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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bra-Bz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this :

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bra-Bz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 3 February 2023

- B - ( Bra - Bz ) -


Amateur musician, musical amateur, member and secretary, Cecilian Society, carpenter, builder, architect

Born UK, c. 1802/03
Married Anne DISTIN (1802-1837), Totnes, Devon, England, 24 June 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, mid 1824 (free per Aguilar, from England, 3 September, via Hobart Town, 4 February 1824)
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 February 1868, aged "65" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 February 1824), 2 

On Wednesday, the 4th instant, the ships William Shand, Captain Kenn, and Aguilar, Captain Watson, arrived at Hobart Town, from England, with merchandize and passengers. The latter left England on the 3d of September; and the former on the 20th of October. The following is the list of passengers, per the Aguilar: . . . Mr. and Mrs. Bradridge . . .

NSW census, November 1828; State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

Bradridge William / 27 / Came Free / Aguila / 1823 [sic] / Protestant / Superintendent [of] Govt. Carpenters / Castlereagh St. / Sydney
Anne / 27 / Came Free / Aguila / 1823 [sic] // William / 3 // Mary / 4 mnths [both born in colony]

"THE CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (16 February 1841), 3

In consequence of a requisition from the leading members of this institution, a public meeting was held on Friday, in the society's temporary concert rooms, when after the report had been read, the following resolutions were moved, seconded, and adopted by the meeting:
1. That the report of the committee now read be adopted and received by the meeting.
2. That as the expenses at present incurred in carrying on the operations of this society considerably exceed its income, some other arrangement with regard to performing members is imperatively called for. The committee therefore earnestly and respectfully urge all those persons possessed of musical talents, and who are anxious for the promotion of so delightful a science, to come forward and support this society with their abilities at a time when it so much requires their aid.
3. That as the operations of this society are much impeded by the irregular attendance of the members of the committee, that it shall be a standing rule of this society that any member of the committee absenting himself for three nights consecutively shall be ineligible for re-election.
4. That the thanks of this meeting he presented to the Right Reverend Dr. Polding, through the Rev. Francis Murphy, for his kindness in allowing the use of the Catholic school room to the society, and for his uniform kindness in furthering the interests of the society upon every occasion which presented itself.
5. That the thanks of this meeting be given to the gentlemen and officers of the committee for their very efficient services during the last meeting, and that the following gentlemen be requested to act for the ensuing year, namely,
Mr. W. E. Rogers, treasurer; Mr. Joseph Levien, secretary; committee - Messrs. Bradridge, Thomson, Le Britton, Barnett, James Johnson, Leggatt, Greville, Challis, Tomlins, and R. Johnson.
6. That the thanks of this meeting be tendered to the chairman for his kind attention to the business of the meeting.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Bede Polding (Catholic bishop, musical amateur); William Edward Rogers (member); Joseph Levien (member); James Johnson (member); Thomas Leggatt (member); Richard Johnson (member); Cecilian Society (association)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (23 March 1841), 3 

The Cecilian Society's next Concert will take place on FRIDAY EVENING, 26th instant.

In consequence of the Band of the 28th Regiment being engaged at the Australian Club-house on Friday Evening next, the Society's Concert is unavoidably postponed until the Friday Evening following, the 6th of August next.
(Signed) WM. BRADRIDGE, Honorary Secretary. July 28th, 1841.

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 28th Regiment (military)

"THE CICILIAN SOCIETY" [sic], The Sydney Herald (6 August 1841), 2

The lovers of music will have an opportunity of hearing the monthly concert of the Cicilian Society to-night, in the Old Court House Castlereagh-street, provided they secure tickets by applying to Mr. Braderidge, the Secretary, or through one of the members.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (6 August 1841), 3 

THE Concert of this SOCIETY, takes place in the Old Court Hosue, Castlereagh-street, THIS EVENING.
Tickets may be had of the Secretary through a Member.
WILLIAM BRADRIDGE, Honorary Secretary.
Druitt-street. August 5th, 1841.

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 November 1841), 3 

NOTICE. - The Concert of the Cecilian Society is unavoidably postponed from Friday, November 5, to Friday, November 12.
R. BRADRIDGE [sic], Honorary Secretary.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Colonial Observer (2 September 1843), 4 

No. 897. William Bradridge of Druitt-street, Sydney, builder: debts, £1453 13s. 2d.; assets - landed property, £892 ; personal property, £194; outstanding debts, £143 10s.; balance deficiency, £224 3s. 10d.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (27 October 1843), 1406 

In the Insolvent Estate of William Bradridge, of Druitt-street, builder.
TO be sold by Auction, by MR. BLACKMAN, at the residence of the Insolvent, Druitt-street, Sydney,
on Friday, the 27th instant, at 12 o'clock precisely, by order of the Trustee,
Household furniture, musical instruments, 2 watches, glass, &c. Terms - cash.

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (8 February 1851), 2 

The annual meeting of the members of this body was held in Pitt-street, on Tuesday evening . . . In the absence of the Secretary, Mr. Cape read the annual report, which stated that . . . The classes of music, drawing, mutual instruction, and mathematics, were prospering . . . Mr. Kemp, in moving the adoption of the report, said he was sorry that the number of members had not increased, and also that the attendance on the present occasion was so limited. He also spoke of tbe advantage whioh this Institution would confer on the youth of the colony, more especially in the drawing and mathematical classes. Mr. A. Gravely seconded the motion for the adoption. Mr. Bradridge was of opinion that the music class, under proper regulations, would pay its own expenses . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Arthur Gravely (musical amateur)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1868), 1

On the 18th instant, Mr. WILLIAM BRADRIDGE, aged 65 years.


Interior of St. James Church, Sydney, 1831, William Bradridge; National Library of Australia

"Interior of St. James Church, Sydney, 1831 drawn by Wm. Bradridge, Sen. Archt"; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

William Bradridge, Biographical database of Australia (PAYWALL)

Jen Willets, "William Bradridge", Hunter Valley Settlers, Free settler or felon?

BRADY, John Vizey (John BRADY; John Vizey BRADY)

Musician, music copyist, bugler, bugle major, butcher, licenced victualler, publican, former soldier

Born ? India, 1817
Married Susan ROBINSON (d. 1895), India, by c. 1847
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856 or earlier
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 3 March 1876, aged "58 years 4 months" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? "EMBEZZLEMENT", Freeman's Journal [Sydney, NSW] (18 December 1851), 10 

William Shepherd, was on Thursday last, committed for embezzling certain sums of money, the property of his employer Mr. Brady, butcher, of Woolloomooloo, paid him by his master's customers.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", Empire (3 October 1861), 8 

John Brady, of Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, butcher, at present out of business.
Liabilities, £49 6s. Assets - value of personal property, £5. Deficit, £44 6s.
Mr. J. P. Mackenzie, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1862), 1 

JOHN BRADY. Music Copyist, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo. Copyist to the Orpheonist Society.

ASSOCIATIONS: Orpheonist Society (association); until early that same month, T. Gallagher had advertised as music copyist to the society

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1862), 1

JOHN BRADY, Music Copyist, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, copyist to the Orpheonist Society.
All music copied with neatness, cheapness, and dispatch.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1862), 1

JOHN BRADY, Music Copyist, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo.
MUSIC copied with neatness, cheapness, and dispatch.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1864), 10 

JOHN BRADY, MUSIC Copyist, Bay-street Woolloomooloo. Music copied with neatness, cheapness, and dispatch.

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1868), 8 

The Friends of Mr. JOHN BRADY (bugler to the Volunteer Rifles) are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his late beloved Daughter, SUSAN;
the procession to move from his residence, No. 8, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, THIS (Tuesday) AFTERNOON, at a quarter before 3 o'clock.
JOHN HILL and SON, Undertakers, William and Riley streets.

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1874), 8 

THE FRIENDS of Bugle-Major JOHN BRADY, of the Volunteer Force, are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his late beloved SON, Joshua;
to move from Brady's Family Hotel, Bourke and Bay streets, Woolloomooloo, THIS (Wednesday) AFTERNOON, at 2 o'clock, for the Necropolis.
J. and G. SHYING and CO.

[Several advertisements], Evening News (4 March 1876), 1 

FUNERAL. - The Friends of the late Bugle Major, JOHN VIZEY BRADY, are respectfully invited to attend his funeral . . .

[No.35.] Brigade Office, Sydney, 4th March, 1875 [sic].
In announcing the decease of the late Bugle-Major John Brady, of the Permanent Staff,
the Commandant is pleased to approve of his remains being interred with military honours,
and invites the attendance of Volunteers of all arms to his funeral, which will move from his his late residence,
Brady's Family Hotel, corner of Bay and Bourke-streets, Woolloomooloo, at 1.30 p.m. TO-MORROW (Sunday).
The non-commissioned officers of the permanent staff will attend.
By Command, W. B. B. CHRISTIE, Major. Major of Brigade.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1876), 1 

BRADY. - March 3, at his residence, Brady's Family Hotel, Bay and Bourke streets, Woolloomooloo, John Vizey Brady, bugle-major to the Permanent and Volunteer Forces of New South Wales, after a lingering illness, which he bore with Christian fortitude, leaving an affectionate wife, 10 children and 7 grand-children to mourn their loss; aged 58 years and 4 months.

"Military Funerals", Evening News (6 March 1876), 2 

Yesterday afternoon the remains of Mr. J. V. Brady, bugle-major of the volunteer force, were interred at Haslem's Creek cemetery with military honors. The military party consisted of about 300 men of the permanent and volunteer forces, and the volunteer brigade band. Several officers of the permanent staff were likewise present. The firing parly consisted of a detachment from the 1st regt. rifles. The cortege left the deceased's late residence at Woolloomooloo, and proceeded to the railway station by way of George-street, and the only thing that went to interfere with the good conduct of the funeral was the disorganized movement of the men in the ranks. The interment was conducted in the usual military style. The remains of Mr. W. Cooper, bugler 3rd Co., 1st regt. rifles, were likewise interred with military honors at Haslem's Creek cemetery, yesterday afternoon . . .

Bibliography and resources:

John Vizey Brady, WikiTree 

BRADY, Mary Ann (Mary Ann BRADY; Miss BRADY; Mrs. Robert Albert NEWMAN)

Musician, vocalist, pianist

Born Sydney, NSW, 29 October 1841; baptised St. Lawrence, Sydney, 30 November 1841; daughter of William BRADY (1808-1870) and Mary Ann CURRAN (1817-1883)
Married Robert Albert NEWMAN (c. 1837-1930), St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 16 September 1863
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 5 December 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRADY, Matilda Jane (Matilda Jane BRADY; Miss M. BRADY; Mrs. Rowland Mansfield SHELLEY)

Musician, vocalist, pianist

Born Sydney, NSW, 18 January 1844; baptised St. Lawrence, Sydney, 28 May 1844; daughter of William BRADY (1808-1870) and Mary Ann CURRAN (1817-1883)
Married Rowland Mansfield SHELLEY (1847-1932), St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 5 September 1871
Died Mosman, NSW, 4 August 1934, aged "89" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, St. Lawrence, Sydney, 1841; Australia, births and baptisms database (PAYWALL)

30 November 1841 / Born 29 October 1841 / Mary Ann / [daughter of] William [and] Mary Ann / Brady

ASSOCIATIONS: William Brady, a native of the colony, married his second wife, Mary Ann Curran, at St. Andrew's Scots church, Sydney, on 12 July 1841; see "MARRIED", The Australian (13 July 1841), 2 

Baptisms, St. Lawrence, Sydney, 1844; Australia, births and baptisms database (PAYWALL)

28 May 1844 / Born 18 January [sic, April] 1844 / Matilda Jane / [daughter of] William [and] Mary Ann / Brady

"UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL", Empire (6 July 1859), 5

The third general rehearsal was held at the Castlereagh-street room, on Saturday afternoon, and was well attended . . . The oratorio of "the Creation" was very satisfactorily rehearsed on Saturday; the execution of this music shows a much greater degree of perfection than the more intricate score of the "Messiah." More care is requisite on the part of the wind instruments; we trust that the players (military) will have some tangible prospect of reward to stimulate their efforts. Miss Brady is announced to take part in the Festival; this is one of the young ladies whose voice and vocal powers told with such effect in the concerts of the Vocal Harmonic Society . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sydney University Musical Festival (event); Band of the 12th Regiment (military); Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society (association); Old Court House (Castlereagh-street)

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. FIRST DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1859), 4

YESTERDAY afternoon commenced the long expected series of grand musical performances collectively termed a "Festival," and held in celebration of the opening of the Hall of the Sydney University . . . The following artists, engaged by the general committee of direction, were grouped in front of and beside the organ - Conductor, Mr. L. H. Lavenu, principal soprani, Mrs. Testar (of Melbourne), Madame Carandini, and Mrs. St. John Adcock; the lady amateurs, of the same class of vocalists, being Miss Brady (a native of this colony), Miss Nina Spagnoletti, Miss Adcock, and Miss Howson . . . So much has been heard, and written, and read, of late, respecting Handel's sublime and popular masterpiece - "The Messiah" - so ably rendered on this occasion (and to be repeated again next Friday), that it seems almost unnecessary here to enter upon any particular analysis of its beauties . . . The only part sung by Miss Brady - the young amateur vocalist, whose talent has recently attracted so much attention and unaffected interest - was the air "If God be with us." This we regretted in common, as it seemed, with many others who greeted her with very cordial applause. She sang well, very well, but we think was have heard her sing better when unimpressed by the presence of so vast and so imposing an assemblage. The concluding chorus was very finely rendered. The oratorio lasted for nearly four hours, and appeared to give general gratification.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Maria Carandini (voclaist); Marianne and Marion Adcock (vocalists, mother and daughter); Nina Spagnoletti (vocalist); Emma Howson (vocalist)

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. SECOND DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1859), 5

THE second of a series of grand musical entertainments in celebration of the opening of the hall of the Sydney University, took place yesterday when Haydn's Oratorio of "The Creation" was performed . . . Mr. Waller, who did not sing - except in chorus until the third part, sustained with remarkable ability his part in the exquisite duetts expressing the simple piety and happy innocence of our first parents. In the first of these duetts, the soprano part was sung by Miss Brady in so enchanting a manner, as to stimulate in an unmistakeable manner, the desire of the audience for a repetition of the enjoyment she afforded - a desire which was not, however, to be gratified . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Waller (vocalist)


. . . Miss Brady was encored in the ballad, "Tears of my Dreams," for which she substituted the popular ballad "Ever of Thee." Both were sweetly and unaffectedly delivered . . .

MUSIC: Ever of thee (Foley Hall)

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7

Sir, - In reference to Miss Brady, the amateur, who appeared at the recent Musical Festival at our University, and in whose praise a whole chorus of eulogy has been sung, you will perhaps permit me to contradict a rumour, totally without foundation, that has gained ground, viz., that my daughter is and has been the protege of that excellent musician and worthy man, John Hubert Plunkett, Esq. A father's feelings, as well as a father's social vanity, may be pardoned in such an account in claiming his own. My child, since her birth, has never been from under my roof, nor from under my immediate supervision. Her musical education has been also strictly of an equally private nature, and whatever innate genius she may possess in histrionic art acquired, will ever be combined to assist in the appeals of charity, or the development of taste.
W. BRADY. July 28.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hubert Plunkett (musical amateur)


THE extra concert, on Saturday afternoon was well attended . . . The first part consisted of SACRED MUSIC . . . The rest of the music found very worthy representatives in Miss Brady and Mr. Waller . . . We sincerely hope that Miss Brady will take the enthusiastic plaudits bestowed on her cum grano salis, partially on account of her nationality - that she may not be led to consider intense study and application as unnecessary, With these, she may become, a songstress of which Sydney and Australia may, one day have reason to be proud . . . The second part of .the Concert was devoted to SECULAR MUSIC . . . Mr. Waller was enthusiastically encored in Rossini's "Largo al Factotum," (Barbiere) . . . Miss Brady was likewise encored in Mendelssohn's ballad, "The Garland," and sang as a substitute "Who shall be fairest" . . .

MUSIC: The garland (Mendelssohn); Who shall be fairest (Frank Mori)

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. EXTRA CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1859), 5 

A Miscellaneous concert was given by the University Festival Committee on Saturday afternoon, in the hall of the University . . . The first part of the concert, which consisted of sacred pieces, opened with the beautiful duett from "The Creation" - "By Thee with bliss" - scarcely the most appropriate for a commencement, as much of its effect in the oratorio rests upon the position it occupies in the grand drama. It is a duett which will always be heard, when well sung, with increasing delight, but to be adequately appreciated it ought to be preceded by the tenor recitative, "In rosy mantle appears," in which the angel introduces "the blessed pair, where hand in hand they go; their glowing looks express the thanks that swell their grateful hearts." It was a bold conception, to write and harmonise the first hymn sung by the newly created pair; yet how well does it represent our conception of their extasy of spontaneous joy and gratitude! Probably the circle of musical talent in Sydney could not produce two voices better adapted to the proper rendering of this duet than those who have performed it at these concerts; the deep, powerful bass of Mr. Waller realising the idea of manly dignity and power, and the sweet, rich soprano of Miss Brady, conveying that of feminine grace and purity. The duet was admirably sung - the expression given to the words "so great, so wonderful," representing the wrapt admiration of the one echoed, and, as it were, simultaneously shared in by the other . . . The air, "He shall feed His flock," was sung by Miss Brady with remarkable taste and feeling . . . Prolonged applause was bestowed upon Miss Brady's song "The Garland," and as an encore she gave "Who shall be dearest" [sic] . . .


THE Festival which was so worthily ushered in on Monday the 18th of July, by the University Commemoration, and the daily progress of which we duly chronicled, is of so important a character, - let us hope so beneficial in its results, that it demands a prominent place in our European Summary. The first Musical Festival in Australia, of so modest an origin, of so rapid growth, of so successful and almost unexpected a maturity, claims the attention of every one who has at heart the welfare of the human kind, and its moral elevation . . . Considerable sensation has been produced by the appearance of Miss Brady as a public vocalist of Australia. This plant of native growth possesses a rich mezzo-soprano voice of extraordinary quality, bell-like and pure in tone. With care this lady, who is still very young, may prove a great artist . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (30 August 1859), 4 

The Exchange Rooms were crowded with a fashionable audience last evening, on the occasion of the Society's second Concert for the present [season] . . . More than 800 persons must have been present. A very judicious arrangement has been effected, with regard to the entertainments - a junction with the Vocal Harmonic Society, - thus avoiding every appearance of opposition between the two musical unions of Sydney . . . Miss Brady next sang the song "Farewell, ye limpid streams," from Handel's "Jephtha," - this was undoubtedly the gem of the evening. The clear, pure tone of voice, the enunciation, caused a unanimous encore, the only one of the evening. The effect was refreshing; but whilst awarding this praise to the fair vocalist, we hope that she will not be led away by a too warmly expressed adulation, to neglect study, a great necessity at the present stage of Miss Brady's advancement . . . Mr. John Deane conducted, and Mr. Cordner presided at the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Deane (conductor); William John Cordner (pianist, accompanist); Sydney Philharmonic Society (association); Exchange Hall (Sydney venue)

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (16 September 1859), 8 

Pursuing the plan that has been hitherto adopted with so great success, the society gave their fourth sacred concort last evening, at the Castlereagh-street School-room, by the performance of the first half of Handel's "Judas Maccabaeus," a work which for choral effects may be reckoned as one of the composer's greatest productions . . . The duett, "Come, ever smiling liberty," was effectively executed by Miss Brady and Mrs. Cordner, the concluding notes slightly out of tune . . . The gems of the evening were "Arm, arm, ye brave," by a gentleman amateur, - sung with great expression and clearness of voice, - and Miss Brady's execution of "From Mighty Kings," which was loudly applauded even during the performance of the air. In this piece the exquisite clearness of Miss Brady's voice told with great effect. Mr. W. J. Cordner conducted, and Mr. Packer accompanied at the organ with his usual consummate ability . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Ellen Cordner (vocalist); Charles Sandys Packer (organist, accompanist)

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1859), 5 

The fifth sacred concert of the above society took place yesterday evening at the schoolroom in Castlereagh-street, when the greater portion of Handel's oratorio, "Judas Maccabeus," was performed . . . Four airs and recitatives were sung by Miss Brady in a manner well calculated to sustain the fair reputation she has acquired at these concerts. It would be difficult to say in which of the pieces she excelled, but her performance of the beautiful but difficult air, "So shall the lute and harp awake," seemed the most generally admired . . .

[News], Empire (29 October 1859), 4 

The execution of the first portion of Handel's oratorio of "Judas Maccabaeus," at the fourth concert of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society, though exceedingly creditable, scarcely warranted the expectation or the superiority arrived at on the occasion of the fifth concert, held on Thursday evening, when, with the exception or one or two trifling omissions, the whole of this grand oratorio was performed . . . the first piece worthy of notice being the "Pious Orgies" of Miss Brady, in which her clear voice resounded with exquisite clearness and purity . . . Miss Brady and an amateur (we believe her sister) sang the next duet very sweetly. The debutante, though nervous, showed great musical capabilities, and possesses a very sweet voice . . . Equally well sung was the duet "O lovely [peace]," between Mrs. Cordner and Miss Brady . . .

[News], Empire (26 November 1859), 4 

The most crowded audience we have witnessed in a Sydney concert room, attended the Exchange last evening, on the occasion of the benefit given to the vocalist, Mr. J. R. Black. It may well be said that all the rank and fashion of Sydney were present, including the highest authorities of the Government, and the various departments of official life. The entertainment was worthy of the high patronage. In additionito Mr. Black's remarkably pleasing and well executed vocal effusions, which have gradually become known and appreciated in Sydney, Miss Brady, Mrs. Cordner, and Mr. Waller contributed to render the concert one of the most attractive that has long been given here. The first part of the entertainment comprised Glover's duet, "The Wind and the Harp," very sweetly executed by the two lady vocalists; a song by Mr. Waller was well received, and considerable applause followed Miss Brady's execution of Zeiller's "Recollections," with violoncello obligato by Mr. E. Deane, though it was scarcely so well rendered as we have heard Miss Brady sing it - the upper notes of the voice being rather flat. The trio, "Tell me not," by Dr. Mainzer (the well known German originator of the Hullah system of vocalisation), was chastely and smoothly sung by the Misses Brady and Mrs. Cordner; it is a gem full of harmony.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Reddie Black (vocalist); Edward Smith Deane (cello)

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1859), 8 

The sixth sacred concert (the last of the season) in connection with the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society, took place last night, at the schoolroom, Castlereagh-street, at which Handel's oratorio of The Messiah was produced, the recitatives and airs being rendered by Miss Brady, Mrs. Cordner, Mr. Waller, and several other amateurs . . . the room being crowded in every part. Miss Brady, Mrs. Cordner, and Mr. Waller, were in first-rate voice, and listened to with feelings of the liveliest satisfaction . . . Miss Brady's singing in "But thou didst not," and in the exquisitely beautiful and well-known air of "I know that my Redeemer liveth," was beyond all praise . . .

"MR. CORDNER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1859), 5 

A miscellaneous vocal concert, under the direction of Mr. Cordner, came off last night, in the hall of the Exchange, and proved an appropriate conclusion to the many excellent musical entertainments which the public have enjoyed during the year now drawing to a close . . . The air "Holy, Holy," and the chorus "Blessing, Honour," from Sphor's "Last Judgment," were then given, the air being rendered by Miss Brady, with her accustomed ease and purity of expression. This young lady's subsequent execution of the exquisite but difficult air "With verdure clad," from the "Creation," was splendid, and was an admirable rendering of music which pictures the glories of the field as they first delighted the "ravished sense," in notes as charming as the odours and colours of the "flowers sweet and gay" . . . Glover's Duet - "The Star and the Flower" was exquisitely sung by Miss Brady and Mrs. Cordner . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1860), 8 

VOCAL MUSIC - Miss BRADY is desirous of receiving a limited number of young Ladies to instruct in the elements of Class Singing.
Terms, &c., may be known from Miss B., 4, Belgrave terrace, Darlinghurst.

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1860), 5 

The first concert of the season of this society was given last evening in the Infant Schoolroom, Castlereagh-street. The oratorio selected for the occasion was Mendelssohn's magnificent production "Elijah," the programme consisting of the whole of the first patt of the oratorio, with the opening air and chorus of the second part. The chief weight of the music fell upon Mr. Waller . . . Miss Brady was loudly applauded in the air, "Hear, ye Israel;" but it seems to us that we have heard this lady much happier in her efforts than she was last night . . .

[News], Empire (23 March 1860), 5 

. . . A quartet of angels sing, "Cast thy burden on the Lord," which was charmingly executed by Miss Brady, junior, Mrs. Cordner, and two well-known gentlemen amateurs. This was most undoubtedly the gem of the evening, and with a little more piano at the finale, and the sostenuto better kept up, would have been perfect . . .

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1860), 4 

The second and last representation of the Oratorio of "Elijah" took place yesterday evening, at the school room, Castlereagh street. The room was comfortably filled . . . The principal lady singers, Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Cordner, Miss Brady, and Miss M. Brady were in excellent voice . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Flora Harris (vocaist)

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (7 July 1860), 4 

. . . Miss Brady sang the solo, "Hear ye, Israel," with great purity and sweetness. She seems evidently to be regaining her voice, which had at some previous concerts fallen off. A little more spirit would be advantageous, and the removal of a peculiar sway of the body . . .

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (3 August 1860), 4 

THE repetition of the third concert for this season - "Haydn's Creation" - for the second half of the subscribers, was not so fully attended as is usually the case at these oratorio concerts, owing, possibly, to the threatening state of the weather . . . . Two amateurs made their debut (we believe) as solo singers of the society at this third concert, and supported the bass parts of Raphael and Adam with very good taste and correctness of execution. Miss M. Brady, whom we may likewise place amongst the amateurs, is making progress; she has a pleasing voice, which, when cultivated, will do good service. Miss Brady has likewise recovered her voice, which was for some time under a passing cloud; and this pleasing songstress will soon acquire the power of an accomplished vocalist . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1860), 4 

A grand concert was given last night in the Hall of St. Mary s Seminary, under the patronage of his Grace the Archbishop, in aid of the choir fund of St. Mary's Cathedral. The night was very wet dark, and unpleasant, but despite these drawbacks, there was a large attendance, several priests from the country being amongst the number. The concert was divided into two parts, the first consisting of sacred, and the second part of secular music. The sacred part, opened with the chorale of Bertini, "Tantum Ergo," which was smoothly sung and well in time . . . "Ave Maria" was admirably sung by Miss E. Howson, after which a motett, "Confirma hoc Deus," a quaint piece of music in the old church style, was rendered in a very happy manner by Miss Brady, Mrs. Bridson, Mrs. Cordner and Messrs. Ellard and Howson. Then followed selections from [Rossini's] Stabat Mater, of which the gem was the duet, "Quis est homo," sung by Miss Brady and Mrs. Cordner. The voices of these ladies were in perfect accord and blended together most harmoniously. The piece narrowly escaped an encore . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma Howson (vocalist); Sarah Bridson (vocalist); Frank Howson (vocalist); Frederick Ellard (vocalist); St. Mary's cathedral (Sydney)

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1860), 5 

Yesterday evening, the first part of Mendelssohn's oratorio, "St. Paul," was performed in the Castlereagh-street schoolroom, by the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society. There waa a numerous attendance of visitors . . . The exquisite soprano air, "Jerusalem! Jerusalem!" was the only solo sung by Miss Brady, and was given with her accustomed case and correctness, but was deficient in that plaintive sympathetic expression which is essential to its proper delivery . . .

"NEWTOWN CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1860), 8 

The sacred concert at St. Stephen's schoolroom, at Newtown, on Wednesday last, was a decided success, taken either as a performance or, as we hope, financially - the room being filled to overflowing by a highly respectable audience, and whom but for the close proximity to the church would have given much more enthusiastic demonstrations of their gratification. A large muster of leading members of our various musical societies in the city gave their gratuitous assistance, and were very effective in the choruses, under the skilful conduct of Mr. Packer. We have not space to go into details of the various pieces, the whole being excellent; but we should be committing an act of injustice if we did not particularise Miss Brady's exquisite rendering of "Eve's Lamentation," by King, and a lovely gem of Glover's by a young lady amateur - "Thy will be done; " to say they both pleased the ear would be superfluous - they went direct to the heart, and still linger on the memory of all those who had the gratification of being present . . .

MUSIC: Eve's lamentation (Matthew Peter King)

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1860), 9 

The sixth, and last subscription concert of this institution, for the present year, took place last night, at the schoolroom, Castlereagh-street. The concert was very numerously attended, by a very attentive and discerning audience. The selections were entirely from Handel's oratorio, "The Messiah." The musical arrangements were under the direction of Mr. Packer, as organist, and Mr. Cordner as conductor . . . We have last to notice the performance of one who must be called the star of the night (Miss Brady). The only complaint we have against her is that she had so much to do, and was so evidently suffering under severe indisposition, that it made us pity almost as much as we admired. Everything she sang, however, was delightful. The touching and solemn air, "How beautiful [are] the feet," seemed to create a deep sensation among the audience. The rendering of the air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth," was similarly received. The final air, "If God for us," was also finely and energetically sung. Miss Brady wants only a little cultivation in the poetry of music, as well as its mechanism, to make her the best and purest interpreter of sacred music this colony has ever produced. Her great natural gifts in everything, give promise that she will take this place ere long . . .

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (29 December 1860), 1 

On Monday evening last, being Christmas Eve, the Vocal Harmonic Society gave a special performance of Handel's grand oratorio, "The Messiah." The solo vocalists were the Misses Brady, Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Cordner, Mr. F. Ellard, and Mr. Waller, all of whom fully sustained the fair reputation they have acquired in their several styles of singing . . .

"MUSICAL", Empire (25 February 1861), 4 

BREVITY having necessarily characterised our notice of the last Philharmonic concert, we are desirous of adding a few remarks in accordance with the then expressed intention . . . One of the most lovely vocal beauties was Packer's "O'er the far Mountain," a trio from the opera of "Sadak and Kalasrade;" it was sung by Mrs. Bridson, Miss M. Brady, and a gentleman amateur, with feeling, but wanting a little more practice. The grace of the melody, and the richness of the harmonies of this piece create in us the desire to hear mora of this opera . . .

MUSIC: O'er the far mountain (Charles Sandys Packer, from Sadak and Kalasrade)

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1861), 5 

We had the pleasure yesterday evening of attending the final rehearsal of the oratorio of Elijah, which is to be performed on Thursday evening, in the new Freemasons' Hall, in Clarence-street. All our musical readers are aware of the high musical ability displayed by the members of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society. It is small praise to say that there never was in this colony a body of amateur musicians that approached to thom either in numbers or excellence of execution. Under their talented conductor Mr. Cordner they have performed many oratorios in this city in a manner which would do no discredit to any provincial choir in England . . . Mr. "=Waller is to take the part of the "Prophet" . . . Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Bridson, and Miss M. Brady are also among the solo performers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Freemasons' Hall (Sydney venue)

"M. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1862), 5 

A complimentary concert to M. Boulanger was given yesterday evening, at the Masonic Hall, in York-street . . . No artist who has ever appeared before a Sydney audience has exhibited more consummate skill as a pianist . . . Variety was given to the concert by some songs from Mrs. Cordner and the Misses Brady, who sang with much taste and sweetness . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Boulanger (pianist)

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", Empire (12 March 1862), 4 

Last evening Mr. Brooks, the celebrated harpist, gave a concert at the Masonic Hall, York-street, which was extremely well attended. The concert was under the patronage of Sir John Young and Lady Young, Lady Young and Lord and Lady Taylour honoured the concert with their attendance. The performances commenced by Miss Brady singing the exquisite German Song, by Karl Krebs, "Smile, and I'll sing to thee," with the utmost purity of tone and delicacy of intonation, although the slowness of the time in which it was sung deprived it of some portion of that freshness and crispness which would otherwise have been exhibited . . . Miss Brady sang in a very pleasing manner the delightful song "The bird and maiden," accompanied by Mr. Richardson, who played a charming obligato on the flute. Glover's duett "The wind and harp" was sung by the Misses Brady, and deservedly encored . . . Mr. Cordner presided with his usual ability at the pianoforte.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas H. Brooks (harp); John James Mallcott Richardson (flute)

[Advertisement], Empire (18 March 1862), 1 

Programme of the Concert given by Signor CESARE CUTOLO, in aid of the funds of the above Institution,
at the Masonic Hall, THIS (Tuesday) EVENING, March 18th,
assisted by Miss Brady, Miss M. Brady, a Gentleman Amateur (Mr. Waller), Mr. Sussmilch, and the Gentlemen Amateurs of the German Glee Club,
Mr. T. Brooks, Mr. Henry Marsh, the Band of H. M. 12th Regiment,

and a Lady Amateur (Mrs. H. Marsh) who has kindly consented to sing for this benevolent occasion (her first appearance).
PART I . . . 2. - Glee - "The Curfew" - Misses Brady and Mr. Waller - Attwood . . . 7. - Song - "Think of Me" - Miss Brady - Lechner (Cornet obligato - Sergeant Prince.) . . . PART II . . . 3. - Duet - "The Wind and the Harp" - The Misses Brady, accompanied on the harp by Mr. Brooks - Glover . . . Mr. Henry Marsh has consented to preside at the pianoforte.

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (pianist); Henry Marsh (accompanist); Christian Bernhard Sussmilch (vocalist); Band of the 12th Regiment (military); Henry Prince (cornet, 12th band)

MUSIC: The curfew (Thomas Attwood); The wind and the harp (Stephen Glover)

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1862), 5 

Yesterday evening Signor Cesare Cutolo's long deferred concert in aid of the funds of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, took place at the Freemasons' Hall in York-street, - a large and fashionable audience being in attendance on the occasion . . . The duet of "the Wind and the Harp" by S. Glover, merits a particular notice. It was very sweetly sung by the Misses Brady to the magic notes of the harp - Mr. Brooks playing the accompaniment . . .

NOTE: This was the last occasion on which either sister was reported appearing in Sydney as a public concert singer

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1863), 1

On the 16th instant, by special license, at St. James Church, Sydney, by the Rev. Canon Allwood, assisted by the Rev. Canon Walsh, Robert Albert, eldest son of R. W. Newman, Esq., of Waverley, to Mary Anne, daughter of William Brady, Esq., of this city.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1871), 1 

On the 5th instant, at St. James' Church, by the Rev. Canon Allwood, B.A., ROWLAND MANSFIELD, third son of the late GEORGE SHELLY, Esq., Tumut Plains, to MATILDA JANE, youngest daughter of the late WILLIAM BRADY, Esq., formerly of Belvoir House, Strawberry Hill.

"TUMUT LOCAL NEWS", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser [NSW] (16 October 1875), 2 

Through all the varied vicissitudes which go to make up the past history of Tumut society, it has ever been its good fortune to number among its members, individuals possessing musical talents of a high order. If some happy genius could bring out a musical congress, or a monster "singing bee" in the colony, then would the present lady and gentleman amateurs of Tumut have an opportunity of reaping first-class honors. Amateur concerts are becoming so much the order of the day, that there must of necessity be a certain similarity in newspaper reports of them, and persons outside the little circle where these entertainments occur are apt to regard the gracious things said of the performers as the mere courteous utterances of the local reporter; but we protest that we only speak the truth when we say the Juvenile Concert held at the Temperance Hall, on Tuesday evening last, was all we predicted it would be, exceeding even our sanguine expectations. It was, to use a trite but true expression, an unqualified success. The large audience that assembled in the hall evidently thoroughly appreciated the musical treat that had been provided for them . . . Master Bertie Newman sang the song of "Please give me a penny, sir," the chorus being taken by all the children, with telling effect and with an easy grace that evinced very careful training . . . We regret that we can only give a brief record of approval to the lady and gentlemen amateurs who so kindly lent their aid to give eclat to the concert. Mrs. Newman sang the "Wood Nymph's Call" with all her characteristic spirit and vivacity, was warmly encored, and delighted the audience with "Won't you tell me why, Robin?" after which "Very suspicious" was capitally sung by Mr. and Mrs. Newman, and vociferously encored. Mrs. Newman played her own accompaniments . . .

"TUMUT NEWS [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (14 November 1879), 2 

On Monday last . . . The annual picnic given to the childron of All Saints' Anglican Church Sunday School was held in the beautiful grounds surrounding the vicarage . . . In the evening a concert, also in aid of the church funds, took place in the Odd-fellows' new hall. This, I am happy to say, was a most pronounced success . . . The solo "Moonlight Serenade," by Mrs. Newman, was faultlessly rendered as usual; afterwards this lady sweetly sung that favorite solo, "Fondly I love thee," and again appeared with Mr. Newman in the duet of "Money Matters," the rendition of which was perfect. In answer to a hearty encore Mr. and Mrs. Newman treated the audience to a similar effusion,"Love and Pride," which likewise received marked approval . . .

"TUMUT NEWS [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT] CHURCH OF ENGLAND CONCERT", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (20 August 1880), 2 

This concert, in aid of the funds of All Saints' Church Sunday-school and choir, took place on Monday evening last at the Oddfellow's Hall. Since the days of Herr Hugo Alpen's musical parties, in the old Rose Assembly Room, and Herr Sipp's pianoforte recitals in the same place, Tumut hath not lacked residents gifted with musical talents of a high order, nor a cultured public capable of appreciating their performances. In the event of a musical congress being held at the ensuing Melbourne Exhibition, the lady and gentlemen amateurs of Tumut would have a opportunity of reaping first-class honors. We have had so many good concerts here, that it would be invidious to compare Monday evening's performance with any previous event . . . Mr. R. A. Newman, in his usual happy style, sang "The women of England;" loud applause followed, and Mr. Newman rendered in like manner "Sunny days will come again" . . . I may here state that Mrs. Newman, with great taste, acted as accompanist to Mr. Newman . . . After a short interval, Locke's music for Macbeth was introduced. The first witch was represented by Mrs. Newman . . . "The happy policeman," most happily rendered by Mr. and Mrs. Newman, so worked up the audience that an encore, not to be overruled, followed, and the singers finished amid loud applause . . . Mr. R. A. Newman concluded this excellent concert with the favourite song of "Sunny New South Wales" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hugo Alpen (musician); Rudolf Sipp (pianist)

"TUMUT NEWS [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (11 November 1881), 2 

The concert at night, in aid of the building fund of All Saints' Church, was in every sense of the word a success. Tuohy's large hall was filled to the doors with an attentive and an appreciative audience. The knowledge that Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Shelley are going to take part in a concert is sufficient at all times to ensure a full house. The programme was rich with musical gems, several of the vooalists were encored, and long and hearty applause frequently resounded through the hall . . .

"TUMUT NEWS [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT] ALL SAINTS' CHURCH CONCERT", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (15 November 1881), 2 

The concert which took place in Tuohy's Hall on the Prince of Wales' birthday in aid of the building fund of All Saints' Church, was a success, and the room was well filled, on the occasion with an appreciative audience . . . The excellent trio, "Hark to the rolling drum," was sung splendidly by Mr. and Mrs. Shelley and Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Shelley's clear contralto voice being heard to great advantage . . . The duet, "Let us dance on the sands," by Mrs. Shelley and Mrs. Newman (the former lady presiding at the piano), was another gem and gave intense delight. The programme concluded with the patriotic song of "Sunny New South Wales," by Mr. Newman, who introduced several new and appropriate verses with very good effect. The audienoe, especially the New South Welshmen portion, applauded to the echo, and when the song had ended, the plaudits were prolonged until Mr. Newman reappeared, when he treated the assembly to an amusing ditty, "The lament of a love sick gardener," in whioh he bewails the perfidy of his "everlasting faithless Rose." To each song Mrs. Newman played the accompaniment . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1909), 6 

NEWMAN. - December 5, 1909, at her residence, Neutral Bay, Mary Ann, beloved wife of Robert Albert Newman.


Vocalist, actor

Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 28 October 1833 (per Lady East, from Liverpool)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 February 1834 (per Eagle, from Hobart Town, 3 February) (shareable link to this entry)


Arrivals, by the Lady East, 28 October 1833, from Liverpool; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:407331; CUS30/1/1 P312 

. . . John Braham . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (14 January 1834), 2 

Notice. G. F. LAURENT, formerly of the Lyceum Theatre, London,
respectfully informs the gentry of Hobart Town and the public in general, that he intends giving a
Grand Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on Monday, the 20th instant -
and has the pleasure to announce that he has engaged Mr. Braham, son of the celebrated Braham, of Covent Garden and Drury-lane Theatres, previous to his departure to Sydney, for one night only.
Jan. 14, 1834.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Frederick Laurent (vocalist); John Braham (English vocalist; ? related, unlikely)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (17 February 1834), 2 

From Hobart Town, same day [12 February], whence she sailed on the 3rd instant, the schooner Eagle, 107 tons, Pratt, master. Lading Sundries. Passengers, Mr. John Braham . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 3 

By Permission of His Excellency the Governor,
TO-MORROW EVENING, Tuesday, the 22d of April, 1834,
when will be performed a number or CHORUSES, GLEES, DUETS, SONGS, &c,
by Mesdames Taylor, Jones, Meredith, Downes,
and Messrs. Knowles, Meredith, Braham, Buckingham, Grove, and Taylor,
late of the Sydney Theatre, assisted by several amateurs.
[manicule] Mr. Cavendish will preside at the Piano Forte.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria and Michael Taylor (vocalists); Harriet Jones (vocalists); John and Amelia Meredith (vocalists); Mrs. Downes (vocalist); Conrad Knowles (vocalist); George Buckinham (vocalist); Daniel Parsons Grove (vocalist); William Joseph Cavendish (pianist); Theatre Royal (Sydney theatrical company, these actors, late of Sydney theatre, had temporarily parted company with the management of Barnett Levey, who had denied them theatrical benefits, thus this advertised benefit performance at a rival venue); Richard Bourke (governor); Pulteney Hotel (Sydney venue)

"THEATRICAL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 2 

On Friday evening last, the principal performers of the Sydney Theatre gave their first Concert at the Pulteney Hotel . . . Mr. Braham followed with "My Wild Guitar," which was performed in a pleasing and simple manner. Mr. B. has a fine tenor voice, but appears to want the aid of a tutor . . . "Shades of Evening" followed; after which, "Auld Lang Syne," between Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Jones, Braham, and Buckingham, (Mr. Knowles at the piano-forte) which was appreciated by the audience and encored. "God save the King," by the whole of the Company, wound up the Evening's Amusements.

MUSIC: The wild guitar (song, tune: Gramachree [The harp that once through Tara's halls])

[News], The Australian (2 May 1834), 3 

Mr. Levey has added some vocalists to his present company. A Mr. Braham and a Miss Morton are among the number, both of whom will prove acquisitions.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (23 October 1834), 4 

NOTICE. IF MICHAEL BRAHAM do not call and pay me for his Lodgings,
his Box, with Contents, will be sold to pay all Expenses, within fourteen days from this date.
SUSANNAH SEYMORE. Elizabeth-street, Race Course, October 21, 1834.

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . DEPARTURES", The Sydney Herald (13 August 1835), 2 

For Launceston, same day [10 August], the brig Martha, Captain Sanderson, with sundries. Passengers . . . and Mr. Michael Braham.

? Entrance book, Sydney Gaol, January 1836; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Mich'l Abrahams or Braham / [arrived by] Joyce [or ? Eagle] / 1834 / [born] 1808 / 5ft 4 3/4 in / Stout / . . .

? [Advertisement], The Hobart Town Advertiser (29 April 1842), 1 

IF MICHAEL BRAHAM, a Cabinet-maker, who came to this Colony or New South Wales from Calcutta, about seven years since, will apply to this Office, he will hear of something greatly to his advantage. April 24, 1842.

BRAID, John (John BRAID)

Dancing-master, professor of dancing, dance hall proprietor

Born Brighton, Sussex, England, 1827; baptised Worthing, Sussex, 9 July 1827; son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy (Sophia) POPHAM (1786-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, ? by mid 1855 or earlier (for England)
Married Mary GREENFIELD, St. Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, England, 21 October 1856
Died Brighton, Sussex, England, 8 August 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRAID, Charles (Charles BRAID)

Musician, professor of music, teacher of pianoforte and singing, dance hall proprietor, composer

Born Sussex, England, 1830; baptised Worthing, 8 March 1830; son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy Sophia POPHAM (c. 1786-1872)
Married (1) Hester BURCHELL (1817-1853), St. Peter le-Puer, Sussex, England, 8 March 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 4 December 1853 (per Great Britain, for Liverpool)
Active Brighton, Sussex, England, by November 1854
Married (2) Ann TOFTS (widow SEDGWICK) (c. 1821-1884), St. Andrew, Hove, Sussex, 28 April 1855
Died Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, 30 May 1906, aged "76/77" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Assembly+Rooms+1853-55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms in the Parish of Broadwater in the County of Sussex in the Year 1830; register 1828-39, page 32; West Sussex Record Office, Par 29/1/2/2 (PAYWALL)

No. 256 / [1830] March 8 / Charles Son of / Robert & Sophia / Braid / Worthing / Servant . . .

ASSOCIATION: Robert Braid, colour sergeant, 3rd Regiment, was pensioned aged 40 on 25 March 1817; he married his second wife, Dorothy Sophia Popham, at Brixham, Devon, on 7 December 1808

Harvest hymn of thanksgiving, by Charles Braid, Brighton, England, October 1847

"HARVEST HYMN OF THANKSGIVING", Pictorial Times (16 October 1847), 9 (PAYWALL)

WRITTEN BY W. S. PASSMORE, COMPOSED BY CHARLES BRAID ["Hail to Thee great King of Kings . . ."]

ASSOCIATIONS: William S. Passmore (author); Chapel Royal (Brighton, Sussex, England)

MUSIC: Harvest hymn of thanksgiving (complete, ONSITE PDF)

"MARRIED", Hampshire Chronicle [England] (16 November 1850), 7 (PAYWALL)

On the 8th inst, at St. Peter's le-Puer, Charles Braid, Esq. of Brighton, to Hester, youngest daughter of the late Geo. M. Burchell, Esq., Scotsland, Surrey.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette [Sussex, England] (26 December 1850), 4 (PAYWALL)

MR. CHARLES BRAID, Teacher of the Piano-forte and Singing in an eaay and improved style. -
Pupils received at Mr. B.'s residence, 90, Upper North Street, where a Quadrille Band can engaged for Balls or Evening Parties; as also at Mr. F. Wright's Music Mart, Royal Colonnade; Messrs. Cramer and Co., East Street; and Mr. Darling's, Western Road.
Mr. C. B. engages to supply all the latest Dance Music. TERMS MODERATE.

England census, 30 March 1851, The Palace, Brighton, Sussex; UK National Archives, HO107/1646/552/50 (PAYWALL)

90 Upper North St. / Charles Braid / Head / Mar. / 21 / Professor of Music / [born] Sussex Worthing
Hester [Braid] / Wife / Mar. / 26 / - / Surrey Bramley . . . [and 1 house servant]

England census, 30 March 1851, St. George, Hanover Square, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1477/13/18 (PAYWALL)

Old Barra[c]k G'd 2 Pearcy's Cottages / William Braid / Head / Unm. / 32 / Servant / [born] Sussex Brighton
John [Braid] / Brother / unm. / 25 / [Servant] / [born Sussex Brighton]

"THE WATERFALL POLKA. BY MR. CHARLES BRAID", Brighton Gazette (25 September 1851), 3 (PAYWALL)

It would be difficult to produce anything very novel in Polka compositions, after the number that have been issued. Our young townsman has tried his hand at one; and although it does not possess in great degree, because it cannot, the merit of originality, it is sparkling, cheerful, and pleasing, and does him much credit.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (27 November 1851), 4 (PAYWALL)

MR. CHARLES BRAID, Teacher of the Piano and Singing, 26, Russell Square,
begs respectfully to inform the Nobility, Gentry, and Visttors of Brighton that he has just received
all the newest DANCE MUSIC of the season (comprising Jullien, Labitzky, D'Albert, &c., &c.,) for the Soiree Dansante.
Evening Parties attended. Bands or Musicians provided on moderate terms.
Mr C. B., takes this opportunity of thanking his Patrons and Friends for past favours.
Now publishing, a Second Edition of the WATERFALL POLKA MAZOURKA. - Orders received at 36, Russell Square.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 1 (PAYWALL)

NOTICE - All persons having CLAIMS on MR. CHARLES BRAID, of 26, Russell Square, Brighton, Professor of Music, are requested to send their respective accounts on or before Saturday next, June 5th, previous to his departure for the Continent. June 2, 1852.

"MUSIC", Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 3 (PAYWALL)

THE ACACIA POLKA. By CHARLES BRAID. Published by J. Williams . . .
The race of Polkas is a seemingly endless one. Their name is legion. Ingenuity is requierd to discover even an unused title for a new one. The stars above have been ransacked till scarcely any remain unemployed, and the flowers below have been gathered, for the sake of their names for this class of compositions; and yest, in all this variety, we find a great sameness. A sparkling pretty melody, written with a certain rhythm and accent, is all that is required as a rule; and it is difficult for the memory to separate one of these from the dozens heard in the ball room and at promenade concerts. Brighton has been somewhat prolific in this class of productions; and we have now to mention "The Acacia Polka" as one deserving a place amongst the simple and pleasing of the race. It is the composition of Mr. C. Braid, a fellow townsman, who has produced a very popular work of the same school, which has just reached a second edition.

Melbourne, VIC (from 10 September 1852 to c. 1855):

Names and descriptions of passengers per John Taylor, from London, 11 June 1852, for Melbourne; Public Records Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Braid Charles / 22 / Musician
Braid [Hester] / 22 [sic]
Burchell Ruth / 23 [sic]
Braid William / 32 / Clerk
Braid John / 24 / Clerk
Braid [male child] / 7

ASSOCIATIONS: William Braid (born 1 April 1819; baptised Brighton, Sussex, 24 April 1819; died Dunedin, NZ, 15 April 1904); Ruth Burchell, born c. 1817, Hester's sister, returned to England and married Frederick Apthorp Paley at St. Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, on 31 July 1854

[2 advertisements], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (17 November 1852), 7 

MR. Charles Braid begs to annonnce that he continues to give instruction in music and singing. For terms, apply at his residence, Hanover-street, Collingwood, nearly opposite the Shepherd's Arms.
IF Edward Martin, who came out in the ship Mariner, will call on Miss Burchell, at Mr. Charles Braid's, Hanover-street, Collingwood, he will receive letters from England.

"BIRTH", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (11 December 1852), 4 

At Collingwood, on the 7th inst, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, late of Brighton, Sussex, England, of a daughter.

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Peter's Melbourne in the County of Bourke in the Year 1853; register 1848-59, page 1805; St. Peter's Eastern Hill (PAYWALL)

No. 1579 / Jan. 28 [1853] / [born] Dec. 7 1852 / Minnie [daughter of] / Charles & Hester / Braid / Collingwood / Professor of Music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Minnie died in Melbourne in 1853

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 December 1852), 8 

CALEB POWELL, from Brighton, Sussex, England, Charles Braid will be very glad to see you, at the brick cottage, nearly opposite to the Shepherd's Arms, Greaves-street, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1853), 8

MR. CHARLES BRAID begs to inform the inhabitants of Collingwood and its vicinity, that he continues to give lessons on the Pianoforte and Singing, at his residence, St. Burwell's Cottage, Smith-street, near the Shepherd's Arms. Schools and families attended. Pianos tunes. Terms . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 May 1853), 12 

MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Open every Evening from half-past Eight to half-past Eleven. Under Distinguished Patronage.
THE Proprietors of the above new and elegant rooms, beg most respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that they purpose giving a grand Opening Boll, at the above rooms, in celebration of Her Majesty's Birthday, on Tuesday evening, the 24th inst., to commence at half-past eight precisely.
In the erection and decoration of the above rooms, the proprietors have spared neither pains nor expense, and they confidently assert that for convenience and elegance they are unequalled in Melbourne or its vicinity.
The Ball Room will be under the management of a competent M. C., who will at all times use his best exertions not only to keep them highly select, but also to study the comfort and promote the amusement of those ladies and gentlemen who may favor the proprietors with their patronage.
The Refreshment Rooms will be supplied with every delicacy in the London and Paris styles, by Mr. Gregory, of Swanston-street, at moderate charges.
The Band engaged for the establishment comprises the first talent of Melbourne, and will be under the immediate direction of a well known public favorite.
Gentlemen are particularly requested to appear in appropriate costume.
Musical Director, Mr. C. Braid; Leader of the Band, Herr Prinz; Master of Ceremonies, Mr. J. Braid.
Full particulars of the opening night will be duly annourced.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Prinz (musician)

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, MELBOURNE, Russell-street, Corner of Little Collins-street.
THESE SPLENDID ROOMS will be opened every Monday and Friday, as a Select Quadrille Assembly, to commence at half-past Eight, and conclude at half-past Eleven, and on Wednesday nights.
A GRAND BALL Will be hold, which will commence at half-past Eight.
The following is the Programme for Monday Evening, May 30th, 1853.
Overture - Timour the Tartar - M. P. King.
Quadrille - Heidelberg - D'Albert.
Valse a deux temps - Fairest of the Fair - D'Albert.
Polka - Trumpet - Koenig.
Quadrille - German - Prinz.
Galope - Venetian - Strauss.
Schottische - Opera - Youens.
An interval of fifteen minutes.
Operatic Selections - Favorita - Donizetti.
Polka - Walhalla - Wade.
Quadrille - Echo - Murand.
Gallope - Grenadier Guards, by particular desire - Lardeill.
Valse - Nightingale - Lanuer.
Schottische - Parisien - Etting.
Quadrille - English - Jullien.
National Anthem.
The Public and Subscribers to the above rooms are respectfully informed, that the Band engaged by the proprietors comprises the first talent in Melbourne, which renders the dancing assemblies a place of Terpsichorean enjoyment, combined with a select Concert . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell street, corner, of Little Collins-street.
GRAND Promenade Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT,
This Evening, Saturday, June 4th.
1. Overture, full Band - Pre aux Clercs - Auber.
2. Trio - Winds gently Whisper, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock, and Mr. C. Braid - Whittaker.
3. Solo, Obea [oboe] Fantasia - Barber of Seville, Herr Blume - Rossini.
4. Duet - I think a Sailor is faithful, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Balfe.
5. Mazurka - Waterfall, Full Band - C. Braid.
6. Song - Revenge, Mr. Hancock - J. L. Hatton.
7. Ballad - O, Peaceful Lake, Mrs. Hancock - Jackson.
8. Operatic Selections, (full Band) - Lucia di Lammermoor - Donizetti.
9. National Song - England, Mr. C. Braid - S. Glover.
10. Solo, Cornet - Lucia di Lammermoor, Mr. Chapman - Donizetti.
11. Irish Song - Kathleen O' More, Mrs. Hancock - Original.
12. Emmeline Valse, (full Band) - D'Albert.
13. Duet - I've wandered in drearns - Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Wade.
14 Song - A Life on the Ocean Wave, Mr. Hancock - Russell.
15. Finale - National Anthem.
Doors open at half-past Seven, Concert to commence at Eight.
Admission, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ellen and Edward Hancock (vocalists); Herr Blume (oboe); George Chapman (cornet)

[2 advertisements], The Argus (18 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
THE proprietors of the above new and greatly admired rooms, beg to return their sincere thanks to their patrons and friends, for the kind support since their opening night, and trust that they will still continue their patronage, it being the determination of the proprietors to maintain the strictest decorum.
Their will be an Assembly every Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday evenings, to commence precisely at half-past eight, and close at half-past eleven. A Grand Ball the first Wednesday in the month, weather permitting, to commence at nine o'clock . . .

DANCING. MR. JOHN BRAID, Teacher of Dancing,
respectfully informs his pupils and friends,that the class will meet on Saturday at two, and every subsequent Wednesday and Saturday.
Any parties wishing to become efficient in the graceful art of dancing, are invited to enter their names immediately.
Terms, £3 3s per quarter. Schools and Families on liberal terms.
An adult class every Tuesday evening at eight o'clock. Braid's Melbourne Assembly Rooms. Russel-street.

"BRAIDS ASSEMBLY ROOMS", The Argus (7 July 1853), 3 

We owe an apology to the proprietors of these rooms; but we have been so overwhelmed lately by Circuses, Salles, Restaurants, Casinos, Larders, Cafes, Lectures, Bains Chauds, Music, &c. &c., that we are afraid the above establishment is not the only one that we have failed to notice. It consists of a room fifty feet in length, handsomely decorated, and well lighted. In it are assembled parties for dancing every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening. There are also music and dancing classes, and it is intended to have singing taught on the Hullah system. In addition to this, our advertising columns inform us that we are to be favored with morning and evening dramatic readings by a gentleman of whom report speaks highly, commencing with the Lady of Lyons and Hamlet. Last evening, the first of a series of monthly subscription balls was well and respectably attended, and dancing kept up with spirit till an early hour. The orchestra is powerful and good, as any person passing the neighborhood at night may hear. Any gentleman, feeling the necessity of a little harmless dissipation, should pay these rooms a visit and judge for himself.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 July 1853), 10

BRAID'S Melbourne Assembly Rooms, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Synopsis for the week:-
Monday (this) evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Tuesday evening. Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Wednesday morning, Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Thursday evening, Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Friday evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Saturday morning. Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening Mr. B. Jullien Coleman, (third reading,) will read Shakspeare's admired play, "The Merchant of Venice."
Singing Classes on the Hullah system now forming.
Private lessons in Dancing, Singing, and Piano-Forte.
CHARLES & JOHN BRAID, Proprietors,
Monday, July 18th, 1853.

