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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–E

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–E", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia): ; accessed 3 April 2020

- E -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in December 2019, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to 1860 close to completion.

EAGAN, John (John EAGAN)

Drummer (12th Regiment)

Died Paddington, Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1860, aged 21 (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after Chapman):

Eagan was born in Athlone Ireland in 1839 and enlisted as a boy in the 12th Regiment on the 10th February 1852 aged 13. He was a Drummer with the 1st Battalion when it arrived in Melbourne Australia in October and November 1854. Eagan was the first military casualty at the Eureka gold fields Ballarat where he was shot in the leg by a miner as a detachment of the 1st Battalion entered the gold fields on the evening of the 28th November 1854 after a forced march of two days from Melbourne. Promoted to Private shortly after the Eureka Rebellion he was re-appointed Drummer in July 1859. He died from a heart-related condition at Victoria Barracks Paddington in Sydney and was interned in the Roman Catholic burial grounds.

See also Band of the 12th Regiment

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Drummer boy John Egan (Regiment No. 3059) Eureka's first military casualty", Australia's red coat regiments

EAGLE, Edward (Edward EAGLE)

Drummer, New South Wales Corps (unclear whether he was ever in Australia)

Born c.1783 (14 at time of mutiny in 1797)
Active c.1797-1805 (shareable link to this entry)


"MUTINY ON BOARD THE LADY SHORE", Carlisle Journal [England] (5 January 1805), 4

In the four Spanish frigates which were lately taken, four Englishmen were found. The frigates were bound from South America to Cadiz. The account they gave of themselves was, that they had been prisoners of war in Buenos Ayres, in consequence of being on board the Lady Shore transport, bound for Botany Bay, in which a mutiny took place, and the Captain and Officers murdered, the mutineers carried the ship into Montevideo; and that they had been released by the order of the Government of Spain, and were to landed at Cadiz, and conveyed to England at the expence of that Government. This account was transmitted the Secretary of State's Office, with their names, viz. John Brown, Edward Eagle, Francis Ward, and Launcelot Knowles. An information being sent that they were arrived in the River, Sir R. Ford sent for them last Monday. They have since undergone several examinations, and the account they have given is follows: Edward Eagle said, was drummer in the New South Wales Corps; that he was on board the Lady Shore when the mutiny took place, that had no share in it; he was then only fourteen years of age . . . three remain in custody; one of them, that was a drummer, is to go for a soldier.

Bibliography and resources: 


Dancing master, farmer, racing horse owner

Born Cumbria, England, c. 1790
Married Ann WILSON (c.1788-1875), Barton, near Penrith, Cumbria, 30 April 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 June 1823 (per Thalia, from England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1840's+Plains+c1823-40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


On 30 April 1822, near Penrith, in Westmoreland (Cumbria), John Earl, dancing master, married the twice widowed, Mrs. Ann Wilson (born MOUNSEY; previously Mrs. Holmes). Three months later, on 10 August, he wrote from Patterdale, Ullswater, to London seeking consideration for a land grant in New South Wales, stating that he was raised on a farm, had a perfect understanding of the management of sheep, and capital of £500, and enclosed three references. His application was evidently successful, and he and his wife's five children arrived in Sydney on the Thalia in June 1823. On 5 July 1823 he was allocated 1500 acres, on Patrick's Plains, near what is now Singleton, and arrived there in the spring. Earl named his property "Glenridding" (after the Cumbrian lake village).

The 1828 Census listed John Earl, 38 years, innkeeper at Patrick Plains; Ann Earl, 40; and their daughter Dorothy Earl, aged 5 years; also four (? of Ann's) other children, surname Holmes, Mary Ann, 18, Agnes, 13, Elizabeth, 12 years, and James, 14.

In June 1830, he was in Sydney, attempting to let his farm, and advertising a return to his former profession as a dancing master. There is no record of his success or otherwise in Sydney, and he appears to have been back at Patrick's Plains for most of the 1830s.

Having seen his only daughter, Dorothea, married in May 1840, Earl sold up his property, and returned to England, leaving money for his wife, Ann, to follow him later. She, however, seems to have decided to remain in Australia with her children. She died near Maitland, on 14 July 1875, aged 86.

Nothing further has, as yet, been discovered about Earl's life after Australia.

With thanks for information, used above, originally posted online from the Family History Society of Singleton newsletter. 


[News], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle [England] (11 March 1815), 3

Mr. Earl held his ball at the Cross Keys Inn, Burton-in-Kendal, on Friday, the 3d inst., which was attended by most of the respectable families in the neighbourhood, who were pleased to express themselves in the highest terms, their approbation of the uniform regularity with which his pupils went through a variety of new and fashionable dances; at the same time great praise is due to Mr. E. for his attention to the morals of those pupils under his tuition.

[Advertisement], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle (6 July 1816), 2

HAVING been instructed by the first Teachers in London and Edinburgh, and having acquired a general knowledge of Dancing, presents his most respectful compliments to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Kendal and its Vicinity, and begs to announce his intention of opening a School at the Crown Inn, on Monday, July 8th, 1816, where every department of Dancing, adapted either to the English Ball-room or Stage, will be taught in the most fashionable style; it is proper to mention that the Waltzing taught by Mr. E. is in the French style, with all the grace and elegance which can possibly belong to that pleasing department of the science. TERMS - Short Quarter [illeg.] - Entrance and Ball [illeg.]
Those Ladies and Gentlemen who please to do him the honour of intrusting their children under his tuition, may rest assured of his unremitting attention towards their immediate improvement, and that no exertion of his shall be wanting to merit a continuance of their favours.
Young Ladies and Gentlemen who have not been taught Dancing, or who have not acquired the present improved and fashionable style, may be instructed in a manner calculated to qualify them with the greatest facility to join with graceful ease and confidence the most polite assemblies. Those Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of learning may be attended privately either at their own homes, or in the School room, where Country Dancing and Waltzing may be taught them.

[Advertisement], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle (27 June 1818), 3

MR. EARL begs leave most respectfully to announce to his Friends and the Public of Kendal and its Vicinity that he purposes re-opening his School, at the Crown Inn, on Monday, July 6th, 1818, where a variety of the most modern Dances will be introduced, as now used in the first circles, Quadrilles and Waltzing; French, Spanish and Italian Dances, &c.
Mr. EARL returns his sincere thanks for the favours already conferred upon him; and flatters himself, from his long experience in every department of that polite science, to merit a continuance of their support.
Ladies and Gentlemen, on application, may be privately instructed in all the necessary steps used in those fashionable dances, with their figures.

[News], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle (28 November 1818), 3

Mr. Earl's Ball took place in the new Assembly Room, Burton, on Friday the 11th inst. His pupils being all of the first families of that neighbourhood, the exhibition attracted a most brilliant and respectable attendance, and their elegant performance was received with those marks of applause which reflects the credit on that respectable teacher.

[News], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle (25 September 1819), 3

Mr. Earl's Ball took place at Broughton on Friday evening, the 17th inst. before a respectable company. His pupils went through many of the most fashionable dances in a manner that threw great credit upon that professional gentleman. The public will see by the Advertisement that he purposes opening his school in Kendal on Wednesday next.

[News], Westmorland Advertiser and Kendal Chronicle (1 July 1820), 5

Mr. Earl's Ball took place at Ravenglass, on Friday se'nnight, and was attended by a large and respectable company. The children went through a variety of new and fashionable dances, which reflect the greatest credit on the teacher; wad we are informed, that not the least doubt remains of his meeting with that encouragement he deserves, the next time he visits that place.

"MARRIAGES", Cumberland Pacquet and Ware's Whitehaven Advertiser [England] (6 May 1822), 3

At Barton, near Penrith, Monday last, Mr. Earl, dancing master, to Mrs. Ann Wilson, of Palterdale.

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 June 1823), 2 

Yesterday arrived the ship Thalia, Capt. Munro, from Hobart Town; after a boisterous and tedious passage of 18 days. She brings up the remnant of her cargo, as well as a quantity of wheat, we understand. Cabin Passengers: David Ramsay, Esq. Supercargo; Mr. James Sharp; Mr. Anthony Latreille; Mr. William Parker; Mr. John Earl, wife, and 5 children . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 June 1830), 3 

DANCING. MR. EARLE, from Hunter's River, most respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its Vicinity, that he intends opening a School on Monday the 14th of July, at Mr. SANDWELL'S Long Room, where a variety of the most fashionable DANCING will be introduced, comprising Quadrilles, Waltzes, Scotch, English, and Irish Dances. Mr. E. previous to his arrival in this Colony, was a Teacher in the Profession in the first circles of the north of England, for upwards of 8 years, and has been instructed by the first Teachers in London and Edinburgh. Those Parents and Guardians who may confer on him the honour of intrusting their children to his care, may rest assured that no exertion on his part will be wanting to merit a continuance of their favours. TERMS. Two guineas per quarter, One guinea in advance. Attendance, Tuesdays and Fridays, from 6 till 8 o'clock in the evening. Private Families attended upon as any best suit their convenience.

[NEws], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 June 1830), 2 

In to day's publication will be found an Advertisement from a professional of the name of Earle, who intends opening a respectable academy, in Sydney, for the purpose of giving instructions in the polite and fashionable accomplishment of dancing. From what we can learn, Mr. E. is no novice in his profession, and will no doubt assist to "Advance Australia."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 June 1830), 3 

DANCING. MR. EARL [sic], from Hunter's River . . . [rest as above]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (26 June 1830), 1 

A FARM TO BE LET OR SOLD. A FARM, being one of the finest on Hunter's River, to Let, comprising 1500 Acres, at Patrick's Plains, nearly the whole of which is fenced in with a ring fence . . . There are now 30 Acres of Wheat in the ground, which the Proprietor, Mr. John Earl, will have no objection to Let at a fair valuation with the Farm. For further particulars, apply to Mr. Boddenham, Estate and Land Agent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 June 1830), 1 

NOTICE. - It is the intention of the Proprietor, John Earl, Esq , as soon as the surveys are completed, of offering to the public all that splendid Estate of Glenridding, adjoining the rapidly rising town of Singleton, Patrick's Plains. This property will be divided into small allotments to suit purchasers, of which particulars and due notice will be given in a future advertisement.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (8 July 1840), 3 

"PATRICK'S PLAINS." J. H. ATKINSON, has received instructions from the Proprietor, John Earle [sic], Esq., of Glenridding, preparatory to leaving the Colony for England, to sell by Public Auction, on his Estate, three miles from the Town of Singleton, his Celebrated Racing Stud and Hacks, the whole of his choice Milch Cows, with their progeny; Bulls, Working Bullocks, Thrashing Machine, Farming Implements, &c. &c., on TUESDAY, the 21st day of July, being the day following the sale of live stock at Singleton . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 September 1840), 8 

FOUR HUNDRED POUNDS, To be lent upon Mortgage, for the space of two years and eight months, at the rate of 12 1/2 per cent. Apply to Mr. John Earl, 105 Pitt-street, or Mr. George Allen Solicitor, Elizabeth-street. September, 18th 1840.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1844), 1 

Richard Fawcett, plaintiff; and John Earl, defendant.
WHEREAS an action has been commenced in this Court, at the suit of the above-named Richard Fawcett, against the above named John Earl, to recover the sum of one hundred andi twenty-six pounds, ten shillings, and five-pence, for money paid by the above-named plaintiff for the use of the defendant, and at his request . . .

"SUPREME COURT (CIVIL SIDE) . . . Fawcett v. Earle", The Australian (5 November 1844), 3 

This was an action brought by the plaintiff on a writ of foreign attachment, to recover from the defendant who had gone to England, but who had property in the colony, the sum of £126 advanced by plaintiff to the wife of the defendant. It appeared that Mr. Earle on leaving the colony had left funds for the payment of £100 a year to his wife, Anne Earle, during her stay, and of the sum of £125 to defray the expense of her passage to England whenever she might wish to leave the colony . . .


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . will open for dramatic and operatic performances (on a scale superior to any yet attempted in the colonies) on MONDAY, August 28 . . .
ORCHESTRA. Messrs. Lavenu, John Gibbs, C. Riffel, G. Strong, J. Guerin, Davis, R. Vaughan, M. Vaughan, Wright, Wheeler, Turner, Seymour, McLauglin, Bing, Theobald, Earle, and Master Hudson.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 August 1854), 3

EARLE, Anthony (Anthony EARLE)


Born c. 1841
Died Melbourne, VIC, 29 April 1866, aged 25 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Argus (3 May 1866), 4

Dr. Youl held an inquest yesterday upon the body of Anthony Earle, aged twenty-five years, a musician, who was taken into the hospital on last Sunday night, and died soon afterwards . . .

EARLE, Augustus (Augustus EARLE; Mr. EARLE)

Artist, painter, member and manager of the Sydney Amateur Concerts, 1826-27

Born London, England, 1 June 1793; son of James EARLE and his wife Caroline (widow of William H. SMYTH)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 18 January 1825 (per Admiral Cockburn, from Tristan da Cunha)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by October 1825
Departed Sydney, NSW, October 1828 (per Rainbow, for India)
Died London, England, 10 December 1838 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5 

ON Wednesday Evening about four hundred persons of both sexes assembled at the public School Room in Castlereagh-street, to listen to the musical selections of our Amateur performers of our new monthly Concert. Among the company we noticed the Lieutenant Governor, the Sheriff, the Clerk of the Council, the Clerk of the Peace, Dr. Townson, a number of Magistrates, Advocates, Military Officers, Civil Officers, principal Merchants, &c. &c. &c. All this denotes in unequivocal language the growing importance of this admirable public recreation . . .

. . . The "Bill of the Play," exhibited the following . . .

Directors for the Evening.
Mr. Earle. Mr. J. Paul, jun.
Mr. Jos. Underwood. Mr. Hayes . . .

The decorations were greatly improved by the filling up of the three windows at the head of the room, with drawings by Mr. Earle, representing the statues, in niches, of Apollo, Minerva, and Melpomene-the figures were commanding, and well executed. Between the statues were respectively placed, the Arms of the United Kingdom, and of these Colonies. We much approve of these Heraldic ornaments, but we would recommend them to be placed to the right and left over the first windows - they did not appear to us so good a relief to the statues as the plain wall would have been . . .

As there are now about 150 subscribers, we recommend that after paying the necessary expences of the institution, the surplus be retained in hand to be increased by the amount of a Benefit for Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, and Earle, who have united their exertions and talents to please the public, gratis . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

The company assembled at the Concert-room, on Wednesday evening, was numerous and highly respectable - there could not, at the lowest computation, have been, fewer than two-hundred and fifty persons present - about one third of these, the ladies composed. Care had been taken since the preceding - concert to improve and preserve - as much of the sound as the deficiencies of the room, at least, in respect of its adaptation to the purposes of a concert-room would admit. To effect this desirable end, the eminent talents of Mr. Earle, were very happily employed. At the last concert it was found, that the niches of the three windows' behind the orchestra, as well as those at each side of the room absorbed a large portion of sound. It was therefore highly desirable and essential to remedy this defect. Mr. Earle hit upon a happy expedient, and by the aid of his talents and experience as an artist, fully succeeded. Those mischievious vacancies were condemned to be blocked up in a temporary manner. Those behind the orchestra, by the stately forms of the mythological patron and patronesses of poetry, music, and the liberal arts - those at one side, a sufficiency of blue gurrah, flushed even with the wall, and extending from the top to the bottom of each windowed nich [niche], it was thought, would assist retaining the "echo of sweet sounds" within proper limits.

From a quarter past seven, to some minutes before eight, the company continued successively, pouring in. A director stationed, at the head of the stairs, received each party's ticket of admission. another ushered them into the concert-room, a third led the ladies to the entrance of a dressing or retiring room - from whence, as they re-issued, a fourth, introduced each one to, her seat. The Lieutenant Governor honored the company with his presence - the courteous manners and generous feelings of this gentleman, reflect credit on his taste and liberality. The efficient assistance rendered to the concert thro' his agency, by several of the military musicians has contributed in no slight degree towards their progressing success.

Several Military and a number of Civil Officers, amongst whom were the. Sheriff, and Clerk of the' Council, were also present. The lights were disposed in much the same manner as on the former evening - three branches of Grecian lamps, pending from brass chains, in a right line along the centre of the ceiling, besides lesser lights, dispersed in other directions. The majestic form of Melpomene, as the muse of lyrical poetry, met the eye on first entering at the side door of the Concert-room. Her stately and perfectly designed figure, appeared to start from the canvas - she stood uprear'd on a pedestal; a wreath of laurel hung from between the fingers of her right hand - the other sustained a trumpet. This painting occupied the left windowed niche - it reached from about two feet below the ceiling to the floor of the orchestra. Melpomene is usually represented as the tragic muse; - as the patroness of lyric poetry. Horace has addressed to her one of his most admired odes- it appears in the third ode of the fourth book. The Royal Arms, with lion rampant, and the much doubted unicorn, divided Melpomene from Mr. President Apollo, whose classically designed person occupied the centre. In delineating the Royal Arms, the skilful Artist had dipped his pencil in the most vivid colours - the star and garter with the surmounting crown, and circling motto, appeared emblazoned with heraldic accuracy. - Apollo resting his lyre on the staff of AEsculapius, round which a healing serpent wound itself, stood next in classic dignity, on his pedestal of Parian marble. - A wreath of his own laurel encircled the head of this grand professor and inventor of medicine, music, poetry, and eloquence. The so much admired fascial angle in the contour and turn of the Belvedere Apollo's head, Mr. Earle imparted to his figure most happily. The real or assumed arms of Australia, appeared next; as if upborne by wisdom and the liberal arts - Apollo on the left side, Minerva on the right - A Kangaroo and Emu appeared to sustain the rising sun of Australia, which darting its rays eliptically up ward, whilst yet half sunk beneath the blue expanse of ocean, gave. a promise of future brilliancy.

Hope, reclining on her anchor, with a benignant smile, seemed, to rise on the sunbeams. She threw a halo of glowing rays around her enlivening figure, and recalled to the mind those beautiful lines in Campbell's pleasures of Hope;

"Eternal Hope! when yonder spheres sublime!
Periled their first notes, to sound the march of time,
Thy joyous youth began - but not to fade -
'When all the sister planets have decayed;
. When rapt in fire the realms of ether glow,
And Heaven's last thunder shakes the world below.
Thou, undismayed, shalt o'er the ruins smile,
And light, thy torch at nature's funeral pile!"

Beneath the rising sun was the following appropriate motto, "E parvis magna" (from small beginnings, great results proceed.) The blue-eyed virgin Minerva ranked next as the goddess of wisdom - her towering head sustained a helmet - one hand was armed with the spear - a shield, with the grisly head of the dying Medusa, protected the other. Those paintings, if the lights had been properly concentrated towards them would have had a just effect when viewed from any particular part of the room as it was, distance in place of improving, rather detracted from their appearance. Experience will, however, serve to correct this defect, and obtain for the Artist that share of admiration, to which his talents so justly entitle him.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 November 1826), 1 

The GENTLEMEN, composing the COMMITTEE of the SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT, beg to inform the Public, that a CONCERT will be held on Monday, the 4th Day of December next, at the Court-house, in Castlereagh-street.
Several Magistrates, and other Gentlemen of the Colony, having expressed their Wish to the Committee, that such should take Place, and having promised their Support on the Occasion, it is hoped, that the Public will give every Encouragement to promote and Attempt to relieve the above laudable Institution.
Tickets, 10s each. may be had, on Application to Messrs. JAMES FOSTER (at Mr. Norton's Office, Elizabeth-street), EARLE, EDWARDS, FOXALL, GEORGE PAUL, John PAUL, jun. RAPSEY, ROBERTSON, B. LEVEY, and SIPPE, George-street.
A full Account of the Performance will be inserted in next Week's papers.

[Advertisement], The Monitor (17 November 1826), 5 

. . . In Aid of the Funds of the Benevolent Society. THE Gentlemen composing the Committee of the Sydney Amateur Concert, beg to inform the Public that a Concert will be held on Monday, the 4th of December next, at the Court House, Castlereagh Street . . .
Tickets, 10s. each, may be had on application to Messrs. James Foster, (at Mr. Norton's Office, Elizabeth Street) Earle, Edwards, Foxall, George Paul, John Paul, Jun., Rapsey, Roberts, B. Levey, and Sippe, George Street.

EARLE, Horace (Horace EARLE)

Song recorder

Born London, England, 1831
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c.1851
Died Brisbane, QLD, 2 June 1919 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (3 June 1919), 9

A large circle of friends will learn with deep regret that Mr. Horace Earle died at his residence, Bowen-terrace, New Farm, yesterday, afternoon. The late Mr. Earle, who had been in failing health for some time, would have completed his 89th year in September next. He was born in London in 1831, and was educated at Highbury College. Thence he went to Singapore as a master. Later he was attracted to the Victorian gold-fields, and was in Ballarat at the time of the Eureka stockade. From Victoria he went to India, and was employed by the East India Company for some years. Although in India at the time of the Indian Mutiny in 1S57 he was not in the affected parts. Mr. Earle was of a roving nature, and after visiting England for a brief period he came to Australia in the 60's. He decided to settle in Brisbane, and was employed as accountant by Ward Bros. After they sold out to Alfred Shaw and Sons he became accountant to the latter firm. The deceased was of a literary bent, and was ultimately connected with journalism in Brisbane. He contributed the first and other serial stories published in "The Week," and for many years controlled the "Queensland Mercantile Gazette." "Ups and Downs of Australian Life" and several books of travel and other publications also came from his pen. The late Mr. Earle was one of the founders of the Johnsonian Club, and after severing his connection with the "Gazette" practically the whole of his time was spent in the work of the club, by whose members he was familiarly known as "Daddy." The deceased was twice married, and leaves a widow, a son, and a daughter. The son, Mr. Arthur Earle, is connected with the Moreton Bay Oyster Co. The late Mr. Earle was predeceased by his elder son Reginald, who left one daughter, at present in London. The funeral will leave the deceased's late residence to-morrow, at 10 a.m., for the Toowong cemetery.


"The bushman's song", in Horace Earle, Ups and downs; or, incidents of Australian life (London: A. W. Bennett, [1861]), 286-87

In towns, to the desks people's noses are tied . . .
CHORUS: Then hey! For the forest, the green wood around, And kangaroo, 'possum and cattle . . .

Bibliography and resources:

EASDOWN, Louisa Maria (Louisa Maria EASDOWN; Maria EASDOWN; Mrs. Albert E. B. CASEY)

Soprano vocalist, pianist (pupil of James Schott)

Born Higham, Kent, England, 9 March 1845
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1860 (per Merlin)
Married Albert E. B. CASEY, Sandhurst, VIC, 21 April 1870
Died Toorak, VIC, 21 October 1912 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

EASDOWN, Percy Laura (Percy Laura EASDOWN; Miss Percy EASDOWN)

Contralto/mezzo soprano vocalist (pupil of James Schott)

Born Higham, Kent, England, 3 January 1847; baptised St. Mary, Higham, 31 January 1847, daughter of William EASDOWN (1811-1874) and Ann BARNES (1819-1870)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1861 (per Atalanta) Died VIC, 1878, aged 30, (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Argus (1 February 1867), 4

The Collingwood Literary and Choral Society enabled the inmates of the Yarra Bend Asylum to spend a most agreeable evening on Wednesday last, when the recreation-hall was filled with a large audience. The programme consisted of songs, duets, readings, &c.; and there can be no doubt that varied amusements of this kind have a most beneficial effect upon the mental and moral health of the insane. Miss Easdown presided at the piano, and her song "Jessie's Dream; Miss Hayward's recitation, "Build no Castles in the Air;" and the duet, "Music and her Sister Song," by Miss Barstow and Mrs. McNaught, deserve special mention. Miss P. Easdown's "Excelsior" was beautifully rendered, and "Paddle your own Canoe," by Miss Barstow, was greeted with well-merited applause. This is not the first occasion on which this promising society has visited the asylum for the purpose of assisting in putting into practice the views of the medical superintendent with regard to the treatment of lunatics.

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (6 December 1867), 3

Principal Soprano, Miss Easdown, pupil of J. Schott, Esq., R.A.M. . . .

"CONCERT AT ST. GEORGE'S HALL", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

Miss Easdown and Miss Percy Easdown, two pupils of Herr Schott, were the other lady singers, and the latter will assuredly become a great favourite. Good contraltos are rare, and Miss Percy bids fair to establish her reputation in that character. The elder sister has a pretty soprano voice, and will always be a welcome addition to our too meagre list of lady vocalists.

"MADAME BISHOP'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (13 April 1869), 5

. . . Miss Easdown sang, with Madame Bishop, the duet, "Deh con te," from "Norma," far more than creditably. It was an excellent performance, but the voice was hardly powerful enough to produce an equal balance of tone between herself and Madame Bishop . . .

"CONCERTS AT THE TOWN HALL", The Mercury (22 November 1869), 2

The first of the short series of concerts announced to be given at the Town Hall by the company under the management of Mr. J. Rainer will take place this evening . . . His company comprises Miss Percy Easdown, a special favourite as a vocalist on the "other side," Mr. Barry O'Neil . . . and Mr. Charles Lascelles, who will be remembered as having accompanied Madame Anna Bishop on her last visit to Tasmania . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (25 April 1870), 4

CASEY - EASDOWN. - On the 21st April, at the Presbyterian Manse, Sandhurst, by the Rev. J. Nish, Albert E. B. Casey, of Sandhurst, to Louisa Maria Easdown, of Collingwood.

"THE SIMONSEN CONCERTS", South Australian Register (27 June 1871), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1872), 8

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (16 May 1893), 5 

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 October 1912), 11 

Bibliography and resources:

Family history


Music Master

Active Melbourne, VIC, July 1849 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 July 1849), 3

Tradesmen's Ball. MR. BLAKE has pleasure to inform his friends and the Public generally, that he intends giving a BALL on MONDAY EVENING next, at the St. Patrick's Hall. Refreshments will be provided, and a full Band in attendance. Dancing to commence at eight o'clock. Tickets to admit a lady and gentleman, 5s. each to be obtained from MR. EASEMAN, music master, Bourke-street, and of MR. BLAKE, Western Port Hotel, Queen-street.

EAST, James (James EAST)

Clarionet player, teetotal band (shareable link to this entry)


Ophicleide player, teetotal band

Active Australia, 1850


"EMIGRATION", South Australian Register (5 July 1850), 4

The following letter, addressed to Joseph East, Islip, Oxfordshire, has been received from an emigrant to Australia: -

"My dear Father, and Sister, and Brother . . . I am still a teetotaller (for thirteen years); we have built a hall eighty feet long, which cost us £600, have weekly meetings, and a band of music which cost £200, of which I am trustee, as also a trustee in the building. We are also starting a Rechabite Hall. I play the ophicleide, James the clarionet . . .

EASTON, Hosea (Hosea EASTON)

Minstrel, banjo player

Arrived Hobart, TAS, 30 July 1877 (per Albion, from New Zealand)
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 June 1899 (shareable link to this entry)

Hosea Easton, African-American minstrel and actor, Melbourne, c. 1880 (T. Noble & Co.); National Library of Australia


"ARRIVED", The Mercury (20 July 1877), 2

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (2 August 1877), 2

"MR. HOSEA EASTON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1899), 8

A banjo, guitar, and mandolin concert will be given at Quong Tart's Elite Hall to-night as a benefit to that brilliant banjoist, Mr. Hosea Easton, who has recently been ill. Mr. Harry Rickards and the American Banjo Club, headed by Mi. W. J. Stent, will appear, as well as Misses Nita Clarke, Cleary, Kathleen Pardon, Sara Burrell (juggler), Messrs. Ernest Hoskins, Howard Chambers, George Hellings, Tod Callaway, H. Whitehead, and Hosea Easton.

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. HOSEA EASTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1899), 6

The funeral of the late Mr. Hosea Easton took place at the Waverley Cemetery yesterday. The deceased who was well known as a member of the Hicks Minstrel Company, which visited Sydney some years ago, was said to have been the original coloured Uncle Tom in "Uncle Tom's Cabin" in Australia. As a banjo soloist Mr. Easton's fame was worldwide . . . the hearse being preceded by McAdoo's minstrel band, who played a number of funeral marches en route to the cemetery. Mr. Harry Rickards was present, as were also the members of the Tivoli Theatre, the McAdoo Minstrel Troupe, Mr. J. C. Leete, Mr. Harry Skinner, Mr. R. H. Douglass, and a number of others connected with the theatrical profession . . .

"HOSEA EASTON'S FUNERAL", Evening News (26 June 1899), 5

"GOLDEN DAYS, Theatrical Memories (BY H.E.W.)", Albany Advertiser (31 October 1946), 11


Member of Charles B. Hicks's Georgia Minstrels; teacher of Bessie Campbell


Vocalist, hairdresser

Born London
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1846 (per Carisford [?])
Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1851
Married Wilhelmina BASSMANN, Surry Hills, NSW, 19 July 1858
Died Corowa, NSW, 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

EASTWICK, Wilhelmina (Wilmena BASMANN; Wilhelmina BASSMANN; BASMANN; Mrs. Henry EASTWICK)

Teacher of Music

Born London, England, 18 March 1834; baptised, St. James, Piccadilly, 13 April 1834, daughter of Frederick BASMANN (1806-1850) and Elizabeth GABALL
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Married Henry EASTWICK, Surry Hills, NSW, 19 July 1858
Died Orange, NSW, January 1917, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

EASTWICK, Charlotte (1859-1946; Mrs. William Hands MASSEY)

EASTWICK, Alice (b. 1861; d. Sale, VIC, 1909)

EASTWICK, Caroline (1863-1877)

EASTWICK, Henry (1863-1938)

Juvenile vocalists


England census, 1840, Middlesex, St. James, Golden Square; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 735 /7 

F. Bassmann / 35 / Tailor / [born Middlesex]
Elizabeth [Bassmann] / 25 / [born Middlesex]
Wilhelmina [Bassmann] / 6 / [born Middlesex]
Frederick [Bassmann] / 2 / [born Middlesex]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1855), 1

CONCERT - TO-NIGHT - at the School of Arts.
The public are respectfully informed that Miss BASSMANN and Mrs. FAIRBURN'S CONCERT takes place THIS EVENING, when they will be assisted by the following talented artistes: the celebrated tenor, Mr. Fairchild; Mr. Stewart; and Miss A. Hart, her first appearance as vocalist.
Ballad - Lurline (by desire) - Miss Bassmann
Song - "What will they say in England" - Mr. Stewart
Ballad - My own, my lovely bride - Mrs. Fairburn
Duet - The Gipsy Countess - Miss Bassmann and Mr. Stewart
Ballad - Madoline - Mr. Fairchild
Song - The Old House at Home - Miss A. Hart
Solo Piano - "La Parisienne" (by Hertz) - Miss Bassmann.
Song - Cheer! Boys, Cheer! - Mr. Stewart
Duet - What are the wild waves saying - Miss Bassmann, Mr. Fairchild
Song - I'm thinking now of thee, Jamie - Mrs. Fairburn
Aria - Tyrolienne (first time in Sydney) - Miss Bassmann
Recit. and air - "Death of Nelson" - Mr. Fairchild
Scottish Song - Mrs. Fairburn
Aria -"Oh! for an eagle's pinions" (Lucia di Lammermoor) - Miss Bassmann
Ballad - Miss A. Hart
Duet - A. B. C. - Miss Bassmann and Mr. Stewart.
Doors open at a quarter to 8 o'clock, to commence at 8. Admission, 2s. 6d.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1855), 1 

SCHOOL OF ARTS. - Miss BASMANN and Mrs. FAIRBURN beg most respectfully to inform their friends and the public that their second CONCERT will take place at the above institution, on WEDNESDAY evening next, 18th July. They will be assisted by the celebrated tenor, Mr. J. Fairchild; Mr. Stewart; and the renowned comic singer, Mr. Frederick Sams; and Miss A. Hart, her second appearance as vocalist.
Duet, Piano - Overture (Barnett)
Cavatina - I'm a merry Zíngara - Miss Basmann
Song - The Flag of the Free - Mr. Stewart
Scotch Song - The Highland Laddie - Mrs. Fairburn
Irish Ballad - Savourneen Deelish - Mr. Fairchild
Ballad - Will you love me then as now - Miss A. Hart
Solo, Piano - Bunce's Address (Panorma) [Panormo] - Miss Basmann
Song - Not married yet - Miss A. Hart
Comic Song (in character) - The wretched little man - Mr. F. Sams
Tyrolienne - I meet her on yon mountain way - Miss Basmann
Song - The Bloodhound - Mr. Fairchild
Comic Duet - Mr. and Mrs. Smith - Miss Basmann, Mr. Stewart
Piano Solo - Vive tu (Dohler) - Miss Basmann
Ballad (by desire) - I'm thinking now of thee, Jamie - Mrs. Fairburn
Descriptive Song - The Soldier's Wife - Mr. Stewart
Aria (by particular desire) Oh! for an Eagle's pinions - Lucia di Lammermoer - Miss Basmann
Comic Song (in character) - The Irishman - Mr. F. Sams
Irish Song - Kate Kearney - Miss A. Hart
Aria - The Soldier tired - Miss Basmann
Irish Ballad - Molly Bawn - Mr. Fairchild
Comic Duet (by particular desire) A.B.C. - Miss Basmann, Mr. Stewart.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8 precisely. Admission, 2s. 6d. each.

"THE ROYAL VICTORIA", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (29 September 1855), 2 

Several concert, have taken place at this establishment in the course of the week, the principal attractions being Mr. Fairchild's vocal and Miss Bassmann's pianoforte performances. At present we have not space to state further than that the lovers of melody will be well repaid for the trouble and expense of a visit.

[Advertisement], Empire (19 March 1857), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1857), 1 

GRAND CONCERT for the MILLION. - The New Australian Evans' Saloon (late Toogood's) open EVERY EVENING, with a powerful combination of talent. The programme THIS EVENING will consist of Scenas, Cavatinas, Trios, Glees, Madrigals, &c., &c., from all the popular operas, executed by Madle. Bassmann, Madle. Laurent, Mr. Templeton, Mr. Lameroux, Mr. Cobham, Mr. Abbot, Mr. Turner, and several amateurs, who have volunteered their kind services in the course of the evening. Mr. J. Davis will perform several solos on the violin. Accompanist and Musical Conductor, Mr. Cobham. Doors open at 7; admission, free.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1857), 1

THIS EVENING. EVANS' SALOON - Miss Bassmann, soprano, and Mr. Webster, comic singer, will delight the auditory. Admission free.

[Advertisement], Empire (11 January 1858), 1

PARRAMATTA. - Two choice Musical Entertainments will take plane at the Red Cow Hotel, TOMORROW EVENING (Tuesday) and on WEDNESDAY, supported by Miss BASSMANN, Messrs. WEBSTER, TEMPLETON, and CAMPBELL. Admission, 2s. and 3s.

[Advertisement], Empire (15 January 1858), 1

PARRAMATTA - Miss BASSMANN, Messrs. WEBSTER, CAMPBELL, and TEMPLETON, will repeat their Vocal and Musical Entertainment at the Red Cow Hotel, on SATURDAY, MONDAY, and TUESDAY EVENINGS next. Admission, 2s. and 3s.

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1858), 1

PARRAMATTA - St. Patrick's Day in the Evening (WEDNESDAY). PADDY DOYLE, Mr. A. CAMPBELL, and Miss BASSMANN will give their Vocal Entertainment at the Red Cow Hotel. Admission, 2s.; Reserved Seats, 3s. "Erin go Bragh."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1858), 1

PARRAMATTA. - PADDY DOYLE, Mr. A. CAMPBELL, and Miss BASSMANN will repeat their Vocal Entertainment, at the Red Cow Hotel. THIS EVENING (Tuesday), and TO-MORROW (Wednesday). Front seats, 2s.; back seats, 1s.

"MARRIAGES", Empire (20 July 1858), 4

On Monday, the 19th instant, by the Rev. Dr. Lang, Mr. Henry Eastwick, Vocalist, of Crown-street, Surry Hills, to Wilhelmina Bassmann, Teacher of Music, a native of London.

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (9 May 1861), 2

In the estate ot Henry Eastwick, a single meeting. The insolvent attended and was allowed his furniture and wearing apparel, on condition that he pay the public fees. The meeting then terminated.

"ESTATES SURRENDERED . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1861), 5

"WAGGA WAGGA BAND CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (11 May 1870), 2

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (18 June 1870), 3

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

. . . Still further to diffuse knowledge of the "divine art" Mrs. Eastwick, it is said, purposes teaching a pianoforte class upon terms so easy as to be within the reach of all . . . The Eastwick Family, I hear, are about to give another juvenile musical entertainment. It has been some time in preparation, will be unusually good, and ought to be attended by every child in the town over six years of age.

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (13 April 1872), 3

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (2 September 1874), 2

Gaol entrance book, Albury, 1881; State Archives of NSW 

[1881] Febr. 11th / Henry Eastwick / 5 [Feb.] / Corowa / Unsound Mind / [Disposed of] 18th Feb.

"PERSONAL", The Forbes Advocate (9 January 1917), 2 

Mrs. Eastwick, a very old resident of Orange, died last week, aged 83 years. In her younger day she was the leading pianist of the district.

EBURN (Mr., ? I. or J. EBURN, ? Isaac EBURN; ? John EBURNE)

Musical performer, vocalist

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), November 1839 - June 1840
? Died (Isaac EBURN), Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 19 April 1842 (shareable link to this entry)


[Ship news], The Colonist (13 November 1839), 2 

Passengers by the Britannia, for Port Phillip, this day, cabin - Dr. Clark, Messrs. Whitehead, Sutherland, and W. Presscott. Steerage - J. Eburn, G. Simpson, E. Millidge and wife . . .

"CONCERT", Port Philip Gazette (10 June 1840), 3 

A vocal concert was given on the evening of Monday last, in Mr. Barrett's large room, Little Collins-street. The performers on this occasion were Messrs. Mills and Eburn, assisted by an amateur. The songs in general were given with good effect, the attendance was numerous and respectable, and the whole affair went off with considerable eclat. We must not omit to notice the handsome manner in which the room was fitted up, displaying in its arrangements the utmost attention to the comfort and convenience of the audience.

"Vocal Concert", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (11 June 1840), 3 

A concert was given on Monday evening last, by Messrs. Mills and Eburn, assisted by an amateur. The songs and duets were -most ably performed, and the attendance was numerous. We are glad to observe these indications of the increase of musical votaries in Melbourne. We learn also that another concert is shortly to be given for the benefit of the widow and family of the late Mr. Watt, and we trust that Melbourne will lend all her musical talent to give eclat to the occasion.


Master of the Band of the 80th Regiment, captain and music instructor of Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles band

Born ? England, ?, son of Samuel amd Eveline EDGERTON
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1836 (per Mangles, from UK)
Died Windsor, NSW, 16 August 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also:

Band of the 80th Regiment


? "MARRIED", Liverpool Mercury [England] (16 January 1835), 3

Mr. J. Edgerton [sic], band-master of the 80th Regiment, to Mrs. White, of Naas, near Dublin.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1839), 3

MONSIEUR AND MADAME GAUTROT Have the honor to announce to the Inhabitants of Windsor and its Vicinity, that their CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, WILL take place at the COURT-HOUSE, WINDSOR, on SATURDAY EVENING NEXT, October 5, at Half-past Seven o'Clock precisely. They will be assisted by Mr. and Mrs. BUSHELLE; Mr. EDGERTON; Mr. W. STANLEY, Pianist; and (by the kind permission of COLONEL BAKER,) the Band of the 80th Regiment . . .

Luigi Cherubini (trans. J. A. Hamilton), A course of counterpoint and fugue, Volume 1 (2nd edn.; London: R. Cocks, 1841), xi

[in list of subscribers] . . . Egerton, Mr. Samuel, Bandmaster, 80th Regiment . . .

"THE BAND OF THE 80TH REGIMENT", The Sydney Herald (23 June 1842), 3

. . . Mr. Audjatant [sic] is the band-master.

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (30 August 1842), 2

. . . The Rev. Mr. Farrelly said, at the conclusion of the meeting, it was the intention of that Society to have a band of music of their own, to consist of eighteen or twenty persons; the instruments would he found for them, which would cost twenty pounds. He called upon those who wished to belong to it to come forward; they would be instructed by the band master of the 80th Regiment . . .

"MASONIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1842), 2

Yesterday being the festival of St. John, the brethren of Lodge 260 assembled at high twelve, in the Royal Hotel. In the evening, a number of the brethren dined in open lodge, Brother Williams in the chair. Their toasts were responded to by the band of the 80th regiment, under Band-master Edgerton, the band having been kindly allowed to attend, by Colonel Baker, for the occasion. Lodges Nos. 266 and 548 assembled at Brother Entwisle's, at noon, and dined there in the evening, Brother Leworthy being in the chair, and a private band in attendance . . .

"MILITARY DIVERSIONS", The Australian (20 June 1844), 3

The privates of the 80th regiment kept up yesterday the diversions of the previous day, by chairing the other officers of the regiment round the barrack square proceeded by the band, to the tune of the "British Grenadiers," except the Colonel, who escaped from them. Mr. Edgerton, the bandmaster, was afterwards honored with a similar mark of respect, and after him, others of the non-commissioned officers, whose conduct had gained for them the good wishes of the men . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1847), 1 

S. EDGERTON, late Master of the Band of Her Majesty's 80th Regiment, begs to inform the public that he has made arrangements for remaining in Sydney, for the purpose of following his profession as teacher of the pianoforte, flute, violin, clarionet, &c., &c. Parties having the charge of schools will find his terms liberal. Particulars may be known by applying at his residence, Kent-street, near King-street, or at Mr. Ellard's, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1847), 1 

[AS ABOVE EXCEPT] . . . at his residence, Hutchinson's Buildings, Pitt-street South . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1850), 3 supplement 

MR. S. EDGERTON, Professor of Music, being now perfectly restored to health, will be happy to devote a few leisure hours to the giving of lessons on the Clarionet, Flute, Cornopean, &c.
Young ladies or gentlemen desirous of receiving instructions on the Piano may have the use of one at his residence.
Mr. E. has just received from London two bass Opheclides, two Clavicordes in B flat and C, and several other instruments of very superior tone and quality, which he is willing to dispose of at moderate prices.
N. B. - Music for Brass and Military Bands can be supplied ready arranged.
Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo Bay.

"WINDSOR [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT] . . . VOLUNTEER MOVEMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1860), 2 

The adjourned public meeting of our volunteers was held on Tuesday evening . . . There is a great desire on the part of a number of members to raise a band for the company, and we are given to understand that Mr. Edgerton, late bandmaster to the Regiment, has been pleased to offer his services gratuitously should such a movement be carried out. It is expected that, at least, the company will number sixty members by the end of the week.

"N.S.W. VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1860), 7 

The following appointments have been gazetted . . . Mr. Samuel Edgerton, to be captain of the Hawkesbury Company . . .


. . . Mr. MORTLEY, sergeant of the band responded. If the band deserved any praise, it should be given to their worthy captain for his unceasing labours, in endeavouring to perfect them in a knowledge of music . . .

The Australian almanac . . . 1867 (Sydney: John L. Sherriff, 1867), 230

Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles Captain Samuel Edgerton.

"WINDSOR (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT)", Empire (7 October 1869), 4

On Monday last the members of the Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles competed for prizes given by Messrs. Moses, Ridge, Robinson, and Walker (M.L.A.) for the best shooting . . . The Volunteers, together with a number of visitors, in all about 150 persons, sat down to a capital luncheon . . . After the Company had partaken of the good things, the following toasts were drunk, viz.: - "The Queen," proposed by Captain Edgerton, and drunk with enthusiasm, the band playing the "New South Wales March." Mr. H. Moses then proposed "The health of Captain Edgerton," the band playing "Work, boys, work" . . .

"WINDSOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1878), 6

On Sunday afternoon last the remains of Captain Edgerton were interred in the Church of England burial ground. The deceased, who was universally respected, was honoured with a military funeral, and the cortege, considering that nearly every one attending was on foot, was the largest we remember having seen. The procession moved from the Captain's late residence at half-past 4 o'clock, the two companies of the Windsor and Richmond Volunteers marching in front of the hearse with reversed arms. On entering North-street the band started a solemn march, arranged for the occasion by S. Jeffcott, band instructor, and the latter part of the way played the Dead March in Saul. The street along the line of march was thronged with spectators. Arriving at the churchyard the coffin, on which were laid the sword and helmet of Captain Edgerton and the colours of the Windsor Company, was borne into the church, followed by the procession, which marched between two lines of Volunteers. The church was almost filled on the occasion. The Rev. F. W. Stretton impressively read the first portion of the burial service, after which the coffin was removed to the grave, where the Volunteers were drawn up at either side, two deep. The Rev. H. A. Langley completed the service, when the order was given by Captain Linsley to fire three volleys, which was accordingly done, and thus the last honours were paid to the venerated deceased.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (23 August 1878), 3360 

In the will of Samuel Edgerton, late of Windsor, in the Colony of New South Wales, Esquire, deceased . . .

"CAPTAIN EDGERTON'S GRAVE [TO THE EDITOR]", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (28 April 1906), 8

SIR, - My attention has been drawn to a paragraph in your issue of Saturday last, with reference to the grave of Captain Edgerton. There are, doubtless, many in Windsor who still remember the gallant captain as an enthusiastic promoter, if not the originator, of the Hawkesbury volunteer movement in our district. To him also we were mainly indebted for the establishment of the first band of music in connection with the volunteers. For my own part I regarded him as one of the most upright and honourable members of our community. His remains were interred in St. Matthew's Church of England cemetery on Sunday, the 18th of August, 1878. For nearly, five years the grave remained without the slightest memorial in connection with it, and as the old gentleman, I believe, had no relations in the colony, and his last resting place might probably soon be beyond recognition, I gave instructions to our townsman, Mr. George Robertson, in March, 1883, to erect a suitable grave-stone and curbing. This he did at a cost of £16/14/6, and an inspection of the work after twenty three not twenty eight years - will show how substantially the work was done. This is the monument which you refer to as having been recently painted. I may add that the sexton has informed me that Mrs. Dick, of Windsor, had a short time ago caused screened gravel to be placed on the grave, which, of course, improved its appearance. One would think that after all the gallant and worthy old captain did for the Hawkesbury district, his last resting place would be an object of greater interest to the community. At all events there are some in Windsor whose recollections of him are ever green. - I am, Sir, yours faithfully,
JOHN TEBBUTT. The Peninsula, April 25, 1906.

"EARLY SETTLERS", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (25 November 1932), 9

Bibliography and resources:

Grace Hendy-Poole, "Windsor and Richmond [read before the Society, 24th April, 1906]", Journal and proceedings Australian Historical Society 2/1 (1906 [issued March 1909), 17 

. . . Samuel Edgerton, bandmaster of the 80th Regiment - stationed in the colony 1836-1844 - retired and settled on old Peninsula Farm Cottage, overlooking Peninsula Estate. He afterwards became captain of the Windsor Volunteers . . .

James Steele, Early days of Windsor, N.S. Wales (Sydney: Tyrell's Ltd, 1916), 134

EDLIN, Henry (Henry EDLIN; Henry John EDLIN)

Concert promoter

Active Adelaide, SA, 1853-54's+promenades+musicales+1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE PANTHEON", South Australian Register (4 February 1854), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 March 1854), 1

PUBLIC AMUSEMENT. H. EDLIN, has the honour to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Adelaide, that (in the absence of all public entertainment) he has determined on giving a PROMENADE MUSICALE, at the Pantheon, King William-street, on TUESDAY, 4th of April, and he respectfully solicits their patronage.
If this first attempt is duly supported, a series of them will be given through the winter, and Mr. Edlin will use his best endeavours to engage good musicians, and to render the place in every respect attractive.
A limited number of tickets issued, and they may be obtained.
Part 1st.
1. Polka, "Les Clochettes" - Labitzky.
2. Equestrian Quadrilles - Holt.
3. Waltz, "La Tenderesse" - Harry Hardy.
4. Song, "Every Land my Home" - N. J. Sporle, Miss Pettman.
5. Polka, "The Louise" - W. H. Montgomery.
6. Cornet Obligato, "As I view these scenes," &c. - La Somnambula, Bellini.
7. Song, "Kathleen Mavourneen" - T. N. Crouch, Miss Pettman.
8, Galop, "Fortuna" - Strauss.
Part 2nd.
1. March, founded on the popular Scotch melody "Annie Laurie" - W. H. Montgomery.
3. Quadrille, "Prince of Wales" - J. R. Ling.
5. "Empress," Spanish Polka.
4. "You'll meet me, won't you?" - Miss Pettman.
5. Solo, Pianoforte, "Away with melancholy," with variations - Montigani [Mantegani].
6. Waltz, "Bossissio."
7. Sturm Marsch Galop.
8. "God Save the Queen'."
Commencing at 7. o'clock. Admission, 2s. 6d., by tickets only.

"PROMENADE CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 April 1854), 3

We are glad to state that last night's entertainment at the Pantheon was largely patronized. The capacious building was crowded; and we cordially congratulate Mr. Edlin on such marked success at the very commencement of his spirited undertaking . . . We understand that Mr. Edlin is determined to continue the concerts, and thereby afford a most acceptable series of recreations during the otherwise dull evenings of the winter season.

"THE PANTHEON PROMENADE MUSICALE", Adelaide Observer (22 April 1854), 5

We see that Mr. Edlin purposes giving another of these popular and amusing entertainments on Tuesday next. We have already mentioned how much, in common with the entire company, we were pleased on the former occasion; and, from what we have seen of Mr. Edlin's spirited management, we feel very confident there will be no falling off in the second.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 May 1854), 2

CONCERT. MR. HENRY EDLIN respectfully begs to announce to the Gentry of Adelaide and vicinity, that a MUSICAL PROMENADE wi|l be given at the PANTHEON, on Tuesday, May 9th, under the immediate patronage of LADY YOUNG, on which occasion he will endeavour to secure all the available Musical Talent in Adelaide. Limited number of tickets issued - may be obtained at the Pantheon. 5s. each.

"PROMENADE MUSICALE", South Australian Register (10 May 1854), 3 

The attendance at the musical entertainment provided last evening by Mr. Edlin, at the Pantheon, was exceedingly good. His Excellency and Lady Young were present, and we also noticed W. H. Maturin, Esq., Private Secretary, the Hon. the Registrar-General, E. Stephens, Esq, M.L.C., His Honor Judge Cooper, H. R. Wigley, Esq., J. H. Fisher, Esq., M.L.C., Dr. Kent, Dr. Bayer, and several other numbers of the learned professions. A large number of the fair sex also graced the room with their presence. The orchestra was led by Mr. Chapman, as first violinist, and included Mr. MacCullagh, and several other gentlemen of known musical talent. Mr. Montegani [Mantegani] presided at the pianoforte. The programme consisted of no fewer than sixteen musical compositions, and with but one trifling exception was strictly observed. Miss Pettman was in excellent key, and was encored in "The Maid of Switzerland," for which she substituted "You do love, don't you?" and in "La Cour de l'Amour," for which she sang "Trab, Trab," with great spirit. This lady, in addition to great compass of voice, possesses the rare excellence of distinct enunciation, and is rising in the estimation of the public as a professional singer. The instrumentalists acquitted themselves on the whole with great credit but we think a few perceptible defects might have been avoided by two or three rehearsals previous to the concert. The whole, however, passed off extremely well, and we trust it will not be long before a similar entertainment is provided by the spirited proprietor, and that it will be as well supported.

EDMONDS, Harriet (Harriet WISE; Mrs. Alexander EDMONDS; Harriet EDMONDS)

Vocalist, ? convict

Born ? London, c. 1799/1800
Convicted, Middlesex Gaol (7 years), London, 11 September 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1823 (convict, per Mary, from London, 3 June 1823)
Married Alexander EDMONDS, Windsor, 1824
Active Sydney, NSW, 1829
Died Sydney, NSW, 24/25 August 1844 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"HATTON GARDEN", Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser [London] (8 February 1821), 4

Yesterday Harriet Wise, an interesting looking young woman, aged 20, was charged with stealing three blankets, a sheet, counterpane, &c. &c. the property Mr. Kent, of Smith-street, Clerkenwell, jeweller, with whom she had lived about three months as servant. The prisoner had stolen several articles in the situation she was in before she came to his service, for which she was examined at this Office, under the Pawnbroker's Act, for unlawfully pawning, when she was convicted in a penalty of triple the value, or to stand committed. On that occasion, the present prosecutor, from a knowledge her family, paid the penalty, amounting to 3l., and in order to redeem her character, took her into his own service, where she rewarded him by stealing the above named articles, which were found pledged by her at a pawnbroker's in St. John-street; besides taking up, the amount 2l. in money, in his name, from some of his customers. She was committed.

Harriet Wise, 14 February 1821; Old Bailey online

. . . GUILTY. Aged 22. Judgment Respited.

"BOW-STREET", Morning Advertiser (30 August 1822), 3

An incorrigible Thief. A girl, apparently about 19 years of age, named Harriet Wise, was brought on several charges of robbery, and it is not often that a case of such determined dishonesty, in one so young, has come under the cognizance of the Magistrates. The prisoner was some time ago obliged, in consequence of similar practices to those now charged against her, to quit her mother's house, and after being some days wandering about she was taken in by a Mrs. Dawson, a laundress, to assist her occasionally in her work. She had been with her but a few days, when Mrs. Dawson missed two silver spoons and several articles of linen and apparel. She suspected the prisoner, and she taxed her with the theft. She immediately confessed it, fell upon her knees, and begged for mercy. Mrs. Dawson not only forgave her, but, "fearing worse might come to her" if she turned her into the street, consented to let her remain in the house. This was in the morning, and in the afternoon of the same day the prisoner stole two sheets, two shawls, and some other things, and took them to a pawnbroker's. This theft was discovered the next day by Mrs. Dawson, who, upon her earnest solicitations, again promised not to prosecute her, if she would procure money to redeem the articles. This she promised to do, and went out (as she said) for that purpose, but did not return. She was apprehended in a day or two by Edwards, a constable. Mrs. D. meanwhile learned that the prisoner had borrowed several sums of money from her customers in her name, and had also pawned several bundles of linen, for which Mrs. Dawson had sent her to the London Hotel, in Albemarle-street, and other places, and which she had pretended were not ready when she called. Mrs. Dawson then went to the prisoner's mother, who said her daughter had been at the same practices since she was 14 years of age, and that she was completely irreclaimable. The prisoner maintained a sort of sullen indifference while under examination, and said nothing in her defence. She was fully committed.

"BOW-STREET", John Bull (2 September 1822), 7

Harriet Wise, a delicately formed and rather interesting young woman, was charged with a series of robberies upon Mrs. Dawson, laundress. Mrs. Dawson about three months ago took Harriet into her house in consequence of her stating herself to be utterly destitute; but she had not been long withe her before a pair of silver spoons were missing . . .

Harriet Wise, 11 September 1822; Old Bailey online 

. . . GUILTY. Aged 24. Transported for Seven Years.

New South Wales census, 1828; State Archives NSW 

. . . [Edmonds] Alexander / 32 / [arrived] General Fawcett / 1818 / Shoemaker . . .
. . . [Edmonds] or Wise / Harriet / 30 / [arrived] Mary / 1823 . . .

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26 ; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3 

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (21 September 1829), 3 

. . . "Sigh not for Love," by Mrs. Edmond was (considering it was this lady's first appearance in public) very well received . . .

[News], The Australian (23 September 1829), 3 

. . . What shall be said when it is known that two persons, a man and female, who gained a livelihood by singing in the choir at St. James's Church, have been discharged from their situation within this week past by the officiating Minister, for assisting as performers at the late concert? . . .

[News], The Australian (25 September 1829), 3 

The two choristers dismissed a few days since by the officiating Chaplain at St. James's Church, from their places, for the crime of singing at the late Public Concert, which the Venerable Archdeacon Broughton, it was expected, would have favoured with his presence, have not forfeited their means of obtaining a livelihood, as inferred by a paragraph in our last publication, we are glad to hear; the compensation allowed these singers amounting annually to but a trifle. Still the singularity of their abrupt dismissal remains unaltered. We hear the puritanical Pastor being too good and evangelical to live among the worldly going folk here, who can discover no sort of moral harm in a little innocent recreation betimes, will be treated with a rustication shortly.

"CHIT-CHAT", The Sydney Monitor (28 September 1829), 3 

. . . The Reverend Mr. Hill has dismissed two of the choir singers at St. James' Church, for contaminating their voice and persons, by being present at Mr. Levey's last Concert, at which the Judges were present. The public are in ardent expectation, that this Reverend Gentleman will be invited to give way to some University-bred Clergyman, whose model of preaching will be equally plain and a little more connected . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (21 October 1829), 3 

. . . "In gaudy courts with aching hearts" was next sung, by Mrs. Edmonds and Mr. Aldis, with good effect; and at the conclusion there rung through the house the cry encore, encore; in place of a solo on the clarionet, though not "omitted by particular desire," the wind instruments and violins struck up an overture. Mrs. Edmonds sung "Ye banks and braes of Bonny Doon," with an encore . . . "Poor Mary Ann," a simple little ballad, known to most tyros on the German flute, and which, on this occasion, was sung as a quartette, followed next, Mrs. Edmonds sustaining the treble . . .

"CERTIFICATES OF FREEDOM", New South Wales Government Gazette (19 December 1832), 468 

. . . Mary (3), Harriet Wise . . .

"INQUEST", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1844), 2 

Yesterday an inquisition took place before Mr. J. B. Brenan, and a jury, on the body of Harriet Edmonds, when the following evidence was given:

George Burnett deposed: On Saturday night last I was returning home from the Market when I met the deceased; she asked me to lake her home; she was then drunk; I took her home and put her to bed; she could not drink her tea; the husband of the deceased locked the door and put the key under it, saying, "I will not stop with a drunken woman." He also said, "she will find the key to come out to-morrow - I have done so before." The husband then left the house, and returned about seven o'clock on Sunday morning. He got my key, which opened the bed-room door; he then went into the room and came down immediately after, saying the deceased was dead; I went up with some others and found her lying on her face on the pillow, quite dead; she frequently got drunk, and her husband used, when she was so, to leave her to sleep alone. The husband is a very quiet man, but the deceased was very much addicted to drinking ardent spirits.

Alexander Edmonds, husband of the deceased, deposed: I returned home shortly before twelve o'clock at night, on Saturday last, and found the deceased lying in bed very drunk; she was drunk the night before; I said I would not stop with her; I locked the bed-room door, put the key under it, and left the house; she was very much addicted to drinking ardent spirits. I returned to the house on Sunday morning, between seven and eight o'clock, when I found the door locked; I then got a key from George Burnett and opened the door, when I found the deceased lying on her face in the bed; I then called the landlady, who came up to the room with me; she then turned over the deceased and said, she is dead; this was about half-past seven on Sunday morning; I reported her death to my master (her brother), and afterwards to the Coroner's constable.

Mr. Frederick Harpur, surgeon, deposed: I have carefully examined the body of the deceased, and am of opinion that death was the result of apoplexy, which may have been produced by drinking ardent spirits. The Jury found a verdict of died from apoplexy, induced by intoxication.

Bibliography and resources:

"Harriet Wise, b. 1799", digital panopticon 

"Harriet Wise, one of 127 convicts transported on the Mary, 03 June 1823", Convict records 


EDOUIN, Charles (Charles EDOUIN; stage name of Charles Edwin BRYER; Edwin Charles BRYER; Mr. Edwin BRYER)

Musician, musical director, orchestra leader, actor, entertainer

Born c. 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, June 1857 (per Algiers)
Married Elizabeth Louisa NAYLOR, St. Mark's, Fitzroy, VIC, 22 April 1863
Died between Lucknow and Agra, India, 9 May 1869, aged 37 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"THEATRE ROYAL", The Age (14 July 1857), 5 

. . . But the novelty of the evening was confessedly the first appearance of the Edouin Family, a juvenile vaudeville and ballet company, who bring with them very flattering testimonials from the principal London journals. The piece in which they made their debut to a Melbourne audience is entitled "Folios in France" and written expressly for the family by Fox Cooper. The little party had not been on the stage five minutes before they seemed to have gained the good-will of the house. They all acted with great vivacity and cleverness and seemed equally well up in their parts. Miss Rose Edouin treated the company to some very pretty dancing in the characters she assumed, and with her sister took part in a stately old minuet. Master Willie, however, was evidently the favorite, and elicited roars of laughter by his exceedingly clever acting in the part of Tiger Tim. After the close of the piece the family were called before the curtain for another round of applause . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 July 1869), 4 

BRYER (Edouin). - On the 9th of May, suddenly, while travelling between Lucknow and Agra, India, Charles Edwin Bryer, professionally known as Charles Edouin, formerly of the Imperial Hotel, Bourke-street, and brother of the Edouin Family, aged thirty-seven years.


Harp player, harpist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853; Geelong, VIC, 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"CONCERT", The Argus (8 July 1853), 5

. . . A solo on the harp by Mr. Edwards was deservedly well received . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8 

MECHANICS INSTITUTION - Weekly Concert. This Evening, Thursday 28th July . . .
Vocal - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Taunton, (Their first appearance).
Instrumental - Harp, Mr. Edwards (his first appearance),
Violin, M. Paltzer, Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart, Pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan (his first appearance) . . .

"THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (18 March 1856), 2 

. . . Between this play and the after piece of the Wild Boy of Bohemia, Mr. Edwards was to perform a solo on the harp . . .


Professor of music, violinist, pianist, bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1825-1844, 1860

Go to main page: 

EDWARDS, John Ashcroft (John Ashcroft EDWARDS)

Professor of music, organist, vocalist

Born Liverpool, England, 1843
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Drouin, VIC, 31 January 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (9 February 1883), 759 

EDWARDS, Solomon Nicholas (Solomon Nicholas EDWARDS; Mr. S. N. EDWARDS; Mr. S. EDWARDS; Nicholas Solomon EDWARDS)

Amateur vocalist

Born Ipswich, Suffolk, England, 21 October 1820; son of Nicholas EDWARDS (d. 1840) and Elizabeth KEALY (1803-1874)
Married (1) Sarah Ann GOODWIN (c.1818-1879), Ipswich, 1842
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13/14 May 1850 (per Arabian, from Plymouth, 7 January)
Married (2) Annie BERRY, NSW, 1880
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 8 November 1897, aged 77 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, Piece 4664-1: Dr William's Library Registry, Birth Certificates, 1820-1824; UK National Archives 

Nicholas Solomon Edwards, Parish of St. Matthew, Ipswich . . . / [son of] Nicholas Edwards, Elizabeth daughter of John Kaley / . . . [born] 21 October 1820

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (16 May 1850), 2 

Corrected list of passengers per Arabian, reported yesterday . . . Solomon Nicholas Edwards wife and two children . . .

"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (6 February 1857), 3 

. . . Mr. Edwards, who we understand is also leaving Adelaide for a distant part of the colony, was scarcely so effective as on some former occasions. He was evidently indisposed; yet, though not marked with any striking excellencies, his vocal performance was without fault, which is not always the case with gentlemen amateurs . . .

"CONCERT AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (5 June 1858), 4 

A correspondent has sent the following:- "Mr. S. N. Edward gave a grand miscellaneous concert of vocal and instrumental music, on Monday last, in Mr. Jas. Martin's corn store, assisted by the following professionals:- Vocalists: Miss Lingellbach, Miss Petman, and Mr. Sanderson. Pianist, Miss Rowe. Mr. Edwards's song, "The Sea King" was encored, as were also two songs by Miss Lingellbach, sung in German . . .

"MADAME CARANDINI AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (26 June 1858), 1 supplement 

A correspondent says:- "Madame Carandini gave a grand lyrical entertainment on Tuesday evening in the Gawler Institute. There was a goodly sprinkling of both sexes in attendance. Her only assistants were Signer Grossi, Mr. Laveuu, and Mr. Edwards, of this town, the latter having kindly volunteered his services . . .

"ANNIVERSARY OF THE GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (18 October 1858), 3 

. . . The beautiful glee, "Through lanes and hedgerows," was then sung by the Misses Tozer, Mr. J. W. Daniel, Mr. Edwards, and an amateur performer, in very good style . . . This was followed by "The standard-bearer," which was sung in very fine style by Mr. Edwards.

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Evening Journal (27 January 1870), 3 

A complimentary concert to Mr. S. Edwards was given in White's Room on Wednesday evening, January 26. There was a good attendance in all parts of the home. Mr. Edwards has been favourably known in Adelaide and many country townships for some years past for his musical proclivities. Frequently when vocal effort was called into requisition for charitable purposes he has rendered efficient services. Being about to leave for Victoria, after a 20 years' residence in this colony, it was but fitting that a farewell demonstration for his benefit should be arranged under the auspices of local amateur and professional talent. The appeal was responded to very generally by the musical friends of Mr. Edwards, and in consequence a varied and highly attractive programme was prepared . . . Mr. Edwards's vocal powers were displayed to the greatest advantage in Glover's composition, "The Boatman of the Downs" . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1897), 1 

EDWARDS. - November 8, 1897, at his residence, 39 Nickson-street, Surry Hills, Nicholas Solomon Edwards, late Government Printing Office, beloved husband of Annie Edwards, after a long and painful illness, aged 77 years.

EDWARDS, William Povall (William Povall EDWARDS; W. P. EDWARDS; Mr. EDWARDS)

Bass vocalist, hotel keeper

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840-41
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), November 1842
Active Fingal, VDL (TAS), 1843-45
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 7 February 1846 (passenger per Gilbert Henderson, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Edwards is perhaps identifiable as the William Povall Edwards, son of John and Christiana Edwards, baptised at Lapley, Stafford, England, on 16 November 1807.

Edwards was briefly active in South Australia, as a hotelier and semi-professional vocalist, in 1840-41, promoting several concerts with George Bennett, as well as singing songs and glees at public dinners, notably for local figures associated with the South Australia Company, including Edward John Eyre and David McLaren.

He is perhaps the Edwards who arrived in Hobart Town from Adelaide, on the Marys, on 14 May 1842. He was in Hobart Town in November 1842, when he appeared in the St. Cecilia's day oratorio at St. Joseph's church. He was appointed postmaster at Fingal, in the north east of the island, in July 1843, and held the post until the beginning of 1846. He last appeared in public, as soloist for the Hobart Town Choral Society in February 1846, immediately before sailing for London.

Edwards's repertoire of solo songs included Handel's Arm, arm ye brave (from Judas Maccabaeus); Neukomm's Ye mariners of England and The land; Callcott's The last man and Friend of the brave; and Lover's Molly Carew (Lover).


Adelaide, SA, 1840-41:

[Advertisement], Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Advertiser (18 February 1840), 2 

CONCERT - at Mr. SOLOMON'S Rooms, in Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" - Handel.
GLEE - A LADY; Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT and EDWARDS, "Here in cool grot." - Mornington.
SONG - Mr. EDWARDS, "Mariners of England - Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr. BENNETT - Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, - "E fia Fer" - Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath." - Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth." - Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus." - Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" - Bishop.
SONG - Mr. EWENS, "Maiden, I will ne'er." - Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and Piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Zelmira" - Herz & Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS, "Would you know." - Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be hail at the newspaper offices, and of Messrs. Platte and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the church.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

The first professional concert given in Adelaide on Thursday night was so successful, and so numerously attended by the most respectable inhabitants, that we confidently look forward to an early repetition of the attempt . . . Mr. Edwards gave Neukomm's "Mariners of England" with much vigour, and he afterwards introduced another very beautiful song, well suited to his superb voice, in which he was rapturously encored . . .

"DINNER TO MR. McLAREN", Southern Australian (1 January 1841), 4 

"DINNER TO DAVID McLAREN, ESQ.", South Australian Register (2 January 1841), 3

. . . The dinner, furnished by Mr. Edwards, of Stephens-place . . . At one end of the room an orchestra was fitted up. Mr. George Bennett was conductor of the music, and Mr. Edwards, Mr. Ewens, and two or three others, lent their able assistance. The music, songs, glees, &c., were executed in such a manner that several of them were rapturously encored . . .

Mr. McLaren then proposed - Continued prosperity to South Australia . . . Song - "The Land," - by Mr. Edwards . . .

Mr.Newland begged to propose a toast . . . Mrs. Gawler and the Ladies of South Australia . . . Mr. Hall begged, in the name of Mrs. Gawler, to return thanks . . . Song - "The Holly's the tree" - Mr. Edwards . . .

Mr. William Smillie proposed success to the South Australian Company, Glee - "Willie brew'd a peck o'maut," - Messrs. Edwards, Ewen, and Bennett . . .

"CONCERT", Southern Australian (5 January 1841), 3 

"THE CONCERT", Southern Australian (12 January 1841), 1 supplement 

On Thursday evening last, a concert was held in the Company's buildings, Rundle-street, the expenses of which were defrayed out of the surplus which remained in the hand's of the stewards of the McLaren dinner. It was attended by the elite of Adelaide, and every thing we understand went off well.

"OPENING DINNER", Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record (20 January 1841), 3 

On Monday evening, Mr. Francie Mitchell gave his opening dinner at John o'Groat's house . . . several songs were sung in fine style by Mr. Edwards, Mr. Mitchell, and others . . .

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (9 February 1841), 1 supplement 

BEG respectfully to inform the Gentry and Public of Adelaide and its vicinity, that their
CONCERT will take place in the large room in the South Australian Company's Building, Rundle-street, on
WEDNESDAY, February 10, 1841.
The principal Performers will be -
No pains will be spared to render the Orchestra as complete as possible.
Tickets, six shillings each, may be obtained at EDWARDS' Hotel, Stephens Place;
WATERLOO HOUSE, Hindley-street ; and Druman & HARVEY'S, Rundle-street.
the Doors will be opened at half past Seven o'clock; and the Performance will commence at Eight o'clock precisely.
The Programme will be given at the room. Stephens Place, Feb. 3, 1841.

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", South Australian Register (20 March 1841), 3 

The anniversary of the "Saint of the Green Isle" was celebrated with all due honor by a numerous and respectable party on Wednesday last - George S. Kingston, Esq., in the chair - Dr. O'Hea, croupier. The dinner and wines were provided by Fordham, and we need not say they were both excellent. The meeting was enlivened by numerous speeches and toasts. Mr. Edwards, whose vocal powers are so well known, sung beautifully several of Moore's favorite melodies; and an original duett between an English and a Scotch visitor afforded considerable amusement.

"QUEEN'S THEATRE. BENEFIT OF MR. LAZAR", South Australian Register (8 May 1841), 3

. . . Mr. Edwards and a gentleman amateur, we observe, are to render their powerful vocal assistance . . .

As we anticipated, Lazar's benefit, on Monday night drew a crowded house . . . Between the pieces Mr. Edwards sung "The Land," with more than usual effect. A song from Edwards is something worth hearing at any time; but on Monday evening the treat was even richer than usual . . .

[Lits of signatures of colonists], The South Australian Government Gazette (13 May 1841), 3 

William Povall Edwards, Stephens place, hotel keeper

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNET Beg to announce their intention of giving a CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC, In the large Room of the South Australian Company's buildings, Rundle-street.
ON FRIDAY, AUGUST 13th, 1841.
Principal Performers: Mrs. ELLIOT, and a Lady Amateur.
Messrs. EDWARDS, EWENS, LEE, POOLE, ELLIOT, and BENNETT, assisted by Gentlemen Amateurs.
OVERTURE - Occasional - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mr. Edwards - Arm, Arm, ye Brave - HANDEL.
QUARTETT - Mrs. Elliot, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, and Poole - Thou art gone to the Grave - GREATOREX.
AIR - Mr. Ewens - I know that my Redeemer liveth - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mrs. Elliot Comfort ye - HANDEL.
CHORUS - And the Glory - HANDEL.
PART 2nd.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Lady Amateur - With Verdure Clad - HAYDN.
ANTHEM - Lady Amateur and Mr. Ewens - Hear my Prayer - KENT.
SONG - Mr. Edwards - The Last Man - CALLCOTT.
TRIO - Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, & Bennett - Disdainful of Danger - HANDEL.
GRAND CHORUS - The Heavens are telling - HAYDN.
Tickets, 7s 6d. each, or Family Tickets to admit three, 21s. each. To be had at Edwards' Hotel, Stephens' Place.
The Concert will commence precisely at Eight o'clock.

"THE CONCERT", South Australian Register (21 August 1841), 3

The attendance at Messrs. Edwards and Bennett's Concert on Friday night, notwithstanding the rain and wind, was such as to presage decided success to their future efforts. The performance would have done no discredit to any provincial town in England. To individualise a few would be to do injustice to the many; we therefore content ourselves with a just, warm, and unqualified commendation of the performers generally. We trust that the lovers of music in Adelaide will support these concerts (for this was the first of a series), as they undoubtedly deserve - Independent.

[We regret extremely that the state of the weather and distance from the Concert Room prevented our attendance on the occasion. It is much to be desired that the taste for music which has been so creditably exhibited in Adelaide should be fostered by every useful means; and we trust Messrs. Edwards and Bennett will meet with sufficient encouragement to enable them to carry through the series of concerts they propose. In the present state of the streets of Adelaide, moonlight evenings, we think, are indispensable to a full attendance.] - Editors.

"THE PUBLIC DINNER TO EDWARD JOHN EYRE, ESQ.", Southern Australian (27 August 1841), 2 

. . . The dinner was in Mr. Edwards' first-rate style, and the wines of the very best quality. Music was provided, and Messrs. Edwards, Bennett, Ewens, and Hayward, did their very best to entertain the company after the various toasts . . .

"ST. ANDREW'S DAY", Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record (1 December 1841), 2 

YESTERDAY, being St. Andrew's Day, was celebrated by the Scottish portion of the community by a public dinner. The dinner took place in the new Music Saloon, adjoining the Sportsman's Inn, in Gouger-street . . . The following gentlemen sat down to dinner: - Birrell, Andrew . . . Edwards, Wm. . . . Ewens, Wm. . . . Hamilton, Rt. . . Wotherspoone, J. . . .

. . . Mr. Murray again rose and said he had a toast to propose, namely - "The Agricultural and Pastoral Interests of South Australia" . . .
Song - "The Land," by Mr. Edwards . . .

Some good songs were sung during the evening by Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Birrel, and Mr. Wotherspoon. Messrs. Edwards and Bennet also sung a few glees with great effect.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record (29 September 1841), 2 

MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNETT beg to announce their intention of giving a Concert of Miscellaneous Music on Thursday next, the 30th instant, in the Large Room of the South Australian Company's New Buildings, Rundle-street.
DUET - Messrs. Edwards & Ewens - I PURITANI — Sound the trumpet boldly - BELLINI.
DUET — Violin & Violoncello - Messrs. Bennett and Poole - REINGALE.
SONG - Lady Amateur - When crowned with Summer Roses - HOBBS.
GRAND VARIATIONS - Flute - On Malbrook - Gent. Amateur - BUCHER.
SONG - Mr. Edwards - Friend of the brave - CALLCOTT.
GLEE — A Lady, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens and Poole - If this delicious grateful Flower - HAWES.
GRAND TRIO - Piano, Violin, and Violoncello - A Lady, Messrs. Bennett and Poole - HUMMELL.
SONG - Mr, Ewens - The Land of the West - LOVER.
GRAND DIVERTIMENTO - Violoncello - Mr. Poole - MAYESDER.
POLACCA - I Puritani - A Lady - Son Virgin - BELLINI.
SONG - Mr. Edwards - Ye Mariners of England - NEWSOMM [Neukomm].
DUET - A Lady and Mr. Ewens - The Butterfly - SALE.
FINALE - God save the Queen.
Tbe Concert will commence precisely at 6 o'clock.
Tickets 6s each - to be had at Edward's Hotel, Stephens-place.

Hobart and Fingal, VDL (TAS), 1842-46:

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 November 1842), 2 

"LOCAL", The Courier (25 November 1842), 2 

On the preceding evening (Tuesday,) about three hundred persons assembled at the Catholic Chapel, in Macquarie-street, for the purpose of hearing the Oratorio, which had been gratuitously undertaken by the professional talent of the town in aid of the funds for that building . . . Besides the vocal powers of Mrs. Clarke's company, appeared a Mr. Edwards, in the fine musical production entitled "The last Man." This gentleman, though possessing a good bass voice, is evidently deficient in the theory of the art. Replete with recitatives and bold transitions as is the piece selected for his debut, Mr. Edwards allotted to himself a task beyond his means of accomplishment, and (determined that he should have the music as well as the world to himself,) by bidding adieu to the accompaniment, exposed the foible which characterises his attempts of pieces so elaborate, viz., a want of cultivation, destroying the merits of a naturally good voice . . .

"THE ORATORIO", Colonial Times (29 November 1842), 3 

On Tuesday evening last above two hundred persons assembled in St. Joseph's Church, Macquarie-street, for the purpose of hearing the Oratorio. We were sorry to perceive so many vacant seats, and could not help mentally inquiring how it was that several most respectable and wealthy of the Catholic body were absent on such an occasion; the majority of the audience were Protestants, and the receipts amounted to between £70 and £80. The pieces selected shewed great taste and judgment, and were upon the whole very fairly performed. When the services of performers arc gratuitously given, we ought not to be too hypercritical, we were, therefore, sorry to read in a contemporary of Friday a critique upon Mr. Edwards who sung the beautiful piece of "the last man" in a style that gave the utmost gratification to all present; the critique betrays evident jealousy and envy, the former as we understand the critic considers "the last man" a sort of forte of his own, and the latter, as he much lacks that of which Mr. Edwards is so liberally possessed, viz., A GOOD VOICE.

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (6 February 1846), 3 

A miscellaneous concert, "in aid of the funds of the Choral Society," was given last evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute . . . Amongst the vocalists, we recognised Messrs. McGregor, Allen, and Madame Gautrot; and Mr. Edwards, well known to many of us, highly gratified the audience by his singing generally, and especially by his execution of the fine bass song, "Friend of the Brave." . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Observer (10 February 1846), 3 

A Concert, in aid of the funds of this society, took place on Thursday evening, in the Lecture-hall of the Mechanics' Institute. About sixty persons were present, and it is not surprising that there were so few, as only two days' notice was given of the Concert. The performance was good, opening with the Overture to De la Caravanne, which was played with spirit and in good time. The burthen of the entertainment was thrown on Mr. Edwards, who has sailed for England in the Gilbert Henderson, whose masterly performance of "Friend of the Brave" and "The Land" gained him deserved applause . . .

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (11 February 1846), 2 

7 - Sailed the bark Gilbert Henderson., 517 tons, Tweedie, for London, with oil and bone-passengers . . . Mr. Edwards . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Courier (11 February 1846), 2

This was a Concert worthy of the name. We have no hesitation in asserting that it has had no equal in Hobart Town, and, in the absence of Mr. Edwards, is not very soon likely to be equalled again . . . In the songs, Mr. Edwards well earned the palm which there were none to contest. With considerable compass and fullness of voice, there was a pervading mellowness of tone and a degree of pliancy and management which even in lands richer in the resources of musical talent, we have not often heard surpassed. His "Molly Carew," admirably given in the appropriate serio-comic style, and "The Land," were rapturously encored. It is much to be regretted that the society cannot longer avail itself of his valuable assistance . . .


= Mrs. George CASE

EGLINTON, Charles (Charles EGLINTON)

Tenor vocalist ("pupil of Sims Reeves") ?

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Star (18 July 1857), 3 

"THE CONCERTS AT THE JOHN O'GROAT HOTEL", The Star (18 July 1857), 3

Shilling concerts, for a long time so popular and so largely patronised by the people in London and some of the large provincial towns in England, are to have a trial, it appears, on Ballarat. Mr. Farley, with an enterprise and good taste, deserving of commendation, has abandoned the "free and easy," and substituted a shilling concert in the long-room of his hotel. Miss Stewart, a highly accomplished artiste, whose occasional efforts during the past week have served to gain her many admirers, is to be the leading soprano, and Mr. Charles Eglinton (a pupil of Sims Reeves) the principal tenor. The music will consist of some of the choicest morceaux of the British and Italian masters, and to give effect to a series of glees, madrigass [sic, madrigals], and catches, several talented amateurs have volunteered their services. The first concert will be held this evening.


