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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bla-By)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this :

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bla-By)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 5 July 2022

Bla - By

"BLACK", Charles ("Black Charles")

Musician, fiddler, violin player, sailor

Active VDL (TAS), ? c. 1803-04

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

A black American violinist entertained a shore party from the vessel Sydney on the coast of Tasmania, in company with the flute-playing sergeant Samuel Thorne of the Hobart garrison, was probably "Black Charles" mentioned elsewhere as one of the ship's sailors.

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Holt, A rum story, ed. Peter O'Shaughnessy (Kenthurst, 1988), 100

Marjorie Tipping, Convicts unbound (Melbourne, 1988), 70, 316, 328

Malcolm Ward, Sergeant Samuel Thorne: a Royal Marine in the Napoleonic wars and a first settler of Port Phillip and Hobart Town (South Hobart: Malcolm Ward, 2007) 

Jordan 2012, 201

Richard Holmes, "HMS Calcutta to VDL / Royal Marines and Fams", posted 6 May 2002 

Malcolm Ward, The royal marine and the convict: Samuel Thorne, James Ward and their heritage at Pitt Water and the Lower Ferry (Orford: Tasmania Family and Property History Research, [2016]) 

BLACK, John (John BLACK)

Comic vocalist

Active VIC, c. 1857-59


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (1 September 1857), 4 

EL DORADO CONCERT HALL . . . Miss Juliana King, Mr. Percival, Madame Rolland and Mr. John Black, Mr. Thompson . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (27 October 1857), 3 

NOTICE. JACOB VAN DE BERG HAS succeeded in engaging MR. BLACK, The celebrated Comic Singer, MR. PERCIVAL, The celebrated Sentimental Singer, And Ladies of talent.
At the Britannia Hotel, Upper Woolshed . . .

"MOUNT ALEXANDER HOTEL", Mount Alexander Mail (23 November 1859), 3 

BLACK, John Melton (John BLACK; from c. 1860, John Melton BLACK)

Theatre builder, manager, proprietor (Theatre Royal, Princess' Theatre, Melbourne)

Born Bolton, Lancashire, England, 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1852
Departed QLD, 1867
Died Hampstead, London, England, 8 September 1919 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THEATRICAL ARTISTES FOR AUSTRALIA", The morning chronicle (7 April 1856), 3

Mr. J. H. Wilton has engaged a corps of theatrical artistes, who will take their departure for Australia in the ship James Baines, which was expected to sail from Liverpool for Melbourne on Sunday morning. They have been engaged for the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and will be accompanied by Mr. Black, the lessee and builder of that establishment, and by Mr. W. N. Lyons, Mr. Wilton's locum tenens. The artistes already engaged by Mr. Wilton are Miss Fitzpatrick, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, and Mr. Linley Norman, Mddle. d'Antoine, and Mons. Martin. Mr. Wilton is also in treaty for an Australian trip, with Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon, and Miss Cushman, Mr. Charles Matthews having for the present declined Mr. Wilton's offer, on the score of the ill-health of his wife (Madame Vestris.)

"THEATRE ROYAL. OUR LYCEUYM. ENGLISH OPERA", The Argus (1 September 1856), 5 

The Queen's Theatre, re-baptized under the title of "Our Lyceum," opens this evening with an English operatic troupe, under the management of Mr. John Black. The opera selected for the occasion is the "Bride of Lammermoor," and it will be the first time Donizetti's celebrated work has been presented in an English dress to a Victorian audience. Having had the advantage of witnessing a rehearsal we are enabled to give as an opinion that success will be found to be merited by the new arrivals, and we therefore look to see it achieved. Miss Julia Harland, the prima donna, is a daughter of Mr. Henry Wallack, well known to the British and American boards. From the slight opportunity we have had of judging of her professional qualities we are inclined to augur for her a flattering success. We have also a good opinion of the qualifications possessed by Mr. W. Sherwin, the tenor, and hope to see him ere many nights have elapsed a favorite with our Melbourne play-goers. Mr. Farquarson is decidedly an immense acquisition to our corps d'opera, and although Ashton is not a telling part for him, we anticipate a grand treat for the patrons of Our Lyceum this evening from the thoroughly established reputation which this excellent singer has acquired in the mother country, and which has been fully endorsed by our Sydney neighbors. Mr. Gregg and Mrs. Fiddes will, we believe, also appear. The orchestra and chorus have been judiciously selected. The former is under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, with Strebinger for leader, and numbers several of our most popular instrumental performers, including Messrs. King (first violin), Johnson (clarionet), Hartigan (ophecleide), and in addition a Mr. Siche [recte, Siede], a flautist of high reputation in England and Germany, and who has only very recently arrived in the colony. Mr. Hosking, an admirable light comedian, who will be well remembered by the ci-divant patrons of Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood, also makes his debut this evening as Colonel Jack Delaware, a Yankee "patter" part, in the farce of "A Fast Train."

Bibliography and resources:

Dorothy Gibson-Wilde, "Townsville's neglected founder: the mysterious Mr. Black" (11 May 2009)

"John Melton Black", Wikipedia 

BLACK, John Reddie (John Reddie BLACK; John Roderick BLACK; Mr. J. R. BLACK)

Vocalist, delineator, journalist, photographer

Born Dysart, Fyfe, Scotland, 8 January 1826
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1857
Died Yokohama, Japan, 11 June 1880 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Having been briefly an Enfield resident and Adelaide businessman, Mr. J. R. Black was "not unknown to his auditors" when he appeared at the Kensington Institute in Adelaide in July 1858. Though "few perhaps who have admired his occasional songs or duets imagined him capable of arresting the attention of an audience for an entire evening", nevertheless, as accompanied by the talented young pianist Richard Baxter White, R.A.M., "in this he was completely successful". He toured themed programs of Scotch and Patriotic songs, interlarded with anecdotes, that became surprisingly popular.

In Sydney in November 1859, a complimentary benefit was organised on his behalf with patronage at the highest level. Later in Sydney, W. J. Johnson published John Blockley's Tennyson song Break, break, break as "Sung by Mr. J. R. Black", perhaps coinciding with his performances of the song there in April 1861.

In Hobart, the bookbinder George Rolwegan issued Caller Herrin as "The Celebrated Scotch Song . . . as sung by Mr. J. R. Black, with symphony from Knapton's variations", first advertised on 31 December 1861.

Black had apparently left Australia by early 1863, and in 1864 it was widely but incorrectly reported that he had died in Calcutta. By 1864 was in Japan, where he worked as a photographer and publisher of English language newspapers including The Japan Herald and The Far East. He also published a book Young Japan.

His son, Henry James Black, born in Adelaide on 22 December 1858, reportedly became Japan's first foreign-born Kabuki actor.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1858), 1

"MR. J. R. BLACK'S ENTERTAINMENT", South Australian Register (1 July 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (26 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 January 1859), 3

"THE NATIONAL MELODIES OF MANY LANDS", Empire (28 September 1859), 8

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1859), 1

"SOCIAL", Empire (12 November 1859), 4

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (28 July 1860), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (23 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (31 May 1861), 1

"MR. J. R. BLACK" and "MR. T. P. HILL", The Mercury (5 June 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (31 December 1861), 3

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian  Register (10 August 1891), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Ian McArthur, Mediating modernity: Henry Black and narrated hybridity in Meiji Japan (Ph.D thesis, University of Sydney, 2002)

Ian McArthur, Henry Black: on stage in Meiji Japan (Clayton: Monash University Publishing, [2013]) 

"J. R. Black", Wikipedia


Pianoforte maker and tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1859
Died Malvern, VIC, 24 September 1914, in his 83rd year ("pianoforte expert; a colonist of 62 years")


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 October 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1861), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 September 1914), 1


Chorister, organist, architect

Born NSW, 26 October 1857; son of Edmund BLACKET
Died Manly, NSW, 26 February 1937, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1935), 8 

. . . As the son, pupil, partner, and successor of architect Edmund Thomas Blacket, I have known the Cathedral most of my life. When builder Aaron Loveridge put up the two western towers, and builder Robert Kirkham erected the central tower, as a young man in my father's office one of my duties was to visit the works in progress. I was also a member of the cathedral choir, and as a pupil of the cathedral organist (Montague Younger). I sometimes played the organ for services in the cathedral . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Montague Younger



Arrived Adelaide, SA, by October 1853


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1853), 2

Miss Blackhurst, nine years a pupil in the Royal Academy of Music, London, respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Adelaide, that a Grand Soiree Musicale will be held in the Royal Victoria Theatre, on Wednesday, 19th October . . . Instrumental Performers - Messrs. Thurloe, Lillywhite, John Cobbin, Swift, John Cobbin, jun., M'Cullagh, Walker, Tuxford, Smith, Mantegeni. Vocal Performers - Messrs. Blackhurst, Walker, Risely, Allen, Knight, Mrs. Hastings, Miss Petman, Miss Blackhurst. Leader: Mr. Chapman. Mr. Solomons Grand Piano will be used for this occasion.


Bombardon player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

. . . Their bass instruments are of the first description, for in addition to the Bassoons, the Serpent, and last though not least the Ophecleide . . . they have also the Bombardone. As this latter instrument was hitherto unknown in this colony we need not apologise to our readers for introducing a brief account of it. The Bombardone appears to be an instrument of modern invention, of a deep intonation partaking of the bass qualities, both of the Bassoon and of the Ophecleide. Its compass extends three octaves from F two octaves below the bass clef to F above the baas staff. Some amateurs are of opinion that the Bombardone owes its origin from the ancient Bourdon, a kind of drone bass, a deep unchangeable sound, which formerly accompanied a melody or series of notes moving above it. In days gone by, the word Bourdon signified the drone of a bagpipe. We find also the term sometimes applied to the double diapason, or lowest stop, in French and German organs; but whatever may be the conjectures of amateurs on this point, it appears to us that the Bombardone is nothing more nor less than a magnificent improvement on the Bombardo, which was a wind instrument, much resembling the bassoon, formerly used as a bass to the hautboy. The Bombardone, therefore, although it cannot be considered the skeleton of the Bombardo, it may, from its extended compass and superior strength of tone, be justly termed the giant of the ancient race of Bombardoes.

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . .Ophecleides - Messrs T. Martin, Waterstone; Bombardone - Mr. Blackie . . .


Contralto, pianist, composer

Active Wollongong, NSW, by 1889 (NLE persistent identifier)


"CONCERT AT WOLLONGONG", Evening News (16 January 1889), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 September 1894), 45

"MISS SYLVIA BLACKSTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1904), 7

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1911), 6

"AUSTRALIA'S GREAT ONES OF THE STAGE", Arrow (9 November 1917), 3

BLAIR, David (David BLAIR)

Songwriter, journalist

Born County Monaghan, Ireland, 4 June 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1850 (per Clifton)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 February 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"AN ANTHEM FOR AUSTRALIA", The Argus (13 April 1852), 3 

"DAVID BLAIR BURSTING INTO SONG", Melbourne Punch (20 May 1869), 7 

BLAIR, Robert

Musicseller, stationer, general storeholder

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1852/3
Died Maitland, NSW, 18 September 1884


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 April 1858), 3

MUSIC! MUSIC!! SONGS.-Soon I'll Follow Thee. Maid of Judah. Rose Tree in full Bearing. Meet Me in the Willow Glen. Mary Blane. Rise, Gentle Moon. Irish Emigrant. Love not. A Letter from the Diggings. Jenny Lind's Songs of Fatherland. Is it a Dream. Ethiopian Melodies. I'm Afloat, I'm Afloat. The Corsair's Farewell. Ida. See from Ocean Rising. Old Folks at Home. Minute Gun at Sea. Happy Land. Australian Emigrant. Blind Man's Bride. Minstrel Boy. The Old Arm Chair. Oak and the Ivy. Norah, the Pride of Kildare. Red, White, and Blue. Pestal. Low Backed Car. Banks of Allen Water. The Rich Man's Bride. Awake my Love. I love the Merry Sunshine. The Lonely Harp. Art Thou in Tears. We Met by Chance. Ada Clare. Kate Kearney. Gentle Mother. Beautiful Venice. Cheer, Boys, Cheer. Savourneen Deelish. To Linger near Thee. Happy Birdling of the Forest. Agathe. The Harp that once. Sweetly o'er my Senses Stealing. Oh, Come to Me when Daylight Sets. Those Evening Bells. Mary of Argyle. Annie Laurie. Take back the Ring, Dear Jamie. Simon the Cellarer. I'm Thinking o'er the short sweet Hour. Young Lady's Dream. Woodman Spare that Tree. You ask Me if I Love You. Jeannette and Jeannot. Sad Sea Waves. Home, Sweet Home. Kathleen Mavourneen. She Wore a Wreath. It reminds Me of Thee. Yon Dark Neglected Sepulchre. Come Dwell with Me. Dig! Dig! Dig! A song to all Gold Diggers. The Preference. The Rose of Elderslie. We Loved, but to Part. Have we Met to Meet no More. Tell Him I love Him yet. To the Gold Fields, or the Song of the Emigrant. Meet Me in the Willow Glen. The Emigrant's Farewell. The Misletoe Bough. Away, Away, to the Mountain Brow. She is for from the Land. The Dark Hair'd Girl. The Fairest Flower. I'll Pray for Thee. Soon I'll follow Thee. I Rage, I Melt, I Burn. Honour and Army. Stars of the Summer Night. There's no Dearth in Kindness. Dudley Castle. Yes I have Dared to Love Thee. Pray for Those at Sea. The Angel's Voice. Love Makes the Home. No More Sea. Constance, Karin. - 2s. 6d. each.

Our National Defences. Katty Darling. Cushla Machree. Far o'er the Sea. Hearts and Homes. Terence's Farewell to Kathleen. The Englishman. Excelsior. I cannot Sing to-night. Home Sweet Home. Shells of Ocean. By Murray's Banks. Here, Hassan, Here.- 3s. each.

Tell me where is Fancy Bred. Still so Gently o'er Me Stealing. What are the Wild Waves Saving. My Pretty Page. I Know a Bank. Do not Mingle. As it Fell upon a Day. When a Little Farm we Keep. Hear me, Norma. Canadian Boat Song. All's Well. - 3s. 6d. each.

Sleep! My Eyelids Close. Smiles and Tears. The Tribute of a Tear. There be none of Beauty's Daughters. Oh! Ask not how I Love Thee. Write to me Love. The Bay of Biscay. Of all the Birds in Wood or Glen. My Fairest, Awake. Twilight Deepens O'er the Green. Come with Me and let us Wander. Mary of Castle Cary. Fairy Gold. Welcome Home. Days Pass on. The Music of the Past. Oh! Think no More of Me. The Fairest of the Fair. Bessie. Willie we have Missed You. Hark to the Wind upon the Hill. The Eglantine. One Faithful Heart. The Blind Girl's Lament. Good News from Home. Little Dorrit's Vigil. Under a Hedge. Willie. The Ship. Extravagance. I love the Lillies. Maud. - 2s. each.

POLKAS. - Sylph. The Boddington. The Violet, Pesth. The Bannockburn. The New Bloomer. The Irresistable. Prince Patrick's. The Dover. The Christmas Present. The Cornstalk. The Pic Nic. "La Favorita." Eglantine. The Royal Charlie. King Pippin. The Anonymous. Flora. The Ranger or Nepaulese. Sultan. Native Flower. The Australian Polka Mazurka. Lola Montes. Great Britain. The Konigsbugh. The Anniversary. Moonlight. Royal Charlie. Mary Callinack, 2s. 6d. each.

Ethiopian. Uncle Tom's Cabin. Adieu. The Crowns. The Oneida. The Birthday. "La Favorita" Temp Di. Great Britain. The Crystal Palace. The Melanio. The City of the Sultan. The Anglo French. The Cantineer. The Savoyard. The Bulgarian. - 3s each.

The Moonlight. Ethiopian. The Railway. Redowa. Camellia. Champagne. The Junk. - 1s. 6d. each.

Brecon. Bohemian. The Tindal. Beaufort. Her Majesty's Court. L'Entrain. The Nightingale, 1s. each.

WALTZES. - Chants D'Amour. The Royal Scotch. La Belle Catherine Alexander Romanoff. Marietta. The Greek Slave. The Gazelle. La Plui de Perles. -4s. each.

The Ladies of Sydney. Albertas. The Beaufort. Adrienne. Sydney Railway. The Montrose. The Constance. Rigoletto. Lisette. Grand Valse. Vilikins. The Marian. Dreams on the Ocean. Star of the Night - 3s. each.

Australian Bird, Chusan - 2s. 6d. each. Wild Flower. 1s. 6d.

QUADRILLES. - Chevalresque. Merry Old England. The Rats- 2s. 6d. each.

Rose Bay. The Lancers, De Punch. Brighton Season. Island of Jewels. Musards. La Favorita. Prince Rupert - 3s. each.

The Presidents. Ernani. Marco Spada. Edinburgh. Les Huguenots. Partant Pour la Syrie 3s. 6d. each. The Grand Exposition. The St. Leger. Banjo. Chatsworth - 4s. each.

SCHOTTISCHES. - Louisa, Cricket Match, The Nugget, 3s. each. The New Year's Gift, Avondale, Berliner, Eugenie, 3s. 6d. each. The Snowdrop, Victoria, Kitty, 1s. 6d. each.

GALLOPS - Simla, Gallop for Gold, 3s. each; Sturm March, Overland Mail, Matrimonial, Express, Veno, The 77th, The Queen's, 2s. 6d. each.

PIECES.- Raindrops in Australia, Australian Flowers. 3s. each; The Bird upon the Tree, 4s; Last Rose of Summer, 4s. 6d. Caledonian Wreath, 3s. The Reverie, 3s. Davidson's Music, 6d. per sheet, 4s. 6d. per dozen. Any of the above pieces of music forwarded by post for 2d. additional.

ROBERT BLAIR. Maitland, April 6th, 1858.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (20 September 1884), 1

"THE LATE MR. ROBERT BLAIR", The Maitland Mercury (20 September 1884), 4

"THE LATE ROBERT BLAIR", Singleton Argus (24 September 1884), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Val Rudkin (comp.), "Robert Blair (1819-1884) bookseller & stationer", Bulletin of Maitland and District Historical Society 20/2 (May 2013)



Active South Australia, 1859


"BLAKE v. CRESWICK", South Australian Register (22 September 1859), 3

For £10 10s, musician's bill . . . the plaintiff, who stated that he was a musician had played, according to the instructions of the defendant, at various places in the country. He had performed 26 nights altogether. The price agreed upon was 15s. per night.


Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

BLAKE, Michael (Michael BLAKE)

Dancing master, convict

Active NSW, c. 1833-37


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (10 May 1837), 365 

THE undermentioned Prisoners having absconded . . .
Blake Michael, Java, 33-3392, 25, Galway, indoor servant and dancing master, 5 feet 7 inches, ruddy comp., brown hair, light hazel eyes, scar over left eyebrow, scrofula marks on throat and right side of neck, blue dot back of right hand, scar on each shin, from J. West, Bathurst, since 24th April.

BLANCH, James (James BLANCH)

Amateur tenor vocalist, former convict, musical instrument repairer

Born England, 1784
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 January 1816 (as convict per Fanny)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1841, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Sydney Amateur Concerts 1826-27


At the Sydney Amateur Concert in July 1826, Blanch, making a first appearance, sang Braham's Dulce Domum. He repeated Dulce Domum at the 1827 Anniversary Dinner, and he and Barnett Levey provided songs for the 1831 dinner.

He was probably the James Blanch who arrived as a convict in 1816; who advertised as a "Mathematical and Philosophical Instrument Maker" in 1822; and later as a musical instrument repairer, brass founder, and ironmonger; and who died in 1841.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 February 1822), 2

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1826), 3

Mr. Blanch (a first appearance), gave Braham's delightful ballad of "Dulce Domum", in a manner which evinced, in his conception and execution, a style of uncommon purity and elegance, and manifested unquestionable pretensions to vocal excellence.

"Amateur Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 September 1826), 3

. . . A comic glee, When Arthur first at Court, by Messrs. Clark, Blanch, and Edwards, concluded the first part . . . Mr. Blanch sang the Thorn, with considerable taste and feeling.

"THE ANNIVERSARY DINNER", The Monitor (27 January 1827), 5

. . . A Patriotic song by Mr. Hill, and "Dulce Domum" by Mr. Blanch were greatly applauded, the style of singing of each being well adapted to his subject. Mr. Blanch certainly breathes forth sweet tones, which in the lofty new Court House sounded like a flute.

"AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 January 1831), 2

"DIED", The Sydney Monitor (1 November 1841), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Julian Holland, "James Blanch: Australia's first meteorologist?", The Australian Meteorologist 21 (May 2000), 3-4


Musician, vocalist, licensed singing master (VIC Department of Education)

Born London, England, 13 May 1837; son of John BLANCHARD and Ann HARRIS
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857
Died Deepdene, VIC, 11 September 1918, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Birth registration, Charles Blanchard, 1837, protestant dissenters birth registry; UK National Archives, RG 5/154 (PAYWALL)

. . . Charles son of John Blanchard, of London . . . Saddler, and Ann his wife (who was the daughter of William Harris of Alverstoke, in the county of Southampton, carpenter) was born at the house of the said John Blanchard, no. 35 Rapere Street, in London . . . on the thirteenth day of May 1837 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1857), 8

On Monday Evening, 10th February, At the Collingwood Assembly Hall, Gertrude-street.
Programme - Part I.
Glee and Chorus - "Village Choristers," Master C. Cooke, assisted by the Company.
Reading from Serjeant Talfourd's Tragedy of Ion - Mr. Hayward.
Duet, flute and piano - Messrs. Hornidge and Montague.
Song - "Farewell my Country," Mr. Izard.
Song- "Little Nell," Mrs. Andrews.
Song - "The Pilot," Mr. Blanchard.
Song - "Excelsior," Mrs. Goodliffe.
Glee - "Life's a Bumper," Messrs. Allen, Izard, and Blanchard.
Rule Britannia - By the Company.
Interval of Ten Minutes.
Part II.
Glee - "Awake AEolian Harp," Mrs. Goodliffe, Messrs. Tate, Allen, and Blanchard.
Collins's Ode to the Passions, "Daniels v. Dishclout," recitations - Mr. Hayward.
Song and flute obllgato - Mrs. Goodliffe, flute, Mr. Hornidge.
Song - "Women or England," Mr. Izard.
Glee - " Poculum," Messrs. Tate, Hornidge, Izard, andElliot.
Song- " Sweet Dream of Life," Mrs. Andrews.
The Witches' Glee - Messrs. Tate, Hornidge, and Blanchard.
Full Company - "Now Pray we for our Country."
God Save the Queen - By the Company.
Accompanist - Mr. Montague . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 September 1864), 8

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Argus (12 September 1866), 6

The second concert of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society for the present year was given last evening, in St. George's-hall . . . The first part consisted of Spohr's sublime and original oratorio of the "Last Judgment". It is about a quarter of a century since the late Edward Taylor Gresham, professor, translated the original into English, and presided over the performance of the oratorio in Norwich, and afterwards in all the principal towns in England. The impression created soon after by the works of Mendelssohn caused a partial eclipse of Spohr's works for some time, but the interest therein has revived, and the author's claims are now fairly appreciated. It is a bold enterprise for any but the most efficient choral societies to attempt to do strict justice to the productions of either of these modern masters, but the sudden, original, and surprising modulations and transitions which characterised Spohr, severely test the skill of performers, both vocal and instrumental; and this should be considered in any fair criticisms on the attempt. The society had to rely on local talent for the principal vocal parts. Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss M. Liddle, Mr. C. A. Donaldson, and Mr. Charles Blanchard, undertook nearly the whole of these, and as professional vocalists of high attainments were not accessible, we think the musical public should fairly appreciate the valuable aid of the amateur principals at such concerts . . . Mr. C. Blanchard gave the solos "I am the First and the Last," "I know, saith the Lord," and "Come, said a voice," with excellent effect . . .

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Argus (17 July 1867), 7

"SALE. Tuesday", The Argus (31 May 1876), 5

Mr. Charles Blanchard has been appointed by the Minister as singing master at the Sale, Maffra, and Stratford schools.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 September 1918), 1

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (10 October 1918), 4


Musician, pianist, vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by November 1853
Active Williamstown, VIC, until May 1857 or later (TROVE tagged)

With thanks to Duncan Taggart (NZ) for kindly sharing his research (2022)


? Names and descriptions of passengers per Northumberland, from London, 2 July 1853, for Port Phillip, October 1853; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Bland James / 30 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (26 November 1853), 8 

The third Grand Promenade Concert will take place On Saturday evening, Nov. 26th, 1853.
Mr. Alfred Oakey's celebrated Monster Orchestra, embracing all the talent available in Melbourne.
Madame Sara Flower, the Australian Nightingale.
First appearance of Mr. J. C. Bland, from Crosby Hall, London . . .
Leader - Mr. Tucker. Conductor - Mr. Alfred Oakey . . .

"SATURDAY EVENING CONCERTS", The Argus (26 November 1853), 5 

At the promenade concert to be given at Rowe's Circus this evening, in addition to the other attractions, a new debutant will make his appearance. He is Mr. J. C. Bland, of Crosby Hall, London. He is said to be an excellent singer of Henry Russell's descriptive songs, such as the Maniac, the Ship on Fire, &c. What with Mr. Bland, Madame Sara Flower, Miss Hartland, Mr. Walsh, and other vocalists, the lovers of good singing may will expect a feast.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (proprietor); Sara Flower (vocalist); Miss Hartland (vocalist); Charles Walsh (vocalist); Edward Tucker (violinist, leader); Alfred Oakey (pianist, conductor); Rowe's American Circus (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1855), 1 

MR. BLAND, pianist, is requested to call immediately on Alfred Oakey, at Rowe's American Circus.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1855), 8 

MR. BLAND, Pianist, you must decide at once respecting the purchase. Receive a letter where deposited.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 March 1855), 8 

PIANOFORTE, Rosewood Cottage, for Sale. Anything reasonable. Bland, Albert Hotel, Little Bourke-street, at twelve o'clock.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (3 October 1855), 3 

F. CARMAN, Proprietor of the GAMEKEEPER'S HOTEL, Geelong, having succeeded in engaging
Mr J. C. BLAND, the celebrated Pianist and Singer of Russell's Songs, from London,
begs to inform his friends and the public in general,
that Mr. J. C. Bland will preside at the pianoforte and sing every evening during the week until further notice.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (10 November 1855), 4 

GAMEKEEPERS HOTEL - Free Concert Room, Yarra-street, Geelong.
Mrs. Bartlett, Mr J. C. Bland, and Mr. John Cowan, the comic and local singer,
will sing every evening in the week until further notice, commencing at 7 o'clock each evening.
Prices of refreshment same as at the bar. Ladies admitted.
F. CARMAN, Proprietor

ASSOCIATIONS: John Cowan (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1856), 7 

NOTICE. - Mr. J. C. Bland is requested to communicate with James Stowe, 40th Regiment, and redeem his Dissolving Views; if not, they will be Sold after seven days from this date, as the agreement terminated on the 4th January.

"COUNTY COURT OF BOURKE. Monday, 25th August. £200 Jurisdiction . . . BLAND V. DOYLE", The Age (26 August 1856), 3 

For plaintiff, Mr. Newton; for defendant, Mr. Bindon.
An action to recover £16 wages due by a musical publican, at Sandridge, to plaintiff, a piano player, who led defendant's concerts, repaired his piano, putting new strings into it, and scraping grease off the sounding board. For the defence it was stated that defendant had paid plaintiff £6 for whatever work had been done. He had certainly tuned the piano, and got a pair of bellows to blow it, and that was the only work he had done besides playing, which he was not competent to do. His Honor said this was a case for the lower court, and should not have been brought before the assessors. Mr. Newton would take a nonsuit, which was granted with costs.

"WILLIAMSTOWN ATHENAEUM", Williamstown Chronicle (23 May 1857), 3 

On Tuesday evening last the members of the elocution class, recently formed in connection with this institution, followed up their initiatory Conversazione by another delightful entertainment of a similar character, and equally successful in aid of the funds of the "Williamstown Ladies' Benevolent Society." At half-past seven every available corner of the building was densely thronged by a highly respectable audience, embracing the leading residents of the town, with their families, and a few gentlemen from Melbourne, attracted, no doubt, by the success of the previous entertainment. The vocal part of the programme, albeit certain acoustic difficulties with which the amateurs had to contend, was pleasingly rendered, but we regret to say that the same apology cannot be urged on behalf of the pianoforte accompaniments; and here we may be allowed to observe, en passant, that nothing short of musical talent of a high order will suit the tastes of our "fishing villagers" . . .

"THE ATHENAEUM PERFORMANCES [To the Editor of the . . .]", Williamstown Chronicle (30 May 1857), 3-4 

Sir, - In the Chronicle of last week appeared a critique on the late performances at the Athenaeum, to which I beg respectfully to call your attention. Among other things you say, that "the vocal part of the programme, albeit certain acoustic difficulties with which the amateurs had to contend, was pleasingly rendered, but you were sorry to observe that the same apology could not be urged on behalf of the pianoforte accompaniments;" adding that "nothing short of musical talent of a high order would suit the tastes of the fishing villagers."

Now, Sir, I am not going to contradict your statements, either in regard to the style in which the vocal parts were rendered, or the "inimitable" manner in which the various characters were sustained. If the "villagers" are satisfied with what they got for their money, that I presume is all that is required, I can assure you I have no desire to see them other wise; on the contrary, I most heartily congratulate them upon the talent with which they were entertained. But with respect to myself as the individual who presided at the pianoforte, for whom you could offer no apology, and whom you dismissed with an intimation that "nothing short of musical talent of a high order would suffice," I beg to offer a few remarks by way of explaining the cause of my short-comings. In the first place, allow me to say, there was no rehearsal whatever previous to the performances. In the next place, the pianoforte was entirely out of tune. Then, I had not a particle of copy to play from, nor did I even know what pieces were intended to be presented until I received the printed programme, which was only an hour or two before the performances commenced. The only guide I had was a gentleman or two behind the proscenium now and then calling out "Give us a gig," "Soft music," "Something pathetic," &c., all of which I was expected to produce the instant the word of command [4] was given. These are facts which I challenge any man to contradict; and how it could be expected that I should keep time with men who could not keep time with themselves, or how it could be supposed that I, with an untuned instrument, should be able to play in unison with those who were constantly producing discords, I am at a loss to understand. When I tell you that I depend entirely on my profession for obtaining a livelihood, I hope you will not refuse to do me the justice of inserting this communication in the next issue of your journal.
Yours, respectfully, J. C. BLAND.
Williamstown, May 28th, 1857.

BLAZEY, William Ranger (William Ranger BLAZEY; W. R. BLAZEY)

Pianoforte maker, piano manufacturer

Born England, 29 January 1832; baptised Wymondham, Norfolk, 25 September 1835; son of ["William" and] Anne BLAZEY ("single woman")
Married Elizabeth Susan CLEMENTS (1831-1914), St. Pancras's chapel, London, 26 August 1854
Arrived Geelong, VIC, 9 July 1857 (per Carleton, from Liverpool, 3 April)
Died Fawkner, VIC, 5 July 1904, aged "71/72" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Wymondham in the county of Norfolk in the year 1835; register 1834-57, page 27; Norfolk Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 210 / Bap'd Sep'r 25th / Born Jan'y 29th 1832 / William Rainger Son of / Anne / Blazey / Towngreen / Single Woman . . .

1854, marriage solemnized at St. Pancras Church in the Parish of St. Pancras in the county of Middlesex; register 1853-55, page 211; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 422 / Aug'st 26 / William Ranger Blazey / full [age] / Bachelor / Piano-forte Maker / William St. / [son of] William Blazey dead
Elizabeth Susan Clements / full [age] / Spinster / - / [William St.] / [daughter of] William Clements / MErchant's clerk. . .

List of passengers per Carleton, from Liverpool, 3 April 1857, arrived at Geelong, 9 July 1857; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Blazey William / Carpenter / Norfolk / 23 / Engaged at trade in Geelong at 12/- per day
Elizabeth / 25 // Alice / 1 // Leonard / Inf.

"SHIPPING . . . IMPORTS", The Age (11 August 1860), 4 

"THE VICTORIAN EXHIBITION TO TAKE PLACE IN OCTOBER . . . MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Colonial Mining Journal, Railway and Share Gazette and Illustrated Record [Melbourne, VIC] (8 August 1861), 182 

Mr. Blagey [sic], Colonial-made Piano.
" Devereux, Colonial-made Stringed Musical Instruments of various kinds.
" P. Terliki, Colonial-made Piano.
" Wilkie, Colonial-made Piano.
" H. C. Nicholas, one Six-stop Harmonium in Blackwood and Huon Pine; one Three-stop Harmonium in Cedar Case.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Devereux (violin maker); Peter Terlecki (pianoforte maker); Joseph Wilkie (pianoforte maker); Henry Chatterton Nicholas (harmonium maker)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (28 August 1861), 5 

The contributions from this colony to the Great Exhibition of 1862, promise at present to be both varied and numerous. Amongst the exhibits for which applications for space were sent in, during the week ending the 26th inst., may be mentioned . . . a pianoforte, of colonial woods, from Mr. Wm. R. Blazey . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 August 1861), 8 

W. BLAZEY, Bridge-road, Richmond, PIANOFORTE-MAKER, From Kirkman's, London, Tunes and repairs pianofortes. London prices.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Kirkman (London pianoforte maker)

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1861), 3 

W. BLAZEY, PIANOFORTE MAKER, 12 years practical finisher and regulator for Kirkman and Son, Nutting and Addison, and D'Almaine of London. Pianofortes tuned and repaired at London prices. 14 Bridge-road, Richmond.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1861), 8 

TWO splendid walnutwood PIANOFORTES, Broadwood model, for SALE Blazey, pianoforte maker, 11 Bridge-road, Richmond.

[News], The Argus (4 August 1862), 5 

Our attention has been directed to a pianoforte which has been made to order by Mr. Blazey, pianoforte manufacturer, 14 Bridge-road, Richmond. It is is a cottage piano of full compass - six and seven-eighths octaves - and appears as complete and perfect in its mechanism as it could possibly be. It possesses a brilliant tone; and several musicians, both professors and amateurs, who have tested its capabilities speak of it as a very fine instrument. The wooden portion of it, with the exception of the sounding-board, which is pine, is made of blackwood, grown at Ferntree Gully. The whole instrument is of colonial manufacture, and is a credit to the maker, Mr. Blazey, who, it may be remembered, obtained a first-class certificate at the Victorian Exhibition for the first piano of colonial wood made in this colony.

[News], The Argus (22 January 1863), 5 

The musical and music-loving portion of the community will no doubt be glad to learn that the manufacture of pianofortes is gradually becoming an important branch of colonial industries, and that first-class pianos can be made here at such reasonable prices, that probably in a short time the difficulty which has been experienced in obtaining good instruments, except at a very considerable outlay of money, will be removed. We recently noticed a fine piano which had been made by Mr. Blazey, of Bridge-road, Richmond, a gentleman who had the honour of sending to the Victorian Exhibition the first pianoforte made of colonial wood and our attention has this week been directed to another piano by the same maker. It is a semi cottage, of the full compass six and seven-eighths octaves. The case is constructed entirely of solid blackwood, and it has a very handsome appearance, though it has been designed for substantial service rather than mere ornament. The mechanism has been carefully and ably constructed, and the tone of the instrument is exceedingly rich and mellow. It possesses a delicate touch, and is altogether an excellent piano - a credit alike to colonial industry and to the maker.

[News], The Argus (7 May 1863), 5 

A very fine piccolo piano has just been completed by Mr. W. Blazey, of Bridge-road, Richmond. It combines strength and purity of tone in a high degree; and though not put in comparison with a Collard or Erard - to the cost of which its price is comparatively small - his fully as good an instrument as a piano of a similar description made by any of the second-class English makers. The manufacture of colonial pianofortes is no longer a novelty, and it is highly creditable to those who have embarked in this branch of industry that, without any protective tariff, they are able to produce instruments of such a quality, and at such a reasonable price as to compete with imported pianos. The instrument in question is made of colonial blackwood, and almost every detail of it is colonial workmanship. Even the keys, which have hitherto always been imported, have been made in the colony, and are quite as good as those of English make. In strength and durability colonial pianos are found to be much superior to those made in England or other countries, and are specially adapted to withstand the influence of the hot-winds of summer.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 April 1864), 8 

COLONIAL PIANOFORTES. - W. R. Blazey having had 10 years' practical experience, begs to remind the purchasers of instruments that he manufactures in the Bridge-road, Richmond, at prices varying from £33 and upwards.
Awarded first-class certificate for the first pianoforte manufactured of colonial woods in the colony.

[News], The Argus (29 November 1864), 5 

Mr. Wm. Blazey, of Bridge-road, Richmond, who exhibited the first pianoforte made of colonial wood at the Victorian Exhibition of 1861, has recently introduced a description of wood for the exterior of pianos which has not hitherto been employed for that purpose. Blackwood has generally been used, and the pianos made of that wood have a very handsome appearance; but the new wood - dogwood - is still more beautiful, being equal in effect to the beat English walnut, which it closely resembles in general appearance. A visit to Mr. Blazey's workshop on Saturday brought under our notice two instruments, superior in quality to many of the pianofortes imported from England. With the exception of the wire, felt, and iron work, the whole of the instruments are formed of colonial products, and even these were prepared by Mr. Blazey from imported raw materials, so that the term "colonial manufacture" may be strictly applied to these instruments. Mr. C. E. Horsley, whose talents as a musician give weight to his opinion, tested the pianos, and pronounced that their tone and touch were unexceptionable. These instruments are manufactured specially for durability in hot climates. Mr. Blazey has been engaged in the manufacture of pianos here for the last three years; and, in addition to supplying a large number for colonial use, he has also been enabled to lay the foundation of an export trade in these article, having made one to order for a gentleman at Java. It speaks highly for his enterprise that, unassisted by the capital of a large firm, and working under many difficulties and much opposition, he is able to produce such excellent instruments as he has turned out of his manufactory.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (pianist)


We understand that the board appointed to consider the claims which were sent in for a share of the £5000 voted by the Legislature as premiums for the introduction of new industries have concluded their labors, and will shortly present their report to the Legislature. Altogether there were fifty-eight applications sent in for rewards, but a large number of them were at once disallowed as not coming within the scope of the intention of Parliament, which was held by the board to limit the rewards to such parties as had successfully initiated new industries subsequent to the passing of the vote. After repeated considerations of the applications sent in, it was resolved that the premiums to be awarded should be of three classes, the first-class premium to be in amount £100, the second £50, and the third £25 . . . Mr. W. R. Blazey, pianoforte manufacturer . . . will be recommended for third-class certificates of £25 each . . .

[News], The Argus (2 February 1865), 4-5 

In compliance with an advertisement calling a meeting of gentlemen favourable to the establishment of a society for the promotion of arts and manufactures, and for the development and introduction of new industries, about a dozen gentlemen interested in these objects assembled yesterday [5] afternoon at the Duke of Rothsay Hotel, Elizabeth-street. Mr. N. Chevalier was called to the chair . . . Mr. Blazey followed, saying he thought that if a protective tariff would advance their interests, the society should support it. This gave rise to a long discussion, in which Mr. Gibbons, to test the feeling of the meeting moved the addition to the resolution of the words "Such objects to be pursued by other than political means." This was carried by the casting vote of the chairman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nicholas Chevalier (chair)

[News], The Kyneton Observer (21 February 1865), 2 

We are requested to call the attention of parties requiring pianofortes tuned to the fact that Mr. R. Blazey will be in Kyneton on the 27th, and in Woodend on the 28th, for the purpose of tuning and repairing pianofortes. Mr. Blazey was awarded the Government grant for establishment of the first pianoforte manufactory in Victoria, and his visit will doubtless be an acquisition to those whose pianofortes need seeing to. Orders left at Mr. Prebble's, Piper-street, and Fitzsimmons' Hotel, Woodend, will be attended to.

"INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS AT RICHMOND", The Argus (5 December 1865), 6 

. . . At the east end of the road, near Hawthorn bridge, a new and important branch of industry - namely, the making of organs - has been instituted by Mr. George Fincham . . . The musical instruments which are made in the borough of Richmond are not limited to organs. The manufacture of pianofortes has long been carried on in Bridge-road, by Mr. W. R. Blazey, who obtained a certificate at the Victorian Exhibition in 1861, for the first pianoforte made of colonial wood, and also a portion of the £5,000 granted by Government in 1864, for the encouragement of new industries, as a recognition of his labours in the introduction of this branch of industry. The superiority of colonial-made pianos over English ones, in a hot climate like that of Victoria, is now generally admitted. With the exception of the felt on the hammers, the ivory keys, and the wire, every portion of the piano is now made by Mr. Blazey. Blackwood makes a handsome-looking and durable case for the instruments, but two other descriptions of wood have also been adopted by Mr. Blazey - namely, dogwood and muskwood. They are both found in the Dandenong Ranges, and when polished, closely resemble walnut, the latter being especially beautiful. Muskwood we understand, is now exported in considerable quantities to England, where it is highly-esteemed for fancy cabinet work. Mr. Blazey, besides making pianos for use in Victoria, has also made some to order for exportation to Java, Queensland, and New Zealand; and the steady increase of his business at Richmond has induced him recently to open a show-room in Collins-street. It should be remembered that the increase of the manufacture of colonial pianofortes, of which this is only one instance, has taken place without any protection beyond that afforded by the long voyage between England and Victoria . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Fincham (organ builder)

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1866), 7 

PIANOFORTES and HARMONIUMS, cheap. Blazey's pianoforte rooms, Mechanics' Institute, Collins-street. Pianofortes tuned and repaired.

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (22 December 1866), 5 

. . . The smaller exhibits of Mr. W. R. Blazey, of Richmond, are additional evidence of the secure foundation of this new industry. A fine-looking piano, in a muskwood case, priced at £40. seems highly finished, but it was locked and we had no opportunity of trying its tone. A smaller one, of less costly material outside, and designated the "artisans' colonial piano," reflects credit on the maker, who puts it and similar pianos into the market at the low price of £30. It has evidently excited so much curiosity that free handling has temporarily injured its tone. Mr. Blazey is, it appears, the pioneer of the trade in Victoria, and deserves honour as well as the profit which we are glad to know he has obtained on that account. He has been awarded a first class certificate for the first piano of colonial woods made in the colony, a Government grant of money for the establishment of pianoforte making in Victoria, and another Government grant for the introduction of Victorian musk wood into piano manufacture . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (7 July 1904), 1 

BLAZEY. - On the 5th July, at his late residence, Fawkner, William Ranger, beloved husband of Elizabeth Blazey, and father of Mrs. Dines, Mrs. R. Mann, Mrs. Rainsford, Mrs. Latimer, Ernest C., and Charles C. Blazey, aged 71 years, late of Richmond. (By request, no flowers.)

"Obituary. Wm. Ranger Blazey", Richmond Guardian (9 July 1904), 2 

We regret to record the death on Tuesday evening, at the age of 71, of Mr. William Ranger Blazey, husband of Mrs. E. Blazey, and father of Mr. C. C. Blazey (our esteemed Town Clerk), Mr. Ernest C. Blazey (Superintendent of the Melbourne Railway Yards), Mrs. Dines, Mrs. Ransford, Mrs. Latimer, and Mrs. R. Mann. His death removes from our midst one of the oldest residents of Richmond, and one who was intimately connected with the early rise and progress of the district. Mr. Blazey's association with Richmond dates back for 46 years, and next month (if he had lived) it was the intention of his family to have had a little celebration at his home of the 50th year of his marriage with his worthy life partner, who (we are pleased to say) bears her years well, and, has so far been blessed with excellent health. The deceased gentleman was a great sufferer from rheumatism: but, nevertheless, maintained his characteristic good humor until nearly the last.

He was one of the hardy pioneers, free and independent, of a very sociable nature, and had a vein of humor in his composition that never failed to point an argument, or brighten up the conver[sa]tion with a jocular incident or reminiscence. He was generally to the fore at election times, and has taken part in many a keenly-fought Parliamentary and municipal battle; he was a great supporter of the late Hon. J. G. Francis in the stirring times of that period, and more recently of the late Mr. Joseph Bosisto, and other well-known public men. In the early days, in March, 1869, when assessors used to be appointed, he was elected an assessor for Richmond in conjunction with Mr. G. C. Adcock, and in the records of that time names of a number of once prominent citizens (now dead) appear side by side with his. Social and friendly society matters used also to receive his attention; he was one of the earliest members (if not one of the founders) of Court Robin Hood, Foresters, and held the position of trustee for many years, and was a P.C.R. of the lodge, also a Past Master of the Collingwood Lodge of Freemasons. He first resided in Buckingham-street, then afterwards in Bridge-road, where he carried on the manufacture of pianofortes. He built the first piano in Victoria of colonial woods, and exhibited it at the Exhibition of 1861, and, judging by the flattering notices in the daily papers at that time, the instrument was a noteworthy one; in 1864, Parliament passed a special vote in recognition of meritorious exhibits at the Exhibition, and he received, in addition to Exhibition honours, an award of £25 for this piano, the late Mr. Bosisto also receiving an award at same time for his exhibits. The late Mr. Blazey was a member of the old East Melbourne Volunteer Force, and Cr. Jago was associated with him in the 70s in this force, and many a joke the two veterans cracked together.

