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Unit of study_

BIOS1169: Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy B

This unit of study examines the detailed gross, radiological and surface anatomy of the lower limb, trunk and neck. Included are the anatomical analyses of functional activities which involve the lower limb, back and neck. Material will be presented in lectures, practical and tutorial sessions and online. Students will also be expected to undertake some independent learning activities. This unit includes laboratory classes in which human cadavers are studied; attendance at such classes is compulsory.

Details

Academic unit Department of Medical Sciences
Unit code BIOS1169
Unit name Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy B
Session, year
? 
Semester 2, 2021
Attendance mode Normal day
Location Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney
Credit points 6

Enrolment rules

Prohibitions
? 
None
Prerequisites
? 
BIOS1168
Corequisites
? 
None
Available to study abroad and exchange students

Yes

Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator Jan Douglas-Morris, jan.douglas-morris@sydney.edu.au
Lecturer(s) Bronwen Ackermann , bronwen.ackermann@sydney.edu.au
Jan Douglas-Morris, jan.douglas-morris@sydney.edu.au
Joanna Diong, joanna.diong@sydney.edu.au
Tutor(s) Leslie Nicholson , leslie.nicholson@sydney.edu.au
Helen Ritchie, helen.ritchie@sydney.edu.au
Cliffton Chan, cliffton.chan@sydney.edu.au
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Record+) Type B final exam BIOS1169 Final Exam
Online recorded using ProctorU Review+
60% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO9 LO10
Online task Gait Analysis Readiness Test (GART)
Online open book without invigilation
5% Week 05
Due date: 10 Sep 2021 at 23:00

Closing date: 10 Sep 2021
30 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
In-semester test (Record+) Type B in-semester exam In-Semester Exam
Online recorded using ProctorU Review+
35% Week 08
Due date: 08 Oct 2021 at 12:00

Closing date: 08 Oct 2021
50 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO9 LO10
Type B final exam = Type B final exam ?
Type B in-semester exam = Type B in-semester exam ?

Detailed information about each assessment will be available on BIOS1169’s Canvas website. Specific announcements regarding each assessment will be sent to students.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range

Description

High distinction

85 - 100

Work of exceptional standard: Mastery of topics showing extensive integration and ability to transfer knowledge to novel contexts; treatment of tasks shows an advanced synthesis of ideas; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is very well presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an outstanding level.

Distinction

75 - 84

Work of superior standard: Excellent achievement, consistent evidence of deep understanding and application of knowledge in medical science; treatment of tasks shows advanced understanding of topics; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is well-presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a superior level.

Credit

65 - 74

Competent work demonstrating potential for higher study: Confident in explaining medical science processes, with evidence of solid understanding and achievement; occasional lapses indicative of unresolved issues; treatment of tasks shows a good understanding of topic; work is well-presented with a minimum of errors; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a high level.

Pass

50 - 64

Work of acceptable standard: Satisfactory level of engagement with and understanding of topic; some inconsistencies in understanding and knowledge of medical science; work is adequately presented, with some errors or omissions, most criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an adequate level.

Fail

0 - 49

Work not of acceptable standard: Unsatisfactory achievement and engagement with the medical science discipline; inadequate understanding or fundamental misunderstanding of topics; most criteria and learning outcomes not clearly or adequately addressed or achieved; lack of effort/involvement in the unit.

For more information see sydney.edu.au/students/guide-to-grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

This unit has an exception to the standard University policy or supplementary information has been provided by the unit coordinator. This information is displayed below:

