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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–G

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–G", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 31 March 2020

- G -

GABB, John Gough

Violinist (of the Gloucester and Worcester musical festivals), conductor (Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society), sign-painter

Born Gloucestershire, England, c. 1819
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852
Died Geelong, VIC, 14 April 1904, aged 85, a colonist of 52 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (29 April 1854), 4

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (17 September 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 September 1855), 3

"GEELONG", The Argus (23 August 1856), 7

"NEW AND NOTES", The Star (23 October 1863), 2

. . . St. Paul's Church choir . . . have for many months been rehearsing, with the most praiseworthy energy, selections from the works of two of the greatest masters in sacred vocal composition, with a view to public performance in aid of the fund for purchasing an organ of some size for use in St. Paul's Church . . . Mr. Gabb, of the Gloucester and Worcester musical festivals, as leader . . .

"GRAND SACRED CONCERT", The Star (24 October 1863), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (25 March 1864), 2

"DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (15 April 1904), 1 


Professor of Music, flautist

Born c.1833
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by June 1857
Married Harriet GOLDING, Hobart, TAS, 8 January 1859
Died Albert Park, Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1891, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto; Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa. Herr Ellerner will preside at the piano . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (15 August 1857), 6

"NEWCASTLE THEATRE", Northern Times (24 October 1857), 1

Mr. Grant's benefit on Monday night, was but thinly attended - owing to the tremendous rain which kept pouring down during the whole of the evening. The players however performed with great spirit ... Signor Gagliardi (son of general Gagliardi of the Sardinian service) performed a solo on the flute, which would have been extremely effective, had there been a proper pianoforte accompaniment. His style of playing is chaste, brilliant, and refined. The piece selected was the beautiful cavatina "Roberte toi que Jaime" from Meyerbeer's opera of "Robert the Devil". Signor Gagliardi upon being loudly and heartily encored, substituted the Fra Poco, from Lucia di Lammermoor, and played it very expressively and with much taste.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (29 May 1858), 3

Marriages in the districh of Hobart, 1859; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:859049; RGD37/1/18 no 278 

"THE FAKIR OF OOLU", The Press (2 July 1875), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (20 March 1891), 1

GAGLIARDI. - On the 19th inst., at his residence, 19 1/2 Service-crescent, Albert-park, Giacinto, the dearly-beloved husband of Harriett Gagliardi.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (27 March 1891), 1s

"DRAMATIC NOTES", The Lorgnette (March 1891), 2 

We regret to learn of the death of Signor Giacinto Gagliardi, one the oldest musicians in the colony. The deceased was well-known as a conductor and instrumentalist for many years past. His demise took place at his residence, Albert Park, on the 19th inst. Sig. Gagliardi made his first appearance in Melbourne, as a flautist, at Rowe's Circus, June 10th, 1854.

Bibliography and resources:

Query: ? related to Americo GAGLIARDI, later Melba's flautist, who appeared early as a child in Adelaide Liedertafel concerts in 1902 and 1903. 


Lithographer and printer, music lithographer and printer (Penman and Galbraith)

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 20 February 1822
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 December 1848 (emigrant per Hooghly)
Died Norwood, SA,16 February 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

GALE, Thomas Theodore

Bass vocalist

Born England, c.1825-30
Married Adelaide Francis COBBIN, Bloomsbury, England, 1845
Active Adelaide, SA, 1849-55; ? Melbourne, VIC, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Gale married Adelaide Cobbin, daughter of William Cobbin (senior), in London in 1845.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (26 January 1849), 2

ARRIVED. January 23 - The barque Derwent, 365 tons, J. McPherson, from London, 27th September. Passengers . . . Mr., Mrs, and Miss Gale . . .

"NORFOLK LODGE OF ODD-FELLOWS. M. U.", South Australian (2 March 1849), 2

. . . The next toast given, as a matter of course, was "Prince Albert and the Royal Family," which was followed by a capital song very well sung, by a newly-arrived gentleman named Gale, who, when his vocal powers became known, was frequently solicited to favor the company in a similar way, to which he on every occasion most readily and handsomely acquiesced . . .

"NORFOLK LODGE OF ODD-FELLOWS", Adelaide Times (5 March 1849), 2 

. . . Several gentlemen sang during the evening with considerable taste and effect, especially Messrs. Gale, Yems, Hillier, and Penrucker. The former gentleman, Mr. Gale, is an excellent singer. His bass has not only extraordinary compass, but also most exquisitely modulated sweetness. His singing of "The Ship on Fire," "The Heather Bloom," "The Standard Bearer," and "I'll not beguile thee from thy home," were vociferously applauded. This young gentleman has only arrived lately from England, but from the agreeable talent that he so amply possesses, we may safely predict to him numerous applications for his presence at future convivialities in Adelaide . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 1

"MR. GALE'S CONCERT", South Australian (16 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (20 November 1849), 3

"MR. GALE'S CONCERT", South Australian (23 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (19 August 1851), 2

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS. MR. GALE, THE VOCALIST", Adelaide Observer (4 December 1852), 2 

On Saturday night a party in the public room of the York Hotel, Rundle-street, had amused themselves with songs and glees a little beyond the usnal hour of closing, and received a hint from the waiter that it was time for them to retire. Upon this most of them left; but Mr. Gale, the well-known vocalist, who formed one of the company, was inclined to sit a little longer. Inspector Rose, of the Mounted Police, who was also there, jocosely, as we are informed, offered to turn him out - saying, that, as he was the only Policeman present, it was his duty to clear the room. Mr. Gale unfortunately, resented his interference, and struck at him. Inspector Rose fell against the wall, but, immediately recovering himself, returned the blow by a stroke from a heavy hammer handled whip which he had in his hand. The effect was instantaneous - the poor vocalist fell to the ground insensible, and with a bleeding wound above the temple. Dr. J. Moore was immediately called in, and found the skull fractured. The patient, up to last night, was doing, far better than could have been expected, having perfect possession of his intellects, and being subject to very little pain. Inspector Rose has been relieved of duty by the Commissioner of Police, and is at present confined to his quarters, awaiting the result, of which we trust we may shortly be able to report favourably.

"THE ASSAULT ON MR. GALE", South Australian Register (13 December 1852), 3 

At the Police Court, on Friday, William Rose, Inspector of Police, appeared before H. R. Wigley, Esq., Special Magistrate, upon the information of Adelaide Frances Gale, wife of Thomas Theodore Gale, ot Kooringa, vocalist, charging him upon suspicion with having on the 27th of November, feloniously assaulted the said Thomas Theodore Gale, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 June 1854), 4

"Obituaries of the Week. MRS. A. F. GALE", Observer (8 May 1909), 38 

The death is announced, at the age of 85 years, of Mrs. A. F. Gale, who for many years was in the employ of Messrs. James Marshall & Co. as head of the dressmaking department. Upon resigning that position she proceeded to Wellington, New Zealand, to live with her son (Mr. Thomas Gale), who figured prominently in public life in that city. Upon his death Mrs. Gale returned to Adelaide, where she resided until the time of her decease.


Music copyist, violinist, teacher of flute, violin, and harmony, quadrille and volunteer force band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s
Portland, VIC, 1870s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1861), 1

MR. T. GALLAGHER, Teacher of Violin, Flute, and Harmony. MR. T. GALLAGHER, Quadrille Violinist. Brass or string bands provided. Terms, reasonable. 115 Bathurst Street

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1862), 7

T. GALLAGHER, Musical Copyist to the Orpheonist Society. Music neatly copied, arranged, or transposed, to suit any voice or instrument. Instruction given on flute, violin, and harmony. 217, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 May 1863), 8

MR. T. GALLAGHER, Teacher of Music, is prepared to undertake the teaching of Volunteer Bands, Drums and Fifes, &c. Music suitably harmonised for either of the above, may be had on application to Mr. G, at his residence 217, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (2 January 1873), suppl. 1

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (28 November 1873), 3

"Friendly Societies' Sports: ST. PATRICK'S DAY", Portland Guardian (20 March 1874), 2

"VOLUNTEER BALL", Portland Guardian (27 November 1874), 2

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (16 March 1875), 3

"GALLAGHER'S QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY", Portland Guardian (19 March 1875), 2

"BATTALION PARADE", Portland Guardian (11 April 1876), 2

... The band has improved very much of late, and we learn that some "gems" are in rehearsal for the ever to be remembered demonstration of the twenty-seventh. It it is not too late, I would suggest that our worthy band master, Mr. Gallagher, would compose a piece of music to be called, for instance, the Governor's March, the Railway Galop, or some other appropriate name, in remembrance of such an eventful day in the annals of Portland as the 27th of April is expected to be.

"INSPECTION", Portland Guardian (20 June 1876), 2

... One great feature in the proceedings of the evening was the music of the band under the improved conditions of a new drum, cymbals, and other instruments, all of which appears to be the very best of their kind ... [Major Learmouth] must compliment Mr Gallagher for the great improvement made by the band, and be hoped the members would go on improving. Mr Gallagher, he held, was deserving of special thanks for the accuracy with which the different pieces are rendered, as this accuracy argues attention equally on the part of the Bandmaster, and the members.

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (20 July 1877), 2 

Challenge. HEARING that Mr. T. GALLAGHER and another person are talking a great deal about my cornet playing, I am quite prepared to play him for £20 at any time it will suit his convenience. THOMAS V. SHORT. Address, Post-office, Hamilton.

GALVIN, Charles

Bandmaster (St. Joseph's Band), clarionet player

Born Cork, Ireland, 1831
Arrived VDL (TAS), 21 November 1842 (per Royal Saxon)
Died Launceston, TAS, 7 October 1893, aged 62



"GRAND CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 September 1872), 2

"MUSICAL UNION CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 January 1875), 3

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (9 October 1893), 1

"OBITUARY. MR. CHARLES GALVIN", Launceston Examiner (9 October 1893), 7

Deep regret was expressed in the community yesterday when it became known that Mr. Charles Galvin, a very widely-respected resident of Launceston, had passed away ... The deceased was well known in the colony, and with old Launceston residents his name was as familiar as a house-hold word. He arrived here in the Royal Saxon on November 21, 1842, with his father, mother, aunt, and three brothers, and the family settled in Launceston. The deceased as a young man was possessed of those attributes which tend to make a good and useful citizen, and which strengthened as he grew older. He became a proficient builder, and with his brother, John Galvin, with whom he was associated in connection with that industry for many years, built the Town Hall, the Union and Commercial Banks, and in 1866 the Roman Catholic Church, besides many of the principal private and public structures of the city. Deceased was born in Cork, Ireland, in the year 1831, and though only a lad when he left his native country he was an ardent lover of Ireland and her people, and throughout his long and useful career in the colony he took a keen interest in all matters connected with his birthplace, his kindly spirit and earnest devotion to the amelioration of the troubles which beset Irishmen in the early days gaining for him the respect of his friends and the admiration of all who were acquainted with him, and could appreciate his sterling character. Three years after the arrival of the family in the colony, Mr. Charles Galvin, with a number of others, founded the St. Joseph's Band, and was associated with that body of musicians up to the time of his death. He was leader of the band for many years, and continued an active member until very recently, taking a keen interest in the various contests in which they took part. He was an earnest politician, and any movement that had for its object the welfare of Launceston had his support. He was on one occasion a candidate for municipal honours, but although he polled well he was defeated. He had many friends, indeed there were few citizens who were not acquainted with him or appreciated his worth ...

"ST. JOSEPH'S BAND. FIFTY YEARS' HISTORY", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1895), 3

"The World's Oldest Band Celebrates Its Centenary", Examiner (25 August 1945), 11


Actor, comic vocalist, songwriter

Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 1848


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (9 May 1849), 2 

... After the piece came a Comic Song by Mr Gardiner, descriptive of divers things which an old gentleman "does not like to see." Some of the hits were good, particularly one touching "mustachoed swells who can't post a mag," which caused the more ursine part of the audience to look queer ...

"THEATRE", Adelaide Times (14 May 1849), 3 

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (19 April 1854), 6 

Bibliography and resources:

[Joseph Gardiner], Twenty-five years on the stage: the career of an Australian actor, his experiences and vicissitudes (Adelaide: Christian Colonist Office, 1891) 

[Review], James Gardiner, "TWENTY-FIVE YEARS ON THE STAGE", Christian Colonist (23 October 1891), 8 

... The author's career in Australia opened in Adelaide, curiously enough, in 1848, in the old Victoria Theatre, Currie Street, now serving the more useful purpose of a horse bazaar. He had no desire to pursue the histrionic profession, but was induced to make an appearance on the stage as a comic soloist. Bis songs made a hit and though he left the theatre and spent some time as a driver of a post-cart between Adelaide and the Port, yet he was enticed to return. After a short season here he proceeded to Melbourne, and was there when the discovery of gold at Bendigo produced such a sensation. He caught the gold fever and went to the diggings, where he had fair success ...

Kay Walsh and Joy Hooton (eds), Australian autobiographical narratives: an annotated bibliography (Canberra: Australian Scholarly Editions Centre ADFA and National Library of Australia, 1993-1997) 


? Bandsman (Adelaide Town Band; Witton's Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, April 1850


"POLICE COURT", South Australian (26 April 1850), 3

Claimed to play in Henry Witton's band

GARMONE, Felix (? later Mr. GERMAN)

Vocalist, Ethiopian serenader

Active NSW, 1855-56


"HALL THE WIZARD, AND THE SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (24 November 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (5 February 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1

GASKARTH, Alexander A. (Alexander Adolphus GASKARTH)

Violinist, composer

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1859
Ipswich, QLD, until early 1861


"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (4 June 1859), 2

"BRISBANE", The North Australian (7 June 1859), 4


"MUSIC. MARYANN TO BLANCHE", The Moreton Bay Courier (3 August 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1860), 8

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (27 August 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (2 March 1861), 4

Musical works:

The separation polka ("TRADESMEN'S AND SEPARATION BALL", Brisbane, July 1859), probably the same work as:

The Queensland polka ("Composed and respectfully dedicated by permission to Lady Bowen by A. A. Gaskarth, Brisbane, Queensland, December 8th 1859; "Composed by A. Gackarth [sic]; Arranged for piano by S. Diggbi [Diggles?])

Item listed in Fletcher, John Degotardi, 118 (B32)

[August 1859] QUEENSLAND POLKA (The), just published, composed by Gaskarth and illustrated in colours, 2s. 6d, J. R. CLARKE, 356, George-street.

GASSNER, Giovanni (Ginanni, Girrome, Gerome; Signor GASSNER)

Bandmaster (bandmaster, band of the 50th Regiment, "Queen's Own"), composition teacher, composer, arranger

Born Naples, about 1829
Arrived New Zealand, via Melbourne, (1) November 1863 (per Himalaya)
Arrived NZ (2), 5 March 1866 (per Silver Eagle, from London)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by October 1866
Departed Sydney, NSW, by March 1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


On the 50th Regiment's second Australasian tour, Gassner and his band arrived in New Zealand in November 1863. Gassner remained until March 1865 when he and his wife sailed again, via Sydney, for London, returning to New Zealand in March 1866. By October 1866 the headquarters of the regiment ("The Queen's Own") with Gassner and band had relocated to Sydney.

In seeking out and arranging repertoire for his popular outdoor band recitals, Gassner fostered the talents of local composers (in New Zealand his band had played a valse "Waikato", by prolific fellow bandmaster, Mr. Bergmann of the 18th Regiment), notably a group of younger Sydney composers, including the former Christy's Minstrel C. W. Rayner, Rayner's friend pianist Alfred Anderson, and John Cash Neild junior. Rayner's music was of particular interest of Gassner, who introduced band arrangements of many of his songs, as well as several times performing his own Grand potpourri on Rayner's melodies ("comprising the Ode, Australian Belles, Southern Cross, 'Twill brighter be to-morrow").

Thereafter, Gassner claimed to have been inundated with requests from other composers to arrange and perform their music, so much so that he was forced to write the editor of the Herald in November 1867. This provoked an anonymous jibe in the next issue:

SIR - Gassner the First has issued a ukase to the effect that he will not score any more music for the present, and inhibits further composition. The ukase, published in your issue of yesterday, is very severe on some of the unfortunate composers of the city; this musical monarch is graciously pleased to ignore Horsley, Ellard, Loder, Marsh, Stanley, &c, for the sublime works of Rayner, Anderson, and Neild, a coterie whose compositions M. Gassner is continually putting before the public, to the exclusion of good music.

With regimental commander Waddy's support, Gassner involved himself and his band in a welter of philanthropic causes, playing at events to raise funds for St. Vincent's Hospital and the Catherine Hayes Hospital. At the latter in 1868, he formed and trained a band for the boys of the destitute children's asylum. In December the press reported on an event at which

the boys' new band ... under the careful teaching of Mr. Gassner, were found to have actually become proficients, playing marches, polkas, and other pieces with a spirit and a precision which reflected very great credit on their kind instructor. Their smart new uniforms, and numerous brass wind instruments, imparted quite a festive air to the scene, which was yet further enhanced by the many gay flags that were flying at the asylum and on the site of the hospital.

Gassner composed at least 3 works especially for local consumption, The southern beauties waltzes (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1867]), a grand march Royal procession ("composed expressly for H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh") (1867/68), and most interesting of all, "composed expressly" for a "moolight promenade" concert in the Domain, a "Grand characteristic Pot-pourri", entitled The night-mare and the council of war of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, a programmatic work with 12 numbers "composed expressly".

Pre-existing works by Gassner also appear on his own band lists, including his march Rifle Volunteers (first in August 1867), and his overture The exiled (first played in Sydney in November 1867; much later published in Boosey's military Journal (82/1) (1887). As well as the Overture, Gassner also introduced a coro e cavatina from The exiled in Auckland in 1864, and campaign quadrilles Lanka and Katoogastotto.

Ginanni Gassner still appears as "Bandmaster 50th of Foot", born Naples, aged 52, in the 1881 UK census.


"SOCIETY OF ST. VINCENT DE PAUL", Dublin Evening Post (18 June 1857), 3

... The fine band of the 50th Regiment, under the direction of Signor Gassner, was stationed in the orchestra and performed a selection of popular valses and opera music ...

[News], The Argus (3 November 1863), 4

[News], The Otago Daily Times (16 November 1863), 4

"ARRIVAL OF THE HIMALAYA WITH TROOPS", Daily Southern Cross (30 November 1863), 5

"50th BAND", Daily Southern Cross (2 January 1864), 3

"MILITARY CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (16 January 1864), 3

[News], Daily Southern Cross (8 February 1865), 4

[News], New Zealand Herald (8 February 1865), 5

"CLEARANCES. MARCH 2", Empire (3 March 1865), 4

"ARRIVAL OF THE SILVER EAGLE FROM LONDON", Daily Southern Cross (5 March 1866), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (15 October 1866), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (9 February 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1867), 5

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1867), 5

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1867), 5

"THE QUEEN'S OWN BAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1867), 8

"THE SOUTHERN BEAUTIES WALTZES", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1868), 4

"THE QUEEN'S OWN BAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1868), 4

"THE QUEEN'S OWN BAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1868), 4

"MOONLIGHT PROMENADE CONCERT IN THE GOVERNMENT DOMAIN", Illustrated Sydney News (3 October 1868), 13

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1868), 1

"CALLEN V. THE MAYOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1868), 2

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1868), 4

"RETROSPECT", Illustrated Sydney News (28 November 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1868), 6

"Al Fresco Concert", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1868), 5


"CONCERTS. THE 50TH BAND", Bell's Life in Sydney (20 February 1869), 3

"QUEEN'S OWN BAND" & "TESTIMONIAL TO SIGNOR GASSNER", Empire (27 February 1869), 2

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. GASSNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1869), 6

"COMPLIMENTARY DINNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1869), 7

"NAVAL AND MILITARY", Western Morning News [Devon, UK] (4 November 1869), 3

Weather permitting the band of her Majesty's 50th Regiment will play the following programme at Mount Wise at three o'clock this afternoon: -
March, "The President's," Reyloff;
overture, "Nabuccodonosor," Verdi;
selection, "Gemma di Vergy," Donizetti;
valse, "Gorigolo," Gassner;
selection, "Un Ballo," Verdi;
galop, "Catastrophe," Sterns;
"God save the Queen."

UK census, 1871, Hampshire, Aldershot

Giovanni Gassner / Widower / 42 / Band master army / Born Naples Italy Naturalised British subject

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1871), 12

"PRESENTATION OF AN ADDRESS MAJOR-GENERAL LYSONS, C.B.", Aldershot Military Gazette (18 May 1872), 3

On Saturday the inst., thirteen bandmasters of the division, assembled at the 1st Brigade Office, South Camp, at 3 in the afternoon, for the purpose of presenting to Major-General Lysons, C.B., a handsome illuminated address, executed by Messrs. Culleton, of London. Mr. Gassner, as president of the committee of bandmasters, in presenting it to General Lysons, said: - I am requested by my brother bandmasters present to you an address in which we express our acknowledgements of the kindness which you manifested towards us all during the progress of the arrangements for the late monster concert, and during the concert itself, and which, hope, that you will be pleased to accept. The address was follows:- MONSTER MILITARY CONCERT HELD IN RIDING SCHOOL, EAST CAVALRY BARRACKS, ALDERSHOT, On April 4th, 5th and 6th, 1872. At a general meeting of the bandmasters of the division, held on the 8th April, 1872, it was unanimously carried that a letter should be forwarded to Major General D. Lysons, C.B., to express how fully they recognised his unquestionably good judgment in directing the management of this concert, undertaken on so large a scale, and his unusual knowledge of matters musical. The bandmasters further desire to thank him for the impartial kindness, consideration, and support, they at all times received from him while carrying out his wishes, and they would consider themselves fortunate, under similar circumstances, should they have energetic a gentleman at their head - Signed, Mr. Charles Cousins, 2nd Dragoon Guards; Mr. Vandenheuvel, 7th Hussars; Mr. A. Seume, 9th Lancers; Mr. Curry, 2nd batt. 4th; Mr. W. Allen, 2nd batt. 15th; Mr. J. Holt, 2nd batt. 17th; Mr. C. J. Hurst, 2nd batt. 22nd; Mr. L. Werner, 27th Regiment; Mr. J. Bayley, 46th Regiment; Mr. G. Gassner, 50th Regiment; Mr. Hecker, 82nd Regiment; Mr. W. T. Cole. 99th Regiment; Mr. Walsh, 100th Regiment; Mr. C. Luschwitz, 102nd Regiment ...

[Advertisement], Bury Free Press (15 May 1880), 5

BOTANIC GARDENS, BURT ST. EDMUND'S. WHIT-MONDAY BANK HOLIDAY MAY 17th, 1880 ... By permission of Col. J. THOMPSON, the splendid BAND of the 50th QUEEN OWN Regiment will be in attendance, under the direction of SIGNOR GIOVANNI GASSNER, when a choice selection of Music, Vocal Choruses, &c., will be given ...

"THE 50TH (QUEEN'S OWN) REGIMENT", Essex Standard (19 July 1884), 10

Mr. G. Gassner, for 28 years the popular Bandmaster of this popular Regiment, and who is well known in Colchester, where he was for several years quartered with the Regiment, having just resigned his appointment, was entertained at a farewell mess dinner by Colonel Leach and the Officers at Camp Polymedia, Cyprus, on June 6. In proposing Mr. Gassner's health on the occasion, Colonel Leach said, - Gentlemen, I rise to propose the health of our esteemed and respected guest, Mr. Gassner, who I am deeply sorry to say is about to leave the old Regiment, in which he has so well and ably served, and in which he has so wielded the baton of the Band for a period of nearly twenty-eight years, in the most perfect manner, which we have all so thoroughly enjoyed and appreciated. (Applause.) ... Perhaps some of you are not aware that Mr. Gassner served with distinction in the Crimea with Lord George Paulet, and he is in possession of the medals granted for that campaign, viz.. Crimean and Turkish, together with the medal for New Zealand. I should like to enlarge further on Mr. Gassner's merits, but you must take the will for the deed. All that I will now say is, that whenever Mr. Gassner feels inclined to pay the Regiment a visit, he will always be heartily welcome; and I am sure all will join me in wishing him long life and every happiness in his retirement. The toast was received in a most enthusiastic manner, and Mr. Gassner made an appropriate response. On a subsequent day (June 8), Mr. Gassner, who leaves behind him apiece of music entitled "Farewell," which he has specially composed and dedicated to Col. Leach and officers of "The Queen's Own," met the bandsmen in the practice room for the last time for the purpose of saying good-bye, but before doing so he was presented by them with a cheque and a letter, in which they expressed their esteem, and wished him, on his return to England, to procure an album, which they promised to fill with their photographs.

"AT HOME AT ADMIRALTY HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1896), 10

UK census, 1881; Essex, Colchester St. Giles

Giovanni ["Ginanni"] Gassner, widower, 52, Bandmaster 50th Foot, born Naples, Italy [with 3 daughters]

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Young, Music's great days in the spas and watering-places (London: Macmillan, 1968), 45-46

GATES, James Mortimer

Musician, bandmaster, cornet player, composer, arranger

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1865
Died Gympie, QLD, 24 August 1898, aged 59


"VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury (7 December 1865), 2

VOLUNTEER BAND, Friday Evening, - Programme: Part I: 1. Moonlight Parade March, by J. M. Gates 2. Martha Valse, C. D'Albert; 3. Selection, Christy's (by desire), S. Jones; 4. March, "The harp that once" J. M. Gates. - Part II: 5. Edinburgh Quadrilles, C. D'Albert; 6. Prince Imperial Galop, C. Coote; 7. Lillian Polka, C. D'Albert; 8. March, "Steer me back" J. M. Gates, God save the Queen.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1867), 1

"MASONIC BALL", The Maitland Mercury (13 July 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (13 August 1867), 1

[Court reports], "WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1868", The Newcastle Chronicle (3 December 1868), 3 

"THE ARTILLERY BAND", The Newcastle Chronicle (28 October 1869), 3

This band, which already numbers thirteen members, is making great progress towards proficiency, under the able tuition of Mr. J. M. Gates, and in about two months more we may expect to have a brass band in the town to enliven us, almost equal to that of our neighbours in West Maitland. Mr. Gates lately purchased from Mr. Paskins, of West Maitland, three brass instruments, viz., a bombardone, a baritone, and a tenor horn. He speaks highly in favor of them as being of a first class character, and were purchased at a low figure. We are glad to learn that such instruments can be obtained at Mr. Paskins', without the trouble and expense of sending to England for them.

"VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY BAND PERFORMANCES", The Newcastle Chronicle (7 June 1873), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (19 July 1879), 4 

The following persons were adjudicated insolvent upon their own petitions: ... James Mortimer Gates, of Red Hill, Gympie, musician, in forma pauperis; first meeting, August 7.

"LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS", Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (10 March 1877), 3 

The Catholic Band favoured the public of Gympie with a treat on Saturday evening last, on Commissioner's Hill. Some excellent selections particularly well-played, were given, and there was but one opinion expressed, that Bandmaster Gates must spare no time in securing to his pupils such perfection as they have attained.

"LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS", Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (16 August 1879), 3 

We are pleased to hear that some of the old supporters of the Hibernian Band have communicated with Mr. Gates, the bandmaster, and the Band has consented to play at Mr. Murray's, Commissioner's Hill, and at Mr. Cullinane's, Mary-street, alternately. The following is the programme for this evening: - Part I. Grand March - Field Day - (Callan) [Callen] Quick Step Medley - (Gates) Grand Selection from Attila - (Verdi) Cornet Solo by Mr. Gates - Koenig's Eclipse Polka Quadrille Christmas Echoes - (Godfrey) March - Love Not - (Glover) Part II. Selection from Falstaff - (Balfe) Grand Waltz - Das Musikfest - (Jackson) March - Her bright smile haunts me still - (Ford) Polka - Kingfisher - (Coot) Gallop - Excursion - (Montgomery). God Save the Queen.

"LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS", Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (13 September 1879), 2 

The Oddfellows Band will perform the following choice selections from off the balcony of the Commercial Hotel, this evening .... The members of the Hibernian Band have, with very commendable spirit, decided upon giving the residents of the Monkland a treat this evening, and will perform some selections opposite Mr. M. J. O'Brien's, Monkland Store. The performance is entitled "an evening with Tom Moore," and the music for the occasion has been selected and principally arranged by Mr. Gates, bandmaster. The following is the programme: - Quick Step - Steer my bark to Erin's Isle - Gates; Grand March - The Minstrel Boy - Riviere; The Knight of St Patrick Lancers - Godfrey; Song - The Exile of Erin - Arranged by Gates; Parade Waltz - Molly Astore - Gates; Quick March - Eily Mavourueen - Millor; Quadrille - Royal Irish - Jullien; Waltzes - Gems of Erin - Gates; Polka - The Holiday - Hare: March - The Mulligan Guard - Jones; Troop - Kate Kearney - Gates; Quick Step - Garryowen - Gates. God save the Queen.

"Notes and News", Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (25 August 1898), 3 

In consequence of information supplied by Dr. Ryan, Senior Sergeant Ferguson despatched three constables to the residence of Mr. James Mortimer Gates on Tuesday last where they found the owner seriously ill and in a partially neglected state. He was at once conveyed to the Hospital on a stretcher by the constables and a member of the Ambulance Brigade. He, however, only lingered a very few hours, dying quietly early yesterday morning, the cause of death being cancer of the abdomen. The deceased, who was 59 years of age, was for a long time known in connection with the Hibernian band, of which he was bandmaster for some years. The funeral takes place to-day.

My thanks: To Helen English, of the University of Newcastle, July 2015, for correctly identifying J. M. Gates as James Mortimer Gates, and for kindly allowing me to update this entry accordingly.


Musician, clarinettist, vocalist, convict

Born Gravesend, England, c.1821/22
Tried Kent Quarter Sessions, England, 12 April 1839, sentenced to 10 years
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 April 1840 (per Mangles (8), from England, 21 November 1839)
Sent to Norfolk Island, 15 February 1844 (per Maitland)
Active Adelaide, by 1850; Hobart, by 1853; Victoria, by c.1860
Died Footscray, VIC, 26 April 1900, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

? GATLAND, A. E. (Mr.)

Teacher of music, theory, and piano

Active Paddington, NSW, 1888

GATLAND, Arthur Henry

Vocalist, entertainer, mimic

Born 1871 (son of Thomas and Jane)


"EAST KENT QUARTER SESSION", Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette (13 April 1839), 4

Thomas Gatland, 17, charged with stealing, on the 18th January, at Minster, in Sheppy, in this county, one counterpane, of the value of ten shillings, the property of Mary Dove. - Transported ten years.

Conduct record, Thomas Gatland; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1394596; CON33/1/51,345,139,F,60 

11976 / Gatland, Thomas / Transported for Stealing a Counterpane / ... Tried Kent Q. S., 12 April 1839 [sentenced] 10 years / Trade Laborer, Musician, and Groom / ... age 23 [sic]

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 February 1850), 2

Dramatic Hall, Leigh-street. THIS Evening, Thursday February 14, will be presented a new Romantic Drama, entitled THE VAMPIRE BRIDE, or WAKE NOT THE DEAD, in which a Lady Amateur will appear. A variety of singing and dancing. A Solo on the Clarionette by Mr. Gatland. To conclude with a new Farce, called THE ORIGINAL. The Hall can be let for any respectable meetings, lectures, concerts, &c, by application to Mr. Jacobs.

[Advertisement], South Australian (26 March 1850), 3 

SIX GRAND PROMENADE CONCERTS, A LA JULIEN, At the Exchange, King William-street. Under the Direction of Mr. W. Wallace. THE Second Concert will take place this evening, the 26th instant ... Solo, clarionette - Baermann - Mr. Gattland ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 February 1851), 1

TAYLOR'S ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE. CURRIE-STREET ... Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Gatland.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1852), 2 

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], The Courier (25 August 1853), 2

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. First Night of THE MAY QUEEN ... GRAND MUSIGAL MELANGE ... Solo, Clarionet, All is lost, Opera Somnambula. MR. GATLAND ...

Births in the district of Hobart, 1854; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:958504; RGD33/1/5/ no 1099 

1099. July 6th [unnamed] male, [son of] Thomas Gatland, musician, and Jane Hillan [signed] Thos. Gatland ...

[Advertisement], The Courier (12 August 1854), 3

"PLEASURE TRIP OF THE MONARCH", The Courier (22 March 1856), 2 

This handsome steamer left the wharf yesterday, with a very large party, on a pleasure trip to New Norfolk. On leaving her moorings, shortly after ten o'clock, the weather was most auspicious. Dancing commenced soon after starting, and was kept up, without intermission, during the day, to the strains of Gatland's band. Refreshments of a delicate description and unlimited in quantity were supplied: the prompt and assiduous attention to the wishes of the party exhibited by the captain and the spirited owner was the subject of much comment and praise. The steamer returned about half-past six o'clock, and landed her passengers after spending a bright and joyous day.

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (24 March 1856), 4

GRAND FESTIVE BALL; AMPHITHEATRE, MURRAY-STREET. ON MONDAY EVENING, the 24th of March Instant. For the Benefit of Mr. GATLAND, (Late of the Victoria Theatre) prior to his departure for Melbourne ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1861), 1 

MASON'S SALOON. Re-Engagement of Mr. Gatland, late of the Oictoria [sic] Theatre. Liquors, bar prices.