The death took place at Fawkner, Moreland, where deceased and his wife had been living for some time past, and the remains were removed to Mr. C. C. Blazey's residence, Lennox-street, from whence they were conveyed on Thursday afternoon to their last resting-place, the Boroondara Cemetery, the funeral cortege being a long one, and comprising old Richmond identities, a great many friends of the deceased and his family, most of the councillors and council employees. The Rev. A. Hardie officiated at the grave. The pall-bearers were - The Mayor (Cr. Crawcour), Cr. Jago, Messrs. R. H. Henderson, J. C. Brown, R. Clay, W. Arnold, S. Harris, and W. G. Swift. Mr. H. King, carried out the mortuary arrangements.


Musician, bandsman, band sergeant (1815-16), late "master", Band of the 48th Regiment

Born Belfast, Ireland, 2 May 1784; son of William BLIZZARD (BLIZARD), 48th Regiment
Enlisted 48th Regiment, Island of St. Vincent, 23 April 1793
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1817 (per Matilda, from Cork, 22 March)
Discharged 48th Regiment, Sydney, NSW, 25/26 April 1823
Died Bathurst, NSW, 19 February 1832 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 48th Regiment (military)


William Blizzard was born in Belfast on 2 May 1784, and enlisted in the 48th in Regiment in 1793 at St. Vincent, in the West Indies, as a 9-year-old drummer, his father, also William, a bandsman, and later master of the band.

Blizzard later recollected that during his decades of service "in various climes", he "suffered great and severe privations, extreme hardships, and captivity". Amongst battles he was engaged in, he noted the attempted recapture of the island of St. Lucia in April 1796 under Ralph Abercromby, the breaking of the siege of Malta in 1800, and "several other campaigns during the late memorable war", in the Peninsula and France between 1809 and 1814.

The regiment returned to Cork later in 1814, and there Blizzard was promoted to corporal, and, for a little over a year in 1815-16, sergeant "master of the band"; if the band was typically consituted, he was probably, therefore, a performer on the clarinet or oboe. However, well before the regiment set sail for Australia on 22 March 1817, Blizzard had been demoted again to private, and replaced as band sergeant by John Leonard (who was succeed in Australia by sergeant John Reed). Therefore, though he may well still have been one the band's leading musicians, and perhaps even effectively its leader, he did not officially serve as "master" in Australia.

Blizzard and the rest of the band arrived in Sydney with the headquarters of the regiment on the Matilda in August 1817.

As a bandsman, Blizzard would have played for functions held by John Piper in 1819 and 1820. Given this association, it is possible that he was later a member, perhaps even "master", of Piper's "Band of music" in Sydney and/or later in Bathurst.

Having taken his discharge in April 1823, Blizzard remained in NSW, and, while living in Sydney in June 1825, received a grant of 100 acres of land. He was appointed a police constable in Sydney in January 1828, but resigned a year later. He was active as a freemason (Lodge of Australia No. 820, English Constitution, 6 April, 1829).

He was granted the license of the Golden Fleece Inn, at "Old Bathurst" (Kelso), in June-July 1831, and died there on 19 February 1832 intestate.


Pay-list of the Forty Eighth Regiment of Foot from 25 October 1815 to 24 March 1816 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Serjeants . . . Blizzard Wm. / Band . . .

Pay-list of the Forty Eighth Regiment of Foot from 25 September to 24 December 1816 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Serjeants . . . Leonard Jno / Band . . . (DIGITISED)

Privates . . . Blizzard W'm / Band . . .
Discharge, William Blizzard, Sydney, 25 June 1823; UK National Archives, WO 96/622/46/1

Pay-list of the Forty Eighth Regiment of Foot from 25 March to 24 September 1817 [shipboard to 7 August] (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Drum-Major as Serjeant / Sculley Mic'l . . .
Leonard John / . . . (DIGITISED)

Privates . . . Blizzard Will'm . . .

Discharge, William Blizzard, Sydney, 25 June 1823; UK National Archives, WO 96/622/46/1-2 (PAYWALL)

26 / 4 / '23 / His Majesty's 48th Regiment of Foot . . . to certify that Private Wm. Blizzard Born in the Parish of Belfast in or near the Town of Belfast in the County of Down was enlisted for the aforesaid Regiment at St. Vincents in the W. Indies on the 23'd Day of April 1793 at the age of Nine Years for Unlimited Service . . .
Statement of Service [added in pencil: Born 2 / 5 / 84 ] [As] Serjeant 1 yr 119 days / Corporal 1 yr 356 days / [service before the age of 18] 9 yrs . . .
He is hereby discharged in consequence of General debility & length of Service . . .
That his general conduct as a soldier has been Good . . .
To prevent any improper use being made of this discahrge . . .
Private William Blizzard is about [39] years of age, is Five foot Eight Inches in Height, Light Hair, Grey Eyes, Fair Complexion, and by Trade or Occupation [blank]
Given . . . at Sydney New South Wales this [25 June 1823] / G. Cimitiere, Lt. Col & Major 48th regt. Commander.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gilbert Cimitiere (commander)

Memorial, William Blizzard, 1825; State Records Authority of NSW, 1

Memorial, William Blizzard, 1825; State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

To His Excellencty Sir Tho's Brisbane, K.C.B., Governor of New South Wales &c &c &c

The Petition of William Blizard late of His Majesty's 28th Reg. of Foot, Sydney, Most Humbly Sheweth -

That Petitioner enlisted in the Island of St. Vincent's is parents being in the 48th Reg't his father having discharged the duty of Band Master, with credit and repute, and as Petitioner was born in said Reg't, he some years afterwards was promoted to the same situation of his father, which he endeavoured to fulfil with the like character his father maintained through life.

That Petitioner having enlisted in 1793 and at his own request dischanged in the Colony with a pension in May 1824 [sic], as he was permitted to remain on the pension list till that period. Petitioner begs leave humbly to state to your Excellency that during a period of 30 years servitude in various climes, he suffered great and severe privations, extreme hardships, and captivity. Pet'n'r was persent at the following gallant exploits (viz) taking of St. Lucie 1796, under Sir R. Abercrombie, Surrender of Malta under Gen'l Vallets in 1800, and several other campaigns during the late memorable war.

That Petitioner most humbly begs leave to recall to your Excell'y's recollection about two years ago at an inspection of his [verso] late corps, Col. Cilmetiere was so kind as to mention to your Excell'y that in the event of Petitioner remaining in the Colony Peti'n'r was deserving of every indulgence from his long servitude and propriety of conduct which Col. C. has certified in a document transmitted herewith.

That Petitioner has borne a most irreproachable character, both in the army and since his discharge in this Colony, and having maturely considered the hardships of the times in England, and the spirit of emigration the consequence of the same, most humbly hopes, your Excellency will consider his long privations, sufferings, and servitude for the long period of 30 years in the same Reg't in which he was born, and allow him to become a settler, by granting him such portion of Land, and indulgencies attached thereto as to your Excellency may seem meet, and should Petitioner be so fortunate he means to spend his days in the Colony. For his general character in the army and since his discharge, he begs leave to refer to the Documents and signatures hereto. And Petitioner will ever pray. Will'm Blizard.

I beg to recommend this petitioner to the favourable consideration of his Excellency the Governor [signature, ? Piper]

[on outer] Answ'd. 2nd June 1825.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Brisbane (governor); Gilbert Cimitiere (commander of regiment from 1823)

Memorial, William Blizzard, 1825; State Records Authority of NSW, 2

"Government Notice", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 January 1828), 1

Colonial Secretary's Office, 25th January, 1828.
HIS EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR has been pleased to approve of the following Alterations in the Police of the Colony;
SYDNEY. Constables appointed . . . William Blizzard, per Matilda, (came free,) on the 8th [Instant] . . .

"Government Notice", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1829), 1 

SYDNEY . . . Constables resigned . . . William Blizard, on the 7th Ultimo . . .

"BATHURST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1831), 3 

. . . At all events, Bathurst travellers will have no reason to complain of houses of accommodation to put up at; and so long as a smart opposition is carried on, will be respectably accommodated at decently moderate charges. The licenses were granted to the following persons, with the several signs:
Mr. Thomas Kite - Dunn Cow.
[Mr.] James Blizard - Golden Fleece.
[Mr.] Richard Mills - King William . . .

"BATHURST [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT], Thursday, February 23, 1832", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 February 1832), 3

Died. On Saturday, after a short illness, Mr. William Blizard, landlord of the Golden Fleece Inn, and formerly Master of the Band of H. M. 48th Regiment. The deceased has left behind him the reputation of a good soldier, and an honest man.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (28 March 1832), 38 

THE REGISTRAR of the SUPREME COURT requests, that all Persons having Claims upon the undermentioned INTESTATE ESTATES will, forthwith, address to him the Particulars thereof ; viz.: . . .
WILLIAM BLIZARD, late of Bathurst, Publican . . .
Supreme Court Registry Office, March 28, 1832.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1832), 1 

BY MR LISCOMBE, On the Premises in Bathurst, by order of the Registrar of the Supreme Court, on the 4th day of May, at Noon, THE unexpired Term of Years in that flourishing Establishment called
together with the subsisting Licence as a Public-house, and all the stock in trade, household furniture, and other effects belonging to the deceased.
Terms of sale - Under £30, cash above that sum, an approved bill at 3 months.

[Advertisement], Hill's Life in New South Wales (7 September 1832), 1 

belonging to the Undermentioned Persons, Deceased, Intestate . . .
William Blizard / Publican, Bathurst / [monies received] 83 19 3 / [payments made] 15 0 7 / [supposed value of personal estate] 90 0 8 running bills / [balance against registrar] 68 18 8

[Notice], The Sydney Monitor (29 January 1838), 2 

. . . Blizard William, Bathurst, received £123 19s 11d, paid £107 11s 8d against registrar £16 8s 3d . . .

"ESTATES OF DECEASED INTESTATES", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1843), 3 

. . . 7. William Blizard; Bathurst; £1 7s. 8d.; died about 7th February, 1832 [sic]; late publican, at Bathurst . . .


Re William Blizzard, 22 Devcember 1820, and 2 June 1825; Colonial secretary's papers, 1788-1825; State records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Private William Blizzard", Australia's red coat regiments (archived at NLA Pandora) (DIGITISED)


Musician, cornopean and cornet-a-piston player, ? vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853; ? Ballarat, VIC, 1857 (W. Vidler BLOOR) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1853), 1

PUBLIC NOTICE. GOORE & BELLAMY'S MELBOURNE COAL HOLE. MANCHESTER INN, OPPOSITE THE THE THEATRE. Open every evening, at Eight o'clock, for Comic Singing and Glees . . . Mr. John Gregg (late of the Cider Cellars and Drury Lane Theatre), the eminent Basso . . . Cornopean player - Mr. Bloor. Pianists - Hamilton and Waller. Chairman - Mr. John Gregg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12

. . . Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. Bloor. Pianists - Hamilton and Waller. Melbourne Coal Hole, opposite the Theatre.

? "BAKERY HILL SOIREE", The Star (30 June 1857), 3

. . . Mr. Chancy then gave "Lord Lovel," in a very ix this amusing fashion, and the laughter of the audience, which was kept up while Mr. Bloor followed with the "Laird o' Cockpen," and a droll thing in Yankee brogue about "My Grandfather" and his "facts" . . .

BLOXHAM, Ada (Ada Beatrice BLOXHAM)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, teacher of singing and Sol-fa

Born Jolimont, East Melbourne, VIC, 13 July 1865



Summary (after Stevens, with additions):

Bloxham was a pupil of Emily Patton in Melbourne, from whom she learnt Tonic Sol-fa. She won the first Clarke Scholarship to the newly-established Royal College of Music in London where she spent four years studying with Madame Otto Goldschmidt (Jenny Lind) and gained the Associate diploma (ARCM).

She returned to Melbourne in mid-1888, and made her debut return at a Saturday popular concert in Cowen's Centennial Exhibition concert series in August. She practised at a teacher in Coburg before going to Japan where she taught Tonic Sol-fa with Emily Patton at Yokohama and in Tokyo. She then went to South Africa where she married in 1901 (Mrs. John Edwin Palmer). By 1912 she was teaching Tonic Sol-fa in the south of England but returned to South Africa in the early 1920s, resuming her Tonic Sol-fa teaching at Durban.


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1880), 8

"SIR W. J. CLARKE MUSICAL SCHOLARSHIP", Illustrated Australian News (21 February 1883), 27

"MISS ADA BEATRICE BLOXHAM", The Australian Sketcher (11 April 1883), 58

[News], The Argus (12 February 1887), 8

"SPECIAL TELEGRAMS", The Argus (21 May 1888), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1888), 20


"THE TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Argus (8 October 1888), 10

Bibliography and resources:

Biographical notes by Robin S. Stevens (from now deleted webpage "")


Music printer and lithographer

Born Ireland, c.1819
Arrived Wellington, NZ, 23 April 1841 (per Olympus from Gravesend, 9 December 1840)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1841 (? per Lalla Rook)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by mid 1843
Departed Hobart, VDL (TAS), late 1844 (for Hong Kong)
Died London, 11 May 1846, aged 27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also checklist of sheet music prints:


Bluett arrived in Sydney via New Zealand late in 1841. The inscription "T. Bluet. Print." appears with the picture engraving on the cover of the undated Savourneen deelish for Francis Ellard, and very early in 1843 for Isaac Nathan he lithographed the songs Australia the wide and the free and The Aboriginal father. In 1842, with Thomas Liley, he produced at least one printed map signed "Liley & Bluet Lithographers", and the presence of the same handwriting in both Bluett's and Liley's prints for Nathan suggests that they were all perhaps at least partly joint productions.

Bluett moved on to Hobart by mid-1843, where he worked for James A. Thomson, and thus probably had a hand in Thomson's edition of John Howson's first set of Tasmanian waltzes in July. By October, he was advertising in his own name offering "Lithographic Drawings, Maps, Plans, Music . . . &c." and it may have been him who issued John Howson's second set of Tasmanian waltzes in November.

His last known musical print in March 1844 was Joseph Gautrot's Josephian hymn.

Bluett was in Hong Kong by late March 1845. He died in London in May 1846 as the result of an accidental gunshot wound.

My thanks to Paul Barton for sharing his research findings.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 May 1842), 3 

IF THOMAS BLEWITT, Lithographer, lately arrived in the Colony, will call at Messrs. Moffitt and Co.'s, Pitt-street, he will hear of something to his advantage.

[Unclaimed letters], Australasian Chronicle (11 July 1843), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 October 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 November 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 November 1843), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (19 March 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 April 1844), 3

"SACRED MUSIC", The Courier (5 April 1844), 2

[British news], Launceston Examiner (29 August 1846), 3 

A most extraordinary assault, of a murderous tendency, whatever the intention may have been, was committed in Drury Lane. Thomas Blewitt, a young married man, was returning to his lodging in White Horse Yard, Drury Lane, about half-past eight o'clock, when, as he approached Prince's Street, a youth fired a pistol at him, wounding him in the chest. The wounded man was taken to Charing Cross Hospital; where it was found that a bullet had passed through the thorax. After the youth had fired at Blewitt, he ran up Drury Lane. He was met and seized by a Police man, who had been attracted by the smoke and noise, and was hastening towards Prince's Street: but the lad exclaimed that a pistol had gone off by accident; and as the crowd were calling out that a man had shot himself, the Policeman let him go.

[News], The Courier (31 October 1846), 3

The trial of John Graham for shooting Thomas Bluett, ended in his acquittal, on the ground that it was accidental. Mr. Bluett, we believe, was at one period resident in Hobart Town, occupying premises in Liverpool-street.

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 139 (DIGITISED)

Paul Barton, "Thomas Bluett, lithographer", Australiana (May 2006), 20-26

"Thomas Bluett", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

BLUME, J. F. (Herr F. BLUME; Sig. BLUME; Professor BLUME, P. BLUME)

Clarionet, oboe, and cornet player, band leader

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853



Active Bendigo, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1853), 8 

THE ARGYLE ROOMS. THE SPLENDID SALOON at the Royal Exchange Hotel, Collins-street, west, will be opened on or about Monday next, of which due notice will be given. These rooms will be under the management of the celebrated Herr J. F. Blume, and have been fitted up regardless of expense. The band, sixteen in number, is composed of the best musicians in Melbourne, and with the assistance of Professor Thompson, they will be qualified to give general satisfaction. On Monday nights a German Ball will be given . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1853), 5 

DANCE! DANCE! DANCE! A New and Interesting Attraction. THE Argyle Ball Rooms, at the Royal Exchange, Collins-street, will be opened this evening for the first time, and will be continued nightly . . . The band will be conducted by Herr F. Blume, and being principally composed of German musicians, may be depended upon as good . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 5 

ROYAL EXCHANGE HOTEL, Great Collins-street, TEMPLE OF HARMONY . . . Male Vocalists: Mr. McLaren, the celebrated Chin Melodist; Mr. Riley, Comic; Mr. James, the popular Negro Vocalist; Mr. Charlton, Ballad singer; Mr. Bruce, Tenor; Mr. Hamilton, Sentimental; Pianist, Mr. Thompson; Leader of the Band, Professor Blume; Barritone, Mr. Green; Comic Bass, M. Zeigler; Piston and Oboe, P. Blume; 1st Violin, Mr. Pagon, 2nd. do. Mr. Thompson.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12 

SECOND GRAND CONCERT. MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY, Protestant Hall, THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, 27th April. Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Graham (her second appearance); Mr. Moran. Leader - Mr. F. Fischer. Director - Mr. G. Chapman. THE Band will consist of the following talented performers: Violins - Mr. A. Fischer, Mr. Strebinger, Mr. Thomson; Viola - Mr Thomas; Basso - Mr. C. Elza and Mr. Hardman; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr G. Chapman; Clarionet and Oboe - Sig. Blume; Flute- Mr. Rosenstengel. Pianoforte - Mr. Hertz and Mr. Thomson . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1857), 1 

ASHTON'S ROYAL OLYMPIAN CIRCUS, Market-square, Sandhurst, WILL OPEN THIS EVENING, 3rd. NOVEMBER . . . The evening's entertainment will be enlivened by a a German Band, consisting of the following seven performers : - Herr F. Weedir, Herr H. Blume, Herr H. Scheoder, Herr Schetie, Herr Struze, and Herr Robins . . .

BLUNDELL, James John

Member and treasurer, Melbourne Philharmonic Society, stationer, printer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855


"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (4 January 1856), 5 

The second annual meeting of this society was held yesterday evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institution. The meeting was very well attended, though apologies for absence were received from the President of the Society, Mr. Justice Barry, and the Vice-President, the Rev. Mr. Jarrett. Mr. Russell was voted to the chair, and called upon the Hon. Secretary, Mr. G. B. Richardson, to read the report, which he did as follows - . . .

The election of office-bearers for the ensuing year was made . . . Mr. Justice Barry was re-elected president . . . The Rev. Mr. Jarrett and Captain Pasley were appointed vice-presidents. The further offices were filled up as follows: - Conductor, Mr. Russell; leader, Mr. Griffiths; organist, Mr. Goold; treasurer, Mr. J. J. Blundell; librarîan, Mr. Stead; honorary secretary, Mr. G. B. Richardson . . . committee for the ensuing year:- W. G. Dredge; Thomas Ewart; Richard Bradford; Thomas Holme Davis; Benjamin Horton; W. H. Williams; E. Keep; Joseph Edwards . . .

"DEATHS", The Australasian (9 December 1876), 26 

BLUNDELL. - On the 8th inst., at his residence, Church-street, Brighton, James John Blundell, sen., aged 67 years.

BOAM, Phillip Barnett (Phillip Barnett BOAM; Mr. BOANS [sic], BOAN [sic])

Theatre musician, orchestra leader, violinist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855; Sydney, NSW, until 1866


"Mr. Boam's Celebrated Quadrille Band" was active in Melbourne in 1854, and Boam was leader of the orchestra at Sydney's Royal Lyceum Theatre in March 1855, the proprietor even taking out an advertisement warning off poachers:

Caution. I, AUGUSTUS LEOPOLDT, having, by written agreement engaged Mr. BOAM, musician, for a certain period from the date of the 17th March, 1855, this is to give notice to all parties not to engage the said Mr. Boam, or legal proceedings will be instituted against them by me.

Boam was in Hobart leading the orchestra at the Theatre Royal in 1857, as well as offering to teach violin, and appeared in Maitland in 1862 with Marmaduke Wilson. At the Victoria Theatre in Sydney in April 1863, he was in charge of the orchestra with no less a musician than John Gibbs playing under him.

He returned from London on board the Great Britain by June, bringing with him copies of:

the last sensational works, viz. : - East Lynne, Henry Dunbar, The Mariner's Compass, Orange Girl, Lost in London, &c. The abovenamed dramas, purchased by Mr. Boam with the sole right of disposing of them to any of the managers in the Australian colonies, protected by the Dramatic Authors Society . . . P. Boam, musical director, Prince of Wales Opera House, Sydney.

In that same month, at the Victoria Theatre, the season was "closed by Mr. Charles Walsh singing a very pretty song entitled Father dear, come home, composed by Mr. Boam".


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 August 1854), 8

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Hobart Mercury (13 April 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 January 1862), 1

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (28 January 1862), 2

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Empire (16 January 1863), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (7 April 1863), 4

 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1863), 1

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1866), 1


Musician, vocalist, pianist, teacher of music and drawing, school teacher, artist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1833 (per Guardian, from London, 4 September 1832)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 23 May 1837 (per Fortune, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Sarah Boatright and her husband James, a surveyor, arrived in Sydney from London on 20 January 1833, as steerage passengers on the cargo ship, Guardian, along with 8 cases of furniture.

From April 1834, She offered board and tuition to young ladies, first at her Bunker Hill Establishment, and from August in new premises in the Colonnade, Bridge-street.

She played the piano in the first Philharmonic Society concert in July 1834, and sang and played with Joanna Ellard and William Joseph Cavendish, in the second Philharmonic concert in September.

She next appeared in public at Maria Taylor's concert at the Pulteney Hotel in March 1835, and for the last documented time in Thomas Stubbs's concert in April. She embarked for London in May 1837, apparently without her husband.

No other details of either Sarah or James have been discovered enabling a closer identification. However, since shipping lists are sometimes incorrect in important details, the slight possibility that her forename was not Sarah, but correctly Susanna, is considered below.

BOATRIGHT, Susanna Antionette Ann (Susanna Antionette Ann ROUSE; Mrs. James BOATRIGHT; Mrs. BOATRIGHT)

Born England, by c. 1805; daughter of James ROUSE (1773-1840) and Elizabeth ?
Married (1) James Boatright, St. James, Westminster, 31 October 1826
Married (2) Constantine Frederick Grosvenor, St. Martin in the Fields, London, England, 27 June 1839
? Died London, England, late 1839 or early 1840

James Boatright and Susanna Antoinette Ann Rouse were married at St. James's, Westminster, on 31 October 1826. Susanna was a daughter of the artist, engraver, author, and drawing master, James Rouse (1773-1840) and his wife Elizabeth, also an artist and engraver. The titlepage of the 1827 second edition of Rouse's beauties and antiquities of the county of Sussex advertises that the book was for sale at Mr. Boatright, 152, Sloane-street, Sloane-square.

If Mrs. Boatright was Susanna, she was apparently widowed sometime after leaving Sydney in 1837, and, as a widow, married Constantine Frederick Grosvenor (c. 1814-1875), at St. Martin's in the Fields, London, on 27 June 1839. She herself may have died (or simply left him) shortly afterwards, for Grosvenor married again on 30 March 1840 at St. James's, Paddington (he was described in the register as a bachelor rather than widower, and a "seaman").

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. James, Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, in the year 1826; register, 1819-26, page 321; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 350 / James Boatright of this Parish and Susanna Antoinette Ann Rouse of the Parish of Fulham Spinster were Married in this Church by License this [31 October 1826] . . . In the presence of Robert Rouse, Sarah Boatright . . .

1839, marriage solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, in the county of Middlesex; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 396 / 27th June 1839 / Constantine Frederick Grosvenor / full age / bachelor / - / 44 St. Martin's Lane / [son of] William Limberry Grosvenor / Wholesale Stationer
Susanna Antoinette Ann Boatright / full age / Widow / - / 5 Stanhope St. / [daughter of] James Rouse / Gent.


Report of a barque arrived in Port Jackson this 20th day of January 1833; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Vessel's Name: Guardian . . . Master's Name: Sinclair . . . [From] London . . . 4th Sept . . . [no cabin passengers] 11 Steerage passengers . . . James Boatwright Surveyor, Sarah Boatwright his Wife . . .

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1833), 2 

. . . on Sunday last [20 January] . . . From London and the Cape of Good Hope, the same day, having left the former place on the 4th of September, and the latter on the 3d of December, the barque Guardian, Captain Sinclair, with a general cargo. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Hooson and son; John Storton, carpenter; John Jones Peers, bricklayer; John Ferries; Mr. and Mrs. Boatwright, Thomas Must, labourer; Mrs. Sarah Maxwell; John Tugwell, and Herman Scherins.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Jones Peers (bricklayer, musical amateur)

"Sydney General Trade List . . . IMPORTS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 January 1833), 2 

22. - GUARDIAN (barque), 263 tons, Sinclair master, from London, Marsden & Flowers agents . . .
8 cases furniture, - Boatwright . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 April 1834), 3

FOR A LIMITED NUMBER OF YOUNG LADIES, (Three Doors from the Archdeacon's.)
MRS. BOATRIGHT having taken the above compact and healthful Residence, commanding an extensive view of the Harbour of Port Jackson, Government Domain, &c., at the request of numerous Friends, begs to submit the following Terms for the instruction of a select number of Young Ladies: -
Board and general Tuition, comprising English Reading, Grammar, Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, History, Music, Plain and Ornamental Needle Work - Thirty Guineas per annum.
Singing - £6 6s 0d
Drawing - 6 6 0
French - 6 6 0
Italian - 6 6 0
Geography, with the Use of the Globes - 6 6 0
Dancing - 8 8 0
Each Young Lady to be provided with Bedding, Silver Spoon and Fork, and Six Towels. Washing, £4 4s. per annum.
Mrs. B. particularly wishes to notify an agreement for a quarter's notice previous to the removal of a Pupil; or, the quarter paid for.
Mrs. B. will also be happy to receive a select number of Young Ladies as Day Pupils - Terms, Three Guineas per quarter.
Also, the following Useful and Ornamental Arts and Accomplishments are taught by Mrs. BOATKIGHT, viz.:
- Wax and Rice Flowers, and Fruit from Nature; Chinese Method of Japanning; Painting on Glass; Velvet Painting; Claude and Indian Tinting; Oriental Painting; Maltese Transparencies, without the aid of colour; Mezzotinting; Embossed Flowers, an elegant Relievo for superb Dresses, &c. &c.
Private Lessons to Ladies (by Mrs. B., at her residence), in Music, Singing, and any of the foregoing Arts and Accomplishments.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 June 1834), 2 

. . . Mrs. B. having given a fortnight's VACATION to her Pupils, (which terminates on the 5th July), and having made suitable arrangements for the extension of her Establishment, she will feel gratified by an addition to the present number of Pupils . . .

"Philharmonic Concert", The Australian (29 July 1834), 2 

The first Concert of this Society was held on Friday evening, which we may hail as the birth night of classical music in Australia. This Soiree was highly respectable to the projectors of the enterprise, and proves how much might be done by unity, and good feeling; and it is much to be regretted, that with so many talented amateurs as there are now in this country, that these pastimes were not earlier introduced, for of all rational and serene delights, nothing can be more fascinating than musical amusements. Music seriously applied, is one of the noblest entertainments that can engage the mind of man, it humanizes the passions, strengthens devotion, and exalts the soul with the sublimest ideas. As a proof of its salutary effects, we may boldly assert, that among the whole prison population that have arrived in Australia, there never was a professor of music. It affords to teachers an existence, and to the amateur an employment that not only keeps him, from actions that he would regret, - but from thoughts that would create a blush.

We are sorry that we have not room to eulogize the performers according to their separate merits. The whole was excellent and well arranged. One of the ladies who so handsomely came forward on this occasion, was a little embarrassed, but let her not be discouraged, her attempt was received as it was offered, in the most liberal manner. She was warmly greeted, and she may rest assured, that when once she can acquire confidence, she will be the Star of the evening. Mrs. B's performance on the pianoforte was elegant and lady like, and the gentleman who sang "Mary Lee" shewed himself complete master of his audience, who sat as silent as if the melody came from heaven. His Excellency and suite entered exactly at eight o'clock, and was received, by the directors, the inimitable band of the 17th Regt. playing God save the King. The whole of the performance was over by half past ten, and the company retired, acknowledging, that this Concert had surpassed their anticipations, and by far exceeded any thing of the kind hitherto attempted in this country. - Correspondent.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Bourke (governor); Band of the 17th Regiment, master Thomas Lewis

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (31 July 1834), 3 

NOTICE. MRS. BOATRIGHT BEGS respectfully to announce, under the kind wishes and recommendation of her numerous Friends, that she intends removing her Establishment (for the convenience of her Pupils) from Bunkers Hill to No. 6, Bridge-street, on the 11th August, where she trusts to merit a continuance of their kind favors and support.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Monitor (3 September 1834), 3 

Yesterday evening, the second soiree of the Society took place at the Pulteney Hotel. The company, though not numerous, comprised a great portion of the most respectable inhabitants of the Colony; His Excellency the Governor, the Colonial-Secretary; Mr. Potter McQueen, Captain Hunter and family, &c. &c. We have not time to give the particular merits of each performer, suffice to say, that it went of better than we expected. The band of the 17th regiment, under Mr. Lewis, performed wonders. Mrs. Boatright, and Mrs. Ellard, are singers of superior taste, altho' wanting in that necessary ingredient - confidence. We can not but notice the Dead March, sung by Mrs. B., which is, without exception, the sweetest production we have heard for sometime.

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (4 September 1834), 3 

. . . The Society profess to give these Concerts, and only two or three of the members attend, and the getters up are obliged to be beholden to the Bandsmen for the major part of the entertainment. This is certainly not according to "Cocker." The female vocalists set an example to the absentees, which it is hoped will excite in the gentlemen amateurs a "spirit-stirring mood," at the next Soirée. The old Emerald favorite Savourneen Delish, was Mrs. E's. best performance, and was sung with much plaintive simplicity. Mrs. B. has a delightful voice, and was loudly applauded in "The Deserter ;" the duet of "My pretty Page," between Mrs. E. and Mrs. B. was also applauded . . . The duet of "Time has not thinned my flowing hair," between Mr. C. and Mrs. B. did not appear to have had sufficient practice - it was however above mediocrity . . . "Latour's Pianoforte Duet" by Mr. C. and Mrs. B. was played with much spirit and execution . . .

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1834), 2

. . . We had not the pleasure of hearing Mrs. B. at the first concert, but her song of the Deserter, with the dead march and muffled drum accompaniment, was one of the most effective performances of the evening. This lady also, with Mr. C. performed the air, O Dolce Contento, arranged as a duet for the pianoforte, in a very superior style; and subsequently with the same gentleman, a concertante, for the pianoforte and violin. Here's a health, bonnie Scotland, to thee! was sung with much taste and spirit by Mr. C, who also sang with Mrs. C. [sic, Mrs. B.], the duet, O Pescator, with English words. Mrs. E. had shaken off much of the timidity that oppressed her on the first night, and the result was such as to satisfy the audience that she possesses considerable musical taste and feeling. Her performance in the duet, My Pretty Page with Mrs. B., was, of itself, evidence of this; but her execution of the beautiful Irish air, Savourneen dhelish was conclusive . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. E. = Joanna Ellard (vocalist); Mr. C. = William Joseph Cavendish (pianist, vocalist)

MUSIC: The deserter (words by Thomas Haynes Bayley, 'Tis the dismal beat of the muffled drum [words only]); My pretty page (Bishop); O dolce contento (arr. Latour); "Time has not thinned my flowing hair", ? English words to O pescator dell' onda (Venetian melody)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 October 1834), 2 

The Colonade shops in Bridge-street, though situated in a favourable part of the town, have not been all let. As improvements proceed on the domain side of Sydney, this will become a stirring neighbourhood. Among the principal shops under the Colonade, are Mrs. Boatwright's seminary for young ladies, Mr. Metcalfe, and others.

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

MR. LEWIS is an admirable military musician, and amid the disappointment we experienced at his Concert, we were amused to observe the cool precision with which he conducted the Band, and the efficient support he received from his coadjutors of the 17th in the overtures . . . Mr. Lewis promised to introduce at his Concert all the vocal talent of Sydney. Where were Mrs. Ellard, Mrs. Bird, Mrs. Jones, and Mrs. Boatwright? . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isabella Bird (vocalist); Harriet Jones (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 January 1835), 1 

SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES, 6, Colonnade, Bridge-street, (Leading to Government House.)
MRS. BOATRIGHT, IN returning thanks to her Friends for their patronage, begs intimate, the Vacation to her Pupils commences on the 15th Instant [sic, December], and terminates on the 3d January. Mrs. H, begs to state to those Ladies who are not acquainted with her Establishment, the terms will be found moderate, and whenever there are two or more of a Family suitable deduction will be made, with the view that all her Pupils may participate in the various branches.
Mrs. B. continues Private Lessons and Tuition to Ladies, in Music, Singing, Drawing, and other useful accomplishments, at her residence, in Bridge-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 March 1835), 1

CONCERT. MRS. TAYLOR RESPECTFULLY announces to her Friends and the Public generally, that her CONCERT will take place at the PULTENEY HOTEL, on TUESDAY next, the 24th Instant, assisted (with Permission of Colonel Despard) by the Band of the 17th Regiment.
PART I . . . 10. Song, Mrs. Boatright, The Rover's Bride - Lee . . .
PART II . . . 3. Song, Mrs. Boatright, Muffled Drum - Lee . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3 

Mrs. Taylor gave her Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Saloon of the Pulteney Hotel, to rather a thin house, scarcely sufficient we should think to cover the expenses. The performers were Mesdames Taylor, Boatwright, and Child, and Messrs. Simmons, Ellis, Gordonovitch, and Bonner; Mr. Cavendish presiding alternately at the Seraphine and Pinoforte [sic] . . . The difficult song of the "Muffled Drum" was performed very creditably by Mrs. Boatwright, who seemed to be labouring under indisposition . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 2

. . . Mrs. TAYLOR tho' evidently under the effects of a cold sang very sweetly. Mrs. BOATRIGHT's exertions, too, were very successful, and her songs were warmly applauded. Mr. GORDONOVICH sang a German Bravura and The Maid of Judah, with which all were much delighted . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 3 

. . . Mrs. Boatright appeared indisposed, but sang her songs with taste and feeling . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Taylor (vocalist); Mrs. Child (vocalist); Jospeh Simmons (vocalist); George Gordonovitch (vocalist); Charles Fawcett Bonnar (vocalist)

MUSIC: The rover's bride (Alexander Lee)

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (23 April 1835), 2

Mr. Stubbs' Concert, at the Royal Hotel, on Tuesday evening last, went off with the most perfect eclat, to a crowded and respectable audience . . . The principal attraction of the evening was that of a female debutante named Rust, a professional singer recently arrived amongst us from Europe, and whose brilliant talents will, no doubt, be the means of forming a new era in the musical history of Australia . . . The Overtures were executed in masterly style, and we believe gave universal satisfaction. Mrs. Boatright sung the martial song, Follow to the War, with great effect, and Miss Douglas, under some disadvantages, gave the song of Gaily we Dance, in a very pleasing manner . . .

"MR. STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2 

. . . We are sorry that the songs selected for Mrs. Boatwright were not the ones suited to her style of singing. They were, we think, beyond the compass of her voice and execution. Plaintive melodies are her forte; had she sung them, she would have given more general satisfaction. We stated before that she was an improving singer; - the event has shown that opinion to have been correct, or she could not have sung the songs she did. Still more simple melodies would have suited both her voice and execution better . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (musician); Margaret Rust (vocalist); Ellen Douglass (vocalist)

Report of a ship arrived in Port Jackson this 4[th] day of October 1836; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Vessel's Name: Tybee . . . Master's name: Rogers . . . From whence: Salem, 5 May, via Hobart Town . . .
Passengers . . . Cabin: Mr. James Boatwright from America . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (6 October 1836), 2

From the United States via Hobart Town, same day, having sailed from the former place the 5th of May, and the latter the 22d of September, the ship Tybee, Captain Rogers, with American goods. Passengers, Mr. J. Boatright, Mr. George Newall, and Mrs. Sargent.

"QUARTER SESSIONS. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1836), 3 

James Griffith was convicted of stealing a number of beads and drawings, the property of Mrs. Boatwright, and sentenced to be worked 3 years in an iron gang.

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 May 1837), 2

PASSENGERS BY THE FOLLOWING VESSELS. - Fortune, for London - Cabin, Mrs. Lister and child, and Mrs. Boatright . . .

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Monitor (28 June 1837), 2 

Boatwright v. Dyson . . . The defendant produced a receipt in full of all demands, in the hand writing of the wife of plaintiff who had gone to England, but had previously managed the accounts . . .

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. SUPREME COURT - CIVIL SIDE. Monday, June 26", The Sydney Herald (29 June 1837), 2

Boatright v Dyson. - This was an action brought to recover the sum of £70, for board and lodging. The defendant put in a receipt from the plaintiff's wife in full of all demands up to the day of his leaving the plaintiff's house. - Verdict for the defendant. Counsel for the plaintiff, Mr. Foster; for the defendant, the Attorney-General.

"EAST INDIA SHIPPING", Morning Herald [London, England] (11 October 1837), 4 (PAYWALL)

Passengers per Fortune, from Sydney - Mrs. Lister and child, Mrs. Boatright . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Mrs. Boatright", Design & Art Australia online (DAAO) 

BOBART, Henry Hodgkinson

Clergyman, amateur musician

Born c. 1807
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 November 1835 (on the Lotus, en route to NZ)
Died Parramatta, NSW, 19 July 1854, aged 47



Bobart owned and installed the first organ in St. John's, Parramatta, in 1841.


"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1854), 2 

A MEETING of the parishioners of St. John's and other friends of the late Rev. H. H. Bobart, M.A., was held in the vestry of St. John's Church, on Friday last, at twelve o'clock, for the purpose of taking into consideration the most appropriate manner of testifying respect for the memory of that much-lamented minister . . . He (Mr. Bobart) was also a devout admirer of sacred music, and was ever ready to sing the the praises of God in the midst of the congregation.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 23

"Rev H. H. Bobart", Prospect Heritage Trust 

BOCHSA, Charles see main entry Nicholas Charles BOCHSA

BOCK, Thomas (Thomas BOCK)

Viola (tenor) player, amateur vocalist, artist

Born Sutton Coldfield, England, c.1790
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 January 1824 (per Asia)
Died Hobart, 18 March 1855, in the 65th year of his age (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ST. GEORGE'S DAY", The Hobart Town Courier (25 April 1829), 2

"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds., Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause. . . . Bishop's beautiful glee "The Foresters" was then sung most admirably by Messrs. Pemfriest, Bock, Marshall, and Lanford. . . . Bishop's glee, "Beam of Light," then followed by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Bock, and Langford. . . . The first act closed with a piece from Hayden, by the whole of the performers, and the second act opened with another piece of that celebrated master. Mr. Bock then sang with great taste Wade's "Ding dong bell" which was followed by the celebrated glee "The last rose Summer," by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Marshall, and Bock . . . A beautiful Quartetto from Haydn then followed, by Mr. Deane the Violin, Mr. Marshall the Flute, Mr. Bock the Tenor, and Mr. Hoffer the Violoncello. It was admirably executed.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

"DEATH", The Courier (19 March 1855), 2

Bibliography and resources:

William Bryden, "Bock, Thomas (1790-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"Thomas Bock", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

BODDINGTON,Thomas (? sen., jun.)

? Baker, musician, violinist, fiddler, ? publican, ? pieman

Active SA, by 1857
? Died Adelaide, SA, May 1882


"POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE. DISORDERLY", The South Australian Advertiser (4 October 1860), 3 

Annie Ryan appeared to the information of Thomas Boddington, charged with having on the 29th September, used abusive and insulting language towards him, whereby a breach of the peace might have occurred. Mr. Ingleby appeared for the complainant, and Mr. Moulden for the defendant. The complainant stated that he was a musician living in Morphett-street. On Saturday night, as he was coming out of the Albion Hotel, he met the defendant and was greeted with a shower of abuse. It was not the first time he had been annoyed in a similar manner. Fined 10s. and costs.

"POLICE COURTS. ASSAULTS", South Australian Register (23 July 1861), 3 

Elizabeth Lee was summoned by Thomas Boddington for assaulting him on the 13th inst. It appeared that while the complainant was playing his fiddle at the Albion Hotel the defendant went up to him, pushed him about, and caught hold of his hair. The defendant was fined 5s. and costs.

"POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (28 November 1866), 4 

. . . Thomas Boddington, of Hindley Sireet, musician, deposed to the effect following: - On Wednesday last, about 2 o'clock, I was at the Albion Hotel, when the prisoner Frances Bolton came to me, gave me four Bank-notes, and desired I would take care of them for her . . .


Amateur vocalist, musician, flute player

Born Baden, Germany, c. 1826/27
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1853 (per Woodstock, from London, 7 December 1852, aged "26")


According to his naturalisation certificate, dated 18 Asptember 1854, Henry Boehler was a native of Baden, Germany, aged 28.


