THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Tuesday 31 March 2020 15:02

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 3 April 2020

- A -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in February 2020, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to 1860 close to completion.

ABBA, Giovanni (Giovanni ABBA)

Trombone player

Born c. 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854
Departed Melbourne, VIC, October 1854 (per Charlotte, for Valparaiso) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto; Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa. Herr Ellerner [? Elsasser] will preside at the piano . . .

Outward passenger index, October 1854; Public Record Office of Victoria

[Giovanni Abba, 29, and Maria Abba, 30, per Charlotte, for Valparaiso]

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacinto Gagliardi; ? Charles Elsasser

ABBOTT, Charles D. (Charles D. ABBOTT; Mr. C. D. ABBOTT)

American violinist, musical director, composer, minstrel serenader (Backus Minstrels)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audobon, from San Francisco, 9 August, and Honolulu, 8 September)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 7 April 1856 (per What Cheer, for San Francisco)
Died LaSalle, Illinois, USA, 20 May 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Buffalo Morning Express and Illustrated Buffalo Express [Buffalo, NY, USA] (15 June 1849), 2

. . . CONCERT HALL, Monday Evening, June 18, 1849, KIMBERLY'S OPERATIC TROUPE!
THE UNRIVALLED Campbell Minstrels. The originators of their own Music, Dances . . . consisting of the following well known musicians . . .
Mr. A. H. BARRY . . . Mr. J. H. HERMAN . . . Mr. L. M. BURDETT . . . Mr. T. WALLACE . . . Mr. A. H. PEEL . . .
Mr. C. D. ABBOTT, First Violin, and author of "The Colored Orphan Boy," "Abbott's Quick Step," "Nancy Teare," "Abbott's Polka," &c.
Mr. J. H. BURDETT . . . Mr. L. V. H. CROSBY . . . AND . . . THE INIMITABLE LUKE WEST . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", Empire (24 October 1855), 4 

October 33. - Audubon, American ship, 531 tons, Captain Arthur, from San Francisco August 9, and Honolulu September 8. Passengers - . . . Mr. C. Backus, Charles Abbott, W. Barker, D. F. Boley, S. C. Campbell, Bryant, Porter, Morgan, Burbank . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (29 October 1855), 4

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING, Monday, October 2Dth, 1865, the entertainments will commence with the unrivalled performances of the BACKUS MINSTRELS, Characters by Messrs. Charles Backus, S. C. Campbell, W. M. Parker, Jerry Bryant, C. D. Abbott, A. Morgan, W. A. Porter, D. F. Boley, O. N. Burbank . . .

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Argus (17 December 1855), 5

. . . Mr. Abbott is a violinist of superior ability, besides being in every respect an accomplished musician. The part music is deliciously rendered . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1856), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Grand Complimentary Benefit and Last Appearance of the Backus Minstrels . . . April 5th, Farewell Concert . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (14 April 1856), 66 

April 7, - What Cheer, barque, 384 tons, Captain Baker, for San Francisco. Passengers - Messrs. C. Backus, F. Moran, A. Morgan, W. M. Baker, O. N. Burbank, T. R. Morgan, S. A. Campbell, J. Bryant, Abbott, W. Bryant, Hyman . . .

"NEGRO MINSTRELSY", New York Clipper (4 June 1864), 6 

Mr. CHARLES D. ABBOTT, late violinist with the Ryan Minstrels from Milwaukee, died at the hotel in Lassell, Ill. The company left him behind on the 7th of April, and he died May 20th. He was buried by the landlord of the hotel.

Musical works (US editions only):,_C._D. 

Bibliography and resources:

"CHARLES BACKUS [with portrait illustration]", New York Clipper (30 June 1883), 4 

. . . in the Summer of 1854 he organized a minstrel company known as the Backus Minstrels, who performed in San Francisco Hall, on Washington street, between Montgomery and Kearney. C. D. Abbott was the musical-director . . . In 1855 Mr. Backus decide to visit Australia, and formed a company for that purpose . . . In Australia the Backus troupe met with so much success that they made an extended tour of all the colonies. In 1856 they returned to San Francisco . . .

"CHARLEY BACKUS' MINSTRELS IN HOBART TOWN, VAN DIEMAN'S LAND, in 1856", New York Clipper (15 September 1877), 4 

. . . C . D . Abbott died in Lasalle, Ill., May 20, 1864 . . .

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 74 

C. D. Abbott was a prominent musician of the early days of minstrelsy, when those performers were artists in their respective lines, and each one was a soloist. He died at La Salle, Ill., May 20, 1864.

"Early history of Negro minstrelsy, its rise and progress in the United States, by Col. T. Allston Brown", New York Clipper (25 May 1912), 10 


Amateur musician, bandmaster

Born Leamington Priors, Warwickshire, England, 31 October 1827; baptised, Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, 25 November 1827, son of Eli and Matilda ABBOTT
Married Emma Martha WITT (c. 1824-1885), Salisbury, England, 1851
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854 (wife and daughters arrived later per Ivanhoe in March 1855)
Active Beechworth, VIC, ? 1852
Died Beechworth, VIC, 16 May 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Register of baptisms, Warwickshire, Calvinistic Methodist; UK National Archives, RG4 

Eli son of Eli Abbott and Matilda his wife, was born the 31st day October 1827 in the Parish of Leamington Priors in the county of Warwick and was baptised the 25th day of November 1827 by C. Bassano.

England census, 30 March 1851; Wiltshire, Salisbury St. Thomas; UK National Archives, HO 107/1847 

64 / High Street / Eli Abbott / Head / 24 / Linen & Woollen Draper / Warwickshire Leamington
Emma [Abbott] / Wife / 24 / [Linen & Woollen Draper] / Wilts. Salisbury . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 March 1857), 2

The first concert of this society took place last evening at the Wesleyan School room, Ford street. Pressure of business prevented our attending, but we are informed by a gentleman who was there, and who ought to be a good judge in such matters, that the performances were excellent. Mrs. Nicklin is reported to have sung the solo, "Angels ever bright and fair," with a sweetness and clearness of voice not to be met with every day. Mr. Higgins too, we are assured, deserves honorable mention in connection with the performances of last evening, the pleasures of which were, it is said, greatly enhanced by the excellent music of the amateur brass band; and we can ourselves bear testimony to the proficiency and creditable performances of the amateur band, of which our highly respected townsman, Mr. Eli Abbott is the leader, and we believe the founder.

"DIED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 May 1861), 2

On the 16th instant, at his residence, in Camp street, Mr. Eli Abbott, one of the oldest inhabitants of this town, aged 35 years. Much and deservedly respected by all who knew him.

"FUNERAL OF MR. ELI ABBOTT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 May 1861), 2

"OLD MEMORIES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 October 1906), 8 

. . . Music is still in the air. From the other side of the town, during the week day evening, comes another familiar face that has passed away - Mr. Eli Abbott, the originator of the Beechworth Brass Band. He built a round summer-house, with thatched roof, in his garden, where they assembled for practice, and strains were heard from his trombone almost every evening. Some wag wrote a song on a ball that was held on St. Patrick's Day. It ended thus -

The tradesmen all were at the ball,
But Eli stopped away;
And he played on his old trombone
In his round-house, all alone.
And play on he must,
Though his biler will bust;
And he played on his old trombone.


Songwriter, lyricist, artist, public servant

Born Parramatta, NSW, c. 1803
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 10 July 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Hartwell Henslowe


The song of the fair emigrant; written by John Abbott; composed by F. H. Henslowe (Hobart Town: R. V. Hood, 1854) (DIGITISED)

The dying soldier's legacy, a song of the war, the words by John Abbott, the music by F. Hartwell Henslowe (Hobart Town: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"John Abbott", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 

ABECCO, Raffaele (Raffaele ABECCO; Raphael ABECCO)

Tenor vocalist, harpist, violinist, minstrel, serenader

Born Holland (Netherlands), c. 1835/36
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 January 1865 (per Osprey, from San Francisco, 22 November 1864)
Departed Bunbury, WA, June 1869 (per Sea Ripple for Singapore)
Died Chicago, USA, 3 January 1879, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Cheshire, Macclesfield, Rainow; UK National Archives, H.O. 107/2159 

Market Place / Robert Clarke / Head / 34 / Victualer . . .
Michelangelo Di Leonardo / Lodger / 35 / Musician / Holland
Antonio Abecco / [Lodger] / 38 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Vincent [Abecco] / [Lodger] / 36 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Raffaele [Abecco] / [Lodger] / 16 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Francesco Di Leonardo / [Lodger] / 12 / [Musician] / [Holland] . . .

"LATEST SHIPPING NEWS . . . ARRIVALS", Sydney Mail (4 February 1865), 9 

Osprey, Columbian schooner, 600 tons, Captain Cornfoot, from San Francisco 22nd November. Passengers . . . Signor Raffaele Abecco; and 16 in the steerage.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 1

  [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1865), 1

"THE CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (21 February 1865), 4

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (27 February 1865), 5

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Portland Guardian (23 September 1867), 2

[News], Evening Post (24 October 1867), 2

Many persons will remember a stout gentleman of Saxon countenance rejoicing in the rank and name of Signor Raphael Abecco, who, in the early part of the year, visited Wellington with a musical company. Mr. Abecco is now in Melbourne as manager of some Christy's Minstrels, at whose hands, by all accounts, he has suffered very badly in purse and in person. The Minstrels, it would appear, have made an unsuccessful tour through the Western districts of Victoria, and poor Abecco had not the wherewithal to pay their salaries. The members thereupon waxed wroth and took their moneys worth out of him by an assault. Abecco appealed to the law, and his assailants were fined £5 each, with the alternative of 6 weeks imprisonment. One of them, named Taylor, was unable to pay, but offered the Bench his gold watch; unaccountably, however, the presiding justice declined converting the Court into a Mont de Piete, and refused the security.

"SIGNOR ABECCO'S CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1868), 2

"STRATHABLYN", South Australian Chronicle (30 May 1868), 7

"WELLINGTON", The Inquirer & Commercial News (23 June 1869), 3

"BUNBURY", The Perth Gazette (25 June 1869), 2

The Sea Ripple, chartered by Mr. Gillman, has completed her loading, and cleared out for Singapore. Her cargo consists of sandalwood and horses; she also takes as cabin passengers Signor and Madame Abecco.

"WEST AUSTRALIAN THEATRICALS. (To the Editor . . .)", The Western Australian Times (13 February 1877), 2

"THE DEATH OF RAFAEL ABECCO . . .", New York Clipper (25 January 1879), 351 [7] 

THE DEATH OF RAFAEL ABECCO is confirmed by our Chicago, Ill., correspondent, who writes that he died at 190 Peoria street, in that city, Jan. 3, after an illness of one week's duration. His remains were buried in calvary Cemetery, the Masons defraying the expenses. The members of the companies of the Academy, Metropolitan and Hamlin's Theatres furnished the means to send the widow to New York City. Mr. Abecco was a skillful performer upon the harp, a good tenor vocalist, and a composer of some merit. He had been a long time before the public. On Aug. 27, 1860, he opened with Sanford's Opera Troupe in Philadelphia. During the season of 1861-62 he was a member of the Canterbury Minstrels, at 585 Broadway, in this city. July 7, 1862, he opened with Wood's Minstrels, 514 Broadway. In 1863 he was a manager of Birch, Cotton, Abecco Wells & Co.'s Minstrels, playing in the Eureka Theatre, San Francisco, Cal. He remained there during 1864, performing with Birch, Wambold, Backus, Coes, Jennie Worrell and others. Mr. E. H. Harvey, a minstrel manager residing in Boston, Mass., furnishes us with some information concerning his career in foreign lands. Leaving San Francisco, he went to Sydney, N.S.W., arriving there in 1865. He joined Smith, Brown & Collins' Christy Minstrels, and played with them in the principal cities of the Australian colonies. Owing to a disagreement with the management, he left them in Hobart Town, Tasmania, and then gave concerts with Rogers the comedian and his daughter through that province. The enterprise not proving pecuniarly successful, he returned to Melbourne, and joined Harvey and La Feuillade's Minstrels, remaining with them five months. He next went to New Zealand with the late Tommy Peel, and in 1866 returned to Melbourne, where he joined Harvey, La Feuillade's and Rainford's Minstrels, with whom he continued until 1867. He then engaged to go to India with Harvey & Nish; but an accident prevented his going, and he made another tour of Australia with John E. Taylor and others, and in 1868 sailed for Western Australia, Singapore and China, where he played for one year, joining Dave Carson, Harvey and Burton in Bombay, India, in 1870, and going with them to Colombo, Ceylon. He left them there after playing three weeks, and sailed from Colombo for South Africa with W. W. Allen . . . They played in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and Grahamstown, and while in the last-named place he retired from the profession and became the proprietor of the Masonic Hotel, which he kept during 1871 and part of 1872 . . . in 1872 he sailed for St. Helena, where he was wrecked. He then returned directly to the United States . . . His last engagement was with Billy Emerson's Minstrels, and he left that company in Clinton, Ia., Dec. 25, 1878, to go to his home, in Chicago, Ill., for a few days' rest, as he was suffering from a carbuncle on the back of his neck, and erysipelas subsequently set in and caused his death.

"SIGNOR ABECCO", The Western Australian Times (25 April 1879), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 118:

Sig. Raphael Abecco gained distinction in minstrelsy chiefly for his excellent performance on the harp: but was also a fine tenor singer, and a composer of repute. As early as October 20, 1857, he was with Matt. Peel's Minstrels, and continued with Peel until the latter's death in 1859. August 27, 1860, he began a season's engagement at Sanford's Minstrels in Philadelphia; in the Spring of 1861 fulfilling a short season with Unsworth's Minstrels; he returned to Sanford's for the season of 1861-62. July 7, 1862, he opened with Wood's Minstrels in New York City, and in 1863 Birch, Cotton, Wells and Abecco's Minstrels inaugurated their season in San Francisco. In 1865 he sailed for Australia and remained abroad until 1872. January 9, 1875 he opened with Simmons and Slocum's Minstrels in Philadelphia, and the following season was a member of Simmons, Slocum and Sweatnam's Minstrels in the same city. His last engagement was with Emerson's Minstrels, December 25, 1878. Sig. Abecco was of foreign birth; he died in Chicago, Ill., January 3, 1879; age 42 years.

John Franceschina, David Braham: the American Offenbach (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), 6, 9, 20-22 (PREVIEW)

ABRAHAM, Jemima (Jemima ABRAHAM; Miss J. ABRAHAM; Miss ABRAHAMS; Mrs. William ELLIS)

Pianist, professor of the pianoforte

Born Staffordshire, England, 15 April 1833; daughter of Abraham ABRAHAM (1806-1878) and Eliza Ann SHAW (1808-1876)
Active Hanley, Staffordshire, England, by 1846
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1848 (per St. George from London and the Downs, 20 August)
Married William ELLIS (d. 1875), Sydney, NSW, 12 April 1854
Died Croydon Parl, NSW, 27 February 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Miss Abrahams . . . from the Royal Academy [of Music], London" made her first and only documented appearance in Sydney at John Philip Deane's concert on 30 March 1849, playing Herz's Variations brillantes sur la la cavatine favorite La Violette de Carafa, op. 48

She had given her first public performances at Henley, in her native Staffordshire, in the mid 1840s as a pupil of the local pianist George Simpson. According to her Sydney advertisement in June 1849 she had also been a pupil of Sophie Lebrun Dulken.


Register of baptisms, Caroline Street Chapel (Independent), Lane End, Stoke on Trent, 1819-37; UK National Archives 

1833 / Jemima / Daughter / [born] April 15th 1833 / Market Street, Lane End, in the Parish / Abraham family / [mother] Elizabeth Abraham Shaw / Druggist / [baptised] May 10th 1833 . . .

[Advertisement], Staffordshire Advertiser [England] (23 May 1846), 1

TOWN HALL, HANLEY. THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY, GEORGE SIMPSON has the honour announce . . . TWO GRAND CONCERTS . . . on the evenings of Thursday and Friday, the 21st and 22nd May, 1846. Miss ABRAHAM, Pupil of G. Simpson, will perform Concertos on the Piano Forte . . .

"THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY", Staffordshire Advertiser (23 May 1846), 3

The visit of these vocalists to Hanley, next Thursday and Friday evenings, is anticipated with real interest . . . In the course of each evening's concert there will be brilliant piano-forte performances by Mr. George Simpson, the conductor, and Miss Abrahams (one of his pupils) . . .

"STOKE-UPON-TRENT ATHENAEUM", Staffordshire Advertiser (22 April 1848), 5

. . . We observe, that . . . the committee have made arrangements for a grand evening concert, to be given in the Town Hall, on the evening of Easter Tuesday, for which occasion they have engaged the able services of Mr. Pearsall . . . Miss Abraham, youthful pianist; and Mr. Hughes, the celebrated performer the opheclide . . .

"STOKE-UPON-TRENT ATHENAEUM", Staffordshire Advertiser (29 April 1848), 8

There was an excellent attendance the concert, arranged under the auspices of the Athenaeum Committee, in the Magistrates' room of the Town Hall, Stoke, on Tuesday evening [25 April] . . . Mr. Pearsall was, of course, the great attraction. His "vocal entertainment" being replete with biographical notices, anecdote, and musical illustration, afforded great delight . . . Miss Abraham's execution of two fantasias on the pianoforte was clever. Mr. G. Simpson, the conductor, presided at the pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], Staffordshire Advertiser (20 May 1848), 1

GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE POOR. G. SIMPSON has the honour to announce that . . . he will give a GRAND SACRED CONCERT, in the TOWN HALL, HANLEY, On TUESDAY EVENING, May 23, in aid of the Fund for Relieving the Poor of Hanley and Shelton, for which occasion he has secured the following distinguished talent: - MR. PEARSALL, (Of Her Majesty's Concerts, Exeter Hall, and Lichfield Cathedral,) who will sing several beautiful compositions of Handel, Rossini, Mozart . . . MISS ABRAHAM (Pupil of Mr. G. Simpson,) will perform two Grand Solos on the Pianoforte . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Maitland Mercury (13 December 1848), 2

8 - St. George, ship, 605 tons, Captain Jones, from London, having left the Downs the 20th August. Passengers - Right Rev. Dr Davis . . . Mr. and Mrs. Abrahams, three sons and three daughters, Mr. W. Abrahams, and two Misses Abrahams . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1849), 3 

MUSIC. MISS J. ABRAHAM, Professor of the Pianoforte, lately arrived from England, 382, George-street, opposite the Savings' Bank.

Advertising', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 9 February, p. 1. , viewed 01 Feb 2020,

BY the request of several friends, Miss ABRAHAM most respectfully informs them and the public generally, that her School will be opened on Monday, the 12th instant.
Music taught by Miss J. Abraham, Professor of the Pianoforte.
Terms on application. 582, George-street, February 8.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 2

Our veteran musician, of twenty-seven years standing, is about to give his usual annual Concert, on Friday evening next, at the Victoria Theatre. Upon reading over the programme we are glad to observe the names of all our old favorites, besides that of Miss Abrahams, a young lady just arrived from the Royal Academy, London, of whom report speaks very favorably. We extract the following from the Staffordshire Mercury: - "Least but not last, we would name the infantile Miss Abrahams, of Longton, who is truly a musical prodigy. On each evening the little fairy played a brilliant Fantasia in a style which would have puzzled many children of a larger growth."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1849), 1 

Mr. Deane will be assisted by Mrs. Guerin, Mrs. Ximenes, Miss Abrahams (her first appearance), from the Royal Academy, London; Messrs. J. and F. Howson, Messrs. Deane, Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Hudson, Ducros, Wright; and by the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield and officers, the splendid BAND OF THE 11th REGIMENT.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 4. Solo. Pianoforte.- La Violette - Hertz [Herz] - Miss Abrahams . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1849), 3 

We were glad to see that notwithstanding the "hard times" the people of Australia know how to appreciate and support talent and industry when opportunity occurs. The appearance of the Victoria on Friday evening last must have convinced every one present of this fact, the circles being crowded to excess by a most fashionable audience. Miss Abrahams made a very successful debut having been deservedly encored, she appears a very clever child, and will, if she persevere in her profession, become and ornament to it . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT. To the editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1849), 3

GENTLEMEN, - In your issue of Wednesday appears a paragraph respecting Mr. Deane's Concert, wherein the debutante, Miss Abrahams, is spoken of as a promising child. This being calculated to do Miss A. a most serious injury as a professor and teacher of music, I beg to state through the medium of your widely circulated Journal, that Miss A., so far from being a promising child, is a young lady of sufficiently matured age to enact the teacher to a number of pupils, and has been pronounced not only a proficient in the art of music, but a pianist of more than ordinary ability by the most competent judges here and in the mother country. TRUTH. Thursday, April 6.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 2

. . . Of the performers we feel ourselves first called on to make mention of Miss Abrahams, a young lady who has acquired considerable fame in England as a pianiste. Her performance on Friday fully established the favorable reports of her capabilities; she played with great precision and execution and received a unanimous encore. The instrument is not of a nature to allow the display of much feeling, piano-forte playing being little more than a mechanical acquirement . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1849), 5 

MISS J. ABRAHAM, Professor of the Pianoforte, Pupil of the celebrated Madame Dulckens, London, respectfully intimates to the Gentry and Public of Sydney, that she will recommence her duties on Monday next, July 2nd, and will give lessons in Music, on a new, correct, and pleasing style, 382, George-street, Opposite the Savings' Bank.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1854), 8 

At the Wesleyan Chapel, York-street, by the Rev. Mr. Hull, Jemima, second daughter of Abraham Abraham, Esq., chemist, &c., George-street, to William Ellis, Esq., of the firm of Fairfax and Co.

[Obituary] "CHURCH TRIUMPHANT. JEMIMA ELLIS", The Methodist (15 May 1915), 14 

Mrs. Ellis was born at Langton, Staffordshire, England, on April 12th, 1833, and died at Croydon Park on February 27th, 1915, aged almost 82. She arrived in Sydney in 1847 [recte 1848], and resided there until 1868, when she removed to Mudgee, where she lived for many years. In the early part of 1850 she was converted at Old York Street, and received her first ticket of membership in March that year. From, that time until the end of her life she was a most devoted and loyal member of the Methodist Church. In Mudgee she was organist of our Church for 20 years, and in that position, also as a teacher in the Sunday School, as a leader of a class of young women, and in many other ways she rendered very valuable and much appreciated service . . .

ABRAHAMS, Isaac (Isaac ABRAHAMS; "Ikey the Fiddler")

Musician, music master, violinist, fiddler, convict

Born Maidstone, England, 1798
Sentenced Middlesex Sessions, England, 12-19 September 1825 (transportation 7 years)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 August 1826 (per Earl St Vincent, from England, 20 April) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MIDDLESEX SESSIONS. MONDAY", Morning Post [London, England] (20 September 1825), 2

Isaac Abrahams was indicted for fraud, in calling on the mother of a prisoner confined in the House of Correction, who had been sentenced for uttering bad coin. The prisoner said that for 3s. 6d. he would procure bail for her son for his good behaviour, his imprisonment having expired, but he could not be set at liberty without bail. - Guilty. The CHAIRMAN animadverted in strong terms and the enormity of depriving poor people of their small property by such infamous imposture, and sentenced the prisoner to transportation for seven years.

"MIDDLESEX SESSIONS. SEPT. 19", the Star [London] (20 September 1825), 3

. . . Isaac Abrahams was . . . convicted of a fraud in going to Rachael Lazarus, and undertaking, upon receipt of 3s. 6d. to procure bail for her son . . .

Convict record and description, Isaac Abrahams, Earl St. Vincent, 1826; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1368053$init=CON31-1-1p61$init=CON23-1-1-P004 

[Government gazette], Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 4

THE undermentioned prisoner having absconded from their places of residence . . . Isaac Abrahams, 5 ft, 5 1/2 ins, dark brown hair, dark brown eyes, aged 33 years, a musician, tried at Middlesex in Sept. 1825, sentenced 7 years, per Earl St. Vincent, native of Middlesex, scar on forehead over left eyebrow, scar back of left arm, absconded from G. C. Clark, Esq. Dec. 1831. Reward £2.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Carr Clark (of Ellinthorp Hall, Ross)

"APPREHENDED", The Hobart Town Courier (17 December 1831), 2

. . . 226 Isaac Abrahams . . .

"THE GAZETTE . . . CERTIFICATES", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (8 March 1833), 4 

. . . Isaac Abrahams . . .

[Public advertisement], Colonial Times (12 March 1833), 4

The undermentioned persons having duly executed bonds of qualification, have been licensed as Auctioneers and Vendue Masters for the County of Cornwall . . . Isaac Abrahams . . .

"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 November 1838), 3

Isaac Abrahams, alias "Ikey the Fiddler", a well known character, was fined £10 and costs, for harbouring a female assigned servant of Mr. Pyle's.

"SLY GROG SELLING", Launceston Courier (17 May 1841), 2 

A man named Isaac Abrahams better known as "Ikey the fiddler," was fined in the sum of twenty-five pounds, for sly grog selling on Friday. We quite approve of this Act on the part of our New Police Magistrate. Major Wentwort would have allowed this man to escape with the lowest penalty.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (10 February 1842), 2 

Notice to Isaac Abrahams.
NOTICE is hereby, given, that unless Isaac Abrahams, takes away within 21 days from this date, a fiddle and bow left at my residence, to secure the payment of Board and Lodging due to me, it will be sold by Public Auction to defray the same;
Witness, - JANE HUTTONS.

? "ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (11 May 1843), 3 

MAY 10. - From Launceston, having left the 2nd instant, the brig William, 149 tons, Captain Thom, with sundries. Passengers - Mr. Isaac Abraham . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Isaac Abrahams, one of 160 convicts transported on the Earl St Vincent, 20 April 1826; Convict records

John Levi, These are the names: Jewish lives in Australia, 1788-1850, second edition (Melbourne: Miegunyah Press, 2013), [1775] (PREVIEW)

ADALL, Richard (Richard ADALL)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (12 December 1856), 6

Richard Adall was charged with being drunk, and having a sword-stick in his possession. The prisoner was creating a disturbance, on the preceding day, in the Royal Mail Hotel, Swanston-street, and sprung the sword-stick, but apparently without any mischievous intention. He is a musician. Upon expressing his contrition, he was fined 20s., or three days' imprisonment.


Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843, 1845 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Spencer Wellington Wallace (leader); John Gibbs (leader)


"THE DRAMA. THE CITY THEATRE", The Sun and New South Wales Independent Press (20 May 1843), 3

. . . The Orchestra comprises the following instrumental Performers: - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

. . . The Orchestra - Mr. J. Gibbs, Leader; Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. Westroppe, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Turner, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Wright.

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

. . . The Theatrical Band will comprehend Messrs. O'Flaherty, Deane, E. Deane. W. Deane, Turner, Friedlander, Westrip, Adams, Wright, Vaughan . . .

ADAMS, Frederick (Frederick ADAMS; Fred. ADAMS; Mr. F. ADAMS)

Amateur vocalist (Longford Philharmonic Society)

Active Longford, TAS, by 1860 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (25 April 1860), 7

Longford Philharmonic Society.
MEMBERS are reminded that subscriptions for the current quarter (ending 30th June) are due, and are requested to pay them at their earliest convenience. Subscribers to the Piano will oblige by forwarding the amount of their shares as soon as possible, as a suitable instrument has been purchased.
Frederick Adams, Treasurer.
Newry, April 21.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1861), 7 

THE FIFTH CONCERT of this Society, will take place in the Princess Theatre, on Thursday next, the 22nd inst.
Conductor - Mr. Horace Laws.
Pianist - Mr. Leffler.
Tickets to non-subscribers, 2s. each, to be obtained from Messrs. Laws, Kemp, and J. Smith, Longford; R. Sharpe, Launceston; and the Post Offices Perth and Cressy.
Members can obtain three FREE tickets of admission by presenting their tickets of membership at the Post Office, Longford.
Doors open at half-past seven p.m. Concert to commence at eight o'clock.
Tbe following is the programme:-
Part 1.
Gloria - Mozart.
Et resurrexit - Mozart.
Sanctus - Mozart.
Children, pray this love to cherish - Spohr.
Worthy is the Lamb - Handel.
Hallelujah - Handel.
Part II.
The Lay of the Bell - Romberg.
Part III.
From Oberon in Fairy Land - Stevens.
Onward, onward thro' the water - Kucken.
Sweet Peace descending - Mozart.
The National Anthem.
FRED. ADAMS, Hon. Sec. Aug 17.

"LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1895), 6

. . . the first society was started here about 35 years ago, under the joint conductorship of Mr. [John] Adams, of Launceston, and Mr. Horace Laws, of Longford, Mr. Fred. Adams subsequently taking the command. This was named the Philharmonic Society, and included in its ranks members of some of the old Longford families, such as the Misses Kirby, Clerke, Archer, Noake, Paton, and others, rehearsals and concerts being held in an iron store, near the site of the old windmill, just off Wellington-street.


Professor of music, singing instructor, choral conductor, composer (pupil of George Elvey)

Active Launceston, TAS, from 1853; died 1861

Go to mainpage John Adams

ADAMSON, David Beveridge (David Beveridge ADAMSON; Mr. D. B. ADAMSON)

Amateur violin maker

Born Hawick, Scotland, 22 March 1823; son of James ADAMSON and Elizabeth BEVERIDGE
Arrived South Australia, 19 September 1839 (per Recovery, from London, 19 May)
Married Emma Golding LA VENCE (1831-1880), Tenterden, SA, 6 November 1849
Died Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1891, aged 68 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ADAMSON, Emma Golding (Emma Golding LA VENCE; Mrs. David Beveridge ADAMSON; Mrs. ADAMSON)

See Miss La Vence


Adamson claimed, in 1876, to have made the first violin in South Australia in 1841.

At Tenterden, SA, on 6 November 1849, he married Emma Golding La Vence (1831-1880), who is probably the vocalist Miss La Vence who had appeared in two Adelaide Choral Society concerts earlier that year, and who, as Mrs. Adamson, sang in a War Fund concert in 1854.

Their son, David Beveridge Adamson, junior (d. 1937), was active as an amateur musician in the 1880s and 1890s.


"CHAMBER OF MANUFACTURERS", The South Australian Advertiser (21 December 1876), 6

. . . Mr. D. B. Adamson wrote, claiming the credit of making, in the year 1841, the first violin manufactured in the colony. His assertion was made in reference to a statement that the violin shown by Mr. J. G. Nash at the recent exhibition was the first one made in the colony . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (24 June 1891), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Julie Evans, "Adamson, David Beveridge", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

. . . He built furniture and musical instruments, claiming (in 1876) to have made the first violin in the colony in 1841 . . .

Alan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (?: for the author, 2009), 25

ADCOCK, Marianne Eliza (Miss PETTINGELL; Mrs. St. John ADCOCK)

Professor of music, pianist, singer, organist, arranger

Born Marylebone, London, England, 12 August 1821; baptised Paddington chapel, 23 September 1821, daughter of Joseph PETTINGELL (1799-1859) and Marianne LINDEN
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 September 1834 (passenger on Thomas Lawrie, from London 4 April, or ? 17 March)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2/3 February 1839 (per William, from Launceston, 24/28 January)
Married St. John ADCOCK, Sydney, NSW, 19 May 1842
Died Cootamundra, NSW, 28 November 1890, in her 70th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ADCOCK, Marion Eliza (Marion Eliza ADCOCK; Miss ADCOCK; Mrs. G. R. BELL)


Born Sydney, NSW, 1843
Married G. R. BELL, NSW, 5 March 1860 (shareable link to this entry)


Marianne Pettingell was born in Marylebone, London, on the 12 August 1821. She was the first child of Joseph Pettingell (1799-1859) and his wife Marianne Linden Jones (c. 1800-1890), who had married at St. George's Bloomsbury, on 6 July 1820.

She was first billed in Hobart as a pupil of "Panorma", probably either the elderly Francis Panormo (1763-1843), or his son Robert (c. 1800-1873), who, shortly before the Pettingells' departure from London in spring 1834, were living at no. 4 Tottenham-Court New Road.

Joseph, meanwhile (according to his early Hobart advertisements) had been in business in Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, as "Tailor to their Majesties, the Royal Horse Guards, the Dukes Wellington, Gordon, Newcastle, the Russian and French Ambassadors . . . maker to the Berkeley, Andover, and Heaton Park Clubs".

Having departed London in spring 1834 on the Thomas Lawrie, the family arrived in Hobart (travelling under Joseph's wife's family name of Linden) on 4 September. Joseph first advertised in his old profession of tailor.

Meanwhile, on 1 May 1835, Marianne, "only 12 years of age" (correctly 13) made her local debut at George Peck's Theatre of Arts, playing a set of piano variations on Bruce's address, by another member of her teacher's family, Ferdinand Charles Panormo (1793-1826).

Apparently not prospering in Hobart, Joseph (who was later described as being of "a weakly constitution") moved him family to the milder north of island, to become post master at Evandale near Launceston, and, with his wife, to open a school, in spring 1836, at which Marianne and her sister Margaret (1823-1893, from 1841 Mrs. Robert Banbury) taught painting, music, dancing, and French.

Marianne meanwhile made her next documented public appearance on 12 September 1837, in a concert by the Launceston Harmonic Society directed by Edmund Leffler.

Later that month, however, Joseph was declared insolvent and briefly confined to Launceston goal, leaving his wife to find a new home and, with her daughters, to open a school for young ladies in Launceston. From there in January 1838, the Misses Pettingell also advertised offering private tuition in "Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing".

In December 1838, Joseph sailed for Sydney, and on arrival announced that he was opening a new business as a law stationer, in Elizabeth Street. He was shortly joined by his family, who landed in New South Wales at the beginning of February 1839.

Marianne advertised later that month as a professor of music and teacher of the pianoforte, and made her Sydney public debut at John Philip Deane's concert on 13 August 1839, appearing as both a vocalist and pianist. With Rosalie Deane, she sang Horn's duet I know a bank, and in two vocal solos, Weber's O Araby (from Oberon), and Pixis's vocal variations on The Swiss bride. She also played, with John Deane on violin, and Edward Deane on cello, in (probably only a single from movement from) Moschelles's Piano Trio, and with John Deane in a duet by Herz and Lafont.

She again advertised as a teacher in Sydney in October 1839, and at Windsor in March 1841, before making her last public appearance as Miss Pettingell, along with her sister Frederica, among the singers at Isaac Nathan's concert on 27 October 1841.

At St. Lawrence's chapel, on 19 May 1842, she married a law clerk, John, or St. John Adcock (c. 1851-1861), who had arrived in Sydney from London on the Canton, in September 1841. A daughter, also Marianne (Marion) Eliza was born in 1843, a son John in 1844, a daughter Alice was born and died in 1846, and a son Thomas in 1848. Her husband, meanwhile, was declared insolvent in 1846, and cleared of a charge of embezzlement in 1848. Apparently by then separated from his wife, he was working as a stockman on the Upper Castlereagh River, when he was thrown from his horse and killed on in April 1861.

Finally, ten years from her last public performance, she returned to the concert stage, as a debutante, for Henry Marsh's 1851 Christmas concert, singing in the Costanzo Festa's madrigal Down in a flowery vale, with Sara Flower and Frank Howson and his brother John, and performing in a grand gallop for 12 pianos. Meanwhile, she had also resumed teaching.

Thereafter, through the 1850s, she regularly appeared professionally as a pianist and vocalist, and in 1859 was joined by her surviving daughter, Marion, singing at the Sydney University Musical Festival.

From 1867, if not earlier, Marianne was the organist of St. Paul's, Redfern (now the Greek Orthodox Cathedral).

She died at Cootamunda, NSW, on 28 November 1890.

Her only surviving child, Marion/Marian/Marriane (Mrs. George Bell), was living at Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England, with her husband, at the time of the 1891 English census.


Paddington Chapel (Independent), New Road, London, register of births, 1813-36; UK National Archives 

Marrianne Eliza / Daughter of Joseph Pettingell and Marrianne his wife of no. 16 Stafford Street, Lisson Grove, St. Mary lebone, who was daughter of Thomas Jones, Born August twelfth 1721, Baptised September 23rd 1821 . . .

Diary of Joseph Pettingell, kept on the Thomas Lawrie, from London to Hobart, 1834; typed transcript from the original manuscript, National Library of Australia, MS 9399 (DIGITISED)

. . . Friday 9 May . . . This day is the birthday of Margaret, 11 years old with very little to complain of. Both the oldest pay great attention to their Mama and take them all in all they are very good girls . . .

. . . Tuesday 12 August . . . The weather is now fine and slashing along at 8 1/2 knots. This is the birthday of Marrianne and Joseph, the one 13 and the other 6 years old. We have for our dinner today a raisin pudding . . .

"SHIP NEWS", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch [Hobart, TAS] (9 September 1834), 2 

Sept. 4. - Arrived the ship Thomas Lawrie, Captain Langdon, from London, April 4, with a general cargo. Cabin Passengers . . . Steerage Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Linden, and six children . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 October 1834), 3

J. Pettingell, (LATE OF MOUNT-ST., GROSVENOR SQUARE, LONDON,) Tailor to the King, the Royal Horse Guards, and many of the Nobility, BEGS leave to return his sincere thanks to the Gentlemen of Hobart Town, for the very great encouragement given him, since he commenced business, and assures them he will be able to execute any orders given him, with elegance and despatch. Oct. 14, 1834.

Letter, Joseph Pettingell, Hobart Town, 19 October 1834, to family in England; typed transcript, National Library of Australia, MS 9399 (DIGITISED)

15 Campbell St., Hobart Town . . . I meet with very good encouragement . . . orders . . . in the person of Gentlemen in the Governors House . . . 

. . . Margaret getting on very rapidly with drawing will some time hence be very clever in sketching the wonderful and romantic scenery which surrounds us. Marrianne is getting on very well in her music. I almost forgot to say that our servants are rather different to yours inasmuch as we pay them naught for their service. They are convicts . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 April 1835), 3

Theatre of Arts, Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and Family, and several Persons of distinction. ON FRIDAY EVENING NEXT, MAY 1st, the following Entertainments will be presented:
PART I. THE PASSAGE OF THE GREAT ST. BERNARD By NAPOLEON, and his Grand Army of Reserve, consisting of Thirty Thousand Men; THE MONK OF ST. BERNARD'S And his Dog, &c.
GRAND CONCERTO, PIANO-FORTE, By Miss Pettingell, A Young Lady only 12 years of Age, Pupil of the celebrated "Panorma" [sic].
PART II. NSW LONDON BRIDGE, WITH ST. PAUL'S, And Part of London in the Distance. A Variety of Pleasing and Ingenious Mechanical Figures will enliven the Scene. After which, MR. PECK will perform his admired Imitations of the celebrated "PAGANINI" on the Violin.
PART III. MOUNT WELLINGTON, As seen from Sandy Bay, with the upper part of Davey-street. In this Scene, in addition to a variety of Local Figures, "The Death of the Kangaroo." A splendid effect of Cloud and Sunshine will be presented.
BRUCE'S ADDRESS, With Variations on the Piano-forte by MISS PETTINGELL.
The whole to Conclude with THE STORM AT SEA. Doors Open at Six o'Clock, and the Performance to Commence at Seven. April 28,1835.

"To Humanitas, Evandale, May 15, 1837", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 May 1837), 1 

. . . It gives me satisfaction to state, that since I commenced school at Evandale, from the 1st of last August to the present time, not one of my family have ever even had a head, and very seldom an heart ache . . . I undertake to teach Surveying-. . . Navigation, Mathematics, Drawing and Oil Painting, Natural Philosophy, Greek and Latin. Mrs. Pettingell has three young ladies as boarders, and my daughters teach Painting, Music, and Dancing, with the French Language. In short, Sir, we are all one happy family . . .
Trusting you will excuse my thus troubling you, I have the honor to be, Sir, Your obedient Servant,

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 July 1837), 4 

ESTABLISHMENT FOR YOUNG LADIES, Evandale. MRS. PETTINGELL . . . is now enabled to take charge of an additional number of boarders, as the whole of the house is appropriated to their use. The alterations made by Mr. Pettingell, in removing his School and rooms to an adjoining building, makes the two Establishments entirely distinct from each other, and having the assistance of a Lady, who has had great experience in schools, combined with those of her two eldest daughters, one of whom is well know for her talents in Music, and the other in Drawing and painting, enables her to give instructions in the above polite accomplishments, and Dancing, with the French Language, without the aid of Masters . . . July 14, 1837.

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (16 September 1837), 2 

The fourth Concert of the Launceston Harmonic Society, took place on Thursday last, at Mr. Green's Assembly Rooms. The vocal and instrumental performance went off with great eclat. The music was selected from the principal composers - Haydn, Rossini, Meyerbeer, &c. The instrumental part was led by Mr. Leffler, Professor of Music, assisted by Miss Pettingell, who presided at the pianoforte. This young lady displayed considerable talent, and was greatly applauded; there can be no doubt she will be a great acquisition to the Harmonic Society, and we are happy to hear the Committee have secured her services for the succeeding concerts.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 September 1837), 3 

In the matter of the Insolvency of Joseph Pettingell, late of Evandale, in the Island of Van Diemen's Land, Schoolmaster, but now confined for Debt in His Majesty's Gaol at Launceston . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (28 October 1837), 3 

CIRCULAR - MRS. PETTINGELL begs respectfully to inform Ladies and heads or Families in Launceston, and its Vicinity, that she intends commencing a BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL, at her residence, No. 2, Cameron's Buildings, St John-street . . . The number of Boarders will be limited to six . . . above ten years of age, including the usual routine of School duties, with French, Music, and Dancing . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (27 January 1838), 15

PRIVATE TUITION. THE MISSES PETTINGELL beg respectfully to inform the Ladies of Launceston, that they would be happy to give Lessons in Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing, either at their residence, or those of their Pupils. For Terms, enquire at 2, Cameron's Buildings, St. John-street, Launceston.

"LAUNCESTON SHIP NEWS", The Tasmanian (1 February 1839), 4 

JAN. 24. - Sailed the brig William, 149 tons, Thom, master, for Sydney. Passengers - Mr. H. Callow, Mrs. Pettingell, three Miss Pettingells and Master Pettingell . . .

Sydney, NSW (from February 1839):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1839), 2 

From Launceston, on Saturday last, having sailed 28th January, the brig William, Captain Thom, with sundries, &c. Passengers - Mr. George Cox, Miss Cox, Mrs. Petengall, two Misses Pettengall, six children, and servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (20 February 1839), 3 

MISS PETTINGELL. Professor of Music, begs to inform her Friends that she has commenced giving LESSONS on the PIANO FORTE, either at home, or at the residence of those who may honour her with their support. - For Cards of Terms, apply at Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, George-street, or at her residence, No. 8, Josephson's Terrace, Elizabeth-street North.

"LOCAL NEWS", The Australian (9 March 1839), 3

Music. - By an advertisement in another column, we perceive that Miss Pettingell, professor of music, has arrived from Launceston, and has opened a Music Seminary in Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (13 August 1839), 1 

Under Distinguished Patronage
MR. DEANE BEGS to inform his Friends and the Public, that his
TUESDAY EVENING, August 13th, 1839, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
PART I . . . 2. Duett - I know a Bank - Horn - Miss Deane and Miss Pettingell
3. Trio - Violin, Violincello, & Pianoforte - Moschelles - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Dean and Mr. J. Deane . . .
5. Glee - O! Stranger lend thy gentle barque - Steven - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Deane and Amateur
6. Song - The Swiss Bride - Pixis - Miss Pettingell . . .
PART II . . . 2. Glee - Merrily Swim We - Smith - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Deane and Amateur . . .
5. Song - O! Araby, Dear Araby - Weber - Miss Pettingell . . .
8. Duett - Violin and Pianoforte - Herz and Lafont - Miss Pettingell and Mr. J. Deane . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (16 August 1839), 2 

With respect to the main character of Mr. Deane's Concert on Tuesday evening, it may be said, it was a Concert of youth, innocence, and beauty, rather that of vocal talent. Nevertheless, Miss Petingale and Miss Deane have good voices, and which, if cultivated, will make them stars in due time, provided they be placed under the best tuition . . . Miss Deane and Miss Pettingale both displayed great execution on the Piano, much precision in time, and much feeling; and an ounce of feeling is worth a pound of execution on any occasion . . . Sir Maurice O'Connell and family were present, and we were happy to see a full, and some say, a crowded room . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1839), 2 

. . . Sir Maurice O'Connell and family visited the concert, for a short time, but did not remain long, taking their departure very early. The only novelty of the evening was Miss Pettingell, who appears to have a good voice, but it requires cultivation . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Colonist (21 August 1839), 3 

. . .Our space will not admit of lengthened criticism, and Mr. Deane's family have long been before the pnblic as musical characters. We must, however, welcome the fair strangers who made their first appearance before a Sydney public on this occasion. Their domestic character does them honour, and we hope they will meet with support in what they are about to undertake, namely, a school. They have hitherto been engaged in perfecting their own accomplishments, and assisting their father in his avocation of law f stationer, as he is of a weakly constitution. The public have had a specimen of their musical powers, and they have been acquired without professional assistance. The second Miss Pettingell is also an artiste. We heartily wish them success.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 October 1839), 3 

Musical Tuition.
MISS PETTINGELL, Professor of Music, begs to intimate that a portion of her time is disengaged throughout the week, and that she will be happy to receive pupils at her residence, or attend Families, to instruct on the Pianoforte. No. 105. Pitt-Street. October 11, 1839.

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 March 1841), 1

A CARD - MISS PETTINGELL begs respectfully to inform the Ladies and Heads of Families in Windsor and its Vicinity, that she intends remaining at Windsor, and will be happy to give Instructions in Music and Singing to those who may honour her with their patronage. For terms and cards of Address, apply to her at her residence, Auburn Cottage, Windsor.
March 1, 1841.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 October 1841), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Programme of MR. NATHAN'S GRAND VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT (first of the series), to take place THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, the 27th of October, 1841.
SOPRANOS and TREBLES. The Misses Nathan, Miss Pettingell, Miss F. Pettingell, Miss Strickland . . .

"NATHAN'S GRAND CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (28 October 1841), 2 

. . . The performance concluded by our excellent Australian anthem, "Long Live Victoria," which, being given with a very full chorus, was most effective. The solos were sung in succession by Miss Jane Nathan, Miss Pettingell, and Miss Strickland. Altogether, this was a very fine performance . . .

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Herald (20 May 1842), 3

By special license, on Thursday, the 19th instant, at Saint Lawrence's, by the Rev. R. Sconce, Mr. St. John Adcock, to Marianne Eliza, eldest daughter of Mr. Joseph Pettingell, Law Stationer, of this town.

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1846), 2 

The following estate was sequestrated, on a petition, and schedule being filed, viz.: John Adcock, of Pyrmont, near Sydney, clerk. Debts - £78 6s. 6d.; assets - personal property, £15. Balance deficiency, £63 6d. Edward Knox, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1851), 1 

MR. HENRY MARSH'S GRAND ANNUAL CONCERT . . . at the Royal Victoria Theatre,
THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, the 18th December . . . PROGRAMME . . . Part I . . .
8. Madrigal, Down in a Flowery Vale - Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. Adcock, and the Messrs. Howson - Unknown [Festa].
9. Grand Gallop, 12 pianofortes arranged for this occasion by Mr. Andrew Moore. Performers: Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and Messrs. Stanley, Frank Howson, John Howson, Sigmont, Emanuel, W. Johnson, Weber, Bök, A. Moore, and H. Marsh . . .

"MR. HENRY MARSH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1851), 2 

. . . The Messrs. Howson, Mr. Baly, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and the instrumental performers, both lay and military, one and all deserve favourable mention; and, inasmuch, as various other entertainments of the like character are announced, we may anticipate that the good citizens of Sydney, and the return parties from Sofala, Ophir, and Araluen, are determined to spend a "merry Christmas."

"MR. MARSH'S CONCERT", Empire (22 December 1851), 3 

. . . The madrigal was delightfully sung by Miss Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, a fair debutante, and the Howsons; and was followed by the "great feature" of the evening, the gallop on twelve pianofortes admirably performed, and enthusiastically encored . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1852), 1 

MRS. ST. JOHN ADCOCK begs to inform her PUPILS, FRIENDS, and the PUBLIC, that she resumes her instructions in the above accomplishments (after the Easter recess) on Monday, the 19th instant.
Mrs. St. J. A.'s terms may be learnt upon application at her residence, No. 66, Prince-street, near the National School.
April 7.

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1859), 7 

. . . The principal singers who took part in the concerted music were Signor Spagnoletti, an accomplished singer and a good musician. His daughter, who has a fine soprano voice, sang with him some duetts from the operas. Mrs. St. John Adcock and Miss Adcock took parts in some of the trios and quartette, and also rendered valuable assistance in the choruses . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1860), 1 

On the 6th instant, by special license, at St. John's, Darlinghurst, by the Rev. Canon Walsh, George Robert Bell, Esq., R.N., to Marion Eliza Adcock, eldest granddaughter of the late Mr. Joseph Pettingell, of this city.

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Sydney Mail (9 March 1867), 2 

On Tuesday a complimentary concert was given to Mrs. St. John Adcock, the organist of St. Paul's, Redfern, by the choir of the church . . .