[Advertisement], Evening News (30 July 1888), 1 

MR. A. E. GATLAND, teacher of MUSIC, theory, and piano. Chalford and Cascade Sts, Paddington.

"Deaths", The Argus (20 June 1889), 1 

GATLAND. - On the 19th inst., Jane, the dearly beloved wife of Thomas Gatland, of St. James, aged 58 years. Her end was peace.

"AN OVERLOOKED CATHEDRAL", The Argus (10 January 1891), 4 

[St. James's Cathedral] ... At that time the parsonage stood in "the parson's cabbage garden," on the other side of Little Collins street, facing the cathedral, and the humble embowered cottage which we now see perched in the extreme south-west corner of the ground, and threatening to tumble into the lane, stood where the parsonage now is. This modest weatherboard cottage has for the past 30 years been the official residence of the worthy verger, Mr. Thomas Gatland, whose stately presence and rich melodious voice still lend the good old impressive tone to all the various rituals of the church. When required to shift to make room for the parsonage, the cottage was bodily put upon rollers and moved all standing to its present site ...

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 May 1900), 9 

GATLAND On the 26th April at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. A. A. Pratt, "Viewforth," Whitehall-street, Footscray, Thomas Gatland, late of St. James's Cathedral, West Melbourne, aged 79 years. For many years a member of Melbourne Deutsche Liedertafel, also Philharmonic Society, Melbourne.


Violinist, composer, professor of music

Arrived 1839; died 1854


Soprano vocalist

Active Australia 1839 to 1855

Go to main page: 


Flute player

Active Brisbane, QLD, 1859


"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (27 August 1859), 2

Mr. Gavin, on the flute, met with an encore in "He was despised and rejected of men" ...

GEARING, Timothy

Violinist (theatrical band), plasterer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1838 (per William Metcalf, from Plymouth, England, 14 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 September 1854, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIP NEWS", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 September 1838), 2 

Passengers per "William Metcalf" . . . Timothy Gearing, plasterer, wife and four children . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (10 December 1844), 1503 

In the Insolvent Estate of Timothy Gearing, of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, plasterer . . .

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (20 December 1845), 3

. . . AT THE ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE, ON THE 23RD DECEMBER . . . HANDEL'S ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH With Mozart's additional accompaniments . . . PRINCIPAL INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS. - Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Gibbs, Mr. Deane, Mr. J. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. F. Deane, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Gearing, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. Waller, MB. Wilson, Mr. Strong, Mr. Westropp, assisted by numerous amateurs; and by permission of Colonel Jackson, THE SPLENDID BAND OF THE 99TH REGIMENT . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1846), 1 

. . . MONS. AND MDME. GAUTROT have the honour to inform their friends and the residents ot Sydney, that their
FAREWELL CONCERT will take pace THIS DAY, the 29th instant, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel . . . Principal Violins - Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Deane, and Mr. J. Deane. Tenors - Messrs. Deane and Friedlander. Violoncello - Mr. E. Deane. Double Bass - Mr. W. Deane.
Second Violin - Mr. Gearing. With numerous other performers, comprising a GRAND AND EFFICIENT ORCHESTRA!
Mr. A. Emanuel will preside at the Pianoforte. Leader - Mr. S. W. Wallace . . .

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (16 September 1846), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1854), 6 

On the 2nd instant, at his residence, Castlereagh-street, Timothy Gearing, plasterer, aged 42 years, leaving a wife and large family to lament their loss, and deeply regretted by a vast number of friends.

GEE, Alfred H. (Mr. A. H. GEE)

Baritone vocalist ("The Australian Baritone"), tenor vocalist (earlier), conductor

Born Huntingdon, Shropshire, England, ?
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1882
Newcastle, NSW, by 1884 (conductor Newcastle Liedertafel)
Melbourne, VIC, by mid 1888 (Melbourne Exhibition concerts)
Active England, c.1895-1903

GEE, Mary K. (Miss JONES; Mrs. A. H. GEE)



"MR A. H. GEE'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Auckland Star (24 June 1895), 4 

"A Singer's Strange Career", The Cumberland Free Press (21 November 1896), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954 

Musical resources:

My fairest child, song, the words by Charles Kingsley, the music by Alfred Hill, sung with enormous success by Mr. A. H. Gee (Wellington, N.Z.: Frederick Jones &​ Co., 1895) 

Catalogue of Zonophone disc records, manufactured by the British Zonophone Co. (London, July 1904) 

The wolf [Shield] sung by Mr. A. H. Gee the Australian baritone, Zonophone records [after 1904]

GEE, Francis (Mr. GEE)

Clarinettist, clarionet player, master of the band of the 39th Regiment

? Born Winchester, England, 1799
Arrived Sydney, 18 September 1827 (per Cambridge, from Dublin)
Departed Sydney, 21 July 1832 (per John)
? Died Windsor, England, 11 April 1883, aged 84  (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In October 1829, a correspondent to the Australian begged to add to the paper's own earlier critique of the Barnet Levey's concert, in which Gee and his band provided the orchestra:

Instead of an Overture, Mr. Gee, who being a very young man for the situation, which he fills so much to his credit, performed his Solo (or Air, varied on the clarionet) having the proper instruments accompanying with very considerable ability. He properly subdued the tone of his instrument in the first place, which is no mean acquirement, and in the next, all the difficult passages were performed with that precision of execution that marks the master, and is creditable to him in the next degree to his style and tone, and the whole elicited the most decided approbation from all parts of the audience. Next should have been mentioned the Quartett for clarionets, horn, and bassoon, in which Mr. Gee equally displayed his ability on his instrument, and the second clarionet performed his part with a degree of skill highly creditable. The horn had some very difficult passages, which were generally performed in a superior manner ... The bassoon cannot be mentioned with too much praise; he is really a very superior player, whose quality of tone, and beautiful execution ... Your criticism on Der Freischutz [overture], &c., was correct, and the performance of the instrumental music reflects the greatest credit on the band master, to whose youth and ability this tribute is due ...

Again, in August 1839, the Australian published a piece of celebratory verse, entitled "lines written, on hearing the 39th band, of which Mr. Gee is the master, play the popular air of "Sweet Home", to the barrack yard, on Sunday evening, 15th Aug."

The band finally departed on 21 July 1832:

About four hundred of the 39th regiment embarked on Saturday morning. They left the Barracks about six o'clock, and marched along Cumberland-street, the band playing the old air usual on such occasions "the Girl I left behind me". On their way they were cheered by some of the towns people, in reply to which they struck up Burns' "Farewell" and proceeded round by the fort to the Dock Yard, from which the boats conveyed them to their respective ships. The grenadier and light companies, with the staff and band, occupy the John, under the command of Colonel Lindesay.


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1827), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (21 October 1829), 3

"CRITIQUE OF THE CONCERT. To the Editor", The Australian (23 October 1829), 2

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Monitor (24 October 1829), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 November 1829), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (23 November 1829), 3

"To the Editor", The Australian (27 August 1830), 5

"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 August 1830), 3

"THE RUSSIAN DISCOVERY SHIP", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 June 1832), 3

"Internal Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 July 1832), 3

"INDIA. IMPORTANT NEWS", The Courier (19 April 1844), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Jeremy Archer, The Old West Country Regiments (11th, 39th and 54th) (Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2012)

Janet and David Bromley, Wellington's men remembered: a register of memorials to soldiers who fought in the Peninsular War and at Waterloo, volume 1 (Barnsley: Praetorian Press, Pen and Sword, 2012)



Band of the 39th Regiment

GEE, Godfrey Henry Egremont (EGREMONT-GEE; EGREMONT; Godfrey EGREMONT)

Music seller, music publisher, journalist, writer, embezzler

Born Wimborne, Dorset, England. Adelaide, 1845 [England & Wales, BMD Birth Index, 1837-1915]
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 October 1852 (free per Prince Regent, from London and Plymouth, 12 July)
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1866
Active London, England, by c.1910
Died Kensington, London, England, 3 March 1923 [England & Wales Death Index 1916-2007 Vol 1a, 238] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE list)

GEE, Maurice B. Egremont

Amateur vocalist, choral singer

Born Ackworth-Moor-Tap, Yorkshire, England, 1847
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1852 (details as for his brother above)
Died Adelaide, SA, 5 July 1923

Egremont Gee's music shop (late Redford Clisby's), Rundle Street, Adelaide, c.1866; State Library of South Australia 


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (16 October 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 April 1866), 1

NOTICE. - REDFORD CLISBY, in returning his sincere thanks to the public of South Australia for the liberal patronage enjoyed by him for the last 17 years, begs to state that he has DISPOSED of his BUSINESS to Mr. G. H. EGREMONT GEE, whose stock will be expressly selected by R. C. from London and the Continent; and respectfully requests a continuance of that patronage to his successor.

MR. G. H. EGREMONT-GEE, in reference to the above, requests the support of his friends and the public, and a continuance of the favours accorded to his predecessor.

"THATCHER'S ADELAIDE SONGSTER", South Australian Register (3 January 1867), 2 

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (23 March 1867), 2 

A very successful entertainment took place at the Town Hall, Norwood, on Friday evening in aid of the funds of St. Bartholomew's Church ... The programme included ... a song - "German Band" - by Mr. Maurice Egremont Gee, which was certainly one of the best of the evening; it was sung in character and was loudly encored ...

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 July 1867), 2 

A musical and dramatic entertainment was given in the Temperance Hall, North Adelaide, on Friday evening, July 19, and was a great success . . . the audience were delighted by the exquisite production of the comic song and dance - "The Cures," by Messrs. Morris, Gee, and A. Diamond . . .

"GAWLER INSTITUTE", Bunyip (10 August 1867), 3 

An adjourned meeting of the committee of the Institute was held on Friday, the 9th inst. . . A letter from Mr. G. Egremont-Gee of Adelaide was read, asking permission to lithograph the Song of Australia, the copyright of which is the property of the Institute, as there was an occasional demand for it. The Committee resolved that the Secretary should reply by offering to sell a limited number of copies, now in their possession to Mr. Gee at 18s. per dozen.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (21 August 1867), 2 

A grand soiree was given in the Town Hall, Norwood, on Tuesday evening, August 20, in aid of the Clayton Chapel Sunday school . . . The programme was then commenced with the chorus "Peaceful shades," which was very well given by Messrs. Dyer, Jagoe, Maurice Gee, and Diamond. A number of other songs, duets, and solos were also very creditably given by Messrs. Dyer, Jagoe, and Gee, the most noticeable of which were the duet "Flow gentry, Deva," by Messrs. Dyer and Jagoe; solo, "Star of love," Mr. Dyer; "The Flying Dutchman," by Mr. Jagoe; the well known comic song, the "German Band," Mr. M. Gee . . .

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (21 September 1867), 2

We have received from Mr. Egremont-Gee a song just written and set to music - Welcome, Prince Alfred to Adelaide. The air is simple, but pleasing, and the versification above the average. The printing is well executed, and the piece altogether deserving of patronage.

[News], Kapunda Herald and Northern Intelligencer (22 November 1867), 2-3 

SOME time back we remarked that the visit of H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh appeared to have called into existence a considerable amount of musical and poetical activity, some of the products of which we then reviewed. We have received from the publisher, Mr. Egremont Gee, two other musical productions of a very superior order such as do credit not only to the composers, but also to the colony. We allude to " The Galatea Polka" by Mr. Ellard, and the "Prince Alfred Waltz" by Mr G. Loder - both of which productions found favour - not only with the colonists, but with that distinguished personage in honour of whose visit they were composed, they being the only two round dances danced by His Royal Highness at the Subscrip-[3]-tion Ball. The Galatea Band also played them at the Governor's Ball. The polka is a somewhat elaborate piece of composition, and is extremely pretty: a somewhat unusual effect is introduced in the middle of the polka in the shape of a chorus of welcome, the accompaniment to which marks the polka time. The title page bears a lithographed sketch of the Galatea under steam and canvas, drawn by Colonel Biggs. The waltz is also a very sweet and pretty composition, and wherever it is introduced will became a favourite, being quite worthy of the pen of so admittedly able a musician as Mr. Loder. Both pieces are lithographed by Messrs. Penman and Galbraith, who have turned out very tasteful title pages; and the music, though not so clear or large as the typographical impressions, is still very distinct. We can cordially recommend our musical readers to purchase these pieces, as they will thereby make a valuable addition to their musical library as well as encourage "native industry."

"THE CHARGE OF EMBEZZLEMENT AGAINST GODFREY EGREMONT", The South Australian Advertiser (28 April 1886), 5

"Obituary", Chronicle (15 July 1923), 15 

Mr. Maurice B. E. Gee, who died on July 5, at the age of 75, was born at Ackworth-Moor-Tap, Yorkshire, in 1847, and came to South Australia with his parents in 1852. He led a very quiet and retired life. He was well known in musical and dramatic circles a number of years ago in Adelaide, with the late Mr. Arthur Diamond and others. He was a prominent member of St. David's Church, Burnside, and for the past fifteen years had been a member of the choir, missing only five services in that time. Mr. Gee never married. Mr. L. C. E. Gee, of the Mines Department, is a brother.

"KENSINGTON - OLD AND NEW . . . From A. G. WELLS", The Register (22 May 1923), 4 

As far back as 1855 there was an excellent day school at the corner of Beulah road, conducted by Mr. W. Holdsworth, who had as many as 80 scholars . . . I attended St. Bartholomew's Sunday School, and was also a chorister for some years . . . The late Mr. Thomas Gee was also a much-loved teacher. I can well remember most of the organists - Miss Jupp, Mrs. Powell, Messrs. Johns, H. H. Thomas (Union Bank), Herberlet, and Alfred Hawker, who died at sea. Mr. Hawker was a very kind-hearted, young gentleman, and at that time held a position in the Government offices. He took great interest in the private lives of his choristers, and had three special favourites, viz., the late Arthur Munt, Maurice Gee, and myself . . .

Bibliography and resources:

R. Kent Rasmussen (ed.), Dear Mark Twain: letters from his readers (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013), 158 (PREVIEW)

Music prints:

Finnigan's Wake Polka, composed by Th. Heydecke; arranged for the pianoforte by George Loder (Adelaide : G. H. Egremont-Gee, 1866) 

Thatcher's Adelaide songster (containing the principal local songs as written and sung by him at White's Assembly Rooms) (Adelaide: G. H. Egremont-Gee, [1866]) 

The Galatea, polka brillante composed by Frederic Ellard (Adelaide: G. H. Egremont Gee, 1867)


To Judy Fander, 2016, for kindly sharing results of her research into the Gee family.

GEE, G. J. (R.A.M., [Stuttgart])

Pianist (Christy's Minstrels), arranger

Born Macclesfield, England
Active Australia & New Zealand, 1865-67
Died Macclesfield, England, ? 1883/4


"THE CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Portland Guardian (13 April 1865), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (17 July 1865), 1

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE ... THE LAST WEEK BUT ONE OF THE CELEBRATED AND ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS, MONDAY, July 17th, THE LINCOLN GUN BOAT (by desire,) BURLESQUE HUTCHINSON FAMILY! BUSHRANGERS: OR, LIFE IN NEW SOUTH WALES To conclude with the Christy's celebrated Burlesque on the Opera of LUCREZIA BORGIA. Introducing nearly all, and a great deal more, of the original music, stolen expressly for this (per) version by Mr. G. J. Gee, assisted (on this occasion only) by that "rising young man from the country" Donizetti, Esq.

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (11 April 1866), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (11 August 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (15 July 1867), 3

[Advertisement], Sacramento Daily Union (4 January 1871)

"THE LATE MR. G. J. GEE", Sacramento Daily Union (12 February 1884)

The Macclesfield (Eng.) Courier and Herald, speaking of the late G. J. Gee, a former resident of Sacramento, says: "Mr. Gee was born in Macclesfield, and his musical bent was developed at an early age. As a young man he was organist at Bosley Church, and subsequently at St. Paul's Church, Macclesfield. He afterwards resolved to go further afield, and in his traveling enterprises extended his experience in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, visiting both China and Australia. He afterwards studied at the Academy of Music at Stuttgart, under Professor Pruckner, pianist to the King of Wurtemberg, and obtained his diploma. Settling down subsequently at San Francisco, he obtained a high reputation as a teacher and professor of music. He was organist at Trinity Church, and held other distinguished appointments. His health beginning to fail, his American friends sent him to England in June, 1881 for the benefit of his native air, and after a nine month' sojourn with his friends he was so far improved as to be able to return and resume his duties. The fell disease from which he was suffering, however, had made its insidious inroads. He came home again in February of last year, and at first, during his sojourn it Pretsbury, there was a slight improvement; a relapse followed, and he gradually declined until the end. Mr. Gee has a son by his first wife in San Francisco, and he leaves a widow and two children in Macclesfield.

GEHDE, August (Michael Augustus)

Musician, piano maker and tuner (formerly of W. H. Paling's Sydney)

Born Prussia, 29 September 1828
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 December 1850 (per Australia, from Hamburg, 7 September)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1858
Died Randwick, NSW, 30 March 1922, aged 94

GEHDE, Augustus (Augustus Michael)

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 1855
Died Linden, NSW, 4 September 1941, aged 86 years

GEHDE, Edward F.


Died 1917

GEHDE, Henry Thomas

Musician, piano tuner

Born Sydney, NSW, 1878
Died Sydney, NSW, 26 April 1922, aged 44

GEHDE, Nicholas J.

Musician, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 1 July 1865
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1923


On Henry Marsh's departure from Sydney for San Francisco in 1874, Augustus Gehde took over his teaching practice. It was later reported that Augustus had been a pupil of Charles Packer, who "took over" from him at the "age of 14" (which might have been around the time Packer was jailed for bigamy), and having later spent some time training in Germany, he was appointed University Organist in 1886, and City Organist in 1901. Nicholas and Edward were brothers of Augustus. August senior was a much-respected and long-serving senior employee at Palings.


"SHIPPING", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (19 December 1850), 2 

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1865), 1

"Miscellaneous Items", Australian Town and Country Journal (20 September 1873), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1874), 1

"ORGAN RECITAL AT THE UNIVERSITY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1886), 8

"ST. JOHN'S NEW ORGANIST", The Cumberland Free Press (21 March 1896), 4 

The appointment of organist to St. John's Church has been conferred on one of the best known musicians of Australia - Mr. Augustus Gehde. Mr. Gehde is a gentleman of the highest musical ability and erudition. In early life he was a pupil of Mr. Chas. Packer, and afterwards held the position of organist at St. Phillip's Church, Sydney, and Christ Church (St. Leonards). He soon took rank as one of first artistes of the colony. To avail himself of the highest musical culture, Mr. Gehde some time ago left for the home-land of modern music - Germany - where for five years he studied under the first professors of Berlin. Returning to Sydney, he re-occupied his position of organist at Christ Church for a further term of five years. He has since frequently appeared in the place of chief organist at the more important Masonic and University celebrations and other quasi-public functions. It may be added that Mr. Gehde is not only an acknowledged authority and executant, but also a composer of high ability; some of his published works being of exceptional merit.

"Talk With an Octogenarian", Sunday Times (7 March 1909), Magazine 7 

Sixty Seven Years a Worker - Reminiscences of Gold-fever Days and Early Sydney. THE GREAT MUSICAL ARTISTS. (FOR THE "SUNDAY TIMES")

Mr. August Gehde, whose score as the veteran of W. H. Paling and Co.'s establishment, is "fifty not out," is a genial old gentleman upon whom age has stolen with
"Softly-cadenced feet,
Falling in music."
Born on September 29, 1828, Mr. Gehde still combines practical activities with the pleasant habit of existence. In other words, the senior tuner answers the roll call daily at Paling's, and walks smartly to his home in Crown-street with the consciousness that, like "The Village Blacksmith," he has
- "Something done
To earn a night's repose."
When approached by a "Sunday Times" representative, Mr. Gehde said he had no story to tell. But he melted under the influence of a little soft persuasion, and opened the flood-gates of memory on being asked if he REMEMBERED THE WRECK OF THE DUNBAR? "Well, I should think I do remember that awful storm," he said. "It was in the year before I started with Paling and Co. But I was what was called an old colonist then - not a new chum. I came from Old Prussia, where I had served my apprenticeship to pianoforte making in 1850. I wasn't in Sydney while the storm was raging. I was farming in the Illawarra district at the time. I had all I wanted of the storm. The captain of the Dunbar thought he was entering the Heads when he put the ship into the Gap. Nothing else was talked of for weeks in the town and in the country. On October 25 in the same year the Catherine Adamson, from London, went down with twenty victims near the Inner North Head. But for the wreck of the Dunbar I might never have been associated with the late W. H. Paling in Sydney.

"You don't remember the old iron store in Wynyard Square? Well, I'll tell you something out of it. Old Anthony Hordern had put up an Iron store near the spot where the barracks used to stand. There were no other buildings there at that time, and the remains of THE OLD MILITARY BARRACKS were being removed. That's how Barrack-street got its name. The iron building, which stood near the corner now occupied by the Occidental Hotel, was used by Anthony Hordern as a sample store. It was NEARLY BLOWN TO PIECES during the night the Dunbar was wrecked, and lots of goods, including drapery, were destroyed. Mr. Hordern gave up the store, and it was taken over on a lease by Mr. Paling, who had to go to a good deal of expense to make the place suitable for storing pianos. The store had just been opened in 1858 when Mr. Paling engaged me as salesman and tuner. I recollect the number of that old iron store - it was 83 York-street. I joined Mr. Paling in 1858, and I am still serving under the same flag."

Taking the hint that he had jumped a few years from the date of his arrival in Australia, Mr. Gehde smiled as he put back the hands of the clock. "Ah, I see," he said, "you want me to tell you how I came to leave my native country. Well, it was while I was assisting my brother, a pianoforte maker, at Ratibor, near the Austrian boundary, that I got the notion into my head of trying my luck in Australia. I had heard of a WHOLE VILLAGE CLEARING OUT TO AUSTRALIA. It was a religious sect, and included the parson. These Germans went to South Australia, and formed the township of Hahndorf, which is still largely German. I became acquainted with a gentleman who showed me letters, that had come from the little German colony in South Australia. I left my brother in 1850, and camo out in the German ship Australia. We were 99 days covering the distance from Hamburg to Adelaide. I landed at Adelaide about Christmas time in 1850, and after a stay of six months in South Australia I decided to see if the streets of Sydney were paved with gold. Every one was talking about the gold discoveries in 1851. Soon after I got to Sydney I picked up a mate, a German, who had been a coalminer in Europe, and off we WENT TO THE DIGGINGS. Men, women, and children had the gold fever after Edward Hammond Hargraves found gold at Lewis Ponds Creek in February, 1851. Some nuggets and gold dust having been exhibited in Sydney, a rush was made for the creek. Coach fares were doubled, and flour cost £30 a ton. All the gold-seekers had to pay a license of 30s a month. In June, 1851, gold was discovered, on the Turon. I went to the Turon with my mate. Large nuggets had been found by an aboriginal at Meroo or Louisa Creek, Turon, on a station owned by a Mr. Kerr, five miles from Bathurst, and twenty-nine miles from Mudgee, in July, 1851. A little later the Brennan nugget, weighing 364oz., was found near the same spot. The number of gold licenses issued in New South Wales in 1851 reached a total ot 13,000. At the Turon 8700 were issued; at the Ophir, 2100; at the Meroo and Louisa Creek, 1100; at Araluen, 500; at the Abercrombie about 100. TWO TONS OF GOLD were exported to England from Sydney in one month early in 1852. It was one shipment. During the same year £24,000 worth of gold was stolen from the ship Nelson, then lying in Hobson's Bay. So you see there was plenty of gold about. I suppose you have hoard of the member of Parliament who had his horse shod with golden shoes. The weight of each shoe was about eight ounces. The prosperous gentleman's name was Cameron. He was a storekeeper at the Woolshed, New Eldorado. Beyers', Holtermann, and Krohmann were not among the gold-seekers at the time that I went to the Turon. But I remember the crew of a German ship who made a fortune. The men - there were eight of them - had deserted, and they made enough in a few months on the Turon to go back to Germany as rich men. Those sailors were the first to mine underground on the bank of a creek. When I arrived on the field with my mate the diggers were camped about seven miles along the Turon. Golden Point, I remember, was very rich. I think the place we picked on was called Oakey Creek."

In reply to the question, "Did you strike it rich?" Mr. Gehde (as if with an effort of memory) - said:- "I have told you that there was plenty of gold. My luck must have been out. I got very little. You see, we worked under disadvantages. I could not speak a single word of English, and my mate - well, he was worse than me. Besides, my mate was always bossing me, and I made up my mind to clear out when he wanted me to crawl under a huge rock or boulder and scrape for gold. I didn't mind the scraping, but the rock looked as if it would fall or roll over at any moment. As I had paid for the tent, the provisions, and the tools, I did not care to risk my life while my mate looked on from a safe point of view and gave orders. We had pitched our tent in the bed of a creek. The police and others, as I afterwards found out, warned us of the danger, but as we could not tell a word that was said, we remained in the the creek. I slipped away one day to buy some things at Sofala. Soon after I left there was a heavy thunderstorm. The creek rose suddenly in the night, and my mate just managed to save himself from drowning. The tent and the tools were washed away. That CURED ME OF GOLD-MINING, and I came to Sydney with what little money I had left. I made my mate a present of the tent and tools - if he could find them.

"In Sydney," Mr. Gehde went on, "I found a good friend in Mr. John Hagen, the father of Mr. Fred Hagen. My countryman was then a wood and ivory turner in King-street between York and Clarence streets. Mr. Hagen spoke a little English. He told me of the pianoforte shop of William Johnson in Pitt-street - afterwards Johnson and Emanuel. I applied for work, and got it. Mr. Johnson, a very nice man, managed to understand me, and I stayed at his place eighteen months. The shop was a few doors from King-street, near what is now Lawson's Auction Rooms. Emanuel, the dentist, and Fisher, the bootmaker, wore in the adjoining Pitt-street shops. Fisher made a big fortune, and died a very wealthy man. Through slackness of business at Johnson's I had to leave. I obtained employment at Hurford Brothers, pianoforte importers, whoso shop in Castlereagh-street was on the site now occupied by the Tivoli Theatre. Henry Hurford was a first-class tuner. There I worked four and a half years, and I married my dear wife, who is still strong and well. With the cares of married life gathering round me, I thought I would follow the advice of my wife's relations and try my hand at farming. The experiment on the Osborne Estate in the Illawarra district was not a success, and I returned to Sydney with some useless experience - and no money. All my savings were swallowed up. So that I had to MAKE A FRESH START in 1858. The large iron store in Wynyard Square, with W. H. Paling, Pianoforte and Music warehouse painted on it was my ark of salvation."

With the cheerful look of a man who had got on to a straight and smooth road after tramping through the bush, Mr. Gehde entered into a precise description of the old iron store and the proprietor. "Mr. Paling, the founder of the firm, was not a German. The dear old gentleman, who had a big heart to match his long beard, was a native of Rotterdam, Holland. When I met him first his beard was as black as a coal. I am speaking of 1858. As a teacher of the violin and piano he had a good connection, including Government House. Mr. Paling charged ten guineas a quarter for an hour's lesson, and six guineas for half an hour. I was placed in charge of the store. There were two short iron posts with rings for horses outside the shop. The proprietor used to tie his horse to one of the posts while he was teaching, or attending to business. No cheap pianos were kept in stock. Erard, Broadwood, and other makers were sold at prices running from 80 guineas to 190 guineas. From time to time MR. PALING PLAYED AT CONCERTS. When the business grew too big for the iron store in Wynyard Square, premises were leased at the corner of Wynyard-street and George-street. The next move was to the George-street portion of Prince Ogg and Co.'s, a little below the General Post Office. When this property was sold Mr. Paling secured the present site, and afterwards purchased the land at the rear, on which a massive block of buildings now stands. What are known as Paling's Buildings, including, the Safe Deposit, represent an expenditure of £99,000.

"Visiting artists. Yes, I have heard them all, from Catherine Hayes, the singer, to Katharine Goodson, the pianist. Catherine Hayes, as I suppose you know, sang here in 1854 and 1855. She was a frail, delicate woman, with a voice full of sweetness and sympathy. You would not think she was a singer to look at her in the street. Yet such was the charm of her singing that PEOPLE WENT MAD, while the concerts were being given at the Victorian Theatre in Pitt-street. The dress circle seats and boxes were £1, and you had to pay ten shillings to get into the crowded pit. No other singer was able to get the Catherine Hayes prices in Sydney and Melbourne until Madame Melba gave her concerts at the Town Hall in 1902. At one of the Melba Sydney concerts in 1902 the takings reached the record-breaking total of £2000. Miss Hayes never had a house like that. But there was ever so much more excitement over Catherine Hayes in 1854 than there was over Madame Melba in 1902. More than once I saw and heard all Pitt-street in an uproar while the Irish singer was the GODDESS OF THE HOUR. There were processions in her honor, and goodness only knows what else. As a matter of personal liking I must say that I preferred Madame Anna Bishop, who came in 1856, and who paid us two other visits. Madame Bishop had a richer voice, and there was more power and brilliance in the upper notes. I admired her very much in opera."

When the conversation turned to the pianoforte and pianists, Mr. Gehde stroked his chin as he delivered this judgment: "I liked Henri Ketten best of all. Even Paderewski did not move me as Ketten moved me in 1880. Of course, you remember his playing at the old Masonic Hall in York-street and at the Exhibition Building in Prince Alfred Park. Poor Ketten! How sad it was that he should have taken an overdose of morphia. His light went out soon after his triumphs in Australia. You never hear anything now-a-days of M. Boulanger, a brilliant pianist, who was a sort of glorified Henri Kowalski. Boulanger gave his concerts at the Victoria Theatre. And no one speaks now of Signor Cesare Cutolo, who played a good deal in the style of Signor de Beaupuis. Poor Cutolo, who had married a Sydney lady, Mrs. Heath, was killed by the fall of a spanker-boom on the Alexandra while going to Melbourne in 1867 under a professional engagement. The A.S.N. Company paid the widow £1500. Cutolo came to Sydney in 1860. What a lot of fine lady pianists we have heard - Arabella Goddard, Olga Duboin, Madeline Schiller, Adela Verne, Miss De Lara, Madame Carreno, and Katharine Goodson. Still, I think that Henri Ketten was the greatest pianist we have heard in this part of the world.

WANTS NO HOLIDAYS. Not once since he came to Australia in 1850 has Mr. Gehde smoked a pipe, cigar, or cigarette, and he has not taken more than six months in holidays and sick leave at Paling's during the long period of fifty years. "I can have as many holidays as I like," he said, "but I don't want them, so long as God gives me health and strength. I like work, and I am sure I would not be a bit happy it I were to pass the days that are left to me in idleness. At 81 I am considered good enough to be sent out tuning. I have my dear wife - my lady, I call her - and my family of five sons and two daughters to keep me from thinking too much about myself and my years. I have been a worker over since I left school at the age of fourteen, and I should not like to linger when I have ceased to be of use. It is my desire to work in harness to the last.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1922), 8

"MR. H. T. GEHDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1922), 15 

Mr. Henry Thomas Gehde, son of the late Mr. August Gehde, died at his residence, Dover-road, on Wednesday night. Mr. Gehde was 44 years of ago, and leaves a widow. He began work when a lad, 30 years ago at Paling and Co. Ltd, George Street and rose to the head of the band and military instrument department. The funeral took place at the South Head Cemetery yesterday afternoon, the service at the graveside being read by the Rev. F. H. Hordern. There was a large gathering of Masonic friends present, the Masonic service being conducted by the Rev. C. N. Mell. The mourners present were Messrs. Augustus M. Gehde, William Andrew Gehde, and Nicholas Gehde (brothers), Mr. and Mrs. Wilkins (brother-in-law and sister), Miss Lena Gehde (sister), Mr W. Dibley (managing director) and Messrs H. C. Cutler and F. Passmore (director at Paling and Co) and a number of members of the staff. Mr Augustus Gehde, father of the late Mr H. T. Gehde, who died in March of this year, at the age of 94, joined the firm of W. H. Paling and Co. in the year 1859, and only ceased his activities in that establishment a little over a year ago.

"LATE MR. M. A. GEHDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 August 1922), 7

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1923), 9

"MR. NICHOLAS J. GEHDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1923), 10 

Music-lovers will learn with regret of the death of Nicholas J. Gehde, who passed away at Lewisham Hospital on Sunday, from heart trouble, at the age of 59 years. This well-known teacher, organist, singer, and accompanist, was the son of Mr. August Gehde, who was for more than half a century in the employment of Messrs. W. H. Paling and Co., Ltd., and only died last year at the age of 92. Mrs. Gehde, the mother of this musical family, followed quickly, and a little before either of them Henry Gehde was called at the age of 40, a responsible employee in the Paling instrument department. The late Mr. Nicholas Gehde leaves two brothers in the musical profession, and a sister, Mrs. Wilkinson. Mr. Gehde was widely known as an organist, and at one time gave recitals at the Town Hall, where his "Storm Fantasia" was a popular number. As a teacher of singing his studio produced Miss Elsie Peerless and Miss Mabel Batchelor, both amongst the leading sopranos of the city. He also organised popular concerts at the Town Hall for a number of years, and in other directions justified the esteem in which he was held. He was, indeed, of genial disposition, and made many friends. The funeral took place at the South Head Cemetery yesterday afternoon

"OLDEST CAR IN N.S.W. IS 1902 FORD", Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record (13 June 1924), 20 

"OBITUARY", Nepean Times (11 September 1941), 6 

Selected musical works:

Highland schottische by Augustus Gehde (Sydney : J. A. Engel, 1879)

Ella composed by E. F. Gehde (MS song) SL-VIC

Sons of new Britannia, Australian patriotic song; words by W. T. Goodge; music by Nicholas J. Gehde (Sydney: Nicholson &​ Co., [1899])

The shooting star galop, composed by Augustus Gehde (Sydney: [s.n.], [189-?]) 


