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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 31 March 2020

- T -

TAUEBER, Carl (Carl August Paul TAEUBER; Carl TAEUBER)

Professor of music, composer, piano tuner

Born ? Koben, Prussia, Germany, 1829
Married Linna Johanna Augusta GUNKEL, Groeningen, Prussia, 1851
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 1860
Died Adelaide, SA, 15 July 1882

TAUEBER,Oscar (Edward Gottlieb Oscar Carl TAEUBER; Oscar TAEUBER)


Born Adelaide, SA, 18 February 1871; son of Carl TAEUBER and Linna Augusta GUNKEL
Died SA, 1948


THE "SONG OF AUSTRALIA'", South Australian Register (3 March 1868), 2 

"MR. OSCAR TAEUBER", Observer (6 November 1909), 39 

Musical works:

The song of Australia, words by Ellie, composed & dedicated to his worship the Mayor of Adelaide by Carl Taeuber (Adelaide: J. Woodman, [1868]) 

TAPP, John Charles

Organist, composer, public servant, schoolmaster, convict

Born Stoke (Stoke Lane), Somerset, England, 29 April 1825; baptised Stoke St. Michael, 5 June 1825 (son of Caius Martius TAPP and Sarah STEEDS)
Sentenced, 14 years, Somerset Assizes, Taunton, at the session beginning 31 March 1847; trial 3 April
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 20 March 1852 (convict per Aboukir, from Plymouth, 24 December 1851)
Married Anne Amelia BALL (c.1836-1905), Hobart, TAS, 29 March 1853
Died Oatlands, TAS, 30 August 1875, in the 51st year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The youngest son of Caius Martius Tapp, a former schoolmaster and yeoman of Stoke Lane in Somerset, and his wife Sarah Steeds, John Charles Tapp was born on 29 April 1825. A miller by trade, he was convicted of forgery at the Taunton Assizes in 1847 and sentenced to 14 years transportation. The 1851 England census lists him as a prisoner on the hulk The warrior. He was transported later that year on the Aboukir to Tasmania (only 14 further shipments of convicts to Tasmania followed, and transportations ended after the arrival of the last, 13 months later, on 26 May 1853).

Aged 26 on arrival in March 1852, Tapp was granted a ticket-of-leave in September 1853, and was recommended for a conditional pardon in August 1854 (granted July 1855). He was already connected with the Wesleyan Sunday School in Hobart in 1853, and two years later for that institution he published his:

Tasmanian sacred melodies (Hobart: Teachers of the Campbell Street Sunday School, R.V. Hood, [1855]), containing 8 original hymn tunes and 1 set of chants; 1 Hobarton; 2 Launceston; 3 Hallelujah (a parting piece); 4 Sorell; 5 Longford; 6 Ross; 7 Brighton; 8 Franklin; 9 Chant[s]

The Mercury noticed:

We have received a copy of Tasmanian Sacred Melodies, composed and arranged by J. C. Tapp, organist, of this city. They appear to be well suited to the purpose for which they are intended; and their being published by the teachers of the Campbell-street Sunday School shows they are appreciated, and worthy of a more extended circulation. There are nine tunes, besides chants and miscellan[ie]s, and the price is 3s. 6d. We have heard Mr. Tapp spoken of has having ability of a very high order, when applied to sacred music.

By June 1856, he was a clerk at Port Arthur (in charge of the bakery), having previously held a post as an assistant-superintendent at the prison. He was appointed postmaster at Port Arthur in 1859, where he continued to hold several other administrative offices.

In Hobart in 1872, Tapp and his family sold up their household belonings, intending to settle in New Zealand, perhaps to join there the family of his later elder sister Ann (1809-1850, Mrs. Thomas Allen).

One other musical attribution to a "J. C. Tapp", an arrangement, appears in a mid-19th-century organbook (a collection of hymn tunes and chants), British Library, Add. MS. 59873 (see The British Library journal 4 (1978), 197).


Baptisms solmenized in the Parsh of Stoke Lane / Stoke St. Michael / in the County of Somerset in the year 1825; register 1813-1836, page 50; Somerset Archives

No. 394 / 5 June / Born 29 April / John Charles son of / Caius Martius & Sarah / Tapp / Stoke / Yeoman . . .

1841 England census, Somerset, Parish of Kilmersdon, Coleford; HP 107/948/7

Martius Tapp / 65 / Yoeman / [born Somerset]
Sarah [Tapp] / 60 / [born Somerset]
John [Tapp] / 15 / [born Somerset]

"Charge of Forgery", The Dorset County Chronicle (4 February 1847), 4

On Wednesday last, John Charles Tapp, a man of respectable capacity, living in the vicinity of Oakhill, was brought before the magistrates charged with having uttered a check (he had received from Messrs. Jillard and Co., of Oakhill, for the amount £9 15s., payable at Stuckey's Bank. Wells) which he ingeniuosly had converted into £90 15s., and presented the same, on Monday, the 25th inst., at the bank, obtained the money and went away. On Tuesday he was captured by Mr. Hall, the vigilant officer of Bath, and conveyed to Wells. The same night he was remanded till Thursday; but, in consequence of other evidence, which it was necessary to bring forward against him, he was further remanded until Monday, when he was committed for trial. On Thursday night he tried to effect his escape from custody, from the room in which was confined, at the Town-hall, by endeavouring to get through the window, but was prevented in his project and thereupon heavily ironed.

John Charles Tapp, 31 March 1847; County of Somerset, register of all persons charged with indictable offences at the assizes and sessions held within the county during the year 1847, HO 27/83, page 31

John Charles Tapp / 21 / County Assizes 31st March / [Forgery] (Of an order for the payment of money) / 14 years

"WESTERN DISTRICT. TAUNTON . . . APRIL 3, FORGERY", The London Daily News (5 April 1847)

John Charles Tapp, a miller, was indicted for forging a cheque to the amount of 90l. 16s., with intent to defraud John and Samuel Rutter, and also Stuckey's Banking Company. The prisoner lived at Holcombe, near Shepton Mallet, and dealt with Messrs. Rutter, corn-factors at Bath. On the 23rd January last, he received from that firm a cheque for 9l. 16s., drawn on Stuckey's bank at Wells. On the 25th January, the prisoner went into the Royal Oak public-house in the market-place at Wells, carrying a smockfrock on his arm, and wearing a brown great coat. He called for a pen and ink, which were at once handed to him. He then took a piece of paper out of his pocket, and in the presence of several people wrote something upon it. Immediately afterwards he inquired for Stuckey's bank, and having tied a handkerchief round his neck, he went away, leaving the smock-frock on the table. It was then about three o'clock, and at that time cheque for 90l. 16s. was presented at the bank. It was cashed by Captain Giles, the manager of the bank, and he observed that the man presenting it had a muffler tied round his mouth, and a shade over his eye; the latter appeared to be attached to his hat. Captain Giles's firm belief was that the prisoner was the man. He stated that his name was Fussell, and that he lived at East Horrington. The rector of the parish being in the bank at the time, stated that he did not know a person named Fussell living in his district. Suspicion was therefore excited, but by that time the man was gone. The cheque was then examined closely, and it was found to have been altered, the syllable "ty " being added to the "nine" in the body the cheque, and the figures at the bottom being made to correspond. In the afternoon of the same day, the prisoner was seen at Shepton Mallet, a few miles from Wells, and he then wore a white smock-frock, but no shade over his eye. Various circumstances were deposed to leading to the conclusion that the prisoner had deliberately planned the forgery, and as deliberately carried it into execution. Verdict, Guilty. Sentence, 14 years' transportation.

Convict conduct record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1439087; CON33/1/106,283,256,F,60 

25466 / Tapp, John Charles, Tried Taunton Ass. 31 March 1847, 14 years, Arr'd. 20.3.52, C. of E. can read & write / Transported for Forging a cheque for payment of money with intent to defraud. Prison report Most exemplary . Single. Stated this offence, Forging a cheque for £90. 0. 0 I altered it from £9 to £90 pros'r the Bankers at Wells. Single

Trade: Miller / Height: 6ft / Age: 26 / Complexion: Sallow / Head: Large / Hair: Dark brown / Whiskers: do. / Visage: long / Forehad: high / Eyebrows: black / Eyes: do / Nose: long / Mouth: wide / Chin: Med'm / Native place: Stokelane, Somerset / Remarks: High cheek bones

. . . T of L 30 August 1853 / C[onditional] Pardon 17 July 1855 . . .


"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOLS", The Courier (29 March 1853), 2

"TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 September 1853), 6

"CONDITIONAL PARDONS RECOMMENDED", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 August 1854), 8

"SACRED MELODIES", The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

"THE GOVERNMENT FLOUR CASE", Colonial Times (2 June 1856), 2

"GOVERNMENT GAZETTE", Launceston Examiner (9 June 1859), 2

"APPOINTMENTS", Launceston Examiner (11 June 1859), 4

"APPOINTMENTS", Launceston Examiner (23 July 1864), 4

"OFFICIAL NOTICES", Launceston Examiner (23 December 1869), 3

[News], The Mercury (20 March 1872), 2 

Also on Friday last [15 March] at New Norfolk the household furniture and other effects the property of Mr. Tapp, who is about leaving for New Zealand, when satisfactory prices were realised. The organ harmonium (a splendid instrument, and considered the best in the colony), not reaching the reserve, was withdrawn at £52.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 May 1872), 1

"OATLANDS. POLICE COURT", The Mercury (1 April 1875), 3

Deaths in the district of Oatlands, 1875; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1207878; RGD35/1/44 no 696 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (1 September 1875), 1

Probate, 1879, on the will of John Charles Tapp; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:665001; AD961/1/5 

Musical works:

Tasmanian sacred melodies (Hobart: Teachers of the Campbell Street Sunday School, R.V. Hood, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Luke Agati, "Recent discoveries in early Tasmanian music", Papers and proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 65/1 (April 2018), 31-42

https://search-informit-com-au/documentSummary;dn=061121850543482;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL)


Professor of the Pianoforte, Harp and Singing, organist, choral conductor

Arrived Hobart, TAS, January 1853 (per Derwentwater)
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 December 1873, "in the 63rd year of his age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

TAPFIELD, Master (Frederick)

Boy soprano, music master, station owner

Born Cambridgeshire, England, 1845
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 March 1907


Mr. Tapfield, "Late of London and Cambridge" announced his intention to settle in Hobart Town in January 1853, as a "Professor of the Pianoforte, Harp and Singing", offering testimonials from "the Bishop of Chester, and from many others of the highest respectability in England".

By July 1853, he was organist of Trinity Church. In November 1853, Master Tapfield first appeared in concert for Salier and Russell. In March 1854, Samuel Tapfield was admitted to the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land, to which his wife Charlotte (died July 1863) also contributed in October that year: "a manuscript volume containing the characters used to express 54 different oriental and other languages, &c., ancient and modern".

In 1855, Henry Stoney reported in his book A year in Tasmania:

A glee club has been organized under the direction of Mr. Tapfield, organist of Trinity Church, which has met with considerable success, and is patronised by some of the principal families.

He was founder (1867) and conductor of the Hobart Town Orchestral Union. (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Probably late Master Tapfield, Frederick was music master at Hobart High School in January 1870. In 1871, Samuel was conductor the Hobart Orchestral Union.


"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (21 January 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 January 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE . . . GRAND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Colonial Times (5 November 1853), 2

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Courier (11 March 1854), 2

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Courier (13 October 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 January 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 January 1859), 4

"THE ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH", The Mercury (2 September 1862), 3

"DEATHS", The Mercury (17 July 1863), 1

"ENCORES AT CONCERTS. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (1 November 1864), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (20 January 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 January 1870), 1

"HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (29 March 1870), 6

"HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (15 November 1870), 3

"ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH", The Mercury (15 December 1870), 2

"DEATH OF MR. TAPFIELD", The Mercury (31 December 1873), 2 

Another has passed the bourne. His familiar figure and fine appearance will be missed from our streets and the high class entertainments with which he was associated. Many of our readers will regret to learn the demise of Mr. Tapfield, a gentleman connected with the musical profession, and for many years resident in this city. He died in the 63rd year of his age, at his residence Macquarie-street, yesterday morning. Mr. Tapfield was originally an organist at Cambridge, but failing health induced him to leave for this colony. He arrived here twenty years ago, and has always followed the musical profession. He started the Glee Club, and latterly he conducted the Orchestral Union. For many years also he has occupied the position of organist at St. Andrew's Church. As a private gentleman he had a numerous circle of friends, and he was very generally respected and esteemed by the community.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (5 January 1874), 4

"THE LATE MR. TAPFIELD", Weekly Examiner (10 January 1874), 16 

Yesterday's Mercury says: - The service at St. Andrew's yesterday had special reference to the death of the late Mi- Tapfield, organist of the church. The Rev. John Storie alluded in most impressive and affectionate terms to Mr. Tapfield's general worth and long connection with St. Andrew's. At the conclusion of the service a funeral hymn composed by Mr. Tapfield was sung, and the Dead March in Saul was performed on the organ by Mr. F. A. Packer, who attended to pay a graceful mark of respect to the memory of the deceased.

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (29 May 1876), 2s

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (26 March 1907), 5

"DEATHS", The Mercury (6 March 1926), 1

Bibliography and resources:

The album of the Cambridge Garrick Club (Cambridge: Pub. for the Society, by W. H. Smith, 1836), 156

Henry Butler Stony, A residence in Tasmania (London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1856), 132-33

Reprint of the 1855 Hobart edition, A year in Tasmania

"MUSICAL. ORCHESTRAL UNION", Walch's Tasmanian Almanac (Hobart: J. Walch and Sons, 1871), 136

TASCA, Carlotta = Mrs. Alfred PLUMPTON

TATE, Henry

Music reviewer, writer on music, poet, composer

Born Prahran, VIC, 27 October 1873
Died South Yarra, VIC, 6 June 1926 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary to 1900 (after Carmody ADB):

His interest in music began as an Anglican choirboy at Christ Church, St Kilda; when the University of Melbourne opened its Conservatorium of Music in 1895, he enrolled as a student under George Marshall-Hall.


"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (6 May 1909), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 June 1926), 1

"THE LATE MR. HENRY TATE. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (9 June 1920), 20

"Australian Composers. Some Melbourne Figures", The Brisbane Courier (12 May 1928), 25

"The Bush and Aurora Australis", The Brisbane Courier (23 June 1928), 22

[Nettie Palmer] HENRY TATE, before his death about two years ago, had at least heard his most important completed work performed by a Melbourne orchestra; in addition to this, he had been accepted as a man of most fruitful musical ideas, expressed sometimes in his actual compositions, sometimes in words, as in his rare little book, "Australian Musical Possibilities." Henry Tate was a man of great fecundity (hindered often by ill health), and his fecundity was all used in the one direction, that of bringing Australia into music. From his tiniest piano fragment, "Bush Noon," to his impressive orchestral work, "Dawn in Australia," all was an experiment in the direction of writing down our own peculiar harmonies and rhythms. To this end he used an unusual scale; he based many of his themes on the rhythms of our bird-calls, and the "programme" of his longer compositions (as in "Dawn in Australia") was the programme of nature itself. It will be for later composers, vitalised by his wealth of suggestions, to say whether his works were final in themselves or not. If they suffered from any lack, it was never a lack of musical ideas. The creative spirit was at large in them. It is to be hoped that they will gradually all be published. In the meantime a book of his prose and verse has been announced, the prose being both his musical dogmas and a series of descriptive essays, notes of his responsive delight in the bird-calls of the bush. His verse, too, is of interest, as showing, in words, the dreams of a man who lived for music. His long, ascetic face, with the widely-set eyes of a dreamer, was crowned by a very fine head. To many he was known solely as a champion chess player, which was enough. His "lightly-moved and all-conceiving spirit" could spend itself in many directions, but his influence on music will be most profoundly felt as years go by.

Bibliography and resources:

John Carmody, "Tate, Henry (1873-1926)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)



Died Newcastle, NSW, 1920

ASSOCIATIONS: J. A. Delany (pupil)


"MR. ELLIS TAYLOR", The Newcastle Sun (19 April 1920), 1 


Musician, convict

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1818 (convict per Hadlow)


Henry Taylor (musician, per Hadlow, 1818); Memorial of his wife Susannah Taylor, to Thomas Brisbane, 1822; NSW, Colonial Secretary's papers 


Band leader (European Saxhorn Band), ? band instrument seller

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859 (? 1879)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1879), 2

TAYLOR, James (Tally-ho TAYLOR)

Bugler, bugle player (Thomas Mitchell's expedition)

Died (drowned near future town of Benalla, VIC), 13 October 1836


In April 1834 it was reported that "Mr. Ellard, the Musical Instrument Maker, has completed a Bugle of a very superior description, to be used in Major Mitchell's exploring party." Having hired a bugler, James Taylor, especially, Mitchell used the instrument on his expedition mainly as a signal for members of his party, though, as he also recorded, it astonished some of the Indigenous tribesmen they encountered ("On hearing the bugle it appeared that they seemed much alarmed and drew up at a distance"). Taylor was drowned near Benalla while crossing a river on 13 October 1836.


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (24 April 1834), 3

Bibliography and resources:

[14 May 1836] . . . Burnett reported when he returned that he had found our track after making a considerable circuit five or six miles from the camp; and as Piper, who accompanied him, was tracing my steps homewards, on perceiving some natives running along it, he concluded that we were just before them and sounded the bugle, when they proved to be the tribe before mentioned, all armed with spears. What their object was I cannot say, for three of them had been trotting along the footmarks, while the rest of the tribe in a body kept pace abreast of them. On hearing the bugle it appeared that they seemed much alarmed and drew up at a distance . . . 

[13 October 1836] . . . The man whom I usually employed on these occasions was James Taylor who had charge of the horses and who, on this unfortunate morning, was fated to lose his life in that swampy river. Taylor, or Tally-ho, as the other men called him, had been brought up in a hunting stable in England, and was always desirous of going further than I was willing to allow him, relying too much, as it now appeared, on his skill in swimming his horse, which I had often before prevented him from doing. I had on this occasion recalled him from different parts of the river, and determined to use the boat and swim the cattle and horses to the other side, when Tally-ho proposed to swim over on a horse in order to ascertain where the opposite bank was most favourable for the cattle to get out. I agreed to his crossing thus wherever he thought he could; and he rode towards a place which I conceived was by no means the best, and accordingly said so to him. I did not hear his reply, for he was just then riding into the water, and I could no longer see him from where I stood on the edge of a swampy hole. But scarcely a minute had elapsed when Burnett, going on foot to the spot, called out for all the men who could dive, at the same time exclaiming "the man’s gone!" The horse came out with the bridle on his neck just as I reached the water's edge, but of poor Tally-ho I saw only the cap floating on the river. Four persons were immediately in the water - Piper, his gin, and two whites–and at six or eight minutes at most Piper brought the body up from the bottom. It was quite warm and immediately almost all the means recommended in such cases were applied by our medical attendant (Drysdale) who, having come from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, had seen many cases of that description. For three hours the animal heat was preserved by chafing the body, and during the whole of that time the lungs were alternately inflated and compressed, but all without success. With a sincerity of grief which must always pervade the breasts of men losing one of their number under such circumstances, we consigned the body of poor Taylor to a deep grave, the doctor having previously laid it out between two large sheets of bark. I was myself confounded with the most heart-felt sorrow when I turned from the grave of poor Tally-ho, never to hear his bugle blast again.* (*Footnote. How this man could have died in the water in so short a time we did not understand, but it was conjectured that he had received some blow from the horse, until we were subsequently informed when on the Murrumbidgee by a person there who knew Taylor that he was subject to fits, a fact which satisfied us all as to the sudden manner of his death.)

James (Tally-Ho) Taylor, Monuments Australia 


For another exploring expedition with a bugler, see J. R. Phillips's Hotham Expedition in 1835:

"THE HOTHAM EXPEDITION", The Perth Gazette (10 October 1835), 578

Soon afterwards the bugle sounded, prepare for the start . . . Cheers were echoed and re-echoed from either party; the faint note of the bugle playing Over the hills and far away, was the last remembrance left us of our departed friends.


Soprano vocalist, actor ("daughter of the late Mr. Hill, of Covent Garden")

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833
Died Calcutta, 13 May 1841, "aged 27 years"

Go to main page:


Clown, comedian, stage manager

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830s

TAYLOR, Samuel


Active Victoria, by 1862
Died Carlton, VIC, 8 August 1881  



[News], The Argus (10 April 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 September 1868), 8

MUSIC. Mr. S. TAYLOR, BANDMASTER (late H. M. 6th Enniskillen Dragoons, formerly bandmaster in H. M. navy), begs to state he has erected a PRACTICE-ROOM expressly for all kinds of WIND INSTRUMENTS, fitted up with every regard to comfort, sound, &c, where persons desirous of learning the clarionet, cornopean, piccolo, saxhorn, euphonium, trombone, side drum, and all instruments required in military, naval, or volunteer bands, may do so at a reasonable expense. Mr. T. has organised the following bands to the entire satisfaction of each corps, viz.- Original Head quarters, Castlemaine Rifles, Pentridge do., East Collingwood do., Eaglehawk do. (drum and fife); Reformatory ship do. Mr. T. may be consulted regarding terms Tuesday or Thursday evenings, at the East Collingwood Orderly room, or at his residence, Townham cottage, Station street, Carlton. Music arranged for reed or brass bands. A juvenile class now forming.

"SALE BOROUGH BAND", Gippsland Times (24 March 1880), 3

"DEATH", Gippsland Times (17 August 1881), 2

[News], Gippsland Times (17 August 1881), 3

TAYLOR, Thomas

Bandmaster (The Adelaide Brass and Reed Band, late Leader of Wombwell's Brass Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854-55


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 March 1854), 1

"MARTIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (29 August 1854), 3

"PROPOSED DINNER OF THE VOLUNTEER OFFICERS", South Australian Register (12 May 1855), 2

? "THE SEMAPHORE", South Australian Register (10 April 1880), 5

TAYLOR, W. Geddes (William, "Watty")

Amateur composer, journalist

Died Port Augusta, SA, 10 May 1909


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 October 1884), 1

"NEWMUSIC", South Australian Register (27 May 1887), 5

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 May 1887), 1

[News], The Advertiser (28 May 1890), 7

"IN MEMORIAM", The Advertiser (11 May 1910), 8


Austral dreams valse (Adelaide: S. Marshall & Sons, 1884)

The football polka (by W. Geddes Taylor; dedicated by permission to the Victorian and South Australian Football Associations) ([1887]) 

TEGG, James

Bookseller, publisher, printer (J. Tegg & C0.)

Born Cheapside, London, 16 January 1808
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1845 (NLA persistent identifier)

TEGG, Samuel Augustus

Bookseller, publisher, printer

Born London, 8 January 1813
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1834
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), December 1836
Died Paignton, Devon, England, 5 December 1872 (NLA persistent identifier)


Son of London publisher Thomas Tegg, James Tegg was not generally involved with musical selling or publishing. However, in May 1842, he published the word-book to Charles Nagel's "musical burletta" Mock catalani in Little Puddleton (copy at British Library digitised). The music-seller Thomas Rolfe, from whom Tegg's wordbook was also available, meanwhile published music for the songs.

In Hobart in July 1838, Samuel Tegg advertised publication of the The first set of the Van Diemen's Land quadrilles ("by the late music master of H.M S. Wellesley and Alfred"; no copy identified


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (21 April 1842), 3 

MR. TEGG, HOBART TOWN, had just received a large assortment of SACRED MUSIC, from the works of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Handel, and others; and as many of these are large works, he has been advised to put them in LOTS, varying in value from £20 downwards, and offer the same to the public by tickets at 30s. each. Parties who know, and can appreciate the works of the above GREAT MASTERS, would do well to avail themselves of such an opportunity, as probably so valuable a collection may never again be offered. Every information concerning this music can be had at Mr. Tegg's Stationery Warehouse, Hobert Town, or from his agent, Mr. Clarke, Professor of Music, Swanston-street, Melbourne, where tickets are now on sale. Early application is necessary, as the drawing will take place on the 21st of MAY NEXT.

[Advertisement], The Australian (7 June 1842), 3

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor", The Australian (9 June 1842), 3

Sir, Feeling an interest to witness the representation of the "Mock Catalani", I attended the Theatre on Tuesday evening last, having first provided myself with the pamphlet of the piece, as published at Tegg's . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 August 1843), 1

SACRED MUSIC, WILL BE PUBLISHED IN A FEW DAYS, PART NO. I. OF THE PSALMIST, being a Collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, arranged for general Congregational Worship. Sold by Rolwegan, Collins-street; and Tegg, Elizabeth-street.

"THE LATE MR. TEGG", Geelong Advertiser (30 September 1846), 1

Bibliography and resources:

L. F. Fitzhardinge, "Tegg, James (1808-1845)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"Tegg, Thomas (1776-1845)", Dictionary of national biography (1898),_Thomas_(DNB00)

Victor Crittenden, James Tegg: early Sydney publisher and printer: the Tegg Brothers, the Australian arm of the book empire of Thomas Tegg of London (Canberra: Mulini Press, 2000)

TEICHELMANN, Christian Gottlieb

Recorder of indigenous language, songs, and customs, Lutheran missionary

Born Dahme, Saxony, 15 December 1807
Arrived Adelaide, 12 October 1838 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Stansbury SA, 31 May 1888 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

Heide Kneebone, "Teichelmann, Christian Gottlieb (1807-1888)", Australian dictionary of biography Suppl. (2005)


Clamor Wilhelm Schürmann

TEMPLETON, Charles = PRINGLE, Charles Lempriere


Pianist (daughter of Charles TEMPLETON and Nellie LAMBERT)

TEMPLETON, Mrs. (FALCONER, Mrs.) = LAMBERT, Nellie (Ethel)


Bandsman, Band of the NSW Corps, Band of the 46th Regiment (? also 73rd, 48th, 3rd regiments)

Born East Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, 10 June 1782
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1793 (free with parents, father William senior in the NSW Corps, per Scarborough)
Enlisted NSW Corps, as drummer, ? 21 June 1793 (aged 11 or 12)
Member of band 1806 and 1807
Transferred to the 73rd, Sydney, 24 April 1810
Transferred to the 46th, 1814; 48th, and 3rd regiment)
Pensioned Sydney, NSW, December 1824
Died Mount Holloway, NSW, 3 January 1845 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also:

Band of the NSW Corps

Band of the 46th Regiment


"LAW INTELLIGENCE. THE QUEEN V. MCINTOSH", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1851), 2

Margaret Ternan: Knew old McIntosh and the defendant twenty-seven years ago; defendant is like old McIntosh in his features more like him than his mother; witness' husband was a bandsman in the 46th Regiment, under old McIntosh; knows John McIntosh, he was eighteen months old when she first saw him.

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (30 April 1911), 12 

Bibliography and resources:

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps 1789-1810 ([Canberra]: P. Statham, 1992), 348

B. and M. Chapman, "Private William Ternen", Australia's red coat regiments

TERRY, Mrs. Charles (Mrs. Chas. TERRY)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


Charles Terry, an inventor and mining speculator, was insolvent in December 1854, the same month that Cyrus Mason announced the publication of the Victorian waltz by his wife.


[Advertisement], The Age (16 December 1854), 1 

VICTORIAN WALTZ, composed by Mrs. Charles Leny [recte Terry]. Price 4s. CYRUS MASON, 35 Swanston Street.

[Advertisement], The Age (21 December 1854), 7 

VICTORIAN WALTZ, composed by Mrs. Charles Terry. Price 4s. CYRUS MASON, 35 Swanston Street.

Musical works:

The Victorian waltz (composed by Mrs. Chas. Terry) (Melbourne: Cyrus Mason. Lith, [1854])

Copy in album collected, c.1853-1856, by Marianne Rolfe Sargood, private collection


Cyrus Mason

TESTAR, Elizabeth (Miss Elizabeth TURNER; Mrs. Thomas Hitchins TESTAR)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Chatham, Kent, England, June 1819
Married Thomas Hitchins TESTAR (1821-1903), London, February 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 October 1850 (per Northumberland)
Died VIC, 20 March 1908, in her 89th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


As Miss E. Turner (with her elder sister Mary, "Miss Turner"), she appeared in London concerts during the 1840s. Testar arrived with her husband Thomas in October 1850, and made her Melbourne concert debut in December. She was Melbourne's principal resident soprano vocalist throughout the 1850s, appearing with visiting artists such as Lewis Lavenu, Anna Bishop, and Miska Hauser, and in 1859 also appearing in Sydney in Lavenu's University Musical Festival. In 1854, George Wathen noted:

the performances of Mrs. Testar, the prima donna of Melbourne, are duly appreciated and loudly applauded.


[Advertisement], The Musical World 17/25 (23 June 1842), 200


"MUSICAL CHIT CHAT", Illustrated London News (1 May 1847), 10

Mr. W. Rea gave the third and last of his Concerts of Classical Chamber Music, at Crosby Hall, on Tuesday evening . . . He is a clever and rising pianist, and played Beethoven's Sonata in flat with great skill. A pretty song of his writing, "The stormy night," sung by Mr. Ferrand, gained an encore; as also a ballad by J. J. Harte, "When the daylight departing," nicely sung by Miss E. Turner . . .

"SOCIETY OF BRITISH MUSICIANS", The Era [London] (16 January 1848), 11

The last concert of the series was given on Monday evening, and contained an unusual proportion of native compositions. The concert commenced with a manuscript quintet, in C minor, for pianoforte and stringed instruments, by Mr. Westrop; played by the composer, and Messrs. Thirlwall, Day, R. Blagrove, and Reed [ = Thomas Reed] . . . Spohr's beautiful trio, "Night's tingeing shades," was sung by Miss A. Hill, Miss E. Turner, and Miss Duval, accompanied by Mr. H. Boys, whose frequent presence at the pianoforte would be a welcome novelty at these concerts . . . A manuscript terzetto, "Sweet Zephyr's dainty breath" - a very elegant piece of part-writing, well adapted for the drawing-room - was nicely sung by Miss A. Hill, Miss E. Turner, and Miss Duval, and accompanied by the composer, Mr. Rockstro . . . A song by Mr. Rea, "I arise from dreams of thee," was sang by Miss E. Turner . . .

"UXBRIDGE", Windsor and Eton Express (13 January 1849)

At the Messrs. Birch's oratorical performance of sacred music, on Thursday evening, at the Public Rooms, there was great display talent, and the performers, although for the most part unknown to most of the audience, have established fair meed of approbation with the admirers of sacred music. The vocalists were the Misses Turner and the Misses Dubois; Mr. F. Smith and Mr. C. Kenny (all from the London Concerts), supported by good array of chorus singers. Miss E. Turner gave "The marvellous work" with great taste and effect, and was encored . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (28 October 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 December 1850), 1

George Henry Wathen, The golden colony, or, Victoria in 1854 (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1855), 44

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1859), 5

"THE MESSIAH ON CHRISTMAS EVE", The Argus (26 December 1864), 5

Mrs. Testar, who has long retired from public performance, appeared at short notice because of Miss O. Hamilton's illness, but she did not fail to prove that she retained all her well remembered powers. Bred in the best sacred musical school, she exhibited an exquisite taste and a delicacy of expression which many better singers of secular music often fail to give. Her crowning effort was the lovely air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth", and the audience would fain have heard it repeated. 