ASSOCIATIONS: Barned Jullien Coleman (actor); John Hullah (English singing master)

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1853), 8 

BRAID'S Melbourne Assembly Rooms, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
The Proprietors beg to inform their friends and the public that their
second grand monthly Subscription Ball will take place this evening, August 3rd, at the above Rooms.
The following is the Programme, which contains some new and elegant dance music, composed expressly for these Rooms: -
1 Quadrille - Hungarian - Jullien
2 Polka - Bridesmaids - Jolly
3 Spanish Valse
4 Lancers
5 Schottische - Original
6 Valse - Wild Flowers - Jullien
7 Polka - Braid's Assembly - Radford
8 Quadillle - Canotier Parisienne - Bosisio
9 Schottische - Atherton
10 Galope - Flight of Haynau from Barclay and Perkins' draymen.
An interval of fifteen minutes.
11 Quadrille - Polka - Les dames de Varsovie
12 Valse a deux temps - Jullien
13 Polka - Abbotsford - Jones
14 Quadrille - Caledonian
15 Schottische - Hungarian - D'Albert
16 Valse - Lucrezia Borgia - Jullien
17 Quadrille - New - Radford
18 Polka - Argus - Ditto
19 Country Dance
20 Galope - Spirit of the Ball - D'Albert
21 National Anthem.
CHARLES & JOHN BRAID, Proprietors.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mark Radford (musician, composer)

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 August 1853), 8 

THE "Argus Polka" every Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at Braid's Rooms, Russell-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1853), 8 

NEW Music, composed by Radford, expressly for Braids' Rooms. "The Argus Polka," "Braids Assembly Polka," "Herald of Hope Valses," "Express Galope," every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening.

"THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL", The Argus (8 October 1853), 4 

IN the Legislative Council yesterday . . . . Dr. Greeves and Alderman Hodgson stood up at the end of the table and performed a sort of "set to your partner, turn round once, and take your places," in a style that would have gladdened the hearts of Professors Braid or Denning . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hodgson (member); Cornelius Peter Denning (dancing master)

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1853), 4 

On the 30th ult., at her residence, Great Collins-street, Hester, the beloved wife of Mr. Charles Braid, of Brighton, Sussex, England, in the 33rd year of her age.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 July 1854), 8 

BRAID'S Assembly Rooms, Open this Evening. Gentlemen introducing Ladies, 5s, Open at eight.
BRAID'S Grand Bal Masque on Monday next . . .

"COUNTY COURT OF BOURKE. Thursday, July 20th . . . BRAID v. MORTON", The Argus (22 July 1854), 4 

An action to recover £50 rent of premises, known as Braid's Assembly Rooms, in Russell-street. The premises had been hired upon a written agreement by the defendant, as a temporary chapel for twelve months, at £100 per annum. A clause in the agreement gave plaintiff power, in case he should sell the premises or apply them to another purpose, to make void the agreement upon giving a week's notice, and refunding any rent paid in advance. The defendant occupied the premises up to the 23rd November, 1853, when he sent a note to the plaintiff, requesting the delivery of the forms used in the chapel to bearer, and they were accordingly given up, as it was supposed they were required for a merely temporary purpose; two days afterwards a letter was received by plaintiff front defendant, stating that the rooms for church worship would not be required any longer, as they had obtained larger premises; upon this he saw the defendant, who contended, that having paid a quarter's rent in advance, he was not bound to pay any more, and that he had a right to be released from his agreement.
Verdict for plaintiff, £50 and costs; the plaintiff taking an assignment of the premises, and cancelling the agreement.
For plaintiff, Mr. Cope; for defendant, Mr. McDermott.

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 July 1854), 8 

DANCING Academy - Mr. John Braid continues to give private lessons during the week. Schools attended.

[Advertisement], The Banner [Melbourne, VIC] (22 September 1854), 3 

Dancing, MR. JOHN BRAID, Professor of Dancing, Russell-street.
Schools and Families attended. Private Lessons given.
Russell-street, corner of Collins-street.

"WINDING UP THE BALL", The Argus (4 October 1855), 5 

John Salter went to Braid's on Monday evening, to join in the mazy dance, and having imbibed too freely, was eased of his gold watch by one of his companions soon after he left the Assembly Rooms. He gave the information at the Detective Police Office yesterday, but acknowledged that he could not give a very clear account of the transaction.

"BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS", The Argus (8 January 1855), 5 

Workmen have been engaged during the last few days in pulling down the large wooden building at the corner of Russell and little Collins-streets, known as Braid's Assembly Rooms. The management of the rooms passed out of the hands of Mr. Braid about three months ago; while he conducted the place it was a favourite resort, and was always respectably attended. We cannot say as much of it since it had been conducted by others, and during the last few weeks it has been kept open it has been visited by such a miscellaneous company that those who reside in the neighbourhood have no occasion to regret that the building has been demolished.

"THE NOTORIOUS BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOM", The Age (9 January 1855), 5 

Especially the inhabitants in the immediate neighbourhood of this haunt of vice and depravity, and all those who are interested in the moral health and social order of the city, will be glad to learn that the rooms, known as Braid's, in Russell Street, are in progress of demolition. Although the name of Mr. Braid is unfortunately associated with the building, that gentleman is in no manner connected with the libidinous proceedings which have recently so much shocked and disgusted the decent portion of the population of this neihbourhood and passers by. The sooner some more of these places are removed the better for the morality of the city.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1855), 1 

BRAID'S MELBOURNE A8SEMBLY ROOMS. - Messrs. W. and J. Braid (late of the above)
are requested to write or apply to Mr. E. H. Gregory, Royal Hotel, where they will hear of important news from England, to their advantage.

England (from 1854):

"THE STEAM-SHIP GREAT BRITAIN" Northern Daily Times [England] (15 February 1854), 3 (PAYWALL)

This noble vessel arrived in the Mersey yesterday, on her return for the second time from Australia. She left Melbourne on the 4th of December . . . [PASSANGERS] FORE SALOON, MELBOURNE TO LIVERPOOL . . . Charles Braid . . .

"Deaths", Sussex Advertiser [Brighton, England] (21 February 1854), 7 (PAYWALL)

BRAID. - September 30, at Melbourne, Australia, of colonial fever, Hester, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, and daughter of the late George Matthew Burchell, Esq., of Scotsland, Bramley, Surrey.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (2 November 1854), 4 (PAYWALL)

MUSIC. - MR CHARLES BRAID, Teacher or the Piano Forte and Singing. - 26, RUSSELL SQUARE.

1855, marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Hove in the County of Sussex; register 1850-59, page 136; East Sussex and Brighton and Hove Record Office (PAYWALL)

No. 271 / 28th April 1855 / Charles Braid / Of full Age / Widower / Professor of Music / Hove / [son of] Robert Braid (dec.) / Military Man
Ann Sedgwick / Of full age / Widow / - / Brighton / [daughter of George Tofts (dec.) / Gentleman . . .

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", Brighton Gazette (7 June 1855), 2 (PAYWALL)

. . . "The Conway Polka," by Mr Charles Braid. There is something exceedingly pretty and catching in this polka, especially the first movement in 2-4 time. The variations on the song of "The fine old English Gentleman," are well managed, and bring out the air clear and distinct. Altogether it is composition of considerable merit . . .
"I'm a tough true-hearted sailor" and "We'll climb the hill together," are ballads composed by Mr. Braid. In the first we have every inch a sailor song, a bold and manly composition adapted for baritone, and in the hands of such singers as Mr. Corri or Mr. Drayton, the song, no doubt, would be extremely effective. The latter song is set to music from words of our townsman, Mr. W. H. Passmore, and both the poetry and the music are highly creditable. Mr. Passmore has given a touching description of a happy union, in which the husband reminds his partner of those childhood days "When they climbed the hill together," and their growing affection from that period. The composer of the music has entered into the feelings of the poet; and produced a chaste and impressive ballad in that beautiful key of A four flats. Mr. Braid has shown much taste in the compositions which have been placed before us.

1856, marriage solemnized at St. Nicholas Church in the Parish of Brighton in the County of Sussex; register 1856-57, page 62; East Sussex and Brighton and Hove Record Office (PAYWALL)

No. 124 / Oct'r 21 / John Braid / 30 / bachelor / Gentleman / 22 Charlotte St. / [son of] Robert Braid / Gentleman
Mary Greenfield / 40 / Spinster / - / 22 Charlotte St. / [daughter of] George Greenfield / Inn Keeper . . .

[Advertisement], Islington Times [London, England] (3 November 1860), 1 (PAYWALL)

The Proprietors of this most elegant Music Hall, perceiving the entire absence of any place of Entertainment in the northern locality of London, have, at an enormous outlay, erected the above Hall . . .
The Musical Department under the direction of a gentleman well known as one of our most popular composers . . .

England, probate calendar, 1890; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

BRAID John / Personal Estate £134 19s / . . . late of Royal-crescent Brighton in the County of Sussex Lodging-house Keeper a Widower who died 8 August 1890 at 167 Upper-Lews-road Brighton . . . granted to Charles Braid of Linden Park Tunbridge Wells . . . the Brother and one of the Next of Kin.

[News], Bognor Regis Observer [Sussex, England] (6 June 1906), 6 (PAYWALL)

The death of Mr. Charles Braid, the oldest of the Tunbridge Wells Magistrates, took place at Tunbridge Wells on Thursday [30 May], at the advanced aged of 77.

Musical works:

The waterfall (polka mazurka) inscribed to Mrs. Augustus Passmore by Chas. Braid (London: John Blockley, [n.d.]); "Sydney: Nicholson & Co." (DIGITISED)

BRAIM, John (John BRAIM)

Musician, pianist, organist

Born London, England, c. 1837; son of John BRAIM and Joanna Maria BRAIM [sic] (m. St. George, Hanover Square, London, 10 April 1836)
Married Bessie Barry POWER (widow KNIGHT) (d. 1916), VIC, 1860
Died Warrnambool, VIC, 15 September 1910, aged "73/74" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (8 November 1867), 2 

For the first time since their establishment the Hawthorn Penny Readings last Friday evening were not up to the expectations of the audience. This was owing to the absence of a number of gentlemen whose names were on the programme, and their places had to be supplied by the commnittee at a minute's warning, in the best way they could. Mr. Braim gave some splendid pianoforte music . . .

"SOUTH MELBOURNE CRICKET CLUB", Record [Emerald Hill, VIC] (6 May 1869), 5 

The concert in aid of the funds for erecting a pavilion on their ground in Albert Park, took place on Tuesday evening, in the Mechanics' Institute. The audience was not so numerous as we anticipated, taking into consideration the programme presented, which was no doubt owing in great measure to the many counter attractions at the present time. The following ladies and gentlemen rendered their assistance on the occasion: - Miss Cole, Mrs. Trowell, Misses Fielden, Messrs. W. R. Furlong, W. Juniper, D. A. Madden and T. J. Trowell, Mr. Braim presiding at the piano. Praise on our part would be superfluous, and suffice it to say that everything passed off in an exceedingly creditable manner.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Romauld Furlong (vocalist); Daniel Madden (vocalist) William Juniper (vocalist)

[news], The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (14 November 1872), 3 

We last week omitted through inadvertence any notice of the annual festival of the St. Luke's Church, which was held last Thursday week, in the local Mechanics' Institute. The meeting was well attended, and a most enjoyable evening was spent, several effectiva addresses were delivered, and the choir of the church executed some sacred music, under the leadership of Mr. Braim, the organist of the church, much to the gratification of those present.

"PERSONAL", The Argus (16 September 1910), 7 

A prominent figure in Masonic circles, Mr. John Braim, died at a private hospital in Warrnambool yesterday afternoon, aged 74 years. The deceased gentleman, who has been ill for 12 months, resigned from the position of Grand secretary of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria in June last. He had acted in the capacity for 17 years. Mr. Brand was a nephew of the late Archdeacon Braim, M.A., of Portland, and married Miss Power, of Cork, a cousin of the late Sir Redmond Barry, who survives him . . . The late Mr. Blair was organist at Holy Trinity Church, Kew, when the late Dean Vance had that charge. The remains will be brought to Melbourne on Saturday afternoon, and interred in the Boroondara Cemetery.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Henry Braim (Anglican cleric); Redmond Barry (judge)

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (11 June 1935), 11 

Shipping companies were largely represented yesterday at the funeral of the late Mr. John Braim (of Messrs. John Sanderson and Co.), which left Holy Trinity Church, Kew, yesterday, afternoon . . . The late Mr. Braim had been associated with Holy Trinity Church for many years. His father was at one time organist at the church . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Enid Noel Matthews, Colonial organs and organbuilders (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1969), 134, 138, 139, 153 

[134] organist St. Mark's Fitzroy, 1861 (? to 1865); [153] organist St. Luke's South Melbourne, from 1866 (? to 1879); [139] organist Holy Trinity Kew, 1879; [138] organist St. John's Heidelberg, 1897

BRAIN, Anthony (Anthony BRAIN)

Parish clerk, stone mason

Born Oxfordshire, England, 1780; baptised Middleton Stoney, 17 September 1780; son of Thomas BRAIN and Elizabeth RYMAN
Married Mary GOODE (d. 1858), St. Giles without Cripplegate, London, England, 12 September 1803
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 19-21 November 1835 (per Charles Kerr, from London)
Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 12 January 1848, aged "68" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRAIN, Thomas (Thomas BRAIN; Mr. BRAIN junior, Mr. T. BRAIN)

Amateur musician, alto vocalist, choir leader, clerk, collector

Born London, England, 1819; baptised St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 20 February 1819; son of Anthony BRAIN and Mary GOODE
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 19-21 November 1835 (per Charles Kerr, from London)
Married Sarah HALL, St. John's, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 5 March 1842
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843
Died Hobart, 10 November 1903, "in his 85th year, a colonist of 67 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, Middleton Stoney, Oxfordshire, 1780; register 1719-1812; Oxfordshire Family History Society, BOD168_C_1 (PAYWALL)

1780 / Sep'r 17 / Anthoney Son of Tho's & Eliz'th Brain

Marriages, St. Giles without Crippledate, 1803; register 1798-1812; London Metropolitan Archives, P69/Gis/A/01/Ms 6421/3 (PAYWALL)

Anthony Brain of this Parish Bachelor and Mary Goode of this Parish Spinster were married in this Church by Banns this [12 September 1803] . . .

Baptisms solemnised in the Parish of St. Leonard Shoreditch in the County of Middlesex in the Year 1819; register 1818-40, page 66; London Metropolitan Archives, P91/Len/A/01/Ms 7496/22 (PAYWALL)

No. 525 / [1819 Feb.] 20 / Thomas / [son of] Anthony & Mary / Brain / Charlotte Street / Mason . . .

Report of free emigrants arrived at Launceston by the "Charles Kerr" landed on the 18th, 20th & 21st of November 1835; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:407349; GO33/1/20 p.973 (DIGITISED)

Brain Mary / 57 / With her husband // Brain Anthony / 53 / Stone Mason
Brain Elizabeth / 24 / Single / Housemaid // Brain Mary / 19 // Brain Thomas / 15 / Clerk . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (28 November 1835), 3 

(Advertisement.) TO HARFORD ARNOLD. ESQ. COMMANDER OF THE Charles Kerr.
SIR, - We, the Undersigned Passengers by the Charles Kerr, from England to Van Diemen's Land, desire, previous to our leaving the vessel, to present you with our sincere and heartfelt thanks, for the gentlemanly conduct, and for the kind and considerate attention you have shown us during the time we have been on the voyage . . .
Mary Brain . . . Anthony Brain . . . Thomas Brain . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Courier (2 August 1841), 4 

THE public are respectfully invited to a rehearsal of Vocal and Instrumental Music by
The Sacred Harmonic Society,
On THURSDAY Evening, 5th August next, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Paterson-street, which has been kindly lent for the occasion.
To commence at Seven o'clock precisely.
N.B. - Books containing the words of the pieces may be obtained from any of the members. Price One Shilling.
THOMAS BRAIN, Secretary. July 28, 1841.

ASSOCIATIONS: Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society (association)

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

We visited the performance last night with the determination to be be pleased. The circumstances connected with this lady's effort must disarm criticism. She had to contend with the usual difficulties in procuring an effective vocal and instrumental force, and laboured under the disadvantage of occupying an unsuitable place. Still, upon the whole, the oratorio passed off satisfactorily; and Mrs. Nairne deserves the thanks of the townspeople, for the endeavour to produce an entertainment as pleasing and rational as it is unobjectionable. The hour of commencement was perhaps too late but no time was lost between the pieces - no irritating delay took place. It was gratifying to observe that amateurs came forward on the occasion. Mr. Brain, jun., was a competent leader of the vocalists; and Mr. Megson, as conductor of the instrumental part, deserves credit. It would be hardly fair to particularise the performances of the amateurs. They did their best; and will improve by practice, if a series of oratorios shall be sustained by the public during the winter season. We may, however, refer to Mr. Brain's "Behold a virgin," and Mr. Turner's "Why do the nations" - bot[h] executed with considerable taste and ability. The performance of Mrs. Richards, as a professional singer, is more open to criticism: but -
"It is a meaner part of sense
To find a fault than taste an excellence."
She possesses a sweet voice, of considerable compass: it however lacks that mellow rich ness which greater command and more careful practice would produce: she sings correctly, and perhaps our readers will understand us when we say, that she hops rather than glides into each note: her execution of "He was cut off" was loudly applauded. In a few words, we may state that the instrumental performance was unexceptionable, and the vocal highly creditable.

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Nairne (musician); Joseph Megson (violin, leader); Dorothea Richards (vocalist)

"CRIMINAL SITTINGS. Tuesday, 8th October", Launceston Examiner (12 October 1844), 2

William Nash and George Hewson were indicted for having burglariosaly broken into and entered the dwelling house of Mr. John Drysdale of Brisbane-street and stolen therefrom a gold chain, a gold ring, a gold brooch, a gold finger ring, a teapot, and a quantity of wearing apparel. Prisoner[s] pleaded not guilty . . .
Hewson merely protested his innocence, and called a Mr. Brain, clerk of Trinity Church, who stated that Hewson was bell-ringer to the Church . . .
The jury after a few minutes' consultation, without retiring, found both prisoners guilty . . . His Honor then passed the sentence of 15 years' transportation on each of the prisoners . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Hewson (bellringer)

1848, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1145578; RGD35/1/16 no 975 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 975 / 12 January / Anthony Brain / Male / 68 years / Stonemason / Natural Causes . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH", Launceston Examiner (15 January 1848), 6 

Mr. A. Brain, stone-mason, died suddenly on Wednesday. Whilst proceeding towards his house on the Brisbane-road, he dropped down in the street, and soon expired. The immediate cause of death was water in the chest; deceased had been suffering for some time from enlargement of the heart. Mr. Brain was an old resident, and lately officiated as clerk at Trinity church.

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1849), 767 

Sir, - Observing in the Chronicle of Wednesday, a notice of a seraphine for sale, I think it would be a good opportunity for the Wardens of Trinity Church to improve the choir, which is very indifferent for want of an instrument, and is capable of great amendment. The leader of the singing is an excellent judge of music, and extremely suited for his office, but the least that is said about the members of the choir, the better. Indeed, church music cannot be effectively performed without an organ or seraphine, in so large a building as Trinity, and I am sure Mr. Brain is to be pitied, very often, in his endeavours to harmonize the discordant portions of his corps de musique. The seraphine that Mr. Reibey introduced (at his own expence) was an agreeable aid to the celebration of Divine Service, and so was acknowledged by the congregation generally, but being private property, the Church had the mortification to lose it on that reverend gentleman's retirement, without another being provided in its place . . .
I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, ALTO. August 2nd.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reibey (Anglican cleric)

"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOLS", Launceston Examiner (15 September 1852), 8 

The seventeenth anniversary of these schools was celebrated on Monday last . . . The singing of the children, conducted by Mr. T. Brain, was very good, and their attention and orderly behaviour during the services were particularly remarked by the congregation . . .

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (19 August 1858), 2 

On the morning of Wednesday, the 18th instant, aged 82 years, Mary, relict of the late Anthony Brain, stonemason and builder. The funeral will leave her late residence Brisbane-street (near Wellington-street), to-morrow (Friday) afternoon at 3 o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (24 December 1859), 5 

SINGING CLASS. A CLASS for Vocal Music, Mr. T. Brain as conductor, will start with the New Year. All persons desirous of joining the same are requested to meet at the Trinity School Room, on Friday evening, 6th Jan., 1860, at half-past 7 o'clock. A. J. Green, Secretary pro. tem. Dec. 24.

"SINGING CLASS", Launceston Examiner (5 January 1860), 3 

There will be a meeting at half-past seven o'clock to-morrow evening in Trinity School Room, of persons desirous of joining a class for vocal music, of which Mr. T. Brain will be conductor. An announcement to this effect appears in our advertising columns signed by Mr. A. J. Green, as Secretary pro. tem. This is an opportunity which will doubtless be embraced by many members of the late "Million Class;" and we hope that this less ambitious attempt at realising the important object in view may be more successful.

"LAUNCESTON CHORAL SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (31 January 1860), 3 

The first meeting of members took place last evening in Trinity School-room: the President, Charles Thomson, Esq., Manager of the Bank of Van Diemen's Land, was in the chair, and opened the business by an address, stating the object of the society, which numbers at present upwards of sixty members. The conductor, Mr. T. Brain, then gave the members their first lesson, Mr. Robert Sharpe presiding at the piano-forte.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Sharpe (pianist); Launceston Choral Society (association); "Million class", John Adams (leader)

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 November 1863), 4 

An inquest was held at the "Cross Keys," York-street, on Wednesday last, before Wm. Gunn, Esq.; coroner, on view of the body of Geo. Brain, who died suddenly on Monday evening. The following jury was sworn: - Messrs. Henry Davey Parr, (foreman), John Day, John Cooper, George Kent, William Chester, Joseph Batty, and Thos. Brown. The jury went to the residence of Mr. Brain, to view the body of deceased, and on their return the following evidence was taken: -
John Brain sworn - I am the father of the deceased boy; he was about fifteen years of age; he had his tea about a quarter to seven o'clock on Monday evening; he ate heartily of bread and butter and tea; after tea he heard his little brother some lessons, and then asked permission to go out to hear a lad play some music; I saw him afterwards running about with Charles Collins; I saw him jump either across a drain or into the drain; I called to him to come in to his lessons as we were going to light the candles; when the candles were lighted I called to him again, and got no answer; the boy Collins came and told me that George had fallen down, and he thought he was in a fit; I ran to him and found him lying on his face at the corner of Margaret and York-streets; I carried him home and opened his clothes, bathed his face with cold water, and gave him all the air I could; he seemed quite unconscious, and I sent for Dr. Grant, who arrived about twenty minutes after I brought the deceased in doors; the boy has generally been healthy; he was at work bringing firewood from the bush; he had been at work for a week at Mr. Button's bark mill; he was sometimes troubled with a headache.
Charles Collins deposed, - On Monday evening I met George Brain at the corner of York-street, we were listening to Morris playing music; we then ran about . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Brain (1813-1894; brother); George Brain (1848-1863, nephew)

"OUR MONTHLY SUMMARY", Launceston Examiner (18 May 1867), 5 

The second of the series of Penny Readings was given in the Mechanics' Institute on Thursday night . . . The entertainment was opened by Mr. Hanchett giving a pretty and lively medley on the pianoforte . . . That pretty glee "Flora decks the Flowery Mead" was rendered by. Messr. Brain, Chick, and Frost in a very pleasing manner, and they were loudly applauded . . . Mr. Sharp next gave an organ solo . . . Mr. T. Brain sang "the Englishman." It is surprising that a gentleman understanding music so well as Mr. Brain does should have chosen such a song, as it is totally unadapted to his voice. The music does not come within its compass - at least, at the key at which it was pitched. The song should be sung by a deep, loud bass, in a spirited manner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Justinian Hanchette (piano); John Chick (vocalist); John Frost (vocalist); Thomas Sharp (organ)

[News], Launceston Examiner (10 August 1867), 4 

The sixpenny reading given in the Hall of the Mechanics' on Thursday night was quite a success . . . The entertainment was opened by Messrs. Brain and Hanchett, who played a duet, Mr. Brain performing on the flute and Mr. Hanchett on the piano . . . Messrs. Brain, Eldred, and Harvey gave a glee, "When Arthur first at Court began" . . . Mr. E. Hopkins was loudly applauded for his performance on the "rock harmonicon," in which he was accompanied by Mr. T. Sharp on the piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Smithen Harvey (vocalist); E. Hopkins (musician)

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MUSICAL UNION", Launceston Examiner (23 January 1868), 5 

The annual meeting of the above Society took place on Tuesday evening is the large class-room of the Institute. Mr. T. Sharp, President and Conductor, ocoupied the chair, and opened the proceedings by reading the advertisement convening the meeting. He then called upon the Secretary, Mr. T. Brain, to read the report for the past year:
REPORT. The Mechanics' Institute Musical Union was originated at a meeting held on the 10th March, 1867. At an adjourned meeting held on the 20th March the following officers and Committee were elected: -
Conductor and President, Mr. T. Sharp; Treasurer, Mr. E. Hopkins; Secretary, Mr. T. Brain;
Messrs. Frost, G. Oatley, J. S. Harvey, G. Mooreton, and W. Sharp were elected as members of Committes, with the officers ex officio.
The number of members at the commencement was 44, which number has been maintained to the present time. There have been three concerts given during the past nine months, the proceeds of which, after deducting expenses, amounted to £12 15s 7d, which has been paid over to the Mechanics' Institute in accordance with the rules under which the Society was formed. In addition to which it may be observed that the members of the Society furnished the principal part of the music (both vocal and instrumental) at the penny and other readings given during the winter season; and there can be no doubt that the cheapness of those entertainments had the effect of limiting the attendance at the concerts . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Sharp (member)


Last evening a party of about one hundred persons, composed of the members and friends of the above Society met in the large class-room of the Mechanics' Institute . . . Mr. T. Sharp Conductor, rose, and said most of them were aware that the Union was established about twelve months since . . . Unfortunately every effort had failed, and it was evident the musical talent of Launceston was not to be united . . . When it was seen that the affairs of the Union must be wound up, the members had thought it would be best to expend the small amount of funds in hand, in a closing entertainment of this kind. Several ladies and gentlemen would assist during the evening, by singing, in promoting the enjoyment of those present . . . The following selection of songs, &c., was then performed to the great satisfaection of the company, who loudly applauded the various peices: -
"Had I a heart for falsehood framed" - Mr. T Brain.
"No one to love" - Mr. Roper.
"You'll remember me" - Mr. Chick.
"'Tis sweet to think of those we love" - Miss Doolan.
"The village blacksmith" - Mr. T. Sharp . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alban Joseph Roper (vocalist)

"WATERHOUSE GOLD FIELDS (From our own Correspondent)", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 August 1870), 2 

A farewell concert was given by the Lyndhurst Amateur Musical Society to their president and director (Mr. Thomas Brain), on the 2nd August . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (12 November 1903), 1 

BRAIN. - On November 10, at 135 Goulburn-street, Hobart, Thomas Brain, late of Tunbridge, in his 85th year. A colonist of 67 years.The funeral will leave his late residence on Friday, at 2 o'clock, for the Queenborough Cemetery.

BRAITHWAITE, Frederick Nelson (Frederick Nelson BRAITHWAITE; F. N. BRAITHWAITE)


Born Richmond, VDL (TAS), 15 January 1834; baptised Richmond, 16 February 1834; son of Nelson BRAITHWAITE and Sarah HALLS (m. Sorell, 11 April 1833)
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 12 August 1845 (per Psyche, for London)
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, by July 1856
Died Richmond, TAS, 18 June 1904, "aged 71" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Richmond & Sorell in the year 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1083582; RGD32/1/2/ no 5917 (DIGITISED)

No. 198 / 5917 / 16th February 1834 / Born 15th January 1834 / Frederic [sic] Nelson / [son of] Nelson & Sarah / Braithwaite / Richmond / Overseer to Major De Gilhern . . .

"Shipping Intelligence . . . DEPARTURES", The Observer (12 August 1845), 2 

August 12. - Barque Psyche, 300 tons, Irving, master, for London. Passengers . . . Nelson Braithwaite, F. N. Braithwaite, Mary Ann Braithwaite, Richard Braithwaite . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Market Harborough, Leicestershire; UK National Archives, HO107/2079/342/2 (PAYWALL)

High Street / John Oldacres / Head / Mar. / 56 / Agent Conducting Worsted Spinning Factory / . . .
Mary Anne Oldacres / Wife / Mar. / 52 / [born] Norfolk Terrington
Frederick Braithwaite / Nephew / Unm. / 17 / Employed in the Factory / [born] Richmond V. D.
Mary Ann [Braithwaite] / Niece / Unm. / 16 / - / [born Richmond V. D.] . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (15 July 1856), 1

IF this Should meet the eye of RICHARD J. BRAITHWAITE, who left Hobart Town, 1852, he would much oblige by writing to his brother Frederick Nelson Braithwaite just from England.
Direct to Mrs. Mason, at Mr. Williams, 41 Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury [TAS] (7 August 1858), 1 

North West Bay Cricket Club. A PUBLIC MEETING was held on the 26th July,
according to advertisement, at the Morning Star Inn, N. W. Bay, for the purpose of forming a Cricket Club for the District.
The meeting was well attended and a very great interest manifested, a handsome sum was raised by donations and subscriptions, and about 30 members were enrolled; their next meeting will take place on the 23rd August, 1858.
The Club will be called the "Kingborough Cricket Club," their place of meeting the Morning Star Inn.
F. N. BRAITHWAITE, Secretary.

"POLICE COURT, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 21ST . . . ASSAULT", The Mercury (22 September 1868), 2

Simmons v. Carver. Isaac Simmons complained of Elizabeth Carver for assaulting him on the 10th instant . . .
Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, musician, proved that as Simmons was going in to the house, defendant threw away some stale beer, and some of it went over him . . .
He said he would try and get her shifted from the corner, and that if I stuck to him I should never be short of a home that he and I would get into a job there to play together. The house adjoins the Prince of Wales Theatre.
By Simmons: I can't say if it would make any difference to our getting an engagement at the theatre by getting Mrs. Carver out of the house. We have been together in the parlor drinking many a time; the parlor is behind the bar . . .

"POLICE COURT. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 21ST . . . ASSAULT", The Tasmanian Times (22 September 1868), 2 

Simmonds v. Carver. In this case Isaac Simmonds, a hawker living in Argyle-street, charged Elizabeth Carver with an unprovoked assault upon him on the 10th inst . . .
Fredrick Nelson Braithwaite, a musician living in Warwick-street, deposed . . .
By Mr. Moriarty . . . Complainant has spoken to me about the evidence in this case, he said something about shifting the old woman out of the corner, and that I should never be hard up for a home if I only stuck to him, and we might get a job to play together at the dancing house, (the Prince of Wales theatre,) next to her hotel, if we only got defendant out . . .

"DEATHS", The North Western Advocate [Tasmania] (23 June 1904), 2 

BRAITHWAITE. - On June 18, at Hobart, Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, born at Glyn Ayre, Richmond, Tasmania, aged 71 years.

BRAMMALL, Charles Joseph (Charles Joseph BRAMMALL; C. J. BRAMMALL)

Musical amateur, amateur vocalist, member Hobart Town Glee Club, Anglican cleric

Born Elham, Kent, Engand, 1830; baptised St. Mary, Elham, 29 May 1830; son of Daniel BRAMMALL (1790-1865) and Jane FORSTER (1796-1860)
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, by 1855
Married EMILY GARRETT (1839-1902), Hobart Town, TAS, 2 July 1859 (aged "29")
Died Hagley, TAS, 24 April 1906, aged "76" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Elham in the County of Kent in the Year 1830; register 1813-65, page 86; Canterbury Cathedral Archives, U3/32/1/5 (PAYWALL)

No. 684 / 29 May [1830] / Charles Joseph / [son of] Daniel & Jane / Brammall / Elham / Clergyman / [officiant] D. Brammall Curate

"HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner [TAS] (26 April 1856), 4 

LIST of Persons entitled to be placed on the Electoral Roll for the return of Members of the House of Assembly for the Electoral District of Hobart Town: -
. . . Brammall, Charles Joseph, Macquarie-street, salary, Hutchins School, appointed 1855 . . .

"TESTIMONIAL", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (2 July 1859), 3 

On Thursday last [30 June], the Members of the Glee Club assembled at the Hutchins School for the purpose of presenting C. J. Brammall, Esq., Honorary Secretary to the Society, with a handsome service of plate as an acknowledgement of his valuable services. J. Hone, Esq., one of the earliest Members, presided, and spoke in gratifying terms of the high estimation in which Mr. Brammall is held by all whom he is associated.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Hone (member); Hobart Town Glee Club (association)

1859, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:858629; RGD37/1/18 no 172 (DIGITISED)

No. 85 / 172 / 2'd July 1859 / St. John Baptist's Church Hobart Town / Charles Joseph Brammall / 29 / Gentleman / Bachelor
Emily Garrett / 20 / Spinster . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (18 January 1860), 1 

The Benevolent Society. THE MEMBERS of the GLEE CLUB,
assisted by many amateurs, and Professionals, will perform
In aid of the funds of the above Society.
Every effort will be made to render the work as effectual as possible.
Already upwards of 80 Ladies and Gentlemen have volunteered their services.
Committee of management, Messrs. Brammell, Garrett, Kennerley, G. Salier, Tapfield, and Whitton, of whom, and of Messrs. Walch and Sons, C. O. Atkins, W. Westcott, and G. Rolwegan, Tickets 5s. each, may be had on and after Friday next.
The Performance of the Oratorio will commence at half-past seven, and for the convenience of parties residing at a distance it is hereby notified that carriages may be ordered for ten o'clock. C. J. BRAMMALL, Hon. Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Salier (member); Samuel Tapfield (member, conductor)

[Advertisement], The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (18 January 1861), 3 

NOW READY. SUNG amidst enthusiastic applause by C. J. BRAMMALL, ESQ., at the GLEE CLUB CONCERT.
Composed and Dictated [dedicated] to the Officers and Volunteers of Tasmania,
Price 2s. 6d.; freely post to any part of the Colony, 3s.
J. WALCH & SONS, Hobart Town and Launceston.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Adams (composer); James Walch (publisher); Hobart Town Glee Club (association)

MUSIC: Riflemen form (Adams)

"THE HURCHINS SCHOOL FETE", The Mercury (15 December 1861), 2 

The Annual Fete, observed by the past and present scholars of the Hutchins School, came off on Wednesday last . . .
THE DINNER. The annual dinner took place in the evening at Webb's, and was attended by about thirty of the old scholars . . . The band of the Artillery Corps was in attendance, and played several selections of music in the course of the evening, which added greatly to the spirit of the entertainment . . . The cloth having been, removed . . . By general request Mr. Brammall then sang "Riflemen Form," which was greatly applauded . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hobart Volunteer Artillery Band (group)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 March 1862), 4 

Glee Club. SUBSCRIBERS to this Society, and the public, are informed that a reading of
Sophocles Tragedy of "ANTIGONE," accompanied with Mendelsohn's celebrated Music,
will take place at DEL SARTE'S ROOMS, on THURSDAY, the 27th March,
in aid of the Funds for purchasing New Music and Instruments.
The Dialogue and Music will be sustained by the gentlemen members of the Club, aided by several friends who have kindly offered their assistance.
A selection of Songs, Glees, &c., will follow.
Cards for admission, three shillings (3s) each, can be procured from Messrs. Walch & Sons, Atkins, Westcott, Fletcher, and Rolwegan.
C. J. BRAMMALL, Secretary.
To commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

ASSOCIATIONS: Del Sarte's Rooms (Hobart venue)

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Mercury (25 June 1862), 3 

Last evening a meeting of persons interested in Church Music, was held in the Harrington-street School Room, for the purpose of forming a choir in connection with the Church Union, already established. There were present The Rev. Mr. Cox, Mr. Hubert Church, Mr. T. West brook the Rev. Dr. Parsons, Mr. C. Butler, Mr. Brammall, Mr. Mcintyre, Mr. Newell, Mr. W. Lovett, &c., and several ladies. The Rev Mr. Cox, was voted to the chair when he opened the meeting with prayer. The Chairman explained the objects of the meeting, by which people might strengthen each other by the performance of Church Music. He hoped before the meeting separated that a choir would be organized to carry out the objects contemplated. He was glad to see so many ladies present, and also so many of his male friends. The Chairman read a note from Mr. Salier, offering his services, and, also stated that Mr. Tapfield had expressed his desire to aid the Church Union in the manner required, as far as abilities and exertions could do so. (Cheers.) Mr. T. Westbrook moved and Mr. C. Butler seconded the following resolution - That a choir be now formed in connection with the Hobart Town Church Union; to be called the Church Union Choir, and to consist of all persons who signify to any member of the Committee their desire to be associated therewith. The resolution was carried unanimously. On the motion, of Mr. Brammall the following Committee was appointed, to carry out the objects of the meeting, with power to add to their numbers. - Messrs. G. C.Novell, W. Lovett, J. J. Salier, Rev M. Cox, and the Mover. The resolution was carried. The Chairman announced that thirty three members had already joined the Choir, and that a meeting would take place next Tuesday evening at the same hour and place, to prepare for the Church Union Meeting to take place this day fortnight. If every member now enrolled would obtain another member they would organize a strong and an effective choir. The meeting closed with the Doxology, and a benediction by the Rev. Chairman.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Jabez Salier (musician)


. . . the following address to the Rev. Mr. Brammall:
Dear Sir, We, the Parishioners and Members of St. John's, Goulbourn-street, having heard that you have been appointed to the Cure of St. George's, Sorell, cannot allow your departure to take place without bearing testimony to the opinion we have formed of you . . . We have at all times had occasion to admire your simplicity of manner, sterling piety, and steady attention to eveiytliing that could tend to the benefit or advancement of both Church and people, and our warmest thanks are due to you for the unwearied interest and zeal you have always shown for the cause of Church Music, and for the heartiness with which the praises of God have been sung by the congregation. During the time you have officiated as Curate at St. John's you have well merited our confidence and esteem . . .

"COUNTRY NEWS. WESTBURY", Daily Telegraph [Launceston, TAS] (25 February 1895), 2 

On Wednesday evening last a sacred concert was given in St. Andrew's Church by the choir, assisted by visitors from Deloraine and Hagley. A good programme of sacred solos and anthems was excellently rendered, Miss Phillips ably presiding at the organ. The Rev. C. J. Brammall, of Hagley gave an address on "Music." He referred to music as one of the principal parts in the church service. He strongly advocated the choirs being trained, and all the congregation taking part in the singing. He did not think it was worship for only the choir to take part in the service.

"DEATH OF THE REV. C. J. BRAMMALL", Examiner [Launceston, TAS] (25 April 1906), 6 

The death occurred at Hagley yesterday morning of the Rev. Charles Joseph Brammall, who was one of the oldest Church of England ministers of the state. Deceased was in his 77th year, and his demise was altogether unexpected. He was highly respected throughout the whole of the state, particularly in the districts of Sorell and Hagley. His ministry extends over aperiod of nearly 40 years. He was admitted to the diaconate in 1867, and was fully ordained two years later. Between 1867 and 1868, he filled the position of curate at St. John's, Hobart. He was then appointed to the incumbeney of Sorell, where he remained till 1894, and was then offered the rectorship of St. Mary's, Hagley. This he accepted, and continued to fill the position up till the time of his death. Those who had the privilege of his acquaintance speak very highly of his devotion to the work entrusted to him, and his assistance in cases of distress was always willingly given. Often in the absence of expert medical aid the deceased attended to cases with beneficial results, and his name is revered in many a bush home in the large districts of which he had charge.

"MUSIC & MUSICIANS . . . FIRST PERFORMANCE OF THE MESSIAH", The Mercury (29 August 1928), 8 

In 1862 [sic, 1860] Mr. S. Taplfield's Glee Club invited musicians from all parts of the colony to help in the production of "The Messiah," for the benefit of the Benevolent Society, which had just been started. The enterprise was warmly taken up on all sides, the performers being convoyed to and fro free of charge by Mr. Page, coach owner. The ballroom at Government House, which stood on the ground now known as Franklin Square, was specially fitted up, Sir Henry and Lady Young showing great interest. Mr. S. Tapfleld conducted, Herr Julius Budee was at the piano, and Mr. W. Russell led the orchestra . . . Mr. F. H. Henslowe sang "Comfort Ye"; Mr. C. J. Brammall, "Thus saith the Lord"; Mr. J. Salier, "The people that walked in darkness"; Miss Rosina Carandini (Mrs. Palmer), "Rejoice greatly" . . . Mr. C. J. Brammall, "Why do the nations"; Monsieur Camille Del Sarte, "Thou shalt break them" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Buddee (piano); William Wilkins Russell (violin, leader); Francis Hartwell Henslowe (vocalist); Rosina Carandini (vocalist); Camille Del Sarte (vocalist)

"CHURCH COLUMN. FOUR GENERATIONS", The Mercury (24 December 1828), 3 

. . . Mr. C. J. Brammall came to Tasmania under an arrangement with the Hutchins School, as mathematical master. He was tho son of the Rev. Daniel Brammall, of Chislett, Kent, the first of the four generations in holy orders. Daniel was the son of Daniel Holy Brammall, of Sheaf House, Sheffield, England, the name "Holy" being a derivation from Auley and Hawley . . .


Irish comic vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1847-48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1847), 2

On Monday evening last, one of the largest and most cheerful meetings of the above society was held in their splendid hall on Church Hill . . . The Rev. President and the Rev. Dr. Backhouse addressed the meeting, in a happy and animated style, on the blessings of temperance, and the miseries both of mind and body that naturally result from the use of all intoxicating drinks. The meeting was also enlivened by some excellent songs, but those by Mr. Brannigan kept the whole audience in roars of laughter. The excellent band of the society, as usual, played several animating and patriotic tunes, among which the Railway Gallop excited universal approbation. The crowded meeting broke up at a seasonable hour, highly delighted with each other, and the entertainments of the evening. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John McEncroe (cleric, president); Henry Backhaus (cleric); St. Patrick's church (Sydney)

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", Sydney Chronicle (20 March 1847), 2 

. . . In the evening a grand musical cntertainmentwas given in St. Patrick's Hall by the band of the society, assisted by one or two professional performers. The Rev. Dean McEncroe presided, and there were upwards of eight hundred persons assembled in the Hall . . . Mrs. Guerin sung in a beautiful manner "The Land of the West" and one or two other favourite songs, and the audience were much delighted with the comic songs of Mr. Flanigan, and the [REDACTED] song of Mr. Ducrow . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Theodosia Guerin (vocalist); John Henry Ducros (vocalist); St. Patrick's Band (temperance band)

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (2 October 1847), 1 

A Musical Festival will take place on Monday evening next, October 4th, in St. Patrick's Hall, when, by the kind permission of Colonel Despard, the band of the 99th regiment will be in attendance, and play some of their most popular airs;
and the new band of St. Patrick's Society will make their first appearance.
Mr. Brallaghan will sing the following songs:
Paddy Malone, Paddy Mooney, Cries of Sydney, Umbrella Courtship,
and will be assisted by several Amateurs, wiho have kindly offered their services.
The Rev. President will take thie chair, when the Public in general and tihe promoters of Temperance are particularly requested to attend, and witness the Moral Reformation through the agency and advocacy of Total Astinence principles.
Chair to be taken at half-past seven. Admission to the Platform, 2 shillings; Hall, 1 shilling. Children under twelve, sixpeince.

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 99th Regiment (military)

MUSIC: Possibly the earliest record of the song later known as Paddy Malone in Australia, later popularised and pubished by John Turner (vocalist); Umbrella courtship (song)

"TEETOTAL FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (5 October 1847), 3 

A musical festival was held at St. Patrick's Hall yesterday evening, which, notwithstanding the inclemercy of the weather, was crowded to excess. The chair was occupied by the Rev. Dean McEncroe, the President of St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society, and the evening passed lightly away with speeches; songs, and music. Of the songs, "umbrella courtship" and the "cries of Sydney" were decidedly the favourites, and drew forth rounds of applause.

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1848), 3

The splendid New Band of St. Patrick's Society will make their second appearance.
Comic Song - "Polly Flowers" - Mr. Branagan
Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis
Song - "Tell me my heart," Mrs. Lewis
Original Comic Song - "The Sydney Cries" - Mr. Branagan
Comic Song - "He'd such a tremendous big nose," Mr. Branagan
Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis
Song - "The wild rose of Erin." Mrs. Lewis
Comic Song - "Black Turf," Mr. Branagan
Two Irish pipers are expected to attend. - Several Amateurs have kindly offered their services . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Lewis (vocalist)

MUSIC: Polly Flowers (song) to tune Cinderella (air); Black turf (song) to the tune Buy a broom (air. arr. by Alexander Lee);

"TEETOTAL FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (11 January 1848), 2

A musical festival was held at St. Patrick's Hall yesterday evening. The chair was occupied by the Rev. Dean McEncroe, the President of St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society. The evening passed cheerily away with songs and music performed by St. Patrick's band. Of the songs, "The tremendous big nose" and "The Cries of Sydney," by Mr. Branagan, drew forth great applause, and were decidedly the favorites.

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (16 March 1848), 1 

MUSICAL FESTIVAL will take place on FRIDAY EVENING, March 17th, in St. Patrick's Hall.
Mr. Branagan, Mrs. Lewis, and several Amateurs, will sing some of their best and most favourite songs . . .
N. B.- Programmes of the evening's entertainment will be delivered at the Hall.

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (18 March 1848), 3 

Yesterday being the anniversary of St. Patrick, the Total Abstinence Society gave a Musical Festival in St. Patrick's Hall, which was crowded to excess in every part. The Rev. Dean McEncroe, the president of the society, was in the chair, and opened the meeting with a few appropriate remarks. On the platform was his Grace the Archbishop, the Very Rev. the Vicar-General, and several other clergymen, G. Allen, Esq., M.C., and a large number of ladies and gentlemen. The band of the Society was in attendance, and played some very appropriate airs. The evening was enlivened by the singing of Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis, and several very excellent songs were sung by some amateurs. Soon after ten o'clock, the company dispersed, every one appearing to be highly delighted with the entertainments of the evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Bede Polding (archbishop)

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (22 April 1848), 3 

ON EASTER MONDAY EVENING, a GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL will be given in St. Patrick's Hall, for the Benefit of the Band of St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society . . .
The following vocalists are engaged: - Mr. Branagan, Mr. Fisher, Mr. Cochlin, and several amateurs, who will sing a variety of comic and sentimental songs.
Several favourite airs will be played by the Band, and a Solo by one of the Trombones . . .

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (25 April 1848), 2

Yesterday evening, a Musical Festival was held in St. Patrick's Hall, for the benefit of the Band belonging to St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society. The hall was well filled with a very respectable assemblage. The Rev. Dean McEncroe occupied the Chair, and on the platform was a large number of ladies and gentlemen, among whom we observed the Attorney-General and Mrs. Plunkett, the Rev. Mr. McCormick, &c., &c. The band, though consisting entirely of very young practitioners, performed in a very efficient manner, and was much applauded. A solo on the trombone was very well played by Mr. H. Mason. The singing, upon the whole, was much better than we have before heard at some of these festivities; the company was much enlivened by the comicalities of Mr. Branagan, whose "Cries of Sydney," elicited roars of laughter. "Molly Bawn" was sung in a very pleasing manner, as were also several other of the songs. The evening was spent in a most pleasant manner, and every one departed apparently highly gratitied.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hubert Plunkett (attorney general, musical amateur); H. Mason (trombone)

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (12 August 1848), 11 

have made give an entertaining Musical Party, at the Hall, on
HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHoP, the BISHOP OF MELBOURNE, and the Catholic Clergy, have kindly promised to attend.
The HON. THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL and several other influential Friends of Temperance are expected on the occasion.
The new Band of St. Patrick's Society will play some of their most favourite tunes.
Mr. Brallaghan, Mr. Fanning, and Mr. Jerome will sing the following songs:
Mr. Brallaghan - Black Turf, Irish Historian, Paddy Malone, Kilkenny Boys, and The Cries of Sydney.
Mr. Fanning - Paddy's Blunders, Comforts of Man, "Father Mathew's Doings," The Butchering Line, and The Wery Identical Flute.
Mr. Jerome - Billy Barlow, Cockney's Trip to Australia, Single Young Man Lodger, the Black Statute, the Beautiful Boy.
There will be an Irish Piper and Fiddler in attendance, as well as several Amateurs, who have kindly offered their services.
The Irish Piper will play - Carolan's Receipt for Drinking Whisky, Exile of Erin, Cooleen, Hare in the Corn, and Nora Creina . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Murphy (bishop); Edward Faning (vocalist, fiddler)

MUSIC: Irish historian (song); The boys of Kilkenney (song); The wery identical flute (song)

Musical concordances:

Barney Brallaghan, a comic Irish song, written by T. Hudson, music by J. Blewitt (New York: Firth & Hall, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Jonathan Blewitt (English composer); Thomas Hudson (comic vocalist, songwriter); see also Barney Brallaghan's courtship (song); and Barney Brallaghan ("sung by Mr. Todd")

Barney Brallaghan's songster

Barney Brallaghan's collection of Irish songs, containing all the queer, quizzical, quaint, comic, and sentimental songs, as sung by Powers, Collins, Hudson, and Barney Williams [cover: Barney Brallaghan's songster] (New York: Murphy, [c. 1840]) 

The Dublin comic songster, containing a choice collection of Irish, English, and Scottish comic songs (Dublin: James Duffy, 1841) (DIGITISED)


Musician, teacher of music and languages

Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1863-68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Sands & McDougall's Melbourne and suburban directory for 1863 (Melbourne: Sands & McDougall, 1863), 207 (PAYWALL)

Brandenburger, Miss, teacher of languages, 60 King William-street, F[itzroy]

Rate book, City of Fitzroy, 1863; Public Record Office Victoria, VPRS 4301 (PAYWALL)

Brandenburger / Rosa / - / [landlord] Sloan John / King William Street / Stone house 7 rooms . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 January 1865), 6

MISS BRANDENBURGER RESUMES her musical DUTIES January 17. Ladies' School, King William street, Fitzroy.

Butler & Brooke's national directory of Victoria for 1866-67 (Melbourne: Butler & Brooke, 1866), 18 (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Brandenburger, Miss, teacher of music, 12 McKenzie st

Sands & McDougall's Melbourne and suburban directory for 1868 (Melbourne: Sands & McDougall, 1868), 618 (PAYWALL)

Brandenburger, Miss (music), 11 King William-street F[itzroy]

BRANDON, James Lucas

Musician, clarinet player, clarionet player, farmer

Active Mudgee, NSW, 1853-54
Died Mudgee, NSW, October 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Returns of the colony ("Blue Books"), 1846; State Records Authority of NSW, series 1286 (PAYWALL)

. . . [county] Wellington / [town] Mudgee / . . . James Lucas Brandon . . .

"BATHURST QUARTER SESSIONS . . . HIGHWAY ROBBERY", Bathurst Free Press [NSW] (25 January 1851), 6

John Lockwood and George Measer alias Long George the Brickmaker, were indicted for stealing, by force, a watch from the person of James Lucas Brandon, at Mudgee, on the 8th of November last. The prisoners pleaded not guilty, and were defended by Mr. Macintosh.
It appeared by the evidence of the prosecutor that he was a resident of Mudgee, and had known the prisoner Lockwood about seven years and the other by sight only about twelve months. They both lived in Cox's paddock, at Mudgee. On the evening in question, he had drunk himself very nearly sober at Mr. Viles's public house . . .
The jury retired . . . After a confinement of about five hours, they were starved into unanimity, and returned into Court with a verdict of "not guilty" for both the prisoners.

"CIRCUIT COURT . . . TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28TH . . . WILFUL MURDER", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (4 March 1854), 2

Maurice Dalton was indicted for the wilful murder of William Oxley on the 29th April last, at Mudgee. He pleaded not guilty and was defended by Mr. Holroyd. Attorney - Mr. Serjeant.
James Lucas Brandon deposed that about 1 o'clock of the morning of the 29th April, he was proceeding homeward, playing a clarinet, when the prisoner walked up to him and after asking him what he wanted playing that b----y thing, knocked him down . . .

"BATHURST CIRCUIT COURT . . . TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1854. MURDER", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (4 March 1854), 3

. . . James Lucas Brandon: I live at Mudgee; I lived there in April last; I saw the prisoner on 28th April; he insulted me, and knocked me down; I was going home, playing the clarionet, when the prisoner came across and asked me what business I had playing that bloody thing, and knocked me down; I went to constable Oxley, and told him, and he told me to go home; when I got home I heard stones thrown against my hut; I was frightened to stop, and I went out for constable Oxley, and then I saw the prisoner . . .

"MUDGEE. October 31. INQUESTS", Australian Town and Country Journal (11 November 1876), 10 

Under this heading comes the most startling news of the past week. A man named James Lucas Brandon died rather suddenly on the 21st instant at Apple Tree Flat, and an inquest was held accordingly, before the District Coroner, Mr. W. J. Henningham, and a jury of four. The evidence of Edward Gallagher was taken, and was to the effect that he had last seen deceased alive on Saturday evening, when he evidently appeared to be in a dying state. Witness had not seen deceased intoxicated since the 6th of October (polling day). On hearing that he was dead he at once came to Mudgee, and reported the matter. Dr. Newton deposed that he had made a post mortem examination of tbe body of deceased, and gave it as his medico-juridical opinion that he had died from disease of the heart and liver. The jury returned a verdict of "Death from Natural Causes."

"MUDGEE (From our own Correspondent) . . . INQUESTS", Freeman's Journal (4 November 1876), 10

Two inquests have been held during the past week, one at Apple-tree Flat and the other at the Mudgee gaol. The subject of the first; was the body of a man named James Lucas Brandon, who died at the aforementioned place rather suddenly. The verdict of the jury, which was in accordance with the medical testimony, was to the effect that the deceased died from natural causes . . . - October 30th.


Musician, professor of music and dancing, organist, piano tuner

Active Maitland, NSW, 1853


Musician, comedian, pianist

Active Beechworth and Bendigo, VIC, 1857


Musician, vocalist, banjo player, minstrel, serenader, member of Howard's Serenaders, delineator, comedian

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1853
Active Sydney, NSW, until August 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (12 January 1853), 1 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. Established in New South Wales in 1850.
MESSRS. HOWARD have the honour to announce that they will again appear before the Sydney public
THIS EVENING, Wednesday, January 12, In the Saloon of the Royal Hotel, with a powerful company . . . the second part of the evening's entertainment, will be devoted to a display of some wonderful feats of Magic and Legerdemain, by Signor Blitz, pupil of Anderson, a gentleman recently arrived in Sydney . . .
PART I. Overture - Company
Commence ye Darkies - G. B. Howard
Juliana Johnson - C. V. Howard
Whar de Gum Waves - C. A. Upson
Ole Tar Ribber - J. Brenni
Come Back Stephen - W. Howson
Phoebe Morel - G. B. Howard
My Canoe am on de Ohio - C. A. Upson
Gal wid de Blue Dress on - J. Brenni
Niggers from do Souf - C. V. Howard . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Birkbeck Mason alias Howard (serenader); Charles Voeckler Mason alias Howard (serenader); Charles A. Upson (serenader); Walter Howson (serenader); Howard's Serenaders (troupe); Royal Hotel (Sydney venue)

De gal wid de blue dress on

MUSIC: The gal with de blue dress on (words); and De gal wid de blue dress on (tune)

"HOWARD'S SERENADERS", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (15 February 1855), 2 

This popular company still continue to attract crowded and fashionable audiences at the Royal Hotel. Their concert last night was very well attended, and their [REDACTED] melodies received a large meed of applause. The comic song of "Gal wid a blue dress on," by Mr. J. Brenni, was deservedly encored, as were several other of their songs . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (25 February 1853), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL. Immense Attraction!
First Night of a new Burlesque Operetta, written by Mr. G. B. Howard,
entitled, DE [REDACTED] RIVALS!!! . . .
THIS EVENING, Friday, February 25, the Performances will commence with a new Farcical, Emblematical, Metaphorical, Musical, Poetical, Vocal, Burlesque Operetta, entitled DE [REDACTED] RIVALS !
Mr. Augustus Peter Brown (a gemman in lub) - Charles V. Howard
Julius Caesar Crow (a rival) - J. W. Brenni
Caius Agrippa Snow (anoder candidate) - G. B. Howard
Mark Antony Coal (a heavy father)... C. A. Upson
Miss Rosetta Coal (a fair but fickle lady) - W. Howson.
ACT 1, SCENE 1 - Wake dearest Rosetta, solo, Julius; Dear Julius, dy voice, solo, Rosetta;
What means all this bawling, solo, Coal; Song, When I came, Julius;
Aria, a Darkie Youth, Coal; Solo, Caius, oh! come to me;
Duet, Rosa and Caius, Dear Rosa, my lub; Chorus, Den haste my lub.
SCENE 2 - Song, Brown, Oh! Rosa dear; Duet, Julius and Brown, De angry [REDACTED];
Trio, Julius, Brown, and Coal, Miss Rosetta's gone and bolted; Ballad, Coal, From your grief, my boys;
Trio, Julius, Brown, and Coal, By Coaley's house.
SCENE 3 - Aria, Caius, she hab fled; Song, Rosetta, Dat [REDACTED] a courtin;
Song, Caius, Hark! dearest Rosa; Glee, Brown, Julius, and Coal, De gal has gone;
Quintette, Now no longer; Grand Chorus and Finale, For no use at all in fighting . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 March 1853), 1

Third Night of the new Burlesque Operetta, which is received with shouts of laughter.
THIS EVENING, Wednesday, March 2, the Performances will commence with the following choice selection of ETHIOPIAN MELODIES:
Overture - Caliph of Bagdad - Company
Stop dat knocking - G. B. Howard
Lynchburg Town - C. V. Howard
[REDACTED] ob de Understanding - C. A. Upson
Blue-tail Fly (Banjo Bolo) - W. Howson
Olo Tar Ribber - J. Brenni
Uncle Ned - G. B. Howard
Solo - Banjo - (Christ Church Bells) - J. W. Brenni
Lucy Long - W. Howson
Grey goose and gander - C. V. Howard
To conclude with the celebrated RAILWAY GALLOP.
A lapse of fifteen minutes.
The evening's entertainments will terminate with a new Farcical, Emblematical, Metaphorical,
Musical, Poetical, Vocal, Burlesque Operetta, entitled DE [REDACTED] RIVALS! . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (5 March 1853), 3 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. FIVE in number, viz. -
Chas. V. Howard, George B. Howard, J. W. Brenni, F. Harrington, and Luke West.
Every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evenings, at the Royal Hotel, with a change of programme each evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Harrington (serenader); Luke West (serenader)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1853), 2 

ROYAL HOTEL. HOWARD'S ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS. Continued and increasing success.
Change in the programme, embracing some of the gems of negro melody . . .
TO-MORROW, Wednesday evening, March 23, 1853, in the large Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
Overture - Company
What am de Spot - C. V. Howard
Camptown Races - G. B. Howard
Broadway Swell - L. West
Round de corner Sally - F. Harrington
Down by de Banks - J. W. Brenni
Juliana Phoebiana Constantina Brown - G. B. Howard
Goin ober de Mountain - L. West
Ole Pee Dee - G. B. Howard
Picayune Butler (by request) - C. V. Howard
A lapse of fifteen minutes.
Part II.
Solo - Banjo - J. W. Brenni
Trio - Flute, Banjo, & Bones - Harrington, Brenni, and West
Solo - Flutina - G. B. Howard . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (13 April 1853), 3 

GRAND ETHIOPIAN CONCERT, at the Saloon of the "Rose Inn," Singleton,
on Thursday, the 14th instant, and on Friday, the 15th instant,
assisted by SIGNOR BLITZ, the celebrated Wizard of the South . . .
HOWARD'S SERENADERS and WIZARD! Positively the last Appearance in Maitland! . . .
By particular desire, on Saturday Evening, April 16th, in the Saloon of the "Northumberland."
Overture - Company.
Let's be Gay - G. B. Howard.
Fanny Frail - T. W. Brenni [sic].
Ole Aunt Sally - Fred Harrington.
Hab a Little Dance (by request) - C. V. Howard.
Ole Folks at Home - G. B. Howard.
Dandy Jim - Luke West.
Ole Tar Ribber - T. W. Brenni.
[REDACTED] from the Souf - C. V. Howard.
To conclude with the Railway Gallop.
Doors open at Half-past Seven, to commence at Eight o'clock.
Front Seats, 3s.; Back Seats, 2s.

