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Unit of study_

BIOS2170: Body Systems and Human Performance

This unit will present the gross anatomy, functional histology, physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular, respiratory and renal systems (including acid-base homeostasis) relevant to human movement. This unit includes laboratory classes in which human cadaveric material is studied; attendance at such classes is compulsory. It includes classes during which students interpret physiological data and explain the physiological principles associated demonstrated. These classes link across all topics culminating in a capstone activity which emphasizes the integrated nature of human movement and performance.

Details

Academic unit Department of Medical Sciences
Unit code BIOS2170
Unit name Body Systems and Human Performance
Session, year
? 
Semester 1, 2021
Attendance mode Normal day
Location Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney
Credit points 6

Enrolment rules

Prohibitions
? 
BIOS1170 or BMED2403 or PHSI2005
Prerequisites
? 
None
Corequisites
? 
None
Available to study abroad and exchange students

No

Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator Peter Knight, peter.knight@sydney.edu.au
Lecturer(s) Peter Knight , peter.knight@sydney.edu.au
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Record+) Type B final exam Online Final exam
Short answer and MCQ
50% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO9
Small continuous assessment Feedback questions
Written response
10% Multiple weeks One page each
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO9 LO8 LO7 LO6 LO5 LO4 LO3 LO2
Assignment Quizzes
Online MCQ
10% Multiple weeks 10 minutes each
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO9
In-semester test (Take-home short release) Type D in-semester exam Mid-semester exam
Extended short answer type questions
30% Week 07
Due date: 20 Apr 2021 at 13:00
2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2
Type B final exam = Type B final exam ?
Type D in-semester exam = Type D in-semester exam ?
  • Online quizzes: The final mark and will include the 5 best performances. Each quiz will be available online for a limited time. You will be advised when quizzes are available and must complete the quizzes within the period of availability.
  • Feedback questions: Feedback questions will be made available weekly. You must submit your answers by email. You must complete 5 weeks of feedback questions. Completion of the other week’s feedback questions is optional.
  • Mid-semester exam: This exam will cover introduction to basic biology and cardiovascular system (anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology).
  • Final exam: This exam will cover the material that was not covered in the mid-semester exam. Calculators are not permitted in examinations; assessments have been modified so that calculators are not required.

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range

Description

High distinction

85 - 100

  • Demonstrates an extensive knowledge and understanding of the concepts of BIOS2170 content including prescribed focus areas and broader context
  • Displays an outstanding ability to describe and explain anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology concepts, including abstract ideas, clearly and accurately, and to apply the concepts to unfamiliar situations
  • Applies a high level of critical thinking skills in developing appropriate solutions to problems involving a long sequence of related tasks
  • Analyses, evaluates and extrapolates anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology data effectively, identifies complex relationships, quantifies explanations and descriptions, and synthesizes information to draw conclusions
  • Communicates succinctly, logically and sequentially using a variety of scientific formats

Distinction

75 - 84

  • Demonstrates a thorough knowledge and understanding of the concepts of BIOS2170 content including prescribed focus areas and broader context
  • Effectively communicates a detailed understanding of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology concepts using appropriate terminology and scientific formats, and applies the concepts to unfamiliar situations
  • Analyses information given in written, tabular, graphical and diagrammatic forms and relates this to other relevant information
  • Displays competence in manipulating information to solve problems involving a number of steps

Credit

65 - 74

  • Demonstrates a sound knowledge and understanding of the concepts of BIOS2170 content including prescribed focus areas and broader context
  • Describes concepts and information clearly in written, graphical and diagrammatic forms, and applies these concepts in familiar situations
  • Demonstrates a broad ability to apply concepts to unfamiliar situations
  • Displays proficiency in selecting relevant data from information given in written, tabular, graphical and diagrammatic form

Pass

50 - 64

  • Demonstrates a basic knowledge and understanding of the concepts of BIOS2170 content including prescribed focus areas and broader context
  • Uses simple anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology definitions, terms, diagrams and graphs to communicate understanding of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology concepts
  • Substitutes data from information given in written, tabular, graphical and diagrammatic form, and manipulates basic anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology data

Fail

0 - 49

  • Demonstrates a limited or no knowledge and understanding of BIOS2170 content including prescribed focus areas and broader context
  • Recalls elementary terminology related to some areas of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology

For more information see sydney.edu.au/students/guide-to-grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 Body fluids and homeostasis Lecture (2 hr) LO1
Week 02 Cardiovascular system Lecture (3 hr) LO2
Cardiovascular anatomy Practical (2 hr) LO2
Week 03 Cardiovascular system Lecture (3 hr) LO2
Applied cardiovascular physiology and drugs in sport Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO5
Week 04 Assessing cardiovascular system function Practical (2 hr) LO2
Cardiovascular system Lecture (3 hr) LO2
Week 05 Control blood pressure Practical (2 hr) LO2
Respiratory system Lecture (3 hr) LO3
Week 06 Respiratory system Lecture (2 hr) LO3
Cardiovascular system review Lecture (1 hr) LO2
Respiratory anatomy Practical (2 hr) LO3
Week 07 Respiratory system Lecture (1 hr) LO3
Week 08 CVS/respiratory applied physiology and drugs in sport Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO4 LO5
Respiratory system Lecture (2 hr) LO3
Week 09 Pulmonary function tests Practical (2 hr) LO3
Respiratory system Lecture (1 hr) LO3
Urinary system Lecture (2 hr) LO6
Week 10 Urinary system Lecture (3 hr) LO6
CVS/respiratory/urinary applied physiology and drugs in sport Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO4 LO5 LO7
Week 11 Urinary system Lecture (3 hr) LO6
Urinary anatomy Practical (2 hr) LO6
Week 12 Acid-base balance Lecture (2 hr) LO8
CVS/respiratory/urinary/acid-base balance applied physiology and drugs in sport Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO4 LO5 LO7 LO9
Week 13 acid-base and urinary tutorial Lecture and tutorial (2 hr) LO6 LO8

