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Unit outline_

# COMP5318: Machine Learning and Data Mining

## Overview

Machine learning is the process of automatically building mathematical models that explain and generalise datasets. It integrates elements of statistics and algorithm development into the same discipline. Data mining is a discipline within knowledge discovery that seeks to facilitate the exploration and analysis of large quantities for data, by automatic and semiautomatic means. This subject provides a practical and technical introduction to machine learning and data mining. Topics to be covered include problems of discovering patterns in the data, classification, regression, feature extraction and data visualisation. Also covered are analysis, comparison and usage of various types of machine learning techniques and statistical techniques.

### Unit details and rules

Academic unit Computer Science 6 None None None INFO2110 OR ISYS2110 OR COMP9120 OR COMP5138 Yes

### Teaching staff

Coordinator Nguyen Tran, nguyen.tran@sydney.edu.au Nguyen Tran

## Assessment

Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Record+) Final exam
Final exam.
50% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed:
Online task Mid-term quiz
Mid-term quiz with multiple choice questions.
15% Week 07 1 hour.
Outcomes assessed:
Assignment Assignment 1
Computer program. See Canvas for more details.
15% Week 07 n/a
Outcomes assessed:
Assignment Assignment 2
Computer program and report; in groups of 2 students.
20% Week 12 n/a
Outcomes assessed:
= hurdle task
= group assignment
= Type B final exam

### Assessment summary

• Assignment 1 – writing a computer program to solve a given task.
• Assignment 2 – writing a computer program to solve a given task and a report discussing the results.
• Mid-term quiz – Canvas online quiz.
• Exam –  final exam during exam period

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

### Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range

Description

High distinction

85 - 100

Distinction

75 - 84

Credit

65 - 74

Pass

50 - 64

Fail

0 - 49

When you don’t meet the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

Also, there’s a 40% barrier on the final exam (less than 40% in the exam is automatically a FAIL).

For more information see guide to grades.

### Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

• Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
• After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

This unit has an exception to the standard University policy or supplementary information has been provided by the unit coordinator. This information is displayed below:

Assignment 1 and Assignment 2 - late submissions are allowed up to 5 days late. A penalty of 5% per day late will apply.

### Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

Use of generative artificial intelligence (AI) and automated writing tools

You may only use generative AI and automated writing tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator. If you do use these tools, you must acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section. The assessment instructions or unit outline will give guidance of the types of tools that are permitted and how the tools should be used.

Your final submitted work must be your own, original work. You must acknowledge any use of generative AI tools that have been used in the assessment, and any material that forms part of your submission must be appropriately referenced. For guidance on how to acknowledge the use of AI, please refer to the AI in Education Canvas site.

The unapproved use of these tools or unacknowledged use will be considered a breach of the Academic Integrity Policy and penalties may apply.

Studiosity is permitted unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission as detailed on the Learning Hub’s Canvas page.

Outside assessment tasks, generative AI tools may be used to support your learning. The AI in Education Canvas site contains a number of productive ways that students are using AI to improve their learning.

## Learning support

### Simple extensions

If you encounter a problem submitting your work on time, you may be able to apply for an extension of five calendar days through a simple extension.  The application process will be different depending on the type of assessment and extensions cannot be granted for some assessment types like exams.

### Special consideration

If exceptional circumstances mean you can’t complete an assessment, you need consideration for a longer period of time, or if you have essential commitments which impact your performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Special consideration applications will not be affected by a simple extension application.

### Using AI responsibly

Co-created with students, AI in Education includes lots of helpful examples of how students use generative AI tools to support their learning. It explains how generative AI works, the different tools available and how to use them responsibly and productively.

## Weekly schedule

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 Administrative matters and course overview. Introduction to machine learning and data mining. Data: cleaning, pre-processing and similarity measures. Online class (3 hr)
Week 02 Nearest neighbour. Rule-based algorithms. Online class (3 hr)
Week 03 Linear regression. Logistic regression. Overfitting and regularization. Online class (3 hr)
Week 04 Naïve Bayes. Evaluating machine learning methods. Online class (3 hr)
Week 05 Decision trees. Ensembles. Online class (3 hr)
Week 06 Support vector machines. Kernels. Dimensionality reduction methods. Online class (3 hr)
Week 07 Neural networks - perceptrons and backpropagation algorithm. Online class (3 hr)
Week 08 Deep neural networks – convolutional and recurrent. Online class (3 hr)
Week 09 Clustering I: Partitional, model-based and hierarchical. Online class (3 hr)
Week 10 Clustering II: Density-based and grid-based. Evaluating clustering results. Online class (3 hr)
Week 11 Markov models – HMM, MEMM, CRF. Online class (3 hr)
Week 12 Reinforcement learning. Online class (3 hr)
Week 13 Guest lecture. Revision. Online class (3 hr)

### Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

### Required readings

Textbooks:

1. Ian H. Witten, Eibe Frank, Mark Hall and Christopher J. Pal (2017). Data Mining - Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques, 4th edition, Morgan Kaufmann.

2. Pang-Ning Tan, Michael Steinbach, Anuj Karpathe and Vipin Kumar (2019). Introduction to Data Mining, 2nd edition, Pearson.

Books for the practical part using Python:

1. Andreas C. Mueller and Sarah Guido (2016). Introduction to Machine Learning with Python: A Guide for Data Scientists, O'Reilly.

2. Aurelien Geron (2019). Hands-On Machine Learning with Scikit-Learn, Keras and TensorFlow, O'Reilly.

## Learning outcomes

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University's graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

• LO1. understand the basic principles, strengths, weaknesses and applicability of machine learning algorithms for solving classification, regression, clustering and reinforcement learning tasks.
• LO2. have obtained practical experience in designing, implementing and evaluating machine learning algorithms
• LO3. have gained practical experience in using machine learning software and libraries
• LO4. present and interpret data and information in verbal and written form

### Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

 GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline. GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem. GQ3 Oral and written communication Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context. GQ4 Information and digital literacy Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies. GQ5 Inventiveness Generating novel ideas and solutions. GQ6 Cultural competence Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues. GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries. GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context. GQ9 Influence Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

### Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
GQ1 GQ2 GQ3 GQ4 GQ5 GQ6 GQ7 GQ8 GQ9

## Responding to student feedback

This section outlines changes made to this unit following staff and student reviews.

Positive student feedback in S1 2020; no major changes, refining and improving only.

### Disclaimer

The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

To help you understand common terms that we use at the University, we offer an online glossary.