[Advertisement], Empire (3 May 1853), 1 

THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, 3rd MAY. Second Night of BOMBASTES at half-price.
Wit, Mirth, Fun, Frolic, and Magic.
Second appearance at this Theatre of the WIZARD OF THE SOUTH;
also, Messrs. BRUTON AND BRENNI . . .
The Evening's entertainments will commence, as usual, with MR. BROWN AT HOME.
To be followed (for the second time in this Theatre) by the grand laughable Operatic Burlesque of TOM THUMB . . .
Comic Song, Mr. Bruton . . . Song, Mr. Walter Howson . . . Song, Master Sloman Evans . . .
Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Crow. Pianist, Mr. S. Evans.

ASSOCIATIONS: John W. Bruton (comic vocalist); Thomas Crowe (musician); Olympic Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1854), 1 

SCHOOL OF ARTS. - TO-MORROW, Wednesday evening, 16th August -
On this occasion Mr. Brenni will appear, and sing several of the most popular Ethiopian melodies. -
Tickets, 2s.; reserved seats, 3s.
Overture, "Caliph of Bagdad," for piano, performed by Mrs. Shaw . . .
"Girl with the Blue Dress on," sung by Mr. Brenni, with banjo accompaniment . . .
"Juba this and Juba that," sung by Mr. Brenni . . .
"Dandy Broadway Swell," sung by Mr. Brenni . . .
Banjo solo, "Old Virginia Bells," performed by Mr. Brenni . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Paxton (vocalist); Mrs. Shaw (pianist, accompanist); Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue)

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1854), 5 

A grand musical entertainment was given on the evening of yesterday, at the School of Arts, by Mr. Paxton, on the Songs of Scotland. The programme contained many popular Scottish songs, which were sung with much effect. The vocal efforts of Mr. Brenni, in his Ethiopean melodies and inimitable performance on the banjo, were crowned with immense success. He was repeatedly encored during the evening. The performance of Mrs. Shaw on the pianoforte, is also deserving of praise. The expectations of the very numerous and highly respectable assembly were undoubtedly fully realized, if not surpassed.

[Advertisement], Empire (22 August 1854), 1 

Second appearance of Mr. BRENNI, who will sing some of the most popular ETHIOPIAN MELODIES!! . . .
"Girl with the Blue Dress on" - sung by Mr. BRENNI, with Banjo accompaniment . . .
"Off to Baltimore" - sung by Mr. BRENNI . . .
"Juba this and Juba that "- sung by Mr. BRENNI . . .
Banjo Solo - "Old Virginia Bells" - performed by Mr. BRENNI . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1854), 1 

TO-MORROW EVENING, 30th August, at 8 o'clock,
MR. PAXTON'S Farewell Entertainment on the SONGS OF SCOTLAND.
Last appearance of Mr. BRENNI, who will sing several popular ETHIOPIAN MELODIES . . .
"I Come from the Ohio States," sung by Mr. Brenni, with Banjo accompaniment . . .
"Oh! the Bulgine," by Mr. Brenni . . .
Stop that knocking, Mr. Brenni . . .
Sydney Girls, Mr. Brenni . . .
Fanny Frail, by Mr. Brenni . . .
Cynthia Sue, by Mr. Brenni . . .
"Juba," chaunt, by Mr. Brenni . . .
Banjo Solo, performed by Mr. Brenni . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (8 November 1854), 1 

PROMENADE CONCERTS (a la Jullien) EVERY EVENING. Admission, one shilling.
The best Band in the colony, from the Royal Gardens, Vauxhall, London,
Conductor, Herr Kruse, who will perform the most popular music, consisting of overtures, polkas waltzes, gallops, &c., &c.
Principal vocalists, Miss Flora Harris, Miss Baring, Mr. Hancock, and Mr. J. Fairchild. Pianist, Mr. Emanuel;
and for this evening (Wednesday,) Mr. Brennie, the prince of Ethiopian serenaders, of whose drollery and song, no description can adequately be conveyed.
Song - Mr. Hancock, A National Song.
"Hurrah for the Red and the Blue" - Cook.
Song - Miss Baring, "Lirline" - G. H. Rodwell.
Song - Mr. J. Fairchild, "When other Lips" - Balfe.
Duet - Miss Baring and Mr. Hancock, " What are the wild waves saying."
Ethiopian Song - Mr. Brennie, with Banjo accompaniment, "De Gal wid de blue dress on."
Part II.
Song - Mr. J. Fairchild, "Tom Dowling" - Dibdin.
Song - Miss Baring, "Merry Fairies" - Panoftha [Panofka]
Song - Mr. Hancock, "The Golden Calf" - Glover.
Ethiopian Song - Mr. Brennie, "Old Tar Riber."
To conclude with Solo on the Banjo, "Old Virginny Bells."
Doors open at half-past 7, commence at 8.
Admission to promenade, one shilling; Reserved Seats, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Herman Kruse (musician); Flora Harris (vocalist); Miss Baring (vocalist); Edward Hancock (vocalist); Joseph Fairchild (vocalist); Abraham Emanuel (pianist)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times [SA] (11 April 1855), 4 

MR. DE BRENNI, For the last two years the leading Low Comedian in Sydney, will make his first appearance in Adelaide . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Troy Knight (vocalist, actor, serenader); Royal Victoria Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Adelaide Times (13 April 1855), 3 

Mr. Troy Knight, in accordance with the wishes of his patrons and friends, gave his first of a series of amusements last night, to a moderately filled house. The piece chosen for the entertainment was the "May Queen," the principal parts being taken by Mrs. Lambert, Mrs. Hughes, Mr. Knight, Mr. De Brenni, and Mr. Buckingham. The characters were creditably sustained and the whole went off to the evident satisfaction of the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harriet Lambert (actor, vocalist); Edward Buckingham (dancer, actor)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 April 1855), 1 

THIS EVENING (WEDNESDAY), April 18, Under the patronage of the Stewards . . . Chapman's Band will attend.
The performances will commence with the Operatic Personation of OTHELLO TRAVESTIE;
Duke of Venice, Mr. Warr; Brabantio (a hasty old codger), Mr. Buckingham;
Othello (Moor of Venice, formerly an independent old Nigger from the Republic of Hayti), Mr. De Brenni;
Iago (Othello's, officer, ones a native of the mountain country of Tipperary, Province of Munster, Ireland), Troy Knight;
Roderigo (a very silly youth, and very partial to Mrs. Desdemona), Mr. Rainsforth . . .
Desdemona (a very good-natured lady, wife of Othello, and not a bit too well-treated by him), Mrs. Lambert . . .
The performance will conclude with the laughable Farce of the WIDOWS' VICTIM.
Mr. Twitter (a married gentleman, extremely irritable, extremely imaginative, and extremely jealous), Mr. De Brenni . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Chapman (musician, band leader)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (24 November 1855), 3 

the SABLE BROTHERS, the only true representatives of Negro Life and Character,
at Mr. Hammond's, SATURDAY; at Singleton, MONDAY and TUESDAY;
at Muswell Brook, WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY. See small bills.

ASSOCIATIONS: Felix Garmone (serenader); Sable Brethren (troupe)

"HALL THE WIZARD, AND THE SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 November 1855), 2

On Tuesday and Wednesday evenings, Mr. Hall, at Mr. Hammond's, Fitzroy Hotel, West Maitland, went through a number of tricks to the satisfaction and amusement of numerous audiences. The second part of the performances consisted of songs and duetts by Messrs. Brenni and Felix Garmone, the Ethiopian serenaders. Miss Lucy Long and the Railway Galop were loudly applauded. We understand their last performance will be given at Mr. Hammond's this evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1856), 1 

Immense Attraction. - Engagement of the renowned
SABLE BRETHREN, Messrs. D. Brenni, F. Harrington, and Felix Germone.
MONDAY EVENING. February 4, 1856.
Proframme I. Winchester Quick Step, Band; Glee - "The Wild Racoon track," Company;
Burlesque - "Away she went," D. Brenni; Refrain - "Oh, Boys, carry me along," F. Germone;
Ballad - "Nancy Till," F. Harrington; Song - "The Blue-dress'd Gal," D. Brenni;
Song, "I seed her at de Winder," F. Germone; Medley and chorus - "I wish I was in ole Virginny," F. Harrington.
Medley dance, by Miss Melville.
Programme II. Banjo solo - "Bells with new variations," D. Brenni; Chorus "Jump into my Canoe," Company;
Song - "Camptown Races," D. Brenni; Ballad - "Mary May," F. Germone;
Extravaganza "Get up in de Morning," F. Harrington.
To wind up with the original burlesque of THE HAUNTED HOUSE; or, Half an Hour with the Invisible Spirits.
Dress circle, 3s; side boxes, 2s.; pit, 1s. To commence at 8 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Malcom (proprietor); Malcom's Amphitheatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire (11 February 1856), 1 

- The Greatest Bill of the season and Grand Fashionable night. -
Entirely new and attractive programme by the SABLE BRETHREN, who are re-engaged for four nights more,
MONDAY, February 11th. Astounding Feats of Horsemanship, and Strength.
To conclude with a new Burlesque (as arranged by F. Harrington), entitled
Sambo Augustus Julius Ceasar Tipp, D. Brenni;
Daddy, a henpeck'd specimen, M. Stanwood;
Mammy, a vicious old lady, F. Harrington;
Rosa Angelina Seraphine Squeakini, an elegant young lady, F. Germone.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8. The cheapest amusement in the city.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Stanwood (serenader)

[Advertisement], Empire (14 February 1856), 1 

THIS (Thursday) EVENING the performance will commence with Feats of Equestrianism by Mr. Melville;
to be followed by the performances of the SABLE BRETHREN, who will introduce some of their favourite songs and choruses.
The whole to conclude with the Laughable extravaganza of JACK ROBINSON AND HIS MONKEY.
Characters by F. Harrington, F. Germone, and D. Brenni. J. MALCOM, Manager.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (15 March 1856), 3 

Acting Manager - Mr. J. B. Russell.
Stage Manager - Mr. G. W. Daniels.
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. G. Chittenden . . .
PROFESSOR HALL, THE WIZARD OF THE EAST . . . will again be assisted by the SABLE BRETHREN . . .
Programme . . . Part II. The Sable Brethren, In an entirely new and attractive Programme.
Characteristic Banjo Solo, with oddities, profundities, and comicalities, D. Brenni.
An Interval.
By desire the funny Burlesque, entitled the HAUNTED HOUSE;
[?]bo, (a runaway darkie) - D. Brenni.
Theophilus Lillywhite, a planter - Felix Germone.
[?]te - F. Harrington.
Ghosts, Hobgoblins, &c., by the Company . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Washington Daniels (actor, manager); Prince of Wales Theatre (Bathurst venue); see also [Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (22 March 1856) 2 

[Advertisemment], The Moreton Bay Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (19 April 1856), 3 

WILL arrive in Brisbane by next steamer, and give a series of entertainments in the science of
NECROMANCY, on which occasion the renowned SABLE BRETHREN,
Messrs. D. Brenni, F. Harrington, and Felix Germone, will appear.
N.B. Further particulars will be duly announced. April 16, 1856.

NOTE: There is no record, however, that the troupe ever actually arrived in Brisbane

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser [NSW] (24 May 1856), 3 

Musical and Dramatic Entertainment.
PROFESSOR HALL, Wizard of the East, and the Sable Brothers (Messrs. De Brenni and Felix Germone), will give
On which occasion an Entire Change of Programme will take place and a New Piece be performed, entitled
Theophilus Lilywhite - De Brenni.
The Mysterious Visitor - Felix Germone.
Doors open at Half-past Six; performance to commence at Seven.
FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE Armidale Hospital . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1

OUR LYCEUM THEATRE, under the management of Messrs. Craven and Stephens. -
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN TO-NIGHT. Miss A. M. QUINN, Mr. J. H. VINSON, and the whole of the powerful company with numerous auxiliaries.
On MONDAY, August 25th, the performances will commence with (first time) an entirely new dramatic story
(founded on Mrs. H. B. Stowe's popular work), and written expressly for Miss A. M. Quinn,
with new plot, scenes, situations, and characters by Frank Fowler, Esq., Member of the Literary Institute of the British Empire, &c, of
The overture and entire music composed and arranged by M. Winterbottom;
the new and appropriate scenery painted by Mr. Guy;
the panorama of New Orleans by Mr. Thomas;
the [REDACTED] dances and serenades by the Ethopian Minstrels engaged expressly to give effect to the delineation of slave life!
Leaf I - Kentucky. George Harris (a Creole slave), Mr. H. T. Craven; Drover John (a Kentuckian), Mr. Lambert;
Uncle Tom, Mr. J. H. Vinson; Sam (a persistent [REDACTED]), Mr. W. H. Stephens;
Squibby, Mr. Reading; Sambo, Mr. German; Bingy, Mr. Brenny. Selby's house and plantation.
In the course of the piece - Chorus - "I'll throw myself away," Messrs. Brenny, Reading, German, &c.
Apartment in Mrs. Selby's house. Interior of Uncle Tom's cabin.
Another part of Selby's plantation. Barroom of a Kentucky tavern. Rocky pass and wood. The escape.
Leaf II - The Mississippi river. Penetrate Party-side, Mr. W. H. Stephens; Eva, Miss A. M. Quinn.
Saloon dock of Mississippi steamer. Deck of steamer, and grand panoramic view of Mississippi river. (Thomas.)
Chorus - "Mississippi am a berry fine boat," with banjo and tamborine accompaniment, Messrs. Brenny, Reading, and Felix German.
Deck of steamer, and panoramic view of New Orleans. (Thomas.)
Chorus - "Boatman's Chaunt," Messrs. Brenny, Reading, and German.
Leaf III - New Orleans. Topsy, Mrs. H. T. Craven.
Drawing-room in St. Clair's mansion - Aunt Vermont's bedchamber - Garden at St. Claire - St. Claire's death chamber.
Leaf IV - New Orleans and its vicinity. Simon Legree (a slave owner),
Mr. Drummond (from Theatre Royal, Melbourne, his first appearance).
Sale room of a slave warehouse - Chorus, "Old Folks at Home."
Scene 2. Apartment at St. Clair's - Court-yard and exterior of Simon Degree's house, with whippingpost -
Apartment at St. Clair's - Fall of the Iast leaf - Chamber and death-bed of Eva! . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Eliza Craven (actor, manager, vocalist); William Henry Stephens (actor, manager); Anna Maria Quinn (actor); James Hetters Vinson (actor); Frank Fowler (playwright); John Winterbottom (conductor, composer, arranger); Edmund Thomas (scenic artist); James Waln Guy (scenic artist); Lyceum Theatre (Sydney venue)

"THE DRAMA, MUSIC, AND FINE ARTS. OUR LYCEUM", Freeman's Journal [Sydney, NSW] (30 August 1856), 2 

A new dramatic story entitled "Eva," founded on Uncle Tom's Cabin - from the brilliant pen of Mr. Frank Fowler - was produced at this house on Monday, and has continued every evening during the week with the most complete success . . . The overture and music by Mr. Winterbottom, the stage scenery by Mr. Guy, the panorama of New Orleans by Mr. Thomas, the wardrobe by Miss Franks, the [REDACTED] dances and serenades by the "Ethiopian Minstrels," Messrs. Brenny, Reading, German, &c., do the Management great credit, and added not a little to the effective production of a piece, which maybe pronounced as one of the most successful that has been brought out in these colonies . . . Frank Fowler will have an author's benefit on Tuesday evening next . . .

BREWER, Francis Campbell (Francis Campbell BREWER; Frank Campbell BREWER; F. C. BREWER)

Musical amateur, music and drama reviewer, journalist

Born Willenhall, Staffordshire, England, 21 October 1826; baptised St. Giles, Willenhall, 16 November 1826; son of Edmund BREWER (1799-1891) and Ann WHITEHOUSE (1806-1857)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, "October 1834" (his father arrived 15 September 1834 as a convict per Roslyn Castle, from England, 22 May 1834)
Married Mary Anne CUMMINS (c. 1830-1892), NSW, 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1911, aged "85" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Willenhall Chapelry in the county of Stafford in the Year 1826; register page 249; Staffordshire baptisms (PAYWALL)

No. 1988 / 16 of November [1826] / Francis Campbell Son of / Edmund & Ann / Brewer / Little London / School Master . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: His parents had married at Bushberry, Staffordshire, on 1 December 1825; his father was convicted of embezzlement and forgery (forging a bill of exchange) at the Worcester Assizes, 6 March 1834, and transported as a convict on the Roslyn Castle, which arrived in Sydney on 15 September 1834

[Advertisement], Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 8 August 1859), 1 

F. Brewer, Esq. . . . With power to add to their number . . .
J. R. CLARKE. Honorary Treasurer.
H. N. MONTAGU, Honorary Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (deceased), late conductor of the Sydney University Musical Festival (event); Jacob Richard Clarke (treasurer); Henry Neville Montagu (secretary)

"EUROPEAN DRAMATIC and MUSICAL ARTISTS in AUSTRALIA. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1891), 6 

SIR - The professional visits of the leading music and dramatic artists of Europe to these colonies show that Australia has reached a position of attractiveness for them equal to any other country outside Europe . . . In music, too, the Australians may be said to have heard the works of the best composers and some of the best of their exponents, both vocal and instrumental. I have myself heard over 60 operas in Sydney, including those of Mozart, Weber, Meyerbeer, Rossini, Bellini, Auber, Gounod, Flotow, Donizetti, and Verdi. As vocalists of the highest order I may mention Sara Flower, who between 40 and 50 years ago was one of the three great contraltos of Europe, the others being Alboni and Miss Dolby, and of whose departure from London many years ago for Australia Sir Archibald Michie, then in England, expressed surprise in a letter he wrote to the Herald holding the position she then did in the world of music. Catherine Hayes, Anna Bishop, Ilma di Murska, Carlotta Patti, Madame Patey, and Madame Melba, who have sang in Sydney, while the incomporable Santley has only just left our shores . . . Moreover, both in music and drama, Australians have a standard by which to judge not inferior to that of any other country in the world . . .
I am, &c., F. C. BREWER. July 9.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist); Catherine Hayes (vocalist); Anna Bishop (vocalaist); Ilma De Murska (voccalist)

"EDWARD SMITH HALL. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1891), 7

Sir,- In the speech made by Sir Henry Parkes at the luncheon he gave on Monday, at Hampton Villa, to the "survivors" of the advent of responsible government in Australia, I was indeed gratified that he mentioned as one of tho noblest patriots of this country, the name of Edward Smith Hall. In 1835, I think it was on December 12, I commenced my career on the press under Mr. Hall, who was then and had been for some years the proprietor and editor of the Sydney Monitor . . .
I am, &c., F. C. BREWER.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Smith Hall (newspaper editor); Henry Parkes (politician)

"PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1892), 6

From the New South Wales Commissioners to the World Columbian Exposition we have received a copy of a substantial pamphlet, entitled "The Drama and Music in New South Wales," by F. C. Brewer (Charles Potter, Government Printer). Mr. Brewer is known to be an authority on the history of both the dramatic and musical interests in this colony. As he explains in the preface to this book, he brought to the task of its preparation a experience of 56 years on the metropolitan press, which, or course, has given him an intimate practical knowledge on the subject of which he treats. This special knowledge he has drawn upon freely in this record which, however, is evidently all too brief for the stores of recollections Mr. Brewer would otherwise have been able to place at the service of his readers. As it is his record is ample enough as a record, and exceedingly interesting as well. Many old familiar names reappear here, and many recollections, some pleasing and not a few sad, will be revived in the minds of old playgoers by a perusal of these pages. Mr. Brewer begins his story with the opening of Mr. Barnett Levy's first Theatre Royal in Sydney in 1832, and concludes it by the mention of the fire at the theatre of the same name in June last. Turning the pages rapidly, one finds references to sell names as Coppin, Kemble, the Carandinis, G. H. Rogers ("large-hearted, genial, and full of wit of the right ring"), G. V. Brooke, and very many others, old and new, among the latter being that of Madame Sara Bernhardt. The musical record is not less interesting. It begins with the Taylor concerts in Bent-street in 1835, and names the Deanes, Nathan, Sara Flower, Miska Hauser, Anna Bishop, W. Saurin Lyster, Squires, and Lucy Escott, Catherine Hayes, and other well known to local musical fame. A rather full record of the appearances of each, with some comment, accompanies each name. As we have intimated, this interesting publiclication has been issued for transmission to the United States, in connection with the Chicago Exhibition.

ASSOCIATIONS: Barnett Levey (manager); Theatre Royal (Sydney venue); George Coppin (actor, manager); George Herbert Rogers (actor, vocalist); Maria Taylor (vocalist); John Philip Deane and family (musicians); Isaac Nathan (musician, composer); Miska Hauser (violinist); Lyster Opera Company (troupe); Lucy Escott (vocalist); Henry Squires (vocalist); see also "THE COLONIAL STAGE", The Australasian [Melbourne, VIC] (6 August 1892), 23 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8

BREWER. - November 23, 1911, at the residence of his son-in-law, J. B. Despointes, Loreto, Rosalind-street, North Sydney, Francis Campbell Brewer, journalist, aged 85 years. No flowers, by request.

"A PIONEER JOURNALIST. DEATH OF MR. F. C. BREWER. A MEMORY OF EARLY SYDNEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8

One of the oldest journalists of Australia Mr. Francis Campbell Brewer, died yesterday morning, at the age of 85 years at Loreto, Rosalind-street, North Sydney, the residence of his son-in-law Mr. J. B. Despointes. He was born in Stourbridge, Staffordshire, England, and received his early education at Redhill School, of which his father was headmaster, and afterwards at a private school in Reading, Berkshire. Mr. Brewer arrived in Australia with his parents in October, 1834, and two years later, entered the Sydney "Monitor" office, under articles to Mr. Edward Smith Hall to learn what was then styled the "professional art of printing." At that time there were no newspapers published outside the town of Sydney, the papers then in existence being the "Gazette" (the first journal started in Australia), the "Monitor," the "Sydney Herald, the "Times," the "Commercial Journal," "The Australian" (the organ of Mr. Wentworth), and the "Colonist" (the organ of Dr. Lang). The first paper to start as a daily was the "Sydney Herald."

In 1839 Mr. Hall disposed of the "Monitor" and the articles of service being cancelled, young Brewer entered the office of the "Sydney Herald," the proprietors then being Messrs. Stephens and Stokes. In 1841 the "Herald" was purchased by the late Mr. John Fairfax and Mr. Charles Kemp, and under these gentlemen Mr. Brewer completed his legal term of his articled service (eight years).

In consequence of suffering from severe pain in the head, Mr. Brewer was advised to seek a change of climate, and in July of 1848 proceeded to Melbourne, in the district of Port Phillip, which was then a part of New South Wales. He there joined the "Patriot" the first paper published in Melbourne, started by John, or, as he was more familarily known, "Johnny" Fawkner. It was during Mr. Brewer's residence in Melbourne that the interest of Mr. Curr, then town clerk of Melbourne, in the "Argus" was sold by auction, and purchased by Mr. Edward Wilson.

Mr. Brewer returned to Sydney in the early part of 1849, and again joined the "Sydney Morning Herald." After filling some minor positions, he was appointed principal overseer of the printing department, having as his colleague the late Mr. Samuel Bennett. While holding this position he began to take part in the literary work of the paper, constantly assisting the sub-editor. During the season of the Lyster Opera Company, and the second visit of Madame Anna Bishop to Sydney, he contributed musical notices, and he was also entrusted with the task of reviewing the performances of the late Mr. Charles Kean, Walter Montgomery, and other prominent musical artists.

In 1865 Mr. Brewer was appointed night editor of the "Herald," the chief editor being at that time the Rev. John West - a position he held until 1877. In November of that year he went to England to fulfil certain duties in the London office of the "Sydney Morning Herald," and remained until August, 1879. Before leaving Sydney for London Mr. Brewer was presented with an address from the printing department of the paper, and a testimonial from the literary staff, and on the day of his departure a steamer was chartered to accompany the P. and O. vessel by which Mr. Brewer was passenger to the Heads, having on board about 150 of his companions in the employ of the various departments of John Fairfax and Sons. On his return to active duties in the office he was for a time sub-editor of the "Herald," and then was appointed to the editorial chair of the "Echo," an evening paper, published from the "Herald" Office, a position he held for about seven years. His connection with the "Herald" and with the press ceased in 1891.

In 1892, at the desire of the New South Wales Commission for the Chicago Exhibition, Mr. Brewer compiled a history of the progress of the drama and music in New South Wales, and at the suggestion of the late [?] A. Renwick made it more of a work of reference than an essay. A year later failing eyesight, which eventually resulted in total blindness, precluded active work on the press, and since that time Mr. Brewer remained in retirement with his family.

On the inauguration of the second volunteer movement in Sydney, Mr. Brewer received a commission as first lieutenant in No. 6 company in the Sydney Battalion, Sir James Fairfax at the same time receiving a commission as captain in No. 3 company in the same force. Shortly afterwards the New South Wales Rifle Association was formed, of which Mr. J. Grafton Ross was honorary secretary. On the retirement of Mr. Ross a few years after, Mr. H. C. Dangar and Mr. Brewer were elected honorary secretaries, and the latter held the position for about 11 years. It was during this period that the rifle contest took place between Victoria and New South Wales for a challenge shield valued at £300. The shield was subscribed for equally by both colonies - the conditions being that it must be won three times in succession to become the property of the successful colony. After a contest lasting six years, it was won by New South Wales, and is now in the Sydney Museum.

Mr. Brewer, who had been ill for over four months, leaves five sons and three daughters. His sons are Messrs. Edmund, Frank (postal service), Harry (Treasury), George, and Walter Brewer, and his daughters are Mrs. J. B. Despointes, Mrs. T. H. Barlow, and Mrs. Arthur Barlow. His wife pre-deceased him by 19 years.

"VETERAN JOURNALIST DEAD. November 23", The Telegraph [Brisbane, QLD] (24 November 1911), 6 

Mr. F. C Brewer, a well known journalist, who formerly was connected with the Sydney "Morning Herald" for many years, died to-day, at the age of 85 years. Mr. Brewer was a pioneer of the Press in New South Wales. Born at Stourbridge, England, on 21st October 1826, he was educated in his native town and afterwards at a private school in Reading. He arrived in Australia with his parents in October, 1834 (says John's "Notable Australians"), and in 1836 he entered the Sydney "Monitor" office, under articles to Mr. E. S. Hall . . .


F. C. Brewer, The drama and music in New South Wales ("Published by authority of the New South Wales Commissioners for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893") (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892) (DIGITISED)

PREFACE. In the following pages I have given a brief history of the progress of the Drama and Music in the mother Colony of Australia, from the period when both arts had established institutions only in Sydney. I bring to my task the experience of fifty-six years on the metropolitan Press of this country, and therefore a great part of this pamphlet is written from what came under my personal knowledge. In a work so limited it is impossible to do more than briefly chronicle the numerous events connected with these important elements in the progress of New South Wales; but as a record I presume to think it will be not only interesting, but of use to a very large section of the population of this and other Colonies of Australia. A more comprehensive record would occupy much time and fill volumes. As this pamphlet is intended for transmission to the United States in connection with the Great Exhibition at Chicago, numerous readers in America will be gratified to learn how large a part the actors and musicians of that country took in the development of the kindred arts in Australia, of which a record is now offered by the New South Wales Commissioners for their perusal.
Corunna, Waverley, June 30, 1892.

BRICKWOOD, Winifred Amelia (Winifred Amelia BRICKWOOD; Mrs. John CALLAGHAN)

Musician, professsor of music, pianist, composer

Born Stoke Dameral, Devon, England, c. 1839; daughter of Arthur Peter BRICKWOOD (1812-1883) and Winifred Amelia DAVIES (1808-1887)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 March 1847 (with mother, per Euphrates, from London and Portsmouth, 25 October 1846)
Married John CALLAGHAN (1837-1915), York Street Wesleyan Church, Sydney, 2 January 1865
Died Mosman, NSW, 5 August 1922, aged "83" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Arthur Peter Brickwood, a professional seaman, married Winifred Amelia Davies at Stoke Dameral, Devon, in 1837. Their daughter, Winifred Amelia, was probably born sometime in 1838 or 1839.

Arthur Brickwood abandoned his family and contracted a bigamous marriage in Honolulu in October 1846. The same month, his deserted first wife, Winifred, and two children Richard (1837-1912) and Winifed, sailed for Australia.

Miss W. A Brickwood's The Randwick mazurka (Sydney: W. J. Johnson) was published in August 1863.

A second print, "The AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown," was advertised as published at W. H. Paling's, Wynyard-square, in December 1864. Unfortunately, no copy has been identified, but given its title and timing the print may well have been a setting of some of the recently published "Australian melodies" by poet J. Sheridan Moore (husband of the singer Flora Harris).

Moore's collection had been reviewed in The Sydney Morning Herald in August that year. W. J. Macdougall had previously set two of the poems, The wail from England in 1862 (lost), and The beauty that blooms in Australia ("No. 1 of Australian national Melodies") (Sydney: Wilkie & Elvy, 1863).

On 2 January 1865, Winifred Amelia Brickwood married John Callaghan. The couple were living at Holyrood House, Kingston, Newtown in 1873, and in Botany-street, Moore Park in 1887. She died at her residence, Warrawee, Mosman, in 1922.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 March 1847), 2 

March 2. - Euphrates, ship, 720 tons, Captain Monro, from London, having left Portsmouth on the 25th October. Passengers - Mr. J. Jacobs and wife and child, Mr. A. Lyons, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, sen., Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, jun., and two children, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Brickwood and two children, three Misses Davis, Mr. Davis, Miss Lloyd, Miss Straffon.

Sands' Sydney directory for 1865 (Sydney: John Sands, 1865), 182 (DIGITISED)

Brickwood, Miss Winifred, professor of music, Egan-street, Newtown

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1865), 1

On the 2nd instant, at the Wesleyan Church, York-street, Sydney, by the Rev. Benjamin Chapman, John, youngest son of Samuel Callaghan, Surry Hills, to Winifred Amelia, only daughter of Arthur Brickwood, R.N., and grand-daughter of the late P. Davies, R.N., and P. Brickwood, R.N., of Launceston and Newport, England.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1922), 8

CALLAGHAN. - August 5, Winifred Amelia, relict of the late John Callaghan, aged 63 years, at her residence, Warrawee, Killarney street, Mosman.

Musical works:

The Randwick mazurka (1863)

The Randwick mazurka, pour le piano, dedié à Madame Dutruc, par W. A. Brickwood (Sydney: For the composer by W. J. Johnson & Co., [1863]); "J. Degotardi" (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1863), 6

THE RANDWICK MAZURKA, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown; 2s. 6d. JOHNSON and CO., and all music sellers.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Jonathan Johnson (publisher); John Degotardi (engraver, printer); Louise Eulalie Dutruc (musical amateur, teacher of languages)

The Australian melodies (1864)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1864), 1

JUST PUBLISHED, the AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown.
Copies can be had only at W. H. PALING'S, Wynyard-square.


Bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

THE SPACIOUS HALL, SYDNEY COLLEGE, Having been kindly granted for this occasion to MR. NATHAN,
BASSOS. - Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Callaghan, and Mr. Waller . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (conductor, composer); William Griffiths (vocalist); James Waller (vocalist)

BRIDSON, Michael Vicary (Michael Vicary Michael BRIDSON; M. V. Bridson)

Organ builder and pianoforte maker, cabinet maker

Born Wexford, Ireland, c. 1802
Married Lucy VICARY (d. 1877), St. George, Dublin, 15 November 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 9 March 1854 (per Marian Moore, from Liverpool, 26 December 1853, aged "51")
Died Yaamba, near Rockhampton, QLD, 29 July 1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRIDSON, Thomas Vicary (Thomas Michael BRIDSON; Thomas Vicary BRIDSON; T. V. Bridson)

Musician, pianist, organist, organ builder, choir leader, conductor, pupil of Adolphe Logier

Born Dublin, Ireland, c. 1826; son of Michael Vicary BRIDSON (c. 1802-1869) and Lucy Amy VICARY (d. 1877)
Married Sarah Anne BELL, St. George, Dublin, Ireland, 3 December 1851
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 December 1853 (per Admiral Van Heemskerk, from London, 19 August)
Died Rockhampton, QLD, 14 August 1869, aged "43" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRIDSON, Sarah Anne (Sarah Anne BELL; [1] Mrs. Thomas Michael BRIDSON; Mrs. BRIDSON; [2] Mrs. John KINLOCH)

Musician, vocalist, pianist, professor of the pianoforte and singing, pupil of Adolphe Logier

Born Ireland, c. 1829; daughter of Henry BELL and Isabella ANDREWS
Married Thomas Michael BRIDSON, St. George, Dublin, Ireland, 3 December 1851
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 December 1853 (per Admiral Van Heemskerk, from London, 19 August)
Died Swan City, WA, 20 July 1915, aged "86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRIDSON, Mary Philippina (Mrs. Henry BRIDSON) = Mary Philippina RYAN

Musician, vocalist


Thomas Bridson was born in Dublin, Ireland, about the year 1826, his parents, Michael Vicary Bridson (of Wexford) and Lucy Vicary [sic] having married at St. George's, Dublin, on 15 November 1824. His younger brother Henry Bridson (c. QLD, 1911) was baptised at St. George's on 10 September 1827, when the family were living at 6 North William Street, and Michael's trade was given as cabinet maker. In an 1838 Dublin directory, the family was listed as living at 40 Harwicke Street, and Michael's trade pianoforte maker.

Giving his full name as Thomas Michael Bridson, he married Sarah Anne Bell at St. George's, Dublin, on 3 December 1851, when Michael (who was a witness) gave his trade as organ builder.

In Dublin, probably in the mid to late 1840s, both Thomas and Sarah were pupils of Adolphe Logier - Robert Adolphus Logier (1818-1864), youngest son of the late John Bernard Logier (d. 1846), at the family's Logierian Academy, in Dublin, where Thomas was also an instructor. Sarah was also a pupil of the Dublin musician John Smith.

The family left Dublin in 1852, Thomas and Sarah sailing from London in August for Sydney, and Michael and his wife and two youngest children from Liverpool in December for Melbourne, Henry perhaps having arrived earlier.

In May 1869, Thomas arrived alone in Rockhampton, QLD, where his parents were already based, on what was intended to be a visit of only some months. He was already reportedly in declining health, and, his father Michael having predeceased him just two weeks earlier at nearby Yaamba, Thomas died at Denis's Hotel, Rockhampton, on 14 August 1869.

In 1863, Sarah's pupil, Mary Philippina Ryan, had married Thomas's younger brother Henry Bridson in Sydney, and they also later relocated to Rockhampton.

In Sydney in 1870, the widowed Sarah married a family friend, John Kinloch, M.A, mathematician, son of the late Sydney organ-builder John Kinloch.


Marriages, St. George [CoI], Dublin, the year 1824; register page 55; Irish Church Records (DIGITISED)

No. 185 / Michael Vicary Bridson, Esq. of the Town of Wexford, & Lucy Vicary, Spinster of this Parish
Married in this Church by Consistorial this [15 November 1824] . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. George in the County of Dublin in the year 1827; register page 9; Irish Church Records (DIGITISED)

No. 69 / 10th September [1827] / Born 13th August 1827 / Henry / [son of] Michael Vicary & Lucy / Bridson / 6 North William St. / Cabinet Maker . . .

Dublin almanac and general register of Ireland for . . . 1837 (Dublin: Pettigrew and Oulton, 1837), 389 (DIGITISED)

Bridson Michael Vicary, pianoforte maker, 40 Hardwicke-street.

General Advertiser for Dublin (3 April 1841), 1

[Advertisement], General Advertiser for Dublin, and all Ireland (3 April 1841), 1 (PAYWALL)

SERAPHINES - M. V. BRIDSON begs to acquaint the Nobility, Clergy, and Gentry, that he has manufactured a superior description of Instrument, on a new and improved principle, which for richness of tone and style of workmanship, cannot be surpassed.
On inspection they will be found to answer for a large or small place of Worship, having the power of being raised or lowered to any pitch.
M. V. B. is quite confident any person wanting such cannot be disappointed, as the price is very moderate.
To be seen at 15, Hardwicke-street.

"EXHIBITION OF IRISH MANUFACTURES", Dublin Morning Register (9 June 1841), 3 (PAYWALL)

. . . Mr. Bridson, of Hardwick-street, exhibits a pianoforte and seraphine, both of which instruments appear highly finished and of excellent tone . . .

Slater's national commercial directory of Ireland (Manchester: I. Slater, 1846), (DIGITISED)

[DUBLIN] ORGAN BUILDERS. Bridson Michael Vicary (and pianoforte), 15 Hardwick st

The Dublin almanac, and general register of Ireland, for . . . 1847 (Dublin: Pettigrew and Oulton, 1847), 459 (DIGITISED)

Bridson Michael Vicary and Son, organ builders, and pianoforte manufacturers, Sallypark, Philipsburgh avenue

[Advertisement], General Advertiser for Dublin, and all Ireland (11 November 1848), 2 (PAYWALL)

LOGIERIAN ACADEMY, conducted by Mrs. LOGIER, assisted by her DAUGHTER and her Son, Mr. ADOLPHE LOGIER . . .

"DEATHS", Freeman's Journal [Dublin, Ireland] (13 January 1851), 4 (PAYWALL)

January 6, in his 19th year, Mr. Benjamin Vicary Bridson, son of Mr. Michael Vicary Bridson, 90, Lower Dorset-street, after a leog and protracted illness, which he bore with Christian resignation.

1851, marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of St. George in the City of Dublin; register page 69; Irish Church Records (DIGITISED)

No. 138 / 3'd Decem'r 1851 / Thomas Michael Bridson / Full / Bachelor / Gentleman / Gt. Lower Dorset St. / [Son of] Michael Vicary Bridson / Organ Builder
Sarah Anne Bell / Full / Spinster / - / Sally Park Drumcondra / [duaghter of] Henry Bell / Clerk in Registry Office / [Henry Bell and Michael Bridson witnesses]

Australia (from 28 December 1853):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", Empire (29 December 1853), 2 

December 28 - Admiral Van Heemskerk, Dutch ship, 1002 tons, Captain P. Kley, from London, August 19th. Passengers, Intermediate . . . Mr. and Mrs. Bridson . . .

Names and descriptions of passengers per Marian Moore, from Liverpool, 26 December 1853, for Melbourne, arrived 9 March 1854; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. Bridson / 51 / Gent. / [all] English [sic]
Eliza [Bridson] / 17 / Spinster // Mrs. [Bridson] / 51 // Jordan [Bridson] / 15

ASSOCIATIONS: Jordan Roche Bridson (born 18 November 1836, baptised St. George Dublin, 19 March 1837; died QLD, 12 July 1889

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1854), 2

Monsieur and Madame Herwyn's Second Soiree Musicale.
MONSIEUR and MADAME HERWYN have the honour to announce that they will give their Second Soiree Musicale,
at their Residence, 8, Church-hill, TO-MORROW Evening, 7th intsant.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 2. One moonlit Eve - Mrs. Bridson . . .
PART II . . . 2. Song - Ah! gia s'offu al mio pensiro [sic] - Mrs. Bridson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Celestine Herwyn (musicians)

MUSIC: One moonlit eve (Meyerbeer, adapted to words by W. H. Bellamy); Ah gia soffre al mio pensiero (Ricci)

"M. AND MADAME HERWYN'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (8 March 1854), 2 

We had much pleasure in attending the second of these delightful reunions last night, although our gratification was somewhat modified on the performers' account, by observing a scanty attendance. We were in hopes that in this golden age, as in the Augustan era, the refinement of the popular taste would increase in some proportionate ratio with the means of its gratification. But perhaps it was unreasonable to expect that taste in art, which requires an education, and some degree of familiarity with its exercise, should all at once descend with the golden shower with which this artistic desert has been blessed. Amid the engrossing occupations which fall to the lot of all in a new country, it is too rarely the case that intellectual pursuits receive attention, the indulgence in aesthetic pleasures rather mark a period of luxurious leisure, which it is possible that Sydney will be many years before it sees . . . Mrs. Bridson, a new candidate for public favour, made a pleasing impression in two airs which she sang. Her voice is a mezzo soprano, of considerable power, and she has that excellent faculty of being always in time. Her voice would be well suited to a larger room, and would there make a considerable impression, as she is evidently a musician in heart as well as by profession . . .

"THE LEICHHARDT CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1854), 5 

This long-talked of entertainment, projected for the benefit of the mother of Dr. Leichhardt, took place last evening at the Victoria Theatre. The public freely responded to the generous intention of the gentlemen who planned the concert. A brilliant and crowded house rewarded and justified their exertions . . . Both M. Herwyn and his wife enjoyed a perfect triumph. We also, feel bound to notice the success of Mrs. Bridson, a debutant whose powerful voice was heard with much better effect than in a small room. Her duet with M. Ellard, from Lucrezia Borgia, was given with considerable feeling . . . The concert was under the immediate direction of Mr. S. H. Marsh . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Ludwig Leichhardt (late explorer); Stephen Hale Marsh (conductor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)


. . . Mrs. Bridson, who only made her second appearance last night before a Sydney audience, sung "I follow Thee" in a very spirited and effective style; the higher notes, which are very numerous in the piece, were given out with peculiar richness and power, and the company enthusiastically applauded and encored the performance. At a subsequent part of the evening, this lady sang with Mr. Ellard a duet from Lucrezia Borgia, but hardly infused into the execution that amount of passion which the scene suggests . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Ellard (vocalist)

MUSIC: I'll follow thee (Henry Farmer)

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Empire (27 June 1854), 2 

The members and friends of this Society were entertained last evening to a Concert of Sacred Music, at the Hall of St. Mary's Seminary. The principal pieces were selected from Handel's "Messiah," consisting of airs, recitatives, and choruses . . . The soprano solos were sung with great taste and effect by Miss Harris and Mrs. Bridson, especially in Mr. Nathan's sacred anthem "The Names of Christ." Mr. Nathan acted as conductor with his usual enthusiastic abandon. The audience, which comprised the Governor-General and several members of the Legislative Council, was very numerous; and we understand that in consequence of the disappointment of many who were unable to obtain admission, the concert will be repeated in the course of a few days . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Flora Harris (vocalist); Isaac Nathan (conductor, composer); Charles Fitzroy (governor); St. Mary's Choral Society (association)

MUSIC: The names of Christ (Nathan)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1854), 1 

PROGRAMME OF THE ORATORIO to take place in St. BENEDICT'S CHURCH, on the 30th instant.
PART I . . . "Quoniam tu solus sanctus " - Sopr. Solo - Mrs. Bridson - HAYDN . . .
PART II . . . "On mighty pens" - Mr[s]. Bridson . . .

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 October 1854), 2 

The third concert of this society was given in St. Mary's Hall on Monday evening, and gave unqualified satisfaction to a numerous and fashionable assemblage. The programme was a brilliant one, and amongst its principal items were Rossini's celebrated prayer, "Dal tuo stellato soglio," and the elegant quartetto, "Mi manca la voce," from Mose in Egitto," which were sung with exquisite taste and feeling, and gave general delight. The leading tenor parts of Osiride were executed by a French gentleman, who possesses a splendid tenor voice, with the Barrytone quality, and whose singing called forth just demonstrations of approval. The part of Elcia was well executed by Mrs. Bridstone, whose voice is a soprano of considerable compass and flexibility. She was rapturously encored in Nathan's finale of his Opera in "Merry freaks in troublous times," "Though storms and perils" . . .

MUSIC: Trho' storms and perils (Nathan, finale, to Merry freaks in troublous times)

"CONCERTS IN AID OF THE PATRIOTIC FUND", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (16 June 1855), 2 

Two amateur concerts have this week been given in Maitland in aid of this fund, the one on Wednesday evening, in the Rose Inn, West Maitland, and the other last evening, at the Court House, East Maitland. On Wednesday evening the large room of the Rose Inn was crowded to excess. All who took part in the performances exerted themselves to the utmost in their efforts to please the audience. The piano and violin duet of Messrs. Kellermann and Ellis was executed with a skill which brought down a rapturous encore . . . Mrs. Bridson's songs were received with deserved applause; and the performances of the Maitland Glee Club, although of but recent formation, were fully enjoyed . . . Mr. Sullivan's solos on the cornet-a-piston were most tastefully executed . . . The piano forte accompaniments and conducting of Mr. Kellermann were in his usual first-rate style. Altogether, the concert was of a very superior description . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Kellermann (piano); Mr. Ellis (violin); Henry Philip Sullivan (cornet)

"SECOND AMATEUR CONCERT ON BEHALF OF THE PATRIOTIC FUND", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 June 1855), 2 

. . . Mrs. Bridson gave an Italian and French song and the song "Oh give me but my Arab steed" was sung with great taste and feeling . . . The gem of the evening however was we believe admitted to be the comic duet, between Mrs. Bridson and Mr. Kellermann, of A B C, in which an English lady undertakes to teach a foreigner the English language . . .

MUSIC: Oh give me but my Arab steed (Hodson); A. B. C. (Parry)

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1856), 4 

. . . By a somewhat impolite arrangement, Mr. Frank Howson and Mr. Winterbottom gave their concert at the Royal Hotel on one of Madame Anna Bishop's nights. The attendance, consequently, was not so good as it would otherwise have been; but, the audience, if not very numerous, was, at all events, select, and, therefore, the more discriminating in its applause. This was plentifully bestowed, as the following list of encores will show: "'Tis I,'tis I," and "There's a path by the river," very prettily warbled by Mrs. Craven; "O Erin, my Country," by Mrs. Bridson, who is neither known nor appreciated sufficiently as a vocalist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist); John Winterbottom (musician); Anna Bishop (vocalist); Eliza Craven (vocalist)

"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1856), 9 

A PUBLIC MEETING of the subscribers towards the re-building of St. John's Church, took place in the Parochial Schoolroom, on Wednesday evening last, for the purpose of receiving the report of the Building Committee . . . In addition to these works, the organ presented to the church, by the late Rev. H. H. Bobart, had been repaired by Mr. Bridson, and the expense defrayed by a special collection, made by the exertions of Mrs. Rowling . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Hodgkinson Bobart (clergymen); St. John's church (Parramatta)

"MUSIC AND THEATRICALS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (16 August 1856), 5 

Great preparations are making at the Prince of Wales Theatre for the production of a series of Oratorios and Sacred Concerts on a scale not hitherto attempted in Sydney. Mr. Taylor has purchased for these grand and attractive entertainments, a first class Organ, the manufacture of the celebrated house of Gray and Davison, New Road, London . . . The organ is being erected under the direction of Mr. Bridson, assisted by Mr. Kinloch. The mechanical department is under the direction of Mr. F. B. Cooper, the mechanist of the two Theatres, and who is displaying his well-known skill in the work. As the Organ, when used, must be placed under the proscenium, Mr. Cooper has constructed a tramway by means of which, the instrument whose weight is about three tons, can be removed to and fro with the-greatest ease . . . We may add, that the fine Organ of St. Patrick's Church, Church-hill, was manufactured by Messrs. Gray and Davison, and that the Organ of St. James' Church was built by Mr. Gray, before Mr. Davison joined the firm.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Kinloch (organ builder); Gray and Davison (London organ builders); Thomas Taylor (lessee, manager); Frederick Brown Cooper (machinist); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney venue)

"NEW ORGAN", Freeman's Journal (30 August 1856), 2

We have been to hear the splendid organ just erected in the English Opera House by Mr. T. V. Bridson. It is undoubtedly one of the finest in struments of the kind in these colonies. The tone is of the roundest and richest quality; and under the delicate touch of Mr. Packer, its effect is truly thrilling. The instrument moreover, is of the most beautiful and finished manufacture. The diapasons possess a remarkably fine tone. The clarionet-flute is most delicious, combining the qualities of both the instruments, from which the stop derives its name. The instrument is 16 feet in height, 10 feet in breadth, 8 feet in depth, and contains in all nineteen (19) stops, which are distributed as follows: -
Pedal Organ. - Grand open Diapason, 16 feet.
Great Organ. - Open Diapason, stopped Diapason, Basa, Clarionet Flute Treble, Principal, Dulciana, Twelfth, Fifteenth, Sesquialtra 3 ranks, Trumpet.
Swell Organ. - Double Diapason, open Diapason, stopped Diapason, Principal, Fifteenth, Cornopean, and three Copulas or connecting stops.
The Bellows have two distinct feeders, which work alternately, thus producing a constant supply of air.
The compass of the Great Organ and Swell ranges from CC to F in alto.
The Pedal Organ, two octaves and one-eight, from CCC to D.
We cannot conclude without congratulating the public on this addition to its sources of rational enjoyment, and at the same time reminding it of its debt of gratitude to the spirited proprietor Mr. Taylor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Sandys Packer (musician)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1856), 1 

ORGAN FOR SALE. - Fine-toned finger Organ, suitable for a place of worship or private dwelling, containing stop diapason, dulciana, principal, and fifteenth; compass five octaves, from G to G. Apply to Mr. BRIDSON, 3, Queen's-place.

"THE JUBILEE AT ST. BENEDICT'S", Freeman's Journal (9 May 1857), 2 

. . . The first High Mass was celebrated on Tuesday by the Rev. J. F. Sheridan . . . Mozart's No. 12 was sung by the Cathedral choir, conducted by the talented and Rev. Mr. Curtis. We very much admired the middle movement of the Gloria. We never hear that majestic Quoniam Tu solus Sanctus, but we fancy that we have a faint glimpse of the All Holy. The Benedictus is one of the most charming morceaux that ever was written. The Soprani were Miss Stewart, Mrs. Bridson, and Mr. Peter Curtis; the Alta, Madame Lamont; the Tenor, Mr. Howson; and the Bass, Mr. Banks . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry (John Benedict) Curtis (conductor); Peter Curtis (vocalist); Maria Augusta Lamont (vocalist); John Howson (vocalist); Thomas Banks (vocalist); St. Benedict's church (Sydney)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1857), 8 

NOTICE. - Mr. THOMAS VICARY BRIDSON begs to state that he is not the Thomas Bridson whose name has lately been in the Insolvency Gazette.
He gives this public notice in consequence of having experienced some inconvenience, and even injury in his business relations.

DISAMBIGUATION: Thomas Bridson (Sydney publican)

[Advertisement], Empire (2 November 1857), 1 

Tickets, with programme, to be had of Mr. Crouch, George-street, 2s. each; gallery, 1s.
Selections from the Union Harmonist. Doors open at half-past seven.
Conductor - Mr. Massey. Organist - Mr. Bridson.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Massey (conductor)

MUSIC: The union harmonist, a selection of sacred music consisting of original and standard pieces, anthems, &c., suitable for use in Sunday schools, congregations, and musical societies arranged by Thomas Clark of Canterbury (London: The Sunday School Union, 1841)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1858), 7 

SINGING and SIGHT SINGING taught on the most approved principle; also, the Pianoforte, on the Logierian system, by Mrs. BRIDSON, 96, Palmer-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1858), 1 

ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. - The Members of the Choir of the above Church are requested attend,
THIS DAY, at four o'olock, for a full rehearsal of Haydn's No. 2 Mass.
THOMAS VICARY BRIDSON, organist and choir master.

ASSOCIATIONS: St. Patrick's church (Sydney)

MUSIC: Mass in C no. 2 (Haydn, Novello edition numbering = Tempore belli/Paukenmesse, Hob.XXII:9)

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1858), 1 

On the 14th June, at her residence, 96, Palmer-street, Mrs. T. V. Bridson, of a son, stillborn.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1859), 2

MRS. BRIDSON, Professor of the PIANOFORTE and SINGING, 90, Palmer-street.
Lessons in Sight Singing, and Theory on the system either of A. Logier [sic] or of Dr. Smith, under both of whom Mrs. Bridson studied.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Smith (1795-1861; Dublin musician)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 February 1859), 1 

Mrs. BRIDSON visits MISS GLOSTER'S ladies' school, Garnerville House, on MONDAYS and THURSDAYS, and will be happy to visit private pupils in that neighbourhood on those days.

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1859), 5 

The sixth and last concert of the season of this society was given yesterday evening in the hall of the Exchange . . . The vocal duo, "In Yonder Bower," which concluded the programme, was very sweetly sung by Madame Sara Flower and Mrs. Bridson, and enthusiastically applauded. Altogether, the concert went off admirably, terminating soon after ten o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1859), 1 

ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. - The members of the choir of the above Church, together with the undermentioned artists, Madam Sara Flower, Mrs. Bridson, Frank Howson, John Howson, and Mr. Sussmilch, who have been expressly engaged for the rendering of the music of the Mass, on THURSDAY, the 17th, are requested to attend a full REHEARSAL on THIS DAY, Wednesday, at four o'clock.
THOMAS VICARY BRIDSON, Organist and Choir Master.
ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. - HIGH MASS will be celebrated, at 11 o'clock, on THURSDAY next, the Feast of the Patron Saint of Ireland . . .
The Music selected - Haydn, No. 3 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist); Christian Bernhard Sussmilch (vocalist)

MUSIC: Mass in D no. 3 (Haydn, Novello edition numbering = Imperial/Nelson mass, Hob.XXII:11)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1859), 1 

ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. - Madame Sara Flower, and Messrs. F. and J. Howson, as also Mrs. Bridson and Mr. Sussmilch, and the other members of the choir, are requested to attend the REHERSAL of Haydn's Sixth Mass, for Easter Sunday, at 4 o'clock THIS DAY.
THOMAS VICARY BRIDSON, organist and choir-master.

MUSIC: Mass in B flat no. 6 (Haydn, Novello edition numbering = Harmoniemesse, Hob. XXII/14)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1859), 1 

THE PEOPLES' CONCERT. - The first of a Series will be given in the
on MONDAY EVENING, 26th instant, under the management of Mr. T. V. BRIDSON.
The following artists have already been engaged, viz.,
Madame Flora Harris, Mr. John Howson, Herr Sussmilch, Mr. Banks, (Musical Director of St. Mary's Cathedral), and Mr. Richardson have, in the most handsome manner, signified their intention of rendering their services on this occasion.
Glee - The Wreath - Mazzinghi - Madame Flora Harris, Messrs. J. Howson and Banks.
Song - The Standard Watch - Lindpainter - Mr. Sussmilch.
Canzonet - Truth in absence - Harper - Madame Flora Harris.
Song - Mr. Banks.
Solo, flute - Il Trovatore - Pratten - Gentleman Amateur.
Ballad - Of what is the old man - Knight - Mr. J. Howson.
Glee - Come o'er the brook - Bishop - Madame Flora Harris, Messrs. J. Howson, Sussmilch, and Banks.
An Interval of Ten minutes.
Trio - The Magic wove Scarf - Barnett. - Madame Flora Harris, Messrs. J. Howson and Banks.
Spanish Serenade - Listen, Love - Kucken. - Mr. Sussmilch.
Song - Willie, we have missed you - Foster. - Madame Flora Harris.
Solo Pianoforte - Benedict. - Madame Jaffa.
Song - There is a Flower - Wallace. - Mr. J. Howson.
Quartette - Lo, the Early Beam - Balfe. - Madame Flora Harris, Messrs. J. Howson, Sussmilch, and Banks.
Song - Mr. Banks.
Glee - The Curfew - Attwood. - Madame Flora Harris, Messrs. J. Howson and Banks.
Mr. Charles S. Packer will preside at the Grand Pianoforte . . .
Admission - Front seats, 1s.; back seats, 6d. Programmes to be had at the doors, one penny each.