Violinist, conductor, composer

Born Versailles, France, 2 August 1816, son of Philippe EIGENSCHENCK (1767-1844) and Marie WALBURG de Balthasar (d. 1866)
Married (1) Elphege BERNARD (d. 4 December 1847), Orléans, France, 17 June 1839
Arrived Sydney, 16 NSW, August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco, 6 June)
Married (2) Emelia CROSBY, Scots Church, Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1859
Active New Zealand, by August 1867 until September 1869 (for Melbourne)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 19 March 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Charles Eigenschenck was a son of the violinist Philippe Antoine Eigenschenck (born 5 February 1767, Saint-Germain en Laye, Paris; died Versailles, 11 December 1844) and Marie Walburg de Balthasar (d. 1866).

His father had served as a violinist in the Chapel Royal at Versailles from as young as the age of 13, c.1780 (see here in 1785), and was later music master to the pages in the king's household (see here in 1822).

Eigenschenck, père, was listed as an "ancien professeur de musique" in the directory of the Collége Royal de Versailles for 1845, though in fact he had died the previous December. Charles's elder brother, Joseph (1806-1886) succeeded to his father's posts (see here also in 1850).

Charles Eigenschenck married Elphege Bernard at Orléans, in 1839. She died there in 1847.

In 1846-47, he was enrolled as a member of the Association des artistes musiciens, and continued on the organisation's registers until 1850.

He evidently left France in mid 1850, and arrived in New York in the autumn, as orchestral leader with the Franck dance troupe from Paris. The company, of which Celestine Franck (previously of the Paris Opéra) and her sister Victorine were principal artists and Leon Espinosa an associate, appeared first at the Astor Place Opera House on 23 September. They then toured to Boston, Philadelphia, New Orleans, and, by April 1851, St. Louis. The company gave a short return season in New York in December 1851, before returning to France, though Espinosa stayed on in America, as so too did Eigenschenck.

He was in California by mid 1853, appearing in Sacramento, having been engaged as leader of the orchestra for Lola Montez's season.

Eigenschenck arrived in Sydney, from San Francisco, in August 1855, as musical director to Montez's touring company, which also included the eminent London theatrical vocalist Harriet Cawse Fiddes and her daughters, and the comedian and manager James Simmonds.

Though he is not listed separately, he probably joined the band at the Royal Victoria Theatre, then under the direction of John Winterbottom for the Montez company's short Sydney season, but appears thereafter to have not to have followed Montez on to Melbourne.

He next appears in his own right as leader of Winterbottom's orchestra at the newly opened "Our Lyceum" theatre in Sydney in July 1856. By December 1856, he and Winterbottom had transferred to the Royal Victoria Theatre for the summer season. During the winter season in 1857, with Alfred Usher as co-leader, they divided their time between popular drama at the Lyceum, and Anna Bishop's opera company at the Royal Victoria, under the musical direction of George Loder.

In May 1858, in concert with Miska Hauser and John and Edward Deane he played Haydn's Emperor Quartet. Under Lewis Lavenu, and later under Charles Packer, he was orchestra leader at the Prince of Wales Theatre in 1859, and conducted Ernani there in August.

He married his second wife, Amelia Crosby, at Scots Church, Sydney, on 8 December 1859.

He was leading the orchestra at the Victoria and Prince of Wales theatres, Sydney, and for the Lyster Opera Company, at various times from 1862 and until 1866.

Thereafter, he spent two years, from mid 1867, as leader of the theatre orchestra at the prosperous port town of Hokitika, on the west coast of New Zealand.

Despite advertising, toward the end of his first year there, the sale of his extensive library and house, preparatory to leaving for Europe, probably as a result of having received new of his mother's death (in 1866), he and his wife stayed on in Hokitika until the spring of 1869, ultimately leaving not for Europe, but for Melbourne.

He returned at least once more to New Zealand, in late 1872, early 1873, as orchestra leader with the Lyster-Cagli opera troupe.

In February 1880, his "very old violin, dark brown, varnish worn off back and belly, ebony chin rest on left-hand side of belly with sphinx head. Value £100" was stolen at the theatre, probably an 18th-century French instrument. He died at home, a month later, in Fitzroy, aged 63.


[Advertisement], Sacramento Daily Union (4 July 1853), 2

SACRAMENTO THEATRE. GRAND MUSICAL AND TERPSICHOREAN ENTERTAINMENT. MLLE. LOLA MONTEZ, Begs leave to announce to the public of Sacramento that she will give a limited number of Concerts at the Sacramento Theatre, commencing on Tuesday Evening, July 5th. She has secured the services of the celebrated violinist, MISKA HAUSER, and also MONSIEUR CHARLES CHERAL, whose wonderful performance on the Piano Russe, (a new instrument,) has excited the greatest admiration. MONS. CHARLES EIGENSCHENCK, A violinist, who has recently arrived in this country will also assist on the occasion.

"CONCERT HALL", Sacramento Daily Union (6 August 1853), 2 

One of the most decidedly pleasant resorts in the city, to the lover of excellent music, is the Concert Hall of Mr. F. A. Miller & Co., on Second street, between K and L. Among the distinguished performers whom it was our pleasure to listen to there an evening or two ago, were Monsieurs Chenal, Eigenschenck, Miller, and others, who performed alternately on the flute, violin, piano, guitar, clarionet, and bugle . . .

[News], Marysville Daily Herald [California, USA] (24 October 1853), 2 

The Roussets left for Marysville yesterday. Our up-river friends will be treated to some of the choicest dancing imaginable . . . The lovers of good music will enjoy a rich feast, as the troupe are accompanied by Mons. Eigenschenck, (as leader of the orchestra.) one of the most celebrated and accomplished musicians of the day. - State Journal.

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

August 16 - Fanny Major, American barque, 226 tons, Captain Hays, from San Francisco June 6, and Navigators Islands June 17. Passengers - Madame Lola Montez, Mrs. Fiddes, Misses Fiddes (2), Miss E. Spangenberg, Mr. and Mrs. P. Dolan and 2 children, Mrs. Dolan, Mr. and Mrs. Patrick, Messrs. Folland, James Simmonds, F. Jones, Napthali, Daniels, Hardinsank [sic], Drevan, Oswald, Harrison, and 8 in the steerage. Wilkinson, Brothers, and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4 

CAPTAIN W. L. HAYS. ESTEEMED Sir,- We, the undersigned, passengers on board the barque Fanny Major, desire to express to you our appreciation of your uniform kindness to us during our voyage from San Francisco to Sydney . . . (Signed) Marie De Lindsfeld Heald "Lola Montez"; Patrick Dolan and lady, Catherine Dolan; Harriett Fiddes; Josephine M. Fiddes; Harriett F. Fiddes; B. Napthali; W. H. Drevar; G. W. Daniels; Esther M. Spangenberg; James Simmonds; F. Jones; Fred. Folland; Charles Eigenschenck.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (23 August 1855), 4 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING. Thursday, August 23, 1855, the performances will commence with a New and Original Drama in five Eras, entitled LOLA MONTEZ IN BAVARIA.
Baron Newsbaumer, Mr. C. Jones; Baron Von Poppnenheim, Mr. Folland; Lola Montez; Countess of Lansfield, Mdlle. Lola Montez; Princess Vichillini, Miss Josephine Fiddes. To conclude with the Popular Comedietta, entitled THE FOUR SISTERS.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1 

Under the Management of Messrs. STEPHENS and CRAVEN,
WILL OPEN MONDAY NEXT, JULY 14TH, 1856, On which occasion will appear the eminent Tragedian
Mr. G. V. BROOKE, assisted by MR. ROBERT HEIR, MRS. ROBERT HEIR (Late Miss Fanny Cathcart) . . .
THE BAND, under the able management of Mr. WINTERBOTTOM, will be found the most efficient in the colonies, and will include the following gentlemen.- M. Chas. Eigenschenck, leader,
Messrs. W. Tranter, Beans, Wilkinson, Strong, Seymour, Volpi, Sharpe, Richardson, &c., &c. . . .

"OUR LYCEUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 September 1856), 2 

. . . Who is not familiar with "Oliver Twist"? A dramatized version of which excellent work was successfully produced at this Theatre on Monday night . . . In concluding our notice this week, we feel we should be doing injustice, did we omit mention of the performances of Winterbottom, aided by Mr. C. Eigenschenck, a source of great attraction to "Our Lyceum".

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1856), 7 

There has been no lack of well selected entertainment at this establishment, while Cinderella has been the chief attraction . . . The orchestral department of this establishment is now under the direction of Mr. Winterbottom aided by M. Eigenschenck, and to them is owing much of that eclat which has attended the production of Cinderella . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 July 1857), 1 

OUR LYCEUM THEATRE - Lessees and Managers, Messrs. JAMES SIMMONDS and HOWARD . . .
An extensive corps de ballet and choral for the production of burlesques.
Conductors and leaders of orchestra, Messrs. Winterbottom, Usher, and Eigenschenck . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THE OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1857), 4 

. . . Every department is now well filled. Of the merits of Madame Anna Bishop and the principal vocalists it is almost superfluous to make mention. The choral department has been chosen from all the available musical talent of the colonies, and the orchestra, numbering among its members Messrs. Winterbottom, Usher, Eigenschenck, Kohler, Wheeler, Tranter, &c., is under the direction of Mr. G. Loder . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (3 October 1857), 3

. . . THE RETURN BALL will take place on Wednesday next, the 7th instant, at the Prince of Wales Theatre . . . By the kind permission of Colonel Stratton, the Band of her Majesty's 77th Regiment will attend, and Mr. Eigenschenck's celebrated Quadrille Band will also perform during the evening . . .

"CITIZENS RETURN FANCY DRESS BALL", Empire (8 October 1857), 5 

. . . The Band of the 77th regiment and Mr. Eigenschenck's were in attendance, and never have we heard a better selection of dance music, more effectively played than by those two bands last night . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1857), 1 

MISKA HAUSER has the honour to announce that he will give a Grand Instrumental Concert THIS EVENING, December 17th, at the Concert Hall, Royal Hotel.
Quintetto - Mayseder for two violins, two altos, and violoncello -
Allegro, Adagio, Scherzo, Finale -
MISKA HAUSER, Messrs. Klein, J. Deane, E. Deane, and C. Eigenschenk . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1858), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - TO-NIGHT, The New Comic Pantomime. HARLEQUIN EMIGRATION. - New company. - New Season. - Scenery, by Mr. Guy. Machinery, Mr. J. Kain. - New Music, composed by Mr. Charles Eigenschenck.


. . . Mr. Faning, assisted by Mr. Eigenschenck, played the airs which followed the toasts, and also other appropriate and enlivening interludes . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1858), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - MISKA HAUSER has the honour to announce that his last Concert previous to his departure, per the European, will take place on MONDAY EVENING, May 3rd, 1858 . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . 3. Quartette - God Save the Emperor - for two violins, tenor, and violincello - Haydn,
M. Hauser, Messrs. C. Eigenschenck, John Deane, and Edward Deane.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC SUMMARY. MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The month: a literary and critical journal (June 1858), 305-04 

. . . Now we come to the benefciare himself. He played his fantasie from "Norma" beautifully perfect, and enhanced it exceedingly by his elegant arrangement of the accompaniment for sestette, played quite in keeping with him, by the Messrs. Deane and Eigenschenck . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1858), 1 

AMERICAN AMPHITHEATRE - Prince of Wales Theatre. ROWE and MARSHALL, Managers - . . .
Leader of the orchestra, Mr. Charles Eigenschenck . . .

"MASONIC BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1858), 5 

The Annual Masonic Ball took place at the Prince of Wales Theatre last evening . . . The musical department was effective; eight members of the band of the 12th Regiment backed up the skilful operatic band of fourteen, which was presided over by M. Eigenscbenck as leader, and Mr. Winterbottom as conductor . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1858), 1 

. . . MADAME AMALIA RAWACK begs to announce that her last CONCERT will take place on TUESDAY, July the 6th, at the PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE . . .
Conductor: Mr. John Deane. Leader: Mr. C. Eigenschenk . . .

"DISTRICT OF SYDNEY", New South Wales reports of crime . . . (25 November 1858), 1 

Stolen between 2.30 and 5.30 p.m. on the 23rd instant, from the vest pocket of Charles Eigenschenck, whilst playing cricket in the Cleveland Paddocks, a gold Geneva watch with gold Albert seals, a French hook attached, "Morley," maker . . . at the same time, the contents of his pocket-book, viz.: a miniature of the late Mr. Crosby, a Philadelphia gold dollar, a copper cross, a silver dog, a silver horse, a small cocoanut carved with two figures, and a watch key with the imitation of a whip lash around it. The vest was lying with the above articles rolled up in it, with other portions of clothing, the owners of which were engaged in cricketing.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1859), 1 

THIS DAY, 17th March, 1859, for the BENEFIT of the ASYLUM FOR DESTITUTE CHILDREN, Randwick . . .
CONDUCTOR - Mr. Nathan . . .
Leaders of the Orchestra - Messrs. Paling, Eigenschenck, and Winterbottom . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1859), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - Lessee and manager, Mr. Charles Poole . . .
musical director, Mr. Winterbottom; leader, Mr. Eigenschenk . . .

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL. On TUESDAY, July 19th, and THREE FOLLOWING DAYS, a series of GRAND MUSICAL PERFORMANCES will be held, to celebrate the opening of the HALL of the Sydney University . . .
Mr. John Deane, Conductor of the Philharmonic Society
Mr. Eigenshenk, leader of Orchestra at the Prince of Wales Theatre
Mr. Alfred Usher, leader of Orchestra at the Victoria Theatre . . .


The second of these very admirable entertainments was given last night. Selections from various operas and other popular music of the day were performed to the great delight fof the audience. The compact and well-practised orchestra went through the overtures to Boieldieus's " La Dame Blanche," and Auber's "Masaniello," under Mr. Lavenu's conduct with admirable precision; and various valses, polkas, quadrilles &c., under the efficient lead of Mr. Eigenschenck, with all the brilliant effects produced by Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Kohler, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1859), 1

"THE OPERA. LUCREZIA BORGIA", Empire (23 August 1859), 5 

. . . only a limited audience was present at the Prince of Wales Theatre, last evening to witness the first representation of "Lucrezia Borgia" . . . There seems to be a fatality attending the conduct of the opera, scarcely has the lamented Lavenu departed to another sphere, than Mr. Packer is taken suddenly ill, and though we are fully convinced of Mr. Eigenschenck's talents as a musician and leader, yet it has never proved feasible, and, to speak plainly, it is an utter impossibility, that the same hand can lead and conduct an operatic performance. The effect of the attempt to do so was very plainly visible last night, though the defect will be remedied to-night, by, we believe, the engagement of another conductor . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (5 September 1859), 5

The lyric drama has been progressing favourably during the week. On Monday, "Ernani" was again given, and on Tuesday, the regular opera night, the established favourite "Il Trovatore," to a full house. The operatic drama of "Rob Roy" was played on Wednesday . . . On Thursday evening, Bellini's "Sonnambula" was performed, the audience being numerous and enthusiastic. The addition of Mr. Hertz, as first violin, increased the steadiness and efficiency of the orchestra, Mr. Eigenschenck being enabled to devote his entire attention to conducting the opera. The management has acted wisely, during the sort of interregnum occasioned by the decease of one conductor and the illness of his successor, in only producing such operas as, from being well known, required no great exercise of orchestral power . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (10 September 1859), 1 

on the afternoon above mentioned, at half-past 2 o'clock.
The entertainment will comprise selections from IL TROVATORE, ERNANI, FREISCHUTZ, &c. &c.
Including the celebrated MISERERE of Verdi, with full Chorus, Supported by
Conductor - Mr. C. S. PACKER
Full Orchestra and Chorus . . .

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 13 

Last night a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music was held in aid of the funds of the School of Arts, Balmain, in the school-house, Adolplhus-street . . . Mr. Richardson's admirable flute solo from Verdi's opera Il Trovatore (with a skilful accompaniment by Mr. Eigenschenck) came next . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1859), 1 

GRAND ORCHESTRAL UNION AND VOCAL CONCERT.- The first of a series of MONSTER CONCERTS, for the benefit of the Dramatic and Musical Artistes, late of the Victoria and Prince of Wales Theatres, will take place on WEDNESDAY, 23rd instant, at the SCHOOL OF ARTS, when the following combination of talent will appear.
Pianist - Mr. C. Packer
Leaders - Messrs. Usher and Eigenschenck
Second Violins - Messrs. Josephson and Hall
Tenori - Messrs. Rice and Davis
Violoncello - Mr. F. Howson, jun.
Contra Bassi- Messrs. Chate and Brown
Flauto - Messrs. Vaughan and Gallagher
Clarinetti - Messrs. Johnson and Taylor
Cornetti - Messrs. Prince and Fredericks
Saxe Tuba - Mr. Bligh
Tympani and Side Drum - Messrs. Thorpe and Dalton
Solo Cornet, Flageolet, and Concertina- Mr. R. W. Kohler . . .

"MARRIAGES", Empire (13 December 1859), 6 

EIGENSCHENCK - CROSBY - On Thursday last, the 8th inst., by special license, at St. Andrew's Scots Church, Sydney, by the Rev. John Dougall, Charles Eigenschenck to Emelia Crosby.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1859), 1

"ITALIAN OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1860), 4 

Arrangements have at length been effected by Mr. Samuel Colville, the enterprising manager of the Prince of Wales Theatre, which are shortly to result in the production here, on a scale of unequalled attraction, of the grand Opera; to be continued for one month only, four nights per week, Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays . . . With this in view engagements have been already concluded with the long expected artists, the Signora and Signor Bianchi, who arrived in this city from Victoria on Friday evening last. . . . The six operas which will be produced are, II Trovatore, Lucrezia Borgia, Ernani, Nabucodonosor, Norma, and Traviata; and the season is to commence on the 29th instant - next Tuesday week. The following engagements have already been entered into: Signor Cesare Cutolo, conductor; and a full and efficient orchestra, in which will be comprised the well-known piano instrumental performer, Monsieur Eigenschenk, and Monsieur Paltzer - the last-named gentleman having been expressly brought up to Sydney from Melbourne for this occasion . . .

"ITALIAN OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1860), 5 

. . . The orchestra, in all respects, was sufficiently powerful, but at the same time well balanced, and the manner in which the instrumentation was performed evidenced assiduity at rehearsal; it was very ably conducted by M. Paltzer, and led by M. Eigenschank [sic] . . .

"COPY OF PROTEST", Empire (12 June 1860), 8 

Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, Tuesday Morning, May 22nd, 1860.
WE, the undersigned, professors of music, vocal and instrumental, and also the chorus engaged in the forthcoming Opera, season, deem it a bounden duty, taking into consideration an article appearing in this morning's Empire, to protest against the ability of Sig. CUTOLO, as a conductor of grand opera, at the same time believing him to be, without doubt, an excellent pianist; but from inexperience, unable to wield the baton as conductor.

"MR. WINTERBOTTOM", Empire (14 August 1861), 5 

A very gratifying testimonial was presented to Mr. Winterbottom, the eminent bassoonist and conductor, previous to his departure from Sydney, yesterday, for Melbourne, en route for England, by several of the artistes who have been members of the corps d'orchestre, under Mr. Winterbottom, since he arrived in these colonies. The testimonial consisted of a handsome frame, containing photographic portraits, very beautifully executed by Mr. Glaister, of Pitt-street, of Mr. Winterbottom himself (in the centre), surrounded by those of the following artistes: Mr. Eigenschenck (leader), Mr. J. Hall (second violin), Mr. Rice (viola), Mr. Vaughan (flute), Mr. Chate (basso), Mr. Prince (cornet), Mr. Seamore (trombone), and Mr. Sharp (drums); all of whom, we understand, have, with slight intermission, been connected with Mr. Winterbottom during the last nine years in his professional career in Australia. The manner in which they have thus testified their regard and sympathy for their late talented conductor, is at once appropriate and suggestive, and we doubt not, will be long cherished by the accomplished artiste to whom it has been offered, and whose departure from these colonies will create a vacuum in the musical world which it will be extremely difficult to supply.

"THE CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1861), 5 

. . . The managers of the Royal Victoria Theatre have made every effort to provide a pantomimic spectacle not below the exigencies of the occasion . . . the pantomime of Aladdin, or the Wonderful Scamp, is undoubtedly equal to anything of the kind ever yet produced in the colony . . . The music of the entire entertainment is composed and arranged by Mr. Charles Eigenschenck, the burlesque being produced under the general direction of Mr. Rayner . . .

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1862), 7

A change in the management of this theatre will take place in April next. Mr. William Dind is to become the lessee . . . the Lyster opera troupe are also to appear during the season, these engagements render the company at all times a very strong one. Mr. Eigenschenck will retain his position as leader of the orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1862), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. The sensation drama THE PEEP O' DAY, OR SAVOURNEEN DEELISH. New scenery by Mr. W. J. Wilson. Machinery by A. Wallace. Music by C. Eigenschenck . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (11 September 1863), 1 

Sole Lessee - Mr. W. S. LYSTER . . .
FRIDAY EVENING, September 11 . . .
Daring the evening, the Orchestra, under the direction of Mr. Eigenschenck, will perform, the following selections: -
Overture - Masanielo - Auber
Quadrille - Semiramide - Jullien
Selection - "Lucrezia Borgia" - Donizetti
Waltz - "Eily Mavourneen" - C. Coote
Quadrille - "Attila" - Chas. D'Albert . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1864), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Lessee and manager, Mr. James Simmonds . . .
Leader of the orchestra - Mr. Eigenschenck . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1865), 1 

Lessee and Manager, Mr. James Simmonds.
New Overture and incidental Music, arranged by Mons. Charles Eigenschenck . . .

"THE OPERA", Empire (25 April 1865), 4 

The return of the company under the direction of Mr. W. S. Lyster, will afford no small gratification to the public of Sydney . . . The band was, perhaps, never before, so complete, and, under the able directorship of Mr. George Loder, must render its music in a style never yet surpassed. Mons. Fleury is leader, assisted by Mr. C. Eigenschenck, J. Hall, Hoare, Landbory [Lundbourg] and Hodge (clarionets), Creed Royal (flute), Rice and Hart (viola and violincello), McCoy (bassoon) . . .

"THE PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", Sydney Mail (7 April 1866), 2 

. . . Thanks to Mr. Lyster's enterprise, [the opera] is brought within the range of all classes . . . The orchestra comprised nearly all the leading musicians in the colonies, including Creed Royal, Hodge, Lundborg, and Eigenshenck, the whole being under the direction of Mr. George Loder, who also acted as conductor last season . . .

{Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (16 April 1866), 16 

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (15 August 1867), 3

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE. Proprietor and Manager - Mr. J . Bartlett. To-night, THURSDAY, Aug. 15th, Great attraction for the First Benefit in Hokitika of Mr. CHARLES EIGENSCHENCK, Musical Director and Leader of the Orchestra . . . A Grand Musical Melange . . .

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (19 December 1867), 3

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (9 September 1868), 3 

DUKE OF EDINBURGH THEATRE. Sole Proprietor - Mr. J. J. Bartlett. FAREWELL COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. J. J. BARTLETT, (Prior to his departure for Dunedin,) THURSDAY EVENING, SEPT. 10 . . . A complete orchestra, under the able baton of Mr. Charles Eigenschenk, Chef d'Orchestre (from the Conservatoire Paris) - Messrs. Cullimore, Cooze, Buckingham, Dobson, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (5 November 1867), 3 

Auctioneers. THIS DAY, At 12 o'clock. BOOKS! BOOKS!! BOOKS!!! RICHARD REEVES AND CO. will sell by public auction, THIS DAY, at 12 o'clock, 300 volumes valuable Books, consisting of Novels, Standard, Historical and other works; the library of Mr. Charles Eigenschenck, who is leaving for England. Terms cash. No reserve.

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (16 December 1867), 3 

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19. At 3 o'clock. VALUABLE FREEHOLD SECTION, WITH FIRST-CLASS FAMILY RESIDENCE THEREON, North Revell street. JAMES CRAIG has received instructions from Mr. Charles Eigenschenck, to sell by Auction, on the premises, North Revell street, next the Sun Dial Hotel, on Thursday, Dec. 19, at 3 o'clock, - That substantially built and well finished Family Residence (at present in his occupation), consisting of five rooms, with kitchen detached, lined and papered throughout; together, with Freehold Section 33ft by 165ft deep, fenced in. Terms liberal, at sale. 

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (26 May 1869), 2 

The third anniversary of the Hokitika Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows was celebrated last night by a ball, held at Hanson's Assembly Rooms . . . The music was very good, a full band being provided, under the leadership of Mr. Eigenschenk, and dancing was continued until about four o'clock in the morning . . .

"PORT OF HOKITIKA . . . PASSENGERS OUTWARDS", West Coast Times (17 September 1869), 2

Per Sarah and Mary, for Melbourne - Mrs. Eigenschenck . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (4 July 1870), 4 

"ITALIAN OPERA", Star (12 December 1872), 2 

Messrs. Lyster and Cagli's Italian Opora Company commenced a season - to extend over three weeks - last evening at the Canterbury Music Hall, to a fashionable and appreciative audience. A marked improvement has taken place since the company's last visit to Christchurch . . . The orchestra is conducted by Signor Alberto Zelman, with M. Eigenschenk as leader. First violin, Mr. Leach; ripiano, Herr Richty; clarionet, Mr. Howard; flute, Mr. Royal; double bass, Mr. Brown; cornet, Mr. Hore . . .

[News], Mercury and Weekly Courier (28 February 1880), 2 

Stolen from Charles Eigenschenck, 5 Johnston-street, Fitzroy, out of the orchestra of the Opera House, Bourke-street east, Melbourne, on 16th or 17th inst., a black case, much damaged, containing two violin bows, and a very old violin, dark brown, varnish worn off back and belly, ebony chin rest on left-hand side of belly with sphinx head. Value £100.

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 March 1880), 1

EIGENSCHENCK. - On the 19th inst., at his residence, 5 Johnston-street, Fitzroy, Charles Eigenschenck, musician, aged 65 years. Deeply regretted.

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Allston Brown, A history of the New York stage from the first performance in 1732 to 1901 . . . volume 1 (New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company, 1903), 419 

[THE ASTOR PLACE OPERA HOUSE] . . . Sept. 24, 1850, the Parisian Ballet Troupe, under the direction of Robert Kemp, and a vaudeville company appeared. The debut in America was made of Mme. Celestine Frank, premier danseuse; Mlle. Victoria Frank, Mlle. Espinosa, pantomimist, and Mons. Gredule. Emily Waldegrave was also in the organization. Mr. Kreutzer and Mons. Eigenschenk were leaders . . .

Harmonium et anches libres: recherche avancée; posted 2011-12

"Charles Eigenschenck", AusStage

"EIGENSCHENCK Charles-Henri-Marie", Association des artistes musiciens, IREMUS (institut de recherche en musicologie) 

EIGENSCHENCK, Charles-Henri-Marie; Annuaire: [18]46-50; Résidence: 46-47: Orléans; No. Sociétaire: 1/746

"Charles Henry Marie Eigenschenck", Geneanet

EISEN, William (William EISEN; Herr EISEN)

Bandmaster, teacher of music, retired military bandmaster

Active Sydney, NSW, by mid 1864; until early 1866 (shareable link to this entry)


In June 1864 "Herr W. EISEN, formerly Bandmaster in South Cork Light Infantry Regiment of Militia, Dublin, and late Bandmaster in H.M.'s 7th Royal Fusiliers", evidently recently arrived from service in India, advertised for pupils on "Flute, Clarionet, Oboe, Cornet, Saxhorn, or any other wind Instruments" and in "Theory of Harmony and Musical Composition" from his residence in Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo. That month he also appeared at the Victoria Theatre in a benefit for the Hebrew Philanthropic Society, playing flute obligato Caroline Joel in Bishop's Lo! here the gentle lark.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1864), 1

VICTORIA THEATRE . . . On WEDNESDAY EVENING, June 8th, 1864, A BENEFIT In aid of the funds of the HEBREW PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETY . . . 1. Lo! Here the Gentle Lark - Bishop - With flute obligato - W. Eisen - Mrs. C. JOEL . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1864), 2

MUSIC - Herr W. EISEN, formerly Bandmaster in South Cork Light Infantry Regiment of Militia, Dublin, and late Bandmaster in H.M.'s 7th Royal Fusiliers, begs to announce that be is prepared to receive PUPILS for the undermentioned instruments, viz.: - Flute, Clarionet, Oboe, Comet, Saxhorn, or any other wind Instrument. He likewise gives instructions in Theory of Harmony and Musical Composition. For terms, apply at his residence.
299, Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo.

Sands' Sydney directory . . . 1865, 99 

[Palmer Street] 297 Eisen, William, professor of music

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1865), 12 

WANTED, PUPILS for the Flute, Oboe, Clarionet, Cornet, Saxhorn, &c. Terms, moderate. W. Eisen, 299, Palmer-street. Daytime and evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1865), 1

MR. W. EISEN gives Lessons on the Flute, Oboe, Clarionet, Cornet, &c. 299, Palmer-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1865), 1

An efficient Band has also been organised under the leadership of Herr Eisen.

ELDER, Amy (Amelia Ann NINNIS; Mrs. Thomas ELDER; Mrs. John Stanislaw GOODGER)

Amateur vocalist, composer

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1860; daughter of James NINNIS and Martha TUCKER
Married Thomas ELDER, SA, 1880
Married John Stanislaw GOODGER, SA, 1910
Died Adelaide, SA, 6 March 1912 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


{Advertisement], The Express and Telegraph (28 October 1882), 1 

"TOWN HALL CONCERT", South Australian Register (30 October 1882), 5 

"Music and the Drama", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (4 November 1882), 16 

The final popular concert of the present season took place on Saturday evening in the Town Hall before a moderate house. The surplus proceeds were to have been tendered to the amateur vocalist Mrs. T. Elder, but unfortunately, judging from the number present, the concert could hardly have cleared expenses, and the beneficiaire, who appeared twice during the evening, must have felt somewhat discouraged at the result . . . Mr. W. R. Knox, Mr. Talbot Thornton and Mrs. Elder were advantageously heard in their respective numbers; and the general musical arrangements being under Mr. Knox's direction, they were, it is almost needless to add, satisfactorily carried out.

LINKS: William Robert Knox (conductor)

[Review], The Express and Telegraph (31 July 1888), 3

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (8 August 1888), 5 

. . . A work, "The Centennial Waltz," by a local composer, Mrs. Thomas Elder, has been brought under our notice. The music is of the ordinary waltz character, the time being well marked. The printing (lithograph) is, however, full of errors, for which the composer is evidently not responsible.

Musical works:

The centennial waltz, for the pianoforte, composed by Mrs. Thomas Elder (Adelaide: Frearson, lith., [1888]) 

The exhibition rink waltz, for the pianoforte, composed by Mrs. Thomas Elder (Adelaide: Pearson's Printing House, [? c.1889]) 

ELLAR, Julius Henry (Julius Henry ELLAR; Henry Julius ELLAR; Henry ELLAR)

Amateur bass/baritone vocalist, mining speculator, forger

Born Guernsey, c. 1829
Arrived Australia, 1853 (per Sydney)
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 January 1855), 2 s

Julius Henry Ellar, of Beechworth, was informed against for this offence, and was defended by Mr. Parry . . . After a few words from the defendant's counsel, the case was dismissed, for want of sufficient evidence . . . his Worship expressing surprise that, from defendant's known conduct in a former affair before the court any one should have been found capable of being so easily duped by him.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 May 1855), 1 

Salle de Valentino, Beechworth Hotel.
BARLOW'S BENEFIT On Saturday Next, May 12,
on which occasion a host of talent will appear, comprising the following gentlemen,
being their first appearance together as
The American Minstrels,
introducing a variety of Songs, Glees, Chorusses, Catches, &c. . . .
Mr. ELLAR will sing several well-known Ballads . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

Mr. Ellar will sing Beethoven's magnificent solo, "Adelaide" acknowledged to be the most superb vocal composition in existence.

MUSIC: Adelaide (Beethoven)

Register of the Southern Cross Lodge, Tarrangower, VIC; The Library and Museum of Freemasonry^cf^i^1837-00235?pid=1488646 

1860 / October 31 / Ellar, Henry Julius / 31 / Accountant

Darlinghurst Gaol, 1867, description and entrance book; State Records Authority of NSW 

Henry Ellar / [arrived by the ship] Sydney / [in year] [18]53 / [born] Guernsey / [age] 38 . . .

"MISCELLANEOUS NEWS", The North Eastern Ensign (27 January 1874), 2

A newspaper proprietor at Albury has got into trouble. At the local police court on the 18th inst., Henry Julius Ellar, who was described on the charge-sheet as a newspaper proprietor, was charged with having, at Sydney, in the month of September, 1871, feloniously forged a promissory note for the sum of £80 . . .

"MELBOURNE GENERAL SESSIONS", The Argus (9 March 1875), 6

Julius Henry Ellar, who had pleaded guilty to three forgeries in connection with bills of exchange, was sentenced to five years for each offence, the sentences, however, to be concurrent.


ELLARD, Francis

ELLARD, Frederick (Frederic)

ELLARD, Andrew

ELLARD, William

And other members of the family

Go to main page The Ellard family

See also Maria LOGAN (ELLARD)


Alias of:

TURNER, Ellen Elizabeth (Mrs. G. R. DEBNEY; Ellen Turner DEBNEY)

Songwriter, lyricist

Died Adelaide, SA, 25 February 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"ELLIE", The South Australian Advertiser (26 February 1870), 2

"DEATH OF MRS. DEBNEY", Border Watch (2 March 1870) 2 

We regret to observe that this lady died in the prime of life on Friday last. She is best known as the writer of many graceful and tender pieces of verse under the signature "Ellie." She also possessed considerable talent as a composer of music.

Settings of her lyrics:

Hail fair Australia, words by Ellie, music by Cutolo, dedicated to the public of South Australia (Adelaide: Penman & Galbraith, [1860]) 

Song of the kooyanna, a native bird of Australia, words by "Ellie", music by Mrs. W. P. A. (Adelaide: S. Marshall, [1867]) 

The song of Australia, words by Ellie, composed & dedicated to his worship the Mayor of Adelaide by Carl Taeuber (Adelaide: J. Woodman, [1868]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Elizabeth Warburton, "Ellie" [a paper presented to a meeting of the Society on 18 July 1979], Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia 7 (1980), 62-69


Professor of Music, vocalist, pianist, organist, teacher of music, music and instrument importer and seller

Born London, England, c. 1811/14; daughter of Thomas ELLIOT (c. 1759-1832) and Ann JAMES
Married Henry ELLIOT, St. Dunstan in the East, London, England, 28 February 1839
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1839 (per Seppings, from London, 12 March)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 August 1841 (per Marys, from Adelaide, 20 August)
Died Hobart, TAS, 8 September 1858, in her 48th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Professor of Music, tanner (currier)

Born Hampton, Middlesex, England, 26 April 1814; son of John ELLIOT (c. 1777-1838) and Ann BEST (c. 1777-1835)
Married Caroline ELLIOT [sic], St. Dunstan in the East, London, England, 28 February 1839
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1839 (per Seppings, from London, 12 March)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 28 August 1841 (per Marys, from Adelaide, 20 August)
Died Hobart, TAS, 29 June 1864, aged 50 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Henry Elliot, son of the later John Elliot, currier, of Hampton, married his first cousin Caroline Elliot, daughter of the late organ builder Thomas Elliot, of London, at St. Dunstan in the East, London, on 28 February 1839. Caroline's much older sister, Mary, had married William Hill (1789-1870) in 1818, and, on her father's death in 1832, inherited the family business.

Henry and Caroline, the newly-wed couple, sailed for South Australia a fortnight later on the same ship as Henry Pounsett and his wife.

They arrived in Adelaide in June 1839.

In February 1840, with George Bennett, Charles Platts, William Edwards, and William Ewens, Caroline, billed as "A LADY", was the only woman performer in what the review described as Adelaide's "first professional concert".

Both Caroline and Henry also appeared at Bennett and Edwards's concerts on 10 February 1841, and, taking their farewell of South Australia, on 13 August.

The couple arrived in Hobart on 28 August 1841, and in late September Caroline and Joseph Reichenberg announced a concert at the theatre on 5 October. Mrs. Elliot also advertised that month as a "professor of music . . . just arrived", having been:

educated expressly for the profession, from an early period, by the best masters in London, and having devoted her time constantly to teaching.

By August 1842, Caroline was organist of St. David's church, and lived in succession at nos. 8 and 7 Liverpool-street. In 1845, at the latter address, Caroline directed the treble class of the Hobart Town Choral Society, of which she and Henry were founding members. Henry was at the time to Society's librarian, and Richard Curtis the conductor.

A letter of Henry's dated January 1848, and published in 1849, recommending colonially-built pianos made by John Williams, described him as a "professor of music". However, in the 1850s his main business was as proprietor of a tannery and a leathergoods warehouse, and later as a farmer.

After 10 years service in the post, Caroline resigned as organist of St. David's cathedral early in 1852, following her "indisposition" while pregnant with her daughter Catherine. After the birth, Caroline advertised that she was not, as rumours had it, relinquishing her profession. However Catherine's death, aged 18 months, in 1853, and the birth of another daughter, Kate, in 1854 seem to have curtailed her professional activities.

Early in 1855, the Elliots appear to have received a visit from Charles Platts and his wife. Perhaps to avoid the Tasmanian winter, Caroline and her infant daughter returned with the Platts to South Australia in April 1855, staying with them Anniescot. However, in November 1855, Kate died there, aged 16 months.

Caroline returned to Hobart in January 1856, but there is no further public record of her or Henry's musical activities.

Caroline died on 8 September 1858.

Henry died, of scarlatina, on 29 June 1864. His household effects, auctioned in August 1864, included a "harp, violoncello, music and other books".


Dr. Williams's Library Registry, Birth Certificates, 1817-1820; UK National Archives 

Henry Elliot, parish of Hampton, county of Middlesex, reg'd June 30th 1820 / [Parents] John Elliot, & Ann, daughter of William Best / . . . [born] 26th April 1814

1839, marriages solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of St. Dunstan in the East; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 95 / February 28 1839 / Henry Elliot / of full age / bachelor / Currier / 32 Bell Yard / [father's name] John Elliot / Currier
Caroline Elliot / of full age / Spinster / - / 32 Bell yard / Thomas Elliot / organ builder

Adelaide, SA (1839-41):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 July 1839), 3

June 23. - The barque Seppings, 350 tons, Captain Rawlings, from London, with 60 passengers.

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (10 July 1839), 2

Adelaide, 6th July, 1839.
DEAR SIR - We are anxious to take the earliest opportunity of conveying to you in the most public manner our warmest acknowledgments for your invariably kind and affectionate attentions, during our passage from England to this colony, in the barque "Seppings," under your command . . .
[To] CAPT. CORRY RAWLINS, Commander of the barque "Seppings" from London.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 1

CONCERT - at Mr. SOLOMON'S Rooms, in Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" - Handel.
GLEE - A LADY; Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT and EDWARDS, "Here in cool grot." - Mornington.
SONG - Mr. EDWARDS, "Mariners of England - Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr. BENNETT - Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, - "E fia Fer" - Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath." - Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth." - Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus." - Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" - Bishop.
SONG - Mr. EWENS, "Maiden, I will ne'er." - Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and Piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Zelmira" - Herz & Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS, "Would you know." - Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be had at the newspaper offices, and of Messrs. Platts and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the church.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

The first professional concert given in Adelaide on Thursday night was so successful, and so numerously attended by the most respectable inhabitants, that we confidently look forward to an early repetition of the attempt. Making due allowance for the embarrassment of first appearances, we can conscientiously say that the whole affair was worthy of most, and superior to many, similar entertainments which are "got up" in the provincial towns of England, boasting of a population double that of Adelaide. The concerted pieces were perhaps the most defective. Instrumental music admits of no mediocrity; but the songs were very respectably given. The most ambitious effort of the evening, Mercadante's duet "E, fia ver," was creditably sung by Mr. Platts and Mrs. Elliott.

MUSIC: E fia ver (Mercadante); Yes, 'tis the Indian drum (Bishop)

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (9 February 1841), 1 supplement 

BEG respectfully to inform the Gentry and Public of Adelaide and its vicinity, that their
CONCERT will take place in the large room in the South Australian Company's Building, Rundle-street, on
WEDNESDAY, February 10, 1841.
The principal Performers will be -
No pains will be spared to render the Orchestra as complete as possible.
Tickets, six shillings each, may be obtained at EDWARDS' Hotel, Stephens Place;
WATERLOO HOUSE, Hindley-street ; and Druman & HARVEY'S, Rundle-street.
the Doors will be opened at half past Seven o'clock; and the Performance will commence at Eight o'clock precisely.
The Programme will be given at the room. Stephens Place, Feb. 3, 1841.

