LAST MODIFIED Friday 31 January 2020 10:47

King family of musicians

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "King family of musicians", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 3 April 2020

Genealogical summary / page directory

First generation: children of Thomas KING (c.1792-1870) and Ann FRYER (c. 1788-1863)

[1] Charlotte Ann KING (1812-1894) = Charlotte Ann TURNER (Mrs. Austin T. TURNER)

[2] Edward KING (1814-1894)

[3] Sarah Ann KING (1818-1900) = Sarah Ann SOUTH (Mrs. James Anthony SOUTH senior)

[4] Thomas KING (c.1820-1881)

[5] Henry John KING (senior) (c.1832-1888)


Children of [2]

Juliana KING (1844-1866)

Alfred Edward KING (1837-1902)

Ernest Charles KING (1845-1927)

George Oscar Julian KING (1869-1938)


Children and granddaughter of [3]

Eliza Anna SOUTH (Mrs. Frederick Augustus KING) (fl. 1855-1880)

James Anthony SOUTH (junior) (1844-1912)

Minnie (Sarah Ann) Cunningham KING (Mrs. Tom Aspinall THIODON) (fl. 1879-1930) = Madame THIODON


Children of [4]

Ada KING (1850-1923)

Thomas KING junior


Children of [5]

Henry John KING (junior) (1855-1934)

George Frederick KING (1862-1924)

Charles Horatio KING (1864-1950) alias Melnoth RAFALEWSKI

Edward Mendelssohn Bach KING (1871-1918)


See also:


See also a few items: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Family summary

The early Australian years 1854 to c. early 1860s

The three King brothers, Edward, Thomas, and Henry John, and their families, arrived in Melbourne on 23 April 1854, immigrants on the Indian Queen, a clipper ship that had sailed from Liverpool on 19 January.

In the Argus in June 1854, "MR. EDWARD KING, leader at the Salle de Valentino" advertised that he "provides Bands for Quadrille Parties. Harp, violin, piano, guitar, taught". Immediately beneath appeared an ad by "MR. THOMAS KING, late First Clarionet, Surry Theatre, London, Leader Montpellier Band, Cheltenham, and Second Somerset Militia Band, Bath, provides bands and teaches music." "MR. E. KING" gave his second grand concert at the Marco Polo Hotel, Melbourne, in July 1854, and "Mons. E. King", professor of music and piano tuner, advertised his removal to Emerald Hill in January 1855.

A fourth King sibling, the eldest, Charlotte Ann, together with her husband, Austin Turner, arrived in Melbourne in January 1856, after the ship they came on, the Schomberg, was wrecked off Cape Ottway on 1 January. They eventually settled in Ballarat.

By October 1856, Edward was leading the band under George Loder for Anna Bishops Melbourne concerts. He led the band of the Melbourne Philharmonic in 1857 and 1860, and played second violin to Miska Hauser in a Beethoven quartet at the latter's Melbourne concert in February 1857.

Thomas had meanwhile relocated to Ballarat, where he was active in musical circles from 1857 onwards. In April 1858, he and several colleagues accepted a challenge from a rival Ballarat Band:

MR. T. KING, leader of the Montezuma Band, and five others are prepared to accept the challenge of the Star Band, if there is no shenanigan. Three Events. String band, wind band, man to man, as soloists. The best of two events to received the stakes of [pounds] 100. T. KING, Specimen Hill, Ballarat, 21st April, 1858.

Back in July 1854, the Argus reported that Mr. King, the clarionettist, and his daughter Juliana King appeared with Fleury's band at the Salle de Valentino in July 1854. Juliana was actually the daughter of Edward King, though the confusion was repeated in several later reports; according to the paper:

a young lady nine years of age, who, I was told, appeared for the first time in Melbourne . . . was quite a favourite at Bristol, and ought to be heard to better advantage than in a large canvas-covered building like the Salle de Valentino.

During 1855, she was billed as "the Infant Sappho" (to Louisa Swannell's "Australian Nightingale"). By the 1860s, she was singing regularly in oratorio, both in Melbourne and Ballarat. She and her mother, Eugenie, died in the wreck of the London, returning to Australia from England, in 1866.

Henry John senior returned to England briefly, as reported in July 1857, when one "J. HALL" begged:

leave to inform the friends of Mr. Henry J. King, Organist, Pianist, and Singer, that he is expected to arrive at Melbourne in a few days by the ship Commodore Perry, with a choice selection of new Music.

In November 1857, Henry John senior appeared as pianist for Maria Chalker and violinist George Peck, while "Mr. King (of the Bath Concerts)", i.e. Edward, led the orchestra conducted by John Russell for the Melbourne Philharmonic.

In January 1859, H. J. King advertised as "Professor of the Organ, Pianoforte, and Singing, teacher at the Church of England Grammar School" from his home in Nelson-place, Emerald Hill. E. King, violin and H. J. King, piano, appeared together in a concert with clarinettist Gustav Faure at the Wesleyan Bazaar, Emerald Hill, in December 1863.

The King brothers' niece, Eliza Anna South, who had meanwhile married a cousin, Frederick Augustus King, in England, had arrived in Ballarat by 1861, appearing as a vocalist there and in Melbourne as Mrs. F. A. King. She later wrote and published as Eliza Anna King, and in the 1880s, as Madame Anna King, was musical director of the South's Opera Company, directed by her son.

Documentation (family, to end 1860)

Bristol (England, to January 1854)

[2 advertisements], Bristol Mercury [England] (8 January 1848), 5

A CARD. - Mr. E. KING, 1, CUMBERLAND PLACE, HOTWELLS, CLIFTON, respectfully informs his Friends that he continues to give LESSONS on the HARP, GUITAR, and VIOLIN, and hopes, by strict attention to his Pupils, to merit a continuance of their favours. Quadrille Parties provided with good and efficient Music, on moderate terms.

MADAME KING (late Mdlle Thiodon), Native de France, begs leave to acquaint her Friends that she intends resuming teaching the FRENCH LANGUAGE on the 17th inst., at her Residence. 1, CUMBERLAND-PLACE, CLIFTON, in Classes, every MONDAY and THURSDAY Evenings. Ladies' Class from Four to Six o'clock. Young Gentlemen’s Class from Seven to Nine. Terms - One Guinea per Quarter. Families desirous of forming a Class at their own homes, are informed that Madame King will attend them on the same terms.

"MARRIED", Bristol Mercury [England] (28 July 1849), 8

July 19, at St. John's, Gloucester, by the Rev. J. T. Bayley, Mr. Richard Hall, of Lincoln, to Rozetta, youngest daughter of Mr. Thos. King, of Old Market-street, Bristol.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury [England] (2 February 1850), 8

THE LAST GRAND JUBILEE ENTERTAINMENT, MONDAY Next, Feb. 4, AT THE BROADMEAD-ROOMS. A splendid BAND! led by Mr. E. KING. VOCALISTS: Mrs. K. PYNE, Mrs. WILLIAMS, Miss RUSSEL, Mr. K. PYNE. Mr. T. HUDSON will RECITE (by desire) a humourous SATIRE on LAW SUITS! Tickets, 6d., 2d., and 1s; To accommodate all Classes, 200 Tickets, Price 3d., to be had at the Doors. To begin at a Quarter before Eight.

"THORNBURY", Bristol Mercury [England] (23 November 1850), 8

A Concert of chamber music was given here on Wednesday evening last, by Mr. P. J. Smith, of Bristol, assisted by Mr. E. King, violin, acid Mr. A. W. Waite, violoncello, with Mrs. P. J. Smith as vocalist. The performance was of first-rate character throughout, rendering it really difficult to point out any one piece in particular; but taking a cursory glance of the programme we may notice that the trio playing of Messrs. Smith, King, and Waite was distinguished by the utmost brilliancy and delicacy - the various lights and shades of piano and forte being beautifully rendered. The violin solo by De Beriot, and a more difficult one by Arnot, delivered with great energy and correctness by Mr. King, gave much pleasure. Mr. King also took part with Mr. Smith in the celebrated duet, violin and piano "Sur des motifs de l'opera," from Guillaume Tell, which was capitally rendered by both parties. Mr. Waite played a solo by Lee, and another by Kiemmer, in a most masterly style, and a duet for piano and violoncello, by Mendelssohn, given by him and Mr. Smith, gave the greatest delight and elicited an unanimous encore. Mrs. P. J. Smith sang, in her usual correct and good taste, several very beautiful ballads, and charmed the audience by her brilliant execution of Donizetti's "O luce de quest amina," which was most enthusiastically received. At the conclusion of the concert "God save the Queen" was demanded, the whole of the performers and audience uniting with heart and voice. Altogether, such a pleasant evening has seldom been afforded here - and parties represented themselves highly pleased and gratified, many expressing their wishes that a similar performance would soon be given. The room was completely filled in every part, including the élite of the town and neighbourhood, and was also graced by a numerous company of elegantly-dressed ladies; indeed, such a fashionable assemblage has been seldom seen here.

