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We are aiming for an incremental return to campus in accordance with guidelines provided by NSW Health and the Australian Government. Until this time, learning activities and assessments will be planned and scheduled for online delivery where possible, and unit-specific details about face-to-face teaching will be provided on Canvas as the opportunities for face-to-face learning become clear.

Unit of study_

MECH8416: Advanced Design and Analysis

This UoS utilises assumed theoretical knowledge and skills to elucidate the stresses and strains that exit in the different categories of machine parts. It sets out to make the students familiar with the simplifications that are applied to arrive at the analytic expressions commonly used to analyse each individual categories parts. These simplifications usually begin by assuming that only particular types of loads are carried by teh parts in that category. The resulting analyses provide approximations to the actual stresses. It is possible to have different degrees of simplifications, requiring more or less work, giving better or poorer approximations. Should a part be used to carry loads that were not allowed for in the traditional method then some more appropriate method must be found or developed. An important aspect is to make the student practiced in a range of modern concepts, techniques and tools, and to be made aware of their strengths and limitations. This UoS teaches the student how to recognise where and how their theoretical skills can be applied to the practical situations that they may encounter in this field of design. Options may be provided in the choice of design assignments. Biomedical engineering and vehicle design problems may be provided as options to more general machine design problems.


Academic unit Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic
Unit code MECH8416
Unit name Advanced Design and Analysis
Session, year
Semester 1, 2020
Attendance mode Normal day
Location Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney
Credit points 6

Enrolment rules

Assumed knowledge

ENGG1802 or AMME1802 - Eng Mechanics; balance of forces and moments; AMME2301 - Mechanics of Solids; 2 and 3 dimensional stress and strain; AMME2500 - Engineering Dynamics - dynamic forces and moments; MECH2400 - Mechanical Design 1; approach to design problems and report writing; and preparation of engineering drawing; MECH3460 - Mechanical design 2; means of applying fatigue analysis to a wide range of machine components

Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator Andrei Lozzi,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Assignment Assignment 1
25% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO3 LO7 LO9
Assignment Assignment 2
25% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO3 LO4 LO7
Assignment Assignment 3
25% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO3 LO5 LO10
Assignment Assignment 4
25% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO3 LO5 LO6 LO8 LO11
  • Assignment 1: The first assignment deals with the application of a modern CAD system, and its integrated Finite Element Analysis package, to the design of simple but diverse types of assemblies.
  • Assignment 2: The second assignment examines the designs of a space 3D frame to meet a simplified but realistic application.
  • Assignment 3: The third assignment is devoted to the design of the gear set for a speed reducing gear box.
  • Assignment 4: The fourth assignment will deal with the design of a clutch or brake for a train, truck or car.

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100



75 - 84



65 - 74



50 - 64



0 - 49

When you don’t meet the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

For more information see

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic honesty, academic dishonesty, and the resources available to all students.

The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic dishonesty or plagiarism seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic dishonesty. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of dishonesty, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 Finite element analysis Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 02 Review of fatigue failure mechanisms Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 03 1. Presentation of modern approaches in designing; 2. Industrial standard reports Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 04 1. Presentation of the designs of frames in simple and complex industrial situations; 2. Analysis of frames using fundamental principles and FEA packages Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 05 1. Demonstration of similar frame requirements showing the multitudes of possible solutions; 2. Opportunities for lateral thinking Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 06 1. Designs and applications of hydrodynamic bearings; 2. Discussion of design solutions Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 07 Analysis of welded joints for static and dynamic loads Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 08 Practices of gear applications histories Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 09 Presentation of a gear problem Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 10 Presentation on the varieties of brakes and clutches Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 11 Presentation of brake problem Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 12 Presentation of an explicit FEA system Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 13 Discussing advantages and disadvantages of student approaches Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Prescribed readings

All readings for this unit can be accessed through the Library eReserve, available on Canvas.

  • P McHugh & A Lozzi, Mechanical Design 1 & 2 (MECH2400 & MECH3460). USA, McGraw Hill, 2009. 0 07-028142-4.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. consider the range and evolution of CAD systems to aid in the selection of systems for particular duties, for today and in the near future
  • LO2. use a modern kinematic and dynamic package that is integral with our solid modeler CAD system to simulate articulated machinery and determine joint loads between the parts
  • LO3. analyse a simple mechanical assembly, using the FEA package included in our CAD package to critically consider if the assembly can function as required and if the parts are of appropriate shapes
  • LO4. design and make a space frame to carry specified loads and meet dimensional and functional requirements, such that it may be compared with competing frames
  • LO5. select a type then design, a brake system for one of a range of applications, such as taxi, crane, metro train or competition car
  • LO6. design a bolted joint to carry shear loads
  • LO7. determine the appropriate parameters for a gear pair, and possibly a whole gear train, according to AGMA design guidelines by using the numeric optimising solver built into Excel, providing the means of arriving at the lightest or cheapest gear sets
  • LO8. apply modern fatigue life predictions in general to component parts
  • LO9. use a numerical solver to arrive at optimal design dimensions and material properties, provided the invention part of the design is completed and only the size and shape of the design has to be settled
  • LO10. calculate the parameters that define a matched pair of spur gears, leading to the selection of multiple gear pairs in gearboxes
  • LO11. apply considerations of geometrical and practical constraints in the design of parts and assemblies.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
Structure made explicitly clearer to students.


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

To help you understand common terms that we use at the University, we offer an online glossary.