ASSOCIATIONS: John James Mallcott Richardson (flute); People's Concerts (Sydney series); Temperance Hall (Sydney venue)

"PEOPLE'S CONCERTS AT THE TEMPERANCE HALL", Empire (27 September 1859), 4 

A problem is solved. Cheap concerts for the people are a great fact! The public of Sydney are indebted to Mr. T. V. Bridson, and the managers of the Temperance Hall for a very excellent entertainment, at a mere nominal charge for admission. Owing to the difficulties experienced in obtaining professional assistance by the enterprising originators of these popular concerts, who are actuated only by a most philanthropic motive, the means placed at their command were limited; nevertheless, the undertaking was at once seen to be so excellent in spirit that the Hall was crowded in every part, including the reading-room. Never did a concert in Sydney go off with greater eclat; the enthusiasm and applause were vociferous, almost double encores being required; and the audience, consisting in great part of the fair sex, listened even to classical music, with a degree of attention that would have shown critical judgment even in the most refined musical public . . .

"THE PEOPLE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1859), 5 

With a view to the moral and social improvement of the people, the first of a series of cheap concerts waa given yesterday evening in the Temperance Hall, in connection with the New South Wales Alliance. This is evidently a step in the right direction, and it must have been highly gratifying to the committee to meet, at their first concert, so large a body of the class the amelioration of whose condition they have in view. Cheap concerts in England have proved successful, not only as aids in the cause of temperance, but also as incentives to the attainment of proficiency in the musical art, and, in many instances, they have been sufficiently remunerative to pay liberally for the service of first-class artists. But even there, very valuable assistance is rendered by amateurs, and very often there, as here, professionals are found generous enough to co-operate without regard to the usual fees of their profession. It by no means follows because these concerts are cheap that therefore the music is characterised by that other quality which distinguishes things cheap only in name. Thc concert of last night was a sufficient proof ta the contrary. With the exception ot tho substitution of a romance with variations, instead of the selections from Il Trovatore set down as the flute solo to be performed by Mr. Richardson, there was no deviation from the programme . . .

"SOCIAL", Empire (12 November 1859), 4 

. . . At the Exchange, on the evening of the 7th, the third of the People's Concerts, under the enterprising management of Mr. T. V. Bridson, was well attended, though in consequence of the number of political and social meetings in various parts of the city, and the public having become used to the central situation of the Temperance Hall, the room was not so well filled as on the occasion of the previous concerts. Nevertheless, these entertainments will ultimately be successful. A rational evening's amusement for one shilling is evidently to be preferred to the trash occasionally dished up for the amusement of the public; and Mr. Bridson deserves the warmest encouragement for his perseverance and energy.

ASSOCIATIONS: Exchange Hall (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1859), 1 

UNDER the distinguished patronage of his Excellency the Governor-General, Sir W. T. DENISON, K.C.B.
CONCERT FOR THE PEOPLE. Mr. T. V. BRIDSON has the honour to announce to the public his intention of giving one of those highly popular Concerts, to take place
THIS EVENING, November 7th, in the Great Hall of the Exchange.
The following artists have been engaged - Mrs. Bridson, Madam Flora Harris,
Miss Ryan (pupil of Mrs. Bridson's, her first appearance), Mr. Packer, Mr. Banks, Mr. Sussmilch, Mr. Leveson, and others of equal ability . . .
Mr. C. S. Packer, musical conductor.
Mr. Richardson, the celebrated flutist, has kindly contributed his services on this occasion.
Admission one chilling, reserved seats (numbered), two shillings . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Denison (governor, patron); Mary Philippina Ryan (vocalist); John Leveson (vocalist)

"CONCERTS FOR THE PEOPLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1859), 5 

Yesterday evening the first of a series of "People's Concerts," under the management of Mr. T. V. Bridson, was given in the great hall of the Sydney Exchange. It will be remembered that a similar series, for the same object, was commenced a few weeks since in the Temperance Hall; but, in consequence (it is stated of the want of harmony unhappily existing at present between the Alliance Committee and the trustees of the Hall) the concerts were discontinued. Such being the result with regard to the concerts, Mr. Bridson, with a most praiseworthy motive - his object being to furnish a counter-attraction to the ale-house and other resorts of a questionable character - has determined on, and made arrangements for giving a series of twelve concerts in the Exchange. The two distinguishing characteristics of these concerts are to be, excellence in the performances, and cheapness. If an equal degree of efficiency in the performances to that which attached to the inaugural concert last night is maintained throughout the series, and at the same prices of admission, those two characteristics - quality and cheapness - will be fully realised. The undertaking will involve a considerable outlay, but the enterprising projector relies on the patronage of the public for indemnification. The programme for last night consisted of a judicious selection of popular pieces, comprising a great variety of good music . . . The efforts of both vocalists and instrumentalists were received with frequent tokens of approval by the audience which was large, highly respectable, and discriminating.

[News], Empire (17 January 1860), 4 

The People's Concerts, under the management of Mr. T. V. Bridson, were resumed at the Temperance Hall laat evening, and promise to become a great fact. Well selected programmes, good artistes, and one shilling admission are all the points necessary to establish a musical entertainment for the people, which as encouragement for the progress of music, deserve the very warmest support. We were glad to see a very numerous audience at the re-commencement of the concerts last night, on which occasion the following artists rendered valuable assistance: - Mrs. Bridson, Madame Flora Harris, Miss Ryan, Messrs. John Howson, Banks, and Charles Packer (conductor.) As usual the encores were very numerous, showing a great degree of popularity for music and executants, each of whom thus came in for a due share of double duty. Mr. John Howson well merited the encore he received in Proch's "Alpine Horn." We are glad to find this vocalist selecting the beautiful gems of German song. They cannot fail to be admired when known. Glover's duet "O'er the Hill," by Mrs. Bridson and her pupil Miss Ryan was also very sweetly, and consequently re-demanded, as was also Mrs. Bridson's "Forest Fairy." Madame Flora Harris sang Lavenu's "I cannot Sing To-night, and "Effie Sunshine," for the encore of which she substituted Mrs. Norton's "Juanitas." The songs of Mr. Banks were, of course, re-demanded, and others substituted. The concerts are certainly most likely to infuse amongst the people a taste for music.

"LECTURE ON ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC", Empire (12 March 1860), 5 

A LECTURE on ancient Irish music, with vocal and instrumental illustrations, was delivered by J. H. Plunkett, Esq., at St. Patrick's Hall, last night, assisted by Mrs. Bridson, Mrs. Cordner, Miss Ryan, Mr. Cordner, and some of the gentlemen of St. Patrick's choir. Mr. T. Bridson presided at the piano . . . In the vocal part of the entertainment Mrs. Bridson sang the "Harp that once through Tara's Halls" with her accustomed ability . . . "The last Rose of summer," probably the most popular of all Moore's melodies, was then sung by Mrs. Bridson. "Go where glory waits thee," by Mrs. Bridson and Miss Ryan. "The young may moon," as a quartet, by Mrs. Bridson and Miss Ryan, Mr. Cordner, and a gentleman. "I saw from the beach," by Mrs. Bridson and a tenor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hubert Plunkett (lecturer); William and Ellen Cordner (vocalists)

"MADAME SARA FLOWER'S FIRST CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal [NSW] (2 May 1860), 2 

On Monday Evening last this lady gave her first Concert in the large room at Mrs. Leeds' Victoria Hotel; and offered to a Bathurst audience certainly the greatest musical treat ever experienced over the Mountains. Madame Flower was accompanied in several duets by Mrs. Bridson, a lady of considerable talent, not only as a pianiste; but as a songstress. The two Iadies took the piano alternately, the accompaniments on which, were executed by each in the most chaste and accurate style . . . Mrs. Bridson is a lady evidently worthy of her position as an assistant to Madame Flower. Her powers of modulation, the great compass of her voice, and the accuracy of her execution whether in song, duet, or at the instrument, render her an extremely valuable companion in the concerts now being given . . .

"THE GRAND CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (16 May 1860), 2 

The principal topic of conversation amongst many of our townsfolk for some little time past, was the Grand Sacred Concert, announced to take place in the Court House last Monday evening . . . About half-past eight o'clock, the singers having taken their places, Mr. Phillips, who presided at the Harmonium, played Mozart's 12th Mass, after which Mr. Black, sang in a very superior style, the beautiful Recitative - "In splendour bright," from the "Creation," which was immediately followed by the Grand Chorus of "The Heavens are telling," which was sung by Madame Flower, Mrs. Bridson, Mr. Black and the ladies and gentlemen selected from the Choir of All Saints' Church, in a manner that reflected the highest amount of credit upon the performers . . . Mrs. Bridson then delighted the audience with Haydn's Recitative and Aria "And God said" and "With verdure clad" which were vociferously encored and was on the second occasion rendered, if possible, more beautifully than on the first . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Reddie Black (vocalist)

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1860), 4 

The third concert of the season took place last night, at the Schoolroom, Castlereagh-street, when Haydn's oratorio, the Creation, was produced. The audience on this occasion was the smallest we have ever seen present at the society's concerts, and did not exceed two hundred. The rainy weather, however, sufficiently accounted for the thin attendance, but the weather was not so bleak as to deter Sir William and Lady Denison and family from being present. The performance was a great success from beginning to end, and the principal singers acquitted themselves admirably . . . Mrs. Bridson interpreted that beautiful air, " With verdure clad," to the entire satisfaction of the audience, who applauded her loudly. She sang it so as to fill the ear with delightful sounds and to satisfy the heart and in the trio in the second part, commencing "Most beautiful, appear, with verdure young adorned," Mrs. Bridson sustained her part with great credit . . . Mr. Packer played the organ with the hand of a master, and drew forth the soul of his instrument. Mr. Cordner's ability as a conductor and trainer is sufficiently proved by the advance the society has made under his able direction. Last night's performance is the finest we have yet heard from the society.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society (association)

"MUSICAL", Empire (25 February 1861), 4 

BREVITY having necessarily characterised our notice of the last Philharmonic concert, we are desirous of adding a few remarks in accordance with the then expressed intention . . . One of the most lovely vocal beauties was Packer's "O'er the far Mountain," a trio from the opera of "Sadak and Kalasrade;" it was sung by Mrs. Bridson, Miss M. Brady, and a gentleman amateur, with feeling, but wanting a little more practice. The grace of the melody, and the richness of the harmonies of this piece create in us the desire to hear more of this opera . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Matilda Brady (vocalist); Sydney Philharmonic Society (association)

MUSIC: O'er the far mountain (Charles Sandys Packer, from Sadak and Kalasrade)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (25 April 1861), 1 

begs to inform the residents of Maitland that, having been engaged to tune the Organ recently purchased by the Rev. Mr. Thackeray, for Maitland, intends proceeding on the 29th of this month for that purpose, and during his stay solicits their patronage to tune and regulate organs and pianofortes on the following terms.
Organs, £1 per stop; above five 10s. each.
Pianofortes, 12s. 6d.; full grands, £1 1s, each.
References kindly permitted to W. Kellerman, Esq., Professor of Music, Maitland.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Robert Thackeray (musical amateur, Anglican cleric)

"THE CONCERT TO-MORROW EVENING", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 September 1861), 3 

In a late issue we noticed some of the additions and improvements made to St. Paul's Church. Amongst the more prominent of these was the new organ, which, with its sweetness of tone and sufficiently powerful body of sound, aids materially in the celebration of divine service within the church. There still remains a debt upon the Instrument, notwithstanding the exertions of the Rev. R. Thackeray towards defraying its cost; and to-morrow evening a grand concert will be given at the School of Arts, with the view of raising a sum to meet the deficiency . . . Mr. Kellermann will preside at the pianoforte, and Mr. Bridson at the aeolophon; and the concert will consist of both sacred and secular music . . .

"ORPHEONIST SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1861), 4 

A special general meeting of the associates of the society was held on Thursday evening, at Mr. Cane's School-room, for the purpose of electing a music director . . . and the original motion for the appointment of Mr. Callen was carried by a large majority. The secretary reported that the managers had engaged Mr. Sussmilch as elementary teacher and choral leader. The announcement was received with loud applause. The following new associates were duly elected Messrs. Finlay, Park, Humphrey, and Brewer, and Mr. T. V. Bridson as honorary associate, by acclamation.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Douglas Callen (musical director); Orpheonist Society (association)

"ORPHEONIST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1862), 4 

The first quarterly subscription concert of the season of the Orpheonist Society was given, yesterday evening, at the School of Arts. The new hall of that institution was brought into use for the first time; and while its spaciousness and appropriate decoration elicited general admiration, it was pronounced to be well adapted for sound - giving a beautiful echo without any reverberation. There were between five and six hundred persons present . . . The second part of the concert consisted of the principal vocal portions of Auber's opera "Masaniello," the characters being represented by Mrs. Bridson, Mr. F. Ellard, and gentlemen amateurs . . . Mr. D. G. Callen officiated as conductor, and Mr. T. V. Bridson played the accompaniments; Mr. Sussmilch was very efficient as choral leader. The performances gave great satisfaction, and terminated at a convenient hour.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue)

"ORPHEONIST SOCIETY", Freeman's Journal (15 November 1862), 3 

An extra concert of the Orpheonist Society was given on Wednesday evening in the hall of the School of Arts and attracted a very large audience. The programme was a very excellent one . . . but its great feature was a selection from Handel's Israel in Egypt, introducing the chief portions of that sublime composition. The very difficult and trying choruses with which the work abounds and which are among the finest of any of Handel's compositions, were exceedingly well given by the choral members of the Society, and although the loss of an orchestra is sensibly felt in works of this description, Mr. Bridson made up for the deficiency as far as could be done by the excellence of his performance on the organ, a new instrument built by Mr. Kinloch of this city and very kindly lent by him to the Orpheonist Society by whom it was used for the first time on Wednesday night . . . The second part consisted of a miscellaneous selection in which Mrs. Bridson sang with great effect the difficult waltz which Madame Bosio and Madame Gassier made so celebrated in London some years ago . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1863), 1 

On THURSDAY EVENING, April 9th, at the Masonic Hall. First time of performance of the new oratorio
I. N. R. I. THE CROWN OF THORNS; Or, Despair, Penitence, and Pardon, The words and music by CHARLES S. PACKER.
PROGRAMME . . . Duett. - "For as the truth." - Mrs. Bridson and Mr. Banks . . .
Conductor - Mr. W. J. CORDNER. Organ - CHARLES S. PACKER . . .

MUSIC: For as the truth (Packer, from The crown of thorns)

"PRESENTATION TO MRS. T. V. BRIDSON", Sydney Mail (23 May 1863), 2 

The committee and many of the members of St. Andrew's Scots Church have presented Mrs. Bridson (whose vocal talents are well known to the musical world of Sydney) with a very elegant gold watch and chain, of superior workmanship, as a mark of especial acknowledgment for her voluntary assistance in connection with the choir of that congregation, of which this lady is a member . . .

"ORGAN PERFORMANCE At THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 August 1863), 3 

On Monday evening the new organ, belonging to the Rev. Mr. Thackeray, and recently erected in the School of Arts, was, for the first time in West Maitland, played upon publicly. Notwithstanding the disagreeable state of the weather and streets, the hall was well filled with a respectable and intelligent audience, who seemed fully to appreciate the skilful manipulation of the performers - Messrs. T. V. Bridson, M. H. Wilson, and J. Broderick. The entertainment was most agreeable, and was evidently well enjoyed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marmaduke Henry Wilson (musician); James Patrick Broderick (musician)

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1864), 6 

An amateur concert, under the direction of Mr. T. V. Bridson, took place in the schoolroom adjoining Trinity Church, on Monday evening, the 5th instant, in aid of the funds for the alteration of the organ in that church.

ASSOCIATIONS: Trinity (Garrison) church (Sydney)

"CUSTOMS IMPORT ENTRIES. - JUNE 16", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1864), 4 

. . . 1 organ, T. V. Bridson . . .

"TRINITY MUSICAL AND SOCIAL INSTITUTE", Empire (30 September 1864), 4 

Another of those societies, formed for the purpose of keeping together the members of a congregation, and affording rational and intellectual entertainments, gives its first performance this evening, at the Trinity school room . . . The musical portion of the programme embraces solos, quartettes, and choruses by Wallace, Mendelssohn, Sir H. Bishop, Elizabeth Stirling, Mazzhin[g]i, and Muller . . . under the able direction of Mr. Bridson, organist of the church.

"CHRISTMAS DAY AT ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH", Freeman's Journal (31 December 1864), 5 

. . . The mass was entoned by the good missionary priest, Father Garavelle . . . The choir, conducted by Mr. Bridson, the organist at St. Patrick's, sang the whole of Mozart's glorious 12th mass. Although it is not usual to speak of such performances in critical terms, in this case where it would be impossible to utter anything but words of praise, we must depart from the usual custom. Nothing could have been more chaste and beautiful from first to last than the way in which the mass was sung; from the perfect accompanyment of the organist to the finished voices of the leading members of the choir, nothing could have been finer. The splendid voice of Mr. John Bushell (who is an honorary member of the choir) took up the bass solo in the "Kyrie," followed by the equally fine voice of the leading tenor, and these two seemed as if made for each other so equally were they balanced. The "Tutti" part then followed with the full burst of chorus, and was grand in the extreme, the fine voice of Mrs. Bridson, and the other lady amateur, who leads the sopranos, ringing through the church with power and taste. The pianos and fortes being justly regarded throughout, and which has always been the charm of St. Patrick's choir. Next folllowed the "Gloria," which was beautifully rendered throughout, except only a small hitch for a few bars made in a third lead by the tenors in the "Cum Sancto Spiritu," that most difficult movement. However to make amends, in the "Credo" the tenor sang the lovely "Et incarnatus est" exquisitely and without fault, and the whole Credo went as smoothly and as evenly as the "Kyrie." The "Sanctus" and "Benedictus" followed, and the solo commencing the "Agnus Dei" was beautifully sang by the principal amateur lady contralto. At the offertory, the old Catholic hymn, "Adeste Fideles," as arranged by Novello was sung by the choir in a manner which we consider perfection. All this reflects the greatest credit on Mr. Bridson, who has only within a month taken the conductorship of this choir, but his heart and soul seems to be with the music of our Holy Church, and the labor which others would complain of is a delight to him, so it ever has been, and will be with talented men of refined tastes such as he is . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Butler Bushelle (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1865), 7 

pupils of Logier, the former of whom taught in his Academy, now conduct classes on his System, at their residence, 15, Lower Fort-street.
Attention is particularly drawn to the special advantages which beginners derive from the proper use of the chiroplast, and the books adapted to it, which ensures the correct position of the hands.
Classes meet from 9 to 10 a.m., and 4 to 6 p.m.


Yesterday afternoon, in the Prince of Wales Theatre, and in the presence of between five and six thousand people, the Rev. W. Taylor (of California) delivered a funeral oration on the death of the late President Lincoln . . . The organ, presided over by Mr. Bridson, gave the key, and all joined in singing the following hymn: - "My Country, 'tis of thee . . ."

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. AND MRS. BRIDSON", Sydney Mail (18 November 1865), 4 

Some friends of Mr. and Mrs. T. V. Bridson have lately exerted themselves in their behalf by getting up for their benefit a complimentary concert, which came off on Thursday at the Masonic Hall. The event proved that these deserving artists have troops of musical friends who are ready to exert their talents in their cause, and also more well wishers who are ready to show their sympathy, and also enjoy an evening's amusement at the same time. The orchestra and the solo performers embraced a large number of the musical amateurs of the city; and the audience was very large and indulgent . . . There were, however, some professional performers that must have satisfied the most fastidious, amongst which we may mention as chief the exquisite violin playing of Mr. Heine, the admirable pianoforte performance of Mrs. Heine and Madame Jaffa, and the singing of Mrs. Cordner . . . Amongst the other features of the concert must not omit to notice a solo on the violoncello by Mr. E. Deane, a performance of very great merit. Mr. Cordner and Mr. Bridson officiated as accompanyists; the choruses were conducted by Mr. Sussmilch.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph and Ada Heine (violin, piano); Rebecca Jaffa (piano); Edward Smith Deane (cello)

"ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL", Freeman's Journal (25 November 1865), 743 

A few weeks ago when a collection was made for the purchase of a harmonium, we suggested at the time that in place of this an organ should be procured. We are now glad to report that this opinion was shared in by most of the Catholics who attend St. Mary's, and by their liberal contributions they showed that they preferred an organ. Fortunately such an instrument was for sale and without loss of time the authorities at St. Mary's purchased it. Mr. W. J. Cordner, the organist, and Mr. Bridson, a practical organ manufacturer, speak very highly of it, and think it will answer all the requirements of the temporary cathedral. It was used for the first time last Sunday.

"ST. PATRICK'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Sydney Mail (17 February 1866), 2 

On Monday, the first concert of St. Patrick's Choral Society took place in St. Patrick's Hall, under St. Patrick's Church, on Church hill. There was a large appreciative audience, and every thing went off well . . . Mr. T. V. Bridson - who it is understood, instructs the young men in the choir - acted as accompanyst last night, with his usual good taste and skill . . . In spite of the many undesirable qualities of the room much or the programme was excellent - especially the singing of Mrs. Bridson, of her relative, and of several other lady members.

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", Freeman's Journal (24 March 1866), 177 

Last Saturday, the 17th March the festival of St. Patrick was duly celebrated in Sydney and throughout the colony . . . The religious services were conducted in that church specially devoted to cherish the memory of St. Patrick, on Church Hill . . . The church was crowded by persons from all parts of Sydney, anxious to join in the religious ceremonies of the day, before commencing the other festivities. High mass was celebrated by the Rev. Father Lallan . . . The music was unusually grand, the choir performing the whole of Haydn's mass, No. 16. As an offertory piece, the celebrated duett, "Beata nobis Gaudia" was beautifully sung by the principal tenor and bass. At the conclusion of mass, and as the procession retired to the sacristy, Zingarelli's "Laudate Dominum" was well sung by the choir, assisted by the St. Patrick's choral society, numbering upwards of forty voices. Mr. T. V. Bridson, organist and choir master, presided at the organ . . .

MUSIC: Mass in B flat, no. 16 (Haydn, Novello edition numbering = Theresienmesse, Hob.XXII:12)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 October 1867), 1 

MR. AND MRS. BRIDSON'S Music Classes on the Logerian System, 16, Lower Fort-street.
Theory - Wednesdays, at 9.30. Singing - Saturdays, at 10.30 a.m.
Mrs. BRIDSON has leisure for two pupils on Tuesdays and Fridays.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1868), 7 

PIANOFORTE AND SINGING. - Mr. and Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupils of Logier, teach on his system, which by the use of the CHIROPLAST, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily.
Terms at ELVY and CO.'S, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Hammond Elvy (musicseller)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1869), 4 

PIANOFORTE and SINGING.- Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupil of Logier, teaches on his system, which by the use of the chiroplast, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily.
Terms - at her residence, 7, George-street North; or at ELVY and CO.'S., George-street.

[Advertisement], Northern Argus [Rockhampton, QLD] (24 April 1869), 3 

MR. T. V. BRIDSON, Professor of Music,
Organist of St. Patrick's Church and Holy Trinity, Sydney;
Organist to LYSTER'S Royal Italian and English Opera Troupe;
Accompanyist to the ORPHEONIST Society, and Conductor of various MUSICAL SOCIETIES and CONCERTS,
Begs to announce to the residents of Rockhampton and vicinity his arrival from Sydney
FOR A SHORT PERIOD ONLY for the purpose of giving Lessons and FINISHING Lessons on the ORGAN, HARMONIUM and PIANOFORTE.
All applications will be strictly attended to by addressing TUITION, NORTHERN ARGUS, Office, until 1st of May next.
Organs, Harmoniums, and Pianofortes thoroughly Tuned.

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin and Central Queensland Advertiser (4 May 1869), 2 

ONE of the objections felt by persons in the country districts, and even in Rockhampton, to buying first-class harmoniums or pianos, is the difficulty of getting them tuned by persons who really understand their work. Our philharmonic societies, glee clubs, and other musical socicties, have hung fire from the want of some presiding and directing power - a man competent not only to play himself, but to teach others to play and sing effectively. We believe, from what we have seen and heard of Mr. Bridson's playing, that if he can be induced to prolong his stay in Rockhampton, he will infuse new life into our musical bodies. Mr. Bridson is an accomplished musician, and has held leading positions in connection with the cathedrals, operatic troupes and the musical societies of Sydney, where he is well known. He purposes staying three or four months in Rockhampton, and is prepared to give lessons on the organ, harmonium, and pianoforte, and to tune these instrument thoroughly.

"SACRED MUSIC", Northern Argus (15 May 1869), 2 

We understand that Madame Carandini and her daughters have kindly consented to sing at the Catholic Chapel to-morrow evening. Mozart's No. 12 Mass, and Haydn's No. 3, are we hear selected, and that Mr. T. V. Bridson will preside at the harmonium.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini and daughters (vocalists)

[Advertisement], Northern Argus (17 May 1869), 3 

Who upon this occasion will be assisted by MR. T. V. BRIDSON,
and Several Lady and Gentlemen Amateurs, who have kindly offered their services.
The first part will comprise selections from "The Messiah," "Creation," Elijah," and Mozart's 12th Mass.
Kyrie Eleison - "Mozart's 12th Mass" - Madame Carandini, the Misses Rosina and Fannie, Mr. Sherwin, Mr. Bridson and Amateurs . . .
Gloria in Excelsis - "Mozart's 12th Mass" - Madame Carandini, the Misses Carandini, Mr. Sherwin, Mr. Bridson and Amateurs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Walter Sherwin (vocalist)

"DEATH", Northern Argus (31 July 1869), 3 

BRIDSON. - On the 29th instant, at Yaamba, Michael Vicary Bridson, Esq., aged 67 years.

"SUDDEN DEATH", Northern Argus (16 August 1869), 2 

We regret to state that Mr. Bridson, who arrived in Rockhampton some time since, and who has been engaged in giving finishing lessons on the Pianoforte, expired on Saturday morning last.

"DEATH OF MR. BRIDSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1869), 4 

The Rockhampton Bulletin of the 17th instant reports the death of Mr. Bridson, organist of the Roman Catholic Church, which took place on the 14th instant, at Denis's Family Hotel, Derby-street. The deceased had been about four months in Rockhampton, and his health, from the time of his arrival, appeared gradually to decline.

[Advertisement], Northern Argus (1 September 1869), 3 

Notice. - All Persons indebted to the late Mr. T. V. BRIDSON, will please Pay what they Owe to the undersigned Without Delay.
FRANK N. BEDDICK, Agent Curator Intestate Estates.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1869), 9

BRIDSON - August 14th, at Rockhampton, Thomas Vicarez Bridson, late of Sydney, and eldest son of Michael F. and Lucy Bridson, of Yaamba, Queensland.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1870), 2 

SINGING and PIANOFORTE. Mrs. BRIDSON, pupil of Logier, teaches on his system, which by the use of the Chiroplust and the books adapted to it enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily.
Terms at ELVY and CO.'S, George-street; or at her residence, 24, Wynyard-square.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1870), 1

On the 29th instant, at University Hall, Hyde Park, by the Rev. R. Lewers, of St. Andrew's, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald, JOHN KINLOCH, Esq, M.A., to SARAH ANN, relict of the late T. V. BRIDSON, Esq., and only daughter of Henry Bell, Esq., Sally Park, near Dublin. No cards.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1872), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1877), 1 

BRIDSON. - July 9, at Canoona, Queensland, Lucy Amy, the wife of the late Michael Vicary Bridson, Esq., daughter of the late Thomas Vicary, Esq., Dublin, sister of the late Captain Vicary, of H.M. 11th Regiment, Tasmania, and mother of the late Thomas Vicary Bridson, of this city.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1878), 12 

Music (vocal and instrumental), Mrs. KINLOCH (pupil of Logier (fils), and Dr. Smith, Trin. Col., Dublin.) . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1883), 2 

PIANOFORTE. Mrs. KINLOCH (formerly Mrs. Bridson),
pupil of Mons. Adolphe Logier, on whose principle she teaches, and from whom she holds a high certificate, intends forming classes for children at her residence, close to REDMYRE Station, and at Mr. Ezold's, 403, George-street.
Mrs. Kinloch is at home 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Tuesdavs and Fridays.

"Death of Mr. Kinloch, M.A.", Evening News (10 April 1897), 5 

Mr. J. Kinloch, M.A., died in the Prince Alfred Hospital yesterday . . . Latterly he suffered from ill health and disappointment at the non-success of his career. He leaves a widow.

"DEATH", Morning Bulletin [Rockhampton, QLD] (17 August 1911), 1 

BRIDSON. - On the 18th June, 175 Talford-street, Mr. Henry Bridson, father of the late Mr. E. P. Bridson, of Longreach, and second son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Michael Vicary Bridson, of Yaamba, leaving a widow to mourn his loss. - R.I.P.

"DEATHS", The West Australian [Perth, WA] (21 July 1915), 1 

KINLOCH. - On July 20, 1915, at her son's residence, Greenmount, Western Australia, Sara Anna Kinloch, relict of the late John Kinloch, M.A., Sydney University, and mother of H. St. John Bridson, of Lands and Survey Department Perth.

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme D. Rushworth, Historic organs of New South Wales: the instruments, their makers and players 1791-1940 (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, 1988), 81-83 

BRIGGS, William (William BRIGGS)

Amateur musician, music copyist, composer, legal clerk, notary, solicitor

Born London, England, 15 July 1828; baptsied St. James, Piccadilly, 28 December 1828; son of Thomas BRIGGS and Elizabeth HICHOLSON
Married (1) Charlotte Sarah NICHOLSON ["widow" d'ARGEAVEL] (1819-1879), Stoke Damerel church, Devon, England, 4 July 1853
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 November 1853 (per Windsor, from London, 28 July)
Married (2) Elizabeth ROURKE, West Maitland, NSW, 11 November 1879
Died Elizabeth Bay, NSW, 13/14 May 1910. aged "81" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


At Stoke Damerel church, Devon, on 4 July 1853, William Briggs, aged 25, married his maternal cousin, Charlotte Sarah Nicholson, vicomtesse d'Argeaval, aged 32. Charlotte claimed to be a widow, but was actually long separated from her French husband, Alexander d'Argeaval (1797-1877), who was still-living, and the therefore bigamous marriage, witnessed by Charlotte's mother and William's aunt, Anne Elizabeth Nicholson (d. NSW, 1860), was almost immediately followed by the departure of the trio for Australia, together with 3 of Charlotte's children, the youngest of whom, Amy Henrietta (1852-1919), was also William's daughter.

By late 1854 or early 1855 the family was settled at Maitland, where until 1858 William was clerk of the peace and petty sessions, and later active as a solicitor and public notary.

He was a founding member of the Maitland Philharmonic Institute, and much later, in Sydney from 1889, secretary of the Sydney Philharmonic Society.

He was evidently based temporarily at Narrabri, away from his family and perhaps with time on his hands, when in the Maitland Mercury in April 1863, he twice advertised for sale manuscript copies of "bush music", probably of his own composition.


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Saint James, Westminster, in the County of Middlesex, in the Year 1828; register 1828-1833, page 28; City of Westminster Archives Centre, STJ/PR/1/12 (PAYWALL)

No. 911 / 28 [December] / William / [son of] Thomas & Elizabeth / Briggs / Piccadilly / Dressing Case Maker . . .

1853, marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Stoke Damerel in the County of Devon; register page 234; Plymouth & West Devon Record Office (PAYWALL)

No. 469 / 4 July 1853 / William Briggs / 25 / Bachelor / Gentleman / [residence] Saint James Westminster / [son of] Thomas Briggs / Dressing Case Manufacturer
Charlotte Sarah Vicomtesse d'Argeaval / 32 / Widow / - / Stoke Damerel / [daughter of] Robert Dring [Nicholson] / Captain Army
[witness] Anne Elizabeth Nicholson . . .

Report of a ship arrived in Port Jackson, 3 November 1853, Windsor, from London, 28 July; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . Mrs. Nicholson, 2 boys, 1 Girl and servant woman
Mr. & Mrs. Briggs . . .

"MAITLAND PHILHARMONIC INSTITUTE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (23 April 1857), 2 

A meeting of this society was held in the hall of the School of Arts, on Monday eventing, to take into consideration the future management of the society, and also for the purpose of enrolling members. Dr. McCartney, the president of the institution, took the chair, and briefly explained the objects of the society. At the suggestion or Mr. Sinclair, it was moved by Mr. Briggs, and seconded by Mr. Goldman, "That Messrs. Kellermann and Sinclair be authorised to negotiate for a suitable piano." This resolution was passed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Michael McCartney (president); William Kellermann (member); Frederick Sinclair (member); Maitland Philharmonic Institute (association)

"THE MUSICAL LECTURE OR THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (29 September 1857), 3 

Last evening (Monday) the first public performance of the Maitland Philharmonic Society was given, at the Sohool of Arts, Mr. F. Sinclair delivering a lecture on "Music," and other members of the Society illustrating it by vocal and instrumental performances. The lecture was a kind of narrative of the progress of the art, in various ages and countries, and afforded good opportunities for illustration. We have not time for a full report, but may mention that of the several songs sung, many were very much admired, the most marked favorites apparently being "I love the merry sunshine," which was encored, and the "Canadian boat song." A solo on the guitar was also much admired. The ladies who took part in the performance were Mrs. Kellermann, the two Misses Cunningham, and Miss Riley; and the gentlemen wero Mr. Kellermann, who presided at the piano, Mr. Dean, Dr. Wilkinson, and Mr. Briggs, who took part in the vocal pieces, and Mr. Hitchins, who played the solo on the guitar . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Wilkinson (vocalist); Fortescue Hitchins (guitar)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (9 April 1863), 4 

BUSH MUSIC. MANUSCRIPT COPIES of the under-mentioned AIRS, composed by a person many years residing in the Bush,
can be had on application to Mr. WILLIAM BRIGGS, Narrabri, at One Shilling each.
POLKAS. The Australian Volunteers - The Dashing Young Rifleman - The Gunnedah - The Gulligal - The Rollickers.
SCHOTTISCHES. The Cricketers - The Narrabri - The Golden Fleece - The Magic Hoop, or Crinoline - The Hibernian.
Written communications, forwarding the amount for any of the above in postage stamps, will meet prompt attention.

"DEATH", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 February 1879), 1 

BRIGGS. - 1st February, at her residence, Elgin-street, West Maitland, Charlotte Sarah, wife of William Briggs.

"MARRIAGE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (15 November 1879), 4 

BRIGGS - ROURKE - On the 11th November, at Glenmire, West Maitland, by the Rev. R. D. Hills, William Briggs, of West Maitland, solicitor, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late Henry Rourke, Esq.

"ALLEGED THEFT from Mr. SANTLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 November 1889), 4 

At the Water Police Court yesterday . . . Edward Price, 42, theatrical agent, on remand, was charged by warrant that he did, on or about the month of October, fraudulently appropriate to his, own use certain property belonging to Mr. Charles Santley, to wit, money amounting to the sum of £328 8s. 6d., the proceeds of one or more musical performances given at Sydney . . .
William Briggs, honorary secretary of the Philharmonic Society, said he knew the accused well; recollected the performance of "Elijah," given by the society on the 2nd October; the society collected all the proceeds of the performance, £625 1s. 9d., the half of which witness paid to Price by cheque (produced); the society know nothing of the arrangements between Price and Santley; the accused gave witness a receipt for the half of the gross proceeds of the performance; the proceeds of the second concert were over £500; the society would be entitled to £100 out of the amount; the society would also be entitled to £100 at the conclusion of the third concert . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Santley (touring English vocalist); Sydney Philharmonic Society (Sydney association founded 1885)

"Death of Mr. William Briggs", The Maitland Daily Mercury (17 May 1910), 4 

The death occurred at his residence, near Sydney, a few days ago, of Mr. William Briggs, solicitor, who thirty years ago was a prominent resident of Maitland. The late Mr. Briggs, about the year 1856 lived in a cottage erected on the land, part of which is now occupied by the fine business premised of Mr. George Galton in High-street. At that time the cottage was surrounded by a very fine garden and orchard, and Mr. Henry Stocker, of Lorn, reminds us that he was for a period of five years engaged with Mr. Briggs as a gardener. A better employer, or a man of a more generous nature, Mr. Stocker says, he never met in his experience, and like many other friends and acquaintances of the deceased gentleman he regrets his demise very much. In the early days of Maitland, the late Mr. Briggs took a prominent part in the establishment of the first volunteer infantry corps, and in everything pertaining to the welfare of the town and district. He was also prominent in the formation of the Great Northern Permanent Building and Investment Society and in church matters. He was twice married, and leaves a family of three sons by his first wife. His second marriage was to a sister of Mr. John Rourke, of Bolwarra House, who survived him. Mr. Stocker says that he first came to Maitland in the early part of 1856 from his native town in Ely, in Cambridgeshire, England [sic], and he engaged with the late Mr. Briggs in 1857 . . .

"MUSICAL GOSSIP", Evening News [Sydney, NSW] (21 May 1910), 11 

On the 13th instant, Mr. William Briggs, who occupied the position of secretary of the Philharmonic Society previous to the late Mr. James Cramp taking that office, died at his late residence, Elizabeth Bay. Mr. Briggs took an active Interest in the work of the choir of St. Peter's Anglican Church, Woolloomooloo.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1910), 8 

BRIGGS. - May 14, at 1 Elizabeth Bay-road, William Briggs, solicitor, aged 81 years.


Musician, teacher of music and singing

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 11 May 1850 (per Amity Hall, from London, 12 December 1849, via Adelaide, 9 April 1850)
Active Geelong, VIC, June-July 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Melbourne Daily News (13 May 1850), 2 

May 11. - "Amity Hall," barque, 420 tons, A. Johnson, commander, from London, via Adelaide, 7th instant. Passengers - cabin . . . Mr. and Mrs Bright, Miss Bright, and Miss H. Bright . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (10 June 1850), 3 

MRS. BRIGHT begs most respectfully to inform the heads of families in Geelong and its vicinity, that she is just arrived from LONDON, where her long experience in the most approved and popular methods of tuition has fully qualified her to conduct the education of young ladies, and to merit the approbation of parents desirous of a superior and accomplished education for their daughters.
Her course of instruction, based on religious principles, will comprise every branch of knowledge adapted to the female mind.
Instruction in the piano forte, singing, after Hullah's method, and the French language.
Mrs. Bright receives a limited number only of daily pupils, to whom the above course of education will he imparted at one charge, at her temporary abode, a brick cottage, itn Marrabool-street, the left hand side, near the English Church, where further particulars may be obtained.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hullah (English singing master)

BRILL, Conrad (Conrad BRILL)


Born Salzgitter, Hanover (Germany), c. 1829
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 8/9 May 1855 (per August, from Hamburg, 15 January)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 June 1855 (per August, from Adelaide, 2 June, aged "26") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BRILL, Wilhelm (Wilhelm BRILL)


Born Salzgitter, Hanover (Germany), c. 1832
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 8/9 May 1855 (per August, from Hamburg, 15 January)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 June 1855 (per August, from Adelaide, 2 June, aged "23") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Alphabetical list of passengers from Hamburg, 1850; Staatsarchiv Hamburg (PAYWALL)

Brill, Conrad // [Brill], Wilhelm / [both] Musiker / Salzgitter, Hannover / August / Port Adelaide

Arrivals, Port Adelaide, 8 May 1855, per August, from Hamburg, 15 January; SA passengers history

. . . Wilhlem Brill / Conrade Brill . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (10 May 1855), 2 

Wednesday, May 9 - The barque August, 365 tons, T. Meyer, master, from Hamburg January 16. Mocatta, Port, Amsberg, Town agents. Passengers . . . Conradine, Heinrich, Gebhard, and Rike Weichman . . . Conrade and Wilhelm Brill . . . Heinrich, Johanna, Christine, and August Dietrich . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Heinrich Weichmann and family (musicians); Heinrich Dietrich (musician)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1855), 1

The celebrated BAND, newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg, respectfully announce to the public generally that they will give a
GRAND CONCERT on Friday, the 18th of May, at the above Hotel.
"Sehnsucht nach Australien," March - H. Weichmann.
"Chir de Rosenberg," Donizetti - Herren Martin and W. Brill.
Grand Polonnaise, "Remembrance" - H. Weichmann.
"Potpourri," from the Opera "Der Freischutz."
"The Wave," Walce - H. Weichmann.
Cavatina, from the Opera "Lucrecia Borgia," Donizetti.
"Willkommen un Grunen," Walce - Labitzky.
Doors open at 7 o'clock p.m. Admission tickets, 2s. 6d. each.
Only a few Concerts will take place during their stay here.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 May 1855), 1

The German Brass Band in attendance. The whole under the direction of Mr. J. Watts . . .

TIVOLI HOTEL. - On Thursday, 24th May, Her Majesty's Birthday,
GRAND CONCERT the newly-arrived German Brass Band, under the direction of Mr. Dietrich.
To commence at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

THE WEICHMANN FAMILY will give a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT- at the Hamburg Coffee-House this (Wednesday) evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Watts (musician)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 May 1855), 1 


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (30 May 1855), 1 

They proceed in the August to Melbourne to morrow. Concert commences at 7, and closes at 10 p.m.

Names and descriptions of passengers per August from Hamburg, and Adelaide, 29 May 1855, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

C. Brill / 26 // W. [Brill] / 23 // Marie [Brill] / 20 //
H. Diederich / 29 // J. [Diederich] / 31 // C. Diederich / 22 // A. [Diederich] / 18 . . . (DIGITISED)

C. Weichmann / 27 // H. [Weichmann] / 34 [? 24] // G. [Weichmann] / 19 // R. [Weichmann] / 21 [? listed under men]

BRISBANE, Thomas (Thomas Makdougall BRISBANE; Thomas BRISBANE)

Governor of NSW, musical patron

Born Largs, Ayreshire, Scotland, 23 July 1773; son of Thomas BRISBANE and Eleonora BRUCE (m. 1771)
Married Anna Maria Hay MAKDOUGALL, Makerston, Roxburgh, Scotland, 15 November 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1821 (per Royal George, from England, 18 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1 December 1825 (per Mary Hope, for England)
Died Largs, Ayreshire, Scotland, 27 January 1860 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Amateur musician, vocalist, pianist, musical patron

Born Makerston, Roxburgh, Scotland, 12 April 1786; baptised 3 May 1786; daughter of Henry HAY MAKDOUGALL and Isabella DOUGLAS
Married Thomas Makdougall BRISBANE, Makerston, Roxburgh, Scotland, 15 November 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1821 (per Royal George, from England, 18 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1 December 1825 (per Mary Hope, for England)
Died Makerston, Roxburghshire, Scotland, 2 September 1862 (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1821), 1 

UNDER the Shipping Intelligence will be perceived the annunciation of the arrival from England, on Wednesday last, of the merchant ship Royal George, Captain POWDITCH, on board of which vessel has arrived, His Excellency Major General Sir THOMAS BRISBANE, K. C. B. &c. &c. &c. with Lady BRISBANE and infant Daughter and Miss McDOUGALL, Sister to Her Ladyship, together with HIS EXCELLENCY'S Staff . . . On Thursday morning, at ten o'clock HIS EXCELLENCY left the Royal George, under the usual salute due to his distinguished rank, and landed at the private stairs on Bennelong's Point; where he was received by His Honor the LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR and other Officers of the Colony; from whence he walked to Government-house accompanied by Lady BRISBANE, Family and Staff; where Mrs. MACQUARIE, in the absence of of His Excellency Governor MACQUARIE, warmly welcomed HIM, and Her Ladyship. - The full Band of His Majesty's 48th Regiment paraded the lawn in front of Government-house, playing those soothing and martial airs that tended to give a zest to that curiosity as well as sensibility naturally excited in the minds of ALL, upon so important and interesting an occasion. At the desire (we believe) of HIS EXCELLENCY, the gates were thrown open, for the admission of the Australian Public, whose numbers quickly o'erspread the walks around the domain, in order to catch a glimpse of our future GOVERNOR . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Makdougall (Anna Maria's sister); Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie (outgoing governor and wife); Band of the 48th Regiment (military)

Letter from Elizabeth Macarthur, Parramatta, 4 September 1822 (ed. Sibella Macarthur Onslow (ed.), Some early records of the Macarthurs of Camden (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1914), 373-374 (DIGITISED)

We continue to like our present Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane. Lady Brisbane and her sister Miss Macdougall are gentle and amiable - perfectly unaffected in their manners and habits, yet possessing all the acquirements of wellborn and well educated persons . . . The ladies are fond of and live in great retirement. They mix little in society and give none of those large entertainments, which Mrs. Macquarie used to do. They have a Dinner Party once a week. Their table is handsomely set out, and served in a manner superior to anything we have yet seen in the Colony. Lady Brisbane has a good Piano, on which she occasionally plays, and accompanies the instrument with her voice. Miss Macdougall plays the Harp, and Mr. Rumker the Piano in turn . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Macarthur (correspondent); Christian Rumker (amateur musician)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 November 1825), 2 

His Honor Lieutenant Governer STEWART paid HIS EXCELLENCY and FAMILY a Visit on board the Mary Hope, in the forenoon of Friday.
His EXCELLENCY and Lady BRISBANE entertained the Honorable the Chief Justice, Mrs. Forbes, and Family on board, at Dinner, on Friday last. The Band of the 3d Regt. (Buffs), as well as the Naval Officer's, were playing all the afternoon on each side of the ship . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 3rd Regiment (military); "Captain Piper's Band", John Piper (naval officer)

Bibliography and resources:

Reminiscences of General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (Edinburgh: Printed by T. Constable, 1860; for private circulation) (DIGITISED)

J. D. Heydon, "Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall (1773-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


Musician, dance band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 1 

DANCING, - A Quadrille Party will take place every Monday and Wednesday evening at the large saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, King-street West. Admission, 1s.
A band of musicians will be in attendance. Leader of the orchestra, Monsieur BRISCOE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3 

DANCING every night this week, at the Large Saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, Kíng-street West.
Admission 1s. A band of 20 performers will be in attendance.
Leader, Monsieur Briscoey. Conductor, Signor Gelvini.

BRISTOW, William (William BRISTOW)

Musician, bugler, 51st Regiment, soldier

Born Woking, Surrey, England, 1824
Enlisted Chatham, Kent, England, 17 March 1838 (aged "14")
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838 (from UK, 29 March 1838)
Appointed bugler, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 November 1842
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 August 1846 (for India)
Discharged Chatham, Kent, England, 24 November 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 51st Regiment (military)


"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF HOBART TOWN", Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (17 May 1845), 2 

May 15. - Arrived the government barque Lady Franklin, Willett, master, from Launceston via Port Arthur, with three officers, and 140 rank and file of the 51st Regiment, who have been relieved there by a detachment of the 51st, when landed, were marched up to the Barracks to the tune of "Nix my Dolly, pals take away," by the bugle band.

"FINAL EMBARKATION OF THE 51ST", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (12 August 1846), 3 

At an early hour on Saturday great numbers of our citizens of all ranks and conditions repaired to the garrison to witness the departure of the two first detachments of the 51st regiment for India . . . As the men issued from their quarters in heavy marching order, equipped for the voyage, hasty, earnest - and in the common order of events - final adieus and farewells were exchanged. The bugle sounded, and the troops formed in line before eight o'clock . . . The band played a lively air, as stragglers who had been out in the city, arrived and took their places in the ranks . . . The bugle again sounded, the troops were formed in double line, and after some other manouvres, the order to "march!" was given. The troops set up a loud shout . . . the band struck up the air of "Auld lang syne," and the march from the Barrack square commenced. Thus the troops and populace proceeded down Davey-street into Macquarie-street. Here the band ceased, and the buglers struck up the appropriate air of "The lass I left behind me." Again heartfelt cheers were given by the military and responded to by the populace. These manifestations of reciprocal good feeling between the soldiery and the civilians were occasionally repeated until the arrival of the troops at the Commissariat jetty. The China was moored close alongside, and the embarkation commenced immediately. The Agincourt lay off at a short distance, and her complement of men were conveyed alongside in the river craft (engaged for the purpose,) under the directions of Captain Moriarty. In an hour the embarkation was completed, without the slightest accident or confusion. The buglers went off with the last boat, repeating the air, "the girl I left behind me;" Colonel Elliott, and the Officers for the Agincourt, followed in Captain Moriarty's barge, the band playing "God save the Queen;" the spectators on shore cheering. On arrival on board, the band and buglers played once more "Should auld acquaintance be forgot," and thus terminated the embarkation.

"THE 51ST IN INDIA", The Courier (10 November 1847), 2

We have seen a letter dated Bangalore, 28th May, addressed by William Bristow, a bugler in the regiment, to his father, resident in Hobart Town. It appears from this letter that the left wing, stationed at Ponnamalee, has suffered severely from cholera . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: His father was probably John Bristow, a retired soldier, who died in Hobart, on 17 February 1849, aged 45

Discharge, William Briscoe, 51st Reginment, Chatham 10 November 1863; UK National Archives, WO97/1547/50 (PAYWALL)

[51st Regiment] . . . Chatham, 10th November 1863
. . . Discharge of No. 1176 Serjeant William Bristow . . .
[service] amounts to 21 years 11 days . . . 17 10/12 years abroad, viz. - Van Diemen's Land - 8 6/12 years // East Indied 9 4/12 years . . .
Private / 17 March 1838 / Under age
Embarked for Van Diemens Land / 29 March 1838 / Under age
Private / 17 March 1842 / [of 18 years of age]
Appointed Bugler / 1 Nov. 1842 to 17 Sept'r 1848 . . .
Further service . . . to 24 Nov'r 1863 . . .
Trade a labourer / born Woking, Guildford, Surrey / attested Chatham, Kent, 17 March 1838 at the age of 14 years . . .
Discharged at age of 39 8/12 years . . .


Musician, professor of music, music master, teacher of music

Born England, c. 1797; son of George Frederick BROADHEAD and ? HITCHCOCK
Married Eliza McCLELLAND (c. 1806-1868), by c. 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 February 1855 (per Goldfinder, from Liverpool, 9 November 1854)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, November 1866, aged "70" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Names and descriptions of passengers per Goldfinder from Liverpool, 9 November 1854, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Thomas Broadhead / 58 / English // Eliza / 40
George / 24 // Jane / 21 // Henrietta / 18 // Henry / 13 // Eliza / 12 // Mira / 10 // Ellen / 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1855), 1

BROADHEAD, THOMAS, Mr., Teacher of Music, - send your address to G., Box 931, Melbourne.

Inquest, Thomas Broadhead, November 1866; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Ellen Broadhead . . . saith . . . the deceased was my father, his name was Thomas Broadhead, his age was seventy years, he was a music master, he has left a wife and several children -

[News], The Argus (17 November 1866), 4-5 

Dr. Youl held on inquest yesterday, on the body of Thomas Broadhead, seventy years of age, who died early in the morning of the same day. Henry Broadhead, son of the deceased, stated that on Thursday night his father went to bed complaining of a difficulty of breathing, and he became much worse about three o'clock in the morning, when a doctor was sent for, but before he arrived the [5] man was dead. Dr. Crooke, who made the post-mortem examination, said the deceased's case was quite incurable, a verdiot of death from "disease of the lungs" was returned.

"Funeral notices", The Argus (17 November 1866), 8

THE Friends of the late THOMAS BROADHEAD, professor of music, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery.
The funeral to move from his late residence, Greeves-street, Fitzroy, THIS DAY, November 17, at 3 o'clock p.m.

BROADHURST, Eliza (Eliza HOWES; Mrs. Charles Edward BROADHURST)

Musician, pianist, music teacher

Born Clonmel, Ireland, 31 October 1839; daughter of Florance HOWES and Eliza GRAHAM
Married Charles Edward BROADHURST (1826-1905), Woodford (Anglican) church, VIC, 22 June 1860
Died Bournemouth, England, 2 August 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Herald [Fremantle, WA] (25 September 1875), 2 

TERMS ON APPLICATION. Fremantle 24th Sept., 1875.

Other sources:

Lieder ohne Worte . . . Mendelssohn ["music book owned by Eliza Broadhurst"]; Western Australian Museum library

Bibliography and resources:

H. Drake-Brockman, "Broadhurst, Charles Edward (1826-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

. . . In Perth she became active in musical circles and herself taught music at the Bishop's College (Hale School). In 1876 she opened a school of her own . . .

"Eliza Broadhurst", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Jonathan Gifford, "Xantho and the Broadhurst family", ABC Radio Perth, (11 February 2010)

"The Broadhurst family", Western Australian Museum


Musician, musical professor, pianist

Born Bath, England, 15 February 1807; baptised Trim Street chapel (Presbyterian), Bath, 5 April 1807; daughter of Thomas BROADHURST (c. 1767-1851) and Frances WHITAKER (1774-1864)
Married John Rose HOLDEN (1810-1860), Christ Church, Sydney, NSW, 7 May 1853
Departed Sydney, NSW, c. 1856 (for England)
Died Boscombe, near Bournemouth, England, 19 September 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Musician, musical professor, pianist

Born Bath, Somerset, 3 February 1808; baptised Trim Street chapel, Bath, 22 March 1808; daughter of Thomas BROADHURST (c. 1767-1851) and Frances WHITAKER (1774-1864)
Died Florence, Italy, 24 November 1875


She was a daughter of Unitarian minister and musical amateur, Thomas Broadhurst, of Bath, and his wife Frances Whitaker, who had married at Walcot St. Swithin's, on 26 July 1804. Earlier, with Henry Harrington, Thomas Broadhurst was a co-founder of the Bath Harmonic Society.

As Miss Broadhurst, Susan, with her younger sister Miss E. Broadhurst - Emily (1808-1875) - performed together in public as duo pianists in London and Bath in 1836-37.

Their younger brother Edward having settled in Sydney, NSW, by around 1833, in 1842 the sisters joined him in Sydney, and probably maintained a joint household until Edward and Susan both married in a joint ceremony at Christ Church, Sydney, on 7 May 1853.

In Sydney in May 1853 she married the widower, politician, horse-racing enthusiast, and secretary of Homebush Races, John Rose Holden. Stephen Marsh dedicated his Homebush galop (published in 1856; no copy identified) to Mrs. John Rose Holden.

John Holden already had musical connections, Isaac Nathan and John and Frank Howson having sung at a farewell dinner for him in Sydney in 1849.

As noted by Bell's Life, Mrs. Holden was the "late Miss Broadhurst, the celebrated pianist" for whom Marsh had composed it. Marsh had probably known Broadhurst in England. There is no record of her performing professionally in Sydney, and the Holdens announced by June 1855 their intention to return to England soon.

It was her husband who was the subject of "Rose Holden's song", published as one of a satirical set of six "Songs of the Nominees" in the Empire in October 1855.


Baptisms, Trim Street chapel, Bath, 1807 and 1808; UK National Archives, non-parochial registers, RG4/85 (PAYWALL)

Susan, daughter of Thomas & Frances Broadhurst born Feb. 15th 1807 & baptized April 5th 1807 by me T. Broadhurst . . . (PAYWALL)

Emily, daughter of Thomas and Frances Broadhurst. born February the third, [1808], and baptized March [22] of the same year, by me Thomas Broadhurst . . .

"MRS. A. SHAW'S CONCERT", The Musical World [London, England] (27 May 1836), 174-75 (DIGITISED)

At her benefit Concert on Tuesday morning [24 May], at Willis's rooms . . . She was supported by Mad. de Beriot; Miss Masson . . . Miss Bruce, Mr. Parry jun. and Signor Ivanhoff; Mr. Mori . . . Misses Broadhurst, two young ladies from Bath, were highly applauded for their performance of a duett on the piano forte. It was their first appearance in public. The Concert was numerously and fashionably attended.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Alfred Shaw (late Miss Postans) (vocalist)

"BATH. - THE MISS BROADHURSTS' CONCERT . . . ", The Musical World (10 February 1837), 125 (DIGITISED)

. . . took place on Friday evening last [27 January], and, notwithstanding the universal prevalence of the epidemic, was very fashionably attended. The instrumental stars of the evening were the Miss Broadhursts, and their reception, on first appearing, was, indeed, encouraging and flattering - but when they had played a magnificent duet of Czerny's on two Piano-fortes, the applause was actually tempestuous. We were not surprised at this - for prepared as we were, by the opinion of the first musical judges, unprejudiced and unbiassed even by the feelings of friendship, for consummately good playing, we confess we were after all struck with astonishment at the brilliancy and finish of their execution. Nor was the display confined to mere brilliancy or articulate rapidity, which may be called the mechanical excellencies only; but it was accompanied throughout by the most precise exactness in time, by the soul of music-fine expression, and by those delicate graces of style which indicate natural as well as cultivated taste. What added the finishing charm to the performance was this - that, abounding as it did in scientific difficulties, purposely constructed to exhibit the proficiency of the artists, all these were accomplished without any apparent laborious effort - with lady-like ease and perfect composure. The band, to whom piano-forte playing of a superior order can be no novelty, listened with attention as rapt as that of the audience.

The vocal artists were Miss Clara Novello, Mrs. A. Shaw, Mrs. E. Loder, Mr. Millar, and Mr. Edwards. Miss Novello has made since we last heard her, extraordinary improvement both in her voice and style. The former is greatly increased in power, and the latter in energy. In long sostenuto passages, one is astonished how and when she contrives to take her breath. Her goodnatured, merry countenance, did not lead us to anticipate such success as she attained in the pathetic "Tribute to Malibran." Mrs. Alfred Shaw was justly encored in Haydn's beautiful Canzonet, "She never told her love," in which correct expression, the most distinct verbal and musical utterance, combined, with considerable power of voice, to constitute a chef d'oeuvre of song. Mr. Millar, in Pacini's "Chi sa dir," acquitted himself with great taste, as did Mrs. E. Loder, in "Dove sono." As a concerted piece, we liked Spohr's "Night's lingering shades," the best in the selection. Mr. Loder led, and Mr. F. Loder presided at the piano-forte. - Bath Herald.

