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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–C (Ca-Cla)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–C (Ca-Cla)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 3 April 2020

- C - (Ca-Cla)


Drum major (50th Regiment)

Died Sydney, NSW, 11 February 1839

See also Band of the 50th Regiment (first tour)


"MR. FERNYHOUGH", The Colonist (7 December 1837), 7

We have been much amused with several caricatures on stone by Mr. Fernyhough, amongst which the drum-major of the 50th, who is so remarkable for the enormous size of his hat, is admirable.

"MILITARY FUNERAL", The Colonist (13 February 1839), 2

The Drum Major of the 50th Regiment, died in the Hospital on Monday last, after a few days' illness; and was interred with very respectable military honours. It appears that the last illness of the deceased was mingled with violent mental derangement. He was esteemed in the regiment as a valuable superintendent of the musical department, and had succeeded in bringing the band into a state of excellent discipline and efficiency.

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Monitor (13 February 1839), 2

The Drum Major of the 50th Regiment, who died after a few days' illness and confinement in the military hospital on Monday afternoon, was buried yesterday at four o'clock, with the usual military honours. He had been in a state of delirium a few days previously, and it was found necessary to confine him in a strait waistcoat, to prevent him from laying violent hands upon himself.

[News], The Australian (14 February 1839), 2

Mr. Caddall the drum major of H. M. 50th Regiment, died in the Military Hospital on Monday last, having been in a state of mental derangement for several days previous to his decease, we are sorry to say from a late habit of intemperance. Mr. C was highly respected in the regiment, both by his officers and his comrades; was a particularly steady and active soldier, until unhappily for himself, and to the loss of the service, he acquired a habit of drinking which grew and fixed itself on him until it produced the melancholy result we have had to record. The body was attended to the burial ground by the whole regiment, and interred with full military honors. Whilst the temperance system is being gradually introduced into our Navy, we have not heard of a similar praiseworthy attempt in the military department, at least not exclusively confined to the Regiments. With the fearful and disgraceful fact of nineteen soldiers being confined in the gaol for offences, no doubt committed under the influence of spirit, it is singular that some such attempt is not made by the commanding officers of the Regiments.

"DRUM MAJOR OF THE 50TH", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (16 February 1839), 4 

CADDY, Joseph

Music teacher

Born Ireland
Active SA, by late 1855
Died North Kapunda, SA, 1/2 October 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 December 1855), 4 

MR. CADDY, PROFESSOR of the HARP, PIANO, and SINGING. Terms moderate. Application at Mr. Cremen's. Franklin-street west.

"DIED", South Australian Register (16 October 1856), 2 

DIED. At the North Kapunda Hotel, Mr. Joseph Caddy, teacher of music, found dead in his bed-room.

"SUDDEN DEATH", South Australian Register (16 October 1856), 3 

On Friday, October 3, an inquest was held, at the North Kapnnda Hotel, before Dr. Blood, J.P., on the body of Mr. Joseph Caddy, who had been found dead in his bed at the hotel where the Jury were assembled, and where deceased had resided for nine months previously. The Jury, after hearing evidence, returned a verdict of natural death. The deceased was a native of Ireland, and had been engaged as a teacher of music to several private families at Kapunda. His remains were interred at the Catholic Cemetery near the township, and were followed to their last resting-place by a considerable number of the inhabitants, including Dr. Blood, J.P., Mr. Oldham, J.P., and Mr. C. Smedley.

CAFLISCH, William Arthur

Pianist, music teacher, choral conductor, composer

Born Carlisle, England, Oct-Dec 1857
Died Launceston, TAS, 14 July 1938, aged 81


He received tuition in harmony, counterpoint, orchestration and conducting from Leon Caron. A composer, teacher, and pianist, he founded the Brisbane Apollo Club and was its conductor for 25 years.


"LOCAL LAND BOARD", Kilmore Free Press (26 April 1877), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (17 July 1885), 5

Mr. Caflisch is a modest and unpretentious performer of considerable ability. His rendering of Favarger's "Oberon" gave promise of something better, and this promise was fulfilled when, in a delightful reverie, Mr. Caflisch displayed his peculiar skill as a composer. The title of the reverie - "Broken Dreams" - aptly described the character of the work. Its splendid chords, and the delicious bits of melody which were constantly changing held the large audience in a spell until released therefrom by the performer. The applause which followed was the heartiest of the evening, and the pianist was obliged to perform another solo.

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Brisbane Courier (25 July 1885), 1s

"DEATHS", Examiner (15 July 1938), 1

"OBITUARY", Examiner (15 July 1938), 8


Musical works:

Good night (words by G. F. Scott; music by W. A. Caflisch)

The fisher boy (words by Cristabel; music by W. A. Caflisch)

Grey eyes (words by Archibald Birt; music by W. A. Caflisch)

The delightful gavotte (for piano by W. A. Caflisch)

CAILLIAU, Francois Octavien (also incorrectly CAILLIAN)

Conductor, composer

Active NZ, February 1880
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 March 1884 (per Archer, from Cooktown, NZ)
Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1907


Teacher of piano and singing

Born Ireland, 1857
Died Auckland, NZ, 18 December 1932

CAILLIAU, Francesca (Miss CAILLIAU; Madame F. PERRY)

Teacher of violin


[News], New Zealand Herald (28 February 1880), 4

"CAPTAIN BWEICKE AND M. PELTZER", New Zealand Herald (4 March 1880), 6

"THE DEPORTES", Auckland Star (24 February 1880), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", Auckland Star (1 October 1881), 2

"ARRIVALS", Evening News (31 March 1884), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1884), 3

[Advertisement], Evening News (20 June 1884), 1

INTONATION. TIME. VOCALISE. EXPRESSION. Professor CAILLIAU, ex-éleve of the Conservatoire of Music of Paris, Member of the Society of the Authors and Composers of France, late Conductor of the Auckland and Philharmonic and Operatic Societies, will commence music tuition next Monday, at Paling and Co., George-street. Terms: (including music for home studies), 3 guineas per quarter, in advance. Harmony, mathematic system, 6 guineas per quarter. One hour lesson weekly.

"Singing Class", Evening News (6 September 1884), 6

"Singing Classes", Evening News (25 April 1885), 4

"CAILLIAU'S SINGING CLASSES", Evening News (26 March 1886), 3

[Advertisement], Globe (15 June 1886), 1

[Advertisement], The Daily News (7 January 1887), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1894), 13

"PARS ABOUT PEOPLE", Observer (28 September 1907), 4

Henrietta [Brabazon] was married to Monsieur Cailliau, a talented French musician, and, by a strange coincidence, news of this gentleman's death at Sydney is also to hand. M. Cailliau arrived here with a party of French deportes, or political prisoners, early in the eighties. Their offence was that they had taken an active part in the Commune after the Franco-Prussian war. With a compatriot named Villevall, who was a printer, M. Cailliau established a small musical journal named the New Zealand Muse, which met with some success, until the proprietors differed and agreed to separate. Cailliau, who had held the position of conductor in the Grand Opera House in Paris, was enthusiastic in his profession, and it was he who, being attracted by their voices, gave free tuition to Miss Cicely Staunton and Miss Gribble, and established them in musical careers. It will also be remembered that he produced the opera of "The Barber of Seville" in Auckland with amateur talent trained by himself.

"PASSENGERS BY THE MANUKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1907), 8

"DIVORCE COURT. PERRY V. PERRY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1909), 10

"FATALITIES, AUCKLAND", Otago Daily Times (14 June 1910), 6

"FOUND ON THE BEACH. BODY NOT IDENTIFIED", New Zealand Herald (21 June 1910), 5

The body of an unknown man was washed up on the Northcote beach yesterday afternoon. It apparently had been three or four days in the water. The body has not yet been identified, though in the hat the deceased had been wearing is written the name of "S. O. Caillain" or "F. O. Caillian." His age was between 40 and 50 years.

Bibliography and resources:"Cailliau+f+o"


Keturah Campbell (pupil of Professor F. O. Cailliau)

CAILLY, Clarisse (Mary Madeline Clarisse CAILLY; Madame CAILLY; Madame Jules CAILLY)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Anvers, France, c. 1820s
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 10 December 1855
Departed Sydney, NSW, by July 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also her husband, Jules Cailly (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Opera has resumed at the Royal, Madame Carandini and Messieurs Coulon and Barre sustaining the principal parts. Norma is to be presented to-night, Madame Cailly, formerly of the Brussels Opera, and recently prima donna at Lima and Valparaiso, who has lately arrived in Melbourne taking the part of Norma and Signor Paolo Borsotti that of Oroveso." Arriving at the same time as Anna Bishop, Cailly spent the next year and a half touring Australia to not inconsiderable critical and public acclaim. She left, however, bitterly blaming Bishop for her own lack of financial success.


"THEATRICAL ON DITS", The Argus (10 December 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 December 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 6

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (10 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (15 January 1856), 5

"THETARE ROYAL", The Argus (21 January 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 April 1856), 8

"MADAME CAILLY AND THE THEATRE ROYAL. To the Editor", The Argus (24 January 1856), 6

"MADAME CAILLY'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (8 May 1856), 2 

As this lady makes her debut in Adelaide on Friday evening next, we take from a Calcutta paper the following notice of her, which cannot fail to be interesting to our numerous readers:

Mary Madeline Clarisse Cailly was born at Anvers. Her parents were also French, her father having been first tenor and her mother the chief singer at the Opera Comique, as also of the Conservatoire at Paris. Madame Cailly in her earliest youth evinced musical capability of an uncommon order, as well as the possession of a very fine voice. These qualifications decided her career. She commenced her studies under Choron, the professor of the celebrated tenor Dumprez, and also at the Royal Conservatoire under Professor Delsarte. At the Conservatoire Madame Cailly had the advantage of the instructions of the celebrated Bordongni, and it was while under his tuition that she was solicted to sing at the Grand Opera in Paris, rumour having been busy as to the vocal merits of the young cantatrice. Madame Cailly consented to the trial, and the result was the offer of several engagements, none of which, however, her father would pemit her to accept at the time. Madame Cailly subsequently made her regular debut at the Theatre de la Renaisance at Paris. Her success was of the most complete character, and she continued for some time an ornament of that Theatre, during its best days too. At the age of 19 Madame Cailly visited India, where her success, before a refined and highly critical audience, was of the most gratifying character. On her return, traversing Egypt, Greece, and Turkey, she had the honour of singing before the late Emperor and Court at St. Petersburg, where she won golden honours. At Berlin she became the friend of the celebrated Jenny Lind, whom she soon after met again at Hamburg, and again the same year, 1848, at Brussels, which city Madame Cailly visited in 1847, she became the acknowledged prima donna of the Theatre Royal, which high position she held with profit and celebrity to herself until her departure for Holland en route to London. In Holland, Madame Cailly had also the honour of singing before the King and Royal Family, and she retains many souveuirs of the kindness she experienced in that kingdom. On again visiting London, Madame Cailly took a part in all the leading concerts, adding alike to her returns and her reputation as a first class operatic singer. From London she visited the United States, where her reception was enthusiastic. She subsequently visited Lima, Valparaiso, and Santiago, the Chili capital, in which latter city the diploma of honorary member of the "Conservatorire" was conferred upon her. Madame Cailly's success was here unbounded. Night after night the theatre was crowded to suffocatipn by her admirers; and though some of the very first artistes of the day have visited this part of South America, the enthusiam excited on the occasion of Madam Cailly's visit was greater than on any other occasion. At Lima, also, she sang at the Italian Opera for nearly two years, always experiencing the most enthusiastic receptions. Night after night, the stage was covered with bouquets, dovos, presents, &c., &c. From Lima, Madame Calliy left for California (San Francisco), and from San Francisco visited China, Manila, Singapore, and again Calcutta, where we need not say she was most rapturously welcomed back by her old admirers. At San Francisco the Society of the "Firemen," in their enthusiastic admiration, presented Madame Cailly with a superb engraved silver vase, as a testimony of their admiration for her abilities, and their respect for herself. Madame Cailly sang for the benefit of their companies. - Calcutta Paper.

"MADAME CLARISSE CAILLY", South Australian Register (9 May 1856), 2

"MADAME CAILLY'S CONCERT AT NEALE'S EXCHANGE", South Australian Register (10 May 1856), 4

"MADAME CAILLY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1856), 5

"OUR LYCEUM THEATRE", Empire (22 August 1856), 4


[Advertisement], Empire (20 December 1856), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1857), 4

"THE OPERA-LUCIA DE LAMMERMOOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1857), 2


[Advertisement], Empire (7 July 1857), 1

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (13 July 1857), 3 

SIR - In quitting this colony I cannot do otherwise than acknowledge that, notwithstanding the numerous misfortunes that have followed me at every step, the public has been towards me what it has proved towards every artist of talent that has visited these shores. No one has had greater success than myself, and I am the more proud of this because I know that it has arisen from a spontaneous and legitimate feeling. There have been no claqueurs on my behalf, - no persons interested in my welfare or paid from my purse have been present to lead off the applause, as may be seen every evening in other cases.

If I had employed what is termed an agent - if I had even made interest with certain persons connected with a portion of the press, I should have no doubt succeeded as well in a pecuniary point of view as I have done artistically; I should have had something more substantial than the praise of the public as my reward. Unfortunately, my being a foreigner, closed in the first instance the theatric portals against me; and next, a miserable theatrical coterie set itself most obstinately against me. I console myself, however, in parting from them by the consideration that those people are unworthy of a single thought from a true artist. Such a one who is strong in his talent, and animated only by honourable sentiments, would never have need to write, nor would he stoop to the meanness of writing with his own hand the critiques upon his performance, still less would he ever think of paying another to do this for him.

Even though I now quit Sydney unfortunate and ruined, I shall nevertheless preserve an agreeable remembrance of the success that, as an artist, I have had here, bequeathing to that petty clique, whose only object seems to be to deceive and make money out of the public, that contempt of which only they are worthy.

I remain, Sir. your obedient servant,
Sydney, July 6th, 1857.

Other sources:

Rossini's grand opera of The barber of Seville . . . as produced at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, prima donna - Madame Clarisse Cailly, conductor - M. L. Lavenu (Melbourne: Wilson, Mackinnon & Fairfax, 1856) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

George Martin, Verdi at the Golden Gate: opera and San Francisco in the gold rush years (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993), 58, 101 (PREVIEW)

Susana Salgado, The Teatro Solís: 150 years of opera, concert, and ballet in Montevideo (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2003), 36-38 (PREVIEW)

Esmeralda Rocha, Imperial opera: the nexus between opera and imperialism in Victorian Calcutta and Melbourne, 1833-1901 (Ph.D thesis, University of Western Australia, 2012), passim (DIGITISED)




CALDICOTT, Harriet (Miss CALDICOTT; Henrietta Harriet CALDICOTT; Mrs. S. D. WASTELL)

Pianist, music teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1858
Died Glenelg, SA, 28 January 1913, aged 76


"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

. . . Miss Saunders, a young lady, a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music, next made her debut before a South Australian audience. She possesses a fine voice highly cultivated . . . Miss Saunders was accompanied by Miss Caldicott, an accomplished pianist . . .

Her cousin and later also sister-in-law

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", South Australian Register (23 October 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (24 November 1858), 1

Recte Mrs. Caldicott, late Emma Saunders

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (21 March 1861), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 July 1861), 1

"DEATHS", The Register (29 January 1913), 6 


Pianist, harpist, organist, music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1862 and until ? 1883


Pianist, organist, music teacher


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1862), 1 

SINGING.- A Lady is desirous of giving finishing LESSONS in the above accomplishment. She has been a pupil of De Castro, Grisi, and Finlay Dunn. For terms and further particulars apply to Mrs. CALDWELL, professor of music, 213, Crown-street, Surry Hills, four doors off South Head Road.

"MRS. CALDWELL'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1864), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1879), 10 

THE FRIENDS of MARY THEOBALD, relict of the late Mr. Robert Bishop Theobald, are respectfully in- formed, that her Funeral will move from the residence of Mrs. Caldwell, 27, Botany-street, Surry Hills . . .


Musician, band master (former master of the band of the 57th Regiment, ? )

Active VIC, by 1858
? Died Melbourne, VIC, June 1877


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (26 March 1858), 5 

"Amateur Band", Mount Alexander Mail (9 April 1858), 5

? "Funeral Notices", The Argus (13 June 1877), 8


Band of the 57th Regiment


Bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 October 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 May 1845), 1

CALLEGARI, Marie (Louise MIRABELO; Louisa de LA GRANGE; Madame Pietro CALLEGARI; CALLIGARI; "Madame Giovanni")

Convict, vocalist

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 July 1843 (convict per Margaret, from England, 5 February 1843)
Married Pietro CALLEGARI, St. Joseph's, Hobart Town, 17 August 1844
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1848 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (


Eugene Rossiet Lennon, Professor of Languages, educated at the University of Paris, came to Australia in 1843 as a convict. He had been convicted of inciting one young woman, Louisa La Grange, to commit a crime by robbing the jewellers of London's West End of their diamonds. Louisa was also transported and soon became Madame Callegari, whose story is told in Douglas Wilkie's The journal of Madame Callegari. In Hobart in 1844, she married Pietro Callegani, also a convict, who had previously been assigned to Joseph Reichenberg. She appeared in two concerts for Charles Packer, of whom she was reportedly a pupil, in Hobart in March and May 1848.


Piedro Calligana [sic], convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1378562; CON31/1/7$init=CON31-1-7p412 

ASSOCIATIONS: Assigned to Joseph Reichenberg, 23 October 1838; on 11 February 1839 accused of insolence towards Angelica Reichenberg

Louisa Grange, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1396418; CON40/1/4$init=CON40-1-4p213 

Marriage permissions, 8 July 1844; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1247676; CON52/1/2 Page 290; RGD37/4 : 1844/1336 

1844, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:831493; RGD37/1/4 no 1336 

1336 / August 17th Hobart Town / Pietro Calligari, full age / merchant
Louisa La Grange / full age
Married in the Church of St. Joseph . . . in the presence of Bedelina de Castinos, J. P. de Castinos

ASSOCIATIONS: John Perez de Castanos

"MR. PACKER'S CONCERT", Colonial Times (21 March 1848), 3 

This admirable entertainment was very genteely, although not numerously attended last evening, which could only be attributed to the inclemency of the weather, as the programme exhibited pieces of first-rate character . . . The vocal part of the performance was sustained principally by Mr. Packer himself, and a young noviciate, Madame Callegri, who, made her debut last evening. Madame Callegri possesses a voice of considerable sweetness, and making every allowance for the timidity of a first appearance, which was very evident, of some volume; she and "There is a flower that bloometh" with taste and feeling, but the Italian Aria by Arigotti was too complex for a nervous debutante: we shall reserve any further opinion of Madame Callegri until we hear her again; in the meantime, with confidence, and, above all, practice, she will become a decided acquisition to the concert-room. We feel more assured of this opinion, from the increasing confidence which the Cantatrice exhibited in her latter songs. The performances, having commenced in good time, were concluded before a late hour; and we sincerely hope to have the pleasure, again and again, to listen to the "melodious strains" of Mr. Packer and his friends.

"CONCERT", The Courier (22 March 1848), 2 

Mr. Packer's second concert tooks place on Monday evening last, at the Music Hall, in Collins street, and was well attended. Upon the present occasion a Madame Carrigarri made her debut. It would he scarcely fair to give a definite opinion upon her voice or style of singing, judging from her first appearance, for she was evidently unnerved by the novelty of her position. If her first effort in the trio "O'er the far Mountain" therefore failed from this cause, she improved as she became less nervous; and the duettino, "Follow Fay, follow Fairy," was deserving of an encore. It is unnecessary to criticise Mr. Packer's performances; he played a pianoforte piece, by Hertz, in admirable style, and was deservedly applauded in his ballad-singing throughout.

"CONCERT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (25 March 1848), 2 

Mr. C. S. Packer's concert at the Music Hall, was, considering the unfavourable state of tbe weather, well attended. We were gratified to see so many of the most respectable of our citizens patronizing Mr. Packer, whose talents as a musician have, in the mother-country, gained him a niche amongst the first musical talent in Europe. His performance on Monday night, of some of his own splendid compositions, fully establishes his fame both as a composer and performer. He also sang most pleasantly, and was encored no less than three times. To particularise any part of his performance would be doing him injustice, for all was good. A debutanti, Madame Callagarri, who is we believe a pupil of Mr. Packer, made her appearance and was well received. When we consider the many disadvantages of a first appearance, we cannot withold our mead of praise to this lady; her voice is good, and only requires practice, with confidence, to develope its full powers. Her ear is particularly correct. We could not discover that she sang one note out of tune. In the trio - "O'er the Far Mountain," she displayed powers of no mean order, and in the air "Bear Witness" she gave every proof that she would brcome a favorite finger. Upon the whole she does her instructor great credit and we wish her every success in her musical career. Mr. Allen sang very pleasingly, and was well received. We must not omit Mr. Howson's performance on the violin. Every time we have the pleasure to hear this gentleman, we are delighted at the astonishing improvement he displays upon each new occasion. He has always been a favourite with the Hobartonians, but we never were more satisfied with his style and execution, than on the late occasion. Upon the whole the concert gave great satisfaction, both as to the pieces selected, and manner in which they were gone through. The finale "Viva Enrico," crowned the pleasing sensations of the audience, and they left the hall well pleased with the treat afforded them by Mr. Packer, and his assistants.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 April 1848), 2 

VOCALISTS - Madame Callegari; Mr. Duly; Mr. Allen; Charles S. Packer . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Marie Giovanni, journal de voyage d'une parisienne, rédigé par Alexandre Dumas (Leipzig and Brussels: Kiessling, Schnée, et Comp'ie, 1855) (DIGITISED)

Douglas Wilkie, "'Take the times as they go, and the men as they are': the stories of John Perez de Castaños, Piedro Caligani and Louisa La Grange", Papers and proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 59/1 (April 2012), 38-59

Douglas Wilkie, "Marie Callegari in Australia: the identity of Alexandre Dumas's narrator in Le journal de Madame Giovanni", Explorations (A journal of French-Australian connections) 54 (Australian Winter 2013), 3-24 

Douglas Wilkie, The journal of Madame Callegari: the true story behind Alexandre Dumas's 1855 Journal de Madame Giovanni ([Melbourne]: Historia Incognita, 2015) 

"Louisa Grange", Convict records 

CALLEN, Douglas (Douglas CALLEN; George Douglas CALLEN; George Douglass CALLEN)

Bandmaster, orchestral and choral conductor, violinist, composer

Born Litchfield, Hampshire, England, c. 1812/13
Married (1) Charlotte Amelia HATHERLY (1819-1860), South Stoneham, Hampshire, 20 June 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by November 1854
Married (2) Mary Ann GRAVES, Paddington, NSW, 1864
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 6 May 1879, age 65 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment



Family histories of his children by his second wife report that Callen was born in 1813, in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England.

Callen and his band of the 12th regiment arrived in Melbourne by late October 1854. While in December 70 rank-and-file of the 12th were sent to Ballarat to the Eureka stockade, Callen and his bandsmen seem to have had ample opportunity to pursue professional musical engagements in Melbourne. That month, Callen advertised he would "receive Pupils for Instruction on the Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and in Harmony and Composition".

In June 1855 at the Theatre Royal, Callen, who was conducting the orchestra there, took a benefit at which the theatre and regimental bands combined to play "a new Overture, entitled Le Theatre Royal" (though the Argus found it "difficult to understand why it could not have been called The Theatre Royal"). Another Overture, Lara was performed at a spring garden show in Hobart in 1857. Callen repeated it in Sydney in 1860, at a Sydney Philharmonic Society concert, when the review, rightly or wrongly, described it as:

. . . the overture to the opera of "Lara", by Mr. Callen, an easy and pleasing piece of music, and better adapted for performance by the orchestra of the Society than works of greater instrumental difficulty.

Unfortunately, neither overture, let along the putative opera, survive; leaving Callen represented today only by a few shorter, published works.

In succession to Charles Stier, in Sydney in the 1850s and 1860s he conducted first Australian performances of several major Classical symphonies and other orchestral works, and operas.


"PORTSMOUTH, PORTSEA, AND GOSPORT", Hampshire Chronicle & Southampton courier (19 July 1830), 1

On Tuesday se'nnight the Annual Concert of the White Hart Convivial Society took place at their Room, Queen-street, Portsea, under the direction of Mr. J. Woolfe, assisted by several professional gentlemen and the Portsea Amateur Music Society. The grand military martial song, The Heroes of Britain, and the Overture to the Caliph of Bagdad, reflected the utmost credit on the performers. Mr. Callen, from the Southampton Concerts, added much the amusement, with fantasias on the guitar, grand piano forte, and violin, which were much admired . . .

"ELECTION QUADRILLES AND WALTZES", Hampshire advertiser [England] (20 November 1830), 3

Southhampton, G. D. Callen. - Mr. Callen has published a very pretty set of Quadrilles under the above title, in compliment to the town representatives. They are for the piano-forte. The accompanying print of the chairing of the members is worth the price of the whole.

"SOUTHAMPTON", Hampshire Advertiser (Saturday 17 March 1832), 2

Mr. Callen’s Concert, at the Royal Victoria Archery Rooms, on Monday evening, was respectably attended. The arrangements reflected credit on Mr. Callen, and the applause with which the various pieces were received must be highly gratifying to the performers. The orchestral accompaniments were uncommonly good, and the overtures well executed. Miss Frederick sung "Bid roe discourse" prettily, and was warmly appluaded; but we thought Miss Wills rather out of voice and timid. Mr. Prince gave "Friend of the Brave” in his usual style of excellence, and Mr. Callen displayed considerable taste and execution in a concerto on the violin . . . Mr. Callen received a high compliment last week from Paganini, who, after telling him to persevere in the course he was pursuing, added, that he had not been better accompanied on the piano by any one out of the metropolis.

[Advertisement], Hampshire advertiser [England] (21 April 1832), 1

SOUTHAMPTON MUSICAL ASSOCIATION . . . will give ANOTHER CONCERT at the LONG ROOMS, on Wednesday Evening, 25th April, 1832 . . . PART I . . . Solo - Clarionet - Mr. Springett, selected and arranged by . . . G. D. Callen . . .

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser [England] (10 November 1832), 3

THEATRE ROYAL, SOUTHAMPTON. MR. G. D. CALLEN respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Southampton and its environs, that his BENEFIT will take place on WEDNESDAY EVENING NEXT, when will be Performed an admired Comic Opera, in Three Acts, called ROBIN HOOD; or, THE MERRY ARCHERS . . . In the course of the Evening, a variety of MUSIC, SINGING, &c. which will expressed in Bills on the day. Tickets to had of Mr. Callen, 13, West-street . . .

"ROMSEY", Salisbury and Winchester Journal [England] (23 December 1833), 4

A Concert for the benefit of R. Limpus, the leader of our amateur bund, who about to remove to Winchester, took place last night the Town-hall, under the patronage of Lord Palmerston, and was most respectably attended. Miss Smith, the organist at the Abbey Church, presided with much ability at the pianoforte, and Mr. G. D. Callen, of Southampton, was the conductor. The vocal and instrumental pieces were exceedingly well executed, and the concert gave general satisfaction.

[Advertisement], Hampshire Telegraph [England] (8 December 1834), 4

PORTSMOUTH & PORTSEA THEATRE . . . Leader of the Band, Mr. G. D. CALLEN . . .

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser [England] (30 April 1836), 2

VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT. THE MEMBERS of the SOUTHAMPTON AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY, have the honour of informing the Nobility, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Southampton, that assisted in the Vocal Department by Messrs. Bishop, Barnard, Knight, and Lomer, they intend giving a VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT at the LONG ROOMS, on Tuesday evening, May the 3rd, 1836. in aid of the funds of the SOUTHAMPTON DISPENSARY.
Mr. G. HAMMOND will preside at the Piano-forte.
PROGRAMME PART I. OVERTURE - "Sargino" . . . Paer
. . . CONCERTO - Violin, Mr. G. D. Callen . . . Mayseder
. . . GRAND OVERTURE - "Siege of Rochelle," (first time in Southampton.) . . . Balfe
PART II. Overture - (MS.) first time of performance . . . G. D. Callen
. . . FANTASIA - Spanish Guitar, Mr. G. D. Callen . . . Huerta
. . . OVERTURE - "Italiana in Algieri" . . . Rossini . . .

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser (17 March 1838), 3

THEATRE ROYAL, PORTSMOUTH . . . Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. G. D. Callen . . .

1841, England census, Hampshire, St. Thomas; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 409 / 9 

Wick Road / George Callen / 30 / Music Teacher / [born in this county] Y

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser [England] (24 July 1841), 1

MR. G. D. CALLEN, Professor of Music, 40, High street, Southampton, RETURNS thanks his Friends for the encouragement he has received during the last Ten years, and begs respectfully to acquaint them, that he intends settling in Southampton, when he will be happy to receive any commands they may be pleased to honor him with.

Mr. C. has engaged a superior Band for Quadrille and other Parties, and from his long experience in conducting an Orchestra, he is confident it will compete with, it not surpass, any out of London; any number of Performers can be supplied on the most reasonable terms. He likewise begs to recommend, for Small Parties, a peculiar combination of Six Instruments, for which he has expressly arranged all the most Fashionable Music, and which will be found more effective than ordinary Bands of greater numbers. He will also be happy to attend, as usual, for the Piano-forte, if required.

An Excellent Military Band of Brass or other Wind Instruments.

Tuition on the Piano Forte, Violin, Guitar, &c. and in Thorough Bass and Composition. Music arranged in Score or in separate parts.

[News], Hampshire Advertiser [England] (19 February 1842), 3

The Members of the Winchester Philharmonic Society gave a concert and ball on Thursday evening, at the large room at the White Hart Hotel . . . Mr. G. D. Callen presided at the piano-forte . . .

1851, 30 March, England census; Kent, Chatham, Rochester; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1610 / 405 / 31 

George Cullen [sic] / Lodger / 38 / Bandmaster / [born] Hampshire, Litchfield
Charlotte Cullen / Wife / 30 / Kent . . .
George Cullen / Son / 11 / Scholar / Southampton
Julia Cullen / Dau. / 9 / [Scholar] / [Southampton]
Wollard Cullen / Son / 7 / [Scholar] / Africa BS

[Advertisement], Newry telegraph [Ireland] (2 October 1852), 3

Carraig-Bhan, Rosstrevor. The Nobility, Genry, and Inhabitants of ROSSTREVOR and its Vicinity, are respectfully informed that, by the kind permission of Mr. and the Mrs. Ross of Bladensburg, Mr. and Mrs. BOYLE'S CONCERT will take place as above, on MONDAY EVENING, October 4th.
Piano-Forte - Mrs. BOYLE.
Violin, Mr. G. CALLGN (Master of the Band, 12th Regiment.)

[Advertisement], Belfast news-letter (Ireland) (7 October 1853), 3

Composed and dedicated to the Subscribers to the Royal Botanic Gardens. Belfast, by G. D. CALLEN, B. M. 12th Regiment.
To be had at Mr. HART'S Music Warehouse, Castle Place. Also, by the same Author,

"THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (1 November 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 November 1854), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1860), 1

On the 20th instant, at Paddington, after a long and painful illness, Charlotte Amelia, the beloved and deeply lamented wife of Douglas Callen, Esq., B.M. 12th Regiment.

