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Eliza and John Bushelle and family

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "Eliza and John Bushelle and family", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 25 October 2020


(John Benjamin BUSHELL; John BUSHELL; James BUSHELL; Mr. BUSHELL; John BUSHELLE; Mr. BUSHELLE; "The Knave of Diamonds")

Bass vocalist, choir leader, professor of music, dancing, and languages

Born Limerick, Ireland, c.1805/6 [? also claimed to have been born in Alicante, Spain]
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1828 (convict per Phoenix, from England, 4 March)
Married Eliza WALLACE, Sydney, NSW, May 1839
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 July 1843 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Soprano vocalist, professor of music

Born Ireland, 4 February 1820; baptised Kilmoremoy parish, County Mayo, 8 February 1820
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1836 (bounty passenger on the James Pattison, from Cork, 31 October 1835)
Married John BUSHELL, Sydney, NSW, May 1839
Departed Sydney, NSW, 27 March 1847 (per Walmer Castle, for England)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, by October 1863
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1878, aged 56 years [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NOTE (July 2018): Several Irish databases (see also Lamb 2012, 3), record Elizabeth Wallace's birthday as 7 February; family historians George Ryan (Dublin) and Steve Ford (Sydney) kindly inform me that the original baptism record clearly reads the 4th

Combined Register for the Parish of Kilmoremoy, 8 February 1820; Dublin, CofI RCB Library P188.1.2

Elizabeth daughter of Spencer & Elizabeth Wallace
was Bron Feb[ruar]y 4th and Christened 8th Febr. 1820
Registered do. by me Wm. A. Smith

Sons of the above:

BUSHELLE, John Butler

See main entry John Butler BUSHELLE

BUSHELLE, Tobias Vincent

See main entry Tobias Vincent BUSHELLE

Summary (John)

According to the account he gave to James Reid (see below), and such as can so far be independently to verify, James Bushell (sic) was the natural son of Benjamin Bushell, of Limerick, and his wife Margaret Butler, the only daughter of Theobald Butler of Wilford Kilkenny. Sources mention the couple had a daughter Mary (b. 1799) and "youngest" son, Theobald (b.1806).

At around the age of 3 or 4, however, Bushell was adopted by his childless uncle, John Bushell, a Dublin business-man who was later in partnership in London with Myles and John MacDonnell, as "MacDonnells, Bushell, and Co."

According to a biography published in the London press after his 1827 trial (and probably based partly on his own account), he was educated, up to the age of 13 (? c.1818), at Carshalton School, in Surry, a Catholic college staffed by a community of ex-Douay English Dominican friars. He was then sent to Lisbon, though probably only briefly, to a post in an agency for his uncle's firm.

While he was abroad, however, the firm failed (? c.1818), and at 15 (? c.1820) Bushell returned to Ireland and lived for some time with his birth mother. There are references to a bass singer "Mr. Bushell", singing Mozart's "Non più andrai" in Dublin concerts in March 1820 and January 1821, the former a benefit for the actor and singer Jacob Hamerton (perhaps his teacher?), and the latter for the violinist and theatre musician John Fallon.

In London "in 1819" (?), he met and became a pupil of the bass singer Thomas Welsh (c.1780/1-1848), and briefly appeared at the theatres. However, having run into insoluble financial difficulties, he came before the courts, where "Sir R. Birnie . . . admonished him, and he showed his face no more in the Green-room."

He then went to Paris (? c.1822/3), where he is said to have gained a post with ex-Sheriff Parkins (Joseph Wilfred PARKINS) as his "valet de place", but stole his watch, was convicted of theft and imprisoned for "three years" in the Prison Sainte-Pélagie. It was after his release, in "1826", that he first became acquainted with the "Frenchman" - Perren, or Perrin - with whom he soon after travelled to London.

After Bushell was educated in London, his uncle sent him travelling in Europe, probably around 1826. During the tour, according to Reid's account (which he had from Bushell himself in Sydney in 1839), Bushell was befriended by a swindler, a Frenchman, and after his return to London became his accomplice in several robberies in 1827. Bushell was apprehended, and tried in two cases at the Old Bailey, both heard on the same day, 13 September 1827.

Both trial transcripts name the Frenchman as Perren; Bushell is called John in one (on which he was acquitted), and James in the other (sentenced to death, age 21).

On 26 November, along with 32 others sentenced to death at the Old Bailey that month, Bushell's conviction was commuted to life transportation, a then standard commutation for first convictions for non-violent crimes. He arrived in Sydney on the ship Phoenix, on 16 July 1828 (from London, 4 March), and his Australian prison career is reasonably well-documented (the following, however, since I have yet to view the documents, only from catalogue summaries):

Assigned as a house-servant in 1829 he was described as a "good singer; he served terms at Wellington Valley (1830), but thereafter appears to have been refused leave to take an assignment in Sydney (perhaps on account of the atheistical principles Reid mentions); the Revd. John Espy Keane of Bathurst applied to have him for a servant in 1831 mentioning his musical abilities; at Moreton Bay (1831-33; where he was employed "as clerk, also excellent linguist"); and at Port Macquarie.

He was evidently settled back in Sydney by mid-1836, when he was reported in the press as singing in the choir of St. Mary's Cathedral, for the reception of bishop John Bede Polding.

He was granted a ticket of leave in December that year.

My thanks (2017) to Rob Wills for sharing his research findings into JB's convict record, and to John Bishop for sharing his research into the Bushell family.


[1806] Noel Murphy (compiler), "Pedigree sketches from the Limerick Tontine Schedule 1808" (data taken in 1806; articles of agreement signed on 2 January 1807)

[4] Benjamin Bushell, Merchant Denmark Street, Limerick, [m] Margaret Butler, Alive. Mary Bushell, only daughter, age 7 (born 16 May 1799)

[1806] Edward Walford, The county families of the United Kingdom (London: Hardwicke, 1860), 93:

BUSHELL, Theobald, Esq. (of Strandtown). Youngest son of the late [as at 1860] Benjamin Bushell, Esq., of Limerick, by Margaret, dau. of Theobald Butler, Esq., of Wilford, co. Kilkenny; i. 1806.

[1814] "LONDON DIVIDENDS, Gazette, November 4", The Law Advertiser (10 November 1831), 390 

23 May 1814, MACDONNELL, Myles, John MacDonnell, and John Bushell, Broad-street, London, merchants . . .

Macdonnells, Bushelle and Co.; from 1814, the partnership consisted of Myles and John MacDonnell and John Bushell

[1818, 1821] "LINC. INN Septemb. 4. 1821, Ex parte TAAFFE and another. In the matter of MACDONNELL and BUSHELL", Cases in bankruptcy 1 (1824), 111-12 

In December 1818, "a commission of bankrupt was issued against John Macdonnell and his partner Bushelle"

And see also [1831] "RESULTS OF MEETINGS. November 29", The Law Advertiser 9/49 (8 December 1831), 437 

[Advertisement], Saunders's News-Letter [Dublin] (15 March 1820), 3

MR. HAMERTON BEGS leave to acquaint the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, that on This Evening, 15th March, HIS CONCERT Of Sacred and Miscellaneous Music Will take place in the ball-room of THE ROTUNDA. Principal Vocal Performers: Messrs. Spray, Hodson, Hamerton, Weyman, Allen, Mrs. Smyth and Miss Macdonald. Mr. Hamerton's Pupils - Master Ormsby, Master Hill, and the other Young Gentlemen of the Choir . . . SECOND PART . . . Duett, "When thy bosom heaves a sigh;" Masters Orrasby and Hill, . . . Braham; Song, Non piu Andrai, Mr. Bushell . . . Mozart . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal [London] (9 January 1821), 1

NATIONAL MUSIC. ROTUNDA ROOMS. MR. FALLON Most respectfully take leave to inform his Friends and the Public, that HIS CONCERT OF IRISH AND MISCELLANEOUS MUSIC will take place To-morrow Evening, Wednesday, Jan. 10, 1821. PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS: - Miss Byrne, Messrs. Hodson, Edmiston, Bushell, and Bedford . . . PART II . . . Song - "Non pui and rai Farfallone amoroso," Mr. Bushell, Mozart . . .


"POLICE", London Evening Standard (7 September 1827), 3

Yesterday, John Bushell, who was committed for re-examination from this office, on Thursday last, was again brought up, when a number of tradespeople attended to prefer charges against him; the two following cases were deemed sufficient: -

On the 21st of August, he went into the shop of Mr. Jones, jeweller, No. 17, Cheapside, and selected a diamond pin, and several other valuable articles, which he ordered to be sent to his address. When the articles were carried to the direction, it was found that no such person lived or was known there; and in consequence, the goods were brought back. But on examining them, Mr. Jones found that a valuable diamond pin, worth 50l. was missing. Hearing that the prisoner was to be re-examined at this office yesterday, Mr. Jones attended, and the pin, being produced, was fully recognised by him as his property. The next case was, that of defrauding a Mr. Mainwaring, jeweller, of Chancery-lane. In this instance, as on the former occasion, the prisoner had selected a variety of articles, which he ordered to be sent to his lodgings; but the messenger found that no such person was at all known there. On hearing this, Mr. Mainwaring examined his goods, and discovered that a valuable brooch was missing. The brooch being produced at the office, Mr. Mainwaring identified it as the one he missed on the day on which the prisoner was at his shop. It appeared that this unfortunate young man was in the habit of going about attended by a foreigner, in appearance a Spaniard, committing various depredations of this sort on the shop-keepers of the metropolis. He was then fully committed.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 13th September 1827 

[First trial] pages 45-46 (639-40) [first trial: 1628; t18270913-40] (DIGITISED)

Before Mr. Justice Gazelee.

1628. JOHN BUSHELL was indicted for stealing, on the 15th of August, I diamond pin, value 5l.; 1 diamond brooch, value 15l.; 2 diamond rings, value 20l., and 3 seals, value 3l., the goods of John Mainwaring, in his dwelling-house . . .

The prisoner, being called upon for his defence, read a long address to the Court, respecting his having simply acted as interpreter to the other person; the particulars of which will be found in his subsequent trial, on the Seventh Day of the Session . . . (DIGITISED)


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 13th September 1827, page 55-58 (649-52) [second trial, 1639; t18270913-51] (DIGITISED)

Before Mr. Baron Vaughan.

1639. JAMES BUSHELL was indicted for stealing, on the 22d of August, at St. Anne, Westminster, 1 watch, value 10l., the goods of James Ely, in his dwelling-house.

JAMES ELY. I am a jeweller, and live in Soho-. On the 22d of August, the prisoner came into my shop with another person, having the appearance of a foreigner; the prisoner entered first, and asked to see some gold bracelets and ear-rings, which I showed him; the bracelets were not handsome enough, and he asked to see the ear-rings, which I showed him - they were gold; he selected five or six pairs of gold ear-rings, and requested I would take them up to No. 37, Baker-street, Portman-square; he gave me the name of James Butler, and said he would undertake to say one pair would be kept, as he wanted to make a pre- (DIGITISED)

. . . Prisoner's Defence. Your Lordship must have remarked on the former trial, that I did not seek, in the least degree, to question the testimony of the witnesses; but, I declare to God, there is such wilful and corrupt perjury in this case, that it cannot pass without remark . . . (DIGITISED)

. . . Prisoner (reading.) At the latter end of June, on my return from France, I came by Dieppe to Brighton, on board the steam-packet. I entered into conversation with a Frenchman, who had all the appearance of a gentleman, with whom an intimacy was soon established; he told me he had already visited England, and had some acquaintances in London, but had no knowledge whatever of the English language. I immediately offered my services, and we came to London together; on our arrival we put up at the same hotel, from whence he requested me to accompany him to Giraudier's hotel, in the Haymarket, where he said he had lodged before; he then inquired for Mrs. Giraudier's brother, who had served him as an interpreter during his former stay in England, but was told that, from a situation he now occupied, he was prevented from acting in the same capacity; then, and not till then, did he propose to me to act as his interpreter, promising to remunerate me for my loss of time; I acceded to his request, and then he confided to me that he was by profession a jeweller - that his object in coming to England was to inform himself of the price of every article in that line; after which he intended to have a large quantity of French jewellery brought to England if the prices suited - thus we went about to different jewellers, where he always contrived to employ me in writing what he dictated, which prevented me from observing his proceedings: he now and then begged me to act as if for myself alleging as his reason, that a Frenchman asking the price of English jewellery, might excite suspicion, as every article was much cheaper in France than in England; and his being a foreigner would induce them to ask a larger price; this was so plausible, I did not hesitate to do as I was told. In the course of a fortnight he gave me a ring to pawn; and on expressing my astonishment at his being obliged to resort to those means, he replied, that not receiving remittances as he expected, he found himself short of money; in a word, he accounted for every thing in so natural and plausible a manner, that I am convinced any person in Court would have been deceived as I was. I shall now proceed to the cause of my apprehension. I went to Mr. Norman's with the Frenchman to pledge a diamond pin. Mr. Norman informed me he had received positive information that two persons, answering our description, had committed robberies to a large amount, and that he was obliged to ask me how I became possessed of the diamond pin. I translated what he said to my companion, who immediately took flight, while I remained astonished at his sudden departure. Mr. Norman begged me to give my name and address, which I immediately did - and said he would make inquiry if I returned in a quarter of an hour. I offered to remain while he made these inquiries; but he told me it was not necessary. I returned in a quarter of an hour, and he said, in consequence of information he had received, he felt it his duty to give me in charge of a constable; but on seeing my companion was absent, he told me to bring him with me. I went to three houses where he was in the habit of going; and not finding him there, I was going home, and, near my own door, I met Mr. Ely and another man, who called upon me to go before a Magistrate. I accompanied them without the least hesitation, and have not since seen the Frenchman . . . (DIGITISED)

. . . COURT. Q. What was the charge against him at that time? A. Mr. Norman suspected him of having stolen a brooch. I heard no charge made about this watch at the time.

Prisoner. It is a French watch, and if I had had any suspicion that would have driven it away - I was led to suppose it belonged to him.

GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 21.

"OLD BAILEY. TUESDAY, SEPT. 18. SHOP LIFTING", The Morning Chronicle (19 September 1827), 4

JOHN BUSHELL, a fine, handsome, fashionably-dressed young fellow, six feet high, was put to the bar, on an indictment, charging him capitally with having stolen in the dwelling-house of Mr. John Mainwaring, a jeweller, one diamond pin . . .

The prisoner put in a written defence, in which he stated that he had been thirteen years abroad, and on coming from France by a steam-packet, he met with a Frenchman of gentlemanly exterior, named Perrin, who stated that he was a jeweller in France, and was coming to England to make purchases. Perrin employed him as an interpreter, and he was not aware that he was the dupe of a designing villain. The prisoner called the widow of an hotel-keeper in the Haymarket, who stated that the Frenchman Perrin employed the prisoner to act as his interpreter.

The pawnbrokers with whom the stolen property was pledged deposed, that the prisoner acted not as a principal, but as the interpreter or assistant of Perrin.

Mr. Justice GAZLELE summed up the case; and the Jury, after retiring for about an hour, returned a verdict of Not Guilty. There are two other indictments against the prisoner.

"OLD BAILEY, Thursday, Sept. 10 [recte 20]", London Evening Standard (21 September 1827), 3

John Bushell, who was acquitted on Tuesday last of a charge of stealing a diamond pin, was this day put to the bar, on an indictment charging him with stealing a gold watch, value 10l., the property of Mr. James Healey, a jeweller in Soho-square, on the 22d of Feb. last. The circumstances of this case were very similar to those in the other. The prisoner went to the shop of the prosecutor, in company with a foreigner, and looked at some rings, which he said were intended as a present to a young lady. After they had gone, the watch was missed. A pawnbroker proved that the prisoner and a Frenchman came to his shop, in St. Martin's-lane, and pawned the watch for 3l. The prisoner offered the same defence as in the other case, namely, that he was duped by the foreigner. Mr. Baron Vaughan summed up the evidence, and the jury found the prisoner Guilty.

"SHOP-LIFTING", Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (23 September 1827), 2

John Bushell, a dashing young fellow, who stated he had an engagement at the Italian Opera House, and who has been in custody on various charges of robbing jewellers' shops, by going in under pretence of making purchases, in company with a foreigner, to whom he pretended he was engaged as an interpreter, was tried twice at the Old Bailey last week - in the first prosecution, for stealing a diamond pin, he was acquitted: but in the latter, for stealing a watch value 10l. from Mr. Healey's shop in Soho-square, was found Guilty - Death.

"BUSHELL, THE CONVICT", London Evening Standard (23 November 1827): [detailed biography]

It was fully expected some time before the last report was made that Bushell, who was convicted the session before last of stealing in the shop of Mr. Ely of Soho-square, a gold watch, would have suffered the extreme penalty of the law; and up to the moment the report was brought down, all the friends of Jeremiah Sullivan, who was convicted of highway robbery, were positive that it was ridiculous to entertain a hope of mercy for that prisoner. The latter convict was so firmly persuaded his end was approaching, that he actually invited all his acquaintances to attend at and witness his execution, and he had prepared to meet the expected intelligence with the air of a man who courted rather than shunned death. When he was told that his Majesty had spared his life, his resolution completely abandoned him, and he dropped on the ground in a state of perfect insensibility. Bushell, a sketch of whose extraordinary career we subjoin, and who had been given to understand, a few days before the report was made, that he was merely to cross the water, had of course to contend with no violent feelings of the kind. He received the communication with gratitude, but without surprise. Three petitions had been sent in to the Secretary of State in his favour, one of which was signed by Mr. Rothschild, Mr. Baring, and all the other merchants of great eminence in the metropolis. Bushell, who is a young man of the highest accomplishments, used every exertion as soon as he believed that his own life was safe, to render service to his fellow prisoners, wrote petitions for them, and rendered them as many little services as he could, consistently with his own desperate circumstances. Soon after the report came down, he received the following note from Keating, one of his unfortunate companions in prison.

"Dear Mr. Bushell - We have taken the liberty of writing to you, if you will be so kind as to collect a small trifle for Edward Lowe, John Keating, and Charles Smith, for to get us a pint of beer before we part this world, and we shall ever be obliged to you."

"For Mr. Bushell. North Yard."

The following notes from Powell, who was convicted of robbing Messrs. Sewell and Cross, in whose employment he had been, were received by Bushell a day or two after the report crime down.

"My dear friend - I am convinced the sheriffs are all doing their utmost for me, in conjunction with the Governor and Doctor Cotton. I should be glad to see the gentleman who said he may do me good. He will be allowed, by Stating it is my wish. My mind will not permit me to say much, but merely that I trust we shall meet again in a better world. My fellow sufferers return their kind remembrance to you and all; they are obliged for your kindness. My dear friend, I have a hope behind the grave, where I hope soon to be. Thank God, we sleep very well, even better than before, and are all in a happy state of mind, for we know we cannot go to a worse world than this. God bless you, my dear friend, and all with you, and may the close of their mortal life be as happy as that of your truly happy friend, J. POWELL.?

"Mr. J. Bushell."

"Mr. dear friend - Will you be kind enough to lend me Doctor Dodd's small work, as I have received much comfort from it. Thank God I am happy. Pray for me, as I will for you and all. Remember me to Jerry, (the convict alluded to above,) God bless him. Adieu forever, dear Bushell. JOHN POWELL."

It was evident from these and other communications, that Bushell had made a strong impression upon the minds of his fellow prisoners. His example was, we understand, calculated to serve himself in the opinion of those who are in the habit of observing and reporting the conduct of prisoners, as well as to serve the other convicts. He has complained often that be never has had a chance, since he became a proper judge of right and wrong, and that the unexpected and cruel embarrassments into which be had been plunged by circumstances over which he had no control, had cast him beyond redemption.

John Benjamin Bushell is now about twenty-four years of age. He was born in Limerick, and is the nephew of John Bushell, Esq., formerly of an eminent house in the City. It was expected, and he was brought up in the expectation, that he would be the heir to his uncle's property, which was at one time supposed to be immense. He received his education, up to the age of thirteen, at Carshalton school, from whence he was sent to Lisbon, where there was a branch of the concern, and received an allowance. The house in London failed; and as his resources in Lisbon failed with it, and he could not endure the comparative slavery of a mere clerkship, he left the latter place at the age of fifteen, and passed over to Ireland, where he lived for sometime with his mother, but he soon acted by such a manner as disgusted all his friends. He was indeed so completely abandoned by his relations, that at the age of seventeen he was obliged to take the benefit of the Insolvent Act for the sum of 5l., a debt which he had contracted with a tailor. He had often wished to try the Stage, as he is an admirable musician, and has a voice of the most extraordinary compass and tone; and after he had been discharged from prison he determined to exhibit before the public. He came to London in 1819, and was introduced to Mr. T. Welsh, to whom he became a pupil, and who had the highest opinion of his powers and taste. He soon afterwards, we understand, got an engagement at one of the principal theatres, and the papers had already began to paragraph him as a "Nonpareil," but the time between the commencement of his salary and the agreement being considerable, and his pocket being empty, an accident befel him which destroyed his prospects in the theatrical way. He not only contrived to borrow 50l. upon the strength of his engagement, but he obtained three piano-fortes, which he immediately pawned. For this he was taken before Sir R. Birnie, who admonished him, and he showed his face no more in the Green-room. After this "exposé" he went to Paris, where he contrived to get into the service of Sheriff Parkins, as "valet de place." He, however, stole the sheriff's gold watch, for which he was imprisoned three years in the Pelagie. In 1826 he obtained his liberation, and became acquainted with a Frenchman, one of the greatest judges and purloiners of diamonds in the whole country; and while he was connected with him in France, he never stole any thing but diamonds. The temptation, to a very necessitous person, was very great, particularly when he was instructed how to steal without probability of a discovery. The Frenchman used to tip his fourth finger with a clammy adhesive substance, called "Terebinthine de Venice;" and while he pointed at any particular diamond amongst those laid before him with his fore finger, he contrived to touch another with the "Trebinthine," and drop it down his sleeve. Upon one occasion he carried out of a jeweller's shop between 400l. and 500l. worth of jewels out of one case. He used also to tip a cane which had a hole in the top with the same stuff, and he always succeeded in conveying away something extremely valuable which stood at a little distance from the counter. Bushell believed for some time that the Frenchman made a fair division of the spoil with him, but from a what he afterwards heard from some of the London jewellers who were plundered by both, the Frenchman used to sack three-fourths at least. In the course of their dealings with some of the London jewellers they found that the mode of getting business adopted was not very creditable to the shopkeepers.