"Mrs. Testar. A FORGOTTON PRIMA DONNA", Table Talk (23 January 1891), 4 

. . . Miss Elizabeth Turner, who had made a considerable reputation for herself in London before coming to Melbourne, was born in Chatham, Kent, in June, 1819, and was thus only a few weeks younger than Her Majesty the Queen, herself then a puling infant in the lobster stage. Mr. Turner pere was a druggist and a clever man, with a head full of crotchets. He married, at the early age of twenty-one, a delicate wife who did not live long, but loft him with a son, Charles, whose son Charles, also, is now at the head of a business said to he the largest in London in the hands of one man. The name of Charles Turner, manufacturer, of Black Varnish, is even to be seen sometimes in the advertising columns of Australian papers. Mr. Turner waited until he was thirty before marrying a second time, but living until 87 he came very near celebrating his diamond wedding. His second wife - Miss Hetley - bore him twelve children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the seventh. Apparently she had brought ill-luck with her, for the family circumstances then began to be the reverse of satisfactory, and "unmerciful disaster followed faster and followed faster" until In 1827 the family removed to London, when the hand of fate stayed a little. The bringing up of a large family offers a rich field for a man with ideas of his own to try experiments in, and the result came nearly to leaving young Elizabeth without any training whatever. But it is hard to extinguish talent, especially when accompanied by great energy of character, as in this case. Present her older sister's pianoforte and singing lessons, the younger one listened and profited by the instruction given, so that for hours she would practise in the attics with the window open, where no one could hear her. That she was refused to be taught drawing did not prevent her trying to draw, until the drawing master one day, picking up some of her work, declared that his pupil had much improved. French she picked up from hearing it much spoken about her; German she taught herself with grammar and dictionary. At last she was permitted to learn drawing, and was placed first under Mons. Chastellan and then under Signor Pistrucci, and subsequently she studied at the British Museum and National Gallery. At last it was discovered that she had a voice like a bird, pure and sweet, and of wonderful flexibility; but she had been so diligent a student and so unremitting in her practice that she could already sing well, and it was thought that she did not need much more tuition. In fact Miss Turner never had more than about eighteen direct lessons in the whole course of her life. The first half-dozen or so of these were from Crouch, the best 'cellist of his day, but better remembered by posterity as the composer of "Kathleen Mavourneen." Crouch was so delighted with her voice and the intelligence of his pupil that he almost insisted upon her adopting the lyric stage, and then assuredly Melbourne would never have seen its favourite, Mrs. Testar. Parental authority, however, armed with the prejudices of Puritanism, still lingering in England, interposed a stern "No." The rest of Miss Turner's vocal instruction was received from B. and L. Negri, a father and son, well known in their day as teachers of singing, who may have been collateral or lineal descendants of the sisters Negri, who sang in England, under the direction of Handel, from 1733 to 1737. But better than any set instruction for this young and intelligent as well as enthusiastic creature was it to hear Grisi, Persiani, Mario, Lablache, Tamburini, the exquisite Clara Novello, the "divine" Malibran - in their very prime and pride. On these models she formed her style.

In course of time the Misses Mary and Elizabeth Turner became well-known on the concert platform, singing in conjunction with stars like Persiani and Madame Sainton-Dolby, but our heroine also earned a good deal of money by the accomplishment which had been so reluctantly conceded. She did a great deal of book illustrating and similar commissions of that kind. A commission received from one Campanari may be mentioned as illustrative of the "middleman," a personage still railed against and apparently not to be got rid of. Campanari had been commissioned to execute the illustrations for a work on Italian Antiquities, but he employed Miss Turner to execute the drawings, some of which had to be done at the British Museum, others at the houses of owners of some well-known vases. For those he paid her the munificent sum of eight guineas. Miss Turner was not allowed to put her name to the drawings, and was never even told the name of the book, and in fact never saw it printed. At last the usual fate befel Miss Turnor, and after a rather long engagement she married in February, 1850, Mr. Thomas Testar, a gentleman of French descent; the name having originally been "Testard." With her husband Testar left England in the good ship Northumberland on June 26, and arrived in Melbourne on October 20 of the same year.

We have seen how quickly Mrs. Testar became the favorite singer of Melbourne, and must briefly summarize her brilliant career . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 March 1908), 11

Bibliography and resources:

"Elizabeth Testar", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Indigenous musician, vocalist, bugler, dancer, circus performer

Active Scotland and Brisbane, QLD, 1840s-50s


"A Travelled Aboriginal", The Moreton Bay Courier (31 July 1852), 2

By the last trip of the Eagle and aboriginal native returned to Brisbane, for the purpose of visiting his relatives, who belong to Amity Point, in Moreton Bay. His native name is Tetaree, and his mother is tolerably well known by the name of Wogawai. About seven years ago a gentleman named Oliphant, who was about to return to Scotland, took with him Tetaree, then a young lad. He has since been in London and other parts of England, in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in Belfast and Antrim in Ireland. He returned to Sydney in the ship Bermondsey, a few weeks ago. His description of the sights he has seen is highly amusing. The great Exhibition, with its big house of glass; her Majesty the Queen "walking about" as he says; the Life Guards with their tin hats and long swords; the kelted Highlanders in Scotland; and the rapid flight of the puffing Railway carriages, have all been observed by Tetaree, who, by the bye, has now adopted the name of James Alexander. It appears from his statement that the performance at an equestrian circus had great attractions for him, he was himself employed for some time as a performer at Franconi's circus, in Edinburgh. Here he learned to stand upon a horse when in full gallop, and perform many of the feats usually witnessed at such places. His bugle imitations of popular tunes are very good, and he sings some of the Ethiopian Serenaders' songs with very creditable attempts at musical execution. He has learnt a polka tune to perfection, and goes through that popular dance with correctness. He says that he has danced it "with some ladies". He can write his name, and recognises the letters of the alphabet, which he pronounces with a strong Scottish accent. He heard talk, he says, of "the row in France", and under-stood that the Edinburgh soldiers wanted to fight the French soldiers, but the latter would not come. This impression has no doubt been caused on his mind by the talk of invasion, and the preparations lately made to resist it. Altogether, "James Alexander" is a curiosity. He came down as steward's assistant, we believe, in the Eagle. Of his future movements he seems to be uncertain; but his first object is to visit his friends at Amity Point.

Henry Stobart, Papers, NLA MS1033

All the Blacks have English names - Jackey or Tommy or Charlie &c. One young fellow called "Jimmy Alexander" who was as naked and savage as any of them had, strange t o say, been seven years in England, been taught to read and write and could talk English perfectly. He however pined, I suppose, after his own land and returned about 2 years and a half ago. For some little time he kept aloof from his own people and did work in Brisbane and dressed well; but, induced I suppose by his tribe , he returned to them and is again a perfect savage. He talked about England, danced a Polka for us, sang English songs and imitated the Flagoelet capitally. He said his people did not believe all the stories he was accustomed to tell about England. How strange it is that he should return again for this . . ..

Bibliography and resources:

W. R. F. Love, "Some references to Aboriginal life in the Moreton region from Stobart's journal 1853", Queensland archeological research 2 (1985), 58-70

Shirleene Robinson, "The unregulated employment of Aboriginal children in Queensland, 1842-1902", Labour history 82 (May 2002)

THACKERAY, Emily (Aimee; Mrs. WELCH)

Organist, composer

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1859


In 1870 her Song of Saul before his last battle (words by Byron; composed by Aimee, and dedicated to Sir Alfred Stephen) was advertised for sale in Sydney by J. R. Clarke. In England in 1870, she was elected a member of the College of Organists. At St. Paul's Maitland in June 1872, she introduced her anthem Praised be the Lord, and another vocal setting, Eloi Eloi lama sabacthani was printed in England by Novello, Ewer, and Co.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 September 1864), 1

"DESTRUCTION OF ST. ETHEL'S SCHOOL ROOM BY FIRE", The Maitland Mercury (1 December 1866), 4

"PRIVATE ORGAN RECITAL AT ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1868), 4

We were indebted to the courtesy of the Rev. J. E. Thackeray, for the opportunity of being present at a private organ recital, given by Miss Amy Thackeray, upon the grand instrument in St. Paul's Church, on Thursday evening. This young lady has devoted herself to the study of the noble instrument, which enabled her on the night in question to delight and charm the audience invited, and the result of the recital gave evidence of the mastery she has attained over every key, stop, and pedal. Miss Thackeray plays with a firmness, vigour, and delicacy of touch, a brilliancy of execution, and a feelingness of expression, which gave the fullest effect to the magnificent specimens of the masters which were presented . . . We must not omit to mention the brilliant extemporisations, by way of prelude to the various pieces, which the accomplished performer indulged in, to the gratification of the listeners . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1868), 4

"CHORAL SERVICE", The Maitland Mercury (29 June 1869), 4

"THE TWO MAITLANDS. No. II", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1869), 5

"FLOOD RELIEF COMMITTEE, WEST MAITLAND", The Maitland Mercury (7 May 1870), 3

"SOCIAL", Empire (18 May 1870), 3

On the 9th May, an organ recital was given in the Wesleyan Church, York-street, Sydney, by Miss Thackeray, organist of St. Paul's, Maitland, for the benefit of the sufferers by the late floods in the Maitland district. There was a good attendance, and the performance of Miss Thackeray elicited much admiration.

"ORGAN RECITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1870), 5

"ORGAN RECITAL IN SYDNEY", The Maitland Mercury (25 June 1870), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1870), 5

"MISS EMILY THACKERAY", The Maitland Mercury (6 September 1870), 2

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 September 1870), 21

"CONCERT AT EAST MAITLAND", The Maitland Mercury (5 January 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1872), 1

"THANKSGIVING SERVICE AT ST. PAULS'S", The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 July 1872), 1

JUST PUBLISHED. Price 1s. 6d, SONGS OF THE TWILIGHT No. 1, "ELOI ELOI, LAMA SABACTHANI", The Poetry by D. P. Carter, Esq., Hereford, England; the Music by Emily Thackeray, Organist of S Paul's, Maitland. LONDON NOVELLO, EWER, & CO.; WEST MAITLAND: W. LIPSCOMB.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1872), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 February 1873), 1

"MARRIAGE", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 May 1877), 33

"HOLY WEEK SERVICES AT ST. PAUL'S", The Maitland Mercury (29 March 1890), 4

THACKERAY, James R. (Rev'd)

Lecturer on music, Anglican priest

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1859 (father of Emily THACKERAY above)


"MAITLAND SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Maitland Mercury (3 September 1859), 3

"MEETINGS, LECTURES . . .", The Maitland Mercury (30 October 1860), 2

"THE REV. MR. THACKERAY'S LECTURE ON ENGLISH MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (12 May 1860), 3

"MUSICAL LECTURE", The Maitland Mercury (19 June 1860), 3

"WEST MAITLAND CHURCH UNION", The Maitland Mercury (2 April 1863), 2

"THE REV. JAMES R. THACKERAY", Illustrated Sydney News (15 April 1865), 1

THATCHER, Charles Robert (C. R. THATCHER; "Dick"; "the imimitable THATCHER")

Flautist, vocalist, songwriter, composer, bush poet

Born Bristol, England, 21 August 1830; birth registered Brighthelmstone, Sussex, 1837, son of Charles Robert and Sophia Matilda THATCHER
Arrived Melbourne, 24 November 1852 (per Isabella, from London, via Plymouth, 31 July)
Married Annie DAY VITELLI (1837-1917), Newtown, Geelong, VIC, 8 February 1861
Departed Australia, 1869 (for New Zealand and, 1870, California)
Died Shanghai, China, 18 September 1878 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Charles Thatcher (? 1867)



Thatcher was only recently arrived in Melbourne when he first appeared as flautist in a concert with several other recently arrived Londoners (including John Gregg and Edward Salaman) in December 1852.

The beginnings of his second public career, as a colonial songster, were described in the Argus in April 1854:

LITERATURE AT THE GOLD-FIELDS. - One of the chief attractions at the theatre here has been the songs composed and sung by Mr. Charles Thatcher, a digger, who has been engaged as a member of the orchestra. These songs have been extremely popular, and by their point and general merit, caught the notice of Mr. M'Donogh, when on a professional visit to Bendigo. This gentleman had copies of some dozen of the best printed in Melbourne, and they have since been circulated here. They bear the test of careful reading, much better than could have been expected, seeing that they were written merely for the passing moment. They are all humorous, abounding in local allusions, as a matter of course; and if circulated in England, would give a much better idea of life on the gold-fields than most of the elaborately written works upon them do.

He continued to play the flute throughout his Australian and New Zealand years. At an Orpheus Union concert in Melbourne in October 1867, The Argus reported:

Mrs. Perryman sang Bishop's "Lo, here the gentle lark", fairly enough, but the best part was the flute accompaniment of Mr. Thatcher, whose real powers as an instrumentalist were new to those who had only heard of him as a comic singer.


Register of births, Salem Chapel, Bond Street (Baptist), Brighton; UK National Archives, RG4/2940 

Charles Robert, son of Charles Robert Thatcher, and Sophia Matilda his wife of the Parish of Brighthelmstone . . . was born on the [21 August 1830]. Registered [6 January 1837] . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 May 1853), 11 

FLUTE. - Mr. Charles R. Thatcher, pupil of Clinton, Professor at the Royal Academy, has commenced giving instructions on the Flute; applications to be addressed to him at the Queen's Theatre.

"THE BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS TO AUSTRALIA", The Brighton gazette [England] (2 June 1853), 5

In another part of the paper will found extracts from letter with which we have been favoured by the parents or friends of those who have emigrated to that land of promise, the gold fields of Australia. We say favoured, because many of those who receive letters from their relatives abroad do not wish to appear desirous of parading their names before the public. The publication of these lettera, however, is actually a boon to the public, because they are characterised by a truthfulness unmistakeable, and must have weight with those who have thoughts of emigrating. Many who have received letters by the "Sarah Sands" are most most averse to seeing them in print.

Our readers may gather from the letters which we publish to-day that the gold diggings continue to be perfect lottery, but that the odds are completely against the emigrants with few exceptions, such as carpenters, bricklayers, and persons employed in building. How many a clerk who left a comfortable home to seek bhs fortune in Australia, bitterly repents the hour when he made up his mind to leave his native land. But even now we believe that hale, hearty and sinuous persons are capable of realising a good living in Australia; it is the hardy sons of toil who are most likely to enrich themselves. All accounts agree in the fact that murder and rapine stalk that country unmolested; and a singular instance of bare-faced robbery and violence is given in the letter of Mr. Godden.

It is, perhaps, rather remarkable that not one of the Brighton party appears to have been successful at the diggings. Some have laboured hard, whilst others have scarcely put a spade into the ground, when they have either given up in despair or become disgusted with the scenes around them, and returned to Melbourne almost penniless. Mr. Hamblin, head cook at the Bedford Hotel, has received letter from his brother, who left good situation to go out to Tahiti; but having the gold fever must needs try his luck at the diggings. He failed, as many hundreds have done besides, and has written to say that he is now returning to Tahiti, where has a brother in business. Three companions who went out in the same ship with him had £35 each, when they landed in Australia; and they were soon reduced almost to beggary.

Mr. Thatcher's son has sent a letter to his parents, on the King's Road, giving a very discouraging account of the country, more especially of the state of society. This letter is fully corroborated in that respect by another received from the son of Mr. Evans, green grocer and fruiterer, Western Road. Among other letters received here, we learn that Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, and Mr. Alfred Chate, son of Mr. Chate, Bedford Place, are playing at promenade concerts, the former as leader, at £5 5s. a week, the latter, at £4 4s. We believe that Thatcher's son is also with them, deriving a similar emolument from music. Mr. Bryer, the dancing master, is in Melbourne, under the assumed name of Jones; and Mr. John Fleeson has taken the name of Fortune . . .

"THE GOLD DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette (2 June 1853), 7

Extract of a letter to Mr. Pointer, of the Windmill Inn . . .
Port Phillip, Melbourne, Jan. 23d, 1853.
My dear friend, . . . I am now staying at Melbourne . . .
Thatcher and Tucker are playing at a sort of cider callar, and get 30s. per night . . .
Your sincere friend, ALBERT GOODEN.

"LETTER FROM A BRIGHTON EMIGRANT", Brighton Gazette (6 October 1853), 7

I beg to forward, per Mr. Alfred Martin, a few incidents respecting Brighton friends and the colony, according to a promise made to several people at Brighton before leaving.
John Tucker has gone to Sydney, to play at the concerts.
Alfred Chate ditto ditto Henry Edwards (King's Road) ditto
Stephen Cotterill ditto to assist ditto . . .
William Pritchard has just arrived with Brighton Gold Company.
Joshua Vines, ditto, and is in the Treasury.
Evan Evans, (Western Road), at McEwan and Co.'s, Ironmongers.
Nias (East Street) has gone home to England.
John Vincent (Surrey Street) is assistant to a grocer.
James Bickford arrived here per ship Africa. He called on me, and told the following: -
"I have left England unknown to anyone; not even does my wife or her friends know of my coming . . . I send his own words, thinking they may throw some light on his sudden departure.
Richard Millsom Butcher has been doing nothing here; and is, I believe, living in a tent, or gone to the Diggings.
Henry Scarborow is working at his trade here.
Henry Pepper and Den. Killick are doing well at sash making.
Thus much do I know of some of the Brighton party. As source of congratulation, I have not heard of single death among any of your townsmen here . . .
Now for colonial news. Ships arrive in numbers; and I am sorry to add that thousands land here, sometimes in the drenching rain, without money, and no place lay their heads. Think of that, ye Brightoners, who may be discontented with your condition. Truly Shakespeare's lines are applicable:
"Better by far to bear the ills we have.
Than fly to others that we know not of."
And never will you know the miseries of being houseless and in a foreign country till you are actually experiencing the same. Bank or other clerks should keep at home, perched on their respective stools; or they may be "off their perch" when they arrive. A man, named Snow, starts from this port to day, in a search after Franklyn [Sir John Franklin]. Drinking kills its thousands here; but misery and privation its tens of thousands.
Milk and potatoes are great luxuries here. Now for a list of present prices:
Bread, 1s 6d. the 41b. loaf; butter, 3s. 6d. a pound; fresh ditto, 4s. 6d.; cheese, 2s. 6d.; milk, 2s. quart (think of that, old maids, when yon take in your ha'porth); potatoes, 3d. pound; eggs, 7d. each; rabbits, 15s. each; ducks, 16s.; mutton, 5d. a pound; beef, 4d.; English ale, 2s. quart; currants, 2s. pound; sugar, 3 1/2 d; apples, 1s, and 1s. 6d. a pound; coffee, 1s. 6d.; tea, 2s.; two-roomed houses let for £3 to £5 per week.
Now in conclusion, people of Brighton, look before you leap. Many have done right in coming, myself among the number; others curse the day they left.
Remember - "Fools rush in Where angels fear to tread."
Your obedient servant, CHARLES R. THATCHER.

"LITERATURE AT THE GOLD FIELDS", The Argus (7 April 1854), 5

"Correspondence. LOCAL HITS. TO THE EDITOR", Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle (14 January 1864), 2

"THE ORPHEUS UNION CONCERT", The Argus (15 October 1867), 7

"THE THATCHER COMPANY", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (31 January 1870), 2 

This company, consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher, Mr. John Small, Mr. Daniels, and Mr. Salaman (pianist), after a more than average season at Canterbury and Nelson, arrived at Dunedin, from the north, by the Tararua, and were shortly to open in Duuedin.

"MR. THATCHER'S LATEST EXPLOIT [From the Oamaru Times], The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (2 June 1870), 3 

"Theatricals in California (From the Australasian)", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (26 November 1870), 3 

The latest dates (Sept. 13), from the city of the golden gate, San Francisco, supply several interesting items of gossip in the dramatic world of that metopolis . . . Mr. Charles Thatcher, comic singer, author, and conchologist, as he is called by many people, arrived here by the last steamer from New Zealand. He has not yet shown, but is in treaty for Maguire's Opera House for a season . . .

"THE VICTORIAN IN LONDON [FROM OUR, LONDON .CORRESPONDENT] 24th March", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (20 May 1871), 23 

. . . A less distinguished individual, the once "inimitable" Thatcher, has recently arrived in town from the United States. Mr. Thatcher is now a speculator in works of art and articles of virtu, and visits the continent occasionally as a purchaser of this description of merchandise . . .

"Selling a Singer", The Daily Northern Argus (11 July 1877), 3 

"ENTERTAINMENTS", The Australasian (9 November 1878), 18 

. . . in connexion with "Macbeth," I have to mention that the part of Hecate will not be played by Miss Lydia Howarde, in consequence of her having received the news of the death of her husband, Mr. C. R. Thatcher, at Shanghai, on the 18th of September, of cholera. Mr. Thatcher was formerly well known in Victoria and afterwards in New Zealand, as a vocalist, humourist, and composer. Latterly, he has lived a -good deal in India and China, where he has been engaged in making collections of shells and curiosities generally.

"DEATH OF MR. C. R. THATCHER", Bendigo Advertiser (9 November 1878), 3

To many of the present residents of Sandhurst Charles Thatcher will only be known by name. But by all old Bendigonians he will be well remembered, and the news of his death from cholera at Shanghai will be received by them with deep regret. In the glorious days of gold-digging, when through the enterprise of Mr. William Heffernan the public of Sandhurst were supplied nightly with free concerts at the Shamrock Hotel, the performers at which consisted of the very highest talent, male and female, vocal and instrumental, obtainable in the colony, the appearance of Mr. Thatcher on the stage was always looked for with interest and often with impatience. He was always ready with a song of his own composing on some local subject, and so happy were his hits, and so racy and piquant was his style, although he had only an indifferent voice, that amongst vocalists of the highest order he ranked as first popular favorite, and was generally known as "the Inimitable Charley." He has left the colony for some years, and has been travelling in China and Japan, where he employed him self in making valuable collections of curios, by which means it is said he made a good deal of money. It is to be feared the following notice of his death, which we clip from the Argus, is only too true, although we would fain indulge the hope that there may be some mistake. Mr. Thatcher, whilst one of the most clever and amusing public performers we ever met with, was withal a thoroughly steady and saving man, and a good citizen. We can only say we have read the subjoined paragraph with a very sad feeling, as will every one who had the pleasure of knowing the deceased gentleman: - "A Shanghai paper just received records the death of Mr. C. R. Thatcher, formerly of Sandhurst and New Zealand. Mr. Thatcher died of cholera, and was not ill more than a few hours. He was a brother of Mr. Richmond Thatcher, agent of Miss Ada Ward, who is now at Adelaide. As a comic vocalist he was, some years ago, quite an institution at Sandhurst on account of the facility with which he took up local subjects and humorously dealt with them in the songs he used to sing. More lately he had profitably employed his ability as a naturalist in making collections in India and China for private museums and other purposes.

"A Veteran Singer [Troy Knight]", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (19 April 1902), 992-93 

. . . At our request Mr. Knight jotted down this skeleton record of his career . . . In returning through Bendigo, I met Mr. Robert Heir, who persuaded me to play Gaspar in "The Lady of Lyons" for just one night. The actor was ill, and they were in a fix. I played three nights, and met with a great reception, because I was well known. Thatcher at that time was giving concerts at Heffernan's and was the meanest man I ever knew in the profession. He actually shouted for me, and I wondered what was the matter, but in the morning I was leaving my bedroom door open and in walked Thatcher to get me to stop for his benefit and join him for a month, £20 a week and expenses. I told him I had done with the profession as I had promised my wife, so I went home next morning.


. . . A BUSH POET. "Dick" Thatcher, a really remarkable man, was flautist, singer, poet, and conchologist. His collections and his knowledge of shells were unique. It was, however, as a bush poet that he was known through the length and breadth of the mining districts. His songs "Bullocks Won't Go Without Swearing" and "The Drunken Parson" were sung at hundreds of camp fires. I travelled with him on one of his tours. We would arrive about 6 o'clock in the evening. He would go at once to the principal hotel, get into touch with the landlord or barman, and learn all the recent happenings at the camp, and anything else of local interest. I had a book containing popular tunes, and with the help of his rhyming dictionary he would before 8 o'clock have composed half a dozen sets of verses on local topics, desciibing to the astonished andience their latest doings. There might not be a full house the first evening, but we were sure of one on the next.

Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Anderson, "Thatcher, Charles Robert (1831-1878)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)



Born at sea (per Aldinga), 20 August 1863
Died 23 August 1933, aged 70 years


"BIRTH", The Argus (26 August 1863), 4 

THATCHER. - On the 20th inst., at sea, on board the Aldinga, the wife of Mr. C. R. Thatcher of a son.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (1 March 1924), 13

THATCHER. - In loving memory of my dear wife . . . Elizabeth . . . Inserted by her loving husband, George Thatcher, musician . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 August 1933), 1

THATCHER - On the 23rd August, at the Alfred Hospital, George Thatcher 9 Dean street, Moonee Ponds . . . aged 70 years.

THAYER, Kate (Miss Kate THAYER, Madame Kate THAYER)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1881 (per City of Sydney, from San Francisco)
Departed Adelaide, SA, January 1884 (per Caledonian, for London)
Died London, England, 14 December 1914


Kate Thayer, New York 1879

Image (New York, 1879, above) 


Kate Thayer arrived in Australia in 1881 as a member of Wilhelmj Concert Company. For Wilhelmj in Sydney in July and Kowalski in Melbourne in August, she sang the Queen of the Night's aria from Mozart's Magic Flute (previously introduced to Australia by Ilma de Murska and Carlotta Patti). She and her husband and agent, W. E. Chapman, settled in Adelaide in 1882, where Chapman worked as a journalist, and she teaching and singing until the end of 1883, whereafter they sailed for London.


"Amusements", Evening News (27 June 1881), 3

Herr August Wilhelmj, the great violinist, whose fame has spread into all lands, is on board the in-coming mail steamer from San Francisco. The lovers of music may therefore expect to shortly hear the violin in the hands of a master, the equal of whom has never visited our city before. The company of which Herr Wilhelmj is the star, includes Miss Kate Thayer (soprano), and Herr Vogrich (pianist), both of whom have been enthusiastically praised by the American Press.

"KOWALSKI'S EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (15 August 1881), 6

. . . A new prima donna made her first appearance in Melbourne on this occasion. Miss Kate Thayer is a lady of elegant appearance. Her voice is a soprano of high and resonant quality, her execution correct, facile, and extremely brilliant. Her qualifications as an artiste were at once admitted and approved in the great outburst of applause which followed the conclusion of her first aria, the celebrated " Gli Angui d' Inferno,' from the 'Flauto Magico' of Mozart. Her performance of the high staccato passages in this remarkable and beautiful composition, to an excellent accompaniment played by Signor Zelman, was of a kind which has not been heard here of late, and the first impression she made was wholly in her favour. This impression was confirmed and improved by her subsequent performances. In the second part of the programme she sang "La Capricciosa," a vocal waltz by Mattei - a decidedly taking composition showing great variety of brilliant ornamentation, which was executed by Miss Thayer with such verve and finish as to gain for her the honour of an uproarious encore. To this demand she replied by singing " The Postilion," by Abt, a highly ornate and very charming morceau, requiring much facility in execution to do it justice, and rendered by this lady in perfect style. Miss Thayer had gained another encore previous to this, when she sang "Comin' thro' the rye," after the Mozart air first mentioned. Her final performance was in a charming little song, "We banish love," written by the late Mr Marcus Clarke and composed by Henri Kowalski. It forms part of an opera which M. Kowalski has just finished. The tune is tender and grave, and is very sweetly modulated, and it was sung by Miss Thayer with very good feeling. It is of a kind which would be best appreciated in the scene in which it is properly set - we do not think it bears transplanting to the platform of a great promenade concert. In dismissing the name of Miss Thayer for the present, we may conclude by saying that she thoroughly deserved the hearty reception and approval she met with.

"MISS KATE THAYER", The South Australian Advertiser (19 August 1882), 7

"SUMMARY PER IBERIA", South Australian Register (14 January 1884), 6 

By the Caledonien Madame Kate Thayer, the well-known vocalist, and her husband. Mr. W. E. Chapman, formerly of the Register staff, left for England, where Madame Thayer will pursue her professional career.

[News], South Australian Register (18 August 1893), 4

Madame Kate Thayer. Mr. P. A. Howells has received a letter from Madame Thayer, who will be remembered as one of the most popular concert artists that has appeared in Adelaide. The lady is now in London, where, since her return from an American tour, she has been assiduously studying under high-class masters. The result has been a marked improvement in the quality of her voice. Accepting but few offers for the platform, she has been professionally engaged principally in teaching and lecturing. Madame Thayer, being desirous of renewing her pleasant relations with the patrons of music in this city, wishes to negotiate for an Adelaide season. Her return would be hailed with pleasure by all those who remember her highly cultivated voice and artistic singing.

"PERSONAL NOTES FROM ENGLAND", The Register (20 July 1903), 6

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", Evening News (10 February 1915), 6

The many friends of Mme. Kate Thayer will learn with regret of her death, which took piece on December 14 at Pillimore Place, W. Since the foundation of the Lyceum Club, Mme. Thayer had bean one of its keenest supporters and most prominent members. Since the foundation of the American Club, Mme. Thayer held the position of president, only resigning it last November on account of ill health. Both in Australia and England she was widely known; and for many years she devoted her time and energies to her "Scholarships for Women Scheme" on similar lines (she hoped) to the Rhodes scholarships.

"EARLY PRESS CLUBS", The Mail (18 May 1918), 3 

Another notable man at that time was W. E. Chapman, who introduced the column called "Crumbs" into the "Journal." He married Madame Kate Thayer, a famous singer of the day. Chapman's mental endurance was remarkable. He could work all day, play cards all night, and never apparently require any sleep.


"Violinist and Negro Comedian", minstrel performer, vocalist, pianist (of Totten's Harmoneons)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1854), 1

"TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS", South Australian Register (14 November 1854), 3

THEE, John Henry

Amateur musician, composer, grazier (Europambela Station)

Active New England, NSW, 1860s
Died ? Granville, NSW, 1917


"DONATIONS TO THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1864), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1864), 10

Musical work:

The New England polka (arranged for the piano-forte by Alfred Anderson) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1864]) 

THEOBALD, Robert Bishop

Professor of music and languages, orchestral musician, composer, schoolmaster

Born England, c.1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 June 1853, aged 36 (assisted emigrant, per Bolton)
Died Newcastle, NSW, 24 January 1876, in the 59th year of his age (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Theobald and his family arrived in NSW as assisted emigrants in 1853 (NSWSR). He advertised in Sydney as a professor of music and languages in 1859. From 1867 or earlier he ran the Collegiate School in Newcastle. A former pupil recalled in 1936:

There was a collegiate school established in the sixties by Mr. Kenny, and carried on after his death by Mr. R. B. Theobald, one of the best teachers I have known, and a most lovable man. I have heard that he was an English master at Dulwich College, England.


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 August 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1859), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1859), 6

[Advertisement], Empire (27 March 1862), 1

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1862), 5

"DEATH", Empire (18 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1868), 1

"THE KIAMA MYSTERY EXPLAINED", Empire (29 September 1868), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (11 May 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1870), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1870), 3

"New Music", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1870), 3

"The Volunteer Artillery Brigade Band", Empire (2 August 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1874), 8

"The Cricketers' Quadrille", Australian Town and Country Journal (4 April 1874), 23

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1874), 6

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 November 1874), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1876), 1

"HISTORIC SCHOOLS. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1936), 8

Musical works

The Rosella schottische (Sydney: Published by the Author, [1859]) 

The cricketers' quadrille (dedicated to the "united elevens" of Victoria and New South Wales by Th. E. O., an old English player") (1 L'assemblée des jouers, 2 Le premier jeu des Anglais, 3 Les premier jeu de Alliés; 4 Le second jeu des Anglais, 5 Victoire pour les Alliés) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1862]) 

Galatea polka (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1868]) 

La mystère de Kiama (polka mazurka pour le piano) ("respectfully dedicated to the wives and daughters of Australian politicians") (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1869]) 

The "Kiama Mystery" referred to claims, made by Henry Parkes in a speech at Kiama, that the assassination attempt on Prince Alfred in March 1868 had been the result of a conspiracy; see Lyne's Life of Sir Henry Parkes

Prince Arthur's march (Newcastle: Published by the Author, [1870]) 

The prince's return (polka mazurka) (Newcastle: Published by R. B. Theobald, [1870]) 

The cricketers' quadrille (third edition; by Robert B. Theobald) (Sydney: For the composer by E. Turner, [1874]) 

The Barnstaple Manor quadrille composed and respectfully dedicated to Mrs. B. C. Rodd by Robt. B. Theobold, Esq. (Sydney: published by James C. Fussell, n.d.) 

THÉRÈSE, Mademoiselle (Mdlle. THÉRÈSE; THERESE)

= SCHMIDT, Thérèse



Active Portland, VIC, 1866


The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 232

THIERRY, Charles de

Piano teacher, composer, traveller

Born ? Netherlands, 1793
Died Auckland, NZ, 8 July 1864, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"NEW MUSIC", Empire (26 May 1862), 4

. . . We may also notice that the lithography of some new music called the "Waitematta Polka," composed by Baron de Thierry, in allusion to a river of that name in New Zealand, has been most creditably executed by the same publisher [James Fussell], for Webb's eminent Music Hall, at Auckland.