"Philharmonic Society", Empire (6 August 1860), 8

We cannot avoid expressing the hope that the engagement of Mr. Douglas Callen, as conductor of the Philharmonic Society was not merely a temporary one for the first concert of the Season (as formerly intimated), but that this gentleman may still continue to act as the musical director. The very superior manner in which the orchestra performed the two overtures ("Lara" a composition of Mr. Callen's, and Balfe's "Siege of Rochelle") on Monday evening must have been evident to the most superficial and non-musical observer. Mr. Callen is a thorough musician; himself a master of many instruments, he has, in his position of regimental bandmaster, for years been accustomed to orchestral arrangements, and to the uses to which each instrument can be applied; to the lessening or increasing the strength of an orchestra, and to the effects capable of being produced. The constant use of the bâton, and the military command he has acquired in wielding it, lend him peculiar facilities in imparting instruction to an amateur orchestra, in inspiring them with confidence in their own powers, and in accustoming them to feel the same confidence in his command; whilst his talents as a composer cause his aid to be particularly desirable in the arrangements for the limited orchestral power of the society, such a man was wanted, and we believe that numbers will flock to his standard.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1864), 1

On the 19th October, by special license, by the Rev. W. Spencer, M.A., at St. Matthias' Church, Paddington, G. D. Callen, Esq., to Mary Ann, second daughter of the late Henry Allen Graves.

"The Orpheonist Society . . .", Empire (19 February 1866), 2

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1879), 1

CALLEN. May 6, at his residence at 548, Bourke-street, Lieutenant George Douglas Callen, late bandmaster of her Majesty's 12th Regiment, and the highly esteemed director of the Headquarters Band, and the highly esteemed conductor of the Civil Service Musical Society.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1879), 4

At St. Andrew's Cathedral, on Sunday, a special musical service was given, in token of respect to the memory of the late Lieutenant G. D. Callen. The service commenced with Beethoven's Funeral March in A flat minor. The Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis in E flat, by Lieutenant Callen, followed . . .

"The Critic", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 May 1879), 41

Mr. Douglas Callen, an old resident, and one of our first musical professors, has answered "adsum" to a call to attend the majority. He was bandmaster of the 12th Regiment, conductor of the Philharmonic Society, Orpheonist Society, and the Permanent Force Band. He published many compositions of merit. Mr. Callen was highly esteemed in private life as an amiable and most intelligent gentleman.

"OBITUARY. LIEUTENANT CALLEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1879), 7

Lieutenant Callen was the well-known and talented conductor of the Artillery Band and the Headquarters Band. It appears Mr. Callen had been for some time suffering from disease of the heart, but still was able to keep about until the 5th instant. Early on the following Tuesday morning, while sitting up in a chair, for his complaint would not allow him to lie down, he found himself near his end, and calling his family about him calmly wished them farewell, and then quietly expired. The deceased gentleman was for many years connected with the army. He came out to Tasmania in 1854 [recte Melbourne in 1854, later Tasmania], in the capacity of bandmaster to the 12th Regiment. After some time he removed to Sydney, where he remained ever since, and where he became a great favourite with the music-loving portion of the public. Deceased was buried with military honours, at Randwick. The New South Wales Artillery furnished a firing party of one sergeant, one trumpeter, and forty rank and file under command of Lieutenant Airey. The remainder of the New South Wales Artillery staying at Headquarters, in charge of H. Le Patourel, also followed in procession, the whole being under command of Major Spalding. The officers present in addition to those mentioned were Colonel Richardson, Commandant, and his Staff - Major Christie, Major Baynes, Captain Compton - Colonel Roberts (Commander of the Artillery Forces of the colony), Major Murphy, Captain Murray, Captain Mackenzie, Staff-Surgeon Bedford, Captain Strong, Captain M'Cutcheon, Lieutenant Hill. Major Baynes superintended the funeral arrangements. The procession formed opposite deceased's home, in the following order: - Firing party, bands, gun-carriage, Volunteer Force, officers according to seniority. In this order the cortege proceeded to the Randwick Cemetery, the New South Wales Artillery Band and the Headquarters Volunteer Band playing funeral marches. The funeral ceremony was most impressive, and at its close the firing party fired a funeral salute of three volleys, the trumpets sounding after each volley.

Works online:

Illawarra polka mazurka (for the pianoforte, composed and most respectfully dedicated to Miss Denison by Douglas Callen) (Sydney: published by H. Marsh, Musical Cadeau Office; Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [ ]) 

Molly Asthore valse ("Founded on M. Lavenu's favorite ballad. Composed expressly for Her Majesty's Birthday Ball held at Government House, Sydney, May 25th, 1858") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1858]) 

The Rosalind schottische ("dedicated to Miss Aldis by the composer") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859]) 

Il trovatore galop (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859]) 

The Sydney herald polka (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1863]) 

Manly Beach galop ("for the 1st Sydney Volunteer Rifles") (Sydney: Wilkie, Elvy & Co., [1863]) 

The ocean prince galop (by D. Callen) (Sydney and Melbourne: Paling & Co., [1868]) 

Other sources:

Librettos for works performed by the Civil Service Musical Society, Sydney; State Library of New South Wales


Sydney Philharmonic Society

Sydney Rifle Volunteers Band

Civil Service Musical Society

CALLOW, Miss (? Misses)

Soprano vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1848; Melbourne, VIC, 1851


"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (25 August 1848), 3 

His Excellency Sir W. T. Denison, Lady Denison, Bishop Nixon, Mrs. Nixon, the Private Secretary, and Mrs. Stanley, honored this institution with their attendance on Tuesday evening last, at its Sixteenth Oratorio. The performance was such as to entitle the amateurs to every praise for their study and attention to a science so admirably adapted by its influences to elevate the general tone of society. A Miss Callow sang exceedingly well, in good time and tune, giving by this, her first vocal performance in public, every reason to think that further study will render her a great acquisition to our future musical entertainments. Mrs. [Elliott] presided at the organ with that quietude of ladylike demeanour and ability for which she is so well known, and estimated amongst us.

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (17 November 1848), 2

The seventeenth oratorio of this most useful Society took place on Tuesday evening last . . . The music selected for the performance was from Haydn's Oratorio, many parts of which were given with much taste and feeling, and with exquisite effect. The air "With verdure clad," by Miss Duly and "On mighty pens," by Miss Callow, elicited much and well deserved applause; and the solo parts in the terzetto, "Most beautiful appear," were exceedingly well given by Miss Duly and Messrs. Allen and Belbin. The air " Now Heaven in fullest glory," by Mr. Belbin, "In native worth," by Mr. Allen - and the singing of Miss Edwards in the trio "On thee each living soul awaits," afforded much pleasure. The duett and chorus, "By thee with bliss," was perhaps the gem of the evening, and gave unqualified satisfaction. As many of the passages in this oratorio are more than usually difficult, especially to young musicians, too much praise cannot be awarded to the performers . . .

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (4 June 1851), 2 

31 - Sailed the steamer City of Melbourne, 189 tons, W. H. Saunders, for Melbourne. Passengers - G. W. Cole, Esq., Mr. and Mrs. Henry Callow, five Misses Callow, Mrs. Fitzgerald, James Harrison, and four in the steerage.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 August 1851), 3 

THE VICTORIA TOTAL ABSTINENCE CONVENTION have the honour to announce, that their GRAND CONCERT in aid of the Funds of the Convention, will be held at the TEMPERANCE HALL, Russell Street, TUESDAY EVENING, 5th AUGUST, 1851. Leader of the Band, MR. MEGSON, Conductor, MR. HENRY F. HEMY . . . PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Duett, - "I know a Bank," Miss Callow and Mr. Hemy - Horn . . . PART II . . . Song, - "The Child of the Regiment," Miss Callow - Donizetti . . .

CALON, Edward Franciscus

Professor of music, choral conductor, organist, piano tuner

Active Victoria, by March 1867
Died ?, VIC, after 20 January 1902


On 16 March 1867, the Argus reported:

At the Hamilton Police Court on Tuesday, Emille Calon, professor of music, was charged with attempting to poison himself with strychnine.

The report evidently confused the memory of the eminent singer Emile Coulon (see below), who toured Australia extensively in the 1850s, with Calon. It is the first known mention of a musician soon after active in Adelaide.

There in September 1867 Calon was accused (and acquitted) of collecting monies under false pretences, and in November he appeared in a public lecture and concert in aid of renovations of the Port Adelaide Catholic Church, on which occasion:

The Glee Class in Adelaide have been entrusted with the entire Musical portion of the programme, under the direction of Herr Edward Calon.

He was in Melbourne in May 1869, advertising as "M. Edouard Calon", with James Snelling offering "operatic music" to accompany comic and animal acts at the Polytechnic Hall. By September, he was in Sale advertising as a professor of music, where he was also organist of St. Paul's Church. A year later, however, it was reported:

Edward Calon, of Sale, professor of music. Causes of insolvency: Falling off in practice, loss of pupils, and failure of promises of support in his profession. Liabilities, £52 4s 1d; assets, £28 10s.

An Edward Franciscus Calon married Maria Hales at St. James's Cathedral, Melbourne on 8 February 1873. He and his wife were at Sandhurst near Bendigo from around 1875, where Calon was reportedly teacher of a talented young violinist, George Allpress, aged 11 and a half. Calon's name appears under a public testimonial for "Professor Stanich, Palestinian Aurist" published in Camperdown, and in which Calon writes:

To Professor Stanich. Dear Sir, Having been deaf in my right ear for some time, I was induced to place myself under your treatment, and I am glad indeed to assure you that after a few operations at your hands, my hearing has been completely restored . . .

Stanich also ran Calon's testimonial in advertisements in Wellington, NZ, suggesting, probably erroneously, that Calon himself was then also already in New Zealand. He was there, however, by 1881.

Calon is last reported as victim of a robbery at Bendigo in 1902.


[News], The Argus (16 March 1867), 4

[???], The South Australian Advertiser (10 September 1867), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 November 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 May 1869), 8

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (25 September 1869), 1

[News], Gippsland Times (6 September 1870), 2

"MARRIED", The Argus (12 February 1873), 4

"A YOUNG MUSICIAN", The Maitland Mercury (28 September 1876), 3

[Advertisement], Camperdown Chronicle (5 January 1878), 4

[Advertisement], Evening Post (3 January 1878), 3

MUSIC- Mons. EDOUARD FRANCOIS CALON, who has just arrived from Melbourne, and who possesses the highest testimonials, begs to announce his intention to settle in Wellington as a Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing. For terms, apply at Mr. Bonnington's Music Warehouse.

[Advertisement], Evening Post (15 July 1878), 3

"MONS. CALON AND THE HAMILTON BAND", Waikato Times (5 July 1881), 3

[Advertisement], Auckland Star (14 February 1900), 7

"BENDIGO", The Argus (20 January 1902), 9


? English composer

Active London, England, 1834


Calvert, who probably never visited Australia, composed the music for the first South Australian song (copy at National Library of Australia), sung in London in 1834 even before the colony itself was established. this manuscript copy was brought to South Australia by Frances Amelia Thomas (d. 1855) on the Africaine, with departed London, 28 June 1836, and arrived at Kangaroo Island, on 4 November 1836.


"THE EMIGRANT'S FAREWELL. Sung at the Dinner of the South Australian Colonists, September 3 [1834]", The Australian (6 February 1835), 4

"The Emigrants' Farewell. Sung at the Dinner of the South Australian Colonists, September 3rd. [1834]", The Sydney Monitor (7 March 1835), 4

Musical works:

The emigrant's farewell (words: Robert Gouger Esq.); MS, Frances Amelia Thomas (Mrs. John Michael Skipper), scrapbook of artworks, poems and music, 1835-40; National Library of Australia 

CALZADO, Florence

See Florence BEVERLEY


Amateur musician, memoirist, novelist

Born St. Germans, Norfolk, England, 21 November 1844
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1870
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 July 1926 (NLA persistent identifier)


Ada Cambridge, Thirty years in Australia (London: Methuen & Co., 1903), 90-92

Having been a fervid young churchwoman at home, where I district-visited in the most exemplary manner, with tracts and soup-tickets and all the rest of it, for my own pleasure, parish work, when it became my business, was not at all irksome as such. And there was one part of it which was a source of great enjoyment during the three years that we lived in Y - - - -. It was the training of the choir. At first, with much nervousness and diffidence, I taught hymns and chants for an hour a week, and played them at the Sunday services in the midst of my little band, which had never conceived of higher flights. But ambition was generated in us as we warmed to our work. Recruits arrived from far and near, some of whom could read music, and we spread ourselves in an occasional anthem. There have been, and are, many thousands of choirs as pleased with themselves as we were, but never was there one more harmonious, in every sense of the word. To the best of my recollection we never had a tiff, and such was the attraction of our meetings that no weather--rain, storm, mud, darkness--could keep away the men (some of them quite elderly), who had to tramp miles through the Bush, after a hard day's work, to attend them. Especially in the winter.   For when winter came, and the church was cold, I had the practices in the house, with piano accompaniment. The bright log fire--firewood is the one thing we have always been extravagant in, on principle--and the much-pillowed amateur sofa, and the chairs collected from the general stock and grouped invitingly, made the homely drawing-room a good, thawing sort of place for the storm-buffeted to come to and to sing in. Most carefully were wet wraps and umbrellas left outside, and boots rubbed and scrubbed on door-mats; and never did an evening-party show itself better bred. For that is what the choir practice came to--a "musical evening" once a week. We fell into the habit of clearing off the chants and hymns rather hastily, and devoting the bulk of our ever-extending time to experiments in the higher forms of part-singing. We were not experts, any of us, but we made up in enthusiasm what we lacked in knowledge, and ended by so distinguishing ourselves that the fame of our performances has not died out in the district yet. For although on pleasure bent, we kept an eye to business, and selected music with the secondary view of getting anthems out of it eventually. Our great achievement was Mozart's Twelfth Mass. It took us a long time, but we fumbled through it from beginning to end. And then we astonished the congregation with "Glorious is Thy Name," and "Praise the Lord, for He is Gracious," and other classic gems, as we got them perfectly. It was my first attempt at choir-leading and--which I am sure is a very good thing for my reputation--the last. Thenceforth the parson wielded the baton. The choir that now is, which could sing the Twelfth Mass straight off as easily as look at it, if it had never seen the thing before, would feel insulted at any comparison between their work and ours; but often, when I am listening to the evening anthem, the notes of those old voices, so fervid and sincere, float back upon the tide of memory from those old days, with a heart-melting power that these finished performances will never possess, for me . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Jill Roe, "Cambridge, Ada (1844-1926)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

CAMERON, Cordelia (Cordelia Ann BOUCHIER)

Actor, vocalist, theatre manager, concert presenter

Born Worcester, UK, November 1809
Married Samson CAMERON (d. 1891), Leominster, Hereford, England, 16 January 1833
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 17/18 September 1833 (per Lochiel from Leith, 13 April)
Died Lutwyche, Brisbane, QLD, 23 April 1892, in her 83rd year (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CAMERON, Samson (Sampson Pearce CAMERON; Pierce)

Actor, theatre manager

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 21 March 1811
Married Cordelia BOUCHER, Leominster, Hereford, England, 16 January 1833
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 17/18 September 1833 (per Lochiel from Leith, 13 April)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 16 December 1891 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Samson Pearce Cameron (1811-1891) and his wife Cordelia, veteran actors from the UK provincial circuit, first appeared for the opening of their Hobart Town Theatre in December 1833

Between the pieces, Mrs. Cameron sang the Swiss toy girl, there is a playfulness, and enchanting coquettishness in her voice and manner of address, which is highly pleasant-she is certainly not a first rate singer, and yet with the exception of Mrs. Taylor, we would sooner hear Mrs. Cameron, than any other vocalist in the Colony, not excepting Mrs. Davis - she was of course encored.

The opening was sadly marred by the death of their daughter that week.

Though mainly remembered as an actor, Cameron continued to draw admiration as a vocalist. The Camerons made their Sydney debut in October 1836, at their second appearance in Clari, Mrs. Cameron singing Home, sweet home.

The Camerons left Sydney for Adelaide in November 1839, accused of having left unpaid debts. They were back in Tasmania by late 1841, but, after suffering financial distress and Samson's insolvency (1842), announced they were leaving Australia to seek engagements in India and Hong Kong in mid 1844.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (24 September 1833), 2

"HOBART TOWN NEWS", The Sydney Herald (10 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (13 December 1833), 3

"The Theatre", The Australian (16 December 1833), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 December 1833), 1

[News], Colonial Times (31 December 1833), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Austral-Asiatic Review (31 December 1833), 4 

There is a new Era in Van Diemen's Land. Public amusements have opened upon us in as great variety as in so limited a population could be possibly expected . . . This being then the commencement of a new Era, we shall devote more than the space we usually spare to such subjects to our notice of the opening of the Theatre on Tuesday evening. The proprietor is a Mr. Cameron, a gentleman of excellent family in Scotland - brought up and educated in a manner appropriate to his station in life. Mrs. Cameron is well remembered by many here when [? as] Miss Bouchiere, the Star of the Norwich - Bath - and Cheltenham Circuits. They came out purposely to establish a Theatre here, deceived (as well as so many others in the more humble walks of life) by the lying announcements with which the passage-dealing kidnappers humbug the unwary. He embarked, however, with a capital equal to his purpose, which be has again embarked in the establishment of the Hobart Town Theatre. Liberally indeed has he set to work, and we most sincerely rejoice to add, that there is every prospect of his spirited attempt being liberally remunerated . . . Mr. Cameron has been extremely fortunate - host of strength as is no doubt his own, and Mrs. Cameron's ability, and especially the versatility of talent of the latter, yet it was singularly advantageous to him that Mr. and Mrs. Taylor, both "regulars" from the London boards, should have arrived at the same time. Mr. Fenton also is an old London performer, and Mr. Jacobs possesses many most useful qualifications. He is an excellent comic actor - plays with much skill on the violin - sings well, being a good theoretical musician, and possesses all the necessary qualifications for "an actor of all work," so useful in a small company . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (31 December 1833), 1

"Van Dieman's Land News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 January 1834), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 January 1836), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 October 1836), 2

"THEATRICAL SWINDLING", The Sydney Herald (13 November 1839), 2

"MR. AND MRS. CAMERON AND FAMILY", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 May 1844), 2

It will be seen by advertisement that the military amateurs have consented to play on Tuesday eveniug, the 21st instant, for the benefit of Mr. and Mrs. Cameron, who for a length of time, in consequence of the theatre having been closed and from illness, have suffered much distress. The attendance of the inhabitants at the theatre on Tuesday evening will enable the distressed people to obtain a passage on to Sydney, and from thence to Hong Kong, where Mr. and Mrs. Cameron have hopes of obtaining an engagement which will enable them to support their family . . .

"Late Mr. J. Cameron", The Telegraph (25 March 1902), 5 

The late Mr. John Cameron, whose death was reported yesterday, was the eldest son of Mr. Sampson Peirce Cameron, and grandson of Mr. John Cameron, of Roxburgh, Edinburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Cameron, sen., arrived at Hobart, Tasmania, from Scotland, by the ship Lochiel, in 1832 [recte 1833], and the subject of this notice, Mr. John Cameron, was born at Launceston on October 18, 1834. He spent his younger days in Tasmania and Victoria . . .

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (25 April 1892), 4

CAMERON. - On the 23rd April, at her residence, Wride-street, Lutwyche, Cordelia Cameron, in her 83rd year.

Bibliography and resources:

Fotheringham, Australian plays for the colonial stage: 1834-1899 (PREVIEW)

"Cordelia Ann Bouchier", Cameron genealogies



Active Bathurst, NSW, 1849


In September 1849, Bathurst publican Phillip Wilde commissioned a Sydney agent "to engage for me a violin player". In October, Campaigne presented himself, and Wilde "finding him a very indifferent performer", told him his services were not required.


[Letter], Bathurst Free Press (22 December 1849), 6

SIR - I beg leave through the medium of your columns to lay before the public a case of extreme hardship and injustice. Early in September last, I wrote to an agent in Sydney to engage for me a violin player. I subsequently wrote to him two other letters, the last on the 7th of October, on the subject, and not receiving any reply. I concluded that the person he had written about had declined to come to my terms, viz., that I would not forward money down to bear his expenses up to Bathurst, consequently I engaged one here. On Tuesday, the 8th of October, the plaintiff in the case I allude to, No. 29, Campaigne v. Wilde, made his appearance, and produced as his credentials the three letters I had written to my correspondent on the subject. I had a trial of the man's abilities, and finding him a very indifferent performer, I told him that I was already provided, and, that I did not require his services, but that I would allow him to remain at my house, free of expense, until he could provide himself with a situation, which he did on the following Monday, by engaging with Mr. Mills, of the Queen's Arms, at the rate of 15s. per week. There he remained for a fortnight, for which he received 25s., when he was dismissed for inefficiency in his profession. He then engaged with Mr. Neville, publican, George-street, at 12s. per week; there he only remained three days, when he was dismissed for the same cause. On the 1st of December, he applied to Mr. Macintosh, who wrote to me for a month's wages at the rate of £1 per week for the man who had been in the employ of two different individuals, during the month for which he demands wages from me. I was then summoned to the Court of Requests; the case came on for hearing on the 17th instant before Edwin Parke and Geo. Rankin, Esqrs., Mr. Macintosh appeared for the plaintiff, Mr. Wadeson for myself. My attorney very clearly pointed out to the Bench that there was not a shadow of proof that any agreement had ever been entered into, either by the plaintiff or his agent, and contended that even if there had been, the former had violated any such agreement by entering into other employment. Notwithstanding this plain and demonstrative fact, their Worships returned a verdict for the plaintiff, - £4 for as many weeks' wages, and £3 10s. for expenses from and to Sydney, as if travelling per mail, whereas the the plaintiff admitted to me that he travelled and in fact had been a fortnight on the road between Sydney and Bathurst, making use of his instrument at the various houses on the road to pay for his entertainment. Thus by this iniquitous and unjust verdict have I been subjected to pay a sum of £l7 15s. to an individual who had no legal claim upon me for one farthing. The above is a plain matter of fact statement, and I should be glad if anyone would point out to me upon what principle of justice or equity such a verdict could be given. All this goes to show that there is a strong and urgent necessity for an alteration in the working of the Small Debts Courts, by the appointment of a commissioner who should be a barrister, and would therefore be supposed to be free from all local prejudice or bias. I remain, yours respectfully, PHILLIP B. WILDE. Golden Fleece Inn, Bathurst, 19th Dec, 1849.

CAMPBELL, Bessie (Elizabeth)

Banjo player, vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1870
Died Sydney, NSW, 1964


Summary (after NLA):

Born Elizabeth Campbell, in 1870, in Melbourne; she was a prodigy on the five string banjo, a pupil of Joe Daniels and the Americans Hosea Easton and later Walter Stent, who taught her different American systems of finger-picking, and playing different arpeggio arrangements with the thumb and fingers. She did not use the plectrum. Bessie began to appear in charity concerts in Sydney about 1889. By 1897 she was acclaimed as Australia's greatest lady banjoist. During World War I, at the peak of her professional career, she gave frequent performances for servicemen and the Australian Red Cross Society. After the war Bessie held benefit concerts and did various charitable work in Sydney. By the early 1930s arthritis made it difficult for her to play and she never made commercial recordings. She was a great follower of cricket. She died, unmarried in Sydney in 1964.


"Unemployed", Evening News (22 August 1892), 6

"BANJO AND MANDOLINE CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1894), 6

"American Banjo Club Concert", Evening News (28 August 1896), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Bessie Campbell, Banjo Queen: a collection of music programmes, ephemera relating to her career


Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Died Sydney, NSW, 23 January 1855

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


"MILITARY FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1855), 5

Yesterday afternoon the mortal remains of John Leary, lately a corporal in the XI. regiment, who was accidentally drowned on Tuesday, and of James Campbell, lately a bandsman in the same regiment, were conveyed in two hearses to their final resting-place in the Cemetery at Camperdown. Campbell's death occurred as follows: He was a patient in the military hospital, and becoming light-headed in consequence of his malady, he threw himself out of the window of his ward into the square, a distance of nearly thirty feet, and died in an hour and a half afterwards. The hearses were preceded by a company of the 11th, in slow marching order, with arms reversed, followed by the band, fifers and drummers, with muffled drums, playing the Dead March. The deceased were followed by a train of mourning coaches and carriages, containing their relatives, and the numerous friends which they have made during the long period that the regiment has been quartered in this metropolis. Two companies of the regiment, without firelocks, followed, the captain of Leary's company bringing up the rear. Three volleys were fired by the firing party over the graves of -their departed comrades.

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1855), 5

Sir, In this day's issue appears an account of the death of James Campbell, late bandsman of the XIth Regiment; and as the statement given is not altogether correct, I would feel obliged by your giving insertion to the following particulars. James Campbell was admitted to hospital on the 20th instant, and getting light-headed from the malady with which he was afflicted, endeavoured to escape through the window of his ward, but was prevented. He therefore did not fall into the Barrack-square as stated. He died about 10 o'clock, a.m., on the 23rd instant. His remains were interred in the Roman Catholic Cemetery, Parramatta-street, having left a wife and a number of relatives to deplore his loss. I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, FELIX CAMPBELL. Sydney, January 25, 1855.


Violinist, viola player, pianist, music teacher

Active Perth, WA, by 1887 (from New Zealand)


[Advertisement], The Daily News (7 January 1887), 2

"STATION NOTES", The Advertiser (12 May 1928), 8

"A MUSICAL JUBILEE", The West Australian (20 February 1936), 11


Fremantle Orchestral Society (1887); "pupil of Professor F. O. Cailliau"


Musicseller, musician

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 September 1824 (free per Portland, from Leith, via Rio de Janeiro)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 October 1824 (per Portland, from Hobart Town, 3 October)
Active until July 1825


Dress-maker, musicseller

Active Sydney, NSW, October 1824 to October 1829


Not to be confused with the well-established Sydney general merchants, Robert Campbell senior and Robert Campbell junior, Robert Campbell was, for somewhat less than a year, Sydney's first dedicated music retailer.

Passengers on the Portland, an Australian Company ship that departed from Leith, Scotland, on 1 April, the brother and sister Robert and Ann Campbell arrived in Hobart (via Rio de Janeiro) on 10 September 1824. There Campbell is sure to have found, and probably come to know, the local music-seller John Philip Deane.

On 3 October, the Campbells sailed on with the same ship to Sydney, arriving on 16 October. Having found premises at 93 George-street, the pair placed their first advertisements (respectively as a music-seller, and dress-maker "late of Regent-Street, St. James's, London) in The Sydney Gazette on 28 October. At his "MUSIC & MUSICAL INSTRUMENT WARE HOUSE", due to open on 1 November, Campbell offered:

the most extensive and elegant assortment of Musical Instruments and printed Music ever imported into this Colony, consisting of piano fortes, organs, every description of flutes, fifes, clarinets, bugles, flageolets, guitars, violins, violoncellos, Aeolian harps, &c. &c. Also, a. choice selection of new Music by the most favorite composers, all of which will be sold on the most reasonable terms . . . the whole were carefully selected by himself, while in the employment of the respectable house of Messrs. Clementi and Co. Cheapside, London . . .

In the same issue, the Gazette editorialised:

"Music hath charms to soothe the savage breast,
To soften rocks, and bend the knotted oak."

We cannot avoid noticing the new and much needed Establishment, just formed by Mr. Robert Campbell, only lately from London, and who with Miss Campbell (his sister) came passenger on the Portland. Such an advertisement as that of Mr. Campbell, appearing in our front page of to-day, never before adorned the pages of the SYDNEY GAZETTE . . .

In a second advertisement in mid-December, music was pushed to the bottom of the list of items for sale behind a "rich selection" of imported dress items and fabrics.

In April, Campbell announced he was also opening a Circulating Library, possibly on the pattern of Deane's Hobart establishment, and during the King's Birthday Races, toward the end of the month, held a Race Ball and Supper at his rooms, at which the music was provided by Captain Piper's Band. Campbell's liberality in donating the left-over food to the Benevolent Asylum was duly noted.

Also at King's Birthday, Joseph Reichenberg's Australian quadrilles were advertised for sale at Campbell's.

In July, however, Campbell advertised that he had appointed an agent to collect bad debts, and he and his business disappear from the record thereafter. Last mention of him appears in an advertisement for sale at Lord's Waterloo stores of:

huckabacks, diapers, dimities, muslins, cambrics, thread lace, concert flutes, &c. the property of Mr. Robert Campbell, musician, and sold for his profit or loss, for the benefit of his creditors.

Ann Campbell, however, continued to sell music and instruments at the same premises, and later from 36 Pitt-street, as late as June 1826. Her business finally went into trusteeship in October 1829. Meanwhile, from his arrival from London in mid-1825, John Edwards effectively took over as Sydney's dedicated musicseller.


[News], Hobart Town Gazette (10 September 1824), 2

[News], Hobart Town Gazette (17 September 1824), 2

"SHIP NEWS", The Australian (21 October  1824), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 1

also [Advertisement], The Australian (28 October 1824), 1

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 December 1824), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 March 1825), 4

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1825), 2

"THE RACE BALL AND SUPPER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 April 1825), 2

[3 advertisements, 2 x Campbell, 1 x Reichenberg], The Australian (28 April 1825), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (7 July 1825), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 July 1825), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 February 1826), 1

[Advertisement], The Monitor (2 June 1826), 1s

[Advertisement], The Australian (7 October 1829), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 October 1829), 1


Church musician, choral class instructor, precentor, conductor of psalmody (Scotch Kirk, Hobart)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1841-42


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 July 1841), 1

Sacred Music. WILLIAM CAMPBELL, Leader of Sacred Music in St. Andrew's Church, intends opening a Class for teaching Sacred Music in all its parts, so soon as a sufficient number of pupils will come forward . . . N.B. Wanted, Two good bass, three treble, one tenor, and one counter-tenor Singers, who will be liberally paid. Hobart Town, July 19, 1841

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (1 February 1842), 2

Wanted Immediately, THREE or four respectable Females, with good voices, to sing in the Choir of St. Andrew's Church, to whom a liberal salary will be allowed. Apply to William Campbell, 55, Elizabeth-street. January 28, 1842. 217

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Colonial Times (5 April 1842), 3

On the Jurors being called, Messrs. Morgan and Campbell pleaded their exemption, under the Jury Act - the former as Coroner, (the appointment to which he held in his hand) and the latter as Precentor to the Scotch Kirk: they were severally allowed . . .


Succeeded Daniel Williams as leader of sacred music at St. Andrew's Church, Hobart Town.


Dancer, actor, professor of dancing

Born c.1814/15
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by January 1846
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by September 1846
Married Louisa Hayes, Baptist Chapel, Launceston, 23 June 1853
Died Richmond, TAS, 15 February 1860, aged 46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 January 1846), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1846. MR. CAMPBELL, The celebrated Dancer, originally of the Theatres Edinburgh, Glasgow, &c, lately from the American Theatres, will have the honour of making his debut on the above Evening . . .