Songwriter, playwright, convict

Born Dublin, Ireland, 1812/3
Arrived Sydney, 25 January 1840 (convict per Middlesex)
Died Singleton, NSW, 11 January 1869, aged 56 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Australian (27 May 1844), 3

"NEW COLONIAL PLAY", The Australian (30 May 1844), 3

On Monday night a new Colonial play by the author of the Hibernian Father, called the Currency Lass, was produced with considerable success at the Victoria Theatre, and was repeated the following night. The incidents are commonplace enough, but when it is understood that the author originally intended the principal character for a real, bona fide Currency Lass, the versatility of whose dramatic talents would have done ample justice to the part - we need scarcely say we allude to Miss M. Jones - the general interest of the piece loses none of its contemplated attractions. The dialogue is truly Colonial - rather too much so for our taste - although the "Cabbage-tree hats" that crowded the pit and galleries on its first night of representation testified their approbation of its merits, in their estimation, by clamorous applause ...

"AMATEUR DRAMATIC ENTERTAINMENT", The Maitland Mercury (31 December 1867), 3

"DEATH OF DR. GEOGHEGAN", The Maitland Mercury (14 January 1869), 2

Death has taken from our midst another valuable and much respected citizen, Mr. Edward Geoghegan, Town Clerk of Singleton, who expired at his residence, Bishopgate-street, on Monday afternoon. The deceased gentleman was an old colonist, and was possessed of talents of no mean order. He had, when a young man, pursued his studies in medicine at the Paris University, where he was successful in obtaining several degrees. Dr. Geoghegan was a forcible writer, and his long connection with the press con- tributed in no small degree to develop his talents in that respect. The deceased gentleman had a great penchant for the stage, and many of his old friends in Sydney will no doubt remember the subject of this notice appearing as a prominent amateur in many entertainments in that city in days of yore. With this predilection for the "Legitimate" and his power over the pen, Dr. Geoghegan, as may be naturally expected, was a dramatic author of no mean order, and his pen has contributed considerably to the scanty stock of genuine colonial dramatic literature. For several years Dr. Geoghegan resided in Singleton, and upon the establishment of the municipality he obtained the appointment of Town Clerk, which he has now held for a period of nearly three years. By the death of Dr. Geoghegan, the Municipal Council of Singleton will lose a valuable and trustworthy officer; and those that had the honour of enjoying his friendship will be deprived of a warm-hearted and noble companion. The deceased gentleman, who was upwards of fifty years old, had been suffering for a considerable time from disease of the heart, combined with an asthmatic affection; but although it was generally known that the doctor was ill, the sudden announcement of his death took many by surprise.

Works with songs:

The currency lass; or, My native girl (FP: Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, NSW, 27 May 1844; the first Australian comedy on a local theme, a ballad opera with 14 songs and spoken dialogue by Edward Geoghegan)

Original MS playscript, State Records NSW

For checklist entry, see:

Bibliography and resources:

"Geoghegan, Edward (1813-1869)", Obituaries Australia

Edward Geoghegan (Roger Covell, ed.), The currency lass, or, My native girl: a musical play in two acts (Sydney: Currency Press, 1976)

Janette Pelosi, "Colonial drama revealed, or plays submitted for approval", Margin: life and letters of early Australia 60 (July/August 2003), 21-34

Gay Lynch and Janette Pelosi, "Lost & found - reinstating playwright Edward Geoghegan (1813-1869) and his most controversial play, The Hibernian Father (1844)", in Anders Ahlqvist and Pamela O'Neill (eds), Language and power in the Celtic world: papers from the seventh Australian Conference of Celtic Studies, University of Sydney, September-October 2010 (Sydney: Celtic Studies Foundation, University of Sydney, 2011), 181-203

GEORGI, Signor


Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5


Professor of music, organist (St. Ignatius, Richmond), pianist, committee-member (Musical Association of Victoria)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1869-82


"INQUEST", The Argus (18 September 1869), 5

"THE CHURCH OF ST. IGNATIUS", Bendigo Advertiser (15 March 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (21 December 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (13 November 1876), 5

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (15 April 1880), 4


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 April 1882), 3

[News], The Argus (13 April 1882), 7


Vespers: or, the evening office of the church, for use by the laity, especially for those who frequent St. Ignatius' Church, Richmond, arranged by Professor Gerlach (Melbourne: Clarson, Massina & Co., [1870])


Serenader, vocalist

? Active Sydney, NSW, by 1850


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1850), 1 

MESSRS. PELL, HANWOOD, GERMAN, and WHITE, beg respectfully to acquaint the gentry and inbabitants of Sydney that they have arrived here via New Bedford, and purpose giving a series of these popular and fashionable entertainments, the first of which will take place at the Royal Hotel on Wednesday, August 7th, when the most favourite Vocal and Instrumental Songs and Solos will be introduced. For further particulars see bills. Tickets to be obtained at Mr. Sparke's, Royal Hotel, and Mr. Ducro's, Music Saloon, 28, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1

OUR LYCEUM THEATRE, under the management of Messrs. Craven and Stephens. UNCLE TOM'S CABIN TO-NIGHT. Miss A. M. QUINN, Mr. J. H. VINSON, and the whole of the powerful company with numerous auxiliaries. On MONDAY, August 25th, the performances will commence with (first time) an entirely new dramatic story (founded on Mrs. H. B. Stowe's popular work), and written expressly for Miss A. M. Quinn, with new plot, scenes, situations, and characters by Frank Fowler, Esq., Member of the Literary Institute of the British Empire, &c, of EVA, or LEAVES FROM UNCLE TOM'S CABIN. The overture and entire music composed and arianged by M. Winterbottom; the new and appropriate scenery painted by Mr. Guy; the panorama of New Orleans by Mr. Thomas; the nigger dances and serenades by the Ethopian Minstrels engaged expressly to give effect to the delineation of slave life! . . .
Squibby, Mr. Reading; Sambo, Mr. German; Bingy, Mr. Brenny . . .
In the course of the piece - Chorus - "I'll throw myself nway," Messrs. Brenny, Reading, German, &c. . . .
Chorus - "Mississippi am a berry fine boat," with banjo and tamborine accompaniment, Messrs. Brenny, Reading, and Felix German . . .


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

... At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee-Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur, "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

GETSON, Master

Leader of school orchestra, accordeon player

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement]: "ST. PATRICK'S SCHOOL, PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1854), 1

On Thursday, the 27th instant, a public examination of this School was held by the Rev. Dean Coffey, assisted by the Rev. J. M'Clennan ...It may not be amiss to observe that music forms a very important item in the studies of the scholars of St. Patrick's school, a proof of which, we had the rare pleasure of enjoying on the evening of the examination. It was announced that a concert would be given at 7 o'clock p.m., by a juvenile band of Negro performers ...Master Getson - the leader of the orchestra, playing the accordeon; Master Malony, the violin; and his brother, accompanied by Master Griffin, playing the flutina; Master Corcoran, the tambourine, and Master Doyle, "the bones". They played several Negro melodies with such good taste, and in such "regular Nigger style", considering their age, and, as yet rather limited experience in such matters of comic deliniations, that they perfectly surprised us by their jests and comicalities. The amusement was increased by some young vocalists, who charmed us by their sweet and unaffected singing. Mr. Dunphy beautifully varied the amusements of the evening by exhibiting the Magic Lantern - showing views picturesque, comical, and grotesque - at which the audience were much delighted. The entertainment wound up by the band playing "God save the Queen", the company standing. Before the children departed to their respective abodes, Dean Coffey announced his intention of giving them a tea party on the 15th August next, when they shall hold their next musical soiree. Such reunions and musical evenings are well calculated to give an impetus to the desire for study, and at the same time they possess a refining tendency on the youthful mind, which at certain intervals require a pleasant, instructive, and well directed relaxation. We have seldom passed a more pleasant evening, nor seen a school in the colony conducted with such care.



Active Adelaide, SA, 1855


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 July 1855), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 October 1855), 1

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (3 October 1855), 2

Musical works:

Flowers and fragrance (chorus; July 1855)

Joy of our childhood ("attributed to a local composer"; October 1855)

GIAMMONA, Antonio (incorrectly also GIAMMONIA)

Flautist, formerly tenor vocalist, teacher of singing, professor of music, composer

Born ? Italy, c.1842
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, July 1875
Died Cook's River, Sydney, NSW, 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Antonio Giammona


Thanks to Allister Hardiman, 2015 (on the verso, handwritten in French: "Antonio Giammona, my grandfather")  


Giammona arrived in Melbourne with Ilma De Murska and her manager De Vivo in July 1875. According to the Argus in August:

Signor Giammona is a young man, an Italian, and a good flautist. He plays to an audience accustomed to hear the best effects to be produced upon that instrument, and he wins their hearty approval because he has sensibility in his mind as well as skill at his finger ends.

As well as the extant compositions listed below, a New Guinea waltz and All-England Eleven galop were published by Allan and Co. in December 1876.

In 1881, Giammona was charged with assaulting the composer and reviewer, Alfred Moul, the author of an unfavourable review of his recently published Mass. Moul had written:

The bald effect of [the] tenor, constantly doubling the soprano, and basses doing a like duty for the alto, is a serious fault that would almost justify a wholesale condemnation of the entire composition, inasmuch as the pitiable lack of harmony that nearly every where disfigures the choral episodes good effect is an impossibility ...

After several performances of the mass in late 1881 (including one in Dunedin, New Zealand) and early 1882, Giammona sailed for Sydney in February 1882. He was still advertising as a teacher there in February 1885, but in July it was reported that he was "now an inmate of the Licensed House for the Insane, Cook's River". He died there in 1890. There were documented performances of his Mass during the following decade, but as late as 1899 the Hobart Mercury still remembered him as "poor Giammona".


[News], The Argus (28 July 1875), 4

"THE DE MURSKA CONCERTS", The Argus (10 August 1875), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (22 September 1876), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 December 1876), 12

[News], The Argus (7 June 1879), 6

[News], The Argus (3 October 1881), 4

"ASSAULT UPON A MUSICAL CRITIC", The Argus (11 October 1881), 4

"AN ANGRY MUSICIAN", The Australasian Sketcher (22 October 1881), 347

"SS. PETER AND PAUL'S CHURCH, EMERALD HILL", The Argus (5 December 1881), 10

[News], New Zealand Tablet (30 December 1881), 15

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1882), 4

"SIGNOR GIAMMONA", The Bulletin (4 March 1882), 2 

"CATHOLIC. CHRISTMAS DAY IN THE CHURCHES", Freeman's Journal (30 December 1882), 15

Giammona's Mass had been carefully rehearsed, and with a strong well-drilled chorus, an orchestra of skilled musicians, and accomplished singers as soloists, it was no wonder that the performance, directed, as it was, by the composer himself, was successful. Better music for a festival could hardly be selected outside the works of the immortal German and Italian Mass writers, for it is music that delights the ear and fills the heart with a spirit of gladness. Herr Alpen, the organist and choirmaster, was fortunate indeed in securing the services of such artists as Miss Marie St. Clair and Mr. John Bushelle, and it is satisfactory to be able to state that both singers were in good voice and were more than usually effective. The Mass solos were sung by Miss E. A. Moon, soprano; Miss St. Clair and Mrs. Banks, contralti; Mr. Frank Brewer, tenor; and Mr. Bushelle, bass. The solos and concerted numbers were nearly all exceedingly well sung, and some of the choruses were grandly impressive, notably the finale of the "Agnus Dei" and the orchestra played throughout as first rate musicians only could. Signor Giammona performed wonders with his baton, and kept singers and players together from first to last. Herr Alpen did good duty at the organ; the orchestra was made up of the following : - Mr. W. Rice, leader; Mr. Asoli, second violin; Mr. H. Rice, viola; Messrs. H. McMahon, and Taylor, cornets; Signor Pagnotti, flute; Mr. S. Hodge and Mr. Schovel, clarionettes; Mr. White, contra bass; Mr. Menton, violoncello; and Mr. Wolfe, tympani.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1885), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1885), 3

"Personal", Table Talk (19 September 1890), 4

Signor Antonio Giammona, who came to Australia with Ilma di Murska, has not very long survived "the Hungarian Nightingale." Signor Giammona was engaged as the tenor of the Di Murska Concert Company, but lost his voice crossing the Atlantic from Liverpool, to New York. The then took to the flute, which he played at the Australian concerts, and finally settled down in Melbourne as a fashionable singing master. However, he lost nearly all his pupils just when his fame as a teacher stood at the highest, owing to an assault case which was made public by Mr. Alfred Moule, then musical critic to the "Age," bringing the matter before the Police Court. Poor Giammona left Melbourne for Sydney, where he became demented, and, after years of suffering, died the other day in the Parramatta Lunatic Asylum.

"Needles. Short, Sharp, Shiny", South Australian Chronicle (4 October 1890), 12

Giammona, the flautist, died lately in a Sydney madhouse. Once he was the "curled darling" of Australia's capitals, but for years he has been a hopeless imbecile. The Italian consul at the court of Parkes saw to the unfortunate man's welfare.

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1890), 8

"MASTER HAROLD SHEEN'S CONCERT", The Mercury (16 December 1899), 2

Musical works:

Mazurka on the popular Neapolitan song Santa Lucia (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkie's), [1876]) 

Unforgotten (Song; the words by Geo. Gordon McCrae) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1876]) 

Still think of me (Rappelle-toi) (words translated from the French of Alfred de Musset by Maria X. Hayes) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1879]) 

Mass ("Composed expressly for and first produced at S.S. Peter & Paul Catholic Church, Emerald Hill") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) 

Tantum ergo (NLA, in Papers of Frederic Earp)


Theatrical dancer

Died Sydney, NSW, 5 December 1836


GIBBS, Elizabeth Jane

Organist (Trinity Church)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1853


"TRINITY CHURCH SUNDAY SCHOOL", South Australian Register (2 March 1853), 3

"PULTENEY-STREET SCHOOL", South Australian Register (21 June 1853), 3

GIBBS, James Gordon

Composer, cabinetmaker, undertaker

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 26 May 1851 (per Catherine, from Liverpool and Plymouth, 9 February)
Died Royal Park, Melbourne, VIC, 4 December 1899, aged 91 (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (27 May 1851), 2

"FAREWELL HYMN", South Australian Register (20 November 1867), 2

"SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 February 1869), 2

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (24 March 1869), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (22 September 1869), 4

"THE BRITISH THRONE AND EMPIRE", South Australian Register (4 December 1875), 5

"KENSINGTON AND NORWOOD", South Australian Register (12 October 1880), 1s

"JUVENILE VALEDICTORY EXHIBITION", South Australian Register (29 November 1882), 1s

... The programme consisted of sacred music and readings, and the major part were compositions of Mr. J. G. Gibbs, all of an appropriate character, the argument embracing references to the forming of the Torrens Lake, the drought, the distress of the Jews, the troubles of Shetland fishermen, in all of which matters South Australia lent charitable help during the Mayor's term of office.

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (13 December 1899), 6

Musical works:

The holy bible (sacred song; respectfully dedicated to Lady Daly by her Ladyship's very obedt. servt. James G. Gibbs, the words by the Rev. J. Hall, M.A., the German translation by Joh. Chr. Hansen, musical professor) (Adelaide: S. Marshall, [1869]) 

My father's house (A new sacred Song, dedicated by permission to Mrs. Colonel Gawler; words by Dr. Watts) (Adelaide: S. Marshall, 1869)

Farwell hymn of praise (to Prince Alfred) (first performed November 1867)

The British throne and empire (Cantata, first performed December 1875) (words only: Adelaide: W. K. Thomas, 1881.)

GIBBS, Eliza (Sarah Elizabeth; Mrs. GIBBS, Mrs. GIBBES; Mrs. John GIBBS)

Vocalist, dancer, teacher of pianoforte and singing

Born ? London, c.1804/05
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (passenger per Trial, from Plymouth, 18 May, via Rio De Janeiro)
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 March 1866; buried St. Stephen's, Newtown, 31 March 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Violinist, leader of theatre orchestras, arranger, composer

Born ? London, c.1815
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (passenger per Trial, from Plymouth, 18 May, via Rio De Janeiro)
Died Sydney, NSW, June 1875, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



At the time of the June 1841 UK census, John Gibbs, 25, teacher of music, his wife Eliza, 35, and infant daughter (? Sophia) Eliza were living in Little Pierpont Row, in the parish of St. Mary Islington East. They arrived in Sydney in October 1842 in a party of theatricals recruited in London by Joseph Wyatt for the Royal Victoria Theatre. They made their first appearances there in November, Mrs. Gibbs on stage, and John as the new leader of the orchestra and musical director succeeding S. W. Wallace.

For a short period, in late 1850 and early 1851, Gibbs appears to have taken over the musical retail and publishing business of George Hudson, a colleague in the theatre orchestra. In December 1850, from Hudson's address, he advertised as:

JUST PUBLISHED. The following Songs, as sung at Madame Francesca Allen's Grand Evening Concert, with unbounded applause. The Irish Emigrant; They Say there is Some Distant Land, The Old Arm Chair, &c., 60 Sixty Polkas, 1s. each.; J. GIBBS &c CO., 377, Pitt-street.

However, he and Elizabeth Hudson advertised the end of their partnership in April 1851. By July, Gibbs was trading from 89 Phillip-street, from where he published Woman's heart (The celebrated romance, Sung by Miss Sara Flower, with the most enthusiastic applause, at the Royal Victoria Theatre, in the opera of The Enchantress composed by M. W. Balfe), the last that is heard of this venture.

DISAMBIGUATION: Eliza Gibbs's name is sometime given as "Louisa" (Gyger 1999), evidently a confusion with "Madame Louise". Eliza is not to be confused with her more famous London theatrical near contemporary, Margaretta Graddon (b. c.1804) (Mrs. Alexander Gibbs), also a vocalist,_Miss_(DNB00)


England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915

April 1841, Sophia Eliza Gibbs, Islington

UK census, 1841, parish of St. Mary Islington East, Little Pierpoint Row

John Gibbs, 25, teacher of music, Eliza Gibbs, 35, Eliza Gibbs, 3 months

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 July 1842), 2

"ARRIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1842), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1842), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. The Public is respectfully informed that the following Ladies and Gentlemen, from the London Theatres, having arrived, they will shortly make their appearance at this Theatre in the course of the Entertainments now under preparation: MADAME LOUISE, MADAME TORNING, MRS. GIBBES, MR. TORNING ANDREWS, MR. J. B. JAMES, AND MR. GIBBES, Leader of the Orchestra and Musical Director.

"THEATRE", The Australian (31 October 1842), 2 

The elections occupy so much of our time, that we have not much space to bestow on the now performers, ex TRIAL . . . The party who merits our especial notice is Mr. Gibbes, who appeared on tho above evening as our thoatrical conductor and leader. He more than answers our expectations. To those who are unacquainted with the arduous duties of a leader, it may not be improper to observe, that in an orchestra he takes the principal violin, and is so stationed that he may not only see every performer about him, but also be seen by the whole band; that he may communicate to them the time and style of the various movemonts they may have to perform. It is to him that the whole band must look for direction in the execution of the music, and it is on his watchful eye, his steadiness, skill and judgment, and the attention of the performers to his motion, manner, and expression, that the concinuity, truth, and effect do in a great measure depend. Mr. Gibbes seems to have a just sense of the importance of his situation in the orchestra, and of the high responsibility it involves. He seems free from the vain desire of drawing the attention of the house, by descending to the grave notes of the silver string, and then running divisions upon the shift of the E string, by way of clap-trap. On the contrary, he appeared quiet and humble, though firm and masterly in his manner of leading aiid conducting the orchestra. He was all eyes and ears. He took up all the leading points, marked the accented notes with true force, yet free from those horrible cork cutting scrapings which set ones teeth grinding; and he gave all the lights and shades of the crescendo and diminuendo with so much clearness and effect, that anyone in the orchestra disposed to retard the time, or inclined to gallop on a bar or two in advance of others, had not the slightest chance of indulging in such vagaries. Mr. Gibbes would not have it at any prico; in fact he is a perfect leader. We know not what his pretensions may be as a solo performer, nor is it a matter for our present consideration. We looked for a leader in Mr. Gibbes, and in every sense of the word we have found one; and we heartily congratulate him on his success . . .

"THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (5 November 1842), 2

On Thursday evening, the musical drama of Paul and Virginia was performed at the Victoria, for the first time. The music of this piece is by Reeve and Mazzinghi, and has more of prettiness than of grandeur or depth. Both the singing and the acting were, however, comparatively good, and the audience appeared to be much pleased with the performance Mrs. Gibbs made her first appearance, in the character of Paul, to which the principal airs are alloted. She is, undoubtedly, a great acquisition to the vocal strength of the colony, as well as to the Sydney stage. She has a voice of considerable power, and of fine quality, particularly in the lower notes; and what is of the greatest importance, she is full of feeling. This great quality thrown into the not otherwise very striking air "the wealth of the cottage is love" produced a hearty encore. The merits are somewhat diminished by a slight defect in her utterance; but, on the whole, we must pronounce her, by comparison, a star in our musical world. Mesdames Torning (in the character of Virginia) and Louise (in the character of the runaway slave) performed their characters exceedingly well. The instrumental performances on this occasion were defective, perhaps from certain vacancies in the orchestra, but as Mr. Gibbs does his work con amore, we expect to see a rapid improvement in this department.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1842), 2

"THE THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (22 November 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1842), 3

Mrs. J. GIBBS respectfully begs leave to announce to the inhabitants of Sydney and the surrounding neighbourhood, that she will be happy to give lessons on the Pianoforte and Singing, upon those principles which have recently given such entire satisfaction in London, Edinburgh, Dundee, &c. The Violin taught, and Quadrille Bands provided, by Mr. J. Gibbs, late member of the orchestra of the celebrated Musard. Address, No. 2, Park-Street East.

[Advertisement], The Australian (11 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1843), 3

"THEATRICAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 February 1847), 156

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (9 March 1847), 3

On Thursday the boxes were unusually brilliant, whilst the house was well attended in every part to witness a repetition of DER FREISCHUTZ, which, so far from being on the wane, seems to acquire fresh attraction from each successful performance ... on Thursday, [saw] an apology for Mrs. Carandini, and the assumption of Rose by Mrs. Gibbs, a part which she played with the skill of a proficient actress and the ability of an accomplished musician. We are not of those critics who seek to undervalue this lady's merits, because of the trifling lisp which some insist mars all her efforts. Our ears are as sensitive of discord as those of most folks and we do not detect any such jarring element in Mrs. Gibbs' vocality ... It has been an unfair and cruel practice to underrate the good services of Mrs. Gibbs, but we could easily prove that not one performer, male or female, in the Southern Hemisphere, has ever had her opportunities, or filled the characters which she has repeatedly and successfully sustained in the great National Theatres of mighty London, and were she to secede from the boards of the Victoria her loss would be "Not loud but deep".

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1851), 3

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1851), 1 

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1853), 2

DIED, Of paralysis, on the 15th December, 1851, aged 73, at the residence of her son, Mr. Benjamin Gibbs, Mary-street, Hampstead Road, Middlesex, Mrs. Anne Gibbs, relict of the late Mr. Richard Gibbs, of High Holborn, and mother of John Gibbs, Professor of Music of this city.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1861), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1863), 4

A benefit concert was given at the Temperance Hall, on the evening of the 5th instant, in the interest of Mrs. Gibbs, an old and favourite member of the dramatic profession, long been incapacitated by illness. It was very numerously attended and well supported by members of the musical and theatrical professions.

Burials in the parish of Camperdown, in the county of Cumberland, in the year 1866

13814 / Sarah Elizabeth Gibbs / Dowling St. / [died] March 29 / [buried] March 31 / Years 62 / Wife of Musician . . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1866), 15 

To Parties Furnishing, Dealers, and others. MB. H. VAUGHAN has received instructions from Mr. John Gibbs to sell by auction, on TUESDAY, 24th instant, at 11 o'clock, on the premises, No. 99, Dowling-street, Household furniture, kitchen utensils, and effects.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1869), 4

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1875), 14

[News], Evening News (15 June 1875), 2 

We regret to mention the death of Mr. John Gibbs, who has been well known among musical circles in this colony since the year 1841. The older residents of Sydney will remember him as the leader of the orchestra in the Victoria and Prince of Wales theatres in days gone by. During the last few years he has not been prominently before the public, having devoted himself principally to teaching. His death will be regretted by a large circle of friends and pupils.

[News], Australian Town and County Journal (19 June 1875), 9

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1887), 11

... considerably more than "25 years ago" English operas and English rendering of foreign operas wore performed by the "stock company" of the old Vic, under the leadership of that old enthusiast, the late Mr. John Gibbs, two evenings in each week, and I do not hesitate to say that such operas as "Norma", "Lucia", "Sonnambula", "Der Freischütz", "Bohemian Girl", "Enchantress", "Daughter of St. Mark", "Maid of Honor", "Maritana", "Siege of Rochelle", "Mountain Sylph", "Night Dancers", &c., and many musical plays, were much better and more completely represented in Sydney in those days than in any Provincial city in England.

Documented musical works (by John Gibbs; none survive):

A new Set of Irish quadrilles (composed for this occasion, introducing the airs of Captain Casey, St. Patrick Was a Gentleman, and Morgiana in Ireland, &c. &c.)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1843), 3

The lord of the manor (the comic opera ... the whole of the music arranged and partly composed by Mr. Gibbs; including "Hark! Hark! the merry peal" (Duet) and "Our sex is capricious" (song), both "composed by Mr. Gibbs")

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1843), 3

The rose of Cashmere; or, Ebe Bacar, the diamond merchant ("Ballet Divertisement")

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 November 1845), 2

In christian lands ("an entirely new song arranged for the occasion by Mr. Gibbs")

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE". The Australian (4 November 1845), 2

An entirely new set of polka quadrilles ("arranged for this orchestra by Mr. Gibbs")

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1847), 2

Le pont neuf; or, Mad as a March hare (comic ballet of action)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1847), 1

The wandering Savoyards (duet)

: [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1850), 2

Grand new Mexican dance

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 February 1851), 2

Air with variations (violin)

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1851), 2

A cantata, appropriate to the first anniversary of the gold discovery in New South Wales (words: Mr. [J.G.] Griffiths)

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1852), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1852), 2

The bachelors' polka ("composed expressly")

"BACHELORS' BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1853), 1

GIBBS, Joseph Thomas Burton (J. T. B. GIBBS)

Printer and publisher, music publisher, ? composer

Born Tissington, Derbyshire, England, 31 January 1832
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1863, or earlier
Died Ranwick, NSW, 28 January 1925, aged 93 [sic]


[Advertisement], The Age (15 December 1863), 8 

NOTICE. - The PARTNERSHIP previously existing between JOSEPH T. GIBBS, ALFRED MASSINA, JOSEPH T. SHALLARD and WILLIAM CLARSON, under the style and firm of Clarson, Shallard & Co., Printers, Melbourne and Sydney, was DISSOLVED on the 23rd day of NOVEMBER, 1863, so far as regards the said Joseph T. Shallard and William Clarson. (Signed) JOSEPH T. GIBBS. ALFRED MASSINA. JOSEPH T. SHALLARD. WILLIAM CLARSON. Witness - James M'Kean. The business will be carried on as before, by consent, under the style and firm of Clarson, Shallard & Co., by the undersigned, by whom also all debts will be received and all accounts paid. ALFRED MASSINA. JOSEPH. T. GIBBS. 85 Bourke street, Melbourne; 207 Pitt street, Sydney.

"NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (19 March 1869), 725

NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION. THE Partnership hitherto existing between the undersigned, carrying on business as Printers and Publishers, in Melbourne and Sydney, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. WILLIAM CLARSON. ALFRED MASSINA. (Clarson, Massina, & Co., Melbourne.) JOSEPH T. B. GIBBS. JOSEPH T. SHALLARD. (Gribbs, Shallard, & Co., Sydney.) The business in Melbourne will be conducted as heretofore, by the said William Clarson and Alfred Massina, under the old style of " Clarson, Massina, & Co.," who will pay accounts owing and receive moneys due. The business in Sydney will be conducted as the said Joseph Gibbs and Joseph T. Shallard, under the old style of " Gibbs, Shallard, & Co.," who will pay accounts owing and receive moneys due. February 24th, 1869.

"NOTICE", New South Wales Government Gazette (10 September 1878), 3658 

NOTICE is hereby given, that the partnership hitherto existing between the undersigned, Joseph Thomas Burton Gibbs and Joseph Thomas Shallard of Pitt-street, Sydney, carrying on business as printers and publishers under the style or firm of " Gibbs, Shallard, & Co.," has this day been dissolved, the said Joseph Thomas Shallard retiring from the said business, which will be carried on by the said Joseph Thomas Burton Gibbs on his own account, but under the same style of "Gibbs, Shallard, & Co." ...

"MR. J. T. BURTON-GIBBS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1925), 10 

Musical works (?):

Santa Claus schottische written for American Novelty Company [by] J. G. (Sydney: Printed by Gibbs, Shallard and Co., [1877]) 


Teacher of music and dancing

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1848


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (11 November 1848), 3 


Dancing master

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1851


[Advertisement], The Courier (4 June 1851), 1 


Leader (The Bavarian Band, Astley's Circus), cornet player

Active Launceston, TAS, by 1855


[Unclaimed letters], The Argus (10 March 1855), 7

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (12 May 1855), 1

THE BAVARIAN BAND IN RETURNING THANKS for the very liberal support they have received since and during their short sojourn in Launceston, beg to inform the inhabitants, generally that they have returned from Hobarton, and will remain in Launceston during the winter. They will be happy to attend Quadrille and Evening Parties, and devote their best energies to the amusement of the town generally. This band may be known by their uniform, blue and silver. All commands to be left with Mr. G. Shipley, Wellington-street. PETER GILCHER, Leader.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 July 1862), 8

"SHIPPING NEWS", The South Australian Advertiser (6 January 1863), 2

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (21 July 1864), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (2 November 1864), 1

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (20 February 1865), 3

GILES, Charles

Shoemaker, convict, amateur musician, clarinet / clarionet player

Born Bonnington, Kent, England, 12 August 1798
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 31 July 1827 (convict per Governor Ready, from England, 26 March 1827)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1840
Died Hobart, TAS, 2 September 1874, in his "76th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Clarinet, made by Hermann Wrede, c.1830s; Wesley Museum Hobart 

Played by Mr. Charles Giles (Kent, England) at the opening of the Wesleyan Chapel, Melville Street, Hobart Town, October 1840; presented by the Rev. C. C. Dugan; "Sold in Australia by F. Ellard, Sydney"

GILFILLAN, John Alexander

Painter, Lecturer on Painting, Music and the Fine Arts

Born Jersey, 25 December 1793
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1849 (from NZ and Sydney)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 11 February 1864, aged 70 (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATHS", South Australian (9 July 1847), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (26 January 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (20 February 1849), 3

"PUBLIC LIBRARY AND MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian (23 February 1849), 2

"LECTURE ON THE FINE ARTS", South Australian (27 February 1849), 4

"THE FINE ARTS", South Australian (26 October 1849), 2

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1864), 2

Bibliography and resources:

"John Gilfillan", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Singing class instructor, Beechworth Tonic Sol-Fa Association

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1864


"BAPTIST TEA MEETING", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 November 1864), 2

Yesterday the members of the Beechworth Baptist Congregation assembled in their temporary church, Upper Ford street, to celebrate its inauguration and to welcome the arrival of the Rev. Mr Brightwell. The tables were most liberally provided, and after ample justice had been done to the good things the company adjourned to the Wesleyan Schoolroom, where suitable addresses were delivered. One very pleasing feature in the evening's proceedings was the singing by the Tonic Sol Fa Association which was really a rich musical treat; in fact those present were taken by surprise at hearing the great proficiency which the vocalists had arrived at, and it reflects much credit upon Mr. Gillan, by whom the Association was established ...

"TONIC SOL-FA CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 December 1864), 3 

The members of the Beechworth Tonic Sol Fa Association gave their first public concert at the Town Hall on Tuesday evening last, with a result that must have been equally as gratifying to themselves, as it was pleasing to the audience, who assembled in number sufficient to fill the greater portion of the building. In common with all present we were most agreeably surprised at finding the high state of efficiency to which the vocalists had attained. The entertainment was a genuine treat, and the performers were rewarded with a unanimous round of applause, as each successive piece rendered testified to the musical talent they evinced. His Honor Judge Cope presided on the occasion. As a mark of respect towards Mr. John Gillan who originated the Association, and has unweariedly and perseveringly laboured as its instructor, the members begged his acceptance of a purse of sovereigns which that gentleman, evidently much affected, received in the kindly spirit in which it was offered. We are glad to find that this really delightful means of amusement has taken such deep root in our midst, and hope the Association will go on and prosper as successfully as we wish them.


