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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Wa-Wh)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Wa-Wh)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 1 June 2020

- W (Wa - Wh) -


Professor of Music, band-master, clarinettist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by July 1855
Active Hobart, TAS, by 1858
Died Ararat, VIC, September 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE BALL IN AID OF THE PATRIOTIC FUND", The Age (13 July 1855), 5 

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Mercury (20 May 1858), 3

"ST. JOHN-SQUARE", Launceston Examiner (8 November 1859), 3

"CAMBRIDGE PLOUGHING MATCH", The Mercury (14 October 1864), 3

"CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 June 1867), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (15 May 1869), 5

Conrad Wackeldiene, of Warrnambool, Villiers, professor of music. Causes of insolvency: Want of sufficient employment for self and family, and inability to pay off debts incurred in consequence of losses sustained through the wreck of a boat called the Leisure Hour, off Tasmania, in 1867. Liabilities, £89.15s.; assets, £23.5s.; deficiency, £66.10s.

[News], The Argus (24 July 1869), 5

"VICTORIA", The Mercury (27 July 1869), 3

The "Rogue's March" police case, says the Hamilton Spectator, has excited some interest, the court being crowded with spectators. It was a charge of insulting behaviour preferred by Mr. Irving, the drill-instructor of the volunteers, against Mr. Wadley, the landlord of the Royal. It appears the Foresters, of which body Mr. Irving was a member, had resolved to remove their court from the Royal Hotel to the new Oddfellows'-hall. This is presumed to have given offence to the landlord of the Royal; but whether that be the case or not, the Foresters, on the conclusion of their meeting, were met in the passage by Wadley, playing the Rogue's March on the poker and shovel, the bandmaster playing the accompaniment on the clarinet. In his evidence, Irving said he had been in the army, and the Rogue's March was one of the worst symbols of disgrace a military man could be subjected to. C. Wackeldiene gave evidence that at the suggestion of somebody in the hotel that night he played a certain march, but he had always known that time by the name of the "Twopenny Post- man". With the kind permission of the Bench he would play the tune, so that it might be recognised. Amid roars of laughter, Mr. Wackeldiene pulled out his clarinet, and gave a few bars of the well-known "Rogue's March". The Bench inflicted a fine of 10s.

"BRASS BAND", Border Watch (6 August 1870), 2

 "ANNIVERSARY OF THE LOYAL MOUNT GAMBIER LODGE", Border Watch (17 September 1870), 2

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (1 January 1872), 1s

"Items of News", Hamilton Spectator (4 October 1877), 2

OBITUARY - Mr. Conrad Wackeldiene, who was at out time bandmaster at Hamilton and at other towns in the Western district, died at the Ararat hospital the other day.

"MOUNT GAMBIER'S EARLY BRASS BANDS", Border Watch (27 July 1940), 4

"NARRACOORTE BAN", The Narracoorte Herald (12 June 1945), 2 

. . . Mr. Elsden, in giving some reminiscences, mentioned that Mr. Jas. Sharpley and himself discussed the formation of a band in 1870, and these two men and Messrs. S. Carne, E. Bacon, J. Lobban, and two or three others, commenced activities. They first got W. Marshall, a miller at the flour mill, to teach them music; then Herr Whackeldene came from Mount Gambier to teach them the instruments at £3 a week, when about 17 joined up, but this number was soon reduced to nine or ten. Mr. V. Elsden took charge as soon as Herr Wackeldene left, and continued as Bandmaster for many years . . .

WADDY, Lizzie Anne (Elizabeth Anne)


Born c.1845
Died Killara, NSW, 31 May 1920, aged 75


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1878), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (5 January 1878), 4 

We have received a copy of the Poonah waltz, composed by L. A. Waddy, and dedicated to her father, J. E. Stacy, Esq., F.R.C.S.L.. The composition is published by Elvy and Co., of George-street, in this city. It is very nicely printed, the melody is very pretty, and the harmonies are rich and full. The composer makes large use of dissonant sevenths in harmonising, but uses them with skill. As the composition is both beautiful, and easily played, it is likely to be a great favourite in the drawing room.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1920), 6

Musical work:

The Poonah waltz, for the pianoforte by L. A. Waddy . . . dedicated to her father J. E. Stacey, esquire, F.R.C.S.L. (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878]) (SL-NSW)

Bibliography and resources:

Jean Caswell Benson, "Stacy, John Edward (1799-1881)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

K. J. Cable, "Waddy, Percival Stacy (1875-1937)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

See also:

Colonel Waddy of the 50th regiment passed through Australia for NZ in 1863; arrived in Sydney 1866; Alfred Anderson dedicated his The Queen's Own galop to Colonel Waddy in 1867.

WADE, James

Bandsman, Band of the 40th Regiment

Died Sydney, NSW, July 1825

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (first tour)


"SERIOUS ACCIDENT", The Australian (28 July 1825), 4 

. . . A Coroner's Inquest was held at Hill's Tavern on Tuesday and Wednesday last, upon the body of James Wade, belonging to the band of the 40th. The man died after being removed to the General Hospital, after the accident. Verdict - accidental death.

"POLICE REPORT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 July 1825), 2 

On Monday morning last, as the Eclipse Coach was on its way to Parramatta, driving, down the Brickfield-hill, at the bottom of George Street, the horses suddenly took fright, and the coach was unfortunately overturned. There was a great number of outside passengers (nearly twenty, as we are informed), consisting for the most part of the Band of the 40th Regiment, who were proceeding to Parramatta for the purpose of assisting in the ceremony of laying the first stone of the New Mill, all of whom received some serious injury. One man, named Wade, died almost immediately, and several others were taken to the Hospital with severe fractures and bruises. The coachman states that the horses started at a team of bullocks drawing a cart, that happened to be passing at the time.

WADE, Richard

Steeple-keeper and bell-ringer (St. Philip's Church, Sydney), convict, shoemaker

Transported to NSW, December 1789 (per Neptune, Scarborough or Surprize)
Buried Sydney, NSW, 4 December 1831, aged 67


[Government notices], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 February 1812), 2

Richard Wade as Steeple Keeper. 2/10/0";

[Government notices], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 November 1821), 1s

Thomas Tabor, Parish Clerk - Richard Wade, Steeple-keeper

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Herald (12 December 1831), 4

On Saturday . . . an Inquest was convened at the Woodman, Prince-street, on the body of Richard Wade, an old man for many years bellringer to St. Philip's Church, who died suddenly that morning. The Jury returned a verdict of "Died by the visitation of God".

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain's grim convict armada of 1790 (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1993), 589

WADHAM, Walter Thomas

Pianist, composer

Born Launceston, TAS, 19 November 1862
Died London, England, 9 November 1922


Births in the district of Launceston, 1862; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1012249; RGD33/1/40 no 459

"TASMANIAN TELEGRAMS. LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (23 June 1879), 2

"CONCERT. MR. WALTER WADHAM'S CANTATA", Launceston Examiner (8 September 1880), 2

"CONCERT. WALTER WADHAM'S CANTATA", Launceston Examiner (21 September 1880), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (26 March 1881), 2

"MUSICAL CRITICISM. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (6 April 1881), 3

"THE HEART OF C'CONNELL", Launceston Examiner (31 October 1882), 2

"TASMANIANS ABROAD. TO THE EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (17 April 1886), 1s

"MR. WALTER WADHAM", Launceston Examiner (5 April 1887), 2

"LAUNCESTONIANS will learn . . .", Launceston Examiner (20 September 1893), 4

"About People", Examiner (4 January 1923), 5

There are yet residents in Launceston many of his boyhood friends and acquaintances who will regret to learn of the death in London on November 9 of Mr. Walter Wadham, one of Tasmania's most distinguished musicians, whose career in England was but the natural development of the brilliant promise of his youth in Tasmania . . .

Extant works:

She shall be mine (words by Philip Barnes; music by Walter T. Wadham; Recit. and air; Dedicated by permission to the Marchioness of Normanby) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881])

WAIN, George

Piano repairer, musical thief

Active Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1834


Wain has been hired by Sophia and James Davis.


"QUARTER SESSIONS.-Hobart Town", Colonial Times (12 August 1834), 7

George Wain, was charged with stealing 230 sheets of printed music, the property of Mr. Davis, of the value of £12. It appeared from the evidence of Mrs. Davis, that the prisoner had been employed to repair a pianoforte, and took the opportunity to purloin more than 100 pieces of newly imported music, which he took round the town, and openly sold at the different seminaries, and to many most respectable persons, the music being of the most approved description, representing himself to be a free man, who had received it by late arrivals from England.


Flute maker, musical instrument maker

Born Liverpool, England, 12 December 1797; baptised Christ Church, Liverpool, 15 January 1798
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 September 1853 (per Gypsy Queen, from London, 27 May)
Died Newtown, NSW, 10 August 1884, aged 86 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


A 3-piece "Wainwright-London" flute, c. 1840s, was offered for sale in October 2011. Wainwright was living at St. Sepulchre at the time of the 1851 UK census.


"ARRIVALS", Empire (24 September 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1859), 8

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. J. WAINWRIGHT, from London, manufacturer of flutes, clarionets, flageolets, &c. Instruments repaired with new Joints, keys, and mountings; various Instruments for solo, from one to thirteen keys, warranted; a superior ebony B clarionet, thirteen sterling silver keys, by Key. Charing-cross, London; a highly-finished (Rudall and Rose) flute, eight sterling silver keys and mountings; a genuine (Nicholson) flute, eight sterling silver keys and mountings. 711, George-street South, opposite Christ Church.

"COMMERCIAL . . .Imports Entries", Empire (12 December 1860), 4

"A NUISANCE", Empire (29 December 1860), 5

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1884), 1

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1884), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1884), 2

In the Will of JORDAN WAINWRIGHT . . . Musical Instrument Maker, deceased . . .

Extant instruments:

WALCH, James Henry Brett

Music seller, music publisher

Born India, 1828
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 1842 (per Royal Saxon)
Died Hobart, TAS, 5 November 1897, in his 70th year

WALCH, Garnet

Songwriter, lyricist

Born Broadmarsh, TAS, 1 October 1843
Died 1913 (NLA persistent identifier)

J. Walch and Sons (NLA persistent identifier)


Major James W. H. Walch, late of 54th Regiment, retired from the army and settled in Tasmania with his family in 1842, taking over Samuel Tegg's Hobart book business in January 1846, from 1850 trading as J. Walch and Sons, stationers and booksellers, a trade which included some music retailing. On the elder Walch's death in 1852, the business passed to his son James Walch, junior, later in partnership with his brother Charles Walch.

Walch also became a general publisher. Possibly the earliest of the firm's many musical publication was a song by Launceston composer John Adams, called Just a smile in the face of nature, circulated to the press and advertised for sale by Walch in February 1858 (no copy identified). It was followed by J. S. La Mont's Our own Tasmanian home (National Song) in October 1859, and Floating away by "A. T. A." in April 1860, both set and printed in Melbourne by Clarson, Shallard and Co..

Later issues used local tradesmen, notably Mary Oldham's The Tasmanian Yacht Club polka, issued in June 1862, lithographed and printed by John Alvarez, and Frederick Buck's The young recruit march, lithographed by M. L. Hood.

In August 1866, the publication of Frederick Augustus Packer's Curacoa valse (set and printed by R. Harris, music printer of Launceston) marked the beginning of a lasting association between composer and publisher, Packer becoming virtually the Walch house composer for the remainder of the century.


[Advertisement], The Courier (31 December 1845), 3

"DIED", Colonial Times (26 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 February 1858), 3

"LITERATURE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (26 February 1858), 3

"NATIONAL SONG", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 October 1859), 2

"FLOATING AWAY", Launceston Examiner (12 April 1860), 2

"COLONIAL MUSIC", The Mercury (26 June 1862), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (22 August 1866), 2

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES WALCH", The Mercury (6 November 1897), 3

Bibliography and resources:

J. Walch and Sons, records

Bibliography and resources:

Wallace Kirsop, "The Walches as sellers of music and their customers in 1840s", in Georgina Binns (ed.), Music printing and publishing in Australia

WALCOT, Robson Beilby (often reported as "Bielby")

Vocalist, actor, choirmaster, conductor

Born Bristol, England, c.1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 January 1853 (per Velore, from England) Departed Sydney, NSW, November 1857 (per Gil Blas, for Auckland, NZ)
Died Suva, Fiji, 6 May 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WALCOT, Thomas Beilby

Amateur vocalist, choirmaster

Born ? Bristol, England, c.1827
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1859
Died Waverly, February 1901, "aged 73" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Robson Walcot, a loom weaver aged 19, was living with his father in Bristol at the time of the 1851 English census. He arrived in Melbourne in January 1853, and was appearing as a concert vocalist in Sydney in 1855, in association with James Churchill Fisher, Flora Harris, and Edwin Colley. He was at Bathurst theatre in October 1857, appearing there with the Jones and Cliffords, and with the same company sailed from Sydney the following month sailed for New Zealand.

Robson returned to live for periods in Sydney in the 1880s and 1890s, and died in Fiji. His elder brother Thomas Bielby Walcott (c.1827-1901) was choirmaster of St. Peter's, Woolloomooloo.

A J. T. (and/or J. B.) Walcot was active as a vocalist in the 1880s and 1890s.


[Advertisement], The Argus (29 January 1853), 8 

BARQUE VELORE, From England to Australia. January 21st, 1853. WE, the undersigned Passengers, on board the above Ship, having nearly arrived off Port Phillip, take this opportunity of congratulating Captain Hicks on the near termination of a voyage . . . R. B. Walcot . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 January 1855), 1 

SYDNEY MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS. WEEKLY CONCERTS. MR. BOULTON has the honour to announce, that the second of his series of concerts will be given on TUESDAY evening next, the 2nd January. Principal Vocalists, Miss FLORA HARRIS, Mr. WILKINSON, Mr. WALCOTT, Mr. COLLEY, Mr. FISHER . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1855), 1 

MR. FISHER'S GRAND CONCERT. - New Concert Hall, Royal Hotel. THIS EVENING, August 8th. Principal Performers: Miss Flora Harris; Miss G. Harris (her second appearance) j Mrs. St. John Adcock (who will make her first appearance, as a Pianist, these two years); and Messrs. Fisher, R. Walcot, T. Holme, and E. Colley; assisted by an efficient and powerful Chorus. Conductor Mr. Fisher; Pianoforte, Mr. Harwood . . .

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1856), 10 

. . . Mr. Walcot acquitted himself very creditably in "Comfort ye," and "Every valley shall be exalted," though the latter is almost too difficult of execution for any but an artist of the very first class in power and practice . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1856), 1 

ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE. - SATURDAY EVENING, September 13th, 1856. Will be produced Wallace's grand Opera, in three Acts, entitled MARITANA. Charles II, King of Spain, Mr. Walcot; Don Cesar de Bazan. Mr. J. Howson; Don Jose de Santarem, Mr. Stewart; Marquis de Montefiore, Mr. Fisher; Alende, Mr. Jones; Lazarillo, Miss Warde; Captain of Guards, Mr. Griffiths; Maritana, a Gitana, Mrs. Guerin; Marchioness de Montefiore, Mrs. Gibbs. Scene, Madrid. Conductor, Mr. C. Packer; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. John Gibbs.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (14 October 1857), 3 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Solo Lessees, Messrs. Jones and Bruton; Stage Manager, Mr. B. N. Jones; Treasurer, Mr. R. B. Walcot; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. I. Davis . . . Miss Julia Clifford . . .

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND", Daily Southern Cross [NZ] (4 December 1857), 2 

"LOCAL. THEATRICALS", Colonist [Nelson, NZ] (1 March 1859), 2 

By the Prince Alfred yesterday we received a fresh importation of ladies and gentlemen connected with this branch of the public amusement . . . The names are Mr. and Mrs. Jones, late conductor of the Auckland theatre; Mr. R. B. Walcot, of the same; and Mr. and Mrs. Clinton . . .

"SACRED CONCERT", Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle (24 December 1859), 2 

We direct attention to an advertisement announcing that a sacred concert is to be given on Thursday evening next under the direction of Mr. R. B. Walcot. The musical attainments of this gentleman are already favourably known to the Nelson public; and we understand that much pains has been bestowed in the getting up of this concert, which is the first of the kind ever attempted in the province. The programme consists of selections from the Oratorios of "The Creation" and "The Messiah"; the band and chorus will number about thirty performers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1869), 1 


"Presentations at St.Peter's Church", Evening News (13 February 1884), 5 

On Monday evening Mr. T. B. Walcot was welcomed back from England at St. Peter's schoolroom, Woolloomooloo, by the parishioners. There was a numerous attendance, and the Rev. T. B. Tress presided, among those present being the Rev. Canon Moreton, founder of St. Peter's. Mr. Walcot was presented with a handsome office writing desk, together with an engrossed address from the parishioners. Mr. Walcot, who is retiring from the offices of churchwarden and choirmaster, was also presented by the choir with an illustrated album and address. The valuable servicos Mr. Walcot had rendered St. Peter's during the past 17 years, and the loss the parish would sustain by his retirement from active service, were cordially and warmly acknowledged, and the recipient mada a feeling and appropriate response. Some pleasing musical selections were rendered during the evening by the choir.

"THE CHRUCHES", The Daily Telegraph (6 August 1896), 3 

The first part of Mendelssohn's oratorio, "St. Paul," was rendered at St. Thomas's. C.E., North Sydney, on the 2Sth ult., with a full orchestra and a chorus of 60 voices. Messrs. E. Jefferson Jackson and E. Abseil took the tenor solos, Mr. J. Elliott the bass, Miss Marian Llewellyn the soprano, and Miss Clara Llewellyn the contralto, Mr. R. B. Walcot was conductor, and Mr. Joseph Massey presided at the organ.

Bibliography and resources:

"Walcot", The Acklands of Fiji website 



Active NSW, TAS, QLD, 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WALKER, Mr. (perhaps = James WALKER (1) below)

Violoncello player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843, 1845


"ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 

ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET. PROPRIETORS, MESSRS. SIMMONS AND BELMORE. The Public is most respectfully informed, that every arrangement connected with this establishment being completed, the Proprietors have the honour to announce their OPENING NIGHT for SATURDAY, the 2Oth May . . .

The Orchestral Selection for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include Haydn's Symphony, No. 2; Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia, and Brilliant Arrangements of Strauss Valses.

The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

Mr. MARSH Begs to announce that his Concert will take place on WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 3RD, AT THE ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . Violoncello - Messrs. E. Deane, Walker; Double Bass - Mr. W. Deane . . .

WALKER, George Washington

Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born London, England, 19 March 1800
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 7 February 1832 (on Science, from London, 9 September 1831)
Died Hobart, TAS, 1 February 1859 (NLA persistent identifier)

WALKER, James Backhouse

Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 14 October 1841
Died Hobart, TAS, 4 November 1899 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (8 February 1832), 2

"DEATH", The Courier (1 February 1859), 2

"DEATH OF MR. GEORGE WASHINGTON WALKER", The Courier (1 February 1859), 3

"GEORGE WASHINGTON WALKER, ESQ.", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (2 February 1859), 2

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (6 November 1899), 2

WALKER, George William (George William WALKER; G. W. WALKER)

Professor of Music, bandmaster (The Tasmanian Band), clarinet and piccolo player, composer

Arrived Launceston, TAS, by February 1854
Died Geelong, VIC, 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WALKER, William

Bandmaster, bellringer (Walker Family of Bell Ringers)

Active Tasmania and New Zealand, from 1855
Died Deloraine, TAS, 1 June 1920


"The excellent Tasmanian Band", of the Tasmanian Teetotal Society, was already several years old when, in February 1854, Mr. G. W. Walker, "recently arrived from England", took over its direction for the remainder of that year. He composed "symphonies" to accompany the band's performance of the song Ben Bolt, and The supply mill polka and the Rechabite quick step ("composed by Mr. G. W. Walker, and dedicated to the Star of Tasmania Tent"). A Scotch quick march by G. W. Walker was played by a band in Melbourne in November 1865.

In 1867, "G. W. Walker, late BANDMASTER of the Geelong Artillery. Address Harnock-vale, Geelong" advertised his availability to direct volunteer bands. His brother, William Walker, was also a member of the band. Later himself a bandmaster, he was also director, in the 1880s, of the popular Walker Family of Bell Ringers.


"THE FETE AT ENTALLY", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 January 1850), 27

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 February 1854), 4

"TASMANIAN BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 February 1854), 4

"GALA AT THE HORTICULTURAL GARDENS", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1854), 3

"EXHIBITION OF FIREWORKS", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 March 1854), 5

"PUBLIC MEETING AT THE TEMPERANCE HALL", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 March 1854), 5

"MUSIC", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 April 1854), 4

"TEMPERANCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 April 1854), 5

"TASMANIAN BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 August 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (21 April 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (19 June 1855), 2

"SPECIAL SERVICE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 February 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (11 November 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1865), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (31 July 1895), 4


One of the regular daily visitors at Elphin this week is Mr. Wm. Walker, of Deloraine, who first played in a brass band in England at the age of eight years. He is keenly interested in the competitions, but between whiles yesterday he chatted with an "Examiner" reporter, to whom he gave some interesting particulars of band music here in the early days. He is one of very few now left who can relate any incidents of the bands that were of note half a century ago.

"I landed in Launceston," said Mr. Walker, "on March 25, 1855, and immediately joined what by old residents is now occasionally known as the "old teetotal band," of which my brother, the late G. W. Walker, was bandmaster. My brother George won the first contest at Werribee encampment, in Victoria, many years ago, at which Geordy Chapman was the judge of music.

"On May 24, 1855, I took charge of the Teetotal Band in a Rechabite procession, when we played through the streets to the Independent Church is Tamar-street, of which the Rev. Chas Price was the pastor. "Ever since those days until a few years ago I have been actively connected with music, and I was instrumental in bringing out some of the best bands men.

"There are not many of the old ones left. Of those in the Teetotal Band I can at the present moment only recall Messrs. John Tevelein and James French as amongst the living ones. The late Mr. R. H. Price belonged to it also. "I am the father of the Walker family of bellringers, who with considerable success toured Australia some years ago and played for a season of several nights in St. George's Hall, Melbourne. We also got a fine reception in the Mechanics' Institute at Launceston.

"St. Joseph's Band was in existence then, and had been many years before, but there was a break since, when they were disbanded for a time." Has there been much advance made in band instruments since then? "Yes, undoubtedly. The bass instrument called the serpent was then very much in vogue. Old Mr. Robins, who came out with the band of the 99th Regiment, played one for years, and a Mr. Allen, who was a fellow-bandsman in the 99th, also performed on the same instrument. The flat saxe bass now takes its place, and the valve trombone has come into existence, but it is not by any means the equal of the slide trombone.

"The old French horn has been knocked out by the E-flat tenor saxe bassoon, and is not now heard except on rare occasions in orchestras. I have a season's ticket for the competitions, and think a great deal of the septet performances of the Orphanage Band. I was rather surprised at the improvement in the Railway Band since last I heard it. Judging by the second class competition on Wednesday, I should say the award lies between the Ulverstone and Devonport bands. As to the quickstep to-day, I believe the Berringa played the best.

"Yes, I can safely say no one has done more in Tasmania to introduce brass bands than I have. The last time I played in a band was when we received news of Mafeking at Deloraine, when I mustered a band, and led it to rejoice at the victory gained."

"ABOUT PEOPLE", Examiner (2 June 1920), 6

WALKER, James (1)

Musician (Prince of Wales Theatre)

Died Sydney, NSW, January 1865


"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1865), 10

WALKER, James (2) (perhaps son of James Walker (1))

Amateur flautist (pupil of Joseph Gautrot)

Born Cork, Ireland, 5 November 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 March 1841 (per Woodbridge)
Died Maryborough, QLD, 27 March 1934, aged 97


At the age of 90, Walker recalled for the press in Queensland his earliest musical experiences in Sydney in the early 1840s:

He was born in South Ireland and came to Sydney when 4 years of age, with his parents. At the age of 7 he had learned the flute under the great French master, M. Longchamp [Jean Francois Lonchamp], and later he studied under another equally famous Frenchman, the violinist M. Guthrow [Joseph Gautrot]. The latter had been Napoleon's first violinist. Mr. Walker played in opera in Sydney, and took a prominent place in his accompaniments under Mr. Vincent Wallace [recte Spencer Wellington WALLACE, brother of], the composer of Maritana. He also played his flute in The Barber of Seville, Il Trovatore, and William Tell.


"A GRAND OLD MUSICIAN", The Brisbane Courier (16 March 1926), 11

"LIVED IN FOUR REIGNS. MARYBOROUGH", The Courier Mail (9 November 1933), 14

"Mr. James Walker", The Courier-Mail (31 March 1934), 11

WALKER, John Curwen

Musical amateur, amateur choral singer, secretary of the Hobart Town Choral Society

Born England, c. 1811/12; song of Charles WALKER (d. 1847) and Bridget Christian CURWEN (d. 1859)
Arrived VDL (TAS), 1831
Married Anne Louisa SHALLARD, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 5 February 1842
Died Brighton, VIC, 20 January 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WALKER, William

Musical amateur, flute player, singer, songwriter, memorist

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 28 February 1828
Arrived Windsor, NSW, December 1837
Died Windsor, NSW, 12 June 1908 (NLA persistent identifier)


Reminiscences (personal, social and political) of a fifty years' residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury: a lecture . . .by William Walker (Sydney: Turner and Henderson, 1890)

[9]. . . But we had at the same time a pleasant establishment in town, namely one of Her Majesty's regiments of the line - the gallant 80th, or Staffordshire. They were a splendid set of men, finely officered, from the colonel downwards, and they had a magnificent band. The bandmaster was the late Samuel Edgerton, a gentleman who eventually left the regiment, and spent the remainder of his life in Windsor, becoming Captain of the Windsor Volunteers, and dying at an advanced age universally respected . . . The band was the finest military one that ever came to the colony. The bandmaster led with the clarionet, and a very stately fellow played the cornet to perfection. My young patriotic blood used to warm up when I heard them play in grand style when marching through George-street that favourite air "The Blue Bells of Scotland." There were a good many blacks down the Hawkesbury then, and I remember the officers on one occasion getting up a corroboree in Thompson's Square . . . I never saw a corroboree before, and have never seen one since. I will not attempt to describe it - such a thing could not be conceived in the present day. The 80th left Windsor after a year or two, and were succeeded by another regiment, but I never could fancy it, after the former. They departed from Windsor one moonlight night, having to walk all the way to Parramatta. They marched out of town over the South Creek Bridge towards McGrath's Hill playing that exhilarating and lively tune, "The Girl I Left Behind Me," - the echoes of which still haunt me. There were many wet eyes that night amongst "the girls," and I can only say for myself, young as I was, that I felt the departure of these fine fellows from amongst us very much. When the regiment left the colony, Mr. Edgerton, the bandmaster, took up his abode in the old Peninsula Farm Cottage, overlooking the Peninsula Estate, where the reviews of the troops had occasionally taken place before the General, Sir Maurice O'Connell . . .