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (13 January 1846), 3

. . . We had nearly forgotten to notice the new actor, Mr. Campbell, an omission we by no means intended to make, inasmuch as we are of opinion that Mr. Campbell is a decided acquisition to the Theatre; he walks the stage with the step of an experienced actor, his action is good, and his by-play excellent; his voice, however, is rather deficient, but we understand he is at present labouring under a severe cold; be this so or not, ho is a most useful adjunct to the company . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 February 1846), 1 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 March 1846), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1846 . . . The Interlude will consist of A NEW IRISH JIG, (Arranged by Mr. Campbell), MISS A. CLARKE . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 September 1846), 691 

. . . Mr. Campbell deserves a compliment for the proficiency of his pupil Walker, whose "Sailor's Hornpipe" was remarkably well done, and would do credit to any stage.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 September 1848), 61

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1848), 78

Fashionable Dancing and Ball-room Etiquette!!! WM. CAMPBELL, Professor of Dancing, Begs to return thanks, to his numerous friends and the public generally, for the support rendered him since his commencement; and at the same time, intimates that he has taken, for the better accommodation of his pupils, The "Cornwall Assembly Rooms," where his classes will meet every Monday and Wednesday at the usual hours.

Wm. Campbell (pupil of the celebrated "Angelo," Professor of Fencing, at the Long Rooms, Bond-street, London) will give tuition in that art; also, the Broad Sword Exercise, and other branches of the gymnastics.

Terms as usual, payable in advance.

W. C. begs to intimate to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Perth, and Longford, that be intends visiting those places professionally once a week, to commence on Saturday next, the 7th of October. For other particulars, enquire at the "Cornwall Hotel", Launceston; the "Queen's Head", Perth, and Mr. Clyne's, Longford, Sept. 30.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 December 1849), 1018

Marriages in the district of Launceston, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:849678; RGD37/1/12 no 1160 

Deaths in the district of Richmond, 1860; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1202051; RGD35/1/29 no 935 

No 307/935 / 15th Feby. '60 / William Campbell / 46 yrs / Dancing Master / Accidental Injuries Verdict Coroner's Inquest . . .

"RICHMOND", Launceston Examiner (18 February 1860), 4

FATAL ACCIDENT. - An Inquest was held at the Union Hotel, Richmond, to enquire into the cause of the death of Mr. William Campbell, professor of dancing, late of Hobart Town, who was killed on the 15th Instant. From the evidence brought forward it appeared that Mr. Campbell had been residing at Brighton, and a few days ago made arrangements with John Campbell of that place, who has two bullocks that work in harness like horses, to take his furniture, wife and three young children to Sorell, where he was going to reside, and for this purpose got as far as Richmond; stopping the night at Mr. Cullogh's, and left for their intended new house about 9 o'clock on the following morning, Mrs. Campbell and the children riding on the top of the load, the deceased and driver (J. Campbell) walking. After passing the first gate, about a mile from Richmond, there is a rise of a hill, which the leading bullock was not willing to ascend. The driver stopped his team and took him out as the other was able to take up the load, and while securing the bullock to a tree about twelve yards distant, Mr. Campbell got upon the dray, probably with the intention of securing something on it, for he was seen pulling at a rope (Mrs. Campbell and the children got out to walk up the hill where they first stopped). By some means he fell from the dray on the bullock, whose head was rather towards Richmond. The animal immediately started off at a fearful pace down the hill, dragging the deceased under the cart, and it was not until it was stopped at the gate before mentioned that any aid could be afforded to the unfortunate deceased. He was found to have a portion of the rope fastening the load round the ankle of one of his legs, by which he was borne along at a headlong pace. The deceased was not quite dead when Campbell got up to him and cut the rope, and the body fell on the ground. He spoke to deceased, who asked to be raised up he then said, "take me away from this place;" to which Campbell replied, "lay your head down and be quiet till I go into Richmond for medical and other assistance." Mrs. Campbell and the children by this time returned to the spot, and a scene ensued that baffles description. It was ultimately found that his thigh was broken, as well as receiving injuries about the abdomen, from which the bowels protruded; it was frightful to look at. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (20 February 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 July 1865), 1

ADOLPHUS F. SPILLER, (Pupil of Carandini and Campbell.) . . .


Corporal of the band (band of the 50th Regiment in India), bandmaster (Queen's Orphan School)

Born England, c. 1819/20
Active Hobart, TAS, by 1864
Died Hobart, TAS, 25 January 1876, in his 57th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Campion may have served in the Band of 50th regiment on its first Australian tour of duty (1834-41); if so, he was in his mid to late teens at the time. But he was certainly retired from the regiment and settled in Tasmania well before the regiment's second arrival in 1866.


"THE QUEEN'S ASYLUM. DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES", The Mercury (19 December 1864), 2

. . . Shortly after the general body of the children had taken their allotted places the recently organised band of the establishment entered upon the scene, and formed thence forward a prominent and most agreeable feature of the display. The members of the band, 25 in number, and for the most part rather below than above the average size of the inmates, were dressed in a neat uniform of blue with red facings. Their instruments consisted of fifes and drums, and a bugle. The last named instrument was very creditably played by Samuel Grimshaw, the boy who, as will be seen below, took one of the Fox's prizes for the year. Grimshaw acquired his knowledge of bugle playing from the carpenter of the Institution, bugler Luckhurst, of the City Guards. The leader of the band is Bandmaster Campion, also of the City Guards, and the manner in which they executed several pieces of music, including the National Anthem and British Grenadier, was surprisingly good, especially when regarded in connection with the fact that it is only some three months since the band was originated . . .

"QUEEN'S ASYLUM", The Mercury (30 December 1869), 3 


Death in the district of Hobart, 1876; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1152464; RGD35/1/8 no 3193 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (27 January 1876), 1 

"SOUTHERN NEWS", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 May 1876), 3 

The members of the City Band and of the Hobart Town Dramatic Club intend giving a complimentary benefit at the Theatre Royal on the 5th June, to the widow of the late Thomas Campion, who was one of the oldest players in the city, and at the time of his death was teacher of the Orphan School Band. In earlier years he was in the army, and served through the whole of of the Indian mutiny. His widow, we understand, has been left in destitute circumstances, and his former friends are now generously combining to lend her a helping hand.


Teacher of the violin and flute

Active Sydney, NSW, by March 1844


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1844), 3 

A CARD. MR. J. G. CANHAM, Teacher of the Violin and Flute, begs most respecfully to acquaint the respectable inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that in addition to giving instructions on the above instruments, he will feel pleasure in attending Balls, Parties, &c, &c, having formed a very superior Band, capable of giving every satisfaction in the performance of the most admired and popular airs, waltzes, quadrilles, &c, now played in London. Mr. C. having recently left the metropolis, embraced the opportunity of making a superior selection from the first composers of the present day, and which he flatters himself will be found (when executed by the band under his directions) equal to anything of the kind heretofore introduced into this city, Mr. C, having had great experience in teaching, flatters himself that his method of instruction will be found both simple and comprehensive by his pupils, he therefore confidently pledges himself to the speedy advancement of such amateurs and professional students as may be desirous of placing themselves under his tuition. Terms, per quarter - for violin or flute, £2 2s.; for the quadrille band, according to the number engaged. Orders left at Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, George-street, or at the residence of Mr. C., Darling House, Lower Fort-street, will be immediately attended to.

CANNA, Pietro (Pietro Domenico Costantino CANNA)

Drummer, drum major, bandmaster

Born Gabiano, Turin, Italy, 1832 (or 1830); son of Giovanni Battista CANNA
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by April 1856
Married Mary Elizabeth BARETER, St. Peter's, Melbourne, 16 December 1871
Died Rangoon, Burma, 22 September 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Sardinian drum major in the allied army at Sebastopol (1854-55), Canna had arrived in Melbourne by April 1856, and spent the next couple of years in Ballarat.

Between the pieces at the Olympic in Melbourne in August 1859, there was:

a performance upon drums by a Mons. Pietro Canna, and a catch piece entitled "Our national Defences, or the Cockshot Yeomanry.

Mons. Pietro Canna made his debut before a Melbourne audience in the hall of the Theatre.

According to another press report:

His specialty consists in actively beating drums, conveniently ranged around him, until the noise becomes almost deafening. As a sample of manual dexterity and endurance, his exhibition is by no means uninteresting, but a judicious curtailment would greatly increase its attractiveness. The drums of the ears of the audience would require to be as substantial as M. Canna's instruments to stand many displays such as that of last night.

He died in Rangoon in 1885.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 April 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (18 August 1857) 3

"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (6 January 1859), 2

"OLYMPIC", The Argus (9 August 1859), 5

[News], Empire (18 October 1859), 4

CLEARANCES", Empire (28 November 1859), 4

"VICTORIAN ARTILLERY ENCAMPMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1861), 2

[News], The Argus (14 July 1863), 4

"LETTER TO THE EDITOR. A CHALLENGE", The Star (13 November 1863), 3

"NEW DRUM", Australian Town and Country Journal (16 July 1870), 24

The well-known performer on the drum, Signor Pietro Canna, at present in Melbourne, has made a new drum on a new principle, which has been greatly admired by those who have seen it. The novelty of the instrument is its narrow shape, the distance between the heads being only nine inches, while the diameter is thirty inches. The weight of the drum is only 6lb, and yet the tone is more powerful than that of the ordinary-shaped drum. Instruments of this shape have recently been introduced into the French military bands, and the lightness has been found to be an important desideratum.

"MR. PLAISTED'S CONCERT", The Argus (25 February 1884), 7

"VICTORIAN ITEMS", The Mercury (6 January 1886), 3

Old colonists will remember the celebrated Sardinian drummer, Signor Pietro Canna. He slipped on board a steamer at Rangoon, and being unable to swim, he sank before any assistance could be rendered him. The sad news of poor Peter's death has been received with general sorrow in Melbourne, where he was a general favourite. During his sojourn in India he made himself a great favourite.

Bibliography and resources:


Rival of George Twentyman (Herr Schoot)

CAPE, Mary Anne (KNIGHT; Mrs. William CAPE)

Teacher of music

Married William Cape (1773-1847), Tenterden, Kent, 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 18 May 1822 (per Denmark Hill, from England, 6 January)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1852, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS IN AND NEAR LONDON", The Monthly Magazine, or British Register (1 January 1806), 569

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (18 May 1822), 2

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (8 June 1822), 2

MRS. CAPE begs leave to inform her Friends and the Inhabitants of Hobart Town, that she has brought from England, a GRAND PIANO FORTE; with a choice Collection of Music, by the first Composers of Italian and English Operas, Scotch and Irish Airs, &c., with which she purposes to give Lessons of Instruction in Music to Young Ladies, at their own Residence, or at her Apartments at the corner of Collins-street, lately occupied by Mr. Owen. For cards and further particulars apply to Mrs. Stocker, Derwent Hotel.

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (16 November 1822), 2

MRS. CAPE informs the respectable Families in Van Diemen's Land, that she intends to open, after the Christmas Recess, an Establishment for twelve Young Ladies, as Boarders, at the late Residence of P. A. Mulgrave, Esq. in Liverpool street, where she proposes, with the Assistance of proper Masters, to communicate Instruction, in various Branches of Female Education. - Terms: - Fifty Guineas a year; Music ten Guineas a year extra. Masters and Washing extra. N. B. - One-quarter's advance Payment will be indispensably necessary; and each Young Lady will be expected to bring the usual Requisites. Reference, for Particulars, may be made to Mrs. Cape, at Mr. Hame's, Harrington-street.

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (11 January 1823), 2

MR. CAPE, being under the painful necessity (though a father and a husband) of informing the Public, that his wife, Mary Ann Cape, has again left her home, without the least provocation, leaving her children in a most distressing state, deems it an imperative duty to caution the Inhabitants not to trust her on his account, as he will not be responsible for any debts contracted by her, whom he requests to return to the bosom of her family, and not to attend to the gross advice of any individual:- And Mr. Cape will deem it illegal should any person or persons shelter Mrs. Cape after this Notice. N. B. - The House now occupied by Mr. Cape, on the Hospital Hill, is to be Let, and possession given immediately.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1852), 5

On the 8th instant, at her residence, O'Connell-street, Sydney, aged 65, Mary Anne, relict of the late William Cape, Esq.

Bibliography and resources:

V. W. E. Goodin, "Cape, William (1773-1847)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

CAPERRE, Madame (Madame Emile CAPERRE)


Arrived Adelaide, SA, 11 February 1851 (per Mazeppa, from Batavia, via Hobart Town)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 22 November 1851 (per Eugene, for Mauritius) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Wife of the Equestrian showman Emile Caperre, Madame Caperre opened a fashion store in Adelaide in March 1851, and made her first (and, in the event, only advertised) public appearance, along with Camille del Sarte (who had arrived on the same ship), as a vocalist at a charity concert in September. The couple's Adelaide sojourn appears to have been brought to a premature end after a serious accident befell Emile in late September, whereafter they sailed for Mauritius.


"THE EQUESTRIAN COMPANY", Allen's Indian Mail and Register of Intelligence 5/86 (5 October 1847), 580

The Equestrian Company arrived at Rajghaut on the 3rd instant. Monsieurs Emile, Caperre [sic], and Andre preceded the Company about a week. They are all preparing to go down in a day or two to Calcutta, where they intend to offer a series of performances in October next. We wish them every success, and a plentiful harvest of l'argent in the City of Palaces. The Company did better at Agra and Bhurtpore than at any other station in the north-west. At Lucknow, where they expected a mint of money, they fared worse. His effeminate majesty, we suppose, would rather indulge himself with the enervating amusements of the Harem, than patronize the manly feats of peerless equestrianship, and the wonderful gymnastic exercises so successfully exhibited by Emile, Caperre [sic] and his comrades.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (18 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 March 1851), 2

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (13 September 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 September 1851), 2

"THE CONCERT LAST NIGHT", South Australian Register (18 September 1851), 2

This was a most triumphant affair, the room being so crowded that we have reason to fear many left it disappointed from the want even of standing room. We have left ourselves no opportunity, in this issue, for any critique on the evening's performances; but we cannot avoid saying that the two new stars, Madame Caperre and Monsieur Del Sarte, more than realized the expectations that had been formed in reference to their acknowledged talents. They certainly made manifest to all present that the musical public in this province have gained, in them, an immense acquisition.

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (19 September 1851), 3

. . . The palm of the evening we mast award unhesitatingly to Madame Caperre, who possesses not only very powerful and extensive musical endowments, but has also evidently been well educated. Her excellent style in the two Arias in "Robert le Diable" was genuinely French, and must therefore be judged of accordingly. We confess, however, we were not altogether satisfied with the first of the two performances (l'Aire de Grace), in which she was several times nearly half a tone too low; but her second attempt (Avant que je quittai Ja Nonnandie) was the performance of an accomplished artiste, and undoubtedly the gem of the evening . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 October 1851), 1

"COURTS OF MAURITIUS", Decisions of the Supreme Court, Vice-Admiralty Court and Bankruptcy Court of Mauritius . . . 1869; part 1 (Mauritius: I. Channell, 1869), 51-52 

FEBURE MARTIAL, & Co., - Plaintiffs, versus CAPERRE AND ANOR., - Defendants . . . his was an action for work and labor done in erecting a Circus in the "Champ de Mars," to be used by the Defendants, for the public exhibition of equestrian performances . . .


CARANDINI, Gerome (Jerome)





See family main page:


Violinist, pianist, teacher

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 14 April 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after December 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Felix Caranzani de Valle (Signor Caranzani; also, incorrectly, "Signor Carazini", and "Carandini") first appeared in Melbourne on 14 April 1853 as "Principal Solo Performer" in Joseph Megson's series of Weekly Thursday Concerts. A fortnight later, billed as "the celebrated violinist from La Scala", he was in Sydney appearing for John Winterbottom and Henry Marsh in one of their "Concerts a la Jullien", in which Harriet Fiddes (Cawse) was the main vocal performer.

He made several appearances in June and July, including for pianist Coleman Jacobs, billed as "first Violinist to the King of Sardinia" and playing a Souvenir de Bellini.

According to George Loyau, the young John Thomson Hall received lessons from Caranzani for 2 years. Since Caranzani's name disappears from the press record until late 1854, he was presumably during this time a member of Winterbottom's band. He placed a final advertisement in the Melbourne Argus in December 1854:

SIGNOR CARANZANI del Valle, late first violinist of the orchestra at Valparaiso, having beard of the arrival of an Italian Opera Company, at Queen's Theatre, Sydney, offers his services if required, either as violinist or pianist. Address office of this paper, Melbourne.


Giulietta e Romeo: tragedia per musica da rappresentarsi in Pavia . . . il Carnovale del 1830 (Pavia: Bizzoni, [1830]), 

Musica del signor Maestro NICOLA VACCAI . . . ORCHESTRA. Maestro al Cembalo, Sig. Giuseppe Antonio Sartirana; Primo Violino e Direttore d'Orchestra, Sig. Giuseppe Sordeli; Primo Violino de Balli, Sig. Maestro Felice Caranzani . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1853), 3

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the Direction of Mr. Megson. On THURSDAY NEXT, 14th APRIL. Principal Vocal Performers: Sopranos, Mrs. Testar and Mrs. Hancock. Tenore, Mr. Hancock. Alto, Mr. Mitchell. Basso, Mr. Bancroft. Principal Solo Performer: Mons. Felix Caranzani del Valle. The Band: Leader, Mr. Megson . . .Solo - violin - Monsieur Felix Caranzini del Valle . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1853), 2

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 June 1853), 2 

. . . Signor Caranzani, (1st violin to H. M. the King of Sardines,) though a queer looking fish, acquitted himself most satisfactorily, he is unquestionably master of that most difficult of instruments, and his execution is unusually brilliant. We were decidedly pleased with the Signor . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1853), 1

"MR JACOBS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1853), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 December 1854), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Loyau 1885, 184

. . . New South Wales was visited about that time by a distinguished violinist named Caranzani, bearing a noted Italian reputation, and Mr. Hall was placed under him and received lessons for two years, when he joined Winterbottom's orchestra . . .


Engraver, of sheet music covers, ? sheet music (for Francis Ellard)

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 27 December 1803
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 October 1825 (free per Triton, from Leith 21 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 July 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Carmichael executed several engraved title pages for sheet music prints by Francis Ellard. He signed the equestrian illustration (copied and slightly varied from an unidentified imported edition) on the cover of one of Ellard's two very first locally printed pieces of sheet music, The lancers' quadrilles, issued in Sydney in August 1839. He also engraved the ornamented cover of the other first piece, Henri Herz's ballad We have lived and loved together, the design and detail probably also copied from a London original. For other Ellard editions with covers signed by him, between 1839 and c.1844, see:

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 141-43 (DIGITISED)

Karen Eaton, "John Black Carmichael (1803-1857), artist and engraver", Australiana (November 2015), 6-20

Bibliography and resources:

"John Black Carmichael", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"John Carmichael", Deaf in New South Wales: a community history" (website Deaf Society of NSW, 2013)

"John Carmichael's works: artworks for publications" (website Deaf History Australia

CARMUSCI, Domenico

Professor of Singing (Late of the Sistine Chapel), vocalist, pianist, organist, composer

Arrived Brisbane, QLD, by 1874
Departed Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1876 (per China, for Venice)


"CAPPELLA PONTIFICA . . . CAPPELLANI CANTORI", Annuario Pontifico (1863), 364

"CAPPELLA PONTIFICA . . . CAPPELLANI CANTORI", Annuario Pontifico (1870), 395

[News], The Queenslander (24 August 1872), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 September 1872), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (23 September 1872), 2

THE new Mass, which has been composed by the Rev. D. Carmusci, was sung at St. Stephen's Church yesterday morning . . . The occasion attracted a considerable number of members of other denominations. The choir was an excellent one, comprising a good proportion of our professional and amateur musical talent, and the composer had little reason to complain regarding the rendering of his composition. Father Carmusci, while not aspiring to the genius of a Mozart has given to the world many musical productions, chiefly of a religious character, which have been largely appreciated, and his latest effort will add vastly to his reputation. The Mass, as a whole, must be spoken of very favorably, and abounds with passages of great beauty. The "Kyrie Eleison" may be termed the gem of the composition. The "Gloria" has the fault of being rather long, and therefore taxes severely the powers of the choir. The "Benedictus," which is arranged as a duet, is very sweet and pleasing, and was rendered full justice to by Mrs. and Master Atkinson. In a larger building, and accompanied by a good organ, there is hardly a doubt that the Mass would be deemed by the most critical congregation a composition worthy of all praise.

"MUSIC", The Queenslander (28 September 1872), 3

"Dr. Carmusci's Concert", The Brisbane Courier (8 October 1874), 3

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (19 October 1874), 1

"DR. CARMUSCI's concert . . .", The Queenslander (24 October 1874), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1874), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1875), 9

"SIGNOR CARMUSCI'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1875), 5

"ST. JOHN'S CHAPEL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (10 April 1875), 13

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1876), 9

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1876), 4


Conductor, composer

Born Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, 13 January 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1876
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 May 1905 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CARON, Madame (Elsa, Tasma, Eliza SHERWIN)

Soprano vocalist

CARON, Irma (Irma Lonie Tasma; 1919 Mrs. Marmiom Percy Greenwood ADAMS)

Soprano vocalist, violinist, dancer


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1880), 12

"EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (8 November 1880), 6

"M. LEON CARON", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1885), 8

In the programme . . . which will take place next Saturday afternoon at the Kew Opera House, M. Caron appears as composer of a choral symphony which in three sections will be given by a grand orchestra of 50 performers, in the first part; he is also too composer of Orchestral Souvenirs Patriotiques, founded upon the Marseillaise; of a waltz, to be played by the full band; and of two vocal solos from his prize cantata, " Victoria", which will be sung by Mr. C. Harding and Mr. P. J. Hallowell. . . . M. Leon Caron will also play his own violin concerto and two violin solos, and conduct the whole. The concert is certainly unique, no symphony or concerto having yet been performed or directed in Sydney by the composer.

"M. LEON CARON'S MATINEE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1885), 5

. . . The orchestra, though numbering barely half the total expected, included many of the best instrumentalists in town: Mr. Rice, leader of the Theatre Royal orchestra; Herr Küster and Mr. R. Allpress, of the New Opera House; Herr Patek, 'cello; Mr. S. Hodge, clarionet; -- oboe; Mr. Parkes, trombone; Messrs. Hutchinson and Marten, flutes; and Herr Kuhe, French horn. To this fact must be attributed the success attained in the instrumental numbers, together with the ability of M. Caron as conductor . . . for, as too often happens, a full rehearsal had not been had. Recently, a London critic blamed a conductor for attempting a performance with only five rehearsals, and this with a London orchestra, and chorus; yet such is Australian temerity, that without even one rehearsal, at which all members were present, a symphony is given. It must be said that in this case the players voluntarily gave their services, and that other duties prevented the attendance of some of them, but the fact remains that, as a general rule in Sydney far too little rehearsal is exacted, the people get accustomed to slipshod performances, which cannot advance the progress of music, and utterly wrong impressions of composers' works are received both from the want of a sufficient number of instrumentalists to give the works as they are intended, and from the great reluctance of those who are available to go through the necessary drill before a performance. The programme opened with a choral symphony, or "Symphonie Poema l'Idéal", by M. Leon Caron. The work was given in three sections during the first part, but for convenience is noted collectively. The chorus was not represented, though properly there are vocal parts in the second, third (chorale), and final movements. The opening in E flat, largo, is for clarionettes, horns, and bassoons. After eight bars the theme is taken up by the full band and effectively treated; the largo, after 40 bars, changes into on allegro maestoso, a long and stately movement, in which the principal motif becomes in turn the solo theme for various instruments. In this the concluding portion should be accompanied by full chorus and organ, and with the orchestration, which is clever and well varied, would be highly effective. The andante amoroso in A flat opens for strings alone with a simple melodious theme; after eight bars the light wind instruments repeat the theme, which is prettily developed; and after another 40 bars the full force of the orchestra takes up the opening motif, with a brilliant result. The scherzo vivace in E flat opens with tympani and flutes, treated somewhat in the manner of Meyerbeer in "The Huguenots"; this is very cleverly worked. Later the voices have a chorale in C, after which the original theme is heard with flutes and tympani, and the two subjects are interwoven and worked up into a spirited and most effective quick movement fortissimo. This on a first hearing appears by far the finest movement in the symphonie, and its repetition, with a far more numerous orchestra and chorus to give the effect the composer intended, would be most welcome and interesting. No 4, the finale in E flat, opens for horns, clarionettes, and bassoons in a striking theme andante con moto, succeeded by a series of passages in which the subject is well distributed among the various instruments in solo portions, with full effective scoring. Here also is a fine choral part, the theme like that in the scherzo, but in a different key, and the finale brilliantly worked up. The whole work proves undoubtedly that the composer has creative power and great ability, and the title "l'Idéal" is fully justified by the artist's execution of his musical fancy. In the second part "Souvenir Patriotique, or, An Episode of '93", was played. This has for its principal subject the "Marsellaise". It is as its name implies, a character or programme piece . . .

"AMUSEMENTS. HER MAJESTY'S AUSTRALIS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1900), 6

Musical works (selected)

Victoria (cantata; by Leon Caron; words by J. W. Meaden; performed for the first time at the inauguration of the Melbourne International Exhibition, 1st October, 1880)

Ms. full score (photocopy) 

Vocal score (London: Novello, Ewer; Melbourne: Allan, [1880]) 

Grand choral symphony, Symphonie poema l'Idéal (Melbourne, 7 November 1880)

Nitouche (grand galop de bravoure) (Sydney: H. J. Samuell, 1894) 

Djin-djin, the Japanese bogie-man (or, The great Shogun who lost his son & the little princess who found him; a fairytale of old Japan by Bert Royle and J. C. Williamson; music by Leon Caron; additional numbers by H. J. Pack [? George F. Pack]) [MS score, 1895] 

Nautch dance (composed for Mr. J. C. Williamson) [? composer's autograph] 

Nautch song (by Leon Caron) (Sydney: H. J. Samuell, 1895) 

It may be love (words by Bert Royle; sung with immense success by Miss Florence Young in the spectacular extravaganza "Matsa") (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., 1897) 

Australis; or, The city of Zero (extravaganza; music by Caron and F. W. Weierter; FP, Sydney, 26 December1900) 

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, "Caron, Leon Francis Victor (1850-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Bonnie J. Smart, Leon Caron and the music profession in Australia (M. Mus. thesis, University of Melbourne, 2003) (DIGITISED)

CARR, George (also William CARR; George KERR)

Master of the Band of the New South Wales Corps, convict

? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 October 1791 (convict per Admiral Harrington)
Active as convict master of the band, before March 1793
Enlisted in corps Sydney, NSW, 20 March 1793
Conditional pardon, 4 October 1793; ? corporal 1801
Died Sydney, NSW, October 1804

See also Band of the NSW Corps


? General order, Philip Gidley King, 29 December 1791; ed. HRNSW 1, 578, 580 

. . . The four watchmen for the town, Charles Cavenagh, Thomas McQueen, George Kerr, and Benjamin Graves, armed with staves, are to be divided into watches of four hours, and to patrole the streets as watchmen, calling aloud every half-hour the time of the night; they are to prevent any person leaving their hutts, or lurking about after eight . . . [580] . . . The township will be hereafter divided into four districts, which districts. Thos. Crowder, Fredk. Markett, Geo. Kerr, and Thos. Barnsley will be accountable for in mustering the people at different hours during the night, and to inform themselves of the business connections and acquaintances of those in their districts.

Letter from John Palmer, to commander Philip Gidley King, 7 March 1793 (State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Library King (a) Letter Book V187, 141) (Ed. Cobley, Sydney cove, IV, 17

. . . The Lieut. Governor [Francis Grose] wishes that Kerr, a Convict, (who was formerly Master of the Regimental Band of Musick) be sent hither [to Norfolk Island, on the Chesterfield] in order to his being emancipated, and enlisted to serve in the New So. Wales Corps . . .

[Cobley notes: Kerr was to be given the option of remaining at Norfolk Island, but his emancipation was to be conditional on his joining the Corps, for employment in the Regimental Band.]

NSW State Archives, Colonial Secretary (a) tetters, Conditional pardons, 14 October 1793 (ed. Cobley, Sydney cove, IV, 81)

. . . Carr, George . . .

Minute, Grand Lodge of Ireland, meeting in Dublin, 6 July 1797; reported in Proceedings: Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Canadad, 1965, fraternal correspondence, New South Wales - 1964, 44

The first mention of Masonry in Australia is in a minute book of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, where it is recorded that on 6th July, 1797, a petition was received from George Kerr, Peter Farrell and George Black praying for the issue of a Warrant to be held in the New South Wales Corps then serving at Port Jackson. Action was deferred and nothing seems to have occurred.

"DIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1804), 4

DIED. On Friday last, Mr. William Carr, long Master of the Band belonging to the New South Wales Corps.

Bibliography and resources:

John Cobley, Sydney Cove 1793-1795: the spear of settlement (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1983), 17, 81

Grahame H. Cumming, The foundations of freemasonry in Australia (Sydney: s. n., 1992), 1

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps 1789-1810 ([Canberra]: P. Statham, 1992), 304

Alan Atkinson, "The little revolution in New South Wales, 1808", The International History Review 12/1 (1990), 73 (PAYWALL)

The first evidence of Masonic activity in New South Wales dates from 1796-7, when three private soldiers petitioned the Grand Lodge of Ireland for a charter. The leading name was that of George Kerr, or Carr, an Irishman, at one time master of a regimental band and after that a convict.


Minstrel, serenader, vocalist, dancer, manager

Active Australia, by 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, ROYAL HOTEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1857), 5 

This troupe of serenaders commenced their novel entertainment on Wednesday evening, to a tolerably numerous audience . . . In the comic song of "The Blue Tail Fly," Mr. Dave Carson is worthy of notice for his clever imitation of the teasing insect, with its bold humming sound. The melange terminated with a scene depicting a plantation festival. The minstrels have taken the Lyceum, in York street.

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 66 

Dave Carson was another performer and manager who was best known abroad. He sailed for Australia in 1853 [sic, 1856], and for many years played in every section of that country. He returned to New York about 1869, and after appearing here for a while he again went abroad. He was born in New York about 1830; he was living as late as 1875.


Vocalist (late of the Opera Comique, Paris)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1854), 4 

CARTER, Samuel

Violin pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

SAMUEL CARTER (Violin.) 20, Gertrude st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

CASE, George

Professor of the English concertina, piano, violin

Born UK, 1823
Died ? Canada, 1892 (WorldCat identities)

CASE, Mrs. (Miss Grace EGERTON)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Died Montreal, Canada, 1881

Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, August 1864
Active NZ, October 1865 to February 1866
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, November 1868 (for India)
Arrived (2), WA, by May 1874 (from Ceylon)
Active NZ, February to May 1875
Departed (2), Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1875 (per Whampoa, for England)



"ART AND LITERARY GOSSIP", Empire (29 June 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (17 August 1864), 4

"MUSICAL CRITICISMS. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (10 March 1865), 3

"MR. AND MRS. GEORGE CASE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Mercury (24 October 1867), 2

"MR. AND MRS. GEORGE CASE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1868), 5

"PASSENGERS AND SPECIE PER RMSS BOMBAY", Empire (6 November 1868), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Dan Mitchell Worrall, "Chapter 7: The Concertina in Australia", in The Anglo-German concertina: a social history, volume 2 (Fulshear, Texas: The author, 2009), 75

"George Case [and Grace Egerton]", National Portrait Gallery, Canberra 

[GS ed.] George Case and his wife Grace Egerton, variety performers, made several successful tours of Australia in the 1860s and 1870s. Mrs. Case, the star of the duo, immediately impressed audiences with her impersonations, singing, dancing, dextrous changes of costume and prestidigitation in the persona of "The Wizard of the East". Mr Case's turns on violin and accordion were also applauded. In December 1864 they played before Governor and Lady Darling, and every seated lady received a carte de visite of Mrs. Case by Alexander Fox. In August 1865 the Brisbane Courier advertised that Grace Egerton would appear on a given night in fifteen different roles. In January 1868 she appeared at the Prahran Town Hall in "The Protean Cabinet" and "Enchanted Heads" ("with full explanation"). The same month at the Polytechnic Hall she took on three separate characters in "A scene in a London Restaurant". They were in Sydney by August that year. In Harrogate, Yorkshire in 1870 they appeared in a specially-written program, in which Mrs. Case starred as Mrs Major Buster, formidable mother-in-law, and Miss Judith Clench, "the determined advocate of woman's rights". In September 1875 they were in Brisbane performing "Latest Intelligence", in which Egerton assumed numerous identities: "the rapid transition from one to another is never allowed to interfere", wrote the Courier, "the short period necessarily intervening between the assumption of each character being effectively filled up by Mr. Case, whose performances on the violin and English concertina never failed to draw forth hearty manifestations of approbation." They were still drawing favourable reviews in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1879. Grace Egerton died in Montreal.