"CONCERT", Bristol Mercury [England] (8 February 1851), 8

Mrs. Williams, the principal singer at one of our parochial churches, and who has been favourably known in connexion with some of our local musical entertainments, announces a benefit concert for Monday evening, the l7th, at the Royal Gloucester hotel. Mrs. Williams, whose programme is an attractive one, will be assisted by Mrs. Wail, Mr. E. King, Mr. T. King, Mr. Coram, Mr. Caird, and other artistes, and as she is patronised by our respected Chief-Magistrate and the Mayoress, we hope to see a good attendance.

1851 [March], English census, Bristol, St. Philip and St. Jacob (St. Paul); London, PRO H0107/1949

20 / No. 20 Old Market St. / Thomas King / Head / 59 / Clerk to Land Surveyor / [born] Gloucester
Ann King / Wife / 63 / - / Bristol St. Philips
Thomas [King] / Son / 34 / Musician / Clifton
Henry [King] / [Son] / 19 / Organist / [Clifton]
Sarah Morgan / Lodger / Widow / ? 78 (18) / Assistant

1851 [March], English census, Clifton, Gloucestershire; London, PRO H0107/1949

111 / 1 Cumberland Place / Edward King / Head / 37 / Professor of Music / [born] Bristol
Eugenie [King] / Wife / 37 / Teacher of the French Language / France, Paris, not a British subject
Juliana [King] / Dau. / 7 / Scholar / Bristol, Clifton
Henry C. A. [King] / 5 / Scholar / [Bristol, Clifton]
Harriet Merrick / 17 / Servant / Cleeve, Somerset
Mary Patrick / 74 / Dublin, Ireland

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury [England] (9 August 1851), 8

BRISTOL CONSERVATOIRE OF MUSIC, 22, PORTLAND-SQUARE. The undersigned Director and Masters of the above Institution have - for the better encouragement and facility, to enable the Public in general to subscribe to the Classes of Bristol Youths, who form a complete Orchestra, solo singers, and choruses - resolved to take Subscriptions by Weekly Instalments, payable every Monday. Classes meet twice a week, every Monday and Thursday evening, at Seven, Eight, and Nine o'clock at the Conservatoire. TO LEARN AND INSTRUMENT AND SINGING: £4 4s - For the First Year; £3 3s - Second Year; £3 3s - Third Year; TO LEARN SINGING ONLY: £3 3s - For the First Year; £2 2s - Second Year; £2 2s - Third Year; And all those who remain three years under instruction will be taught gratis the Fourth and Fifth Years. The next Concert of the Conservatoire will take place on TUESDAY, September 16th, at the VICTORIA-ROOMS, in which the Bristol Youths will perform in the Orchestra. Tickets 3s., 2s., and 1s. For further particulars inquire at the Conservatoire. BERTRAM V. D. MARK, Dr. B.C.M; E. KING, Master of the Violin, &c.; R. B. CORAM, Master of the Flute; J. GERMERSHAUSEN, Master of the Brass Instruments.

[Advertisements], Bristol Mercury [England] (25 December 1852), 4

THE MESSIAH. THE BRISTOL SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY'S Annual Performance of Handel's Oratorio THE MESSIAH, To be preceded by Sir H. Bishop's Elegy, "Mourn for the Mighty Dead," At the VICTORIA-ROOMS, CLIFTON, Under the Patronage of The Right Worshipful the Mayor . . . PRINCIPAL VOCALISTS: MRS. SUNDERLAND (From the Ancient Philharmonic, Exeter-Hall, Liverpool and Manchester Concerts); MRS. WALL; MISS DOLBY; MR. J. K. PYNE; MR. WHITEHOUSE (From the Chapel-Royal, Windsor). Leader - Mr. E. KING; Conductor - Mr. G. TURNER; Trumpet Solo Obligato - Mr. WILLIAMS . . .

CONCERTS FOR THE PEOPLE. The inhabitants of Bristol and its vicinity are most respectfully informed that the SIXTH CONCERT will take place at the PUBLIC-ROOMS, BROADMEAD, on TUESDAY Next Dec. 28, on which occasion Mr. RAYNAULT, the Celebrated Comic Singer (From the Royal Cremorne, London) had been engaged. The Band, which has been considerably augmented, will be composed of the most available Talent of Bristol and Bath, including Messrs. T. KING, J. JENKINS, G. DAWRE, J. HUGHES, W. CHAPMAN, S. WATTS, C. W. STARCK, W. KING, A. KING, T. WILLIAMS, & others; VOCALISTS: Mrs. WILLIAMS, Miss E. JAKEWAY, Mr. THOS. KING, LE PETIT TAMBOUR - Mr. JENKINS. LEADER - Mr. E. KING . . . Tickets may be obtained of Mr. E. KING, Cumberland-place, Hotwells; Mr. T. KING, 20, Old Market-street.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury [England] (24 December 1853), 4

BROADMEAD ROOMS. Under the patronage of the Right Worshipful the Mayor, J. G. SHAW, Esq., and Sir J. K. HABERFIELD, Kt. Messrs. E. and T. KING beg to announce to the inhabitants of Bristol and its vicinities, that in consequence of the Indian Queen not sailing until the 6th January, they, by the advice of numerous Friends have made arrangements for TWO FINAL CONCERTS On TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY. December 27th and 28th, VOCALISTS - Miss CLARA HENDERSON, from the Exeter-hall and Nobilities' Concerts, London; Miss ALLEN, from the Harmonic and Nobilities' Concerts, Bath; and Mr. JABEZ JONES, from the Philharmonic and Nobilities' Concerts, Birmingham and Worcester; being their first appearance in Bristol. PRINCIPAL INSTRUMENTALISTS. - Mr. E. KING, Leader, violin; Mr. W. WILLIAMS, the celebrated performer on the cornet-a-piston; Mr. THOS. KING, clarionet; Mr. CORAM, flute; Mr. HOPKINS, contra-bass, from the Philharmonic Society and Nobilities' Concerts, Worcester; Mr. W. JENKINS, side drum. The Band will consist of Performers of well-known talent. Admission, Front-seats, 2s.; Galleries, 1s.; back ditto, 6d. Doors open at a Quarter-past Six, to commence at Seven o'clock.

Melbourne (Australia, from 23 April 1854)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (24 April 1854), 4 

ARRIVED . . . 23 [April] - Indian Queen, ship, 2000 tons, C. Mills, left Liverpool 19th January. Passengers - cabin: Prince, Mintos, McWhinney, Spiser, Mr. J. [?]in and family, Messrs. Anderson, Ainslie, Smith, Dansfield, Holmes, Hawsley, Marks and [three] hundred and twenty-seven in the steerage. Willis, and Co., Agents.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 May 1854), 8 

THOMAS KING, late First Clarionet Philharmonic Society, Deputy Leader Bristol Theatre, &c., provides Bands and teaches the Harp, Piano, Violin, Clarionet, Cornet and Singing. Address Waters, Butcher, Smith-street, Collingwood.

[2 advertisements], The Argus (3 June 1854), 8

MR. EDWARD KING, leader at the Salle de Valentino, is open to engagements, and provides Bands for Quadrille Parties. Harp, violin, piano, guitar taught. Address, 12 Fowkes'-buildings, Emerald Hill. 141 Jn 6

MR. THOMAS KING, late First Clarionet, Surrey Theatre, London, Leader Montpelier Band, Cheltenham, and Second Somerset Militia Band, Bath, provides bands and teaches music. Address Waters, Butcher, Smith-street, Collingwood.