[10] . . . The Wesleyans also had a temporary place until they built a suitable chapel in Macquarie-street. The minister was the late Rev. John Schofield. I used frequently to attend the missionary meetings held annually. There were no American organs in those days, and the music was led by a clarionet player and a bass viol, the latter being played by the late Mr. Samuel Marsden, of Macquarie-street . . . In the Church of England for some years prior to and after we came to Windsor, the music was led by a portion of the military band. The Presbyterians, to whom our family belonged, only held service then in the afternoon at the Court House, kindly lent by the Police Magistrate, but my father generally sent me to the Church of England in the forenoon. The soldiers and band marched to and from the church. I thought it was grand to hear some of the splendid band of the 80th play in the church - in particular, I admired that fine old lyric, the Morning Hymn, regularly gone through at the commencement of the service:

Awake my soul, and with the sun
Thy daily stage of duty run;
Shake off dull sloth, and joyful rise
To pay thy morning sacrifice,

the whole congregation standing, and joining in the sweet melody. I recollect the present organ being afterwards erected, and which has for so many years [11] well sustained the musical portion of the services. The Presbyterians had no church for a number of years after our arrival in Windsor . . . There was no instrument used, and my father led the singing at Windsor for a length of time . . .

"Reminiscences - Personal and Political of a 50 Years' Residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (13 September 1890), 1

. . . Speaking of shows, we used sometimes to have those of a diverting character. Circuses were the most frequent-one in particular, Burton's, was very good in that kind of thing. The programme generally wound up with "Dick Turpin's Ride to York " on Bonny Black Bess- her death being the final scene. Then we had tight-rope dancers and mountebanks. One much admired was mastered by Signor Della Casa and some young females, which was held in what is now the yard of the present Bank of New South Wales. There was no School of Arts or other public hall in those days. All public meetings, concerts, and indoor amusements were, by permission of the authorities, held in the Court House. And some very entertaining and amusing affairs took place - though some of them looked like impostures. A fellow calling himself Ali Ben Su Ali, with a small company, gave a concert, and played himself some novel stringed instrument. There did not appear to be anything very wonderful in it, but he was dressed in Turkish fashion, and his costume seemed to attract more notice than his music. He posed as a Mahommedan, but the current belief was that under the cognomen of Ali Ben Su Ali, his real name was Ben Sullivan, and that he was an Irishman. Another concert we had was a really fine one, by the celebrated Hungarian Violinist, Miska Hausa. His performance on the violin was wonderful. I have never forgotten his playing of one piece, "The Bird on the Tree," in which he imitated the chirping of the feathered creatures marvellously . . .

In the days of my early man-hood there were a number of amiable and hospitable families about Windsor - possessed of ample means, which they used with great generosity. I don't see many like them now-a-days. In particular, there were three which I would like to mention. There were the Scarvells, of Killarney, the Hales, of Clifton, and afterwards of Fairfield, and the Fitzgeralds' of Windsor. When I was attaining to man's estate I was a frequently-invited guest to parties and social-reunions. My acquaintance with the Scarvells arose from the three eldest sons being my school-fellows at my father's school. They were weekly boarders, going home on Saturdays, returning on Monday mornings, and I was often taken with them to their happy paternal mansion. Mrs. Scarvell was a charming lady and the whole family most agreeable. The little homely parties which we used to have then can never be effaced from my memory. All the boys played the flute and I was an amateur at it myself, and we used to take it in turns to play the quadrilles, waltzes and polkas. Poor fellows they have all gone, and followed their respected parents to early graves. The Hales' were, if anything, more jolly, but it was chiefly whist-playing and music that prevailed at Clifton and Fairfield. Miss Hale was an accomplished pianist and singer. Her future husband, Mr. Wm. McQuade, and myself, used often to join her at the piano with songs. One we used to sing was the "Canadian Boat Song," seldom now heard. It occurred to me whilst riding home one night with Mr. McQuade and hearing St. Matthew's church-bell toll 11 o'clock, that I might make a parody upon it, which I did and we sang it as follow:

Sweetly as tolls St. Matthew's chime,
So sweet we pass our evening time;
Melodious music rings around,
The fields we charm with dulcet sound.
Ride, brothers ride - the hours fly fast,
The road is drear - the moonlight's past.

Soon as our horses pass the hill
The breeze is bushed; and all is still;
We sing our weary homeward song,
And echo tills the vales along.
Ride, brothers ride, &c.

We leave glad scenes and faces dear,
To brave the night, so dark and drear;
The stars alone upon us shine,
And thus we pass our evening time.
Ride, brothers ride, &c.

Mr. and Mrs. Hale were the most hospitable people I ever knew. They made a practice of inviting all the friends that they met at the Windsor races - on a race meeting - to dine with them at Clifton or Fairfield. They also had a good lunch or pic-nic on the ground during the day. I was always welcome to these, and, full of youthful spirits, I enjoyed them greatly, and at them I met with many gentlemen of social and political position whose acquaintance I found of value in after life. The Fitzgeralds were more formal. They gave several grand balls, and at one of these I met the young lady whom I made my first partner in life, so that I had occasion to remember with gratitude their attentions to me. It was after one of these delightful gatherings that I was inspired to write the following lines which were afterwards set to music by the late Isaac Nathan, the composer of Byron's Hebrew Melodies, and an opera called "Don John of Austria":

'Tis sad to leave those scenes of joy
Where mirth and music's glee
Pervade each heart and smiling face
And all is melody.
'Tis sad to think of by-gone hours
When happy we have been,
But which in time's unwearied flight
Will never more be seen.

'Tis sad to say farewell to those
Dear friends whose converse sweet
Has brightened gloomy nights' long hours
And welcomed us to meet;
But sadder far, it is to part
From those we dearest love,
Oh I such a rending of the heart
Ascends to heaven above.

WALLACE, Maria (Mrs., "Miss")


1 or 2 soprano (mezzo-soprano) vocalists

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1855; ? Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Active Adelaide, SA, until c.1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

? See also Miss FITZGERALD


"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (10 April 1855), 3

Mrs. Wallace, a pupil of Mrs. Mitchell's, was also well received; she possesses a sweet voice, and a charming manner . . .

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (23 April 1855), 6 

Herr Veit Rahm, the popular performer on the Zither, has been engaged at this establishment. A Miss Fitzgerald made her debut on Saturday, and met with a favorable reception, although evidently suffering from extreme nervousness. Terms have been offered to M. Coulon, but it is doubtful whether he will accept them. Mrs. D'Alton and Miss Louisa Swannell are pursuing a most successful career, both ladies being nightly encored. Mr. Callen's new quadrille, "Le Jardin Botanique," is a sparkling composition, and has been arranged in a musician-like manner.

"UNGALANT BEHAVIOUR", The Age (29 March 1856), 3 

Miss Maria Wallace, a professional vocalist, appeared at the City Court on Friday, to substantiate a charge against a hackney-carriage driver for misconduct. The prosecutrix, it appeared, was about to proceed by tne Burra Burra, steamer, for Adelaide, in order to fulfil a professional engagement. Having very little time to spare she was anxious to get away from Melbourne with her luggage, and was tempted by an offer from a hackney-carriage driver named Seabrook, who undertook to drive her at once to the pier, and thus save her the trouble and expense of porterage. On arriving at the railway station he pulled up and refused to proceed further, and on her remonstrating with him, he addressed her in very improper terms. Thus dishonorably left in the lurch, the unfortunate lady was obliged to hire a dray to bring her luggage back to Melbourne, she having lost her passage by the unmanly conduct of the cab-driver. The Mayor, who happened to be presiding magistrate, strongly reprobated the conduct of Seabrook, who by his selfish behaviour had not only lost the lady her passage, but jeopardized her engagement in Adelaide, and subjected her to very considerable annoyance and expense. He adjudged him to pay one shilling fine for misconduct, and five pounds costs.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Adelaide Observer (5 April 1856), 4 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 April 1856), 1 

NOTICE - PANTHEON ASSEMBLY ROOMS. - TO-NIGHT. - First Appearance of Mrs. WALLACE, the celebrated Vocalist, since her return from Melbourne and the neighbouring colonies . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (3 October 1856), 2

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (24 October 1856), 2

Mrs. Wallace gave great satisfaction in her song, "Slumber, my darling", and was pleasing, although not quite so effective, in "Auld Robin Gray".

[Advertisement], The Age (7 November 1856), 1 

NATIONAL MUSIC HALL, Bourke-street east. Engagement of Mrs. Wallace (late Miss Fitzgerald) the much admired Soprano.

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Age (29 December 1856), 5 

. . . It is gratifying to be able to state that the evening concert, held at the National and City Hotels, in Bourke street, are unexceptionably conducted, and at the present moment possess vocal and instrumental talent of high order. At the former place the proprietor has engaged the services of Mrs. Wallace, an exceedingly pleasing soprano, Mr. Ellis an excellent comic singer, and Messrs. Benjamin and Kitts, whose fine tenor and bass voices render them a great acquisition . . .

]Advertisement], The Argus (30 April 1857), 8 

GEELONG MUSIC HALL, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel. - Miss FITZGERALD, the celebrated Irish Ballad Singer, will appear nightly.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT AT GLENELG", South Australian Register (11 March 1859), 3

On Thursday evening Signor Cutolo gave the first of his series of farewell concerts at the Town Hall, Glenelg, in presence of a very large and fashionable company. The Signor was assisted by Mrs. Wallace, and the concert went off with the most perfect success . . .

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 November 1864), 3 

Mr. H. J. Hall, the polyphonist, took his benefit at White's Booms on Monday evening, October 31, united by Mrs. Wallace, who sang some favourite songs, and Mr. Schrader, who played a brilliant solo on the cornet . . . Probably on account of the sultry evening and the thinness of the audience, the evening's entertainments did not go off very spiritedly. However, many parts of it were applauded, and Mrs. Wallace's song, "O steer my bark to Erin's Isle," was encored.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 November 1864), 1 

. . . Mrs. Wallace, the favourite Vocalist, Pupil of Signor Cutolo . . .

"MONDAY EVENING'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 November 1864), 2 

. . . The pleasing strains of Mrs. Wishart, the gushing melodies of Mrs. Wallace, and the artless warblings of Miss Bastard were each in their turn fully appreciated and heartily applauded by the audience. The performances, however, of Mr. Linly Norman and Mr. R. B. White, as well as those of Herr Schrader and his associates, were in several instances brilliant and masterly for their execution . . .

"SACRED CONCERT AT THE TOWN HALL", South Australian Register (11 July 1866), 2 

. . . In the first of the selections from the production "Paradise" that followed, Mr. Proctor had an excellent opportunity for exhibiting his complete mastery over the flute. In the air, "Bright Blissful State," belonging to the same pieces Mrs. Wallace manifested some slight trepidation, otherwise, with more confidence, she would have created a more favourable impression, as her voice, though not high, has many good qualities . . .

WALLACE, Alexander

Bandmaster, conductor, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1872
Died Brighton Beach, VIC, March 1937, in his 91st year


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 August 1874), 1

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (24 July 1877), 3

All our best musical talent kindly gave their services, and the new city band appeared for the first time in public, playing three times very creditably. Amongst their performances was a gallop, composed by the bandmaster, Mr. Wallace, and called by him the Tasmanian main line galop, which was very deservedly applauded by the audience.

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Mercury (16 July 1879), 3

"MUSICAL ENTHUSIASM", Examiner (11 November 1926), 4

"THE BAND'S FOUNDER. MR. ALEXANDER WALLACE", Examiner (13 November 1926), 10

"WEDDED SIXTY YEARS TODAY", Examiner (24 September 1928), 9

"IN 91st YEAR. Death of Mr. A. Wallace", Examiner (15 March 1937), 6

The death has occurred of Mr. Alexander Wallace, musician, of Canterbury-place, Brighton, in his 91st year. Mr. Wallace, who was a native of Dundee, Scotland, arrived in Victoria with his wife in 1872, and later went to Launceston, where in 1876 he founded the Launceston City Band and the Musical Union. The City Band first appeared in public at Westbrook's auction mart in Paterson-street in 1877. Among the players was Mr. John H. Edwards, who afterwards became bandmaster in succession to Mr. Wallace, and who is the father of Mr. Chester Edwards, the present bandmaster. It has always been a very fine band, although it does not go in a great deal for competitions, because the founder held the opinion that competitions meant some degree of dislocation in the work of the band. One of the leading bands in Tasmania, it proved its quality by winning the open championship of Australia in 1887, and it was also well placed in other contests. In 1892, Mr. Wallace returned to Melbourne, and was the first conductor of the Victorian Railways Band. In addition, he founded the Lyric Club and was its conductor . . . He was a very fine cornet soloist in his earlier years . . .


WALLACE, Caroline (Miss GREEN; Mrs. S. W. WALLACE; Mrs. BATTERS)


WALLACE, Isabella (Miss KELLY; Mrs William Vincent WALLACE)

WALLACE, Spencer (senior)

WALLACE, Spencer Wellington

WALLACE, William Vincent

See main entry:


Vocalist, actor

Born England, 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 May 1854 (per Matchless, from San Francisco, 17 March and Honolulu, 17 April)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, November 1855
Died New York, 28 February 1899



Actors Emma and Daniel Waller, "from the principal Theatres of London, Dublin, and the United States" toured Australia in 1854-55, opening in Sydney in June 1854 playing Ophelia and Hamlet. She was also an accomplished singer, and was regularly billed for songs, as in the farce Loan of a lover later in the month, when she sang several solos and a duet with Frank Howson. Emma's last Ophelia was in Melbourne, to G. V. Brooke as Hamlet, in November 1855, whereafter they cut short their intended stay and returned to Europe. Shortly after their departure, W. J. Johnson in Sydney published John Winterbottom's The bird song (as "Sung by Mrs Emma Waller") (copy at Historic Houses Trust NSW Library).


"ARRIVALS", Empire (23 May 1854), 2

"MORE AMERICAN STARS", Bell's Life in Sydney (27 May 1854), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1854), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1855), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (26 November 1855), 6

Bibliography and resources:

"Emma Waller", Wikipedia


Bass vocalist, pianist, songwriter, composer, builder and developer, publican and entrepreneur (Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, Botany)

Go to main page:

WALLER, John Gough (Mr. J. G. WALLER)

Musical amateur, member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born India, 1820
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), c. 1830s
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1842
Active Launceston, TAS, 1880s
Died Sydney, NSW, 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Professor of music, pianist, composer, band-leader

Active Kyneton and Bendigo, VIC, 1857-59 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Orchestral trumpet player

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1861

Wallerstein (or Wallenstein) was first documented at Campbell's Creek, near Castlemaine, in March 1857, advertising that his "Theatre Band s always ready to attend Balls, Quadrille parties, and Reunions of every kind, on the shortest notice."

In Kyneton in July 1857, he formed a performing partnership with a vocalist, the pair billing themselves respectively as Frederick Woodin, "composer, vocalist, and humorist", and Henri Wallerstein, the "eminent pianist". Having the surnames of two musicians then popular in Britain - Anton Wallerstein (1813-1892), the dance composer, and William Samuel Woodin (1825-1888), a vocal delineator and entertainer - they also included in their first advertisement spurious reviews of supposed former performances in Dublin's Rotunda and London's Hanover Square Rooms.

Woodin was in fact an alias of Alfred Hugh Havell, who had arrived in Melbourne from England only a month earlier.

If, as also seems possible, Henri Wallerstein was not his real name, the pianist's identity remains as yet a mystery.

A Ferdinand Wallerstein was also then active in Britain as a violinist, conductor, and composer.


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (20 March 1857), 1 

"CONCERT", The Kyneton Observer (4 September 1857), 2 

Messrs. Woodin and Wallenstein gave another of their grand musical performances on Tuesday evening in the saloon of the Royal Hotel, to a numerous and highly respectable assembly. We have seldom passed a more pleasant evening. Mr. Woodin is one of those vocalists who is qualified to sound any key, at one time dissolving his audience to tears, and at another keeping them in constant roars of laughter. The real secret of this power lies in a thorough knowledge of the original sentiment which dictated the song. "Mother, be proud of your boy in blue," by Eliza Cook, was sung with great taste and feeling, appealing to the hearts of all who heard it: and "The Little Fat Man" was a chef d'oeuvre of humour which we have seldom heard excelled. Mr. Wallenstein, in his solo on the piano-forte, surpassed any musician we ever heard in this colony. His wonderful powers of execution, combined with the most exquisite finish and taste, created quite a furor. The piece he performed was a Caprice of his own composition, from "Massaniello." He was loudly and deservedly encored.

"SOIREE AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, CASTLEMAINE", Bendigo Advertiser (26 October 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 December 1857), 3

"GRAND CONCERT", & [Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1858), 3

"WAGES", Bendigo Advertiser (9 February 1858), 3

"A CURIOUS REFLECTION", Bendigo Advertiser (14 May 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Kyneton Observer (8 February 1859), 4 

GRAND BALL/ KYNETON ATHENAEUM. MR. WALLERSTEIN'S GRAND BALL is fixed for THURSDAY, the 10th of February, 1859, at the above Hall . . . Harvey's celebrated quadrille Band will perform during the night, conducted by Mr. Wallerstein. The following new and admired dances will be introduced for the first time in Kyneton. - Polka (The Belle of Kyneton), Wallerstein's Laughing Polka, Varsoviana (The Rose), Waltzes (The Rainbow and Sunset), Quadrilles (Ball, Masque, Sydenham Palace), &c., &c. . . .

"MEW INSOLVENTS", The Age (26 February 1859), 6 

Henri Wallenstein, of Kyneton, professor of music. Mr Shaw, official assignee. Causes of insolvency: Professional losses, pressure of a judgment creditor, and execution for rent. Debts, £151 6s 6d; assets, £63 4s; deficiency, £105 2s 6d.-

"CERTIFICATES", The Argus (6 September 1859), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1861), 8

MUSICAL UNION. GRAND CONCERT . . . Trumpets, Messrs. Richardson, Wallerstein . . .


German composer of dance music Anton Wallerstein (1813-1892); London-based composer Ferdinand Wallerstein; see "ART AND LITERARY GOSSIP", Empire (8 April 1863), 5

WALLIS, James (James WALLIS)

Army officer (46th Regiment), amateur musician, flautist, flute player, visual artist, Indigenous culture reporter

Born Cork, Ireland, c. 1785
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1814 (captain of the regiment, per convict transport General Hewitt)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 3 March 1819 (with regiment, per Tottenham, for India)
Died Prestbury, Gloucestershire, England, 12 July 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


James Wallis, detail of colour sketch, with drum, flute, and music, 1835 (MAIN IMAGE)

James Wallis served as captain of the 46th Regiment in Australia. While commandant at Newcastle, he made one of the earliest known drawings of a large scale corroboree, a scene also worked up in a painting attributed to his convict protege Joseph Lycett.

Wallis also played the flute, and depicted his instrument and a piece of his music, together with his regiment's drum, in a memorial sketch he made in 1835. The double page of music in the picture, of a single vocal line with underlaid text, though tiny, is legible enough to be identified, and it is clear that he carefully chose the song segment in question:

James Wallis, detail of colour sketch, with his flute and music; State Library of New South Wales

Let Fate do her worst, there are relics of joy,
Bright dreams of the past, which she cannot destroy . . .

These words, with the proper tune above, are the opening lines of the third verse of the song Farewell, but whenever you welcome the hour, published in 1813 in the fifth number Thomas Moore and John Stevenson's Irish melodies.

A selection of Irish melodies, with symphonies and accompaniments by Sir John Stevenson Mus.Doc. and characteristic words by Thomas Moore esq. [no. 5] (London: J. Power, [1813]) (DIGITISED)

NOTE: With thanks to historian Robin Walsh (2019) for kindly bringing this image to my attention.


James Wallis - pictorial material and manuscripts; State Library of New South Wales (VOLUME 1 DIGITISED) (MAIN IMAGE)

Wallis signed his colour sketch on the central text panel of the main image, "James Wallis - Cove [of Cork], July 17th, 1835"

An attached card insert, revealed by lifting the lid of the urn, has another inscription in which Wallis explained the symbolism of the artwork: (INSERT IMAGE)

remembrances of past Life.
The Cape of Good [Hope] which I twice visited – the fine mountains of South America,
my dog and parrot all copied from nature, my flute and music,
the colours of my Regiment which I so often bore surmount the large drum I followed for so many years,
the musquet and sword worn as a private and an officer,
the grenadier and light infantry cap denote I served on both flanks,
my charger now food for the crows shew I was a field Officer,
the hour glass in the foreground has like my life, nearly ran its course,
on the pedestal the statue of the immortal William show the principles I have lived
& will die professing, the arms of my native city Cork and the corporate badge that I served the office of Sheriff
on the Urn the badge and motto of friendly brotherhood are depicted to say I am an old member of that fine order.

Album of original drawings by Captain James Wallis and Joseph Lycett, ca. 1817-1818, bound with An historical account of the Colony of New South Wales (London: Rudolph Ackermann, 1821); State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED) (CORROBOREE)

WALSH, Charles (C. WALSH; C. H. WALSH; "Charley WALSHE", alias of Charles Edward PUGH)

Actor, baritone vocalist, operatic and theatrical manaager, publican

Born London, England, 25 December 1824
Active Adelaide, SA, November 1850 and 1851; 1855
Otherwise mainly active VIC
Active London, England, 1870s
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 12 May 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Walsh (Pugh) had probably arrived in Victoria, from England, by early 1850. He was in Adelaide June that year, and in December joined the company for the opening season of Coppin and Lazar's Royal Victoria Theatre. He also appeared regularly in Adelaide as a public and concert singer, notably introducing a new local song, The old colonist's song (to the tune of The fine old English Gentleman), at a public dinner in March 1851. He left permanently for Melbourne in January 1852, though paid a return visit to Adelaide with a theatrical company in the spring of 1855, billed than as being "of the Theatre Royal, Melbourne". He also spent time during the 1850s performing in theatre and concerts in Ballarat and Bendigo.

An outline of his later career can be gleaned from the extracts below.


"HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", South Australian (31 October 1850), 2 

. . . "God save the Queen" (with accompaniment), well sung by Mr. Walsh, a new arrival . . .

"OPENING OF THE NEW VICTORIA THEATRE", Adelaide Times (28 December 1850), 2 

. . . A nigger song by Mr. Squash, and a sentimental one by Mr. C. Walsh, the latter gentleman a great acquisition to the establishment . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Adelaide Times (3 January 1851), 3 

. . . Mr. C. W. Walsh's song of the "Standard bearer" was sung to some new tune, which nobody had ever heard before, but a few ragamuffins in the pit and gallery had the bad taste to encore the wretched tap-room doggrel, which was afterwards sung even worse, if possible, than before. Mr. Walsh is no singer, and it shows a great deal of assurance in him to open his mouth before a public audience. Let him watch those who encore him, and see if they are apparently good judges of vocal or insturmental music! . . .

"MADAME F. ALLEN'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (14 March 1851), 2 

. . . We must compliment Mr. Walsh on his improvement since we heard him at the Theatre. His voice is an excellent one, and with study he ought to turn out a capital singer; we have seldom heard Wallace's song "In happy moments" rendered better . . .

"OLD COLONISTS' FESTIVAL", Adelaide Times (28 March 1851), 3 

"MRS. JUPP'S EVENING CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (12 April 1851), 5 

. . . Mr. Walsh and Mr. Daniel need no special praise, being so generally appreciated. They have both of them magnificent voices, and the critic has no right to look for that nice cultivation of tone and expression which he demands from a professional singer . . . Song - "My Skiff is on the shore," Mr. Walsh . . .

"KOORINGA CONCERTS", Adelaide Observer (3 May 1851), 2 

Mr. George Bennett's concert on Friday the 25th instant, at the Barra Hotel, Kooringa, was well attended. The programme was judiciously selected, including the favourite "Old Colonists' Song," "Adelaide Polka," and Jetty TrefF's celebrated song, "Trab, Trab, Trab," as well as many other charming songs, duets, and an overture, all of which gave the utmost satisfaction to the auditory . . . The "Old Colonists' Song," by Mr. C. Walsh, was exceedingly well sung; it elicited much applause, and was encored. Mr. Walsh's improved voice and better management of it since his sojourn in Adelaide are sufficiently obvious. We were better pleased with his singing on this than on any former occasions . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 January 1852), 2 

. . . MR. WILLIAMS acquaints his friends that several of "THE RIGHT SORT," who are just "OFF TO THE DIGGINGS," will MEET THIS EVENING at his House for a PARTING JOLLIFICATION . . . Mr. C. WALSH will sing in character "Billy Barlow's Farewell on Going to the Diggings" (written expressly for the occasion), accompanied by OLD JOE on the piano forte . . .