"MRS. SHAW AND THE MISS BROADHURSTS", The Musical World (28 April 1837), 105

These ladies in conjunction gave a morning concert on Tuesday [20 April], in the Great Room of the King's Theatre. The first lady was encored, from all parts of the room in the "Paga fui," from Winter's "Proserpina;" and was much applauded, although in our opinion with by no means equal desert, in the duet with Mme. Grisi, "Ebben a te ferisci." Harper, according to custom, made an unfair division of the honors in his own favour, in accompanying Mme. Grisi in "Let the bright seraphim;" [106] and Mrs. Wood sang, with excessive brilliancy, and general effect, the finale to "The Maid of Artois." The other singers were, Miss Birch, Messrs. Ivanoff and Phillips. Mori, Lindley, and Dragonetti played - as every one who has heard them knows how - a trio of Corelli; Master Regondi played a fantasia on the "Concertina," a new instrument, the description of which will appear in our next number. And lastly, Miss E. Broadhurst played in a very able manner a concerto of Weber's; and the two sisters performed, on two pianofortes, a duet by Schuncke, with so much brilliancy of execution, and propriety of expression, as to call forth such tokens of delight as must have proved very gratifying to themselves and those friends most immediately sympathising in their efforts. The room was densely crowded, to overflowing. Mr. Mori was the leader, and Sir George Smart the conductor.

"MR. R. CART"S FLUTE SOIREE", Morning Post [London] (16 May 1838), 5 (PAYWALL)

The second musical soiree of Mr. Richard Cart was given last night at the Hanover-square Rooms. The fluteists were HEINEMEYER, CART, CLINTON, Mr. SAYNOR, and Mr. HILL. The first gave one of TOLOU's fantasias wtih that refinement of style, delicacy of tone, and power of execution which have established him as a performer of the first class. Mr. CART played cleverly in WEBER's trio for flute, violoncello, and pianoforte, HAUSMANN and Miss EMILY BROADHURST taking the parts on the two last-mentioned instruments in a very creditable style . . . Perhaps the display next to HEINEMEYER'S which produced the greatest impression was the very brilliant and spirited performance by the Misses BROADHURST of the "Grandes Variations Militaires," by PIXIS. Mrs. Shaw, Miss Ralnfortit, and Becrez sus- tained the vocal department, and i; was therefore m good bands.

"MUSIC. HANOVER SQUARE ROOMS", Bell's New Weekly Messenger (16 June 1839), 6 (PAYWALL)

BLAGROVE and the Misses BROADHURST's concert [8 June] was, as it justly deserved to be, very numerously and fashionably attended . . . Mr. B. is our best English violinist; his playing always chaste and impassioned . . . an aria and terzetto from Mozart's newly discovered opera of Zaide were given; the aria is a very beautiful composition, and was well sung by Madame STOCKHAUSEN; the terzetto, however, did not seem to attract much attention. The Misses BROADHURST played BERTINI's brilliant duet for the piano forte, from airs in the Domino Noir, with much taste and finish, and Madame DORUS was encored in her aria from the Cheval Bronze. BLAGROVE played new rondo, composed himself . . . TAMBURINI, IVANOFF, Madame ALBERTAZZU, BETTA, and DAVID, also appeared; the concert throughout affording much gratification; the audience remaining until the conclusion.

"Miss Masson and the Misses Broadhurst's Concert", Atlas [London] (6 June 1840), 11 (PAYWALL)

THIS concert took place on Tuesday morning. Miss MASSON is one of the best of English singers, and in the execution of strictly classical music - that, for example, of GLUCK, MOZART, or BEETHOVEN - she would find, we believe, but few rivals in Europe. In the course of the concert she sang MORLACCHI'S aria, "Notte tremenda," and, though somewhat disconcerted at first by the awkwardness of the band in accompaniment, she speedily regained confidence, and completed the song faultlessly. Her pure and beautiful style, also, told admirably in PAER'S quartett, "O notte soave," in which she was assisted by Mademoiselle BURSTEIN, Mr. BENNETT, and Signor TAMBURINI. The Misses BROADHURST contributed a very clever performance of a duet for two pianofortes by PIXIS, and Miss EMILY BROADHURST played a rondo by HUMMEL with most praiseworthy vigour and elegance. The programme also included songs by Madame DORUS GRAS and Miss C. NOVELLO, and one of M. LISZT's extraordinary displays on the pianoforte. The leaders were Messrs. LODER and T. COOKE, and Sir G. SMART conducted.

[Advertisement], Morning Herald [London] (3 June 1841), 1 (PAYWALL)

MADLLE. OSTERGAARD'S and the Misses BROADHURST'S GRAND MORNING CONCERT will take place in the OPERA CONCERT ROOM, TO-MORROW, June 4. Vocalists - Mesdames Grisi, Persiani, Viardot Garcia, Ostergaard (pupil of Sig. Rubini), and F. Lablache; Pianoforte, the Misses Broadhurst; Harp, Mdlle. Belzt (het first appearance in England); Violin, M. Vieuxtemps; Tenor, Mr. Loder; Flute, Mr. Sedlatzek; Oboe, M. Delabarre; Horn, Mr. Jarrett; Violoncello, Mr. Hausmann; Double Bass, Sig. Dragonetti; Conductor, Signor Costa. Boxes, Stalls, and Pit Tickets to be had at Cramer and Co.'s, 201, Regent-street; Charles Ollivier's, 41, New Bond-street; of all the other principal music-sellers; of the Misses Broadhurst, 40, South Audley-street; and Mdlle. Ostergaard, 80, Berners-street.


The concert of Mademoiselle Ostergaard and the Misses Broadhurst took place yesterday, in the concert room of Her Majesty's Theatre, when an admirable programme succeeded in drawing together a very crowded audience. Most of the pieces have again and again been performed by the same artists - in regard to these it is unnecessary to enter in any detail though, we may remark that they were all executed with the well known talents of the respective performers. The two fantasias for the violin, by Vieuxtemps, were given with remarkable execution and a delightful clearness. Hummel's grand septuor afforded Miss Broadhurst the opportunity of exhibiting the finished style and the fine taste of her playing; great credit being also due to those who accompanied her. The only piece of which a repetition was demanded by the audience was the aria from Nina Pazza, sung by Madame Viardot Garcia. It was sung throughout with remarkable expression, which, with its graceful execution, well deserved the great applause it excited. We were gratified in the second part, with the appearance of a young debutante, Mademoiselle Beltz - who played a fantasia of Bochsa's on the harp, with much skill. Her performance was deficient in contrast, but is of a quiet and dreaming kind, which is eminently pleasing. Mademoiselle Ostergaard also exhibited much taste and finish of style in Donizetti's Romanza Sogno talor. Altogether, the concert went off apparently very much to the satisfaction of the audience.

England census, 6 June 1841, St. George, Hanover Square, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/733/15/27/26 (PAYWALL)

South Audley Street / Susan Broadhurst / 30 / Musical Professor / [not born in county]
Emily [Broadhurst] / 30 [sic] / [Musical Professor] / [not born in county]

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . ARRIVAL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 September 1842), 1 supplement 

From London, this morning, having left the Downs the 9th May and the Landsend the 16th May, the barque Duke of Manchester, Captain Murray, with merchandise. Passengers . . . two Misses Broadhurst . . . and 21 in the steerage.

"FASHIONABLE INTELLIGENCE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1853), 2 

We are credibly informed that the talented and much respected Member for the Cumberland Boroughs is about to lead to the Hymeneal altar Miss Broadhurst, the fair and accomplished sister of Edward Broadhurst, Esq., barrister-at-law, and Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales.

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (14 May 1853), 3

At Christ Church, on the 7th instant, by the Rev. F. Wilkinson, Edward Broadhurst, Esq., M.L.C., to Harriet Lucy, second daughter of Stephen Greenhill, Esq.

At Christ Church, on the 7th instant, by the Rev. F. Wilkinson, John Rose Holden, Esq., to Susan, second daughter of the late Rev. Thomas Broadhurst.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1856), 4

Mr. S. H. Marsh has just published two new musical compositions for the pianoforte. They are from his own pen. Both are nicely printed. The first is a ballad, in B flat, entitled "Allan M'Gaa." It was sung by Madame Bishop during her residence in this city, to most of our musical readers, therefore, it will be familiar. The second is, " The Homebush Galop", dedicated to Mrs. John Rose Holden - also in B flat. It is a lively piece in two-four time but the manipulation requisite to express the ideas of the composer need not discourage the amateur.

"MUSICAL CRITIQUE", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 June 1856), 2

Our worthy contemporary, the Herald, has this week favored its readers with a sublime attempt in the above line . . . "The second is 'The Homebush Galop,' dedicated to Mrs. John Rose Holden," (late Miss Broadhurst, a celebrated, pianist) for whom it was composed . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1858), 7 

PARRAMATTA. Preliminary Notice of Sale by Auction at Oatlands, the residence of T. H. Hood, Esq., M.P.
MR. J. F. STAFF would call particular attention to . . . two magnificent pianofortes;
one of these beautiful instruments especially is well known in the higher circles as having been made specially to order by Broadwood, and imported for Miss Broadhurst. - The above may be seen and purchased privately on application to the auctioneer, and if not so disposed of will be sold by auction, with the whole of the household effects, on or about the 25th instant.

England, probate calendar, 1876; England & Wales, national probate calendar (PAYWALL)

BROADHURST Emily / Effects under £1,500 / 11 January. The Will of Emily Broadhurst late of 8 Gloucester-road Queen's Gate in the County of Middlesex Spinster who died 24 November 1875 at 4 Via Venezia Florence in Italy . . .

England, probate calendar, 1887; England & Wales, national probate calendar (PAYWALL)

HOLDEN Susan / Personal Estate . . . £327 14s 8d. 24 october. The Will of Susan Holden formerly of Fern Bank Lyncombe Hill in the City of Bath but late of the Crescent Boscombe near Bournemouth in the County of Southampton Widow died 19 September 1887 at the Crescent was proved . . . by Selina Paley (wife of Frederick Apthorp Paley, LL.D.) of Apthorp Boscombe the Sister the Sole Executrix.

Related musical works:

The Homebush galop (S. H. Marsh, 1856)

The Homebush galop, for the piano forte, composed and dedicated to Mrs. John Rose Holden, by S. H. Marsh, op. 67 ["Op. 69"] (Sydney: [Author], [1856]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Stephe Hale Marsh (composer)

Bibliography and resources:

Jerom Murch, Biographical sketches of Bath celebrities, ancient and modern: with some fragments of local history (London: Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1893), 149-51

[149] . . . In the time of Dr. [Henry] Harington, and notably by his efforts scientific music was much cultivated in Bath . . . A catch club had been popular, but was beginning to decay. Harington, with the assistance of two friends the Rev. John Bowen and the Rev. Thomas Broadhurst, both of [150] whom I knew well, formed out of its remnants the Bath Harmonic Society . . . Further knowledge of the life and works of this excellent man may be obtained from various memoirs, notably from one in [151] the third volume of the Bath and Bristol Magazine, published in 1834. The author signs himself Philo-Musicus, the real name being probably the Rev. Thomas Broadhurst, an intimate friend and most genial fellow-worker in the Harmonic Society and other kindred objects . . .

Vivienne Parsons, "Holden, John Rose (1810-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

J. M. Bennett, "Broadhurst, Edward (1810-1883)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

BROADHURST, William Gore

Professor of music, pianist, organist, composer

Born London, England, 4 November 1838
Active Sydney, NSW, by August 1867
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 31 January 1914, aged 74



"ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August1867), 8

"NAVAL RECEPTION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 13

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1871), 6

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (27 May 1893), 9

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 February 1914), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (2 February 1914), 9

[News], Record [Emerald Hill, VIC] (7 February 1914), 2

Mr. W. G. Broadhurst, of 68 St. Vincent Place, South Melbourne, died at St. Vincent's Hospital at an early hour on Saturday morning. For the past 26 years the late Mr. Broadhurst held the position of organist at SS. Peter and Paul's .Church, South Melbourne, and composed a special Mass for the opening of the additions to the church by Archbishop Carr in April of last year. Prior to coming to Australia he was a choir boy at Westminster Abbey. Mr. Broadhurst, who was 74 years of age, leaves a widow, and grown up family of two sons and five daughters . . .

Musical works:

Maribyrnong Park Estate waltz (South Melbourne: Broadhurst, [n.d.])

Rouse ye Britons (patriotic song; words and music by Edwd. Septimus Powell; arr. by W. G. Broadhurst; Composed in honor of Her Most Gracious Majesty's Diamond Jubilee, 1897) (Albert Park, Melbourne : E.S. Powell, [1897])


Dancer, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Brock was billed in Sydney in February and March 1842 as a theatrical dancer at Luigi Dalle Case's Olympic Theatre, appearing both as a soloist (in dances including the "cachouca" and "Milanese hornpipe", and in duets with Joseph Chambers and Mons. Charriere. She had disappeared from record by April. A Mr. Brock was in charge of "the dresses" at for George Buckingham's Amateur Theatre in Melbourne in May and June 1842.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 February, 1842), 3

AUSTRALIAN OLYMPIC THEATRE, HUNTER-STREET. SIGNOR DALLE CASE . . . has formed engagements, for the ensuing season, with MR. & MRS. KNOWLES; MR. & MRS O'FLAHERTY; MRS. XIMENES; MRS. LARRA; AND WITH MONS. CHARRIERE and MRS. BROCK, FOR THE Ballet Department and Principal Dancers . . . AN EFFICIENT ORCHESTRA is now forming, which will be led by Mr. Deane, Jun. . . .

"THE OLYMPIC", The Sydney Herald (5 March 1842), 2 

. . . we have, at the top of the list, the manager, Mr. Knowles, out of all sight, in any department of the drama, the first actor in Sydney. We have then Spencer, and Falchon, and O'Flaherty, and Lane, all of respectable talents; and on the other side we have Mrs. O'Flaherty, Mrs. Knowles, Mrs. Ximenes, Mrs. Larra, and Mrs. Brock, a constellation of female performers such as we seldom meet with, and need never expect to find surpassed in this colony. How could we have omitted Mr. Chambers of Highland fling notoriety, one of the most graceful dancers we have ever seen? . . .

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1842), 2

THIS EVENING, 18TH MARCH, 1842, The performance will commence with the highly Popular Farce, called THE DEAD ALIVE, OR, MAKE YOUR WILLS. After which, Horsemanship in the Circle. To be followed by the Cachouca, by Mrs. Brock and Mr. J. Chambers . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (22 June 1842), 2 


Musician, violinist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865


[Advertisement], The Star (6 September 1864), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 68


Musician, fiddler, violinist, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (26 March 1838), 2 

A convict who had absconded from the service of Mr. Hill, in the county of Murray, and had been absent about six months, was apprehended on Friday whilst fiddling with great glee in a public house in Clarence street. His real name is James Broddick, but he had used another, by which he had procured an engagement for the orchestra of the new Theatre. He was sentenced to receive fifty lashes for being out of his district, and remanded to the interior to be dealt with for the second offence, namely, absconding.

BRODERICK, James Patrick (junior)

Organist, harmonium player, choirmaster, organ builder

Born Maitland, NSW, 1837
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 October 1907, aged 60



Born Maitland, NSW, 1855
Died Maitland, NSW, 1873


"NARROW ESCAPE FROM FIRE", The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1864), 2

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (21 March 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 August 1866), 5

PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, and other MUSICAL INSTRUMENT TUNED and BEPAIRED in a superior manner. Address, Opposite the Exchange Hotel, West Maitland. JAMES P. BRODERICK. August 9th, 1866. TESTIMONIALS. I have much pleasure in recommending to my pupils, and the public in general, Mr. James Broderick for tuning and repairing pianos and harmoniums, as his skill and care are certainly equal, if not superior, to anyone known to me in the colony. DR. CHS. H. HORN. Maitland, August, 1866. High-street, West Maitland, July 24th, 1866. This is to certify that I have had many opportunities of testing the ability of Mr. James Broderick as a tuner, and have no hesitation in pronouncing him perfectly qualified for that business in all its branches, and, from his late experience in regulating and repairing piano-fortes, have no doubt he will give entire satisfaction to all who may think proper to honour him with their patronage. MARMADUKE H. WILSON.

"ST. BRIDGET'S CHURCH, BRANXTON", The Maitland Mercury (29 November 1866), 2

"DIOCESE OF MAITLAND", Freeman's Journal (1 March 1873), 9

The grand concert in aid of St. Johns Cathedral, advertised for Monday, the 10th instant, was postponed until the 17th instant, owing to the untimely and much-regretted death of Miss Annie Broderick, formerly a member of St. John's choir, and sister to its able organist and conductor, Mr. J. P. Broderick. Miss Broderick enjoyed a high reputation in musical circles - she was gifted with a rich, sweet voice, and was, while she remained in the choir, its "brightest star." Possessed of rare musical abilities, and endowed with all the refinement of female intellect, and all the energy of enthusiasm, Miss Broderick was certain to attain distinction in her favourite, her especial study - music. Who, that has heard her in the soul-entrancing com positions of Mozart, Mendelssohn, Haydn, &c, can forget the pathos and soul in which she would enshrine, as it were, the words which were the inspiration of these gifted masters. Neither can we forget her delightful rendering of those grand old melodies, which the genius of Moore has clad in words as bewitching as the luscious music of the airs themselves. "I saw from the Beach" was her last song before a Maitland audience. The voice, which then so thrilled her hearers, is now hushed, and the fingers, which glided so nimbly over the keyboard, are still, for evermore. The first part of the concluding words of her favourite song, "She's far from the Land," can now but be too appropriately applied to herself : - "They've made her a grave where the sun beams rest, When they promise a glorious morrow! . . ."

"Death of Mr. J. P. Broderick", The Maitland Daily Mercury (31 October 1907), 2

. . . For many years the late Mr. Broderick was organist and choirmaster of St. John's Cathedral, and after resigning from that position he gave his attention to the tuning of organs and pianos, while he conducted an agency for the sale of musical instruments at his late residence in Elgin-street . . . He was a native of Maitland district, and was about 65 years [sic] of age.

Musical edition:

The evening service book, or, manual of sacred music, for the use of choirs, containing the order of vespers, in Latin, for all Sundays and festivals of the year, selected and arranged by James P. Broderick (Maitland: E. Tipper, Pr., 1869; ? 1880) 

Bibliography and resources:

Geoffrey Cox (historical and technical documentation), "St John's Anglican Church Carthage Street, Tamworth [organs]" (OHTA 2014)  

BROMBY, Edward Hippius (Edward Hippius BROMBY; E. H. BROMBY)

Amateur musician, pianist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1858



The distribution of prizes at the Church of England Grammar School, St. Kilda Road, came off yesterday shortly before noon . . . The award of prizes was made in the great hall, in the presence of a large number of ladies and gentlemen. The platform and its vicinity was occupied by his Excellency the Governor, the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, the Very Rev. the Dean of Melbourne; the Principal of the school, Dr. Bromby, the Vice-Principal, Rev. Mr Baxter, and the Rev. S. L. Chase, who officiated as chaplain. The Council of the School were also in attendance. The pupils, about 100 in number, seemed fully alive to the interest of the occasion . . .

The next business on the programme was the recitations and music . . . The singing class sung, "When the Rosy Morn" very prettily . . . Master Topp's sonata from Beethoven, with funeral march, was an accomplished piece of fingering, which must have required long and severe training . . . The valse brilliante on the piano, by Masters A'Beckett and Bromby, was a little gem in its way, and was all but encored . . . The proceedings were brought to a close with Russell's favorite piece of music "Rouse, brothers, rouse," which was rendered by the singing class in a spirited manner . . .

"Mr. E. H. BROMBY", The Age (8 July 1938), 4 

"OBITUARY. Mr. E. H. Bromby", The Argus (8 July 1938), 2 

BROMLEY, William James

Musician, clarinet player, clarinettist, bandsman, Band of the 99th Regiment

Born c. 1822
Died Hobart, 30 July 1855, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . . Principal Clarinets - Messrs. W. Martin, A. Cleary. Clarinets - Messrs. Lillingston, Bromley, Hepperon, and Simpson . . .

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2

. . . The final concert of a series was given at the Military Barracks by Messrs T. Martin, A. Hill, W. Bromley, and W. Poole, of the band of the 99ih Regiment, on Thursday evening, before a numerous company.

"DIED", The Hobarton Mercury (1 August 1855), 2 

On the 30th July 1855, aged 33 years, at the Regimental Hospital, Private WILLIAM JAMES BROMLEY, late of the band, 99th regiment. He was a musician of an high order, and is much lamented by his comrades. The funeral will take place at 2 o'clock this day.

"SOLDIER'S FUNERAL", Colonial Times (2 August 1855), 3

The remains of William James Bromley, the bandsman, were yesterday interred at St. David's burying ground. The band of the regiment, of which deceased had been an esteemed member, attended, and as the funeral procession moved on, played the Dead March in Saul . . .

Note: Memorial plaque at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart:

The stone was erected by his Brother Musicians as a tribute of respect. Also Wm. JA. BROMLEY Musician in the same Corps who departed this life 30th July 1855 Aged 33 years. Affection weeps Heaven rejoices.

BROOKE, Gustavus Vaughan (Gustavus Vaughan BROOKE; G. V. BROOKE)

Actor, theatrical manager

Born Dublin, Ireland, 25 April 1818; son of Gustavus BROOKE and Frances BATHURST
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 February 1855
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1861 (per Great Britain, for England)
Died at sea, 11 January 1866 (en route to Australia, per London, from Plymouth, 1 January) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia)

Bibliography and resources:

William J. Lawrence, The life of Gustavus Vaughan Brooke, tragedian (Belfast: W. & G. Baird, 1892) (DIGITISED)

BROOKE, Warren Auber (Warren Auber BROOKE; Rev'd W. A. BROOKE; W. A. BROOK [sic])

Amateur musician, organist, pianist, Anglican priest

Active Tasmania, by 1854
Died Clifton, Gloucestershire, England, 7 November 1906, aged "81"


Brooke, late of Trinity College Cambridge, was senior fellow at Christ's College, Hobart in 1854. An appendix to Stoney's A year in Tasmania (306) reprints a press report of the Annual Commemoration (? in 1854):

Shortly after eleven, the proceedings of the day commenced with the usual morning service in the chapel, at which the late Warden said prayers, and the lessons were read by the Divinity Fellow in waiting for the week (Mr. Adams). Those who are admirers of sacred music had a great treat in the performance on the organ by the Rev. W. A. Brooke, whose accompaniments to the chanting of the service were of a very superior description, adding very much to the impressiveness of that solemn and beautiful ritual.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 June 1854), 8

"George Town", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 January 1869), 3

"GRAND AMATEUR CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 July 1872), 2

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Argus (17 March 1876), 7

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY (W. S.)", Launceston Examiner (19 November 1892), 7 

Your correspondeont H.B. in his interesting reminiscences last Saturday desired to know something more of the above society. As its secretary from start to finish I am only too glad to supply what information I possess from memory. The old society after practising in the Baptist Chapel, York-street, was dissolved. I believe in 1854 a meeting was convened at the residence of the late Mr. R. Kenworthy, Cameron-street, and there the new society was formed. It was decided to practice in the Wycliffe Chapel, York-street, and there the sieetinge were regularly held. The first invitation rehearsal was held in Tamar-street church, the late Rev. C. Price becoming an honorary member and an ardent supporter until its close. All the officers were honorary, and the concerts were given in aid of local charitable objects. These were held in the Cornwall Assembly Rooms. At the time of the Indian mutiny the society united with the Philharmonic and produced the "Creation" in aid of the fund for the wounded, which was a great success, the tickets being 10s 6d and 7s 6d, and the proceeds upwards of £600. The leading parts were Miss Lucy Chambers, soprano; Mrs. Hamilton, contralto; Mr. Henslow, Hobart, tenor; Mr. Farquharson, bass; Mr. J. Adams, conductor; Rev. W. A. Brook, pianist. This society teen numbered 100 members, but, like everything in this city, interest and attendance declined, and eventually the society was dissolved, the property sold, and the books, etc,, placed in care of the Mechanics' Institute, where, I suppose, they might be perused on application to the librarian, Mr. Johnetone, who was one of the old members.

"EARLY LAUNCESTON. MR. WHITFIELD'S LECTURE No.4", Launceston Examiner (7 July 1897), 7

"THE BROOKE WILL CASE", Daily Telegraph [Launceston, TAS] (24 July 1903), 4 

"SCHOOL SPEECH DAYS. THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Examiner (22 December 1906), 11

BROOKS, Henry (Henry BROOKS)

Musician, member of the German Band

Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BROOKS, Thomas (Thomas BROOKS; T. BROOKS; Mr. BROOKS, sen.; performed in Australia as T. H. BROOKS)

Musician, professor of music (in England), harpist, lace-maker, importer, customs officer (in Australia)

Born Shoreditch, London, England, 2 May 1799; baptised St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 29 May 1799; son of Thomas BROOKS and Ann GODDARD
Married (1) Catherine WATSON (c. 1806-1845), Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate, London, 26 Dec 1824
Arrived Auckland, NZ, 17 March 1859 (per Excelsior, from London, December 1858)
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, 23 January 1860 (per Tyne, from Auckland, NZ, 3 January)
Married (2) Rachel Martha CROAKER (DODD) (1810-1883), St. Philip's church, Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1861
Died North Willoughby, NSW, 27 May 1883, aged "85/86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NOTE: In official documents, Brooks used only one forename, Thomas, and in musical billings in England just the single initial T; however, for his 2 years as a public musician in Australia, 1860-62, and then alone, he consistently billed himself as T. H. Brooks (the initials used in England by his eldest son); but although his son was "Thomas Henry", it should probably not necessarily be assumed that Thomas senior's "H" was also intended to stand for Henry


Thomas Brooks was born in Shoreditch on 2 May 1799, and baptised at St. Leonard's church, on 29 May, a son of Thomas Brooks, sen., and his wife Ann Goddard, who had married at St. Alphege, London Wall, on 6 February 1798.

There is no record of his earliest musical training, whether at home from his parents (there is no record of his father's occupation), or from a teacher or teachers.

The fullest (though perhaps somewhat garbled) account of his early years is that given by either Samuel Bennett or William Hanson, of the Empire, or one of their journalists, in Sydney in July and September 1860, from information presumably sourced more or less directly from Brooks. According to this, Brooks, aged no more than 15 or 16, had performed during a ceremony at the Guildhall to celebrate the peace treaty of 1815-16. It was also claimed - admittedly somewhat improbably - that Brooks played before Napoleon, on St. Helena, and thus sometime before the latter's death in 1821; but also, more plausibly, for the duke of Wellington, at Stratfield Saye (therefore, after 1817); and before George IV, at Carlton House, in 1820, the first year of his reign.

Only once, in the Age in Melbourne on 17 April 1860, was it directly reported that Brooks had been "a pupil" of Bochsa; if so, this was probably no earlier than Bochsa's first arrival in London in 1817. Less directly, in Sydney the Empire described him as "a disciple", not only of Bochsa, but, somewhat implausibly of Elias Parish Alvars (who was almost a decade Brooks's junior), Ellis Roberts (two decades Brooks's junior), and of the Belgian Félix Godefroid (likewise 2 decades Brooks's junior, who moreover did not first visit London until 1841). Likewise, he never claimed to be (as Hallo 2014 below stated) either a pupil of Balsir Chatterton (who was five years his junior) or of the Royal Academy of Music (again, he was already too old to be among the first intake).

Rather, Brooks was, in all likelihood, a fully-fledged musical professional in his own right by the early 1820s.

When his eldest son (Thomas Henry) was baptised in January 1826, he was living in Old-street and practising as a professor of music, teaching not only harp but piano, and evidently with a reasonably fashionable clientele. The following year, he composed and published a Polacca and polonaise for harp and flute, giving 17 Hunter-street, on Brunswick-square, as his address. He was still teaching music as well as trading as a music seller from the same address five years later when, on 30 November 1830, he was gazetted as bankrupt. The immediate cause of his financial failure was apparently the damages of £200 awarded against him, earlier that month, in a sensational suit for criminal conversation (sexual intercourse) alleged to have occurred between him and one of his married pupils, a Mrs. Marquis.

At the time of the baptism of Brooks' and his first wife's next child, at St. Sepulchre, Holborn, on 30 March 1832 (George Edmund, d. 1835), he and his family were living in Bath Street, and he now gave his profession as a lace manufacturer, as he continued to do until the mid 1840s or later. The family moved to Islington by 1834 and were still there in 1844.

Though there are no contemporary records of Brooks's musical activities during most of the 1830s and 1840s, the Empire again later reported that he had been, "we believe, one of the twelve harpists who formerly played at Jullien's promenade concerts at Covent Garden". If indeed Brooks had appeared for Louis Jullien, this would have been in the 1840s; however, it is more likely that Brooks was one of the twelve and/or thirteen harps mustered on several occasions by either Henry Bishop or Bochsa in the early 1820s.

By the early 1850s, however, Brooks was evidently seeking new business opportunities in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. In 1851 he was granted the license of the Star and Garter Hotel at Sandown on the Isle of Wight. However, the bulk of his business was probably supplying the island generally with wholesale wines and spirits from London (at his eldest daughter, Emily's marriage in 1852 she accordingly gave his occupation as "porter"). As such, he traded in partnership with his eldest son, Thomas Henry, from premises in Henrietta-street, Covent Garden in London and Sandown, until again being declared bankrupt in 1855, when the stock in trade of the Star and Garter was also advertised to be sold up. Apparently, however, Brook managed to retain the hotel, and did not give up the license until shortly before his final departure from the island in 1858.

Confusingly, there was another amateur harpist and publican, James Brooks, of the Blackgang Hotel, also active on the Isle of Wight around this time, possibly his brother or other relation. At the opening of his hotel in March 1849, James reportedly contributed much to the pleasure of the evening "by playing several tunes on the harp, he being a most excellent player on that instrument." "Mr. Brook, of Black Gang, on the harp" was again identified as playing for a concert at Newport in February 1851, and it may also have been James who performed for a public dinner at Shanklin in December 1848, and again for the Lamb Philharmonic Society in January 1849.

By the beginning of 1856, however, "Mr. Brooks, of Sandown", unequivocally Thomas, was also again appearing regularly in public as a performer on the harp. Also billed with him as vocalists were his daughters Catherine (1834-1875) and Eliza (1835-1925) and Mr. Brooks, jun. (Thomas Henry), and as a pianist "Mr. J. Brooks", perhaps James above, or another unidentified relative (no known son had that first initial). Together with his family, Brooks gave two final benefit concerts in February and April 1858, before apparently leaving the island for good around the same time.

In December 1858, Brooks and his eldest and youngest sons, Thomas Henry, and Charles Phillips (b. 1844), sailed from London for New Zealand. Another son Francis James (Frank) (b. 1840; d. QLD, 1881), a merchant seaman, had already preceded them to the colonies, first arriving in Sydney, NSW, in June 1857, as an apprentice crew-member on the ship Speedy. This perhaps accounts for the erroneous claim on Brooks's 1883 NSW death certificate that he himself had been in the colonies for 26 years, whereas the real figure was 24 (for New Zealand) and 23 (for NSW).

As it transpired, when as late as 1904 his daughter Eliza advertised for information on the whereabouts of her long lost father and brothers, this was probably the last their English family ever heard of any of them.

New Zealand and Australia (from 1859):

Brooks and his two sons duly arrived in Auckland, NZ, on 17 March 1859, as immigrants on the Excelsior. A week later, Brooks appeared as solo harpist in a concert for the Auckland Choral Society, with another recent arrival, the young pianist Albert Alexander. He and Thomas Henry, as vocalist, also later appeared in several Auckland concerts with the violinist Carl Schmitt, before, on 3 January 1860, having formed a touring partnership, Brooks (without his sons) and Schmitt sailed on to Hobart Town, Tasmania.

After giving several concerts in Hobart and Launceston with Schmitt, Brooks sailed on alone to Melbourne, and performed there in April, May, and June, reportedly intending next to rejoin his sons in New Zealand. Instead, however, he got no further than Sydney, where he arrived in June or early July.

Having married a second time in Sydney in May 1861, he gave his final public benefit concert in March 1862, and thereafter retired from the concert stage, and took up a post with the Customs department.

Repertoire and compositions:

Brooks's published concert programs in England, New Zealand and Australia indicate several works as his own compositions, none of which, however, are known to survive.

The polonaise by him was plausibly that he published in 1827. However, perhaps not all the works he claimed were entirely his own. For instance, his often performed variations on Believe me, if all those endearing young charms might have been based on, and developed from, a published set, such as, for instance, that by John Weippert.

Among other works, he frequently programmed one or more duos ("Duo da camera", "Grand Duo") by William Henry Steil, as well as two sets of variations, on My lodging is on the cold ground, and O Nanny wilt thou gang with me, probably also those by Steil, who was active in London in the second decade of the century, and could plausibly have been one of Brooks's teachers.

He also performed works by Ferdinando Paer, including the Overture to Agnese.

The military march "from a distance" often also included in his programs was almost certainly Bochsa's Favourite march in imitation of a military band at a distance.

Two other interesting works that he programmed in Auckland were arrangements by Bochsa of "Come innocente Giovane", from Donizetti's Anna Bolena, and of themes from L'ultimo giorno di pompei by Giovanni Pacini.

He also frequently accompanied vocalists, especially in harp-themed songs, as, in Hobart in January 1860, when Rosina Carandini and Brooks performed Stephen Glover's The blind girl to her harp.

At his own very last public concert, in Sydney in March 1862, he also programmed a sonata ("opera 47") by Jean-Baptiste Cardon.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, in the year 1799; register 1797-1801; London Metropolitan Archive (PAYWALL)

Baptised 29 [May 1799] / Thomas S. of Thomas & Ann Brooks of Clostreet road. Born 2nd inst.

Marriages solemnized in the united parishes of Christ Church and St. Leonard, Foster Lane, in the City of London, in the year 1824; register, 1824-42, [unpaginated]; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 635 / Thomas Brooks of the parish of St. Leonard Foster bachelor & Catherine Watson of the same parish were married in the church by Banns this [26 December 1824] . . . in the presence of Thos. Brooks Sen'r . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Saint Sepulchre in the county of Middlesex and City of London in the year 1826; register, 1818-31, page 62; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 494 / Jan'y 13th / Thomas Henry Son of / Thomas and Catherine / Brooks / Old Street / Professor of Music . . .

"Review of Music . . . HARP", The harmonicon [London] (June 1827), 139 

. . . 5. Polacca and Polonaise for ditto [the harp], with FLUTE Accompaniment and an Introduction, by T. Brooks. (Brooks, 17, Hunter Street.) . . .
No. 5 is more remarkable for its title than for any thing else. We would fain know the difference between a polacca and a polonaise; having always supposed that both signify a Polish dance, only that the one word is mongrel Italian, the other legitimate French. We, however, cannot for the life of us find out more than one air in this piece: the variation of the subject at page 6 may be meant as the second, but if so, it proves, without any further evidence, that polacca and polonaise mean one and the same thing. Mr. Brooks calls this a favourite air: it may be so; but it is so common, so like a thousand other things of the same class, that we cannot find any distinctive marks about it.

"COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. - THURSDAY. MARQUIS v. BROOKS", Morning Post (12 November 1830), 4 (PAYWALL)

Mr. Sergeant Wilde stated that this was an action brought by the Plaintiff, Captain Marquis, a respectable gentleman, the Commander of the Lady Campbell Indiaman, against the Defendant, a Mr. Thomas Brooks, a gentleman of considerable professional talent as an instructor of music, resident in Hunter-street, Brunswick-square. The Chief Justice, after hearing the evidence, summed up, and the Jury, after five minutes' consultation, returned a verdict - Damages, 200 L.

"CRIM. CON", Bell's Weekly Messenger (15 November 1830), 6 (PAYWALL)

An action was brought in the Common Pleas on Thursday, by Captain Marquis, the East India Company's service, against Mr. Brooks, professor music. The damages were laid at 5,000l. It appeared that the plaintiff left England in 1826, and during his absence abroad the defendant was introduced into the family as teacher of the harp and piano-forte to the wife the plaintiff and his children, during which time the criminal intercourse question was committed. The principal witnesses for the plaintiff were two females, who had been employed as nurses to Mrs. Marquis, who deposed that the defendant frequently breakfasted with the lady, and sometimes stopped to dinner and tea. There was a sofa in the drawing-room (said one of these witnesses) and I frequently saw Mrs. M. and the defendant on it together. I have seen Mrs. Marquis lying along the sofa, and the defendant sitting at her feet, and on one occasion when I entered the room unawares in the afternoon, ahout three o'clock, I perceived the defendant and my mistress together on the sofa. I gave warning after this, but stopped another month to enable my mistress to suit herself. They said nothing to me on my entering the room, but appeared much alarmed. The defendant rose hearing the door open. He seemed very much confused, but said nothing. It was proved that the plaintiff and his wife lived upon affectionate terms, and that during his absence from England she received about 450l. a year. Mr. Serjeant Spankie, behalf the defendant, commented upon the evidence, and observed, that it was evident the plaintiff did not view his wife in a very criminal light; for it appeared, that after he had been informed of his wife's conduct, he again took her under his protection, lived with her in the same house, and there was reason to believe, cohabited with her. The Lord Chief Justice summed the case, and the jury, after consulting together a few minutes, returned verdict for the plaintiff - Damages 2OOl.

"From the LONDON GAZETTE, Tuesday, November 30 . . . BANKRUPTS", Trades' Free Press (4 December 1830), 4 (PAYWALL)

. . . Thomas Brooks, jun., Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, music seller . . .

"BANKRUPTS", The new monthly [London] (1 January 1831), 47 

November 30 . . . T. BROOKS, jun. Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, music seller . . .

[Notice], The London gazette (18 January 1831), 114 

WHEREAS the acting Commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued forth against Thomas Brooks the younger, of Hunter-Street, Brunswick-Square, in the County of Middlesex, Music and Musical-Instrument-Seller, have certified to the Right Honourable the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, that the said Thomas Brooks the younger hath in all things conformed himself according to the directions of an Act of Parliament made concerning Bankrupts . . .

England census, 6 June 1841, Islington, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 664 / 1 (PAYWALL)

Frederick Place / Thomas Brook / 42 / Tambour [maker] // Thomas / 15 / [illegible] /
Henry / 2 // Frances / Inf. / Catharine / 35 // Catharine / 6 // Eliza / 4 / [all born in county]

England census, 30 March 1851, Cripplegate, London; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1525 (PAYWALL)

15 Bridgewater Sq. / Thomas H'y Brooks / Son / U[nmarried] / 25 / Lace Man'r / [born] Midd'x St. Sep'lcr
Katherine / Dau. / 16 / - / [born] [Middlesex] Islington
Eliza / 14 // Henry / 12 // Francis J / 10 // Chas. P / 7 / [all born Middlesex Islington]

"NEWPORT PETTY SESSIONS. Saturday", Isle of Wight Observer (17 September 1853), 2 (PAYWALL)

The applications for new licenses, which was adjourned from the annual licensing day, were granted to Mr. Thomas Brooks, for the Star and Garter Hotel, Sandown . . .

"MEETINGS - At Basinghall-St. Cont. f. Col. 239 Gazette - Mar. 27, 1855", Perry's Bankrupt Gazette (31 March 1855), 6 (PAYWALL)

1855 - Brooks Thomas, of Henrietta-st, Covent-garden, and Sandown, Isle of Wight, wine and spirit merchant, late in co-partnership with Thomas Henry Brooks, of Benet's-hill . . .

"MEETINGS - At Basinghall-St. Cont. f. Col. 917 Gazette - Dec. 4, 1855", Perry's Bankrupt Gazette (8 December 1855), 6 (PAYWALL)

1855 - Brooks Thomas, of Henrietta-st. Covent-garden, co. Middlesex, and Sandown, Isle of Wight, co. Southampton, wine & spirit merchant, lately in copartnership with Thomas Henry Brooks, of Benet's-hill, London, lace manufacturer . . .

"RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Hampshire Advertiser (12 January 1856), 7 (PAYWALL)

The second family concert of this society came off on Friday (yesterday), at the Town Hall. The instrumental portion of the programme was sustained by Mr. Holloway (pianoforte), Mr. Austin (cornet), and Mr. Brooks, of Sandown (harp). About three hundred were present.

"RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Hampshire Advertiser (5 April 1856), 8 (PAYWALL)

Messrs. Austin and Holloway's benefit concert took place at the Town Hall on Monday evening last, before a crowded audience, numbering upwards of three hundred persons . . . A harp solo, "Fantasia on Popular Airs," by Mr. Brooks, the harpist, was rapturously applauded and encored; as was also his second solo in the 2nd part, - in fact, that gentleman's exquisite performance was the greatest attraction, and seemed to rivet the whole attention of the audience . . .

"DIVISIONAL PETTY SESSIONS . . . STEALING SILVER PLATE", Isle of Wight Mercury (3 January 1857), 2 (PAYWALL)

Emma White, a married woman, the wife of Henry White, was brought up in custody, on charge of stealing a silver cream ewer, the property of Mr. Thomas Brooks, at Sandown. The first witness called was Mr. Thomas Henry Brooks, son of the prosecutor, who deposed to being resident with his father, who kept the Star and Garter Inn, at Sandown. On Monday, the 22nd inst., he saw the cream ewer, (produced) standing on a glass shelf in the window of Mr. Barnard, jeweller and silversmith . . . The ewer he recognized as his father's property, and accordingly gave information to the police . . . Mr. Thomas Brooks, the prosecutor, being called, stated that in the early put of last summer the prisoner was frequently in his employ as charwoman . . .

"CONCERT", Hampshire Telegraph (6 June 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

We are informed from creditable sources that Mr. Brooks, of Sandown, the celebrated harpist, intends giving a concert at the Victoria Rooms in a short time. From his connexion with the Ryde Philharmonic Society, and from his popularity in Ryde as a performer, we have no doubt that he will be supported by an overflowing audience.

"MR. BROOKS, THE HARPIST", Hampshire Telegraph (20 June 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

The concert announced to take place at the Victoria Rooms for the benefit of this talented harpist has been for the present postponed. We hope, however, he will not cancel his intention altogether; for, from the valuable service he has rendered the Ryde Philharmonic Society at their various concerts, he is entitled to, and would doubtless receive, a large share of their support.

"GRAND BANQUET TO R. W. KENNARD, ESQ.", Isle of Wight Mercury (13 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

A Grand Banquet to the ex-conservative member of this borough was given at the Queen's Rooms, on Wednesday evening . . . In the musical department we noticed Mr. H. Austin, the talented performer on the cornet-a-piston, Mr. Brooks, the accomplished harpist, of Bembridge, and Mr. Mew, the efficient pianist, of this borough . . .

"NEWPORT. COUNTY PETTY SESSIONS. February 6 . . . TRANSFER OF LICENSE", Isle of Wight Mercury (13 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

The Star and Garter Hotel, Sandown, from Mr. Brooks to Mr. Frank Wheeler.

[Advertisement], Isle of Wight Mercury (20 February 1858), 5 (PAYWALL)

Victoria Rooms, Ryde.
MR. BROOKS BEGS respectfully to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of Ryde and its vicinity, that (several of the Members of the Ryde Philharmonic Society, with their Conductor, Mr. Holloway, having kindly offered their services,) he intends giving a CONCERT AT THE ABOVE ROOMS, On MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22nd, 1858, To commence at Eight o'Clock. VOCALISTS: Miss BROOKS; Miss E. BROOKS; Mr. BROOKS, Jun.; Mr. MACHIN; and MEMBERS of the RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY.
PART I. INSTRUMENTAL. - Pianoforte: Grand Wedding March, composed in honor of the Princess Royal: Mr. A. S. HOLLOWAY - Holloway . . .
SONG. - "I heard thy fate without a tear:" Mr. BROOKS, Jun. - Mrs. Merest . . .
SONG. - "The Gipsey Girl:" MISS E. BROOKS - S. Glover.
SOLO. - Harp: "My heart and lute," (with variations) Mr. Brooks - T. Brooks . . .
FANTASIE BRILLANTE. - Pianoforte: Lucrezia Borgia Mr. J. BROOKS - Oesten.
DUETT. - "Hark! 'tis the Moorish Evening Drum: Miss Brooks and Mr. Brooks, Jun. - J. Blockley.
DUETT. - Harp and Pianoforte: Duo da Camera; Messrs. T. and J. BROOKS - Steill.
PART II. SELECTIONS FROM MARITANA. - Harp, Pianoforte, Cornet, & Flute: Messrs. T. & J. BROOKS, JONES, and JONES, JUN., Jun. - Arranged J. G. Jones.
SONG. - With Harp accompaniment: "The Blind Girl to her Harp:" MISS BROOKS - S. Glover . . .
DUETT. - "What are the Wild Waves saying." Miss BROOKS & Miss E. BROOKS - S. Glover.
SOLO. - Harp: Mr. BROOKS - T. Brooks.
SONG. - "Maid of Athens:" (by desire) Mr. BROOKS, JUN. - Byron.
SONG. - "The Songs of other years:" MISS E. BROOKS - S. Glover . . .
SOLO. - Pianoforte: "A Grand Turkish March:" Mr. J. BROOKS.
SONG. - "Widow Machree" - Mr. BROOKS, JUN. - Lover . . .

"MR. BROOKS' BENEFIT CONCERT", Hampshire Telegraph (27 February 1858), 6 (PAYWALL)

This gentleman, who has rendered such important services to the Philharmonic Society by his gratuitous assistance at their musical entertainments, gave a concert at the Victoria Rooms on Monday evening, and, considering the numerous concerts that have lately taken place and others on the tapis, it was fairly attended; though, for the sake of Mr. Brooks - who spared neither trouble or expense in getting up a superior entertainment - we should like to have seen him better supported. The programme contained some choice selections of instrumental pieces, in which Mr. Brooks (harpist), Mr. J. Brooks (pianist), Mr. J. G. Jones (flutist), and Mr. Jones, jun. (the talented cornet player), all appeared, and their performances were warmly applauded. Mr. Brooks met with a deafening encore in his exquisite harp solo, "My Heart and Lute," as did Mr. Jones, jun., in his cornet solo; and Mr. J. Brooks gave a pleasing evidence of his talent in a Fantasia Brilliante, from "Lucrezia Borgia," on the piano forte . . . and the Misses Brooks and Mr. Brooks, jun., were very successful in their various songs and duetts . . . The programme was rather too long, and did not terminate till after eleven; but as it was judiciously varied the audience did not evince impatience . . .

"MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", Isle of Wight Mercury (27 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

This capital concert came off at the Victoria Rooms, on Monday evening, in the presence of large and highly respectable audience. The chief instrumentalist was of course Mr. Brooks himself . . . The Misses Brooks also sung one or two compositions very prettily, although an extreme nervousness was now and then exhibited which was somewhat painful to witness. When these young ladies have however had little more experience this feeling will speedily wear off . . . But the finest treat of the evening was undoubtedly the performance on the harp, pianoforte, cornet, and flute by Messrs. T. and J. Brooks, Jones, and Jones, jun. . . . "selections from Maritana, arranged by J. G. Jones," and it was given with precision of tone and a harmonious blending of the different instruments that had a most pleasing effect. Each gentleman is alike deserving of praise, and each was rapturously applauded throughout. Mr. Brooks also played on the harp, a beautiful little composition entitled "My heart and lute," and in our opinion this and the preceding piece were decidedly the gems the evening. A harp and pianoforte duett entitled "Duo du Camera," was also pleasingly rendered by Messrs. T. and J. Brooks. The entertainment, which was superior description, concluded with the National Anthem.

[Advertisement], Hampshire Independent (3 April 1858), 5 (PAYWALL)

UNDER the Patronage of the Worshipful the Mayor, the Officers of the Garrison, and several families of distinction.
VOCALISTS, Miss Brooks, Miss E. Brooks, Mr. T. H. Brooks, Mr. Machin, and Gentlemen from the Ryde Philharmonic Society.
INSTRUMENTALISTS, Cornet-a-Piston, MR. H. AUSTIN, Who has kindly volunteered his services.
Reserved Seats, 3s.; Second Seats, 2s.; Gallery, 1s . . .

"NEWPORT", Hampshire Telegraph (3 April 1858), 7 (PAYWALL)

A Concert is to take place at the Queen's Rooms, on Wednesday evening . . . for the benefit of Mr. Brooks, late of the Star Hotel, Sandown, the celebrated performer on the harp . . . As the ready aid of the beneficence [sic, beneficiare] was at all times given to the sacred cause of charity, or to promote the welfare of a brother musician, it is to be hoped, that on this occasion, Mr. Brooks will receive his reward in a bumper . . .

"NEWPORT. MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", Isle of Wight Observer (10 April 1858), 3 (PAYWALL)

A concert took place at the Queen's Rooms on Wednesday evening under the patronage of the Mayor, the officers of the Garrison, and several families of the town and neighbourhood, for the benefit of Mr. Brooks, the talented harpist, who has on many occasions shown every disposition to assist by his presence any society where his services were desired. The weather was exceedingly unfavourable, as the rain descended torrents and the wind blew in fitful gusts, notwithstanding which the attendance was numerous and respectable. The artistes comprised the Brooks' family; in addition to whom, Mr. H. Austin, the highly talented cornet-a-pistons player, and Mr. Machin, of Ryde, and the Newport Glee Society, volunteered their services. The programme was very varied, and, as too often is the case, was much too long; especially as the absurd custom of encoring is now carried to so great a length . . . Mr. Brooks gave two solos on the harp, which were warmly received. The Misses Brooks at first appeared nervous, but they rallied, and in the duett, "What are the wild waves saying" they were encored. Mr. Brooks, jun., sang three songs in capital style, but the last, "Widow Machree," was much the best. The performances upon the whole gave much satisfaction, and we hope that Mr. Brooks has netted an amount equal to his most sanguine expectations.

"VENTNOR. LITERARY INSTITUTE", Isle of Wight Observer (24 April 1858), 3 (PAYWALL)

A concert was advertised to take place at these rooms on Tuesday evening last . . . the vocalists were to have been Miss Brooks, Miss E. Brooks, Mr. Brooks, jun. . . . the instrumentalists, Mr. Brooks (harp) and Mr. J. Brooks (pianoforte) . . . We must . . . do Messrs. Brooks the justice of acknowledging that their duett "Duo da Camera" (harp and pianoforte) was a gem fit for any audience, and it received a hearty encore . . .

New Zealand (1859):

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND. ENTERED INWARDS", Daily Southern Cross [Auckland, NZ] (18 March 1859), 2 

March 17 - Excelsior, ship, 790 tons, H. Faithfull, from London. Passengers . . . Second Cabin and Steerage: . . . Thomas, Thomas J., and Charles Brooks . . .

[Advertisement], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (23 March 1859), 3 

Conductor - Mr. Joseph Brown. Pianist - Mr. Fleetwood.
THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL for the season will take place on THURSDAY evening, March 24th, in the Odd Fellows' Hall.
The Programme. Solo - Harp - Mr. Brooks. HANDEL'S "ACIS and GALATEA." Solo - Pianoforte - Mr. Alexander . . .
J. E. Bates, Hon. Sec.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Brown (conductor)

"THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL of the Fourth Season of the Auckland Choral Society . . .", New Zealander (26 March 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Thursday evening . . . Great additional interest was given to the rehearsal by the harp solo of Mr. Brooks and the pianoforte solo of Mr. Albert Alexander - two new-comers who have at once begun to contribute to the musical entertainment of their older fellow-colonists. Mr. Brooks chose for his theme, the lovely melody "My lodging is on the cold ground," which be played with the touch of a genuine melodist: the variations were also well executed; and having the advantage of an excellent instrument, Mr. Brooks merited the applause which he received . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Daily Southern Cross (29 March 1859), 3 

. . . The concert was opened by Mr. Brooks, a harpist of no inconsiderable power, lately arrived in the Province. He received a hearty encore. Mr. Brooks was followed by Mr. Albert Alexander, also a new arrival, on the piano-forte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Albert Alexander (pianist)

"PROFESSOR CARL SCHMITT", New Zealander (2 April 1859), 3 

On Thursday evening, at the close of the weekly practice of the Auckland Choral Society, Professor Schmitt - who has promised to aid in the Society's public performances - afforded the members who were present a rich musical treat by his masterly rendering of two of De Beriot's finest violin solos . . . In our next we hope to be able to draw attention to the announcement and the programme of the concert, at which, we hear, among others, Mr. Brooks', the harpist, his son, and Mr. Strauch will assist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Schmitt (violinist)

"CLASSICAL CONCERT", New Zealander (13 April 1859), 3 

We have to drew the attention of our readers to the advertisement of the concert to be given on Friday evening by Professor Schmitt, Mr. Brown (Conductor of the Choral Society), and the Messrs. Brooks, assisted by Mr. Strauch. Of Mr. Brooks' harp-playing, Mr. Brown's accompanying and ballad singing, or Mr. Strauch's fine bass voice and accurate rendering, we need say nothing. Mr. Brooks, junr., we have not yet heard, but have learnt that the is a pleasing and correct vocalist.

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (15 April 1859), 2 

PROGRAMME: PART I. OVERTURE TANCREDI - (Rossini) Messrs. Brooks and Brown . . .
Song, I heard thy Fate without a Tear (M. Meress) - Mr. Brooks, Jun.
Fantasia, Harp, My Lodging is on the Cold Ground, with variations (Brooks) Mr. Brooks . . .
Duo Concertante, Harp and Pianofore (Duo da Lamira) (Heil) [sic] Messrs. Brown & Brooks.
PART II. Overture to Agnisi - (Pair [Paer]) - Piano & Harp, Messrs. Brooks & Brown.
Song, Hark! Ye Soldiers (Balfe) Mr. Brooks, Jun. . . .
Fantasia, (Harp) Mr. Brooks, Sen. . . .

"THE CLASSICAL CONCERT . . .", New Zealander (20 April 1859), 3 

. . . conjointly announced by Professor Schmitt and Messrs. Brown and Brooks, senior and junior, took place last Friday evening, when, notwithstanding the heavy showers which fell during the greater part of the day, there was a fair attendance of the lovers of good music. The overtures arranged for harp and pianoforte were given with great spirit by Messrs. Brooks and Brown, and Mr. Brooks' harp solos displayed his abilities as a harpist in a most favourable light: his touchy is light, his tone full, and his execution expressive and finished. He was loudly applauded . . . Mr. Brooks, junior sang his two songs with much vigour, though suffering from the prevailing influenza. He also sang "Widow Machree" with humour. This has been objected to by some strict classicists as not strictly in keeping with a "classical concert," and perhaps it was not, but it made the audience laugh; and if we are not mistaken, the great Beethoven was so smitten with the gloriously rollicking humour of our celebrated national air "Old King Cole," that he has introduced it, in more shapes than one, into some of his most classical compositions. Are we, in fact, to suppose, that no true classic musician or scholar ever enjoys a bit of fun? . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (26 April 1859), 2 

PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture to "Agnese," for Harp and Piano; Paer - Messrs. Brown and Brooks . . .
Fantasia, Harp, - Mr. Brooks, sen.
Song, - "I'm leaving thee, Annie," - Mr. Brooks, jun.
Duo Concertante, for harp and Pianoforte, - Non piu andrai; Mozart, - Messrs. Brown & Brooks.
PART II. Duo Concertante, - Harmonious Blacksmith; Handel, - Messrs. Brown and Brooks . . .
Song, - Maid of Athens; Byron, - Mr. Brooks, jun.
Solo, Harp, - My Heart and Lute; Brooks, - Mr. Brooks, snr. . . .

"THE SECOND CLASSICAL CONCERT . . .", New Zealander (30 April 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Wednesday evening, and, notwithstanding a seasonably heavy shower of rain which fell just as folks were "going to go," the attendance was numerous . . . Mr. Brooks, sen., will make the harp quite a popular instrument among us, especially as an accompaniment to a simple ballad - of which we had proof in his accompaniment to the pathetic ballad, "I'm leaving thee, Annie," which his son sang very well but with rather too much dramatic emphasis. The "distant-music" solo was the favourite with the audience of Mr. Brooks' harp solos - and justly so, for the crescendo, forte, and diminuendo were most artistically given. Our Southern friends may reckon upon a great treat, if Mr. Brooks carries out his intention of paying a visit to each of the other Provinces . . . Mr. Brooks, jun., sang "Maid of Athens" so well that it was redemanded - old friends are ever welcome even in this age of novelties . . .

MUSIC: My life, I love you [Maid of Athens, 'ere we part] (music by Isaac Nathan, words by Byron)

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (12 July 1859), 2 

"A Nicht wi' Burns and Ramsay."
Under the special Patronage of HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR, And MRS. GORE BROWNE, And of His Honor John Williamson, Superintendent.
selected from the Songs of ROBERT BURNS and ALLAN RAMSAY,
PROGRAMME. Part I. Duo Concertante, for Harp and Pianoforte - "Caller Herring"; Mrs. Anderson and Mr. T. Brooks . . .
Fantasia, Harp, - introducing the airs, "Ye Banks and Braes," "Scots Wha Hae," "Auld Lang Syne," and "Green Grows the Rashes" . . .
Solo on Scottish Airs, on the Miniature Double Bass; Master J. Alexander Beale.
PART II . . . Solo, Harp, - introducing the airs, "Oh Nanny," "Tulloch Gorum," and "March."
Glee, - "Willie brew'd a peck o' Malt."
Duo, Harp and Pianoforte, - Messrs. Brooks and Fleetwood . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas and Harriet Gore Brown (governor and wife)

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (2 September 1859), 3 

MR BROOKS' CONCERT, in the Odd Fellows' Hall, on MONDAY EVENING, September 5th.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Quartett - "Come Innocente Giovane," from Op. Anna Bolena (Bochsa) Harp, Pianoforte, Flute, and Violoncello - Mrs. Anderson, Messrs. Brooks, Robottom and Currie . . .
Solo, Harp, on Irish Melody with Variations - Mr. T. Brooks. (Brooks.) . . .
PART II. Quartett - "L'Ultimo Giorno di Pompei" (Bochsa) Harp, Pianoforte, Flute and Violoncello, Mrs. Anderson, Messrs. Brooks, Currie, and Robottom . . .
Fantasia, Harp, Irish airs, introducing "Legacy," "Garry Owen," "The Harp that once thro' Tara's Hall," "Nora Creina," "St. Patrick's Day" . . .
Instrumental - "St. Patrick's Day," "God Save the Queen" . . .