"CATHEDRAL ORGAN PERFORMANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1867), 4 

A series of performances on the new organ at St Andrew's Cathedral, the last of those as yet determined upon, took place on Saturday afternoon. The organists who played were Mrs. St. John Adcock, Mr. C. E. Horsley, and Mr. G. F. Beaumont. The selections played by Mrs. Adcock were Pastoral movement (Russell), Voluntary "Piu non vedra" (Marliani), Introductory movement from "Benedictus" (12th Mass) (Mozart), Voluntary on solo stops (Haydn), "Hymn of Eve" (Arne), March (Abraham) (Molique) . . .

"DEATHS", The Australian Star (6 December 1890), 1 

ADCOCK. - November 28, at Cootamundra, in her 70th year, Marianne Eliza, relict of the late St. John Adcock, and formerly organist for many years at St. Paul's Church, Redfern. Deeply regretted.

Published musical works:

La favorita polka (1857)

La favorita polka [after Donizetti] arranged by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857, repr. after 1858])

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1857), 4 

In the Press, La Favorita Polka, by Mrs. Adcock . . . J. R. CLARKE, 205, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1857), 1 

NEW and ORIGINAL POLKAS - Published THIS DAY, each embellished with a beautiful pictorial title-page, designed by Mr. J. T. Gill. - The Royal Charlie Polka, by Packer; The Eglantine Polka, by Stanley; La Favorita Polka, by Mrs. St. John Adcock. Each 3s., post free, 3s. 2d. J R. CLARKE, 305, George-street.

An earlier polka version of the same tune from Donizetti's La favorita was that arranged by Henry C. Watson (US edition 1849); Adcock was probably following an English edition by Charles Coote (1856).

Associated musical publications:

Annie Laurie (as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock) (3 editions) 

Annie Laurie, Scotch ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [by 1855])

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; curiously, there is no specific record of Adcock singing this song in public, though there are occasions on which she might (for instance, in Joseph Dyer's lecture on ancient British ballads in 1855); the widespread commercial dissemination of Alicia Scott's setting dates to the early 1850s; the Woolcott and Clarke edition was almost certainly the first Australian edition, pirated from an unidentified London print original.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1855), 5 

NEW MUSIC - Just published . . . THE POPULAR Scotch Ballad, Annie Laurie, price 2s. 6d., as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock. WOOLCOTT and CLARKE.

Annie Laurie, a favorite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. Moore, [? 1855/6]) (also an (?earlier) Woolcott & Clarke edition, 1855)

Probably a pirate edition, newly engraved, but copied from Woolcott and Clarke's edition above

Annie Laurie, Scotch ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [after 18]) 

Almost certainly from the same plates as Woolcott and Clarke's edition above

ADDISON, Thomas Plummer (Thomas Plummer ADDISON; Mr. T. P. ADDISON)

Amateur flautist, member of Adelaide Choral Society

Born England, c. 1805
Married Eliza Mary Calxton TOURNER (1807-1879), St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London, England, 20 February 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 October 1838 (immigrant per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 January 1878, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ADDISON, Arthur Richman (Arthur Richman ADDISON)

Amateur pianist

Born Adelaide, SA, 17 May 1842
Died Ororoo, SA, 29 July 1915


Marriages solemnized in the parish of Saint Bride in the city of London, in the year 1830; LLondon Metropolitamn Archive 

Thomas Plummer Addison of this parish bachelor and Eliza Mary Claxton Tourner of this parish spinster
. . . this twentieth day of February [1830] . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY', Adelaide Times (26 February 1849), 2 

. . . Bishop's "Echo" song, from the Slave, was delightfully given by Mrs. Murray, accompanied on the flute very tastefully by Mr. Addison. This was also deservedly encored . . .

MUSIC: either Echo song (Bishop), or Mocking bird song (Bishop, from The slave)

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgiana Murray (soprano vocalist)

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (27 February 1849), 2 

The Choral Society's Concert on Friday evening went off more brilliantly than its most sanguine supporters could have expected . . . The Echo song was well sung by Mrs. Murray; and the flute obligato given with much taste by Mr. Addison . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (28 May 1849), 1 

List of Subscribers' Names: . . . T. P. Addison, Esq. . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

INSTRUMENTAL. Conductor - Mr. Wallace . . . Flutes - Messrs. Addison, Keidel, and Clisby . . . On Friday Evening, 19th of July, 1850 . . .

"CONCERT", Adelaide Times (1 August 1850), 3 

The Concert of the Adelaide Choral Society took place, yesterday evening, in the New Exchange, but owing to the roughness of the weather the attendance was very limited, there being only one hundred and twenty persons present, including, however, His Excellency, Lady Young, Bishop Short, and a large proportion of the elite. The music, in general, was very good. The first overture, and glee, and chorus, gave entire satisfaction . . . Addison's solo on the flute was deservedly applauded . . . The Symphony from Haydn was creditably played, but the audience seemed to consider its length rather tedious. In the second piece of the second part, the flute obligato was given well by Addison, and Mrs. Murray's singing was better than usual . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (30 January 1855), 3 

The annual meeting of the Adelaide Choral Society was held last evening at Green's Exchange, Mr. T. P. Addison in the chair . . . The officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: - President, Dr. Wyatt; Vice-President, C. Mann, Esq.; Treasurer, Mr. Smyth; Librarian, Mr. Mitchell; Secretary, Mr. Snaith; Auditors, Messrs. Whitington and Thomas; Committee, Messrs. Addison, Rodemann, Rainsford, Spiller, Dr. Cotter, Dr. Sholl, Messrs. Thompson, Lower, and C. Mitchell . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (28 March 1856), 3 

The annual general meeting of the subscribers and members of this Society was held yesterday evening in the Exchange, Mr. Whitington in the chair . . . Dr. Wyatt was re-elected President; Mr. G. Stevenson was requested to act as Vice-President; Mr. Smyth, Treasurer; Mr. Allen and Mr. Hunt, Librarians; Mr. W. Thompson, Secretary; Mr. Whitington and Mr. D. Harwood, Auditors; and Messrs. Addison, Clisby, Lower, C. Mitchell, J. Mitchell, Rainsforth, Harris, Bettridge, Sholl, and Rodemann were appointed the Committee . . .

"LINGER MEMORIAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 July 1863), 2 

The first rehearsal of music for the Linger Memorial Concert took place on Tuesday evening, at the South Australian Institute, at which above fifty performers, vocal and instrumental, attended, under the conductorship of Mr. L. Norman. Amongst the instrumentalists present we noticed Messrs. R. B. White, S. Mocatta, and T. P. Addison . . .

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", South Australian Register (26 September 1864), 5 

. . . A glee by five gentleman and two lady amateurs was next given, followed by a duet, "Deh! con te li Preudi," on the piano and flute, by Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison, each of which pieces elicited applause . . . Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison gave another duet, "Ecco il Pegus," on the piano and flute.

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (15 January 1878), 4 

ADDISON. - On the 14th January, 1878, at his residence Hurtle-square, Adelaide, Thomas Plummer Addison, in the 74th year of his age.

Bibliography and resources:

The Old Colonists Banquet group: Thomas Plummer Addison [B 47769/19D], photograph, State Library of South Australia 

"Arthur Addison", Wikipedia 

ADDISON, Glentworth Walsh Frazer (Glentworth ADDISON; Mr. G. ADDISON)

Songwriter, composer, ? amateur vocalist, ? amateur orchestral player

Born Manchester, England, 22 April 1831; son of Henry Robert ADDISON (1804-1876) and Mary VOKES (1811-1832)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 December 1852 (per Carnatic, from London via Plymouth, 21 September)
Married (1) Ellen CAMPBELL (1839-1880), Clifton Station, New England, NSW, 8 January 1862
Married (2) Sarah Wilhelmina WALSH (1848-1928), NSW, 1882
Died Hunters Hill, NSW, 17 November 1903, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Glentworth Addison, c. 1860s


Addison was associated with the Melbourne Herald in 1854. He is known to have published two songs. No copy has yet been identified of his ballad, Heartsease, published in Sydney in January 1858, to words by "Geraldine", and dedicated by the composer to Mrs. Mary Hanbury.

His second setting, of words by Henry Halloran, was Lost Marguarite. It appeared in James Fussell's Australian musical bouquet in February 1861, a simple and pretty melody which, as it survives, was "arranged for the composer" by Edwin Cobley, the Bouquet's editor.

Addison was much later, in the late 1890s, an active committee member of the Sydney Amateur Orchestal Society.


"YASS", Freeman's Journal (28 September 1895), 18 

The concert held in the Mechanics Institute in aid of Catholic school purposes was in every way a perfect success . . . Dr. Doolan and Mr. Glenworth Addison then gave a duet, "Tell her I love her so' . . . Mr. G. Addison followed with "The Gauntlet" . . .

NOTE: This was his son Glentworth Addison (1864-1932)

"SYDNEY AMATEUR ORCHES-TRAL SOCIETY", Evening News (21 May 1898), 4 

The committee of the Orchestral Society held its monthly meeting yesterday, Mr. Glentworth F. Addison, S.M., presiding. There were also present: Miss E. M. Woolley, Signor Hazon, G. Rivers Allpress, C. S. Cape, C. M. Deane, and H. N. Southwell . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1903), 8

DEATHS. ADDISON. - November 17, 1903, at his residence, Doonbah, Hunter's Hill, Glentworth Walsh Fraser, late senior stipendiary magistrate, Sydney, eldest son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H.R. Addison, formerly 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays), aged 72 years.

"Obituary. MR. G. W. F. ADDISON", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (19 November 1903), 2

After a well-spent life of 72 years, Mr. Glentworth Walsh Fraser Addison, late senior stipendary magistrate of Sydney, passed peacefully away at Sydney on Tuesday evening. The deceased gentleman, who was one of the best known figures in the city, was a son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H. R. Addison, of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). His son Mr. G. Addison, is the present Clerk of Petty Sessions at Bathurst. In 1850, just about the time of the Victorian gold rush, he, then a young man, arrived in the southern State. After a few years spent there he came to Sydney and entered the Lands Department, and was subsequently transferred to the northern district, being appointed Sub-Gold Commissioner . . . Mr. Addison was the oldest living relative of the poet Addison, his grandfather, Judge Addison, British Resident of Borea (India) being the heir-at-law and collateral relative of the poet.

"Death of Mr. G. W. F. Addison", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (25 November 1903), 1369 

Musical works:

Heartsease (1858)

Heartsease, a ballad (words: "Geraldine") (Sydney: Sandon, [1858])


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1858), 6 

HEARTSEASE, a new song, Published THIS DAY, words by Geraldine. SANDON and CO., George-st. . . .
JUST OUT, HEARTSEASE, a Ballad. F. MADER, stationer, George-street.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 February 1858), 6 

JUST PUBLISHED, price 2s., HEARTSEASE, a Ballad. The Words by Geraldine. Composed and dedicated to Mrs. M. Hanbury, by Glentworth Addison. JOHN L. SHERRIFF, 280, George-street, and all Booksellers.

Lost Marguarite (1861)

Lost Marguarite; words by Henry Halloran, Esq., music by Glentworth Addison, arranged for the composer by E. H. Cobley (Sydney: James C. Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian musical bouquet) 

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1861), 5 

The January number of the Australian Musical Bouquet - a collection of popular songs, operatic airs, &c., for the voice and the pianoforte, edited by Mr. Edwin H. Cobley, professor of music, Glebe Point Road, has been published by the proprietor, Mr. James C. Fussell, of Prince-street. The contents are:- A Volunteer Polka Mazurka, composed by the editor, Mr. Cobley; and a new Song, "Lost Marguerite," [sic] words by Mr. Henry Halloran, and music by Mr. Glentworth Addison. The third and last piece of music in this number (very neatly engraved by Mr. Engel) is a Christmas Hymn, as sung at Christ Church , in this city. The music and poetry of this elegant little serial are colonial; the whole thing is very prettily got up, and the price reasonable.

"MUSICAL", Empire (5 March 1861), 5 

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Empire (5 March 1861), 4 

. . . It contains . . . Lost Marguerite [sic], the poetry by Mr. Halloran and the music by Mr. Glentworth Addison . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Glentworth Walsh Fraser Addison", Find a grave 

Autobiographical notes; Glentworth Walsh Frazer Addison [Family history] 

I was born in Manchester on 22nd April 1831. My father was at that time adjutant of the 2nd Dragoon Guards ("The Bays") who were quartered in Hulme (Cavalry) Barracks and I was born there. My earliest recollections are not of Manchester but of Limerick, Ireland where I was taken at a very early age. My grandfather T. P. Vokes Chief Magistrate of County of Limerick and I lived with him for ten or twelve years. Some of my relatives were connected with the Royal Navy and by their influence I was nominated to "H.M.S. Queen", the biggest and best ship in the Service. My grandfather's clerk took me over post haste from Limerick to Portsmouth but much to my disappointment my age was found to be over the limit for appointment to the Navy (although I had passed the necessary entrance examination). I then returned to Limerick, but shortly afterwards went to my Father at Bruges in Belgium. From there I was sent to school at Brussels. It was an English school, Mr. Williams a Welshman being the master. I remained there for a few years, my brother George being with me and I then returned to Bruges. In the meantime my grandfather T. P. Vokes (who had retired from his position as P.M. Limerick) came to live in Brussels and my aunt, Annie Vokes, soon afterwards married Count Alfred Is. Bylandt formerly Governor of Brussels. My father had a friend who had some influence with the management of the Great Seraing Ironworks at Liege and I was employed there for a few months. About 4000 people were employed in the Works but there was only one other Englishman besides myself. I had no taste for engineering although I spent a very happy time at Liege. Howsoever, my Patron who got me the opportunity died, and I therefore decided to go to London where my father was living. For a time I was employed in the firm of Moffatt & Coy. Tea Merchants, London. Mr. Moffatt was M.P. for Dartmouth and the largest Tea Firm in England. However, the discovery of gold in Australia made me restless and I decided to join the many thousands flocking to the Antipodes. After getting a large outfit together I joined the ship "Carnatic" at Plymouth and sailed to Melbourne where I arrived just before Xmas 1852 after a ninety days voyage. I had joined a party of 4 or 5 others on board ship and we had determined to go together to the goldfields. There were 4 Scotchmen and one Swiss in the party. We had a large tent which we first pitched in Canvas Town in the heart of the city of Melbourne. There were thousands of tents round us - people from all parts of the world. All classes, but at Canvas Town all equal - At night revolvers going off on all sides to show prowlers that each man was armed, - a kind of warning to possible thieves. My old friends the Terrys (Mrs. Terry a daughter of my fathers friend Capt. Hunter) were in Melbourne at this time and I saw a great deal of them. Mr. Terry was a merchant. Our party soon started for the Fields, our destination being Castlemaine. We walked all the way and had a dray for the baggage. Thousands on the road - a regular procession. Started digging at Castlemaine on 1st January 1853 (New Year's Day) "fossicking" old ground. Did fairly well. After a few months however Mr. Terry wrote me from Melbourne asking me to join him in his office, I decided to do so and returned to Melbourne for that purpose. I remained for some months with Mr. Terry until his health failed and he returned to England. By his influence I received a position in the office of the Melbourne Herald then owned by Mr. Archibald Michie (afterwards Sir Archibald) and Mr. Morse. (Both partners being very kind to me.) I remained in the Herald office a few years but was persuaded to join my cousins the Emmotts in Sydney. Mr. Emmott had arrived from England some time before and was in the Customs Office Sydney. I was temporarily employed for a short time in the Customs and then received an appointment in the Department of Lands whence I was appointed sub Gold Commissioner at Tooloom near the borders of Queensland and N.S.W. I was afterwards appointed Asst. Gold Commr. at Ironbark and Bingara, then at Rocky River, Uralla and eventually Chief Gold Commr. Northern Goldfields (N.B. an exceptionally rapid promotion) Headquarters Armidale. . .

"Glentworth Walsh Frazer Addison", Flickr 

ADNEY, Marcus Leopold (Marcus Leopold ADNEY)

Composer, songwriter

Born Wareham, Dorset, England, 1853 (fourth quarter)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1899-1900
Died Sydney, NSW, 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1881, England census; Lancashire, Wavertree; UK National Archives, PRO RG 11/3717 

Salisbury Terrace / Marcus L. Adney / Head / 27 / Book keeper / [born] Lancashire Wareham
Harriet [Adney] / Wife / 31 / - / Middlesex Stepney
Ada [Adney] / Dau. / 1 / Lancashire . . .
Leopold A. Adney / Son / 5 months . . .

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (21 March 1899), 8

We have received from the composer and author, Marcus Leopold Adney, the Australian National anthem entitled "Rise Australia." The verses are set to a simple and tuneful melody, and are of the usual patriotic type, Australia being told to rise, or wake, or advance, or to hail, or generally exert herself. However, it is not fair to criticise patriotic songs, and the verses in question are quite equal to the late effusion by the Marquis of Lorne. We might suggest an alteration in the lines "Sunny land of f golden spires, tempered by volcanic fires;" as it reads as though the golden spires had been tempered in the crater of an active volcano. On the whole we must compliment Mr. Adney on his musical and poetical production.

"MUSIC", Sunday Times (26 March 1899), 2 

A copy of an Australian national Anthem, entitled "Rise! Australia," - words and music by Marcus Leopold Adney - is to hand. It is of the usual order of patriotic songs, and is an average specimen of the same.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1900), 4

[News], Evening News (5 July 1900), 7 

Mr. Marcus Leopold Adney, of 115 Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, recently forwarded a copy of his new poem "Tom Daring," dedicated to the memory of the fallen at the war, to her Gracious Majesty the Queen. He has now received an intimation from the private secretary to the Governor that his Excellency is in receipt of a dispatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies stating that her Majesty was graciously pleased to receive it. The poem, it may be stated, is set to the music of "Tom Bowling." This is the second occasion on which Mr. Adney has been favored with a mark of the Royal condescension. He has offered to donate 500 copies of the song, to be sold on behalf of the "Evening News" Patriotic Fund.


Rise! Australia (Australian national anthem written and composed by Marcus Leopold Adney) (Sydney: Andrews & Cook, 1899) 

Heroes of Mafeking (Sydney: John Sands, printer, [1900])

Tom Daring, to the tune of Tom Bowling 

MUSIC: For Dibden's tune, as arranged by Jules Riviere, see Tom Bowling

Bibliography and resources:

"Marcus Leopold Adney", AustLit

ADOLPHE, Monsieur & Madame (Monsieur ADOLPHE; Madame ADOLPHE)

Actors, dancers, ? vocalists (Charriere's company)

Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1842
Departed NSW, by end of June 1842 (for Batavia) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Mons. and Madame Charriere; François and Madame Minard; Joseph and Madame Gautrot; John and Eliza Bushelle; Foreign Operatic Company 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 February 1842), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 March 1842), 1 

"OLYMPIC", The Australian (3 March 1842), 2 

Mons. and Madame Gautrot take their benefit at this establishment tonight. The bill of fare is certainly very attractive. There are two French operettas . . . Madame Gautrot . . . appears, assisted by Mons. and Madame Charriere, the Adolphes, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 March 1842), 1 

Monsieur and Madame Gautrot
HAVE the honour to announce to the gentry of Sydney and its neighbourhood, and the public generally, that having taken the Theatre for
THIS EVENING, March 3, 1842, and having procured the assistance of several professional ladies and gentlemen, they have made arrangements for their
to take place this Evening ; when they trust that the novelty and variety of the entertainments will ensure them a portion of that patronage which the public has so liberally bestowed upon them.
Monsieur Gautrot begs also to intimate that
Monsieur and Madam Adolphe
will make their first appearance before a Sydney public on this occasion, in French popular characters; also that
Monsieur and Madame Charriere
will make their first appearance on the Olympic Stage on that occasion.
The entertainments will commence with a laughable opera, in one act, in the French language, called
Cavatini (Italian Singer) - Mr. Jacobs
Benini (his confidential servant) - M. Adolphe
Barbeau (tailor) - M. Charriere
Celestine (his daughter) - Mad. Gautrot. . .
To conclude with a French Vaudeville in One Act, called
Which will be performed as at the Grand Theatre in Paris.
Remi (Capt. of the Gend'armes) - Un Amateur
Anatole (Dancing Master) - Mons. Charriere
Isidore - Mons. Adolphe
Madame Remi - Mad. Adolphe
Madame Durand (Porter) - Mad. Gautrot.
Baptistine - Mad. Charriere.
The scene is supposed to take place at M. Anatole's, Dancing Master . . .

FIRST PIECE (as 1839 above): Le bouffe et le tailleur (opéra comique, words by Armand Gouffé and Villiers; music by Pierre Gaveaux, 1804)

FINAL PIECE: Les gants jaunes, vaudeville en un acte, par M. Bayard, représenté pour la première fois, a Paris, sur le Théatre national du Vaudeville, le 6 mars 1853 ([Paris]: [Barba], 1835) (DIGITISED)

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Herald (2 May 1842), 2 

A new theatrical company has been formed in Sydney under the title of the "Foreign Operatic Company;" the principal performers are, Mr. and Mrs. Charriere, Mr. and Mrs. Gautrot, Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, and Mr. Adolphe, with the two Brazilian Girls from the Olympic. They intend to give performances in the saloon of the Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (3 May 1842), 3 

Under the distinguished Patronage of his Excellency Lieutenant General SIR MAURICE O'CONNELL, K.C.B.
THE ARTISTS of the FOREIGN OPERATIC and DRAMATIC COMPANY respectfully announce that, having obtained a License, from the Honorable the Colonial Secretary, they have at considerable expense fitted up the Lower Saloon of the ROYAL HOTEL as a Theatre where they will produce a series of the best French and Italian Musical Compositions, and the choicest Dramatic Pieces of the Parisian Theatres. By the valuable accession of MR. and MRS. BUSHELLE, as well as that of several distinguished Amateurs, a hope may be reasonably entertained that these performances will not be unworthy of the continued patronage of the Australian gentry and public. Trusting that the refined amusement to be derived from them in the first instance will be duly appreciated, the Managers earnestly appeal to the parents and guardians of the youth of Sydney to give, by the prompt and sustained extension of their patronage, an irresistible impulse to the study of languages and music on a legitimate principle, recognised in the present day. The utmost care will be taken to keep the Theatre strictly select by an uniform price of admission, and a rigid surveillance of the visitors. His Excellency Lieutenant General Sir Maurice O'Connell, K.C.B., having signified his intention of being present, the first representation will take place on
WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1842, and will consist of the truly laughable Vaudeville,
Remi, a retired captain of gens d'armerie - Mr. Bushelle
Anatole, a dancing master, a great coward, and always on the move - Mons. Charriere
Madame Durand, an old chattering and mischief making gossip - Mdme. Gautrot
Madame Remi, a much injured and falsely suspected woman - Mrs. Bushelle
Baptistine, a young milliner slightly infected by the green-eyed monster - Mdme.Chartiere
Isidore, cousin of Madame Remi - Mons. Adolphe.
Pas de Zephyre Dance, par Mdmselle. Emilia.
This piece will be followed by the much admired Comic Opera,
Cavatini, an Italian Buffo - Mr. Bushelle
Barbeau, a music-mad tailor, wished to exchange coats for notes - Mons. Charriere
Celestine, an ingenuous milliner, possessed of considerable musical talent - Mrs. Bushelle
Benini, confidant of Cavatini, and very confident of his own powers of pleasing the fair sex - Mons. Adolphe . . .
The evening's amusements will terminate by the admired Vaudeville, interspersed with songs, duets, and choruses, called
Coquardon, a retired restaurateur and great lover of music - Mr. Bushelle
Irene, his daughter - Mdme. Charriere
Leriset, a pianoforte tuner, and misanthropist through having lost his wife and his umbrella - Mons. Charriere
Philibert du Bouage, director of concerts in the open air - Mons. Adolphe
Honore Maillard, nephew to Coquardon, and in love with Irene - Amateur . . .
By permission of Col. French, K.H., the excellent
BAND OF THE 28TH REGIMENT will be in attendance . . .

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Australasian Chronicle (5 May 1842), 2 

The first performance of this company was given last evening, and, making due allowance for unavoidable deficiencies, may be said to have gone off well. The chief faults were in the selection, and the extreme length of the performances, caused by the interpolation of songs unconnected with the pieces, and the great delay between the parts. The first piece, Remi, is contemptible at best, and not very delicate. For instance, Mlle. Baptistine, when discovered issuing from Anatole's chambre a coucher, answers quite naivement, "ce n'est pas la premiere fois." The Buffo Singer is a piece of far different character. It contains much wit and some good music. The part of Barbeau was admirably performed by M. Charriere, who also represented the itinerant accordeur des pianos in the subsequent piece with much humour. Madame Gautrot and M. Adolphe were very happy in some things, and Mrs. Bushelle's excellent singing atoned for her bad French. We shall be glad to notice any improvement in the next selection, as well as any additions that may be made to the corps dramatique and the scenery.

"THE FRENCH THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (6 May 1842), 2 

About two hundred persons assembled in the saloon at the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday evening, to witness the performance of the little company which has been formed of French and Italian performers. Charriere is inimitable here, and Madame Charriere will make an excellent actress; Madame Gautrot was not in voice; Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle did well, but theirs was not "French," - the singing, however was good; the two young gentlemen, Adolphe and the amateur, want practice.

THIRD PIECE: Ma femme et mon parapluie, vaudeville en un acte, par M. Laurencin . . . (Bruxelles: Neirinckx et Laurel, 1835) (DIGITISED)

"THEATRE FRANCAIS", Australasian Chronicle (24 May 1842), 3 

We were much gratified by the foreign company's performance last evening. The pieces were better selected and shorter than on the previous evening. There was an important addition to the scenery, and upon the whole the acting was better. Mons. Charriere displayed a great deal of humour in the character of Christophe; and his Barbeau was inimitable. Madame Charriere's performance is also tasteful; and there is a gentlemanlike reality about Mons. Adolphe which is better than mere acting . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 June 1842), 2 

LOWER SALOON OF THE ROYAL HOTEL. UNDER THE SPECIAL PATRONAGE OF HIS EXCELLENCY, THE GOVERNOR, AND LADY GIPPS, and His Excellency SIR MAURICE O'CONNELL, K.C.B. Who have been pleased to signify their intention of honouring the performance with their Attendance. The Last Performance of the Foreign Operatic Company, Will take place THIS DAY, June 15th, 1842. The Pieces selected will be the well known sentimental Drama, entitled, PAUVRE JACQUES, interspersed with Songs, Duets, &c. Mons. Jacques, an old Musician, richer in Musical than Bank-notes, Mons. Charriere; Marcel, a young Poet, more favoured by the Muses than by Plutus, Mons. Adolphe; Bernard, a rich proprietor, a would be Composer, and great lover of Music, and just honest enough not to get hanged, Mr. Bushelle; Amelia, a young Italian Lady, Madame Charriere; Antoine, her faithful servant, An Amateur. Between the Pieces A CONCERT . . . The Evening's Entertainments will conclude with the highly comic and laughable Piece, called the EXTEMPORISED FAMILY. Characters - Hamelin, a Gentleman more remarkable for riches than wit. - Monsieur Adolphe . . . BAND of the 80th Regiment will attend . . .

FIRST PIECE: Le pauvre Jacques, comédie-vaudeville en un acte par M.M. Coignard frères, représenté pour la première fois, a Paris, sur le Théatre Du Gymnase-Dramatique, le 15 septembre 1835 (Paris: Chez Marchant, 1853) (DIGITISED)

See also Le pauvre Jacques: a vaudeville, in one act (translated from the French,) by Richard Ryan (London: John Cumberland, [? 1836]) (DIGITISED)

SECOND PIECE: La famille improvisée, scènes épisodiques par M. Henry Monnier (Paris: Barba, 1831) (DIGTISED)

[Advertisement], Javasche courant (5 October 1842), 

THÉATRE FRANÇAIS. Vendredi 7 Octobre 1842.
La compagnie Française sous la direction de M. MINARD . . LES MEUNIERS; OU, LES RENDEZ-VOUS NOCTURNES, Ballet-Pantomime en 2 actes, de M. Blache.
Au premier acte: ALLEMANDE COMIQUE, dansée par MM. Carrel, Adolphe et Mlle. Péroline.
Un PAS DE TROIS, demi-character, dansé par M. Adolphe, Mlle. Péroline et Mme. Adolphe.
Deuxième acte: Un Grand PAS DE DEUX, dansé par M. Murat et Mlle. Péroline.
GALOPS, par MM. Adolphe , Murat, Carrel, Mlle. Péroline et Mme. Adolphe . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Pellinor, 1999), 47


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"THEATRES", The Star (4 November 1856), 2

Our reporter being unable to obtain admission at the Montezuma last night, writes - Proceeding outwards to the Celestial entertainment we met with a more benign reception. The great attraction of the evening was the performance of six Chinese upon certain musical instruments. The number of persons present was about 2000, there being a great muster of Celestials. The principal performers were O-Wai and A-Fou, but what particular instruments they played we are at a loss to say. Out of the six musicians three performed on what bears some remote resemblance to an English violin; the bow used being somewhat similar to that used with a violincello. Two others performed on instruments played in the same fashion as a guitar, and the sixth had a small basket placed before him, fixed on three pieces of wood, which was evidently meant to represent a drum. This basket the performer beat with two very small drumsticks occasionally accompanying the action by singing. To say that these six Chinese "discoursed most eloquent music", would be to make a great mistake, as the sound produced reminded us of certainly nothing terrestrial which we ever heard before. The novelty of this entertainment drew a large company, together, but the music was far too peculiar to be generally appreciated.

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Argus (5 November 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Star (30 November 1856), 3

3,500 MANDARIN LIGHTS; ALSO Revolving Ching-hais, Dragons, &c., &c.
THE CELEBRATED CHINESE MUSICIANS, O-Wai and A-Fou, Principal Musicians to the O-ho of Tibet, Lassa, will perform SOLOS, DUETS, &c. During the evening on the KAI-PI! and HUC-MUC! . . .

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Perth Gazette (16 January 1857), 4

AGNES, Marion (Marion AGNES; Miss AGNES)

Theatrical dancer, actor (active Sydney, NSW, 1856)

= Agnes BOOTH

AGNEW, John (John AGNEW)

Musician, bandsman (96th Regiment), bandmaster (St. Joseph's Band, 1845-49), Drum-major (96th Regiment)

Born Dundalk, Louth, Ireland, c. 1813/14
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1841 (per Asia, via Hobart Town)
Married Maria DRYAN (c. 1825-1882), Launceston, VDL (TAS), 2 January 1846
Departed Launceston, (VDL) TAS, 6 February 1849 (per General Hewit, for India)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, c. 1855
Died East Maitland, NSW, 12 October 1892, aged 78 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also Band of the 96th regiment

See also St. Joseph's Band

AGNEW, James Vincent (James Vincent AGNEW; James V. AGNEW)

Bandsman, amateur musician

Born Lahore, India, c. 1854; son of John AGNEW and Maria DRYAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1855
Married Ada NOTT, Maitland, NSW, 1877
Died West Maitland, NSW, 28 June 1919, aged "65" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1846, marriages in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:837657; RGD37/1/5 no 425A$init=RGD37-1-5p242 

No. 64 /Jan'y 2nd 1846 York St chapel Launceston / John Agnew /30 / Private 96th Reg't
Maria Dryan / 21 / Spinster / Married in the Baptist Chapel according to the rites and ceremonies of the Congregationalists by Henry Dowling Baptist Minister . . .

"LOCAL. Mark of Respect", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (19 July 1848), 3 

On Tuesday evening last the young men who compose the band of the St. Joseph's Society held a ball, &c., at the Music Hall, Collins-street, in order to raise funds to present Mr. Agnew, of the 96th band, with some slight mark of respect, for the great trouble he has taken in instructing them in playing the various instruments. The Hall was well filled with highly respectable people, who appeared greatly amused and delighted at the very clever manner in which the young men performed some fine tunes. Dancing was kept up to about 12 o'clock, when the Company broke up. We are also happy to state that the Vicar-General, on Thursday last, at the weekly meeting of the St. Joseph's T. A. S., proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Agnew, for his zeal in instructing the young men forming the instrumental band to become proficients. These marks of respect must be highly satisfactory to Mr. Agnew, to which we are satisfied he is justly entitled, for we have witnessed on various occasions the great pains Mr. Agnew has always taken with the band to instruct them on the various instruments.

"96TH REGIMENT", The Courier (30 July 1855), 2 

The Head Quarters of this regiment were in Dublin in April. The gallant band is only about 300 strong.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1872), 1

On the 23rd instant, MARIA JUSTINA, wife of W. B. S. O'GRADY, Public school teacher, Monkittie, daughter of Drum-Major John Agnew, late of H.M. 96th Regiment.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (22 April 1882), 4 

AGNEW. - Died, on the 14th instant, at her residence, East Maitland, Maria, the dearly beloved wife of John Agnew, late Drum Major of Her Majesty's 96th regiment, aged 53 and 7 months, leaving a husband and large family to mourn their loss. Launceston papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 1

AGNEW. - On the 12th October, at his residence, Melbourne-street, East Maitland, after a long and painful illness, John Agnew, aged 78 years, late of H.M. 96th Regiment; also many years of the N. S. W. Police force. Launceston papers please copy.

"THE LATE JOHN AGNEW", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 4

Our obituary in last issue contained the name of John Agnew. Mr. Agnew had for many years been lockup keeper in East Maitland, but at the time of his death was living on the pension well-earned by attention to duty. He was one of the worthiest of the older police force that we have known; always courteous, punctilious in the discharge of duty, and precise and regular in his ways, as became a man whose army training had left an impress on his manners and formed his habits. A good old man has gone to his rest. The following particulars of Mr. Agnew's career will not be without interest. He enlisted in the 96th Regiment and served nearly thirty years, including eight years of service as a boy. He served in England, Ireland and Scotland, in Halifax, Jamaica, East India and Norfolk Island. He was in New South Wales with a detachment of his regiment early in the forties - when the military were required to control the convicts. He went thence to Launceston, where in 1845 he formed the oldest brass band in Australia - St. Joseph's Brass Band, which is still in existence. From Launceston he went to East India, where he remained until he left the army on a pension and with a long service and good conduct medal. In 1855 he returned to New South Wales, where he joined the police force in 1857. He was stationed four years in Largs and 21 years in East Maitland, till he was pensioned in 1882.

"ST. JOSEPH'S BAND. FIFTY YEARS' HISTORY", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1895), 3

. . . St. Joseph's Band was formed in July, 1845, in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, and may therefore be said to be the oldest association of its character in the colonies . . . The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, Andrew Skate, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch.

"Death of Mr. J. Agnew", The Maitland Mercury (28 June 1919), 4

. . . Born in Lahore, India, the late Mr. Agnew arrived in Australia with his parents when only a few years of age. He followed the occupation of a carpenter and joiner, and for a number of years was employed by James Wolstonholme, Limited. He was one of the founders of the Maitland Federal Band, in which he always took a great interest, and was well-known in musical circles generally . . .

"The World's Oldest Band Celebrates Its Centenary", Examiner (25 August 1945), 11

. . . The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were: Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, William Robins, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The first president was the late Rev. Dean Thomas Butler. Subsequently Mr. Joseph Galvin, John Galvin, Thomas J. Doolan, John L. Doolan, James Doolan, and Michael Doolan became members of the band. When Mr. John Agnew left with his regiment for India he was succeeded by Mr. Michael Dillon, solo clarionet player of the 11th Regiment Band, and after him Drum-Major C. W. Allen [sic], who had retired from the 96th Regiment, and remained in Launceston. Mr. Allen was the father of the late Mr. C. W. Allen, who was for many years a member of the Westbury Council, and for a term a member of the House of Assembly . . .

Bibliography and resources:

The cyclopedia of Tasmania: an historical and commercial review, volume 2 (Hobart: Maitland and Krone, 1900), 65

. . . It was formed in 1845 in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, the first bandmaster being John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and its original members Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, W. Mainsbridge, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The late Dean Butler was first president of this band . . . Michael Dillon succeeded John Agnew and bandmaster, and he again was followed by Drum-Major Allen . . .


Chinese singer, government interpreter

Active Ballarat, VIC, by late 1850s
Departed c. 1880s (for China) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"VISIT OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR. TO BALLARAT", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (2 September 1863), 2 

. . . The Chinese were loud in their manifestations of loyalty. About one o'clock a large crowd of persons and carriages were observed coming up the Main road. In the front of the cortege was a gaily decorated coach drawn by four horses, in which was a party of Chinese musicians. Then followed six coaches, each drawn by two horses, in which were the leading members of the Chinese community, conspicuous among whom was Mr. Ah Koon, the Chinese interpreter, who, mounted on a grey charger and arrayed in "bell-topper" and black suit, led the cortege. This procession turned by way of Barkly street to Golden Point, with gongs beating and other musical instruments sounding, until its arrival in China Town, where head ruler, and doctors, and interpreters got into some of the carriages. The procession having been reformed, made its way for the railway station, headed by Ah Koon and six horsemen; the noisy band aforesaid appearing to tickle the fancy of the youngsters of the town more especially . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

QUADRILLE BAND, Under the Leadership of Mr. Schraeder.
MISS PILKINGTON, MRS. JAS. BUNCE, MISS LIDDLE, MR. AMERY, And other Ladies and Gentlemen will assist.
MR. AH COON, Chinese Interpreter, has kindly consented to Sing a Comic Song in the Chinese Language, accompanied by full CHINESE BAND.

NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee-Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur, "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (5 June 1866), 5

Hugh Ah Coon, late the Government Chinese interpreter here, was committed to take his trial this morning for assaulting his adopted daughter, Rachel Ah Coon, but was admitted to bail, himself in £200, and two sureties of £100 each.

"A VISIT FROM THE DEAD", The Maitland Mercury (22 July 1871), 2


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863 (shareable link to this entry)



[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

. . . The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak . . .

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

AKHURST, William Mower (William Mower AKHURST; W. M. AKHUST)

Dramatist, lyricist, composer, music critic, journalist

Born London, England, 29 December 1822; son of William AKHURST (1793-1866) and Harriet DICKINSON (c. 1788-1869)
Married Ellen TULLY (c. 1824-1915), St. George's, Bloomsbury, 1845
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 June 1849 (per Posthumous, from London and Plymouth, 13 March)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, July 1854 (per Havilah, from Adelaide, 7 July)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 16 February 1870 (per Kent, for London)
Died on return voyage to Australia, 6/7 June 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

AKHURST, Walter Frederick (Walter Frederick AKHURST; Walter AKHURST; W. AKHURST)

Printer, lithographer, music publisher

Born North Adelaide, SA, 2 January 1854; son of William Mower AKHURST and Ellen TULLY
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 April 1904, aged 50 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

William Mower Akhurst; detail of sketch by Charles Turner for cover of Beautiful swells (1868)

William Mower Akhurst; detail of sketch by Charles Turner for cover of Beautiful swells (1868)


Akhurst was born on 29 December 1822, and first went into business with his father as a linen draper and merchant. He married the actress Ellen Tully, daughter and sister of theatrical musicians, at St. George's, Bloomsbury, on 26 October 1845. The couple and their two children sailed for South Australia in March 1849.

Before leaving England Akhurst had written two pieces that were performed in London at James Ellis's Cremorne Gardens, "A barber's blunders" and "The Bosjesmen", and a vaudeville of the latter title (evidently inspired by appearances in London of troupes of native south African "bushmen") was advertised there in September 1847.

His first three Australian pieces were musical entertainments written in Adelaide for touring composer Sidney Nelson and his family. These were Quite colonial (first performed Adelaide, 29 June 1853), Romance and reality (first performed Adelaide, 28 July 1853), and The rights of woman (first performed Melbourne, 24 July 1854), performed with Nelson, the composer, at the piano, his son Alfred and daughters Marie ("Miss Nelson") and Carry ("Miss C. Nelson") as actor-vocalists.

Akhust came to Melbourne for the July 1854 premiere and decided to stay, his wife and children following him to Victoria in October.

He was evidently highly adept musically, though only put his name to one published composition, The Acacia waltz, in The Illustrated Melbourne Post in March 1864. For the rest, his published play scripts are full of new songs skilfully and often wittily fitted to well-known tunes.

Akhurst's fourth surviving son, Walter, was born in Adelaide in 1854. He worked for several years for Charles Troedel in his lithographic and printing business in Sydney. In May 1881, when Troedel moved to Melbourne, Walter established his own Sydney firm, Walter Akhurst and Co. (also "W. Akhurst and Co."). Over the next 20 years the company published much sheet music in Sydney under its own name, as well as printing for other houses.

Akhurst's brother, Julian James Akhurst (c. 1824-1885) was also in South Australia, working for George Coppin in non-theatrical business pursuits at his Royal Exchange in 1850; he died at Gilgunnia, NSW, in 1885.


1845, marriage solemnized at the parish chruch . . . St. George, Bloomsbury; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 442 / William Mower Akhurst / of full age / Bachelor / Merchant / 33 Upper King Street / [father] William Akhurst / Linen draper
Ellen Tully / of full age / Spinster / Actress / 33 Upper King Street / [father] Thomas Tully / Musician

[Advertisement], London Daily News (13 September 1847), 1

CREMORNE. THIS DAY. - Ascent of the Veteran Green in the Great Nassau Balloon; Parachute with the two celebrated Monkeys, Jocko and Garnerin . . . the Genii of Perpendicular motion; the Vaudeville of Bosjesmen . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (22 June 1849), 2

ARRIVED . . . June 20. The barque Posthumous, 890 tons, B. Davison, from London and Plymouth. Passengers: . . . Wm. Akhurst wife and infant.

"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (4 January 1854), 2 

On the 2nd instant, at North Adelaide, Mrs. W. M. Akhurst, of a son.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1853), 2 

THIS EVENING (Wednesday), June 29, when will be presented, for the first time, an entirely, new and original Musical Farce, written expressly for these Entertainments, entitled "QUITE COLONIAL".
An entirely New and Original Musical Farce, written expressly for these Entertainments, by a gentleman of Adelaide, entitled
(The Music composed by Mr. S. Nelson.)
Mr. Chumley (faster than a married man ought to be, but with a tendency to reformation) - Mr. A. Nelson
Mrs. Chumley (a too confiding wife, worried to death by "those" servants) - Miss Nelson
Fanny Fossick (a cozening young lady, an old colonist) - Miss C. Nelson.
Duet, "What's the Matter, What's the Matter" - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Song, "Dear Australy" - Miss Nelson
Song, "I want a Husband Sadly" - Miss C. Nelson
Finale, "Kind Friends, your voices I entreat" - Miss Nelson, Miss C. Nelson, and Mr. A. Nelson . . .

"THE NELSON FAMILY", Adelaide Times (30 June 1853), 2 

We had the pleasure of attending the sixth entertainment of the Nelson Family at the Exchange yesterday evening, and were, in common with the entire audience, very highly gratified . . . The second part consisted of an entirely new and original musical farce, written expressly for these entertainments, and called "Quite Colonial," the music by Mr. S. Nelson. It is very amusing, and full of good hits. Mr. and Mrs. Chumley, recently arrived from England, are troubled much about servants, and at length a paragon is introduced to them, arrayed in the highest style of over dress, and glorying in most extravagant notions of an "attendant's" importance and immunities. The younger Miss Nelson personated the girl with much spirit. In deed the piece was well acted throughout, and went off so successfully, that the audience, who had been during half the performance convulsed with laughter, called loudly at its conclusion for the author, that he was compelled to appear upon the stage and receive their congratulations. We should suppose the farce will be repeated. It is certainly by far the be3t the Nelson Family have given us.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 July 1853), 2 

For the first time, a new Petite Comedy, written by Mr. W. M. Akhurst, entitled
The Music incidental to the Piece composed, arranged, and selected by Mr. S. Nelson.
Mr. John Dobson (a young gentleman with "expectations," very matter of fact and fond) - Mr. A. Nelson
Mrs. Arabella Vavasour (a youthful Widow and lover of the Ideal) - Miss Nelson
Mary Smithers (her Maid, with her Mistress's interest at heart, and a Dictionary in her pocket) - Miss C. Nelson.
Ballad, "Charming Romance" - Miss Nelson
Song, "I've a plan" - Mr. A. Nelson
Duet, "To old regards appealing" - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Medley, "The trip overland" - Miss C. Nelson
Finale. "Let's put the question to our Friends" - Miss Nelson, Miss C. Nelson, and Mr. A. Nelson.
Mr. S. Nelson will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

"DEAR AUSTRALY", Launceston Examiner (15 October 1853), 4 

As sung by Miss NELSON, in Mr. W. M. Akhurst's musical farce" QUITE COLONIAL."

Dear Australy! although thy face
Is bright with beauty' every hue;
The heart is saddened but anew,
And would thy glowing charms efface.
Like Peri winging through the spheres,
And joying in eternal day;
Yet, banished still, the wanderer's tears
Shall flow for all that life endears,
So many thousand miles away.

Oh! blame me not that still I yearnv For scenes my infancy has known -
For friends whose love was all my own;
That to my native hearth I turn.
The gorgeous sheen of thy blue sky
Thy honest hearts none can gainsay.
No scene, fair land, can with thee vie,
Except that home for which I sigh,
So many thousand miles away.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (12 July 1854), 4 

July 11. - Havilah, 257 tons, James Lowrie, from Adelaide 7th July, and Portland 10th July. Passengers in the cabin . . . Messrs. Wark, Magary, Ackhurst . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 July 1854), 8 

FIRST Night of a New Piece entitled the "Rights of Woman," Mechanics' Institution.
The Nelson Family's Musical Entertainment, this evening, Monday, July 24th, 1854.
Programme . . . Part II.
To conclude with (1st time) an entirely original burletta, by the author of "Quite Colonial," "Romance and Reality," etc. entitled
The music composed and arranged by Mr. S. Nelson.
Human beings.
Julian Vincent - A briefless barrister, out of town for the sake of quiet, and to escape from the sherriff's delicate attention. In the course of the piece his circumstances alter, and he gets up a declaration - Mr. A. Nelson.
Miss Blanche Evans - A strong minded young lady, a pupil of the New Age, and a firm supporter of the "Rights of Woman" - Miss Nelson.
Cora Porks - Waitress at the Hippopotamus Hotel, a lover of oblong chins, and of one Habakkuk, who is invisible - Miss C. Nelson.
A Voice - Supposed to be that of Tap, a sheriff's officer, and which is at first considered foreign to the subject, but eventually contributes to a happy denouement - Miss C. Nelson.
Scene - A chamber on the first floor at the Hippopotamus Hotel, with a perspective view of a shoring beam and of the other side of the way.
Incidental Music.
Recitative and Air - What life as a poor Little Maid - Miss C. Nelson
Song - Woman's Rights - Miss Nelson
Duet - Stay and let me hear my fate - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Duet Medley - There's the Clock and the Cream Jug - Miss C. and Mr. Nelson
Finale - Away with idle fantasies
Mr. S Nelson will preside at the Piano forte . . .

"AUSTRALIAN THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL FUND [Melbourne]", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (18 July 1856), 3 

A meeting of the members of the theatrical and musical professions took place on Saturday afternoon, at Astley's Amphitheatre, for the purpose of considering a series of propositions relative to the establishment of a provident fund, and which had been prepared by a sub-committee appointed at a previous meeting. About thirty gentlemen, principally connected with the several Melbourne theatres, attended, and having nominated Mr. G. H. Rogers their chairman, proceeded to transact the business for which they bad been summoned. The following resolutions were submitted seriatim to the meeting, and, except in one instance, approved of unanimously. Proposed by Mr. Leslie, seconded by Mr. Hancock - That in the opinion of this meeting it is desirable that a society, to be called the Australian General Theatrical and Musical Fund Association, be established in Victoria. Proposed by Mr. Akhurst, seconded by Mr. Lavenu - That the objects of this Association be primarily the furnishing assistance to its members in case of sickness or distress, and that the granting annuities under certain conditions be regarded as one of its ulterior objects, provided the funds of the Association be at any time deemed sufficient to promote so desirable an end . . .

"MR. W. M. AKHURST", The Argus (27 January 1870), 6

Mr. W. M. Akhurst, a gentleman who has been intimately connected with the press and dramatic institutions of this city for the past 10 years, is about to return to England with prospects of increased professional success, and his departure from a community to whose entertainment he has contributed so much calls for more than passing mention. Mr. Akhurst arrived in Adelaide in 1849. His first engagement was on the Gazette and Mining Journal, and he was connected with the South Australian press for some five years. Before leaving England he had written two successful pieces for Cremorne-gardens, one called "A Barber's Blunders," and the other "The Bosjesmen." His first Australian production" for the theatre was a musical vaudeville, written for the Nelson family, called " Quite Colonial." This became very popular, and it was followed by "Romance and Reality," a piece of a similar character, Mr. Nelson composing the music.

Shortly after the gold discoveries Mr. Akhurst came over to Victoria, and for many years held responsible positions on the leading journals of the colony, occasionally producing compositions for the theatre, until at length journalism was almost forsaken for dramatic authorship. He was musical and dramatic critic for the Herald for many years, and filled that position with great ability and credit to himself. His first dramatic composition produced in Melbourne was a vaudeville, played at the Mechanics' Institute, under the title of "Rights of Woman." He then wrote, with Frank Soutten, nephew of Morris Barnett, a partly prose and partly metrical extravaganza called "The Battle of Melbourne," which was suggested by the commotion occasioned by the steamship Great Britain firing guns on her arrival one night while England was at war with Russia. This was played with great success at the old Queen's Theatre, under the lesseeship of Messrs. Chas. Young and J. P. Hydes. Mr. Akhurst next brought out "Rolla of Ours," a burlesque on "Pizarro," and on the opening of the Theatre Royal in July, 1855, he was selected to write the inaugural address. The burlesque extravaganza, "The Mirror of Beauty," followed, and in the same year he produced at the Olympic " L. S. D.," the first original pantomime played in the city. This seems to have been a success, for in nearly every succeeding year Mr. Akhurst was looked to for the Christmas pantomime at one or other of the leading theatres, and the following from his pen have been played in Melbourne, the majority on the boards of the Theatre Royal:- "The Rule of Three," "Whittington and his Cat," "Robin Hood," "Valentine and Orson," "The Arabian Knights," "Jack Horner," "The Last of the Ogres," "Baron Munchausen," "Gulliver," "Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son," "Robinson Crusoe," "The House that Jack Built," and "Jack Sheppard."