The Frenchman had two desperate fellows while he was in Paris in his service, but when a grande role, as it was called, was to be played, Bushell was the man appointed to act principal character. He often passed as a Spanish nobleman, and he was present at the coronation of the Emperor Nicholas, at St. Petersburgh, where he and the Frenchman picked up a great deal of money by different plans of deception. They found very little difficulty in abstracting jewels from the English jewellers, but they found a French diamond seller, whose eyes were so quick, and whose suspicions were so much alive, that even the unrivalled French-man came off foiled. This persevering fellow, however, determined to do the shopkeeper, and he gave orders to the two assistants, to whom we before alluded, to be in readiness. The jeweller kept his diamonds regularly marshalled in a pincushion, which he used to hold up to the eyes of his customers, whose hands were not allowed to approach it. His ingenuity was beaten out by force and manoeuvre combined. One of the assistants, by the Frenchmen's direction, stood at the door with a piece of strong whipcord, while the other went into the shop, the door of which instantly closed, and asked to see some diamonds. The brilliant pincushion was produced. The Frenchman, who stood at the other side of the street, gave the signal; the fellow who stood at the door suddenly opened it, and cried out aloud, "Ha!" the jeweller started back - the pincushion instantly changed hands and disappeared, and the plundered owner found that the latch of his door was tied down with the whipcord, and that he must get through the window to follow the thieves. No person but a master could have planned or superintended the execution of such a robbery as this. The whole did not occupy more than three or four seconds. The amount to which plunder was committed by the Frenchman is known to be enormous. It is asserted that very few jewellers have escaped him. After Bushell was apprehended, he wrote to the Frenchman, charging him with having done him irreparable injury; the only answer he received was - "Terebenthine is safe."

George IV; John White et al, pardon (26 November 1827); HO 13/50, National Archives, Kew, London 

John White et al, Pardon.

George R.

Whereas at the Sessions holden at the Old Bailey in September last the following persons were tried & convicted of the Crimes hereafter mentioned & had Sentance of Death passed upon them for the same viz John White, Robert Martin, Catherine Conjuet, Harry Hale, Thomas Ferry, James Davies, George Ballard, William Cain & Henry Rogers of Housebreaking; Sophia Gunyon, William Goodrich, Charles Hendrick, Richard Barnett, Geo Nelson, James Bushell, Sarah Elliott & Thomas Knight of Larceny value £5 in a dwelling House; James Gardner of Larceny value 40/- in a dwelling House; Timothy Dogerty, William Ramsdale, Ambrose Blackford, John Riley & Edward Reed of Highway Robbery: Harry King of Robbing near the Highway: Thomas Sacket & James Langham of Robbery from the Person: William Watson, Charles Hawkins & Thomas Heffield als. Brown of Horse Sts; James Southgate of Stealing Sheep; Margaret Cavenagh & Ann Lynch of Traitorously colouring base coin; George Haig of Uttering a forged order for payment of Money & William Penny alias Buckly of feloniously being at large before the expiration of the time for which he had been sentenced to be Transported. We in consideration of some circumstances humbly represented unto Us are graciously pleased to extend our Grace & Mercy unto them & to grant them Our Pardon for the Crimes of which they stand convicted on condition of their being severally Transported to New South Wales or Van Diemans Land or some one or other of the Islands adjacent for & during the Term of their respective Natural Lives: Our will & pleasure therefore is that you do give the necessary directions accordingly: And for so doing &c., 26 Novr 1827.

"SUCCESSFUL THIEVES. COMMUTATION OF PUNISHMENT", Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (25 November 1827), 1

John Benjamin Bushell who, it will be recollected, was convicted the Old Bailey for stealing the shop of Mr. Ely, of Soho-square, a gold watch, while acting the supposed character of an interpreter, has been respited, and is to transported for life. John Benjamin Bushell is now about 24 years of age . . . [as above Standard 23 November]


[News], The Australian (16 July 1828), 2

The arrival of the ship Phoenix yesterday, has put us in possession of English Newspapers to the 4th March last.

[News], The Australian (30 July 1828), 3

The prisoners by the Phoenix were landed on Sunday. With few exceptions they are an uncommonly healthy and robust body of men. Nearly the entire have before this time been conditionally assigned to the service of private individuals; and to persons resident in Sydney, we understand, many have been assigned.


State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 29/9756, -57, -58

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; New South Wales, Colonial Secretary, letters relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland received 1830-31 [summary table of contents of] reel A2.5; see finding guide (last revised November 2013), pages 22, 23, 32

Letter from John E. Keane (Sydney), to Frederick Hely (principal superintendent of Convicts Office, Sydney), 6 [?] December 1829

Letter requesting James Bushel, Phoenix 2 [as it is] be assigned as house servant - good singer.

Letter from Frederick Hely to Colonial Secretary, 5 [sic ?] December 1829

Letter submitting application of Revd Mr. Keane of Bathurst for convict James or John Bushel / Phoenix [ref. CS 28/1197] mentions musical abilties; notes ref. CS/29/9674, CS 29/9756

Letter from John Maxwell (Sydney), to Colonial Secretary, 11 December 1829

Letter re James Bushel, Phoenix; notes ref. CS 29/9995


Letter from Alexander Macleay, Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to Frederick A. Hely, 2 March 1830; CS 30/161 (4/3669, p. 358; reel 1044)

[Re. CS] 29/9558 [above] / No. 30/161 / Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney 2nd. March 1830 / Sir / With reference to my letter of this date No. 30/160, and more particularly in reply to yours of 5th December last; enclosing an application from the Reverend J. E. Keane for the prisoner named in the margin [James Bushel, Phoenix], I am directed by His Excellency the Governor to request that you will communicate to Mr. Keane who is evidently unacquainted with Bushel's character. the accompanying report [copy 11 December '29] from the late Superintendent of Wellington Valley stating that he professes principles hostile to the revealed Religion, and is supposed to have been active in disseminating them. / I have &, Alex. Mc. Leay / [to] F. A. Hely Esq.

State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 30/6842

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; as above

Letter from John Maxwell, Emu Plains, to ?, 23 March 1830; and notes 8 September 1830

Letter re Returns of Prisoners at Wellington Valley who may be assigned . . . Re prisoner James Bushel and character.

Notes on the above, "R. D.", 8 and 14 September 1830

Notes re [Bushell] Mentions breaking up the Establishment - directions re prisoners Fen to Norfolk Island - also mentions Eustace & Labush [also spelt Lahrbush]; notes ref. CS 30/6977

State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 30/6842

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; as above

Letter from John Maxwell (Sydney) to Colonel Dumaresq, 20 March 1830

Return of 8 Eight Prisoners at Wellington Valley undeserving of Indulgence on Removal to Sydney Objections for Assignment on Removal to Sydney Remarks: George Stanley Guilford [also spelt Guildford] James Bushel Phoenix; Frederick Lahrbush, John Smith Countess of Harcourt; William Crookshanks Marquis of Hastings; Peter Fen, John Eustace John; John Wedderburn America.

Letter from Alexander Macleay, Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to Frederick A. Hely, 14 September 1830; CS 30/761 (4/3667, page 292; reel 1043)

[Re CS] 30/6842 [above] / No. 30/761 / Colonial Secretary's Office, 14 September 1830 / Sir, / With reference to my letter of the 10th June Last, No 30/555, appraising you that the Establishment at Wellington Valley would be shortly broken up - / I am directed by H. E. the Gov. to inform you that when the measure is effected the prisoners named in the margin [James Bushell, Phoenix; Fredk. Lahrbusch, John Eustace, John; Peter Fenn, John] now at that station are to be disposed of as follows. Viz - / Bushell to be sent to one of the Penal Settlements as an Extra Clerk / Lahrbusch to be kept at Bathurst / Eustace to be assigned, as a Labourer / and Fenn to be sent to Norfolk Island / in compliance with my Letters of the 3rd and 22nd July last, No 30/522 and 30/578 / Signed Alex. McLeay / [to] F. A. Hely Esq.

Letter from Alexander Macleay, Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to Frederick A. Hely, 26 November 1830; CS 30/1006

[Re CS] 30/8499, 8682, 8770 / No. 30/1006 / Colonial Secretary's Office, 26 November 1830 / Sir / With reference to my letters of the 14 and 22 September and 14th and 16th October last, Nos. 30/761, 775, 854 and 861, respecting the removal and appropriation of the "Specials" and other prisoners at Wellington Valley: - / I am directed by H. Ex. the Gov. to inform you that Bushel is to be forwarded to Moreton Bay, Lahrbusch to be kept at Bathurst, Eustace to be assigned as a common laborer, and the other Clerks, not otherwise disposed of to be removed to Port Macquarie instead of Norfolk Island as stated in my letters No 30/834 and 30/861, - and to request that as the Establishment at Wellington Valley is to be broken up by the end of the present year, you will withdraw all the prisoners now attached to the station, with the exception of nineteen who are to remain with Mr. Bennett, in charge of the stock for the present / Signed Alex. McLeay / [to] F. A. Hely Esq.


Letter from Frederick A. Hely, Sydney, to the Colonial Secretary, 11 January 1831; CS 31/334 (4/2095)

Superintendent of Conv. Office / 11 January 1831.
[To:] The Hon. the Col. Secretary
With reference to the subject of your letter to me of the 26 November last (30/1006) I beg leave to acquaint you that in compliance with the command of his Excellency the Governor conveyed therein, I have this day caused the convict whose name appears in the margin hereof [John Bushel / Phoenix / Life] to [be] placed on board the hulk for transmission to Moreton Bay in the ordinary service of the Crown.
I have the honor to be
Sir your obed't Serv't.
Fred'k A. Hely

State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 31/811

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; as above

Petition from John Bushell (H.M. Hulk Phoenix) to ?, 1 February 1831

Petition of John Bushell [also spelt Bushel] Phoenix 1828 praying not to be sent to a Penal Settlement.

Letter from T. Macquoid (Sherriffs Office, Sydney) to Colonial Secretary, 2 February 1831, and notes

Letter transmitting Petition from John Bushell Phoenix 1828

Letter from T. C. Harrington, assistant to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to Frederick A. Hely, 8 February 1831; CS 31/105

No. 31/105 / Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney 8 february 1831 / Sir, / In transmitting to you the attached list of Forty one Prisoners, who have been forwarded by the Governore Phillip under Sentence of Transporation to Moreton Bay: - / I am directed to request that at your convenience, you will furnish the usual particulars of these men, as also of the three women named in the margin, sent to that Settlement in December last by the same Conveyance for the information of the Commandant. / In [re] Bushel Per Phoenix referred to in your letter No. 31/34 of the 11 ultimo, having been despatched to Moreton Bay in the ordinary service of the Crown, I have further to reuqest the usual particulars of him likewise. Signed T. C. H. / [to] F. A. Hely, Esqre.

Letter from Frederick A. Hely, Principal Superintendent of Convicts, Sydney, to the Colonal Secretary; CS 31/381 (CS 31/4191; 4/2108)

[annotations] 31/4191 / 6 June 1831 / No. 31/381

Princ. Sup't of Conv. Office
Sydney 6th June 1831.
[To:] The Hon'ble The Colonial Secretary & & &
With reference to your letter of the 8th of last February (no. 31/105), I now have the honor to transmit to you a list of the (44) forty four Male and Female Prisoners transported on date to Moreton Bay by the Brig Governor Phillip; I also forward the particulars of the Prisoner named in the Margin [James, or John Bushell / Phoenix (3)], as requested in your letter above alluded to.
I have the honor to be / Sir Your obedient Servant
Fred'k A. Hely

Description of convicts, Moreton Bay, c.1831, page B4, entry 28; State Archives and Records of New South Wales

[Name] Bushell, John; [Native place] Alciant, Spain; [Age] 26; [Height] 6ft 0 1/4 in; [Complexion] Dark; [Hair] Dk Bn; [Eyes] Lt Hazle; [Religion] Protestant

[1831, Moreton Bay] James Laurence, manuscript biography; . . .. (ed. Wills 2015, 136)

Sang (and flogged repeatedly) Before Capt. & officers, with my Friend Bushelle. wore Irons 5 years & Nine months during my stay there


State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 33/02427

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; New South Wales, Colonial Secretary, letters relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland received 1832-33 [summary table of contents of] reel A2.7; see finding guide (last revised November 2015), pages 29, 30, 35 

Petition of John Bushell Phoenix 1828 (20 June 1832), to His Excellency Richard Bourke (received 1 April 1833), begging consideration of his case, with 4 certificates

Re John Bushell/ Phoenix [also spelt Bushel] to Moreton Bay from Wellington Valley thence to Port Macquarie; cerificates from J. O. Clunie (Capt, 17th Regt, Commandant), John Skottowe Parker (Superintendent of Agriculture), Edward MacDough ? (Barrister at Law, Hunter Street), James Laidley, 20 June 1832, to Governor Richard Bourke, with notes by Richard Bourke, 30 March 1833, 30 and 31 July 1833

Letter from Alexander Macleay, Colonial Secretary, to [? Frederick Hely], 1 August 1833; ? CS 33/69

. . . [re] 33/2427 / . . . A petition having been received from John Bushel per Phoenix at Moreton Bay in the ordinary service of the Corwn, praying some relief. I have further the honor to acquaint you that Instruction I have been given for his removal to Port Macquarie. / I have &c / Signed Alexr. McLeay

State Archives and Records of New South Wales; Colonial Secretary's Papers; CS 33/05557

Also microfilm copy at State Library of Queensland; as above

Letter from J. O. Clunie (Capt, 17th Regt, Commandant), to Colonial Secretary, 15 August 1833

"Schedule 247/33 (28 August 1833)", acknowledging receipt of letters per Isabella now ready to proceed to Sydney [ref. CS 33/14]; Para 5: John Bushell / Phoenix to Port Macquarie; employed at Moreton Bay as clerk, also excellent linguist; notes in margin; governor's decisions.

Letter from Benjamin Sullivan, Port Macquarie, 21 August 1833, to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney; 33/5586 (4/2208)

[Annotations] 33/5586 - 26 Aug't 1833 / Schedule 246/33 / 27 August 33 / No. 33/54

Police Office / Port Macquarie / 21st Aug't 1833.
[To] The Honorable The Colonial Secretary Sydney
Sir, I have the honor to inform you that His Majesty's Colonial Schooner "Isabella" having arrived here this day, and landed the prisoners named in the margin [Matthias Yody "Malabar" (1) / Thomas Lyons "Florentia" / Will'm Greentree "Mrq's of Wellington" / John Cartlett "Martha" / John Bushel Phoenix (3)] from Moreton Bay . . . I have the honor to be Sir Your most obedient Humble Servant Benj. Sullivan, Resd't Magistrate


7 February 1836, Sydney, arrival (from Cork) of Isabella Wallace (Mrs. William Wallace) and Eliza Wallace, Charlotte Kelly, Spencer Wallace, and Matilda Wallace, and ? Spencer Wellington Wallace

Return of free persons who have arrived in New South Wales from 8 January to 7th February 1836 inclusive, assisted by Bounties made by the Government on account of their passage; State Library of New South Wales, microfilm reel CY652

[no.] 28 / Spencer Wallace / [James Pattison] / [aged] 41 / Musician / [Wife aged] 28 / [child male] 1 / [child female] 1 / [amount of bounty advanced £ ] 20

Assignments of female emigrants on James Pattison, February 1836; State Library of New South Wales, microfilm reel CY652

Charlotte Kelly / 25 years / Governess / [By whom engaged] Mrs. Wallace (her sister)
Mrs. Spencer Wallace / 24 years / [By whom engaged] Mr. Spencer Wallace (her husband)
Eliza Wallace / 16 years / Actress / [By whom engaged] Mr. Spencer Wallace (her father)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 February 1836), 2 

ARRIVALS . . . James Pattison, [from] Cork, 31st October, 324 female emigrants . . .

Letter, sender (illegible, Courthouse) to Alexander Macleay, 9 February 1836, Colonial Secretary's papers; State Archives NSW

Feby 9th 1836 / Courthouse
My Dear Sir, The wife of Mr. Wallace has arrived by the female emigrant ship to his surprise and satisfaction for he neither expected her so soon of that she would come in that way. She has come as Isabella Kelly (her own name) and Mr. Wallace is afraid it may not look well in the eyes of the public if she remained to be landed with the other females, and has therefore asked me to request of you to give and order to allows her to come on shore to day. His sister Miss Eliza Wallace is also with his wife & if you can include her in the order also he'd feel obliged. They were both supposed to come with Mr. Wallace when he left Ireland, but Mrs. Wallace fell unwell, which prevented her from coming with himself, though he is fearful her coming in this ship as Miss Kelly may be injurious to him. I applaud her economy & prudence [ . . ? . . ]
In haste / Yours very faithfully [ . . ? . . ]

For all TROVE items for "Miss Wallace" tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1836: 

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

. . . The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. Clark, and the bass by Mr. Bushell. We have never heard this gentleman before - his voice is a very fine bass, arid he sung the last mentioned piece in admirable style.

Ticket of leave, for Port Macquarie; 36/983 (26 December 1836), altered to Sydney (5 December 1837); State Archives and Records of New South Wales

. . . [Native Place] Alicant; [Trade or Calling] Organist also graduate (?) in Trinity College Dublin

[additional note, later] Altered to Sydney per Col. Secretary's letter No. 37/983 dated 5 December 1837

[additional note, later] Renewed vide 39/2254 dated 10th December 1839 this having been returned mutilated and cancelled.

"Tickets-of-Leave Sydney, 28 December, 1836. COUNTY OF PORT MACQUARIE", New South Wales Government Gazette 255 (28 December 1836), 986

. . . Bushell, James, Phoenix 2 . . .


For all TROVE items for "Miss Wallace" tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1837: 

Letter from T. C. Harrington, assistant to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 16 May 1837; CS 37/358 (4/3683, page 286; reel 1050)

[re] 37/2609 / No. 37/358 / Col. Sec's Office 16 May 1837 / Sir / Referring to your letter of the 13th Ultimo submitting a pettition from the Prisoner named in the margin [John Bushell, per Phoenix] soliciting that his ticket of leave may be altered from Port Macquarie to Windsor, I do myself have the honor to inform you that it is understood that Bushell has lately been in Sydney, and to request that you will make enquiry and report for the Governor's information, whether this is the case, and if so, under what authority he left his district. / I have the honor to be &c. / For the Col. Sec. / (sign'd) T. C. Harrington / [to] The Principal Superintendent of Convicts

Letter from [T. C. Harrington, assistant to the Colonial Secretary], Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 22-23 May 1837; CS 37/394 (4/3683, page 311; reel 1050)

[re] 37/2609, 4658, 469 / No. 37/394 / Coll. Sec's Office / 22nd, 23d May 1837 / Sir / I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your two letters of the 19th instant, the one submitting a communication from the Right Reverend Dr. Polding, applying for the ticket of leave of the prisoner names in the margin [John Bushell, per Phoenix] being altered to Sydney in order to his being appointed to the situation of assistant choral Master in the Church of St. Mary, and the other explaining the circumstances under which you [? received/reviewed] the pass given to Bushell by the Police / [to] The Principal Superintendent of Convicts

Letter from T. C. Harrington, assistant to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 5 December 1837; CS 37/983

[re] 37/10046 / 37/983 / Colonial Secretary's Office December 5th 1837 / Sir, / I do myself the honour to inform you that in compliance with an application from the Reverend J. McEncroe, his Excellency the Governor has been pleased to approve of the Ticket of Leave held by the Prisoner named in the margin [John Bushell, per Phoenix] for Port Macquarie being altered to Sydney and to request that his transfer may be affected accordingly. / I have the honor to be, Sir, / Signed T. C. Harrington / [to] The Principal Sup't of Convicts


For all TROVE items for "Miss Wallace" tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1838: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1838: 

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (5 February 1838), 2 

WE have already noticed the Oratorio at St. Mary's Chapel, or, as it rather deserves to be called, Cathedral, in Hyde Park. We now proceed to describe it . . . But the star of the evening, was an amateur who sang bass. Even in the higher notes, this gentleman's voice is very musical. When he puts forth all his powers, it is for strength and volume like the pealing of an organ. He filled the cathedral as completely as an ordinary singer would fill a small room. His precision in time, and his accuracy in tune, are equal to the strength and melodiousness of his voice.

The most striking and imposing piece of the evening, was the very short Quartette and Chorus with which the Oratorio commenced, and which, as the opening of a sacred festival, contatned words appropriate as they are sublime; while the music is heavenly. The words are those of the Psalmist of Israel, namely -
"The Lord is in his holy temple; let all the earth keep silence before him."
The repetition of the words "Let all the earth keep silence before Him," supported by the fine full round bass of the amateur just mentioned, was enchanting. We saw the tear stand trembling in the eye of some devotees to music who were near us . . .