Musical works:

The Waitemata polka (Sydney: James C. Fussell, n.d. [1862])

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Taylor, The past and present of New Zealand; with its prospects for the future (London: William Macintosh, 1868), 263-66

J. D. Raeside, "Thierry, Charles Philippe Hippolyte de", Dictionary of New Zealand biography 1 (1990)

"Charles de Thierry", Wikipedia 


THIODON, Eugénie = Mrs. Edward KING

THIODON, Josephine Pauline = Mrs. Thomas Henry ASPINALL (Madame THIODON; ASPINALL-THIODON)


Born c. 1818
Died Petersham, NSW, 13 July 1904, aged 85 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

THIODON, Aspinal = Thomas Henry ASPINALL (Aspinall THIODON)

THIODON, Tom = Thomas Henry ASPINALL, junior

Musician, magician, vocalist, teacher of music and dancing, composer, piano tuner

Born c. 1857
Died NSW, October 1915

THIODON, Madame (Miss Minnie Cunningham KING; Sarah Mary Cunningham THIODON-ASPINALL)

Pianist, teacher of piano and music

Died Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, 20 January 1930 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Marriages", Evening News (17 April 1879), 2 

THIODON - KING. - April 5 at St. James's, by the Rev. J. Hough, Thomas Henry, youngest son of Aspinall Thiodon, Esq., of the Royal Polytechnic, Pitt-street, to Minnie Cunningham, only daughter of Frederick Augustus King, Esq., of Torquay, England.


Hero and Leander, an entirely novel operatic extravaganza in two acts, libretto by Anna King; incidental music by T. Thiodon (Brisbane: H. J. Whittington, 1881) 

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Bradshaw, "Thiodon's wonders: a mechanical theatre in nineteenth-century Australia" [article in special issue: Puppetry and visual theatre in Australia and New Zealand], Australasian Drama Studies 51/2 (October 2007), 18-35 

THIRKELL, Christiana Matilda (Mrs H. W. THIRKELL; formerly Mrs. Alfred NASH)

Professor of Music, pianist, harmonium player, composer

Born Lincoln, England, 1822; baptised St. Swithun's, Lincoln, 17 December 1822, daughter of William and Ester HUDDLESTONE
Married (1) Alfred NASH (c. 1813-1855), Lincoln, England, 21 August 1845
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854
Married (2) Henry William THIRKELL, Gawler, SA, 16 July 1857
Died Adelaide, SA, 31 March 1861

Christina+Matilda+Huddleston+Nash+Thirkell+1822-1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Alfred Nash, organist of St John's, Adelaide, advertised that she was giving lessons in pianoforte, organ and singing in July 1853. After her husband, sexton of the public cemetery, died in August 1855, leaving her with four small children, she briefly set up an infants school. She was left temporarily destitute and without a piano on which to teach after her second husband was declared insolvent in 1858. She resumed teaching, however, and in October 1860 Penman and Galbraith published her Volunteer waltz (no copy identified). She died after giving birth to a stillborn child in March 1861.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1854), 1

"DIED", South Australian Register (6 August 1855), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 August 1855), 1

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 August 1855), 1 

SCHOLASTIC. MRS. ALFRED NASH begs to inform her friends and the inhabitants of Adelaide that, being now left a Widow with four young children, she intends OPENING a LADIES' SCHOOL, in Hobson's-place Schoolroom, as soon as the necessary arrangements are completed. Terms can be known on application at The Cemetery, West-terrace; or to The Rev. J. Pollitt, St. Luke's Parsonage, Sturt-street, to whom reference is kindly allowed. Mrs. NASH continues giving Private Lessons on the Pianoforte, Harmonium, and in Singing. The Cemetery, West-terrace, August 14, 1855.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 July 1856), 1 

MUSIC. MRS. NASH is prepared to receive PUPILS for INSTRUCTION on the PIANOFORTE, at her residence, Wright-street, opposite St. Luke's Church. Schools and Families attended. Adelaide, July 7, 1856.

"CONSECRATION OF ST. LUKE'S CHURCH", South Australian Register (15 February 1856), 3

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (6 August 1857), 2

"DESTITUTE BOARD", South Australian Register (13 July 1858), 3

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (15 March 1859), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 September 1860), 1

"NEW VOLUNTEER WALTZ", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1860), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER WALTZ", The South Australian Advertiser (8 November 1860), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER WALTZ. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (10 December 1860), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (2 April 1861), 2

THIRKELL - On the 31st March, after giving birth to a stillborn infant, Christiana Matilda, the beloved wife of Mr. H. W. Thirkell, of West-terrace, aged 35 years, deeply lamented. Her end was peace.

THOM, Bream (Bream THOM; Mr. THOM; Mr. B. THOM)

Violinist, orchestra leader

Married Eliza Allen PHILLIPS, St. Nicholas, Brighton, England, 5 September 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1852 (per Statesman, from Gravesend, 22 June 1852, and Portsmouth, 28 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 28 December 1855 (per Blackwall, for London)
Died Westow Hill, England, 2 January 1867 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

THOM, Eliza Allen (? Eliza Anne; Miss PHILLIPS; Mrs. THOM)

Actor, ? vocalist (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


At Melbourne's Thursday Evening Concerts in 1853, it was reported:

Mr. Thom, as leader, deserves great credit for the manner in which he has got together his band at so short a notice, as well as for the masterly style in which the instrumental performances were executed, not forgetting his own beautifully performed fantasia on the violin.

Later, Thom led Lewis Lavenu's orchestras in Melbourne in July 1855, both in concert at the Exhibition Building with Catherine Hayes, and at the Theatre Royal; as the Argus reported:

The orchestra has been well organised by Mr. Thom, and its members consist of the 'pick' of our colonial instrumentalists.

His wife, former Miss Phillips of the Haymarket Theatre, was perhaps the daughter of a "Mrs. Phillips", also active in the Theatre in Melbourne in 1855.

In the 1920s, Alfred Montague remembered a violinist "E. Hancock-Thom", which, if not mis-remembered, perhaps indicates some relationship between him and Mr. and Mrs. Edward Hancock.


[Advertisement], Coventry Standard [England] (11 March 1842), 1

GRAND CONCERT. MR. GORE HAS the honour of announcing to the Nobility and Gentry of Coventry and its vicinity, that he intends give a Grand VOCAL & INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT, ON TUESDAY, MARCH 15, 1842, At Saint Mary's Hall, Coventry. PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS. MISS BIRCH, From the Nobility's Concerts, London. MR. HARRISON, Of the Cathedral, Lichfield. SOLO VIOLIN AND LEADER OF THE BAND, M. BREAM THOM, Late of Paris, now of the Queen's Concerts, Brighton . . .

"COUNTY COURT", Brighton Gazette [England] (20 February 1851), 6

RICHARD HENRY NIBBS the elder v. GEORGE MONTAGUE HICKS, otherwise BELCOUR. Claim of £3 4s. for preparing overture for the Christmas Pantomime at the Theatre. The money was ordered to be paid immediately.

BREAM THOM v. SAME. - Claim of £9, balance due for supplying the theatre with music, at £8 week. - To be paid forthwith.

[News], Brighton Gazette [England] (20 March 1851), 5

The Brighton Amateur Symphony Society gave their first public entertainment of the season last evening at the Town Hall, when, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the large room was nearly filled by a fashionable company. This Society has opened what may be termed a school for classical music; and the performance yesterday evening afforded a rich treat to the lovers of good music. Haydn's symphony, No. 10 in E flat, and Beethoven's No. 2 in D, are replete with grand and imposing effects, and the instrumentation throughout was admirable. A duet of Donizetti from Marino Faliers, arranged for horn and bassoon, was exquisitely rendered by Herr Koenig, band master of the 8th Royal Irish Hussars, and M. Leuliette; and the whole performance went off with great eclat. The orchestra was about forty strong, including some fourteen or fifteen professionals, with Mr. Thom as leader.

[News], Brighton Gazette [England] (4 March 1852), 5

Mr R. Carte, the author of a book of instructions for the Boehm Flute, delivered the members of the Brighton Athenaeum, on Monday evening, a lecture on music, or, as the bills announced it, "the changes which have taken place in the character and form of instrumental composition, classical and unclassical." The illustrations were by Mr. Thom, violin; the lecturer, violin and flute; violincello, Mr. R. H. Nibbs; violin and pianoforte, M. De Paris . . .

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette [England] (10 June 1852), 5

TOWN HALL, BRIGHTON. - THIS EVENING. AMATEUR SYMPHONY SOCIETY. Extra night, for the benefit of Mr. N. COOKE . . . Leader, MR. THOM. Pianoforte, Mr. E. DE PARIS . . .

See also summary "Fifty years ago", 1902 below

"EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 June 1852), 7

The news from the "diggings" continues to be encouraging, and numbers are about to quit this town for the Australian colony. Some fifty or more purpose leaving Brighton this morning, to embark on board the "Statesman," which was towed down the Thames to Gravesend on Saturday afternoon, from which place she sailed on Tuesday afternoon for Portsmouth, and is intended to leave the latter place to-morrow. Among those who are either going or gone, are Mr. Mussell, North Street, and his son George; Mr Wight, the landlord of the Regent Hotel; Mr. Thom (musician) and wife . . . Mr. Tucker, jun., musician . . . Mr. J. Bambridge, musician . . . Mr. Alfred Chate, tailor [also a musician] . . .

"BRIGHTON AMATEUR SYMPHONY SOCIETY", Brighton Gazette [England] (25 November 1852), 5

. . . During the past year the society sustained two serious losses, one the person of its indefatigable Secretary, Mr. Woledge . . .. the other in that of Mr. Thom, the Leader, who has quitted this town for Australia.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (14 January 1853), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5

"AMATEUR SYMPHONY SOCIETY", Brighton Gazette [England] (12 May 1853), 4

. . . If our recollection serves us correctly, this Symphony Society originated with a few individuals, some eight or nine years ago, with Mr. Thom as leader, and Mr. Nibbs, jun., a powerful adjunct in the bass department. In fact, it was a mere septette party, including Mr. henry Woledge, his brother, Mr. F. Woledge, Mr. P. Black, Mr. Streeter, Mr. Verly, &c. . . . till a silent and melancholy check was put upon the exertions of the Society by the death of . . . Mr. Woledge, and the subsequent change of residence of Mr. Thom, its leader, who left England to seek his fortune on the shores of Australia . . .

"THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (3 November 1853), 7

A great number of letters from Brighton emigrants have lately been received here their friends . . . Mr. Henry Chate, tailor, has received a letter from his son. It appears that he has been with Winterbottom's musical corps in Sydney; and has done pretty well. They have latterly returned to Melbourne. Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, is the leader. He is called at Melbourne the English Paganini. Mr. Thom, who also went from Brighton, is engaged at the Theatre in Geelong. He leads the orchestra, and Mrs. Thom is engaged as an actress. Mrs. Thom took her benefit the Theatre, on July 16th, when nearly £100 was taken at the doors. Mr. Thom took his benefit the next night, and £107 was taken. The performances were Guy Mannering and a Concert. Many of our readers will doubtless remember Mr. Creed Royal, an excellent flute player. He is engaged in the same orchestra as Mr. Thom.

"Music, Singing, &c. (Professors of)", The Geelong commercial directory and almanac for 1854 (Geelong: For the proprietors, 1854), (61-) 62 

Hancock, Mrs. E. myers-street, East; Royal, Mrs. Creed, Ryrie-Street; Royal, Mr. Creed do.; Thom, B. Malop-street; Swift, Mr. Yarra-street, South

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1854), 8

"GEELONG", The Argus (25 November 1854), 5

"M. COULON", The Argus (30 November 1854), 5

"THE QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus (27 December 1854), 4

"MUSICAL WELCOME TO MR. G. V. BROOKE", The Argus (26 February 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL CHIT-CHAT", The Argus (9 April 1855), 5

"THE CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (9 July 1855), 5

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (16 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (17 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (19 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL. MR. AND MRS. THOM"S BENEFIT", The Argus (20 November 1855), 4-5 

We were glad to find that the public appreciation of the merits of Mr. and Mrs. Thom was manifested in, no doubt to the beneficiaires, the most pleasant manner by a large attendance last evening at the Theatre Royal on the occasion of their benefit. In the announcement in yesterday's issue of this journal of the performances for the evening, reference was made to the high desert of this meritorious couple, and it was gratifying to find that our opinion was so generally coincided in. The colonial stage does not possess a more useful and intelligent actress than Mrs. Thom, of whom it has been truly said that she never did aught but embellish any part she undertook. Our readers well know that we are not given to fulsome adulation, but it is indeed a pleasant duty to award praise which has been well earned. In no instance of our recollection has this reward been so unqualifiedly merited than in the case of Mrs. Thom, whom the Victorian boards can ill afford to lose. Her husband shares with her the public esteem; the fine band of the Theatre Royal, which he organised, may be pointed to as being an admirable example of his professional tact. As has been already stated, Mr. and Mrs. Ihom leave shoitly for England, by the Blackwall. We hope, however, for the sake of the of the public of this colony, that their absence will be but temporary - the shorter, indeed, the better . . .

The following address, written by Mr. W. M. Akhurst expressly for the occasion, was spoken by Mrs. Thoms, who appearance was greeted with the most enthusiastic applause: -

Few moments are there in the Actor's days,
When to the world his own true part he plays,
His life is one of mimicry, and when
He walks the pathways of his fellow-men,
There seems a magic circle round him thrown
Marking him isolated, and unknown
So when he quits the stage that many a year,
Has bounded all the hopes of his career,
The audience seldom his own loss lament,
But only what he used to represent.

But now our case a different feature shows;
If aught is missed - twill be mvsolf and spouse
No Norma lost to the colonial boards,
No Miska Hauser's single string and chords.
No star goes out with me - upon my honor,
No prime Tragedian, or Prima Donna,
Merely a walking lady - who has got
A most uncnviable and stupid lot,
Which renders her (the fate you'll own a seedy 'un)
An easy victim to the light comedian
And in my husband 'twould require no riddler,
At once to recognise - the plainest fiddler.

Still let us hope, since you have been our hosts
That, though no friendly walls, and genial posts,
Have reddened with our names, as though from drink
And not with "Argus Jobbing Office" ink,
The walking lady's simpers and grimaces
Have promenaded into your good graces
And, though you may not fasten up a hatchment,
To show my spouse your violint attachment,
You still may deem that in this same locality,
Some good's been done by his instrumentality.

Oh! let us cherish hopes like these I say;
Indeed we've had assurance that we may;
Your generous sympathies, so oft displayed,
Our future lightened by your kindly aid,
Demand our gratitude - a trifling proof,
To say we honor the colonial roof,
Or, that we'll recommend (for so we ought)
The school where that scarce sentiment is taught.

The walking lady (myself understood),
Bids you farewell! her memory is good,
And ever faithful to a kindness done
From you she has experience many a one.
The violinist also says "good bye,"
And, being constitutionally shy,
Begs me - but there I'II break off in tho middle,
His motto will be ever "toujours fiddle."

Considerable applause followed the delivery of the address and, Mrs. Thom having retired, her husband being loudly called for, acknowledged from his place in the orchestra the honor done him . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Age (20 November 1855), 5 

"GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT", The Argus (23 November 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8 

MRS. THOM to the undersigned Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne. Ladies and Gentlemen, - I cannot leave this city without offering you my very sincere thanks for the handsome testimonials of your esteem and regard with which you have presented me. To leading members of our profession such testimonials are not unfrequent; but for one like myself, holding a subordinate rank to number amongst my friends such names as are here appended is indeed an honor as well as gratification. During the three years I have been in this country I have always met with the utmost cordiality and kindness from each and all and I should be most ungrateful could I ever forget it. I must take this opportunity to thank the gentlemen of tho Press (which I do very sincerely) for the flattering notice they have taken from time to time of my humble efforts. Allow me, in conclusion, Ladies and Gentlemen, to bid you all Farewell! with best wishes for your health and happiness. I remain, Very faithfully yours, ELIZA THOM.

[ADDRESSED TO]: Miss Catherine Hayes; Mrs. C. Poole; Madame Carandini; Mrs. E. Hancock; Madame Strebinger; Mrs. Chester; - Moor; Mr. John Gregg; - Lyall; - E. Hancock; Signor Carandini; G. V. Brooke, Esq.; G. Coppin, Esq.; C. Poole, Esq.; Mr. Richard Younge; - H. N. Warner; - G. H. Rogers; - E. H. Burford; - S. Howard; - E. Russell; - T. Nunn; - W. Chester; - J. E. Renno; - Charles; - Radford; F. L. Bayne, Esq.; J. Baurie, Esq.; Mr. F. Webster; - L. McGowan; - H. Richardson; - H. R. Chapman; - H. H. Oates; - J. Welsh; - J. Byron; - J. Lavenu [sic]; - F. Strebinger; - F. Coppin; - H. Berg [sic]; - Sundborg [recte Lundborg]; - Prinz [Prince]; - E. D. King; - A. Moore; - H. Johnson; H. Kohler [recte R. Kohler]; - H. B. Gover; - P. Thomas; - Hurlerbein [Huenerbein]; - Kohler; - A. Plock; - J. Murrell; - G. Naughton; - R. Ilsay; W. Bushnell, Esq.; - Jacomb, Esq.

Melbourne, December 19th, 1855.

"THE PAVILION BAND", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 July 1856), 6

On the proceedings of this Committee being produced, Mr. LAMB, referring to the minutes, said he found that at the meeting of the Committee on July 7th, a letter was read from Mr B. Thom, requesting the use of the Music Room upon the same terms as the Pavilion Band, every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, commencing the 9th August next. And on the 14th of July the minutes said, "The letter of Mr. B. Thom, requesting the use of the Music Room, was again considered, and adjourned until the next meeting." At the same meeting he observed that a letter was read from Mr. Oury requesting the use of the lower suite of rooms for two promenade concerts the 6th and 7th August next, and the Committee resolved, "That Mr Oury's request complied with, on condition that no dancing be permitted, for the sum of £16, to be paid in advance." Now he should like to know why the Committee took so long to consider Mr. Thom's application, which even now stood adjourned, whilst Mr. Oury's request was instantaneously complied with. Mr. Thom had recently returned from Australia, and desired to get the use of the Pavilion Room for a band. It might said that Mr. Thom was not a ratepayer, but other gentlemen had applied, who were rate payers, and had been refused, and these ratepayers had been treated with anything but a proper respect . . . Mr COBB said that Mr. Thom complained bitterly in not receiving consideration from the Committee . . . Now, Mr. Thom was prepared to carry out a good stringed band; . . . It was to be a Town Band, and they now call it a Pavilion Band . . .

Brighton Gazette [England] (30 October 1856), 5

The Soirees at the Pavilion, by the Royal Literary and Scientific Institution, Albion Rooms, may now be ranked (through the perseverance of the members of the Committee) among the most attractive and agreeable of the season . . . The Conversazione on Monday [27 October] was, in point of attendance and attractiveness, equal to any of its predecessors . . .. The Concert, which was held in the Music Room, was supported by Miss Messent, Herr Kuhe, Herr Bonn and the Pavilion Band under the leadership of Mr. Thom. Miss Messent did not appear to advantage, but obtained an encore; Herr Kuhe was enthusiastically received, and the performance of the Pavilion string and wind band, gave great satisfaction.

PROBATE, 18 January 1867, Principal resgistry, England and Wales (National Probate Calendar)

THOM Bream / Effects under £1,500 / 18 January / The Will of Bream Thom late of Westow Hill Upper Norwood in the County of Surrey Musician deceased who died 2 January 1867 at Westow Hill aforesaid was proved . . . by the oath of Eliza Thom . . . Widow the Relict the sole Executrix.

"FIFTY YEARS AGO", Brighton Gazette [England] (14 June 1902), 2

NAT COOKE'S BENEFIT CONCERT A concert was given on Thursday by the Brighton Amateur Symphony Society for the benefit of Nathaniel Cooke, an old and esteemed member of the musical profession, in the Upper Room of the Town Hall. The band, conducted by Mr. Bream Thom, gave the overture to Rossini's "La Gazza Ladra," Mendelssohn's "Wedding March," Herold's overture to "Zampa," an Allegretto in A minor from Beethoven's Symphony No. 7, and Fessy's fantasia on airs from "Lucia di Lammermoor" . . . Master Brown astonished his listeners with Mayseder's Solo, Op. 40, for the violin . . . Mr. E. De Paris accompanied. The concert was a pecuniary as well as artistic success.





Active Sydney, NSW, 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1855), 3

MUSICAL - Mr. THOMAS, violinist, begs to inform the gentry of Sydney that he is prepared to attend quadrille parties. A quadrille band of English musicians can be engaged if required. 121, Elizabeth-street, Hyde Park.

THOMAS, Llewellyn

Harpist, Welsh Harpist, gold prospector

Active Ballarat district, VIC, by 1859


The "celebrated harpist" first appeared at Ballarat's Montezuma theatre on the same bill as The San Francisco Minstrels and Sable Opera Troupe. With John Williams, the blind harpist, and the Sebastopol Welsh Choir, he participated in a Welsh Eisteddfod in Ballarat in December 1863. Williams awarded Thomas the 10 pound harp prize, and the two played together the Caerphili March "with wonderful effect".


[Advertisement, The Star (12 December 1859), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL. STURT STREET. MR. LLEWELLYN THOMAS, The great Welsh Harpist, Beg to announce his benefit for TUESDAY, 13th DECEMBER . . . Mr. Llewelyn Thomas will play a selection of popular Welsh airs an Monday for Mr. Hoskins' Benefit.

"MINING INTELLIGENCE. NEW RUSH, INGLEWOOD, March 15", Geelong Advertiser (22 March 1860), 3 

On Saturday night Messrs Henderson and Murray opened their new theatre, called the Pavilion, in Lower Commercial-street, with the celebrated San Francisco Minstrels, amongst whom, in addition to several members of the old troupe, there are Mr. Stewart M'Cauley, the leader of the Christie Minstrels, and Mr. Thomas the celebrated harpist.

[Advertisement], The Age (3 December 1860), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. The Promised Return and Farewell Engagement Of the Far Famed SAN FRANCISCO MINSTHELS AND MAMMOTH SABLE OPERATIC TROUPE . . . First appearance here of Mr. J. E. KITTS, the Eminent Basso, Also, Mr. THOMAS LLEWELLYN, the Celebrated Harpist, Together with the Established Favorites, Mr. O. N. Burbank, Mr. Dave Carson, J. O. Pierce, Charles Walsh, Geo. Chittenden, T. P. Brower, And Mr. G. W. DEMEREST . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (27 December 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (22 January 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (21 June 1861), 3

"CIRCUIT COURT", The Star (12 April 1862), 5

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (26 December 1863), 2

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4

"SOCIAL", The Star (25 January 1864), 1s

"BALLARAT EAST PUBLIC LIBRARY", The Star (20 September 1864), 3 

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (29 November 1879), 5 

"BALLARAT", Camperdown Chronicle (9 March 1880), 3

[News], The Argus (25 June 1881), 7

[News], The Argus (18 April 1882), 6

"DEATHS", Leader (20 January 1883), 40 

THOMAS. - On the 11th January, at her residence, 58 Leveson-street, Hotham, Agnes Emeline, the beloved wife of Llewellyn Thomas, Welsh harpist.

THOMAS, Herbert (Mr. H. THOMAS)

Amateur violinist, viola (tenor) and violincello player, legal clerk

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Married Lydia CULL, VIC, 1854
Died (suicide by drowning), Barwon River, Geelong, VIC, 4/5 December 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1854), 8

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, Melbourne, 1854. Friday Evening, November 10th. The Philharmonic Society will perform a selection from Handel's Grand Oratorio of Judas Maccabaeus. Principal Vocalists: Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Edwards, Mr. Hackett, Mr. Ewart. Instrumentalists: Violins - Messrs. Griffiths, King, Fleury, Strebinger, W. Radford, M. Radford, Ryder, Pietzker, Fischer, Newton, Lewis, and Hurst; Violas - Messrs. Thomas, King, Izard; Violoncellos - Messrs. Reed, Hailes, and Kent; Basso - Messrs. Hardman, Gover, and Harndorf; Flute - Mr. Cooze; Clarionets - Messrs. Johnson and King; Bassoon - Messrs. Biggs and McCay; Trumpet - Mr. Lewellyn; Trombones - Messrs. Phair, Macnamara, and Trystram; Ophecleide - Mr. Hartigan; Horns - Messrs. Kohler and Naughton; Leader - Mr. Joseph Griffiths; Conductor - Mr. Jno. Russell . . .

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 February 1857), 5

Last evening Miska Hauser gave his concert of classical music before a select and numerous audience, in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute. Independent of the fame of the maestro himself, great interest attached to the concert from the production, for the first time in this colony, of a species of music of the highest class. The performance of Beethoven's, No. 4 Quartette, in C minor, must be considered as an event, and we trust that the experiment, which was last night in every point perfectly successful, will be repeated while the public taste is still alive to it. Miska Hauser, Mr. E. King, second violin, Mr. H. Thomas, tenor, and Mr. S. Chapman, violoncello, were the instrumentalists, and it was satisfactory to find that we were in possession of sufficient musical talent to enable M. Hauser to attempt so difficult and critical a work. The various movements, four in number, were executed with commendable precisison, the andante, in particular, was delightfully rendered, and elicited the loudest tokens of satisfaction from the audience . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 June 1865), 8 

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (17 January 1866), 7 

THE CHAIRMAN read the list of officers nominated at the last meeting. Of these the following were appointed without contest: - . . . leader of orchestra, Mr. Herbert Thomas. . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1866), 8 


[Advertisement], The Age (16 July 1867), 8 

"THE OPERA. TO THE EDITOR", Geelong Advertiser (1 October 1870), 3

Sir, - I cannot in justice to myself allow the remarks of your "musical" critic, in your issue of to-day, to pass unnoticed. It is evident upon the face of this critique that he assumes I have never before taken part in performances of a higher class than those generally presented to a Geelong audienee by our local celebrities, therefore I ought, in Mr. Lyster's orchestra, to feel highly gratified at "being allowed to be in such company." Doubtless, your critic intended this as a compliment to Mr. Lyster's band, but without some knowledge of my musical antecedents it should not hare been at my expense. I may state that I have on this occasion assisted Mr. Lyster at his express wish and to oblige him, and although playing in a good orchestra like that under the direction of my friend Mr. Siede is to me a source of considerable gratification and pleasure, still it is not to me of so special a nature as the remarks of your critic would imply, from the fact of my having been specially engaged by Mr. Lyster on several previous occasions in Melbourne and elsewhere, and also from the following facts (which I state for the special information of your musical critic), namely - having sustained the parts of principal violoncello and principal viola respectively, in company with several of the leading members of Mr. Lyster's present orchestra throughout the operatic performances in this colony of the late Miss Catherine Hayes and Madame Anna Bishop, under the late Messrs. Lavenu and George Loder (both accomplished instrumentalists and musicians), and subsequently for a period of nearly three years, and up to the time of my leaving for Geelong, filling the office of leader of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society. Trusting you will find space for this in your next issue, I am, &c. H. THOMAS. Latrobe-terraee, Sept. 30, 1870.

"THE BOHEMIAN GIRL", Geelong Advertiser (19 November 1873), 3 

? "CORONER'S INQUEST", Geelong Advertiser (11 December 1873), 4 

Yesterday the coroner, F. Shaw, Esq., held an inquest at the Barwon Bridge Hotel, on the body of Mr Herbert Thomas, recently a conveyancing clerk in the employ of Messrs Taylor and Bnckland, and which had been found in the Barwon on the previous day. The following is a digest of the evidence taken . . .

"Births", The Argus (5 May 1874), 1 

THOMAS. - On the 3rd inst., at 27 Latrobe-terrace, Geelong the wife of the late Herbert Thomas of a son. Home papers please copy.

THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. No. III", The Argus (15 January 1879), 6 

[In second concert of the the 1865 season] . . . Mr. Herbert Thomas, for many years the leading viola player in the colony, acted as leader. Beethoven's Sinfonia No 2 and Mendelssohn's overture "Son and Stranger," were the important numbers in the second part . . .

THOMAS, William

Bandmaster (2nd Hobart Rifles, 2-14th Regiment), horticulturist

Arrived Hobart, TAS, by 1863
Died Hobart, TAS, 17 June 1884



Active Hobart, TAS, by 1868


"SECOND RIFLES BAND", The Mercury (26 February 1863), 3

"THE VOLUNTEERS", The Mercury (7 May 1864), 3

"BAND PERFORMANCE", The Mercury (18 January 1866), 2

"BIRTHDAY BALL", The Mercury (25 May 1866), 4

. . . A quadrille band by Messrs. Dentith, Gagliardi, A. G. Thomas, Bryant, &c, occupied the gallery.

"ARRIVAL OF THE MILITARY", The Mercury (24 November 1866), 3

. . . The troops [2-14th Regiment from New Zealand) were landed on the following day by the steamer Kangaroo when, by permission of Captain Davies, 2nd Rifles, the fine band of that corps was in attendance, under the leadership of Bandmaster Thomas, and played the troops into barracks, the "British Grenadiers" and the "Jolly Dogs March" being the chief pieces played.

"SECOND RIFLES BAND", The Mercury (23 January 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (27 February 1868), 1

A. G. THOMAS begs most respectfully to inform the ladies and gentlemen of Hobart Town and its vicinity, and the public generally, that he is prepared to supply STRING or MIXED BANDS of from 6 to 16 members for Orchestra, Concerts, Balls, &c., . . . For small Balls or Parties, A.O.T. can safely recommend his CHAMBER BAND, consisting of Violin, Cornet, Contra Bass, and Pianoforte, or for small Rooms either Cornet and Pianoforte, Violin and Pianoforte, or Flute and Pianoforte. The most fashionable English and French Music received by every mail. . . . Tuition supplied for the Harp, Guitar, Violin, Flute, Cornet, Pianoforte, Reed or Brass Instruments on the most reasonable terms. BRASS and REED BANDS furnished of from 5  to 20 members, as required. N.B.-The proficiency and sobriety of the Band can be relied on. Address - A. G. THOMAS, Queen's-road, Sandy Bay, Hobart Town.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 February 1874), 3

"VOLUNTEER COURTESY. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (17 September 1879), 3

"DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN COLONIST", The Mercury (18 June 1884), 2

Mr. William Thomas, after several years of suffering, expired at his late residence, Collins street yesterday, in the 70th year of his age. Mr. Thomas arrived in Hobart with his family over a quarter of a century back, and, until laid aside by illness, successfully pursued his calling as a nurseryman at Sandy Bay. He was a leading man amongst the Rechabites and various Friendly Societies. He was an accomplished musician, and, when the Band of the 2nd Rifles, in years gone by, held prominent place in the Volunteer Force, he was the respected master. He leaves a large but grown up family to mourn the loss of a father who, from his many excellencies, was universally respected as a man and prized as a friend.

"OLD TIME MEMORIES", The Mercury (16 December 1903), 2

. . . I was, at the time, a member of the 2nd Rifle Volunteer Band, and we were engaged to supply the musical portion of the programme. Mr. Thomas was our bandmaster, and the late Captain J Davies, then the proprietor of "The Mercury," was the Commanding Officer of our Company. I cannot now call to mind the names of many members of our band, but I recollect very well that associated with us were our leader's three sons, and Signor Gaglardie [Gagliardi]. Our Drum-Major Mr. Cook, I shall never forget. He was a tall, handsome man and in his scarlet and gold uniform looked what he was, the very model of a drum-major. Him and his stick were a perfect terror to the "small boys" as they gathered round the band when we were out for a march with the Company. At the ceremony above referred to . . . we (the band) played "God bless the Prince of Wales," and we certified to the planting of the second [tree] with the "Danish National Anthem" But, oh! Didn't it rain. We were all soon soaked, and were not at all sorry when the signal was given for us to play "God save the Queen".

"MUSICAL DAYS. HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2

. . . About 1863 the 2nd Rifles started a band of their own, under Wm. Thomas as bandmaster. He came to this State for the purpose of laying out the Royal Society's Gardens.