Mr. Akhurst was not idle during the intervals between these annual productions. He wrote for the Christy minstrels the burlesques of "Faust,""Masaniello," (since produced in Liverpool with great success), and "L'Africaine." More important than these were the burlesques for the Theatre Royal of "The Siege of Troy," "King Arthur," and "The Battle of Hastings," the two first of which were remarkably successful. Mr. Akhurst has also written a large number of character sketches included in Mrs. Case's entertainment, besides two entertainments for Mr. Farquharson; in addition to which he has adapted to the colonial stage numerous pieces, prominent among which are "The Yellow Dwarf," "The Forty Thieves" (two versions), "Ganem," "The Queen of Beauty," and "Ixion." He is also the author of "The Fall of Sebastopol," an equestrian and spectacular drama in three acts; and a piece de circonstance entitled "Coppin in Cairo."

It is satisfactory to be able to state that Mr. Akhurst's industry has always been rewarded with a very large measure of public approbation. "The Siege of Troy," the year before last, had a run of 150 nights, and "King Arthur" was played uninterruptedly for six weeks. Many of the pieces named have also been played with unvarying success in the neighbouring colonies.

Mr. Akhurst having received promising offers from leading theatrical managers in London has made final arrangements to leave for England early next month, with the view of producing his two most successful burlesques in the British metropolis, and as the Londoners have not been slow to recognise Australian talent in several instances, he may safely be congratulated on the future opening before him of a wider field for the display of his versatile powers as a dramatic author. Mr. Akhurst has always had a peculiar aptitude for burlesque writing, and his excellent taste in music, besides his extensive acquaintance with everything appertaining to the musical art, has contributed much to his success, placing some of his burlesque compositions in order of merit far above the average of such pieces played here after a successful run at home. His departure will create a void in dramatic circles, and for the present there does not seem to be any prospect of his place being supplied. The performances at the Theatre Royal this evening, beginning at a quarter to 8 o'clock, are for Mr. Akhurst's benefit, and his many and long services in the cause of the colonial drama will no doubt secure, as they deserve, a recognition of a very marked character. The programme announced is of a specially interesting kind, Miss Cleveland, Miss Adelaide Bowring, Mr. Coppin, Mr. Rogers, and Mr. Barry O'Neil all giving their services.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . SAILED (HOBSON'S BAY)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 February 1870), 2 

February 16 . . . Kent, ship . . . 1100 tons, H. F. Holt, for London. Passengers - cabin: . . . Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Akhurst and two children . . .

"DEATH OF WILLIAM MOWER AKHURST. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (22 August 1878), 5

SIR - The death of this gentleman once well known in the literary circle of Adelaide and Melbourne deserves a passing notice.
Mr. Akhurst was a pioneer of this colony, and in the older times was reporter and subeditor of the Adelaide Times when James Allen, better known as "Dismal Jemmy" on account of his doleful aspect and lugubrious articles, was the proprietor of that journal, and whose dullness was only relieved by Akhurst's racy leaders. Mr. Akhurst was subsequently editor of the Free Press, which, existed only about six months.
Shortly after the decease of that journal Mr. Akhurst repaired with his family to Melbourne during the feverish height of the gold digging times, where his gifted powers soon obtained him employment on the staff of the Argus, where as journalist and burlesque writer for the stage he remained a popular man for some years.
Latterly in England his witty and ludicrous pantomimes delighted crowded audiences at several of the leading theatres in London. He was again on his return to these colonies, but died on board the Patriarch, sailing vessel, on June 6th last, during her voyage from London to Sydney, some where about the age of 55 or 56.
Old colonists will well remember his genial social qualities, amiable disposition, and kindly nature, that never made an enemy; his infinite jest and ready humor, that used to "set the table in a roar:" and they will give a sigh to the memory of "Poor Akhurst," to whom glad life seemed so sweet and joyous a boon.
I am, &c., J. BOND PHIPSON. August 19th, 1878.

"WILLIAM MOWER AKHURST, BY A. PATCHETT MARTIN", The Herald (23 November 1878), 3 

. . . W. M. Akhurst was born at Brooke street, Grosvenor Square, London, on the 29th December, 1822. Prom his fourteenth to his twenty-sixth year he was engaged in mercantile business - the Manchester trade - in London; but even then his predilection for dramatic writing made itself manifest . . . It seems that in 1847 (he was then 25 years of age) he wrote two farces for Greenwood, manager of Cremorne Gardens, London, the titles of which were, A Barber's Blunders, and The Bosjemans, both of which were played with success that year. How he must have preferred this mere glimpse of theatrical success and notoriety to the most ample rewards of an arduous commercial career. I forgot to say that two years before this he did something that very few of us regard as farcical, viz., took a wife. She being Miss Ellen Tully, whose brother, James H. Tully, was for 14 years conductor at Drury Lane Theatre, and for many years held the same position at Covent Garden Theatre. In 1849, Akhurst, with his wife and young family, sailed for Adelaide in the ship Posthumous, where he arrived on the 20th June of that year . . . In 1853, he and a party of young men walked overland from Adelaide to the Forest Creek diggings, Castlemaine, a pretty stiff journey . . . Akhurst was a gold-digger for five months, with moderate success . . . In 1854, he came down to Melbourne, and was employed on the Argus as reporter, and subsequently as sub-editor for several years. After his arrival in Melbourne, Mr. Akhurst was for many years connected with this journal [The Herald] as subeditor . . .

"OPERA HOUSE. THE AKHURST BENEFIT", The Argus (21 March 1879), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1881), 5

A pleasant gathering took place at the Compagnoni Cafe last night, when Messrs. Charles Troedel and Walter Akhurst, the well-known lithographers and printers, entertained about 50 of their friends at dinner, the occasion of the festivity being the dissolution of partnership between the two hosts. Mr. Troedel will in future carry on business in Melbourne on his own account, and Mr. Akhurst will do the same as far as Sydney is concerned . . . the chairman proposed "The health of Walter Akhurst and Co." He spoke of Mr. Akhurst's many good qualities, and of the faithful manner in which he had worked for Troedel and Co. during the last 16 years. In developing the Sydney branch of the business, Mr. Akhurst had only attained the success which he fully deserved by reason of his business capacity and energy; and he would now be sole proprietor of this Sydney business. (Applause.) He asked those around him to drink "Long life and prosperity to Walter Akhurst and Co." The toast was received with musical honours. Mr. Akhurst, in responding, said that during the sixteen years they had been associated in business, he had found Mr. Troodel a good master, a good partner, and a good fellow altogether, and expressed the hope that he should carry on the business as well as had hitherto been the case . . . During the evening a number of songs were sung very nicely by different guests, Mr. Weber being the accompanist; and nothing marred the harmony of a thoroughly enjoyable reunion.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Daily Telegraph (30 May 1881), 1 

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6

Mr. Walter Akhurst, who tor nearly 25 years had carried on business in the city as a master printer, died yesterday. He was well known in bowling circles, especially in connection with the Balmain Club as skipper of several of the champion rinks in past years. He was one of the founders of the club, and was also a member of the Annandale and other clubs. His health had been falling for some time, and lately he had not been able to take an active part in the game.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6


AKHURST - April 6, at Prince Alfred Hospital, Walter Akhurst, aged 50 years.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1904), 1

AKHURST. - On the 6th April at Sydney, Walter Frederick Akhurst, fourth son of the late William Mower Akhurst.

Musical works (W. M. Akhurst) (digitised):

The Acacia waltz, W. M. Akhurst (in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 March 1864)) (DIGITISED)

Paris the prince, and Helen the fair; or, The giant horse and the siege of Troy! a classical burlesque extravaganza by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: Theatre Royal, 1868) (DIGITISED)

Beautiful swells, celebrated duet, sung by Miss Docy Stewart and Miss Marion Dunn in Mr. W. M. Akhurst's burlesque extravaganza King Arthur, performed at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne (Melbourne: For the author by C. Troedel, [1868]) 

My dear girls she's a pal of mine, duo piquant as sung by Miss Docy Stewart & Miss Marion Dunn in The siege of Troy, the words by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: C. Troedel, [1868]) (DIGITISED)

The house that Jack built; or, Harlequin progress, and the love's laughs, laments and labors, of Jack Melbourne, and Little Victoria; a fairy extravaganza opening to pantomime by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne : H. Cordell, Printer, [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Harlequin Jack Sheppard; or, The disreputable detective, the clever kleptomaniac, and the plot of the piebald goblin; an entirely new and original Xmas pantomime by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: Printed by Abbott and Co., [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Musical publications (Walter Akhurst; W. Akhurst and Co.): (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

"Akhurst, William", in Philip Mennell, The dictionary of Australasian biography (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1892), 6 (DIGITISED),_William

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 124-25

Andrew Lynch, "Marvellous Melbourne's middle ages: the burlesque extravaganzas of W. M. Akhurst", Australian Literary Studies 26/3-4 (2011), 36-53;dn=201208333;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL)

ALBERT, Charles d' (Charles d'ALBERT)

See under D as Charles D'ALBERT

ALCOCK, Edward (Edward ALCOCK; Mr. E. ALCOCK)

General printer, newspaper publisher (The colonial observer)

Born c. 1794
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841; by 1845 as music printer
Died North Brisbane, Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 24 September 1854, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: William Moffitt (publisher); Isaac Nathan (composer); John Dunmore Lang


"THE PETITION", Australasian Chronicle (9 October 1841), 2 

. . . Dr. Lang commences his "Colonial Observer" with an article headed "Academical Education," in which not one word is said about education, though it occupies about five columns. Nobody thinks of calling this a "fraud;" nor is the Doctor called a swindler because he places "James Noble and Edward Alcock," instead of "John Dunmore Lang," upon the imprint . . .

"Supreme Court. CRIMINAL SIDE - THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1843", Australasian Chronicle (8 April 1843), 2 

. . . Edward Alcock, late printer and publisher of the Colonial Observer, appeared upon an information by the Attorney General, charging him with having published a libel against the administration of justice in the colony . . .

"INSOLVENT COURT. FRIDAY . . . IN RE ALCOCK", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1852), 5 

His Honor Mr. Justice Dickinson, on reading the petition of John McCabe, South Brisbane, publican, and accompanying document, granted a rule nisi, returnable on the 22nd proximo, calling upon Edward Alcock, of North Brisbane, printer, to show cause why his estate should not be sequestrated for the benefit of his creditor . . .

"DIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 September 1854), 2 

On Sunday, the 24th instant, at Albert-street, North Brisbane, Mr. Edward Alcock aged 60 years.

Musical publications:

A good black gin, an Australian melody, poet, Lieut. J. W. Dent; composer, I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845) 

[At foot of last page] "Printed by E. Alcock, City Printing Office, Hunter-street, Sydney"; first advertised 24 February 1845

NOTE: The music and text of the print was set in moveable type by Nathan himself, his first print using the music font that he regularly used thereafter.

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1845), 2 

We have received a newly published song, the words by Lieutenant Dent, and the music by Nathan. It is in praise of a black gin, and is as ribald a production as it has been our lot to meet with for a long time. It cannot be admitted into any decent family, and we regret that any of Nathan's music should be arranged to such words.

For documentation on this publication, see:

Bibliography and resources:

Denis Cryle, A social and political history of the press in colonial Queensland 1846-1871 (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1989), 33-35 (DIGITISED)

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 127 (DIGITISED)

"Edward Alcock", "Colonial Observer", AustLit 

ALDERMAN, Valentina Zerbina (Valentina Zerbina GAY; Mrs. R. G. ALDERMAN)

Violinist, orchestra leader, teacher of music

Born Camden, London, England, 1858
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 May 1938 (shareable link to this entry)

ALDERMAN, Eugene Horatio (Eugene ALDERMAN)

Violinist, conductor

Born Norwood, SA, 8 November 1884
Died Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1916 (shareable link to this entry)


"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1884), 4

"STRING QUARTET CLUB'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 October 1885), 6

The fifth concert of the Adelaide String Quartet Club's sixth season was given in the Y.M.C.A. Hall on Thursday afternoon in the presence of a fair audience, including His Excellency the Governor. The committee are to be complimented upon their good fortune or good management, as the case may be, in that there was heard little or none of that objectionable noise which has at previous concerts proceeded from the adjacent buildings. The concert was thus rendered much more enjoyable. The opening selection was a Mozart quartet for two violins, viola, and violoncello, played by Mr. G. Hall, Mrs. Alderman, and Herren Grenfeld and Reimers.

"General News", Southern Argus (24 December 1891), 3

A CONCERT PARTY. It is announced that a party of highly accomplished musical artists will visit the Southern towns daring the Christmas season. Those mentioned are Mrs. Alderman, who has on several occasions appeared as leader of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society, Miss De Gay, who has travelled as a soprano and pianist through the colonies with professional companies, Master Eugene Alderman, a wonderful young violinist, Mr. L. A. Bristow, a tenor who has taken leading parts in the city musical societies, and Mr. H. B. Holder, whose reputation as a cultivated basso is sufficient guarantee of his skill. The first concert will be given in the Strathalbyn Institute Hall on Saturday, December 26, the second at Port Victor on Monday, December 28, and the third at Stirling West on the following evening.

"DEATH OF MR. EUGENE ALDERMAN", Chronicle (17 June 1916), 16

"UNSELFISH CHARACTER", News (17 February 1930), 10

"FUNERAL NOTICES", The Advertiser (16 May 1938), 12 

ALDIS, William Henry (William ALDIS; William Henry ALDIS; W. H. ALDIS)
ALDIS, Edwin Charles (Edwin Charles ALDIS; E. C. ALDIS)
ALDIS, Hannah Hay (Hannah ALDIS; Miss ALDIS; Mrs. W. H. PALMER)

ALDIS, Mary Louisa (after 1865, Miss ALDIS)

ALDIS, Edith (Miss Edith ALDIS)

See main page:

Aldis family


Professor of music, pianist, composer

Born Colveston, Norfolk, England, c. 1840; baptised Didlington, Norfolk, 16 March 1840, son of Frederick ALEXANDER (1798-1865) and Mary SAUL (1801-1887)
Arrived Auckland, NZ, 7 March 1859 (per John Scott, from London)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 June 1860 (per Red Jacket from New Zealand)
Married Mary Elizabeth CRUSE (1835-1927), All Saints' church, St. Kilda, VIC, 16 January 1868
Died Launceston, TAS, 20 April 1876, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnised in the parish of Didlington in the county of Norfolk in the year 1840; Norfolk Record Office 

No. 117 / March 16, 1840 / Albert son of / Frederick & Mary / Alexander / Colveston / Farmer . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Norfolk, Great Yarmouth; UK National Archives, HO 107/1806 

King Street / Joseph G. Plummer / Head / 43 / School master . . .
Anne [Plummer] / Wife / 42 . . . [and daughter 17 and son 15]
Horatio Alexander / [scholar] / 13 . . .
Albert [Alexander] / [scholar] / 11 . . . [among about 25 boys]

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND . . . ENTERED INWARDS", Daily Southern Cross [NZ] (8 March 1859), 2 

March 7 - John Scott, 655 tons, Harrison, from London. Passengers - Right Rev. C. J. Abraham, Bishop of Wellington, Mrs. Abrahams, Charles H. Abrahams, Frederick, Mary, Julia, Caroline, Henry, and Albert Alexander . . .

"BALL AT THE AUCKLAND LUNATIC ASYLUM", New Zealander (19 March 1859), 3 

Amongst the amusements of St. Patrick's Day, 1859, in this City, we are glad to be able to state that the unfortunate inmates of the Lunatic Asylum were not forgotten. The Provincial Surgeon, following up the system of treatment initiated by him at our Lunatic Asylum here, and which is now so universally adopted, gave a ball on Thursday night to the patients committed to his care, and our readers will be gratified to learn that several of these poor sufferers were easily persuaded to join in the dance, and manifested much enjoyment. The whole of them conducted themselves with the utmost decorum. Mr. Albert Alexander, a young gentleman lately arrived from England, and an accomplished musician, was one of the invited guests of the evening, and contributed in no small degree to give zest to the entertainment by his singing, and by his playing on the pianoforte. The results of this first ball have been such as to give more and more confidence in the efficacy of what may be truly called the mental government of the insane.

"THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL of the Fourth Season of the Auckland Choral Society . . .", New Zealander (26 March 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Thursday evening . . . Great additional interest was given to the rehearsal by the harp solo of Mr. Brooks and the pianoforte solo of Mr. Albert Alexander - two new-comers who have at once begun to contribute to the musical entertainment of their older fellow-colonists . . . Mr. Alexander selected the "March" and "Finale" from Weber's celebrated "Concert-Stuck," a composition of no ordinary difficulty which he has evidently well studied, and his performance of which was warmly applauded . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (20 June 1860), 4 

ARRIVED. - JUNE 18. Red Jacket, White Star ship, 1,600 tons, Samuel Reid, commander, from Auckland, N.Z., 5th inst. Passengers - cabin : Mrs. Cleghorn, Mr. and Mrs. Whittlebury and family (2), Messrs. A. Alexander, H. S. Lucas, L. Ellman, C. J. Stevenson, C. Kenworthy; and 34 in the steerage. Lorimer, Mackie, and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (24 September 1860), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THIS EVENING . . . GRAND CONCERT. In Aid of the Building Fund of the Institute.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo Pianoforte - Morceaux de Concert - Leybach - Mr. Alexander . . .
PART II . . . Solo Pianoforte - Andante and Rondo Capriccioso - Mendelssohn - Mr. Alexander . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (18 April 1861), 8 

Grand Trio, in G major - op. 24 (Hummell) - Mr. A. Alexander and Messrs. Leslie and Reed.
Song - "Those Bright Black Eyes" (Kucken) - Herr Strauch.
Pianoforte Solo - "La Cascade" (Pauer) - Mr. A. Alexander.
Grand Scena - "Dearest Companions" (Sonnambula) - Madame Stuttaford.
Solo Violin - " Air Varie" (De Beriot) -Mr. Leslie.
Song - "The Wanderer"' (Schubert) - Herr G. Strauch.
Scena - " Robert toi que j'aime" (Meyerbeer) - Madame Stuttaford.
Grand Sonata - Pianoforte and violin - op. 23 (Beethoven) - Mr. A. Alexander and Mr. Leslie.
Scena - " Vieni la mia Vendetta" (Lucrezia Borgia) - Herr G. Strauch.
Song - "Queen of the Sea" - Madame Stuttaford.
Pianoforte Solo - " Andante and Rondo Cappriccioso" (Mendelssohn) - Mr. A. Alexander.
Duet - "La ci Darem" (Don Giovanni) - Madame Stuttaford and Herr Strauch.
Reserved Seats, 6s. Unreserved, 4s.
Tickets may be had of Mr. Wilkie, music warehouse, Collins-street; and Mr. Chapman, 117 Swanston-street; also of Mr. Thomas, chemist, Robe-street, St. Kilda, and Mr. Arnott, Post-office.
Doors open at Half-past Seven, commence at Eight o'clock.

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (19 April 1861), 5 

Mr. Albert Alexander's concert, at the Town Hall, St. Kilda, last evening, was only moderately attended. His solo, "La Cascade," drew forth an encore, and "Home, sweet home," was substituted . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1861), 8 

Under the Immediate patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Lady Barkly,
And the following artistes: Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON, Herr STREBINGER, Mr. CHAPMAN, and Herr SIEDE.
Beethoven's grand Trio in C minor, performed by Messrs. Alexander, Strebinger, and Chapman.
Song, "Rose of the Morn," F. Mori - Miss O. Hamilton.
Piano Solo, "Marche Funebre," Thalberg - Mr. Alexander.
Violin Solo, Fantasia on "La Sonnambula" - Herr Strebinger.
Grand Duet, Thalberg's Fantasia on "Les Hugenots," arranged for two pianos by Boulanger, performed by M. Boulanger and Mr. Alexander.
Song, "I arise from Dreams of Thee," Salaman - Miss O. Hamilton.
Solo (Flute), "Serenade and Carnival de Venice," Siede - Herr Siede.
Cavatina, "Come into the Garden, Maud," Balfe - Miss O. Hamilton.
Piano Solo , "Impromptu Polka," Boulanger - Mr. Alexander.
Tickets, 5s. each, to be had at Mr. Wilkie's music warehouse, 15 Collins street, and at the door on the evening.
Doors open at halt-past 7 ; commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

[News], The Argus (30 December 1861), 5 

On Saturday evening, Mr. Alexander, pianist, gave a grand concert at Hockin's Assembly Room, Elizabeth-street, under the immediate patronage of His Excellency Sir Henry Barkly and Lady Barkly, who were present, together with a numerous and fashionable company . . . The music selected for the occasion was not generally of a very high character, but the great talent of the artistes engaged brought out fully the points of merit in the best compositions included in the programme, and the audience appeared highly gratified with the entertainment.

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (30 December 1861), 5 

Mr. Alexander's concert at Hockin's Assembly Rooms on Saturday evening called up reminiscences of four or five years ago, when Miska Hauser was here, and when a classical concert could be announced with a much greater assurance of success than at present, - a fact not flattering to us, for it indicates anything but an advanced stage of social culture. It is indeed a pity that concerts, of which the performance of classical instrumental music should form the principal feature, are not more frequently given. The reason cannot be that we have not the material, for the orchestra of the Theatre Royal, for example, includes three or four musicians of very great ability; and in fact the concert of Saturday, though far from exhausting the resources of Melbourne in this respect, showed what we can do even now. It would appear that the one thing needful is, not we hope an appreciating, but an actively encouraging section of the community, for to the musically uneducated man the most attractive music will ever be the human voice. That being universally understood, will be universally encouraged; but for a player on the piano, the violin, the flute, or any other leading instrument, to please the ears of the general public, he must diverge from the legitimate sphere of his art if he desires to earn a living by his profession, and descend to mere trickery and adcaptandum display. It is then only to a limited class that proprietors of entertainments like that of Saturday can look for support; and that event having been a complete success, we hope that it will tend to revive something of the old spirit amongst the musical microcosm of Melbourne.

The chief concerted composition on Saturday was Beethoven's trio in C minor, which was admirably performed by Messrs. Alexander (piano), Strebinger (violin), and Chapman (violoncello). The performance was most attentively listened to; but what called forth a burst of more hearty approbation was Thalberg's Fantasia on "Les Hugenots," arranged for two pianos by Boulanger. This was executed with immense spirit and expression by Messrs. Alexander and Boulanger, who were compelled to repeat the latter portion; and the magnificent rendering of Meyerbeer's grand music increased the feeling of regret which has been so frequently expressed that none of our operatic managers or conductors has felt that the orchestral and choral resources of the colony are large enough to justify them in attempting to place upon the stage in anything like its entirety this sublime production. Two pianoforte solos were comprised in the programme, both being performed by Mr. Alexander - Thalberg's favourite "Marche Funebre," so soothing, beautiful, and resigned in its sentiment, and the "Impromptu Polka," by Boulanger. Mr. Strebinger also performed a fantasia on airs from "La Sonnambula," in which he was encored; and Herr Siede played the "Serenade and Carneval de Venice," arranged by himself, and for which he was enthusiastically applauded. The one vocalist, amongst this band of instrumentalists was Miss Octavia Hamilton, who agreeably varied the evening's entertainment by three songs. She was specially successful in the cavatina, "Come into the garden, Maud," into which she threw a more than ordinary amount of expression. His Excellency the Governor and Lady Barkly were present, and remained to the close of the entertainment, which appeared to afford unalloyed enjoyment to a tolerably numerous audience.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1862), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL. Sole Lessee, W. S. LYSTER . . .
A Night Dedicated to the ROSE, SHAMROCK, and THISTLE . . .
First appearance of Mr. ALEXANDER, The Celebrated Pianist . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I. THE ROSE . . . 1. Fantasia, Piano, "La Cascade," Pauer - Mr. Alexander . . .
PART III. THISTLE . . . 8. Fantasia, Pianoforte, "Marche Funebre," Thalberg - Mr. Alexander . . .

"MR. ALEXANDER'S CONCERT . . .", Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (4 January 1865), 2 

. . . at the National School-room - on Monday night, was attended by the most select audiences we have ever seen in Hamilton, and the entertainment from this cause partook more of the nature of a drawing-room concert. There were some 60 or 70 persons present, all of whom, with one exception, being in the front seats. Mr. Alexander has a wonderful power over the piano and harmonium, as well as a fair barritone voice. Of the pianoforte solos, we particularly admired "La Cascade," a piece now the rage in London, "Home, street home," and the grand fantasia on "Les Huguenots," by Thalberg. In the harmonium solos, Mr. Alexander introduced music such as most people would think could hardly be played on such a "solum" instrument. Amongst the operatic selections, the air from "Il Pirata," and the "Miserere," from "Il Trovatore," were splendidly rendered while the plaintive airs of "Auld Robin Gray," "Tara", with the fire of "Auld Lang Sine," showed how thoroughly Mr. Alexander is master of this difficult instrument. Our townsmen, Messrs. Campbell and Stevens, who are always well received by a Hamilton audience - the former played several difficult pieces on that difficult instrument the oboe - while the latter even surpassed himself in his rendering of "Man the lifeboat." We regret to learn that Mr. Alexander, whose intention it was to settle at Hamilton as a finishing master, has not that faith in the largeness of the field to induce him to remain among us. The loss is ours; for, seldom has a professional with such a perfect piano touch been here.

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (21 January 1868), 4 

ALEXANDER - CRUSE. - On the 16th inst., at All Saints, Church, East St. Kilda, by the Rev. J. Watson, Albert Alexander, Esq., son of the late Frederick Alexander, Esq., of Norfolk, to Mary, daughter of Thomas Cruse, Esq., of Brighton, Sussex.

"DEL SARTE'S ROOMS", The Mercury (5 December 1868), 3

"VICTORIAN SCHOTTISCHE", Launceston Examiner (23 May 1871), 2

From Messrs. Hudson and Hopwood we have received a copy of "The Victorian Schottische," composed by Mr. Albert Alexander. It is a lively, and harmonious composition, and that it has been appreciated may be inferred from the fact that it has reached a third edition.

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (5 October 1872), 5

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1872), 2

"MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER'S CONCERT", Cornwall Chronicle (25 June 1873), 3

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 2

ALEXANDER - On 20th April, at his residence, Canning-street, Albert Alexander, R.A.M., aged 36 years.

"THE SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Cornwall Chronicle (21 April 1876), 2

Yesterday morning Mr. Albert Alexander was seized with a fit of apoplexy at his residence, Canning street, and messengers were sent off in search of medical aid. Some time was lost before Dr. Mason was found by Mr. McLeod and driven to Mr. Alexander's house, which he reached at 20 minutes past 11 o'clock, but too late to be of any service. The unfortunate gentleman was quite dead, and from Dr. Mason's previous knowledge of Mr. Alexander's constitution and the appearances on the body, it was evident that the cause of death was apoplexy. The deceased was a member of the Royal Academy of Music, a well educated, gentlemanly man, and a talented pianist. He accompanied the Rev. Canon Brownrigg on his last trip to the islands in the Straits in the mission cutter. He was conductor of the Launceston Choral Society, the latest musical organisation here; and a talented teacher and conductor. Mr. Alexander leaves Mrs. Alexander and two young children to deplore their sudden bereavement. An inquest is to be held before Thomas Mason, Esq., Coroner, at the residence of deceased at 12 o'clock to-day. Mr. Alexander was a native of Norwich, England, and he resided for some time at Melbourne, for a few years at Hobart Town, and in Launceston for the last five or six years. We are informed that Mr. Alexander had his life insured in one of the life offices. It is to be hoped, for the sake of his widow and family, that he had.

"THE LATE MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 5 

An inquest was held yesterday upon the body of Mr. Albert Alexander, R.A.M., at his late residence . . .

Musical works:

The Victorian schottische by Albert Alexander, sixth edition (n.d.)

Copy at the National Library of Australia 

The Victorian schottische by Albert Alexander, eighth edition, simplified arrangement [by Carlo Minarsi] (London: Simpson & Co., [n.d.])

Copy at the Bodleian Library, Oxford (DIGITISED)

ALEXANDER, Jemmy (Jemmy ALEXANDER, European name)

Indigenous singer and dancer

Active Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 1850s
Died (drowned, or disappeared from record), 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE CASES", The Moreton Bay Courier (22 October 1853), 3 

On Wednesday "Jemmy Alexander" a well known Moreton Bay black, whose visit to England was some time back noticed in this journal, was charged at the Police Office, with having been found on the premises of Mr. H. B. Watson, at Kangaroo Point, for an unlawful purpose. Mr. Watson deposed that Jemmy had been dancing and singing there for the amusement of himself and friends, and that he went away at about 9 at night.; but at three in the morning Mr. Watson found him in the house, and attempted to seize him. He made his escape, and was subsequently apprehended by Constable Watts, in Capt. Geary's kitchen. The constable deposed that prisoner was then sober. A written statement in favour of Jemmy, was handed in by some white friend of Jemmy's and read by Mr. Duncan, who, with Capt. Barney, presided. The statement was to the effect that Mr. Watson, Mr. Alcock, and others, had made Tommy drunk, and had forced him to drink, and that it was very cruel to force "a poor black fellow" to drink against his will, and then put him in the watch-house because he missed his way . . . Mr. Duncan closely questioned Mr. Watson as to supplying the prisoner with drink. Witness denied having done so himself, but said that he believed Mr. Alcock had given a glass of gin, and Mr. Garling a glass of rum. Mr. Duncan directed informations to be filed against those parties, and sentenced Jemmy to forty-eight hours in gaol; commenting at the same time upon the impropriety of Mr. Watson making the prisoner drunk . . .

ALFORD, Madame (Madame ALFORD)

Professor of music and pianoforte

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


A pupil of Henri Herz, she advertised only briefly in Melbourne; otherwise unidentified.


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1854), 8

A CARD - Madame Alford, Professor of Music, (Pupil of Herz,) 105 Great Lonsdale-street east.
PIANOFORTE Instruction. - Madame Alford continues to give lessons in music at 105 Great Lonsdale-street east. Terms one guinea for five lessons.

ALFRED (prince Alfred; H.R.H. duke of Edinburgh)

Musician, violinist, pianist, composer

Born Windsor, England, 6 August 1844; son of queen Victoria and prince Albert
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 31 October 1867 (per Galatea)
Departed 26 June 1868
Private second visit 28 January 1869 to early 1871
Died Germany, 30 July 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

The duke of Edinburgh and suite, Band of Hope Gold Mine, Ballarat, 10 December 1867; State Library of Victoria

The duke of Edinburgh and suite, Band of Hope Gold Mine, Ballarat, 10 December 1867; State Library of Victoria (DIGITISED)


"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1867), 4

The visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh has set the musicians of this and the neighbouring colonies at work composing to his honour, and the result has been the production of some good music, the most striking being the "Galatea Waltz," by Mr. Charles Edward Horsley. The first in the field was Mr. C. W. Rayner, with an "Ode" to the Prince, well harmonised and very pleasing. Mr. Jackson has written a decidedly smart, and, in point of construction, original galop, entitled, "The Brave Boys." A lady amateur presents the public with the "Duke of Edinburgh Schottische," striking if not original, the theme, apparently, taken from the song "Oh, my courage," in the opera of "Maritana." Mr. Alfred Anderson contributes a set of quadrilles styled "The Royal Visit" - which are pronounced to be excellent; the title page contains a highly   finished photograph of Prince Alfred, from Adelaide (through Messrs. Elvy and Co.). We have received two pieces composed in that city - one a polka brilliante "the Galatea," by Mr. F. Ellard, and the other, the Prince Alfred Waltz, by Mr. George Loader [Loder] - both possessing merit, but certainly not, as the Adelaide papers have it, superior to any other composition. In addition to those above enumerated, Mr. John Hill, whose name is well-known in musical circles in London, has two galops the "Galatea" and "Prince Alfred" in the press, and Mr. Henry Marsh and Mr. Gassner (bandmaster of the 50th Regiment) are also busily engaged in paying a musical tribute to his Royal Highness. To enter into a detailed criticism of each composition is scarcely necessary; all possess more or less merit, and show that we have in Australia a constructive as well as an auricular taste for music.

J. G. Knight, Narrative of the visit of his royal highness the duke of Edinburgh to the colony of Victoria, Australia (Melbourne: Mason, Firth, 1868)

(193-94) . . . The Melbourne Philharmonic Society (the oldest musical association in Victoria) employed its well-organised strength in giving a high-class concert, at which his Royal Highness and suite, his Excellency the Governor and family, and all the leading members of the community were present. Mendelssohn's "Athalie" was the principal work on the programme, and this was rendered in the most effective manner by a band and chorus of four hundred and fifty performers. The great hall of the Exhibition Building was crowded, and his Royal Highness, who is himself an accomplished musician, expressed his gratification at finding classical music so highly appreciated in Victoria.

"AN ANECDOTE OF PRINCE ALFRED", The Ballarat Star (16 October 1868), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (24 April 1869), 10

(from Times, London): A very agreeable method of relieving the voyage of its tediums have been adopted on board the ship by the establishment of several musical parties. One, got-up by the sergeant of the band, is under, the direction of Lord Charles Beresford; another has been formed among the officers. Then, in the forecastle, there is a nigger party, who gave their first entertainment on Christmas Eve, and made a very creditable debut. And lastly, there are the boys and the schoolmaster, whose efforts are more directly encouraged by His Royal Highness, who accompanies them upon his harmonium in their rehearsal of the chaunts and tunes to be sung on the following Sunday. There was a time when indulgences of this kind were regarded as being utterly incompatible with the discipline indispensable to the efficiency of a man-of-war, but the race of zealous old gentlemen who entertained those gloomy apprehensions is fast dying away, and the admirable discipline on board Her Majesty's ship Galatea will add an additional incentive to the extinction of the race.

"THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH'S VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND", Bendigo Advertiser (24 June 1869), 3

. . . At a concert given by the Auckland Choral Society, the Prince, we are told, "kindly assisted, playing first violin, with Colonel Balneavin and others." The Prince, it is added, "subsequently took part in Mozart's symphony, and in other full orchestral pieces, in all of which he acquitted himself most admirably.

Musical works by Alfred published in Australia:

Waltz (published 1868)

Waltz composed by H.R.H. the duke of Edinburgh . . . performed by Mr. A. Anderson, R.A.M., pianist by special appointment to H.R.H. the duke of Edinburgh (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1868]) (DIGITISED) (FIRST EDITION)

[Advertisement], Empire (8 February 1868), 1 

. . . CONCERT, On MONDAY, 10th instant at the MASONIC HALL.
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Waltz - Pianoforte - Composed by H.R.H. Prince Alfred - Mr. A. ANDERSON . . .

[3 news articles], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1868), 4 

MUSICSELLERS TO THE PRINCE - The Duke of Edinburgh was presented by Messrs. Anderson and Son with a casket containing selections of music, amongst which were the compositions of Mr. Alfred Anderson. His Royal Highness has appointed this firm his musicsellers in Sydney, and they are informed that the official document in connection therewith will be forwarded from London in a few months.

PIANIST TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH - The Duke of Edinburgh has been pleased to appoint Mr. Alfred Anderson his pianist in Sydney. A communication to that effect has been forwarded by Lieutenant Haig to Mr. Anderson, and intimating that the official appointment will, in a short time, be forwarded from London.

WALTZ BY H.R.H. PRINCE OF WALES [sic] - We have received from Messrs. Anderson and Son, the publishers by permission, a copy of a waltz composed by his Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, and performed in Sydney for the first time by Mr. Alfred Anderson, at a concert given by him at the Masonic Hall . . . it is very melodious, and of easy performance, and his Royal Highness having honoured the colony by granting his permission to the publication of a piece of music composed by himself, has given to the people a souvenir of his visit in one of the most popular and agreeable shapes.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 March 1868), 1 

THIRD EDITION NOW READY. Published by permission of H.R.H. Prince ALFRED. - The WALTZ composed by H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. J. H. ANDERSON and SON, Instrument and Music Sellers, by special appointment to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. 360, George-street.

The return of Galatea waltz (1869)

The return of Galatea, a new waltz composed by H.R.H. the duke of Edinburgh (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Co., [1869]) (DIGITISED) (FIRST EDITION)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1869), 9 

A NEW WALTZ, entitled "THE RETURN OF THE GALATEA," with correct photograph of H.M.S. Galatea, in Sydney.
J. H. ANDERSON and CO., 360, George-street.
THE Latest Musical Novelty, Prince Alfred's New WALTZ, elegantly illustrated. Anderson's, George-st.

"A NEW WALTZ BY PRINCE ALFRED", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1869), 6 

His Royal Highness, on the occasion of his last visit to Sydney, permitted the publication of a waltz composed by himself, an unpretentious morceau, but exceedingly melodious. The return to Sydney of the Duke is made the subject of another composition of the same kind, also by His Royal Highness, entitled "The Return of the Galatea," - this has been published with the permission of the royal captain, by Mr. J. H. Anderson of George-street. That our royal visitor delights in the "divine art" is beyond question, and without descending to obsequiousness, we may regard it as an honor to the colony that he has given to the public the result of a few quiet hours of musical study. The "Return Waltz" is simple in construction, melody rather than brilliance being the object sought. The introduction is from a well-known air. The waltz, divided into three parts, with a finale, is soft, in the style known by musicians as cantabile, easy of performance, and well-marked time for dancing. The title page contains an admirable photograph of the Galatea, and is elegantly printed.

Bibliography and resources:

H. J. Gibbney, "Edinburgh, Duke of (1844-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)


= Ali-Ben SOU-ALLE

ALLAN, Miss (Miss ALLAN)

Professor of music, singing and pianoforte; school teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


One or perhaps two Miss Allan(s) active in Balmain in 1854. Later in the decade two Miss Allans ran a school in Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1854), 1

MUSICAL CARD - Miss Allan. Professor of Music (Singing and Pianoforte), Nicholson-street, Balmain.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1854), 3

EDUCATION.-BALMAIN.- Miss ALLAN has vacancies for a few pupils at her daily seminary, Nicholson-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1857), 12 

REMOVAL.- Miss ALLAN will resume the duties of her school at Woodstock-terrace, Paddington.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1859), 10 

MISS ALLAN, late of the Royal Academy, London, has a Vacancy for Two Pupils for the Pianoforte.

ALLAN, George Leavis (George Leavis ALLAN; G. L. ALLAN)

Musician, singing master, music educator, musicseller, music publisher

Born London, England, 3 September 1826; son of John ALLAN (1800-1833) and Anne BAILEY (1794-1863)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c. 1852/53
Married Agnes CLARK (1840-1921), Chalmers Church, Melbourne, VIC, 25 January 1859
Trading and Wilkie, Webster and Co., 1863-68
Trading as Wilkie, Webster and Allan, 1868-76
Trading as Allan and Co., from 1876
Died East St. Kilda, VIC, 1 April 1897, in his 71st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ALLAN, George Clark (George Clark ALLAN; G. C. ALLAN)

Musicseller, music publisher (Allan & Co.)

Born Melbourne, VIC, 3 May 1860
Trading as Allan and Co., from 1885
Died Portsea, VIC, 29 October 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

For the firm, Wilkie, Webster, and Allan (1868-76), see: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

For the firm, Allan and Co. (from 1876), see: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

George Leavis Allan, c. 1860s

George Leavis Allan, c. 1860s


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12 

MR. GEORGE L. ALLAN beg to announce that he will open a Singing Class for Ladies and Gentlemen at the School Room, adjoining Sandford's Boot and Shoe Warehouse, Bourke-street, east, near Russell-street, on Tuesday, the 29th March, at half-past 7 p.m.
The class will meet on Tuesdays and Friday's, and each lesson will occupy about one hour.
Terms, £1 1s. a quarter, payable in advance.
For children and schools, a considerable reduction will be made.
The elementary course will consist of about sixty lessons; and as this course is progressive, it is necessary that all intending members should be present at the first lesson.

"CONGREGATIONAL PSALMODY", The Argus (26 November 1853), 5 

A weekly meeting for the improvement of the congregational psalmody, on the Rev. J. J. Waite's system, was commenced in St. Paul's Church last Thursday, at half past seven p.m., conducted gratuitously by George L. Allan, when about one hundred persons, old and young, of different sexes, attended. The Rev. S. L. Chase (who had preached upon the subject on the two previous Sundays) opened the proceedings with a few remarks on the importance of the object and a short prayer, after which the class was practised in the various sounds of the musical scale, &c., and before separating sand the tune "Abbey" in full harmony. Those who were present expressed great satisfaction, and it is hoped that the following Thursday will see a considerable increase to their numbers, as it is intended to recapitulate for the benefit of new members.

[Advertisement], The Banner (17 January 1854), 2

G. McMASTER, Head Teacher . . . Mr. G. L. ALLAN, Singing Master. 13th January, 1854.

"THE ART OF SINGING", The Argus (8 July 1854), 5

Messrs. Vitelli and Allan have announced their intention of forming classes for instruction in the art of singing, both for ladies and gentlemen, to be held at the Mechanics' Institution. A day class for ladies only will be held on Wednesdays, at three o'clock, commencing 19th July, and an evening class tor ladies and gentlemen on Saturdays at seven o'clock, commencing 22nd July. Mr. Allan is singing master to the Denominational Schools; and Mr. Vitelli, R.A.M., is a professed trainer of public and amateur singers . . .

"MUSIC AS A PART OF EDUCATION", The Argus (28 July 1854), 5 

"SINGING CLASSES AT PRAHRAN", The Argus (11 October 1854), 5

Mr. Allan, who has for some time past been associated with Mr. Vitelli as teacher of the singing class at the Mechanics' Institute, Melbourne, intends, as we are informed, opening a class at Prahran on Friday. As the system practised by Mr. Allan has already had a most successful result in Melbourne, there can be little doubt that his efforts will be suitably acknowledged by our suburban friends.


A performance of choral music by the children belonging to the Denominational Schools took place yesterday In the Exhibition Building. There was free admission to the public, and it was liberally availed of the gentler sex, as might be expected, predominating. Several of our city magnates were present on the occasion. The children, to the number of about six hundred were seated in the body of the building, the spectators being accommodated with seats in the side aisles and gallery. The interior of the building has a comparatively naked appearance, since the removal of thee exhibited articles, but the coup d'oeil yesterday was nevertheless a striking one. The children were from fifteen different schools of various religious denominations, comprising those of the Church of England, Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, Wesleyans, and Independents. Mr. G. L. Allan, the singing master to the Denominational Schools, conducted the performance.

The programme consisted of twenty-seven pieces, selected from the school repertoire. There were among them rounds in three and four parts, three hymns, and a variety of school songs. The performance opened with the hymn, "From Greenland's Icy Mountains," which was sung very neatly, although it is by no means an easy tune for children. There were four verses, of eight lines each in this hymn. It is really surprising how the children managed to commit the words of the twenty-seven pieces to memory. The care and diligence of their singing-master in training them cannot be too highly spoken of, and the performance yesterday reflected on him a great deal of credit. There were many new pieces sung, and among them the old bacchanalian round "Call George again, boys," we were delighted to recognise, with words adapted to it more appropriate for children. It was called "Hoy! Ship ahead, Sir," and notwithstanding a false start, was sung very sweetly. The programme, which, like most of the programmes of colonial concerts, struck us as being rather too long, finished with "God save the Queen." This was sung in two parts, the second being creditably sustained by the boys. We ought not to omit mentioning the round, "Standing together in a ring." There could not be a more suitable piece for children. It was sung with precision, and was heard to better advantage than many of the pieces, as it stood on the programme very nearly the last. The boys' voices, which in the early part of the performance made the parts allotted to them in the various rounds unduly predominant, were, by the time they commenced this round, somewhat wearied. The voices of the girls were therefore better heard, and the parts were consequently more equally balanced.

Previous to the performance commencing, Mr. Colin Campbell addressed a few words of encouragement to the children, and Mr. Allan subsequently stated that many of the scholars had been too short a time under tuition to admit of very great proficiency. During the performance, the audience repeatedly applauded the little vocalists, and it was amusing to see some of the juveniles themselves joining in the clapping of hands. Their behaviour, however, shewed a considerable improvement upon their demeanor at the last performance. At the close they were regaled with buns and lemonade. The performance commenced at 3 p.m. and was over by 5.

"DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOLS", The Age (21 December 1855), 6 

Yesterday afternoon the Exhibition Building was the scene of a highly interesting display of the musical ability of a large number of young Victorians, as developed under the able direction of Mr. G. L. Allan, singing-master to Denominational Schools. The whole of the basement storey was occupied by the children, (near upon twelve hundred in number,) selected from about thirty schools of all denominations in Melbourne, Collingwood, Richmond, Prahran, Emerald hill, St Kilda and Brighton, and with two exceptions (St. Mark's boys' school and St. Kilda school, im which the children are taught by their respective masters), under the musical instruction of Messrs. Hadfield, G. L. Allan, and J. H. Allen. The children, who were dressed in their best and looked supremely happy under their arduous vocal exertions, were ranged on each side of the building, and on the orchestra-platform erecting for the approaching performance of the "Messiah" by the Philharmonic Society on Monday next. The director had his rostrum erected on the basement of the fountain, and from this position had every one of his little vocalists under his eye. The music performed consisted of part songs and rounds by Hullah, Crampton, and others, which were sung with a precision of time and tune alike creditable to the children, their teachers, and their director. Between the parts the children were supplied with some refreshments, which appeared to render them all the more alert for the resumption of their duties at the first rap from the director's baton. His Excellency the Governor and Lady Hotham were present in the gallery, and their entrance was greeted with the national anthem carolled forth by a thousand little throats. His Excellency and lady were evidently much gratified, and frequently applauded the efforts of the children, who were all evidently anxious to do their very best on the occasion. The gallery was densely crowded with a delighted auditory, and his Excellency and party did not leave their seats till all was over, when the juveniles gave him three times three deafening cheers, and then, trooping out of the building, swarmed into and upon the omnibuses provided to carry them home.

"NORTH MELBOURNE SINGING CLASS", The Age (21 April 1857), 5 

For some months past, Mr. G. L. Allan, teacher of singing in the Denominational Schools, has been giving his gratuitous services to a free singing class established at the Church of England Schools, Howard street, North Melbourne. The class consists of about sixty three or more adult and other members, who bear all the charges, Mr. Allan kindly tendering his very efficient aid for their instruction. Impressed with the necessity of recognising these valuable services, the members have presented liim with a token of their regard in the shape of a handsome silver cup, valued at about 35l . . .

The class having made very great progress, it was determined by them to give a concert to their immediate friends, and to make it the occasion for their presentation. On Friday last therefore, the class gave their first concert in the schoolroom. The first part of the programme consisted of sacred music, chiefly selected from the works of Farrant, Zingarelli, Rousseau, Luther, and others. Previous to singing a verse each from some of the best psalm tunes - solemn, moderate, and joyful - as examples of the various styles, Mr. Allan addressed the audience on the propriety of introducing into our churches an improved system of singing. He pointed out the various defects in congregational music as at present practised, the necessity for reform, and suggested that the clergy themselves should initiate the measure. After very successfully relieving chanting from the prejudice with which it is received by most religious bodies, and pointing out the proper mode of conducting it, he proceeded to illustrate his remarks with examples. The pupils then sang a verse each of twelve psalm tunes, and acquitted themselves admirably, in imparting to these compositions an expression and effect of which one would hardly have thought them capable, from the awfully dull and heavy measure in which they are usually sung in churches. The examples were also very serviceable in illustrating Mr. Allan's position, that in selecting psalm tunes, care should be taken to adopt music suited to the character of the words. Luther's Hymns was especially well given, and elicited an encore; as also one or two others . . .

The second part consisted of selections of peculiar music from the works of Gluck, Waelront, Balthazar, Donato, Pearsall, Dowland, and others; in the execution of which the pupils did infinite credit to themselves and their master. We need not particularise, for all were most ably trolled forth - so well, indeed, as to induce us to think that the society had been one of much longer standing.

"MR. G. L. ALLAN'S SINGING CLASSES", The Age (1 May 1857), 4 

We are glad to see that arrangements have been made by Mr. Allan to establish a Singing class at the Mechanics' Institution, Collins-street. A free introductory lesson is to be held on Saturday evening at half-past seven, when the North Melbourne class (sixty in number) will attend and sing a number of glees and madrigals to show the result of Mr. Allan's teaching . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTION", The Age (4 May 1857), 4 

. . . We cannot help congratulating the committee on adopting a measure so judicious in itself, and which promises to be attended with such important benefits to society at large. Hitherto the ranks of the Philharmonic Society have been recruited by amateurs who have had the benefits of some musical education in their youth. These are necessarily restricted in number. Under the present arrangement Mr. Allan's singing class will act as a nursery for talent in this delightful science, and contribute to greatly increased a number to the chorus, that before long we shall be able to congratulate the public on possessing a chorus almost equalling in number that which assembles at Exeter Hall. Our Philharmonic Society makes no provision for teaching the rudiments of music to its members - in fact none are admitted who are not at once in a position to take part in their exercises. The desideratum is now met, and we trust that the public will take the matter up with the enthusiasm which its importance demands.