[News], The Australian (6 February 1838), 2 

At the Musical Festival, last Wednesday evening, which took place at St. Mary's Church, which we briefly noticed in our last, the performance began with a quartett and chorus, "The Lord is in his Holy Temple," which though simple in its harmony, had a very pleasing effect. Miss Wallace then sang "I know that my Redeemer liveth," in a very chaste classic style; the great power of her mezzo soprano voice made every note effective; her avoiding any extraneous embellishments proved the correctness of her taste. The audience then enjoyed a treat never before given in this Colony, a bass solo, by a gentleman styled in the programme "an amateur," but we understand is choral master at St. Mary's. Mozart's sublime "O Jesu potentissime," was sung in a style that its immortal composer would have pronounced unexceptionable; he gave the opening with great pathos and a sweetness that we never before heard in a bass voice; the words "Deus noster, Deus fortes," were given with immense power, and the "Ave Maris Stella" in which the time was accelerated, displayed a combination of flexibility and tone, in the style of Lablache, by which the audience were induced to give vent to their feelings by loudly expressing their delight . . .

"The Concert", The Australian (25 May 1838), 2 

Among our advertisements of this day, will be seen Mr. Deane's bill at fare, for the forthcoming Concert, on tho 30th instant, by which it appears several novelties will be presented which, no doubt, will prove an attractive draw. Miss Wallace, whose merit it is needless to notice, forms a prominent feature in the bill. Her song "'Tis the last rose of summer," with a harp accompaniment by herself, alone will be worth the money . . .

Letter from bishop John Bede Polding to Thomas Paulinus Heptonstall, 25 June 1838; ed, in H. N. Birt, "Some letters of archbishop Polding" [1], The Downside Review new series 2 (21) (1902), 137-38 (also O'Farrell, Documents, 110-11) 

. . . Under the care of Mr. Bushell our Choral Department shines brightly. We have Mozart and Haydn's music every Sunday. It is far superior to Mr. Spencer's management. I perceive the Cathedral music has been printed. There must be some that might be adapted to our service. I wish you to send me out a selection of sacred music - Mozart's Masses and Haydn's Masses I have; also three volumes of Mottets. I have not Novello's twelve Easy Masses, except the first vol. I wish to have some Masses in full score, and other pieces also for State days; and in like manner some Oratorios. You would have been delighted with the manner in which Zingarelli's Laudate was sung yesterday. Bushell has a splendid bass voice: I never heard such a voice, and he wants some bass solos. In all this matter you cannot do better than consult Novello, Frith Street, who I am certain will take the greatest interest in forwarding the work he joined with me in commencing. On SS. Peter and Paul, the children make their first [1838] Communion. I regret so much I have not Manners' pretty Mottet for the occasion. Do send me a copy. Quid est homo? . . . Now let me have this supply of music without delay. A copy or two of Webb's music would be useful for country practice. Sacred Catholic music in English, if with anything. I should like to have Hymns, &c, &c. . . .

"Concert", The Australian (13 October 1838), 2 

The Musical World is on the qui vive, in anticipation of the concert, Miss Wallace is about to give. This young lady, with whose merits the public is well acquainted, independently of her talent as a vocalist, is entitled to the particular consideration of our amateurs, as it is her first attempt at entering for their amusement. The bill of fare, is not only novel, but highly attractive; the pieces selected are of the very highest order. We are led to believe that they will he executed in a style hitherto unparalleled in this Colony. Mr. Wellington Wallace's Flute, may well be called Zauberflote; his concerto will, of course, be a complete bijou. Miss Wallace has been fortunate in obtaining the assistance of a vocalist, whose singing has been compared to that of Lablache's in power, compass and style. Mr Worgan is, we understand, a singer of great sweetness at well as a scientific musician. A Pianist, of great merit, will also make, his debut on that occasion. We wish Miss Wallace the success which her talent and the promptitude with which she volunteered her services on several charitable occasions, deserves.

"Roman Catholic Chapel", The Australian (16 October 1838), 3

Sunday was set apart for the dedication of this edifice which is nearly completed . . . The Bishop attended by all the Priests, richly robed, ascended the altar, and the service commenced with "Comfort ye my people", and "Every valley", by Miss Wallace. The choir has been covered in with massive cedar pannelling, which has deadened the sound considerably, and Miss W.'s powerful voice was indistinctly heard in some of the most beautiful passages. The instrument by which she was accompanied appeared out of order, and contrasted strangely with the full melody of Mr. [S. W.] Wallace's flute. The first part of the performance consisted chiefly of pieces which have been sung repeatedly, but an "Agnus Dei" (Mozart's) sung by Mrs. Clancy, Mr. Bushell and Mr. Worgan, whose voices blended most harmoniously, was a rich treat, as were also the choruses at the close of the service, which contained some beautiful fuges [sic], cleverly executed. The "Agnus Dei", however, was the masterpiece, the rich deep tones of Mr. Bushell were finely contrasted with the swelling tenor of Mr. Worgan when he took up the part, and when the three voices swelled in the body, the harmony was rich.

"MISS WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (17 October 1838), 2 

The lovers of Italian music will enjoy a treat by attending Miss Wallace's concert at the Royal Hotel this evening. The performance will consist of three Italian airs by Miss Wallace, two by an amateur well known to the frequenters of the Catholic Chapel, a song by Mr. Worgan a professional gentleman lately arrived, a song by Miss Ann Winstanley, a solo on the flute by Mr W. Wallace, a solo on the violin by Master Deane and several duets and trios. Colonel Wodehouse has kindly allowed the band of the 50th Regiment to attend, and they will play Auber's celebrated overture to the opera of the Bronze Horse.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (17 October 1838), 4 

MISS WALLACE BEGS to inform her Friends and the Public,
that her CONCERT of Vocal and Instumental Music, will take place on the 17th instant, in the Saloon of the "ROYAL HOTEL;"
on which occasion she will be assisted by Mr. J. P. DEANE and FAMILY, a celebrated Vocal Amateur,
1. Oyerture - Otello - ROSSINI - Orchestra
2. Trio - Notte Giorno - MOZART - Miss Wallace, Mr. Worgan, and Amateur
3. Cavatina - Una Voce - ROSSINI - Miss Wallace
4. Concerto - Pianoforte - HERTZ - Mr. W. Stanley
5. Duett - Mille Sospiri - ROSSINI - Miss Wallace and Amateur
6. Fantasia - Flute - NICHOLSON - Mr. Wallace
7. Swiss Air - MADAME MALIBRAN - Miss Wallace
8. Non piu Andrai, with full Orchestral accompaniaments - MOZART - Amateur
9. Solo - Violin - MAYSEDER - Master Deane
1. Overture - Le Cheval de Bronze - AUBER - Military Band
2. Recitative and Aria - O Patria! - ROSSINI - Miss Wallace
3. Solo - Violoucello - Master E. Deane
4. Song - I love thee ever more - Miss A. Winstanley
5. Duett - ROSSINI - Miss Wallace and Amateur
6. Song - MALIBRAN - Miss Wallace
7. Song - RODWELL - Mr. G. W. Worgan
8. Song - Largo al Factotum - ROSSINI - Amateur
9. Vivi tu - Flute Obligato - Miss Wallace & Mr. Wallace
By the kind permission of Colonel WVodehouse,
Miss Wallace will be assisted by the Band of the 50th Regt.
Tickets to be had at Mr. Ellard's; Mr. Tyrer's; and Mr. Sparkes', at the Royal Hotel; N.B. The Concert will commence at Eight o'Clock precisely.

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (19 October 1838), 2 

The lovers of music were regaled on Wednesday evening, at Miss Wallace's concert, with a treat seldom to be met with in this colony. The bill of fare was excellent and all went off in a style highly gratifying to the audience, who consisted of the most respectable families in Sydney. The overture to "Otello," by the orchestra, and to the "Bronze Horse" by the military band, were executed in a most superior manner. A duet by Miss Wallace and an Ameteur elicited very great applause. "Largo al Factotum" was sung by an Ameteur. It was executed admirably; in fact it was a chef d'ouvre [sic]. The solo on the violin by Master Deane, and on the violoncello by Master E. Deane, were played well, but the manner in which Mr. Wallace executed his Fantasia was such, that too high an eulogium cannot be passed on it; it appeared, or rather sounded, faultless. A concerto on the Pianoforte by Mr. W. Stanley was played in a masterly style, and Miss Wallace's execution of the Cavatina "Una voce," and "Viva tu," displayed great talent. But were we to particularize each clever performance we should be tedious; suffice to say that the whole went off in the best manner, and too much praise cannot be awarded to Miss Wallace for her selection of the music.

"Miss Wallace's Concert", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2 

This Concert took place in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday evening last; and a more numerous assemblage of respectables we never saw in this Colony met together to feed upon the sweet strains of harmony. The crowded state of the Saloon we conclude to be a good omen of the improving masical taste of our country. The Overture, (Otello,) was performed by the Orchestra with effect. The Trio, (Notte Giorno), by Miss Wallace, Mr. Worgan, and Amateur, produced merited applause, indeed, we could not but be covetous of the voices of the trio, more particularly that of Miss Wallace, which since the last time the puplic had the pleasure of hearing it, has much improved. The Cavatina, (Una Voce), by Miss Wallace was, we think, her happiest performance during the evening. Mr. Stanley, performed on the Pianoforte, A Concerto by Herz, which showed him at once to be a master of this instrument. This young performer is quite a stranger to our musical world. Mr. Wallace's Fantasia by Nicholson, on the flute, was a long winded performance, accompanied with sweet execution. For our part we would sooner have heard an old English, Scotch, or Irish air, with a few variations. Our Concert-getters-up, delight too much in execution, by the introduction of difficult variations. Miss A. Winstanley's Song, "I love thee evermore" we could not love at all - she has not yet acquired a sufficient knowledge of music to stand up as a public singer - there is no doubt her voice and execution may be very well in the drawing room, and might answer for the stage. At a Concert, the public look for something superior - and do not wish their feelings to be hurt by the uncultivated performance of a novice. We do not wish to cast a slur upon this aspirant to musical fame, but we should advise her to study hard before she again makes her appearance as a singer at a Concert. Her timidity or something equally injurious to bold execution and strength of voice, was partly the cause of her failure. The two songs, "Non Più Andria" [sic, Non più andrai] and "Largo al Factotum," by an Amateur were splendidly executed, and produced rounds of applause; the latter was a very funny affair, and was deservedly encored. Master Deane's solo on the Violin was quite a treat, and in some, parts put us very much in mind of Mr. Wallace's performance. If this young gentleman minds himself, he will soon be dubbed the Australian Paganini. His brother's performance was not so good as we have heard from him, but that may be attributed to a variety of circumstances but the right. Mr. Worgan, as a singer we think little of, and his voice is too weak for a large and crowded Concert Room. It is to be hoped that we shall have a similar treat to the above before long, if not on behalf qf Miss Wallace, at least for some other talented performer, or for the benefit of some charitable institution.

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2 

Miss Wallace's concert of vocal and instrumental music was held in the saloon of the Royal Hotel on the evening of Wednesday last, and passed off with the greatest eclat; in fact it was universally allowed to be the best musical treat that has ever been given to an Australian public. Miss Wallace's voice has much improved, and the manner in which her songs were received must have been highly gratifying to her. The lion of the evening, however, was the amateur: this gentleman sung two songs with great effect, and was rewarded with a vociferous encore in both. As we do not intend on the present occasion to write any thing like a critique on the performance, we shall only briefly say that - with the exception of the gentleman (Mr. Worgan) who sung and accompanied himself on the piano, whose voice we do not admire - the whole of the performers acquitted themselves admirably, and gave universal satisfaction. We must not omit mentioning that the two overtures, the first by Mr. Deane's company and the second by the 50th Band, were played exceedingly well, and were as well received. We congratulate Miss Wallace on her great success in so ably catering for the musical entertainment of the public, and trust that the patronage which has been extended to her talent and exertions will be a sufficient inducement to her to get up another concert on the same respectable footing.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (22 October 1838), 2 

Miss Wallace's Concert, on Wednesday, was well attended, and the whole of the performances went off with considerable success. Miss Wallace herself was in excellent voice, and got through the different pieces allotted to herself with eclat, especially in the song in which she accompanied on the guitar, which was encored, and in Vivi tu, in which she was accompanied by her brother on the flute. An Amateur, well known in the musical world, sang Non piu Andrai in a very superior manner; in fact he is without a rival in the Colony, and he was received in a manner that must have been highly gratifying to him. A Mr. Stanley played one of Herz's concertos on the piano forte fairly, but nothing more. As usual, Mr. Wallace's solo on the flute was of itself worth all the money paid for entrance. By the by, we have heard that Mr. Wallace is as much master of the violin as he is of the flute, if so, at the next concert we hope he will favour the public with a specimen of his skill. Miss Winstanley sang I love thee evermore in a manner that would lead us to suppose that she will become one of the most pleasing ballad singers in the Colony. A gentleman named Worgan, who has recently arrived, sangan simple little ballad, accompanying himself on the piano-forte; Mr. W. displayed much taste, but his voice is so low and weak that, at the lower end of the room, he was nearly inaudible; but from the way in which he acquitted himself, there can be no doubt of his being an excellent musician. Two sons of Mr. Deane performed solos, the one on the violin, and the other on the violincello, in a manner which shows that as a teacher of music Mr. Deane is an adept; but Master Deane requites more practice in order to get rid of that nervousness which prevents him from acquitting himself as well us he would otherwise do. Want of space prevents us from going more into detail; but we cannot help thinking that it would be better not to select so many pieces of Italian music for a Concert in Sydney - nine Italian songs, &c. out of twelve, are too many. In London, where nineteen-twentieths of the audience at a Concert most probably understand Italian, it may be right to select Italian music, but in Sydney the case is different, for here nineteen-twentieths of the audience do not understand Italian.


For all TROVE items for "Miss Wallace" and "Mrs. Bushelle" tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1839: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1839: 

26 April 1839, the Gautrots' first concert

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 April 1839), 1 

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (29 April 1839), 2 

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (29 April 1839), 3 

"CONCERT", The Sydney Standard and Colonial Advocate (29 April 1839), 3 

Monsieur and Madame Gautrot delighted a highly respectable audience at the Royal Hotel, on Friday evening last. The selection of songs und music displayed much taste and judgment. We shall not draw comparisons, for they are odious. We admired Madame Gautrot, and we were as on former occasions delighted with our prime favourite Miss Wallace. What we so much admire in Miss Wallace, is her perfect freedom from affectation and studied effect, which often disgusts its with those of equal and, perhaps, superior pretensions. The performances altogether were highly creditable; but we shall never give our unqualified approbation to any species of public amusement which cannot he conducted without exceptionable aid. Talent is no substitute for moral worth; and we beg distinctly lo be understood that we condemn, in the most unqualified sense, the countenance given by persons who ought to know better, to parties who do not deserve it.

NOTE: "exceptionable aid" - i.e. Bushelle, because a convict

"CONCERT", The Australian (30 April 1839), 2 

"THE CONCERT", The Colonist (1 May 1839), 3 

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 May 1839), 1, 

MR. & MISS WALLACE. IN compliance with the desire of their numerous Friends, having now removed from Parramatta to Sydney, have the honor to announce, that they propose giving Instruction in their respective branches of Musical Education, at their house, No. 2, Elizabeth-street North, or at the residence of the Ladies and Gentlemen who may favor them with their commands. Miss Wallace gives Lessons in Singing, the Guitar, and Pianoforte; and Mr. Wallace on the Violin, Pianoforte, Flute, &c. Schools attended on the usual terms. N. B. - Pianofortes tuned by Mr. Wallace.

Marriage of BUSHELL, JAMES and WALLACE, ELIZABETH (BDM NSW, V1839392 90/1839)

"AN HARMONIOUS UNION", The Colonist (15 May 1839), 3

Miss Wallace, the talented vocalist, entered into an harmonious union, or, in other words, has been united in the sacred bands of wedlock, with the celebrated amateur who performed at the late grand concert with so much eclat.

Letter from Edward Deas Thomson, Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 25 and 29 July 1839; CS 39/587 (4/3687, page 73; reel 1052)

[re] 39/7943 / No. 39/587 / Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney 25th, 29th July 1839 / Sir, / I do myself the honor to inform you thay in compliance with an application forwarded by the First Police Magistrate, from the individual named in the margin [James Bushell, per Phoenix, holding a Ticket of Leave], His Excellency the Governor has given permission for Bushell to appear at the Theatre at Concerts, but not at plays. - / I have &c. / E/ D. T. / [to] The Principal Superintendent of Convicts

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (17 August 1839), 3

In advertisements for James Reid's concert on 21 August, the couple was still billed as "Mr. and Mrs. Bushell" [no "e"]

[W. A. Duncan] "Concert", Australasian Chronicle (23 August 1839), 1

. . . The Wolf [Shield]. What would we not give for Mr. Bushell's voice? This piece was deservedly encored.

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 August 1839), 3

CONCERT. Royal Victoria Theatre. MRS BUSHELLE, (late Miss Wallace,) has the honor to announce, that her Concert will take place, at the Theatre Royal, on WEDNESDAY, the 11th of September. She will be assisted by Monsieur and Madame Gautrot, Mr. Deane and Family, Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Leggett, and all the Theatrical Band, and Mr. Bushelle . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (10 September 1839), 1

"CONCERTS", Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1839), 1

We believe we need hardly call the attention of our musical friends to the Programme of Mrs. Bushelle's Concert, announced for tomorrow evening. It contains so much of what is, solid and perennial in music, mixed up with so much that is popular and fascinating, and there is such a combination of talent engaged for the occasion, that we are confident all that is musical and all that is fashionable in our City will not fail to present themselves on the occasion. We were happy to observe that the Governor in Council, in replying to the characteristic objections of Mr. Jones to the grant towards the Mechanics' School of Arts, mentioned concerts as a kind of amusement worthy of liberal encouragement. This was a sentiment worthy of an enlightened statesman; and we trust those who are interested in the prosperity of our colony, will not fail to encourage a taste which will do more to humanize society than any other.

"MRS. BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (13 September 1839), 2

. . . Mr. Bushelle's "Miei ram polli femminini", gave that gentleman an opportunity of shewing his talents for Italian comic song. His performance of it was past praise; we never heard any thing so true to time and tune, yet so rapid, so varied, and so ridiculously comic . . .

"CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (13 September 1839), 1

We are none of those who go to Concerts, merely with a view of spending an idle hour or banishing ennui; we look upon the cultivation of the divine art, particularly in this Colony, as a great national affair, and an object worthy of the attention of the legislature, and of the public individually and collectively. The time we trust is not far distant when Australia will occupy a high place among the nations of the earth, and if the fine arts, and more particularly music, were found to advance the objects of the legislators of antiquity, while music was in a rude and infant state, how much more beneficial must its effects in modern times be, now that it has arrived at a degree of sublimity and perfection which it requires a constant contact with to believe to be human or possible? With these thoughts in our mind, we proceeded to the Victoria Theatre, on Wednesday evening, which we were pleased to see so neatly fitted up for Mrs. Bushelle's concert. His Excellency the Governor (who is becoming we think, deservedly popular) was present, with Lady Gipps, and nearly all the beauty and fashion of Sydney. The concert was, we should think, one of the best that has ever been given in Sydney . . . We were much pleased with Mrs. Bushelle's singing generally, it was a decided improvement on her performance at Dr. Reid's concert; but we could not comprehend a note of her Black-eyed Susan," which she sung in common time instead of3/4, in which we had always heard it. Mrs. Bushelle's Italian songs were well sung, but we have still to complain of these spurious embellishments. - Depend upon it the composer is the best judge in these matters; and although the public may call for these absurd ornaments and applaud them, music suffers, and so must, ultimately, the musician. It is for excellent performers like Mrs. Bushelle to lead public taste, not to follow it. Mr. Bushelle was, as usual, admirable. We doubt if Lablache himself, could sing "Miei rampolli femminini" better. Mr. Bushelle is a decided favourite, and ought to be so; he has great command of a powerful voice, and is possessed of much good taste. But we are bound to say, that this taste was completely at fault in the selection of bushranger songs, for a concert patronized publicly by the Governor of this Colony. In an opera these things are all well, but a moment's reflection will convince Mr. Bushelle that they were ill-chosen on the present occasion . . . Upon the whole, though the style of this concert is not our favourite style, we were highly gratified by the performances, and we hope soon to hear all parties again, particularly the Bushelles, et notre cher Monsieur Gautrot père.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette (14 September 1839), 2

The Concert of Mrs. Bushelle came off at the Victoria Theatre on Wednesday evening, and, as was expected, drew a full house. The programme was extensive, but all went off well; it is impossible that all can be noticed. The Ballads were very prettily gone through by Mrs. Bushelle, and the song, "Some love to roam," by Mr. Bushelle, was loudly encored. According to the announcement "Rule Brittania" was performed, and the Solos attempted in English by Madame Gautrot, and in a manner to elicit much applause. The instrumental portion of the Concert was wery ably sustained principally by Mons. Gautrot and Messrs. S. W. and W. Wallace, and Stanley. His Excellency attended the Concert, it is said, unexpectedly, and was warmly received.

Ticket of leave, for Sydney, 10 December 1839, CS 39/22554; State Archives and Records New South Wales

TICKET OF LEAVE. No. 39/22554, 10th December 1839 / Prisoner's No. - 28/1197 / Name - James Bushell / Ship - Phoenix 2 / Master - Cuzens / Year - 1828 / Native Place - Alicant / Trade or Calling - Linguist / [Trial] 13th September 1827 / Sentence - Life / Year of Birth - 1805 / Height - 6 feet 1 inch / Complexion - Dark ruddy / Hair - Brown to Grey / Eyes - Grey / General Remarks - None

[Additional note added later] Reported to have Died at Hob. Town V. D. Land (whither he had permission of the Govt. to proceed) on 28 July 1843. See Col. Sec. Letter No. 43/229 dated 10 Aug't 1843.