List of passengers per Woodstock, from London, 7 December 1852, for Port Phillip, 27 April 1853; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Fellinger Alex'r / 25 / Gentleman / German
Prinz Geo'e / 30 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Boehler Henry / 26 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Flautwater Jos'h / 27 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Wymsley Chas / 27 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Elsasser Chas / 34 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Herrgath Fredk / 28 / [Gentleman] / [German]
Riegg Michael / 29 / [Gentleman] / [German] . . .
Reeman Randolphus / 29 / Musician / German . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (musician); George Prinz (musician); Alexander Fellinger (musical amateur)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 June 1853), 6 

HERR STREBINGER, (late first violin of the Opera Comique, Paris,) begs to inform his friends and the public that his Benefit and Farewell Concert will take place on the above evening, when he will be supported by all the vocal and instrumental talent in the Colony, and by some amateurs who have kindly volunteered their services for him on this occasion.
Vocalists: Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Hancock, and Herr Wagenheim (who have kindly offered their services).
Principal Solo Performers: Herr Strebinger - Violin. Herr Bohler - Flute.
THE BAND, which will be considerably increased, will consist of the available talent in the colony and several of the
Band of the 40th Regiment (by the kind permission of Col. Valiant.)
Conductor and Pianist - M. Buddee.
Overture - "Oberon," Full band - Weber . . .
Waltz - "Dew Drop," Full band - D'Albert . . . Solo - Flute, "Air Varie," Herr Bohler - Boehm
Quadrille - "The Nightingale," Full band - Linter.
Part II.
Overture - "Der Freischutz," Full band - Weber . . .
Waltz - "The Crystal Palace," Full band - D'Albert . . .
Quadrille - "Clara de Rosenbergh," Full band - Bossisio.
Finale - God save the Queen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Strebinger (violin); Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalist); members of the Band of the 40th Regiment (military)

[Advertisement], The Star (17 August 1857), 3 

THIS EVENING - MONDAY, And every evening during the week
Engagement of the celebrated local comic singer, MR. COXON . . .
the celebrated Dancers, the MISSES WISEMAN.
The Proprietor having determined upon affording the inhabitants of Ballarat, and its environs, a grand musical treat - a la Jullien - has engaged the most celebrated artistes in the colonies, thus forming
A MONSTER BAND, The solo performers consisting of
Herr Richty and Herr Weideman, 1st Violins.
Monsieur Feon, and Herr Rodi, 2nd Violins.
Herr Keitel, and - Navaiski, Tenor.
Herr Elliott, Contra Bass.
Herr Bohler, Flute.
Herr Bouleke, 1st Clarionet.
Herr Holzapfell, 2nd Clarionet.
Herr Vohr, Oboe.
Herr Ide, 1st Cornet.
Herr Busse, 2nd Cornet.
Herr Schulze, Trombone.
Mr. Parker, Pianist.
Monsieur PIETRO CANNA, on the Drums.
Leader of the Band, HERR RICHTY.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Richty (leader, violin); John Gibbs (proprietor); William Wilson Coxon (comic vocalist); Traugott Wiedemann (violin); ? August Keitel (viola); Pietro Canna (drummer); none of the other musicians named have as yet been reliably identified

"THE GOVERNOR'S VISIT . . . THE TORCH LIGHT PROCESSION", The Star (20 January 1858), 3

The "finish" of the day was worthy of it. The Germans and Scandinavians were not to be outdone by Chinese. Their reception of the Governor of the country they have adopted, was something every way unique and national. We alluded in Monday's columns to the probability of the Germans serenading His Excellency by torchlight. At a tittle after midnight a procession of Germans and Scandinavians started from the Prince Albert Hotel, in the following order: -
The Band
Banner of the German Liederkranz
The Committee and Members of the
English, German and Scandinavian Flags,
Germans and Scandinavians.
The appearance of this procession as it marched down Bakery Hill, with true military precision, was extraordinary. More than two hundred torches lit up the dark night with a weird like splendour; producing a sensation similar to that experienced while witnessing the Witches' Dance in Macbeth, or the incantation scene in Der Freyschutz, or if that were possible, both at the same moment. The inhabitants of the Main Road, started from midnight slumbers to see the strange sight; and an immense crowd accompanied the procession to the Governor's lodgings, at Bath's Hotel. On reaching the hotel, the following music was performed in admirable style:
1. Overture to Der Freyschutz. - Weber.
2. Liederfreicheit. - Marschner.
3. Finale to Lucrezia Borgia. - Donnizetti.
4. Jagers' Lust - Asthols.
Unfortunately, the expected reward - viz., a speech from Sir Henry Barkly - did not succeed to these praiseworthy exertions. Captain Bancroft, aid-de-camp to his Excellency came out, and being introduced to Mr. Boghler [sic], leader of the Liederkranz, and Mr. Richty leader of the band, Messrs Karl, Wisenhavern, Brunn, Fellinger and others, tendered then the hearty thanks of His Excellency, who was far too unwell to do so in person. The apology was accepted in good grace, and the serenade ended at about half past one o'clock, by Mr. Ahrens saying in a loud voice - "We brother Germans and Scandinavians give a hearty welcome to Sir Henry Barkly, Governor of Victoria." God save the Queen" was then sung, and after some hearty and continued cheering, the procession marched homewards.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Barkly (governor)

BOEHM, Traugott Wilhelm (Traugott Wilhelm BOEHM)

School teacher, music teacher

Born Brandenburg, Germany, 18 October 1836
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 January 1839 (per Zebra)
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1867s
Died Warracknabeal, VIC, 12 May 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)


[News], Chronicle (27 January 1906), 37

About fifty years ago Mr. T. W. Boehm taught young men in the village of Hahndorf, situated among the hills about 17 miles east of Adelaide. Many of his old pupils hold prominent positions throughout, the State, and at a gathering of the Hahndorf Old Boys' Association on Monday evening a letter was read from Mr. Boehm, who is now in Victoria, in which he ex pressed the view that nations whose school masters and pedagogues ranked highest would always take the lead in civilisation and politics. It was really the schoolmaster who gained the great battles on land and sea in the late war in the East. It was a war between intelligence and ignorance. Pedagogues on both sides of the British Channel predicted the result of that war with unerring certainty. To see the greatest strong hold of tyranny and despotism on earth humiliated - Shaken to its very foundations - was the most gratifying event to the teacher and philanthropist which had happened in modern times. Mr. Boehm is about 73 years of age, and is a music teacher at Warracknabeal.

"T. W. Boehm and Hahndorf", The Advertiser (12 April 1935), 27

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne Edgar, "Boehm, Traugott Wilhelm (1836-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979)


Soprano vocalist

Born Nizbor, Bohemia, 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1879
Died South Yarra, VIC, 16 March 1922, gabriella (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Boema arrived in Australia in Melbourne in December 1879 (from a tour to Batavia). She made her official first public appearance in Australia in Melbourne, on 10 January 1880, billed as "Prima Donna Drammatica Assoluta from the Imperial Theatre of Moscow, La Scala of Milano, Pagliano Florence &c.", as an associate artist with violinist Camilla Urso.

She and he husband Raffaele Steffani were away from Australia again from November 1883. She made a second tour of the United States (she had first performed there in the mid-1860s), but she had returned to Melbourne by December 1885. She was a principal vocalist for Frederic Cowen in the orchestral concert series at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition in 1888.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1879), 4

[News], The Argus (15 December 1879), 5

We were favoured on Saturday afternoon by hearing a new singer who gave a private exhibition of her powers as a vocalist before a select circle in Messrs. Nicholson and Ascherberg's rooms m Collins street. Signora Gabriella Boema comes to Australia by way of India and the East, bringing with her a well won continental reputation as an operatic prima donna. Her performances on Saturday afternoon were in every way satisfactory, and showed her to advantage as an artist well adapted to the concert platform. The following were the selections she sang, namely - 1. "Non Torno" (Italian), by Mattei, song, accompanied by Alfred Plumpton; 2. "Am Meere" (German) by Schubert, song, accompanied by Julius Herz; 3.  "Frühlingslied (German), by Mendelssohn, song, accompanied by Julius Herz, and [4] "Ritorno vincitor (Italian), by Verdi, from the opera "Aida", grand scena, accompanied by Alfred Plumpton. In these selections Signora Boema displayed the possession of a soprano voice of an attractive quality, and an artistic method in using it which met with general approval. Her tones are of a clear and ringing quality, not wholly free from vibration. They evince quick sensibility on the part of the singer, and are very sympathetic in effect. Her delivery is easy and her pronunciation clear. She produces the effect of force without exertion, and exercises a genuine control over her hearers even in the very finest shades of expression, and she was equally successful in each of the above named selections, which were sufficiently varied to form a comprehensive test. When the opportunity occurs Signora Boema will be heard by the public with pleasure.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1880), 8

"CLEARED OUT", The Argus (3 November 1883), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 March 1822), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (29 March 1922), 10

The death last week of Madame Boema Steffani at her home in South Yarra revives memories of one who a generation ago was held in high esteem in Melbourne as a dramatic soprano. Born in Prague, Bohemia, in 1843, Madame Boema, to use her stage name, came to Australia with her parents in November, 1879, after a tour of Java, Manila, and the East, with an operatic and concert company organised by her husband, M. Steffani, who survives her. On her arrival in Melbourne Madame Boema accepted an engagement with Mr. W. S. Lister, the impressario [sic], and appeared in several operas. She sang with Trebelli, mother of Antonia Dolores, and Julia Coy, mother of Signorina Coy, in "Don Giovanni", "L'Africaine", "Norma", and "Les Huguenots". The operatic season in Melbourne was not of long duration, and Mme. Boema began teaching, in which she gained immediate success. She afterwards accepted a position, on the teaching staff of the University Conservatorium, and was a singer in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Her remains were interred in the Kew Cemetery.

"DEATH OF MME. STEFFANI", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1922), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Stockigt 2003

J. Lukeš, "La Boema - kdo te je", Nizborsky List 3 (September 2009), 7-8

BOESEN, Theodore (Theodore BOESEN)

Musical amateur (member Sydney Philharmonic Society)

BOESEN, Teresa (Mrs. Theo BOESEN; Mrs. John MEILLON) = Teresa CURTIS

Pianist, pupil of Boulanger, piano teacher

BOGLE, John Joseph

Musician, professor of music

Born c.1837
Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1857
Died Morriset, NSW, 1 July 1932, aged 95


John Joseph Bogle was the eldest son of Andrew Bogle, senior (d.1877), and his first wife, Elizabeth Young. Andrew was a former Jamaican slave and later witness in the Tichborne trials; after retiring from service in England to the Tichborne-Doughty family, Andrew emigrated to Sydney, c.1854-55, with his second wife.

John had been apprenticed to a chemist in Nottingham, with the help of the Tichbornes, but the arrangement was not a success and he had to be bought out of his apprenticeship. He was sent out to join his father in Australia in 1855. The family settled in Balmain where Bogles remained prominent citizens after Andrew senior returned to England.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1868), 1

"The Tichborne Trial", Evening News (23 January 1874), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1879), 1

WOULD Mr. BOGLE, Musician, Balmain, send his address to Mrs. MONTGOMERY, 149, Castlereagh-street.

"The Flag of the South", Freeman's Journal (5 March 1892), 16

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1932), 10

"MR. J. J. BOGLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1932), 10

Mr. John Joseph Bogle, who died at Lake Macquarie recently, at the age of 95 years, was born on the Tichbourne Estates, Upton House, near Pool, Dorset (England). He was apprenticed to a London chemist and qualified for his certificate. At the same time he studied music, and became an accomplished pianist. When 20 years of age he came to Sydney, and was employed by Dr. Elliott, founder of the present firm of Elliott Bros., Ltd. For about 20 years he was church organist and choirmaster at St. Augustine's, Balmain. He also composed music for the words of the poem, "The Flag of the South," by E. J. Brady.

Bibliography and resources:

Joy Lumsden, "The true and remarkable history of Andrew Bogle", Jamaican Historical Society Bulletin 11/4 (October 1999) 

BOLEY, Dorrel Fair (Dorrel Fair BOLEY; Dan F. BOLEY, D. F. BOLEY)

Minstrel, serenader, banjo-player, bass vocalist, musical director

Arrived Sydney, 23 October 1855 (per Vaquero, from Honolulu, 3 September)
Died at sea (drowned), 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVALS, The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (29 October 1855), 242

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Argus (17 December 1855), 5

Messrs. Campbell, Barker, and Boley are the principal solo vocalists, and all possess splendid voices, the first named having an organ of great compass, which he manages with the most exquisite taste. Mr. Barker's voice, a fine tenor, is heard to great advantage in some of the ballads which he sings, and Mr. Boley is a basso profondo of great power and volume. Messrs Morgan and Porter are skilful accompanyists and clever actors, and Mr. Abbott is a violinist of superior ability, besides being in every respect an accomplished musician.

"THE SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (3 January 1857), 2

THE SERENADERS. A night spent in listening to the performances of the company of serenaders now performing at the Prince of Wales Theatre, on a professional tour, has very favorably impressed us with their musical capabilities. Mr. Boley's deep, rich bass, which he wields with considerable ease and flexibility, first strikes the ear of the listener as the swells and cadences of the chorus enrapture the soul with their melody. Mr. Brower is a capital baritone, and sings well. His "Poor Dog Tray," on Thursday evening, was a gem. Mr. Boley's "Good old Jeff" was given with good taste, was beautifully emphasised, and the chorus was a delicious piece of music.

"MARRIAGE", Empire (15 October 1857), 4

MARRIAGE. On Tuesday, October 13th, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Princes-street, by the Rev. William Hessel, Wesleyan Minister, Mr. Dorrel Fair Boley, to Miss Matilda Watkins, both of Sydney.

"MELANCHOLY FATE OF THE BOLEY MINSTRELS", Examiner (12 August 1862), 4 

MELANCHOLY FATE OF THE BOLEY MINSTRELS. Most of the habitues of the concert halls of Melbourne will remember Boley's Minstrels," who about twelve months since left Australia on a professional visit to Mauritius. After playing a far from successful engagement at Port Louis, they embarked on board a Schooner for the Cape of Good Hope, and we regret to add, were wrecked off Cape St. Mary. The passengers, including the troupe, and Mrs. Boley and children, were fourteen in number, and have all perished, with the exception of Mr. Robson, who with three sailors succeeded in returning to Port Louis . . . - Bell's Life in Victoria.


We met by chance (ballad, composed by Kucken; arranged and sung (with the original Tyrolienne) by D. F. Boley) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) 

Bibliography and resources:


Boley's Minstrels were organized by D. F. Boley, and left Australia in January, 1862, on a visit to the Mauritius Islands. After a not very successful engagement they embarked for the Cape of Good Hope, but were wrecked off Cape St. Mary late in 1862. Mr. and Mrs. Boley and the children were lost, as was the entire troupe, a Mr. Robson being the only one saved from drowning. George W. Demerest, Chas. L. Grew, W. White Lee, W. Robson and Totten Arent were in the company. Dan F. Boley was one of the original Backus Minstrels. He was a fine banjoist and his deep sonorous, bass voice will be recollected with mingled feelings of regret and pleasure. In 1855 he, in company with Backus, Burbank and others, re-organised the Backus Minstrels and made a trip to Australia. After a time all except Boley returned, but he married a wealthy widow and remained there.


Professor of music (Society of Arts)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (30 October 1854), 1 

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

. . . A party of amateurs, under the direction of Mr. Bolton, the Professor of Music at the Society of Arts, sang two German glees with great taste and feeling. These gentlemen, by dint of much practice together, have acquired that ensemble that is so necessary in glee singing. Their voices harmonise admirably, and they pay attention to the expression sought to be conveyed by the music . . .

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 3 

. . . During the evening several glees were sung - most of them German. All were well received, but there was a strong partiality shown to the "Model British glee" - "by Celia's Arbour" - the singers being Messrs. Colley, Fisher, Walcott, and J. Bolton.

BOLTON, Robert Thorley


Born c. 1831
Active Maitland, NSW, 1861
Died (drowned), Morpeth, NSW, 1 April 1864, aged 33


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1861), 1

. . . March, March, Keep Yourselves Ready Boys - Dr. Bolton of Maitland - Australian Patriotic Song . . .



Born Italy, c. 1816
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 16 April 1856 (per Royal Charter, from Liverpool, 17 January aged "39")
? Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1856


"TORTONA. Opera", Il pirata giornale artistico, letterario, teatrale (4 March 1842), 288 (DIGITISED)

Prime donne, Maria Corini e Gisutina Sarasin. Primo tenore, Salvatore Mauri-Bonfiglio . . .

"ARMONICA. DI PAGLIA E LEGNO", Gazzetta di Firenze (5 March 1846), 4 (DIGITISED)

L'Accademia Vocale e Istrumentale che diede nella sera di Sabato scorso la ben coposciuta Famiglia Morava Spira, ed a cui intervenne una scelta Societa, fù un nuovo esempio della felice allitudine alla musicale armonia che distingue i figli della svariata Lamagna, e in specie quelli delle men centrali e più montuose regioni . . . nonchè dal sig. Mauri Bonfiglio che con una belli e robusta voce di Tenore, d'ottima scuoli, e molta espressione, seppe attirarsi l' assentimento generale della distintissima riunione, che con lunghi e ripetuti plausi l'encomiò.

Names and descriptions of passengers, per Royal Charter, from Liverpool, 17 January 1856, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

2nd Cabin . . . Salvatore Bonfiglio / 39 / Singer / [for] Adelaide

"VICTORIA . . . Musical", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (30 April 1856), 2 

Amongst the arrivals by the Royal Charter we observe the name of Signor Bonfiglio. A few years ago this artist stood high in the list of European tenors, Donizetti having composed one or more operas for him, and unless his voice has suffered much from the effects of time, which we believe it has not, Signor Bonfiglio will supply a desideratum that has long been felt out here. It is said that he has consented to make his debut before an Australian audience on the occasion of Madame Cailly's benefit concert.

"COLEMAN'S LYCEUM", The Age (2 June 1856), 3 

Our readers will be glad to notice that Mr. Henry Coleman, who has lately distinguished himself as an able and enterprising theatrical manager and proprietor at Bendigo and Castlemaine, and whose company of artistes there is not second to any in the colony, has just become the lessee of the theatre in Queen street, which will henceforth be known as Coleman's Lyceum . . . The company will include Mrs. Charles Young, Madame Strebinger, Miss Chambers; Messrs. Charles Young, Miran, Chambers sen., and Chambers jun.; Signor Bonfiglia, the eminent Italian vocalist, and Signor Belletti, the Italian dancer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 July 1856), 8 

COLEMAN'S LYCEUM. Lessee and Manager - Mr. H. Coleman. Stage Directress - Mrs. Brougham.
This Evening, Friday, 11th July, 1866. A LESSON FOR LADIES.
Monsieur St Val - Mr. Chas. Young. Mademoiselle Delbraiee - Mrs. Chas. Young. The Countess - Mrs. Brougham.
THE BACKUS MINSTRELS Will sing favorite Melodies.
Signor Salvator Bonfiglio, the Italian Tenor.
To concludes with, THE WINDMILL; Or, Love in a Flour Binn.

BONNAR, Charles Fawcett (Charles Fawcett BONNAR; BONNER)

Vocalist, guitarist

Born Scotland, 1811
Arrived Sydney, 17 November 1834 (per James from London)
Died Adelaide, 5 February 1848, aged 37 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Charles Bonnar, bookbinder, arrived in Sydney in November 1834. In Maria Taylor's concert in March 1835 he accompanied himself on the guitar singing a Scotch song and The guitar of Spain. Having worked as a compositor for The Colonist, The Monitor, and The Herald, "Mr. C. F. Bonnar, Compositor" departed for South Australia on the Hope on 26 January 1838, and by May was "Stage and Acting Manager" at the new Theatre Royal, Adelaide.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 December 1834), 1

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17 December 1834), 3

'Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 March 1835), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Colonist (27 January 1838), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (19 May 1838), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1838), 2

"Deaths", The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1848), 3

At Adelaide, on the 5th February inst, Charles Fawcett, eldest son of the late Mr. David Bonnar, bookseller and printer, Dalkeith, Scotland, aged 37 years.

BONNEY, Harriet Elizabeth (Miss BONNEY; Mrs. William LAMPRILL)


Born Richmond, VDL (TAS), 15 February 1839; baptised St. David's, 10 April 1839 (Miss BONNEY; daughter of James BONNEY d.1882 and Harriet BONNEY)
Active Hobart, TAS, 1851-52
Died Hobart, TAS, 1 December 1932, "in the 94th year of her age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Harriet Bonney was barely 13 years old when, in April 1852, she was selected to succeed Caroline Elliot as organist of St. David's, Hobart. Frederick Alexander Packer, who arrived in Tasmania in July, had effectively succeeded her as organist by September. Packer remained in the post until his death in 1862, when he was succeeded by his son Frederick Augustus Packer.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. David's [Hoabrt Town] . . . in the year 1839; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1086875; RGD32/1/3/ no 48$init=RGD32-1-3-p464j2k 

"PUBLIC LECTURE", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (23 August 1851), 3 

. . . Miss Bonney played a few overtures on the Orgue Melodium, preliminary to the opening of the lecture, which commenced about half-past-seven o'clock, and during the course of his delivery, Mr. Abbott was frequently interrupted by rounds of applause . . . Miss Bonney again favored and delighted the visitors with some beautiful airs, executed upon the instrument of the Institution . . .

"ST. DAVID'S CATHERDAL", The Courier (10 April 1852), 3 

"New Organist", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 April 1852), 260

Mrs. Elliott, who officiated for so long a period as the organist at St. David's Cathedral having resigned that office, the church-wardens have appointed Miss Bonney, daughter of an old colonist Mr. James Bonney to the vacancy. Miss Bonney is a native of Tasmania, and although there were several candidates, Miss Bonney was selected on account of her musical abilities, which had been tested by officiating for Mrs. Elliott for a period of nearly three months. The fact of the proficiency of to young a native musician, and her selection by the churchwardens for the appointment are both pleasing circumstances, and must prove highly gratifying to her friends and acquaintance. Miss Bonney commenced a Sunday or two ago, and bas afforded the greatest satisfaction to the congregation.

[Advertisement], The Courier (11 September 1852), 1

[ADVERTISEMENT.] TO THE CONGREGATION of ST. DAVID'S, And the Public generally. AS a PARENT, I feel it my duty to lay before you the painful facts in connection with the shutting out of my daughter and the several Choristers from the Singing Gallery of St. David's, which I am sure you will at once discover as an act most unjustifiable and arbitrary, on the part of the Rev. Dr. Bedford more particularly.

Some six months ago Dr. Bedford called on me stating that-tenders were received from several Organists for the Organ at St. David's for the year then ensuing, and expressed his desire very kindly that I should at once tender on the part of my daughter, as he said she should have the preference, from the fact of her having acted in that capacity upon frequent occasions during the unavoidable absence of Mrs. Elliott who was then resigning. I objected to my daughter taking upon herself such a responsibility, being but young, and I fearful of any mishap in her performances which might incur dissatisfaction, thinking at least she would require a further knowledge before she could, with confidence, undertake the task. Mrs. Bonney, more so than myself, objected strongly to Dr. Bedford's proposition, though kind. However, the Rev. Doctor pleaded hard for her, arguing that the responsibility was a mere nothing, - she had acted before, and why could she not do so now, having the organ entirely, at her own command, and if she was young then she would be advancing in years as well as experience. He said the lowest tender received was 401. per annum, tendered by one Miss Webster (whom I have not the pleasure of knowing), and if I would tender in my daughter's name at the same rate it should be accepted. After the Rev. Doctor making little of my own objections, and speaking in the most flattering manner of my daughter's capabilities, and even taking the trouble to write out the form of tender to be rendered for me to copy, I at last consented, and the tender accepted, but solely relying upon the Doctor's good nature to make every allowance in case of any thing going wrong, - I mean with regard to her professional performances, as I did not seek the situation for my daughter, but to gratify Dr. Bedford; and I confess afterwards gave me some little pleasure to see that every satisfaction had been given, not only expressed by the Rev. Doctor himself on frequent occasions, but even taking the trouble to call at my house on a special occasion within the last two months to make known his satisfaction in the strongest terms; and his Lordship the Bishop likewise expressed his entire satisfaction of my daughter's performances as Organist at St. David's.

I failed not upon her assuming the situation to engage a competent master for further instruction, as also a proficient singing master to instruct the choristers, and I believe with general satisfaction all things went on amicably, until about a month since, when Dr. Bedford called on me for the purpose of allowing one Mr. Packer to officiate at the Organ for a Sunday or two. This I had an objection to, as it was at once making little of my daughter's performance, or at least so I took it (here I may mention that rumours were abroad that Mr. Packer intended to obtain the situation of Organist at St. David's if it were by any means possible.) Under these circumstances I think I was doing right in objecting, so long as satisfaction was given, and which the Rev. Doctor could not deny; so I said we could do very well without Mr. P.'s services. This I could see plainly displeased the Rev. Doctor, as it appeared Mr. Packer had insinuated himself into the Doctor's good graces, making appear (but under a cloak), that he was merely anxious to render Miss Bonney gratuitously some professional service. The first or second Sunday after this interview, a report was made by one Giles, the Church-cleaner, of a misconduct said to have taken place on the part of some children in the orchestra, and Dr. Bedford, upon hearing this absurd exparte statement, immediately pronounced sentence !!! and said that Miss Bonney was too young to maintain a proper control over the choir, and because she did not prevent the misconduct reported of, she should no longer play there for him, and that he should forthwith close the Organ-room against her. This, then, is the ground upon which the Rev. Doctor has so cruelly laid to the ground with one hand that which he upheld with the other; thus has he treated one who but for his earnest entreaties would never have come within his unmerciful clutches. Upon being reasoned and expostulated with by myself and others, he agreed to let my daughter play at the Bishop's Lectures, Sunday and Wednesday evenings, his Lordship the Bishop being happy to retain her services at the Church (though this arrangement after being carried out for several evenings was subsequently deemed inexpedient, i.e., two Organists to one Organ, as another had been engaged;) but notwithstanding this piece of kindness on tile part of Dr. Bedford, I was of course not satisfied, and therefore entreated him merely to give the matter a simple hearing on both sides, as there were several gentlemen present, - one the father of a family during the whole three services on the Sunday in question, and who had every opportunity of observing all that transpired in the Organ-room, and who states most positively that there was no cause whatever for the gross and truly unfounded report of the man Giles. This gentleman also called on Dr. Bedford to soften and induce him to revoke his determination, pleading hard, and only desiring an opportunity to confront the maligner face to face. Surely this was not an unreasonable request-but, no : that even would not be granted, because he (Dr. Bedford) had known the man Giles for years, and therefore said he must believe his statement, though this gentleman in conversation with the Rev. Doctor at once laid open a most direct and wilful falsehood which Giles had presented in the matter; but notwithstanding the proof of one falsehood, the Doctor said he would not enter into the subject; but, forsooth, a judgment was to be passed, and by him too who ought to have been the last to bring down her whom he had himself exalted; and this even in the absence of justice.

I was unfortunately unable to attend Church during the whole day, being confined to my room from a sudden attack of illness; this being the first time I was absent from the singing gallery since my daughter's accession thereto, invariably superintending the choir myself. This day, then, was the opportunity for an attack, thinking that the report would not meet with any formidable opposition, I not being there; but under all these disadvantageous circumstances, I pleaded the safety of my daughter's character, which was at stake, upon such an expulsion from the Church; but the Rev. Doctor said she should be received again as organist when she was a little older, and that her age was all he objected to. This was indeed poor relief and consolation to both parent and child. Her whom the public papers announced as a native credit to the young colony on her appointment, was now to be brought low because she was not older, though eight months had elapsed since she first played the organ at St. David's. Is this, I ask any right-minded person, just cause for such treatment at the hand of Dr. Bedford? I appeal to parents of what I my feelings must be. I then appealed to Mr. Elliston, who is Churchwarden, merely to institute an inquiry into this matter, causing us so much pain; but his reply was, "Dr. Bedford had made up his mind to have Mr. Packer, and therefore he could do nothing in the matter, though most willing to do so." My daughter was then to be turned out to let Mr. Packer in. Here then, colonists, is the sum total of the affair; but I must, before concluding, express my regret that the Churchwardens had not that honesty to institute an inquiry, which indeed was their duty and place, setting aside the judgment of Dr. Bedford; if it was but for our own justification, merely by them to be exonerated, we could with better force meet an inquisitive public. Had the case been one which I could insist upon bringing before a court of justice, I would willingly have done so. The Churchwardens had the appointing of Mr. Packer, and have all to do with his instalment, but of course nothing to do with Miss Bonney's expulsion; they put it on Dr. Bedford's shoulders, being broader than their own; and this is the way Dr. Bedford gets out of it. He says he never had any idea of putting Mr. Packer into Miss Bonney's place; that it was the place of the Churchwardens to enquire into and settle such matters, and thereby we become a perfect shuttlecock between two battledores at last; when neither hit we fall to the ground. Thus, while the Churchwardens are bringing in with one hand Mr. Packer, with the other hand they are pushing out my daughter and speaking all sorts of kind and sympathising soft words.

I now leave you to judge for yourselves: the bottom of it all, - had Mr Packer not come into the country, my daughter would now he peacefully and satisfactorily continuing her duties at St. David's.

In conclusion, to show the deception carried on, Mr. Packer had the audacity to call at my house shortly before this affair transpired, and said that if they (meaning Dr. Bedford, &c) gave him a thousand pounds he would not go to the organ of St David's but with clean hands; that he was a father himself, and was fully sensible of what my feelings must be upon the subject of another organist being likely to take my child's lawful position. So far from this, pure sentiment as it would seem, on last Sunday evening, when even Dr. Bedford did not contemplate Mr. Packer's attending the Bishop's lecture, closed and locked up the organ-room, for fear my daughter should go to play there; but Mr. Elliston, perhaps thinking when he came that we were inside and shut the doors on him, took the lead, led the way round to the side, and was the first to mount to the railing, after a little exertion, in the presence of the congregation then assembled; but the enemy was not there. The remainder of Mr. Elliston's choir got in one by one, and Mr. Packer then commenced his performance for the evening at the Organ which perhaps he considered he sat before, to use his own words, with clean hands.
JAMES BONNER. Hobart Town, 7th September, 1852.

"[Advertisement]: "To the Editor", The Courier (25 September 1852), 4

[ADVERTISEMENT.] To the Editor of the Courier. SIR, - I desire, through the medium of your journal, to lay before the members of the congregation of St. David's some brief particulars relative to the Organship [sic] of that Church: - . . . I am free, to admit Mr. Bonney at first had cause to feel annoyed. But after having on the 28th August resigned Dr. Bedford's morning and afternoon services; and, on the 5th September, agreed to resign altogether for a consideration, which on the 6th was ratified by the acceptance of a cheque for £20, duly paid on the same day, I cannot now look upon his persistence to be reinstated in a favourable light. It is not only unwise, but something more.

To Mr. F. A. Packer an apology is due. He kindly gave his assistance on Sunday the 5th, at the request of Dr. Bedford-and on the evening of the same day at my solicitation. The "head and front of his offence hath this extent, no more" - against Mr. Bonney.
I am, Sir, Your obedient servant,
WM. GORE ELLISTON, Churchwarden. 20th September.

"DEATHS", Examiner (3 December 1932), 1 

"CHURCH WINDOW", The Mercury (10 January 1938), 3 


New Zealand musician, composer, violinist, music retailer

Born c.1830
Arrived New Zealand, before 1852
Died San Francisco, California, USA, 26 September 1883 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


One work by Bonnington, The Emmeline polkas was published in London in 1849 [date from BL catalogue]; he was a "music master" near Nelson in New Zealand by 1852. He published at least two works in Australia.


Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle (7 February 1852), 4

LIST of PERSONS qualified to serve as JURORS, in the District of NELSON, New Zealand, for the Year 1852-53: . . . Bonnington, Joseph, Waimea east, shoemaker; Bonnington, Charles, Welwyn place, music master

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1853), 1

NEW PUBLICATION. In a few days, The Georgiana Polka, by M. C. Bonnington

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 March 1860), 2s

SOUTHERN CROSS SCHOTTISCHE, beautifully illustrated, just published, price 2s. Joseph Wilkie, 16 Collins-street.

[Advertisement], Taranaki Herald (4 May 1861), 2

The Band of H.M. 57th Regiment . . .. PROGRAMME . . . Schottische . . . The Southern Cross . . . Bonnington"

[Advertisement], Manawatu Herald (22 June 1880), 4

"DEATHS", Colonist (29 November 1883), 3 

BONNINGTON - September 26, 1883, at San Francisco, Charles Bonnington, late of Christchurch.

Musical works:

The Emmeline polkas for the P.Forte, by Charles Bonnington (London, [1849])

BL  Music Collections h.943.(37.)

The Georgiana polka ("dedicated to Miss Richmond of Nelson, New Zealand") ([Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, 1853])


Southern alps schottische ("Respectfully dedicated to W. M. Stanton, Esq. Nelson") ([?; ?])

Southern cross schottische ([Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1860])

Copy at London, British Library, Music Collections h.1485.c.(24.)

See also an NZ music print sold from Bonnington's premises:

Bibliography and resources:

John Mansfield Thomson (ed.), The Oxford history of New Zealand music, 45, 48

. . . Charles Bonnington had a music shop and music rooms in Cathedral Square and composed popular pieces . . . [at Nelson] A short-lived Philharmonic Society, conducted by Charles Bonnington, arose in 1852"

Edmund Bohan, Blest madman: Fitzgerald of Canterbury (Canterbury: Canterbury University Press, 1998), 300

Fanny herself sang, "in admirable style", Regret with the accomplished Charles Bonnington's violin obligato.


Historian, Indigenous music and culture reporter

Born Lingfield, Surrey, England, 8 July 1817
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 10 October 1841
Died Soutwick, Sussex, England, 6 February 1906 (NLA persistent identifier)

BONWICK, Walter (Walter BONWICK)

Singing master, musician, music educator, composer

Born Southwark, England, 21 November 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by early 1855
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 13 September 1883, aged 58 years (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BONWICK, Arthur (Arthur BONWICK)

Pianist, composer

Born Hawthorn, VIC, 1863; baptised Christ Church, Hawthorn, VIC, 4 September 1863; son of Walter BONWICK and Mary BRITTON
Died Toowoomba, QLD, 4 August 1882, aged 19


Brother of the journalist and historian James Bonwick, Walter was senior singing master for Victorian public schools from 1855 until his death in 1883. As a composer he published both in his own right and in collaboration with George Weinritter. His son, Arthur, a pupil of Thomas Guenett, died aged 19 in 1882.


[Advertisement]: "MR. WALTER BONWICK'S EASY AND PROGRESSIVE SONGS", The Argus (11 July 1857), 5

[News], The Argus (20 April 1880), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 August 1882), 1

"MUSICAL ECHOES", The Brisbane Courier (2 September 1882), 7

WE often travel abroad to hear news. I find that a Victorian composer has written an original theme, with variations, for the piano. His name is Mr. Arthur Bonwick, and he holds a diploma of the Victorian Musical Association. The Musical Standard in reviewing this composition says:- "The theme is a touching bit of pure melody, judiciously clothed in natural harmonics. . . . The composer is a gifted young Australian, afflicted, it is feared, with a serious consumptive tendency, and the piece gains in its touching expression from the fact that the pen of its composer may, alas! soon be laid aside."

"Deaths", The Argus (14 September 1883), 1

[News], The Argus (15 September 1883), 9

The death of Mr. Walter Bonwick, senior singing master, has deprived the Education department of an old und valued officer. He was employed as instructor of singing under the National Board of Education as far back as 1851 [?], and when the two boards - the national and denominational - were merged in the department of Public Instruction his services were retained. He brought high qualifications and a zealous spirit to bear upon his work, which has produced valuable fruit. He was, it may be said, not only an instructor but a composer. His musical writings included several books of songs for children, which were extensively used in the public schools. He was for many years organist of Christ Church, Hawthorn, where he resided until recently . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Guy Featherstone, "Bonwick, James (1817-1906)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Beverley Maclellan, Walter Bonwick (1824-1883): Walter Bonwick and the establishment of music teaching in the national schools of Victoria, 1855-1856 (M.Ed thesis, University of Melbourne, 1990)

Beverley Maclellan, Walter Bonwick and the place of music in the curriculum of the national, common and state schools, 1854-1883 (Ph.D thesis, University of Melbourne, 1996)

Beverley Maclellan, The brothers Bonwick ([Melbourne]: Author, 1996)

Musical works:

The Irish peasant girl ("The new ballad . . . Sung with great applause by Madame Anna Bishop") (Melbourne: W. H. Williams for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum, [1856]) 

In memory of thee (song; words: Mrs. Alex. Newton) (originally published in The Illustrated Journal of Australasia 3/13 (July 1857); here as reprinted in Williams's musical annual and Australian sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 21-23) 

[With George Weinritter] Thirty-three easy songs ("in two or more parts (principally original): compiled for the use of the Australian youth (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858) 

The Australian school song book (containing sixty-six original songs composed by Walter Bonwick) (Melbourne: Clarson, Massina, 1871) 

BOOM, Richard William

Professor of music, cricketer, bandmaster (brass band, Boom's Quadrilles Band, Prahran State School fife and drum band), flautist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1840
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1868
Died Prahran, VIC, 1898


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (8 January 1868), 4

"SOUTHERN V. RICHMOND", The Argus (13 November 1871), 6

"LICENSED VICTUALLERS' ASYLUM", The Argus (29 October 1875), 6

"SERVICE OF SONG IN THE TOWN HALL", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (15 July 1882), 5

"Local News", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (7 October 1882), 4

A movement has been initiated amongst the pupils attending the Malvern-road State School . . . to collect a sufficient amount with which to establish a fife and drum band. With the pronounced proclivities of young Australians, there need be no fear as to the success of the band; and if under the guidance of an experienced bandmaster like Mr. Boom, there is reason why there should not be, at no distant time, a band contest between the St. Kilda and Prahran bands. 

[News], The Argus (24 November 1883), 8

BOOTH, Agnes (in Australia as "Miss Marion AGNES"; Marion Agnes Land ROOKES; BROOKE(S); ? SMEATHMAN)

Theatrical dancer, actor

Born Sydney, NSW, ? 4 October 1843 / or 1846
Departed Sydney, NSW, c.1858
Died Boston, USA, 2 January 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 June 1856), 3 

Queen's Theatre, West Maitland. UNDER THE MANAGEMENT of MRS. SMEATDMAN. BENEFIT OF MISS JULIA CLIFFORD. TO-NIGHT, THURSDAY, JUNE 4TH. First appearance of Mr. J. HALL (of the Newcastle Theatre) . . . First night of LA TARANTELLA! BY MISS AGNEES and MR. J. HALL . . .

[Recollections], The theatre [London, England] (1890), 366

. . . Agnes Booth said: "In Australia I danced in all the operas with Mme. . . . There was an amateur company among the officers, and they were to play the "Lady of Lyons." Mrs. Brutone, who was then Miss Julia Clifford, was to play Pauline and I was to dance the Highland fling . . .

Gallery of plays from the Illustrated American (1894), 40

MRS. JOHN B. SCHOEFFEL, wife of the famous impresario and manager of grand opera, was born in Sydney, Australia . . . When Anna Bishop toured Australia, Marion Agnes danced in all the operas of that prima donna . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Gerald M. Bordman and Thomas S. Hischak, The Oxford companion to American theatre ( ), 83 (PREVIEW)

. . . Coming from her native Sydney, Australia, she made her first American appearance in San Francisco in 1858 as a child dancer. Using the name Agnes Land, she acted at Maguire's Opera House, then as Mrs. H. A. Perry she made her Broadway debut in 1865 . . . When she married Junius Brutus Booth Jr., in 1867, she took the name of Mrs. J. B. Booth, later simplified to Agnes Booth . . .

BOOTH, William

Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

BORSOTTI, Paolo (Signor BORSOTTI; Pablo)

Bass vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 December 1855 (per Melbourne, from Concepción, Peru, 12 September)
Departed ? after June 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Paolo Borsotti, "from the Italian Opera Lima and Valparaiso" made his first Australian appearance on 7 January 1856 at Melbourne's Theatre Royal, part of Lewis Lavenu's opera season in which, with Clarisse Cailly, Sarah Flower, Maria Carandini, Mons. Barre, and Emile Coulon, he starred in Donizetti's Don Pasquale and Daughter of the regiment, Rossini's The Barber of Seville, and Bellini's Norma.

In February he made his Melbourne concert debut with Elizabeth Testar, Miska Hauser, and pianist Emilie Smith. In June 1857, on a bill with Anna Bishop, Borsotti was reportedly suffering some infirmity, though was last billed in Melbourne to appear with Bishop that month, as Dr. Dulcamara, in the local premiere of Donizetti's L'elisir d'amore.

He reappeared briefly in Sydney in June 1858, advertising in the Herald: "SlGNOR BORSOTTI, First Bass Singer, from the Italian Opera, Milan, Paris, Madrid, London, America, and Melbourne, and Just arrived." I have as yet found no reference at all to Borsotti outside Australia.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (8 December 1855), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 December 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1856), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (10 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (15 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 January 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1856), 8

"M. LAGLAISE'S BENEFIT", The Argus (5 June 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1858), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 91-93

BORTON, Jane Elizabeth (Miss BORTON, Miss J. E. BORTON; Jane Elizabeth BORTON; Mrs. George WICKHAM)

Amateur musician

Born ? Sydney, NSW, c.1833
Married George Wickham, St. James's, Sydney, NSW, 5 August 1857
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 11 November 1866, aged 33


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1857), 1 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1866), 7 


3 owner bound albums of sheer music (vols. 2-4); "Miss J. E. Borton"; MS inscription: "Miss Jane Elizabeth Borton", on titlepages of several scores, some with date; most scores published in Sydney or London; State Library of New South Wales 

BOSTOCK, John Arthur

Organ builder, convict

Arrived, 13 February 1832 (per Asia, from England, 29 September 1831)
Died ? Liverpool, NSW, 1871, aged 70


When assigned as a servant on arrival in Sydney, Bostock was described as "organ builder and gardener". In January 1840, after the conclusion of his 7 year sentence, the Sydney organ builder John Kinloch advertised:

IF JOHN AUTHER [sic] BOSTOCK, who eight years ago was in the employment of Renn and Boston, Organ Builders, Manchester, will apply to Mr. John Kinlock [sic], Organ Builder, Prince-street, Sydney . . . he will hear of something to his advantage.


"Arrivals", The Sydney Monitor (18 February 1832), 4

"RETURN OF CONVICTS ASSIGNED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 June 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 January 1840), 3

Related material:

"The Convict's Burial. Written on board the Asia Prison Ship on her passage to New South Wales (from the East India Magazine)", The Australian (8 June 1832), 4


Organist (St. Peter's, Melbourne)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1858


[Advertisement], The Age (27 April 1858), 1


On Tuesday evening the whole of the first, and the greater portion of the second parts of Haydn's "Creation," with selections from the works of Handel, Mendelssohn, and Beethoven, were performed in this church, in connection with the opening of an organ erected therein by Mr. Biggs, organ builder, Little Lonsdale street . . . The organ, ably played by Mr. Boswell, organist of St. Peter's, is small but powerful, and its tone of excellent quality. The attendance was numerous, but not crowded. The receipts will scarcely clear the instrument from debt.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jesse Biggs (organ builder)

BOSWELL, Annabella (Annabella Alexandra Campbell INNES; Mrs. Patrick BOWSELL)

Diarist, memoirist

Born Yarrows, near Bathurst, NSW, 26 September 1826
Departed NSW, 1865 (for Scotland) Died Scotland, 25 October 1916 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


"A JOURNAL OF EARLY AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1911), 5


Papers of Annabella Innes Boswell; Port Macquarie Museum 

The papers comprise Annabella's journals and correspondence, her transcriptions of other family correspondence, her sketches and drawings, some photographs, some papers relating to her mother, and some correspondence between Patrick Boswell and his family. Annabella's papers have now been inscribed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register.
BOS/1 Journals and Recollections, 1848-1898 This series comprises original journals (a couple written in 1848-49, others written in the 1880s and 1890s), recollections compiled (or transcribed) from original journals that no longer exist, printed editions of some recollections, and some other notes presumably made to refresh her memory. The last item in the series appears to have been written by her husband Patrick Boswell.
BOS/2 Letters, 1826-1857 comprises original letters written by various members of the family and collected or retained by Annabella. Also included are numerous transcriptions of letters, presumably lent to Annabella and copied by her. Even though many of the transcriptions were made by Annabella in her later years in Scotland, the letters all relate to the period of her life in Australia.
BOS/3 Transcriptions of letters written by John Douglas Boswell to his mother and family, 1900-1901 . . .
BOS/4 Paintings and drawings, 1836-1861 The series consists of two sketchbooks and a number of loose sketches and paintings. Some of the sketches and paintings are incomplete, and many are not dated. In the case of the yellow sketch book, it appears that Annabella completed and signed a number of the paintings after they had originally been done, so that she could give the book as a gift to her mother.
BOS/5 Photographs, n.d. Most of these photographs are undated, but most appear to have been taken in Australia before Annabella and her family moved to Scotland in 1865.
BOS/6 Papers relating to Mrs. G. L. M. Innes, 1842-1864 probably acquired by Annabella after her mother's death. They relate to her property interests in Australia, and give some indication of her financial situation.
BOS/7 Letters written between Patrick Boswell and his family, 1839-1848

Boswell 1890 (DIGITISED)

Boswell 1911a (? Boswell 1908) (DIGITISED)

Boswell 1911b


Ngaire M. Souter, "Boswell, Annabella Alexandrina Campbell (1826-1914)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005)

BOTT, John

Violinist, musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850


"THE LATE MURDER", The Argus (5 July 1850), 2

John Bott (musician). I was at the Angel Inn playing the violin on the night of the 24th June last; the landlord employed me so to act; I entered the house about six, and left about five minutes to 10 o'clock; a great many persons were in the house that night; nearly all the rooms in the lower part of the house were full; another violin was playing in the bar, the person who officiated in the bar left the house before me. I had been in the habit of playing for the house about six weeks previously; I know but few persons in town, having only lately arrived from Sydney; I recollect seeing the deceased several times on the evening of the 24th June: he appeared to be very drunk, he was noisy but not quarrelsome; when he came into the room where I was playing on the violin, some persons appeared to urge him from behind, and drag him back again : he never came further than the door; I could not see who the persons were that endeavoured to prevent Jones from entering the room . . .

Edward Enderby, labourer - On Tuesday, the 25th ultimo, I saw a man whom I have since ascertained was living at the Angel Inn, come in great haste to the house of Barlow the fiddler while the inquest was sitting, and having apparently made some communication, immediately departed. (This Barlow was the musician who played the fiddle in the bar on the night of the murder.)

"THE MURDER IN LONSDALE", The Melbourne Daily News (5 July 1850), 2 

John Bott who described himself as a musician, residing off Little Bourke-street, Melbourne, deposed - I recollect the night of the 24th June I was at the Angel Inn playing the violin, by the invitation of Dennis Egan the landlord; I went to the house about 6 o'clock and left a little before 10 o'clock; about five minutes before; there were a good many people in the house, all the rooms in the lower part of the house were full in fact; there was another violin playing in the bar which kept it full also; they were not dancing there, the bar was too full, there was no room for any dancing. When I left there were a great number of people in the house; the other fiddler left before me; I know very few of the names of the people, I have been about three months in Melbourne, and have been in the habit of playing at the Angel Inn about six weeks; I recollect seeing the deceased at the door of the room where I was playing several times that night; he appeared to be very much in liquor . . .

A witness named Edward Enderby was here called . . . The day of the inquest he saw a man who was a lodger at the Angel Inn (not the cook) going in a great hurry to the house of one Barlow who was one of the fiddlers at the house on the night of the 24th; in a short time he returned again . . .