Soprano vocalist

Born The Burra, SA, 1877
Died 1958

Trove search:"Lulu+Gillespie"

Lulu Gillespie 1899

Image: 1899-09-23 


"UNLEY PARK SCHOOL", Adelaide Observer (29 December 1894), 42

"CONCERT AT TEROWIE", Burra Record (9 January 1895), 3

"ADELAIDE COLLEGE OF MUSIC", Southern Cross (25 January 1895), 6

We have received the report of the above institution for 1894. The college has been very successful, 27 out of 28 pupils sent up the to University Examination in music passed . . . Of the two scholarships awarded we find that Miss Lulu Gillespie, of Whyte-Yarcowie, takes one in the senior student vocal division. This young lady is a most promising vocalist, her finished rendering of the song "Rejoice greatly," from the Messiah, being one of the features of the students' annual concert on November 27 last.

"MISS LULU GILLESPIE", Adelaide Observer (23 September 1899), 16

Miss Lulu Gillespie (Mrs. Albert Fairbairn), the young South Australian soprano, who is about to proceed to Europe to further her vocal studies, was born at the Burra in 1877. At an early age she indicated the possession of musical talent, and began to sing almost as soon as she could talk. Her first public appearance was made at the tender age of six, when she sang at a little concert in Whyte-Yarcowie. In her early 'teens Miss Gillespie came to Adelaide to continue her general education, and for some time was a pupil of Miss Schroder, Norwood, and, later, of the Misses Thornber, at Unley. At the former establishment she studied the piano under Miss Malin, and at the latter she became the chief soloist of the singing class conducted by Mr. J. J. Stevens. It was with this class that she made her first important appearance in Adelaide, the occasion being the annual concert of the school given art Albert Hall in December, 1892, when she sang the soprano solos in the cantata, "Orpheus and Eurydice." The same year Miss Gillespie entered the Adelaide College of Music as a pianoforte student, and for twelve months took lessons from Mr. G. Vollmar. Her pianoforte studies were afterwards directed by Mr. G. Reimann, under whom she made great progress. In the last term of 1893 she entered upon the serious study of singing, her teacher being Mr. Noessel, who was then the principal master of this department in the College of Music. At the end of the year Mr. Noessel's engagement with the College came to a conclusion, and his position was filled by Mr. Albert Fairbairn, who is responsible for the remainder of the vocal training that Miss Gillespie has received up to the present time. Nine months after commencing the study of singing at the College of Music the young soprano won the singing scholarship, her test piece being "Rejoice greatly" from the "Messiah." With the exception of one production Miss Gillespie has been the prima donna in all the operas staged by the Fairbairn Operatic Society. The characters which she has sustained are the Plaintiff in "Trial by Jury," title role in "Patience," Bettina in "La Mascotte," and the name part of "Girofle-Girofla." With Madame Albani she sang the second soprano in the concerted music of "Elijah", when given at the Exhibition Building, in March, 1898, and for the past two or three years has been a familiar figure at the best local concerts.

"MR. AND MRS. FAIRBAIRN", South Australian Register (28 March 1900), 6


Pianist, composer, musical annotation (program note) writer

Born Sheffield, England, 1851 (4th quarter)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by March 1887
Died Sheffield, England, 26 January 1939, aged 87 (NLA persistent identifier)


"MR. GILLOTT'S CONCERT", The Argus (1 April 1887), 6

[News], The Argus (10 December 1887), 11

We acknowledge receipt of the Annotated Programme of the three concerts to be given by Mr. Joseph Gillott in the Masonic hall ...For the right enjoyment of a first-class concert of instrumental music a well annotated programme is becoming more and more a rigorous requirement. That which the morning journals do after the event is here achieved while the entertainment is in progress, or even before it commences, to the enlightenment and gratification of the reader, whether or no he be present at the performance. The book under notice contains 75 quarto pages of well printed matter, and may be purchased at a very small cost at the principal music vendors in this city. It is of more than passing interest in connection with the concerts about to be given, because it may be studied with profit to the average reader whenever the quality of the musical works of which it treats shall be called in question. It is written by a thoroughly appreciative artist, in lucid and agreeable style, and contains "Hints aesthetical and technical for the practice and performance of the various works for the use of pianoforte students". Mr. Gillott calls his annotations "analytical, critical, biographical, descriptive, narrative, and imaginative", and our own perusal of the brochure confirms the statement. The musicians treated in this comprehensive manner are Rubinstein, Bach, Chopin, Volkmann, Grieg, Weber, Liszt, Dvorak, Beethoven, Schumann, Moskowski, Rheinberger, Mozart, Gounod, and Xaver Scharwenka. The author's own name appears amongst the composers, but he does not criticise his own work. We can recommend these annotated programmes as being of permanent value.

"PERSONAL", The Argus (1 May 1900), 5

"PERSONAL", The Argus (2 March 1901), 13

? "THE AUSTRALIAN GOLD RUSH OF 1851 ("When Australia went gold mad"), Alexandra and Yea Standard (13 June 1902), 2s

"COMPOSER'S DEATH", The Sun (29 January 1939), 2 

Australian Associated Press. LONDON, Saturday. Joseph Gillott, 88, composer of "Sons of the Southern Seas," has died.


Mr. Joseph Gillott's three concerts: annotated programmes, with hints aesthetical and technical, for the practice and performance of the various works, for the use of pianoforte students") (Melbourne: Stillwell and Co., [1887])

Musical works: 

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Gillott archive; collection of printed and manuscript music scores, letters and scrapbook; National Library of Australia 

GILMORE, Richard (Richard Barnsley MR. GILMORE; frequently Mr. GILMOUR)

Musician, piper, bagpipe player, violinist, musical instrument maker

Born c. 1839; son of William GILMORE and Margaret JARDIN
Married Catherine PHELAN, VIC, 1869
Died Carlton, VIC, 12 April 1884, aged 45 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1865), 8 

"FOOTSCRAY", The Herald (5 October 1865), 4 

Richard Gilmore, residing at the foot of Brown's Hill, on the Swamp road, made application for a publican's license. Granted.

[Advertisement], The Age (8 September 1871), 1 

NOTICE of APPLICATION for a PUBLICANS' LICENCE - To the Licensing Magistrates at Footscray. -
I, RICHARD GILMORE, Musician, of Brown['s Hill], Footscray-road, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain and will at the next licensing meeting APPLY for a PUBLICAN'S LIOENCB for a house situate at Brown's-hill, Footscray-road, containing six rooms exclusive of those required for the use of the family, to be known as Gilmore's Point Hotel. The 23rd day of August, A.D. 1871.

[Advertisement], The Age (28 June 1873), 3 

GILMORE'S POINT HOTEL. Footscray-road, near North Melbourne Railway Station. By RICHARD GILMORE, Musician. Quadrille Bands furnished for Town or Country. Musical Instruments repaired. Maker and Teacher of Highland and Union Bagpipes.

"MUSICAL AND SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS", The Age (3 September 1875), 3 

. . . A handsome set of Highland bagpipes, carved in ebony, with silver and ivory mountings, is forwarded by the maker, Mr. Richard Gilmour, for exhibition . . .

"THE VICTORIAN EXHIBITION OF 1875", The Argus (3 September 1875), supplement 

. . . For those who admire bagpipes, Mr. Richard Gilmour, of the Swamp road, Footscray, tends a very handsome looking set of Scotch bagpipes . . .


. . . Richard Gilmore, of 21 Cardigan street, Carlton, shows two violins and a Highland bagpipes, which latter is quite a pretty and even an innocent-looking instrument so long as it is locked up in a glass case . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (1 October 1881), 8 

RICHARD GILMORE, Musician, Violin and Bagpipe Maker, 21 Cardigan-street, Carlton. Bands provided.

"DEATHS", Leader (19 April 1884), 42 

GILMORE - On the 12th April, at his residence Cardigan-street, Carlton, Mr. Richard Gilmore , musician, aged 45 years.

"DEATH OF A MUSICIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (10 May 1884), 2 

The admirers of our popular Caledonian gatherings will hereafter at the annual fetes miss the wearer of the Gordon tartan, Mr. Richard Gilmour, who has now gone over "to the great majority." As an all round piper he had few equals. The great Highland and Irish pipes were his forte, while on the violin he was no mean proficient. He was the only pipe-maker in the colonies. His last production in the shape of a violin was lately purchased from him by Mr. Moorhead, of Sailor's Gully, for twenty guineas.

[News], Gippsland Times (20 October 1884), 3

"AUSTRALIAN VIOLINS", The Herald (3 October 1831), 8 

. . . I have in my possession a Devereaux violin made by that maker in 1860, when he lived at 18 Marion Street, Collingwood. It was originally owned by my father, and was purchased nearly 40 years ago. It might be interesting to note, also, that Devereaux had an apt pupil in one Gilmour, who afterwards also made several good violins of blackwood . . . OSCAR FLIGHT, JR. Bendigo, October 2.



Active Daylesford, VIC, 1857-58


"DAYLESFORD. Public Amusements", Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 4 

The Operatic Company, with Miss Julia Harland at its head, appeared on Monday evening last, at the Mount Franklyn Hotel, before a respectable and delighted audience. The party had been travelling all day, and were much fatigued; there was, however, no lack of energy. The musical and dramatic parts were well sustained, and drew down thunders of approbation. At the conclusion of the performances, Messrs. Schrerder and Gingey, two well known musicians, who are under an engagement at the hotel, kept the audience in mirthful excitement till the break of morn.

"DAYLESFORD. Musical", Mount Alexander Mail (22 January 1858), 4 

It is with some regret we have to announce that the talented Harpist, so long engaged at the Mount Franklyn Hotel, is about leaving us for Melbourne. The gentlemanly conduct of this musician has ensured the respect of all with whom he has associated. Mr. Schroeder has since he left England been accompanied by Mr. Gingey, (a most excellent violinist), who is equally a favorite with the people here, and a separation under any circumstances is a misfortune. It is hoped that a re-union will in a short time take place. Mr. Woodin, pianist, has seceded from the establishment of Mrs. Brougham. This gentleman will doubtless soon meet with another engagement.


Pianist, conductor, teacher, composer

Born Milan, Italy, 11 November 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, December 1871
Departed Sydney, NSW, July 1883 (per Caledonian, for Europe)
Died Seattle, Washington, USA, 4 May 1914 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Argus (14 September 1871), 5

"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

"MADAME STATES' SECOND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1871), 4

[News], The Argus (21 December 1872), 5

"INTERCOLONIAL MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Argus (28 December 1872), 5

[complete text of Proi]

"MR. COPPIN'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (13 January 1873), 6

"THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1879), 3

"SIGNOR GIORZA'S CANTATA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1880), 7

"Paolo Giorza", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 March 1880), 17

"SIGNOR GIORZA'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1883), 10

"THE LATE C. S. PACKER", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1883), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (30 July 1883), 4

"AUSTRALIAN PATRIOTIC SONGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1888), 6

"A JOKE ON VERDI", Traralgon Record (16 October 1914), 5

Musical works: 

Bibliography and resources:

John Carmody, "Giorza, Paolo (1832-1914)", Australian dictionary of biography supp (2005)

Nadia Carnevale, "Giorza, Paolo, Dizionario biografico degli Italiani 55 (2001)

GIPPS, George (sir George GIPPS)

Patron, dedicatee, governor of NSW (NLA persistent identifier)

GIPPS, Elizabeth (RAMSEY; lady GIPPS; dame Elizabeth GIPPS)

Patron, dedicatee

Born UK, c.1797
Married George Gipps, St Mary Bredin, Canterbury, 1830
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 24 February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from London, 16 October 1837)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1846 (per Palestine, for England)
Died London, England, 11 July 1874, aged 77

GIRARD, Francis Napoleon (Francis GIRARD; alias "De Lisle")

Dancing master, convict, entrepreneur, merchant, pastoralist

Born Normandy, France, 1792/93
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1820 (convict per Agamemnon, age 27, from London, 22 April)
Died Walcha, NSW, 16 November 1859 (TROVE TAGGED)

Girard's and Barker's mills, Woolloomooloo Hill, detail of oil painting by George Edwards Peacock, 1845; State Library of New South Wales 


"SWINDLING A LA FRANCOISE", Newcastle Courant (2 Oct 1819)

On Monday week Messrs. Fearn and Littler, jewellers, in the Strand, were swindled out of a lever escapement gold watch, and a double bottomed engine turned fold watch under the following ingenious, but daring contrivance: - On the Saturday preceding the execution of the plan, a young Frenchman, of dashing appearance and pleasing address, went to Messrs. Fearn and Littler's shop, and requested, through the medium of an interpreter, by whom he was accompanied, to be shewn some silver forks and spoons. Several patterns were immediately exhibited, some of which fixed his attention, and he went away, promising to call on the Monday following, and give an order for the number he wanted. On the Monday he was punctual to his appointment; he came, but was attended by a new interpreter. The spoons and forks were again called for, and again produced, when, after an apparent difficulty in making his choice, he selected a dozen of each, which he desired to be put aside. He then chose a plated tea-pot, ewer, and other articles, of which he desired a bill to be made out. He next asked to see a handsome gold chain and seal. An elegant assortment was presented to his view, and, in a short time, he fixed upon a chain and seal of the most expensive description. His enquiries were then directed to the price of some gold watches, hanging in the window. Two were instantly handed forth, but they, were both so desirable in their appearance, that he did not know which to choose. He appealed to Mr. Littler, and asked him which he would recommend. Mr. Littler answered that they were both equally good. He then requested to know if there was any objection to sending them up to his lodgings in Frith-street, Soho, in order that they might be shewn to a friend of his, upon whose judgment he could rely. There was not the slightest objection; upon which he directed that the silver and other articles, and the account, together with the watches, chain, and seal, might be sent by twelve o'clock, as his friend might be out; after which he took his departure. A shopman was soon afterward sent to the appointed place, and was shewn into an elegant drawing-room, where the Gallic customer and his interpreter were seated. It was now half past twelve and Mr. Francois Girard (the name by which he described himself) appeared very much vexed at the delay which had taken place beyond the time appointed; but desired that he might be allowed to take the watches into another room, to shew to his friend. The shopman, not having the slightest suspicion of deceit, consented to part with the watches, and took his seat in the same room with the interpreter. Mr. Girard had not long retired, when a messenger from the lady of the house, requested the shopman to join her in another room. He obeyed the summons, and on being introduced to the lady, was asked whether he knew anything of Mr. Girard. He answered in the negative, and expressed some surprise at the inquiry; when the lady said that she was equally ignorant of his character, as he had only come to her house on the Saturday preceding, and had introduced himself by presenting a card from Messrs Howes, Hall, and Co silk merchants, in Fleet-street. She concluded by intimating a hope that he had not got any property belonging to the shopman's employers, as he had just gone out in a hurry. The shopman, in great alarm, answered that he had got two gold watches, and instantly returned to the drawing room, suspecting the interpreter had gone off with the remainder of the property. To his satisfaction, however, he found both the interpreter and the other articles safe. On interrogating the interpreter, that gentleman professed himself to be as ignorant of who Mr. Girard was as the landlady, having only seen him that morning for the first time. Every inquiry has since been made for the accomplished thief, but without success. His passport was found at the alien office, and he is there well known; but this is all the discovery that has been made, save from a communication with his first interpreter, who had accompanied him to a vast number of shops in a way similar to his visit at Messrs. Fearn and Littler's, no doubt preparatory to a more extended system of depredation. He obtained the address of his landlady in Frith-street, by accidentally mentioning that he was on want of lodgings in the shop of Messrs Howes and Co., to whom she was personally known. He had previously lodged with a grocer in Piccadilly, and professed not to be able to speak a word of English. His description has been lodged at the house of the French ambassador, and there is every probability that he cannot long escape detection.

"331. FRANCOIS GERARD", 12 January 1820, Old Bailey Proceedings Online

331. FRANCOIS GERARD was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of September, in the 60th year of our Lord the King, two watches, value 40 l. , the goods of John George Fearn and Joseph Littler. COURT. The 60th year of the King has not arrived, therefore this indictment is not good. NOT GUILTY. First Middlesex Jury (Half Foreigners), before Mr. Recorder.

"443. FRANCOIS GERARD", 17 February 1820, Old Bailey Proceedings Online 

FRANCOIS GERARD, Theft, grand larceny, 17th February 1820. 443. FRANCOIS GERARD was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of September, two watches, value 40 l. , the goods of John George Fearn and Joseph Litteler. For the Prosecution, MR. DOWLING.

JAMES CHANDLER. I am in the employ of Messrs. John George Fearn and Joseph Litteler, who are jewellers, and live in the Strand. On Saturday, the 11th of September, the prisoner came to the shop with an interpreter, and desired to see some spoons and forks, and two gold watches; he said he would not decide on them; I saw him again on Monday with a fresh interpreter, when he desired to see the spoons and forks he had seen on Saturday; he fixed on them, and desired to see some plated goods, saying he was going to housekeeping, and could not afford silver. He ordered a sugar-bason, milk-pot, and a gold watch, chain, seal, and key, in all they came to 54 l. He then asked to see some gold watches, and I produced the two he had seen; he said he did not understand watches, but if I would send them to his lodgings, No. 6, Frith-street, he had a friend there, and he would determine which he would take. I took them myself in about an hour, and saw him with the interpreter; I put them on the table. He asked, through the interpreter, if I would allow him to take the watches to a friend in the next room? I said, "Certainly," and gave them to him. As soon as he left the room the interpreter asked me if I knew him? I said No - he never returned. I inquired, and found he had escaped out of the house; I did not see him again until the 2d of December, when I apprehended him at Bath. I found one watch in pledge at Bath, and saw the other at Bow-street; I should not have parted with them without the money. He had ordered the spoons and forks to be engraved.

THOMAS BROWN. On the 13th of September I was shopman to Mr. Chasseroe, who is a pawnbroker, and lives in Marylebone-street. The prisoner pledged a gold watch with me between two and three o'clock in the afternoon, in the name of Delisle. (Property produced and sworn to.)

WILLIAM LEE. I am a Bow-street officer. On the 2d of December I apprehended the prisoner at Bath, where he lodged in a garret by the name of Captain Delisle, and brought him to town. When we were at Reading he asked leave to get of the coach, and immediately ran away, but I secured him.

Prisoner's Defence. I agreed to buy the watches on credit. When I left the room I received a letter from a friend, who I expected some money from, and was obliged to set off for Bristol. I did not think proper to write to the prosecutor till I could pay him.

GUILTY. Aged 26.

Transported for Seven Years .

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Sergeant.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1821), 2 

FRENCH LANGUAGE AND DANCING. - M. GIRARD, of Paris, presenting Compliments to the Families of Sydney, most respectfully informs them that he gives Instruction in his native language, and also in quadrilles, waltzes, &c. All kind of elegant dances, at Mr. Nott's Academy, 44, Castlereagh street; and those Families, who desire it, may be waited on at their own houses.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 December 1820), 4 

F. GIRARD, lately from Paris, No. 75, Pitt-street, begs most respectfully to offer his Services to the Ladies and Gentlemen of the Colony, as Teacher of the FRENCH LANGUAGE grammatically; also, Waltzes, Quadrilles, &c. All kinds of elegant Dances, the same as now taught at Paris - F. G. will either receive Pupils at his Residence, or attend such as may wish it at theirs. N. B. - Lewis Chambaud's French and English Dictionary, in 4 vols, for sale. This valuable work is too well known to require any comment.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1821), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 March 1821), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 August 1821), 2s

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 April 1825), 1 

FRENCH LANGUAGE AND DANCING. QUADRILLES, COUNTRY DANCES, WALTZES, &c. TAUGHT AT No 4, MACQUARIE.STREET. MONSIEUR GIRARD, in presenting his sincere Thanks to the Public for the very liberal Encouragement which he has uniformly experienced, begs to suggest the Advantage which Ladies and Gentlemen would derive, by being finished a few Days previous to any Ball, with select Quadrilles, &c. in exercising which Mistakes would be effectually prevented. As M. G. has a thorough knowledge of the Manner in which French and English Balls are conducted, he respectfully offers his Services for this Purpose, and will undertake to conduct them in the finest Style. N.B.- As many Ladies and Gentlemen, who are somewhat advanced in life, may have, from a variety of causes, neglected to acquire a proper Knowledge of Dancing, M. G. would undertake to teach, in three months, so that they might appear in the Ball-room with perfect grace.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1825), 4

"Public Notice. CONDITIONAL PARDON", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1825), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 September 1826), 1

A NEW PLAN. FOR the Convenience and Comfort of the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney. M. GIRARD requests to announce to the Gentry that from and after Monday next, he intends to OPEN a COFFEE ROOM, à la Françoise, where Pastry and Refreshments of any kind will he obtained. In order to secure the ready and entire Patronage of the ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney Mr. G will spare no Pains to render his Coffee Room a Place of fashionable Resort. Sept. 12, 1826.

"CASE OF ASSAULT", The Australian (25 July 1827), 3 

[News], The Monitor (13 September 1827), 7 

MR. GIRARD's fine mill, adjoining Barker's, is nearly completed. The two mills are very similar in appearance. What with Mr. M'Leay's improvements, the mills, and two or three contemplated buildings by several gentlemen who have received allotments there, Woolloomoolloo Point will soon loose its primitive appearance.

"St. Patrick's Day", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 March 1828), 3 

A numerous party assembled on Monday evening last, at Mr Girard's (the late Sydney Hotel) to celebrate the festival of St. Patrick, by indulging in the pleasures of a good dinner, and a social glass. Mr. Arthur Hill officiated as President on the occasion, and Mr. Samuel Clayton, as Vice . . . The utmost harmony prevailed to an advanced hour of the evening, when the party separated.

"Deaths", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (19 November 1859), 2 

On the 16th instant, at his residence, Branga Park, Walcha, New England, Francis Girard, Esq., aged 67 years.

"Mrs. J. Horniman", The Courier-Mail (10 July 1934), 25

Bibliography and resources:

Girard family, photographs of Bandjalang [Bundjalung] people, Richmond River, N.S.W., ca. 1865; State Library of New South Wales 

J. Waldersee, "Emancipist in a hurry: Francis Girard", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 54/3 (1968), 238-55

Kenneth R. Dutton, "A colonial entrepreneur: François Girard (?1792-1859)", Explorations 39 (December 2005), 3-36 

Kirsty Harris, "Girard's wharf", Dictionary of Sydney (posted 2010) 

Heather Clarke, "The quadrille arrives", Australian Colonial Dance (posted 8 February 2013) 

"François Girard, dancing master, convict" (posted 28 October 2013) 

GIRLE, Thomas R.

Bandsman (The Tasmanian Band), Sax-Contrabass player

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854


"PUBLIC MEETING AT THE TEMPERANCE HALL", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 March 1854), 5

"POLICE OFFICE. ASSAULT", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 February 1857), 4

GITTINS, Elizabeth (Miss GITTINS)

Governess, amateur pianist and vocalist

Born Berwick, Shrophshire, England, c. 1834 (daughter of Thomas Lloyd GITTINS and Priscilla GITTINS)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1852 (per Caesar Godeffroy, from Hamburgh, 17 August)
Died Lindfield, NSW, 29 August 1932, aged 98 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Elizabeth Gittins was governess in the family of Isabel Throsby Osborne (1841-1901), at Throsby Park, Moss Vale, from the mid 1880s and into the early 20th century

An owner bound album of sheet music, bearing the name "Miss Gittins", its contents dating from c. 1852-60, remained in the possession of the Throsby-Osborne family at Throsby Park, and, along with the rest of the Throsby music albums, is now in the collection of Sydney Living Musuems.

Of the contents, 17 of the 33 titles are Sydney editions by the publishers Woolcott and Clarke, Henry Marsh, and J. R. Clarke.

See also Isabel Throsby's album, the contents of which were collected around the same time and slightly later.


"98TH BIRTHDAY. Miss Elizabeth Gittins", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1932), 17 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1932), 8 

Musical sources:

Miss Gittins' songbook: bound collection of early nineteenth century vocal music formerly belonging to Miss Elizabeth Gittins; Sydney Living Musuems; (and digitised) (DIGITISED)

List of contents (33 items); short titles without publishing details all published London (16 items); fuller titles published Sydney (17 items): Spring blossoms (Stephen Glover); There is a flower that bloometh (William Vincent Wallace); Beautiful spring (John Blockley); Little Nell (George Linley); Summer roses (Stephen Glover); Katty Darling, as sung by Madame Bishop [Vincenzo Bellini] (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Sweet Home, new ballad ... by W. T. Wrighton (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Cushla Machree; or, Oh! Erin my country, sung by Miss Catherine Hayes (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Why do summer roses fade (George Barker); Ah! I have sighed to rest me, "Ah che la morte ognora", from Verdi's opera of Il trovatore, arranged by L. Lavenu (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Gentle Annie, as sung by the Christy Minstrels (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); I think of thee, words by Mrs. Violet Linley, composed by George Barker (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co.); Moonlight and Melody (La donna e mobile) (Verdi); I'm a merry Zingara, cavatinetta brillante (M. W. Balfe); Look up (W. T. Wrighton); Gerty's song of the star, no. 1 of songs from the popular American story The lamplighter … by Stephen Glover (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co.); I cannot sing tonight, ballad by L. Lavenu, sung with great applause by Madame Carandini (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Dermot Astore (the reply of Kathleen Mavourneen), no. 10 of the Echoes of the lakes, written by Mrs. Crawford, composed and dedicated to Miss Masson by F. N. Crouch (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke); List to the convent bells, by John Blockley ... duet (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); A lowly youth, favorite song from the opera of Matilda of Hungary [William Vincent Wallace] (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Oft in the stilly night, by Thomas More, as sung by Madame Anna Bishop [arr. By John Stevenson] (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Friends of my youth (George Barker); By the sad sea waves, as sung by Madame Sara Flower [Jules Benedict, incorrectly inscribed "Balfe"] (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co.); Shells of ocean ... words by J. W. Lake, music by J. W. Cherry (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); Molly Asthore, as sung by Miss Catherine Hayes ... My Molly Asthore, by L. Lavenu (Sydney: J. R. Clarke); The ivy green (W. Lovell Phillips); Ben Bolt, as sung by M. W. White, of Rainer's Minstrels, as arranged by J. C. Rainer (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co.); O would I were a boy again ... H. Marsh & Co.'s Ethiopian melodies as sung by the New York & Rainer's Serenaders, no. 1 … (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co.); Adelaide (Beethoven); The queen's waltz (Charles D'Albert); Adelina valse (Charles D'Albert); L'echo du Mont Blanc polka (Jullien); The royal gems, a set of waltzes ... bk. 1 (C. W. Glover)

GLEN, William Henderson (W. H. GLEN)

Music importer and retailer, music publisher, entrepreneur, ? composer

Born Edinburgh, ? 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Toorak, Melbourne, VIC, 6 February 1892, aged 66 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1859), 7

[News], The Argus (6 February 1875), 7

"Deaths", The Argus (8 February 1892), 1

[News], The Argus (8 February 1892), 5

We regret to record the death of Mr. W. H. Glen, founder of and senior partner in the business of Messrs. W. H. Glen and Co., music publishers, of Collins-street, which occurred early on Saturday morning. For over 30 years Mr. Glen was a familiar figure in the city, and he was highly esteemed by all with whom he was brought into relation. The deceased gentleman was born in Edinburgh, and carne to Melbourne in 1853 under engagement to the firm of Messrs. Joseph Wilkie and Co., the predecessors of Messrs. Allan and Co. Five years later he began business for himself as a music-seller in Bourke-street, and in 1861 was obliged to move to larger premises in Swanston-street. A few years later another change was made, this time to a shop in Collins-street, now occupied by the Kalzoic Company. An opportunity of purchasing the valuable site upon which the firm's present premises are built occurred in 1870, and Mr. Glen resolved to erect an establishment which should he equal to anything of its kind in Australia. The result was the handsome Gothic structure in which the business has since been accommodated. The price paid for the land, which had a frontage of about 36ft., was the highest given up to that time for land in Collins-street, namely, £30,000. From time to time Mr. Glen acquired other valuable city and suburban properties. He at one time owned an extensive area in the most picturesque part of Hawthorn, extending from Riverdale-road right down to Gardiner's Creek, the greater part of which has since been sold. The fine mansion in Glenferrie-road known as Hawthorn Glen, at present occupied by the Mayor of Melbourne, was built by Mr. Glen, and two or three years ago he purchased the estate at Toorak of the late Mr. Thomas Baillie. Mr. Glen took a warm interest in matters affecting the musical profession, and during his many visits to England was instrumental in persuading some leading artists to visit Australia, notably Madame Arabella Goddard, who was here about 20 years ago. He was one of the promoters of the Victorian Orchestra, and was a trustee of the Society of Musicians of Australasia. Mr. Glen, who was 66 years of age, had an attack of influenza some four months ago, and his lungs becoming affected he gradually became worse, and died as stated. He leaves a widow, but no children. The funeral will take place this afternoon, leaving Dalmeny, Heyington-road, Toorak, at 3 o'clock, for the Boroondara Cemetery.


Musical works or dedications (?):

Glen's highland schottische (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1875]) 

New highland schottische ("Glen's Highland Schottische Arranged by A. Plock") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) 

Some editions of works by colonial composers:

Intercolonial Exhibition march 1866 (Charles Edward Horsley, Op. 62) [1866] 

And when that meek eyed maiden (From Euterpe, Charles Edward Horsley, op. 76) [1870] 

Oh! Boyhood's days ("as sung by T. H. Rainford", of the Weston and Hussey's Minstrels; by George Loder [op. post.]) [1877] 

The Lily waltz ("As played at the Opera House, Melbourne"; by Thomas Zeplin) [1876] 

Autumn leaves: suite de valses par Thomas Zeplin [1876] 

New tunes to favorite hymns (by Philip Plaisted) [1878] 

Love me (by Luscombe Searell) [1885] 

Isidora: waltzes on melodies from Searelle's opera [1885] 

See also Glen's series "The colonial musical cabinet" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Amateur musician

Born Dulwich, Surrey, England, 14 January 1811
Arrived NSW, 30 January 1828 (free per Marquis of Huntley)
Married Anne Ferris, Sydney, NSW, 13 October 1836
Died West Maitland, NSW, 25 October 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

GLENNIE, Marianne (Mary Anne GLENNIE; Mrs. Maxwell Philips HOLMES)

Amateur pianist, church organist, music copyist

Born East Gresford, NSW, 19 May 1844
Active Gosford, by 1859
Married Maxwell Philips HOLMES, Singleton, NSW, 17 April 1871
Died Gordon, NSW, 15 August 1921, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The University of Newcastle Library has an album of hand-copied piano and vocal music inscribed "Marianne Glennie, Gosford, 1859". Born in 1845 and baptised Mary Ann, she was the daughter of Alfred Glennie (1811-1870), episcopalian (Anglican) priest at Gosford from 1850, and his wife Ann. Later living at the family property "Wollong" in the Hunter Valley, Alfred recorded Marianne becoming his church organist (in his journal, 30 July 1863), and she also accompanied him to outlying churches to play the harmonium for services (e.g. at Branxton on 3, 10, 17 September 1865, and at Rothbury as late as 29 June 1869). Aged 35, she married in 1871, the year after her father's death, and over the coming decade gave birth to at least 5 children. Her collection is a rare example of early colonial manuscript music, her 72-page album proper is described at:

There are also several additional folders and loose sheets at:

As well as an arrangement of Mozart's Non piu andrai and a duet from Verdi's Il trovatore, Glennie's manuscript copies include one Australian composition, the song Your Willie has returned dear, by Ernesto Spagnoletti senior, which was first published in Sydney by Henry Marsh in September 1859, and must have been copied from the printed sheet music (see

At least two older manuscripts had belonged to her father: 


"MARRIAGES", The Maitland Mercury (25 April 1871), 1

At All Saints' Church, Singleton, on the 17th inst., by the Lord Bishop of Newcastle, assisted by the Revd. James Blackwood, B.A., incumbent of All Saints', Maxwell Philips, eldest son of J. B. Holmes, Esq., of The Wilderness, Lochinvar, to Mary Anne, eldest daughter of the late Revd. Alfred Glennie, of Lochinvar.

"MRS. M. A. HOLMES", Moree Gwydir Examiner and General Advertiser (22 August 1921), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

Rev. Alfred Glennie Journals (Narara, NSW: Gosford District Local History Study Group, 1987- ) 

Peregrinations of a Pastoral Parson: Journals of the Rev Alfred Glennie, transcribed & annotated by Ann & Malcolm Glennie Holmes from the Facsimile Edition held by the Muswellbrook Central Library, online at

Other resources:

Papers of the Wyndham and Glennie Families


Bound collection of published sheet music (possibly belonging to Alfred Glennie)


Professor of music, violinist, dancing master, piano tuner

Born Poznan, Poland, c.1830
Arrived NSW, by 1857-58
Departed Newcastle, NSW, 9 September 1862 (for Otago, New Zealand)
Died Auckland, NZ, 17 September 1909


Vocalist, ballad singer, pianist, entertainer

Born Sydney, NSW, 7 October 1835, daughter of George BUCKINGHAM (NSW BDM 360/1835 V1835360 19)
Departed Newcastle, 9 September 1862 (for Otago, New Zealand)
Died ? (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864


"BIRTH", The Sydney Monitor (14 October 1835), 3 

BIRTH - On Wednesday, October 6th, the wife of Mr. George Buckingham, comedian, of a daughter.

