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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–P (Pi-Pz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–P (Pi-Pz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 18 January 2021

- P - (Pi - Pz)

PICCO, J. A. (? John PICCO; J. A. PICCO; "the American PICCO")

Multi-instrumentalist, player on the tin whistle, violin, banjo, banjoline, African lute, musical grid-iron ("The Australian Paganini"; "The Great American Picco")

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by November 1856 (? 10 November 1856, per Merlin, from Liverpool, 31 July, aged "21")
Active Bendigo, VIC, until July 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Reports, first of the existence, and then of the London debut season of a new prodigy, Joseph Picco, "The Blind Sardinian Minstrel", a virtuoso on the shepherd's pipe (zuffolo, also later known as the picco pipe), were circulated in the Australian press between April and September 1856.

There was even a humorous report in early November from the "London Correspondent" of Melbourne Punch that:

. . . Picco, the blind Sardinian and famous performer on the short pipe, is engaged by Jullien to accompany him to Melbourne. Jullien pays the piper in advance, and finds him tobacco for the term of his engagement . . .

The first appearances of "the great American Picco", a performer on the tin whistle, followed in Melbourne in November 1856. Later also billed as Mr. J. A. Picco, he continued to appear in Victoria, mainly in and around Bendigo, until the middle of 1860.


"THE NEW MUSICAL PHENOMENON", The Tasmanian Daily News (23 April 1856), 3 

"PICCO, THE BLIND SARDINIAN MINSTREL", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1856), 8

"FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT", Melbourne Punch (6 November 1856), 7 


? Names and descriptions of passengers, per Merlin, for Melbourne, from Liverpool, 31 July 1856; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

[? Jno.] Picco / 21 / [?s] . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (24 November 1856), 4 

THEATRE ROYAL. Barnettt's Opera of THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH. After which, the AMERICAN PICCO will perform a solo on a common whistle . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (24 November 1856), 5 

. . . This evening "The Mountain Sylph" will be produced for the first time at this theatre; and after the opera an American double of the Sardinian Picco (whose performances upon a tin pipe have created such a sensation in England) will make his first appearance.

[Advertisement], The Age (24 November 1856), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . First appearance in the Colonies of the Celebrated AMERICAN PICCO.
The greatest possible Solo Performer on the COMMON WHISTLE in the world, will make his first appearance in the Colonies, having just arrived from England. The extraordinary compass of, and manipupulations on, this single Instrument, have elicited the highest encomiums from the crowded audiences and the Press of England and America . . .
. . . the Celebrated AMERICAN PICCO Will perform a Solo ON A COMMON WHISTLE.
THE PICCO. - The first performer on this instrument was a Sardinian blind shepherd, who, to beguile the time while tending his sheep, had rendered himself proficient on the pipe. He was heard by chance, and induced to visit England, where his performances have caused a great sensation and excitement.
THE AMERICAN PICCO combines Musical Education with untiring practice, and has brought it to a perfection surpassing the original.
THE INSTRUMENT. - On a piece of common tin, with six holes in it, he will produce the most wonderful sounds, many passages with a brilliancy of touch and execution equal to a Nicholson on the most modern flute . . .

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING", The Age (27 November 1856), 4 


ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Farquharson (bass vocalist, member of the English Opera Company then engaged at the Theatre Royal)

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING", The Age (2 December 1856), 4 

CREMORNE. The Wizerd LENNOX. - Madame Dallecasse will make a grand ascent and descent on a rope across the Lake, the American PICCO, and other Entertainments.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Dalle Case (gymnast, circus performer)

[Advertisement], The Age (9 December 1856), 1 

SECOND AND LAST GRAND FETE CHAMPETRE, AT CREMORNE GARDENS, Thursday Evening, December 11th, 1856 . . .
THE AMERICAN PICCO Will open his budget of eccentricities, introducing the sayings, doings, and peculiarities of the Negro race, with solos on the violin (played here, there, and everywhere) bangoline, musical gridiron, and the common whistle . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (20 December 1856), 1 

CREMORNE GARDENS. Grand Juvenile Night. This Evening, Saturday.
Last Night of MR. and MRS. H. T. CRAVEN,

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza and Henry Craven (actor-vocalist and actor-playwright); Felix Lalanne (partner of Anna Dalle Case)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (5 January 1857), 1 

FOR the purpose of giving eclat to the opening of the above elegant place of amusement, the following Artistes of the highest dramatic and musical talent in the colonies have been engaged: -
Mrs. H. T. CRAVEN, the celebratad vocalist and actress, from Covent Garden and Drury-lane Theatres.
L. SWANNELL, of the Theatre Royal, Melbourne.
Mr. H. T. CRAVEN, the popular author and actor, of Drury-lane Theatre.
Mr. F. DIXON, the popular tenor singer, of Melbourne.
Mr. SMALL, the famous comic vocalist;
and The world renowned AMERICAN PICCO.
Mr. OTTO LINDEN will preside at the Pianoforte, and conduct the musical arrangements.
On SATURDAY, Jan. 3rd, Monday, Jan. 5th, and during the week, the performances will commence with a grand MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT . . .
The Celebrated AMERICAN PICCO Whose Instrumental Performances and Imitative Eccentricities peculiar to his illustrations have called forth unqualified approbation and patronage through out the four quarters of the globe, will appear in his original Entertainment, entitled
Introducing the sayings, doings, oddities, peculiarities, and eccentricities of the sable genus of humanity - the slaves of America; in which he will perform on the following Instruments:-
Violin (played here, there, and everywhere), Banjoline, Musical Gridiron, and the Common Tin Whistle.
This performance has excited the wonder, and been then theme of discussion amongst the greatest musical connoisseurs of England and America. The effects produced have hitherto been considered attainable only by the Concert Flute of the most recent improvements . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Swannell (vocalist); Frederick Dixon (vocalist); Joe Small (comic vocalist); Otto Linden (pianist)

"THE CRITERION THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (6 March 1857), 3 

The Alpine Minstrels repeated their performances last night, and though the house was by no means a good one, those who attended appeared to appreciate the performances. The American Picco with his tin whistle was "all there," and we regret much that the inhabitants of Sandhurst were not all there also, as the evening's entertainment was really deserving of patronage and support.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alpine Minstrels (Margeritta Kramer and Julius Haimberger and family)

"THE AMERICAN PICCO", Mount Alexander Mail (1 June 1857), 3 

This artiste was very cordially received by a crowded house at the Red Hill, Forest Creek, on Saturday evening. He performs to-night at Campbell's Creek, and next day at the Junction.

"ARARAT [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]", Mount Alexander Mail (16 October 1857), 4 

At the Duchess of Kent Hotel a large Hall or Theatre has been erected, in which performances are given every evening, and no expense spared in the engaging of artistic talent. A charge is made for admission. I visited this place twice, and was highly gratified with the performances. The celebrated German Brothers performed some of the most extraordinary acrobatic feats I ever witnessed. Hall and Davies, late of Rainer's Serenaders, sustained their well-earned reputation. A Miss Stewart sung; the American Picco performed in his usual style; and a comic singer, whose name I forget, sang ridiculous songs which he seemed to think comic. The house is capable of accommodating upwards of 300, but only about 80 were present. On a subsequent evening, when the famed Kohler Brothers gave specimens of their superior performances on various musical instruments, and when a crowded house was anticipated, the audience only numbered about 30 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Stewart (vocalist); Rainer's Serenaders (minstrels); Richard and John Kohler (multi-instrumentalists)

"ABBOTT'S LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (27 September 1858), 3

There can be very little doubt of the success of the new company whose services Mr. Abbott has secured for his theatre. On Saturday night the place was crammed . . . The company were well selected, all of them being known on Bendigo. Miss Urie sang some of her most favorite songs . . . Several comic aongs were sung by Mr. Hammond . . . Mr. Leeman sung several very effective songs, and Mr. Dixon came before the audience two or three times. The gentleman rejoicing in the euphonious cognomen of the Great American Picco, performed a series of solos upon the violin, or, rather, upon one string of that instrument, very cleverly. The peculiar positions in which he managed to play appeared to surprise most of the audience, who did not fail to give him his work to do by repeated encores . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Urie (vocalist); Frederick Leeman (vocalist); W. J. Hammond (comic vocalist)

"HAYMARKET THEATRE. BENEFIT OF MISS FANNY YOUNG", Bendigo Advertiser (5 October 1858), 3 

. . . At the conclusion of the first piece, the American Picco favored the audience with a performance on the tin whistle, and Mr. Moore, the able violinist, performed on the violin. An agreeable interlude of dancing by Miss Fanny Young and Mrs. Moore occupied the attention of the audience before the concluding farce came on . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew and Rachel Moore (violinist and vocalist-dancer); Fanny Young (dancer, actor)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 March 1859), 1 

TO SEE JOHNNY BURGESS, Dance, acknowledged, without doubt, the Greatest Dancer in the World.
MR. SHARP, Stands Unrivalled as a Banjoist.
MR. J. A. PICCO, The Australian Paganini, and Soloist on various Instruments.
MASTER BURGESS, Still gains Laurels as a Juvenile Vocalist.
Pianist - MR. BUSH.
Leader - Mr. J. A. Picco.
Admission Free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Johnny Burgess (dancer); Henry Sharp (banjo); Mr. Bush (piano)

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (19 April 1859), 2

A crowded audience assembled at this favorite place of amusement last evening, and the entertainments, as they usually are, were of such a character as to afford them the highest gratification. Everything as announced in the programme went off in the happiest manner, with the exception of an unfortunate hitch which occurred in the unavoidable absence of Mr. Burbank, who, it is stated, had received the permission of Mr. Heffernan to dance against Mr. Burgess, which 0permission was withdrawn, it was stated at the eleventh hour, much to the disappointment and vexation of those assembled. The other performances, however, were capitally gone through, and reflected the highest credit on the company. They were given as a grand complimentary benefit to Mr. J. Burgess, who, notwithstanding the unexpected absence of his challenged antagonist, exerted himself to the uttermost to render the entertainments of the evening pleasing and satisfactory. The performances of Mr. J. A. Picco on the violin, the gridiron, whistle, and other instruments, were received with uproarious applause, and the great gun trick of the Wizard of the North was performed in a manner which created deservedly a very powerful sensation. The evenings entertainment on tlio whole was highly successful, and the audience were evidently highly delighted throughout.

ASSOCIATIONS: Otto Burbank (minstrel, serenader, dancer); William Heffernan (proprietor); John Henry Anderson ("wizard of the north")

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (26 May 1859), 1 

ABBOTT'S LYCEUM, PALL MALL, SANDHURST. SATURDAY, 28TH MAY PROFESSOR PARKER'S GRAND ASSAUT D'ARMES AND MUSICAL SOIREE. Grand Fencing Match between Professor Parker and Mons. Lissignol, Officer of the Legion of Honor, and Commander of several Foreign Orders (late of the Red Royal French Husaars) . . . MONS. LISSIGNOL, the celebrated Pianist, will preside at the Pianoforte, assisted by Mr. Picco, Violinist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eugene Lissignol (swordsman, pianist); George Parker (swordsman, d. 1871)

"THE MASONIC BALL. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1859), 3

Sir, - The letter of Mr. J. A. Picco, which appears in tlie columns of your contemporary, unfortunately calls for a reply from me, inasmuch as his statement is utterly incorrect, and it is a matter of regret that the above gentleman in his anxiety to rush into print has not been more careful in his assertion.
I will simply state that Mr. Picco occupied in the orchestra the very same position that he describes as having been occupied by me. I was the recognised leader of the band, as the gentlemen of the orchestra can testify.
Regretting that I have been compelled to intrude upon your space,
I am, Sir, yours obedientlv,
Barnard-street, Sandhurst, 24th June, 1859.

"THE MASON'S BALL", Bendigo Advertiser (27 June 1859), 2 

We have received a letter from J. A. Picco, denying that Mr. Burgess was ihe leader of the band at the late Masons' Ball. The subject is of no public interest, and we therefore must decline inserting any more letters about it.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Bird Burgess

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1859), 1 

AMERICAN PICCO, Ethiopian Delineator, Soloist on Violin, Banjo, Musical Gridiron, Common Whistle, &c, open to ENGAGEMENT, town or country. Address London Tavern, Elizabeth-street.

"THE THEATRES. PRINCESS'S", The Argus (2 August 1859), 5 

. . . A gentleman described as the "American Picco" has also been engaged. He performs with remarkable skill upon the common tin whistle, out of which he extracts music which, if not "eloquent," is at least very clever. His feats upon the violin, however, have been made familiar long ago by Mr. Barlow, of "Blue-tailed Fly" celebrity . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Barlow (comic vocalist, instrumentalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 September 1859), 8 


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1859), 1 

A COMIC SINGER and LADY VOCALIST WANTED, for the country. Apply J. A. Picco, l95 1/2 King-street.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (2 November 1859), 3 

Star Theatre. Preliminary Announcement.
ARRIVAL OF MISS CASTINE, THE celebrated Soprano, from the principal London and Melbourne Concerts. (First appearance.)
MR. GEORGE ELLIS, The inimitable comic character, Irish and Dialogue Vocalist. (First appearance.)
AND THE RENOWNED AMERICAN PICCO, The celebrated delineator of Negro Life and Character - and Soloist on the Violin, African Lute, Musical Gridiron, and the Common Whistle. (First appearance.) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma Castine (vocalist); George Ellis (comic vocalist)

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 November 1859), 2 

A crowded house on Saturday evening testified by its applause the feeling they entertained of the merits of those who catered for their amusement. First, according to etiquette comes Miss Castine, a most charming vocalist . . . Mr. George Ellis, the comic singer, improves vastly upon acquaintance . . . As for Mr. Picco, the only name we can give that gentleman, we can safely say that he is, without exception, one of the most clever and versatile musicians we have ever met with. Nothing comes amiss to him, from a violin to a penny whistle and as a delineator of negro songs he may take high rank. Altogether, a very pleasant evening may be spent in witnessing the performances of this company.

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 November 1859), 2 

The performances at this house last evening were if anything superior to those hitherto given by this talented company. Miss Castine was positively charming, the feeling evinced by her and her admirable voice drew down great applause. Mr. Picco by his drolleries and splendid music and Mr. George Ellis by his comicalities and whimsicalities succeeeed a merveille in pleasing the audience.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 November 1859), 3 

Star Theatre . . . MISS CASTINE . . . MR. GEORGE ELLIS . . .
MR. J. A. PICCO, In his Inimitable Performances . . .
Pianist - MR. RUXTON.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henri Ruxton (pianist)

"STAR THEATRE, CHILTERN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 November 1859), 2

One of sthe largest audiences ever witnessed in the above place of amusement assembled on Saturday evening to greet Miss Castine and company . . . Mr. Picco is a first rate violinist, and bis performances in that capacity surprised while it pleased his hearers. His solos on the gridiron, banjo, and whistle together with his droll sayings, tended with the endeavours of his companions to send every one home well satisfied.

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 January 1860), 8 

BRUNSWICK DANCING ACADEMY. - Select ASSEMBLY THIS EVENING Gentlemen, 2s.; Ladies by ticket. Mr. Jackson, M.C.
TO-NIGHT, Select ASSEMBLY, new Dances, all new Music. Leader - Mr. Picco,

"ABBOTT'S LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (2 July 1860), 3 

. . . There was some excellent Scotch dancing on Saturday evening, which was deservedly encored. The singing of Mrs. Ellis, Miss Bartley, Messrs. Leeman and Fairchild forms an agreeable variety in the evening's amusements . . . Mr. Picco still continues to draw melodious tones from that extremely odd looking instrument - the tin tube . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Kramer Ellis (vocalist); Miss Bartley (vocalist); Joseph Fairchild (vocalist)

"ABBOTT'S LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (21 July 1860), 2

. . . We must not omit to mendon that Mr. Picco was called upon to repeat his clever performance on the tin tube . . .

PICILOMO, Josephine (Josephine PICILOMO; ? pseudonym)

Vocalist, pianist

Active Sydney, NSW, March-April 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

PICILOMO (Monsieur PICILOMO; ? pseudonym)

Basso vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, March-April 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1858), 1 

MONDAY NEXT. TOOGOOD'S SALOON will be opened under different management, and as pulling will not be resorted to it will be merely necessary to mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity to make his place the greatest attraction in the city. Behold ! all this talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, EVERY NIGHT, for One Week, with other artistes. The Buckingham Family and troupe. Largest operatic company out of England. Having at great expense engaged the following artistes:
Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice; Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso;
Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer; Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist; Miss Buckingham, the talented singer; Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer; Master G. K. Buckingham, the flute player; Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer, called the old musketeer; Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer, Paddy Malone; Master H. Buckingham, the nautical singer, Red, White and Blue, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1858), 1 

With a variety of songs, duetts, glees, cborusses, &c., by Madame Glogoski, Madame Josephini, M. Glogoski, Mr. Webster, Master G. Buckingham, and a host of other talented artists. Admission free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Buckingham Family (musicians, entertainers); Simon Glogoski

PICKERING, George Ferrers (George Ferrers PICKERING; Mr. G. F. PICKERING)

Journalist, editor (Bell's Life in Sydney), music and theatre reviewer and commentator, poet, songwriter

Born Chester, England, 1821; baptised St. Werburgh's church (RC), Chester, 16 September 1821; son of George PICKERING (1794-1857) and Magdalene Lucy FERRERS (1793-1860)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19/20 February 1841 (per Ferguson, from Port Phillip, 6 February)
Married Ellen Mary ELLIS, St. Patrick's chapel, Parramatta, NSW, 23 June 1844
Died Levuka, Fiji, 14 July 1876 (TROVE tagged) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS. FRIDAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (22 February 1841), 2 

FERGUSON, ship, 555 tons, Virtue, master, from Port Phillip on the 7th instant. Cargo - Sundries . . . Passengers . . . From Port Philip - Messrs. Cavenagh, Soutley, Pickering . . .

"THEATRICALS. PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 August 1859), 3 

. . . Last night the house presented a brilliant array of fashion, the performances being in aid of the Lavenu Benefit Fund. The opera of Il Trovatore was the piece selected, between the 4th and 5th Acts of which, Mr. Burford delivered the following Address of Acknowledgment, written for the occasion by Mr. G. F. Pickering:-

A parting word, ere yet the curtain falls.
To you, kind patrons of fair Thespis' halls,
Who lend your sympathising presence here
To stay the Widow's and the Orphan's tear.
He whom ye mourn - the Minstrel called away
To join the choirs of Eternal Day -
Sleeps in a stranger's grave, by Friendship's hand
Consigned to dust, far from his native land.
For him is o'er life's brief and fitful dream;
His harp, late strung to Earth's imperfect theme,
Now, tuned by hand celestial, wakes its chords
To strains immortal, and to holier words.
Where Bochsa's broken lyre - meet emblem - shows
The spot where Genius found its last repose,
Plant we a willow that shall weeping wave
O'er Music's Sons - companions in the grave.
Peace to his ashes! Yet the while we mourn
That dust must to its kindred dust return,
Turn we our gaze upon the loved ones left -
The Widow of her gifted spouse bereft,
The Orphans clinging to that mother's knee,
Unconscious of her speechless agony.
When the sad tidings shall to her be borne
That tells of father from his offspring torn,
Still in Affliction's cup infused the tear
Of Sympathy, so freely rendered here,
Will yield a balm to heal the bleeding smart
And soothe the anguish of the widowed heart.
For her, for them kind friends, we thank you all
Nobly responding to sweet Pity's call,
As ye have done so be it done to you
When to Life's fleeting stage ye bid adieu! . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (musician, deceased); Charles Henry Burford (actor, d. 1899)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1876), 1 

PICKERING. - July 14, at Levuka, Fiji, George Ferrers Pickering, late editor and proprietor of Bell's Life in Sydney.

"FIJI", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1876), 6 

The death is announced of Mr. G. F. Pickering, which event took place at his residence on the 14th July. The deceased gentleman was well known in New South Wales, of which colony he was a very old resident. For some years Mr. Pickering was a member of the Legislative Assembly, in which he represented the Northern GoId Fields. He was closely connected with the Press, and during a considerable period of his residence in the sister colony was editor and proprietor of Bell's Life in Sydney. Mr. Pickering has been in Fiji for five years, and his quiet unobtrusive demeanour, coupled with his geniality and talent, had made him many friends.

"Rowland Ferrers Pickering", Truth (7 September 1913), 7 

In the early forties there arrived in Sydney two brothers, Rowley John Ferrers Pickering and George Ferrers Pickering, grandson of Earl Ferrers. The first named was a captain in the Mercantile Marine, and was for some years trading between Sydney and Chinese ports. He was a benefactor to this country in a way . . . Mr. George Ferrers Pickering was a highly cultured and interesting man, with all the characteristics of the polished gentleman. He married Ellen Mary, the only daughter of Lieutenant Eyre Ellis, of H.M. 62nd Regiment, and Captain of County Police, Meath, Ireland, and sister of Mr. Eyre Ellis, a well-known solicitor, who founded the firm of Eyre and Mackinnon, and Mr. Thomas Ellis, who for many years carried on an extensive auction business in George-street, near the railway station. The recently deceased Mr. R. F. Pickering was the issue of the marriage, which took place on June 23, 1844, at St. Patrick's, Parramatta, the ceremony being performed by Rev. Nicholas, afterwards Dean, Coffey. In January, 1845 Thomas Revel Johnson started "Bell's Life In Sydney." He had little or no capital, and was involved in debt and borrowed money from Mr. Joseph Roberts, who took over the paper, and who died on May 7, 1849. Mr. Roberts had married Martha Hutchinson, whose sister Sarah married Isaac D. Nichols abovementioned. Shortly after Mr. Roberts death, Mr. Charles Hamilton Nichols, father of Mr. G. R. Nichols, of Llandilo, became the purchaser of "Bell's Life," and took Mr. G. F. Pickering into partnership. Mr. Nichols looked after the business part of the paper, and Mr. Pickering supervised the literary department. The pair remained in partnership until shortly before Mr. Nichols' death in 1869 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Hamilton Nichols

Songs, lyrics etc.:

"The Song of the Gold!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (17 February 1849), 2 

[The following lines, suggested by HOOD'S celebrated "Song of The Shirt" . . .]

With arms all shrunken and weak,
With frame exhausted by toil,
with lustreless eye, and ghastly cheek,
He delveth beneath the soil -
Sift - sift - sift!
The unwholesome death-laden mould -
Still at times would the digger his voice uplift
Singing the "SONG OF THE GOLD."

. . . [9 more verses and first verse repeated at end] . . .

"THE SONG OF THE PEN!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (3 March 1849), 3 

With fingers bloodless and wan,
With eyelids drooping with pain,
There sat in his garret a lonely man,
Earning "bread from brain"
Write - write - write!
No sound in that cheerless den,
Awaking the echoes of silent night,
Save scratch of that writer's PEN!

. . . [4 more verses] . . .

MUSIC: The song of the shirt (Thomas Hood); for a charactristic American setting (c. 1847) see The song of the shirt; or for Henry Russell's tune, set to a parody, see The song of the shirt

"SONG OF THE LASH", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (15 May 1869), 4 

. . . (Suggested by Russell's celebrated Song of "the Life Boat") . . .

Rig the grating! Rig the grating!
Boatswain, cheerily pipe all hands;
Rig the grating! Rig the grating!
Quick prepare your knotted strands.

. . . [10 more verses] . . .

MUSIC: Man the life boat (Henry Russell)


Teacher of Practice and Theory of Music, pupil of Kalkbrenner and Logier

Born London, England, 14 March 1805; baptised St. Michael Cornhill, London, 19 December 1809; daughter of William CLARKE and Sarah Lightfoot BACKE
Married (1) William Francis DODSWORTH, St. Pancras parish chapel, London, England, 21 November 1826
Married (2) William Phelps PICKERING, Christ church, Sydney, NSW, 28 October 1846
Departed Sydney, NSW, February 1849 (per Louis and Miriam, for Wellington, NZ)
Died Wellington, NZ, 21 May 1871, aged "68" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Wife of the pardoned convict, master marriner, and insolvent, William Phelps Pickering (c. 1815-1877; per Portenia), she advertised in Sydney in January 1848 as "formerly pupil" of Frederic Kalkbrenner, and John Bernard Logier, offering young ladies "class instruction in Practice and Theory of Music".


Register of baptisms, 1809, St Michael Cornhill; register 1803-12, page 6; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Jane Lightfoot Daughter of William & Sarah Lightfoot Clarke was born 14th March 1805 and Christened 19th December 1809
Sarah Eliza Daughter of . . . born 6th January 1807 and Christened 19th December 1809
William Son of . . . born 6 December 1808 and Christened 19th December 1809

"FROM THE HOBART TOWN GAZETTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 4

It it hereby notified to the under-mentioned I individual, that it is the Lieutenaut-Governor's intention to recommend him to the gracious consideration of Her Majesty the Queen for a Condition Pardon, available within the limits of the Australian Colonies: - William Phelps Pickering, Portenia.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1848), 1

Mrs. PHELPS PICKERING (formerly pupil of Kalkbrenner, and J. B. Logier),
proposes to receive a limited number of young ladies for class instruction of Practice and Theory of Music.
Terms, and hours of attendance, to be ascertained at the residence of
Mrs. P. Pickering, Palmer-street, near William-street, Wooloomooloo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1848), 3

WHEREAS an action has been commenced in this Court ot the suit of the above named Francis Shea against the above named William Phelps Pickering, to recover the sum of twenty-four pounds seven shillings, being the amount of a promissory note dated the nineteenth day of April last, made by the aaid William Phelps Pickering in favour of Patrick Hickey, and payable four months after the date thereof. And it being alleged that the said William Phelps Pickering does not reside within this colony or its dependencies, a writ of foreign attachment has been issued, returnable on the twenty-second day of November, instant, wherein George Kenyon Holden, of Sydney, in the colony aforesaid, Esq., and Jane Pickering, of Sydney, aforesaid, wife of the said William Phelps Pickering, are garnishees . . .

"SHIPPING NEWS. ARRIVALS", Wellington Independent (10 March 1849), 4

March 5, brig Louis and Miriam, 150 tons, Pilfold, from Sydney. Passengers . . . Mrs. Pickering . . .

[News], Wellington Independent (16 December 1854), 3 

A very pleasing reunion of the Members of the Mechanics' Institute took place in their Hall on Thursday evening . . . several pieces of music were ably performed on the organ by Mrs. Pickering; and the band of the 65th Regt. poured out their spirit-stirring strains . . .

"DIED", Wellington Independent (22 May 1871), 2 

PICKERING - On the 21st May, at Molesworth street, Wellington, Jane Lightfoot, the wife of William Phelps Pickering, of Loxley Hall, Kaiwarra, aged 68 years.



Active Hobart, TAS, 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


"AN ETHIOPIAN", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (9 November 1850), 3 

John Picket of Ethiopian dye, was charged by constable Greengrass with being "toxicated" on Monday evening last, and with having, when in that state, indulged in unlawfully serenading in the public streets, thereby causing what the constable termed, a disturbance of the peace. Master Picket seemed quite indignant at his melodious accents being misrepresented to the bench, and he would have willingly indulged in an exhibition of his musical powers before the bench, had not the Police Magistrate felt satisfied on that point, and imposed a fine of 5 shillings for each offence. Poor Picket appeared much crest-fallen at the decision of his worship.


Minstrel serenader, flautist, flute player (Howard's Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, June to September 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (4 June 1852), 1 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. 175TH CONCERT IN SYDNEY. GRAND EVENING CONCERT, THIS EVENING, FRIDAY, June 4th, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel. PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - (Medley) - Company . . .
Part II . . . Trio - Flute, Flutina and Tambo - Pierce, Howard, and Howard . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles and George Mason (alias Howard); Howard's Serenaders

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1852), 1

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. Increased attraction the Sydney Friday Concerts -
Favourite and eccentric Programmes.
The Company consists of five performers, each and all unrivalled, viz.,
Charles V. Howard, tambourine; J. W. Sandford, Guitar; E. W. Pierce, Flute; Walter Howson, Banjo; and J. P. Hall, Bones.
187th Ethiopean Entertainment, THIS EVENING, Friday August 27, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
PROGRAMME. Part I. Overture - Caliph of Bagdad - Company . . .
Part II . . . Trio - Flute, Guitar, and Bones - Pierce, Sandford and Hall . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Walter Howson (musician); J. W. Sandford (musician); J. P. Hall (musician)

"THE SERENADERS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (18 September 1852), 3 

The 192nd serenade, for the benefit of Mr. E. W. Pierce, the Flautist, comes off at the Royal Hotel on Monday night, when we trust that that deserving and finished performer will have a bumper house. His abilities are of no mean order, and contribute to make Howard's entertainments so justly popular as they are universally admitted to be.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1852), 1

HOWARD'S SERENADERS . . . 193rd Grand Evening Musical Soiree.
For the Benefit of Mr. WALTER HOWSON, Banjo Player, THIS EVENING, Fiiday, September 24 . . .
PROGRAMME. Part I. Overture, Fra Diavolo - Company . . . Part II . . . Duet - Flute and Guitar- Pierce and Sandford . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1852), 1 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. Last Night of the Season. For the Benefit of Mr. J. P. Hall - Bones . . .
Part I. Overture, Fra Diavolo - Company . . . Part II . . . Duet - Flute and Guitar - Pierce and Sandford . . .

PIERCE, John Ottis (John Ottis PIERCE; ? Otis; Mr. J. O. PIERCE)

Musician, vocalist, minstrel performer (New York Serenaders, Totten's Harmoneons, San Francisco Minstrels), multi-instrumentalist, concertina and flutina player, musical director

Arrived (1) George Town, near Launceston, TAS, 26 February 1851 (per Spartan, from California, via Tahiti)
Departed (1) Fremantle, WA, 10 December (per Royal Saxon, for Calcutta)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 2 May 1853 (per Marlborough, from Calcutta, 12 March)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1853 (per Mary and Ellen, from Melbourne)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, July-August 1861 (? with Dave Carson, 6 August, per Prince Consort, for Calcutta, India)
Active India, until 1875 or later (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (1 March 1851), 133

THE NEW YORK SERENADERS take pleasure in announcing to the citizens of Launeeston and its vicinity their arrival at this place, and will have the honour of appearing in Ethiopian character at the "Cornwall Hotel," on TUESDAY evening next.
This company is among the first which were organised in New York, and have given very successful Concerts throughout the United states, South America, California, and the islands of the Pacific, and are now visiting the Australian Colonies en route to the East Indies and the Continent of Europe.
From long experience in the business they are enabled to give a legitimate American Negro performance. All the music of the day having been sent them from New York, a new and varied programme will be offered.
The company is composed of the following gentlemen:
W. H. White, Violin - C. Cushing, 1st Banjo
J. P. Nash, Guitar - J. Kitts, 2nd ditto
J. O. Pierce, Tamborine - J. C. Lee, Bone castanets
PROGRAMME OF PERFORMANCE, On Tuesday evening, March 4, 1851.
Overture - Introducing selections from the Operas
of I Puritani, and La Dame Blanche - Full band
Let's be gay, from Robert le Diable - Mr. Nash
Julius' Bride - Mr. Cushing
Mary Blane - Mr. Kitts
Trio - Colored Fancy Ball - Messrs. Nash, Kitts, and Pierce.
Juliana, Phebiana, Constantina Brown - Mr. Pierce
Virginia Rosebud, from the Bronze Horse - Mr. Nash
Phantom Chorus, from La Sonambula - Company
Stop dat knocking an Operatic Burlesque - Mr. Pierce
Banjo Solo - Mr. Cushing
Trio - Violin, Guitar, and Bones - Messrs. White, Nash, and Lee
Burlesque on Mesmerism - Company
Bulgine, Slambang, Humbug - Overture - Full band
Give is chaw tobacco - Mr. Cushing
History of the world - Mr. Pierce
Old Napper - Mr. Lee
Picayune Butler - Mr. Pierce
Bowling Green - Mr. Cushing
Nigger from de Souf - Mr. Pierce
Old tar River - Mr. Lee
Tickets to be obtained at the "Cornwall Hotel," "Launceston Hotel," and at the door, on the evening of performance.
Price of admission, 2s. Doors open at Seven o'clock, commence at half-past Seven. March 1, 1851.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Cushing (minstrel); James Edward Kitts (minstrel); W. H. White (minstrel); J. C. Lee (minstrel); J. P. Nash (minstrel); New York Serenaders

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (8 March 1851), 2 

The New York Serenaders
RESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE another Concert for this (Saturday) evening, when the following programme will be presented.
Introductory Overture - Selectlons from "I Puritani" and "La Dame Blanche" - Full Band.
Darkies Life - music from "Maritana" - Company.
Gal wid de blue dress on - Mr. Pierce.
Mary Blane - Mr. Kitts.
Virginia Rose-bud - music from "The Bronze Horse" - Mr. Nash.
Louisiana Belle - Mr. Cushing.
Dearest Mae - Mr. Nash.
Stop dat Knocking (an operatic burlesque) - Mr. Pierce.
Overture "La Fille de la Regiment" - Full band.
Sugar Cane Green - Mr. Kitts.
Nelly was a Lady - Mr. Pierce.
Julia Green - Mr. Nash.
Rosa Love - Mr. Cushing.
Juliana Phebiana Constantina Brown - Messrs. Pierce & Kitts.
Grey Goose - Mr. Lee.
Carry me back - Company.
Tickets of admission, 2s. Children, half price . . .

"NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (22 March 1851), 2

. . . Mr. Pierce's imitation of darky humour was inimitable. The richness of his chuckle - the all-overjoyousness and triumph of his short laugh on the "other darkies" giving a wrong answer to a conundrum, as suddenly arrested as excited - the laborious attention with which he bent forward to listen to an answer - the mighty mouthing of his words, lips put up and down, and teeth glistening - the vivacity of every action and the impulsive character of his whole acting, were the African to perfection; leaving us nothing to wish but that he were the genuine article, the real potato. The other darkies must have been republican born, and felt it necessary to support the dignity of the everlasting Yankee nation; they had nothing, except skin and wool, in common with "their broder." Mr. Pierce's treble is a voice of fine quality and great compass. Mr. Kitts' bass is, if possible, more admirable . . .

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS . . .", The Courier (19 March 1851), 3 

. . . On this occasion the selection from the overture of "La Figlia" and "The Bohemian Girl", afforded the leading instrumentalists, Messrs. White and Pierce, an opportunity for displaying their talents. Mr. White's execution on the violin was faultless; his part was played with infinite skill, taste, and feeling; whilst the tone and fingering on the flute in the selection from the "Bohemian Girl", which was deservedly applauded, and drew down a rapturous encore, were so soft and remarkable for precision, as to convince the most sceptical that Mr. Pierce is a master of his instrument.

"NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (22 March 1851), 2 

. . . There are six performers in the company, and the instruments used were two banjos, a violin, guitar, bone castanets, tamborine and flute. The latter are played alternately by Mr. Pierce . . .

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

On Friday evening we again attended one of the entertainments at the Victoria Theatre, and enjoyed the vocal and instrumental performances of these professionals. On this occasion the selection from the overture of "La Figlia" and "The Bohemian Girl," afforded the leading instrumentalists, Messrs. White and Pierce, an opportunity for displaying their talents. Mr. White's execution on the violin was faultless; his part was played with infinite skill, taste, and feeling; whilst the tone and fingering on the flute in the selection from the "Bohemian Girl," which was deservedly applauded, and drew down a rapturous encore, were so soft and remarkable for precision, as to convince the most sceptical that Mr. Pierce is a master of his instrument. Among tho vocal treats . . . Mr. Pierce gave "The Mail Coach Travel" with very pleasing as well as risible expression. The trio of "The Coloured Fancy Ball," by Messrs. Nash, Pierce, and Kitts, was the best song of the evening, harmoniously sung, and irresistible . . .

"Shipping Intelligence . . . DEPARTURES", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate [Hobart, TAS] (9 June 1851), 2 

June 6 - Brig Maid of Erin, Ellis, for Sydney, with sundries. Cabin, Messrs. Charles Cushing, J. C. Pierce [sic], J. C. Lee, J. Kitts, W. White, W. Williams, J. P. Nash . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

Ethiopian Grand Musical Soirees.
THE NEW YORK SERENADERS, experience much gratification in acknowledging the very flattering reception with which they have been greeted on the occasions of their SIX FIRST APPEARANCES In Sydney, and respectfully announce the following Entertainments for the ensuing week, on each evening of which the Programme will be diversified, retaining only those melodies stamped as sterling by the approbation of their audience.
The Company is composed of the following gentlemen :
W. White - Violin.
J. P. Nash - Guitar.
C. Cushing - First Banjo.
J. E. Kitts - Second Banjo.
J. O. Pierce - Tamborine.
J. C. Lee - Bone Castanets.
Admission - 2s. . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

October 26. - Royal Saxon, barque, 510 tons, Captain Charlesworth, for Calcutta via Hobart Town. Passengers . . . Messrs. J. C. Kitts, J. P. Nash, J. C. Lee, W. H. White, W. J. Reading, J. C. Pierce [sic] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: J. W. Reading [sic] (minstrel)

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (15 November 1851), 3

. . . Mr. Pierce, the musical "Nigger of all, work," plays the German Flute, the French Accordion, add the Turkish Tambourine.

"THE NEW YORK ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News [WA] (12 December 1851), 4 

A party of minstrels under the above name, arrived in the colony on Saturday last, per Royal Saxon, from Sydney, on their way to Calcutta, and on the evenings of Monday and Tuesday last, enlivened our metropolis with two vocal and instrumental concerts. It is no cause for surprise that the Court House, where the concerts were given, were crammed with hearers on both occasions, for in addition to the novelty of this kind of entertainment, the vocal as well as instrumental performances could not have failed to have given general satisfaction; the solos on the violin, flutina, and banjo, were applauded in the most hearty manner. Both evenings' entertainment were under the immediate patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Mrs. FitzGerald, who with their suite, were present on Monday evening.

India and USA (1852-53):

[News], Bombay Gazette [India] (21 July 1852), 3

The New York Serenaders, as will be seen from our advertising columns, have arrived in Bombay, and propose entertaining the public, shortly, with a series of musical concerts. The company, organised in the United States in 1848, are now on a tour round the world. From the States they passed over to California, and made a trip to the Sandwich Islands, where they had the honor of a visit from King Kamehameha. In February 1851, they made their debut at Launceston, at which place, and at Hobart Town and Sydney, their performances were most successful, and received most distinguished patronage. In November they left New South Wales for Calcutta, and from the presidency proceeded to Madras and Ceylon, sustaining even before so criticising a public as that of which India boasts, the reputation earned by them in more indulgent climes. With such brilliant antecedents, they have little to fear that their accomplishments and skill will be unappreciated by the good people of this city. We wish them that success which we believe they deserve, and which, we feel se equally persuaded they will enjoy. The subjoined extract of a notice of their last performance at Hobart Town, which appeared in one of the local leaflets, bears testimony to their abilities, and will prepare our readers for the coming soiree:

"They seemed to do every thing with ease, and betrayed no outward manifestation of anxiety. Rousseau says "the more time is beaten, the less it is kept." The New Yorkers appear to agree with the Frenchman. Their instrumental efforts were alike successful. Mr. White, who we believe possesses an absorbing but quiet enthusiasm for music - is a violinist of high order. His play is not less lemarkable tbr extraordinary volume and power, than for sweetness, and oiliness of touch. Mr. Reading has assumed Mr. Cushing's place as banjoist. Mr. Kitts performs the second instrument of that character, and is a bass singer of no mean capacity. Mr. Nash is the performer upon the guitar, and a sweet and pleasing singer; his "Virginia Rosebud," - "I would I were a Boy again," - "Dinah Crow," - "Nelly was a Lady" - "Jenny Lane," etc., will long be referred to with delight. Mr. Lee beats the bones, in which he is sometimes linked with the first banjo, who is also clever on these nondescript instruments; and Mr. Pierce, the musical "Nigger of all work," plays the German Flute, the French Accordion, and the Turkish Tambourine. Their physical capabilities and grotesque delineations of negro character must be seen to be appreciated."

[News], Bombay Gazette [India] (20 October 1852), 3

THE SECOND ETHIOPIAN SERENADE, since the return of the New York Serenaders to Bombay, came off on Monday evening at the Grant Read Theatre . . . Mr. Nash's admirable songs were invariably encored. Mr. Lee's dexterous performances on bones kept the house in roars of laughter. We are sorry that from our position it was impossible to catch Mr. Pierce's Puns and Conundrums, but , what is of more importance, those to whom they were intelligible appeared highly delighted. In his attempts to outvie Mr. Lee with the bones in the "Trio" Mr. Reading was very successful; he is decidedly a very humorous player. "The Locomotive Rail Road Overture" was very ingenious and entertaining. The "Picayune Butler" sung by Mr. Pierec was a special favorite.

Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, (2 May 1853):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (3 May 1853), 4 

May 2 - Marlborough ship, 1250 tons, Allen Young, from Calcutta, 12th March. Passenger - cabin . . . J. W. Reading, J. O. Pearce, J. C. Lee. J. E. Kitts, J. P. Nash . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1853), 2 

May 16. - Mary and Ellen, schooner, 140 tons, Captain Tucker, from Melbourne 11th instant. Passengers . . . Messrs. Kitts, Pearce, Lee, Redding, Watson, and 15 in the steerage. Morris and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1853), 1

THE New York Serenaders beg respectfully to announce to the ladies and gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that they have returned from a successful tour through India.
In Calcutta they were patronised by the Most Noble the Governor-General of India and the Marchioness of Dalhousie; in Madras, by Sir Henry Pottinger, K.C.B., Governor of that Presidency; by Sir William Anderson, C.B., Governor of Ceylon; by the Honourable Lord Falkland, Governor of Western India; and the elite of all places visited by the Company.
Thu New York Serenaders beg to announce that they will give a short series of Entertainments prior to their departure for America.
Introductory Overture - By the Company
Opening chorus, "Ever be happy" (Music from the Enchantress) - Company
Poor Aunt Dinah - Mr. Pierce
The Dandy Broadway Swell - Mr. Kitts
All the Old Folks are gone - Mr. Nash
Jenny get your hoe cake done - Mr. Reading
The Darky Schoolmaster, trio - Messrs. Kitts, Nash, and Pierce
Poor Mary Cook - Mr. Nash
Stop dat Knocking - Mr. Pierce
(intermission of ten minutes.)
Duet, flutina and guitar - Messrs. Pierce and Nash.
Medley Overture and Chorus - Company
Black-eyed Susannah - Mr. Nash
The Old Folks at Home - Mr. Kitts
Way down in Cario - Mr. Reading
Picayune Butler - Mr. Pierce
Jenny Lane - Mr. Nash
Old Tar Riber - Mr. Lee
The Niggers from the South - Mr. Pierce
Prices of admission: - Reserved Seats, 4s.; Stall Seats, 3s.; Back Seats, 2s. . . .

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal [NSW] (10 September 1853), 2 

The monotony of our Bathurst existence has been broken during the past week by the performances of the New York Serenaders, who on Monday night last hanselled Mr. White's Theatre Royal, with a bumping house and have since been performing nightly. Their programmes have consisted of popular duets, glees and quartettes, and negro melodies. Of the latter they have an excellent assortment, many of which have never before been heard in Bathurst. Their choruses are generally executed in a superior style, the beauty of which consists in their well attuned voices, the result of long practice. Mr. Kitts bass is full, deep, and powerful, and Mr. Pierce has a respectable tenor, and plays very tastefully on the concertino [sic]; but the forte of the company evidently consists in chorus singing. By their advertised notices we perceive that they purpose visiting the Turon in a few days, where we doubt not their presence will be gladly hailed.

"NEW YORK SERENADERS", Illustrated Sydney News (29 October 1853), 6

We were glad to see such an excellent attendance in the Royal Hotel, on Monday last. The programme was well selected, and the company, individually, went through it with much spirit. "Old Folks at Home," "Phantom Chorus," "Nelly was a Lady," "Way Down in Cairo," "Life by the Galley Fire," and "Old Tar River," were sung with the same good taste which so evidently marked the success of Rainer's party. We admired Mr. Pierce's solo on the flutina. He bids fair to rival our old friend Bryant. The evening's enjoyments were sustained with the usual quiet joke and repartee. The concert announced for Wednesday evening was put off till last night, in consequence of the inclement state of the weather.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (11 March 1854), 6

GRAND MOVING PANORAMA of the AFRICAN AND AMERICAN SLAVE TRADE, in the great saloon of the Royal Hotel, every Evening next week. Ethiopian Melodies, &c., by Mr. Kitts.
Solos on the Concertina and Flutina each Evening, by Mr. J. P. Pierce [sic], late of the New York Serenaders.
Cards of Admission - 2s. to all parts of the House . . .
J. E. KITTS, Agent.

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (1 June 1854), 8 

CRITERION HALL, Great Collins-street. Thursday Evening, June 1st, 1854.
Unrivalled Success of TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS . . .
Kitts, Pierce, Thayer, and Dixon . . . Baker . . . Lee . . . Clarke . . .
Musical Director - Mr. J. O. Pierce . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elbert Totten (manager); Mark Thayer (minstrel); Frederick Dixon (minstrel); Mr. Baker (minstrel); Mr. Clarke (minstrel); Totten's Harmoneons

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (7 September 1854), 1

THIS EVENING (Thursday), September 7th, 1853.
The Company consists of the following gentlemen of acknowledged talent
Messrs. Pierce - Concertina and Flutina.
Kitts - Guitar.
Thayer - Violin.
Clark - Banjo.
Baker - Tambourine.
Lee - Bone Castanets . . .
The Music consists chiefly of the gems of different Operas, which have been parodied and adapted to the Ethiopian character . . .
E. TOTTEN, Manager.

"TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS", South Australian Register (14 November 1854), 3 

This company completed their short but successful season last evening . . . Pierce, in a short valedictory address, acknowledged gratefully on the part of the company, the success which has attended their South Australian campaign; and the enter tainment concluded with "The Coloured Fancy Ball," which was repeated in compliance with an enthusiastic requisition . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (16 November 1854), 1 

THIS IS TO CERTIFY that we, the undersigned, do from this day resign all connection with the Company of Serenaders, known as TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS, having by mutual consent DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP. ELBERT TOTTEN. JOHN O. PIERCE.

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC], (9 December 1854), 8 

CREMORNE GARDENS. - Grand Gala and Nocturnal Fete. To-night, Saturday, entire change of Entertainments. Engagement of the Celebrated Herr Veit Rahm, the Tyrolese Singer and performer on the New Instrument, the Zither, in his national costume, as performed before Her Majesty, Mr. J. O. Pierce, the Renowned soloist on the Concertino and Flutina, will also have the honor of appearing, Mr. James Shaw, the admired Comic Vocalist, from the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, is also engaged . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Veit Rahm (zither); James Shaw (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (24 February 1855), 8

CONCERT HALL, Theatre Royal. Renewed Attraction . . .
Tho following Vocal Artistes are under engagement: -
Mrs. Hancock; Miss Louisa Swannell; Mrs. Onn; Mr. Hancock; Mr. Lyall; Mr. Sayers;
Mr. Pierce; Mr. Bryant; M. De Granville; Band of Twenty Solo Performers . . .
Mr. J. O. Pierce, in Local Songs . . .
Director, Mr. Callen.
Programme . . . Part I . . . Comic Song: "Life in Australia" - Mr. Pierce
Part II. . . . Solo, Concertina - Mr. Pierce . . .
Comic Song, "Two years ago" - Mr. Pierce . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Douglas Callen (conductor); Mary and Edward Hancock (vocalists); Louisa Swannell (vocalist); Constantia Onn (vocalist); Charles Lyall (vocalist); W. F. Sayer (vocalist); Mr. Bryant (not Jerry or Neil Bryant); Emile de Granville (vocalist)

"POLICE COURTS. ADELAIDE: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14. CHARGE OF CONSPIRACY", Adelaide Observer (15 September 1855), 4 supplement 

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Holthouse [Ottis] Peirce, were charged, on the information of Emanuel Solomon, with falsely and fraudulently conspiring to carry off Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, for the sake of the property she was entitled to as the daughter of the complainant; and also with conspiring to bring about a marriage between Miss Solomon and the said John Holthouse Peirce. The Crown Solicitor appeared for the prosecution; Mr. Sandford appeared for Mr. and Mrs. Totten; Mr. Moulden for Mr. and Mrs. Duryea; and Mr. Smith for Mr. Peirce. Emanuel Solomon stated that he is an auctioneer, and resides in Gilles-arcade. Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon is his daughter. She was 16 years of age on the 26th of last July. He (complainant) knew the defendant, Mr. Totten; knew Mr. Duyea and his wife. Had some knowledge of Mr. Peirce as a professional musician. None of those parties were intimate with him or his family, so far as he knew. He never permitted an intimacy between his daughter and Mr. Peirce, nor did be know of it until the previous Friday night . . .

Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, who occupied a chair on the Bench, stated that she lived with her father, and was 16 last birthday. First knew Mr. Peirce about twelve months ago. Saw him at the Theatre. Her father did not know that she was acquainted with him. He never visited at her father's house. Had meetings with him at North Adelaide; the meetings were proposed by Mr. Peirce, and were not known to Mr. or Mrs. Solomon. Mr. Peirce, during these meetings, made no particular proposition to her . . .

The counsel for the defendants here protested against the mode in which the examination was conducted, as the actual answers of the witness were not heard. An alterations of position was made, and the examination was resumed - Mr. Peirce proposed to meet her (witness) at Mrs. Totten's, and she met him there about eight months ago. He made no other proposition to her. He talked to her of marriage . . . Mr. Peirce left the colony about seven months ago. After that time she received letters from him. She destroyed the letters after reading them. Believed they had been written by Mr. Peirce, having seen him write. She had answered some of the letters. The letters she received were addressed to Mr. Totten's . . .

"POLICE COURTS . . . WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 . . . CHARGE OF CONSPIRACY", Adelaide Observer (22 September 1855), 4 

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Holthouse [Ottis] Pierce, appeared on remand, charged with conspiring to carry off Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon . . . The defendants were bound over in their own recognizances to answer any charge that might be preferred against them at the Sessions.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emanuel Solomon (c. 1800-1873; NSW convict, per Lady Castlereagh, 1818); Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon (born SA, 1839; died NSW, 1914; married Samuel Myers, SA, 1858); Townsend Duryea (photographer)

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (30 November 1855), 3

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Ottis Pierce were charged with conspiracy, and pleaded not guilty. John Ottis Pierce was absent, and therefore his plea was not recorded, although evidence respecting him as principal was allowed to be given . . .

The case was opened by the reading of the several counts charging the defendants above-named with a conspiracy to inveigle and take away Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, an infant under age, and unmarried, from her father's (Emanuel Solomon's) care, and against his will and consent, for the purpose of marrying the said Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon to John Ottis Pierce, one of the defendants, for motives of lucre and gain . . .

"BENEFIT OF MR. J. O. PIERCE", Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (21 August 1856), 3

This gentleman who for some 18 months has been a popular singer at the Shamrock Hall concerts, takes his benefit to-night . . . There are local songs by Thatcher, various musical pieces by Mr. Hancock and Messrs. Howson and Lyall, choruses by the whole company, and last, not least, comic songs by Mr. Pierce himself. Then there is the excellent playing on the cornet a-piston by the Messrs. Kohler, and the beautiful accompaniment of Mr. Salaman on the piano-forte . . . Mr. Pierce, too, is well entitled to the patronage of the Bendigo public, for he has been assiduous in his efforts to please and he has been exceedingly successful. He has a fund of comic humor, and is rather clever at original composition. The success and popularity of the concerts at this place have been in a considurable degree owing to him, and the public should not forget old friends to whom they owe the obligation of having beguiled nmny an otherwise tedious hour. We believe that the greater portion of the old company are about to leave, at all events for a time, and this is announced as Mr. Pierce's last benefit . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Thatcher (comic vocalist); Frank Howson (vocalist); Richard and John Kohler (cornets); Edward Salaman (piano)

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (2 February 1857), 3 

The Ovens Constitution, in speaking in the most favorable terms of the vocal efforts of Miss Octavia Hamilton, and M. Emile Coulon, at the El Dorado, Beechworth, enters a very strong but just protest against the style of Mr. Pierce's comic singing. Our contemporary says: - "He is, without doubt, a very talented comic singer, with a huge conception of the ridiculous, but an overpowering leaning towards the vulgar, if not the obscene. Mr. Pierce has mistaken the style of song suitable for a Beechworth audience. We all appreciate anything comic; but, when we are in the company of the softer sex, we tremble while listening to vulgar songs, lest each succeeding line should produce something worse. We have no hesitation whatever in characterising a few of the songs sung by Mr. Pierce, on the evening in question, as disgustingly obscene in their inferences, and scarcely less refined in their language. It is a pity that M. Coulon should have permitted this to take place, since it places a great bar in the way of the fair sex attending his concerts a second time, and thus deprives many of what is in reality, with the exception we have named, a very great treat. The piano accompaniments and the operatic solos of Herr Collin, deserve especial notice . . ."

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Leopold Collin (piano)

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1857), 8 

The Committee of the New South Wales Alliance for the Suppression of Intemperance gave a musical entertainment last evening in the School of Arts. The musical performances by the brothers Kohler and Mr. J. O. Pierce were superior, and elicited great applause from the audience, which was pretty numerous . . .

"THE XYLOPHONISTS", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (24 September 1857), 3 

We regret that pressure on our space for the lats few days has prevented our noticing at length the performances of these talented musicians at the Montezuma Theatre. This much we briefly assure the public, that they discourse nightly most novel and eloquent wood-music, the Xylophones being none other than wooden instruments; while, on the cornet-a-pistons, the Brothers Kohler may claim to be without rivals in Victoria. Mr. J. O. Pierce, who is associated with them, is more than tolerable as a solo-singer . . .

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (1 April 1859), 3 

Supported by MR. J. O. PIERCE, The Renowned Vocal and Instrumental Performer,
and MR. J. SMALL, The Great Irish Comtdian and Characteristic Vocalist, and
MONSR. F. LINDEN [sic], The celebrated Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joe Small (vocalist); Otto Linden (piano)

[Advertisement], The Age (26 May 1859), 1 

HIPPODROME. Lonbdale Street . . . Wednesday and Thursday, May 25 and 26.
Elegant and Classical Olympian Sports, worthy the palmy days of Ancient Rome.
Nightly Achievements at the Hippodrome.
J. O. PIERCE Will sing his New Song, which was received with shouts of applause last night . . .

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . HEATHCOTE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (24 September 1859), 2

An excellent company of serenaders have been performing at the Heathcote hotel for the last month, consisting of Messrs. Small, Pierce, Dixon, Carson, Brown, and Kitts, and are still drawing good attendances. They present the most varied and attractive Ethiopian entertainment we have had on this gold field. Herr W. Gollmick is the pianist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Dave Carson (minstrel); Brown (minstrel); William Gollmick (piano)

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . HEATHCOTE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (15 October 1859), 2 

Messrs. Kitts, Small, Pierce, Dixon, and Herr Gollmick (pianist), are still at the Heathcote Hotel, drawing good audiences . . .

"THE BACKUS MINSTRELS", Bell's Life in Tasmania [Hobart, TAS] (28 December 1859), 3 

The first performance of this Minstrel company took place at the theatre on Monday . . . Miss Backus [sic] and Mr. Pierce were repeatedly welcomed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Backus (minstrel); Backus Minstrels

"THE RISLEY TROUPE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (18 April 1860), 2 

Professor Risley and his troupe will repeat their entertainment this evening at the Tasmanian Assembly Rooms, Bathurst Street, assisted by Mr. J. O. Pierce and his wonderful dog Don.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Risley Carlisle (gymnast)

[News], Empire (14 May 1860), 4 

Every class of entertainment must have its representative, as every science has its exponent, every art its master, and each will undoubtedly command the sympathies of a large number of followers and admirers according to the skill displayed by them in their respective spheres. All that is required to retain them is a due amount of proficiency of superiority, and Professor Risley and his assistants possess these in a very high degree. The Temperance Ball was, on Saturday evening, well attended, and these entertainments, when fully known, will no doubt attract crowded audiences, as every one on the present oocasion appeared delighted with the amusement offered. The performance commenced with the exhibition of the really extraordinary executive musical powers of Mr. J. O. Pierce, known here as being connectcd formerly with a company of sable minstrels, who, in addition to his very delightful solo on the concertina, equal in point of musical perfection to that of any artist on this instrument, gave specimens of his ability on other instruments not known here, but which well deserve a word or two. The Rock Harmonicon, on which Mr. Pierce played " Old Dog Tray," "Scottish Melodies," and other pieces, was invented by one Richardson, a stonemason, who, with his sons (all gifted with most musical ears), whilst hewing the rocks in the quarries of Cumberland, was attracted by the musical sounds emitted. The family set to work, and did not rest till they had shapen the requisite number or keys in every gradation of the musical scale, an operation of the greatest difficulty, the stones frequently breaking, and the greatest nicety being required to effect purity of tone. A frame-work having been made the stone-keys were placed on ropes covered with straw, in two rows, the semi-tones being placed above. With this monster "rock band," as it was called - producing the tone of a full orchestra - the Messrs. Richardson - their music having been arranged a trois mains - created a furore throughout Europe. A similar instrument but on s smaller scale, is used by Mr. Pierce, and certainly if ever stones spoke they do under his manipulative powers. A second novelty introduced by him is the Sardinian tabor pipe, playing the most delightful variations on popular melodies, imitations of birds, &c. Of this instrument we need say that it is known by the name of the "Picco," being the little pipe with which the blind Sardinian minstrel Picco (whose portrait at the time appeared in the Illustrated London News) delighted and astonished all Europe. Another instrument, foreign to our orchestras waa introduced by Mr. Pierce - an Hawaiian pianoforte, with wooden keys and, like the rock harmonicon played with the hammer. A similar instrument we remember to have seen in boyhood's days, at the East India Museum in London. Simple as its construction is, Mr. Pierce made the wood discourse most musically. Indeed, this part of the entertainment alone is worthy of many visits; and in its description we have left ourselves no space to describe the very elegant gymnastic evolutions of Professor Risley, his son, and M. Devoni . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Richardson and the Rock harmonicon

"MISS HAMILTON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1860), 8 

Miss Octavia Hamilton, one of the late opera company of the Prince of Wales Theatre, gave a farewell concert last evening at the Exchange Hall . . . The second part of the concert formed a kind of Olla Podrida, consisting of a duo, from "Murino Fialiero," very beautifully given by Signori Coulon and Grossi. A solo on the concertina, which received an encore, and on the rock harmonicon, by Mr. J. O. Pierce, a German song by Herr Schluter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Adolph Schluter (vocalist)

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (27 August 1860), 4 

The programme for Friday night consisted of fifteen selections, and concluded with the laughable ballet of "The Village Coquette." The songs "Lilly Bell" and "Wait for the Waggon," were very tastefully rendered; and the already celebrated "Nip-up-dee-doe-den-dum," elicited roars of laughter from the audience. The performance on the rock harmonicon and the pine-stick by Mr. Pierce were very pretty, and the music discoursed by these rude instruments was astonishingly sweet and effective. "The Grand Challenge Dance," by Messrs. Burbank and Carson, was tumultuously applauded, and the "Village Coquette" kept the house in roars for nearly an hour. The success of the San Francisco Minstrels continues uninterrupted, and they draw crowded houses nightly. It is understood that a dramatic company will shortly be formed.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (22 September 1860), 2 

Mr. Colville has become the lessee of this theatre, and he has initiated his reign with a bold stroke in favour of "black lyrics." The San Francisco Minstrels form a band of some seven or eight performers, and what they do is undoubtedly very clever. Mr. Walsh, who, since we daw him last, has adopted burnt cork - we trust to the advantage of his complexion - has a beautiful baritone, and sings in an unaffected, altbough not uncultivated, style. Mr. O. Burbank is an excellent dancer and a capital burlesque actor, and Mr. D. Carson, as a low comedian, need not fear comparison with any competitor of the same line. Mr. Demerest's utilities as a mock danseuse are well-known, and Mr. J. O. Pierce unites in himself many of the qualities of a good vocal and instrumental musician. The house has been exeedingly well attended.


Mr. Colville, of the Sydney Theatre, is now the lessee of this house, and opened with a troop of Nigger melodists calling themselves the Californian Minstrels. There are nine of them; those worthy of notice, if any, are Walsh, a baritone; O. Burbank, dancer and burlesque actor; D. Carson, low comedian; Demerest, mock danseuse; and J. O. Pierce, a very fair instrumentalist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Colville (lessee); George Washington Demerest (minstrel); Otto Burbank (minstrel); Charles Walsh (minstrel); San Francisco Minstrels

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . HAMILTON", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (19 January 1861), 2 

The "metropolitans," Messrs. Johnson, Kitts, Linden, and Master Charlie Johnson, with Mr. Pierce and his wonderful canine performer, "Signora Don," have been playing to good audiences in this township. They are announced to appear at Portland on Monday next, the 21st, after which they proceed to Belfast and Warrnambool.

ASSOCIATIONS: Dog's name a reference to the actor and vocalist Emily Don

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1861), 8 

Are nightly applauded to the echo of
Johnson's last Comical and Musical Sketch
The great Irish Delineator,
Commences on Saturday.
Admission free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Percival (vocalist); Jovial Johnson (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 June 1861), 8

BENEFIT of Mr. T. P. BROWER, Of the San Francisco Minstrels,
On which occasion the following artistes will appear: -
Dave Carson, J. O. Pierce, G. W. Demerest, Billy White, W. Robson, A. Martin, and J. Lockyer,
In conjunction with the GREAT EQUESTRIAN TROUPE.

India and south Asia (1861-75):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . PASSENGERS DEPARTED FROM CALCUTTA", Homeward Mail from India, China and the East (26 February 1863), 8

Per Nubia - For Madras - Capt. Manderson, Mr. J. O. Pierce, Mr. T. P. Brower, Mr. D. Carson, Mr. Palin, and Mr. Campbell . . .


The subject of onr sketch was born in March 1837. He has visited, professionally, almost every part of the globe. Left New York in '53, when only sixteen years of age, for Melbourne, Australia, where he arrived after a voyage of one hundred and five days. After visiting the principal gold mines, and performing with success at each, in 1856 he joined the party consisting of Tom Brower (Frank's brother, since dead), Otto Burbank (now with George Christy), W. A. Porter, G. W. Demerest, D. F. Boley, J. O. Pierce, and a number of others. The company was styled the San Francisco Minstrels, under which appellation they performed throughout New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Van Dieman's Land and New Zealand . . . .

. . . Carson and Brower organized a company for India, which left Australia in August, 61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta . . . The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the San Francisco Minstrels, and there is not the slightest doubt that owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostaneee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, '66, tbe boys dislolved partnership, owing to the desire to sea their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral - Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen. Previous to their leaving India Carson and Pierce entered into an agreement with Tom McCollum, the great two horse rider, who had been coining money at Bombay with his circus; to bring out a circus, minstrel and ballet troupe. We clip the following from the Times of India, May 3rd, '66: -

"We are glad to be able to inform our readers that arrangements are in progress for providing Bombay with entertainments of a superior nature during tbe approaching cold season. The names of Messrs. McCollum, Carson and Pierce - the promoters of the scheme - will be a sufficient guarantee tbat it is no mere bubble. These gentleman have determined upon proceeding at once to Europe for the purpoae of organizing an equestrian troupe, for which no one is more qualified than Mr. McCollum, a ballet troupe and a band of minstrels, to be presided over, as usual, by the facetious Dave. This latter gentleman wishes it to be particularly understood that he has no intention of laying aside the characters and impersonations which have made him so well known in India, but that he is merely proceeding to Europe by the overland route to pick up a renewed stock of health, fresh ideas, and the latest novelties . . ."

The arrangement fell through, owing to Pierce banking out at the last moment. Carson left India for Europe on the 6th of May, 1866 . . .