"SINGING CLASSES", The Age (30 May 1857), 4 

Mr. G. L. Allan, induced by the success of his singing classes for adults in North Melbourne and Melbourne, intends establishing a third in Collingwood. On Friday next, 5th June, he intends giving a free introductory concert of glees, anthems, and madrigals, at St. Mark's Boys' School, Collingwood; and, on the following Friday, his classes there will commence. The class at the Mechanics' Institution now numbers seventy pupils; and that at North Melbourne, emboldened by success, have formed themselves into "The North Melbourne Choral Society." These are gratifying instances of real progress of this delightful art.

"BENEFIT CONCERT BY MR. G. L. ALLAN", The Age (22 October 1858), 5 

The ability of Mr. G. L. Allan as a teacher of music, and his success in the establishment of large and popular classes in various parts of the city and suburbs during the last five years, attracted a numerous and brilliant audience to the Exhibition Building last evening, on occasion of his first benefit concert. Mr. Geo. R. Pringle, organist to the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, presided at the pianoforte. The chorus, consisting of a hundred members from the North Melbourne Choral Society and Mr. Allan's Upper Singing Class in Melbourne, was in excellent voice and spirits, and rendered the various beauties of an exceedingly well selected programme with admirable precision and effect. The programme opened with a chorus by Gluck, "Sing loud a joyful strain," and selections from various other composers. The beautifully solemn quartette and chorus "O most merciful God," by Hullah, was given in fine style, as also the "Music for Macbeth." Danby's prize glee, "Awako, AEolian Lyre," tastefully and effectively rendered, made way for a song by Miss Baillie, which, being greeted with an encore, was succeeded by N. J. Sporle's "Row, row, homeward we go." This lady is gifted with a full, rich voice, and with further experience will be qualified to assume a high position among our colonial vocalists. Abt's Swiss Morning Hymn, "Morn awakes in silence," sung as quartette and chorus, and delivered with solemnity and sweetness, is certain to become an established favorite as it is better known. Mr. G. R. Pringle executed a piano solo, the "Carnaval de Venise" in his usual excellent style, and was succeeded by the chorus, in Stevens's favorite old glee, from Oberon in Fairy Land, neatly and effectively delivered. "Banish, Oh, maiden," encored, was followed by Macfarren's modern and popular "Song of the Railroads"; the "National Anthem" forming an appropriate finale to a concert of more than usual excellence. His Excellency Sir H. Barkly and suite attended. The building was brilliantly lighted up, and the general arrangements were satisfactory, and altogether we have to congratulate Mr. Allan on the success of his first benefit.

"MARRIED", The Age (26 January 1859), 4 

On the 25th January, at Chalmers' Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. Adam Cairns, D.D., Mr. George Leavis Allan, senior teacher of vocal music under the denominational board of education (formerly of H. M. Ordnance office, London), younger son of the late Mr. John Allan, of H. M. Audit office, London, to Agnes, second daughter of Mr. John Clark, of 137 Elizabeth street, Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (16 July 1859), 5 

Mr. George L. Allan gave one of his pleasant concerts at the Mechanics' Institution last night. The performers were as usual very numerous, and the choral effectiveness was of the most satisfactory kind. The selection of pieces was in very good taste. Of the part-songs, "Sweet Mary Gray," Bishop's "Chough and Crow," Steven's glee "From Oberon," Weber's "Huntsman's Chorus," and the "Tickling Trio," may be singled out as worthy of particular commendation. The solo pieces wore also given with excellent effect. The names of the executants were not mentioned, but the young lady who sang the very charming composition entitled "Beautiful Leaves," possesses a voice of uncommon purity and sweetness, and one which seems most abundant in promise. Mr. Allan is entitled to much praise for the constant endeavors he makes to promote the study and practice of vocal music, and his efforts are deserving of the most unqualified encouragement. The accompaniments wore played by a Miss James, who, though apparently a very young lady, possesses a more than sufficient command over her instrument.

"BIRTH", The Age (7 May 1860), 4 

On the 3rd May, at Carlton, the wife of Mr. George L. Allan, of a son.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 April 1876), 5 

The legal difficulties which have for the last twelve months threatened serious loss to the well-known firm of Wilkie, Webster and Allan have been at length settled in such a way as must prove highly satisfactory to all parties. Mr. Allan has become sole proprietor, and the business will in future be carried on under the style of Allan and Co. The agreement for purchase of the business Was concluded before the end of last year between Mr. Allan and Mr. Wilkie's representative, but the death of Mr. Wilkie delayed the final completion of the contract until now. Mr. Allan has made arrangements for the erection of splendid premises in Collins-street, next door to the present site. The building will be of three stories, with store at the back, and fitted up with every convenience for carrying on the business. All needful arrangements have been made for supply of stock of the first quality, and Mr. Allan seems determined that the deservedly high reputation which the house bears shall not suffer in his hands.


An application was made yesterday by Mr. Braham in the Insolvency Court that an unconditional certificate should be granted to George Leavis Allan and George Clark Allan, both of Sandringham, trading as Allan and Co., of Collins-street, Melbourne, music warehousemen.

The affidavits submitted in support of the application set out that the joint estate would probably pay a dividend of from 1s. to 1s. 3d. in the pound. George Clark Allan was singing master in the State schools from 1853 to 1863, In November, 1863, Joseph Wilkie and John Campbell Webster admitted him as a partner in the business of music warehousemen, and he contributed towards his share his savings in the aforesaid employment, amounting to £pound;650. In 1873 Joseph Wilkie became insane and involved him and Webster in an equity suit, which resulted in his having to pay £3000 for law costs and other expenses. In 1875 Wilkie and Webster died, and he purchased from their representatives their shares in the business, and the name was changed to Allan and Co. He paid £14,361 19s. 6d. for the shares of Wilkie and Webster. For the purpose of paying this amount he borrowed in 1876 from the Colonial Permanent Building Society on the security of a bill of sale over the stock in trade the sum of £9000, repayable by monthly instalments of £187 10s. and partly by promissory notes for £1959 7s. 6d., endorsed by David Guillan Clark, which were met at maturity; £3402 12s. was paid by him from time to time in cash out of the takings in his business.

In consequence of having to keep a heavy stock, he was obliged to borrow further moneys from the said society. In February, 1881, he had paid off all but £560 3s. 2d. of the loans, but at that time he borrowed from the society the sum of £12,000, which he required owing to the increased volume of his business. In February, 1884, the society advanced him £7000 which he employed in his business. On 21st February, 1885, he admitted his son, G. C. Allan, into partnership. In August, 1885, the society lent the firm the sum of £6000 in order to pay Virgoe, Son and Chapman what they owed them. Owing to the lease of their premises expiring in May, 1891 they took a lease of premises from the City Property about to be built by them at a yearly rental of £3000. In December, 1890, they borrowed from the society £22,000, from which the society retained £6441 4s. which was owing to it. In November, 1890, they gave the society a bill of sale over all their existing and future stock to secure the advance, and shares in the Victoria Junction Gold Mining Company, Taradale, were also transferred. The premises into which they moved were not worth more than £750 per annum. In January, 1892, owing to the general depression in business, they found it impossible to keep up the monthly payments to the society, and owing to the failure of Farrar and Co., on the 12th March last, to whom the firm owed upwards of £8000 for goods indented, for which acceptances were held by the Commercial Bank, they were compelled to sequestrate their estate. The profits made by them in business between October, 1875, and June, 1891, amounted to £53,311 13s. 10d.

Owing to the financial crisis of 1888 the business suddenly fell off, with the result that, in the year 1892, they sustained a loss in the business of £1750 15s. 1d.; for the year 1893, £129 5s.; and from June, 1893, to date of sequestration, the value of the stock was depredated by £4740 1s. 6d. The expense of exhibiting musical instruments at the New Zealand Exhibition in 1882 exceeded the amount realised on sales then by £510. The failure to pay 7s. in the pound was entirely owing to the large payments they had to make for interest, fees and commissions on indents, to the great depreciation in the value of the stock and the falling off of business since 1888, and the heavy rents they had to pay for the business premises.

His Honor granted the application for unconditional certificates.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 April 1897), 1

ALLAN. - On the 1st April, at Carrick, Lansowney road, East St Kilda, George Leavis Allan, in his 71st year.

[Obituary], The Argus (2 April 1897), 4

Members of the musical profession and old colonists will learn with regret of the death of Mr. George Leavis Allan, of Allan's music warehouse, Collins-street, which took place yesterday at his residence, Landsdowne-street, East St. Kilda. Just before Christmas Mr. Allan had a paralysis seizure, and a general break-up of the system followed, the immediate cause of death being failure of the heart's action. The late Mr. Allan, who was a colonist of 44 years and aged 71, was formerly a member of the Impend civil service, but came to search for gold, and spent some time on the diggings. On coming to Melbourne he was appointed a singing master under the Government, and later held the chief position as inspector and master. During that time he held his classes in St. Paul's schoolroom, and amongst his pupils were many who won distinction as artists. Mr. Allan also conducted with much success the great annual musical gatherings in the old Exhibition building. Later on he entered into partnership with the late Mr. Joseph Wilkie and Mr. Webster, and on the death of these gentlemen became the sole proprietor in the business. The depression of late years brought disasters to him, as to other Melbourne men, but throughout his business integrity was never in doubt, and he lost nothing of the esteem gained in long years of active and honourable work. He was naturally intimately acquainted with all the leading musical artists who for years past have visited Australia, and took a leading part in every movement for the advancement of music in Melbourne. The late Mr. Allan leaves a widow and family of six sons and two daughters, all grown up. The interment will take place this afternoon.

Musical works:

A collection of thirty standard psalm tunes in vocal score, selected by George L. Allan (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, music & general printer, [? c. 1856-58]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, "Allan, George Leavis (1826-1897)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Peter Game, The music sellers (Melbourne: The Hawthorn Press, 1976)

"Allan, George Clark (1860-1934)", Guide to Australian business records

ALLAN, John (John ALLAN; J. ALLAN; ALLEN [sic])

Engraver, printer

Born Scotland, c. 1826/27; son of Alexander and Janet ALLAN
Active Sydney, NSW, by July 1845 (as John Allan; 1855-67 as Allan and Wigley)
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1883, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


In 1847, as a lithographer for George Hudson, Allan drew on stone the illustrated cover and music of The Australian grand waltzes by Arthur Hill of the band of the 99th Regiment. Probably around the same time, as a zinc printer, he printed for Francis Ellard his editions, with illustrated covers, of the Railroad gallop and La polka quadrille by Musard.

Later, Allan and Wigley, lithographic printers, regularly produced cover lithography for sheet music prints published by J. R. Clarke.


[Advertisement], The Sentinel (9 July 1845), 1 

THE undersigned respectfully apprises his friends and the public generally, that he has commenced in the above line, in York-street, near the Barrack Gate where he intends carrying on the Engraving, Copper plate, and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches; and hopes by strict attention to business, to receive a share of public patronage. JOHN ALLAN.

[Advertisement], The Sentinel (24 September 1845), 1 

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. JOHN ALLAN, Stone, Seal, and Copper-plate Engraver, &c , begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he has removed from York-street, to A. Torning's Decorating Establishment, No. 6, BRIDGE-STREET, Where hp intends carrying on the Engraving and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches, and hopes, by strict attention to business and liberal charges, to receive a share of public patronage. N. B. - Maps mounted. and varnished. Sydney, September 9th.

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Torning

"DEATHS", Empire (18 August 1863), 1 

ALLAN - On the 20th June, at his residence, Bonnygate, Cupar, Fifeshire, Scotland, Alexander Allan, father of Mr. John Allan, engraver, George-street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1868), 1 

NOTICE.- The PARTNERSHIP, heretofore subsisting between the undernamed, as Engravers, Lithographers and Printers, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. JOHN ALLAN, WILLIAM H. WlGLEY Witness - GEO. C. T. ICETON, Solicitor, Sydney. 4th December, 1867. Referring to the above advertisement, I beg to state that the business will in future be carried on under the style and firm of W. H. WIGLEY and CO. All parties indebted to the late firm are respectfully requested to pay their accounts, and all accounts against the late firm of Allan and Wigley are requested to be sent in. W. H. WIGLEY. 297, George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1883), 1 

ALLAN. - October 22, at Dualla House, Upper Fort-street, John Allan, Esq., of Jamison-street, late of San Francisco, aged 57 years.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (16 November 1883), 6250 

In the intestate estate of John Allan, late of 84, Upper Fort street, Sydney, seal engraver, deceased . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 128-30 (DIGITISED)

ALLAN, William (William ALLAN)

Choirmaster (St. Mark's Church, Collingwood/Fitzroy)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1856), 1

WANTED a Tenor and a Bass Singer at St. Mark's Church. William Allan, choir-master.


Amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1836 (shareable link to this entry)


"Mr. Allen", an amateur, sang Braham's dramatic scena The death of Nelson at John Philip Deane's first Sydney concert in May 1836, when his "strong Scotch idiom" was remarked upon.

He may be connected with the Allen who was a scene painter in July that year, as also previously his son, for Barnett Levey's theatres.


[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (18 May 1836), 1 

MR. JOHN PHILLIP DEANE, Member of the Philharmonic Society, and Professor of Music, BEGS to announce to his Friends and the Public generally of Sydney, and its vicinity, that he will give a CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, at the Royal Hotel,
THIS EVENING, May 18, 1836, on which occasion the following talent will render their valuable assistance:
PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS - Mr. Cavendish, Mr. Allen, Mr. Stubbs, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Wilson, Masters John & Edward Deane, Miss Deane, several Gentlemen Amateurs, Mr. Aldis, and Mrs. Chester.
PART I . . . Song - Death of Nelson, Mr. Allen - Bishop [Braham] . . .
Glee - The Foresters, Amateurs - Bishop
PART II . . . Glee - My sweet Dorabella, Mrs. Chester, Mr. Deane, & Amateurs - Mozart . . .
Glee and Chorus - Away, away, the morning freshly breaking, by all the Vocalists - Auber . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (19 May 1836), 3

. . . Mr. Allen, an amateur, sung the "Death of Nelson;" his voice is musical but weak, and would have sounded much better in some of the simple Scotch Melodies, which would have been graced by his strong Scotch idiom; it was not, however, sufficiently strong to give effect to the song he sang . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Australian (20 May 1836), 2 

. . . The next song, the Death of Nelson, was one, we think, as little suitable as could be selected for Mr. Allen; a more simple ballad would be better suited to his voice . . .

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 May 1836), 3 

. . . The "Death of Nelson" awakened many old associations, which have long been sleeping. It was sung by Mr. Allen, though in a voice naturally weak, and rather tremulous, yet, with peculiarly good taste and appropriate feeling . . .

? "THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 3

. . . Mr. Allen has painted one or two new scenes, a fortress scene and another, very creditably . . .

Bibliography and resources:

? "H. Allen", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Cellist, violincello player

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850 (shareable link to this entry)

Uncertain whether connected with the above or below:



Active Adelaide, SA, by 1855

Uncertain whether connected with the above:

ALLEN, Mary Ann (Mary Ann ALLEN; Mrs. John LIMB)

Juvenile vocalist, choir singer

Born Dorsetshire, England, c. 1847; daughter of John ALLEN
Active SA, 1859
Married John LIMB, Gawler, SA, 2 May 1871
Died Gawler, SA, 18 November 1914 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3


"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sent in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (23 May 1856), 3 

. . . Beethoven's overture to "Men of Prometheus" was decidedly well performed, as was also the trio by Hummel for the violin, violoncello, and piano, performed by Mr. Chapman, Mr. Allen, and Herr Linger. We must confess, however, that this latter composition appeared rather too heavy for the concert-room . . .

"MARRIAGE", Gawler Times (5 May 1871), 2 

LIMB. - ALLEN. - On the 2nd May, at the Wesleyan Church, Gawler, by the Rev. S. T. Withington, Mr. John Limb to Miss Mary Ann Allen, both of Gawler.

"DEATHS", The Express and Telegraph (18 November 1914), 1 

LIMB - On the 18th November, at Finniss-street, Gawler, Mary Ann, dearly beloved wife of John Limb, aged 67 years.

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (19 November 1914), 4 

"Our Sainted Dead. MARY ANN LIMB", Australian Christian Commonwealth (29 January 1915), 13 

The church at Tod Street, and also the town of Gawler, have suffered a severe loss by the passing of the wife of Mr. John Limb, who is one of our oldest and most honoured workers. For upwards of half a century Mrs. Limb played a varied and important part in Gawler Methodism. As a member of the choir she for fifty years rendered devoted and effective service . . .

"MUSICAL NOTES. By John Dempster", The Mail (18 February 1939), 15 

MRS. J. L. Davey, the contralto who in 1935 distinguished herself at Ballarat Eisteddfod by winning the Australian song prize and sacred solo, is a link with that period when the foundations of our musical culture were laid by Carl Linger; for Mrs. Davey's mother as Mary Ann Allen (later Mrs. John Limb) sang the "Song of Australia," with others, at its first performance at Gawler on December 12, 1859 . . .

ALLEN, David (David ALLEN; Mr. D. ALLEN)

Vocalist, convict

Born England, c. 1816
Tried Salford, Lancaster, England, 25 October 1841, sentenced to 7 years transportation
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 December 1842 (convict per Triton, aged 26, from London, 26 July) (shareable link to this entry)


According to the Colonial Times, a tenor singer Mr. D. Allen was one of five "young men of the Hebrew religion" who formed the choir for the opening ceremonies of Hobart Synagogue on 4 July 1845. Some of the music sung at the service survives in keyboard arrangements made by Joseph Reichenberg and later published as Ancient Hebrew melodies (Hobart: Thomas Browne, [1847]).

He is almost certainly David Allen, convict per Triton, a serial re-offender whose original 7-year sentence of 1841 was extended to 1853, or even later.


Convict record, David Allen, per Triton, departed London, 17 August 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1368606$init=CON33-1-33p5 

Allen David . . . Jew. Can read French / Trade: Coach painter - perfect / . . . Age 26 . . . Cert. of Freedom 29 June 1853

[News], Colonial Times (8 July 1845), 2

THE interesting ceremony of the dedication of the Synagogue took place on Friday the 4th instant . . . The ceremony commenced with one of Haydn's most favourite symphonies admirably performed by a choice orchestra led by Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Reichenberg presiding at the piano. The choir was admirable, and singing of very first order; the melodies beautiful, and the harmonies perfect. A procession composed of the officers of the congregation circumambulated the avenues formed by the visitors seven times, at each interval the choir, accompanied by the orchestra, singing select passages of appropriate Psalms, but arranged to beautiful melodies . . . The 39th Psalm was then chaunted by the choir with great taste and effect. Another prayer then followed, after which the 150th Psalm was sung by the choir, the Hallelujahs particularly beautifully, indeed it is only due to the gentlemen who formed the choir to say that their performances would have done credit to any London Concert of Sacred Music . . .

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R. attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority . . .

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3 

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (14 October 1845), 3 

David Allen, for the robbery at Messrs. Nathan, Moses, & Co., was fully committed on Saturday to take his trial at the Supreme Court, on a charge of stealing two table covers and a surtout coat, the property of that firm. The evidence of a shopman, since discharged, named Evans, went to show, as did that of the other shopmen, that they never sold the articles in question, nor did they know how they left the shop. The depositions of Constable Goldsmith and Taylor (not Brown, as we before stated) disclosed the mode of apprehending the prisoners, as also the manner in which he carried off the property, the latter being explained by the prisoner, in answer to questions put to him by Mr. Nathan. From this it appears, that the prisoner took away the articles, concealed by the coat he usually wore, and conveyed them to Alcock's, where he pledged them. The prisoner, who appeared much dejected, declined to question the several witnesses, and said he would reserve his defence for his trial.

Trial of David Allen, P. per Triton, 21 October 1845; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1505611$init=SC32-1-5p192jpg 

6th Case / David Allen / 7926. Triton. P. / Guilty - stealing from his master Louis Nathan . . .

? "TASMANIA. HOBART TOWN MEMS", Geelong Advertiser [VIC] (23 February 1859), 2 

David Allen, a prisoner of the Crown, was charged with absconding in October, 1852, from the service of the Rev. Mr. Williams, at Launceston, and remaining illegally at large until apprehended in January last in the colony of Victoria. He was sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment, with hard labor.

? "DEATHS", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (9 December 1861), 2 

On the 6th instant, David Allen, aged 42 years, late of Huntingdon, U.S.A., of aneurism.

ALLEN, Edward (1) (Edward ALLEN; Mr. ALLEN)

Amateur (and semi-professional) tenor vocalist, theatrical dancer, actor, tailor, draper

Born England, c. 1801/02
Married Mary Ann HARRISON (d. 1877), St. Pancras Old Church, London, 6 June 1826
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1839 (per Eweretta, from London, 28 August 1838)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 December 1843 (per Mary Ann, from Sydney, 25 November)
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 27 August 1875, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ALLEN, Edward (2) (Master Edward ALLEN; Master ALLEN; Edward ALLEN, jun.)

Boy soprano vocalist, merchant tailor, draper

Born England, 10 December 1830; baptised (1) St. Luke's Chelsea, England, 12 January 1831; baptised (2) [sic] St. Andrew's, Sydney, 2 October 1842 [sic]; son of Edward Allen and Mary Ann ALLEN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1839 (per Eweretta, from London, 28 August 1838)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 December 1843 (per Mary Ann, from Sydney, 25 November)
Married Elizabeth WILSON, Hobart, TAS, 18 August 1858
Died Petersham, NSW, 5 October 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Edward Allen, and his wife Mary Ann, and two sons, arrived in Sydney on the Eweretta on 4 January 1839. Having evidently found work during 1839 as a tailor's assistant, Edward set up in business himself in January 1840, advertising his 16-years' past experience in London. He was probably also the Mr. Allen who first appeared around the same time as a stage dancer, a performer of tableaxu vivants and poses plastiques, and in minor acting roles in John Lazar's company at the Royal Victoria Theatre, continuing there for most of 1840, and perhaps also informally engaged as a costumier. Ahead of Sydney's August fancy ball, he advertised again to the public as a supplier of suitable costumes.

As "Mr. Allen" and "Master Edward Allen", the two Edwards both sang in Isaac Nathan's oratorio, at St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney, on 30 June 1841.

Edward, senior, sang with George Worgan and William Griffiths, in Nathan's new glee, Drink, and a fig for all sorrows, in October 1841. He was also a soloist in the first complete Sydney performance of Handel's Messiah for James Johnson and Thomas Leggatt in August 1842; and is last documented appearing in Sydney for John Philip Deane in September 1842.

Father and son were probably the Mr. and Master Allen who arrived in Hobart from Sydney in December 1843, and Edward junior was first reported singing for the Hobart Town Choral Society in October 1844. Reporting in January 1845 on Master Allen's singing of "O thou that tellest" from Messiah for the Hobart Town Choral Society , The Courier feared he

. . . will probably soon be lost to the musical world in the parts he now takes, accomplished very neatly, though wanting in mellowness of tone and evidently deficient in the delicate refinements of the art . . .

Nevertheless, a year later, the Colonial Times could not:

. . . pass over the singing of Master Allen, who is almost a colonial 'phenomenon'. His style is good, chaste, and tasteful, and his intonation distinct and perfect. He reminds us a good deal of Master Longhurst, so much admired many years ago at Covent Garden and the London concerts.

Edward senior was a vocal performer for the Gautrots' concert in November 1844. For them again in December 1845 he sang Barker's The white squall and Isaac Nathan's Byron setting Tambourgi.

He also appeared in Charles Packer's May Day concert in 1848, and sang Haydn's In native worth for the Hobart Choral Society in November 1848. According to his obituary he was also an active member of the Hobart Town Glee Club.


Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Australian (5 January 1839), 2 

January 4. - The Eweretta, J. Gilmore, master, left London, August 28th, and the Cape, November 14th; laden with merchandise. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Allen and 2 children . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 January 1840), 1 

EDWARD ALLEN, TAILOR, &c., BEGS to acquaint his friends and the Public generally, that having established himself in Hill's Buildings, Pitt street, nearly opposite the Mechanics' School of Arts, he has commenced business upon his own account in the above line, in all its branches; and trusts, that after a fair trial he will be found economical, attentive, and expeditious, trusting to CASH payments. From his former superintendence of some of the first houses in London during a period of sixteen years, and in a first rate line, together with a considerable colonial experience; he flatters himself that he will be found second to none in ability, neatness, and superior workmanship.

"THE THEATRE. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (20 January 1840), 2 

. . . What performers have we lost? Mr. Knowles, Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Knowles, Mr. Lee, Mrs. Cameron, Mr. Winters, Mr. Simmons, and others of less note; and who are we treated to in return? Mr. Meredith, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Allen, Mr. Riley, and Mrs. Arabin. This is the present amount of talent to satisfy the public for the next four months . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (12 May 1840), 2 

It is with extreme reluctance that we notice the misconduct of Messrs. Falchon and Allen during the representation on Saturday evening . . . which is neither more nor less than appearing on the stage in a state of helpless intoxication. Mr. Falchon fell down, and required the assistance of three or four persons to carry him off. Mr. Allen lost his perpendicularity, and made a somerset into the orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 August 1840), 1 

Plain and Fancy Dresses. Cheapness & Expedition, EDWARD ALLEN, TAILOR, (From Silver and Co., Cornhill, London.) BEGS most respectfully to return his grateful acknowledgements for the patronage so liberally bestowed on him, since his commencement in business; and from his experience in the best shops in the West End of London, for the space of sixteen years, he without fear of contradiction from any person in the trade, in Sydney, boldly asserts, he is capable of making any garment (Fancy or Plain) with which he may be intrusted . . . Perceiving by advertisement, that a Fancy Ball is about to be got up, under the patron age of the respectable Traders and Operatives of Sydney, he further begs to inform the public generally, that he has had the honor of making some of the most splendid and difficult dresses worn at the late Fancy Ball . . . E. Allen, Hill's Buildings, Pitt-street south, (opposite Huggett's General Store,) between Park and Market Streets. August 18, 1840.

[Advertisement], The Colonist (5 September 1840), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. MR. KNOWLES' BENEFIT . . . MONDAY EVENING next, September 7 . . .
To be succeeded by a series of LIVING STATUES, OR, STUDIES FROM THE ANTIQUE, Personated by Mr. ALLEN . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (30 September 1840), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. FOR THE JOINT BENEFIT OF RILEY & FENTON. Thursday, Oct. 1, 1840 . . .
An entire New Indian Dance from the celebrated Drama of Robinson Crusoe, by MR. ALLEN . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (7 October 1840), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. TICKET NIGHT. For the Benefit of Mr. Allen and others.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1840 . . . a DANCE by Miss LAZAR.
The comic Song of THE LADY'S DARLING, by Mr. LEE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (12 October 1840), 1 

A new senes of Bronze Statues - Mr. Allen . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

ORATORIO. MR. NATHAN has the honor to announce that on Wednesday, June 30th, 1841, will be given, at St. Mary's Cathedral, a GRAND ORATORIO . . . Vocal Performers . . . Mr. Allen, Mr. Falchon . . . Master Edward Allen . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 October 1841), 1 

SOPRANOS and TREBLES . . . Master Tuohy, Master Reilly, Master Allen, and Master Temple Nathan.
TENORES. Mr. Worgan, Mr. Allen, Mr. Falchon, Mr. Boyce, and Mr. Nathan . . .

"Mr. Nathan's Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 October 1841), 2 

. . . "Drink and a fig for sorrow," a new composition of Mr. Nathan's followed . . . The glee to the same words, (composed for the Sydney Harmonic Club,) was rich in melody and harmony, and gave us great delight - it was well sung by Messrs. Griffiths, Worgan, Allen, &c. &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 May 1842), 1 

WILL be performed THIS EVENING, the 27th May, 1842. The Overtures and the whole of the Music, expressly arranged . . . by Mr. Nathan.
SOPRANOS AND TREBLES . . . Master Allen, Master Richards, Master Riley, Masters Tuohy, Master Nathan, and the Masters Weavers.
TENORS. Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Whitfield, Mr. Allen, Mr. Richards, Mr. Kelly, and Mr. Nathan . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1842), 1 

GRAND ORATORIO in aid of the funds of the Benevolent Society . . .
THIS EVENING, the 31st of August, HANDEL'S GRAND ORATORIO of the MESSIAH . . .
on which occasion the following professional performers have kindly offered their gratuitous assistance -
Mrs. S. W. Wallace, Messrs. Leggatt, Johnson, Deane, E. Deane, Griffiths, Allen, Worgan, and Egerton . . . PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS. Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. S. W. Wallace, Mrs. Curtis, Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Waller, Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Allen, and Master Weavers . . .

"THE ORATORIO", Australasian Chronicle (1 September 1842), 2 

At last the immortal "Messiah" has been performed in Sydney. We are so rejoiced at this revival of our finest recollections of "harmony divine," that we are much inclined to forget our duty of critic and praise every thing in the performance. Glad we are to say, there was much to praise. Of the recitatives and arias, it is true, we can say but little, with the exception of "How beautiful are the feet," by Mr. Allen, and another by an amateur, both of which displayed taste and feeling . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1842), 2 

. . . It is not our intention to particularise each solo - the best of the evening were undoubtedly Mrs. Bushelle's and Mr. Allen's . . . Mr. Allen took us by surprise - we must confess that we never listened to him with even comfort till now - but the sweetness and evenness of tone, and correctness of style with which he sang "How beautiful are the Feet," pleased much, and gave proof of considerable practice and good teaching . . .

"ORATORIO", The Colonial Observer (3 September 1842), 6 

. . . Of the recitativos and arias our praise must be more qualified. "How beautiful are the feet," by Mr. Allen, and "I know that my redeemer liveth," by Mrs. Curtis, were performed with genuine taste and feeling, although the latter evidently cost a severe effort . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1842), 1

VOCAL PERFORMERS. Mrs. Bushelle, Madame Gautrot, and Mrs. Wallace; Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Allen, and several other gentlemen amateurs . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Colonial Times (19 December 1843), 3

DEC. 13. - Arrived the schooner Mary Ann, Brown, master, from Sydney 25th ult., with a general cargo. Passengers - Mr. Jones, Mrs. Wells, Mr. Allen, Master Allen . . .

"HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (22 October 1844), 2

The second public performance of this highly useful society took place on Tuesday evening last, in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute . . . The first part was Romberg's delightful ode, "The Transient and the Eternal" . . . The second part was of a mixed character, comprising detached pieces from the works of Mozart, Handel, Haydn, and other esteemed composers . . . Our attention was particularly called to the beautiful manner in which some of the solos were sung; but as the vocalists, with the exception we have named, are all amateurs, we fear to offend by making particular mention of names. We must, however, break through this rule in favour of Masters Allen and Phillips, whose singing, considering their ages, was really delightful . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

The following Ladies and Gentlemen have kindly tendered their valuable assistance: -
Mrs. Stirling, Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Curtis, Mr. Reichenberg, Mr. J. Howson, Mr. F. Howson, Mr. H. Howson, W. Howson, A. Howson, Mr. Russell, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Duly, Mr. Singer, Mr. Pyecroft, Mr. G. F. Duly,
Mr. Allen, Master Allen, and several Amateurs . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Duet - "Say, Rover, say" - Mad. Gautrot & Mr. Allen . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2

. . . The air, "O thou that tellest," Master Allen, who will probably soon be lost to the musical world in the parts he now takes, accomplished very neatly, though wanting in mellowness of tone and evidently deficient in the delicate refinements of the art. He succeeded still better in the subsequent air, "He shall feed his flock," which he gave with considerable feeling . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 October 1845), 2

THE introduction of Judas Maccabaeus to the acquaintance of the musical amateurs of Hobart Town, furnishes another pleasing proof of the characteristic spirit and zeal of this excellent society. Their sixth public performance, on Tuesday evening, consisted entirely of selections from this fine Oratorio . . . The exquisitely beautiful songs with which this Oratorio abounds, were given in a style that, from the circumstance just named, we should have considered it unreasonable to expect, by Messrs. McGregor, Allen, Cresswell, and Williams. To Master Allen a high meed of praise must be awarded. His voice possesses much sweetness; he has been well trained; and, throughout the evening, he furnished proofs of a remarkable precocity of musical taste and talent. Nor must we omit to notice the unobtrusive merits of Mrs. Elliott, evinced not only in her piano accompaniments, but in the style of unaffected and beautiful simplicity with which she took a part in some of the duets. "O lovely peace," sung by Mrs. Elliott and Master Allen, was one of the "gems" of the evening . . .

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME GAUTROT", The Courier (20 December 1845), 2

The result of the Concert on Tuesday evening could not but be gratifying to our old favourites . . . Mr. Allen gave the "White Squall" and Lord Byron's fine song "Tambourgi," both of which received their due share of applause . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (23 January 1846), 3

. . . We cannot, however, pass over the singing of Master Allen, who is almost a colonial "phenomenon." His style is good, chaste, and tasteful, and his intonation distinct and perfect. He reminds us a good deal of Master Longhurst, so much admired many years ago at Covent Garden and the London concerts. With care and application, Master Allen will become a proficient in the art. The attendance was numerous and of the first respectability, including a majority of ladies. Madame Gautrot, Mrs. Elliott, who presided at the piano, and Messrs. McGregor and Allen, exerted themselves with much effect, and the choruses were well performed.

"THE ORATORIO", The Observer (20 January 1846), 3 

This amusement takes place this evening in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute . . . At the last rehearsal the Hallelujah Chorus was ably performed . . . The contra-alto solo, "Oh! thou that bearest glad tidings to Sion," of Master Allen, is a chaste performance, but the rehearsal was overpowered by the accompaniment, and the performer should be elevated when singing the solo. His voice is musically sweet, but too weak for such an accompaniment . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Observer (27 January 1846), 3 

. . . Mr. Duly profited by the advice given in our notice of rehearsal by leading the sopranos, and the accompaniments to Master Allen's solos were sufficiently subdued to admit of his voice being distinctly heard . . . Mr. Allen's contra alto was particularly distinguishable for its sweetness and tone . . .

"ST DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2

Balance Sheet of the Accounts of the Churchwardens of St. David's Church, from 1st day of January to 31st day of December, 1845, both inclusive . . .
EXPENDITURE . . . Sundry disbursements for Oil, Candles, Fuel, Washing, Allen for Singing, and Fees for Counsel - 32 18 8 . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

. . . The choruses were well sustained, and the solos were executed with taste and skill, by Madame Gautrot, Mr. McGregor, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Belbin . . . The duet, "O Lovely Peace," was very sweetly sung by Mrs. Elliott, and Master Allen . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 July 1846), 2 

. . .In this general summary, however, it would be unjust not to particularize the admirable style in which Mr. Allen gave the beautiful air, "Come, ever-smiling Liberty!" . . . and the superior character of the spirit-stirring trio, "Disdainful of danger," by Messrs. Allen, Creswell, and Allen jun., who well sustained their local reputation . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (5 December 1846), 2

THE Tenth Oratorio of this Society, consisting of selections from Handel's Samson and Gardiner's Judah, was performed on Thursday evening, November 26, in the Lecture Hall of the Mechanics' Institution . . . Mr. Allen displayed his usual taste . . .

"LOCAL", The Courier (22 April 1848), 2 

THE HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY gave their fifteenth oratorio in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Melville-street, on Tuesday evening last . . . The programme consisted of selections from "Judas Maccabeus," "Israel in Egypt," Glovers "Song of Hope," and a splendid ode, "The transient and the Eternal," of Andreas Romberg. Of these selections the most difficult was sung by Messrs. Allen and Belbin, Mrs. Elliott and Miss Duly . . . We do not forget to express our approbation Mr. Allen in the air, "Sound an alarm" . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 April 1848), 2

VOCALISTS. Madame Callegari, Mr. Duly, Mr. Allen, Charles S. Packer.
On this occasion will be presented some curious Madrigals composed during the 14th, 15th, and 16th Centuries,
to give effect to which several Amateurs have kindly proffered their assistance . . .

"STREET ROBBERY", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (14 September 1848), 3 

Another robbery in Melville-street, which makes people ask "where were the police," occurred on Sunday night. Mr. Allen, of the Choral Society, proceeding to his residence, was knocked down by a blow under the ear from behind, and robbed of his watch.

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (17 November 1848), 2

The seventeenth oratorio of this most useful Society took place on Tuesday evening last . . . The music selected for the performance was from Haydn's Oratorio, many parts of which were given with much taste and feeling, and with exquisite effect. The air "With verdure clad," by Miss Duly and "On mighty pens," by Miss Callow, elicited much and well deserved applause; and the solo parts in the terzetto, "Most beautiful appear," were exceedingly well given by Miss Duly and Messrs. Allen and Belbin. The air "Now Heaven in fullest glory," by Mr. Belbin - "In native worth," by Mr. Allen - and the singing of Miss Edwards in the trio "On thee each living soul awaits," afforded much pleasure. The duett and chorus, "By thee with bliss," was perhaps the gem of the evening, and gave unqualified satisfaction . . .

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1875; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1152233; RGD35/1/8 no 2962$init=RGD35-1-8p343 

"ONE MORE GONE", The Mercury (2 September 1875), 2 

We learn with much regret of the death of Mr. Edward Allen, sen., son of Mr. E. Allen [sic], of the late firm of Fryer and Allen, in this city. Deceased was an old colonist, deservedly and universally respected in the circle of those who had many opportunities of knowing his worth - old members of the Choral Society, Glee Club, and St. David's Cathedral Choir - will read this announcement with sincere sorrow, Mr. Allen being enthusiastically devoted to the musical art, always willingly contributing the aid of his pleasing tenor voice, in choral gatherings, and more especially at the meetings of the associations alluded to.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1910), 10 

ALLEN. -October 5, 1910, at his residence, Norwood-street, Petersham, Edward Allen, in his 80th year, late of Launceston Tas., and many years in Adelaide, S.A. Beloved father of Albert G. H. Allen, Crystal-street, Petersham. At rest Adelaide and Tasmanian papers please copy.

ALLEN, Edward (3) (Edward ALLEN)

Music lithographer, surveyor (? amateur choral singer), ? former convict

Born ? England, c. 1821/22
? Arrived VDL (TAS), 1841 (convict per Layton)
Active Launceston, TAS, by 1857
Died Latrobe, TAS, 19 November 1877, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Adams (singing class instructor)


? Convict record, Edward Allen, per Layton, 1841; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1368608$init=CON33-1-10p3 

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (13 June 1857), 1

MR. ALLEN having established a Lithographic press in connection with his Land Mart, is now prepared to print maps, plans, drawings, circulars, &., &c. Charles-street, Feb. 14.

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (9 April 1859), 2

The prospects of the scheme appear to be improving; nearly two hundred and fifty tickets were disposed of last night, and the classes (with the members of the Philharmonic Society) filled the Assembly Room. - The lessons last evening were introductory ones in notation, to and which Mr. Adams furnished each member with the notes lithographed by Mr. Allen, which will be a great advantage to pupil and teacher.

"To the Editor . . . MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

We stated in our last that we had received from Mr. Adams a piece of music composed for his class. The music itself is excellent, and well adapted for the purpose: - that is to give the time. We shall not comment upon the verses more than to observe that it is wonderful how Mr. Adams could find music for them so harsh and discordant as they are. The music is beautifully lithographed we believe by Mr. Allen, of Charles-Street, and may be had for 6d. each piece.

"DEATH", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 November 1877), 2 

ALLEN. - On the 19th November, at his late residence, Latrobe, Mr. Edward Allen, aged 56 years.

ALLEN, Francesca (Madame Francesca ALLEN; Madame ALLEN; Madame ALLAN [sic])

Soprano, mezzo-soprano vocalist

Born Madeira, Spain, ?
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid December 1850
Active Adelaide, SA, March 1851 to February 1852
Active Melbourne, VIC, February to September 1852
Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, May and June 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


A pupil of Domenico Crivelli and Joseph de Pinna, "from the London concerts", Francesca Allen announced on 14 December 1850 that she would shortly give her first Sydney concert. This took place of 20 December, with the assistance of leading local vocalists and instrumentalists.

A selection of songs from her concerts are among the only items of sheet music known to have been issued by John Gibbs during his shortlived publishing venture (with George and Elizabeth Hudson) as J. Gibbs and Co..

She was in Adelaide by March 1851, and, after having sung in Catherine Jupp's concert in April 1851, was incorrectly identified in a review as "Madame Caradori Allen", the great veteran London soprano. She may have been connected in some way with Maria Caradori-Allan (1800-1865), however, since in 1853 Francesca sang in several concerts with Harriet Fiddes, who, as Miss H. Cawse, had regularly appeared with Caradori Allan in London.

In Adelaide her repertoire including a cavatina by Bellini and Jenny Lind's "favorite song" My fatherland. And by February 1852, when she sailed for Melbourne, the Register was calling her "The Australian Nightingale" (the earliest known use of the term).

She sang in concerts in Melbourne from March 1852 through to September.

By early May 1853 she was in Sydney, singing in John Winterbottom's Jullien concerts. At the last two of these, on 19 and 20 May, she sang with Harriet Fiddes and Flora Harris, with Henry Marsh conducting. Fiddes and Allen then toured the Maitland district in May and June, after which she disappears from Australian record.

She briefly reappeared in press advertisements in Scotland in December 1859 and January 1860, and again, thereafter, disappears.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1850), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20. GRAND EVENING CONCERT. MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN, pupil of Signor Creveli and Signor Pinna, from the London concerts . . . F Further particulars will be duly announced.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1850), 1 

Under the immediate patronage of His Excellency SIR CHARLES FITZ ROY, K.C.B.
By the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield, the splendid BAND of H. M. 11th Regiment will be in attendance.
First appearance of MADAME HETZER, a celebrated Pianiste, from Germany, who has generously offered her gratuitous services.
National Anthem - Madame F. Allen, Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. Guerin, Madame Carandini, Messrs. F. and J. Howson, and Military Band
Overture - Semiramide, (Rossini), Military Band
Quartette - Ye spotted Snakes, Mrs. Guerin, Miss Sara Flower, Mr. J. Howson, and Mr. F. Howson
Recitative and Air - Italian, (Mozart), Madame F. ALLEN
Scena - The Maniac, (Russell), Mr. F. Howson
Scena- Io non ti posso, (Donizetti), Miss Sara Flower
Canzonet- When I met thee first in May, (T. Williams), Mr. J. Howson
Ballad - The Irish Emigrant, (Barker), Madame Carandini
Fantasia, Pianoforte - Sur des motifs del Opera Les Huguenots, Madame HETZER
Ballad - Woman's Heart, Enchantress, (Balfe), Madame FRANCESCA ALLAN
Ballad - Child ot the Sun, Bondman, (Balfe), Mrs. Guerin
Fantasia, Flute- From L'Ambassadrice, (O.P. 75 Tulou). Mons. Longchamps
Duet - Bright lovely image -Semiramide, Miss Sara Flower and Mr. F. Howson
Overture - Lestocq, Auber - Military Band
Quartette - Mrs. Guerin, Miss S. Flower, Mr. J .Howson, and Mr. F. Howson
Ballad - We yet may meet again, (E. L. Hime), Madame F. ALLEN
Song - The Englishman, (Blockley), Mr. F. Howson
Song - The Lute Song, from Anna Bolena, Miss Sara Flower
Divertissement - Flute, from the Ballet of Giselle, Monsieur Longchamps
Comic Duet - Senza tanti complimenti, Miss Sara Flower and Mr. F. Howson
Ballad - The Winter Tree, (Blockley), words by ElizaCook - Madame Carandini
Ballad - There is a Flower that Bloometh, (Maritana), Mr. J. Howson
Ballad - They say there is some Distant Land, (Bondman) Balfe, Madame F. Allen
Ballad - The Old Arm Chair (by desire), Miss Sara Flower
Trio - Through the World, (Bohemian Girl), Mrs. Guerin, Mr. J. Howson, and Mr. F. Howson
Finale - Railway Gallop, Military Band.
Doors open at halt-past seven-Concert to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Boxes £2 each; single ticket 6s.; pit stalls 6s.; pit 4s.; upper boxes 3s. each; to be had of Mr. Grocott, Mr. Piddington, Mr. Ford, George-street, and of Messrs. Kern and Mader.
Boxes may be secured of Mr. F. Howson, William-street, Woolloomooloo, Mr. Wyatt, Victoria Hotel, Pitt-street, and of Mr. Allen, No. 10, Bridge-street.

"MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 2

This lady's debut, on Friday evening last, was marked by many advantages in her favour. First - there was the fullest programme given we ever remembered - the whole vocal strength of the profession assisting her - and a capital audience to applaud her. The military band, too, of the 11th Regiment set the ear to tune by their superb style and finish of Rossini's overture to Semiramlde. Madame F. Allen commenced with a recitative and aria. She was evidently much agitated, and did not appear, at all used to singing on the public boards. She, however, in the second part of the concert, in a ballad, "We yet may meet again," at once showed her compass of voice, and received a generous encore. There is much in this lady's favour; she is of genteel, prepossessing appearance, good manners, and no doubt an accomplished singer. We have been informed that Madeira claims the honor of her nativity; but that in early life she was sent to England, most likely for musical education; and now New South Wales is to have the benefit of her skill and science as one of the stars in the southern musical sphere . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 3

Music, Music, Music. JUST PUBLISHED. - The following Songs,
as sung at Madame Francesca Allen's Grand Evening Concert, with unbounded applause.
The Irish Emigrant
They Say there ls Some Distant Land
The Old Arm Chair, &c. &c.,
60 Sixty Polkas, 1s. each.
J. GIBBS & CO., 377, Pitt-street, Sydney.

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1850), 2 

It is always with pleasure that we welcome the debut of a new cantatrice at our musical re-unions, and that of Madame Allen on Friday evening was in many respects a happy one. In the first place the fair beneficiare had an excellent and fashionable audience, and her performances were very warmly greeted. Madame Allen is certainly an acquisition to the musical world of Sydney, as by study we have no doubt she will become a very meritorious performer, possessing, as she undoubtedly does, very great physical capabilities. Her voice is a fine rich soprano, of great power, her personal appearance is much in her favour, and though we cannot think her selection of songs was very favourable for the display of her abilities, she acquitted herself creditably . . . On the whole, we do not recollect to have ever been at so very excellent a concert in Sydney, the only ground for complaint being that there was something too much of it . . .

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (7 March 1851), 3

It will be perceived on reference to our advertising columns, that Madame Francesca Allen intends giving a concert at the Exchange Rooms next Wednesday evening . . .

"MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (13 March 1851), 2 

There was a highly respectable, but not a crowded attendance at the Exchange last evening. The latter fact we noticed with some regret, as, in the paucity of female vocalists, we had hoped to find all lovers of music eager to witness the debut of a lady whose reputation as a singer had preceded her. Madame F. Allen fully realized last evening the most sanguine expectations formed by those who read the favourable notices which appeared in the Sydney papers. Her voice is sweet and powerful, and capable of further improvement; her articulation singularly distinct - a cardinal virtue in a vocalist - and her personal appearance is highly attractive; altogether, she is the most fascinating singer we have heard in South Australia, and, with judicious culture, her fine voice may long put rivalry at defiance. The ballad, "We yet may meet again," was given with force and feeling, and Verdi's "Oh dischiuso e il firmamento," as sweetly as if no language harsher than Italian ever flowed from her lips. The song, "Mother's Farewell," from Norma, contrasts well with the livelier translation from Kucken, which was sung with spirit and an appropriate assumption of arch humour, and both songs were deservedly encored . . .

"MRS. JUPP'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 April 1851), 2

. . . Madame Caradori Allen's voice is clear, of a sweet tone, and of good compass; but the absence of animation and expression in a degree mars the effect of her singing . . .

"KOORINGA CONCERTS", South Australian Register (30 April 1851), 3

Mr. Bambrick's second concert took place on Saturday, the 26th instant, when Madame Allen again appeared. Her reception on this occasion was most triumphant; one universal feeling of inexpressible rapture prevailed; every song was loudly encored, and the lady resumed her seat amidst great applause . . . This little Jenny Lind of the Burra seems to have quite infatuated the elite of the North.

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (19 September 1851), 3

. . . Madame Francesca Allen was exceedingly pleasing, even after Madame Caperre's brilliant performance; and she manifested a correct judgment in the choice of pieces adapted to her musical powers . . .

"MR. BANCROFT'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (17 October 1851), 2 

This affair, the expected excellence of which had been noised abroad for several weeks past, came off on Wednesday night, and was a dead failure. The performance of most of the morceaux, in the programme, was below mediocrity, and in one or two instances execrable. Madame Allen's rendering of that pretty song from Balfe's Bondsman, "They say there is some distant land," was the only redeeming feature in the concert . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", South Australian Register (2 February 1852), 2 

Saturday, January 31 - The barque Competitor, 390 tons, M. Young, master, for Melbourne. Passengers - Mrs. Emmett, Miss Blackham . . . in the cabin; Madame Allan, and the Misses Wakon, Scrivener, and Woolcombe, in the intermediate . . .

"THE AUSTRALIAN NIGHTINGALE", South Australian Register (2 February 1852), 3

Madame Allen's name figures amongst the passengers hence to Melbourne by the Competitor. We hope she may live golden opportunities of profiting by her warbling notes.