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNET Beg to announce their intention of giving a CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC, In the large Room of the South Australian Company's buildings, Rundle-street.
ON FRIDAY, AUGUST 13th, 1841.
Principal Performers: Mrs. ELLIOT, and a Lady Amateur.
Messrs. EDWARDS, EWENS, LEE, POOLE, ELLIOT, and BENNETT, assisted by Gentlemen Amateurs.
OVERTURE - Occasional - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mr. Edwards - Arm, Arm, ye Brave - HANDEL.
QUARTETT - Mrs. Elliot, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, and Poole - Thou art gone to the Grave - GREATOREX.
AIR - Mr. Ewens - I know that my Redeemer liveth - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mrs. Elliot Comfort ye - HANDEL.
CHORUS - And the Glory - HANDEL.
PART 2nd.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Lady Amateur - With Verdure Clad - HAYDN.
ANTHEM - Lady Amateur and Mr. Ewens - Hear my Prayer - KENT.
SONG - Mr. Edwards - The Last Man - CALLCOTT.
TRIO - Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, & Bennett - Disdainful of Danger - HANDEL.
GRAND CHORUS - The Heavens are telling - HAYDN.
Tickets, 7s 6d. each, or Family Tickets to admit three, 21s. each. To be had at Edwards' Hotel, Stephens' Place.
The Concert will commence precisely at Eight o'clock.

Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) (1841-64):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF HOBART TOWN. Arrivals", The Courier (3 September 1841), 2

August 28 - the schooner Marys, Clinch, from Adelaide, 20th instant, with a general cargo - passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Elliott, Mr. Reeves, and John Marsh.

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 September 1841), 3

Pianoforte, Italian, and English Singing.
MRS. ELLIOT, Professor of Music, having just arrived, respectfully informs the Inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that she purposes giving instruction in the above accomplishments.
Mns. ELLIOT being educated expressly for the profession, from an early period, by the best Masters in London, and having devoted her time constantly to teaching, feels confident the greatest satisfaction will be given to those who may honor her with their patronage.
64, Macquarie-street, Sept. 17, 1841.

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (28 September 1841), 3

Mrs. Elliot, who has recently arrived in the colony, announces in our advertising columns her intention of giving a concert, in conjunction with Mr. Reichenburg. We have heard much of Mrs. Elliot's talent, and anticipate something really worthy the name of a concert under her superintendence. We trust she will realise our expectations by a judicious selection of the best class of music, for a neglect of this has, even more than indifferent execution, heretofore distinguished our attempts at this interesting class of entertainments.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (5 October 1841), 1 

respectfully announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that they will give a Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music at the Theatre,
THIS EVENING, October 5th, 1841, assisted by all the available Professional talent and several Amateurs. The Orchestra of string'd and wind instruments will comprise upwards of twenty performers - the whole under the superintendence of Mr. Reichenberg.
Overture to Zampa, by full Orchestra - HEROLD
Song - Della Tromba il suon guerriero, Mrs. Elliot - V. PUCITTA
Solo (Flute) - Durante and Belerma, Mr. G. Duly - KUHLAN [Kuhlau]
Glee-Three voices - CALLCOTT
Song - Go! forget me ... Mrs. Elliot - KNIGHT
Concerto Clarionett (Orchestral accompaniment) Mr. Reichenberg - BOCHSA.
Overture - L'ltaliana in Algeri, by full Orchestra - ROSSINI
Song - Pien di contento in sono - Mrs. Elliot - ROSSINI
Glee - Three voices - BISHOP
Solo (Piano) - La Parisienne - Mrs. Elliot - H. HERZ
Trio (Piano, Violin, and Violoncello) Messrs. Russell, Leffler, and Curtis - ROSSINI
Duet concertante (Piano and Clarionet) Mrs. Elliot and Mr. Reichenberg - WEBER
Finale - God save the Queen.
*** At the particular request of Colonel Elliott and the Officers of the 51st Regiment the Band of that distinguished corps will perform the two Overtures.
Tickets, 6s. each; to be had at Mr. Davis's, Stationery and Seed Warehouse, No. 23; Mr. Tegg's, Bookseller, No. 39 1/2; Mr. Hedger's, Confectioner, Elizabeth-street; Mr. Reichenberg, 25, Davey-street; and Mr. Elliot, 64, Macquarie street.
Doors will be opened at 7 o'clock, and Concert commence precisely at 8 o'clock, to enable the audience to retire in good time.
October 1, 1841.

"THE CONCERT", The Courier (8 October 1841), 3 

On Tuesday evening Mrs. Elliot and Mr. Reichenberg's Concert took place before one of the most respectable audiences we have ever seen in the Theatre. The house was appropriately prepared for the occasion; the seats in the pit covered, so as to afford the audience an opportunity of occupying this portion, which is by far the best for hearing the music to advantage; but our aristocracy could not be tempted even with agreeable appearance of the seats to sacrifice their more elevated region, the boxes. The performance on the whole was very creditable, although we still have to complain of the selection. Amongst the host of splendid compositions which are so easily accessible, and while superlatively good equally likely to please a mixed auditory, why should we have again and again repeated the familiar pieces which were presented on Tuesday evening, par example the school-piece "La Parisienne," and Bishop's eternal "Up rouse ye then?" It is true they are beautiful compositions; but are there not others equally beautiful, and much less familiar? We consider Mrs. Elliot a great acquisition to our corps musicale; she has not a sufficiently powerful voice for concert singing, strictly speaking, but she has other qualities as unusual as welcome amongst our public singers-judgment and a lady-like taste in all she does. There is no straining at violent exercises of the voice, but correctness mixed with the proper spirit of the composition. She had by far too heavy a task on Tuesday, the chief part of the performance devolving upon herself . . .

"The Concert", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (8 October 1841), 3 

The Grand Concert given by Mrs. Elliot and Mr. Reichenberg on Tuesday evening was more numerously attended than on any recent occasion. The families of most of the respectable inhabitants in the town and neighbourhood were present, and not a single place was vacant in either tier of boxes. Colonel and Mrs. Elliott with a large party occupied the centre box. It is to be regretted that some of the leaders of fashion had not the good taste to seat themselves in the pit, (the whole theatre was appropriated to box tickets) where they could have seen and heard so much more conveniently than by standing in the back rows of the boxes. As no leading families set the example the pit remained entirely unoccupied, while every other part of the house was inconveniently crowded. The performance was of the highest order, too high we apprehend for the taste of Van Diemen's Land, while old and well-known popular English pieces, rather than the Italian music of the highest order selected, would have been much more warmly received. For example, Bishop's well-known "glee" originally performed in the "Miller and his Men," induced more applause than any other of the evening. Mrs. Elliot is a superlative piano performer, and sings with great judgment. Her voice is clear and mellow, and she is constantly a great acquisition to the musical department of the island. The piano was Mr. Davis's, a very fine instrument . . .

"THE CONCERT", Van Diemen's Land Chronicle (8 October 1841), 3 

The Concert of Mrs. Elliott was very respectably attended, and the performances extremely good. The band of the 51st assisted, and proved a great attraction. Mr. Duly, the band-master, contributed his vocal and instrumental talents. Mr. Leffler played a solo on the violin, as well as assisted in the general programme of the performances. He plays with great judgment, taste, and execution. The star of the evening, Mrs. Elliott, was, we were sorry to hear, labouring under severe indisposition, and contrary to medical advice, insisted on the Concert not being postponed as was recommended. Her voice is sweet and clear, although from the causes to which We have adverted, of not sufficiently strong compass to fill the theatre. Her appearance is prepossessing, and manner lady-like, and we have no doubt of her proving a great acquisition to the musical world of Van Diemen's Land. It is evident that she is a very accomplished musician.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 March 1842), 1 

Pianoforte, Italian, and English Singing.
MRS. ELLIOT respectfully informs the inhabitants of Hobart Town, and its Vicinity, that she has removed from her late residence, No. 64, Macquarie-street, to No. 8, Liverpool-street (near the Paddock Gate) where she continues to give instruction in the above accomplishments.
March 15, 1842.

[Advertisement], The Courier (12 August 1842), 1

MRS. ELLIOT, ORGANIST of St. David's Church, respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that she continues to give instruction on the PIANOFORTE and SINGING, at her residence, No. 8, Liverpool-street, near the Paddock Gate.
August 12.

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 September 1844), 1

Notice of Removal. MRS. ELLIOT, Professor of Music, respectfully intimates to her Friends and the Public, that she has removed from her late residence, No. 8, Liverpool-street, to No. 7, the house nearly opposite, formerly occupied by Mr. T. Boot. No. 7, Liverpool-street, Sept. 17, 1844.

"HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (22 October 1844), 2 

The second public performance of this highly useful society took place on Tuesday evening last, in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, which had been obligingly lent for the occasion. The platform was fitted up as an orchestra, and the number of the performers, vocal and instrumental, were about forty. With the exception of Madame Gautrot (who lent her powerful assistance) the whole of the vocalists were amateurs, as were also many of the instrumental performers; this branch received considerable aid from the exquisite playing of Mrs. Elliott on the piano, Mr. Duly, Monsieur Gautrot, and Mr. Russell on violins, and Mr. W. H. Howson at the double bass, together with several of the excellent band of the 51st regiment, which, by the kindness of Colonel Elliott, were placed at the disposal of the Committee. The first part was Romberg's delightful ode, "The Transient and the Eternal" . . . The choruses were given with great precision and effect, and, though the number of performers was so great, the sounds were but as one "loud voice." Mr. Curtis, the conductor (a perfect musical enthusiast,) is entitled to the warmest thanks of the society and the public for his untiring exertions in maturing so useful an institution . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2 

The very name of Handel is a spell of power . . . and, in his Messiah, he has embodied, as far as they can be embodied in musical notation and the rich melody of sound, the unparalleled sufferings of the Saviour and the splendour of his triumph over death and the powers of darkness . . . we commend the judgment and tact with which the Choral Society determined to introduce the greatest of all the productions of this great master to the notice of their fellow-citizens . . . Mrs. Elliott, whose piano accompaniments it would be superfluous to praise, sang, with great sweetness, the recitative, "There were shepherds;" and infused into "Thy rebuke has broken his heart," and the succeeding air, much of the plaintive tenderness and melting pathos of which they are so eminently susceptible . . .

[2 advertisements], Colonial Times (18 March 1845), 1

THE above Society intending immediately (should a sufficient number of pupils offer) to establish their Schools for Singing, and Instrumental Music, on the principles laid down in their Annual and Supplementary Report, those wishing to avail themselves of such tuition will be so good as to send their names to the Secretary, Mr. John C. Hall, at the Advertiser office, as early as possible -stating, if Instrumental, what they wish to practice, and if Vocal, what part they would likewise wish to learn. (The Treble Class, under the direction of Mrs. Elliott, will be held at her residence, No. 7, Liverpool street, at an early period. A time of meeting will be advertised as soon as the necessary arrangements are completed. March 15, 1845.

A Lady of talent and respectability (viz Mrs. Elliott) has been engaged to teach the treble voices, which will be composed of Ladies, Girls, and Boys, all of whom must be Members of the Society, or relatives of Members . . .
LIST OF OFFICE-BEARERS . . . Librarian - Mr. Henry Elliott . . .

"'THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 October 1845), 2 

THE introduction of Judas Maccabaeus to the acquaintance of the musical amateurs of Hobart Town, furnishes another pleasing proof of the characteristic spirit and zeal of this excellent society. Their sixth public performance, on Tuesday evening, consisted entirely of selections from this fine Oratorio . . . Nor must we omit to notice the unobtrusive merits of Mrs. Elliott, evinced not only in her piano accompaniments, but in the style of unaffected and beautiful simplicity with which she took a part in some of the duets. "O lovely peace," sung by Mrs. Elliott and Master Allen, was one of the "gems" of the evening . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Observer (27 January 1846), 3 

. . . Mrs. Elliott's "If God be for us," with flute obligato, by Mr. Marshall, was a fine piece of singing, and was deservedly applauded . . .


. . . We were not a little surprised, therefore, upon inquiry into the merits of the letter of "A Parishioner," to discover, that although the account rendered by the Churchwardens states £50 (the amount of twelve months' salary) has been paid to Mrs. Elliott, the organist, there is in fact £20 yet due to that lady for her services for the year 1845 . . .

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (6 February 1846), 3 

A miscellaneous concert, "in aid of the funds of the Choral Society," was given last evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute . . . Mrs. Elliott presiding at the piano, and playing and singing in the most delightful manner possible . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3 

We are compelled to restrict our notice of the excellent performance of the Choral Society, on Tuesday evening, to little more than the expression of general Commendation . . . "O Lovely Peace," was very sweetly sung by Mrs. Elliott, and Master Allen . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 September 1846), 3

Notice of Removal. MRS. ELLIOT respectfully informs her Pupils and Friends, that she has REMOVED from her late residence in Liverpool-street to the House formerly occupied by Mrs. Logan, in Macquarie-street, opposite Albert Terrace.

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE SIR J. EARDLEY EARDLEY-WILMOT", The Courier (13 February 1847), 3 

. . . The burial service was read by the Rev. Dr. Bedford, and the responses by the Venerable the Archdeacon. Mrs. Elliott, who presided at the organ, played "The Dead March in Saul," and an appropriate psalm was sung by the vocalists of the Choral Society . . .

"THE ORATORIO", Colonial Times (19 February 1847), 3 

We regret that want of space, precludes our intended lengthened notice of the Oratorio on Tuesday night, and especially as great merit is due, individually and collectively to the performers, vocal and instrumental. The organ purchased of Bishop Nixon was opened publicly for the first time, Mrs. Elliott presiding, and so presiding in a very effective manner. This fine-toned instrument is a most valuable addition to the orchestra of the Choral Society . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S ORATORIO", The Courier (20 February 1847), 2 

THE Eleventh Oratorio of the Hobart Town Choral Society took place in the Mechanics' Institute. Melville-street, on Tuesday evening last. A brilliant overflowing audience attended upon the occasion, and may he regarded as an equivocal testimony of the enthusiastic taste for music prevailing in the city. The programme consisted of judicious selections from the compositions of Boyce, Haydn, Kent, Mozart, and Vincent Novello; but the principal and most numerous pieces were selected from the inimitable Messiah, of the immortal Handel. The organ of the society was placed under the effective control of Mrs. Elliott . . . The fugue on the organ, "Procedente ab utroque," was performed in a very efficient manner . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (26 June 1847), 3 

The Twelfth Oratorio of the Hobart Town Choral Society was given at the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute on Tuesday evening last . . . We must not omit to mention that, "O, worse than death indeed," and "Angels ever bright and fair," received ample justice from the successful efforts of Mrs. Elliott . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (2 October 1847), 2 

. . . The oratorio was conducted by Mr. Curtis; Mr. Russell was the leader, and Mrs. Elliott presided at the organ . . . The "Kyrie Eleison" of Rhigini [Righini], and Novello's "Domine Salvum" were appropriately chosen. The latter, as an organ solo, was played with considerable brilliancy and newness of style, as was the duet "Cum Sancto Spiritu" of Mozart, performed by Mrs. Elliott and Mr. Russell . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (23 November 1847), 3 

Improved Seraphines. FOR SALE - One of the above Instruments:
may be seen at Mrs. Elliott's Music Rooms, Macquarie-street.
N.B. - Upon this Instrument may be performed any music, however rapid the passages.
November 23, 1847.

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 January 1848), 1

Music. MRS. ELLIOT respectfully announces to her friends and pupils that the present vacation will terminate on Monday, the 10th instant. Macquarie-street, January 6.

"MUSICAL SOIREE - TOMORROW EVENING", The Courier (29 March 1848), 2 

The farewell concert of Mrs. Prout, under the patronage of His Excellency Sir W. and Lady Denison, takes place at the Mechanics' Institute to-morrow evening, commencing at eight o'clock. Mrs. Elliott, Mr. Imberg, and several amateurs will render their assistance; and the band of the 96th regiment, by permission of Colonel Cumberland, will be in attendance. The programme will consist of selections from Balfe, Bochsa, Herz, Haydn, and Rossini. Mrs. Prout will give, during the evening, the Bravura variations on the romance in the opera of "Joseph," and will also, with Mrs. Elliott, perform the celebrated pianoforte duett from "Guillaume Tell."

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 March 1848), 1 

MUSICAL SOIREE. (To-morrow Evening ) . . .
PROGRAMME. Part 1 . . .
3. Song - "When other Lips," Mrs. Elliott - BALFE . . .
5. Song - Italian, Mrs. Elliott - ROSSINI.
6. Solo - Organ, Mrs. Elliott - HAYDN . . .
Part 2 . . .
2. Duett - Organ, with accompaniments, Mrs. Elliott and Mrs. Prout - Arranged by Calcott . . .
4. Ballad - With Harp accompaniment, Mrs. Elliott - NELSON . . .
6. Celebrated Pianoforte Duett from "Guillaume Tell," Mrs. Prout and Mrs. Elliott - HERZ . . .

"MRS. PROUT'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (6 April 1848), 3 

. . . Mrs. Elliott sung in soft and interesting melody, the pathetic songs allotted to her, but she was evidently more nervous than usual . . .

"HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (20 April 1848), 2 

. . . O LOVELY PEACE . . . (one of Handel's) was sung with great taste and good feeling by Mrs. Elliot and Miss Duly. We were much delighted by observing His Excellency call for Mr. Curtis and ask him for an encore. We had not heard it, having just arrived, and it was at Lady Denison's and Mrs. Stanley's request he did so. It was in our opinion an evidence of their good taste for good music, a taste most admirable in women, and we all know, or ought to know, the influence of women. A heart which is dead to heavenly sounds, rely upon it, is a heart not worth owning . . .

[Advertisement], Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (23 February 1850), 4 

MANUFACTURED BY ALEXANDER AND SONS No. 10, Boulevard, Bonne Nouvelle, PARIS . . .
Mrs. H. ELLIOTT has great pleasure in informing her friends and the public, that she has received two of these beautiful instruments direct to her order, and that they can be seen at her residence in Macquarrie-street, any time after 4 o'clock, Macquarrie-street, Feb 15.

"MECHANIC'S INSTITUTE", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (3 August 1850), 3 

On Tuesday evening last W. Elliston, Esq., delivered his third lecture on "Select Dramatic Readings." The Hall of this Institution was literally crowded to excess . . . We must not forget mentioning how pleased we were with Mrs. Elliott's performance on the "Orgue-Melodium," lately received from England. This instrument imitates to perfection those generally used in the composition of large Orchestras. The delightful overture of FRA DIAVOLO was admirably executed. We hope that on Tuesday next Mrs. Elliott will again lend her brilliant talent to the eclat of the evening.

[Advertisement], The Courier (16 October 1850), 4

PIANOFORTES now on SALE at the Pianoforte Mart, 23, Elizabeth-street . . . J. WILLIAMS . . .

The following flattering TESTIMONIAL has also been received from Mr. ELLIOTT, Professor of Music, then of Liverpool-street, but now residing in Macquarie-street, Hobart Town: Hobart Town, 7. Liverpool-street, 30th January, 1846. Sir.- I have invariably found your pianofortes to be sound, substantially made instruments, and should prefer them to any imported, on account of their standing so well in tune and pitch, the failure in which particulars is the great drawback in general to English made instruments sent out to this colony. Yours truly, HENRY ELLIOTT.

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 July 1851), 3

HARMONIUMS, ex Jane. TO BE DISPOSED OF, at Mrs. ELLIOT's MUSIC ROOM, Macquarie-street, a few of the above beautiful Instruments, equally well adapted for a Church or Drawing-room. Also a small but select invoice of new MUSIC, and INSTRUCTION BOOKS for SINGING and PIANOFORTE to order. The above to be seen any day after four o'clock p.m.

1852, births in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:955886; RGD33/1/4/ no 1118 

1118 / January 17th / Catherine / [daughter of] Henry Elliott, clerk, and Catherine Elliott . . .

"ST. DAVID'S CATHEDRAL", The Courier (10 April 1852), 3 

Miss Bonney, the daughter of Mr. James Bonney, has been selected by the Churchwardens as organist at the Cathedral Church of St. David in this city. There were several candidates for the appointment, but Miss Bonney, who had been officiating for Mrs. Elliott on account of that lady's indisposition, was chosen on account of her superior musical acquirements. Miss Bonney, who is a native born Tasmanian, commenced her new career on Sunday last . . .

"New Organist", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 April 1852), 260 

Mrs. Elliott who officiated for so long a period as the organist at St. David's Cathedral having resigned that office . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 July 1852), 1 

Grand Horizontal Cottage and Piccolo Pianofortes FOR Sale, and on view at Mrs. Elliot's Music Room, Macquarie-street. The above beautiful instruments, having been imported direct to order, are confidently recommended as possessing that great desideratum of standing up to Concert pitch, combined with a rich and brilliant tone.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 September 1852), 4 

MRS. ELLIOTT, having been informed by several friends that a rumour has been spread of her having retired from the Musical Profession, she begs to contradict so unwarrantable a report, and to state to those kind friends who may feel disposed to favour her with a preference, that she continues to give instruction as usual on the Organ and Pianoforte, and in English and Italian Singing. Macquarie-street, Sept 6, 1852.

"DEATHS", The Tasmanian Colonist (21 July 1853), 2 

On the 18th July, Catherine, the daughter of Mr. Henry Elliott, Collins-street, aged 18 months.

"BIRTHS", The Tasmanian Colonist (6 July 1854), 2 

On the 2nd instant, at her residence, in Collins-st., Mrs. Henry Elliott, of a Daughter.

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (22 November 1855), 2 

On the 2nd Instant, at Anniescot, Fullarton (South Australia), Kate, the infant daughter of Mr. H. Elliott. Hobart Town, Tasmania, aged 16 months.

1858, deaths in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1222173; RGD35/1/5 no 1144$init=RGD35-1-5p264jpg 

1144 / September 8th / Caroline Elliot (died Antill Street) (born England) / female / 44 years / Tanner's Wife / Aneurism / . . .

"DEATH", The Courier (9 September 1858), 2

On the 8th September, CAROLINE, the beloved wife of Henry Elliott, of Anglesea-street Tannery, in the 48th year of her age.

1864, deaths in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1225536; RGD35/1/7 no 4512$init=RGD35-1-7p038 

4512 / 29th June / Henry Elliot Died Anglesea Street (Born England) / 50 years / Tanner / Scarlatina . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (2 July 1864), 1

ELLIOT. - June 29th, at his residence, Anglesea-street Tannery, after a short illness, Henry Elliot, Esq., aged 50 years. The funeral will take place on Saturday morning at 10 o'clock.

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY ELLIOT", The Mercury (2 July 1864), 2 

We were somewhat in error in stating yesterday that Mr. Henry Elliot, tanner, had expired suddenly. We now learn that Mr. Elliot had been suffering from a severe attack of Scarlatina for some days, and on Tuesday last called in the assistance of Dr. Crowther. The disease had, however, then obtained severe hold of him, and he gradually sank under it, expiring about seven o'clock on Wednesday evening.

"THE LATE MR. H. ELLIOT", The Mercury (9 July 1864), 2 

It is the intention, we understand, of the Rev. G. Clarke, to preach a sermon at the Congregational Church, Davey-street, having special reference to the death of the late Mr. Elliot, to-morrow evening.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 August 1864), 4

FRIDAY, August 19th, At half-past 11, Macquarie-street - on the premises belonging to the late Mr. Henry Elliott. Surplus household furniture, harp, violoncello, music and other books; gas-fittings, utensils in trade, machinery, cart horse, carts, harness, hay, cows, and many valuable and useful trading with domestic articles. MR. WORLEY Will sell by auction, without reserve . . . HARP, violoncello, guitar, bound and loose music, a small collection of varied literature, relics, curiosities, &c. . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"WESTMINSTER ABBEY ORGAN", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1829), 4 

NOTE: On Caroline's father, Thomas Elliot

Elliot, Caroline; Colonial Tasmanian family link details; Tasmanian Archives

Elliot, Henry; Colonial Tasmanian family link details; Tasmanian Archives

Elliot, Henry; Colonial Tasmanian family link details; Tasmanian Archives

"Thomas Elliot, English organ builder", posted 28 May 2013 

ELLIOTT, Alexander (Alexander ELLIOTT; Mr. A. ELLIOTT; Alexander ELLIOT)

Professor of dancing, violinist, publican, victualler, land owner

Born Limerick, Ireland, c. 1808, son of Edward ELLIOT (c.1770-1838, convict per Brampton, 1823) and Mary SHAUGHNESSY (c.1783-1858)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 June 1829 (assisted free, per Eliza, from Cork, Ireland, 2 March)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1829-31
Married (1) Frances CULLEN (born MURPHY c. 1809-1845), Catholic chapel, Sydney, NSW, 3 June 1833
Married (2) Isabella BRADY (c. 1823-1877), Sydney, NSW, St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 17 January 1846
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 December 1879, in his "72nd year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Alexander Elliott, son of Edward Elliott (d. 1838, a convict per Brampton, 1823), was brought to the colony in a shipment of 11 free Irish boys joining their convict parents, who arrived toward the end of June 1829.

A month later, Elliott advertised that, "lately arrived in this Colony", he was offering to teach "the following Dances: a Selection of the most fashionable and popular Quadrilles, comprising 43 sets, Waltzes, Minuets, Country Dances" and to "play on the Violin for his Pupils if necessary".

In 1830, the Gazette reported that he had "inherited the greater number" of the late Thomas Brunton's pupils, and that he "continues to hold his academy at Sandwell's large room, Castlereagh street".


Letter, from James McTernan, surgeon superintendent of the Eliza, Sydney, 22 June 1829, to Alexander MacLeay; State Records Authority of NSW 

[Annotation]: 29/4911- 23 June 1829] Eliza Transport, Sydney, 22nd June 1829
Sir, agreeably with the commands of his Excellency I have the honor to transmit a list of the free Boys who came from Ireland under my superintendance . . .

[From County] Limerick / Alexander Elliott / [age] 20

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 June 1829), 2 

Arrived, on Saturday morning [20 June], from Cork, which place she left on the 2d of March, the ship Eliza, Captain Nicholas, with 173 male prisoners. Surgeon Superintendent, James McTernan, Esq. R. N. The guard comprises a detachment of the 40th Regiment, under the orders of Lieutenant Sweeney. Passengers, Mr. Edward Wall, and 11 free boys to join their parents.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 July 1829), 3

MR. A. ELLIOTT, a Professor of DANCING, who lately arrived in this Colony, begs leave to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that he intends to give Instructions in this line of his profession, such as he trusts will acquire for him, an adequate share of patronage and support.
Mr. E. teaches the following Dances; a Selection of the most fashionable and popular Quadrilles, comprising 43 sets Waltzes, Minuets, Country Dances, &c.
Private Families and Academies attended on reasonable terms - Attendance in the interior if required; Terms to be made known at No, 72, Kent-street, where any commands to him may be delivered, or at Mr. George Tate's, No. [?] George street.
N.B. Mr. E will play on the Violin for his Pupils if necessary.
Sydney July the 26th, 1829.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 June 1830), 2 

We understand that a Mr. Elliott, who has recently arrived in the Colony, has offered himself to the public as a professional dancing master, and teaches that polite accomplishment in the most modern style, which gives the young ladies and gentlemen of Australia every opportunity of making themselves perfect in that gay and fashionable amusement.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 August 1830), 2

Mr. Elliot, the professor of dancing, who has now under his tuition the greater number of the late Mr. Brunton's pupils, continues to hold his academy at Sandwell's large room, Castlereagh-street. We are ourselves not qualified to pronounce any opinion with respect to Mr. Elliot's abilities as a teacher; but, we are informed that "the honour of his company" is very earnestly desired by the good folks of Parramatta and Liverpool, whenever he can make it convenient to attend.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1830), 1

MR. ALEXANDER ELLIOTT begs to express to his Friends and the Public his grateful acknowledgments for the liberal share of their patronage he has experienced as a
PROFESSOR of DANCING, and to assure them that it shall be his study to merit a continuance of their favour, by his best endeavours to improve those Pupils with whose instruction he may be honoured. -
Mr. E. is desirous to intimate to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that he has engaged extensive apartments, at Mr. W. B. Suttor's, Apothecary, No. 61, George-street, where he will give instructions from 4 until 8 o'clock in the Evening, on Mondays and Thursdays, to commence on the 3d of January next. Seminaries and private tuitions attended to, as usual, in this Town, or, according to engagement, in any of the Towns within 30 miles of it.
To be taught by him, in the best modern style, quadrilles, waltzes, minuettes, pantomines, pantras, cotillions, circles, hornpipes, country dances, &c. &c. &c.
Sydney, 7th Dec. 1830.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 August 1831), 1 

MR. A. ELLIOTT respectfully begs leave to acquaint his Patrons and the Gentry of Sydney and its vicinity generally, that he has removed his ACADEMY for DANCING to his Residence,
the York Cottage,
(next to Quarter Master LLOYD'S, 39th Regiment),
York-street, where his best exertions shall continue to be unremittingly employed, in order to secure to him a continuance of that distinguished Patronage with which his Professional labours have hitherto been rewarded. Attendance on the Evenings of Wednesdays and Saturdays, from Six to Half-past Eight O'Clock.
SEMINARIES and Private Families attended as usual.
Sydney, August 17, 1831.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 July 1832), 3 

Immediately opposite to the School of Industry, Macquarie-street,
BEGS leave to return his sincere thanks to his numerous and most respectable Patrons, for the very liberal support he has hitherto experienced in the line of his Profession, and to assure them that no exertion of his shall be spared in order to merit a continuance of it.
Public attendance on the Evenings of Monday's and Thursdays, from 6 to 9 o'Clock.
Seminaries and Private Families attended as usual.
N. B. - Mr. E. will be happy to wait on such Ladies and Gentlemen as may be desirous of taking private Lessons at his Academy.
Sydney, July 14, 1832.

"Death", Evening News (19 December 1879), 2 

ELLIOTT. - December 18, at 97, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, Alexander Elliott, formerly of Wollongong, in the 72nd year of his age.

Bibliography and resources:

Alexander Elliott (c. 1809-1879), WikiTree 

Edward Elliott (c. 1771-1838), WikiTree 

ELLIOTT, Joseph (Joseph ELLIOTT)

Composer, music publisher, newspaper editor

Born England, 13 November 1833
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 17 February 1851 (per Pestonjee Bomanhee, from London and Plymouth, 30 October 1850)
Died Strathalbyn, SA, 21 May 1883, aged 49 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Joseph Elliott, c. 1860; State Library of South Australia

Joseph Elliott, c. 1860; State Library of South Australia


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (18 February 1851), 2

Monday, February 17 - The barque Pestonjee Bomanjee, 594 tons, Pavey, master, from London, and Plymouth 30th October. Passengers - Dr. Canot (surgeon-superintendent) . . . Joseph Elliott . . .

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (4 August 1851), 2

On Saturday, August 2nd, at Christchurch, North Adelaide, by the Rev. W. J. Woodcock, Joseph Elliott to Miss Elizabeth A'Court.

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (14 April 1854), 2

On the 12th instant, at St. John's Church, by the Rev. J. C. Bagshawe, Mr. Joseph Elliott, of North Adelaide, to Rebecca Anna, eldest daughter of Christopher Kearns, Esq., architect, of Anna Villa, County of Dublin.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 December 1858), 1 

Just Published, Price 2s. 6d., NEW COLONIAL MELODY - "BYGONE DAYS," Music and Words by J. E., North Adelaide. May be had of all Book and Music sellers.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Register (5 December 1861), 1

"MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (6 December 1861), 3

Mr. Joseph Elliott, already favorably known to the colonial public as the author of the melody entitled "By-gone Days," has added to his former productions a pretty piece of dance music entitled "The Adelaide Schottische." It is a lively and pleasing composition, and is very creditably got up by Messrs. Penman & Galbraith, whose skill in this department needs no eulogy.

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

A collection of the musical pieces composed and published in the colony would form quite a volume. We remember to have seen the productions of Mrs. A. J. Murray, Signor Cutolo, Herr Linger, Miska Hauser, Mrs. H. F. Price, Messrs. Draeger, O. F. V. Reyher, E. K. Daniel, W. C. Oldham, H. Pounsett, and J. Elliott An addition to the list has recently been made by the publication of "The Adelaide Schottische," composed by Mr. Joseph Elliott, lithographed in Messrs. Penman & Galbraith's best style, respectfully dedicated to the ladies of South Australia, and sold at an unusually low price. The music is arranged for the pianoforte, and will be found to combine the elements of simplicity and originality, without at all sacrificing the fuoco - the animated and playful style belonging to dance music. There are two or three instances in which the strict rules of composition are overlooked, which it would be well to correct in a future edition. These are, however, but very slight defects, and do not perceptibly detract from the general effect.

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (13 August 1869), 2

No. 28 of the Adelaide Miscellany contains a new song, the words of which are by Clotilde, and the music by Mr. Joseph Elliott. It is in D major, with a pianoforte accompaniment. The air is simple and pleasing, and within the range of an ordinary soprano voice.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (13 August 1869), 2

The new number of the Adelaide Miscellany contains an original song, entitled "Unforgotten, Though Afar;" words by Clotilde; music by Joseph Elliot.

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (13 September 1869), 2

The Adelaide Miscellany, No. 30, contains another piece of original music by Mr. Joseph Elliott, entitled the "Song of the Bell." It will probably become the song of the belle in drawing-room circles, for which it is more suitable than for the concert-room. Every lover of original music should purchase a copy.

"BYGONE DAYS", South Australian Register (16 July 1873), 5

The sixth edition of this pleasing melody, of which the words and music are by Mr. Joseph Elliott, has just been published by the author. It is clearly printed from musical type, and has an elegant title-page.

"MUSIC", South Australian Register (17 November 1875), 5

Mr. Joseph Elliott has just issued a new edition of his pretty song "Unforgotten though Afar." It has been very neatly printed from movable type, and forms a suitable and uniform companion to his "Bygone Days."

"STRATHALBYN. May 18", The South Australian Advertiser (19 May 1883), 6

Mr. Joseph Elliott, of this town, brother of the late Mr. Jas. Elliott, of Kapunda, whose decease was so lately chronicled and proprietor of the Southern Argus, is so seriously ill that but slight hope is entertained of his recovery. Everything that medical skill can suggest has been done to avert serious consequences, but the worst is feared. Regret is felt throughout the district.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (22 May 1883), 4

ELLIOTT. - On the 21st May, at Strathalbyn, after a painful illness, Joseph Elliott, J.P., aged 49 years.

"DEATH OF MR. JOSEPH ELLIOTT, J. P.", South Australian Register (23 May 1883), 2s

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Joseph Elliott, J.P., editor and proprietor of the Southern Argus, Strathalbyn, and brother of the late Mr. James Elliott, J.P., of the Kapunda Herald, who died only a few days ago, and the news of whose death reaching his brother when the latter was suffering from a prior illness, brought on an attack of brain fever, to which he eventually succumbed. Mr. Joseph Elliott was only forty-nine years of age at the time of his death. He arrived in the colony in 1853, being then 18 years old. He was first employed on the Register, and subsequently in the jobbing department connected with this office. Leaving that position, he opened printing-offices on his own account in Gawler-place and Rundle-street. He afterwards purchased the Southern Argus, which he greatly improved, and continued to conduct it at Strathalbyn till the day of his death. During his residence there he interested himself greatly in all matters connected with the town, of which he was recently elected one of the Councillors. In this capacity, as well as in other offices which he filled, Mr. Elliott worked energetically, and his services will be much missed by those amongst whom he has lived respected so long. He was an enthusiastic musician, and was in this connection best known, perhaps, as the composer of a popular little song entitled "Bygone Days." He was a member of the Town Council of Strathalbyn. He had been for a long time in weak health. He was twice married, and leaves six children, three of whom are grown up.

"THE LATE MR. JOSEPH ELLIOTT, J. P.", Southern Argus (24 May 1883), 2-3 

. . . Mr. Elliott came to the colony in the Temora in 1852, his brother James accompanying him, and settled in Adelaide, where he resided for many years, being employed for a very long period at the Register Office, where he occupied a responsible position for a number of years. Later on Mr. Elliott joined Mr. W. C. Sims in establishing a business in the city, which, however, did not prove very successful, and eventually be started on his own account, gradually working to the front . . .

. . . Mr. Elliott was a most enthusiastic musician, and a composer of some note, much of his music being extremely popular, including the songs "Bygone Days," "Unforgotten," "The Song of the Bell," "Visions of Youth," and others, and several pieces of dance and sacred music. The success of the first named song rivalled that of almost any ever published, upwards of three thousand copies having been sold in this colony alone. Mr. Elliott, many years ago, imported a complete fount of music type, with which to publish the Musical Herald which he owned and edited. This fount was then the only one in Australia, and at the present time the only one in this colony, as well as the largest and most complete in the continent. The Herald did not prove a success, very few musical people being found amongst the early settlers, and after a short existence it vanished from the journalistic world, to be succeeded in time by the Adelaide Miscellany, which he also launched and conducted. This was far more successful, and for several years had a very popular run . . .

Musical works and publications:

Bygone days, ballad, music and words by J. E. (North Adelaide: Author, [1858]) 

For later editions, see: 

The Adelaide schottische, composed and respectfully dedicated to the ladies of South Australia by Joseph Elliott (Adelaide: printed by Penman & Galbraith, 1861) 

Unforgotten, though afar! (song; first edition, musical supplement to The Adelaide miscellany 14 (12 August 1869) 

The song of the bell (song; musical supplement to The Adelaide Miscellany 15 (9 September 1869) 

See also The Adelaide miscellany (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Elliott, Our home in Australia: a description of cottage life in 1860 . . . introduction and architectural commentary by Stefan Pikusa; foreword by Brian Elliott (Sydney: Flannel Flower Press, 1984) 

[Robert Illing Collection], "A gift within a gift", The University of Melbourne Library Journal 3/1 (June 1997)

ELLIS, Mr. (1) (Mr. ELLIS)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1834-35 (shareable link to this entry)


According to the Monitor, Ellis and Charles Bonnar "pretty well murdered" the old duet How sweet in the woodlands (by Dr. Henry Harrington of Bath) at bandmaster Thomas Lewis's concert in December 1834, at which, with Maria Taylor, they were the principal vocal talent.

With Maria Taylor, Ellis also sang Bishop's duet As it fell upon a day.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 December 1834), 1 

PART I . . .
2. Glee, Three Voices - "Merrily Bounding o'er the Sea" - Godbe . . .
8. Duet - "As it fell upon a Day" - Mrs. Taylor and Mr. Ellis - Bishop
9. Glee, Four Voices - "Hail smiling Morn" - Do. . . .
PART II . . .
2. Glee, 4 voices - "Foresters Sound the Cheerful Horn" - Bishop . . .
6. Duet - "Sweet in the Woodlands" - Mr. Bonner and Mr. Ellis . . .
9. Glee, three voices - "Mynheer Van Duncho" - Bishop . . .
Finale - "God save the King" . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17 December 1834), 3

. . . "Sweet in the Woodlands," by Messrs. Bonner and Ellis, was good" . . .

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

. . . How Sweet in the Woodlands, was pretty well murdered by Measrs. Bonner and Ellis . . .

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

. . . an Irish song, by Mr. Ellis, was received with rapturous applause . . .

"CONCERT", The Alfred (23 January 1835), 2 

. . . A ludicrous song was sung by a Mr. Ellis, which seemed to amuse the audience exceedingly; all we can say of it is, that the singer did not appear to want a modest assurance, a very necessary qualification . . .

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

On Tuesday evening Mr. Gordonovitch gave his first concert at the Pulteney Hotel in a style of magnificence unprecedented by any musical entertainment hitherto attempted in the Colony . . . The principal singers were Mrs. Taylor, a young lady, Master Horne, Mr. Aldis, Mr. Ellis, and Mr. Knowles. The choruses were by the choir of the Roman Catholic Chapel. In all there were twenty-seven singers, and the incomparable band of the 17th Regt. . . . A Mr. Ellis favored the company with a comic song, which if it was not exactly according to concert etiquette, served, at all events, to enliven the scene. The audience seemed to relish it vastly. But whether they were laughing with Mr. E. or at him., we hardly know . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3

Mrs. Taylor gave her Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Saloon of the Pulteney Hotel, to rather a thin house, scarcely sufficient we should think to cover the expenses. The performers were Mesdames Taylor, Boatwright, and Child, and Messrs. Simmons, Ellis, Gordonovitch, and Bonner . . .

