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Unit of study_

BIOS1169: Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy B

Semester 2, 2020 [Normal day] - Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney

This unit of study examines the detailed gross, radiological and surface anatomy of the lower limb, trunk and neck. Included are the anatomical analyses of functional activities which involve the lower limb, back and neck. Material will be presented in lectures, practical and tutorial sessions and online. Students will also be expected to undertake some independent learning activities. This unit includes laboratory classes in which human cadavers are studied; attendance at such classes is compulsory.

Unit details and rules

Unit code BIOS1169
Academic unit
Credit points 6
Assumed knowledge


Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff

Coordinator Jan Douglas-Morris,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Record+) Type B final exam BIOS1169 Final Exam
Online recorded using ProctorU Review+
60% Formal exam period 2 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO9 LO10 LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8
Online task Gait Analysis Readiness Test (GART)
Online open book without invigilation
5% Week 05
Due date: 25 Sep 2020 at 23:00

Closing date: 25 Sep 2020
30 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Online task Mid-Semester Exam
Online open book without invigilation
35% Week 08
Due date: 23 Oct 2020 at 12:00

Closing date: 23 Oct 2020
50 minutes
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO10 LO9 LO8 LO7 LO6 LO5 LO4 LO3 LO2
Type B final exam = Type B final exam ?

Assessment summary

Detailed information about each assessment will be available on BIOS1169’s Canvas website. Specific announcements regarding each assessment will be sent to students.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100

Work of exceptional standard: Mastery of topics showing extensive integration and ability to transfer knowledge to novel contexts; treatment of tasks shows an advanced synthesis of ideas; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is very well presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an outstanding level.


75 - 84

Work of superior standard: Excellent achievement, consistent evidence of deep understanding and application of knowledge in medical science; treatment of tasks shows advanced understanding of topics; demonstration of initiative, complex understanding and analysis; work is well-presented; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a superior level.


65 - 74

Competent work demonstrating potential for higher study: Confident in explaining medical science processes, with evidence of solid understanding and achievement; occasional lapses indicative of unresolved issues; treatment of tasks shows a good understanding of topic; work is well-presented with a minimum of errors; all criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to a high level.


50 - 64

Work of acceptable standard: Satisfactory level of engagement with and understanding of topic; some inconsistencies in understanding and knowledge of medical science; work is adequately presented, with some errors or omissions, most criteria addressed and learning outcomes achieved to an adequate level.


0 - 49

Work not of acceptable standard: Unsatisfactory achievement and engagement with the medical science discipline; inadequate understanding or fundamental misunderstanding of topics; most criteria and learning outcomes not clearly or adequately addressed or achieved; lack of effort/involvement in the unit.

For more information see

For more information see guide to grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

This unit has an exception to the standard University policy or supplementary information has been provided by the unit coordinator. This information is displayed below:

If a student cannot complete any of the online assessments on their due date, they should contact the BIOS1169's Co-ordinator at the earliest opportunity. Also submit a Special Consideration if an exam is missed due to illness or misadventure.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website  provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.  

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

Simple extensions

If you encounter a problem submitting your work on time, you may be able to apply for an extension of five calendar days through a simple extension.  The application process will be different depending on the type of assessment and extensions cannot be granted for some assessment types like exams.

Special consideration

If exceptional circumstances mean you can’t complete an assessment, you need consideration for a longer period of time, or if you have essential commitments which impact your performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Special consideration applications will not be affected by a simple extension application.