"MR. BROOKES' CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (4 November 1859), 3 

We beg to call attention to Mr. Brookes announcement of a concert to be given next week. His selection of music we may further add, is good, and Mr. Brookes is well supported, both in the instrumental and vocal departments . . . and Mr. Brooks, jun., will also sing some favourite pieces . . . We anticipate that Mr. Brooks will have a crowded audience. We need not allude to his own performances on the harp, being aware that they are well known, and have been always highly appreciated in Auckland.

"MR. BROOKS' FAREWELL CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (3 January 1860), 3 

We feel assured that the numerous attendance at this Concert on Saturday evening, must have afforded Mr. Brooks very flattering proofs of the estimate formed by the public generally of his abilities as a musician. The Duett for Harp and pianoforte arranged upon Rossini's celebrated overture to "Tancredi;" very ably executed by Mr. Brooks and Mrs. Anderson, was welcomed with acclamation . . . Mr. Brooks in one of his favourite solos - "My Heart and Lute, with variations" . . . was deservedly encored thrice . . . An apology was made for Herr Schmitt, and his place very agreeably supplied by Mr. Brooks in a Fantasia on the Harp. We are happy to learn that Mr. Brooks intends returning here after a professional tour in Australia, and we feel convinced that the exquisite taste and feeling which he displays on the harp, will secure for him many admirers among our Continental neighbours.

[Shipping], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (4 January 1860), 3

December 31 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons. J. Riddle, from Hobart Town. Passengers [for Hobart] - Messrs. W. C. Schmitt, H. Brooks . . .

Tasmania (January to March 1860):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF HOBART TOWN. ARRIVED", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (24 January 1860), 2 

January 23 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons, Riddle, from Auckland (N.Z.) 3rd instant, with sundries. Passengers - Messrs. Smidt, Brooks, Jackson, Grey, and Lipscombe . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 January 1860), 1 

THE HARP, MR. T. H. BROOKS, The Celebrated Harpist;
AND HERR CARL SCHMITT, The Bavarian Violinist,
Have Iho honor to announce their arrival in Hobart Town,
and will shortly perform AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.

"GRAND CONCERT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (31 January 1860), 2

In calling public attention to the Concert announced by Mr. Brooks and Herr W. Carl Schmitt to take place this evening at the Temperance Alliance Rooms, we omitted to mention that the talented assistance of Miss Rosina Carandini and Mr. Buddee had been engaged on the occasion. Of the ability of these artistes we need say nothing, as it is well known to the public, but we perceive by the programme that Mr. Buddee will appear with both our visitors in some admirable duetts, respectively arranged for the harp and pianoforte, and for the violin and that instrument. Thus the opening overture to Rossini's Tancredi, and the closing overture to Paer's Agness (harp and pianoforte), both fine productions in very different styles, and the Duo Concertante from Auber's Masaniello (violin and pianoforte) will bring forth the powers of both performers in a manner that cannot fail to delight the audience. Miss Rosina Carandini has had allotted to her amongst other songs "The Blind Girl to her harp," with harp accompaniment by Mr. Brooks; in short the whole of the music selected both vocal and instrumental, is of a very choice character, and the Concert promises to be something above the usual run of such entertainments.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 February 1860), 3 

Duo Concertante for the violin and piano (De Beriot.) - Herr W. Carl Schmitt and Mr. Buddee.
Solo - Harp, (Brooks), Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Song - Ever of Thee, (by desire,) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Solo - Violin, Souvenirs de Bellini (Artot) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - The Violet, (Mendelssohn), Miss Kent.
Duo for the Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Elegy for the Violin, (Ernst), Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - Come when the Moon is Breaking, (Lindley), Miss Kent.
Solo - Harp, Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Cavatina - Opera La Traviata (Verdi) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Concerto for the Violin, op 53, (W. C. Schmitt) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Duo - Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Tickets Three Shillings, to be had at Messrs. Walch and Sons, Wellington Bridge, Mr. Atkins, Murray-street, and at the doors in the evening.
Doors open at half-past 7 to commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE MONTH . . . PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (14 February 1860), 3 

In addition to the Oratorio already alluded to our citizens have been treated to two concerts given at the Temperance Alliance Rooms by Mr. T. H. Brookes, "the celebrated harpist," and Herr W. Carl Schmitt, "the great Bavarian Violinist," assisted by Misses Ellen Kent and Rosina Carandini, as vocalists, and Mr. Buddee, as pianist. The music selected for performance was admirably calculated to exhibit the great musical abilities of the artistes, whose style of playing, especially that of Mr. Brooks, elicited deserved applause.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosina Carandini (vocalist); Ellen Kent (vocalist); Julius Buddee (pianist)

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (15 March 1860), 2 

It has not been often of late that the musical public of Launceston has had the pleasure of listening to music of a high character, rendered by artists capable of giving full expression to the beautiful imaginings of some of the great masters of the art, yet such a pleasure was realized by those (and they were a goodly number) who attended the Cornwall Rooms on Thursday evening at a concert given by Mr. T. H. Brooks (harpist), and Herr Carl Schmitt (violinist), assisted by our fellow townsman, Mr. Robert Sharpe, who presided at the pianoforte.

Rossini's overture to Tancredi, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the concert, and was followed by De Beriot's 7th air varie for the violin, which was well executed by Herr Schmitt, and encored: answering to the call he gave the Carnival de Venise with variations. Next succeeded a solo on the harp, played with great taste by Mr. Brooks. A burst of applause and loud cries of "encore" greeted the artist at the conclusion of his beautiful solo, and again he had to seat himself at his instrument. This time he played the spirit stirring Scotch air "The Campbells are coming" with variations. Mr. R. Sharpe then gave a solo on the harmonium, the composition of A. Lefebure Wely. It is a composition evincing great musical knowledge, but of too scientific a character for a general audience. The overture to Agnes, arranged as a duo concertante for harp and pianoforte, closed the first part of the entertainment.

Selections from Auber's opera of Massaniello, arranged as a duo concertante for the violin and pianoforte opened the second part, and at its conclusion Mr. Brooks, after a brilliant prelude, played the beautiful Irish melody "My lodging is on the cold ground" with variations. The overture to Zampa, on the harmonium, was the next in the order of succession; and then followed Artot's "Souvenirs de Bellini," executed by Herr Carl Schmitt on the violin. This beautiful piece of instrumentation was deservedly encored; and the artist gave "Home, sweet home" with variations. The finale was a duo concertante by Paer, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, and was executed with great fidelity and taste.

We suppose that in accordance with the usual custom, we must now say a few words on the merits or demerits of the performers. This is not always a gracious task, for we confess we are not of those who either indulge in a system of lavish and often of unmerited praise, or, on the other hand, visit those who have displeased us with a sweeping and often undeserved censure. If a man in our opinion possesses merit, we are willing to do justice to that merit; but if, on the other hand, he is a charlatan, although it may not be always expedient to do so, yet we cannot help exposing him. It is this principle which gives value to criticism, for without it criticism is worse than valueless. One other observation we would make: no one but a musician should attempt to write a musical criticism. By a musician we do not mean a more player, but one who, by study and observation, has so refined and cultivated his musical talents, as to be able to enter into and appreciate the works of the great masters of harmony, and who also, in addition to this, has at some time or other had frequent opportunities of listening to the first performers of the day. The truth of this must be so obvious to all, that any further observations on this subject are needless.

Mr. Brooks, although not possessing the rapid and brilliant execution of Bochsa or Chatterton, is a harpist possessing great musical taste and skill, and his harmonics are the most perfect we have ever heard. He plays with great feeling, at times drawing forth tones of melting sweetness - at others, as with a firm hand, he sweeps the strings, eliciting chords so beautiful, yet withal so stirring, that one might almost fancy oneself in a baronial hall, listening to a bard of old. Of this one thing we are certain - there but few in Launceston who have had the pleasure of listening to a harpist possessing the ability of Mr. Brooks.

Herr Carl Schmitt is, we understand, a member of the Conservatoire de Paris, and was for some time violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. He is a sound performer on the violin, and produces a tone of great depth and purity. His execution is brilliant, and at the same time it possesses a smoothness which renders it very pleasing, and there is a total absence of that tricky playing which, however taking it may be to the uninitiated, is sure at once to be detected by the musician. Herr Schmitt has evidently studied deeply, and enters with enthusiasm into the practice of his beautiful art. We should be wanting in justice, did we not notice very favorably the accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Sharpe (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 March 1860), 4 

Academy of Music, 181 Macquarie Street.
MR. BUDDEE, in conjunction with Messrs. SCHMITT & RUSSELL,
have the honor to announce that on the 1st of April next, an Academy of Music will be commenced,
in which the Pianoforte, Violin, Harmonium, and Flute, will be Taught.
Also classes formed for Singing and the Theory of Music.
Terms, which will be very moderate, may be known by application to Mr. Buddee, at his residence, 181 Macquarie-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkins Russell (violinist)

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 March 1860), 4 

The Concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms on Wednesday evening last, if not numerously, was most fashionably attended, many of the families of our leading fellow citizens being present, including that of his Worship the Mayor, who was also himself there. The Concert, which was wholly of instrumental music, that of the harp, piano, and violin, commenced with Rossini's overture to Tancredi. After which Herr Schmitt delighted his audience with a thrilling melody of De Beriot which was encored, when Herr Schmitt gave with great taste and feeling a selection from the Carnival de Venise. Mr. Brook then gave a solo on the harp which produced sounds of applause and an encore. Mr. R. Sharp then played with good execution a solo on the Harmonium, the composition of Lefebure Wely, which was followed by a duo concertante on the harp and piano, Mr. Sharpe playing the piano part.

The second part consisted of a violin and piano duo by Messrs. Schmitt and Sharp. The overture to Zampa on the harmonium by Mr. Sharpe; the Souvenirs de Bellini beautifully executed by Herr Schmilt on the violin, and a duo concertante by harp and piano . . . Herr Carl Schmitt is a very distinguished musician, being a member conservatoire de Paris, and violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. Mr. Brooks has also moved in the highest musical circles at home, and on the continent, having been at one time Harpist to his late Majesty King George the Fourth, who was himself a brilliant musician and who bestowed on him marks of favour. Mr. Robert Sharpe gave the greatest satisfaction to the audience . . .

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (20 March 1860), 2 

Mr. T. H. Brooks and Herr Carl Schmitt, assisted by Mr. Robert Sharpe, gave another concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms, last evening, to a fashionable audience. Paer's overture to "Agnes," arranged as a duo-concertante for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the performance. A solo on the harp, "My lodging is on the cold ground," with variations, followed . . . The result was all encore, and Mr. Brooks, after a brilliant prelude, gave the air "Oh, Nanny, wilt thou gang wi' me," introducing Bochsa's Military March, with the band at a distance. De Beriot's sixth air with variations was the next in succession, and afforded Herr Carl Schmitt an opportunity of displaying his fine instrumentation. He too obtained an encore, and gave "Home, sweet home" with variations, one of these being played in harmonics on the fourth string. Bochsa's "Noturno," arranged as a duo for the harp and violin, followed, and with beautiful expression did the artists render this fine composition of the great maestro . . .

The second part opened with a duo dor the violin and pianoforte, selected from the works of La Barre and De Beriott. Mr. Brooks then gave on the harp Moore's melody "My heart and lute" with variations; this was loudly encored and answering the call he gave a medley of Irish airs, commencing with "The Legacy." And now came an exquisite composition, namely, Casorti's "Concert pour le Violon." It is classical music conceived in the highest style of art, and Herr Schmitt's rendering gave full expression to the composer's fine ideas, and it was a matter of no surprise that the artist was encored. He then gave the hacknied "Carnival de Venise," Mozart's "Non Piu Andrai," arranged as a duett for the harp and pianoforte concluded the concert. The accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte were as on the former occasion, played with very considerable taste and skill. It is with pleasure we announce that Mr. Brooks and Herr Schmitt will give another concert on Thursday evening.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 March 1860), 4 

We omitted to mention in our last that Herr Schmitt and Mr. Brook's last concert took place on the evening of the Regatta Day, and that a select company was highly entertained by it . . .

Melbourne, VIC (April to June 1860):

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (10 April 1860), 5 

Mr. Brooks, a harpist, whose performances at Hobart Town are very highly spoken of by the local press intends, we believe, giving a concert at St. Kilda, some day during the present week. Mr. Brooks has done well to take up his residence in this delightful suburb, and we trust he will meet with adequate support from those among whom he has cast his lot.

[News], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (12 April 1860), 4 

The usual weekly meeting of the St. Kilda Municipal Council was held, yesterday evening, in the Town Hall; Mr. Benjamin Cowderoy presiding. The correspondence read was not of much general interest, two of the letters being applications from a Mr. Thomas Brooks, and the secretary to the Mechanics' Institute, for the use of the hall for a concert on Monday, and a lecture on Tuesday, both requests being acceded to, the former on payment of £2 for expenses.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (17 April 1860), 4 

Last evening Mr. T. H. Brooks, a pupil of Bochsa, gave a musical entertainment at St. Kilda, which was numerously and fashionably attended. Of Mr. Brook's efforts it is impossible to speak too highly. He was assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton and Mr. G. R. G. Pringle.

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); George R. G. Pringle (pianist); Nicholas Charles Bochsa (teacher)

[News], The Argus (23 May 1860), 5

Mr. T. H. Brooks' concert at Hockin's Hotel last night, was much more thinly attended, owing to the inclemency of the weather, than it otherwise would have been. His Excellency was present, and the attendance generally was as numerous as could have been expected. The programme was well selected in most respects, and embraced a couple of septetts, one that of Mozart in C, and the other from Romberg, of which, however, portions only were performed by a party of gentlemen amateurs. Mrs. Hancock and Miss Bailey were the lady vocalists, and gave several airs, much to the satisfaction of the audience. Miss Bailey is a young lady, who, it will be remembered, lately made a promising debut at the Philharmonic Society's concert. She sang very well last evening, but it was unnecessary and injudicious on the part of a section of the audience to compel her to accept two encores. Mr. Brooks performed some variations on Moore's Melodies, a duet for harp and piano (presided over by Herr Elsasser), and, with Mrs. Hancock, Glover's favourite composition, "The blind girl to her harp." He was highly successful in every attempt. Herr Elsasser performed a rondo on the pianoforte, which, pleasing enough in itself, would have been hoard to more advantage had he possessed a better instrument. Mr. W. H. Williams sang one or two tenor airs, not without taste, but he has not the power and quality of voice which is required for a concert room. In one duet Mr. T. H. Davis took part. Mr. Moxon, who possesses a bass voice of fair quality, sang "The Wanderer." The concert, though prolonged till too late an hour, appeared to give general satisfaction.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS'S CONCERT", The Age (23 May 1860), 5 

. . . Mr. Brooks's harp playing was characterised by the utmost brilliance and delicacy, and he made a most favorable impression on the audience. He was encored in every instance. Herr Elsasser, who presided at the pianoforte throughout, performed with Mr. Brooks in the "Non piu Andrai," and deservedly shared the applause which followed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Barkly (governor); Amelia Bailey (vocalist); Charles Elsasser (pianist); William Henry Williams (vocalist); Septimus Moxon (vocalist); Thomas Holme Davis (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Age (30 May 1860), 1 

MR. T. H. BROOKS, HARPIST, begs to announce, that in compliance with the request of several gentlemen, he will give a FAREWELL CONCERT At Hockin's Rooms, on MONDAY, 4th JUNE . . .

[News], The Argus (5 June 1860), 4 

Whether or no the adage, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country, be true, this is certain - that Mr. S. H. Brooks [sic], harpist, may return to Wales [sic] with his blushing honours thick upon him, and with almost safely defy competition. His farewell concert last night, although not numerously, was appreciatively attended, and not a note fell from his willing and masterly fingers which did not stir his hearers into enthusiasm. Mr. Brooks evidently has a perfect command over that ordinarily most unsatisfactory instrument, the harp. He draws from it a long flowing melody, anon loud, impressive, and soul-stirring, and again melting, almost imperceptibly, into distance - softened, yet exquisitely distinct - in fact, an orchestra's music rendered, and beautifully rendered, as a solo. Without criticizing the evening's programme, we wish hearty success to Mr. Brooks, and may he be as well supported in the "old countree" as he was last night by his coadjutors at Hockin's.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (5 June 1860), 4-5 

Mr. T. H. Brooks, who is about to join his family in New Zealand, yesterday evening gave a farewell concert at Hockin's Hotel. Considering the excellence of the entertainment, the audience may well be designated scanty. The chief features of the concert were Mr. [5] Brooks's admirable harp playing, which in every instance received enthusiastic applause and encore; and passages from the Third and Ninth symphonies of Haydn written for Salomon's concerts. These were very nicely interpreted by an instrumental quartett, accompanied on the pianoforte by Herr Elsasser. The Duo da camera by this gentleman and the harpist was deserving of much praise, as also the vocalisation of Miss Mortley, the only lady singer of the evening. Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. T. H. Davis, and others, contributed towards an agreeable entertainment, which we were sorry to see was not more extensively patronised.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Mortley (vocalist)

Sydney, NSW (from July 1860):

[News], Empire (17 July 1860), 4 

. . . This evening Mr. Brooks, a harpist of some celebrity, and, we believe, one of the twelve harpists who formerly played at Jullien's promenade concerts at Covent Garden, will give his first concert in Sydney at the Exchange. He is said to be a worthy disciple of Bochsa, Godefroid, Parish Alvars, and the Cymrian Ellis Roberts, the finest modern executants on that ancient instrument. Mr. Brooks will be assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton, who makes her debut as a concert singer, the Misses Howson, Mr. Pierce (the concertina and rock harmonicon player), and others, and the veteran musician. Charles Packer will have the direction of the concert . . .

ASSOCIATIONS (Europe): Louis Jullien (conductor); Elias Parish Alvars (English harpist); Ellis Roberts (Welsh harpist, d. 1873); Félix Godefroid

[Advertisement], Empire (17 July 1860), 1 

Under the immediate patronage, of his Excellency the Governor-General, Sir W. DENISON, K.C.B.,
Trio - "The Magic Wove Scarf" - (Mountain Sylph) - Barnett - The Misses EMMA and CLELIA HOWSON, and Mr. F. HOWSON.
Canzonet - "Truth in absence" - Harper - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON.
Grand variations, Harp - "Irish Melody" - Brooks - Mr. T. H. BROOKS.
Ballad - "Our Hearts are not our Own" (Satanella) - Balfe - Miss CLELIA HOWSON.
Ballad - "Ever of Thee" - Foley Hall - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON.
Solo, Concertina - Mr. PIERCE - Airs from Norma.
Duet - "O'er the Hill and o'er the Dale" - Glover - The Misses EMMA and CLELIA HOWSON.
An intermission of 10 minutes.
Song - "The Blind Girl to her Harp" - Glover - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON, Harp obligato, Mr. BROOKS.
Buffo song - "Largo al factotum" - (Il Barbiere) - Rossini - Signor E. GROSSI.
Grand Polonaise and March, Harp - Brooks - Mr. T. H. BROOKS.
Cavatina - "Come into the Garden Maud" - Balfe - Miss EMMA HOWSON.
Song - "The Blind Man" - Kucken - Mr. F. HOWSON.
Grand Duo, Harp and Pianoforte - Steil - Messrs. BROOKS and MARMADUKE WILSON.
Mr. PACKER will preside at the Pianoforte.
To commence at 8 o'clock punctually.
Tickets, 5s. each, to be had at the Music and Book-sellers.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Dennison (governor); Emma and Clelia Howson (vocalists); Frank Howson (vocalist); John Ottis Pierce (musician); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Marmaduke Henry Wilson (pianist); Charles Sandys Packer (pianist, accompanist)

"MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1860), 5 

Yesterday evening, the concert of Mr. T. H. Brooks the celebrated harpist came off in the Hall of the Sydney Exchange, but was, we regret to say, only very thinly attended, the first item in the programme - one of great variety and judiciously chosen - was the trio of the "Magic Wove Scarf" (from the Mountain Sylph), sung by Mr. Frank Howson and his two talented daughters, Miss Emma and Miss Clelia Howson. Harpur's Canzonet "I'll think of thee," was then given with great effect by Miss Octavia Hamilton, who was in very good voice, and was very heartily applauded by the audience. Grand variations on the well-known Irish melody, "Believe me if all those endearing young charms" composed by Mr. T. H. Brooks, were then executed upon the harp by that gentleman in a manner which at once rendered it perfectly apparent to all present that he was a complete master of his instrument. His modulation is truly exquisite and his artistic execution of the numerous successive variations of the air were brilliant in extreme, and called forth a loud burst of well-deserved approbation. The applause was so long sustained that Mr. Brooks was compelled to resume his seat at the harp, when he delighted his hearers by the performance of variations on a fine air in which he took occasion to display, in a very remarkable manner, his great powers of modulations. The martial strain referred to first rose and fell swelled again into loud, heart-stirring and triumphant sounds, and then once more continued to become (almost imperceptibly) softer and softer, until at length the music died gradually away into absolute silence. After this exhibition of masterly skill, one of Balfe's ballads was very pleasingly rendered by Miss C. Howson, and then Miss Hamilton song Foley Hall's ballad, "Ever of thee," in such a manner that she was enthusiastically encored. The compliment was cheerfully acknowledged, but, instead of repeating the ballad, the lady gave, with great tenderness and artistic grace, the song "Why do I weep for thee," decidedly one of the richest gems produced in the course of the evening. Very high commendation is also due to Mr. J. O. Pierce's solo on the concertina - selections from Bellini the air "Hear me, Norma," for example, being a wonderful exhibition of taste and skill. Being loudly called upon Mr. Pierce again came forward and executed, with an almost magical ease and brilliancy, numerous variations upon one of Moore's Melodies. A Duet by Glover - "O'er the Hill and o'er the Dale," terminated the first part.

The song of the Blind Girl to her Harp, by Miss Octavia Hamilton, to an Harp obligato accompaniment by Mr. Brooks, was eminently successful, and the buffo song from Rossini's "II Barbiere," was sung with such spirit and expression by Signor E. Grossi, that he was under the rather fatiguing necessity of repeating it. A grand polonaise and march - the composition, we believe, of Mr. Brooks - was then played on the harp by that gentleman, who afterwards still further gratified everybody by his variations on a popular English air. A cavatina followed, sung by Miss Emma Howson, that lady's father afterwards obtaining loud applause for the manner in which he gave a fine, wild, melancholy song, the Blind Man, by Kucken. A grand duo, harp and pianoforte, by Messrs. Brooks and Wilson, terminated the concert, which, on every account, deserved to have been much more numerously attended. It is not, however, by any means improbable that the paucity of the numbers present may be accounted for by the fact of M. Coulon's Grand Concert coming off to-morrow evening, when the members of the late opera company are to appear, and when the musical public of Sydney will again have an opportunity of hearing the performance of an eminent artiste on the harp.

"CONCERT AT THE EXCHANGE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1860), 5 

Mons. Coulon's benefit concert last evening narrowly escaped being the complete success which the character of the entertainment would have justified. The hall was nearly filled, the reserved seats being entirely appropriated, and this in the face of unpropitious weather . . . In the course of the entertainment Mr. T. H. Brooks played on the harp a solo and (with Mr. M. Wilson on the piano) Steil's grand duo, in each case exhibiting precision and facility in fingering, combined with much taste in expression, so as to earn warm applause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emile Coulon (vocalist)

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", Empire (23 July 1860), 4 

. . . We have had three concerts since the termination of the opera season, and all in the present week. The first was given by Mr. Brooks, an eminent harpist, not unknown in England. As far as the entertainment was concerned, it was very successful, but the attendance was thin. Mr. Brooks is evidently deserving of all that has been said in his favour, and there was but one opinion as to his great talent . . .

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1860), 8 

The apprehensions which have for some time past been entertained, lest this old-established and popular Society would fall through for want of adequate support, and no longer afford these agreeable opportunities of social intercourse, were happily dissipated by the success that attended the first concert of the season, which came off last night at the Sydney Exchange - no previous concert of the Society ever having been attended by a larger, more respectable, or more interested audience . . . The concert commenced with God Save the Queen . . . followed by the overture to the opera of Lara, by Mr. Callen . . . A solo on the harp was then given by Mr. T. H. Brooks, who selected some of Moore's Irish Melodies, as airs upon which he brought out some striking variations, producing very novel effects; an encore was demanded and complied with . . . A grand duo (harp and pianoforte) from Mozart, by Mr. Brooks and Mr. Packer, was followed by a comic duet from "Don Pasquale, given by Miss Hamilton and M. Coulon, with great vivacity and appropriate action. His Excellency Sir W. Denison and several members of his family were present at the concert.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Douglas Callen (conductor, composer); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"Mr. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (18 August 1860), 3 

We have great pleasure in calling attention to the concert to be given on Monday evening next, at the Exchange Hall. We know of no gentleman in the profession more deserving of support than Mr. Brooks, who has on so many occasions voluntarily given his very valuable assistance at musical entertainments in our city. His world-renowned celebrity as a harpist ensures the gratification of all who may honor him with their company on Monday evening . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (20 August 1860), 1 

EXCHANGE HALL. Under the immediate patronage of the Committee of the Philharmonic Society.
Grand Quartette from Mose in Egitto - Rossini - MISSES HOWSON, MESSRS. FRANK HOWSON, GROSSI, and SCHLUTER.
Grand Scena - "Each nerve with fury." - Donnizetti - MR. F. HOWSON.
The celebrated shadow song from "Dinorah." - Meyerbeer - MISS EMMA HOWSON.
Fantasia, Harp, on favourite airs. - Brooks - MR. T. H. BROOKS.
German Song - HERR SCHLUTER.
Song - "Our Village Home." - E. Spagnoletti - MISS NINA SPAGNOLETTI.
Grand Duo - "Sur la tromba" - Puritani - Bellini - SIGNOR GROSSI and HERR SCHLUTER.
An interval of ten minutes.
Grand duet, Harp and Pianoforte - MR. T. H. BROOKS and MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON.
Irish Melody - "The Fairy Boy." - Lover - MISS CLELIA HOWSON.
Aria Buffo - Miei Rampoli - Rossini - SIGNOR GROSSI.
Grand Polonaise and March - Harp - MR. T. H. BROOKS.
Romanza - "Flower Angels" - Donizetti - MISS NINA SPAGNOLETTI.
Buffo duet - "Well, if I must speak," (Siege of Rochelle) - Balfe - MISS EMMA HOWSON and MR. FRANK HOWSON.
Grand Finale - "Rule Britannia" - Solos - MISSES HOWSON, MESSRS. FRANK HOWSON, GROSSI, SCHLUTER - Harp and Pianoforte accompaniment.
Tickets, 5s, each, to be had of all Music and Booksellers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nina Spagnoletti (vocalist); Adolph Schluter (vocalist)

"THE HARP CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1860), 4 

Mr. T. H. Brooks gave his second concert at the Exchange Hall, last evening. It was advertised to be under the patronage of the committee of the Philharmonic, but we fear the committee must have been a little inactive on this occasion, for, to a certain treat of instrumentalism, was added a programme of vocal music which might have attracted any lover of the song. We are sorry to say, though musically the concert was a complete success, that we fear Mr. Brooks will not reap much benefit from it, and it is much to be regretted that the performance of so very accomplished an artist should be so little appreciated. Time and space forbid us to do more than glance at the programme. The grand quartette from Rossini's "Moses in Egypt," was successfully rendered by the Misses Howson, Messrs. F. Howson, Grossi, and Schluter. Passing over Mr. F. Howson's song, "Each nerve with fury," by Donizetti, which he sung with more than usual energy, we come to the "Shadow song," from Meyerbeer's Dinorah. This exquisite gem was done full justice to by Miss Emma Howson, who must grow quickly, as her talents ripen, into public favour. Her soprano notes are perfectly beautiful; her contralto ones will still bear a little cultivation. As this is the only fault we can find in the whole of her performances, we may perhaps be forgiven for the criticism. The "Fairy Boy," a ballad, by Miss Clelia Howson, drew an enthusiastic encore, which called forth another ballad, taxing still more the powers of this young lady, and rendered more sweet by the winning and graceful simplicity which she exhibits. The performances or Herr Schluter and Signor Grossi deserve commendation. Now to come to the grand feature of the evening - the harp and the harpist. We remember to have heard the celebrated Bochsa, and we have heard no performer who could be compared to him, but Mr. Brooks, on this beautiful instrument. Bochsa had more fire, more genius perhaps than Brooks, but not more melody or sweetness and delicacy of touch. The whole of Mr. Brooks' brilliant performances, mostly on familiar themes, were rapturously applauded, and the encores demanded were good-humouredly complied with.

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5 

NOTWITHSTANDING the departure of the principal artists of the Italian troupe, the cause of music has not declined since our last summary, either with regard to the average number of musical entertainments, or to the general superiority of the music introduced to the public. The continued presence in Sydney of Miss Hamilton, M. Coulon, Signor Grossi, and Herr Schluter, as well as of the harpist, Mr. Brooks, has no doubt tended to afford a variety to the selections in the arrangement of the programmes . . . At the concert given on Monday night, by Mr. Brook, that gentleman was assisted by the Howson family (Mr. F. and the two pleasing young vocalists, his daughters), Miss Spagnoletti and brother, Messrs. Grossi, Schluter, M. Wilson, and C. Packer. The programme contained the usual number of operatic songs and ballads, with the two pieces de resistance - the quintette from Mose "Dal tuo," and "Rule Britannia!" Decided novelties. As alto relievos may be mentioned, Miss Emma Howson's song from Meyerbeer's "Dinorah," and "The Fairy Boy," by Miss. C. Howson, Herr Schluter's German song, the duet by Messrs. Wilson and Brooks, and the polonaise on the harp by Mr. Brooks. The encores were numerous, but want of space compels us to defer particulars . . .

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (25 August 1860), 8 

MR. BROOKS'S concert at the Exchange, on Monday evening last, was a reproach to the musical public of this city. It need hardly be stated here that Mr. Brooks is a harpist and musician of more than ordinary abilities, who has appeared on various occasions, and his fine playing has always elicited the admiration of auditors, but his second concert was even worse attended than the first. Some fatality appears also to follow the patronage of the Philharmonic Society, for the committee seem to think their names sufficient to secure a respectable attendance without, on their part, contributing to the number. Not more than one hundred persons were drawn together. The programme opened with Rossini's celebrated quartette, "Dal tuo," from Mose in Egitto, which was not surpassed by any vocal effort of the evening. This fine specimen from the scriptural opera was given by the Misses Howson, and Messrs. F. Howson, Grossi, and Schluter. The "Shadow song," from Meyerbeer's new opera of Dinorah, sang by Miss Emma Howson, is a beautiful morceau, easily recognisable as from the pen of the author of Le Prophete. The performance by Mr. Brooks of favourite airs on that instrument which produces the most delicious of all musical sounds - the harp - was exquisitely soft and beautiful, while the polonaise and march in the second part brought out the grandeur and fire, which the harp is capable of imparting to that kind of music. It is indeed to be regretted that this noble instrument is not more generally taught in this colony, as an accompaniment to the voice it is superior to every other kind of instrumentation. An aria buffo from Cenerentola by Signor Grossi, was very well sung, and also the romanza, "Flower Angels," by Miss Nina Spagnoletti, who possesses a very sweet voice, and, for one so young, evinces judgments and care in not attempting passages beyond her powers - a modesty which will have the effect of increasing the force and ensuring the stability of the voice. The concert terminated with "Rule Britannia," by the entire corps musicale, accompanied by the harp and pianoforte.

[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1860), 1 

THE HARP. MR. T. H. BROOKS is prepared to give instructions on the Harp. Address, 16, Jamison-street.

"MUSICAL NOTES OF THE WEEK", Empire (28 August 1860), 5 

MR. T. H. BROOKS, the harpist, gave his second concert on Monday evening, at the Exchange. Despite the general excellence of the entertainment offered, and the patronage of the Philharmonic Society, at whose last concert Mr. Brooks performed, the room was very meagrely visited . . . Mr. Brooks's harp variations on "My Heart and Lute," were in excellent taste; he was encored, and gave a French march, the band dying away and the tones dissolving in the distance, till the finest pianissimo melted in the distant air. As Bochsa, one of the matadors on this instrument, was not heard here, we may safely say that Mr. Brooks is the best performer heard in Australia, and without instituting any comparison with Parish Alvars, Ellis Roberts, Godefroed [sic], Rosalie Sphor [sic], or others, whose names are famous, it will not be denied that he would be considered a very admirable executant anywhere . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosalie Spohr (1829-1918, later countess Sauerma, niece of Louis Spohr)

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (29 August 1860), 5

SIR. - I should be glad to have an opportunity of hearing Mr. Brooks on the harp, but could not well afford 5s. If his charges at the last concert had been 5s. and 2s. 6d., it would have paid much better than it did. This has been the fault of many concerts lately, the price being too high for the times.
Yours truly, K.
Sydney, 28th August, 1860.

[News], Empire (24 September 1860), 4

Mr. T. H. BROOKS, WE are happy in being enabled to say, is now making preparations to afford our citizens another musical treat. Although Mr. Brooks has long maintained a distinguished career on both sides of the Atlantic, still, coming amongst us a perfect stranger, it, of course, will take time for him to be known here, and appreciated as he ought; but this much we are sure of, that all who hear the delightful strains he is enabled to produce upon the harp, will have ample reason to be highly gratified with the performance. We may here mention that Mr. Brooks' earlier career was remarkable. After the war in 1815, he played before the allied Sovereigns, at Guildhall; before Napoleon, at St. Helena; also, formerly, before the Duke of Wellington, at Strathfieldsaye; and before George the Fourth, at Carlton House, in the year 1820.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1861), 1 

On the 16th instant, at St. Phillip's Church, by special license, by the Rev. the Dean Cowper, Mr. Thomas Brooks, late of the Isle of Wight, to Rachel Martha, widow of the late J. A. Dodd, of Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1861), 1 

MASONIC HALL . . . THIS EVENING, at Miss Julia Simmons' Concert.
PROGRAMME: PART I. Overture - "Zampa," (Herold) - Band 12th Regiment
Cavatine - Se m'abbondoni (Mercadante) - Madam Sara Flower
Solo, harp - Irish airs, varied, (T. H. Brooks) - Mr. T. H. Brooks . . .
PART II . . . Solo, harp - "Polonaise" (T. H. Brooks) - Mr. T. H. Brooks . . .
Conductor - Mr. Douglas Callen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Simmons (vocalist); Sara Flower (vocalist); Band of the 12th Regiment (military band)

"MISS SIMMONS' CONCERT AT THE MASONIC HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 August 1861), 5 

Yesterday evening, Miss Julia Simmons' concert came off at the Masonic Hall, under the patronage of the Officers of her Majesty's XI Regiment, with much eclat. There was a numerous and highly respectable audience in attendance . . . Mr. F Ellard, Mr. T. H Brooks, and Master A. Anderson assisted on the occasion, the conductor being Mr. G. D. Callen . . . A solo on the harp, Irish airs varied, was beautifully played by Mr. T. H. Brooks, and honoured by an imperative encore . . . Mr. Brooks once more played a solo on the harp - the Polonaise . . .


[Installation of Provincial grand master of NSW] . . . In the evening the event was celebrated by a grand dinner in the new hall . . . [after the toasts] . . .
Air, on the harp, by Brother Brooks, "O, believe me, if all those endearing young charms" . . .
Set of Irish quadrilles on the harp, by Brother Brooks . . .
Air on the harp by Brother Brooks . . .

"DR. McGREGOR'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1861), 4

This evening, at the request of a number of influential residents, Dr. J. McGregor gives, at the Exchange Hall, an entertainment consisting of literary reminiscences, intermingled with a great variety of vocal illustrations of Irish melodies, to the accompaniment of Mr. T. Brooks on the harp, and Mr. W. J. Cordner on the pianoforte. The performance is to commence at eight o'clock. All the arrangements of the hall are, we believe, to be under the direction of Mr. C. V. Howard, whose experience in these matters is such as will doubtless tend to ensure the comfort of the audience.

ASSOCIATIONS: John McGregor (vocalist); William John Cordner (pianist); Charles V. Mason alias Howard (manager)

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (1 March 1862), 6 

MASONIC HALL, TUESDAY, the 11th Instant.
Under the Patronage of His Excellency Sir John and Lady Young, who have kindly consented to be present at the Concert,
accompanied by Lord John and Lady Taylour, Colonel and Mrs. Kempt, &c., &c.
BR. BROOKS will on this occasion be assisted by the Brethren of the Masonic Body.
Mr. BROOKS will play some of the most favorite of Moore's Melodies, which were so rapturously applauded at Dr. McGregor's Lecture on Irish Music.
Tickets can be obtained at the Freemasons' Hall; Mr. Brooks', 120, Philip-street; Mr. Alderman Caraher, Gloucester street; Mr. D. Kearney, Mr. Moffat, and Mr. Andrew Allan, Pitt-street; Mr. Robinson, Mr. Reddy, and Mr. Hourigan, William-street; Mr. Hurley, Mr. Aldis, and Mr. Poehlman, George-street; Mr. A. Cubitt, Bridge-street; and of Mr. Simpson, Agent for Mr. Brooks, 120, Elizabeth-street, near Wentworth Place.

ASSOCIATIONS: John and Annabella Young (governor and wife);

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1862), 1 

CONCERT. - Mr. T. H. BROOKS', the celebrated harpist,
Grand CONCERT, at the Freemasons' Hall, on TUESDAY, the 11th instant . . .
The following ladies and gentlemen will appear: -
Miss Brady, Miss E. Brady, Mrs. Cordner; Mr. Brooks, Mr. Cordner, and a gentleman amateur.
Mr. Richardson, the celebrated flutist, has in the handsomest manner volunteered his services, and will play several choice pieces.
German Song - Smile and I'll sing to thee - Carl Krebs - Miss M. Brady.
Solo, harp - Irish melody - T. Brooks - Mr. T. Brooks.
Ballad - Gentle Troubadour - W. F. Wallace - Miss Nina Spagnoletti.
Irish Melody - The harp that once (with harp accompaniment) - Mrs. Cordner.
German Song - The bird and maiden - Spohr - with flute obligato - Mr. Richardson.
Duet - The wind and harp - Glover - with harp accompaniment - The Misses Brady.
Part II.
Solo, Flute - Rodes' celebrated air - Mr. Richardson.
Ballad - I'm leaving thee in sorrow - G, Barker - with harp accompaniment - Gentleman amateur.
Solo, Harp - Sonate, Opera 47 - Cardon Fils - Mr. T. Brooks.
Ballad - When sorrow sleepeth - Ed. Land - Mrs. Cordner.
Cavatina - The blind girl to her harp - Glover - with harp accompaniment - Miss Nina Spagnoletti.
Harp and Piano - Duo da Camera - Steill - Messrs. T. Brooks and W. J. Cordner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary and Matilda Brady (vocalists); Ellen Cordner (vocalist); John James Malcott Richardson (flautist)

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1862), 4 

We take the opportunity of calling attention to a concert which is to be given by Mr. T. H. Brooks to-morrow evening at the Freemasons' Hall. Mr. Brooks is already favourably known to the public of Sydney by his performances on the harp at the Philharmonic concerts, and on other occasions; and the approval which his playing has uniformly elicited will be a sufficient recommendation to an extensive patronage on this occasion. Several professional vocalists and amateurs of acknowledged ability have promised their assistance, and there can be but little doubt that the services of these, together with Mr. Brooks' skilful performances, will render the concert one of a very superior character.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1862), 5

The harp has for many years gone out of vogue, its place being taken by the piano-forte, the cause of which has, no doubt, been that efficiency in playing upon the latter instrument can be acquired far more easily than that in playing on the former. The circumstance of the harp being now seldom heard has the effect of rendering such performances as those of last evening a grateful variation upon the staple of concerts, the music possessing, in addition to its other charms, those of novelty and freshness. The harp playing of Mr. Brooks displayed his thorough mastery over a most difficult instrument, and his power of producing all the varying effects required by the music. The wondrous variety of thrilling and of delicate tones which the skilful harpist produced at pleasure excited the regret that this elegant accomplishment, which was once so popular, should be now so entirely neglected, and also that Mr. Brooks' services should not be more frequently enlisted at the public concerts in Sydney. Mr. Brooks, besides accompanying several of the vocalists, gave two solo performances on the harp, both of which were rapturously encored. The first was the popular Irish melody Believe me if all those endearing young charms with variations, a very brilliant piece of playing. The encore exhibited the power of the harpist even more signally. It represented the march of a military band; the stirring effects produced by their gradual approach and retreat while playing, being most dexterously described by the crescendo and diminuendo movements. The other portions of the concert consisted chiefly of ballads, which were sung by Mrs. Cordner, the Misses Brady, Miss Nina Spagnoletti, and a gentleman amateur; the singing of each of whom was much admired, several of the pieces being encored. Mr. Richardson volunteered an admirable solo performance on the flute; and the concert closed with a beautiful duet-harp and piano - "Dua da Camera," the latter instrument being played by Mr. Cordner. The concert being in every respect a successful and thoroughly popular one, we have little doubt that a repetition of it will, before long, be demanded.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", Empire (12 March 1862), 4 

Last evening Mr. Brooks, the celebrated harpist, gave a concert at the Masonic Hall, York-street, which was extremely well attended. The concert was under the patronage of Sir John Young and Lady Young, Lady Young and Lord and Lady Taylour honoured the concert with their attendance. The performances commenced by Miss Brady singing the exquisite German Song, by Karl Krebs, "Smile, and I'll sing to thee," with the utmost purity of tone and delicacy of intonation, although the slowness of the time in which it was sung deprived it of some portion of that freshness and crispness which would otherwise have been exhibited. Mr. Brooks' solo on the harp (a brilliant fantasia on the well-known Irish air "Believe me if all those endearing young charms,") was played with a brilliance of execution and perfection of finish, which caused it to be enthusiastically encored. The celebrated "French March" was however substituted. Miss Nina Spagnoletti sung very effectively the pretty ballad "Gentle Troubadour," and Mrs. Cordner accompanied by Mr. Brooke on the harp, the pathetic ballad "The harp that once through Tarra's halls." Miss Brady sang in a very pleasing manner the delightful song "The bird and maiden," accompanied by Mr. Richardson, who played a charming obligato on the flute. Glover's duett "The wind and harp" was sung by the Misses Brady, and deservedly encored. Mr. Richardson played in a style worthy his great namesake, an exquisite flute solo, which was well and deservedly applauded. The favourite ballad "I'm leaving thee in sorrow Annie" was sung by a gentleman amateur, in a manner far superior to that with which we are favoured by amateurs generally, his voice (a clear tenor) was good, and his notes distinct and correct, and not marred by any attempts at ad libitum flourishes; the song was deservedly encored. Mr. Brooks next played a harp solo; the chief merit of which lay in the difficulty of its execution. Mrs. Cordner sang "When sorrow sleepeth" in good taste, and Miss Nina Spagnoletti to beautiful Cavatina, "The Blind Girl to her Harp," Mr. Brooks playing an excellent accompaniment. The performance came to a close with a duett on the harp and pianoforte by Messrs. Brooks and Cordner, which was much applauded. Mr. Cordner presided with his usual ability at the pianoforte.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1862), 5 

Yesterday evening Signor Cesare Cutolo's long deferred concert in aid of the funds of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, took place at the Freemasons' Hall in York-street, - a large and fashionable audience being in attendance on the occasion . . . Mr. Brooks also, from time to time, performed on the harp, exhibiting all the mastery which he has over that beautiful instrument. He was rewarded with numerous encores, and loud and repeated manifestations of applause . . . The duet of "the Wind and the Harp" by S. Glover, merits a particular notice. It was very sweetly sung by the Misses Brady to the magic notes of the harp - Mr. Brooks playing the accompaniment . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (pianist)

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1862), 7

The three chief musical events since the last summary have been the concerts successively given by M. Boulanger, Mr. T. H. Brooks, and Signor Cutolo . . . The concert of Mr. Brooks, the well-known and highly accomplished harpist (which came off on the 11th instant) was another intellectual treat, and was honoured with a numerous attendance. The character of this entertainment fully merited all the patronage which was bestowed upon it, and the uniform admiration then expressed at both the instrumental and vocal performances. Although the harp has now, to some extent, gone out of vogue, it is impossible not to confess the full capabilities of that instrument when made to speak by the scientific hands of a master. That wondrous variety of thrilling and delicate tones evoked by Mr. Brooks, at this and at all other times, from his favourite instrument, has excited a general regret that so elegant an accomplishment, once deservedly popular, should now be capriciously neglected. On the 18th Signor Cutolo gave his concert at the Masonic Hall, in aid of the funds of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children . . . The concert was also rendered additionally pleasing by the professional assistance of Mr. Brooks, whose performances on the harp were repeatedly encored . . .

[Private advertisement], New South Wales Government Gazette (18 August 1871), 1829 

MUNICIPALITY OF NORTH WILLOUGHBY. THOMAS HENRY BROOKS, of Burns's Bay, Lane Cove River, was duly elected an Alderman in the above Municipality, in the room of Richard Harnett, disqualified. H. H. BLIGH, Returning Officer. August 15th, 1871.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1883), 1 

BROOKES. - May 27, at his residence, Carisbrook, Burns Bay, Thomas Brookes, aged 86 years. He formerly resided in the Isle of Wight, England, and for many years was in H.M. Customs, Sydney. Regretted and respected by all who knew him for his integrity, and for his amiable and generous nature. Home and American papers please copy.

"Missing Friends", New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (29 June 1904), 269 

Thomas Brooks, Thomas H. Brooks, Prank J. Brooks, and Charles Phillip Brooks, who left London, England, for Australia, many years ago, and are said to have settled at Sydney or Melbourne. Inquiry at instance of Mrs. E. C. Ridout, of Spring Valley, Rockland, Co. New York, U.S.A.

ASSOCIATIONS: Brook's daughter, Eliza Charlotte Brooks (1836-1926), Mrs. Augustus C. Ridout

Bibliography and resources:

Rosemary Margaret Hallo, Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents (Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide, 2014), 12, 135, 142, 160, 163-67 (DIGITISED)

[135] . . . Brooks, like Bochsa, was an exponent of the Erard harp, and had purchased two harps (serial numbers 2822 and 3730) in London, prior to his Australian arrival. Either one or both these harps may have accompanied him on the journey and thus would have been the instrument he used for instructional purposes . . . In London, Brooks had studied with Chatterton . . .

[163] . . . Brooks performed on his own Erard double action harp, one of a number he had purchased in London. His first Erard (serial number 2822), was the instrument he used to complete his studies at the Royal Academy of Music in London (vol. 2, 141). His next harp purchase in 1849 was the new model Erard Gothic harp (serial number 5948), which he had subsequently sold the following year to a Mrs. Mortimer in Brighton, England (vol. 3, 174). Brooks may have preferred playing the smaller Grecian double action harp, as his next purchase, prior to departing London, was another Grecian harp (serial number 3730) as noted on the Harp Stock Books (vol. 2, 245). The smaller size of the Grecian would have made it more suited to his increasing travels as a performer, in that it would have been easier to manoeuvre transport between venues, hotels, and the various modes of travel that were encountered when touring.

BUT NOTE: Correctly, Brooks did not advertise that he was a pupil of Chatterton (Hallo 135, 142), who was anyway 5 years younger than him; there is likewise no evidence that he studied at the Royal Academy of Music (Hallo, 163), he again anyway being too old for its initial intake, and his name appears in no known accounts; moreover, all three harps Hallo associated with Brooks were in fact for other buyers of the same surname: no. 2822 (13 December 1819), for Arthur Brooke Esq., of Crown Street, Bury St Edmunds, on 25 April 1820 (see in Erard London ledger 2); no. 3730 (July 1825), for John Edward Brooks, of Headingley (see in Erard London ledger 2); and no. 5948 (August 1849), for Mrs. Col. Brookes, of Pelham Villa, Leamington, sold 28 October 1850 (see in Erard London ledger 3; see also facsimile images of the original accounts at Hallo, 205)


Actor, manager

Active Australia, 1850s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BROWER, Thomas P. (Thomas P. BROWER; T. P. BROWER)

Muscian, vocalist, violinist (Rainer's Minstrels; Rainer's Serenaders)

Born Philadelphia, USA, c. 1828
Arrived Sydney, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, December 1860
Died Philadelphia, USA, 15 March 1867, aged "38/39" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Record of marriages, St. Paul's church (Episcopal), Philadelphia, 1849; Historical Society of Pennsylvania (PAYWALL)

[1849] Dec. 5 / Thomas P. Brower to Mary Louisa Monell both of Philadelphia

"RAINER'S SERENADERS", Daily Alta California (25 July 1852)

"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

"THE LAST APPEARANCE OF THE SERENADERS", The Courier (21 April 1853), 3


Death certificate, Thomas P. Brower; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, death certificates index (PAYWALL)

Thomas P. Brower / 39 / [born] Philadelphia / [died] Philadelphia / 18 March 1867 / Actor / [address] 1122 Master, 20 Ward / married

"Negro Minstrelsy . . . DIED", New York Clipper, (23 March 1867), 7

In Philadelphia, on Friday, 15th inst., Thomas P. Brower, in the 39th year of his age. It was but a year or so ago that Mr. Brower returned to his native city, after an absence of many years in nearly every quarter of the globe, and where, we believe, he performed with various minstrel troupes. He was a brother of the well known Frank Brower, from whose residence, No. 1, 122 Master street Philadelphia, the funeral was to have taken place on the 18th inst.


The subject of our sketch was born in March 1837. He has visited, professionally, almost every part of the globe. Left New York in '53, when only sixteen years of age, for Melbourne, Australia, where he arrived after a voyage of one hundred and five days. After visiting the principal gold mines, and performing with success at each, in 1856 he joined the party consisting of Tom Brower (Frank's brother, since dead), Otto Burbank (now with George Christy), W. A. Porter, G. W. Demerest, D. F. Boley, J. O. Pierce, and a number of others. The company was styled the San Francisco Minstrels, under which appellation they performed throughout New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Van Dieman's Land and New Zealand . . . .

. . . Carson and Brower organized a company for India, which left Australia in August, 61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta . . . The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the San Francisco Minstrels, and there is not the slightest doubt that owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostaneee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, '66, the boys dislolved partnership, owing to the desire to sea their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral - Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen . . .

Related prints:

Old folks at home (as sung by T. Brower of Rainer's Minstrels, as arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: For the author by H. Marsh. [185?]) 

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 71 

Thomas P. Brower, a brother of Frank Brower, one of the organizers of the first minstrel show, and himself a performer of ability, died in Philadelphia, March 15, 1867; age 37 years.


John Cragin Rainer


Violin player (? band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830


"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds., Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause.


? Band of the 63rd Regiment


Musician, orchestra leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (22 October 1853), 2

. . . We do not mean to censure; but if our suggestion is worth having, Mr. Brown would add a great desideratum to the amphitheatre by giving us more musical variety . . .

"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (19 November 1853), 6

We would again suggest to Mr. Brown the necessity of an improvement in the music, and a greater variety. The music, on Tuesday night, during Cardoza's performance, was wretched. If Mr. Brown wishes to maintain his character as a musician, there must be a decided   change in the orchestra.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (3 December 1853), 6

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE - York-street - Open every evening with Dramatic and Equestrian Entertainments. Change of programme nightly. Daring feats in the Arena, comprising Scenic Acts ef Horsemanship, CLASSICAL DRAWING-ROOM ENTERTAINMENTS, Pantomimes, Ballets, &c., &c. Jester to the Arena, Mr. Palmer. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Brown. JOHN MALCOM, Proprietor.



Violin and guitar maker and repairer, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1857 (? arrived per La Hogue)

BROWN, J. (? John BROWN)

Violin maker

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1880

BROWN, Walter James (junior; W. J. BROWN)

Musician, violin maker and repairer, musical instrument repairer, double bass player

Born London, England, c. 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 6 February 1857 (per Walter Hood, from London)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1899, aged 77 ("a colonist over 40 years") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 4

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London, - at D. Buist's, Bridge-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 8

[Advertisement]: "LA HOGUE POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1857), 2

LA HOGUE POLKA, composed by A. BROWN, dedicated to Captain Neatby and Officers of the ship, to be published on SATURDAY next Price 2s 6d. W. J. JOHNSON and CO, 57, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1857), 10

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1858), 1

VIOLINS. W. J. BROWN, Jun., violin maker and musical instrument repairer, No. 149, Pitt-street North, late of Bishopagate, London.

[4 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1858), 10 

W. J. BROWN, Musical Instrument Manufacturer and Repairer, 149. Pitt-street North.

VIOLINS, VIOLINS, from 15s. to £50, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149. Pitt-st North. Flutinas repaired.

MUSIC. MUSIC - Quadrilles, Songs, &c, at half-price, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North.

CORNOPEAN CLASS in formation, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North. Terms, 30s. per quarter, in advance.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1859), 7

SURRENDER. Walter James Brown, of Park-street, Sydney, musical instrument maker. Liabilities, £53 5s 3d.; assets - value of personal property, £7. Deficit £46 5s. Mr. Perry, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1876), 12

W. J. BROWN, From Brown and Son, London, VIOLIN MAKER and REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street east, Melbourne. N.B.-All kinds of musical instruments repaired. For antecedents of Brown and Son, London, see Sandy's and Forster's, "History of Violin.

"VICTORIA. XI. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (23 December 1880), 58s

. . . J. Brown, of 57 Lygon street, exhibits a case of his "Carltonia" violins. It is doubtful if this early naming of violins is the surest way to make a fame for them. It is the verdict of posterity which stamps upon any particular kind an unquestionable value. Mr. Brown's exhibits consist of three violins, with the date of manufacture attached to each. They are of good form, but being under lock and key the "varnishing" and other points in connexion with the make are not open to minute description. The next case is very interesting, and in some sense illustrates what we have just said about the verdict of posterity. It is the exhibit of W. J. Brown, dealer and repairer, 50 Little Collins-street east, and it contains violins as follows namely, Gaspard di Salo, A.D. 1597; Paolo Maggini, A.D. 1600; another by the same maker, A.D. 1624; Nicholas Amati, A.D. 1671; Ruggierius, A.D. 1680; Joseph Guarnerius, A.D. 1699; and Guadagnini, A.D. 1724; and there is also in the same case a little "Kit".


[Advertisement], Jewish Herald (1 July 1881), 5 

Awarded first Order of Merit. W. J. BROWN, (From Brown and Son, London), VIOLIN MAKER & REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street East, Melbourne. Violin bows haired and repaired. Country favours promptly executed. All kinds of Musical Instruments Repaired.

[Advertisement], The Age (6 July 1889), 12 

VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, first prize medalist for skilful Repairing, 227 Little Collins-street cast. VIOLIN, where shall I take it to be repaired! To Brown, 227 Little Collins-street east. VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, maker and repairer, established, London 1770, Melbourne 1872. 227 Little Collins-street.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 June 1899), 5

BROWN. - On the 16th June, Walter James Brown (after a short illness), Alma-road, St. Kilda, aged 77. A colonist over 40 years. English papers please copy.

Bibliography and resources:

William Sandys and Simon Andrew Forster, The history of the violin and other instruments played on with the bow . . . (London: William Reeves, 1864), 354-55

Associated with the name of Kennedy, as fiddle-makers, are James Brown, the elder and younger, both of whom, in early life, were silk-weavers, particularly the father, and lived in the locality of Shoreditch. About 1804 an intimacy arose with the Kennedy family, whereby James Brown the elder acquired some knowledge of fiddle-making; and, being made more perfect in the use of the tools by Thomas Kennedy, he at length became a repairer and maker of instruments for future support. About 1830 he slipped down the stairs of his dwelling-house, in Wheeler Street, Spitalfields, and broke one of the ankles; the fracture being most severe, the relatives were advised to take him to the hospital. Within a week of the accident, mortification set in, and he died at the age of seventy-five years, in September 1830 or 1834; the son does not remember the date accurately, but he thinks the former year; and he says they (father and son) resided in Wheeler Street for forty-six years, but not always in the same house. James Brown, the younger, was born November 1786, and learned to make fiddles of his father; but, to assist in other branches of the trade, he was mostly employed in making the various bows for the instruments. Since the death of his father, the greater attention has been given to the manufacture of violins, violoncellos, and double basses. This person died in 1860 at his residence in White Lion Street, Norton Folgate, in his seventy-fourth year. The father and son were good average workmen, but no marked style of finish. A son of this last person learned to make instruments of his father; but, when about twenty years of age, he quitted the business to play the contra-basso at theatres; and it is believed he now has some professional engagement in Australia, as success did not attend his exertions at "the Diggins."