THOMAS, William

Indigenous culture recorder

Born London, England, 1791
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1838
Died Brunswick, VIC, 1 December 1867 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE LATE WILLIAM THOMAS, GUARDIAN OF ABORIGINES", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (20 December 1867), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Marie Hansen Fels, "I succeeded once": the Aboriginal protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 (Aboriginal History Monograph 22) (Canberra: ANU Press; Aboriginal History Inc, 2011)


William Thomas papers, 1834-1868, 1902; State Library of New South Wales

MS 214/24 Item 1-11 Microfilm CY 3131 Frame 18 letter to Mr. Duffy Manners & Customs of Aborigines: No 5 - Songs & Dances Merri M lodge (1 August 1858)

THOMPSON, Clara see Clara Thompson BRACY

THOMPSON, Henry Osborne (H. O. THOMPSON)


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1857
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 1 July 1887, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



WOOLLEY AND ANOTHER V. MACKENZIE. This was an action of trover by Messrs. Thomas Woolley and Edward Salamon, against the official assignee of the insolvent estate of Messrs. David and Henry Perrier, for the alleged conversion of a quantity of household furniture and fittings formerly in use at the building known as Perrier's Club-house, Pitt-street . . . There was evidence also that formal possession had been held of the goods, in plaintiff's name, by one Thompson, a waiter . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1857), 1 

OUR LYCEUM ASSEMBlY ROOMS, YORK STREET -This beautifully decorated saloon, under the management of H O. THOMPSON, late manager Perrier's Club, is open every evening for dancing. On MONDAY next, and following SATURDAY, the prices for admission will be reduced , gentlemen 2s, ladies 1s. The other four nights admission by ticket only, being subscription nights. The German Band is engaged.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1857), 1 

A GRAND VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL ENTERTAINMENT will take place at the above Theatre, under the distinguished patronage of Lieutenant-Colonel Straton, C.B., and the Officers of the 77th Regiment; by whose kind permission the magnificent
BAND of the above Regiment, will perform . . .
Assisted by the following artistes:
Madame Sara Flower, Mr. J. C. Fisher, Mr. Frank Howson, H. O. Thompson, John Howson, John Gregg, T. Banks, Signor Cavalini.
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Prize Duet - "Love and War" (T. Cooke) - Mr. H. O. Thompson and Mr. John Howson . . .

"OUR LYCEUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 November 1857), 3 

This theatre has been leased by Mr. H. O. Thompson, who purposes giving a series of Equostrian performances, to commence on Monday next, under the title of the Olympic Circus.

"THEATRICALS . . . TOOGOOD'S SALOON", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (17 April 1858), 2 

The entertainments at this popular place of resort continue to prove as attractive as ever. In addition to the Buckingham Family, wo observe that Mr. H. O. Thompson's services have boen secured, and the singing of this able professional must prove an additional inducement to take a peep into the Saloon.

[Advertisement], Empire (15 June 1858), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1860), 1 

[Advertisement], Empire (8 November 1860), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1860), 4 

SHAKESPERE Concert Hall. - Selection, "Linda di Chamounix." John Howson, Leveson, Hetherington, and H. O. Thompson.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 February 1861), 1 

"MUSICAL PERFORMANCE", Empire (6 February 1861), 8 

On Monday a very entertaining harmonic meeting tock place at the Lecture Hall in Jamison-street, when a number of selected pieces from the gems of the first operatic composers were sung by the performers with considerable taste and judgment - a lady named Madame Clara Lamoureax, with Messrs. John Howson, John Leveson, H. O. Thompson, John Wilson, and several amateurs acquitting themselves in a manner far superior to what might have been anticipated from the very unassuming manner in which the performance was got up. Many concerts have taken place in Sydney, heralded forth with high sounding announcements, which Monday night's minor entertainment might well have rivalled. Tho threatening aspect of the weather about the time the performance was to commence, and the short notice given of the concert taking place, affected, we regret to say, the number which would have attended.

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1865), 5 

Mr. H. O. Thompson's concert, in aid of the sufferers by the late boiler explosion at the "Waterview Dry Dock, took place last Saturday night in the Oddfellows' Hall, Balmain, The programme was well selected, and rendered with accuracy and good taste.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (28 July 1866), 5 

A little fracas at one of the rehearsals of the opera company gave rise to an action in the county court, yesterday, the defendant in the case being Mr. W. S. Lyster, and the plaintiff a member of the chorus, named Bachrach, who charged Mr. Lyster with an assault . . . Henry Thompson said that he was standing between Bachrach and Kiebel, at the rehearsal, and that Bachrach was the first to commence the fight, taking Kiebel by the throat. The latter then hit Bachrach with a stick, and Mr. Lyster interfered . . .

"Deaths", The Age (2 July 1887), 5 

Thompson. - On the 1st July, at his residence, 194 Gore-street, Fitzroy, Henry Osborn Thompson, aged 76, late of Lyster's Opera Company.

THOMPSON, John Charles (John Charles Royer THOMPSON; John C. THOMPSON; J. C. THOMPSON)

Professor of music, violoncellist, pianist, violinist, organist, piano tuner, composer, actor

Born Black Rock, Cork, Ireland, c. 1820 (son of John Vaughan THOMPSON, d. Sydney 1847, and Martha Solomon, d. ireland 1832)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1844
Active Adelaide, SA, by December 1846
Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1849
Married Anne WILKINSON, St. Peter's Church, Melbourne, 2 July 1850
Active Sydney, NSW, 1851-52
Active Hobart, TAS, by June 1853
Active Melbourne, VIC, by April 1857
Died Carlton, VIC, 14 August 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

THOMPSON, William Henry

Orchestra leader

Born ? Sydney, NSW, 1852
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1873
? Died VIC, 1900; buried Melbourne, 24 February 1900


Thompson is an interesting case of a theatrical musician who, within the space of a decade, worked in four different colonial capitals. "Having served his time in the establishment of one of the first [pianoforte] makers and tuners in Britain" (as he much later advertised), Thompson was active in Sydney during 1844 as a cellist for the Philharmonic Concerts. George Coppin engaged him for Adelaide, and on his debut there in December 1846 at the New Queen's Theatre he was billed as "from the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney".

By June 1849 he was in Melbourne where he participated regularly in the weekly concerts, while by June 1853 he was in Hobart, playing in the theatre there as well as teaching and piano tuning. In December 1855 the Christmas pantomime Harlequin Jack and the bean stalk had "new and original music composed expressly by Mr. Thompson".

He was back in Melbourne in 1857, and was probably the J. C. Thompson engaged as a pianist as late as 1873.


[Advertisement], The Australian (25 May 1844), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1844), 3

"THIRD PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Australian (12 June 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1844), 1

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (1 December 1846), 4

"THE THEATRE", South Australian (4 December 1846), 6

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (15 December 1846), 5

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (19 January 1847), 4

[News], South Australian (10 March 1848), 2

"THE CONCERTS", The Argus (15 June 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1850), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (18 December 1851), 3

"THURSDAY'S CONCERT", The Argus (7 April 1852), 4

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (6 May 1852), 5

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (27 May 1852), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (29 July 1852), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 June 1853), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (2 July 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 July 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 December 1854), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (22 December 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 May 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Age (28 May 1873), 4 

APOLLO HALL. Eastern Arcade . . . Leader of the orchestra, Mr. W. H. Thompson; pianist, Mr. J. C. Thompson; cornet, Mr. Demlin.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (6 September 1873), 3 

VICTORIA MUSIC HALL, MALOP STREET. GRAND OPENING NIGHT, Saturday, September 6th . . . FRANK LEETHWOOD, The Renowned Concertina and Banjo Bololst; Pianist: - Professor J. C. Thompson . . .

"Deaths", The Age (16 August 1886), 1 

THOMPSON - On the 14th August, at 9 Elgin-street, Carlton, Melbourne, after a long illness, John Charles Royer Thompson, professor of music, of Cork, Ireand. Home papers please copy. His end was peace.

"STAWELL", The Ballarat Star (1 March 1898), 4 

William Henry Thompson, who was well known in Melbourne musical circles, has been committed for trial at Ararat Supreme Court on the 10th of March for an attempted assault, the evidence as to which was of a most shocking nature.

THOMPSON, Richard (born William FANE)

Convict, journalist, theatrical and musical reviewer

Born UK c. 1810/11
Convicted Middlesex, England, 17 October 1833, sentenced 14 years
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 June 1834 (convict per Hive, from England, 15 January 1834)
Active Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1842-43
Actuve Sydney, NSW, from 1843
Died Sydney, NSW, 31 March 1865, aged 54 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


In addition to revising the libretto for the 1844 Sydney production of the Rossini-Rophino Lacey Cinderella, Thompson was notably responsible for the theatrical and probably also musical reviews in The Australian (1843-44), The Atlas (November 1844 to March 1845), and in his short-lived Sydney paper, The examiner (August to November 1845).


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 17 October 1833, page 23 (817); online ref: t18331017-23 

NEW COURT. Thursday, October 17, 1833. Third Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Sergeant. 1427. RICHARD THOMPSON was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of October, 1 silver spoon, value 14s.; the goods of Thomas Ragless, and that he had been before convicted of felony; to which he pleaded GUILTY. Aged 23 - Transported for Fourteen Years.

"THEATRICAL REGISTER", The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (17 February 1844), 436 

"THE COLONIAL MAGAZINE AND THE SYDNEY PRESS", Commercial Journal and General Advertiser (9 April 1845), 2 

. . . The Sydney Weekly Register, in its criticism on the opera of Cindrella (date, Feb. 17, 1844), says, "the libretto has undergone for the present occasion a complete rifacimento by Mr. Richard Thompson, of the Australian, whose fertile pen is equally ready, whether the subject be theatricals or theology - politics or poesy; in each and all of which he has put forth things far from common-place. This arrangement of the dialogue of Cindrella is marked by a style of diction, in which good taste and dramatic skill are predominant." Here again Richard Thompson is a name known amongst men . . .

"THE THEATRICAL EXAMINER", The Examiner (30 August 1845), 29 

When we heard that the management of the Victoria intended to produce Weber's Der Freischütz, with the present inadequate company, we had a gloomy presentiment of the painful disappointment which awaited the lovers of German music; and we sincerely wished that some judicious friend of the proprietors, would urge them to follow the advice, we took leave to offer on the occasion of the late violence done to Auber's Fra Diavolo . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1865), 1 

On the 31st March, at 20, Francis-street, after a long and painful illness, Mr. Richard Thompson, in the 54th year of his age, many years connected with the Sydney Press.

Bibliography and resources:

R. L. Knight, "Thompson, Richard (1810-1865)', Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967) 

. . . Thompson dabbled in the theatre in Sydney, furnishing scripts, translating librettos, and acting as critic. The pages of the publications which he edited reveal him as a skilful though unoriginal poet and an able editor . . .


Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1854), 5

William Thompson, bandsman of the 11th Regiment, deposed that at nearly four o'clock on the morning of Tuesday, the 19th instant, he and the Sergeant of the band were returning to the barracks from the Madras ball, and had arrived as far as the Darlinghurst Gaol, when he saw a lady and a gentleman in a gig standing near the Church of the Sacred Heart . . .


Cornet player, bandmaster, sergeant of the band (Brigade Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s (? William THOMPSON above)

THOMPSON, William (junior)

Cornet player


[Advertisement], "YOUNGE'S ATHENAEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1865), 1 

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1869), 8

"MASTER THOMPSON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1870), 5

"MASTER WILLY THOMPSON'S BENEFIT", Empire (1 February 1870), 2

Master Willy Thompson's cornet playing must be heard to be appreciated; it is surprising what a beautiful tone he brings out. He has been taught by a very good master, his father, Mr. W. Thompson, who has for many years been engaged at the Prince of Wales Theatre. The duet for the two cornets created a furore.

"BRIGADE PICNIC", Evening News (22 January 1875), 2 


Violinist, bandmaster (Melbourne Teetotal Band)

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1847


"NEW TEETOTAL BAND", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (11 February 1847), 2 

. . . a new band, composed of wind and stringed instruments, had been formed in this town, called the Australia Felix Teetotal Society's Band . . . Mr. W. W. S. Thompson, a highly talented violinist, has been appointed master of the band, which already numbers among its members, several of considerable ability . . .

"The Teetotal Band", The Melbourne Argus (23 March 1847), 2

The band which has recently been formed in connexion with the Australia Felix Total Abstinence Society, and which appears to have attracted some notice, played for the first time before the public on Friday evening, March 12 . . . The following are some of the tunes played on the occasion, viz. - Calcutta, Rosseau's Dream, Melbourne Quickstep, Green grow the Rashes, Birks of Invermay, Roy's Wife, Temperance Quickstep, and the National Anthem . . . in a manner that reflects the highest credit both upon the members and upon the leader, Mr. Thompson.


Amateur bass vocalist, guitarist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1839 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Probably George THOMSON immediately below

THOMSON, George (? see also Mr. THOMSON above)

? Amateur bass vocalist, guitarist, accountant

Born Glasgow, Scotland, c. 1803
Married Martha Mary COOKE, St. Anne, Soho, London, 1 September 1828
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1837; Sydney, NSW, 1839
Died ? by c. mid 1840s

THOMSON, Martha (Martha Mary "Peggy" COOKE; Mrs. THOMSON)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Born Glasgow, Scotland, c. 1800
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1837; Sydney, NSW, 1839
Active Australia, into mid 1850s
Died London, England; buried St. George, Hanover Square, 27 March 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

THOMSON, Mary = Mrs. Charles Edward JONES (Mrs. C. JONES)


Born c. ? 1823 [sic]
Married Charles Edward JONES, Hobart Town, 9 August 1841 (aged 18)

THOMSON, Jane Elizabeth = Mrs. Charles YOUNG (Mrs. VEZIN)

Vocalist, dancer, actor (daughter of the above)

THOMSON, Eliza (Elizabeth Marian THOMSON; Mrs. Medmin Lushington GOODWIN)

Dancer, actor (daughter of George and Martha above)

Born c. 1832
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845-48
Married Medmin Lushington GOODWIN, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 October 1848 (aged 16) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Anne, Westminster [Soho] . . . in the year 1828, page 192

No. 575 / George Thomson, Esq. bachelor, of this parish, Martha Mary Cooke, spinster, of parish of St. Margaret Westminster . . . [1 September 1828]

? [Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch . . . (30 June 1837), 5 

"THEATRE ROYAL", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch . . . (15 December 1837), 7 

"The Theatre", Bent's News and Tasmanian Register (13 January 1838), 2 

. . . In the song of "I come love to thee," by Mrs. Thomson, Mr. Peck accompanied this Lady on the Harp; it had a beautiful effect, and consequently, the song went off much better than it otherwise would have done . . .

"The Theatre", Colonial Times (10 April 1838), 7 

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (4 October 1839), 2

"Mr. Deane's Soiree", The Australian (3 October 1839), 2

. . . An amateur singer (Mr. Thompson) accompanied himself on the guitar, and excelled greatly in the song, What is the Spell?", but the cracked instrument he played on was ill adapted to a pleasingly soft bass voice.

"News of the Day", The Sydney Monitor (11 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (12 October 1839), 3 

"DEANE'S SOIREE", The Australian (17 October 1839), 3 

[News], The Australian (12 December 1839), 2 

Mrs. Thomson, late of the Victoria Theatre, gives an entertainment to-morrow evening, at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on which occasion she is assisted by the Messrs. Deane, Mr. Thomson the vocalist, Mr O'Fairlee, Mr J. Simmons,, and several amateurs. The bill is attractive, and no doubt this lady will meet with a fair share of patronage. The advertisement came too late for insertion.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 September 1844), 1

"THE THEATRE: MASONIC BESPEAK", Colonial Times (17 September 1844), 3

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (24 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 October 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (3 December 1844), 4

"MR. JONES'S BENEFIT", Colonial Times (8 February 1845), 3

"VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (15 February 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1845), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 July 1845), 1

"THEATRICALS", Colonial Times (15 August 1845), 3 

Mrs. Clarke and Mrs. Thomson have their joint benefit on Monday night. These Ladies are especially deserving the support of the public, and we rejoice to find their benefit is under the patronage of "the Ladies of Hobart Town" - the elite of whom will honor it with their protection. Mrs. Clarke is so well known here - her conduct in private life has been so correct and free from even the breath of calumny, that it is unnecessary to say more. Mrs. Thomson possesses an equally high reputation in private life. She is a near relative of that celebrated author and performer, Mr. Leman Reid, and possessing first-rate professional talents, the performances of Monday evening will afford a high theatrical treat, as the programme shows. We believe both these deserving ladies proceed forthwith to Port Phillip, where they will no doubt receive that public and private support, to which their correct deportment so fully entitles them.

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 March 1848), 2 

The house on Monday night was respectably attended. The Drama of the Dutch Trooper was well sustained; the dancing of Miss Eliza Thompson the "Taglioni" of Tasmania, was elegant, and Cohen did credit to Mr. Campbell whose pupil we understand he is . . .

1861 English census, Middlesex, Clerkenwell, St. James, Goswell Street

31 Goswell Street / Mary Thomson / Head / 61 / Retired actress / [born] Glasgow, Scotland
Jane Young / Dau. / 39 / Actress / [born] Bath, Somersetshire . . .
Isabella Young / Grand Dau. / 12 / Scholar / [born] Australia . . .

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (17 July 1907), 3 

In the early days, away back in the forties, Mrs. Thompson and her three daughters were playing with Mrs. Clarke's Company at the old Victoria Theatre, Hobart Town, now the Theatre Royal, Hobart. Among the company was the late Mrs. Richard Stewart (Mrs. Guerin), Mr. G. H. Rogers, Charles Young, the Howsons, Signor Carandini, Arabin, and others. Of the three Misses Thompson, the eldest married Charles Jones, afterwards a jeweller in Hobart, the second married Charles Young; obtaining a divorce, she married Hermann Vezin. Eliza, the youngest, married Mr. Medwin Goodwin, the son of the proprietor of the "Cornwall Chronicle," Launceston. I have been a visitor at their home many times; they are both dead, long ago. Many pleasant recollections I have of visits to Mrs. Jones at her home. There were two daughters (? three) and one son. I remember Rebecca married Mr. Zeplin, musical conductor, and was accidentally drowned while bathing. Jenny and young Charley disappeared. I know not where . . . I am informed by a good authority, a personal friend, that Mrs. Charles Jones had three daughters, Rebecca, Jennie, and Ruth.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1932), 6 

THEATRE ROYAL, HOBART . . . [letter from J.V.W.] . . . It was built by Mr. Degraves, founder of the Cascade Brewery of Hobart, and was opened in 1833 . . . as the Victoria Theatre with a drama "God Speed the Plough." Its next door neighbour was the Shakespeare Inn, kept by Megson, a celebrated violinist of his day. The foundations are enormously heavy, and there are a lot of tiny cell-like rooms, that reach out under the stalls, some of which have been bricked up of recent years. One of the early lessees, Mrs. Clark, ran a stock company there, largely formed of relatives, who lived there. One of her dancing prodigies was young Clara Thompson, afterwards Mrs. Henry Bracy . . .

NOTE: This is an interesting surmise in its own right; but this was certainly not Clara THOMPSON, rather one or other of these Misses THOMPSON

THOMSON, Anna Maria Deas (Miss BOURKE; Anna Maria BOURKE; Anne Maria Deas THOMSON; Mrs. Edward Deas THOMSON; Mrs. Deas THOMSON; Lady Deas THOMSON; Lady DEAS-THOMSON)

Amateur musician, patron of music

Born Limerick, Ireland, 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 December 1831 (with her father, Richard BOURKE, governor of NSW)
Married Edward Deas THOMSON, St. John's, Parramatta, NSW, 18 September 1833
Died "Barham", Woolloomooloo, NSW, 3 February 1884, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



[Advertisment], The Sydney Monitor (2 April 1836), 3 

UNDER THE PATRONAGE Of His Excellency THE GOVERNOR, And Mrs. E. Deas Thomson. MR. & MRS. WALLACE Have the Honor to announce, that on MONDAY, THE 4TH APRIL, THEY will commence under the above distinguished patronage, their Academy for the Instruction of Young Ladies, in Vocal and Instrumental Music, according to the Logier and Herz . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 January 1836), 1 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1884), 1

"OBITUARY. LADY THOMSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1884), 13

Lady Deas Thomson, relict of the late Hon. Sir Edward Deas Thomson, died at her residence, Barham, on Saturday, February 3. She was second daughter, of Governor Sir Richard Bourke, and was 77 years of age. Lady Thomson was an ardent student of music, and for some years was the patroness of all youthful aspirers of the art.

Musical works dedicated to her:

The minstrel waltz, for 1836, dedicated by permission, to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, composed by T. Stubbs (Sydney: For the Proprietor at Ellard's Music Warehouse, 1836)


"No. 8 Mrs. E. D. Thomson", in No. 4 of F. Ellard's National country dances for 1843 (Sydney: F. Ellard, 1843) 

Koorinda Braia, an Aboriginal native song, put into rhythm, harmonised, and inscribed to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, by I. Nathan (Sydney: [n.p.], 1842) 

The Barham mazurka composed and by kind permission respectfully dedicated to Lady E. Deas Thomson by Louise N***** (Sydney: printed by J. A. Engel, [1876]) 

"Barham" was the Deas Thomson's house, in Forbes Street, Darlinghtust/Woolloomooloo

Bibliography and resources:

Mrs. Edward Cox's Journal (written about 1877) [in pencil: 1880]; transcribed by Andrew Houison (1850-1912) 

[c.1836-37] . . . and [I] was then married to my dear Husband and then went to live at Mulgoa Cottage. It was a very pretty place [MS transcript page 37] . . . besides which we had a grand neighbour in Sir John Jamison, about four miles from the Cottage. It was a fine residence, a large Stone house: he entertained in a liberal manner. My husband and I used to meet many pleasant people there among which I remember Sir Francis Forbes, Sir Richard Bourke, W. Charles Wentworth, Esq., Wallace, the Composer of Maritana, Mr. Manning, the Father of Sir W. Manning, Commissary General and Mrs. Laidley and many other Military Men. It was there I first met Lady Deas-Thompson, whose singing enchanted me.

Jane Maria Cox (1806-1888) arrived in New South Wales with her parents, Richard and Christiana Brooks, in 1814. In 1823 the Brooks family moved from Sydney to Denham Court near Liverpool. In 1827 Jane married Edward Cox (1805-1868) of Fernhill, Mulgoa.

M. E. Osborne, "Thomson, Edward Deas (1800-1879)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"Bourke, Elizabeth", Obituaries Australia)

Hazel King, "Bourke, Richard (1777-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

THOMSON, James Alexander

Music publisher and printer, convict, architect

Born Haddington, Scotland, 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 14 December 1825 (convict per Medway)
Died Scotland, 15 September 1860 (NLA persistent identifier)


A pardoned convict, architect, and surveyor, who in 1843 designed Hobart's St. Joseph's Church (1841-3) and the Synagogue (1843-5), Thomson served alongside Joseph Reichenberg, Edmund Leffler, and Frank Howson on the organising committee for a St. Cecilia's Day Grand Oratorio at St. Joseph's Catholic Church, directed by John Howson, in November 1842.

He engaged the newly arrived lithographer Thomas Bluett in July 1843, and in the same month issued his only known musical print, John Howson's first set of Tasmanian waltzes. Since he and John Howson were also active members of the same masonic lodge (and involved in presenting a Masonic Bespeak at the theatre in 1843) they may have been particular friends. Having long since settled permanently in Tasmania, he died in Scotland in 1860 on what was to have been only a return visit.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (14 October 1836), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 November 1842), 1

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", Colonial Times (18 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

"THE JEW'S SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (15 August 1843), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 May 1843), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Harley Preston, "Thomson, James Alexander (1805-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

THORNE, Samuel

Sergeant of marines, flute player

Arrived Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803 (per Calcutta)
Arrived Derwent River, VDL (TAS), February 1804

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

A black American violinist entertained a shore party from the vessel Sydney on the coast of Tasmania, in company with the flute-playing sergeant Samuel Thorne of the Hobart garrison, was probably "Black Charles" mentioned elsewhere as one of the ship's sailors.

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Holt, A rum story, ed. Peter O'Shaughnessy (Kenthurst, 1988), 100

Marjorie Tipping, Convicts unbound (Melbourne, 1988), 70, 316, 328

Malcolm Ward, Sergeant Samuel Thorne: a Royal Marine in the Napoleonic wars and a first settler of Port Phillip and Hobart Town (South Hobart: Malcolm Ward, 2007) 

Jordan 2012, 201

Richard Holmes, "HMS Calcutta to VDL / Royal Marines and Fams", posted 6 May 2002 

Malcolm Ward, The royal marine and the convict: Samuel Thorne, James Ward and their heritage at Pitt Water and the Lower Ferry (Orford: Tasmania Family and Property History Research, [2016]) 


Amateur composer, mayor of Sydney (1857), composer of the "Cornstalk polka"

Born Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1819
Died Parramatta, NSW, 23 November 1901 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mayor George Thornton's only surviving composition, the Cornstalk polka, was originally introduced at the 1857 Mayoral Ball, in September, when it was played by Winterbottom's band. It went through many reprintings in its piano arrangement, and was still being played by bands into the 1880s. On its second hearing at the Citizens' Return Ball in October 1857, by the Band of the 77th Regiment under bandmaster Pompeo Cavallini, the Herald reported:

The musical programme included the Cornstalk Polka, composed by the Mayor, and played at his ball, but which had been re-arranged for the band of the 77th, and was last evening played by them with very pleasing effect.


The cornstalk polka (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) 

The cornstalk polka ("New edition": Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1862], this edition also bound in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863) 


"MAYOR'S BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1857), 5

"CITIZEN'S RETURN BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1857), 5

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1862), 5

The Brisbane Courier (13 June 1906), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Thornton, George (1819-1901)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Terri McCormack, "Thornton, George", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

THRELKELD, Lancelot Edward

Collector and recorder of Indigenous songs, languages, and culture; songwriter, missionary

Born London, England, 20 October 1788
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 1817 (en route for the Society Islands)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 1824
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 October 1859, aged 71 (NLA persistent identifier)



When the words of Two Australian Aboriginal songs, taken down by Threlkeld, were printed in The Sydney Gazette, without translation, the editor's intention was all too apparently to ridicule them as gibberish. Threlkeld continued his work despite such skepticism, notably producing an Australian Grammar, in which, concerning Nung-ngun ("A Song"), he wrote (90)

There are poets among them who compose songs which are sung and danced to by their own tribes in the first place; after which other tribes learn the song and dance which passes from tribe to tribe throughout the country, until from change of dialect not one of the original words remain.

And in the 1835 Annual Report of his mission at Lake Macquarie, he observed:

Several of the blacks belonging to this district, headed by M'Gill, are travelling to Windsor, Parramatta, and Sydney, in order to teach other tribes a new song and dance, which have lately been brought from the regions far beyond Liverpool Plains, where my son has ascertained that the song exists, though the dialect is different to that used in these parts on the sea coast. It is not discouraging to reflect, that when "Knowledge shall increase among these tribes", then the same custom which promulgates the new song will convey throughout Australia "the glad tidings" of a Saviour, Christ the Lord.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 August 1817), 4

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1824), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2

. . . the Rev. Mr. THRELKELD, of the London Missionary Society, lately from the South-sea Islands, is on the eve of departing for Moreton-bay, in order to attempt reaching the understanding of that fine race of aborigines, in that quarter, through their own language, which Mr. Threlkeld is determined on acquiring, if within the compass of possibility. This attempt has not yet been made . . .

"POETRY: AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL SONG", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1826), 4

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 2

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 July 1836), 2

The Perth Gazette (3 December 1836), 810

"AN AUSTRALIAN ANTHEM", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1851) 3

"DEATHS", Empire (11 October 1859), 1

"THE REV. L. E. THRELKELD", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1859), 4


Specimens of a dialect of the languages of the Aborigines of New South Wales (Sydney: Printed at the "Monitor Office," by Arthur Hill, 1827) 

A statement chiefly relating to the formation and abandonment of a mission to the Aborigines of New South Wales (Sydney: Government Printer, 1828) 

An Australian grammar: comprehending the principles and natural rules of the language, as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie (Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1834)

An Australian anthem (tune: "Rule Britannia"; [Sydney: ? 1850])

An Australian language, as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie (near Newcastle, New South Wales: being an account of their language, traditions, and customs; re-arranged, condensed and edited, with an appendix by John Fraser (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892)

Bibliography and resources:

Niel Gunson, "Threlkeld, Lancelot (1788-1859)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Niel Gunson (ed.), Australian reminiscences & papers of L. E. Threlkeld, missionary to the Aborigines, 1824-1859 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974)

THROSBY-OSBORNE FAMILY of Throsby Park, Moss Vale, NSW

THROSBY, Isabel Martha = Isabel OSBORNE (Mrs. Alick OSBORNE)

THROSBY, Mary Hill (Mrs. W. S. BRIDGES)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Throsby Park, NSW, 31 May 1838 (elder sister of the above)
Married William S BRIDGES, St. John's, Darlinghrust, NSW, 18 Sepyember 1858
Died Moss Vale, NSW, 26 June 1914

THROSBY, Marcia Charlotte = Marcia Charlotte ZOUCH

Amateur pianist, vocalist


A piece of colonial sheet music formerly belonging to Mary Throsby was later bound in one of her sister, Isabel's, albums (Sydney Living Museum, and digitised at Internet Archive):

The bird song, from the new comedy A new way to reclaim a throughtless busband, as sung by Mrs. Emma Waller, the music composed by M. Winterbottom (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1855]); her copy digitised: (IN ALBUM)


Violinist, town fiddler

Born c.1801
Active Perth, WA, by 1830s
Died York, WA, 13 July 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE JUBILEE OF METHODISM IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA", The Inquirer and Commercial News (20 June 1890), 5 

. . . In the evening, he added, there would be a squinting match, "at which Tom Thurkle would not be allowed to compete, he being an adept in the art." In those days Thurkle was our town fiddler, who attended all the dances in the town, and among other personal peculiarities he had a terrible squint in one eye . . .

THURLOW, Charles Alston

Amateur violoncellist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 March 1881, aged 67


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (24 January 1851), 3

"POSTAGE RATES. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (28 January 1854), 3

"DIGGERS' LETTERS. To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1853), 5

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1881), 7

TIBBEY, Charles J.

Boot and shoemaker, amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 31 March 1873, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

TIBBEY, Master (Charles J. TIBBEY, junior)

Boy vocalist (Australian Philharmonic Concerts)

Born London, c. 1830
Active Sydney, NSW, 1844
Died East Los Angeles, California, USA, 17 May 1910, aged 80 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1844), 3


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1846), 3


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1873), 1

TIBBS, Andrew

Bandsman (48th Regiment)

Regiment's tour of duty in NSW, 1817-1824

See also Band of the 48th Regiment


On 14 June 1818 Tibbs was given 14 days solitary for "Refusing to go to Practice when ordered by the Drum Major".

Bibliography and resources:

Clem Sargent, The colonial garrison 1817-1824: the 48th Foot, the Northhamptonshire Regiment in the colony of New South Wales (Canberra: TCS Publications, 1996) 

Clem Sargent, "The British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service soldiers", The Free Library (1 September 2002), British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service. . .-a092202202

TICKELL, John (TICKLE; TICKEL; John TICKELL; also given incorrectly as George TICKELL)

Musician, bandmaster, organist (St. James's Church, Melbourne), stonemason, plasterer

Born ? Islington, Devon, England, 9 April 1816
? Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 21 January 1840 (per John Bull, from England)
Married Isabella RAE, St. James's Church, Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 16 May 1841
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 November 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to the chronicler John Waugh (who played clarinet in another of Tickell's later bands), Tickell was leader of the first Melbourne bands (some later sources identify him as "George Tickle"; a NSW convict, George Tickell, was reported in Port Phillip region briefly in 1839-40, but John was the musician). Finn's 1888 account (apparently based on Waugh's recollections) reports that John was leader of the Temperance Band before he "became unsteady". John and his wife, Isabella, both became notorious alcoholics; however, John's association with St. James's, as organist, may have continued later than the 1853 report suggests, as their daughter Elizabeth was baptised at St. James in December 1847. Another daughter, born in 1842, was named "Mary Nathan", possibly, given John's claim to teach singing from the Musurgia vocalis, after its author Isaac Nathan.