"THE SALLE DE VALENTINO", The Argus (4 July 1854), 5

. . . On Saturday night I went to the Salle de Valentino, to hear Mons. Fleury, who then took his farewell benefit . . . A solo on the clarionet by Mr. King was favorably received as it deserved to be, and this brings me to his daughter [sic, recte niece], Miss Juliana King, a young lady nine years of age, who, I was told, appeared for the first time in Melbourne. Miss King sang, "I'll be no submissive wife," a popular Scotch air, "When a body," &c., and a French song, and very well indeed she sang. The selection afforded an opportunity of throwing in a little archness of manner, which she did pleasantly without being too precocious. Her voice wants clearness, I thought, but promises well. Miss King was quite a favorite at Bristol, and ought to be heard to better advantage than in a large canvass-covered building like the Salle de Valentino. I pitied her, indeed, though she was well received and encored in all her songs. She seemed to me, on that cold, wet night, dressed in lightest muslin, but surrounded with the roughest costumes of the season, like some pretty butterfly that had come out of its chrysalis at the wrong season, and when people cried "encore" and waved their hats, I was half afraid they were going to catch her . . . CANDID.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 July 1854), 8 article4795724

MR. E. KING'S Second Grand Concert at the Marco Polo Hotel, To-morrow Evening, 8 o'olock precisely.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 October 1854), 8

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, Melbourne, 1854. A Vocal and Instrumental Concert will take place this evening, Monday, Oct. 23rd, 1854, in the Exhibition Building, William-street. Principal Performers. Mrs. Testar, Miss Edwards, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. Hackett. Instrumentalists: Herr Strebingcr, T. King, Mr. Coote, Mr. Reed, &c. &c. Conductor - Mr. H. Smith. Programme . . . Part II . . . Solo, Clarionet, Mr. J. King [sic] . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1854), 8

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, Melbourne, 1854. Friday Evening, November 10th. The Philharmonic Society will perform a selection from Handel's Grand Oratorio of Judas Maccabaeus. Principal Vocalists: Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Edwards, Mr. Hackett, Mr. Ewart. Instrumentalists: Violins - Messrs. Griffiths, King, Fleury, Strebinger, W. Radford, M. Radford, Ryder, Pietzker, Fischer, Newton, Lewis, and Hurst; Violas - Messrs. Thomas, King, Izard; Violoncellos - Messrs. Reed, Hailes, and Kent; Basso - Messrs. Hardman, Gover, and Harndorf; Flute - Mr. Cooze; Clarionets - Messrs. Johnson and King; Bassoon - Messrs. Biggs and McCay; Trumpet - Mr. Lewellyn; Trombones - Messrs. Phair, Macnamara, and Trystram; Ophecleide - Mr. Hartigan; Horns - Messrs. Kohler and Naughton; Leader - Mr. Joseph Griffiths; Conductor - Mr. Jno. Russell . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1854), 8

MISS JULIANA KING, the infant vocalist, will sing on Monday next, at the Royal George, Prahran.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1855), 3

NOTICE - Mons. E. King, Professor of Music, Pianoforte Tuner, removed to Dorcas-street east, Emerald Hill.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1855), 8

THEATRE ROYAL, Bourke-street. Promenade Concerts Every Night. First Appearance of Mademoiselle Juliana King, the Infant Sappho. Unrivalled Band of Solo Performers. Conductor, Mr. Callen. Programme. Part I . . . Song. - I'll be no submissive wife - Madlle. King . . . Part II . . . French Song. - Ame de Quinze Ans - Mdlle. King . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1855), 8

MUSIC HALL. Union Hotel. Re-decorated, and brilliantly lighted with gas, will be reopened under entire new arrangements, on Saturday evening the 16th instant, with a series of Vocal and Instrumental concerts, for which the following artistes are engaged: MISS URIE, The celebrated Soprano; MISS MINIE CLIFFORD [sic], The Juvenile Pianiste; MR. G. CLIFFORD, From the Exeter Hall Concerts, Tenor; MR. T. KING, Bass and Instrumentalist. Concert to commence at Eight o'clock. Programme: [Part I] . . . Duet - Flow gently, Deva, - Mr. Clifford and Mr. King - Parry . . . Solo-violin - Mr. King - De Beriot; Song - My Highland Home, - Mr. Clifford - Bishop . . . Part Second . . . Fantasia Brilliante-piano and violin - from Guillaume Tell, - Miss Clifford and Mr. King - DeBerriot and Osbourne [sic] . . . Duet - I've wandered in Dreams - Miss Urie and Mr. Clifford . . . Solo - piano - Telexy's Mazourk - Miss Clifford . . . Song - Death of Nelson, - Mr. Clifford - Braham; . . . Sole - clarionet - Adieu a Berne, - Mr. King - Bressant . . .

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (16 July 1855), 5

. . . Miss Juliana King, the infant vocalist, was vociferously encored in "I'm a merry Zíngara." The artistical finish which this talented child gives to her vocalisation could hardly be expected from one so young. Under careful training, and judicious attention generally, it is not difficult to see a brilliant future in store for her . . .

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 May 1856), 8

[ ? ] JOHN KING, of Chaple Allerton, Somersetshire, who was at Bendigo, 1853, may hear of his sister Charlotte at Mr. Martin's, Saffron-street, Chilwell, Geelong.

CITY HOTEL. Bourke-street. Under the Patronage of the Right Worshipful the Mayor. A GRAND CONCERT Will be held on Wednesday Evening, at Eight o'clock, at the City Hotel, on behalf of the necessitous Sufferers by the late melancholy occurrence at that establishment . . . PROGRAMME. Part 1st. . . . Descriptive Scena - The Ship on Fire - Mr. H. J. King - Russell; Solo - Violin - Mr. E. King - De Beriot . . . Part 2nd . . . Fantasia - Piano - Die Fahnenwact - Mr. E. J. King [sic] - Hery [?] . . .[ ? Fahnenwatch]

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1856), 8

EXHIBITION BUILDING. MADAME ANNA BISHOP'S GRAND CONCERT. Monday Evening, October 27, 1856 PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Duet for Violin and Pianoforte, from the Opera of "Guillaume Tell," - Mr. Edward King and Mr. George Loder - L'Osborne . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1857), 8

MR. EDWARD KING, Profesfor of Music, begs leave to acquaint his pupils and the public in general, that he has lotnnicd to Melbourne, and will be happy to resume his professional engagements. Address Theatre Royal, Melbourne.

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 February 1857), 5

Last evening Miska Hauser gave his concert of classical music before a select and numerous audience, in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute. Independent of the fame of the maestro himself, great interest attached to the concert from the production, for the first time in this colony, of a species of music of the highest class. The performance of Beethoven's, No. 4 Quartette, in C minor, must be considered as an event, and we trust that the experiment, which was last night in every point perfectly successful, will be repeated while the public taste is still alive to it. Miska Hauser, Mr. E. King, second violin, Mr. H. Thomas, tenor, and Mr. S. Chapman, violoncello, were the instrumentalists, and it was satisfactory to find that we were in possession of sufficient musical talent to enable M. Hauser to attempt so difficult and critical a work. The various movements, four in number, were executed with commendable precision, the andante, in particular, was delightfully rendered, and elicited the loudest tokens of satisfaction from the audience . . .


. . . The organ was presided over by Mr. Ashton and the band was led by Mr. E. King with great tare and accuracy. Mr. Russell may justly congratulate himself upon the quality of the orchestra under his command. We notice each time a marked improvement in every essential to success.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 July 1857), 7

J. HALL begs leave to inform the friends of Mr. Henry J. King, Organist, Pianist, and Singer, that he is expected to arrive at Melbourne in a few days by the ship Commodore Perry, with a choice selection of new Music, &c. Rosetta Cottage, Bank-street west, Emerald Hill, 137 jul 23

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat] (28 September 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (22 April 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (29 September 1858), 3

"MONTEZUMA PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Star (6 October 1858), 2

It is a matter of regret that so much exertion to provide really good music for the Ballarat public should meet with so small a success. Last evening it was impossible for any one in any degree competent to judge, to withhold the meed of high approbation which the performances deserved. The orchestra play with rare excellence of instrumentation, and M. Fleury's leadership, Messrs. King and Palin's solos on the clarionet and piccolo, and M. Labalestrier's solos on the cornet, were greeted with loud and deserved applause. Madame Vitelli has vastly improved since her last visit to Ballarat, and her rendering of the charming ballads committed to her care repeatedly called for the applause so well merited. Miss Earle sang with great taste and expression. We trust these concerts, as they become better known, will receive the support they so well deserve.