[News], The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (19 August 1867), 5 

[From New York Clipper article above]

[News], The Age (19 August 1867), 5 

WHAT old colonist is there who does not remember jovial Dave Carson? The N. Y. Clipper has some interesting facts relating to him and others once well known in Australia. It appears that Burbank (the best negro minstrel this colony has ever seen) is not dead. It will be remembered that Carson, Brower, and J. O. Pierce organised a company for India, which left Australia in August, '61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta, where they astonished the Hindoos and Mohammedans not a little with their representations of the sports and pastimes of the Ethiopian race in the United States of America. After performing a season at Calcutta, with satisfaction to themselves and the public, they left the "City of Palaces" for a tour through Hindostan. The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the "San Francisco Minstrels," and there is not the slightest doubt that, owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostanee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, 1866, the boys dissolved partnership, owing to the desire to see their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral; Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen. Mr. Carson proposes leaving New York for Europe early in June, to organise another entertainment for India, in which country he is known as a favourite and established caterer for public amusements. Mr. Carson wears some magnificent diamonds, presented to him by Mr. Cowasjee Manockjee Limjee, a wealthy merchant of Bombay.

"CALCUTTA . . . PASSENGERS ARRIVED", Homeward Mail from India, China and the East (5 January 1874), 26

Per Sultan . . . Dave Carson and troupe, viz., Mr. Dave Carson, Mrs. Dave Carson, Mr. Harry Leslie, Mrs. Harry Leslie, Mr. J. O. Pierce, Mrs. J. O. Pierce, Mr. W. Hogarth, Mr. G. Nowille, Mr. G. H. Henri, Mr. J. C. Talbot . . .

"ORPHEUS OPERETTA COMPANY", Times of India (1 September 1875), 3

On Monday evening the above company, which is performing at Grant Road Theatre, changed their programme, and offered to the public a treat which was fully equal to that of the preceding week. The opening piece was Bishop's "Mynhear von Dunk" sung as a trio, and the rendering of it was such as to put the audience on the alert for something good to follow, as there could be no mistake about the excellent quality of Mr. Norville's tenor and Mr. Hogarth's baritone . . . Mr. Geo. Norville is a very good tenor . . . Harry Leslie was as comic as ever . . . Mr. J. O. Pierce sang a very humourous medly, called "Our Royal Guest, - which he has composed in reference to the approaching visit of the Prinoe of Wales. The same gentleman also performed on the lithophone with very great skill, and we hardly know whether the clear "ring" of the stuccato [sic] passages or the trilling of the legato passages were the more pleasing to the ear . . . The performance ended with a burlesque on the opera "Maritana" . . . It remains to add that Mrs. J. O. Pierce is an excellent acoompaniest, and her playing all throughout was effective. Altogether the entertainment is one deserving of extensive patronage.

Bibliography and resources:

William L. Slout (ed.), Burnt cork and tambourines: a source book for Negro minstrelsy (n.p.: Borgo Press, 2007), 114 (San Francisco Minstrels), 147 (Carson, Dave) (PREVIEW) (PREVIEW)

Matthew W. Wittmann, Empire of culture: U.S. entertainers and the making of the Pacific circuit (Ph.D dissertation, University of Michigan, 2010), 51-53 (DIGITISED)

PIERCE, Richard (Richard PIERCE; PEARCE)

Musician, violinst, fiddler, naval serviceman

Born Gillingham, Kent, England, 28 October 1829
Active Sydney, NSW, 1858 (shareable link to this entry)


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (13 April 1858), 621 

DESCRIPTION of Stragglers from H. M. S. "Iris": -

Richard Pearce, musician, age 29 years, native of Gillingham, Kent, 5 feet 8 inches, black hair, bazel eyes; a very good fidler, and sings comic songs well. Former ship, "Hannibal" . . .

James Dery, private R. M., age 22 years, native of London, 5 feet 7 inches, dark hair, grey eyes; very ugly, round shoulders, and sings comic songs well; has been on the stage.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (17 September 1858), 1521 

DESCRIPTION of Stragglers from Her Majesty's Ship "Iris": -

Richard Pierce, musician, native of Chatham, 27 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches high, black hair, hazel eyes, former ship "Hannibal" . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (7 December 1858), 2158 

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (27 March 1860), 613 

. . . Richard Pierce, musician, native of Gillihgham, Kent, born 28 October, 1829, 5ft. Sin. high, black hail, hazel eyes, former ship, "Hannibal."


Professor of the harp, pianoforte, and guitar

Born ? England, c. 1784/85
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, ? by March 1834
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 23 January 1838 (per Marquis of Hastings, from London and Cowes, 20 September 1837)
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 August 1849, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Cheltenham Journal [England] (22 June 1829), 2

[Advertisement], Cheltenham Journal and Gloucestershire Fashionable Weekly Gazette [England] (22 June 1829), 2

MRS. PIERSON, Teacher of the Spanish Guitar, Piano Forte, and the French Language, HAS the honour to acquaint the Nobility and Gentry, that the Midsummer Vacation having commenced, she is now more disengaged to GIVE PRIVATE LESSONS to YOUNG LADIES and ADULTS on MODERATE TERMS, at home or abroad.
MISS PIERSON continues to give Lessons, as usual, on the HARP, DANCING, and DRAWING.
MONTAGUE COTTAGE, Portland Street, Cheltenham, Next to the Masonic Hall,

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1 

PRIVATE TUITION, ON the Spanish Guitar and Pianoforte, by Mrs. PIERSON, No. 105, Pitt-street, Sydney. Mrs. P. continnes to give Lessons in the French Language, Geography, and the "Use of the Globes.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 February 1835), 3 

BOARD AND LODGING (OR LODGING ONLY), AT PITT-STREET, NEAR THE COURTS AND OFFICES. FOR Gentlemen or Families, in an Establishment of respectabiliiy, conducted by Mrs. Pierson, recently arrived from England, No. 105, Pitt-street, Sydney.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (25 January 1838), 2

From London, on Tuesday, having left Cowes September 20, the ship Marquis of Hastings, Captain Simpson, with merchandise. Passengers . . . Mrs. Eliza Pierson . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 February 1838), 3

A CARD. A LADY rerenlly arrived from London, Mrs. E. Pierson, Teacher of the Harp and Pianoforte, begs to acquaint the Gentry and Families of Sydney and its environs, that she gives Lessons on that fashionable instrument the Harp, either at home or abroad. Mrs. E. P. has likewise imported a quantity of new Music elegantly arranged for the Harp, Piano-forte, and Guitar. Terms may be known at Mrs. Best's, 105, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 July 1838), 1

MRS. E. PIERSON having changed her Residence from Pitt-street to Hunter-street, near Macquarie-street, requests to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of Sydney, that she continues to give Lessons both at home and abroad, on the Harp and Pianoforte, also on the Guitar. Instruction Books and Music may be had for the above Instruments. A fine brilliant toned double-action Harp to be sold, and a beautiful Piccolo Pianoforte on Trusses, made by Wernum [sic] the sole Inventor and Patentee.
N. B. - Wanted a steady Man Servant that can Cook; likewise a Housemaid.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Wornum (pianoforte maker)

[Advertisement], The Colonist (29 December 1838), 4

MRS. E. PIERSON, Professor of the HARP, PIANOFORTE, and GUITAR, requests to inform the Inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that she has removed from Hunter-street, to No. 5, Terry's Buildings, Pitt-street, near Hunter-street, where she continues to give lessons at home and abroad on the Harp, Pianoforie, and Guitar. Mrs. P. has Instruction Books, and Music for the above Instruments.
* Harps and Pianofortes to be let on hire.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 July 1839), 1

MRS. PIERSON, requests to inform her Friends and the inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that she continues to give lessons on the HARP, PIANOFORTE, and GUITAR at home and abroad. Residence at No. 4, Terry's New Buildings, Pitt-street.
N. B. Harps, Pianofortes, and Guitars lent on hire.

Memorial, 9 September 1839, lease and counterpart, Rosetta Terrt to Eliza Pierson; land grants, registers of memorials, 1793-1839; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . situaue on the East side of Pitt Street Sydney now in the occupation of the s'd Eliza Pierson . . . One hundred and sixty pounds per annum payable quarterly to hold for the space of five years from the date of lease . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosetta Terry (widow of Samuel Terry)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 October 1839), 2

A CARD. - Mrs. Pierson requests to inform the Inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that she continues to give Lessons on the Harp, Piano Forte and Guitar, at her residence, 4, Pitt-street, North, three doors from King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 February 1841), 1

[A CARD.] MRS. PIERSON requests to inform the friends of her pupils and the inhabitants of Sydney that she has recommenced giving lessons to young ladies on the pianoforte, harp, and guitar, both at home and abroad. No. 4 Pitt-street, near King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1843), 3 

A CARD. MRS. PIERSON requests to inform the inhabitants of Sydney, that she intends to receive a limited number of young ladies as daily pupils, either to commence or finish their education. They will be taught English and French grammatically, Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, History, ancient and modern, alao plain and fancy Needlework.
£ s. d Terms - for the above general Instruction - per quarter - 2 2 0
Music / Pianoforte - 2 2 0
Harp and Guitar, each - 3 3 0
Singing - 2 2 0
Drawing - 1 10 0
Dancing - 2 2 0
School to commence 9th January, 1844, at Mrs. Pierson's residence, No. 4, Pitt-street, near King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1844), 3

EDUCATION. MRS. PIERSON begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Sydney and its environs that, in addition to her daily pupils, she proposes to receive four young ladies as BOARDERS, between the ages of six and sixteen, to educate them like gentlewomen, and where they will be taught every useful and elegant accomplishment, based upon solid principles - not very often regarded in the tuition of young minds, but which Mrs. Pierson considers of the first importance, as the mind is the stature of the man or woman.
The school re-commcnces on the 8th July.
312, Pitt-street, near King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1847), 1

THE Pianoforte, Harp, and Guitar, taught by Mrs. Pierson, who requests to inform the parents and frienda of her pupils, that the Midsummer vacation ends on Thursday, 15th instant, when she will be happy to resume their instruction on the Pianoforte, &c., &c.
Mrs. Pierson receives young ladies at her residence, to teach all, or any of the above fashionable instruments, or can attend at their houses.
No. 312, Pitt-street, July 7.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1848), 3 

THE PIANOFORTE. HARP, AND GUITAR. YOUNG LADIES are taught the M. above elegant accomplishments by Mrs. PIERSON, at her house, 312, Pitt-street, or at the residence of her pupils. The Christmas vacation ends 15th January, 1849. Mrs. Pierson also gives instruction in the French language. December 30.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1849), 1 

INSTRUCTION ON THE PIANOFORTE, HARP, AND GUITAR. MRS. PIERSON requests to inform her pupils that the Vacation ends on the 16th July, when she will be happy to resume their Musical studies. Mrs. Pierson would receive two more at her house, to instruct on the above fashionable instruments. 312, Pitt-street, July 7.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1849), 3

Mrs. Eliza Pierson, at her residence, 312, Pitt-street, Sydney, after a few days' illness, aged 65 years, much regretted by all who knew her.


Leader of a juvenile temperance band, amateur musician, musical instructor

Born Guernsey, Channel Islands, 1821
Married Julia BOWDEN (d. 1893), by 1851
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by December 1854
Arrived VIC, c. 1860
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1904, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Channel islands census, 1841, St. Peter Port, Guernsey; UK NAtional Archives, HO 107 / 1460 / 11 (PAYWALL)

Henry iesing / 51 / Tobacconist / [born England]
Charity [Piesing] / 53 / - / [born England] . . .
James H'y [Piesing] / 20 / Painter & Glazier / [born Guernsey]

Channel islands census, 30 March 1851, St. Heliers, Jersey; UK NAtional Archives, HO 107 / 2527 (PAYWALL)

21 Hils Street / James Peercy [sic] / Head / 29 / Painter / [born] Guernsey
Julia [Peercy] / Wife / 28 / - / [born] England

"TEMPERANCE MEETING", Adelaide Times (2 December 1854), 3 

A respectably attended meeting of the Total Abstinence Society was held yesterday evening in the Christ Church School room, North Adelaide, Mr. Wm. Crabb in the chair; and entdrtalning and impressive addresses were delivered by Mr. S. Morcom and Mr. Thos. Williams, followed by an address from Mr. Piesing, a temperance lecturer just arrived from Jersey, who in a telling manner set forth the evils arising from drunkenness. At the close of the meeting several persons signed the pledge.

"THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT", South Australian Register (4 November 1856), 2

A number of juvenile musicians, who have been for some months past under training by their superintendent, Mr. Piesing, of Tynte-street, North Adelaide, occupied a prominent position on the orchestral platform, and with their "merry, merry fifes and drums", made the spacious hall reverberate with dulcet harmony.

"TEMPERANCE MEETINGS", South Australian Register (4 November 1857), 3

The annual gathering of the members of the Total Abstinence Society and their friends took place during the present week under circumstances of more than ordinary interest . . . A temperance hall of capacious dimensions has been commenced in Tynte street, North Adelaide, and though only the bare walls have been erected, the members of the Society have contrived to turn it to present account by means of an awning and other appliances . . . On Sunday last three sermons were preached on behalf of the temperance enterprise . . . Mr. King presided at the harmonium. On Monday evening the aggregate meeting of the Band of Hope look place in the same building . . . The juvenile band, led by their Superintendent, Mr. Piesing . . . played several airs . . .

"THE FORMER DAYS. By REV. T. E. KEEN", Australian Christian Commonwealth (18 December 1908), 13 

"Ye hills and ye dales in praises abound,
Ye mountains and vales continue the sound,
Break forth into singing ye trees of the wood,
For Jesus is bringing lost sinners to God."
These words were often sung in the Adelaide Bible Christian circuit back in the year 1855 . . . what is more natural than that some one present should strike up the above verse of a hymn to the tune of "Portugal New," which admits of the first part of the last line being thrice repeated?
. . . And when I think of my fellow-workers, the late Samuel Coombe, John Rundle, Peter P. Dungey, J. Venning, J. Piesing, Geo. Denman, and many others . . .

MUSIC: Portuguese new (hymn tune) = Adeste fideles

"DIAMOND JUBILEE OF BOWDEN METHODIST SUNDAY-SCHOOL", Australian Christian Commonwealth (24 May 1912), 14 

. . . Other Sunday-school superintendents in pioneer times were John Robins Rundle, James Piesing, Joseph Barnes, and Samuel Coombe. I have just received pictures of Mr. and Mrs. Piesing and their son, the latter now resident in Balaclava, Victoria. These pictures are the gift of the son and will be hung in one of our classrooms . . .

PIETERSZOON, Cornelis ("den dicke trompetter" [Cornelis the fat trumpeter])

Under-trumpeter (Batavia)

Active Houtman Abrolhos, WA, 1629
Died, ? 1629 (shareable link to this entry)


Bibliography and resources:

Csilla E. Ariese, Databases of the people aboard the VOC ships Batavia (1629) and Zeewijk (1727) - An analysis of the potential for finding the Dutch castaways' human remains in Australia (Fremantle: Australian National Centre of Excellence for Maritime Archaeology, 2012)

Ralph J. G. Henssen, Trompetters en tamboers in de Zeeuwse zeevaart ten tijde van de Republiek: plichten en Praktijken (thesis, Utrecht University, 2011)


Professor of music, pianoforte, violin, accordion, singing, merchant, horticulturalist

Born Berlin, Prussia, c. 1820; son of Charles (Carl) PIETZKER and Augusta
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1849 (from Berlin)
Naturalised Melbourne, VIC, 23 December 1852 (aged "32")
Married Rebecca INNIS (d. 1870), Ovalau, Fiji, c. 1859/60
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 3 February 1898, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

PIETZKER, Florence Maud (Florence Maud PIETZKER; Mrs. Edward John Fitzgerald MARTIN)

Pianist, vocalist

Born Fiji, c. 1860/61; daughter of William PIETZKER and Rebecca INNES
Married Edward John Fitzgerald MARTIN, Sydney, NSW, 6 July 1878 (shareable link to this entry)


Billed as a "Professor of Music from Berlin" and a "pupil of" Felix Mendelssohn, Pietzker first appeared in a Melbourne concerts in April and June 1849 as a pianist playing Weber and Beethoven, and again in December playing second violin in Haydn's "Emperor" quartet under Joseph Megson.

He was last billed in Melbourne among the violins in the Philharmonic band in December 1854.

By 1859, he was in Fiji, and by late 1863 in Maryborough, Queensland, where for the next seven years he was a prominent in community, agricultural, and business circles. After an insolvency in 1868/69, he returned to music teaching, and continued to teach music after settling in Sydney in 1871 and until as late as mid 1892.

A keen horticulturalist, Pietzker set up a fruit-growing business at Mildura in 1893, which was later taken over by his nephew, Hugo Pietzker, a former major in the Swiss Army.

In 1880, his Fijian-born daughter Florence Pietzker launched her career a pianist and teacher in Tasmania.


[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (14 April 1849), 3 

Mechanics' Insitution. MUSIC CLASS.
Patrons - His Honor the Superintendent. His Honor the Resident Judge.
THE Members of the Class beg to announce that they will give their Public Concert, in the Room of the Mechanics' Institute, On TUESDAY Next, 17th Inst.
PROGRAMME. 1st Part. Overture - "Tancredi" - Rossini.
Song - "Der erste Kuss" - "The first Kiss" (by Mr. M. Sachs) - German.
Solo - Pianoforte (by Mr. Pietzker) - Weber . . .
Solo - Violin (by Mr. Megson) - L'Maurer.
Part II . . . Song - "Hear me gentle Maritana" - Opera "Maritana" - Violin Obligato - (by Mr. Griffiths) - Wallace . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violin, leader); Joseph Griffiths (violin)

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 June 1849), 3

Mechanics' Institution. MUSIC CLASS . . . their Fourth Public Concert, in the Room of the Mechanics' Institute, ON TUESDAY EVENING, 12th INSTANT. PROGRAMME: 1ST PART. Overture - L'Italiana in Algieri - Rossini. Vocal Quartette - Die Kapelle, (German) - Kreutzer. Solo - Piano forte, (by Mr. Pietzker) - Beethoven Song - "The delightful flower," (by Mr. Young) - Balfe . . . SECOND PART . . . Solo - Violoncello - (by Mr. Thompson) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Young (vocalist); John Charles Thompson (cello)

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1849), 3 

AT the commencement of a new quarter has the honor to inform the gentry of Melbourne that he continues to give lessons on the Piano-forte, Violin, and Accordion, and singing, on reasonable terms, which may be learned on application at his residence, Great Bourke-street, Barwick Terrace.
Pianos thoroughly repaired and tuned, as well as all other kinds of Musical Instruments.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1849), 3

AT the commencement of a new Quarter, has the honor to inform the gentry of Melbourne, that be continues to give lessons on the Pianoforte, the Violin, and other Instruments, on reasonable terms, which may be learnt on application at his residence, Russell Street, next door to the Australia Felix Hotel.
Pianos thoroughly repaired and tuned.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1849), 3

Mechanics' Institute. MUSIC CLASS . . .
PROGRAMME: PART I. - Overture - 'Masaniello' - Auber . . .
Overture: 'Bohemian Girl' - Balfe.
PART II. Overture: 'Zauberflote' - Mozart . . .
Quartette: (Instrumental) God preserve the Emperor - Haydn (introduced under Mr. Reed)
Principal Violin: Mr. Megson.
Second Violin: Mr. Pietzker.
Violin: Mr. Reed.
Violoncello. Mr. Thomson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reed (viola)

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (26 January 1850), 3

in the hall of the MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, ON THURSDAY EVENING, 3 1st JAN., 1860.
MRS. REYNOLDS will be kindly assisted in the Vocal Department by several Amateur Singers.
Leader of the Band - MR. MEGSON.
Solo Violinchello - MR. THOMPSON.
Solo Violin - MR. MEGSON.
Pianist - MR. PIETZKER.
PROGRAMME: PART I. OVERTURE - "Le Nozze di Figaro" - Mozart
SONG - "We may be happy yet" Mrs. Reynolds - Balfe
SOLO - Violin - Mr. Megson - Maurer
DUET - "Jeannette and Jeanot" - Mrs. Reynolds and Mr. Young - Glover
SONG - "Afloat on the Ocean" - Mr. Salter - Loder
SONG - "I knew him in his childhood," - Words by Mr. Reynolds - Music by Mr. Megson.
SONG & CHORUS - "Rosa Lee" - Mr. Young and gentlemen -
PART II. OVERTURE - "Semiramide" - Rossini
SONG - "Rataplan" (by desire) - Mrs. Reynolds - Donizetti
SOLO - "Violinchello -
SONG - "The old Watermill" - Mr. Young -
DUET - "I'll watch for Thee" - Miss Somers and Mrs. Reynolds - Loder
SONG - "Drink, Sing, Laugh" - Mr. Salter - Romer
DUET - Singing Lesson, Sol Fa - Mrs. Reynolds and Mr. Young - Parry
FINALE - (Vocal and Instrumental) - "God save the Queen" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Reynolds (vocalist); Mr. Salter (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 March 1850), 2

MR. REED HAS the honor to announce the above Concert, assisted by

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist); Troy Knight (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 May 1850), 2 

Mechanics' School of Arts Music Class.
THE Members of the class beg to announce that they will give a public concert in the Room of Mechanics' Institute on Thursday evening, 30th instant, under the direction of Mr. Reed.
VOCAL PERFORMERS - Mr. Young, Mr. Troy Knight, Mr. Walter, Mr. S. Kawerau, Mr. T. Kawerau.
INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS - Mr. Reed, Mr. Woodward, Mr. Pietzker, Mr. Gooch, Mr. Jenkins, Mr. Lord, Mr. Greenwood, Mr. Smith, and the members of the music class . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick and Theodore Kawerau (vocalists)

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1850), 1

IN removing from hia former residence in Russell-street to the New House in Stephen-street South, next door to Mr. Dalgety's, begs to tender his sincere thanks for the patronage with which he has been hitherto favored, and to state, that he continues the practice of his profession as Teacher of the Piano, the Violin, and Singing, and will be happy in give his attendance at Schools and Private Houses on moderate terms.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 March 1851), 3 

IN removing to the country begs leave to thank his friends and the public, for the kind patronage they have bestowed upon him, and to intimate, that he continues to give lessons on the piano, the violin, and in singing in town and country, including St. Kilda and Brighton.
Pianos tuned upon the best principle.
For terms apply to Mr T. Hunter, Bookseller, Elizabeth-street, where all orders and messages are to be left.

"INSOLVENT COURT. Monday, May 12th", The Melbourne Daily News (13 May 1851), 2 

Before R. W. Pohlman Esqr., Chief Commissioner.
In the estate of Edward Butterfield, for Melbourne, schoolmaster: first and only meeting . . .

The Commissioner said that Mr. Pietzker could not prefer any claim until he had actually paid money on account of the bill.

Insolvent examined by Mr. Stephen . . . I do not recollect selling anything for the last two years. I sold a piano to Mr. Horton for £24. It was my own, I bought it of Mr. Pietzker, I paid for it partly in cash and partly by board and lodging. I have entirely paid for it. This is my signature (document produced being an agreement to rent a piano from Mr. W. Pietzker on payment of £2 2s monthly, the piano to become the property of Mr. Butterfield when the value of it was paid up, which world occupy one year). I paid Mr. Pietzker the rent for three months and then Mr. Pietzker came to live in my house to pay me at the rate of £70 per annum. He lived with me for six or nine months so that the piano was paid for. The arrangement for the board and lodging was of course consented to by Mr. Pietzker but there was no stipulation that it was to be set off against the piano. I had never received any money from Mr. Pietzker. He taught my pupils music &c. in part payment of his board, I never had any settlement of account with Mr. Pietzker. I have had no other dealings with Mr. Pietzker. Mr. Pietzker appears on my schedule as a creditor, on a bill for £12, and £3 balance of current account. He holds a bill for £15 for these amounts. I never balanced accounts with Mr. Pietzker. I owe him £15. I made a note of it, which is at Mrs. Butterfield's house. I think he taught eight, including both Mrs. Butterfield's school and my own; for teaching them he would receive two guineas for seven of these, and £1 10 for the other; during the three months before he lodged with me, he only taught two of my pupils - for one of them I paid him two guineas, and for the other I did not get paid myself. During the time he lodged with me, I think that his pupils, in my school, averaged five; he had played for the dancing class for tree months; he was to receive three guineas for this. He did not play at all for me for the time he lodged with me . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 July 1851), 4 

Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, His Honor the Judge, and His Worship the Mayor.
Thursday Weekly Subscription Concerts.
Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performers.
Mrs. Testar, Soprano
An Amateur, Alto and Violoncellist
Mr. H. F. Hemy, Tenore, and Pianist
Mr. Wheeler, Basso and Cornetto
Mr. Cooze, Buffo and Flautist
Mr. Pietzker, Violino Primo
Amateurs, Violini
Au Amateur, Clarionett
An Amateur, Saxe Tuba
Chorus &c. &c. by the Members of the Music class.
Conductor - Mr. Henry F. Hemy . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (soprano vocalist); Henry Frederick Hemy (tenor vocalist, pianist); Stephen Wheeler (bass vocalist, cornet); William Cooze (vocalist, flute)

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 January 1852), 3 

MR. W. PIETZKER, Professor of Music . . . on moderate terms, which may be learnt on application to Mr. John Hunter, Bookseller, Elizabeth-street. Piunos tuned upon the best principle.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 October 1854), 8 

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION. Melbourne, 1854. This Evening, Thursday, October 26th.
The Philharmonic Society will perform a Selection from Handel's Grand Oratorio of JUDAS MACCABAEUS . . .
Principal Instrumentalists: Violins: Messrs. Griffiths, King, Fleury, Strebinger, Wm. Radford, M. Radford, Ryder, Pietzker . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1854), 8

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, Melbourne. Thursday Evening, December 7th, 1854 . . .
a Grand Miscellaneous, Vocal, and Instrumental Concert . . .
Instrumentalists: Violins: Messrs. Griffiths, King, Fleury, Strebinger, W. Radford, M. Radford, Ryder, Pietzker . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Griffiths (violin); Edward King (violin); Achille Fleury (violin); Frederick Strebinger (violin); William and Mark Radford (violins); George Ryder (violin)

After 1854:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (12 March 1856), 2 

Tuesday, March 11 . . . The ship Meteor, 1067 tons, S. Pike, master, from Hongkong January 26. Cleve and Co., agents. Passengers - Mr. W. Peitzker, in the cabin; and 455 Chinese in the steerage.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1859), 1 

CAUTION. - From THIS DATE I will not be responsible for any debts or agreements Mr. HUGO PIETZKER may contract in my name. WILLIAM PIETZKER, Ovalau, Fee jee Islands, February 20th, 1859.

[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (5 October 1863), 4

HAS the honor to inform the Gentry of Brisbane and its vicinity that he will be happy to give LESSONS on the Pianoforte, Violin, and in Singing, on reasonable terms, which may be learned on application at his residence in Mary-street, second house from Edward-street.
Instruments tuned and repaired.

Maryborough, QLD (1863-70):

[News], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (3 December 1863), 2 

Mr. Pietzker, a professor of languages and of music, has been induced to settle in Maryborough to practice his profession. The field is a small but still an enlarging one, and we hope Mr. Peitzker will not be disappointed, e ven if at first the public support is scanty. The opportunity of acquiring these accomplishments often gijres birth to the wish to do so. We would suggest to tne committees of the School of Arts and of the Choral Society, that they would do well to secure the services of Mr. Pietzker, and form classes for the teaching of French, German, and Music. Mr. Pietzker has been also an extensive cultivator of cotton, and would be most happy to afford any information in his power, to persons wishing to experiment in this article. We believe it is Mr. Pietzker's intention to commence the cultivation of coffee himself as soon as he can procure suitable land in the neighbourhood of the town.

[Advertisement], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (3 December 1863), 3 

SOLICITS Pupils for PIANO, VIOLIN, and SINGING, at home, or at the residence of his Pupils.
Terms: £3 3s. per quarter.
Pianos and all kinds of Musical Instruments Tuned and Repaired.
A Magnificent PIANO for sale.

[News], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (15 October 1868), 2 

At a recent meeting of the committee of the School of Arts, the Secretary, Mr. Pietzker, who has held that office for nearly six years, tendered his resignation of the same. The resignation was accepted, but Mr. Pietzker was requested to continue to hold the post until the 14th of the next month, for the purpose of inducting his successor into office . . .

"POLICE COURT. Monday, December 28 (Before the Police Magistrate)", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (31 December 1868), 2 

William Pietzker appeared on his own recognisances to answer the charge of using threatening language towards his wife, and also of assaulting her. Mr. Corser appeared for defendant. No appearance of complainant. Mr. Corser argued the case could not be dealt with in the absence of the complainant, and that defendant denied that complainant was his wife. The Police Magistrate held that it could be dealt with, and bound defendant in his own recognisances of £80 to keep the peace for three months.

[Advertisement], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (23 January 1869), 3 

In the Insolvent Estate of W. Pietzker, Maryborough,
ALL Parties Indebted to the above Estate are requested to Settle without delay with the undersigned, who have full authority to grant Receipts and transact all Business connected with the above Estate.
DICKSON & DUNCAN, Agents for W. H. MISKEN, Official Assignee.

[Advertisement], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (7 August 1869), 3 

HAVING resumed his Profession, will he happy to give LESSONS on the VIOLIN, the PIANO, and in SINGING.
Pianos Tuned and Repaired.

[Advertisement], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (22 January 1870), 3 

Unrealised Assets, &c., of the Insolvent Estate of W. Pietzker . . .
to sell by public auction . . . THIS DAY . . .
All the Book Debts, together with the Official Assignee's right, title, and interest in the unrealised Assets . . .
Terms cash.

[Advertisement], Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (9 August 1870), 1 

In the Supreme Court of Queensland. ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION. In the Goods of REBECCA INNIS, late of John-street, in the town of Maryborough in the Colony of Queensland, spinster, formerly bearing and using the name of Rebecca Pietzker, of Len nox-street, Maryborough afore?' said, deceased . . . that Probate of the Will of the Goods, Chattels, Credits, and Effects of the above named deceased may be granted to William Pritchard Morgan, late of Lennox-street, Maryborough aforesaid, but now of Adelaide-street, Maryborough aforesaid, Solicitor's Articled Clerk, the sole Executor and Trustee in the Will named . . .

After 1871:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1871), 1

MR. W. PIETZKER, Professor of Music (pupil of Mendelssohn). -
Instruction on the violin, the piano, and in singing, either at home or at the residence of his pupils.
Evening Classes for gentlemen. Schools attended to at reduced rates.
100, Harrington-Btreet, Church-hill,

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1878), 1 

MARTIN - PIETZKER. - July 6, at St. Michael's Church, by the Rev. Canon King, Edward J. Fitzgerald, late Lieutenant Bengal Calvary, fourth son of Major Martin, retired list, Bombay Artillery, to Florence Maud, only daughter of William Pietzker, Esq.

"AN EXTRAORDINARY DIVORCE SUIT", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (31 March 1879), 3 

. . . The respondent, his wife, Florence Maud Martin, formerly Florence Maud Pietzker, is a very prepossessing young lady of only nineteen years, and a native of Fiji, in the South Sea Islands. She is highly accomplished, being a perfect artist on the pianoforte, sings exquisitely, and is a fluent speaker of two or three foreign languages. Her father is a scholar and a music teacher of some note, and is now a resident in Sydney . . .

"UNPARALLELED DIVORCE CASE . . . THE DEFENCE", Evening News (2 May 1879), 3 

. . . Mr. Pietzker, father of. respondent, examined by Mr. Pilcher: Witness is a native of Berlin. Been 30 years in the colonies, and 10 years in this colony. Witness is a professor of music. Mrs. Martin is witness's daughter. Remember when Mrs. Martin was married. Martin came, and said to witness that he wanted witness to lend him two or three hundred pounds to extend his business. Witness would not lend the money. Martin came three or four days after his marriage, and said he was fortunate in his wife. Witness knew his daughter was a good girl, but a little wild and extravagant. Martin said he would not take £1,000,000 for her. He came on a Monday, and said to witness, "Send your pupil away, I want to speak to you. Your daughter has committed suicide. I have got a diary." He said it was awful, and that 14 or 16 gentlemen had had criminal intimacy with Mrs. Martin. Martin read some pages, saying, "You and her have had intercourse." He would not let witness see the papers. Witness said, "You must have been disappointed she did not die." Martin said, "I came yesterday twice, and if you had been here I would have shot you dead." He further said, "I will ruin you, unless you let me clear out. You have had two children; although not rich, you have more than you require." Witness got out a warrant for threatening language, but that matter was settled. Witness paid about £40 for his daughter's wedding. Ever since his daughter's marriage, his relations have not been the same, and witness said he never would go and see Martin, but that did not extend to his daughter. There was no truth in the assertion that witness had intercourse with Mrs. Martin. Witness solemnly called God to witness that what he had just stated was true. Martin beat his wife until she wrote that letter. Witness is 60 years old. (Letter dated July 10, 1878, four days after the marriage, read to the witness). Witness knows of something that occurred the night before the wedding, but it is too disgusting for him to reveal. (Letter dated 12, 1878, written by the witness to his daughter, read).