[2 articles] South Australian Register (6 September 1855), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . The indisposition of Mr. Vinson, it was announced, rendered an alteration of the cast necessary, go that Mr. C. Walsh, set down in the bills for the Baron Steinfborth had to undertake at short notice the Polonius-like character of Old Solomon, and acquitted himself (so long as he adhered to the text) capitally. He has, however acquired a habit of indulging in what the players call a "gag," which he would do well to reform altogether . . .

PORT ADELAIDE THEATRE . . . To suit the taste of nautical visitors Mr. C. Walsh (the celebrated baritone) will sing Dibdin's song, "Will Watch" . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (25 September 1855), 1 

NAPOLEON HOTEL. MR. RAMSAY'S, KING WILLIAM-STREET, ADELAIDE. THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25. COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. CHARLES WALSH. TT being the intention of our old favourite Mr. CHARLES WALSH to return to Melbourne to procure an Equestrian Comnuuv for this City, a number of old colonists anxious to testify their regard to him intend giving him a COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT at the above Splendid Hotel, this evening, Tuesday, September 25, 1855. In the course of the evening Mr C. W. will sing several of his popular and celebrated songs, incling "Cheer! Boys Cheers!" "The First Cannon Shot," "The Death of Nelson," "The World is on the Move," and the Tragic History of the "Babes in the Wood." Pianist and Conductor, Herr Ritchley. To commence at 8 o'clock. Admission 3s. each. September 25, 1855.

"NOTES ON ENGLISH THEATRICALS", The Australasian (18 December 1869), 18 

Mr. J. B. Howe, who announces his departure for Melbourne by the Great Britain on the 29th of March, 1870, has been playing a farewell London engagement at the East London Theatre, Whitecnapel-road, at which establishment Mr. Charles Walsh, an old Melbourne actor, was also engaged . . .

"ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS", The Lorgnette (7 November 1888), 2 

. . . Charles Walsh (Pugh) is living at Fitzroy. Exact address not known." For the information of yourself and that journal we may state that the above erstwhile popular actor - then known as Charley Walsh - was for many years landlord of an hotel in Wellington street, Collingwood, and at the present time is, as C. W. Pugh, the respected boniface of the Adam and Eve Hotel, Flinders street east.

"DEATHS", The Argus (15 May 1902), 1 


Licensed Victuallers throughout Victoria will regret to hear of the death of Mr. C. E. Pugh, an old Licensed Victualler, and always a sturdy champion of Trade interests. The sad event took place at the deceased gentleman's late residence, the Shepherd's Arms Hotel, Smith-street, Fitzroy, on the 12th inst. Born on Christmas Day, 1824, at the Royal Victory Hotel, Hampstead, London, "Charley" Pugh was born and nursed in the Trade. No wonder then he was ever to be found fighting "fads" and fanatics. His first license was "Job's Castle," Holloway, which he conducted until the news of the gold diggings in Victoria and the gigantic fortunes made by lucky miners arrived in England. Mr. Pugh came to Victoria, and started life as a comedian under the nom de theatre of "Charley Walshe;" and it is a pathetic coincidence that the first and favorite song he sang on the boards was was the last he sang in this world - viz., "Oft in tbe Stilly Night" - which he sang a few weeks before his death. As Charley Walshe be gained a high reputation as an all-round comedian and vocalist, and up to the end his voice maintained its melody and resonance. The writer remembers one evening at "Fred" Salmon's Hotel, Bendigo, in company with Jacob Cohn, the brewer, and a number of Old Bendigonians after a meeting in connection with the Golden Square local option poll. We were having a pleasant evening, and Mr. Pugh favored the company with a few songs, which he originally sang in the old Princess' Theatre, Bendigo, in 1852, then a canvas concern under the management of Wallack and Cohen . . .


. . . I had almost forgotten Charlie Walsh, the singer and actor, famous here for singing "Will Watch, the Bold Smuggler," and cigars and cognac, and he was clown in the pantomime. I believe he is alive yet somewhere in Melbourne . . .

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (28 October 1908), 2 

. . . Mr. W. H. Ford, refers to that fine old-time actor, Mr. Charles Walsh Pugh. Mr. Ford has fallen into some errors as regards Mr. Pugh, and his family, with whom I am very friendly, have asked me to send you a correction. In the first place, Mr. Pugh arrived in 1851, not 1847. They also demur to his being called a "thin, small man" - as a matter of fact, up to a few months before his death, in May, 1902, he weighed close upon thirteen stone. No doubt Mr. Ford remembered him as very much heavier. Mr. Pugh went to England in the late sixties, and returned in 1881, when he became landlord of the Prince of Wales Hotel, Otter-street, Collingwood. Mr. Ford states that Mrs. Walsh was dead in 1898. She died in May, 1908 - 10 years after - at the Flinders Hotel, Flinder's-lane, where the family still carry on the business. Any interested person calling there will be shewn, for the asking, various stage daggers, spurs, and other articles presented to the late Mr. Pugh by G. V. Brooke, Barry Sullivan, and other tragedians. Mr. Walsh Pugh's last appearance on the stage was about 1882, as The Giant in "Jack, the Giant-killer." He had a splendid base voice, and made an excellent Hecate in "Macbeth." Mr. Pugh's family will be pleased if you will publish this . . .

WALSHE, William Sesnan

Tenor vocalist

Born Geelong, VIC, July 1858
Died Harrogate, England, 1910


[News], The Argus (29 March 1880), 5

At St. Patrick's Cathedral yesterday, a cantata "Laudate Dominum de coelis" arranged for solo, duet and chorus, and written expressly for the Easter Sunday services was performed by the choir. The composer was Mr. C. A. Tracy the cathedral organist. Haydn's Imperial Mass was performed, the leading soprano being Madame Fanny Simonsen, contralto, Mrs. Tracy, tenor Mr. Walshe, bass Mr. Rainford. An efficient chorus of about 50 voices assisted . . . The attendance at the Juvenile Exhibition on Saturday was again very large, numbering 2,800 . . . Mrs. Cutter, Mrs. Smythe, and Mrs Perraton each sang some very pleasing songs, as did also Messrs Walshe, Bergin and Moyle . . . The final quartette "The Blue Bells of Scotland" was rendered in a very pleasing manner by Mrs. Smythe, Mrs. Cutter, Mr. Walshe, and Mr Bergin, and the concert generally reflected credit on the conductor, Mr. Summers.

"ENTERTAINMENTS", The Australasian (22 September 1883), 18

At the Princess's on Saturday night last, Mr William Walshe, a gentleman with an excellent tenor voice, a good appearance, an intelligent manner, and who, moreover has enjoyed the good voice-training which is to be obtained by a course of study under that mistress of her art, Madame Lucy Chambers, made his first appearance. He was well received, and he deserved the reception. The part of the War Correspondent does not perhaps give a very abundant opportunity for display, but it enabled one to judge very fairly of the debutant; and so he may be congratulated upon the success he won.

"An Australian Tenor", Table Talk (14 December 1888), 16

Mr. William Walshe, the young Australian tenor was born in Geelong in July 1858, but has lived in Melbourne since he was two years old. In 1881, he began to be known as an excellent oratorio singer in such works as The Messiah, The Creation, The Seasons and The Redemption - in connection with the Philharmonic Society. Mr. Walshe was also a performing member of the Metropolitan Liedertafel for a couple of years. For a considerable time he held a good position in the Water Rates Department, but the operatic stage tempting him, Mr. Walshe accepted an engagement from Miss Emelie Melville, then performing at the old Princess, and made his first appearance in opera on September 15, 1883, in the character of Julian Hardy (Fatinitza), when all the cricketers in Melbourne thronged to see their confrere, and gave him a reception that lasted nearly ten minutes, for Walshe had been a prominent member of the East Melbourne and Carlton Cricket Clubs. In 1884 he went with the Melville Opera Troupe to India and the East, but the company disintegrating, he joined the section under Mr. Edward Farley's management, and travelled for about two years through India, China and Japan with that gentleman returning to Australia and appearing in Sydney, in 1886, after which he joined the Verdi opera company for a short time. During the last two years Mr. Walshe has been engaged at all the leading Sydney concerts, and altogether has had a pretty varied experience of the musical and theatrical professions, but has always been a favorite with the public and with the performers, while his old friends of the cricketing clubs to which he belonged are very proud of him. Mr. Walshe received all his instructions from Madame Lucy Chambers. Recently he has been singing very successfully at the Opera House in connection with Mr. Simonsen's company in the Bohemian Girl and Maritana. He is a son of Mr. J. S. Walshe, who was killed in 1870, endeavouring to save the life of the Hon. G. P. Smith. While on the eastern tour, and later, Mr. Walshe has played the leading tenor parts in Fatinitza, Royal Middy, Grand Duchesse, Belle Helene, Prince Methusalem, Les Cloches de Corneville, Olivette, La Fille de Madame Angot, La Mascotte, Trial by Jury, Pinafore, Pirates of Penzance, Patience, Girofle, Perichole, Mikado, Bohemian Girl, Maritana, Trovatore, Faust, Lily of Killarney, and Carmen.

"THE LATE WILLIAM WALSHE", Sunday Times (2 October 1910), 18

In recording the death of William Sesan [sic] Walshe at the age of 60, the London "Era" of August 20 regretted the passing of "a talented actor, and accomplished musician." The Australian tenor had been in England since 1895 . . .

WALTON, Humphrey William (Mr. H. W. WALTON)

Professor of music, viola (tenor) player

Born London, England, c. 1822; baptised St. Mary, Lambeth, 19 May 1824 (son of Humphrey and Sophia WALTON, Doris Street)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 24 February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from Plymouth, 16 October 1837)
Died Redfern, Sydney, NSW, 16 June 1871, in his 50th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Humphrey William Walton was the son of the London piano maker of the same name. His birth date is unknown, but since he was baptised in May 1824 on the same day as his brother (William Henry) he may have been born somewhat earlier. Calculated by his reported age at death, he no more than 16 years old on arrival in Sydney, appearing on the shipping lists as "musician".

According to the minute book of the Chapel Committee for the Princes Street and Macquarie Street Chapels records a resolution passed on 12 May 1828 (Rushworth 1988, 37) a seraphine was acquired for the Macquarie Street Chapel in 1838, for £20 from Samuel Hebblethwaite, and a Mr. Walton was allowed £25 a year for playing it.

Walton was listed among the (? string) instrumentalists at Eliza Bushelle's concert in December 1839, and at Isaac Nathan's Oratorio in Sydney in June 1841. He was probably the Walton listed as an organist of St. Mary's Cathedral c.1848-54.

In December 1842, he advertised: "Pianoforte Wanted . . .a very superior Instrument. Apply . . . to Mr. Walton, Professor of Music". Walton was "principal tenor" player at the first of Nathan's Australian Philharmonic Concerts in May 1844. With S. W. Wallace as leader, "Mr. Walton" was "Conductor" of the band at Maria Hinckesman's concert in October 1846. In June 1855, an advertisement appeared in the Herald: "Mr. H. W. WALTON, Professor of Music and Pianoforte tuner, begs to notify that he has removed from Prince-street, to No. 42, Palmer street, Woolloomooloo".

The same Walton had previously advertised in Brisbane, QLD, in September and October 1852 as a piano tuner and regulator. He was at Redfern-street, Redfern in 1863, and died there in June 1871.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (26 February 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 December 1839), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841),  2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 May 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 October 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (25 September 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (9 October 1852), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (11 June 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1863), 7

"DEATHS", Empire (20 June 1871), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Edward F. Rimbault, The Pianoforte, its origin, progress, and construction (London: Rob. Cocks & Co., 1860), 150

Henry Curtis (1902), quoted in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, volume 2, 207-08

[Bishop Charles Davis] introduced many effects not in the organ score, and rarely ever played it twice alike. His playing of the psalms at Vespers was really unsurpassable, and almost unapproachable. Every verse received a different treatment according to its meaning, and the pedal runs were often something marvellous. There was at the time a paid organist attached to the Cathedral. His name was Walton. He was a thorough organist of the strict English school. The dear Bishop used often to say that he would give a great deal to be able to play as well as Walton did. But the choir and the congregation preferred the Bishop's style. The music would always go with far more [208] spirit when the good Bishop was presiding at the organ . . .

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Music, Choir and Organ", in Patrick O'Farrell (ed.), St. Mary's Cathedral Sydney, 1821-1971 ([Sydney]: Devonshire Press for St. Mary's Cathedral, 1971), 161's_Cathedral_Choir,_Sydney

Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, 37, 371


Bellman, town crier

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1840s


"Parramatta Police Intelligence. MONDAY. WATCH MOVEMENTS", The Star and Working Man's Guardian (13 July 1844), 3 

. . . About three months since the house of Walton, the bellman, was broken into and robbed of a watch. Walton being by his office, town crier, it was a matter of no great wonder, that he proclaimed his loss far and wide . . .

WALTON, Thomas


Active Geelong, VIC, 1850s


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1852), 1

"THE ST. PAUL'S TEA MEETING. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (2 June 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 3

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1856), 2

WANGENHEIM, Gustavus (Gustav; Augustus; Gus WANGENHEIM)

Publican, musical venue proprietor (Masonic Hall hotel and saloon), ? amateur musician/vocalist

Born Hannover, Germany, c. 1826
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Married Elizabeth SIMMONS (1834-1925), Sydney, 31 January 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Born Sydney, NSW, 12 March 1858; daughter of Gustavus WANGENHEIM and Elizabeth SIMMONS
Died Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1921 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1854), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August1854), 1 

MASONIC HALL HOTEL. TONIGHT and every night, MUSICAL SOIREES - Glees, Comic Songs, Ballads, &c. . . . G. WANGENHEIM AND CO.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 February 1855), 8 

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1858), 1

"THE OPERA", Freeman's Journal (22 May 1875), 12

The large attendance at the Victoria Theatre on Saturday night showed that Signor Baldassari's humorous presentation of Crispino, in Celli's opera buffo, "Crispino e la Comara," had not been forgotten. But for the Sydney public there was double attraction in the first appearance on the stage of a new Australian singer, a native of Sydney, Miss Emma Wangenheim, who appeared in this opera in the vole of Annetta. Miss Wangenheim received a rapturous reception, and sustained her part very creditably. Her acting was spirited and graceful, and her singing was on the whole satisfactory. Miss Wangenheim's voice is sweet rather than of great compass, but perhaps the nervousness incident to a first appearance robbed it of its full power. During the performance a number of rich bouquets were offered as a tribute to this talented debutante.


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1921), 10

CARROLL.-January 4, at St Vincent's private hospital, Emma Carroll (Wangenheim), dearly loved daughter of the late Gustavus Wangenheim, and Mrs. Eliz. Wangenheim, of 203 Victoria-street, North Darlinghurst, and Katoomba.

Bibliography and resources:

Mick Roberts, "Green Park Hotel, Darlinghurst", Time gents (Australian pub project), posted 10 July 2017 

WANLESS, Charles

"Blind" musician. street organ player, ? street musician

Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 February 1864, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Argus (15 February 1864), 5

An inquest was held on Saturday by the city coroner, at the morgue, upon the body of the blind man Wanless, who was found drowned on last Wednesday morning, in the basin near the gas-works. The man, William Bates, also blind, who was a mate to the deceased some time prior to his death, was present at the inquiry, in custody of the police. The following is the evidence adduced: -

James S. Greig, clerk at the Immigrants' Home, identified the deceased. His name was Charles Wanless, and he was aged thirty-six years. He was a single man, and had been in the colony about ten years. He had been for some time an inmate of the home, which he left on the 3rd inst . . .

Harcourt Lee, assistant to Mr. Glen, music-seller, Swanston-street, deposed to having seen the deceased at the shop on Saturday, the 6th inst., in company with Bates. Wanless bought an organ piano, paying £10 for it. He was to have called into the shop for the instrument on Monday or Tuesday, but never returned. He paid in ten £1-notes, taking the money from his own pocket. Witness had not seen Bates since, but had heard of his calling at the shop on Thursday last . . .

"MYSTERIOUS DROWNING", The Age (15 February 1864), 5 

"THE ADJOURNED INQUEST AT THE MORGUE", The Argus (17 February 1864), 7 

. . . Wanless asking about a street organ, witness recommended him to go to Glen's. Wanless spoke something about buying an instrument for his mate. Wanless returned afterwards, and said he had bought an organ at Glen's . . .

Other references:

Michael T. Bass, Street music in the metropolis, correspondence and observations on the existing law, and proposed amendments (London: John Murray, 1864) 

WARD, Emma

Contralto vocalist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1859-60


"PROVINCIAL. ARARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (6 August 1859), 2 

On Monday last, at the Bull and Mouth Concert Hall, Thatcher made his last appearance on the occasion of his benefit. During the week Miss Chalker, Miss Emma Ward, Mr. Dan. Golding, and Professor Risley and Son have been the order of the evening. At the Shamrock the San Francisco Minstrels are engaged.

[Advertisement], The Star (12 September 1859), 3

"CRITERION CONCERT HALL", The Star (19 September 1859), 3

Miss Chalker and Miss Ward - the former a soprano and the latter a contralto voice - and artistes not unknown to fame, and as professionals rank high in public estimation.

"News and Notes", The Star (26 September 1859), 2 

On Saturday night the Criterion, under the judicious management of Mr Owen, was again well filled by a numerous audience. The programme was varied and attractive, and if we are to judge from the plaudits of the audience, Miss Chalker and Mr Hackett are decidedly popular favorites. Indeed, the flattering enthusiasm which greets the company generally is the best proof of the estimation in which they are held by the public. As professionals Miss Chalker and Mr. Hackett evince much feeling and considerable pathos. Miss Ward is in excellent voice, and her style and finish bespeak careful study. Dan Golding is a genuine son of Momus. Versatility of character is his fate and he is never so happy as when making others so. The songs and glees were admirably rendered, and an evening may be spent very pleasantly at the Criterion.

[Advertisement], The Star (24 November 1860), 3 

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (6 March 1907), 3 

"MISS ADA WARD. THE STAGE AND THE 'ARMY', A Romantic History", NZ Truth (11 May 1907), 7

The Australian stage has been favored with the presence of no less than four prominent performers of the name of Ward - the first Miss Emma Ward, a singer who appeared early in the fifties and brought with her a reputation from the music-halls, and who succeeded fairly well in a like capacity in Victoria when music halls flourished in Melbourne and the chief inland towns, and money was plentiful and nuggets as common as "coppers" are to-day. Then there was Miss Kate Warde, a captivating actress . . .

WARD, Henry

Bass vocalist, member of Sydney Owl Club

Active Sydney, NSW, c.1881-85; pupil of Antonio GIAMMONA


? [Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

HENRY WARD (Vocal), Moor-st., Fitzroy. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1884), 2

"Owls' Hyginx", Australian Town and Country Journal (1 November 1884), 30

THE complimentary entertainment tendered to the president, Mr. J. Caddy, on the 23rd, by the Owls, was attended by over 200 persons who listened to a good concert, in which the most noticeable items were a couple of charming ballads very charmingly sung by Mr. B. Foot; "Sunshine and Rain," by Caddy; Mr. Hinchy's "Angel at the Window," H allewell's "Simon the Cellarer" (for which he was encored, and delighted everyone with a wicked "Old Bo'sn's Story"), and Mr. Ward's "Monarch of the Woods."

"Musical Matters", The Telegraph (15 March 1893), 7

Though always spoken of as an Australian, the promising basso cantante singer, Henry Ward, is really homebred (remarks a London correspondent). It was, however, in Sydney that Mr. Ward, after taking lessons from Giammona, first came to the fore. Giammona sent him home, and he finished his course under Randegger and William Shakespeare.

WARD, Seth Frank

Choirmaster, organist, school master (Christ Church)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 7 March 1894, in his ? 69th year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1862), 2

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1863), 2

? [Advertising], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 1

"CHRIST CHURCH MUSICAL AND LITERARY INSTITUTE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1866), 5

[Advertising], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1868), 1

"ST. JOHN'S, BISHOPTHORPE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1868), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1894), 1

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS AND RECTORY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1905), 3


Bass vocalist, pianist

Active Australia, 1881-82


"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (1 March 1881), 2

THE well-known Lynch Family of bellringers, instrumentalists and vocalists, and their English Specialty Combination, comprising Mr. Charles Lyndhurst, the greatest living ventriloquist, Mr. Alfred Santley, baritone and comique; Mr. Frank Harcourt, lightning change artist; Mr. James Warde, basso; and Professor Alfred Statham - in all twelve artists - left Melbourne on the 28th proximo, on a lengthy overland tour to Brisbane, proceeding from there to Java and the East. Full particulars of their visit to this district will shortly appear in our advertising columns.

[News], The Riverine Grazier (26 March 1881), 2

The Bellringers. These celebrated musicians arrived in Hay on Thursday afternoon, and made their first appearance the same evening at the Masonic Hall. They justified all their great fame by their marvellous performances, and assisted by Mr. Lyndhurst the extraordinary ventriloquist, Mr. Santley, baritone; Mr. Ward, basso; and Professor Statham, pianist, gave an entertainment we could not have expected in this thinly peopled part of the colony . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 April 1882), 1

WARDE, Kate (Mrs. James H. VINSON)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1852
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 20 June 1872, aged 35 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Kate Warde first appeared at the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney in October 1852. She appeared in Melbourne with Octavia Hamilton as Astley's Amphitheatre in October and November 1854. In July 1856 at Andrew Torning's newly renamed English Opera House (Prince of Wales Theatre), she sang Blockley's Hearts and homes and Barker's I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie in a concert, and also appeared as Lisa in La sonnambula.

The actor Kate Vinson was her daughter.


"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (7 July 1856), 1

ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE (late Prince of Wales Theatre). - Under the direction and management of Mr. A. Torning. - GRAND HOLIDAY FESTIVAL! In celebration of Peace. THIS DAY, (Monday) EVENING, 7th July. PROGRAMME - PART 1ST . . . Song - "Hearts and Homes," Blockley - Miss Kate Warde . . . PART SECOND . . . Song - "I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie," Barker - Miss Kate Warde . . .

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1856), 2

Last evening this spacious building, better known as the Prince of Wales Theatre threw open its doors for the first time since its change of name. The entertainments were wholly musical, consisting of a concert, the programme of which was well selected and attractive. The vocalists were Miss Flora Harris, Madame Cramer, Miss Kate Warde, Mr. John Howson, and Mr. Steward. This evening the new company commence their operatic season with Bellini's opera of La Sonnambula. Mr. Walter Sherwin is the first tenor, Miss Julia Harland sustains the role of Amina, the Count Rodolpho is Mr. Farquharson, and the port of Liza is entrusted to Miss Warde. Mrs. Gibbs and Mr. Fisher are also included in the cast.

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE. LA SONNAMBULA", Empire (14 July 1856), 5

. . . Miss Warde played Lisa in a very charming and natural manner, and is deserving of commendation for her painstaking endeavour to make the most of the character . . .

"THE DRAMA. ROYAL VICTORIA", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 January 1857), 2

Thin houses and meagre "benefits" constitute the summary of the week. Mrs. Guerin's "benefit" on Monday, and Miss Kate Warde's on Thursday, were exceedingly equivocal tributes to the acknowledged talents of those ladies, and can only be attributed to the pressure of the times which enforces the relinquishment of luxuries on the part of the bees of the public hive.

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1869), 2 

. . . Miss Kate Warde sang a new song, composed for her by the gentleman who has localised "Ixion," called "Up in the ball-room," and ephemeral as the subject is, this lady sang the song in a manner which sent the audience into extasies. In the refrain of this song the best notes of Miss Warde's very pleasing voice were heard to the greatest advantage; an enthusiastic encore took place . . .

"MISS KATE WARDE AT THE TOWN HALL", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 April 1870), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1872), 4

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (21 June 1872), 2 

Yesterday morning Mrs. James Vinson, better known in theatrical circles as Kate Warde, breathed her last. The deceased lady will be remembered best as a member of the Fanny Young quartette, consisting of James Vinson, G. W. Daniels, Fanny Young, and Kate Warde. Both the ladies were married in Castlemaine, and as far as we know the only survivor now left is Mr. James Vinson, who at last advices was in San Francisco. It is no secret that he deserted his late wife in a shameless manner. The lady was thirty-five years of age, and was always of a delicate constitution. She will be also recollected as playing in Melbourne a leading part in one of Mr. Akhurst's burlesques at the Royal when Mr. Lyster had that establishment for a Christmas season. She was of moderate size, had very pleasing features, and was, fifteen years ago, one of the prettiest actresses Australia has ever seen. Disease and grief however did their work. Mrs. Vinson lost her children at Sandhurst years since. She afterwards was forsaken by her husband. Always of a consumptive temperament, the deceased lady seemed to give way after this so rapidly as to give her friends alarm, and her death at so early an age, although deeply regretted, has been fully expected. As a burlesque actress of the refined school, we have had no rival to Miss Warde in the colony; and those who have seen her play in comedy will remember with the utmost delight her impersonation of such characters as Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing. Her private character was estimable. Kate Warde will, for her virtues, be long remembered by a host of friends.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (22 June 1872), 8

"MISS KATE VINSON'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (28 August 1878), 3

"MISS ADA WARD. THE STAGE AND THE 'ARMY', A Romantic History", NZ Truth (11 May 1907), 7

WARDEN, Mr. (perhaps James WARDEN, below)

Violin maker

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1853) 8

MUSIC - On Sale, a splendid toned Musical Box, eight airs, at Warden's, violin maker, 100, Little Bourke-street, east. Accordeons, &c. tuned and repaired.