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Argus (4 November 1858), 5

. . . Miss Juliana King then sang the "Robert toi que j'aime" very pleasingly. She also was encored, and replied to the compliment by the song of "I'll be no submissive Wife" . . .

[2 advertisements], The Argus (21 January 1859), 8

Mr. KING, TEACHER of the VIOLIN, Harp, and Guitar. Address 4 Stewart's-terrace, Princess-street, Collingwood.

MR. H. J. KING, Professor of the Organ, Pianoforte, and Singing, teacher at the Church of England Grammar School, respectfully informs his pupils and friends that he will RE-COMMENCE his INSTRUCTIONS on January 24. Nelson-place, Emerald Hill.


The Theatre Royal was filled last evening by an audience of that peculiar character that a Philharmonic Society's performance on a charitable benefit always calls together, and we believe that it comprised most of our principal citizens. Haydn's Imperial Mass was the first part of the programme . . . We cannot go through every item of the programme, though we would desire to do so, and must conclude, by alluding to Mrs. Turner's "Gratius Agimus" (with clarionet obligato by Mr. T. King), Mr. Sherwin's "Let me like a Soldier fall," and Herr Siede's exquisite flute solo, as efforts that were well worthy of the hearty applause that succeeded them, and of first-class merit.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (5 March 1859), 5 

A concert was held at Emerald Hill, on Thursday evening, in aid of the sufferers by the late fire in that locality. It was attended by upwards of 500 persons. The performers, whose services were gratuitously given, were Miss Juliana King, Mrs. Briscoe, Miss Blann, Mr. Edwd. Kins, Mr. H. J. King, Mr. Ernest King, Mr. Chapman, Mr. C. A. Compton, Mr. Williams, and Mr. J. Houston.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1859), 8

THEATRE ROYAL, Melbourne. GRAND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT. Mr. C. H. COMPTON Has the honor to announce to the Inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that his GRAND CONCERT Will take place under the above distinguished patronage at the Theatre Royal, On TUESDAY, APRIL 19, For which, in addition to the attraction afforded by the present COMPANY of the THEATRE, He has secured the services of the following high and talented artists Miss O. HAMILTON, Miss JULIA KING, Mons BOULANGER, Mr. LESLIE, Mr. LISSIGNOL, And for this occasion only the efficiency of the Orchestra will he considerably augmented by the services of Mr. JOHNSON, And the principal Performers of his Band. Leader, Mr. E. KING Conductors: Mr. PRINGLE and Mr CHAS. H. COMPTON For Particulars see small Bills.

[News], The Argus (7 March 1860), 5

If the attendance at the Philharmonic Society's first subscription concert for the year may be taken as an earnest of the future, it would seem that a season of a very encouraging nature is in reserve for the musical world. The Exhibition Building last night was crowded by a larger audience than any since the time of the Handel Festival . . . The extraordinary mélange of airs called the overture to "Zampa" was capitally performed by the band, well led by Mr. E. King . . .

[News], The Argus (26 December 1860), 4

The annual Christmas performance of Handel's "Messiah" by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society took place in the Exhibition Building on Monday evening last . . . Miss Juliana King, a very young lady, rather took the audience by surprise: her perfect rendering of the air "If God be for us," her clear, powerful voice ringing through every part of the large building . . . The exertions of the hon. organist, Mr. L. L. Lewis, and Mr. King, the leader, contributed not a little to the success of the evening . . .


KING, Thomas

Born 1792
Married Ann FRYER, Long Ashton, Somerset, England, 22 September 1811
Died Ballarat, VIC, 24 January 1870

FRYER, Ann (Mrs. Thomas KING)

Born Bristol, England, c. 1788
Died East Collingwood, VIC, 13 March 1863


Somerset, Long Ashton, marriage register 1783-1812, page 55, The Year 1810 [sic]

No 220 / Thomas King of this Parish Batchelor / & Ann Fryer Spinster of the same / Married in this Church by Banns this [22nd] day of September [1811] . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 March 1863), 4 

KING.- On the 13th inst., at Oxford-street, Collingwood, the beloved wife of Mr. Thomas King, aged seventy-five years. Bristol papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Ballarat Star (29 January 1870), 2 

KING - On 24th January, at his residence, Grant street, Thomas King, sen., of old age, aged 78, late of Bristol, England; much regretted by his family and friends.


KING, Charlotte Ann

Contralto vocalist

Born c.1813 (eldest surviving child of the above)
Married Austin Theodore TURNER, Bristol, England, 10 July 1845
Died Waverley, NSW, 1 February 1894, age 81

See main entry Mrs. Austin T. TURNER (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATHS", Evening News (2 February 1894), 4 

TURNER. - February 1, 1894, at Clifton, St. James-road, Waverley, Charlotte Ann, wife of Austin T. Turner, late of Clifton, England, aged 81.

W. B. W., "MRS. AUSTIN T. TURNER", The Ballarat Star (13 February 1894), 3 

The death of Mrs Austin T. Turner reminds one of her brother, the late Thomas King, who was one of the late Ballarat Star firm of H. R. Nicholls and Co. All the Kings and Turners were more or less closely connected with musical art, and were closely identified with music in Ballarat from the fifties to the eighties. Mrs. Turner was a pleasant contralto, and used to sing in sacred concerts with success. Many a time has her voice been heard in oratorio, and her more gifted husband is well known all over the colonies as a composer, whilst in Ballarat his memory will long be green in musical circles, both as composer, teacher, and performer. He was musical instructor in the State schools here for some years, and acted as organist in some of our churches, besides being for a long time the recognised first conductor in the best of our local music celebrations. Thomas King, jocularly known as Herr Koenig amongst his familiars, was also long a musical teacher here, and a player on the violin and clarionet at the theatres. Then there were divers nieces and nephews of the Kings and the Turners who were allied to art, mostly as musicians, and Mrs. South (born King) contributed to dramatic art the once locally well-known Willie South, who married one of the Wisemans - another musico-dramatic family, whose members were very popular here in the days that are no more. Mrs. King had reached the ripe age of 84 years [sic] when she died in Sydney, to which city she and her husband removed a few years ago, when he retired from the practice of his profession. The Kings and Turners were from Bristol, and that city or Bath has also given to us John Lake, the basso - the Ballarat Gregg, who is still to the fore upon occasions in mass or oratorio, or in a good catching secular song. May he live long and prosper.


KING, Edward

Professor of Music, violinist, orchestral leader

Born Bristol, England, March 1814 (second surviving child of Thomas and Ann KING)
Married (1) Eugénie THIODON, Bristol, England, 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (? 1853 per Indian Queen, from Liverpool)
Married (2) Maria Clayfield SIRCOM, St. Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne, 15 June 1868
Died Kyabram, VIC, 26/27 October 1894, in his 81st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Born ? (daughter of John Francis THIODON and Mary Rose PETIT, and sister of Josephine Aspinall THIODON)
Died at sea (drowned), Bay of Biscay, 11 January 1866 (returning to Australia, per London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KING, Alfred Edward

Teacher of music (Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind)

Born England; baptised Clifton, Bristol, 3 December 1837
Died Prahran, VIC, 2 June 1902, aged 64 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KING, Juliana (Rosabella Juliana KING)

Born England, 1844; baptised, Clifton, Bristol, 22 September 1844 (daughter of Edward and Eugénie KING)
Died at sea (drowned), Bay of Biscay, 11 January 1866 (returning to Australia, per London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KING, Ernest (Ernest Carolus KING; Henry Charles Augustus Ernest KING)

Professor of music, violinist, pianist, organist, composer

Born Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, 15 August 1845; baptised Church of the Holy Apostles (RC), Bristol, 20 October 1849
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 31 August 1927, aged 82 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KING, George Oscar Julian (George Oscar KING; George Oscar Julian KING)

Professor of music, musician, music teacher, "certificated pupil of Mr. George Peake"

Born VIC, 1869 (son of Edward KING and Maria CLAYFIELD-SIRCOM)
Died Mitcham, VIC, 28 November 1938 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Star (1 February 1861), 3

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, FRIDAY EVENING, 1st FEBRUARY. SIGNOR ANO SIGNORA BLANCHI BEG to announce a Final Grand Operatic Concert (prior to their departure for Europe), in the splendid hall of the above named institution. In order to give every effect to the music selected, the following artistes have been engaged to appear in conjunction with Signora Bianchi and Signor Bianchi: - Miss Julia Harland, Mr. John Gregg, Signor Grossi, and Master Ernest King. Conductor, Linly Norman. PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . 6. Solo - (Violin), Master Ernest King (De Beriot) . . .