Cross-examined by Mr. Buchanan: Witness's wife died 11 or 12 years ago when he was living with her. She was a little out of her mind, and they were not separated. Witness was married in Fiji by the American Consul, Mr. Williams, at Ovalau. He has had three children by his wife, one was given for adoption . . .

Charles Albert Pietzker, examined by Mr. Pilcher, stated he was son of the last witness. Was a clerk in the Castlemaine Brewery, and lived with his father and sister most of the time up to Martin's marriage. It is utterly untrue that witness had any improper intercourse with his sister. Remember telling his father of a disgusting act of Martin's just before the marriage. His father sent him downstairs to tell Martin to leave the house. Witness narrated some disgusting conversation he overheard Martin use, Martin told witness he would ruin his father by going round and telling the pupils . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1880), 1

HERR W. PIETZKER, Professor of Music, will resume Tuition on Thursday, the 8th instant. 7, Stanley-st.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (17 January 1880), 3

Great Attraction!!! Fraulein Pietzker, The Great German Soloist,
Daughter of Herr Pietzker, pupil of MENDELSSOHN.
Engaged to perform on the Grand Pianoforte, by Lipp kindly lent to the management by A W. Birchall, Esq. . . .

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (20 February 1880), 2

We understand that Miss Florence Pietzker, pianiste, has been engaged by Signor Pompei to proceed to Hobart Town to take part in three operatic concerts which it is proposed to give at the capital, and in which Signora Fabris, Miss Eliza Sherwin, and lady and gentleman amateurs will take part. The combination will probably visit Launceston before leaving for New Zealand.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1892), 16 

HERR W. PIETZKER, Prof. of Music (piano, violin, singing), resumed tuition, 6 Park-st., 1st floor.

"ROUND THE SETTLEMENT. A Nest of Progressive Plantations. MEN WHO DESERVE SUCCESS", The Mildura Cultivator [VIC] (31 March 1894), 3

. . . The kinsmen of William Tell generally maike very desirable colonists, and the representaitives who are here are certainly not the exceptions which prove the rule. One of them, although still britmful of patriotism for his native country, now claims to be an Australian, as well he might, for he has been a good citizen in the colonies for nearly 40 years. We refer to Mr. W. Pietzker, the owner of that progressive plantation in Koorlong-avenue to which has been given the name, "OVALAU." A strange name, some will say; still a nanme that was chosen for substantial reasons. It will be interesting to relate how this name came to be selected. About 30 years ago, after Mr. Pietzker had, in a few years, amassed several thousand pounds in Victoria, he, being of an adventurous disposition, joined an expedition to explore the islands in the Southern Pacific. It was intended to be a pleasure trip, although surrounded at that time with many diffficulties. A schooner was fitted up in Sydney for the eruise, and was provisioned with all the good things that money could buy. Large supplies of gimcrack presents were stored on board for distribution among the natives - a very necessary precaution in those days. A11 went well until the Fiji group vas reached. The boat was making for Levuka, the then capital, where King Thakomban resided, when, by some blunder on the part of the skipper, she was driven on the rocks and became a total wreck. The passengers and crew were saved, and it was 12 months before they were able to return to civilisation. Mr. Pietzker, by making judicious presents to Thakomban , he having saved a good deal from the wreck, was very well treated by the dusky monarch, and he amused himself during his enforced stay on the island of Overlau, whereon Levuka is situated, by studying the flora and doing a little in the way of practical horticulture. He has so many pleasant recolleetions of his year's residence amionig the Fijians that he decided to call his new honme in Mildura, and what he hopes to make his last earthly home, "Ovalau." And this "Ovalanu" promises to be a pretty as well as a profitable home . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1898), 1

PIETZKER. - February 3, 1898, at St. Vincent's Hospital, William Pietzker, aged 78 years.

"Music and Musicians", Table Talk (11 February 1898), 14

William Pietzker, who died last week at St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, at the age of 78 years, used to advertise himself as "a pupil of Mendelssohn."

Bibliography and reources:

William Thomas Pritchard, Polynesian reminiscences: or, Life in the South Pacific Islands (London: Chapman and Hall, 1866), 259-60 (DIGITISED)

PIGUENIT, Mary Ann (Mary Ann IGGLESDEN; Mrs. Frederick PIGUENIT)

School teacher, ? teacher of music

Born Dover, England, 20 March 1808; daughter of William IGGLESDEN and Sarah HAYWARD
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), December 1832
Married Frederick PIGUENIT (d. 1886), St. David's church, Hobart, 18 February 1833
Died Hunter's Hill, Sydney, NSW, 25 June 1892, aged 84 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Mary Ann Igglesden came to Tasmania in 1832 to join her future husband, a transported convict Frederick Piguenit (d. 1886). They married on 18 February 1833; the painter William Charles Piguenit (1836-1914) was their son. She ran a school for young ladies, that offered French, music, and drawing as extras.


Register of births, Dover Baptist chapel, Kent, 1730-1837; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

Mary Ann Igglesden daughter of William & Sarah born at Dover March 20 1808 . . .

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town . . . in the year 1833 ; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:820198; RGD36/1/2 no 2088$init=RGD36-1-2P78 (DIGITISED)

No. 629 / Frederick Piguenit (Convict) of this Parish Bachelor (Per Royal George)
Mary Anne Igglesden of this Parish Spinster were married in the Church by Banns . . . this 18 February 1833 . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 June 1836), 2

Removal. MRS PIGUENIT begs to inform her friends and the public, that she has removed her establishment from Kent House, New Town Road, to her former residence, Stanwell Hall, situate at the top of Barrack and Melville-streets, where she anticipates on the 4th July, re opening her seminary for the education of young ladies in every branch of useful and ornamental education, at her usual terms as under:
Annual Boarders, per quarter £9 0 0
Weekly ditto ditto 5 0 0
Day ditto ditto 3 0 0
Day Pupils ditto 2 0 0
French, music, dancing, and drawing are extras.
N B. - A quarters notice required prior to the removal of a pupil.
June 28, 1836.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1892), 1

PIGUENIT. - June 25, at Saintongo, Hunter's Hill, Mary Ann, relict of the late Frederick Le Geyt Piguenit, aged 84 years.

Bibliography and resources:

"Mary Ann Piguenit", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"Piguenit, William Charles (1836-1914)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

"William Piguenit", Wikipedia

PILGRIM, Ebenezer Pearson (Ebenezer Pearson PILGRIM)

Amateur vocalist, organist, choir-master

Born Hitcham, Suffolk, 7 December 1837; son of John PILGRIM and Susanna PEARSON
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 January 1850 (per Bolivar, from Gravesend, 5 October)
Married Sarah EKINS, North Adelaide, SA, 13 October 1875
Died Hyde Park, SA, 22 February 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (23 February 1916), 6 

The death occurred on Tuesday evening at his residence, Westall-street, Hyde Park, of Mr. Ebenezer Pearson Pilgrim, who was a grand-nephew of Captain Matthew Flinders, the discoverer of South Australia. Mr. Pilgrim was born on December 7, 1837, at Chapel Farm, Hitcham, Suffolk, and was educated at the Newmarket Academy, Ipswich. He came to Australia with his parents in the ship "Bolivar" in January, 1850, and was first employed in the "Times" newspaper office, and later was associated with Messrs. Green & Co., land agents, and with Messrs. Parr & Luxmoore, who took over the business. He entered the Government service in the early seventies, and was connected with the accounts branch of the General Post-Office till 1904. Mr. Pilgrim, who was of a genial disposition, and was well liked, resided in North Adelaide for over 60 years, and he took a great interest in religious work in that part of the city. He was connected with the North Adelaide Congregational Church from its inception over 56 years ago, and he was organist at the church for two years, a deacon for 22 years, secretary for eight years, and treasurer for 11 years. He was an ardent worker in connection with the Sunday-school. The Philharmonic Society claimed him as a member for many years, and he was also associated with the Musical union. He left a widow, three sons (Messrs. E. P. Pilgrim, jun., of the Union Bank, Melbourne; J. F. Pilgrim, of the American Trading Company, Perth; and F. S. Pilgrim, of the Union Bank, Adelaide), and one daugnter (Miss F. K. Pilgrim, of Hyde Park).

ASSOCIATIONS: Matthew Flinders

"CARL LINGER MEMORIAL", The Advertiser (20 February 1936), 20 

. . . An interesting certificate has been brought to light by Mr. Fred Pilgrim, whose father took part in the first performance of Handel's "Messiah" conducted by Carl Linger in 1859. The certificate is signed by the chairman of the Handel festival committee (E. B. H. Granfield), the conductor (Carl Linger), choral master (J. W. Daniel), and the leader of the orchestra William Chapman). The certificate states that performances were given on April 13, 14, and 21 of the "Messiah" and "Alexander's Feast" in White's Rooms (where the Majestic Theatre now stands) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Linger (conductor); Josiah Daniel (chorusmaster); William Chapman (leader)


Proprietor of dissolving views show, ? pianist, vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, June 1855 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1855), 8

COSMOPOLYGRAPHICON. - First Night of Miss Pilkington's Evening Party, to which everybody is invited . . .
Entire Change of Views, Music, and Monologue . . .
English, Scotch, and Irish Scenes, accompanied by appropriate national music, every evening at eight o'clock.

PILKINGTON, Anna Elizabeth (Anna Elizabeth NORTH; Mrs. Henry PILKINGTON)

Professor of music

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1855 (per Marco Polo)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 19 March 1872\ (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

PILKINGTON, Anna (Anna Alicia Whitestone PILKINGTON; Miss PILKINGTON; Mrs. Thomas Cave WILKINSON)

Pianist, professor of music, mezzo-soprano (soprano), contralto vocalist

Born Ireland, c. 1840/44; elder daughter of Henry PILKINGTON and Anna Elizabeth NORTH
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1855 (per Marco Polo)
Married Thomas Cave WILKINSON (c. 1844-1933), VIC, 9 September 1871
Divorced VIC, 1902 (aged 58) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Anna Elizabeth Pilkington and her two daughters, Anna Alicia (aged "15") and Henrietta Margaretta Pilkington ("13") arrived in Melbourne on the Marco Polo on the 27 June 1855.


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 July 1855), 8

ROYAL MAIL SHIP MARCO POLO.- Williamstown, Australia, 87th June, 1855. -
Dear Sir,- We, the undersigned passengers by the Marco Polo, from Liverpool to Melbourne, cannot separate without expressing the high sense we entertain of your kindness and gentlemanly deportment towards us during the voyage . . .
We are, Dear Sir, Yours very faithfully . . .
Anna E. Pilkington . . . Anna A. Pilkington, Henrietta Pilkington . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1856), 7

PIANOFORTE, Harmonium, and Harp.
Mrs. and Miss Pilkington give instruction after the most approved methods on the above instruments. Classes will be formed for concert-playing. For terms, &c., apply at 8 Regent-street, Collingwood, opposite Carlton Gardens.

[as above]

"VICTORIAN SOCIETY OF FINE ARTS", The Argus (16 December 1856), 4

The Victorian Society of Fine Arts held their opening conversazione last night in the Exhibition Building. About 200 persons were present, including a very large proportion of ladies. Among the company were F. R. Wilkinson, Esq., the President of the Society . . . The President then called upon Mr. James Smith to deliver the inaugural address . . . An interlude devoted to the discussion of tea, coffee, fruit, &c., was followed by vocal and instrumental music. A Mr. Massett kindly volunteered his services, and effectually amused the company by some very unique, and at the same time clever comic imitations of two singing-girls, one supposed to be a Yankee, and the other a German, who are seeking an engagement. The airs burlesqued were, "Home, sweet home," and "I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls," and raised a hearty laugh. These were succeeded by other songs from the same gentleman, alternated with two brilliant displays on the pianoforte, by a young lady present, who set the very praiseworthy example of breaking through the icy decorum, which is the bugbear of an English audience. The President called upon the ladies, and might perbnps have called in vain but for the kindness and good sense of the particular young lady in question, who at once came forward and delighted all ears by her masterly execution. Miss Pilkington (we make no difficulty of mentioning her name) deserved the thanks of the Society, for giving them an excellent illustration of the way in which their reunions may always be made successful. We trust the example will be repeatedly followed, and that we may have the pleasure of bearing testimony to the musical talents of many a fair debutantes . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Smith (journalist); Stephen Massett (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1857), 8

MRS. and Miss PILKINGTON, professors, give Finishing LESSONS to advanced Pupils on the PIANOFORTE and in SINGING. For terms apply 8 Kyte's-Buildings, Collingwood.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The Argus (1 July 1858), 4

Signor Cutolo's concert last evening at the Mechanics' Institution was extremely well attended, and the programme, both as regards the vocal and instrumental portions of it, was of a varied and agreeable character. The only drawback to the complete success of the entertainment was the indifferent quality of the instruments employed; one of which waa unpleasantly metallic in its tone, while the keys of the other chattered like the teeth in the head of an old crone afflicted with the palsy, so that the effect of Signor Cutolo's splendid execution was marred by this sort of castanet accompaniment. Miss Pilkington, a planiste of great promise, appeared for the first time in public, and made a decidedly favorable impression upon a critical audience. Her tone is delicate, and she plays with taste and feeling, being deficient chiefly in that confidence which time and habit will inspire. Miss O. Hamilton and M. Conlon sang . . . The concluding rondo for two pianos elicited great applause and we hope on the next occasion we have the pleasure of hearing Miss Pilkington and Signor Cutolo, they may be more fortunate in the instruments available for their use.

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (piano); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 December 1858), 7

MISS PILKINGTON, Pianist, gives LESSONS In Melbourne and Suburbs, and at her residence, 8 Kyte's-buildings.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1859) 7

MISS PILKINGTON, pianist, gives LESSONS on the PIANOFORTE, and in Singing. Schools attended. 8 Kyte's-buildings, Prince's-street, Collingwood.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 April 1862), 5 

Mrs. Butler's classical and musical entertainment, of yesterday evening, proved a less decided success than the known ability of the lady, and the programme ot the evening's performances, had led her and her audience to anticipate . . . The dramatic pieces were relieved with musical performances on the piano, including airs from "La Sonnambula," Schulhoff's "Carnival de Venice," and a funeral march from Beethoven's sonata - by Miss Pilkington, of whom it is commeudation enough to say that she was repeatedly applauded by the audience (almost two hundred in number), and that it was scarcely possible for her performances to have been surpassed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Samuel Butler (actor, dramatic reader, active VIC, 1858-67; widow of Samuel Butler, actor active in northern England, who died in 1845)

MUSIC: Carnaval de Venise (Schulhoff); Marcia funebre from Sonata in A flat major, op. 26 (Beethoven)

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (22 August 1863), 2 

The hall of the Mechanics' Institute was crowded last evening . . . Last night's programme was as follows: - Duett, "The Call," Mrs. James Bunce and Miss Liddle; pianoforte duett (Mendelssohn), Mrs. King and Mr. Turner . . . grand fantasia, "La Cracovienne" (Wallace), Miss Pilkington . . . madrigal, "A peerless rose," Mr. A. T. Turner; grand fantasia "Irish and Scotch Airs" (Osborne), Miss Pilkington . . .

"SOCIAL", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (24 August 1863), 1s

The hall of the Ballarat Mechanics' Institute having been ceiled and redecorated . . . there have been lectures on chemistry . . . exhibitions of dissolving views . . . and musical performances, liberally undertaken by Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Turner, and other members of the late Philharmonic Society, assisted by Miss Liddell, vocalist, Melbourne, and Miss Pilkington, an accomplished pianist, formerly of Dublin . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Austin and Charlotte Turner (pianist, vocalist); Eliza Ann King (pianist); Charlotte Bunce (vocalist); Maggie Liddle (vocalist)

MUSIC: La cracovienne (Wallace)

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2 

A musical festival was held in St. Patrick's Church, Sturt street, on Monday evening, in aid of the church's building fund . . . The music selected was highly classical, the first portion of the programme consisting for the most part of selections from Rossini's "Stabat Mater," while the second portion was composed of selections from the "Messiah" and the "Creation" with two or three pieces from Mendelsohn's "Elijah," the "Qui Tollis" of Balfe and the aria "Lord have Mercy" of Pergolesi . . .

"ST. GEORGE'S HALL", The Argus (3 December 1866), 5

A grand concert, given at St. George's-hall on Saturday evening last, in aid of the Magdalen Asylum and Juvenile Reformatory at Abbotsford, was not over well attended, although the programme was rich, and most of the performers of the best. Miss Julia Mathews made an appearance as a concert singer . . . Mrs. Testar also distinguished herself . . . Mr. Albert Richardson, who has not been before tho public lately, sang twice . . . Herr Schott's undeniable skill on the oboe failed to make its tones suit the exigencies of an elaborate operatic scene. Herr Kohler played a corno obligato to one of Mrs. Testar's songs . . . Miss Pilkington as a pianist exhibited but a crude ability, although a piece de concert which she played as an encore piece was far better done than that for which she was entered in the programme. The performances by the band of the 14th Regiment were too loud for the room . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (soprano vocalist); Julia Mathews (vocalist); Albert Richardson (vocalist); James Arthur Schott (oboe); Franz Kolher (French horn)

Assessment to the borough rate made this [9 January 1867]; rate book, 1865-69, City of Fitzroy, folio 12; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

[No.] 208 / Pilkington / Anna / Professor of Music / [Owner] Kyte, Ambrose / 8 Kyte's Build'gs / [Brick House] 7 [rooms] . . .

Sands' Melbourne directory 1867 (Alphabetical), 392 (PAYWALL)

Pilkington, Mrs., professor of music, 8 Princes-street F[itzroy].

[News], The Herald (26 July 1867), 2-3 

The Hospital for the insane, at the Yarra Bend, on Wednesday evening was the scene of a musical entertainment that might have been a great success anywhere in Melbourne. To the patients who were present to the number of about 250, and to nearly 100 visitors, it evidently afforded considerable gratification if the enthusiastic applause and the crowds of happy faces that issued from the doors be accepted as indications. The company was a strong one, if small numerically considered; and the leading performers were Mrs. Gibbons, Miss Pilkington, Herr Collin, Mr. Donaldson, and Mr. Amery . . . [3] . . . Miss Pilkington's excellent accompaniments must be duly acknowledged . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 August 1867), 8 

MISS PILKINGTON, pianist, RECIEVES PUPILS at Messrs. Wilkie, Webster, and Co.'s, where address all letters, &c.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 January 1868), 3 

SINGING and PIANOFORTE - Miss Pilkington RECEIVES PUPILS at Mr. Glen's music warehouse, Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 August 1869), 1 

MISS PILKINGTON, pianist, continues to RECEIVE PUPILS. Four to ten guineas per quarter. 6 Prince's street, Fitzroy.

[News], The Argus (26 August 1869), 4

The novel experiment of holding a tea meeting and concert in conjunction at a theatre was tried, with a very successful result, at the Academy of Music (late Princess's Theatre) last night, when a tea-meeting, followed by a vocal and instrumental concert, took place in that building, the proceeds being devoted to the funds of St. John's Church, Melbourne . . . Mr. Towers, in the absence of Miss Pilkington, acted as accompanyist very efficiently . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Wilson Towers (pianist, organist)

"THE TOWN", Leader (31 December 1870), 11 

The musical arrangements at St. Francis' Cathedral on Sunday were of more than usual excellence. They commenced with the chorus And the Glory of the Lord, from Messiah, and this, admirably sung, was followed by one of the best performances of Mozart's twelfth mass yet heard in this city. The soloists, Madame Hildebrandt, Miss Pilkington, Mr. Towle, and Mr. W. R. Furlong, gave great satisfaction; and a small orchestra, under the leadership of Mr. E. King, was very successful in adding effect to the performance of this popular composition . . . the organist, Mr. C. E. Horsley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Francis Towle (vocalist); William Furlong (vocalist); Charles Edward Horsley (organist); Edward King (violin)

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1871), 1 

SINGING And PIANOFORTE - Miss Pilkington, 3 Lee-terrace, Drummond-street, Carlton. Four to twelve guineas per quarter.

"ENTERTAINMENTS", The Australasian (8 July 1871), 19 

Among coming events is the concert to be given by Miss Pilkington, a lady long known as an accomplished pianiste, and more recently distinguished in the choir of St. Francis's as a mezzo-soprano of considerable power and sweetness. Miss Pilkington has such a large number of friends that her concert must of necessity be well attended.

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 July 1871), 8 

SIGNOR UGO DEVOTI (of Lyster and Smith's Opera Troupe) having resolved on giving finishing lessons in the Italian school of singing, assisted by Miss Pilkington (as pianist), is prepared to RECEIVE PUPILS at No. 3 Lee-terrace, Drummond-street, Carlton, and No. 1 Victoria-parade.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ugo Devoti (vocalist)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (24 July 1871), 3 

Miss Pilkington, well known as a pianist long before many of our present professors arrived in Victoria, will give a concert in Weber's room (late Hockin's) next Thursday evening. All the principal vocal and instrumental talent not engaged at the opera has been retained for the occasion, including Miss Amelia Bailey, Herr Schott, and Signor Devoti, and the programme is extremely well selected. The price of admission to the reserved seats is perhaps rather high for the times, but during her long residence in Melbourne Miss Pilkington must have made a host of friends, who will doubtless rally round her . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Amelia Bailey (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1871), 8

COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT CONCERT to Signor UGO DEVOTI, at Weber's Assembly Rooms, on Tuesday, Septembor 5, at 8 o'clock, assisted by Miss Bertha Watson, Signor Contini, Miss Pilkington, Herr Siede, Mr. Johnny Cowan, and Mr. Towle . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Bertha Watson (vocalist); Julius Siede (flute)

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (9 September 1871), 3 

Our musical readers will be glad to learn that Mr. F. W. Towers, late organist of Christ Church, in this town, has been appointed organist of St. Francis' Chapel, Melbourne. In the choir are included Miss Amelia Bailey, Miss Pilkington, and several other accomplished singers.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (13 September 1871), 4 

WILKINSON - PILKINGTON. - On the 9th inst., at St. Jude's Church, by the Rev. Charles Stuart Perry, Thomas Cave Wilkinson to Anna Alicia Whitestone, eldest daughter of the late Henry A. B. Pilkington, Esq., of Granard, County Longford, Ireland.

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 March 1872), 4

PILKINGTON. - On the 19th inst., at Drummond-street, Ballarat, Anna Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late William North, of Northbrook, county Galway, Ireland, and widow of the late Henry A. B. Pilkington, of Granard, county Longford, Ireland. English and Irish papers please copy.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1872), 3

In Its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. - In the Will of ANNA ELIZABETH PILKINGTON (In the will called Anna Pilkington), Late of Ballarat, in the Colony of Victoria, Widow, Deceased. Notice is hereby given that . . . PROBATE . . . be granted to Henrietta Margaretta Pilkington, of Ballarat, the daughter of the said deceased, and the Reverend Percy Whitestone, of the City of Melbourne, in the said colony, minister of the gospel, the executrix and executor named in and appointed by the said will . . .

[Advertisements], The Age (10 December 1881), 8 

MRS. CAVE WILKINSON, vocalist (mezzo soprano), will, after this month, accept concert and church engagements.

[Advertisements], The Age (11 December 1886), 5 

CHURCH, Concert Engagements. - Mrs. Thomas Cave-Wilkinson, mezzo-soprano. 1 Normanby-terrace. Punt-rd., Windsor.

Divorce papers, Wilkinson v. Wilkinson, 1902; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)


A petition by Amelia [sic] Alicia Whitestone Wilkinson, 58 years of age, for a dissolution of her marriage with Thomas Cave Wilkinson (58), on the ground of desertion.

"PERSONAL", Examiner [Launceston, TAS] (25 March 1933), 6 

Bibliography and resources:

"Henrietta M. Pilkington", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Marjorie J. Tipping, "Thomas, Margaret (1843-1929)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Omar Pasha, for London. Cabin : Mrs. Ross, four children, and servant; Mrs. and Mrs. Hughes and imant, Mr. and Mrs. Kendall and two children, Mr. and Mrs. R. li. Woolcott, two children, and servant; Miss Pilkington, Miss Thomas, Messrs. A. IVaUon, W. F. Maxwell, R. L. M. Kitto, B. S. Roman, R. Stroud, Thomas Anderson.

PROV: Henrietta Pilkington, aged 40 [sic]

[England, probate calendar], Wills and administrations, 1927 [Labat-Pyzer], 656 (PAYWALL)

PILKINGTON Henrietta Margaretta of Countryside Croft-lane Norton Letchworth Herfordsjire spinster died 15 April 1927 Probate London 29 April to Margaret Thomas spinster Effects £313 9s. 7d.



Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1858 (but compare also below)


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1858), 8

PIPER, Charlotte Jane ( Mrs. Thomas ROWE)

Keyboard player

Born ? c.1839/40
Active Sydney, NSW, 1856
Married Thomas ROWE, Centenary Chapel, York Street, Sydney, 21 May 1857
Died Manly, NSW, 19 March 1877, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"WESLEYAN NEW SUNDAY SCHOOL, SUSSEX STREET", The Australian Band of Hope Review, and Children's Friend (2 August 1856), 247-48 

. . . The children who had been selected for this purpose, sang the anthem, "The Promised Land," Miss Charlotte Piper presiding at the serapliine, whose excellent performance on that instrument contributed, in no small degree, to the pleasures of the evening - though in one of the pieces the singers were at too great a distance from the instrument to do either themselves or the player justice.

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1857), 1 

"DOWLING-STREET WESLEYAN CHURCH", Empire (3 October 1868), 5 

. . . Several anthems and other select pieces were performed by the choir - Mrs. Rowe presiding at the harmonium . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1877), 1 

PIPER, Edward John

"Conductor", pianist, vocalist, bandleader (The European Band)

Active Melbourne, by 1856; Ballarat, from May 1858
Died Ballarat, VIC, January 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PIPER, Edward John Clement

Musician, violinist

Born Ballarat, VIC, 1859
Died Ballarat, VIC, 7 March 1889, aged 29 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 March 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (22 May 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (8 September 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (25 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (19 March 1859), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (8 July 1861), 2

"THE SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1862), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (12 December 1864), 3

"PIANOS AND PIANISTS", The Ballarat Star (26 June 1888), 4 

. . . Mr. E. J. Piper, who died quite recently, and whose sons are still resident here, was in the early days the only pianist of any repute. A quiet, gentle, unassuming man, he was publicly known as a thoroughly capable performer. Having, however, devoted himself to orchestral playing, he never developed into a pianist of note . . .

"COUNTRY NEWS. BALLARAT, THURSDAY", The Age (8 March 1889), 6 

Mr. E. J. C. Piper, musician, of Ballarat, died to-day from disease of the brain. Deceased, who was brother of the well known architect, was ill only for a few days, and the news of his death has caused great surprise in the district.

PIPER, John (Captain PIPER)

PIPER, Mary Ann (Mrs. John PIPER)

PIPER, Ann Christiana Frances


See main page "Piper family and Captain Piper's Band" 

PITMAN, George Joseph

Lecturer on music, amateur vocalist, barrister, solicitor

Born c. 1804
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1850
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 1896, aged 92 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CONVERSAZIONE", Adelaide Times (24 May 1851), 5 

The Quarterly Conversazione of the Mechanics' Institute took place on Tuesday evening at the Exchange. The room was crowded to excess, and the company were respectable and orderly. Mr Pitman, of the S.A. Bar, delivered a lecture upon Music, which very happily illustrated the subject, although the lecturer had to talk against time, the limits for the delivery of the lecture being fixed, we believe, to one hour. He commenced with disclaiming any intention of descanting upon the theory of the art, and proceeded in a fluent and easy manner to touch upon its history. The lecture was necessarily a mere outline from the reason we have given. Some poetical quotations were introduced in good taste, and the lecturer sang several pieces of music illustrating various styles of composition, among which we singled out a ballad of Horseley's as being in particular beautifully rendered. Mrs. Murray was the accompanyist, and did the lecturer full justice . . .

"MORAL EFFECTS OF MUSIC", South Australian Register (22 May 1851), 3 

There is scarcely a village in our mother country which has not its band of rustic musicians who are induced to abandon the alehouse parlour and its demoralizing gratifications for the culture and practice of this delightihl art, thereby becoming sober, industrious, and respected members of society. Then again look at the beneficial effects it has produced in Germany. Since music has been taught scientifically in their schools, the Germans have become remarkable for their sobriety. There is now scarcely a member of that nation who cannot take a part in vocal harmony (as is sufficiently shown by our German fellow-colonists). Meetings for vocal harmony are matters of every-day occurrence in Germany, and are never abused in any respect; and so thoroughly have the temperate habits of the Germans been ascertained, that, in the large sugar-houses in England, where the least proneness to drinking is attended with great danger to life and property, German workmen are invariably employed in preference to Englishmen. - Pitman's Lecture on Music.

PLAISTED, Philip Charles (P. C. PLAISTED; Philip PLAISTED)

Chorister, organist, composer

Born Dulwich, Surrey, England, 1 October 1844, son of John PLAISTED (1800-1858) and Ann GREEN (1801-1882)
Arrived (1) Adelaid, SA, 12 April 1850 (per Rajah, from London, 27 November 1849)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 4 April 1864 (per Pride of the ocean, for London)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 29 July 1865 (per Kent, from Plymouth, England)
Married Alice Catherine WALKER (1846-1889), Melbourne, VIC, 17 January 1867
Died Mont Park Mental Hospital, VIC, 23 August 1920 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Plaisted's father, John, was a wine and spirits merchant, and he had first arrived in South Australia with his family in 1850. They had settled in Melbourne by early 1852, where Philip received his early musical training as a boy chorister at St. Peter's church, Eastern Hill. He was a pupil of George Pringle, and later received mentorship from Charles Edward Horsley. After a year spent back in England, studying with George Cooper, he returned to Melbourne in July 1865, and by November 1855 had been appointed organist of St. Stephen's Church, Richmond.

In 1869, George Nichols published his The canticles and hymns of the church, arranged for chanting.

Early in 1873 W. H. Williams engraved and printed his Jerusalem the golden ("The favourite hymn sung at the Intercolonial Musical Festival held at the Town Hall, Melbourne, 1872, the music composed by P. C. Plaisted".

His New tunes to favorite hymns was published by W. H. Glen in January 1878.

He continued his public career as church and concert musician into the mid 1880s, despite suffering increasing mental health problems.

Having been an inmate at asylums several times in the previous year, on 9 May 1889 he murdered his wife at Box Hill. He was returned to Kew Asylum the following day. Having pleaded guilty, he was admitted permanently to care on 25 June. At the time, the Argus printed a summary of his career, that would, in the event, have to serve as his own, albeit very premature, public obituary.

On 19 July 1889 he was transferred to Ararat Asylum for the Criminally Insane and spent the next 30 years as an inmate there. Finally sent back to Melbourne, on 13 April 1920 he was admitted to the Mont Park Mental Hospital. There, according to the inquest (2 September) into his death, he took ill in June and died on 23 August at 10.25 p.m. in the presence of an attendant. He had self-inflicted wounds on his hand and left hip.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (16 April 1850), 2 

April 12. - The barque Rajah, 352 tons, Ferguson, from London, 27th November, and Plymouth 2nd December. Touched at Trieste d'Cuno, 2nd February. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Plaisted, Miss Plaisted, John Plaisted jun., Thomas Plaisted, Arthur Plaisted, Walter Plaisted, Philip Plaisted . . . and 98 in the steerage. No deaths.