"IS IT AN ERROR", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 March 1852), 2

We observe the following paragraph in the Melbourne Argus: -

MUSICAL.- Amongst the latest arrivals from Adelaide we observe, with pleasure, the name of Madame Francesca Allen, for some time past the first soprano singer in that Colony."

Surely it must be a misprint, and the "first" is meant for "worst." But if she really is the best soprano singer the South Australians have had amongst them for some time, they must have been badly off, indeed, for music. The accompanying, taken from the Melbourne Herald, would lead us to infer that she had electrified the Port Phillippians -

"The Concert, last night, for the benefit, of Mr. Hemy was crammed to suffocation . . . Mrs. Testar, as usual carried all before her, and deservedly so . . . By the way, who is that very respectable old lady who accompanied Mrs. Donna Francisco Roderigo Cataliniero and some other CO-ALLEN on the piano? The sooner she changes her style of dress to something approaching Evening Costume the better."

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1852), 5

QUEEN'S THEATRE. SATURDAY EVENING CONCERTS . . . This Evening, September 11 . . .
Principal Vocal Performers. Madame Francesca Allan; Mrs. J. P. Hydes, Mr. Young, Mr. Charles Walsh, Mr. Cooze, Mr. Wheeler . . .
Programme. Part I . . . 3.-Ballad, Farewell, my fatherland, Madame Allen - Gantier . . .
8. Song, In this Old Chair, Madame Allen - Balfe . . .
Part II . . . 2. Song, The lost Heart, Madame Allen - Jeffries . . .
7. Song, The Keepsake (an answer to the Cavalier), Madame Allen . . .

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (9 May 1853), 1 

Vocalist, MADAME ALLEN, from the London Concerts - her first appearance . . .
Conductor, Mr. Winterbottom . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (25 May 1853), 3 

Grand Vocal Concert.
MRS. FIDDES (late Miss H. Cawse), assisted by Madame Allan, &c. has the honor to inform the inhabitants of Maitland and its vicinity that in addition to the CONCERTS before notified, she will give TWO at SINGLETON, viz., May 26th and May 27th; on her return to Maitland, on SATURDAY, May 28th, and May 30th, at the Northumberland Hotel; and at Morpeth, on TUESDAY EVENING, May 31.
The Concerts will comprise Selections from the most Celebrated Composers of the day, and commence at 8 o'clock in the evening.
Admission Three Shillings.
GRAND CONCERT. MRS. FIDDES heirs to return her sincere thanks to the inhabitants of Newcastle for the kind patronage she received on the occasion of her Concert, on the 23rd instant, and hopes that they will again favor her with their patronage on the evening of the 1st of June next.

"MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 May 1853), 2

Mrs. Fiddes and Madame Allen have this week been giving a series of concerts in this district. On Tuesday evening their concert, at the Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland, was moderately attended, the firework celebration of the Queen's birthday no doubt keeping many away. Both ladies prove to be very fine singers, as was expected, but there is quite a difference of opinion in the town as to their relative merits, most of the gentlemen preferring Madame Allen's voice, but admitting that Mrs. Fiddes is beyond doubt a very fine musician and artist; while most of the ladies declare their preference of the superior and cultivated voice of Mrs. Fiddes. All unite in thinking that the duets executed by the two ladies were very beautiful, and that they have seldom heard some of the fine old songs which formed part of the selection so perfectly sung. Madame Allen was encored in two of her songs. The pianist, Mrs. Bently, is spoken of as a fine performer. As the artists give concerts at the Northumberland again this evening (Saturday) and Monday, and on Tuesday at Morpeth, our musical readers who have not yet heard them will have the opportunity of doing so.

"SINGELTON . . . MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 June 1853), 2 

This highly talented lady gave two concerts here on Thursday and Friday evenings, assisted by Madame Allen; Mrs. Bently presiding at the piano. The concerts were held in the saloon of the Rose Inn, and were attended by a highly respectable audience. The first concert had a larger attendance than the second, owing to the showery state of the weather on Friday. Both concerts however went off with considerable eclat, and the songs and duetts were received with loud bursts of applause. Several of them were encored. Mrs. Fiddes is certainly a lady of highly cultivated musical talent, and her performance was greatly admired, her voice being of great compass, yet sweet and melodious; her songs were given with great pathos; her duetts also with Madame Allen were much admired. Madame Allen is a captivating singer, and ballads appear to be her forte. Most of her songs were rapturously encored. She seemed most au fait in "Trab Trab," "Who'll have me?" and "I want to be a Bloomer;" which songs in particular were most relished. Mrs. Bently is without doubt quite an artiste at the piano, and her style was brilliant, showing a vast deal of talent. Both concerts gave great satisfaction, and at the conclusion of the one on Friday the following address was presented to them, with a purse containing a considerable sum: -

"Ladies - We are sorry that from unforeseen causes, namely, the unpropitious state of the weather, and so many families being confined to their homes through the prevailing epidemic, we have seen so moderate an attendance at your concerts at Singleton; and as we are aware that travelling to and fro entails a heavy expense, we request your acceptance of the enclosed trifle, collected at the spur of the moment by a few friends who greatly admire your highly talented performances, sincerely hoping that at a future period we may have the extreme pleasure in again welcoming you to Singleton, under more auspicious circumstances."

Mrs. Fiddes received the address and present, and returned her thanks to the donors.

[Advertisement], Dumfries and Galloway Standard [Scotland] (26 October 1859), 1


[Advertisement], Glasgow Free Press (7 January 1860), 3

ROYAL PANTHEON, 150 TRONGATE . . . CONCERTS, MONDAY, 19TH DEC., AND DURING THE WEEK: MISS LIZZIE MAGEE, The well-known Soprano from the City Hall Concerts; MISS FLORENCE BALFE, The Favourite Vocalist; MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN, Operatic Vocalist; . . . SIG. OTTO MONTRICE, The Great Tenor . . .

? "MADAME ALLENE'S CONCERT, MYDDELTON", Islington Gazette [London, England] (5 January 1861), 3

This lady (a pupil of Madame Greiffenhapen) gave concert on Thursday evening last at this Hall. It was well attended, and passed off in every way very satisfactorily. During the evening, Madame Allene sang "I dreamt I dwelt in marble halls," The Power of Love," and other popular melodies, and was well received and repeatedly encored . . .

ALLEN, George Benjamin (George Benjamin ALLEN; Mr. G. B. ALLEN)

Professor of Music, composer

Born London, 21 April 1822; baptised St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 8 August 1822; son of Benjamin and Mary ALLEN
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Arrived (3) Melbourne, VIC, 7 May 1887 (from England)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 30 November 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ALLEN, Alice ("Miss Alice MAY"; Louise ALLEN; "Mrs. G. B. ALLEN")

Vocalist, soprano (later also contralto)

Born Yorkshire, England, 1847
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Separated from George ALLEN, 1883
Married Louis W. RAYMOND, USA, 1884
Died St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 16 August 1887, aged 40 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1870), 8

[News], The Argus (8 June 1870), 5

"POPULAR CONCERT AT THE PRINCESS'S", The Argus (20 June 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

"MR. ALLEN'S BALLAD CONCERT", The Argus (29 September 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1872), 10

Mr. G. B. ALLEN, Mus. Bac. Oxon., composer of the Comic Opera "Castle Grim," played with great success 40 consecutive nights in London, "Goat Bells," "Little bird so sweetly singing," Madlle. Liebhart's great song - "Who can tell," and many other songs sung by Parepa Rudersdorff, Sherrington, Sainton Dolby, Louisa Pyne, at the leading concerts in London and the United States. 

"THE OPERA-HOUSE. CASTLE GRIM", The Argus (12 June 1875), 7

"Castle Grim "is called a comic opera by the composer - Mr. G. B. Allen -and there is no reason throughout the whole of the work to doubt the serious earnestness of his intention to make it so . . . The music has an air of old fashioned respectability about it. The concerted pieces in their style bring to mind Shield and Attwood, Calcott and Spofforth - they are very English, and very nice to listen to. All the solos are tuneful, and some of them of a superior kind, especially that sung by Ravenswood on receipt of the letter announcing the coming of his ward and cousin Flora. This air is the principal theme in the overture. It is graceful, and finely harmonised in the orchestral accompaniment, and displays Mr. Allen's talent for composition in a very fair light . . .

"COMMUNICATED", The Australasian (14 May 1887), 27 

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac. Oxon, who was in these colonies a good many years ago, and who has since been pursuing a highly successful musical career in England, both as composer and teacher, arrived in Melbourne on Saturday last. It is understood that Mr. Allen is a candidate for the appointment of the new professorship of music in the University of Melbourne.

"A QUEENSLAND OPERA. FAYETTE; OR, BUSH REVELS", The Brisbane Courier (1 February 1892), 6

"FAYETTE: A QUEENSLAND OPERA. MR. G. B. ALLEN'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (24 March 1892), 5

"DEATH OF MR. G. B. ALLEN", The Brisbane Courier (1 December 1897), 7

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac, passed away at his residence, West End, South Brisbane, early yesterday morning. Mr. Allen, who was a distinguished musician, was aged 75 years . . . As a boy of 8 years he sang in the choir of St. Martin's Church, London, and at 10 he entered the Westminster Abbey as chorister, taking precedence to many older boys. At 12 he had the honour of taking Clara Novello's place at a grand concert in Her Majesty's Theatre, and there sang through a new mass at sight. On the subsequent change of voice he deputised at St. Paul's Cathedral until appointed at Armagh Cathedral. During his stay in Ireland he created and conducted a large choral society in Belfast, producing the great oratorios for the first time in the Ulster Hall, which was built expressly for his society. He afterwards returned to London, and occupied himself with original composition. In conjunction with R. Reeve he composed the music of a comic opera - not a burlesque - entitled "Castle Grim", which was very successful. Mr. Allen was a fertile composer of all descriptions of music, operas, anthems, songs, &c. His opera "Wicklow Rose" was first produced by Madame Soldene in Manchester, while some of his anthems are very often sung in Westminster Abbey. Since his arrival in Brisbane he composed an opera, "Fayette", to Mr. Brunton Stephens's libretto, on entirely Australian subjects, which has as yet only been heard as an "opera di camera". The music is charming and highly descriptive . . . The deceased gentleman, who came to Queensland about nine years ago, leaves a widow and young family.

"Mrs. G. B. Allen's Concert", The Telegraph (14 September 1898), 4 

Selected musical works:

Castle Grim (comic opera; London, 1865; first Australian performance, Melbourne, 1875)

A wild night (poetry: Henry Kendall; music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter by G. B. Allen) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1870]) 

O paradise (hymn, arranged and partly composed by George B. Allen) (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan., [1871]) 

Fayette, or, Bush revels (an original Australian comic opera, in three acts written by J. Brunton Stephens; composed by G. B. Allen) (Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson & Co., 1892) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Allen, George Benjamin, 1822-1897", in The American history and encyclopedia of music: musical biographies (London: 1918), 11

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", Australian Variety Theatre Archive

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", AustLit


"Alice May", Wikipedia 

ALLEN, James (James ALLEN; Mr. ALLEN; ALLAN [sic])

Drum major (96th Regiment), fifer, band leader, composer, arranger

Born c. 1809
Active with regiment NSW, 1841-43; VDL (TAS), 1843-49
Died Cressy, TAS, 28 April 1858, aged 49 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also Band of the 96th Regiment

ASOCIATIONS: St. Joseph's Band; John Mackenzie


"SUBSCRITION BALLS", Launceston Examiner (4 May 1850), 5

The quadrille band under the management of Mr. Allan, formerly drum-major of the 96th regiment, has been engaged to play at the subscription balls, and their leader is actively employed in arranging sets of entirely new quadrilles for the occasions.

"THE BAND AT THE SHOW", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 December 1850), 904 

At the Horticultural Show the other evening, the admired negro melodies, which Mr. Allen has set for an instrumental band, were greatly applauded, particularly "Ole Virginnie," the air of which is sweetly pretty. But the most remarkable part of the band's performance was the justly styled "Laughing Quadrilles," which were partly vocal, and which realized the name by exciting the risibility of the entire audience - they were twice encored. Mr. Allen is an excellent copyist of music, and disposes of his Negro Melodies set for the piano.

"The Gardeners' and Amateurs' Horticultural Society", The Cornwall Chronicle (5 April 1851), 212 

The Autumn Show of this excellent Society occurred on Thursday last, at the Cornwall Rooms. It was rather thinly attended in the afternoon, but exceedingly well in the evening. The Show of flowers, fruit, and vegetables for this advanced season, was perhaps better than might have been expected. The music too, under the direction of Mr. Allen is much improved, and forms a considerable attraction to the Show . . .

"ADVENT OF THE GOVERNOR", Launceston Examiner (2 August 1851), 7 

. . . His Excellency on his arrival in town was accompanied by about thirty horsemen, including Mr. Sams and several government officers, and fourteen vehicles - all the cabs being in requisition. A few of the inhabitants assembled on the footpaths as witnesses, but took no part in the proceedings. An application, accompanied with a promise of liberal reward, had been made to the teetotal bands, but both declined the engagement. Eventually two of St. Joseph's and six of the Tasmanian band consented to receive the bribe, and to place themselves under the leadership of Mr. Allen, of the Sheriffs Office, and were stationed at the corner of Brisbane and Charles-streets. As the procession approached, they moved into the middle of the street, and commenced playing the "Grenadiers' March" . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 August 1851), 7

A LETTER appeared in Wednesday's Chronicle (of the 6th instant) detailing an account of grievances suffered by Mr. Allan, formerly fifer of the 96th regiment, and now messenger of the sheriff's office. It is a gross falsehood, as far as relates to St. Joseph's Band, except two statements. They are as follows. The letter alluded to, as giving the sentiments of the committee, that the band would not play on a political occasion, is true; the drummer did receive £1, at nine o'clock, on Friday night; he, the drummer, did not know that he was to get anything to that moment; he never was promised any reward for not playing; the pound he got was nearly all subscribed by the band, not one penny of it was got from any of the League or government party; the words ticket-of-leave were never mentioned or alluded to; the band do not know whether the drummer holds a ticket-of-leave or not. In justice to Mr. Dowling, I am bound to state that he never interfered on the occasion referred to, nor did any member of the League. Other statements are well known to be invented falsehoods, and not worth contradicting.
Now for Fifer Allen's loyalty that the Chronicle speaks of. He, the said fifer, played for the delegates, and would do so to-morrow again for one half-crown. So much for his loyalty. He was discharged from the St. Joseph's Band for want of ability to teach them, although he found it very convenient to pretend friendship to the members of the band. His being dismissed is the only possible reason he could have for trying to slander them.
JOHN McKENZIE, August 9, 1851.
N.B. - If I shall hear any more of Mr. Allen's nonsense I shall explain a little more in a future period.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (20 August 1851), 526

SIR, An attack upon me having appeared in the Examiner newspaper of the 9th instant, in the form of a letter, subscribed John McKenzie, I beg leave (for the information of my friends, the greater part of whom are in ignorance of the existence of a biped of that name) to describe the wonderful properties of the animal, and the locality of the caravan, in which he is exhibited. He is a "Great Grass Lion" (an animal with long ears) who is exhibited daily in a wooden shed, opposite a tannery in Wellington-street. He the said "Grass Lion" is a journeyman blacksmith, and he is also a member of the St. Joseph's Band, in which he is of neither use nor ornament. I will further describe him - he is a huge slop made fellow, with a hump on his back, somewhat like a camel; this "Grass Lion" has presumed to answer some remarks, which appeared in the Chronicle of the 6th instant, and volunteered some abuse of me, which is not worth my notice, except as to his assertion, in the face of the whole community, that I was only fifer in the 96th regiment, every person being perfectly aware (even the "Grass Lion" himself) that I was drum major of that regiment, and as a natural consequence - a master of my profession. I deny my readyness to play for half a crown at any time, but am ever willing to oblige as the "Grass Lion" is fully aware, and with regard to his assertion that I was discharged from the St. Joseph's Band for inability, I leave that matter to the opinion of the members of the society, and would merely state that to the contrary, I have been solicited to join that band again, as they were not certain how long their present master would be with them. I have been so terrified Mr. Editor as to the woeful threat held out in the "Grass Lion's" very queer nota bene, that I was induced to consult my solicitor on the subject, who reminded me of the home-made adage of sueing a beggar and catch a l---.
- I am Mr. Editor your obedient servant,
JAMES ALLAN, Musician and late drum major of the 96th regt.
N.B. - If the "Grass Lion" be wise, he will give up all pretensions to wind instruments, except the bellows at the back of his forge, for certainly nature never moulded him for a musician, Aug. 19.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 August 1851), 2

To the Editor of the Launceston Examiner.
MR. EDITOR, - With gladness I embrace the chance Fifer Allan has afforded me of thus explaining some of his merits. He may style himself a musician: so is a pig when his leg is caught in a gate. I would not have noticed his letter only on account of the false attacks he made upon me and some respectable citizens as to bribing the band of the St. Joseph's Society, and in duty bound I contradict the lie. Now this said fifer complains of that title, but what was he termed when as flagellator he used the cat-o'-nine-tails. For practising with the above fashionable instrument in Bermuda some of his comrades put him down an opening of a certain description, which cannot boast of its perfume. Again, this paragon of a musician has in his way been setting forth my qualifications. As to his, I know none; but his description is as follows: -
This most wonderful of nature's productions is to be found in a most fashionable resort for the lower order, viz., opposite the Cross Keys Inn, York-street, in a caboose, where he sometimes takes a fancy to a little snobbing, otherwise shoe cobbling. At other times he may be seen perambulating the town, with a music book under his arms - a blind to make the public believe he has a large practice in the teaching line. - But this said book contains only serenaders' songs, which he tries to dispose of. He has a head stuck on his neck, but boss inside. This animal states that he was frightened at my threats so much as to consult a lawyer. I suppose he means he dropt his tail. I never intended nor do I now so pollute my hands by touching any such carrion. And, as he states he consults his solicitor, I have heard him say many came to the animal to consult him in those matters, but he must always paw the fee 2s. 6d into his pouch before be would open a book. He states at the end of his letter that he was solicited to join the band again; that I know to be a downright falsehood, and only becoming the ring-tailed tribe. -
I beg to remain, Mr. Editor, your obedient servant,

"ODD FELLOWSHIP. First Anniversary of the Loyal Cornwall Lodge", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 September 1851), 614-16 

The brethren of thin highly popular and very well conducted Lodge, met on Wednesday evening last, the 24th inst., at the Star Inn, Charles-street, to celebrate its first anniversary . . .
"Victoria, our Queen." This toast was responded to by the most enthusiastic cheering. Air - National Anthem . . .
"Prince Albert and the rest of the Royal family." Air - Prince Albert's March . . .
"Sir William Thomas Denison, the Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land," (Drunk with the honors in the most enthusiastic manner.) Air - Old English Gentleman . . .
"The officers and board of directors of I. O. of O. F., M. U.," was next given with the honors. Air - Old House at Home . . .
"Our absent brethren," was then drank with honors. Air - Oh Susannah don't you cry for me . . .
"The past and present officers of the Hobart Town District of I. O. of O. F , M. U." Air - Woodman spare that tree . . .
"The Loyal Southern Star Lodge of the I. O. of O. F. M. U." Air - Auld Lang Syne . . .
"Past and present Officers and Brethren of the Loyal Cornwall Lodge . . ." Air - Green Hills of Tyrol . . .
"The Universal Independent Order of Odd Fellows" . . . Air - For we'll get married dear Johnny to-day . . .
"Our Visitors," Air - Meet me by Moonlight Alone . . .
"Army and Navy," Air - British Grenadiers and Rule Britannia . . .
The "Press," Air - Marseilles Hymn . . .
"Lady Denison, and the Ladies of Van Diemen's Land," Air - To all you lasses now on land
Which was responded to by Brother Roberts in a very gallant style. "Sweethearts and Wives."
. . . followed up by the band playing - Home sweet Home . . .
"The Stewards" . . . Air - For they are jolly good fellows . . .
"The Hostess" . . . Air - A traveller stop'd at a widow's gate . . .
"The Chairman" . . . Air - Hearts of Oak . . .
An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Allen, added much to the pleasures of the evening by its spirited execution of several beautiful selections of music.

"ST. ANDREW'S DINNER", Launceston Examiner (6 December 1851), 5-6 

On Tuesday evening the patriotic sons of Scotia assembled to celebrate the annual commemoration of their patron saint. Altogether the members of the society and their guests numbered about sixty. The dinner was spread in the large upper room of the Cornwall . . . This circumstance also rendered it necessary to station the band too close to the company, and the noise was occasionally unpleasant . . . [6] . . . the toasts were followed by appropriate airs, played by the band, under the management of Mr. Allen.

"DEATHS", The People's Advocate or True Friend of Tasmania (27 August 1855), 2 

At Cressy, on the 26th instant, ANN, the beloved wife of JAMES ALLEN, formerly Drum-Major of the 96th regiment, aged 45 years. The funeral will leave the residence of William Wilson, jun., at 1 o'clock, on Wednesday 29th. Friends are respectfully invited to attend.

"DEATH", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1858), 2 

Suddenly, at Cressy, on the 28th, Mr. James Allen, formerly Drum Major of H. M. 96th Regiment of Foot, aged 49 years. Friends are respectfully invited to meet at Mr. Wm. Robins', upper Brisbane-street, at one o'clock on Saturday, the 1st of May.

"AUSTRALIA'S OLDEST BAND. St. Joseph's, Launceston, Founded 84 Years Ago . . .", The Mercury (5 August 1929), 8 

EARLY BANDMASTERS. Early in its history the band lost its bandmaster, when the 96th Regiment was ordered to India. Mr. Agnew was replaced by Mr. Michael Dillon, a noted clarinet player in the 11th Regiment Band. Later Drum-Major Allen, who had retired from the 96th Regiment, became bandmaster. It is interesting to recall that Mr. C. W. Allen, so many years a councillor of the Westbury Municipal Council, was a son of Drum-Major Allen. The band having become firmly established it was held that the bandsmen should wear uniform, but when the cost of instruments had been met it was found impossible to provide uniforms, so French caps, trimmed with gold braid, were worn on parade. On the resignation of Mr. Allen Mr. Chas. Galvin became bandmaster . . .

Bibliography and resources:

The cyclopedia of Tasmania: an historical and commercial review, volume 2 (Hobart: Maitland and Krone, 1900), 65

. . . It was formed in 1845 in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, the first bandmaster being John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and its original members Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, W. Mainsbridge, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The late Dean Butler was first president of this band . . . Michael Dillon succeeded John Agnew and bandmaster, and he again was followed by Drum-Major Allen . . .

ALLEN, John Harward (John ALLEN; ALLAN)

Singing master, music master (Model Schools)

Born England, 1826; baptised St. Cuthbert, Wells, Somerset, 8 September 1826, son of Robert ALLEN and Mary HARWARD
Married Dinah PHILPOT (d. 1888), St. Thomas, Pendelton, Lancashire, 30 December 1847
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by c. 1852
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1890, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

John Harward Allen (Royal Historical Society of Victoria)

John Harward Allen (Royal Historical Society of Victoria) 


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Cuthbert, Wells, in the county of Somerset in the year 1826; Somerset Archives & Local Studies 

No. 72 / 1826 8th September / John Harward son of / Robert [and] Mary / Allen / Tucker Street / Labourer . . .

1847, marriage solemnized in St. Thomas, Pendleton, in the parish of Eccles . . .; manchester Libraries, Information and Archives 

no. 103 / Dec'r 30th / John Harward Allen / 22 / Bachelor / Schoolmaster / Pendlebury / [father] Robert Allen / Servant
Dinah Philpot / 25 / Spinster / Schoolmistress / Pendlebury / Samuel Philpot / Miller . . .

"DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOLS SINGING. To the Editor of . . .", The Argus (26 December 1855), 7 

Sir, - In reference to your report of the performance of the Denominational Schools at the Exhibition on Thursday, I hope you will correct an error. Instead of Mr. G. L. Allan being the teacher of the whole of the schools, there are three singing masters - G. L Allan, B. Hadfield, and J. H. Allen, who each brought about an equal number of children. There were also present the St. Mark's boys, taught by Mr. Brunton; and the St. Kilda Church Schools, taught by Mr. J. Hadfield.
Trusting you will correct the error into which you have fallen,
I am, Sir, yours, &c., J. H. ALLEN,
Singing Master to Denominational Schools. December 21st, 1855.

"DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOLS. Annual Musical Festival", The Age (12 December 1857), 5 

Yesterday afternoon, at two p.m., was held in the Mechanics' Institution, the Annual Musical Festival and Exhibition of Drawings of the Children from Denominational Schools in and near Melbourne. Last year nearly 1500 children were assembled in the Exhibition building, but owing to that edifice being pre-engaged, the Mechanics' Institution was chosen instead, though it was found necessary to curtail the number of children engaged to 450. These were closely packed in the body of the Hall and upon the music stage belonging to the Philharmonic Society . . . His Excellency arrived punctually at two o'clock, when Mr. G. L. Allan ascended the rostrum, and gave the signal for commencement. The programme, which was divided into two parts, included a capital selection of part songs, glees, and choruses, from the works of Crampton, Bennett, Calcott, Mozart, Stevenson, Arne, Hullah, and others, all of which were most creditably executed by the numerous and shrill-voiced choir . . . Those assembled were under the musical tuition of Messrs. G. L. Allan, B. Hadfield, and J. H. Allen, singing-masters to the Denominational Board . . .

[News], The Argus (22 December 1859), 4 

The Exhibition Building yesterday, at noon, presented a very gay and animated appearance. About one thousand children, from the different schools in and near Melbourne under the Denominational Board of Education, were assembled in holiday trim, the occasion being their annual musical festival and exhibition of drawings . . . The programme, although rather long, contained a tasteful selection of songs and choruses, particularly adapted to the age and voices of the performers; and the children, led by Mr. Allan, and with the assistance of a piano accompaniment, acquitted themselves very creditably. One little girl, about 14 years of age, sang "Bonny Eloise" very sweetly, and was loudly applauded. "The Grave of Lilly Dale," a solo with a chorus by all the children, was vociferously encored. "Willie, we have missed you," and other melodies of a like character, formed a portion of the morning's entertainment, which reflected no little credit upon the perseverance of Mr. George L. Allan, Mr. B. Hadfield, Mr. J. H. Allen, and Mr. S. Kaye, by whose instruction the children have profited . . .

"DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES AT THE MODEL SCHOOLS", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 January 1865), 6

. . . The proceedings were commenced by the singing of the National Anthem by the children, under direction of Mr. John Allen, the music master. "God Save the Queen" was very creditably performed, and in the subsequent pieces sung by the children they displayed a pleasing degree of efficiency in the art . . .

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM. HARWOOD V. FIEGL", The Argus (24 August 1874), 6 

. . . John H. Allan, teacher under the Education department. - I have Been the Duvallis dance. The pictures of the dancing are tolerably correct. I should rather not see any of my friends in that position. His Honour. - But none of your friends are public dancers. Witness. - No, they are not; but I do not consider such a posture decent for a woman on the public stage. It is not calculated to improve public taste or public morals. I don't wish to express any opinion on those performances, so far as regards the people who go to the theatre. I have seen a similar performance at the Alhambra Theatre, London. The licence was withdrawn from the place. I know this from the newspaper reports, and I also know that the stylo of entertainment was altered . . .

"THE EDUCATION COMMISSION", The Age (20 June 1883), 6 

. . . John H. Allan, singing master under the Board of Education, said he had to give instruction to the children attending five schools in the metropolitan district. This duty also included the imparting of instruction in the art to a class of State teachers. He was required to give a couple of lessons a week in his schools. The number of children in each of his singing classes varied from 60 to 120. It would be advisable to limit the number [to] 70. He generally found that the children took a lively interest in the art of singing . . .

"Deaths", The Age (19 July 1890), 5 

ALLEN. - On the 16th July, at Sydney, John Harward Allen, of Grove-road, Hawthorn, late senior singing master under the Department of Education, aged 64 years.

[News], The Argus (21 July 1890), 7 

A large assemblage yesterday attended the obsequies of the late Mr. John Harward Allen, formerly senior singing master under the Board of Education of Victoria. Mr. Allen's death took place at Sydney under peculiarly sad circumstances. He had gone to that city on a holiday visit in the company of two daughters, and after a few days spent in apparently good health and spirits, he was suddenly stricken down with apoplexy, and death ensued on Friday morning last. Yesterday afternoon the body, which had been brought over from Sydney, was taken to St. Peter's Church, Eastern Hill, with which the deceased had been connected in various capacities for many years, and thence to the place of interment in the Kew Cemetery, the Rev. Canon Handfield officiating in the church and at the grave. The late Mr. Allen was an old colonist, having arrived in Melbourne in 1852. After a few years spent in school teaching under the old Denominational Board he was appointed singing master in 1855, being the first who obtained a Government appointment by competitive examination. With three short interruptions, due to political changes, he continued in this capacity until 1889, when he retired from the service, his brother officers marking the event by the presentation of an appreciative testimonial. Mr. Allen was one of the first founders of the Philharmonic Society, and one of the originators of the East Collingwood Volunteer Rifles, in which he rose to the rank of captain. The deceased gentleman was regarded as a man of sterling character, and endeared to his numerous friends by a uniformly kind and amiable disposition. In his long career as a teacher he had the opportunity of imparting the rudiments of musical education to many who have since obtained distinction in the musical profession, and had won the attachment of his pupils in an unusual degree.

ALLEN, Thomas Henry (Thomas Henry ALLEN)

Fiddler, violin player, shoemaker, sly grog supplier, publican

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1845
? Died Adelaide, SA, 9 July 1882 (shareable link to this entry)


"RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", South Australian Register (25 October 1845), 2 

Friday, 24th October. Customs' Information. Thomas Henry Allen was charged on the information of Capt. Lichfield, with illegally distilling. The penalty claimed not less than £100, nor more than £500, and the still and utensils as forfeited. The defendant, under the advice of Mr. Poulden, pleaded "guilty," and was fined £100. He stated what little goods he had, a mere nothing, were mortgaged to Dr. Rankine. In reply to the court he said be could not pay it if a week's time were given. The court sentenced him to three months' imprisonment, and condemned the still and utensils as forfeited to the crown.

CONVICTION OF A SLY GROGSHOP-KEEPER", South Australian Register (11 September 1854), 3 

"INSOLVENCY COURT", South Australian Register (19 April 1878), 3

In re Thomas Henry Allen, late of Adelaide, shoemaker; first hearing. Insolvent allowed to retain his earnings to the extent of £2 a week.

"POLICE COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (24 April 1879), 7

Thomas Henry Allen was charged with having played on a certain musical instrument, namely a violin, after having been requested by a constable and by Mr. W. T. Flint to depart from the neighborhood of Mr. Flint's shop, on account of its interfering with his business, on April 19 . . . The defendant made lengthy address to the Bench, in which he slid the case must fall through because Mr. Flint had not proved that he was a householder or that he had any right to order him away. The fact that such a large crowd had gathered together showed that his music had been appreciated. Mr. Flint being a harsh unsympathetic kind of character, could not appreciate it - (laughter) - and he would ask the Bench, as Mr. Flint was in such a decided minority, to dismiss the case. Being an old colonist and a John Bull, he had as much right to play in the streets as any foreigner.

ALPEN, Hugo (Hugo ALPEN)

Professor of music, conductor, pianist, organist, vocalist, music educator, composer

Born Kellinghausen, Holstein, Germany 26 October 1842
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 14 December 1858 (per Java, from Gothenberg, 25 August)
Died Strathfield, NSW, 20 June 1917 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Hugo Alpen, c. 1890s; National Library of Australia

Hugo Alpen, c. 1890s; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)


According to his naturalisation papers (1864), Alpen was born in Kellinghausen, Holstein, in 1842, and arrived in Melbourne on board the Dutch ship Java, in December 1858, despite the fact that this ship was reported to be carrying no passengers. Little is known for certain of his first years in the colonies. By 1860 or earlier there was a Henry (or Gustav) Alpen, in Ballarat, VIC, and another Hugo (von) Alpen (d. 1869) in South Australia.

He was perhaps the "Mr. Alpen . . . excellent as a pianist" at Clunes on the Victorian goldfields in February 1861. If so, it may have been there or in nearby Ballarat, during that year, that he first made contact with the touring Bianchi opera company. By late 1861 he was in Sydney, singing tenor in Eugenio Bianchi and Frank Howson's opera season, billed as the courtier Matteo Borsa in Rigoletto at the Lyceum in November 1861, and as Gaston in La Traviata at the Victoria in January 1862.

By late 1862 or early 1863, Alpen was at Tumut, in the southern alps. There, in mid 1863 he contributed 5 shillings to the Catholic community's fundraising for the O'Connell monument in Sydney, and in December 1864, his first two years in the town was celebrated in a testimonial from All Saints' Anglican church, where he had recently served as organist and choir leader.

Thereafter, his career is easily traceable.


"CLUNES", The Star (16 February 1861), 4 

A concert was given yesterday by the amateurs of Clunes, for the benefit of the sufferers by the late fire on Ballarat . . . It was a matter of surprise to most of the audience that many difficult pieces could be so admirably presented by our juvenile professionals. Mr. Alpen was very excellent as pianist. Mr. Lancashire was conductor . . . The Lamble family numbered Messrs. S. J. and T. Lamble, who severally were applauded. Mr. Lamble sang a German air, which was well received . . .

"CLUNES", The Star (29 June 1861), 1 supplement 

The benefit given by the Amateur Musical Club on behalf of the funds of the Fire Brigade, passed off very satisfactorily on Tuesday last . . . Miss Jennings sang some ballads very tastefully . . . This lady received several complimentary encores, as also did Messrs. S. & J. Lambie, Lancashire, Allen, and Alphen. Mr. Alphen as pianist, played the overture to Zampa, and a fantasie pour le piano in beautiful style. In the National Anthem Mr. Alphen introduced some very good effects on the harmonium.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1861), 1 

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE . . . First night of Verdi's celebrated Opera, RIGOLETTO . . .
Third week of the GRAND OPERA, under the direction of Signor BIANCHI. THIS (Monday) EVENING, November 25th . . .
Rigoletto - Mr. F. Howson
Duca di Mantova - Signor Bianchi
Spara Fucile - Signor Grossi
Monterono (by favour, on this occasion) - Mr. John Gregg
Borsa - Mr. Alpen
Monillo - Mr. Benham
Giovanna - Miss C. Howson
Gilda - Signora Bianchi
Maddalena - Miss E. Howson . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1862), 1 

THIS EVENING, Thursday, January 9th . . . LA TRAVIATA! . . .
Violetta Vallery - Signora Bianchi
Flora - Miss C. Howson
Amina - Miss Henry
Alfredo Germont - Signor Bianchi
Gaston - Mr. Alpen
Georgio Germont - Mr. F. Howson
Dr. Grenville - Signor Grossi
Baron - Mr. Mitchell . . .

"LAST NIGHT OF THE BIANCHIS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1862), 4 

. . . The part of the luckless Violetta was sustained by Signora Bianchi with her usual artistic talent, Alfredo being interpreted with much grace, energy, and feeling by Signor Bianchi. Miss Howson, Miss Henry, Mr. Alpen, Mr. F. Howson, Signor Grossi, and Mr. Mitchell assisted in the representation of the opera, which appeared to give satisfaction to every one . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (19 September 1863), 7 

TUMUT . . . H. Alpen - 0 5 0 . . .

Certificate of naturalization, Hugo Alpen, 19 December 1864; State Records Authority of NSW 

. . . that Hugo Alpen is a native of Kellinghausen, Holstein: is twenty two years of age, and is a Teacher of Music and that having arrived by the Ship "Java" to Melbourne in the year 1858 he is now residing in Tumut and withing to become a British subject . . . GIVEN . . . this Nineteenth day of December [1864] . . .

"TESTIMONIAL", The Tumut and Adelong Times (29 December 1864), 2 

A very pleasing acknowledgment of Mr. Alpen's professional services, as organist at All Saints' Church, was made to him on Wednesday by some of the congregation, when a purse, containing about £8, accompanied with a neat address, expressive of the thanks of the donors for the attention and perseverance manifested by him in discharge of his ill-requited duties, was presented to him. This token of appreciation must be vary gratifying to Mr. Alpen, as a proof that by some his services in the choir are not lightly estimated.

[Advertisement], The Tumut and Adelong Times (29 December 1864), 3 

MR. ALPEN, GRATEFUL for the favours and patronage bestowed on him during his past two years' residence in Tumut, begs to announce that he will resume his duties about the 1st FEBRUARY NEXT, when he hopes to meet with the same encouragement as hitherto.
Mr. ALPEN would also embrace this opportunity of publicly expressing his thanks for the handsome and unexpected Testimonial and accompanying address presented him by some of the congregation of All Saints' Church.

Other sources:

Papers of the Alpen family, 1864-1971; MS 5710, National Library of Australia (FINDING AID)

Bibliography and resources:

Deborah Crisp, "Amateurs and professionals: a snapshot of musical life in a country town, 1860-1865", Australasian Music Research 1 (1996), 103-140

Graeme Skinner, "Alpen, Hugo", Dictionary of Sydney (2008)

ALLPORT, Mary Morton (Mary Morton CHAPMAN; Mrs. Joseph ALLPORT)

Amateur musician, harpist, amateur artist

Born Birmingham, England, 17 May 1806; daughter of William CHAPMAN and Ann EVETT
Married Joseph ALLPORT, 20 December 1826
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 December 1831 (per Platina, from London, 30 July)
Died Hobart, TAS, 10 June 1895, aged 89 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Mary Morton Allport playing the harp at Aldridge Lodge, c. 1860s (detail); Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office

Mary Morton Allport playing the harp at Aldridge Lodge, c. 1860s (detail); Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 2

Dec. 11. - Arrived the barque Platina, W. S. Wilson, Commander; from London the 30th July with a general cargo. This vessel touched at the Cape and sailed from there on the 31st October. Passengers for New South Wales, Mrs. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Ball and child, Mr. and Mrs. Chapman and child, Mr. and Mrs. Allport and child . . .

"Deaths", The Mercury (12 June 1895), 1

ALLPORT. - On June 10, at "Aldridge Lodge," Hobart, Mary Morton Allport, widow of the late Joseph Allport, of Hobart, solicitor, aged 88.

"Tasmanian Letter", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 June 1895), 37

Old colonists who may know Tasmania and her people personally will be sorry to hear of the death of one who knew Van Diemen's Land in the very early days. I refer to Mrs. Allport, widow of Mr. Joseph Allport, the well-known solicitor, who died at her residence, in Holebrook Place, on Monday, 10th, at the very great age of 89. The old lady's friends in this part of the island are very numerous, and the names of her sons and grandsons are so well known in the different branches of their professions that any remarks of mine would be superfluous.

Bibliography and resources:

Joanna Richardson, An annotated edition of the journals of Mary Morton Allport (Ph.D thesis, University of Tasmania, 2006) 

Joanna Richardson, "Introducing Mary Morton Allport and her journals", Tasmanian Historical Research Association: Papers and Proceedings 54/1 (April 2007), 34-49

Ian Henderson, "Eyeing the lady's hand: the concealed politics of Mary Morton Allport's colonial vision", Journal of Australian Studies 66 (2000), 104-115

"Mary Morton Allport", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Henry Allport, "Allport, Joseph (1800-1877)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

ALLPRESS, George Rivers (George Rivers ALLPRESS; Mr. G. Rivers ALLPRESS)

Violinist, pianist, Professor of Music, Teacher of Violin, Viola and Piano

Born Sandhurst, VIC, 1864; son of Charles ALLPRESS and Emma DAVEY
Died Johannesburg, South Africa, 8 April 1918 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Edward Calon was reportedly first teacher of a talented musical youngster, George Allpress, aged 11 and a half when he made his public debut in September 1876. Allpress spent 1879 working in orchestras in New Zealand. While he was in Brisbane in 1884 with Caron's opera company, the Queensland Figaro described him disparagingly as "that ladylike violinist, Mr. Rivers Allpress!"


"A YOUNG MUSICIAN", The Maitland Mercury (28 September 1876), 3

"MUSIC", The Argus (4 October 1876), 2s

"A Peep at the Shows", Queensland Figaro (5 April 1884), 15

"A popular Sydney Musician", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1889), 28

"DEATH OF RIVERS ALLPRESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1918), 14


G. Rivers Allpress, photograph, c. early 1870s; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

George Rivers Allpress, portrait by Tom Roberts (c. 1895); National Gallery of Vivtoria (DIGITISED)


Music lithographer, printer

Born London, England, 9 December 1826; baptised Irvingite chapel, Stepney, 17 January 1830, son of David ALVAREZ and Rachel RODRIGUES
Married Zipporah BENSABAT (d. 1859), London, 1854
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1859
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1903, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Alvarez lithographed and printed at least two musical prints issued in Hobart in the early 1860s, for George Rolwegan, the "Celebrated Scotch Song" Caller Herrin published in December 1861, and The Tasmanian Yacht Club polka, by Mary Oldham, issued by James Walch in June 1862.


Register of baptisms, Old Artillery Ground chapel (Irvingite), Parliament Court, Bishopsgate, 1829-1840 

1830 January 17 / John Solomon Alvarez / Mile End Old Town / [born] December 9, 1826

England census, 30 March 1851, South Hackney, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107/1506 

Albert Grove, Grove Street / David Alvarez / Head / 57 / Retired Missionary / [born] Holland
Rachel [Alvarez] / Wife / 58 / [born] Middlsx . . .
John Solomon [Alvarez] / Son / 23 / Lithographer / [born Middlesex] . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (20 June 1860), 5

John Alvarez, of Emerald Hill, printer. Causes of insolvency - Pressure of creditors and being unable to work. Liabilities - £61 10s.; assets, £10; deficiency, £51 10s. Mr. Jacomb, official assignee.

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (31 December 1861), 2

We have received a copy of the celebrated Scotch song "Caller Herrin," which Mr. Black, the Vocalist, rendered so popular in Hobart Town. It is published by Mr. Rolwegan, of Collins Street, having been lithographed by J. Alvarez, of Warwick Street. The frontispiece is a beautiful specimen of illuminated lithography, and contains a vignette of St. Giles, Edinburgh, whilst in another vignette is a "Scotch lassie," vending "Caller Herrin." As a specimen of colonial art, it is highly creditable, and we can only hope that both the publisher and the lithographer may meet with that success which their enterprise deserves.

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1862), 5

We have to acknowledge the receipt of a lithographed copy of the song "Caller Herrin," sung here by Mr. Black. It has an illuminated lithographed frontispiece containing a vignette of St. Giles' Church, Edinburgh, and also one of a Scotch girl selling "Caller Herrin." The lithographer is Mr. J. Alvarez, of Hobart Town, and the publisher Mr. G. Rolwegan, of the same town.

"THE TASMANIAN YACHT CLUB POLKA", Launceston Examiner (26 June 1862), 5

This is the name of a very pretty polka just published at Hobart Town, and now on sale at the establishments of Messrs. Walch and Sons. It is composed by Miss Mary Oldham, and dedicated by her to the members of the club. The music is lively and spirited, and the piece will doubtless become a great favorite. The lithographers, Messrs. J. Alvarez and Co., are entitled to notice, for the creditable manner in which they have printed it.

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Mercury (17 March 1864), 2

"ASSINGNMENTS", South Australian Register (8 October 1880), 4

"DISTRICT COURT", The Brisbane Courier (9 March 1889), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1903), 4

ALVAREZ -May 17, at Ashbrook, Denham-street, Glebe, John Alvarez, aged 78.

AMADIO, John (John Bell TAYLOR; John AMADIO)

Flautist, flute player

Born Christchurch, NZ, 15 November 1883
Active professionally in Australia by 1898
Married (1) Leonora Soames ROBERTS, Brighton, VIC, 6 January 1915
Married (2) Florence Mary WILSON (Florence Austral), Hampstead, London, England, 15 December 1925
Died Melbourne, VIC, 4 April 1964 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Amadio was born John Bell Taylor, but, after his mother remarried in 1890, adopted his stepfather, Henry Amadio's, surname. Note that his mother's name was Elza Helen Taylor (Willson), not "Eliza" as given in the ADB.

As of February 2017, the above TROVE tag link goes mainly to (Australian) items tagged for the years 1898, 1899, and 1900, plus some later materials.


"MARRIAGE", Evening Post [NZ] (21 October 1890), 2 

AMADIO - TAYLOR. - On 16th October, by the Rev J. Moir, H. A. Amadio, to Elza Helen, widow of the late S. B. Taylor, Wellington.

"WELLINGTON ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Evening Post [NZ] (25 November 1896), 6 

. . . The concert was noticeable for the début of Master Amadio, a pupil of Mr. Charles J. Hill, as a solo flautist. The piece chosen was a concert fantasia, by W. Popp, on Gotze's song "O Schöne Zeit," and it served to display the marvellous command which the little lad had over the flute - the difficult variations on the theme being played in a way which leads one to prophesy a brilliant future for Master Amadio. The furore caused at the conclusion of the number necessitated a portion of it being repeated . . .

[Advertisement], Evening Post [NZ] (7 December 1897), 6 

NZNA CONCERT, THOMAS'S HALL. THURSDAY, 9th DECEMBER. At 8 p.m. To Celebrate the Discovery of New Zealand by Tasman, in 1642. PROGRAMME . . . Flute Solo - " Nocturne" No. 5 (Chopin): "Concert Etude" (Tillmetz) - Master John Amadio . . .

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Wanganui Chronicle (13 December 1897), 2 

"Crumbs", Evening Journal (9 July 1898), 4 

Will young Amadio, the Sydney flautist, become another John Lemmone?

"Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (27 August 1898), 495 

The smoke concert of the Sydney Liedertafel at the Town Hall on the 17th instant was especially strong in its instrumental numbers . . . and Master John Amadio, a talented young flautist from Wellington, N.Z., made his debut in Sydney on this occasion . . . Master Amadio showed himself to be a very promising flautist, with an already well developed technique. His staccato playing was noticeably neat. Master Amadio's numbers were de Jong's fantasia on airs from Gounod's "Faust" and Terschak's "Gossips," and encores were demanded for each . . .

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Press [NZ] (6 September 1898), 4 

The young Wellington flautist, John Amadio, a boy hardly in his teens, appeared with marked success at a concert given by the Sydney Liedertafel last month.

Bibliography and resources:

Mimi Colligan, "Amadio, John (1883-1964)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979) 


Flute player, flautist (member of Adelaide Choral Society)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1851 (shareable link to this entry)


"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (5 December 1851), 2 

Last evening, a Concert was given by the members of this Society in the large room in the Exchange. The attendance was most respectable, but, we are sorry to say, far from numerous. The Concert commenced with Rossini's Overture to "Cenerentola," which was well performed. . . . A "Flute Obligato," played by Mr. Anderson, and a glee, "Stay, Pry'thee Stay," in which Mrs. Murray took the principal part, were both well-received . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Adelaide Choral Society


Piano-forte maker

Born Canongate, Edinburgh, Scotland, 16 February 1808; son of William ANDERSON and Marion WILSON
Married Anne AUCHTERLONIE (1806-1880), Scotland, 1831
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton, from London, 14 November)
Died South Yarra, VIC, 14 September 1866, aged 58 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ANDERSON, William (William ANDERSON)

Organ builder

Born London, England, 13 November 1832; baptised Scotch Church, London, 23 December 1832, son of Andrew ANDERSON and Anne AUCHTERLONIE
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton, from London, 14 November)
Died Brighton, VIC, 17 January 1921 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms at the Scotch Church, Swallow Street, St. James, Westminster, 1832; UK National Archives 

23d December / William, son of Andrew Anderson and of Ann his wife born on the 13th of November 1832, at No. 2 Brook street, New Road, in the parish of Saint Pancras . . .

Post office London directory 1843 (London: W. Kelly & Co., [1843]), 69 

Anderson Andrew, pianoforte maker, 83 Gt. Titchfield st

? [Bankrupts], The London Gazette (18 January 1848), 181 

EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy awarded and issued forth against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, will sit on the 5th day of February next, at one of the clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, Basinghall-street, in the city of London (by adjournment from the 8th of January instant), in order to take the Last Examination of the said bankrupt; when and where he is required to surrender himself, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects, and finish his examination.

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (25 July 1851), 3 

ANDREW ANDERSON, PIANO FORTE MAKER, from London, begs to acquaint his friends, and the public, that he is prepared to undertake the repair of any description of Piano Fortes, having been engaged in this business in London for upwards of twenty years, where he obtained a practical knowledge of every branch of it, and ensures all those who may favor him with their orders, that the same will be carefully, and expeditiously, executed.
Address, No. 244 Lonsdale-street, East.
Melbourne, July 23rd, 1851.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1854), 5 

ANDREW ANDERSON, Pianoforte Maker, formerly of 214, Lonsdale-street east, understanding that a parcel addressed to him has been brought by some one from home, will feel much obliged to the person in charge of the above to forward the same to his present abode, near the Albion Store, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (12 June 1855), 1 

A. ANDERSON, Piano Forte Manufacturer, (formerly of London,) begs to intimate to his friends and the public, that he is prepared to execute the tuning and repairing of any description of Piano-forte, having been practically engaged for upwards of twenty years in every branch of this business, and ensures all those who may favor him with their orders, that the same will be carefully and expeditiously executed.
Address 88, Little Malop-street east.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 September 1855), 4

ANDREW ANDERSON Piano-forte Maker, (formerly of London,) begs to intimate to the public of Geelong that he is prepared to undertake the tuning and repairing of all descriptions of piano-fortes, &c., and hopes from his long experience in all the branches of this business, that he will be found to give satisfaction to those who may favour him with their orders.
Address - 86, Little Malop-street, east.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 February 1860), 2 

We have much pleasure in bearing testimony that Geelong can boast of producing a first-rate pianoforte, altogether constructed by one of our townsmen. The maker of the instrument is Mr. Andrew Anderson, No. 25, Myers-street west. It is a cottage piano, having a compass of 6 3/4 octaves, with a fine elasticity of touch, and evincing a mellowness of tone, with considerable brilliancy and power. The case is neat, and the internal mechanical arrangements combine many of the latest improvements. The whole is well finished, and being made of long seasoned colonial wood, it is well adapted to the Australian climate. We would recommend all who are interested in colonial manufactures, and who amongst us in these times is not? - to inspect this home-made production of Mr. Anderson's practical ability and unremunerated perseverance.

"DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (27 September 1866), 3 

Anderson - On the 14th inst, at Bond street, South Yarra, suddenly, of apoplexy, Mr. Andrew Anderson, late of London and Geelong, aged 58 years.

"Personal", The Herald (17 January 1921), 1 

Mr. William Anderson, 88, who died this morning at "Stanton," Wellington street, Middle Brighton, after a brief illness was born in London and came to Victoria 72 years ago. As an organ builder he supplied several public buildings in various parts of the Commonwealth. He leaves no family. The funeral will be conducted by A. A. Sleight at the St. Kilda Cemetery tomorrow.

Bibliography and resources:

Enid Noel Matthews, Colonial organs and organbuilders (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1969), 24

Matthews's observation that Andrew was also a composer is probably a confusion with Alfred Anderson

Martha N. Clinkscale, Makers of the piano: 1820-1860 (1999), 8 (PREVIEW)

An Andrew Anderson was listed at 83 Great Titchfield Street, Oxford Street, London, from 1843-1850.

But see also, on Andrew Anderson, piano maker of New York:

Nancy Groce, Musical instrument makers of New York (1991), 4 (PREVIEW)

ANDERSON FAMILY (James Henri Anderson and son)
ANDERSON, James Henri (James Henri ANDERSON; J. H. ANDERSON, R.A.M.)

See main page:

James Henri Anderson and family

John Henry Anderson and family (shareable link to this entry)

ANDERSON, John Henry (John Henry ANDERSON; "Professor ANDERSON"; "The wizard of the north")

Magician, mesmerist, entertainer

Born Craigmyle, Aberdeen, Scotland; baptised 16 July 1814, Kincardine, Abderdeen, son of John ANDERSON and Mary ROBERTSON
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 June 1858 (per Monsoon, from Liverpool, 17 March)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 6 September 1859 (per Milwaukie, for California)
Died Darlington, County Durham, England, February 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ANDERSON, Miss (Miss ANDERSON, ? Louisa/Louie)

Pianist, vocalist



Born Bishopwearmouth, Durham, England, 7 August 1849



Born USA, c. 1853

ANDERSON, J. H. junior



June 10. - Monsoon, ship (Black Ball line), 1,084 tons, Charles Hare, from Liverpool March 17. Passengers - cabin: Mr. and Mrs. Anderson, family, and servants, Mr. and Mrs. Davidson, Captain Lynch, Messrs. Hingston, Hankey, Timbrell; and 161 in the steerage. Mackay, Baines, and Co., agents.

"PROFESSOR ANDERSON AT THE ROYAL", The Age (22 June 1858), 5 

. . . Professor Anderson is accompanied by his son, who assists him in his performances, and two daughters, one, a little girl eleven years of age, endeavored to torture music out of a terrified unstrung piano. The other infant prodigy, about four years old, treated the audience to a song. Despite our sympathy with the Professor's parental pride, we would rather have had the musical capabilities of the Misses Anderson displayed at another time. He must give us better music else none at all.

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 November 1858), 3 

. . . Then came the magic portfolio: Trunks, boxes, escritoires, his own daughter (who by the way sang an admirable song which was vociferously cheered) . . .

Professor Anderson was assisted by his sons and daughters, one of the latter of whom (Miss Anderson) presided at the piano . . . The only thing required to make this marvellous entertainment more complete, is a small but an efficient orchestra.

"THE LYCEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1858), 5 

. . . Little Miss Anderson created considerable amusement by her song "Bonnie Dundee," and the mesmeric cataleptic experiment with another of the Miss Anderson's was exceedingly successful, and without exception the cleverest feat we have witnessed . . .

"PROFESSOR ANDERSON'S PERFORMANCES", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (4 May 1859), 2 

[of the concert following Anderson's magic performance] . . . Suffice it to say that, with the exception of Miss Anderson's two songs, "La Manola" and "Katty Darling", which were both sung very prettily, and Mr. Rider's solo on the cornet-a-pistons, which was unanimously encored, the whole performance proved a miserable failure. What with the buffoonery of one of the band of amateurs, and the incompetency of others, despite all the trouble, which had been bestowed upon this portion of the entertainment, the effevt of the introductory glee, (the harmony of which is of the simplest description,) and of the only two classical pieces in the programme, - the lovely two-part song by Mendelssohn, and Cherubini's well known Canon, "Perfida Clori," - were completely destroyed, and, we may say, burlesqued . . .

"THE HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (21 June 1859), 3 

. . . The whole performance was, in fact, a grand success. An excellent orchestra, with Miss Anderson at the piano, at which she presided with the ability pf an accomplished and practised player, added a good deal to the interest of the entertainment . . .

[Advertising], Mount Alexander Mail (8 July 1859), 5 


The FAIRY OF THE PORTFOLIO, with the song of "Bonnie Dundee," MISS FLORA ANDERSON.

Ministering Attendants MISS ELIZA ANDERSON. MR. J. H. ANDERSON, JUN.

Miss ANDERSON will preside at the Piano Forte.

[Advertisement], The Age (29 August 1859), 1 

Miss ANDERSON, Miss E. ANDERSON, Miss F. ANDERSON, And Mr. J. H. ANDERSON, jun., Will appear on the occasion . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (30 August 1859), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL. TO-NIGHT (TUESDAY), AUGUST 30th. COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT And final farewell Performance of PROFESSOR ANDFRSON, Previous to his departure for California in the Milwaukie on Tuesday next . . .


Teacher of the pianoforte, tuner and repairer of pianofortes and organs

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1853), 9 

BEGS to inform the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that he will give instructions on the Pianoforte at their residence; and also will tune and repair Pianos, Organs, and all sorts of Musical Instruments at moderate terms.
Address, 245. Great Bourke-street, east.


Professor of music, dealer in musical instruments. musicseller, piano tuner

Born c. 1831; son of Richard ANDERSON and Hannah GASCOYNE
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Melbourne, VIC, January 1887, aged 56 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1866), 8

MR. T. ANDERSON, TUNER of PIANOS, Harmoniums, Concertinas, Accordeons, and Harmonicons, near the Tankerville, Nicholson-street, Carlton.

"BIRTHS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (16 May 1868), 14

ANDERSON. - On the 2nd inst., the wife of Mr. T. Anderson, professor of music, &c., Nicholson-street, Fitzroy, Melbourne, of a son. Home papers, please copy.

"SUICIDE BY HANGING", The Argus (27 January 1887), 9

An inquest was held by Dr. Youl at Carlton on Wednesday, on the body of Thomas Anderson, a dealer in musical instruments, aged 56. The deceased had been partially paralysed all his life, and often expressed a wish that he was dead. He recently went to England for the sake of his health, but returned without being benefited. On Tuesday he retired at 11pm and nothing more was known of his movements until about 8am on Wednesday, when his dead body was found hanging by the neck in the bathroom of his house. A verdict of suicide whilst of unsound mind was returned.

"Funerals", The Argus (27 January 1887), 1

ANDREW, John (John ANDREW; also often John ANDREWS [sic])

Bell hanger, brass founder

Born c. 1784/1790
Active Hobart, TAS, 1850
Died Hobart, TAS, 10 June 1862, aged 72/78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 December 1835), 3 

To Let, A shop and House situated 91, Bathhurst-street. Enquire at Mr. John Andrew, bell-hanger, Bathurst-street.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (16 August 1838), 2 

BELL HANGING. - The undersigned offers his services to gentlemen and others, requiring their residences fitted up with bells. Having lately arrived from Hobart-town, with all materials for that purpose. Parties employing him may depend on his work being executed on the most scientific principles, and in the most durable manner, on moderate terms: early application is necessary, as his stay on this side will be short. For reference to character and ability, apply to James Robertson, Esq., or Mr. J. A. Brown, contractor. JOHN ANDREW. Launceston, August 16, 1838.

"DEATH", Launceston Examiner (5 September 1849), 6 

DEATH. On the 3rd instant, at the residence of his father, Melville-street, Hobart Town, John Andrews, eldest son of Mr. John Andrews, bellhanger, &c., aged 23 years.

[2 advertisements], Colonial Times (23 August 1850), 1 

Apprentice Wanted. WANTED, a respectable and active Youth, about 15 or 16 years of age, as an Apprentice to the Bell-hanging and Brass foundry business. Apply to JOHN ANDREW, Bell-hanger, Opposite the Courier Office, Collins-st.

JOHN ANDREWS, in returning his sincere thanks for the liberal support he has received for the last Seventeen Years, respectfully begs leave to inform them, that he is now carrying on business in the above line, in Collins-street, opposite the "Courier" office; where all OBDERS from town or country will be punctually attended to. August 8, 1850.

"DIED", The Mercury (13 June 1862), 2 

DIED. On the 10th instant, at his residence, corner of Melville and Barrack-streets, JOHN ANDREWS, bell-hanger, aged 72 years. The funeral will more from his late residence, on Friday, the 13th inst., at half-past three p.m. Friends will please accept this invitation, as no circulars will be issued. Victorian papers please copy.

1862, Deaths in the district of Hobart Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1224428; RGD35/1/6 no 3401$init=RGD35-1-6p215 

3401 / John Andrews (Died General Hospital Hobart Town) (born Manchester) / 78 / Bell hanger / Paralysis . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (9 October 1877), 1 

ANDREW. - On Sunday, 7th October, at her son's residence, 139, Melville street, after a short illness, Sarah, relict of the late Mr. John Andrew, bell-hanger, of this city, aged 73 years. The funeral will move from her late residence THIS DAY, 9th inst., at half-past 2 o'clock, when friends are invited to attend.

ANDREW, Theresa Shirley (Theresa NOLAN; Theresa SHIRLEY; Mrs. Edwin ANDREW; Theresa ANDREW; Mrs. ANDREWS [sic])

Soprano, mezzo-soprano vocalist, actor

Born Coventry, England; baptised 30 March 1835, daughter of William Shirley BELL and Maria ? NOLAN
Married Edwin ANDREW (1831-1889), St. Matthias, Liverpool, England, 21 November 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 July 1853 (per Erasmus, from England)
Active with Lyster Opera Company, Australia, 1861-68
Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1868 (per Alexander Duthie, for San Francisco, California) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Theresa Andrew, and her husband Edwin, arrived in Melbourne, on the Erasmus, on 4 July 1853. Before the end of the month, as Miss Theresa Shirley, she was already being billed as a vocalist for James Ellis's promenade concerts at the Salle de Valentino, appearing alongside Louisa Urie and Robert Barlow.

After this first engagement, which continued into September, she for a while disappears from view. In 1854 she gave birth to a daughter Marion, and she was probably the "Miss Shirley" who appeared in minor roles at the Theatre Royal, Geelong, in July 1855.

As Mrs. Andrews (and thereafter more often so than "Mrs. Andrew") she next appeared in November 1856, at a soiree for the Collingwood Mechanics' Institute, singing Mazzinghi's duet When a little farm we keep, with Thomas Ewart.

In April 1857, she was singing in Anna Bishop's opera company at the Princess Theatre, and briefly noticed as her namesake Teresa in La sonnambula, a role she also later performed many times for the Lyster Opera Company.

She also sang oratorio for the Collingwood Harmonic Society, and the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, described as one of the latter society's "most valued and oldest members" when the Age briefly reviewed a concert she gave in November 1858.

That same month, as "Theresa Andrew" she was signatory to a public letter from members of the opera company at the Princess Theatre, complaining at their rough treatment at the pen of the Argus critic, James Edward Neild.

In January and February 1859 she appeared for Eugene Lissignol in his concerts in Melbourne and Geelong.

For 8 months, from June 1859 to February 1860 she was a member of the Star Theatre troupe at Beechworth in the north-east goldfields. She and fellow company member, Joe Small, returned to Beechworth briefly in March 1861.

In April, however, she was almost certainly back in Melbourne, among the local singers and instrumentalists who joined the just-arrived Lyster Opera Company. She was first billed with the company as Teresa in La sonnambula, at Geelong in May, Castlemaine in June, and Sydney in August (not to be confused with another Mrs. Andrews who appeared with a theatre troupe in regional Victoria in July 1861).

She remained a "seconda donna" with the Lyster company throughout its seven years in Australia and New Zealand, and finally sailed with it from Sydney for California, on the Alexander Duthie, on 29 August 1868, never to return to the colonies.


1852, Marriage solemnized at St. Matthias' Church, in the parish of Liverpool, in the country of Lancaster' Liverpool City Council 

No. 42 / November the 21 st / Edwin Andrew / 22 / Bachelor ? Clerk / [father] James Andrews / Gentleman
Theresa Nolan / 18 / Spinster / [father] William Shirley Bell / Officer . . .

Passengers per Erasmus, arrived Melbourne, 4 July 1853; Public Record Office Victoria 

from Liverpool / Teresa Andrew / 18 / English // Edwin [Andrew] / 22 / Clerk / English

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1853), 8 

OPEN every Evening, the Salle de Valentino,
Proprietor, Mr. James Ellis, of Cremorne Gardens.
Grand Promenade Concert, a la Musard.
Conductor - Mons. Fleury.
The following Vocalists will appear this week -
Miss Louisa Urie, Miss Theresa Shirley, Miss Bourne, and Mr. Barlow . . .

? [Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (13 June 1855), 3 

Hamish, Miss Shirley; Robert, Miss Shirley . . .

"CONCERT IN COLLINGWOOD", The Age (28 November 1856), 5 

On Wednesday evening, an Amateur performance was given at Wood's Assembly Rooms, on behalf of the Collingwood Mechanics' Institute. The entertainment consisted of Glees, Songs, Duets, and Recitations. The whole passed off very creditably. The songs by Mrs. Goodlilfe and Mrs. Andrews deserve especial notice, being beautifully and feelingly sung. The latter lady and Mr. Ewart received an encore in the Duet, "When a little farm we keep." The success of the attempt to introduce a superior class of music, justifies us in expecting a crowded attendance on the next occasion.

"EMERALD HILL MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Argus (6 February 1857), 6 

A Concert in aid of the funds of the institution took place on Monday evening in the Great Iron Store, and the full attendance was a proof that cheap concerts would be well supported by all classes. Mr. Andrews [sic], a mezzo soprano of considerable talent, was loudly and deservedly encored in every song. Mr. James Houston, an inimitable comic singer, was well received, as was also Messrs. West, Franks, Shepherd, and the other vocalists. Mr. Oatey. a clever performer on the concertina, played several selections from favourite operas, to the evident delight of his auditors.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1857), 8 

Programme. Part I . . . Song - "Little Nell," Mrs. Andrews . . .
Part II . . . Song - "Sweet Dream of Life," Mrs. Andrews . . .

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age (27 April 1857), 5 

On Saturday, "La Sonnambula" was produced, but, though this charming opera was rendered with considerable spirit, and, from the applause it elicited, evidently satisfied the audience, it was just as evident that the whole vocal corps were jaded with their three consecutive nights of "Norma." The wear and tear was more especially noticeable in the principals, who did their best to satisfy a good-natured audience. Madame Bishop, of course, sustained Amina, Mr. Sherwin Elvino, and Mr. Farquharson Rodolpho. Madame Sara Flower under took the character of Lisa at almost an hour's notice, and Mrs. Andrews that of Teresa. The opera was certainly not so satisfactorily rendered as we could wish, but the circumstances we have mentioned afford ample excuse . . .


On Tuesday evening the whole of the first, and the greater portion of the second parts of Haydn's "Creation," with selections from the works of Handel, Mendelssohn, and Beethoven, were performed in this church, in connection with the opening of an organ erected therein by Mr. Biggs, organ builder, Little Lonsdale-street . . . We must draw especial attention to [the] very pleasing manner in which Mrs. Andrews sung the air - "Angels ever bright and fair" . . .

"BIRTHS", The Argus (8 June 1858), 4 

On the 7th inst., at Collingwood, the wife of Mr. Edwin Andrew, late of Dean Water Hall, near Wilmslow, Cheshire, of a daughter. Manchester papers please copy.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (21 July 1858), 5 

The third subscription concert of the Philharmonic Society for the current year, was held yesterday evening, and attracted to the Exhibition Building a large and brilliant audience . . . The solos were rendered by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Andrews, Mr. Ewart, and Mons. E. Coulon . . . The programme consisted chiefly of madrigals and glees, a chorus from Handel's "L'Allegro e il Penseroso," passages from Verdi's "II Trovatore;" vocal and instrumental selections from the works of Meyerbeer, Costa, Rinck, Mendelssohn, Kieser, Rutter, &. . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1858), 8 

COLLINGWOOD HARMONIC SOCIETY. THE SECOND SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT For the year will take place in the Collingwood Assembly Hall, Gertrude-street, TO-NIGHT . . . when will be performed HAYDN'S "FIRST SERVICE," (First time in the colony,) and a selection of Solos, Part-Songs, Glees, &c. . . .
Part I . . . Song - Truth In Absence - Harper - Mrs. Andrew . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (4 November 1858), 5 

Mrs. Andrew, one of the most valued and oldest members of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, gave a concert yesterday evening at the Collingwood Assembly Hall, Gertrude street. She was assisted by Miss Parsons, Master Johnson, Madame Leon Naej, and Messrs. Hopkins, Hornidge, Williams, and Kaye. Mr. Pringle presided at the pianoforte. The programme chiefly consisted of glees and part songs, which were generally well performed. The beneficiaire was well received, and sang with unusual spirit and effect.

[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

Theresa Andrew . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1859), 8 

MR. LISSIGNOL, Pupil of Thalberg and Lefebure-Wely, assisted by Mrs. Andrews, Miss Pilkington, Messrs. Leslie and Kaye, will give his CONCERT TONIGHT, At the Mechanics' Institute.
Programme . . . Duet - The Syren and Friar (Emmanuel), Mrs. Andrews and Mr. Kaye . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1859), 3 

PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 2. Song - "I cannot mind My Wheel, Mother" (George Linley) - Mrs. Andrew . . .
PART II . . . 2. Song, "Aria" from "the Huguenots" - (Meyerbeer) - Mrs. Andrew . . .
4. Song, "The Wishing Gate - (Sporle) - Mrs. Andrew . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (11 June 1859), 2 

Amateur Performance. A COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MISS ROSE EDOUIN . . . Star Iheatre On MONDAY, 13th June, 1859 . . .
Bourcicault's Prize Comedy of LONDON ASSURANCE . . .
After which, Mrs. ANDREWS, the celebrated Soprano from the Theatres Royal, and Princess's, Melbourne, who has kindly given her valuable services on this occasion, will sing some of her choicest Morceaux, assisted by Gentlemen Amateurs . . .

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 June 1859), 3 

. . . Mrs. Andrews, whose singing at the last performance of the Amateurs created such a sensation, will again sing "Willie, we have missed you" and other favorite songs . . .

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 December 1859), 2 

The celebration of St. Andrews Day was carried out to repletion by the Concert Company last evening, and thoroughly appreciated by all lover of Auld Lang Syne . . . Mrs. Andrew in "Jessie the Flower of Dunblane" sang with her usual sweetness of expression which gained most flattering recognition and a well deserved encore . . .

"MRS. ANDREW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 February 1860), 3 

MRS. ANDREW, LOCH STREET. DEAR MADAME, - It was in contemplation among your friends to offer you a Complimentary Benefit at the Star Theatre but, hearing with regret, that circumstances have arisen to cause your disconnection with the Star Concert Troupe, of which you have been a member from its commencement, such a course appears difficult to carry out.
Bearing in mind your valuable services, given gratuitously, for the benefit of local and other Charities, and as a slight acknowledgement of the pleasure we have experienced in listening to your performances, we beg your acceptance of the accompanying Purse of Forty Sovereigns.
Wishing you success in life, and hoping that no long period may elapse before we shall have the pleasure of meeting you again. We remain, Dear Madam, Charles Stewart . . . [about 30 other signatories]

TO C. STEWART, Esq., and Gentlemen Signing Testimonial.
Dear Sirs,- It is with pride and gratitude I acknowledge the Testimonial which you have done me the honor of presenting . . .
Loch Street, Beechworth, February 1st, 1860.

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 March 1861), 2 

Mr. Small gave another entertainment at this place of amusement on Saturday evening. His endeavours to please his audience were very successful, and they showed their appreciation by continued encores. Mrs. Andrews also sang several beautiful songs, and we thought her style had greatly improved since her last visit to Beechworth.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (3 May 1861), 4 

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (3 June 1861), 3 

LA SONNAMBULA . . . Teresa - Mrs. Andrews . . .

"CASTLEMAINE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (8 June 1861), 2 

From the Advertiser of Tuesday we quote the following . . . On Monday night the opera troupe appeared in "Sonnambula." It would be difficult to describe the perfection of these accomplished artistes . . . Madame Lucy Escott, as Amima, exhibited powers not only as a singer but as an actress that delighted the audience. The Elvino of Mr. Squires was admirable. We cannot but regret that indisposition deprived us of the presence of our old favourite, Farquharson; Mr. F. Lyster was, however, a very excellent Rudolph. Mrs. Ada King, Mrs. Andrews, and Mr. Frank Trevor, evidently exerted themselves, and succeeded in proving that the English opera can be rendered by our own Anglo Saxon race in a style not inferior to foreign artistes. On Tuesday evening "Maritana" was performed . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 June 1861), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . [Lyster opera company] . . . THIS EVENING . . .
LA SONNAMBULA . . . Teresa - Mrs. Andrews . . .

"THE OPERA", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (9 August 1861), 4 

. . . The parts of Lisa and Teresa were sustained very creditably by Madame Ada King (who introduced a brilliant cavatina, by Ricci, at the commencement of the last act), and Mrs. Andrews . . . The presence of Mrs. Andrews and Mr. Kitts in the choruses contributed not a little to their efficiency and general steadiness . . .

"THEATRICALS, &c. ROYAL VICTORIA - OPERA", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (17 August 1861), 3 

In spite of most unpropitious weather, and maugre "Niobe all tears", the opening week passed off with eclat, the attendance being very fair and select . . . such as to establish the Lyster Company in public favour . . . Mrs. Ada King and Mrs. Andrews have proved themselves exceedingly valuable adjuncts to the Company . . .

No. 1. Australian celebrities; or, Personal portraits of 100 theatrical stars of various magnitudes (Melbourne: H. T. Dwight, 1865) 

Mrs. Andrews

Mirth has a temple day and
A charm it has the dull night's cheer,
None does it spare where rests its sprite,
Dull case it kill oft far and near,
Rich is a noble address ever,
Endowed by nature for her task,
With this same Lady now so clever
Seen is her shill [?], without a mask.

"CLEARANCES. AUGUST 28", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1868), 4 

Alexander Duthie, ship, 1159 tons, Captain Douglass, for San Francisco. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Lyster and servant . . . Madame Escott, Miss Warden, Mrs. Andrews, Mrs. King, Messrs. Squires, Beaumont . . .

"THE LYSTER OPERA COMPANY", The Australasian (13 March 1869), 18 

This talented operatic troupe, after a sojourn of over seven years in Australia and New Zealand, left for California on the 29th of August last, in the clipper ship Alexander Duthie, which sailed from Sydney for San Francisco, and arrived (after a rather protracted passage) at the latter port, on the morning of the 13th November . . .

Bibliograpy and references:

Kurt Ganzl, "In search of (another) singer . . .", posted 23 March 2017 


Musician, member of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843 (shareable link to this entry)


"ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 


The Orchestral Selections for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include Haydn's Symphony, No 2; Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia; and Brilliant Arrangement of Strauss Valses.

The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.


Actor vocalist

Active regional VIC, 1861 (shareable link to this entry)


"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . INGLEWOOD (From Tuesday's Advertiser), Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (6 July 1861), 2 

. . . in the favorite Scotch drama of Rob Roy . . . Mrs. Andrews, as Diana Vernon, sang the songs incidental to the part very sweetly . . .

ANDREWS, Edward Robert George W. (Edward R. G. W. ANDREWS)

Teacher and composer of music, orchestral conductor, reviewer, examiner

Born ?, 1862/3 ; son of Richard ANDREWS and ? FROST
Active Bendigo and Melbourne, VIC, 1887
Died Canterbury, VIC, 25 February 1930, aged 67 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Bendigo Orchestral Society; Bendigo Lyric Orchestra; Bendigo Liedertafel


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1886), 4

"MR. E. R. G. W. ANDREWS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1887), 2

This gentleman, who is well-known in musical circles, will take his departure today by the afternoon train for the metropolis, where it is his intention to practice his profession as a teacher and composer of music. His office will be in Mr. Glen's musical establishment in Collins street. Mr. Andrews, it will be remembered, lately won the prize for the musical composition to the cantata to be performed at the opening of the Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition.

"THE MUSIC CRITICISED", South Australian Register (22 June 1887), 6

"MUSIC OF THE CEREMONIAL", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (25 June 1887), 7

"THE EAGLEHAWK MUSICAL COMPETITION", Bendigo Advertiser (8 October 1895), 3

"MR. E. R. G. ANDREWS'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (30 October 1897), 5

"NIKISCH, THE GREATEST LIVING CONDUCTOR", Bendigo Advertiser (29 May 1907), 6

"MARSHALL-HALL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (19 May 1908), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 February 1930), 1

Selected works:

Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition cantata (words by G. H. Cossins) (Adelaide: E. Spiller, Government Printer, 1887)

Mariette; or, The rule of the fairies (an entirely original romantic opera in two acts written by E. G. L. Sweet) (libretto, Melbourne: Universal Printing Company, [1888?])

ANDREWS, Emily (Emily ?; Mrs. Frank ANDREWS)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, professor of singing

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 31 December 1853
Active NSW, until mid July 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Emily Andrews, styling herself as Mrs. Frank Andrews, and as a pupil of Manuel Garcia, first advertised in Sydney on 31 December 1853 as directing vocal teaching at Henry Marsh's musical academy.

By March 1854 she was advertising alone, from her address in Forbes Street, Woolloomooloo, and gave her first public concert in November, assisted by Sara Flower, John Howson, and Ernesto Spagnoletti senior.

At her second "annual" concert in June 1855 she was assisted again by Flower, and by Flora Harris, Frank Howson, Coleman Jacobs, and the Band of the 11th Regiment.

She toured into country NSW in 1856, visiting Bathurst and Maitland.

At Bathurst theatre in April, while appearing with James Vinson, juvenile actor Anna Maria Quinn, and Fanny Young, she fell over on stage. Some of the company evidently believing she had been drunk. Others, the stars included, rallied around, however, and gave her a complimentary benefit, which she gratefully acknowledged in letter published in the local newspaper, signed "Emily Andrews".

After returning to Sydney in July she appeared again there with Quinn at the Royal Victoria Theatre, and in concert for Frank Howson and John Winterbottom.

In Maitland in August she sang "the beautiful ballad" of Willow Glen, and, as an encore, Kate Kearney.

She last advertised as a teacher in Sydney in July 1857, and thereafter disappears entirely from record.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1853), 7

Pianoforte and Singing Instruction.
MR. HENRY MARSH begs to announce to his friends and pupils that he will resume his instructions on Monday, January 2nd, 1854.
Vocal department under the direction of Mrs. ANDREWS, pupil of GARCIA.
Terms, &c., may be obtained at 490 1/2, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1854), 1

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS (Pupil of Garcia), begs to inform her pupils and the ladies of Sydney, that she has removed to No. 1, Teemore-Terrace, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo, where she continues to give lessons in singing. Terms may be had at Mr. PIDDINGTON'S, Stationer, George-street; and at her residence.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (6 May 1854), 9 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS, pupil of Garcia, begs to inform the ladies of Sydney that she continues to give lessons in Singing, at her residence, 19, Treemore-terrace, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo. Terms may be had at Mr. Piddington's, Stationer, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1 

Overture to William Tell - Band - Rossini
Madoline - Mr. John Howson - Nelson
The deep deep Sea - Madame Sarah Flower [sic] - Horn
La Morale in tutto questo (Don Pasquale) - Mrs. Andrews
Sweet home - Signor Spagnioletti [sic]
As it fell upon a Day (duet) - Mrs. Andrews and Madame Sarah Flower - Sir H. R. Bishop
I'd rather be a Village Maid - Mrs. Andrews - W. Balfe
Non Piu Andrai - Signor Spagnioletti
Hearts and Homes - Mr. John Howson - Blockley
Overture - Band
Ballad - Mr. John Howson
Soura il - Signor Spagnioletti
Deh con te (the celebrated Duet from Norma) - Mrs. Andrews and Madame Sarah Flowerv Dermot Astore - Madame Sarah Flower
Quand je quittais la Normandie (Robert le Diable) - Mrs. Andrews
Duet - Madame Flower and Mr. Howson
Kate Kearney - Mrs. Andrews - Lee
God Save the Queen - Band
Doors open at half past 7, to commence at 8 o'clock.
Tickets for the reserved seats, 7s 6d , unreserved, 5s.
To be had of Messrs. Johnson, Pitt-street, Henry Marsh and Co., and Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke, and of Mrs. Andrews, 19, Teemore-terrace, Forbes-street.

"CONCERT AT THE ROYAL HOTEL", Empire (16 November 1854), 5 

Mrs. Andrews gave a concert last evening at the Royal Hotel, assisted by Madame Sara Flower, and M. Spagnoletti. There was a very respectable audience, to whom the debutante appeared very acceptable, judging from the encores demanded each time she appeared. Her voice is a soprano of considerable power, and peculiar for its clearness and freshness, as was particularly evident in the last ballad of the evening, Kate Kearney; in her rendering of this song, the sustaining of the high notes displayed great cultivation. At present Mrs. Andrews may be said to lack the animation requisite in Italian operatic singing, but this is doubtless owing to the diffidence natural upon a flrst appearance in public, and which feeling, practice will gradually lessen. Madame Sara Flower was in most excellent voice, and assisted greatly in the success of the concert - we have never heard her sing with greater power, or with more cordiality of expression. The duet "Deh conte," from Norma, by her and Mrs. Andrews was the gem of the evening, and was warmly applauded. Mr. Spagniolettl sang several songs in a most finished manner - his voice is a tenor, and his style evinces much cultivation; a duet between him and Madame Sara Flower was encored. As a whole the concert was entirety successful, and the audience which was not very numerous, seemed well pleased. The instrumental performers played in a most effective manner.

[Advertisement], Empire (5 December 1854), 1 

CONCERT IN PARRAMATTA . . . on WEDNESDAY next December 6th . . . at the Dining Hall, King's School house.
MISKA HAUSER will, on this occasion, be assisted by Mrs. Andrews, Messrs. Spagnoletti, and Charles S. Packer.
PROGRAMME. Part I. Trio - "Canoni a tre voci" (Perfida Clori, Cherubini) - Mrs. Andrwes, Messrs. Spagnoletti and Packer . . .
Song - Kate Kearney (Lee) - Mrs. Andrews.
Part II. Trio - "O'er the far Mountain" (Sadak, C. S. Packer) - Mrs. Andrews, Messrs. Spagnoletti and Packer . . .
Duet - "Sul Campo de la Gloria" (Belisario), Mrs. Andrews and Mr. Packer . . .
Aria - "Alfin billar nell vidii" (Luigi), Mrs. Andrews . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1854), 1 

CONCERT IN PARRAMATTA . . . on WEDNESDAY next December 6th . . . at the Dining Hall, King's School house.
MISKA HAUSER will, on this occasion, be assisted by Mrs. St John Adcock, Messrs. Spagnoletti, and Charles S. Packer . . .
In consequence of Mrs. Andrews having a severe cold, and consequently not being able to sing, Mrs. St. John Adcock has, in the handsomest manner, kindly consented to take her place . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1855), 1 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS begs to inform her Pupils and the Ladies of Sydney, that she has removed from Teemore-terrace to Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo (where she continues to give lessons in singing). Terms may be had at JOHNSON'S Musical Repository, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1855), 1 

UNDER the Distinguished Patronage of His Excellency the Governor-General and Lady Denison.
His Excellency and Lady Denison have signified their intention to honor the Concert with their presence -
MRS. FRANK ANDREWS' Grand Soiree Musicale, THIS EVENING, June 25th, 1855.
New Concert Hall, Royal Hotel, when she will be assisted by the following artists: -
Madame Sara Flower, Mr. Frank Howson, Mr. Banks, and Mr. Coleman Jaobs, the celebrated pianist.
Part I.
Overture - Band.
"The Maid of Normandy"- Horn - Mr. Banks.
Rondo - "La Morale," (Don Pasquale) - Donizetti - Mrs. Andrews.
Solo Pianoforte - Mr. Coleman Jacobs.v Scena - "Ah! quel giorno," ( Semiramide) - Rossini, Madame Sara Flower.
Song - Schubert - Mr. Frank Howson.
Duet - "Dark days of horror," (the Grand Duet from the Opera of Semiramide" - Rossini. Mrs. Andrews and Madame Sara Flower.
Ballad - "Oh! give me back the Friend I loved" - Donizetti. Mrs. Andrews.
Part II.
Waltz - Band.
Scena - "The Sailor Boy's Dream - J. Knight. Mr. Banks.
Duet - "Deh Conte," - (the celebrated Duet from Norma) Madame Sara Flower and Mrs. Andrews.
Solo Pianoforte - Mr. Coleman Jacobs.
Song - " II Brindisi" - (Lucrezia Borgia). Madame Sara Flower.
Duet - "Tante Complimenti." Madame Sara Flower and Mr. Frank Howson.
Song - "The Ship is parting from the shore" - Lover. Mr. F. Howson.
Song - "Alfin Brilla" - Luigi - Mrs. Andrews.
Finale- "God Save the Queen". Band.
N.B. By the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield the Band of the XIth Regiment will attend her Concert.
Concert to commence at a quarter past eight o'clock.

"MRS. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (30 June 1855), 3 

. . . Sir William Denison could not attend personally . . . Lady Denison, however, honored the concert with her presence . . . The room, if not crammed to overflowing, was favored by a highly respectable audience, who entered fully into the rich programme placed before them. As regards the merits of Mrs. Andrews, we are able to remark that she possesses a sweet, though not powerful voice, with a style which proves that she has studied under good masters . . .

"MRS. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (30 June 1855), 2

. . . It is always an extremely delicate task to criticise the performances of a lady, especially when she does not "fly too high," and therefore experiences no egregious fall, and we certainly feel inclined to deal gently with Mrs. Andrews. The natural diffidence arising from so seldom appearing in public militates greatly against any telling success; but we willingly accord her praise for her delivery of the beautiful "Alfin Brilla," rendered so exquisitely by Miss Catherine Hayes. It had not the sparkling brilliancy and piquancy imparted to it by that enchanting cantatrice, but it was carefully and correctly given, and elicited an encore. We cannot say as much for the "Deh Conte," although Sara Flower strove hard to sustain her, and the support of such a true artiste is a "tower of strength" . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1855), 1 

PARRAMAMATTA. - PROGRAMME of Mrs. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, which by the kind permission of the Rev. the Head Master, will be given in the Dining-hall of the King's School,
on MONDAY EVENING, July 23rd, 1855.
Overture - (Zauberflote) - Pianoforte duet - Mozart, Miss Griffiths and Mr. Packer.
Song - "Oh, give me back the friends I loved " - Donizetti. Mrs. F. Andrews.
Duet - "As it fell upon a day" - Bishop. Mrs. Frank Andrews and Mr. Banks.
Fantasia - Pianoforte-Transcription de la Marche du Sacre - Meyerbeer. Mr. Packer.
Ballad - "Echo answered, Where?", - Banks. Mr. Banks.
Romance - "Childhood's Days " (Joseph) - Mehul. Master Charlton (his first appearance).
Scena - "Oh, Love, for me thy power " (La Sonnambula). Mrs. Frank Andrews.
Trio - "Lo, morn is breaking!" - Cherubini. Mrs. Frank Andrews, Mr. Banks, and Mr. Packer.
Duetto - "Dark day of horror" (Semiramide) - Rossini. Mrs. Frank Andrews and Mr. Packer.
Scena - "The Sailor-boy's Dream" - Knight. Mr. Banks.
Song - "The Blind Girl to her Harp" - Glover. Mrs. Frank Andrews.
Trio - "O'er the Far Mountain" (Sadak and Kalasrade) - Packer. Mrs. Frank Andrews, Mr. Banks, and Mr. Packer.
Song - "The merry Sunshine" - S. Glover. Master Charlton.
Song - "The Emigrant Ship" - Phillip. Mr. Banks.
Arietta - "Al fin brillar" - Ricci. Mrs. Frank Andrews.
Finale - "God, save the Queen."
Mr. Packer will preside at the pianoforte.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.
Tickets, 5s. each; to be had of Mr. MASON, bookseller, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1855), 1 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS begs to inform the inhabitants of Sydney that she intends leaving the colony next year, that during her stay she will continue to devote her time in giving lessons in singing. Mrs. A. professes to teach from the simple ballad to the beautiful operatic cavitana [sic]. Lessons will be given by the half hour if required. Terms may be had at Johnson's Musical Repository, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1856), 1 

at the Royal Hotel, when the following artistes will have the honour of appearing:
Mrs. H. T. Craven, Mrs. Frank Andrews, Mrs. Bridson, Mr. F. Howson, and M. Winterbottom . . .
Mons. Armand Roeckel has most kindly consented to preside at the pianoforte.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Ballad - Mrs. Frank Andrews . . .
PART SECOND. Duet - Mrs. Frank Andrews and Mr. F. Howson . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (1 March 1856), 3 

Mrs. Frank Andrews, pupil of the renowned Garcia, will appear this evening.
Drama, Songs, and Farces for this evening's entertainment . . .

"BATHURST [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT] . . . THEATRICALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1856), 4

We have now a very superior company at the Victoria Theatre, the spirited proprietor having spared no expense in catering for the amusement of the public. We are also indebted to him for the introduction to Bathurst of a higher class of singing. The present favourite, a Mrs. F. Andrews, well known in Sydney, possesses a splendid mezzo-soprano voice, with the higher notes, and is, so I am told, a pupil of Garcia. She has quite taken the Bathurst people by surprise.

"BATHURST [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT]", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1856), 5 

. . . She has, as I have before said, a mezzo-soprano voice of considerable compass and great sweetness, particularly in the high notes. I observe, in your critiques on Mrs. F. Andrews' performances in Sydney, that this lady was diffident. I must say I saw nothing of this in her performances here; no doubt practice has overcome the (natural) timidity consequent upon a public appearance before a foreign auditory. The manner in which I heard her give "Una voce poco fa," from the opera of "II Barbiere de Siviglia," evinced nothing of this. The clearness and freshness of Mrs. F. Andrews' voice is remarkable. The extraordinary execution peculiar to this music shows the diligence with which this lady has studied under the great Garcia. The animation with which this aria was given, carried me back to-days of "auld lang syne." I am almost afraid to think how long since, when I used to revel in the thrilling notes of the opera in the old country. I have heard Mrs. F. Andrews sing also the "Sad sea waves" and "Woodman spare that tree"; but, among ballads, I must specially allude to that of "Kate Kearney"; the sustaining of the higher notes in which song displayed the greatest cultivation. It is a libel upon the Bathurst people to suppose that they do not know what good music is. Unfortunately the Victoria Theatre, where this distinguished artiste sings, is inconveniently situated and not very easy of access. The attendance has, consequently, not been so numerous as the proprietor could have desired; nevertheless, the enthusiasm with which Mrs. F. Andrews has been received, as evinced by the nightly encores, speaks well for their appreciation of talent, as displayed by the fair artiste.

"'POLICE COURT. FRIDAY, APRIL 11TH . . . ANDREWS v. MILNE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (16 April 1856), 2 

This was a summons for assault. Mrs. F. Andrews deposed: - I am an actress at the Victoria Theatre; on Tuesday evening, the 8th instant, a dispute arose between me and the defendant, who is the manager, respecting my singing, when he ordered me off the stage; upon my refusing to go, he took me by the shoulders and shook me violently; I then fell down and fainted. For the defence, Mr. E. Wright was called, who swore that no undue violence was used by the defendant. Case dismissed.

[2 advertisements], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (19 April 1856), 3 

On which occasion, MISS A. M. QUINN AND MR. JAMES H. VINSON, Have kindly volunteered their services.
MRS. FRANK ANDREWS, Who has kindly volunteered in a choice selection of favorite Songs . . .

To Miss A. M. Quinn and Mr. Vinson, Miss Young, Messrs. Daniels and Russell, and the other Ladies and Gentlemen of the Company, performing at the Royal Prince of Wales Theatre, who so disinterestedly offered me; -
and to Mr. Pyke and the Public generally who so substantially supported, the complimentary Benefit last night.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. - I am at a loss for words to, adequately express my feelings upon this occasion. I cannot, however, allow the occurrence to pass over in silence. | The substantial compliment you have made me, proves that the breath of slander, finds no echo in your breasts. The protection which I sought, has been afforded to me, and my professional reputation established, by your sympathetic exertions. The feelings of gratitude, which at this moment overcome me, towards those, who have thus come forward to the rescue, will remain to the day of my death; and when far from hence, in dear old England, surrounded by those nearest and dearest to me, the name of Bathurst will retain a place in my heart never to be supplanted.
I have the honor to be Ladies and Gentlemen, Your most obliged & humble Servant,
Bathurst, April 16th, 1856.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (30 April 1856), 1 

On which occasion Mrs. Frank .Andrews will preside at the Piano Forte.
THE Inhabitants of Bathurst and its vicinity are most respectfully informed that MRS. FRANK ANDREWS,
and MISS FANNY YOUNG will give their farewell concert at the above mentioned Theatre, on Thuraday evening, May 1st,
it being POSITIVELY THEIR LAST APPEARANCE IN BATHURST, upon which occasion the following SPLENDID PROGRAMME has been arranged for the entertainment.
An enlarged and efficient Orchestra has been provided for the occasion.
Leader of the Orchestra- Mr. G. Chittenden.
Overture - Orchestra.
Opening Chorus - God Save the Queen
Through the Wood - (Cavatina by Horn) - Mrs. Frank Andrews
Favorite Ballad - Mr. Morgan
Charming May-(Ballad) - Miss Chittenden
Irish Emigrant - (Ballad) - Miss Fanny Young
Favourite Ballad - Mr. Morgan
New Year's Eve - (Ballad) - Miss Chittenden
The Merry Sunshine - Miss Fanny Young
Auld Robin Grey - Mrs. Frank Andrews.
Overture - Orchestra
Rule Britannia - (National Anthem) - Miss Fanny Young
Favourite Ballad - Mr. Morgan
One Careless Word - (Ballad) - Miss Chittenden
Kate Kearney - (Ballad) - Mrs. Frank Andrews
She is far from the Land - Miss Fanny Young
The Hope of Coming Blessing - (Cavatina), from the Grand Opera of Elena Uberti, by R. C. Bochsa - Mrs. Frank Andrews
Overture - Orchestra
Mary, Queen of my Soul - (Ballad) - Miss Chittenden
Favourite Ballad - Mr. Morgan
Young Lady's "No" - (Ballad) - Miss Fanny Young
Meet me in the Willow Glen - (Ballad) - Mrs. Frank Andrews
Favourite Ballad - Mr. Morgan
Savourneen Deelish - (Ballad) - Miss Fanny Young
Chansonette Francaise, La Bagadier [La bayadere] (as sung by Madame Anna Bishop - Mrs. Frank Andrews
Grand Finale Chorus - Red, White, and Blue - Miss Fanny Young and Company . . .

"CONCERT AT THE PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (10 May 1856), 2 

On Thursday evening, last, an evening concert took place at the Prince of Wales Theatre for the benefit of Mrs. Andrews and Miss Fanny Young. The boxes were pretty well filled, but the pit was very poorly attended, and the "benefit" to the fair songstresses was very easily reckoned at the close of the evening. Many of Mrs. Andrews songs were sung with excellent taste, but her indistinct pronunciation detracts somewhat from the effect of her ballad singing. On the contrary Miss Young gave us the author as well as the air, or in the language of Pope, "made the sound a echo to the sense," and her easy unaffected style, not less than the feeling she threw into some of her ballads, were appreciated by the audience, by whom she was encored in almost every song. A Mr. Morgan, a gentleman blessed with a very good voice gave the Englishman, much after the manner of an animated icicle, and several others with equal spirit. Upon the whole the concert afforded a few hours' very agreeable pastime to the lovers of music. We perceive that Mrs. Andrews announces another concert for Monday night.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (10 May 1856), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1856), 8 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS begs to inform her pupils and the inhabitants of Sydney, that she has returned from Bathurst, and will commence giving lessons in Singing and the Piano on MONDAY, 26th instant. Terms may be known at her residence, 41, Bath-terrace, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (1 July 1856), 4 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING, Tuesday, July 1st . . . the admired drama of SATAN IN PARIS . . . Clarisse by Miss A.M. QUINN. MUSICAL MELANGE by Mrs. FRANK ANDREWS, who has kindly volunteered and Mr. JOHN HOWSON. To conclude with the THE LITTLE TREASURE.

[Advertisement], "The Queen's Theatre", Maitland Mercury (19 August 1856), 3

Queen's Theatre, West Maitland. OPENING NIGHT, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21ST . . . THE LADY OF LYONS. First appearance in Maitland of the celebrated vocalist, Mrs. FRANK ANDREWS, who will sing the beautiful ballad of the "Willow Glen" . . .

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Maitland Mercury (23 August 1856), 2

. . . Mrs. Frank Andrews sang the beautiful ballad of the "Willow Glen," and upon being encored "Kate Kearney," very prettily . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (16 September 1856), 3 

Queen's Theatre, West Maitland. FOR THE BENEFIT OF MRS. FRANK ANDREWS . . .
THIS EVENING (TUESDAY), Sept. 16, the performances will commence with LUKE THE LABORER . . . Clara - Mrs. Andrews . . .
To be followed by a GRAND CONCERT.
Happy Moments - Misa Julia Clifford.
Cavatina, "Hope of Coming Blessing," Mrs. F. Andrews.
Duett, "Beautiful Venice," Mrs. F. Andrews and Mrs. Weston.
Ballad, "Willow Glen," - Mrs. F. Andrews.
"Do not Mingle" (from La Sonnambula), Mrs. F. Andrews . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (18 December 1856), 1 

Lessee and Manager - Mr. W. H. STEPHENS. Last Night of the Season.
Complimentary BENEFIT of Mr. W. H. STEPHENS . . .
Ballad - "Home, Sweet Home" - Mrs. Frank Andrews . . .
Ballad - "Meet me in the Willow Glen," - Mrs. Andrews . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1857), 1 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS (pupil of Garcia), begs to inform her pupils and friends she will resume her instruction in singing, English, French, and Italian, with the pianoforte and guitar on MONDAY the 13th instant. 41, Bath-terrace, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo.

"SHAKSPERIAN ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (26 March 1857), 5 

We direct attention to an advertisement in another column of a Musical and Poetical Entertainment confined exclusively to the performance of songs, ballads, and glees from the works of Shakspeare. The artistes engaged are Mrs. Andrews, Madame Lamont, M. Walcot, Mr. Howson, and Mr. Wheeler . . . We may add, the entertainment is projected by Mr. A. J. Mason, a gentleman who enjoyed considerable reputation in England for his lectures on the art of wood engraving . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1857), 1 

. . . On THURSDAY, March 26th, 1857 . . .
Song - "When Daisies Pied," Mrs. Andrews . . .
Duet - "As it fell upon a Day," Madame Lamont and Mrs. Andrews . . .
Ballad - "Bid me Discourse," Mrs. Andrews . . .
Duet - "Tell me where is Fancy Bred," Mrs. Andrews and Madame Lamont . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1857), 9

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS, Professor of Singing, 35, Victoria-st. North. Terms, 6 guineas per quarter.

ANGUS, Silvanus (Silvanus ANGUS; Mr. S. AGNUS; Sylvanus)

Bass vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society, by 1857)

Born Newcastle Upon Tyne, England, 9 March 1829; son of Henry ANGUS and Mary THOMPSON
Arrived Australia, 17 August 1854 (passenger per Great Britain, from Liverpool, 12 June)
Married Matilda Emma FLORENCE (1838-1918), Melbourne, VIC, August 1858
Died Mornington, VIC, 13 March 1897, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Angus made a good impression in one of his earliest solo appearances for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in Haydn's Imperial mass in 1857. The "Qui tollis peccata" was:

. . . taken by a Mr. Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert.

For a quarter of a century, Angus was Melbourne's leading oratorio bass soloist, appearing regularly in standard repertoire works. He was also a soloist in the first Australian performance of Molique's new oratorio Abraham by the Philharmonic in December 1862.