ELLIS, Mr. (2) (Mr. ELLIS)

Violinist, violin player, ? vocalist

Active Maitland, NSW, 1854-56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 September 1854), 2 

Grand Evening Concert. MR. F. E. LEES'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT, to he held at the Court House, East Maitland, on WEDNESDAY EVENING, the 6th of September, 1854 . . .
4. - Solo, "Violin" - Le Tremolo - L. E. Beethoven [sic] - Mr. ELLIS . . .
10. - Air Varie, on "Violin" - De Beriot - Mr. ELLIS.
PART II . . .
2. - Solo, Violin - "The last Rose of Summer" - Mr. ELLIS . . .
8. - "Old English Air," on Pianoforte, with brilliant variations, "O dear what can the matter be" -
Mr. F. E. LEES - accompanied by Mr. ELLIS on the Violin . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 June 1855), 3 

Concerts in Aid of the Patriotic Fund.
THE First, will take place This Evening (WEDNESDAY), June 13th, at the Rose Inn, West Maitland.
1ST PART . . . 7. Duett - piano and violin, De Beriot and Osborne), Messrs. Kellermann and Ellis.
2ND PART . . . 6. Solo - violin - De Beriot - Mr. Ellis . . .

HUNTER NEWS . . . CONCERT IN AID OF THE PATRIOTIC FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1855), 5 

. . . The piano and violin duet of Messrs. Kellerman and Ellis was executed with a skill which brought down a rapturous encore; and the violin solo of Mr. Ellis, in which he introduced "The Last Rose of Summer," was most tastefully performed, shewing the greatest delicacy in the fingering . . .

"M. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 June 1856), 2 

On Saturday evening M. Boulanger, assisted by Messrs. Kellermann and Ellis, entertained at the Court House, East Maitland, an audience, which in point of numbers, was certainty unworthy of the occasion . . . Mr. Ellis played several solos on the violin, which were deservedly encored, and any comment on the well-known skill of that gentleman, as a violinist, would be almost superfluous on our part . . .

ELLIS, David Henry (David Henry ELLIS; Dr. D. H. ELLIS)

Musician, tenor vocalist, church musician, composer, precentor, music examiner, adjudicator

Born Cwm, Flintshire, Wales, 25 November 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, early January 1881
Departed NSW, May 1891 (for England)
Died Lincoln, England, 1902, aged 66 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"RELIGIOUS", Launceston Examiner (25 January 1886), 2 

The Rev. Dr. D. H. Ellis, L.L.D., Precentor of Goulbourn Cathedral, New South Wales, who has been on a visit to Tasmania for some time past, gave so much pleasure by a discourse at St. Paul's prior to visiting Hobart that on his return a few days ago from the capital he was requested to preach again at St. Paul's, and also at Trinity, and acceded, being listened to by large congregations at both churches yesterday. Dr. Ellis, who has a high reputation not only as a preacher, but as a vocalist, he holding the degree of Bachelor of Music, arrived in New South Wales from England over five years ago, and was at first attached to St. Andrew's Cathedral, in Sydney, subsequently removing to Newcastle, and recently to Goulburn, where he now holds the position of Precentor at St. Saviour's Cathedral . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1889), 11 

We have received from the Rev. Dr. Ellis, precentor of Goulburn Cathedral, a copy of his "Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis" in the key of C. The music is simple and unpretentious; but it is tuneful and fairly devotional its style. The words of the Evensong Canticles are set, for the most part, in plain four-voice harmony, and in no place is there anything difficult of execution. The "service" is well within the capabilities of ordinary choirs, and it may prove acceptable in many churches where more ambitious settings would be out of the reach of the choristers. That the harmony and part-writing are generally correct is only what might be expected, seeing that the composer is a "Mus. Bac." The compositions are published by Wickins and Co., of London. The printing is neat and plain, but there are occasional passages which seem ambiguous, as no directions are given whether they are intended to be performed vocally as "pneuma)," without words - or to be played on the organ.

"Local and General", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (17 January 1891), 5 

WE are in receipt of a Christmas anthem composed by the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.D., L.L.D., Mus. Bac., entitled "Behold, a Virgin shall conceive and bear a son." The anthem was composed for parish choirs, and the music, though simple, is a worthy addition to the antiphonal harmony of the great and joyous festival of the Christian year.

"Presentation to Dr. Ellis", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (23 May 1891), p. 8. (Second sheet) 

Just prior to the departure of Dr. Ellis from Morpeth on Saturday last, a number of his friends assembled at the Commercial Bank and presented him with an address . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (14 March 1892), 7 

"EXAMINATION IN MUSIC", The Age (14 June 1894), 5 

. . . As to the good work being done in the parent colony, the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.A. LL.D., Mus. Bac., said, when speaking at Lincoln in March last that from his experience in Sydney, of whose cathedral he was precentor some years ago, Trinity College had done more for the cause of music there than anything else he knew of, and that nearly as many candidates now presented themselves for examination in Sydney as in London. It is hardly reasonable to suppose that Melbourne will be less appreciative than Sydney in taking advantage of the opportunities for examination now that they are within their reach. The examinations are open to all without distinction of age, sex or creed.

"OBITUARY", Leeds Mercury [England] (27 December 1902), 16

The Rev. David Henry Ellis, Vicar of St. Botolph's Church, Lincoln, died on the 19th inst. Dr. Ellis, who had the unusual sequence of University degrees, M.A., B.D., LL.D., and Mus.Bac., was a Welshman, and had held the precentorship of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney, N.S.W.. Aged 65.

Bibliography and resources:

Brown and Stratton 1897, British musical biography, 138 

ELLIS, Eliza Stewart (Eliza Stewart KIPLING; Mrs. Stewart ELLIS; Mrs. F. R. ELLIS)

Vocalist, choral class conductor, music teacher

Married Frederick Richard ELLIS, VIC, 1857
Active (as Mrs. STEWART ELLIS), Bendigo, VIC, from 1859
Died Carlton, Melbourne, VIC, 20 January 1898 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Query ? = Eliza STEWART (vocalist, pianist) (shareable link to this entry)

ELLIS, Frederick Richard (Mr. F. R. ELLIS)

Amateur vocalist and instrumentalist

Born Greenwich, England; baptised St. Albans, 1 October 1822; son of Samuel ELLIS and Mary Ann WALTON
Arrived VIC, 1852
Died Eaglehawk, VIC, 5 December 1891 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Age (14 March 1859), 1 


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (10 November 1859), 1 

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (7 March 1860), 3 

"MRS. ELLIS'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1865), 2 

The concert at the Temperance Hall last evening by Mrs. Ellis's class, assisted by several lady and gentlemen amateurs, proved very successful. The attendance was numerous. The first part of the concert consisted selections from Hayden's "Creation," in which Mrs. Ellis acquitted herself excellently well. The opening chorus, "The Marvellous Work," was sung steadily and with good effect, better indeed than any of the succeeding choruses . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (24 December 1860), 1 

"POPULAR CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (24 September 1873), 2 

. . . The next popular concert, we understand, will include selections from "Lucrezia Borgia," "Ernani," and "Rigoletto," and Mrs. Ellis and Mr. Kennedy will be amongst the vocalists.

"DEATH OF MR. FREDERICK R. ELLIS", The Bendigo Independent (5 December 1891), 4 

. . . He entered the service of the Mining Department in 1863, and was well and favorably known amongst all classes. In the earlier days it will be remembered that with his talented wife and others, they were active in getting up penny readings, recitations and concerts on behalf of the Sandhurst Mechanics Institute, then a small wooden building. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis were accomplished vocalists and instrumentalists, and 20 years ago, no concert was complete without them. Mr. Ellis after a few years' service in Sandhurst, was promoted to the Eaglehawk, Huntly and Raywood district, and had charge of the courts there up to about the middle of this year. He was born at Greenwich, near London, of a good family, and in 1852 left for Australia; to try his luck on the diggings. Like pretty nearly everyone in those days he worked as a digger, first at McIvor and then at Bendigo, till he was appointed warden's clerk in 1863 . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 January 1898), 1 

LLIS.—On the 20th January, at her residence, Rathdown-street, Eliza Stewart Ellis, relict of the late F. R. Ellis, C.P.S., Eaglehawk.

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (26 January 1898), 2 

. . . The deceased was well-known in this district, and at one time was a prominent member of St. Kilian's choir.

Bibliography and resources:

George Mackay, The history of Bendigo (Melbourne: Ferguson & Mitchell, 1891), (174) 175 

. . . Mr. William Brown, the well-known solicitor, now practising in [175] Melbourne, took an active part, along with his brother, Mr. T. Brown, in the inauguration of the Liedertafel. Mr. W. Brown always took a warm interest in matters musical, and for many years was one of the most prominent singers in the district. Contemporary with him in the sixties were Mrs. Betham and Mrs. Ellis, and in the seventies, Mrs. A. E. B. Casey. Messrs. M. and F. Macoboy are among the leading members of the Liedertafel, and the former is its president . . .

ELLIS, Mr. and Mrs. G. (Mr. and Mrs. G. ELLIS)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Age (24 January 1857), 6 

NATIONAL-HOTEL MUSIC HALL, Bourke street east, Near the Parliament Houses. The following artists are engaged:
MADAME LEON NAEJ, The celebrated artiste from the Grand Opera, Paris, who will this evening sing La Bayadere and the Marseillaise, in costume, Mrs. W. H. STONE, Late of the London Concerts, her first appearance in the colonies, who with Mr. Ellis will introduce Comic Duets, Sketches, &c.
Mrs. G. ELLIS, The pleasing vocalist.
Mr. G. ELLIS, The popular comic vocalist.
Mr. KITTS, The admired basso, late of the Theatre Royal.
Mr CHAMBERS, Characteristic Dancer.
Pianist and Conductor - Mr. E. J. Piper.
Proprietor - W. Hutchinson.
Admission Free.

ELLIS, James (James ELLIS)

Musical and theatrical entrepreneur, concert manager

Born England, c. 1813
Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 9 January 1874, in the 62nd year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The theatrical programme and entr'acte [London, England] (July 1849), [unpaginated] 

"COURT OF RELIEF FOR INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London gazette (5 September 1851), 2288 

On Monday the 22nd September 1851, at Ten o'Clock precisely, before Mr. Commissioner Phillips. James Ellis, formerly of Cremorne House, Cremorne Gardens, King's-road West, Chelsea, Licensed Victualler and Tavern Keeper, afterwards of No. 17, Oxford-terrace, King's-road, Chelsea, out of business, afterwards of No. 15, Westbourne-street, Pimlico, and of the Refreshment Rooms, Chinese Collection, Albert-gate, Knightsbridge, Confectioner, all in Middlesex, and late of the Flora Gardens, Nos. 1 and 2, Brunswick-place, Wyndham-road, Camberwell, Surrey, Retailer of Beer and Confectioner.


The celebrated Mr. Ellis, the well-known caterer for public amusement at Cremorne Gardens, the Flora Gardens, and other popular places of amusement, has just sailed from Plymouth in the Coldstream, for Port Philip. Mr. Ellis takes with him scenery, properties, and the necessary adjuncts for a portable theatre, to be erected at the diggings, a complete band of musicians, and a Thespian company. Mr. Ellis was the originator of casinos in the metropolis, and proposes to introduce them into Geelong and Melbourne, and thus combine pleasure with gold-seeking.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1852), 5 

VICTORIA INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. THE Judges of live stock are particularly requested to be kind enough to attend at the Cattle Market, Melbourne, when the stock will be exhibited, on Wednesday next, the 15th inst. . . .
A professor of music will preside at the pianoforte, and refreshments will be supplied by Mr. Ellis, the late proprietor of the Cremorne Gardens, near London.
W. LE SOUEF, Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1853), 3 

GRAND BALL. Protestant Hall, January 6th.
MR. JAMES ELLIS, late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., London, has the honor to announce his intention, in conjunction with Mr. J. Winterbottom, of Jullien's band, to give a series of Grande Soirées Musicales et Dansantes, the first of which will take place on Thursday, January 6th.
The orchestra will comprise several of the most eminent performers recently arrived.
Conductor - Mr. J. Winterbottom.
The repertoire will consist of the choicest compositions of Larner, Strauss, Labitzsky, Musard, Tolbecque, Bosissio, Jullien, &c.
Dancing to commence at Nine o'clock.
Tickets - Half-a-guinea, to be had of Mr. Jacobs, bazaar, Collins-street and at the Hall.
The holder of each ticket will have the privilege of introducing a lady.
Refreshments the most recherché, at moderate charges.


[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT. Circus, top of Bourke-street, east. IMMENSE ATTRACTION, On MONDAY EVENING, 21st Instant. MR. JAMES ELLIS, late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., of London, and promoter of these popular Concerts in Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr. Winterbottom, has the honor to introduce to his numerous friends and patrons, that his BENEFIT is fixed as above, on which occasion will be given a GRAND MONSTER CONCERT, Supported by nearly One Hundred Performers. The whole will be arranged that the tout ensemble shall present the best Concert ever given in the colony. The Vocal and Instruments corps will on this occasion be strengthened, so as to include all the first talent in Melbourne. By the kind permission of Colonel Valiant, the splendid Band of the 40th Regiment, conducted by Mr. Johnson, will lend their valuable assistance. GRAND SELECTIONS from POPULAR OPERAS, by the best composers, will form part of the Programme. The GREAT EXHIBITION QUADRILLES introducing the Music of All Nations, will be given with all the extraordinary effects which elicited so much wonder and applause on its first representation. The following artists will have the honor to appear on this occasion -

Principal Vocalists: -
Mrs. Harriet Fiddes,
Mrs. Hancock,
Miss Lewis,
Mr. Gregg,
Mr. C. Walsh,
Mr. Hancock.
Principal Instrumentalists: -
Mr. Hartigan, ophecleide,
Mr. Johnson, clarionet,
Mr. Thatcher, flute,
Mr. Tucker, violin,
Herr Elze, contra-basso,
Signor Mattei, cornet-a-piston,
Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon.

In consequence of the disappointment experienced on Monday last, by hundreds who were unable to obtain admission, an early application for tickets is necessary, as a limited number only will be issued. Doors open at Seven o'clock precisely. Dress circle - Five Shillings, Promenade - Half a Crown. In compliance with the request of numerous ladies and families, patrons of these Concerts, Smoking will not be permitted.

"THE AUSTRALIAN GOLD DIGGINGS", Leeds Times [England] (11 June 1853), 3

The Melbourne correspondent of the Liverpool Albion writes voluntarily . . . we cannot but read his communications with pleasure. He gives us an expansive and originally written summary about matters and prospects the antipodes. Dating his letter, Melbourne, Feb. 10, he says: - "Immigrants continue to pour in and all who are fit and efficient become absorbed. The majority at once start off for the mines . . .

Talking of places of resort reminds me of the recreations afforded by Melbourne. I must needs confess they are but scanty. The principal is the performance of the band of the 40th Regiment, now quartered here, at five o'clock on the evenings of every Monday and Friday, (weather permitting,) Batman's-hill. The attendance is generally very respectable and numerous; and the music such as our unrivalled military only can furnish. There are weekly concerts at the Mechanics Institution, where a company of Ethiopian serenaders have lately exhibited before delighted and crowded audiences, the lowest rate of admission being four shillings each. There are also other occasional concerts during the week. But foremost among this class of entertainment must be included the promenade concerts, a la Jullien, recently commenced at Rowe's Circus, by Ellis, of Cremorne notoriety. He came out here with the intention of going to the diggings, but finding that by no means despicable diggings were to had in Melbourne he at once commenced with the prospecting implements used in his line - trombones, saxhorns, and kettle-drums - and succeeded in discovering that very satisfactory gold mines were deposited the Melbourne citizens' pockets. The charge, however, is too low, only one shilling, and that prevents the company being select as one could wish. We shall soon, however, have no occasion to complain of paucity of amusements, for Mr. Ellis, in conjunction with several (so it is said) colonial capitalists, has leased, built upon, and embellished thirty acres of land at Richmond, on the banks of the Yarra, which he intends opening, next summer, as the "Cremorne Gardens." Thousands of pounds have been expended upon it, and it is stated by those who have seen it to be worthy even of London. As an order to view has been sent to me I shall take a saunter through it, and give you an account in my next

[Melbourne news], Colonial Times (3 December 1853), 2 

The entertainment to the ex-Mayor, T. J. Smith, Esq., which took place on the evening of the 24th [November], seems to have been a most brilliant affair . . . The taste and judgment of Mr. Ellis and his chief auxiliaries, M. Robillard and Mr. Brogden, were called into play; the vast space was soon covered in with ball-room comforts . . . and the bands engaged were those of the 40th Regiment, led by Mr. Johnson, their bandmaster, of the 99th, led by their bandmaster, Mr. Martin, and Mr. Ellis's band, which comprises most of the best musicians in the colony; conducted by Monsieur Fleury and Signor Maffei . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1854), 8 

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (3 January 1857), 1 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT AND BALL, Every Evening, admission One Shilling.
MR. JAMES ELLIS originator of the first casino in England, viz., the Adelaide Gallery, Strand, and Cremorne Gardens, London; the Salle de Valentino and Cremorne Gardens, Melbourne; - begs to inform the public, that having secured the services of the celebrated Mdalle. Schluter, who has created such a sensation at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, together with Messrs. Burhcall, King, and Hammond, and a host of other available talent, he intends giving a series of Promenade Concerts, on a scale unequalled in Beechworth.
Musical director - Herr Collin.
Leader - Mr. Ferdinand Osborne.
Maitre de ceremonies - Mr. King.
Concert commence at 8, Dancing at 10 o'clock.
Admission One Shilling.
Refreshments, recherche, at a moderate tariff.

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (8 February 1858), 2 

Under the superintendence of Mr. James Ellis, a gentleman whose name is ever associated with our most successful places of amusement, both at home and in the Colonies, this little theatre has undergone a change within the last few weeks by which its past identity has almost disappeared. The whole area of the former building will now be arranged for seats, and an extension of some twenty feet affords room for a complete and commodious stage. Over the entrance a gallery has also been erected, from which a very good view of the whole may be obtained. The decorations are, as yet, scarcely completed; but the stage in all its details has been rendered as perfect at possible, so that pieces of the most complicated character may now be performed in Beechworth. This evening the season commences with Bellini's fine Opera of La Somnambula, in which Miss Julia Harland and Messrs. Sherwin and Farquharson sustain the principal parts - Much praise is due to Mr. Wallace, and also to Mr. Ellis, for the spirited manner in which they have thus attempted to introduce operatic performances to the Beechworth public. To night the fact will be realized, and we trust that the various attractions that have been provided will draw such an attendance as to convince the proprietor that his efforts are appreciated, and to encourage him to a repeated introduction of further novelties under the impulse of his presentable director.

"Deaths", The Argus (10 January 1874), 1 

ELLIS.- On the 9th inst., at his residence, 206 George street, Fitzroy, in the 62nd year of his age, Mr. James Ellis, late proprietor of Cremorne-gardens, London and Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (12 January 1874), 4 

Among the obituary notices published in our issue of Saturday was one that announced the death of Mr. James Ellis, late proprietor of Cremorne-gardens, London and Melbourne. The deceased was so well known in certain circles in Melbourne as to be in a sense a public character, and doubtless many will be interested in a slight sketch of his career. It was singularly checkered. Five-and-twenty years ago Mr. Ellis was the presiding genius of the Cremorne-gardens in London, and achieved great celebrity among those who thronged to that favourite place of amusement. Reverses came, and 1852 found him in Melbourne, and again a caterer for the public pleasure. In this capacity he was connected with the celebrated institution known in those wonderful times as the Salle de Valentino, where during a certain period the musical entertainments were conducted on an almost unexampled scale of excellence, and where, too, he succeeded in acclimatising bals masques after the London mode. His heart was, however, bent upon creating in Melbourne a pleasure garden corresponding to those with which he had been connected at home, and eventually he succeeded in establishing "Cremorne-gardens," on the site now occupied by Mr. Harcourt's private lunatic asylum. It was surprising how much his industry and energy led him to accomplish in this direction, how well the gardens were laid out, how creditable the decorations, and how excellent the arrangements. For a while the place was very popular, and a great point of attraction to pleasure-seekers, but it was difficult of access, there were then no railways in the colony, and eventually the speculation failed, although a line of "gondola" steamers was established on the Upper Yarra for the purpose of promoting passenger traffic in this direction. During later years Mr. Ellis was favourably known in Melbourne as a refreshment caterer, and nothing ever done in that line has surpassed his performances in connexion with the Intercolonial Exhibition of 1866. His last enterprise was very characteristic. He had a number of theories in connexion with economic cookery, which, when reduced to practice by himself, were always surprisingly successful. So he set up a shop in the Eastern Arcade, in order to popularise a certain kind of gas stove, invented and manufactured in Melbourne, on a principle of which he approved. While thus engaged, death came to him. His end must have been quite sudden, for until the latter portion of last week he was actively engaged in his business.

Bibliography and resources:

"CREMORNE GARDENS", The era almanack (1871), 5 

. . . in 1845, and the lease was . . . purchased by Mr. T. B. Simpson, of the Albion Tavern, opposite Drury Lane Theatre, Mr. James Ellis becoming manager. In 1846, the Gardens were opened for a regular season, and balloon ascents formed the principal attractions. The grounds, twelve acres in extent, enclosed within a thickly wooded plantation, interspersed with lawns and flower gardens, and intersected by ornamental walks, became more and more artistically embellished. In 1851, the daylight amusements comprised Franconi's circus, the Bosjesmans, Cantelo's egghatching apparatus, called "The Hydro-Incubator," &c., whilst the "Monstre Platform" for dancing, a capacious theatre for the performance of ballets, supported by Mdlle. Theodore, Herr Deulin, Seymour, and Gardiner, and a display of fireworks prolonged the amusements after dark. A series of "Naval Fetes," in which the river steamboats took part, proved this year highly attractive . . .

Warwick Wroth, Cremorne and the later London gardens (London: Elliot Stock, 1907) 

[Footnote 5] . . . It is sometimes stated that Simpson bought the property in 1846, and put in James Ellis to act as manager. But other accounts speak of Ellis as the real lessee, 1846-1849, and this seems to be correct, because, when Ellis became bankrupt in 1849, execution for £8,000 was levied upon Cremorne. Ellis's unsecured debts amounted to over £16,000, of which £250 was due to a confiding Cremorne waiter. The rent of the gardens had been £582 per annum, and there was an unpaid gas-bill for £665. Simpson was certainly proprietor from 1850 onwards . . .

Kate Bird, "On a visit to the Cremorne Gardens", State Library of Victoria, blog, posted 13 June 2018 

"Cremorne Gardens, Melbourne", Wikipedia,_Melbourne 

ELLIS, Marie (Mrs. J. C. ELLIS; Mrs. ELLIS; Marie ELLIS)

Soprano vocalist

Active (as Mrs. J. C. ELLIS) VIC and NSW, 1865-69

See Marie KRAMER

ELLIS, Thomas (Thomas ELLIS)

Musician, cornet player, trombonist, bandmaster (Ballarat Brass Band and String Band, Volunteer Rangers), violoncello player, organ builder, musical instrument maker, publican, turner, upholsterer

Born England, c. 1827/28; son of Sarah CLAYFIELD
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1860
Died Ballarat, VIC, 15 February 1894, aged 66 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Star (16 October 1858), 3 

Operatic Selection, with solos for clarionet, cornet and trombone, by Messrs. T. King, A. Labalestrier, and Ellis, arranged by Mr. T. King from La Figlia du Reggiamento - Donizetti . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (21 December 1858), 3 

THE PREMIERE BAND Of the Australian colonies, under the able leadership of Mons. Fleury, will comprise the following instrumentalists:
1st Violin - Mons. Fleury
2nd Violin - Mons. Filhou
Tenor - Mons. Labat
Violincello - Mr. T. Minton
Double Bass - Mons. Havendoff
Flute - Herr Palin
Clarionet - Mons Faure
1st Cornet - Mons. Labalestrier
2nd Cornet - Mr. Miell
Trombone - Mr. Ellis
Drums, Cymbals, &c., Mons. Pietro Canna.
Leader of the Band - MONS. FLEURY.
Conductor - MONS. LAVENUE [sic] . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (6 June 1859), 3 

[Advertisement], The Star (30 January 1860), 3

THE Partnership hitherto existing between the undersigned, has this day been dissolved as far as regards John Sims.
Witness -Julius Goldstucker.
Dated Criterion Hotel, 28th day of January, 1860

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (15 March 1861), 2 

The band and non-commissioned officers of the B.V.R R. mustered on the Camp reserve yesterday afternoon in the new uniform, which is really a very smart and soldierly affair. The non-commissioned officers, with cap and green ball, scarlet braiding, sashes, and stripes, and the band, similarly attired, but with scarlet balls to the caps, looked quite military, and were the admired of a great crowd of beholders. The band, under the leadership of Mr. Ellis (cornet a piston) played several appropriate pieces of music, the execution evincing good training and practice. We trust the old hill will be often the scene of a similarly pleasant gathering.

"SPECIAL LICENSES", The Star (6 November 1861), 4

Mr. Inspector Kabat applied for a special license to permit Mr. Thomas Ellis, of the Criterion Hotel, to hold a concert in his house for charitable purposes. Granted.

[Advertisement], The Star (19 July 1861), 3 

LATE BAND of the B.V.R.R. - All members of the above Band are requested to meet at the Criterion Hotel at half-past seven this evening, sharp, on business of importance, Thos. Ellis, Bandmaster.

[Advertisement], The Star (14 November 1861), 3

During the evening the BALLARAT BRASS BAND will give selections from various operas, &c. The STRING BAND will also perform at the entertainment. Conductor, Mr. T. Ellis . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (17 March 1862), 3


"AMUSEMENTS", The Star (18 March 1862), 3

A complimentary benefit was given at the Mechanics' Hall on Monday evening, to Mr. Thomas Ellis, conductor of the Ballarat Brass Band, by a number of professional friends. The Ballarat Brass Band was largely supplemented by those of the Rifle Rangers and the Ballarat West Fire Brigade, and farmed a very important feature in the concert. The attendance was not so large as could bave been wished, but there was plenty of well-merited applause. After the close of the concert the room was opened for a select ball.

"THE SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1862), 2

. . . The two fire brigades lent their patronage, as also the Eight Hours Association and other bodies, and "the sounds of music" were gratuitously supplied by members of the late Philharmonic Society, while other music was also furnished by a band under the direction of Mr. Ellis; with Mr. A. T. Turner and Mr. Wheeler at the piano . . .

"THE BALLARAT EXHIBITION", The Argus (28 August 1866), 6

. . . Special mention should be made of the organ built in the town by Mr. Thomas Ellis. Its size is small, and as it stands at present it possesses no pedals, but its tone is good, and it must be considered to be a successful effort on the part of the builder. It was tried during the performances of the Harmonic Society , and when its notes were not overpowered by those of the other instruments, it was heard to advantage . . .


. . . Thomas Ellis - Finger organ, four stops, two drums, with pedal and stand . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (15 September 1866), 2 

Mr. John Finlay, who for nearly eleven years has been schoolmaster on the Plank road, and has recently received the appointment of master of the Orphan Asylum, yesterday gave a farewell entertainment to his juvenile friends at the Plank road Common School . . . The music was, as of old, led by the fiddle, the worthy dominie himself, assisted on this occasion by Mr. Ellis on the violoncello . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (1 April 1867), 2 

Mr. Thomas Ellis, a gentleman whose abilities as a musician are well known in Ballarat, has been appointed band-master to the Volunteer Rangers. The appointment, as might be expected from the fact of Mr. Ellis's experience as the leader of a military band and the arranger of military music, has given general satisfaction to the members of the corps.

"Deaths", The Ballarat Star (16 February 1894), 2 

ELLIS. - On the 15th February, at the residence of his son-in-law Mr. C. Carter, 157 Humffray street north, Thomas Ellis, late bandmaster of the 1st B.V.R., aged 66 years.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Ballarat Star (19 February 1894), 4 

The funeral of the late Mr. Thomas Ellis, at one time bandmaster of the old Volunteers, took place yesterday afternoon, and was largely attended. The deceased was accorded a semi-military funeral, about 60 members of the Militia, Prout's, Model, and Railway brass bands heading the procession, and playing the "Dead march" as it has seldom been played in Ballarat. Immediately following were a number of members of the Druids Society, to which the deceased belonged. After the hearse and mourning coaches came a number of private vehicles. The remains were interred in the New Cemetery. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. G. Bird, J. Sawyer, D. Angus, and G. Ewin; while the pall-bearers were Messrs. J. Caley, J. N. Dunn, M.L.A., G. Lewoock, C. Trevor, J. H. Symons, E. C. Dermer, H. Dermer, and W. Evans. The Rev. A. J. H. Priest officiated at the house and grave. Br. J. Caley conducted the lodge service, and Mr. Charles Morris carried out the mortuary arrangements.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

The Spacious Hall, Sydney College,
The Overtures and the whole of the Music, expressly arranged for full orchestra (which, by the politeness of Colonel French, will include the Band of the 28th Regiment) by Mr. Nathan.
Madame Gautrot, a Young Lady (whose friends have favoured Mr. Nathan by permitting her to sing in public on this occasion only), the Misses Nathan, Miss F. Pettingell, the Misses Sullivan, Miss Ellison, Miss Jones, Miss Mears, Miss Lynch, Miss Riley, Miss Tuohy, Miss Cochlen, Miss Riely, Master Allen, Master Richards, Master Riley, Masters Tuohy, Master Nathan, and the Masters Weavers . . .


Amateur vocalist, reviewer, editor, printer, and publisher

Born Bath, England, 17 October 1798; son of Robert ELLISTON (1774-1831)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 January 1830 (per Chatham, from London, 18 September 1829)
Married Margaret DE VAUX, St. David's church, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 February 1832
Died Battery Point, Hobart, TAS, 4 December 1872, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


In January 1830, two sons of the celebrated London actor and entrepreneur Robert Elliston (1774-1831) settled in Hobart. At the Surry Theatre in London, as the Hobart press first reported in August 1830, their father had meanwhile commissioned and appeared in Moncrieff's new play called Van Diemen's Land.

William Gore Elliston, who had worked briefly in his father's theatres, opened a general store and public house at Bagdad and became a prominent auctioneer (his brother, Edmund, left to return to London in April 1831).

William appeared at John Philip Deane's Hobart concert in January 1832 singing Waller's The soldier's tear and Bishop's Sons of freedom.

He married Margaret de Vaux in February 1832, and later ran a boys school.

In 1837 became editor and proprietor of The Hobart Town Courier, and thereafter, until he sold the paper in 1848, most of the regular theatrical and musical commentary was either written by him, or commissioned by him.

Elliston returned to the stage at least once more; when the surviving members of the defunct Hobart Town Choral Society were seeking funds to pay off debts in November 1850, he:

kindly consented to deliver a DRAMATIC READING at the VICTORIA THEATRE . . . SUBJECT–Selections from Shakspeare's Plays of RICHARD III, HENRY IV., and OTHELLO.

As printer and publisher of the Hobart Courier, Elliston also issued the song The vow that's breathed in solitude with music by Maria Logan, in 1839; and, in 1843, A collection of psalms and tunes for the use of St. George's Church, edited by John Dickson Loch.


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1830), 2

Arrived on Monday the 11th January last the ship Chatham, 354 tons, Capt. William Bragg from London 18th Sep., Plymouth 19th Sep. with a full cargo of merchandise for this place. Touched at St. Jago for refreshment on the 6th October and sailed on the 9th of the said month. Passengers - . . . Mr. E. Elliston, sons of the celebrated Mr. Elliston the performer . . .

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (7 August 1830), 2

Mrs. Grimstone's new play upon Van Diemen's land has been produced and was acting with considerable applause at the Surrey Theatre: The following is a copy of the play bill:

Surrey Theatre. - This evening will be presented the entirely new serio-comical, operatical, melo dramatical extravaganza called
Van Diemen's Land, or Settlers and Natives . . .

. . . Mr. Elliston, who himself performs a conspicuous part in the drama, is said to have expended upwards of ten thousand-pounds in getting it up, and the scenery and views both of the town and banks of the Derwent as well as in the interior are described as being highly picturesqe and true to nature . . .

"Drama of Van Diemen's Land", Colonial Times (30 November 1831), 3

In our last we mentioned that Mr. Elliston had favored us with a copy of a new operatic drama, entitled "Van Diemen's Land." We now intend laying before our readers a few extracts from the work, feeling pretty confident that the odd mistakes and gross ignorance of Mr. Moncrieff, with the affairs of this Colony, will afford ample scope for laughter. We will commence with the author's remarks, which will explain the reason that Mr. Moncrieff so honored Van Diemen's Land - the Botany of Botany Bay, by writing a three act melodrama:-

Mr. Elliston's oldest and youngest sons having settled in Van Diemen's Land, where they have a highly flourishing store and hotel, the circumstance led the gentleman, by a very natural chain of ideas, to wish a drama introduced at his theatre, which should have that spot for its locale: he accordingly applied to the editor of this work, then residing in Paris, to carry his design into execution; the result was the play now presented to the public . . .

[News], Colonial Times (11 January 1832), 2

On Monday the lovers of music enjoyed the greatest treat that ever was given in this Colony - it was Mr. J. P. Deane's sixth concert. The capacious Court-house was crowded to excess - no less than 250 persons were present; among others we noticed His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, Mrs. Arthur, and family . . . Mr. Elliston gave "The Soldier's Tear" of Bayley's in a most exquisite manner. We have seldom heard a song where more expression was given by the performer - it was rapturously encored . . . Mr. Elliston was encored in his second song of "Sons of Freedom" - but of the two performances we are decidedly of opinion that his first was the most exquisite . . .

"Married", The Hobart Town Courier (3 March 1832), 2

Married, on Saturday the 25th of February, by special license, at St. David's Church, by the Rev. W. Bedford, William Gore, eldest son of the late Robert William Elliston, Esq. London, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Daniel de Vaux, Esq. of the same place.

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 November 1850), 4

THE COMMITTEE of the Hobart Town Choral Society respectfully inform the Public that, in order to augment their funds, W. G. ELLISTON, ESQ. Has kindly consented to deliver a DRAMATIC READING at the VICTORIA THEATRE . . .

"DEATH", The Mercury (6 December 1872), 1

ELLISTON. - On the 4th December, at his residence, Battery Point, William Gore Elliston, Esq., aged 74. The funeral will move from St David's Cathedral at 3 p.m. THIS DAY.

"THE LATE MR. WILLIAM GORE ELLISTON", The Mercury (6 December 1872), 2

Mr. Elliston, whose death we noticed yesterday, was an Englishman by birth, and was born in 1798, thus being 74 years of age. He received a good education, but was brought up to no profession. For some time he assisted his father, Robert William Elliston, the actor, who died in 1831. The father was manager of the Drury Lane Theatre for some time, his son William being connected with him, but a large sum of money was lost in the speculation. The subject of our notice for some time managed the Lymington Reading Room, and he used to think it belonged to him, but when his father became involved in difficulties, consequent on the Drury Lane failure, the reading room was seized to meet the liabilities. Mr. Elliston arrived in this colony in 1824, or 46 years ago [recte 1830]. He conducted the Longford Hall Grammar School at Longford for some years after his arrival. Having disposed of the school, he purchased the Hobart Town Courier from Dr. Ross, who had conducted it for many years, in 1836, for the sum of £12,000 . . . He continued to retain possession of the paper till 1848, when he disposed of it to the Messrs. Best Bros. . . .

Bibliography and resources:

J. N. D. Harrison, "Elliston, William Gore (1798-1872)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


Contrabassist, contra bass / double bass player

See below Herr ELZE

ELMBLAD, Johannes Wilhelm Samuel

Vocalist, pianist, organist, composer

Born Icard Herrestad, Sweden, 1853
Married Maggie MENZIES, Berlin, Germany, 12 January 1878
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1878 (shareable link to this entry)


Pianist, composer

Died (suicide), Switzerland, August 1887, aged 33



"Marriage", The Argus (12 February 1878), 1

"HERR ELMBLAD'S CONCERTS", The Argus (13 June 1878), 6

"Herr Johannes Elmblad", Illustrated Australian News (8 July 1878), 122

"THE ELMBLAD CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1878), 5

"MADAME ELMBLAD'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (6 October 1884), 6

"Deaths", The Argus (11 August 1887), 1

"Death of Madame Elmblad", Evening News (12 August 1887), 6

"DEATH OF MADAME ELMBLAD", The Argus (19 August 1887), 5

Musical works:

God be with you (Good bye) (words by George Macdonald; music by Maggie Menzies Elmblad (composed by 1884; various editions, sung widely by Amy Sherwin)

Baby mysteries (song, composed by 1884; music by Maggie Menzies Elmblad) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1891])

ELSASSER, Charles Gottlieb (Carl Gottlieb ELSÄSSER; Charles ELSASSER; C. G. ELSASSER; Herr ELSASSER)

Professor of Music, composer

Born Höfingen, Stuttgart, Germany, 7 June 1817; son of Johann Gottlieb ELSÄSSER and Johanne BELSER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853 (from England)
Died Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC, 5 January 1885, "in his 67th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


According to the account in Humphreys 1882 (presumably sourced directly from the subject himself) Elsasser was born on 7 June, 1817, in Hofingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.

He received his first musical instruction from his father, and afterwards from Konrad Kocher (1786-1872), organist and director of music at Stuttgart's Stiftskirche, before completing his studies with Johann Gottlob Schneider the younger (1789-1864) in Dresden.

Returning to Stuttgart, he founded an oratorio society, with which he performed many sacred choral works, notably Handel's Israel in Egypt, which he scored for the occasion, no full score being obtainable. At a competitive examination for the post of organist at the Stuttgart Hofkapelle, he was placed second in a field of 31 candidates. In 1847, when political tensions began rising, the Hofkapellemeister, Peter Lindpaintner, and the court theatre orchestra, were forbidden by the king of Wurtemberg to assist at any civic concerts, and Elsasser was appointed in his place to organise and conduct the city concerts.

Shortly afterwards, he left Germany to take up an appointment in England, with Beatus Heldenmaier, a former pupil of Pestalozzi, as music master at his Pestalozaian boys school, at Worksop, in Nottinghamshire.

While in England, Elsasser also published several pieces of piano music and church music.

After a short stay in Manchester, he sailed for Melbourne in 1853.


"CELEBRATION OF MRS. HELDENHEIMER'S BIRTHDAY', Nottinghamshire Guardian [England] (8 May 1851), 5

According to annual custom the young gentlemen educated in the Pestalozzian Institution, conducted by Dr. Heldenmaier, of Worksop, were treated with an excursion on the first of May, the day commemorative of the birth of Mrs. Heldemnaier, and on which occasion the pupils subscribe for and present her with some substantative token of their regard, as an acknowledgment for her uniform kindness and solicitude for their welfare . . . At an early hour in the morning, having assembled in the large dining room, the masters and pupils sang a most beautiful ode composed and set to music for the occasion . . .

"NEW MUSIC", Blackburn Standard [England] (12 November 1851), 4

Remember Me! Polka, for two performers on the Pianoforte. By Charles Elsasser. - We confess to not entertaining a perfect appreciation of the title here, unless it refer to either the partner at the instrument, or in the dance. But the composition is not without merit if the name be something of a misnomer.

[Advertisement], Enniskillen Chronicle and Erne Packet [Ireland] (15 September 1853), 3


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTIIUTION - Monday, January 30th, 1854. Mr. Winterbottom's GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL . . . Pianofortes. - Messrs. Salaman, White, Tolhurst, Smith, Elasser [sic], and George . . .

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Argus (10 March 1854), 5 

This gentleman's Musical Festival in commemoration of the Discovery of Australia, came off last evening at the room of the Mechanic's Institute, in a manner alike satisfactory to the audience and the musician . . . Mr. Elsasser played the accompaniment on the piano very creditably . . .

