Skip to main content
Unit of study_

BIOS2062: Neuroscience II: Communication Disorders

This unit of study considers the development and anatomy of the brainstem and cranial nerves. The anatomy and physiology of special sensory systems and the control and integration of somatic motor activity with special reference to communication are explored comprehensively. Higher functions of the nervous system and adaptive properties including plasticity and recovery of the nervous system after injury are also examined. Considerable emphasis is placed on the anatomical and physiological basis of neurological problems relating to communication disorders throughout the unit of study. This unit of study includes laboratory classes where tissues from human cadavers are examined in detail; attendance at such classes is required for the unit of study.

Code BIOS2062
Academic unit Department of Medical Sciences
Credit points 6

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Describe and understand some of the common medical imaging techniques. Understand the strengths and weaknesses of these imaging techniques
  • LO2. Describe the basic formation of the spinal cord, brain and peripheral nerves. Describe mechanisms and timing of major neurohistological developmental processes. Describe the development of the basic structures related to speech and hearing
  • LO3. Explain the basic developmental mechanisms associated with some malformations of the nervous system
  • LO4. Describe major structures and their functions in the brainstem.
  • LO5. Describe the functional components carried by each cranial nerve, the regions of peripheral innervation and the internal brainstem regions associated with the nerve fibers. Relate clinical symptoms observed in brainstem and cranial nerve lesions.
  • LO6. Identify and understand the structure of the visual system and how visual stimuli is processed by the central nervous system.
  • LO7. Describe the major blood supply and drainage structures to/and from the nervous system. understand the general pathophysiology behind major vascular disruptions.
  • LO8. Describe the major structures and functions of the motor system component including the motor cortex, motor pathways, basal nuclei and the cerebellum. Relate common clinical presentations to lesions or disorders in these components.
  • LO9. Describe major neuroplasticity mechanisms found following damage to either the central or the peripheral nervous systems.
  • LO10. understand basic neuroanatomy of the central and peripheral nervous system
  • LO11. Describe the neural circuits associated with higher order functions such as language, learning, memory and emotional regulation and associated symptoms in case of lesion to these circuits.