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Unit of study_

BIOS1169: Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy B

This unit of study examines the detailed gross, radiological and surface anatomy of the lower limb, trunk and neck. Included are the anatomical analyses of functional activities which involve the lower limb, back and neck. Material will be presented in lectures, practical and tutorial sessions and online. Students will also be expected to undertake some independent learning activities. This unit includes laboratory classes in which human cadavers are studied; attendance at such classes is compulsory.


Academic unit
Unit code BIOS1169
Unit name Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy B
Session, year
Semester 1, 2020
Attendance mode Normal day
Location Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney
Credit points 6

Enrolment rules

Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator Jan Douglas-Morris,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam End-semester exam - theory
40% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO10 LO9 LO8 LO7 LO6 LO5 LO4 LO3 LO2
Final exam End-semester examination - practical
25% Formal exam period 1 hour
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8
Small test GART test
5% Week 05 20 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
In-semester test Mid-semester examination
30% Week 09 55 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO9 LO10

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100

Work of exceptional standard: Mastery of topics showing extensive integration and ability to transfer knowledge to novel contexts; treatment of tasks shows an advanced synthesis of ideas; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is very well presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an outstanding level.


75 - 84

Work of superior standard: Excellent achievement, consistent evidence of deep understanding and application of knowledge in medical science; treatment of tasks shows advanced understanding of topics; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is well-presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a superior level.


65 - 74

Competent work demonstrating potential for higher study: Confident in explaining medical science processes, with evidence of solid understanding and achievement; occasional lapses indicative of unresolved issues; treatment of tasks shows a good understanding of topic; work is well-presented with a minimum of errors; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a high level.


50 - 64

Work of acceptable standard: Satisfactory level of engagement with and understanding of topic; some inconsistencies in understanding and knowledge of medical science; work is adequately presented, with some errors or omissions, most criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an adequate level.


0 - 49

Work not of acceptable standard: Unsatisfactory achievement and engagement with the medical science discipline; inadequate understanding or fundamental misunderstanding of topics; most criteria and learning outcomes not clearly or adequately addressed or achieved; lack of effort/involvement in the unit.

For more information see

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

This unit has an exception to the standard University policy or supplementary information has been provided by the unit coordinator. This information is displayed below:

All exams must be attended when they are scheduled. Students are expected to manage their time and to prioritise tasks to meet deadlines. Assessment items submitted after the due date without an approved extension using a special consideration or special arrangement form or request will incur penalties.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 1. Pelvis and hip; 2. Hip and knee Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO6
Introduction to bones and joints of the pelvis and proximal lower limb Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 02 1. Knee; 2. Proximal limb function Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO3 LO4 LO6
1. Proximal lower limb joints; 2. Proximal lower limb muscles 1 Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 03 1. Leg and ankle; 2. Foot Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Proximal lower limb muscles 2; 2. Surface anatomy of the proximal lower limb Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 04 1. Distal lower limb function; 2. Anatomy of gait 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO4 LO6
1. Bones and joints of the distal lower limb; 2. Muscles of the distal lower limb 1 Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 05 1. Nerves of the lower limb; 2. Anatomy of gait 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO4 LO6 LO7 LO8
1. Muscles of the distal lower limb 2; 2. Surface anatomy of the distal lower limb Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO4 LO5
Week 06 1. Nerve lesions of the lower limb; 2. Anatomy of gait 3 Lecture (2 hr) LO6 LO9
1. Lower limb nerves; 2. Lower limb blood vessels Practical (2 hr) LO7 LO8 LO10
Week 07 1. Anatomy of gait 4; 2. Skeleton of trunk and neck 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 08 1. Lower limb nerve lesion tutorial; 2. Revision Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6 LO9
1. Skeleton of trunk and neck 2; 2. Skeleton of trunk and neck 3 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 10 1. Lumbopelvic rhythm; 2. Trunk muscles 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6
Skeleton of the trunk and neck Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 11 1. Trunk muscles 2; 2. Neck muscles Lecture (2 hr) LO4 LO6
Trunk muscles 1 Practical (2 hr) LO4 LO6
Week 12 1. Core stability; 2. Neck stability and axial dermatomes Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6 LO7 LO8
1. Trunk muscles 2; 2. Neck muscles Practical (2 hr) LO4
Week 13 Review Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6
1. Surface anatomy of the trunk and neck; 2. Revision Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO4 LO5 LO6

Attendance and class requirements

  • Attendance: Students are expected to attend a minimum of 90% of timetabled activities for a Unit of Study, unless granted exemption by the Dean, head of school or professor most concerned. The Dean, head of school or professor most concerned may determine that a student fails a Unit of Study because of inadequate attendance
  • Practicals: Scheduled in a Wet or Dry Anatomy Laboratory space (see your timetable for room allocation). Note that the mid-semester exam will be scheduled within a lecture and/or practical class time slot. You have been allocated to a practical group. Check the times of and rooms for your practical/tutorial classes on your personal timetable. You must only attend at the time and place timetabled for your practical group.

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

All readings for this unit can be accessed through the Library eReserve, available on Canvas.

  • Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function. N. Palastanga and R. Soames. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. 7th edition/2019.
  • Anatomy. A Photographic Atlas. J.W. Rohen, C. Yokochi and E. Lütjen-Drecoll. Wolters Kluwer. 8th Edition/2016 OR Atlas of Anatomy. Gilmore, A.M., MacPherson, B.R. (eds). Thieme. 3rd Edition, 2014.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Identify and classify bones of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and head and identify and deduce the functions of major bone markings in these regions.
  • LO2. Identify, classify and state/deduce the open and closed kinetic chain motions available at the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO3. Identify and deduce the functions of the ligaments of the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck including the high cervical joints.
  • LO4. Identify, describe the attachments and deduce the actions and functions of the muscles of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO5. Relate surface and radiological anatomy to the gross anatomy of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and posterior head.
  • LO6. Relate the gross musculoskeletal anatomy to functional activities involving the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO7. Identify the components of the nerve plexuses for the lower limb and the neck and their branches in the lower limb and neck.
  • LO8. State the motor and sensory distribution of the spinal and peripheral nerves to the lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO9. Differentiate between peripheral and spinal nerve lesions of the lower limb.
  • LO10. Identify and state the supply and drainage of the major blood vessels of the lower limb.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
Changes to the unit since it was last offered include the production of 10 new video clips and reformatting of the Canvas website.

Additional costs

Students are required to purchase disposable latex gloves for the practical classes in a Wet Lab Space.

Work, health and safety

There are a number of entry conditions that must be met before access to a Wet Anatomy Laboratory space in the Anderson Stuart Building is permitted. These include:

  1. the wearing of a laboratory coat that is buttoned up at the front, latex rubber gloves, closed in shoes and long hair tied back
  2. attendance only in the practical group to which you have been assigned
  3. prohibited use of personal hand-held electronic devices
  4. no drinking and eating


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

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