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (16 May 1840), 2 

Vocal Concert. J. TICKELL, TEACHER of Singing according to the "Musurgia Vocalis," late Leader of the South Devon Club, having secured the assistance of MR. CRAMP, the celebrated Comic Singer, has the honor lo inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Melbourne and its vicinity, that at the request of several, thev will give an Evening Vocal Concert, at the LAMB INN, on MONDAY EVENING next, the 18th instant, at Seven o'clock precisely. Tickets Five Shillings, may he had at the Lamb Inn, and at the Office of the Patriot. For programme see hand bills.

"CONCERT", Port Phillip Gazette (3 June 1840), 3 

Messrs. Tickell and Cramp gave a concert at William's Town, on Friday evening last. We learn that their efforts on this occasion were highly successful, and warmly applauded by their audience, which would have been more numerous but for the boisterous and inclement state of the weather.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (21 December 1840), 3 

MONSIEUR & MADAME GAUTROT have the honor to announce, that their second Musical Soiree will be held at the Adelphi Hotel, On THURSDAY Evening, the 24th inst. After the Concert, the band consisting of Messrs. Tickell, Hulley, Milsted, Boreham, and Drane, will perform quadrilles and country dances during two hours.

"To the Editor of the Herald", Port Phillip Gazette (6 June 1840), 3 

"Morality deemed him an ocean of evil,
A Pandora's Box. yes, a limb of the devil;
A den where the vipers of wickedness breed,
Immoral to practice - a libel in creed."
SIR. - To use your own words, I should not think I acted fairly if I passed over in silence the infamous and uncalled for attack, in yesterday's Herald, made upon parties who came forward, not for gain, but only at the repeated request of several gentlemen in Melbourne, to get up a single evening's amusement. As to your former assertions, "obscure and filthy songs" at the Lamb Inn, I appeal to the public; for you cannot make good such assertions. And, as it regards being drunk at Williams Town (to say nothing of the attempt to sing, and other infamous lies of your own invention) I defy any man to prove. Both you and I hare been known for many years by individuals now resident in this place; and I leave the public to judge which has hitherto borne the best character. But I must add that
       Your speech,
Larded too frequently, and out of time
With serious phraseology, are rents
That in your garmrents ope, in spite of you;
Through which the well accustom'd eye can see
The rottenness of your heart.

"PUBLIC CONCERT", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (28 December 1840), 2 

Monsieur Gautrot's second soiree took place on Thursday evening last, when a numerous audience as sembled to listen to the delightful performances of Monsieur and Madame. The selection of music was good, and the execution brilliant. After the concert, the services of the Melbourne Quadrille Band were put into requisition, and the dancing was kept up with much spirit until a late hour.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (22 September 1841), 1 

HAS the honor to announce that a Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music will take place THIS EVENING, Sept. 22nd, at Messrs. Benjamin's extensive new Stores, Williams Town, at half-post seven o'clock.
1st PART.
1. - Simphonie - CHERUBINI.
2. - -Glee, Perfida Clori - AMATEUR
3. - Duetto - BOILEDIERE.
4. - Solo de Violon (M. Gautrot) - RODE.
5. - Ditenti Palpiti (ditto) - ROSSINI.
6. - English Glee (Amateur) - BISHOP.
2nd PART.
1. - Simphonie
2. - Glee (Amateur)
3. - Song (ditto)
4. - English duet (2 ditto)
5. - English Romana (ditto)
6. - French Song (M. Gautrot) - ROSSINI.
7. - Glee (Amateur) - MARTINI.
8. - God save the Queen, (3 voices.)
Tickets 10s. 6d, each, to be procured at the Albion Hotel, at Mr. Walter Butler's, and at Mr. Levien's, Williams Town.

"CONCERT", Port Phillip Gazette (25 September 1841), 3 

It affords us great pleasure to state that the Concert given at Williams Town, on Wednesday evening last, afforded universal satisfaction; it commenced with a concerted piece of music, arranged by Monsieur Gautrot, for three instruments, which was very cleverly executed by Gautrot, Hailes, and Tickel. Without being accused of flaterry, we pan speak in the most unqualified terms of Madame Gautrot; we heard her sing a solo in a tone of sweetness we have seldom heard surpassed. The other artistes were each excellent in the various songs they sung; the music, also, was much applauded. About fifty persons were present, a number of them from Melbourne, all of whom expressed their entire approbation. We trust we shall see M. Gautrot and friends paying us another visit previous to his embarkation for India.

"INFORMATIONS", The Argus (4 August 1849), 2

"MAINTENANCE", The Argus (9 May 1851), 2

"DRUNKARDS", The Argus (31 August 1852), 3

"AWFUL EFFECTS OF INTEMPERANCE", The Argus (22 July 1853), 5

In the first settlement of this city, John Tickle was a respected and respectable member of the little community. He then owned considerable property in Stephen-street and other parts of the city . . . He was organist of St. James's, and was then cheerfully received into the first society in the place. About twelve years since he became intemperate. From that time his career has been downward . . . This, a few years since, drove his previously respectable wife to intemperate habits also. For some two or three years past they have both been known to the authorities as habitual drunkards, and have for some time past, with their four young children, inhabited a most miserable hovel on the northern side of Collingwood flats; existing there in the greatest wretchedness . . .


"OLD TOWN BANDS", The Herald (23 June 1883), 3 

The first Town Band in Melbourne was formed in 1839, and consisted of about a dozen players, the names and instruments of some of them being Milstead, bass trombone; Oliver, tenor trombone; Browne, bassoon; Griffiths and Tickel, key bugles (cornets being then unknown); Picknell and Smith, clarionets; Drane, picolo; Holley [sic] and Wilkinson, flutes; Anderson (a man of color, y'clept "Black Jack"), big drum; Hamilton, sidedrum; and Samuel, triangle. One or two of the men are still alive. George Tickel, a plasterer by trade, was the leader, and he arranged all the music required by the band with the sole aid of his key-bugle, on which he was a splendid performer, and indeed could play any instrument in the band. Some old colonists will remember his achievements at many of the early land sales, and as liquors of all descriptions were provided by the auctioneers, poor Tickel acquired a habit of drinking which shortened his days. The band made its first public appearance on the streets of Melbourne late on Christmas Eve, when it paraded the town accompanied by as large a turn out of the roving populace as could be mustered. Starting from the Golden Fleece, an hotel of dubious belongings in Bourke street near Kirk's Bazaar, they proceeded westward to William street turning down Lonsdale street, at that time the chosen locus for private residences, and where there were half-a-dozen comfortable cottage villas erected. One of these was occupied by Mr. H. N. Carrington, a then well-known attorney, who, as the bandsmen passed, gave them an acceptable greeting by rolling out a cask of wine into the street, and the welcome Christmas-box was quickly tapped and disposed of. Resuming their promenade, on they went into Spencer street, adjoining which, on what was known as "the Government block," was a stockade of convicts, then employed on street-making and other public works. Those fellows, not knowing what was up, sallied forth in a rather undress condition, and, dashing by the half drunk, sleepy sentry or two supposed to be on guard, struck in with the moving assemblage, and added a new feature to the procession. The line of march was continued southward to Little Flinders street, then a locality of importance, when halt was called at the Ship Inn kept by a jolly-faced, free-handed boniface named Lee, and here after a promiscuous liquoring up, and making other festive calls of a like kind, a noisy dispersion wound up the serenading. The music usually discoursed by this band consisted principally of marches from Puritani and Somnambula, "Duke of York's March," "Copenhagen Waltz," and they almost invariably wound up with the fine old English glee, Dame Durdon. Tickty's band as it was termed obtained many engagements at balls, dinners, races, regattas, and municipal elections etc. Some of the band had employment at the Pavilion and Queen's Theatre, and after a few year's life it gave up the ghost. A second and more select band was organised in 1841, of which the Messrs Middlemiss, Mr. Stainsby and Mr. Roberts of a well-known firm Roberts and Fergusson were members, but though less eventful than Tickle's, it came to an end by the removal of members to the country and other causes. There were besides two Temperance bands established some account of which will be given in a future chapter.

"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 1, 487, 489

"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 2, 575, 982 (DIGITISED)

. . . Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne . . . land was purchased in Russell Street . . . and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall . . . The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony. They were the first to introduce saxe-horns here. They formed a quartette, consisting of P. Hore, first horn; J. Hore, second; S. Hore, tenor; and R. Hore, Senr., bass. (539) . . . In the olden times the annual reaces on the metropolitan course took place in the month of March . . . the steamer 'Aphrasia', which traded to Geelong, was laid on for the racecourse direct; and, as the Town Band was announced to play on board, this was an additional attraction to lovers of music . . . Casting off her moorings, she steamed down the Yarra, and with Tickell's band playing in fine style, "In Days when we went Gypsying, a long time ago" . . . the band playing dance and other music to the satisfaction of the passengers. We were landed on the east bank of the river, on the site selected as the racecourse . . . The band, transferred from the steamer, was perched on a platform erected in one of the booths - a capital draw - for there was sure to be there a constant through changing crowd to listen to the music . . . On the return trip the 'Aphrasia' was crowded with passengers, the band giving them 'The Lass of Richmond Hill', 'The Light of Other Days is Faded', 'The Sea', 'Rory O'More', and other tunes in favour with the public then (981-82) . . .

Personal Reminiscences of John Waugh, Gentleman, 44 Robe Street, St Kilda (1909); Royal Historical Society of Victoria, MS 000091 

. . . The first band in Melbourne was called Tickell's band from the bandmaster who was a talented musician it consisted of I. Tickell and W. Griffiths, key bugles, N. Picknell, and another player clarinets, I. Drane piccolo, I. Hulley flute, G. Milstead, and I. Oliver trombones, N. Anderson (known as Black Bill) base drum, I. Hamilton small drum and S. Marsh triangle player . . . They made their first appearances Christmas morning 1839, and marching up Bourke Street made their way to Lonsdale Street between William & King Streets, which was the fashionable quarter . . . the band then proceeded to the Ship Inn in Flinders Lane, whose landlord was named Jack Lee wound up their proceedings by playing the old English glee, “Dame Durden”, they had previously played many popular airs as the "Sea", "the Lass of Richmond Hill," "Rory O'More," "Copenhagen Waltz" and "Hokey Pokey" and "British Grenadiers" -"My Boat is on Shore," "Such a getting up stairs". This band was much in requisites for public dinners, regattas, races and the bandmaster was often engaged to play his key bugle, at many of the numerous land sales . . .

. . . The Russell Street Temperance band was organised in 1847. M. Tickell was the first bandmaster and the band consisted at first of I. Tickell and W. Morris key bugles, G. Milne and R Heales afterwards premier trombones, R. Knox ophiecleide, A. Meiklejohn trumpet, Ian Knox, W. Weaver, W. Skinner & other clarinets, T. Croft and W. Lacy french horns, N. Stoneham piccolo, J. Woods flute J. Morris flute S. Porlett base drum, I. Gascoyne small drum, I. Marsh triangle and afterwards the Hore family the first sax horns seen in the Colony joined the band P Hore being bandmaster, T. Hore trombardier P. Hore & R. Hore cornets, S. Hore flathorn, Jas. Waugh trombone, and John Waugh clarinet. A public meeting usually took place in the Temperance Hall Russell Street, and the band would usually meet at the corner of Collins and Elizabeth Streets, to draw a crowd to the meeting, then use a popular lady lecturer on temperance in those days, Mrs. Dalgarno, the wife of Capt. Dalgarno of the barque "Loch-na-Garr", who when the vessel was in port, spoke every Tuesday evening, amid much applause. When the diggings opened up at Ballarat in 1851 and nearly all the men in Town went off there, the band was disbanded and never was reorganised, the instruments lay for many years in a cupboards in the Temperance Hall and were at last sold for old brass although they had cost £120 when bought from England. I have already given almost a similar account of this band to Garryowen at his request.

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian historical magazine 15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, 13-14

In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. [John] Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill.

R. M. McGowan, "Ta-Ra-Ra-Boom!", The Argus (8 December 1950), 23 weekend supplement

THE LOVE of the people of Melbourne for music goes back to our very early beginnings. With comparatively trained talent, we seem to have recognised our need for music, and the need to express ourselves in music. There was, of course, a little music played in the homes of those who could afford the rare luxury of a piano sent out from home. There were occasional musical soirees and domestic recitals; later there were concerts and visiting artists. Meanwhile, it was in response to a demand for more public music, at least some public music, in the now three year old settlement that our first Town Band was formed. It was on Christmas Eve, 1839, and it first made its appearance performing for a considerable crowd in front of the Golden Fleece Hotel in Bourke street. Led by George Tickell, a plasterer by trade, but also a versatile musician, the band numbered twelve members, including "Black Bill," the drummer, who, we are told, was noted for his good temper and vigor of playing. Leaving the Golden Fleece and accompanied by a host of bystanders, they then marched up Bourke street to the "stirring notes" of "Rory O'More," and along William street to Lonsdale, "which was the aristocrat part of the town." A cask of wine generously sent out to the crowd by Mr. Carrington enabled them to celebrate Christmas in truly traditional style. What became of this Melbourne Town Band it is hard to discover. Nearly a year later, however, a little advertisement appeared in the "Patriot":

"The Melbourne Amateur Concert Quadrille Band, who have lately had the honour of playing to the elite of fashion . . . respectfully inform the public that they continue to practice (sic) and will endeavour to promote harmony in every shape.''

A postscript indicates that lessons will be given in the violin, violoncello, serpent, trombone, clarinet, flute, French horn, key bugle, bassoon, &c. In 1842, a second Town Band was formed of twelve to fifteen members, under the leadership of Mr. Middlemiss, and somewhere about the same time, the Father Matthews' Total Abstinence Society organised a band of more than twenty players. The prominence of the Total Abstinence Society in Melbourne's early public life comes as a surprise to a Melbournite of 1950. In 1846, yet another band was formed, under the leadership of John Tickell. Among the State Archives at the Public Library of Victoria now lies a little old exercise book, which was kept as the Minute Book of this Teetotal Band during 1846-47. It was given to the State for permanent preservation by Mr. R. W. Jones, grandson of Robert Knox, the band's secretary. According to the Rules and Regulations, the band existed for the use of the Society for "festivals, meetings, tents, processions, &c," but with the permission of the committee, it could also be used for the functions of other bodies. For the first year, they were to meet twice a week "for practice and improvement." Absence or arriving more than half an hour late involved a penalty of a sixpenny fine; absence from six consecutive meetings, the threat of expulsion and forfeit of their ten shillings deposit. The only excuses acceptable were either illness or absence from town - and even this latter was subsequently crossed out! Perhaps it was their Sunday afternoon band recitals in the gardens on Flagstaff Hill that sowed the seed of a tradition that has flowered in Melbourne's afternoons of "Music For The People."

TILKE, William (William TILKE)

Concert hall proprietor

Born Sidmouth, Devon, England, c. 1804/05; son of Joel TILKE and Eliza WESTCOATE
Married Maria J. CALLOW, Williamstown, VIC, 2 August 1855
Died London, England, April 1883, aged 79's+City+Concert+Hall+Melbourne (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"CONCERT AT THE CITY HOTEL", The Age (8 May 1856), 3 

"MATRIMONIAL INTRICACIES", The Age (4 January 1860), 5 

1881 England census, London, St. Mary le Strand; UK National Archives, P.R.O., R. G. 11 / 333 

William Tikle / Head / 74 / Grocer / [Born] Sidmouth Devon
Mary [Tilke] / Wife / 72 / Grocer's wife / Hackney Midd'x

TILLY, George

Violoncellist, vocalist, conductor

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850s-60s


"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (24 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"SALISBURY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1859), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 March 1862), 2

"PORT ADELAIDE SACRED CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (2 July 1863), 2

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Register (17 September 1869), 2

TINGCOMBE, Henry (The reverend; the Rev. Mr. TINGCOMBE)

Church musician, Indigenous song recorder, Monaro district

Born Devonshire, England, 20 September 1809; baptised Plymouth, 27 October 1809
Active Monaro district, NSW, probably c.1836-38
Died Balmain, NSW, 23 July 1874, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Henry Tingcombe, rector of Camden, 1858 to 1872; Camden Library Service and Camden Historical Society 


Isaac Nathan credited Henry Tingcombe with supplying him with the words and melodies of two traditional songs of the Monaro people, Koorinda Braia, and Wargoonda minyarrah. Further to Lhotsky's published A song of the women of the Menero tribe, Tingcombe may also have supplied Nathan with additional information leading to his revision and new arrangement of that song as The Aboriginal Father.

From a merchant family, Tingcombe was based at Maitland in 1835, but in June 1836 he was listed among the Landed Proprietors in the Southern Districts", and it was probably between then and his marriage in January 1839 that he collected the melodies and words of the songs later arranged and published by Nathan. An Anglican, Tingcombe was ordained priest in March 1847, and served in Armidale, Maitland, and Camden. His 1855 letter on church music, and his attempts to form a choir, attest to his musical knowledge and interests.


RG4: Registers of Births, Marriages and Deaths; Devon, Presbyterian, Piece 2159: Plymouth, Unitarian Chapel (Presbyterian), 1785-1835

Henry son of John and Sarah Arscott Tingcombe was born on the 20 of September 1809, and christened on the 27 Day of October 1809 . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 January 1839), 3

MARRIED, On Wednesday, the 9th instant, at St. John's Church, Parramatta, by the Rev. H. H. Bobart, Henry Tingcombe Esq. to Caroline Flora, eldest daughter of the late Captain McLeod, R. N. C. B.

Nathan 1848, 108 

War-goon-da Min-ya-rah is another genuine aboriginal song of the Maneroo tribe, in great request among our antipodal brethren, and is sung by them after the fashion of the Koorinda-braia, it the "Corrobories" and "Kibbaiahs." The melody which is short and simple, comprehending only four measures, but capable of producing great variety of effect, from the animated mode of the natives singing, was kindly presented to us by the Rev'd Henry Tincombe, together with the Koorinda-braia; a gentleman who resided for several years at Maneroo, where he had frequent opportunities of hearing it sung by the aborigines of that district.

Henry Tingcombe, "To the Editor", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 February 1855), 2 

To the Editor of the Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal. Sir - It was with some pain that I read the letter of "Observer," on the subject of Church Music which appeared in your last issue. The difficulty of forming a choir is very great; and those who attempt it are entitled to expect patience and forbearance from their brethren. That some of us are endeavouring to improve the church music it is pretty generally known, and "Observer" would have acted with more taste and propriety, had he given us the benefit of his counsel and assistance, instead of trying to magnify our defects by anonymous publication.

I should not notice his letter, but that I wish to prevent two mistakes into which he has fallen from misleading others.

The first is that the music now used is "difficult". So far from this being the case, it is easiest of all music. Doubtless if people expect to be able to sing it, without giving any time and attention to practising, they will be disappointed. The secular music cannot be performed without practice, neither can that which (though of a higher character) is in its nature more simple. The old church was written for the multitude, it was intended that all should join it. The old folks who wrote and sang, knew what they were about, perhaps better than such critics of these days; and if we may believe such writers as Isaac Walton, the people then did join with fervour and devotion in the services. The beauty of such music consists not [3] so much in the melody, which is usually extremely simple, as in the rich harmonies produced by the other parts, each part itself being easily sung by voices adapted thereto.

When therefore a chant or psalm composed for four voices, is sung without the alto and tenor parts, it sounds thin, and loses half its character, and effect. A few tenor singers we have, and one or two basses; but we must wait with patience in hopes of finding some to sing the alto, or counter tenor part.

It was with a view of training voices to take each separate part that a choral society was projected; but afterwards it was considered more desirable to set apart one night in the week for practice in the church. Accordingly each Friday night some of the congregation assemble from half-past seven until nine o'clock, and I hope that when the time of meeting is more generally known the attendance will be greater. As to difficulty, the tunes for the metrical psalms are the old English compositions with which all church-goers are familiar, set by Hullah, who has attained such celebrity in the art of "singing made easy," and no one need fear to attempt to bear a part. The chants used are published by the "Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge," in a very convenient form, which each member of the congregation can easily obtain. They are by the best masters, and of the simplest construction; but, however easy and simple, without practice was can do nothing. The only real difficulty in chanting is to find persons who can recite together, so that each voice hits the same syllable at the same time. This, without practice, cannot be attained.

So much for the first mistake. The other is the statement that there is not material for forming a choir in Bathurst. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it not," believe it not ye church people, three hundred of whom assemble each Sunday, that we have not sufficient music in our souls, and devotion in our hearts to enable us to bear our parts in the services of the sanctuary! That we have a miserable instrument is true, but we will get a better. Until the school is built, however, I was ask no one for money for this purpose - but if the congregation come forward voluntarily, one-half subscribing ten shillings and the rest five shillings each, ample funds would be provided; and, in that case, I undertake to import an organ, adapted to the size of the church, from one of the best makers in England. But though our instrument be harsh and bad, shall we say that we have not voices sufficient, both in number and power, to "make a joyful noise" in praise of Him who gave them to us? The boys, who have been disparagingly spoken of I contend have done well, but the notion that they are intended to "lead" the congregation is incorrect. They are to sing their parts, but the full choir is what we must depend on to lead the rest.

Lastly, in "Observer's" letter we may note a very sad error when he implies that persons may without impropriety come to church, and listen to the music without attempting to join in it. It is, alas! a common error, and has produced in England, as well as here, a scarcity of material for church music, and choral singing, but not such a dearth as is alleged; and I invite all my fellow churchmen and churchwomen to prove, by their attendance at the church for practice, as well as on Sundays, that we have abundance of material for a choir. They will find their reward in the pleasure by which their efforts will be attended; and our services will be less open to censure, and more worthy of Him in whose house they are offered.

I am, Sir, Your very faithful servant, HENBY TINGCOMBE. Bathurst, Feb. 15, 1855.

"CHURCH MEETING", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (2 May 1860), 2 

On Saturday evening last a public meeting was held in the Court-house, Bathurst, for the purpose of devising and agreeing upon measures for the enlargement of All Saints' Church . . . Rev. H. TINGCOMBE rose to support the resolution ; he said that some years ago he was a minister among them and worshipped with them in their present Church, and he was very glad from this meeting to find that there was much improvement in Bathurst since he left both in secular and ecclesiastical buildings . . . He was exceedingly gratified to witness the improvement which had taken place in the Psalmody of the Church since he had removed and hoped they would contimue to improve. An organ was an instrument composed of various parts, and every pipe had its own part to play, and if one of the pipes was out of tune it required great skill of the performer to prevent a discord; so if there was a screw loose in the community, steps should be taken to keep alive the spirit of harmony and concord, and he hoped that they would all do their duty in this matter . . .

"THE SYDNEY MONTHLY OVERLAND MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1860), 5 

The Rev. Henry Tingcombe, Episcopalian minister at Camden, has had a purse, containing £52 7s. 6d. presented to him by his congregation aa a mark of respect, on the occasion of his approaching departure for England on account of ill health.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1874), 1 

TINGCOMBE. - July 23, the Rev. Henry Tingcombe, aged 63.

"THE REV. HENRY TINGCOMBE, FORMERLY OF ARMIDALE", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (21 August 1874), 7 

(From, the Australian Churchman.) In our last issue, we noticed the death of this estimable clergyman, and we feel sure our readers will be glad to have a sketch of a life which was indeed an ensample to the flock.

Born in Devonshire in the year 1810, Mr. Tingcombe arrived in the colony while still a very young man, and engaged, we believe, in squatting pursuits in the district of Monaro. At this time the pastoral interest was at a low ebb, and many will remember the heavy losses of many of the squatters of that day. Mr. Tingcombe was not long afterwards employed in the Civil Service of New South Wales, and so remained for some years, when he determined to enter the Ministry, and was ordained by Bishop Broughton on the 9th March, 1846, to the cure of St. Peter's, Armidale, New England, which cure he held for a period of nearly nine years . . .

Other recources:

Henry Tingcombe, A sermon preached in St. John's Church, Camden, on Sunday 28th April 1867, on the occasion of the death of James Macarthur

(Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, Printers, [1867]) 

Tingcombe diaries, State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 7474 

A collection of 12 diaries recording Reverend Henry Tingcombe's life at Camden in 1862-70, and 1872-74.

[St John's Anglican Church, Menangle Road, Camden, organ by T. P. Bates (London) 1861, installed 1865], from Sydney Organ Journal (March 1978) 

Historic Bates organ, St. John's, Camden; demonstration by Pastór de Lasala, posted 7 April 2015 

Henry Tingcombe, Monuments Australia, posted 10 May 2015 


Vocalist, Teacher of Italian, French, Scotch and English Singing (from the Royal Academy, Paris)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (29 December 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. - MADEMOISELLE C. T. I. TISROUX has the honour to inform the ladies and gentlemen, her friends, and the inhabitants of Sydney, that her GRAND EVENING CONCERT will take place THIS EVENING, Wednesday, 27th February, when Mademoiselle C. T. I. TISROUX will Introduce Madame Malibran's beautiful "Una Voce Poco Fa," "Do not mingle," "Katheen Mavourneen," a well known French air, " Oh, que l'amour," with her own embellishments. Mademoiselle C. T. I. Tisrou has engaged Mr. T. L VAN DE STADT, who will play " Bonheur De Se Revoir, Fantasia," for the flute, accompanied by Mrs. C. READ. Also will sing the "Marseillaise," and the celebrated singer, Miss MONTAGUE, who will make her first appearance at this concert in Sydney, will sing "Love not," and " Happy Moments." Mr. BANKS will introduce some favourite ballads. A fantasia on piano by Mm. C. READ. Tickets, 5s.; reserved seats, 7s. 6d.; to be had of Mr. Johnson, Pitt-street; Messrs. Sandon and Co. George-street; and at the Bar of the Hotel. Doors open at half-past seven, to commence at eight. Schools and children at half price.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1856), 10

"PUFFING AT THE ANTIPODES", Punch, or The London charivari (5 April 1856), 134 

Some rather rampant specimens of Australian Puffs have recently appeared in the Melbourne Newspapers, a sample of which we insert:

GRAND MORNING CONCERT, for one Morning only. A great treat! MDLLE. T. C. I. TISCROUX (pupil of that great Professor of Singing, Signor SCHEPENS), from the King's Theatre and Hanover Square Concert Rooms, will shortly appear. The celebrity of MDLLE. C. T. I. TISCROUX has caused her to be called in other countries the great rival of Miss Hayes. Her voice being much more musical, has by many professionals been considered much superior to hers, and little (if any) inferior to the renowned JENNY LIND. Her voice being lofty, and clear, and of great flexibility.

The musical world of this country will be taken by surprise at the announcement of the name of SIGNOR SCHEPENS, "that great professor of singing," who must have been all profession and no practice during the few last years; for although we have a tolerably accurate knowledge of all musical celebrities, SCHEPENS is a name that is quite new to us. His pupil, MDLLE. T. C. I. TISCROUX, has it seems been "called in other countries the great rival of Miss Hayes," but those must be "undiscovered countries," as far as our knowledge goes concerning them. It seems that this lady has reminded the public of MISS HAYES by superiority rather than by equality, and indeed LA TISCROUX is somewhat disposed to relinquish her rivalry with the HAYES for the purpose of assuming an equality with JENNY LIND as a more appropriate competitor. We can only express a hope, that if SIGNOR SCHEPENS and his pupil are all that they profess to be, they will, after fulfilling their one night's engagement at Port Philip, give the British public an opportunity of hearing her.

"COURT OF REQUESTS. £30 JURISDICTION", Empire (24 July 1856), 3 

TISCROUX V. HEAD. In this case, which had been previously tried on more occasions than one, the plaintiff sought to recover a sum of money for which the defendant had become liable under the following circumstances: - About a year ago, the plaintiff, who is a professor of music, gave a concert in the Royal Hotel, at which the defendant and his wife assisted the former as ticket-taker, the latter as a singer . . .

TODD, Robert

Bandsman (Band of the 58th Regiment)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1847

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1847), 3s

Robert Todd, a bandsman in the 58th regiment, deposed that he know Tatum and his wife, and had some knowledge of the deceased.


TOLHURST, George William

Professor of Music, teacher of pianoforte, composer, viola player

Born Kent, England, 1827
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 (per Orestes)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, March 1866
Died Barnstaple, England, 18 January 1877 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Tolhurst arrived in Melbourne with his musician father (William Henry Tolhurst) in 1852. According to OCAM, he was a vocal instructor for the Denominational School Board (1854), professor of vocal music at St. Patrick's College (1859), and singing master for the National Board (Feb 1862-Oct 1863). In 1857 he advertised as music-seller and music teacher (piano, harmony and singing) and piano tuner in St. Kilda, and was active in musical and temperance circles, the printer and publisher W. H. Williams one of his amateur colleagues. Though Williams, three of his works were published in 1857 and republished in 1858.

In a lecture on music in July 1858, Tolhurst:

. . . dwelt pleasingly on the general influence of music-its universality and salutary effects, and gave a very interesting sketch of the history of the art, from the most ancient compositions down to the works of Spohr and Costa, illustrating the lecture with performances on the pianoforte of specimens of the styles of the great composers of all ages.

In August he advertised a course of 20 vocal music classes at the National School. In June 1864 he succeeded his friend Henry King as organist of St. James's Cathedral.

Rehearsal for his new oratorio Ruth commenced in July 1863, and it was first performed in Prahran in January 1864. The performance, conducted by his father, and was noted supportively even in London by the Musical Times, a journal later to take a dim view of the work on its London debut. A second performance of Ruth in Prahran Town Hall in March 1865 was also "most favourably received, and its effect was improved by the large additions that have been made since it's first production."

Following a farewell benefit, conducted by Charles Edward Horsley in March 1866, Tolhurst left for England where he had Ruth published. In 1868 the Argus noted the adverse reception of Ruth in England:

We have received from the composer a copy of Mr. George Tolhurst's oratorio of Ruth, a production which our readers are aware has been somewhat severely handled by the musical press of London. It is right to state, however, that the work was very favourably received by the audience which assembled to hear it; and that the metropolitan journals were not quite unanimous in condemning it, the following extract from the critique of the Morning Advertiser is sufficient to show:

"It is impossible immediately after hearing an elaborate and carefully thought-out composition like Ruth, which occupied upwards of three hours, to give any decided opinion as to the place it is likely to take in one of the highest and most classical departments of musical art, but it may be said that the ever-flowing melody which distinguished alike the choruses, the concerted pieces, and the solos, and the rich, full, and appropriate instrumental accompaniments, secured for Ruth such an enthusiastic reception as we rarely remember to have been accorded to any new work of a similar character. With respect to its originality, we are bound to say that the influence of that mightiest of musical musicians pervades the oratorio throughout. Consciously or unconsciously the composer has been under that spell, though there are portions in which a distinctive and individual inspiration is manifest, which shows that Mr. Tolhurst may aspire to produce a work which shall take even a higher stand than Ruth."