CASPERS, Henry Frederick

Pianist, organist, choirmaster, piano tuner

Born Germany, c.1849
Arrived Australia, ? c,1869
Active Goulburn, NSW, by 1876
Died Goulburn, 30 June 1915, aged 66 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CASPERS, William John


Born Albury, NSW, 1885 [12343/1885]
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 24 August 1971, aged 86

CASPERS, Agnes Beatrice

Musician, composer

Born Albury, NSW, 1886 [13296/1886]
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 June 1971

CASPERS, Ella (Ellanor Maria; Mrs Charles BRADLEY; Mrs. Alban Albury MALONEY)

Contralto vocalist

Born Albury, NSW, 1888 [13936/1888]
Died Taree, NSW, 21 April 1987, aged 98

CASPERS, Joseph Henry

Piano tuner

Born Albury, NSW, 1890 [3973/1890]
Enlisted AIF (55th Infantry), 15 February 1916; embarked 23 June 1916; returned 15 February 1918
Died NSW, 1976 [9753/1976]


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (1 July 1876), 5

"CHARITABLE ENTERTAINMENT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (23 September 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (9 February 1877), 3

"ST. PATRICK'S COLLEGE, GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (21 December 1878), 16

"GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (28 June 1879), 9

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY. THE BANQUET", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (19 March 1881), 5

"HENRY CASPERS' BANKRUPTCY", Evening News (1 December 1910), 6

"Death of Mr. H. Caspers", Young Witness (6 July 1915), 3

"GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (8 July 1915), 16

Mr. Henry Caspers, a well-known and highly esteemed resident of this town, and formerly of Albury, died at his late residence, Montague-street, on the 30th ult., after an illness lasting for nearly twelve months. The immediate cause of death was heart failure. The late Mr. Caspers, who was 66 years of age, came to Australia in his twentieth year. He married in Albury, Miss Eleanor Jones, daughter of the late Mr. W. Jones, and for some time, held the position of organist at St. Patrick's Church in that town. On coming to Goulburn he was appointed organist at SS. Peter and Paul's Cathedral, a position which his son, Mr. W. J. Caspers, held later for some years, and is now filled by his daughter, Miss Agnes Caspers. His father was Mr. John Caspers, a silk merchant, who died many years ago at the ripe old age of 80 years, and his brother, Mr. R. J. Caspers, who married and settled in Goulburn, where his widow and children still reside, died about 24 years ago. In the practice of his profession as a piano-tuner, Mr. Caspers travelled extensively throughout the State. The deceased gentleman, whose wife pre-deceased him by about 15 years, leaves a grown-up family of two sons and three daughters. The sons are Mr. W. J. Caspers, organist of St. Patrick's, Church, Church-hill, Sydney, and Mr. J. H. Caspers, of Goulburn; The daughters are Miss Ella Caspers, the well-known contralto, Miss Agnes Caspers, also well and favourably known as a musician and composer; and Sister Cleophas, of St. Michael's novitiate, North Goulburn.

"THE LATE MR. HENRY CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (13 July 1915), 3

"MISS ELLA CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (5 September 1911), 4

CASPERS, Rudolph

Amateur musician, photographer

Born Crefield, Rhenish Prussia, 23 May 1846
Arrived NSW, c.1877
Died Goulburn, NSW, 25 October 1891

CASPERS, John Rudolph (Jack)

Musician, choirmaster, oboist

Born Goulburn, NSW, 1888 [14549/1888]
Died Goulburn, NSW, 5 February 1939, aged 51


"MR. R. CASPERS", Goulburn Herald (26 October 1891), 2

Mr. Rudolph Caspers, the well-known photographer, died at his residence, Montague-street, yesterday morning at nine o'clock. His demise was rather sudden . . . He was born in Crefield, Rhenish Prussia, on the 23rd of May, 1846, and was therefore forty-five years of age. He settled in Goulburn about fourteen years ago.

"MR. JACK CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (6 February 1939), 4

. . . He had been a conductor of the SS. Peter and Paul's Cathedral choir for seven years and a member of the choir for over 30 years. He took a serious interest in music, a well known characteristic of the whole Caspers family. Under him the choir at SS. Peter and Paul's showed remarkable progress. He himself was also a singer of good baritone quality and not infrequently assisted the choir by taking solos. He was a member of the Liedertafel practically all his life, playing in the orchestra on the oboe and also assisting, when required, vocally. In his younger days a he was an outstanding tennis player and a prominent figure in tennis tournaments in and around Goulburn . . .

"OBITUARY. MR. JOHN RUDOLPH CASPERS", Catholic Freeman's Journal (16 February 1939), 32


Bugler, bandsman (Band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830-33



. . . It would be difficult to tell when the first bands performed in Hobart, but their origin was no doubt in connection with the early Imperial regiments stationed here. One of our oldest inhabitants remembers the band of the 63rd Regiment (now 1st Manchester) about the year 1828. Williams was bandmaster. The instruments used at that period were principally the key-bugle and the serpent (bass). There was a band sergeant named Cassidy, who was an expert on the former; he was often seen taking his rambles around the town playing his bugle. The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833 . . .


Band of the 63rd Regiment


Comic vocalist

Active VIC, 1856-59 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


TILKE'S CITY CONCERT HALL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (30 May 1857), 3 

. . . On Tuesday Mr. Cassidy, a comic vocalist, of much originality and talent, gave, for the first time, a new version of "Billy Barrow," with good local hits at the follies of the day, both of high and low degree. The audionce thrice encored the effusion, and it will become vory popular . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (12 February 1858), 3 

STAR CONCERT HALL. IN consequence of the immense success of the "European Band," they will continue nightly to perform their gems of harmony. MR. J. W. CASSIDY, the unequalled comic singer, will give a selection of comic novelties; and MR. J. W. VINCENT, The unrivalled and brilliant pianist and baritone, will give some of Henry Russell's latest and best compositions. DANCING Will commence at ten o'clock, under an efficient M. C. The strictest order and decorum will be maintained. There will shortly be sung by MR. CASSIDY, a new song by A. J. Taylor, entitled "The Rival Coaches," with Sketches from Jerry Luther, ESQ.

"VICTORIA HOTEL", Bendigo Advertiser (20 December 1858), 3 

. . . Mr. Cassidy, who has been so long a favorite comic singer at Tilke's Concert Room in Melbourne, having made his first appearance here on Saturday night. He is a comic vocalist of some considerable degree of humorous talent and likely to become a favorite at the Victoria . . .


Bandmaster, composer


An Irish bandmaster, he never came to Australia, but composed the Kangaroo galop, first published in London in 1862, and first advertised for sale in Australia by Charles Platts in Adelaide in February 1863.

There was also an Australian edition of his The burlesque galop ("as performed by the band of H. M. 12th Regt. Under the Direction of Mr. H. Prince")

See also this American edition online.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 February 1863), 1 

THE KANGAROO GALOP, by James Cassidy, composer of the celebrated "Burlesque Galop." PLATTS'S Music Rooms, Hindley and King William streets.


Convict, guitarist, teacher of the Spanish guitar

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 29 March 1837 (convict per Sarah, from London, 29 November 1836)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), ? until early 1848 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Callegari and Pietro Callegari


At Port Arthur Castanos gave music and drawing lessons and "most people were convinced of his innocence, and all the best people joined together to request a free pardon for him from the Queen". [D'Urville] He was undoubtedly encouraged in this activity by Thomas James Lempriere who was an accomplished artist and musician. Later in Hobart he advertised as a teacher of the Spanish guitar according to the method of Charles Michael Sola (1786-1857).


[Advertisement], The Courier (7 January 1846), 1 

Polyglot Academy. THE French, Italian, and Spanish Languages taught by Ferrari's Comparative Method, by one of his own Pupils. The advantages of the said method are so obvious and well known, that all comment upon them would be quite useless. In order that gentlemen in offices, counting-houses, &c., may profit of the said institution, the class-time will be from 6 to 9 P.M. Terms moderate. Spanish Guitar also taught, according to Sola's Practical Chord Method. Private Lessons attended to. Apply to the "Courier" Office, or the residence of Senor De Castanos, 57, Argyle-street.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (13 November 1846), 2 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (5 January 1847), 2 

FRENCH, ITALIAN, & SPANISH LANGUAGES, And Spanish Guitar. SENOR DE CASTANOS begs to acquaint his friends and the public, that he continues his Lessons in the above branches of Education, and that he has at present several hours disengaged, which he will be happy to dedicate to the instruction of those persons who may favor him with their patronage. Apply to this Office, or at Senor De Castanos' residence, 62, Macquarie-Street. Masters and Mistresses of Public Academies, who may require Senor De C.'s services in any of the above branches, will be attended to. January 5, 1847.

Bibliography and resources:

Douglas Wilkie, "'Take the times as they go, and the men as they are': the stories of John Perez de Castaños, Piedro Caligani and Louisa La Grange", Papers and proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 59/1 (April 2012), 38-59;dn=421486052065494;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

Douglas Wilkie, "Marie Callegari in Australia: the identity of Alexandre Dumas's narrator in Le journal de Madame Giovanni", Explorations (A journal of French-Australian connections) 54 (Australian Winter 2013), 3-24 

Douglas Wilkie, The journal of Madame Callegari: the true story behind Alexandre Dumas's 1855 Journal de Madame Giovanni ([Melbourne]: Historia Incognita, 2015) 

John Perez De Castanos, Convict records 


Tenor vocalist

Active Australia, 1882-83


Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1990, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34


Tenor vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by August 1864 to 1868


The Argus announced in August 1864:

That very general musical want, a new tenor of ability, it is said is about to be supplied here, in the person of Signor Castelli, lately arrived, who earned considerable reputation in the Parisian musical world while engaged at the Conservatoire, and who was in much request also as a concert singer. Signor Castelli has been engaged by Mr. Hoskins, for the Haymarket Theatre, and will, we believe, make his first appearance in an opera on Monday evening.

In a letter printed in the advertisements columns of the Argus in June 1865, he answered an accusation that Castelli was an assumed name, apparently admitting that it was originally Gloggner, and that he was a native of Lucerne, Switzerland.


[News], The Argus (24 August 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (24 August 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 September 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1868), 3

CASTER, Henry William

Baritone vocalist (Smith, Brown, and Collins's Veritable and Original Christy's Minstrels)

Born Nottingham, England, c.1829
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1865 (from ? England)
Died (suicide) Sydney, NSW, 11 March 1865, aged 36


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 1

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (27 February 1865), 5

. . . Mr. Caster has a pleasing baritone voice of good compass and sings his solos and, in concerted pieces, with able and musicianly effect . . .


THE INQUEST. The inquest on the body of William Henry Caster, aged thirty-six years, who committed suicide on Saturday afternoon by taking an overdose of poison at his lodgings, Stanley-street, was concluded, before the City Coroner and a jury of five, yesterday morning. A digest of the evidence taken at the inquest is as follows: - John W. Smith, manager of the Christy's Minstrels company, deposed that the deceased was native of Nottingham, England, and was a baritone singer; he was a member of the Christy's Minstrels company; witness knew him about eighteen months; he had a wife and two children in England; he was not a drinking man . . .

DEATH OF MR. W. H. CASTER, OF THE CHRISTY MINSTRELS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1865), 6


W. P. Collins, C. W. Rayner, Nicholas La Feuillade, Henri Herberte

CASTINE, Emma (Emma Frances CASTINE)

Soprano vocalist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1858; Beechworth, VIC, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Star (28 August 1858), 3

DUCHESS OF KENT CONCERT HALL, MISS CASTINE HAS ARRIVED from Melbourne, and will appear every evening in addition to the present company, consisting of Miss Sutherland, The finished character danseuse; Mr. Coxon, The local writer and singer; MR. MORGAN, The admired Basso; MR. PERCIVAL, The popular Tenor; MR. McDONALD, The Scottish vocalist. Pianist and Conductor, Mr. R. A. R. OWEN. Admission Free.

"DUCHESS OF KENT CONCERT ROOM", The Star (7 September 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (13 December 1858), 3

"EASTERN POLICE COURT. CAUSE LIST", The Star (13 December 1858), 4 

Emma Frances Castine v T. B. Smith, £12, labor. This was a summons for professional services as a singer at the Shakespeare Hotel. Mr. Walsh, for plaintiff, said she had been refused by defendant's wife permission to continue her services as per contract, and hence the suit for balance. Plaintiff said she had been compelled frequently to leave the house because of the drunken, and abusive, and violent behaviour of defendant's wife. Defendant's wife struck her, threw her clothes on the floor, and then they were thrown out of window, "which she lost a pair of bracelets and other things in consequence" . . .


Soprano vocalist, pianist

Born 1830
Arrived SA, 1855
Died Semaphore, SA, 16 March 1899

Bibliography and resources:

"Caterer, Marina (1830-1899)", Obituaries Australia

The numerous friends of Mr. Thomas Caterer, principal of the Semaphore Collegiate School, will learn with regret of the death of his wife, who died at his residence, Esplanade, Semaphore, on Thursday morning. The late Mrs. Caterer was the second daughter of the late Rev. G. D. Mudie, who was for some time the minister of the English Church in Hamburg (Germany), and co-partner with D'Aubigny, the well-known author of The French Revolution. Alter the arrival of the late Mr. Mudie in the colony, he was appointed chaplain of the Yatala Labor Prison. Mrs. Caterer came to the colony in 1855, and was early associated with the family of the late Sir George Kingston, Speaker of the House of Assembly. The deceased lady was 69 years of age and was possessed of very high literary attainments. She was also an accomplished musician, and in the early seventies was one of the leading sopranos in the colony, taking part in many oratorios. During Mr. Caterer's occupation of the mayoral chair of Kensington and Norwood, she endeared herself to the poor and afflicted of the district by her kindliness. She was a sympathetic and true friend to many hundreds of boys, who have passed under her care, and they will sincerely mourn her death. In her early days she was actively associated with the gifted Elihu Barritt, and was, prior to coming to South Australia, one of the secretaries of his Peace Society. As a result of an accident eight years ago she has been more or less an invalid. . ..


Amateur vocalist, merchant trader

Born London, 23 December 1798
Arrived VDL (TAS), 16 May 1823 (per Ann, from England, 15 December 1822)
Died Invermay, TAS, 7 November 1879, aged 81


[News], The Hobart Town Gazette (17 May 1823), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 July 1824), 1

"CRIMINAL COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (25 November 1826), 2

"Dinner to Captain Cooling", Colonial Times (17 August 1827), 3

. . . The evening was spent with the greatest harmony and conviviality; and the party were delighted with some very excellent songs given by Messrs. Widowson and Cathcart.

"THE LATE MR. GEORGE CATHCART", Launceston Examiner (10 November 1879), 2


Pianoforte maker, repairer, tuner

Born Scotland, ?
Arrrived Australia, 1853
Died Ballarat, VIC, 13 May 1873, aged 60


[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (2 July 1866), 3

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (2 April 1867), 3

[News], The Argus (15 May 1873), 4

The Ballarat Courier reports that Mr. John Cathie, pianoforte-maker, a very old resident of Ballarat, and an ex M.L.A., died on Tuesday in the District Hospital. In 1859 Mr. Cathie was elected, jointly with Mr Humffray, to represent Ballarat East in the first Parliament under the new Constitution and was re-elected to the next Parliament. At that time Mr. Cathie was in good circumstances, and had a thriving business as a cabinetmaker in the Eastern township; but troubles connected with his Parliamentary duties caused him to neglect his more profit table occupation, and having lost his property and given up his seat in Parliament, he became a poor but honest tradesman in the city, his workshop and residence being on Soldiers' hill. There he has for years pursued the even tenor of his way, until recently overcome by sickness and paralysis, he was some two or three weeks since removed to the hospital. His wife not long ago was conveyed to the Yarra Bend as a harmless but confirmed lunatic. Mr. Cathie has left no family; but a sister's orphan child, whom, he had adopted, is left totally unprovided for. It was a strange and sad coincidence that whilst Mr. Cathie was lying in the hospital, his brother, who has a large family, was also an inmate of the institution, suffering from chronic rheumatism.

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (15 May 1873), 2

Mr. John Cathie, once member for Ballarat East in the Legislative Assembly of Victoria, died on Tuesday morning (says the Ballarat Star), in the district hospital, at the age of sixty. The deceased was a native of Scotland, - and went when young to London, where he received what education he ever had in his youth. He was in great part, however, a self-educated man, a product in that sense, too, of the mechanics' institute machinery of the old country. He took considerable interest in the elements of several sciences, and has often given plain lectures in Ballarat on electricity and chemistry. In political questions and in the temperance movement he also took an active interest, and was in these senses a public man locally. He arrived in Australia in 1853, and in Ballarat early in 1855. By trade a pianoforte maker and cabinetworker, he became foreman for the late John Stoneham, in Humffray-street, and afterwards opened business himself in his own premises in Peel-street . . .

"MISCELLANEOUS NEWS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (17 June 1873), 95

CATLOW, Edward Jones

Composer, lecturer on music, school-teacher

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 December 1848 (per Thomas Lowry, from London and Plymouth)
Died Mount Gambier, SA, 28 March 1885, aged 73


Vocalist, school-teacher


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (9 December 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 December 1848), 2

? "DRUNKENNESS", The South Australian Advertiser (16 February 1859), 2

"ADELAIDE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (30 October 1862), 3

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (18 December 1862), 2


"FINNIS VALE", South Australian Register (30 December 1864), 3

"FINNIS VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (6 January 1866), 2

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1869), 2

"DEATH", Border Watch (1 April 1885), 2

Musical works:

The tender moonlight (original colonial song) (with pianoforte accompaniment; words by Augusta M. Catlow; music by Edward J. Catlow) (Musical supplement to The Adelaide miscellany 10 (22 April 1869) 

CATTON, John Alfred Charles (Master Charles CATTON; John Alfred Charles CATTON)

Juvenile vocalist, music teacher

Born London, England, c.1841
Arrived with parents, Sydney, NSW, ? 1842
Active Bathurst, NSW, 1857
Married Louisa Amelia Lomax ROBINSON, St. Paul's, Geelong, VIC, 24 October 1866 (divorced NSW, 23 March 1875)
Died ? QLD, 22 December 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"AMATEUR CONCERT. IN AID OF THE BATHURST HOSPITAL", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 November 1857), 2 

It has rarely fallen to our lot to chronicle among our local "events" a circumstance which has suffered us so much unqualified gratification as the Concert which took place on Wednesday evening at the Victoria Theatre, not only with regard to the motives which actuated its initiation, and the institution which will derive aid from its results, but also with respect to the effect which social undertakings carried out in so harmonious a spirit must exercise upon the community at large. We feel a natural reluctance to criticise amateur performances under any circumstance, the more especially when we happen to be aware that they were the result of an impromptu movement, having for its object the sustentation of a charitable institution, the necessity and benefit of which are obvious to all, but we are anxious to afford what encouragement we may to those individuals who at the cost of much time and trouble, have initiated an entertainment which has proved so eminently successful and which we trust will only be the precursor of others of a similar nature on a more efficient and extended scale.

The Victoria Theatre was filled with a large and highly respectable audience, comprising most of the leading families of Bathurst and its neighbourhood, and we have no doubt that had a longer notice been given of the performance, a still larger number would have been present on the occasion. The list of performers included Master Catton, Mr. Shadforth, Mr. C. Turner, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Beach, Mr. Tiffin, and other amateurs. Miss Julia Clifford and Mr. Bruton also volunteered their valuable services together with Mr. Davis and Mr. Brown as instrumentalists. The programme contained a variety of morceaux generally of a popular nature, and necessarily, from the very short period allowed for preparation could but embrace few pieces of a classical or concerted character.

The principal feature of the evening was undoubtedly the performance of Master Charles Catton, which gave the most unqualified delight to the audience, which was evidenced by numerous showers of bouquets, (by the way a very unusual manifestation of popular favour in Bathurst,) and by their reiterated demands for encores amid the most uproarious applause. This young gentleman's very beautiful voice was heard to the greatest advantage on this occasion; we were especially pleased with his execution of a lovely ballad, "The Lonely Harp," the aria from the Sonnambula, "Ah! perche non posso odiara," and Miska Hauser's "Mocking Bird," which afforded him an ample opportunity for the display of his very versatile powers.

We fancied that Miss Julia Clifford was suffering from a cold as her rich and powerful voice did not appear to us as effective as usual, but it told well in the Choruses from Macbeth, and in the Finale. Mr. Charles Turner sang several ballads with much taste and feeling, and obtained encores in the "Irish Emigrant" and "We met by chance." We fancy that the nervousness unfortunately incidental to amateur performances had the effect of paralysing the power and delicacy which characterise Mr. Tucker's vocal efforts, but he delivered the ballads "I'm leaving thee, Annie" and "Poebe Morel" with very good effect. Mr. Beach, (whose name was not in the programme) sang the popular ballad "Hearts and Homes," and appears to possess a bass voice of considerable timbre. We must not forget to mention the very tasteful manner in which Glover's favorite duett, "What are the wild waves saying" was given by Master Catton and Mr. Shadforth, which caused it to be unanimously redemanded. Mr. Bruton's laughable comic songs, and Mr. Davis' very clever performances on the Violin, met with a very enthusiastic reception, and this latter gentleman's assistance in conjunction with that of Mr. Brown, did much to increase the efficiency of the concerted pieces, and accompaniments. The audience seemed determined to afford every possible encouragement to the performers, and evidently sympathised with the motives which had induced them to come forward upon the occasion. Nothing could have been more creditable than the whole performance, and, taking into consideration the very short period which had been allowed for preparation and rehearsal, the evening's entertainments may be pronounced most successful. We are authorised to state that the proceeds of the performance realised the sum of £23 7s 6d., which, deducting £8 3s, for the lighting, &c, &c., of the Theatre - for printing, - and other incidental and necessary expenses, will leave a balance of £15 4s. 6d. to be handed over to the funds of the Bathurst Hospital. We cannot conclude this notice without expressing our hope that the inauguration of an entertainment of so pleasing and rational a nature, and withal so successful, will have the effect of inducing other amateurs to aid in a second performance, which, with a longer notice of its date, and a more careful preparation of the concerted pieces, cannot fail to realise equally, if not far more auspicious results. The trial has been made, and the assertion that Bathurst contains no musical talent, has been practically contradicted, and we trust that the laudable example which was afforded on Wednesday evening will not be thrown away on those who have been gifted with the power and talents which enable them at the same time to minister to the gratification of their fellow citizens, and to the support of charitable and deserving institutions. Faustum sit [ ? ] felix.

AMATEUR CONCERT. The success which attended the Amateur Concert at the Victoria Theatre last Wednesday evening having suggested the idea that the repetition of such an entertainment would be beneficial to the funds now being raised to meet the Government grant towards the School of Arts here, and the subject having been mooted among the gentlemen who lent their aid on the occasion referred to, we believe we are authorised to state that a Concert will take place at the Victoria theatre on Thursday next, the proceeds arising from which will be applied in aid of the Building Fund of the School of Arts. Master Charles Catton will give his assistance as well as several other amateurs who did not appear on the last occasion; and we sincerely trust that the friends of the Institution will come forward and that a substantial sum will he realised. The Concert will be under the auspices of the President (Dr. Busby) and the Officers and Committee of the Institution, and already many influential families have promised their patronage, and we doubt not that the performance will go off with great eclat.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (21 November 1857), 3 

"MR. CATTON'S LECTURE ON MUSIC", Goulburn Herald (31 January 1863), 2 

"New Divorce Suits", Evening News (16 July 1874), 2 

Louisa Amelia Catton, aged 30 years, formerly Louisa Amelia Robinson (widow), formerly Louisa Amelia Lomax (spinster), of Hay, praying for a divorce from her husband, John Alfred Charles Catton, of Hay; music teacher, on the ground of adultery and cruelty.

"DIVORCE COURT", Evening News (23 March 1875), 3 


Italian-British composer, master of the band of the 77th Regiment

Born Milano, ?
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 September 1857
Departed NSW, April 1858
Died England, 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 77th Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pompeo Cavallini was brother of the Milanese clarinettist Ernesto Cavallini (1807-1874), a friend of Verdi in their student days, and himself a clarinettist. He was listed in orchestras in Milan as early as 1828, and for Foppa's Giulietta e Roméo at the Teatro Carcano in Summer 1829 as first clarinet in the ballet numbers (Primo Clarinetto pei Ballabili); he also played in Donizetti's Gianni da Calais (Carnival season, 1830-31). He was dedicatee of Ernesto's Three duos (1836).

He reportedly first became attached to a British regiment in Piedmont. Ernest's Six capriccios (Milan: John Ricordi, 1840) are duly:

Dedicated to M. Pompey Cavallini, master of the band the 18th regiment of his Britannic Majesty by his brother.

It is this brother, Ernesto, who appears in several English concert reports in the 1840s and 1850s.

Pompeo's music was first noticed in Australia in June 1851, long before he himself arrived, when Henry Marsh advertised his Annie Laurie march (London, 1851) for sale in Sydney.

Six years later, in 1857, his own arrival with his regimental band created great interest, not only because of the band's size and excellence, but also because they had recently been at the Crimea.

One of their first engagements was to play for the annual horticultural exhibition at the Sydney Botanical Gardens. The cover illustration on the printed edition of Cavallini's 77th galop shows the band of the 77th with a top-hatted gentleman perhaps playing a clarinet, that is probably Cavallini, who was presumably a civilian bandmaster.

During their six full months in Sydney, Cavallini frequently programmed works of his own, as well as taking on one local work, mayor George Thornton's The cornstalk polka, which had recently been introduced at the Mayoral Ball by Winterbottom's Band. Cavallini also made his first concert appearance as a clarinet soloist for Miska Hauser in December. The 77th left Australia for India in April 1858.

Fernando Silveira has recently proposed that Pompeo was the clarinettist Cavallini in Rio de Janeiro in 1859, at the Ginasio Dramatico Theatre on 11 July 1859, however this was also possibly a third brother; Vittorio Cavallini was a "teacher of music" in Hampshire in 1878, and he died in England in 1884.


"PATRIE. Musica Sacra", I teatri: giornale drammatico musicale e coreografico1/2 (Milano: Giulio Ferrario, 1828), 557

Giulietta e Roméo. Melodramma tragico in tre atti (Milano: Antonio Fontana, 1829), 8

"PLYMOUTH", Brighton Gazette [England] (16 May 1844), 1

Colonel Hallifax and the officers of the 75th Regiment gave a dejeuner to Colonel Shelton and the officers of the 44th Regiment, on Saturday last, to which the principal gentry resident in the town and neighbourhood were invited. The company assembled at one, and did not break up until after six o'clock. Several new pieces of music, arranged by Signor Cavallini, the Regimental Band Master, were much admired.

"GRAND NATIONAL CONCERTS", The Musical World  [England] 25/41 (12 October 1850), 653

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1851), 1

"FASHIONABLE INTELLIGENCE", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (29 May 1857), 3

. . . The bands of the 50th regiment, under the direction of Signor Gassner, and of the 77th, under Signor Cavalini, were stationed in the grounds, and performed alternately during the afternoon . . .


The weather was beautiful, the gardens were in perfect order, there was an unusual attraction in the presence of the fine band of the 77th Regiment, that had just arrived from England and the Crimea, and in consequence there was a very large and brilliant assemblage of visitors.

[Advertisement], Empire (5 October 1857), 1

"PRINCE OF WALES", The Empire (6 October 1857), 5

The Buckingham Family gave a concert at the Prince of Wales Theatre, last evening, under the patronage of the Colonel and officers of the 77th Regiment. By the permission of Colonel Stratton the band of the 77th rendered their assistance. They formed a principal attraction of the evening. They numbered 38 performers, and under the skilful direction of Signor Cavallini, their teacher, they performed a number of pieces in a style that completely carried away the large audience assembled on the occasion, by whom they were greeted with the utmost enthusiasm . . .

"THE BAND OF THE 77TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1858), 4

The departure of this very effective musical corps from amongst us will be much regretted: they have done us many a good service during their short sojourn thanks to . . . the assiduous and talented exertions of the conductor, M. Cavallini. They leave us for China at an early day, to cheer and inspirit their fellow heroes in a new campaign, and on a new field . . .

History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Hampshire (Sheffield: W. White, 1878), 96

Cavallini, Charles Pompeo, teacher of music, Victoria road.

Charles Santley, Student and singer: the reminiscences of Charles Santley (New York: Macmillan, 1892), 65

. . . I was a student, not a singer, and could not therefore remain in Milan, and must take my departure within twenty-four hours, unless I could find a citizen of standing who could certify I was a student. Well, I thought, now for certain it is all over with me. and was much annoyed to think that all my arrangements were to be upset by such a ridiculous quibble. I did not know a single soul in Milan; how was I to procure a certificate? The commissionaire asked me if I had not brought any letters of introduction. I told him I had one, but knew nothing of the person to whom it was addressed. I had left it in my bag at home, whither we bent our steps immediately my guide very hopeful, and I very crestfallen. I took out the letter, and was so enraged I literally chucked it at him. He opened it, and exclaimed, "The very thing! This is a letter to Eugenio [recte Ernesto] Cavallini, the conductor at the Scala, from his brother Pompeo," then a bandmaster at Plymouth. I forgot all about the police, and saw myself on the instant figuring in some important part on the stage of the august temple of Apollo. I need scarcely add that Austria, through the police official, took me to her bosom and accepted me as a dependent pro tem, on the spot.

Musical works (by Ernesto Cavallini dedicated to Pompeo)

Trois duos pour deux clarinettes composés par Ernest Cavallini, dédiés à son frère Pompés\ICCU\MUS\0149668

Six capriccios for the clarinet, composed and dedicated to M. Pompey Cavallini, master of the band the regiment of his Britannic Majesty by his brother Ernest . . . (Milan: John Ricordi, [1840])\ICCU\MUS\0091653

Musical works (Pompeo):

Divertimento per clarinetto con accompagnamento di piano-forte sopra un tema di Bellini [da] Pompeo Cavallini (Milano: B. Carulli, 1830)\ICCU\MUS\0255545

Sei esercizj per clarinetto composti da Pompeo Cavallini, dedicati al suo fratello Ernesto (Milano: presso Franco Lucca, [circa 1830])\ICCU\MUS\0119842

The 77th galop, composed by P. Cavallini & most respectfully dedicated to Colonel Straton, C.B., and the officers of H.M. 77th Regiment (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1858])

[Henri Laurent] The Maude waltzes as played by the band of the 77th Regiment, arranged by Signor Cavallini (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1858])

[Henry Farmer] The first love waltzes as played by the band of the 77th Regiment, arranged for the pianoforte by Signor Cavallini (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1858])


CAVENDISH, William Joseph (William Joseph CASTELL; William Joseph CAVENDISH DE CASTELL)

CAVENDISH, Mary (alias of Mrs. Mary CECIL)

Go to main page: 

CAWS, William St. John (W. St. John M. CAWS)

Professor of Music, composer, writer on music, author

Born Isle of Wight, 30 November 1840; c. 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1864 (per Avalanche)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 September 1909, "aged 70/71" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A close associate of Charles Edward Horsley, a committee member of several musical associations, and a prominent music teacher, Caws took a benefit in April 1869, on which occasion Anna Bishop assisted. In a report on the monthly meeting of the Victorian Musical Association in June 1869, the Argus noted that:

. . . a vote of thanks was adopted to Mr. Charles Edward Horsley for his able and generous defence of the musical 'savages' of this colony, in the Musical World . . ..