Violinist, violoncellist, Scotch vocalist, composer

Born Fifeshire, c.1805
Arrived Australia, June 1853 (per Rhoderick Dhu)
Active Bendigo, VIC, 1854
Died Bendigo, VIC, 16 August 1870, aged 65 ("father of Miss Geraldine Warden")


"BENDIGO . . .OUR LOCAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (18 September 1854), 5

. . . The musical composition I have already noticed, but I may state that the Schottische is composed by Mr. Warden . . .

"BENDIGO", Colonial Times (21 September 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1856), 1

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (12 July 1858), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (17 September 1859), 3

"THE SANDHURST ATHENAEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (21 September 1859), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 October 1859), 1

"MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (11 October 1867), 2

"DEATHS", Bendigo Advertiser (17 August 1870), 2

WARDEN, Geraldine

Soprano vocalist

Born 1848
Arrived Australia, June 1853 (per Rhoderick Dhu)
Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1859; Melbourne, by 1863
Departed Sydney, NSW, August 1868 (per Alexander Duthie, for San Francisco, with Lyster's opera company)


"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 March 1863), 8

"LYSTER'S OPERA COMPANY. DEBUT OF MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (23 November 1867), 2

The Age reporter thus notices the debut of this promising artiste:- "The special attraction of the evening was the first appearance of a young lady, Miss Warden, well and favorably known in the colonies as a concert singer, but who has only recently been inducted in the mysteries of opera. Miss Warden is a very young lady, who made her first appearance on any stage at an amateur concert in Sandhurst, some six years ago. She received a sound rudimentary musical education from Mr. Otto Linden, then a professor of music in that township. In company with her sister and father, she shortly after made a tour of the principal goldfields, giving concerts in each. The proficiency she showed for her art then was remarked by all who knew her; and as she was a most ardent and indefatigable student, and had, though little more than twelve years of age, a remarkably good voice, there were not a few who predicted for her a brilliant career. When about fourteen, Miss Warden appeared at the Lyceum Theatre, Sandhurst, in a burlesque part, in which she achieved some success as a vocalist, but she did not then show any capacity as an actress, and, after playing a few nights, retired. After spending some time at home, Miss Warden resolved on adopting music as a profession, and accordingly look several engagements in the provinces. Mr. Harvey, of the Christy Minstrels, was the first manager who discovered Miss Warden's great talent, and he engaged her to travel with his company. This she did, and it was under that gentleman's auspices that she was established as a permanent favorite in Melbourne. Here she was not content to remain a mere concert singer. Placing herself under the direction of Signor Castelli she resumed her studies with a determination to conquer the disabilities which had rendered her first appearance on the dramatic stage a failure. Her aim was opera, and that alone. She had some difficulty in obtaining an appearance, but at last Mr. Lyster consented to engage her for his last Adelaide season. There she made her debut as Amina in "La Sonnambula", and was immediately taken into public favor. Her second part was the one she sustained last evening - the Princess Isabella; and in this her success was even more decided . . . Her voice is a high soprano, particularly powerful in the upper notes, and in the lower clear and bell-like.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 143, 145-47, 152, 237, 252


Bandsman (Band of the 14th Regiment), cornet and saxe-horn player, bandmaster

Born Brighton, Sussex, 1828
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c.1867 (with regiment from New Zealand)
Died Richmond, Melbourne, VIC, 25 January 1896, aged 67 years 11 months (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 14th Regiment


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1969), 8

[Advertisement], Alexandra and Yea Standard (27 February 1885), 4

[News], The Argus (12 February 1890), 7

"DEATHS", The Age (27 January 1896), 1 

WARNECKE - On the 25th January, at his late residence, No. 9 White-street, Richmond, Henry Warnecke, musician, the beloved husband of Margaret Sophia Warnecke, aged 67 year and 11 months. A patient sufferer gone to rest.

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Sergeant Henry Warnecke (Warnick) (c.1829-1896)", Australia's red coat regiments

WARREN, Alfred John

Piano tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. TUESDAY", Empire (2 July 1856), 4 

Alfred John Warren, a pianoforte tuner, was charged by constable Spooner with having been unlawfully on the premises of Mr. David Beard, hay and corn dealer, corner of Clarence and Market Streets. Mr. Beard said he had found the prisoner in a shed on his premises twice on Sunday night last; the second time, he gave him into custody, but let him go upon his assurance that he would not come there again; on Monday night, witness found him again in the shed asleep; he then gave him into custody. Sentenced to fourteen days' hard labour in gaol.

WASTELL, Rosa Emma (Miss Rosa BENNETT; Mrs. William WASTELL; Rosa E. WASTELL)

Soprano vocalist, composer

Born Albury, NSW, 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1927


"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (22 July 1927), 15 

Mrs. Wastell, a well-known composer and musician, whose death occurred in Sydney on Monday, had a large circle of friends in Adelaide. Her maiden name was Bennett, and she was born in New South Wales. She came to South Australia in 1883, and later married Mr. William Wastell. who for many years was in business in King William-street as a chemist. Mrs. Wastell was long connected with charities and the North Adelaide Baptist Church, and her work on their behalf gained her many friends. She was a talented musician and was a successful composer of ballads and songs, among her finest works being "Evening Shadows," a song which was awarded the first prize in an open competition inaugurated by Sir William Robinson (then Governor of the State). Mrs. Wastell was also awarded first prize in the Unley competitions several years ago for a beautiful song, entitled "Birds," which was sung by Mrs. J. B. Gard. Probably her best effort was "Memory," which had a large sale. She composed the words of her songs. Mrs. Wastell returned to Sydney five years ago.

Bibliography and resources:

"Wastell, Rosa Emma (1862-1927)", Obituaries Australia

WATERLAND, Blythe (alias of Henry BURTON)

WATERS, James (James WATERS)

Musician (late 4th Regiment of Foot, Band of the 4th Regiment)

Active ? Sydney, NSW, 1838

See also Band of the 4th Regiment


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", New South Wales Government Gazette (14 November 1838), 999

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Colonist (24 November 1838), 3

. . . James Waters, Musician, late 4th Foot . . .


Ophicleide player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . .Ophecleides - Messrs T. Martin, Waterstone; Bombardone - Mr. Blackie . . .

WATKINS, James (Rev. Mr.)

Choir director

Born 1794
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1835
Died 1869


Eyewitness Columbus Fitzpatrick recollected "the Rev. Mr. Watkins, who took charge of the choir" at St. Mary's, Sydney.



Bibliography and resources:

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

Other sources:

Watkins family papers, ca. 1810-1965, consisting of material related to a number of branches of the Watkins family that emigrated to Australia in the mid 1800s. Notable figures represented in the collection include James Watkins (1794-1869) a Catholic Priest who emigrated from London in 1835 . . .

WATSON, Master

Juvenile vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1859


"THE HANDEL FESTIVAL", Adelaide Observer (23 April 1859), 4 

On Thursday evening the "Messiah" was repeated before a large assembly at White's Room. Probably the audience exceeded 500 persons . . . It is not necessary again so particular the several solos and choruses, any farther than to remark that Miss Rowe sang with considerable taste, and with extreme accuracy the difficult chorus [sic], "Rejoice greatly," which was omitted on the former occasion, in consequence of a severe cold under which Madame Cranz was then suffering. Also, that the air, "How beautiful are the feet," was very well indeed rendered by Master Watson, one of the choristers, we believe, of St. John's Church . . .

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", The South Australian Advertiser (19 May 1859), 3 

. . . After several excellent addresses, the members of the Harmonic Society, who had kindly volunteered their services on the occasion, commenced the musical part of the entertainment with the fine chorus "O, Father," from Judas Maccabaeus, which they rendered very effectively, under the direction of Mr. Daniel. Herr Linger acted as leader on the occasion . . . Master .Watson, a boy of about twelve years of age, sung "How beautiful are the feet," a very difficult solo and recitative, with surprising accuracy and good taste. The song was loudly applauded and immediately encored . . .


Juvenile actor, dancer, vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1834


[Advertisement], Trumpeter General (30 May 1834), 2 


Professor of music

Active Bairnsdale, VIC, by 1893
Died, April 1917


[Advertisement], Bairnsdale Advertiser (3 August 1893), 2

Mr. C. W. L. WATSON, Professor of Music, Singing and Voice Production, &c., &c., (Late of the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind), WILL receive pupils at the Fire Brigade Hall. Mr Watson is especially qualified for instructing in the above, and holds testimonials from Mr. David Lee, Melbourne City Organist; Mr. A. J. Pallett, leading tenor at St. Paul's Cathedral, and from Mr. A. H. Whinfield, organist of Christ Church, Brunswick.

[News], Bairnsdale Advertiser (28 April 1917), 2

Mr. C. W. L. Watson, music teacher, Bairnsdale, died at the residence of his mother last Wednesday. He had been in failing health for sometime, and left Bairnsdale about a fortnight ago to go home in consequence of the serious illness of his brother, who died shortly afterwards. Mr. Watson's death will be deplored by everyone who knew him. Handicapped though he was by being sightless, he was a singularly well-informed man and a musician of more than average ability.

[News], Snowy River Mail (4 May 1917), 3

WATSON, Feltham Bold (Feltham Bold WATSON, senior; Mr. F. B. WATSON; Mr. WATSON)

Actor, vocalist, manager

Born Kensington, London, England, 23 May 1808; baptised St. Mary, Newington, Southwark, 26 June 1808, son of John WATSON and Angelina MARRIOTT
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1827 (sailor, per Countess of Harcourt)
Arrived VDL (TAS), May 1828
Married Mary WADE (1812-1861), Port Sorell, VDL (TAS), 5 January 1831
Died George Town, TAS, 9 January 1884, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms in June 1808, St. Mary Newington; London Metropolitan Archives 

Feltham Bold S. of John and Angelina Watson, born May 23 1808

"OBITUARY", Launceston Examiner (10 January 1884), 2 

Our George Town correspondent reports the death yesterday morning of a well-known resident, Mr. Feltham Bold Watson. Mr. Watson was an actor and manager in his earlier days, and first came to Launceston from Hobart. He rented and improved the old Lyceum Theatre, a wooden structure that stood on the ground fronting on Cameron-street, near the Bank of Tasmania, now occupied by Capt. S. Tulloch's new stores, and he introduced several good actors to the Launceston public. He afterwards had a good deal to do with the old Theatre Royal in St. John-street, and was the last landlord of the well-known London Tavern, which stood on the corner allotment opposite the Town Hall. He resided at Longford for a time, and some ten or twelve years ago removed to George Town, where he has since resided.

"CORRESPONDENCE. AN OLD TASMANIAN COLONIST. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Australasian (16 February 1884), 4 

WATSON, George

Pianoforte and organ tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-57


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1857), 8

PIANOFORTE, Organ, tuning and repairing. Mr. G. WATSON, from London, with twenty years' practical knowledge of the above, and the last two years and four months in the employ of W. J. Johnson, of Sydney, as tuner or repairer. He is now at liberty to undertake all orders conferred upon him, by addressing Mr. G. WATSON, post-office, Paddington. - N.B. Pianos, organs erected, removed, and all kinds of musical musical instruments tuned and repaired.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1857), 1

NOTICE. - In reference to the advertisement by GEORGE WATSON, notifying that he is now at liberty to undertake all orders in relation to organ and pianoforte tuning and repairing, I beg to state that the said George Watson is under an agreement to serve me as Pianoforte and Organ Tuner, &c, for the term of three years, which term will not expire until May next, and, consequently, I am still entitled to his services. He is now absent from my services without my sanction or authority; and all parties employing him will be accountable to me. W. J. JOHNSON, 57, Pitt-street, Sydney

WATSON, Robert (R. H. L. WATSON, R.A.M.)

Singing instructor, organist, composer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1870; Sydney, NSW, 1872-73


At a grand concert for the Queen's Birthday in Bendigo in May 1870, Charles Horsley conducted a New Mass composed by Watson.


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (31 January 1870), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1870), 1

"REPETITION OF MR. WATSON'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 June 1870), 2

"GRAND SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (7 July 1870), 2

"ORGANIST OF ST. FRANCIS' CATHEDRAL", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1871), 2

"MUSICAL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1871), 2

"ACCIDENT TO MR. R. H. L. WATSON", Bendigo Advertiser (20 July 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1872), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1872), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1872), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1873), 1

"MELBOURNE", Empire (22 November 1873), 2

Musical works:

Mass in C [Bendigo, 1870]

My silent grief ("that favourite song") (Sydney: L. Moss, [1872]) 

Put me in my little bed ("Pianoforte transcription of the popular song") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1872])

Naida: grand galop de concert ("dedicated to . . . Lady Robinson") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1872]) 

Let there be light (words: Mrs. E. B. Parnell; "composed especially for Andrew Fairfax") (Sydney: J. Reading, [1873]) 

My dream (song; "sung by Mr. H. Ackland") (Sydney: J. Reading, [1873])

Don't vex mama (words: Mrs. E. B. Parnell) (Sydney: Jas. Reading and Co., [? 1873] 

My favorite flower (New York: J. B. Harms, 1883) 

WATSON, William (Rev. W. WATSON)

Clergyman, missionary, Indigenous culture reporter, singing instructor

Born Yorkshire, c. 1793/94
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1 May 1832 (per Sir William Wallace, from London, via the Cape of Good Hope)
Active Wellington Valley, NSW, by late 1832
Died Apsley, NSW, 14 July 1866, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1866), 1 

On the 14th instant, at his residence, Blake's Fall, near Wellington, the Rev. WILLIAM WATSON, for many years Missionary to the Aborigines, in the 73rd year of his age.

"DEATH OF AN OLD COLONIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1866), 5 

The Rev. William Walton died on the 14th of July, at his residence, Blake's Fall, near Wellington, agod 73 years. He was a native of Beverley, in Yorkshire, and, accompanied by Mrs. Watson, left England in the year 1832, having been appointed missionary to the aborigines by the Church of England Missionary Society. At the time of Mr. Watson's arrival here there was a large number of aborigines in this district [? Wellington Valley], and the services of a missionary were much needed amongst them. In the course of years their numbers materially decreased owing to deaths and removals; and in 1840 Mr. Watson resigned his office as missionary, being offered a chaplaincy by the late Bishop Broughton, which he accepted, and for seven years supported the remaining aborigines at his own private cost - supplying them with food, relieving their bodily ailments and ministering to their spiritual necessities, and the many happy deaths which have occurred amongst them at various times show that his labours were not in vain. Mr. and Mrs. Watson also imparted secular instruction to the young aborigines, and most of those who were under their care, and have attained to maturity, are able to read and write with ease. Mr. Watson was subsequently appointed to the Incumbency of Wellington, which office he resigned about eight years ago, but, until his health entirely failed, be held Divine service regularly and fulfilled his other sacred duties amongst the inhabitants of Wellington, Black Rock and Three Mile Flat. He felt the greatest pleasure in rendering assistance to his fellow creatures, and, being always ready and willing, even at the cost of much personal inconvenience, to visit the sick, the afflicted and the dying, was loved and respected as a father and a friend. All classes and all creeds united in showing respect for Mr. Watson's memory, by attending upon the mournful occasion of his burial, the whole of the male population, with but few exceptions, and a large number of women and children following in vehicles, on horseback, and on foot. It is a noteworthy fact that Mr. Watson's mortal remains now lie close to the spot where he first commenced his spiritual labours thirty-four years ago - Communicated.

"DEATH OF AN OLD COLONIST", Empire (27 July 1866), 5 

[As above, but also with . . .] . . . Mr. Watson' set himself diligently to work to acquire the language of the aborigines, in which he soon became fluent; but in the course of years their numbers materially decreased . . . Bathurst Free Press.

"The Old or Pioneer Cemetery at Wellington", Wellington Times (26 February 1951), 2 

. . . We know that the Rev. William Watson and his wife are buried adjacent to the head stone of Rev. Garvin, but no trace remains. William Watson died 14/7/1866, at Apsley, aged 73 years. He came from Yorkshire and had spent 34 years in the colony, being officially in charge of the Church at Wellington Valley, 1832-1857, and then living in retirement.

WATTS, James

Violinist, teacher of music and dancing, entrepreneur, band leader

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854-56
Asctive Melbourne, VIC, 1857-68


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (11 October 1854), 1 

THIS EVENING. GRAND EVENING CONCERT. MISS PETTMAN and MR W. CHAPMAN beg to inform their friends and the public generally, that they will give a GRAND CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music on the evening of WEDNESDAY, OCT. 11th, 1854, at the PANTHEON, King William-street, for which occasion MR. P. LEF. has kindly offered his services, as also the following well-known talent: -
Miss Chalker, Miss Pettman, and Mr. Marshall (being his first appearance.)
1st Violins - Mr. P. Lee and Mr. Chapman
2nd Ditto - Mr. Wm. Cobbin, jun., Mr. Watts and Mr. Mark Thayer, who has also kindly offered his services.
Viola - Mr. W. Cobbin, sen.
Vioiincellos - Mr. J. R. Smith and Mr Swiff [? Swift]
Contra Bass - Mr. Betteridge.
Cotnet-a-Piston - Mr. McCullagh.
Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips.
Oboe - Mr. Sumsion.
Pianists - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger.
PROGRAMME . . . PART 2 . . .
3. Quartette, Slow Movement, Messrs Chapman, Watts, W. Cobbin, Sen., and J. R. Smith - Haydn . . .

"ANCIENT ORDER OF FORESTERS", South Australian Register (29 June 1855), 3 

. . . Mr. Watts during the evening played a solo on the violin, which was received with great applause. The company separated shortly before 12 o'clock.

"THE PANTHEON", South Australian Register (30 June 1855), 3 

.This commodious building has been taken by Mr. J. Watts, teacher of music and dancing, with a view to the formation of quadrille parties and private subscription balls.

"FANCY DRESS BALL", Adelaide Times (16 January 1856), 2 

"PORT THEATRE", Adelaide Times (13 May 1856), 3 

Mr. Watts has made arrangements to give another concert at the above place of entertainment to-morrow evening, and from the want of some amusement at the Port, there is no doubt that if a good programme is offered, he will meet that patronage which he deserves from the Portonians for his endeavours to cater for their amusement.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1857), 8

COLLINGWOOD ASSEMBLY HALL, Gertrude-street- Mr. J. WATTS'S QUADRILLE ASSLMBLY this evening, commences at eight.

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1858), 8


Amateur musician, bandsman, clarionet player

Born Belfast, Ireland, 27 October 1832
Arrived Melourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 27 April 1839 (per Garrow)
Died VIC, 18 July 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WAUGH, James

Amateur musician, bandsman, trombone player

Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1840s


An amateur musician as a boy, and later in life an amateur historian, John Waugh was a principal source of information about community music in Melbourne during the 1840s. In the 1880s, Garryowen (Finn) based his published account on information supplied by Waugh, which Waugh's own later manuscript (1909) amends and corrects. In the late 1840, Waugh himself, and his brother James, both played in John Tickell's band.


"PIONEERS' ASSOCIATION", The Argus (7 December 1910), 4

The monthly meeting of the Early Pioneers' Association was held at the Thistle Cafe last evening, Mr. Thomas Lang presided. The Rev. Duncan Fraser told some interesting stories of 50 years ago. Mr. John Waugh, of St. Kilda, gave startling reminiscences of what he witnessed 70 years ago in Melbourne . . .

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (20 July 1916), 5 

One of Victoria's oldest citizens, Mr. John Waugh, died at his residence, Westbury-street, St. Kilda, on Tuesday. Mr. Waugh was in his 84th year, having been born in Belfast, Ireland, on 27th October, 1832. He was only seven years of age when he arrived at Melbourne in May, 1839, on the barque Garrow, in command of Captain Henderson. About twelve years later the gold rush occurred, and Mr. Waugh, who was in business as a produce merchant, participated in the excitement and prosperity of the period. He was full of reminiscences of the early days, and was regarded as an authority on the history of the Presbyterian Church in Victoria, of which he was a pioneer. Mr. Waugh has left a widow and family of two daughters and four sons, one of whom is at the front.


"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 1, 487, 489

"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 2, 575, 982 (DIGITISED)

. . . Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne . . . land was purchased in Russell Street . . . and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall . . . The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony. They were the first to introduce saxe-horns here. They formed a quartette, consisting of P. Hore, first horn; J. Hore, second; S. Hore, tenor; and R. Hore, Senr., bass. (539) . . . In the olden times the annual reaces on the metropolitan course took place in the month of March . . . the steamer 'Aphrasia', which traded to Geelong, was laid on for the racecourse direct; and, as the Town Band was announced to play on board, this was an additional attraction to lovers of music . . . Casting off her moorings, she steamed down the Yarra, and with Tickell's band playing in fine style, "In Days when we went Gypsying, a long time ago" . . . the band playing dance and other music to the satisfaction of the passengers. We were landed on the east bank of the river, on the site selected as the racecourse . . . The band, transferred from the steamer, was perched on a platform erected in one of the booths - a capital draw - for there was sure to be there a constant through changing crowd to listen to the music . . . On the return trip the 'Aphrasia' was crowded with passengers, the band giving them 'The Lass of Richmond Hill', 'The Light of Other Days is Faded', 'The Sea', 'Rory O'More', and other tunes in favour with the public then (981-82) . . .

Personal Reminiscences of John Waugh, Gentleman, 44 Robe Street, St Kilda (1909); Royal Historical Society of Victoria, MS 000091 

. . . The first band in Melbourne was called Tickell's band from the bandmaster who was a talented musician it consisted of I. Tickell and W. Griffiths, key bugles, N. Picknell, and another player clarinets, I. Drane piccolo, I. Hulley flute, G. Milstead, and I. Oliver trombones, N. Anderson (known as Black Bill) base drum, I. Hamilton small drum and S. Marsh triangle player . . . They made their first appearances Christmas morning 1839, and marching up Bourke Street made their way to Lonsdale Street between William & King Streets, which was the fashionable quarter . . . the band then proceeded to the Ship Inn in Flinders Lane, whose landlord was named Jack Lee wound up their proceedings by playing the old English glee, "Dame Durden", they had previously played many popular airs as the "Sea", "the Lass of Richmond Hill," "Rory O'More," "Copenhagen Waltz" and "Hokey Pokey" and "British Grenadiers" -"My Boat is on Shore," "Such a getting up stairs". This band was much in requisites for public dinners, regattas, races and the bandmaster was often engaged to play his key bugle, at many of the numerous land sales . . .

. . .The Russell Street Temperance band was organised in 1847. M. Tickell was the first bandmaster and the band consisted at first of I. Tickell and W. Morris key bugles, G. Milne and R Heales afterwards premier trombones, R. Knox ophiecleide, A. Meiklejohn trumpet, Ian Knox, W. Weaver, W. Skinner & other clarinets, T. Croft and W. Lacy french horns, N. Stoneham piccolo, J. Woods flute J. Morris flute S. Porlett base drum, I. Gascoyne small drum, I. Marsh triangle and afterwards the Hore family the first sax horns seen in the Colony joined the band P Hore being bandmaster, T. Hore trombardier P. Hore & R. Hore cornets, S. Hore flathorn, Jas. Waugh trombone, and John Waugh clarinet. A public meeting usually took place in the Temperance Hall Russell Street, and the band would usually meet at the corner of Collins and Elizabeth Streets, to draw a crowd to the meeting, then use a popular lady lecturer on temperance in those days, Mrs. Dalgarno, the wife of Capt. Dalgarno of the barque "Loch-na-Garr", who when the vessel was in port, spoke every Tuesday evening, amid much applause. When the diggings opened up at Ballarat in 1851 and nearly all the men in Town went off there, the band was disbanded and never was reorganised, the instruments lay for many years in a cupboards in the Temperance Hall and were at last sold for old brass although they had cost £120 when bought from England. I have already given almost a similar account of this band to Garryowen at his request.

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian historical magazine 15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, 13-14

In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. [John] Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill.

Bibliography and resources:

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian Historical Magazine15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, esp. 14

. . . In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill.

Associations: George TICKELL, and/or John TICKELL


Bandsman (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Australia and NZ, c.1860

See also Band of the 40th Regiment, second tour


"A CASE OF DISTRESS. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (9 October 1860), 6 

Sir, - A most distressing scene was witnessed in the burial-ground on Saturday last. About 4 o'clock p.m., an ordinary cart, followed by two females, was seen wending its way to the gates of the Cemetery. The sight of this humble cortege induced me to stay and ascertain the contents of the vehicle. I soon saw that it contained two small coffins; and, from the intense grief depicted on the countenance of one of those two females, I conjectured that the bodies of the two children contained therein belonged to that poor woman . . . From inquiries, I ascertained that the mourner's name was Weaver. Her husband belongs to the band of the 40th Regiment, now in New Zealand . . .


WEAVERS, Masters (Charles and George)

Boy vocalists

WEAVERS, Master C. (? Charles)

Boy vocalist

? Born Sydney, NSW, 1827

Active Sydney, NSW, 1839-42


Most likely the two youngest sons of Charles Weavers, convict (life, per Fame, 1817), a wheelwright and coachbuilder, and his wife Elizabeth Tuckwell, Charles (born Sydney, NSW, 1827) and George (born Sydney or Parramatta, NSW, 1830). Charles Weavers junior was insolvent in 1849, and there is no record of either father or sons in Sydney after 1850.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (1 November 1839), 4

SOIREE. MR. DEANE begs to inform the Gentry and Public that his SOIREE of Vocal and Instrumental Music will take place at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on Tuesday Evening next, Nov. 5, 1839 . . . []art 2] . . . 4. Glee - Master Weavers, Master E. Deane, and Mr. Deane . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (12 November 1839), 3

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE begs to inform the Gentry and Public that his of Vocal and Instrumental Music will take place at the Mechanics' School of Arts, THIS EVENING, TUESDAY Nov. 12, 1839. PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 6. Glee - Master Weavers, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (29 November 1839), 4

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE, begs to inform the Gentry and Public that his Weekly Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music take place at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on Tuesday Evening, Dec. 3, 1839 . . . PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 3. Glee - "Here in cool grot," Mornington - Master Weavers, Mr. Deane, Master E. Deane and Mr. Thomson . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (6 December 1839), 4

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on Tuesday Evening Next, Dec. 10, 1839 . . . PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 5. Song, "Fly away, pretty Moth" - Bayly - Master Weavers; 6. Song, "Air du Clair de lune" - Boildieu - Madame GAUTROT; 7. Glee, "Lightly tread" - Scotland - Master Weavers, Master E. Deane, and Mr. Deane . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 4

CHRISTMAS HOLIDAYS. CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1840 . . . PROGRAMME. PART 2ND . . . 3. Glee, "Canadian Boat Song" - Master Weavers, Mr. Deane, Mr. Thompson; 4. Air Varie, Violin, Mons. GAUTROT; 5. Song, "The Land" - Neukomm - Mr. Thompson; 6. Song, Master Weavers . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

ORATORIO. MR. NATHAN has the honor to announce that on Wednesday, June 30th, 1841, will be given, at St. Mary's Cathedral, a GRAND ORATORIO . . . Vocal Performers . . . Master Weavers . . .