James Aquinas Reid, "James Bushelle", biographical sketch, from information gained from subject in Sydney, 1839; written up by Reid ? on Norfolk Island, c.1840-43

State Library of New South Wales MS DLMSQ 168, item 4 (Norfolk Island convict papers, ca. 1842-, collected by Dr. J. A. Reid)

Among the set of manuscript convict memoirs, apparently most or all collected by James Aquinas Reid while he was an Assistant Colonial Surgeon on Norfolk Island (1840-44) and now at the State Library of New South Wales, Reid's own short biography of Bushelle is a valuable record. Since Bushelle was never at Norfolk Island, Reid presumably wrote it up later from notes he took direct from the subject while they were both engaged in the choir of St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, in 1839 or very early 1840. Reid gave Bushelle's forename as James, as do half of the documents concerning his conviction. My thanks to Robert Wills from bringing this document to my attention.

[1] James [sic] Bushelle

This man was the son of Benjamin Bushell of Limerick in the Kingdom of Ireland merchant; and of Miss Butler, of a respectable family in the County of Tipperary. He had an uncle Mr. John Bushell, who went early in life to Spain; and succeeded in forming a commercial establishment in Alicant and other parts, of considerable importance. On revisiting his native country about the year 1800 after an absence of many years, he formed a commercial connection with the Mr. MacDonnells of Dublin, then at the head of the commercial body in that city; and established the very respectable firm of MacDonnells, Bushell & Co. of Broad-street Court, London; at the same time keeping up the several establishments in Spain, as branches of the London House. This firm were agents for Several Banking Houses, and commercial firms in Ireland; and because of their Honorable dealings, of great eminence in the mercantile world. Mr. John Bushell having married a Miss Lynch of Galway, after a romantic and a [2] protracted courtship of twenty years; being both rather advanced in years, and no prospect of a family; in consequence he sent for his nephew James from Limerick, then a child of three years old, this was about 1812, to educate him and rear him up as his intended heir. With this view, he spared no expence in giving him the best education which London could afford; and having resided in Queens Square, Bloomsbury, he had an opportunity of moving in a genteel circle of professional and commercial neighbours; and of cultivating and improving his manner.

When James had arrived at a certain age, his indulgent uncle, not wishing to spare any expence in giving him a polite, as well as a solid education, sent him on a tour to the continent, to acquire that finish and easiness of address peculiar to France & Italy; he also provided him with means to employ the best masters in music and polite literature; he soon became a proficient in music, and spoke and wrote [3] the French, Spanish, Italian, (and German)  languages, (correctly and) fluently with the (accent ?) of a native, and acquired some other accomplishments.

In the course of his travels, he met a Frenchman, who noticing the youth and good addresss of the young Bushell, immediately fixed his eye upon him, as a very likely person to prove a useful companion in his future pursuits. This man was a broken down gambler, who had spent a fortune at hazard in Paris; and now was in quest of other games, to replenish his coffers; he easily inveigled Bushell under large promises, to adopt his schemes; after some further unsuccessful efforts at gambling, he persuaded (him) Bushell to accompany him to London; to cheat the Diamond merchants, by substituting mock, in room of real diamonds; by dexterity and by attaching gum to their fingers. He spoke to Bushell in the shops in London, in German; and introduced him as a Polish prince; and that [4] he himself was his Tutor. They carried on a successful trade for some time; but were at length discovered; when the Frenchman fled with the booty, and left Bushell to bear the burden of several prosecutions for stealing Diamonds, upon which he was found guilty; and forwarded to N.S.Wales for life.

Upon arriving at N.S.Wales he was forwarded with other Specials (a name given to educated convicts) to Wellington Valley, a distance of about three hundred miles from Sydney in the interior; where they were obliged to proceed on foot through a bush road; so unlike the mode of travelling he was accustomed to in Europe; and held under a very strict surveillance. In this solitary residence, his youth and acquirements enabled him to bear up under his great reverses, but after some time, when that establishment was broken up, to make way for an aboriginal establishment; he was recommended for the most distant penal settlement, Moreton Bay; [5] five thousand hundred miles from Sydney on the northern coast, subject to all the horror of the most rigid penal discipline; his overseer having reported him of being possessed of atheistical principles, and therefore unfit to be suffered at large in the colony.

Here he was under the necessity of drawing upon his [???] acquirements to obtain some relaxation; the military officers in charge of the settlement, hearing of his knowledge of music and the languages, gladly availed themselves of this opportunity of irksome leisure, to impose themselves; he became a great favourite, and taught them music, dancing, drawing, fencing, and French, Italian, Spanish, and German languages to their great delight, better than those branches could be taught in London at the public schools. He now made a happy exchange, from an excess of severity, to an excess of kindness: a convincing proof that a penal settlement is not, nor ever was, what it is intended to be, a place of [6] of reformation of convicts. [A]fter remaining here a considerable time, he was recommended by the officer in charge as deserving of some indulgence; whereupon he was removed to Port Macquarie, formerly a Penal Settlement, but thrown open to settlers, where there was still kept up an Establishment for Invalid Convicts, and for specials, which gave it the appearance of a demi penal settlement, with a Police Magistrate, and an Ironed Gang, [ ? ] the streets of the Town. Here Bushell commenced instructing the Young Ladies both married and single, in music, dancing, French and Italian, and shortly established a social intercourse among the newly arrived Emigrant settlers, hitherto strangers, who met occasionally to enjoy the pleasures of a German waltz or a Spanish quadrille in this recent excavation from the Forest; where hitherto the sound of music, or the voice of merriment, had never been heard, [7] where no sounds, but the cooee and howlings of the Black Man, the groans of the convict under the excruciating lash, or the creaking of the wild cockatoo, ever pierced the skies, or disturbed the ambient air.

He was soon after [ ? ] to a settler about seventy miles distant in the Bush, to instruct his young family; where he remained until the period of eight years were expired when by the regulations he became entitled to a Ticket of Leave; for the purpose he obtained a pass to proceed to Sydney, where he fell into good practice as a musician; he became leader of the choir at St. Mary's Cathedral; taught music in private families, and instructed the military bands. He got certificates of good conduct from all those persons; but Governor Bourke would not grant him that indulgence; having referred to his character on the books, and found the charge of atheism, affixed to his name, he was therefore [8] obliged to undergo a further probation of twelve months at Port Macquarie, under strict surveillance over his conduct. After this period he returned to Sydney, and resumed his former occupations; and appeared as an amateur in several concerts where he established himself in public estimation, as a vocal and instrumental musician.

When he obtained his certificate he married Miss Wallace, a vocalist of some celebrity in Sydney, together with whom he now enjoys a high reputation as a musician among the Sydney public.

It remains now to shew how this young man got the odious epithet of atheism attached to his name. It seems that on becoming acquainted with the Frenchman mentioned above, that wily politician found that he could not make his dupe subservient to his views, without first sapping the foundation of religion; he then might [ ? ] himself could he but accomplish that, he could have him [9] at his [ ? ]; for this purpose he set his hellish engines to work to accomplish that detestable object; in the polite and fascinating language of France and Italy, he infused into his unsuspecting [ ? ] that French philosophy best known in England as French principles, meaning these poisonous seeds disseminated by Voltaire and his school, [ ? ] upon [ ? ] upon religion, and government, which [ ? ] in the anti-Christian conspiracy, and in [ ? ] the Altar and the Throne. Bushell spoke freely upon these subjects among his companions, and hence this most unpleasant appellation. It would however be a gross libel upon education to suppose that it leads to atheism; when the contrary is known to be the fact - true science and religion go hand and hand; because they are indisputably founded upon truth itself, from which source they each derive their information; for which reason they uniformly concur in confirming each other; it is when education received a wrong bias, by losing the [ ? ] of religion [10] or, being as in the present instance, undermined by peculiar principles, that [ ? ] becomes a prey to atheism: and scoffers therefore take occasion to conclude that education is inimical to religion, and leads to Atheism! whereas nothing can be more [ ? ] than such an unsupported conclusion!

ASSOCIATIONS: James Aquinas Reid (Sydney, 1839)


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1840: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1840: 


6 March 1840, birth of Thomas T. [Butler] Bushelle and John Butler Bushelle, Sydney, NSW

Bushelle John B NSW BDM 953/1840 V1840953 133; Bushelle Thomas T NSW BDM 954/1840 V1840954 133

"Birth", The Australian (10 March 1840), 3 

On the 6th instant, at her residence, Castlereagh-street North, Mrs. Bushelle, of two sons.

Letter, from Colonial Secretary, to [? Principal Superintendent of Convicts], 31 March 1840; CS 40/447, 186

[re] 40/6309 31 March 1840 / No. 40/447 continued from folio [prev.] / For a Conditional pardon / James Bushell - per Phoenix (2) / May be allowed the indulgence applied for, on 26 December 1840, provided his conduct be good in the mean time. His Petition is herewith transmitted to you that you may bring it forward at that time with your further [? approval]

6 December 1840, death of Thomas T. Butler Bushelle, Sydney, NSW

Bushell Thomas T BDM NSW 656/1840 V1840656 132; 2099/1840 V18402099 132; 249/1840 V1840249 114

"DIED", The Colonist (10 December 1840), 3 

On Sunday, the 6th instant, in Castlereagh-street north, T. T. Butler, the younger twin son of Mr. Bushelle, aged nine months.

? December 1840, birth of Tobias Bushelle, Sydney, NSW

Bushell [sic] Tobias NSW BDM 818/1840 V1840818 133; 128/1840 V1840128 61


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1841: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1841: 


"THE GRAND ORATORIO", Sydney Free Press (3 July 1841), 3 

. . . Of Mrs. Bushelle, we are happy to say that her late residence in the interior seems to have restored her to nearly her former vigour of health, and that with her physical strength her voice has resumed its original capacity and energy. The opinion, we understand, which Nathan entertains of this lady's powers and talents as a vocalist, are highly flattering; and we could observe the feeling of worthy pride and well-merited gratification with which the composer rose and bowed to the audience, in acknowledgment of the deep admiration with which they received and encored her performance of his own sublimely pathetic melody of "Jephtha's Daughter." In that admiration, so far as the performance of the talented vocalist was concerned, it was obvious that Nathan himself most enthusiastically concurred; and we do not remember that we ever heard any vocalist sing with a more faithful and unaffected sympathy in the inspiration alike of the Poet and the Composer. The melody is one of deep and thrilling pathos, and the chaste, and impressive execution of Mrs. B. told with deep dramatic effect on the feelings of the audience, evincing as it did in no ordinary degree, that lively and natural appreciation of the subject, which is itself the nearest akin to the genius that originally conceived it, and without which the conceptions of genius can never be adequately expressed.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 August 1841), 3 

TESTIMONIAL to MR. and MRS. BUSHELLE . . . NOTICE - On Wednesday evening next, at Seven o'clock, another meeting will be held at the usual place. It is requestsd that such of St. Mary's congregation as appreciate the kind and gratuitous services of Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, in the cathedral church, will not neglect this opportunity of testifying their approbation of such services.

"FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 September 1841), 2 

The musical world will perceive by advertisement in another part of this day's paper, with deep regret, that Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle's farewell concert takes place to morrow evening at the Victoria Theatre. The programme is of the most attractive and select description, containing all the popular and eminently successful pieces with which Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle have charmed the lovers of harmony, at various times. His Excellency the Governor, Sir Maurice O'Connell and many other distinguished personages in our colonial community, will honor the entertainment with their patronage, and it is confidently expected that the gentry of Sydney will testify, by their liberal support on this occasion, their taste in appreciating, and liberality in rewarding the musical excellencies of their old favourites, whom they will not have an opportunity of hearing again in public. We believe Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle proceed to Hobart Town before Christmas, and thence to South America, or India. Wherever they go, we are confideitt they take with them the best wishes of their Sydney friends and admirers.

Unseen documentation, VDL (TAS) [? Reel 1053]

Application to be allowed to go to VDL for 6 months to give concerts, permission sought and obtained from governor of VDL and permission extended to remain a year.

Approved 4 October 1841 and granted 1st Feb. 1842

Thomas Trood, printer and stationer, invoice, to John Bushelle, 8 September to 22 October 1841; John Bushelle, insolvency papers; State Archives and Records of New South Wales


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1842: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1842: 


In the insolvent estate of John Bushelle . . .", New South Wales Government Gazette (8 March 1842), 392 

In the Insolvent Estate of John Bushelle, of Elizabeth-street, Sydney, Professor of Languages. WHEREAS the Estate of John Bushelle was, on the 28th day of February, 1842, placed under Sequestration in my hands by order of His Honor Mr. Justice Barton, I hereby appoint a Meeting of the Creditors of the said John Bushelie to be holden at the Supreme Court House, Sydney, on the 10th day of March, at Ten o'clock in the Forenoon, for proof of Debts, and election of a Trustee or Trustees, and for direction of distribution of proceeds of Insolvent's Estate, the same not exceeding £100; and unless at the said Meeting it shall be shewn that the goods and effects of the Insolvent exceed £100, the said Commissioner will summarily proceed to rank the Debts which shall be then proved, and to direct the proceeds to be distributed by the Trustees accordingly. - Dated this 7th day of March, 1842. WILLIAM H. KERR, (1059) Chief Commissioner of Insolvent Estates.

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Herald (2 April 1842), 2 



"ABSOLUTE PARDON . . . Sydney, 14th April, 1842", New South Wales Government Gazette 30 (15 April 1842), 396 

ABSOLUTE PARDONS, Dated 1st February, 1841 [? recte 1842] . . . Bushell, James, Phoenix 2, 1828 . . .


Bushelle sworn and examined by Mr. Pite, before his Honor Mr. Justice Burton (5 May 1842); John Bushelle, insolvency papers, 1842; State Archives and Records of New South Wales

Bushelle sworn and examined by Mr. Pite.

Compromised for his benefit so far as having has an advance of £30 from Mr. Knight

I have preformed at the Royal Theatre & have agreed with Mons. Gautrot to [? ] part of proceeds after all expenses are paid

It is an undertaking with Mr. gautrot: I have written agreement I am to have 2/7 of the proceeds.

Before his Honor Mr. Justice Burton

May 5th 1842

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, the petition of John Bushelle to the Honorable Mr. Justice Burton (12 September 1842); [affadavit] (14 September 1842); John Bushelle, insolvency papers, 1842; State Archives and Records of New South Wales

To the Honourable Mr. Justice Burton of the Supreme Court of New South Wales

The Petition of John Bushelle Teacher of Languages and Music of No. 14 Philip Street, Sydney, now an Insolvent.

Most respectfully sheweth

That Your Petitioner sequestrated on the Twenty Eighth day of February One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Two

That at the first meeting of Your Petitioner's Creditors he informed them that he had entered into an arrangement with Mr. Knight of the Victoria Theatre for eight weeks at a salary of Sixteen Poudns per week for the musical services of Your Petitioner and those of Your Petitioner's Wife, Your Petitioner undertaking to provide suitable dresses for the Characters they might be called upon to personate during that period - Your Petitioner also agreed to pay weekly instalments of Five Pounds until Thirty Six Pounds advanced by Mr. Knight to Your Petitioner for the support of himself and family previous to the commencement of the aforesaid engagement should be repaid -

That your petitioner offered to pay from the remaining Eleven Pounds per week left at his disposal Five Pounds weekling during the Term of Your Petitioner's engagement which offer was accepted by Your Petitioner's Creditors and Mr. Pite Trustee to Your Petitioner's Estate was appointed to receive the said Instalments. -

That Your Petitioner had paid Twenty-five Pounds in this manner when he was summoned before Your Honor by the said Trustee to shew cause why Your Petitioner should not be imprisoned until his debts were paid, on which occasion Your Honor, of the representation of the said Trustee that a delay had occurred in the payment of the Instalments of the preceeding week, issued a warrant for the incarceration of Your Petitioner to be suspended on condition of Your Petitioner's paying into Court every Monday Five Pounds -

That this order was complied with until the expiration or Your Petitioner's engagement, which engagement Mr. Knight declined renewing as it was originally entered into by that person solely as the means of ensuring the ruin of a rival Manager which he hereby effected -

That the said Trustee subsquently decalred a divident in your Petitioner's Estate, and has since consceintiously declined enforcing the Warrant well knowing that Your Petitioner's weekly earnings have not averaged Three Pounds, and that they are likely to diminish rather than increase from the pressure of the times on the only class likely to encourage a Teacher of Italian Vocal Music -

That your Petitioner from the great influx of Musical Professors whose claim to patronage are considered paramount to those of Your Petitioner, is prositively unable to earn sufficient to support his wife and children, but he anticipates that by making a professional tour to Van Diemens Land and Port Philip for the purpose of giving Concerts he would not only obtain enough for this own and their support but would be able to pay his Creditors a large portion of their claims in less than six months, whereas by continuing to reside in Sydney he must become again insolved -

That Your Petitioner consquently solicits that the Warrant now in the Chief Commissioner's Offcie be discharged on the accompanying affadavit and attestation, and

Your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray -

John Bushelle

Dated at Sydney this twelfth day of September, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Two

[Affadavit] John Bushelle Teacher of Languages of No. 14 Philip St. Sydney maketh oath and saith that sicne the expiration in May last of an engagement with mr. Knight of the Victoria Theater of the same place he had not upon average earned more than Three Pounds per week.

That such a sum in insufficient to support himself and family, and quite inadequate to the maintenance of those appearances so essential to his success, and

That should the prayer of the annexed Petition be denied he the said depondent sees no other prospect but that of being again insolved.

John Bushelle

Sworn before me at my office this 14th day of September One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Two

[signed] William H. Kerr


Letter, from John Bushelle, Sydney, 12 September 1842

Letter, from John Bushelle, Sydney, 12 September 1842, to J. McLean, Sydney; CS 42/6955 (folded inside 43/5647) (4/2634.2)

[annotations] 42/6955 - 42/10109 - 12 September 1842

14 Philip St. 12th Septr. 1842
[To] Captn. MacLean
Principal Superintendent of Convicts
I beg you will be good enough to obtain for me His Excellency the Governors sanction to my proceeding to Hobart Town and Launceston for the purpose of giving Concerts as the only means of relieving me from the embarassment consequent on the pressures of the times. I am an Emancipist and am anxious that the permission should be for at least six months.
I remain / Sir / Your most obedient / and much obliged / Servant
John Bushelle

[verso] 12 Sept. . . .
James Bushell per Phoenix (2) arrived in 1828, was allowed a "Conditional Pardon" on 26 Dec. 1840 . . . 13 Septr. 1842.
Recommend that Bushelle should be allowed to proceed to Van Diemen's Land for Six Months
14 Sept. 1842 . . . J.McL

Letter, from J. McLean, Sydney, 16 September 1842, to Colonial Secretary, Sydney; CS 42/6955 (folded inside 43/5647) (4/2634.2)

[annotations] 42/695 - 19th Septr 1842
Respecting obtaining permission for Jno. Bushelle to go to Van Diemen's Land

Principal Superintendent of Convicts Office
16th September 1842
In transmitting to your the enclosed decision of His Excellency the Governor, on an application from the man named in the margin [John Bushelle, per "Phoenix"] for permission to proceed to Van Diemen's Land he being the holder of a Conditional Pardon, I have the honor to request that you will be pleased to take the necessary steps for obtaining the permission of Sir John Franklin to Bushell proceeding to the Colony under his Government.
I have the honor to be / Sir / Your most obedient servant,
J. McLean

[Annotation]: Write to the Govt. of V.D.L as herein suggested - stating however that Bushelle is a person well known in Sydney as a Public Singer and that his Wife (a person of great respectability) is also a Public Singer of great talent.
[initials ? G. S.] Sept. 19.

Letter, from W. Elyard, assistant to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 20 and 21 September 1842; CS 42/259 (4/3689, page 449; reel 1053)

[re] 42/6955 / No. 42/259 / Col'l Sec's Office, Sydney 20/21 Septr. 1842 / Sir / In reply to your letter of the 16 inst. No. 42/159, I do myself the honor to inform you that a communication has been made to the Colonial Secretary at Hobart Town inquiring whether Lieut. Gov'r Sir John Franklin has any objection to permission being given to the individual named in the margin [John Bushell, Phoenix, holding a Conditional Pardon] to proceed to Van Diemen's Land for a period of six months / I have &c./ (Signed) W. Elyard Jr. / [to] The Prinp'l Sup'ent of Convicts


"Miss Hinckesmann's Concert", The Sydney Gazette (15 October 1842), 2

. . . The duet which [Eliza] sang with Mr. Bushelle, "Quanto Amore", was spirited and melodious in the extreme, and excited in the audience an enthusiasm almost equal to that animating these incomparable singers. Mr. Bushelle had a deafening encore in that delightful song from "Amilie," "What is the spell?" Every word appeared to come from his heart; his intonation was pure, and the bright eyes of his fair auditors were suffused with "liquid diamonds", at his warm eulogium of "woman's love". His "Madamina" was splendid, and his Irish serenade irresistibly comic; it sent the audience away in high glee.


Letter, from G. T. W. Boyes, Hobart Town, 17 October 1842, to E. Deas Thomson, Sydney; CS 42/8413 (folded inside 43/5647) (4/2634.2)

[annotations] 42/8413 - 11th Nov. 1842
Relative to granting Jno. Bushelle permission to go to Van Diemen's Land

Van Diemen's Land / Colonial Secretary's Office / 17 October 1842.
[To] E. Deas Thomson Esqr. / Colonial Secretary / New South Wales
I am directed by Lieutenant Governor Sir John Franklin to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 20th Ultimo, requesting to be informed whether His Excellency has any objection to permission being granted to a person named Bushell (holding a Conditional Pardon) to proceed to this colony for the purpose of giving concerts, and in reply I am to inform you that His Excellency has no objection to such permission being granted.
I have the honor to be, / Sir, / Your most obedient servant,
G. T. W. Boyes

Letter, from W. Elyard, assistant to the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 14th November 1842; CS 42/318 (4/3689, page 476; reel 1053)

[annotations] 42/8413 / No. 42/318

Col'l Sec's Office Sydney
14th Nov'r 1842
[to] The Prin'p'l Superin't of Convicts
With reference to your letter of the 16th September No. 42/157, I do myself the honor to inform you that Sir John Franklin has no obejction to the Individual names in the margin [John Bushell, per Phoenix] to proceed to Van Diemen's Land, and I am directed by His Ex'cy the Gov'r to request that you will apprise him accordingly, and that the permission is to extend to a period of six months
I have &c.
W. Elyard, Jr.