. . . Mr. Caws intimated that at the next meeting he would read a paper upon the progress of musical art in this colony, together with the criticisms upon [Tolhurst's] "Ruth" in the London musical journals.

In February 1884, a meeting of the Musical Association of Victoria was:

notified that Mr. St. John Caws, of Geelong, had presented the society with two volumes of manuscript studies of the late C. E. Horsley.


Originals in the Musical Monthly (May-August 1906), and reprinted:

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER I", Camperdown Chronicle (31 July 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER II", Camperdown Chronicle (7 August 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER III. Continued", Camperdown Chronicle (14 August 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER IV.", Camperdown Chronicle (21 August 1906), 6s

A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. Continued", Camperdown Chronicle (2 October 1906), 6s


"MR. HORLSEY'S MUSIC FESTIVAL", The Argus (16 March 1867), 6

[News], The Argus (27 September 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (6 February 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (7 April 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (29 May 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (4 June 1869), 5

[News], The Argus (15 May 1876), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (27 September 1876), 10

"MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (19 February 1884), 7

. . . During the evening the president (Mr. Siede) notified that Mr. St John Caws, of Geelong, had presented the society with two volumes of manuscript studies of the late C. E. Horsley. A vote of thanks was unanimously passed to Mr. Caws tor his gift . . .

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (30 September 1909), 5

Mr. St. John Caws, who was well known in musical circles, has died in the Melbourne Hospital, as a result of a stroke of paralysis with which he was seized a few days ago. The deceased gentleman, who was a native of the Isle of Wight, had been in Melbourne since 1864, and was the first secretary of the Musical Society of Victoria, of which he was one of the founders. As music master in the Church of England Grammar School, he had many pupils under his charge who became well known in the musical world. His compositions include "The Night Watch March" and the waltz "Ada", which was played for the first time by the Grenadier Guards in 1886, at St. James's Barracks, in the presence of the present King, who asked for its repetition in the evening at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition. Mr. Caws was of a very generous disposition, and had a host of personal friends in Melbourne. Up to his last illness he was continuously about the city. He was a Grand Lodge officer in the Masonic body."

Musical works: 


Processional march (for organ; MS) (performed St. Francis's Church, Melbourne, May 1876)

The night watch march (Melbourne: Furlong, Dixon, and Co., [1876]) 

La Françoise (mazurka de salon) (Melbourne: W. J. Dixon & Co., [between 1877 and 1885?]) 

The St. Clair polka (Melbourne: Sydney: R. J. Paling & Co., 1871) [performed as early as 1869] 

CAWSE, Mr. J. B.

Concertina and flutina player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], Empire (14 March 1853), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL. PENNSYLVANIAN MINSTRELS. MESSRS. UPSON and HOWSON beg most respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that it is their intention to give a series of Negro Entertainments, which have been carefully selected, and will consist of the most favourite Nogro Melodies, - and they have the honour to announce that they will appear on TUESDAY Evening, March 16th, at the Royal Hotel. First appearance in Sydney of Mr. J. B. CAWSE, the unrivalled Concertina and German Flutina player from the Royal Gardens, Vauxhall, Cremorne, and Rosherville; also of Mr. C. H. BRYGHT, the inimitable Tambourine player. See Small Bills.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (2 April 1853), 1 

FESTIVAL OF ST. BENEDICT. ON Tuesday night a GRAND CONCERT, will be given in ST. BENEDICT'S SCHOOL-ROOM. The Serenaders have been engaged for the occasion, comprising several new and inimitable performers, who will furnish the most exquisite gems of Ethiopian Melody. Mr. J. B. Cause, the celebrated performer upon Flutina, who distinguished himself at several concerts in the Mother Country, has been also engaged . . .


Violinist, conductor, composer, music retailer, memorialist

Born Adelaide, SA, 30 June 1854
Died Kings Park, Adelaide, 26 June 1925, in his 70th year (NLA persistent identifier)


CAWTHORNE, Gus (Augustus Eckersley CAWTHORNE)

Music retailer

Born SA, 1887
Died SA, 15 July 1937, in his 51st year


"MR. CAWTHORNE'S REMINISCENCES", The Register (8 June 1912), 7


"CAWTHORNE'S MUSIC WAREHOUSE", The Advertiser (12 July 1933), 17

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (27 June 1925), 12

"DEATH OF MR. CHARLES CAWTHORNE", The Advertiser (27 June 1925), 14

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF MR. GUS CAWTHORNE", The Advertiser (16 July 1937), 18 

Musical works:

A.Y.M.S. waltz (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) ([Adelaide,: Adelaide Young Men's Society, 1882]) 

Olivia waltz (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [188-]) 

Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition polka (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [1887]) 

Dorothea waltz (by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [188-]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne Edgar and Joyce Gibberd, "Cawthorne, Charles Wittowitto (1854-1925)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979)

CECCHI, Pietro

Tenor vocalist, teacher of singing

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 December 1871 (per Nevada, from California)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 4 March 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Pietro Cecchi c.1880



"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

"MADAME STATES' FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1871), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 March 1897), 1

"DEATH OF SIGNOR CECCHI", The Australasian (6 March 1897), 35

A well-known figure in the musical and and artistic society of Melbourne was removed on Thursday, March 4, by the death of Signor Cecchi. A sufferer from heart disease, he had been summoned to give evidence at the court in a case in which Madame Vollugi proceeded against Signor Corte, the Italian consul, for £60 alleged to be due on a piano, and in which she recovered £47/10/. Signor Cecchi, unused as he was to court procedure, worried greatly over his appearance as a witness, and was greatly excited all day. He had lived at Madame Vollugi's residence in Drummond-street for over twenty one years, and he returned home from the Court shortly before 6 o'clock. He talked cheerfully enough during the meal, but having finished he gave a short gasp, and fell back in his chair. Medical assistance was at once summoned, but on the arrival of the doctor Signor Cecchi was dead, the cause of his decease being heart disease. Twenty-one years ago he came to Australia with Madame States's company, under the direction of Biscaccianti. The conductor of the company was the famous Giorza, Susini was the basso, Alandini the baritone, and Cecchi the tenor. He founded a school of singing in partnership with Signor Vollugi. Through this school many famous Melbourne singers have passed, including Madame Melba.

Bibiography and resources:

Gyger 1990, 34, 35, 61

Gyger 1999, 172, 173, 176, 177


Toured with Agatha States and Paolo Giorza, a teacher of Nellie Melba


English composer, conductor

Born 1 December 1844
Arrived (1) Melbourne, 8 February 1886 (per John Elder); departed March 1887
Arrived (2) Sydney, January 1888; departed Melbourne, June 1888
Died 28 December 1891 (NLA persistent identifier) (WorldCat identities)



Cellier came to Australia in 1886 to conduct Gilbert and Sullivan operas for Williamson, Garner and Musgrove. Unfortunately, the claim (1897) that "as a matter of fact a considerable portion of Cellier's opera Dorothy was written whilst the composer was His Excellency's [governor Sir William Robinson's] guest in this city [Adelaide]" would seem not to be correct. Dorothy was already in rehearsal in London when Cellier was in Adelaide in mid 1886, and Cellier himself returned to London on the Potosiin March 1887. He returned to Sydney, via San Francisco, on the Alameda in January 1888, and conducted Dorothy in Melbourne before the end of the month. He sailed again finally for England in June.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 February 1886), 4

"MIKADO AT THE THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (3 March 1886), 42

"THE THEATRE ROYAL, IOLANTHE", The Argus (3 May 1886), 4

"THE OPERA SEASON", The South Australian Advertiser (30 June 1886), 7

"MUSIC IN ENGLAND AND THE COLONIES. AN INTERVIEW WITH MR. CELLIER", The South Australian Advertiser (17 August 1886), 5

[News], The Argus (5 March 1887), 11

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1888), 6

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE. REVIVAL OF DOROTHY", The Argus (30 January 1888), 8

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 June 1888), 7

"DEATH OF MR. ALFRED CELLIER", The Argus (30 December 1891), 5

"THE LATE SIR WILLIAM ROBINSON. A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH", South Australian Register (4 May 1897), 5

Musical works (in J. C. Williamson collection of performance materials in National Library of Australia)

The sultan of Mocha (comic opera in 3 acts); in J. C. Williamson collection of performance materials 

Dorothy (a comedy opera; piano score; words: B. C. Stephenson) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Alfred Cellier", Wikipedia

CHABRILLAN, Lionel de (le comte de CHABRILLAN)

French consul, occasional composer

Born 1818
Active Melbourne, VIC, mid 1850s
Died 1858


"THE FRENCH BALL (From the Argus, 19th August)", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1855), 8 

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (10 January 1859), 3 

. . . he possessed no mean ability as a composer, and has left several published compositions behind him . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Patricia Clancy and Jeanne Allen, The French consul's wife: memoirs of Celeste de Chabrillan in goldrush Australia (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1998, 2003), 43

Skinner 2011, 307

The French consul and occasional composer, le comte Lionel de Chabrillan (France 1818-1858) {1852-58} called on the band of the Melbourne Volunteers to help with the entertainment at the French Ball in 1855. Local records of Chabrillan's compositions are scarce, though according to his wife, he played "some polkas" of his own composition at a soiree on board the Croesus on the voyage out to Australia in 1852.

CHALKER, Charles William (Charles William CHALKER)

Vocalist, convict, sexton

Sentenced Norwich quarter sessions, 5 May 1821 (7 years)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1822 (convict per Guildford, from England, 4 April)
Active Richmond and Windsor, NSW, 1826


"Police Reports . . . WINDSOR, T[H]URSDAY, NOV. 21", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1826), 3 

Charles William Chalker was the Government servant of a man at Richmond, but whose master did not required his services in his blacksmith's shop, and had, it is presumed, taken upon himself to recommend the prisoner as a man of good character, although he had himself received the said man from the gaol gang, under a flattering impression, the prisoner had been appointed sexton at Richmond Church, and the master had taken upon himself leave to transfer the services of the Government servant, nor was the blacksmith known to have been appointed sexton, until he was detected in the midst of carousal in the place of Divine Worship, in company with other Government servants to which spot the constables had been led by the riotous and disorderly conduct of the prisoner. "Poll of Plymouth Dock," is not a very appropriate song to be vocally performed under the same roof with the 149th Psalm. Now lodged in the watch-house, and the singing at an end, a disquisition took place as to the legality of an innocent song, and the probable effect it would have in bar of a ticket of leave. Before their Worships, "I never did no harm" - plea of two negatives was credible. Ordered to be sent to Sydney, into the immediate service of Government.

MUSIC: Sweet Poll of Plymouth (song, in the farce of The positive man); see early American edition with music

CHALKER, Marie (Maria Louisa CHALKER; Marie CHALKER)

Soprano vocalist, pianist

Born c.1831/33 (daughter of William Charles CHALKER, of Weymouth, Dorset)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 August 1853 (per Gipsy, from Southampton, 15 May)
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1875
Died Jolimont, Melbourne, VIC, 9 October 1918, aged 85/87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Adelaide based from her arrival in 1853, Marie Chalker first toured to Melbourne with Miska Hauser early in 1855. During the 1860s she appeared in all colonial capitals except Perth, with such co-artists as Camille Del Sarte, the Lancashire Bellringers, Walter Sherwin, and the Carandinis. In 1865, fellow Adelaidan, Henry Pounsett, director of the Choral Union, dedicated his Wedding hymn to her "as a tribute of respect for colonial talent and to the ladies of South Australia".


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (19 July 1853), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (16 August 1853), 2

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 March 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 June 1854), 4

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (31 March 1855), 3

"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT THIS EVENING", South Australian Register (5 February 1857), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (11 February 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1857), 8

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (23 May 1865), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 April 1875), 8


Bandsman, band of the 58th Regiment

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR. PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1844), 4 

James Fullard, a ticket of leave holder, was brought before the Police Court yesterday on the following charges - It appeared that about three weeks back, John Challon, one of the band of the 58th, gave the prisoner a watch to repair, but after waiting for some time found that there was very little chance of his ever getting it again . . .


CHAMBERS, Joseph (senior)

Professor of dancing

Born c.1813
Died Sydney, 30 April 1875, aged 62, "for very many years connected with the stage of Australia"


Dancer, ballet master, teacher

CHAMBERS, Joseph (junior; Joe CHAMBERS)

Premier danseur, professor of dancing

Born 1836/37
Died Sydney, 21 July 1874, aged 37

CHAMBERS, Sidney Samuel (Sydney)


Died Newcastle, NSW, 8 April 1871, aged 29


"THE DRAMA", The Australian (24 February 1842), 2

. . . We have also a valuable accession here in a Mr. Chambers as a dancer. This gentleman is evidently labouring under the effects or his sea voyage, and therefore has not yet exhibited the extent of his capabilities . . .

"The Olympic", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 March 1842), 3

. . . Mr. Chambers is a much better dancer than speaker. He looks the character, well, however, and when he learns not to aspirate his vowels, to make less use, or a better use of his arms, and to speak without a constant attempt to speak finely, he will be very much improved. His second appearance in the character was decidedly better than his first, and if he be willing to learn, there can be no doubt of his ability. Our intention in making these remarks is not to damp his energies, but to increase them. No one who has seen his dancing could say any thing harsh of Mr. Chambers . . .

"MR. DULY'S BENEFIT", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 November 1846), 871

"THEATRICAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 February 1847), 156

"THE THEATRE", The Argus (11 May 1849), 2

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (14 June 1858), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The South Australian Advertiser (6 October 1858), 2

. . . Mr. J. Chambers's imitation of Lola Montez celebrated "Spider Dance", was a very clever performance, but it would be injustice to the lady who introduced the dance into the Australian colonies, not to state that many attitudes not of the most graceful or delicate character were imported into the imitation, of which, the original was free.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 April 1859), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA- DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1861), 2

[News], The Star (9 September 1862), 2

This evening the performances at the Theatre Royal will be in favor of Mr Joseph Chambers, a painstaking young actor, and the able director of the ballet so far as it finds a place on our stage. Much of the success which attended the Easter pantomime was due to Mr Chambers' exertions and talents, and we believe his services are to be retained in the production of the Christmas pantomime. For his benefit this evening are to be performed Shakspere's comedy "As you like it", and a new ballet conducted by himself, under the title of "True Blue". We trust to see Mr. Chambers honored with a large attendance.

"DEATH OF MR. SYDNEY CHAMBERS", Empire (10 April 1871), 2

"LATE CASE OF DROWNING AT NEWCASTLE", Empire (14 April 1871), 4

[News], Empire (23 July 1874), 3

Poor Joe Chambers is dead. This simple announcement will be read by very many persons with sincere regret, especially by the members of the profession in which the deceased was for many years an ornament. As a balletmaster Mr. Chambers is well known in this colony, and for many years held his own against his numerous rivals in ballet teaching and dancing. Latterly, however, Mr. Chambers has led a life of much suffering, and was forced to relinquish his profession, for which he had an ardent and genuine affection, and finally succumbed to that most trying and insidious disease - consumption - at the early age of 38 years. Although his later life was hard to bear, owing to his extreme suffering, the end of poor Joe Chambers was one of peace, and was welcomed by him and his intimate friends as a happy release. May it prove to be truly so!

"DEATHS", Australian Town and Country Journal (25 July 1874), 35

"CLONTARF", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1875), 8

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1875), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1875), 1

CHAMBERS. - April 21, at Sydney, Janet, wife of Joseph Chambers, and beloved mother of Miss Amy Chambers, Sydney, and Mrs. Mina Lyon, of Beechworth, Victoria, aged 63 years.

CHAMBERS. - April 30, at Sydney, Joseph Chambers, the dearly beloved father of Miss Amy Chambers, aged 62 years, for very many years connected with the stage of Australia.

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 January 1881), 12

. . . Miss Amy Chambers, the leader of the ballet, is without doubt one of the most popular danseuses the city has ever soon, and was well supported by the graceful young ladies she has trained. Her dancing is to many the chief charm, where all is charming.

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4


Contralto vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Sydney, NSW, c.1840
Died Melbourne, VIC, 8 June 1894




[News], The Argus (16 April 1864), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (17 January 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (17 January 1870), 4

"MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", The Argus (25 November 1884), 7


"DEATHS", The Argus (9 June 1894), 1

"DEATH OF MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", The Argus (9 June 1894), 8

. . . Madame Chambers was born in Sydney, where her father was a solicitor, and a partner of the celebrated William Charles Wentworth. At an early age she proved herself the possessor of a very fine contralto voice, and Catherine Hayes offered to take her to Europe and superintend her training. The proposal was not accepted, but a few years later Madame Chambers proceeded to England, where, under Manuel Garcia (the teacher of Madame Marchesi), she began her artistic education, ln pursuit of her studies she passed under the tuition successively of Pietro Romani (teacher of Grisi, Mario, Pasta, Ungher, and the old Australian favourite Lucy Escott), Cavalier Francisco Lamperti, Lauro Rossi, and Vannucini. During this time she appeared as principal contralto in almost all the leading lyric theatres in Italy, and was the first and only Australian who had sung at La Scala, Milan, until Madame Melba's recent appearance at that theatre. She also sang at Berlin, Hamburg, Spain, Portugal, and Brussels, and returned to Australia under the auspices of the late Mr. W. S. Lyster in 1870. At the termination of her engagement she took up her residence in Melbourne as a teacher of singing, and achieved considerable success in her profession. Most of the leading Australian vocalists were trained by her, including Miss Alice Rees, Miss Amy Sherwin, and the Misses Colbourne-Baber, Edith Moore, Fannie Liddiard, Ida Osborne, Violet Varley, Cicely Staunton, and Florence Young. Her last public appearance was in the Town-hall, Melbourne, on October 18 last year, when her many friends assembled in large numbers at a complimentary benefit concert organised on her behalf. The deceased lady will be long remembered, not only by her pupils, who must number many hundreds, but by a very large circle of friends both in the musical profession and in private life.


Pupil of Maria Logan

CHANSON, George (George CHANSON)

See George LOYAU

CHANTER, Arthur (Arturo CANTORE)

Pianist, composer

Born c.1866
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1880
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 November 1950, aged 84 (NLA persistent identifier)

CHAPMAN, Abraham Western

Music engraver, printer, postage stamp engraver and printer

Born Westernport settlement, NSW (VIC), 17 July 1827
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 31 March 1892, in his 65th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (10 May 1855), 6 

A. W. CHAPMAN AND CO., Music Punchers, Engravers, and Copperplate Printers, No. 1, Charlotte-place. Work done for the trade with punctuality, despatch, and moderate terms.

"DEATHS", The Australian Star (1 April 1892), 1 

CHAPMAN. - March 31, 1892, at his residence, 362 Bourke-street, Surry Hills, Abraham Western Chapman, in his 65th year; 35 years foreman of the Postage Stamp Branch, Government Printing Office. First white child born Western Port, Victoria. Requiescat in pace.

Musical prints:

In happy moments (Sydney: F. Ellard), "Sc. Chapman" (DIGITISED)

Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856 (Sydney: F. Mader): "Engd. A. W. Chapman" 

Boulanger, Nocturne de concert (Sydney: J. R. Clarke), from same plates as above: "Engd. A. W. Chapman" (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 144 (DIGITISED)

"Abraham Western CHAPMAN", Voices from the past 

CHAPMAN, George (senior)

Bandmaster, cornet-a-piston player, musical instrument maker, music seller

Born c. 1826
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852
Active Melbourne, VIC,53
Died Elsternwick, VIC, 6 April 1895, "in his 70th year" (TROVE tagged) (TROVE tagged)


"Chapman's Celebrated Quadrille Band" was billed to appear for Charles Wilkie as early as January 1853. "Mr. G. Chapman" is documented as director and cornet-a-piston player at the Melbourne Philharmonic Society's Second Grand Concert in April 1853. "G. Chapman's Celebrated Band" was active in January 1854, advertising from Chapman's Music Warehouse in February, and at the Tradesmen's Ball in October 1854, when it was noted that:

Chapman's band was in attendance and performed various new pieces of dance music with much taste.

In Launceston, Tasmania, in February 1871:

Mr. George Chapman, musical instrument maker, of Swanston-street, and the Royal Arcade, Melbourne, arrived here [Launceston] yesterday with his brass and string band . . ..

In February 1895:

Certificates of discharge . . . were granted in the Insolvency Court yesterday . . . to the following insolvents; George Chapman, sen., of Melbourne, music-seller . . .

Chapman died only 2 months later. He was remembered by Alfred Montague in his 1925 recollections of the 1850s as:

an excellent cornet player, afterwards much better known as the founder of the music ware house, in Swanston street.


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1853), 8 

SECOND NIGHT OF CASINO DE VENISE. ROYAL HOTEL, Monday, January 24th. Chapman's Celebrated Quadrille Band. Admission 2s. 6d. Dancing to commence at Nine o'clock. Proprietor, CHARLES WILKIE.

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (31 March 1853), 9

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 April 1853), 8 

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY, PROTESTANT HALL. THIS Society has been formed for the purpose of presenting to the public a series of Concerts at which no expense shall be spared to secure the services of the first musical talent in the Colony, and to perform the compositions of the most eminent composers. The Committee also beg to state that their first Concert takes place on Monday Evening, the 25th instant, at the Protestant Hall, on which occasion they hope to receive a liberal patronage. For particulars see future advertisements. Leader of the Band, Mr. Fischer. Musical Director, Mr. George Chapman.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 February 1854), 3

"THE TRADESMEN'S BALL", The Argus (4 October 1854), 5

"POLICE", The Argus (15 December 1856), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 April 1858), 4

"BIRTHS", The Argus (15 February 1859), 4



"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (8 November 1864), 2

"L'Arpeggio Polka," is the title of a new piece of dance music, composed for the pianoforte by Mr George Chapman, of Melbourne, and on sale by the various music-sellers The polka is simple, has a pleasing melody, and as the subject is treated harp-fashion, it has the charm of novelty.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (5 October 1868), 4

"MR. CHAPMAN'S BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 February 1871), 2

"VICTORIA", Morning Bulletin (16 January 1882), 2

Eliza Burke, who recently caused a sensation in Swanston-street by attempting to shoot George Chapman, an assistant in a music warehouse, has been discharged, as Chapman has left the colony for New Zealand.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (28 August 1894), 5

[News], The Argus (16 February 1895), 6

"Music and Musicians", Table Talk (12 April 1895), 6 

THIS week's obituary includes Mr. George Chapman, the respected music seller. It is forty years since he started business in Melbourne. He married the widow of George Marshall, the eminent predecessor of Blackham, as a cricketer, behind the sticks, with his "How's that umpire?" Marshall was the first to establish an important cricketing depot in Melbourne. On a reduced scale the widow continued it for a number of years, next to Chapman's music shop.

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 April 1895), 1 

CHAPMAN. - On the 6th inst., at his residence, Suffolk-cottage, Cole-street, Elsternwick, George Chapman, music-seller. Passed away in his 70th year after a painful illness; deeply regretted by his widow and family. A pioneer musician, he arrived in Melbourne in 1852. Interred in the Melbourne General Cemetery, April 7, 1895.


There also appeared Mr. George Chapman, an excellent cornet player, afterwards much better known as the founder of the music ware house, in Swanston street, later conducted by Wright and Rowden, and later still by the father of the present Collin Brothers, himself a great French pianist. Mr Chapman did not often play in public, but we find his name m conjunction with those of Messrs Weston (violin), Hartigan (ophicleide), and Winterbottom (bassoon) in a concert given at the Olympic Circus on February 5, 1853. He was not well adapted to the conduct of the music business, for he was very impatient with customers who gave him any trouble, some times saying sarcastic things, which were not always appreciated. One customer inquired if she might speak to Mr. Smith, whom she had been accustomed to see there. "He is not with us now," said Chapman. "Will you please let me know where I can find him?", was the next inquiry. "Well," said Chapman, "shortly after leaving me he was taken to the cemetery, but where he is now I would not like to say except that he always liked warm weather." Eventually, having sold his business to Messrs Wright and Rowden, he turned his attention elsewhere.


Teacher of psalmody, builder, architect

Born c. 1794
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1832
Died Hobart, TAS, 4 June 1855, in his 62nd year


"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION", The Hobart Town Courier (29 June 1832), 4

We would not be faithfully discharging our duty, if we omitted to notice the superior singing displayed by the children of this school, both on Sunday at divine services and also on Monday evening before the general meeting. We learned that the public derived this pleasure through the indefatigable exertions of Mr. Henry Chapman, whose ability in sacred singing, is so well known. He convened and attended the children on the week evenings, several weeks previous to the anniversary, and a special vote of thanks was unanimously given him at the meeting, for his said services. Above 800 children have been under tuition in this institution.

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL MEETING", The Hobart Town Courier (31 March 1837), 2

The singing of the children (taught, we believe, by a Mr. Chapman) was exceedingly creditable to both master and pupils. We wish we could hear and see something of the kind attempted at St. David's Church, where the congregation, instead of joining with, and participating in the psalmody, as a part of their devotions, seem rather to endure it as an interruption, to be employed in staring at the organ, or at each other.

"WESLEYAN CENTENARY CHAPEL", The Courier (27 November 1840), 3

"DIED", Colonial Times (6 June 1855), 2


Violoncellist, double bass player, professor of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1853
Died Richmond, Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHAPMAN, Samuel L. (? related to the above)


Active Prahran, VIC, 1880s


Chapman "violoncello . . . from Jullian's Band and the Royal Italian Opera" [sic] made his "first appearance" in Melbourne at John Winterbottom's Grand Musical Festival in January 1854. He was an early member of the band of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and a regular chamber music player. He played cello in a Mozart quartet with Miska Hauser, Strebinger, and King in June 1858; and with Edward Boulanger (piano) and King (violin) an early performance of Beethoven's C minor Piano Trio in Melbourne in January 1859.


[Advertisement], Berkshire Chronicle [England] (13 March 1852), 4

MR. T PAYNE ASHLEY begs to announce that he has engaged the Principal Solo Performers of MONS. JULLIEN'S BAND, to give a GRAND CONCERT, Vocal and Instrumental, at the Mansion House, Newbury, on Tuesday Evening next, March 16th, 1852, to commence at Eight o'clock. PRINCIPAL, Viotti Collins, Violin; J. Winterbottom, Bassoon; A. C. Rowland, Double Bass; F. Collins, Flute; E. Stanton Jones, Cornet a Piston; T. Winterbottom, Clarionet; S. Chapman, Viola d'Amour; G. Collins, Violoncello; M. Rice, of Her Majesty's Theatre, Alto . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Argus (4 June 1858), 4


"Deaths", The Argus (11 August 1881), 1

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (11 August 1881), 3 

The death which took place yesterday of Mr. Samuel Chapman, the well known musician, will be heard of with deep regret by his many friends, more especially those of the musical profession. Mr. Chapman's skill as a double bass and violoncello player has been often enough recognised, and well appreciated by both public and press during his long residence in the colony. Mr. Chapman arrived in Australia nearly thirty years ago. He was one of the members of the celebrated Julien [Jullien] orchestra in England, and has been associated with the Opera House band in this city since the opening of that theatre. The funeral of the deceased is to start from his residence in Lennox- street, Richmond, at two o'clock to-morrow.

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Australasian (11 August 1883), 21 

Charles J. Lee, late music-seller, of Prahran, who is now under sentence for larceny as a bailee, was examined on the 9th inst at the Insolvent Court, before his Honour Judge Noel. The principal creditor in the estate is Samuel L. Chapman, who sold his business for £898 to insolvent, who got into arrears with the monthly payments of the purchase-money . . .


. . . Thanks, however, chiefly to my friend Mr. "Sam" Chapman, who was himself a 'cello player, but was then playing contra bass, I was soon elevated to the first desk . . . My two first friends in the orchestra of the Philharmonic were Mr. Daniel ("Daddy") Hardman and Mr. "Sam" Chapman, 'cello and double bass players respectively . . . Mr. "Sam" Chapman came to us from London, and was a member of the celebrated Julien band, one of the most efficient orchestras in Europe. He also played both 'cello and double bass, and was a fine solo player on the 'cello. On the double bass he had no rival, keeping the premier position till the close of his life. Chapman frequently spoke of the band he had belonged to, and told many anecdotes of the conductor. Julien's name was continually before the public in my early youth, and I had a great dislike of him because he turned my favourite operas and even symphonies into quadrille and other dance music. Opinion was much divided whether he was a great mountebank or a great musician. Chapman, however, was all in his favour, speaking of his enormous orchestras of 80 to 100 players, and the artists from all over the world who played with him. He objected, however, to Julien's extraordinary mode of dressing, and to his affectation of wearing new gloves when conducting any of Beethoven's works. At all events, it seems certain that there were never such concerts before or after as those of Julien's time . . .

CHAPMAN, William (senior)

Violinist, orchestral and band leader, cornet-a-piston player, viola player

Born Sevenoaks, Kent, England, 29 April 1820
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 26 December 1849 (per Asiatic)
Died Adelaide, SA, 1 January 1897, aged 76, in his 77th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHAPMAN, William (junior)


Born Sevenoaks, Kent, England
Died North Kensington, SA, 8 August 1930, aged 86


A Mr. Chapman was reportedly to make his debut on the cornet-a-piston at Adelaide's new Dramatic Hall in February 1850, the first of several documented appearances that year. By the following year, the Adelaide's main cornet player appears to have been a Mr. McCullagh, and Chapman reverted to playing violin.


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 April 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1850), 2

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (24 September 1852), 3

"APPOINTMENTS", South Australian Register (9 June 1854), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", South Australian Register (23 August 1856), 4

. . . the concert was conducted by Herr Linger, and Mr. Chapman was the leader.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (22 April 1858), 2

Chapman's band formed the orchestra . . .

"HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (18 April 1859), 5

"MR. WHITE'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (18 May 1859), 2

"THE GROCERS' ASSOCIATION DINNER", The South Australian Advertiser (18 December 1863), 3

Chapman's band was in attendance, and its enlivening strains added a great deal to the enjoyment of the evening.