"FUNERAL SERMON", The Sydney Herald (16 February 1841), 3

On Sunday last the Reverend Mr. Steel, at St. Peter's Church, Cook's River, delivered and excellent and pathetic address to his Congregation . . . on Mrs. [Cornelius] Prout, a lady highly esteemed, and suddenly taken from a lovely young family and an affectionate husband . . . The musical part of the service on this occasion was admirably conducted by Mr. Deane, "Vital Spark" was well performed and sung, the principal Vocalist was Master C. Weavers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 June 1841), 2 

. . . MR. NATHAN has the honor to announce that on WEDNESDAY, June 30th, 1841 will be given, at St. Mary's Cathedral, a GRAND ORATORIO . . . Vocal Performers . . . Master Leggatt, Master Weavers, Master Edward Allen, Master Tibbie and Master Reilly . . .

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1841), 2

. . . Some little misrepresentation too has been also used in the published advertisement in yesterday's Herald, as the names of parties who do not intend to sing there, and who, moreover, have never been even asked, are blazoned to the public as performers "to be about to be", at the approaching Oratorio - the name of Master C. Weavers is an instance . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

. . . MR. NATHAN, A GRAND SELECTION OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC . . . On FRIDAY Evening, 27th May, 1842 . . . SOPRANOS AND TREBLES . . . Master Allen, Master Richards, Master Riely, Masters Tuohy, Master Nathan, and the Masters Weavers . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1842), 1 

GRAND ORATORIO in aid of the funds of the Benevolent Society . . . THIS EVENING, the 31st of August, HANDEL'S GRAND ORATORIO of the MESSIAH PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. S. W. Wallace, Mrs. Curtis, Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Waller, Mr. Griffiths Mr. Allen, and Master Weavers . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1842), 2 

. . . Master Weavers sang very sweetly, but showed sad want of tuition in his pronunciation and division of syllables; this might soon be corrected, and would make him a valuable addition to our choir . . .



Active Campbelltown, NSW, 1844; Adelaide, SA, 1845


"CAMPBELL TOWN SCHOOL", Morning Chronicle (13 January 1844), 3

A prize was also awarded, by Mr. Webb, (who officiates as Organist to the Church), to Miss Sarah Warby, for her proficiency in the choir.

"THE CATHOLICS", South Australian Register (1 February 1845), 3

Mr. Webbe, who lately arrived in the Emma, from Sydney, was for some time organist of the Catholic Church, Campbelltown. He is to superintend the vocal and instrumental music of the Cathedral shortly to be erected in Adelaide.

WEBB, Peter


Active Sandy Creek, VIC, 1857


"A COLONIAL SMASHER", Bendigo Advertiser (4 July 1857), 3

Matthias Slingsby was charged with uttering base coin. A considerable time was spent in taking the evidence in this case, which was very voluminous. It appeared the prisoner was a gentleman at large, and when apprehended by Sergeant Ryall, close to Sandy Creek, his swag was found to contain the usual tools of the professional smasher. He had scattered his handy-work in all directions, and among his victims was Peter Webb, one of the musicians of the Bird-in-Hand Hotel. He indulged the prisoner's taste for music by performing certain favorite tunes, for which he was paid in counterfeit shillings.

WEBB, William

Musician, bandsman, Captain Piper's Band, ? convict

Died Kelso, NSW, May 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1833), 2 

. . . William Webb - I am a shoemaker by trade, and reside near Alloway Bank, the estate of Captain Piper, by whom I was occasionally employed as a musician; as a shoemaker I work for my own advantage; I know the prisoner at the bar; he is an assigned servant to Captain Piper; I remember the shoes now produced; I repaired them for the prisoner Grey . . .

"BATHURST. SUDDEN DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1847), 2 

On Sunday night, a man named Webb died rather suddenly at Kelso, in a small cottage near Mr. McCrea's. He had been unwell, having been afflicted with dropsy and consumption; on the previous day he was better than he had been for some time, and was in Bathurst to unship the previous day; during that night he became worse, and continued so until midnight on Sunday, when he expired. The deceased was a shoemaker by trade, had been a soldier, and for many years a member of Captain Piper's band.

WEBBER, Madame (? Annie; Anna M. WEBER; Mrs. George J. WEBER)

Teacher of the pianoforte, singing, and German

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 April 1854 (per Croesus, from Southampton, 11 January)


"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1854), 4 

April 19. - Croesus G.S.S.S. Company, 2550 tons, Captain J. V. Hall, from Southampton 11th January, Lisbon 24th January, Cape of Good Hope 10th March, and Melboure 16th instant. passengers - . . . Madam Weber 2 children and servant . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (22 April 1854), 7 

MADAME WEBBER, from London, begs to announce her intention of giving instruction on the Piano Forte, Singing, and the German Language. Particulars and terms may be obtained from Messrs. H. MARSH and CO., 490 1/2 George-street.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (24 June 1854), 10 

WEBER, MADAME, Teacher of the Piano Forte, Singing, and the German Language. Address care of H. Marsh and Co., 490 1/2, George-street.

? "BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1855), 8 

WEBER, Adelaide von (baroness von SCHLEISZ)


Born c.1817
Active NSW, by 1858
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 2 March 1901, in her 85th year


Wife of Adalbert Weber, superintendent of roads at Braidwood, from 1870. In July 1870, J. R. Clarke published her setting of Hail! glorious light of life (a morning hymn, composed and arranged for four voices by Madame Adelaide von Weber, the words by the Rev. W. B. Clarke, of the North Shore).


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1858), 1

On the 25th November, at Highgate, near Braidwood, Madame Weber, of a daughter.

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (26 July 1870), 3

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 September 1870), 21

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1901), 1

WEBER, Albert (John Frederick Albert WEBER)

Musician, professor of music, pianoforte maker and organ builder

Active Hobart, TAS, by mid 1857
Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1883 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"OPENING OF THE NEW ORGAN IN ST. DAVID'S CATHEDRAL", Colonial Times (28 July 1857), 3 

. . . The Organ which arrived per Heather Bell, was erected in the Cathedral by Mr. Weber, a German organ builder.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian Daily News (12 August 1857), 3 

ST. DAVID'S CATHEDRAL [accounts for new organ] . . .
Remittances to England in payment of Organ . . . 300 0 0
Premium on ditto . . . 6 10 0
Mr. Weber for building organ . . . 15 0 0

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (22 April 1858), 3

"THE TASMANIAN TIMBER. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (14 July 1863), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT. In re JOHN ALVAREZ", The Mercury (21 April 1864), 2

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (22 December 1866), 5

. . .Last to be mentioned, but not nearly least worth notice, is a vertical grand piano, a patent invention of its manufacturer, Mr. Albert Weber, of 77 Gertrude-street, Fitzroy, and late of Tasmania, he having made his first piano of colonial woods, at Hobart Town, so long ago as 1856. In his father's manufactory, at Hanover, he paid considerable attention to wood as a sound-producing agent; and this piano, the first he has manufactured here, is of colonial wood, even to the smallest part of the mechanism, his experience having taught him that seasoned colonial woods will endure the climate better than the imported article. Unlike other exhibitors, Mr. Weber has furnished visitors with the means of knowing what colonial woods he has used, and they are stringy bark, red mahogany (Eucalyptus rostrata), Huon pine, sassafras, cedar, red myrtle, and bark . . .

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (13 June 1867), 6

[News], The Argus (15 October 1873), 5

"Deaths", The Age (9 February 1883), 1 

"Marriages", The Argus (24 March 1883), 1

WEBER, Albert G. C.

Pianist, organist, choral conductor, teacher of music

Died Adelaide, SA, 22 November 1935, aged 76


"DEATHS", The Advertiser (25 November 1935), 14

"Death of Mr. Albert Weber", The Advertiser (2 December 1935), 17

Mr. Albert Weber, of Flinders Park, who was prominent in the early musical life of Adelaide, died at the age of 76 last week. He began, his musical career as a boy chorister in the German Church, Finders street, and later studied the organ and piano under Mr. I. G. Riemann, at the Adelaide College of Music, which was the forerunner of the Adelaide Conservatorium now under the control of the Adelaide University. Mr. Weber served as organist at many Adelaide churches. He first played at the German Church, and, after 15 years at St. Cuthbert's Church, Prospect, he was organist for All Souls' Church, St Peter', St. Theodore's Church, Rose Park and St. Luke's Church, Whitmore square. Mr. Weber was instrumental in raising the standard of singing in the choirs he controlled, and arranged many of the well-known oratorios to make them suitable for church choirs. For 30 years he was associated with Werthiems Ltd. In his position as head of the tuning and repair department, he became associated with many of the leading musicians who visited Adelaide, and with local professional musicians. Mr. Weber is survived by his widow, who was formerly Miss Sophie Berryman, a well-known Adelaide singer, six daughters, and two sons.

WEBER, Emil Rudolph (Emile)

Pianist, organist, vocalist (Melbourne Liedertafel), publican

Born ? Germany, 1827/28
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 August 1849 (per Wilhelmina Maria, from Hamburg)
Died Schwarzburg, Germany, 8 October 1892 (late of Melbourne and Sydney), aged 64


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (1 September 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

"ARRIVALS", Empire (25 September 1851), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (13 December 1851), 3

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Star (25 February 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (5 April 1864), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 April 1864), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (16 January 1865), 2

"Unsere Nachbar-Colonien. Wochenbericht aus Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (10 April 1867), 6-7

[News], The Argus (10 September 1868), 4

"Facts & Scraps", The Australasian Sketcher (18 April 1874), 14

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1875), 10

"Insolvency Court", Evening News (30 June 1882), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1892), 1

WEBER, Peter

Clarinet / clarionet player (Theatre Royal, H. Schrader's Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1869-90


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1869), 1

. . . Grand Aria - "Gratias Agimus Tibi" - (Guglielmi) - Madame Anna Bishop. Clarionette Obligate, Herr Weber.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (10 June 1870), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 May 1882), 1

Mr. PETER WEBER, Late Solo Clarionette, Theatre Royal, and principal Clarionette in the late H. Schrader's Band, purposes forming an AMATEUR BRASS AND REED BAND, also an INSTRUCTION CLASS for preparing Pupils desirous of joining the same.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 June 1882), 1

"POPULAR CONCERT IN THE TOWN HALL", The South Australian Advertiser (24 July 1882), 6

[News], Gippsland Times (23 May 1884), 3

"A CHARITY CONCERT", The Advertiser (23 August 1890), 6

WEBSTER, John Campbell

Musicseller, music publisher, piano maker

Born ? England, c. 1811
Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1862 (as "Wilkie, Webster and Co.")
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1869 (as "Wilkie, Webster, and Allan")
Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 20 January 1875, aged 64


[Advertisement], The Argus (29 August 1862), 8

The undersigned begs to intimate to his numerous customers and the public that he has this day ADMITTED Mr. J. C. WEBSTER as MANAGING PARTNER in the music business which has been carried on by himself for the last 12 years. Mr. Webster has had great experience in the business in England, having been for upwards of 20 years in the celebrated house of Messrs. John Broadwood and Sons, and will, by attention to business, endeavour to secure to himself that confidence which has so long been placed in the undersigned . . . JOSEPH WILKIE, I5 Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1869), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1870), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (21 February 1875), 1

[News], The Argus (27 January 1875), 1s

The death of Mr. J. C. Webster late of the firm of Wilkie Webster, and Allan in Collins street east makes another break in the chain connecting the present musical generation with the past. A period of nearly 40 years of service in the great London house of Broadwood and Sons brought him in contact with all the musical celebrities of the time whether of the French, German, Italian or English schools. A friend of Ries, the favourite pupil of Beethoven, he was also intimate in those circles wherein Smart and Stevenson were leaders. No man in this country was master of a greater fund of anecdote in connexion with the musical world of his day than the late Mr. Webster and his conversation amongst his intimates on such subjects was always full of interest and entertainment. He died at his place at Moonee Ponds on the 20th inst., aged 64 years.


John Broadwood and Sons (see Broadwood pianos in Australia), Ferdinand Ries, George Smart


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

WEHLE, Charles (Karl)

Pianist, composer

Born Prague, 17 March 1825
Arrived Melbourne, June 1870 (on the mail steamer Geelong from Europe)
Departed Sydney, 1 January 1871 (for New Zealand)
Died Paris, France, 3 June 1883

Charles Wehle, ? c.1860



Wehle came from a wealthy merchant family in Prague. He studied piano with Moscheles, and with Theodor Kullak in Berlin, before settling in Paris. From there he undertook a round the world tour for the piano maker Pleyel, spending approximately six months in Australia before sailing, via New Zealand, for San Francisco. At his last Sydney concert he was billed to give the Australian premiere of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op.37, with the opera orchestra, though in the event he played only one movement. Also of note is his letter of appreciation of Charles Horsley's Euterpe published in the Melbourne Argus in August 1870.


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1870), 8

"MR. C. WEHLE'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 August 1870), 2

"MONS. CHARLES WEHLE'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (31 August 1870), 3

"MR. HORSLEY'S CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (11 August 1870), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (3 October 1870), 1

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 October 1870), 21

Herr Charles Wehle, the pianist, has appeared at two concerts at the School of Arts (the third having been withdrawn), each of them being very thinly attended. An artist of great renown throughout the musical world of Europe, whom many heard in London and Paris in 1848, though only travelling through the colonies for health and pleasure, should certainly have made his first appearance here under more favourable auspices, and should have commanded the support of all musical connoisseurs. For a quarter of a century Herr Wehle's name has been in the foremost ranks of composers and executants. His fame is grounded more especially on his compositions than on his performances. He is a very brilliant player, his execution being full of fire and remarkably accurate. His touch is firm, perhaps not quite so delicate as to produce great contrast in light and shade; but in passages requiring vigour Herr Wehle's manipulation has not been excelled, if equalled by any artist whom we know in this country. The dirge-melody of Chopin's "Marche Funebre" lost effect by being taken in rather too quick time. In playing his own compositions Herr Wehle displays great animation; they are written in the best school of classical instruction, and are remarkably characteristic of their intended delineation. A "Marche Cosaque" is very original-quite Polish in style; the "Impromptu Styrienne", a "Canzonetta" (quite Bohémienne), and a drinking-song "Chant des Buveurs", very stirring and effective. In the latter case an encore could not be resisted; Mendelssohn's "Wedding March", was full of dashing brilliance . . ..

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 December 1870), 20

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 December 1870), 21

People can easily appreciate the beauty of a good thing in art without positively understanding it. There is something in the beauty of classical music which, if adequately rendered, will attract the senses though the mind may not compass its positive merits. No greater proof could be given of M. Wehle's merits as a pianist than the reception given to him at what may, in reality, be called his first appearance here at the benefit of Mr. Lascelles, at the opera, before a remarkably full house on Tuesday evening. The pianoforte usually makes but little effect in a large theatre where half its sound is lost amongst the wings and other openings of the stage, still less when accompanied by an orchestra, which, though assisting in a measure the solo instrument by combining the various harmonies, nevertheless frequently overpowers the vibrating strings. Even still less when classical music is played to a usually unsympathising audience; but it is a fact almost unparalleled in the history of music (quite so with regard to Australia) that a classical concerto by Beethoven - that in C minor - should not only have been encored, but with the most spontaneous warmth, and though, when we consider the state of music in this country, it must be acknowledged that the enthusiasm was due to the great merits of M. Wehle's execution; yet something must be placed to the account of the grandeur of the piece itself, and the capability of the audience to understand music of this description. The concert was by no means caviare to the multitude. Of course, in a miscellaneous performance like that of Tuesday, an entire concerto occupying usually over half an hour, would, to most people, have been wearying; the executant wisely confined himself, therefore, to one movement . . .

"ARRIVAL OF THE CITY OF MELBOURNE", Auckland Star (6 January 1871), 2

"NOTES", Folio [Boston] (April 1871), 81

M. Charles Wehle, pianist and composer has arrived in San Francisco, via Australia, from Paris.

"PIANOFORTES IN THE EXHIBITION.-VI.", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1880), 5

Some ten years since Pleyel sent an artist of exceptional skill (Charles Wehle) with some of his instruments on a tour through Australia, New Zealand, Honolulu, and America. In all places concerts were given, and the merits of the pianos made known in the most agreeable manner by a musician thoroughly capable of appreciating and interpreting them.

Bibliography and resources:

"Wehle, Karl", IMSLP,_Karl

"Charles Wehle", Wikipedia



WEICHMANN, Heinrick (? Henry; Heinrich)

Violinist, composer, ? bandmaster

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 9 May 1855 (per August, from Hamburg)

WEICHMANN, Master C. (or G.)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1865-66


The "Celebrated BAND" newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg, gave a Grand Concert at Adelaide's Hotel Europe on 18 May 1855, the program including three compositions by H. Weichmann, notably a march Sehnsucht nach Australien, a grand polonaise Remembrance, and The waves waltz. The Weichmann Family gave a musical entertainment at Adelaide's Hamburg Coffee-House a few days later. In Melbourne, in April 1865, Master C. Weichmann, aged 7, performed a violin solo at a meeting of the German Gymnastic Association, and the following year appeared in concert with Julius Herz. G. Weichmann, Junior, "the well-known violinist" was advertising in Nelson, NZ, in March 1867.


"SOIREE MUSICALE", Adelaide Times (15 May 1855), 3 

The German artistes (the Weichmann family), who arrived in the colony by the August, gave a soiree musicale last evening, at the Blenheim Hotel, which was exceedingly well and respectably attended. Every thing passed off admirably, and gave general satisfaction. The lovers of music will have another opportunity of enjoying the dulcet society of these delightful minstrels on Thursday evening.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1857), 3 

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 July 1857), 2

HEINRICK WEICHMANN, (Solo Violinist of Theatre Royal, Melbourne) BEGS to inform the public that he is always ready for Engagements of Musicians for Balls, &c. Address, Freemasons Arms, High-street, Beechworth.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 November 1857), 4

[News], The Argus (25 March 1862), 4

The causes heard yesterday in the County Court were of no public interest, with the exception of Weinmann [sic] v. Lauher and Wife, which disclosed a state of things which it is to be hoped is not usually met with. The plaintiff, a German purveyor of street music, in the year 1857 imported with him from his native land five young females, who were articled to him as apprentices, to learn from him, as best he could teach them, the art (frequently heard to perfection in Melbourne streets) of abusing the powers of instruments intended to be used for the production of musical sounds. The plaintiff and his youthful apprentices duly reached Melbourne, where their labours proved highly profitable to the plaintiff, until, as it appeared from the evidence, through his having established relations with the female defendant which were quite inconsistent with the sixth article of their agreement, "that he should be towards her a faithful protector," she was compelled for a time to seek shelter in the Lying-in Hospital. On leaving this asylum, she determined to leave the plaintiff's service, but he refused to allow her to take away her clothes or her banjo until she had signed an IOU (produced in court), purposing to be an acknowledgement for so much of her passage-money as was then, according to plaintiff's calculation, not repaid to him by her services to that date . . .

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (16 April 1862), 6

This insolvent was the German importer of singers and performers of street music, whose actions brought against two of the latter in the County Court excited some attention a few weeks since.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1862), 8

"THE GERMAN GYMASTIC ASSOCIATION", The Argus (18 April 1865), 5

The performance by Master C. Weichmann, a musician of the tender age of seven years, of a violin solo must not be overlooked. The piece selected for the display of the juvenile talent was a polonnaise by Mayseder, which was executed in a manner that showed, on the part of one so young, a surprising amount of musical knowledge.

[News], The Argus (3 July 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 July 1866), 8

[Advertisement], Nelson Evening Mail (27 March 1867), 3


Songwriter and composer, teacher of pianoforte and singing, organist

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 4 March 1858
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 August 1883 (per Sir Herbert Maxwell, from Port Natal, 23 July)
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 August 1942 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


He was son of German musician Frederick A. L. Weierter (b. Nassau, 1826) who arrived Scotland, c.1850, and Sarah Kay (b. Dundee, 1838). Weierter wrote songs for Williamson's Sydney Christmas pantomimes Little Red Riding Hood in 1899 (the patriotic song and chorus Children of the empire survives) and in 1900 for Australis; or, The city of Zero.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (30 August 1883), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 September 1883), 1

[Advertisement], Border Watch (31 October 1883), 4

"MARRIAGE", Gippsland Times (28 October 1887), 3

"Tasmanian International Exhibition", The Mercury (13 May 1895), 3

"NEW DANCE MUSIC" The Mercury (29 July 1899), 2

"PATRIOTIC MATINEE", Evening News (6 December 1899), 4

"AMUSEMENTS", Evening News (23 December 1899), 3

"STAGELAND", Evening News (15 December 1900), 8s

"DEATH OF MR. F. W. WEIRTER", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1942), 9

The death took place yesterday of Frederick William Weirter, until recently editor of "The Scottish Australian," who had had a varied and adventurous career as soldier, musician, and journalist. He was born in Edinburgh more than 80 years ago, where his father, a teacher of music, instructed him in the organ, the piano, and theory. He was studying medicine when, in consequence of a disagreement with his father, he enlisted in the British Army, and saw service with the Hussars in India and South Africa. He fought against the Zulus in 1878. Later he fought with the Boers in a native rebellion. He served with the Natal Carabineers against the Boers in the first Boer War, acting as galloper to Sir Evelyn Wood. In 1883 he came to Australia, arriving in Adelaide in a 220-ton barquentine. His first job was as a church organist at Mount Gambier, but a year later he moved to a similar job in Williamstown, Victoria. His next venture was with a dramatic company to Gippsland. Afterwards he accepted a post as church organist in Sale, where he married. In 1890 he joined the theatrical firm of Williamson and Musgrove as composer, and songs, choruses, ballets, and pantomimes from his pen became favourites of the day. With J. F. Sheridan he toured Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. In the Great War he became a drill instructor. But his later years led him to journalism. He was on the staff of "The Sydney Morning Herald" for some years.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1942), 14

Associations: With Leon Caron (co-composer) and Bernard Espinasse (librettist) on J. C. Williamson's Sydney Christmas pantomimes, Little Red Riding Hood (1899), and Australis; or, The city of Zero (1900)


Teacher of music and singing (pupil of Thalberg and Garcia), vocalist, pianist

Active Adelaide, SA, and Melbourne, VIC, 1866-67


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (22 November 1866), 1

"TOWN HALL, PORT ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (30 November 1866), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 December 1866), 1

"THE MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Argus (20 April 1867), 6

Madame Wienbarg, whose voice when untaxed by extraordinary exertion is musical and tolerably sonorous, sang the last bars of the recitative "And suddenly there was" nearly half a tone above the proper note, causing a thrill of agony to pervade the audience, and unmistakable indications of deprecation to proceed from them. In the soprano sequence to "He shall feed His flock" the vocalist recovered her lost ground, and the plaudits which followed testified to the favourable impression produced by her. She was less fortunate in her delivery of "I know that my Redeemer", which was again painfully sharp.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1867), 8


Musician, violinist

Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1860s
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 13 October 1912, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WEINRITTER, George Mitchell (Michelle; WEINRETTER)

Singing master, dancing master, composer

Born c. 1822
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Died St Kilda, VIC, 22 February 1873, aged 55 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Weinritter was a music master at the Model Schools in Victoria Parade, Melbourne by April 1856, teaching "English, French, Italian and German singing", when he also "presided at the pianoforte" at the meeting of the Collingwood Glee Club. He later lived and worked in Tasmania (1863-66), and briefly in country Victoria in Gippsland and at Beechworth. Weinritter was still teaching in St. Kilda in January 1873, the year of his death. His (?) widow, who had remarried the chemist and goldminer Mica Smith in 1875, died in 1884.


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 April 1856), 3

"COLLINGWOOD GLEE CLUB", The Argus (26 April 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 February 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1857), 1

[Review], The Journal of Australasia 3/11 (May 1857), 236

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (1 May 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1857), 7


Five original melodies composed by Mr. Weinritter for the use of the pupils in the various national schools are published in the first number of the above named musical serial, a work which will be of considerable service to singing masters. The words are well chosen, and their selection is creditable to the taste of Messrs. Bonwick and Weinritter, by whom most of the melodies of the first part have been composed.