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2 

A musical festival was held in St. Patrick's Chruch, Sturt street, on Monday evening, in aid of the church building fund . . . Mr. Frank Howson was in good voice, and he sang the passages allotted to him with that success which we look so confidently for from him. The severely testing duett, "Quis est Homo," was admirably rendered by the Misses Howson, as was everything they sang. Mrs Frederick King had the aria from the "Messiah," "But thou didst not leave," and Miss Juliana King the aria "Inflammatus," which she sang with remarkable success. This lady promises to be a great acquisition to the not too large list of soprano singers now available here. Her voice is strong and clear, and has evidently been well cultivated, while the sustained purity of her notes last night as high as C in alt, proclaim her to be only inferior in combined compass, strength and power of sustentation to Miss Emma Howson. We do not compare her singing in other respects with Miss Howson's, which we consider to be unequalled in this colony for ease, flow, and the faultless purity and full bell-like sweetness which gives so peculiar a charm to that young lady's execution . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1864), 8

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (22 January 1864), 5 

. . . The opening solo, - "Then she arose with her daughters in-law that she might return to the country of Moab, for the Lord had visited his people in giving them bread," - was entrusted to a soprano new to a Melbourne audience, Mrs. Frederick King, and she acquitted herself satisfactorily; the style was classic, almost old fashioned . . . "Go, return each, to her mother's house," was the first air rendered by Miss Juliana King, who has greatly improved in her delivery since her last appearance in public; the melody, a very winning one, was gracefully delivered . . . One of the real gems in the composition was the trio, "And Orpah left Naomi," beautifully sung by Miss Juliana King, Mrs. F. King, and Miss Bailey. The air, "Let me find favour in the sight," sung by Miss Juliana King, in the second part, was also highly applauded, and encored . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1864), 6 

MR. ERNEST KING, TEACHER of the VIOLIN and PIANOFORTE, 8 George-Street, Fitzroy.

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 March 1866), 5

KING. - On the 11th January, lost at sea, in steamship London, Eugenie Louise and Juliana Rosabella, the beloved wife and daughter of Edward King, Esq., Professor of music, of this city. Sydney papers please copy.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1882), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1883), 16

[News], The Argus (29 October 1894), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 October 1894), 1

KING. - On the 26th inst., at Kyabram, Mr. Edward King, professor of music, late of this city, in his 81st year.

"DEATH OF A WELL KNOWN MUSICIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (31 October 1894), 2

The death of Mr. Edward King is announced. The deceased gentleman was of an illustrious family, having on his father's side come from John of Gaunt, son of Edward III by his wife Philippe of Hainault, and on his mother's side from the Earl of Tyron, the O'Neills-Kings of Ireland and peers of England. The Age says: - The announcement of the death of Mr. Edward King, a veteran violinist, who for nearly 30 years led the orchestra of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, will occasion widespread regret. Some months ago Mr. King, who belonged to a family of musicians well known in many parts of the colony, removed from Melbourne to Kyabram, and it was there that his demise took place. Mr. King was born in Bristol, in England, in the year 1814, just before the battle of Waterloo, and consequently had reached the ripe age of 80 years. In early childhood he developed great talent for music, and even at 14 years of age was a proficient player, not only of stringed instruments, but also of the clarionet, oboe and flute, all of which he learned without the aid of a master. He subsequently had the advantage of playing under the old English leaders, Loder, Balfe, Cramer and others. He arrived in Victoria in 1854 in the Black Ball liner, the Indian Queen, commanded by Captain Mills, and was immediately engaged to take part in the concerts which were taking place at that time, and which were of a very high class character. He shortly became leader of the Philharmonic Society, and only during the last few years retired from the position. Mr. King was undoubtedly the father of the profession in this colony. He was twice married, his first wife and only daughter being among those who were lost by the sinking of the London in the Bay of Biscay some 29 years ago, as they were returning to Melbourne after a visit to England. During the rehearsal of the Melbourne Liedertafel on Monday night, Mr. H. J. King, the conductor, announced the death of his uncle, Mr. Edward King, who was the oldest musician in this colony, and for over 40 years had quietly and honestly served his art. The choir then sang its "death song," each member of the choir rising as a tribute of respect to a familiar and honored name.

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (3 November 1894), 31

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Advertiser (10 November 1894), 6


"CLASSICAL CONCERT IN KYABRAM", Bendigo Advertiser (21 October 1896), 2 

On Tuesday, 13th inst., Mr. C. Horatio King paid a visit to Kyabram, where a grand concert was given by Mr. G. Oscar King. The violin playing of Mr. C. H. King took the audience completely by storm. The difficulties in double stopping, octaves, chromatics, single and double harmonics with pizzicato and arpeggio runs were surmounted with consummate ease, and he was recalled three times to bow his acknowledgments, although it was stated on the programme that "owing to the length of programme no encores would be allowed." His selections were - " Souvenir de Haydn" (Leonard), "Legende" (Wieniawski) and mazurka "Bendigonia" (C. H. King). Miss Heine, our popular soprano, sang Tosti's "Good-bye," and Pinsutis "Sleep on, Dear Love," with expression and refinement, and was compelled to return again to the platform. Mr. George Oscar King played Ries' fine pianoforte concerto in C sharp minor, and was accompanied on a second pianoforte, the accompaniment part being arranged from the orchestral score by Mr. King. To keep the audience so interested for 35 minutes through such a work reflects great credit upon Mr. King. The remainder of the programme consisted of Haydn's Kinder Symphony, rendered by 30 young ladies; Schubert's fine songs, "A Sailor's Farewell," "Storm in the Woods," "Wanderer," sung respectively by Messrs. Lee and Ponsford; Rubinstein's "Wishes" and Schubert's "Who is Sylvia," sung by Messrs. Ponsford and Evans, of Echuca and Rochester. Miss Connell (Rochester) obtained a remarkable success in Liszt's "Thou Art Like a Flower" and Lassen's "I Wander 'mid the Flow'rets" bracketed together, and F. Schumann's "Evening Song " (which has been so beautifully transcribed for the violin by Wilhelmj), sung during the latter part of the programme. Mr. King brought out some of his own pupils, who showed future promise, he playing the various accompaniments. The Mechanics' Institute was well filled with visitors from all parts, and the concert is spoken of as the finest entertainment yet given in the valley of the Goulburn/

"DEATHS", The Argus (3 June 1902), 1

KING. - On the 2nd June at his residence, 69 Alfred-street, Prahran, Alfred Edward King, late teacher of music at Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, aged 64 years.

"Greenroom Gossip", Punch (9 September 1909), 38 

Ernest King, the once well-known violinist, lies dangerously ill in St. Vincent's Hospital.

"Greenroom Gossip", Punch (16 September 1909), 38 

The friends of Ernest King, the well-known violinist, will be pleased to learn that after several weeks' stay in St. Evin's Private Hospital, Fitzroy, he is now quite restored to health.

"PERSONAL", The Argus (1 September 1927), 14 

Many members of the musical profession and many old friends will not with regret the death an advanced age of Mr. Ernest King, which occurred yesterday after a prolonged illness. Mr. King, who was a professional musician, was born in Bristol, and came here as a youth with his father, Edward King, so long the first violin of the Philharmonic Society in Melbourne. He entered the Melbourne Church of England Grammar School in 1860, and soon after leaving achieved a notable position, for one so young, in music in Sydney and Melbourne, his services as a conductor and as a violinist being enlisted in some of the early operatic productions in these cities. Subsequently he was a well-known teacher of music in Melbourne and various country towns, especially Kyneton.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 September 1927), 1 

KING. - On the 31st August, at Fitzroy, Henry Charles Augustus Ernest King, aged 82 years.

