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Unit of study_

AERO4260: Aerodynamics 2

Semester 1, 2021 [Normal day] - Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney

This unit aims to introduce students to: elementary and advanced topics in Gasdynamics (High Speed Flows). Course content will include review of Equations of Gasdynamics, One-Dimensional Gas Flow, Isentropic Flows, Normal Shock, Flow in a Converging and Converging-Diverging Nozzle, Steady Two-dimensional Supersonic Flow, Shock waves (Normal and Oblique), Method of Characteristics, Two-dimensional Supersonic Aerofoils, Introduction to Three Dimensional Effects, Unsteady Flows, Moving Shocks, Shock Tube Flow and Transonic Flow and Compressible Boundary Layers, introduction to turbulent flows. At the end of this unit the student will be able to calculate a high speed flow about an aerofoil and compressible flow through a duct of varying cross-section and will have a good appreciation of Transonic and Hypersonic Flows.

Unit details and rules

Unit code AERO4260
Academic unit Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic
Credit points 6
AMME2200 OR AMME2261
Assumed knowledge


Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff

Coordinator Ben Thornber,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Open book) Type C final exam Final exam
Type D Exam
60% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Assignment Distributed assignment
Single analytical question set each Friday and hand in on Monday.
10% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Assignment Assignment
Individual assignment with analytical and numerical design tasks
30% Week 12 8 weeks
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO6 LO5 LO4 LO3 LO2
Type C final exam = Type C final exam ?

Assessment summary

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100



75 - 84



65 - 74



50 - 64



0 - 49

When you don’t meet the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

For more information see

For more information see guide to grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website  provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.  

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

Simple extensions

If you encounter a problem submitting your work on time, you may be able to apply for an extension of five calendar days through a simple extension.  The application process will be different depending on the type of assessment and extensions cannot be granted for some assessment types like exams.

Special consideration

If exceptional circumstances mean you can’t complete an assessment, you need consideration for a longer period of time, or if you have essential commitments which impact your performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Special consideration applications will not be affected by a simple extension application.

Using AI responsibly

Co-created with students, AI in Education includes lots of helpful examples of how students use generative AI tools to support their learning. It explains how generative AI works, the different tools available and how to use them responsibly and productively.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Multiple weeks 6.5 hours of independent study per week required to keep up to speed with lecture material and tutorial questions. Independent study (84.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 01 Introduction. Thermodynamics Online class (2 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 02 Governing equations, steady form Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 03 Isentropic relations, nozzle flows Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO3 LO4
Week 04 Rayleigh and Fanno Flows Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO3
Week 05 Normal shock/oblique shocks Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO5
Week 06 Shock reflections/Prandtl-Meyer deflection Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 07 Supersonic airfoils and intakes Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO2
Week 08 Characteristic theory - linear advection and Euler Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4
Week 09 Shock tube solutions Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4
Week 10 1. Introduction to hypersonics; 2. Introduction to CFD Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 11 CFD for compressible flows - fundamentals of discretisation Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 12 CFD: numerical methods Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 13 CFD for compressible flows: higher-order accuracy Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University's graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. defend a specific choice of CFD method to compute a high speed flow
  • LO2. synthesise available information to determine which analytical approach and CFD method to apply in the analysis and optimisation of ducts, nozzles, intakes or aerofoils
  • LO3. describe qualitatively and evaluate a compressible flow through a duct of varying cross section, including the exiting plume, with or without heat addition or subtraction. Qualitatively describe duct flow with friction.
  • LO4. Derive and apply steady and unsteady isentropic flow analysis and application to one and two dimensional rarefactions. Understand assumptions and articulate the limitations.
  • LO5. Classify the three fundamental wave types present in compressible fluids. Understand the formation of a shock wave and how to compute post-shock properties of normal and oblique waves.
  • LO6. Understand and apply the fundamentals of numerical analysis, including stability, accuracy and convergence for upwind discretisations of the one dimensional linear advection equations. Appreciate the application of the method to second order in space and time schemes to solve the Euler equations.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities

This section outlines changes made to this unit following staff and student reviews.

Modified the weighting of the assignment (+10%), and decreased the weighting of the final exam (-10%). Will enable greater depth of the assignment, and reduce the dependence of the final mark on the exam performance.


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

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