[Advertisement]: "NEW SONG", The Argus (29 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1858), 8

"Victoria", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1859), 5

"MARRIED", The Argus (11 June 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Mercury (19 August 1863), 1 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (30 June 1864), 1 

[News], Gippsland Times (28 February 1867), 2 

"BEECHWORTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 July 1867), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1873), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 March 1873), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1884), 1

"MARRIED", The Argus (14 March 1896), 1

Musical works:

Kangaroo hunt polka (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie; Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) 

The Pic-Nic Point schottische(Melbourne: For the author by Joseph Wilkie, [1857]) 

The Yarra-Yarra waltzes ([Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1857])


The Melbourne varsovienne (Melbourne: Published for the Author by Joseph Wilkie, [? 1857/58]) 

Rose of England, fare thee well (song dedicated to His Excellency the Governor; sung by Octavia Hamilton; "composed on the occasion of the Princess Royal's marriage") ([Melbourne, Joseph Wilkie, 1858])


Thirty-three easy songs in two or more parts (principally original) compiled for the use of the Australian youth by G.M. Weinritter and W. Bonwick (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858) 

An original hymn in Honour of the 99th Anniversary of the birth of Humboldt (words: Dr. Migeod; for the Victorian Liedertafel) [September 1859]

Bibliography and resources:

"LIST of Persons qualified to impart Instruction in Singing", Education: report of the Minister of Public Instruction for the year 1880-81 (Melbourne: Victorian Department of public Instruction, 1881), 182 

J. Alex. Allan, The old model school: its history and romance (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1934)


See also Pollard family of musicians

WEIPPERT, Albert Francis

Musician, pianist, piano tuner

Born London, March 1842
Active Launceston, by 1865



Born London, c. 1850
? Arrived
Active VIC, by 1867
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 July 1939, aged 89 years and 10 months

WEIPPERT, Mary Eleanor = Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [1]

WEIPPERT, Corunna Elizabeth = Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [2]


The father of all the above was John Michael WEIPPERT (1775/6-1831), a harpist, was a younger brother of the more famous composer and bandmaster John Erhradt WEIPPERT (1766-1823); their mother, Corunna Gootch Bradford WEIPPERT (b. c.1809), came to Australia, and died at South Melbourne, 29 March 1899

The singer Emma Weippert had a small but respectable career as a character singer in Melbourne theatres. Albert Weippert, her brother, first advertised in Tasmania as a former member of Weippert's band. Respectively in 1853, and 1976, Emma's sisters Mary Eleanor, and Corunna Ellizabeth, married James Joseph Pollard.


"ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF MR. WEIPPERT, QUEEN'S HARPIST", The Perth Gazette (15 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (26 September 1865), 5

"EVANDALE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 February 1866), 5

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

"THE EMU CONCERT HALL", The McIvor Times (18 January 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1867), 8

"THE HOSPITAL BENEFIT", The McIvor Times (24 April 1868), 2

"POPULAR EVENINGS AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Bendigo Advertiser (27 May 1868), 2

[News], The Argus (23 December 1868), 5

"The Spring Creek Rush", Warwick Examiner (20 February 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 October 1869), 8



"OPENING OF THE NEW BILLIARD ROOMS", The North Eastern Ensign (13 September 1872), 3

"THE INFANT MOZART CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (20 August 1878), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 March 1889), 1

"Mother at Daughter's Golden Wedding", The Argus (3 June 1938), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 July 1939), 10

"STAGE ASIDES", Townsville Daily Bulletin (27 September 1939), 3



Active Geelong, VIC, 1859


"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 August 1859), 2 


Music-seller, music publisher, printer, stationer

Born c.1806
Married Elizabeth BENNETT (d.1910), St. Dunstan's in the East, London, England, 1835
Active Parramatta, Active Sydney, NSW, from 1853, as "Reading and Wellbank" (1853-68; with James READING)
Died Glebe, Sydney, NSW, 10 December 1867, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? [Advertisement], Parramatta Chronicle and Cumberland General Advertiser (31 May 1845), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1853), 3

NOTICE. THE undersigned have this day entered into partnership, in the businsss of General Printers, &c.
October 22, 1853.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1864), 2 

MUSIC, BOOK, and PRINT DEPOSITORY . . . 356, George-street (late Clarke's), Sydney. READING and WELLBANK beg respectfully to announce to their friends and the public of New South Wales, that they have purchased from the trustees of the estate of Mr. J. R. Clarke, the whole of the Stock, comprising Music, Oil Paintings, Engravings, Framed and Unframed Lithographic and other Prints, Photographs, Stereoscopes and Slides, Photographic Albums . . .
The large and choice selection of printed music, vocal and instrumental, for which the establishment is already celebrated, will be supplemented by monthly importations - per Overland Mail - of every new and popular publication from London.
Catalogues of the principal Songs, Pieces, &c., are in course of preparation, and, when ready, may be had on application gratis . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1868), 1 

NOTICE. - Mr. JAMES READING, the surviving partner in the firm of "Reading and Wellbank," of No. 366, George-street, and No. 13, Bridge-street, Book and Music Sellers, Stationers and Printers, having purchased from the Executrix of the late Mr. Isaac Wellbank all her interest in the business, begs to announce that in future it will be carried on under the name, style, and firm of JAMES READING and CO. Sydney, 28th August, 1868.

Musical editions: (ALL TAGGED)

(Selected highlights):

Under the holly (cantata; words: R.P. Whitworth; music: James Churchill Fisher) [wordbook only] (Sydney: Reading & Wellbank, 1865) 

Royal sailor waltzes (by the composer Edward Lord, Jnr.) (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1868]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 225-26 

WELLER, Ann (Miss)

Amateur pianist, vocalist, collector of sheet music

Active Sydney, NSW, ? c.1845-53


Owner bound album of 19th-century printed music; owned by Miss Ann Weller (whose signature appears on various pieces), and bound by Kern & Mader, Hunter St., Sydney [1845-53]; State Library of New South Wales 


Teacher of dancing

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1852), 3

DANCING, MR WENTWORTH begs to announce to the inhabitants of Melbourne, that he has completed his arrangements for resuming his profession, as teacher of Dancing and Calisthenics. Schools attended on moderate terms. Music and Pianoforte Saloon, 15, Collins-street. October 14th.

WENTZEL, Albert (Wentzel ALBERT)

Violinist, music teacher, composer

Born Bohemia, 1857
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, mid 1888
Died North Sydney, NSW, 18 April 1933, aged 76 (TROVE user list "Wentzel family")



"MR. A. WENTZEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1933), 9 

Mr. Albert Wentzel, formerly well known in Sydney musical circles, died yesterday morning at the age of 76. He was born in Bohemia, and originally his name was Wentzel Albert. He came to Australia as first violinist at the Melbourne Exhibition, then moved to Sydney, and played second violin with the Orpheus String Quartet. In the days of Signor Hazon he was for some time leader of the second violins in the Amateur Orchestral Society and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestras. Latterly he had done a good deal of teaching. He is survived by Mrs. Wentzel and two sons, Messrs. Charles and Norbert Wentzel. The funeral will leave the North Shore Hospital at 11.15 o'clock this morning for Gore Hill Cemetery.

WERNER, Fred (Frederick, Fred WERNER)

Pianist, organist, composer

Active NSW, by 1891, until 1915
Active Coolabah, NSW, from 1915


"Kolonielle Angelegenheiten", Australische Zeitung (29 April 1891), 3 

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Western Herald (8 August 1891), 2 

We notice that Mr. Fred Werner, son of Mr. Charles Werner of Coolabah, is now located as organist at St. Stephens' Church of England. Mr. Werner, who is a thorough master of both piano and organ, has recently returned from Germany where he spent four years under Professors Kullaks, Grunicke and Albert Becker. Mr. Werner visits Bourke every week, arriving on Thursday evening and remaining until Monday morning.

"New Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1891), 659 

We have received from the composer "Two Songs" (published as one piece of music), the words by Adam Lindsay Gordon, the music by Fred Werner. These are marked opus I., and bear, as might be expected, traces of inexperience in composition, and also show that the composer, whilst possessing ability, is over-anxious to experiment in producing novel effects by means of strange chords and strained intervals. It is, however, an advantage rather than a defect to have an excess of ideas. Redundance can be pruned and cheeked, whilst originality is not to be acquired. In "No Name" the poetry is vigorously sad, and invites a departure from the beaten track. There is character in the music, and the modulations in places are cleverly managed. The song is in F andante, and the tempo well marked. "Rippling Water," the second song, is rather extravagantly set. The words demand a simpler style, the changes are too abrupt, but, as said above, there is evidence of genuine talent.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1894), 5

. . . "The Bundong Grand March," by Mr. Fred Werner, is written with spirit, and the repeated insertion of the appogiatura is a pleasing feature in it.

"Musical Notes", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (8 May 1915), 9 

Mr. Fred Werner, teacher of piano, has relinquished teaching and has gone to Coolabar for the purpose of entering commercial life.

"NYNGAN HOSPITAL CONCERT", Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent (30 September 1921), 2 

Musical works:

Five octave studies, op. 22, by Fred Werner

(Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., n.d. [1905]) 

Six pieces for the pianoforte, op. 23, by Fred. Werner

(Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., n.d. [1909]) (DIGITISED)

WERT, Charles


Active Adelaide, SA, 1850


"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2 supplement 

. . . Charles Wert, musician, Adelaide . . .



Active Ballarat, VIC, 1854



List of Claims for Compensation for Losses Sustained through the Ballarat Riot, on 7th October, 1854 . . . Augustus Miell, gold, bank notes, musical instruments and music books, gold rings, and two boxes of clothing, £87 . . . E. F. West, clothing, musical instruments, and music books, £53.

Report from the select committee upon Ballaarat riots - Bentley's Hotel: together with the proceedings of committee and minutes of evidence

(Melbourne : John Ferres, Govt. Printer, 1858) (DIGITISED)

WEST, Lavater (Lavater WEST; Mr. L. WEST; ? pseud.)

Serenader, vocalist (Blythe Waterland Serenaders)

Active NSW and TAS, 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WESTON, Frances (Mrs. WESTON)

Actor, vocalist

See Frances ARABIN


Musician, violinist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Carlton, VIC, October 1898

WESTON, George

Violinist ("The Australian Paganini"; "The Victorian Paganini")

Born VIC, 1855 (son of John WESTON and Selina HARPER)
Active by 1862-63 ("aged 6 years")
Died Melbourne, VIC, 3 November 1923, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Little George Weston, who made his debut in 1862, went on to become the colony of Victoria's foremost violinists, notably leading the orchestra for the Centennial Exhibition concert series under the conductor Frederick Cowen.



[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1863), 8

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (16 October 1863), 2

"FUNERALS", The Age (11 October 1898), 8 

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (8 November 1923), 6

The death occurred at a private hospital in Melbourne on Saturday of Mr. George Weston of Parkville who (says the Argus) will be remembered as one of the finest violinists heard in Australia. He was born in Victoria, appeared before the public at the early age of six years and a year later went to England and the Continent to study. He returned to Australia at the age of 23 years. Mr. Weston was leader of the Melbourne Exhibition orchestra in 1880, Sir Frederick Cowen's orchestra at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition 1888 and later of the New Zealand Exhibition orchestra. He was also associated with August Wilhelmj, Sir Charles Halle, and Max Vogrich. He leaves a family of of five sons and three daughters, his wife having died eight months ago.

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 November 1923), 17

WESTON, Robert P.

Theatrical manager, poet, playwright, songwriter, vocalist

WESTON, Mrs. R. P. (Mrs. WESTON)

Actor, vocalist

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1856; Sydney, until 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Flute player, musician (theatrical band)

Born ? c. 1808
Married Fanny SALMON, St. John's, Parramatta, 1 January 1833
Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1837, 1841-45, 1847
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 November 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? Actor-vocalist (4th or King's Own Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1836
? Died Sydney, NSW, 1837, aged 31


A man (probably a young soldier or bandsman) named William Westrop played stage roles for entertainments mounted by the King's Own Regiment (or 4th Regiment of Foot, Australian service 1832-37) in Sydney in July and October 1836 (a William Westrop died in 1837).

Also a soldier in the 4th, his brother, Zachariah Westrop is probably the Westrop first listed as a member of the Theatrical Band in 1837, and again, after a brief period incarceration in 1840, at the Royal Victoria in February 1841, and regularly thereafter, often designated as flautist. He also played in the band at Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844, when it was advertised he would "perform several SOLOS during the evening".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 July 1836), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 October 1836), 1

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

SIR - I respectfully beg that you will in your journal contradict - "That I have leased the Theatre to any one." But that, from the great sums I have expended for its re-opening, not only the scenery, dresses, and others; and, though last, not least, a considerable number of musicians; amongst the names of the gentlemen, are - Mr. Dean (leader), his Three Sons, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Turner, Papping and Son (French horns), Johnson, White, Westrop, White, Bowles, and others whose names I have not taken note of. And I trust, when I take charge of the Theatre, to conduct it with respectability, and make it convenient to a liberal public. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, BARNETT LEVEY. Thursday, 20th March, 1836.

News South Wales, Convict records, Carters Barracks House of Correction, 1847-41

1840, Jany 28 / Westrop, Zachariah / For Absconding from his hired Service / Treadmill 3 cal. months / Queanbeyan / 28 Mar [1840] / [discharge] Liberty / [by whom sent] James Height . . .

"QUEANBEYAN - THE LATE COMMISSION OF INQUIRY", The Australian (22 August 1840), 2 

. . . Third Charge. - "That on the 28th December last, Zachariah Westropp, who had been forwarded to Queanbeyan from Sydney, under warrant on a criminal charge, was, instead of being kept in custody, employed in the highly responsible situation of Lock-up Keeper; that he was taken before the Bench from that post for examination, whose decision confined him on removal from the Court in that Prison, which, for some time previously, while the charge was pending, he had under his exclusive control."

Zachariah Westropp, it appears, was a discharged soldier of the 4th Regiment, who having an excellent character from the Colonel, was engaged by Mr. Terence Aubrey Murray, in Sydney, to serve him for twelve months, in the capacity of Butler, and having received £10, as an advance in part of his wages, he was directed to repair to the house of Mr Murray's sister, preparatory to being sent to the country. Mr. Murray then left Sydney, and being informed that Westropp had never been to the place where he was directed to go, and hearing nothing further about him, Mr. Murray went before a magistrate (Mr. Wright) at Queanbeyan, and obtained a warrant for the apprehension of Westropp on a charge of fraud and breach of agreement, under the Act of Council known as the Hired Servant's Act.

The warrant was transmitted to Sydney, and Westropp was apprehended and forwarded to Queanbeyan. Mr T. A. Murray having previously seen him in Sydney, and at his intercession, contended to waive the charge against him, on being repaid within a given time, the money which had been advanced, which condition not being performed, Westropp was forwarded in custody to Queanbeyan as before mentioned. Soon after his arrival there, he was taken before the Queanbeyan Bench, consisting of the Police Magistrate and Mr. Wright, when Mr. T. A. Murray not appearing to prosecute (as he was then absent from the District) Westropp was discharged from custody on his own recognizence, conditioned to appear when called upon at the Police Office, Queanbeyan, to answer the charge of a breach of the "Hired Servant's Act." Soon after this discharge of Westropp, on bail, the Lock-up Keeper (Wedge) was sent to take his trial for suffering a prisoner to escape from his charge, and there being no other eligible person to be got, Westropp was duly sworn in as Lock up Keeper, and so remained until the return of Mr. Murray to the district, when he was tried before two magistrates (Mr. Wright and Mr. Powell) sitting in Summary Jurisdiction, and was convicted of the Breach of Agreement, and sentenced to Three Months Imprisonment with hard labor in the House of Correction, at Sydney.

It thus appears that the magistrates who admitted Westropp to bail and those who subsequently tried him considered the criminal part of the charge (that of obtaining money under false pretences) as not sustainable, and as Captain Faunce had known Westropp for 13 or 14 years, as a soldier of good character, there was not in our opinion any impropriety in his being made Lock-up Keeper; that he was a fit person, appears from the fact that no prisoners escaped from the Lock-up, nor was Westropp ever accused or suspected of the slightest irregularity whilst he had the charge. There is no evidence to show that Captain Faunce had any choice of persons in the appointment; but even had that been the case, the probability is that he would have had to select not from individuals simply charged with a misdemeanour, but from such as had been actually "convicted" of much more serious offences . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (6 February 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1845), 1

"COMMITTALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1847), 3

Yesterday, a musician named Zechariah Westrop pleaded guilty to a charge of indeoent exposure in Elizabeth-street, on Sunday afternoon, and for not paying the fine of £5 and 2s. 6d. costs, was sent to gaol for seven days.

"INQUEST", Empire (16 November 1852), 2 

An inquest was hold yesterday at the Crispin Arms, on view of the body of Zachariah Westdrop. George Wright, residing in Clarence street, deposed, that the deceased had been in his employment as a domestic servant; he was a musician, and drank very hard. Witness saw him yesterday morning in the kitchen, where he had been cleaning candlesticks; he suddenly took a fit of shivering like one in the ague, and appeared otherwise suddenly ill. Witness immediately got him a glass of hot brandy, but he fell down the steps, and witness at once sent for medical aid. The deceased, however, expired in about ten minutes. Peter Montgomery, surgeon, who is merely on a visit in Sydney, stated, that between 10 and 11 o'clock yesterday morning, he was called in to see the deceased, there being no other medical man resident in the neigbourhood. At the time witness arrived, deceased was quite dead. From the appearance of the body and the preceding evidence as to deceased's habits, witness believed that death was caused by apoplexy, induced by intemperance. He appeared to have been a man of full habit, and therefore subject to this complaint. The Jury returned a verdict accordingly.

WHARTON, Henry (William Henry WHARTON)

Baritone vocalist (Lyster Opera Company), teacher of singing

Born England, c. 1835
Arrived Australia, by July 1862
Died Manchester, England, 26 September 1870, aged 35


"THE OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1862), 5

"OPERA. THE ROSE OF CASTILE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1862), 8

"VICTORIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1862), 5

The opera season was opened on the 13th instant with Donizetti's Favorita. There was an overflowing house, and the old favourites were all well received. In noticing; the debut of Mr. Wharton, the Argus says :- "Mr. Wharton was loudly cheered. This was his first appearance in Melbourne, and from the perfect style in which he acquitted himself, we predict that he will be a great favourite with the habitues of the opera. Mr. Wharton is gifted with a splendid baritone voice, full, round, and flexible, and from his performance last night it is apparent that his training has been of a very high order. In the song: "Thou flower beloved" he was encored, but, with excellent taste, the stranger merely came forward and bowed his acknowledgments, without repeating the song. The Age and Herald are equally loud in his praise.

[News], The Argus (19 February 1867), 5

The Lyster Opera Company gave a concert on Saturday, in the Masonic-hall, for the benefit of their late fellow artiste, Mr. Henry Wharton, who, being at present physically incapacitated from pursuing his profession, is anxious to return to Europe. It was a great success.

"DEATHS", Empire (27 December 1870), 1

On the 26th of September, at his father's residence, Manchester, England, William Henry Wharton, Esq., aged 35 years, late member of Lyster's Italian and English Opera Company, and formerly of the English Opera, London, leaving an affectionate wife and a large circle of friends to lament their loss.

WHEATLEY, James (? the below)

? Saxe-horn, cornopean player, builder

WHEATLEY, James Edward

Saxe-horn, cornopean player, builder, music teacher

Born Bayswater, London, England, 7 February 1836 (son of Edward Kendrick WHEATLEY (d.1857))
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 27 February 1850 (per Stratheden)
Died Kapunda, SA, 24 November 1878


"THE HANDEL FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (14 April 1859), 3 

. . . The following is a list of the instrumental performers with the instruments which they severally played upon:- Violins - Chapman, White, Lower, King, Schrader; viola - Schrader; violoncellos - Lillywhite, Allen, Marshall, double bass -Betteridge, Schrader; flutes - Proctor, Spiller; clarionets - Heydecke, Sumpse, Clisby; harmonium - Light; saxe horns - Vincent, Wheatley; cornopean - Wheatley . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 September 1862), 1 

WHEATLEY & PAPPIN beg to inform their friends and the Public generally that they have
OPENED the above ESTABLISHMENT with a CHOICE SELECTION of every description of
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS direct from the Manufacturers, and trust that by strict attention to business to merit a share of their support and patronage.
Volunteer Companies will have an opportunity of choosing from a large Assortment of Brass Instruments, Drums, &c.
A well-selected Stock of new Music always on hand.
Pianofortes, Harmoniums, and other Instruments Tuned and Repaired.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (23 August 1864), 3 

INSOLVENCY COURT. MONDAY, AUGUST 22. [Before Mr. Commissioner Macdonald.] IN RE JAMES WHEATLEY . . . The insolvent is a builder. Since August, 1863, he has undertaken six contracts . . . Profits made on musical instruments imported - 170 17 6 . . .

[Advertisement], Australische Zeitung (27 November 1877), 5 


American pianist, conductor, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1858
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1859, j b/ (WorldCat identities)


Arriving and departing with her, Wheaton was pianist and conductor on actor-singer Emma Stanley's Australian tour.

He was almost certainly the J. B. Wheaton active in the USA in the 1850s and 1860s; e.g. [News] Brooklyn Eagle (20 August 1857):

THE PIANO CASE. The case of Mr. J. B. Wheaton, a music teacher, who was arrested last week on a complaint of Charles Bunce, who charged him with having stolen a piano worth $150, was called up before Justice Boerum yesterday afternoon, when the complainant failed to appear, and the accused was discharged.


Grand concert! Mr. J.B. Wheaton respectfully announces the following programme, for his concert, on Tuesday evening, Oct. 9th [1855], on which occasion he will have the valuable assistance of Miss Jenny Twichell [later Mrs. Jenny Kempton], the favorite contralto, of Boston, and Henri Jungnickel, the distinguished German violencello player . . . ([Fitchburg, Mass.]: Fitchburg Sentinel Office, [1855]) 

"ATLANTIC THEATRICALS", The Argus (7 November 1856), 5

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (20 April 1858), 3

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (30 August 1858), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 November 1858), 1

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 December 1858), 2

"SATURDAY NIGHT CONCERTS", The Age (31 January 1859), 5 

The success which attended the concert, given at the Mechanics' Institution on Saturday evening, ought to justify the projectors, Messrs. E. King, Megson, and S. Chapman in continuing similar entertainments once a week, for the benefit of a large body of the citizens of Melbourne . . . We had almost forgot to mention in terms of praise Mr. Wheaton's solo on the pianoforte, founded on American airs . . .

[Advertisement], "NIMINY PYM POLKA. Just published", The Argus (17 February 1859), 3

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (23 February 1859), 5

The band of the 40th Regiment will play at the Botanical Garden on Wednesday, 23rd inst., from four to six o'clock p.m. The programme of music for performance is as follows: - Polka, "My Mary Ann," Jullien; song, "The blind Flower Girl," Blockley; selection, "L'ltaliana in Algieri," Rossini; waltz, "The Summer Flowers," Tinnoy; overture "Sommernachts traum," Mendelssohn; selection, "Le Caid," Thomas; polka, "Niminy Pym," Wheaton; galop, "Overland Mail," D'Albert.

"CLEARANCES", Empire (30 September 1859), 4

Musical works:

Pearl Hill polka (Boston: G. P. Reed & Co., [1855]) 

Niminy pym polka ("Respectfully dedicated to Miss Emma Stanley") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) 


Actor, vocalist



Active Adelaide, SA, 1851


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Adelaide Times (8 January 1851), 2 

. . . First appearance of MR. WHEELER, from the Hanover-square Rooms, who will sing a popular song, and of MISS WHEELER, who will perform several airs from La Sonnambula on the Pianoforte . . .

"THE NEW THEATRE", Adelaide Observer (11 January 1851), 4 

. . . We must own we were a good deal disappointed in Miss Wheeler's pianoforte playing. We admit her performance was correct, but the piece selected (a few airs from the Puritani and variations) was such as would present no difficulty to a school-girl, and therefore not one on which a reputation could possibly be founded; it is, however, quite probable that the lady may be capable of better things, and we shall hope to hear her again . . .

WHEELER, Alfred (the Rev. Alfred WHEELER)

Musician, priest, choirmaster, organist, composer

Born England, c. 1865
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1891
Acyive Melbourne, VIC, by 1899
Died Newtown, Geelong, VIC, 29 March 1949, aged 73 (NLA persistent identifier)


WHEELER, Stephen Thomas (Mr. WHEELER; Tom WHEELER)

Cornet player, theatre musician, bandmaster, basso vocalist

Born Oxford, England, c. 1825
Married Mary Elizabeth DIXON, London, 23 July 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1851
Died Ballarat, VIC, 9 February 1878, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WHEELER, Mary Elizabeth (Miss DIXON; Mrs. WHEELER)

Pianist, vocalist

Married Stephen Thomas WHEELER, London, 23 July 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1851
Died ? NSW, c. 1857-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Stephen was a son of James Luff Wheeler (d. 1862), bookseller of Oxford, and Anne Ophelia, daughter of David Alphonso Talboys, also a bookseller and publisher. His elder brother was James Talboys Wheeler (1824-1897), was later a newspaper editor and historian of India. Their younger brother, David Dickinson Wheeler (1832-1912) also emigrated to Australia, a year later than Stephen, in 1852, was at Ballarat by 1856 if not earlier, and was a prominent colonial newspaper editor and journalist.

According to colonial publicity, Stephen had been a member in London of Louis Jullien's band, and a pupil of it's principal cornet player, Herman Koenig. He would certainly have played the cornet solo in Koenig's well-known Post-horn galop in Australia.

Having married in London in July 1850, Stephen and Mary Wheeler sailed for Victoria toward the end of the year. They were "recently arrived" when their first concert appearance was advertised in Melbourne in mid-February, and during their early months in the colony they appear to have been closely associated with another recent arrival, Henry Hemy.

Stephen's busiest Melbourne year was 1852. They had moved to Tasmania for the first half of 1854, where Stephen was principal performer in the theatrical band. They sailed back to Sydney with Lewis Lavenu in August, in time for Stephen to play a solo, at reportedly short notice, at one of Catherine Hayes's concerts in September.