"MUSIC NOTES", The Australasian (3 September 1927), 50-51 

"Something for our Musical Folk", Sunshine Advocate (18 August 1933), 6 

We have received from Mr. George Oscar King two very clever musical puzzle cards in which the complete music scale of C major, and the names of the composers, Bach and Gade appear written in one note. This is effected by a very skilful arrangement of the different clefs and the crossing of the staff by which the one single note appears on the middle line of the staff for all the required notes of the scale and the letters comprising the words "Bach" and "Gade." Should suffcient inducement offer he will be pleased to take up his residence in Sunshine, to continue again his profession which was laid aside for some time owing to the indifferent health of Mrs. King. She passed away recently, and his medical adviser has ordered him to a complete change, and to resume his profession for activity, and to remove from him the painful associations under which he has been living for the past twelve months. Mr. King has a magnificent library of rare and expensive theoretical works in every department of musical literature, possessing also rare manuscripts from the pen of many famous composers, among them being a sonata for violin and pianoforte by Pio Cianchettini, written specially for Paganini, and a full score violin concerto by Charles Edward Horsley, the great friend and pupil of Mendelssohn. Mr. King was engaged for many years in the compilation of a musical chart to embrace at one view a "complete" music "theory." Bad health prevented the work from being completed. It is a stupendous piece of work, and can be seen at our office for a limited time. It is quite well worth seeing by our resident music teachers, and musical folk. We would decidedly give Mr. King a hearty welcome to come and reside with us, whose father, was solo violinist and director of concerts of the Bristol Harmonic Society in 1830, and who played under the baton of Cooke, Balfe, Vincent Wallace; and was a great friend of the great Shakesperian actor, Macready, and all the celebrities of the day. He was the first to introduce Schumann's great opus 44 piano quintett to Australia, and took "first violin" in it, in a performance in the Prahran Town Hall in the early sixties, with Charles Edward Horsley at the piano. Mr. King is one of the very few musicians in Victoria who can remember the phenomenal pianoforte playing of Henri Ketten in the Opera House, and if a resident in Sunshine could give most interesting lectures and addresses on music and the past eminent musicians who have visited our shores.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Age (24 August 1935), 6 

Sir, - Your correspondent, "A.M." (Hawthorn), asks if I am any relation of the King family of musicians on the ship Indian Queen, which arrived in Melbourne in 1854; I am the last surviving son of Edward King, who came out in that ship, accompanied by his brother's family, Mr. Henry King. The last surviving son of Mr. Henry King is living in Sydney. The "Indian Queen" clipper ship of 2000 tons sailed from Liverpool at 2.30 p.m. on Thursday, 19th January, 1854, under the captaincy of C. Mills, and arrived in Melbourne on Saturday, 22nd April. There were many passengers. A few in the saloon were the Misses Prince, Mintoe, McWhinney, Spiser, Mr. J. Thompson and family, Messrs. Anderson, Ainslie, Bailey, Smith, Dansfleld, Holmes, Hawsley, Marks, the King family, upwards of 327 in the second saloon. Willis, Merry and Co. were the agents. The ship was towed up from the Heads by the steam tug Washington, under the command of Pilot Ashby. As the ship was brought to its anchorage the King family of musicians played Doctor Mackay's song, "There's a Good Time Coming." The ship had crossed the line on 26th February, and on 8th March the Almora, from Liverpool to Portland, was "spoken." On the 18th March the Ellen Castle was met, 120 days out. Your correspondent is quite correct about the ship's "adventurous" voyage. And I may mention one very sad occurrence, the death by suicide of a passenger, a young man, who was very low-spirited, and appeared to be impressed with the idea that his business of a plumber and glazier was not likely to be a prosperous one in Australia. Upon the ship's anchorage Captain Mills received by an address, the unanimous thanks and good wishes of nearly 400 souls for his gentlemanly conduct and kind bearing towards them during a passage of the wide ocean of 93 days. It is very regrettable that the diary your correspondent mentions should have been destroyed by fire, for we have such few authentic records of early voyages to Australia that each one is of value and of historical importance ... Yours, &c; GEORGE OSCAR KING. Box Hill.

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 November 1938), 10 

KING - On the 28th November at Mitcham, George Oscar Julian King, Professor of Music, late of Lilydale.


KING, Sarah Ann (Mrs. James Anthony SOUTH senior)

Born England, 16 February 1818
Died Waverley, NSW, 26 March 1900, aged 82

SOUTH, Eliza Anna (Mrs. Frederick A. KING; Mrs. F. A. KING; Madame Anna KING)

Soprano vocalist, organist, pianist, musical director, operatic coach

Born ? (daughter of the above)
Married Frederick Augustus KING (son of James KING), Westbury on Trym, Gloucestershire, England, 11 November 1855
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1861

SOUTH, James Anthony (junior)

Younger brother of the above, see main entry: James A. SOUTH

KING, Minnie Cunningham (Sarah Ann Cunningham KING; Mrs. Tom Aspinall THIODON)

Music teacher, pianist

Born ? (daughter of Eliza Anna SOUTH above)
Died Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, 20 January 1930

Go to main entry Mrs. Thomas Henry ASPINALL-THIODON (Madame THIODON)


[Advertisement], The Star (17 December 1861), 3 

. . . THE BALLARAT PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY Will perform Handel's celebrated Oratorio THE MESSIAH! PRINCIPAL VOCALISTS: MRS. F. A. KING, pupil of Mr. A. T. Turner, late of the Bristol and Clifton Harmonic Societies (her first appearance in the colony) . . .

"SPORTS AND PASTIMES", The Star (17 December 1861), 2 supplement 

On Christmas day the Philharmonic Society will perform Handel's oratorio, "The Messiah," in the Mechanics' Institute, assisted by Miss A. E. Bailey, of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and Mrs. F. A. King, of the Bristol and Clifton Harmonic Societies, who will, on this occasion, make her first appearance in the colony.

"CHRISTMAS FESTIVITIES", The Star (25 December 1861), 1 supplement 

The Philharmonic Society's grand performance of Handel's "Messiah," in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, which will be one of the superbest musical treats ever offered to the lovers of sacred music on Ballarat . . . Mrs F. A. King, Miss A. E. Bailey, and Mrs. A. T. Turner will take the solos in soprano and contralto, while the male soloists will be Messrs D. Oliver, P. Cazaly, J. Lake, and Master Nicholls. Mr. A. T. Turner of course takes his baton as heretofore, and Miss Cazaly will preside at the harmonium, Mr. T. King acting as leader.

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2 

A musical festival was held in St. Patrick's Church, Sturt street, on Monday evening, in aid of the church building fund . . . Mrs. Frederick King had the aria from the "Messiah," "But thou didst not leave," and Miss Juliana King the aria "Inflammatus," which she sang with remarkable success . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1864), 8

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (22 January 1864), 5 

The opening solo, - "Then she arose with her daughters in-law that she might return to the country of Moab, for the Lord had visited his people in giving them bread," - was entrusted to a soprano new to a Melbourne audience, Mrs. Frederick King, and she acquitted herself satisfactorily; the style was classic, almost old fashioned . . . "Go, return each, to her mother's house," was the first air rendered by Miss Juliana King, who has greatly improved in her delivery since her last appearance in public; the melody, a very winning one, was gracefully delivered . . . One of the real gems in the composition was the trio, "And Orpah left Naomi," beautifully sung by Miss Juliana King, Mrs. F. King, and Miss Bailey. The air, "Let me find favour in the sight," sung by Miss Juliana King, in the second part, was also highly applauded, and encored . . .