He was bass soloist in the first performances of several new colonial compositions, including George Tolhurst's oratorio Ruth in 1864, Charles Edward Horsley's lyric masque The south seas sisters in 1866, and George Torrance's oratorio The revelation in 1882.


Register of births, New Court Chapel, Westgate St. (Particular Baptist), Newcastle upon Tyne, 1815-1837; UK National Archives 

No. 73 . . . Silvanus Angus eighth child of Henry Angus of Newcastle upon Tyne Draper by Mary his wife, who was daughter of Henry Thompson of Newcastle upon Tyne was born in New Court Cottage in the Parish of St. John . . . upon the ninth day of March in the year [1829] . . . registered 27 Jan'y 1837 . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Westgate, Northumberland; UK National Archives, HO 107/2404 

Cottenham Street / Mary Angus / Head / 60 . . .
Silvanus [Angus] / Son / 22 / Coach body builder . . .
Priscilla [Angus] / Dau'r / 19 . . .

"LIST OF PASSENGERS PER GREAT BRITAIN", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (19 August 1854), 4 

. . . [intermediate] . . . Silvanus Agnus . . .


. . . Haydn's "Imperial Mass" occupied the whole of the first part of the evening, and, generally speaking, was satisfactorily rendered. The instrumentation and choruses were good, though too frequently amenable to the charge of want of steadiness and strict attention to time. In the " Gloria" the phrases "Qui tollis peccata" were taken by a Mr. Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert, and though at present he appears to be much hindered by nervousness, we shall be mistaken if he do not eventually prove to be a valuable acquisition to the vocal strength of the society. He must not, however, be content to stop where he is, for his voice is one which will amply reward him for its cultivation . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (31 March 1858), 4 

The first subscription concert of the year was given by the Philharmonic Society, yesterday evening, in the Exhibition Building, before a large and brilliant audience . . . The works selected for the performance consisted of Mozart's "Twelfth Mass," and Beethoven's Oratorio "Engedi, or David in the Wilderness," - both new to the Society and to the Melbourne public . . . The solos were entrusted to Miss Octavia Hamilton, Master Charles Cooke, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. Silvanus Angus, to all of whom we must accord great praise. In the Mass there was but little for them to do, but in the oratorio which followed, their duties were arduous, and they performed them most satisfactorily . . .

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (31 March 1858), 5 

. . . Mr. Angus sang the music of Abishai in a style which, notwithstanding a few crudities, leads us to anticipate better things of him. He has a decidedly good organ . . .

"TEMPERANCE LEAGUE . . . THE SOIREE", The Age (2 July 1858), 5 

. . . The Quartette "Hail smiling hearth," was next given by Miss Hamilton, Mr. Angus, Mr. W. H. Williams, and a contralto. (Air, "Hail, smiling morn.") . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (27 December 1858), 5 

The performance of the "Messiah" by this society on Christmas eve has now grown into a custom . . . The bass solos were represented by Messrs. Angus, Blanchard, and Mitchell. The last-named of these gentlemen was either overcome by nervousness, or suffered from a peculiar vocal embarrassment, for his tones subsided into something little short of a loud whisper. Mr. Blanchard has a voice of considerable power and compass, but he labors under the common defect of being inanimate where dramatic earnestness is necessary, and there is a want of distinctness in his delivery, which to some extent impairs effect. Mr. Angus acquitted himself with extreme credit, especially in the trumpet obligato accompanied air, "The trumpet shall sound," which was perseveringly encored, but not repeated. The obligato passage was not without expression, but it lacked steadiness - a quality of essential moment in conveying the meaning intended . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 March 1859), 8 

MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 21, When Handel's sublime Oratorio, ISRAEL IN EGYPT, Will be repeated.
Principal Vocalists - Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Stewart Ellis, Mrs. Goodliffe,
Mr. Ewart, Mr. Angus, and Mr. Blanchard.
Band and Double Chorus of One Hundred and Eighty Performers.
Conductor - Mr. Russell. Leader - Mr. King. Organist - Mr. George R. G. Pringle . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (5 December 1862), 1 

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . Conductor: Mr. C. E. Horsley.
On Tuesday Evening, 9th December, 1862, When Herr Molique's Oratorio, "ABRAHAM"
Will be Performed, for the First Time in the Australian Colonies.
Principal Vocalists: Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Batten, Mr. T. J. Jackman, Mr. Silvanus Angus, and Mr. Farquharson . . .

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIET", The Herald (29 July 1864), 2 

Mr. Horsley's Oratorio of "David" which was produced for the first time a month ago, and which achieved such a marked success as to place it among lyric works of a high class, was repented at the Exhibition Building last night by the Philharmonic Society . . . The leading soprano parts were sung by Miss Hamilton, and the principal bass passages by Mr. Angus . . .

"THE ORATORIO OF RUTH", The Age (22 January 1864), 6 

A fashionable audience filled the spacious town hall of Prahran, last night, to hear and pronounce on the merits of a new sacred oratorio, on that ancient, but ever fresh pastoral, the story of Ruth, from the pen of Mr. George Tolhurst, a local professor, and already favorably known in the musical circles of this colony . . . The principal performers were Miss Juliana King, Mrs. F. King, Miss E. Bailey, Mr. E. Exon and Mr. S. Angus . . .

"THE CONCERT IN THE EVENING", Leader (27 October 1866), 8 

. . . . The principal vocalists were Miss Bertha Watson, Mr. C. Donaldson, and Mr. S. Angus. The principal violin was Mr. Edward King; the organist, Mr. David Lee . . . The concert commenced with a version of "God Save the Queen," newly arranged by Mr. C. E. Horsley, which went well. Then followed a lyric masque, entitled, "The South Sea Sisters," written for the Exhibition by Mr. R. H. Horne, the incidental music being composed by Mr. Horsley . . . A recitation for the bass (Mr. Angus), was well rendered, it ran thus: -
The deep hoarse voice of Plutus - from beneath -
The gnomes' grotesque mirth quells;
Slowly he rises! and his heavy breath,
In golden vapor works its spells.
"Cease these vain sports! - a different race of gnomes
From distant regions comes!
Gnomes of earth's surface, but whose daring spirits
Urge them across the waters of the globe,
Her rocky centuries to probe -
Ravage and rend her 'broidered robe -
With dark enchantments wrought 'neath many starry transits" . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 December 1869), 5

At the Duke of Edinburgh Theatre last night, one of the most brilliant and numerous audiences of the season assembled to witness the chamber performance of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl," by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society . . . The part of the Count (why must thero always be a Count?), which the lugubrious Borrani appropriated and made entirely his own, should suit Mr. Angus, but last night it would appear that his voice was not in good condition; we were therefore favoured with only one verse of "The heart bowed down by weight of woe." Concerning this wo must not forgot to mention the same melody played as an introduction to the solo on an instrument which we think must bo our old friend the Corno-musa. come to life again - the same instrument with which Ali ben Soualle used to charm us at the Mechanics' Institute some 17 or 18 years ago. The tone of the instrument being deep and mellow and sympathetic, it may be readily imagined that in the hands of a skilful performer, the "Heart bowed down" would be a most attractive solo. So much were the audience pleased with it, that they unanimously, and with enthusiasm, insisted on its repetition. The song itself, coming immediately afterwards, naturally fell flat, and Mr. Angus, as we have stated, sang but the one verse. This singer possesses a bass voice of great compass, extending well into the regions of tenor, but his singing is marred by some mannerisms, which we will point out to him when his voice is in better condition than last night . . .


. . . On the whole the principal solo parts proved trying to the singer, Miss Christian and Mrs. Palmer having their voices rather severely taxed in the matter of compass. Mr. Armes Beaumont had little to do but to deliver numerous recitatives, which he executed in an artistic and earnest manner, Mr. Angus, to whom the bass solo music was entrusted, seemed nervous and the reverse of confident with his work . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 March 1897), 1

ANGUS. - On the 13th March, at Mornington, Sylvanus Angus, the beloved husband of Matilda Angus, of 19 Davis-street, South Yarra, aged 69.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 March 1899), 1

ANGUS. - In loving memory of our dear father, Silvanus Angus, who departed this life on 13th March, 1897, at Mornington.
"A few more years shall roll,
A few more seasons come,
And we shall be with those that rest
Asleep within the tomb.
Then, O my Lord, prepare
My soul for that great day,
O wash me in Thy precious blood,
And take my sins away."
- (Inserted by his loving daughter and son-in-law, L. and F. Bennett.)

Bibliography and resources:

W. A. Carne, A century of harmony: the official centenary history of the Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society (Melbourne: Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society, 1954), passim (DIGITISED) 

Melbourne Philharmonic Society (1859-69); Concert Programmes, Arts and Humanities Research Council, UK (summary of items held at British Library) 

ANNA, Signorina (Signorina ANNA; later Madame DALLE CASE)


ANTILL, Alex. (James Alexander ANTILL; Alex ANTILL; Alick ANTILL)

Comic vocalist, songwriter

Born NSW, 1834; son of Henry Colden ANTILL and Eliza WILLS
Married (1) Emma POINTON (c. 1862), VIC, 1855
Died Brighton-le-Sands, NSW, 15 February 1920 (shareable link to this entry)


"PICTON", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 July 1863), 3

. . . The local comic song by Alex. Antill, Esq., elicited much deserved approbation, some of the "hits" were certainly most apropos, more particularly that having reference to one of the late Contractors on No. 2, Railway Extension . . .

ANTONI, Pietro di (Pietro di ANTONI; Signor di ANTONI)

Bass, basso vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1 December 1867 (per Mataura, from Valparaiso, via Panama)
Died 19 October 1868, at sea (on the Alexander Duthie, from Sydney to San Francisco) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Antoni was primo basso of La Compagnia Lirica Italia, Lyster's Italian Opera Company (with Giuseppe Bertoloni, Ugo Devoti, Ida Vitali, and Guilia Colombo), that opened in Melbourne with Ernani in January 1868. According to The Argus:

We have no hesitation in pronouncing Signor Antoni one of the best artistes we have had here for many a day, and as we have before said, no basso equal to him (with the exception of one, perhaps) has ever been heard in this part of the world. We should like to hear him in German opera - as Marcel, or Caspar. His voice is admirably suited for the aria di portamento and is comparatively lost to the world of Italian opera solely.

He did duly appear in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots as the Sydney Herald reported:

The German school of composition is not that in which Signor Antoni might be expected to appear to the greatest advantage, but his Marcel was by no means ineffective - indeed it proved that the public estimation of his powers as a fine artist is fully deserved; and when it is considered that it was his first appearance in the character it must be considered successful.

Antoni died in October en route, with the Lyster company, from Sydney to San Francisco.


[News], The Argus (4 December 1867), 4

Some attention has been excited by the arrival of an opera company by the Panama mail. They style themselves La Compagnia Lirica Italia, and comprise the following performers: - Signor Giuseppe Bertoloni, baritone; Signor Devoti, tenor; Signor Pietro di Antoni, bass; Signora Ida Vitali, first soprano ; Signora Guilia Colombo, second soprano. Their capabilities are as yet unknown, but are stated to extend to the majority of French and Italian composers. We understand that Mr. Lyster, with praiseworthy anxiety to secure the best operatic talent, has already opened negotiations with them, for the purpose of ascertaining their capabilities and the chance of their success with the Melbourne public. It appears that they have hitherto played in America, but nothing is at present known concerning their reputation. If Mr. Lyster decides on engaging them, we believe it is his intention to amalgamate the two companies.

"THE NEW OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1867), 4 

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1868), 8

"THE OPERA. ERNANI", The Argus (7 January 1868), 5

"THE OPERA. L'ELISIR D'AMORE", The Argus (13 January 1868), 5

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1868), 4

"DEATH OF SIGNOR ANTONI", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1869), 4

We learn with regret that Signor Antoni, the popular basso of the Italian Opera Company, who left Sydney with Mr. Lyster's troupe in the Alexander Duthie, for San Francisco, died on the 19th October, while on the passage.

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies, 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 75, 87, 90, 164, 165, 166, 169, 178, 183, 195

APPEL, Conrad (Conrad John APPEL; Conrad APPEL; Johan Conrad APPEL; Herr APPEL; APPELL [sic])

Musician, bandmaster, brass and cornet player and teacher

Born Liebenburg, Hannover, 10 January 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 17 September 1856 (per Morning Light, from Liverpool, 6 July)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1857 (per City of Sydney, from Melbourne)
Married Elizabeth HATTON (1835-1916), Sydney, NSW, 1858
Died Glenn Innes, NSW, 14 June 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

APPEL, John Hatton (John Hatton APPEL; J. APPEL; J. H. APPEL; APPELL [sic])

Amateur musician, cornet player, band and orchestra member

Born Sydney, NSW, 1862; eldest surviving son Conrad APPEL and Elizabeth HATTON
Died Hay, NSW, 16 March 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Conrad Appel, accompanied by several fellow musicians, arrived in Sydney from Melbourne in February 1857. At various times Appel advertised his "Parisian Band" and "Brass Band" (Sydney's Cremorne Gardens, 1857), "Quadrille Band" (1859), "splendid GERMAN BAND" and "magnificent Brass BAND" (1863). In September 1861:

George Coliver was found guilty, on the prosecution of Conrad Appel, of having thrown stones at him and others, members of the German Band, to their common danger, and was ordered to pay 2s. 6d penalty, with 8s. 4d. for costs.

between December 1859 and May 1860, Appel and five other musicians formed the band for the voyage the P. & O. steamship Malta, from Sydney to Suez and return, for captain Henry Down.

One of the few records of their actual repertoire appears in a report of a dinner at which they played at Windsor in November 1864, when the toast airs they played were Fine old English gentleman, Here's a health to all good lasses, and [? Spagnoletti's] The Cornstalk galop.

In June 1866 Elizabeth Appel advertised that Appel had "entirely withdrawn from the present German Band, as he is in Queensland".

In the 1869 General Election, Appel signed a November petition of support for James Martin and Henry Parkes.

A "Herr Appel was in attendance with his cornet" at dances in Brisbane in February and April 1886. This was probably Appel's son, John, then living in Brisbane. Earlier, both father and son had worked with circus companies.

My thanks to Karen Hughes for information from her great-great-grandfather's marriage (1858), naturalisation (1904), and death certificates, and from her other research.


INWARD, A LIST of the Crew and Passengers, arrived in the steam ship City of Sydney . . . from the Port of Melbourne, to Sydney . . . Febr'y 6th 1857; State Records Authority of NSW 

[Passegers / Steerage] . . . C. Appell / H. Rosekranz / F. Fretoth / F. Meir / A. [Meir] / F. Wagner / W. Spohr / H. [Spohr] / C. Marheine [? Macheine] / H. Oppermann / L. Meir

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1857), 1

EASTER MONDAY. CREMORNE. Grand Fete. Unprecedented Attraction . . .
Dancing throughout the day under the direction of a qualified M.C. Herr Appel's Parisian band have been engaged especially for this purpose.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 May 1857), 1 

CREMORNE, MONDAY (THIS EVENING) BALL NIGHT. Dancing by Moonlight, Herr-Appell's Band.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1857), 1 

CREMORNE. - QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY. - HERR APPELL'S Band. Dancing throughout the day . . .
Madame ANNA DELLA CASSE, Professor PARKER, DHERANG and STEBBING, McGOR'S Pyrotechnist, and HERR APPEL'S Band are engaged for this occasion.

[Advertisement], Empire (30 May 1857), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - SATURDAY, May 30th, 1857. - Unexampled Success of Madame DALLECASSE. Positively the Last Night of those Wonderful Performances. Wonderful Flight from the Gallery to the Stage by Monsieurs DHERANG AND STEBBING. Ascent from the Stage to the Gallery by Madame DALLECASSE. Professor PARKER'S astounding fetes of Swordsmanship, &c. First time of the Comic French Ballet. Dissolving Views and Chromatropes . . .
A splendid Band under the direction of Herr Appel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1857), 1

NOTICE. -The German Band is ready to attend Parties and Balls at any notice, and we live at 55, Riley-streat, Woolloomooloo. The bandmaster's name is Mr. C. APPEL.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1857), 1 

CREMORNE GARDENS. - Open every Sunday for promenade and refreshment. Steamers from Steam Ferry Reserve, Circular Quay, at the hours. MONDAY SEPTEMBER 21st - These extensive and, without parallel, most naturally beautiful grounds in the colony will open for the summer season. A constant succession of enlivening amusement will be produced, popular selections by the brass band, numerous alfresco entertainments, vocal and Instrumental concerts, dancing on the illuminated platform to Herr Appel's orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (28 September 1857), 1 

CREMORNE GARDENS . . . Herr Appel's brilliant Band will perform several selections from the Operatic Gems of the Day during the Afternoon, and in the Evening the grounds will be BRILLIANTLY ILLUMINATED. The BALL will commence at 8 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1857), 1 

CREMORNE. - Herr Appel's Orchestra, Dancing, American Bowls, &c. on THURSDAY. Admission 1s.
CREMORNE. - Terpischorean Amusements, accompanied by Herr Appel's Brass Band. Steamer fare 1s.

"ST. ANDREW'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1857), 5

. . . Cremorne attracted a large number of the quieter sort to its rustic scenes, some to "trip it lightly" to Herr Appel's music; others, to indulge in equestrian feats on their lignine palfreys, who needed no impulse from spurs . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 December 1857), 3 

CREMORNE . . . BOXING DAY . . . Herr Appel's Band will be in attendance during the day. Dancing on the rotunda throughout the afternoon. Grand Ball on the Illuminated Platform, to commence at 7pm . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (1 January 1858), 1 

HERR APPELS BAND will be in attendance during the day. DANCING on the Rotunda throughout the afternoon.
GRAND BALL on the Monster Platform, to commence at 7 p.m. . . .
Operatic Selection - Lucia - Band
Song - Mr. A. Campbell
Irish Song - Paddy Doyle
Descriptive Scena - Mr. A. Campbell
New Irish Song - Paddy Doyle
Concert Polka - Band . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1858), 1 

ARGYLE ROOMS, open THIS EVENING, and every evening in the week (except Friday). Herr Appel's splendid band will attend . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1858), 1 

ARGYLE ASSEMBLY ROOMS - Select Bal Masque THURSDAY next. APPEL'S Brass Band. Admission, 3s.; commence, nine. ARGYLE ROOMS, open THIS EVENING, and every evening in the week (except Friday). Herr Appel's splendid band will attend. Doors open at half-past 7. Admission, one shilling. Dancing at 8 precisely.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1859), 1

ROTUNDA. South Head Road. - Conrad Appel's Quadrille Band TO-NIGHT, Monday.

INWARD, LIST of the crew and passengers, arrived in the Ship S.S. Malta, of London, Henry Down, master . . . from the Port of Suez to Sydney . . . 10 May 1860; State Records Authority of NSW 

Christian Fredericks / Bandmaster / 31 / [born] Hanover
Henry Spohr / Musician / 22 / Brunswick
Conrad Appel [Musician] / 35 / Hanover
Henry Rosenkranz / [Musician] / 30 / [Hanover]
Christopher Hause / [Musician] / 30 / [Hanover]
Henry Opperman / [Musician] / 30 / [Hanover] . . .

"BAZAAR FOR THE HOUSE OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD", Freeman's Journal (3 October 1860), 3 

. . . A fine Band was in attendance, under the leadership of Herr Appel. They played some very fine selections from the operas, and also some very good quadrilles and waltzes, during the day . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. WEDNESDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1861), 5

BEFORE Messrs. G. Hill, Caldwell, and Oatley.

. . . George Coliver was found guilty, on the prosecution of Conrad Appel, of having thrown stones at him and others, members of the German Band, to their common danger, and was ordered to pay 2s. 6d penalty, with 8s. 4d. for costs.

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Empire (24 September 1861), 5 

A LECTURE WAS delivered last averting, in the School of Arts, St. Leonard's, by Mr. Rodber Palmer . . . Mr. Conrad Appel's band of German musicians were present, and illustrated the lecture by the performance of a variety of pieces . . . The lecturer here stated that he had made great exertions to secure the attendance of a band of musicians, from whose performances the audience might have observed the similarity between the Chinese and Scotch airs. But he regretted to find that, notwithstanding all his efforts, the four Chinese musicians had not made their appearance. He, therefore, called on the German band, who played "The bonnie hills o' Scotland." . . .

He then alluded to the career of Spontini . . . and other great Italians, of Donizetti, and of Bellini, perhaps the greatest musician of this century. [The German band then played from Bellini's "Norma."] . . .

All Bellini's operas were cast in a like mould. His melodies were always graceful; some of his scenas were highly impassioned. [The band then played from Bellini's "Sonnambula," "As I view those scenes so charming."] . . .
[The band then played "Fra Diavolo."] . . .
The band then played "Zauberflote" [Mozart] . . .
[The band then played one of Labitzky's waltzes.] . . .
[He then requested the band to play the "Farewell to Hanover" waltz.]
In a more cheerful strain were the works of a modern writer of music, Wallace, who had formerly been in this colony,
and wrote the" Bohemian Girl." [sic] This piece was then played by the band.
The next piece was a merry one, "The shells of the ocean."
The lecturer then announced that in about a month he hoped to give his third lecture, on the national music of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales.
The band than played "God save the Queen," the audience standing. Hearty applause greeted the performance cf the band, and the lecture . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1863), 1

CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETIES GRAND UNITED STEAM EXCURSION TO MIDDLE HARBOUR, ON ST. STEPHEN'S DAY, 26th December, 1863. The magnificent steamer MORPETH will leave the H. R. N. S. N. Co.'s Wharf (foot of Market-street), for BALMORAL GARDENS, at 9 and 11 o'clock a m.; returning to Sydney at 4 and 6 o'clock p.m. Two large pavilions have been erected for DANCING, and Conrad Appel's splendid GERMAN BAND has been engaged for the day; also, an Irish Piper and Fiddler . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1863), 1

NEW YEAR'S DAY EXCURSION.-The A.S.N. Company's powerful steamer ILLALONG will leave the Circular Quay for those beautiful grounds, the BALMORAL GARDENS, at 10 and 12 o'clock a.m., and 2 o'clock p.m., returning in the afternoon at 3, half-past 4, and 6 o'clock. Conrad Appel's magnificent Brass BAND is engaged for the entire day . . .

"BALL AT THE VICTORIA BARRACKS", Empire (24 June 1864), 4

Last evening, a ball on rather a grand scale, took place at the Victoria Barracks. It was given by the members of the Military and Civil Service Cricket Club . . . Herr Conrad Appells celebrated German bend was stationed in an ante-room and played with their usual efficiency; and about ten o'clock when the ball was at its height, there could not have been less than three hundred persons present . . .


. . . After the dinner the CHAIRMAN, in appropriate terms, proposed the usual loyal toasts, which were responded to in the most enthusiastic manner, the band of Herr Appel playing the usual airs after each toast . . .
Band: Cornstalk Gallop . . .
Band; "Here's a health to all good lasses" . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1866), 1

GERMAN BAND. - The public are respectfully informed that CONRAD APPEL has entirely withdrawn from the present German Band, as he is in Queensland. ELIZABETH APPEL.

"DOUBLE BAY REGATTA", Empire (2 January 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1868), 6 

MANLY BEACH. - Herr APPEL'S BAND will play every SATURDAY, weather permitting, opposite the Pier Hotel.
Programme for this afternoon:
Preludio - Nebucadnezar - Verdi
Valse - "Passion flower" - Coote
Duett - Norma - Bellini
Quadrille - Ballo in Maschera - Reiloff
Selection - Maritana - Wallace
Galop - "Garibaldi" - Lucas.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1868), 6 

MANLY BEACH. - Herr APPEL'S Band will play every SATURDAY, weather permitting, on the Esplanade, opposite Pier Hotel. Programme for THIS AFTERNOON:- March - "Prince Frederick Carls," Bilse; Overture - "Die Königin fur einen tag," Adam; Duet from Norma, Bellini; Walse - "Passion flower," Coote; Cavatina - Sonnambula, Bellini; Quadrille - Faust, Coote.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1868), 9 

MANLY BEACH. Herr APPEL'S BAND will play THIS AFTERNOON, opposite the Pier Hotel, weather permitting PROGRAMME: Grand Selection - "Trovatore," Verdi; Cavatina "Romeo and Juliet," Bellini; Quadrille - "Ballo in Maschera," Reyloff; Cavatina - "Lucretia Borgia," Donizetti; Waltz - "Winder Kinder," Strauss; Air - "Lucia de Lammermoor," Donizetti.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1869), 2

Sands' Sydney directory (1877), 313 

Appel, Conrad, 5 Berwick lane

[Advertisement], Australian Town and Country Journal (11 February 1882), 1

APPELL. - JOHN APPELL, who is with Ashton's Circus, is requested to come home to Armidale, as there is a death in the family.

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (27 February 1886), 33

. . . Herr Appel was in attendance with his cornet . . .

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (3 April 1886), 33

. . . Herr Appel, Professor Sneyd, Mrs. Goldring, and the Misses Ward kindly assisted with the music. All played very prettily and delightful dance music, their time being splendid . . .

[Advertisement], Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (17 June 1890), 4 

Musical Instruction. MR. CONRAD APPEL is prepared to give instructions in all Brass Instruments. Terms moderate. Apply - TORRINGTON-STREET, Next to Show Ground.

"Death of an Old Musician", Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (20 June 1905), 2 

On Thursday, after an illness extending upwards of 11 months, J. Conrad Appell, a resident of some years' standing, passed over to the great majority. Deceased had exceeded the allotted span of life, and was creeping into 80th year when death claimed him. Years ago Mr. Appell was a member of a celebrated German band (the first of its kind to visit New England; and which was "stuck up" between Tenterfield and Maryland by the notorious bushranger, Thunderbolt, who relieved the musicians of all their monetary possessions), and was proficient on the clarionet, of which instrument he was particularly fond. Later on he conducted a small hand in Glen Innes. Of recent years Dame Fortune had been scant in her favors to the aged, frail musician, and he plodded away industriously, in his little garden to make a livelihood. Last year the old chap was stricken with paralysis, and since that time had been tended unceasingly by his wife, but he gradually sank, until he heard once more the trumpet call - not the old strains of way back years, but the clarion call from the Celestial Home.

[News], The Riverine Grazier (17 March 1816), 2 

A well known local resident, Mr. John H. Appell, died suddenly last night, as the result of a seizure. He had been attending to a customer at his fruit and confectionery shop at 8 p.m., and shortly afterwards collapsed and death followed quickly. The stroke which proved fatal was the second to which the deceased had been subjected; the first took place at one of the Red Cross functions, at which he was giving his services as a member of the orchestra. From the effects of that stroke he partially recovered, after a tedious period of more or less unconsciousness, but he never regained his old vigor. The deceased came to Hay from the Northern Rivers, and, assisted by his competent wife, conducted a successful business. He was an enthusiastic musician, and at one time took a considerable interest in the local band and orchestra before his illness compelled him to lay his cornet aside. Much sympathy, is being expressed for Mrs. Appell, who has a large circle of friends.


Blind violinist, ex convict

Born England, c. 1808
Convicted Lincoln, England, 13 January 1830
Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1831 (convict per Exmouth)
Active Maitland, NSW, 1843 (shareable link to this entry)


[Government notices], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 March 1834), 4 supplement 

The undermentioned prisoners have absconded . . . Hibblethwaite John, Exmouth, 24, Lincolnshire, shepherd and farmer, 5 feet 8 1/4, sallow freckled comp. light brown hair, dark grey eyes, two women, man, EIH on right arm, ship, Neptune, car, man and woman, and other marks on left arm, from John Blaxland, Merton, since Feb. 25.

"RECOVERY OF STOLEN ORDERS", The Maitland Mercury (21 January 1843), 2

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Maitland Mercury (15 April 1843), 2

John Applewhite was indicted for having in his possession a stolen order for £6 13s. 9d., on the 14th January last . . . The prisoner was in Lumley's public house the night before the robbery at the same time the prosecutor was there; he is a blind man, and had a fiddle with him . . . The prisoner said he had received the orders from George Hall, but he had not the slightest knowledge of their being stolen . . . He had been free thirteen years, and lost his sight in government service; he had never seen anything since he was free, and obtained a livelihood by playing upon a violin . . . the prisoner was then sentenced to be imprisoned in Newcastle gaol for three calendar months.

ARABANOO ("Manly")

Indigenous informant, singer (imitator of "our tunes")

Died (of smallpox, ? chickenpox), Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1789 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


For his biography, see Smith below. Tench reported Manly had "shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes".


John Hunter, An historical journal of the transactions at Port Jackson . . . (London: John Stockdale, 1792; 1793), 132 ff. (DIGITISED) (PAGE 132)

Watkin Tench, A complete account of the settlement at Port Jackson in New South Wales . . . (London: Sold by G. Nicol and J. Sewell, 1793), 13 

1st. January, 1789. To-day being new-year's-day, most of the officers were invited to the governor's table: Manly dined heartily on fish and roasted pork; he was seated on a chest near a window, out of which, when he had done eating, he would have thrown his plate, had he not been prevented: during dinner-time a band of music played in an adjoining apartment; and after the cloth was removed, one of the company sang in a very soft and superior style; but the powers of melody were lost on Manly, which disappointed our expectations, as he had before shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes. Stretched out on his chest, and putting his hat under his head, he fell asleep.

David Collins, An account of the English colony in New South Wales . . . (London: Printed for T. Cadell Jun. and W. Davies, 1798), 597 ["a native was living with us"] 


Jakelin Troy, "Language contact in early colonial New South Wales 1788 to 1791", in Michael Walsh and Colin Yallop (eds), Language and culture in Aboriginal Australia (Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, 1993), (33-50), 35

Keith Vincent Smith, "Arabanoo", Dictionary of Sydney 

ARABIN, Frances (Frances ? DAHL; Mrs. WESTON; Mrs. LAVERTY; Mrs. MACKAY, Mrs. MACKIE, occasionally MACKEY; Mrs. Gustavus ARABIN; Mrs. ARABIN)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born London, ? c. 1808/09; baptised St. George's, Hanover Square, London, 5 March 1815, daughter of Thomas Francis and Angel Mary SMITH
Married (1) Edward LAVERTY (d. 1833), St. James, Westminster, 12 April 1830
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1832
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 9 January 1834 (per Jolly Rambler, from Sydney, 3 January)
Married (2) Gustavus ARABIN, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 5 August 1837
Arrived Sydney, NSW, . . .
West Maitland, NSW, 10 October 1848, "aged 40" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptised in London in 1815, Frances was the daughter of Thomas Francis Smith and his wife Angel Maria, who later in Australia claimed to be a native of Hanover. In London in 1813 the widowed Angel remarried first Hans Olsen Dahl, and in London in 1830 she married John Henry Dieckman, with whom she emigrated to NSW. Finally in Maitland in 1850 she married Peter Cooke. Having outlived her daughter Frances by a decade, she died in Maitland in 1858.

According to her mother, Frances was 40 at the time of her death in Maitland in 1848. However, it is more likely she was born in the year of her baptism, 1815, or late the previous year, 1814.

Perhaps, then, she was as young as 15 when she married Edward Laverty at St. James's, Westminster, on 12 April 1830. Probably very soon after the wedding, the couple received a grant of £20 and sailed as assisted emigrants for New South Wales, Edward's trade recorded as pianoforte-maker, .

Going by the stage alias of Mrs. Weston, Frances made her Sydney debut with Barnett Levey's new company on 26 December 1832, playing Dolly Mayflower in Jerrold's comedy Black eyed Susan, with Mrs. Love (alias of Harriet Jones) in the title role. Thereafter, she

Edward Laverty died in June 1833, and as early as September, the Herald was describing her and her new common-law partner, the young actor Angus Mackay, as Mr. and Mrs. Mackay.

The couple sailed for Hobart Town at New Year 1834, where they were useful additions, first to Samson Cameron's theatre company at the Freemason's Tavern, and, from May, at John Philip Deane's Argyle Rooms. Briefly, in November, the Mackays ran their own company, before, in December, Barnett Levey arrived in Hobart to press them to return to Sydney.

By August 1846, or earlier, the Mackays finally parted, Angus having sailed for Britain, never to be heard of again. And in October, Frances, still calling herself Mrs. Mackay, returned to Hobart, and Anne Remens Clarke's company.

There, on 5 August 1837, she married the actor Gustavus Arabin (d. 1857). The couple came then with Anne Clarke's company to Sydney in 1838, Frances henceforth billed as Mrs. Arabin.

Early in 1847 she returned to her mother in Maitland, and in March was:

. . . about getting a room at the Rose Inn . . . fitted up as a theatre, and hopes by Easter to have it ready for performances by a mixed company, of amateurs and actors, under the management of herself and her husband, now in Sydney.

In due course in May, it was reported:

Mrs. Arabin, as usual, gave great satisfaction. In the song, "Perhaps it's as well as it is", she was rapturously encored, and although labouring under a severe cold and hoarseness, she contrived to delight the audience with her good humour and spirit.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. George Hanover Square, in the county of Middlesex, in the year 1815; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 143 / Mar. 5 / Frances Sarah Mary / [daughter of] Tho. Francis & Angel Mary / Smith / Silver St. / Serv't . . .

EMIGRATION. RETURNS TO several Addresses . . . 22 May 1833; - for . . . 2. RETURN of the number of families who emigrated to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land since the formation of the Board of Emigration (London: House of Commons, 1833), 6, 7 

[6] . . . Johan H Dieckman / Tailor / [number of persons in family] 2 [amount granted £] 20

[7] . . . Edward Laverty / Pianoforte-maker / [number of persons in family] 2 [amount granted £] 20

"THEATRE-ROYAL, SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1832), 3 

On Wednesday evening the Comic Muse made her debut in this Colony with a good grace . . . The part of BLACK-EYED SUSAN, by (Mrs. Love), was well adapted to her powers . . . DOLLY MAY FLOWER (Mrs. Weston) performed her part with much navieté [sic]. CAPTAIN CROSSTREE (Mr. Cooper) was a gentlemanly and dignified performance . . .

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1833), 2 

The pieces performed at the Theatre on Wednesday night were Black-eyed Susan and the Village Lawyer: between the pieces a pas seul was danced by Mrs. Weston, which, together with both pieces went off to the satisfaction of the audience.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (22 April 1833), 2 

On Wednesday evening, the performances were the Heir at Law and the Tale of Mystery . . . During the interval between the performance, Mrs. Weston sung Annette Lyle, and Mr. Levey the Beautiful Boy. On Thursday evening, was performed, Charles the Second . . . Mrs. Weston's Annette Lyle was an improvement on the previous evening, and Mr. Levey's Quack Doctor was well received . . .

"CORONERS INQUESTS", The Sydney Monitor (8 June 1833), 2 

A Coroner's Inquest was holden on Thursday last, at the CURRIERS' ARMS, Upper Castlereagh Street, on the body of a person named Edward Laverty, who died suddenly on the morning of that day.
Abraham Lang sworn.- I knew the deceased; he was by trade a cabinet-maker; Mrs. Laverty alias Weston, is an actress at the Theatre; I saw them both last evening, at the Three Horse Shoes public house in Pitt Street. It was between 9 and 10 o'clock, and the deceased drank some beer, called half-and half there. He was perfectly sober, and appeared to be in sound health; I took particular notice of him, as I was in conversation with him relative to the business at the Theatre. Mrs. Weston's Benefit was to have taken place tonight, and I was delivering a message to him from Mr. Levey, about the arrangements of the house. The deceased in company with his wife, left the public house to go home; he was perfectly sober at the time.
Cross examined by the Jury.- I have known quarrels between the deceased and his wife, but they were nothing more than what occur frequently in families. The deceased used to drink very hard, and when tipsey, would abuse his wife; I do not know of any agreement between them to separate; there were many persons in the public house on the evening they were there; I know nothing of the death of the deceased. A medical man, Mr. Street, was present, I believe.
Mr. B. Levey sworn - I knew the deceased; his wife is a performer at the Theatre; I saw them both yesterday, in the evening, but not later.
By the Jury.- I do not know, of my own knowledge, that an agreement was made between the deceased and his wife that they should separate; I was told that they were going to separate, and that Mrs. Laverty was to give him 50 l. and a new suit of clothes to leave him; I know that they led a very unhappy life, and I was once the means of reconciling them. The deceased has certainly told me that he suspected his wife's fidelity, & the same was reported amongst the actors; but when I saw them yesterday, they appeared perfectly amicable.
John Boyce.- I was servant to the deceased. I did not stop in the house, but went to it at nearly half-past six in the morning, and left about half-past four in the evening. This morning I went there as usual, and was let in by the mistress. I lit the fire, and as soon as the kettle boiled, which was about seven o'clock, I took a cup of tea to the deceased, who was in bed; when I approached him, he appeared in a dying state, and I went and told my mistress; she burst into tears, and I went off directly for Dr. Street, who came and tried to bleed the deceased, but without effect. The doctor said he was dead.
Cross examined by the Jury - I have lived about five or six weeks with them, and during that time I never heard them quarrel. My mistress was up and dressed, as she usually is when I went to the house. When I returned from the doctors, his mother had come, and I was sent to Mr. Jones' to borrow a tea-cup and saucer for her.
Drs Janneret and Street, who opened the body and examined it, returned a certificate, that the deceased had died of appoplexy, brought on by excessive drinking. They had carefully examined every part of the body, and no violence appeared. A partial inflammation of the stomach also existed. The Jury returned a verdict of - Died by the Visitation of God.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1833), 2 

The husband of the most talented actress on our embryo stage - Mrs. Weston - died suddenly on the morning of Thursday last. Her benefit, which was appointed for the evening of the same day, was postponed in consequence; but we see no reason why it should be deferred much longer. Although Mrs. W, cannot appear before the public at present, her friends ought to avail themselves of an early opportunity to evince that in her distress she is remembered.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 July 1833), 3 

FEELING that it would be unjust, to allow the concluding sentence of a Theatrical Advertisement to pass unnoticed, I think it is but fair to state, that, certain performers refused to play at Mrs. Laverty's benefit, because it was previously stated, as being her intention to appear in character before the public, which, deemed indelicate, was the reason they declined giving their services.
Sydney, July 11, 1833.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1833), 1 

Theatre Royal, Sydney.
FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE Widow of the late Mr. Laverty.
ON MONDAY, 15th July, 1833, will be performed, that celebrated Drama, in two Acts,
THE TALE OF MYSTERY, OR THE ASSASSIN BROTHER, as originally played at the Theatres Royal, London . . .
In Scene 1st, Act 2nd, Mrs. Laverty will sing the "Swiss Toy Girl", in the character of a Savoyard.
A new Comic Song by Mr. Dyball.
That celebrated Song of "Poor Little Mo," Mr. Duddridge.
The favourite Cavatina of "Lilies Fair," Mrs. Laverty.
A Dance by Master Martin.
The whole of the Entertainments to conclude with, for the first time in this Colony, and got up expressly for this occasion,
A Pantomime called THE THREE WISHES, OR Harlequin and the Black Pudding;
with a variety of Tricks, Dancing, change of Dress and Scenery.
Further particulars in Bills of the Day. Boxes 5s. - Pit 3s.
Tickets to be had at the Dolphin Hotel, Race Course; at the Residence of Mrs. Laverty;
at the Royal Hotel; Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, Hunter-street; Mr. Moffitt's, King-street; and at Mr. Russell's, George-street.
Inconsequence of two of the Ladies refusing to play at the above Benefit, Mrs. Laverty is obliged to appear herself.
The part of Selima will be sustained by a young Lady, being her first appearance on the Sydney Stage.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (23 September 1833), 2 

We have been requested to give the following information respecting the proposed arrangements of Mr. Levy's Theatre - Stage and Acting Managers, Messrs. Knowles and Cavendish; Leader of the Orchestre, Mr. Edwards; Violincello, Mr. Sippe; Scene Painters, Messrs. Duddridge and Fitchett; Mechanists, Messrs. Fitchett and Clark; Dresses by Mr. Aldrid; Directing Manager and Proprietor, Barnett Levy.

We have been informed that Mr. Meredith has refused three guineas per week, and that Mr. and Mrs. Mackay have refused five pounds per week.

"Shipping Intelligence. DEPARTURES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 December 1833), 2 

For Hobart Town, same day [29 December], the cutter Jolly Rambler, Brignall master, with merchandise. Passengers, Mr. Mackie and Mrs. Laverty.

"HOBART TOWN", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (14 January 1834), 2 

Jan. 9. - The cutter Jolly Rambler, 107 tons, Captain J . Brignall, from Sydney, which she left on the 3d instant, with merchandise. - Passengers, Mrs. and Miss Brignall, Miss Gloane, Mr. and Mrs. Mackay, and Miss Civory.

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (14 January 1834), 6 

The theatricals are vastly improving since our last publication, Mrs. Brown more particularly. A great acquisition to the corps dramatique has taken place in the persons of Mr. and Mrs. Mackay, from Sydney. We have not yet witnessed their performance.

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (2 September 1834), 6 

On Saturday last, Mrs. Mackay had her benefit at Mr. Deane's Theatre. The house was well filled, and the performances were highly creditable. Mrs. Mackay would have pleased the Public much better, had she not favored them with the specimen of her vocal abilities.

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (5 December 1834), 3 

On Sunday the brig Hind sailed for Sydney with part of her import cargo - passengers Mrs. Hodges and Mrs. Mackay, to augment, we learn, Mr. Levey's dramatic force at Sydney.

"Shipping Intelligence. SYDNEY. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Monitor (13 December 1834), 2 

On Thursday, the brig Hind, Captain Wyatt, from Calcutta Sept. 3rd, and Hobart Town Dec. 1st.. Passengers - Mr. Gibbons, Mrs. Frances Mackay, Mr. B. Levey, Mr. J. White, Mr. William Oxberry . . .

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 December 1834), 2 

Mr. Levey has returned to Sydney, from Van Diemen's Land, by the Hind, bringing with him an accession to the corps dramatique here, one of whom is Mrs. Mackay. We are glad of this, and we are sure the play-goers will also be glad, as Mrs. Mackay was the most admired (and deservedly so) of any actress on the Sydney boards.

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1836), 2 

On Monday evening, the Manager was under the necessity of apologising for the absence of Mr. Mackay, whose "serious indisposition" he said continued unabated . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (26 August 1836), 2 

Mr. Mackay has thought it advisable to seek his fortunes in mother land. He was a very valuable member of the corps, from the versatility of his talents, as well as from the advantage of a clear voice and general good appearance. As he is now absent we will not speak of his faults . .

"THE THEATRE", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (28 October 1836), 343 

. . . The Company has gained considerably by the return of Mrs. Clarke, and the arrival of Mrs. Mackay from Sydney. Of Mrs. Clarke we need say nothing - she is without any competitor as a singer, and is fast improving as an actress. In some characters (singing apart) we like her better than Mrs. Cameron. Mrs. Mackay used to be a favorite actress here and she has made a marked improvement since her last visit. We have only seen her on Wednesday night as Julia Mannering, and as Mrs. Somerton in the laughable farce of "My Neighbour's Wife;" but we remarked a considerable improvement in her acting . . .

"The Prompter, AND DRAMATIC CENSOR", Bent's News and Tasmanian Three-Penny Register (29 July 1837), 4 

. . . It is understood, that the Theatre will be shut up for three months at least, and that in the mean time, Mrs. Cameron, Mrs. Clarke, Mr. Arabin, and Mr. Jordan intend proceeding to Sydney, there to make their appearance on the stage. - Mrs. Mackay, having retired from our Theatre, has proceeded to Sydney.

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Trinity [Hobart] in the county of Birmingham, in the year 1837; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:823491; RGD36/1/3 no 3735$init=RGD36-1-3p86 

No. 375 / 3735 / Gustavus Frederick Ferrars Arabin of this Parish Bachelor / Francis Laverty Mackay of this parish Widow / married in the church by Banns . . . this 5th day of August in the year 1837 . . .

"THEATRE", The Hobart Town Courier (15 December 1837), 2

. . . A variety of favourite pieces have lately been enacted with much success, and none more deservedly so than the nautical drama of my My Poll and my Partner Joe, which, as it justly merits, has drawn good houses on each representation. This piece was highly popular at home, and was performed upwards of 200 consecutive nights at the Surrey Theatre. We cannot omit noticing the characters of Poll, (Mrs. Arabin), Harry Hallyard, (Mr. Grove), Joe, (Mr. Falchon), Zinga, (Mr. Arabin), which were impersonated with considerable judgment and ability . . .

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (15 March 1838), 2

From Hobart Town, yesterday, having sailed the 3rd instant, the schooner Marian Watson. Captain Shorter, with wheat potatoes, &c. Passengers . . . Mrs. Murray, Mr. Grove, Mrs. Grove, Mr. Arabin. Mrs. Arabin . . . mr. Falchion . . .

"BIRTH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 January 1839), 3 

At the residence of her mother, Mrs. John Henry Dieckman, West Maitland, Hunter's River: the wife of Mr. G. F. F. Arabin of a daughter, on Sunday the 13th inst.

"THEATRICALS", The Maitland Mercury (6 March 1847), 2

We are glad that there is a probability of the playgoers of Maitland being gratified with some theatrical performances shortly. Mrs. Arabin, who is now in Maitland, is about getting a room at the Rose Inn, we are told, fitted up as a theatre, and hopes by Easter to have it ready for performances by a mixed company, of amateurs and actors, under the management of herself and her husband, now in Sydney. We have little doubt they will meet ample encouragement to pay Maitland an annual visit.

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (15 May 1847), 2

We are sorry to state that the Theatre was on Tuesday last very thinly attended, although the audience were of a highly respectable class. Mrs. Arabin, as usual, gave great satisfaction. In the song, "Perhaps it's as well as it is," she was rapturously encored, and although labouring under a severe cold and hoarseness, she contrived to delight the audience with her good humour and spirit. The melo-drama of the "Maid of Genoa" went off exceedingly well; all parties seemed to be well up in their parts. Baker, as usual, was all fun, and Mrs. Arabin's action in the Dumb Girl was decidedly first-rate. The last piece we have also no room to find fault with. Our old favourite, Mr. Baker, takes his benefit on Tuesday next, when the pieces selected are "The Rover's Bride," in which Mrs. Arabin and Mrs. Miller will perform; also, songs by Williams, Baker, and Belfield; to conclude with, "The Weathercock." As Mr. Baker has been a long sojourner among us, and has drawn upon himself the respect of all classes, we have every reason to hope that (wind and weather permitting) he will have a bumper.

"MRS. ARABIN", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (23 June 1847), 2 

We regret to state that this talented Thespian has been labouring under severe indisposition for some time past, originating from a cold caught at the theatre. She has been, and is now, under the care of Dr. Stolworthy, at whose house she is sojourning; and we have great hopes, from that gentleman's medical skill and attention, we shall soon hear of her recovery.

"AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 July 1848), 2 

On last Wednesday evening Mrs. Arabin took a benefit at the Amateur Theatre, and we were glad to observe that the house was well filled. The pieces she had selected were "Othello," and the farce of "The Intrigue." The first was somewhat a bold experiment, considering that, except herself and Mr. Nesbitt, all who took a part in the performance were amateurs; it went off better than we expected, Mr. Nesbitt playing well as Othello, and Mrs. Arabin passably as Desdemona. A comic duet followed between Mrs. Arabin and Mr. Turner, which was encored; as was also a song by an amateur, "Let others rejoice in the merry moonlight." The farce of the " Intrigue" passed off remarkably well, each of the players entering fully into the spirit of it, and Mrs. Arabin performing very well . . .

"Death", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 May 1848), 3 

At West Maitland, on the 19th May, in the 67th year of his age, after a few days illness, Mr. John Henry Dieckman, native, of Osnaburgh, in Germany, many years a resident in England, and for the last 14 years of West Maitland, Hunter River, N.S.W., leaving a wife to deplore his loss, and all that knew him to regret him.

"Deaths", The Maitland Mercury (18 October 1848), 3

At her mother's residence, High-street, West Maitland, on the 16th Oct., after a lingering illness, Frances Arabin, the wife of Mr. G. F. F. Arabin, of Sydney, leaving a widowed mother and a large circle of friends to lament her loss; aged 40 years.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 September 1848), 3

Notice. I THE undersigned, do hereby give notice to all whom it may concern, that I will not be accountable for any DEBTS that may have been contracted by the deceased Frances Arabin, late wife of Gustavus Frederick Ferris Arabin, native of London, now residing in Sydney, New South Wales.
A. M DIECKMAN, West Maitland, Sept. 28, 1849.

"Maitland District Court . . . McCARTNEY V. DIECKMAN", The Maitland Mercury (19 September 1849), 2

This was an action for debt, the plaintiff being Michael McCartney, and the defendant Angel Maria Dieckman . . . Mr. Darvall, who was for the plaintiff, said, that this was an action for debt for a surgeon's attendance, and medicine, extending over a period of nearly four months, which defendant declined to pay . . . Mr. David Fletcher deposed that he knew the plaintiff and defendant; remembered Mrs. Arabin, defendant's daughter, being ill, and having a conversation with defendant, who told him she thought of taking her daughter to Singleton to place her under medical care; witness recommended her to keep her in Maitland, and place her under Dr. McCartney's care . . . Mrs. Arabin was ill, witness thought, about three months after the first conversation, and then died . . . Mr. Richard Stark deposed that Dr. McCartney was called in to attend Mrs. Arabin somewhere about the middle of 1848 . . .