The Wheelers duly settled in NSW, where, during 1855 and 1856, Stephen appeared with Winterbottom's band and Anna Bishop. They were in Bathurst for six months during the winter and spring of 1856, intending to settle there. Mary opened a school, and they together gave at least two concerts, but in November, Mary and her assistant, Eliza Stewart, advertised that the school would close at the end of the quarter due to Mary's ill-health. They sold up their household furniture, including a Tomkison piano, in mid December, and returned to Sydney where Stephen joined the Lyceum orchestra for the Christmas season, while Mary and Eliza Stewart spent the early months of 1857 working in Tasmania.

Back in Sydney their only son was born in September 1857 and died shortly afterward. I have found no sure record of Mary's death, but it probably followed soon after.

Stephen was briefly in Tasmania, alone, in 1859, and he had settled in Ballarat by 1861, having evidently decided to join his brother there. He worked there mainly as a journalist, but continued to give occasional musical performances. Among his other non-musical activities, he was honorary secretary to the committee of subscribers to the erection of a Eureka Stockade monument in 1867.


"MARRIED", Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette (24 August 1850), 2

On Tuesday, the 23rd ult., at the Catholic Chapel, Lincoln's Inn-fields, and afterwards at the Church, Mr. S. T. Wheeler, of this city, to Mary Elizabeth, only daughter of the late John Dixon, Esq., of Brighton.

England and Wales, civil registration marriage index, 1837-1915

Wheeler / Stephen Thomas / Marylebone / I / 262 [July-September] 1850 . . . Mary Elizabeth Dixon

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 February 1851), 3 

"LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT", The Melbourne Daily News (21 February 1851), 2 

. . . Mr. Wheeler, who possesses a deep rich baritone voice, sang "While the lads of the village" (from the Quaker, we think,) with great taste and expression, and quite as well as Leffler (who made it quite his own,) could have performed it. Mrs. Wheeler's pianoforte solo we did not hear, but heard it highly spoken of . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (22 February 1851), 2 

. . . A very brilliant pianoforte solo was performed by Mr. Hemy, introducing favorite Italian airs; and a second was presented by a debutante, Mrs. Wheeler, whose stylo and execution deserved and received the compliment of an encore. The husband of the last mentioned lady also made his first appearance, as a vocalist, and was very favourably received. A fine bass voice gave great effect to some good glees, and he also sung a solo or two, in which, perhaps, a little of the harshness of this style of voice was discernable . . .


"THE LOVERS OF MUSIC", The Courier (27 May 1854), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1854), 4

"THEATRICALS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 March 1855), 2 

. . . We were much pleased with Mr. Wheeler's Cornet Solo, on Thursday night; it plainly showed his tutorship under Koenig . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1855), 4

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (14 December 1855), 5

THIS EVENING, Friday, December 14th . . . Song, "The Peace of the Valley," Mr. F. Howson. Cornet Obligato, Mr. Wheeler . . .

"CITY THEATRE", Empire (25 March 1856), 4

A musical entertainment was given last evening to a highly respectable audience, numbering about 200 persons. The performers included Mr. Winterbottom, Mrs. H. T. Craven, Mr. Stephens, Mr. Wheeler, and others. . . . Mr. Wheeler, with the cornet a-piston, gave "Home, sweet home," with thrilling emphasis and decision of touch and was warmly applauded throughout.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (14 June 1856), 1

"MR. WHEELER'S CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (25 June 1856), 2

The monotony of a Bathurst existence was broken on Monday evening last by a public concert, at the Prince of Wales Theatre, when Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler made their first appearance before a Bathurst audience. The boxes were respectably filled, and "the Gods" mustered, in some force in the pit. The performances commenced by an overture from Fra Diavalo by the whole band, in which Mr. Wheeler's Cornet a Piston took a conspicuous part, and bore ample testimony, not only to his powers of execution on that beautiful instrument, but to his talents as a musician. His solos, "Home, Sweet, Home," and "Groves of Blarney," were exquisite gems, and took the audience by surprise, who testified their admiration by encoring both, and by repeated plaudits. In fact, Mr. Wheeler is not only perfect master of his instrument, but he displays a refinement and delicacy of taste, which bespeak the music of the heart as well as of the head. Mrs. Wheeler also possesses considerable powers of execution as a pianist, but the miserable condition of the instrument upon which she performed, was a great drawback upon her performance. Not the least amusing part of the affair was the comments passed upon it and its unfortunate owner, in every part of the house. By some it was designated "a tin kettle," by others "a cracked pot," and a third swore it was never manufactured, but grew in a turnip bed. A wag in the boxes proposed to put it up to raffle, one condition being that the winner should burn it: and, to crown the whole, some malicious and evil-minded person circulated the report that it belonged to the editor of the Free Press, who offers a reward of £5 for the name of the delinquent. But to return to the concert; Miss Stewart sang several songs in capital style, and was encored in all. "The Horn of Chase" was decidedly her best performance. The concert, as a whole, was a highly successful effort to please, and as Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler are likely to become permanent residents in Bathurst, we doubt not that they will be induced to give periodical concerts. We understand that their next concert takes place on Monday.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (13 September 1856), 1

"MR. WHEELER'S CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (20 September 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (11 October 1856), 3

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 February 1857), 5 

We are requested to remind the members of the above society that the fifth concert of the season takes place this evening at the Royal Hotel. Amongst the attractions of the concert are Madame Cailly, another "lady amateur" on the pianoforte, of whom report speaks very favourably, and Mr. Wheeler, the celebrated cornet player from Jullien's band.

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1857), 1 

"BANQUET AT CLARKE'S ROOMS", Empire (17 March 1858), 4

The annual banquet in honour of the Patron Saint of Ireland, was held last evening at Mr. Clark's Rooms, Elizabeth-street . . . An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Tranter, assisted by Mr. Wheeler, attended, and throughout the dinner played several Irish airs excellently, and they acquitted themselves no less successfully in performing the airs following each toast.

"THE HIPPODROME", The Courier (14 January 1859), 3

The performances of the American company were equally well patronised last evening . . . The band - under the direction of Mr. Wheeler, formerly the leading soloist at our theatre upon the cornet-a-piston, enlivens the Hippodrome during tho evening with a continued succession of amphitheatrical music . . .

"SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1861), 2

. . . Solo, cornet-a-piston "Home, Sweet Home," with variations, Mr. S. T. Wheeler . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (15 January 1863), 4

On November 21st, 1862, at his residence, 106 High-street, Oxford, England, of heart-disease, James Luff Wheeler, bookseller of that city, aged 76 years, and the father of S. T. Wheeler, and D. D. Wheeler of this colony.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (11 February 1878), 2 

We have to record the death on Saturday of Mr. S. T. Wheeler, a native of Oxford,.and one of our oldest residents. The deceased was brother to Mr. D. D. Wheeler, of the Hansard staff, who some twenty-two or twenty-three years ago started the Ballarat Trumpeter, and was for some time afterwards attached to the staff of this journal. Mr. T. Wheeler had also for some years filled engagements on the local press as a reporter, but he was more widely known and welcomed as a professional musician. He had an exquisite taste in music, and his love for the art was a passion. A gentle, genial, generous soul, with the manners, as well as the instincts of a gentleman, "poor old Tom," as his intimate friends would call him, had friends everywhere and no enemies, so far as we know, except his own foibles, which "leant to virtue's side," but a broken Bohemian sort of life for some years helped to impair his health and develop the disease of the lungs from which he died. The deceased was a widower, but, we believe, had no family. The funeral will take place to-morrow at 1 o'clock.

"Deaths", The Argus (12 February 1878), 1

On the 9th inst., at Ballarat, Stephen Thomas Wheeler, second son of the late James Luff Wheeler, of Oxford, England, aged 52.

"NEWS SCRAPS", Kyneton Guardian (13 February 1878), 2 

Mr. Stephen Tom "Wheeler, an old Ballarat reporter and musician of note, died a day or two since. Mr. Wheeler's history was a varied one, he having held from time to time leading positions in the orchestras of many of the principal theatres - when Catherine Hayes, Sara Flower, and Madame Anna Bishop were witching the world with song.

"VICTORIA", The Mercury (16 February 1878), 3

The death of Mr. S. T. Wheeler, a native of Oxford, and one of the oldest residents of Ballarat, is recorded by the Star. The deceased was brother to Mr. D. D. Wheeler, of the Hansard staff, who some twenty-two or twenty-three years ago started the Ballarat Trumpeter, and was for some time afterwards attached to the staff of the Ballarat Times, the Star, and other newspapers. Mr. Wheeler had also for some years filled engagements on the local Press as a reporter, but he was more widely known and welcomed as a professional musician. He had an exquisite taste in music, and his love for the art was a passion.


Professor of Music, director of music (Blind Asylum), organist

Born England, 1863
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 31 August 1888 (per Oroya, from London, 20 July)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1897
Died Claines, Worcestershire, England, 1917


Whinfield was son of Edward Wray Whinfield (1826-1902). The Whinfields moved to Severn Grange in Claines in the 1870s, and were well known on the Worcestershire Music scene. The young Edward Elgar used to take Beethoven scores to read at the graves of his grandparents in Claines Churchyard.

Alice Elgar, diary, 12 August 1910, a visit to Claines churchyard

Saw his relatives' tomb & where he used to sit reading scores, years ago.

He also regularly visited Severn Grange for musical evenings held by Edward Whinfield.

Alice Elgar, diary, 11 August 1910

E & A (arrived at) Severn Grange at 4.20. Found Mr. & Mrs. Whinfield very nice & pleasant. E. pleased to see it all again & able to tell them things about the house they did not know. Old Mr W. used to consult him where to put pictures & things - garden wonderful but damp . . . '; Alice Elgar, letter to Alice Wortley, written at Severn Grange, 12 August 1910, refers to house as "about 2 miles from Worcester & he used to come here & steep himself in art & music from about 20 yrs. old till after we were married & left the neighbourhood. The son of the old music lover now reigns here & they are very nice. The garden is most extraordinary, planted with every rare shrub & tree & so grown up that it seems to me more like a Maeterlinck fantasia than any English place.

Elgar's Serenade, op. 22 is dedicated to Arthur's younger brother, Walter.

Arthur Whinfield was by then organist at Claines Church and took over as owner-manager of Nicholson's Organ Works at Worcester (1903-15). He had married into the Curtler family of Bevere. He was a keen photographer. He is buried in Claines Churchyard with his wife and parents and the current Lych gate was erected in his memory. (


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 August 1888), 6


[News], The Argus (14 September 1892), 5

This evening, at the Ormond Hall of Music attached to the Asylum for the Blind in St. Kilda road, the first of a series of popular concerts will be given, at which the low charge of one shilling is 'fixed' for admission. The programme, which will be found in our advertising columns, comprises vocal items by Misses Ada Crossley, Edith Moore, and Jeannie Ramsay, and Messrs. James Wood, A. J. Pallett, and Gladstone Wright, while Miss Lilian Kerr will contribute two violin solos. Mr. K. Lyons (late of the Victorian Orchestra) will play a clarionet solo, and take part in Mozart's Trio No. 2 in E flat with Mr. A. E. King (viola) and Mr. A. H. Whinfield (piano). The last named gentleman will contribute an organ solo, and also act as accompanist. The Ormond-hall is within easy distance of the St. Kilda road trams, and is about seven minutes' walk from the Prahran railway station.

"Local and Other News", Kyabram Union (19 January 1894), 2

"MARITIME MISCELLANY", Evening News (26 June 1897), 4

"PRIZE-GIVING AT WORCESTER COLLEGE [for the Blind]", The Beacon (September 1923), 10

Bibliography and resources:

His wife established a music prize in Whinfield's memory at the Worcester College for the Blind (see above); a set of photographs taken by Whinfield of the music library at Worcester Cathedral is in the UK National Archives


Pianoforte tuner and repairer, professor of music

Active Tasmania, 1850s
Died New Norfolk, TAS, 17 May 1862, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 November 1853), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (31 January 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (19 October 1858), 1

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (15 February 1859), 2

"LUNACY", The Mercury (9 January 1861), 2


Theatre musicians

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3


Pianist and accompanist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850s

See with Madame ARNATI WHITE

WHITE, Clement (Clement WHITE; Clem WHITE)

Vocalist, songwriter, composer

Born ? Ireland, c. 1805
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 December 1853 (per Anglesea, from London, 27 August, Plymouth, 3 September, via Melbourne)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1 December 1854 (per City of Norfolk, for San Francisco, ? aged "28")
Died London, England, 18 July 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Having retired from a reasonably distinguished career as a principal singer on some of London's best musical stages, the Irish-born tenor and widely published composer and songwriter Clement White sailed for the Australian colonies in 1853. His tour was a subject of interest in the London journal, The musical world, where White's friends James W. Davison (1813-1885) and Desmond Ryan (1816-1868) were editor and sub-editor. The musical world reported several times in advance of White's departure, and again after his arrival in Sydney. Davison's memoirs, compiled posthumously from his papers by his son Henry (whose mother, Davison's then wife, was pianist Arabella Goddard), are also the main source for what little is known of "Clem White" biographically.

In 1840 . . . the " Harmonist," "a collection of classical and popular music . . . the whole adapted either for the voice, the pianoforte, the harp or the organ, with pieces occasionally for the flute and guitar, under the superintendence of an eminent Professor." The "eminent Professor" was Davison. The contents of the budget, which exists in two quarto volumes, for 1840 and 1841, include . . . [inter alia] . . . contributions by Bennett, Loder, Macfarren and Alfred Day, and three or four more or less obscure English, French and Irish chums of the editor. Amongst the last was Clement White, a queer Irish singer and song sketcher (for he got his friend to harmonise the tunes), an emitter of unpremeditated humour, a simple, reckless, thriftless boon companion.

Henry Davison later mentions White's departure from England, along with that of another of Davison's valued friends, in his father's memoirs for 1853, and quotes a long letter White sent his father from Sydney early in 1854, reporting on the voyage out and conditions in Australia on his arrival:

This year Clement White and Jullien left England to seek their fortunes elsewhere. White, ruinous through dissipation and improvidence, set out for Australia to give lectures there, nichts wi' Burns, Dibdin, Moore and the modern song-composers, including Bennett, Macfarren and Davison. Jullien, with pockets unfilled by the production at the Royal Italian Opera of his Pietro il Grande, set out for America, there to be accompanied as secretary, agent or interpreter, by another victim of the nature of things, Bowlby, occasionally of the Times, deeply and unluckily involved in the railway speculations that had excited the public mind . . .

. . . Sydney may seem a far cry, a somewhat abrupt swerve and digression. It is made at this point not merely as a reminder that the world of British music was wide, even fifty years ago, or for the sake of a glimpse at the shifts to which a British musician, of sorts, might be put in his search for a livelihood, but for other reasons. Davison made friends with most sorts and conditions of men. If a character seemed to offer some quaintness or originality, he soon detected, appreciated and cultivated it. "I can stand Davison," observed some man of position, "but not his followers" - this in reference to some "familiar" of the time being - probably Clement White. "Clem" had left England to seek better luck at the Antipodes. From him, early in 1854, Davison received a letter, extracts from which are here made to illustrate the oddities of one of Davison's early intimates, as well as to give body and shape to a figure more than once noticed in these pages, and to let a fresh ray fall on the names of several of Davison's entourage.

From Sydney, January 7, 1854 . . . we arrived in Hobson's Bay on December 3, down by the "Yarra Yarra". Lavenue [sic] is there - here he could do nothing, he is with Ellice [Ellis] at the Cremorne gardens. I did not go ashore, the expense was too great and the flies too strong, we threw out anchor here [Sydney] on Monday morning at half past six, Dec. 19, and after wandering about I found a bed at a public house, where the land-lord fleeced me and the mosquito stung me, at length the change threw me on a sick bed, I was then removed  to a dark back room where the black fly attacked me, closing up my eyes and swelling my lips, at last the ship got room at Walker's Wharf and I was allowed to take away my things, which had been well rifled. On my way home with the man and cart, we were struck by a southerly blister followed by a hot wind, he threw himself down to avoid its blighting influence and I held hard by a gate, after some time he got up and began to drink, I entreated him to proceed, he told me to go to hell and lead the horse myself, I seized the reins and did so through the city without shame or confusion, this one job cost me £2.

In three weeks my money was out, entertainments were out of the question, four persons have just now tried them but couldn't manage to get ten persons into the room (an unsightly one) so I pawned my opera glass and watch for support, I left mine host of the "Public" - (a felon) and am now living at Wooloomooloo [sic] in a quiet cottage. Stone masons have 35/- per day while gentlemen and artists are really starving, 'tis shocking to witness, my pictures will keep me above water for some time, the Penningtons have been kind - but warmhearted souls! they are poor, he has got me one pupil, a fine young man, I have given him three lessons.

[William G. Pennington was treasurer of the School of Arts]

White's first "Vocal Entertainment", at Sydney's Mechanics' School of Arts, on 21 March, was notable for its second half, devoted entirely to songs either newly composed or adapted by White himself to Australian themes. His "SONGS OF AUSTRALIA" included three original and presumably newly written items: The Australian lover, Down by the Yarra Yarra, and what he described as a National Song, simply called Australia. There were also two songs described as "adapted by" White, from Henry Russell's popular Amercian far west entertainment, The emigrant's progress. The songs in question were Since the weary day (Long parted have we been) and Far, far upon the sea (Far, far upon the sea), White's adaptation probably a topical reworking of Charles Mackey's original words with new local Australian subject matter and allusions.

White repeated The Australian lover at his last Sydney concert on 19 April, whereafter - unfortunately - none of these lost songs is heard of again (Stephen Marsh was pianist for at least one of White's Sydney appearances).

White sailed for Melbourne in June, and was billed to appear at the Salle de Valentino in July, and in August at the Mechanics' Institute with the touring actor Emma Brougham, though in the event she was indisposed. His last documented Australian engagement was at the theatre in Geelong, where he was based from September to November.

White finally left Melbourne for San Francisco on the City of Norfolk on 1 December 1854, in company with the actors Edwin Booth and Laura Keene and an unidentified "Mrs. White" aged 24 (Clement himself listed as aged "28"; could Keene, who was not listed in the outgoing manifest, perhaps have been masquerading as "Mrs. White"). Though the ship arrived in San Francisco in March, White's his first appearance in the city was not advertised until August, when he sang in an oratorio with Anna Bishop, Jean-Baptiste Lagalaise, Bochsa, and George Loder.


"MR. CLEMENT WHITE", The Musical World (30 April 1853), 277

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE", The Musical World (23 July 1853), 460

"CLEMENT WHITE", The Musical World (27 August 1853), 541

CLEMENT WHITE sails for Australia this day, at 5 P.M., by the Anglesey. A number of his friends will accompany him on board, to bid him farewell, and wish him success on his voyage to the New World. He takes with him four entertainments, written expressly for him, on ballad music - one on Irish music, one on Scottish music, one on the songs of Dibdin, and one on modern composers and their compositions. May he prosper in his new undertaking, and may he come back to us in a few years, lifted up with gladness, weighed down with ingots, and as full of heart, mirth, and whimsicality as ever.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1853), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1854), 1

TO SCHOOLS and PRIVATE FAMILIES - Mr. CLEMENT WHITE, late of the Theatre Royal, London, and of the Nobility's Concerts, now gives private lessons in Singing, and is open, to receive engagements from Schools and private families. Mr. White is the author of the well known song of Mary O'Roon and other popular melodies. Mr. White also receives pupils in Poetic and Dramatic Reading and Elocution. Communications addressed to Mr. WHITE, at Mr. Buist's, Music Seller, Bridge-street, will receive prompt attention.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1854), 2 

MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS. - THIS EVENING, March 21st, at 8 o'clock, in the above hall, Mr. CLEMENT WHITE, late of the Theatres Royal Drury Lane and Covent Garden, will give a Vocal Entertainment, entitled Recollections of England, Scotland, and Ireland; or "Home, sweet Home."
Song - "Lord Donald" - Clement White.
Song - "The Bloom is on the Rye" - Sir H. R. Bishop.
Song - "Annie Laurie" - Scotch.
Song - "Draw the Sword, Scotland" - Scotch.
Song - "Kathleen O'More" - Irish.
Song - "Kitty Creagh" - S. Lover.
Song - "The Australian Lover" - Clement White.
Song - "Down by the Yarra Yarra" - Clement White.
National Song - "Australia" - Clement White.
Song - "Since the weary Day," adapted by Clement White.
Song - "Far, far upon the Sea," adapted by Clement White.
Tickets, price, 2s.; reserved seats, 3s.; together with programmes, may be had of Messrs. H. Marsh and Co., W. J. Johnson, Buist, Woolcott and Clarke, of Mr. White, 5, Crown-street, Woolloomooloo, and of Mr. Mansfield, Secretary to the Institution.

"VOCAL ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (22 March 1854), 2

We had much pleasure last evening in welcoming an old London favourite, Mr. Clement White, late of the Theatres Royal Drury Lane and Covent Garden, who made his first public appearance before a Sydney audience, at the School of Arts, Pitt-street. Old play-goers will remember Mr. White as a dramatic singer of great taste and power, and he has also long enjoyed a high reputation in musical circles, as a composer of several popular melodies and operettas. His performance last evening shows that neither his vocal powers, nor his taste and purity as a composer, have at all suffered by time or transplanting. His execution of the favourite old Scotch air, "Annie Laurie," was exquisite, and the old Irish melody, "Kathleen O'More," was given with deep and touching pathos. Lover's well known serio-comic song of "Kitty Creagh," was rapturously encored. Mr. White also gave some compositions of his own, one of which, a bravura song, "Lord Donald," bids fair to be very popular. We are very glad to see this gentleman among us, and look upon his performance last evening, as the prelude to much enjoyment to lovers of music, as it has revived in us many old associations of the English opera, of which Mr. White has long been a distinguished ornament, and we trust that an equally successful career awaits him in the country of his adoption.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1854), 5

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE'S ENTERTAINMENT", Illustrated Sydney News (25 March 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1854), 1

"VOCAL ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (7 April 1854), 3

A great trent was afforded to lovers of harmony, on Wednesday evening, by Mr. Clement White's vocal entertainment at the School of Arts. The selection of airs was of a very high and recherche character, in fact, almost cloying from its richness, but the brilliant execution of this accomplished vocalist lent a fresh charm even to Moore's gorgeous melodies, and relieved what might in inferior hand have proved an oppressive satiety. The charming air "Kathleen O'More" was rendered with thrilling pathos, and as a contrast to the lugubrious, Mr. White gave us " Kitty Creagh" in a style of rich and racy humour that called down rapturous applause. Two bravuras, the one an adaptation of a well-known air "Tu Vedrai," from one of Rossini's older operas, and the other from Bellini's Pirata, were given with a brilliancy of execution, a purity of intonation, and a chasteness of fioritura, that we have never heard out of London. Mr. White's song "Lord Donald," was a very palpable hit, and was very emphatically encored. The success of the entertainment was much enhanced by the exquisite accompaniment of Mr. Stephen Marsh, which was given with that gentleman's accustomed taste and feeling. The audience was numerous and respectable. We regret to learn that Mr. White's stay among us is limited, he having, we believe, accepted an engagement at Melbourne, which, by the way, seems just now to be absorbing all the dramatic musical talent that we can command.

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE", The musical world (17 June 1854), 407

"Shipping Intelligence", Empire (26 June 1854), 4

"SALLE DE VALENTINO", The Argus (8 July 1854), 5

There is to be a concert here tonight, when a Mr. White makes his first appearance before a Melbourne audience.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1854), 8

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Argus (22 August 1854), 5

Unfortunately Mrs. Brougham was unable to attend last night, so Mr. White had the whole responsibility thrown upon him of amusing the audience for an hour or two. This is a hard task for any man to undertake, and if Mr. White was not entirely successful, he at any rate showed a capacity which will make him a favorite with the appreciators of correct music. He is best when he accompanies himself, and could imitate Russell well. "Home, Sweet Home," that was the name of the entertainment, so we had songs from England, Ireland and Scotland, all well sung, but it was not such an entertainment as can be highly spoken of, even if we make allowance for the absence of Mrs. Brougham.

"THE THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser (9 November 1854), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (2 December 1854), 4 

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California [San Francisco, USA] (18 August 1855), 3 


"VANCOUVER'S ISLAND", The musical world (19 September 1857), 599

[Obituary], The musical world (26 July 1873), 508

MR. CLEMENT WHITE, during along period a public singer (tenor) and professor of singing, died on the l8th inst., at the Charterhouse, and was buried at the cemetery of Bow on Tuesday last. Mr. White had very many friends who will long remember him with affection.

"Notes", The musical standard (2 August 1873), 76

Mr. Clement White, during along period a public singer (tenor) and professor of singing, died on the l8th ult., at the Charterhouse.

Bibliography and resources:

[Henry Davison], Music during the Victorian era: from Mendelssohn to Wagner: being the memoirs of J. W. Davison, forty years music critic of "The Times" (London: W. Reeves, 1912), 35-37, 54, 57, 82, 131, 133, 186-190 (letter), 280

WHITE, Edward

Bandsman (Band of the 3rd Regiment, Buffs)

Born Ireland, c. 1785
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England)
Died Windsor, NSW, buried 27 November 1837

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


White was discharged at Parramatta on 24 February 1826, and stayed on.


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Private Edward White (c.1785-1837)", Australia's red coat regiments 

WHITE, Emilia (Emilia Arrietta Albertine ARNATI; Mrs. Thomas WHITE; Madame ARNATI WHITE)


Born Winchester, Hampshire, England, 1832; baptised St. Swithun, Kingsgate, Winchester, 28 March 1832, daughter of Nicomdede ARNATI (d. 1845) and Ann CANT (d. 1849)
Married (1) Thomas WHITE, Manchester parish church, 3 March 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by February 1853
Arrived NZ, by c. 1862
Married (2) Thomas ANCELL, NZ, 1893
Died Wellington, NZ, 6 July 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WHITE, Thomas (Thomas WHITE; Mr. WHITE)

Professsor of music, pianist, committee member Ballarat Philharmonic Society

Born Manchester, England, 1830; baptised Manchester parish church, 24 March 1830, son of Thomas WHITE and Sarah CARTWRIGHT
Married (1) Emilia ARNATI, Manchester parish church, 3 March 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by February 1853
Arrived NZ, by c. 1862
Died Dunedin, Otago, NZ, 5 July 1889 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


She was a daugher of Nicomede Arnati, a professor of languages and teacher at Winchester College at the time of her birth, and his wife Ann Cant.

