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Unit of study_

AERO4260: Aerodynamics 2

This unit aims to introduce students to: elementary and advanced topics in Gasdynamics (High Speed Flows). Course content will include review of Equations of Gasdynamics, One-Dimensional Gas Flow, Isentropic Flows, Normal Shock, Flow in a Converging and Converging-Diverging Nozzle, Steady Two-dimensional Supersonic Flow, Shock waves (Normal and Oblique), Method of Characteristics, Two-dimensional Supersonic Aerofoils, Introduction to Three Dimensional Effects, Unsteady Flows, Moving Shocks, Shock Tube Flow and Transonic Flow and Compressible Boundary Layers, introduction to turbulent flows. At the end of this unit the student will be able to calculate a high speed flow about an aerofoil and compressible flow through a duct of varying cross-section and will have a good appreciation of Transonic and Hypersonic Flows.


Academic unit Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic
Unit code AERO4260
Unit name Aerodynamics 2
Session, year
Semester 1, 2022
Attendance mode Normal day
Location Remote
Credit points 6

Enrolment rules

AMME2200 or AMME2261
Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff and contact details

Coordinator Ben Thornber,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Take-home short release) Type D final exam Final exam
Type D Exam
60% Formal exam period 1.5 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO6 LO5 LO4 LO3 LO2
Assignment Distributed assignment
Single analytical question set each Friday and hand in on Monday.
10% Multiple weeks n/a
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Assignment Assignment
Individual assignment with analytical and numerical design tasks
30% Week 12 8 weeks
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Type D final exam = Type D final exam ?

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100



75 - 84



65 - 74



50 - 64



0 - 49

When you don’t meet the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

For more information see

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Special consideration

If you experience short-term circumstances beyond your control, such as illness, injury or misadventure or if you have essential commitments which impact your preparation or performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website provides information on academic honesty, academic dishonesty, and the resources available to all students.

The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic dishonesty or plagiarism seriously.

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic dishonesty. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of dishonesty, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Multiple weeks 6.5 hours of independent study per week required to keep up to speed with lecture material and tutorial questions. Independent study (84.5 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 01 Introduction. Thermodynamics Online class (2 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 02 Governing equations, steady form Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 03 Isentropic relations, nozzle flows Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO3 LO4
Week 04 Rayleigh and Fanno Flows Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO3
Week 05 Normal shock/oblique shocks Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO5
Week 06 Shock reflections/Prandtl-Meyer deflection Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4 LO5
Week 07 Supersonic airfoils and intakes Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO2
Week 08 Characteristic theory - linear advection and Euler Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4
Week 09 Shock tube solutions Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO4
Week 10 1. Introduction to hypersonics; 2. Introduction to CFD Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 11 CFD for compressible flows - fundamentals of discretisation Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 12 CFD: numerical methods Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6
Week 13 CFD for compressible flows: higher-order accuracy Lecture and tutorial (4 hr) LO1 LO6

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University’s graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. defend a specific choice of CFD method to compute a high speed flow
  • LO2. synthesise available information to determine which analytical approach and CFD method to apply in the analysis and optimisation of ducts, nozzles, intakes or aerofoils
  • LO3. describe qualitatively and evaluate a compressible flow through a duct of varying cross section, including the exiting plume, with or without heat addition or subtraction. Qualitatively describe duct flow with friction.
  • LO4. Derive and apply steady and unsteady isentropic flow analysis and application to one and two dimensional rarefactions. Understand assumptions and articulate the limitations.
  • LO5. Classify the three fundamental wave types present in compressible fluids. Understand the formation of a shock wave and how to compute post-shock properties of normal and oblique waves.
  • LO6. Understand and apply the fundamentals of numerical analysis, including stability, accuracy and convergence for upwind discretisations of the one dimensional linear advection equations. Appreciate the application of the method to second order in space and time schemes to solve the Euler equations.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities
1. I will fill in the gaps in the lecture notes 2. Improve the ANSYS Fluent material 3. Include more example questions in the lectures.


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