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 243 

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 247 

BROWN, Frances Helen (Mrs. BROWN) = Frances Helen HADSLEY

Musician, music teacher, teacher

Active Windsor, NSW, 1842-43


Pianist, musician

Born ? Alsace
Died Araluen, NSW, 25 April 1864


"FATAL ACCIDENT AT ARALUEN", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (30 April 1864), 4 

Intelligence has reached town to the effect that Mr. F. Brown, pianist, who has for some years been a resident of the district, and spent a considerable portion of that time at Little River, died on Monday from the effects of a fall from a horse on Sunday last. Deceased will best be remembered in his public capacity as having travelled with Messrs. Oakey and Foans in their rounds of entertainments at Gininderra, Queanbeyan, Cooma, Gundaroo, Goulburn, and other places in the southern districts, and if we remember rightly, he was a native of Alsace. He has latterly been residing at Mr. W. H. Johnston's, Araluen, and was to have formed one of the corps musicale at the Odd-fellows' dinner and ball at the Doncaster to-morrow evening. The particulars of the accident are as follows: -

It appears that the deceased was about to proceed to Braidwood on horseback to procure the services of an accoucher for a female expected to be confined, and had just mounted for that purpose when the animal gave a buck and threw Mr. Brown, who was rather a heavy man, violently upon the ground on his right shoulder, his head coming into contact with the ground. He was for some time insensible, but was taken into the house and recovered, and on being asked by Mr. Johnston if he was seriously hurt, answered, "O no! I shall be right directly." Mr. Martin, the violinist, mounted the same horse and performed the errand, never doubting but he should find his friend all right when he returned. The injuries received, however, proved of a fatal nature. The deceased lived until Monday morning when all was over. Mr. Commissioner Griffin, accompanied by Mr. Clemenger, proceeded to Araluen yesterday to prosecute a magisterial enquiry. - Braidwood Dispatch.

BROWN, Mr. J. (James BROWNE)

Violinist, vocalist, composer

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1850-57


[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

Polka - Composed by J. Brown.

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

A miscellaneous concert, composed of sentimental and [REDACTED] songs, took place at Mr. Minehan's music room, on Monday, night week. Several of the sentimental songs were very creditably gone through, and the solos on the violin, by Mr. Brown, were exquisitely performed . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (28 November 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. James Browne upon the violin, aided by a French gentleman as second, performed several pieces in good taste, and Mr. Colquhoun's flute trilled forth its dulcet notes in several solos to the great delight of the audience, and was deservedly encored . . .


Double-bass player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859-66


Brown played double-bass in Lavenu's orchestra for the Sydney University Musical Festival in 1859, and in George Loder and Charles Eigenschenck's orchestra for Lyster's Opera at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, in 1865.


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

. . . CONTBABASSI. Mr. Chapman, from Melbourne; Mr. J. Brown; Mr. A. H. Chato; And a gentleman amateur, member of the Philharmonic Society . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (17 April 1865), 1

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (16 April 1866), 16 

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .

BROWN, Jim (Jim BROWN; "Jem BROWN"; alias of George KING)

Musician, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1843


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1845), 3

"ASSAULT IN THE CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1848), 3

"POLICE OFFICE SKETCHES . . . BRACE-IN THE DRUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 November 1848), 2 

"STEALING IN A DWELLING", The Maitland Mercury (26 September 1849), 3

"NEW YEAR'S DAY RIOTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1850), 2

A coloured man, well known in the city under the name of Jim Brown, following ostensibly the profession of musician at various low public-houses in the city, was yesterday committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, for acting as a leader in the riotous mobs which disturbed the peace of the city on New Year's night - Herald, Jan. 30.

"KNOCKING AT THE DOOR", Bell's Life In Sydney (2 February 1850), 1s

"TURTLE, TORTISE, OR TURPIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 2


Minstrel serenader

Born Buffalo, NY, USA, 2 January 1830
Active Australia, 1863
Died Glasgow, Scotland, 25 October 1883


"DEATHS IN THE PROFESSION", New York Clipper (15 December 1883), 8 


Marine, drummer

Active Sullivan Bay, Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803
Active Derwent, VDL (TAS), 1804-05


HRA 3/1, 107, 343



Active Beechworth, VIC, 1861


"BEECHWORTH POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 December 1861), 3

A musical barber. - John Brown of Ford street, summoned Montague Murray for the sum of £1, for services rendered as a musician at the Star Theatre on Saturday last. Complainant said the music put before him was wrongly written, and he could not play it. Had not been invited to "dry up," or "lie down." Had not played an Irish jig to the audience, and set them all dancing. Had not been told by the defendant that he (complainant) had injured defendant's reputation very much.

BROWN, John (? pseud.)

Songwriter, poet

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1862


"SQUATTER'S SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (26 July 1862), 3

BROWN, Mr. T. F.

Precentor, conductor of psalmody

Active Mortlake, VIC, 1859

Bibliography and resources:

J. E. Murdoch, Fifty Years of Presbyterianism in Mortlake, 1847-1897 (Mortlake: Printed at the Dispatch Office, 1917)

PRECENTORS. 1859, Mr. T. F. Brown; 1866, Mr. H. C. Johnstone, at a salary of £10 a year; 1869, Mr. J. G. Flanders; 1875, Mr. Maynard, at £4. 4s. a quarter (for two quarters). . .

BROWN, Thomas

Musicseller, bookseller, stationer

Active Geelong, VIC, 1854


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (2 February 1854), 8 

BROWN, William

Itinerant musician

Died Binnalong, NSW, July 1858


"BINNALONG", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (24 July 1858), 3 

An itinerating pedlar and musician, named Wm. Brown, has died recently, from disease of the heart, after returning home from a wedding.

BROWN, Walter James see above Walter James BROWN

BROWNE, Francis Edward Douglas

? Music copyist, surveyor, penman, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1825 (convict per Medway, from the Downs, 22 August 1825)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 34


Browne advertised that either he or his staff would copy music.


[Advertisement], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (18 February 1834), 1 

. . . Music copied with neatness and accuracy.

BROWNE, Thomas

Music printer and publisher

Born London, 10 March 1816
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), c.1835-44, Hobart from 1844
Died Hobart, TAS, 23 December 1870, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also entry in sheet music checklist: 


In October 1845 the Hobart Courier noted that Browne, a general printer, had already "published one or two pieces of approved music", neither of which have been identified. He went on to issue Joseph Reichenberg's Ancient Hebrew melodies in 1847; Francis Hartwell Henslowe's four Songs of Zion, Where is thy home and The Campbell-Town waltzes in 1849, and Julius Imberg's lost Tasmanian quadrilles in 1851.


"TASMANIAN PUBLICATIONS", The Courier (4 October 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (25 January 1851), 6

"MR. IMBERG'S QUADRILLES", Colonial Times (28 January 1851), 2

"DEATH", The Mercury (24 December 1870), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Thomas Browne" (1816-1870)", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Piano maker and repairer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 January 1853), 8

IMPORTANT TO PIANO-FORTE PLAYERS. MR. BROWNLOW, Piano Forte Maker and Restorer, from London, has just arrived in this Colony, for the purpose of restoring the tone, touch, and worn action of Instruments . . .

BRUCE, Donald


? Active Sydney, NSW, 1835 (but perhaps semi-fictitious)


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1835), 2

Donald Bruce, a dapper little fellow, from the land o' cakes, who occasionally amused His Majesty's subjects with a tune on the bagpipes, was brought forward on a charge of indulging rather freely in sundry potations of the real ferintosh, which Donald was determined should not be a secret in that part,- at least, of the King's dominions, called Kent-street, as he bawled out with stentorian lungs,

I've been drinking, I've been drinking
Real stingo, all day long,
And I'm coming, and I'm coming,
So now my boys let's have a song.

Donald was screwing up his pipes, and had just commenced an harmonious strain, addressing a maiden who had put her head out of the window to ascertain what was the matter, "saft, saft, is the twink o' thine ee lassee," when a watchman who had been disturbed from a nap by Donald's unseasonable melody, rudely seized him by the nape of the neck and gave him a shake, saying "this hour and a half I've been waiting for you, so lave off your blarney and hurry along, your music put up, and be aizy my honey, for to-morrow the Colonel" shall sing you a "song," and without farther ceremony dragged him into an unoccupied nook of No. 5, watch house. Donald being asked if he was drunk, scratched his head for a few seconds, and casting an enquiring glance at the Bench, says he "my lads" but recollecting that he was not now in the tap-room of the "Cat and Fiddle," your Worships I mean, I want a little information on that important subject; how many half pints may a man venture to take before he may be honestly called drunk, for I had only four all the evening? then half shutting one eye and cocking his ear for the answer. We find you drunk on your own confession, said their Worships, and fine you 5s. to be appropriated to the use of the poor.

At this he looked quite funny,
Says he, my charming honey,
I've lots of songs to various tunes,
But I an't got no money.

Let Donald have a place in the stocks, says their Worships, and he was dragged along, bagpipes and all, singing as he left the office.

BRUCE, Peter (Peter BRUCE; "Captain" BRUCE)

Musician, bagpiper, Highland dancer

Born Skye, Scotland, c.1817
Active Port Macquarie, NSW, by 1843
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855
Died near Benalla, VIC, 1 September 1889, aged "about 70" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

Mr. Peter Bruce will perform a grand Invocation of Scottish National Music, on the Scotch Pipes, in full Highland costume, as played before the Duke of Buccleuch and the whole court of Queen Victoria, in Scotland.

"THE SCOTTISH GAMES AT GEELONG", The Argus (4 January 1860), 5

"THE LATE CALEDONIAN GATHERING", The Argus (7 December 1860), 5

"THE BEECHWORTH CARNIVAL RICHARDSON'S SHOW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 November 1873), 2 

. . . On Wednesday evening we dropt in again, and saw Messrs James Cunningham, James Kyle, Robert Spiers and Master Duncan dance a capital Scotch reel, to the bagpipe accompaniment of Mr. Peter Bruce; this went well with the audience . . . Peter Bruce, the piper, played, as the Scotch folk said, brawley.

"THE EASTER FESTIVAL", The North Eastern Ensign (16 April 1884), 2

[News], The North Eastern Ensign (3 September 1889), 2

Mr. Peter Bruce, better known as "Captain" Bruce, a very old resident of Benalla district, died at his residence on Sunday last, the cause of death being a general break-up of the constitution. Deceased, who was about 70 years of age, was a native of the Highlands of Scotland, and settled down here at farming pursuits many years ago. Although an old man, he was fond of Caledonian sport, and was reckoned one of the best "pipers" in the colony. He was always noted for a genial nature, for his industry and energy in his capacity of farmer, and for a most neighborly and obliging disposition. His remains will be interred in the local cemetery to-day.

"A PIONEER FARMER", The Australasian (25 December 1926), 11 

The death of Gustavus Robert Bruce, of Yarrawonga, on December 9, 1926, removes the last and the original free selector in the parish of Yarrawonga . . . His father, Peter Bruce, was born in the Isle of Skye, Scotland, and decided when 18 or 19 years of age to go to Australia, and sailed from Glasgow in 1826 for Sydney. He was then considered one of the best bagpipe players in Scotland, and received a great send-off from the Highlanders in Glasgow. Upon landing in Sydney he took service under Captain Innis, of the Imperial forces. His fame as a piper brought him in contact with all the distinguished Scotsmen of Sydney and he played at every gathering of note in that city. While in the service of Captain Innis, Peter Bruce married Christina Sanderson, and settled down to farming at Parramatta, where Robert was born. When gold was discovered in Victoria Peter Bruce, with his wife and young family and worldly possessions packed on two drays, each drawn by six bullocks, started off on the long bush journey. Bob, his eldest son, was not quite 11 years of age, but he drove one of those teams all the way to the Ovens diggings at Beechworth. Many hardships were encountered on the long journey; there were no roads or bridges, and provisions were difficult to obtain. They struck Gundagai just as the great flood was going down. Bob Bruce informed the writer that cattle and horses were up in the tops of trees at incredible heights. When he reached Beechworth Bob commenced prospecting on his own, and had some luck. His parents lived there for some years, and then left for Benalla to begin farming . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Mundy 1852a, volume 2, 17, 23, 44-45 

[Port Macquarie, March 1847] . . . here were dinner parties and dancing every evening, the chief music being furnished by a Highland bagpiper in full costume. In short, at this secluded bush-residence there was every luxury that could be found in the distant capital, except the polka! and that one of our party imported and imparted, to the immeasurable delight of a numerous bevy of pretty girls, the daughters and friends of the house.

[23] . . . His [Major Innes's] overseer, the piper Bruce - of whom I have made honourable mention as incorporating within his own person and pipes the dancing orchestra of Lake Innes Cottage - resides at the inn, and makes what custom he can from the rare travellers on the road.

[44] . . . The travellers, however, reached at sunset the hospitable roof of Lake Innes Cottage, where we recruited ourselves until the 22d. Bruce's bagpipes were in good wind and condition; the same may be said of the eight or nine young ladies in the house, who took [45] care that the Sydney gentlemen should not forget how to dance for want of practice . . .

Boswell 1911, 56 

Boswell 1911, 61 

Thursday, 22nd June [1843] . . . Bruce played some pibrochs early for Mr. Macleay's benefit. I had no idea the bagpipes could sound so beautiful, though I liked them at all times the sound is so different in the open air when the piper is walking up and down.

Boswell 1911, 67 

. . . in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all.

Boswell 1911, 128 

John MacFadyen, "Piping in Skye", in The Skye: one hundred years 1865-1965 (Glasgow: J. MacGowan/McMillan, Graham and Pickering, [1965])

The only natives of Skye Alexander [Bruce] was on record as having been taught by the MacCrimmons were Alexander Bruce 1771-1840 and his brother John Bruce 1775-1847. Alexander was piper first to Capt. MacLeod of Gesto and afterwards to Mr. Bruce of Glenelg. Alexander Campbell, the Diarist, describes him in 1815 as a favourite pupil of Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. He had three songs, John, Peter, and Malcolm, Malcolm was piper at Moy for a time while John and Peter went to Australia where they taught the Canntaireachd to the eccentric Simon Fraser.

Mackenzie 2009, 155, 156, 162

[156] [Simon Fraser] himself did not play the pipes seriously until he was 40 [1884-5]. He said he was then the only pupil of Peter Bruce, son of the great piper Alexander Bruce, who had been taught by both Gesto and Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. Peter left his pipes to Simon in his will, an indication of a close teacher-pupil bond.

Bibliography and resources:,_Port_Macquarie,_New_South_Wales 

[accessed 9 July 2015] Annabella often referred to Bruce the piper who entertained the residents of the house . . . [this] was Peter Bruce who came as a free settler from Scotland in about 1840. He was part of a family whose members were renowned for their ability to play the bagpipes and are mentioned in the texts on the history of piping. His father was Alexander Bruce (1771-1840) of Glenelg, Scotland who had been taught by the famous MacCrimmon pipers and his uncle John Bruce (1775-1847) was the piper to Sir Walter Scott. It is also mentioned in the texts that two of Alexander's sons Peter and John, who also played the bagpipes very well, immigrated to Australia. Although Peter played the pipes to entertain the guests he was also employed as a servant. Annabella mentions that he assists the butler serve at the table when required. However his main occupation seems to be a farmer as she says that "in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all." At the time that Annabella wrote her diary in 1844 Peter Bruce was about to marry, Helen, her cousins maid. She mentions that the wedding of Bruce and Helen was held in the drawing-room. The bride was Helen Sanderson, a Scottish girl, who immigrated to Australia in about 1838. She was on board the same ship that Annabella's maid Christina Ross had taken to come to Australia. The couple had several children while they lived at Lake Innes and in the early 1850s they moved to the goldfields at Bathurst and then to Beechworth. Eventually they came to Benalla in Victoria where Peter bought some land and became a farmer. He continued playing the bagpipes and his obituary mentions that he was known "as one of the best pipers in the colony."


Annabella Boswell (Innes)

Simon Fraser (pupil)

BRUCE, Robert ("R. B.")

Songwriter, composer, poet, pastoralist

Born England c.1835
Died North Adelaide, SA, 4 November 1908, in his 73rd year (NLA persistent identifier)


A pastoralist (at Wallelberdina and Coondambo), Bruce was a prolific poet, songwriter and novelist, active from the 1870s. Works include his story collection The dingos and other tales (Adelaide: Printed at the Advertiser and Chronicle offices, 1875) and a verse collection A voice from the Australian bush (Adelaide: Frearson and Bro., 1877)


"DEATHS", The Advertiser (5 November 1908), 8

"DEATH OF MR. ROBERT BRUCE", The Register (6 November 1908), 5

Robert Caldwell, "ROBERT BRUCE (The Poet of Coondambo)", The Advertiser (28 November 1908), 13

Musical works:

The mistletoe (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Whispering wind bring your message to me (written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

I am a zephyr free (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Let's be happy while we're young (song; words and music composed by R. Bruce; harmonized by Hans Bertram) 

BRUFORD, Eliza Harris (Elizabeth Harris; Eliza Harris FERGUSON; Mrs. Alexander BRUFORD; Mrs. BRUFORD)

Musician, music teacher, school teacher

Born Baltimore, USA, 9 November 1814; baptised St. Andrew's., Holborn, London, England, 14 March 1819, daughter of James Frederick FERGUSON (1768-1831) and Elizbeth Mary HARRIS (1792-1849)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 14 August 1834 (assisted immigrant per Strathfieldsay, from Gravesend, 1 May)
Married Alexander BRUFORD (c. 1800-1861), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 January 1842
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 21 April 1846 (per Flying Fish, from Hobart Town, 7 April)
Died Port Fairy, VIC, 27 February 1876, aged "61" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Assisted female immigrants, per Strathfieldsay, 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:420861; CSO1/1/742/16027; GO33/1/17 P906$init=GO33-1-17P0906JPG (DIGITISED)

91 / Ferguson / Miss / 20 / Governess / [disposed to] Mr. Bartley Kerry Lodge / £30 / [character] Very Good

[Advertisement], The Courier (15 December 1840), 3 

MRS. BETTS Establishment for Young Ladies. Any reference can be made (during Mrs. Bett's absence from town) to Miss Ferguson, at J. S. Butler's, Esq., Davey-street, Hobart Town. December 15.

1842, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:828642; RGD37/1/2 no 1374$init=RGD37-1-2p272 

[No.] 1374 / 8th January / Alexander Bruford / 41 / Accountant . . .
Eliza Harris Ferguson / 22 [sic] / Married at Hobart Town according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of Scotland . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 May 1843), 1 

MRS. BRUFORD begs to inform her friends and the public that, on Mondav, the 15th instant, she purposes OPENING a SCHOOL for YOUNG LADIES, in which the usual course of education will be pursued. Mrs. B. hopes, by diligent attention to her pupils, to merit that degree of approbation which, as a private instructress, she formerly enjoyed. Terms may be known on application to Mrs. Bruford, 39, Macquarie-street. May 4.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (22 April 1846), 2 

April 21 - Flying Fish schooner, J. Clinch master from Hobart Town 7th instant. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs Bruford and three children, and Mary Balfour, servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

MRS. BRUFORD, by this, informs the parents and guardians residing in and around Melbourne, that, after the vacation, she purposes opening a School for a limited number of young ladies.
Mrs. Bruford intends teaching the English Grammar, Geography, History &c., the French and Italian languages, and the Music herself; she can therefore promise, that in these branches of education, the utmost endeavours shall be used to promote the improvement of her pupils; should Drawing and Dancing be required, she will endeavour to procure the best masters.
Mrs. Bruford has at present room for only 3 or 4 boarders, but hopes soon to obtain a larger house in a more suitable situation.
A card of terms will be sent on application either by letter or otherwise.
Reference given and required. Little Lonsdale street.

"THE RISING GENERATION", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

By our advertising columns, it will be seen that Mrs. Bruford has opened a seminary for young ladies, in which the usual branches of an English education, combined with French, Italian, and music, will be imparted by Mrs. Bruford, whose diversified attainments, and highly respectable and influential connexions will doubtless obtain for her no small share of the patronage of those desirous of bestowing on their offspring that "jewel beyond all price," a good education.

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (28 December 1846), 2 

WANTED. A Young Woman, fully competent to take charge of three children. Reference required. Apply to MRS. BRUFORD, Collins-street, Eastern Hill.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (14 March 1856), 8 

MRS. BRUFORD wishes to inform the inhabitants of Castlemaine that she purposes opening a School for Young Ladies, in which they will be taught the usual branches of an English education, French, the rudiments of Latin, and Piano-forte music . . .
TERMS. English 3 guineas per quarter; French 2 " " "; Latin 2 " " "; Music 3 " " "; To be paid in advance.
Doveton Street, Castlemaine.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (6 July 1860), 4 

LADIES' SCHOOL. MRS. BRUFORD being now free from all other engagements is desirous of increasing the number of her pupils, to whose education she will devote her earnest attention.
Terms per Quarter: English, with the rudiments of Latin £3 3 0; French 2 2 0; Music 3 3 0; Dancing 1 11 6
References to the parents of pupils now attending the school.
The duties will be resumed on Monday, July 9. Hermitage Road, Newtown.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 March 1876), 1 

BRUFORD. - On the 27th ult., at Belfast, Eliza Harris Bruford, aged 61 years, daughter of the late James Frederick Ferguson (previously Jean Joseph Jaquemain, of Jaquemains, bankers, Paris), and widow of the late Alexander Bruford, of Hobart Town and Melbourne, formerly of Frome, Somerset.

Bibliography and resources:

James Frederick Ferguson, Geni 

Eliza Harris FERGUSON, RootsWeb 

Benjamin Preiss, "Archaeological dig uncovers huge pre-Gold Rush trove in Melbourne CBD", The Age (24 May 2020)

BRUNTON, Alfred (Alfred BRUNTON)

Singing instructor, schoolmaster

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1849
Died NZ, 17 May 1900


"CONGREGATIONAL PSALMODY", The Argus (21 November 1849), 2

It is proposed to form a class for instruction in singing, on the Hullah system, with a view to the improvement of congregational psalmody. The class will be conducted, under the superintendence of the clergy of St. Peter's parish, by Mr. Brunton, of the Church of England School, Collingwood, and will meet every Monday and Friday evening, at the Protestant Hall.



A course of lectures on music, given gratuitously in this church by Mr. Brunton, of Collingwood, concluded on Thursday evening . . . The instruction given has been of the most practical character, elucidating the beauties of the plain chaunt, which is so well adapted for the services of the Church of England.

"AN EXPLANATION. To the Editor", The Argus (16 July 1856), 6

"JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PROGRESS", The illustrated journal of Australasia 1 (1856), 139 (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. Brunton, who has already manifested his skill as a teacher of singing, has opened a class for the practice of Psalmody. The meetings are held in Chalmers' Church. The tunes selected for use are printed in the form of a neat book by Mr. W. H. Williams, and are deserving of mention, as the use of music type is almost new here . . .

"SERVICE OF SONG" [from Journal of Australasia, December 1856], Launceston Examiner (10 January 1857), 3

. . . During the last few weeks, a class numbering nearly three hundred persons has met in Chalmers' Church for the practice of psalmody . . . The conductor of these classes is a Mr. Brunton, whose skill as a teacher had been before commented in this Journal, and in other  publications. The present course consists of six lectures, and is preliminary to more extensive classes which the lecturer proposes to open in Melbourne and Collingwood . . .

"ST. MARK'S SCHOOL COLLINGWOOD", The Argus (2 October 1858), 5

? "A BANKRUPT CLERGYMAN AND HIS CREDITORS", Bendigo Advertiser (16 November 1888), 3

? "NEW ZEALAND NEWS", The Queenslander (1 December 1888), 1012

"DEATH OF AN EVANGELIST", Wanganui Chronicle (18 May 1900), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward A. Petherick, "Early Collingwood: recollections of the 'fifties and 'sixties of last century", The Victorian Historical Magazine 1/1 (January 1911), 5-18

. . . In the middle of the 'fifties there were a few private schools and three or four good public schools in Collingwood [including] Mr. Brunton's at St. Mark's . . . Mr. Brunton's was considered the best, but being a dissenter he had soon to remove his "Eton" public school from St. Mark's to the United Free Methodist Chapel in George-street; and Mrs. Snow, wife of Alfred Snow, architect of Oxford-street Church, followed with her public school for girls to the school-room adjoining. Both schools had the same singing and drawing masters and received the most efficient teaching then in vogue in any Denomination. Mr. Brunton was a kind and considerate, though very strict master; a counsellor on whose judgment his elder pupils could rely with confidence; a master always associating with them as a friend and companion . . . A large number of surviving pupils now scattered over the Commonwealth and New Zealand, still revere the memory of their old Master, Alfred Brunton.


Edward Augustus Petherick (pupil late 1850s)

BRUNTON, Thomas (Thomas BRUNTON)

Professor of dancing

Born ? London, England, c. 1790
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by April 1828
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1830, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Perhaps a son or other relative of the English theatrical entrepreneur John Brunton (1775-1849), Thomas Brunton, lately "Ballet Master at the King's theatre, London", also "late Ballet master of the Surrey Theatre", was recently arrived and teaching dancing in Sydney in April 1828. According to the Monitor, in May he had been engaged to be "ballad [sic] master" at Levi's new Sydney Amateur Theatre. He advertised regularly in the press through 1829. However, he died on 28 February 1830 after being thrown by his horse.

His inquest heard that:

Mr. Brunton was a man of cheerful, social habits, and just 40 years of age. He married, only three or four months ago, the young widow of the late Mr. William Underwood, whose death, in several particulars, resembled that of the unfortunate Mr. B.

As a result for Brunton's death, a Mrs. Raine advertised that she would be opening a dancing school. Brunton's wife, Mary, died 2 years later.


[News], The Monitor (19 April 1828), 7

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 May 1828), 1

[News], The Monitor (21 May 1828), 5

[News], The Horbart Town Courier (28 June 1828), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (3 November 1828), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Asiatic Journal (August 1830), 226

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. BRUNTON", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 March 1830), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 April 1830), 1

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (24 May 1832), 4


Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, theatrical manager

Born England, ?
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, until March 1861
Died New York, USA, 24 November 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

DISAMBIGUATION: James Bruton (1815-1867; English comic vocalist, songwriter, comedian)

BRUTONE, Julia (? Miss COURT; Miss Julia CLIFFORD; Miss Julia CLISSOLD)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1854), 4 

. . . New comic song by Mr. Bruton . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (29 August 1857), 3 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Sole Lessees - Messrs. Jones and Bruton; Stage Manager, Mr. B. Jones; Treasurer, Mr. H. Field; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. I. Davis . . . Local Comic Song - THE BATHURST RAILWAY - Mr. Bruton . . .

"THEATRICALS", Colonist [Nelson, NZ] (16 March 1858), 2 

The clipper schooner Ariel, Captain Eves, has arrived with a theatrical company from Sydney, who will shortly appear in Nelson. Report speaks highly of their ability, and our good townsfolk may anticipate a Thespian treat of no mean order. The company, among others, consists of Miss Julia Clifford, late leading actress of the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney; Mr. Bruton, the celebrated comedian and comic singer, and long a great favorite in Sydney; and Mr. P. Davize, the well known delineator of "eccentric comedy."

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS. THEATRE ROYAL", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (11 July 1859), 3 

. . . The Farce of "Wilful Murder" which followed served to develop the comic powers of Mr. J. W. Bruton, a rising actor, who is more really funny than most others of his class, because he does not strive to go beyond the scope of his part . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (27 March 1861), 3 

"NEW ROYALTY THEATRE", Morning Post [London, England] (24 January 1862), 5

. . . Of the low comedians, by far the best is Mr. J. W. Brutone, late of the Lyceum, an artist whose humour is affluent and versatile, and who excels in burlesque . . .

"DUNDEE. ALHAMBRA MUSIC HALL", The Era [London, England] (20 May 1866), 13

. . . The other members of the present company include Mr. J. W. Brutone and Miss Clissold (duettists) . . .

"OBITUARY. J. W. BRUTONE, COMEDIAN", The New York Herald (25 November 1876), 10 

Mr. J. W. Brutone, the popular comedian, died at his residence, No. 148 West Twenty-fifth street, on Friday morning, after a short illness. Brutone's family name was Barrett. He was the son of Aaron Barrett, architect, of Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. He was not intended by education for the stage, but early developed a desire for histrionic fame. In 1852, his health being indifferent, he went to Sydney, Australia, where, shortly after his arrival, he made his debut. At the theatre he met Miss Court [Julia Clifford/Clissold], also a debutante, and shortly thereafter their fame and fortunes were merged in marriage. In 1861 Mr. Brutone and his wife, having visited all the cities of Australia, went to England, where they remained in professional occupation until 1867, when they came to America. From this time forth until his death Mr. Brutone played at different theatres in New York, winning for himself golden opinions and establishing his claims to popular recognition. Mrs. Brutone, nee Court, was of the family famous as hereditary proprietors of the Shakespeare property in Stratford-upon-Avon, and had been on the stage but three mouths when she married the deceased.

[Recollections], The theatre [London, England] (1890), 366

. . . Agnes Booth said: "In Australia I danced in all the operas with Mme. . . . There was an amateur company among the officers, and they were to play the "Lady of Lyons." Mrs. Brutone, who was then Miss Julia Clifford, was to play Pauline and I was to dance the Highland fling . . .

"THE MUSIC BOX, By JAMES M. GLOVER", The Stage [London, England] (6 December 1923), 17

. . . And here is Fanny Moody telling us not only of her singing masters, but of dear old Mrs. Brutone, the American actress, from whom she had her "declamation lessons." In the seventies and eighties we took her art seriously. When I produced Jack in the Box at the Union Square, New York, in 1885, I cast Mrs. Brutone for the show man's wife, Mrs. Merryweather. She shortly afterwards returned to this country and stopped with the Howsons, and gave lessons such as those of which Miss. Manners is so justly proud . . .

BRYAN, Jane Elizabeth (Jane Elizabeth BRYAN; Miss BRYAN; Mrs. Alfred MONK)

Vocalist (pupil of Cesare Cutolo)

Born c. 1841
Active Adelaide, SA, 1859-60
Married Alfred MONK, Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 15 November 1910, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

. . . The piece which followed was a trio - "Desolate is the dwelling of Norma"- by Miss Rowe, Mr. Daniel, and Miss Bryan; the latter an amateur vocalist, and this her first appearance in public. The performance of this piece was loudly encored. Miss Bryan displayed some excellent and accurate tones of voice, as well as a degree of animation which indicated proficiency in her part and taste in its delivery. A solo on the harp by Miss Horn, selected from Meyerbeer, followed. Miss Bryan then sung "Bright things can never die." Throughout both of these songs she developed tones of voice and an animation in her delivery which took the spectators quite by surprise. She was interrupted several times by the applause of the audience, and was enthusiastically called upon for an encore, when she substituted "I do not ask," which was rendered in an unexceptionable manner and with great feeling. We venture to state that for volume of tone and expression in delivery this young lady has not her equal in the colony.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1859), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (30 November 1859), 3

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 December 1859), 3

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", The South Australian Advertiser (31 May 1860), 3

"WHITE'S ROOMS", South Australian Register (22 December 1860), 3

"TIVOLI REMINISCENCES", Observer (15 January 1916), 33 

. . . Miss Tozer, afterwards Mrs. Perryman, Miss Chalker, Miss Rowe, and Miss Bryan (afterwards Mrs. Monk) were among those who appeared . . .

BRYAN, Thomas


Arrived Fremantle, WA, 1863
Died Launceston, TAS, 16 February 1896, aged 76

BRYAN, Thomas


Active Perth, WA
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 May 1901, aged 49


"AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Inquirer & Commercial News (5 September 1866), 2

"PERTH BAND", The Inquirer & Commercial News (10 October 1866), 3

[News], The Perth Gazette (8 January 1869), 2

"OBITUARY", Launceston Examiner (17 February 1896), 4

"BANDMASTER BRYAN. DEATH FROM HEART DISEASE", West Australian Sunday Times (12 May 1901), 1

"DEATHS", The West Australian (5 June 1901), 4

BRYANT, Master

Boy vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864-65


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1865), 8

BRYANT BROTHERS (2 of the 3 famous minstrel performers from USA)
BRYANT, Jerry (Jeremiah O'BRIEN; alias Jerry BRYANT)

Musician, minstrel serenader, banjo player

Born Chesterfield, NY, USA, 11 June 1828; son of Timothy O'BRIEN and Margaret DUGGAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 5 April 1856 (per What Cheer, for California)
Died New York City, USA, 8 April 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRYANT, Neil (Cornelius O'BRIEN; alias Neil BRYANT)

Musician, minstrel serenader, flutina player

Born Keesville, NY, USA, c. 1831; son of Timothy O'BRIEN and Margaret DUGGAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed ? Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1856 (per Swiss Boy, for San Francisco)
Died Brooklyn, NY, 6 March 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Webster O'Brien ("Dan Bryant", brother, 1833-1875)


[Advertisement], New York Daily Herald (12 August 1845), 3

MR. McCARTY has, at great expense, engaged . . .
MR. D. GARDNER . . . BILLY WHITLOCK, the great Locomotive [REDACTED] and accomplished Banjo Player . . .
OLD DAN EMMET, the celebrated Violinist and old Virginny [REDACTED] . . .
CHARLES WHITE, the unrivalled Accordionist and celebrated Negro performer.
MASTER JERRY BRYANT on the Castinetts and wonderful Negro Dancer . . .

USA census, 1850, Ward 11, no. 3260, New York, NY; United States Federal Census (PAYWALL)

Timothy O'Brien / 60 / Laborer / [born] Ireland // Marg't / 55 / - [born] Ireland
Patr'k / 26 / [born] NY // Wm / 33 / [born NY] // Jeremiah / 22 / [born NY] // Cornelius / 19 / Ship Wright / [born] NY

[News], The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (9 July 1893), 18

Few cities of the country of its size have furnished the theatrical profession with more able members than Washington, and many a well known actor who is credited to other places considers this town his home, and they make a point of returning here every summer to spend their vacation. At the National theater one evening this week I counted thirteen theatrical people in the audience. Among the number were Miss Annie Lewis, the soubrette of the Texas Steer company, and Neil Bryant, the famous minstrel of forty years ago, the brother of Jerry and Dan Bryant, who made New York laugh when they ran their show at their famous opera house, 472 Broadway, and afterward in the Tammany hall building where Tony Pastor now is. Neil is living quietly in Washington and is an employe of the United States coast survey. He is a constituent of Congressman Tim Campbell and hails from what used to be the old Eighth congressional district of New York. In talking with me over old times, when the Bowery, although not famous in song, was more of a street than it is to-day, Neil Bryant said: "My brothers and I were all born m the state of New York. Dan claiming Troy as his native place and Jerry and I Keysville. Jerry and I started in the minstrel business about the year 1843. We played all over the country until 1852, when we went to Australia, I going with one company and Jerry with another. Later on I joined his aggregation as leader of the orchestra. We were in Australia altogether four years, and although it was not then the good paying place it is now, we made a pile of money there. We opened in New York on the 23d of February, 1857, at Mechanics' hall, and stayed there for seven years and every body knows how successful we were. We had every actor of any account on the stage in our minstrel company, including Dave Wambold and Sher Campbell, the great baritone. Business was so good in New York that it almost ran itself. There has been some talk of late concerning the authorship of "Dixie." I can settle that dispute right here tor you. Don Emmett wrote "Dixie" in 1859 and sang it for the first time in our place with tremendous success. Enmett is still well and living in Chicago at present. The thing, that made the greatest hit with us, however, was Dan's "Essence of Old Virginia," which was a song and jig dance. Dan also brought out "Shoo Fly" and kept it on for over a year, and the way the thing did pull up business was a caution. The crowds at night in front or our theater were so large that tickets were sold on the sidewalk for $2.50 and $3 each . . . My brother Jerry died in 1861 and Dan in 1875, both in the month of April. Dan left five children in New York, one of whom, a daughter, is now with Augustin Daly's company . . .

"MINSTREL NEIL BRYANT DEAD", The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (6 March 1902), 1

Old Time Performer Passes Away in St. Mary's Hospital After a Long Illness. Neil Bryant, last of the old time black face minstrels, died this morning. His death makes the third of three famous minstrels who have passed away within three weeks. Neil Bryant was 72 years old and was the oldest of the jolly entertainers who inaugu rated black face minstrelsy. With his two brothers, Daniel and Jerry, he traveled all over the world. The trio became famous as the three Bryants. For ten years, from 1857 to 1867, they owned a theater on Broadway that was the center of fun in those olden days. The house was always crowded, even during the troublous times of war. In 1883 Mr. Bryant retired from the stage and took a government position, which he held up to nearly two years ago, when his health gave away. He suffered with a variety of ailments, which, with his advanced age, made his recovery impossible. He went to St. Mary's Hospital, in Brooklyn, in April, 1901, and has been there ever since. He could not lie down during the last few weeks of his life, but had to remain propped up in a chair day and night. His heart was so affected that to lie down endangered his life. This morning he grew suddenly worse and died at 9 o'clock. Since he learned of the death of "Billy" West and "Billy" Rice, he has been heartbroken. He talked frequently about those old time minstrels, who, with him, used to make laughter for the people of a generation ago. Cornelius O'Brien was Mr. Bryant's real name.

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 58-59, 106 

Jerry Bryant (O'Brien) was the oldest of the famous Bryant Brothers; he was an excellent comedian, and was especially good on the "bone end" of the minstrel first part. He made his initial appearance as a ballad singer in 1842. Billy Whitlock, the "father of minstrelsy," first brought him before the public. In 1844 he became a member of the Ethiopian Serenaders, subsequently appearing with the Operatic Brothers and Sisters. In June, 1847, he formed one of the original Campbell's Minstrels, organized in New York City. The following year he played in London, England, with Major Dumbleton's Ethiopian Serenaders. In 1849 he returned to America and made a tour of the country, and on April 8, 1850, he opened with Earl Pierce's Minstrels at No. 442 Broadway, New York City; subsequently he went to Boston, where he met with much success with Ordway's Aeolians. When George Christy seceded from the E. P. Christy Minstrels, in New York, October 1854, Jerry Bryant took his (Christy's) place, and remained with the company until it disbanded, on July 15, 1854; in September, the same year, he went with E. P. Christy's Minstrels to California, and continued until the final dissolution of that company took place, a short time after their arrival. In San Francisco he next managed the San Francisco Minstrels, in conjunction with Eph. Horn and Sher. Campbell. In 1855 they went to Australia, subsequently returning to the United States, and on Monday, February 23, 1857, in [59] conjunction with his brothers, Dan and Neil, and about ten others, the first performance of Bryant's Minstrels was given in New York City, at Mechanics' Hall, No. 472 Broadway. Mr. Bryant was married in the Spring of 1859: his widow subsequently became the wife of Thomas Donaldson, proprietor of the London Theatre, New York. Of Jerry Bryant it may be truthfully said that he was one of the most capable and popular performers that ever blacked up. His last appearance was with his own company, April 2, 1861. Jerry Bryant was born in Chesterfield, X. V., June 11, 1828; he died in New York City April 8, 1861. 

Neil Bryant (Cornelius A. O'Brien), was the youngest and the last of the three famous brothers of his name that organized Bryant's Minstrels, in 1857. Oddly enough, less is known about the early career of Neil Bryant than either of his brothers. The earliest authentic record obtainable by the author is at the American Hall, Hartford, Conn., June 25, 1851, as a member of Ordway's Aeolians, a famous Boston organization: it is highly probable that Mr. Bryant was with this company prior to the above date in the Massachusetts metropolis. He continued with Bryant's Minstrels in New York until the death of his brother Dan, April 10, 1875; subsequently he organized Bryant's Minstrels, and gave intermittent performances on the road for a period of about seven years. In 1851, the programme gave Neil Bryant as giving an accordeon solo; in later years he was almost exclusively identified with his performance on the flutina. About 1882 he secured a government position in Washington, D. C, which he retained until two years prior to his death. July 11, 1859, Mr. Bryant married Miss Gertrude E. Ransom. Neil Bryant was born in Keesville, N. Y., 1835 [sic, c. 1831]; he died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 6, 1902.

"Jerry Bryant", Find a grave 


Musical amateur, vocalist, lecturer on national music

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1850-51


"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (5 January 1850), 2

"MUSICAL LECTURE", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 January 1850), 2

. . . For nearly three hours Mr. Buchanan entertained his audience by alternately tracing from history the antiquity and power of music, and illustrating its effects upon the feelings through the means of national airs. The songs were English, Irish, and Scotch. Mr. Buchanan has a clear and pleasing voice, more particularly adapted to the plaintive old airs of Scotland and Ireland.

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Moreton Bay Courier (4 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 April 1850), 1

BUCK, Frederick (BÜCKE; Fritz BUCK)

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Germany, c. 1827/33
Arrived Australia c. early 1850s
Died Hobart, TAS, buried 29 December 1901, aged 68/74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (21 May 1866), 3

NEW MUSIC. FOR SALE AT THE GUARDIAN OFFICE . . . The Young Recruit, march . . .

Burial records (29 December 1901) for Frederick/Fritz Buck; Tasmanian Names Index 

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (30 December 1901), 2

Herr Frederick Buck died on Saturday, aged 74. Though feeble from declining years, he had, up to within a few days of his death, been able to keep about in the open air, and his end was somewhat unexpected. He was an old Tasmanian resident, having arrived here some 50 years ago, and as a talented musician he occupied a prominent and useful position in the community, and had at one time possessed a nice little property in the Glenorchy district, where he had hoped to find a permanent home. Misfortunes, however, befell him. He accepted the position of immigration agent for the Tasmanian Government, went home to his native country, and was instrumental in bringing to the colony many useful German families, who, settling down to industrial pursuits, have become prosperous members of the community. The undertaking did not bring much profit to Herr Buck, but rather involved him in trouble, the result of his too sanguine aspirations to do something that should place his name on the scroll of fame. Meanwhile, his position as one of the premier musicians of Tasmania became weakened. Younger and more pushing competitors entered the field, and, with advancing years, the once popular musician, step by step, dropped into the rear ranks, and friends became few. He was a good linguist, and accomplished in many ways outside his musical profession, and as long as he had means, was liberal handed, even beyond the limits of discretion. His name will long be honoured with that of Herr Schott. They were contemporaries in musical circles some twenty years ago, and both, in their special spheres, did much to advance musical culture in Hobart.

Musical works:

The young recruit march ("Introducing Kucken's favorite air, for the pianoforte") (Hobart: J. Walch, [by 1866]); copy at SL-TAS; Trove Bookmark


Vocalists and instrumentalists

Active Australia and New Zealand, 1830s-60s


Vocalist, comedian, actor

Born England, 17 November 1808; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, 9 July 1809, son of George BUCKINGHAM and Catherine GANNEY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid 1833
Married Ann Jane JESSOP (1819-1861), Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1834
Died Orange NSW, 25 April 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Ann Jane = Ann Jane GLOGOSKI; Mrs. Frank TOWERS)

Vocalist, ballad singer, pianist, entertainer, dancing instructor

Born Sydney, NSW, 7 October 1835, daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married (1) Samuel GLOGOWSKY [sic], Armidale, NSW, 29 January 1858
Departed Newcastle, 9 September 1862 (for Otago, New Zealand)
Married (2) Frank TOWERS (d. 1886), Sydney, NSW, 1882 ("Mrs. TOWERS" since late 1860s)
Died Whoro, India, 19 November 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, George (junior) (George Robert BUCKINGHAM

Comedian, actor, vocalist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 November 1839; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Rosetta (Rosetta BUCKINGHAM; "Mrs. W. H. HAYES")

Born Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1842; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
(?) Married (common law) William Henry HAYES, Australia/NZ, c. 1862/63
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864


Born Auckland, NZ, 10 May 1847; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1895, aged 48

BUCKINGHAM, Conrad Sydney

Born Auckland, NZ, 8 December 1849; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1906

BUCKINGHAM, Henry Douglas

Born Auckland, NZ, 24 September 1852; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 September 1915

BUCKINGHAM, Emily Esther

Born Sydney, NSW, 1857; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married Sydney LAMBERT, Dunedin, NZ, 30 January 1877
Died Parramatta, NSW, 1900

BUCKINGHAM, Arthur Stewart

Born Wollongong, NSW, 25 June 1860
Died New Lambton, NSW, 18 July 1837


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, in the year 1809; register, 1746-1812; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Buckinghgam / George [son] of George & Catherine / [born] Nov. 17 1808 / [baptised] [July] 9

[Letter] "To the editors", The Sydney Herald (18 July 1833), 2

"BIRTH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 October 1835), 3 

On Wednesday last, the 7th October, the wife of Mr. George Buckingham, the Comedian, of a daughter.

"BIRTH", Melbourne Times (13 August 1842), 3 

To-day the lady of Mr. G. Buckingham, Stephens street, of a daughter.

[Letter] "To the editors", Empire (17 September 1856), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, which will be opened under different management, and as puffing will not be resorted to, A. T. would merely mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity in endeavouring to render his saloon one of the greatest attractions in the city.
- Behold!!! All this Talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, Every Night for One Week, with other Artistes.
The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY AND TROUPE. Largest Operatic Company out of England.
Having at great expense engaged the following artistes:
- Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice;
Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso;
Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer;
Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist;
Miss Buckingham, the talented singer;
Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer;
Master G. R. Buckingham, the flute player;
Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer (called the Old Musketeer);
Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer (Paddy Malone);
Master H. Buckingham, the autical singer (Red, White, and Blue, &c.).
N.B. Artistes requiring engagements, will please apply by letter to
G. H. BUCKINGHAM, Toogood's Saloon.
WANTED, a Cornet Player.

"THE BUCKINGHAM FAMILY", Wagga Wagga Express (29 January 1859), 2

This very talented family arrived here on Saturday and played on the same night to a crowded house. at Mr. Byrnes' Hotel. Their fame came before them and therefore it was not to be wondered at, claiming as they did at a few hours notice, the numerous attendance that appeared in the saloon of the Hotel. This clearly demonstrates how the good people of' Wagga Wagga are desirous of patronising anything in the shape of genuine talent. It is needless to speak of their ability, as their claims have been acknowledged in every town and by every person who may have heard them. The public press also has been lavish in their praise. The precosity of the juvenile portion of the family are astonishing. Master Walter in particular, as the "Old Musketeer". There he may be seen with the violin, again at the flute, then at the. piano; in fact he seems au fait in whatever may come in his way. Then we have the picaninny, whose "Billy Crow" is the most comical thing our readers can imagine. "Barber Brown," "Beautiful Boy," "Paddy Malone," are all of the same class. His performance on the flute in company with his brothers is excellent. Again where shall we find a better player than the elder son George on the flute? Who can forget the exquisite tones in that beautiful melody "Home, sweet home," rendered by him, with others of a similar character. We must not forget to make particular mention of Miss Rosa Buckingham, whose performance on the piano, (which was kindly lent for the occasion by George Forsyth, Esq.), was excellent; she also sang the song of "Molly Asthore." On Wednesday evening the performance took place in the large ball room attached to Mr Fox's Squatters' Hotel, and notwithstanding the heavy rain the room was crowded . . .


"DIED", Illawarra Mercury (26 April 1861), 2 

At her residence, George street, Campbelltown on the 19th instant, Anne Jane, the beloved wife of George H. Buckingham, aged 44 years, leaving husband and nine children to mourn their loss.

"DEATH", Bells Life Sydney newspaper (3 May 1862), 3 

Died of Dysentry on 25th April at Orange Mr. G. H. Buckingham aged 66 years leaving a family of 9 children to mourn their loss.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (22 July 1862), 1331 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION.
In the Goods of George Harvey Buckingham, late of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, innkeeper, deceased.
NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honorable Court in its Ecclesiastical Juiisdiction, that Letters of Administration of the goods, chattels, credits and effects of the abovenamed deceased, may be granted to George Robert Buckingham, of Maitland, the eldest son of the said deceased. -
Dated this 21st day of July, a.d. 1862.
W. H. MULLEN, Proctor for the said Applicant, By THOMAS ICETON, his Agent.

"SHIPPING", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 September 1862), 2 

Sep. 9.- Cincinatti, barque, 413, Hyde, for Otago, with 643 tons coal. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Glogoski and two children, Mrs. and Miss Buckingham and servant, Masters Buckingham (3), and Messrs. Dalton, Ridgeway, E. Conn, and G. Buckingham, and 5 in steerage. Ward and Co., agents.


Bibliography and resources:

Peter Downes [1990], "Buckingham, George and Buckingham, Rosetta", Te Ara (Encyclopedia of New Zealand) 

George Buckingham, one of the pioneers of theatre in Auckland, came to New Zealand from Australia late in 1843 on the City of Sydney, accompanied by his wife and three children . . . there is a strong probability that he was a freed convict. His career as an actor began in Sydney in 1832. He married Anne Jessop there on 21 July 1834 . . . George Buckingham senior returned to acting in late 1855 to partner the highly esteemed actress Mrs W. H. Foley for a few months in her Auckland debut season, but after a violent disagreement over money the couple parted company. The next few years were spent touring with the family group around the inland towns of New South Wales and Victoria. In 1861 the Buckingham Family entertainers turned up in Sydney, but without either mother or father. Anne Buckingham had died in Campbelltown, New South Wales, on 20 April 1861, probably outliving her husband. How and where George Buckingham [senior] died is not known [sic] . . .


Actor, dancer, vocalist, convict, tumbler

Born England, c. 1829/30, son of Thomas BUCKINGHAM (c. 1795-1847)
? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 12 November 1848 (convict per Ratcliffe, from Spithead, 29 July 1848)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by August 1853
Died Magill, SA, 16 July 1920, in his 92nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Edward Buckingham was tried for repeat petty thefts at Hastings, Sussex, England, on 11 July 1846. Found guilty of felony, he was sentenced to 7 years transportation. On arrival in Hobart as a convict on 12 November 1848, he gave his age as 20 and his trade as "servant and tumbler". He appears to have been assigned immediately to the circus proprietor Robert Avis Radford (c.1815-1865), and was already advertised to perform at Radford's Amphitheatre on 21 November. Buckingham sentence expired in July 1853, and he was in South Australia by August, billed as "son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres" on taking his first Adelaide benefit at the Royal Victoria Theatre in September.

If the London actor Thomas Buckingham was indeed Edward's father, he did not die when Edward was still a child, but in Lambeth Workhouse on 6 September 1847. According to the report of Edward's trial in 1846, he strenuously avoided giving any identifying details or potentially mitigating references, despite these being eagerly sought by the magistrate, concerning his family and other contacts in London. It is even possible, assuming that his father was already in straightened circumstances in 1846, that Edward actively contrived to be apprehended and transported.

Buckingham of course did not come out to Hobart for Anne Remens Clarke, as he stated in 1905; rather it was Charles Young, who he performed with in 1849, who came out to Hobart for Clarke in 1843. He cannot have appeared in Melbourne or Sydney in 1852-53, or visited "the diggings" then. His anecdote about the musicians Alfred Howson and his father Francis Howson probably correctly occurred in Hobart, where in 1848 the Howsons were playing for Radford. In Adelaide, he indeed performed at the Victoria for Harriet Lambert, and during the visit there of Lola Montez.

Edward Buckingham's convict record is unusually short on later detail. He was given permission to marry Sarah Reed, and did so on 26 November 1849. His only further offence, on 13 April 1850 he was apprehended for being at the Victoria Theatre without permission. He was granted a ticket-of-leave in mid 1851.

Buckingham's theatrical career seems not to have lasted beyond 1855.


"BOROUGH QUARTER SESSIONS", Brighton Gazette [England] (16 July 1846), 7

The Midsummer Sessions for this Borough were held on Friday, in the Town Hall . . . Edward Buckingham, a young man, pleaded Guilty to stealing, on the 16th June, in the parish of All Saints, two silk pocket handkerchiefs, one cloth cap, and one pair of black cloth trowsers, the property of Benjamin Coppard Betts. He was also charged with having, on the 11th June, stolen one silk pocket handkerchief, the property of John Betts, and again pleaded Guilty. A former conviction of felony was put in against the prisoner, who admitted that be was the party named in the certificate.
Recorder - Is there any one who knows anything you. Prisoner - No. Recorder - I have just seen a letter written by you, and so much as makes in your favour I will take, but some expressions I will pass by. Is there any thing you wish to say? Prisoner - I consider that a person who is guilty of perjury is deserving punishment the person convicted of felony. There is that female . . . Recorder - We have nothing to do with that. Prisoner - That's all I wish to say. Recorder - I cannot allow you, after yonr conduct, to make any observations tending to impeach the evidence of a witness. Have you anything say to induce me to lighten the sentence? Prisoner - No, I am well deserving all. Recorder - Have you any friends here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Where are your relatives living? Prisoner - In London. Recorder - Have they any connections here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Is there any one here to whom I could refer, to justify me in departing from the heavy sentence which I must otherwise pass? Prisoner - I don't know. Recorder - Are none of your relatives here, knowing the position you are in? Prisoner - I shouldn't like them to know it.
The Recorder, in passing sentence, said the prisoner had been guilty of most ungrateful conduct in robbing those who had generously assisted him in the time of trouble. I learn from your own statement (said the Recorder) that you have articles, not included in these charges, which you are desirous of restoring to their owners. I find from a certificate of the Clerk of the Peace that you were convicted in February last, at Lewes, of stealing two waistcoats, one shirt, four neckcloths, two pairs of stockings, two aprons, and one pair of trousers. You then had a light punishment; and now it remains for me to consider what sentence I shall pass upon you to deter you from further progress in crime, and so to prevent others from following your wretched example. I have earnestly made enquiries to ascertain whether I could find any person to give me hope as to your future conduct. I cannot overlook the fact that the former conviction was for stealing wearing apparel; I therefore find repetition of a similar offence after the lapse of a short time, which shews that the punishment you received for the first offence has not had desired effect. I cannot find, in the treatment of others towards you, that you have any grounds of justification for your conduct; in fact, the circumstances under which the offences were committed are great aggravation. You have been treated with great kindness; and this is the return you make. That you have not erred from ignorance is quite clear, and I trust that the sentence I am about to pass will have the effect ultimately of making you good member of society. The sentence is that you be Transported beyond the seas for seven years; and you will be Imprisoned at the Hastings Gaol for one week for the first offence.

"EXTRACTS . . . Death of Buckingham, the Comedian", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 January 1848), 1 

On Monday afternoon, September 6, Thomas Buckingham, the well-known comedian, expired in Lambeth Workhouse, after suffering great privation and distress, owing to infirmity and long-standing disease. On Saturday fortnight he was taken to Lambeth Workhouse, where he was removed into the infirmary, and received every attention from the officials, but gradually sank and died from general debility.

UK National Archives, ADM 101/63/4/3 

Folio 11: case no 39, Edward Buckingham, aged 20, convict; taken ill at sea; sick or hurt, diarrhoea; put on sick list 26 September 1848, discharged 2 October 1848 cured.

? Convict record, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377026$init=CON33-1-91p21$init=CON18-1-50P9 

Marriage permission, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1245033 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 November 1848), 1 

RADFORD'S ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE. MURRAY-STREET. UNPARALLELED ATTRACTION!!! FIRST APPEARANCE OF Mr. BUCKINGHAM, from the Theatres Royal, London. THIS EVENING, THRUSDAY AND SATURDAY, The 21st, 234rd, and 25th instants . . . Comic Song, "The Beautiful Boy," MR. BUCKINGHAM, (His first appearance here.) . . .

"POLICE REPORT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (18 April 1850), 2 

Edward Buckingham and James Brignell, both holding tickets-of-leave, were charged by constable Barber with misconduct as prisoners of the crown in being in the Victoria Theatre at 10 o'clock on the night of Friday last, contrary to the Government regulations. Both were actors at the Theatre. Sentence - one month's imprisonment and hard labour, and then to be sent to reside in the country to cure their propensity for the "stock and buskin." As Shakespeare says in, Richard III, "so much for Buckingham."

? "Convict Department . . . TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 June 1851), 376 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 September 1853), 4 

MR. E. BUCKINGHAM, son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres, begs most respectfully to inform his friends, and patrons of the Drama, that his BENEFIT is fixed for TUESDAY, SEPT. 20, on which occasion he trusts to meet with that patronage which it has ever been his study to merit. The Performance will commence with the celebrated Nautical Dram, by E. Stirling, Esq., entitled GRACE DARLING: or, THE WRECK AT SEA. Characters by the Company.
Comic Song - Mr. Johnson, from Vauxhall.
Highland Fling - Mr. Newson.
Song - Miss La Roche.
Comic Pas Seul - E. Buckingham.
Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Master Bear.
To conclude with the Laughable Farce of HAVE YOU SEEN MY WIFE?
Characters by the whole strength of the Company . . .

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (4 November 1853), 3 

Edward Buckingham, described as a playactor, was charged with assaulting Mary Ann Fonsaker on Sunday last. The defendant, she said, beat her, bit her hand, and knocked a tooth out. In reply to Mr. Parker, she admitted that the defendant had left a gold ring in her possession; also that she had accused him of dishonest practices with his master, Mr. Radford, of the Temple Tap. A witness named Susanuah Brydon stated that she saw Buckingham throw the woman down, but he did not strike the complainant in her presence. Mr. Walker undertook to conduct the complainant's case, but the Stipendiary Magistrate intimated that the Court was of opinion he was not sufficiently instructed in the case, and declined to hear him. The Court fined the defendaut 40s. and costs.

"FROM STAGE TO SHEEP STATION. AN ACTOR TURNS SHEPHERD. AFTER FIFTY YEARS [By Bohemian]", The Register [Adelaide, SA] (2 June 1905), 6 

"This is Mr. Buckingham, Mr. Edward Buckingham," said Mr. W. R. Hunt as he introduced me to the subject of this interview. Mr. Buckingham, an old man with a kerchief tied around his neck, and with every appearance of having been some years in the back blocks, dropped his hat on the floor, a characteristic of those who live in the bush, and took a seat. Mr. Buckingham is an example of the Shakespearean expression that one man in his life plays many parts. Fifty years ago he was a smart man about town, and a good actor and dancer. To-day he is a shepherd, and at 76 years of age is "out of suits with fortune." But let him tell his own strikingly interesting story.

- Early Life. - "I am a son of Thomas Buckingham, one of the leading actors of the Surrey, Haymarket, and Olympic Theatres, London. I went on the stage when I was five years old. I was bringing my parents in three guineas a week before I was eight years old. That was £3 for them,and 3/- for myself. On my father's death I joined Frampton's pupils; we played ballets. When nine years of age, I played the Miser in "The Miser of Southward Ferry." In the afterpiece the same night I was the actor of all work. That was a pretty severe task for a child of nine years.

