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Unit of study_

OLET1638: Astronomy: from Stars to Black Holes

This unit of study explores the lives of the stars, leading some to explosive ends and the formation of a black hole. You will learn about the life cycle of a star from its birth in the interstellar medium to its fate as a stellar remnant - as a white dwarf, neutron star or perhaps a black hole. You will work with simulations to gain an appreciation and understanding of the methodology and techniques of modern astronomy, especially astronomical spectroscopy that allows us to measure the composition, physical state and motion of the stars. These measurements also reveal the extreme properties of stellar remnants. More recently, observations of gravitational waves have opened a new window on the universe, allowing us to study the merger of neutron stars. Our study of spectroscopic and gravitational wave observations of extreme environments will clearly illustrate how modern astronomy depends on advancing technology leading to new instrumentation and observational capabilities. The unit also includes opportunities for day and night observing sessions.

Details

Academic unit Physics Academic Operations
Unit code OLET1638
Unit name Astronomy: from Stars to Black Holes
Session, year
? 
Intensive September, 2021
Attendance mode Block mode
Location Remote
Credit points 2

Enrolment rules

Prohibitions
? 
PHYS1500
Prerequisites
? 
None
Corequisites
? 
None
Available to study abroad and exchange students

Yes

Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator John O'Byrne, john.obyrne@sydney.edu.au
Lecturer(s) Tim White , tim.white@sydney.edu.au
Administrative staff Physics Student Services Office - Email: physics.studentservices@sydney.edu.au - Room 210, Physics Building A28
Type Description Weight Due Length
Assignment Observing worksheet
Report on night sky observing
10% -
Due date: 21 Nov 2021

Closing date: 22 Nov 2021
4 pages
Outcomes assessed: LO7
Final exam (Record+) Type B final exam hurdle task Final online examination
Written short answer online exam.
50% Week 07
Due date: 08 Oct 2021
1 hour
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Tutorial quiz Mini-quizzes
Mini-Quizzes embedded in online material
5% Weekly 5 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Tutorial quiz Mastering Astronomy quizzes
Longer quizzes to build understanding
10% Weekly 30 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Tutorial quiz Review quizzes
End of week review quiz
10% Weekly 30 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Assignment Tutorials
Results from astronomical data exercise
15% Weekly 1 hour
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
hurdle task = hurdle task ?
Type B final exam = Type B final exam ?
  • Embedded quizzes: Comprehension of the online material will be tested by brief, automatically marked, multiple choice mini-quizzes. These are used to help you step systematically through the videos/readings.
  • Mastering Astronomy quizzes: MA quizzes at the end of each week are designed to build your understanding of aspects of the material with more complex questions incorporating hints, feedback and multiple, automatically marked attempts.
  • Review quizzes: Review assessments at the end of each week will be longer, automatically marked, multiple choice quizzes. These are used to measure your progress through each week of the unit.
  • Tutorials: Students to individually submit results from the tutorial data exercise
  • Report on observing session: A worksheet will be submitted with the report on night sky observing.
  • Final examination: Online exam comprised of short answer questions that is required for a pass in this unit. Note that the timing of the exam has changed from earlier semesters and varies between the three Astronomy OLEs.

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014(Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range

Description

High distinction

85 - 100

Excellent understanding demonstarted in the end of week quizzes and the final exam; on-time completion of all aspects of the unit

Distinction

75 - 84

Good understanding demonstarted in the end of week quizzes and the final exam; on-time completion of all aspects of the unit

Credit

65 - 74

Acceptable understanding demonstarted in the end of week quizzes and the final exam; sometimes combined with a lower standard of results in some other aspects of the unit.

Pass

50 - 64

Basic understanding demonstarted in the end of week quizzes and the final exam; often combined with poor results or lack of completion of some other aspects of the unit.

Fail

0 - 49

Poor understanding demonstarted in the end of week quizzes and the final exam; usually combined with lack of completion of some other aspects of the unit.  i.e. Not meeting the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

For more information see sydney.edu.au/students/guide-to-grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

This unit has an exception to the standard University policy or supplementary information has been provided by the unit coordinator. This information is displayed below:

Standard University late penalties apply.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic honesty, academic dishonesty, and the resources available to all students.