Letter, from Edward Deas Thomson, Colonial Secretary, Sydney, to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, 22-23 November 1842; CS 42/323 (4/3689, page 478; reel 1053)

[annotations] 42/8413 / No. 42/323

Colonial Secretary's Office Sydney 22d, 23 Nov. 1842
[to] The Pric'l Superintendent of Convicts
Sir, / With reference to my letter of the 14th inst. I do myself the honor to request that you will transmit to the Principal Superintendent of Convicts at Hobart Town, the usual particulars of the individual names in the margin [John Bushell, per Phoenix], who has received permission to proceed to Van Diemen's Land, and that you will also apprise that officer when Bushell leaves Sydney.
I have &
E. Deas Thomson

Van Diemen's Land (December 1842 - September 1843)


13 December 1842, John Bushelle, arrival, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS)

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (13 December 1842), 3 

ARRIVAL [13th]. - The schooner Waterlily, Munro master, arrived this morning from Sydney, the 3rd instant, with a cargo of cedar, sugar, &c. Cabin passengers - Sir James Dowling, Chief Justice of New South Wales; Mrs. Brewer, Miss Palmer, Mr. Greig, Mr. Bushelle . . .


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1843: 

For all TROVE items tagged John Bushelle for 1843: 


24 January 1843, Eliza Bushelle and children, arrival, Hobart Town, VDl (TAS)

"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (31 January 1843), 2 

JAN. 24. - Arrived the schooner Waterlily, 155 tons, Munro master, from Sydney 16th instant, with sundries. Passengers - Mrs. Evans and child, Mrs. Bushelle and two children, Mrs. Griffiths . . .


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (27 January 1843), 1 

Vocal and Instrumental Music.

MR. & MRS. BUSHELLE WILL give their CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC early in February, of which full particulars will be published next week. They also beg to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that, intending to remain some time in the colony, they purpose giving lessons in the following branches of education:-


English and Italian Singing, The Pianoforte and Guitar.

The latter instrument on a principle by which a competent knowledge of this fashionable medium of accompaniment can be easily attuned in three months.


The Elocution and Grammatical Construction of the French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Languages. Italian and English Singing.

Mr. Bushelle, having obtained the second prize for Declamation at the Royal Conservatory of Paris in 1824, and assiduously studied the Languages and Singing during a residence of sixteen years on the Continent and in the Peninsula, respectfully, though confidently, solicits a share of patronage for his system of instruction, tested by many years' experience in the tuition of the leading families of New South Wales;

Any communication left with Mr. Davis, at his Fancy Stationery Warehouse, Elizabeth street, or directed to Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, 37, Brisbane-street, or Prospect Lodge, Hobart Town, will be promptly attended to.

January 27.


"MR. AND MRS. BUSHELLE'S GRAND CONCERT", Colonial Times (21 February 1843), 3 

The lovers of good music - and who is not - were gratified last Friday evening with a display ol'harmony hitherto unrivalled in this colony. Great expectations had been formed as to the abilities of Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle; but, great as they were, they wore amply fulfilled, and those abilities were well exerted to please a very numerous and - for Hobart Town - a fashionable audience. We must introduce the lady first. The characteristics of Mrs. Bushelle's voice are great sweetness and flexibility, with a good compass, her lower notes being full and rich: although not what is called a powerful singer, the melody and expression with which she executes her performances amply compensate for a quality of a more strong but less impressive description. Thus, in her first piece, the trio from Rossini's Maid and Magpie, the exquisite feeling and pathos with which she so melodiously pourtrayed the several emotions which are supposed to conflict her bosom, betokened that Mrs. Bushelle, to her other qualifications, added that most essential requisite of a singer, but especially of a dramatic singer, a feeling in, and sympathy with, the author. Indeed, in all her concerted pieces, Mrs. Bushelle displayed talents and capabilities of a very high order; and although, in one or two instances, the music was rather recherche, yet still the fair songstress carried the attention and delight of the audience with her, and drew down very great applause. Excellent as is Mrs. Bushelle as an operatic singer, her forte, we think, does not lie in that department of the art; this opinion, we conceive, will be borne out by those who heard her "Black eyed Susan," which she sang with an expression we have never witnessed in this colony; the ballad, beautiful in itself, was rendered infinitely more so by Mrs. Bushelle's pathetic, simple, but exquisite performance. Her "Wanted a Governess" was also skilfully given, although in a very different style, amidst the most rapturous applause. We sincerely and heartily welcome Mrs. Bushelle amongst us, and hope to hear her "warblings sweet" again and again. If we might advise, we should recommend Mrs. Bushelle, at her next concert, to select pieces of less difficulty and execution, and to adopt some of the more simple productions of Mozart, Rossini, and other Italian composers, not forgetting our own esteemed masters of the art, whose melodies cling round our memory with the tenacity of old and dear friends. We now come to Mr. Bushelle, and thank him most cordially for a very pleasant evening. Mr. Bushelle is one of the best English Buffo singers we have heard for a long time; his voice is a powerful bass, round, flexible, and agreeable, which all bass voices are not; his enunciation - a great virtue in a Buffo singer - is good and distinct, and it is very clear to perceive that he feels what he sings, and that, therefore, he would constitute an excellent actor. His Largo Factotum, the celebrated Buffo song from Rossini's "II Barbiere di Seviglia," was given with a degree of spirit and vivacity which we have only seen excelled at the Italian Opera; it is an old affair, and has been hammered at by numerous performers, good, bad, and indifferent, but it was so well sung by Mr. Bushelle, as to call for a loud encore, which the singer complied with, and pleasingly varied the performance by an English version of the words, a very pleasant mode of proceeding in such matters, whether legitimate or not; and on another occasion, after singing "Miei Rampolli," and being called upon for a repetition, he treated his audience with a laughable Irish song in the true Hibernian style. In short Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle greatly exerted themselves, and were rewarded by the rapturous plaudits of a very full house. The concert went off remarkably well, and we must not omit to award well-meiited praise to our old favourites, who all contributed very materially to the entertainments of the evening. Mrs. Stirling was as sweetly melodious as ever, and Messrs. F. and J. Howson were in excellent voice and humour. "Take now this ring" was beautifully sung by Mrs. Stirling and Mr. J. Howson, and was welcomed with the cordiality due to a favourite. We find we have omitted to mention "The Coronation of Queen Victoria," sung by Mr. Bushelle, with a trombone obligato accompaniment by Mr. J. Howson; if laughter and applause be any test of approbation, of a verity both performers have reason good to be pleased; the concluding "Why weren't you there?" called down shouts of merriment, and many a pretty mouth was relaxed into something more than a genteel smile at this laughter moving song. The orchestra was excellent, and played the various overtures in splendid style; indeed, we rarely witnessed a more harmonious entertainment, harmonious in every way, the performers exerting themselves to please the audience, and the audience willingly testifying their approbation by ready and rapturous applause. We sincerely hope we may have many such Concerts.

"MR. BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", The Courier (24 February 1843), 2 

At an early hour on Friday evening last, the continued rolling of carriages towards the Victoria Theatre bespoke that the enticing programme - the merits of which had been so liberally discussed during the day - had produced the wonted effect, and at about eight o'clock the interior of the building presented a scene of profitable animation, beyond what could have been anticipated even by Mr. Bushelle's most sanguine well-wishers. So crowded were the boxes, that many of the gentlemen were under the necessity of taking seats in the pit, which was more select on this than on most other occasions. With the overture to "La Gazza Ladra" began the first division of the entertainment. The addition to the theatrical orchestra of several musicians from the 51st band had, it appeared to us, an effect rather prejudicial than otherwise, for though each performer undoubtedly possessed his individual merits, yet, as the augmentation lay principally in the wind instruments, the sounds from which are the most penetrating, it was at times somewhat difficult to trace the leading violin through its various themes. Mr. Deane certainly exerted himself to the utmost, but it is too much to expect a single performer, however great his talent, to resist the drowning of some fifteen others. An equipoise of instruments is one of the main desiderata in this kind of music, though but too often lost sight of when reduced to practice: for instance, in those numerous passages in which the clarionet is made to follow the flute in lower thirds, Serjeant Ravelyn completely overpowers the latter instrument by his unblended strength of tone, whilst Mr. Duly, junior, in each flute solo which falls to his share, exhibits his impression that the more the speed the greater the effect, at times almost transforming an intended andante into an allegro, notwithstanding the numerous checks which we have observed him to receive at the hands of the leader. The trio from Rossini's "Maid and Magpie," certainly introduced Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle to the public in an advantageous light. The lady, in addition to a rich and scopeful tenor [?] voice, possesses a tact which seems rather intuitive than attributable to that practice, without which the powers even of a Malibran would lose a great portion of their merit, when applied to a diversity of compositions. It is evident that for Mrs. Bushelle nature has accomplished much; her range of notes is as extended as the tone peculiar to each is rich and easy. With advantages such as these it may be supposed that the movements best adapted to this singer are of the slow kind. Here the senses revel in a mellowness and accuracy of intonation beyond anything that we have as yet heard in this colony; but when, passing on to accelerated time (where flexibility forms a requisite as imperative as is a proper quality of sound,) Mrs. Bushelle exacts from her voice an execution beyond what her apparently limited degree of exercise will sanction, we found that, almost unobservable though the imperfections may be to a cursory listener, there remained something to be wished for in the shape of clearness. In the higher cadences, some notes of which were, on more than one occasion, sung too flat. Mr. Busheiie's voice partakes rather of the baritone than of the bass; for, though its extent reaches the limits prescribed to the latter, yet, by being forced, the lower notes become deprived of the sonorous tone which forms an enviable characteristic in this singer's middle octave. In the trio above-named he entered well into the spirit of the composition, but appeared certainly more at home in his display of "hate, indignation and fury," than of the tender passion, in his expression of which he seemed led away by an overstretched pantomime, occasionally bordering on the burlesque. Mr. F. Howson, on whom devolved the completion of the trio, did full justice to his part; indeed, the general effect was good throughout. "La Tremenda," from Bellini's "Romeo and Juliet," was, without a doubt, Mrs. Busheiie's best attempt during the evening; she most effectually moulded her voice to the ideas of the composer, and seemed, as her confidence increased, to imbibe a better share of spirit. Her "Wanted a Governess," though most unmeaning os a piece of music, appeared, through the pleasantry of the words, to afford general amusement, and was, rather unconscionably, called for a second time. Mrs. Bushelle good-naturedly complied, though, to all appearance, much fatigued by her long continued exertions, and succeeded in making the most of her task. - We do not remember a greater treat than was afforded by the production of "Black-eyed Susan;" the transitions from the lower to the higher octaves produced an admirable effect, through the clearness with which they were executed, whilst throughout the song all was ease and nature. It is evident from the manner in which Mr. Bushelle disposed of the buffo song, "Lo I the factotum of this gay place I come," that his favourite and best-adapted strain savours of the comic. To a great fluency of tongue and vivacity of style he joins gestures, at times the most ludicrous, whilst his stentorian lungs allow an audible articulation of the words, even in so large a space, without prejudice to the music. Without entering on a seriatim review of the many pieces composing the programme, (the doing which would entail too lengthy a paragraph,) we have noticed the main features which, in our opinion, characterise the merits and demerits of these effective additions to the professionally musical portion of our community. Touching the other vocal performers we shall say but little, as most of the pieces introduced were of those which have on several previous occasions been produced to the public, and met with comments at our hands; the only new ones were "The Land," sung by Mr. F. Howson, in which half the effect was lost through slowness of time during the two first verses, and too great an apathy during the storm imitation. And the "Merry days when we were young," sung by his brother. The latter composition, perhaps too ineffective in so large a space, is not without its merits, and was neatly gone through. As Signor Carandini's powers of vocalism are, if ever they existed, now decidedly bygone, we think he should not again expose himself to the suffering which he evidently underwent whilst singing "Che Veggio," with Mrs. Stirling, nor the public to the painful task of hearing such ineffectual attempts. Mrs. Stirling did not appear to less advantage for being placed in contrast with an imposing rival, for whilst her greater precision in some instances held out an apology for a voice less powerful, we think that no one could have helped noticing the unpretending and good-humoured manner in which she laid herself open to the parallel. To conclude, we have no hesitation in affirming that the entertainment afforded on that evening by far eclipsed any of the sort ever offered within these shores, as well for good order and arrangement as for the general success in the performance, and we rejoice in the knowledge that Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle's labours have not proved fruitless.


Letter, from G. T. W. Boyes, Hobart Town, 9 March 1843, to E. Deas Thomson, Sydney; CS 43/1996 [folded inside 43/5647] (4/2634.2)

[Annotations] 43/1996 - 16th March 1843 / Respecting John Bushelle remaining in Van Diemen's Land / . . . Approved March 16 . . .]

Van Diemens Land / Colonial Secretary's Office / 9th March 1843.
[To] E. Deas Thomson / Colonial Secretary / New South Wales
I have the honor to inform you, that the individual named in the margin [John Bushell], who has been permitted by the Government of New South Wales to proceed to the Colony for six months, for the purpose of giving Concerts, has applied to be allowed to remain in Van Diemen's Land until the end of the present year.
As the man in question has, since his arrival, conducted himself in a very orderly manner, His Excellency Sir John Franklin will have no objection to his remaining in this Colony during the period he has solicited if His Excellency Sir George Gipps should think proper to approve of his request being complied with.
I have the honor to be, Sir, Your most obedient servant
G. T. W. Boyes


"BUSHELLE'S MUSICAL SOIREES", The Teetotal Advocate (10 April 1843), 3 

These inimitable vocalists, gave their second Concert on last Thursday. We remarked among the audience at least two-thirds of the families who were present at their first Concert. "The land of the West," - "Away, away to the mountain's brow" - "The Polacca of Bellini," by Mrs. Bushelle, and "My boyhood's home" - "The Buffo song," from Cindrella," and "The Coronation of Queen Victoria," by Mr. Bushelle, have established their claim to the title of the first vocalists of the Southern hemisphere. They give another Concert on Tuesday, the 11th instant, as our readers will perceive by their advertisement in another column. A family ticket, to admit five, only costs one Guinea, and children under twelve pay half price. Nobody ought to miss the opportunity, of hearing them, as no such treat may again present itself.


A burletta in one act, by FOCH [Henry C. O'Flaherty], written expressly for the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, July 31st 1843

Play submitted for approval by H. C. O'Flaherty. An adaptation of W. T. Moncreiff's Tom and Jerry, or Life in London (1821); State Archives and Records NSW; play enclosure to CS 43/6965; covering letters with CS 43/6965 in [43/4562.2] (microfilm copy SR Reel 2256; play at [SZ60], microfilm copy of play SR Reel 29); see also Pelosi, Plays submitted for approval 

And see modern edition, in Fotheringham 2006 (ed.), Australian plays for the colonial stage, 73 (PREVIEW)

[At a meeting of the club] . . . I suppose Joe Bushon is busy tonight and wont be here [;] never mind . . .

This play script, though refused permission for production by the Colonial Secretary on the grounds that it was libellous, briefly mentions both the long since departed William Vincent Wallace, "our Australian Paganini" and his brother-in-law Bushelle, as "Joe Bushon". Fortheringham wonders why Bushelle was not present; the reference was clearly written while he was in Hobart, and before news of his death arrived in Sydney. Fotheringham mistakenly refers to Elizabeth [sic] Wallace as Bushelle's "second" wife.


18 July 1843, death of John Bushelle, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS)

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1843; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1185532; RGD35/1/1 no 1690 (DIGITISED)

1690 / 18th July / John Bushelle / male / forty eight years / Teacher of Languages / Dropsy / [registered] 21 July

Letter from J. E. Bicheno, Hobart, 19 July 1843, to E. Deas Thomson, Sydney; CS 43/5647 (4/2634.2)

[annotations] 43/5647 - 2 August 1843. Report of death of John Bushelle.]

Van Diemen's land / Colonial Secretary's Office / 29th July 1843.
[To] E. Deas Thomson Esqr. / Colonial Secretary / New South Wales
In reference to your letter of the 22'd November last, in which you stated that His Excellency Sir George Gipps had permitted John Bushelle, holding a Conditional Pardon, to proceed to Van Diemen's Land for Six months for the purpose of giving concerts, I have now the honor to inform you that the man in question died last night at his residence in Campbell Street, Hobart Town.
I have the honor to be, / Sir, / Your most obedient servant,
J. E. Bicheno

"MR. BUSHELLE", The Courier (21 July 1843), 3

It is our painful duty to announce the death, which happened on Wednesday last, of this talented individual, who so recently enlivened the feelings of all who heard him at the concerts yet fresh in the public mind. The late Mr. Bushelle was a man singularly gifted by nature with talents, which, under a prudent restraint in his earlier days, would, doubtless, have placed him in an enviable, if not elevated, sphere. His curtain has fallen to rise no more in this world of mingled woes and joy. We turn with increased sadness to behold the forlorn situation of his widowed wife, who now demands the sympathy, nay, more, the substantial relief, of the public. Already a subscription has been commenced; and with the unostentatious benevolence which seems to characterize this community, been promptly attended to. We hear it is also in contemplation, shortly, to get up a theatrical benefit for Mrs. Bushelle; and we feel quite sure that the services of the whole corps dramatique will be cheerfully yielded to assist the generous efforts made in her behalf.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1843), 3

At Hobart Town, on Wednesday, July 19, Mr. John Bushelle, recently of Sydney.

"MR. BUSHELLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1843), 4

Reprints Hobart Courier obituary above

Colonial Secretary, letter no. 43/229 (10 August 1843)

[Unseen . . . reporting John Bushelle's death]

[Advertisement], The Courier (4 August 1843), 1 

"DIED", Australasian Chronicle (5 August 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (18 August 1843), 1 


"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (22 August 1843), 3 

We are happy to announce that the Victoria was literally crammed last night for the benefit of the widow and family of the late Mr. Bushelle. We have not room for particulars, further than to state, that the singing of Mrs. Carandini was of a most superior order, and unexpected as such a treat was, the audience were not more pleased than astonished. We must not omit mentioning a circumstance which does equal credit to the head and the heart of Sir Eardley Wilmot, and will be most gratifying news to the colonists - viz.; that fifty tickets were purchased for the benefit of the widow, by his son, Mr. Wilmot, who was present during the whole of the performance.

"THE THEATRE", The Courier (25 August 1843), 3 

On Monday evening last, to a crowded house, the benefit of Mrs. Bushelle took place. The first piece, "John of Paris", went off very indifferently. Neither in the incidents or the play itself, the dresses, or the scenery, and, we may add, the performances of the various parts, was there aught to induce us to comment in flattering terms upon its selection. The dances introduced in this piece were certainly pleasing, and tended to relieve the monotony of the whole. Next came the Musical Melange, in which the star was the young debutante, Mrs. Carandini, who, for the first time, appeared on the stage, and if great applause be to her an encouragement to proceed, it will not be the last. Her voice is not only of great compass, but possesses, also, much sweetness - qualities not often combined. Her first song, "Woodman, spare that tree", is more calculated for a baratone [sic] or bass voice than for a female singer. But without further alluding to the taste which dictated its selection, still, as affording an opportunity to judge of the depth of voice, no song, perhaps, for that purpose could have been more happily chosen. Under able tuition, a voice of such compass, uniting with its strength such flexibility and sweetness, could be raised to a high standard of appreciation, and by diligence and patience, by time and favouring circumstance, we may find in Mrs. Carandini a successful rival to any competitors for musical fame, at least in these colonies. An object of equal interest, though of a different nature, was Mrs. Bushelle, who, for the first time since her melancholy bereavement, appeared in her professional capacity. Her first song, "Di tanti palpiti", was probably the favourite with the audience, sung, as it was, with Mrs. Bushelle's accustomed intonation and strict pronunciation. We can scarcely add to the fame of Mrs. Bushelle by speaking of the exquisite execution of the songs by her of that evening; but it must be some source of satisfaction to her to find that the public have sympathised with her distress, and have so substantially manifested their disposition to alleviate it. Too often in the encouragement of talent "the word of promise is kept to the ear but broken to the hope"; but of the taste and generosity of the citizens of Hobart Town it cannot be said that they leave the exercise of such theatrical or musical talent as exists among them unrewarded. The voluntary act of Mrs. Clarke and her company, in extending to Mrs. Bushelle a benefit, shows a spirit of kindly sympathy with a distressed professional which is highly commendable, and at the next season we hope for the increased prosperity of Mrs. Clarke and her well-conducted company.


"THEATRE", The Courier [Hobart] (1 September 1843), 2 

The Victoria will be opened on Monday evening next for the general benefit of the ladies and gentlemen belonging to that establishment. On this occasion Mrs. Bushelle, who is desirous of making a return to the corps dramatique for their services on a former occasion, and also is about to depart hence for Sydney, will make her farewell appearance . . .

Sydney (September 1843 to March 1847)


13 September 1843, Eliza Bushelle and children, return to Sydney, NSW

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Australian (15 September 1843), 3 

Sept. 13. - The barque Cressy, 720 tons, Mollison, master, from Hobart Town the 6th. instant, with sundries. Passengers: J. Lawrence, Esq., R.N., surgeon. Lieutenant Deering, 99th regiment, Quarter-master Macdonald and family, Mr. Simmons, Mrs. Bushelle and family, fifty rank and file of the 99th regiment, seven women, and four children.