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE'S CONCERT", The Banner (21 March 1854), 9 

St. Patrick's day (Friday) was brought to a close by a concert, given by Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle . . . The pleasure of the evening was much enhanced by the admirable play of the pianist, Mr. Elsassar.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1854), 8 

CRITERION HALL - Extra Night - To-morrow (Tuesday) June 20th, being for the Benefit of Miss Octavia Hamilton . . .
Conductor - Mr. George Chapman; Leader - Mr. Weston
Accompanyist - Herr Elsasser . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 July 1854), 8

"GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT", The Argus (18 July 1854), 5 

On Saturday evening Mr. Winterbottom gave the first of a series of musical entertainments, which he designates as the revival of his promenade concerts, a la Jullien in Rowe's American Arena. The circus holds about thirteen hundred when full, and on this occasion there could not have been less that that number present, as the circus itself was crowded close up to the stage. The orchestral arrangements were of a very superior order, and comprised some of the best musical talent in the colony. Among the most distinguished artistes were Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mons. Barre, Herr Elsasser, Herr Strebinger, Mr. Johnson, the inimitable Barlow, and Mr. Winterbottom the prime mover and conductor . . .

[News], The Argus (8 January 1855), 5

"DIE LIEDERTAFEL HARMONIA", The Age (9 May 1857), 5 

Yesterday being the anniversary of the death of Schiller, the German Shakspeare, the members of the Liedertafel Harmonia (or German Singing Club) commemorated the occasion by a soiree musicale in the evening . . . The entertainments consisted of varied and choice selections from some of the best masters, and many of the pieces were decidedly well sung by the members of the society, who also had the valuable assistance (vocal and instrumental) of Messrs. Siede, Schleuter, and Elsasser . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 March 1858), 8 

EDUCATIONAL. - HERR ELSASSER, Professor of Music, begs to inform his friends and the public, that he has REMOVED from Collins-street east, to Harmonia Cottage, Punt-hill, South Yarra. 140 ap 29


On Saturday evening, Miska Hauser, assisted by Signor Cutolo, a string quartette party, Miss Julia Harland, and Mr. Linly Norman, gave a farewell entertainment at the Mechanics' Institution, to a brilliant and very numerous audience . . . We must not close this brief notice without complimenting Mr. Norman on his exceedingly tasteful and brilliant pianoforte accompaniments, for which, we are sure, Miska Hauser must have felt grateful. The pianoforte used on this occasion was from the atelier of Messrs. Shiedmayer and Sons, of Stuttgart. It is an instrument of fine rich tone and great power, and is intended to be the first prize in a grand musical lottery, to be conducted by Herr Elsasser, who has just received from the continent a large consignment of music and musical instruments, which he proposes to dispose of in this manner.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 August 1859) 8

HANDEL'S CENTENARY. - The LIFE of HANDEL, by Chas. Elsasser. At Wilkie's, and the booksellers.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 January 1860), 5 

. . . Three candidates were nominated for the post of organist - viz., Mr. L. L. Lewis, Mr. Elsasser, and Mr. King. Mr. Lewis was elected, after a ballot, the announcement being received with general applause . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (3 April 1860), 5 

Last evening a large number of the most prominent members of the Philharmonic Society, met at the residence of Herr C. G. Elsasser, in order to rehearse a sacred cantata lately composed by that gentleman, and entitled "Praise the Lord." The author has derived his inspiration from that unfailing mine for sacred musical composition - the Psalms of David, with an incidental extract from the Revelation to St. John. Mr. Elsasser brings to the task long experience as choral master at Stuttgart, and previously, tuition under Johann Schneider, organist to the King of Saxony at Dresden - justly considered one of the greatest organists of the age. The impression left on the mind after hearing the performance of "Praise the Lord," notwithstanding it had all the imperfections of a first rehearsal, and the disadvantages of being without instrumental accompaniment, was decidedly favorable, not only as regards its effect on the ear, but as conveying a high estimate of the composer's learning and abilities. The work indeed, lacks the attractive features of the modern German school as exemplified in the productions of Spohr or Mendelssohn, but as may be imagined, it possesses all the scholastic severity which we admire in the Bachs, mingled with an occasional passage which shows that the writer has not altogether disregarded the freer style of later organists. These passages afford a pleasing relief even to the classical ear, while they will tend materially to recommend to general approbation a work which might by some be deemed almost of too sombre and monotonous a character. Certainly not one of the least recommendations of the work is the fact of its being wholly unconventional in its treatment. If it can be likened to anything in the shape of musical composition, it must be to the English anthem of the old school - elaborated and greatly extended. We forbear making any special note of individual portions of the cantata, as we trust that a better opportunity will shortly be afforded, through the agency of the Philharmonic Society, to whose serious attention we recommend our accomplished fellow-citizen's composition.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1860), 3 

GERMAN COLLEGE - LESSONS in PIANO Singing, and Flute, by Messrs. Elsasser and Julius Siede.

"The Philharmonic Society's third subscription concert . . .", The Argus (4 July 1860), 5

The Philharmonic Society's third subscription concert in the Exhibition Building, last night, was less numerously attended than those whioh have preceded it. Perhaps the influenza had something to do with the circumstance, and perhaps the absence of the names of Miss Octavia Hamilton and Mr. Farquharson from the programme had also something to do with it. His Excellency, attended by Captain Bancroft, was present, and we noticed many of the usual patrons of these concerts among the audience. The attraction of the evening was, of course, the first performance of a new sacred cantata by Herr Elsasser, which had been for some time expected by the musical world. The composer, who himself conducted its performance, may be congratulated on the evident satisfaction which attended the work. While not remarkable for much depth or originality of idea, and disclosing frequent signs of indebtedness to the Handel school, it is throughout, for the most part, simple and pleasing, and, without being elaborate, is neatly and effectively scored. It is entitled "Praise the Lord," and contains three quartetts in the compass of a not very long work, airs for tenor, bass, and contralto voices, and some well written choruses. There is a tenor air, "I sought the Lord," which is very flowing and sweet, and detains the ear not unwillingly. A little later is a chorus, "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Sabaoth," which is really beautiful, solemn, and devotional. A quartett and semi-chorus, "Bless the Lord, O my soul," has a pleasing tenor accompaniment. It is followed by a chorus, "We give Thee thanks," which thoroughly reminds one of Handel. A soprano air, "Trust in the Lord," partakes of the sweetness which is the main characteristic of the whole work, but suffered materially from the thinness of the violin accompaniment. Indeed, the whole work was by no means indebted to the strength of the band, which we regretted to see considerably diminished, and, we think, unwisely. It was scarcely fair to Herr Elsasser that a greater effort should not have been made in the important matter of orchestral power, and not very complimentary, considering that his work was dedicated to the society. The contralto air, "My heart is glad," in the absence of Mrs. Batton, was capitally taken in alto by a Master Johnson, who was honoured by the only encore awarded. A bass air, of a somewhat florid character, "O Lord, our God," was well sung by a gentleman named Marten. Mr. Ewart and Miss Bailey sang the music allotted to them very creditably. The second part of the concert consisted principally of selections from Handel, Mozart, Rossini, and Beethoven.


. . . The concert may be designated as one of the most successful which the Society have attempted under the suspicious term "miscellaneous." This, however, would be but faint praise, were it not that the programme possessed the notable speciality of including the new sacred cantata, "Praise the Lord," written for and dedicated to the Society by Herrn C. G. Elsasser. This work, which is a scholar-like and elaborate composition, with many beautiful and attractive passages (though, possibly, it may be too sombre and severe to charm any but the educated ear) was exceedingly well performed throughout by band, soli, and chorus. Herr Elsasser was well received on his appearance before the vocal and instrumental corps, and earned much deserved praise for their conduct. To Mr. Ewart were assigned the tenor solos, and to Miss Bailey and Master Johnson the soprano and alto passages, Mrs. Batten haying, by a sudden attack of sickness, been prevented attendance. The young gentleman proved an excellent substitute, and obeyed an encore in the air "My heart is glad." The chorus acquitted themselves well, and gave the best possible effect to the solemn cadences with which the work is so plentifully interspersed. The "Holy, Holy" was especially good, and the conclusion, "Praise the Lord," a bold and striking chorus, was delivered with such spirit and precision that, alone, it would, have redeemed all short-comings, had they been much more numerous than they were. In the quartette, "Bless the Lord," in which the parts were sustained by Miss Bailey, Master Johnson, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. Moxon, the execution was very smooth and equable, but in the recitative and air "Sing, O Heavens" and "Trust in the Lord," Miss Bailey failed to make a favorable impression. To say the truth, the air is too much protracted and is not sufficiently diversified. The instrumentation was admirable throughout . . .

"Royal Marriage Rejoicings: The Banquet", The Argus (25 May 1863), 2s

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Argus (20 November 1866), 2s

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 December 1876), 12

[News], The Argus (8 March 1877), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1877), 8

"The Melbourne Philharmonic Society: II", The Argus (13 January 1879), 6

"THE ELSASSER BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (19 May 1884), 6

"Deaths", The Argus (6 January 1885), 1 

ELSASSER. - On the 5th inst., at his residence, Burwood-road, Hawthorn, Charles Gottlieb Elsasser, professor of music, aged 67 years.

[News], The Argus (6 January 1885), 5

A well-known musician and an old colonist, Mr. Carl Gottlieb Elsasser, died yesterday at his residence, Hawthorn. He was struck by paralysis in April last, and never spoke after-wards. He seemed to be conscious of what was going on, and was able to take food, but had no means of making his wishes known. Mr. Elsasser came to this colony in 1853 with already acquired fame. He founded an Oratorio Society in Stuttgart, Germany, where he received his first musical training, and also filled several important posts. While still a young mun he left Germany lor England, and became director of music at a private college in Worksop, where he stayed for three years, and then came to Victoria. Mr. Elsasser was conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in 1861, and also of the first festival concerts of the German Turn Verein in 1862. He is best known, however, as the composer of cantatas and part songs. His pieces have been frequently played or sung by the Philharmonic Society, Melbourne Liedertafel, and Metropolitan Liedertafel, including the Wedding Cantata in honour of the Prince of Wales's marriage, performed at the banquet given by Sir Henry Barkly in 1863, and "Victoria's Dream," intended for the Melbourne International Exhibition of 1880. Mr. Elsasser died in his 67th year. He will be buried to-morrow, and the funeral will leave his late residence at half past 2 o'clock.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (6 January 1885), 5 

We regret to announce the death of Mr. C. G. Elsasser, the well known musician, who died at his residence, Burwood-road, Hawthorn, yesterday evening. The deceased gentleman was born at Stuttgart, Germany, and had made a name for himself as a musician in his native country before he left for Melbourne, where he arrived in 1853. Since then he has been prominently identified with Melbourne musical society, and at one time was one of the leading members in the Melbourne Liedertafel Society. Mr. Elsasser, who has been in failing health for some time past, has been prevented from following his profession during the past twelve months. The funeral will leave Mr. Elsasser's late residence at half-past two p.m. to-day, arriving at the Melbourne Cemetery about a quarter to four.

Literary works:

The life of Handel: a sketch, compiled by Charles Elsasser (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Musical works:

The Lord is merciful and gracious, Anthem, for solo and chorus, with organ or piano, op. 8 (London: [s.n.], [1850])

Remember me! polka, for two performers on the pianoforte, By Charles Elsasser ([? London, 1851])

Rondeau brillante a la polacca, for pianoforte, by Elsasser ([? London, by 1853])

Praise the lord (a new cantata) (composed in Melbourne and dedicated to the society) [1860]

Wedding cantata (in honour of the Prince of Wales's marriage, performed at the banquet given Sir Henry Barkly; words: E. Exon (1863); text only survives, in "THE ROYAL MARRIAGE REJOICINGS", The Argus (25 May 1863), supplement 2

Joy (galop; galop brilliant) (first edition: Melbourne & Sydney: R. J. & W. H. Paling, 1866) 

Charity, a sacred song, written and composed by C. Elsaasser (London: T. Broome, [c. 1870])

My hope is in thee (sacred song) (Melbourne: Allan and Co., [1876]) 

Love reigneth over all; waltz chorus for male voices; words by Edwin Exon; music by C. G. Elsasser (London: Chappell & Co., [1883])

Joy waltz (words by H. W. Puttmann; arranged by C. G. Elsässer) (first performed 1877) (London; New York; Melbourne: Chappell & Co., [1883])

Es kennt der Herr die Seinen (words: Philipp Spitta), in Deutsche Weisen: Die beliebtesten Volks- und geistlichen Lieder für Klavier (Stuttgart: Albert Auer's Musikverlag, [1900], no. 205, 166-67 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Men of the time in Australia: Victorian series, compiled by H. Morin Humphreys (Melbourne: McCarron, Bird, 1882), xliv 

Elsasser, Carl Gottlieb, musician. Born 7th June, 1817, in Hofingen, near Stuttgart, Germany. Received his first musical instruction from his father; afterwards from Dr. C. Kocher, organist and director of Music in Stuttgart; and finished his studies under the celebrated organist and composer, J. Schneider, in Dresden. Returning to Stuttgart, he founded an Oratorio Society, and performed many oratorios, cantatas, &c., especially Handel's "Israel in Egypt," which he scored for the occasion, no full score being obtainable. At a competitive examination for the appointment of an organist for the Royal Court Chapel in Stuttgart, he was, from among thirty-one candidates, placed second. In 1847, when the political troubles began in Germany, and the Royal Chapel-master, P. Lindpaintner, with the whole of the orchestra of the Court Theatre, were forbidden by the King of Wurtemberg to assist at any concerts of the citizens, Mr. Elsasser was appointed in his place to organise and conduct the concerts. Shortly afterwards he accepted an appointment as director of music at Dr. Heldelmaier [Heldenmaier]'s College in Worksop, England, which he held for three years, and then, after a short stay in Manchester, he left for Melbourne, where he has resided since 1853. He was elected conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society for the year 1861, and also for the first festival concerts (1862) of the German Turn-Verein. At the second festival (1863) he carried off three of the highest prizes for vocal compositions. He has composed several cantatas, as: - "Praise the Lord," performed 1860 by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society; "Wedding Cantata," performed 1863 at the banquet given by Sir H. Barkly in honour of the Prince of Wales' marriage; "Peace Festival Cantata," performed 1871 by the Melbourne Liedertafel; "Victoria's Dream," cantata, performed 1880 by the Metropolitan Liedertafel. His most popular compositions are his part songs, which take a leading position in the programmes of the Metropolitan Liedertafel. Mr. Elsasser is an honorary member of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, the German Turn-Verein, and the Metropolitan Liedertafel.

Kenneth Hince, "Elsässer, Carl Gottlieb (1817-1885)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

William P. Nash, Charles Elsasser: Elsasser's demise - Melba's rise (Heidelberg Heights: Innisfallen Press, 1993)

Paul Elliott & Stephen Daniels, "Pestalozzianism, natural history and scientific education in nineteenth‐century England: the Pestalozzian institution at Worksop, Nottinghamshire", History of education 34/3 (2005), 295-313, esp. 301 (PAYWALL)

. . . Music formed a very important part of the curriculum with boys being encouraged to take part with staff playing or singing in sacred choral classics such as Haydn's "The Creation" and attending musical events in the town (note 10: Gloucestershire County Record Office, D873 C17, C19, Marling correspondence [MC], also contains a school exercise book, concert programmes, notes and letters by the Heldenmaiers; note 35: MC, 5, 13 Dec. 1847; 16 March 1848; 9 April 1848; 22 October 1848; 3 May 1849; 17 December 1849; 18 November 1849.)

ELVY, Robert Hammond (Robert Hammond ELVY)

Musicseller, music publisher

Born Kent, England, 1830; baptised Minster-in-Sheppey, Kent, 14 November 1830, son of Filmer and Jane ELVY
Active Melbourne, VIC, by April 1858
Died Manly, Sydney, NSW, 23 February 1923, aged 92 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Trading as Wilkie, Elvy and Co. (Sydney, 1863-65): (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ELVY, Filmer William (Filmer William ELVY)

Born Potts Point, Sydney, NSW, ? 1863
Died Manly, NSW, 3 December 1933, aged 70


Robert Elvy was shipping pianos into Melbourne in June 1859 and January 1860, from his base as an associate of Joseph Wilkie.

By March 1863, he had set up a Sydney branch of a firm to be known as "Wilkie, Elvy and Co.", and in April began publishing local compositions, with Madame Jaffa's setting of Tennyson's Sweet and low, followed by Frederick Ellard's serenade I'm listening for thy voice love, and in May and June, Ernesto Spagnoletti junior's The Marion schottische, Douglas Callan's Manly Beach galop, and W. J. Macdougall's setting of Sheridan Moore's The beauty that blooms in Australia.


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1858), 1 

AN ASSISTANT REQUIRED, in the MUSIC business. Must be of good address and respectability. Apply by letter, stating references, to Mr. Elvy, 15, Collins-street.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (8 June 1859), 4

Alarm, from London . . . 2 cases, R. Elvy . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (24 January 1860), 4

Southampton, from London . . . 4 cases pianos, R. Elvy . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1860), 8 

CORNISH-MADE MINING PUMPS and BOILERS. Apply to Mr. Elvy, at Mr. Wilkie's, 15 Collins-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1863), 1

NEW MUSIC and PIANOFORTE WAREHOUSE. 321, George-street, Sydney. -
Messrs. WILKIE, ELVY, and CO. have much pleasure in announcing to the residents of Sydney and its vicinity that they have opened the above premises for the sale of New Music, Pianofortes, Harmoniums, and Musical Instruments, and they trust that the advantages of a new and carefully selected stock, combined with an attentive system of business, will ensure them a liberal share of patronage.
As agents for the eminent firms of Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, S. and P. Erard, and Collard and Collard, of London, W., E , and Co. will be in receipt of regular shipments of Pianos, specially prepared for this climate by those makers, whose interests W., E , and Co. will protect (as well as those of the residents of New South Wales) by checking the vending of inferior instruments to which their names may be fraudulently attached.
In the Music Branch the public will have the advantage of W., E., and Co's business arrangements with the principal London publishers, and of a speedy communication with the old established house of Wilkie, Webster, and Co. in Melbourne.
Monthly parcels of musical novelties will be received per mail steamers, and special orders for particular pieces will be promptly attended to by W., E., and Co.'s London agent, and forwarded here when possible by the return mail steamer.
Messrs. Wilkie, Elvy, and Co.. will always endeavour to keep in stock a carefully selected variety of Pianofortes and Harmoniums by the best makers. Orders will be taken from the trade lists of all the most eminent manufacturers, by which a large commission will be saved to the purchaser.
W., E., and Co., with the view of inducing persons of moderate means to become possessed of a really good instrument - pianoforte or harmonium - will offer most easy terms of settlement by the system of instalments suited to the convenience of selectors.
Pianofortes or harmoniums will be let on hire, bought, sold, exchanged, or stored, and the repairing branch will be conducted by competent workmen.
W., E , and Co., as agents for Messrs. Hill and Sons and Messrs. Walker and Sons, the celebrated organ builders, are prepared to give estimates and receive orders for church or chamber organs, and will erect the same in any part of the colony on the most reasonable terms.
March 7th, 1863/

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1863), 4

Tennyson's pretty lines "Sweet and Low" have been set to music by the talented pianiste Madame Jaffa . . . The publishers are F. Mader, and Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., and as a specimen of musical typography the copy before us is very creditable.

"MUSICAL COPYRIGHTS. To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1863), 8 

SIR, - An impression has been current in this colony that there was no protection for English copyrights, and some persons have been in the habit of publishing in Sydney any piece of music that happened to be popular, quite irrespective of the rights, and much to the annoyance of the English composers and publishers.
Mr. Chappell, the eminent music publisher of Bond-street, London, being anxious to protect his own interests, represented the state of the case to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, and received the annexed reply, which is so far satisfactory that we have received instructions from our correspondents to proceed against any persons invading their English musical copyrights in future. As the question is of some public importance, we venture to ask your insertion of this letter, and oblige
Your obedient servants,
WILKIE, ELVY, and CO., 321, George-street.
June 26th.

Downing-street, March 31st, 1863.
Sir, -I am directed by the Duke of Newcastle to acquaint you that your representation of the 19th instant was referred for the consideration of the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade, as it is peculiarly within their lordships' province to consider questions relative to the protection or the invasion of copyrights.
In reply, his Grace has been referred by their lordships to the 15th section of the Act to Amend the Law of Copyrights, 5 and 6 Victoria, cap. 45, which enacts that "if any person shall, in any part of the British dominions, after the passing of this Act, print, or cause to he printed, either for sale or exportation, any book in which there shall be subsisting copyright, without the consent in writing of the proprietor thereof," . . . . "such offender shall be liable to a special action on the case, at the suit of the proprietor of such copyright, to be brought in any court of record in that part of the British dominions in which the offence shall be committed."
By the second section of the same Act, the words "British dominions" are explained to include all the colonies, settlement, and possessions of the Crown.
Their lordships have further pointed out that the provisions of the Act in question, with respect to the importation into a colony of a foreign reprint of a work of a British author, have undergone some modification by the Act 10 and 11 Victoria, cap 95, but that no alteration appears to have been made in the enactment before quoted.
It is, therefore, presumed that, under that enactment a British author would have his remedy in any colony in Great Britain against piratical publication.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
Mr. Thomas Chappell, 50, New Bond-street.

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1863), 5

The firm of Messrs. Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., of 321, George-street, Sydney, have published two neatly printed alphabetical catalogues of music - one an extensive collection of standard classical pieces and popular dances for the pianoforte, and the other a choice selection of operatic and popular songs, duets, glees, and part music, arranged for the same instrument. The united list of the compositions on sale at their establishment extends over upwards of fifty pages of octavo letter-press. We observe that this firm have recently published Mr. Frederick Ellard's pleasing serenade, "I'm listening for thy voice, love " (words by Mr. C. D. O'Connell), composed and dedicated to Mr. Henry Squires, and recently sung by that eminent vocalist at the grand concert at the Prince of Wales Theatre. The Marion Schottische, for the pianoforte, by Ernesto Spagnoletti, has recently been published by Messrs. Wilkie and Elvy, and also the Manly Beach Galop - with on excellent vignette, drawn on stone by E. Thomas - composed by Douglas Callen, and produced, as performed under the conductorship of the composer, by the band of the First Battalion Sydney Volunteer Rifles.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1923), 14

ELVY. - February 23, 1923, at his residence, Tregarth, 68 Raglan-street, Manly (and late of Kent, England) Robert Hammond, aged 92 years.

"LATE MR. ELVY: LEADING COMMERICIAL MAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1923), 14

Mr. Robert Hammond Elvy, one of Sydney's oldest commercial men, died recently at his residence, Tregarth, Raglan-Street, Manly, at the age of 93 years. He was the originator and proprietor of the old-established pianoforte and music ware-house bearing his name. His courtesy and wonderful vitality - he only retired a few weeks ago - and his reminiscences of the early days, especially of Victoria, where in 1855 he helped to establish the firm of Wilkie and Elvy, now Messrs. Allan and Co., of Melbourne, made him a popular figure. In 1863 he carne to Sydney, and established the firm of Elvy and Co., and was instrumental, with the late Mr. William Lyster, in bringing many operatic artists to Australia. The late Mr. Elvy was born in Kent, England, and had four grandsons on active service during the late war. He has left three sons and two daughters.

"LATE MR. R. H. ELVY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1923), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1933), 8

"MR. F. W. ELVY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1933), 10

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 163-64 (Elvy and Co.), 243 (Wilkie, Elvy and Co.) (DIGITISED)


Contra bass / double bass player

Active Melbourne (? and Sydney), VIC, 1853 (shareable link to this entry)


The double bass player in John Winterbottom's band in April 1853, he was variously advertised as Elze in Melbourne, and Ellyer in Sydney. He was almost certainly also the C. Elza billed to play for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society that same month. Probably, however, he could not have performed in both Sydney and Melbourne only days apart.

Could he also be the double bass player Carl Esther?


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT . . . Principal Instrumentalists: Mr. Hartligan, ophecleide; Mr. Johnson, clarionet; Mr. Thatcher, flute; Mr. Tucker, violin; Herr Elze, contra-basso; Signor Maffei, cornet-a-piston; Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1 

WINTERBOTTOM'S BAND OF THIRTY . . . Contra Basso - Herr Ellyer

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1853), 12 

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12 

SECOND GRAND CONCERT. MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY, Protestant Hall, THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, 27th April. Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Graham (her second appearance); Mr. Moran. Leader - Mr. F. Fischer. Director - Mr. G. Chapman. THE Band will consist of the following talented performers: Violins - Mr. A. Fischer, Mr. Strebinger, Mr. Thomson; Viola - Mr. Thomas; Basso - Mr. C. Elza and Mr. Hardman; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. G. Chapman; Clarionet and Oboe - Sig. Blume; Flute- Mr. Rosenstengel. Pianoforte - Mr. Hertz and Mr. Thomson . . .

? [Advertisement], The Star (18 August 1857) 3

. . . Herr Elliott, Contra Bass . . .


Professor of Music, pianist, arranger, publisher, music retailer

Born London, 30 January 1814, son of Emanuel EMANUEL (c.1780-1856) and Julia Rebecca MYERS (c.1778-1854)
Married Eliza ABRAHAM, London, 10 May 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 June 1841 (free per Psyche, from London)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 6 May 1907, in his 94th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

EMANUEL, Eliza (Elizabeth "Dinah" ABRAHAMS; Mrs. Abraham EMANUEL)


Born London, England 16 July 1818
Married Abraham EMANUEL, London, 10 May 1836
Arrived Sydney, 11 June 1841 (free per Psyche, from London)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 22 March 1872, in her 54th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Amateur musician, vocalist, ? pianist, dentist, dental surgeon

Born London, England, c. 1816; son of Emanuel EMANUEL (c.1780-1856) and Julia Rebecca MYERS (c.1778-1854)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 May 1842 (free per Bennioolen)
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 6 July 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Abraham Emanuel, a former piano pupil of John Cohen (d. 1851) of Liverpool, England, first advertised in Sydney as a "Professor of the Piano Forte" on 29 June 1841. He and his wife, Eliza, made their first appearances before a Sydney audience at John Philip Deane's concert on 14 July. Eliza sang two solo songs, almost certainly with Abraham accompanying, Hodson's Oh give me but my Arab steed in the first half, and, in the second, Bishop's recitative and romance Orynthia, my beloved from The noble outlaw. According to W. A. Duncan in the Chronicle she:

made her debut with success, and we think she will yet do better. Her voice is good, but her articulation is indistinct, and she wants a little finishing in other respects.

Other reviews were less favourable, and Eliza did not appear again as a public vocalist until 1851. Abraham, however, played again at the Bushelles' concert in September 1841.

In February 1844, Eliza and Rosetta Hartnell, a dancing mistress, opened a seminary for young ladies, with Abraham as music tutor. The school continued to advertise, though without Hartnell, until July.

Abraham appeared again in concert as pianist for the Gautrots in July 1846.

In 1847 he began importing stock for the "Pianoforte and Music Repository" that he opened at 22 Hunter-street.

On 8 May 1849, Eliza gave birth to their daughter, Caroline, who would become the popular opera singer Carrie Emanuel.

In July and August 1850, Abraham gave a series of three concerts with William Abercrombie Sigmont, featuring ta new patent harmonium, which he had recently imported.

Together with his wife Eliza, and Caroline Pyne, as vocalists, and with the assistance of George Hudson and his City Band, Abraham presented a series of weekly "Casino" promenade concerts from March 1851. As further publicity, in August he published The casino polka, "Arrainged [sic] by A. Emanuel" and "Dedicated to the patrons of his fashionable weekly entertainment at the Royal Hotel".

In February 1852, he issued Glover's song A young lady's no from his retail premises, now at 5 Hunter-street.

The Emanuels moved permanently to Victoria in 1866, living for periods in Ballarat and Melbourne.

An owner bound album of sheet music, that probably originally belonged to Abraham's brother John Emanuel, is now in the Stewart Symonds sheet music collection, Sydney Living Museums. A copy of James Grocott's 1850 edition of By the sad sea waves is inscribed to John by his sister-in-law, Eliza ("Presented to J. Emanu[el] by Mrs. A. Emanuel . . ."). A copy of The shop on fire, a parody of Russell's The ship on fire, is inscribed "John Emanuel".


"COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS. Wednesday the 1st day of May 1839", The London gazette (3 May 1839), 945 

Abraham Emanuel, late of Bury street, Bevis-marks, London, out of business, formerly of Exeter, Devonshire, Dealer in Cigars, Stationer, and Dealer in Musical Instruments. - In the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex.

"INSOLVENT DEBTORS. Wednesday, May 1, 1839", The jurist (4 May 1839), 352 

Abraham Emanuel, Bury-st., Bevis-marks, dealer in musical instruments: in the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex.

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (12 June 1841), 2

From London, same day [yesterday], the barque Pysche, [Psyche] Captain Somerville, with merchandise. Passengers - Mr. and Miss Solomon, Mr. and Mrs. Emanuel and two children, Mr. Levy, Miss Lee, Mr. Hart, Mr. Phillip, and Mr. Barnett.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (29 June 1841), 3

MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of the Piano-forte, respectfully informs the Gentry and Inhabitants of Sydney, and its vicinity, that he will be most happy to give instruction in the above art, and trusts by strict attention and punctuality to his pupils to merit a share of their patronage.
For terms apply at his residence in Pitt-street (four doors from King-street), or at Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, George-street.
Mr. E. will have no objection to attend Seminaries.

"ORATORIO", The Australian (3 July 1841), 2 

. . . Mr. Deane has announced a Concert for next Friday under most distinguished patronnge . . . A lady just arrived in the Colony (Mrs. Emanuel) will assist on this occasion, and from the flattering terms in which we have heard amateurs speak of her singing, we feel extremely anxious to judge for ourselves.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 July 1841), 1 

MR. DEANE begs to inform his friends and the Public, that under the above distinguished Patronage, his CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on a very extensive scale, will take place at the Theatre Royal, on WEDNESDAY, the 11th July, 1841.
VOCAL PERFORMERS - Mrs. Bushelle, Miss Deane, and Mrs. Emanuel (being her first appearance), Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Allen, and several other Gentleman Amateurs.
INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. Prout, Miss Deane, Mr. Emanuel, Mr. Deane and Sons, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walton, and other Gentleman, who have kindly offered their assistance,
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. Wallace; Conductor - Mr. Leggatt
By the kind permission of Colonel French, the Band of the 28th Regiment will assist . . .
PART I . . . 1. Song - Arab Steed - Mrs. Emanuel (her first appearance in public) . . .
PART II . . . 5. Song - Orynthia, my beloved - Mrs. Emanuel . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (15 July 1841), 2

This entertainment took place last evening in the presence of a full and respectable audience, and went off with the usual eclat that attends Mr. Deane's praiseworthy endeavours to gratify the public. Mrs. Emanuel made her debut with success, and we think she will yet do better. Her voice is good, but her articulation is indistinct, and she wants a little finishing in other respects . . . There was also some good piano playing by Mrs. Prout, Miss Deane, and Mr. Emanuel . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (16 July 1841), 2

. . . The Debutante Mrs. Emanuel, has a pleasing voice, which with cultivation may be made effective . . .

"Summary of Public Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1841), 3

. . . in Mrs. Emanuel the audience were disappointed. We have heard it stated that the reason of her failure was owing to the effects of a cold she was labouring under, and which destroyed her powers of execution as a vocalist, which report states are very considerable . . .

[News], The Australian (17 July 1841), 2 

. . . We had, moreover, two first appearances in Mrs. Emanuel and Master Muzio Deane. The lady sang two songs, and her debut, with other circumstances, being taken into account, acquitted herself very creditably. She has unquestionable capabilities as a singer, requiring only a little time for their more favourable developement. We would, however, beg to direct her attention to the obtaining of that indispensable quality in a singer - a clear distinct enunciation. Mrs. Emanuel, with her husband, who we understand is particularly well qualified as a pianoforte instructor, must undoubtedly be considered a desirable acquisition . . .

"DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (17 July 1841), 2 

. . . Next came the debutante of the night, Mrs. Emmanuel [sic], whose good looks gained her more attention than her singing, which we are sorry to say was somewhat of a failure. It is probable, that by hard study she might be able in time to make a tolerable display, though her voice wants both power and compass; but her chief deficiency is in scientific skill. For example, she articulates so unintelligibly that we could scarcely make out a single word of the song, and this alone, if she had a voice like an angel, would in these days of true science, be enough to marr her success . . .

. . . Mrs. Emmanuel, we are sorry to say, did but little justice to Bishop's "Orynthia, my beloved;" it would require her at least twelve months' study to be able to sing this song even tolerably . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 September 1841), 3

. . . FAREWELL CONCERT, Royal Victoria Theatre, WEDNESDAY, 22nd September, 1841, which day is also appointed for the Horticultural and Floral Exhibition.
MR. AND MRS. BUSHELL will on this occasion make their last public appearance in Sydney . . .
Instrumental Performers - Mrs. Prout, Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Deane, Mr. J. Deane, Mr, E. Deane, Mr. Wallace, sen., Mr. Sippe, Mr. Walton, Mr. Emanuel, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Downes, Mr. Pappin, Mr. Westrop, the rest of the Theatrical Orchestra, and . . . BAND of the 80th REGIMENT, under the superintendence of Mr. Egerton. Leader Mr. S. W. Wallace; Conductor, Mr. Leggatt . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 October 1841), 3 

. . . Mr. A. Emanuel, Professor of the Pianoforte, Clarence-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 June 1842), 3 

ARRIVAL. MR. J. EMANUEL, SURGICAL and MECHANICAL DENTIST, begs to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of New South Wales, that, having arrived from Paris, he intends practising as above . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (21 June 1842), 3 

. . . Mr. Emanuel, Professor of the Pianoforte, Wyatt's Buildings, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1844), 3

SEMINARY FOR YOUNG LADIES. No. 4, BRIDGE-STREET. MESDAMES EMANUEL and HARTNELLE beg leave to inform the elite of Sydney, they have opened a Seminary for Young Ladies, where they hope by unremitted attention to their pupils to meet with a proportionate share of patronage . . . N.B. - Mr. A. Emanuel, Professor of Music, will superintend that accomplishment . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 June 1844), 4 

LADIES' SEMINARY. NO. 8, BRIDGE-STREET. MRS. A. EMANUEL begs to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of Sydney, that she continues to receive Pupils at her Establishment as above . . . Mr. A. Emanuel, Professor of Music, will Superintend that department . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1846), 1 

GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . MONS. AND MDME. GAUTROT have the honour to inform their friends and the residents of Sydney, that their
FAREWELL CONCERT will take pace THIS DAY, the 29th instant, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel . . . Mr. A. Emanuel will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

"IMPORTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1847), 2

October 30. - Hamlet, barque, 420 tons, Captain Wilson, from London . . . 3 cases pianofortes, A. Emanuel . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1848), 1

PIANOFORTE AND MUSICAL REPOSITORY, 22, HUNTER-STREET. MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of the Pianoforte, most respectfully informs the gentry and public of Sydney and its environs, that he has received by the latest arrivals, a fashionable and varied selection of elegantly illustrated New Music, including the most favoured songs of the celebrated Jenny Lind, &c. Mr. E. trusts his having taught the Pianoforte in this city for the last seven years will suffice that the importation will please the musical taste of the public generally. Mr. Emanuel begs particularly to observe, that being in regular correspondence with one of the first music publishers in London, he will be happy to take orders for any certain music on receiving half-payment at the time the order is given. Mr. E will continue to receive quarterly supplies of the newest publications, including every successful Opera, and all musical works of merit. Pianofortes lent on hire; and repaired, bought, sold, and taken in exchange. Mr. Emanuel will be happy to receive and effect sales of Pianofortes for those persons wishing to dispose of the same. His only charge will be five percent, commission.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1848), 1 

JENNY LIND'S SONGS. - Just published, two Ballads, entitled My Fatherland, and Our Parting is Near, sung by the Swedish Nightingale with unbounded success and universal admiration at the Theatres Royal in London and Paris. These charming melodies need only once be heard to delight the musical ear, and yet so simple that a child of ten years might sing them with the greatest facility. To be had at Mr. A. EMANUEL's, Musical Repository, 22, Hunter-street; and G. HUDSON, Music Seller, Pitt-street. Price Two shillings each.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1848), 1 

MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of the Pianoforte, respectfully informs his musical friends and the public in general, that he has received ex Volunteer, a case of new and fashionable Music, including an immense variety of charming morceaux, but in consequence of his removal to No. 161, Elizabeth-street, Mr. E has appointed Messrs. Kern and Mader, of Hunter street, agents for the sale of the same, where it will be on view on Monday next, the 27th instant.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1849), 1 

PIANOPORTE FOR HIRE. MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of the Pianoforte, wishes to inform the public, that he has constantly on hand first rate instruments for the above purpose. Further particulars of Mr. E. Terms for instruction on the Pianoforte may be known at his residence, 161, Elisabeth-street, two doors south of Market street. - For Sale, a superior New Grand Square by Collard and Collard, with patent repeater action.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1850), 1 

Patronised by the Royal Family. Medal of Honour granted by the Courts of France, Spain, Belgium, and Russia.
MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of Music, being the importer of the above, with much pleasure begs respectfully to inform the Musical World, that he intends giving a series of Grand Musical Entertainments at the Royal Hotel in conjunction with Mr. Sigmont, who will perform a variety of the most pleasing and popular Music on this delightful and charming instrument, and producing its various effects. The first entertainment will take place on Wednesday, the 24th instant. Admission, Two Shillings. Programmes of the performance will be published . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1850), 1 

MESSRS. EMANUEL AND SIGMONT'S first Musical Entertainment and grand performance on the Patent Harmonium will take toke place at the Royal Hotel,
THIS DAY, THUR8DAY. the 25th instant.
1. Introduction to the grand Opera Norma, March and Prayer, patent harmonium - Mr. Sigmont.
2. Italian Air, Opera, Tancred! - Rossini - Madame Gautrot.
3. The celebrated Pestai Air with variations, duet, harmonium - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
4. English Ballad - Mr. Sigmont.
5. New Russian Polka (just arrived), pianoforte and harmonium - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
6. Cavatina - Italian - Rossini - Madame Gautrot.
7. Wild Flower Waltzes - Julien (just arrived), harmonium and pianoforte - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
1. Chorus - Handel, harmonium - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
2. Fantasia, pianoforte - Mr. Sigmont.
3. English Ballad - Mr. Sigmont.
4. Beethoven's celebrated Romance Adelaide, wind instrument effects - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
5. Grand Scena Francais - Herold, violin obligato - Mad. and Mons. Gautrot.
6. New set of Quadrilles, harmonium and pianoforte - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
7. Comic Song - Mr. Sigmont.
8. The celebrated Drum Polka - Julien, harmonium and pianoforte - Messrs. Emanuel and Sigmont.
Admission 2s. Commence at 8 o'clock.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1850), 3 

This evening, at the Royal Hotel, Messrs. Emmanuel and Sigmont give their second concert on that surprising and beautiful instrument, the harmonium.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1851), 1

MR. A. EMANUEL, Professor of Music, begs to inform the Musical World that he intends giving a series of the above entertainments at the Royal Hotel, the first to take place on Wednesday, the 19th instant, and be continued weekly during the winter season.
Mr. E. has for the occasions, engaged the City Band, under the able leadership of Mr. Hudson; and also with much pleasure, begs to mention that he has entered into an engagement with Mrs. Pyne, just arrived from the London, Bath, Bristol, and Clifton concerts, who will make her first debut before the Sydney public.
Mrs. Emanuel, by the particular request of many friends, has kindly consented to assist as vocalist and will make her first appearance.
Mr. Emanuel will be happy to give a gentleman with a tenor or baritone voice an engagement for the season.
Apply at his residence, Palmer-street North, ten doors from William-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1851), 1 

This Evening, Wednesday, the 19th Instant, AT THE ROYAL HOTEL.
City Band - Cavatina de Norma - Bellini
Song - Mrs. Pyne, There's no Music like the Drum - Loder
Band - Quadrilles - Les Echo.
Song - Mrs. Emanuel, The Rich Man's Bride by the author of Will you love me Then as Now?
Band - Favourite Polka - Lenter
Song - Mrs. Pyne, Of what is the old Man thinking - Knight
Band - By the margin of fair Zurich Waters
Song - Mrs. Emanuel, Yes, I have dared to love Thee.
* * The JUVENILE ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS will make their first appearance, and go through the following Programme:
Prize Concertante, introducing the Nightingale Polka and Victoria Seotisch, by Banjo, Flutina, Tambo, and Bones.
Favourite Negro Melodies - Dandy Jim of Caroline, Stop dat Knocking, Don't believe in Stephen, Black Eyed Susannah, Dandy Broadway Swell, Oh Susannah.
De ole to conclude wid de neber to be broken down grap vine twist Railway Gallope.
Band - Albert Scottisch
Song - Mrs. Pyne, Love lurks in a laughing eye - Smith
Band - Set of Waltzes from the opera of the Bohemian Girl
Song - Mrs. Emanuel, the Prayer of the Nation - Balfe
Band - Ethiopian Quadrilles
Song - Mrs. Pyne, They tell me Thou'rt the favoured Guest - Balfe
Band - Drum Polka
Finale - God Save the Queen.
Commence at eight o'clock. Admission two shillings; children, half-price.