"THE LATE MR. WILLIAM CHAPMAN", The Advertiser (2 January 1897), 7

The death is announced at the age of 77 years of Mr. William Chapman, who was well-known in the city as "the father of the post-men." . . . Mr. Chapman was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, England, on August 20, 1820, and was educated at the local school. He was afterwards apprenticed to the tailoring trade at Sevenoaks, and worked at the trade for some years in England, and also in South Australia with the late Messrs. G. Barclay and G. White. He arrived in the colony by the ship Asiatic on December 26, 1849, and had resided in Adelaide ever since, with the exception of two visits to the Victorian diggings in 1852 and 1853, though with little success. He entered the Government service as a letter-carrier on June 1, 1854, and held that position up till May 31, 1893, when he was compelled to resign owing to failing health, having completed 39 years in the Post-Office. Mr. Chapman was very fond of music and received his first lessons on the violin when only seven years old. He played with the celebrated Jullien's band in London in the early forties. For many years he was conductor of one of the first bands in Adelaide, being connected with the late Herr Carl Linger as leader of the choral society, which first produced the now well-known Song of Australia. He was in possession of a certificate from the Handel Commemoration Festival, given for services rendered at the first production of the Messiah and Alexander's Feast, in this colony. The certificate is signed by Mr. E. W. B. Glandfield, chairman, Herr Carl Linger, conductor, Mr. J. W. Daniel, choral master, and Mr. William Chapman, leader. There was not a ball or dance of any consequence for which he did not supply the music, being famed for accenting and timekeeping, and he was also a member of the Philharmonic Society which was instrumental in getting the beautiful organ now in the Town Hall. Chapman's Band was likewise well known at the flower shows and concerts, Victoria Theatre and operas. He could also play the cornet and viola when required to make up a part if short of a man. He was a life member of the Adelaide Liedertafel. Mr. Chapman was a Freemason, having been a member of the Lodge of Harmony No. 3 . . .

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (4 January 1897), 4

"THIRTY YEARS IN STAGELAND, RECOLLECTIONS OF AN AMATEUR", South Australian Register (21 July 1900), 10

"Walked Six Times Around The Earth", The Register News-Pictorial (9 August 1930), 2


See under Kellermann family

CHARD, Daisy (Mrs. Rebecca ROWE)

Vocalist, actor

Born 1873/4
Died Adelaide, SA, 18 September 1927, aged 53


"LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1898), 4

"DEATHS", The Register (19 September 1927), 8

"DAISY CHARD DEAD. FORMER VAUDEVILLE FAVOURITE", The Daily News (29 September 1927), 5

Through the death of Mrs. Rebecca Rowe, Victoria has lost a former stage favorite. From the age of three years until about 20 years ago Mrs. Rowe, as Miss Daisy Chard, followed the footlights in vaudeville and pantomime. She was 53 years of age, and was the wife of Mr. L. E. Rowe (proprietor of Empire Picture Theatre). She was buried on Monday at the Jewish Cemetery, West terrace. Mrs. Rowe was a daughter of Mrs. R. Cohen, of Toorak. When three years of age "Fascinating Daisy," as she was called, began a stage career with the first troupe of minstrels to visit Australia. The number that gained her fame was "The Whistling Coon," which was taught her by Larry Foley. Miss Chard kept a book of newspaper cuttings, which gave her movements from 1893. She was described in Western Australia as the most versatile vaudeville artist ever seen in that State. When four years old she appeared with Hosea Easton at the Princess Theatre, Melbourne. At one time, when engaged in pantomime at the Theatre Royal in the Victorian capital she knew Mr. John Fuller as a call boy. She played in Gilbert and Sullivan operas, and worked with John Sheridan, Bland Holt, Harry Rickards, Williamson and Musgrove, John Gourlay, Frank Clark, Charlie Cogill, Miss Ada Reeve and Rosa Towers . . .



Active Parramatta, NSW, 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1855), 1 

PARRAMAMATTA. - PROGRAMME of Mrs. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, which by the kind permission of the Rev. the Head Master, will be given in the Dining-hall of the King's School,
on MONDAY EVENING, July 23rd, 1855.
PART I . . . Romance - "Childhood's Days " (Joseph) - Mehul. Master Charlton (his first appearance) . . .
PART II . . . Song - "The merry Sunshine" - S. Glover. Master Charlton . . .

CHARRIERE, J. (? Joseph; Jacques)

Professor of dancing, dancer, actor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1841 (per Salazes, from Bourbon, Mauritius, 27 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 January 1843 (per City of Aberdeen, for New Zealand) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dancing teacher, actor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1841 (per Salazes, from Bourbon, Mauritius, 27 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 January 1843 (per City of Aberdeen, for New Zealand) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A French refugee, Mons. Le Charriere, opened a dancing academy at Southernhay, Exeter, in the late 1780s. Lewis Charriere, jun. was likewise active as a dancing master at Oxford, England, by 1798. He married Ann Turner at St. Mary the Virgin, Oxford, on 12 April 1801, and his name appeared intermittently in the press until the end of 1813, when his 11-year-old son Lewis reportedly died. He was again advertising subscription balls at Oxford in November 1834, and a Mrs. Charriere, noticed as "formerly of this city" [Oxford], died in 1838, aged 54. What relation they were, if any, to Charriere here, is unknown.

The Mons. and Madame Charriere who arrived in Batavia with the Minards and the Gautrots in October 1836 are, however, likely to be our couple.

They (and their child) finally arrived in Sydney from Mauritius on 9 July 1841 with some of Luigi Dalle Case's company, and first presented their credentials in a press advertisement on 16 July. Under the heading "DANCING Taught in Twenty Lessons", Monsieur Charriere announced that he would "forthwith . . . open an ACADEMY" to receive pupils wanting to learn dancing in the "first Parisian Style". Madame Charriere offered to attend schools "where Young Ladies are taught Dancing" and the homes of "Ladies who al ready are perfect in the Dances hitherto in vogue" in order to "within a very short period teach the whole of the ELEGANT PARISIAN DANCES recently introduced". She stressed that she "does not intend Dancing in public" but would "devote her energies solely to Private Tuition", possibly because she was pregnant.

Mons. Charriere, meanwhile, made his local debut at the Royal Victoria Theatre on 17 August. Madame Charriere made her first Sydney stage appearance at the end of January 1842. Both appeared with the Gautrots in two French pieces (an opera and vaudeville) at Dalle Case's Australian Olympic Theatre in March.

In May this so-called "Foreign Operatic and Dramatic Company", with John and Eliza Bushelle, presented, in French, Gaveaux's "comic opera" The Buffo singer and the tailor and a vaudeville, My wife and my umbrella ("with songs, duets and choruses"). Gautrot and Charriere (with assistance from pupils) staged a ball in July which offered, among other things, "Spanish and Chinese Dances of the newest description".

Charriere continued to teach as a "professor of dancing" until the end of the year, when he announced that he had "retired from his profession in favour of Mr. John Clark, of King-street" to whom he "confidently and warmly" recommended his students.

The Charrieres, with servant and child, sailed for New Zealand (and, more likely, beyond) on 22 January 1843.


"BATAVIA. Aangekomen", Javasche courant (5 October 1836), 1 

Oct. 2. - . . . Frans. schip Alexander, van Bordeaux den 29sten junij, passagiers, der heer Minard en vrouw, de heer Alexander en vrouw, de heer Charriere en vrouw, de Heer Condraij en vrouw, de heer Gautrand [sic, recte Gautrot] en kine, en de heeren Noël, Donadieu en Ropert.

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (7 December 1836), 1 

. . . Mme. Alexandre et M. Charriere ont dansé le pas espagnol avec autant de grâce que d'habileté . . .

?VERSCHILLENDE DEKENDMAKINGEN", Javasche courant (5 July 1837), 1 

. . . an he geven van danslessen wijden kan. CHARRIÈRE . . . donner des leçons de danse. CHARRIÈRE . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1841), 2

[News], The Australian (13 July 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (16 July 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 January 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 March 1842), 1

"THEATRE FRANCAIS", Australasian Chronicle (5 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 July 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1843), 3

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1843), 3

CHATE, Alfred Henry

Double bass player

Born England, 1828; baptised St. Nicholas, Brighton, 31 December 1828
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1852 (per Statesman, from Gravesend, 22 June 1852, and Portsmouth, 28 June)
Married Alarina PAUL, Sydney, NSW, 13 August 1855
Died Woolloomooloo, Sydney, NSW, 20 May 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In 1852, Chate was one of a large party of Brighton emigrants bound for Melbourne and the "diggings". Other musical friends who arrived on the same ship were the violinists John (Edward) Tucker and Bream Thom, another, on a slightly later ship, was the flautist Charles Thatcher. By March 1853, all appear to have joined John Winterbottom's band.


"EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 June 1852), 7

The news from the "diggings" continues to be encouraging, and numbers are about to quit this town for the Australian colony. Some fifty or more purpose leaving Brighton this morning, to embark on board the "Statesman," which was towed down the Thames to Gravesend on Saturday afternoon, from which place she sailed on Tuesday afternoon for Portsmouth, and is intended to leave the latter place to-morrow. Among those who are either going or gone, are Mr. Mussell, North Street, and his son George; Mr Wight, the landlord of the Regent Hotel; Mr. Thom (musician) and wife . . . Mr. Tucker, jun., musician . . . Mr. J. Bambridge, musician . . . Mr. Alfred Chate, tailor [also a musician] . . .

"THE BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS TO AUSTRALIA", The Brighton gazette [England] (2 June 1853), 5

In another part of the paper will found extracts from letter with which we have been favoured by the parents or friends of those who have emigrated to that land of promise, the gold fields of Australia. We say favoured, because many of those who receive letters from their relatives abroad do not wish to appear desirous of parading their names before the public. The publication of these lettera, however, is actually a boon to the public, because they are characterised by a truthfulness unmistakeable, and must have weight with those who have thoughts of emigrating. Many who have received letters by the "Sarah Sands" are most most averse to seeing them in print.

Our readers may gather from the letters which we publish to-day that the gold diggings continue to be perfect lottery, but that the odds are completely against the emigrants with few exceptions, such as carpenters, bricklayers, and persons employed in building. How many a clerk who left a comfortable home to seek bhs fortune in Australia, bitterly repents the hour when he made up his mind to leave his native land. But even now we believe that hale, hearty and sinuous persons are capable of realising a good living in Australia; it is the hardy sons of toil who are most likely to enrich themselves. All accounts agree in the fact that murder and rapine stalk that country unmolested; and a singular instance of bare-faced robbery and violence is given in the letter of Mr. Godden.

It is, perhaps, rather remarkable that not one of the Brighton party appears to have been successful at the diggings. Some have laboured hard, whilst others have scarcely put a spade into the ground, when they have either given up in despair or become disgusted with the scenes around them, and returned to Melbourne almost penniless. Mr. Hamblin, head cook at the Bedford Hotel, has received letter from his brother, who left good situation to go out to Tahiti; but having the gold fever must needs try his luck at the diggings. He failed, as many hundreds have done besides, and has written to say that he is now returning to Tahiti, where has a brother in business. Three companions who went out in the same ship with him had £35 each, when they landed in Australia; and they were soon reduced almost to beggary.

Mr. Thatcher's son has sent a letter to his parents, on the King's Road, giving a very discouraging account of the country, more especially of the state of society. This letter is fully corroborated in that respect by another received from the son of Mr. Evans, green grocer and fruiterer, Western Road. Among other letters received here, we learn that Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, and Mr. Alfred Chate, son of Mr. Chate, Bedford Place, are playing at promenade concerts, the former as leader, at £5 5s. a week, the latter, at £4 4s. We believe that Thatcher's son is also with them, deriving a similar emolument from music. Mr. Bryer, the dancing master, is in Melbourne, under the assumed name of Jones; and Mr. John Fleeson has taken the name of Fortune . . .

"THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (3 November 1853), 7

A great number of letters from Brighton emigrants have lately been received here their friends . . . Mr. Henry Chate, tailor, has received a letter from his son. It appears that he has been with Winterbottom's musical corps in Sydney; and has done pretty well. They have latterly returned to Melbourne. Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, is the leader. He is called at Melbourne the English Paganini. Mr. Thom, who also went from Brighton, is engaged at the Theatre in Geelong. He leads the orchestra, and Mrs. Thom is engaged as an actress. Mrs. Thom took her benefit the Theatre, on July 16th, when nearly £100 was taken at the doors. Mr. Thom took his benefit the next night, and £107 was taken. The performances were Guy Mannering and a Concert. Many of our readers will doubtless remember Mr. Creed Royal, an excellent flute player. He is engaged in the same orchestra as Mr. Thom.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL . . . CONTRABASSI. Mr. Chapman, from Melbourne; Mr. J. Brown; Mr. A. H. Chate; And a gentleman amateur, member of the Philharmonic Society . . .

"MR. WINTERBOTTOM", Empire (14 August 1861), 5 

A very gratifying testimonial was presented to Mr. Winterbottom, the eminent bassoonist and conduotor, previous to his departure from Sydney, yesterday, for Melbourne, en route for England, by several of the artistes who have been members of the corps d'orchestre, under Mr. Winterbottom, since he arrived in these colonies. The testimonial consisted of a handsome frame, containg photographic portraits, very beautifully executed by Mr. Glaister, of Pitt-street, of Mr. Winterbottom himself (in the centre), surrounded by those of the following artistes: Mr. Eigenschenck (leader), Mr. J. Hall (second violin), Mr. Rice (viola), Mr. Vaughan (flute), Mr. Chate (basso), Mr. Prince (cornet), Mr. Seamore (trombone), and Mr. Sharp (drums); all of whom, we understand, have, with slight intermission, been connected with Mr. Winterbottom during the last nine years in his professional career in Australia. The manner in which they have thus testified their regard and sympathy for their late talented conductor, is at once appropriate and suggestive, and we doubt not, will be long cherished by the accomplished artiste to whom it has been offered, and whose departure from these oolonies will create a vacuum in the musical world which it will be extremely difficult to supply.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1876), 1 

CHATE. - May 20, at his residence, 16, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, Alfred Henry Chate, aged 47, after a long and painful illness, a native of Brighton, England, leaving a wife and seven children to mourn their loss.

CHAUNCY, Philip (Phillip La Mothe Snell CHAUNCY)

Reporter and transcriber of Indigenous music

Born Datchet, Buckinghamshire, England 21 June 1816
Arrived Holdfast Bay, SA, 23 October 1839 (per Dumfries, from London)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 9 April 1880 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVALS", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 3

"Deaths", The Argus (10 April 1880), 1

[News], Gippsland Times (12 April 1880), 3

The Ballarat Courier mentions the decease of Mr. Philip Chauncy, at his residence on Friday morning after a long and painful illness. The deceased arrived in Western Australia about forty years ago, and was the author of a valuable work on the aborigines of Australia. He was afterwards for many years in the Victorian Survey department. Mr. Chauncy also took a hearty interest in the advancement of Church of England matters, having been registrar for the Bishop of Ballarat until failing health compelled his retirement from that position. He died beloved and respected by all who knew him.


Chant of the Aboriginals at Swan River ("a line of one of their chants"), in R. Brough Smythe, The Aborigines of Victoria (1878), vol. 2, 266

See also checklist entry:


"Notes and anecdotes of the Aborigines of Australia, by Philip Chauncy, J.P., District Surveyor at Ballarat", in R. Brough Smythe (ed.P, The Aborigines of Victoria (1878), vol. 2, Appendix A, 221-84

Papers, MS; State Library of Victoria

Philip Chauncy diaries and survey books, 1840-1875; State Library of New South Wales

Aborigines of King George Sound taken by Philip Chauncy Esq. in 1852; Natioanl Gallery of Australia

Bibliography and resources:

Mark Twain, Following the Equator (Hartford: American Publishing Co., 1897), 216

"Philip Lamothe Snell Chauncy", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

CHERRY, Martin Cronin

Amateur musician, bandsman (St. Patrick's Band), bandmaster (Brigade Band, Balmain Band)

Born c. 1826
Active Sydney, NSW, ? c.1840s-50s (as member of St. Patrick's Band)
Died Balmain, NSW, 28 August 1898, aged 72


[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (23 April 1853), 12 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1874), 1

VOLUNTEER LAND ORDERS. LOST, on the 16th December last, supposed between corner of King and George streets and top of William street . . . viz. No. 72-47, originally issued to Martin Cherry, private Brigade Band, and transferred to W. C. Bundock, Esq., 8th February, 1872.

"BRIGADE PICNIC", Evening News (22 January 1875), 2

"DEATH OF MR. MARTIN CHERRY", Freeman's Journal (3 September 1898), 12

Mr. Martin Cronin Cherry, one of the best-known Irishmen in Sydney, a bright-witted genial soul, passed away at his late residence, "Monaleen," Clare-street, Balmain West, on the 28th inst. He had reached his 72nd year, but he preserved his wonderful gaiety of heart almost to the very last. For some four or five years Mr. Cherry suffered from rheumatism, but his chief concern in connection with this affliction was that it deprived him of the pleasure of dancing an Irish jig, an exercise which he maintained was essential to good health and true patriotism. It would be hard to name an Irish gathering held in Sydney for well-nigh half a century - sports, dancing, banquet, hurling, or picnic - from which he was absent. It might in truth be said of him, as it has been said of Shamus O'Brien, that he figured with equal grace at a christening, a wedding, or a funeral. Mr. Cherry enjoyed the personal friendship of Father Therry, Archdeacon M'Encroe, the Very Rev. Dr. Forrest, the learned and witty Rector of St. John's College, and Father George Dillon. He was one of Archdeacon M'Encroe's celebrated Temperance Brass Band, and was also a leading player in the first band formed in Balmain . . .

CHERRY, Robert

Sergeant, (? band sergeant), ? bandmaster (2-14th Regiment)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1867-1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 14th Regiment


"BAND OF THE 2-14TH REGIMENT", The Tasmanian Times (2 September 1868), 2 

We really must congratulate Bandmaster Cherry on the great and continued improvement in the band of the detachment of the 14th Regiment now stationed here. The selections played on the "march-out" on Monday (particularly one from the opera of Somnambula) were admirably performed - shewing an amount of proficiency to which, since the departure of the 12th band, we have been strangers. We understand that Bandmaster Cherry has had no very easy task to perform, as the men he has trained were not brought up as musicians, and the instruments at his disposal were simply "cast off" by the band of the regiment in Melbourne. We trust that some arrangements may be made for the band to perform in Franklin square and the Botanical Gardens during the coming summer.

"LAW COURTS", The South Australian Advertiser (20 May 1869), 3

. . . and the prisoner called Sergeant Cherry, of the 14th Regiment, who stated that on Monday, 10th May, the prisoner came into Sergeant Murray's quarters to dinner, about 10 minutes past 1 o'clock, and stayed till Sergeant Murray had dinner . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (3 August 1869), 1

CHERRY - CHANLEY. On the 25th May, at Trinity Church, Adelaide, by the Rev. Henry Howitt, Robert Cherry, Sergeant H.M. 14th Regiment, to Mary Ann Chanley, youngest daughter of the late Mrs. Hamer, Hobart Town, Tasmania.

"MUSICAL DAYS. HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2

. . . Most of the 12th Regiment left a few years after for New Zealand, and it was not until 1866 (after the New Zealand war) that another regiment, the 2nd Battalion of the 14th West Yorkshire (now Prince of Wales West Yorkshire) arrived, and a detachment band, formed in Adelaide, arrived in 1867 to join the regiment. Mr. Millist Vincent, of this city, was a member. Mr. Robert Cherry was the bandmaster. So ends the history of the imperial military bands in Tasmania.


Soprano vocalist, actor

See main page "Mrs. Chester, singer and actor"


Vocalist, ? composer, songwriter

Active Sydney, NSW, December 1834 to March 1835 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Child appeared for the first time in Sydney in Mr. Lewis's concert in December 1834 singing Bochsa's song Slowly wears the day, love and Haynes Bayly's We met! (though attributed to "Burnett"). The Monitor judged:

This lady has a good voice, and her attempts at expression were good, and we think she will, with practice, become a popular singer.

She appeared again in Maria Taylor's concert in March 1835 singing Moore and Stevenson's Wilt thou say farewell, love and what appears to be billed as a song of her own composition, Farewell to love. A song "Farewell to Love sung by Miss Childe" was among new publications from Bland and Waller in London in 1817.

A London concert singer Miss Childe ("Of the Philharmonic and Ancient Concerts") had married bass singer Edward Seguin, and was appearing there as Mrs. E. Seguin by mid-1832; but I have been able to find no reference to any other public singer of that name active in homeland Britain immediately before of after 1834-35.


"REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", New Monthly Magazine 8 (1 September 1817), 150

[Advertisement], The Australian (16 December 1834), 1

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 December 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 March 1835), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 2 

. . . Mrs. Child - attempted two songs, her style is very simple.

CHINNER, George Williams

Musical composition judge (Gawler Prize), composer, lyricist

Born Oxford, England, 1825
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1845 (per Templar)
Died Brighton, SA, 27 May 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHINNER, William Bowen

Organist, composer, teacher of music

Born Adelaide, SA, c. 1850 (son of the above)
Died Adelaide, SA, 2 July 1915, aged 65 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Images Self-portrait in watercolour, George Williams Chinner, signed "GC 1845"; State Library of South Australia


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 September 1854), 1 

. . . The VOCAL CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC in aid of the WAR RELIEF FUND, will be held in Freeman-street Chapel, on WEDNESDAY EVENING, the 6th September. PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture, "Samson", - Handel; Chorus, "Sing unto God," - Handel; Quartett, "Unto Thee, O Lord," and Chorus, "Thy Kingdom is an everlasting Kingdom," - G. W. Chinner . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 October 1859), 1

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2

The Judges who had undertaken to decide upon the music set to the "Song of Australia" met yesterday, and, after due examination, agreed to the following report: -

"The Judges appointed to award the prize for the best musical composition set to the words of the prize song, entitled 'The Song of Australia,' met on Friday, the 4th November - present, Messrs. Dutton, Ewing, Chinner, and Holden. Twenty-three compositions were examined, and the prize was unanimously awarded to the composition bearing the motto 'One of the Quantity.' Those bearing the mottoes 'Long Live our Gracious Queen,' 'Garibaldi,' and 'Con Amore' so nearly equalled the prize composition in merit that the Judges had great difficulty in coming to a decision.

"Francis S. Dutton.

"A. Ewing.

"Geo. W. Chinner.

"Wm. Holden."

Immediately upon receiving this report we telegraphed to the Secretary of the Gawler Institute to ascertain the name of the successful competitor, and we find from his reply that the composer who has thus distinguished himself is Mr. Carl Linger.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (28 May 1880), 4

"News", The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1880), 5

G. W. Chinner, of Brighton, who was formerly a well-known draper in Rundle street . . . He was distinguished for his knowledge of the musical science, and was one of the judges who awarded the prize to Herr Carl Linger for the music of The song of Australia. Mr. Chinner's musical tastes and abilities are evidently inherited by his elder son, Mr. W. B. Chinner, the able organist, and Mr. G. F. Chinner. From 1864 to 1871 the deceased gentleman was one of the proprietor of this paper and of other journals issued from this office.

"News", The Register (3 July 1915), 8

Since the publication of his first organ composition, the copyright of which was purchased by a London firm, the late Mr. Chinner wrote many anthems, hymn tunes, sacred solos, and organ pieces, which were published and became widely popular. Of those particular mention may be made of the anthem Lord, God of heaven and earth, which is to be found in the repertory of almost every choir in the city and suburbs, and the pretty Andante in A flat for organ, which frequently appears in English and colonial programmes. Mr. Chinner wrote for choir and Sunday schools, among other cantatas, The Christian Magna Charta, The Prodigal Son, Solomon's Lost Song, and The Light of the World. A brother of deceased, Mr. G. F. Chinner, frequently supplied the lyrics for the various compositions. Another brother of the late Mr. W. B. Chinner is Mr. J. H. Chinner (a former Mayor of Unley, and the well-known cartoonist).

See also:

Elizabeth Silsbury, "Chinner, Norman (1909-1961)", Australian dictionary of biography 13 (1993) 

Musician, grandson of George Williams CHINNER above


Master of the band of the 28th Regiment, professor of music, composer

Born Rome, Italy, 1786
Joined 28th Regiment, 1828
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1836 (with regiment, per John Barry)
Resigned from regiment, NSW, March 1842
Died Parramatta, NSW, 5 December 1858, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 28th Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Head Quarters and Band of the 28th Regiment disembarked in Sydney in January 1836. A fortnight later, a correspondent to the Gazette welcomed:

the arrival of Mr. Cheadile [sic], the first Italian band master this colony ever possessed. His band plays with more strength and pith than any other I have ever heard in this place . . . their airs are rich and powerful, and their bass full of resonance.

"Mr. Cheadile", actually Vincenzo Chiodetti, a former student of the Academia di Santa Cecilia in Rome, next appeared in concert with his band for another recent arrival, William Vincent Wallace (playing the overture to The barber of Seville "in fine style"). In later years he also played for Isaac Nathan. Chiodetti was also active as a composer and teacher of composition. He presented his credentials in a press advertisement in 1839, though under duress, and in, for the young colony, under extraordinary - indeed, to that time, unique - circumstances, challenging his rival to a compositional duel:

Vinchenzo Chiodetti (from the city of Rome), Band master to Her Majesty's 28th Regiment, master of the first class of Music, knowing also Full Harmony, Legate e Fugate, having likewise a stamped Certificate to the above effect, which he can produce, HEARING that a certain Music Master in Sydney took the liberty of ridiculing him in presence of one of his Scholars, proposes to enter into a discussion on Music with that Gentleman . . . Mr. Chiodetti is very sorry any Gentleman professing the Science of Music should so far forget himself as to ridicule one with whom he is not acquainted, and consequently cannot be a judge of his abilities as a Master of Music; everyone must live by his profession, that has one to depend upon only for his support, and the observations made by the Gentleman alluded to wore as unwarranted as unexpected . . . If this Challenge is accepted, Mr. C will go to Sydney, or the Gentleman shall come to Parramatta, provided the expenses be paid by the parties defeated . . . if no answer be received before a fortnight, Mr. C. will publish the name of the Gentleman and of his author.

Alas, we read nowhere of an outcome, if any, to Chiodetti's challenge, nor the name of the offending gentleman. But he received a further sleight to his reputation in 1843, and placed a very similar advertisement, this time naming his antagonist, a Windsor music teacher Frances Brown (Mrs. Hadsley), in January 1844.

One of the band of the 28th's last engagements was to play for Charles Nagel's The mock Catalani at the Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1842.

Already in April, however, Chiodetti had advertised his intention to leave the regiment (after 28 years service, in order to avoid going to India), and stay on and settle in West Maitland as a professor of music.

Alas, we have neither any of his compositions, nor names of any of his pupils. Chiodetti's first wife Maria (born Rome, 1788) died at Parramatta on 6 April 1840. Chiodetti remarried twice thereafter, to Eleanor McCabe, and to Anne Winter (married 23 January 1853). He died at his house in Phillip Street, Parramatta, in 1858, aged 72, survived by Anne and a daughter, Maria.


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1836), 2

"THE BAND OF THE 28TH", The Sydney Gazette (2 February 1836), 2

"LAST FRIDAY'S EVENING'S CONCERT (From a Correspondent)", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1836)

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (22 February 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 February 1839), 2

"The late bandmaster of the Twenty-Eighth Regiment", The Hunter River Gazette; and Journal of Agriculture, Commerce, Politics, and News (18 June 1842), 3

"Music at Windsor", The Weekly Register 2/ 25 (13 January 1844), 381

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1842), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1849), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1859), 1

In the Will of VINCENZO CHIODETTI, late of Parramatta, gentleman, deceased . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Howard Malcolm, Travels in south-eastern Asia: embracing Hindustan, Malaya, Siam, and China; with notices of numerous missionary stations and a full account of the Burman empire, Volume 1 (Boston: Gould, Kendall, and Lincoln, 1839)

In late October 1835, while still in the Atlantic, the John Barry was becalmed. They met an American missionary vessel Louvre with Howard Malcolm on board; Malcolm recorded in his journal: "Friday, 30 October - The monotony of a calm (for the N. E. trade wind has already failed us,) has been agreeably relieved yesterday and to-day by the neighbourhood of two ships, much larger than our own:-one English, and the other American. The English ship, (the John Barry, of London,) is full of convicts for Sydney, in New South Wales: we understood the captain when he spoke us, that there were 200 of them. They swarmed on the whole deck, and in the rigging, while men under arms stood sentry over them. There were probably some troops also on board, as there were several officers on the quarter-deck, and a fine band of music. This was politely mustered yesterday, when we were as near as we could safely sail, and played for an hour or two, very delightfully. As the music swelled and died away in heaving and exquisite cadences - now gay - now plaintive, and now rising into martial pomp, it not only refreshed, and soothed, and exhilarated, but awakened trains of not unprofitable thought. They belonged to our fatherland - they came from the noblest nation earth ever saw - they were but lately arrayed against us in horrid war - they bore to a distant home, a motley crew of refined and vulgar, educated, and ignorant, now reduced by sin to common convicts, and perpetual banishment.

Thanks: To Jen Willetts for sharing this information from her website

CHISHOLM, Marquis (James)

Pianist, "harmoniumist", composer

Born Neilston, Scotland, 1837
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1862 (per Great Britain)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 27 May 1863 (per Monita, for Shanghai)
Died Toronto, Canada, 1877


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1862), 8

MISS AITKEN will give her inimitable READINGS of Tennyson's MAY QUEEN, with descriptive music, composed by Mr. Marquis Chisholm, at the Exhibition Building, on Tuesday evening.

[News], The Argus (27 August 1862), 5

Between the various items of the programme Mr. Marquis Chisholm performed a selection of operatic and Scotch music on the harmonium, and received several encores. He appears to combine delicacy with decision of touch, and to evade, with considerable dexterity, the difficulties which this instrument offers to the executant upon it of lively music.

"MISS AITKEN", Bendigo Advertiser (30 September 1862), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL. THE DEAD HEROES", The Mercury (1 November 1862), 4

For Monday, a general holiday, an important novelty is announced, "The Dead Heroes", which purports to be a kind of musical picture of the progress and disastrous termination of the Victorian Exploring Expedition. The attempt to portray the leading events of such an enterprise by music only without the aid of words is a bold one, but we are assured that it has been successfully executed, and that a musical treat of no ordinary character may on this occasion be expected.

Note:This followed some months after Horace Poussard and Rene Douay's "Dead Heroes", and was likely to have been prompted by their success with the concept, and perhaps modelled directly on theirs; note that Robert Smythe, later Amelia Bailey's husband, acted as agent and manager for all of them.

[News], The Argus (4 March 1863), 5

"THEATRICAL", Empire (28 May 1863), 5

"MR. MARQUIS CHISHOLM AT JAPAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (31 December 1864), 2

"A CHINESE GIANT", The Lancet (9 September 1865), 303

"JAPANESE MUSIC", The London and China Telegraph (10 June 1867), 296

"Town Talk and Table Chat", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 July 1867), 4

Mr. Marquis Chisholm, who it will be remembered accompanied Miss Aitkin to this colony some years back, and so shamefully libelled the people of Tasmania on his return to Scotland, has now settled in Greenock, and has opened a pianoforte and Harmonium warehouse in West Blackhall-street in that town.

Musical and other works:

Starlight polka (by Marquis Chisholm. Just Published (with portrait of the composer). Price, 3s. Mr. Stewart, musicseller, 10 Collins-street east)

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1863), 8

Marquis Chisholm, The adventures of a travelling musician in Australia, China & Japan ([London?: s.n.], 1865)

Bibliography and resources:

David Baptie, Musical Scotland, past and present: being a dictionary of Scottish musicians, 29-30

Young Japan: Yokohama and Yedo: a narrative of the settlement and the city from the signing of the treaties in 1858, to the close of the year 1879 (Trubner & Co. [Yokohama, Kelly & co., print.], 1880)

4th October 1868. The monotony of social life was broken about this time, by the arrival of some musical artists from Australia. They were Miss Bailey, Mr. Marquis Chisholm, Mr. Sipp and Signor Robbio.