"SHIPPING . . . CLEARED OUT", Leader (9 April 1864), 14 

April 4 . . . Pride of the Ocean, ship, 1169 tons, John Kyle, for London. Passengers - saloon . . . Mr. and Mrs. John Plaisted [jun.] and two children . . . Mr. P. C. Plaisted . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 July 1865), 2 

[News], The Argus (16 November 1865), 4

The members of St. Stephen's Church, Richmond, brought their fourteenth anniversary to a close by a tea-party on Tuesday evening. After tea, a nice selection of music was got through, under the able conductor Mr. P. C. Plaisted, organist of the church . . .

[News], The Argus (2 April 1869) 5 

Some few days since we mentioned the purchase of an organ, described as the largest and finest in the colony, from Mr. Philpott, of Toorak, for the purpose of re-erecting it at St. Stephen's Church, Richmond. We may now add that this splendid instrument was built by Mr. Walker, of Tottenham Court road, expressly to the order of Mr. Philpott, from designs furnished by Mr. Coward, organist to the Crystal Palace Company. The services of Mr. P. C. Plaisted, pupil of Mr. George Cooper, organist to her Majesty, have been secured as organist to St. Stephen's.

[News], The Argus (29 April 1869), 5

. . . Mr. P. C. Plaisted, originally a pupil of Mr. Pringle, of this city, and subsequently of Mr. George Cooper, and Mr. Hopkins, of London, presided, as the newly-appointed organist of the church, and we must say that we never before heard in this part of the world a more legitimate style of organ-playing. Mr. Plaisted not only manifests sound judgment in his "combinations," but he displays a power and a smoothness of manipulation, together with a facile use of the pedals, which certainly entitle him to be placed in the foremost rank of executants on the instrument which he has chosen for the exercise of his musical talents. Whether in the matter of ordinary, voluntary, fugue, or accompaniment, he can scarcely be too highly praised for his abilities . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1878), 8

14 April 1884, Yarra Bend Asylum Case Books of Male Patients, 1872-1912, vol. 6; Public Record Office Victoria 

7 March 1888, and 4 November 1888, Yarra Bend Asylum Case Books of Male Patients, 1872-1912, vol. 7, and vol. 6;Public Record Office Victoria 


. . . Mr. Plaisted is the son of an old colonist, and when he first came to the colony he was only eight years old. From his childhood he showed passionate love for music, and as a boy sang as one of the principal choristers in St Peter's Church, Eastern Hill . . . The organ was the instrument he loved. Its rich full tones seemed to soothe and comfort his excitable nature, but organs were scarce in those days, and stories, full of pity now, are told by those who knew him then, of the eager, passionate way in which he pleaded to be allowed to practise on the organ in St. Peter's Church, where he had so long sung as a choir boy. The permission was granted him, and he advanced so rapidly in his studies that he was permitted to preside at the organ during one of the services. From that time he became a slave to music. He developed a deeply religious trait in his character, which only found expression when he was playing church music on his favourite instrument . . . he went to Messrs. James Henty and Co.'s employ as bookkeeper, and it was while here that his playing attracted the attention of Mr. Charles Horsley, a well known London organist, who was then on a visit to the colonies. He advised him strongly to go home and devote himself to the study of the organ, prophesying for him a brilliant future. The enthusiasm of the young man was so much admired by his employers that they generously undertook, to assist him in carrying out this plan. Accordingly he and his young wife, who was a Miss Alice Waller, the daughter of a Gippsland squatter, started for England. He studied there under Mr George Cooper who was spoken of by Mendelssohn as the greatest of organists, and he won his veteran masters warm approval.

When his period of study was completed Mr. Cooper pressed him to remain in England but he refused to do so and returned once more . . . He was appointed organist at St. Stephen's Church, Richmond and his services were eagerly sought after for all sorts of charitable purposes. He never grudged them but played night after night in different places. The great strain began to tell on him and the first symptoms of the lamentable disease which has brought the present calamity on the family began to assert itself . . .

The fatal disease, which the doctors at the asylum attribute to softening of the brain, seized him again and again, but no sooner did he recover from an attack than, in spite of his infirmity one of the churches was always ready to receive him as organist. He acted as honorary organist to the Melbourne Liedertafel and it was at one of their concerts that he first played Lemmen's organ fantasia, The Storm. The success which greeted this performance was so great that he repeated it three or four times. On the last occasion of its performance his mind was just wavering, and he played as he had never played before, but next day he had once more to be taken to the asylum. Since then his periods of intelligence time been less frequent, and it is only about eight months since he was last discharged.

The family were in somewhat straitened circumstances, but a few of his closest friends started a subscription privately, and a goodly sum was collected. This was vested in trustees and they have been allowing him so much a week. Mr. Fuller, the organ builder of Kew, placed an organ at his disposal, and on this he used to instruct his pupils.

For the past few weeks he has been exceedingly melancholy, and it was feared that another attack was coming on, but no such terrible seizure was anticipated as the one which has caused the present calamity. Such is briefly the career of a man who, with a little more constitutional strength, might have ranked as one of the world's greatest musicians who unquestionably possessed that genius which is so akin to madness, and who now lies in prison charged with the murder of his wife.


"SUMMARY OF EVENTS", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 June 1889), 2

[News], The Argus (31 May 1889), 4

"THE PLAISTED FAMILY FUND", The Argus (26 September 1889), 8

Bibliography and resources:

"Philip Charles Plaisted"; 

John Maidment, "Baptist Church, Collins Street, Melbourne", Organ Historical Trust of Australia (2016) 



Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-59


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (12 February 1858), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1859), 4

PLATTS, Charles (Charles George Eastland PLATTS; Charles PLATTS)

Musician, music teacher, pianist, organist, music-seller

Born London, 9 December 1813; baptised St. James, Piccadilly, 2 January 1814
Married Mary Ann BATT, St. James, Westminster, 16 July 1835
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 13 April 1839
Died Mitcham, SA, 14 November 1871, aged 58 (TROVE public tag)


He was the son of James Platts, a music-seller of Berwick Street, London, and his wife Sarah. In April 1839, Charles Platts, "late Organist of St. Mary's, Aldermary, and St. Paul's Chapel, Great Portland-street", announced his arrival from London, and begged "to offer his services as teacher of the Piano Forte, which he has studied under the most eminent foreign and English masters". In September he was organist of Trinity Church. In October Platts, "the organist", played the Dead March from Saul at the funeral of Colonel Light, delivered "a lecture on the Music of the 17th Century" at the Mechanics' Institute (with illustrations including "a concerto from Corelli" and Purcell's song Mad Tom) and was billed as "Director of the Music" (and Philip Lee leader of the orchestra) for Cameron's Dramatic Entertainments.

In December 1839, he and another recent arrival, George Bennett, were advertising jointly as "Professors and Teachers of the Pianoforte, Violin and Singing" as well as offering music and instruments for sale, along with tuning and repairs. In February 1840 they advertised Adelaide's "first professional concert". However, by August 1843, he was curtailing his musical activities, as reported:

We regret to learn that the congregation of Trinity Church are deprived of Mr Platts's performances on the Seraphine. He has been for four years a practical and able director of the congregational singing. The tasteful pieces which he executed pleasingly filled up those long intervals which occur between certain portions of the Church of England service. The great liabilities of the Trustees, is we believe the cause of their dispensing with the instrument.

Platts became the town's leading bookseller, and in 1860 assisted Cesare Cutolo in publishing his song God bless you, farewell and his piano nocturne Remembrances of the pyramids.

Having spent some years in Britain, Platts resumed his business in Adelaide, but was insolvent by early 1871, and he died in November. According to his obituary:

His kindly spirit and quaint and genial humour attracted all who knew him intimately, and he received a gratifying proof of the esteem in which he was held in the number of friends who rallied round him in his late misfortunes. His love of music and his skill in that science brought him into connection with the profession very soon after his arrival; but in after years his increasing business connections absorbed the whole of his attention.


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (13 April 1839), 4

MUSICAL. MR. PLATTS, late Organist of St. Mary's Aldermary, and St. Paul's Chapel, Great Portland-street, has the honor to announce his arrival from London, and begs to offer his services as teacher of the Piano Forte, which he has studied under the most eminent foreign and English masters. Address to the office of this paper.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 September 1839), 3

"DEATH OF COLONEL LIGHT. THE FUNERAL", South Australian Register (12 October 1839), 4

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 4

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE - On Friday week, Mr. Platts gratified the members of the Literary Association by delivering a lecture on the Music of the 17th century. He was duly assisted by Messrs. Bennett and Ewens who have recently arrived from Chichester. We congratulate the colony upon this accession of musical talent. Mr. Platts, after an interesting narrative of the progress of the science at that period, illustrated his subject by several beautiful performances, among which we may particularly "Non Nobis Domine" - the duet "Could a man be secure" - a beautiful concerto from Corelli - Purcell's song "Mad Tom" - and "God save the Queen." The company was extremely numerous and respectable, and repeatedly evinced their gratification with the performance. At the close of the lecture, the Secretary suggested the propriety of having an amateur concert for the benefit of the Infirmary. We hope that our fellow colonists may encourage the project, and have frequent opportunities, in the present dearth of public amusement, of enjoying the innocent and intellectual recreation derived from music.

[Advertisement], South Australian (30 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1839), 6 

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT IN ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 6

On a spot that three years ago was a desert waste, now stands a public assembly room. In a place that no longer ago was a howling wilderness, is now advertised the first professional Concert. Where the owl shrieked, and the wild dog yelled in emulation of his savage master, the strains of art and fancy - the notes of Beethoven, Martini, Bishop, &c., are to sing their varied melody. Success to you, Messrs. Platts and Bennett, we know not your performers, and speak not of merits which we can only guess at; but credit and encouragement be yours for the attempt. A crowded and a good natured audience, we hope, will smile upon your efforts.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 1 

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
CONCERT - at Mr Solomon's Rooms, Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" . . . Handel.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS. - "Here in cool grot" . . . Mornington.
SONG - Mr EDWARDS "Mariners of England . . . Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr BENNETT . . . Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, "E fia Ver" . . . Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath" . . . Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth." . . . Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus." . . . Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" . . . Bishop.
SONG - Mr EWENS, "Maiden I will ne'er" . . . Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Ma Fanchette." . . . Herz and Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, "Would you know [my Celia's charms]" . . . Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be had at this office, at the Southern Australian office, and at Messrs. Platts and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the Church.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4 

The first professional concert given in Adelaide on Thursday night was so successful, and so numerously attended by the most respectable inhabitants, that we confidently look forward to an early repetition of the attempt. Making due allowance for the embarrassment of first appearances, we can conscientiously say that the whole affair was worthy of most, and superior to many, similar entertainments which are "got up" in the provincial towns of England, boasting of a population double that of Adelaide. The concerted pieces were perhaps the most defective. Instrumental music admits of no mediocrity; but the songs were very respectably given. The most ambitious effort of the evening, Mercandante's duett "E, fia ver," was creditably sung by Mr Platts and Mrs Elliott. Mr Ewens, who is a steady, and evidently a good, musician, sustained his part in several glees, and sung a very sweet English song by Rodwell, the name of which we forget at this moment, with great simplicity and taste. Mr Edwards gave Neukomm's "Mariners of England" with much vigour, and he afterwards introduced another very beautiful song, well suited to his superb voice, in which he was rapturously encored. Lord Mornington's celebrated glee "Here in cool grot," and Webbe's catch "Would you know" gave very general pleasure, although we thought they might have been done greater justice to had the singers possessed the advantage of a little more practice and a better knowledge of each other's powers. Upon the whole, however, the concert was a good one, and such as we would willingly, and as we earnestly hope to see, in Adelaide for the future at no distant intervals.

[News], South Australian (4 August 1843), 2

"PROVINCIAL GRAND LODGE OF MASONS", South Australian Register (16 November 1854), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1871), 4

"OBITUARY", South Australian Register (5 December 1871), 6s

MR. CHARLES PLATTS. - Another of our early colonists has been removed from us by death. Mr. Charles George Eastland Platts, who for about a third of a century carried on business as bookseller and stationer in Adelaide, died on Tuesday, November 14, at his residence near Mitcham. Mr. Platts was formerly an organist in one of the churches in the City of London. He arrived in the colony in 1839, and commenced business in Gilles-arcade, whence he subsequently removed to more commodious premises in Hindley-street, nearly opposite Rosina-street. Still later he opened the extensive premises at the corner of King William and Hindley streets, and for several years his success in business was very great. Mr. Platts then visited Europe with a view to recruiting his health, and returned to the colony some three or four years ago. But his constitution, which was never very strong, gave way beneath the pressure of accumulated troubles and disappointments. Under careful medical treatment his health latterly seemed to have been partially restored; but a somewhat sudden relapse took place on Monday evening, and at 2 o'clock on Tuesday morning his sufferings were relieved by death. Mr. Platts was a quiet inoffensive citizen, who in life was very generally respected. He has left behind him a wife and a large circle of friends to deplore his death. His kindly spirit and quaint and genial humour attracted all who knew him intimately, and he received a gratifying proof of the esteem in which he was held in the number of friends who rallied round him in his late misfortunes. His love of music and his skill in that science brought him into connection with the profession very soon after his arrival; but in after years his increasing business connections absorbed the whole of his attention. The immediate cause of death was rheumatic gout. It was thought he was recovering from a sharp attack, and he was congratulating himself on recovering the use of his legs and hand when the disease suddenly attacked the brain. For a few hours his sufferings were intense, but delirium supervened, and in that state he died.

Bibliography and resources:

George Loyau, Notable South Australians, 259

PLOCK, Adam (Adam PLOCK; Herr PLOCK)

Musician, professor of music, band leader, composer, arranger

Born Hesse Cassel, Germany, 13 October 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Windsor, Melbourne, VIC, 2 June 1903, "aged 78 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PLOCK, Gertrude Gerhard Louisa (Miss PLOCK)

Musician, violinist, bandmaster

Died Flinders Island, SA, 27 April 1927


A notice in The Argus in 1900 records the golden anniversary of the wedding of Adam Plock and Louisa Hickling at the parish church, St. Ann's, Jamaica, on 2 October 1850. His name appeared in a testimonial from a Mrs. Thom among an impressive list of "Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne" in December 1855. He was an elector at Emerald Hill, Victoria, in July 1859, and for most of the 1860s was a clothier, outfitter, and tobacconist. At the Fourth Anniversary of the German Gymnastic Association on 1 May 1863, "Mr. A Plock next gave - "Victoria, the Land of our Adoption", probably a toast rather than a song. He advertised in a meeting of the musicians engaged for the Freemasons' Ball in August 1869, and appearing as a witness in a court case in June 1871 was described as a "musician".

In April 1872, he organised a benefit concert for George Coppin after "his late severe losses by the burning of the Theatre Royal" (at which he was assisted by Siede, Schott and Herz), and in April 1873 a concert featuring several of his own and other teachers' pupils. According to a report in September 1877: "Herr Plock, of Melbourne, has formed a ladies' band, of whom three play violins and one violoncello". He appears to have had in-house associations with W. H. Glen & Co., since as early as 1875 when "the excellent band of Messrs. Glen and Plock" was mentioned, and as conductor by 1876 of Nicholson and Ascherberg's Band, a string and brass ensemble of 80 men.

At his death in 1903 he left "real estate valued at £1,110 and personal property valued at £1,156 in trust for the benefit of his widow, children, and grandchildren".


[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 July 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (2 May 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 August 1869), 8

"SECRETS OF THE MISTLETOE", The Argus (22 June 1871), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1872), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 April 1873), 8

[News], The Argus (10 March 1875), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1876), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Musical Times (1 December 1876), 709 

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 February 1877), 8

"Marriages", The Argus (26 May 1877), 1

"MELBOURNE GOSSIP", Gippsland Times (14 September 1877), 4

. . . A lady plays the harp in the Opera House band during the performance of "Lohengrin." In Simonsen's Opera band a young lady played the flute. Herr Plock, of Melbourne, has formed a ladies' band, of whom three play violins and one violoncello. In Vienna there is a ladies' orchestra of twenty-five performers, including violins, violincellos, flutes, and other instruments . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1878), 8

"HERR PLOCK'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Argus (19 January 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1880), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 August 1881), 16

"Herr Adam Plock", Table Talk (15 March 1889), 6 

. . . Herr Adam Plock was born in 1824, near Hessen Cassel, in Germany. His father was the curate of the Calvinistic Church in the village, while his grandfather, George Plock, served under Frederick the Great in the seven years' war, and won much distinction for his bravery, at the same time having the good luck to be wounded only once. Adam Plock was instructed in music by his father until he made such progress that he was placed under Herr Ritter for the violin and clarionette, and shortly after Dr. Volkner was chosen as his tutor for the piano. The young man was regarded by all his friends and acquaintances as possessing great musical genius, and high expectations wore formed of him. However, in 1842 Adam Plock left his native land and embarked for New York, for the double purpose of seeing the world and winning a reputation. His resolution and energy were all the more remarkable inasmuch as he could not speak a word of English, and did not have a single acquaintance. Yet, on the second night of his arrival in New York, he was engaged by the manager of a French opera company to play second violin in the orchestra. Once he gained a footing, he worked his way steadily forward, and his next engagement was as double bass player in the orchestra of an opera company sailing for Kingston, Jamaica. He liked the island so much that he accepted the position of organist at St. Ann's, which he continued to hold till he sailed for Victoria . . . During his residence in Jamaica, Herr Plock visited Panama, Lima, and several other notable South American towns . . . Herr Plock set foot in Melbourne in 1853, and at once fell in with an old shipmate, the later Mr. John Hydes - popularly known and Johnny Hydes - who was at that time successfully managing the old Queen's Theatre in Queen Street. Hydes engaged Herr Plock to play double bass at this theatre, and his second engagement was with George Coppin at the Olympic . . .

"A TALK WITH HERR PLOCK", The Australasian (5 August 1893), 24 

. . . At the age of 15 I landed in New York in company with a five-franc piece. I didn't know much moosic then, but as no one else did I got plenty to do. After a time I went to Jamaica and got married, returned to America, and came out here. My first engagement was at the old Queen's Theatre, where I played the clarionet, double bass, and a few other instruments . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (6 October 1900), 9

PLOCK - HICKLING. - On the 2nd October, 1850, by special license from Sir Charles Edward Gray, Governor of Jamaica, W.I., at the parish church, St. Ann's, by Rector John Smith, Adam Plock to Louisa Hickling, daughter of George Hickling, Esq., Clarmont, Pedroes, St. Ann's, Jamaica. (Golden wedding.)

"Deaths", The Argus (3 June 1903), 1

"MELBOURNE GOSSIP, BY VIVA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (10 June 1903), 1418 

The keen frosts of last week "slit the thin-spun thread" of the lives of several Victorian veterans . . . Herr Plock was another of the veterans who succumbed to the frosts. He died last Tuesday at the ripe age of 78. The old bandmaster appeared at balls with his musicians until some three months since, when his daughter took his place as conductor of the baud. Miss Plock inherits her father's gift, and is in request at all the fashionable balls of the season. Experienced dancers declare that there is no music like that of Plock's Band, and the belles and beaux of Melbourne ballrooms have a kindly feeling for the old bandmaster just called to his rest. His dance music was calculated to make "Soft eyes look love to eyes that spoke again." On his retirement Lady Madden organised a subscription for him among his friends. A sweet and womanly letter, very characteristic of the writer, appeared in the daily press from the wife of the Chief Justice. She reminded those who had danced to the strains of Plock's Band how often the old musician had played the accompaniment to the sweetest song of their lives, and asked them to make a purse as an expression of sympathy with Herr Plock, whose last days had been somewhat clouded by financial embarrassments. A purse with more than £50 in it reached the veteran the day before his death with a kindly letter from Lady Madden. Melbourne society is not yet altogether heartless.

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (30 July 1903), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1903), 2

Selected musical works:

Plock's little footsteps galop (Melbourne: J. C. W. Nicholson, [1874]), based on popular song 

Queen of the woods waltz ("introducing the admired melodies To the wood, and Breathe not at parting") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1877]) 

Elsa waltz on airs from Lohengrin ("by A. Plock"; "Respectfully dedicated to Miss Bowen") ([Melbourne]: A. Plock, [1878])

Stolen kisses waltz, in Glen's Exhibition Album (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1880])

The Age polka (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1880])

New highland schottische ("arranged by A. Plock") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) 

The Bulletin polka (Supplement to the Melbourne Bulletin (3 March 1882)) 

Fatinitza polka ("arranged by A. Plock") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881])

Bibliography and resources

George Washington Peck, Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: with sketches of Lima, and a voyage round the world (New York: Scribner, 1854), 123 

. . . At the theatre was a German Double bass player, whom I had known in Boston . . .


Composer, music critic, choral director, conductor, teacher

Born Islington, London, England, 1842
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 June 1878 (on the Assam, via Bombay)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, February 1891
Died London, England, 2 April 1902 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)

TASCA, Carlotta (Mrs. Alfred PLUMPTON; Carlotta TASCA; Madame TASCA; Charlotte TASKER)

Pianist, organist, lyricist, songwriter, teacher of music

Died London, England, 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)




An Alfred Plumpton, a London vocalist, appeared in Sydney in 1869, by 1871 his promoters billing him as "the great Tenor, the Sims Reeves of Australia". Was this perhaps Alfred's father (mentioned in his later publicity)? Or even Alfred himself?

Alfred and his wife Carlotta Tasca anyway arrived in Melbourne in June 1878 from Bombay. The patriotic song To arms, to arms "composed by Mr. Alfred Plumpton, the words by Madame Tasca, both of whom are now in this city" Carlotta Tasca was introduced by Emily Soldene that month.

He was musical director at Presbyterian Ladies' College (1883-86) where he taught the pianist-novelist Henry Handel Richardson, and choir director at St. Francis's Church and St. Patrick's Cathedral; music critic for the Melbourne Age and Leader (from 1882), and the Victorian Review (1882-83); and president of the Society of Musicians of Australasia (1890). At a banquet in Melbourne Town Hall on the departure of the governor and his wife for Mauritius in 1879, his setting of Marcus Clarke's poem Victoria's farewell to Lady Bowen (see other Clarke setting below) was sung, and Tasca played his piano fantasia Hibernian echoes. His Mass in G for choir and orchestra, first performed at the cathedral in January 1881 and repeated several times that year, has disappeared, though some organ works have survived.

Other larger compositions included the cantatas The apotheosis of Hercules (1882) and Endymion (1882), and The Victorian Jubilee ode (words by Edwin Exon) for the Metropolitan Liedertafel in 1887. His two-act opera, I due studenti was premiered by the New Italian Opera Company in December 1887. In 1890 he conducted a season with Nellie Stewart's opera company, and in 1891 Stewart, Plumpton and Tasca left for England. Later, in 1895, J. C. Williamson's toured the operetta An arcadian eve (libretto: Huan Mee) to Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. He was a prolific composer of published songs both in London and Australia, many with words by Tasca.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1871), 4


[News], The Argus (20 February 1879), 5

"PLUMPTON'S MASS", The Argus (10 January 1881), 6


"THE MELBOURNE MUSIC FESTIVAL. ENDYMION", The Argus (27 December 1882), 7

"THE OPERA I DUE STUDENTI", The Argus (28 December 1887), 5

"THE EVENING CONCERT", The Argus (5 October 1888), 10

"Social", Table Talk (9 May 1890), 14

The children's operetta of "Red Riding Hood," in aid of St. Mark's Parish Mission, was performed on Thursday evening, May 1, before a crowded audience in the Fitzroy Town-Hall. The operetta has been carefully dramatized by Miss A. M. Heinbockel from the cantata of the same name, and her efforts have resulted in such complete success as to win for her widespread praise and approbation. The principal character, Red Riding Hood, was sustained by Miss Louie Nathan with good effect, and with her ware creditably associated Miss Nellie M'Williams, Master Davies, Master Favargor, Miss Adelaide Osmond, Miss Marie Carroll, Miss Cara Plumpton, and Miss Dora Palmer. One of the attractions of the operetta was the fairy dance by the pupils of the Misses Hyams. The accompanist, Miss Louie Kennedy, got through her part of the work skilfully.

[News], The Argus (13 February 1891), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", South Australian Register (2 July 1895), 6

"OBITUARY. MR. ALFRED PLUMPTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1902), 7

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (5 April 1902), 4

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Australasian (10 May 1902), 45

(FROM A SPECIAL, CORRESPONDENT.) LONDON, April 4. Mr. Alfred Plumpton, who has just died, was a man who had made many friends, though his stronghold was what might be termed cultured Bohemia. There he presided as a chief night after night, and not infrequently morning after morning, as a continuation; and the hours flew by to his favourite song of Melbourne memories. Plumpton did much for the musical dramatic profession. He was a brilliant conductor, a writer of tuneful music, and a very staunch friend to his friends. No vocalists from Australia wanting a trial ever appealed in vain to him as conductor of the orchestra at the Palace Theatre of Varieties. If they were not quite "up," the condemnatory verdict was accompanied with such kindly, encouraging advice that the applicant almost felt an engagement had been offered. It must have been a great change from the choirmastership of St. Francis's R.C. Church, Melbourne, to the orchestra of the Palace, But Plumpton, a natural cosmopolitan and man of the world, never seemed to realise that there had been a change. As a musician, in the conductor's chair, he did not have his superior in London, and the bold experiment of the Palace directors in engaging, at a handsome salary, a man of such ability was justified by their securing in return the patronage of the best and most fashionable audience that had ever visited a "Theatre of Varieties". He has left behind him a sturdy, bright-witted, and gifted daughter to console his widow, whom Australians may not have forgotten under her professional name of Madame Carlotta Tasca.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (12 July 1902), 5 

The death is announced of Madame Carlotta Tasca, widow of Alfred Plumpton, whose death was also recorded quite recently. Madame Tasca was for many years a successful teacher of music in Melbourne, and, in addition to her musical gifts, was a highly cultivated woman. She died at her residence, Highgate, London, after a long illness.

Marcus Clarke settings:

This is love("song; words by Marcus Clarke"), in Nicholson's Australian musical magazine 41 (1897)

Those vanished years ("song, written by Marcus Clarke . . . sung by Maggie Stirling") (Melbourne: Marian Clarke, 1898) 

What hopes the patriot's bosom holds ("written by Marcus Clarke"), in Nicholson's musical magazine 58 (1901) 

Other works (selection):

Overture Macbeth (for orchestra; performed Melbourne, October 1888)

Darling (words: Carlotta Tasca; "Sung by Mr. Armes Beaumont"), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 July 1889), 12-13

Oh, lovely voices of the sky (hymn for Christmas; words: Mrs. Hemans; "Dedicated to Miss Fraser, Toorak"), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 January 1890), 12-13 


Professor of music, organist, pianist, piano tuner

Born c. 1819
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 March 1849 (per Athenian, from London)
Died Norwood, SA, 27 August 1886, in his 68th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (7 March 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (3 April 1849), 1

[News], South Australian Register (26 May 1849), 2

. . . One object of the special services at St. John's Church, as advertised in another column, is a reduction or extinction of a debt of £181. His Excellency has signified his intention to the present, and Mr. Plumstead, an eminent organist lately arrived from England, will preside at the organ. 

[News], South Australian Register (30 May 1849), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (24 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (30 April 1852), 3

"THE ST. PAUL'S TEA MEETING. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (2 June 1855), 2

"CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1856), 2

"ANGASTON", The South Australian Advertiser (22 November 1869), 5

"POPULAR CONCERT AT PORT ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (18 July 1882), 5

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (28 August 1886), 4

PLUNKET, Charles Thomas (Charles T. PLUNKET; PLUNKETT)

Church organist, amateur musician, chemist, pharmacist

Born Waterford, Ireland, c.1828/31
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1853
Died Melbourne, VIC, 3 June 1902, aged 74 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Age (13 July 1858), 1 

"THE LATE MR. C. T. PLUNKET, J.P.", Advocate (7 June 1902), 12 

It is with much regret that we have to announce the death of a very old and highly respected colonist - Mr. C. T. Plunket, J.P.. The deceased gentleman came from the Old Land some fifty years ago, and entered into business as a chemist and druggist in Lonsdale-street, where he resided till the time of his death . . . [He] was a native of Waterford, Ireland, and came to Melbourne February 7th, 1853 . . . His father was Count Charles Plunket, an officer of the Royal Regiment of Malta, who served with distinction in the British and foreign service. His mother, who afterwards became Mrs. W. Furlong, was an accomplished musician, and from her he inherited his love for music, particularly that of a sacred character. On his arrival here he was appointed by the late Archbishop Goold organist of St. Francis' Church, where he played for many years till the late Miss Wilkinson took charge of the choir. Of late years he played for St. Francis' vesper choir, in which he evinced intense interest. He took no part in municipal or in political matters; but as regarded every movement for the general good, or the relief of the poor and the needy, the late Mr. Plunket was ever ready with a kind word and practical assistance . . . Mr. Plunket was in his 74th year.

Bibliography and resources:

Rankin 1979, 26

Bryne 1995, 20-21



Born Albury, NSW, 1883 (TROVE public tag)



Musical work:

The federal march by Iva Plunkett, respectfully dedicated to Rev. Father O'Sullivan [Melbourne]: Troedel & Co., [1900])

Composer's own copy, now at National Library of Australia 

PLUNKETT, John Hubert

Amateur violinist, founder and president Sydney Philharmonic Society, lecturer on ancient Irish music, patron of music, attorney general of NSW

Born Roscommon, Ireland, June 1802
Arrived Sydney, NSW, June 1832 (per Southworth)
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 9 May 1869 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)

PLUNKETT, Maria Charlotte (McDONOUGH)

Pianist, vocalist, music teacher

Died Sydney, NSW, August 1895

John Hubert Plunkett, Heads of the people (3 July 1847)

John Hubert Plunkett, Heads of the people (3 July 1847) frontispiece (DIGITISED)


According to his biographer John Maloney (The native-born: the first white Australians, 165), Plunkett was "an authority on Irish music. His main recreation was that of playing Mozart and Haydn on his Cremona violin". In 1865 he gave his own violin to the touring blind violinist Joseph Heine:

. . . nearly 250 years old, having been made in thee year 1610, by Galpard Duippo, an Italian. On the sides is a Latin inscription: "When I was alive I was silent-now I am dead I speak". The back of the violin is beautifully inlaid with choice woods, representing a township in Italy; and a carved head surmounts the scroll. To-night, at Mr. and Mrs. Heine's farewell entertainment this instrument will be played on . . .

Plunkett was also a founder and president of the Sydney Philharmonic Society, and played violin in its whose orchestra. His wife and cousin, Maria Plunkett, was a fine amateur singer and pianist; Edward Boulanger dedicated a Caprice sur Norma to her, printed in his Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856.

Plunkett's niece, Georgina Keon dedicated her The Twofold Bay waltzes to him and his wife in 1864.

According to Molony 1973 (261, note 52) there is a manuscript book of music in Plunkett's hand among Plunkett's papers in the Makinson, Plunkett, D'Apice collection (State Library of New South Wales) (on this collection of Plunkett's papers, see Molony 1973, xii)


Abel du Petit-Thouars, Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate la Vénus, pendant les années 1836-1839 . . . tome troisième

(Paris: Gide, éditeur, 1841), 287-89 

Le 12 décembre [1838], il ne nous restait plus que quelques jours à passer à Sydney: j'en profitai pour aller faire un pélerinage au monument commémoratif de Lapérouse. M. Plunkett, attorney-général, magistrat d'une haute capacité, qui jouissait à Sydney d'une grande et juste considération, que l'esprit de parti et celui de secte même n'empêchaient pas de reconnaître, nous offrit de se joindre à nous pour ce pélerinage, ainsi que MM. Thomson, secrétaire-général de la colonie, et Therry, substitut du procureur-général; mesdames Plunkett, Thomson, Therry, voulurent aussi être de la partie, qui devint ainsi une véritable caravane. . . Madame Thomson, fille du général Bourke, précédent gouverneur de cette colonie, douée d'une voix étendue, fraîche et facile, avait un talent de musique trèsremarquable , qui ne pouvait être égalé que par sa complaisance. Quoique nous fussions en plein vent, et qu'elle n'eût pour accompagnement que le bruit de la mer, venant se briser au pied de la roche qui nous servait de salon, loin de se faire prier, elle chanta avec une bonne grâce charmante de délicieux morceaux de Rossini. Madame Plunkett, élevée dans le couvent des Oiseaux, à Paris, ne fut pas moins complaisante, et chanta aussi souvent qu'elle en fut priée.