"CIVIL SITTINGS. . . McCARTNEY V. DIECKMAN.", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1849), 2

. . . The action was brought by a medical man to recover compensation for attending the defendant's daughter, Mrs. Arabin, for many years connected with the stage in this colony. The attendance was admitted, and the defence was, that Mrs. Arabin was a married woman, and her husband was liable for the debt. The Judge left it for the Jury to say whether the defendant had herself engaged the plaintiff, if so she was liable; if she only acted as agent for her daughter, then her daughter's husband was liable. The Jury found a verdict for the plaintiff, damages £35.

"Married", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12 October 1850), 3 

At St. Mary's Church, West Maitland, on the 10th October, 1850, by special license, by the Rev. Mr. Chapman, Peter Cook, of Rutherford, to Angel Marian Dieckman (widow), native of King's Residence, city Hanover, Germany, but now of West Maitland, N. S. Wales.

"DEATH", The Courier (13 February 1857), 2

This day, at 12 o'clock, at the Union Hotel, corner of Liverpool and Campbell-streets, Gustavus ARABIN. His funeral will take place at 4 o'clock to-morrow, at which friends are respectfully requested to attend.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (9 April 1858), 602 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales . . . In the Goods of Angel Maria Cooke, late of High-street, West Maiiland, in the Colony of New South Wales, deceased . . .

ARMBRUSTER, Frederick (Johann Frederick Martin ARMBRUSTER; Frederick ARMBRUSTER; ARMBRÜSTER)

Amateur vocalist (founding member of Adelaide Liedertafel)

Born Hamburg, Germany, ? June 1826 / ? June 1824
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 November 1853 (per Hermann from Hamburg, 14 July)
Died Norwood, SA. 10 February 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


THE LATE MR. F. ARMBRUSTER", South Australian Register (11 February 1897), 5 

"DEATH OF MR. F. ARMBRUSTER", The Advertiser (11 February 1897), 6 

Great regret will be felt at the death, announced this morning, of Mr. F. Armbruster, one of the best known and most highly esteemed of the German citizens of Adelaide. His illness was a brief, one, but on Wednesday afternoon his life was despaired of. On Saturday last he was suddenly attacked inflamation of the lungs, and called in the services of Dr. Yon Lukowitz. The disease, however had gained too strong a hold on him, and he died between 11 o'clock and 11.30 on Wednesday night.

The late Mr. Armbruster was born in June, 1826, in Hamburg, Germany, and afterwards carried on business there for some years as a cigar-maker. In 1851 [recte 1853] be came to South Australia, but there was little scope then for him in the special line, and like many early colonists he sought other employment. When the goldfields of Victoria attracted attention he caught the "fever" prevalent, and went over land to the diggings in 1853. He was not there long, and was not numbered among the fortunate ones. He returned to Adelaide, and in 1855 took over the tobacconist business, established by the late Mr A. H. F. Bartels, an ex-mayor, of Adelaide. In 1857 he was joined by the late Mr H. C. Uhlmann; and about 15 years later he started cigar manufacturing, which he had conducted ever since. The deceased took no active part in public affairs, although on several occasions he was approached by his friends with requests to offer himself for election to Parliament or to the City Council, but he invariably declined, preferring to attend to business. He was in the commission of the peace.

Mr. Armbruster was one of the earliest and most prominent members of The Deutache Club, of which he was made an honorary life member, in recognition of his services. He was one of the founders of the Adelaide Liedertafel which was established in 1858 and mainly to his love of music and his enthusiasm for male singing this society owes its long and uninterrupted existence. It might be added that no other member has occupied the presidential chair so often as the deceased, and up till the time of his death he held the position of trustee of the society. He always took an active part in musical matters, especially in the earlier days, of the colony. He knew what suited the tastes of the people, theatrically, and otherwise, and his advice on such matters was always valued. After returning from a trip to Europe in 1887 he was instrumental in introducing the smoke socials which are now held in connection with the society. Mr. Armbruster was exceedingly popular among a large circle of friends, by whom his death will be severely felt. He was twice married, and leaves a widow, three sons, and two daughters - Mrs. Harry Bead and Mrs. Douglas Tolley.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (13 February 1897), 4 

ARMBRUSTER. - On the 10th February, at his residence, Freidrich's Ruh, Osmond-terrace, Norwood, J. F. M. Armbruster, J.P., in his 71st year.

THE LATE MR. F. ARMBRUSTER", Evening Journal (13 February 1897), 4 

The funeral of the late Mr. F. Armbruster took place at the Payneham Cemetery on Friday afternoon. At 4 o'clock the cortege, which was a lengthy one, left the residence of the deceased, Osmond-terrace, Norwood, and arrived at the cemetery a little more than half an hour later. The members of the Adelaide Liedertafel, of which Mr. Armbruster had been one of the founders, sang before leaving the house, "Es ist bestimmt in Gottes Rath," and under the leadership of Captain Bassé this was repeated at the grave, where the Liedertafel also rendered "Still ruht das Herz." Many beautiful wreaths were placed on the coffin, including one from the workpeople, and another from Messrs. Kronheimer and Co., Melbourne, and the colours of the Liedertafel and German Club were also conspicuous . . .



Active Sydney, NSW, 1852-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Her performance of Crouch's ballad Art thou in tears for St. Mary's Choral Society, accompanied by its director William Sigmont, in February 1852 was, according to the Empire, "Sung with great elegance and purity of taste by a young lady of very high promise".

She also appeared in Coleman Jacobs's farewell concert in October 1853, and later "particularly distinguished herself" in further concerts for Isaac Nathan at St. Mary's Choral Society.


"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

This Concert took place in the Hall of St. Mary's School House, Hyde Park, yesterday evening, and was numerously attended. Among the visitors, we noticed his Grace Archbishop Polding, the Right Rev. Dr. Davis, and Mr. Justice Therry. The programme of sacred music contained various selections from Handel and Haydn, together with Felix Mendelssohn's chorale "In Judah God is known." Mr. Sigmont, as the organist, acquitted himself, in each, and all of the pieces chosen, most creditably. "Achieved is the Glorious Work," from Haydn's Creation, was the most carefully harmonized of the performances. The "Hallelujah Chorus" was rendered with considerable spirit, and on the whole, with remarkable choral accuracy. The secular music was by far the most successful portion of the entertainment. The madrigal "Spring's Delights" was charmingly given and deservedly encored. The music is very delightful, full of freshness and the sweetest rural feeling. F. M. Crouch's ballad "Art thou in tears" was sung with great elegance and purity of taste by a young lady of very high promise - Miss Armfield. She will, we have no doubt take, before long, a very high place among our resident vocalists. Her powers are of no common order, and only require cultivation and judicious development. "Sweet peace descending," from Mozart's Idomeneo, and Bishop's well known glee "The Chough and Crow," were both sung in very vigorous style.

"MR. A. MOORE'S CONCERT", Empire (2 April 1852), 2 

. . . Miss Lillie Armfeldt made a virtual debut in Crouch's ballad, "Art thou in tears?" which we had, however, heard the lady sing at the last entertainment of the St. Mary's Choral Society, in a style of higher finish. She sang a serenade of Russell's, "I love the night," with uncommon breadth and richness, and was warmly encored in it. Her organ is very superior, and in several of her notes we know no resident vocalist equal to her. There seems as yet somewhat tremulous - a certain unsteadiness in her execution, which will of course be corrected by practice, and she lacks the qualities of a decided style. These are obviously the faults of a debutante, and we yet expect Miss Armfeldt to take one of the highest places as a vocal performer. The young lady's appearance is most interesting, and her costume was the very perfection of mise for the concert-room - black, with a collar of pale blue . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1852), 1 

AR. A. MOORE begs to inform the public that his next Concert will take place on Wednesday next, the 31st instant, at the School of Arts; on which occasion Miss Lilie Armfeldt will have the honour of making her debut, and Mrs. Dawson her second appearance.
PART FIRST . . . * 2. Ballad - "Art thou in tears" - Miss Armfeldt - Crouch . . .
PART SECOND . . . * 4. Song - "The Rich Man's Bride" - Miss Armfeldt - Unknown . . .
Pianiste - Mr. Sigmont.
Tickets, 2s. 6d. each, to b had of Marsh and Co., 490 1/2, George-street . . .
Songs marked with an Asterisk may be obtained at the above Music Ware-rooms.

"WEEKLY EVENING CONERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1852), 2 

The second of Mr. A. Moore's musical entertainments takes place this evening at the Theatre of the School of Arts. Miss Lilie Armfeldt, who has lately made a highly successful debut at the concerts of the St. Mary's Choral Society, will make her appearance . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1852), 1 

WEDNESDAY EVENING CONCERTS. MR. MOORE begs to inform the Public that his Entertainment takes place This Evening,
Wednesday, 7th April, at the School of Arts.
PROGRAMME. PART FIRST . . . 3. Song - "Art thou in tears" - Miss Armfeldt - Crouch . . .
7. Song - "I'm afloat," - Miss Armfeldt - Russell . . .
PART SECOND . . . 2. Song - "I love the night" - Miss Armfeldt - Russell . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1853), 2

ROYAL HOTEL. GRAND EVENING CONCERT. Under distinguished Patronage.
MR. COLEMAN JACOBS (Pianist to H.R.H. the Duchess of Gloucester) . . . his FAREWELL CONCERT, will take place
on TUESDAY (this Day), 25th October . . .
Programme. Conductor and Pianist, Mr. Stanley.
Part I . . . Ballad, Thou art gone from my gaze, Miss Armfield . . .
Part II . . . Ballad, Miss Armfield.. . .

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (19 November 1853), 2 

This Society, under the musical direction of I. Nathan, Esq., gave a Concert on Thursday evening, in the Hall of St. Mary's Seminary, a building better adapted for choral music than any other in the colony . . . Miss Armfield, a young lady of undoubted musical talent, having a well controlled, and powerful voice, sang "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Lindley [Linley] - and "Were my bosom as false as thou deem'st it to be" - Nathan - in excellent style. She also sang a duett with Miss Nagal [Nagel] - "What are the Wild Waves Saying" - S. Glover - with exquisite taste, and was loudly encored . . .

"SUMMARY FOR ENGLAND PER THE G. S. S. S. HARBINGER", Illustrated Sydney News (7 January 1854), 2

OUR last summary of news was despatched to England by the Great Britain, and we proceed briefly to notice, as our space renders necessary, the principal events that have occurred since the departure of that vessel . . . the citizens have been indebted for some very agreeable concerts to the St. Mary's Choral Society, at which a young lady, named Miss Armfield, particularly distinguished herself . . .

ARMITAGE, Edward Fitzgerald (Edward Fitzgerald ARMITAGE; Ned ARMITAGE)

Indigenous culture recorder

Born Dublin, Ireland, 9 June 1848; baptised St. Nicholas, Dublin, 18 June 1848, son of George Henry ARMITAGE (d. 1874) and Anne Agnes KEANE (d. 1853)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1852 (per Prince Arthur)
Died Maryborough, QLD, 21 November 1943, in his 96th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See main entries on Armitage's song transcriptions in chronicle: 


Baptizati, January 1848; St. Nicholas (RC), Dublin; Irish Church Records; DU-RC-BA-758816

18 / Edvardus filius Georgii Henrici Armitage et Annae Agnei Keane . . .

"DIED", The Argus (9 July 1853), 2 

On the 8th instant, Anne Agnes, wife of George Henry Armitage, of Dublin.

"FRASER ISLAND", The Brisbane Courier (19 March 1927), 13

. . . MR. E. ARMITAGE, a resident of Maryborough, now in his 80th year, and remarkably active was one of the first pioneers engaged in the log timber of the island . . . As a youth he came to what was then the northern district of New South Wales, now Queensland to make his fortune and if he has not made quite the fortune he expected his friends say of him that he has led one of the most active and useful lives that any man could wish to lead. His accuracy is wonderful. He does not make a statement that cannot be supported with year and day by diary or newspaper report . . . Mr. Armitage has a fund of knowledge of the blacks and few men living have the same wide knowledge of the laws, customs, and language of the native tribes . . .

"MR. NED ARMITAGE", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (26 February 1938), 3

. . . BORN in Dublin on June 9, 1847, Mr. Armitage came to Australia with his people as passengers in the old sailing ship Prince Arthur in 1852. They arrived in Melbourne in the boom days of the gold fields . . . about the first month in 1868 he found himself back on the Mary River . . .
A QUIET and uneventful two years passed - that is, uneventful for a man of Mr. Armitage's character - but an incident then occurred that led to his being admitted to the Wide Bay tribe of blacks, class "Bunda." There were only three other white men "bundas," Messrs. C. E. S. Booker, H. Aldridge and Sergeant Tommy King, of Dora Dora blacks fame. Three men, P. Tierney, W. Hennessy and himself, were camped on a spot a hundred yards from where Graham's Creek Railway Station now stands. There was a hunting party of blacks in the vicinity, and one evening five of them were noticed passing the camp with the evident intention of camping in the big bend in the creek where the working bullocks were kept. Fearing that the bullocks might be disturbed and wander away they decided to ask them to camp elsewhere. A fine specimen of a black known as "Long Peter" - six feet in height, thirteen stone in weight, of strong athletic build - acted as the spokesman for the blacks. Mr. Armitage said that he resented any interference with their right to camp where they liked in their own country. After a few words he called Mr. Armitage a vile name and was instantly punched on the jaw. However, he was armed with three nulla nullas and a desperate struggle resulted. Mr. Armitage said that he proved too good for him, taking his weapons off him. Another black slipped him another nulla nulla unknown to Mr. Armitage, and although he brought it down with considerable force on his back and ribs Mr. Armitage said that he eventually took it off him and, giving him a taste of his own medicine, dropped him like a pole-axed bullock. And it was this incident that was responsible for his being adopted as a member of the tribe. It was in the early part of 1868 that this memorable fight - in which Mr. Armitage thinks he was very lucky to come through without much damage - occurred. Mr. Armitage's father died at Mungar in 1874 . . .

"DEATH", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (22 November 1943), 2

ARMITAGE. - On November 21, 1943, at 101 North-Street, Maryborough, Edward Fitzgerald Armitage, husband of the late Bridget Armitage, of Kent-street, Maryborough in his 96th year.

"A PIONEER PASSES ON", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (24 November 1943), 2

MR. Edward Fitzgerald Armitage passed away on Sunday at the residence of his son, North-street, in his 96th year, after a long and somewhat adventurous life. Born in Dublin in 1848, he came with his parents to Australia in 1852. The family lived in Melbourne, and the two sons were educated at a Diocesan school in that city. When still a very young man Mr. Armitage came to Queensland, where he engaged in varied pursuits that attracted young men in those pioneering days. He went in for droving and timber getting . . .


"Corroborees of the Aborigines of Great Sandy Island, written and translated by Edward Armitage, of Maryborough, Queensland, 1923", in F. J. Watson, "Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland", supplement to the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (Queensland) 48/34 (1944), 96-97 

Aboriginal place-names and meanings [complied by] Edward Armitage (1 May 1923) 

Letter from Edward Armitage to the Attorney-General, QLD, requesting compensation for being discharged from his employment as a result of travelling to Brisbane to testify re the capture of McPherson alias "Wild Scotchman", dated 17 September 1866

ARNATI, Agostina (Agostina ARNATI; Mrs. John Messer SIMMONS; Mrs. Duncan LONGDEN)

See Agostina LONGDEN

ARNATI, Emilia (Emilia ARNATI; Mrs. Thomas WHITE; Madame ARNATI WHITE)


See Emilia WHITE

ARNDELL, Rowland Randolph (Rowland Randolph ARNDELL)

Pianist (pupil of Charles Packer), organist, composer

Born Maitland, NSW, 9 November 1857; son of Thomas and Harriet ARNDELL
Died ? QLD, 1920 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 August 1862), 1


"BATHING IN A PUBLIC PLACE", The Maitland Mercury (18 February 1871), 3

"MAITLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1874), 2

"LOCAL MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (12 August 1876), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1878), 5

"Amusements", Evening News (13 June 1878), 3

"A BROKEN HEART", The Maitland Mercury (12 June 1879), 5

"New Music", Newcastle Morning Herald (30 August 1879), 5

"THE CATHEDRAL", Freeman's Journal (16 June 1883), 14

"SOCIAL", The Brisbane Courier (10 November 1913), 9

Bibliography and resources:

"Roland Randolph Arndell (1857-1920)", WikiTree


Music publisher, bookseller, engraver

Born London, England, ? 1825; baptised St. Martin in the fields, 10 June 1825, son of William and Alice ARNOLD
Married Sarah PERRY, All Saints, Fulham, London, England, 19 October 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 2 June 1849 (per Spartan, from London)
Active, Melbourne, VIC, to 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields . . . in the year 1825; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 381 / [June] 10th / Edward / [son of] William John Delancey & Alice / Arnold / 49 Spring Garden / Coal Merchant . . .

1848, marriage solemnized at All Saints Church in the parish of Fulham . . .; London Metropolitan Archives 

Oct. 19 / Edward Arnold / full [age] Bachelor / Coal Merchant / Fulham / [father] William John Delancey Arnold / Coal Merchant
and Sarah Perry / full / Spinster / - / Fulham / [father] Richard Perry / Market Gardener . . .

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Argus (5 June 1849), 2

June 2 - Spartan, barque, 364 tons, T. B. Pain, master, from London via Adelaide. Passengers, Cabin - Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Misses E. C., and E. Perry, Messrs. D., W., and D. Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold . . . Dalgety, Gore and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (25 February 1850), 3 

GEORGE COOPER, BOOKSELLER, ELIZABETH STREET, ON RETIRING FROM BUSINESS begs to recommend to the public, MR. E. ARNOLD, who succeeds him, hoping that the same liberal patronage hitherto bestowed on himself may he extended to his successor. Melbourne, February 23, 1840.
EDWARD ARNOLD, On continuing MR. G. COOPER'S late business, begs to intimate that he is now landing ex "Cornhill,' an entire NEW STOCK, consisting of Books in every department of Literature, ae well as Fancy Stationery of all descriptions. To make room for the fresh arrivals, he will sell off his present stock at less than London prices. Melbourne, February 23, 1850.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1853), 8

. . . Orders for the Home News will be received by Mr. Edward Arnold, Bookseller, Melbourne . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 September 1859), 8

NEW SONG - THE LIGHT FROM THE MOUNTAIN, Music by S. Nelson. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 2s

AURORA AUSTRALIS, new polka, beautifully printed in colours. Published by Edward Arnold, 86 Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1859), 7 

SONGS, - The CAPTIVE GREEK GIRL, and new music, by overland mall. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

[News of the day], The Argus (21 November 1859), 4

We have received a new piece of dance music, entitled "The Aurora Australis Polka," by Mr. J. Sutherland, published by Mr. Ed. Arnold, Elizabeth-street. Without displaying very striking originality or very brilliant talent in the composer, it is decidedly pleasing music, an excellent polka for dancing to, and, as a Melbourne production, does credit both to composer and publisher.

[4 advertisements], The Argus (10 January 1860), 3 

DINORAH QUADRILLES Love Chase Polka, Satanella Quadrilles, Dinorah Polka, Dinorah Waltz. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

NO, WILLIE, WE'VE NOT MISSED YOU; Winsome Annie, Charley's Letter. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

SATANELLA WALTZ, and New Music, by overland mail. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street, Melbourne.

SANTA MARIA (Brinley Richards), from the new opera Dinorah. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1861), 8 

FOR SALE, old-established BOOKSELLER'S BUSINESS, with long lease of premises. Edward Arnold, 56 Elizabeth-street.

"THE SILKWORM MULBERRY. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (4 February 1861), 5

Sir, - In one of your contemporaries of this day's date I noticed a paragraph respecting the Monta multicaulis, or silkworm mulberry, in which it is stated that the said tree, or rather shrub, till lately was supposed to be unknown here. This, however, is erroneous; for when I first left London, per Spartan, in 1848, I brought with me a case of them, and in the following year gave several, in a thriving state (with other plants at that time really unknown here), to Mr. Dallachy, the then superintendent of the Botanical Gardens, and where they have since grown and multiplied.
Your obedient servant
54 Elizabeth-street, Melbourne, Feb. 2.

"EARLY MELBOURNE (BY OLD CHUM) No. 203", Truth [Perth, WA] (20 September 1913), 2 

The shop of Mr. Edward Arnold was at 56 Elizabeth-street, one door from the noreast corner of Collins-street. The house was built about the year 1845, and was demolished in December, 1910. I, made a special trip to Melbourne to have a look at the old premises, hearing they were about to be demolished, but arrived in time to see the last old brick carted off the ground . . . I entered the employment of Mr. Arnold towards the end of 1858. He was an artist by profession, a good draftsman, but as "professional" men were at a discount in the first fifties he became a bookseller and stationer. His wife was a daughter of Mr. William Perry [recte Richard Perry (c. 1798-1867)], the nursery man of Heidelberg, her brother being a partner in the firm of Symons and Perry, auctioneers. In the early years of his trade, Arnold did well and built himself a country house. "Gloverdale," Toorak. This, when the gold fever had died out, he sold to Mr. John William Bogg, of J. H. Clough and Co., wool brokers . . .

Musical publications:

Hark to the strains that triumphant are swelling: a patriotic song on the separation of Port Phillip from New South Wales; written by W. J. D. Arnold, respectfully dedicated to His Excellency Charles Joseph La Trobe, esq., Governor of Victoria; the music composed by Frank Hooper (Melbourne: E. Arnold, [1850]) (DIGITISED)

The light from the mountain, favorite ballad by an Australian Lady, the music by S. Nelson, as sung by Miss O. Hamilton [1859] (DIGITISED)

The Aurora Australis polka composed by J. Sutherland (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [1859]) (DIGITISED)


Violinist, band leader (The European Band, London Quadrille Band)

Born c. 1829; son of George ARNOLD
Active Sydney, NSW, 1859
Married Mary Ellen BYRNE (1840-1907), Sydney, NSW, 1860
Died Araluen, NSW, 21 February 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: London Quadrille Band (leader); George Sutch (musician); G. King (band leader); J. Taylor (band leader); William Abercrombie Sigmont (musician)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

NOTICE. - The European Saxhorn and Quadrille Bands, Nos. 16 and 27, Union-street, Sydney. Balls, Pic-nics, Excursions, Dinner Parties, Processions, &c., &c.. attended with brass or string bands. Leaders, Saxhorn Band, Mr. J. Taylor; Quadrille Band. Mr. G. Arnold. Country engagements promptly attended.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD). are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments 1st violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, horn, bass, side drum, &c. For the above band address G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16. Union-street. N.B. - Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, opposite Moffitt's, bookseller. Opening night, MONDAY next, December 5. London Quadrille Band-leader, Mr. G. King; master of the ceremonies, Mr. Henry Mott. Dancing at nine, terminates at half-post eleven.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1859), 1

LONDON QUADRILLE B AND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD), are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments - lst violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, harp, bass, side drum, &. For the above band address G. SUTCH musician, No 16, Union-street. N.B.- Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1859), 1 

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Pitt-street, opposite Moffitt's. BACHELOR'S BALL TO-NIGHT. Stewards: Mr. B. Attwood, Mr. C. Francis, Mr. S. Baker, Mr. A. Long, Mr. H. Davest, Mr. H. Whitton. Mr. George Beaver will on this occasion only officiates as master of the ceremonies. London Quadrille Band-Leader, Mr. George Arnold. Dancing at nine, terminate at one o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8 

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND, - Leader, G. ARNOLD. The above Band, consisting of the following instruments: 1st violin, 2nd ditto, 1st cornet, 2nd ditto, piccolo, harp, bass, side drum, &c. &c., can be engaged for balls, pic-nics, excursions, dinners, &c. The only address, G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16, Union-street. N.B. Clubs and small parties attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1861), 1 

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, late European. Violin, Harp, and Cornet, open to engagement. G. ARNOLD. Leader.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1862), 1 

MUSIC - The LONDON QUADRILLE BAND open to any Engagement on MONDAY EVENING, 27th. Violin. Cornet, and Harp. GEORGE ARNOLD, Leader, 150, Clarence-st., or Kangaroo Hotel. Apply early.

"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1863), 3 

MONDAY. BEFORE the Water Police Magistrate, with Mr. J. Williams and Mr. R. Ronald . . . George Arnold, 34, musician, and David Dutch, seaman, apprehended that he had stolen a number of carpenter's tools were discharged. The last-named prisoner was subsequently convicted of desertion from the ship Ironsides, and sentenced to four weeks' hard labour in gaol . . .

? "WATER POLICE COURT - MONDAY", Empire (16 June 1863), 2 

George Arnold, locked up last evening, as an idle and disorderly character, was ordered to find sureties for good behaviour during six months, or to be imprisoned during fourteen days.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (22 October 1864), 4 

MR. GEORGE ARNOLD, VIOLINIST. BALLS, Parties, &c., attended to on the shortest notice. Address G. A., care of Mr. C. Blackwin, Book of Cashel, Sloane-street, Goulburn.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (26 October 1864), 3 

Under the Patronage of His Honor Judge Wise. MR. SIGMONT will give a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, THIS EVENING (Wednesday), with the assistance of Mr. ARNOLD, late leader at the Prince of Wales Theatre, in Sydney, and Master WHITE on the concertina. Front seats, 2s. 6d.; back ditto, 1s. 6d. Tickets to be had of Mr. H. S. Clarke, Mr. Mr. W. Dignam, at the Mechanics' Institute, and at the City Book Mart. To commence at eight o'clock.

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 October 1864), 4 

On Wednesday evening Mr. Sigmont gave a concert in the hall of the mechanics' institute. He had hoped to have had the assistance of the members of the Philharmonic Society; but being disappointed he at first resolved to allow the concert to lapse. On re-consideration however he secured the assistance of Mr. Arnold, a violinist, and of Master White, son of Mr. F. White, who though stated to be only seven years of age performs on the concertina. The attendance was numerous; Mr. Justice Wise, under whose patronage the concert was held, and the clerk of arraigns being present. The want of more numerous performers was much felt, but Mr. Sigmont did his best to infuse variety into the evening's entertainment. The best pieces were some Hungarian waltzes, the peculiar nature of which was explained by Mr. Sigmont, and the overture and opening chorus of The Red Cross Banner, a piece of Mr. Sigmont's own composition which was performed at the York Festival and was much admired. Several of the songs and pieces were encored.

? "POLICE REPORT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (25 January 1865), 2 

. . . George Arnold, brought up for drunkenness, was discharged . . .

"DEATH IN THE ARALUEN LOCKUP", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (28 February 1866), 2 

A man named Arnold, a musician, who was lying in an outhouse on the premises of Mr. Christopher Jackson in a serious state of illness, was taken into custody by the police on Wednesday last and removed in a cart to the lock-up. Dr. Redhead was immediately called in to attend upon him, but the poor man had arrived at such a low stage as to be beyond relief, and notwithstanding all that could be done for him by the medical gentleman called in, he expired during Wednesday night. We understand that a magisterial inquiry was to have been held upon the body on Thursday or Friday, the result of which we have not heard, but there is no doubt that death resulted from that fatal cause, intemperance, under which so many in the colony hasten on, miserable and forsaken, to an untimely end. - Braidwood Dispatch.

ARNOLD, Thomas (Thomas ARNOLD)

Itinerant musician, barrel-organ player

Active Hobart, TAS, 1859 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE COURT. Unlawful Purpose", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (13 December 1859), 2

George Hull was charged by Constable Smith with being at an early hour this morning on the premises of Thomas Arnold, itinerant musician, Goulbourn-street for an unlawful purpose . . . Thomas Arnold, the prosecutor, a blind man who gains his living by playing an organ in the streets . . .

ARRA-MAIDA (Arra-maïda)

Indigenous singer and dancer, Bruny Island, TAS

Active VDL (TAS), c.1802 (shareable link to this entry)



As reported by Péron 1807 (Péron 1809); image plate 12 in atlas Péron 1811

See main entry in chronicle An exchange of songs at Bruny Island: 


Pianist, accompanist, composer, music publisher, musicseller

Born Dresden, Germany, 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1867 (from Germany)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, ? 1878
Died London, England, 28 May 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: James Charles Wilson Nicholson


Trading as Nicholson and Ascherberg (Melbourne) by November 1874; trading as Messrs. E. Ascherberg and Co. (London) by ? 1878


"THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY", The Argus (25 May 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 June 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (30 May 1871), 5

"THE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (27 February 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (30 March 1874), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1874), 7

[News], The Argus (15 September 1879), 5

"CABLE MESSAGES", The Brisbane Courier (17 March 1883), 5

[Bankruptcies], The London Gazette (29 May 1883), 2828

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (16 April 1885), 6

"MUECKE-CROSSLEY WEDDING", The Advertiser (16 May 1905), 6

"Re EUGENE ASCHERBERG, Deceased", The London Gazette (2 October 1908), 7157

"Eugene Ascherberg's Estate", The Music Trade Review (3 October 1908), 1

Musical works:

Two songs ("O calm thyself, my heart", and "Mother, oh sing me to rest") ("dedicated to Madame Escott") (Melbourne: Charles Troedel, [1867])


Until this heart shall break ("Wolle Keiner mich fragen"; composed by Eugene Ascherberg; German words by R. Prutz; English words by H. Puttmann (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [ca. 1879]) 

Musical publications include:

Dear old words (ballad; composed by Franz Abt; composed expressly for Nicholson & Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1876]) 

List! the birds are singing (song; by Franz Abt; Dedicated to Signora Antonietta Link . . . composed expressly for Nicholson Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [? 1879]) 

Giorza's Exhibition album (Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879] 

See also tagged items "Nicholson and Ascherberg": (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), , 213-15 (DIGITISED)

Kerry Murphy, "'Volk von Brüdern': the German-speaking Liedertafel in Melbourne", Nineteenth-century music review 2/2 (2005), 55-75 (PAYWALL)

ASHTON, Michael (Michael ASHTON)

Organist, pianist, founding member Melbourne Philharmonic Society

Born Toxteth, Liverpool, England, 25 November 1789; baptised St. James, Toxteth, 28 december 1789, son of John ASHTON and Sarah FROST
Married Hannah YATES (d. 1844), Manchester parish church, 7 November 1811
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? January 1853 (per Winchester)
Died Mornington, VIC, 19 July 1872, aged 82 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, 1789, St. James, Toxteth; Liverpool City Council 

1789 / Michael son of John Ashton (Flax Dresser) & Sarah his wife was born Twenty fifth Novemb'r baptised twenty eighth Decmb'r - James's Street

[Marriages] The Year 1811, page 266; Manchester Cathedral register 1811-12; Manchester Cathedral 

No. 1106 / Michael Ashton . . . timber merchant, and Hannah Yates . . . this seventh day of November [1811] . . .

1841 England census, Islington, Liverpool; UK National Archives, HO 107/558/3 

Michael Ashton / 53 / Iron Founder
Hannah [Ashton] / 54 . . .

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 August 1855), 4

The members of this society gave a musical soiree yesterday evening at the Mechanics' Institution, and were honored by a very large and respectable attendance . . . After several vocal performances had been listened to with the attention they merited the Rev. W. Jarrett, vice-president of the society, and president for the evening, read the following statement of the society's progress: -

"In October, 1853, the members of the choir of the Wesleyan Church, Collins-street, in conjunction with a few other lovers of choral music, requested Mr. John Russell to aid them in the formation of a musical society, and to become its conductor. That gentleman, whose extensive experience, taste, and indefatigable zeal in the diffusion of musical knowledge pre-eminently qualified him for such an office, having given his cordial assent to the proposal, the Melbourne Philharmonic Society was formed, Mr. James Paterson, the late much respected secretary to the Mechanics' Institute, kindly consenting to occupy a similar position with regard to the Philharmonic Society.

"The choir immediately commenced the study of Handel's 'Messiah,' (that being the only orchestral work of which a sufficient number of copies was then available,) the choruses being accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr. Ashton, the talented organist of the Wesleyan Church . . .


The Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave their first subscription concert for the year last night in the Exhibition Building . . . Beethoven's Grand Mass in C, formed the first part of the concert . . . The second part was composed of selections from the Last Judgment of Spohr . . . Mr. Russell, the conductor . . . The organ was presided over by Mr. Ashton and the band was led by Mr. E. King with great care and accuracy . . .

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 December 1878), 6

[History] . . . The first performance was given in the hall of the Mechanics Institution on Christmas Eve, 1853, the performance being a selection from Handel's "Messiah." Mr. Russell conducted, Mr. Ashton, organist of the Wesleyan Chapel, Collins street, was organist, playing on an instrument lent to the society for three months by Mr. J. T. Charlton . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 August 1872), 8s

ASHTON. - On the 19th July, at Mornington, Victoria, Mr. Michael Ashton, formerly of Liverpool, England, aged 84 years.

[News], The Argus (13 August 1872), 5

On Wednesday night the Melbourne Philharmonic Society will perform Handel's "Messiah" at the Town-hall. It is mentioned in the advertisement (we trust not by way of additional attraction) that out of respect to the memory of the late Mr. John Russell and the late Mr. Michael Ashton - first conductor and first organist of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society - the "Dead March in Saul" will be played.

Bibliography and resources:

W. A. Carne, A century of harmony: the official centenary history of the Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society (Melbourne: Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society, 1954), passim (DIGITISED) 


Professor of music, pupil of Thomas Attwood and John Baptist Cramer

Born ? Britain, 1799
Married John ATKINSON (d. 1839)
Arrived Swan River Colony, WA, 1829
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 30 January 1831 (per Eagle)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 October 1842, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Sarah Atkinson and her husband, formerly a junior officer in the 48th and 73rd regiments, and artist, John Atkinson, emigrated to Swan River Colony in 1829. They arrived in Hobart in January 1831. For their first year in the colony, she taught music and John drawing at Ellinthorpe Hall, Ross.

Back in Hobart in late 1831, she began teaching music privately, and was already running a small girls school of her own when, in January 1833, she relocated to Stanwell Hall. A year later she moved the school to Richmond.

John's recent insolvency was probably the cause of Sarah again seeking specifically musical employment in April 1836. She did so again after his death in 1839.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Carr Clark (of Ellinthorp Hall, Ross)


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (1 February 1831), 2

Jan. 30. - Arrived the schooner Eagle, 107 tons, Captain Sinclair, from Swan River 11th January, with wine and baggage. - Passengers, Mr. J. Adams, Mrs. Adams and family; Mr. Oliver Adams and servant; Mr. Atkinson, Mrs. Atkinson, family, and servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 October 1831), 3

INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC. MRS. ATKINSON begs leave respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Hobart-town and its vicinity, that as her late engagement at Ellenthorpe Hall (where during the last twelve months she has had the good fortune as a teacher to give every satisfaction) concludes at the ensuing Christmas vacation, she proposes at that time to commence giving instruction in Music, either at her own residence in town, or at that of the friends of such Pupils as may be entrusted to her care as well as to such young Ladies as may wish to avail themselves of her instruction during the vacations at school. Mrs. Atkinson will give due notice of her residence in a future advertisement.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 October 1832), 3

MRS. J. ATKINSON begs to announce to her friends and the public, that after the ensuing Christmas recess, she intends opening an Establishment for the education of Young Ladies in Hobart town, where they will be instructed in the English and French languages grammatically, history, geography, music, dancing, plain and fancy needle work; and writing and arithmetic by a master. Application can be made for the present to Mrs. Atkinson, at her residence in Brisbane street.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (30 November 1832), 1

MRS. J. ATKINSON will commence receiving those young Ladies intrusted to her charge on Monday the 15th January, 1833, and hopes by a strict attention to her duty, to merit the favour of those Parents and Guardians who may intrust her with Pupils. Mrs. Atkinson will give lessons in music at her residence from the 15th December 1832, to Jan. 13, 1833. N.B. - Drawing will be taught in the Establishment at 6 guineas, extra attendance out 10 guineas.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 December 1833), 3

TO PARENTS AND GUARDIANS. MRS. J. ATKINSON begs to inform the parents and guardians of the young ladies attending her present establishment, that in compliance with the wishes of several respectable families in the neighbourhood of Richmond, she proposes to remove her establishment to the house at present occupied by Mr. Wray, at Richmond, where she will receive an additional number of young ladies as boarders . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 January 1836), 8

In the matter of the Insolvency of John Atkinson . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 April 1836), 3

Professor of Music, begs most respectfully to offer her services to the inhabitants of Hobart town in that department (as well as in French). She was a pupil of Mr. Attwood, who presided at the organ of St. Paul's, London, and was finished by Mr. J. B. Cramer. Her terms may be known by reference to Dr. Ross or at her residence, No. 25, Collins street. She also begs to state, she had the honour to attend at Government House, where she gave every satisfaction.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 May 1836), 3

"DIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 December 1839), 3 

On the 19th instant, aged 41 years, Mr. John Atkinson, of Patrick-street, Hobart Town, late Lieutenant in H. M. 73rd and 78th regiments, leaving an amiable widow and five children to lament his loss.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 January 1840), 3

Private Tuition. MRS. ATKINSON, of No. 3, Patrick street, recently left, by the death of her Husband, to provide for herself and five children, will be happy to engage in the Private Tuition of French, Music, or any other branch of Female Education, either at her own house, or at the residences of her pupils. The most respectable references can be given. December 31, 1834.

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1185018; RGD35/1/1 no 1179 

1179 / 1st October / Sarah Atkinson / Forty three years / [Widow] Pulmonary consumption . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Margaret Glover, "Atkinson, John", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (82);dn=81114276306;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL)


Professor of music, pianist, organist singing class instructor

Born County Limerick, Ireland, c. 1832; son of Richard ATKINSON and Ann KENT
Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1863
Died South Brisbane, QLD, 14 May 1906 (shareable link to this entry)


"Local and General News", Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (19 June 1863), 3 

The "Guardian" states "that an effort is about being made to revive in Brisbane a Choral or Philharmonic Society, under the management of Mr. Paul Atkinson, professor of music" . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 June 1863), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

[News], The Courier (23 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 October 1864), 1

"Found Dead in Bed", The Telegraph (14 May 1906), 5 


Music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1854), 1

To THE LADIES. - Music copied on reasonable terms. Mr. ATTFIELD, 70, Hunter-street.

AUERBACH, Fraulein


Active Sydney, NSW, 1860 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1860), 1 

CITY CONCERT HALL. - FRAULIEN AUERBACH, great artiste, sings in French, German, and Swedish National Songs.

AULD, Isabella (Mrs. Patrick R. SCOTT)

Teacher of music

Born St. Petersburg, Russia, c. 1816
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 January 1840 (per Charlotte, from Leith, 18 August 1839, and Hobart, 11 January)
Married Patrick Rigg SCOTT (1817-1850), Sydney, NSW, 22 April 1841
Died Calcutta, Bengal, India, 19 December 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Hobart Town Shipping", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1840), 4

Dec. 28 - Arrived the barque Charlotte, 433 tons, A. Forrester master, from Leith the 18th of August, with a general cargo - Passengers, Miss A. M. Cunliffe . . . Miss J. Auld . . .

"PASSENGERS PER CHARLOTTE FROM LEITH", Colonial Times (14 January 1840), 3

By a mistake, the insertion of the subjoined corrected list of the passengers by the Charlotte, from Leith, was omitted in our last . . . Arrived at Hobart Town on the 28th ult., the barque Charlotte . . . Cabin passengers . . . Miss Isabella Auld . . .

"CHARLOTTE", The Sydney Monitor (17 January 1840), 3

YESTERDAY . . . CHARLOTTE . . . Miss Auld . . .

[Advertisement], The Colonist (22 January 1840), 3

FROM EUROPE. MISS J. AULD, Pupil to the most eminent Masters, will give instruction in the following branches of Music; both to Juvenile, and also to finishing Pupils, víz:- Piano-forte, Harp, Guitar, and Singing, either English, Scotch, or Italian, in the most perfect and fashionable style. Will be happy to shew satisfactory references if required. January 22.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 November 1840), 1 

MISS I. AULD, Pupil to the most eminent Masters . . . Terms may he known by applying at Miss Auld's residence, St. Julian Cottage, Kent-street North, opposite the Gas-works.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1841), 3

MARRIED. By special license, at St. Julian Cottage, Sydney, on Thursday, 22nd instant, by the Rev. Dr. Lang, Mr. P. R. Scott, eldest son of J. Scott, Esq., of Easter Dairy House, Edinburgh, to Isabella daughter of the late Thomas Auld, Esq., St. Petersburg.

AUSTIN, John Gardner (John Gardner AUSTEN; J. G. AUSTIN)

Lithographer and printer

Born London, 27 July 1812; baptised St. Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, 26 August 1812, son of Daniel AUSTIN and hannah HILL
Arrived Sydney, 12 June 1834 (per Bristol, from Gravesend, 7 February)
Married Annette SHAW (d. Kyneton, 1884), Sydney, NSW, 27 July 1837
Died Kyneton, VIC, December 1884, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

J. G. Austin, lithographic and copper plate printer, Sydney, c. 1834; State Library of Victoria

J. G. Austin, "lithographic and copper plate printer", Sydney, c. 1834; State Library of Victoria (DIGITISED)


Baptisms, St. Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney; London Metropolitan Archives 

August 1812 / 26th / John Gardner son of Daniel Austin of N. E. O. J. Gentleman and Hannah, born the 27th of July . . .

"Shipping Intellgence. ARRIVALS", The Australian (17 June 1834), 2 

From Gravesend, on Friday last, having left that place the 7th of February, the ship Bristol; Captain Riches, with merchandise. Passengers, Mr. James Wingate, Miss Wingate, Miss Susanah Fidler, Mr. Steel, Mrs. Elizabeth Mathewson, Mr. John Austin . . .

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 August 1834), 3 

In another column will be found the advertisement of a Mr. Austin, who has lately executed some excellent specimens of lithographic printing. The want of a person of this description was greatly felt some time ago.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 August 1834), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 August 1834), 1 

J. G. AUSTIN begs respectfully to offer his SERVICES in LITHOGRAPHY
to the Gentry and Public of Sydney, and flatters himself by punctuality and despatch to give satisfaction to those who may honour him with their commands.
Portraits and Landscapes, Plans of Estates, Law Forms, Circular Letters, Cards, Facsimiles, Bill heads, Drug Labels, &c. &c. &c., executed in the neatest manner.
Artists and Amateurs, desirous of practising the Art of Drawing on Stone, may have a Stone, properly prepared with every requisite Material, on the shortest notice.
I. G. A. takes the liberty of informing the Gentry and Public of Sydney, that he has just published the
the most amusing Invention of the Age, and particularly adapted to afford diversion to Families residing in the Country, now on Sale at Mr. INNES', Pitt-street, Mr. McGARVIE's, George-street, Mr. MOFFITT's, Pitt-street, and Mr. MACLEHOSE, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 November 1834), 1

J. G. AUSTIN, IN returning thanks to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney for the liberal support he has received since bis arrival in the Colony, begs respectfully to inform them, that in addition to the Lithographic, he has lately received from England a COPPER-PLATE PRINTING PRESS, by which means he is enabled to Print every description of Copper Plates, viz. -Maps, Views, Bills of Lading, Bills of Exchange, visiting and Invitation Cards, &c. &c. &c., on the shortest notice, and most reasonable terms. N.B. Orders left at 16, O'Connell-street; or, 15, Phillip-street, Sydney, will be punctually attended to.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Australian (7 November 1834), 2

We were shewn a Lithographic Sketch of the title page to a Native Melody, got up in his Journey to the Australian Alps, by Dr. J. Lhotsky; the execution is as good as could be expected in a rough draft and first attempt, and a little polishing will probably, present to the public a very fair specimen of Lithography . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1834), 3

ARRANGED With the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen,
FOR THE VOICE AND PIANO-FORTE, Most humbly inscribed as the first specimen of AUSTRALIAN MUSIC,
BY Dr. J. LHOTSKY, Colonist, New South Wales.
THIS SONG has been declared by the most competent judges as "very pretty;"
by others, even as a " sublime" production. Subscription list 2s. 6d. per copy, to be found at the Banks, &c.
The next sheet of the Australian Alps expedition is now in the press, and will be published in a few days.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2

We have received from Messrs. Austin and Co., a new musical production called the "Echo Song; the words by George Stewart, Esq., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs. Logan, of Hobart Town, by William Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society, Dublin." We have not had leisure to look into the merits of the publication - the name of William Wallace, however, is a sufficient recommendation to the musical folks of Sydney.

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

A piece of colonial music was ushered into existence yesterday. It is entitled, Echo's Song - the words by Mr. R. Stewart, and the music by Mr. W. Wallace; it is simple and pretty.

[Sydney news], The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

"Marriage", The Sydney Monitor (2 August 1837), 3 

By special license on the 27th instant [sic], by the Rev. John McGarvie, Mr. J. G. Austin, of George-street, to Miss Austin [sic] of O'Connell-street.

"INSOLVENT ESTATES", Australasian Chronicle (5 April 1842), 2

A special meeting of the creditors of John Gardner Austin will be held in the courthouse, Sydney, on the 19th of April, for proof of debts . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1849), 1

Town Hall, York Street, Sydney, 26th April, 1849.
TWENTY-FIVE POUNDS (£26) REWARD. WHEREAS, John Gardner Austin, late Collector of Rales for Phillip and Macquarie Wards, in the City of Sydney, has absconded, and a warrant has been issued against him for embezzlement, the above reward will be paid by the Right Worshipful the Mayor to any person or persons causing the said John Gardner Austin to be apprehended and lodged in any of Her Majesty's gaols.
By order of the Right Worshipful the Mayor, JOHN RAE, Town Clerk.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (12 September 1884), 6181 

. . . In the will of the deceased Annette Austin, late of Kyneton, in the Colony of Victoria, wife of John Gardner Austin, of the same place . . . that probate of the last will and testament of the said Annette Austin, who died on the 20th day of June, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four, may be granted to Fanny Dutton, of Kyneton, in the Colony of Victoria, widow, daughter of the deceased and sole executrix . . .

[Advertisement], The Kyneton Observer (9 December 1884), 3 

Funeral Notice. THE Friends of Mrs. Dutton are respectfully invited to follow the remains of her late father, Mr. J. G. Austin, to the place of interment, the Kyneton Cemetery. The funeral will leave her residence "The Willows," Mollison-street, This Day {Tuesday), the 9th instant, at Two o'clock. P. H. BROMLEY. Undertaker, Market-street.

Music prints:

A song of the women of the Menero Tribe arranged with the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen . . . by John Lhotsky (Sydney: I. G. Austin, Litho[graphe]r, n.d [1834]) (DIGITISED)

Echo's song, the words by Robert Stewart, esqr., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town, by Willm Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society Dublin (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin, No. 12 Bridge Street, n.d. [1837]) (DIGITISED)

See also:

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Neville et al., "John Gardner Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (1992; 2011)

"John Garnder Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 134-35

AVINS, Julia (Julia ?; Mrs. AVINS; Mrs. Henry Stacey AVINS)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born c. 1816
Married Henry Stacey AVINS (1813-1875), ? London
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), May 1840 (per China, from London)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 14 November 1892, aged 76, a colonist of 52 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Julia Avins, actor

Julia Avins, actor (DIGITISED)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (7 April 1841), 1 

THE ROYAL PAVILION SALOON WILL open on MONDAY EVENING, April 12, with a Vocal and Instrumental Concert. Programme. Part I.
Opening Chorus - "God save the Queen" - By the whole Company.
Overture - "A la Melbourne" - Monsieur Gautrot and Band.
Song - "Blue Violets" - Mrs. Avins . . .
. . . Part II . . .
Song - Madame Gautrot
Song - "Away to the Mountain's Brow," - Mrs. Avins.
Duet - "The Charity School Boy" - Mrs. Avins and Mr. Miller.
Overture - Band.
Finale - "Rule Britannia," by the whole strength or the Company . . .

MUSIC: Beautiful blue violets (Rodwell); Away to the mountain's brow (Lee)

Mrs. Avin's Benefit, Monday next 1st July [1844], last night of the season . . . Royal Victoria Theatre, Melbourne 

"DEATHS", Leader (14 August 1875), 15 

AVINS. - On the 12th August, at his residence, 48 Moor-street, Fitzroy, of paralysis, Henry Stacey Avins, an old and respected colonist of thirty-five years standing, in the sixty-second year of his age. Arrived here in the ship China. Friends please accept this intimation.

"Deaths", The Argus (22 November 1892), 1 

AVINS. - On the 14th inst, after a few days' illness, Julia, relict of the late Henry Stacey Avins, of 52 Moor-street, Fitzroy, and aunt of Mrs. Edouin Bryer, aged 76 years. A colonist of 52 years. Beloved and respected by all who knew her.

"An Actress of the Early Days. MRS. AVINS", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 December 1892), 31 

To playgoers, and all persons interested in the history of the Australian theatre, the picture which we give of that veteran Australian actress, the late Mrs. Avins, will doubtless be acceptable. Mrs. Avins. who died in Melbourne a few weeks ago at the age of 76, had a career on the Melbourne stage which actually began with that stage itself. She was in the cast of the first performance given in the first theatre ever opened in the Victorian capital. This was in 1841. The theatre stood on the site now occupied by the Bull and Mouth Hotel in Bourke-street. Subsequently Mrs. Avins played at the Queen's, and was one of the company which supported G. V. Brooke, when that distinguished tragedian made his first appearance in Australia. She afterwards played regularly with Brooke at the Olympic - more familiarly known as the "Iron Pot" - at the corner of Lonsdale and Stephens streets. At a later date she was one of the company at the Melbourne Royal. Mrs. Avins retired many years ago.

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