Attendance and class requirements

  • The University of Sydney Coursework Policy 2014 states: 
    55 (2) A student enrolled in a unit of study must comply with the requirements set out in the faculty resolutions, award course resolutions or unit of study outline about undertaking the unit of study, including on matters such as: (a) attendance at and participation in lectures, seminars and tutorials; and (b) participation in practical work. The Faculty of Medicine and Health resolutions states: 7(1) Students are required to attend at the correct time and place of any formal or informal examinations. Non-attendance on any grounds insufficient to claim special consideration or special arrangement will result in the forfeiture of marks associated with the assessment. Participation in a minimum number of assessment items may be included in the requirements specified for a unit of study.

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

none

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Describe: the distribution of water in the body. the difference between intra- and extra- cellular fluid. the structure and function of the cell membrane. membrane transport mechanisms. homeostatic systems (negative feedback, positive feedback, feedforward)
  • LO2. Describe: the anatomy of the heart, blood vessels and lymphatics; the external and internal features of the heart; the major components of the cardiac conducting system; the coronary circulation; the nerve supply of the heart and blood vessels; how the microstructure of different types of blood vessels relates to their function; lymphatic vessels; the location and role of valves (in the heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels); the origin and regulation of electrical events of the heart (with reference to microstructure of the cardiac myocyte); how the heart functions as a pump; the factors that influence cardiac output and how it is regulated, including the mathematical formulae used to describe these factors; the factors that influence blood flow and blood pressure and the mathematical formulae used to describe them; regulation of blood flow and blood pressure, including local, humoral and neural influences; the microcirculation and exchange of substances; the role of the lymphatic system and its relationship to the circulation; the pathophysiological processes underlying the development of common cardiovascular diseases.
  • LO3. Describe: the organs, passages and musculoskeletal framework of the respiratory system; the process of ventilation, including the gas laws and the relationships between pressure, resistance and flow, the role of the inspiratory and expiratory muscles, the various pressures inside the chest, the role of the pleura in facilitating ventilation; factors that affect ventilation with reference resistance and compliance and work of breathing; measurement of ventilation, measures of volume and capacitance, pulmonary function tests, common diseases of the airways; the process by which gas is exchanged between the alveoli and the blood, including the concept of partial pressures, the significance of dead space, ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q) matching; normal blood gas values, how they can be measured and how they can be affected in common disorders; the process by which gases are transported between the lungs and the tissues, focusing on oxygen and carbon dioxide, the key role of haemoglobin, the haemoglobin dissociation curve; control of ventilation, including the role of arterial levels of O2, CO2, H+; the common diseases that affect the respiratory system and the pathophysiological changes they produce.
  • LO4. Apply the learning covered in objective 3 to explain the physiological changes occurring during exercise, how they can be modified by training, and how they are affected by pharmacological agents. Use this information to develop policies regarding the use of drugs in sport.
  • LO5. Apply the learning covered in objective 2 to explain the physiological changes occurring during exercise, how they can be modified by training, and how they are affected by pharmacological agents. Use this information to develop policies regarding the use of drugs in sport.
  • LO6. Describe: the general functions of the urinary system and how the urinary system contributes to the homeostasis of the body; the anatomy of the organs involved in production, storage and elimination of urine; the relationship between the structure and function of the nephron; the process of urine formation and the factors controlling it; the micturiton reflex; the role of the urinary system in regulation of blood pressure; the endocrine functions of the kidney; Outline some common pathologies of the urinary system and management.
  • LO7. Apply the learning covered in objective 6 to explain the physiological changes occurring during exercise and how they are affected by pharmacological agents. Use this information to develop policies regarding the use of drugs in sport.
  • LO8. Describe: regulation of pH in the intracellular and extracellular fluid; the pH of the blood and how it is affected by carbon dioxide and bicarbonate ion concentration; how the body responds to changes in carbon dioxide and bicarbonate levels; the role of the respiratory system in the regulation of hydrogen ion concentration; the role of the kidneys in the regulation of hydrogen ion concentration; the terms: acidosis, acidaemia, respiratory acidosis, metabolic acidosis, alkalosis, alkalemia, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic alkalosis.Apply this knowledge to the diagnosis of the underlying cause of acid-base abnormalities.
  • LO9. Apply the learning covered in objective 8 to explain the physiological changes occurring during exercise and how they are affected by pharmacological agents. Use this information to develop policies regarding the use of drugs in sport.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
GQ1 GQ2 GQ3 GQ4 GQ5 GQ6 GQ7 GQ8 GQ9
Student feedback is considered when planning the unit for the following year.

Work, health and safety

anatomy laboratory induction is required

Disclaimer

The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

To help you understand common terms that we use at the University, we offer an online glossary.