"OUR LYCEUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 October 1858), 2

The honorable and learned John Hubert Plunkett made his first bow on the stage last Tuesday evening as "The Ancient Bard of Ireland", the performances being in aid of the Fund for the distressed tenanthry at Donegal, in Ireland. The Muses greeted the honorable debutant in a terrible shower of rain, through which rushed young and old, and great numbers of the Sydney fair who disregarded such trifles as mud and wet in their laudable eagerness to support by their eighteenpences and their countenances, the debutant in his generous exertion to do good. Without pretending to compare the Hon. Mr. Plunkett either to Paganini or Miska Hauser, we award him the meed of being a "first fiddle", too good for such a place as Toogood's, for instance. Several ladies and gentlemen amateurs assisted the hon. debutant with both vocal and instrumental music; but we must confess to having sustained some disappointment at hearing no song from Mr. Plunkett himself, having attended with all our Staff for the express purpose of joining in the "coal-box". However, the entertainment elicited enthusiastic applause throughout, the house being crowded in every part.

"ANCIENT MUSIC OF IRELAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1858), 5 

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7

"LECTURE ON ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC", Empire (12 March 1861), 5

"LECTURE ON ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (13 March 1861), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1862), 1

"COMPLEMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. AND MRS. HEINE", Empire (5 September 1865), 5 

[News], The Brisbane Courier (23 October 1865), 2

We understand that the hon. John Hubert Plunkett, of Sydney, has presented to Mr. Joseph Heine a magnificent violin, nearly 250 years old, having been made in the year 1616, by Galpard Duippo [sic], an Italian. On the sides is a Latin inscription: "When I was alive I was silent; now I am dead I speak." The back of the violin is beautifully inlaid with choice woods, representing a township in Italy; and a carved head surmounts the scroll.

The violin "maker" named is probably rightly Gasparo Duiffopruggar (Italianised form of Tieffenbrucker) active in the mid-1500s as a viol maker. Most instruments bearing his "label" mid and late 19th-century Parisian reproductions.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (2 December 1871), 1 

MRS. JOHN HUBERT PLUNKETT is compelled by painful necessity to try to support herself, and is most anxious to receive PUPILS in Music and French. Mrs. J. H. Plunkett is well known to the people of Sydney from her youth, and now earnestly solicits their patronage in her unfortunate circumstances. Address 3, Lady Young-terrace, Bridge-street.

Bibliography and resources:

T. L. Suttor, "Plunkett, John Hubert (1802-1869)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

John Molony, John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869 (Ph.D thesis, Australian National University, 1971)

John Molony, An architect of freedom: John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869 (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1973) 

POINGDESTRE, Mary Eleanor (Mary Eleanor AGNEW; Mrs. Lyndon Phillipe POINGDESTRE; Mrs. POINGDESTRE)

Harpist, teacher of the harp

Born Saint Barthélemy, Channel Islands, 22 July 1810
Married Lyndon Philip POINGDESTRE, St. Helier, Jersey, 1 July 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 July 1849 (per Hydaspes, from Liverpool, 31 March)
Died Bowen, QLD, 7 March 1880


"ARRIVED", The Argus (21 July 1849), 2

July 20. - Hydaspes, barque, 595 tons, Hugh Stewart, commander, from Liverpool, 31st March. Passengers - (cabin) Mrs. Taylor and 2 children, Mrs. Wilkie and 2 children, Mr. Poigndestre, Mrs. Poigndestre and family . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1850), 3 

Education. MRS POINGDESTRE undertakes the Education of a limited number of Young Ladies, and has vacancies for a few as Boarders or Day Pupils. Mrs. Poingdestre will give lessons at her house in different styles of Drawing as also lessons on the Harp. References kindly permitted to the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, and Messrs. H. G. Ashurst, and G. S. Brodie. Collingwood, next door to the Sheriff.

"THE HARP", The Argus (1 January 1850), 2 

We are assured upon good authority that Mrs. Poingdestre, of Collingwood, adds to the other accomplishments she teaches, a very considerable proficiency upon the harp. We trust that our fair young friends will thank us for the hint, and insist upon their stingy papas relenting so far as to allow them a few lessons on an instrument, which the dear creatures know to present great advantages in the exhibition of an elegant figure, as well as the usual graces of musical taste and execution.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1865), 6 

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (22 March 1880), 2 

POINGDESTRE. - On the 7th March, at the residence of her son-in-law (A. C. Macmillan, Lornsleigh, Bowen, Queensland), in the 69th year of her age, Mary Elinor, widow of the late Lyndon Philippe Poingdestre, of Monteprate, Jersey, only daughter of Major Agnew (for some time Colonial Secretary of Dominica) and cousin of Sir Andrew Agnew, of Lochnaw Castle, Scotland.

Bibliography and resources:

? Perhaps related by marriage to "Poingdestre, Henry", TE ARA / Encyclopedia of New Zealand

POLHILL, Victoria (Miss POLHILL)


Born Devon, England, July-September 1837
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 February 1853 (per Calcutta, from Plymouth, 3 October 1852)
Active Adelaide, SA, ? until 1860
Married Pearce BARTON, Mount Barker, SA, 22 November 1860
Died Mount Victoria, NSW, 25 September 1899


Six members of the Polhill family reportedly arrived in South Australia early in 1853; from one slightly garbled newspaper report, we can probably identify them as Sarah, widow of Baker Polhill of Plymouth, 4 daughters and a son (Baker junior). In March "Mrs. Polhill and daughters" advertised that, having "conducted a Ladies' School" in England, they were now seeking pupils locally. The eldest daughter, Helen, died in December 1853, aged 29; another, Sophia Louisa, died in February 1856; Charlotte married Horace Dean in 1853; leaving the youngest, Victoria, to marry Pearce Barton, of Mount Barker, in November 1860. By a process of elimination, Victoria, then, was probably the pianist active in Adelaide concerts in 1859 and early 1860.


"ARRIVED", Adelaide Times (5 February 1853), 3 

. . . Misses [? recte Mrs.] Sarah, [? Misses] Helen, Charlotte, Sophia, Victoria, and Mr. Baker Polhill . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 March 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1853), 2 

LADIES' BOARDING AND DAY-SCHOOL. THEBARTON. MRS. POLHILL has vacancies for four ladies as BOARDERS at her Establishment, where the health and improvement of the pupils are always studied. Miss Polhill has a drawing Class on Wednesdays and Saturdays; she also gives lessons in Music, Painting on Glass, Leather Work for frames, etc. Terms and references may be had on application at their residence.

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (16 July 1859), 2 

. . . Mr. White, very nicely accompanied on the pianoforte by Miss Polhill, whose unobtrusive but accurate playing gave great satisfaction, gave a charming solo upon the violin by Alard . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (29 February 1860), 1 

"MARRIAGE", South Australian Register (23 November 1860), 2 

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1899), 1 


Singer, labourer

Born c. 1826
Died (murdered) Dandalup, WA, 21 February 1844


"QUARTER SESSIONS", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (6 April 1844), 2 

John Gaven was indicted for the wilful murder of George Pollard of the Dandalup River, laborer. This case excited considerable interest and the court was crowded. The prisoner was about 15 years of age, and the deceased seventeen . . .

Jane Pollard, mother of the deceased: I remember Ash Wednesday, 21st Feb. last. About the middle of that day, between 12 and 1 o'clock, prisoner came in to dinner, and my son, the deceased, sent him for a gimblet to the carpenter's shop . . .

. . . I then tried to sleep again, but was disturbed by the deceased beginning to sing; he was then in his room, a lean-to, next to my bedroom, and the partition wall has not been filled so that I could hear partly what he said, but not all. The last words I heard him sing were -

"And when we close these gates again
We will be all true blue."

The sound of singing then suddenly ceased. I lay a little longer, but I was aroused by some feeling I could not account for, and I leapt out of bed . . .

. . . I know that deceased had borrowed a book of songs. I found the book of songs in the deceased's bed at the time I went to his bedside. The next day I looked into the book to find the words I had heard him singing, but could not. Afterwards my daughter found the words in a page glued to another page by blood, I did not see any stains of blood on prisoner's clothes . . .

I never saw the prisoner reading out of the book produced. I have heard him humming a tune at different times, but I never remember to have heard him sing any words. The tunes prisoner hummed were not psalm tunes to my knowledge . . .

Thomas Pollard. I am a son of last witness. I recollect the day my brother was killed . . . I never heard prisoner sing or read out of the book produced. I have heard deceased sing songs out of it in prisoner's hearing, who did not appear at all annoyed at the songs, but continued with whatever he was about . . .

The chairman after recapitulating the evidence commented upon the legal points in the case . . . His painful duly now was to pass the sentence of the law, that he should be taken to the prison from whence he came, and from thence be conveyed on Saturday next to some convenient spot, where he should be hanged by the neck until he was dead, and then suspended in chains, and might Almighty God for Jesus Christ's sake have mercy on his sinful soul.

"CONFESSION OF THE MURDER OF GEORGE POLLARD", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (6 April 1844), 3

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Inquirer (10 April 1844), 2

. . . I knew deceased

"CASE OF THE KILLER WHO WANTED A MOTHER'S LOVE", Mirror (16 February 1953), 8 

POLLARD, Joseph Henry (Joseph Henry POLLARD; Mr. J. H. POLLARD; J. Henry POLLARD, R.A.M.; A.R.A.M.)

Pianist, baritone vocalist, Professor of Italian and English Singing, the Pianoforte, and Composition, music class instructor, choral conductor, music retailer, songwriter, composer

Born Devon, England, c. 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1857 (per Columbian, from Southampton, 14 January)
Departed Bendigo, VIC, by early 1864 (? direct for England)
Died Mentone, France, by early January 1903, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pollard, composer of several small works published in London in the early 1850s, and advertising as "of the Royal Academy of Music", made his first appearance in Melbourne on 30 March 1857 as co-artist to Anna Bishop, and with fellow Royal Academician, Laura Baxter, who had also arrived on the Columbian. By June-July, he was in Bendigo, appearing with Charles Thatcher, Julia Harland, and Miska Hauser, and with members of the Sandhurst Philharmonic Society. His vocal quartet The violet was given for the first time in July 1862.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (20 March 1857), 4 

"THE MELBOURNE HOSPITAL CONCERT", The Argus (30 March 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 March 1857), 8



. . . For this concert, Madame Bishop had, in addition to her own invaluable aid, enlisted the services of two newly-arrived vocalists of first class - Miss Laura Baxter and Mr J. H. Pollard; and those of the German "Liedertafel," a band of about twenty amateur musicians, who afforded the most effective assistance throughout the evening . . .

"CONCERT HALL, ADMIRAL HOTEL, LONG GULLY", Bendigo Advertiser, (17 June 1857), 3 

. . . The chief thing worthy of notice was a "local" song, sung by Mr. J. H. Pollard, entitled "The Reefer," music and words being his own; it deservedly received an encore, and we trust to hear more of this gentleman's compositions, as the one in question shows decided talent. Mr. Barwick presided at the piano in his usual able manner.

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1859), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC ONCE MORE. TO THE EDITOR", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1863), 1 

THE FOURTEENTH RE-UNION AND CONCERT of the SANDHURST CHORAL SOCIETY Will take place at THE TEMPERANCE HALL, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 5th. Several Vocal and Instrumental Novelties and Selections from Wallace's Opera, Maritana, will be produced. Conductor - Mr. J. H. Pollard.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 July 1864), 3 

. . . J. Fairchild, Piano-forte Maker. Music Saloon, Williamson-street, late J. H. Pollard.

"NEW MUSIC", Exeter and Plymouth Gazette [UK] (6 March 1868), 3

"Moonlight Musings by the Sea." A reverie, by J. Henry Pollard. London, Lamborn Cock, Addison and Co., 62 and 63, New Bond-street. This is graceful and attractive if not a highly original pianoforte piece. It is well constructed, carefully written, and has melodious theme underlying the light but not too elaborate accompaniment. In the hands of a moderate performer with a cultivated taste and a delicate touch "Moonlight Musings" would be an effective and elegant bagatelle.

[Advertisement], Thanet Advertiser [England] (6 June 1868), 2

MR. J. HENRY POLLARD, PROFESSOR of Italian and English Singing, and the Pianoforte, begs to announce that he visits Broadstairs and Margate weekly. All communications addressed to his residence, 15, Albion Place, Ramsgate.

"DEATHS", Kent & Sussex Courier (8 June 1898),

POLLARD. May 22nd, at Ramsgate, Elsie Emily, the wife of J. Henry Pollard, A.R A.M., and eldest daughter of the late W. D. Chantrell, of Bruges, Belgium.

"THE DEATH OF MR. J. HENRY POLLARD", Thanet Advertiser (24 January 1903), 5

Many Ramsgate people will learn with deep regret of the death of Mr. J. Henry Pollard, which occurred recently at Mentone. For many years the deceased gentleman resided at 3, Elms Park-terrace, The Elms, Ramsgate. He was a musician of considerable talent, and was well known in musical circles as a clever pianist and organist. He was also responsible for several compositions. Some thirty years since Mr. Pollard received the appointment of choirmaster and organist of St. George's Church, and during the time he filled that office he was very popular among all with whom his duties brought him into contact. Mr. Pollard was succeeded by Dr. Prior, but he and Mrs. Pollard continued to worship at the church. In politics the deceased gentleman was a Conservative, and he took an active interest in the work of the local habitation of the Primrose League. For some time past Mr. Pollard had not enjoyed good health, and in order to avoid the effects of the English winter he went to Mentone. He was seventy-four years of age.

Musical works:

St. Valentine's day, words by J. Burbidge; music by J. H. Pollard (London: Duff & Hodgson, [1852]) 


See also Weippert family

POLLARD, James Joseph

Pianoforte maker, musical instrument maker (from Collard and Collard, London), opera conductor and musical director

Born London, England, 10 June 1833; baptised St. Pancras, Camden, 4 August 1833 (son of James and Elizabeth POLLARD)
Married (1) Mary Eleanor WEIPPERT, London, 1853
Active Tasmania, by 1855
Married (2) Corunna Elizabeth WEIPPERT, 27 January 1876
Died Townsville, QLD, 1 May 1884

POLLARD, Mary Eleanor (WEIPPERT; Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [1])


Born c.1833 (daughter of William WEIPPERT (1810-1852); grand-daughter of John Michael WEIPPERT)
Married James Joseph POLLARD, London, 1853
Active Tasmania, by 1855
Died Launcetson, TAS, 7 July 1874, aged 41 years

POLLARD, Corunna Elizabeth (Miss WEIPPERT; Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [2])

Born London, England, 19 December 1846
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 14 March 1864
Married James Joseph POLLARD, Launceston, TAS, 27 January 1876
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 August 1906

The father of the sisters Mary and Corunna was John Michael WEIPPERT (1775/6-1831), a harpist, was a younger brother of the famous composer and bandmaster John Erhradt WEIPPERT (1766-1823); their mother, Corunna Gootch Bradford WEIPPERT (b. c.1809), came to Australia, and died at South Melbourne, 29 March 1899


POLLARD, James Joseph (junior)

Opera conductor and musical director (Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company)

Born Tasmania, 15 July 1856
Died Rangoon, India, 15 September 1883, aged 27

POLLARD, Henry John

Musician, double-bass player, conductor (Brisbane Liedertafel), mining engineer

Born Tasmania, 15 July 1857
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1931, aged 74

POLLARD, Charles Albert


Born Tasmania, 4 August 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1942

POLLARD, Corunna Louisa

Born Tasmania, 1 February 1860
Died USA, 7 July 1936

POLLARD, Frederick Nelson

Vocalist, flautist

Born Tasmania, 30 August 1864
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1933, in his 69th year

POLLARD, Emily Albertina

Born TAS, 9 September 1865
Died 3 September 1937

POLLARD, May Charlotte


Born Tasmania, 1 August 1868

POLLARD, Olive Pauline

Born Launceston, TAS, 18 January 1870
Died Hong Kong, 1952

POLLARD, William Thomas

Born TAS, 17 July 1871
Died Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 February 1945

POLLARD, Arthur Hayden Robert (1873-1940)


POLLARD, Ernest James Mozart (1876-1936)

POLLARD, Lillian Florence Elsie (1882-1975)



Opera company director

Born Launceston, TAS, 28 April 1857
Died Christchurch, NZ, 10 August 1922


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 March 1856), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (31 March 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (14 November 1865), 5

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

"PERJURY", Launceston Examiner (9 August 1870), 5

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (11 February 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (5 March 1881), 3

"POLLARD'S LILLIPUTIAN OPERA COMPANY", Launceston Examiner (11 March 1881), 2

"A FATAL ACCIDENT", The Mercury (3 November 1883), 2

Under this heading the Rangoon Times of the 15th September last, gives the following account of the death of a well-known Tasmanian: The good folks of Rangoon received a very painful and startling shock yesterday morning. Just about 2 o'clock the report of a pistol was heard in the British Burma Hotel, and on the inmates of the building turning out to see what was the matter, they found Mr. James Joseph Pollard, the musical director of Pollards Lilliputian Opera Company lying on his face at the head of one of the back staircases, with a revolver shot wound through his head, and a newly discharged revolver with two chambers still loaded, lying underneath him. The unfortunate man, who was quite insensible, was at once removed to his bed . . . the sufferer lingered till 10 minutes past 7, when he died, not having ever once recovered consciousness in the interval. The unfortunate man's death is believed to have been purely accidental. He was somewhat addicted to toying with firearms . . . Mr. Pollard was only 27 years of age. R.I.P.

"DEATH OF MR. J. POLLARD", Launceston Examiner (6 May 1884), 2 

Yesterday afternoon Mr. Sub-Inspector Sullivan received a telegram from his son, Mr. T. Sullivan, who has been the business manager for a long time past of Pollard's Liliputian [sic] Opera Troupe, stating that Mr. J. J. Pollard had died at Charters Towers, Queensland, where the company have recently been appearing. Mr. Pollard was, in failing health for some time prior to leaving India, and the death at Rangoon of his eldest son was a great blow to him. Mr. Pollard was widely known in Tasmania as he had been a resident of Launceston for some thirty years, carrying on his profession as piano forte tuner and teacher of music prior to entering into the operatic line of business. He had a very large family, some sixteen in all, whom he brought up creditably; and as a musical family we suppose they could not be equalled in the colonies. His success in the production of "Pinafore" in Launceston, with a company almost entirely composed of amateurs, led to his repeating this popular opera with a company of local juveniles with equal success, and he afterwards organised the juvenile company with which he has travelled through most of the Australian colonies, and visited India, Burmah, and Singapore, and he was returning home through Queensland at the time of his death.

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (5 July 1884), 18

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 March 1889), 1

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (22 August 1906), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1933), 8

"THE LATE F. N. POLLARD", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1933), 8

"OBITUARY . . . MR. F. N. POLLARD", The Mercury (22 July 1933), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Downes, The Pollards: a family and its child and adult opera companies in New Zealand and Australia, 1880-1910 (Wellington NZ: Steele Roberts, 2002)

"Pollard, Tom", The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company

May Pollard at SL-NSW

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company, Wikipedia’s_Lilliputian_Opera_Company 


Albert Francis Weippert, Emma Weippert, Lilliputian Opera Company, Alfred Hill

POLLITT, William


Active Williamstown, VIC, 1859-60


[Advertisement], Williamstown Chronicle (24 December 1859), 1 

THE Proprietor of the above hotel begs to inform his friends and the public that have kindly patronised his establishment for the last two years, that on account of his desire to afford them Amusement during the ensuing Holidays, that he intends giving a SERIES of CONCERTS every evening in the week; and for his friends' amusement he has engaged first-class talent, hoping he will have the pleasure of seeing them, in order that he may have the happiness of wishing them A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
MR. AND MRS. PENDLETON Will will introduce some of the most Celebrated Comic and Sentimental Ducts, for which they have obtained Australian renown.
The Celebrated Tenor Singer MR. HENDERSON, from Sydney, Will introduce some of the most Popular Songs of the day.
Will conclude the Evening's Entertainment with his inimitable Performances on the Bone Castinets and Three Tamborines, a feat never achieved by any other performer in the Colonies.
Musical Director and Pianist, Mr. W. POLLITT . . .

[Advertisement], Williamstown Chronicle (21 January 1860), 1 


Amateur bass-viol player, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s


"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 January 1844), 3

POOLE, Charles

Theatrical manager, proprietor

Born England, 1817
Active Australia, 1850s
Died Boston, USA, 1 December 1871

POOLE, Mrs. Charles


Died London, England, 1899


[News], The Era [London, England] (8 April 1899), 12

THE death is announced, at the age of seventy-two, of the widow of W. H. Stephens, an actor well known in London, particularly in connection with the production of Albery's Two Roses. As Mrs. Charles Poole she played the Marquise, in Caste. Her first husband was in the fifties associated in the management of the Prince of Wales's Theatre, Sydney, with Mr. Frank Howson, father of Mr. Charles E. Howson, of the Lyceum Theatre.

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (14 June 1905), 3 

POOLE, George F. (Mr. G. F. POOLE; George POOLE, junior)

Lecturer on music

Died Moggill, Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 6 May 1853


Poole, a chemist and druggist, who had been based in Sydney in the late 1840s, was in Brisbane by May 1848. Also a musical enthusiast, he lectured on the "Pleasures and Advantages of Music" at the Brisbane School of Arts in 1852, assisted by John Humby.


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 May 1848), 3 

"MARRIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 May 1849), 3 

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (23 October 1852), 3

"LECTURE AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 October 1852), 2

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Moreton Bay Courier (29 January 1853), 3 

On Monday evening last a musical entertainment, under the direction of Mr. G. F. Poole, was given at the Brisbane School of Arts. The attendance on the occasion was the most numerous that had ever been witnessed there, amounting to about three hundred and twenty persons, comprising most of the principal families of Brisbane . . . Mr. Poole, who was received in a most complimentary manner, opened the entertainment with some appropriate remarks upon the origin and power of music, and then introduced his assistants to the audience. Mr. Humby, who had given his services gratuitously, presided at the Pianoforte, and was assisted by two young ladies, his pupils . . . In the course of the evening, "James Alexander," a travelled aboriginal, whose case we mentioned in a former issue of this journal, was introduced, and created much amusement by his musical imitations on the walking stick, and his attempts to sing some of the popular Ethiopian airs . . .

"DIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (7 May 1853), 3

POOLE, W. Ebenezer

Horn player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Born UK, c.1825
Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


Ebenezer Poole, aged 18, appears in the sick list in the surgeon's journal of the Earl Grey (arrived 1843).


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2

The final concert of a series was given at the Military Barracks by Messrs T. Martin, A. Hill, W. Bromley, and W. Poole, of the band of the 99th Regiment, on Thursday evening, before a numerous company. In front of the stage we noticed Capt. Pratt and other officers of the garrison, Mr. and Mrs. Balfe, and many ladies. The musical performance, as must be the case with military bands men, was very good, especially the opening piece, the overture to "Guy Mannering."

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1855), 3


Musician, Violoncello player, double bass player, violinist

? Born England, c. 1810
Married (1) Ann SMITH, St. Luke's, Finsbury, 25 December 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 December 1837 (with wife, per Lady Emma from London, 3 August)
Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1841
Married (2) ?, June 1842
Married (3) Mary A. E. RYAN, Sydney, NSW, 1848
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1845-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1844


Benjamin Portbury married Ann Smith, at St. Luke's, Finsbury, London, on 25 December 1830. Having "worked eight years at the West End of London" as an upholsterer and paper hanger, Portbury sailed, with his wife, for South Australia in August 1837.

Portbury was billed a "Leader of the Orchestra" at the Theatre Royal, Adelaide in June 1838 (in succession to Philip Lee), having earlier advertised that "his present employment will enable him to devote a portion of his time" to his trade as a decorator. He was also a printer, a collecting agent for the South Australian Gazette, and honorary secretary of the Adelaide Land Company. In June 1839, he held a subscription ball, but shortly afterward absconded with funds from the land company, as was later long remembered.

Portbury was in Sydney by mid 1840, playing in the theatre orchestra, and in concerts for the Bushelles and Deanes, though apparently going by the name of "Parbury". By February 1841, with time and distance from Adelaide, he was again being listed under his own name. He also advertised again as an upholsterer in December 1841 (claiming now to have worked in the trade "for nearly twenty years in London and Paris"), and, again as an upholster, was listed insolvent in November 1842. In the meantime having worked for Luigi Dalle Case, he told the court in December:

I ascribe my insolvency to the slackness of the times . . . I hope that in time I will be able to pay all my debts . . . I can earn from £5 to £6 per week if I had the work; I have 30s, per week for playing in the orchestra in the theatre; I was married last June by Dr. Lang.

He narrowly avoided imprisonment, and went on during 1843 and 1844 playing with the theatrical band, and briefly, in June 1844, as a member of the band at George Coppin's saloon.

Portbury sailed for Melbourne in late July 1845, with the cellist John Charles Thompson, to play in the orchestra for Coppin's season at the Queen's Theatre. . There he imported a cello from London in October 1849. In Melbourne in August 1852 he was playing violin in Joseph Megson's band, and was last listed playing cello for Megson in April 1853.


? Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Luke [Finsbury] . . . Middlesex, in the year 1830, page 148 

No. 444 / Benjamin Portbury, of this parish, bachelor / Ann Smith, of this parish, spinster / . . . Twenty-fifth day of December in the year [1830] . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (10 March 1838), 1 

B. PORTBURY, UPHOLSTERER and PAPER HANGER, Hindley-street, near Mr. Hack's, begs to inform the Inhabitants of Adelaide that his present employment will enable him to devote a portion of his time to his own business, and he flatters himself that having worked eight years at the West End of London, he will give general satisfaction. Bed and Window Draperies cut (made if required) and fixed in the first of style; Sofas, Chairs, Easy Chairs, Mattresses, &c., stuffed; Rooms papered, and Furniture repaired.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (19 May 1838), 2 

THEATRE ROYAL, ADELAIDE . . . Tickets and places for the Boxes may be taken at the Theatre every day from ten till twelve, and from one to three o'clock; of Mr. Portbury, Hindley-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (16 June 1838), 1

THEATRE ROYAL, ADELAIDE. Stage and Acting Manager, Mr. EASTHER. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. PORTBURY . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (30 June 1838), 2 

. . . AT A MEETING for the formation of the Adelaide Mechanics' Institution, on Thursday Evening the 28th inst. . . . The following Provisional Committee were appointed: . . . Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (14 July 1838), 1

ADDRESS TO HIS EXCELLENCY . . . Benjamin Portbury, printer . . .

[Colophon], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (21 July 1838), 4 

[South Australian Gazette] . . . Orders and Advertisements will be received by the following Agents: In Adelaide . . . Mr. PORTBURY, Hindley-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (15 September 1838), 2 

SOUTH AUSTRALIAN GAZETTE. PORTBURY having been appointed AGENT for this PAPER, begs to inform his friends and the public that he will be happy to receive and execute their orders. B. P. engages to deliver to Subscribers the Gazette within an hour of its publication. Advertisements received up to 4 o'clock Fridays. 51, Hindley-street.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (22 September 1838), 1 

PROSPECTUS OF THE ADELAIDE COMPANY FOR THE PURCHASE OF LAND . . . Parties wishing to become members can do so by applying to B. PORTBURY, Sec. pro tem, Hindley-street, September 22.

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (10 November 1838), 2 

To the Working Classes. THE proprietor of Country Section No. 51, (eighty acres) begs to offer it to the notice of the Working Classes. He intends to divide the said Section into eighty allotments, and to sell them at the low price of five pounds for each allotment . . . Applications for shares to be made to Mr. Wm. Edwards, Light-square; Mr. B. Portbury, 51, Hindley-street, or to Mr. Calton, Royal Admiral, Hindley-street.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (22 June 1839), 3 

To the South Australian Public. ACCUSTOMED as we have been in "merry old England" to mingle toils of the more serious duties of life with innocent and rational amusement, we have long felt that in South Australia something was wanting to the social state, and that, in the absence of the necessary means of relaxation we are found in every civilized country, we have been compelled to kill time by any means we could, and frequently in a manner at once vicious and unsatisfactory. Hitherto, in South Australia, Assembly Rooms, "conducted with decorum," have scarcely existed, but this desideratum Mr. PORTBURY hopes to supply; he has erected, in a central part of Adelaide, most spacious and convenient Rooms - has engaged the best Orchestra the province affords, and every care will be taken to ensure the respectability of the visitants.
And, although Mr. P. cannot pioneer the "gay and courtly throng" of the old country, yet he trusts to afford at his "New Assembly Rooms" every gratification to those who are fond of treading the airy mazes of the dance. In addition to periodical assemblies Mr. P. contemplates opening a Dancing School, and wishes to treat with a professional gentleman with a view to ensure his services.
"Nothing appears to me to give children so much becoming confidence and behaviour, and so to raise them to the conversation of those above their age, as 'Dancing.' I think they should be taught to dance as soon as they are capable of learning it" - LOCKE. (Thoughts concerning Education, page 71.)
Per Annum 2 0 0 Transferable; Half Year 1 1 0 Ditto; Quarter - 12 0; Single - 5 0.
The first Subscription Ball will take place on THURSDAY, June 27, 1839.
Tickets may be obtained at the Rooms on Monday next, June 24.

[News], South Australian Register (29 June 1839), 4

The first subscription ball at the Light-square Assembly Rooms, which took place on Thursday evening last, we are glad to hear was well attended. Upwards of thirty subscribers are entered. Paine's first set of quadrilles was danced twice; the Caledonians twice; the Lancers once; and several contre dances. The company were highly delighted with the amusements and refreshments of the evening, the whole reflecting great credit upon Mr. Portbury for his exertions. - From a correspondent.

See also, copied from the London papers, "DANCING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA", South Australian Record (15 January 1840), 7 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1839), 2 

LIGHT-SQUARE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, WEYMOUTH STREET, (Near the Gilles Arcade.) TO the Ladies and Gentlemen who honored with their presence the above Rooms on Thursday evening last, B. Portbury returns his sincere thanks, and hopes by continued exertions to meet the wishes of all to merit their future favors.
B. P. begs to give notice to the heads of families that a lady has entered into arrangements with him so as to begin
THE DANCING SCHOOL immediately, which will be divided into two classes, namely, under fourteen years of age, and above fourteen years.
At the request of several of the subscribers, the next Subscription Ball will take place on Wednesday, July 10, 1839 . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 August 1839), 3 

ADELAIDE LAND COMPANY. A GENERAL MEETING of the Shareholders in the above Company will be held on Wednesday evening next, the 14th inst., at Mr. W. H. Neale's, room, to receive the report of the Committee appointed to examine B. Portbury's accounts, and to close the affairs of the said Company. H. M. BOSWARVA. Sec'y. to the Committee.

[News], South Australian (14 August 1839), 3

Among the other public buildings in Adelaide we should like much to see a Custom House . . . Much time would be saved and inconvenience spared to our merchants, and it would scarcely be possible for a guilty individual to escape undetected from the coast, as was probably done by Portbury, late secretary to the Land Company, who together with the funds of the Company, disappeared a few weeks since.