"MUSICAL INTELLIGENCE", The New South Wales magazine 1/11 (November 1843), 634-35 


5 November 1843, birth of William Benjaming Bushelle, Sydney, NSW

Bushelle William B NSW BDM 608/1843 V1843608 134

"BIRTHS", The Australian (11 November 1843), 2 

On Sunday the 5th instant, Mrs. Bushelle of a son.


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1844: 


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1845: 


27 January 1845, death of William Benjamin Bushelle, Sydney, NSW

Bushell William BDM NSW 21/1845 V184521 115

"DIED", The Australian (28 January 1845), 2 

BUSHELLE, William Benjamin, youngest son of the late Mr. John Bushelle, on the 27th instant, aged fifteen months, after four months illness, at the residence of his mother, 213, Castlereagh-street, Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1845), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. CONCERT. MR. DEANE begs most respectfully to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that he intends giving a CONCERT OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC At the Royal Hotel, George-street, on WEDNESDAY, 17TH SEPTEMBER, 1845 . . . PART II . . . 6. "The Gondolier's Song," (composed by Mrs. Bushelle). Mrs. Bushelle . . .


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1846: 


For all TROVE tagged Eliza Wallace Bushelle for 1847: 

"THE VICTORIA", The Australian (27 March 1847), 3 

This evening, in addition to the performances previously announced, the lovers of a good song, will have an opportunity, for the last time, of hearing Mrs. Bushelle in Sydney, her departure for England being fixed to take place in the Walmer Castle; Mrs. B. is to sing three of her best songs, - The Land of the West; Black Ey'd Susan; and, Now with Grief no longer bending. Her brother, Mr. S. W. Wallace, who sails in company with his sister, is also to perform on his violin for the last time. The piece he has selected for the occasion is the Solo, - Le Romantique. We may here state the circumstance of Mr. Wallace having been called upon by the audience on Thursday evening, to favor them with a farewell solo on his flute, to which solicitation he responded by giving a few of his best fantasia flourishes, introducing Auld Robin Gray, and the Coolun, and closing with, The Girl I've left behind me.


27 March 1846, departure of Eliza Wallace Bushelle "and child" (? John Butler Bushelle), and Spencer Wellington Wallace, for London

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (25 March 1847), 2 

VESSELS FOR LONDON. . . . The Walmer Castle will clear at the Customs this day or tomorrow, and sail positively on Saturday morning. The following are the names of her passengers: - Cabin - Sir Thomas Mitchell, Mr. Tooth, Mr. J. Mackintosh, Mr. S. Spyer, Rev. Mr. Scanlan . . .; Intermediate - Mr. Wallace, Mrs. Bushelle and child, Mrs. Davis, and Miss Bayley; Steerage - . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (30 March 1847), 2

SAILED. MARCH 27. - The ship WALMER CASTLE . . ..

Australia (1847-1863)

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, In Equity, In the matter of John Butler Bushelle an Infant, Petition of Mrs. Cruickshank for the appointment of A. T. Holroyd Esq. as Guardian; State Records Authority of NSW

[date on wrapper] 28 Sept. 1853

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales,
In Equity

In the matter of John Butler Bushelle an Infant

To the Honorable Sir Alfred Stephen Knight, and the Honorable John Nodes Dickenson and Roger Therry, Chief Justice, and Puisne Judges, of the said Court

The Humble Petition of Zophielle Cruickshank, the wife of William Cruickshank, on behalf of the said infant


That John Bushelle the father of the said infant died at Hobart Town in the Colony of Van Diemen's Land on or about the nineteenth day of June one thousand eight hundred and forty three leaving Elizabeth Bushelle his widow and two infant sons, that is to say the said John Butler Bushelle and Tobias Bushelle him surviving.

That the said Elizabeth Bushelle [1v] left this Colony for England some time in the commencement of the year one thousand eight hundred and forty seven, leaving the said infant John Butler Bushelle with your Petitioner and the said Infant Tobias Bushelle with Mr. Timothy Marr of Sydney.

That the said William Cruickshank, the husband of your petitioner, left this colony on or about the month of January one thousand eight hundred and forty nine.

That the said John Butler Bushelle has been residing with your Petitioner ever since the departure of his said Mother from the said Colony and has been maintained, clothed and educated by her and at her sole expense.

That Your Petitioner has heard nothing of the said Elizabeth Bushelle, the mother of the said Infants, for six or seven years last past.

That the said John Butler Bushelle attained the age of thirteen Years in or about the month of March last.

[2r] That Your Petitioner has obtained for the said Infant John Butler Bushelle a situation under Mr. William Weare Davis, the Government printer, and that it is requisite and necessary that the said infant should be apprenticed to the said William Weare Davis until he shall attain the age of Eighteen Years.

Your Petitioner has been advised that it is requisite and necessary that a Guardian should be appointed for the purpose of apprenticing the said Infant and Arthur Todd Holroyd Esq., Barrister at Law, has consented to act as such Guardian if approved of by this Honorable Court.

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays this Honorable Court will appoint the said Arthur Todd Holroyd Esquire or some other fit and proper person to be Guardian of [2v] the estate and person of the said Infant John Butler Bushelle, and that your honors will make such further or other order in the premises as to your Honors shall seem meet.

And Your Petitioner will ever truly be

[signed] Z. Cruikshank

William Teale
Solicitor for the Petitioner

William CROOKSHANKS / Cruikshank / Cruickshank / Crickshanks
Born Birmingham, England, c. 1808
Sentenced, Southhampton, England, 28 February 1825, 14 years transportation
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 January 1826 (per Marquis of Hastings, from England, 19 August 1825)
Married Zoephielle BLOOMFIELD (c. 1810-1892), Sydney, NSW, 27 June 1836
Died ?

Europe and America (1847-1863)

"MISCELLANEOUS", The Musical World (18 September 1847), 609 

MR. W. VINCENT WALLACE the favourite composer, returned from Vienna the week before last to London, to take back with him his sister, a soprano of great promise, who has been singing in Southern America with immense effect. Mr. Wallace, who had gone to the Austrian capital to prepare his opera of Matilda of Hungary, about to be produced at the Imperial Theatre, and was very busy in the arrangements required for the transferring of his last operatic work from the English to the German boards, no sooner heard of his sister's arrival in London, than he hastened to meet her and take her back with him to Vienna. Miss Wallace will appear as principal soprano in Mendelssohn's Elijah about to be produced in Vienna.

"MUSICAL", Hampshire Advertiser (20 November 1847), 2 [reprinted from The Musical World]

Wallace's opera of Maritana is about to be produced at Vienna, the principal parts sustained by Mdlle. Meyer (a pupil of Mendelssnon), Mdlle. Helreih, Herren Relscehsky and Staudigl. The composer has written a new scena and chorus for the last act, of which report speaks highly. Miss Wallace, the composer's sister, has made a great impression on the Viennoise, and is expressly engaged to sing at a grand concert before the Emperor and the Court. She is also engaged to sing at a concert to be given on the 8th of December, by the Brothers Helmesberger, the violinists; and subsequently at Parish Alvars's concert. She is next engaged to lend her vocal aid to a concert about to be given by Madam Schutz Oldose, prima donna to the Court of Austria; and finally purposes giving a concert on her own account.


"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Musical World (12 February 1848), 107 

We observe that after a long interval, occasioned we understand by some points of difference between Mr. Surman, the conductor, and the Committee, the concerts of this Society recommence on Thursday next, with Haydn's Creation. Miss Wallace, who is engaged as soprano, is sister to Mr. Wallace the composer of Maritana, and has sung, we are informed, very successfully in various parts of the Continent, gaining laurels, especially in the severer school of German vocalization. This will be her first appearance before an English audience, and a decided hit is anticipated.

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Athenaueum (19 February 1848), 196 

. . . we turn with pleasure to speak of the appearance of Miss Wallace, (sister of the composer), who sang, for the first time, in "The Creation," on Thursday. This lady has a good soprano voice, - powerful and rich rather than flexible. But her obvious timidity makes it desirable that she should be "remanded" for a future hearing ere the Critic pronounce a final opinion on her "present state and future prospects."

"MRS. BUSHELLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 February 1848), 2 

Our celebrated songstress (Mrs. Bushelle) is about starring it on the Continent, by the following extract from the Musical World of a recent date. Mrs. B. makes her debut in her maiden name (Miss Wallace), and comes from South America! "Mr. W. V. Wallace, the favourite composer, returned from Vienna last week to London, to take back with him his sister, Miss Wallace, a soprano of great promise, who has been singing in South America with great effect. Mr. Wallace had gone to the Austrian capital to prepare his opera of 'Matilda of Hungary,' to be produced at the Imperial Theatre, and was very busy in the arrangements required for the transferring of his last operatic work from the English to the German boards, and no sooner heard of his sister's arrival in London than he hastened to meet her and take her to Vienna. Miss Wallace will appear as principal soprano in Mendellsohn's 'Elijah,' about to be produced in Vienna." Another London paper also says, "A sister of W. V. Wallace, the composer, is shortly to make her debut at Vienna. She is said to have a wonderful organ."

"MR. WILLY'S QUARTET CONCERT", The Musical World (3 March 1848), 151 

The concert of this talented violinist should have occupied a place in our columns before this, but for the unavoidable interruptions which pertain to all weekly journals, especially to one constituted like ours, and over which we possess hardly any controul. Mr. Willy's concert took place on the 23rd ult., at Erard's Harp Rooms, Berner's Street . . . Miss Wallace's vocalisation was a masterpiece of art. Handel's song ["Comfort ye my people", and "Every valley"], though written for a tenor, afforded Miss Wallace scope to exhibit the unusual compass of her voice and display its quality and tone to great advantage; while in the recitative we had an admirable foretaste of those declamatory powers, which we feel assured will render the fair artiste one of the brightest ornaments of the English stage. Miss Wallace was accompanied on the pianoforte by her accomplished brother, Vincent Wallace - need we say with what effect . . .

"M. THALBERG'S [CONCERT]", The Musical World (11 March 1848), 170 

Exeter Hall was crowded to excess on Monday evening, M. Thalberg having announced his concert to take place, and it being the first appearance of the celebrated pianist these three years . . . Miss Wallace, in "Black-eyed Susan," showed herself no less competent to interpret simple strains with purity and truthfulness, than to expeess the classical with vigor and power . . .

"MRS. ANDERSON'S CONCERT", The Musical World (3 June 1848), 360-61 

. . . [361] . . . ["Qui la voce", Bellini] . . . Miss Wallace's splendid soprano voice was heard to great advantage in Grisi's air from Puritani. This lady is undoubtedly an admirable artist, and has a very superior style. We hope ere long to have the pleasure of recording her triumphant success on the stage . . .

"MRS. BUSHELLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1848), 2 

This vocalist is, in the Observer newspaper, of the 13th February, announced, under the name of Miss Wallace, to sing on the 19th of that month in Handel's [sic] Oratorio of "The Creation" at one of the Sacred Harmonic Society's concerts.

"MESSRS. HENRY AND RICHARD BLAGROVE'S . . .", The Musical World (15 July 1848), 461 

. . . ["Though clouds by tempests" Der Freischutz] . . . Weber's romance was sung by Miss Wallace with fervid expression.

"CONCERTS", The Musical World (5 August 1848), 525 

Mr. H. J. St. Leger gave a Soiree Musicale on Monday, at 15, Saville Row, the residence of James Yeareley, Esq., which was well attended . . . Among the vocalists were Madame Sabatier, the Misses Emma, Rosina, and Victoria Collins, Miss Dulacher, Miss Bassano, Mr. T. Williams, and the Signori Gardoni and Coletti; and among the instrumentalists, Mademoiselle Hélene Stoepel (piano) . . . Mr. Vincent Wallace (piano), and M. Remusat (flute) . . . Miss Wallace sang "Qui la voce," and produced a great effect by the ease with which she overcame the bravura passages, and the delicacy with which she delivered the piano phrases. Miss Wallace has a soprano voice of power and clearness, and is altogether an accomplished vocalist.

"THEATRE ROYAL, CONVENT GARDEN", The Musical World (30 September 1848), 625 

Mr. Bunn has published his prospectus, and certainly a formidable array of talent is presented therein. The prospectus begins by stating that "the theatre will open for the usual winter season on Saturday, October 7th". . . Among the soprani we have the following names: - Mdlle. Nissen, Miss Romer, Miss Wallace, Miss Nelson, Miss Messent, and Madame Stoltz . . . Miss Wallace is sister to Mr. Vincent Wallace, the composer, and will make her first appearance on the English stage. This lady has already won our high regards as a brilliant concert room singer, and we have on several occasions borne testimony to her excellence as a vocalist. She has a fine toned, clear soprano voice, with a rich middle voice, a rare addition to a high soprano, and which has apparently been carefully trained and cultivated. From what we were enabled to judge of Miss Wallace in a concert-room, we are inclined to think she will prove greatly successful on the stage. Mr. Bunn displayed his usual operatic tact in engaging the services of Miss Wallace . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL COVENT GARDEN", Morning Post (10 October 1848), 3

THEATRE ROYAL COVENT GARDEN . . . The opera selected for the occasion was Vincent Wallace's popular Maritana, in which his sister, Miss Wallace, made her debut in the character of the Zingara maiden. This lady has been heard at several concerts with good approbation, and great hope was entertained that she would prove an efficient prima donna. Her voice is a mezzo-soprano of good quality and ample range, reaching from D below the line to F in alt. Her execution is facile, and her divisions managed with clearness, but she lacks ai present brilliancy and spontaneity. At moments her intonation seemed to suffer from the nervousness consequent upon a first appearance before a strange audience. She acted with considerable self-possession, but wants the grace of action and of movement which stage habit can alone impart. Her reception was exceedingly genial, and considerable applause attended her exertions during the course of the opera. The pretty air, "Scenes that are brightest," and the final rondo were encored . . .

"COVENT GARDEN THEATER", Evening Mail (11 October 1848), 1

The English opera season commenced last night [Monday 9th], with Mr. Wallace's Maritana, one of the most popular productions during Mr. Bunn's management of Drury-lane. The most iateresting circumstance on the occasion was the debut of Miss Wallace, the composer's sister, who, though she has sung at concerts, is entirely new to the stage. Her voice is not very flexible, but it is of good quality in the middle and lower regions, while the upper notes are not always reached without an effort that compromises intonation. Her execution is generally neat, and within what seems to be the natural compass of her voice she is agreeable vocalist. Her aria in the third act, "Scenes that are brightest," and her finale were both encored, the latter, however, not without an opposition, which nearly ended in a disturbance. The partisans of the encore were a decided majority, and succeeded in bringing Miss Wallace before the curtain amid loud acclamations. Another debutante was Miss Nelson, daughter of the popular composer, who appeared in the small but effective character of Lazarillo . . .

"COVENT GARDEN", The Athenaueum (14 October 1848), 1034 

. . . There have been sundry débuts this week . . . That of Miss Wallace in "Maritana" must be laid by for further consideration . . .

"THE THEATRES. COVENT-GARDEN", Illustrated London News (14 October 1848), 10

. . . On Monday, it was Miss Wallace who came for the first time on the English stage as Maritana; and Miss Eliza Nelson as Lazarillo, the part formerly sustained by Miss Poole. No vocalist ever presented herself with greater sympathy in her behalf than Miss Wallace. As the sister of the composer who has given to the world one of the most charming operas ever written, there was an evident anxiety that her success should be decided; but at the end of the opera, after making every allowance for the nervousness of a début, there could be but one opinion, namely, that the attempt was a mistake. Between room singing and stage singing there is a notable difference; but it is inconceivable to us, how, for one moment, it could have been imagined that she possessed qualifications to take the lead as a prima donna. Miss Eliza Nelson is very young, very pretty, very timid, and very awkward, but she has a mezzosoprano voice, the lower notes of which are good, and there is some promise about her . . .

ASSOCATIONS: Eliza Nelson, daughter of Sidney Nelson, later in Australia as Mrs. H. T. Craven

"THE DRAMA. COVENT-GARDEN", Bell's New Weekly Messenger (15 October 1848), 5

. . . the opening opera was not one of those well calculated to display the great resources of the theatre as at present constituted. The Maritana of Wallace, though embracing some charming melodiees and excellent instrumentation, is more adapted a small than a large theatre, from its paucity of grand concerted pieces and chorusses; still the agreeable romanza, "Pretty Gitana;" the graceful air, "There is a flower that bloometh;" the martial strain, "Let like a soldier fall;" "Scenes that are brightest;" the quaint and pretty "Turn on, old Time" and the fanciful "'Tis the harp in the air," will always be to certain extent popular . . . Miss Wallace, the debutante of the evening, is a sister of the composer, and her voice is a mezzo soprano ranging perhaps from C to C, the upper notes being the worst, and the lower notes moderately firm and good; like most mezzo sopranos forced into the soprano range, the upper notes ate not very agreeable: her execution is, at the same time, very uncertain, her intonation being frequently deficient, and her style might be improved; so that, although she won an encore in "Scenes that are brightest," and also in the finale, still there was nothing to found any decided success upon, and she has much to learn before ahe can look forward to any great decree of popularity . . .

"COVENT GARDEN", The Newspaper (21 October 1848), 344 

THIS theatre was opened on Monday week by Mr. Bunn, who has taken it for the purpose of making another experiment in "Opera," with the aid of the "Royal Italian" musical staff. The pieces presented on Monday were Mr. Wallace's "Maritana" and the ballet of the "Amazons." The opera was performed in many important respects with the same cast with which it was originally produced in 1845, viz., Mr. Berrani as Charles II of Spain, Mr. Harrison as Don Caesar de Bazan, and Mr. H. Phillips as Don Jose. The part of Maritana, originally performed by Miss Romer, was on this occasion the medium of introducing for the first time Miss Wallace, the sister of the composer . . .

"MUSIC AT BRIGHTON", The Musical World (4 November 1848), 717 

A Capital and well-ordered Concert took place at the Town Hall on Wednesday, October the 25th, which was fashionably attended. The singers were Miss Wallace, sister the popular composer, Miss Kell, Herr Muller, Herr Goldberg, and Herr Wehle . . . Miss Wallace sang Bellini's "Qui la voce," with considerable brilliancy and produced a great effect on her hearers. She was equally happy in "Scenes that are brightest;" which won a deserved encore. A song, and a pretty one, too, composed expressly for her by Herr Schmidt, (with horn obligate) by Jarrett, was immensely applauded. Miss Wallace has made a highly successful debut at Brighton . . .

"MRS. BUSHELLE", The Melbourne Daily News (29 November 1848), 3 

"Mrs. Bushelle", Bathurst Advocate (2 December 1848), 4 

The following is extracted from the Musical World:

Exeter Hall. - Haydn's Oratio [sic], The Creation, was performed on Thursday evening by the Harmonic Society. The performance was in every degree excellent. The great novelty of the evening was the appearance of Miss Wallace, sister to the popular composer, Vincent Wallace, who made a decided hit. This young lady has been for some years in Austral! where she created an extraordinary sensation, singing in all the favourite operas of the modern school. We are not much inclined to subscribe to transatlantic opinions on the merits of an artist; we must, however, acknowledge the truth of the American! reports in the present instance. Miss Wallace is really a true artist. She has a splendid soprano voice, clear, brilliant, powerful and flexible, and sings with irreproachable taste and judgment. Her voice, too, has considerable compass, and may be said to unite the two registers of soprano and mezzo soprano. Miss Wallace, we understand, is a first-rate dramatic artist. We are not unwilling to give credit to this, as the criticisms we have read in the journals of her vocal powers are by no means overrated. Miss Wallace made the greatest hit we have witnessed for many years at Exeter Hall. In her first song, "The Marvellous Work" she was enthusiastically cheered, the whole audience being driven from their propriety to give vent to their feelings in the heartiest applause. "With Verdure clad" was deliciously given, and again called for the loudest demonstrations of the audience. Her singing this most exquisite air proved beyond all doubt her musical feeling, as well as her musical powers. It was worthy of the greatest vocalist. Miss Wallace achieved a triumphant success; and the Sacred Harmonic Society may rejoice at having found so rare and gifted a songstress to fill the part of first soprano. But, according to all accounts, the arena on which Miss Wallace is to achieve her greatest fame will, be the stage. We have immense hopes of of Miss Wallace's dramatic success from what we heard on Thursday evening. There is much in her singing that evidences a fitness for the stage. Her face and figure are also in her favour; the one having much expression the other much grace. We shall be delighted to see Miss Wallace make her debut in opera. The principal vocalists engaged with Miss Wallace were Messrs. Lockey, H. Phillips, and Leffler, all of whom acquitted themselves to admiration, Mr. Lockey especially, on whom the most onerous portion of the vocal music devolved, Mr. Tolbecque led the band, and Mr. Miller presided at the organ. Mr. Perry appeared for the first time as conducter. At the beginning of the evening there were loud cries for Mr. Surman, the late conductor, which, however, were instantly quelled. - [We hope the editors skill exceeds his knowledge of geography: we should like to see the American reports of Miss Wallace's performances in "Austral."]


"LONDON THEATRICALS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (17 February 1849), 3 

After the flattering opinions which we have read in the English Press respecting the musical abilities of Mrs. Bushelle (once again Miss Wallace) we were extremely surprised to find this piece of criticism in the "John Bull" of the 14th October . . .:

. . . [Mr. Bunn] opened with Wallace's 'Maritana', an opera of some merit certainly, but so hackneyed and threadbare as to have lost all its attraction. There was, consequently, a very indifferent house; and the audience did not find the triteness of the piece relieved by its manner ot performance. The character of the heroine, which formerly belonged to Miss Romer, was given to Miss Wallace, a debutante, whose appearance was all but a failure. As an actress her qualities amounted to "nil;" her voice, naturally good, was unformed; and her execution distressingly imperfect and uncertain . . .

