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Unit outline_

BMET2400: Biomechanical Design

Semester 2, 2021 [Normal day] - Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney

The ability to design within the context of biomedical engineering requires cross-disciplinary knowledge and an appreciation and application of professional engineering standards and ethics. This unit provides students the opportunity to experience the design process and to develop good engineering skills. Students will build on skills and knowledge developed in prerequisite units and be introduced to standards and creative tools relevant to biomedical applications. The importance of standard engineering drawings in the communication and definition of parts and assemblies, the use of a CAD package to create them, and the importance and deeper understanding of standard components will be integral to the learning in this unit. Students will also learn and use the design process from initial idea to finished product, and practice various methods used to generate creative solutions.

Unit details and rules

Academic unit Biomedical Engineering
Credit points 6
Assumed knowledge

ENGG1801 and (AMME1802 or ENGG1802). HSC Maths and HSC Physics.

Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff

Coordinator Young No,
Lecturer(s) Young No,
Ali Entezari,
Tutor(s) Apurv Yadav,
Dylan Liu,
Peyman Obeidy,
Charles Zhao,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Assignment Assignment Module 1
Engineering Drawing Assessment
20% Week 05
Due date: 10 Sep 2021 at 23:59
To be done during Weeks 2-5
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO4 LO5 LO7
Assignment Biomechanics Calculation Quiz
Quiz on human biomechanics, anthropometry, and joint statics
10% Week 08
Due date: 08 Oct 2021 at 17:00
30 minute quiz
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO3
Assignment Assignment Module 2
Assessment on human anthropometry, biomechanics, and ergonomics
25% Week 09
Due date: 15 Oct 2021 at 23:59
To be done during Weeks 6-8
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO7 LO6 LO5 LO4
Assignment group assignment Assignment Module 3
Design of an artificial knee implant
45% Week 13
Due date: 12 Nov 2021 at 23:59
To be done during Weeks 9-13
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7
Group assignment with individually assessed component = group assignment with individually assessed component ?

Assessment summary

Assignment Module 1: Engineering Drawing of a Lego minifigure + accompanying report

Assignment Module 2: Solidworks/CAD file of an anthropometrically representative model of a human body + an ergonomically designed accessory with accompanying short report

Assignment Module 3: Solidworks/CAD file of a total knee implant (individual) with accompanying design report (group). Students will be working in groups of four.

Assignment Module 4: Solidworks/CAD file of a simple tooth prosthesis, and an accompanying finite element analysis report.

Biomechanics Calculation Quiz: A short mid-sem quiz to assess student’s ability to solve mechanics problems based around the human body.

Assessment criteria

Detailed rubrics will be published on Canvas for each of the module assessments. Briefly, students would be graded on the quality of the engineering drawings and CAD-files submitted, as well as the quality and depth of the accompanying discussions behind the design rationale.

Final grades in this unit are awarded at levels of HD for High Distinction, DI (previously D) for Distinction, CR for Credit, PS (previously P) for
Pass and FA (previously F) for Fail as defined by University of Sydney Assessment Policy. Details of the Assessment Policy are available on the
Policies website at . Standards for grades in individual assessment tasks and the summative method for obtaining a
final mark in the unit will be set out in a marking guide supplied by the unit coordinator.

For more information see guide to grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website  provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.  

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

Simple extensions

If you encounter a problem submitting your work on time, you may be able to apply for an extension of five calendar days through a simple extension.  The application process will be different depending on the type of assessment and extensions cannot be granted for some assessment types like exams.

Special consideration

If exceptional circumstances mean you can’t complete an assessment, you need consideration for a longer period of time, or if you have essential commitments which impact your performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Special consideration applications will not be affected by a simple extension application.

Using AI responsibly

Co-created with students, AI in Education includes lots of helpful examples of how students use generative AI tools to support their learning. It explains how generative AI works, the different tools available and how to use them responsibly and productively.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 Engineering Drawing – Basics and Projections Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO7
Week 02 Engineering Drawing – Dimensioning and Tolerancing Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO7
Week 03 Engineering Drawing – Assembly drawings and drawing documentation Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO7
Week 04 Revision of mechanics/kinematics; anatomical positions and gait kinetics Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO3 LO4
Week 05 Anthropometry and ergonomics Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO7
Week 06 Statics of the musculoskeletal system Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO3 LO4
Week 07 Biomedical Engineering Design and Development principles Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7
Week 08 Biomechanics of Hips and knees - Intro to artificial joint replacements Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO3 LO4
Week 09 Design of Biomechanics of joint replacements, and considerations Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7
Week 10 Screw and Dental biomechanics, brief intro to Finite Element Analysis simulation Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO3 LO4 LO6
Week 11 Biomechanics of the jawbone + Design considerations Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7
Week 12 Design of spinal cages and interference screws Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7
Week 13 Revision and Reflection Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7

Attendance and class requirements

Class attendance is required.

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

Paul H. King, Richard C. Fries, Arthur T. Johnson , Design of Biomedical Devices and Systems 4th Edition (4th Edition). United States of
America, CRC-Press, 2019. 978-1138723061.
A.W. Boundy, Engineering Drawing + Sketchbook (8th Edition). Australia, McGraw Hill Australia, 2011. 9780071016766.
Gail Baura, Medical Device Technologies: A Systems Based Overview Using Engineering Standards (1st Edition). Oxford, U.K., Elsevier, 2012.
James Trevelyan, The Making of an Expert Engineer (1st Edition). London U.K., CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. 978-1-138-


Biomechanics references

Winter, David A. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement. John Wiley & Sons, 2009

Özkaya, Nihat, et al. Fundamentals of biomechanics: equilibrium, motion, and deformation. Springer, 2016

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University's graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Develop knowledge and understanding on human biomechanics (anthropometry, whole body mechanics, joint mechanics)
  • LO2. Demonstrate freehand sketching and drafting practices to an Australian Standard.
  • LO3. Perform and evaluate basic joint biomechanics calculations
  • LO4. Appreciate and apply idea generation methods and design analysis techniques to address an engineering problem
  • LO5. Develop skills in design analysis techniques and layout
  • LO6. Develop skills in design development and testing
  • LO7. Communicate designs, processes and results in a format appropriate to the audience, using written and graphical communication methods.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities

This section outlines changes made to this unit following staff and student reviews.

Assessment profiles have been updated based on prior feedback


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

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