"MR. EMANUEL'S PROMENADE CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (29 March 1851), 2 

We were reluctantly compelled to defer our notice of Mr. Emanuel's concert last week. The performance went off with considerable effect; the announcement of a debutante, in the person of Mrs. Pyne from the English Provincial Concerts, being one of the principal attractions. This lady possesses a soprano voice of moderate compass, and sang very sweetly the touching ballad "Of what is the Old Man Thinking." With a little more confidence, she may become in the course of time a favorite with the Sydney public. Mrs. Emanuel also came forward as an amateur songstress, and sang with much feeling and effect the ballads of "The Rich Man's Bride" and "Yes, I have dared to love thee;" "The Prayer of the Nation" also was done great justice to, and deservedly received an encore. The audience was further entertained by the Juvenile Ethiopian Serenaders - Master Walter Howson on the banjo, Master Wallace on the accordion, and Masters Emanuel on the bones and tambourine. Hudson's very efficient Band was in attendance, and gave general satisfaction. We understand these entertainments will be continued (see advertisement) after the manner of the "Casinos," now held in such repute in London and Paris; dancing being introduced between the songs, in lieu of promenading; and from the fact of the charge for admission for the future being but nominal, we fully expect that a well-filled room will be the reward of Mr. Emanuel's exertions to promote the amusements of the Sydney community.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1851), 5

Mr. John Cohan, a native of this town [Liverpool, England], and a pianiste of great talent, died lately, at his father's residence, South Castle-street, after a brief illness of three days, brought on by extreme study and assiduity in his profession. Mr. Cohan had been for several years resident in London, where his talents procured him many friends and pupils. - Liverpool Times. - This gentleman was for some years the highly esteemed and respected Music Master of Mr. Emanuel, Professor of Music, of this City.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1851), 1

1. Introductive Operatic airs - City Band.
2. Vocal duet - "Blow gentle Gales" - Mrs. Emanuel and Mr. Barton - Loder.
3. Song - "Where the Bee sucks" - Mrs. Pyne - Dr. Arne.
4. Song - "Philip the Falconer" - Mr. Barton - Loder.
5. Song - "Tell me my Heart" - Mrs. Emanuel - Loder.
6. Song - "My Mother bids me bind my hair" - Mrs. Pyne - Haydn.
7. Song - "Here's to the Maid with the love laughing eye" - Mr. Barton - Macfarren.
8. Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Mrs. Emanuel - Linley.
9. Duet - "The Syren and Friar" - Mrs. Pyne and Mr. Barton - Emanuel.
1. Set of Quadrilles.
2. Polka.
3. Deux Temps Waltz.
4. Scottische.
5. Set of Quadrilles.
6. Polka.
7. Spanish Waltz.
8. Scottische.
9. Set of Quadrilles.
10. Polka.
Doors open at half-past seven. Concert to commence precisely at eight o'clock. Dancing at nine.
Tickets of admission, One Shilling - to be had only of Mr. Sparks, at the Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1851), 1

NEW MUSIC - Just published, "My Presence Still in Calm or Storm," the celebrated romance, sung by Miss Sara Flower, in the above Opera, at the Royal Victoria Theatre, price 2s.; also, the Casino Polka, arranged by A. Emanuel, and dedicated to the patrons of his fashionable weekly entertainment, at the Royal Hotel, price 1s.
May be had of Messrs. KERN AND MADER, Stationers, Hunter-street, on Tuesday next.

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1852), 5

Mr. Emanuel, of Hunter-street has recently brought out a very pleasing new song, by the author of Will you love me then as now entitled, A young lady's No. The melody is exceedingly good, though simple, and the words very expressive of that arch hesitation, vorrei e non vorrei, in which young maidens are apt, at a particular period of their sweet existence, to respond to the ardent protestations of love-sick swains. The song is one which must become popular in the drawing room; and is well deserving of a place in every musical album.

"SUICIDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1860), 5

A young man named Edward Nathan, aged about twenty years, residing with his uncle, Mr. Emanuel, professor of music, committed suicide by taking poison on Sunday morning. He was called to breakfast at about nine o'clock, and answered "very well." He was called again at about ten, and was then in convulsions from taking strychnine; he expired shortly afterwards. A coroner's inquest was held on the body yesterday, and a verdict of committed suicide by taking poison whilst in a fit of temporary insanity was returned. The deceased was by profession a clerk.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1869), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (27 March 1872), 4

EMANUEL. - On the 22nd inst., at her residence, 35 Raglan-street, Ballarat, in the 54th year of her age, after a suffering and protracted illness, Eliza, the beloved wife of A. Emanuel, professor of music, leaving an affectionate husband and large family to mourn their irreparable loss.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1882), 1 

EMANUEL. - At his residence, 205, Albion-street, Surry Hills, Dr. John Emanuel, dentist, aged 65 years.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1907), 6

EMANUEL. - May 6, at St. Kilda, Melbourne, Abraham Emanuel, Professor of Music, in his 94th year. Father of Moses Emanuel, of Torquay, 25 Underwood-street, Paddington, and Mrs. Mendlessohn (nee Carrie Emanuel), of London. "After life's fitful fever he sleeps well."

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1907), 7 

Mr. Abraham Emanuel, an old-time resident of Sydney, died in Melbourne on Monday at the great age of 94 years. Deceased arrived In Sydney in 1841, and took a prominent part in musical matters. The members of his family include Mrs. Mendlessohn, who, as Miss Carrie Emanuel was a singer of note, and Mr. M. Emanuel of Paddington.

Musical editions (Abraham Emanuel)

The casino polka, arrainged [sic] by A. Emanuel dedicated to the patrons of his fashionable weekly entertainment at the Royal Hotel (Sydney: Published by Messrs. Kern and Mader, [1851]) (DIGITISED)

Our parting is near [by] Donizetti (on cover: "Sydney: Published & sold by G. Hudson . . . also by Mr. A. Emanuel, Teacher of the Pianoforte and Musical Repository, 22 Hunter Street") (DIGITISED)

A young lady's no, sung by Miss Poole, composed by the author of Will you love me then as now?, The rich man's bride, &c., &c. [Charles Glover] (London: Duff and Hodgson . . .; and may be had at A. Emanuel's Pianoforte and Music Repository, 5 Hunter Street, Sydney, [1852]) (DIGITISED)

Other musical sources:

The Emanuel family volume of songs and music, c. 1830-60; Stewart Symonds sheet music collection; Sydney Living Museums 

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 165 (DIGITISED)

John Levi 2013, These are the names . . . 2nd ed., 232 (PREVIEW)


A song by "Emanuel", The desert ("composed expressly for Mr. Farquharson") appears in concert programs during the 1860s sung by Robert Farquharson and others. This composition is by Plymouth-born bandmaster Louis Emanuel (1819-c.1889), who from 1845 was music director at Vauxhall Gardens. Also by Louis Emanuel, are The syren and friar ("duett written by William Jones; composed by Louis Emanuel") (London: Ransford & Son; Adelaide: Coward & Lindstrom, [1890s]) and The Diana waltz

"TELEGRAPHIC", The Courier (7 March 1864), 2


Amateur musician, baritone vocalist, dentist

Born Exeter, England, c. 1838; son of Abraham and Eliza EMANUEL above
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 May 1842 (free per Bennioolen)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1923, aged 85 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

EMANUEL, Carrie (Caroline; Miss Carrie EMANUEL; Carry; Madame MENDELSSOHN)

Vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Sydney, NSW, 8 May 1849; daughter of Abraham and Eliza EMANUEL above
Active professionally from 1870
Died London, early 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1849), 4

On the 8th instant, at her residence, Elizabeth-street North, the lady of Mr. A. Emanuel, Professor of Music, of a daughter.

"A NEW AUSTRALIAN SOPRANO", Empire (9 July 1870), 3

We perceive by the Ballarat papers that Miss Emanuel made her debut at an operatic concert given by the members of the Ballarat Harmonic Society, in the Alfred Hall, on thc 17th of last month, in the character of Lucrezia Borgia. Miss Emanuel is a native of Sydney, and daughter of Mr. Emanuel who for many years was a teacher of music in this city, and latterly with Mr. Johnson, of Pitt-street. The Courier, in noting the event, observes with regard to Miss Emanuel: -
"Of the prima donna it is only necessary to say that her rendering of the music was highly artistic showing a pure and cultivated organ which in quality is everything and in power will gain with time, for the lady is young - besides that this is the first occasion wherein she has sung in public. From the first song, "Holy Beauty," the audience was with her; but in the second attempt, immediately following, her wonderful flexibility was for the first time displayed."
The Evening Mail says: -
"Miss Emanuel fairly sustained the role of Lucrezia, spite of its weight and difficulty. Miss Emanuel's voice is a pure soprano, with extended compass and great power of florid execution. Her ornamentation is particularly good, especially in the trying matter of the vocal shake. The shake in this instance seems to be almost if not quite a natural one, reminding the listener of the thrilling warble in the feathered throat of a canary bird. Her songs wero rendered with graceful ease."

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1870), 7

"Marriage", The Argus (28 December 1874), 1

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1915), 8

News has been received here by Mr. Moses Emanuel of the death in London of his sister, Mrs. Mendelssohn, who sang under that name, and also as "Carrie Emanuel," throughout Australia and the East forty years ago. This lady was the first to introduce Wilhelm Ganz's "Sing, Sweet Bird," by which audiences at break-up concerts have suffered severely ever since. She was herself, by all accounts, an artist of brilliant attainments, and sang in 1873 under Lyster's management, both here and in New Zealand, in "Norma," "The Rose of Castille," and other works, before which she gave a series of vocal concerts at the Sydney School of Arts with Mrs. Cordner Miles, who still lives here. In 1871 Mme. Agatha States, Signor Cecchi (the tenor who trained Mme. Melba in her youth), and Signor Orlandini (baritone) arrived here, and remained on this side a considerable time. After her marriage Mrs. Mendelssohn and her husband Joined Orlandini's party, and toured Batavia and the East. The Mendelssohns afterwards visited South Africa, and settled there, eventually retiring on their fortune to London. The deceased artist possessed a high soprano of great fluency, and was famous for the spontaneous character of her art in coloratura music.

"THE STAGE: NOTES", The Queenslander (3 April 1915), 20

"MR. MOSES EMANUEL DEAD", The Sun (28 October 1923), 2 

After a long illness Mr. Moses Emanuel, who was believed to be the oldest dentist in the State, died yesterday at the age of 85. The late Mr. Emanuel, who was born in Exeter, England, came to Australia in 1842, and settled with his parents at Ballarat where his father, Professor Emanuel, was well-known in musical circles. A few years later he came to Sydney and took up dentistry with his uncle [John Emanuel, above]. For many years he carried on an extensive practice in Wynyard-square. He took a great Interest in music and possessed a fine baritone voice, which was heard at many amateur recitals. Not long after his arrival in Australia his sister, Miss Carrie Emanuel, came out from England, and took the name part in the first production in Australia of Lucia di Lammermoor. This opera was stag ed by the late Mr. Emanuel at the Opera House, Melbourne. The funeral will leave Kinsela's parlors, Oxford-street, city, at 9.45 a.m., to-morrow.

Bibliography and resources:

EMILIA, Signorina (Signorina EMILIA)



Musicseller, musician, dance pianist

Active Hay, NSW, by 1877
Died Tamworth, NSW, 16 November 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (15 December 1877), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 January 1882), 3

"MECHANICS' BALL AT THE MASONIC HALL", The Maitland Mercury (29 January 1884), 5

"MR. HARRY EMMERSON", The Maitland Mercury (19 May 1888), 4

"Death of Mr. Harry Emmerson", The Maitland Daily Mercury (17 November 1910), 2

A Tamworth exchange chronicles the death of Mr. Harry Emmerson, which took place at Tamworth Hospital on Wednesday afternoon at about three o'clock. For some considerable time the late Mr. Emmerson had been in failing health, and frequently complained of heart trouble and on various occasions suffered with an affection of the kidneys. For years he was in business in West Maitland as a tobacconist and stationer, which business he worked in combination with his profession as a musician. Leaving Maitland about 10 years ago, he settled in Tamworth, opening up a tobacconist's business, which he kept on till he was forced by failing health to enter the hospital. He never improved much afterwards, and died as above stated. Mr. Emmerson was a man who had travelled a great deal, having been connected with the stage and his store of knowledge enabled him to be very entertaining. He was a splendid pianist, his forte being dance music, and all round he was a very popular man.

ENGEL, John Alexander (Alexander ENGEL; A. ENGEL; J. A. ENGEL)

? Vocalist, printer, music printer

Born ? Germany, c. 1818
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 September 1883, aged 65 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1855), 8 

DEUTSCHER LIEDERKRANZ - Freitag, den 21 December, findet grosse Abendunterhaltung im locale (Custom House Hotel) statt. J. A. ENGEL . . .

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (11 September 1868), 2 

Mr. Clarke, of Hunter-street, has published a new sheet of music got up in excellent style by Mr. J. A. Engel, of York-street, "Tell me, Mary, how to woo thee," aa sung by Mr. Armes Beaumont, of the Lyster Opera Troupe, to the delight of the musical circles of the Australia. - The present edition has been newly edited and arranged, in his usual effective and pleasing style, by Mr. C. E. Horsley; and the copies are embellished with cabinet, vignette, and other photographic portraits of the celebrated tenor to suit the taste or choice of purchasers. These illustrations are very creditably executed.

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 165-66 (DIGITISED)

ENGEL, Nicholas (Nicolas ENGEL)

German bandmaster

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1866-67 (shareable link to this entry)


The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 239

[Sandhurst] . . . Engel, Nicholas, German bandmaster, Bridge st

"COUNTY COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 November 1867), 3

. . . Orth v. Gerber . . . Nicholas Engel deposed to witnessing the removal and afterwards buying four of the trees . . .

ERSON, Thomas William l' (Thomas William JERSON; I'ERSON; T. W. I'ERSON; l'ERSON; L'ERSON)

Professor of singing, teacher, bass vocalist, Baptist minister

Born London, England, 14 June 1812; baptised "Thomas William JERSON", St. George the martyr, Southwark, 26 July 182, son of Thomas Robert and Elizabeth JERSON
Active Geelong, VIC, by January 1856
Died Rockhampton, QLD, 1902'Erson+d1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Register of baptisms, St. George the martyr, Southwark, 1758-1812; London Metropolitan Acrhives 

[1812, July] 26 Thomas William Son of Thomas Robert and Elizabeth Jerson [? Jorson]

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (10 January 1856), 1 

FREE Church School, La Trobe Terrace, Geelong. - This School will be re-opened on Monday the 7th instant. The routine consists of a sound knowledge of the elementary branches of English, &c. Music and drawing taught by Professors Sasse and I. Erson.

"THE SACRED CONCERT IN AID OF THE MECHIANICS' INSTITUTION", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 February 1856), 2 

The Oratorio given by the Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society last evening, was in every respect successful . . . Mr. l'erson, the Conductor, sung the air in the second part "Why do the nations," and was much applauded . . .

"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (27 February 1856) , 2 

. . . The public will be kind enough to remember that not more than two months and a half since, I had the honor of occupying the office of Conductor of the above Society, and that from the 1st October, 1855, the members have been practising the Messiah; you will, therefore, perceive that the "training" alluded to in Critic's letter, this morning, was performed by myself for a space of three months previous to Mr. l'erson taking office . . .
I remain, &c., JOHN ROGERS.
20, Ryrie-street, 22nd February, 1856.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (28 February 1856), 3 

- Notice to the Public. - An elementary singing class will be formed (under the auspices of the above society), on Friday evening next, the 20th instant, at 8 'clock, in ihe Scotch School-room, Yarra-street, opposite the Court House.
Mr. l'erson (Conductor of the above Society), teacher.
Subscription, 5s per quarter, in advance. Ladies free.
Mr. l'erson will provide the books.
AII who purpose joining are requested to attend.
G. W. BARKER, Hon. Sec.

"MEETING OF DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOL TEACHERS", Geelong Advertiser (12 April 1859), 2 

. . . Mr. Wilson was voted to the chair. He opened the business by stating that he had been informed by Messrs. l'Erson and Sasse, that the allowance to drawing and singing masters, under the denominational Board was about to be discontinued. He should be very sorry to lose the services or the singing and drawing masters in his school, and he believed he did not stand alone in this matter . . .

"POLICE . . . NUISANCES", Geelong Advertiser (6 May 1859), 2 

Mr. l'Erson, the professor of singing, was charged by the Town Inspector for the Newtown and Chilwell Municipality, with suffering a quantity of impure and noxious fluid to flow from his premises near the Baptist Chapel, in Aberdeen-street, on to the public thoroughfare, on the 26th April last . . .

"PRESENTATION", Geelong Advertiser (13 June 1859), 3 

A number of teachers and children from the various denominational schools of Geelong and suburbs, met in the Wesleyan school room, Ryrie-street, on Saturday, the 11th instant, for the purpose of presenting testimonials to Messrs. Sasse and L'Erson. The testimonials consisted of a number of handsome volumes, comprising the works of Burke, De Foe, Byron, Wordsworth and others. Mr. Wilson, on presenting the testimonials, said that on hearing of the proposed withdrawal by the government of the services of the singing and drawing masters, the teachers and children had adopted this mode among others of testifying their appreciation of those studies, and their desire that the lessons might be continued. He congratulated the teachers that the petitions and remonstrances forwarded to his Excellency the Governor and to the Board would probably produce the desired effect . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1859), 4 

PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Glee - "The Winds Whistle Cold" - Messrs. Badnall, Moore, and l'erson - Bishop . . . PART II . . . Four Part Song- "Tears for To-morrow, but Kisses Today" - Messrs, Bannall, Moore, Field, and l'Erson - Lorenz . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (25 October 1859), 2 

THE consecration of Christ Church, which if arranged to take place this morning, will not fail to awaken public interest . . . An attractive feature of the tea-meeting in the evening will be the performances of Mr. l'Erson's senior class of vocalists, carefully selected from no less a number than two thousand four hundred possessors of treble and alto voices . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (6 March 1861), 2 

The musical entertainment at the Mechanics' institute yesterday evening was a performance in many respects of surprising excellence. Mr. l'Erson presented to a large audience between thirty and forty of his pupils, scarcely one of whom had ever before ventured to challenge public criticism, and we but simply do them justice in stating that the precision and delicacy with which they interpreted the conception of the several pieces rendered was in the highest degree satisfactory. Many of them to be sure lacked the confidence and easy abandon which characterises experienced professional singers, but there was a charming sweetness in their vocalization which atoned for this, and gave delight to every listener possessed of taste and feeling. It was easy to perceive that more than one of the fair debutantes possesses vocal acquirements of a high order, and the generally correct singing of the whole choir does honor to the teaching of their very able and painstaking conductor. The beautiful glee, "Here in Cool Grot," was exceedingly well sung, and this and one of Hullah's duetts, "Come with thy Lute," equally well given, met in each case with an enthusiastic encore. The whole of the ladies and gentlemen who assisted at this performance are members of the Mechanics' Institute Music Class, conducted by Mr. l'Erson, and given as the initiatory entertainment of a series of lectures for the season, nothing could have been imagined in better or more appropriate taste.

"A ROCKHAMPTON NONAGENARIAN", Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (28 June 1902), 6 

THE many friends of the Rev. Thomas W. l'Erson will join with us to-day (says the "Record" of the 14th instant) in congratulating him upon having attained his 90th birthday. The reverend gentleman, who is a native of London, came to Victoria in the early days, and for a long time resided in Geelong . . .

"ESTATE OF THE REV. T. W. l'ERSON", The Capricornian (20 September 1902), 36

. . . in the estate of Thomas William l'Erson, late of Rockhampton, minister of religion, but formerly of Geelong, Victoria, singing master . . .

ESCOTT, Lucy (from 1870 Mrs. Henry SQUIRES)

Soprano vocalist (Lyster's company)

Born Springfield, Mass., USA, 1828
Arrived Melbourne, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Married Henry SQUIRES, USA, May 1870
Died Paris, France, 29 November 1895 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"MUSIC IN BROOKLYN. SECOND PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Music review and gazette (25 December 1858), 403

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5



Hans Werner Henze's Lucy Escott variations (1963), for harpsichord or piano, commemorates her early London appearances, and is based on "Come per me sereno", from Bellini's La sonnambula.


Double bass player, piccolo player, publican

Born Germany, c. 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by February 1855 (? from Liverpool)
Married Caroline KOCH, VIC, 1857
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1857
Died Beechworth, VIC, 30 April 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


If Esther had arrived in Victoria earlier than 1855 (see Charles Kierath's 1914 recollection) he was perhaps the double bass player Elze/Elza (above) who appeared in Melbourne in 1853.

Kierath's recollection is that his party arrived on the Arabia from Liverpool; however, that ship ran the Atlantic route and never sailed to Australia. Two other possible Liverpool ships were the Sultana, which arrived in Melbourne on 13 December 1854, with 251 passengers, and the Golconda, which arrived on 5 January 1855, with 343 passengers.


"ITINERANT MUSICIANS", The Argus (6 February 1855), 5 

Our streets have been enlivened of late by the performances of some very excellent German musicians who have arrived from the old country. Among the street bands which are at present to be heard in Melbourne is one composed of nine performers, whose execution of dance music, particularly of the valse, for which the Germans are so famous, excels that of any band of itinerant musicians we have ever heard. It consists of two violin, that much neglected but highly useful instrument the viola, contra bass, clarionet, cornet, sax horn, and two French horns. The arrangement and selection of its repertoire, as well as the taste and precision with which its music is rendered, proves that the leader is possessed of both talent and industry.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1857), 3

IN aid of the Funds for Building a Presbytery and Catholic Church in Beechworth . . .
Conductor - Mr. Hurley; Leader - Mr. Osborne
Violin Primo - Mr. Osborne
Violin Secundo - Herr Weichmann
Violin Secundo - Herr Carll
Harp - M. Zeplin
Pianoforte - M. Carne
Contra Basso - Herr Esther
Picolo Solo - Herr Esther
Clarionet - Mr. Hurley
Cornet a Piston - Mr. Barlow
Trombone - Sig. Rangoni . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1858), 3

St. Joseph's Catholic Church, BEECHWORTH.
GRAND HIGH MASS, With Orchestral Accompaniments.
Mr. G. Griffiths, First Violin
" Weichman, Second Violin
" J. P. Hurley, Flute
" W. Radford, Viola
" Mr. Barlow, Cornet
" Jenkins, Sax Tuba
" Wright, Violincello
Herr Esther, Double Bass

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (28 January 1868), 3 

GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT Will be given, on the above date, in aid of the funds for the erection of a Monument to the Memory of the late Herr Schmidt.
The BAND will comprise the following gentlemen, who have kindly volunteered their services:
1st Violins - Herr WEINBERG and VAN DEN BERG
2nd Do - Herr BAUSCHMAN and Mr. WATTS
Tenor - Mr. E. S. RUSSOM
Violincellos - Mr. MORRIS and Herr OTTO
Contre Basses - Herr ESTHER and GERKE
Cornets - Herr SCHMIDT and BURKE
Clarinet - Herr VORHEN
Flute - Herr BUSSE
Flageolet - Mr. Henri RUXTON
Cornos - Messrs. PALMER and GEORGE
Trombone - Herr HARTMAN
Drums - Herr RUDOLPH
Conductor, Herr SCHLUTER.
Assisted by Ladies and Gentlemen Amateurs and the German Vocal Union . . .

"BALL AND SUPPER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 June 1868), 2 

We perceive that Mr. Carl Esther intends to give a ball and supper at the Alliance Hotel, Beechworth, on Friday evening next. Mr. Esther always provides good music, being a musician himself, and that is one half the battle.

"DEATH", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 May 1886), 4 

Esther. - At his late residence, corner of Camp and High-streets, Beechworth, Carl Esther, aged 54 years.

"DEATH OF MR. CARL ESTHER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 May 1886), 4 

Old residents of the district will regret to learn of the removal from amongst them by the hand of death of yet another of their number, Mr. Carl Esther, who for many years was the proprietor of the Alliance Hotel, Beechworth. Mr. Esther had been in failing health for some months past, and on Friday last he quietly passed away to "the laud of shadows." His loss will be more particularly deplored by a large circle of German friends, and the funeral, which takes place this afternoon, will no doubt be largely attended.

"Colonielle Angelegenheiten", Australische Zeitung (5 May 1886), 1 

Aus Beechworth in Victoria wird uns mitgetbeilt, dass Herr Carl Esther dafelbst am 23. April gestorben ist und am Tage darauf unter zahlreicher Theilnahme zur Ruhe bestattet wurde. Herr Esther war ein sehr geachteter alter Kolonist und seit langen Jahren ein wackerer Agent dieser Zeitung. Er ruhe sanft!

"MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY", Rutherglen Sun and Chiltern Valley Advertiser (9 January 1914), 5

On Monday, 5th January, Mr. Charles Kierath, of Cornishtown, celebrated his 85th birthday . . . Mr. Kierath is also one of the pioneers of the North-Eastern District; he arrived in Victoria by the ship Arabia [query], from Liverpool, in the year 1855. He is a native of Brunswick, Germany. In the year '55 he formed a band of eight, musicians for the purpose of visiting England, and then Australia. After a short time in England, and having arranged for the passage of the members of his band to Australia, he was joined by his wife, and the party of young Germans set sail for the Southern Cross lands. On arrival at Melbourne the members of the band gave a series of open air concerts, and also accepted engagements; they also visited Ballarat and Bendigo. On his return to Melbourne he learnt of the Ovens goldfields, and it then became a question whether it would be Beechworth or Sydney. A Mr. Johnston engaged four members of the band, who went to Sydney, our esteemed resident going to Beechworth where, with the late Carl Esther, he commenced a green-grocery business, but also accepting engagements as musicians . . .

"EIGHTY-FIVE, NOT OUT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 January 1914), 2 

. . . A native of Brunswick, Germany, he arrived in Victoria in 1855. In England he formed a band of eight musicians for the purpose of visiting Australia. On arrival in Melbourne the members of the band gave a series of open-air concerts, and also visited Ballarat and Bendigo. On returning to Melbourne they learnt of the Ovens goldfield. Four of the members of the band proceeded to Sydney, but Mr. Kierath came on to Beechworth where, with the late Mr. Carl Esther, he commenced a green-grocery business, but also accepting engagements as musicians . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Patterson, Nobblers and lushingtons: a history of the hotels of Beechworth and the Ovens district (Beechworth: Endymion, 2009) 


The celebrated Welsh harpist

Active Central VIC, 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


A single page of the Mount Alexander Mail for 4 December 1857 announced the presence in the area of two harpists, Evans, "The celebrated Welsh harpist", and Williams, "The celebrated triple harpist".


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 5 

. . . AUSTRALIAN HOTEL, Forest Creek . . . MR. EVANS, THE CELEBRATED WELSH HARPIST, Who has just arrived in the colony, will play every evening up to the end of the year.

[News], Mount Alexander Mail (25 December 1857), 4

. . . the various sports to come off in the neighbourhood during the Christmas holidays . . . Australian Hotel, Forest Creek. - Wrestling for prizes from £20 to £3; a running match, a dancing match, and a skittle-match for a gold watch. Mr. Evans, the Welsh harpist, is also engaged to play . . .


Cornet player (Tasmanian Band)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


"EXHIBITION OF FIREWORKS", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 March 1854), 5

The exhibition of fireworks, for the benefit of the Tasmanian Band, took place in the Horticultural Gardens, on Thursday evening last. The symphonies in "Ben Bolt," arranged by Mr. G. W. Walker, were much admired, and his execution on the piccolo and clarionet were highly spoken off. Mr. H. Evans played exceedingly well on the cornet a piston. Under the superintendence of Mr. Walker, the Tasmanian Baud must improve.

ASSOCIATIONS: George William Walker

EVANS, Harry Congreve (Harry Congreve EVANS; H. C. EVANS)

Songwriter, librettist

Born Nuriootpa, SA, 10 December 1860
Died Adelaide, SA, 9 January 1899 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE LATE MR. HARRY EVANS", South Australian Register (11 January 1899), 6 

"Those whom the gods love die young" and so poor Harry Congreve Evans crossed the bar when he was only thirty-eight years of age. When but a lad he gave evidence of being a gifted son of his gifted mother, "Maud Jeanne Franc." An accomplished stenographer, a smart paragraphist, an able vigorous, and descriptive writer. Allied to these talents his genial disposition stood him in good stead. To those with whom he was intimate he was a lovable friend. His tastes were decidedly artistic. He wrote comic sketches and light verses with remarkable facility, bringing to bear a ready wit in this work. He came before the public as the librettist of Immomeena, the music of which was composed by the late M. Heuzenroeder, and of The Mandarin, which Mr. J. M. Dunn composed, and the works met with an appreciative reception. The deceased was a Bohemian at heart, and had there been a Bohemia the boys of the old brigade would have elected Harry as their King . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Evans, Henry Congreve (Harry) (1860-1899)", Obituaries Australia

H. J. Finnis, "Evans, Matilda Jane (1827-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

EVANS, William James (William James EVANS; W. J. EVANS)

Music critic, poet, author

Born Angaston, SA, 1865
Died Adelaide, SA, 22 September 1904 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE LATE MR. W. J. EVANS", The Advertiser (22 September 1904), 6 

It is with deep regret that we announce the death of Mr. William James Evans, the musical and dramatic critic of the Advertiser, which occurred at the Adelaide Hospital half an hour after midnight this morning. Mr. Evans was born at Angas Park in 1863, and when quite a baby went with his mother to Angaston. His mother was well-known by her pen name of "Maude Jeanne Franc" and among the volumes she published Minnie's Mission and Marian, or the Light of Someone's Home, won great popularity owing to their deeply religious tone and their high literary merit. His father was a Baptist minister, and was a highly educated man. It was thus from clever parents that Mr. Evans derived his taste for literature, while the skill he showed in versification is another example of heredity, for he was descended from the same stock as William Congreve, the great dramatist. His mother's maiden name was Congreve, and his brother, Mr. Harry Congreve Evans, for many years connected with the Advertiser staff, and afterwards editor of Quiz, was named after that celebrated poet . . . As a young man he entered the service of the National Bank, and after remaining there for some time he joined the commercial department of the Advertiser about 20 years ago. Shortly after 1890, his gift as a writer being recognised, he was transferred to the literary staff, with which he was connected continuously until the time of his last illness, He held the position of musical and dramatic critic, while he also conducted the "From Day to Day" column in the Express, and the "From Week to Week" column in the Chronicle, his contributions winning wide popularity. Mr. Evans was a keen, but, at the same time, a most fair critic, and there was an artistic touch and a breadth of knowledge about his writings concerning music and the drama which gave them great value, apart from their accuracy and discriminating insight. He contributed poetical pieces to other journals, and a few years ago he issued a volume of verses, modestly entitled Rhymes Without Reason, which met with a large amount of favor.

Bibliography and resources:

"Evans, William James (1863-1904)", Obituaries Australia

H. J. Finnis, "Evans, Matilda Jane (1827-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography4 (1972)

EVANS, Richard A'Beckett (Richard A'Beckett EVANS; R. B. EVANS; Mr. A'Becket EVANS, Thomas A'Beckett EVANS, ? WOTTON)

Actor, comedian, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, c.1843-45
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by late 1845
Active VIC, until c. 1863'Beckett+Evans+actor+c1843-63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'Beckett-Richard (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (16 December 1843), 4 

OPENING OF THE OLYMPIC. THE public is most respectfully informed that the above Theatre will open on Wednesday, the 20th instant, with the celebrated burletta of the "Wreck, or the Buccanier's Bride."
Song - "The Groves of Blarney," Mr. Evans. Naval Hornpipe, Mr. Hall. Song - "We'll follow the Drum," Mr. Evans.
To conclude with the "Two Thompsons, or, Which is He."
R. B. EVANS, Stage Manager.
G. Rogers, Sole Proprietor.
Vivat Regina!

"THE QUEEN"S THEATRE", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (17 December 1845), 2 

Mr. a'Becket Evans, late of the Adelaide Theatre, made a most successful debut at the "Queen's" on Monday evening, in the parts of "Levingstone" and "Dr. O'Toole."

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (15 September 1847), 3 

Second night of "Don Giovanni."
ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEP. 15, The performances will commence with a celebrated Operatic Extravaganza, entitled -
In the course of the piece the following songs -
Songs by Mrs. Clarke:
Air - Come along, 'tis just the hour.
" Pray Goody.
" I've kissed, and I've prattled.
" Round about the Maypole.
" Gentle Fairies, see me languish.
Chorus by the Company - From our Regions Infernal.
Glee - We are three Jolly Widowers.
Songs by Mr. Evans -
Air - He lived in Spain as stories tell.
" A master I had wicked and sly.
Glee - Away with fight and quarrel.
Trio - Your love she lives.
Air - If in London Town you live.
" Had I a heart.
Duetto - Oh, remember the time.
" Will you dance with me.
" Thou wert born to please me.
" O where, and O where.
ACT 2.
Song - Our ground we have taken.
Duetto - Merrily every bosom.
Chorus - O laugh at the hour.
Air - Giovanni is leading.
" I gave her kisses one.
" I knew by the wigs.
" What's this gay town to me.
" Duns that give Giovanni trust.
" Giovanni leaves the Girls alone.
Finale - Here's success to Don Giovanni.
Highland Fling (in character) Miss Clarke.
Song "Rory O'More" - Mrs. Clarke . . .

"THE PEEP O' DAY. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (26 August 1862), 7 

Sir, - As an old colonist of nearly twenty years' experience . . . A'BECKETT EVANS, Author of the drama of "Fashion and Famine."

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 June 1863), 4 


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (28 December 1863), 2 

. . . We report elsewhere the proceedings at the annual gathering of the Buninyong Highland Society on Boxing-day at the society's reserve. From 1500 to 2000 persons were present, and the whole programme was disposed of very successfully. During the day a Mr. A'Beckett Evans, on the part of the Olympic Dramatic Company offered a silver cup as a prize to the best piper of the day, the prize to be given on the stage of the theatre in Buninyong at that evening's performance.

"THE ROMANCE OF OUR FIRST CENTURY", Healesville and Yarra Glen Guardian (21 November 1903), 3 

. . . For the amusement of those inclined to histrionic diversion, there was a theatre, which stood near the place now occupied by the Bull and Mouth hotel. At first the actors were drawn from the people themselves. A tailor named Bellan was a prominent performer: a tinsmith named Richard Batters, with the voice of a bull, naturally depicted the tragic muse, and a little man with a grotesque face, and an insatiable thirst was the low comedian. His name was Wotton: but he called himself A'Beckett Evans. So far as the writer's memory serves, the wife of this last performer was the leading lady . . .

EVANS, William (William EVANS; Mr. W. EVANS; Mr. W. Evadne EVANS)

Vocalist, "well known singer of negro melodies", Ethiopian serenader, actor, manager

Active Geelong, VIC, 1854; Bathurst, NSW, 1855, 1857; VIC, 1858-59 (with company headed by his wife, Evadne EVANS) (shareable link to this entry)

Follow his wife (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 November 1854), 4 

. . . Mr. W. Evans, the well known singer of negro melodies, sung a song with respect to the late trial of Mackay V. Harrison, in which the matter was dealt with in a very clever, pungent, witty manner. The song was received with continued bursts of applause.




CHITTY, Robert (Robert CHITTY)

Gallows hymn singers, bushrangers

Executed Sydney, NSW, 16 March 1841 (shareable link to this entry)


"EXECUTION", Australasian Chronicle (18 March 1841), 3 

On Tuesday morning the six bushrangers, James Everett, Robert Chitty, John Marshall, Richard Glanville, John Shea, and Edward Davies, who were convicted at the last criminal sittings of the wilful murder of John Graham, at Scone, on the 21st December last, all paid the forfeit of their lives by expiating their offences on the scaffold. An immense crowd was collected to witness the last awful scene of these men's career . . . At a few minutes past nine o'clock the wretched men were conducted from their cells to the area in front of the drop, where they knelt for some time in the exercise of their devotions. Chitty, Everett, Marshall, and Glanville, were attended by the Rev. Mr. Cowper and the Rev. John Elder; Shea by the Very Rev. Mr. Murphy; and Davies, being of the Jewish persuasion, was attended by Mr. Isaacs, the Jewish Rabbi . . . After about ten minutes spent in devotion they arose, and Everett in a very hurried manner ran up the steps leading to the scaffold, and was followed by Chitty, Glanville, and Marshall; they all four in a loud and clear voice sung the first verse of the hymn commencing "Awake my soul, and with the sun" . . . A few minutes more were spent in devotion, and then the ropes were adjusted and the caps drawn over their faces; they still continued (particularly Everett and Glanville) in loud and apparently fervent prayer till the bolt was drawn, and they were launched into the presence of their Maker. They all died almost without a struggle.

EWART, Thomas (Thomas EWART; Mr. EWART; Tom EWART)

Tenor vocalist, musical amateur, professional musician, choral conductor, shipping agent

Born ? England, c.1825/28; son of Robert and Margaret EWART; ? baptised St. Cuthbert, Carlisle, 13 May 1827
Active Melbourne, VIC, by November 1853
Married Katherine ANDERSON (GAARRIQUES), St. James's cathedral, Melbourne, 29 October 1857
Died (suicide) Melbourne, VIC, 14 November 1878, "more than 53"/"about 50" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Thomas Ewart probably arrived in Melbourne in 1852 or 1853, and he was first documented singing at the opening of the new organ at St. Francis's cathedral, in November 1853. He was a founding member of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and its regular tenor soloist until mid 1861, whereafter he was succeeded by Edwin Exon. The committee had noted their thanks for his previous service at the general meeting in January 1861, probably in response to his apparently recent decision to pursue singing professionally.

In this, however, he was largely unsuccessful, and was insolvent in November 1861, from want of employment. He continued to take public engagements, however, serving as choirmaster of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Carlton, occasionally appearing in popular concerts in Melbourne, as well as in oratorio and concerts in Geelong, Ballarat, and central Victoria.


[Advertisement], The Banner (15 November 1853), 1 

Opening of the New Organ in St. Francis's Cathedral, LONSDALE STREET.
THIS Magnificent Instrument, just erected by Mr. Henry Smith, will be opened on TUESDAY Evening, 22nd inst., with a Grand Selection of Sacred Music from the works of Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Mendelssohn, Rossini, &c.
Mrs. Testar, Miss Mirabella Smith, Miss Martin,
Mr. T. Ewart, Mr. Henry Smith, Mr. Loughnan, Mr. Hacket,
Assisted by a Chorus of Fifty Voices, several Members of the Philharmonic Society having kindly offered their services on this occasion . . .

"EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Age (6 November 1854), 5 

Handel's oratorio, the Messiah, was performed by the Philharmonic Society, on Friday evening, in the Exhibition Building to a numerous, and highly respectable audience. The cast of the orchestra was the same, as at the former concert, with some additions in the solo department . . . The allegro movement in the overture was taken a little too fast: when this is the case, it is apt to throw the audience off their guard, and in a measure deprive them of the power of properly appreciating the announcement in the opening recitative, "Comfort ye my people;" this and the following air, "Every Valley" was sung by Mr. Ewart, in his usual manner . . .