John Barlow


Songwriter, comedian, journalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 July 1840 (per Theresa, from London via Plymouth 24 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1894, aged 76

BOURSIQUOT, George Darley

Journalist, newspaper editor, music commentator and reviewer

Born Dublin, Ireland, 1818; son of Samuel BOURSIQUOT and Anne DARLEY
Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1844-50



Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1893


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (24 February 1842), 3 

"To the Editor", The Melbourne Argus (16 February 1847), 3

"THE DINNER", South Australian (3 May 1850), 3

Mr. Ellard was then called on for a song. He sang one which was encored but instead of repeating it, he gave one, called "The Irish dragoon". Certainly we heard nothing in it of an obscene or improper character, but we were at the top of the room and the singer at the bottom; those near him describe it as one of a most unfit kind to be introduced in decent society, and his lordship, who before the song, had risen to go, leaving the room when it was concluded, considerable excitement was the consequence; indeed, from the time of the first interruption order had not been fully restored.

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (7 May 1850), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (15 May 1850), 2

Mr. F. Ellard, the musician, who was formerly in this province, appears to have given great offence, by singing an indecent song at the dinner of the St. Patrick's Society, in the presence of the Roman Catholic Bishop. Mr. Ellard denies the soft impeachment, and states that the song was written by his esteemed friend Arthur Leslie Boucicault [Boursiquot], brother of Dion Boucicault, of London, the author. This Monsieur Leslie Boucicault is also an old Port Phillipian, and will be recollected by many here.

[News], The Argus (3 August 1893), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1894), 1

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Brisbane Courier (1 March 1906), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Material relating to Dion's Boucicault's brother, Arthur Smith Bou(r)cicault, and his family, who were resident in Australia; University of Kent, library, special collections )UKC-CALB-BIO.F205511)

BOULANGER, Edward Desiree (Edouard Desirée BOULANGER; E. D. BOULANGER) see main page Edward BOULANGER
BOULANGER, Kate (Madame BOULANGER) see main page Kate BOULANGER



Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852
? Died Maryborough, VIC, 29 August 1865


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1865), 7

BOULTON, George (George BOULTON)

Amateur musician (Dilletanti Society)

Born Pilton, Somerset, 1817; baptised Pilton, 2 June 1817; son of John BOLTON and Elizabeth WRINTMORE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 24 February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from Plymouth, 11 October 1837)
Married Adelaide CONWAY, Sydney, NSW, 1846
Died Sydney, NSW, 24 April 1854, aged "37"


George Boulton, aged 21, and his elder brother William, aged 28, both of them tailors, were bounty immigrants on the Upton Castle, arriving in Sydney in February 1838. According to the bounty records, John was a native of Pilton, Somerset, and son of John Boulton, also a tailor.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Pilton in the county of Somerset in the year 1817; register 1813-79, page 16; Somerset Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 126 / June 2nd / George son of / John & Elizabeth / Boulton / Pilton / Tailor . . .

List of passengers on board the Upton Castle, Thomas Williams, Commander, arrived Sydney, February 1838; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Cabin - Sir Geo. Gipps, Lady Gipps . . .
Steerage . . . Mrs. Walton, Seamstress / 53 // Sophia Walton / Governess / 18 // Mr. Humphrey [Walton] / Teacher [of] Music / 19 . . .
George Boulton / [Tailor] / 21 // Wm. [Boulton] / [Tailor] / 28 . . .

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (26 February 1838), 2 

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 January 1840), 3

Dilletanti Society.
THE Public are hereby cautioned against giving credit, on account of this Society, to George Smith, late Secretary, he having been expelled by the unanimous vote of a General Meeting.
By order of the Committee, G. BOULTON, Chairman.
Jan. 25, 1840.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (31 January 1839), 3 

Dilletanti Society. ACCOUNTS having been presented to the Society, which were entered on the books as having been paid by the late Secretary, the Society beg leave to call the public attention to the Advertisement of their Committee, as published in the journals of the day.
By order of the Committee, G. BOULTON, Jan. 31, 1840.


Professor of Music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 March 1852 (per Earl of Charlemont, from Liverpool, 12 December 1851)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1853-56


Boulton commenced an elementary singing class, on Hullah's system, at the Sydney Mechanics School of Arts in March 1853, and in April also advertised as a private teacher of "Pianoforte, Organ, Singing, Musical Composition, &c, No. 188, Elizabeth street North".

He began presenting weekly concerts in the summer of 1854-55. In August 1855 he advertised as a teacher of pianoforte on Logier's system.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (30 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1853), 3

SYDNEY MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS. THE General Committee of the above Institution having made arrangements with Mr. James Boulton, Professor of Music, for the conduct of a Singing Class, in connection therewith, upon the system of Professor John Hullah, beg to inform the members and the public generally that the same will open on Monday, the 4th April next, and that the Secretary will now receive the names of parties wishing to join the said Class, and render all information required as to fees, &c.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 April 1853), 1

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

. . . A party of amateurs, under the direction of Mr. Bolton, the Professor of Music at the Society of Arts, sang two German glees with great taste and feeling. These gentlemen, by dint of much practice together, have acquired that ensemble that is so necessary in glee singing. Their voices harmonise admirably, and they pay attention to the expression sought to be conveyed by the music . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (16 August 1855), 1

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 2-3 

. . . During the evening several glees were sung - most of them German. All were well received, but there was a strong partiality shown to the "Model British glee" - "by Celia's Arbour" - the singers being Messrs. Colley, Fisher, Walcott, and J. Bolton. The vocal efforts of Mrs. St. John Adcock noted with plaudits they deservedly won. Mons. Paling was enchored [sic] in his performance on the violin . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (1 January 1856), 1

SYDNEY MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS - CLASSES - The quarter will commence on the 7th January . . .
[Study] Vocal Music, Hullah's system / [Teacher] Mr. James Boulton / [Lessons per week] Two / [Terms per Quarter] Seven shillings and sixpence /
[Study] The Pianoforte, with use of instrument / [Teacher] Mr. James Boulton / [Lessons per week] Two / [Terms per Quarter] One Guinea and a-half. J. DYER, Secretary

BOURN, Miss (Miss BOURN; or Miss BOURNE)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853

BOURN, Georgina Charlotte (Georgina Charlotte HOBBS; Mrs. Sturges BOURN)

Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte

Born England, 1835; baptised St. James, Bath, 5 June 1835
Married Sturges BOURN, St. James, Bath, 25 December 1851 (minor)
Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1852; Bendigo, VIC, 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms in the parish of St. James, Bath . . . in the year 1835, page 138

June 5th / Georgina Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Flower Hobbs, Southgate Street, Saddler and Harness maker / and Maria . . .

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (11 November 1852), 5

. . . The following is the programme for this evening, introducing also, we perceive, a new lady singer: - Overture - Zauberflott [sic]; Song - Messenger, Mr. Gregg; Solo Violln - Mr. Weston; Song - The slave, Mrs. Testar; Die Peerlen Waltzer; Song - I would I were a Fairy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Duett - Dearest, let my footsteps follow, Mrs. Testar and Mr Gregg. Sinfonia.- Heroica. [sic] PART II. Overture.- Anacreon; Song.- Rock'd in the Cradle of the Deep, Mr. Gregg; Song, - I'd be a Gipsy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Solo Cornet a'Piston - Mr. de Grey; Ballad.- Roam with me, Mrs Testar; Sturm Marsch Galop. Song.- Revenge, Mr. Gregg; Finale - Rule, Britannia.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

MRS. STURGES BOURN, Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte. For terms, apply at her residence, 79, Stephen-street, next door to Mr. Long, Chemist and Druggist.

"BIRTH", Bendigo Advertiser (2 June 1856), 2



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 May 1851 (per Windsor, from London, 15 February)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (31 May 1851), 2

"STRANGERS TAKEN IN AND DONE FOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 June 1851), 3

The portly form of Mr. Joel John Cohen entered the testimonial box yesterday, and that gentleman gave most powerful evidence against Wm. Joseph Brown, waiter at the Sir Richard Bourke Inn, Pitt-street, and Patrick Walsh, occupation not very defined, touching and concerning a gold chain which had departed from the hands of its proper owner. Walsh entered Mr. Cohen's shop on Wednesday and offered the chain for sale. Mr C. examined it with his clear, piercing, microscopic eye, and found unmistakeable marks of it having been torn away from some person unknown; he therefore questioned Walsh, who stated that it was found on Friday in Pitt-street. "Was it?" said Mr. Cohen. "Then I shall detain it and you till the police are made acquainted with that fact." Walsh altered his statement, and declared he got the article from Brown. Apprehension of the pair was the natural remit - and lo! the real owner of the glittering treasure was found in the person of Mr. John Bourne, musician, a new arrival per Windsor. Mr. Bourne being interrogated, deposed that he landed last Friday at two o'clock with a friend. They strolled about the streets and selected the Mayor Inn, Pitt-street, as their first house of call. There they were entertained most agreeably, and also received the pleasing intelligence that they could have beds for the night. The strangers departed for another stroll, and entered into so many hostelries on their travels, that they were utterly unable to see a hole through a ladder, or distinguish "The Mayor" from "The White Horse." Unluckily they walked into the "Sir Richard Bourke," were they remained imbibing till midnight. On turning down Pitt-street, Mr Bourne was hustled by several persons, and in the scuffle lost all guard over his chain; in fact, "the last links were broken which bound it to him." And, as misfortunes never come alone, he found himself hurried to the watch-house for protection - in other words, for being excessively drunk. Mr. B. told his tale in the most naif way, and admitted that he-never complained of his loss to the Police, as he dreamt that little faith was to be placed in that illustrious body . . .

BOWDEN, Mary (Mrs. Alfred BOWDEN) = Mary DENTITH
BOWDEN, Alfred Henry (Alfred BOWDEN)

Musician, music teacher

Died Launceston, TAS, 3 June 1932


"OBITUARY. MR. A. H. BOWDEN", Examiner (4 June 1932), 6 

BOWEN, Charles

Violinist (Royal Lyceum Theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861


[Advertisement], Empire (5 August 1861), 1

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE. Lessee, Mr. R. TOLANO . . . FIRST NIGHT OF THE DRAMATIC SEASON! THIS (Monday) EVENING, August 5th . . . A Full and Efficient Orchestra of first class Artistes. Leader and Director, Mr. G. Peck; Principal second Violin, Mr. Charles Bowen; Flute, Mr. Palmer; Clarionet, Mr. McCoy; Double Bass, Mr. Seal; Bassoon, Mr. Wright; Cornet, Mr. McHarnish; Drums and Triangle, Mr. Johnson . . .



Active Bendigo, VIC, c. 1860


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (24 December 1860), 1 

ON BOXING DAY, 26th DECEMBER, For the Benefit of MRS. STEWART ELLIS . . .
INSTRUMENTALISTS: Mr O. Linden, pianist and Conductor.
Mr. A. Usher, Leader. Messrs Hid, Brown, Burgess, Allen, Bower, Kohler . . .


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

SIR - I respectfully beg that you will in your journal contradict - "That I have leased the Theatre to any one." But that, from the great sums I have expended for its re opening, not only the scenery, dresses, and others; and, though last, not least, a considerable number of musicians ; amongst the names of the gentlemen, are - Mr. Dean (leader), his Three Sons, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Turner, Papping and Son (French horns), Johnson, White, Westrop, White, Bowles, and others whose names I have not taken note of. And I trust, when I take charge of the Theatre, to conduct it with respectability, and make it convenient to a liberal public. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, BARNETT LEVEY. Thursday, 20th March, 1836



Active Adelaide, SA, 1859


? "SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (7 September 1859), 3

The usual quarterly soiree in connection with the South Australian Institute took place at White's Assemby Room, on Tuesday evening September 6 . . . The musical entertainment was, as on former occasions, divided, part coming before and part after the lecture. The vocal performers were Mr. J. W. Daniel, Mrs. Perryman, a young lady (a pupil of Mr. Daniel), and two gentlemen amateurs . . .

"PORT ADELAIDE INSTITUTE. OPENING SOIREE", South Australian Register (12 October 1859), 3

The first soiree in connection with the Port Adelaide Institute was held, as announced, on Monday evening, in the large room at the White Horse Cellar . . . The entertainment was commenced with a glee, "Through lanes with hedgerows," which was executed in a most pleasing manner by Mrs. Perryman, Mrs. Daniel, Miss Bowman, and Messrs. Daniel, Christen, and Lake; after which Mrs. Perryman and Miss Bowman sang a duet, "I would that my love" . . .

? "MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (28 January 1860), 5 

BOYD, Hannah Villiers (Hannah Villiers BOYD)

Author, writer on music and musical education, songwriter

Born c.1805-7
Active (1) NSW, c.1841-54
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, September 1857 (per Orient)
? Arrived (3) QLD, 1863 (doubtful)
Died Dublin South, Ireland, September 1879 (NLA persistent identifier) 


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1854), 2 

"BOYS IN THE POOR-HOUSE", Cork Constitution [Ireland] (7 December 1854), 2

We have never inserted a letter better worth the attention of those whom it was addressed to than the following. To us it appears of the very highest importance. We did not, however, imagine that in times when there is a general complaint of want labour such a number of boys fit for anything could be enclosed within the walls of a Workhouse: -

TO THE CORK BOARD OF POOR-LAW GUARDIANS. GENTLEMAN - It is now upwards of thirteen years since I embarked from this port for Australia. I passed the greater part of my time, since that period, in Sydney and its vicinity, and have necessarily had ample opportunity of observing the fluctuations in the labour market. When I left Sydney last April, labourers were earning pound a day; mechanics, £2 a day; servants' wages varied from £2O to £3O yearly. The most ignorant servant girl would find plenty of ladies glad to engage to instruct her in every branch of useful domestic service, and to give her £2O a year wages, but good servants, who did not require to be taught their business, would only hire by the week, and ask from ten to fifteen shillings per week. Washing was 6s. a dozen; meat and bread were the same price as they are here; butter, eggs, and vegetables dearer; tea, sugar, and rice, cheaper. I arrived in this city on Friday last, and went yesterday to visit the poorhouse . . . and I was much pleased with the cleanliness and good order everywhere visible . . .. I was grieved to see four-hundred boys in the Poor House yesterday, who would all be capable of supporting themselves once landed in Australia . . . There are numbers of respectable and wealthy employers of labour in Sydney and its neighbourhood who would be glad to get such boys as apprentices, without any fee, and teach them useful trades, or employ them in shepherding or agriculture. Could not an experiment be made sending immediately few of the most grown to Sydney, under a confidential individual, who might act as their instructor on the voyage? On their arrival there, I feel certain, that if I were to write one or two letters to friends in Sydney, a number of gentlemen would ready to take them from the ship, to pay the expense of their passage, and to engage them as apprentices . . . I can only took on the poor houses as nurseries for Australia. Thus a continual stream of self-supporting emigration might be carried on, and the public need not be burdened with the support of any paupers but children under 12 years old . . . you will give my suggestions a little consideration, I remain, gentlemen, yours respectfully, HANNAH V. BOYD. 6, Belgrave Place, 5th Dec. 1854.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 February 1855), 6 

PREPARING FOR THE PRESS. - Some passages in the Life of a Governess, by Hannah Villiers Boyd. The above work is to be printed in French and English for presentation at the Exhibition in Paris, in 1855. Persons desirous of procuring copies are requested to give their names to Messrs. WAUGH and COX, George-street.

[Advertisement], Clare Journal, and Ennis Advertiser [Ireland] (29 August 1861), 2

MRS. HANNAH VILLIERS BOYD, WHO has resided Fifteen Years in Australia, will give a LECTURE on SOCIAL EMIGRATION to that Country, at the COURT-HOUSE, ENNIS, on SATURDAY, AUGUST 31st, at ONE O'CLOCK. Admittance, 1d; Reserved Seats, 6d. Profits to be applied to Assisting the Cause of Emigration. Tickets for Reserved Seats to be had at Mrs. Molony's Grocer, Church-street.

"TO THE EDITOR", Cork Constitution [Ireland] (27 January 1863), 2

SIR - I read with much pleasure a letter published in your Journal, dated Monday, 19th inst., from a gentleman residing in Ipswich, Queensland, giving a very interesting description of the locality in which he has been evidently a successful settler. You will oblige me by giving a place in your columns to the following extract from a work which I have been fortunate enough to meet with at the house of a friend, as I purpose (D.V.) embarking for Queensland in May or June next. The title of the book in Queensland, Australia; a highly eligible field for emigration . . . By JOHN D. LANG, D.D., A.M. The fifth chapter thus commences:

"The principle districts to the northward . . . and most productive cotton grounds in the world."

Boyd edited extracts from pages 114-19 

I remain, Sir, yours respectfully, H. V. BOYD, Cork, January 22nd.

"POETRY AND MUSIC. LECTURE BY MRS. VILLIERS BOYDE", Clare Journal, and Ennis Advertiser [Ireland] (20 February 1865), 3

On Thursday evening last a very practical lecture on the above subjects was delivered in the large room of the Town Hall by the above-named lady, teacher of music, languages, &c, in Kilkee. Mrs. Boyde commenced by describing, in a brief but comprehensive manner, the nature and properties of poetry and music, how they differed in relation to each other, and what effect they had on the minds of those who composed or heard them discoursed. Poetry required melody, and music harmony. Music was, as Shakspear described it, a "concord of sweet sounds." In his celebrated play of the "Merchant of Venice," he says: "The man that hath no music in himself, And is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils; The motions of his spirit are dull as night, And his affections dark as Erebus: Let no such man be trusted." Mrs. Boyde then went on to say that music required a certain number of different sounds to harmonise, so as to form a distinct air, and referred to the justly celebrated air of "Rousseau's Dream," the first part of which was composed of but three notes. Having played the simple air, she proceeded to play it with variations of her own composing, which were of a very pleasiug and elaborate nature, and rendered still more so by the admirable and skilful manner they were produced on the piano. Mrs. Boyd next referred to certain phases of poetical oomposilion, particularly that of "descriptive poetry," and repeated some very touching verses by way of example. She also referred to music in this respect, and sang Longfellow's exquisite song of "Excelsior" as an illustration. She next sung the lately-composed Australian national song, and some of it to music of her own composing, which was composed by her and offered for a competition at the time the air was about to be established as a national one in this vast colony. It was not accepted, she said, because she was obliged to add some words to the conclusion of each verse, in order to set it music. Having given some other Australian songs, she played with elegant execution and very great sweetness some Irish airs and a set of quadrilles, which appeared be very acceptable to the audience, as they were loudly applauded. She also sang a very amusing melody, and reprated the comic piece of the "Chameleon." After singing one of Moore's melodies, and repeating other poems, she brought the very agreeable entertainment to a conclusion by playing "God save the Queen."

Writing on music:

Hannah Villiers Boyd, Letters on Education; addressed to a friend in the bush of Australia (Sydney: W. and F. Ford, 1848), 64-85 (Letter 4) 

LETTER IV. MY DEAR MRS. ADAM, I regret to say that I have as yet been unsuccessful in my efforts to procure you a pianoforte. Musical instruments are, just now, very scarce in the colony, and I could not get one which I should consider worth sending such a distance, for the price you mention. In a few months I may be more successful, as, no doubt, there will be a supply sent from England, when it is known there is such a demand for them. In the mean time I advise you not to defer teaching Fanny all you can without an instrument. You say you have forgotten a great deal of what you learned yourself for want of a piano to practise on; however I think you will be able to revive your knowledge with the assistance of the little book I send you, called "The Juvenile Pianist." If you will devote an hour or half an hour every day, to studying the theory (which is very clearly explained by Miss Rodwell) with Fanny, you will find that by the time you get a piano, she will have conquered many of the [65] difficulties. I also send you Logier's "First Companion to the Chiroplast." And as soon as she thoroughly understands the difference between lines and spaces, crotchets, quavers, minims, &c., and the various kinds of time, you should make her go regularly through the "Companion to the Chiroplast," telling you the names of all the notes both in the treble and bass,and reckoning the number of semiquavers, &c., which are equal to a minim or crotchet, and comparing each lesson with the rules which she has previously studied in "The Juvenile Pianist." You will perceive that Logier's first lessons are "five-finger exercises," and the Chiroplast, which they are intended to be played with, is an instrument placed over the keys of the piano, which keeps the four fingers and the thumb of each hand in a steady position. It is very useful in Schools and Musical Academies, as it saves a teacher a good deal of trouble; but I think it unnecessary where a teacher can devote half an hour daily to each pupil, and thus watch that the hands do not acquire careless habits. One of the chief objects in putting a child to practise the piano early, is to give the fingers exercise while they are young and tractable; but if you will make Fanny exercise hers for half an hour every day, on the table, it will nearly answer the same purpose, and have this advantage, that she will have no opportunity [66] of being guided by her ear, until she has conquered the difficulty of learning to read music with facility. You should raise her chair a little, so that when sitting at the table, the elbow, wrist, and back of the hand, should be about three inches above it, in an even horizontal line, and the tips of the fingers touching it. Be particular in those exercises where there is only a succession of single notes, not to let her keep more than one finger down at a time, and exercise the hands well alternately, before she puts both down together. By pursuing this plan steadily, you will exercise the reasoning and observing intellectual powers, which are most useful auxiliaries to the organs of Tune and Time.

It would have saved me many an unhappy hour had this system been adopted by my first teachers, and as a proof of the disadvantage attending the adoption of a contrary system, I shall give you a sketch of the history of my musical education. My parents resided in the country, and when I was six years old, and my elder sister seven, my mother engaged a music master to come and instruct us, as he was in the habit of instructing the children of other families in our county and the adjoining ones. He came to our house, for a week at a time, every five or six weeks. During the week of his visit, we were constantly kept at music, and he left us a sufficient number of lessons to practise during [67] his absence. Nothing could succeed better than this plan did with my sister; but she, besides being gified with musical talent, was one of those amiable, tractable, and obedient children, who are never inattentive, and never require to be told any thing a second time. Her progress surpassed the master's expectation, and when but nine years old she was able to play Handel's and Corelli's music at sight, and to form the chords from figures with very little instruction in thorough bass, in concert with the master who played the violincello, and one of my brothers who played the flute. It was a matter of great astonishment to my mother and my other relations that I did not make the same progress, because I had learned to read without any difficulty, and was fond of singing little songs, such as children readily learn; but although I had the'same instruction, and the same opportunity of learning as my sister, I was always in disgrace during the week of Mr. Phillips' visit. No one ever hated another more cordially than I hated him. He used to travel about on a little black pony, with a portmanteau strapped behind him, and when I saw him ride by the drawing-room windows, to give his quadruped in charge of the groom, I often regretted that he had not broken his neck on the road. I felt conscious of having forgotten all he had taught me during his [68] previous visit; and I anticipated plenty of King Solomon's remedy during the ensuing week. Music happened to be the only branch of education which brought me into disgrace, but my poor mother was so anxious that I should excel as a pianist, that she never spared the rod, when Mr. Phillips complained to her of my idleness and obstinacy. He used often himself to knock my knuckles with a pencil, and tell me that my brains should be taken out and washed, or that he should get a hammer and nail, and drive the music into my head; but his and my mother's united efforts were unavailing. I was for seven years learning without making any progress, and it was only after that period, when I learned in France from a master who taught on Logier's system, and made me write all the chords, so as to learn the theory practically, that I began to like music.

Now had Mr. Phillips been a phrenologist, he would have observed that my sister's head and mine were very differently formed, and that, consequently, we each required a different system of instruction. I had Time, Tune, and Imitation, well developed, and found no difficulty in playing by ear; but was deficient in the observing faculties and Concentrativeness, which should all have been carefully exercised by making me both read and write music, before I was put to [69] play a tune; whereas, my sister, who had a fair proportion of all the faculties required to make a good learner, would have improved under any system or teacher. I remember, as a child, that I had a very easily distracted attention , and all the time Mr. Phillips was talking to me about crotchets, quavers, whole tones, semitones, &c., I was thinking of some story book I had been reading, and wishing there had never been such a thing invented as a pianoforte. I had also large Destructiveness, which severity tended to increase; for, when in the drawing-room by myself, I frequently breathed into that part of the piano where the wires were uncovered, in the hope that the strings would become rusty, and break in such numbers that there might be a cessation for a time to practising.

Before you get a pianoforte, you should stimulate Fanny's organs of Time, Tune, and Imitation, and indeed those of all children, by singing frequently for them, and encouraging them to join you. You can do this while you are at your needle-work, or in the evenings before the candles are lighted. I send you the words of a few songs and hymns which all children can understand, and which you can sing to familiar airs. The celebrated American physician, Dr. Rush, recommends singing to be taught to children, not only as an accomplishment, but as a corrective of the too common tendency [70] to pulmonary complaints. "Vocal music," says he, "should never be neglected in the education of a young lady; besides preparing her to join in that part of public worship which consists in Psalmody, it will enable her to soothe the cares of domestic life; and the sorrows that will sometimes intrude into her bosom may be relieved by a song, when sound and sentiment unite to act upon the mind. I here introduce a fact, which has been suggested to me by my profession, and that is, that the exercise of the organs of the chest by singing, contributes much to defend them from those diseases to which the climate and other causes expose them. The Germans are seldom afflicted with consumption. This I believe is in part occasioned by the strength which their lungs acquire by exercising them in vocal music, for this constitutes an essential branch of their education. The master of our academy has furnished me with an observation still more in favour of this opinion. He informed me that he had known several persons, strongly disposed to consumption, who were restored to health by the exercise of their lungs in singing."

The voices of children cannot be exercised too soon, provided they are not allowed to exceed the natural pitch of the voice, which varies in different individuals. A voice may be much injured while a child is young by [71] making an effort to sing too high, and no tone should be attempted which cannot be produced without difficulty. The voice will increase in power as the child grows, by merely exercising it on the lower notes.

I have observed in Europe, that mothers frequently make great mistakes in endeavouring to stimulate their daughters to excel in music, by holding out encouragements to industry in practising, which are injurious to the growth of the moral sentiments, Shakspear tells us -

     The cause why music was ordain'd!
Was it not to refresh the mind of man,
After his studies or his usual pain?

And one of my favorite poets, Cowper, says -

There is in souls a sympathy with sounds,
And as the mind is pitch'd the ear is pleased
With melting airs or martial, brisk or grave,
Some chord in unison with what we hear
Is touch'd within us, and the heart replies.

Now if the motive held out to children to induce them to improve be a good one, such as a wish to please their parents, or to afford gratification to their friends, their dispositions are not likely to be injured by devoting one or two hours every day to the practice of a musical instrument; as Time, Tune, and the observing faculties, are exercised in conjunction with Love of Approbation, Veneration, and Benevolence. If, on the [72] contrary, they are stimulated to try and excel some individual of their acquaintance; encouraged to be ambitious of obtaining praise and admiration in society, and exciting in others that envy which "withers at another's joy;" their selfish feelings will be fostered, and their benevolent ones repressed, while they are devoting their time to learning an accomplishment which may never be a means of adding either to their own happiness, or that of those parents who lavishly spend money in thus stimulating the organ of Self-esteem. If a deficiency of natural taste prevent their arriving at a superior degree of excellence in performance, disappointment will ensue; they will feel themselves that envy which they failed to excite in others, and the pianoforte or harp will be given up in a fit of despair, after, perhaps, much time and money has been wasted.

I enlarge on this subject, my dear Mrs. Adam, because I wish to guard you against those fatal errors in education which I have observed productive of serious evils in that "dear England," which you are so much inclined to sigh after. It is now the fashion there to introduce a very difficult style of music into private society. Shakspear says, in speaking of the refining effect which music should have on the character - [73]

The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils,
The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
And his affections dark as Erebus, -
Let no such man be trusted.

Young ladies in England who follow the dictates of Dame Fashion try to perform on the pianoforte in the very difficult style which Herz and Thalberg have introduced; and, treating English music with contempt, try to sing Italian songs like Pasta or Malibran. A gentleman at an evening party not expressing himself delighted with such performance is probably set down as an individual devoid of taste, and it is well if he be not suspected of being only "fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils." But it should not be forgotten that the poet only finds fault with persons who are not touched by "sweet sounds;" and that there are as great a variety of opinions and taste regarding what is "sweet" in this art, as there are about what is palatable in the art of cookery. Persons who are not accustomed to frequent the Italian Opera House, rarely listen with pleasure to concertos, overtures, or bravura songs. A simple ballad sung with feeling, or a familiar air played with taste, will always give more pleasure to those who prefer music to execution, than the finest concerto, though it were played by Herz himself, or the most beauti-[74]-ful of Bellini's airs, though it were sung by a Catalani. And if young ladies, in learning music, studied the art of pleasing more than the art of astonishing, they would find it a more easy task, and success would more frequently crown their labours.

Parents frequently complain that one child has no ear for music, and that another has no voice. It is not fair to decide this point too soon. An Italian Professor of Music once told me, that any individual who could distinguish the voices of two persons speaking in another room, had an ear; and that any one who could speak had a voice. That some are much more gifted with musical talent and taste than others, no one can deny; but a simple style of music is within the reach of all, and I advise you, as your little boys become old enough, to teach them music, as well as Fanny, and it will improve her to assist you in instructing them.

In the career of Sir William Herschel, we have an example of a man, who immortalized his name by his discoveries in Astronomy and his invention of optical instruments, whose reasoning and observing faculties were developed by application from an early age to the science of music. I shall give you a sketch of his life, which I extracted some time since from The Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties. "He was a native of Hanover, and while yet only an itinerant teacher of [75] music in country towns, he had assiduously devoted his leisure, not only to the making himself more completely master of the language of his adopted country, but also to the acquiring of a knglwledge of the Italian, the Latin, and even the elements of the Greek. At this time probably, he looked to these attainments principally with a view to the advantage he might derive from them in the prosecution of his professional studies; and it was, no doubt, with this view also, that he afterwards applied himself to the perusal of Doctor Robert Smith's "Treatise on Harmonics," one of the most profound works on the science of music which then existed in the English language. But the acquaintance he formed with this work, was destined ere long to change altogether the character of his pursuits. He soon found that it was necessary to make himself a mathematician before he could make much progress in following Dr. Smith's demonstrations. He now therefore turned with his characteristic alacrity and resolution to the new study to which his attention was thus directed; and it was not long before he became so attached to it, that almost all the other Pursuits of his leisure hours were laid aside for its sake.

"During his residence at Bath, although greatly occupied with professional engagements, the time he devoted to his mathema-[76]-tical studies was rather increased than diminished. Often, after a fatiguing day's work of fourteen or sixteen hours among his pupils, he would, on returning home at night, repair for relaxation to what many would deem the severer exercises. In this manner, in course of time, be attained a competent knowledge of geometry, and found himself in a condition to proceed to the study of the different branches of physical science, which depend upon the mathematics. Amongst the first of these latter that attracted his attention were the kindred departments of astronomy and optics; and as in the course of his philosophical studies he became desirous of beholding with his own eyes, those wonders of the heavens, of which he read so much, he for that purpose borrowed from an acquaintance a two-feet Gregorian telescope. This instrument interested him so greatly, that he determined to procure one of his own, and commissioned a friend in London to purchase one for him, of a larger size. But he found the price was beyond what he could afford. To make up for this disappointment he resolved to attempt to construct a telescope for himself; and after encountering innumerable difficulties in the progress of his task, he at last succeeded in the year 1774 in completing a five-feet Newtonian reflector. This was the beginning of a long and brilliant course of triumphs in the same [77] walk of art, and also in that of astronomical discovery."

It is worthy of notice, in contemplating the character of this great man, that the occupation of teaching is in itself a fine exercise both of the moral and intellectual powers. Herschel appears to have spared no trouble to arrive at perfection in the profession he had chosen - the art of teaching music; and he reaped the reward of his labours in away which he little calculated upon, when his Conscientiousness led him to spend his leisure hours in study for the advantage of his pupils. All who are Worthy the name of teachers, should, like him, go on steadily in the path of selfculture; those who with a little learning take up teaching as a means of existence, and are satisfied to remain year after year, mere hearers of lessons, and wielders of rods and canes, disgrace their profession, which ought to be a noble one, for St. Paul places teachers in the same honorable rank as Apostles and Prophets. Ephesians, 4th chapter and llth verse. The reason, perhaps, why good teachers do not hold that high position in European society to which moral and intellectual superiority should always entitle their possessors is, that the Old World is now only recovering from the mists of prejudice and ignorance by which the dark ages were distinguished. An eminent Author says, that, "One of the first effects of printing was to [78] make proud men look upon learning as disgraced by being thus brought within reach of the common people. Till that time, learning, such as it was, had been confined to courts and convents, the low birth of the clergy being overlooked, because they were privileged by their order. But when laymen in humble life were enabled to procure books, the pride of the aristocracy took an absurd course, insomuch that at one time it was deemed derogatory for a nobleman if he could read or write. Even scholars themselves complained that the reputation of learning, and the respect due to it, and its rewards, were lowered when it was thrown open to all men; and it was seriously proposed to prohibit the printing of any book that could be offered for sale below the price of 3 soldi. This base and invidious feeling Was perhaps never so directly avowed in other countries as in Italy, the land where literature was first restored; and yet in this more liberal island, ignorance was for some generations considered to be a mark of distinction by which a man of gentle birth chose, not unfrequently, to make it apparent that he was no more obliged to live by the toil of his brain, than by the sweat of his brow. ([footnote]: "Colloquies on the Progress and Prospects of Society," by Robert Southey, Esq., L.L.D.]

Some of the mists of ignorance still remain, [79] but they are quickly wearing away, and must be ultimately dispelled by the two great lights of Reason and Revelation, which are given us by the Almighty to lead us to the knowledge of truth, and may be compared to the two lights He has placed in the firmament to dispel the darkness of the natural world, and lead us to an acquaintance with the visible objects around us.

Wishing you every success in your occupations of teacher and learner, I remain,

Yours, &.c.

Songs for Children [79-85] 

THE LITTLE FISH (Rhymes for the Nursery), BY MISS TAYLOR. AIR. - "There's nae luck about the house."

"Dear mother," said a little fish . . . [gives complete text, 6 stanzas, 79-80]

THE SPIDER AND THE FLY. BY MARY HOWITT. AIR. - "Will you come to the bower."

"Will you walk into my parlour?" said the spider to the fly . . . [gives complete text, 6 stanzas, 80-82]


"Lazy sheep, pray tell me why . . . [gives complete text, 4 stanzas, 82-83]


"Oh! call my brother back to me . . . [gives complete text, 7 stanzas, 83-84]


I thank the goodness and the grace
That on my birth have smiled
And made me in those Christian days,
A free Australian child.

NB Boyd's alteration to line 4

. . . [gives 4 more stanzas, 84]

THE BUSY BEE. BY DR. WATTS. AIR. - "There is nae luck."

How doth the little busy bee . . . [gives 2 stanzas, 85]

Other works:

A voice from Australia; or, An inquiry into the probability of New Holland being connected with the prophecies relating to New Jerusalem and the spiritual temple by Hannah Villiers Boyd (Sydney: Printed by Robert Barr, 1851) 

Many references to music and song in the original 1851 edition; notably, on page 31, Boyd reproduces:

. . . the following lines, written by John Rae, Esq., of Sydney, and set to music by Professor S. H. Marsh:- / NATIONAL AUSTRAIAN ANTHEM. / Hail to Victoria! Queen of the Ocean . . . [etc.]

[As above] . . . second edition, revised (London: Partridge and Co., 1856) 

Bibliography and resources: 

BOYES, George (G. T. W. BOYES; G. T. W. B. BOYES; George Thomas William Blaney BOYES; "Alphabet BOYES")

Amateur musician, violinist, pupil of Paolo Spagnoletti, public servant

Born Stubbington, Hampshire, England, 1787
Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1824 (per Sir Geoffrey Webster)
Died Belle Vue, Newtown, Hobart, TAS, 16 August 1853 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Note, the ADB and the NLA's derived record incorrectly give Boyes's fourth and last forename as "Blamey", recte "Blaney"

Boyes's extant letters and journals (journals in the Royal Society of Tasmania collection digitised by the University of Tasmania) by the contain many brief but interesting references to his own music making in Sydney and Hobart, including playing violin duets, and a few late instances of amateur string quartet playing, as well as references to his children's music teachers and lessons.

An edited transcript of these musical references, to be added here, is in preparation.


Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1191409; RGD35/1/4 no 343 (DIGITISED)

"Obituary. Death of G. T. W. B. BOYES, Esquire, Colonial Auditor", The Courier (17 August 1853), 3 

We have the melancholy task of recording the death of George Thomas William Blaney Boyes, Esquire, the Auditor-General of this Colony. The deceased was on the half-pay list of the Commissariat, having held, since 1813, the commission of Deputy Assistant Commissary-General, in which capacity he served in Spain during some portion of the Peninsula campaign. Having been ordered to this colony he was, in 1826, selected by Sir G. Arthur for the office of Auditor of Civil Accounts, in which appointment he was confirmed by the Home Government. On the removal of Mr. Montagu, in 1842, his experience and aptitude for business recommended him to Sir John Franklin as a fit and proper successor to that very able Colonial Secretary. In this, however, he was superseded by the late Mr. Bicheno, with whom, during the lifetime of that gentleman, he lived in habits of the closest intimacy, an intimacy rendered most delightful by their mutual tastes and accomplishments. Retired in his habits, Mr. Boyes was known thoroughly only to a limited circle; but within that circle his gentlemanly bearing and his agreeable manners and conversation enforced the esteem of all. He died yesterday at one o'clock.


Orchestral musician, member of theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1842), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. FIRST NIGHT OF THE SEASON . . . THE ORCHESTRAL DEPARTMENT WILL CONSIST OF MR. S.W. WALLACE, LEADER, Mr. Deane, Master Deane, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Wallace, Senr., Mr. Walton, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Pappin, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Robertson, Master Strong, Mr. Boyle, &c, &c. . . .


Drum major, 57th Regiment

Active Sydney, NSW, 1829


"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1829), 3

. . . John Boyle, Drum-Major in the 57th Regiment, stated that he was present when the articles now produced were found in the prisoner's box in the Barracks . . .

"FLOGGING", The Australian (30 December 1831), 3

. . . When the infliction is ordered to commence, each drum boy, in rotation, is obliged to strip, for the purpose of administering five and twenty lashes (slowly counted by the drum-major,) with freedom and vigour . . .


Band of the 57th Regiment


Secretary (Cecilian Society), carpenter-builder

Born UK, c. 1803
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1824 (free per Aguilar)
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 February 1868, aged 65


"THE CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (16 February 1841), 3

"THE CICILIAN [sic] SOCIETY", The Sydney Herald (6 August 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (7 August 1841), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1868), 1


"Interior of St. James Church, Sydney, 1831 drawn by Wm. Bradridge, Sen. Archt"

Bibliography and resources:

Jen Willets, "William Bradridge", Hunter Valley Settlers, Free settler or felon?


Music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1862


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1862), 1

JOHN BRADY, Music Copyist, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, copyist to the Orpheonist Society. All music copied with neatness, cheapness, and dispatch.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1862), 1

BRADY, Mary Anne (Miss BRADY; Miss M. A. BRADY; Mrs. R. A. NEWMAN)

Soprano vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1840 or 1841
Active Sydney, NSW, 1859-62
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 5 December 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRADY, Matilda Jane (Miss M. BRADY; Mrs. R. M. SHELLEY)

Soprano vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1844
Died Mosman, NSW, 4 August 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL", Empire (6 July 1859), 5

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. FIRST DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1859), 4

. . . The following artists, engaged by the general committee of direction, were grouped in front of and beside the organ - Conductor, Mr. L. H. Lavenu, principal soprani, Mrs. Testar (of Melbourne), Madame Carandini, and Mrs. St. John Adcock; the lady amateurs, of the same class of vocalists, being Miss Brady (a native of this colony), Miss Nina Spagnoletti, Miss Adcock, and Miss Howson . . .

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. SECOND DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1859), 5

. . . Mr. Waller, who did not sing - except in chorus until the third part, sustained with remarkable ability his part in the exquisite duetts expressing the simple piety and happy innocence of our first parents. In the first of these duetts, the soprano part was sung by Miss Brady in so enchanting a manner, as to stimulate in an unmistakeable manner, the desire of the audience for a repetition of the enjoyment she afforded - a desire which was not, however, to be gratified . . .

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7

Sir, - In reference to Miss Brady, the amateur, who appeared at the recent Musical Festival at our University, and in whose praise a whole chorus of eulogy has been sung, you will perhaps permit me to contradict a rumour, totally without foundation, that has gained ground, viz., that my daughter is and has been the protege of that excellent musician and worthy man, John Hubert Plunkett, Esq. A father's feelings, as well as a father's social vanity, may be pardoned in such an account in claiming his own. My child, since her birth, has never been from under my roof, nor from under my immediate supervision. Her musical education has been also strictly of an equally private nature, and whatever innate genius she may possess in histrionic art acquired, will ever be combined to assist in the appeals of charity, or the development of taste. W. BRADY. July 28.

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal (5 November 1859), 23

THE fifth sacred concert of this society took place on the 27th ultimo, and was largely attended. Portions of Handel's oratorio, "Judas Maccabaeus," were rendered in excellent style. Miss Brady sang in her usual fine voice . . .

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (3 August 1860), 4 

. . . . Miss M. Brady, whom we may likewise place amongst the amateurs, is making progress; she has a pleasing voice, which, when cultivated, will do good service. Miss Brady has likewise recovered her voice, which was for some time under a passing cloud; and this pleasing songstress will soon acquire the power of an accomplished vocalist.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (29 December 1860), 1 

On Monday evening last, being Christmas Eve, the Vocal Harmonic Society gave a special performance of Handel's grand oratorio, "The Messiah." The solo vocalists were the Misses Brady, Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Cordner, Mr. F. Ellard, and Mr. Waller, all of whom fully sustained the fair reputation they have acquired in their several styles of singing . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1863), 1


Vocalist, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1834


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 January 1834), 2 

G. F. LAURENT, formerly of the Lyceum Theatre, London, respectfully informs the gentry of Hobart Town and the public in general, that he intends giving a Grand Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on Monday, the 20th instant - and has the pleasure to announce that he has engaged Mr. Braham, son of the celebrated Braham, of Covent Garden and Drury-lane Theatres, previous to his departure to Sydney, for one night only.
Jan. 14, 1834.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (17 February 1834), 2 

From Hobart Town, same day [12 February], whence she sailed on the 3rd instant, the schooner Eagle, 107 tons, Pratt, master. Lading Sundries. Passengers, Mr. John Braham . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 3 

By Permission of His Excellency the Governor,
TO-MORROW EVENING, Tuesday, the 22d of April, 1834,
when will be performed a number or CHORUSES, GLEES, DUETS, SONGS, &c,
by Mesdames Taylor, Jones, Meredith, Downes, and Messrs. Knowles, Meredith, Braham, Buckingham, Grose, and Taylor, late of the Sydney Theatre, assisted by several amateurs.
Mr. Cavendish will preside at the Piano Forte.

"THEATRICAL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 2 

On Friday evening last, the principal performers of the Sydney Theatre gave their first Concert at the Pulteney Hotel . . . Mr. Braham followed with "My Wild Guitar," which was performed in a pleasing and simple manner. Mr. B. has a fine tenor voice, but appears to want the aid of a tutor . . . "Shades of Evening" followed; after which, "Auld Lang Syne," between Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Jones, Braham, and Buckingham, (Mr. Knowles at the piano-forte) which was appreciated by the audience and encored. "God save the King," by the whole of the Company, wound up the Evening's Amusements.

[News], The Australian (2 May 1834), 3 

Mr. Levey has added some vocalists to his present company. A Mr. Braham and a Miss Morton are among the number, both of whom will prove acquisitions.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (23 October 1834), 4 

BRAID, John (John BRAID)

Professor of dancing, dancing-master, dance hall proprietor

Born Sussex, England, c. 1827/28; son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy POPHAM (c. 1786-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1853
Died Brighton, Sussex, England, 8 August 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRAID, Charles (Charles BRAID)

Teacher of pianoforte and singing, dance hall proprietor

Born Sussex, England, c.1829/30; baptised Worthing, 8 March 1830, son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy POPHAM (c. 1786-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Active Brighton, Sussex, England, by November 1854
Died Tunbridge Wells, England, 30 May 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Assembly+Rooms+1853-55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARRIED", Hampshire Chronicle [England] (16 November 1850), 7

On the 8th inst, at St. Peter's le-Puer, Charles Braid, Esq. of Brighton, to Hester, youngest daughter of the late Geo. M. Burchell, Esq., Scotsland, Surrey.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (26 December 1850), 4

MR. CHARLES BRAID, Teacher of the Piano-forte and Singing in an eaay and improved style. - Pupils received at Mr B.'s residence, 90, Upper North Street, where a Quadrille Band can engaged for Balls or Evening Parties; as alao at Mr. F. Wright’s Music Mart, Royal Colonnade; Messrs. Cramer and Co., East Street; and Mr. Darling's, Western Road. Mr. C. B. engages to supply all the latent Dance Music. TERMS MODERATE.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 1

NOTICE- All persons having CLAIMS on MR. CHARLES BRAID, of 26, Russell Square, Brighton, Professor of Music, are reouested to send their respective accounts on or before Saturday next, June 5th, previous to his departure for the Continent. June 2, 1852.

