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Unit of study_

CIVL4814: Project Procurement and Tendering

Semester 2, 2022 [Normal day] - Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney

This unit of study is a fourth year core unit of study for the Bachelor of Project Engineering and Management (Civil), elective for all other branches of engineering and other faculties. The general aim of this unit is to offer student the opportunity to develop an understanding of the procurement of built facilities and the methods of job allocation in project environments. Students will be engaged in a real construction case study project where key practical concepts which underpin procurement will be taught. At the end of this unit of study, students should be able to: evaluate a client's procurement situation and apply an appropriate procurement route; explain how and why a particular procurement route is chosen; undertake procurement assessment exercises; analyze a contractor's strategic responses in tendering (bidding) decision-making; discuss why a particular bidding strategy is chosen in different contexts; and evaluate a contractor's bidding performance using competitor analysis techniques. The syllabus comprises fundamentals of building procurement, assessment of procurement risks, competitive bidding, cost estimating, the competitive environment in the construction industry, contractors' competitive positioning, contractors' decision-making in bidding competition, bidding strategies and competitor analysis.

Unit details and rules

Unit code CIVL4814
Academic unit Civil Engineering
Credit points 6
Assumed knowledge


Available to study abroad and exchange students


Teaching staff

Coordinator Faham Tahmasebinia,
Lecturer(s) Michel Chaaya,
Shane Geha,
Type Description Weight Due Length
Final exam (Take-home short release) Type D final exam Final exam
60% Formal exam period 2.5 hours
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Assignment group assignment Assignment 1
Report and Presentation
15% Week 06 TBA
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
Assignment group assignment Assignment 2
Report and Presentation
25% Week 13 TBA
Outcomes assessed: LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 LO5 LO6
group assignment = group assignment ?
Type D final exam = Type D final exam ?

Assessment summary

Detailed information for each assessment can be found on Canvas.

Assessment criteria

The University awards common result grades, set out in the Coursework Policy 2014 (Schedule 1).

As a general guide, a high distinction indicates work of an exceptional standard, a distinction a very high standard, a credit a good standard, and a pass an acceptable standard.

Result name

Mark range


High distinction

85 - 100



75 - 84



65 - 74



50 - 64



0 - 49

When you don’t meet the learning outcomes of the unit to a satisfactory standard.

For more information see

For more information see guide to grades.

Late submission

In accordance with University policy, these penalties apply when written work is submitted after 11:59pm on the due date:

  • Deduction of 5% of the maximum mark for each calendar day after the due date.
  • After ten calendar days late, a mark of zero will be awarded.

Academic integrity

The Current Student website  provides information on academic integrity and the resources available to all students. The University expects students and staff to act ethically and honestly and will treat all allegations of academic integrity breaches seriously.  

We use similarity detection software to detect potential instances of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breach. If such matches indicate evidence of plagiarism or other forms of academic integrity breaches, your teacher is required to report your work for further investigation.

You may only use artificial intelligence and writing assistance tools in assessment tasks if you are permitted to by your unit coordinator, and if you do use them, you must also acknowledge this in your work, either in a footnote or an acknowledgement section.

Studiosity is permitted for postgraduate units unless otherwise indicated by the unit coordinator. The use of this service must be acknowledged in your submission.

Simple extensions

If you encounter a problem submitting your work on time, you may be able to apply for an extension of five calendar days through a simple extension.  The application process will be different depending on the type of assessment and extensions cannot be granted for some assessment types like exams.

Special consideration

If exceptional circumstances mean you can’t complete an assessment, you need consideration for a longer period of time, or if you have essential commitments which impact your performance in an assessment, you may be eligible for special consideration or special arrangements.

Special consideration applications will not be affected by a simple extension application.

Using AI responsibly

Co-created with students, AI in Education includes lots of helpful examples of how students use generative AI tools to support their learning. It explains how generative AI works, the different tools available and how to use them responsibly and productively.