- To Australia. - Mrs. Clark took me from London to Hobart with Mr. Charles Young and Mrs. Thompson. We had not been at Hobart more than three months before Mrs. Clark eloped with the leader of the orchestra. Then I was thrown on my own resources. I went to Melbourne in 1852, and played at the Queen's Theatre, with Charles Young. After a visit to the diggings I proceeded to Sydney. I got an engagement under Madame Torney, at the old Victoria Theatre, Pitt street. I will never forget the ludicrous incident that happened the first night I went on. There was a young fellow named Alfred Howson, who was very fond of a practical joke. His father was leader of the orchestra, and he also played in it. Alfred had been out fishing, and he brought a fish hook to the theatre to carry out his nefarious little plan. Early in the evening he ran a piece of cotton with the hook attached from the curtain to the orchestra. When his father took his seat Alfred placed the hook in the wig which his parent wore. Then the curtain rose to plaintive music, and simultaneously the poor old man's wig went up into the air. The angry parent in his effort to reach his wig with his fiddlestick fell flop on the drum in the corner of the orchestra. There were roars of laughter from the gods, and the first scene was completely annihilated.

- In Adelaide - "Well, salaries were so small that I came to Adelaide. I was first a member of Radford's company, at the circus in Light square. Owing to the people leaving for the diggings the attendances became so small that the circus had to be closed. I next played at the old Victoria, under the management of Mrs. Harry Lambert. That was about 1854. Those were the good old days of melodrama . . .

"Obituary", West Coast Sentinel [Streaky Bay, SA] (17 July 1920), 2 

At the Old Folks' Home, Magill, last Friday morning, a very old identity of Streaky Bay passed away in the person of Mr. Edward Buckingham. The late Mr. Buckingham in his younger days followed the dramatic profession, and is reputed to have been an actor of no mean order. He came to the West Coast in the early days, and was for a great many years employed at the Flinders hotel. About four years ago, he realised that his great age prevented him from working, so decided to end his days at the Old Folks' Home. The late Mr. Buckingham was a general favorite in the district, and during the time he was in Adelaide was visited by a large number of West Coasters whom he was always pleased to see. He was a regular reader of "The Sentinel," and on more than one occasion said that its arrival cheered him up and reminded him of his old friends. The deceased was in his 92nd year.



Teachers of the Pianoforte, Italian and English Singing, Dancing

Active Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1841-42


[Advertising], The Courier (27 August 1841), 1

[Advertising], Colonial Times (16 August 1842), 1


Amateur comic vocalist

Active Geelong, VIC, by 1859


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (18 July 1859), 4 

Overture - "Italiani In Algieri" - Band. - Rossini
Song - "Kathleen Mavourneen" - Mrs. Goodliffe.
Song - "Man the Life Boat." - Mr. Meakin. - Russell
Solo - (Pianoforte) "La Cascade" - Mr. Pringle
Song - "The Three Ages of Love" - Mr. Badnall - Loder
Comic Song - Mr. J. Buckland
Song - "Only in Jest" - Mrs. Goodliffe. - Mendelssohn
Quadrille - "Court of St. James"- Band
Valse - "Martha" - Band. - D'Albert.
Song - "Happy Birds" - Mrs. Goodliffe - Paravicini
Trio (Flute, Pianoforte, and Violincello) - Messrs. Stoneham, Plumstead and Wyvill
Song - "A Life on the Ocean Wave" - Mr. Boyce
Quadrille - (Ireland) - Band
Comic Song - Mr. J. Buckland
Glee - "Hail Smiling Morn" - Messrs. Walton, Badnall and Meakin
"God Save the Queen" . . .
W. STITT JENKINS, Hon. Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Meakin (vocalist); George Robert Grant Pringle (pianist); William Stoneham (flute); Thomas Henry Walton (vocalist); William Stitt Jenkins (secretary); Geelong Recreative Society (association)

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (27 July 1882), 2 

Mr. Jeff Buckland, who for many years carried on business at Geelong as a stock and station agent, has decided to settle in Sydney. Mr. Buckland, who is an excellent amateur comic vocalist, was a great favourite with a large number of the citizens of Ballarat.


Violinist, fiddler

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854; Geelong, VIC, 1860


"WHAT IS A MUSICIAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 June 1854), 5

What is a Musician? - In answer to a question put by the Chairman of Quarter Sessions during the trial of John Beck, to a witness named Bucknell, concerning the mode in which he earned his living, witness replied that he was a musician. The Chairman, "What is commonly called a fiddler?" Witness, - "Yes Sir."  It appears Bucknell procures a livelihood by playing the violin in the tap-rooms of public-houses.


Thomas Bucknell, fiddler, charged a female named Julia Fletcher, with robbing him of 5s, by picking his pocket on Saturday night last. The musician stated that he engaged to fiddle during the whole night on Saturday night for 6s, for the amusement of a party given at Mrs. Birdwoods, near the old Telegraph office; that after performing his work to the satisfaction of all present, he was paid by the hostess the 6s for his trouble, which money he placed, in his outside coat-pocket, and took seat on a sofa alongside Miss Fletcher. The lady observing that he had had a glass or two, dived her hand into his pocket and abstracted five out of the six shillings, which she refused to return. The defence was that the money was handed to the female by Bucknell, and the story about her picking his pocket was trumped up. Case dismissed.

BUDD, Thomas (Thomas BUDD)

Musician, bandmaster (late of the 46th Regiment; Naval Brigade; St. Francis's Band; Randwick Asylum Band), saxophone player ("for the first time in this colony"), composer

Born NSW, 1817
Active Maitland, NSW, by December 1868
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 October 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 December 1868), 1 

ROYAL OLYMPIC THEATRE. BOXING NIGHT, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26th. GRAND VOCAL & INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT In aid of the WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND FUND, When, in addition to the Band being of late rendered more efficient than ever it was before since its formation . . . several of the most talented local amateurs, chiefly members of the Volunteer Corps, have kindly given their services, and Mr. T. Budd, formerly Bandmaster of the 46th Regiment, has also tendered his services, and will perform, for the first time in this colony, on the celebrated new instrument, the Saxaphone, now becoming such a favorite in the old country . . .

"SYDNEY CORRESPONDENCE", The Maitland Mercury (5 June 1869), 2

On Monday evening the Philharmonic Society gave their first grand concert for the season, in the hall of the Exchange; the programme was an attractive one, and the spacious room was filled to the doors. Mr. Budd's (for the first time in Sydney) "Sax-a-phone", was evidently appreciated by the audience, who insisted upon an encore . . .

"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1869), 9

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1872), 5

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1874), 8

"NAVAL BRIGADE FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1874), 4

[News], Illustrated Sydney News (17 October 1874), 15

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1874), 4

BUDDEE, Julius (Julius Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE; Julius BUDDEE; J. BUDDEE)

Musician, professor of Music, pianist, violinist

Born Berlin, Germany, 19 April 1823; baptised 27 April 1823, son of Christoph Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE and Ann Friedricke Henrietta ENGERS
Married Josephine Elise Henriette SCHROEDER (1823-1898), St. Jacobkircke, Berlin, 10 May 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 28 March 1849 (per Louisa, from Hamburg)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1849
Died Glebe Point, NSW, 9 September 1890, aged 67 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony and others)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (28 March 1849), 3

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 July 1849), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 7

THE news of the death of Mr. Julius Buddee will be received with sincere regret in musical circles. For many years he was esteemed in Melbourne as one of the first among teachers of the pianoforte, besides being recognised as a truly artistic performer of classical music. Failing health led him to remove to Sydney some four years ago, since which time he has held a high place among the professional musicians of this city. Growing weakness has been apparent for some time, but he was sufficiently well on Monday to continue teaching throughout the day, and the announcement of his decease at about 3 a.m. yesterday caused no less surprise than sorrow.

[News], The Argus (29 September 1890), 5

Bibliography and resources:

H. Morin Humphreys (comp.), Men of the time in Australia, Victorian series, second edition (Melbourne: McCarron, Bird & Co. 1882), [xviii]-[xix] (DIGITISED)

BUDGETT, Joseph (Joseph BUDGETT)

Musician, bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England, 26 April)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 4 February 1826 (for England)


Pay-list of the 3rd Regiment of Foot, from 25 December 1825 to 24 March 1826 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Privates . . . Budgett Jos'ph / Emb'd for Eng'd 4 Feb'y paid to 24 March & Transf'd to Reg'l Depot

Register of Chelsea pensioners, aged 40 in 1826; UK National Archives, WO 23/25 (PAYWALL)

[Regiment] 3d / [rate of pension] 1/2 / Joseph Budgett / [start pension] 1826 / [age] 40 / 1837 [age] 51 D[ied] / [service] 25 1/12 yrs / West Indes 6 10/12 yrs / [cause of debility] Worn-out

BUIST, David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner ("from John Broadwood's")

Born London, England, 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 February 1849 (per Walter Morrice, from London)
Died Stanmore, NSW, 26 October 1876, in his 71st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, William David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner

Died 14 November 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, Harry

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, George

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, Richard (? Harry)

Piano tuner


David Buist traded as "D. Buist and Sons", from 6 Bridge Street, from as early as 1852, with his eldest son William and another son Richard (? Harry) as partners.

Richard left the partnership in April 1855 and went into business by himself as a tuner; David and William continuing thereafter as "D. Buist and Son".

By October 1857 they had moved to 254 George Street, remaining there until after June 1862, relocating to 235 George Street by October 1862.

The firm was dissolved by the partners, David and his eldest son William, on 23 March 1874, after which William continued in business as "W. D. Buist".


New South Wales, List of immigrants per ship Walter Morrice, arrived 12 February 1849 (State Records NSW)

Buist, David, 42, Cabinet pianoforte maker, [native of] London; Ann, 42, wife, do.; Esther Ann, 20, Dressmaker, do.; William D., 18, Cabinet pianoforte maker, do.; Harry, 16, do., do.; George, 14, do., do.; [+ 3 more sons and 3 more daughters, aged 12 to 2]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1852), 1 

TO THE MUSICAL PUBLIC. D. BUIST AND SONS, Pianoforte Makers, Tuners, and Repairers, (sixteen years with Messrs. Broadwood and Sons,) No. 6, Bridge-street, beg to announce that they have on Sale some elegant and really superior PIANOFORTES . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1855), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1857), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1858), 1

Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED, CORNSTALK GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1859), 3

"ALARMING FIRE IN GEORGE STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1862), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1862), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1863), 5

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (3 October 1865), 3

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1866), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1874), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1876), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1888), 1

Musical publications (selected):

Good news from home ("Second Edition"; "As sung by Christie's Minstrels") (Sydney: D. Buist & Son's Pianoforte & Harmonium Warerooms, [? 1859-60]) 

Compare the almost identical first edition issued by Henry Marsh and Co. in 1859, followed by a Marsh "second edition" in November 1859)

The cornstalk galop ("Respectfully dedicated to his pupils, by Spagnoletti, R.A.") (Sydney: D. Buist and Son, [1859])

The cornstalk polka [Spagnoletti] ("as played every night at the Prince of Wales Theatre by Winterbottom's celebrated band") ([Sydney: D. Buist and Son, 1859]

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; "polka" probably a misprint for the above galop; c.f. the well-known Cornstalk polka by George Thornton)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 140-41 (DIGITISED)


Music class instructor

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1852


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (2 October 1852), 3 


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

. . . F. BULL (Pianoforte), Smith-St., Collingwood. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

BULL, James (James BULL)

Musician, bandsman, Band of the 99th Regiment

Active Hobart, TAS, and Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1853), 8 

ROWE'S AMERICAN CIRCUS. Grand Promenade Concert.
Saturday Evening, 12th November, 1853. Under the direction of Mr. Alfred Oakey.
In announcing to the inhabitants of Melbourne the first of a series of Saturday Evening Promenade Concerts, Mr. Rowe begs to state that he feels great confidence in submitting the Evening's Entertainments to his patrons . . .
The Monster Band will embrace all the available talent in Melbourne, assisted by several members of the Band of the 99th Regiment . . .
Cornet Primo and Saxe Clavicore - Mr. P. C. Burke.
Saxe Horn - Mr. Hore and Sons.
Clarionet Primo - Mr. R. Martin.
Clarionet Secondo - Mr. J. Bull.
Ophecleide - Mr. Wigney.
Trombone - Mr. Freeman . . .
Leader, Mr. Edward Tucker.
Conductor - Mr. Alfred Oakey . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (proprietor); Alfred Oakey (conductor); Edward Tucker (leader); Peter Constantine Burke (cornet); Joseph Hore and sons (musicians); Robert Martin (master, 99th band); Band of the 99th Regiment (military band); Rowe's American Circus (Melbourne venue)

BULL, Knud (Knud BULL)

Artist, painter, drawing master, brother of Ole BULL

Active Hobart Town, TAS, 1856s (NLA persistent identifier)


"FINE ARTS", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (1 July 1856), 3 

BULLARD, Thomas Samuel

Warehousman, piano importer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Glebe, NSW, 13 April 1889, in his 89th year

BULLARD, William

Music seller, book seller

Died Randwick, 1917 (son of the above)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1855), 1 

PIANO, by Broadwood, for SALE, at half-price. A bargain; do not delay. T. S. BULLARD, 58, Clarence-street, opposite Wynyard-terrace.


Musician, singing master

Active Perth, WA, 1861


"General Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (2 August 1861), 2 

"General Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (27 September 1861), 2 

On Tuesday evening last there was another Tonic Sol-Fa Concert held in the Perth Girls' School Room, at which about fifty persons were present. Mr. Bullen's pupils are steadily progressing under his system and management, and when a number of books of instruction which he expects from England arrive in the colony, they will make still more rapid progress. The Concert on Tuesday evening realised a sufficient sum to pay expences, and to leave a small balance to remit for books. Mr. Bullen deserves encouragement in his undertaking, and we trust he may continue to meet with it. Many additional pupils have recently joined his class.

BUNCE, Charlotte (Charlotte BUNCE; Mrs. James BUNCE)

Musician, professor of music, vocalist, teacher of piano and singing

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860s
Died Windsor, VIC, 9 August 1897, "a colonist of 58 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (14 August 1863), 2

. . . A new amateur presented himself [sic] last evening in the person of Mrs. James Bunce, who sang the beautiful and rather glowing song from Bishop Bid me discourse and sang it so well to be encored. Mrs. Bunce has long been known as an accomplished musician in private circles and her appearance in public last night proved that she has a faculty for pleasing a still larger circle.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (18 August 1863), 2

"CHRIST CHURCH ORGAN", The Star (15 November 1864), 2

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 44, 183

"PIANOS AND PIANISTS", The Ballarat Star (26 June 1888), 4 

. . . Mrs. Charlotte Bunce was a musician of sterling worth. Trained in the best Continental schools, it was something in those days to meet with so accomplished a woman. Adverse fortune and the loss of her husband forced her into the professional ranks, and for years she taught music and singing. Great brilliancy and a dashing style were her characteristics as a pianiste, with a truly artistic and sympathetic perception of the highest forms of music. In personal appearance she was exceedingly attractive; very tall and graceful, her every movement bespoke the true gentlewoman. She was also an accomplished linguist . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 August 1897), 1 

BUNCE. - On the 9th August, at her daughter's residence, Esca, Chomley-street, Windsor, Charlotte, relict of the late James Bunce, formerly of South Australia. A colonist of 58 years. Interred August 11.

BURBANK, Otto N. (Otto N. BURBANK; also Oscar BIRBANK)

Musician, minstrel serenader, delineator, dancer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Peoria, Illinois, USA, 13 February 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


After Australia:

[Advertisement], The Era (13 October 1861), 8 (PAYWALL)

The Best Entertainment in London. - The following popular Vocalists appear every evening, viz.:
. . . . Immense succese of Oscar Birbank, the Mackney of Australia, assisted by Messrs. Warden and Collins.
Great excitement caused every evening by the youthful Blondin, Mister Alfred Corelli.
First appearance in England of the celebrated Comic Duet Vocalists, Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, from Australia.
Pianist, Mr. Saqui; Leader, Mr. S. Tute.

"THE LONDON MUSIC HALLS. WILTON'S", The Era (27 October 1861), 5 (PAYWALL)

The Eastern evening amusement-seekers night after night crowd this spacious Hall, and give ample proof that the entertainments gratify them to the full. In addition to former attractions, Mr. Wilton has produced a new feature in Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman, who are designated "The Great Australian Duet Vocalists." Whether from Australia or not, is "neither here nor there." It is enough to know that they execute some charming melodies, marked by decided taste, and productive of very great effect . . . the famous Oscar Birbank [sic], aided by Messrs. Warden and Collins, create quite a furore in their [REDACTED] business . . .

"Figaro", The Lorgnette (13 June 1882), 2 

The death from quick consumption is announced of Mr. Otto Burbank, the well-known negro minstrel, who visited this colony with the Backus Minstrels, opening in Melbourne at Coppin's Olympic Theatre on the 3rd of December, 1855. Early in 1861 he left Australia for London and shortly after returned to his native country, America. He died at Peoria, Illinois, on the 18th [sic] of February last, after an illness of a few weeks.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Newman and wife (Miss Mortimer) (vocalists)

Musical resources:

Burbank's rattlesnake jig, Traditional tune archive's_Rattlesnake_Jig's_Rattlesnake_Jig 

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 72 

Otto Burbank was one of the best jig dancers in the early minstrel days, likewise a good comedian. He was prominently identified with some of the best minstrel organizations, notably Collins' "Christy" Minstrels, in London, England, in 1862. He died at Peoria, Ill., February 13, 1882.

BURDON, George

Musician, ininerant musician, band musician, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDl (TAS), 16 July 1837 (convict per Blenheim, from Woolwich)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by late 1850

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Fletcher


George Burdon, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377292; CON31/1/3$init=CON31-1-3p156 

"THE VAGRANT ACT", The Argus (12 December 1850), 2

Mr. Moor presided at the Police Court on Monday, and two or three cases under the Vagrant Act were brought before him. The first case was that of George Burdon, who was charged by Mr. Chief Constable Bloomfield with being a vagrant, having been fourteen days in Melbourne without having any other visible means of subsistence than that of going about from one public house to another playing "music" and asking alms. The defendant arrived from Van Diemen's Land in company with four others of the same stamp, who figured at the Collingwood election as "a band of musicians." When called upon to state how he obtained a living, Burdon said he brought about eight pounds with him from Van Diemen's Land, and that he had still three pounds left, that he was not aware that it was contrary to the law to play in public-houses; that he had been a fish hawker in Van Diemen's Land for ten years, and could produce many persons of respectability in Melbourne, who had known him in Launceston and Hobart Town; that he intended to follow the business of fish-hawker in Melbourne, and that he expected his brother, wife and family from Van Diemen's Land, with boats, masts, &c. Mr. Moor said he observed the man was described in the watch-house list as an "expiree," and he should like to know how the watch-house keeper had arrived at that conclusion. The watch-house keeper was conseqently sent for, and said that, although he had not asked the man any question upon the subject, he had no doubt whatever that he was an expiree, nor indeed could any man with the slightest experience of such characters be mistaken. Mr. Moor considered the watch-house keeper ought not to have put the man down as an expiree upon merely his own conclusions, and that however little doubt there might be on the subject, he ought at least to have asked the question, or ascertained the facts before having prejudiced the accused party by merely assuming that he was an expiree. The man admitted readily that he was an expiree; that he hoped he should be allowed another chance; that he intended to go to work and get an honest living. Mr. Moor then pointed out to him the third section of the Vagrant Act, which requires that persons having been prisoners in Van Diemen's Land should register their names within a week at most after their arrival here. The man said he would register himself at once, but the fact is that not a single register has been made since the Act was passed, and there is no book kept for the purpose, so lightly have the provisions of the Act been though of. Mr. Moor said people talked a great deal about convictism from Van Diemen's Land, but if the Act were enforced he thought it would in great measure put a stop to it. Mr. John Stephen said the Act had been disallowed. Mr. Moor replied that no official intimation of that assertion had been received, and until the Act had been officially disallowed it remained the law of the land. - The bench allowed the man "another chance." Another man named Charles Fletcher, one of the same sort as Burdon, was also charged with being a vagrant He admitted that music was his "profession." and that he had been brought up in it from infancy. He was cautioned in the same way as his friend had been, and discharged upon a distinct promise that he would eschew music for the rest of his life. There are several others of the same gang still at large who will be apprehended if they remain in town.


Alto vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1848


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (22 April 1858), 3 

. . . Mr. Burford's alto voice, though sweet, was unsuited to the place . . .

"SACRED CONCERT", Adelaide Times (7 September 1854), 3 

. . . We can only briefly refer to some of be more prominent features of this highly interesting entertainment, and amongst them we would mention as deserving of special praise the alto of Mr. Burford, which was eminently successful throughout . . .


Dancer, entertainer

BURGESS, Master (William BURGESS; Master BURGESS; Master Wm. BURGESS)

Juvenile vocalist, dancer

Active VIC, 1858-59; 1863-65


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1859), 1 

BURGESS, Joseph Bird

Violinist, orchestra leader, composer

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 19 June 1830
Married Margaret Susannah FOSTER (d. 1895), Bredhurst, Kent, England, 1 August 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 January 1853 (per Wandsworth, from London, 16 September 1852, aged 22)
Active Bendigo, VIC, by December 1855
Died Geelong, VIC, 20 March 1907, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 December 1855), 1 

GRAND OPENING BALL. WELLINGTON HOTEL. SEVENTH WHITE HILL, EPSOM . . . The Band will be under the direction of Mr. J. Burgess, late of Julien [Jullien's] Loden [? Loder's] Winterbottom's Band . . .

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (24 January 1856), 3

Sir - Will you be kind enough to allow me to correct an error that appeared in your issue of this morning, relative to my ball. The "Octavia Polka" was written by Mr. E. Salaman and not by me as you have stated. The "Casey Polka" was composed by me for the same occasion, and both Polkas were produced for the first lime, at the opening ball, Wellington Hotel, Epsom. Trusting you will excuse me for so far trespassing on your valuable space, I am. Sir. Yours obediently, JOSEPH BURGESS, Late of Mons. Jullien and Winterbottom's Bands. Epsom, 22nd Jan., 1856

"THE MASONIC BALL. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1859), 3

"OUR MUSICAL TALENT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 August 1859), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (21 March 1860), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 March 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (19 July 1870), 5

"NEW SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1870), 2

We have to acknowledge the receipt of the words and music of a new song, entitled " Rest, rest, thou gentle sea," composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama . . . We hear that two more songs of Mr Burgess' are in the hands of the publishers. He is also preparing a volume of his sacred compositions for the press, which is to be published by subscription.

[News], The Argus (11 November 1870), 5

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (25 March 1907), 5 

Many old colonists will regret to hear of the death of Mr. Joseph Bird Burgess, which occurred on Wednesday. Mr. Burgess, who arrived from England in the ship Wandsworth on 1st January, 1853, was a leading figure in the musical world of the infant settlement. In company with Herr Plock he contributed largely to the pleasure of the music-loving public of the Melbourne of those stirring times. In 1854 Mr. Burgess settled in Bendigo, joining Winterbotham's band, which catered so successfully for the old Bendigonians. Ten years later he removed to Echuca, where he made the acquaintance of many of the pioneer pastoralists of Riverina and the northern districts of Victoria. Mr. Burgess was also a musical composer of no mean merit.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1907), 6

Published works:

Rest, rest, thou gentle sea (new song, composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama) ([Melbourne: Paling, 1870])

The stars sink one by one from night (song; the poetry from the Dublin University Magazine) (Melbourne: Troedel, [1870]) 

A selection of sacred music (composed, arranged & dedicated to Viscount Canterbury, KCB, by Joseph Bird Burgess) (? London: Chappell & Co., [? 1875-6]) 

La belle Christine (by Joseph Bird Burgess) (London: Chappell & Co., [n.d.]) 

The Ulupna Schottische ([?]: [?], [?]) 


Organist, pianist, piano tuner

Active Goulburn, NSW, 1852


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (29 May 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (26 June 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1852), 1 

R. BURGESS, (Organist of St. Saviour's, Goulburn), TUNER and REPAIRER OF PIANOFORTES, begs leave respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Braidwood and its vicinity, that his engagements will call him to that district on the 2nd of August.
Parties requiring his services are requested to intimate the same by addressing to him at the Doncaster Inn, as his engagements will oblige him to leave Braidwood on the 5th.
R. B. begs leave to say, that his intention in visiting this district is to execute the necessary tuning and repairing, at a moderate charge.
Simon's Hotel. Goulburn, July 23.

"BRAIDWOOD", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 July 1852), 5 

BURGH, Henry (Henry de BURGH)

Amateur vocalist, pianist, composer

Born 1816
Arrived Perth, WA, 21 July 1841 (per James Matthews, from London)
Departed Perth, WA, 1846 (for England) Died 1876


"FREEMASONRY", The Perth Gazette (28 December 1844), 2

The intervals between the toasts were occupied by the performance of some choice music, amongst which was an original glee for four equal voices, written for the occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, who presided at the piano. This very able production was beautifully sung by the brethren.


The usual Masonic toasts were given, and cordially responded to, accompanied by some excellent songs and glees, performed by several of the Brethren, and appropriate to the sentiment of each; among the rest, a Masonic glee, composed expressly for this occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, and which is acknowledged on all hands to be a composition of very great musical merit. A very beautifully executed copy of this glee was presented to Brother Hutt, and as it is unquestionably worthy of publication in any part of the world, we look to have the pleasure of some day seeing it in print, when we are sure it will become a universal favourite among the brethren.

"WESTERN AUSTRALIA", Freemason's Quarterly Magazine (30 September 1845), 369

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

Bibliography and resources:

Henry de Burgh's Diary (28 March 1841-3 February 1844, from England to the Avon Valley, WA)

The Celtic Lodge, Edinburgh and Leith, No.291, Extract of Minutes 1841 - 1846

28th November 1846 . . . Bro The Honourable Henry Burgh, Naas, Ireland, 712 Western Australia Lodge was admitted an Honorary Member of the Celtic Lodge.

Note: For an earlier Masonic Glee. see 2 pages after 472

BURGIN, Philip (Philip BURGIN; Mr. BURGIN)

Actor, comic vocalist, confectioner, pastry cook

Born London, England, c. 1808
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by c. 1841
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1872, aged "64"


[Playbill], 1 July 1844, Royal Victoria Theatre, Melbourne; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

The whole to conclude with, for the first time, an entirely new comic Pantomime, with new local scenery, tricks, dresses, and decorations, by Mr. Miller, entitled the
FIEND OF THE WAVE, OR Harlequin and the Fairy of the Coral Rock.
The whole of the music arranged by Mr. Richards; scenery by Messrs. Boyd and Miller; dresses by Mr. Avins . . .
The whole under the management of MRS. KNOWLES.

BURKE, Peter Constantine (Peter Constantine BURKE; P. C. BURKE)

Musician, professor of music (son of John Burke, A.R.A.M), pianist, piano tuner, cornet player

Born Drogheda, Ireland, c. 1831/5
Arrived Australia, 1853 (per Marco Polo)
Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1860
Died Laceby, VIC, 18 March 1901, "A colonist of 48 years", aged 65/69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BURKE, Peter Constantine, junior

Piano tuner, pianist, amateur vocalist

Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1894, later QLD


[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (16 October 1880), 2

Piano Tuner. - Mr P. C. Burke announces in our advertising columns that he intends visiting Hay about 23rd inst. He bears first class testimonials, and is confidently recommended by Nicholson and Ascherberg as an excellent tuner.

[News], Euroa Advertiser (13 May 1887), 2

"Marriages", The Argus (2 April 1891), 1

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (26 April 1894), 2

Mr. P. C. Burke, junr., piano tuner, announces that he is at present on his periodical round through Narandera, Coolamon, Junee, and the Wagga districts, and may be expected in this town shortly.

"WANGARATTA", Benalla Standard (22 March 1901), 3

The death occurred at Laceby on Monday morning of Mr. Peter C. Burke, at the age of 65 years. He was born at Drogheda, Ireland, being the only son of Mr. John Burke, A.R.A.M., professor of music. He came to the colony when he was 20 years old, and followed the profession of music. He was well known throughout the North-Eastern District as a piano forte tuner. He was a resident of Killawarra, where he has reared a large family of sons and daughters. He was well known in the Benalla district, where the news of his death was much regretted.

"DEATH OF MR. P. C. BURKE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 March 1901), 11 

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 March 1901), 1

"CONCERT AT THOONA", Benalla Standard (27 August 1907), 3

"MRS. P. C. BURKE", Benalla Standard (1 June 1909), 2 

The death is reported as having occurred at her residence, Wangaratta, on Thursday last of Mrs. P. C. Burke, at the age of 76 years . . . The late Mrs Burke, who was well known and highly respected in this and the Samaria district was born in Glasgow in 1833. In 1852, with her uncle Captain Gilfillan, and his widowed sister. she came to Victoria in the ship Progress and the next year she was married by the late Canon Handfield at St. Peter's Church Eastern Hill, to the late Mr. P. C. Burke who for twelve months followed his profession as a musician. Then, accompanied by his wire, he visited a number of gold rushes, and finally they settled at Beechworth. Mrs. Burke's husband predeceased her about eight years ago, and after his death Mrs. Burke and her daughter Miss Marie Burke, resided in Wangaratta, Mrs. Burke was the mother of ten children, five of whom are living, viz Mr. P. C. Burke, of Ideraway, Queensland . . . The deceased lady was noted for her kindly and cheerful disposition, and her unostentatious charity. She was a most attentive and kindly mother, and sympathy is tendered to the members of the family in their deprivation. The remains were interred in the Wangaratta cemetery on Saturday.

BURN, David (Edmund David BURN; David BURN; "Tasso Australasiatticus")

Playwright, songwriter

Born Scotland, c.1798/9
Active Australia 1826-29, 1830-36, 1841-45
Died North Shore, Auckland, NZ, 15 June 1875 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


David Burn - journal of a voyage from London to Hobart in the barque Calcutta (31 July to 22 November 1841), and journal (1 August 1844 to 19 February 1845); State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2 

Various references to music and musicians, military bands, church music, pianos, a fiddler (Dr. Munro, R.N.), a grand fancy ball (21 August 1844), as well as theatrical affairs, including mention (19 November 1844) of meeting "Mr. Griffiths, Mrs. Bushelle, and Madame Louise", and (18 February 1845) of an ememnded "song" he wrote out for Ann Ximenes, for Our first lieutenant

Plays, and fugitive pieces, in verse, by David Burn . . . vol. 1

Our first lieutenant and fugitive pieces, in prose, by David Burn . . . vol. 2

(Hobart Town: Printed by William Pratt; Published by S. A. Tegg, 1842)

Both volumes, copies at British Library, bound and digitised as one: 

Bibliography and resources:

D. H. Borchardt, "Burn, David (1799-1875)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966) 

BURNS, William (alias Edward BYRNE)

Singing teacher

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1865


"A CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), 2

"ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), s2

"CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", The Argus (23 October 1865), 6

BURNETT, George W.

Professor of music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1863


[Law reports], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1863), 5


Band sergeant (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Died Melbourne, VIC, 31 April 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 May 1857), 3

James Burnett, band sergeant of the 40th Regiment, died on Thursday morning from disease of the brain. The deceased, though comparatively a young man, served with the regiment at Candahar, Ghusnes, Cabul, and Maharajapore, and was decorated with a medal and bronze star.


Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)

BURNS, Tommie (Tommie BURNS; Blind TOMMIE)

Musician, itinerant musician, fiddler

Active Windsor, NSW, c. 1833

Bibliography and resources:

"Early Hawkesbury Recollections (COLLECTED BY YELDAP)", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (11 July 1896), 6 

JAMES T. RYAN ("Toby") in his "Reminiscences of Australia" relates the following interesting account of THE FIRST KILLARNEY RACES. The first Killarney Races took place on the 29th day of August, 1833, and are remembered well by us from the fact of having a sister born that morning before leaving for the races. It was a lovely spring morning as George Rope and "Toby" (the author of Reminiscences of Australia), wended their way from South Creek . . . .

"Early Hawkesbury Recollections", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (18 July 1896), 9 

In the district of Windsor lived two brothers named Patrick and Daniel O'Rourke. The former had a large family of daughters and one son. Daniel's family consisted only of daughters. They had a large faction of friends scattered round the district - the Daseys, the Daleys, the Shadeye - all from the same place in the old country. Young Patrick married Betsy Dasey, and when a son was born great were the preparations made for the christening, he being the first of the O'Rourkes born in Australia. The news soon spread, invitations were issued, and the time fixed for the spree. A goodly supply of spirits for the men and wine for the women was brought, and sucking pigs and poultry in galore. Two fiddlers were brought from Windsor the night before - Blind Tommy and Blind Loftus, the latter being so-called on account of having only one eye, and who had, perhaps the ugliest face ever seen. He was badly pock-marked; his nose was flat, and level with his cheek-bones, being what you would term an apology for a nose. This was the man chosen to amuse the people at the time, and well he could do it. It was very funny to see him and ---- (the tambourine player), in George Freeman's tent at the Windsor race meetings, making grimaces that would frighten a cat. He could play the fiddle well, was a splendid dancer, and could sing a good Irish song. It was surprising that such a splendid voice could belong to the owner of such a mouth and face. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Father Coffee, who stayed to dinner, so that proper decorum prevailed whilst be remained. But he did not stay long, having other duties of a like nature to perform in Windsor that night. On leaving he gave them excellent advice - to enjoy themselves, but to keep within bounds. After dinner was over, and everything had been removed from the large tent erected for that purpose, boards were laid for dancing. Blind Loftus opened the proceedings by dancing a hornpipe. Then came Irish jigs, reels, and songs, and when the "boys" got warm they were as wild as goats without a shepherd. The spree was kept up for three or four days and nights, the two fiddlers taking turns at the music.

James Tobias Ryan, Reminiscences of Australia (Sydney: George Robertson, 1895), (106), 106-07, 114-16 (DIGITISED)

[106] THE ABORIGINALS - 1825-1835. The aboriginals, in the County of Cumberland, were composed of many tribes, who frequently met in warfare, when they would leave the old men, women and children in the camp and only the able-bodied men would proceed to war . . . [107] . . . Some of them when young were active and able men, and wonderfully agile in hunting their game, the kangaroo or emu . . . Their corroborees were very interesting, especially the war dance . . . (DIGITISED)

[114] THE FIRST KILLARNEY RACES. The first Killarney Races took place on the 29th day of August, 1833 . . . It was a lovely spring morning as George . . . and Toby wended their way from South Creek, near Dunhaved, to Killarney, two miles east of Windsor . . . This was the first race meeting of any importance outside the metropolis, and so received much patronage from all classes. There were about twelve booths, a grand-stand and a weighing yard, also a military band. The sporting aristocracy of the day were present. The booths consisted of every kind of shelter, bushes, bark and tarpaulin, and were filled with people. Blind Loftus, a very ugly man, was dancing, and Black Simon playing the tambourine, at G. Freeman's booth. Every kind of amusement imaginable was going on, nine pins, puppet shows, the devil among the tailors, with lollypop and cake stalls in the front; at the back, skittles and gambling of every description, with an occasional fight throughout the day. The racehorses were scattered about under the shady clumps of trees . . . [115] . . . The Colonel of the Regiment was at Windsor, and a ball was to be given in honour of his presence that night . . . And a great night it was for the little sporting town of Windsor. There was a bonfire at the "Bell Post," a lovely spot, looking down on the Hawkesbury River. The town was alive with music. The band played for the ball, which took place in the large barracks in the square, and was a very imposing sight. In fact, Windsor was in a blaze the whole night. It commenced to rain at five o'clock [a.m.] . . . half past seven being the time appointed for starting homewards . . . They made a start, numbering about twenty whites and the same number of blacks, the former being composed of fiddlers, actors, old hangers-on from Penrith and "Yarra Monday's Lagoon." They wended their way through Windsor, and as the cattle were facing homewards they travelled via the Chain of Point, and reached Pat Harper's, of Allen Water, on the Richmond and Penrith road about noon. There they unyoked and watered [116] the cattle, and the whole of the broken tucker was pulled out and distributed between blacks and whites. Trunks of turkeys and geese, portions of sucking pigs and ham bones were all cleared up, and every bottle and keg was drained. The blacks gave a corroboree and the fiddlers played and sang "Killarney," after which they yoked up again and started on the straight road. The guides left them after being paid, and wended their way home to South Creek.

J. C. L. Fitzpatrick, Those were the days: being a record of the doings of the men and women of the Hawkesbury 50 years ago and more (Sydney: Bookstall Co., 1923), 58 (DIGITISED)

[58] Music was allowed in the hotel bars then, and dancing and singing. Not the dancing such as Mr. Clarke taught, but hornpipes and four-handed reels, especially the former. Tommie Burns and Blind Loftus were great at it, and were in demand by the publicans. Then there was Davie the barber. Blind Tommie used to have to sing a song entitled "Bold Jack Donohoe." Donohoe, you know, was the bushranger who used to bail people up about Liverpool and Penrith. He had two followers, Walmsley and Webber. But one day, when pursued by the police, these followers deserted Donohoe, leaving him alone to fight three of the police, who, after a desperate encounter, put a couple of bullets into his breast and killed him. The song described the affray, and was a favourite with everybody, particularly the ticket-of-leave men. Talking about dancing, it reminds me of a bit of sport got up by the ticket-of-leave men in a pub opposite where Miss Bushell is now. It was kept by George Freeman, who was always on the shift. First in one pub, then another! Well, the men got up a purse of pennies for a match between Sal the Pieman (daughter of an old pieman) and Jack Linsley, who was a big lump of a boy then, and used to knock about, like most of the youngsters of those days, bare footed. Blind Johnnie, the fiddler, played for the match. The pair danced on the board in their bare feet. The only step they knew was "straight fives," and at it they went . . .

"Elsie Moore. A TALE OF EARLY COLONIAL DAYS (BY WARRENE)", Australian Town and Country Journal (3 March 1888), 32 

The weeks and the months sped swiftly by, and at last the day was fixed for Bryan's and Elsie's marriage. The neighbors for miles round were invited to the wedding, and the young folk of both sexes revelled in the glad anticipations of a merry time of it, in "bating the flure" to the inspiring strains of Gipsy Oliver's fiddle, and the dulcet jingle of Black Simon's tambourine. On the evening previously to the appointed wedding day, Moore, assisted by Bryan Devereaux, slaughtered a fat heifer to 'furnish forth the baked meats' for the marriage feast.

ASSOCIATIONS: Black Simon, also nickname of Simon of Cyrene, the cross-bearer

"Elsie Moore. BY JOSEPH KELLY. PART I", Nepean Times (22 December 1906), 8 

Music concordance:

Ryan's recollection of the tune called Killarney is almost certainly mis-remembered, an understandable elision of the place name with the much later popular tune composed by Balfe.

Of course, if not likely, it is possible that he may have remembered another tune named Killarney, for instance "The hermit of Killarney" 

As on Killarney's banks I stood, near to her crystal wave,
I saw a holy hermit, retired within his cave;
His eyes he often turn'd to heaven, and thus exclaimed he:
Adieu, Adieu, though faithless world, thou wert not meant for me!


Musician, bandsman, Band of the 63rd regiment


Schoolmaster, teacher of vocal music

Active Launceston, TAS, by February 1853
Died Warrnambool, VIC, 24 July 1881, aged 58


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1853), 87

MR. D. BURSTON. from St. John's College, Battersea, London, respectfully begs to inform the inhabitants of Launceston and its vicinity, that he will open the School Building situated in Franklin-street, on Monday next, the 31st January, to commence the following course of instruction to youth in the above-named locality;- Reading, Spelling, Writing, Dictation, Arithmetic, Composition, Grammar, Geography, Map Drawing, Vocal Music, (Sewing, Knitting and Marking, to girls) &c. Terms:- . . . An Evening Singing Class will be formed for Ladies and Gentlemen in the centre of the town as soon as the names of parties have been received, on Professor Hullah's, or the sol. fa. system. Terms, £1 1s. per quarter.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (21 April 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 June 1853), 6

"ST. JOHN'S SCHOOL", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (29 August 1857), 5

"WARRNAMBOOL", The Argus (26 July 1881), 6

"DEATHS", Illustrated Australian News (24 August 1881), 158

BURTON, Henry (Henry BURTON; alias Blythe WATERLAND)

Musician, vocalist (Waterland's Ethiopian Serenaders, &c), showman, circus performer, proprietor of Burton's Band

Born Lincolnshire, England, c. 1823
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 December 1849 (per Constant, from London)
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1850
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 9 March 1900, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (26 December 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 2

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1850), 1

"BLYTHE WATERLAND'S SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (29 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1850), 1

"MUDGEE", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1852), 3

Mr. Burton's band ably performed their part as musicians, relieved occasionally by some of the ladies, who sung, and played upon the piano to admiration. Mr. Nathan, from Sydney, likewise played and sung to the great delight of the company.

"THE CIRCUS", The Courier (5 May 1855), 3

The Circus in Murray-street will be opened on Monday evening next. The manager of the present troupe is Mr. Burton, already so well in in the colonies for the highly respectable and proper manner in which the performances under his management have been conducted. He is best known under his American cognomen, Blythe Waterland.

"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Tuesday. November 4. Before Dr. Walker, J.P., and Mr. Lachlan Macfarlane. J.P. Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same. Henry Burton, sworn, said the defendants, who had played for him in Victoria, were engaged by his agent to play for him in Adelaide and South Australia at £16 per week, their own terms (agreement put in and acknowledged). That the day before the Circus left Port Adelaide, after they had received their week's wages, £16 (receipt put in), they said they would not go into the country with witness, unless he paid them £3 per week extra. . . . The defendants were ordered to return to their duties and pay the costs, or to be committed to Gaol for one month. They paid the costs and promised to return to their duties.

"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (19 September 1859), 2

"DRAGGED", South Australian Register (22 November 1869), 2

"MR. HENRY BURTON, MR. ROBERT TAYLOR", Australian Town and Country Journal (11 July 1874), 24

Our first recollections of Mr. Burton's public life extend back some years. In 1847 he appeared professionally as Mazeppa in Cook's circus, in the city of Edinburgh . . . Mr. Burton's first connection with amusements in these colonies commenced in 1851, in which year he introduced the first company of serenaders, known as Blythe Waterland's Troupe . . . the name of Burton has been so intimately associated with circuses that it's only necessary to say that he has traversed the whole of the settled parts of the continent from Rockhampton on the north, to Adelaide on the west; and during his travels he has gone many thousands of miles by land and sea, and though he has met at times with serious reverses through impassable roads, drought, bad seasons, and all the other ills that can attend the Australian traveller, Mr. Burton has always merited the respect and patronage of the public, and has given over two thousand pounds to the charities of the colonies.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 March 1900), 1

"MR. HENRY BURTON", Bathurst Free Press (19 March 1900), 3

MR. HENRY BURTON, who was well-known in the early days as the proprietor of Burton's Circus, died at the Dramatic Homes on March 9, and was buried in the St. Kilda Cemetery. Mr. Burton, at one period of his life, had become fairly wealthy, and in his opulence he acquired quite a reputation for his extensive charities. He afterwards met with reverses (says a Melbourne paper), and about eighteen months ago found shelter in the institution for which he himself had done so much.

Bibliography and resources:

Ruth Teale, "Burton, Henry (1823-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Mark St. Leon, "Theatre, amphitheatre and circus in Sydney, 1833-60", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 97/2 (2011), 220-43 (PAYWALL) 

BUSH, James (James BUSH; Mr. BUSH)

Pianist, piano player

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1859


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1857), 8 

GEELONG MUSIC HALL, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel. -
Great Success of Miss MORTIMER, the eminent Soprano.
. . . Miss FITZGERALD, the celebrated Irish Ballad Singer, will appear nightly.
. . . Mr. NEWMAN, the unrivalled Comic Singer, will open his Budget of Comicalities.
. . . Miss SUNDERLAND in favourite sentimental songs.
. . . Mr. WILLIAMS will make an appearance in his Shakspearian comicalities.
. . . Miss MORTIMER and NEWMAN their side-splitting deeds [? duets].
Mons. Greno, Violinist. Master Bush, the Colonial Wonder, Pianist.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 April 1858), 8 

The following talented artistes appear every evening:-
Mrs. Newman, the much noticed soprano; Mr. Newman, comic vocalist;
Master Burges, tenor singer; Mr. Anderson, the Highland dancer.
Pianist, Mr. Bush. Manager, Mr. F. George.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 March 1859), 1 

TO SEE JOHNNY BURGESS, Dance, acknowledged, without doubt, the Greatest Dancer in the World.
MR. SHARP, Stands Unrivalled as a Banjoist.
MR. J. A. PICCO, The Australian Paganini, and Soloist on various Instruments.
MASTER BURGESS, Still gains Laurels as a Juvenile Vocalist.
Pianist - MR. BUSH.
Leader - Mr. J. A. Picco.
Admission Free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Johnny Burgess (dancer); Henry Sharp (banjo); J. A. Picco (multi-instrumentalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1859), 1 

"THE GLASS BLOWERS", Bendigo Advertiser (14 November 1868), 2 

BUSHELL, Rebecca (Rebecca BALL; Mrs. John Waller BUSHELL)


Born Surrey, England, 9 July 1821; baptised St. George the martyr, Southwark, 29 July 1821; daughter of Daniel BALL and Sarah STEERS
Married John Waller BUSHELL (1821-1889), St. Matthew, Brixton, 17 June 1839
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1840 (per Thirteen)
Died West Hindmarsh, SA, 8 December 1893, aged "72/73" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Betteridge (son-in-law, from 1865)


"DEATH OF MRS. BUSHELL", The Advertiser (11 December 1893), 5 

Mrs. Rebecca Bushell, one of the oldest residents of Hindmarsh, and at one time prominent vocalist in Adelaide, died on Friday at her residence, West Hindmarsh in her 73rd year, after a long illness. The deceased lady, who was highly respected, was the relict of the late Mr. John Waller Bushell whose father (Mr. John Farr Bushell) was an officer on board the Defiance under Lord Nelson at Trafalgar. Mrs. Bushell arrived in South Australia with her husband in the brig Thirteen on June 13, 1840, after a voyage of six months. She was a leading soprano in the Adelaide Philharmonic Society many years ago. For several years she resided at what is now known as the St. Joseph's Convent, Brompton, and for a considerable time has been a resident at West Hindmarsh, nearly the whole of her colonial life being spent in what is now known as the town of Hindmarsh. Her remains were buried the Hindmarsh Cemetery on Saturday afternoon, when a good number of persons, including some old colonists, assembled to pay their last token of respect to the deceased lady . . .



BUSHELLE, John (senior)

BUSHELLE, John Butler (junior)

BUSHELLE, Tobias Vincent

See main entry

Eliza and John Bushelle and family

BUSHNELL, William Avery (William Avery BUSHNELL; W. A. BUSHNELL; Mr. BUSHNELL)

Musical and theatrical agent

Born Connecticut, USA, 7 May 1823; son of William Fitch BUSHNELL and Jane Corning PARRISH
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 September 1854 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco, 8 July, and Honolulu, 28 July)
Married Catherine HAYES, England, 1857
Died France, 2 July 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bushell worked as a school teacher in Connecticut and Long Island, before becoming an agent for P. T. Barnum. When Catherine Hayes broke with Barnum's management, Bushnell became her agent. They married in London, England, on 8 October 1857. He died on 2 July 1858, in the south of France while he and Hayes were there on tour.


"ARRIVALS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (11 September 1854), 170 

September 10. - Fanny Major, barque, 280 tons, Captain J. M. Green, from San Francisco July 8, and Honolula July 28th - Passengers - Miss Catherine Hayes, Mrs. Hayes . . . Mr. Bushnel, Mr. Coulon . . .

1857, marriage solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St. George Hanover Square in the county of Middlesex; register 1857-58, page 105; City of Westminster Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 210 / [1857] October 8 / William Avery Bushnell / Full age / Bachelor / Gent'n / Park Street / [father] William Fitch Bushnell / Esquire
Catherine Hayes / Full Age / Spinster / - / Albion Street Paddington / [father] Arthur Williamson Hayes / Professor of Music
In the Presence of us: G. A. Osborne, Henrietta Hayes . . .

BUSSE, Frederick (Heinrich Ludwig Friedrich BUSSE; Henry Louis Frederick BUSSE; Herr BUSSE; also Frederick BISSE)

Musician, cornet and flute player, publican, vigneron

Born Salzgitter, Hanover (Germany), c. 1827
Married Wilhelmina BRUNKE (d. 1907), by c. 1850
Arrived VIC, "1854"
Active Ballarat, VIC, c. 1857-59
Naturalised VIC, 25 November 1864 (publican, Chiltern, born Salzgitter, Hanover, aged "36")
Died Barnawartha, VIC, 3/4 September 1897, aged "70" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (17 August 1857), 3 

THIS EVENING - MONDAY, And every evening during the week,
Engagement of the celebrated local Comic Singer, MR. COXON . . .
A MONSTER BAND, The solo performers consisting of
Herr Richty, Monsieur Fleury, and Herr Weideman, 1st Violins.
Monsieur Feon, and Herr Rodi, 2nd Violins.
Herr Keitel and - Navaiski, Tenor.
Herr Elliott, Contra Bass.
Herr Bohler, Flute.
Herr Bouleke, 1st Clarionet.
Herr Holzapfell, 2nd Clarionet.
Herr Vohr, Oboe.
Herr Ide, 1st Cornet.
Herr Busse, 2nd Cornet.
Herr Schulze, Trombone.
Mr. Parker, Pianist.
Monsieur PIETRO CANNA, on the Drums.
Leader of the Band, HERR RICHTY.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gibbs (proprietor); Carl Richty (leader, violin); Achille Fleury (violin); Traugott Wiedemann (violin); August Keitel (viola); Pietro Canna (drums); Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"Chiltern Police Court. Monday, August 17 . . . Wilfully Damaging Property. F. Bisse v T. Finigan", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (18 August 1863), 4 

F. Bisse, sworn, said: On Saturday night the the prisoner was in my house and was 'shaping' in the ball-room. I ordered him out. I then took hold of him, and prisoner caught hold of my watch chain and broke it, tore my coat, and did damages to my watch chain and clothing to the amount of £6 10s . . .
Prisoner was fined £1, with damages £6 10s, or in default 21 days with hard labor.

"CHILTERN. From our own Correspondent. July 11th", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 July 1864), 3 

On Saturday night last, Mr. F. Bisse (late of the Crystal Fountain Hotel) opened his new house, entitled, The Albion, in Conness street, Chiltern. A large number of Mr. Bisse's friends patronised him on the occasion.

"Chiltern Police Court. Thursday, October 13th . . . BREACH OF PUBLICAN'S ACT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 October 1864), 2 

Mr. F. Bisse, of the new Albion Hotel, Conness-street, Cliiltern, was charged with allowing ing dancing in his house after regular hours on Saturday night last. Dismisssed with a caution.

"CHILTERN (From our own Correspondent) September 3rd. DEATH FROM DROWNING", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 September 1866), 2 

I regret to have to chronicle the death of a little child belonging to Mr F. Bisse, of the Albion Hotel, Chiltern. It appears that the little one (aged one year and eight months) went out with another child to play, and fell into a hole full of water . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 May 1867), 3

A GRAND Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT Will take place at
BISSE'S ALBION HOTEL, Conness-street, Chiltern, On Tuesday, May 7th, 1867,
In aid of the funds of the OVENS DISTRICT HOSPITAL.
Mr. H. A. Crawford - Mr. J. A. Mulligan
" John Strickland - " Fred. Bisse
" Henry Nickless - " H. Lauenstein
" E. Banks - " R. C. Barrett.
DIRECTOR: Fred. Bisse.
Mr. H. Schmidt - Mr. D. Palmer
" H. Weinberg - " H. Vorherr
" E. Russom - " Fred. Bisse
" C. Esther - " W. Otto
" - August " - A. Schluter
Assisted by the Cornish Glee Club.
Band - 1. Overture, "Zampa," by Herold, arranged by H. Bonn.
2. Glee, "Call where the Breezes."
3. Song, by Miss D. Bisse, "Farewell, if ever fondest prayer;" music by Bellini.
Band - 4. "Des Teufels Anthiel," by D. F. E. Auber, arranged by P. Roth.
5. "Merry May," song, by Mr. H. Harris.
Band - 6. "Martha," by Flotow, arranged by P. Roth.
7. Song, by Miss D. Bisse, assisted by the Cornish Glee Club.
Interval of fifteen minutes.
Band - 1. Overture, "Otello," by G. Rossini, arranged by F. Strauss.
2. Glee, "Fisherman's Glee."
3. Quartette, by Gentlemen of the Band.
4. Duet, by Miss D. Busse [sic] and Mr. H. Harris, "What are the Wild Waves Saying," music by S. Glover, words by T. E. Carpenter.
Band - 5. "Alessandro Stradello," by F. Flotow, arranged by P. Roth.
6. Song, by Mr. A. Schluter.
7. "God Save the Queen," by the Company.
Admission 3s.
Doors open at half-past seven o'clock, to commence at eight o'clock sharp.
Tickets to be had at the Albion, and all the principal Hotels, Chiltern.

ASSOCIATIONS: Herr Schmidt (violin); Henry Weinberg (musician); Herman Vorherr (musician); Edward Stephenson Russom (musician); Adolph Schluter (vocalist); Miss Busse (vocalist) is probably his eldest daughter Dorothea (b. Hanover, c. 1850; married Adolph Nicolaus Wendt, VIC, 1869; died Chiltern, 1894)

"CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 May 1867), 3 

A grand vocal and instrumental Concert, will take place at Bisse's Albion Hotel, Chiltern, this evening (Tuesday). The programme contains a number of really choice selections, the rendering of which by first-class performers promises a treat of no ordinary land to the residents of the Federal City. As the proceeds of the entertainment are to be devoted to the Ovens District Hospital, it is to be hoped the attendance will be such as to give encouragement to those who lend their time and talents for so good a purpose.

"HOSPITAL DONATION", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 June 1857), 2 

We have been requested to acknowledge the receipt of £2 10s from Mr F. Bisse of Chiltern, being balance from an entertainment, given in aid of the Hospital funds.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (28 January 1868), 3 

GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT Will be given, on the above date,
in aid of the funds for the erection of a Monument to the Memory of the late Herr Schmidt.
The BAND will comprise the following gentlemen, who have kindly volunteered their services:
1st Violins - Herr WEINBERG and VAN DEN BERG
2nd Do - Herr BAUSCHMAN and Mr. WATTS
Tenor - Mr. E. S. RUSSOM
Violincellos - Mr. MORRIS and Herr OTTO
Contre Basses - Herr ESTHER and GERKE
Cornets - Herr SCHMIDT and BURKE
Clarinet - Herr VORHEN [sic]
Flute - Herr BUSSE [sic]
Flageolet - Mr. Henri RUXTON
Cornos - Messrs. PALMER and GEORGE
Trombone - Herr HARTMAN
Drums - Herr RUDOLPH
Conductor, Herr SCHLUTER.
Assisted by Ladies and Gentlemen Amateurs and the German Vocal Union.
Full particulars in Programmes.
Doors open at half-past seven. Performance to commence at eight o'clock.
Admission - Front scats, 3s.; back do, 2s.
P. C. BURKE, Hon. Sec.
N.B. - Tickets for the above entertainment will be available for a Dance at the close of the Concert. The entire strength of the Band has kindly consented to perform at the same.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Van Den Berg (violin); James Watts (violin); Heinrich Gerke (double bass); Henri W. Ruxton (flageolet); Peter Constantine Burke (cornet, secretary)

"OBITUARY", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express [NSW] (17 September 1897), 22 

The Federal Standard says: - "It is with groat regret that we have to record the death of Mr. Frederick Busse, sen., an old and highly respected resident of the Barnawartha district, which occurred at his residence, Burraburnia, on the 3rd inst. Deceased, who had been ailing for some months, suffering from a painful complaint, had to undergo an operation, and although he appeared at first to rally, the shock was too severe in his enfeebled state of health, and he gradually sank and expired on the date mentioned. Deceased, who was born in Hanovor, Germany, in 1827, arrived in Victoria in 1854.

"VICTORIA", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (12 November 1897), 31 

The will of Henry Louis Frederick Busse, late of Barnawartha, vigneron, who died on the 3rd September, has been lodged for probate. The testator left a will, dated 1st of September last, bequeathing hia property to his widow absolutely. Value of realty, £3560; personalty, £821.

BUTLER, Madame (Mrs. William Butler DAVIS; Madame BUTLER; Madame Butler DAVIS) = Emily Geraldine DAVIS


BYERS, James Lucas (James Lucas BYERS; J. L. BYERS)

Actor, manager

Active c. 1850s-90s

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Hudson (actor, wife)


"NEW INSOLVENTS", Otago Daily Times [NZ] (29 July 1878), 2 

BYRNE, Mrs. (Mrs. BYRNE)


Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


"CHRISTMAS EVE IN SANDHURST", Bendigo Advertiser (27 December 1858), 3 

. . . In the "Victoria" we listened with pleasure to the singing of Mrs. Byrne and Master Burgess. The former sang tastefully, and was encored by a crowded audience; Master Burgess sang some of Russell's melodies in a style that would have earned fame for an older and much more experienced performer. The presiding genius, at the piano accompanied the vocalists efficiently . . .

BYRNE, George (alias)

Violinist, musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (27 September 1856), 6

"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (30 September 1856), 5

"A TWO FOOTED BEAST", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1856), 3

The person described on the charge sheet, under the assumed name of George Byrne, but who is really a German, and one of the first violinists in the colony, and who was convicted at the City Police Court on Friday, of grossly indecent conduct towards two girls attending the Collingwood National Schools, was again brought up on Saturday. The prisoner had been remanded in consequence of it being understood that there were several more cases against him . . .

BYRNE, Stephen

Trombonist (honorary secretary, Hallas's Band), printer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1860


"MUNICIPAL POLICE COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (15 May 1860), 2

"PRESENTATION TO CAPTAIN SKENE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1863), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (18 November 1865), 2

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