"MUSIC", Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 3

THE ACACIA POLKA. By CHARLES BRAID. Published by J. Williams . . .
The race of Polkas is a seemingly endless one. Their name is legion. Ingenuity is requierd to discover even an unused title for a new one. The stars above have been ransacked till scarcely any remain unemployed, and the flowers below have been gathered, for the sake of their names for this class of compositions; and yest, in all this variety, we find a great sameness. A sparkling pretty melody, written with a certain rhythm and accent, is all that is required as a rule; and it is difficult for the memory to separate one of these from the dozens heard in the ball room and at promenade concerts. Brighton has been somewhat prolific in this class of productions; and we have now to mention "The Acacia Polka" as one deserving a place amongst the simple and pleasing of the race. It is the composition of Mr. C. Braid, a fellow townsman, who has produced a very popular work of the same school, which has just reached a second edition.

Passenger manifest, ship John Taylor, June 11th 1852; Public Records Office Victoria 

Braid Charles / 22 / Musician
Braid [Hester] / 22 . . .
Braid William / 32 / Clerk
Braid John / 24 / Clerk . . .

"BIRTH", The Argus (11 December 1852), 4 

At Collingwood, on the 7th inst, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, late of Brighton, Sussex, England, of a daughter.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1853), 3

MR. CHARLES BRAID begs to inform the inhabitants of Collingwood and its vicinity, that he continues to give lessons on the Pianoforte and Singing, at his residence, St. Burwell's Cottage, Smith-street, near the Shepherd's Arms. Schools and families attended. Pianos tunes. Terms . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 May 1853), 12 

MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Open every Evening from half-past Eight to half-past Eleven. Under Distinguished Patronage.
THE Proprietors of the above new and elegant rooms, beg most respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that they purpose giving a grand Opening Boll, at the above rooms, in celebration of Her Majesty's Birthday, on Tuesday evening, the 24th inst., to commence at half-past eight precisely.
In the erection and decoration of the above rooms, the proprietors have spared neither pains nor expense, and they confidently assert that for convenience and elegance they are unequalled in Melbourne or its vicinity.
The Ball Room will be under the management of a competent M. C., who will at all times use his best exertions not only to keep them highly select, but also to study the comfort and promote the amusement of those ladies and gentlemen who may favor the proprietors with their patronage.
The Refreshment Rooms will be supplied with every delicacy in the London and Paris styles, by Mr. Gregory, of Swanston-street, at moderate charges.
The Band engaged for the establishment comprises the first talent of Melbourne, and will be under the immediate direction of a well known public favorite.
Gentlemen are particularly requested to appear in appropriate costume.
Musical Director, Mr. C. Braid; Leader of the Band, Herr Prinz; Master of Ceremonies, Mr. J. Braid.
Full particulars of the opening night will be duly annourced.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, MELBOURNE, Russell-street, Corner of Little Collins-street.
THESE SPLENDID ROOMS will be opened every Monday and Friday, as a Select Quadrille Assembly, to commence at half-past Eight, and conclude at half-past Eleven, and on Wednesday nights.
A GRAND BALL Will be hold, which will commence at half-past Eight.
The following is the Programme for Monday Evening, May 30th, 1853.
Overture - Timour the Tartar - M. P. King.
Quadrille - Heidelberg - D'Albert.
Valse a deux temps - Fairest of the Fair - D'Albert.
Polka - Trumpet - Koenig.
Quadrille - German - Prinz.
Galope - Venetian - Strauss.
Schottische - Opera - Youens.
An interval of fifteen minutes.
Operatic Selections - Favorita - Donizetti.
Polka - Walhalla - Wade.
Quadrille - Echo - Murand.
Gallope - Grenadier Guards, by particular desire - Lardeill.
Valse - Nightingale - Lanuer.
Schottische - Parisien - Etting.
Quadrille - English - Julien.
National Anthem.
The Public and Subscribers to the above rooms are respectfully informed, that the Band engaged by the proprietors comprises the first talent in Melbourne, which renders the dancing assemblies a place of Terpsichorean enjoyment, combined with a select Concert . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell street, corner, of Little Collins-street.
GRAND Promenade Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT,
This Evening, Saturday, June 4th.
1. Overture, full Band - Pre aux Clercs - Auber.
2. Trio - Winds gently Whisper, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock, and Mr. C. Braid - Whittaker.
3. Solo, Obea [oboe] Fantasia - Barber of Seville, Herr Blume - Rossini.
4. Duet - I think a Sailor is faithful, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Balfe.
5. Mazurka - Waterfall, Full Band - C. Braid.
6. Song - Revenge, Mr. Hancock - J. L. Hatton.
7. Ballad - O, Peaceful Lake, Mrs. Hancock - Jackson.
8. Operatic Selections, (full Band) - Lucia di Lammermoor - Donizetti.
9. National Song - England, Mr. C. Braid - S. Glover.
10. Solo, Cornet - Lucia di Lammermoor, Mr. Chapman - Donizetti.
11. Irish Song - Kathleen O' More, Mrs. Hancock - Original.
12. Emmeline Valse, (full Band) - D'Albert.
13. Duet - I've wandered in drearns - Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Wade.
14 Song - A Life on the Ocean Wave, Mr. Hancock - Russell.
15. Finale - National Anthem.
Doors open at half-past Seven, Concert to commence at Eight.
Admission, 2s. 6d.

[2 advertisements], The Argus (18 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street. THE proprietors of the above new and greatly admired rooms, beg to return their sincere thanks to their patrons and friends, for the kind support since their opening night, and trust that they will still continue their patronage, it being the determination of the proprietors to maintain the strictest decorum. Their will be an Assembly every Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday evenings, to commence precisely at half-past eight, and close at half-past eleven. A Grand Ball the first Wednesday in the month, weather permitting, to commence at nine o'clock . . .

DANCING. MR. JOHN BRAID, Teacher of Dancing, respectfully informs his pupils and friends, that the class will meet on Saturday at two, and every subsequent Wednesday and Saturday. Any parties wishing to become efficient in the graceful art of dancing, are invited to enter their names immediately. Terms, £3 3s per quarter. Schools and Families on liberal terms. An adult class every Tuesday evening at eight o'clock. Braid's Melbourne Assembly Rooms. Russel-street.

"BRAIDS ASSEMBLY ROOMS", The Argus (7 July 1853), 3 

We owe an apology to the proprietors of these rooms; but we have been so overwhelmed lately by Circuses, Salles, Restaurants, Casinos, Larders, Cafes, Lectures, Bains Chauds, Music, &c. &c., that we are afraid the above establishment is not the only one that we have failed to notice. It consists of a room fifty feet in length, handsomely decorated, and well lighted . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 July 1853), 10

BRAID'S Melbourne Assembly Rooms, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Synopsis for the week:-
Monday (this) evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Tuesdav evening. Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Wednesday morning, Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Thursday evening, Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Friday evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Saturday morning. Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening Mr. B. Jullien Coleman, (third reading,) will read Shakspeare's admired play, "The Merchant of Venice."
Singing Classes on the Hullah system now forming.
Private lessons in Dancing, Singing, and Piano-Forte.
CHARLES & JOHN BRAID, Proprietors,
Monday, July 18th, 1853.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 August 1853), 8 

THE "Argus Polka" every Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at Braid's Rooms, Russell-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1853), 8 

NEW Music, composed by Radford, expressly for Braids' Rooms. "The Argus Polka," "Braids Assembly Polka," "Herald of Hope Valses," "Express Galope," every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening.

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1853), 4 

On the 30th ult., at her residence, Great Collins-street, Hester, the beloved wife of Mr. Charles Braid, of Brighton, Sussex, England, in the 33rd year of her age.

"Deaths", Sussex Advertiser [Brighton, England] (21 February 1854), 7

Braid. - September 30, at Melbourne, Australia, of colonial fever, Hester, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, and daughter of the late George Matthew Burchell, Esq., of Scotsland, Bramley, Surrey.

[Advertisement], The Banner [Melbourne, VIC] (22 September 1854), 3 

Dancing, MR. JOHN BRAID, Professor of Dancing, Russell-street. Schools and Families attended. Private Lessons given. Russell-street, corner of Collins-street.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (2 November 1854), 4

MUSIC. - MR CHARLES BRAID, Teacher or the Piano Forte and Singing. - 26, RUSSELL SQUARE.

"THE NOTORIOUS BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOM", The Age (9 January 1855), 5 

Especially the inhabitants in the immediate neighbourhood of this haunt of vice and depravity, and all those who are interested in the moral health and social order of the city, will be glad to learn that the rooms, known as Braid's, in Russell Street, are in progress of demolition. Although the name of Mr. Braid is unfortunately associated with the building, that gentleman is in no manner connected with the libidinous proceedings which have recently so much shocked and disgusted the decent portion of the population . . .



Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1860

BRAIN, Anthony (Anthony BRAIN)

Parish clerk, stone-mason

Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 12 January 1848

BRAIN, Thomas (Thomas BRAIN; Mr. BRAIN junior, Mr. T. BRAIN)

Alto vocalist, choir leader

Born Tunbridge, England, c. 1819
Arrived VDL (TAS), c.1836
Married Sarah HALL, St. John's, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 5 March 1842
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843
Died Hobart, 10 November 1903, "in his 85th year, a colonist of 67 years"


"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

. . . It was gratifying to observe that amateurs came forward on the occasion. Mr. Brain, jun., was a competent leader of the vocalists; and Mr. Megson, as conductor of the instrumental part, deserves credit. It would be hardly fair to particularise the performances of the amateurs. They did their best; and will improve by practice, if a series of oratorios shall be sustained by the public during the winter season. We may, however, refer to Mr. Brain's "Behold a virgin," and Mr. Turner's "Why do the nations" - bot[h] executed with considerable taste and ability . . .

"CRIMINAL SITTINGS", Launceston Examiner (12 October 1844), 2

. . . Hewson merely protested his innocence, and called a Mr. Brain, clerk of Trinity Church, who stated that Hewson was bell-ringer to the Church . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH", Launceston Examiner (15 January 1848), 6 

Mr. A. Brain, stone-mason, died suddenly on Wednesday . . . Mr. Brain was an old resident, and lately officiated as clerk at Trinity church.

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1849), 767 

Sir, - Observing in the Chronicle of Wednesday, a notice of a seraphine for sale, I think it would be a good opportunity for the Wardens of Trinity Church to improve the choir, which is very indifferent for want of an instrument, and is capable of great amendment. The leader of the singing is an excellent judge of music, and extremely suited for his office, but the least that is said about the members of the choir, the better. Indeed, church music cannot be effectively performed without an organ or seraphine, in so large a building as Trinity, and I am sure Mr. Brain is to be pitied, very often, in his endeavours to harmonize the discordant portions of his corps de musique. The seraphine that Mr. Reibey introduced (at his own expence) was an agreeable aid to the celebration of Divine Service, and so was acknowledged by the congregation generally, but being private property, the Church had the mortification to lose it on that reverend gentleman's retirement, without another being provided in its place . . . I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, ALTO. August 2nd.

"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOLS", Launceston Examiner (15 September 1852), 7 

. . . The singing of the children, conducted by Mr. T. Brain, was very good, and their attention and orderly behaviour during the services were particularly remarked by the congregation . . .

"SINGING CLASS", Launceston Examiner (5 January 1860), 3 

There will be a meeting at half-past seven o'clock to-morrow evening in Trinity School Room, of persons desirous of joining a class for vocal music, of which Mr. T. Brain will be conductor. An announcement to this effect appears in our advertising columns signed by Mr. A. J Green, as Secretary pro. tem. This is an opportunity which will doubtless be embraced by many members of the late "Million Class;" and we hope that this less ambitious attempt at realising the important object in view may be more successful.

"OUR MONTHLY SUMMARY", Launceston Examiner (18 May 1867), 5 

The second of the series of Penny Readings was given in the Mechanics' Institute on Thursday night . . . That pretty glee "Flora decks the Flowery Mead" was rendered by. Messr. Brain, Chick, and Frost in a very pleasing manner, and they were loudly applauded . . . Mr. T. Brain sang "the Englishman." It is surprising that a gentleman understanding music so well as Mr. Brain does should have chosen such a song, as it is totally unadapted to his voice. The music does not come within its compass - at least, at the key at which it was pitched. The song should be sung by a deep, loud bass, in a spirited manner . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MUSICAL UNION", Launceston Examiner (23 January 1868), 5 

The annual meeting of the above Society took place on Tuesday evening is the large class-room of the Institute Mr. T. Sharp, President and Conductor, occupied the chair . . . He then called upon the Secretary, Mr. T. Brain, to read the report for the past year: - . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (12 November 1903), 1 

BRAIN.- On November 10, at 135 Goulburn-street, Hobart, Thomas Brain, late of Tunbridge, in his 85th year. A colonist of 67 years . . .

BRAITHWAITE, Frederick Nelson


Born Richmond, VDL (TAS), 15 January 1834
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Died Richmond, TAS, 18 June 1904, "aged 71"


"Shipping Intelligence", The Observer (12 August 1845), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1856), 1

IF this Should meet the eye of RICHARD J. BRAITHWAITE, who left Hobart Town, 1852, he would much oblige by writing to his brother Frederick Nelson Braithwaite just from England. Direct to Mrs. Mason, at Mr. Williams, 41 Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town.

"ASSAULT", The Mercury (22 September 1868), 2

. . . Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, musician, proved that as Simmons was going in to the house, defendant threw away some stale beer, and some of it went over him . . .

"POLICE COURT", The Tasmanian Times (22 September 1868), 2 

. . . Fredrick Nelson Braithwaite, a musician living in Warwick-street, deposed . . .

"DEATHS", The North Western Advocate [Tasmania] (23 June 1904), 2 

BRAITHWAITE. - On June 18, at Hobart, Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, born at Glyn Ayre, Richmond, Tasmania, aged 71 years.

BRAMMALL, Charles Joseph (Charles Joseph BRAMMALL; C. J. BRAMMALL)

Amateur vocalist (member Hobart Town Glee Club)

Active Hobart Town, TAS, by 1860
Died TAS, 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 January 1861), 3 

NOW READY. SUNG amidst enthusiastic applause by C. J. BRAMMALL, ESQ., at the GLEE CLUB CONCERT.
Composed and Dictated [dedicated] to the Officers and Volunteers of Tasmania,
Price 2s. 6d.; freely post to any part of the Colony, 3s.
J. WALCH & SONS, Hobart Town and Launceston.

"DEATH OF THE REV. C. J. BRAMMALL", Examiner (25 April 1906), 6 


Amateur comic vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1847-48


Branagan having previously performed it in January as the "Original Comic Song The Sydney cries", at the St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society Musical Festival in Sydney in April 1848, as Cries of Sydney it "elicited roars of laughter".


"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1847), 2

. . . The meeting was also enlivened by some excellent songs, but those by Mr. Brannigan kept the whole audience in roars of laughter. The excellent band of the society, as usual, played several animating and patriotic tunes, among which the Railway Gallop excited universal approbation . . .

"GRAND MUSIC FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1848), 3

A MUSICAL FESTIVAL will take place on MONDAY EVENING, January 1Oth,. in St. Patrick's Hall. The splendid New Band of St. Patrick's Society will make their second appearance. PROGRAMME. PART I. Comic Song -"Polly Flowers" - Mr. Branagan; Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis; Song - "Tell me my heart," Mrs. Lewis; Original Comic Song - "The Sydney Cries" - Mr. Branagan; PART II. Comic Song - He'd such a tremendous big nose," Mr. Branagan; Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis; Song - "The wild rose of Erin." Mrs. Lewis; Comic Song - "Black Turf," Mr. Branagan. Two Irish pipers are expected to attend. - Several Amateurs have kindly offered their services . . .

"TEETOTAL FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (11 January 1848), 2

. . . The evening passed cheerily away with songs and music performed by St. Patrick's band. Of the songs, "The tremendous big nose" and "The Cries of Sydney," by Mr. Branagan, drew forth great applause, and were decidedly the favorites.

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (18 March 1848), 3 

. . . The evening was enlivened by the singing of Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis, and several very excellent songs were sung by some amateurs . . .

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (25 April 1848), 2

. . . on the platform was a large number of ladies and gentlemen, among whom we observed the Attorney-General and Mrs. Plunkett, the Rev. Mr. M'Cormick, &c., &c. The band, though consisting entirely of very young practitioners, performed in a very efficient manner, and was much applauded. A solo on the trombone was very well played by Mr. H. Mason. The singing, upon the whole, was much better than we have before heard at some of these festivities; the company was much enlivened by the comicalities of Mr. Branagan, whose "Cries of Sydney," elicited roars of laughter. "Molly Bawn" was sung in a very pleasing manner, as were also several other of the songs . . .


Teacher of Music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865


[Advertisement], The Argus (14 January 1865), 6

MISS BRANDENBURGER RESUMES her musical DUTIES January 17. Ladies' School, King William street, Fitzroy.

The Victoria Post Office Directory (1866), 18

BRANDON, James Lucas

Clarinet-player, clarionet player, farmer

Active Mudgee, NSW, 1853-54
Died Mudgee, NSW, October 1876


"HIGHWAY ROBBERY", Bathurst Free Press (25 January 1851), 6

"WILFUL MURDER", Bathurst Free Press (4 March 1854), 2

Maurice Dalton was indicted for the wilful murder of William Oxley on the 29th April last, at Mudgee. He pleaded not guilty and was defended by Mr. Holroyd. Attorney - Mr. Serjeant. James Lucas Brandon deposed that about 1 o'clock of the morning of the 29th April, he was proceeding homeward, playing a clarinet, when the prisoner walked up to him and after asking him what he wanted playing that b----y thing, knocked him down.

"BATHURST CIRCUIT COURT", Empire (4 March 1856), 3

. . . James Lucas Brandon: I live at Mudgee; I lived there in April last; I saw the prisoner on 28th April; he insulted me, and knocked me down; I was going home, playing the clarionet, when the prisoner came across and asked me what business I had playing that bloody thing, and knocked me down; I went to constable Oxley, and told him, and he told me to go home; when I got home I heard stones thrown against my hut ; I was frightened to stop, and I went out for constable Oxley, and then I saw the prisoner . . ..

"INQUESTS", Freeman's Journal (4 November 1876), 9


Professor of Music

Active Maitland, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 June 1853), 3

MR. S. BREMER, Professor of Music AND DANCING, ORGANIST, &c, Rose Inn, West Maitland. Piano Fortes Tuned and Repaired.


Comedian, pianist

Active VIC, 1857


[Advertement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (12 March 1857), 4 


ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); James Ellis (proprietor); John Ottis Pierce (minstrel, vocalist); W. H. Hammond (vocalist); Mark Radford (musician)

[Advertement], Bendigo Advertiser (12 June 1857), 3 

GUM TREE HOTEL, Golden-square.
The proprietor of the above begs most respectfully to inform the lovers of harmony that he has engaged the well-known Comic Singer and Banjo Player,
MR. WHITE, (Formerly Rainer's) to play, &c., on every Tuesday and Friday.
Also, Mr. BRENNER, the celebrated Irish Comedian and Pianist, together with a few other First-rate Hands. - See handbills.
To commence at half-past seven. Admission Free.
Mr. B. WOOLLAND, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: M. W. White (serenader)


Vocalist, minstrel, delineator (Howard's Serenaders)

Active NSW, by 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1853), 3

HOWARD'S SERENADERS . . . Ole Tar Ribber - J. Brenni . . . Gal wid de Blue Dress on - J. Brenni . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 March 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1854), 1

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1854), 5 

A grand musical entertainment was given on the evening of yesterday, at the School of Arts, by Mr. Paxton, on the Songs of Scotland. The programme contained many popular Scottish songs, which were sung with much effect. The vocal efforts of Mr. Brenni, in his Ethiopean melodies and inimitable performance on the banjo, were crowned with immense success. He was repeatedly encored during the evening. The performance of Mrs. Shaw on the pianoforte, is also deserving of praise. The expectations of the very numerous and highly respectable assembly were undoubtedly fully realized, if not surpassed.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (11 April 1855), 4 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. SPECIAL NIGHT. THURSDAY, APRIL 12th. TROY KNIGHT . . .. MR. DE BRENNI, For the last two years the leading Low Comedian in Sydney, will make his first appearance in Adelaide . . .

"HALL THE WIZARD, AND THE SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (24 November 1855), 2

. . . The second part of the performances consisted of songs and duetts by Messrs. Brenni and Felix Garmone, the Ethiopian serenaders. Miss Lucy Long and the Railway Galop were loudly applauded . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (5 February 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1]

BREWER, Francis Campbell (Francis Campbell BREWER; F. C. BREWER)

Musical amateur, music and drama reviewer, journalist

Born Stourbridge, England, 21 October 1826
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1911 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BREWER, Frank (Francis Patrick BREWER)

Tenor vocalist, choral conductor, music teacher

Born Sydney, NSW, 1855 (son of the above)
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1943

BREWER, Elizabeth Mary (HARRISON; Mrs. Frank BREWER)

Music teacher

Married 1880
Died Summer Hill, 7 April 1935, aged 79

BREWER, Henry (Harry BREWER)

Amateur vocalist, choral conductor

Born Sydney, NSW, 1860

BREWER, George

Amateur vocalist (Sydney Liedertafel)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1865


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1880), 8

"The Opening of St. Mary's Cathedral", The Maitland Mercury (12 September 1882), 3

. . . The Mass sung was Haydn's No. 3, known as the "Imperial" Mass . . . In the "Gloria" Mr. Frank Brewer sang the tenor solo with great purity of intonation . . .

"District Court", Evening News (23 August 1889), 8

Brewer and Wife v. Marshall. - It was an action in which Francis Patrick Brewer (of Summer Hill) and his wife Mary sued William Marshall, of George-street, Sydney, for £23 10s 6d, for the instruction of the defendant's wife in singing and instrumental music. A verdict was given for the full amount, with the expenses of one witness.

"EDWARD SMITH HALL. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1891), 7

[letter, F.C.B.] . . . In 1835, I think it was on December 12, I commenced my career on the press under Mr. [Edward Smith] Hall, who was then and had been for some years the proprietor and editor of the Sydney Monitor . . .

"PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1892), 6

At St. Charles's Church, Waverley, on Wednesday, 22nd April, Mr. George Brewer, a well-known member of the Sydney Liedertafel and son of Mr. Frank C. Brewer, the veteran Sydney pressman, was married to Miss Maggie Tracy, second daughter of Mr. Charles Austin Tracy, formerly organist of Sr. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne. The bride herself having for several years filled the position of organist of St. Charles', Waverley, and the bridegroom being a member of the choir, it was not surprising that music entered largely into the church ceremonial. With Mr. Harry Brewer (brother of the bridegroom) conducting, the choir sang Haydn's brilliant Imperial Mass; Mr. Percy Shannon singing the offertory solo . . .

"A PIONEER JOURNALIST. DEATH OF MR. F. C. BREWER. A MEMORY OF EARLY SYDNEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8


F. C. Brewer, The drama and music in New South Wales (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892) ("Published by authority of the New South Wales Commissioners for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893") 

Bibliography and resources:

"Francis Campbell Brewer", Australian Prints + Printmaking

BRICKWOOD, Winifred Amelia (Winifred Amelia BRICKWOOD; Mrs. John CALLAGHAN)

Amateur musician, composer

Born ? Devon, England, c. 1838/9; daughter of Arthur Peter BRICKWOOD (1812-1883) and Winifed Amelia DAVIES (d. 1887)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 March 1847 (with mother, per Euphrates, from London and Portsmouth, 25 October 1846) Married John CALLAGHAN (1837-1915), York Street Wesleyan Church, Sydney, 2 January 1865
Died Mosman, NSW, 5 August 1922, aged 83 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A professional seaman, Arthur Brickwood abandoned his family and contracted a bigamous marriage in Honolulu in October 1846. The same month, his deserted first wife, Winifred, and two children Richard (1837-1912) and Winifed, sailed for Australia.

Miss W. A Brickwood's The Randwick mazurka (Sydney: W. J. Johnson) was published in August 1863.

A second print, "the AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown," was published at W. H. Paling's, Wynyard-square, in December 1864. Unfortunately, no copy has been identified, but given its title and timing the print may well have been a setting of some of the recently published "Australian melodies" by poet J. Sheridan Moore (husband of the singer Flora Harris).

Moore's collection had been reviewed in The Sydney Morning Herald in August that year. W. J. Macdougall had previously set two of the poems, The wail from England in 1862 (lost), and The beauty that blooms in Australia ("No. 1 of Australian national Melodies") (Sydney: Wilkie & Elvy, 1863).

On 2 January 1865, Winifred Amelia Brickwood married John Callaghan. The couple were living at Holyrood House, Kingston, Newtown in 1873, and in Botany-street, Moore Park in 1887. She died at her residence, Warrawee, Mosman, in 1922.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 March 1847), 2 

March 2. - Euphrates, ship, 720 tons, Captain Monro, from London, having left Portsmouth on the 25th October. Passengers - Mr. J. Jacobs and wife and child, Mr. A. Lyons, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, sen., Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, jun., and two children, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Brickwood and two children, three Misses Davis, Mr. Davis, Miss Lloyd, Miss Straffon.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1863), 6

THE RANDWICK MAZURKA, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown; 2s. 6d. JOHNSON and CO., and all music sellers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1864), 1

JUST PUBLISHED, the AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown. Copies can be had only at W. H. PALING'S, Wynyard-square.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1865), 1

On the 2nd instant, at the Wesleyan Church, York-street, Sydney, by the Rev. Benjamin Chapman, John, youngest son of Samuel Callaghan, Surry Hills, to Winifred Amelia, only daughter of Arthur Brickwood, R.N., and grand-daughter of the late P. Davies, R.N., and P. Brickwood, R.N., of Launceston and Newport, England.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1922), 8

CALLAGHAN. - August 5, Winifred Amelia, relict of the late John Callaghan, aged 63 years, at her residence, Warrawee, Killarney street, Mosman.


Bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

THE SPACIOUS HALL, SYDNEY COLLEGE, Having been kindly granted for this occasion to MR. NATHAN, A GRAND SELECTION OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WILL BE PERFORMED On FRIDAY Evening, 27tn May, 1842 . . . BASSOS. Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Callaghan, and Mr. Waller . . .

BRIDSON, Sarah Ann (Sarah Ann BELL; Mrs. Thomas BRIDSON; Mrs. John KINLOCH)

Musician, vocalist, professor of the pianoforte and singing (pupil of Logier)

Born c. 1829
Died Swan City, WA, 20 July 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRIDSON, Thomas Vicary (Thomas Vicary BRIDSON; T. V. Bridson; Thomas Vicarez; Thomas Michael BRIDSON)

Conductor, organist, organ builder

Born Dublin, Ireland, c.1826
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1854
Died Rockhampton, QLD, 14 August 1869, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In 1870 Sarah married a family friend, John Kinloch, M.A, mathematician, son of the late Sydney organ-builder John Kinloch.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1854), 2

"THE HERWYN'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 September 1854), 2

"SYDNEY'S PROGRESS IN MUSICAL SCIENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1856), 4

"NEW ORGAN", Freeman's Journal (30 August 1856), 2

We have been to hear the splendid organ just erected in the English Opera House by Mr. T. V. Bridson. It is undoubtedly one of the finest instruments of the kind in these colonies. The tone is of the roundest and richest quality; and under the delicate touch of Mr. Packer, its effect is truly thrilling.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1859), 2

MRS. BRIDSON, Professor of the PIANOFORTE and SINGING, 90, Palmer-street. Lessons in Sight Singing, and Theory on the system either of A. Logier [sic] or of Dr. Smith, under both of whom Mrs. Bridson studied.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1868), 7 

PIANOFORTE AND SINGING. - Mr. and Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupils of Logier, teach on his system, which by the use of the CHIROPLAST, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily. Terms at ELVY and CO.'S, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1869), 4 

PIANOFORTE and SINGING.- Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupil of Logier, teaches on his system, which by the use of the chiroplast, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily. Terms - at her residence, 7, George-street North; or at ELVY and CO.'S., George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1869), 9

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1870), 1

On the 29th instant, at University Hall, Hyde Park, by the Rev. R. Lewers, of St. Andrew's, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald, JOHN KINLOCH, Esq, M.A., to SARAH ANN, relict of the late T. N. BRIDSON, Esq., and only daughter of Henry Bell, Esq., Sally Park, near Dublin.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1878), 12 

HURLSTONE SCHOOL AND COLLEGE, ASHFIELD. Principal, JOHN KINLOCH, M.A. . . . Music (vocal and instrumental), Mrs. KINLOCH (pupil of Logier (fils), and Dr. Smith, Trin. Col., Dublin.) . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1883), 2 

PIANOFORTE. Mrs. KINLOCH (formerly Mrs. Bridson), pupil of Mons. Adolphe Logier, on whose principle she teaches, and from whom she holds a high certificate, intends forming classes for children at her residence, close to REDMYRE Station, and at Mr. Ezold's, 403, George-street. Mrs. Kinloch is at home 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Tuesdavs and Fridays.

"DEATHS", The West Australian (21 July 1915), 1 

KINLOCH. - On July 20, 1915, at her son's residence, Greenmount, Western Australia, Sara Anna Kinloch, relict of the late John Kinloch, M.A., Sydney University, and mother of H. St. John Bridson, of Lands and Survey Department Perth.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 81-83


Teacher of music and singing (Hullah's method)

Active Geelong, VIC, 1850


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 July 1850), 1 

BRILL, Wilhelm (Wilhelm BRILL)


Arrived Adelaide, SA, 8/9 May 1855 (per August, from Hamburg, 15 January)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 June 1855 (per August, from Adelaide, 2 June) (Passenger history SA) (Passenger history SA)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1855), 1

The celebrated BAND, newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg, respectfully announce to the public generally that they will give a
GRAND CONCERT on Friday, the 18th of May, at the above Hotel.
"Sehnsucht nach Australien," March - H. Weichmann.
"Chir dd Rosenberg," Donizetti - Herren Martin and W. Brill.
Grand Polonnaise, "Remembrance" - H. Weichmann.
"Potpourri," from the Opera "Der Freischutz."
"The Wave," Walce - H. Weichmann.
Cavatina, from the Opera "Lucrecia Borgia," Donizetti.
"Willkommen un Grunen," Walce - Labitzky.
Doors open at 7 o'clock p.m. Admission tickets, 2s. 6d. each.
Only a few Concerts will take place during their stay here.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 May 1855), 1

The German Brass Band in attendance. The whole under the direction of Mr. J. Watts . . .

TIVOLI HOTEL. - On Thursday, 24th May, Her Majesty's Birthday,
GRAND CONCERT the newly-arrived German Brass Band, under the direction of Mr. Dietrich.
To commence at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

THE WEICHMANN FAMILY will give a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT- at the Hamburg Coffee-House this (Wednesday) evening.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 May 1855), 1 


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (30 May 1855), 1 

They proceed in the August to Melbourne to morrow. Concert commences at 7, and closes at 10 p.m.

Names and descriptions of passengers per August from Hamburg, and Adelaide, 29 May 1855, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

C. Brill / 26 // W. [Brill] / 23 // Marie [Brill] / 20 //
H. Diederich / 29 // J. [Diederich] / 31 // C. Diederich / 22 // A. [Diederich] / 18 . . . (DIGITISED)

C. Weichmann / 27 // H. [Weichmann] / 34 [? 24] // G. [Weichmann] / 19 // R. [Weichmann] / 21 [? listed under men]

BRINKMANN, Elias Frederick Louis


Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1869 (overland from VIC)



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1868), 1

"MARRIAGES", Empire (5 June 1871), 1


Amateur vocalist, pianist



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1821
Departed Sydney, NSW, November 1825


Letter from Elizabeth Macarthur, Parramatta, 4 September 1822 (ed. Sibella Macarthur Onslow (ed.), Some early records of the Macarthurs of Camden (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1914), 373-374

We continue to like our present Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane. Lady Brisbane and her sister Miss Macdougall are gentle and amiable - perfectly unaffected in their manners and habits, yet possessing all the acquirements of wellborn and well educated persons. . . . The ladies are fond of and live in great retirement. They mix little in society and give none of those large entertainments, which Mrs. Macquarie used to do. They have a Dinner Party once a week. Their table is handsomely set out, and served in a manner superior to anything we have yet seen in the Colony. Lady Brisbane has a good Piano, on which she occasionally plays, and accompanies the instrument with her voice. Miss Macdougall plays the Harp, and Mr. Rumker the Piano in turn. 

Bibliography and resources:

J. D. Heydon, "Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall (1773-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


Elizabeth Macarthur

Christian Rumker


Musician, dance band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 1 

DANCING, - A Quadrille Party will take place every Monday and Wednesday evening at the large saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, King-street West. Admission, 1s, A band of musicians will be in attendance. Leader of the orchestra, Monsieur BRISCOE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3 

DANCING every night this week, at the Large Saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, Kíng-street West. Admission 1s. A band of 20 performers will be in attendance. Leader, Monsieur Briscoey. Conductor, Signor Gelvini.

BRISTOW, William

Bugler, 51st Regiment

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846 (for Bangalore)


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST IN INDIA", The Courier (10 November 1847), 2

We have seen a letter dated Bangalore, 28th May, addressed by William Bristow, a bugler in the regiment, to his father, resident in Hobart Town. It appears from this letter that the left wing, stationed at Ponnamalee, has suffered severely from cholera . . .


Band of the 51st Regiment


Professor of music, teacher of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Fitzroy, VIC, November 1866, "70 years of age"


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1855), 1

BROADHEAD, THOMAS, Mr., Teacher of Music, - send your address to G., Box 931, Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (17 November 1866), 4 

Dr. Youl held on inquest yesterday, on the body of Thomas Broadhead, seventy years of age, who died early in the morning of the same day. Henry Broadhead, son of the deceased, stated that on Thursday night his father went to bed complaining of a difficulty of breathing, and he became much worse about three o'clock in the morning . . .

"Funeral notices", The Argus (17 November 1866), 8

THE Friends of the late THOMAS BROADHEAD, professor of music, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from his late residence, Greeves-street, Fitzroy, THIS DAY, November 17, at 3 o'clock p.m.


Musician, music teacher

Born Clonmel, Ireland, 31 October 1839
Arrived WA, 1865
Died Bournemouth, England, 2 August 1899




The ADB commits a paragraph to her in her husband's entry. Described as "very talented", in "Perth she became active in musical circles and herself taught music at the Bishop's College (Hale School). In 1876 she opened a school of her own . . . Family photographs show a handsome, determined pair well capable of the imaginative enterprise and drive that marked their activities in Western Australia".

The State Library of Western Australia holds her copy of a volume of Mendelssohn's Songs without words (; also family papers (

Bibliography and resources:

H. Drake-Brockman, "Broadhurst, Charles Edward (1826-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

"Eliza Broadhurst", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Jonathan Gifford, "Xantho and the Broadhurst family", ABC Radio Perth, (11 February 2010)

"The Broadhurst family", Western Australian Museum


Musician, pianist

Born Bath, England, 1807
Departed Sydney, NSW, c.1855-56 (for UK)
Died Boscombe, England, 19 September 1887


She was a daughter of Unitarian minister and musical enthusiast, Thomas Broadhurst, of Bath (with Henry Harrington, a co-founder of the Bath Philharmonic Society), and sister of Edward Broadhurst (in Sydney from 1838).

In Sydney in May 1853 she married the politician, horse-racing enthusiast, and secretary of Homebush Races, John Holden. Stephen Marsh dedicated his Homebush galop (published in 1856; no copy identified) to Mrs. John Rose Holden.

John Holden already had musical connections, Isaac Nathan and John and Frank Howson having sung at a farewell dinner for him in Sydney in 1849.

As noted by Bell's Life, Mrs. Holden was the "late Miss Broadhurst, the celebrated pianist" for whom Marsh had composed it. Marsh had probably known Broadhurst in England. There is no record of her performing professionally in Sydney, and the Holden's announced by June 1855 intention to return to England soon.

It was her husband who was the subject of "Rose Holden's song", published as one of a set of six "Songs of the Nominees" in the Empire in October 1855.

On the Broadhursts, and their relative Bessie Holland, see also John Chapple, Elizabeth Gaskell: the early years (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997).


"MRS. A. SHAW'S CONCERT", The Musical World (27 May 1836), 175

"BATH.-THE MISS BROADHURSTS' CONCERTS", The Musical World (10 February 1837), 125

"MRS. SHAW AND THE MISS BROADHURSTS", The Musical World (21 April 1837), 105

"Public Farewell Dinner to John Rose Holden, Esq.", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 February 1849), 2

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 May 1853), 3

"SONGS OF THE NOMINEES. No.6. ROSE HOLDEN'S SONG", Empire (1 October 1855), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1856), 4

"MUSICAL CRITIQUE", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 June 1856), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Jerom Murch, Biographical sketches of Bath celebrities, ancient and modern: with some fragments of local history (London: Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1893), 149-51

Vivienne Parsons, "Holden, John Rose (1810-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

J. M. Bennett, "Broadhurst, Edward (1810-1883)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

BROADHURST, William Gore

Professor of music, pianist, organist, composer

Born London, England, 4 November 1838
Active Sydney, NSW, by August 1867
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 31 January 1914, aged 74



"ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August1867), 8

"NAVAL RECEPTION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 13

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1871), 6

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (27 May 1893), 9

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 February 1914), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (2 February 1914), 9

[News], Record [Emerald Hill, VIC] (7 February 1914), 2

Mr. W. G. Broadhurst, of 68 St. Vincent Place, South Melbourne, died at St. Vincent's Hospital at an early hour on Saturday morning. For the past 26 years the late Mr. Broadhurst held the position of organist at SS. Peter and Paul's .Church, South Melbourne, and composed a special Mass for the opening of the additions to the church by Archbishop Carr in April of last year. Prior to coming to Australia he was a choir boy at Westminster Abbey. Mr. Broadhurst, who was 74 years of age, leaves a widow, and grown up family of two sons and five daughters . . .

Musical works:

Maribyrnong Park Estate waltz (South Melbourne: Broadhurst, [n.d.])

Rouse ye Britons (patriotic song; words and music by Edwd. Septimus Powell; arr. by W. G. Broadhurst; Composed in honor of Her Most Gracious Majesty's Diamond Jubilee, 1897) (Albert Park, Melbourne : E.S. Powell, [1897])


Dancer, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Brock was billed in Sydney in February and March 1842 as a theatrical dancer at Luigi Dalle Case's Olympic Theatre, appearing both as a soloist (in dances including the "cachouca" and "Milanese hornpipe", and in duets with Joseph Chambers and Mons. Charriere. She had disappeared from record by April. A Mr. Brock was in charge of "the dresses" at for George Buckingham's Amateur Theatre in Melbourne in May and June 1842.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 February, 1842), 3

AUSTRALIAN OLYMPIC THEATRE, HUNTER-STREET. SIGNOR DALLE CASE . . . has formed engagements, for the ensuing season, with MR. & MRS. KNOWLES; MR. & MRS O'FLAHERTY; MRS. XIMENES; MRS. LARRA; AND WITH MONS. CHARRIERE and MRS. BROCK, FOR THE Ballet Department and Principal Dancers . . . AN EFFICIENT ORCHESTRA is now forming, which will be led by Mr. Deane, Jun. . . .

"THE OLYMPIC", The Sydney Herald (5 March 1842), 2 

. . . we have, at the top of the list, the manager, Mr. Knowles, out of all sight, in any department of the drama, the first actor in Sydney. We have then Spencer, and Falchon, and O'Flaherty, and Lane, all of respectable talents; and on the other side we have Mrs. O'Flaherty, Mrs. Knowles, Mrs. Ximenes, Mrs. Larra, and Mrs. Brock, a constellation of female performers such as we seldom meet with, and need never expect to find surpassed in this colony. How could we have omitted Mr. Chambers of Highland fling notoriety, one of the most graceful dancers we have ever seen? . . .

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1842), 2

THIS EVENING, 18TH MARCH, 1842, The performance will commence with the highly Popular Farce, called THE DEAD ALIVE, OR, MAKE YOUR WILLS. After which, Horsemanship in the Circle. To be followed by the Cachouca, by Mrs. Brock and Mr. J. Chambers . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (22 June 1842), 2 


Musician, violinist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865  


[Advertisement], The Star (6 September 1864), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 68


Musician, fiddler, violinist, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (26 March 1838), 2 

A convict who had absconded from the service of Mr. Hill, in the county of Murray, and had been absent about six months, was apprehended on Friday whilst fiddling with great glee in a public house in Clarence street. His real name is James Broddick, but he had used another, by which he had procured an engagement for the orchestra of the new Theatre. He was sentenced to receive fifty lashes for being out of his district, and remanded to the interior to be dealt with for the second offence, namely, absconding.

BRODERICK, James Patrick (junior)

Organist, harmonium player, choirmaster, organ builder

Born Maitland, NSW, 1837
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 October 1907, aged 60



Born Maitland, NSW, 1855
Died Maitland, NSW, 1873


"NARROW ESCAPE FROM FIRE", The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1864), 2

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (21 March 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 August 1866), 5

PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, and other MUSICAL INSTRUMENT TUNED and BEPAIRED in a superior manner. Address, Opposite the Exchange Hotel, West Maitland. JAMES P. BRODERICK. August 9th, 1866. TESTIMONIALS. I have much pleasure in recommending to my pupils, and the public in general, Mr. James Broderick for tuning and repairing pianos and harmoniums, as his skill and care are certainly equal, if not superior, to anyone known to me in the colony. DR. CHS. H. HORN. Maitland, August, 1866. High-street, West Maitland, July 24th, 1866. This is to certify that I have had many opportunities of testing the ability of Mr. James Broderick as a tuner, and have no hesitation in pronouncing him perfectly qualified for that business in all its branches, and, from his late experience in regulating and repairing piano-fortes, have no doubt he will give entire satisfaction to all who may think proper to honour him with their patronage. MARMADUKE H. WILSON.

"ST. BRIDGET'S CHURCH, BRANXTON", The Maitland Mercury (29 November 1866), 2

"DIOCESE OF MAITLAND", Freeman's Journal (1 March 1873), 9

The grand concert in aid of St. Johns Cathedral, advertised for Monday, the 10th instant, was postponed until the 17th instant, owing to the untimely and much-regretted death of Miss Annie Broderick, formerly a member of St. John's choir, and sister to its able organist and conductor, Mr. J. P. Broderick. Miss Broderick enjoyed a high reputation in musical circles - she was gifted with a rich, sweet voice, and was, while she remained in the choir, its "brightest star." Possessed of rare musical abilities, and endowed with all the refinement of female intellect, and all the energy of enthusiasm, Miss Broderick was certain to attain distinction in her favourite, her especial study - music. Who, that has heard her in the soul-entrancing com positions of Mozart, Mendelssohn, Haydn, &c, can forget the pathos and soul in which she would enshrine, as it were, the words which were the inspiration of these gifted masters. Neither can we forget her delightful rendering of those grand old melodies, which the genius of Moore has clad in words as bewitching as the luscious music of the airs themselves. "I saw from the Beach" was her last song before a Maitland audience. The voice, which then so thrilled her hearers, is now hushed, and the fingers, which glided so nimbly over the keyboard, are still, for evermore. The first part of the concluding words of her favourite song, "She's far from the Land," can now but be too appropriately applied to herself : - "They've made her a grave where the sun beams rest, When they promise a glorious morrow! . . ."

"Death of Mr. J. P. Broderick", The Maitland Daily Mercury (31 October 1907), 2

. . . For many years the late Mr. Broderick was organist and choirmaster of St. John's Cathedral, and after resigning from that position he gave his attention to the tuning of organs and pianos, while he conducted an agency for the sale of musical instruments at his late residence in Elgin-street . . . He was a native of Maitland district, and was about 65 years [sic] of age.

Musical edition:

The evening service book, or, manual of sacred music, for the use of choirs, containing the order of vespers, in Latin, for all Sundays and festivals of the year, selected and arranged by James P. Broderick (Maitland: E. Tipper, Pr., 1869; ? 1880) 

Bibliography and resources:

Geoffrey Cox (historical and technical documentation), "St John's Anglican Church Carthage Street, Tamworth [organs]" (OHTA 2014)  

BROMLEY, William James

Clarinettist, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Born c. 1822
Died Hobart, 30 July 1855, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . . Principal Clarinets - Messrs. W. Martin, A. Cleary. Clarinets - Messrs. Lillingston, Bromley, Hepperon, and Simpson . . .

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2

. . . The final concert of a series was given at the Military Barracks by Messrs T. Martin, A. Hill, W. Bromley, and W. Poole, of the band of the 99ih Regiment, on Thursday evening, before a numerous company.