"MRS. BUSHELLE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 February 1849), 4 

Covent Garden - that palace of a theatre - was opened on Monday evening, October 8th, by Mr. Bunn, for English opera and ballet. "Maritana" was judiciously chosen for the début of Miss Wallace, who, although possessing many of the requisites for a first-rate singer, is deficient in soul. The word may be deemed indefinite by some, when presented to the eye, but will be felt as a truth by all who heard the debutante. At the same time first appearance may be completely over-ruled by further presentations and more familiarity with a London audience. - Lady's Magazine.

[3 mentions], The Athenaeum (26 May 1849), 552 

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENTS", The Dramatic and Musical Review (16 June 1849), 187-88 

Miss MESSENT gave a morning concert, under the most distinguished patronage, on the 31st ult. The programme was most unexceptionable - several of the celebrities of the season, and a number of select vocalists, were its exponents. Mr. Sims Reeves, Herr Pischek, Messrs. Burdini, Bodda, Herbert, Miss Lucombe, the Misses Pyne, Miss Dolby, Miss Wallace, Madlle. Nissen, Miss Kate Loder, Mr. Rockstro, and M. Sainton. The clever and accomplished beneficiaire gave "Se crudeie" in an artistical and unexceptionable style; she was encored in a duet with Pischek. Mons. Sprenger and Mr. W. V. Wallace were the accompanyists.

At Willis's Rooms, on Friday, the 8th, Mr. Frank Bodda gave a soiree musicals, under distinguished patronage. The Misses Pyne, Miss Birch, Miss Messent, Miss Bassano, Miss Wallace, Madlles. Nissen and Graumann, Miss Kate Loder, and Madame Goftrie; Messrs. Bodda, Ciabatta, Cellini, Brandt, Chatterton, and Jewson, most effectually carried out a somewhat [188] lengthy programme, in which it is regretted room could only be found for the works of two English composers. The beautiful trio, "Remorse and dishonour," from Wallace's opera of "Maritana," was well sung by Miss Wallace, Herr Brandt, and Frank Bodda, and highly appreciated . . . The room was crowded.

"MUSIC. CONCERTS", The Illustrated London News (21 July 1849), 42 

M. de Kontski, the violinist, gave a matinée musicale, on Monday, at Mdme. Dulcken's residence in Harley-street . . . Mdlle. de Meric, one of the most beautiful contraltos now on the stage, Miss Wallace, who shines in a concertroom, Signori Gardoni, Tagliafico, and Tamburini, were the vocalists.

Madame de Lozano, an accomplished vocalist, particularly in the airs of her native country, Spain, gave her annual concert, on Monday, at the Hanover Rooms, assisted by Madame Annette Lebrun, Mdlle. Graumann, Miss Wallace, Miss Andrews, Madame Lemaire, Herr Schönhoff, Mr. Malwatsch, &c. Benedict, Wallace, and Pilotti were the conductors.

Miss Wallace, the sister of Vincent Wallace, the composer, has given a matinée musicale at the Beethoven Rooms, assisted by the Misses A. and M. Williams, Bassano, Messent, Lucombe, Messrs. Reeves, Lockey, Herr Schönhoff, and Herr Formes; with Mdlle. Stöpel, Madame Goffrie, and Mr. Wallace, as pianists; M. de Kontski, as violinist; and Mr. Jarret, horn, solo instrumentalists; and Lavenu and Signor Orsini, conductors. Miss Wallace is heard to the greatest advantage as a concert-room singer.

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENTS", The Dramatic and Musical Review (September 1849), 235 

Miss HENRIETTA DAVISON's soiree musicale was held on the 30th ult., at Blagrove's Rooms, Mortimer-street, in the presence of a well-filled room. She was assisted by Miss Wallace and Madame Oswald; Messrs. T. Williams, E. Hart, Schiinhoff, Muller, Gollmick (piano), Lidle (violoncello), R. Blagrove (concertina), and H. Blagrove (violin). Miss Davison is a vocalist of ability; her singing is marked by taste and expression; she introduced two ballads by Lachner and Krebs, and assisted in Barnett's exquisite trio, "This magic-wove scarf." Miss Wallace gave the Page's opening song, from "The Huguenots," with dramatic effect . . .

"MRS. BUSHELLE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (8 December 1849), 2 

The admirers of this clever artiste will be glad to hear of her steady and successful progress in London. By lately received papers we find that she gave a grand concert at the Beethoven Rooms, Harley-street, in July last. A numerous and fashionable audience attended; and Mrs. Bushelle was assisted by the chief vocal and instrumental performers of the season. The leading journals speak in high terms of the whole arrangements.


District of New York, Port of New York, 18 May 1850 . . . manifest of all the passengers taken of board the bark Kathleen . . . from Rio de Janiero

Mad. E. Wallace Bushelle / 26 / Female / Artist / Great Britain / . . .
Miss Helena Stoepel / 21 / Female / Pianist / Germany . . .

[15 June 1850], Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Strong on music 2: reverberations, 1850-1856, 106 (PREVIEW)


"GRAND CONCERT OF W. VINCENT WALLACE", The Evening Post [New York] (18 April 1851), 2

We call the attention of our readers to the programme of the forthcoming Grand Concert of the eminent composer, violinist and pianist, W. Vincent Wallace. It ia one of the most attractive, in every respect, that we have seen for a long time; there ia nothing poor in it; the music ia good, and the classical selections of the very highest character. Wallace himself, is a universal favorite in this city, and is looked upon as among the greatest players of the age. This, his firrt appearance in six years, will assuredly be a triumph. Madame Bouchelle also, it is believed, will at once take first rank among vocalists. There seems to be no difference of opinion respecting her talents . . .

[22 April 1851]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 182 (PREVIEW)

[26 April 1851]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 148 (PREVIEW)

"MUSIC", The Literary World (3 May 1851), 360 

. . . the concert given by W. V. Wallace last week at Tripler Hall, made quite an event for the time being. Though consisting almost entirely of the composer's productions, the programme was interestin, as it included also a genuine pleasure for the lovers of classical music, viz. Spohr's Double Quartet. This exquisite composition was, however, only partially given, commencing with the lovely slow movement, but it was very well played by Mr. Wallace and his assistants, and formed, therefore, the greatest attraction of the evening. Madame Bouchelle, a lady who sings ballads with some taste, and clearness, was the principal vocalist.

[EWB concert, Chinese Rooms, New York, 10 June 1851]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 183 

. . . "Cradle Song" [Wallace] . . . was one of the sweetest things we have ever listened to. It touched the maternal bosom in a tender place, and made many a mother's eye glisten with emotion . . . (Mirror, 11 June 1851)

Cradle song [Sweet and low], as sung by Madame E. Wallace Bushelle, words by Alfred Tennyson; music by W. Vincent Wallace

(New York: William Hall & Son, [1851]) 

[25 June 1851]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 144 (PREVIEW)

"ORATORIO OF ELIJAH", The Literary World (5 July 1851), 13 

It was our good fortune to be present on Wednesday evening at the performance by the New York Harmonic Society of this celebrated Oratorio . . . The principal solo parts were sustained by Madame E. Wallace Bouchelle, Miss Leach, and Messrs. Leach and Arthurson . . .

[29 November 1851]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 204 (PREVIEW)


[28 February 1852]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 239 (PREVIEW)

[1 March 1852]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 310 (PREVIEW)

[16 March 1852]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 303 (PREVIEW)

"Music in New York", Dwight's Journal of Music (22 May 1852), 53 

. . . A complimentary concert to a very deserving artist - the Contra-bassist CASOLANI - filled Niblo's saloon one evening and deployed a host of various talent . . . Young BBAHAM sang several of his English ballad-songs with good effect. But Madame BOUCHELLE - forgetting who had sung before her, and how - ventured upon Casta Diva. Madame Bouchelle is not equal to Casta Diva. It is a very remarkable fact, if she does not know it; and if she does, her singing it is the more remarkable. It is to be said, however, that she was disappointed in the presence of an artist who was to assist her, and was therefore obliged to substitute the Aria for the song allotted her. But it was a great error of judgment to select Casta Diva . . .

[29 May 1852]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 251 (PREVIEW)

The men of the time; or, Sketches of living notables (New York: Redfield, 1852), 523 

WALLACE, WILLIAM VINCENT . . . His sister, Madame Bouchelle, is a soprano singer of considerable celebrity.


[19 January 1853]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 332 (PREVIEW)

"Musical Matters", The Musical World (5 February 1853), 81 

New York. - Private Charity Concert. A most laudable enterprise on the part of the ladies of New York, was successfully accomplished in the charity concert at Niblo's Saloon last Saturday evening, at which Madame Sontag was the presiding spirit of melody . . . a house was secured in the First Avenue, near 14th street, where such destitute persons could be accommodated, and supplied with work . . . In aid of this project, then, application was made to the charitable heart of Madame Sontag, who, in connection with Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Vincent Wallace (the latter as accomplished an artiste as her husband is a composer) their sister Madame Bouchelle, Madame Pico Vietti, Signor Rocco, Mr. Frazier and Mr. Eben, composed the attractive list of performers . . .


"Musical Intelligence. DOMESTIC", New York Weekly Review (30 March 1854), 106 

NEW-YORK. ALMOST nothing has transpired since our last. Two or three complimentary concerts have been given, one of the most successful of which occurred last week at Niblo's Saloon, in honor of Madame BOUCHELLE, sister of W. V. WALLACE, and at which both the eminent composer and his wife, together with other artists, assisted. Notwithstanding the prevalence of a March storm at the time, the hall was filled with a brilliant and enthusiastic auditory. The piano-forte duet, performed by Mr. and Mrs. Wallace was greeted by the wildest demonstrations of delight, as was also Wallace's Second Concert Polka. Altogether, the affair was highly creditable, both to the assistant performers and the fair beneficiary of the evening.

[Concert, in aid of a "Destitute Family", Stuyvesant Institute, 28 January 1854]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 497 (PREVIEW)

Mrs. Bostwick, EWB, Caroline Lehmann, and members of the Grisi-Mario Opera Company

[Concert, ladies of Calvary Church tribute to Madame Wallace Bushelle, Niblo's Salon, 22 March 1854]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 498 (PREVIEW)

EWB was the solo soprano of Calvary Church (Fourth Avenue, between 21st and 22nd Streets); WVW appeared; and his brother-in-law Frank Stoepel sang a ballad composed by EWB

Louis Jullien's concert, The Tabernacle, New York, 3 May 1854; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 510 (PREVIEW)

Benefit for the New York Fire Department; as well as EWB, assisted by Mrs. Chrome, Miss Behrend, and Paul Jullien

"The Musical Congress in New York", Dwight's Journal of Music (24 June 1854), (8)-9 

The Crystal Palace, last week, was the scene of a remarkable event. It was our good fortune to be present, and we shall treasure the recollection among our most gratifying musical experiences. The opening Concert of Thursday eveing, which was the "Congress" par ercellence and the only one that we attended, was indeed a wonderful combination of a magnificent spectacle, of the ne plus ultra of Jullien-Barnum clap-trap, and of sublime musical effects, such as have never before been listened to on this side of the Atlantic . . .

See also Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 462, 469 (PREVIEW) (PREVIEW)

"Public Amusements", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (6 October 1854), 2 

AN OLD ACQUAINTANCE WITH A NEW NAME. - We observe by the New York papers that Mrs. Bushel [Bushelle] (formerly of Sydney), sister to Mr. V. Wallace, is singing in America, under the name of Madame Wallace Bouchelle.

"New York", Dwight's Journal of Music (14 October 1854), 14 

Mr. APTOMMAS gave a Harp Soirée last evening in Dodsworth's Hall, assitsed by Mme. WALLACE BOUCHELLE, and Messrs. TIMMS and ALLAN DODSOWRTH.

[Concert, benefit for St. Stephen's Church, Academy of Music, 14 December 1854; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 497 (PREVIEW)


[Concert, Dodsworth's Rooms, New York, Saturday 22 December 1855]

"MUSICAL GOSSIP", Music Review and Gazette (15 December 1855), 414 

Mr. EISFELD will give his second soiree at Dodworth's on Saturday evening, assisted by Mr. H. C. Timm and Mad. Wallace Bouchelle. Mad. Bouchelle will sing an aria by Mozart, and a ballad by Mr. Eisfeld . . .

"MUSICAL", The Criterion (22 December 1855), 123 

Theodore Eisfeld, as the lovers of classical music in this city are well aware, is giving a series of musical soirees in the comfortable saloon of Dodworth's Academy in Broadway. Saturday night it rained, and it was foggy, and it was damp, and generally uncomfortable, but notwithstanding, the second soiree of the season was well attended by perhaps the most truly refined and intellectual audience in the city. There were no snobs present; white kids were ignored; every one there came to listen, and it was an agreeable contrast to the whispering and giggling that is continually going on during the Academy of Music performances, to note the rapt attention, and delighted silence of Mr. Eisfeld's audiences . . . The vocalist of the evening was Mrs. Wallace Bouchelle, who song a recitative and aria of Mozart's, "Ch'io mi scordi di te," and a ballad composed by Mr. Eisfeld. This lady has a powerful voice, the lower notes being very full and agreeable, but the upper register is harsh and unpleasant. The aria of Mozart was an ambitious attempt, and somewhat beyond the capabilities of the performer, but in the ballad of Mr. Eisfeld's ["O come to me my darling love"] she sang with great taste and expression, and was much applauded . . .

[Concert, Dodsworth's Rooms, New York, 16 May 1856]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 784 (PREVIEW)

Concert at Dodsworth's Rooms, with E. Wallace-Boushelle, Richard Hoffman, Karl Wels, T. F. Bassford, and Emilio Halma; in part 1 EWB sang Grand scene from Der Freischütz (Weber), and song "Go, go, thou restless wind (Wallace); and in part 2, song "The rapture dwelling" (Balfe) . . .

[Karl Wel's annual concert, Dodsworth's Rooms, New York, 23 May 1856]; Lawrence, Strong on music 2, 740 (PREVIEW)

As well as EWB, co-artists were Gottschalk, Bernardi, Aptommas, and the Mollenhauer brothers.

[New York, 2 May 1858]; (PREVIEW)

[New York, 11 July 1860]; (PREVIEW)

A tribute concert to Vincent Wallace, who was back in NY on a visit; unclear whether EWB arrived with him, or not

Sydney (1863 onward)

Roger Therry, Reminiscences (1863), 113

. . . Bushell - known by the sobriquet of the "Knave of Diamonds" - was a convict of very varied accomplishments. He spoke German and French as fluently as English. His knowledge of German facilitated the commission of the fraud for which he was transported. Personating a Prussian baron, well moustached and disguised in suitable costume, he gave an order to an eminent jeweller (Hamlet) to provide him with diamonds of the value of several thousand pounds. Whilst the order was in progress of execution, he gave another order to a jeweller to provide him with lowpriced imitation diamonds, and to prepare a box similar to the one containing the pure ones. Afterwards, by extraordinary dexterity, on the occasion of one of his visits to Hamlet, he contrived to substitute the mock box for the real and valuable one, and with it escaped to the Continent, where he was detected with either the diamonds or the proceeds he obtained from the pawnbroker to whom he had transferred them. I have not met with a report of Bushell's trial, but this is the tale of his adventures current in the Colony. Bushell had a voice almost equal to Lablache, to whom in size and person he bore a strong resemblance. He was the principal singer for many years at our theatres and concerts in Sydney. There, he made a respectable connexion by marriage, and led, I believe, a reputable life. He died a few years ago in easy circumstances.

[Review] [from the Athenaeum], Empire (23 April 1863), 2

[Review], "MR. THERRY'S BOOK", Empire (27 April 1863), 8

[Review], "NEWS AND NOTES BY A SYDNEY MAN", The Courier (1 May 1863), 3 

. . . But to return to Mr. Therry. One of the stories he takes up is that of the late Bushelle, the eminent musician, who married a sister of Mr. Wallace, the eminent composer. In a smart review which appears in this day's Empire, the following remarks occur, and I am sure that they will meet with the approval of every manly mind:

"Here is the history of a man whose life appears, on Mr. Therry's showing, to have been an atonement for a solitary offence. In this city, at this moment, there are two young men of blameless life, just commencing a struggle with the world, who are the sons of this person. Hundreds here only know them as the orphan children of an accomplished musician. Mr. Therry, in the last moments of his life, esteems it a matter of imperative duty to proclaim that they are the off spring of a well known criminal."

NOTE: The writer is evidently complaining on behalf of Bushelle's two sons, John Butler, and Tobias Vincent.

"NOTES ON MUSIC. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1863), 2 

SIR, - . . . I have heard enthusiastic amateurs recall with delight the performances of Cavendish, of Horncastle, of Mrs. Bushell, and of Vincent Wallace, and I have sometimes wondered what those artists' sensations would be could they now visit us once more . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1863), 1 

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1863), 16 

. . . On the 8th instant, the Philharmmonic Society, which has lately been re-organised, gave their first concert of the season - the most noticeable feature in the announcement being the re-appearance of Mrs. Bushelle, after an absence of many years, and though she still sings with artistic elegance the fullness of youth has departed from her voice . . .

[Advertisement], The Round Table [New York] (6 February 1864), 97 

NEW MUSIC. SONGS . . . Our Banner Floats Proudly, worrds by Mrs. Col. M. M. Van Borren; music by E. Wallace Bouchelle . . . DODWORTHm No. 6 Astor Place

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (11 March 1864), 5

. . . This was followed by the magnificent cavatina from tha "Huguenots," "Nobil Donna a tanto onessa," splendidly sang by Madame Wallace Bushelle, to whose voice time has been more than usually kind, and who sang the scena so well as to be recalled when she substituted "The rapturous dwelling," from the "Maid of Artois," and being again encored sang "La Colosa," a Spanish romance . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 August 1865), 1

. . . The ORPHEONIST SOCIETY has most kindly volunteered a GRAND MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT, in aid of the Funds for the restoration of ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL . . . Song - "THE DESTRUCTION OF ST. MARY'S" (Mr. G. F. Jackson) Written by G. F. JACKSON, composed by Madame E. WALLACE BUSHELLE, expressly for this occasion . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1865), 4

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times [London] (1 November 1865), 167 

. . . ON the 1st August, the Orpheonist Society gave a concert at the Masonic Hall. The programme was of a miscellaneous character, and the performers consisted principally of the pupils of Madame E. Wallace Bushelle, whose talent as instructress, and skill as a musician, are well known. Two of the ladies particularly distinguished themselves; and the gentlemen, especially the tenor, gave great promise of future excellence. Mr. Callen conducted with his usual precision . . . CONCERTs have also been given in the suburban districts of Balmain, Newtown and Cook's River, which appear to have been called into existence by the diffusion of the cheap editions of the Standard Works by Messrs. Novello and Co.

"MUSICAL NOTES", Round Table (16 September 1865), 29 

William Vincent Wallace, who has been ill in Paris since December last, is recovering. His physician has sent him to the Pyrenees. His wife, so well known here as Madame Bouchelle-Wallace, is with him.

Clearly a confusion

"Nos. 253-4. W. VINCENT WALLACE", The Autographic Mirror (4 November 1865), (79)-80 

. . . About the middle of last month Wallace was taken to the house of a friend, the Chateau de Bagen, in Haute Garonne. Virtually he never left his bed, even on the journey, for he was removed in a recumbent position by easy stages. Here in the Pyrenees the last prostration overtook him, and the issue was too plain to be further mistaken. His nephew, Mr. J. B. Bushelle, was sent for, and arrived in time to receive his last breath.

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times (1 March 1866), 251 

. . . MADAME E. Wallace Bushelle (sister of the late composer Vincent Wallace) gave an "Exposition of Vocal Art," in the form of a Concert, at the Freemasons' Hall, on the 18th December, in which the whole of the music was executed by her own present and past pupils. A large and fashionable audience attended.

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times (1 June 1866), 319 

. . . A CONCERT was given on the 26th of February, by Madame E. Wallace Bushelle, at the School of Arts, in which her skill as a musician and instructress were very ably displayed by the large number of her pupils who assisted at the concert . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1878), 6 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1878), 1

BUSHELLE. - August 16, at her residence, Victoria-street, Madame E. Wallace Bushelle, aged 56 years.

"Elizabeth Bushelle d. 16 August 1878", NSW death registration (29 August 1878) 1878/1575

Elizabeth Bushelle / [date of death] 16 August 1878 / [place] Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, NSW / Professor of music / Female / 58 / [Father] Wallace / Bandmaster / [married] Sydney [at age] 18 [to] John Butler Bushelle / [children of marriage] John Butler, Vincent Tobias, living; 1 female deceased / [informant] S. M. Mowle, friend, Waverley Street Bondi / [cause of death] disease of liver and heart / [length of illness] 18 months / [medical attendant] Dr. Schuette / [last seen] same day / [place of burial ] R.C. Cemetery Necropolis / [Undertaker] James Curtis / [Witnesses] Patrick Kirby, William Hyde / [Registered] 29 August 1878, Sydney

ASSOCIATIONS: Stewart Marjoribanks Mowle (informant, friend)

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1878), 5 

"OBITUARY: MADAME WALLACE BUSHELLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1878), 8

The death of this lady, which took place suddenly on the 16th instant, has removed from our midst one of our oldest and best-known musicians. The deceased lady was the daughter of Mr. Wallace, for many years bandmaster of the 29th or Queen's Own Regiment, and sister of the late Vincent Wallace, the eminent composer. The last named having received the appointment of organist at the Roman Catholic Church of Thurles, and teacher of music in the Rosaline Convent there, placed his sister under the charge of the Sisters of the convent. At ten years of age she was able to play difficult airs on the violin, and possessed remarkable vocal ability. This talent she perseveringly cultivated, and those who remember Sydney some thirty-five years ago, may recollect her appearance at public concerts in company with her brother and Mr. John Bushelle, the latter of whom she subsequently married. At the early age of 21 she became a widow, and returning to Europe with her brother, was engaged by Mendelssohn to sing in the "Elijah " at Vienna. After fulfilling a series of engagements in Europe and America she again came to Australia about the year 1864 and settled here as a teacher or music. In this capacity she was remarkably successful, and as she was a strict grammarian, her pupils were invariably turned out well grounded in the rudiments of the art. To her tuition most of our accomplished lady amateurs are indebted for their skill as vocal musicians. The concerts which she periodically gave, assisted by her pupils, will be remembered with much pleasure by those who had opportunities of attending them. Ill health and the infirmities of age lately precluded her from following her profession, and hence her name has been little heard of in public. She died very suddenly in the end of some affection of the heart, at the age of fifty-six years.