WK Topic Learning activity Learning outcomes
Week 01 1. Course introduction; 2. Trends in project procurement: traditional vs. non-traditional; 3. Selection of contractor: competitive tendering process Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 02 Process, parties and contractual relationship Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 03 1. Finance-led procurement (PFI/PPP); 2. Case studies Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 04 1. Procurement assessment criteria (PAC); 2. Assessment of procurement risk between the procurement routes Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 05 1. Case studies; 2. Procurement extensions: international contracting Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 06 1.Tendering and estimating; 2. Types of tendering procedures; 3. Estimating from first principles Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 07 1. The competitive environment; 2. Contractors’ strategic responses/strategic bidding decision-making process: bid/no-bid and mark-up decisions Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 08 1. Pricing for risks; 2. Resources and need for work, number of bidders, market conditions Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 09 1. Contractors’ bidding strategies; 2. Case studies Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 10 1. Competitor analysis; 2. Measuring contractors’ competitiveness in bidding 3. Market share and success rate analysis Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 11 1. Getting value in tendering; 2. Codes of practice in Australia; 3. Multi-criteria contract awarding system Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  
Week 12 Competitive fee bidding (consultant fee) Lecture and tutorial (4 hr)  

Attendance and class requirements

attendance is compulsory in the lectures. 

Study commitment

Typically, there is a minimum expectation of 1.5-2 hours of student effort per week per credit point for units of study offered over a full semester. For a 6 credit point unit, this equates to roughly 120-150 hours of student effort in total.

Learning outcomes are what students know, understand and are able to do on completion of a unit of study. They are aligned with the University's graduate qualities and are assessed as part of the curriculum.

At the completion of this unit, you should be able to:

  • LO1. demonstrate the ability to evaluate a client’s procurement situation and apply an appropriate procurement route
  • LO2. explain how and why a particular procurement route is chosen
  • LO3. undertake procurement assessment exercises
  • LO4. analyze a contractor’s strategic responses in tendering (bidding) decision-making
  • LO5. demonstrate the ability to discuss why a particular bidding strategy is chosen in different context
  • LO6. demonstrate the ability to evaluate a contractor’s bidding performance using competitor analysis techniques.

Graduate qualities

The graduate qualities are the qualities and skills that all University of Sydney graduates must demonstrate on successful completion of an award course. As a future Sydney graduate, the set of qualities have been designed to equip you for the contemporary world.

GQ1 Depth of disciplinary expertise

Deep disciplinary expertise is the ability to integrate and rigorously apply knowledge, understanding and skills of a recognised discipline defined by scholarly activity, as well as familiarity with evolving practice of the discipline.

GQ2 Critical thinking and problem solving

Critical thinking and problem solving are the questioning of ideas, evidence and assumptions in order to propose and evaluate hypotheses or alternative arguments before formulating a conclusion or a solution to an identified problem.

GQ3 Oral and written communication

Effective communication, in both oral and written form, is the clear exchange of meaning in a manner that is appropriate to audience and context.

GQ4 Information and digital literacy

Information and digital literacy is the ability to locate, interpret, evaluate, manage, adapt, integrate, create and convey information using appropriate resources, tools and strategies.

GQ5 Inventiveness

Generating novel ideas and solutions.

GQ6 Cultural competence

Cultural Competence is the ability to actively, ethically, respectfully, and successfully engage across and between cultures. In the Australian context, this includes and celebrates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, knowledge systems, and a mature understanding of contemporary issues.

GQ7 Interdisciplinary effectiveness

Interdisciplinary effectiveness is the integration and synthesis of multiple viewpoints and practices, working effectively across disciplinary boundaries.

GQ8 Integrated professional, ethical, and personal identity

An integrated professional, ethical and personal identity is understanding the interaction between one’s personal and professional selves in an ethical context.

GQ9 Influence

Engaging others in a process, idea or vision.

Outcome map

Learning outcomes Graduate qualities

This section outlines changes made to this unit following staff and student reviews.

Case studies , assignments and course outline.


The University reserves the right to amend units of study or no longer offer certain units, including where there are low enrolment numbers.

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