The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic dishonesty or plagiarism seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic dishonesty. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of dishonesty, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Multiple weeks Observing - single session Practical (2 hr) LO7
Week 02 Stellar Properties and Evolution - Canvas pages Online class (5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO6
Stellar Properties and Evolution Tutorial (1 hr) LO1 LO2 LO4 LO6
Stellar Properties and Evolution Workshop (1 hr) LO1 LO2 LO6
Week 03 Late Stage Evolution and Supernovae - Canvas pages Online class (5 hr) LO2 LO5
Late Stage Evolution and Supernovae Tutorial (1 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5
Late Stage Evolution and Supernovae Workshop (1 hr) LO2 LO5
Week 04 Neutron Stars - Canvas pages Online class (5 hr) LO2 LO5 LO6
Neutron Stars Tutorial (1 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Neutron Stars Workshop (1 hr) LO2 LO5 LO6
Week 05 Black Holes and Gravitational Waves - Canvas pages Online class (5 hr) LO2 LO5 LO6
Black Holes and Gravitational Waves Tutorial (1 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Black Holes and Gravitational Waves Workshop (1 hr) LO2 LO5 LO6
Week 07 Revision and Preparation for final exam Individual study (5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 2 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 40-50 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

All readings for this unit can be accessed on the Canvas site for this unit.

Other resources

Extensive and reliable astronomy information is available on-line, beyond the materials and links presented on the Canvas pages.  Introductory astronomy textbooks at a suitable level (similar to the online text linked in the canvas pages) are available in the SciTech library. For example, a book we have used in the past is The Cosmic Perspective, Jeffrey O. Bennett (various editions).

Be aware that astronomy is a rapidly advancing field and, while all the basic information will be correct in older books and give you a good background, the latest information and perspectives that we embed in this unit may be missing.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Compare and contrast the basic observable properties of stars and how they are measured
  • LO2. Summarise the birth and evolutionary history of stars of various masses
  • LO3. Discuss the indigenous astronomy context for modern stellar astronomy
  • LO4. Carry out simulations to illustrate how spectra are used to determine properties of stars
  • LO5. Compare and contrast the characteristics of exotic stellar remnants - white dwarfs, neutron stars or black holes
  • LO6. Outline the significance of changing technology, in particular spectroscopy and gravitational wave observations, in observation of stars and stellar remnants
  • LO7. Carry out simple observations of the planets and stars using an optical telescope to illustrate the central role of observation in astronomy.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
GQ1 GQ2 GQ3 GQ4 GQ5 GQ6 GQ7 GQ8 GQ9
In the first half of 2020, Covid-19 forced the face-to-face components of this unit to be presented online. In 2021, this option will remain for students via remote enrolment (RE), but face-to-face enrolment (CC) will also be offered. In the second half of 2021: - Student feedback and our experience with this unit has led to some recent changes in tutorial content. - Times for submission of quizzes and tutorials will be reduced to encourage students to 'keep up' - and allow timely emails when they don't. - The exam date will also be moved from the semester 2 final exam period to shortly after the face-to-face component of the unit finishes. This should allow students to sit the exam when the content is fresh in their minds.

Equity, Access and Diversity statement

The School of Physics recognises that biases, bullying and discrimination, including but not limited to those based on gender, race, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion and age, continue to impact parts of our community disproportionately. Consequently, the School is strongly committed to taking effective steps to make our environment supportive and inclusive and one that provides equity of access and opportunity for everyone.


The School has Equity Officers as a point of contact for students who may have a query or concern about any issues relating to equity, access and diversity. If you feel you have been treated unfairly, discriminated against, bullied or disadvantaged in any way, you are encouraged to talk to one of the Equity Officers or any member of the Physics staff.


More information can be found at https://sydney.edu.au/science/schools/school-of-physics/equity-access-diversity.html

Any student who feels they may need a special accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact Disability
Services: https://sydney.edu.au/study/academic-support/disability-support.html who can help arrange support.

Work, health and safety

We are governed by the Work Health and Safety Act 2011, Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011 and Codes of Practice. Penalties for non-compliance have increased. Everyone has a responsibility for health and safety at work. The University’s Work Health and Safety policy explains the responsibilities and expectations of workers and others, and the procedures for managing WHS risks associated with University activities.

Disclaimer

The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

To help you understand common terms that we use at the University, we offer an online glossary.