Using AI responsibly

Co-created with students, AI in Education includes lots of helpful examples of how students use generative AI tools to support their learning. It explains how generative AI works, the different tools available and how to use them responsibly and productively.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 1. Introduction; 2. Pelvis & hip; 3. Knee 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Introduction to the bones & joints of the pelvis & proximal lower limb Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 02 1. Knee 2; 2.Proximal lower limb muscles Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO3 LO4 LO6
Proximal lower limb muscles Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 03 1. Proximal lower limb function; 2. Leg, ankle & foot. Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Bones & joints of the distal lower limb Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 04 1. Distal lower limb muscles; 2. Anatomy of Gait 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Distal lower limb muscles Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 05 1. Distal lower limb function; 2. Lower limb nerves; 3. Lower limb blood vessels Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6 LO7 LO8 LO10
Lower limb nerves & blood vessels Practical (2 hr) LO7 LO8 LO10
Week 06 1. Lower limb nerve lesions; 2. Anatomy of Gait 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO6 LO9
Lower limb nerve lesion/Anatomy of Gait tutorial OR Module 1 Intensive Practical Class Tutorial (2 hr) LO6 LO8 LO9
Week 07 1. Anatomy of Gait 3; 2. Anatomy of Gait 4 Lecture (2 hr) LO6
Module 1 Intensive Practical Class OR Lower limb nerve lesion/Anatomy of Gait tutorial Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4
Week 08 1. Skeleton of trunk and neck 1; 2. Skeleton of trunk and neck 2 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 09 1. Skeleton of the trunk & neck 3; 2. Trunk muscles 1 Lecture (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Skeleton of the trunk & neck Practical (2 hr) LO1 LO2 LO3 LO5 LO6
Week 10 1. Trunk muscles 2; 2. Neck muscles Lecture (2 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6 LO7 LO8
Trunk & neck muscles Practical (2 hr) LO4 LO5 LO6
Week 11 1. Core stability; 2. Neck stability & axial dermatomes Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO6 LO7 LO8
Module 2 Intensive Practical Class OR Trunk & neck muscles review Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO3 LO4
Week 12 1. Pelvis, trunk, neck & head motion & muscle activity; 2. Lumbopelvic Rhythm Lecture (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6
Trunk & neck muscles review OR Module 2 Intensive Practical Class Practical (2 hr) LO2 LO4 LO5 LO6

Attendance and class requirements

Attendance: There are no specific attendance or class requirements for this unit as a result of the cessation of the majority of BIOS1169’s face-to-face classes due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Practicals: Online mostly with 2 Intensive face-to-face practical sessions in a Wet Anatomy Lab in Weeks 6 or 7 & Weeks 11 or 12 (depending on the COVID-19 restrictions that are in place at the time of each lab). Student online participation in the activities for each “live” online learning session will be monitored.

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Required readings

All readings for this unit can be accessed through the Library eReserve, available on Canvas.

  • Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function. N. Palastanga and R. Soames. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. 7th edition/2019.
  • Anatomy. A Photographic Atlas. J.W. Rohen, C. Yokochi and E. Lütjen-Drecoll. Wolters Kluwer. 8th Edition/2016 OR Atlas of Anatomy. Gilmore, A.M., MacPherson, B.R. (eds). Thieme. 3rd Edition, 2014.

Additonal prescribed readings for specific sub-topics will be available on the unit’s Canvas website.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University's graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. Identify and classify bones of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and head and identify and deduce the functions of major bone markings in these regions.
  • LO2. Identify, classify and state/deduce the open and closed kinetic chain motions available at the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO3. Identify and deduce the functions of the ligaments of the joints of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck including the high cervical joints.
  • LO4. Identify, describe the attachments and deduce the actions and functions of the muscles of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO5. Relate surface and radiological anatomy to the gross anatomy of the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage, neck and posterior head.
  • LO6. Relate the gross musculoskeletal anatomy to functional activities involving the pelvis, lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO7. Identify the components of the nerve plexuses for the lower limb and the neck and their branches in the lower limb and neck.
  • LO8. State the motor and sensory distribution of the spinal and peripheral nerves to the lower limb, back, thoracic cage and neck.
  • LO9. Differentiate between peripheral and spinal nerve lesions of the lower limb.
  • LO10. Identify and state the supply and drainage of the major blood vessels of the lower limb.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities

This section outlines changes made to this unit following staff and student reviews.

Changes to the unit since it was last offered include the production of numerous supplementary online learning resources & the reformatting of the Canvas website for optimal navigation through BIOS1169's topics.

More information relating to this unit will be communicated via the unit’s Canvas website

Additional costs

PPE (as required by the Anatomy Laboratories Manager) for the Week 6/7 & Week 11/12 Intensive Practical classes.

Site visit guidelines

Up-to-date site visit guidelines will be distributed via BIOS1169's Canvas website in Week 5 (for the Week 6/7 Intensive Practical Class) & Week 10 (for the Week 11/12 Intensive Practical Class) (if COVID-19 restrictions permit the scheduling of these on-campus classes)

Work, health and safety

There are COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions additional to the usual specific WHS requirements for this unit in relation to the 2 proposed face-to-face practical classes in the Anatomy Laboratory spaces on the Camperdown campus of The University of Sydney.


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

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