"A WIFE'S CONSTANCY: A Touching Romance Related by Alice Dunning Lingard", The Providence Sunday Star (20 April 1882), 3,5026131

"A WIFE'S CONSTANCY", The Daily Astorian (10 May 1882), 1 

It was in the green room of the opera house that I learned, from the lips of Alice Dunning Lingard, the thrilling history of Madame X. and her husband.

"Mrs. Lingard," said I, "judging from the little interpolation I heard you sing last evening during the play, I should judge you to be the possessor of a very fine voice. How is it that you do not exercise your voice more, and why have you not chosen the lyric instead of the dramatic stage?"

"Ah, that is easily explained," replied the charming lady. "You see, since my earliest childhood, I have been thrown among actors and actresses. In fact, I have grown up on the dramatic stage, and although I was told long ago, and repeatedly during late years, that I possessed a fine singing voice, I yet lacked the opportunity to cultivate it to the extent required to fit one for the operatic stage. Nevertheless, when an opportunity presents itself, I generally take advantage of it. During out last visit to Australia, I took some lessons from the celebrated vocal teacher, Madame X., a sister of the late Vincent Wallace, the composer of "Maritana" and "Lurline." She resides in Sydney and enjoys a very large patronage.

"Speaking of Madame X.," continued Mrs. Lingard with animation, "reminds me of a story of the most startling and thrilling nature, which will interest you, I'm sure."

Flattered with the prospect of hearing something of unusual interest, - for such I knew it would prove, judging from the animated expression on my fair entertainer's handsome face, - I assured her of my unqualified curiosity and undoubted pleasure, whereupon she proceeded as follows:

"Madame X., you must know, was in her youth a prominent singer of the Royal Italian opera in London, and her husband was one of the leading tenors. Both not only enjoyed fine reputations as singers, but also stood very high in certain social circles of the haute volee of London. One day the husband entered a renowned jewelry establishment and requested to be shown a collection of valuable brilliants, as he desired to make a purchase. The dealer, knowing the man, and aware of the high position he held, and also knowing that the celebrities of his calling will purchase only the very finest articles in jewelry. produced several caskets containing a fortune in diamonds. After examining all with the care of a connoisseur, he selected several of the finest stones. The dealer placed those so selected in a separate casket, and the signor requested that they be set aside until his return in the morning as he had not his check-book with him just then. This was agreed to with alacrity on the part of the dealer, who courteosly bowed his distinguished customer out. During the course of the following day, a cab drew up before the jewelry establishment and the occupant proved to be the negotiator for the diamonds. Without leaving the carriage, X. signaled to the jeweler, and, in a hurried manner, asked to look again at the casket of brilliants which he had selected the day before. The request was made with the apology that he (the purchaser) was in a great hurry to meet an engagement, or he would not thus trouble the jeweler to come out of his shop. The dealer speedily brought out the casket, which the purchaser placed on the cushion beside him and drew a check for the amount - £20,000.

"He was in the very act of writing the check, when a stranger rushed up in a very excited manner, hurriedly excused himself to both gentlemen for interrupting them, and then whispered a few words to the occupant of the carriage. The latter, with nervous haste and with every appearance of intense excitement, returned his check-book to his fob, precipitately handed back the casket to the dealer, and saying that something serious had happened which required his immediate attention, he gave the driver the signal to whip up his horses. The vehicle swiftly disappeared around the corner, and there was nothing left for the astonished dealer to do but to return the casket to its place, and to await a call from the purchaser later in the day.

"The day passed, however, without any sign of the customer's return. A second and a third day went by without any message from him. The disappointed dealer became curious and somewhat solicitous, and his anxiety was not by any means lessened when the papers announced the sudden and mysterious disappearance of Signor X., or the Royal Italian opera.

"Up to the time of this announcement of the signor's disappearance, the diamond merchant had thought but little of the casket, and it had remained in its place unopened. Like a flash, the idea darted into his head that he ought to have examined the treasure. He now opened the casket, and judge of his consternation when he found it empty! Instantly the scene which had occurred at his door three days previous, came to mind, and the truth was now quite evident: he had been robbed of twenty thousand pounds in diamonds!

"Losing not a moment, the startled jeweler communicated the affair to the police. Detectives were immediately sent out, and these tracked the fugitive to Liverpool, where he had embarked on an outgoing ship bound for America. Arrangements were effected for the pursuit, and the robber was intercepted on his landing at an American port. He was brought back to London, where he was tried with his confederates, found guilty, and condemned to servitude for life in the penal colonies of Queensland.

"Of course the trial and verdict, in consequence of the high social and professional standing of the principal in the affair, caused immense excitement, not only in London, but on the continent as well.

"Some few weeks afterwards, Madame X. suddenly disappeared, and no clue to her whereabouts could be discovered, in spite of the searches of relatives and friends, and nothing was known of her for many years.

"Now," continued Mrs. Lingard, "comes the romantic part of the story, It appears that a certain law existed, and probably still exists, granting to a real estate owner in the penal colonies the right to choose a servant from among the inmates of the prison, the masters becoming surety for the good behaviour of servants thus obtained. Now mark what followed - and my fair narrator's eyes sparkled with interest - "now mark what followed: Many months - perhaps a year - after Signor X. was sentenced, a lady applied to the governor general of the penal colonies, stating that she had purchased ground, upon which she had built a cottage, and she now desired a man-servant to do her gardening and other work about the house. The lady was of such imposing bearing, and she was so evidently in earnest in her intentions, that the permit was granted. As she proved herself a property-holder, no objections could be made. She was shown through prison after prison, but found none among the inmates who suited her, until she suddenly was confronted by the celebrated diamond robber and ex-primo tenore of the Royal Italian opera in London.

"Whatever he inward emotions may have been, she stifled and supressed them. After a moment's hesitation and apparent investigation, she intimated that this was the man she wanted. Arrangements were accordingly effected, and the lady and the servant departed. Is it necessary of the to state that Madame X. and he husband were reunited? They lived together for many years very happily, I understand, seeming to the world to be mistress and menial, but being in reality man and wife.

"For nearly 20 years the two unfortunate ones enjoyed each other's companionship, and who knows but they were happier by far than many men and women we meet daily with all the outward indications of happiness and contentment.

"After the death of he husband, Madame X. made herself known and re-entered public life as a teacher of vocalizaton. Little by little he sad history became known, and it was while I was her pupil, that I learned it."

Thanking Mrs. Lingard sincerely for the real pleasure, though a melancholy one, which she had given me by the recital of this romance, I bade her God-speed, as her company was to leave on the early train the following day. - Denver Inter-Ocean.

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. To the Editor", The Argus (2 June 1890), 6

SIR, In the last number of the interesting articles by "J. S." on "The Melbourne Stage in the Forties" reference is made to a Mrs. Wallace. I think the lady alluded to must have been Miss Wallace, sister of William Vincent Wallace. She was for many years the leading soprano in Sydney, and possessed a voice of marvellous compass and power. She could run up and down from E flat below middle C to E flat in alto without any perceptible break. She was married to Mr. Bushelle, who was a great basso, having a voice which in the opinion of many musicians was equal to that of Lablache. Wallace's brother, Wellington Wallace, was a great flautist. I do not think he was married, but if he was his wife did not appear as a public singer [Curtis is wrong; Caroline was a stage singer]. The father of the Wallaces was living in Sydney. He had been a celebrated bandmaster and organist in Dublin. He was an Irishman of Scotch descent. The Wallaces were frequent visitors at my father's house, and as a boy I knew them all well. William Vincent Wallace was a great violinist as well as composer. I was present at his farewell performance in Sydney, when he played one of Paganini's solos on one string - Yours, &c., J. H. B. CURTIS. May 31.

The author is John Henry Curtis, son of Mary Curtis, who sang with the Bushelles at St. Mary's in the 1830s; in fact Curtis is incorrect; in the Mrs. Wallace referred to in the letter he was respodning to was Caroline Wallace, wife of Eliza's brother Spencer Wellington, who was active in the theatres at Melbourne and Geelong in the late 1840s; there is no record of Eliza ever having sung in Melbourne.

BUSHELLE, John Butler (Mr. John BUSHELLE)

Baritone singer, teacher

Born Sydney, NSW, 6 March 1840
? Married (1) Sarah SIMMONS (d.1890), NSW
Married (2) Henrietta Marianne HEAD, Paddington, NSW, 14 July 1891
Died Sydney, NSW, 14 September 1891, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In his will, Bushelle bequeathed £100 to Matilda Wallace ("of Sydney, my late mother's half-sister"); and left 3 properties in trust for the use of Zophielle [Zophiel] Cruikshank, d. 16 September 1892, aged 82; widow of William Cruickshank, and daughter of William Bloomfield (d. Molong, NSW, 1852) and Frances Meares; these were a row of three terrace houses in Underwood Street, Paddington, "Hallidon" (no. 11),"Strathmore" (No. 13), and "Trevlyn".

Some connection between the Wallaces (and Bushelles) and the Cruickshanks appears to date back to the time of their first arrival in the 1830s; see here for more on the Cruikshank family


[Advertisement], London Evening Standard (30 May 1866), 1

IMMENSE ATTRACTION. - ST. MARTIN'S HALL, Long-acre. - SATURDAY EVENING NEXT, June 2, HOWARD GLOVER'S GRAND CONCERT. - Mesdames Grisi, Louisa Pyne, Laura Baxter, Palmer, Rita Favanti, Weiss, Annette Hirst, Susan Pyne, Emeline Osborne, Blanche Osborne, and Louise Liebhart. Solo Pianiste - Mdlie. Mariot de Beauvoisin. Mr. W. H. Weiss and Mr. Bushelle (nephew of the late Mr. Vincent Wallace, his first appearance), Signor Ciabattta, Signor Ferranti, and Mr. W. Harrison. Solo Violin, Mr. W. Holmes. Harp, Mr. Aptommis. The London Choral Union 200 voices. Conductors, Messrs. Benedict, Emile Berger, Lehmeyer, Howard Glover, Carter, and W. Ganz . . .

"Miss Amy Coyne's Matinee Musicale d'Invitation", The Era [London] (3 June 1866), 10

. . . Miss Amy Coyne was assisted by Madame Rudersdorff, Miss Julia Elton, Mr. W. H. Cummings, and Mr. J. B. Bushelle (another pupil of Mr. Randegger), whose [Randegger's] capability as an instructor is clearly set forth, both by the pianiste and the last-named young vocalist, who sang Mozart's "Per questa bella mano" . . . Randegger's trio "I Naviganti" was sung by Madams Rudersdorff, Mr. Cummings, and Mr. J. B. Bushelle . . .

"BEETHOVEN'S ROOMS, HARLEY-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1866), 6

Miss Amy Coyne, daughter of Mr. Sterling Coyne, the well known writer and dramatist, gave her first matinee at the above rooms on Monday, which were crowded by the elite of the literary and artistic world, who, with her friends, evinced the highest interest on the occasion of the young lady's debut into artistic life. Miss Amy Coyne is the only pianoforte pupil of Signor Randegger . . . Miss Amy Coyne was assisted by Madame Rudersdorff, Miss Julia Elton, Mr. W. H. Cummings, and Mr. J. B. Bushelle. The last-named gentleman is nephew of the late William Vincent Wallace, and son of Madame Bushelle, a favourite concert-singer some years back in London, and sister of Mr. Wallace. Mr. Bushelle is a pupil of Signor Randegger, and possesses a deep bass voice of admirable quality. He has been singing at the principal concerts in Sydney, N.S.W., of which country he is a native, and if the colony can only send us a few more voices of the same calibre and excellence, we in the old country will feel ever obliged. Mr. Bushelle sang Mozart's little known aria "Per questa bella mano," in a style which won universal approval. Signor Pezze gave the obligate violoncello in an artistic manner. Mr. Bushelle also sang the bass part of Signor Randegger's trio, " I Navigante," in conjunction with Madame Rudersdorff and Mr. W. H. Cummings, and we never heard this clever trio more effectively sung. Signor Rendegger accompanied the vocal music . . .

[News] Volunteer Service Gazette and Military Dispatch [London] (7 March 1868), 7

. . . Mr. Bushelle won the much-coveted prize with the splendid score of 109 points, consisting of nineteen bull'seyes and eleven centres . . . Mr. John Bushelle, of No. 5 Company S. B. V. R., the Small-bore Rifle Champion for 1867-8, has only taken to small-bore shooting during the last few months, although he enjoys a long-established reputation as a good Enfield shot . . . At the termination of the firing the competitors fell in, and at the call of Mr. Richard Jones gave three hearty cheers for the new champion - a compliment which Mr. Bushelle acknowledged in suitable terms. The winners were - Points. Mr. J. Bushelle, 25l. and Championship . . .

[News] Volunteer Service Gazette and Military Dispatch [London] (11 June 1868), 9

An amended return of the scores made the Any-bore Simultaneous Matches has been sent us by Mr. MacGregor, and it will be seen that by an unfortunate error casting the scores Mr. Rigby was announced as the winner of a prize which was actually won by Mr. J. Bushelle, of Sydney, so that both the best prizes go to Australia.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1890), 1 

BUSHELLE. - February 3, at 51, Paddington-street, Sarah, beloved wife of J. B. Bushelle, aged 58 years.

NOTE (July 2018): Separate death notices for Sarah Bushelle also appeared in the Sydney press under her parental name, Simmons, and Hart by a (? previous) marriage ("wife of David Hart, of London, formerly of Sydney"); it is possible, therefore, that she and Bushelle were not legally married; my thanks to family historian George Ryan (Dublin), for this information.

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1891), 1 

BUSHELLE-HEAD. July 14 by special license at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. G. North Ash, M.A., John Butler Bushelle, of Glendara, Paddington to Henrietta Marianna, eldest daughter of E. A. HEAD, ESQ., J. P. of Verona, Paddington. No Cards.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1891), 1

John Butler Bushelle, d. 14 September 1891; NSW death registration (15 September 1891); 1891/11735

John Butler Bushelle / 14 September 1891 / Glendarra, Paddington Street, Paddington, NSW / Gentleman / Male / 51 / [place of birth] Sydney / [Time in Australian colonies] All his life, excepting 3 absences on visit to Great Britain / [father] John Butler Bushelle, Teacher of Music and Languages / [mother] Elizabeth Wallace] / [marries] Paddington, [age] 51, [to] Henrietta Marianne Head, no issue / [informant] Francis Pierce Head, brother-in-law, Verona, 16 Begg Street, Paddington / [cause of death] Cardiac failure, valular heart disease / [length of illness] 1 year / [medical attendant] W. J. Barkas / [last seen] 14 instant / [burial] 15 Sep 1891 / Church of England Cemetery Waverly / [minister] G. North Ash, Church of England / [Undertaker] T. Dixon / [Witnesses] Henry Dixon, Hugh Hayes / [registered] 15 Sep 1891, Paddington

"Death of Mr. J. B. Bushelle", Bowral Free Press and Berrima District Intelligencer (16 September 1891), 2 

We regret to record the death of Mr. John Butler Bushelle, which took place at Glendara, Paddington, on Monday last. The deceased has resided in Bowral for some years, and is the owner of a great deal of property in this town. He was only recently married and leaves a young widow. Deceased was 51 years of age.

"Death of a Famous Singer. INTERESTING REMINISCENCES", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 September 1891), 43

We regret to announce the death of Mr. John Butler Bushelle, which occurred at his late residence, Paddington-street, Paddington, at an early hour on Monday. Mr. Bushelle was conspicuously in the front rank of Australian vocalists. He was well known throughout Australasia as a platform-singer of distinction, and was among the leading teachers of his time. His mother, who first sang in Australia as Miss Eliza Wallace, was a sister of William Vincent Wallace, the distinguished composer, whose genius gave to the operatic stage such works as "Maritana," "Matilda of Hungary," "The Amber Witch," "Lurline," and "The Desert Flower." It may be mentioned that during Wallace's residence in Sydney the greater portion of "Maritana" was written, and it is said that the charming air "Alas! Those Chimes," which is always a favorite number with contraltos, was suggested by the pealing of the old bells of St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney. Eliza Wallace, as a singer, possessed the genius and culture of her brother. It was some time in the early thirties that the two Wallaces gave their first series of concerts throughout the colonies, and the success which attended them was, most pronounced. At one concert given by Wallace in Sydney no less a sum than £1000 was realised, in aid of St. Mary's Cathedral. Miss. Wallace subsequently married John Bushelle, the elder, a singer in those days, of some reputation. Unquestionably the talents of both father and mother were in some degree transmitted to the son. The immediate cause of Mr. Bushelle's death was cancer on the stomach. He was 51 years of age.

"THE LATE MR. JOHN BUSHELLE", Freeman's Journal (19 September 1891), 9 

Mr. John Butler Bushelle, a well-known Sydney musical amateur, died at his residence, Glendara, Paddington, on Monday, in his 52nd year. The deceased was a son of Madame Bushelle, the celebrated teacher of singing, and nephew of the famous Irish musician, William Vincent Wallace, who gave the world "Maritana," "Lurline," and other operas. The late Madame Bushelle (mother of the deceased), who in her day was a singer of note, came to Sydney with her brother nearly 60 years back, and it is of interest to note that Wallace wrote a considerable portion of "Maritana" in this city. John Bushelle was a native of Sydney, and from his youth displayed strong musical tastes. He was possessed of a fine bass voice and was a sound musician, and for many years was the mainstay of the old Civil Service Musical Society. In oratorio he sang on many occasions with decided success, and as a ballad singer he had few equals. Besides the training received from his mother, the late Mr. Bushelle had the advantage of instruction from Randegger and other well-known teachers in England, the deceased having spent some time in London and on the Continent completing his studies in the art, to which he was devotedly attached. Mr. Bushelle was from time to time connected with most of the Catholic choirs of the city and suburbs, and his last services wore generously given to St. Francis' choir, Paddington. Mr. Bushelle, who was married only two months ago, had been in rather delicate health for some years; still his death came as a great surprise to his troops of friends. The deceased was in many ways an accomplished man, and his gentle manners and kindly disposition made him a general favourite.

"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1892), 1 

BUSHELLE. - May 8, at her residence, Glendarra, Paddington, the wife of the late John Butler Bushelle, of a son.

BUSHELLE, Tobias Vincent (Vincent T. BUSHELLE)

Amateur bass vocalist, insurance agent, music reviewer

Born Sydney, NSW, ? 1841
Died Dunedin, NZ, 24 August 1889, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (2 August 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 October 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1879), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (14 December 1880), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (2 October 1881), 2

The concert to be tendered to Mrs. Arthur Rawlins this evening, at the Albert Hall, judging from the number of seats already reserved and the very attractive programme published, will be a great success . . . Mr. Bushelle is set down for the aria, "Hear me gentle Maritana".

Dunedin, NZ; Death certificate; 1889/416

416 / 1889 August 24 Hospital Dunedin / Vincent Bushelle / male 42 years / Fatty degeneration of heart, mitral & aortic, incompetence, G. A. Copland, M.B . . . / [buried] 1889 August 27 Southern Cemetery Dunedin, P. Lynch, Roman Catholic Priest . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 September 1889), 1

BUSHELLE. - At Dunedin, New Zealand, on 24th of August, of heart disease, Tobias Vincent Bushelle, formerly of this city, aged 48 years.

"A JOURNALIST'S MEMORIES. THE OBSERVER IN 1881", The Brisbane Courier (29 March 1924), 18

[on writers for the Brisbane Observer] . . . Theobald Vincent Wallace Bushelle, a son of the famous Madame Bushelle and that great basso, her husband, who was at one time in England considered a rival of Lablache. "Toby" Bushelle was a nephew of Vincent Wallace the composer of "Maritana" - his mother's brother - and he did most of his musical and dramatic notices for the "Observer", besides pursuing the elusive advertisement. He was a very fine singer, a basso, like his father and his brother John. The last named old Sydnevites will remember. "Toby" had toured with many companies, including the Carandinis. He helped me a great deal in the matter of voice-training.

"A JOURNALIST'S MEMORIES", The Brisbane Courier (27 December 1924), 16

"SONGS OF THE 'SIXTIES. By SPENCER BROWNE", The Brisbane Courier (30 October 1926), 16

. . . In later years I heard many of the little songs of Vincent Wallace from my old friend "Toby" Bushelle, who was Theobald Vincent Wallace Bushelle, a nephew of the composer. One, "The winds that waft my sighs to thee", was published in later years, and I saw a copy of it at the house of Mr. and Mrs. George Chaffey, at Renmark, in the later days of 1888. It was brought from the United States. Another very charming Vincent Wallace thing was "When the children are asleep". My friend "Toby" Bushelle had learnt them from his mother, the famous Madame Bushelle, wife of the basso Bushelle, who was the rival of Lablache.

Bibliography and resources

H. N. Birt, "Some letters of archbishop Polding" [1], The Downside Review new series 2 (21) (1902), 137-38 

Orchard 1952, Music in Australia, 21-28, 51, 63, 91, 123

Hughes 1986/87, 438-39, 637 note 46, 656 ("James Bushelle")

Wills 2015, Alias Blind Larry, 136-9, 214, 265, 339-40, 342

Noelene Beckett Crowe, "Eliza Wallace Bushelle", Mayo Genealogy Group; Irish Community Archive Network

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020