"DIED", The Hobarton Mercury (1 August 1855), 2 

On the 30th July 1855, aged 33 years, at the Regimental Hospital, Private WILLIAM JAMES BROMLEY, late of the band, 99th regiment. He was a musician of an high order, and is much lamented by his comrades. The funeral will take place at 2 o'clock this day.

"SOLDIER'S FUNERAL", Colonial Times (2 August 1855), 3

The remains of William James Bromley, the bandsman, were yesterday interred at St. David's burying ground. The band of the regiment, of which deceased had been an esteemed member, attended, and as the funeral procession moved on, played the Dead March in Saul . . .

Note: Memorial plaque at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart:

The stone was erected by his Brother Musicians as a tribute of respect. Also Wm. JA. BROMLEY Musician in the same Corps who departed this life 30th July 1855 Aged 33 years. Affection weeps Heaven rejoices.

BROOKE, Gustavus Vaughan (Gustavus Vaughan BROOKE; G. V. BROOKE)

Actor, theatrical manager

Born Dublin, Ireland, 25 April 1818; son of Gustavus BROOKE and Frances BATHURST
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 February 1855
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1861 (per Great Britain, for England)
Died at sea, 11 January 1866 (en route to Australia, per London, from Plymouth, 1 January) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia)

BROOKE, Warren Auber (Warren Auber BROOKE; Rev'd W. A. BROOKE; W. A. BROOK [sic])

Amateur musician, organist, pianist, Anglican priest

Active Tasmania, by 1854
Died Clifton, Gloucestershire, England, 7 November 1906, aged 81


Brooke, late of Trinity College Cambridge, was senior fellow at Christ's College, Hobart in 1854. An appendix to Stoney's A year in Tasmania (306) reprints a press report of the Annual Commemoration (? in 1854):

Shortly after eleven, the proceedings of the day commenced with the usual morning service in the chapel, at which the late Warden said prayers, and the lessons were read by the Divinity Fellow in waiting for the week (Mr. Adams). Those who are admirers of sacred music had a great treat in the performance on the organ by the Rev. W. A. Brooke, whose accompaniments to the chanting of the service were of a very superior description, adding very much to the impressiveness of that solemn and beautiful ritual.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 June 1854), 8

"George Town", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 January 1869), 3

"GRAND AMATEUR CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 July 1872), 2

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Argus (17 March 1876), 7

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY (W. S.)", Launceston Examiner (19 November 1892), 7 

Your correspondeont H.B. in his interesting reminiscences last Saturday desired to know something more of the above society. As its secretary from start to finish I am only too glad to supply what information I possess from memory. The old society after practising in the Baptist Chapel, York-street, was dissolved. I believe in 1854 a meeting was convened at the residence of the late Mr. R. Kenworthy, Cameron-street, and there the new society was formed. It was decided to practice in the Wycliffe Chapel, York-street, and there the sieetinge were regularly held. The first invitation rehearsal was held in Tamar-street church, the late Rev. C. Price becoming an honorary member and an ardent supporter until its close. All the officers were honorary, and the concerts were given in aid of local charitable objects. These were held in the Cornwall Assembly Rooms. At the time of the Indian mutiny the society united with the Philharmonic and produced the "Creation" in aid of the fund for the wounded, which was a great success, the tickets being 10s 6d and 7s 6d, and the proceeds upwards of £600. The leading parts were Miss Lucy Chambers, soprano; Mrs. Hamilton, contralto; Mr. Henslow, Hobart, tenor; Mr. Farquharson, bass; Mr. J. Adams, conductor; Rev. W. A. Brook, pianist. This society teen numbered 100 members, but, like everything in this city, interest and attendance declined, and eventually the society was dissolved, the property sold, and the books, etc,, placed in care of the Mechanics' Institute, where, I suppose, they might be perused on application to the librarian, Mr. Johnetone, who was one of the old members.

"EARLY LAUNCESTON. MR. WHITFIELD'S LECTURE No.4", Launceston Examiner (7 July 1897), 7

"SCHOOL SPEECH DAYS. THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Examiner (22 December 1906), 11

BROOKS, Henry (Henry BROOKS)

Musician, member of the German Band

Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BROOKS, Thomas (Thomas BROOKS; T. BROOKS; Mr. BROOKS, sen.; performed in Australia as T. H. BROOKS)

Musician, professor of music (in England), harpist, lace-maker, importer, customs officer (in Australia)

Born Shoreditch, London, England, 2 May 1799; baptised St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 29 May 1799; son of Thomas BROOKS and Ann GODDARD
Married (1) Catherine WATSON (c. 1806-1845), Christ Church Greyfriars, Newgate, London, 26 Dec 1824
Arrived Auckland, NZ, 17 March 1859 (per Excelsior, from London, December 1858)
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, 23 January 1860 (per Tyne, from Auckland, NZ, 3 January)
Married (2) Rachel Martha CROAKER (DODD) (1810-1883), St. Philip's church, Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1861
Died North Willoughby, NSW, 27 May 1883, aged "85/86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NOTE: In official documents, Brooks used only one forename, Thomas, and in musical billings in England just the single initial T; however, for his 2 years as a public musician in Australia, 1860-62, and then alone, he consistently billed himself as T. H. Brooks (the initials used in England by his eldest son); but although his son was "Thomas Henry", it should probably not necessarily be assumed that Thomas senior's "H" was also intended to stand for Henry


Thomas Brooks was born in Shoreditch on 2 May 1799, and baptised at St. Leonard's church, on 29 May, a son of Thomas Brooks, sen., and his wife Ann Goddard, who had married at St. Alphege, London Wall, on 6 February 1798.

There is no record of his earliest musical training, whether at home from his parents (there is no record of his father's occupation), or from a teacher or teachers.

The fullest (though perhaps somewhat garbled) account of his early years is that given by either Samuel Bennett or William Hanson, of the Empire, or one of their journalists, in Sydney in July and September 1860, from information presumably sourced more or less directly from Brooks. According to this, Brooks, aged no more than 15 or 16, had performed during a ceremony at the Guildhall to celebrate the peace treaty of 1815-16. It was also claimed - admittedly somewhat improbably - that Brooks played before Napoleon, on St. Helena, and thus sometime before the latter's death in 1821; but also, more plausibly, for the duke of Wellington, at Stratfield Saye (therefore, after 1817); and before George IV, at Carlton House, in 1820, the first year of his reign.

Only once, in the Age in Melbourne on 17 April 1860, was it directly reported that Brooks had been "a pupil" of Bochsa; if so, this was probably no earlier than Bochsa's first arrival in London in 1817. Less directly, in Sydney the Empire described him as "a disciple", not only of Bochsa, but, somewhat implausibly of Elias Parish Alvars (who was almost a decade Brooks's junior), Ellis Roberts (two decades Brooks's junior), and of the Belgian Félix Godefroid (likewise 2 decades Brooks's junior, who moreover did not first visit London until 1841). Likewise, he never claimed to be (as Hallo 2014 below stated) either a pupil of Balsir Chatterton (who was five years his junior) or of the Royal Academy of Music (again, he was already too old to be among the first intake).

Rather, Brooks was, in all likelihood, a fully-fledged musical professional in his own right by the early 1820s.

When his eldest son (Thomas Henry) was baptised in January 1826, he was living in Old-street and practising as a professor of music, teaching not only harp but piano, and evidently with a reasonably fashionable clientele. The following year, he composed and published a Polacca and polonaise for harp and flute, giving 17 Hunter-street, on Brunswick-square, as his address. He was still teaching music as well as trading as a music seller from the same address five years later when, on 30 November 1830, he was gazetted as bankrupt. The immediate cause of his financial failure was apparently the damages of £200 awarded against him, earlier that month, in a sensational suit for criminal conversation (sexual intercourse) alleged to have occurred between him and one of his married pupils, a Mrs. Marquis.

At the time of the baptism of Brooks' and his first wife's next child, at St. Sepulchre, Holborn, on 30 March 1832 (George Edmund, d. 1835), he and his family were living in Bath Street, and he now gave his profession as a lace manufacturer, as he continued to do until the mid 1840s or later. The family moved to Islington by 1834 and were still there in 1844.

Though there are no contemporary records of Brooks's musical activities during most of the 1830s and 1840s, the Empire again later reported that he had been, "we believe, one of the twelve harpists who formerly played at Jullien's promenade concerts at Covent Garden". If indeed Brooks had appeared for Louis Jullien, this would have been in the 1840s; however, it is more likely that Brooks was one of the twelve and/or thirteen harps mustered on several occasions by either Henry Bishop or Bochsa in the early 1820s.

By the early 1850s, however, Brooks was evidently seeking new business opportunities in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. In 1851 he was granted the license of the Star and Garter Hotel at Sandown on the Isle of Wight. However, the bulk of his business was probably supplying the island generally with wholesale wines and spirits from London (at his eldest daughter, Emily's marriage in 1852 she accordingly gave his occupation as "porter"). As such, he traded in partnership with his eldest son, Thomas Henry, from premises in Henrietta-street, Covent Garden in London and Sandown, until again being declared bankrupt in 1855, when the stock in trade of the Star and Garter was also advertised to be sold up. Apparently, however, Brook managed to retain the hotel, and did not give up the license until shortly before his final departure from the island in 1858.

Confusingly, there was another amateur harpist and publican, James Brooks, of the Blackgang Hotel, also active on the Isle of Wight around this time, possibly his brother or other relation. At the opening of his hotel in March 1849, James reportedly contributed much to the pleasure of the evening "by playing several tunes on the harp, he being a most excellent player on that instrument." "Mr. Brook, of Black Gang, on the harp" was again identified as playing for a concert at Newport in February 1851, and it may also have been James who performed for a public dinner at Shanklin in December 1848, and again for the Lamb Philharmonic Society in January 1849.

By the beginning of 1856, however, "Mr. Brooks, of Sandown", unequivocally Thomas, was also again appearing regularly in public as a performer on the harp. Also billed with him as vocalists were his daughters Catherine (1834-1875) and Eliza (1835-1925) and Mr. Brooks, jun. (Thomas Henry), and as a pianist "Mr. J. Brooks", perhaps James above, or another unidentified relative (no known son had that first initial). Together with his family, Brooks gave two final benefit concerts in February and April 1858, before apparently leaving the island for good around the same time.

In December 1858, Brooks and his eldest and youngest sons, Thomas Henry, and Charles Phillips (b. 1844), sailed from London for New Zealand. Another son Francis James (Frank) (b. 1840; d. QLD, 1881), a merchant seaman, had already preceded them to the colonies, first arriving in Sydney, NSW, in June 1857, as an apprentice crew-member on the ship Speedy. This perhaps accounts for the erroneous claim on Brooks's 1883 NSW death certificate that he himself had been in the colonies for 26 years, whereas the real figure was 24 (for New Zealand) and 23 (for NSW).

As it transpired, when as late as 1904 his daughter Eliza advertised for information on the whereabouts of her long lost father and brothers, this was probably the last their English family ever heard of any of them.

New Zealand and Australia (from 1859):

Brooks and his two sons duly arrived in Auckland, NZ, on 17 March 1859, as immigrants on the Excelsior. A week later, Brooks appeared as solo harpist in a concert for the Auckland Choral Society, with another recent arrival, the young pianist Albert Alexander. He and Thomas Henry, as vocalist, also later appeared in several Auckland concerts with the violinist Carl Schmitt, before, on 3 January 1860, having formed a touring partnership, Brooks (without his sons) and Schmitt sailed on to Hobart Town, Tasmania.

After giving several concerts in Hobart and Launceston with Schmitt, Brooks sailed on alone to Melbourne, and performed there in April, May, and June, reportedly intending next to rejoin his sons in New Zealand. Instead, however, he got no further than Sydney, where he arrived in June or early July.

Having married a second time in Sydney in May 1861, he gave his final public benefit concert in March 1862, and thereafter retired from the concert stage, and took up a post with the Customs department.

Repertoire and compositions:

Brooks's published concert programs in England, New Zealand and Australia indicate several works as his own compositions, none of which, however, are known to survive.

The polonaise by him was plausibly that he published in 1827. However, perhaps not all the works he claimed were entirely his own. For instance, his often performed variations on Believe me, if all those endearing young charms might have been based on, and developed from, a published set, such as, for instance, that by John Weippert.

Among other works, he frequently programmed one or more duos ("Duo da camera", "Grand Duo") by William Henry Steil, as well as two sets of variations, on My lodging is on the cold ground, and O Nanny wilt thou gang with me, probably also those by Steil, who was active in London in the second decade of the century, and could plausibly have been one of Brooks's teachers.

He also performed works by Ferdinando Paer, including the Overture to Agnese.

The military march "from a distance" often also included in his programs was almost certainly Bochsa's Favourite march in imitation of a military band at a distance.

Two other interesting works that he programmed in Auckland were arrangements by Bochsa of "Come innocente Giovane", from Donizetti's Anna Bolena, and of themes from L'ultimo giorno di pompei by Giovanni Pacini.

He also frequently accompanied vocalists, especially in harp-themed songs, as, in Hobart in January 1860, when Rosina Carandini and Brooks performed Stephen Glover's The blind girl to her harp.

At his own very last public concert, in Sydney in March 1862, he also programmed a sonata ("opera 47") by Jean-Baptiste Cardon.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, in the year 1799; register 1797-1801; London Metropolitan Archive (PAYWALL)

Baptised 29 [May 1799] / Thomas S. of Thomas & Ann Brooks of Clostreet road. Born 2nd inst.

Marriages solemnized in the united parishes of Christ Church and St. Leonard, Foster Lane, in the City of London, in the year 1824; register, 1824-42, [unpaginated]; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 635 / Thomas Brooks of the parish of St. Leonard Foster bachelor & Catherine Watson of the same parish were married in the church by Banns this [26 December 1824] . . . in the presence of Thos. Brooks Sen'r . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Saint Sepulchre in the county of Middlesex and City of London in the year 1826; register, 1818-31, page 62; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 494 / Jan'y 13th / Thomas Henry Son of / Thomas and Catherine / Brooks / Old Street / Professor of Music . . .

"Review of Music . . . HARP", The harmonicon [London] (June 1827), 139 

. . . 5. Polacca and Polonaise for ditto [the harp], with FLUTE Accompaniment and an Introduction, by T. Brooks. (Brooks, 17, Hunter Street.) . . .
No. 5 is more remarkable for its title than for any thing else. We would fain know the difference between a polacca and a polonaise; having always supposed that both signify a Polish dance, only that the one word is mongrel Italian, the other legitimate French. We, however, cannot for the life of us find out more than one air in this piece: the variation of the subject at page 6 may be meant as the second, but if so, it proves, without any further evidence, that polacca and polonaise mean one and the same thing. Mr. Brooks calls this a favourite air: it may be so; but it is so common, so like a thousand other things of the same class, that we cannot find any distinctive marks about it.

"COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. - THURSDAY. MARQUIS v. BROOKS", Morning Post (12 November 1830), 4 (PAYWALL)

Mr. Sergeant Wilde stated that this was an action brought by the Plaintiff, Captain Marquis, a respectable gentleman, the Commander of the Lady Campbell Indiaman, against the Defendant, a Mr. Thomas Brooks, a gentleman of considerable professional talent as an instructor of music, resident in Hunter-street, Brunswick-square. The Chief Justice, after hearing the evidence, summed up, and the Jury, after five minutes' consultation, returned a verdict - Damages, 200 L.

"CRIM. CON", Bell's Weekly Messenger (15 November 1830), 6 (PAYWALL)

An action was brought in the Common Pleas on Thursday, by Captain Marquis, the East India Company's service, against Mr. Brooks, professor music. The damages were laid at 5,000l. It appeared that the plaintiff left England in 1826, and during his absence abroad the defendant was introduced into the family as teacher of the harp and piano-forte to the wife the plaintiff and his children, during which time the criminal intercourse question was committed. The principal witnesses for the plaintiff were two females, who had been employed as nurses to Mrs. Marquis, who deposed that the defendant frequently breakfasted with the lady, and sometimes stopped to dinner and tea. There was a sofa in the drawing-room (said one of these witnesses) and I frequently saw Mrs. M. and the defendant on it together. I have seen Mrs. Marquis lying along the sofa, and the defendant sitting at her feet, and on one occasion when I entered the room unawares in the afternoon, ahout three o'clock, I perceived the defendant and my mistress together on the sofa. I gave warning after this, but stopped another month to enable my mistress to suit herself. They said nothing to me on my entering the room, but appeared much alarmed. The defendant rose hearing the door open. He seemed very much confused, but said nothing. It was proved that the plaintiff and his wife lived upon affectionate terms, and that during his absence from England she received about 450l. a year. Mr. Serjeant Spankie, behalf the defendant, commented upon the evidence, and observed, that it was evident the plaintiff did not view his wife in a very criminal light; for it appeared, that after he had been informed of his wife's conduct, he again took her under his protection, lived with her in the same house, and there was reason to believe, cohabited with her. The Lord Chief Justice summed the case, and the jury, after consulting together a few minutes, returned verdict for the plaintiff - Damages 2OOl.

"From the LONDON GAZETTE, Tuesday, November 30 . . . BANKRUPTS", Trades' Free Press (4 December 1830), 4 (PAYWALL)

. . . Thomas Brooks, jun., Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, music seller . . .

"BANKRUPTS", The new monthly [London] (1 January 1831), 47 

November 30 . . . T. BROOKS, jun. Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, music seller . . .

[Notice], The London gazette (18 January 1831), 114 

WHEREAS the acting Commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued forth against Thomas Brooks the younger, of Hunter-Street, Brunswick-Square, in the County of Middlesex, Music and Musical-Instrument-Seller, have certified to the Right Honourable the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, that the said Thomas Brooks the younger hath in all things conformed himself according to the directions of an Act of Parliament made concerning Bankrupts . . .

England census, 6 June 1841, Islington, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 664 / 1 (PAYWALL)

Frederick Place / Thomas Brook / 42 / Tambour [maker] // Thomas / 15 / [illegible] /
Henry / 2 // Frances / Inf. / Catharine / 35 // Catharine / 6 // Eliza / 4 / [all born in county]

England census, 30 March 1851, Cripplegate, London; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1525 (PAYWALL)

15 Bridgewater Sq. / Thomas H'y Brooks / Son / U[nmarried] / 25 / Lace Man'r / [born] Midd'x St. Sep'lcr
Katherine / Dau. / 16 / - / [born] [Middlesex] Islington
Eliza / 14 // Henry / 12 // Francis J / 10 // Chas. P / 7 / [all born Middlesex Islington]

"NEWPORT PETTY SESSIONS. Saturday", Isle of Wight Observer (17 September 1853), 2 (PAYWALL)

The applications for new licenses, which was adjourned from the annual licensing day, were granted to Mr. Thomas Brooks, for the Star and Garter Hotel, Sandown . . .

"MEETINGS - At Basinghall-St. Cont. f. Col. 239 Gazette - Mar. 27, 1855", Perry's Bankrupt Gazette (31 March 1855), 6 (PAYWALL)

1855 - Brooks Thomas, of Henrietta-st, Covent-garden, and Sandown, Isle of Wight, wine and spirit merchant, late in co-partnership with Thomas Henry Brooks, of Benet's-hill . . .

"MEETINGS - At Basinghall-St. Cont. f. Col. 917 Gazette - Dec. 4, 1855", Perry's Bankrupt Gazette (8 December 1855), 6 (PAYWALL)

1855 - Brooks Thomas, of Henrietta-st. Covent-garden, co. Middlesex, and Sandown, Isle of Wight, co. Southampton, wine & spirit merchant, lately in copartnership with Thomas Henry Brooks, of Benet's-hill, London, lace manufacturer . . .

"RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Hampshire Advertiser (12 January 1856), 7 (PAYWALL)

The second family concert of this society came off on Friday (yesterday), at the Town Hall. The instrumental portion of the programme was sustained by Mr. Holloway (pianoforte), Mr. Austin (cornet), and Mr. Brooks, of Sandown (harp). About three hundred were present.

"RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Hampshire Advertiser (5 April 1856), 8 (PAYWALL)

Messrs. Austin and Holloway's benefit concert took place at the Town Hall on Monday evening last, before a crowded audience, numbering upwards of three hundred persons . . . A harp solo, "Fantasia on Popular Airs," by Mr. Brooks, the harpist, was rapturously applauded and encored; as was also his second solo in the 2nd part, - in fact, that gentleman's exquisite performance was the greatest attraction, and seemed to rivet the whole attention of the audience . . .

"DIVISIONAL PETTY SESSIONS . . . STEALING SILVER PLATE", Isle of Wight Mercury (3 January 1857), 2 (PAYWALL)

Emma White, a married woman, the wife of Henry White, was brought up in custody, on charge of stealing a silver cream ewer, the property of Mr. Thomas Brooks, at Sandown. The first witness called was Mr. Thomas Henry Brooks, son of the prosecutor, who deposed to being resident with his father, who kept the Star and Garter Inn, at Sandown. On Monday, the 22nd inst., he saw the cream ewer, (produced) standing on a glass shelf in the window of Mr. Barnard, jeweller and silversmith . . . The ewer he recognized as his father's property, and accordingly gave information to the police . . . Mr. Thomas Brooks, the prosecutor, being called, stated that in the early put of last summer the prisoner was frequently in his employ as charwoman . . .

"CONCERT", Hampshire Telegraph (6 June 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

We are informed from creditable sources that Mr. Brooks, of Sandown, the celebrated harpist, intends giving a concert at the Victoria Rooms in a short time. From his connexion with the Ryde Philharmonic Society, and from his popularity in Ryde as a performer, we have no doubt that he will be supported by an overflowing audience.

"MR. BROOKS, THE HARPIST", Hampshire Telegraph (20 June 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

The concert announced to take place at the Victoria Rooms for the benefit of this talented harpist has been for the present postponed. We hope, however, he will not cancel his intention altogether; for, from the valuable service he has rendered the Ryde Philharmonic Society at their various concerts, he is entitled to, and would doubtless receive, a large share of their support.

"GRAND BANQUET TO R. W. KENNARD, ESQ.", Isle of Wight Mercury (13 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

A Grand Banquet to the ex-conservative member of this borough was given at the Queen's Rooms, on Wednesday evening . . . In the musical department we noticed Mr. H. Austin, the talented performer on the cornet-a-piston, Mr. Brooks, the accomplished harpist, of Bembridge, and Mr. Mew, the efficient pianist, of this borough . . .

"NEWPORT. COUNTY PETTY SESSIONS. February 6 . . . TRANSFER OF LICENSE", Isle of Wight Mercury (13 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

The Star and Garter Hotel, Sandown, from Mr. Brooks to Mr. Frank Wheeler.

[Advertisement], Isle of Wight Mercury (20 February 1858), 5 (PAYWALL)

Victoria Rooms, Ryde.
MR. BROOKS BEGS respectfully to inform the Gentry and Inhabitants of Ryde and its vicinity, that (several of the Members of the Ryde Philharmonic Society, with their Conductor, Mr. Holloway, having kindly offered their services,) he intends giving a CONCERT AT THE ABOVE ROOMS, On MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22nd, 1858, To commence at Eight o'Clock. VOCALISTS: Miss BROOKS; Miss E. BROOKS; Mr. BROOKS, Jun.; Mr. MACHIN; and MEMBERS of the RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY.
PART I. INSTRUMENTAL. - Pianoforte: Grand Wedding March, composed in honor of the Princess Royal: Mr. A. S. HOLLOWAY - Holloway . . .
SONG. - "I heard thy fate without a tear:" Mr. BROOKS, Jun. - Mrs. Merest . . .
SONG. - "The Gipsey Girl:" MISS E. BROOKS - S. Glover.
SOLO. - Harp: "My heart and lute," (with variations) Mr. Brooks - T. Brooks . . .
FANTASIE BRILLANTE. - Pianoforte: Lucrezia Borgia Mr. J. BROOKS - Oesten.
DUETT. - "Hark! 'tis the Moorish Evening Drum: Miss Brooks and Mr. Brooks, Jun. - J. Blockley.
DUETT. - Harp and Pianoforte: Duo da Camera; Messrs. T. and J. BROOKS - Steill.
PART II. SELECTIONS FROM MARITANA. - Harp, Pianoforte, Cornet, & Flute: Messrs. T. & J. BROOKS, JONES, and JONES, JUN., Jun. - Arranged J. G. Jones.
SONG. - With Harp accompaniment: "The Blind Girl to her Harp:" MISS BROOKS - S. Glover . . .
DUETT. - "What are the Wild Waves saying." Miss BROOKS & Miss E. BROOKS - S. Glover.
SOLO. - Harp: Mr. BROOKS - T. Brooks.
SONG. - "Maid of Athens:" (by desire) Mr. BROOKS, JUN. - Byron.
SONG. - "The Songs of other years:" MISS E. BROOKS - S. Glover . . .
SOLO. - Pianoforte: "A Grand Turkish March:" Mr. J. BROOKS.
SONG. - "Widow Machree" - Mr. BROOKS, JUN. - Lover . . .

"MR. BROOKS' BENEFIT CONCERT", Hampshire Telegraph (27 February 1858), 6 (PAYWALL)

This gentleman, who has rendered such important services to the Philharmonic Society by his gratuitous assistance at their musical entertainments, gave a concert at the Victoria Rooms on Monday evening, and, considering the numerous concerts that have lately taken place and others on the tapis, it was fairly attended; though, for the sake of Mr. Brooks - who spared neither trouble or expense in getting up a superior entertainment - we should like to have seen him better supported. The programme contained some choice selections of instrumental pieces, in which Mr. Brooks (harpist), Mr. J. Brooks (pianist), Mr. J. G. Jones (flutist), and Mr. Jones, jun. (the talented cornet player), all appeared, and their performances were warmly applauded. Mr. Brooks met with a deafening encore in his exquisite harp solo, "My Heart and Lute," as did Mr. Jones, jun., in his cornet solo; and Mr. J. Brooks gave a pleasing evidence of his talent in a Fantasia Brilliante, from "Lucrezia Borgia," on the piano forte . . . and the Misses Brooks and Mr. Brooks, jun., were very successful in their various songs and duetts . . . The programme was rather too long, and did not terminate till after eleven; but as it was judiciously varied the audience did not evince impatience . . .

"MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", Isle of Wight Mercury (27 February 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

This capital concert came off at the Victoria Rooms, on Monday evening, in the presence of large and highly respectable audience. The chief instrumentalist was of course Mr. Brooks himself . . . The Misses Brooks also sung one or two compositions very prettily, although an extreme nervousness was now and then exhibited which was somewhat painful to witness. When these young ladies have however had little more experience this feeling will speedily wear off . . . But the finest treat of the evening was undoubtedly the performance on the harp, pianoforte, cornet, and flute by Messrs. T. and J. Brooks, Jones, and Jones, jun. . . . "selections from Maritana, arranged by J. G. Jones," and it was given with precision of tone and a harmonious blending of the different instruments that had a most pleasing effect. Each gentleman is alike deserving of praise, and each was rapturously applauded throughout. Mr. Brooks also played on the harp, a beautiful little composition entitled "My heart and lute," and in our opinion this and the preceding piece were decidedly the gems the evening. A harp and pianoforte duett entitled "Duo du Camera," was also pleasingly rendered by Messrs. T. and J. Brooks. The entertainment, which was superior description, concluded with the National Anthem.

[Advertisement], Hampshire Independent (3 April 1858), 5 (PAYWALL)

UNDER the Patronage of the Worshipful the Mayor, the Officers of the Garrison, and several families of distinction.
VOCALISTS, Miss Brooks, Miss E. Brooks, Mr. T. H. Brooks, Mr. Machin, and Gentlemen from the Ryde Philharmonic Society.
INSTRUMENTALISTS, Cornet-a-Piston, MR. H. AUSTIN, Who has kindly volunteered his services.
Reserved Seats, 3s.; Second Seats, 2s.; Gallery, 1s . . .

"NEWPORT", Hampshire Telegraph (3 April 1858), 7 (PAYWALL)

A Concert is to take place at the Queen's Rooms, on Wednesday evening . . . for the benefit of Mr. Brooks, late of the Star Hotel, Sandown, the celebrated performer on the harp . . . As the ready aid of the beneficence [sic, beneficiare] was at all times given to the sacred cause of charity, or to promote the welfare of a brother musician, it is to be hoped, that on this occasion, Mr. Brooks will receive his reward in a bumper . . .

"NEWPORT. MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", Isle of Wight Observer (10 April 1858), 3 (PAYWALL)

A concert took place at the Queen's Rooms on Wednesday evening under the patronage of the Mayor, the officers of the Garrison, and several families of the town and neighbourhood, for the benefit of Mr. Brooks, the talented harpist, who has on many occasions shown every disposition to assist by his presence any society where his services were desired. The weather was exceedingly unfavourable, as the rain descended torrents and the wind blew in fitful gusts, notwithstanding which the attendance was numerous and respectable. The artistes comprised the Brooks' family; in addition to whom, Mr. H. Austin, the highly talented cornet-a-pistons player, and Mr. Machin, of Ryde, and the Newport Glee Society, volunteered their services. The programme was very varied, and, as too often is the case, was much too long; especially as the absurd custom of encoring is now carried to so great a length . . . Mr. Brooks gave two solos on the harp, which were warmly received. The Misses Brooks at first appeared nervous, but they rallied, and in the duett, "What are the wild waves saying" they were encored. Mr. Brooks, jun., sang three songs in capital style, but the last, "Widow Machree," was much the best. The performances upon the whole gave much satisfaction, and we hope that Mr. Brooks has netted an amount equal to his most sanguine expectations.

"VENTNOR. LITERARY INSTITUTE", Isle of Wight Observer (24 April 1858), 3 (PAYWALL)

A concert was advertised to take place at these rooms on Tuesday evening last . . . the vocalists were to have been Miss Brooks, Miss E. Brooks, Mr. Brooks, jun. . . . the instrumentalists, Mr. Brooks (harp) and Mr. J. Brooks (pianoforte) . . . We must . . . do Messrs. Brooks the justice of acknowledging that their duett "Duo da Camera" (harp and pianoforte) was a gem fit for any audience, and it received a hearty encore . . .

New Zealand (1859):

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND. ENTERED INWARDS", Daily Southern Cross [Auckland, NZ] (18 March 1859), 2 

March 17 - Excelsior, ship, 790 tons, H. Faithfull, from London. Passengers . . . Second Cabin and Steerage: . . . Thomas, Thomas J., and Charles Brooks . . .

[Advertisement], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (23 March 1859), 3 

Conductor - Mr. Joseph Brown. Pianist - Mr. Fleetwood.
THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL for the season will take place on THURSDAY evening, March 24th, in the Odd Fellows' Hall.
The Programme. Solo - Harp - Mr. Brooks. HANDEL'S "ACIS and GALATEA." Solo - Pianoforte - Mr. Alexander . . .
J. E. Bates, Hon. Sec.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Brown (conductor)

"THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL of the Fourth Season of the Auckland Choral Society . . .", New Zealander (26 March 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Thursday evening . . . Great additional interest was given to the rehearsal by the harp solo of Mr. Brooks and the pianoforte solo of Mr. Albert Alexander - two new-comers who have at once begun to contribute to the musical entertainment of their older fellow-colonists. Mr. Brooks chose for his theme, the lovely melody "My lodging is on the cold ground," which be played with the touch of a genuine melodist: the variations were also well executed; and having the advantage of an excellent instrument, Mr. Brooks merited the applause which he received . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Daily Southern Cross (29 March 1859), 3 

. . . The concert was opened by Mr. Brooks, a harpist of no inconsiderable power, lately arrived in the Province. He received a hearty encore. Mr. Brooks was followed by Mr. Albert Alexander, also a new arrival, on the piano-forte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Albert Alexander (pianist)

"PROFESSOR CARL SCHMITT", New Zealander (2 April 1859), 3 

On Thursday evening, at the close of the weekly practice of the Auckland Choral Society, Professor Schmitt - who has promised to aid in the Society's public performances - afforded the members who were present a rich musical treat by his masterly rendering of two of De Beriot's finest violin solos . . . In our next we hope to be able to draw attention to the announcement and the programme of the concert, at which, we hear, among others, Mr. Brooks', the harpist, his son, and Mr. Strauch will assist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Schmitt (violinist)

"CLASSICAL CONCERT", New Zealander (13 April 1859), 3 

We have to drew the attention of our readers to the advertisement of the concert to be given on Friday evening by Professor Schmitt, Mr. Brown (Conductor of the Choral Society), and the Messrs. Brooks, assisted by Mr. Strauch. Of Mr. Brooks' harp-playing, Mr. Brown's accompanying and ballad singing, or Mr. Strauch's fine bass voice and accurate rendering, we need say nothing. Mr. Brooks, junr., we have not yet heard, but have learnt that the is a pleasing and correct vocalist.

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (15 April 1859), 2 

PROGRAMME: PART I. OVERTURE TANCREDI - (Rossini) Messrs. Brooks and Brown . . .
Song, I heard thy Fate without a Tear (M. Meress) - Mr. Brooks, Jun.
Fantasia, Harp, My Lodging is on the Cold Ground, with variations (Brooks) Mr. Brooks . . .
Duo Concertante, Harp and Pianofore (Duo da Lamira) (Heil) [sic] Messrs. Brown & Brooks.
PART II. Overture to Agnisi - (Pair [Paer]) - Piano & Harp, Messrs. Brooks & Brown.
Song, Hark! Ye Soldiers (Balfe) Mr. Brooks, Jun. . . .
Fantasia, (Harp) Mr. Brooks, Sen. . . .

"THE CLASSICAL CONCERT . . .", New Zealander (20 April 1859), 3 

. . . conjointly announced by Professor Schmitt and Messrs. Brown and Brooks, senior and junior, took place last Friday evening, when, notwithstanding the heavy showers which fell during the greater part of the day, there was a fair attendance of the lovers of good music. The overtures arranged for harp and pianoforte were given with great spirit by Messrs. Brooks and Brown, and Mr. Brooks' harp solos displayed his abilities as a harpist in a most favourable light: his touchy is light, his tone full, and his execution expressive and finished. He was loudly applauded . . . Mr. Brooks, junior sang his two songs with much vigour, though suffering from the prevailing influenza. He also sang "Widow Machree" with humour. This has been objected to by some strict classicists as not strictly in keeping with a "classical concert," and perhaps it was not, but it made the audience laugh; and if we are not mistaken, the great Beethoven was so smitten with the gloriously rollicking humour of our celebrated national air "Old King Cole," that he has introduced it, in more shapes than one, into some of his most classical compositions. Are we, in fact, to suppose, that no true classic musician or scholar ever enjoys a bit of fun? . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (26 April 1859), 2 

PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture to "Agnese," for Harp and Piano; Paer - Messrs. Brown and Brooks . . .
Fantasia, Harp, - Mr. Brooks, sen.
Song, - "I'm leaving thee, Annie," - Mr. Brooks, jun.
Duo Concertante, for harp and Pianoforte, - Non piu andrai; Mozart, - Messrs. Brown & Brooks.
PART II. Duo Concertante, - Harmonious Blacksmith; Handel, - Messrs. Brown and Brooks . . .
Song, - Maid of Athens; Byron, - Mr. Brooks, jun.
Solo, Harp, - My Heart and Lute; Brooks, - Mr. Brooks, snr. . . .

"THE SECOND CLASSICAL CONCERT . . .", New Zealander (30 April 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Wednesday evening, and, notwithstanding a seasonably heavy shower of rain which fell just as folks were "going to go," the attendance was numerous . . . Mr. Brooks, sen., will make the harp quite a popular instrument among us, especially as an accompaniment to a simple ballad - of which we had proof in his accompaniment to the pathetic ballad, "I'm leaving thee, Annie," which his son sang very well but with rather too much dramatic emphasis. The "distant-music" solo was the favourite with the audience of Mr. Brooks' harp solos - and justly so, for the crescendo, forte, and diminuendo were most artistically given. Our Southern friends may reckon upon a great treat, if Mr. Brooks carries out his intention of paying a visit to each of the other Provinces . . . Mr. Brooks, jun., sang "Maid of Athens" so well that it was redemanded - old friends are ever welcome even in this age of novelties . . .

MUSIC: My life, I love you [Maid of Athens, 'ere we part] (music by Isaac Nathan, words by Byron)

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (12 July 1859), 2 

"A Nicht wi' Burns and Ramsay."
Under the special Patronage of HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR, And MRS. GORE BROWNE, And of His Honor John Williamson, Superintendent.
selected from the Songs of ROBERT BURNS and ALLAN RAMSAY,
PROGRAMME. Part I. Duo Concertante, for Harp and Pianoforte - "Caller Herring"; Mrs. Anderson and Mr. T. Brooks . . .
Fantasia, Harp, - introducing the airs, "Ye Banks and Braes," "Scots Wha Hae," "Auld Lang Syne," and "Green Grows the Rashes" . . .
Solo on Scottish Airs, on the Miniature Double Bass; Master J. Alexander Beale.
PART II . . . Solo, Harp, - introducing the airs, "Oh Nanny," "Tulloch Gorum," and "March."
Glee, - "Willie brew'd a peck o' Malt."
Duo, Harp and Pianoforte, - Messrs. Brooks and Fleetwood . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas and Harriet Gore Brown (governor and wife)

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (2 September 1859), 3 

MR BROOKS' CONCERT, in the Odd Fellows' Hall, on MONDAY EVENING, September 5th.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Quartett - "Come Innocente Giovane," from Op. Anna Bolena (Bochsa) Harp, Pianoforte, Flute, and Violoncello - Mrs. Anderson, Messrs. Brooks, Robottom and Currie . . .
Solo, Harp, on Irish Melody with Variations - Mr. T. Brooks. (Brooks.) . . .
PART II. Quartett - "L'Ultimo Giorno di Pompei" (Bochsa) Harp, Pianoforte, Flute and Violoncello, Mrs. Anderson, Messrs. Brooks, Currie, and Robottom . . .
Fantasia, Harp, Irish airs, introducing "Legacy," "Garry Owen," "The Harp that once thro' Tara's Hall," "Nora Creina," "St. Patrick's Day" . . .
Instrumental - "St. Patrick's Day," "God Save the Queen" . . .

"MR. BROOKES' CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (4 November 1859), 3 

We beg to call attention to Mr. Brookes announcement of a concert to be given next week. His selection of music we may further add, is good, and Mr. Brookes is well supported, both in the instrumental and vocal departments . . . and Mr. Brooks, jun., will also sing some favourite pieces . . . We anticipate that Mr. Brooks will have a crowded audience. We need not allude to his own performances on the harp, being aware that they are well known, and have been always highly appreciated in Auckland.

"MR. BROOKS' FAREWELL CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (3 January 1860), 3 

We feel assured that the numerous attendance at this Concert on Saturday evening, must have afforded Mr. Brooks very flattering proofs of the estimate formed by the public generally of his abilities as a musician. The Duett for Harp and pianoforte arranged upon Rossini's celebrated overture to "Tancredi;" very ably executed by Mr. Brooks and Mrs. Anderson, was welcomed with acclamation . . . Mr. Brooks in one of his favourite solos - "My Heart and Lute, with variations" . . . was deservedly encored thrice . . . An apology was made for Herr Schmitt, and his place very agreeably supplied by Mr. Brooks in a Fantasia on the Harp. We are happy to learn that Mr. Brooks intends returning here after a professional tour in Australia, and we feel convinced that the exquisite taste and feeling which he displays on the harp, will secure for him many admirers among our Continental neighbours.

[Shipping], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (4 January 1860), 3

December 31 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons. J. Riddle, from Hobart Town. Passengers [for Hobart] - Messrs. W. C. Schmitt, H. Brooks . . .

Tasmania (January to March 1860):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF HOBART TOWN. ARRIVED", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (24 January 1860), 2 

January 23 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons, Riddle, from Auckland (N.Z.) 3rd instant, with sundries. Passengers - Messrs. Smidt, Brooks, Jackson, Grey, and Lipscombe . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 January 1860), 1 

THE HARP, MR. T. H. BROOKS, The Celebrated Harpist;
AND HERR CARL SCHMITT, The Bavarian Violinist,
Have Iho honor to announce their arrival in Hobart Town,
and will shortly perform AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.

"GRAND CONCERT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (31 January 1860), 2

In calling public attention to the Concert announced by Mr. Brooks and Herr W. Carl Schmitt to take place this evening at the Temperance Alliance Rooms, we omitted to mention that the talented assistance of Miss Rosina Carandini and Mr. Buddee had been engaged on the occasion. Of the ability of these artistes we need say nothing, as it is well known to the public, but we perceive by the programme that Mr. Buddee will appear with both our visitors in some admirable duetts, respectively arranged for the harp and pianoforte, and for the violin and that instrument. Thus the opening overture to Rossini's Tancredi, and the closing overture to Paer's Agness (harp and pianoforte), both fine productions in very different styles, and the Duo Concertante from Auber's Masaniello (violin and pianoforte) will bring forth the powers of both performers in a manner that cannot fail to delight the audience. Miss Rosina Carandini has had allotted to her amongst other songs "The Blind Girl to her harp," with harp accompaniment by Mr. Brooks; in short the whole of the music selected both vocal and instrumental, is of a very choice character, and the Concert promises to bo something above the usual run of such entertainments.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 February 1860), 3 

Duo Concertante for the violin and piano (De Beriot.) - Herr W. Carl Schmitt and Mr. Buddee.
Solo - Harp, (Brooks), Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Song - Ever of Thee, (by desire,) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Solo - Violin, Souvenirs de Bellini (Artot) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - The Violet, (Mendelssohn), Miss Kent.
Duo for the Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Elegy for the Violin, (Ernst), Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - Come when the Moon is Breaking, (Lindley), Miss Kent.
Solo - Harp, Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Cavatina - Opera La Traviata (Verdi) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Concerto for the Violin, op 53, (W. C. Schmitt) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Duo - Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Tickets Three Shillings, to be had at Messrs. Walch and Sons, Wellington Bridge, Mr. Atkins, Murray-street, and at the doors in the evening.
Doors open at half-past 7 to commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE MONTH . . . PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (14 February 1860), 3 

In addition to the Oratorio already alluded to our citizens have been treated to two concerts given at the Temperance Alliance Rooms by Mr. T. H. Brookes, "the celebrated harpist," and Herr W. Carl Schmitt, "the great Bavarian Violinist," assisted by Misses Ellen Kent and Rosina Carandini, as vocalists, and Mr. Buddee, as pianist. The music selected for performance was admirably calculated to exhibit the great musical abilities of the artistes, whose style of playing, especially that of Mr. Brooks, elicited deserved applause.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosina Carandini (vocalist); Ellen Kent (vocalist); Julius Buddee (pianist)

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (15 March 1860), 2 

It has not been often of late that the musical public of Launceston has had the pleasure of listening to music of a high character, rendered by artists capable of giving full expression to the beautiful imaginings of some of the great masters of the art, yet such a pleasure was realized by those (and they were a goodly number) who attended the Cornwall Rooms on Thursday evening at a concert given by Mr. T. H. Brooks (harpist), and Herr Carl Schmitt (violinist), assisted by our fellow townsman, Mr. Robert Sharpe, who presided at the pianoforte.

Rossini's overture to Tancredi, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the concert, and was followed by De Beriot's 7th air varie for the violin, which was well executed by Herr Schmitt, and encored: answering to the call he gave the Carnival de Venise with variations. Next succeeded a solo on the harp, played with great taste by Mr. Brooks. A burst of applause and loud cries of "encore" greeted the artist at the conclusion of his beautiful solo, and again he had to seat himself at his instrument. This time he played the spirit stirring Scotch air "The Campbells are coming" with variations. Mr. R. Sharpe then gave a solo on the harmonium, the composition of A. Lefebure Wely. It is a composition evincing great musical knowledge, but of too scientific a character for a general audience. The overture to Agnes, arranged as a duo concertante for harp and pianoforte, closed the first part of the entertainment.

Selections from Auber's opera of Massaniello, arranged as a duo concertante for the violin and pianoforte opened the second part, and at its conclusion Mr. Brooks, after a brilliant prelude, played the beautiful Irish melody "My lodging is on the cold ground" with variations. The overture to Zampa, on the harmonium, was the next in the order of succession; and then followed Artot's "Souvenirs de Bellini," executed by Herr Carl Schmitt on the violin. This beautiful piece of instrumentation was deservedly encored; and the artist gave "Home, sweet home" with variations. The finale was a duo concertante by Paer, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, and was executed with great fidelity and taste.

We suppose that in accordance with the usual custom, we must now say a few words on the merits or demerits of the performers. This is not always a gracious task, for we confess we are not of those who either indulge in a system of lavish and often of unmerited praise, or, on the other hand, visit those who have displeased us with a sweeping and often undeserved censure. If a man in our opinion possesses merit, we are willing to do justice to that merit; but if, on the other hand, he is a charlatan, although it may not be always expedient to do so, yet we cannot help exposing him. It is this principle which gives value to criticism, for without it criticism is worse than valueless. One other observation we would make: no one but a musician should attempt to write a musical criticism. By a musician we do not mean a more player, but one who, by study and observation, has so refined and cultivated his musical talents, as to be able to enter into and appreciate the works of the great masters of harmony, and who also, in addition to this, has at some time or other had frequent opportunities of listening to the first performers of the day. The truth of this must be so obvious to all, that any further observations on this subject are needless.