One of the earliest applications for government assistance specifically for composers was made by George Tolhurst, in 1866, seeking Victorian Government funding for lithographing his oratorio Ruth:

Offices, Custom House, Melbourne, 4th September, 1866. The Board appointed by the Governor in Council, on the 2nd October, 1865, to consider claims for rewards or premiums for the promotion of new manufactures and industries, in accordance with the Regulations submitted to Parliament on the 12th of the previous July, have the honor to submit the following Report in addition to that furnished on the 19th June last: . . . No. 32. G. Tolhurst, Prahran.-Composition of the oratorio Ruth, and other works . . .. "Lithography of music"

Reproduced in Additional Report of Board appointed to consider claims for Rewards or Premiums for New Manufactures and Industries (Melbourne: Parliament of Victoria, 1866), reproduced in Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand, Volume 2 (Wellington, 1869), appendix 57-58


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 July 1857), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 July 1857), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Musical Times (1 July 1858), 275, also

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Argus (23 July 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 August 1858), 8

[Advertisement]: "THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM", The Argus (21 April 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (16 September 1859), 4

"THE HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (10 December 1860), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 July 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1864), 8

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (19 January 1864), 5

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (22 January 1864), 5

[News], The Musical Times (1 April 1864), 260

[News], The Argus (11 June 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1865), 8

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Argus (25 March 1865), 2s

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (6 March 1866), 5

"ORATORIOS AND REVIEWERS", The Musical Standard (8 February 1868), 57

"MR. GEORGE TOLHURST AND RUTH. To the Editor", The Musical World (28 March 1868), 222

[News], The Argus (21 April 1868), 4

"MUSIC", Illustrated London News (19 December 1868), 591

"CHATHAM", The Musical World (11 November 1871), 726

"DISTANT MUSIC (by Henry C. Lunn, From the London Musical Times)", Dwight's Journal of Music (4 May 1872), 226-27

"Ruth. A Sacred Oratorio", The Monthly Musical Record (1 June 1872), 88

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 April 1877), 1

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 May 1878), 5

Musical Works:

I remember (song; words: Thomas Hood), in The Journal of Australasia 2 (May 1857), 216-17 [attributed to "J. Tolhurst"]

I remember, in Williams's Musical Annual and Australian Sketchbook for 1858  (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 17-18 

O, call it by some better name (song; words: Thomas Moore) in Williams's Musical Annual and Australian Sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W.H. Williams, 1858), 28-30 

God preserve our sovereign's viceroy (anonymous, but identified at Tolhurst's, Musical Times July 1858; premiered Prahran, in the presence of the Governor, February 1858) (later also republished by Joseph Wilkie) 

Ruth: a sacred oratorio (London: For the Composer, [1867]) (Copy at British Library, Music Collections H.1066 [004705091]) (DIGITISED)

The post galop, The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 June 1864) 

Christmas in Australia (prize song) (words: "J. B. T."), The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 December 1864) 

Song (words: George John Pizey) documented Adelaide May 1878; probably sacred song Pray without ceasing (London: T. Broome, [1876]); copy at British Library, Music Collections H.1779.o.(21.) [004705090]

Bibliography and resources:

"Tolhurst", British musical biography (1897), 414

"Tolhurst", OCAM, 554

TOLHURST, William Henry

Viola player, conductor, composer

Born Langley, England, 23 October 1798 (father of the above)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 (per Orestes)
Died Prahran, VIC, 12 March 1873, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Henry Tolhurst (1878-1814) of Langley in Kent was the earliest representative of an extended Tolhurst family of composer-musicians, which extended to his son William Henry, his sons George William and Henry (1825-1864), and most famously Henry's son Henry (1854-1939).

In England, William Henry Tolhurst founded the Sacred Harmonic Society of Maidstone. Among his notable performances in Melbourne, he conducted the first performance of George's oratorio Ruth in Prahran in January 1864, and for the Prahran and South Yarra Musical Society in February 1865, he played viola in Mozart's Trio for piano, clarinet and viola with Charles Edward Horsley and Adam Clerke.

His song The heart that's true (words: Eliza Cook) appeared in The journal of Australasia 2 (June 1857), 273-74, and was reprinted the following year asThe heart that's true in Williams's musical annual and Australian sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 19-20 (the publisher Williams, a singer, was also a member of the Prahran and South Yarra Musical Society).

His only other documented composition was played in May 1868 at the so-called "Alfred Memorial Concert", according to the Argus:

. . . a march, entitled "The Manners Sutton Bridal March", by Mr. W. H. Tolhurst. The principal theme of this composition is good, but not original. The march is a stage march of the 'Blue Beard' character, and is well scored.


"DEATHS", The New Monthly Magazine (1 July 1814), 592

"MAIDSTONE", The Musical World 17 (11 August 1842), 254

Testimonial to W. H. Tolhurst, founder of the Sacred Harmonic Society of Maidstone.

[Advertisement], "Letter List. General Post Office", The Argus (20 April 1855), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1865), 8

"THE ALFRED MEMORIAL CONCERT", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

[News], The Argus (27 October 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 March 1873), 4

Bibliography and resources:

"Tolhurst", British Musical Biography (1897), 414

TOLMER, Alexander (Alexander TOLMER; Captain TOLMER)

Amateur musician

Born England, c. 1815
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 February 1840 (per Branken Moor from London, 4 September 1839)
Died Mitcham, SA, 7 March 1890, aged 74/75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


As a child, Tolmer took lessons on the violin from Isaac Collins (1797-1871), the so-called "English Paganini".


"ANNIVERSARY OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", South Australian Register (16 April 1845), 3 

. . . Tune - "Rise Gentle Moon," by Brother Tolmer, on the violin, accompanied by Brother Bennett on the piano, which, on being loudly encored, was repeated . . . A tune on the Violin, by Brother Tolmer . . . Mr. Phipson . . . proposed "Dr. Kent, Mr. Ewens, Mr. Bennett, Mr. Tolmer, and the other gentlemen who had enlivened the Company with their songs and music." Brother Tolmer returned thanks . . .

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODDFELLOWS", Adelaide Observer (14 November 1846), 5-6 

. . . Captain Tolmer favoured the company with one of his exquisite performances on the violin, which was warmly encored . . .

"HOPE LODGE OF ODDFELLOWS", South Australian Register (11 November 1848), 2 

. . . Brother Tolmer delighted the assembly with a brilliant execution of the "Queen's March" on the violin, which was rapturously though unreasonably encored . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (2 February 1849), 2 

The Quarterly Conversazione of the Mechanics' Institute was held on Tuesday evening, in the New Exchange Room, which was crowded by the members and many visitors . . . The violin performance of Mr. Tolmer was beyond praise. His taste and his feeling must attract the notice immediately, even of a stranger. He attempts not to astonish the vulgar by a meretricious flare of execution, yet he pleases all. He was enthusiastically encored . . .

"HERR RHODES'S VIOLIN. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (20 December 1887), 6 

. . . With regard to my own violin, it has been in my family upwards of 200 years, and belonged to my great grandfather, a German. I brought it with me to England from France in 1823, and although but a child and hardly able to speak a word of English, my father placed me under the tuition of the late celebrated violinist, Collins, at Plymouth, who in after years was known as the "English Paganini." The inscription in the body of the instrument is in the original type, and although greatly obliterated is still discernible as bearing the name of Joseph Guanerius, who waa the father of Andre, the alleged maker of Herr Rhodes's violin, and consequently of greater antiquity. I sincerely trust, therefore, that before Herr Rhodes leaves Adelaide he will consent to have the two instruments examined by connoisseurs on a day to be hereafter named as to their genuineness and relative ralue, &c.
I am, Sir, &c. ALEX.TOLMER. Mitcham, December 17.

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF CAPTAIN TOLMER. AN ADVENTUROUS CAREER", South Australian Register (17 March 1890), 1 supplement 

. . . Mr. Tolmer was born in England in 1815. His mother died when he was an infant, and he was sent to France in charge of relatives. Leaving France at eight years of age he went to Plymouth, where his father was a professor and teacher of languages. He was placed in the local Grammar-school, and making rapid progress he quickly obtained a good knowledge of English. Thus early, too, under the tuition of Collins, the celebrated violinist, known afterwards as the "English Paganini," he learnt to play the violin, and was up to the time of his death an efficient performer upon that instrument . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Reminiscences of an adventurous and chequered career at home and at the Antipodes by Alexander Tolmer . . . vol. 1 (London: Samson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1882), especially 131-32 (DIGITISED) 

[131] . . . [on arrival in 1840] After repeated researches and inquiries, however, I ascertained there were two rooms to be had in a brick cottage somewhere near Hindley Street, which I at once engaged at 25s. per week. The rooms were small, unceiled, and with brick floors; still I thought myself lucky in having secured them. The cottage contained a third room, which was tenanted by two young men, named Bennett and Platts; old colonists will remember tnem both. Poor George Bennett was a teacher of music. He was an excellent pianist, and invariably took part at all convivial parties and entertainments, held either at the Freemasons' Tavern or Queen's Theatre. I especially remember, in the earlier part of February 1841, a comedy or farce called the "Heir at Law," followed by the "Merry Monarch," being performed at the theatre, for some charitable purpose, by amateurs, in the acting of which, George Hamilton and the late Charley Campbell took part, assisted by Mrs. Cameron and Miss Lazaar, and Messrs. Lazaar and Lewis, who were then professionals. Charles Campbell's amusing song was actually drowned by the vociferous laughter . . . [132] . . . On the same occasion I played a solo on the violin on the stage, accompanied by Bennett. As well as I can remember, it was the Grand Triumphal March in "Masaniello" . . .

. . . vol. 2 (London: Samson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1882), especially 280 (DIGITISED) 

[280] . . . From the first of my appointment on the 19th February, 1840, as sub-inspector of mounted police, until my office of superintendent was abolished on the 1st March, 1856, I was always admitted a guest at Government House . . . Well do I remember besides the delightful "at homes" (musical evening parties) given by Lady Young, to which I was especially invited, and in which I took part with my violin, accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Murray . . .

TOMLIN, John Vanhear


? Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


? "DEATH", Geelong Advertiser (28 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1859), 1  

TOMLIN. - JOHN VANHEAR TOMLIN, Musician, is earnestly requested to communicate with his family at 39, Drummond-street, Euston-square, London, or return to England immediately, his Father having been dead nearly three years . . .

TOMPSON, Charles (Charles TOMPSON)

Songwriter ("Australasianus")

Born Sydney, NSW, 26 June 1807
Died Glebe, NSW, 5 January 1883, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)


Native born settler poet, Tompson's Wild notes: from the lyre of a native minstrel (Sydney, 1826), included his "A Song, for January 26, 1824", previously published in the Gazette in 1824 under his pen-name "Australasianus", and a song "Mira, the flower of the vale", to be sung to the air of Jessie, the flower of Dumblane.

Offering no evidence, John Maloney hazarded that Tompson also "probably" wrote the lyrics for Thomas Kavanagh's bravura song The trumpet sounds Australia's fame, as performed at the Sydney Amateur Concerts, the text published in the Australian in July 1826.


"A SONG WRITTEN FOR THE XXVITH JANUARY LAST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 March 1824), 4

"BLACK TOWN", The Monitor (2 June 1826), 6

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (17 June 1826), 4

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

[Review], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 November 1826), 3 

. . . Mr. Tompson's song of "Mira, the flower of the vale," is nearly a transcript of Tannahill's "Jessie, the flower o'Dumblane," with the difference that it neither possesses the simplicity nor pathos of ihe original. Besides, he has introduced two Scotch words into the song for no other reason that we can perceive, than that of rhyme. We give the lines in which they occur, and leave our readers to form their judgment.-
"Than the blooming young rose-bud her cheeks are more bonnie,
Compared with her lips the red coral is pale,
far sweeter, and fairer, and dearer than any,
Is lovely young Mira, the flower of the vale . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1883), 1

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1883), 7


Wild notes from the lyre of a native minstrel, by Charles Tompson, jun. (Sydney: Robert Howe, Govt. Printer, 1826) (DIGITISED) (TRANSCRIPT DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Tompson, Charles (1807-1883)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

John Neylon Maloney, The native-born: the first white Australians (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000), 112f (PREVIEW)

TOMS, C. Reginald (Charles Reginald TOMS; Mr. C. Reginald TOMS)

Professor of music, pianist, music teacher and examiner, composer

Born England, 19 September 1849
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by July 1872
Died Killara, NSW, 17 September 1922


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1872) 10

"MISS EMANUEL'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1873), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1887), 16

"Lavinia," by C. Reginald Toms (W. H. Paling and Co.), is a short piece of music, unpretentious in style, and yet of considerable merit. It has, perhaps, less of what is popularly known as "tune" than the designation on the title-page, of "Song Without Words " might lead one to expect, but the piece is none the worse on that account rather better, in fact. Now-a-days we get too much "tune without music," which is no paradox, any more than is the fact that some of the noblest compositions represent "Music Without Tune," popularly so-called. Mr. Toms' morceau makes higher appeal than, what mere tunefulness can ever attain to. It is well written, and contains not a few progressions which are refreshingly unconventional; while there is a vein of tender sadness pervading the whole that portrays a "sweet sorrow" such us many temperaments love to indulge in. The piece is excellently printed, bearing every evidence of European craft, and is, in every way, a great improvement on the usual colonial style of manu-lithographic music printing.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1888), 4

"PROFESSOR OF MUSIC", Warwick Argus (20 January 1894), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

"MR. C. REGINALD TOMS. MUSICIAN'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

Musical works:

Veronica (3rd song without words for pianoforte by C. Reginald Toms) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1889] 

Two other "songs without words", Lavinia (1887; named after his wife) and Ada (1888).


Music saloon proprietor, publican, convict, emancipist

Born Coventry, England; baptised St. Michael, Coventry, 11 July 1814
Convicted at Warwick, Coventry Assizes, term of life, 24 March 1832
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1 February 1833 (convict per Georgiana, from England, 28 September)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1867, aged 54 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Saloon (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

TOOGOOD, William

Publican, convict, emancipist, actor

Active Emu Plains convict theatre, NSW, 1830 (elder brother of the above)


Emancipist and Sydney publican Alfred Toogood ran a "music saloon" at his Rainbow Tavern, at the corner of King and Pitt Streets, in which violinist George Peck was advertised to appear in April 1860. Later that year he was fined 10 shilling "for allowing music in his house, not having obtained permission".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (3 November 1830), 4 

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1858), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1860), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1860), 8

"DEATHS", Empire (29 May 1867), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2002, 168-70

"Alfred Toogood (1814-1867)", Australian royalty

"Alfred Toogood", facebook 


Actor, comedian, clown, dancer

Born c.1814
Married Eliza CREW, St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, England, 9 July 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (per Trial, from London, via Rio de Janiero, 18 August, and Plymouth, 18 May)
Died Manly, NSW, 13 April 1900, aged 86 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier)


Actor, dancer, vocalist

Born c.1813
Married Andrew TORNING, St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, England, 9 July 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (per Trial, from London, via Rio de Janiero, 18 August, and Plymouth, 18 May)
Died Waterloo, NSW, November 1887, aged 74 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1842), 2 

TORRANCE, George William

Organist, composer, transcriber of Indigenous songs, Anglican priest

Born Rathmines, Dublin, 25 July 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 15 December 1869 (per Thomas Stephens)
Departed October 1897
Died Kilkenney, Ireland, 20 August 1907 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Torrance received a degree of Doctor of Music (ad eundum) by the University of Melbourne in 1879, the first it had awarded. Torrance presented a concert of his music in March 1881, followed by his new oratorio The revelation, or, Vision of St. John in the isle of Patmos ("composed beneath the Southern Cross-many of the themes having been jotted down during a summer walking tour in the Australian bush"), first performed in Melbourne Town Hall on 27 June 1882 (Nos 11, 27, and 29 were added to the score later). He was a mentor of the young Melbourne pianist Ernest Hutcheson, and in 1887, in association with A. W. Howitt published both verbal and musical transcription of a number of Indigenous songs sung to him by William Barak. In 1888, Torrance together with Plumpton, Hazon and Zelman formed the jury that selected the H. J. King's entry for the Centennial Cantata contest.


Birth record:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 December 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (17 December 1869), 5


"THE TOWN-HALL. DR. TORRANCE'S MUSIC", The Argus (1 March 1881), 7

"THE NEW ORATORIO. THE REVELATION", The Argus (28 June 1882), 9

[News], The Argus (21 April 1888), 11

"ERNEST HUTCHESON", The Argus (9 June 1888), 6

"MUSIC REVIEW", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 January 1890), 14

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1897), 9


"DEATHS", The Argus (23 August 1907), 1

"DR. AND MRS. TORRANCE. THEIR DEATH IN IRELAND", The Argus (27 August 1907), 5



The Melbourne Exhibition march (as adopted by the ceremonial committee) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., 1880?) 

A matin song (words: P. Moloney; composed for, sung and sold at Ye Olde English Fayre, Melbourne, December 1881) ([Melbourne]: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) 

"Music of the Australian Aboriginals" (Kurburu's Song; Wenberi's Song; Corroboree Song), The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society 16/3 (1886), 335-40 

The land beyond the sea (sacred song) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1893] 

Bibliography and resources:

Farran 1968

Robin S. Stevens, "Torrance, George William (1853-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

TOTTEN, Elbert

Agent, travelling musician (Totten's Harmoneons)

Active Australia, 1852-61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Harmoneons (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1852), 1

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Courier (9 February 1853), 2

"CUSTOMS CHARGES. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (5 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (16 November 1854), 1 

THIS IS TO CERTIFY that we, the undersigned, do from this day resign all connection with the Company of Serenaders, known as TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS, having by mutual consent DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP. ELBERT TOTTEN. JOHN O. PIERCE.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 May 1861), 8


John Ottis Pierce

TOURRIER, Theodore John

Composer, music teacher

Active Victoria, VIC, by 1881


[News]. The Gippsland Times (14 March 1881), 3

"SANDHURST LIEDERTAFEL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 September 1885), 3

"EXHIBITION CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (14 March 1888), 13

Musical works:

Australia (National Song)  (? composed [1885]; published: Sydney: J. Albert & Son, [after 1900])

Thora's song (words: Adam Lindsay Gordon), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (9 November 1889), 12-13

Those happy days (song: words: Albert G. Dawes) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1889])

A pamphlet on music teaching and learning (pianoforte and singing) by T. John Tourrier (Melbourne: A.H. Massina, [189-?])

TOWERS, Frederick Wilson

Pianist ("The Australian Thalberg"), organist, choral conductor

Born ? c. 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 July 1853 (per Erasmus, from London)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865
Active Geelong, VIC, by 1870
Died Melbourne, VIC, 15 December 1872, aged 24 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (4 December 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1865), 8

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (29 December 1870), 4 

"DEATHS", The Age (16 December 1872), 2 

Musical works:

O salutaris (composed and dedicated to Miss F. Bassett by F. W. Towers), MS 

Salve Regina; F. W. T.; MS 

TOWNS, Edwin (Edwin TOWNS; Mr. E. TOWNS)

Professor of dancing, actor, dancer

Active Launceston and Hobart, TAS, 1847-54; ? 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (10 April 1850), 230

MR. EDWIN TOWNS, Professor of Dancing, begs to inform the public of Launceston and its vicinity, that on and after Monday next, the 15th instant, he will pursue his profession as teacher in all branches, and trusts, by strict attention to receive a share of public patronage. Terms can be ascertained upon application at the London Inn. N. B. - Allowances made to schools an families. The "Mazourka Quadrilles" taught on the newest style. April 10.

"MR. TOWNS' BENEFIT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (27 March 1852), 2 

On reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr. E. Towns takes his Benefit, at the Albert Theatre, on Monday evening next. The pieces selected are, the tragedy of "The Revenge;" to be followed by an interlude, consisting of Singing and Dancing; to conclude with the musical farce of "The Two Gregories." Mr. Towns has been performing in Hobart Town for the last eight years, and we hope he will have a "bumper" bouse, as he if invariably "up" in his part,and discharges the duties aiioUed (o Itim with talent.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 November 1850), 763 

OLYMPIC ROOMS. - Mr. Alfred Howson and Mr. Edwin Towns beg to acquaint their friends and the public, that they have taken the above rooms for a short season, and that it is their intention to open them on Monday and Thursday evenings in each week with a ball, the first to take place on Monday night next, the 4th November. Admission two shillings. Doors open at half-past eight. Dancing to commenece at 9 o'clock. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. A. Howson. Master of the Ceremonies, Mr. E. Towns. November 2.


Departures, Launceston for Melbourne, 15 April 1854; Tasmanian names index 

? [Notice], New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (1 October 1860), 2

Return of Prisoners confined in H. M. Gaol Parramatta, sentences expire during the month of October, 1860 . . . Edwin Towns . . .

? "PRISONERS DISCHARGED", Repots of crime, etc., etc., for police information [NSW] (1 November 1860), 2 

Return of Prisoners discharged from H. M. Gaol, at Parramatta, during the week ending 28th October, 1860: - . . . Edwin Towns (or Tarns) . . .

TOWNSEND, Joseph Phipps

Traveller, writer, transcriber of Indigenous song

Born UK, 1812
Australia 1842-46
Died UK, 1888 (NLA persistent identifier)


Townsend travelled country NSW, from Ulladulla to the Illawarra, and his Rambles and observations (1849) includes several observations of native song. Not always a sympathetic observer, he borrowed a couplet from Ford: "When they joined in doleful chorus,/How these happy blacks did bore us" (90), yet admitted at the same time that one of his most admired native guides, "Jimmy Woodbury" was "a great man at corrobbories . . . and I know that he has walked fifty miles, in one day, in order to join in a dance at night (89, also 97). Townsend also noted: "When our blacks visited Sydney, and saw the military paraded, and heard the bands, they said that was 'white fellow' corrobbory'. . .". Also: "Their own songs are monotonous, and consist of the frequent repetition of a few words, such as, 'Water, water, where is water? There is water, welling out of the ground'; but this, of course, is sung in their own dialect. They have their bards or rhymers, who compose their songs; and, when a new song is produced, it passes quickly from tribe to tribe" (100). He also printed An Aboriginal chant (In New South Wales), in Rambles and Observations, 91.

See main entry on the chant:



Joseph Phipps Townsend, Rambles and Observations in New South Wales with sketches of men and manners, notices of the Aborigines and glimpses of scenery, and some hints to emigrants (London: Chapman and Hall, 1849)

"REVIEW (From the Colonial Magazine for June)", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1849), 3-4

Joseph Phipps Townsend papers, 21 July 1846-24 September 1862 (SL-NSW MLMSS 1461)

TOWSEY, Arthur John


Born Henley-on-Thames, England, June 1847
Arrived Dunedin, NZ, 1865
First visited Australia, ? June 1866
Died Cambridge, NZ, June 1931



"PORT OF HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (16 June 1866), 2

"Melbourne Items", Alexandra Times (19 January 1872), 1

An offer has been made to the Corporation by Mr. Arthur J. Towsey, of New Zealand, to fill the post of organist to the Town Hall organ. He describes himself as having been for six years a pupil of Sir F. A. Gore Ousely's, and accustomed to play on first-class instruments. The terms are to be made a subject for arrangement if the offer is entertained. Some progress has been made in the erection of the organ, but it is evident that another Christmas will have drawn near before the instrument can be played upon in public.

[News], The Argus (4 October 1888), 9

The following selections will be played on the grand organ in the Town hall, this afternoon, by Mr. Arthur Towsey, of Christchurch, New Zealand, at 4 o'clock: - 1. Offertoire in B major (Wely); 2. Selection, "Water Music" (Handel); 3 (a) Andante violin concerto (Mendelssohn); (b) Adagio and andante (Giornovichi); 4 Toccata and fugue d mi. (Bach); 5 (a) Minuet and trio (Calkin) (b) Pastorale, 8th concerto (Corelli); 6 Offertoire in F major (Batiste); Finale, National Anthem.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 October 1888), 16

"MUSIC AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (6 October 1888), 18

ORGAN RECITAL. In the afternoon of yesterday there was a numerous but shifting attendance of the public at the organ recital given at the great organ in the music-room at the Exhibition, under the hands of Mr Arthur Towsey, from Christchurch, New Zealand. The selections with one exception, were the same as given at Mr. Towsey's performance on the Town-hall organ on Thursday afternoon, and need no further comment than that the player's method met with general approval.

"MR. ARTHUR JOHN TOWSEY", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (9 November 1889), 9

"THE NEW ZEALAND EXHIBITION. THE OPENING CEREMONY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1889), 7

"NOTED MUSICIAN. MR. ARTHUR TOWSEY DEAD", Auckland Star (9 June 1931), 8 

"NOTED MUSICIAN. DEATH OF MR. A. TOWSEY", New Zealand Herald (10 June 1931), 11

CHOIRMASTER AT NINETEEN. FOUNDER OF AUCKLAND CHOIR. Well known as an organist, and choirmaster in the Dominion for over 65 years, Mr. Arthur Towsey died at Cambridge yesterday at the age of 86. At a very early age, Mr. Towsey showed exceptional talent as a musician and was appointed organist and choirmaster of St. Paul's Cathedral, Dunedin, when he was only 19 years old, coming from England to occupy the post. Born at Henley-on-Thames, Mr. Towsey soon showed remarkable talent for music and at the age of seven years began the study of the pianoforte, his teacher being the organist of the Henley parish church. Two years later he was awarded a scholarship in singing at a college in Worcestershire [St. Michael's Tenbury], where his tutors included such eminent musicians as Sir F. A. Gore Ouseley, the director of the college, under whom he studied singing and harmony, and Sir John Stainer and Mr. Langdon Colledge, who were his teachers for the pianoforte and organ. With his arrival at Dunedin in 1865, Mr Towsey was engaged in professional practice in addition to his duties as organist and choirmaster at St. Paul's Cathedral. In 1878 he obtained leave of absence and returned to England for two years' further study under notable men. During that period he gave daily organ recitals at the Alexandra Palace in place of Mr. Frederick Archer. He frequently played at the week-day services at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, for Sir John Stainer. Returning to the Dominion in 1880, Mr. Towsey continued his duties at the cathedral before accepting a similar appointment three years later at Christchurch, where he was also conductor of the three musical societies. During a visit to Melbourne in 1888 he gave organ recitals at the exhibition held there during that year. Returning to his former position in Dunedin, when he came back from Melbourne in 1889, Mr. Towsey was musical director of the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition held in that year. Having refused an appointment in Melbourne for health reasons, Mr. Towsey came to Auckland in 1891 to accept the position of organist of St. Matthew's Church, which he occupied for about ten years. At the same time he was conductor of the Orchestral Union. He is perhaps best remembered in Auckland as the founder of the Auckland Liedertafel, afterwards the Auckland Male Choir and now the Royal Auckland Choir. From Auckland Mr. Towsey removed to Wanganui, to another church appointment, finally taking up his residence at Cambridge. Although he had retired from professional life he still continued his musical activities as organist and choirmaster of the Presbyterian Church there. Mr. Towsey is survived by his daughter, Mrs. J. Monfries, with whom he lived at Cambridge, and Mr. Cyril Towsey, the well-known musician of Auckland.

TOZER, Caroline (Miss TOZER) = Mrs. PERYMAN (Mrs. PERRYMAN)

TOZER, Miss (? Elizabeth Peryman TOZER; Mrs. Edward LANE)


? Born c.1832
Active Adelaide, SA, c.1860-62
? Married Edward LANE, North Adelaide, SA, 6 March 1862
? Died Gawler, SA, 12 January 1899


Caroline Tozer continued at appear in public as "Miss C. A. Tozer", and to be referred to in press notices as "Miss Tozer", for some months after her marriage. Her sister can probably be reliably be identified as the "Miss Tozer" by early 1860.


"GAWLER INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (21 November 1857), 8 

. . . At the termination of the address the audience were treated with a vocal and instrumental concert in which Miss Petman and the two Misses Tozer, assisted by Mr. Edwards, won the complete suffrage of their hearers, and the Brunswick Band reaped a harvest of applause . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (29 February 1860), 1 

"MR. R. B. WHITE'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (3 March 1860), 2 supplement 

. . . Our talented and accomplished young townsman was assisted by Miss Bryan, Miss Tozer (sister of Mrs. Peryman), Miss Polhill, Mr. Christen, and Mr. Schrader, each of whom fully sustained their previous reputation . . .

"NORTH ADELAIDE WESLEYAN CHAPEL", The South Australian Advertiser (26 December 1860), 6 

. . . The choir, under the direction of Mr. J. Rowe, during the evening performed the following pieces of sacred music: "Jehovah's awful throne,' "Lift up your head, O Zion," "When the Lord shall build up Zion," also Handel's "Hallelujah Chorus," from the Messiah. A solo by Miss Tozer, "Eve's lamentation," was beautifully sung and deservedly applauded. The meeting separated at 10 o'clock.

"MOUNT PLEASANT", South Australian Register (16 October 1861), 2 

. . . Glover's delightful duet, "Gathering flowers," splendidly sung by Mrs. Peryman and Miss Tozer, received an enthusiastic encore, which was responded to by the substitution of "Like sunbeams gaily dancing" . . .

LINKS: Stephen Glover, The flower gatherers

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (7 March 1862), 2 

LANE - TOZER. - On the 6th March, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Archer-street, North Adelaide, by the Rev. J. B. Waterhouse, Mr. Edward Lane, of Gawler, to Miss Elizabeth Peryman Tozer, of North Adelaide.

TRACY, Charles Austin (Charles Austin TRACY; TREACEY)

Professor of music, organist, composer

Born Ireland, c. 1838; ? Tullamore, Offaly, 5 October 1837
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Waverley, NSW, 27 September 1896, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CITY COURT", The Argus (5 October 1866), 7

Patrick O'Brien was charged by Charles Treacey, who said that he was a professor of music, with violently assaulting him. Both parties were connected with the choir of St. Patrick's Church, and it was from a dispute arising out of matters relative to the choir that the quarrel and assault had taken place. Defendant admitted the charge, and expressed his regret for what had occurred. He was fined 20s., and required to enter into his own recognisance in £20 to keep the peace for three months.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (30 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], Williamstown Chronicle (24 August 1878), 2

"CONCERT ON MONDAY NIGHT", The Maitland Mercury (27 September 1890), 4

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. C. A. TRACY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1896), 4

The remains of the late Charles Austin Tracy (professor of music) were interred in the Waverley Cemetery yesterday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering . . . The deceased had been in the colonies about 30 years, and since his arrival had been organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, for 16 years, and had also officiated as organist of the Maitland Cathedral for two years, and at the Goulburn Cathedral for two years. He had devoted most of his time to sacred music, and had composed several masses and church services, which have been sung in the various churches throughout Australia. The deceased leaves a widow and grown-up family, some of whom are filling the positions of organists in the suburban Churches.

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 October 1896), 1

Musical works:

Laudate dominum de coelis, Ps. CXLVIII (sacred chorus diversified with solos and adapted with Latin and English words, composed for the opening of organ at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, March 1880 by Charles A. Tracy (Melbourne: Fergusson & Mitchell, [1880])

Note (Randwick Catholic Parish Magazine, 2011):

Charles Austin Tracy, a professor of music, came to Australia in 1866 from Dublin, Ireland when he was appointed the first organist in the newly built St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne. He and Mary Shanahan (a member of the St Patrick's Choir) were married in 1867 and had seven children. Later he was organist at the Cathedrals in Goulburn and Maitland, and then settled in Waverley.


Violinist, conductor, musical director

Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1880
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1883 (on the Sydney, for Port Said)


"Shipping News", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (31 July 1880), 2

"SPECIAL EXHIBITION SUPPLEMENTS", The Argus (1 October 1880), 5

Signor Ortori's concert at the Athenaeum on Wednesday night was not very well attended, but a very good musical entertainment was provided for those who were present. Some few alterations were made in the programme submitted, but they did not affect the result. The concert began with the allegro movement of Schumann's quartett in E flat, played by Messrs. Ortori, Tramaglia, Bomon, and Otto Linden. The Andante and Finale movements of the same work were given at the commencement of the second part of the programme by the same players, who were deservedly well applauded . . .