"PERFORMANCE OF SACRED MUSIC", The Argus (14 March 1855), 5 

Last evening a subscription concert was given at the Mechanics' Institution, by the Philharmonic Society . . . The programme of the evening consisted of selections from Handel's "Samson" . . . The bass songs, belonging to Manoa and Harapha, were divided between Mr. Hackett and Mr. Biggs; those of Samson being sung by Mr. Ewart, whose tenor is of an excellent quality. "Total Eclipse," and "Thus, when the Sun," were tendered admirably . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Age (18 April 1856), 4 

On Wednesday evening the Philharmonic Society held their second subscription Concert for the year to a brilliant audience of about six hundred. The Exhibition building never presented a more animated appearance . . . The two works produced on this occasion have not hitherto been heard in Australia - probably not south of the equator - . . . Spohr's Last Judgment . . . [and] . . . Mendelssohn's gem "As the Hart Pants" . . .

The principal soloists were our old favorite Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Goodliffe, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. Kaye, who have all secured for themselves a solid reputation in sacred music. In the "Last Judgment" Mrs. Testar shone especially in the solo, "O, thou art God alone," in the delivery of which she was visibly affected; and in conjunction with Mr. Ewart, in the beautiful duet, "Oh Lord, remember my affliction," won deserved plaudits for the feeling manner in which it was delivered. The quartett, "Blessed for ever," was a perfect gem of vocalisation, in which this accomplished vocalist divided approbation with Mrs. Goodliffe, and Messrs. Ewart and Kaye . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (2 August 1856), 3 

The Philharmonic Society held the third subscription concert for the year, in the Theatre Royal, on Friday evening. The attendance was good but not crowded, a result we hoped to have seen considering the attractive character of the oratorio selected for the occasion - Judas Maccabaeus. It is exactly one hundred and ten years since Handel wrote this splendid oratorio . . . The heavy duties at the opera throughout the week prevented Mons. Laglaise from getting up his part as Judas Maccabaeus so satisfactorily as he would wish. He therefore felt himself compelled to decline it, and Mr. Ewart at the last moment kindly took the duty. His exceedingly creditable treatment of the difficult part assigned to Judas, received a hearty recognition from the audience. Equally successful was he in the duet with Madame Bishop, "From the dread scene" . . .

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (4 March 1857), 6 

. . . Beethoven's Grand Mass in C formed the first part of the concert, and was listened to with marked attention. The soloists were Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Goodliffe, and Messrs. Ewart, and Farquharson. The sublime and magnificent strains of the Gloria in excelsis were more effectively given, the beautiful phrases of the qui tollis peccata mundi miserere nobis, especially so. The quoniam tu solus concluded the whole with great spirit, the chorus deserving unqualified praise. The Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei were equally commendable . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Age (25 June 1857), 5 

Mendelssohn's great sacred work "Elijah" was produced for the first time in Melbourne, on Tuesday, evening, by the members of the Philharmonic Society . . . Mr. Ewart gave with great feeling and effect the tenor solos. Those in which he most distinguished himself were the "If with all your hearts" and "Then shall the righteous" . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 June 1857), 4 

. . . Mr. Ewart's voice was effective in the tenor recitatives, but we cannot say that his rendering of the two difficult airs "If with all your hearts" and "Then shall the righteous" gave complete satisfaction. We believe, however, that practice and proper training would put him on an equality with the best interpreters of sacred vocal music . . .

"MARRIED", The Argus (30 October 1857), 4 

On the 29th inst., at St. James's Cathedral, by the Rev. John Freeman, Thomas Ewart, Esq., of Melbourne, to Katherine, eldest daughter of the late John Anderson, Esq., of Liverpool, and relict of Francis John Garriques, Esq., of Jamaica.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (7 January 1858), 5 

The Philharmonic Society gained new laurels on Tuesday evening by their admirable interpretation of Mendelssohn's grand oratorio "Elijah" . . . The tenor parts were most ably sustained by Mr. Ewart, who sang with great fervor, the recitative of Obadiah "Ye people rend your hearts," and the lovely air which immediately succeeded it "If with all your hearts ye truly seek me." This gentleman adds to excellent taste, the results of a careful course of training, which have rendered one of the best exponents of the tenor parts of sacred writings, whom we possess . . .


. . . Mr. Ewart gave the famous "Sound an alarm" with more energy than we had given him credit for. His voice seems to be improving, and he is earning for himself a legitimate reputation . . .

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (31 March 1858), 5 

. . . [in "Mozart's Twelfth Mass"] The tenor solos were taken by Mr. Ewart, a gentleman of whom we have had the pleasure of speaking on more than one occasion, and who appears to improve every time we hear him. His voice is powerful and, generally speaking, of good quality, especially in the middle register. He is, perhaps, a little deficient in style and finish, but with the organ he evidently possesses, these are excellences which, with due cultivation, time will furnish. The "Sanctus" and the "Agnus Dei" were very meritoriously rendered. In the "Engedi," Mr. Ewart appeared to still more advantage, especially in the opening recitative, "Jehovah! hear, oh hear me," and the expressive air, "My heart is sore within me" . . .


. . . The "Stabat Mater," [Rossini] that most perfect specimen of modern continental sacred music, formed the third portion of the concert . . . Mr. Ewart's "Cujus Amicus" [Cuius animam] was carefully and cleverly delivered . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (27 December 1858), 5 

The performance of the "Messiah" by this society on Christmas eve has now grown into a custom . . . The tenor passages were sustained by Mr. Ewart, whose useful services to the society are deserving of much praise. This gentleman, though neither a brilliant nor a finished vocalist, is painstaking and correct in the highest degree. His chief fault is the negative one of not imparting a due proportion of emphasis where required; but even in this particular he has much improved . . .

"SATURDAY NIGHT CONCERTS", The Age (31 January 1859), 5 

. . . The vocal element in the concert was supported by Miss Juliana King and Mr. Ewart. The former had the advantage of a good instrumental accompaniment, and sang as encores to her songs "I am a merry Zingara," and "Bessie Gray." With Mr. Ewart she sang Wade's pretty duett, "I've wand'red in dreams," and for an encore engaged with him in a comic duett. Mr. Ewart must not let his desire to be useful and accommodating tempt him to imperil his deserved repute as a vocalist, by the repetition of any similar miscalculation. This gentleman sang very pleasingly as an encore to his "Tom Bowling," Shield's touching little air "The Thorn" . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (16 March 1859), 5 

Handel's "Israel in Egypt" was performed last night, for the first time in Melbourne . . . Mr. Ewart, whose connection with this association dates from its commencement, and who, without any pretension to distinction, has exhibited a progressive improvement at every fresh meeting of the society, undoubtedly secured to him last night the chief portion of credit. He gave the opening recitative not only with care, but with much more expression than he has been in the habit of displaying; and in the delivery of the inspiriting air "The enemy said I will pursue" he employed a dramatic earnestness which astonished those who have had occasion to regret his ordinarily almost mechanical intonation. He was very unanimously encored in this air . . .

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (10 September 1859), 2 

Last Monday evening Mr. Fred. Younge took his benefit, the entertainments on the occasion consisting of the comedy of "Weak Points," a very pleasing musical melange, in which Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Younge, and Mr. Ewart took part, and the good old farce of "The Windmill" . . .

"THE PEOPLE'S CONCERT", The Age (19 September 1859), 6 

The second People's Concert, held on Saturday evening in the Trades' Hall, Lygon street, on Saturday evening, was reasonably well attended. The programme contained several novelties, and though not numerous in its items, it was nearly doubled by encores. The artistes engaged in its interpretation were Miss Hamilton, Miss James, Mr. Ewart, and an efficient glee party. One of the novelties of the evening was the singing by Mr. Ewart of Linley's song "Riflemen Form!" - founded on the well known words by Tennyson. As an encore, Mr. Ewart sung the fine old air "The Thorn," written by Shield, which he trolled forth with the happiest effect . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (8 December 1859), 6 

. . . Mr. Ewart's delivery of the air, "Then shall the righteous shine," as well as his excellent declamation in "Man of God," showed that he had made the tenor role of "Elijah" the subject of careful study . . .

MELBOURNE (From our own Correspondent) Saturday, Dec. 31, 1859", Geelong Advertiser (3 January 1860), 2 

The Military Concert given this afternoon in aid of the funds of the Lying-in-Hospital is a success of a most marked character. The Botanical Gardens on no previous occasion has been so patronised, this being due in some measure to the season of the year. The concert commenced at three o'clock, and was proceeding when this report closed. The vocalisation of Mr. Ewart in the song of "The White Squall," the grand duet from "Il Trovatore," by Miss Hamilton and M.r Farquharson, and the trio from the opera of the "Mountain Sylph," "This Magic Wove Scarf," by Miss Hamilton and Messrs. Farquharson and Ewart were rapturously applauded . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1861), 8 

CARD.- MUSICAL ACADEMY, Mr. and Mrs. EWART, Cecil-street south, Emerald Hill.

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", ,The Argus (31 January 1861), 5 

. . . the committee acknowledge the valuable services rendered to the society by Mr. Ewart . . .

[News], The Argus (10 April 1861), 4 

The Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave their first subscription concert for the year in the Exhibition Building last night . . . Mr. Ewart was in good voice, and sang the air, "In native worth," very satisfactorily . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (24 July 1861), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL. Solo Lessee and Director, Mr. W. S. Lyster.
On which Occasion the Superb Oratorio of ELIJAH Will be given in a Style never before attempted in the Colony . . .
Madame Lucy Escott - Soprano
Miss Georgia Hodson - Contralto
Miss Bailey - Soprano
Miss Mortley - Soprano
Mr. Henry Squires - Tenor
Mr. Williams - Tenor
Mr. Ewart - Tenor
Mr. Farquharson - Bass
Mr. Angus - Bass
Honorary Conductor, Herr Elsasser.
Honorary Organist, Mr. Louis L. Lewis.
Wednesday, 31st July, HAYDON'S CREATION
Will be given in the same Style of Magnificence and with all the abovenamed Artists,
which will positively be the Last Appearance of the OPERA COMPANY, prior to their Departure for Sydney, on Thursday, 1st of August.

"POLICE . . . DRUNKENNESS", The Argus (6 August 1861), 1 supplement 

William Smith, Euphemia Thompson, Eliza O'Flaherty, and Thomas Ewart, were lined 5s. each.

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (13 November 1861), 6 

Thomas Ewart, of Emerald Hill, musician. Causes of insolvency - Want of employment and pressure of creditors. Assets, £25; liabilities, £402 7s.; deficiency, £377 7s. Mr. Shaw, official assignee.

[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5 

The "Royal Italian and English Opera Glee Company," formed of the minor members of Mr. Lyster's opera troupe, gave a concert at the Prahran Town-hall last evening. Although the audience was not so numerous as could have been wished, there was a good deal of merit in the performance. None of the performers excepting Mr. T Ewart appeared to be familiar with a concert-room, but this did not affect their singing, which was marked throughout by well-sustained precision. The majority of the pieces were selections from operas, the soloists being Messrs. T. Ewart, Herr Sprinckhorn, and Messrs. Baker, Nathanson, and Ramsden. The pianist, Her Stockmeyer . . .

[News], The Argus (5 September 1865), 4 

The third concert this season of the Philharmonic Society will take place, at the Exhibition-building, to-night, when "The Creation" will be performed. The principal vocalists are Miss Bertha Watson, Mrs. Fox, Mr. T. Ewart (who takes the place of Mr. Exon), Mr. C. Blanchard, and Mr. S. Angus.

"DEATHS", The Australasian (17 February 1866), 8 

EWART. - On the 8th inst., at 6 Carlton-street, Margaret Jane, infant daughter of Thomas and Katherine Ewart, aged five months.


. . . Throughout the evening the proceedings were pleasantly enlivened by the performance of sacred music. Mr. Bohn presided at the harmonium; and the choir of St. Andrew's Church, presided over and led by Mr. Ewart, "discoursed music" most successfully . . .


Mr. Candler yesterday held an inquest at Emerald-hill upon the body of Thomas Ewart, who died in the hospital on the previous day from the result of self-inflicted injuries. The deceased was a musician, over fifty years of age, and he lived at the Hit or Miss Hotel, Clarendon-street. On the previous day he cut his throat, making a large wound. He admitted that he had cut it himself with a razor found in the room. The deceased had been drinking heavily lately. Mr. A. Murray, resident surgeon of the Melbourne Hospital, deposed that when deceased was admitted to the hospital he was very weak, and died three hours afterwards. The cause of death was disease of the lungs, accelerated by the wound in the throat. The jury returned a verdict to the effect that deceased committed suicide whilst of unsound mind.

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (21 November 1878), 3 

Referring to the recent suicide in Melbourne of a man named Thomas Ewart, the Ararat Advertiser says: - He was a well-known vocalist. To those who remember the Philharmonic Society's concerts at the old Exhibition building, in William-street, when Octavia Hamilton was the soprano, Sarah Flower contralto, and Farquharson the basso, the tenor needs no naming, but to other readers and the younger colonists he may have been heard of as Tom Ewart. At the time of his fame he was unequalled in Victoria in his particular line, but a series of misfortunes followed his career year after year until they appear to have culminated of late in transactions that evidently unhinged his mind. In the hey day of his prosperity his genial qualities made him hosts of friends, but, as usual, adverse circumstances led to their alienation, and pecuniary difficulties for a lengthened period preceded his death.

EWENS, William (William EWENS; W. EWENS; Mr. EWENS)

Amateur vocalist, publican

Born Chichester, England, c. 1810
Married Sarah SPILLER (1812-1860), St. George's, Bloomsbury, London, 21 October 1832
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 25 September 1839 (per Prince Regent, from London, 6 June)
Died Adelaide, 6 July 1848, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Ewens and his family arrived in South Australian with his father-in-law, Robert Spiller (1790-1847), and young brother-in-law Emanuel Spiller. Also on the ship was George Bennett, and he and Ewens were billed as both recently arrived "from Chichester" when they assisted at Charles Platts's lecture on music in October 1839.

Ewens then appeared for Platts and Bennett at what was billed as the first professional concert in Adelaide in February 1840, joining William Edwards in singing glees and catches, and giving as a solo Rodwell's Maiden, I will ne'er (from Paul Clifford).

While licensee of the Plough and Harrow in Rundle-street, he continued to sing regularly at concerts and public events until shortly before his death in 1848.

The Register noted that there was no music at his funeral:

we were disappointed . . . as, we confess, we expected the members of the Choral Society would have sung a requiem over the body of one who had so often infused the soul of harmony into their proceedings.


"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Advertiser (18 February 1840), 2 

CONCERT - at Mr. SOLOMON'S Rooms, in Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" - Handel.
GLEE - A LADY; Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT and EDWARDS, "Here in cool grot." - Mornington.
SONG - Mr. EDWARDS, "Mariners of England - Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr. BENNETT - Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, - "E fia Fer" - Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath." - Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth." - Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus." - Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" - Bishop.
SONG - Mr. EWENS, "Maiden, I will ne'er." - Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and Piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Zelmira" - Herz & Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS, "Would you know." - Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be hail at the newspaper offices, and of Messrs. Platte and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the church.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

. . . Mr. Ewens, who is a steady, and evidently a good musician, sustained his part in several glees, and sung a very sweet English song by Rodwell, the name of which we forget at this moment, with great simplicity and taste . . .

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (9 February 1841), 1 supplement 

BEG respectfully to inform the Gentry and Public of Adelaide and its vicinity, that their
CONCERT will take place in the large room in the South Australian Company's Building, Rundle-street, on
WEDNESDAY, February 10, 1841.
The principal Performers will be -
No pains will be spared to render the Orchestra as complete as possible . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNET Beg to announce their intention of giving a CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC, In the large Room of the South Australian Company's buildings, Rundle-street.
ON FRIDAY, AUGUST 13th, 1841.
Principal Performers: Mrs. ELLIOT, and a Lady Amateur.
Messrs. EDWARDS, EWENS, LEE, POOLE, ELLIOT, and BENNETT, assisted by Gentlemen Amateurs.
QUARTETT - Mrs. Elliot, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, and Poole - Thou art gone to the Grave - GREATOREX.
AIR - Mr. Ewens - I know that my Redeemer liveth - HANDEL . . .
CHORUS - And the Glory - HANDEL.
PART 2nd . . .
ANTHEM - Lady Amateur and Mr. Ewens - Hear my Prayer - KENT . . .
TRIO - Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, & Bennett - Disdainful of Danger - HANDEL.
GRAND CHORUS - The Heavens are telling - HAYDN . . .

"THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY'S PLOUGHING MATCH", South Australian (8 August 1845), 2

. . . Many good toasts were given, and songs sung; among which, we should not omit to mention some beautiful glees by Messrs. Ewens, Harward, and Bennett . . .

"THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (9 August 1845), 3

. . . The entire evening was spent in the most cheerful manner. Several gentlemen, besides Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harward, contributed their vocal talents to the harmony of the meeting . . .

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (15 December 1847), 4

St. John's Church was reopened last Sunday morning, by the Rev. Mr. Bagshaw, who preached from John iv., 24, and chiefly rested on the origin and utility of the book of common prayer. The congregation was but small, owing to the extreme heat of the day, and Trinity Church not being closed, as had been at first arranged. The music was magnificently conducted by Mr. Bennett, with his rich-toned harmonia, and the singing finely performed by Messrs. Ewens, Mitchell, Yams, Harward, and Hornabrook, who kindly volunteered their services for the occasion. The public of Adelaide are certainly indebted to these accomplished singers for the numerous instances in which they have aided benevolent purposes by their talents . . .

"DIED", South Australian Register (8 July 1848), 2

On Friday morning at his residence Unley, of consumption, after a lingering illness, Mr. William Ewens, aged 38 years, leaving a widow and large family to lament his loss. The deceased was a native of Chichester, and a chorister of the Cathedral for several years; he was also an old and much respected colonist, and has died greatly regretted by a large circle of friends. His funeral will take place on Sunday morning, when it is the intention of his brother Odd Fellows, and the members of the Choral Society to follow him to the grave.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 July 1848), 2

The funeral of Brother Ewens, of the Hope Lodge of Oddfellows, M.U., took place on Sunday last, as arranged by the District Officers. A strong muster of brothers attended at half-nast nine in the morning, at the Lodge Room, and after the usual ceremonies started for the residence of the late brother in Unley. P.G.M. Wicksteed, supported by D.P.G M Dyke and C.S. Hillier, headed the melancholy procession, which, under the guidance of the District Marshal, P.G. Ashton preserved throughout a propriety befitting the solemn occasion. The remains of the deceased brother were conveyed in a hearse to St. John's Church, the brothers following, where, we confess, we were disappointed, as we expected the members of the Choral Society would have sung a requiem over the body of one who had so often infused the soul of harmony into their proceedings. Brother Woodcock read the burial service in his most impressive manner, and the procession then followed the body to the Cemetery. The Rev. Jas. Farrell and several other gentlemen joined on the way. The oration was read at the grave by the P.G.M., who appeared to be deeply affected. The funeral arrangements were calculated to reflect great credit oh the Order, and we noticed several strangers who seemed struck with the number (between 80 and 100) and evident respectability of the brethren in procession.

EWING, Alexander (Alexander EWING; Alick EWING; A. C. EWING [sic])

Pianist, composition competition judge (Gawler Music Prize), composer, commissariat officer

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 3 January 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 24 May 1857 (per R. M. Mills, from London, 9 February)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 19 May 1860 (per Young Australian, for Hong Kong)
Died Taunton, England, 11 July 1895 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (WorldCat identities) (shareable link to this entry)


Alexander Ewing (1830-1895), best known musically as composer of the famous hymn tune assigned to Jerusalem the golden in the 1861 first edition of Hymns ancient and modern. He had composed it Aberdeen in 1853, for another J. M. Neale translation, "For Thee, O Dear, Dear Country," originally in 3/4 time, and he is said to have objected to the 1861 assignment, being completely unsuited, "pathetic, not triumphant".

In his late twenties, Ewing spent 3 years in Adelaide, as a member of the Commissariat staff, from May 1857 to May 1860. Evidently a capable pianist, he was first documented as appearing in public, playing with fellow amateur pianist and professional public servant Francis Dutton in Osborne's Grand duo on subjects from Les huguenots (1849), and with violinist Richard Baxter White in Vieuxtemps's Fantaisie caprice (1842), in a "grand concert" on 10 June 1858 for the Indian Relied Fund, with also featured visiting artists Maria Carandini and Lewis Lavenu, and other members of their company.

He next performed, again with Dutton and White, at a meeting of the South Australian Institute on 28 July 1858, and he and Dutton were probably also the "amateurs" referred to as performing at another meeting of the institute in September.

Ewing's name was among the published list of patrons for Cesare Cutolo's Adelaide concert on 15 June 1859. But his most important lasting contribution to South Australian music was to serve as one of the judges for the 1859 Gawler Institute music prize. On 4 November 1859, he and fellow judges Dutton, William Holden, and George Chinner, awarded the first prize to Carl Linger for his setting of The song of Australia, as well as choosing 2 other settings by Linger, and one by Cutolo as runners-up.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (26 May 1857), 2

ARRIVED . . . Sunday, May 24 . . . The ship R. M. Mills, 874 tons, N. P. Sturges, master, from London February 9. J. Stilling and Co, agents. Passengers - Mr. R. B. Lucas, Mrs. Lucas, family, and servant, Deputy Assistant Commissary-General Monek, and Mr. A. Ewing, Commissariat Staff, in the cabin . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 June 1858), 1 

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE INDIAN RELIEF FUND", South Australian Register (11 June 1858), 3 

. . . An interval of 10 minutes followed this part of the entertainment. That having expired, the Hon. F. S. Dutton and Mr. A. Ewing, played a duet from the "Huguenots" on the pianoforte. Their execution was perfect, the latter named gentleman proving himself to be a master of the instrument to an extent seldom looked for and rarely met with in an amateur. On being encored, the overture to "Zampa" was substituted and played brilliantly . . .

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (31 July 1858), 5 

. . . The musical portion of the entertainment was divided into two parts, the lecture intervening. The two gentlemen amateurs announced to perform the duo-piano - the Overture to "Massaniello" - were the Hon. F. S. Dutton, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Mr. Ewing. They were quite competent to do justice to Auber's brilliant music, and their accomplished instrumentation elicited not only an enthusiastic round of applause, but an earnest encore, which was kindly responded to by those gentlemen giving with, if possible, still greater spirit the Overture to "Oberon" by C. M. von Weber. The same gentlemen gave, as a duet on the piano, Schuloff's Victoria Waltz, and each took pianoforte part in duets, with Mr. R. B. White on the violin. While Mr. White drew repeated plaudits for his masterly execution on the violin in an arrangement of the airs from "La Sonnambula" and variations of "Auld Lang Syne," Messrs. Dutton and Ewing were equally and as deservedly applauded for their exquisite performance in the same pieces on the piano . . .

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (23 September 1858), 2 

On Wednesday evening last the periodical conversazione, in connection with the South Australian Institute, took place at White's Assembly Room. His Excellency the Governor presided. There were also on the platform the Hon. the Treasurer, the Hon. the Commissioner of Crown Lands, the Hon. C. Davies, Mr. H. Mildred, M.P., the Dean of Adelaide, Mr. J. H. Clark, Mr. Commissariat Ewing, and Mr. N. Hailes, Secretary to the Institute . . . The musical portion of the entertainment consisted of a choice variety of compositions, in which two gentlemen amateurs played prominent parts by their finished performances on the piano . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (15 June 1859), 1 

SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT AT WHITE'S ROOMS . . . THIS EVENING (WEDNESDAY), June 15. Under the Patronage of His Excellency Sir R. G. Macdonnell . . . A. C. Ewing, Esq. . . .

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2 

The Judges who had undertaken to decide upon the music set to the "Song of Australia" met yesterday, and, after due examination, agreed to the following report: -

"The Judges appointed to award the prize for the best musical composition set to the words of the prize song, entitled "The Song of Australia," met on Friday, the 4th November - present, Messrs. Dutton, Ewing, Chinner, and Holden. Twenty-three compositions were examined, and the prize was unanimously awarded to the composition bearing the motto "One of the Quantity." Those bearing the mottoes "Long Live our Gracious Queen," "Garibaldi," and "Con Amore" so nearly equalled the prize composition in merit that the Judges had great difficulty in coming to a decision.

"Francis S. Dutton.

"A. Ewing.

"Geo. W. Chinner.

"Wm. Holden."

Immediately upon receiving this report we telegraphed to the Secretary of the Gawler Institute to ascertain the name of the successful competitor, and we find from his reply that the composer who has thus distinguished himself is Mr. Carl Linger.

"MUSIC TO THE PRIZE POEM", South Australian Register (7 November 1859), 2 

"No. 115. Military and volunteer sub-estimates. Ordered by the House of Assembly to be printed, 27th July 1860", Proceedings of the Parliament of South Australia 3 (1860) 

. . . the saving is effected . . . by reducing the number of Privates from 96 to 65, and departure of one of the Commissariat Staff (Ewing) . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated London News (14 March 1863), 15

JERUSALEM THE GOLDEN. Sacred Song. Blockley's only authorised edition of this popular Hymn, beautifully Illustrated, 2s. 6d. Composed by ALEXANDER EWING. Inscribed to the Lord Bishop of Argyll. Published by J. BLOCKLEY, Park-road, Hampstead; Cramer, 201, Regent-street.

[Obituary], The Times [London] (16 July 1895); copied Dundee Evening Telegraph (17 July 1895), 2

Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Ewing, Staff-Paymaster, who died Taunton on the 11th inst., was the only son Alexander Ewing, M.D., of Tartowie and Aberdeen, was born in 1830. After studying at Heidelberg, where he devoted himself chiefly to music and the German language, he decided to join the Commissariat Department on the outbreak of the Crimean War, and was sent out to Constantinople. Here his abilities as a linguist rendered his services very useful. Bishop Alexander Ewing, of Argyle and the Isles, was his father's cousin, and assisted his relative on Dr. Ewing's death. It may be interesting to some readers to mention the fact that during Alexander Ewing's absence abroad the Bishop sent his cousin's well-known setting of the hymn "Jerusalem the Golden" to the editors of "Hymns Ancient and Modern," and, owing to the cousin's bearing the same Christian name, the Bishop was commonly credited with having composed the tune. He next served during the campaign in the North of China, 1860, and received the China medal. He also served in the operations against the Taeping rebels near Shanghai in 1862, and was present at the taking of the stockade of Nahzain . . .

[Obituary], The Bookman [London] (1895), 130

The death is announced of Lieut.-Col. Alexander Ewing, whose first wife was Juliana Horatia Gatty, the famous author of "The Story of a Short Life." Lieut.-Col. Ewing was himself a notable man. In an article in the Aberdeen Free Press, by Mr. William Carnie, it is mentioned that in the fifties Ewing began law in a firm - Messrs. J. & A. Blaikie - then well-known over the whole north of Scotland. "But it was not in this connection that 'Alick' (as he continued to be fondly called) won popularity and held special place. Daily to be seen in Union Street, his slim, daintily-dressed figure, cane in hand, claimed admiring attention from the initiated, for, as he appeared at concerts, he early obtained and justly sustained he early obtained and justly sustained the reputation of being the most talented young musician in the city." He composed a tune which was published in "Hymns Ancient and Modern," and is sometimes called "Ewing," and at other times "Argyle." It is generally set by editors to the verses "Jerusalem the Golden," also it perhaps brings out with finer feeling the section of the same Latin hymn beginning "For thee, O dear, dear country." Ewing eventually decided to join the Commissariat Department of the army, and went out to Constantinople in 1855, during the Crimean war. He afterwards served in China and South Australia. He returned to England in 1866, and in 1867 married Miss Gatty . . .

Musical works:

Hymn tune "Ewing", Hymns ancient and modern . . . [first edition] (London : J. Alfred Novello, 1861), no. 142 

Jerusalem the golden, the poetry by Bernard De Morlaix, translated by J. M. Neale; the music composed by Alexander Ewing (London: John Blockley, [1863]) 

Bibliography and resources:

R. G. McCutchen, Our hymnody: a manual of the Methodist Hymnal (New York: Abingdon Press, 1937), 513

At the close of a meeting of the Aberdeen Harmonic Choir, Mr. Ewing approached Mr. Carnie, its distinguished leader, and told him he had been trying his hand at hymn-tune writing, asking that the tune be sung by the choir. This was done, and it was found acceptable. He had set the tune to the part of Bernard's hymn beginning "For thee, O dear, dear country," not "Jerusalem the golden," the part of the same hymn to which it is now universally sung. It was written in 3 time . . .

Thomas E. Blom (ed.), Canada home: Juliana Horatia Ewing's Fredericton letters, 1867-1869 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1983) (PREVIEW)

"Alexander Ewing (composer)", Wikipedia

EWING, Robert Kirkwood (Robert Kirkwood EWING; the Rev. R. K. EWING)

Presbyterian minister (later Anglican priest), amateur musician, songwriter

Born near Glasgow, Scotland, c.1823
Arrived Australia, c. 1840
Died 10 April 1899, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (7 February 1857), 2 

The Fourth Quarterly Concert of the Launceston Philharmonic Society came off last evening at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms. There was a large attendance, and late comers had much difficulty in securing seats. The pieces selected were of a pleasing character, and were given with a spirit and taste which reflect much credit upon the Conductor and the Society generally. Considering the short time the society has been in existence, it is evident that considerable labor on the part of Mr. Adams and diligent practice by the members must have been necessary to produce so pleasing a result. There were voices distinguishable last evening which promise well to repay the trouble of cultivation. Between the second and third parts his Worship the Mayor, by special request, conveyed to the President, and through him to the members of the Society generally, the thanks of the visitors for the intellectual treat they had experienced. The Rev. R. K. Ewing acknowledged the compliment, and said that though the Society had made considerable progress, they were not yet in a position to practice the kind of music to which they aspired - such as Handel's Oratorios. The Society required considerable augmentation before pieces of that character could be effectively given, and he appealed to the visitors for assistance in carrying out the objects of the Society which had been established more for the good of the community than for the Individual gratification of its members. The Rev. Mr. Brooke ably presided at the piano on this occasion.

"TASMANIAN ANTHEM", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 February 1858), 2 

Words by the Rev. R. K. Ewing. - Music by John Adams.

All hail to thee, our Island home,
Bright skies unmatched thy glories dome,
Inviting back, where'er we roam,
Star of the Southern Sea.
All beauty spreads thy woodland's o'er,
Each wave that breaks against thy shore,
Shouts to the world, with glad uproar,
Thou art, and shalt be free.

God guard from foes our native land,
And help us bravely to withstand,
The might and skill of those who band
To crush Tasmania;
And sheltered by the parent arm
Of British power from every harm,
We'll sing, of loyalty the charm,
God bless Victoria.

May peace thy future ages grace,
High Justice ever find a place,
To save thy laws from foul disgrace,
And ever make thee smile.
Religion o'er thy sons preside,
And humble worth, not wealthy pride,
For ever in their midst abide,
God bless Tasmania.

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5 

"OBITUARY. CANON R. K. EWING", Launceston Examiner (12 April 1899), 5 

The Sydney telegrams appearing in yesterday's issue contained brief intimation of the death of Canon Ewing, for many years incumbent of Inverell. This is the Rev. Robert Kirkwood Ewing, for 19 years connected with the Presbyterian Church in Launceston. A native of Scotland, deceased came early in life to the colonies, landing in Sydney when he was only sixteen. In the 40's he settled in Tasmania, and prior to coming to Launceston was an Independent minister at Green Ponds. Later he was induced to join the Presbyterian Church, and about 1847 took the position of assistant to, and eventually succeeded, Rev. J. Anderson at the old kirk in Charles street, where now stand Mr. Walden's offices and stores. His ministrations were so successful there that the capacity of the building was so over-taxed as to render it necessary to erect a larger edifice. In 1850 the foundation-stone of St. Andrew's was laid, and the large sum of £4000 expended in its erection. The pastor threw himself heart and soul into the work, and such was his energy and so indefatigable his efforts in devising and carrying out ways of raising funds that in about 18 months the whole of the cost of the new building was defrayed. For 19 years in all deceased occupied the pulpit of first the old and then the new church, and was succeeded by the Rev. John Gardner. He then crossed over to Melbourne, taking the control of Scott's Private College, and ultimately went to Beechworth, joining the ranks of the Church of England, and being subsequently appointed to Inverell (N.S.W.). He was a canon and rural dean of the Episcopalian Church. Deceased was characterised by marked ability and unbounded energy. He pursued his ministerial labours with great devotion, and especially in the important branch of Sunday-school work. He was a man of many parts, and talents too. An effective orator, it was always a pleasure to listen to what fell from his lips; in addition to which he was a poet, musician, and brilliant conversationalist. The canon some months back paid a visit to Launceston, of which his widow was a resident, being a daughter of Mr. Sanden, Windmill Hill.


The mode of conducting the praise of God in Presbyterian churches by Alfred Priestley and the Rev. R. K. Ewing (Launceston: Printed by Charles Wilson, 1858) 

EWINS, Mary Louisa (Mary Louisa EWENS; Mrs. William EWINS; Mrs. W. EWINS)

Pianist, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 14 April 1840; daughter of James EWEN (c.1797-1881) and Ann DUNN (1801-1852)
Married William EWINS, Armidale, NSW, 17 January 1859
Died Coburg, VIC, 29 November 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1859), 1 

On the 17th Instant, at Armidale, by the Rev. J. T. Dunne, R.C.M., Mr. William Ewins, of Armidale, to Mary Louisa, daughter of Mr. James Ewen, late of Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (8 February 1873), 5 

URALLA TEMPERANCE HALL . . . The Day's Proceedings will be closed by a VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT . . . Mrs. W. EWINS will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1874), 1

MRS. EWINS, accomplished Pianiste, receives pupils. Practice allowed Also engagements at private parties, &c. 274, Forbes street, and H. Buist, tobacconist, King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1875), 2

JUST PUBLISHED, "THE ARMIDALE GALOP" by Mrs. W. Ewins. Price 2s 6d, by post 2s 8d. To be had of all musicsellers.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1875), 5

. . . We have also to acknowledge the receipt of the "Armidale Galop," composed by Mrs. W. Ewins. The piece is not very difficult, and could be learnt with a little practice by a pianist of ordinary ability . . .

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (1 October 1875), 5 

Armidale Galop. JUST PUBLISHED the ARMIDALE GALOP, by Mrs. W. EWINS; Price, 2s. 6d.; by Post, 2s. 8d. Any Orders for Copies sent to Mrs. W. EWINS, 227, Palmer-street, Sydney, will receive prompt attention.

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND TEMPERANCE SOCIETY", Hawkesbury Chronicle (13 December 1884), 3

. . . Miss Lily Perry played a pianoforte solo, "Armidale Galop," and deserved all the applause she got, for her playing was quite brilliant . . .

"DEATHS", The Age (30 November 1906), 1 

EWINS. - On the 29th November, at Coburg, Mary Louisa, beloved wife of Wm. Ewins, aged 66 years.

Musical work:

The Armidale galop, for the piano forte, composed by Mrs. W. Ewins, dedicated to friends (Sydney: Published by the composer, [1875]) 

"This galop has been - prior to publication - played by its Composer, in the circles of the elite, in different parts of New England and elsewhere, and has ever proved a favorite."

EXON, Edwin (Edwin EXON; Mr. E. EXON)

Tenor vocalist, orphanage school superintendent and music teacher, librettist, poet

Born Bath, England, 5 March 1833; baptised St. James's, Bath, 24 March 1833; son of Richard EXON and Elizabeth SANDFORD
Married Frances Judith (Fanny) CHAPPLE, Bath, England, 26 July 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 January 1853 (per Winchester, from Bristol, 10 August 1852)
Died Hampton, Melbourne, VIC, 18 May 1910, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Edwin Exon (photograph, detail, of oil portrait, unveiled at Melbourne Orphan Asylum, 1910); State Library of Victoria

Edwin Exon (photograph, detail, of oil portrait, unveiled at Melbourne Orphan Asylum, 1910) 


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Saint James Bath . . . in the year 1833; Somerset Archives 

No. 794 / March 24th / Edwin son of / Richard & Elizabeth / Exon / Gallagher's Buildings / Cordwainer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 September 1853), 1

EXON. - Mrs. Exon, who came out by the Winchester in January, will hear from her brother by enclosing her address to H. J. Chapple, Post Office, Melbourne.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (10 March 1855), 4

On Thursday, 22nd ult., at Prahran, the wife of Edwin Exon, late of Abbey-street, Bath, of a daughter.


. . . I remain, Sir, your obedient servant,
E. EXON, Corresponding Secretary, Prahran Mechanics' Institution, 26th March, 1856.

[Advertisement], The Age (26 January 1857), 1 

The New Building will be opened on Monday, 26th inst., at 8 p.m., by his Excellency Sir H. Barkly. The entertainment will comprise a grand concert, at which Mrs. Testar, Mr. John Gregg, Mr. White, and other vocalists will assist. Brief addresses will be delivered by several leading members of the Legislature. Tickets, 7s 6d. For particulars see programme. S. WEBB, E. EXON, Secretaries.

[Advertisement], The Age (8 November 1861), 1

Recitative - "So willed my father, now at rest" - Mr. Exon.
Trio - "Disdainful of danger" - Master Cook, Mr. Exon, and Mr. Richardson . . .

"THE MESSIAH. THE PHILHARMONIC", The Argus (26 December 1862), 5

The Philharmonic Society gave their tenth annual performance of the people's oratorio, as the "Messiah" has been not inaptly termed, at the Exhibition Building, on Wednesday night . . . The principal vocalists, were Miss Hamilton, Mrs. Batten, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Exon, and Mr. Angus, and the generally careful manner in which the solo music had been worked up was highly creditable to the performers . . . The tenor part was divided between Messrs. Jackman and Exon, whose careful rendering of the music entrusted to them showed clearly that they had spared no labour in preparing for the performance . . .

"GOOD FRIDAY CONCERT", The Argus (26 March 1864), 6

. . . The performance was in two parts. The first was the repetition of Rossini's "Stabat Mater," in nearly the same style as on Tuesday evening last at the Exhibition-building. Except that there was a thought more steadiness in the choruses, especially the last, there was no difference, and the soloists, Miss Emma Howson, Miss Clelia Howson, Mr. F. Howson, and Mr. Exon sang, if anything, better than before; at all events, the admirable acoustic properties of the room gave a tremendous advantage, which added materially to the effect . . .

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

A bazaar, which promises to be a great success, was opened yesterday afternoon in the Exhibition Building, in aid of the funds of the Melbourne Orphan Asylum . . . The bazaar was opened at three o'clock in the afternoon, when about 280 boys and girls, inmates of the asylum, sang several hymns, chants, and rounds with a precision which reflects credit on their instructor, Mr. Exon. After this, selections were given by the Philharmonic Society from "The Messiah" and "The Mount of Olives," Mr. G. R. G. Pringle conducting, and Mr. D. Lee presiding at the organ . . .

"MUSIC", The Argus (23 January 1878), 3s

. . . On the following night a concert was given in the Mechanics' Institute, Emerald Hill, by Mrs. J. Bunce, in which Mrs. Smythe, Miss Christian, Mr. Exon, and Mr. S. Lamble took part. Mr. Edward King was leader of the orchestra . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 May 1910), 1

EXON. - On the 18th May, at his late residence, "Elizabeth-house," Grenville-street, Hampton, Edwin Exon, late superintendent of the Melbourne Orphan Asylum, aged 77 years.

"PERSONAL ITEMS", The Ballarat Star (19 May 1910), 1 

"MR. EDWIN EXON", Leader (4 June 1910), 22 

We regret to announce that Mr. Edwin Exon died on Monday, 16 May [sic], at his residence, in Grenville-street, Hampden, at the age of 77 years. He was for upwards of fifty years superintendent of the Melbourne Orphan Asylum. He retired from active work last September, having rendered most valuable services to that institution for a half-century and more. In his younger days he was Melbourne's leading tenor, and was always a devotee of music. His other hobby was chess, and until three years ago he took an active part in tournaments and team matches. He was a member of the Melbourne Chess Club, and was at the date of his death the only survivor of those who had helped to found the club in 1866.

Musical and literary works:

The lost flower found and other poems by Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Evans & Foster, 1862) 

The Victorian jubilee ode, written by Edwin Exon, and composed by Alfred Plumpton expressly for the Metropolitan Liedertafel, Melbourne (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1887]) 

Lyrical dramas, poems and translations by Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Samuel Mullen, 1888) 

Poems, Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Lothian, 1907) 

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