If a student cannot complete any of the online assessments on their due date, they should contact the BIOS1169's Co-ordinator at the earliest opportunity. Also submit a Special Consideration if an exam is missed due to illness or misadventure.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 1. Intro to pelvis, hip, knee; 2. Pelvis; 3. Hip; 4. Knee Lecture (3 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Bones & joints of the pelvis & proximal lower limb ZOOM (ALL students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 02 1. Intro to proximal lower limb muscles; 2. Proximal lower limb function Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6
Proximal lower limb muscles & fasciae ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C & RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Proximal lower limb WET LAB; 2. Proximal lower limb DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 03 1. Leg, ankle & foot; 2. Intro. to distal lower limb muscles Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Proximal lower limb WET LAB; 2. Proximal lower limb DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Proximal lower limb muscles & fasciae ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Virtual Combined WET & DRY LAB Pelvis & proximal lower limb (for RE students) Online class (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 04 1. Distal lower limb function Lecture (1 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Distal lower limb ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C & RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Distal lower limb WET LAB; 2. Distal lower limb DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 05 1. Lower limb nerves; 2. Lower limb blood vessels; 3. Anatomy of Gait 1 Lecture (2.5 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO10
1. Distal lower limb WET LAB; 2. Distal lower limb DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Distal lower limb ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Virtual Combined WET & DRY LAB Distal lower limb (for RE students) Online class (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 06 1. Lower limb nerve lesions; 2. Anatomy of Gait 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO5 LO6 LO8 LO9
Lower limb neurovascular ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C & RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO7 LO8 LO10
Lower limb neurovascular WET LAB (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Practical (1.5 hr) LO5 LO7 LO8 LO10
Week 07 1. Anatomy of gait 3; 2. Anatomy of Gait 4 Lecture (3 hr) LO5 LO6
Lower limb neurovascular WET LAB (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C) Practical (1.5 hr) LO5 LO7 LO8 LO10
Lower limb neurovascular ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Online class (1.5 hr) LO5 LO7 LO8 LO10
Virtual WET LAB Lower limb neurovascular (for RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO5 LO7 LO8 LO9 LO10
Week 08 1. Lower limb nerve lesions tutorial; 2. Skeleton of trunk and neck 1 Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6 LO8 LO9
Week 09 1. Skeleton of the trunk & neck 2; 2. Skeleton of the trunk & neck 3 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Skeleton of the trunk & neck ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C & RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
1. Axial skeleton WET LAB; 2. Axial skeleton DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 10 1. Trunk muscles 1; 2. Trunk muscles 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Axial skeleton WET LAB; 2. Axial skeleton DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Skeleton of the trunk & neck ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Online class (1.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Virtual Combined WET & DRY LAB Axial skeleton (for RE students) Online class (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 11 1. Neck muscles; 2. Neck stability & axial dermatomes Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO8
Axial muscles ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C & RE students) Online class (1.5 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Axial muscles WET LAB; 2. Axial muscles DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Practical (2.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 12 1. Lumbopelvic Rhythm; 2. Core stability Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
1. Axial muscles WET LAB; 2. Axial muscles DRY LAB (for CC cohort Groups A, B & C) Practical (2.5 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5
Axial muscles ZOOM (for CC cohort Groups D & E) Online class (1.5 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Virtual Combined WET & DRY LAB Axial muscles (for RE students) Online class (2 hr)  
Week 13 1. Axial motion & muscle activity 1; 2. Axial motion & muscle activity 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6
Review/Q & A ZOOM (ALL students) Online class (1 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8

Attendance and class requirements

There are no specific attendance or class requirements for this unit. However, attendance at scheduled online and practical classes is highly recommended as attendance correlates with performance i.e. low practical class/tutorial attendance is linked to low performance including failure.

There will be online practical classes/tutorials in Weeks 1 and 13 and in Weeks 2 or 3, 4 or 5, 9 or 10 and 11 or 12. Attendance at these classes will be monitored.

There will be on-campus practical classes/tutorials in Weeks 2 or 3, 4 or 5, 6 or 7, 9 or 10 and 11 or 12. Attendance at these classes will be monitored.

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

Recommended textbooks:

Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function. N. Palastanga and R. Soames. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. 7th edition 2019.

Anatomy. A Photographic Atlas. J.W. Rohen, C. Yokochi and E. Lütjen-Drecoll. Wolters Kluwer. 8th Edition/2016 OR Atlas of Anatomy. Gilmore, A.M., MacPherson, B.R. (eds). Thieme. 3rd Edition 2014.