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (13 December 1880), 6

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 June 1881), 5

The Adelaide String Quartet Club will hold the second of their popular matinees this afternoon at the Academy of Music, when no doubt another large and fashionable audience will be present. In addition to most of the performers who took part in the first concert, Mr. Stanton, the well-known pianist, will officiate on the present occasion, and the programme comprises some very choice classical selections. The principal feature is an octuor for four violins, two violas, and two violoncellos, op. 20 (Mendelssohn), by Messrs. Hall, Tramglia, Stanton, Barton, Hales, Schrader, Bomon, and Winterbottom. Messrs. Bomon and Tramaglia, of the Theatre Royal orchestra, have been specially engaged for the occasion to strengthen the company.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 March 1883), 8

[News], Bruce Herald (13 April 1883), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 May 1883), 4

"LATE SIGNOR PAGNOTTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1924), 10 

TRANTER, William Joseph (William Joseph TRANTER; W. J. S. TRANTER; W. TRANTER)

Violinist, band-leader, composer, double bass player

Born London, England, 7 May 1827; baptised St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, 7 October 1827, son of William and Matilda TRANTER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, July 1852 (per Mariner, "W. Joseph Tranter, 25")
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852; Sydney, NSW, by 1856; ? Ballarat, 1861


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch . . . in the year 1827; London Metropolitan archives 

No. 1296 / [1827 Oct.] 7 / William Joseph son of / William and Matilda / Tranter / Feathestone Street / Musician / [born] 7 May 1827

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 August 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 December 1852), 8 

The Band, under the able leadership of Mr. Tranter, will be increased . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1854), 8

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1855), 4

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1855), 5

Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General, Lady Denison, and family, honored this Theatre with their presence on the occasion of Miss Catherine Hayes' third appearance in English opera, as Arline, in M. W. Balfe's Bohemian Girl. The house, as on the two previous evenings when this opera was produced, was crowded by thousands of delighted auditors. The band of Her Majesty's Xlth Regiment assisted on the occasion, and the national airs of England and France were performed amidst enthusiastic applause. The opera throughout was admirably sustained . . . In Mr. Balfe's piquant instrumentation, the orchestra, under M. Lavenu's direction, did ample justice. The obligato accompaniments of M. Couat, violin; M. Tranter, double bass; and M. Francesco Volpi, clarionet, demand especial attention.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

"BANQUET AT CLARKE'S ROOMS", Empire (17 March 1858), 4

The annual banquet in honour of the Patron Saint of Ireland, was held last evening at Mr. Clark's Rooms, Elizabeth-street . . . The room in which the banquet was held is large and. lofty, and admirably calculated to make a first-rate dining-room for a large number of persons. At each end is stationed a gallery, the one for the musicians, the other for visitors, &c. About 220 gentlemen sat down to dinner . . . An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Tranter, assisted by Mr. Wheeler, attended, and throughout the dinner played several Irish airs excellently, and they acquitted themselves no less successfully in performing the airs following each toast.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1858), 4 

. . . John Winterbottom, conductor
R. Vaughan, Charles Frederichs, F. S. Wilkinson, W. Dalton, S. Davis, L. Hall, W. J. S. Tranter, Charles Eigenschenk.
Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, December 9.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably, correctly, Christian Fredericks, Isaac Davis, and John Thompson Hall

? "CARNGHAM", The Star (26 April 1861), supplement 1 

Musical works:

The Veno galop ("by W. Tranter; dedicated to G.T. Rowe, Esq. [owner of the horse Veno] by the publisher") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) 


Crier, bell-man, convict

Born UK, c. 1772
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1820 (per Guildford)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 29 May 1842, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Trapp, John; conduct record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1441402; CON31/1/42,190,41,F,60 (DIGITISED)

[Tickets of leave], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (14 May 1824), 1 

[New], Colonial Times (6 June 1837), 7 

"POLICE REPORT", The Hobart Town Courier (9 June 1837), 4 

Dr. Lhotsky complained of John Trapp the crier, for that he did not cry his publication entitled "Information for the People." The worthy Dr. stated it was not only on account of the detriment which his publication had sustained by not being cried, but it was a system of deception which was likely to gain ground, if allowed to pass unnoticed; he had enquired of many "people," but none had heard of his "information" by means of the crier. The man, Trapp, however, it appears, did not keep the money he had received, but returned it as he was engaged upon more important affairs - therefore the crier was guilty of no deception; what he might have been guilty of, had he puffed this precious publication, we leave the public to judge.

"THE ELECTION", Tasmanian Weekly Dispatch (5 March 1841), 2 

In the Hobart Town Advertiser of Tuesday last there is a squib, in which the name of Mr. Daniel Muprhy, of the Court of Requests Department, is introduced as a candidate for the honor of Commissioner of Roads . . . If the writer of the howdacious article in question had recommended Mr. John Trapp, of noisy notoriety, that would have been consistent, because he could have put'em all up, and the Police could have knocked 'em all down, in one lot, and "God save the Queen," and a chapter or two out of Joe Miller, would have settled the matter!

"Van Diemen's Land", Australasian Chronicle (25 January 1842), 2 

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1184926; RGD35/1/1 no 1087 (DIGITISED)

[No] 1087 / May 29th / John Trapp / Seventy one yrs / Delerium Tremens

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (13 June 1842), 2 

Mr. Trapp. - It is our melancholy task to record the demise of a person in this town, who has done more to promote the interchange of our commodoties [sic] than almost any other of our community. In every ease of transfer, which waited not the slow process of retail dealing, or the formality of the wholesale merchant's transactions, his voice was ever raised for the public weal. Assiduous in his duties, he did more to give publicity to the business patronised by him "for a consideration," than even our own advertising columns, aiding his constituents both by tongue and bell, and generally contriving to blend amusement and instruction with business. But alas for the fleeting nature of our enjoyments! No more shall the sonorous voice attract the crowd of urchins, anxious for the appearance of the good natured old man. No more shall the truant school boy look forward to his assistance in the translation of his neglected Greek or Latin task, as a means of escaping the infliction of the birch from his deceived pedagogue. His bell is cracked, his clapper at rest, his locomotive and stentorian powers exhausted, and Mr. Trapp, our ancient bell-man, has, we trust, exchanged the music of his own creation, for a more, melodious and abiding occupation. "Requiescat in pace." - Hobart Town Advertiser, June 3.

TRAVERS, Erskine

Tenor vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, November 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 1 

TO THE MUSlCAL WORLD.- The celebrated English Tenor, ERSKINE TRAVERS, has just arrived. Address TENOR, Herald Office.

TREHARNE, Bryceson

Pianist, composer, educator, writer on music

Born Wales, c.1878/79
Arrived Adelaide, SA, March 1900
Died 1948 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


TREVOR, Frank (Mr. Frank TREVOR)

Tenor vocalist (Lyster opera company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died Manly Beach, Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 37


According to Fred Lyster (1882), who had himself been in the navy for three years, Trevor had been "third mate of an Indiaman before he forsook the quarter-deck for the stage". He appeared with the Lyster company in America in 1858-59, and by the time it reached Australia was secondo tenore to Henry Squires. He toured Australia and New Zealand with the company, and was still performing in mid-1865, but died after a long illness in mid-1866.


"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

? "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1851), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (22 April 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1865) 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 4

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 119, 128, 251

TREVOR, Joseph Robinson (Mr. J. R. TREVOR)

Professor of Music, violinist, pianist, conductor

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1858
Died Ballarat, VIC, 15 March 1898, aged 75


[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

"DINNER TO HENRY S. LEAKE", The Star (19 July 1861), 1s

"FIRE IN THE MELBOURNE ROAD", The Star (11 November 1862), 1s

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (6 January 1864), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (18 June 1864), 2

[News], The Ballarat Star (16 March 1898), 2 

"BALLARAT", The Argus (16 March 1898), 6

TRIGG, Henry

Promoter of congregational church singing

Born Gloucester, England, 30 June 1791
Arrived Fremantle, WA, October 1829 (per Lotus)
Active Perth, WA, 1836
Died Perth, WA, 15 February 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"CHURCH SINGING", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (15 October 1836), 781

"To the Editor", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (22 October 1836), 785 

To the Editor of The Perth Gazette. Sir, - Observing in your last week's Paper, a paragraph on Church-singing, in which my name is mentioned, I shall feel obliged if you will return my thanks to " A Churchman" for the credit he has given me in endeavouring to promote the same, and to assure him no one regrets its discontinuance more than myself, but singing Sunday after Sunday, almost alone, against rush walls, I found to be a very unpleasant task, and, concluding it was a matter in which very few felt any interest, I of course declined it. The only parties I ever heard express a like or dislike during my long attempt to establish it, was the Rev. Mr. Wittenoom, and, I think, three others, except those who at times kindly assisted. I beg to say, that the Rev. Gentleman always seemed to feel a pleasure in sending books, or giving anything to promote it', and frequently expressed the pleasure he felt in that part of the service . . .

"THE JUBILEE OF METHODISM IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA", The Inquirer and Commercial News (20 June 1890), 5 

. . . During an evening Mr. Trigg was conducting service, the sermon of which was on the Trinity, he was interrupted by a drunken man entering the room. The venerable preacher had just uttered the words "O glorious Trinity - two in one and one in three," when the interloper shouted out "who did not know that two and one made three?" Mr. Trigg stopped his discourse immediately and after a short pause, said "Friends, let us sing a verse," and at the same time gave out the following lines:

"Grace, 'tis a charming sound,
Harmonious to the ear;
Heaven with the echo shall resound,
And all the earth shall hear."

While these lines were being sung some of the congregation diligently engaged themselves in putting the drunken man out, and one of them, Mr. J. Smith, was rather roughly handled by him, and during the scuffle his frock coat was torn asunder. Mr. Inkpen acted as chapel keeper, and one morning he heard the chapel bell ringing on the race course. The races were held, in those days, at the back of the present Railway Station. Yes, there sras our bell doing duty for the Devil! It was, however, soon brought back by Mr. Inkpen and put into its proper place once more. About this time some doggerel lines were circulated against our Society, as follows:

"I diddle diddle old Trigg and his fiddle,
Old Lazeaby Reached to the Moon;
Old Miley Hutton sang Paalms to her mutton,
And Waldeck - he swallowed the spoon."

The above verse requires a little explanation in order to be understood. Mr. Trigg was leader of our choir; he played the violincello. Mr. Lazenby had, when preaching, a habit of looking towards the ceiling, and Mrs. Hutton, one of our most earnest workers, kept a butcher's shop in Murray-street; Mr. Waldeck, one of the choir, did at times open his mouth rather wide, but certainly he never swallowed a spoon . . .



Active Perth, 1845
Died Perth, WA, 5 June 1912, aged 88


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, "Father of Mercy", very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash . . . the fine bass of Mr. Nash rendered the harmony complete, and left nothing for the most critical ear to cavil at.

"Arrival of the Mail Steamer Shanghai", Inquirer (25 May 1853), 1s

"Death of an Old Colonist", Western Mail (8 June 1912), 25 

The death of a very old colonist, in the person of Mrs. Amelia Devenish, occurred at her residence on Wednesday of last week. The deceased, who was 88 years of age, arrived at Fremantle from London, with her mother, the late Mrs. Amelia Trigg, in the ship Egyptian, in the year 1831, after a voyage lasting four months, and had resided in Perth ever since. When she arrived the population of Perth was about 200, and Governor Stirling resided in a tent at Garden Island. Her father, the late Mr. Henry Trigg, built the first Government residence, which now stands in the Government Domain, and is used as stables. She will be remembered as one of the first workers for the Independent Church and School, and took part in the first performance of sacred music at St. George's Church, on May 7, 1845, in aid of the funds for the purchase of an organ for the church. She leaves a grown-up family of six sons. The funeral took place on Thursday afternoon in the Congregational Cemetery, East Perth, and was representatively attended, the Rev. B. C. Wieland conducting the burial service. The re- mains were laid in the family vault beside those of her father and mother, who pre-deceased her 30 years ago. The chief mourners were Messrs. Henry William, Stephen Baldwin, and Arthur Devenish (sons), Miss Ruth Devenish (grand-daughter), and Messrs. Ralph, Sydney, Roy, and Harold Devenish (grandsons). The pall bearers were Mr. Geo. Randell, Mr. W. G. Johnston, Mr. W. Padbury, and Mr. E. Snook. The funeral arrangements were in the hands of Messrs. Bowra and O'Dea.

Bibliography and resources:

P. J. Coles, "Trigg, Henry (1791-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967) 

TRISTRAM, John William

Amateur musician, composer

Born Gillingham, Kent, England, 7 October 1870
Arrived Australia, c.1880
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 19 August 1938


"MR. J. W. TRISTRAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1938), 5 

Mr. John W. Tristram, the well-known artist, died last Thursday at the age of 67. Mr. Tristram, who was born at Old Brompton Castle, in Kent, arrived in Sydney when he was 10 years old. He entered the Education Department as an architectural draughtsman, being the last man to enter the service by warrant under Governor Loftus, and he remained in the service for 45 years. He retired a few years ago. Among the buildings erected under his supervision are the Sydney Conservatorium and the Armidale Public School. Apart from his skill as a water colourist, Mr. Tristram was a gifted musician, though he never published any of his compositions.

Bibliography and resources

"Tristram, John William (1870-1938)", Obituaries Australia

TROEDEL, Charles (Johannes Theodor Charles TROEDEL)

Music lithographer, printer, and publisher

Born Hamburg, Germany, 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, Active Melbourne, 5 February 1860 (passenger on the Great Britain)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 31 October 1906, aged 71 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



[Advertisement], The Argus (21 July 1863), 7

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (29 December 1863), 6

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

"DUKE OF EDINBURGH WALTZ", South Australian Register (5 November 1867), 2

[News], The Argus (26 June 1869), 5

Last evening a very graceful tribute was paid to Mr. Charles Troedel, the well-known lithographer, on the occasion of his marriage-eve, by his fellow members of the German Liedertafel. Under the leadership of their conductor, Herr Sprinckhorn, the association assembled before Mr. Troedel's residence, in Russell-street, and serenaded him in the good old style of the fatherland. The pieces sung were Spohr's Polterabend or nuptial song, a serenade by Hennerberg, and Schaffer's Liedertafel polka. The effect of the music as sung under the quiet moonlight was very fine, and the group of singers, lit up by the lanterns held by some of the serenaders, was in quaint keeping with the unique character of the ceremony. After the music the serenaders were entertained at Mr. Troedel's residence, and the health of the intending Benedick was proposed in a humorous speech by Dr. Jonasson, the president of the society.

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1906), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 238-39 (main entry) (DIGITISED)

TRUDA, Joseph (Giuseppe)


Died 5 January 1903

TRUDA Michael

TRUDA, Nicola

TRUDA, Salvatore


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1886


"PHARMACISTS' PICNIC", Evening News (26 March 1886), 3

The Brothers Truda, comprising flute, 1st and 2nd violins, and harp, supplied excellent music throughout the day.

"MUSICIANS OUT OF HARMONY", Evening News (12 March 1902), 4

"MUSICIANS OUT OF HARMONY", Evening News (22 April 1902), 6

"IN MEMORIAM", Brisbane Courier (7 January 1924), 4

TRUMAN, Ernest

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Weston-Super-Mare, England, 29 December 1869
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1885 (from NZ)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 October 1848 (NLA persistent identifier)


Major colonial works:

Violin concerto, op. 25 (Sydney 1894, full score, 52 p.; also piano score), in manuscript music (15 works/items; at NLA)

Club life (comic opera in 2 acts) (1894; composed by Ernest Truman, words by A. B. Paterson) (rough MS for chorus practice, copied by W. J. Banks) 

Mass in D minor, op. 42, for chorus and orchestra (1899; photocopy of MS full score) 

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 397-98 (main entry)

G. D. Rushworth, "Truman, Ernest Edwin Philip (1869-1948)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Graeme Skinner, "Ernest Truman"

TUCKER, Edward (John Josephus TUCKER; Mr. TUCKER; "Edward" TUCKER; Mr. J. TUCKER)

Violinist, orchestra leader

Born Brighton, Sussex, England; baptised Brighton, 5 May 1824, son of John TUCKER (1792-1861) and Frances (Fanny) SQUIRE (1793-1863)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1852 (per Statesman, from Gravesend, 22 June 1852, and Portsmouth, 28 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, Sydney and Maitland, NSW, 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 25/26 May 1856 (per Royal Charter, for Liverpool)
Married Elizabeth Coley KING (1829-1908), Hove, Sussex, England, 6 September 1856
Died Hove, Sussex, England, 17 July 1866, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


John Tucker had been in business with his father in Brighton, Sussex, as music sellers when, in June 1852, he joined a large party of emigrants from the town bound for Melbourne and the "diggings". A musical friend who arrived on the same ship was Alfred Chate, and other musical colleagues from Brighton included Bream Thom and Charles Thatcher. He and Thatcher had reportedly been performing at a cider cellar (probably the Melbourne Coal Hole) in January, and by March both were playing in John Winterbottom's band for the former London entrepreneur James Ellis. In Sydney with Winterbottom's band in May, if not earlier, he began appearing as "Edward Tucker", and, in Maitland in June, Winterbottom billed him as "Principal Violin, Royal Italian Opera". After a successful performance of Paganini's Carnival of Venice in Maitland, Winterbottom also billed him as "The Australian Paganini".

After visiting Bendigo with Winterbottom early in 1854, he appears to have settled there. His last major engagement there, in February and March 1856, was as leader of the band for a season at Henry Coleman's Criterion Theatre, for which Sara Flower and Lola Montez were among the principal attractions. After a Bendigo farewell benefit ball in May he sailed from Melbourne for England at the end of the month.

On arrival home in Sussex in September, he married Elizbeth King. He died at Hove, aged 42, in 1866.

Documentation (England):

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (26 September 1850),

. . . Grand matinee musicale (Vocal and Instrumental), THE TOWN HALL, BRIGHTON, September 30, commencing at Two o'clock. The Performance will be brought forward with a view to introduce MASTER HEINRICH WERNER, A Youthful Prodigy, not yet ten years old, from Saxony, to the notice of the higher circles, who . . . have not yet had an opportunity of witnessing the extraordinary performance on the Grand Piano Forte of this gifted child . . .
Mr. AP THOMAS, the celebrated Harpist.
Herr KOENIG, Band Master 8th Royal Irish Hussars, and French Horn Solo.
Mr. JOHN TUCKER, Principal Violin.
Mr. NIBBS, Sen., Contra-Basso.
Director and Pianist, MR. KIRCHNER . . .

English census, 30 March 1851; Sussex, Brighthelmstone, The Palace; UK National Archives, HO 107/1646 

89 Western Road / John Tucker / Head / 59 / Music seller / [born] Penryn Cornwall
Fanny [Tucker] / Wife / 57 / - / Grt. Torrington Devon
Mary F. H. [Tucker] / Dau. / 34 / Professor of the Piano Forte / Maidstone Kent
John J. / [Tucker] / Son / 26 / Music Seller / Brighton Sussex . . .

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (25 September 1851), 4

A PARAGRAPH appeared in the Brighton Guardian of Wednesday, the 17th inst., headed thus - "Look to year recommendations," - complaining that Proprietors of Music Establishments in this town have adopted a system, unfair alike to pupils and artists, i. e., of demanding a fee of one guinea from the latter for each recommendation. We, the undersigned Music Sellers, beg to inform the Visitors and Inhabitants of Brighton that we never have, or ever shall, countenance such a contemptible system. (Signed) ALEXANDER McCARROLL, CRAMER and Co., LUDWIG LAUBER, ROBERT DARLING, W. H. NEIBOUR, J. TUCKER, J. TUCKER. Jun., Sept. 22, 1851.

"EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 June 1852), 7

The news from the "diggings" continues to be encouraging, and numbers are about to quit this town for the Australian colony. Some fifty or more purpose leaving Brighton this morning, to embark on board the "Statesman," which was towed down the Thames to Gravesend on Saturday afternoon, from which place she sailed on Tuesday afternoon for Portsmouth, and is intended to leave the latter place to-morrow. Among those who are either going or gone, are Mr. Mussell, North Street, and his son George; Mr. Wight, the landlord of the Regent Hotel; Mr. Thom (musician) and wife . . . Mr. Tucker, jun., musician . . . Mr. J. Bambridge, musician . . . Mr. Alfred Chate, tailor [also a musician] . . .

"NEWS FROM THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 March 1853), 3

By the ship "Sydney," which arrived from Australia towards the close of last week, a great number of letters from emigrants was received . . . Upon the whole, they are of an unfavourable character . . . Subjoined is a list of those who have received letters: . . .
Mr. Tucker, music seller, Western Road . . .

"THE BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS TO AUSTRALIA", The Brighton gazette [England] (2 June 1853), 5

In another part of the paper will found extracts from letter with which we have been favoured by the parents or friends of those who have emigrated to that land of promise, the gold fields of Australia. We say favoured, because many of those who receive letters from their relatives abroad do not wish to appear desirous of parading their names before the public. The publication of these lettera, however, is actually a boon to the public, because they are characterised by a truthfulness unmistakeable, and must have weight with those who have thoughts of emigrating. Many who have received letters by the "Sarah Sands" are most most averse to seeing them in print.

Our readers may gather from the letters which we publish to-day that the gold diggings continue to be perfect lottery, but that the odds are completely against the emigrants with few exceptions, such as carpenters, bricklayers, and persons employed in building. How many a clerk who left a comfortable home to seek bhs fortune in Australia, bitterly repents the hour when he made up his mind to leave his native land. But even now we believe that hale, hearty and sinuous persons are capable of realising a good living in Australia; it is the hardy sons of toil who are most likely to enrich themselves. All accounts agree in the fact that murder and rapine stalk that country unmolested; and a singular instance of bare-faced robbery and violence is given in the letter of Mr. Godden.

It is, perhaps, rather remarkable that not one of the Brighton party appears to have been successful at the diggings. Some have laboured hard, whilst others have scarcely put a spade into the ground, when they have either given up in despair or become disgusted with the scenes around them, and returned to Melbourne almost penniless. Mr. Hamblin, head cook at the Bedford Hotel, has received letter from his brother, who left good situation to go out to Tahiti; but having the gold fever must needs try his luck at the diggings. He failed, as many hundreds have done besides, and has written to say that he is now returning to Tahiti, where has a brother in business. Three companions who went out in the same ship with him had £35 each, when they landed in Australia; and they were soon reduced almost to beggary.

Mr. Thatcher's son has sent a letter to his parents, on the King's Road, giving a very discouraging account of the country, more especially of the state of society. This letter is fully corroborated in that respect by another received from the son of Mr. Evans, green grocer and fruiterer, Western Road. Among other letters received here, we learn that Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, and Mr. Alfred Chate, son of Mr. Chate, Bedford Place, are playing at promenade concerts, the former as leader, at £5 5s. a week, the latter, at £4 4s. We believe that Thatcher's son is also with them, deriving a similar emolument from music. Mr. Bryer, the dancing master, is in Melbourne, under the assumed name of Jones; and Mr. John Fleeson has taken the name of Fortune . . .

"THE GOLD DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette (2 June 1853), 7

Extract of a letter to Mr. Pointer, of the Windmill Inn . . .
Port Phillip, Melbourne, Jan. 23d, 1853.
My dear friend, . . . I am now staying at Melbourne . . .
Thatcher and Tucker are playing at a sort of cider callar, and get 30s. per night . . .
Your sincere friend, ALBERT GOODEN.

"LETTER FROM A BRIGHTON EMIGRANT", Brighton Gazette (6 October 1853), 7

I beg to forward, per Mr. Alfred Martin, a few incidents respecting Brighton friends and the colony, according to a promise made to several people at Brighton before leaving.
John Tucker has gone to Sydney, to play at the concerts.
Alfred Chate ditto ditto Henry Edwards (King's Road) ditto
Stephen Cotterill ditto to assist ditto . . .
Your obedient servant, CHARLES R. THATCHER.

"THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (3 November 1853), 7

A great number of letters from Brighton emigrants have lately been received here their friends . . . Mr. Henry Chate, tailor, has received a letter from his son. It appears that he has been with Winterbottom's musical corps in Sydney; and has done pretty well. They have latterly returned to Melbourne. Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, is the leader. He is called at Melbourne the English Paganini. Mr. Thom, who also went from Brighton, is engaged at the Theatre in Geelong. He leads the orchestra, and Mrs. Thom is engaged as an actress. Mrs. Thom took her benefit the Theatre, on July 16th, when nearly £100 was taken at the doors. Mr. Thom took his benefit the next night, and £107 was taken. The performances were Guy Mannering and a Concert. Many of our readers will doubtless remember Mr. Creed Royal, an excellent flute player. He is engaged in the same orchestra as Mr. Thom.

"LETTERS FROM BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS IN AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette (26 January 1854), 7

We copy from our Tuesday's contemporary the following extracts from letter just received in Brighton. The name of the writer is not giren; but many of our readers will have no difficulty in recognising in the letter a communication from Mr. Thomas Mussell, many years a chemist and druggist in North Street. The letter is dated "Barker's Creek, Mount Alexander, September 3rd, 1853." . . .
During the time I was in Melbourne I saw Mrs. Streeter (sbe was not looking well), Mr. Streeter had not then arrived; also Nye, the two Lamberts, Pepper, Chate, and Tucker (poor, good-natured Tucker had been very ill, but was then much better; by all account would have died had not his friend Chate stuck to him like a trump; but I suppose you have heard all this) . . .

"THE LATE CONCERT OF THE SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Brighton Gazette (9 October 1856), 5

We regret find that the late concert got up by this Society for the laudable purpose of adding something to the fund raising for the benefit of the sufferers from the late gale, has turned out failure, and that the originators are minus by the affair £5 19s 6d. It has been stated that the professional assistance was gratuitous, but, with exception of Mr. Cutteridge and Mr. Tucker, jun., this is incorrect; the whole of the others having to paid . . .

"THE PAVILION BAND", Brighton Gazette (9 October 1856), 5

. . . with regard to the attacks that have been made upon the managers of the Pavilion band from time to time . . . we are sorry to observe our Tuesday's contemporary following the footsteps of a print to which it is diametrically opposed in all that concerns the interests of the town. What could have induced the Examiner to put in such article on Tuesday respecting the Pavilion Band, are at a loss to conceive. To say that "they are merely respectable players, men of mediocrity, not competent to deal satisfactorily with operatic and other classical music," is nothing more nor less than a libel upon their reputation, and can have been introduced only to gratify the spleen of some private individual. Both Nibbs and his son, especially the latter, have been in the habit of performing the most classical music with the most classical performers of the day, and to designate them as mere quadrille players, is perfect absurdity and an insult to their talent. Then again, we have Thom, Mr. Lowe (who is also excellent pianist well as a violin player), Mr. Tucker, and Mr. Morris (the latter having performed in the orchestra of Her Majesty's Theatre and elsewhere), and to say that they are mere quadrille players is ridiculous . . . The selection of music during the past week has comprised some of the finest classical compositions, varied by some lighter productions of much taste and elegance, such, we should think, as to satisfy the most fastidious musical critic . . .

"DEATHS", Brighton Gazette (26 July 1866), 8

On the 17th inst., at 3, Lansdowne Square, Hove, John Josephus Tucker, only son of the late John Tucker, Esq., of Cambridge Road, Hove, aged 42.

Documentation (Australia):

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT. Circus, top of Bourke-street, east.
MR. JAMES ELLIS, late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., of London, and promoter of these popular Concerts in Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr. Winterbottom, has the honor to announce . . . that his BENEFIT is fixed as above, on which occasion will be given a
GRAND MONSTER CONCERT, Supported by nearly One Hundred Performers . . .
Principal Vocalists - Mrs. Harriet Fiddes, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Lewis, Mr. Gregg, Mr. C. Walsh, Mr. Hancock.
Principal Instrumentalist - Mr. Hartigan, ophecleide, Mr. Johnson, clarionet, Mr. Thatcher, flute, Mr. Tucker, violin, Herr Elze, contra-basso, Signor Maffei, cornet-a-piston, Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1853), 2 

Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General and suite, his Excellency the Governor of Singapore, and a numerous and fashionable audience, including the leading families in Sydney, honoured Mr. Winterbottom by their attendance at the Royal Hotel. The bassoon solo of Mr. WinterbDttom; that on the cornet-a-piston, by Mr. Durant; on the violin, by Mr. E. Tucker; and on the sax horn by Mr. Evans, were eminently successful, and elicited warm encores.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1853), 3

"WINTERBOTTOM'S PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 June 1853), 2 

On Wednesday evening, the first of these concerts (in Maitland) was given at the Northumberland Hotel, the long room of which was crowded to excess, several persons indeed being refused admission; although the dimensions of the room prevented any possibility of leaving space for promenading. The performers, numbered eight, besides Mr. Gregg, the bass singer. Perhaps no performance ever took place in Maitland, that yielded more universal satisfaction than this concert, judging from what we heard. Each of the four principal performers, Mr. Winterbottom on the bassoon, Mr. Durant on the cornet-a-piston, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Edward Tucker on the violin, were encored in more than one of their solos, and in each case, a new and brilliant piece of music or song was substituted. On Thursday evening Mr. Winterbottom and his fellow musicians gave a concert in the court-house, East Maitland . . . We are glad to find that the excellent attendance at their concerts in this district, for their Newcastle concert was also a decided success - has induoed Mr. Winterbottom and his brother musicians to give an extended series. Last evening they performed again at the Northumberland; and this evening (Saturday) they perform at the Northumberland Circus, West Maitland. On Monday they perform at Newcastle; on Tuesday at Raymond Terrace; on Wednesday morning at the court-house, East Maitland; on Wednesday evening at the Northumberland Hotel Circus, West Maitland; on Thursday at Morpeth; and on Friday and Saturday, the 17th and 18th, at the Northumberland Circus, West Maitland.

"EPITOME OF HUNTER RIVER DISTRICT. NEWS (From our Correspondent) . . . CONCERT", Empire (13 June 1853), 3

Mr. Winterbottom's band gave a concert at the Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland, on Wednesday last. The music was tastefully selected, and ran, as is the custom at instrumental ooncerts, from grave to gay, from lively to pathetic. There was rather too much of the lively in it, however, according to our taste. We must plead guilty to the charge of disliking polkas; they are monstrously noisy. We would rather hear one of Haydn's andante movements, or one of Beethoven's sublime symphonies, than all the polkas in the world. The pieces selected for the occasion were well played. The solos were especially fine; Paganini's Carnival di Venise, as played by Mr. Tucker, was a masterpiece of execution; and, if the voice of the artist's violin, especially on the silver string, had been equal to the artist's ability, the very soul of the music would have been visible to the eye within . . .

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2 

July 2. - New Orleans, steamer, 300 tons, Captain Wilson, for Melbourne. Passengers - . . . Mr. Freshney, E. Tucker, Mr. Winterbottom, Messrs. Gregg, Durant, H. Elwood, B. Ellemere, H. Edwards, J. Beattie, and 27 in the steerage.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (7 July 1853), 2 

July 6. - New Orleans . . .

"MELBOURNE THURSDAY CONCERTS", The Argus (9 September 1853), 5

M. Winterbottom, the conductor of these old-established concerts, laid before the public a very tolerable programme for last night, but we were sorry to observe that the attendance was limited. The vocalists, Miss Lewis and Mr. John Gregg, were well received. A solo on the violin, by Mr. Tucker, was given with considerable effect, and drew forth warm applause from the listeners.

"MISS SMITH'S CONCERT", The Banner [Melbourne, VIC] (23 September 1853), 10 

One of the best concerts we have over had the pleasure of attending in Melbourne took place at the Mechanics' Instiiution, on Monday, for the benefit, and under the direction, of Miss E. Smith . . . A solo on the violin, by Mr. Tucker, was quite a chef-d'oeuvre; the chords were brought out with exquisite effect, and the whole performers [sic] gave certain evidence of a perfect mastery of the instrument . . .

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. BENDIGO LYCEUM", South Australian Free Press (11 March 1854), 10 

Messrs. Yates and Gregg, who first had the management of the Bendigo Theatre, have brought up Mr. Winterbottom and his celebrated band for the purpose of establishing Promenade Concerts a la Jullien, on the Bendigo, or, all events, of treating the public here to some good music. They have taken the circular tent formerly known as the Casino, and have rechristened it as above. The Lyceum opened for the first time on Saturday night . . . The concert commenced with the Overture to the "Italian in Algiers," performed in a very spirited style, which was followed by D'Albert's brilliant Heidelberg Quadrille, with solos for the cornet-a-piston by Mr. Winterbottom, and the flageolet by Mr. M. W. Sayer, capitally performed . . . Mr. Tucker's solo, "Carnival of Venice," on the violin, was a very superior performance, and proved that fame had not overrated this gentleman's talent as a violinist . . .

"DUELLING EXTRAORDINARY", The Argus (18 June 1855), 6 

Since the days when a certain eccentric gentleman of the press was concerned in a duel with an actor in Sandhurst, we have had no excitement in that way to speak of. Rumor, however, states that yesterday morning another of these extraordinary affairs, in which a couple of fools are made the laughing stock of fun-seeking friends, came off at the Back Creek. The parties were Messrs. Tucker and Morgan, musicians, who, it is said, quarrelled over a bagatelle board, and agreed to settle their bagatelle quarrel by deadly arbitrament. The persons who kindly officiated on the occasion were Messrs. Gregg, Rosenstein, and Minor. After a few shots were exchanged, Tucker fell; and the others thinking that the affair had come to a serious termination, turned and fairly bolted. One of them was seen rushing in hot haste to the residence of a doctor, perspiration pouring down his face with physical exertion and mental excitement combined. Dr. Kranz was sent to the place, but his exertions to find the wounded man were unavailing, for he, too, it appeared, had got up and gone away. The fact was that the pistols were loaded merely with powder, - a secret to most of the parties. Last evening all of them were apprehended and brought before Mr. McLachlan, who read them a lecture and let them go.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1856), 3 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE, MUNDY-STREET . . . GRAND OPENING NIGHT! Of the Season! On Tuesday, February 26th, 1856 . . . An Efficient Orchestra has been engaged, under the leadership of Mr. Tucker, late of Jullien's and Winterbottom's Concerts . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (13 March 1856), 1 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE, MUNDY-STREET . . . First time on the Goldfields, Bellini's GRAND OPERA OF NORMA. THURSDAY, 13th MARCH, 1850 . . . Norma - Madame C. Cailly, Adalgisa - Madame Sara Flower, Pollio - Mons. Barre, Oroviso - Mons. Coulon . . . Leader, Mr. Tucker; Pianist, Mr. Linden . . . S. T. HOWARD, Stage Manager.

"COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 March 1856), 3 

. . . In being called before the curtain after the piece was over, she [Lola Montez] returned thanks to the audience for their favors and stated that as Mr. Linden, the pianist, had not thought himself competent to play the music of the Spider Dance, Mrs. Gill had kindly volunteered to play it. She begged to return her thanks to Mr. Tucker and the orchestra for the trouble they had taken to master what was a very difficult piece of music. It appears that the reason of Mr. Linden's declining to preside at the pianoforte was the implied censure of Madame Lola Montes upon the orchestra on the preceding night.

"MR. J. TUCKER'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 May 1856), 3 

We beg to direct attention to the advertisement in another column, by which, it will be seen that a grand bull will be given at the Union Concert Hall, on the occassion of the benefit of Mr. J. Tucker, who is about to depart from Bendigo. Mr. Tucker is an old Bcndigonian himself. His first appearance here was in Mr. Winterbottom's band. He is a reminiscence of Camp-street and the good old times. When the miners dug in the immediate vicinity of the town, and nightly crowded the "Royal," Mr. Tucker led the orchestra there. Most will remember the brilliant violinist at the Lvceum. Many an old face has left the place, and the glorious old times have rolled away, and now Mr. Tucker yearns for the "old house at home," and asks the Bendigonians to rally round him to-morrow night, and cheer him on his homeward road. He is an old favorite, and will, we are sure, be well supported, and have a benefit in every sense of the word.


Chinese theatre proprietor, ? musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861


"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (12 February 1861), 4

Police v Tuck Sin. This was a complaint against the defendant for keeping the Chinese Theatre, on Golden Point, open for disorderly entertainments until a late hour in the morning. Constable Hunt deposed that the Theatre was open between 12 and one o'clock on the morning of the 8th, and the usual music in the interior of the building was accompanied by the ding dong of a large gong, the sounds from which were loud and discordant. Senior Constable Boyle deposed that on either Thursday or Friday night the theatre was open until one o'clock in the morning. Mr Hamlin, who resides in the locality of the theatre, deposed that there was no living in the locality with the noises made by the persons connected with the theatre. On Saturday night, or rather Sunday morning, they were beating their gongs at twenty minutes past twelve o'clock. Mr. Sub-inspector Dowling presented a petition to the Bench, signed by 24 residents in the locality, complaining of the noise made by the celestials.

TUOHY, Miss (? Mary)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Maria Hinckesman)

TUOHY, Masters (? Anthony junior)

Boy soprano vocalists

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s


A Miss and Masters Tuohy were among the sopranos and trebles at Isaac Nathan's concerts in October 1841 and May 1842. Miss Tuohy, made her solo debut at her teacher Maria Hinckesman's concert in May 1845 singing Balfe's The light of other days. She gave her own concert in July, though no program or later notices appeared.

As suggested by Matt Hall (2014), she may well be the Mary Tuohy who married George William Worgan in Sydney in 1847. If so, she was probably daughter of Phillip-street grocer and inn-keepers, Anthony Tuohy (d.1854) and Bridget Tuohy (d.1853).


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 October 1841), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 June 1845), 3

"MUSIC", The Australian (1 July 1845), 3


Bass vocalist

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 March 1843), 5

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

TURNER, Mr. (? = Stephen TURNER, below)

Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845-50


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1850), 1


Violinist, bandleader (Melophonic Concert Room), composer

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


At Josiah Hand's Melophonic Concert Room in Hobart in May 1853, the program by the band included a medley ("composed for the occasion, comprising several popular melodies").


[Advertisement], The Courier (4 March 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3


Actor, vocalist, Irish vocalist (? one or more)

Active NSW, ? c.1850-61

? Probably John Turner below


? [Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5 

"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (17 July 1852), 2 

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1853), 2 

. . . Duet, Matrimonial Sweets, Mrs. Moore and Mr. Turner . . . Song, Paddy Malone's Adventures in Australia, Mr. Turner . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1854), 4 

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1855), 4 

. . . LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR, with tbe whole of the celebrated music. Edgar Ravenswood, Madame Sara Flower; Colonel Henry Ashton, Mr. Frank Howson; Arthur, Mr. Cordner; Raymond, Mr. Holloway; Norman, Mr. Turner . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE . . . THE NEW OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1856), 4 

An amateur friend has forwarded the following on the new opera, Martha: - "Flotow's celebrated romantic opera, Martha, produced at this theatre on Thursday evening . . . Madame Anna Bishop's vocal performance was characterised throughout by that exquisite finish which attends all her efforts . . . Mr. Turner, as the Judge, entered warmly into the spirit of the character, and sang with much effect . . .

"CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (28 August 1861), 3 

. . . Turner's Australian comic Song "Paddy Malone" was given by Mr. Turner (in costume) with all the humour its author can throw into it, and was vociferously encored; he then sub stituted "Molly Bawn" . . .


Professor of Music and Dancing

Active Geelong, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 March 1856), 1

TURNER, Austin Theodore

Professor of Music, organist, pianist, composer

Born Bristol, England, 24 July 1822 (son of George and Anne TURNER)
Baptised St. Michael's, Bristol, England, 7 September 1832 [sic]
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1856 (per Schomberg, wrecked of Cape Ottway, 1 January)
Died Woollahra, NSW, April 1901, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

TURNER, Charlotte Ann (= Charlotte Ann KING)


Born England c.1813
Died Waverley, NSW, 1 February 1894, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary: (USA 1908)


"THE WRECK OF THE SCHOMBERG", The Argus (1 January 1856), 4


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 December 1856), 8


"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (5 April 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 October 1858), 3

"TO THE EDITOR. THE LATE SACRED CONCERT", The Star (9 November 1863), 3

[News], The Argus (1 January 1869), 5

[News], The Argus (18 December 1869), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW SONGS", The Argus (4 February 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (15 February 1873), 5

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT. ADORATION", The Argus (26 November 1874), 6

[Advertisement], The Musical Times (1 November 1877), 566

Australian Music. - Song, The Lord is my Shepherd, and duet, Early in the Morning from the Cantata, Adoration, sung by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, composed by Austin T. Turner.

The Australasian sketcher 73-74 (1873), 155

"THE NEW ALTAR AT ST. FRANCES CHURCH", Illustrated Australian News (5 July 1879), 106

"DEATHS", Evening News (2 February 1894), 4 

TURNER. - February 1, 1894, at Clifton, St. James-road, Waverley, Charlotte Ann, wife of Austin T. Turner, late of Clifton, England, aged 81.

W. B. W., "MRS. AUSTIN T. TURNER", The Ballarat Star (13 February 1894), 3 

The death of Mrs Austin T. Turner reminds one of her brother, the late Thomas King, who was one of the late Ballarat Star firm of H. R. Nicholls and Co. All the Kings and Turners were more or less closely connected with musical art, and were closely identified with music in Ballarat from the fifties to the eighties. Mrs. Turner was a pleasant contralto, and used to sing in sacred concerts with success. Many a time has her voice been heard in oratorio, and her more gifted husband is well known all over the colonies as a composer, whilst in Ballarat his memory will long be green in musical circles, both as composer, teacher, and performer. He was musical instructor in the State schools here for some years, and acted as organist in some of our churches, besides being for a long time the recognised first conductor in the best of our local music celebrations. Thomas King, jocularly known as Herr Koenig amongst his familiars, was also long a musical teacher here, and a player on the violin and clarionet at the theatres. Then there were divers nieces and nephews of the Kings and the Turners who were allied to art, mostly as musicians, and Mrs. South (born King) contributed to dramatic art the once locally well-known Willie South, who married one of the Wisemans - another musico-dramatic family, whose members were very popular here in the days that are no more. Mrs. King had reached the ripe age of 84 years [sic] when she died in Sydney, to which city she and her husband removed a few years ago, when he retired from the practice of his profession. The Kings and Turners were from Bristol, and that city or Bath has also given to us John Lake, the basso - the Ballarat Gregg, who is still to the fore upon occasions in mass or oratorio, or in a good catching secular song. May he live long and prosper.

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1901), 10

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (25 April 1901), 4

An old and well-known identity in the music world of Australia, Mr. Austin T. Turner, recently passed away at Woollahra, Sydney, at the ripe age of 79. Mr. Turner arrived in Australia in the "fifties", and at the height of the gold fever settled in Ballarat, where for many years he followed the profession of music in its various branches, being for a long time teacher of singing in the Victorian State schools, and for twenty years organist of the Ballarat Cathedral. He was a composer of no mean merit, amongst his more notable productions being the cantata "Adoration", which was performed in the Melbourne Town Hall, and another with which he was successful in a competition for a gold medal. He also composed several songs, several for Madame Carandini (grandmother of Mrs. Gilbert Wilson) and her daughters. About seventeen years ago Mr. Turner removed to Sydney, where he composed several masses, some of which were performed at St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Francis', Paddington. Quite a number of Mr. Turner's old pupils are now residing in Brisbane, and these will doubtless hear with regretful interest of the death of their old master.

Musical works:

The prince Alfred reception march (Melbourne: For the composer by Chas. Troedel, [1867]) 

When the roses bloom again ("an aria composed expressly for the singer by Mr. Austin Turner, of Ballarat) by Miss Rosina Carandini") (Melbourne: Printed by C. Troedel, [1870]) 

Also US edition of the above (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress

The land o' the Leal ("composed by Austin Turner, Ballarat") (Melbourne: Printed by C. Troedel, [1870]) 

Also US edition of the above (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress

All ready and all one: an Australian patriotic song (words: Gerald Massey) (Sydney: W. Akhurst, [1885])

Adoration (cantata)

Grand Mass in D (July 1879, at opening of the new sanctuary of St. Francis Melbourne)

Bibliography and resources:

"Turner", British musical biography (1897), 420

"Turner, Austin T.", The American history and encyclopedia of music (1908), 415

Turner, Austin T. 1823-_; English composer and conductor, who for many years has advanced the cause of music in Australia; was born at Bristol, England. He was a chorister at Bristol Cathedral, and at the age of twenty became vicar choral at Lincoln. Going to Australia in 1854 he settled at Ballarat, where he became singing-master at the government school and where for many years he has played the organ at Christ Church. He was the first conductor of the local Philharmonic Society, which under his leadership had performed Mendelssohn's St. Paul, Sullivan's Prodigal Son and Spohr's Last Judgment. He is the author of a sacred cantata, Adoration, for solos, chorus and full orchestra, which the Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave in 1874, and he has also written two masses, choral songs, several madrigals and glees. 

Jennifer Royle, "Musical (ad)venturers: colonial composers and composition in Melbourne, 1870-1901", Nineteenth-Century Music Review 2/2 (November 2005), 133-159

Doggett 2006 

Richard Bradshaw, "Thiodon's wonders: a mechanical theatre in nineteenth-century Australia" [article in special issue: Puppetry and visual theatre in Australia and New Zealand], Australasian Drama Studies 51/2 (October 2007), 18-35 

TURNER, Charles Byas

Amateur vocalist, publican

Born c. 1835
Active Bathurst, NSW, by 1857
Died Bathurst, NSW, August 1902, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"AMATEUR CONCERT. IN AID OF THE BATHURST HOSPITAL", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 November 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. Charles Turner sang several ballads with much taste and feeling, and obtained encores in the "Irish Emigrant" and "We met by chance" . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (11 November 1857), 3 

TURNER, Miss E. (sister of Elizabeth TESTAR)

Contralto vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857


"CONCERT", The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

. . . We observe that a new contralto - Miss E. Turner, a sister of Mrs. Testar - will make her first appearance at this concert.

TURNER, Edward

Music lithographer, publisher

Born c.1837
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861
Died Wentworth Falls, NSW, 6 October 1913, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

TURNER, W. J. (? William John)

Composer, violinist, organist

Born ? 1836
Active NSW, by 1861


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1861), 12

ENGRAVER WANTED, a good music hand. Apply to Mr. E. TURNER, at Mr. Mader's, musicseller.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1861), 1

"WEEKLY REGISTER", Empire (17 August 1861), 5

A new song "My Sweetheart is a Volunteer", printed, published, and lithographed, by Mr. E. Turner, of Hunter-street, has just issued from the press.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1861), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (13 November 1861), 1

"THE FLOWER OF AUSTRALIA POLKAS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1861), 5

A set of polkas, by Mr. W. J. Turner, have just been published. Though there is a plethora of dance music just now, this unassuming composition will be found, on performance, very lively and pleasing.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1866), 10 

. . . Solo Violin, Master W. J. Turner, pupil of Mr. J. Gibbs, Rhode [Rode] . . .

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1868), 6

Sir, Will you kindly correct a trifling inaccuracy in your report of the opening of St. Mary's Church, at St. Leonards, North Shore, where I am represented to have acted us organist, &c. This may lead to some misapprehension, as I have been confined to my own room for some weeks by severe illness. The duty of organist at St. Mary's, North Shore, was performed by my pupil, Mr. W. J. Turner, who was commissioned by me to take direction of the music, which was sustained by a portion of St. Mary's Cathedral choir, Sydney, assisted in the kindest manner by Miss Geraldine Warden, the remaining portion being required for the usual duties in the Cathedral, where Mr. C. E. Horsley has, in the handsomest manner, volunteered his services as organist during my illness. Trusting the circumstances will sufficiently excuse my troubling you, I am, your obedient servant, W. J. CORDNER, 116, Woolloomooloo-street, June 29.

"New Music", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1870), 3

"CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (20 April 1872), 2

"ST. STANISLAW'S COLLEGE", Bathurst Free Press (21 December 1872), 2

. . . The musical portion of the entertainment was under the management of Mr. W. J. Turner, who deserves great praise for the manner in which he has taught the pupils, some of whom displayed great proficiency

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1913), 8

"THE LATE MR. E. TURNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1913), 11

Musical works and publications (selected)

The flower of Australia polka by W. J. Turner ([Sydney]: [E. Turner], [1861]) 

The cricketers' quadrille by Robert B. Theobald . . . (third edition, Sydney: For the composer by E. Turner, [1874])

Other works:

Pencil drawings of Sydney and surrounds, ca. 1857, by Edward Turner; State Library of New South Wales

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 240-41


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

ELLEN TURNER (Pianoforte), Oxford-st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

TURNER, Colonel G. N.

President, Melbourne Liedertafel



Active Melbourne, VIC, from 1878 to 1897 or later


One of both perhaps related to Walter James Turner


Teacher of singing and pianoforte, organist, choral conductor, string band conductor, piano tuner

Born c. 1817
Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, late 1840s to early 1850s
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1866
Died Paddington, NSW, 19 November 1889, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Formerly leader of the choir at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, by 1847 Turner was organist of St. John the Baptist's Church, West Maitland. In February 1857 he advertised as a teacher of singing and pianoforte and proprietor of a music retail business. At his Maitland concert in 1849 he was assisted by former Drury Lane singer, Mrs. (Marian Maria) Chester. In 1850 he advertised that he had formed a "STRINGED QUADRILLE BAND, performing all the modern Polkas, Mazourkas, Waltzes, Quadrilles &c."

He was later organist of Sacred Heart Church, Darlinghurst in Sydney for many years.


"TEA FESTIVAL AT ST. BENEDICT'S", Morning Chronicle (10 January 1846), 2

. . . When tea was over, singing was commenced, and a number of songs were sung in excellent style, by Master Peter Curtis, Mr. Turner, Misses Byrnes and Dooley, and Mrs. Curtis . . .

TOTAL ABSTINENCE TEA PART AND CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 December 1846), 2 

. . . After the address from the Rev. Chairman, the sprightly music of the band, and the laughter exciting songs of Messrs. Fanning and Turner "kept the tables in a roar." Amongst other songs, two sung by Mr. Turner, "The werry identical flute," and "The raal ould Irish gintleman," elicited unbounded applause from their novelty and the quaint manner of the singer . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 December 1846), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (3 February 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 February 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1848), 3

"ST. JOHN'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury (30 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1849), 1

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 December 1850), 1s

"THE SYDNEY ABDUCTION CASE", The Maitland Mercury (20 July 1858), 2

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1868), 8

"MARRIAGES", Empire (21 December 1868), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1889), 1

Musical works:

Paddy Malone (arr. by J. Turner) 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1859), 1 

JUST PUBLISHED. PADDY MALONE, celebrated Comic Colonial Song, price 2s 6d; post free, 2s 8d. J. R. CLARKE, music publisher, George-street

TURNER, William (? = William John TURNER)


Born NSW, c.1850
Died Sandhurst, VIC, 8 January 1877, aged 26 years


"CONCERT AT ST. MARY'S", Empire (21 May 1869), 2 

. . . Mr. W. Turner, the organist at the Sacred Heart, acted as leader, and Mr. W. J Gardner, Cathedral organist, conducted. The individual members of the various choirs possess capacities as musicians of no mean order, and their execution last night evinced long practice and great skill . . .

"A SAD END", Bendigo Advertiser (12 January 1877), 2 

A man named William Turner was admitted into the Bendigo Hospital on Wednesday, at noon, in a semi-conscious state, apparently suffering from the effects of long-continued drinking, and he died about six o'clock in the evening of the same day. Mr. R. Strickland, acting coroner, held an inquest on the body yesterday. Margaret Broad, a boarding-house keeper in Dowling-street, gave evidence that the deceased had been living at her place for some months; that he was married, and had been a musician at the Theatre Royal. The deceased was always ailing, and used to spit blood. He was generally under the influence of liquor when he came home at night, and used to send out for drink during the day. Deceased told witness that he had always been a heavy drinker. About a week ago witness sent for Dr. Eadie, who visited the deceased and prescribed for him. Since then deceased had not been able to attend to his duties, and did not leave the house. For the last day or two deceased had been wandering in his mind, and witness had him taken to the hospital. Dr. Eadie said that he had attended the deceased about two months ago, and treated him for a wound in the head, which deceased had received from a woman striking him on the head with a jug. On the 9th instant witness was asked by Mrs. Broad to go and see the deceased, and he did so and found him very ill. Deceased had a very severe cough. Witness prescribed for him, but as he was no better, and delirious, on Wednesday witness assisted Broad in having him taken to the hospital. Witness was of opinion that death was caused by excessive drinking. Dr. Hinchciiff, resident surgeon of the hospital, deposed that he had made an examination of the body, and found that death was caused by congestion of the brain. From the state of the brain and liver he should think that the deceased had been a heavy drinker. The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1877), 1 

TURNER. January 8, at his residence, Sandhurst, Victoria, William Turner, aged 26 years, musician, late of Bathurst, third son of Mr. J. Turner, musician, of this city.

TURNER, Stephen

Clarionet player, bandsman (Band of the 39th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, with regiment 1827-32 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 39th Regiment


"CRITIQUE OF THE CONCERT. To the Editor", The Australian (23 October 1829), 2

. . . Next should have been mentioned the Quartetto for clarionets, horn, and bassoon, in which Mr. Gee equally displayed his ability on his instrument, and the second clarionet performed his part with a degree of skill highly creditable . . .

Given Gee's evidence below, Turner is probably the second clarinet player mentioned here

"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 August 1830), 3

Mary Spencer was indicted for stealing, at Sydney, on the 12th of June last, several articles of wearing apparel, and sundry monies, above the value of £5 the property of Isabella Ponson; and Ann Spencer and Stephen Turner for receiving the same, on the same day and place aforesaid, knowing them to be stolen. . . . For the prisoner, Turner, Mr. Therry called Mr. Francis Gee, Master of 39th Band, who said, he had known the prisoner for several years, and considered him the best conducted man in the band; I remember the morning of the 12th of June, and I know the prisoner was with the band from 9 to 12 o'Clock in the morning; His Excellency dined with the mess on the previous evening, on which occasion Turner was present with the band. . . . Adjutant Innes, of the 39th, said, he knew the prisoner, Turner, for several years, and previous to this charge his character was unimpeachable; he was principal clarionet player in the band, and was also garrison glazier by which he earned a good deal of money; from what witness knows of his character he considers him incapable of committing the offence imputed to him . . . John Smith-I was formerly one of the Veterans, and I now keep the Government gardens; I saw the witness, Mary Robley, in Hill's public-house this morning, drinking with some of the band-men; I do not see any of them here; I did not see the prisoner, Turner, there; one of the band-men paid for the liquor . . . The Jury found Turner and Ann Spencer - Not Guilty; Mary Spencer - Guilty. Remanded.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (17 March 1834), 2 

From Liverpool and Hobart Town, on Friday last, having sailed from the latter Port on the 6th instant, the ship Othello, 430 tons, Leggett, master, with Merchandize. Passengers . . . From Hobart Town, Mr. Stephen Turner, musician, and Mrs. Turner, and Charles Rennett.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3 

Theatre Royal, Sydney . . . The Lessees are highly gratified in informing the public, that they have succeeded in engaging all the first Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen, viz. Leader of the Band - Mr. CLARKE; Violins - Messrs. SPYER, JOHNSON, DYER, and SCOTT; Principal Flute - Mr. STUBBS; Violincello and Grand Piano Forte - Mr. CAVENDISH; Clarionetts - Messrs TURNER & SHARP; Bassoons - Messrs. HOARE & BALL; Bugle - Mr. PAPPIN; Drums - Mr. VAUGHAN . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (17 February 1837), 1 

"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1837), 2 

Peter Perry, one of the Supreme Court tipstaffs, was charged with robbing Stephen Turner, a musician, residing at the corner of Druitt-street. There was a great deal of evidence taken in the case, but the simple fact appeared to be that there was an illicit connexion between Turner's wife and Perry, and that after a quarrel with her husband (who concealed himself for two hours in a cellar for the purpose of listening to what his wife and Perry were about) she left the house, taking with her £15 or £16 which she gave to Perry to take care of. Under these circumstances, after a lengthened examination, Perry was discharged.

? "POLICE OFFICE SKETCHES. BRACE-IN THE DRUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 November 1848), 2 

TURNER, Thomas John

Fiddler, violinist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1853


"Police", The Tasmanian Colonist (31 March 1853), 2 

Hand v. Johnson. This case, which was tried on Monday, was an information under the hired servants' Act, preferred by Mr. Josiah Hand of the "Waterman's Arms" against Charles Johnson, one of the singers, for absenting himself from his service without leave on the 23rd inst . . . The defendant cross-examined Mr. Hand with a view to show, that he had not been hired by him, but by his fiddler, Mr. Thomas John Turner . . . In his defence, Johnson indignantly repudiated his liability to the Hired Servants Act: he was a "professional" person, a vocalist and a comedian, (great laughter) and was in no way whatever amenable to the Act . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Josiah Hand (publican); Charles Johnson (singer)

TURNER, Matilda (Madame TURNER)

Professor of the Piano

TURNER, Walter James (senior) (1857-1900)

Pianist, organist, conductor, teacher, composer

TURNER, Alice Mary (WATSON; Mrs. W. J. TURNER)

Teacher of singing, pianist, conductor

Married Walter James Turner, 1883

TURNER, Walter James (junior) (1889-1946)

Music critic, author, poet

Go to Turner family mainpage:

TWENTYMAN, George F. (Herr SCHOOT; Professor SCHOOT; "The Drum Demon")

Drummer, drum and percussion player, music and instrument retailer, piano tuner

Active VIC, by 1886
Died ?, after 1931


Drum player (Centennial Orchestra)

Active 1888-89


Oil painting depicting Herr Schoot (George Twentyman) standing in front of the Fincham Organ at the Exhibition Building. It was painted by Mr James in 1896 for the Albury Exhibition. George Twentyman played Grosse Caisse (Base Drum) in the Centennial Orchestra, and was Drum Major with a Military Band that performed at the Melbourne International Centennial Exhibition, 1880-81 

Sound clip: The Hen Convention (1897) 


"THE CURLEW'S CONCERT", Fitzroy City Press (13 February 1886), 3 

"THE COLUMBIA SKATING RINK", Geelong Advertiser (1 August 1887), 3 

Anxious to amuse patronisers of this popular place of entertainment during the winter months, the energetic manager (Mr A. P. Bartlett) afforded the Geelong public on Saturday evening an unusual treat, by the engagement of Professor Schoot, who appears to be well deserving of the title of "champion drummer." There was a large attendance of visitors at the rink, although the boisterous and wet weather was not inviting. After a most pleasing exhibition of skating by very many able roller skaters, whose graceful gliding over the slippery floor of the rink was most attractive, the professor was introduced. On the staging at the south end of the rink twenty drums of all sizes were placed in lines, each resting upon a separate and ornamental trestle. With these instruments, and the assistance of Mr Goodall's band of musicians, the drummer essayed a representation of the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. From the arousing of the troops at daylight by the beating of the reveille until the finish of the mimic battle and the playing of the National Anthem, the professor gave an almost realistic effect to the representation, the various stirring incidents in the fight, from the march out of camp, the first boom of the cannons, the rattle of musketry, the charge of the artillery, and the continuous responses from the guns in the evening's earthworks, being depicted in the most thrilling manner. The exhibition was startling and effective, and the admirable way in which attention to music and time was observed by the solitary performer on the twenty drums and the triangle created great wonderment among the professor's listeners, and convinced everyone of his abilities as a master drummer. Throughout the performance Prof.. Schoot received very warm applause for his successful efforts.

"EVENING AMUSEMENTS", The Brisbane Courier (15 November 1887), 5 

"THE ORCHESTRA", The Argus (2 August 1888), 5 supplement Melbourne Centennial Exhibition 

[News], Chronicle, South Yarra Gazette, Toorak Times and Malvern Standard (8 July 1893), 4 

"THE INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION", Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (9 October 1896), 21 

"THE EXHIBITION", Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (30 October 1896), 24 

In the evening Herr Schoot, the "drum demon," gave his very clever performance entitled "The Siege of Paris." This may be described as a succession of drum solos, with full orchestral accompaniment, intended to depict the siege and bombardment of the city and final triumphant entry of the German army. Of course, in an affair of this kind, the aid of the imagination has to be relied upon to some extent, but with the programme before one to indicate the principal events in their proper sequence it is not a difficult task to interpret the meaning of the different numbers, and to realise the appropriateness of their connection with each incident of the story. The affair opens with the booming of distant guns, followed up by the bugle call of the sentinels. Presently sounds of alarm are heard, and the trumpet call of the French National Guard summons the corps to arms. The order is quickly responded to, and the troops arc marching to the strains of "Partant pour la Syrie." After some preliminaries the siege commences, and then there is a general fusillade of small arms, varied with the deeper sound of artillery, and the occasional boom of a mortar, followed by the bursting of shells. The whole winds up with a grand tableau, the effect of which is heightened by red fire. The main feature of the performance is the wonderful dexterity with which Herr Schoot manipulates over 20 drums, varying in size and in the tension of parchment, so as to produce great diversity of effect. In this way the sound of rifle shots, now near, now dying away in the distance, is very realistically simulated, whilst an occasional thump on one of the bigger instruments is highly suggestive of a 32 pounder at unpleasantly close quarters. To produce these effects, the performer is kept constantly on the run from one side of the stage to the other, and the manner in which he gets in his really delicate instrumentation under such circumstances is in itself a marvel. Herr Schoot's performances have constituted a very valuable addition to the attractions provided by the exhibition management.

"GEELONG TOWN BAND", Geelong Advertiser (25 June 1904), 4 

"TOWN BAND CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (16 January 1906), 2 

"CONCERT AND DRAMATIC ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (26 September 1910), 4 

"CHARITY ART UNION", Geelong Advertiser (14 October 1911), 2 

"GEELONG ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (22 February 1912), 4 

"Prahran Pioneers' Association", Malvern Standard (2 March 1912), 3 

"GURNEY BENEFIT CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (17 May 1912), 4 

"THE STRAND", Geelong Advertiser (22 March 1918), 6 

"OPENING SERVICES", Werribee Shire Banner (23 April 1931), 3 

Other sources:

Museum Victoria, Item HT 23700; Painting - Herr Schoot Drum Demon, Mr James, Oil, 1896 

Museum Victoria, Item HT 23699; Drum - Tenor, A. Lecomte & Cie, Paris, after 1867


? Rival of Pietro Canna

TYRER, William Henry

Music and instrument seller, importer, merchant

Born c. 1806
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 November 1841 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Australian (28 March 1834), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 September 1834), 1

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 December 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1836), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 December 1836), 1

W. H. TYRER HAS just opened a few of the best and most brilliant-toned Piano-Fortes ever imported into the Colony, which consist of One rosewood Patent Horizontal Grand Piano Forte, One Cabinet Grand Piano-Forte, One Grand Square ditto. The above have only just been received, ex Florentia, and are now open for inspection; they are made by Collard & Collard, late Clementi & Collard, and are constructed on an entirely new principle. In addition to which are Three Cabinet Grand Piano-Fortes [&] Two Cottage ditto by Mott, Two Square ditto, by Dettmer & Son. With an assortment of the newest and most fashionable Music recently published, consisting of Quadrilles, Songs, &c. ALSO, Two splendid Harps, and Several Spanish Guitars, with patent heads. 15 December, 1836.

"Sydney General Trade List. IMPORTS . . . 6TH TO THE 13TH INSTANT", The Colonist (18 May 1837), 9

"9. Hope (ship), 377 tons . . . from London . . . 2 cases haberdashery, 1 case hats, 1 case musical instruments, 1 case printed music, I case hardware, 'I case silk cloaks, W. H. Tyrer . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (9 November 1838), 3

"SUPREME CRIMINAL COURT", The Australian (9 May 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 August 1841), 3

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (29 November 1841), 2

"On Sunday, the 28th instant, while bathing in Darling Harbour, supposed of an apoplectic fit, W. H. Tyrer, regretted by numerous friends"

"INQUESTS" , Australasian Chronicle (30 November 1841), 2

An . . . inquest was held, yesterday, at the house of Mr. Joseph Paris, the sign of the Young Princess, Fort-street, on the body of William Henry Tyrer, formerly silk-mercer, George-street. From the evidence it appeared that, on Sunday evening, about half-past six o'clock, the deceased, who resided in Fort street, went into the water to bathe in Darling Harbour, and was observed swimming by the chief officer of the Anita, and at times floating upon his back; he had a straw hat on his head, which fell into this water, and sank to the bottom, and the deceased made no attempt to recover it. Soon after he called out 'boat, boat!!' and the captain of the vessel said, 'that man must be drowning,' upon which the chief mate and some of the seamen took the boat, and went to him; they found him floating with his face under the water, and got him into the boat as quickly as possible; but there appeared to be no signs of life in him. They brought him to shore, and sent for the doctor of the ship lascar, who immediately attended, and did all he could to restore animation, but in vain. The deceased had of late been much addicted to intemperance, and it appeared that he was not perfectly sober when he went into the water. Dr. Stewart certified that death had been caused by drowning, but, from the general appearance of the deceased, he thought it might be possible that he had been seized with an apoplectic fit while in the water. The jury returned a verdict of accidentally drowned whilst labouring under the effects of intoxication.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 February 1842), 1

Other resources:

SLNSW, DLSPENCER 254, Miscellaneous letters and documents, 1810-28 January 1913, collected by Sir William Dixson; 1. Letter, dated 14 May 1840 from John Lawson to Mr. Brownrigg, and the latter's letter of 16 May 1840 to William Henry Tyrer 

? Owner bound album of sheet music, "Miss Tyrer 1833" [? a relative]; University of Sydney Library 

TYTER, John Francis (John Francis TYTER; John TYTER; J. TYTER)

Musician, music teacher

Born Listowel, Kerry, Ireland, 7 June 1833; son of David TYTER (c. 1807-1863) and Mary CRAWLEY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1838 (with family, assisted immigrants per James Pattison, aged 5) Married Agnes Mary TOMLINSON (1847-1887), St. Mary's church (RC), Newcastle, 29 September 1865
Died Kiama, NSW, 2 October 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

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