"MARRIAGES", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (6 February 1858), 3 

At Armidale, on the 29th instant, by special license, by the Rev. Thomas Johnstone, Miss Ann Jane Buckingham, of Sydney, to Samuel Glogowsky, Esq., of Posen, Prussia.

[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

[Advertising], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1858), 1 

MONDAY NEXT. TOOGOOD'S SALOON will be opened under different management, and as pulling will not be resorted to it will be merely necessary to mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity to make his place the greatest attraction in the city. Behold ! all this talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, EVERY NIGHT, for One Week, with other artistes. The Buckingham Family and troupe. Largest operatic company out of England. Having at great expense engaged the following artistes: Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice; Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso; Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer; Slgnor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist; Miss Buckingham, the talented singer; Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer; Master G. K. Buckingham, the flute player; Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer, called the old musketeer; Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer, Paddy Malone; Master H. Buckingham, the nautical singer, Red, White and Blue, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1858), 1 

CONCERT. Bull and Mouth Hotel. Observe the names of the company engaged. Madame Glogoski, Miss Bassmann, Paddy Doyle, Mr. Campbell, and Herr Glogoski, thus defying competition. Admission Free.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1859), 1 

THE MANLY BEACH FESTIVAL. The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY will appear in the Saloon at 3 p.m., with the Musketeer, Billy Crow, and Peter Peppercorn. Madame GLOGOSKI will preside at the pianoforte.

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (14 July 1859), 3 

Pianoforte Tuning and Repairing. MR. GLOGOSKI begs to announce to the inhabitants of Illawarra, that he is now on a visit to this district, and is prepared to Tune and Repair Pianofortes, in the most efficient manner, and on reasonable terms. Orders addressed to the above at ELLIOTT'S Hotel, Wollongong, will be promptly attended to. Mr. G. intends visiting Kiama and Shoalhaven during next week.

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (25 August 1859), 3 

A BALL AND REFRESHMENT will be given in the spacious saloon of the Wollongong Hotel, on TUESDAY Night, the 30th instant. The Buckingham Family's most efficient and full band will be in attendance. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock, p.m. Double Tickets, 7s 6d; single ditto 5s, which can be obtained at the Hotel.

Grand Ball. HERR GLOGOSKI, begs to inform the inhabitants of Shoalhaven, that a Grand Ball will take place at his Dancing Academy, on Monday, the 29th August. Refreshment will be provided. Admission - Single tickets, 5s; Double ditto, 7s 6d. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

MADAM GLOGOSKI begs to inform the inhabitants of Shoalhaven, that she intends giving lessons on the Pianoforte, Singing, Dancing, and every description of Fancy Work. Charges moderato. Shoalhaven, 20th August, 1859.

"BANQUET TO MR. JOHN GARRETT, M.P., FOR SHOALHAVEN", Illawarra Mercury (29 August 1859), 2 

[Advertisement], Goulburn Herald (28 January 1860), 2 

"ODD FELLOWSHIP", Goulburn Herald (8 February 1860), 2 

The twelfth anniversary of the foundation of the Loyal Stranger and Friend Lodge, was celebrated yesterday in the usual manner. The officers and brethern met in the meeting at the lodge room, Commercial Hotel and walked in procession to St. Saviour's Church, where a sermon was preached by the Rev. R. Leigh, who had been initiated the night before. After the termination of the service, the brethern walked in procession through the town. In the evening a ball and supper were held at Host Cohen's. About forty couples were present. The music was piano and violin, by Mr. and Mrs. Glogoski, two new arrivals, of whose musical abilities report speaks highly. Dancing was kept up till daybreak, and all appeared well pleased with their amusement.

"HOW 'PROFESSIONALS' HAVE SERVED US", Examiner [Kiama] (11 February 1860), 2 

. . . Some months ago we were honored with a visit from no less a personage than M. Golgoski, who, after expressing his disapprobation of the facilities our town afforded for the display of vocal and instrumental harmony possessed by himself, fair spouse, and partner, signified his intention of proceeding immediately to Shoalhaven, at the same time placing in the hands of our printer a lengthy programme for immediate execution, embracing music of every description, from the "Sky Town Maid," up to the last scene in "Lucia di Lammermoor." The programme was printed and sent down to M. Glogoski between two and three o'clock in the morning, with the amount of damage enclosed - but alas, we have never seen M. Glogoski, programme, or bill, from that day to this . . .

[Advertisement], Queanbeyan Age and General Advertiser (3 November 1860), 4 

"SHIPPING", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (3 September 1862), 2 

"SHIPPING", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 September 1862), 2 

Sep. 9.- Cincinatti, barque, 413, Hyde, for Otago, with 643 tons coal. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Glogoski and two children, Mrs. and. Miss Buckingham and servant, Masters Buckingham (3), and Messrs. Dalton, Ridgeway, E. Conn, and G. Buckingham, and 5 in steerage. Ward and Co., agents.

"LYTTELTON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL", Lyttelton Times (5 April 1864), 5 

A letter was read from a gentleman named Glogoski, professor of music, applying to rent the Town Hall for the use of the dancing class on the evenings of Monday and Friday in each week . . .

"R. M. COURT . . . S. Glogoski v John Watson", Wanganui Chronicle (9 December 1890), 2 

[Advertisement], Wanganui Herald (23 October 1897), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

"Buckingham, George and Buckingham, Rosetta", Te Ara (Encyclopedia of New Zealand) 


Vocalist ("the Ballarat Nightingale")

Active Ballarat, VIC, c.1855


"DIGGINGS NEWS. AMUSEMENTS", The Age (9 March 1855), 5 

... And, to crown all, the boards of the Dr. Johnson Saloon draw delighted audiences to hear the comic and original ebullitions of Thatcher, and the sweet charming strains of the Ballarat nightingale, Miss Kate Glover.

GLOVER, Stephen

English song composer

Born London, 1813
Died 7 December 1870 (NLA persistent identifier)


Though neither of the brothers, Stephen Glover or Charles William Glover, both popular songwriters, ever visited Australia, a ballad elsewhere in the local press attributed simply to Glover, The Australian emigrant appeared anonymously as the first number of Henry Marsh's 1855 weekly serial The Australian musical cadeau. It was introduced in Miska Hauser's concert in Sydney in April 1855 by the recently-arrived English actor-singer, Mrs. Henry Craven (daughter of Sidney Nelson); perhaps she specially commissioned for their visit (1854-57) before leaving London. Also known as "The Song of the Australian Settler", it was one of several Australian songs written by Stephen Glover and lyricist Charles Jeffreys that were included in MR. H. Smith's Australian Entertainment. Also by them was The queen of the south and Farewell to England.


[Advertisement]: "[Concert] UNDER THE PATRONAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1855), 1

[Advertisement]: "AUSTRALIAN CADEAU", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1855), 8

"THE AUSTRALIAN CADEAU", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1855), 5


J. E. Carpenter (ed.), The book of modern songs (London; Routledge, 1858), 219

"Mr. H. SMITH'S AUSTRALIAN ENTERTAINMENT", in John Diprose (ed.), The red, white & blue monster song book (London: J. A. Berger, 1860), 106

GODDARD, Arabella (Madame Arabella GODDARD; Mrs. J. W. DAVISON)


Born France, 12 January 1836
Arrived (1) Melbourne, May 1873; departed Melbourne, October 1873 (for India)
Arrived (2) Townsville, 26 June 1874; departed Melbourne, 24 October 1874 (for New Zealand and Califonia)
Died France, 6 April 1922 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


At 6 a student of Kalbrenner, Goddard played for Chopin and Queen Victoria. Taught by Lucy Anderson and Thalberg, she made her London public debut under Balfe in 1850. She visited Australia twice during her 1873-74 world tour. In June 1874, sailing from Java to Queensland, her ship was wrecked and she shared a rescue boat with tightrope walker Charles Blondin. Among music she played in Australia was Jules de Sivrai's Grand Scotch fantasia and Grand Welsh fantasia, and Thalberg's Variations on Home, sweet home.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1860), 1

[News], The Argus (7 January 1873), 4

"MADAME ARABELLA GODDARD", The Argus (7 May 1873), 6

"ARABELLA GODDARD", Empire (5 August 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 October 1873), 8

[News], The Argus (8 January 1874), 5

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (17 June 1874), 1

"THE WRECK OF THE FLINTSHIRE", The Argus (24 June 1874), 5


SYDNEY, THURSDAY. Madame Arabella Goddard, after arranging for three concerts at the Victoria Theatre, advertised to-day her intention to proceed to Orange, but afterwards left her hotel suddenly about noon, leaving a most uncomplimentary letter reflecting on native talent, and stating her intention not to appear to-night. Her piano is in Mr. Bennett's possession, and her luggage was placed on board the Melbourne steamer Dandenong, by which steamer Madame Goddard, accompanied by Miss Christian, sailed in the afternoon for Melbourne. When the curtain rose at the Victoria Theatre to-night, Mr. Bennett read a letter from Madame Goddard, in which she states that letters had been sent to her, warning her that she would have an unfavourable reception, because native talent had not been engaged; Madame Goddard went on to say in her letter that she was not previously aware that the natives of Australia had any taste for music. The affair has created great indignation; and is the subject of general comment, not favourable to Madame Goddard or her advisers.

[News], The Argus (24 October 1874), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Arabella Teniswood, The 1870s Australian tours of Madame Arabella Goddard (Thesis, M.Mus.; University of Melbourne, 2001)

"Arabella Goddard", Wikipedia 

GOERGS, Karl Wilhelm

Songwriter, composer

Active Brighton, England, by 1866
Arrived NSW, 12 July 1873 (per La Hogue, from England)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 5 July 1886, aged 44 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In Brighton, England, in June 1866, Wilhelm Goergs, 28, a music teacher, was charged with feloniously sending to Bismark a letter threatening to murder him. A jury convicted him, but recommended mercy, and he served a comparatively light sentence of four months without hard labour.

One of his first acts on arrival in Sydney in mid 1873 was to publish the first edition of his "new national song" Advance Australia, composed on the voyage out, and noticed by the press for its "republican" tendencies. Shortly afterwards he was in Armidale, advertising: "PROFESSOR KARL WILHELM GOERGS, formerly of Stolberg College, Germany, and for the last nine years Professor of Modern Languages and Music in Brighton, England, will TEACH THE FRENCH AND GERMAN LANGUAGES, theoretically and conversationally, also, will give LESSONS in SINGING and PIANOFORTE PLAYING."

By 1879 Goerg's Echoes of Australia series consisted of 9 published songs and 5 piano pieces. According to a preface to no. 1 (the 1879 edition of Advance, Australia, young and fair!):

The author of "Echoes of Australia" arrived in the Colony 1873 and has since that time taken his subjects for musical and poetical composition principally from the scenes around him. It may seem somewhat presumptuous for a recently naturalized British Citizen to attempt writing poetry in a language which is not his mother tongue, yet the manifest approbation with which several of his works, written in English, were received by the press during his long professional career at Brighton, England, fully justifies his efforts to earn an honorable place in the literature of this Country.


"THREAT TO MURDER COUNT BISMARK", Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper (24 June 1866), 7

At the Brighton police-court on Wednesday, Wilhelm Georgs, a young man of twenty-eight, who has for some time resided at Brighton and practised as a teacher of music, was brought up on a warrant, charged with sending a threatening letter to Count von Bismarck, the Prussian prime minister, such letter threatening to kill the said Count Bismarck.

The first witness called was Adolphus Frederick Williamson, inspector in the detective department of the metropolitan police. He produced a letter, written in German, and an envelope, addressed to Count Bismarck at Berlin, and bearing the Brighton and Berlin postmarks. Witness said that on the previous day (Tuesday) he went in company with Mr. Raward, clerk to the Brighton police, to No. 3, Hampton-place, Brighton, where the prisoner resided. He saw prisoner, and asked him if his name was Goergs. Prisoner said it was. Witness then took the letter from the envelope, and asked prisoner if he had written a letter to Count Bismarck. Prisoner said he had. Witness then put the letter into prisoner's hand, and prisoner said it was his handwriting. Witness had received the letter from Sir Richard Mayne, chief of the metropolitan police. In cross-examination by Mr. Lamb, witness said Sir Richard Mayne was not in the court. He had not opened the letter, nor did he think Sir Richard Bayne had. Did not know Count Bismarck, or that there was such a person, except from seeing the count's name in the newspapers. There might be twenty Count Bismarcks for what he knew. Nothing had passed between him and prisoner about the envelope. He held the envelope in his hand when he showed prisoner the letter. Mr. Bigge said the date of the Brighton postmark on the letter was May 23, and of the Berlin postmark May 26. In answer to Mr. Scott, witness said the prisoner looked at the letter before he said it was in his handwriting. Frederick Naetubus, of No. 66, Bishopsgate-street Within, London, merchant, said he was a German, and well acquainted with the German and English languages. Had made a correct translation of the letter produced by Mr. Williamson, and which was:

Brighton, 3, Hampton-place, Whitsuntide, 1866. Sir,- Unfortunately you have escaped "this time." Take notice there are still patriots which are not afraid to put a stop to your miserable existence. My dear never forgotten friend, Ferdinand Blind, has taught me how not to miss you. You must expect now dagger and poison. I will not miss you. Take farewell from the world. Curses and shame are on your memory. Eternal hatred against all bearing the names Hohenzollern and Bismarck. I have sworn it I - Signed WILHELM GOERGS, late teacher and gymnast at Stolberg, near Aix-la-Chapelle."

Some of the prisoner's countrymen in court, who had obtained a view of the original letter, objected to the translation "I will not miss you," and witness admitted that the more literal translation would read "I do not miss you." Inspector Terry, of the Brighton policed apprehended prisoner on Wednesday at his residence in Hampton-place, Brighton. Witness asked prisoner if his name was Wilhelm Goerge, and he said it was. Witness read the warrant to prisoner, who made no reply. Witness cautioned prisoner that what he said might be used as evidence against him. Prisoner then asked if he should be tried in England or sent to Prussia. He said he did not mind if he was tried in England; he would rather be tried under English laws. Mr. Lamb addressed the court at considerable length, arguing that the case failed on technical grounds. He first submitted that there was no evidence of Count Bismarck's identity. Inspector Williamson knew Count Bismarck only by newspaper reports, and those could not be accepted as evidence. He further argued that as Count Bismarck was beyond the jurisdiction of English law, no offence had been committed. It was also not proved that the prisoner had sent the letter, and the sending was the gravamen of the offence. Prisoner admitted that he wrote the letter, but said nothing about the envelope, and that it might be that some one else had taken the letter off his table and sent it to Berlin. He submitted that the case failed in legal proof. The bench ruled against Mr. Lamb. They held that they had jurisdiction, and that the words of the statute applied to foreigners. After a short consultation, they decided to commit the prisoner for trial to the next borough quarter sessions. Mr. Lamb applied for bail; and the bench at first seemed disinclined to grant it. After consultation, however, they determined to take prisoner's own recognisance in 500l. and two sureties in 250l. each. Two gentlemen in court were accepted, and prisoner was liberated.

[News], Augsburger Tagblatt 5/8 (1866), 1520-21

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (10 January 1867), 4

DR. WILHELM GOERGS begs to announce that he continues to give Lessons on the Pianoforte, in Singing and Composition, and to attend Singing Classes in Schools and Families. - 3, Hampton Place, Brighton.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1873), 4

"SYDNEY SHIPPING", The Maitland Mercury (17 July 1873), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1873), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 August 1873), 1

"BEETHOVEN'S SONATA, OPUS 90. E MINOR", Illustrated Sydney News (19 September 1874), 19

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1875), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1886), 1

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1886), 7

Many persons will hear with regret of the death of Professor Goergs, of Riviere College, Woollahra, which took place at his residence on Monday night, the cause of death being inflammation of the lungs. Professor Goergs was very successful in passing pupils for the University examinations, and last year one of his pupils obtained the Fairfax Prize and four medals at the senior examination. The Professor was only 44 years of age, and was greatly respected by a large circle of friends.

Musical works: 


An introduction to the guitar (Sydney: J. A. Engel, [1874])

Homeward bound (Heimreise), Illustrated Sydney News (7 May 1875), 20

Australia's fatherland, Illustrated Sydney News (24 July 1875), 20 

The marriner's farewell, Illustrated Sydney News (21 August 1875), 20

I love him so (romance: English words by K.W. Goergs; music by Count Kotzchubey) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877]) 

Far away from Brittany, Illustrated Sydney News (7 September 1878), 20

Advance, Australia, young and fair! (Sydney: J. N. Fischer, [1879]) 

Many happy returns of the day (Sydney: J. N. Fischer, [1879]) 

Practical studies for the cultivation of the voice (Sydney: J. N. Fischer, [1880]) 

The Garden Palace march (A souvenir of Australia) (Sydney: W. Ezold, [1879]) 

The Garden Palace march (Sydney: J. N. Fischer, [1880]) 

The harp of the Southern Cross (Australia's message) (Sydney: [?],1885) 

GOING, Thomas

Teacher of music, organist, composer, tuner and repairer

Active Launceston, TAS, by February 1863


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (18 February 1863), 6

MR. THOMAS GOING, Musical Composer - Organist - Teacher of Music - Repairer and Tuner of Organs, Pianofortes, and Harmoniums, lately arrived in Launceston, is open to an engagement. Address Rev. F. Hales. Feb. 18.

"LAUNCESTON CHURCH UNION", Launceston Examiner (18 February 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 September 1865), 6  


Vocalist, actor, comic, songwriter (from the Glasgow Theatre)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by September 1849

GOLDING, Master/Mr. M. (brother of the above)

Vocalist, castanet and bones player


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 September 1849), 1 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 November 1849), 1 

The Cornwall Chronicle (23 April 1851), 252 

"Mr. D. Golding's Benefit", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 May 1851), 276 

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (29 July 1852), 3 

[Advertisement], The Age (25 November 1854), 1 

[Advertisement], The Age (8 January 1855), 1 

CONCERT ROOM, Union Bourke Street, Hotel ... Mr. Golding, the popular Irish comic singer ...

[Advertisement], The Star (22 September 1855), 1 

[News], The Star (13 September 1856), 2 

Our theatre is again opened under the management of Mr. White, pianist, who with Madame White, Madame Vitelli, Monsieur Vitelli and Mr. Golding, constitute the company. The concerts are not so well attended as they ought to be ... Of Mr Golding, our old established favorite, it is scarcely necessary to say, that he will keep up his reputation as one of the best comic singers in the colony.

"MONTEZUMA", The Star (20 November 1857), 3 

"BACK CREEK", The Star (16 July 1859), 2 

The Princess's Theatre was crowded to excess last night to give a bumper benefit to Mr J. Mungall ... Mr. Dan Golding appeared on this occasion in some of his capital Irish comic songs. The evening's amusement did not conclude till nearly one o'clock.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (31 March 1860), 2 

"THE CONCERT ROOMS", The McIvor Times and Rodney Advertiser (27 May 1864), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8 

GOLDRING, Lewis (Louis)


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1889, aged ? 72 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"HAWKERS AND PEDLARS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1853), 2

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (21 August 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1857), 7

GREAT EXHIBITION OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. Messrs. GOLDRING and CO. beg to call the attention of lovers of music to their most beautiful and choice selection of newly registered patent musical instruments of all kinds, just landed, ex Light of the Age, namely, soprano sax-horn, patent ophyclide, butterfly cornet complete, valve trumpets, French horns, tenor trombones, French clarionets, cornet flutes, piccolos, flutes, flageolets, post horns, long mail horns, banjos, Anglo-German concertinas, patent flutinas, organ accordeons with patent stops, French violins, guitars, tambourines, harmoniums and melodias of all kinds, patent polka flutinas; also, a great variety of all kinds of materials and tools suitable for he trade. ...GOLDRING and CO, 198, George-street, opposite the Empire Office.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1859), 8

"German Honors to Jews", Evening News (10 September 1885), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1889), 1

"OBITUARY. MR. W. H. GOLDRING", Townsville Daily Bulletin (4 March 1929), 7

GOLLMICK, William (Charles Frederick William; Carl Friedrich Wilhelm; Herr GOLLMICK; Herr William GOLLMICK)

Professor of Music, composer

Born Frankfurt Am Main, 11 July 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Active Castlemaine, VIC, by October 1855
Died Middle Park, Melbourne, VIC, 11 August 1907, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


William was the second son of the music critic Carl Gollmick, and younger brother of the London-based popular pianist, violinist and composer Adolph Gollmick (1825-1883) (originator of most of the Gollmick works advertised in Australia in the 1860s, including the Europa and Martha galops)

William was described as a "professor of music, Castlemaine" when declared insolvent in 1863. When Mr. W. Salomon of Bendigo "invented a new dance", the Cimelian, in 1867, Gollmick reportedly wrote the music. He was appointed conductor of the Sandhurst Musical Union in 1876. After signing his first Australian publication, Riflemen form (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1864), "C. F. W.", for his many later publications from the 1870s onward he used simply "William". The later popular Misses Alice and Lillie Gollmick were his daughters, and the baritone and song composer Ernest Gollmick was his son.


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (27 April 1861), 4

[Advertisement]: "CONCERT ...BRISBANE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 July 1861), 1 [probably not a work by C.F.W]

[Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1863), 8

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (13 September 1863), 6 

[Advertisement]: "NEW DANCE MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1863), 6

"THE CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN COMMON SCHOOL", Bendigo Advertiser (1 May 1866), 2

"MR. W. SALOMON", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1867), 5

"SANDHURST", The Argus (8 May 1876), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 August 1907), 1


Soprano vocalist

GOLLMICK, Ernest (William)

Baritone vocalist, composer

Son of C. F. W. Gollmick
Active from 1902
Died Brisbane, QLD, 6 October 1942

GOLLMICK, Lillie (Lily; Miss Lillie GOLMICK; Mrs. Max COHN)

Pianist, composer


"HERR GOLLMICK'S PUPIL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (12 December 1889), 2

... special mention must be made of the contributions by Miss Alice Gollmick (who for some time past has been studying in Melbourne under Madame Lucy Chambers), Miss Elsie O'Flaherty, Miss Lillie Gollmick, Miss Robie Smith, and Messrs. P. Macoboy, W. Tinkler, and A. Lehmann ...

"MISCELLANEOUS NEWS ITEMS", Bendigo Advertiser (25 March 1899), 5 

Miss Lily Gollmick, A.R.C.M.,the daughter of Herr Gollmick, of Melbourne, and formerly of Bendigo, who is now in Calcutta, has earned great praise from the local press for her brilliant and sympathetic playing. The "Englishman" pronounces her "a pianiste of a very high degree of excellence."

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 January 1943), 2

Musical works:

The day of victory (song; words by E. T. Shorley, music by Ernest Gollmick, 1918)

GOODALL, Richard Wright

Songwriter, singer, surveyor

Born 4 June 1807, baptised Walcot St. Swithin, Bath, England, 17th November 1807
Married Elisheba BAZLEY, Okehampton, England, 1827
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841; Maitland, by 1848
Died West Maitland, NSW, 2 February 1870, aged 62 ("63")


Goodall is credited with writing and/or singing the following songs: in February 1848 When you are out in the bush (Song - Mr. Goodall); and in August 1848: Life in the bush (song) [perhaps the same as the foregoing] and a Humorous song on the election (to the tune of "Scots whahae wi' Wallace bled")


[Notice], The London Gazette (22 January 1836), 139 

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 August 1841), 1

"SINGLETON. MR. DONALDSON'S VISIT", The Maitland Mercury (26 February 1848), 2


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (30 June 1849), 3

"THE DINNER", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 May 1861), 2 

"DEATH OF MR. R. W. GOODALL", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 February 1870), 2 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 February 1870), 1


Organist, musical larcenist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1868


[News], The Argus (18 November 1868), 5

A very singular case of forgery, or uttering, was perpetrated on Saturday night. A man called at the Monster Clothing Company's establishment in Bourke-street, and bought a small parcel of clothing, worth about £2 10s. He tendered in payment a cheque for £10 10s., in favour of Mr. Hughes, professor of music, drawn by a clergyman, in payment of salary for musical instruction ...

[News], The Argus (26 November 1868), 4

Edward Goodliffe, recently an organist at Brighton Church, was yesterday committed for trial from the City Court, upon no less than four distinct charges. It seems almost incredible that a man in his position should have deliberately sacrificed everything in life from a mere love of rascality, and yet it would appear that no other construction can be put upon his conduct. Had he designed a way of wrecking himself completely, he could not have acted more successfully, nor could he have placed his character in a more repulsive light. He was living with Mr. Hughes, professor of music, was accustomed to do certain business for him, and was treated with a confidence which few men would have betrayed. While so esteemed by Mr. Hughes, Goodliffe was robbing his friend secretly. Music which had been composed for special occasions and upon special subjects, he appropriated, and actually altered the inscription upon several pieces of M.S., so that, instead of "Composed by H. S. Hughes" it read, "Composed by E. Goodliffe." Other music was also stolen, valuable because not now to be obtained through the ordinary channels, and Mr. Hughes found it necessary to communicate with the police ...

"BOURKE GENERAL SESSIONS", The Argus (5 December 1868), 6


Contralto vocalist, oratorio singer

? Born UK, c. 1828
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854-60
? Died 17 December 1882, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Argus (27 June 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 July 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1855), 8

"THE ORATORIO", The Argus (17 April 1856), 5

"GEELONG", The Argus (17 May 1856), 4


[Advertisement], The Age (25 April 1857), 2

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 January 1860), 5

? "Deaths", The Argus (19 December 1882), 1


Music copyist, cornopean, flute, and harmonium teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, 1864


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1864), 1

MUSIC Copied and arranged; Cornopean, flute, and harmonium taught. W. GOODRICH, 205, Pitt-street.

GOOLD, Thomas Green (T. G. GOOLD; T. G. GOULD)

Conductor, organist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society; St. Andrew's, Brighton), accountant, auditor, importer, mining speculator, tanner

Born Wiltshire, England, 22 August 1822
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Departed Melbourne, VIC, October 1874 (per Durham, for England)
Died Herefordshire, England, 1900, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"IMPORTS", The Argus (20 September 1854), 4

"DIED", The Argus (13 February 1857), 4 

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 January 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (26 February 1862), 5

"THE BRIGHTON CHURCH AND ITS MINISTER", The Argus (19 March 1862), 7

"THE MUSICAL FESTIVAL. FIRST NIGHT", The Argus (8 October 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 October 1874), 3


This year [1874] also witnessed the resignation of Mr. T. G. Goold, who with a very short interruption, had been associated with the society from its commencement and had rendered invaluable services as an organist and conductor.

GORDON, Harriet

= Mrs. J. P. HYDES



Singer, Polish refugee, tobacconist

Born ? Poland, c.1810
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by October 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1835
Died London, England, 1840  (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Gordonovitch's Hobart concert received only a belated and hardly sympathetic notice when, three months later, the Colonial Times noted:

Mr. Gordonovitch, we see from the Sydney papers, is going to have a concert at Sydney. We wonder whether there are as many simpletons in Sydney, as there are in Hobart Town, and whether a crowded house will reward him, for the miseries he has suffered for his dear, dear country! oh dear!!

In advance, the Sydney Gazette was more supportive:

Mr. Gordonovitch is understood to be one of the Polish refugees, whose dread of the "miscreant" Nicholas of Russia compelled to expatriate themselves. At all events, he is a stranger, and that itself is a character which has ever ensured the sympathy and the patronage of Englishmen.

In the event, thanks to assistance from William Cavendish, Maria Taylor, Conrad Knowles and the choir of the Roman Catholic chapel (concerted items included a solo and double chorus by Purcell and the overture to Figaro), it was judged to be a great success by the Gazette. As to the beneficiary, in the first half "a cavatina by Mr. Gordonovitch, was tolerably well executed; but this gentleman does not appear to be a perfect master of the Italian language". In the second: "Mr. Gordonovitch's song "Yes I will leave my Father's Halls", was rapturously encored" (by Weber, see American edition: whereas in his "Up, comrades up, there was a dulness about the music that was not in unison with the words, although it was well executed."

According to the Monitor, the event was "not to be criticised like ordinary concerts; the public were derirous to attend this concert out of compliment to the Polish nation, to which brave and noble people, Mr Gordonovitch has the honour to belong." Gordonovicth, it found, had "a mellow voice, not devoid of strength, and he sings a very gentlemanly song . . . We hope the colony will support Mr. G because he is a Pole".

Gordonvitch also appeared at Maria Taylor's concert in March, and Thomas Stubbs's concert in April. Meanwhile he had commenced business running a Fancy Repository and as a tobacconist, first in King Street, and then from July in George Street. In his only later documented public appearance as a vocal soloist, at Vincent Wallace's Oratorio in September 1836, the Herald noted: "Mr. Gordonovitch has certainly improved since he last appeared before the Public."

In March 1837, his business was taken over by William Aldis, another musical amateur, but it wasn't until January 1839 that the Colonist reported that Gordonovitch, "a gentleman who yet lives in the affectionate remembrance of some of our mercantile friends", had arrived in Mauritius via Calcutta.

A year later still Duncan's Chronicle reported:

A Mr. Gordonovitch, who formerly kept a tobacconist shop in Sydney, and on his departure from hence, left some claims behind him to a considerable amount, which he forgot to discharge, is now in London, enlisting men for the service of the King of Oude, in whose army, Mr. G. holds a high rank.

Only a month later, in February 1840, news of his death in London reached Sydney:

Determined Suicide of a Polish Gentle man. - An inquest was held at the Exeter Coffee-house, Strand, on view of the body of Mr. George Gordonovitch, a Polish gentleman, aged thirty years, who shot himself by discharging two small pistols into his head on Sunday, morning last. From the evidence it appeared that the deceased had formerly held a situation under the King of Oude, but in the month of March last he arrived in England from Calcutta with a letter of introduction to Mr. Robert Buckland, East India army agent, residing at 26, Suffolk-street, Pall Mall, from his (Mr. Buckland's) partner, in consequence of which Mr. Buckland had supported deceased ever since, but had informed him that he should not do so much longer. It further appeared that Mr. Buckland met deceased in the Strand on Saturday, and lent him a sovereign, offering him more, which, however, he refused. The jury, after speaking in the highest terms of Mr. Buckland's conduct, who had advanced already £200, returned a verdict of "Temporary Insanity." - Champion.

In 1895, one J. B. M. recalled:

Another Pole was Count Gordonovitch, the noblest looking man I ever saw. He opened a cigar divan in King-street, but returned to London and shot himself on the pavement in Regent-street.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (24 October 1834), 3

"Mr. Gordonovitch's concert ...", The Hobart Town Courier (31 October 1834), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 January 1835), 1

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (13 January 1835), 6

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 January 1835), 2

"MR. GORDONOCITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor (24 January 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (7 March 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 March 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 April 1835), 3

"MR. STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 July 1835), 3

"ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (30 June 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Colonist (29 September 1836), 2-3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 March 1837), 3

"THE MAURITIUS", The Colonist (12 January 1839), 3

"ACCIDENTS, OFFENCES, &c", The Examiner [London] (20 October 1839)

George Gordonovitch, a Polish gentleman, aged thirty years, shot himself by discharging two small pistols into his head on Sunday morning. From the evidence it appeared that the deceased had formerly held a situation under the King of Oude ...

"News and Rumours of the Day", Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 1

"ENGLISH NEWS", The Australian (11 February 1840), 3

"Reminiscences. THE CAMDEN DISTRICT, FIFTY YEARS AGO", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 January 1895), 15


[Handbill] Gordonovitch's concert, Hobart 28 October 1834 [donated to SL-TAS by the descendents of Sophia Letitia Davis of Hobart]

[Handbill], Gordonovitch's concert, Pulteney Hotel, Sydney, 20 January 1835

Bibliography and resources:

Wanda Horky (with assistance from Monica & John Andrew), Materials in the National Library of Australia on Poles in Australia compiled on behalf of the Polish Historical Institute in Australia (2nd edition: 2002), 19-20

GORING-THOMAS, Rene (A. R.; Arthur Rhys)

Composer, music reviewer (Australian Magazine), author

Born Paris, France
Active Australia, by 1896
Departed Australia, 1904
Died England, 10 October 1914


"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1896), 9

"New Music", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 October 1896), 44

"THE WILLOW PATTERN PLATE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1898), 6

Musical works:

The daylight is dying (words by A. B. Paterson; music by Rene Goring-Thomas) (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, [1896]) 

Sleep (op. 84: a lullaby; words by J. Le Gay Brereton; music by Rene Goring-Thomas) (Sydney: Thomas Shine, [1896]) 

Bibliography and resources:

The strong heart: being the story of a lady by A. R. Goring-Thomas (London: John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1914)

GOUGE, Apollo Harrison

Flute-player, publican

Active Adelaide, SA, 1852-53


"MARRIED", South Australian Register (19 June 1852), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 August 1852), 4

STAR INN. FREE and EASY EVERY EVENING at half past 7. Sentimental and Comic Songs in abundance. Music - Pianoforte, Violin, Flute, &c. Come and judge for yourselves. A. H. GOUGE.