Mr. Brooks, although not possessing the rapid and brilliant execution of Bochsa or Chatterton, is a harpist possessing great musical taste and skill, and his harmonics are the most perfect we have ever heard. He plays with great feeling, at times drawing forth tones of melting sweetness - at others, as with a firm hand, he sweeps the strings, eliciting chords so beautiful, yet withal so stirring, that one might almost fancy oneself in a baronial hall, listening to a bard of old. Of this one thing we are certain - there but few in Launceston who have had the pleasure of listening to a harpist possessing the ability of Mr. Brooks.

Herr Carl Schmitt is, we understand, a member of the Conservatoire de Paris, and was for some time violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. He is a sound performer on the violin, and produces a tone of great depth and purity. His execution is brilliant, and at the same time it possesses a smoothness which renders it very pleasing, and there is a total absence of that tricky playing which, however taking it may be to the uninitiated, is sure at once to be detected by the musician. Herr Schmitt has evidently studied deeply, and enters with enthusiasm into the practice of his beautiful art. We should be wanting in justice, did we not notice very favorably the accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Sharpe (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 March 1860), 4 

Academy of Music, 181 Macquarie Street.
MR. BUDDEE, in conjunction with Messrs. SCHMITT & RUSSELL,
have the honor to announce that on the 1st of April next, an Academy of Music will be commenced,
in which the Pianoforte, Violin, Harmonium, and Flute, will be Taught.
Also classes formed for Singing and the Theory of Music.
Terms, which will be very moderate, may be known by application to Mr. Buddee, at his residence, 181 Macquarie-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkins Russell (violinist)

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 March 1860), 4 

The Concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms on Wednesday evening last, if not numerously, was most fashionably attended, many of the families of our leading fellow citizens being present, including that of his Worship the Mayor, who was also himself there. The Concert, which was wholly of instrumental music, that of the harp, piano, and violin, commenced with Rossini's overture to Tancredi. After which Herr Schmitt delighted his audience with a thrilling melody of De Beriot which was encored, when Herr Schmitt gave with great taste and feeling a selection from the Carnival de Venise. Mr. Brook then gave a solo on the harp which produced sounds of applause and an encore. Mr. R. Sharp then played with good execution a solo on the Harmonium, the composition of Lefebure Wely, which was followed by a duo concertante on the harp and piano, Mr. Sharpe playing the piano part.

The second part consisted of a violin and piano duo by Messrs. Schmitt and Sharp. The overture to Zampa on the harmonium by Mr. Sharpe; the Souvenirs de Bellini beautifully executed by Herr Schmilt on the violin, and a duo concertante by harp and piano . . . Herr Carl Schmitt is a very distinguished musician, being a member conservatoire de Paris, and violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. Mr. Brooks has also moved in the highest musical circles at home, and on the continent, having been at one time Harpist to his late Majesty King George the Fourth, who was himself a brilliant musician and who bestowed on him marks of favour. Mr. Robert Sharpe gave the greatest satisfaction to the audience . . .

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (20 March 1860), 2 

Mr. T. H. Brooks and Herr Carl Schmitt, assisted by Mr. Robert Sharpe, gave another concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms, last evening, to a fashionable audience. Paer's overture to "Agnes," arranged as a duo-concertante for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the performance. A solo on the harp, "My lodging is on the cold ground," with variations, followed . . . The result was all encore, and Mr. Brooks, after a brilliant prelude, gave the air "Oh, Nanny, wilt thou gang wi' me," introducing Bochsa's Military March, with the band at a distance. De Beriot's sixth air with variations was the next in succession, and afforded Herr Carl Schmitt an opportunity of displaying his fine instrumentation. He too obtained an encore, and gave "Home, sweet home" with variations, one of these being played in harmonics on the fourth string. Bochsa's "Noturno," arranged as a duo for the harp and violin, followed, and with beautiful expression did the artists render this fine composition of the great maestro . . .

The second part opened with a duo dor the violin and pianoforte, selected from the works of La Barre and De Beriott. Mr. Brooks then gave on the harp Moore's melody "My heart and lute" with variations; this was loudly encored and answering the call he gave a medley of Irish airs, commencing with "The Legacy." And now came an exquisite composition, namely, Casorti's "Concert pour le Violon." It is classical music conceived in the highest style of art, and Herr Schmitt's rendering gave full expression to the composer's fine ideas, and it was a matter of no surprise that the artist was encored. He then gave the hacknied "Carnival de Venise," Mozart's "Non Piu Andrai," arranged as a duett for the harp and pianoforte concluded the concert. The accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte were as on the former occasion, played with very considerable taste and skill. It is with pleasure we announce that Mr. Brooks and Herr Schmitt will give another concert on Thursday evening.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 March 1860), 4 

We omitted to mention in our last that Herr Schmitt and Mr. Brook's last concert took place on the evening of the Regatta Day, and that a select company was highly entertained by it . . .

Melbourne, VIC (April to June 1860):

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (10 April 1860), 5 

Mr. Brooks, a harpist, whose performances at Hobart Town are very highly spoken of by the local press intends, we believe, giving a concert at St. Kilda, some day during the present week. Mr. Brooks has done well to take up his residence in this delightful suburb, and we trust he will meet with adequate support from those among whom he has cast his lot.

[News], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (12 April 1860), 4 

The usual weekly meeting of the St. Kilda Municipal Council was held, yesterday evening, in the Town Hall; Mr. Benjamin Cowderoy presiding. The correspondence read was not of much general interest, two of the letters being applications from a Mr. Thomas Brooks, and the secretary to the Mechanics' Institute, for the use of the hall for a concert on Monday, and a lecture on Tuesday, both requests being acceded to, the former on payment of £2 for expenses.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (17 April 1860), 4 

Last evening Mr. T. H. Brooks, a pupil of Bochsa, gave a musical entertainment at St. Kilda, which was numerously and fashionably attended. Of Mr. Brook's efforts it is impossible to speak too highly. He was assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton and Mr. G. R. G. Pringle.

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); George R. G. Pringle (pianist); Nicholas Charles Bochsa (teacher)

[News], The Argus (23 May 1860), 5

Mr. T. H. Brooks' concert at Hockin's Hotel last night, was much more thinly attended, owing to the inclemency of the weather, than it otherwise would have been. His Excellency was present, and the attendance generally was as numerous as could have been expected. The programme was well selected in most respects, and embraced a couple of septetts, one that of Mozart in C, and the other from Romberg, of which, however, portions only were performed by a party of gentlemen amateurs. Mrs. Hancock and Miss Bailey were the lady vocalists, and gave several airs, much to the satisfaction of the audience. Miss Bailey is a young lady, who, it will be remembered, lately made a promising debut at the Philharmonic Society's concert. She sang very well last evening, but it was unnecessary and injudicious on the part of a section of the audience to compel her to accept two encores. Mr. Brooks performed some variations on Moore's Melodies, a duet for harp and piano (presided over by Herr Elsasser), and, with Mrs. Hancock, Glover's favourite composition, "The blind girl to her harp." He was highly successful in every attempt. Herr Elsasser performed a rondo on the pianoforte, which, pleasing enough in itself, would have been hoard to more advantage had he possessed a better instrument. Mr. W. H. Williams sang one or two tenor airs, not without taste, but he has not the power and quality of voice which is required for a concert room. In one duet Mr. T. H. Davis took part. Mr. Moxon, who possesses a bass voice of fair quality, sang "The Wanderer." The concert, though prolonged till too late an hour, appeared to give general satisfaction.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS'S CONCERT", The Age (23 May 1860), 5 

. . . Mr. Brooks's harp playing was characterised by the utmost brilliance and delicacy, and he made a most favorable impression on the audience. He was encored in every instance. Herr Elsasser, who presided at the pianoforte throughout, performed with Mr. Brooks in the "Non piu Andrai," and deservedly shared the applause which followed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Barkly (governor); Amelia Bailey (vocalist); Charles Elsasser (pianist); William Henry Williams (vocalist); Septimus Moxon (vocalist); Thomas Holme Davis (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Age (30 May 1860), 1 

MR. T. H. BROOKS, HARPIST, begs to announce, that in compliance with the request of several gentlemen, he will give a FAREWELL CONCERT At Hockin's Rooms, on MONDAY, 4th JUNE . . .

[News], The Argus (5 June 1860), 4 

Whether or no the adage, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country, be true, this is certain - that Mr. S. H. Brooks [sic], harpist, may return to Wales [sic] with his blushing honours thick upon him, and with almost safely defy competition. His farewell concert last night, although not numerously, was appreciatively attended, and not a note fell from his willing and masterly fingers which did not stir his hearers into enthusiasm. Mr. Brooks evidently has a perfect command over that ordinarily most unsatisfactory instrument, the harp. He draws from it a long flowing melody, anon loud, impressive, and soul-stirring, and again melting, almost imperceptibly, into distance - softened, yet exquisitely distinct - in fact, an orchestra's music rendered, and beautifully rendered, as a solo. Without criticizing the evening's programme, we wish hearty success to Mr. Brooks, and may he be as well supported in the "old countree" as he was last night by his coadjutors at Hockin's.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (5 June 1860), 4-5 

Mr. T. H. Brooks, who is about to join his family in New Zealand, yesterday evening gave a farewell concert at Hockin's Hotel. Considering the excellence of the entertainment, the audience may well be designated scanty. The chief features of the concert were Mr. [5] Brooks's admirable harp playing, which in every instance received enthusiastic applause and encore; and passages from the Third and Ninth symphonies of Haydn written for Salomon's concerts. These were very nicely interpreted by an instrumental quartett, accompanied on the pianoforte by Herr Elsasser. The Duo da camera by this gentleman and the harpist was deserving of much praise, as also the vocalisation of Miss Mortley, the only lady singer of the evening. Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. T. H. Davis, and others, contributed towards an agreeable entertainment, which we were sorry to see was not more extensively patronised.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Mortley (vocalist)

Sydney, NSW (from July 1860):

[News], Empire (17 July 1860), 4 

. . . This evening Mr. Brooks, a harpist of some celebrity, and, we believe, one of the twelve harpists who formerly played at Jullien's promenade concerts at Covent Garden, will give his first concert in Sydney at the Exchange. He is said to be a worthy disciple of Bochsa, Godefroid, Parish Alvars, and the Cymrian Ellis Roberts, the finest modern executants on that ancient instrument. Mr. Brooks will be assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton, who makes her debut as a concert singer, the Misses Howson, Mr. Pierce (the concertina and rock harmonicon player), and others, and the veteran musician. Charles Packer will have the direction of the concert . . .

ASSOCIATIONS (Europe): Louis Jullien (conductor); Elias Parish Alvars (English harpist); Ellis Roberts (Welsh harpist, d. 1873); Félix Godefroid

[Advertisement], Empire (17 July 1860), 1 

Under the immediate patronage, of his Excellency the Governor-General, Sir W. DENISON, K.C.B.,
Trio - "The Magic Wove Scarf" - (Mountain Sylph) - Barnett - The Misses EMMA and CLELIA HOWSON, and Mr. F. HOWSON.
Canzonet - "Truth in absence" - Harper - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON.
Grand variations, Harp - "Irish Melody" - Brooks - Mr. T. H. BROOKS.
Ballad - "Our Hearts are not our Own" (Satanella) - Balfe - Miss CLELIA HOWSON.
Ballad - "Ever of Thee" - Foley Hall - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON.
Solo, Concertina - Mr. PIERCE - Airs from Norma.
Duet - "O'er the Hill and o'er the Dale" - Glover - The Misses EMMA and CLELIA HOWSON.
An intermission of 10 minutes.
Song - "The Blind Girl to her Harp" - Glover - Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON, Harp obligato, Mr. BROOKS.
Buffo song - "Largo al factotum" - (Il Barbiere) - Rossini - Signor E. GROSSI.
Grand Polonaise and March, Harp - Brooks - Mr. T. H. BROOKS.
Cavatina - "Come into the Garden Maud" - Balfe - Miss EMMA HOWSON.
Song - "The Blind Man" - Kucken - Mr. F. HOWSON.
Grand Duo, Harp and Pianoforte - Steil - Messrs. BROOKS and MARMADUKE WILSON.
Mr. PACKER will preside at the Pianoforte.
To commence at 8 o'clock punctually.
Tickets, 5s. each, to be had at the Music and Book-sellers.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Dennison (governor); Emma and Clelia Howson (vocalists); Frank Howson (vocalist); John Ottis Pierce (musician); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Marmaduke Henry Wilson (pianist); Charles Sandys Packer (pianist, accompanist)

"MR. BROOKS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1860), 5 

Yesterday evening, the concert of Mr. T. H. Brooks the celebrated harpist came off in the Hall of the Sydney Exchange, but was, we regret to say, only very thinly attended, the first item in the programme - one of great variety and judiciously chosen - was the trio of the "Magic Wove Scarf" (from the Mountain Sylph), sung by Mr. Frank Howson and his two talented daughters, Miss Emma and Miss Clelia Howson. Harpur's Canzonet "I'll think of thee," was then given with great effect by Miss Octavia Hamilton, who was in very good voice, and was very heartily applauded by the audience. Grand variations on the well-known Irish melody, "Believe me if all those endearing young charms" composed by Mr. T. H. Brooks, were then executed upon the harp by that gentleman in a manner which at once rendered it perfectly apparent to all present that he was a complete master of his instrument. His modulation is truly exquisite and his artistic execution of the numerous successive variations of the air were brilliant in extreme, and called forth a loud burst of well-deserved approbation. The applause was so long sustained that Mr. Brooks was compelled to resume his seat at the harp, when he delighted his hearers by the performance of variations on a fine air in which he took occasion to display, in a very remarkable manner, his great powers of modulations. The martial strain referred to first rose and fell swelled again into loud, heart-stirring and triumphant sounds, and then once more continued to become (almost imperceptibly) softer and softer, until at length the music died gradually away into absolute silence. After this exhibition of masterly skill, one of Balfe's ballads was very pleasingly rendered by Miss C. Howson, and then Miss Hamilton song Foley Hall's ballad, "Ever of thee," in such a manner that she was enthusiastically encored. The compliment was cheerfully acknowledged, but, instead of repeating the ballad, the lady gave, with great tenderness and artistic grace, the song "Why do I weep for thee," decidedly one of the richest gems produced in the course of the evening. Very high commendation is also due to Mr. J. O. Pierce's solo on the concertina - selections from Bellini the air "Hear me, Norma," for example, being a wonderful exhibition of taste and skill. Being loudly called upon Mr. Pierce again came forward and executed, with an almost magical ease and brilliancy, numerous variations upon one of Moore's Melodies. A Duet by Glover - "O'er the Hill and o'er the Dale," terminated the first part.

The song of the Blind Girl to her Harp, by Miss Octavia Hamilton, to an Harp obligato accompaniment by Mr. Brooks, was eminently successful, and the buffo song from Rossini's "II Barbiere," was sung with such spirit and expression by Signor E. Grossi, that he was under the rather fatiguing necessity of repeating it. A grand polonaise and march - the composition, we believe, of Mr. Brooks - was then played on the harp by that gentleman, who afterwards still further gratified everybody by his variations on a popular English air. A cavatina followed, sung by Miss Emma Howson, that lady's father afterwards obtaining loud applause for the manner in which he gave a fine, wild, melancholy song, the Blind Man, by Kucken. A grand duo, harp and pianoforte, by Messrs. Brooks and Wilson, terminated the concert, which, on every account, deserved to have been much more numerously attended. It is not, however, by any means improbable that the paucity of the numbers present may be accounted for by the fact of M. Coulon's Grand Concert coming off to-morrow evening, when the members of the late opera company are to appear, and when the musical public of Sydney will again have an opportunity of hearing the performance of an eminent artiste on the harp.

"CONCERT AT THE EXCHANGE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1860), 5 

Mons. Coulon's benefit concert last evening narrowly escaped being the complete success which the character of the entertainment would have justified. The hall was nearly filled, the reserved seats being entirely appropriated, and this in the face of unpropitious weather . . . In the course of the entertainment Mr. T. H. Brooks played on the harp a solo and (with Mr. M. Wilson on the piano) Steil's grand duo, in each case exhibiting precision and facility in fingering, combined with much taste in expression, so as to earn warm applause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emile Coulon (vocalist)

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", Empire (23 July 1860), 4 

. . . We have had three concerts since the termination of the opera season, and all in the present week. The first was given by Mr. Brooks, an eminent harpist, not unknown in England. As far as the entertainment was concerned, it was very successful, but the attendance was thin. Mr. Brooks is evidently deserving of all that has been said in his favour, and there was but one opinion as to his great talent . . .

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1860), 8 

The apprehensions which have for some time past been entertained, lest this old-established and popular Society would fall through for want of adequate support, and no longer afford these agreeable opportunities of social intercourse, were happily dissipated by the success that attended the first concert of the season, which came off last night at the Sydney Exchange - no previous concert of the Society ever having been attended by a larger, more respectable, or more interested audience . . . The concert commenced with God Save the Queen . . . followed by the overture to the opera of Lara, by Mr. Callen . . . A solo on the harp was then given by Mr. T. H. Brooks, who selected some of Moore's Irish Melodies, as airs upon which he brought out some striking variations, producing very novel effects; an encore was demanded and complied with . . . A grand duo (harp and pianoforte) from Mozart, by Mr. Brooks and Mr. Packer, was followed by a comic duet from "Don Pasquale, given by Miss Hamilton and M. Coulon, with great vivacity and appropriate action. His Excellency Sir W. Denison and several members of his family were present at the concert.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Douglas Callen (conductor, composer); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"Mr. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (18 August 1860), 3 

We have great pleasure in calling attention to the concert to be given on Monday evening next, at the Exchange Hall. We know of no gentleman in the profession more deserving of support than Mr. Brooks, who has on so many occasions voluntarily given his very valuable assistance at musical entertainments in our city. His world-renowned celebrity as a harpist ensures the gratification of all who may honor him with their company on Monday evening . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (20 August 1860), 1 

EXCHANGE HALL. Under the immediate patronage of the Committee of the Philharmonic Society.
Grand Quartette from Mose in Egitto - Rossini - MISSES HOWSON, MESSRS. FRANK HOWSON, GROSSI, and SCHLUTER.
Grand Scena - "Each nerve with fury." - Donnizetti - MR. F. HOWSON.
The celebrated shadow song from "Dinorah." - Meyerbeer - MISS EMMA HOWSON.
Fantasia, Harp, on favourite airs. - Brooks - MR. T. H. BROOKS.
German Song - HERR SCHLUTER.
Song - "Our Village Home." - E. Spagnoletti - MISS NINA SPAGNOLETTI.
Grand Duo - "Sur la tromba" - Puritani - Bellini - SIGNOR GROSSI and HERR SCHLUTER.
An interval of ten minutes.
Grand duet, Harp and Pianoforte - MR. T. H. BROOKS and MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON.
Irish Melody - "The Fairy Boy." - Lover - MISS CLELIA HOWSON.
Aria Buffo - Miei Rampoli - Rossini - SIGNOR GROSSI.
Grand Polonaise and March - Harp - MR. T. H. BROOKS.
Romanza - "Flower Angels" - Donizetti - MISS NINA SPAGNOLETTI.
Buffo duet - "Well, if I must speak," (Siege of Rochelle) - Balfe - MISS EMMA HOWSON and MR. FRANK HOWSON.
Grand Finale - "Rule Britannia" - Solos - MISSES HOWSON, MESSRS. FRANK HOWSON, GROSSI, SCHLUTER - Harp and Pianoforte accompaniment.
Tickets, 5s, each, to be had of all Music and Booksellers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nina Spagnoletti (vocalist); Adolph Schluter (vocalist)

"THE HARP CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1860), 4 

Mr. T. H. Brooks gave his second concert at the Exchange Hall, last evening. It was advertised to be under the patronage of the committee of the Philharmonic, but we fear the committee must have been a little inactive on this occasion, for, to a certain treat of instrumentalism, was added a programme of vocal music which might have attracted any lover of the song. We are sorry to say, though musically the concert was a complete success, that we fear Mr. Brooks will not reap much benefit from it, and it is much to be regretted that the performance of so very accomplished an artist should be so little appreciated. Time and space forbid us to do more than glance at the programme. The grand quartette from Rossini's "Moses in Egypt," was successfully rendered by the Misses Howson, Messrs. F. Howson, Grossi, and Schluter. Passing over Mr. F. Howson's song, "Each nerve with fury," by Donizetti, which he sung with more than usual energy, we come to the "Shadow song," from Meyerbeer's Dinorah. This exquisite gem was done full justice to by Miss Emma Howson, who must grow quickly, as her talents ripen, into public favour. Her soprano notes are perfectly beautiful; her contralto ones will still bear a little cultivation. As this is the only fault we can find in the whole of her performances, we may perhaps be forgiven for the criticism. The "Fairy Boy," a ballad, by Miss Clelia Howson, drew an enthusiastic encore, which called forth another ballad, taxing still more the powers of this young lady, and rendered more sweet by the winning and graceful simplicity which she exhibits. The performances or Herr Schluter and Signor Grossi deserve commendation. Now to come to the grand feature of the evening - the harp and the harpist. We remember to have heard the celebrated Bochsa, and we have heard no performer who could be compared to him, but Mr. Brooks, on this beautiful instrument. Bochsa had more fire, more genius perhaps than Brooks, but not more melody or sweetness and delicacy of touch. The whole of Mr. Brooks' brilliant performances, mostly on familiar themes, were rapturously applauded, and the encores demanded were good-humouredly complied with.

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5 

NOTWITHSTANDING the departure of the principal artists of the Italian troupe, the cause of music has not declined since our last summary, either with regard to the average number of musical entertainments, or to the general superiority of the music introduced to the public. The continued presence in Sydney of Miss Hamilton, M. Coulon, Signor Grossi, and Herr Schluter, as well as of the harpist, Mr. Brooks, has no doubt tended to afford a variety to the selections in the arrangement of the programmes . . . At the concert given on Monday night, by Mr. Brook, that gentleman was assisted by the Howson family (Mr. F. and the two pleasing young vocalists, his daughters), Miss Spagnoletti and brother, Messrs. Grossi, Schluter, M. Wilson, and C. Packer. The programme contained the usual number of operatic songs and ballads, with the two pieces de resistance - the quintette from Mose "Dal tuo," and "Rule Britannia!" Decided novelties. As alto relievos may be mentioned, Miss Emma Howson's song from Meyerbeer's "Dinorah," and "The Fairy Boy," by Miss. C. Howson, Herr Schluter's German song, the duet by Messrs. Wilson and Brooks, and the polonaise on the harp by Mr. Brooks. The encores were numerous, but want of space compels us to defer particulars . . .

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (25 August 1860), 8 

MR. BROOKS'S concert at the Exchange, on Monday evening last, was a reproach to the musical public of this city. It need hardly be stated here that Mr. Brooks is a harpist and musician of more than ordinary abilities, who has appeared on various occasions, and his fine playing has always elicited the admiration of auditors, but his second concert was even worse attended than the first. Some fatality appears also to follow the patronage of the Philharmonic Society, for the committee seem to think their names sufficient to secure a respectable attendance without, on their part, contributing to the number. Not more than one hundred persons were drawn together. The programme opened with Rossini's celebrated quartette, "Dal tuo," from Mose in Egitto, which was not surpassed by any vocal effort of the evening. This fine specimen from the scriptural opera was given by the Misses Howson, and Messrs. F. Howson, Grossi, and Schluter. The "Shadow song," from Meyerbeer's new opera of Dinorah, sang by Miss Emma Howson, is a beautiful morceau, easily recognisable as from the pen of the author of Le Prophete. The performance by Mr. Brooks of favourite airs on that instrument which produces the most delicious of all musical sounds - the harp - was exquisitely soft and beautiful, while the polonaise and march in the second part brought out the grandeur and fire, which the harp is capable of imparting to that kind of music. It is indeed to be regretted that this noble instrument is not more generally taught in this colony, as an accompaniment to the voice it is superior to every other kind of instrumentation. An aria buffo from Cenerentola by Signor Grossi, was very well sung, and also the romanza, "Flower Angels," by Miss Nina Spagnoletti, who possesses a very sweet voice, and, for one so young, evinces judgments and care in not attempting passages beyond her powers - a modesty which will have the effect of increasing the force and ensuring the stability of the voice. The concert terminated with "Rule Britannia," by the entire corps musicale, accompanied by the harp and pianoforte.

[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1860), 1 

THE HARP. MR. T. H. BROOKS is prepared to give instructions on the Harp. Address, 16, Jamison-street.

"MUSICAL NOTES OF THE WEEK", Empire (28 August 1860), 5 

MR. T. H. BROOKS, the harpist, gave his second concert on Monday evening, at the Exchange. Despite the general excellence of the entertainment offered, and the patronage of the Philharmonic Society, at whose last concert Mr. Brooks performed, the room was very meagrely visited . . . Mr. Brooks's harp variations on "My Heart and Lute," were in excellent taste; he was encored, and gave a French march, the band dying away and the tones dissolving in the distance, till the finest pianissimo melted in the distant air. As Bochsa, one of the matadors on this instrument, was not heard here, we may safely say that Mr. Brooks is the best performer heard in Australia, and without instituting any comparison with Parish Alvars, Ellis Roberts, Godefroed [sic], Rosalie Sphor [sic], or others, whose names are famous, it will not be denied that he would be considered a very admirable executant anywhere . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosalie Spohr (1829-1918, later countess Sauerma, niece of Louis Spohr)

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (29 August 1860), 5

SIR. - I should be glad to have an opportunity of hearing Mr. Brooks on the harp, but could not well afford 5s. If his charges at the last concert had been 5s. and 2s. 6d., it would have paid much better than it did. This has been the fault of many concerts lately, the price being too high for the times.
Yours truly, K.
Sydney, 28th August, 1860.

[News], Empire (24 September 1860), 4

Mr. T. H. BROOKS, WE are happy in being enabled to say, is now making preparations to afford our citizens another musical treat. Although Mr. Brooks has long maintained a distinguished career on both sides of the Atlantic, still, coming amongst us a perfect stranger, it, of course, will take time for him to be known here, and appreciated as he ought; but this much we are sure of, that all who hear the delightful strains he is enabled to produce upon the harp, will have ample reason to be highly gratified with the performance. We may here mention that Mr. Brooks' earlier career was remarkable. After the war in 1815, he played before the allied Sovereigns, at Guildhall; before Napoleon, at St. Helena; also, formerly, before the Duke of Wellington, at Strathfieldsaye; and before George the Fourth, at Carlton House, in the year 1820.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1861), 1 

On the 16th instant, at St. Phillip's Church, by special license, by the Rev. the Dean Cowper, Mr. Thomas Brooks, late of the Isle of Wight, to Rachel Martha, widow of the late J. A. Dodd, of Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1861), 1 

MASONIC HALL . . . THIS EVENING, at Miss Julia Simmons' Concert.
PROGRAMME: PART I. Overture - "Zampa," (Herold) - Band 12th Regiment
Cavatine - Se m'abbondoni (Mercadante) - Madam Sara Flower
Solo, harp - Irish airs, varied, (T. H. Brooks) - Mr. T. H. Brooks . . .
PART II . . . Solo, harp - "Polonaise" (T. H. Brooks) - Mr. T. H. Brooks . . .
Conductor - Mr. Douglas Callen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Simmons (vocalist); Sara Flower (vocalist); Band of the 12th Regiment (military band)

"MISS SIMMONS' CONCERT AT THE MASONIC HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 August 1861), 5 

Yesterday evening, Miss Julia Simmons' concert came off at the Masonic Hall, under the patronage of the Officers of her Majesty's XI Regiment, with much eclat. There was a numerous and highly respectable audience in attendance . . . Mr. F Ellard, Mr. T. H Brooks, and Master A. Anderson assisted on the occasion, the conductor being Mr. G. D. Callen . . . A solo on the harp, Irish airs varied, was beautifully played by Mr. T. H. Brooks, and honoured by an imperative encore . . . Mr. Brooks once more played a solo on the harp - the Polonaise . . .


[Installation of Provincial grand master of NSW] . . . In the evening the event was celebrated by a grand dinner in the new hall . . . [after the toasts] . . .
Air, on the harp, by Brother Brooks, "O, believe me, if all those endearing young charms" . . .
Set of Irish quadrilles on the harp, by Brother Brooks . . .
Air on the harp by Brother Brooks . . .

"DR. McGREGOR'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1861), 4

This evening, at the request of a number of influential residents, Dr. J. McGregor gives, at the Exchange Hall, an entertainment consisting of literary reminiscences, intermingled with a great variety of vocal illustrations of Irish melodies, to the accompaniment of Mr. T. Brooks on the harp, and Mr. W. J. Cordner on the pianoforte. The performance is to commence at eight o'clock. All the arrangements of the hall are, we believe, to be under the direction of Mr. C. V. Howard, whose experience in these matters is such as will doubtless tend to ensure the comfort of the audience.

ASSOCIATIONS: John McGregor (vocalist); William John Cordner (pianist); Charles V. Mason alias Howard (manager)

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (1 March 1862), 6 

MASONIC HALL, TUESDAY, the 11th Instant.
Under the Patronage of His Excellency Sir John and Lady Young, who have kindly consented to be present at the Concert,
accompanied by Lord John and Lady Taylour, Colonel and Mrs. Kempt, &c., &c.
BR. BROOKS will on this occasion be assisted by the Brethren of the Masonic Body.
Mr. BROOKS will play some of the most favorite of Moore's Melodies, which were so rapturously applauded at Dr. McGregor's Lecture on Irish Music.
Tickets can be obtained at the Freemasons' Hall; Mr. Brooks', 120, Philip-street; Mr. Alderman Caraher, Gloucester street; Mr. D. Kearney, Mr. Moffat, and Mr. Andrew Allan, Pitt-street; Mr. Robinson, Mr. Reddy, and Mr. Hourigan, William-street; Mr. Hurley, Mr. Aldis, and Mr. Poehlman, George-street; Mr. A. Cubitt, Bridge-street; and of Mr. Simpson, Agent for Mr. Brooks, 120, Elizabeth-street, near Wentworth Place.

ASSOCIATIONS: John and Annabella Young (governor and wife);

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1862), 1 

CONCERT. - Mr. T. H. BROOKS', the celebrated harpist,
Grand CONCERT, at the Freemasons' Hall, on TUESDAY, the 11th instant . . .
The following ladies and gentlemen will appear: -
Miss Brady, Miss E. Brady, Mrs. Cordner; Mr. Brooks, Mr. Cordner, and a gentleman amateur.
Mr. Richardson, the celebrated flutist, has in the handsomest manner volunteered his services, and will play several choice pieces.
German Song - Smile and I'll sing to thee - Carl Krebs - Miss M. Brady.
Solo, harp - Irish melody - T. Brooks - Mr. T. Brooks.
Ballad - Gentle Troubadour - W. F. Wallace - Miss Nina Spagnoletti.
Irish Melody - The harp that once (with harp accompaniment) - Mrs. Cordner.
German Song - The bird and maiden - Spohr - with flute obligato - Mr. Richardson.
Duet - The wind and harp - Glover - with harp accompaniment - The Misses Brady.
Part II.
Solo, Flute - Rodes' celebrated air - Mr. Richardson.
Ballad - I'm leaving thee in sorrow - G, Barker - with harp accompaniment - Gentleman amateur.
Solo, Harp - Sonate, Opera 47 - Cardon Fils - Mr. T. Brooks.
Ballad - When sorrow sleepeth - Ed. Land - Mrs. Cordner.
Cavatina - The blind girl to her harp - Glover - with harp accompaniment - Miss Nina Spagnoletti.
Harp and Piano - Duo da Camera - Steill - Messrs. T. Brooks and W. J. Cordner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary and Matilda Brady (vocalists); Ellen Cordner (vocalist); John James Malcott Richardson (flautist)

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1862), 4 

We take the opportunity of calling attention to a concert which is to be given by Mr. T. H. Brooks to-morrow evening at the Freemasons' Hall. Mr. Brooks is already favourably known to the public of Sydney by his performances on the harp at the Philharmonic concerts, and on other occasions; and the approval which his playing has uniformly elicited will be a sufficient recommendation to an extensive patronage on this occasion. Several professional vocalists and amateurs of acknowledged ability have promised their assistance, and there can be but little doubt that the services of these, together with Mr. Brooks' skilful performances, will render the concert one of a very superior character.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1862), 5

The harp has for many years gone out of vogue, its place being taken by the piano-forte, the cause of which has, no doubt, been that efficiency in playing upon the latter instrument can be acquired far more easily than that in playing on the former. The circumstance of the harp being now seldom heard has the effect of rendering such performances as those of last evening a grateful variation upon the staple of concerts, the music possessing, in addition to its other charms, those of novelty and freshness. The harp playing of Mr. Brooks displayed his thorough mastery over a most difficult instrument, and his power of producing all the varying effects required by the music. The wondrous variety of thrilling and of delicate tones which the skilful harpist produced at pleasure excited the regret that this elegant accomplishment, which was once so popular, should be now so entirely neglected, and also that Mr. Brooks' services should not be more frequently enlisted at the public concerts in Sydney. Mr. Brooks, besides accompanying several of the vocalists, gave two solo performances on the harp, both of which were rapturously encored. The first was the popular Irish melody Believe me if all those endearing young charms with variations, a very brilliant piece of playing. The encore exhibited the power of the harpist even more signally. It represented the march of a military band; the stirring effects produced by their gradual approach and retreat while playing, being most dexterously described by the crescendo and diminuendo movements. The other portions of the concert consisted chiefly of ballads, which were sung by Mrs. Cordner, the Misses Brady, Miss Nina Spagnoletti, and a gentleman amateur; the singing of each of whom was much admired, several of the pieces being encored. Mr. Richardson volunteered an admirable solo performance on the flute; and the concert closed with a beautiful duet-harp and piano - "Dua da Camera," the latter instrument being played by Mr. Cordner. The concert being in every respect a successful and thoroughly popular one, we have little doubt that a repetition of it will, before long, be demanded.

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", Empire (12 March 1862), 4 

Last evening Mr. Brooks, the celebrated harpist, gave a concert at the Masonic Hall, York-street, which was extremely well attended. The concert was under the patronage of Sir John Young and Lady Young, Lady Young and Lord and Lady Taylour honoured the concert with their attendance. The performances commenced by Miss Brady singing the exquisite German Song, by Karl Krebs, "Smile, and I'll sing to thee," with the utmost purity of tone and delicacy of intonation, although the slowness of the time in which it was sung deprived it of some portion of that freshness and crispness which would otherwise have been exhibited. Mr. Brooks' solo on the harp (a brilliant fantasia on the well-known Irish air "Believe me if all those endearing young charms,") was played with a brilliance of execution and perfection of finish, which caused it to be enthusiastically encored. The celebrated "French March" was however substituted. Miss Nina Spagnoletti sung very effectively the pretty ballad "Gentle Troubadour," and Mrs. Cordner accompanied by Mr. Brooke on the harp, the pathetic ballad "The harp that once through Tarra's halls." Miss Brady sang in a very pleasing manner the delightful song "The bird and maiden," accompanied by Mr. Richardson, who played a charming obligato on the flute. Glover's duett "The wind and harp" was sung by the Misses Brady, and deservedly encored. Mr. Richardson played in a style worthy his great namesake, an exquisite flute solo, which was well and deservedly applauded. The favourite ballad "I'm leaving thee in sorrow Annie" was sung by a gentleman amateur, in a manner far superior to that with which we are favoured by amateurs generally, his voice (a clear tenor) was good, and his notes distinct and correct, and not marred by any attempts at ad libitum flourishes; the song was deservedly encored. Mr. Brooks next played a harp solo; the chief merit of which lay in the difficulty of its execution. Mrs. Cordner sang "When sorrow sleepeth" in good taste, and Miss Nina Spagnoletti to beautiful Cavatina, "The Blind Girl to her Harp," Mr. Brooks playing an excellent accompaniment. The performance came to a close with a duett on the harp and pianoforte by Messrs. Brooks and Cordner, which was much applauded. Mr. Cordner presided with his usual ability at the pianoforte.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1862), 5 

Yesterday evening Signor Cesare Cutolo's long deferred concert in aid of the funds of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, took place at the Freemasons' Hall in York-street, - a large and fashionable audience being in attendance on the occasion . . . Mr. Brooks also, from time to time, performed on the harp, exhibiting all the mastery which he has over that beautiful instrument. He was rewarded with numerous encores, and loud and repeated manifestations of applause . . . The duet of "the Wind and the Harp" by S. Glover, merits a particular notice. It was very sweetly sung by the Misses Brady to the magic notes of the harp - Mr. Brooks playing the accompaniment . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (pianist)

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1862), 7

The three chief musical events since the last summary have been the concerts successively given by M. Boulanger, Mr. T. H. Brooks, and Signor Cutolo . . . The concert of Mr. Brooks, the well-known and highly accomplished harpist (which came off on the 11th instant) was another intellectual treat, and was honoured with a numerous attendance. The character of this entertainment fully merited all the patronage which was bestowed upon it, and the uniform admiration then expressed at both the instrumental and vocal performances. Although the harp has now, to some extent, gone out of vogue, it is impossible not to confess the full capabilities of that instrument when made to speak by the scientific hands of a master. That wondrous variety of thrilling and delicate tones evoked by Mr. Brooks, at this and at all other times, from his favourite instrument, has excited a general regret that so elegant an accomplishment, once deservedly popular, should now be capriciously neglected. On the 18th Signor Cutolo gave his concert at the Masonic Hall, in aid of the funds of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children . . . The concert was also rendered additionally pleasing by the professional assistance of Mr. Brooks, whose performances on the harp were repeatedly encored . . .

[Private advertisement], New South Wales Government Gazette (18 August 1871), 1829 

MUNICIPALITY OF NORTH WILLOUGHBY. THOMAS HENRY BROOKS, of Burns's Bay, Lane Cove River, was duly elected an Alderman in the above Municipality, in the room of Richard Harnett, disqualified. H. H. BLIGH, Returning Officer. August 15th, 1871.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1883), 1 

BROOKES. - May 27, at his residence, Carisbrook, Burns Bay, Thomas Brookes, aged 86 years. He formerly resided in the Isle of Wight, England, and for many years was in H.M. Customs, Sydney. Regretted and respected by all who knew him for his integrity, and for his amiable and generous nature. Home and American papers please copy.

"Missing Friends", New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (29 June 1904), 269 

Thomas Brooks, Thomas H. Brooks, Prank J. Brooks, and Charles Phillip Brooks, who left London, England, for Australia, many years ago, and are said to have settled at Sydney or Melbourne. Inquiry at instance of Mrs. E. C. Ridout, of Spring Valley, Rockland, Co. New York, U.S.A.

ASSOCIATIONS: Brook's daughter, Eliza Charlotte Brooks (1836-1926), Mrs. Augustus C. Ridout

Bibliography and resources:

Rosemary Margaret Hallo, Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents (Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide, 2014), 12, 135, 142, 160, 163-67 (DIGITISED)

[135] . . . Brooks, like Bochsa, was an exponent of the Erard harp, and had purchased two harps (serial numbers 2822 and 3730) in London, prior to his Australian arrival. Either one or both these harps may have accompanied him on the journey and thus would have been the instrument he used for instructional purposes . . . In London, Brooks had studied with Chatterton . . .

[163] . . . Brooks performed on his own Erard double action harp, one of a number he had purchased in London. His first Erard (serial number 2822), was the instrument he used to complete his studies at the Royal Academy of Music in London (vol. 2, 141). His next harp purchase in 1849 was the new model Erard Gothic harp (serial number 5948), which he had subsequently sold the following year to a Mrs. Mortimer in Brighton, England (vol. 3, 174). Brooks may have preferred playing the smaller Grecian double action harp, as his next purchase, prior to departing London, was another Grecian harp (serial number 3730) as noted on the Harp Stock Books (vol. 2, 245). The smaller size of the Grecian would have made it more suited to his increasing travels as a performer, in that it would have been easier to manoeuvre transport between venues, hotels, and the various modes of travel that were encountered when touring.

BUT NOTE: Correctly, Brooks did not advertise that he was a pupil of Chatterton (Hallo 135, 142), who was anyway 5 years younger than him; there is likewise no evidence that he studied at the Royal Academy of Music (Hallo, 163), he again anyway being too old for its initial intake, and his name appears in no known accounts; morover, all three harps Hallo associates with Brooks were in fact for other buyers of the same surname: no. 2822 (13 December 1819), for Arthur Brooke Esq., of Crown Street, Bury St Edmunds, on 25 April 1820 (see in Erard London ledger 2); no. 3730 (July 1825), for John Edward Brooks, of Headingley (see in Erard London ledger 2); and no. 5948 (August 1849), for Mrs. Col. Brookes, of Pelham Villa, Leamington, sold 28 October 1850 (see in Erard London ledger 3; see also facsimile images of the original accounts at Hallo, 205)


Actor, manager

Active Australia, 1850s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BROWER, Thomas P. (Thomas P. BROWER; T. P. BROWER)

Muscian, vocalist, violinist (Rainer's Minstrels; Rainer's Serenaders)

Born USA, c. 1830
Arrived Sydney, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, December 1860
Died Philadelphia, USA, 15 March 1867, aged 37 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"RAINER'S SERENADERS", Daily Alta California (25 July 1852)

"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

"THE LAST APPEARANCE OF THE SERENADERS", The Courier (21 April 1853), 3


"Negro Minstrelsy . . . DIED", New York Clipper, (23 March 1867), 7

In Philadelphia, on Friday, 15th inst., Thomas P. Brower, in the 39th year of his age. It was but a year or so ago that Mr. Brower returned to his native city, after an absence of many years in nearly every quarter of the globe, and where, we believe, he performed with various minstrel troupes. He was a brother of the well known Frank Brower, from whose residence, No. 1, 122 Master street Philadelphia, the funeral was to have taken place on the 18th inst.


The subject of onr sketch was born in March 1837. He has visited, professionally, almost every part of the globe. Left New York in '53, when only sixteen years of age, for Melbourne, Australia, where he arrived after a voyage of one hundred and five days. After visiting the principal gold mines, and performing with success at each, in 1856 he joined the party consisting of Tom Brower (Frank's brother, since dead), Otto Burbank (now with George Christy), W. A. Porter, G. W. Demerest, D. F. Boley, J. O. Pierce, and a number of others. The company was styled the San Francisco Minstrels, under which appellation they performed throughout New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Van Dieman's Land and New Zealand . . . .

. . . Carson and Brower organized a company for India, which left Australia in August, 61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta . . . The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the San Francisco Minstrels, and there is not the slightest doubt that owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostaneee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, '66, the boys dislolved partnership, owing to the desire to sea their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral - Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen . . .

Related prints:

Old folks at home (as sung by T. Brower of Rainer's Minstrels, as arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: For the author by H. Marsh. [185?]) 

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 71 

Thomas P. Brower, a brother of Frank Brower, one of the organizers of the first minstrel show, and himself a performer of ability, died in Philadelphia, March 15, 1867; age 37 years.


John Cragin Rainer


Violin player (? band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830


"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds., Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause.


? Band of the 63rd Regiment


Musician, orchestra leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (22 October 1853), 2

. . . We do not mean to censure; but if our suggestion is worth having, Mr. Brown would add a great desideratum to the amphitheatre by giving us more musical variety . . .

"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (19 November 1853), 6

We would again suggest to Mr. Brown the necessity of an improvement in the music, and a greater variety. The music, on Tuesday night, during Cardoza's performance, was wretched. If Mr. Brown wishes to maintain his character as a musician, there must be a decided   change in the orchestra.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (3 December 1853), 6

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE - York-street - Open every evening with Dramatic and Equestrian Entertainments. Change of programme nightly. Daring feats in the Arena, comprising Scenic Acts ef Horsemanship, CLASSICAL DRAWING-ROOM ENTERTAINMENTS, Pantomimes, Ballets, &c., &c. Jester to the Arena, Mr. Palmer. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Brown. JOHN MALCOM, Proprietor.



Violin and guitar maker and repairer, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1857 (? arrived per La Hogue)

BROWN, J. (? John BROWN)

Violin maker

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1880

BROWN, Walter James (junior; W. J. BROWN)

Musician, violin maker and repairer, musical instrument repairer, double bass player

Born London, England, c. 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 6 February 1857 (per Walter Hood, from London)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1899, aged 77 ("a colonist over 40 years") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 4

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London, - at D. Buist's, Bridge-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 8

[Advertisement]: "LA HOGUE POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1857), 2

LA HOGUE POLKA, composed by A. BROWN, dedicated to Captain Neatby and Officers of the ship, to be published on SATURDAY next Price 2s 6d. W. J. JOHNSON and CO, 57, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1857), 10

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1858), 1

VIOLINS. W. J. BROWN, Jun., violin maker and musical instrument repairer, No. 149, Pitt-street North, late of Bishopagate, London.