Her eldest sister Rosalia (1823-1909), was a talented concert pianist, who, as Miss Arnati and Mademoiselle Arnati, was also active in the mid 1840s as a teacher of music and languages. She married James Collins in London in 1846, and thereafter advertised as Madame Arnati Collins.

Their younger sister, Agostina Arnati (1833-1920; Mrs. Duncan Longden), also came to Australia, and settled in the late 1850s near Geelong, where she became a well-known piano teacher.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish church of Manchester . . . in the year 1830; Manchester Catherdal Records 

No. 976 [March Twenty Fourth] / Thomas son of / Thomas and Sarah / Manch'r / Brewers . . .

1852, marriage solemnized at St. Mary's Church, in the parish of Manchester; Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives 

220 / 3rd March 1852 / Thomas White / 22 / Bachelor / Professor of Music / [father] Thomas White / Brewer
Emilia Arnati / 21 / Spinster / - / Nicholas Arnati / Professor of Languages . . .

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5

It appears that the efforts of the anti-musical members of the Committee of the Mechanics' Institution have not hitherto, at all events been successful; as tomorrow night the usual concert is to be given, the programme containing many features of novelty.
PART I . . . Cavatina - Madame Arnati White, "'Tis the Harp in the Air" - Wallace . . .
PART II . . . Ballad - Madame Arnati White - "L'Ecosse est ma Patrie" - Newland . . .
Ballad - Madame Arnati White, "Down where the blue bells grow" - Alex. Lee.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 October 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' Institution - Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor.
Mr. Buddee's Concert, on Monday, 17th October 1853.
Solo Performers: Mrs. Testar, Madame Arnati White and Mr. Buddee. Band of the 99th Regiment
PROGRAMME. PART FIRST . . . Romance - "Ecosse est ma Patrie, Madame Arnati White - Newland . . .
Duett - Su l'aria (Opera le Nozze di Figaro) Mrs. Testar and Madame Arnati White - Mozart
PART SECOND . . . Cavatina - Give me a Path - Madame Arnati White - Wade . . .
Song - Down where the Blue Bells Grow - Lee - Madame A. White . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 November 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION.- Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor.
Madame Arnati White's Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert
Vocal Performers: Mrs. Testar, Madame Arnati White.
Instrumentalists: Solo Piano, Herr Collin (pupil of Mendelssohn). Solo Ophicleide, Mr. T. Martin.
Mr. White will preside at the Pianoforte.
By the kind permission of Colonel Despard, the splendid Band of the 99th Regiment, under the direction of Mr. Martin, will attend, and during the evening perform (by desire) Jullien's celebrated Railway Galop.
Band - Overture, Fra Diavolo - Auber
Duet - Su l'aria - Mrs. Testar and Madame Arnati White - Mozartv Solo - Ophicleide; Mr. Martin - Prospero
Aria - Alla Gioja ed al Piacer. (Opera Bianca o Fernando) - Madame Arnati White - Bellini
Song - Peace inviting; Mrs. Testar - Bishop
Band - Nlghtingale Waltzes (by desire) - Jullien
Band (Aria) - Alfin non tua, (Opera Lucia di Lammermoor) - Donizetti
Duet - Mira O Norma, (Opera, Norma) Mrs. Testar and Madame Arnati White - Bellini
Solo - Piano, Grande Fantasie Dramatique sur le Don Juan - Herr Collin - F. Litz [Liszt]
Song - Swiss Girl - Madama Arnati White - Linley
Band - Railway Galop (by desire) - Jullien
Cavatina - Robert toi que j'aime; Mrs. Testar - Meyerbeer
Song - Harvest Queen - Madame Arnati White.
Band - Abbotsford Polka - Jones.
Doors open at 7, Concert to commence at 8 o'clock.
Reserved Seats, 7s: Unreserved, 5s. Tickets to be had at Mr Joseph Wilkie's Music Saloon, 15 Colllns-street; and of Mr. Patterson, at the Mechanics' Institution.

"BALLARAT", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 May 1856), 2 

. . . Almost opposite the Charlie Napier Hotel is the Star Concert Room, where a cheap and good entertainment is provided, the singing of Mr and Mrs Hancock, Madame Arnati White, and Miss Juliana King, being really charming . . .

"MARYBOROUGH", The Argus (28 November 1856), 6

Maryborough Hospital . . . At Dunolly a concert was given at the Golden Age for the same laudable purpose, Madame Arnati White, Madame Vitelli, and Messrs. White, Leeman, and Gibson, giving their services gratuitously. The receipts amounted to £62.

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (14 October 1857), 3

"MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S CONCERT", The Star (16 December 1857), 3 

This talented vocalist, assisted by Messrs. O'Connor and Hackett and Mons. Rodolphe Bial, will give one of her excellent concerts on the occasion of opening the Miner's Exhange this evening . . .

"MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S CONCERT", The Star (29 March 1858), 3


. . . The following gentlemen were then unanimously appointed to act on the committee . . . Mr. Thomas White, treasurer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 July 1858), 8

? [Advertisement], Gippsland Times (14 February 1862), 3

PIANOFORTE TUNING. MR. T. WHITE, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, PIANOFORTE TUNER, ETC., ETC:, WILL visit, Gippsland about the 19th inst. All Families desirous of having their Pianos properly tuned are requested to communicate with Mr. J. D. LEESON, Fancy Museum, Sale.

"ACCIDENTS AND FATALITIES, Otago Witness (6 July 1889), 3 

Mr. Thomas White, a well known teacher of music, died rather suddenly on Thursday night. It appears that Mrs. White summoned Dr. de Zouche, who found it necessary to inject morphia as had been done on former occasions, but Mr. White caver rallied.

"MARRIED", Evening Post (19 September 1893), 2 

ANCELL - WHITE - On the 13th July, at St. Mark's Church, by the Rev. E. Coffey, Thomas Ancell, to Emelia, third daughter of the late N. Arnati, Esq. (Professor Winchester College, England), and widow of the late T. White Dunedin.

"DEATHS", Dominion (10 July 1915), 1 

ANCELL. - On July 6, 1915, at her residence, 7 Palm Grove, Wellington, Emilia, widow of the late Thomas Ancell, and formerly Mrs. White, of Dunedin, in her 84th year.

Bibliography and resources:

"WHITE, THOMAS", The Northern Cemetery, Dunedin's buried history 

WHITE, Frederick (Frederick WHITE)

Dancing master, professor of dancing, actor, comedian

Born England, c. 1803/4
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18th September 1826 (convict per England, from London 28 April)
Active professionally Sydney, NSW, by mid September 1833 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, JOSEPH WHITE, violent theft, highway robbery, 6th December 1820

National Archives, UK HO 47/61/1

Reports, petitions, relating to the case of Frederick White/Joseph White, musician, dancer and dancing master of the Norwich Theatre, convicted at the Old Bailey on 8 December 1820 for highway robbery of goods vale 30/-, property of Joseph Wildey on 30 November 1820 . . .


"Remarkable and interesting case", Oxford University and City Herald (10 March 1821), 1821

"REMARKABLE & INTERESTING CASE", Westmorland Gazette (17 March 1821), 4

REMARKABLE & INTERESTING CASE. His Majesty's free pardon was received on Monday evening for Frederick White, under sentence of death in Newgate. The case this youth, only about seventeen years of age, is peculiarly interesting. He was convicted on the 8th December, of street robbery, during the time a fire, near Wardour-street, and ordered for execution, with five others. on the of 31st Jan.

After the conviction, the prisoner's mother got some friends to draw up a petition mercy, and which, under the delusion very common, that denial of guilt would render the petition nugatory, contained his acknowledgment of the justice his sentence. White, who had uniformly declared his innocence, positively refused to sign petition, avowing that he would sooner die than admit this falsehood. The sincerity of his declaration cannot be more clearly evinced that by the following letter, addressed by him to his mother, after the warrant for his execution came down: -

"DEAR MOTHER, Jan. 29, 1821.

"The awful Report is at length arrived, and I am one of those unfortunates who are doomed to die; but I have one great consolation on my side, that is, my being innocent of the foul crime alleged against me. Do not despair, dear mother, for I hope we shall hereafter meet in a better world. God gave me fortitude to meet the Report, and I hope God will not desert me in my last moments. I should wish to see you as early as possible; you will be admitted all this day - Dear Mother, from your unfortunate son.


His mother, however, thinking the petition essential to the preservation of his life, induced his brother to sign the prisoner's name to it. This innocent forgery produced at first a strong impression against the prisoner; but the circumstances, when known, placed him in a more favourable point of view.

In the course of inquiries, evidence of good character appeared, and that the prosecutor was quite intoxicated. Fortunately the affidavit of a very respectable gentleman, who not only speaks highly of White's character, but also states, that, as he was home that evening, near to the spot, he saw White a short time previous to the robbery, and spoke him, and that he was entirely alone - which testimony completely disconnects him from any gang. It appears that one of the companions of the prosecutor, who swore to his sobriety, does not, nor ever did, live at the place which he swore to be his residence, and was not to be found. A letter to the Foreman of the Jury, stating some circumstances favourable to White, requesting to know upon what ground their verdict was founded; and a Declaration the next day, signed by all the Jury, stating, that they acted on a belief that the prosecutor was sober, and that they discredited the witness for the prisoner, looking upon him in the light of an accomplice; at the same time stating that it would afford them great pleasure if any error they had been led into could be corrected.

These and other documents as to the prisoner's character, were laid before Lord Sidmouth, who submitted the whole to Mr. Baron Garrow, before whom White was tried; and the Learned Judge has given it as his decided opinion, that had these circumstances been brought forward at the trial, the Jury would have found a verdict of Not Guilty. In consequences of which, his Majesty was graciously pleased to grant his free pardon. Thus has this youth been most providentially saved from an ignominious end.

? Andrew Knapp and William Baldwin, The Newgate Calendar . . . volume 4 (London: J. Robins and Co., 1828), 292-95

? Proceedings of the Old Bailey, FREDERICK WHITE, Theft, grand larceny, 27th October 1825

"POLICE SUMMARY OF THE WEEK", The Monitor (4 August 1828), 5

Frederick White, dancing master, and an assigned servant, was charged with being drunk and disorderly and after an admonition from the Bench, was sentenced ten days to the treadmill.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 February 1833), 1

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1833), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 September 1833), 1

Fashionable Dancing. PROFESSOR AND TEACHER OF DANCING. MR. FREDERICK WHITE, Late Principal Dancer of the King's Theatre, Opera House, Drury Lane, and Covent Garden, London, BEGS most respectfully to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that he intends to give Private Lessons in every description of elegant Dancing. Schools punctually attended, if not situated at a distance of more than sixteen miles from Sydney. Terms to be made known on application to Mr. WHITE, at the Theatre Royal, Sydney, daily, from 10 till 2 o'clock.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (18 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 October 1835), 1

"AN EX-COMEDIAN IN TROUBLE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 July 1837), 2

"EX-COMEDIAN COMMITTED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1837), 2

"QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Monitor (6 October 1837), 2

Frederick White was indicted for stealing a saddle, value two pounds ten shillings the property of Mr. Miller of the Savings Bank. It appeared that in July last Mr. Miller went into the Bank, leaving his horse and Saddle in Bank Court. When he returned after an absence of about twenty minutes, both horse and saddle were gone. He made enquiries at Dr. Bryant's, and ascertained that the horse was in the stable, but without a saddle. From suspicion that fell on the prisoner, who was employed at Mr. Cavendish's, his place was searched, and the saddle found under his bed; he had previously been seen by Mr. Sullivan the shopman of Mr. Cavendish, stooping down at the place where the saddle was found. White was intoxicated at the time. In defence, he urged that the place where the saddle was found was accessible to many other persons, and prayed a mitigation of punishment on account of the long period he had been in custody. His employer said he had known him a long time, and believed he would not commit an act of dishonesty while sober. Guilty, sentenced to be imprisoned in Sydney Gaol three months, every alternate week to be in solitary confinement.

WHITE, John Charles

Schoolmaster and precentor (Presbyterian), singing class instructor, newspaper proprietor, Methodist pioneer, convict

Born Thorpe, Colchester, England, 5 August 1813
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1837
Active Bathurst, NSW, by 1842
Died Bathurst, NSW, June 1904, aged 91


"BATHURST. SINGING SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1848), 2

SINGING SOCIETY. - One has been recently formed here with the most laudable purpose of instructing the young and old. The members at present amount to sixteen. The weekly subscriptions and fines are to be appropriated to the purchase of instruments and music-books. On Friday, the 13th, a tea party was held for the purpose of promoting the objects of this society. Upwards of eighty tickets were taken. The meeting was held in the Scotch school-room - rather, if anything, too confined. Mr. J. C. White addressed the meeting, and explained in a very clear and concise manner the motives and objects of the society. After the good things provided had been partaken of, there was an exhibition of the magic-lantern for the amusement of the youngsters. After this, was singing and music until ten P.M., when the party broke up, all appearing satisfied with their entertainment.

"THE SYNOD OF AUSTRALIA'S CHURCH EXTENSION SCHEME (From the Bathurst Free Press, October 6)", The Sydney Morning Herald11 October 1855), 2

The singing throughout the evening was conducted in a very effective manner by some of the members of the Bathurst singing class, under the direction of Mr. J. C. White, Precentor of St. Stephen's Church.

"The Late Mr. J. C. White", National Advocate (29 June 1904), 2


Surgeon-general, first fleet diarist, observer of Indigenous singing and dancing

Born UK, 1856
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 26 January 1788
Departed Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1794 (per Daedalus)
Died Worthing, England, 20 February 1832 (NLA persistent identifier)


White 1790

[At Broken Bay, 9 March 1788, 131-32]:

[9 March 1788] The governor, with two long boats manned and armed, returned from Broken Bay, situated a little to the northward, which he had been exploring for several days. It affords good shelter for shipping, and the entrance is bold; it cannot, however, be compared to Port Jackson. While he was there, he saw a great many of the natives, some of whom he thinks he had observed before, either at Botany Bay or in the neighbourhood of Port Jackson. One of the females happened to fall in love with his great coat; and to obtain it she used a variety of means. First, she danced, and played a number of antic tricks; but, finding this mode ineffectual, she had recourse to tears, which she shed plentifully. This expedient not answering, she ceased from weeping, and appeared as cheerful as any of the party around her. From this little incident it may be seen that they are not a people devoid of art.

[At Botany Bay, May 1788, 165-66]:

The women and children kept at some distance, one or two more forward than the rest excepted, who came to the governor for some presents. While he was distributing his gifts, the women danced (an exercise every description of people in this country seem fond of), and threw themselves into some not very decent attitudes. The men in general had their skins smeared all over with grease, or some stinking, oily substance; some wore a small stick or fish-bone, fixed crossways, in the division of the nose, which had a very strange appearance; others were painted in a variety of ways, and had their hair ornamented with the teeth of fish, fastened on by gum, and the skin of the kangaroo.

[29 July 1788, 192-93]

About ten or twenty yards from the shore, among the long grass, in the shallow water, he struck and took with his fish-gig several good fish; an acquisition to which, at this season of the year, it being cold and wet, we were unequal . . . While they were thus employed, one of the gentlemen with me sung some songs; and when he had done, the females in the canoes either sung one of their own songs, or imitated him, in which they succeeded beyond conception. Any thing spoken by us they most accurately recited, and this in a manner of which we fell greatly short in our attempts to repeat their language after them. While we were thus amicably engaged, all on a sudden they paddled away from us. On looking about to discover the cause, we perceived the gunner of the Supply at some little distance, with a gun in his hand, an instrument of death, against which they entertain an insuperable aversion. As soon as I discovered him, I called to him to stay where he was, and not make a nearer approach; or, if he did, to lay down his gun. The latter request he immediately complied with; and when the natives saw him unarmed they shewed no further fear, but, returning to their employment, continued alternately to sing songs and to mimic the gentlemen who accompanied me.

WHITE, M. W. (Mr. M. W. WHITE; also Mr. W.)

Tenor vocalist, banjoist, musical director (White's Serenaders; Rainer's Minstrels; Rainer's Serenaders)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)


"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 April 1853), 3


"BEN BOLT, AS SUNG BY MR. M. W. WHITE, OF RAINER'S ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 June 1853), 2s

"The Dead Alive", The Hobarton Mercury (2 March 1855), 2

"SERIOUS ASSAULT", The Argus (29 February 1856), 6

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 June 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (20 December 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (11 February 1859), 3

"THE SINGING AT THE STAR HOTEL. To the Editor", The Star (21 March 1860), 3

SIR, Your correspondent Veritas has in his communication of to-day accused me of blasphemy, in singing my song of A Hard Road to Travel over Jordan. Now, Sir, will your correspondent be kind enough in some future contribution to define the word blasphemy. Was Milton guilty of blasphemy when he wrote "Paradise Lost?" Was Byron guilty of blasphemy when he wrote "Cain a Mystery?" Am I guilty of blasphemy, when, in the pursuit of my profession, which is to delineate the peculiarities of the negroes of the Southern States, I give verbatim et literatim a song I heard sung by a slave, in a slave gaol in Richmond, Virginia? . . . I am. Sir, yours, &c.. M. W. WHITE. Star Hotel, 19th March.

Related publications:

Ben Bolt, as sung by M. W. White of Rainer's Minstrels, arranged by J. C. Rainer (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [? 1853])

The veteran's return, as sung by M. W. White of Rainer's Minstrels (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co., n.d. [? 1853])

Bibliography and resources:

Louis Rasmussen, San Francisco ship passenger lists: November 7, 1851 to June 17, 1852, volume 3, 235 (PREVIEW)

WHITE, George (George Benjamin WHITE)

Concert room proprietor

Born c. 1813
Arrived SA, 1838 (per Royal Admiral)
Died Fullarton, SA, November 1876, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WHITE, Richard Baxter

Violinist, pianist, Professor of Music

Born Adelaide, SA, 26 August 1839
Died St Vincent's Gulf, SA, probably by 4 July 1872 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Son of George White of Adelaide (proprietor of White's Rooms, or White's Assembly Rooms, a concert venue) and a pupil of Georgiana Murray and Spencer Wellington Wallace, at 13 he embarked for London where he was the first native Australian colonist to study at the Royal Academy of Music.

He had returned to Adelaide by 1859, when he advertised as a professor of music. He was leader of the Philharmonic Society, directed the choir of the Catholic Cathedral and also played for Lyster's Opera Company. He disappeared in St. Vincent's Gulf in July 1872, presumed drowned.

He is reported (1885) to have owned and played a Ruggerius violin, later acquired by George Hubert Hall.


[Advertisement]: "MR. FREDERIC ELLARD", South Australian Register (27 October 1851), 2

"MASTER R. B. WHITE", South Australian Register (16 December 1852), 3

Among the passengers to England, per A. R. M. S. N. Co.'s Steamer Sydney, is Master Richard Baxter White, (son of Mr. George White, of King William-street), who is so favourably known to the South Australian public, through his remarkable musical gifts and acquirements. Master White has only just completed his 13th year, but his performances as a pianist and violinist are admirable, and give bright promise of future excellence in a profession, to the cultivation of which be seems thoroughly devoted. His voyage to England is undertaken with the intention of his becoming a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music, and as he embarks under the auspices of John Hart, Esq., M.L.C., and is accompanied by a kind mother, his prospects may be regarded as fair and promising in no ordinary degree. Master White is a native of South Australia, and seems to possess a teachable disposition as well as natural capabilities. We confidently hope he will prove a credit to his native land, and trust he will return to it with all the improvements and graces which are attainable in a school of undoubted excellence. Those who have had opportunities of witnessing the performances of Master White, will have felt anxious, as we have done, as to his opportunities for practice, on both instruments during the voyage, and will, therefore, be pleased to hear that a good piano, on board the Sydney, will be as available to him as [is] his own fine-toned violin, which is the more immediate companion of his voyage. We cannot conclude this notice without referring to those who so successfully undertook the musical instruction of this promising youth. His acquirements as a pianist may be solely attributed to the assiduous culture of Mrs. Murray, of Adelaide, and for his skill as a violinist the youthful aspirant for musical fame will certainly have to remember with gratitude, although he cannot requite, the care of his able instructor, the late Mr. [S. W.] Wallace, formerly musical professor of this city, and a brother of the still more distinguished English professor [William Vincent Wallace].

"MASTER R. B. WHITE", Adelaide Observer (23 July 1853), 5 

We have much pleasure in stating that this promising youth underwent with great credit an examination in music on the 24th March, in presence of Professor C. Potter and the Rev. W. W. Cazalet, M.A., from whom he received a very gratifying encomium, and was admitted a student of the Royal Academy of Music. A letter from the yonng South Australian to his father, Mr. George White of this city, is couched in the most grateful and gratifying terms.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 February 1858), 1

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (21 January 1859), 1

[News]: "ADELAIDE, THURSDAY", The Argus (5 July 1872), 5

"MR. R. B. WHITE", South Australian Register (13 July 1872), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1885), 4-5

"DEATH OF TWO OLD COLONISTS", South Australian Register (3 September 1888), 2s

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6

WHITE, William (William WHITE; Bill WHITE; Mr. W. H. WHITE; M. W. WHITE; W. W. WHITE)

Violinist (New York Serenaders, 1851), banjo player, tenor vocalist (Rainer's Serenaders, 1853)

? Born Philadelphia, ?
Arrived George Town, near Launceston, TAS, 26 February 1851 (per Spartan, from California, via Tahiti)
Departed (1) Fremantle, WA, 10 December (per Royal Saxon, for Calcutta)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July) Departed (2) VIC, ? after June 1861 (for NZ)
Died Dunedin, Otago, NZ, 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


It is not entirely certain that the "W. White", violinist, who arrived with the New York Serenaders in 1851 was the same person as the "W. White" (also "M. W. White"), tenor singer, who arrived with Rainer's Serenaders in 1853. Wittman 2010 appears to assume that he was; and, for the time being, I will also.


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

On this occasion the selection from the overture of "La Figlia" and "The Bohemian Girl", afforded the leading instrumentalists, Messrs. White and Pierce, an opportunity for displaying their talents. Mr. White's execution on the violin was faultless; his part was played with infinite skill, taste, and feeling.

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (15 November 1851), 3

Mr. White, who, we believe, possesses the absorbing but quiet enthusiasm for music, is a violinist of high order. His play is not less remarkable for extraordinary volume and power, than for sweetness, and oiliness of touch.

"SHIPWRECK OF BOLEY'S MINSTRELS", Otago Daily Times (15 August 1862), Page 5 

. . . From another source we learn that "Robson and White (not W. W. White of Rainer's Serenaders) succeeded in getting on shore by swimming half a mile, and that the latter died a few week afterwards" . . .

[News], Otago Daily Times (30 October 1863), 4

We were informed yesterday of the death of a vocal and instrumental performer, whose name as Bill White of Rainer's Serenaders was a household word throughout Australia, when that troupe was in the height of its successful career in the colonies. Mr. White was styled the original Ben Bolt, as being the person who first introduced that popular melody to audiences south of the line. He was possessed then of an excellent tenor voice, and was perhaps the most popular member of the once celebrated band of Reiner. He was a man of good address and gentlemanly exterior in the times we speak of, and was a welcome guest at the houses of the wealthiest when the fame of the serenaders, as the initiators of negro minstrelsy, was in its zenith. About three or four years ago, Mr. White met with an accident, by which his leg was broken, and therefrom it would seem, his downfall was dated. The fracture was not properly set, and handsome White, like Byron, was ashamed of his leg, and wounded vanity sought consolation in the punch bowl. Step by step he descended the professional ladder, until he was glad to earn a bare subsistence and a few nobblers at the rowdiest free and easies. Many persons who read this will be carried back by old recollections, to that period when Rainer's Serenaders were all the rage, and Bill White was the Beau Brummel of the colonial stage.

"THE FIRST MINSTREL TROUPE IN AUSTRALIA", The New York Clipper (8 March 1873), 1 

. . . I allude to Rainer's Serenaders . . . Bill White, the tenor, was a tip-top singer, as well a handsome young fellow, and caused a great sensation among the belles of Melbourne . . . Bill White met with an accident by which his knee was injured, and he continued a cripple to the day of his death, which occured in Dunstan [? Dunedin], province of Otago, New Zealand, about seven years ago. Poor Bill never saw his native Philadelphia again . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Wittman 2010, Empire of culture, 23, 51, 67 (DIGITISED)


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Former drum major (28th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1836

See also Band of the 28th Regiment


[News], The Sydney Herald (6 October 1836), 3

Mr. George Whitley, formerly drum major of His Majesty's 28th Regiment, has received the appointment of assistant-superintendent of the hulk Phoenix, in the place of Mr. Keele, appointed keeper of the house of correction and debtors' prison.


Serpent player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

. . . there is scarcely a performer in their masterly Band who is not competent to play a solo in a respectable style on his peculiar instrument. Their bass instruments are of the first description, for in addition to the Bassoons, the Serpent, and last though not least the Ophecleide . . . they have also the Bombardone . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . . Bassoons - Messrs. Hill, Davidson, McGuiness; Serpents - Messrs. Fowler, Whittaker; Trombones - Messrs. McLaughlin, Leo, Ennis . . .


See Giovanni VITELLI

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