"ROBBERY", South Australian Register (15 January 1853), 3

Yesterday a man named William Adams was apprehended by Inspector Stuart, on the charge of unlawfully having in his possession a stolen German flute, the property of Mr. Gouge, of the Star Inn, Hindley street. No less a sum than £415 was found upon his person. He had also a revolving pistol, a life-preserver, and a hand- some Gold watch and appendages. The flute, which is identified by Mr. Gouge, was taken from off his piano on or about Christmas Day.

"POLICE COURT", Adelaide Morning Chronicle (17 January 1853), 3

"WIFE DESERTION", The South Australian Advertiser (5 December 1863), 3

GOUGE, George (junior)

Musician, music teacher

Born Kent, England, c. 1827; son of George GOUGE and Harriet SCOONES
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 September 1849 (per John Munn from England)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850-52

GOUGE, Harriet Elizabeth (sister of the above)

Musician, music teacher

Born Town Malling, Kent, England, 16 June 1833; son of George GOUGE and Harriet SCOONES
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 September 1849 (per John Munn from England)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850-52
Died Faversham, Kent, England, 16 March 1863


BOARDING and Day School, La Trobe Street, near Swanston Street, in the house at present occupied by the Rev. J. Forbes.
Mr. George Gouge, Jun. begs to inform the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity, that he intends opening the above establishment on Monday, January 14, 1850.
In thus presenting himself to the public, Mr. Gouge may be allowed to state that he was regularly articled to the profession, and has been covered with Testimonials as to his character and atttainments from persons of high standing in the scholastic world.
The course of instruction will comprise the usual English branches, the Classics, Mathematics, the French language and vocal and instrumental Music . . .
Extras . . . The piano or violin - 1. 1. 0
Great attention will be paid to the health and domestic comfort of the boarders by Mrs. Gouge, senr. . . . Mr. or Mrs. Gouge will be happy to give a few private lessons in Music.
Swanston Street, two doors below the Free Scotch Church.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1850), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION AMATEUR MUSIC CLASS . . . THE Members of the Class beg to announce their first Concert, (under the direction of Mr. Reed), for THIS EVENING, (THURSDAY) the 30th instant, to commence at 8 o'clock precisely. Vocal Performers: Mr. Young, Mr. Troy Knight, and other Amateur Members of the Class. INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Mr. Reed, Leader; Mr. Woodward, Mr. Gouge, Mr. Jenkins. Mr. Lord, Mr. Cole, Mr. Smith, Mr. Gleenwood, &c. and members of the Class . . .

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (8 March 1851), 1 

MONSTER CONCERT. In aid of the funds, for the relief of the Sufferers by the late Bush Fires.
MR. WILKIE has the honor to announce that the following distinguished artists have already promised their assistance for the occasion.
Mrs. Testar.
Mr. Kaerav.
Mr. Read.
Mr. Hemy.
Mr. Hore and Company.
Mr. Cooze.
Mr. Gouge.
Mr. Hue.
And many Amateurs. Mr. Wilkie hopes that all tbe profession will join for this benevolent purpose.
Music and Pianoforte Saloon, Collins Street, March 3rd, 1851.

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 8 

. . . P. DAVIS Has received instructions from Mr. George Gouge, who is on the eve of departure for Europe, to sell by public auction, at his residence in Gore-street, Collingwood . . . On THURSDAY, 16th INST., . . . THE whole of his superior Household Furniture, comprising . . . several musical instruments, a lot of choice music, music-stool, &c. Also, A brilliant-toned pianoforte . . .

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Examiner (6 December 1856), 2 

August 26, at St. George's, Hanover-square, Samuel George Johnson, of Faversham, Kent, solicitor, to Harriet Elizabeth, only daughter of George Gouge, Esq., of Wilton-place, Maidstone, and late of Collingwood, Melbourne.

[Adbvertisement], East Kent Gazette (3 November 1860), 1

MR. GEORGE GOUGE, JUN., BEOS to announce that he will open a CLASSICAL and GENERAL SCHOOL in SITTINGBOURNE, about the middle of January, 1861.


Actors, vocalists

Active Australia, 1856-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Actor, vocalist

Active South Australia, by December 1855; Ballarat, VIC, 1857-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1855), 1 

"PORT THEATRE", Adelaide Times (29 January 1856), 2 

"THE GARRICK CLUB BENEFIT TO-NIGHT", The Star (10 February 1858), 3 

The benefit to be given to Miss Anna Gould by the members of the Club, takes place this evening, at the Charlie Napier Theatre, and we trust the public will make it a bumper. As we have before stated, the play of the evening will be the "Honeymoon," the various male characters in which will be assumed by the members of the Club. Mrs. Heir, Mrs. Murray, and Mrs Greville have kindly volunteered to give their services in the principal female characters, and we doubt not the performance will be a most attractive one. Miss Gould will sing between the acts.


= T. G. GOOLD above


Musician, former bandmaster, organist, pianist, piano tuner

Active VIC, by 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (17 April 1856), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 May 1857), 3

"THE CONCERT ROOMS", The McIvor Times (27 May 1864), 2

The celebrated instrumentalist, Harry Goulston, at the Emen, performed musical feats on several instruments at the same time and in such a manner that he both pleased and astonished his limited audience. Mr. Goulston may be called the "Musical Multum in Parvo" he is a band in himself. It is worth walking a few miles to hear him play the "Last Rose of Summer" and his masterly rendering of some of the best operatic selections is truly wonderful; the clear tones of the cornet, the dexterous fingering of the piano, and the perfect time observed in beating the drum, together with the tinkling of the bells produces an effect in harmony which we hope our readers will hear for themselves, and thus save us the task of attempting a further description.

"VICTORIA", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 December 1866), 3

"THE CHURCH SCANDAL AT WANGARATTA", The Mercury (4 January 1867), 2

The Wangaratta correspondent of the Ovens Constitution writes as fallows on this painful subject: No action has yet been commenced against Mr. Booth, and an opinion seems to be growing up that the affair is blowing over. Mr. Booth has withdrawn his resignation, and has employed an organist at a salary of £30 a year; and the latest bait used to attract people to the church is the cry of "Oh, we're going to have such beautiful music at our church on Sunday. Mr. Goulstone is to play, and he does play so beautifully." You may be surprised at the expression " latest bait," but I can use no other.

"ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer and Commercial News (25 March 1874), 1s

Miss Adelaide Stoneham, and her brother, Mr. H. Stoneham, accompanied by Mr. Harry Goulstone, have arrived in Perth, and announce two farewell performances at the Mechanics' Hall on to-morrow and Friday evenings. It will be remembered that Mr. Goulstone visited this colony several years since in connection with Airey's Theatre Comique Company, when his performances secured the highest approbation of the public.

"THE BARLOW TROUPE", The Cornwall Chronicle (30 October 1874), 2

Professor Goulstone is a very clever pianist, and also performs the extraordinary feat of playing a duet on cornet and pianoforte ...

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (28 July 1877), 3

PROFESSOR GOULSTONE NO MORE !!! DURING my visit to Sydney, I found that there were TWO Goulstones practicing on my acknowledged name (London Exhibition, 1851.) Another Goulstone, in Victoria, during my absence from the Colonies; and also by a gentleman who left by Saturday's boat for Brisbane, that I am often advertised in that Colony. This is to inform my patrons that for the future I will assume my own name, viz : - MR. HARRY GOULSTONE WILLIAMS, Bandmaster, Admiral Lord Lyons, H.M.S. Royal Albert, during the last Russian war, and Pianist to the Dowager Countess Dunraven.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (15 March 1879), 2

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (5 April 1879), 2

THERE has been a rumour current through town for the past week that Mr. Goulstone Williams, formerly well known in Wagga Wagga musical circles, as the organist of St. John's Church, has met with a sad death in Sydney. It is stated that he was found dead in bed at the hotel he was staying at in Wynyard Square. The cause of his death is believed to have been serious apoplexy.


Pianist, organist

Active Portland, VIC, by 1857


GOVER, Henry Barman (Henry Barman GOVER; Mr. H. B. GOVER; Mr. GOVER)

Professor of music, violinist, double bass player, organist

Born Derby, England, 18 March 1823 (date on headstone); baptised All Saints, Derby, 23 April 1823, son of William BARMAN and Susanna
Married Ann WIDOWSON (1830-1905), ?
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Carlton, VIC, 25 February 1872, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Son of William Gover, professor of music of Derby, England, Gover was playing in a Melbourne theatre orchestra by 1855. In the 1860s he was teacher and promoter of violinist Henry Curtis and pianist Frederick Towers.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of All Saints, in the county of Derby, in the year 1823; register 1813-41, page 109 

April 23 / Henry Barman son of / William & Susanna / Gover / Musician / Derwent Street

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 July 1855), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL, Melbourne . . . Orchestra, Mr. B. Thom, Conductor; Herr Streninger, Leader; Messrs. King and Radford, First Violins; Messrs. Moore and King, 2nd [Violins]; Messrs. Thomas and Pring, Tenors; Mr. Gover, Double bass . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8

MRS. THOM to the undersigned Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne . . . sincere thanks for the handsome testimonials . . . [Mr.] H. B. Gover . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1856), 3 

TEA MEETING and MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT will be held in St. John's Schoolroom on Tuesday Evening, Juno 10th. The Rich Worshipful the Mayor will preside. Addresses will be delivered by clergymen and others. The music will be under the management of Mr. H. Johnson, bandmaster of the 40th regiment, and Mr. H. Gover, the organist . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8

The Victoria Post Office Directory (1866), 65

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (9 March 1869), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 January 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 June 1871), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 November 1872), 4



Active Adelaide, SA, 1850


"FORESTERS", Adelaide Times (10 April 1850), 3 

The Ancient Order of Foresters held their Anniversary Ball at the Freemasons', Tavern, on Monday evening last. The assemby was highly respectable, and numbered about sixty or seventy couples. Dancing was kept up during the evening with great spirit, and no inconvenience was suffered from heat, the room being capacious enough to accommodate all present comfortably. One gentleman in full Highland costume varied the amusements by cleverly dancing the Highland Fling to the celebrattd tune of Tullochgorum, played on the violin by Mr Graham. With the exception of this amateur's playing, the music was wretched, and kept the most expert dancers continually at their wits' ends to keep time to the humdrum discord of the "Band" . . .


Contralto vocalist, actor

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853; Bendigo, Ballarat, VIC, 1855-62


"THURSDAY CONCERT", The Argus (21 July 1853), 5 

Under the direction of Signor Maffei, the above entertainment again claims the support of the public this evening, when, judging from the programme, a good concert may be expected. We observe two or three new names, with the reappearance of that of Miss Graham, who is rather a pleasing singer. Again we can point to the moon, and reckon on a full house, especially with the attraction of three ladies.

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", Mount Alexander Mail (17 August 1855), 3

... Some disappointment was caused by the announcement that Miss Octavia Hamilton was unable to sing from indisposition, but Miss Graham came forward to supply her place and was very well received. This lady sang several of those popular songs which have acquired a sort of domestic interest with all Englishmen, and which though simple, old-fashioned, and hackneyed, have become standard melodies from their genuine expression of feeling and their musical excellence. The songs included "Annie Laurie," "Kate Kearney," "I'm sitting by the style, Mary," "Where the bee sucks," "The bonnets of bonny Dundee," "There's nae luck about the house," "Home, sweet home," &c., &c. Miss Graham did full justice to these favourite airs and was several times encored ...

[Advertisement], The Star (15 July 1862), 3 

GREAT BRITAIN CONCERT HALL. GREAT ATTRACTION! TO-NIGHT. MISS GRAHAM, the admired Contralto, having returned from England, will sing some of the newest novelties of the day, in conjunction with MR. J. W. BLACK, the celebrated Scotch, Irish, and English characteristic comic singer, and Mr. HARRY GOULSTONE, the renowned instrumentalist, who will perform nightly on the cornet-a-piston and pianoforte together ...

GRAHAM, Henry (1)

Musician, violinist, violin maker and repairer (founder Euphonic Orchestral Association)

Died Glebe, NSW, 16 August 1909, aged 85


[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1873), 2

[EXHIBITION; Liberal Arts], Australian Town and Country Journal (29 April 1876), 7

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 July 1876), 13

"A MUSICIAN'S SUICIDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1909), 8

"A MUSICIAN'S SUICIDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1909), 10

... The late Henry Graham arrived in New South Wales from England in the early days, and ultimately settled at the Euphonic Academy, 80 Stanley street, Sydney where he practised his profession until within a few years ago. Mr Graham was a musician of no mean order, and many of the present leading violinists of Sydney have passed through his hands. As a violin maker and repairer he was noted receiving special awards of merit at Sydney exhibitions, and was in touch with celebrated violinists who from time to time visited New South Wales. Remenyi paid him a great tribute while here. Mr Graham also at one time held position under the Government as shorthand instructor. His wife predeceased him about 20 years ago, having no family.

"SHORTHAND WRITING In the Public Service", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1931), 17

GRAHAM, Henry (2) (NUTT)


Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857
Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 October 1874, aged 58


"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (24 July 1857), 5

A Mr. Henry Graham, of Melbourne, who described himself as a "gentleman" ... Witness was a musician, and played last at the Black Bull, but had now retired on his property.

"Deaths", The Argus (9 October 1874), 1

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (10 October 1874), 12

GRAINGER, John Henry

Founder of the Adelaide String Quartet Club (father of Percy Grainger)

Born Durham, England, 1855
Died Kew, VIC, 13 April 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)


"MUSIC IN ADELAIDE. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (29 May 1885), 7

Bibliography and resources:

"Grainger, John Henry (1855-1917)", Obituaries Australia

GRAINGER, Rose (NLA persistent identifier)

GRAINGER, Percy (NLA persistent identifier)

GRANT, John (alias "Timon")

Convict, poet, song writer, ? composer, amateur violinist

Born England, 17 May 1776
Arrived Sydney, NSW, May 1804 (convict per Coromandel, from England 5 December 1803)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1811 (per Spring Grove, for London)

See summary of documentation at:


Squatter, poet, songwriter, translator of Indigenous song

Born Scotland
Arrived Australia, 1841
Died Narracoorte, SA, 17 October 1898, aged 84


"ORIGINAL POETRY. PRATKAIE. THE SPIRIT OF NIGHT", Geelong Advertiser (15 June 1855), 4

"ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIAN", Geelong Advertiser (31 October 1855), 2

"ORIGINAL POETRY. THE LUBRA", Portland Guardian (20 April 1857), 3

"AUSTRALIAN MINSTRELSY", Portland Guardian (2 February 1859), 2

"Black-Eyed Zitella Sat Weeping Alone (Words by James Grassie. Set to Music by David Stanhope, Melbourne)", in George Thomas Lloyd, Thirty-three years in Tasmania and Victoria (London: Houlston and Wright, 1862), 463

"SONG. THE BANKS OF WANNON WATER", Portland Guardian (28 September 1857), 3

"ZITELLA", Border Watch (20 May 1874), 4

"SONG OF THE SWAG", Border Watch (16 August 1876), 4

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES GRASSIE", The Advertiser (21 October 1898), 5

GRAU, John George

Professor of music, government interpreter

Died Toowoomba, QLD, December 1868


"GERMAN INTERPRETER", The Darling Downs Gazette (28 July 1864), 3

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette (22 April 1865), 2

"TOOWOOMBA", The Queenslander (2 January 1869), 7

On Sunday morning last Mr. Grau, for a long time the German interpreter at the Toowoomba Police Court, and a professor of music, was found dead on the floor in one of the rooms of Mr. Flori's public-house.


Soprano vocalist, actor

Born 1869/70
Died Leichhardt, NSW, 3 March 1920, aged 50


Flora Graupner, as Princess Iris in Djin-Djin (music by Bert Royle and Leon Caron; J. C. Williamson Christmas pantomime 1895-96)


"THEATRE ROYAL. QUEEN'S EVIDENCE", The Argus (17 February 1879), 6

"MELBOURNE THEATRES", South Bourke and Mornington Journal (12 May 1880), 3

[H.M.S. Pinafore] ... Miss Flora Graupner's representation of Josephine, the Captain's daughter, must be looked upon as one of the finest pieces of amateur acting we have had the pleasure of witnessing.

"OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1889), 6

"Moustique" [Henri Kowalski; Marcus Clarke] continues to be well received, thanks in no small measure to its able interpretation by all concerned. Miss Flora Graupner, in particular, is entitled to high praise for her singing and the freshness of her acting in the title role.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1920), 6

"DEATH OF FLORA GRAUPNER", Evening News (4 March 1920), 1

"STAGE GOSSIP. PLAYS AND PLAYERS", The Argus (13 March 1920), 8


Amateur vocalist (secretary of the Sacred Harmonic Society), ironmonger

? Born Basingstoke, England, 30 November 1814
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 October 1839 (free per Melrose, from London, 17 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 31 October 1852, aged 37/38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The birth of an Arthur Gravely, at Basingstoke, on 30 April 1814, to Thomas Scott Gravely and his wife Ann, was registered by the Quaker Monthly Meeting of Alton.

Gravely was a founding member of the Sydney Sacred Harmonic Society and, along with George Yarnton, a proponent of "SINGING FOR THE MILLION" through People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody. His professional musical associates in the latter during 1851 included a Mr. Stevens and W. Swain. He was a close friend of Lancelot Threlkeld.


"Shipping Intelligence", Australasian Chronicle (4 October 1839), 4

"MARRIED", The Australian (11 July 1842), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1850), 1s

"SINGING FOR THE MILLION", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1851), 5

The object of the People's Singing Class is the improvement of Congregational Psalmody by imparting such a knowledge of the elements of singing, in the improved system of Mainzer, Hullah, and others, as shall enable the people to join in the praises of the Sanctuary in an effective and proper manner. The motive for inviting the public to be present on this occasion is not for display, but to give the Christian citizens of Sydney an opportunity of judging for themselves of the merits of the system of teaching pursued, and to induce them to respond to the disinterested and liberal views of the Committee (whose aim from the first has been to reduce the charges to the lowest sufficient amount, and thus render the advantages available to the masses,) by joining in hundreds the new class it is intended to form; the peculiarity in the popular system of teaching being that hundreds can be taught more effectually than tens, and thousands better than hundreds - classes of upwards of 3000 being common in England. The difficulties that the Committee have had to contend with in the production of their exercises, &c., have been great in consequence of there being no music type available in the colony. They have, however, with the aid of the lithographer, succeeded, and have placed thirty pages of exercises in the hands of the pupils, and have just issued the first number of a tune book arranged for four voices ... ARTHUR GRAVELY.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

"DIED", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 November 1852), 3

Bibliography and resources:

A funeral sermon, on occasion of the death of Mr. Arthur Gravely, with the service at the grave, by Rev. Dr. Ross (Sydney: [s.n.], 1852) 

A copy of L. E. Threlkeld's A key to the structure of the Aboriginal language (Sydney, 1850), now in the State Library of Victoria, had a handwritten dedication on fly-leaf "To our dear Sarah and Arthur Gravely with kindest regards from The Author, Sydney, January 1st 1851" 

GRAVES, Charles Alfred

Amateur musician

Born Kangaroo Point, Hobart, TAS, 28 August 1856
Died ?, 17 June 1934

Summary (First Families):

While in Hobart Charles became a very keen rower and musician. He played the violin and "flutina", an instrument similar to a piano accordion. He became great friends with the Roland-Skemps, a well known Tasmanian family, who shared his love of music.


"DEATHS", Examiner (18 June 1934), 1

Bibliography and resources:

GRAVES, John Woodcock

Songwriter, lithographer, artist

Born Cumberland, England, ? 1786/1795
Died Ringarooma, TAS, 17 August 1886 (NLA persistent identifier)


There is a photograph of his son, John Woodcock Graves, the younger (1829-1886), with Truganinni (Hobart: Allport Library and Museum of Fine Arts


"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (10 April 1871), 2

The following is from the Orchestra, published in London, 16th December, 1870:- Mr. Sidney Gilpin, the editor of "Songs and Ballads of Cumberland" states in a communication to the Field, apropos of a discussion, that the hunting song, known by the name of "D' ye ken John Peel" was written by John Woodcock Graves, of Hobart Town, Tasmania, who is still hearty and hale, though bordering on fourscore years. Mr. Graves left England - as his brief autobiography shows - soon after he had written the song, and settled in Tasmania nearly forty years since. The verses, in the meantime, being handed about from one person to another, orally or in manuscript, became extremely popular, first among the Cumberland hills where they had their birthplace, and ultimately throughout the hunting circles of the country at large.

"DEATH OF A CENTENARIAN", The Mercury (18 August 1886), 2

There died yesterday at his place of residence, in Liverpool-street, John Woodcock Graves, an old colonist, who was verging on his hundredth year. He came to Tasmania, in June, 1833, as providore of the emigrant ship Strathfield, and after a short sojourn in Sydney returned to Tasmania where he settled down for the remainder of his days. Only three of his fellow passengers now remain alive, Mrs. Ellis, Mrs. Watkins, and Mr. Wiggins. Two of his sons have made their mark in the colony. John Woodcook Graves, the eminent barrister, now deceased, who during his lifetime took a great interest in all connected with Tasmania, and Joseph Graves, who owns large timber mills at Southport, and was the mainstay of his father in his old age. One of his daughters is Mrs. Hubbard, who resides in Melbourne, and takes a great interest in charitable institutions. The name of John Woodcock Graves will go down to posterity as the author of the well-known hunting song "John Peel." He was a native of Cumberland, England, and the song with its rattling chorus was descriptive of the fox hunting for which the border counties on each side of the Tweed are famous. There a hunt dinner - of which there are many in the season - is regarded as incomplete without the well known refrain of "D'ye ken John Peel" as the flowing bowl passes round, and the welkin rings again and again with the hearty chorus. Some years ago the huntsmen of his native country testified their appreciation of the author of their favourite song by sending him a present, The song was a favourite of the deceased, and those who have heard him sing it, acknowledge that he did so with all the warmth of a Cumbrian. Mr. Graves died of those ailments which surrounded old age, and was attended in his last hours by the Rev. Mr. Finnis.

"Deaths", The Argus (20 August 1886), 1

"JOHN PEEL. CAREER OF JOHN WOODCOCK GRAVES", The Examiner (23 February 1935), 12

Bibliography and resources:

A. W. Campbell, "Graves, John Woodcock (1795-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

"John Woodcock Graves", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 

Susan Margaret Allan, Folk song in Cumbria: a distinctive regional repertoire? (Ph.D thesis, University of Lancaster, 2016), 2-8, 99, 126, 166 

GRAY, Elizabeth Anne ("Bessie") (Mrs. Robert GRAHAM)

Songwriter, amateur vocalist

GRAY, Maria Catherine (Mrs. James LEITH HAY; LEITH-HAY)

Songwriter, amateur vocalist, whistler

See main entry on Maria and Bessie Gray and The Stockman's Last Bed (1846) 

GREBET, Adolphe


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1859


"MISSING FRIENDS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1856), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (18 February 1860), 3


[Letter] "To the Editor", Bathurst Free Press (6 June 1860), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (1 September 1860), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1872), 7

"GRAFTON POLICE COURT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (16 July 1872), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 November 1876), 2

"GRAFTON", The Maitland Mercury (31 January 1880), 15s


Amateur pianist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


At a Waterloo anniversary dinner hosted by her father, publican of "The Cricketer's Arms" in Pitt-street and himself a Waterloo veteran (Coldstream guards), it was reported: "the bust of the hero of Waterloo was received with the well-known air, "See the conquering hero comes", played by Miss Green upon the pianoforte."


"ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO", The Sydney Monitor (20 June 1838), 2

GREEN, Emanuel Charles (Emanuel Charles GREEN; Monsieur E. C. GREEN; GREENE)

Dancing master, professor of dancing and music, professor of French and fencing, convict, publican

Born ? Bordeaux, France, c. 1796 (? 1794)
Arrived VDL (TAS), July 1829 (per Lady Harewood, from London, 26 March)
Married Charlotte Bolger, Green Ponds, VDL (TAS), 27 October 1831
Active Hobart Town and Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1832-37
Active Sydney, NSW, from 1838
Died Edward River, VIC, 4 November 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"POLICE. BOW-STREET [22 October]", Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser (23 October 1828), 3

Emanuel Charles Green, the man colour, whose name was coupled with the fraud committed upon Mr. Thompson, the army-accoutrement maker, of Long Acre, having been apprehended in the City yesterday morning, was subsequently brought before Mr. Minshull, at this Office. Mr. Thompson again described the manner which he had been defrauded out of his bedheads, and repeated the representations, as to the prisoner being a West India Merchant, and unable to speak English. Mr. Minshull asked the prisoner if he wished to say any thing explanation - The prisoner expressed his entire readiness to afford all the information in his power upon the subject. He utterly denied all participation in the nefarious schemes of Davison, and the others, and said that he had been inveigled into the business, but had never benefitted one farthing by the practice.

Mr. Minsbull: What are you, young man? - The prisoner said he was a native of France, and had been educated in a Military College. He held a Cornet's Commission in the Chasseurs au Cheval during the time of Napoleon Buonaparte, and was the battles of Leipsic and Waterloo.

Mr. Minshull: When did you enter the army? - Prisoner said in 1813; while on the Continent he became acquainted with the broker E-, and a person named C-. On his arrival in England these persons behaved very kind to him, and often had him to dine with them. By them he was introduced to the prisoner Davison and others. Davison mentioned that he wanted purchase some beds to pack lace in which he wanted to smuggle to France, and asked him to go with him to the prosecutor's, which accordingly did.

Mr. Minshull: Could you speak English then? - Prisoner. Yes, Sir as well as I do do now ...

POLICE OF LONDON", The Spectator (25 October 1828), 6 

"POLICE. BOW-STREET [27 October]", London Evening Standard (28 October 1828), 4

Norson Davison, alias Davis, the foreign Jew, and Emanuel Charles Green, the Creole, remanded upon a charge of having conspired to defraud Mr. Thompson, of Long-acre, out of the price of four patent travelling beds, were yesterday brought up for further examination. The prisoner Green, on being placed in the dock, seemed unable to support himself. The cause of his weakness was explained by the gaoler, who stated, that the unfortunate man had attempted to cut his throat in Tothill-fields prison. While the gaoler attended at the prison to convey Green and the other prisoners to this office, he and his companions were placed in a kind of waiting-room. In a fit of temporary desperation, he snatched up a razor, and inflicted a severe wound on his throat, which extended almost from ear to ear. The surgeon of the prison sewed up the wound, and he and Davison were thereupon conveyed to this office in a coach Mrs Glindon, wife to the gentleman in whose house Green had lodged, confirmed the evidence formerly given. Mr. Wm. Fraser stated that he was a tailor. Green called at his shop on the 5th of October. He said he wanted clothes to the amount of between 20l. and 25l. and gave the address of Messrs. Davison and Co. No. 70 Mark-lane, to whom he referred. Witness called in Mark-lane on the following morning, and learned from the prisoner Davison, that he was well acquainted with Green, who, he said, was in the habit of trading from this country to France; that he would shortly be in possession of a considerable sum of money, and therefore that he might be trusted to any amount. Davison added, that if Green desired it, he would undertake to pay the debt after Christmas. The magistrate committed the prisoners to take their trial at the next Westminster Sessions. During the above examination, Green was indulged with a seat; and it required the utmost vigilance of the gaoler to prevent him from tearing open the wound in his throat.

Convict records; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1396729;,180,160,F,60,244,23,F,60 

[Tickets of leave], The Independent (8 October 1831), 1 supplement 

Marriages solemnized in the district of Green Ponds, in the year 1831; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:819547; RGD36/1/2 no 1763 

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (16 November 1832), 1

Emanuel Charles Green, of dancing celebrity, danced attendance here to answer for assaulting Mr. Rolt, and teasing his goat - both these scientific characters had been pursuing their studies at Doctor Ross's. The dancing master accused the scholar of having said something to his prejudice; and as words increased, the dancing master enraged, gave the scholar the lie direct. He showed fight, and by a parry-thrust from his antagonist's umbrella, received a blow - his coat also suffered. This case, like many others, afforded much sport to the hearers. Mr. Green danced to the tune of £l for damage and various other costs.

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (27 January 1835), 8

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (28 April 1835), 8

[Certificates of Freedom], The Hobart Town Courier (30 October 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (5 August 1837), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (14 September 1838), 3

FENCING AND DANCING. MONSIEUR. E. L. GREENE, Member of L'Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, and formerly of the 3eme Chasseurs, has the honor to announce to the Inhabitants of Sydney and its Vicinity that his Academy for teaching the above accomplishments will be opened on MONDAY, the 17 Inst. ... MR. GREEN having but recently arrived from Van Dieman's Land where he followed his profession for six years with considerable success, has brought with him the highest recommendation, aid can give the most unexceptionable references to Gentlemen of Sydney, whose patronage he is desirous to merit and enjoy. Terms and other particulars can be obtained from Mr. G. or his family, on application at his Academy, Elizabeth-street.

"DANCING", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1839), 2

DANCING. We beg to refer parents who may wish to have their children taught this elegant accomplishment, or the science of fencing, to Monsieur Greene's advertisement, which appears in another column. Mr. Greene is said to be an accomplished dancer, and his having been for upwards of ten years a Lieutenant in one of Napoleon's regiments of Chasseurs is a guarantee that he is an able fencer.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (1 February 1839), 2 

We understand that the lamented death of Mr. Cavendish has been the occasion of the introduction to many respectable families of M. E. C. Greene, in his profession of dancing master, and that his abilities and manners give general satisfaction. M. Greene brought to Van Diemen's Land testimonials from officers in the French army, in which, as was the case with most of the French youth, he served a number of years. From Van Diemen's Land, he brought to Sydney satisfactory documents as to his conduct and professional services there, and which, though acceptable in Hobart Town, were not, owing to competition, sufficiently extensive to warrant his remaining, especially as the superior prosperity and population of Sydney promised him a higher remuneration.

[Insolvency advertisement], The Sydney Herald (6 December 1841), 3

? "A NOVEL REQUEST", Geelong Advertiser (27 November 1849), 2


Violinist, artist

Born c. 1843
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1868
Died Albert Park, VIC, 23 December 1906, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1869), 4

"Marriages", Empire (31 December 1869), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1879), 2

"DEATHS", The Age (26 December 1906), 1 


Professor of Dancing

Active Willunga, SA, 1847


[News], South Australian Register (21 July 1847), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (7 August 1847), 3

We have no doubt that Mr. Greenleaves, as the regularly retained Professor of Dancing for the Willunga district, will acquit himself with his accustomed skill and propriety. The invitations for tenders to the extent of twelve dozen pairs of dancing slippers shall be laid before certain approved friends of ours in that line. The spacious room fitted up for the use of Mr. Greenleaves' pupils on Monday and Thursday nights we have duly noted.


Instrumental performer, cornopean player

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850-51


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 March 1851), 3


Music master, choirmaster, organist, music teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854, 1861; Melbourne, by 1869
Died West Melbourne, VIC, 10 July 1896 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SOUTH AUSTRALIA. ARRIVAL OF THE BISHOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1854), 5

... members of the choirs of Trinity and Christ Churches performed the choral parts of the Service, conducted by J. W. Daniels, Mr. Greenwood, the organist of Christ Church, presiding at the harmonium. The service was commenced by the singing of an anthem, taken from the 52nd chapter of Isaiah, verse I, "Awake, put on thy strength, O Zion." The Very Rev. the Dean then read the Litany, after which the Te Deum (Jackson) was sung.

"WESLEYAN BAZAAR", South Australian Register (9 October 1856), 2

"ALL SAINTS CHURCH, HINDMARSH", South Australian Register (26 August 1858), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 March 1861), 1

LECTURE on Congregational Psalmody, by Mr. S. Greenwood, Organist of St Peter's College Chapel. There will be a Series of MUSICAL PIECES.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 September 1861), 1

NOTICE is hereby given, that by Indenture hearing date the thirteenth day of August, 1861, made between SAMUEL GREENWOOD, of Adelaide, in the Province of South Australia, Music Teacher, of the first part, GEORGE ROBERT DEBNEY, of Adelaide aforesaid, Upholsterer, and SAMUEL WRIGHT, of Adelaide aforesaid, Merchant, of the second part, and the several other persons who have subscribed their names and affixed their seals in the first schedule thereto, being respectively Creditors of the said Samuel Greenwood ...

[News], The Argus (25 June 1863), 5


... It was followed by some musical performances, also by the children, who under their teacher, Mr. S. Greenwood (late choir-master at St. John's Church Melbourne), have made astonishing progress in a very few months. It may here be mentioned, as it was omitted in the report, that Mr. Greenwood, who is engaged to teach during two hours twice a week only, generously devotes to his blind pupils two whole days per week. On this occasion the children were a little nervous, but their performances evinced the soundness of their education. Some of the more advanced pupils played very respectably on the piano.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (6 March 1869), 4

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND SYNOD. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1879) 3

[News], The Argus (1 February 1895), 7

We are informed by Mr. Samuel Greenwood, organist and choirmaster of St. John's Church, that Arthur Ernest Nickson, the successful candidate for the Clarke Scholarship, was his pupil for years and only recently took lessons from Mr. Ernest Wood.