Additonal prescribed readings for specific sub-topics will be available on the unit’s Canvas website.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Identify and classify bones of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and head and identify and deduce the functions of major bone markings in these regions.
  • LO2. Identify, classify and state/deduce the open and closed kinetic chain motions available at the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO3. Identify and deduce the functions of the ligaments of the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck including the high cervical joints.
  • LO4. Identify, describe the attachments and deduce the actions and functions of the muscles of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO5. Relate surface and radiological anatomy to the gross anatomy of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and posterior head.
  • LO6. Relate the gross musculoskeletal anatomy to functional activities involving the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO7. Identify the components of the nerve plexuses for the lower limb and the neck and their branches in the lower limb and neck.
  • LO8. State the motor and sensory distribution of the spinal and peripheral nerves to the lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO9. Differentiate between peripheral and spinal nerve lesions of the lower limb.
  • LO10. Identify and state the supply and drainage of the major blood vessels of the lower limb.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
GQ1 GQ2 GQ3 GQ4 GQ5 GQ6 GQ7 GQ8 GQ9

Alignment with Competency standards

Outcomes Competency standards
LO1
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.1. Explain individual joint complexes and their independent and composite functions in posture and movement analysis in exercise.
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO2
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.1. Explain individual joint complexes and their independent and composite functions in posture and movement analysis in exercise.
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
5.2.5. Describe the adaptations that can occur within the neuro-musculoskeletal system as a result of deconditioning, ageing and injury, and the role of physical activity and exercise for preventing functional decline.
5.2.7. Analyse movement identifying which muscles are active in producing and controlling a movement of a joint.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO3
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.1. Explain individual joint complexes and their independent and composite functions in posture and movement analysis in exercise.
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO4
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
5.2.5. Describe the adaptations that can occur within the neuro-musculoskeletal system as a result of deconditioning, ageing and injury, and the role of physical activity and exercise for preventing functional decline.
5.2.7. Analyse movement identifying which muscles are active in producing and controlling a movement of a joint.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO5
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
8.2.4. Identify musculoskeletal structures from surface anatomy.
LO6
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.1. Explain individual joint complexes and their independent and composite functions in posture and movement analysis in exercise.
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
5.2.5. Describe the adaptations that can occur within the neuro-musculoskeletal system as a result of deconditioning, ageing and injury, and the role of physical activity and exercise for preventing functional decline.
5.2.6. Analyse and evaluate results from static and dynamic assessments and provide recommendations for exercise prescription.
5.2.7. Analyse movement identifying which muscles are active in producing and controlling a movement of a joint.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO7
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
LO8
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
LO9
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
8.2.2. Describe the structural and operational processes of anatomical structures and their interrelationships.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
Accredited Exercise Scientist Professional Standards (2022) - ESSA
5.2.2. Explain the relationship of structure (including micro and macro) with function, force and movement.
5.2.3. Identify the components of the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the body, and describe the role of the bony segments, joint-related connective tissue structures, muscles and forces applied to these structures.
8.2.1. Identify anatomical structures as they relate to all body systems.
8.2.3. Apply anatomical terms to describe position, movement, body direction, regions, body planes or sections.
Changes to the unit since it was last offered include the production of additional workbooks, guidelines to keep students on pace with their learning and rearranging of the online, on-campus wet lab and on-campus dry lab classes to better fit the updated timetable.

More information relating to this unit will be communicated via the unit’s Canvas website.

Additional costs

PPE (as required by the Anatomy Laboratories Manager) for the Wet and Dry Anatomy laboratory practical classes

Site visit guidelines

Up-to-date site visit guidelines will be distributed via BIOS1169's Canvas website whenever COVID-19 restrictions change.

Work, health and safety

There are COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions additional to the usual specific WHS requirements for this unit in relation to the on-campus practical classes in the Wet and Dry Anatomy Laboratory spaces on the Camperdown campus of The University of Sydney.

Disclaimer

The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

To help you understand common terms that we use at the University, we offer an online glossary.