See also this later account, "DINNER TO A. H. DAVIS, ESQ.", South Australian Register (18 July 1851), 2 

[Abraham Hopkins Davis speaking] . . . In 1839 a man named Portbury, Secretary of a Land Company, of which, with Messrs. Williams and W. H. Neale, I was a trustee, left the colony, having abstracted the funds, not one penny of which had ever passed through my hands. On enquiring at the Bank, I found there was a heavy balance against the Company, the account having been overdrawn. This balance, after the lapse of some months, Mr. Stephens, on the plea that I was the only trustee whom he could reach, debited to my account on the 31st of August, 1810, the sum being £144 15s. 3d. . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (26 May 1840), 1 

CONCERT . . . MRS. BUSHELLE has the honor to announce that her Concert will take place on TUESDAY, the 26th insant, at the THEATRE ROYAL; she will be assisted by Miss Deane, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Deane and Sons, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Walton, Mr. Parbury, all the Members of the Theatrical Orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 July 1840), 1 

MR. DEANE BEGS to inform his friends and the public that, under the above distinguished patronage his CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on a very extensive scale, will take place at the Theatre Royal, on WEDNESDAY, the 8th instant. He will be assisted by Mrs. Bushelle, Madame Gautrot, Miss Deane, and Mrs. Clancy, Mr. Bushelle, Mons. Gautrot, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Wallace, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Walton, Mr. Parbury, Mr. J. Deane (of Parramatta), all the members of the Theatrical.Orchestra, and several Amateurs who hate kindly offered their assistance. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. S. W. Wallace. Conductor, Mr. Leggatt . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (9 February 1841), 1 

. . . WEDNESDAY, 10th of February, 1841. M R. and MRS. BUSHELLE . . . have fixed their CONCERT for the abovenamed day . . . assisted by the Professionals of Sydney, several distinguished Vocal Amateurs, by a young Lady (a pupil of Mrs. B.), Messrs. Wallace, Leggatt, Deane and Son, Sippe, Flaherty, Portbury, Downes, Pappin, Westrop, and the rest of the Theatrical Band . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 December 1841), 3

Upholstery and Paperhanglng. B. PORTBURY begs to inform the inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that he will be glad to attend their orders for any article in the Upholstery business, jobbing, &c., including sofas, chairs, easy chairs, ottoman, drapery, mattress, cushion, music stool, fire screen, piano front, radiated or fluted; work table, carpet, &c., on reasonable terms; and hopes from having been in the trade for nearly twenty years in London and Paris, and employed occasionally for the last two and a-half years by the first masters in Sydney, to execute any orders with satisfaction to the parties who may favor him, please address.
Upholsterer, at Mr. Whelan's, Goulburn-street.

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1842), 2 

. . . The following are the members of the Corps Dramatique, for the season . . . The Orchestra: Mr. W. Wallace; Mr. Wallace, sen.; Mr. Leggatt; Mr. Deane; Messrs. Deane, Pontbery [sic], Walton, O'Flaherty, Pappin, Downes, and Weston; also Mr. Gibbs, from England, who is expected daily by the Trial.

"WATCH FOUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1842), 2 

. . . a watch, supposed to be the one stolen, was found near the spot, by Mr. Portbury, a gentleman in attached to the orchestral department of the Victorian Theatre, which watch was delivered by him to the Superintendant of Police . . .

"In the Insolvent Estate of Benjamin Portbury . . .", New South Wales Government Gazette (18 November 1842), 1726 

"EXAMINATIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1842), 2

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury. At a single meeting yesterday, the insolvent was called by the CHIEF COMMISSIONER, and being sworn deposed as follows: - My schedule is correct, except that Dalle Case owes me £4 17s, for balance of wages contracted since his insolvency; I ascribe my insolvency to the slackness of the times; I was in custody when I filed my schedule; I was in custody at the suit of Kemp and Fairfax; I hope that in time I will be able to pay all my debts; when I first engaged the Herald I was in good circumstances I can earn from £5 to £6 per week if I had the work - I have 30s, per week for playing in the orchestra in the theatre; I was married last June by Dr. Lang.

"INSOLVENT COURT. FRIDAY, DEC. 2", The Australian (5 December 1842), 2 

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury, a single meeting: Kemp and Fairfax, £6 9s.; R. Berry, £3 12s. 3d.; A. Lenehan, £3 14s. 2d.; William Pendray, £9. The insolvent was ordered to pay £2 per week to his creditors.

"INSOLVENCY BUSINESS . . . SUMMONS CASE", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1843), 2

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury, of Pitt-street, Sydney, a summons had been issued, on affidavit by Andrew Lenehan, trustee to the said estate, calling on the insolvent to show cause why he should not be imprisoned. The affidavit stated, that at a single meeting of the insolvent's creditors which took place on the 15th November, he agreed to pay to the said trustee the sum of £2 per week, until the whole of the claims proved against his estate were satisfied. That more than three weeks have elapsed since the said agreement, but that the deponent has received no payments from him, except an order for £1 which had not been honoured, although the insolvent, in a note appended to the affidavit, admitted that at the termination of the first week after the said agreement he had earned £4 1s. for that week. The affidavit also went on to state, that the deponent had lately applied at two establishments where the insolvent lately worked, and was informed that work had been waiting on him to finish for some time past and he could not be found. The deponent also saith, "that he is fully convinced the insolvent can pay the instalments agreed on if he was compollod, particularly as he has no family, so far as the deponent knows."
The insolvent appeared in answer to the affidavit, and read a paper stating that he was not regularly employed, nor yet regularly paid, and had only received one payment since the said undertaking to pay £2 per week had been entered into by him. The Court having been informed by the CHIEF COMMISSIONER that, independent of his earnings as a tradesman, the insolvent was in the recepti of 30s. per week for his services as a musician in the theatre, ordered a warrant for his committal to be made out, but the execution of it was to be delayed so long as the insolvent paid £l per week into the Commissioner's office - the money to be paid every Monday before twelve o'clock.
The insolvent enquired if he would be permitted to give orders on his employers for the payment of the instalments, but his Honor told him that he must exert himself and get the money by the time fixed, or the warrant would be put in force against him, and if he once got into gaol, there was no means of his getting out again without payment of the whole claims proved against him.

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (25 May 1844), 609 

AUSTRALIAN PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS. The First PHILHARMONIC CONCERT in this Colony will take place at the ROYAL HOTEL, on WEDNESDAY next, May the 29th, 1844.
PART I. Overture - "Euridice" - Gluck . . .
PART II. Overture - " Griselda" Cimarosa . . .
Principal Violin and Leader, Mr. S. W. Wallace; Principal Violincello, Mr. Thompson; Principal Tenor, Mr. Walton; Double Bass, Mr. Portbury; Principal Second Yiolin, Mr. O'Flaherty; Conductor, Mr. Nathan, who will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

COPPIN'S LARGE SALOON . . . ON SATURDAY EVENING, June 15th, and the following week, THE QUADRILLE BAND will play several Airs, Overtures, &c. Pianist, Mr. Fillmore; Flute, Mr. Westrop, First Violin, Mr. Wilson; Second Violin, Mr. Dodd; violoncello Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1844), 3

AUSTRALIAN PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS . . . The Fourth Weekly . . . THIS EVENING, the 26th June . . . The Vocal and Instrumental Department, with the exception of Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Ximenes, Mrs. Portbury, Mrs. Jervis, and other Professional Talent already engaged, sustained by Amateurs, who have kindly volunteered their services . . . LEADER - Mr. Edwards; First violin, Mr. Wilson; second violins, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Guerin; principal tenor, Mr. Walton; principal flute, Mr. Wallace, Sen.; principal violoncello, Mr. Thompson; oboe, Mr.Leggatt; double bass, Mr. Portbury; conductor, Mr. Nathan, who will preside at the pianoforte . . .

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1845), 2

July 29. - Christina, brig, Captain Saunders, for Port Phillip. Passengers - Mr. J. Kay, Mr. W. Pond. Messrs. Palliser, Thompson, Portbury, and Vine.

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Melbourne Courier (15 August 1845), 2 

August l3. - Christina, brig, 126 tons, Saunders, master, from Sydney. Passengers - Messrs. Pullen, Thompson, and Portbury.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (15 August 1845), 3 

QUEEN'S THEATRE ROYAL . . . MR. COPPIN Most respectfully informs the Inhabitants of Port Phillip he has entered into an arrangement with the Proprietor (Mr. J. Smith), to open the above Theatre for a SHORT SEASON, ON SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 16th, 1845 . . . Orchestra: Messrs. Megson, H. Howson, A. Howson. Stanby, Hully, Thompon, (from Sydney,) Portbury, (from Sydney,) Coal, McDonald . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (17 May 1848), 3 

Under the distinguished Patronage of the Loyal and Independent Order of ODD FELLOWS, Of the Duke of York Lodge.
MESSRS. SEARLE AND PORTBURY HAVE the honor to inform their friends aud the public, that their Joint Benefit will take place THIS EVENING, on which occasion care has been taken to select that only which is within the capabilities of the company; they trust, therefore, to give that, satisfaction which has always been their study to obtain.
The evening's entertainments will commence with the interesting Drama, entitled
In the course of the piece, will be exhibited A Fall of Real Water.
After which, An entire new Dance - Mr. Chambers.
Violin Solo ("The Groves of Blarney," with variatious- Berbiguier) - by BROTHER B. PORTBURY.
"Swiss Toy Girl," - MISS SEARLE.
Comic Dance - Master Chambers.
The whole to conclude with an historical Drama, in two acts, entitled
No Smoking Allowed.
J. T. SMITH, Proprietor.

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (5 August 1848), 3 

FRIENDSHIP, LOVE, AND TRUTH. The Melbourne Duke of York Lodge . . . B. PORTBURY, Secretary . . .

"IMPORTS", The Argus (13 October 1849), 2

October 12. - "Louisa Bailie," ship, from Adelaide - Original cargo from London . . . 1 case containing a violincello, Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1852), 3 

MR. REED Has the honor to announce to the Gentry and the Public of Melbourne and its environs, that a GRAND MORNING DRESS CONCERT, wiil take place at the Mechanics' Institution, on Saturday, 3rd July, 1852, at Two o'clock, Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performs: Mrs Testar, Mons Del Sarte, Mr. Cooze, Mr. Megson, Mr. Buddee, Mr. Wheeler, Herr Mater Mr. Thompson, Mr. Portbury, &c. &c. The Orchestra will be numerous and efficient, led by Mr. Megson; conducted by Mr. Reed.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - Semiramide - Rossini . . .
PART II. Overture - Preciosa - Weber . . .
PART III. Overture - Guy Mannering - H. R. Bishop . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1852), 5 

QUEEN'S THEATRE, Saturday Evening Concerts. MR. MEGSON has the honor to announce . . . The first Concert will take place THIS EVENING, JULY 31.
Principal Vocal Performers - Madame Francesca Allen, Mr. Young, Mr. Cooze, Mrs. J. P. Hydes, Mr. Charles Walsh, and Mr. Wheeler.
Pnncipal Instrumental Performers - Violins, Mr. Megson, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Portbury; Viola, Mr. Jenkins; Violoncello, Mr Thompson; Flautist, Mr. Cooze; Cornet a Piston, Mr. Wheeler; Contra Bassi, Mr. Tanter, Herr Ziegler; Clarionet, Mr. Hobson. Leader and Conductor - Mr Megson. Pianiste - Mrs Wheeler.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - "Les Diamans de la Couronne," full band - AUBER . . .
PART II. Overture - "l'Italiani in Algieri", full band - ROSSINI . . .
PART III. Overture - "Sargino", full band - PAER . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1852), 3

QUEEN'S THEATRE, Saturday Evening Concerts . . . August 7 . . . Violins, Mr. Megson, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 August 1852), 5 

PART I. Overture - Don Pasquale, Full Band - Donizetti . . .
PART II. Overture - Sadak and Kalasrade, Full Band - Packer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 March 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. Thursday Weekly Concert. Mr. MEGSON, Leader. Principal Vocal Performers: - Soprano, Mrs. Testar; Tenori, Mons. Barre and Mr. Huxly; Basso, Mr. Bancroft. Principal Instrumental Performers - Messrs. Megeon, Reed, Cooze, Johnson, Chapman, Hardman, Portbury, &c., with several of the Band of the 40th Regiment. Mr. Buddee, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. Thursday Weekly Concerts, under the direction of MR. MEGSON. ON THURSDAY NEXT, 7th APRIL . . . Violoncello - Mr. Portbury . . .


. . . Tuesday, 12th April, 1853. IN RE WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM . . . a witness named Benjamin Portbury was examined, who proved, that in September last he managed insolvent's business . . . Witness went to Kyneton on the 2nd September, and remained there until the end of November . . . Witness is not going to Port Fairy immediately. Mr. Sandwell objected, and the witness in explanation stated that only for this examination he would now be in Port Fairy . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the Direction of Mr. Megson. On THURSDAY NEXT, 14th APRIL . . . Violincello, Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 April 1853), 12

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the direction of Mr MEGSON. On Thursday next, April 21 . . . Violincello - Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1856), 10 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. Thursday Weekly Concert . . . Principal Instrumental Performers - . . . Portbury, &c. . . .

"DISTRICT COURT", The Argus (29 January 1856), 6 

. . . Mary Portbury, suspected of lunacy, was remanded for seven days for medical treatment . . .

PORTER, William A. (William A. PORTER; Mr. W. A. PORTER)

Minstrel, serenader, agent

Born Hartford, Conn., USA, 4 May 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audobon, from San Francisco, 9 August, and Honolulu, 8 September)
Departed Sydney, NSW, ? July 1857
Died Johnsonburg, NY, USA, 18 January 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1856), 10

This building, lately devoted to terpsichorean pursuits, and for some time nightly the resort of the Cyprian and the votary of dissipation, has thrown open its doors for the admission of that numerous portion of our population who appreciate "the concord of sweet sounds." Hence the performances of the Ethiopian Serenaders have done "the state some service," and we trust in thus providing an amusement less objectionable than that furnished by a cheap and demoralising casino, that they have met reward for their enterprise. The company of minstrels are the elite of Rainer's and the New York Serenaders. The corps also number among its members Messrs. W. A. Porter and D. F. Boley, late of "the Backus Minstrels." The entertainments consist of songs, duers, and choruses; and a great attraction is the exquisite performance of Mr. Neil Bryant on the flutina; during the week his solos from Norma, and his rendering of the plaintive airs of "Love Not" and "The Last Rose of Summer," drew forth the warmest tokens of approbation from select and numerous audiences.

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 38-39

William A. Porter, one of the earliest members of E. P. Christy's Minstrels, made his first theatrical appearance as a supernumary in the old Chatham Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1841. His debut as a black-face performer occurred in the Spring of 1844 with the Clark Brothers Panorama Show. Mr. Porter made his first appearance with E. P. Christy's Minstrels at the Eagle Street Theatre, Buffalo, N. Y., April 5, 1845. February 15. 1847, he opened with the company at Mechanic's Hall, New York, and remained there until 1853, after which, in the Fall of that year, he became a member of George Christy and Henry Wood's Minstrels. Mr. Porter subsequently went to California and identified himself with Backus' Minstrels there. Early in 1855 he rejoined E. P. Christy's Company in San Francisco, acting as business manager. In August, same year, he set sail for Australia with Backus' Minstrels; he remained in that country until 1859, during which period he engaged in mining and mercantile pursuits, as well as following his profession. Mr. Porter returned to New York about September, 1870, later making his home at Johnsonburg, N. Y., where he died January 18, 1906. William A. Porter was born in Hartford, Conn., May 4, 1822.


Songwriter, lyricist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 December 1855
Departed for Britain, by 1887
Died Norwich, England, 8 January 1891, in her 81st year (NLA persistent identifier)


One of the NLA's digitised copies of the 1872 reprint of Advance Australia has attached to it an unidentified article Postle wrote that included autobiographical details and texts of several songs.


"FEMININE NOTES", The Brisbane Courier (24 October 1887), 3

Mrs. Eliza Postle, whom many of our readers may remember as the author of the song "Advance, Australia," has written to the Queenslander as follows: "After a residence of over twenty-five years in the colonies I returned to England, and have had the honour to receive the Queen's acceptance of my "Jubilee Tribute," a copy of which I send you.

"Deaths", The Argus (19 February 1891), 1

POSTLE. - On the 8th ult., at Norwich, England, Mrs. Eliza Postle, late of Melbourne, in her 81st year.


Advance Australia (words by Eliza Postle, music by S. Nelson)

The Bivouac (war song, 1866) 

Blue Jackets 

Comrades to arms (volunteer war song written by Eliza Postle; composed by J. Summers) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Eliza Postle", AustLit

POTTER, Samuel

Town crier, cryer (Sydney), convict

Died Sydney, NSW, 6 August 1811


[Notice], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 August 1811), 1

HIS Excellency the Governor has been pleased to appoint John Bingham to be Public Town Cryer at Sydney, in the room of Samuel Potter, deceased.

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain's grim convict armada of 1790 (Library of Australian History, 1993), 475, 483, 597

POUNSETT, Henry Rothwell

Amateur musician, organist, composer

Born London, England, 10 June 1810; baptised St. Mary, Battersea, 4 July 1810
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1839 (per Seppings)
Died Willunga, SA, 27 July 1891, aged 82 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

POUNSETT, Eleanor Maud

Amateur composer

Active Adelaide, SA, 1887


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 April 1841), 2

"TO CORRESPONDENTS", South Australian (4 February 1845), 2

"VOLUNTEER'S SONG", The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1860), 1

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (23 May 1865), 2

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (13 August 1867), 2

The entertainment closed with a burlesque opera, "The Black Brigade", written by Mr. Diamond, the music being arranged and partly composed by Mr. H. Pounsett. This caused great diversion, and gave opportunity also for the introduction of some well-known opera music. The "Soldiers' Chorus" (Faust) was well sung until towards the close of it, when some of the notes got astray, and the last bar or two was scrambled through. On the whole, however, the singing was good, and all present went away, apparently well pleased . . .

[News], South Australian Weekly Chronicle (17 August 1867), 7

"THE ORIGINAL AMATEUR CHRISTY MINSTRELS", South Australian Register (15 December 1868), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 February 1869), 1

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (11 February 1869), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 July 1869), 1

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (16 August 1869), 2

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (24 February 1885), 4

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (11 July 1887), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (4 August 1891), 3

"THE LATE MR. H. R. POUNSETT", South Australian Register (4 August 1891), 3

Another pioneer has passed away in the late Mr. Henry Rothwell Pounsett, whose death, at the age of eighty-two, took place at Willunga on Monday, July 27. The deceased arrived in June, 1839, in the passenger-ship Seppings, and started farming on a large scale, which, however, proved a failure owing to stagnation of trade. After that he followed the legal profession, but was again unsuccessful in consequence of previous losses. In 1859 the late gentleman joined the Civil Service, and in 1861 was appointed Post and Telegraph Stationmaster at Willunga, in which position he remained and performed his duties till within ten days of his death. Being of a retiring disposition, the late Mr. Pounsett did not enter into public matters, although by his many kindnesses he was beloved by every one in Willunga and its neighbourhood. The deceased gentleman for a number of years occupied the position of honorary organist at St. John's and St. Paul's Churches in Adelaide. He was the son of the late Mr. Henry Rothwell Pounsett, of Surrey, England, an uncle of Grant Malcolmson, who won the Victoria Cross for saving the life of a brother officer in the Indian War, a picture of whom was exhibited in the Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition, and also an uncle of the present Lord Erskine, of Restormel Castle, Cornwall.

Musical works:

Hail to the riflemen (volunteer's song; words: Donald McLeod) (Adelaide: W. H. Hillier, 1860) 

The Herald polka, The Adelaide Musical Herald 1/2 (16 January 1863), 13

Wedding hymn (poetry by J. Fawsett; music by H. Pounsett) (Adelaide: B. Sander, 1865) 

Faust (operatic burlesque) (. . . written by Mr. A. Diamond, the music being composed and arranged by Mr. Pounsett) [August 1867; December 1868; February 1869]

You'll remember me; or The magic cup ("song from the burlesque opera Faust") (Adelaide: Sims & Elliott, 1869) 

Robinson Crusoe (pantomime, 1870)

The Exhibition polka (by E. Maud Norton [E. M. Pounsett]) ([Adelaide, 1887]) 

POUSSARD, Horace Remi

Violinist, composer, music teacher

Born Château-Gontier, France, ? 11 June 1829
Arrived (1) Melbourne, August 1861; departed Melbourne, 26 July 1864 (per Bombay, for Point de Galle)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, August 1883; arrived (3), 1886
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 September 1898, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Argus (19 August 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (10 June 1862), 1

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (19 June 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1863), 1

[Shipping], The Australian News for Home Readers (25 August 1864), 15

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (23 July 1883), 4

[News], The Argus (24 August 1883), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1898), 1

"DEATH OF M. POUSSARD", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1898), 5

Amateurs of music will learn with regret of the death of M. Horace Poussard, the well-known violinist, which occurred at his residence, in the Now South Head-road, about 8 o'clock last night. M. Poussard was almost to the last in active work, as he gave a lesson to a pupil on Saturday evening, and then at midnight had an apoplectic seizure, which rendered him unconscious until his death . . .  M. Horace Poussard formed a link with a very interesting musical past, which takes us back to the days of Habeneck, the famous French violinist (born 1781), who numbered amongst his pupils at the Paris Conservatorium such great artists as Alard, Clapiscon, and Leonard. Somewhere in the twenties Charles Poussard distinguished himself under Habeneck's tuition, and early in 1849, the year of the great maestro's death, Horace Poussard, son of the abovementioned, joined Habeneck's class, and carried off the first prize for violin. Horace Poussard, who was born about 1827 at Chateau-Gontier, Mayenne province, France, was then transferred to the care of Professor Dolphin Alard, who was then, and remained so for nearly 20 years later, the great representative of the French school of violin playing. At the end of his three years' study at the Conservatoire Poussard took first prize, and he then travelled for five years through Germany, Hungury, Greece, and Turkey. Subsequently he toured through England (where be played before the Queen), Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon, Mauritius, India, and the Cape of Good Hope. M. Poussard's first tour in Australia, about 30 years ago, was under Mr. B. S. Smythe's management, who at the same time introduced Rene Douay, the celebrated 'cellist. The pair starred [in] New Zealand and Tasmania successfully, but on their reappearance in Melbourne, where they were engaged by Barry Sullivan to play solos between the tragedy and the farce at the leading playhouse, Douay suddenly went mad, and the tour terminated. Accordingly in 1869, M. Poussard was again in Paris, where he appeared with Signor Bottesini, the great contra-bassist, before the Empress Eugenie.  This concert, the last he gave at Paris before the war, led to the publication in a Paris paper of a cartoon, in which Paganini rose from his tomb to congratulate his successor. This cartoon was reproduced by the Sydney "Bulletin" in 1883. From 1870 to 1879 Poussard directed the orchestra of the Boulogne Casino, previously controlled by Alexandre Guilmant, the great French organist, and in 1886 he returned to Australia and settled permanently in Sydney. His style, which was essentially French and marked by much brilliancy, won him great popularity on the platform, and he did excellent work here, not only as a teacher, but as leader of the Beethoven quartette in connection with the Orpheus Society, and as leader of the Sydney quintette of which Mme. Charbonnet Kellermann was the pianist. Latterly the deceased appeared but seldom in public. In private life he was genial and vivacious, and was widely esteemed in artistic circles . . .

Musical works:

The dead heroes ("Grand musical drama", "musical poem", composed in memory of Burke and Wills, and dedicated to John McDougall Stuart) [June 1862]

Song of Australia (duet [for violin and cello?]) [November 1863]

Musical works by Fred. Packer "with violin obligato as played by Poussard":

Unforgotten (words: Frances Nicholson) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Thou comest not back again ("waiting, watching, longing") (words: Adam Lindsay Gordon) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Ave Maria (preghiera for soprano with violin obbligato) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Peggy Lais, "Horace Poussard and Dead Heroes: a musical tribute to Burke and Wills", Context: Journal of Music Research 23 (Autumn 2002), 23-32

Horrie Poussard, "Horace Remi Poussard: 19th century travelling violinist", Explorations 42 (June 2007), 27-34 

POWELL, Septimus (Edwward Septimus POWELL)

Songwriter, surf-swimmer, pharmacist

Active Paddington, NSW, by 1885
Died Bondi, NSW, 3 February 1912, in his 54th year


"PADDINGTON", Evening News (16 September 1885), 6

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35

Rouse ye Britons is the title of a patriotic song, words and music by Mr. E. Septimus Powell, of this city, that has been forwarded to me. It is dedicated, by permission, to Major-General Sir Charles Holled-Smith, K.C.M.G., C.B., and the sentiment conveyed in the words is entirely in touch with the feelings of loyalty that have found such emphatic expression during this week.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1912), 8

POWER, Bartholomew Hyacinth

Priest, Dominican friar, musician, composer

Born Ireland, 1 January 1827 (brother of the below)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1857
Died Geelong, VIC, 6 August 1869, aged 42


"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (1 October 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1869), 9

[News], The Argus (11 August 1869), 5

Mr. Power was a native of the city of Cork, born in 1826 [?1827], under the shadow of Shandon bells. At an early age, he went to the Dominican Convent of Corpo-Santo, in Lisbon, where he distinguished himself in his studies. For several years he shed a lustre on the order to which he belonged in his native city, by his eloquence in the pulpit and his genial manner in the social circle. His naturally delicate constitution was sorely tried by the severe winters of Ireland, and he resolved to seek a sunnier and more genial clime. He arrived here early in 1858 [?1857]. The funeral of the late Rev. B. H. Power, for magnitude and solemnity, surpassed any previous one in Geelong, at all events. The procession, which left St. Mary's after the solemn mass for the dead, could not have numbered less than three thousand, and the concourse of townspeople on either side to the cemetery numbered about two thousand more . . . Arrived at the cemetery, the coffin was borne to the vault beneath the mortuary chapel, and here, with the orphan children ranged on either side, the final service was "chaunted".

"DEATH OF THE REV. FATHER B. H. POWER", Portland Guardian (12 August 1869), 2

. . . It will be a sad loss to the musical world, for he was quite a musical genius, and his compositions can be found scattered about in both the Old World and the New . . .

[News], The Queenslander (28 August 1869), 11

James Hogan, The Irish in Australia (1887), 104

. . .a highly-accomplished Irish priest, the Rev. B. H. Power, one of the most accomplished preachers the Victorian church has possessed, a musician and composer of acknowledged attainments, and in his younger days a skilful editor of the Sydney Freeman's Journal.

Musical works:

Norah Mullane ("Irish ballad, written and composed expressly for Miss Rosina Carandini, by the late Rev. B. H. Power (Geelong, Victoria)") (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan, [c.1869]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Fenning, "Irishmen ordained at Lisbon, 1740-1850", Collectanea Hibernica 36/37 (1994/1995), 140-158

POWER, Bartholomew Hyacinth OP. T. and MO. 11 April 1846. SD. 2 June 1849. Ord. bp Barco. D. 23 Feb. 1850. Ord. bp Rodrigues da Silva. No indication of place. [Died in Australia, 1869.]

POWER, William Pierce


Born Cork, Ireland (brother of the above)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Echuca, VIC, 22 October 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION", The Argus (16 July 1853), 11 

. . . Mr. William Power, who made his debut at Mrs. Hancock's concert, sang a solo from Handel, which was given in a masterly style that justifies us in saying, he promises to be a valuable acquisition to the musical profession in Melbourne . . .

"SANDRIDGE", The Banner (19 August 1853), 10 

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. W. POWER", The Argus (8 April 1858), 5 

Last evening a complimentary benefit concert was given at the Mechanics' Institute to Mr. W. Power, a principal member of the choir of the church of St. Francis, Elizabeth street. The audience was numerous, and appeared highly satisfied with the entertainment. Madame Carandini, an old and highly esteemed favorite of the Melbourne public, contributed her valuable services, and was well supported by the bénéficiaire, Signor Grossi, Herr Koehler, Mr. Percival, and others. The programme had the merit of being well-selected, and not too long. Madame Carandini was in excellent voice, and sang several ballads in a style which could not easily have been excelled. This lady at time takes people by surprise, and we confess we should not be sorry to hear her in Italian opera. The buffo duet "Quanta Amore," which she sang with Signor Grossi, met with a deserved encore; but in "Coming thro' the Rye," "Molly Asthore,” and the "Last Rose of Summer," she was still more successful. Linley's beautiful ballad, "I cannot mind my wheel, mother," was another treat. Herr Koehler gave a clever performance on the French flageolet. Mr. Power sang "The harp that once thro' Tara's Halls" with much feeling and expression. Mr. Percival, who possesses a good tenor voice, but is rather deficient in style at present, sang "My pretty Jane" in a manner which afforded a promise of better things. Mr. Lavenu presided at the pianoforte, and rendered valuable assistance as accompanyist. We must not forget Signor Grossi, whose version of "Mei Rampoli" was highly diverting.

"PROMINENT TOPICS", Advocate (2 November 1872), 10 

We learn on good authority that Mr. Wm. Pierse Power, accountant of the Band and Albion Consols Company (and better known to the Ballarat public as one who has long correctly rendered sacred music), has at least as good a chance as any one else of falling in for the long disputed fortune left by the Russian general, Maurice de Lacy Pierse. A paragraph with reference to this fortune is at present going "the rounds" of the Victorian press . . .


Flutina player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Vocalist, banjo player (New Orleans Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

ROYAL HOTEL. New Orleans Serenaders.
THE above Company beg most respectfully to inform the Public that they will make their FIRST APPEARANCE in the SALOON of the Royal Hotel, on MONDAY Evening, Feb. 16, when they trust the Programme selected will meet with the approbation of those who may honor them with their patronage.
The following gentlemen constitute the company:
Flutina - G. Price.
Guitar - J. W. Sandford.
First Banjo - W. Harrington.
Second Banjo - J. F. Price.
Tambourine - W. Newton.
Bones - J. P. Hall.
Doors open at Half-past 7; to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.
Reserved Seats, 2s.; Back Seats, 1s.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1853), 3

HOWARD'S SERENADERS . . . PART II. Solo Banjo - W.Howson; Solo - Guitar, Spanish Retreat - J. F. Price; Solo Flutina - G. B. Howard . . .

PRICE, Henry Francis

Lecturer on music, vocal instructor (Hullah's system)

Born c. 1829
Died Whyte Yarcowie, SA, 1 September 1881, in his 53rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PRICE, Mary Frances (Mrs. Henry F. PRICE)

Composer, teacher of pianoforte, singing and composition, school-teacher

Born c.1834
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1857 (per Adele, from London, 28 February)
Died Adelaide, SA, 4 September 1915, in her 82nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Prices arrived in Adelaide in 1857. Both were active musically from 1860, when Henry started a Hullah vocal class, and Mary advertised as a music teacher. Henry being a member of the volunteer Kent Rifles, Mary's only published composition The Kent Rifles polka ("dedicated to Captain Herford by Mrs. Henry F. Price") was published by Penman & Galbraith also in 1860. Mrs. Price's polka, along with other Adelaide volunteer pieces, were lampooned by Robert Harrison, in his Colonial sketches (1862).

In 1863 Henry was engaged by the South Australian Institute as its vocal instructor, and in 1864 gave a lecture "The progress of music . . . (With vocal illustrations by the Upper Hullah Class)". An accountant by profession, Henry was newly insolvent in July 1865. However, in December 1868:

A complimentary concert to Mrs. H. F. Price was given in the Town Hall, Norwood . . . The baton was ably wielded by Mr. Henry Francis Price, who for several years past has made strenuous endeavours to popularize music in the metropolis by his Hullah Classes at the South Australian Institute.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (15 June 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1860), 1

"MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 August 1860), 3

"THE KENT RIFLE POLKA", The South Australian Advertiser (4 August 1860), 2

"ERRATUM", The South Australian Advertiser (6 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (21 August 1860), 1

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE QUARTERLY SOIREE", The South Australian Advertiser (29 September 1863), 3

"SHAKSPEARE TERCENTENARY COMMEMORATION", South Australian Register (26 April 1864), 7

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (14 October 1864), 3

"WEEK'S INSOLVENTS", South Australian Register (21 July 1865), 2

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (29 August 1865), 3

"BENEFIT CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 December 1868), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (14 September 1881), 2s

"PERSONAL", The Mail (4 September 1915), 5

"DEATHS", The Register (9 September 1915), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Harrison, Colonial Sketches: or, Five years in South Australia, with hints to capitalists and emigrants (London: Hall, Virtue, and Co., 1862), 106

. . . When the Volunteer movement reached Australia it became the fashion for one or two enterprising people to publish a little music adapted to the cause, such as the Adelaide Drum Polka, dedicated to Capt. Turncoat; and the Bugle Rifle Galop, dedicated to Capt. Crawler (by special request); and a waltz . . . copied note for note from one of Strauss' the colonial composer, not taking the trouble even to alter the key or change a note of the music . . .