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 July 1896), 1


Teacher of A. E. H. Nickson

GREEVES, William


Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1860


"Funeral Notices", The Argus (31 July 1860), 8

The Friends of the late WILLIAM GREEVES, musician, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the St. Kilda Cemetery. The funeral to move from his late residence, Chapel-street, Prahran, opposite the Prince Albert Hotel, at half-past 3 o'clock this day.


Bass vocalist, composer

Born London, England, 20 August 1826; baptised St. James, Westminster, 11 September 1826, son of William Henry GREGG and Ann CLYDE
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 6 October 1852 (per Cossipore, from London, 1 August)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 January 1862 (per Iconium, for San Francisco)
Died California, USA, by 6 January 1873, aged 46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


John Gregg was the son of William Henry Gregg, a goldbeater, and his wife, Ann.

He became a pupil of Josef Staudigl in London in 1844/45, and travelled with his teacher to Vienna, where, in September 1845, he sang in a serenade given to his Staudigl in which Strauss's band also participated. Teacher and pupil having both returned to London, Gregg made his English concert debut in May 1847. He made his stage debut at Drury Lane as the Prefect in an English adaptation of Donizetti's Linda di Chamounix in January 1848, conducted by Hector Berlioz, and continued to appear in several other roles through the end of season benefits in February. In October 1848 he was in the company at the Princess's Theatre, appearing in Lucia de Lammermoor, in which Julia Harland made her debut as the heroine.

In November 1850 he appeared in the first English production of The last crusade (Die Treuen Brüder), an opera by the blind composer Alendander Mitchell, presented by a company of amateurs at the New English Opera House in Soho. According to the titlepage of the libretto, he also published "the music of the opera . . . for the composer. Having been one of the leading organisers of the production, in March 1851 he was found personally liable for payments still owing to a theatre machinst. In June 1851 he was declared bankrupt.

He sailed from London for Melbourne in August 1852, aged 25, and spent close to ten years in Australia. He composed at least one song for a Scottish Festival in Sydney in 1853, Will o' the Wisp ("composed expressly for the occasion").

Gregg left Australia early in 1862 for California in company with the tenor Eugenio Bianchi and his wife. Having continued to appear in concert and opera until 1872, he died near San Francisco at New Year 1873, aged 46


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of SAINT JAMES, WESTMINSTER . . . in the Year 1826; register 1825-27, page 161 

September 11 / John / [son of] William Henry & Ann / Gregg / [born] Aug. 20 . . .

"HERR STAUDIGL", The Musical World 20 (9 October 1845), 491

The following particulars, which have been communicated to a friend of the great basso, will be read with interest by his numerous admirers, and will show how much he is reverenced and beloved by his brother artists, and the public of his native town (Vienna.) On the day of his arrival there, from his late visit to England, a grand serenade will be given him before his house, the street will be guarded by police, and a grand fête held. There is to be a chorus with quartets - a young Englishman (Mr. John Gregg) studying, being entrusted with a solo part; the celebrated Strauss, with the whole of his band, about one hundred; and a chorus of from fifty to sixty persons. Staudigl is to know nothing of this; a friend will engage him to his favourite game, chess, while all is prepared; it will take place at ten o'clock at night. The street will be illuminated; and there will be an assemblage of about one thousand persons. It will be the first serenade given to any singer at Vienna. After the serenade a grand supper, at which all the principal singers will be present in full dress. - (Sunday Times.)

[News], The morning post [London] (29 December 1846), 6

The first entire English Concert given at Vienna took place on the 23rd of December, for the benefit of our young countryman, William Streathern. The programme consisted of Mendelssohn's overture to Fingal; a harp concerto, performed magnificently by Parish Alvars; a fantasia for the flute, by R. Pratten; "Rage thou angry storm," from The Gipsey's Warning, sung by John Gregg", a pupil of Staudigl; and a fantasia di bravura for the harp from themes by Ricci, by the concert-giver, the pupil of Parish Alvars. The room was crowded; there were more than one hundred and fifty artists present; amongst whom were Meyerbeer, Lord and Lady Ponsonby, Prince Esterhazy, and all the English families of distinction at present at Vienna.

[Advertisement], The Musical World 22 (1 May 1847), 291

The Queen's Concert Rooms, Hanover Square. HERR WILHELM KUHE (Pianist to his S. H. the Prince of Hohenzollern-Heningen) Respectfully announces, that he will give a GRAND MATINEE MUSICALE, At the above Rooms, FRIDAY, MAY 7th, 1847, To commence at Two o'clock precisely. Vocal Performers: Madame JENNY LUTZER (first Soprano to the Court of the Empress of Austria); Madame KNISPEL; Miss DOLBY: Madlle. VALERIE DE RUPPLIN; Miss PYNE; Miss L. PYNE (just arrived from Paris.) Signor MARRAS; Herr HOELZEL (from the Imperial Opera, Vienna); Signor GALLY; Mr. JOHN GREGG, Pupil of Herr Staudigl (his first appearance in London); and Mr. JOHN PARRY . . .

"HERR KUHE'S CONCERT", The musical world (22 May 1847), 335 

"DRURY LANE", The athenaeum (15 January 1848), 66 

An English translation of Donizetti's "Linda" introduced three artists new to our stage, on Wednesday last . . . Mr. Gregg is already known to our concert-goers as a pupil of Herr Staudigl who has caught not a few of his master's "ways" - being possessed of a fair proportion of "means" akin to those of the redoubtable German. But his rich and robust voice stands in need of being refined, - and the art of the stage has to be learnt by him. The time cannot be far distant when some education in gesture, behaviour, and all matters relating to the mechanism of stage-presentment, will form part of the education of our vocalists. It is the want of this, and only this, which makes them as executants less satisfactory than the operatic artists of France and Germany . . .

[Advertisement], Morning Post (22 February 1848), 4

THEATRE ROYAL, DRURY LANE. - GRAND OPERA. M. Jullien's Benefit . . . Wednesday, Feb. 23 . . . The performances will commence with Mozart's Opera, in four acts, entitled THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO. Principal characters by Miss Birch, Mrs. J. Lea, Miss Miran, Mr. Weiss, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Santiago, Mr. Galli, and Mr. Whitworth. To be followed by the last act of Balfe's Opera, THE MAID OF HONOUR . . . Also the malediction and last act of Donizetti's Opera, THE BRIDE OF LAMMERMOOR. Principal characters by Miss Messent, Mr. Reeves, Mr. Whitworth, and Mr. Gregg . . . The operas will be conducted by M. Hector Berlioz . . .

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", London Evening Standard (5 October 1848), 3

The opera of Lucia di Lammermcor was played at this theatre last night, for the purpose of introducing a Misa Julia Harland, a pupil of Mr. Allen, as the heroine. The performance was far from being satisfactory . . . Mr. Allen was the Edgardo, and sang with his customary taste and sensibility; and the other parts were filled by Mr. Weiss and Mr. Gregg.


[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal [Dublin, Ireland] (16 June 1849), 1

ROTUNDO ROYAL GARDENS. OPEN FOR THE SEASON. GRAND WATERLOO FETE. MONDAY EVENING, June 18th . . . for the purpose of introducing the following celebrated Vocalists in A GRAND CONCERT D'ETE. Miss Julia Bleaden, Miss Theresa Brooke, Mr. E. J. Hime, and Mr. John Gregg, only pupil of Herr Staudigl. Musical Conductor, Mr. Hime . . .

"NEW ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE", The morning advertiser [London] (6 November 1850), 3

An effort was made last evening at this establishment, which is situated in Dean-street, Soho . . . the management selected for the opening night an opera, entitled The Last Crusade, the production of Mr. Alex. Mitchell, the Blind Composer, which has never been performed this country, but which it appears had been received with unequivocal marks of approbation at the Ducal Theatre, Brunswick. Two brothers Heinrich (Mr. Durand) and Rodolph (Mr. Bridge Frodsham), are in love with Armgard, heiress of Steinburg (Mrs. Alexander Newton). The lady is also beloved by Count Hugo Elbegast (Mr. John Gregg) . . .


This was an action brought in the Islington County Court, to recover the sum of £11 6s. 2 1/2d., for preparine and fixing the machinery for a grand opera, entitled The Last Crusade, a production of Mr. Alexander Mitchell, the blind composer, and which, if the authority of the bill is to be relied upon, was a genuine triumph, repeated encores and nightly calls before the curtain testifying the delight and admiration of the British public for the work which Germany had recognised as a chef d'oeuvre! Mr. Herring, this plaintiff's attorney, stated that in September last the defendant, Mr. John Gregg, engaged the Soho Theatre for the purpose of producing a series of English operas, and it was no doubt expected that so laudable an object would meet with a share of that public patronage which is so lavishly bestowed upon foreign fury, frippery, and discord. A committee was formed, and meetings were held in the green-room of the theatre and at Mr. Gregg's private residence. Mr. Gregg not only presided at these meetings, but took a prominent part in the arrangements, and a leading character in the opera. His name originally appeared in the bills as plain Mr. Gregg, but was afterwards altered by his express desire to that of Mr. John Gregg, after the manner of Mr. Charles Keen and Mr. Gustavus V. Brooke, the tragedians. (Laughter.) It was to Mr. John Gregg the plaintiff offered his services as machinist, and it was by Mr. John Gregg's directions that the plaintiff was so employed. He (Mr. Herring) was therefore at a loss to conceive upon what principle the defendant intended to resist the payment of a claim so just as that whicls the plaintiff now sought to recover . . . [Witness] Was not awareuthat the company is whet is called a commonwealth . . . With the exception of Mr. Gilbert (who played the character of Count Dietrich) and Mrs. Alexander Newton (Armagard, an orphan heiress of Steinberg), the whole of the artistes were amateurs. (Laughter.) . . . His Honour was of opinion that there was abundant evidence to show that the defendaint had rendered himself personally liable . . . The claim, with full costs, was ordered to be paid forthwith.

England census, 30 March 1851; Middlesex, St. George, Bloomsbury; UK Archives, HO 107/1507 

9 Southampton Row / William Henry Gregg / Head / 57 / Gold Beater / . . .
Ann [Gregg] / Wife / 52 / . . .
John [Gregg] / Son / 24 / Professor of Music & Vocalist / [Born] Middlesex St. James
Isabella S. [Gregg] / Dau. / 22 / . . .
Selina M. [Gregg] / Dau. / 20 / . . .

"COURT OF RELIEF FOR INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London gazette (6 June 1851), 1515 

The following PERSONS, who, on their several Petitions filed in the Court, have obtained Interim Orders for protection from process, are required to appear in Court as hereinafter mentioned, at the Court-House, in Portugal-street, Lincoln's-Inn, as follows, to be examined and dealt with according to the Statute: . . . John Gregg, formerly of No. 37, Poland-street, Oxford-street, Vocalist, then of No. 4, Waverley-place, Saint John's-wood, Vocalist, afterwards of No. 9, Southampton-row, Bloomsbury, Teacher of Singing, Music-seller and Dealer in Musical Instruments, and now of No. 9, Southampton-row, Bloomsbury aforesaid, all in Middlesex, out of business or employ . . .

"COURT OF BANKRUPTCY. July 19", Morning Advertiser (21 July 1851), 7

IN THE MATTER OF JOHN GREGG. This insolvent, a vocalist, was opposed by Mr. Sargood on the part of carpenter named Carr, and supported by Mr. Nichols. The insolvent had been a member of an operatic company at the Soho theatre. He was to have salary of 5l., but the speculation did not answer. The opposing creditor was a carpenter employed at the establishment, and he sued the insolvent at one of the County Courts, and obtained a verdict against him as one of the committee. The insolvent denied his liability, but as the verdict was against him, and there were other claims against him which he did not owe, he had determined to petition under the Protection Act. An inquiry of some duration took place respecting a number of pianofortes, which the insolvent said belonged to his father. The case was eventually adjourned to amend the schedule.

Australia (6 October 1852 to 11 January 1862)

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

MR. CHARLES WILKIE'S GRAND CONCERT, will take place on Friday next, October 15th, at the Mechanics' Institution . . . He will be assisted by Mrs Testar, and the following eminent performers will make their first appearance in Victoria:- Mr. John Gregg, the celebrated basso, from the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, Drury Lane, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

"WHAT MAY HAPPEN TO A NEW ARRIVAL IN SYDNEY. To the Editor", Empire (31 May 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1853), 1

"M. WINTERBOTTOM'S CONCERT", The Courier (3 November 1853), 2

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Courier (26 November 1853), 3

"BENDIGO. THEATRICALS", The Argus (18 August 1854), 5

"OPERA", Empire (1 January 1862), 4

"CLEARANCES. JANUARY 11", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1862), 4

Iconium, ship, 549 tons, Captain Heustis, for San Francisco. Passengers - Mr. J. O. Gorman, Signor and Signora Bianchi. Signor Grossi, Messrs. Herman, Marriotti, Emmerson, J. Gregg, and 15 in the steerage.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1862), 4

En route to, and in California (1862-73)

"From the Sandwich Islands", Daily Alta California (5 May 1862), 1 

On Saturday and Monday nights, April 5th and 7th, Signora Bianchi, Messrs. Grossi and Gregg gave two more performances at the Hawaiian Theatre, fully attended by a numerous and delighted audience.

"PASSENGERS", Daily Alta California (6 May 1862), 4 

SYDNEY - Per Iconium - Signor and Signora Bianchi, Miss Hermann, Mr. John Gregg, Signor E, Grossi, Mr. Saml. C. Bradshaw 3d, and nine others.

"MR. JOHN GREGG AT SAN FRANCISCO", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (30 August 1862), 2

. . . There is no very marked change in Signor Bianchi. Wo see the old sturdy and rather fussy figure, we hear the same beautiful voice that was familiar two years ago. Signora Bianchi is as stout as ever - perhaps a little stouter; she has the old "gushing" style of doing things, and takes the eyes, if not the ears, by storm. Her voice seems at times somewhat fatigued, and lacked freshness. There is little of the sympathetic character about her singing; but opera-goers will no doubt soon get used to her tones and take delight in them. Mr. John Gregg made his first appearance as the Count di Luna, and, oddly enough, sang his part in English. This was rather ridiculous, it must be confessed, but then Mr. Gregg made his English so happily unintelligible that he must have succeeded in deceiving many into the notion that he was singing nearly as choice Tuscan as the best of them . . .

"Mortality Report", Sacramento Daily Union (13 January 1873), 2 

... there were brought to the city for interment the following: Jan. 6 - John Gregg, aged 46 years, England ...

Many thanks: To Kurt Ganzl (2017) for biographical information.


Violin owner

Active Upper Woolshed, VIC, 1857


"POLICE COURT. WOOLSHED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 August 1857), 2

James Tulloch and George Robinson were brought up in custody of Sergeant G. Du Vernet, charged with stealing two violins of the value of £? from the dwelling house of Robert Gregson, Bridge Inn, Upper Woolshed.


Vocalist, Shakespearian reader, ballad singer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1854 (per Madras, from Calcutta) Departed Sydney, NSW, July 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MRS. GREIG'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1854), 5 

-Mrs. Greig's grand dramatic, vocal, and instrumental entertainment took place yesterday evening, at the Royal Polytechnic Institution, before a large and highly respectable audience. The songs and pieces of music selected for the occasion were from the best and most popular authors, and were given in a manner which elicited a very marked appreciation on the part of the audience. The dramatic part of the entertainment was confined to the delivery by Mrs. Greig, of nearly the whole of the Lady of Lyons - one of the most difficult and most beautiful plays in the whole range of the drama. We must do her the justice to say that her conception of the various characters was admirable, and although she may have been deficient in the more masculine parts, yet her rendering of Pauline, both in point of correct pronunciation and genuine elocution, was exceedingly pleasing. As a vocalist she ranks far above mediocrity; her voice, although not remarkable for compass, is clear, musical, and sweet, and evidently well cultivated. As an artiste, whether in the vocal or dramatic walks she bids fair to become a favourite, and we have no doubt she will reap a "golden" reward. Mr. Spagnoletti's vocal powers are also of a high order, his voice is rich and susceptible of the nicest modulation; whilst his manner of singing intimates an accurate acquaintance with the science of music. The performances of Misses [sic] Packer and Emanuel on the pianoforte contributed greatly to enhance the entertainment, which on the whole was well given and deservedly applauded. The time occupied, however, was rather too long; and, in future, we would suggest a considerable limitation.

"DRAMATIC AND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1854), 4 

On Thursday evening, Mrs. Greig gave her second [sic] dramatic and musical entertainment (assisted in the musical department by Messrs. Packer, Spagnoletti, and Emanuel). His Excellency the Governor-General and suite, his Honor Mr. Justice Therry and family, the Colonial Treasurer and family, and a large party of other of the leading families of Sydney, honoured the saloon with their presence. The readings of Mrs. Greig were from the chief scenes of Shakspere's Macbeth, and whether as regards the conception of the characters of the ambitious Thane and his reckless wife, or the execution with which these most difficult portraitures were displayed, Mrs. Greig must justly claim high rank in histrionic art. She was warmly applauded throughout, and it is to be hoped for the sake of those who admire classical readings, that the series will be continued. This description of entertainments although so extremely popular in England (where at the Athenaeums and other literary institutions of all the large towns it has long formed a favourite feature in the programmes of their sessions), is new to Sydney; but from the marked approval which has attended its introduction here by Mrs. Greig, we have little doubt that it has taken firm root. The readings were relieved by vocal and instrumental music by the artists already named.

Bibliography and resources:

"Mrs Greig", ESAT 

She appears to have been a successful performer in Australia and the other colonies in the early 1850s. She visited Cape Town on her way to England in 1851, and again, on her way to Australia and/or India in 1853. While in the Cape she gave powerful and successful Dramatic and Musical Entertainments in the Commercial Rooms on both visits. Her 1851 programme included excerpts from Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth and The Lady of Lyons, and she was assisted by Mr. Hall; while the 1853 programme offered "singing and Shakespearean readings".

GRENNO, Giovanni


Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto; Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa [sic, cassa]. Herr Ellerner will preside at the piano . . .


Comic vocalist, songwriter, actor

Arrived Australia, ? 1852
Died Carlton, VIC, 29 April 1894


"CRESWICK CREEK", Geelong Advertiser (5 January 1855), 5

"CRESWICK CREEK", The Argus (8 March 1855), 6

"FORTY YEARS ON THE AUSTRALIAN STAGE", Star (9 September 1891), 2

"MR. J. R. GREVILLE. DEATH OF THE FAMOUS COMEDIAN", The Argus (30 April 1894), 6

GREY, George

Recorder and translator of Indigenous songs and chants, colonial governor

Born Lisbon, Portugal, 14 April 1812
Active Western Australia, by December 1837
Died London, 19 September 1898 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

"Grey, Sir George (1812-1898)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"GREY, George", Encyclopedia of New Zealand

GRIFFIN, Benjamin Pitt (Mr. B. P. GRIFFIN)

Songwriter, amateur vocalist

Born UK, c.1784/85
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1835
Active Maitland, NSW, by 1843
Died West Maitland, NSW, 17 June 1863, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Benjamin Pitt Griffin, the elder, was a bank clerk and later in the Colonial Treasury. He was elected secretary of the School of Arts in Sydney in April 1841 and served until early 1843, whereafter he was active in Maitland. In the Maitland concerts in September 1843 he introduced his Billy Barlow in Australia ("an original song, written by a Gentleman of Maitland"). In March that year, at an Election Dinner in Maitland, he had reportedly been "called upon to sing the new song of "The King of the Cannibal Islands", which he did amidst great applause", and, suggesting he had probably fitted out the borrowed tune and format with locally topical words, at another dinner in May "Mr. GRIFFIN was requested to sing his original electioneering song, which he did with much point and effect, and was highly applauded." Yet again at a dinner in March 1844, "The list of toasts having been gone through, a song was called for from Mr. Griffin, who sang "Billy Barlow" in good style, introducing two or three verses appropriate to the occasion."

At the Royal Albert Theatre in Singleton on Boxing Day 1846, "After the tragedy [Venice Preserv'd], Mr. Williams sung Mr. Griffin's excellent song of "Barney O' Keefe", in his usual comic style, and was loudly encored." This was probably the recently written song published in the Mercury in January 1845, MR. O'KEEFE'S ADVENTURES IN AUSTRALIA. Air. "Larry O'Gaff". At an theatrical entertainment in Singleton in February 1845, it was reported that both "Barney O'Keefe, a song by a Maitland gentleman now in Sydney, was highly applauded", and "Billy Barlow at Singleton, detailing the disasters of the real Hunter River Billy, was encored, but not again sung, owing to its length."

Griffin's daughter Caroline had married the Maitland book- and music-seller William Lipscombe in 1838. A son, Benjamin Pitt Griffin junior (1809-1881), went to the United States, where in 1851 he reportedly committed a robbery onboard a river steamer.


[Advertisement], The Colonist (12 March 1835), 8 

"MARRIAGES", The Colonist (24 September 1835), 7

"Marriage", The Sydney Monitor (14 November 1838), 2

"ELECTION DINNER", The Maitland Mercury (4 March 1843), 4

"DINNER OF MR. SCOTT'S FRIENDS AT NEWCASTLE", The Maitland Mercury (20 May 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 September 1843), 2s

"DINNER TO R. WINDEYER, ESQ., M.C.", The Maitland Mercury (23 March 1844), 2

"MR. O'KEEFE'S ADVENTURES IN AUSTRALIA. Air. Larry O'Gaff", The Maitland Mercury (4 January 1845), 4

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (1 March 1845), 2

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (2 January 1847), 2

"The Lynch Case And Mr. Griffin. To the Editor", Daily Alta California (23 October 1851)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1863), 1

"AN ORIGINAL SONG", The Maitland Mercury (24 December 1892), 5s

"AMATEUR THEATRICALS [Maitland]", Sydney Chronicle (23 May 1848), 2

"AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Maitland Mercury (16 December 1848), 2

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 June 1863), 1 


Singer, vocalist, convict

Born c. Christmas 1789 (to convict Ann Griffin, on board the Lady Juliana)
Enlisted NSW Corps, 1798, aged 8
(? possibly in band of the NSW Corps)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1812-14, until 1819

Bibliography and resources:

Flynn 1993, The second fleet, 304

In 1812-14 a George Griffin received payments for performing sacred music at St. Philip's, Sydney (ML MSS); SG 24 April 1819 notes a George Griffin leaving the colony on the brig Alert.


Professor of Music, musician

Born Liverpool, England, c.1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? by mid 1854
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 31 December 1878, aged 54


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 March 1855), 6

MR. G. GRIFFITH, Professor of Music (late of Mr. Wilkie's Music Saloon, Melbourne), teacher of the Piano forte, Harp, Violin, &c. Musical Instruments of all descriptions repaired. Quadrille Parties and Balls attended on the shortest notice. All communications to be addressed to Mr. G., office of this paper.

"THE TYROLESE MINSTRELS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 June 1857), 2

"WOOLSHED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 October 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1858), 3

"Indigo Police Court", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 February 1859), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 July 1859), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 July 1863), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Family photograph kindly supplied by Lenore Frost, an experienced local historian, who is continuing to trace her great-great-grandfather Griffith's history; see



Active Parramatta, NSW, 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1855), 1 

PARRAMAMATTA. - PROGRAMME of Mrs. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, which by the kind permission of the Rev. the Head Master, will be given in the Dining-hall of the King's School,
on MONDAY EVENING, July 23rd, 1855.
PART I. Overture - (Zauberflote) - Pianoforte duet - Mozart, Miss Griffiths and Mr. Packer . . .

GRIFFITHS, John Gordon

Actor, theatre manager, librettist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1843
Died Manly, NSW, 4 March 1857 (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)

GRIFFITHS, Fanny (Mrs. McGOWAN; Mrs. Robert McGOWAN)

Theatrical dancer, actor

Born ? UK, c. 1830
Married Robert B. G. McGOWAN (d. 1864), NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

GRIFFITHS, Emily (Mrs. KING; Mrs. William KING)

Theatrical dancer, actor

Born ? UK, c. 1835
Married William KING, NSW, 1852


"THEATRICALS", The Australian (16 January 1843), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1843), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1843), 3

"WEEKLY LIST OF INSOLVENTS", The Australian (23 September 1843), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1852), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1852), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1852), 2

Perhaps the only exception from the general failure which attended the awkward attempt at general holiday-making on Monday last, was the performance of a Cantata by the corps vocale of the Royal Victoria Theatre, the words and music in honour of the occasion, written by Mr. Griffiths, manager; and composed by Mr. Gibbs, director of the music at this establishment. This cantata is a composition in four parts, which were severally rendered by Mesdames Sara Flower and Carandini, and Messrs. F. and J. Howson. It is peculiarly a dramatic composition, written in a dashing allegro style, and does great credit to Mr. Gibbs, whose acknowledged tact in making available all the artistical resources at his command, was fully displayed on this occasion. The solo parts were effectively relieved and sustained by a chorus of twenty voices; and an enthusiastic encore from a house crowded to the ceiling made a warm response, not only to the musical arrangement, but to the main sentiment which the music illustrated; namely, the succession of "an age of gold", to "an age of iron". A theatre is not legitimately, the arena for the expression of political opinions; but the manner in which this allusion to the "transportation question" was received on Monday evening by a house crowded with persons of the most varied opinions on almost all other questions, must have satisfied Earl Grey, had his Lordship formed one of the audience who, con amore, joined in the chorus, "Advance Australia", that the repulsive question which he, it appears, desires still to re-open, is for ever settled, in so far as New South Wales is concerned. It was only out of consideration for the vocalists that a second encore was restrained.

"OBITUARY. THE LATE MR. JOHN GORDON GRIFFITHS", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 March 1857), 2

...The deceased gentleman arrived in this colony in the early part of 1842 [recte 1843], having been engaged in England by Mr. Joseph Wyatt, the then enterprising proprietor of the Royal Victoria. Mr. Griffiths arrived in this colony with the prestige of having attained considerable success in the mother country ... Mr. Griffiths retired from the Victoria at the time Mr. Wyatt sold that establishment ...On Thursday afternoon, the mortal remains of Mr. Griffiths were conveyed to their final resting place, the Camperdown Cemetery, accompanied by a numerous train of sorrowing friends, comprising principally the members of the theatrical profession. The pall bearers on the melancholy occasion were Mr. G. V. Brooke, Mr. W. H. Stephens, Mr. Frank Howson, Mr. G. Rogers, Mr. A. Torning, Mr. James Crosby, Mr. John Gibbes [Gibbs] and Mr. John Howson, and thus has the silent grave closed over the remains of John Gordon Griffiths, whose epitaph will shortly be seen not far from the tomb of the eminent Bochsa ....  

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1859), 10

GRIFFITHS, Mr. (Joseph)

Vocalist, violinist

Active Adelaide, SA, March 1849; Sydney, NSW, April-May 1850


Mr. Griffiths, a violinist and vocalist, gave a concert in Adelaide in March 1849 but then disappears from the record there. However, a baritone vocalist Mr. Griffiths was newly arrived in Melbourne in April 1849. A repertoire duplication (Wallace's Hear me gentle Maritana) suggests he was perhaps the Joseph Griffiths, a "pupil of Crevelli's" [Crivelli], who sang in Sydney, appearing with Sara Flower (her debut), for Stephen and Henry Marsh in May 1850. He then left immediately for San Francisco. However, it is possible that he was the same Joseph Griffiths as below, in which case he must have returned to Britain before coming back to Melbourne.


[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 1

"LOCAL NEWS. MR. GRIFIFTHS'S Concert", South Australian (16 March 1849), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1859), 6

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1860), 2


Professor of Music, violinist, orchestral leader

Born ?, baptised Bilston, Staffordshire, 9 July 1820 (son of Samuel Griffiths and wife Joice)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 December 1852 (per Covenanter, from Liverpool)
Died Richmond, VIC, 10 August 1901, aged 81 years (TROVE public user tag)

GRIFFITHS, Catherine Mary (Miss GRIFFITHS, R.A.M.)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 1853


He is perhaps the same Griffiths, violinist and vocalist, above. On sure ground, with John Russell, Joseph Griffiths was a founding member of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in September 1853, and was, as he later advertised, "Leader of the Philharmonic Band". By 1856, having "now devoted the whole of his attention to the Musical Profession", he advertised as a teacher of "Violin, Pianoforte, Singing, &c.". He was later a prominent in business and served as Mayor of Richmond. Under his tutelage, his pianist daughter became a student at the Royal Academy of Music in London in the 1870s.

The following information was kindly supplied by Gary Kent (September 2014) who is researching Griffiths's activities as a book collector (he was also an art collector). Griffiths appears in the 1841 UK census, not in 1851 (consistent with him being abroad at the time), he married Mary Smith in England on 24 June 1852, and he again appears in the 1871 UK census (he and his family were back in the UK from 1868 to 1874). Catherine Mary, his eldest daughter, was 17 at the 1871 April census.


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 June 1856), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1857), 8

"AN AUSTRALIAN PIANISTE", The Brisbane Courier (27 August 1874), 3

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 December 1878), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 August 1901), 1

Bibliography and resources:


Bass vocalist, actor

Born Liverpool, England, 1808
Married Isle of Man, 1833
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1838
Died New York, USA, 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Family historians, Donald and Ian Wilkey, have thoroughly researched the life and career of Griffiths's daughter, Annie Griffiths Yeamans (1835-1912), who in Australia and the United States became a famous circus performer and clown. In March 2016, Ian kindly shared some details about William Griffiths with me, allowing me to update my entry on an actor-singer I had previously only identified as "Mr Griffiths". Griffiths, a wood-carver by trade, arrived in Sydney with his family from the Isle of Man, in 1838.

He made his first advertised public appearance in the colony at George Peck's Sydney farewell concert on 2 October 1839, singing in ensemble with the creme of Sydney's vocalists, and again at the first anniversary of the Cecilian Society on 11 December 1839. He later appeared in concerts for Maria Prout and Isaac Nathan in 1841, and, despite being described at first as "an amateur", also regularly acted and sang at the theatre, where, from 1843, care was taken in billing that he (henceforth "W. Griffiths") not be confused with the actor-manager J. G. Griffiths ("Mr. Griffiths").

Notably, he sang in two locally-composed operas, Isaac Nathan's Don John of Austria (as the Secretary) in May 1847, and John Howson's The corsair in 1848, as well as in Bishop's arrangement of Mozart's The marriage of Figaro (as Geronimo) in June 1847. He was still associated with the Royal Victoria Theatre as late as June 1860, when his name appears along with those of Frank Howson, Charles Eigenschenck and others as signatories in an advertisement paying tribute to the manager Samuel Colville.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 August 1839), 3 

WANTED, A RESPECTABLE YOUTH as an Apprentice to the Wood Carving business. Apply to William Griffiths, Wood Carver, west-side Castlereagh, street south, between Bathurst and Liverpool-streets. N.B.- A Premium required.

[Advertising], The Sydney Herald (2 October 1839), 2 

. . . Glee - Five Voices - "Blow, gentle gales", accompaniments full orchestra, H. R. Bishop - Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs.Clarke, Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Worgan, and Mr. Griffiths . . . Comic Glee, Finale to the first act of Guy Mannering - "The fox jumped over the parson's gate" - Bishop - Mrs Clarke, Mrs. Bushelle, Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Worgan, & Mr. Griffiths.

[News], The Australian (10 December 1839), 2 

The anniversary of the Cecilian Society takes place to-morrow evening. The Directors have been fortunate in obtaining the services of Miss Fernandez, Mrs. Curtis, Mrs. Clancy, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Griffiths, and many other first-rate musicians and vocalists. Colonel Wodehouse has in the most handsome manner proffered the services of the principal players in the band of H. M. 50th regiment on the occasion.

[Advertisement], The Australian (23 March 1841), 3

"CONCERT. To the Editor", The Australian (31 May 1841), 2

"THE CECILIAN SOCIETY", The Australian (18 September 1841), 2

"Mr. Nathan's Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 October 1841), 2

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 August 1842), 3

The beautiful song of the "Sailor's Grave" was very well sung by Mr. Griffiths, and elicited great applause. Mr. Griffiths being an amateur, had not, of course, the confidence on the stage which a professional naturally has, but still he gave great promise of being a first-rate singer, with a little practice.