Musician, violinist, bellringer, carpenter

Born Kent, England, March 1811 (query)
Married Sarah Kingsnorth, Bethersden, Kent, England, 15 February 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 June 1838 (assisted immigrant per Westminster)
Active NSW, by 1851
Died Nelson, NZ, 20 May 1879, "aged 74 yrs" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHITTENDEN, George (junior)

Violoncello player

Born Bislington, Kent, England, 1834; baptised 21 December 1834
Died Singleton, NSW, 2 October 1875, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Violinist, ? dancing master

Born Maitland, NSW, 1842
Died Blenheim, NZ, 24 October 1921

CHITTENDEN, Miss (? Eliza)


New South Wales, Assisted immigrant passenger list, June 1838, Westminster (State Archives and records NSW)

91. Chittenden, Geo., 27, Carpenter & joiner; 92. Chittenden, Sarah, 25; 93. Chittenden, Geo., 4; 94. Chittenden, Eliza, inf.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1851), 1 

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN CIRCUS, York-street, under the entire management of Mr. Charles Axtelle . . . Leader of the orchestra, Mr. Chittenden . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1851), 1 

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN CIRCUS, YORK-STREET . . . Leader of the orchestra, Mr. Chittenden, Jun. . . .

"SUMMONS FOR WAGES", Empire (4 October 1851), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (22 October 1853), 2 

. . . Mr. Chittenden Jun, plays the violin with good taste. In short the whole affair is much superior to anything we anticipated . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (1 April 1854), 3

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (16 September 1854), 3

"THEATRICAL", Bathurst Free Press (17 June 1854), 2

In consequence of the inclemency of the season the theatre has been but indifferently attended of late, and the absence of music by reason of the sickness of the Chittenden family has operated as an additional drawback . . . Macbeth is in course of preparation for Mr. Cox's benefit, on which occasion new scenery will be presented. We trust that the efforts of the Manager to cater for public amusement will not be unappreciated, as from the convalescence of the Chittendens, and for other reasons which it is now unnecessary to detail, we understand that our Thespian temple will regain something more than it has lost.

"HORSE STEALING", Bathurst Free Press (21 April 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 June 1856), 1

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (31 January 1857), 3

"BELL RINGING", Bathurst Free Press (30 May 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Wellington Independent (14 July 1858), 2 


"TOPICS OF THE DAY. The Campbell Minstrels", The South Australian Advertiser (19 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1864), 1

"SINGLETON. SIR WALTER SCOTT'S CENTENARY", The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1871), 1

"UNITED ST ANDREW'S LODGE. To the Editor", The Singleton Argus (2 October 1875), 3

"Died", The Singleton Argus (6 October 1875), 2

"DEATHS", Nelson Evening Mail (17 May 1879), 2 

"UP AND DOWNS OF LIFE (By J. STANLEY)", National Advocate (14 June 1913), 7 

. . . The three Chittendens, father and two sons, played in the "Court Minstrels." They lived in Koppel-street and hung the first peal of bells in All Saints . . .


Professor of Sacred Music, conductor, vocal instructor (late pupil of Hullah), psalmody instructor

Born Bowerchalk, Wiltshire, England, c.1817/18
Married (2) Louisa Adelaide PHILLIPS (1823-1886), Westminster, London, April 1854
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 September 1854 (assisted immigrant per Tantivy, from Southampton, 3 June)
Died Ashfield, Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1884, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also:'s+Vocal+Music+Association (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHIZLETT, Louisa Adelaide (Louisa Adelaide PHILLIPS)

Soprano vocalist

Born London, England, 1823
Married Charles CHIZLETT, Westminster, London, April 1854
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 September 1854 (assisted immigrant per Tantivy, from Southampton, 3 June)
Died Sydney, NSW, 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Baptist and a pupil of Hullah, Charles Chizlett advertised his first Sydney vocal classes in 1855. With the assistance of Dr. Woolley and Charles Packer, Chizlett formed the Sydney People's Vocal Music Association out of his former vocal classes in 1859. In July 1861 the society gave him a benefit concert (Haydn's Creation). For 27 years he was teacher of vocal music in the National and Public Schools of Sydney. Though suffering from severe physical disability, he was still teaching music at Sydney Technical College in March 1884, only months before his death.


New South Wales, Australia, Assisted immigrant passenger lists; per Tantivy, September 1854; State Archives NSW 

Chizlett Charles / 36 / Joiner / [born] Bower Chalk Wiltshire / [son of] Wm. and Mary both dead / Baptist / [Read and write] Both / [Relations in the Colony] None
Louisa A [Chizlett] / 31 / - / Marylebone / . . . / [Baptist] / . . .
Mary Ann / 6 / Chelsea, Middlesex / . . . / [Baptist] / . . .
Adelaide / 4 / Westminster, London / . . . / [Baptist] / . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (24 November 1855), 1

VOCAL MUSIC. - C. CHIZLETT, late pupil of Mr. Hullah, St. Martin's Hall, London, begs to announce that he is about to commence a course of fifty elementary lessons from Hullah's Manual, commencing on FRIDAY EVENING, November 30, in the School-room adjoining Dr. Ross's Chapel, Pitt-street.
Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of acquiring a sound knowledge of vocal music will find this a rare opportunity.
Terms, including books containing all the figures and exercises, 10s. per quarter, or 15s. the whole course.
Tickets and books may be obtained of Mr. Soole, George-street, four doors north of King-street; Mr. Elworthy, opposite the Royal Hotel; Mr. Eldridge, dyer, York-street; Mr. Dixson, Waverley House, Brickfield-hill; or, of the Conducter, 142, Liverpool-street East; or, at the above room, until Tuesday, December 4th.
Two lessons will be given each week, commencing at 8 o'clock p.m., Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Mr. Chizlett will deliver an introductory address on Tuesday Evening, November 27th.

[Advertisement], Empire (24 December 1855), 6 

THE PEOPLE'S SINGING SCHOOL. - Notice, next TUESDAY being Christmas day, the next lesson will be given on FRIDAY evening next, December 28th. C. CHIZLETT.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1856), 1

"HOLT IN LUCK'S WAY", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 June 1856), 2

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1857), 5 

The favourable reception of Mr. Massey's selections from some of the most celebrated oratorios, on Monday evening, induced him to repeat them last night at the School of Arts, when the body of the hall was moderately filled. The programme comprised some of the finest airs, choruses, and duets from the oratorios of "Judas," "The Creation," and "The Messiah," for the performance of which Miss Flora Harris, with several gentlemen amateurs, and a numerous choir, were engaged . . . Mrs. Chislett gave the recitative "There were shepherds" with pleasing firmness and finish . . .

"THE NATIONAL SCHOOLS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1857), 4

A large number of visitors (about 230; assembled at Fort-street on Wednesday [23 December 1857[. The Governor General arid Lady Donison were kind enough to distribute prizes . . . the pupil teachers and assistant teachers sang a selection of pieces (chiefly from Hullah's part music) in evidence of their profiency. Unfortunately two of the young teachers were absent on account of illness, and their places were supplied by the Inspector and Mr. Chizlett, their instructor in music. Most of the pieces were well sung. The following was the programme:
- Sacred - 1. Choral - "Since on the Cross," Luther; 2. Motet - "O be joyful," Palestrina; 3. Hymn - "Give to us Peace," Russian Melody; 4. Motet - "I will give thanks," Palestrina; 5. Hymn - "Ave Sanctissime," Webbe; 6. Motet - "Go not far," Zingarelli. Secular. - 1. Glee - "Awake Eolian Lyre," Danby; 2. Part song - "O never fear," German; 3. Part song - "Mayday," Meithart; 4, Part song - "Harvest," German; 5. Glee - "Ye spotted snakes," Steevens; 6. Glee - "Come let us a-maying go," Alterbury; 7. National Song - "Rule Britannia," Arne.
Although the singers were rather nervous at first, as might bo expected, we are inclined to the opinions that the part songs, "Mayday," and "Harvest," were the best executed; next the Glee, "Ye spotted snakes." This performance gave pleasure apparently to all the visitors. The Governor-General and Lady Denison thanked the singers for the entertainment which, they said, gave them much gratification. The children were then assembled in front of the lawn and sang "God save the Queen" . . .

"NEW SOUTH WALES . . . THE NATIONAL SCHOOLS IN SYDNEY", The Moreton Bay Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (9 January 1858), 3 

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1858), 5

"GRAND SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (31 May 1859), 5

[Advertisement]: "PROSPECTUS OF THE PEOPLE'S VOCAL MUSIC ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1859), 6

"SYDNEY VOCAL MUSIC ASSOCIATION", The Australian Home Companion (5 November 1859), 23

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1861), 1

[Advertisement]: "CHIZLETT TESTIMONIAL FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1880), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1884), 2

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1884), 13

Those intimate with the musical world will sincerely regret to hear of the death of Mr. Chizlett, who for many years had held a prominent position as a teacher of vocal music to Sydney. Many of the most successful vocalists of the past, as well as many promising ones of the future, owe their primary musical education to Mr. Chizlett, who through his life stuck tenaciously to the system adopted by the late Mr. John Hullah, whose pupil he was . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1884), 1

"Chizlett Memorial", Evening News (27 February 1885), 6 

CHRISTEN, Hugo John (Johannes; Herr CHRISTEN)

Bass vocalist

Born c. 1839/40
Active Adelaide, SA, by October 1858
Died North Sydney, NSW, 17 March 1898, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MONDAY EVENING'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (2 October 1858), 3 

. . . Herr Christen, who was announced in the programme as a "Basso Profundo, lately arrived from Germany" rather surprised the audience by the peculiarity of his style, particularly in the operatic piece he had selected. We prefer, however, waiting to hear him again before expressing any decided opinion respecting his capabilities . . .

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 December 1859), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (6August 1869), 2

"ANGASTON, JULY 5", The South Australian Advertiser (8 July 1872), 3

The Draeger family, assisted by Herr Christen (basso profundo), performed at the Institute. The room was tolerably well filled. Mr. Christen has a splendid bass voice, and his songs were a great treat.

"THE SYDNEY LIEDERTAFEL", Goulburn Evening Post (13 November 1894), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1898), 1

"BREVITIES", Evening News (21 March 1898), 4

The funeral of the late Mr. Hugo John Christen, of East Crescent-street, Blue's Point, took place on Saturday, the remains being interred in St. Thomas's Cemetery, North Sydney. In addition to the relatives of the deceased there were also present several members of the Sydney Liedertafel, of which the deceased was one of the oldest members.

CHRISTIAN, Mary Ellen (Madame CHRISTIAN, R.A.M; earlier Miss; Sister)

Contralto vocalist, teacher of singing (pupil of Manuel Garcia; teacher of Melba)

Born Quebec, Canada, 1848 (of English parents)
Arrived Australia, 1871
Died Potts Point, NSW, 31 May 1941, aged 93




"THE FORTHCOMING EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1872), 4

"MADAME ARABELLA GODDARD'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1873), 4

"MADAME A. GODDARD'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1873), 4

"MADAME CHRISTIAN'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (3 October 1894), 6

"At 90, Melba's Teacher Still Works On . . .", The Australian Women's Weekly (16 July 1938), 2

"OBITUARY. MADAME CHRISTIAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1941), 4

"Madame Christian Dead at 93. Sister of Charity World-Famous Singing Teacher", The Catholic Press (5 June 1941), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Samantha Frappell, "Christian, Mary Ellen", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

Associations: Teacher of Nellie Melba, Ella Caspers


Teacher of music, violinist, phonographer, alderman

Active Newcastle, NSW, 1876
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1916

Image: Victoria Theatre, Newcastle, 1876: Colin Christie, Leader; Margaret, piano; Alex, violin; Colin, flute. This image was scanned from a photograph in the Newcastle and Hunter District Historical Society archives which are held by Cultural Collections at the University of Newcastle, Australia.


"MARRIAGE", The Maitland Mercury (5 April 1859), 3

"THE CHRISTIE FAMILY", The Maitland Mercury (3 December 1874), 3

Mr. Colin Christie, of Newcastle, and his talented family, gave a vocal and instrumental concert in the School of Arts, West Maitland, last evening, and it must have been matter for regret to those who desire to see merit acknowledged that there was not a larger attendance. The entertainment is one well deserving of patronage. Mr Christie's family - all young children - are undoubtedly clever, and he has reason to be proud of them, the more so as they received their tuition entirely from himself. Their entertainment consisted of songs, concerted vocal pieces, instrumental solos, and music from the full band of juvenile performers, and the audience, though not large, were highly pleased. Mr Christie may therefore reasonably hope, as the merits of his entertainment become better known, to receive more general patronage. The performance of Master James Christie on the violin, "Blue Bells of Scotland," with variations, would have done credit to a much older player. The lad gives promise of becoming a first-class soloist.

"To the Editor", Newcastle Morning Herald (23 July 1877), 3

"CITY HALL", Newcastle Morning Herald (10 November 1877), 5

. . . the Christie family displayed their versa[ti]lity in some charming glees, comic renderings, and pieces of concerted music. 1878: A very successful quadrille party was held in the City Hall in the evening, when dancing was kept up till a late hour to the music of Mr. Christie and family's excellent string band.

"St. Patrick's Day Excursion", Newcastle Morning Herald (19 March 1878), 2

"DEATH OF MR. COLIN CHRISTIE", Newcastle Morning Herald (17 June 1916), 5

"THE LATE MR. COLIN CHRISTIE. A VIRILE PERSONALITY", Newcastle Morning Herald (19 June 1916), 4

. . . The late Mr. Christie was a self-made man of the vigorous, unbending, pushful type, who met obstacles only to overcome them . . . The deceased gentleman was also an accomplished musician, and it is probable that he was more widely-known through music than in any of his other manifold and always capable parts. He was a good musician and sound in technique, as one would imagine. It was, however, as a teacher that he was at his best. He could play practically any instrument, though the violin was the most treasured. He loved to hear a violin well played. He made his pupils play well, and his own sons and daughters, by inherited love of music and by hard practice, were all capable musicians, with probably one exception, the exception in this case that proved the rule. He made his pupils practice long and continuously. It is said that he was a hard taskmaster in the imparting of his knowledge, but he only had in mind the benefit of the student. "I won't have a pupil unless he or she is willing to learn. I won't have them wasting my time and their own," he would say, and so they practised and studied or else out they went. In orchestration the late Mr. Christie was widely known, both to the musical fraternity and to the lay members of the community who listened at concerts or engaged in dancing as a pastime. In Newcastle no name is more honourably or pleasurably associated with music than that of "Christie," firstly in the man who has just passed away, and in his children.


Musician, pianist, violinist, music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1889
Died Vaucluse, NSW, 22 July 1938, aged 80


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1889), 6

Mr. Hector R. Maclean, the local hon. secretary for the Trinity College (London) musical examinations held annually in this city, had just received the following official report with reference to the examination held in June last. Senior Division. Honours certificates: Margaret Mary Marsden, Arthur J. Mason . . . Pass certificates: Millie Barker, Christiana Marsden, Samuel Chudleigh, Hillstead Robinson, Ethel Mary King . . .

"Newington College Rifle Club", Evening News (30 May 1891), 5

The Petersham Harmonic Society, under the conductor, Mr. J. Thornton, and their leader, Mr. S. Chudleigh, rendered good selections of instrumental music of a very high-class character.

"SYDNEY COLLEGE OF MUSIC. ANNUAL EXAMINATIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1899), 7

Mr. S. Gordon Lavers, registrar of the college, forwards the following official report with reference to the sixth annual examination, theoretical and practical, just concluded. The diminution subjects were pianoforte, organ, violin, singing, harmony, and counterpoint, and the examiners were Messrs Frank Down, Samuel Chudleigh, Albert Fisher, Roberto Hazon, S. Gordon Lavers, Hector R. Maclean, Joseph Massey, Fred Morley, Laurance Phillip, Alexander Rea, Herbert H. Rice, J. Edward Sykes, Ernest P. Truman, and Montague Younger.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1938), 16

"MR. S. CHUDLEIGH", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1938), 9

Mr. Samuel Chudleigh, who died at Vaucluse aged 80 years, was regarded as the doyen of music teachers in Sydney. He had been associated with Paling's for 40 years as a teacher of piano and violin, and had a wide circle of friends and acquaintances in the music world. He was actively connected with the old Amateur Orchestral Society, and with the Sydney Philharmonic Society during the time that Signor Hazon was conductor. For nearly half a century he was associated with the London College of Music and was organising secretary for 40 years.


Violin teacher of Cyril Monk; piano teacher of Frederick Halliwell Grindrod



Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1841


[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

. . . The Quadrille Band (at the Ball) gave entire satisfaction; their most attractive performance was some entirely new sets of quadrilles, from the latest French operas, arranged by Musard for the pianoforte, &c. These were gone through with the greatest precision and spirit, as under:-
First Violin - Mr. Howarzik [Kowarzik]
Second ditto -Mr. Clair
Tenor - John McLeod, Esq.
Double Bass - Mr. Russel
Piano Forte - Dr. Hanchette
Clarionette - Mr. Rabelin
Cornupia [Cornopean] - McDonald.

CLANCY, Elizabeth (Elizabeth FIELD; Mrs. Thomas CLANCY)

Soprano vocalist, music teacher (d. Sydney, NSW, 1860)

See main page: 


Builder and musical instrument maker

Active ? Sydney, NSW, 1840 (but perhaps never arrived; or William CLARKE of Melbourne)


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Colonist (7 March 1840), 2

. . . Mr. Clark, builder and musical instrument maker . . .

CLARK, Benjamin

Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1870


"SPORTING AND THEATRICAL NOTES", South Bourke Standard (29 July 1870), 3

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. MARITANA", The Argus (6 December 1876), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1885), 2

Mr. Benjamin Clark is not new to Melbourne, having at one time been a pupil of Mr. Albert Richardson. Having adopted singing as a profession, in which he has worked hard during the last seven years in San Francisco, he returns for a short visit to Melbourne, with a naturally good voice brought by cultivation into admirable condition for effective use. It is a light tenor voice of high range, extending to C in alt, and of a very sweet and agreeable quality of tone. He has learned how to control it when using it in the higher range, so that no suspicion of harshness appears about it. This excellent acquirement is invaluable when singing such a song as "There is a flower that bloometh", or in taking part in such a duet as "Oh, Maritana."

CLARK, Mrs. Charles (Mrs. Chas. CLARK)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1874-76



"THE KRUSE CONCERT", The Age (24 May 1875), 3

. . . The instrumental portion of the entertainment was varied, including Batiste's Offertoire in D, for the organ, played by Mr. Plaisted; Reissiger's quintette, played by Mrs. Chas. Clark at the piano; Messrs. E. King, A. King, and E. King (violins), and Mr. Montague (violoncello). Mr. Anderson and Miss Griffiths, of the Royal Academy of Music, gave piano solos in a creditable manner; and Mr. Julius Siede played his charming flute solo from Elisir d'Amore; and lastly, Master Kruse furnished strong argument to show why his talent should be encouraged in the most proper manner by educating it, by playing two violin solos . . .

"AMUSEMENTS", Leader (29 May 1875), 18 

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 May 1876), 2 

MONDAY, MAY 15. At Twelve O'clock. Under Instructions from Mrs. Charles Clark. MAGNIFICENT OBLIQUE TRICHORD CONCERT GRAND PIANO, In Walnut, By PLEYEL. To Connoisseurs, Musicians, and Others. GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. . . . . . . rich full tone, nearly new, and selected by Mrs. Clark for its intrinsic value.

CLARK, Harriet (Mrs.)

School teacher

Born England, about 1786/7
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1833 ("50 years of age", free per Palambam, from London, 24 August 1832)
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 13 February 1856, aged 70 years

CLARK, Harriet Catherine (Mrs. David ANDERSON)

Teacher of music and dancing, piano tuner, school teacher

Born Rochester, England, c. 1808; baptised St. Nicholas, Rochester, 24 April 1808
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1833 ("25 years of age", free per Palambam, from London, 24 August 1832)
Married David ANDERSON, St. Philip's, Sydney, NSW, 27 June 1833
Died Paddington, NSW, 3 October 1887


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 February 1833), 3

MISS CLARK, lately from England, most respectfully announces to the Inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that she intends, on Monday, the 3d February, opening a School for the reception of young Ladies. Miss C. has been regularly instructed for a Governess, and accustomed to tuition, having been principal Assistant in a Ladies' seminary nearly 3 years, and can produce letters to that effect, and give the most unquestionable references. She flatters herself, that by unwearied attention to those young Ladies entrusted to her care, she shall merit and obtain a share of public patronage and support. Miss C. will, if required, instruct young Ladies in French, Music, Drafting, and Dancing, at their respective homes. Pianofortes tuned at the usual price. For cards of terms, apply to Mr. Fenwick, Baker, George street, at the Offices of the Sydney Gazette and Sydney Herald, or at No. 5 Goulburn street, near Pitt-street.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (29 June 1833), 3

MARRIED - On the 27th instant, at St. Philip's Church, DAVID ANDERSON, of York-street, Baker, to HARRIET CATHERINE CLARK, of Pitt Street, Teacher of Music.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (10 July 1833), 2-3 (AFTERNOON)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1856), 8

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1887), 1

CLARK, James

Music Master, theatre band musician, horn and bugle player, music copyist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1837


Hobart's barely completed New Theatre Royal opened for the first time on 6 March 1837, with Morton's Speed the plough. On 9 March one James Clark appeared in court charged with drunkenness. On 23 March James Clark ("calling himself a Musician and Music Laster, but with his old rough ragged coat . . . bore more the appearance of a costermonger") was accused of having robbed a builder. He was acquitted. Of interest however is his rather specialised claim to be "principal French horn and bugle player, and music copyer, at the New Theatre" (though for Speed the plough, the band of the 21st Fusileers had performed).


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (21 March 1837), 10

James Cantwell, William Mason, James Clark and William Jones, were each fined 5s. for drunkenness.

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (28 March 1837), 8

Mr. John William Winch, stating himself "Builder, in Murray-street," complained of James Clark, (calling himself a Musician and Music Master, but with his old rough ragged coat, a face of all colors and only a faint view of the place where eyes should be seen, bore more the appearance of a costermonger) having robbed him. Clark had been apprehended by warrant on oath of Winch, for stealing a shirt and other articles, and what appeared strange, had taken them in Winch's presence. On being called on by his Worship to explain, he stated he lodged with the complainant, and had taken his own things only; that being principal French horn and bugle player, and music copyer, at the New Theatre, where his services were required, he hoped his Worship would discharge him. He was about further explaining the nature of the last fight and a little of the bye-play in which Mr. Winch's name was introduced, but was suddenly stopped for the complainant to confirm his former statement, when on cross-examination for defendant, he partly admitted prisoner's defence, and expressed a wish to close the piece without any more of Mr. Clark's music. As no felony was proved, the curtain dropped.


CLARK, Charles Miller (the elder)

Dancing master, ? violinist

Born Lanakshire, Scotland, ? 7 October 1811 (elder brother of John Clark, below)
? Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by June 1840
Arrived Maitland, NSW, by c.1841
Died West Maitland, NSW, 14 January 1870 (in the 60th year of his age) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Charles was the eldest son of Nicol Clark (c.1791-1854) and Margaret Dunbar (c.1789-1856), originally from Lanakshire in Scotland, and one of three brothers all active as dancing masters in Australia. His younger brother John (see below), was probably the first member of the family to arrive, a "Mr. Clark" reportedly an emigrant on the John Barry in mid 1837.

A "Charles Clark", teacher of dancing and violin, briefly advertised his arrival in Melbourne in June 1840, only two months after our Clark's parents and other siblings arrived in NSW.

A year later Charles was in Maitland, NSW. At the inquest into his wife's death in 1863, he was "a master of dancing, residing in Devonshire-street, West Maitland". After his death early in 1871, his dancing academy was taken over by his nephew from Sydney, also Charles Miller Clark (son of William Clark, below), who by 1875 was also a West Maitland music-seller.


[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (3 June 1840), 2 

Tuition in Dancing. MR. CHARLES CLARK, Teacher of Dancing, Respectfully announces to the Public of Melbourne and its vicinity, his arrival in the Colony, and intention of following his profession in Melbourne. Mr. Clark will be ready after Thursday next to devote his attention to the tuition of families and schools, in all the fashionable dances now practised in Paris, London, and Edinburgh, viz.: - Quadrilles, Waltzes, Gallopades, Mazourkas, &c., &c.; and he trusts that from his long experience in his profession, he will succeed in giving satisfaction to such parents and guardians as may honor him with their patronage. Cards of address may he obtained on application at the Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins-street. Lessons on the Violin, 2nd June.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (2 July 1840), 3 

TUITION IN DANCING, MR. C. CLARKE, Teacher of Dancing BEGS leave respectfully to inform the Public that he has taken the house in Bourke-street, recently occupied by Dr. Cotter, and is now ready to receive Pupils for his public or private classes.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 January 1843), 3 

Dancing and Calisthenic Exercises. MR. C. M. CLARK, in returning thanks to the inhabitants of Maitland and its vicinity for the patronage he has received in the above profession for the last two years, takes the opportunity of informing the heads of Boarding Schools and of private families that he is now ready to receive pupils at his own residence, or to attend upon their respective establishments, at any place within one day's ride of Maitland. West Maitland, January 19, 1843.

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1843), 2

DECEMBER . . . Friday, 29. . . . Chas. Miller Clark, 1 . . .

"JUVENILE BALL", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 July 1847), 3 

We have been given to understand that Mr. C. M. Clark, of Maitland, intends giving a ball to his pupils on Friday, the 6th of August; and we have no doubt that the ball-room will be pretty crowded, more especially as balls and other public parties have for a long time been "few and far between."

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (6 August 1863), 2

Our readers, more especially those belonging to the older generation, will experience regret upon hearing that a very old Maitland townsman, Mr. C. M. Clark, the dancing-master, of Devonshire-street, is dead. We believe that Mr. Clark had lived in Maitland for nearly if not quite forty years. Mr. Clark had an attack of paralysis some little time since, and had never completely recovered. He died on Thursday.

"DEATH OF AN OLD MAITLAND RESIDENT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (15 January 1870), 2 

"DEATH", Empire (15 January 1870), 1 

Died, on the 14th instant, at his late residence, West Maitland, Charles Miller Clark, for many years teacher of dancing to Glasgow, Scotland (and the Hunter River district), eldest son of the late N. Clark, of Baulkham Hills, Windsor Road, and eldest brother to Mr. John Clark, of the Colonnade, Elizabeth-street North, Sydney, in the 60th year of his age.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 February 1871), 1


Dancing master, professor of dancing

Born Scotland, c.1814
Arrived Sydney, NSW, July/August 1837 (emigrant per John Barry)
Died Sydney, NSW, 1 June 1871, "aged 57" / "in the 57th year of his age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)


John Clark was the second son of Nicol Clark (c.1791-1854), publican of Parramatta and Baulkum Hills. According to Clark's obituary (1871), he had arrived in Sydney 31 years earlier (1840).

At least one of the dancing-master Clarks was, in May 1838, "very recently arrived in the colony", and earlier still, on New Year's Day 1838, a "Mr. Clark" had danced a highland fling at the Emigrants' Annual Ball. And again in May, plausibly the same Mr. Clark, reportedly an emigrant on the John Barry (arrived mid 1837), danced a highland fling at the theatre.

"J. Clark, Professor of Dancing, Macquarie-street" is unambiguously identified in 1840. Mons. Charriere recommended his former pupils to Clark on his departure form the colony in 1843. Clark again danced a highland fling at a masonic benefit for the orchestra leader John Gibbs at the Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1849.

Clark held his annual ball for the first time at his New Assembly Rooms in Elizabeth-Street North, on New Year's Day 1846, and remained in the same premises for the rest of the 30 years during which he was "principal dancing master" of the colony. He judged a Scottish dancing contest at Sydney's New Year "Highland Gathering" in 1871, and died in June that year.


"THE EMIGRANTS' ANNUAL BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 January 1838), 2

. . . After supper the "Highland Fling" was danced in full costume by Mr. Clark, one of the stewards, and encored by the united plaudits of the whole assemblage . . .

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 May 1838), 2

Lovers of good dancing may enjoy a treat to their heart's content at Mr. Clark's Dancing Academy, opposite the School of Industry, Macquarie-street, any Tuesday or Friday evening after 7 o'clock. Mr. Clark has only very recently arrived in the colony, and his pupils have already attained to an amazing proficiency in the art of tripping it "on the light fantastic toe."

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (18 May 1838), 2 

. . . A Mr. Clarke, an emigrant by the John Barry, made his appearance for the first time on the boards, and danced a Highland Fling, and a hornpipe, both of which were encored . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (8 July 1840), 2

ASSEMBLY BALL. MR. J. CLARK intends giving his Pupils a Ball on Friday, July 10, in his new Rooms, King-street, when the Parents and Guardians of his Pupils are most respectfully requested to attend. Tickets of admission may be had of Mr. Clark, at his residence, King-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 December 1845), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (16 June 1849), 3

"THE HIGHLAND GATHERING", Empire (3 January 1871), 2

"DEATHS", Empire (2 June 1871), 1

"DEATH OF MR. JOHN CLARK", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1871), 5

Mr. John Clark, a well-known and much respected citizen, died yesterday, at his residence, near the corner of Hunter-street and Elizabeth street. For some days previous Mr. Clark had been suffering severely from asthma, the symptoms of which were aggravated by a very serious attack of influenza, the combined effects of which gradually prostrated the energies of the invalid. He was attended by Dr. Nathan, and everything was done that could be done to promote his convalescence, but he died somewhat suddenly yesterday morning, at 7 o'clock, from the bursting of a blood-vessel. He was found by one of the members of his family in his room in a dying state, having apparently fallen out of bed in a fit. Two friends of Mr. Clark, Mr. George Commins and Mr. John Gribben, were at once called in by the agonised family, but it was found that the vital spark had fled. Mr. Clark was 57 years of age, and was a very old colonist, having been a resident of Sydney for the last 31 years. He was remarkable for the urbanity of his manners and his kindly disposition, and he will be long remembered with a very general regret. As a member of the Masonic body he is understood to have ranked high having been the Deputy Provincial Grand Master of the Irish Constitution. His Lodge was the "Leinster Marine," No. 266. He was Past Principal in the Royal Arch, and had, we believe, gone through all, or nearly all, of the higher degrees of masonry. He stood very high in the estimate of the whole craft, and was liked by all. It is understood that he is to be buried with Masonic honours tomorrow, in the Balmain Cemetery, at 2 p.m.

CLARK, William

Professor of dancing

Born c. 1827
Active Parramatta, Sydney, Windsor, NSW, c.1848-59
? Died Athol Gardens, Bradley's Head, NSW, 1 June 1882, aged 55


A younger brother of John Clark and Charles Miller Clark (the elder), above, in 1848 "WILLIAM CLARK, Professor of Dancing, Parramatta" announced that he would also teach from city premises in Pitt-street. He was still running a Dancing Academy in Pitt Street and a Subscription Ball at Windsor in 1859. His son, Charles Miller Clark (the younger) was also a dancing master.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1848), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1882), 1

CLARK, Charles Miller (junior)

Music seller, professor of dancing

Born NSW, 1849
Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, 1870s
Died Edgecliff, NSW, 8 April 1931


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1872), 1 


Tenor and countertenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1826; until ? 1835 (but see below)


In the first Sydney Amateur Concert in June 1826, Mr. Clarke sang in Callcott's glee Peace to the souls of the heroes and in a duet Now at Moon-light's Fairy hour, and at the second concert was judged by the Gazette to be "a gentleman who promises to become a considerable acquisition to the vocal department".

