Successful students can demonstrate to the examiners that they have a detailed and comprehensive knowledge of optics relevant to the practise of ophthalmology. Particular emphasis is placed on the topics of physical, geometrical, physiological and instrument optics. The advanced material covered provides the students with an opportunity to explore the subject in depth which fulfills the requirements for a post-graduate level qualification. On completion of this unit of study, students can describe the physical properties of light and lasers with particular reference to their interaction with the eye and instruments and they are able to describe the geometrical principles of light and the laws governing lights interaction with materials. They can outline the optical properties, limitations and image formation of common ophthalmic instruments and the design aspects that improve image quality and describe the physiological optics of the human eye and how it is evaluated and the normal changes of accommodation with age. They will understand the use of optical instruments for this purpose and can describe the process of objective and subjective refraction and how this impacts prescription of spectacles, contact lenses or the surgical management of ametropia.
2 x 2500 word assignments (30%), presentation (15%), online journal club (10%) and 1 x 3hr exam (45%)
Prescribed texts: Clinical Optics AR Elkington and HJ Frank, Blackwell Science, 3rd Ed, 2000; Optics, Refraction and Contact Lenses, Basic and Clinical Science Course, American Academy Ophthalmology, 2013. Additional texts: Optics MH Freeman, Butterworths-Heinemann Medical; 10th Ed, 1990; Optics for Clinicians M Rubin, Triad Publishing, 3rd Ed, 1993; Physics for Ophthalmologists DJ Coster 1st Ed 1994; The Fine Art of Prescribing Glasses Without Making a Spectacle of Yourself Hardcover - April 30, 2004, by Benjamin Milder (Author), Melvin L. Rubin (Author).
Undergraduate knowledge of physics relating to light and optics