Secretary (Australian Harmonic Club)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845-46


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1846), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 June 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 July 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1846) 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald  (3 November 1846), 1

Disambiguation: Not the Pitt-street engraver, John Price, who died in July 1844, aged 40


Church musician, convict

Active Windsor, NSW, 1824
Died Windsor, NSW, 15 June 1856


John Primrose, 31 December 1824, paid from the Colonial Fund for performing sacred music at Windsor Church; NSW, Colonial Secretary's papers, special bundles, 1794-1825, 418 

"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

Windsor Church . . . John Primrose, for performing sacred music, July 7 . . . [0] 10 0

Bibliography and resources:

PRINCE, Henry (Sergeant)

Cornet player, bandsman, bandmaster (Band of the 12th Regiment)

Born Gibraltar, Spain, 22 March 1827
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 19 October 1854 (per Camperdown, with the regiment)
Died Waratah, NSW, 22 April 1872 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


Sergeant Henry Prince was a member of Douglas Callen's band of the 12th Regiment, and, according to a much later recollection (1917), was "considered an excellent cornetist, and was dubbed the 'Prince of cornet players'." Like Callen, he was apparently free to take on a variety of freelance musical engagements in Melbourne in 1855. At a Grand Fancy Ball in Hobart in September 1857, "The chamber band of the 12th Regiment, led by Mr. Prince, were stationed in the gallery".

He replaced Callen as bandmaster (or at least conductor) of the 12th in 1862. While still in the regiment, he was also bandmaster of the No. 1 Battery of Volunteer Artillery, Sydney, in May 1862. He was bandmaster of the Volunteer Rifles Band in Rockhampton, Queensland in 1865, and from 1867 until his death in 1872 was bandmaster of the West Maitland Volunteer Rifles.


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 April 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 June 1855), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (19 July 1855), 5

"TASMANIA", Empire (9 October 1857), 3

"ST. BENEDICT'S CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1859), 5

"VOLUNTEER CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1862), 5

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", Empire (14 May 1862), 5

"BOTANIC GARDENS", Empire (8 July 1862), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (9 June 1863), 1

"OUTER DOMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1863), 5

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin (10 August 1865), 2

"THE CORPORATION BALL", Rockhampton Bulletin (28 September 1865), 3

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (26 March 1868), 4

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 July 1871), 2 

. . . Master C. Prince played a solo on the cornet in a style that betrayed the painstaking instruction of his father, Mr. Henry Prince, and which foreshadows no mean proficiency on the instrument at a future day. Miss Prince played the accompaniments on the piano, and acquitted herself in this difficult task to admiration . . .

"DEATH OF MR. PRINCE, THE LATE WELL-KNOWN BANDMASTER", The Newcastle Chronicle (23 April 1872), 3

"DEATH OF MR. PRINCE, THE LATE WELL-KNOWN BANDMASTER", The Newcastle Chronicle (27 April 1872), 7

"WARATAH. OBITUARY OF THE LATE MR. PRINCE", The Newcastle Chronicle (27 April 1872), 6

Henry Prince, whose untimely death from injuries received by a fall from his horse on Saturday last, and whose funeral, with military honours, you have published an account of during the week, was born on the 22nd March, 1827, at Gibraltar, in Spain, his father, also named Henry, being bandmaster of the 12th Regiment of infantry.

At a very early age, the late Mr. Prince appears to have been passionately fond of music, and soon showed great aptitude for performing upon several instruments with great skill and excellence; so that here we have an instance of the inheritance and acquirement of musical powers in a professor who has ranked far above the common. At 19 years of age, he was bandmaster of his regiment, and was called the youngest bandmaster in the British army. As the following copy of his discharge will show somewhat of his history, I have copied it from the original, in possession of his widow:

"Discharge.- 1st Battalion, 12th Regiment of Infantry.- These are to certify that 1407 Sergeant Henry Prince was born in the parish of Gibraltar, near the town of Gibraltar, in the kingdom of Spain; was enlisted at Brecon for the 12th Regiment of Infantry, on the 6th day of November, 1839, at the ago of 13 years. He has served in the army for 19 years and 155 days- at the Cape of Good Hope, 94 days; at the Mauritius, 4 years and 210 days; and in the Australian colonies, 9 years and 257 days, being discharged in consequence of being unfit for further military service.- JOHN F. KEMP, 12th Foot.- Dated at Sydney, N.S.W., 8th December, 1863.- Horse Guards, 12th day of April, 1864. - F. H. TIDY, Assistant Adjutant-General." "Character.- His character has been exemplary.- JOHN FRANCIS KEMP."

Going out to the Mauritius in 1842 to relieve the 87th, and calling at the Cape for water and provisions, the Kaffirs had just rebelled; they were kept at the Cape for 94 days; then went on to the Island of Mauritius, and arrived 11th June, 1842, at Port Louis; remaining there nearly five years; from thence to Portsmouth, for home service, and was quartered in Ireland; leaving England in 1854 for the Australian colonies. During his residence in Ireland he became a member of the Most Ancient and Right Worshipful Lodge of St. John, Lodge No. 3, Belfast Co. Antrim, of True and Accepted Masons, holding a certificate on parchment, written in English and Latin, and registered 15th, Nov., 1853; year of masonry, 5853. During his service in Tasmania, he was presented with an address, drawn out in parchment; as follows:

"Presented to Sergeant Henry Prince, of the 12th Regiment Band, by the members of the United Victoria and Hope of Rechab Band: - "Dear Sir - We, the undersigned members of the above band, desire to express our deep regret at your unexpected departure from amongst us, and wish most heartily to thank you for the patient and unremitting attention bestowed on us during the time you have so efficiently and satisfactorily been our instructor, and we take the opportunity of assuring you that your kind and gentlemanly manner will ever be remembered by us. In taking leave of you then, we would express our earnest hope that in the colony to which you are going, you may enjoy that best of blessings, health, and that all temporal and spiritual prosperity may be yours. With our best, wishes for yourself, Mrs. Prince, and family, we beg to subscribe ourselves, dear Sir, your affectionate pupils, [here follows fifteen signatures.] - JOHN CAREW, secretary, Hobart Town, Tasmania, April 6th, 1858."

Mr. Prince was married in 1853 to Miss Lucy Laurence, daughter of the Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 12th Regiment, who had been born in the regiment, the same as himself; he was sergeant in the band at a very early age, and has been instructor of twenty bands- the Naval Brigade of Newcastle being the last of the twenty. At West Maitland, while instructor of the volunteer band, and about to leave for Waratah, they presented him with a silver cornet, mounted with gold, costing twelve guineas. He has been teaching successively the following bands in the district, namely: - Waratah, Wallsend, Lambton, Artillery and Naval Brigade Newcastle, and the volunteer band at West Maitland.

He leaves a widow and six children, the oldest being about sixteen years and the youngest about two years, there being only one son and five daughters. He was an amiable, gentlemanly man, passionately fond of his family, was always pleasant and humourous, and has left many sad friends to mourn his untimely end. On leaving the army he was admitted an out pensioner of her Majesty's Royal Hospital at Chelsea on the 12th of - April, 1864, at a pension of one shilling and sixpence per day, which will, of course, die with his death. As stated at the inquest, Mr. Prince was a member of the Sons of Temperance benefit society, Waratah, from whence his widow will be entitled to a donation of £20.

The late Mr. Faning began, and it was left to Mr. Prince to carry out successfully the formation of bands of instrumental music at the various collieries, and between them, now that they have both gone hence to be no more seen, they have instilled into our young men a love for music, which is creditable alike to the teachers and the pupils, and the memory of them both will ever he held in veneration.

The remarks passed at the open grave by the Rev. Mr. Selwyn gave great pain, and are bitterly protested against as being out of place and uncalled for in the presence of a mixed multitude of people of different religions, and if he will persist in such a line of conduct on such occasions, he need not be astonished to find himself insulted as thoroughly as he insults others, and creating a disturbance at the grave not provided for in the rubric. Great credit is due to the Traffic Manager for his kindness in allowing a special train to convey those who had attended the funeral home to Waratah again, at six o'clock; although I heard several complaints against the station-masters for charging the Volunteers and bandsmen full fares, the same as ordinary passengers, especially the volunteers, and I hear an enquiry will be made at headquarters as to why the usual rule of free passages by rail for volunteers on duty was departed from.

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (18 January 1873), 2

"GOD'S ACRE", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (28 July 1887), 6 


"MISS E. A. PRINCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1931), 6

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Sergeant Henry Prince (c.1819-1863), Australia's red coat regiments

PRINGLE, Charles Lempriere (pseud. by 1872, C. H. TEMPLETON, Charles TEMPLETON)

Bass vocalist

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1869
Died Geelong, VIC, 15 April 1889 (suicide)

PRINGLE, Lempriere (Henry Lempriere)


Born Hobart, TAS
Died London, England, 23 October 1941


[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 December 1869), 3

"MR. CHARLES L. PRINGLE", The Mercury (4 December 1871), 2

Mr. Lyster, we are glad to say, has engaged Mr. C. L. Pringle, who lately made his first appearance in opera here, in the part of Don Jose, in Maritana, and has now joined the English Opera Company. We have already expressed our opinion of this young artist's powers, which are such as will, cultivated with care, do credit to him and the company . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1872), 8

"TASMANIANS AHEAD AGAIN", The Mercury (24 November 1875), 2

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (6 June 1882), 2

Mrs. Margaret Pringle seeks to he divorced from her husband Charles Lempriere Pringle, a gentleman well-known in musical circles, and has taken the preliminary legal steps towards annulling the marriage. The undue attachment of the respondent to a young lady who is not altogether unknown to votaries of the tuneful nine, is understood to have prompted Mr. Pringle to take the above step.

"COLONIAL TELEGRAMS", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (16 December 1882), 10

Melbourne, December 12, In the Divorce Court, Margaret Pringle obtained a dissolution of marriage from her husband, C. L. Pringle, better known as Templeton, the operatic artist, on the grounds of his adultery with Miss Lambert, the well known contralto.

"A THEATRICAL DIVORCE SUIT", Newcastle Morning Herald (18 December 1882), 4

"SUICIDE OF A WELL-KNOWN VOCALIST", The Argus (16 April 1889), 6

An operatic singer, named Charles Templeton, committed suicide at about a quarter to 4 o'clock this morning by cutting his throat from ear to ear, at the Eagle Hotel, Corio street. He went to the hotel on Sunday evening and told Mr. Brown, the landlord, that he was hard up, and had walked from Melbourne on foot in search of employment. Mr. Brown, on seeing Mr. Templeton, recognised him as an old friend whom he had not seen for seven years, and invited him to the hotel. It appeared during the course of a conversation that Templeton had had some disagreement with his family, and had left Melbourne for Geelong with the view of obtaining some assistance from his uncle, Dr. Lempriere. It also transpired that Mrs. Templeton, a professional vocalist, had gone up country with a theatrical company and was travelling under her maiden name of Miss Lambert. After spending two hours talking with Mr. Brown, rationally and cheerfully, Templeton retired to bed. At the hour named the landlord was awakened by hearing a heavy thud in the room occupied by Templeton, which was next to his, and hurrying to the room was horrified at finding Templeton Lying in a pool of blood with his throat cut. It appeared that the deceased must have cut his throat while sitting on the bed, and on growing weak from the loss of blood bad fallen on the floor. The razor used by the deceased was found on the dressing-table, about three feet away from the stains. The deceased was dying when the landlord entered, and expired before medical aid could be obtained. An inquiry will be held to-morrow.

"TASMANIAN VOCALIST IN ENGLAND", The Argus (29 June 1891), 5

The Carl Rosa Opera Company has concluded an engagement with Mr. Pringle, vocalist, of Hobart, who has for some time post been studying in England. Mr. Pringle's father was for many years well known on the operatic stage in Australia as Mr. C. H. Templeton.

"MUSICAL JOTTINGS", Examiner (16 March 1901), 3

"OLD PROGRAMMES", The Central Queensland Herald (23 May 1935), 14

"DEATHS", The Mercury (26 October 1914), 1


See also:


Pianist (daughter of Charles TEMPLETON and Nellie LAMBERT)

TEMPLETON, Mrs. (FALCONER, Mrs.) = LAMBERT, Nellie (Ethel)

PRINGLE, George Robert Grant (G. R. G. PRINGLE; G. W. R. G. PRINGLE)

Organist, teacher of organ, pianoforte, singing, composer, conductor (Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1858
Died Leipzig, Germany, January 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1861

PRINGLE, Charlotte = Madame STUTTAFORD

PRINGLE, Frances Lucy (MARK; Mrs. G. R. G. PRINGLE)

Music teacher

Married G. R. G. Pringle, St. Peter's, Melbourne, 6 October 1860
Died Warwick, QLD, 23 August 1907


Pringle first presented his sister Madame Stuttaford (Charlotte Mary Anne Pringle b. 16 May 1829, Scotland), when she arrived in Melbourne in February 1861. He left Melbourne to travel to Europe after a benefit farewell on 30 September 1870.


"SOUTH HACKNEY CHORAL SOCIETY", The Musical World 33 (22 December 1855), 826

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 June 1858), 8

"CONCERT", The Argus (22 October 1858), 5

[News], The Argus (28 February 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

On TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, In the Town-hall, Chapel street,
Handel's Oratorio, The MESSIAH Will be performed,
In aid of the Funds of the Prahran and South Yarra Benevolent Society.
Principal Performers:
First Violin - Mr. Leslie.
Second Violin - Mr. A. Pringle.
Viola-Mr. G. Tolhurst.
Violoncello - Mr. Hailes.
Flute - Mr. Mortimer.
Trumpet - Mr. Richardson.
Double Drums - Mr. W. H. Tolhurst.
Organist - Mr. P. L. Plaisted.
Conductor - Mr. G. R. G. Pringle . . .
J. STOKES, Hon. Sec.

"ART TREASURES EXHIBITION", The Mercury (13 January 1863), 2

Mr. Pringle, the accomplished organist of St. Peter's, Melbourne . . . played the following selections in that masterly style for which he is distinguished: . . . Variations on Home Sweet Home, J. R G. Pringle, Polka Brilliante, J. R. G. Pringle . . . Mr. F. Packer also played several pieces in charming style.

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

"MR. PRINGLE'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (30 September 1870), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 March 1873), 4

PRINGLE. - On the -- January, at Leipzig, Germany, of brain fever, Mr. G. R. G. Pringle, formerly organist and professor of music, in this city.

"THE WIDOW OF THE LATE MR. G. R. G. PRINGLE. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (22 August 1873), 7 

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 August 1874), 4 

Mrs. G. R. G. Pringle, widow of the late musician of that name, will make her first appearance as a vocalist, and will share in the profits of the performance. The patronage of the friends of the deceased artist is naturally expected under these circumstances.

Musical works:

Sea grove: polka brilliante ("dedicated to his pupils the Misses M. F. & M. E. Symonds, Seagrove Villas, St. Kilda"); several editions 

Salve regina, composed for and dedicated to Mr. W. Furlong 


Melbourne Philharmonic Society


Leader, orchestrator, arranger

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853

PRINZ (Herr)



A Herr Prinz was leader of the band at Braid's Assembly Rooms in Melbourne in May 1853, where he introduced his own German quadrille, as well as imported works, the Opera schottische by Youens and an old favourite, Matthew P. King's Overture to Timour the Tartar. Apparently another Herr Prinz, a vocalist, made "his first appearance in Melbourne" in February 1855. At Catherine Hayes's Melbourne Exhibition Building performance of Rossini's Stabat Mater in May 1856:

A small but efficient orchestra under the direction of M. Prinz, to whom the public are indebted in this instance for the production of Rossini's music as he scored the whole of the orchestral parts from the only pianoforte copy to be had-rendered the introductory music to the great satisfaction of everybody.


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1855), 7

"MISS HAYES'S CONCERT", The Argus (6 May 1856), 5

"MISS CATHERINE HAYES' FAREWELL CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 May 1856), 3


Amateur flautist, flute player, ? architect, surveyor

Born England, c. 1821
Active Australia, by c. 1840/41
Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1848-51: ? 1869
? Died Sydenham, London, England, 28 june 1902, aged 80


"CONCERT", The Argus (17 November 1848), 2

Mr. Megson's annual concert took place last evening, and was as numerously attended as could have been expected from the very unseasonable weather. The performance was creditable and included the overtures of the Bondman and Les Diamans de la Couronne; a beautiful flute solo, most admirably played by Mr. Pritchard, a very good duett by Messrs. Anderson and Megson, and two capital glees. Mrs. Wallace was the only female singer, and although often much out of tune, she acquitted herself better than on her last public appearance.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

. . . Mr. Megson so far opened his heart, as again to favour us with one of his brilliant fantasias on the violin, which, of course was rapturously applauded, and encored; an honor also both deserved and accorded to Mr. Pritchard's beautiful solo on the flute, both the songs of Mr. Griffiths, and one of those by the German gentleman . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (11 December 1851), 3

. . . The programme for to night contains a solo on the Flute, which, we hear, is to be given by Mr. Pritchard, and to any one who has heard that gentleman, it is unnecessary to say that his single solo is worth the price of admission to the whole . . .

? "NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (17 December 1869), 2 

There is a good and varied programme for this evening's entertainment at the Town-hall, Kew, in aid of the Benevolent Asylum building fund . . . music by Mr. Steveus; duets by Messrs. Jenvey and Akhurst; and a flute solo by Mr. Pritchard. Mr. H. J. Heuty will preside

? "NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (31 December 1869), 2 

. . . The rest of the music consisted of performances on the piano by a lady, and a splendidly-played flute solo by Mr. O. Pritchard . . .

? "DIED", The Argus (13 August 1902), 1 


Bandmaster (H.M.S. Galatea)

Active Australia, 1867-68, ? 1869-70


Pritchard and one of his bandsman, John Harding, witnessed the attempted assassination of prince Alfred, commander of the Galatea, in Sydney in March 1868, and testified in the ensuing inquiry and trial. The band of the Galatea performed on shore at many functions during the visit.


[Advertisement], The Mercury (23 January 1868), 1

. . . "THE LOVER AND THE BIRD," Vocal Mazurka, as played by the Band of H.M.S. "Galatea."

[Advertisement], Empire (6 March 1868), 1 

"THE MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY", Empire (14 March 1868), 4

"The Attempted Assassination of the Prince", Empire (17 March 1868), 2

Charles Pritchard deposed. - I am bandmaster on board H.M.S. Galatea. I and the rest of the band were at the Sailors' Home Picnic at Clontarf. The last witness is one of our bandsmen. He handed me a revolver. I saw a person advance towards the Prince and fire a pistol at him. We always keep our eyes on the Prince when he is out in public. I saw a man fire, and ran up to him. I could not identify prisoner. I was the second person that advanced to prisoner. I ran up and seized him by the back of the head, and the pistol fell. I took the pistol from Harding and gave it to the nearest officer of the ship, Lieutenant Bradley . . .


"TRIAL OF THE PRISONER H. J. O'FARRELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1868), 7

"ON BOARD THE GALATEA", The Inquirer (3 March 1869), 4

Votes and proceedings of the Legislative Assembly [NSW] during the season of 1869 (Sydney: Thomas Richards, 1869), 340

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (15 November 1870), 2 

Mr. Marshall, of Rundle-street, has just published "The Lover and the Bird," Polka Mazurka. During the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh this polka was a great favorite with the Galatea Band, and was generally understood to he the composition of the Band master. Great enquiry having been made for it, Mr. Marshall succeeded in getting a MS. copy, and it now appears in print for the first time. It is very neatly got up by Sims, of Gawler-place.

Musical works:

The lover and the bird polka mazurka (Adelaide: S. Marshall, 1870) 

Based on P. D. Guglielmo's popular song; see: 


Convict, vocalist, singer, St. John's Church, Parramatta

Active Parramatta, NSW, c.1825


[Tickets of leave], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 September 1823), 1 

HRA, I, 11, 736 (inquiry into charges against James Ring, August 1825)

SUSAN PRISCILLA BISHOP . . . Cross-examined . . . Mr. Kenyon and one or two of the Singers at the Church have been in the habit of attending at Mr. Marsden's family worship. It is not, that I am aware, a common understood thing that any respectable person may attend at Mr. Marsden's Worship on a Sunday evening. I know a person named Pritchard. He is a Ticket of Leave Man, and he was one of the Singers. I know a man named Newsome. He was a Singer . . .

Associations: Samuel Marsden, Joseph Kenyon, James Ring


Bandsman (band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Age (29 November 1859), 3 

. . . John Probayne, sworn: I am in the band of the 40th regiment. On passing the Bush Inn, in Elizabeth street, on Friday night last, a drunken man came staggering down. He came in contact with a box I was carrying and fell on the pavement. No one pushed him. I had both my hands engaged with the music and instruments . . .

"FATAL ACCIDENT, THROUGH INTEMPERANCE", The Argus (29 November 1859), 6 

. . .John Pronague [sic], a soldier in the 40th Regiment, deposed that, whilst carrying a box in Elizabeth street, he remembered a drunken man staggering up against him and falling. No one pushed him, and he lay on the pavement. Witness had both his hands engaged at the time in carrying the box and an instrument. James Hirrgston, one of the band of the 40th, corroborated the previous evidence . . .

PROCTOR, Nicholas

Flute player

Born c. 1830
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1859
Married Zannah (Susannah) WISHART, Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1867
Died North Adelaide, SA, 9 September 1898, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PROCTOR, Mrs. (1) = Susannah WISHART

PROCTOR, Mrs. (2)


"HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (18 April 1859). 5

"THE NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 July 1861), 2

"MARRIED", The Express and Telegraph (5 August 1867), 2 

PROCTOR - WISHART. - On the 3rd of August, at the Unitarian Christian Church, by the Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A., Mr. Nicholas Proctor to Zannah, relict of the late Mr. Wishart.

"ALDINGA, DECEMBER 7", The South Australian Advertiser (10 December 1867), 3 

. . . At 8 o'clock, a miscellaneous concert came off in Mr. Butterworth's mill; this was to many the principal treat, but the length of my letter urges me not to go much further; suffice it to say, that several duets sung by Mrs. Proctor (formerly Mrs. Wishart) and Mr. Chapman were received with loud applause and rapturously encored, whilst Mr. Proctor's flute playing was deservedly admired and highly appreciated . . .

"THE LATE MR. N. PROCTOR", Evening Journal (13 September 1898), 3 

Many friends and the musical public generally will learn with regret of the death of Mr. Nicholas Proctor, already noted. He was known for many yeais as the principal flautist in the Theatre Royal Orchestra, and also in connection with oratorio concerts. Failing health compelled him to abandon all outside engagements, but devotion to his art led him to practise at home, and he was always ready to score and transpose music for choral and other Societies without fee or reward. For over forty years he worked in the Government Printing Office. He was twice married. His first wife was Mrs. Wishart, an accomplished vocalist. His second, who is equally well known, was leader of sopranos connected with Sir Charles Halle's famous musical organizations in Manchester, a similar position she held for twelve years at St. Lawrence's, North Adelaide, and of that Church she has been Organist for over two years. The funeral took piace at West-terrace Cemetery on Sunday afternoon . . .

PROST, James Cornelius

Musical amateur

Active NSW, 1850s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

PROUT, Maria Heathilla (Miss MARSH; Mrs. John Skinner PROUT)

See main page on Stephen and Henry Marsh and family: 


Actor, vocalist

Active late 1850s


"THE CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star (8 December 1858), 3 

. . . After the overture to La Gazza Ladra, excellently performed by M. Fleury's orchestra, Miss Provost appeared as Andy Blake, in the "Irish Diamond." This lady, though her true womanly nature clings to her in whatever part she represents, yet acted with great success, and her song of "Whiskey in the Jug," was encored . . .

PUGH = Charles WALSH

PUGH, Edward

Convict (First Fleet), carpenter, fiddler

Arrived Sydney Cove, NSW, January 1788
Died Windsor, NSW, 30 November 1837

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

First fleet convict, Edward Pugh, joined the NSW Corps in 1800; variously a carpenter and a farmer, he was listed as a "fiddler" in the annual muster at Windsor in September 1822.

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 201

PULLAR, Mr. (? John PULLAR; ? Adam PULLAR)

Music teacher, vocalist, music retailer

Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), by August 1839
? Died (Adam) Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 29 July 1845


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (26 August 1839), 5 

MR. PULLAR, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, And Member of the Philharmonic and Anacreontic Society. INTENDS giving instruction upon the Piano, Flute, Singing, and the Violin. For Cards, &c. apply at the Office of this paper. Pianofortes Tuned.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (23 December 1839), 10 

MR. PULLAR HAS received two Square Piano Fortes, with additional Keys, by Broadwood; also; a selection of new Music, which he will dispose of. M. P. continues to give instructions upon the Piano Forte, Singing, and the Violin, Piano Fortes tuned. Albion Cottage, Little Collins street.

COLONIAL INTELLIGENCE. THE ORATORIO", Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (28 January 1843), 3 

The grand Oratorio under the patronage of his Honor the Superintendent, for which preparations had been making for several weeks past, was held in the Wesleyan Chapel, Collins-street, last Monday evening. The pieces selected for performance were from Handel, Mozart, and Haydn; and, considering that the performers were amateurs, except Mr. Clarke under whose very able management the whole was conducted, exceedingly well executed. Mr.Clarke's performance on the organ, whose rich and deep tones he so well succeeded in drawing forth, was the admlirathim of all, as well as the pieces sung by Dr. Sandford and Mr. Pullar. The choruses sung by Messrs. Heape and Vaughan, together with the performance of Miss Gale and Miss Edwards, gave general satisfacton . . .

[Advertisement], Melbourne Times (1 July 1845), 3 

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (14 May 1845), 3 

"DEATH", The Melbourne Courier (30 July 1845), 2 

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Courier (19 January 1846), 3 

Music and Stationery Warehouse. Ex-Royal George. ON. SALE by the undersigned - flutes, ocaves, violins, flageolets, clarionets, accordeons, key bugles, cornopians, violin strings, bows, bridges, and pegs, guitar strings, backgammon boards, new music, with a general assortment of plain and fancy stationery, a quantity of new and standard works; also, a variety of English and Roman Catholic bibles, testaments, prayer-books, and catechisms. JOHN. PULLAR & CO. Collins-street, 17th January, 1846.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (24 April 1848), 3 

EX "ANNE MILNE." JUST RECEIVED NEW MUSIC From the latest Operas, pianoforte, double bass, Violincellos, violins, tenors, flutes, octaves, fifes, clarionets, bugles, horns, &c., &c., in great variety. J. PULLAR & CO. Stationory Music Warehouse, Collins-stireet, West.


. . . On January 9, 1843, an oratorio was performed at the Wesleyan Church, in Collins street, under the patronage of His Honour the Superintendent, when recitals were given on the organ which had been procured, about the first in the colony. Mr. Clarke was the organist on the occasion, but Mr. Pullar's song was considered the gem of the evening . . .

"OLD TIME MEMORIES. ST. JAMES'S OLD CATHEDRAL. By Edward C. O. Howard", The Australasian (27 September 1924), 68 

. . . On November 9 of the same year [1839] the foundation stone of the first Episcopalian Church in Port Phillip was laid . . . At the service held in the temporary wooden building on the day the foundation-stone was laid Mr. Puller [sic] played on a seraphine (not a harmonium) during the singing of the psalms and hymns . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth, Historic organs of New South Wales, 54

PULLEN, George

Musical director (Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society)

Active Launceston, TAS, c. 1856

PUTLAND, Mary (Mrs. PUTLAND; daughter of governor William BLIGH; from 1810 Mrs. Maurice O'CONNELL; Lady O'CONNELL)



Amateur vocalist (Melbourne German Liedertafel), printer, translator

Born Elberfeld, Germany
Active Hobart, TAS, by 1855
Died Richmond, VIC, 24 December 1874


Orchestral music, teacher of music (violin, singing, harmony, composition), music seller, composer

Born 1843
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1866
Died Edwardstown, SA, 12 January 1899, aged 54


[Advertisement], The Courier (14 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 September 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Bunyip (28 July 1866), 1

"SINGING", South Australian Register (11 August 1866), 2

SINGING In today's issue will be found an advertisement announcing that Mr. Loder, with the assistance of Mr. C. Puttman, intends to form singing classes on a new system invented and perfected by himself.

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (31 December 1866), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 December 1866), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 October 1865), 1

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS," South Australian Register (3 February 1869), 3

[News], The Argus (3 June 1869), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 December 1874), 1

"JUBILEE ODE TO HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN", The South Australian Advertiser (20 June 1887), 5

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (13 January 1899), 4

"DEATH OF HERR PUTTMANN", The Advertiser (13 January 1899), 7

Musical works:

Let memory guide us (dedicated to the memory of Capt. Sturt; written and composed by C. PÜTTMAN) (Adelaide: Published by S. Marshall, [between 1870 and 1890]) 

The leather sphere (written by H. Congreve Evans, and inscribed to his friend, Stanley E. Evans, Secretary South Australian Football Association; composed by C. Püttmann) ([Adelaide]: South Australian Football Association, 1894) 

The watch on the Rhine quadrille (introducing C. Wilhelm's popular melody; with the German & English words of the song appended by Charles Puttmann) (Adelaide: Penman & Galbraith, litho., [1870]) 

On boys, with merry song (music by V. E. Becker; English words, by H. Pütmann) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [? late 1870s]) 

PYE, Mary Elizabeth

Pianist (pupil of William Vincent WALLACE, or of other members of the Wallace family)

Active Sydney/Parramatta, NSW, ? from c. 1836/37

See main entry Mary Elizabeth PYE

See also Mary Pye's music book

PYECROFT, Joseph (PYCROFT; PIECROFT; "Joe the Fiddler)

Professor of music, cellist, contrabassist, violinist, bass vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1844-48; Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1848; .Jettamatong and Goulburn, NSW, 1862-72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pyecroft, on the contra bass or cello, was a stalwart of Hobart theatre and concerts from 1844. Apparently only recently arrived from homeland Britain (probably free), his erratic behaviour, however, began to get the better of him as early as 1845. After sailing for Melbourne in September 1847, he (himself a Catholic) became a nuisance to a local Catholic congregation, and attempted to drown himself twice. Thereafter he disappears from record until 1862 in rural NSW, when and where, as "Joe the fiddler", he was sentenced to 2 years in Goulburn Gaol for a malicious shooting.


[Advertisement], The Courier (19 January 1844), 3 

MUSICAL TUITION - Mr. PYCROFT, who has had considerable experience as a Musician in England, having lately arrived in this city, is anxious to engage in the instruction on the Piano-forte, Violin, or Singing. His terms will be found moderate. The most respectable reference can be given as to character, abilities, &c. Any commands addressed to him at Mr. Imley's, No. 67, Liverpool-street, shall me with immediate attention.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 October 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

 "CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2

"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT", The Courier (1 March 1845), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 June 1845), 3

"JUVENILE FETE", The Courier (15 August 1846), 3

"GRAND BALL AND BANQUET", The Courier (2 January 1847), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Melbourne Argus (12 September 1848), 2

"PORT PHILLIP", Colonial Times (29 September 1848), 3

"PORT PHILLIP", The Courier (8 November 1848), 4

"POLICE OFFICE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (21 April 1853), 2


"GOULBURN CIRCUIT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1862), 5

PYNE, Caroline (Mrs. PYNE)

Vocalist, professor of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 December 1850 (per Blackwall, from Portsmouth 16 August) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In March 1851, Mrs. Pyne "just arrived from the London, Bath, Bristol, and Clifton concerts" made the first of her regular performances that year in Abraham Emanuel and George Hudson's weekly popular "Casino" promenade concerts at the Royal Hotel. In December she sang Donizetti and Guglielmi (the latter a duet with James Waller) in Andrew Moore's concert, and reappeared after a long absence in December 1853 for Charles Packer.

She first advertised as a teacher in March 1851, and in July 1856 announced her removal from 6 Upper Fort-street, Sydney, to Pyne Cottage, Datchett-street, Balmain. Mrs. Pyne and her husband, William J. Pyne, suffered the deaths of at least three of their children, at ages 3 months, 4 years and 18 years. W. J. Pyne was still at Balmain in 1867, a decade after Caroline disappears from the musical record.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1851), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (14 March 1851), 4

"MR. EMANUEL'S PROMENADE CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 March 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1851), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (14 December 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1856), 8

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2021