"BALLARAT EAST PUBLIC LIBRARY", The Star (20 September 1864), 3

. . . The company was a numerous one for it included the following persons, all of whom are known to local fame: - Soloists Mesdames Turner, King, and Silverlock; Messrs. Turner, Lake, and the Gentlemen of the German Liederkrans. Instrumental Soloists - Mr. Thomas King, clarionet; first violins, Messrs Thomas King (leader), Labalestrier and Bellair; second violins, Messrs Mather and Wheatley; tenor, Mr Towl; violoncellos, Messrs Stower and Rushton; basso, Mr. Sims; clarionet, Mr. Williams; flute, Mr Fiford; cornets, Messrs Wheeler and Evans; trombone, Mr. Ellis; saxhorn, Mr. Cox; pianists, Messrs. Turner and Weber, Mr. Llewellyn Thomas, the Welsh harpist, from some unexplained cause, was absent . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

The Theatre Royal was opened on Saturday night for the benefit of Mr. Thomas King . . . The vocalists comprised Mesdames F. King and Silverlock; Messrs D'Angri, Lake and others. The instrumentalists were - Cornets, Messrs. Labalestrier and Evans; violins, Messrs T. King, Brock . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (15 August 1871), 2                   

The festival in honor of the Centenary of Sir Walter Scott will be held this evening in the Alfred Hall . . . Dr. Enabling will read his prize poem, and the poems by Mrs. Eliza Ann King and Mr. G. A. Bicknell (which the judges thought to be second in merit) will be read also. A series of musical performances will be given, in which most of our leading musicians will take part, under the direction of Mr. A. T. Turner; Miss Gibbings and Mr. Emanuel acting as pianists . . .

"LINES ON THE GENIUS OF SCOTT. BY ELIZA ANN KING", The Ballarat Star (16 August 1871), 2 

[2 advertisements], The Ballarat Star (10 January 1872), 4 

PIANOFORTE, HARMONIUM, and SINGING. - Mr. AUSTIN T. TURNER will resume his Teaching on the 13th of January.

PIANOFORTE AND SINGING, - Mrs. F. KING will resume her teaching on the 18th of January. - Apply at Mr. Turner's Music Warehouse.

"THE CONCERT", The Ballarat Star (7 April 1874), 2 

The concert at the Alfred Hall in the evening was even more successful than the sports at the Oval, pecuniarily and otherwise, and afforded a real evening's enjoyment to about 2000 persons, the hall being literally crammed in all parts . . . Mr. Hy. King performed several pianoforte solos, and with Mrs. F. King presided at the piano during the evening . . .

"WAIT AND HOPE!", Mount Alexander Mail (23 February 1876), 2 

. . . ELIZA ANNE KING, Ballarat, February, 1876.

"NEW MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (16 September 1876), 6 

We have received from Messrs McPhail and Weymouth a copy of a new song, "Wait and Hope." The words are by Eliza Anna King, and the music has been composed by Mr. Henry John King, son of Mr. King, of this town. The greater part of the song is in B flat, and a change into two sharps towards the close has a fine effect. "Wait and Hope" is to be sung at the Popular Ballad Concert to be held in the Town Hall on Monday evening.

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (22 September 1876), 7 

? "SINGULAR CHARGE", Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser [England] (27 September 1876), 7

At the Torquay police-court, on Saturday morning (before E. Vivian, Esq.), Frederick Augustus King, late of Bristol, but now of St. Mary Church, near Torquay, and who is secretary the Babbicombe Regatta Committee, was summoned by Henry Jackson, Esq., "for that he, on the 10th August last past, did publish a defamatory libel concerning the said Henry Jackson, by means of a post-card, sent through the post-office, in order to expose him to public contempt or ridicule, contrary to law" . . .

"New Music", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (19 December 1876), 2 

. . . Amongst other pieces of peculiar merit may be mentioned a song entitled "Wait and Hope," the words by Eliza Ann King and the music composed by Henry John King. The poetry is of a character that speaks to the heart, and the melody is aptly wedded to it, being at times of a sweetly plaintive character, but leading up imperceptibly to the lesson of Hope and Patience implied in the title of the song. The accompaniment, although in two keys, is admirably arranged, and displays brilliant tokens of a master hand in its composition . . .

"Marriages", Evening News (17 April 1879), 2 

THIODON - KING. - April 5 at St. James's, by the Rev. J. Hough, Thomas Henry, youngest son of Aspinall Thiodon, Esq., of the Royal Polytechnic, Pitt-street, to Minnie Cunningham, only daughter of Frederick Augustus King, Esq., of Torquay, England.

"SOUTH'S OPERA COMPANY", Cootamundra Herald (1 October 1881), 3 

On last Wednesday evening, as we fully anticipated, the rendering of the grand opera "Maritana," by South's talented company afforded unalloyed gratification and pleasure to the audience who filled the Assembly Hall on that occasion . . . On Wednesday evening, always, Madame Anna King was one of the most efficient performers, and went through her arduous duties in the most artistic and elegant manner, showing what a treasure Mr. South possesses in his talented musical directress . . .

"DEATHS", The Daily Telegraph (28 May 1900), 1 

SOUTH. - May 26th, 1900, at her residence, No. 33S Liverpool-st., Darlinghurst, Sydney, Sarah Ann South, relict of the late James South, aged 82 years. Interred on 27th inst. at Waverley Cemetery.


Wait and hope, song, words by Eliza Anna King; music composed . . . by Henry John King, Castlemaine (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1876]) 

Hero and Leander, an entirely novel operatic extravaganza in two acts, libretto by Anna King; incidental music by T. Thiodon (Brisbane: H. J. Whittington, 1881) 


KING, Thomas

Violinist, clarinettist, clarionet and viola player, bass vocalist

Born Clifton, Bristol, England, c. 1820
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (? 1853)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 18 February 1881, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (18 February 1881), 2

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1881), 3

"DEATH OF AN OLD BALLARAT RESIDENT", Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1881), 2

Mr. Thomas King, the well known musician of Ballarat, who resided in that city for close upon a quarter of a century, and who, as was stated in a telegram we published yesterday from our Ballarat correspondent, was seized with a fit of apoplexy on Thursday night, died early yester day morning. He remained unconscious to the last. The deceased gentleman, who we under stand was an uncle of Mr. H. J. King, of this city, was at one time a member of the proprietary of the Ballarat Star.

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (21 February 1881), 2

The remains of the late Mr. Thomas King were buried in the old cemetery to-day. The body was taken to the Masonic Hall, where Bro. Andrew Brown, W.M. of the Yarrowee Lodge, performed the lodge solemnities. The band of the B. V. R. headed the procession to the grave, playing the "Dead March," and a large number of the mystic brethren walked before the hearse, thousands of spectators lining the street, and crowding at the cemetery. Bro. Brown read the Masonic service at the grave and the Rev. Mr. Kildahl, of St. Paul's, the Anglican service. During the procession a Mason and a J.P. behaved indecently in attempting to drive before another vehicle, and he had to be threatened with a constable before he was brought to his senses. The amateur performance of "Pinafore" three nights last week at the Academy of Music, in aid of the charities, was so great a success that an extra performance is to be given tomorrow night. The late Mr. King was engaged and attended all the rehearsals but the last.

"THE LATE MR. THOMAS KING", The Mercury (22 February 1881), 2

The Ballarat Star reports that Mr. Thomas King, for many years a musical leader in theatres, died suddenly last week. "His history is the history of dramatic art in Ballarat. His arrival dates 26 years back, when, after some years' service as a musician in Melbourne, he came to Ballarat as clarionet player in the band at the Victoria Theatre, then owned by Messrs. Moodie and Smith. Lola Montes was the attraction at the theatre at the time. From the Victoria Mr. King went to the Montezuma as leader, "Johnny" Hydes being manager. Here he not only officiated as leader, but composed the music for a series of burlesques which were produced. From the Montezuma, he gravitated to the Royal, and there for years he led the orchestra. His experiences were various, and the story of his life from year to year would indeed be a perfect chronicle of theatrical affairs in our city. No playgoer will readily forget "poor Tom King;" no musician who ever served with him in an orchestra, no man who ever met with him apart from his occupation as a musician, not one person who knew him, will refuse the tribute of sorrow to one whose disposition was tempered by the art he loved, and rendered lovable and kindly. Mr, King was a native of Clifton, near Bristol, and was 61 years of age. He has many relatives in the colony. Mrs. A. T. Turner is his sister; Mr. Edward King, violinist, of Melbourne, his brother; and several relatives are well known in musical circles.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1882), 8

KING, Ada (Miss Ada KING; Mrs. Sidney OLDMAN)