"MUSICAL", The Australian (2 September 1842), 2

"The trumpet shall sound", would, we have no doubt, have been sung well by Mr. Griffiths, had it not been completely marred by the horn accompaniments, which seem fated never to be played in tune.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1843), 3 

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1847), 2 

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (12 June 1847), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. MR. NESBITT'S BENEFIT, On Monday Evening, June 14th, 1847 . . . THE FESTIVAL OF APOLLO; OR, A CONVIVIAL PARTY OF FRIENDS ENTERTAINED BY MR. NESBITT . . . Introductory Address by Mr. NESBITT. Toast - "The Queen" - Song - "The Queen God bless her," Mr. F. HOWSON. Toast - "Australia! The Land we live in." Song - "Australia the wide and the free," Mr. W. GRIFFITHS. Toast- "The Ladies" - Song- "Let the Toast be dear Woman," Mr. J. HOWSON. Toast- "England, Scotland, and Ireland." Song - "The Land of my Birth," Mr. F. HOWSON. Toast - " Mr. Nesbitt, Prosperity to the Drama in Australia" - Glee - Messrs. F. and J. HOWSON and W. GRIFFITHS. Toast - "Happiness and prosperity to the Patrons of the Drama. The kind friends before us" . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (26 June 1847), 2 

"THE DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (23 December 1848), 2 

The great novelty of the season, the Opera of the "Corsair," was produced on Monday night at the Victoria, for the benefit of Mr. J. Howson . . . The opening chorus in the key of G, is a bold and spirited composition; the principal solo parts were well sung by Mrs. Rogers and Mr. W. Griffiths . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1860), 1 

[Advertisement], Empire (22 July 1861), 1 

WILLIAM GRIFFITHS, Wood Carver, REMOVED from Newtown, to the rear of Belevedere Cottage, Bourke-street, near Woolloomooloo-street, Woolloomooloo.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1865), 1 

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (27 March 1912), 3 

The mail has brought us notice of the death of Mrs. Annie Yeamans, the grand old woman of the American stage. Though the later years of her life, the greater half, were spent on the American continent, as an actress she belonged to Australia, she having made her first appearance on the stage in this country. This grand old woman - she was recognised as such all over America - was born in the Isle of Man 70 years ago, the dauchtcr of Mr. William Griffiths, a Welsh singer, and his Manx wife. Her parents came to Sydney three-quarters of a century ago, when Annie was but twelve months old, and her father had an engagement in a stock company which opened at the old Victoria Theatre, in Pitt-street. For several years the family moved about Australian towns, not many then, the father appearing at the several theatres. When Annie was ten years old, which would be about 1847, she was given a child's part in an old-fashioned play called "The Farmer's Daughter." She took lessons in ballet dancing, possibly from Jeronymo Carandini, who was then teaching dancing at 158 King-street (1847). At the time of the gold fever, the first fifties, the Griffiths family was in Melbourne, where Annie got an engagement with an American circus . . .

GRIGG, Thomas

Musician, pianist, organist

Born England, 1858
Arrived Adelaide, SA, c.1880
Died SA, 1944 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"OVERTURE BY CARL LINGER. Work To Be Produced By Mr. Thomas Grigg, By H. BREWSTER JONES", The Advertiser (22 November 1935), 24

"Death Of Mr. Thomas Grigg", The Advertiser (11 January 1944), 3 

GRIMANI, Antonio (James GRIMANI, Antonio GRIMANI)

Pianist ("from the Milan Opera House"), musician (White Swan), violinist

Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1856
Died near Woods' Point, VIC, ? June 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (27 December 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1857), 1

"Government Notices", Otago Daily Times (3 April 1862), 6

Information is requested respecting Antonio Grimani, formerly of Stawell, Victoria, who left Lyttleton, Province of Canterbury, in November last, for Dunedin. A letter of importance awaits him art the Office of the Commissioner of Police, Dunedin.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (16 January 1863), 1

"MR. HALL'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Mercury (20 January 1863), 2

"FELONY", The Mercury (4 November 1863), 2

"HOBART TOWN AND THE SOUTH. POLICE OFFICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 November 1863) 3

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (18 April 1864), 2 

From the Police Gazette, we find that information, is requested of Antonio Grimani, a Neapolitan musician, who, under the name of James Grimani, married Bridget Burns, at Castlemaine, on 28th April, 1856.

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 June 1864), 4

GRINDROD, Frederick Halliwell

Music student, pianist

Born Lancashire, England, 1877
Arrived Australia, 1882
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 February 1896, aged 18


"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1896), 1 

"LOCAL AND GENERAL ITEMS", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (27 February 1896), 2 

Master Frederick Halliwell Grindrod, who so much delighted an audience at Jamberoo a short time ago with his brilliant playing on the piano, died in Sydney on Friday last. He was only 18 years of age, and had a most brilliant prospect before him.

Bibliography and resources:

Frederick Halliwell Grindrod papers, 1877-1896, SL-NSW, MLMSS 118 


Pupil of Samuel Chudleigh


Bugler, bugle player

? Born Hobart, TAS, 23 June 1853
Active Hobart, TAS, 1864


? Births in the district of Hobart, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:957616; RGD33/1/4/ no 2452$init=RGD33-1-4-p578j2k 

Grimshaw [Samuel] ... 23 June 1853; son of William Grimshaw, labourer, and Ann Crowley ...

"THE QUEEN'S ASYLUM. DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES", The Mercury (19 December 1864), 2

... Shortly after the general body of the children had taken their allotted places the recently organised band of the establishment entered upon the scene, and formed thence forward a prominent and most agreeable feature of the display. The members of the band, 25 in number, and for the most part rather below than above the average size of the inmates, were dressed in a neat uniform of blue with red facings. Their instruments consisted of fifes and drums, and a bugle. The last named instrument was very creditably played by Samuel Grimshaw, the boy who, as will be seen below, took one of the Fox's prizes for the year. Grimshaw acquired his knowledge of bugle playing from the carpenter of the Institution, bugler Luckhurst, of the City Guards. The leader of the band is Bandmaster Campion, also of the City Guards, and the manner in which they executed several pieces of music, including the National Anthem and British Grenadier, was surprisingly good, especially when regarded in connection with the fact that it is only some three months since the band was originated ...


Vocalist, organist, convict

Born c. 1815
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1838 (convict per Bengal Merchant, from London 24 March 1838)
Active Sydney and Campbelltown, NSW, by 1841
Died Campbelltown, NSW, 22 May 1849, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Edwin Grobety, aged 21, was found guilty at the Old Bailey on 5 April 1836 of embezzling 20 pounds on the account of George Peachey, his master, a music seller of Bishopgate, London. Judgement was respited at the time.

There was an unclaimed letter for "Edwin Grobeti" at Adelaide General Post Office in October 1840, though he may never have set foot there. A letter to the Editor of the Australasian Chronicle in December 1841 concerning a supposedly haunted house at Campbelltown, reports that a "person of the name of Grobety has lived in the same house for two years, and he has never heard these noises until the last week".

He donated 1 pound 1 shilling to St. Patrick's Orphans' School at Windsor, NSW, in June 1841, and later that month was listed among the vocalists at Isaac Nathan's Oratorio in Sydney as "organist to St. Peter's church, Campbelltown" [Episcopalian/Anglican].

At St. John's Catholic church, Campbelltown, in August 1842, it was reported:

The mass of Count Mazzinghi, in B flat, was sung with great precision and taste by the Rev. Messrs. Sumner and Macginnis, and the choir, accompanied on the seraphine by Mr. Grobety, the organist, of Campbelltown. This splendid composition we believe was never before sung in this colony, and we can only say that it was performed with a judgment and ability that did ample justice to the composer.

He married Catherine Brady at Campbelltown in 1846. In 1847, Grobety was Campbelltown agent for Bell's Life.


"OLD COURT, Tuesday, April 5, 1836. 891. Edwin Grobety . . .", Central Criminal Court (1836), 893

New South Wales, [convict indents 1788-1842] 1838, pages 82-83; List of 270 male convicts, by the ship Bengal Merchant (3), William Campbell, master; J. Noott, surgeon-superintendent, arrived from England, 21st July, 1838; State Records New South Wales 

Education: Reading and Writing / Religion: Protestant / Native Place: London / Trade/Calling: Music Teacher (piano-forte) / Sentence: 14 years / Former Conviction: 3 months / Height: 5' 3" / Complexion: fair; ruddy / Colour of Hair: sandy / Eyes: grey / Particular Marks / Scars / Remarks: small scare outside left eye; raised mole on left jaw; finger nails short

[Advertisement], South Australian (20 October 1840), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841),  2

"GHOSTS AT CAMPBELLTOWN", Australasian Chronicle (2 December 1841), 2

"THE FESTIVAL OF ST. AUGUSTIN, AT CAMPBELLTOWN", Australasian Chronicle (23 August 1842), 2

"Campbelltown", Sydney Chronicle (2 September 1846), 3

"AGENTS FOR THIS JOURNAL", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 April 1847), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 May 1849), 4

At his residence, Campbelltown, on the 22nd instant, Mr. Edwin Grobity, aged 33 years, formerly of Berne, Switzerland, and for many years organist at St. John's Church, in this town, after a short and painful illness of three days, much regretted by all who knew him; leaving a wife and two young children to deplore their loss.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1866), 1


Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Music, choir and organ", in Patrick O'Farrell (ed.), St. Mary's Cathedral Sydney, 1821-1971 ([Sydney]: Devonshire Press for St. Mary's Cathedral, 1971), 161


The brothers (perhaps twins) James Turner Grocott and Alonzo Grocott, sons of James Grocott, wine merchant of Manchester, and his wife Mary, were both baptised on the 24 June 1821, at St. Michael's Flixton.


Music lithographer, printer, newspaper proprietor

Born Manchester, England; baptised Flixton, St. Michael, 24 June 1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1845
Died Parramatta Asylum, NSW, 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Alonzo Grocott's music printing and publishing activities appear to have been largely confined to the years 1859 to 1862, and then not without controversy. In July 1860, while he was apparently printing George Peck's Australian musical bouquet, Peck as sole proprietor and publisher advertised to "caution ALONZO GROCOTT, printer, and others, not to SELL or DISPOSE of any Copies of No.3 ...without my AUTHORITY, as by so doing, after this notice, they will expose themselves to legal proceedings."

Immediately below, Peck's notices, Grocott's own advertisement indeed signalled that one issue of something called the Australian musical bouquet could be had from his premises and those of Jacob Clarke. A few days later, the Empire reviewed the issue:

A great improvement has been effected in No. 3, of the Australian Musical Bouquet, just issued from Mr. Peck's Music Repository, by an enlargement of the size of the work, giving scope for a better engraving of the notes ... A cheap shilling's worth! The music is neatly engraved and printed by the transfer process by Mr. Grocott. There are, however, occasional errors which might be corrected; and a better quality of paper would greatly increase the utility of this meritorious little publication.

Grocott was still advertising his own series of an Australian Musical Bouquet in May 1861. Among other items, he printed Harwood's Thinkest thou of me in 1859, "printed and published" Spagnoletti's Our Australian Christmas song in November 1862, and much later printed an edition of Emilie North's The native rose waltz.

As with his brother James, the extent, if any, of Grocott's musical skill and knowledge is open to question. He was one of a group of Orange men arrested for making an illegal procession in July 1868.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1845), 4

"POLICE COURT", Empire (24 June 1851), 2

"APPRENTICE CASE", Empire (2 September 1851), 3

"ALONZO THE BRAVE AND THE FAIR IMAGE-IN", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 September 1851), 2

"THE TURON DIGGINGS", Empire (13 October 1851), 2

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1852), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1860), 10

"A great improvement has been effected in ...", Empire (10 July 1860), 4

[Advertisement in the printed program for the] Annual Exhibition of Poultry, Pigeons, and Rabbits, in Sydney (31 July-2 August 1860) 

ON THE FIRST OF AUGUST, will be published, (price ONE SHILLING), the AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET, EDITED BY MARMADUKE H. WILSON. CONTENTS: The Rose of Hazeldeen, Good News from Home, Old Folks are Gone, Jennie Dean, Anniversary Schottische, Drink to the Beautie, England's Glorious Land, Oh! Erin my Country, They have sold me down the river. To be had of ALONZO GROCOTT, "Musical Bouquet Office" Bathurst-street West, and of all the Book and Music Sellers in the Colony.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1860), 1 

"ART, SCIENCE, AND LITERATURE", Empire (21 August 1860), 2

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 October 1860), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (1 May 1861), 1

"GROCOTT'S MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1863), 1


"Insolvency Court", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 September 1885), 15

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999

GROCOTT, James Turner

Music retailer, lithographer, printer, publisher

Born Manchester, England; baptised St. Michael, Flixton, 24 June 1821
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1842
Trading at Grocott's music saloon, 486 George Street, from March 1848 to May 1851
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 April 1869, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also entry in sheet music checklist:


Son of a Manchester wine and spirits merchant (also James Grocott), Grocott was a "writer's clerk" when first declared insolvent in March 1842. He and his brother Alonzo were then in partnership as engravers and printers in 1845-46. By September 1846, if not earlier, Grocott had also begun to sell sheet music. That month Spencer Wallace was advertising his brother's balled In happy moments from Maritana: "copies got up under his inspection will bear his signature, 'S. W. Wallace'" to be had of a range of booksellers including Grocott, Moffitt, and Hudson. That Wallace's cousin Francis Ellard, who had also just issued an edition of In happy moments, was probably around this time experiencing business difficulties perhaps explains this duplication, and Grocott would go on to issue another Maritana song, Scenes that are brightest, under his own imprint.

In mid-February Ellard was newly insolvent, and in March Grocott took over his premises - the music saloon at 485-486 George Street - and purchased at auction his entire stock, including printing plates of Ellard's sheet music editions. Thereafter Grocott reissued copies of much of Ellard's original stock under his own imprint. On 10 March 1848, rival retailer Abraham Emanuel issued a caution in the Herald, as a "professor of music", warning the public against an edition of "the Jenny Lind polka, incorrect from first to last, in fact a perfect disgrace as a musical colonial production, published by a certain printer in George-street." A day later, Grocott responded by advertising his entire stock "N.B. 10,700 pieces of new MUSIC at HALF PRICE". But by July he too was insolvent, as he explained:

The cause of my insolvency is occasioned by my having purchased the stock of F. Ellard's estate ... the which subsequently proved to be of such an unsaleable nature that the major portion of them could not be sold except at a great sacrifice. The sale for twelve months amounting to £82, and for which I agreed to pay £600.

Apart from variously trading on and suffering under Ellard's legacy, Grocott also published a few new colonial works, including John Howson's The brides farewell to her mother (January 1848), William Stanley's Tell him I love him yet (June 1850), J. H. Anderson's The Fitzroy quadrilles (September 1850).

The catalogue he published in the Herald in August 1850 probably represented his complete stock. In March 1851 he also advertised:

J. T. Grocott would add that he has determined on establishing a Musical Library, from which can be copied at any time any piece enumerated - the catalogue of which will appear in to-morrow's Herald, when a copy should be retained as a reference for those who may require a manuscript copy of the same. The Work itself will not be sold, but kept for the purpose specified above. WANTED, two Music Copiers, who will be liberally paid.

However, the promised catalogue did not appear, and, his musical interests apparently waning, in April he launched a new venture "Grocott's Dissolving Views" (with the disgraced George W. Worgan billed his pianist), before finally relinquishing his George-street premises in May. Thereafter he took his "Dissolving Views" to the NSW goldfields, as a Herald correspondent on "A Trip to the Diggings" reported:

A spring van! Why, surely the diggings are not yet sufficiently civilized to admit of the harmonious sounds of the pianoforte? Well! well! who could have thought it, the van is truly enough a pianoforte van; but not loaded with music exactly; and that strange looking being at the wheel, in the red nightcap, varigated woollen shirt, and beard of enormous length, is no less than the polite and natty Mr. Grocott, of George-street, who was wending his weary way to the land of Ophir. He recognized us long before we did him, and when asked if his views were now dissolving, he replied it was not likely to prove so profitable, or be so easily earned.

It is unclear what happened to Grocott's stock immediately after May 1851, though some or all of it was ultimately acquired by Woolcott and Clarke, and perhaps also by George Hudson and Henry Marsh. Grocott himself appears to have had no further contact with the music trade (though his brother Alonzo did). As his two later insolvencies testify, Grocott was a storekeeper (in his father's trade of wines and spirits) in Pitt Street in 1855, and a hotelkeeper in Manly in September 1860.


"INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1845), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1846), 1

"ABSTRACT OF SALES BY AUCTION THIS DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1847), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1847), 1

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1848), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1848), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 March 1848), 1

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1848), 2

"IN THE ESTATE OF FRANCIS ELLARD, AN INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1849), 2

[Advertisement]: "CATALOGUE OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1851), 1

"GROCOTT'S DISSOLVING VIEWS", Empire (17 April 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1851), 1

"A TRIP TO THE DIGGINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1851), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1869), 1

Musical publications:

See main entry on Grocott in checklist of sheet music publications:

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999


Upper-trumpeter (Batavia)

Active WA, 1629
Died WA, 5 July 1629

Bibliography and resources:

Csilla E. Ariese, Databases of the people aboard the VOC ships Batavia (1629) and Zeewijk (1727) - An analysis of the potential for finding the Dutch castaways' human remains in Australia (Fremantle: Australian National Centre of Excellence for Maritime Archaeology, 2012)

Ralph J. G. Henssen, Trompetters en tamboers in de Zeeuwse zeevaart ten tijde van de Republiek: plichten en Praktijken (thesis, Utrecht University, 2011) 


Piano teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1855


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 December 1855), 4 

MUSIC - LESSONS - on the PIANO-FORTE by MISS GROSSE. Address - Miss Grosse, at Mr. Bower's, timber merchant, St. Vincent street. Port Adelaide.

GROSSI, Enrico (Enrico GROSSI; Signor GROSSI)

Baritone vocalist

Born Mantua, Italy, c.1828
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4/5 November 1857 (per South Carolina, from Liverpool, England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 January 1862 (per Iconium, for San Francisco)
Died San Francisco, California, USA, 9 July 1866, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Grossi arrived in Melbourne in November 1857, probably with Maggiorotti, both of them appearing in concert that month with Miska Hauser (his farewell benefit) and G. V. Brooke. Grossi appeared regularly in opera during 1858 and the following years. He left for San Francisco in company with Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi in January 1862. He continued to work with the Bianchis there until his death in 1866.


"CONCERTS BY THE ITALIAN BAND", York Herald [England] (3 January 1857), 10

On Tuesday and Wednesday evenings last, the celebrated band of the Anglo-Italian Legion, recently stationed in York barracks, gave two grand concerts in the Theatre-Royal, in this city, to respectable audiences. On these occasions the above band fully sustained its former repute, and selections from the most eminent composers were played with such great ability - an ability peculiar to the Italians, as far as music is concerned - as to obtain for them renewed and enthusiastic plaudits from all parts of the house. Signor Carnavelli was again the conductor of the band, but the concerts were not confined to the performances of the latter, excellent though they might be, but the services of some able vocalists were prudently introduced. Those vocalists were Signora Martinetti, Signor Grossi, and Signor Borelli, and the warmth with which their singing was received testified to its excellence. Mr. G. Hopkinson presided at the pianoforte. Not the least interesting part of the performances was the brilliant execution by individual members of the band on the clarionet, oboe, and other instruments. The Lord Mayor, under whose patronage the concerts were given, was present on Wednesday evening.

"CONCERTS AT THE THEATRE", The Yorkshire gazette (3 February 1857), 3

The splendid band of the Anglo-Italian Legion, recently stationed at York Barracks, have given in the Theatre Royal a series of three excellent concerts of vocal and instrumental music during the present week, namely, on the evenings of Tuesday, Wednesday, and yesterday, under the patronage of the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor . . . The instrumental pieces were diversified by vocal music, the singers being Signora Martinetti, a soprano of ability and good voice, and Signors Grossi and Talbo, baritones, both vocalists of much professional skill . . .

"SIGNOR GIUSEPPE OPERTI'S ANNUAL CONCERT", Morning Advertiser [London] (20 July 1857), 3

On Friday night Signor Giuseppe Operti gave his annual grand vocal and instrumental concert, in the Queen's Concert-rooms, Hanover-square, under the patronage of her Grace the Duchess of Hamilton and her Grace the Duchess of Wellington . . . We ought not to forget the names of Madame Bellosio, Russelli, and Martinetti, as well as Signors Grossi, Ista, Aunoni, Kini, and Mercuriali.

Australia (5 November 1857 to 11 January 1862)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (23 November 1857), 5

Two candidates for public approbation made their appearance on these boards on Saturday evening, in a lyrical entertainment provided for that purpose. These were Signori Maggiorotti and Grossi; both of them natives, we believe, of the city which gave Madlle. Piccolimini to the English stage. Signor Maggiorotti has been singing with Miss Catherine Hayes, both in Europe and the West Indies . . . Signor Grossi, the baritone, only sang in the duett, and we must await another opportunity of hearing him before pronouncing an opinion upon his pretensions as a vocalist.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1857), 8

"SIGNOR GROSSI'S BENEFIT CONCERT", South Australian Register (20 July 1858), 2

"THE ITALIAN OPERA", The South Australian Advertiser (2 March 1861), 2

"CLEARANCES. JANUARY 11", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1862), 4

Iconium, ship, 549 tons, Captain Heustis, for San Francisco. Passengers - Mr. J. O. Gorman, Signor and Signora Bianchi. Signor Grossi, Messrs. Herman, Marriotti, Emmerson, J. Gregg, and 15 in the steerage.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1862), 4

After Australia (from 1862):

"From the Sandwich Islands", Daily Alta California (5 May 1862), 1 

On Saturday and Monday nights, April 5th and 7th, Signora Bianchi, Messrs. Grossi and Gregg gave two more performances at the Hawaiian Theatre, fully attended by a numerous and delighted audience.

"PASSENGERS", Daily Alta California (6 May 1862), 4 

SYDNEY - Per Iconium - Signor and Signora Bianchi, Miss Hermann, Mr. John Gregg, Signor E, Grossi, Mr. Saml. C. Bradshaw 3d, and nine others.

"THE BIANCHIS IN CALIFORNIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1862), 5

"THEATRICALS AT CALCUTTA . . . Sept. 22d, 1864", Spirit of the times and the New York sportsman (3 December 1864), 219 

. . . Our regular season is November, December, January and February; but Mr. C. R. Theme, with his dramatic troupe, opened on the 15th inst. . . . with songs between by Mrs. Alicia M. Thorne and Signor Enrico Grossi. The theatre was well filled, and were well received, the acting of Mrs. Alicia M. Thorneand Mr. C. R. Thorne, being particularly worthy of note, and the singing of Signor Grossi calling forth an enthusiastic encore . . . The company consists of Mr. C. R. Thorne . . . and are accompanied by Signor Enrico Grossi of the Theatre Royal, Copenhagen.

"Transatlantische Correspondenz", Die neue Sängerhalle (30 July 1864), 246 

. . . In Sanghai hat sie über 30 Concerte gegeben. Hierauf begab sie sich mit ihren Begleitern, dem Violinist Signor Robbio, dem Pianist Mr. Adolpho Sipp [Rudolpho Sipp] unde dem Bassist Signor Grossi nach Hongkong, wo selbige drei sehr besuchte Concerte, am 10, 15. und 22 Februar . . .

"DIED", Daily Alta California (11 July 1866), 4 

In this city, 9th inst., Enrico Grossi, a native of Mantua, Italy, aged 38 years. Funeral will take place from A. Massey's, Sacramento street, at 3 o'clock P. M. this day.

"DEATH OF AN ARTISTE", Daily Alta California (11 July 1866), 1 

Signor Enrico Grossi, the basso comico and stage manager of the Bianchi opera troupe, died in this city on Monday last, aged 38 years. Signor Grossi was a native ot Mantua, Italy, and although a young man, had figured extensively in the world of arms as well as music. He was an officer in the army in Italy during 1838 and 1839, and afterwards served in the Crimean war, in the English service. He came from Australia with Signor Bianchi, a member of the Italian opera troupe, and afrerwards made a professional visit to India, China and Japan. He was attacked with dropsy, to which disease he succumbed. He will be buried today, from Mr. Atkins Massey's, Sacramento street.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 103, 110, 112, 114, 117, 118, 122, 250

GROVE, Daniel Parsons

Actor, comedian, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1833; Hobart, TAS, by 1836
Died Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 24 May 1847 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

GROVE, Bridget Dacres (McCRAW)


Register of marriages, 17 March 1837, parish of St. David's, Hobart Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:823293; RGD36/1/3 no 3636

"DIED", The Melbourne Argus (25 May 1847), 2 

DIED, Suddenly, yesterday morning, Mr. Daniel Parsons Grove, Stage Manager at the Queen's Theatre Royal - for the last fifteen years a talented and useful member of the colonial corps dramatique.

"AWFULLY SUDDEN DEATH", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (25 May 1847), 2 

GUENETT, Thomas Harbottle

Professor of Music, teacher, music critic/reviewer (Argus), composer (pupil of Ebenezer Prout and Charles Halle, teacher of Melba, and Henry Handel Richardson)

Born Fleetwood, Lancashire, England, 22 June 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1872
Died East St. Kilda, Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1902, in his 53rd year


[Advertisement], The Argus (11 January 1873), 8

"MR. GUENETT'S CONCERT", The Argus (17 February 1873), 7

"Marriages", The Argus (22 July 1874), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (25 March 1878), 1




"COLONIAL TELEGRAMS", South Australian Register (14 May 1883), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 September 1902), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (11 September 1902), 6

It is with very deep regret that we have to announce the death of Mr. T. H. Guenett, for many years musical critic of The Argus and The Australasian, which took place at his residence, Fulton-street, East St. Kilda, yesterday after a brief illness. Mr. Guenett was the only son of the late Rev J. Farnham Guenett, and was born in Devonshire in 1850. He completed his musical education under Sir Charles Halle, and came to Melbourne 28 years ago. Since then he has been a prominent figure in the local music world. He originated and carried on for some years the Melbourne Popular Concerts which did much to educate the musical taste of the city. His most famous pupil was the lady now known to the world as Madame Melba, and it adds to the pathos of Mr Guenett's somewhat sudden death that up to the past few days he was looking forward with eagerness to renewing his acquaintance with his illustrious pupil. In 1888 Mr. Guenett became musical critic of The Argus and The Australasian, and in the following year he made a tour of England and the Continent. Mr. Guenett retained his position on The Argus until about two years ago, when he retired. He formerly held the position of organist at the Toorak Presbyterian Church, and at the time of his death was organist at the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church ....

Bibliography and resources:

"Guenett, Thomas Harbottle", The dictionary of Australasian biography (1892), 204-05 



Professor of music, violinist, actor, theatre orchestra player

Born Limerick, Ireland
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by May 1843
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 March 1856, aged 41 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

GUERIN, Theodosia (Miss YATES; Mrs. MACINTOSH; Mrs. STIRLING; Mrs. Richard STEWART)

Soprano vocalist, actor

Born 12 April 1815; baptised Rye, Sussex, 20 April 1815 (daughter of Thomas YATES and Mary CROSHAW)
Married Alexander MACINTOSH, St. Mary's Lambeth, 23 December 1838
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 28 January 1842 (passenger per Sydney, from London, and the Downs 3 October 1841)
Active professionally as Mrs. STIRLING
Married James GUERIN, 1846
Married Richard Stewart TOWZEY (1827-1902), 1857 (the couple took the surname STEWART)
Died Melbourne, 19 July 1904, in her 90th year [1842-46] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) [1846-57] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) [1857-1904] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

GUERIN, Theodosia (junior) (Miss Docy STEWART: Mrs. HARWOOD)

Actor, vocalist

Born 1846
Died 1920 (NLA persistent identifier) (AusStage)

GUERIN, Margaret (Miss Maggie STEWART)

Actor, vocalist

Born 1847
Died 1903 (AusStage)

See also Richard Stewart and Nellie Stewart



James Guerin arrived in Sydney by May 1843, when he appeared in an onstage role at the Royal City Theatre. In Isaac Nathan's Australian Philharmonic Concert in June 1844 he played second violin with Henry O' Flaherty, and at Stephen Marsh's concert at the Royal Victoria Theatre in November 1845 with O'Flaherty and George Strong. He also played in the band at the concert of John Deane junior's Australian Harmonic Club in June 1846.

Theodosia Macintosh was one of the new theatrical recruits that arrived in Hobart with Anne Remens Clarke in January 1842. She first appeared on the Hobart stage in February as Mrs. Stirling, singing singing Alexander Lee's The hunter's signal horn (for an American edition, see: In June, at Maria Logan's concert:

Mrs, Stirling, whose classic style has always pleased us in her vocal performances, exhibited an additional talent, for which we had not till then given her credit, in the piano accompaniment, which she disposed of with apparent ease, though containing operatic passages requiring a certain degree of fingering.

The Gautrots' concert in June 1845 was to have been her last Hobart appearance prior to leaving for Sydney (though in the event she was indisposed). In Sydney in August, her appearance as Zerlina in Rophino Lacy's adaptation of Auber's Fra Diavolo was subjected to detailed critique in The Australian. She last appeared as Mrs. Stirling in Balfe's The Bohemian Girl in July 1846, and was being billed as "Mrs. Guerin (late Mrs. Stirling)" in August. She appeared in Nathan's Don John of Austria in 1847, and in Wallace's Maritana in April 1849 and Matilda of Hungary in March 1850. In January 1855, Theodosia was unable to appear at the theatre "in consequence of Mr. Guerin being suddenly and seriously indisposed". He died in March 1856.

On Theodosia's long career, THIS ENTRY IS ONLY A STUB

My thanks to Allister Hardiman (2017) from bringing Frances Yates's family memoir to my attention.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 February 1842), 1

"MRS. LOGAN'S CONCERT", The Courier (10 June 1842), 2

"ACCIDENT", The Courier (24 February 1843), 2

[Unclaimed letters], Australasian Chronicle (7 March 1843), 4

"ROYAL CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1844), 3

"GAUTROT'S CONCERT", The Courier (29 June 1845), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (9 August 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1845), 2 

The Pastoral Symphony was beautifully played, and Mrs. Stirling did tolerable justice to the four succeeding recitatives . . . "How beautiful are the feet", [was] sung with feeling by Mrs. Stirling.

"THE ORATORIO", The Australian (27 December 1845), 3 

Mrs. Stirling sang "How beautiful are the feet", with purity, and expression, but her recitatives were inferior, defective in style, vigour, and enunciation. Her tournure is also susceptible of improvement.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1846), 3

"Theatricals", Bell's Life in Sydney (25 July 1846), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1846), 2

"DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (28 April 1849), 2

"THE STAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1855), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1856), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 July 1904), 1

Related musical prints:

I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls ("as sung by Mrs. Stirling in the opera of The Bohemian Girl") [Balfe] (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1845]) 

Canst thou bid the hand its cunning forget ("Sung by Mrs. Guerin ... in the opera of Don John of Austria") [Nathan] (Sydney: Ford, [? 1847-48]) 

In that devotion ("ballad sung by Mrs. Guerin in the opera of Matilda") [Wallace] (Sydney: Grocott, [1850]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Nellie Stewart 1923, My life's story

Skill 1974, Sweet Nell of old Sydney

Frances A. Yates, "Autobiographical fragments", in Ideas and ideals in the north European renaissance (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984), 304, 347-48 (notes 1 and 3)

... My father was descended from Shakespearean actors ... [Nellie Stewart]'s mother was Theodosia Yates, my grandfather's sister.

[348, note 3] From notes left by Frances and Ruby Yates It appears that their great-grandfather, Thomas Yates, and actor, married (in 1802) Mary Ann Croshaw and that Mrs. Yates had a fairly successful career on the stage. The couple had three children, two daughters and one son, James, Frances Yates's grandfather ... His sisters went on the stage. Theodosia was successful in Australia. Her singing is mentioned in a novel about early life in Sydney, A house is built, by M. Barnard Eldershaw, 1929 [Australian and UK editions, 155; American edition, 167] ...

Ross Cooper, "Stewart, Eleanor Towzey (Nellie) (1858-1931)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)


Amateur vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1858


"MISS PETTMAN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (16 September 1858), 2 

We regret to say that the stormy state of the weather rendered abortive the effort of Miss Pettman's musical friends to give to her a benefit concert on Wednesday evening. The concert was, indeed, performed as announced, but from the thin attendance it is feared that a considerable loss must have been sustained . . . Miss Pettman sang two or three airs during the evening, the moat successful of which was Handel's "He shall feed His flock." The duett from Judas Maccabaeus, "O, lovely peace," was rendered with considerable taste and expression by Miss Pettman and Mrs. Gurner, and was, as it deserved to be, warmly encored . . .

"MISS PETTMAN'S CONCERT . . .", The South Australian Advertiser (21 September 1858), 2 

MISS PETTMAN'S concert was not so well attended as the character of the performance deserved. It was rather unfortunate that it should have been appointed to take place on an evening so replete with amusements as that of Monday . . . Mrs. Gurner sang "Bright Blissful State," with great feeling, and the concert closed with Handel's Hallelujah chorus, to which the powerful choir and orchestra gave great effect.


Vocalist, ? instrumentalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (23 March 1854), 1 

PROGRAMME. Solo: Cornet-a-Piston; "The Storm March." Glee: "Hail! Smiling Morn."
"The Hungarian Exile," Mr. Gustav. Solo: Flutina, "The Last Rose of Summer."
"I'm Leaving Thee, Annie!" Chairman. Solo: Cornet-a-Piston, "Fra Poco."
Duetto, "I Know a Bank." Solo: Violincello, "Bellini." Comic Song: "The Lushington," Mr. Gustav. "Still so Gently," "Sonnambula," Chairman.
Solo: Flutina, "Fia Diavolo." Glee : "Spring's Delights," from the German.
Solo : Cornet-A-Piston, "Norma." "The Maniac," Mr. Gustav.
Comic Duet, "Mr. and Mrs. Johnson." "The Post Quadrilles," Cornet, Violincello, and Piano.
"Let Me Like a Soldier Fall," with Cornet obligato, Mr. Gustav. Glee: "Dame Durden." Solo, Flutina, "Norma," &c., &c..
NB.- To ensure a select company, Refreshment Tickets are issued at the door of the Concert Hall.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020