He continued to appear throughout the series, and (evidence that he was at least semi-professional) took his benefit in January 1827. He certainly reappeared in concerts in 1829 and 1831, and probably also in 1834.

By 1835, however, there were at least two, and possibly three male musicians named Clark/Clarke active in Sydney, appearing in concerts and at the theatre (none of them known to be related to the Hobart-based theatre singer Anne Remens Clarke, who first worked in Sydney theatre in 1838). A "Mr. Clark . . . favoured the company with songs" at a St. George's Day Dinner as well as singing in Thomas Stubbs's concert, both in April 1835.

According to Columbus Fitzpatrick, Francis Clarke the architect, who arrived in the colony in 1833, was singing at St. Mary's in the mid 1830s. However, it may also be that the Clark referred to as singing there in May 1836 was the above.

See also the complete record of the 1826-27 concert series: 


"AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (9 June 1826), 4

. . . DR. CALLCOTT's fine composition, "Peace to the souls of the heroes," was sung with much effect by Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, Clarke, and Kavannagh . . . "Now at Moon-light's Fairy hour" is a charming song, - Mr. Clarke's voice possesses much sweetness and modulation; but he wanted confidence, so essential in a public singer. "The Witch's Glee" and "Glorious Apollo" were deservedly encored . . .

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1826), 3

. . . "See our Oars," a delightful glee for 4 voices, by Sir John Stevenson, followed the overture, and was very effectively given by Messrs. Kavenagh, Clark (a gentleman who promises to become a considerable acquisition to the vocal department), Edwards, and Sippy, and was ably supported by a train of judicious and effective accompaniments by the latter gentleman, who presided at the pianoforte . . .

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5 

. . . Mr. Clarke was not present in the Orchestra - we consider the latter gentleman, with Mr. Blanch, and Mr. Edwards, able to execute every thing required by an Australian audience . . .

"FOURTH CONCERT", The Monitor (11 August 1826), 5 

. . . "Alls Well" is a song that requires greater powers than Messrs. Clarke and Levey can command. Still, however, they accomplished their arduous task in a very agreeable manner, and the song was received with just applause . . .

"MR. EDWARDS'S BENEFIT", The Monitor (25 August 1826), 5 

. . . "It was a Friar of Orders grey," brought forward Mrs. Jones and Mr. Clarke, who, assisted by Mr. E., executed it in a pleasing manner . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (26 August 1826), 3

. . . Mrs. Jones, Messrs. Edwards and Clark, next recited a glee. The female voice was evidently weak, but not devoid of sweetness. Mr. Clark's counter-tenor did him infinite credit . . .

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2

"Amateur Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 September 1826), 3 

. . . Rossini's Overture to Tancredi commenced the second part, after which Mr. Clark sang the beautiful Scotch ballad, "Kelvin Grove" with an union of sweetness and spirit seldom surpassed. It was listened to with a silence scarcely disturbed by respiration, and the effect it produced is almost indescribable. It is needless to add that this song was encored by a simultaneous impulse. The "Canadian Boat Glee" for three voices, Messrs. Clark, Paul, and Edwards . . .

[News], The Monitor (29 September 1826), 5 

. . . Mr. Clarke took a new style of songs this evening, in which he was eminently successful . . .

"Amateur Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 September 1826), 3 

. . . Tom Starboard, sung with much taste and feeling by Mr. Clark, was encored, as also two glees by Messrs. Clark, Paul, and Edwards . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (30 September 1826), 3 

. . . Mr. Clark attempted a sea song; his voice was but ill adapted for it; it did not succeed well . . .

"MR. SIPPE'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Monitor (13 October 1826), 5

. . . Bishop's admired "Overture to the Miller and his Men" was a soul-inspiring performance, and put the audience in proper temper to listen to the mellow tones of Mr. Clarke, who never acquitted himself more respectably than on this occasion . . . "Now at moon-light's fairy hour," by Messrs. Edwards and Clarke, is a good duet - the words were rather apropos . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Monitor (8 December 1826), 3

. . . A very popular air now singing in London by Madame Vestris, "Cherry Ripe," was rapturously encored, as was a pathetic ballad "Oh Rosa, when you quit the spot," in which the protege of public favour, Mr. Clarke, came off with distinguished eclat . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (30 December 1826), 2 

SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT, MR. LORD'S ROOMS, MACQUARIE PLACE. MR. CLARKE HAS THE HONOR T0 announce to the Lovers of Harmony, that Tuesday, the 9th of January, 1827, is fixed for the next Concert, for which a very choice selection of musical pieces, vocal and instrumental, are in rehearsal. In course of the evening, Mr. C. will introduce, by desire, Braham's much-admired Scottish ballad, "Let us Haste to Kelvin Grove" . . .

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2  

Mr. CLARKE'S Benefit Concert took place on Tuesday evening, and, we regret to say, was but thinly attended. How such happened to be the case we can hardly account for, particularly when we remember, that during the season of the Amateur Concerts, Mr. CLARKE contributed in no trifling degree to their success, and, as we are given to understand, not only afforded the aid of his talents, which are far from inconsiderable, but devoted a very large portion of his time towards furthering the views of the Amateur Society, without receiving the slightest remuneration. Under such circumstances, it was but reasonable that he should look forward towards efficient support on this occasion, and none who have experienced pleasure from his successful exertions to add to the attractions of the Sydney Amateur Concert, can help regretting that he failed in reaping that reward to which he was most unquestionably entitled. An unaccountable apathy seemed to have prevailed; where the blame lay we cannot, nor do we pretend to say, but blame certainly is attachable somewhere . . .

. . . Braham's beautiful ballad, "Let us haste to Kelvin grove," and the song "O share my Cottage," by Mr. CLARKE, all of which were received with the most rapturous applause, and honoured with an unanimous encore. "Kelvin Grove" is particularly adapted to Mr. CLARKE'S style of singing, and the beautiful pathos of the air and words, whereby "the sound is made an echo to the sense," was most effectively preserved in the delivery. In fact, we have scarcely heard any thing more pleasing, nor which appeared to impart more general satisfaction; and this is particularly worthy of remark, as a thin auditory is not in general the greatest stimulus to successful exertions, even in those who are the most disinterested . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (18 September 1829), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1829), 2 

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3 

. . . The other entertainments consisting of two songs and two glees by Amateurs, were highly creditable to the singers, one of whom, Mr. Clarke, was an old favourite at the Sydney Amateur Concerts . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 February 1831), 2 

. . . Mr. Clarke, an old and very deserving favourite at the Sydney Amateur Concerts, sung "It is the Hour", a Serenade, the music by Reeve, with much sweetness and feeling, and was rapturously encored . . .

? "THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2 

. . . The duet, As it fell upon a day, by Mrs. Bird and Mr. Clarke was, in our opinion, one of the most effective of the vocal performances of the evening. Here's a health to thee Tom Moore, the words by Lord Byron, was very tastefully sung by Mr. Clarke, and deservedly applauded . . .

? "THE CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (25 April 1835), 3 

Mr. Stubbs' Concert, at the Royal Hotel, on Tuesday evening last [21 April], went off with the most perfect eclat to a crowded and respectable audience. . . Mrs. Rust made her appearance in the beautiful duet of Bishop's Oh! Maiden Fair, with a gentleman named Clark, and we must confess ourselves disqualified to point out its varied beauties - it was a first-rate exhibition of vocal talent. At its conclusion followed one of the most noisy bursts of applause we have heard for some years, forming a strange contrast with the recent mellifluous tones. This lady also sung the song of Lo! here gentle lark, and another duet with Mr. Clark, When thy bosom heaves a sigh . . .

? "St. George's Dinner", The Sydney Monitor (25 April 1835), 2

On Thursday evening [23 April] about one hundred and ten gentlemen sat down to an excellent dinner at the Pulteney. . .. The President proposed the health of Mr. Edye Manning and Mr. Clark who had favoured the company with songs. (Three times three), Air - March. Mr. Clark for himself and Mr. M. returned thanks . . .

? "ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

WE copy the following article from The Australian of the 24th ult.:

"The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's' Church last Sunday . . . The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. Clark, and the bass by Mr. Bushell . . . "



Active Sydney, NSW, 1835 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


At the Theatre Royal in May 1835 Mr. Clarke was billed as "leader of the Band" from the forthcoming season, and is mentioned as a fiddle player in the theatre orchestra (along with Spyer and Cavendish) in June 1835.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3

. . . The Lessees are highly gratified in informing the Public, that they have succeeded in engaging all the first Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen; viz.- Leader of the Band, Mr. Clarke; Violins, Messrs. Spyer, Johnson, Dyer, and Scott; Principal Flute, Mr. Stubbs; Violincello and Grand Pianoforte, Mr. Cavendish. Clarionetts, Messrs. Turner and Sharp; Bassoons, Messrs. Hoare and Ball; Bugle, Mr. Pappin; Drums, Mr. Vaughan . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2

. . . Mrs T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw.


Soprano vocalist, actor, dancer, theatre manager

CLARKE, Michael

? Theatre musician, former military bandsman, vocalist, actor

Active Australia 1834 to 1847

See main page: 


Vocalist (? tenor), architect

Born 1801
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1833
Died QLD, 16 December 1884, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In June 1836, a "Mr. Clark" sang tenor in the choir at St. Mary's (along with Cavendish, Wallace, Deane, John Bushell(e) and Mrs. Rust).

According to Columbus Fitzpatrick, Francis Clarke the architect, who arrived in the colony in 1833, sang at St. Mary's around this time. However, it may also be that the Clark referred to was the tenor Mr. Clarke above.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1833), 3

MR. FRANCIS CLARKE, Architect, and Surveyor (late Architectural Draftsmen to DECIMUS BURTON, Esq., and Measuring Surveyor to John Nash, Esq., attached Architects to the Board of Works London), begs to inform the Public he has taken the House No. 53, South-end of Clarence-street, Sydney . . .

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

WE copy the following article from The Australian of the 24th ult.:

"The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's' Church last Sunday . . . The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. Clark, and the bass by Mr. Bushell . . . "

This article undoubtedly exhibits the character of the Protestantism of The Australian as vividly as it does that of the Romanism of St. Mary's . . . To think of all the fiddlers and dancing-masters of the colony congregated on the Lord's day in the Roman Catholic chapel and engaged, under the direction of the Roman Catholic priesthood, in celebrating an act of divine worship - what a piece of gross profanation . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 June 1836), 2 

We are much pleased in being enabled to state, that a Society under the above designation is rapidly progressing. A Meeting of its promoters took place on Wednesday evening last at the house of Mr. Deane, when Mr. Francis Clark having been called to the chair, several resolutions (of which we are promised a copy) were adopted. Mr. W. Wallace is to be the leader, and a deputation will wait upon His Excellency the Governor, to solicit him to become the Patron, which, from the readiness be has always shewn to encourage institutions of this nature, will no doubt be favourably responded to. The Philharmonic Society may therefore be now considered as effectually put in operation, and it will only require tho lovers of real harmony, whether Professors or Amateurs, (both of whom are, we learn, invited) to come forward at ouce to ensure its complete success.


. . . Mr. Clarke the architect was a fine singer also lent his aid . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Otto Cserhalmi, Francis Clarke, architect 1801-1884, his life and work (B. Arch. thesis, University of New South Wales, 1974) 

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

"Hort Brown, Theresa (1836-1927)", Obituaries Australia 

. . . Mrs. Hort-Brown was the widow of Dr. Henry Hort-Brown, of Maryborough, Queensland. Her father, Mr. Francis Clark, came from England about 90 years ago with letters of introduction from the Chancellor of the Exchequer to Sir Richard Bourke and Sir Thomas Mitchell, the latter being head of the Surveyor-General's Office at that time. Mr. Clark was an architect, and designed several of the public buildings of the day, notably St. Patrick's Church on Church Hill, and certain details of St. Mary's Cathedral. He had brought with him from England his wife, formerly Miss Margaret Robertson. The late Mrs. Hort-Brown was christened in St. James' Church, King-street . . .

CLARKE, Hamilton (James Hamilton CLARKE; Mr.Hamilton CLARKE)

Conductor, organist, composer

Born Birmingham, England, 25 January 1840
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 22 July 1889 (per Garonne, from England)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1891
Died Banstead, Surrey, England 9 July 1912 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary (after Wikipedia, 8 June 2013):

In 1889, Clarke went to Australia, where he succeeded Frederick Cowen as conductor of the Victorian National Orchestra in Melbourne. He was also made inspector of Australian army bands, and given the honorary rank of Captain. He did not enjoy Melbourne; after returning to England in 1892, he gave a talk describing his experiences, giving "many valuable hints . . . to those who might think of accepting appointments in the Australian Colonies" ("Royal College of Organists", Musical News, 9 December 1893, 500). His comments drew a rejoinder from an Australian writer who accused him of "incompetence and lack of interest" while in Melbourne (G. G. M., "Music in Australia", Magazine of Music, June 1894, 129).



"MR. HAMILTON CLARKE", The Argus (23 July 1889), 6


"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (10 August 1912), 9 Images

Bibliography and resources:

"Hamilton Clarke", Wikipedia

CLARKE, Jacob Richard (J. R. CLARKE)

Music publisher and retailer

Born Taunton, Somerset, England; baptised Taunton St. Mary, 11 October 1821
Married Louisa Hughes, Wollaston, Northamptonshire, England, 1 August 1846 Arrived Sydney, NSW, by May 1850 (? via New Zealand)
Active Sydney, NSW, as J. R. Clarke, until September 1850, "Printseller, 333 George Street"
Active Sydney, NSW, as J. R. Clarke, October 1850 to 1851, "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Active Sydney, NSW, as Woolcott and Clarke, April/July 1851 until August 1856, "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Active Sydney, NSW, as J. R. Clarke, August 1856- , "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 12 July 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Taunton St. Mary Magdalene in the County of Somerset in the year 1821 (register 1813-26, 168)

No. 1337 / [Baptized] 1821, October 11 / Jacob Richard / John and Mary Clarke / Fore Street / Sadler / [officiant] H. Bower

Wollaston parish registers, 1837-1867, 34

[1846] No. 68 / [Married] 1st August / Jacob Richard Clarke, Louisa Hughes / [both] of full age / Bachelor, Spinster / Warehouse-man / [Living at the time in] London / [Father] John Clarke, Saddler . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1851), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1864), 2 

MUSIC, BOOK, and PRINT DEPOSITORY . . . 356, George-street (late Clarke's), Sydney. READING and WELLBANK beg respectfully to announce to their friends and the public of New South Wales, that they have purchased from the trustees of the estate of Mr. J. R. Clarke, the whole of the Stock, comprising Music, Oil Paintings, Engravings, Framed and Unframed Lithographic and other Prints, Photographs, Stereoscopes and Slides, Photographic Albums . . .
The large and choice selection of printed music, vocal and instrumental, for which the establishment is already celebrated, will be supplemented by monthly importations - per Overland Mail - of every new and popular publication from London.
Catalogues of the principal Songs, Pieces, &c., are in course of preparation, and, when ready, may be had on application gratis . . .

"A BIT OF THE PAST", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (29 October 1904), 13

[1893; repr. 1904] Our obituary of to-day announces the death of another old citizen, who was for many years connected with the progress of literature and art in this city, Mr. J. R Clarke. For many years Mr. Clarke, of George-street, was known as one of the leading booksellers and music publishers of Sydney. He was long associated with the late Mr. W. P. Woolcott, and the title pages of many of the music albums, and of the principal pieces of music published in the colony, bore the imprint of Clarke and Woolcott, and later of J. R. Clarke, especially those of Boulanger, Henry Marsh, and other well known pianists of 35 years ago. Mr. Clarke's Repository of Music was the resort of all the musical and dramatic artists of those days. Here were constantly to be met Lucy Escott, Catherine Hayes, Madame Anna Bishop, Madame Sara Elizabeth Flower, the Carandinis, Rosalie Durand, the brothers Lyster, Squires, Farquharson, Armes Beaumont, G. V. Brooke, Kitts, Kean, Booth, and almost every other celebrated artist who visited our shores. Mr. Clarke's knowledge of pictures, and especially of every class of engraving, was proverbial, and he was an acknowledged authority on the subject of church architecture. He studied the subject at Taunton, his native place. Mr. Clarke was 72 years of age. In late years he kept an art repository in Pitt-street, near Bridge-street, and subsequently held a Government appointment. He has left a grown up family.

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Clarke, Jacob Richard (1822-1893)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Neidorf 1999, 144-149 (J. R. Clarke), 245-50 (Woolcott and Clarke), and many other references (DIGITISED)


W. P. Woolcott (business partner, 1851-56)


Musician, band leader

Active Maitland, NSW, 1842


At the Subscription Ball at Cox's Hotel, East Maitland on 30 September 1842:

The orchestre (under the management of Mr. James Clarke, who acted as leader) was placed at one end of the room, elevated on a platform, ornamented with evergreens and a variety of flags. The music, which was excellent and spirited to the last, and provided from Maitland, consisted of first and second violin, violoncello, flute, and trombone.


"MAITLAND. SUBSCRIPTION BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1842), 3


Professor of Music

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865


Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 57, 183

CLARKE, William

Professor of Music, music and instrument retailer, pianist, piano tuner and repairer

Born Cockermouth, England, ? 9 July 1801
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 11 April 1841 (per Argyle, from Liverpool, 7 November 1840)
Died Prahran, VIC, 13 April 1866, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

? CLARKE, William (junior)

Organist, pianist

Born ? Liverpool, England, 1828



[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (28 April 1841), 2 

MUSIC, MR. CLARKE, Professor of Music, respeclfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Melbourne and its neighbourhood, that he gives instruction on the Pianoforte, Organ, and in Singing. His terms may be known at his residence, No. 8, Cleveland Terrace, Eastern Hill. Schools attended. Mr. C. has for sale, several excellent fine toned Pianofortes. Pianofortes tuned and repaired.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (26 July 1841), 3 

HAS the honor to announce, that a Concert of Vocal and instrumental Music will take place this Evening, the 26th instant, at the Lodge Room of the Royal Exchange Hotel, at seven o'clock, under the especial patronage of The Lodge of Australia Felix.
Upon this occasion, a number of gentlemen Amateurs have kindly tendered their powerful assistance.
Overture (full Orchestra) - GAUTROT.
Masonic Glee "Hail, the Craft" - PANCY.
Duett (Piano and Violin) - HERZ et LAFONT.
Witches' Glee - M. P. SANDS. [King]
Air - (Madame Guutrot), a la Catalani (accompanied by Mr. Clark on the Piano) - RHODE. [Rode]
Variations on the Violin - AMATEUR.
Waltz - (By Amateurs), on two Violins, Flute, Clarionet, Violincello, Bassoon, Trombone, two Cornets, double Bass, arranged by M. Gautrot.
Military March (full Orchestra) - GAUTROT.
Romance du pre aux Clercs, (Madame Gautrot) - WILDE.
Air - (With variations by M. Gautrot) - DE BERIOT.
Air - (Pianoforte And Flute) - AMATEURS.
Air - Du Proscrit (Md. Gautrot) - AUBER.
Finale - God save the Queen.
Mr. CLARK will preside at the Pianoforte.
Tickets - 10s. 6d. each, to be procured at the Royal Exchange Hotel; Kerr & Holmes' Book and Stationery Warehouse; and of M. Gautrot.

"COLONIAL INTELLIGENCE", Portland Guardian (31 December 1842), 3

The Organ Committee of the Wesleyan Chapel have fixed upon Monday fortnight 9th January, for this grand festival to take place. For several weeks past preparations have been made under the able superintendence of Mr. Clarke, to bring out the vocal talent of the province on the opening of the new organ, but difficulties, which are now happily overcome, stood in the way. Several amateurs of first-rate talent have volunteered their services, and as the selections are from the admired sacred music of Handel, Haydon, Mozart, and other eminent composers, the public may expect a rich treat. Mr. Clarke, the talented organist, will preside at the new instrument.

"Port Phillip. THE ORATORIO", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1843), 2

"MELBOURNE", Portland Guardian (22 April 1843), 3

? "ST FRANCIS' CHURCH", Morning Chronicle (5 November 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (16 June 1846), 3

"THE COMING ELECTIONS", The Melbourne Argus (30 October 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (30 October 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (22 January 1847), 3

"APPOINTMENTS", Geelong Advertiser (27 April 1847), 2

The Trustees of the Church of England have appointed Mr. W. Clarke, Jun. to the situation of Organist.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (30 June 1849), 1

Singing on the Hullah or Wilhelm System. WM. CLARKE, (Organist of Christ's Church,) WISHES to inform Members of the Congregation and others, that he has been kindly permitted to hold a class in the School House, on Monday and Thursday evenings, of each week, for the above purpose; in addition to which, and in the course of the system, will be introduced the method of Chaunting.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 May 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 July 1849), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 July 1849), 1

[News], The Argus (1 April 1866), 5

We have to record the decease of another old colonist, in the person of Mr. William Clarke, the gold-broker, of Elizabeth-street. Mr. Clarke arrived here some five-and-twenty years ago, and for a long period followed the practice of his profession, as a musician. As an organist, Mr. Clarke was for many years without a rival in Melbourne, and he was also well versed in the theory of music. Immediately after the gold discovery, Mr. Clarke commenced the business of a gold-broker, in which he has ever since been engaged. The deceased gentleman was much esteemed by all who knew him, for the simplicity of his character, and for his bon hommie and geniality of disposition.

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 April 1866), 4

"VICTORIA", The Brisbane Courier (24 April 1866), 3

"SUMMARY FOR EUROPE BY THE MADRAS", The Age (25 April 1866), 1 supplement

During the month an old colonist, whose name is intimately associated with one of our greatest producing interests, has passed away from us. Mr. William Clarke, the senior partner of the firm of William Clarke and Sons, died at the age of sixty-five on the 13th inst., the immediate cause of death being aneurism of the aorta, the melancholy event being precipitated by violent spasms in the stomach, with which the deceased gentleman was seized, a few hours before his death. Up to that time he was in the enjoyment of his usual health and spirits. Mr. Clarke was a native of Cockermouth, and was educated for the musical profession. Up to his latest hour he was affectionately devoted to music in all its forms, but especially to the organ, upon which instrument he was one of our most accomplished performers. In Liverpool he was organist at the Edgehill Church, of which the then incumbent was Dr. Barker, now Bishop of Sydney. Mr. Clarke brought his family to Victoria (then the district of Port Phillip) in 1841. For some time he continued to teach music, and the first organ ever imported was planned by Mr. Clarke. But, as is not unusual in new countries, Mr. Clarke gradually became interested in commercial pursuits, and with success. He was one of the first buyers of gold after its discovery here, and opened a melting and assaying establishment. In one shape or other, a very large proportion of the entire gold yield of the colony has passed through the hands of his firm. Through this, and a general connection with mining, Mr. Clarke's name became a household word wherever the digger pitched his tent. His directness and simplicity of character won for him general respect and confidence. He was of genial disposition, and his uniform cheerfulness attracted a wide circle of friends, who regarded him with strong personal affection. Mr. Clarke was formerly a member of the city council of Melbourne, and at the time of his death was a councillor of the borough of Prahran, where he resided. The interment was attended by an unusually large assemblage of friends; and some of the leading members of that profession to which Mr. Clarke was so enthusiastically devoted took part in an impressive musical service, Mr. C. E. Horsley presiding at the organ. Of Mr. William Clarke it may with confidence be said that he leaves behind him hosts of friends and not one enemy.

CLASEN, Madame and Miss (CLASEN; CLASIN)

Vocalist, pianist

? Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (6 October 1852), 4 

We hear great things of the preparations for the Concert of tomorrow evening. The programme is not yet issued, but we understand that no fewer than four lady singers will appear, Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Pellatt, a Madame Clasen, and a Miss Hall. Miss Clasen is to perform on the piano, as well as Master Stevens, who was so warmly encored on Thursday last, and the Concert is to be still further enriched by a German chorus or two, and by the efforts of a gentleman amateur. Herr Mater is very active and enterprising and deserves encouragement.

CLAUS, Jenny


Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1873 (per Racer, from Mauritius)
Departed (1) Brisbane, QLD, 19 June 1875 (per R.M.S. Brisbane, for Batavia)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 14 September 1876 (per City of San Francisco, from Honolulu)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 20 October 1876 (per City of New York, for San Francisco)



See also accompanist and manager of her first tour, Joseph REKEL.


Also Edouard Manet, The Balcony (1869), Jenny Claus standing; and Manet: Portrait of Mademoiselle Claus (1868)


[News], The Argus (20 March 1873), 5

A fresh addition to the musical talent of the colony has just been made by the appearance of M. Rekel and Miss Rekel, and Miss Claus, who arrived from Mauritius yesterday, in the barque Racer. Each of the three has a specialty, Miss Claus having a reputation as a violinist, Miss Rekel as a vocalist, and M. Rekel as a pianist and composer; and from journalistic records in their possession, their performances in London, Paris, and elsewhere seem to have been meritorious.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1873), 8

"A crowded and fashionable audience . . .", Empire (18 April 1873), 2

"DEPARTURES", The Queenslander (26 June 1875), 12

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (23 September 1876), 31

"SOCIAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1876), 7

"INTERCOLONIAL TELEGRAMS", The Mercury (27 October 1876), 4

"MDLLE. ILMA DE MURSKA", Launceston Examiner (31 October 1876), 5

. . . Mr. John Hill gave a violin solo "Fantasia caprice (sur La Traviata)" in splendid style. As a violinist he is far superior to Jenny Claus, whose success was chiefly owing to her skill in sliding from note to note - an artifice that is likely to captivate a mixed assembly. Mr. Hill on the contrary strikes his notes at once distinct and full . . .



Born ? Belgium, c. 1830
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 March 1854 (per Doctrina et Amicitia, from London)
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 June 1854, aged 24 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1854), 1 

UNPRECEDENTED NOVELTY. - Preliminary Notice. - Osborne's troupe of talented artists have arrived from London, per Doctrina et Amicitia . . . Master J. Bradley, the infant vocalist; Madlle. Elise Clauss, the well known pianist from the Wednesday evening concerts, Exeter Hall . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 April 1854), 3 

"ROYAL OLYMPIC ARENA", Illustrated Sydney News (13 May 1854), 4 

We were both surprised and pleased by a visit to this place of amusement, which was thrown open to the public on Tuesday evening. . . . We should be unjust if we omitted to notice the very striking pianoforte-playing, of Mdlle. Elise Clauss. This young lady possesses a real genius for music, and would be an acquisition to the most fashionable concert. She plays with taste and feeling, her execution is brilliant, and her touch is light, yet decided. Indeed, the pleasure of hearing Mdlle. Clauss's playing would alone be worth the price of admission. On the whole, we were highly pleased with the performances at the Olympic; and, as this new theatre becomes more generally known, we predict for it an increasing success.

"INQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1854), 2 

A fourth inquest was held yesterday, at the Three Tuns Tavern, corner of Elizabeth and King streets, on view of the body of Elise Clauss, then lying dead in the Sydney Infirmary. Charles White, residing at Mr. Osborne's, in Castlereagh-street, deposed as follows: Mr. Osborne is the lessee of the Olympic Theatre. The deceased was pianist in the theatre; she was a foreigner (I believe from Belgium); she was 24 years of age; I am the agent for Mr. Osborne. On Monday night week last, previously to the commencement of the performances, I as usual rang the bell for the musicians to go in; immediately after ringing I saw the deceased at the ladies' dressing room ready to go in; I spoke to her and then went out; I was in the act of going up the passage leading to Castlereagh-8treet, when I heard a cry of fire; this was about ten minutes after my seeing the deceased; I immediately rushed to the pit door, thinking the Circus was on fire, but finding that all right, I came out again, when I observed the dressing room much lighter than usual; I hastened to the spot instantly, and met the deceased at the stage entrance enveloped in flames; I instantly clasped her in my arms and threw her down on the floor, and rolled her over again, by which means I succeeded in extinguishing the flames in about half a minute, but not before the deceased was severely burned. She was attired in a light muslin dress with slight under-clothes; she was burned to the stays. Medical aid was promptly sent for, and in a few minutes surgeon Houston arrived and applied the usual remedies. The next morning it was thought advisable to remove her to the Infirmary, where she has been ever since. Mr. Nathan, surgeon, deposed to the injuries sustained, when a verdict of accidental burning was returned.


Robert James Osborne

CLAY, Frederick Lord (CLAYE)

Solicitor, musical enthusiast, importer of a pipe organ

Born Durham, England, 30 March 1813
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 18 October 1840 (per London, from London, 23 June)
Died Toorak, VIC, 3 January 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Ship News . . . IMPORTS", Melbourne Times (23 July 1842), 2 

22. - Platina, from London . . . 6 cases, Clay . . .

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", Port Phillip Gazette (20 August 1842), 3 

A splendid organ is daily expected from London for the Wesleyan chapel, Collins-street, and for which an addition will be rnade to the present building. The organ imported by Mr. Clay has been purchased by the Masonic body for £350.

[News], Port Phillip Patriot (2 January 1843), 2; transcribed Rushworth

The splendid organ lately imported by Mr. Clay has been purchased on behalf of St. James' Church, and a collection is now being made to defray the expense. The organ is on too limited a scale to be very remarkable for power, but we certainly never heard a finer instrument.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, 55-56

"Frederick Lord Clay, 1813-1885, Solicitor, early settler", Collingwood Notables Database 

CLAY, Henry Ebenezer

Poet, songwriter, composer

Born Cheshire, England, 1844
Arrived Perth, WA, January 1859 (per Swiftsure)
Died Perth, WA, 27 December 1896, aged 52 (NLA persistent identifier)


Clay worked as a government clerk. His Two and two: A Story of the Australian forest, with minor poems of colonial interest (1873), the first dedicated publication of poetry in WA, was followed by Westralian poems (1907), and Poems (1910).

His lyrics include the song Rouse thee Westralia (for Proclamation Day, 1890), set to music by "a friend", The passing bell (music by E. Jackson), and a Christmas carol set to music by William Robinson.

His own musical compositions include an Easter song ("composed and set to music by Mr. H. E. Clay, the setting of which was harmonised by Mr. Curtis", St. George's Cathedral, 1889), and the song Little one, little one mine ("words and melody by Mr. H. E. Clay").


"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (22 April 1889), 2

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Daily News (23 April 1889), 3


[Advertisement], The West Australian (16 December 1890), 3

"WESTRALIA: TO THE EDITOR", The West Australian (9 October 1890), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Western Mail (21 March 1891), 18

"MISS CLARE ROBINSON'S MUSICAL CLASSES", The West Australian (9 September 1893), 7

"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (25 December 1893), 4

"WESTRALIA", The West Australian (2 August 1930), 5

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The West Australian (28 December 1896), 4

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY EBENEZER CLAY", The West Australian (28 December 1896), 5

"DEATHS", The West Australian (31 December 1896), 4

"THE POEMS OF H. E. CLAY", Western Mail (3 December 1910), 50

Bibliography and resources:

Beverley Smith, "Clay, Henry Ebenezer (1844-1896)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Perth, Battye Library, 4308A/HS460 (volume of songs and verses by H. E. Clay); 4308A/HS466 (H. E. Clay. Miscellaneous notes, printed  verses, music scores and newspaper cuttings)

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020