Born Bristol, England, 31 December 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (? 1853)
Married Sidney OLDMAN, Melbourne, VIC, 9 January 1883
Died Rapunyup, VIC, 15 October 1923


KING, Henry John (senior)

Professor of music, vocalist, pianist, conductor, schoolmaster

Born England; baptised, St. Augustine-the-Less, Bristol, 25 December 1831
Married Betsy Maria HALL, ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? 1854 (?1853), by 1855
Died Newcastle, NSW, 16 December 1888, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KING, Betsy Maria (HALL)

Born c. 1830
Died Newcastle, NSW, 4 February 1917, aged 87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1857), 8


. . . which took place at 8 p.m., under the immediate patronage of Viscount Canterbury, Lady Manners Sutton, Miss Manners Sutton, with Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Bright, who were received by the Emerald Hill Artillery as a guard of honor, and the National Anthem by the band, was well attended in spite of the very inclement weather, and we may say was a most unqualified success. The cantata, "A Song for St. Cecilia's Day," of course the affair of the evening, had been arranged a local gentleman, Mr. H. J. King, in a very masterly manner, and was generally admitted to have been done full justice to, both by instrumentalists and vocalists. The more general music was also very creditably rendered, and when we say that the vocalists were Mdlles. Bertha Wat son, and Kidd, with Messrs. E. Exon and T. B. Brown, it will be readily understood that the audience, not withstanding the loyalty, were regretful when the programme was exhausted and the National Anthem pealed forth . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (19 December 1888), 1

KING. - On the 16th inst., at Newcastle, N.S.W., Henry John King, the affectionate father of H. J. King (organist St. Mark's, Melbourne), Geo. F. King (of St. Mary's, Maitland), Ch. H. King (All Saints' Church, Sandhurst), and E. M. Bach-King (organist of the Anglican Cathedral, Newcastle), aged 56.

[News], The Argus (19 December 1888), 7

The death is announced of Mr. H. J. King, one of a large family of musicians who established themselves in Melbourne as far back as 1854. The only one now living is Mr. Edward King, the violinist, of South Yarra. The late Mr. H. J. King had been living in retirement in Newcastle, New South Wales, recently, but was for nearly fifteen years the organist in St. James's Cathedral, Melbourne, and for about the same period of time professor of music in the Church of England Grammar School, which he entered on its foundation. Mr. King's eldest son is the composer of the cantata for the inauguration of the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition. Mr. King received his musical education in England, having studied for years with the late Dr. Corfe, and afterwards receiving lessons in orchestration from Sir Michael Costa.

"DEATH OF A MUSICIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (20 December 1888), 2

"Obituary: MR. H. J. KING", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 December 1888), 17


KING, Henry John (junior)

Organist, teacher of music, conductor, composer

Born South Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (son of Henry John KING, senior, and Betsy Maria HALL)
Died Southport, QLD, 27 June 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Portland Guardian (6 June 1873), 3

[News], The Argus (28 April 1876), 5

On Tuesday night last the members of the Castlemaine Philharmonic Society presented their conductor, Mr. Henry John King, with a handsomely-mounted baton, manufactured by Messrs. Walsh Brothers, Collins-street, in token of his having attained his majority. The presentation was made in most complimentary terms, and was suitably acknowledged. During the last two years, under Mr. King's guidance, the Castlemaine Philharmonic Society has made great progress.

"MR. H. J. KING", Launceston Examiner (2 May 1876), 3

Mr. H. J. KING, of Melbourne, professor of music, advertises that he proposes taking up his residence in Launceston shortly. Mr. King was organist of St. James's Cathedral, and music master of the Church of England Grammar School. He has also been piano-conductor for the Italian-Opera Company, and brings with him testimonials from the Rev. Dr. Bromby and others. The Argus of 4 Friday last states that the members of the Castlemaine Philharmonic Society presented Mr. King [junior] with a handsomely mounted baton, in token of his having attained his majority, and mentions that during the last two years, under Mr. King's guidance, that Society has made great progress.

"NEW MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (16 September 1876), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (22 September 1876), 7


"THE MUSIC", The Argus (2 August 1888), 4s

[Advertisement], The musical times [London, England] (1 October 1890), 620 

KING, HENRY John - (in F). The Morning and Evening Service, together with the Office for the Holy Communion, 2s. Or singly: No. 1. Te Deum Laudamus, 4d.; 2. Benedictus, 3d.; 3. Kyrie Eleison; 4 and 5. Before and After the Gospel; 6. Credo; 7. Sursum Corda; 8. Sanctus; 9. Benedictus qui Venit; 10. Agnus Dei; 11. Gloria in Excelsis, 1s.; 12. Magnificat; 13. Nunc Dimittis, 4d.

"PERSONALITIES", The Queenslander (28 December 1918), 16

"MR. HENRY JOHN KING", The Brisbane Courier (24 April 1933), 11

"Obituary. Mr. H. J. King", The Courier-Mail (28 June 1834), 18

"MR. H. J. KING", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1934), 7


KING, George Frederick (Mr. G. F. KING)

Musician, composer

Born South Yarra, VIC, 19 April 1862
Active Launceston, TAS, by 1876
Died Mosman, VIC, 21 July 1924, aged 62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BIRTHS", The Argus (22 April 1862), 4 

KING. - On the 19th inst., at Domain-road, South Yarra, the wife of Henry King of a son.

"POPULAR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (19 September 1876), 3

"TASMANIAN TELEGRAMS. LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (23 June 1879), 2

"NEW SONG AND MUSIC", The Mercury (13 November 1878), 2

"AT THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION", The Mercury (17 December 1879), 3

"ROCKET RELIEF FUND CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (14 May 1880), 2

"THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION", Launceston Examiner (3 August 1880), 2

[News], The Argus (7 January 1893), 7

Mr. George Frederick King and Mr. E. M. B. King, brothers of Mr. H. J. King, the conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, leave Sydney for Europe and America this week, and it was resolved at a meeting of the musical committee of the Melbourne Liedertafel last night to accredit Mr. G. F. King and to give him representative powers during his tour. Mr. King has been requested to furnish the Liedertafel with details relating to musical life abroad, and to make special reference to music at the forthcoming Chicago Exhibition from a musician's point of view.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1924), 8

"OBITUARY. MR. G. F. KING", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1924), 8

Obituary: The death occurred recently at Mosman, at the age of 62, of Mr. George F. King, who for 32 years was a prominent musician in the northern district. A member of a well-known musical family, he proceeded to West Maitland as organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Anglican Church in 1895. For 32 years he occupied the dual office. In 1917 he took up duty as choirmaster and organist at St. Clement's, Mosman. During his long residence in Maitland he associated himself with every movement that had for its object the advancement of music. He was conductor of several musical societies. He has left a widow, two sons, and one daughter. The funeral took place from his late residence, Wongalee, Raglan-street, Mosman.


KING, Charles Horatio (Melnoth RAFALEWSKI)


Born 1864 (son of Henry John KING senior and Betsy Maria HALL)
Died Chatswood, NSW, 19 August 1950, aged 85 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

"King, Charles Horatio (1864-1950)", Obituaries Australia 

"King, Charles Horatio (1864-1950)", People Australia 


KING, Edward Mendelssohn Bach

Musician, organist

Born 1871 (son of H. J. King, sen.)
Died Toronto, near Newcastle, NSW, 14 December 1918, aged 47 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"DIVORCE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1902), 4

"DEATH OF MR. EDWARD KING", Singleton Argus (17 December 1918), 2

[Advertisement; probate of Edward Mendelssohn Bach King, musician], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1918), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Lyn Cosham (ed.), There's a good time coming! the musical King family from Bristol to Melbourne in 1854 (Tongala: L. Cosham, 2004) 

Doggett 2006 

Richard Bradshaw, "Thiodon's wonders: a mechanical theatre in nineteenth-century Australia" [article in special issue: Puppetry and visual theatre in Australia and New Zealand], Australasian Drama Studies 51/2 (October 2007), 18-35 

Special thanks:

My thanks (February 2018) to Richard Bradshaw, puppeteer and theatrical historian, for kindness in sharing his research into members of the extended King-Thiodon-Aspinall-South family.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020