[4 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1858), 10 

W. J. BROWN, Musical Instrument Manufacturer and Repairer, 149. Pitt-street North.

VIOLINS, VIOLINS, from 15s. to £50, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149. Pitt-st North. Flutinas repaired.

MUSIC. MUSIC - Quadrilles, Songs, &c, at half-price, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North.

CORNOPEAN CLASS in formation, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North. Terms, 30s. per quarter, in advance.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1859), 7

SURRENDER. Walter James Brown, of Park-street, Sydney, musical instrument maker. Liabilities, £53 5s 3d.; assets - value of personal property, £7. Deficit £46 5s. Mr. Perry, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1876), 12

W. J. BROWN, From Brown and Son, London, VIOLIN MAKER and REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street east, Melbourne. N.B.-All kinds of musical instruments repaired. For antecedents of Brown and Son, London, see Sandy's and Forster's, "History of Violin.

"VICTORIA. XI. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (23 December 1880), 58s

. . . J. Brown, of 57 Lygon street, exhibits a case of his "Carltonia" violins. It is doubtful if this early naming of violins is the surest way to make a fame for them. It is the verdict of posterity which stamps upon any particular kind an unquestionable value. Mr. Brown's exhibits consist of three violins, with the date of manufacture attached to each. They are of good form, but being under lock and key the "varnishing" and other points in connexion with the make are not open to minute description. The next case is very interesting, and in some sense illustrates what we have just said about the verdict of posterity. It is the exhibit of W. J. Brown, dealer and repairer, 50 Little Collins-street east, and it contains violins as follows namely, Gaspard di Salo, A.D. 1597; Paolo Maggini, A.D. 1600; another by the same maker, A.D. 1624; Nicholas Amati, A.D. 1671; Ruggierius, A.D. 1680; Joseph Guarnerius, A.D. 1699; and Guadagnini, A.D. 1724; and there is also in the same case a little "Kit".


[Advertisement], Jewish Herald (1 July 1881), 5 

Awarded first Order of Merit. W. J. BROWN, (From Brown and Son, London), VIOLIN MAKER & REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street East, Melbourne. Violin bows haired and repaired. Country favours promptly executed. All kinds of Musical Instruments Repaired.

[Advertisement], The Age (6 July 1889), 12 

VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, first prize medalist for skilful Repairing, 227 Little Collins-street cast. VIOLIN, where shall I take it to be repaired! To Brown, 227 Little Collins-street east. VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, maker and repairer, established, London 1770, Melbourne 1872. 227 Little Collins-street.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 June 1899), 5

BROWN. - On the 16th June, Walter James Brown (after a short illness), Alma-road, St. Kilda, aged 77. A colonist over 40 years. English papers please copy.

Bibliography and resources:

William Sandys and Simon Andrew Forster, The history of the violin and other instruments played on with the bow . . . (London: William Reeves, 1864), 354-55

Associated with the name of Kennedy, as fiddle-makers, are James Brown, the elder and younger, both of whom, in early life, were silk-weavers, particularly the father, and lived in the locality of Shoreditch. About 1804 an intimacy arose with the Kennedy family, whereby James Brown the elder acquired some knowledge of fiddle-making; and, being made more perfect in the use of the tools by Thomas Kennedy, he at length became a repairer and maker of instruments for future support. About 1830 he slipped down the stairs of his dwelling-house, in Wheeler Street, Spitalfields, and broke one of the ankles; the fracture being most severe, the relatives were advised to take him to the hospital. Within a week of the accident, mortification set in, and he died at the age of seventy-five years, in September 1830 or 1834; the son does not remember the date accurately, but he thinks the former year; and he says they (father and son) resided in Wheeler Street for forty-six years, but not always in the same house. James Brown, the younger, was born November 1786, and learned to make fiddles of his father; but, to assist in other branches of the trade, he was mostly employed in making the various bows for the instruments. Since the death of his father, the greater attention has been given to the manufacture of violins, violoncellos, and double basses. This person died in 1860 at his residence in White Lion Street, Norton Folgate, in his seventy-fourth year. The father and son were good average workmen, but no marked style of finish. A son of this last person learned to make instruments of his father; but, when about twenty years of age, he quitted the business to play the contra-basso at theatres; and it is believed he now has some professional engagement in Australia, as success did not attend his exertions at "the Diggins."

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 243 

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 247 

BROWN, Frances Helen (Mrs. BROWN) = Frances Helen HADSLEY

Musician, music teacher, teacher

Active Windsor, NSW, 1842-43


Pianist, musician

Born ? Alsace
Died Araluen, NSW, 25 April 1864


"FATAL ACCIDENT AT ARALUEN", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (30 April 1864), 4 

Intelligence has reached town to the effect that Mr. F. Brown, pianist, who has for some years been a resident of the district, and spent a considerable portion of that time at Little River, died on Monday from the effects of a fall from a horse on Sunday last. Deceased will best be remembered in his public capacity as having travelled with Messrs. Oakey and Foans in their rounds of entertainments at Gininderra, Queanbeyan, Cooma, Gundaroo, Goulburn, and other places in the southern districts, and if we remember rightly, he was a native of Alsace. He has latterly been residing at Mr. W. H. Johnston's, Araluen, and was to have formed one of the corps musicale at the Odd-fellows' dinner and ball at the Doncaster to-morrow evening. The particulars of the accident are as follows: -

It appears that the deceased was about to proceed to Braidwood on horseback to procure the services of an accoucher for a female expected to be confined, and had just mounted for that purpose when the animal gave a buck and threw Mr. Brown, who was rather a heavy man, violently upon the ground on his right shoulder, his head coming into contact with the ground. He was for some time insensible, but was taken into the house and recovered, and on being asked by Mr. Johnston if he was seriously hurt, answered, "O no! I shall be right directly." Mr. Martin, the violinist, mounted the same horse and performed the errand, never doubting but he should find his friend all right when he returned. The injuries received, however, proved of a fatal nature. The deceased lived until Monday morning when all was over. Mr. Commissioner Griffin, accompanied by Mr. Clemenger, proceeded to Araluen yesterday to prosecute a magisterial enquiry. - Braidwood Dispatch.

BROWN, Mr. J. (James BROWNE)

Violinist, vocalist, composer

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1850-57


[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

Polka - Composed by J. Brown.

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

A miscellaneous concert, composed of sentimental and [REDACTED] songs, took place at Mr. Minehan's music room, on Monday, night week. Several of the sentimental songs were very creditably gone through, and the solos on the violin, by Mr. Brown, were exquisitely performed . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (28 November 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. James Browne upon the violin, aided by a French gentleman as second, performed several pieces in good taste, and Mr. Colquhoun's flute trilled forth its dulcet notes in several solos to the great delight of the audience, and was deservedly encored . . .


Double-bass player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859-66


Brown played double-bass in Lavenu's orchestra for the Sydney University Musical Festival in 1859, and in George Loder and Charles Eigenschenck's orchestra for Lyster's Opera at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, in 1865.


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

. . . CONTBABASSI. Mr. Chapman, from Melbourne; Mr. J. Brown; Mr. A. H. Chato; And a gentleman amateur, member of the Philharmonic Society . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (17 April 1865), 1

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (16 April 1866), 16 

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .

BROWN, Jim (Jim BROWN; "Jem BROWN"; alias of George KING)

Musician, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1843


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1845), 3

"ASSAULT IN THE CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1848), 3

"POLICE OFFICE SKETCHES . . . BRACE-IN THE DRUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 November 1848), 2 

"STEALING IN A DWELLING", The Maitland Mercury (26 September 1849), 3

"NEW YEAR'S DAY RIOTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1850), 2

A coloured man, well known in the city under the name of Jim Brown, following ostensibly the profession of musician at various low public-houses in the city, was yesterday committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, for acting as a leader in the riotous mobs which disturbed the peace of the city on New Year's night - Herald, Jan. 30.

"KNOCKING AT THE DOOR", Bell's Life In Sydney (2 February 1850), 1s

"TURTLE, TORTISE, OR TURPIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 2


Minstrel serenader

Born Buffalo, NY, USA, 2 January 1830
Active Australia, 1863
Died Glasgow, Scotland, 25 October 1883


"DEATHS IN THE PROFESSION", New York Clipper (15 December 1883), 8 


Marine, drummer

Active Sullivan Bay, Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803
Active Derwent, VDL (TAS), 1804-05


HRA 3/1, 107, 343



Active Beechworth, VIC, 1861


"BEECHWORTH POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 December 1861), 3

A musical barber. - John Brown of Ford street, summoned Montague Murray for the sum of £1, for services rendered as a musician at the Star Theatre on Saturday last. Complainant said the music put before him was wrongly written, and he could not play it. Had not been invited to "dry up," or "lie down." Had not played an Irish jig to the audience, and set them all dancing. Had not been told by the defendant that he (complainant) had injured defendant's reputation very much.

BROWN, John (? pseud.)

Songwriter, poet

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1862


"SQUATTER'S SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (26 July 1862), 3

BROWN, Mr. T. F.

Precentor, conductor of psalmody

Active Mortlake, VIC, 1859

Bibliography and resources:

J. E. Murdoch, Fifty Years of Presbyterianism in Mortlake, 1847-1897 (Mortlake: Printed at the Dispatch Office, 1917)

PRECENTORS. 1859, Mr. T. F. Brown; 1866, Mr. H. C. Johnstone, at a salary of £10 a year; 1869, Mr. J. G. Flanders; 1875, Mr. Maynard, at £4. 4s. a quarter (for two quarters). . .

BROWN, Thomas

Musicseller, bookseller, stationer

Active Geelong, VIC, 1854


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (2 February 1854), 8 

BROWN, William

Itinerant musician

Died Binnalong, NSW, July 1858


"BINNALONG", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (24 July 1858), 3 

An itinerating pedlar and musician, named Wm. Brown, has died recently, from disease of the heart, after returning home from a wedding.

BROWN, Walter James see above Walter James BROWN

BROWNE, Francis Edward Douglas

? Music copyist, surveyor, penman, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1825 (convict per Medway, from the Downs, 22 August 1825)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 34


Browne advertised that either he or his staff would copy music.


[Advertisement], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (18 February 1834), 1 

. . . Music copied with neatness and accuracy.

BROWNE, Thomas

Music printer and publisher

Born London, 10 March 1816
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), c.1835-44, Hobart from 1844
Died Hobart, TAS, 23 December 1870, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also entry in sheet music checklist: 


In October 1845 the Hobart Courier noted that Browne, a general printer, had already "published one or two pieces of approved music", neither of which have been identified. He went on to issue Joseph Reichenberg's Ancient Hebrew melodies in 1847; Francis Hartwell Henslowe's four Songs of Zion, Where is thy home and The Campbell-Town waltzes in 1849, and Julius Imberg's lost Tasmanian quadrilles in 1851.


"TASMANIAN PUBLICATIONS", The Courier (4 October 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (25 January 1851), 6

"MR. IMBERG'S QUADRILLES", Colonial Times (28 January 1851), 2

"DEATH", The Mercury (24 December 1870), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Thomas Browne" (1816-1870)", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Piano maker and repairer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 January 1853), 8

IMPORTANT TO PIANO-FORTE PLAYERS. MR. BROWNLOW, Piano Forte Maker and Restorer, from London, has just arrived in this Colony, for the purpose of restoring the tone, touch, and worn action of Instruments . . .

BRUCE, Donald


? Active Sydney, NSW, 1835 (but perhaps semi-fictitious)


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1835), 2

Donald Bruce, a dapper little fellow, from the land o' cakes, who occasionally amused His Majesty's subjects with a tune on the bagpipes, was brought forward on a charge of indulging rather freely in sundry potations of the real ferintosh, which Donald was determined should not be a secret in that part,- at least, of the King's dominions, called Kent-street, as he bawled out with stentorian lungs,

I've been drinking, I've been drinking
Real stingo, all day long,
And I'm coming, and I'm coming,
So now my boys let's have a song.

Donald was screwing up his pipes, and had just commenced an harmonious strain, addressing a maiden who had put her head out of the window to ascertain what was the matter, "saft, saft, is the twink o' thine ee lassee," when a watchman who had been disturbed from a nap by Donald's unseasonable melody, rudely seized him by the nape of the neck and gave him a shake, saying "this hour and a half I've been waiting for you, so lave off your blarney and hurry along, your music put up, and be aizy my honey, for to-morrow the Colonel" shall sing you a "song," and without farther ceremony dragged him into an unoccupied nook of No. 5, watch house. Donald being asked if he was drunk, scratched his head for a few seconds, and casting an enquiring glance at the Bench, says he "my lads" but recollecting that he was not now in the tap-room of the "Cat and Fiddle," your Worships I mean, I want a little information on that important subject; how many half pints may a man venture to take before he may be honestly called drunk, for I had only four all the evening? then half shutting one eye and cocking his ear for the answer. We find you drunk on your own confession, said their Worships, and fine you 5s. to be appropriated to the use of the poor.

At this he looked quite funny,
Says he, my charming honey,
I've lots of songs to various tunes,
But I an't got no money.

Let Donald have a place in the stocks, says their Worships, and he was dragged along, bagpipes and all, singing as he left the office.

BRUCE, Peter (Peter BRUCE; "Captain" BRUCE)

Musician, bagpiper, Highland dancer

Born Skye, Scotland, c.1817
Active Port Macquarie, NSW, by 1843
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855
Died near Benalla, VIC, 1 September 1889, aged "about 70" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

Mr. Peter Bruce will perform a grand Invocation of Scottish National Music, on the Scotch Pipes, in full Highland costume, as played before the Duke of Buccleuch and the whole court of Queen Victoria, in Scotland.

"THE SCOTTISH GAMES AT GEELONG", The Argus (4 January 1860), 5

"THE LATE CALEDONIAN GATHERING", The Argus (7 December 1860), 5

"THE BEECHWORTH CARNIVAL RICHARDSON'S SHOW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 November 1873), 2 

. . . On Wednesday evening we dropt in again, and saw Messrs James Cunningham, James Kyle, Robert Spiers and Master Duncan dance a capital Scotch reel, to the bagpipe accompaniment of Mr. Peter Bruce; this went well with the audience . . . Peter Bruce, the piper, played, as the Scotch folk said, brawley.

"THE EASTER FESTIVAL", The North Eastern Ensign (16 April 1884), 2

[News], The North Eastern Ensign (3 September 1889), 2

Mr. Peter Bruce, better known as "Captain" Bruce, a very old resident of Benalla district, died at his residence on Sunday last, the cause of death being a general break-up of the constitution. Deceased, who was about 70 years of age, was a native of the Highlands of Scotland, and settled down here at farming pursuits many years ago. Although an old man, he was fond of Caledonian sport, and was reckoned one of the best "pipers" in the colony. He was always noted for a genial nature, for his industry and energy in his capacity of farmer, and for a most neighborly and obliging disposition. His remains will be interred in the local cemetery to-day.

"A PIONEER FARMER", The Australasian (25 December 1926), 11 

The death of Gustavus Robert Bruce, of Yarrawonga, on December 9, 1926, removes the last and the original free selector in the parish of Yarrawonga . . . His father, Peter Bruce, was born in the Isle of Skye, Scotland, and decided when 18 or 19 years of age to go to Australia, and sailed from Glasgow in 1826 for Sydney. He was then considered one of the best bagpipe players in Scotland, and received a great send-off from the Highlanders in Glasgow. Upon landing in Sydney he took service under Captain Innis, of the Imperial forces. His fame as a piper brought him in contact with all the distinguished Scotsmen of Sydney and he played at every gathering of note in that city. While in the service of Captain Innis, Peter Bruce married Christina Sanderson, and settled down to farming at Parramatta, where Robert was born. When gold was discovered in Victoria Peter Bruce, with his wife and young family and worldly possessions packed on two drays, each drawn by six bullocks, started off on the long bush journey. Bob, his eldest son, was not quite 11 years of age, but he drove one of those teams all the way to the Ovens diggings at Beechworth. Many hardships were encountered on the long journey; there were no roads or bridges, and provisions were difficult to obtain. They struck Gundagai just as the great flood was going down. Bob Bruce informed the writer that cattle and horses were up in the tops of trees at incredible heights. When he reached Beechworth Bob commenced prospecting on his own, and had some luck. His parents lived there for some years, and then left for Benalla to begin farming . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Mundy 1852a, volume 2, 17, 23, 44-45 

[Port Macquarie, March 1847] . . . here were dinner parties and dancing every evening, the chief music being furnished by a Highland bagpiper in full costume. In short, at this secluded bush-residence there was every luxury that could be found in the distant capital, except the polka! and that one of our party imported and imparted, to the immeasurable delight of a numerous bevy of pretty girls, the daughters and friends of the house.

[23] . . . His [Major Innes's] overseer, the piper Bruce - of whom I have made honourable mention as incorporating within his own person and pipes the dancing orchestra of Lake Innes Cottage - resides at the inn, and makes what custom he can from the rare travellers on the road.

[44] . . . The travellers, however, reached at sunset the hospitable roof of Lake Innes Cottage, where we recruited ourselves until the 22d. Bruce's bagpipes were in good wind and condition; the same may be said of the eight or nine young ladies in the house, who took [45] care that the Sydney gentlemen should not forget how to dance for want of practice . . .

Boswell 1911, 56 

Boswell 1911, 61 

Thursday, 22nd June [1843] . . . Bruce played some pibrochs early for Mr. Macleay's benefit. I had no idea the bagpipes could sound so beautiful, though I liked them at all times the sound is so different in the open air when the piper is walking up and down.

Boswell 1911, 67 

. . . in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all.

Boswell 1911, 128 

John MacFadyen, "Piping in Skye", in The Skye: one hundred years 1865-1965 (Glasgow: J. MacGowan/McMillan, Graham and Pickering, [1965])

The only natives of Skye Alexander [Bruce] was on record as having been taught by the MacCrimmons were Alexander Bruce 1771-1840 and his brother John Bruce 1775-1847. Alexander was piper first to Capt. MacLeod of Gesto and afterwards to Mr. Bruce of Glenelg. Alexander Campbell, the Diarist, describes him in 1815 as a favourite pupil of Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. He had three songs, John, Peter, and Malcolm, Malcolm was piper at Moy for a time while John and Peter went to Australia where they taught the Canntaireachd to the eccentric Simon Fraser.

Mackenzie 2009, 155, 156, 162

[156] [Simon Fraser] himself did not play the pipes seriously until he was 40 [1884-5]. He said he was then the only pupil of Peter Bruce, son of the great piper Alexander Bruce, who had been taught by both Gesto and Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. Peter left his pipes to Simon in his will, an indication of a close teacher-pupil bond.

Bibliography and resources:,_Port_Macquarie,_New_South_Wales 

[accessed 9 July 2015] Annabella often referred to Bruce the piper who entertained the residents of the house . . . [this] was Peter Bruce who came as a free settler from Scotland in about 1840. He was part of a family whose members were renowned for their ability to play the bagpipes and are mentioned in the texts on the history of piping. His father was Alexander Bruce (1771-1840) of Glenelg, Scotland who had been taught by the famous MacCrimmon pipers and his uncle John Bruce (1775-1847) was the piper to Sir Walter Scott. It is also mentioned in the texts that two of Alexander's sons Peter and John, who also played the bagpipes very well, immigrated to Australia. Although Peter played the pipes to entertain the guests he was also employed as a servant. Annabella mentions that he assists the butler serve at the table when required. However his main occupation seems to be a farmer as she says that "in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all." At the time that Annabella wrote her diary in 1844 Peter Bruce was about to marry, Helen, her cousins maid. She mentions that the wedding of Bruce and Helen was held in the drawing-room. The bride was Helen Sanderson, a Scottish girl, who immigrated to Australia in about 1838. She was on board the same ship that Annabella's maid Christina Ross had taken to come to Australia. The couple had several children while they lived at Lake Innes and in the early 1850s they moved to the goldfields at Bathurst and then to Beechworth. Eventually they came to Benalla in Victoria where Peter bought some land and became a farmer. He continued playing the bagpipes and his obituary mentions that he was known "as one of the best pipers in the colony."


Annabella Boswell (Innes)

Simon Fraser (pupil)

BRUCE, Robert ("R. B.")

Songwriter, composer, poet, pastoralist

Born England c.1835
Died North Adelaide, SA, 4 November 1908, in his 73rd year (NLA persistent identifier)


A pastoralist (at Wallelberdina and Coondambo), Bruce was a prolific poet, songwriter and novelist, active from the 1870s. Works include his story collection The dingos and other tales (Adelaide: Printed at the Advertiser and Chronicle offices, 1875) and a verse collection A voice from the Australian bush (Adelaide: Frearson and Bro., 1877)


"DEATHS", The Advertiser (5 November 1908), 8

"DEATH OF MR. ROBERT BRUCE", The Register (6 November 1908), 5

Robert Caldwell, "ROBERT BRUCE (The Poet of Coondambo)", The Advertiser (28 November 1908), 13

Musical works:

The mistletoe (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Whispering wind bring your message to me (written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

I am a zephyr free (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Let's be happy while we're young (song; words and music composed by R. Bruce; harmonized by Hans Bertram) 

BRUFORD, Eliza Harris (Elizabeth Harris; Eliza Harris FERGUSON; Mrs. Alexander BRUFORD; Mrs. BRUFORD)

Musician, music teacher, school teacher

Born Baltimore, USA, 9 November 1814; baptised St. Andrew's., Holborn, London, England, 14 March 1819, daughter of James Frederick FERGUSON (1768-1831) and Elizbeth Mary HARRIS (1792-1849)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 14 August 1834 (assisted immigrant per Strathfieldsay, from Gravesend, 1 May)
Married Alexander BRUFORD (c. 1800-1861), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 January 1842
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 21 April 1846 (per Flying Fish, from Hobart Town, 7 April)
Died Port Fairy, VIC, 27 February 1876, aged "61" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Assisted female immigrants, per Strathfieldsay, 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:420861; CSO1/1/742/16027; GO33/1/17 P906$init=GO33-1-17P0906JPG (DIGITISED)

91 / Ferguson / Miss / 20 / Governess / [disposed to] Mr. Bartley Kerry Lodge / £30 / [character] Very Good

[Advertisement], The Courier (15 December 1840), 3 

MRS. BETTS Establishment for Young Ladies. Any reference can be made (during Mrs. Bett's absence from town) to Miss Ferguson, at J. S. Butler's, Esq., Davey-street, Hobart Town. December 15.

1842, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:828642; RGD37/1/2 no 1374$init=RGD37-1-2p272 

[No.] 1374 / 8th January / Alexander Bruford / 41 / Accountant . . .
Eliza Harris Ferguson / 22 [sic] / Married at Hobart Town according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of Scotland . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 May 1843), 1 

MRS. BRUFORD begs to inform her friends and the public that, on Mondav, the 15th instant, she purposes OPENING a SCHOOL for YOUNG LADIES, in which the usual course of education will be pursued. Mrs. B. hopes, by diligent attention to her pupils, to merit that degree of approbation which, as a private instructress, she formerly enjoyed. Terms may be known on application to Mrs. Bruford, 39, Macquarie-street. May 4.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (22 April 1846), 2 

April 21 - Flying Fish schooner, J. Clinch master from Hobart Town 7th instant. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs Bruford and three children, and Mary Balfour, servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

MRS. BRUFORD, by this, informs the parents and guardians residing in and around Melbourne, that, after the vacation, she purposes opening a School for a limited number of young ladies.
Mrs. Bruford intends teaching the English Grammar, Geography, History &c., the French and Italian languages, and the Music herself; she can therefore promise, that in these branches of education, the utmost endeavours shall be used to promote the improvement of her pupils; should Drawing and Dancing be required, she will endeavour to procure the best masters.
Mrs. Bruford has at present room for only 3 or 4 boarders, but hopes soon to obtain a larger house in a more suitable situation.
A card of terms will be sent on application either by letter or otherwise.
Reference given and required. Little Lonsdale street.

"THE RISING GENERATION", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

By our advertising columns, it will be seen that Mrs. Bruford has opened a seminary for young ladies, in which the usual branches of an English education, combined with French, Italian, and music, will be imparted by Mrs. Bruford, whose diversified attainments, and highly respectable and influential connexions will doubtless obtain for her no small share of the patronage of those desirous of bestowing on their offspring that "jewel beyond all price," a good education.

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (28 December 1846), 2 

WANTED. A Young Woman, fully competent to take charge of three children. Reference required. Apply to MRS. BRUFORD, Collins-street, Eastern Hill.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (14 March 1856), 8 

MRS. BRUFORD wishes to inform the inhabitants of Castlemaine that she purposes opening a School for Young Ladies, in which they will be taught the usual branches of an English education, French, the rudiments of Latin, and Piano-forte music . . .
TERMS. English 3 guineas per quarter; French 2 " " "; Latin 2 " " "; Music 3 " " "; To be paid in advance.
Doveton Street, Castlemaine.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (6 July 1860), 4 

LADIES' SCHOOL. MRS. BRUFORD being now free from all other engagements is desirous of increasing the number of her pupils, to whose education she will devote her earnest attention.
Terms per Quarter: English, with the rudiments of Latin £3 3 0; French 2 2 0; Music 3 3 0; Dancing 1 11 6
References to the parents of pupils now attending the school.
The duties will be resumed on Monday, July 9. Hermitage Road, Newtown.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 March 1876), 1 

BRUFORD. - On the 27th ult., at Belfast, Eliza Harris Bruford, aged 61 years, daughter of the late James Frederick Ferguson (previously Jean Joseph Jaquemain, of Jaquemains, bankers, Paris), and widow of the late Alexander Bruford, of Hobart Town and Melbourne, formerly of Frome, Somerset.

Bibliography and resources:

James Frederick Ferguson, Geni 

Eliza Harris FERGUSON, RootsWeb 

Benjamin Preiss, "Archaeological dig uncovers huge pre-Gold Rush trove in Melbourne CBD", The Age (24 May 2020)

BRUNTON, Alfred (Alfred BRUNTON)

Singing instructor, schoolmaster

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1849
Died NZ, 17 May 1900


"CONGREGATIONAL PSALMODY", The Argus (21 November 1849), 2

It is proposed to form a class for instruction in singing, on the Hullah system, with a view to the improvement of congregational psalmody. The class will be conducted, under the superintendence of the clergy of St. Peter's parish, by Mr. Brunton, of the Church of England School, Collingwood, and will meet every Monday and Friday evening, at the Protestant Hall.



A course of lectures on music, given gratuitously in this church by Mr. Brunton, of Collingwood, concluded on Thursday evening . . . The instruction given has been of the most practical character, elucidating the beauties of the plain chaunt, which is so well adapted for the services of the Church of England.

"AN EXPLANATION. To the Editor", The Argus (16 July 1856), 6

"JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PROGRESS", The illustrated journal of Australasia 1 (1856), 139 (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. Brunton, who has already manifested his skill as a teacher of singing, has opened a class for the practice of Psalmody. The meetings are held in Chalmers' Church. The tunes selected for use are printed in the form of a neat book by Mr. W. H. Williams, and are deserving of mention, as the use of music type is almost new here . . .

"SERVICE OF SONG" [from Journal of Australasia, December 1856], Launceston Examiner (10 January 1857), 3

. . . During the last few weeks, a class numbering nearly three hundred persons has met in Chalmers' Church for the practice of psalmody . . . The conductor of these classes is a Mr. Brunton, whose skill as a teacher had been before commented in this Journal, and in other  publications. The present course consists of six lectures, and is preliminary to more extensive classes which the lecturer proposes to open in Melbourne and Collingwood . . .

"ST. MARK'S SCHOOL COLLINGWOOD", The Argus (2 October 1858), 5

? "A BANKRUPT CLERGYMAN AND HIS CREDITORS", Bendigo Advertiser (16 November 1888), 3

? "NEW ZEALAND NEWS", The Queenslander (1 December 1888), 1012

"DEATH OF AN EVANGELIST", Wanganui Chronicle (18 May 1900), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward A. Petherick, "Early Collingwood: recollections of the 'fifties and 'sixties of last century", The Victorian Historical Magazine 1/1 (January 1911), 5-18

. . . In the middle of the 'fifties there were a few private schools and three or four good public schools in Collingwood [including] Mr. Brunton's at St. Mark's . . . Mr. Brunton's was considered the best, but being a dissenter he had soon to remove his "Eton" public school from St. Mark's to the United Free Methodist Chapel in George-street; and Mrs. Snow, wife of Alfred Snow, architect of Oxford-street Church, followed with her public school for girls to the school-room adjoining. Both schools had the same singing and drawing masters and received the most efficient teaching then in vogue in any Denomination. Mr. Brunton was a kind and considerate, though very strict master; a counsellor on whose judgment his elder pupils could rely with confidence; a master always associating with them as a friend and companion . . . A large number of surviving pupils now scattered over the Commonwealth and New Zealand, still revere the memory of their old Master, Alfred Brunton.


Edward Augustus Petherick (pupil late 1850s)

BRUNTON, Thomas (Thomas BRUNTON)

Professor of dancing

Born ? London, England, c. 1790
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by April 1828
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1830, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Perhaps a son or other relative of the English theatrical entrepreneur John Brunton (1775-1849), Thomas Brunton, lately "Ballet Master at the King's theatre, London", also "late Ballet master of the Surrey Theatre", was recently arrived and teaching dancing in Sydney in April 1828. According to the Monitor, in May he had been engaged to be "ballad [sic] master" at Levi's new Sydney Amateur Theatre. He advertised regularly in the press through 1829. However, he died on 28 February 1830 after being thrown by his horse.

His inquest heard that:

Mr. Brunton was a man of cheerful, social habits, and just 40 years of age. He married, only three or four months ago, the young widow of the late Mr. William Underwood, whose death, in several particulars, resembled that of the unfortunate Mr. B.

As a result for Brunton's death, a Mrs. Raine advertised that she would be opening a dancing school. Brunton's wife, Mary, died 2 years later.


[News], The Monitor (19 April 1828), 7

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 May 1828), 1

[News], The Monitor (21 May 1828), 5

[News], The Horbart Town Courier (28 June 1828), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (3 November 1828), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Asiatic Journal (August 1830), 226

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. BRUNTON", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 March 1830), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 April 1830), 1

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (24 May 1832), 4


Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, theatrical manager

Born England, ?
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, until March 1861
Died New York, USA, 24 November 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

BRUTONE, Julia (? Miss COURT; Miss Julia CLIFFORD; Miss Julia CLISSOLD)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1854), 4 

. . . New comic song by Mr. Bruton . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (29 August 1857), 3 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Sole Lessees - Messrs. Jones and Bruton; Stage Manager, Mr. B. Jones; Treasurer, Mr. H. Field; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. I. Davis . . . Local Comic Song - THE BATHURST RAILWAY - Mr. Bruton . . .

"THEATRICALS", Colonist [Nelson, NZ] (16 March 1858), 2 

The clipper schooner Ariel, Captain Eves, has arrived with a theatrical company from Sydney, who will shortly appear in Nelson. Report speaks highly of their ability, and our good townsfolk may anticipate a Thespian treat of no mean order. The company, among others, consists of Miss Julia Clifford, late leading actress of the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney; Mr. Bruton, the celebrated comedian and comic singer, and long a great favorite in Sydney; and Mr. P. Davize, the well known delineator of "eccentric comedy."

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS. THEATRE ROYAL", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (11 July 1859), 3 

. . . The Farce of "Wilful Murder" which followed served to develop the comic powers of Mr. J. W. Bruton, a rising actor, who is more really funny than most others of his class, because he does not strive to go beyond the scope of his part . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (27 March 1861), 3 

"NEW ROYALTY THEATRE", Morning Post [London, England] (24 January 1862), 5

. . . Of the low comedians, by far the best is Mr. J. W. Brutone, late of the Lyceum, an artist whose humour is affluent and versatile, and who excels in burlesque . . .

"DUNDEE. ALHAMBRA MUSIC HALL", The Era [London, England] (20 May 1866), 13

. . . The other members of the present company include Mr. J. W. Brutone and Miss Clissold (duettists) . . .

"OBITUARY. J. W. BRUTONE, COMEDIAN", The New York Herald (25 November 1876), 10 

Mr. J. W. Brutone, the popular comedian, died at his residence, No. 148 West Twenty-fifth street, on Friday morning, after a short illness. Brutone's family name was Barrett. He was the son of Aaron Barrett, architect, of Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. He was not intended by education for the stage, but early developed a desire for histrionic fame. In 1852, his health being indifferent, he went to Sydney, Australia, where, shortly after his arrival, he made his debut. At the theatre he met Miss Court [Julia Clifford/Clissold], also a debutante, and shortly thereafter their fame and fortunes were merged in marriage. In 1861 Mr. Brutone and his wife, having visited all the cities of Australia, went to England, where they remained in professional occupation until 1867, when they came to America. From this time forth until his death Mr. Brutone played at different theatres in New York, winning for himself golden opinions and establishing his claims to popular recognition. Mrs. Brutone, nee Court, was of the family famous as hereditary proprietors of the Shakespeare property in Stratford-upon-Avon, and had been on the stage but three mouths when she married the deceased.

[Recollections], The theatre [London, England] (1890), 366

. . . Agnes Booth said: "In Australia I danced in all the operas with Mme. . . . There was an amateur company among the officers, and they were to play the "Lady of Lyons." Mrs. Brutone, who was then Miss Julia Clifford, was to play Pauline and I was to dance the Highland fling . . .

"THE MUSIC BOX, By JAMES M. GLOVER", The Stage [London, England] (6 December 1923), 17

. . . And here is Fanny Moody telling us not only of her singing masters, but of dear old Mrs. Brutone, the American actress, from whom she had her "declamation lessons." In the seventies and eighties we took her art seriously. When I produced Jack in the Box at the Union Square, New York, in 1885, I cast Mrs. Brutone for the show man's wife, Mrs. Merryweather. She shortly afterwards returned to this country and stopped with the Howsons, and gave lessons such as those of which Miss. Manners is so justly proud . . .

BRYAN, Jane Elizabeth (Jane Elizabeth BRYAN; Miss BRYAN; Mrs. Alfred MONK)

Vocalist (pupil of Cesare Cutolo)

Born c. 1841
Active Adelaide, SA, 1859-60
Married Alfred MONK, Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 15 November 1910, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

. . . The piece which followed was a trio - "Desolate is the dwelling of Norma"- by Miss Rowe, Mr. Daniel, and Miss Bryan; the latter an amateur vocalist, and this her first appearance in public. The performance of this piece was loudly encored. Miss Bryan displayed some excellent and accurate tones of voice, as well as a degree of animation which indicated proficiency in her part and taste in its delivery. A solo on the harp by Miss Horn, selected from Meyerbeer, followed. Miss Bryan then sung "Bright things can never die." Throughout both of these songs she developed tones of voice and an animation in her delivery which took the spectators quite by surprise. She was interrupted several times by the applause of the audience, and was enthusiastically called upon for an encore, when she substituted "I do not ask," which was rendered in an unexceptionable manner and with great feeling. We venture to state that for volume of tone and expression in delivery this young lady has not her equal in the colony.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1859), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (30 November 1859), 3

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 December 1859), 3

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", The South Australian Advertiser (31 May 1860), 3

"WHITE'S ROOMS", South Australian Register (22 December 1860), 3

"TIVOLI REMINISCENCES", Observer (15 January 1916), 33 

. . . Miss Tozer, afterwards Mrs. Perryman, Miss Chalker, Miss Rowe, and Miss Bryan (afterwards Mrs. Monk) were among those who appeared . . .

BRYAN, Thomas


Arrived Fremantle, WA, 1863
Died Launceston, TAS, 16 February 1896, aged 76

BRYAN, Thomas


Active Perth, WA
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 May 1901, aged 49


"AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Inquirer & Commercial News (5 September 1866), 2

"PERTH BAND", The Inquirer & Commercial News (10 October 1866), 3

[News], The Perth Gazette (8 January 1869), 2

"OBITUARY", Launceston Examiner (17 February 1896), 4

"BANDMASTER BRYAN. DEATH FROM HEART DISEASE", West Australian Sunday Times (12 May 1901), 1

"DEATHS", The West Australian (5 June 1901), 4

BRYANT, Master

Boy vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864-65


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1865), 8

BRYANT BROTHERS (2 of the 3 famous minstrel performers from USA)
BRYANT, Jerry (Jeremiah O'BRIEN; alias Jerry BRYANT)

Musician, minstrel serenader, banjo player

Born Chesterfield, NY, USA, 11 June 1828; son of Timothy O'BRIEN and Margaret DUGGAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 5 April 1856 (per What Cheer, for California)
Died New York City, USA, 8 April 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRYANT, Neil (Cornelius O'BRIEN; alias Neil BRYANT)

Musician, minstrel serenader, flutina player

Born Keesville, NY, USA, c. 1831; son of Timothy O'BRIEN and Margaret DUGGAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed ? Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1856 (per Swiss Boy, for San Francisco)
Died Brooklyn, NY, 6 March 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Webster O'Brien ("Dan Bryant", brother, 1833-1875)


[Advertisement], New York Daily Herald (12 August 1845), 3

MR. McCARTY has, at great expense, engaged . . .
MR. D. GARDNER . . . BILLY WHITLOCK, the great Locomotive [REDACTED] and accomplished Banjo Player . . .
OLD DAN EMMET, the celebrated Violinist and old Virginny [REDACTED] . . .
CHARLES WHITE, the unrivalled Accordionist and celebrated Negro performer.
MASTER JERRY BRYANT on the Castinetts and wonderful Negro Dancer . . .

USA census, 1850, Ward 11, no. 3260, New York, NY; United States Federal Census (PAYWALL)

Timothy O'Brien / 60 / Laborer / [born] Ireland // Marg't / 55 / - [born] Ireland
Patr'k / 26 / [born] NY // Wm / 33 / [born NY] // Jeremiah / 22 / [born NY] // Cornelius / 19 / Ship Wright / [born] NY

[News], The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (9 July 1893), 18

Few cities of the country of its size have furnished the theatrical profession with more able members than Washington, and many a well known actor who is credited to other places considers this town his home, and they make a point of returning here every summer to spend their vacation. At the National theater one evening this week I counted thirteen theatrical people in tne audience. Among the number were Miss Annie Lewis, the soubrette of the Texas Steer company, and Neil Bryant, the famous minstrel of forty years ago, the brother of Jerry and Dan Bryant, who made New York laugh when they ran their show at their famous opera house, 472 Broadway, and afterward in the Tammany hall building where Tony Pastor now is. Neil is living quietly in Washington and is an employe of the United States coast survey. He is a constituent of Congressman Tim Campbell and hails from what used to be the old Eighth congressional district of New York. In talking with me over old times, when the Bowery, although not famous in song, was more of a street than it is to-day, Neil Bryant said: "My brothers and I were all born m the state of New York. Dan claiming Troy as his native place and Jerry and I Keysville. Jerry and I started in the minstrel business about the year 1843. We played all over the country until 1852, when we went to Australia, I going with one company and Jerry with another. Later on I joined his aggregation as leader of the orchestra. We were in Australia altogether four years, and although it was not then the good paying place it is now, we made a pile of money there. We opened in New York on the 23d of February, 1857, at Mechanics' hall, and stayed there for seven years and every body knows how successful we were. We had every actor of any account on the stage in our minstrel company, including Dave Wambold and Sher Campbell, the great baritone. Business was so good in New York that it almost ran itself. There has been some talk of late concerning the authorship of "Dixie." I can settle that dispute right here tor you. Don Emmett wrote "Dixie" in 1859 and sang it for the first time in our place with tremendous success. Enmett is still well and living in Chicago at present. The thing, that made the greatest hit with us, however, was Dan's "Essence of Old Virginia," which was a song and jig dance. Dan also brought out "Shoo Fly" and kept it on for over a year, and the way the thing did pull up business was a caution. The crowds at night in front or our theater were so large that tickets were sold on the sidewalk for $2.50 and $3 each . . . My brother Jerry died in 1861 and Dan in 1875, both in the month of April. Dan left five children in New York, one of whom, a daughter, is now with Augustin Daly's company . . .

"MINSTREL NEIL BRYANT DEAD", The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (6 March 1902), 1

Old Time Performer Passes Away in St. Mary's Hospital After a Long Illness. Neil Bryant, last of the old time black face minstrels, died this morning. His death makes the third of three famous minstrels who have passed away within three weeks. Neil Bryant was 72 years old and was the oldest of the jolly entertainers who inaugu rated black face minstrelsy. With his two brothers, Daniel and Jerry, he traveled all over the world. The trio became famous as the three Bryants. For ten years, from 1857 to 1867, they owned a theater on Broadway that was the center of fun in those olden days. The house was always crowded, even during the troublous times of war. In 1883 Mr. Bryant retired from the stage and took a government position, which he held up to nearly two years ago, when his health gave away. He suffered with a variety of ailments, which, with his advanced age, made his recovery impossible. He went to St. Mary's Hospital, in Brooklyn, in April, 1901, and has been there ever since. He could not lie down during the last few weeks of his life, but had to remain propped up in a chair day and night. His heart was so affected that to lie down endangered his life. This morning he grew suddenly worse and died at 9 o'clock. Since he learned of the death of "Billy" West and "Billy" Rice, he has been heartbroken. He talked frequently about those old time minstrels, who, with him, used to make laughter for the people of a generation ago. Cornelius O'Brien was Mr. Bryant's real name.

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 58-59, 106 

Jerry Bryant (O'Brien) was the oldest of the famous Bryant Brothers; he was an excellent comedian, and was especially good on the "bone end" of the minstrel first part. He made his initial appearance as a ballad singer in 1842. Billy Whitlock, the "father of minstrelsy," first brought him before the public. In 1844 he became a member of the Ethiopian Serenaders, subsequently appearing with the Operatic Brothers and Sisters. In June, 1847, he formed one of the original Campbell's Minstrels, organized in New York City. The following year he played in London, England, with Major Dumbleton's Ethiopian Serenaders. In 1849 he returned to America and made a tour of the country, and on April 8, 1850, he opened with Earl Pierce's Minstrels at No. 442 Broadway, New York City ; subsequently he went to Boston, where he met with much success with Ordway's Aeolians. When George Christy seceded from the E. P. Christy Minstrels, in New York, October 1854, Jerry Bryant took his (Christy's) place, and remained with the company until it disbanded, on July 15, 1854; in September, the same year, he went with E. P. Christy's Minstrels to California, and continued until the final dissolution of that company took place, a short time after their arrival. In San Francisco he next managed the San Francisco Minstrels, in conjunction with Eph. Horn and Sher. Campbell. In 1855 they went to Australia, subsequently returning to the United States, and on Monday, February 23, 1857, in [59] conjunction with his brothers, Dan and Neil, and about ten others, the first performance of Bryant's Minstrels was given in New York City, at Mechanics' Hall, No. 472 Broadway. Mr. Bryant was married in the Spring of 1859: his widow subsequently became the wife of Thomas Donaldson, proprietor of the London Theatre, New York. Of Jerry Bryant it may be truthfully said that he was one of the most capable and popular performers that ever blacked up. His last appearance was with his own company, April 2, 1861. Jerry Bryant was born in Chesterfield, X. V., June 11, 1828; he died in New York City April 8, 1861. 

Neil Bryant (Cornelius A. O'Brien), was the youngest and the last of the three famous brothers of his name that organized Bryant's Minstrels, in 1857. Oddly enough, less is known about the early career of Neil Bryant than either of his brothers. The earliest authentic record obtainable by the author is at the American Hall, Hartford, Conn., June 25, 1851, as a member of Ordway's Aeolians, a famous Boston organization: it is highly probable that Mr. Bryant was with this company prior to the above date in the Massachusetts metropolis. He continued with Bryant's Minstrels in New York until the death of his brother Dan, April 10, 1875; subsequently he organized Bryant's Minstrels, and gave intermittent performances on the road for a period of about seven years. In 1851, the programme gave Neil Bryant as giving an accordeon solo; in later years he was almost exclusively identified with his performance on the flutina. About 1882 he secured a government position in Washington, D. C, which he retained until two years prior to his death. July 11, 1859, Mr. Bryant married Miss Gertrude E. Ransom. Neil Bryant was born in Keesville, N. Y., 1835 [sic, c. 1831]; he died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 6, 1902.

"Jerry Bryant", Find a grave 


Musical amateur, vocalist, lecturer on national music

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1850-51


"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (5 January 1850), 2

"MUSICAL LECTURE", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 January 1850), 2

. . . For nearly three hours Mr. Buchanan entertained his audience by alternately tracing from history the antiquity and power of music, and illustrating its effects upon the feelings through the means of national airs. The songs were English, Irish, and Scotch. Mr. Buchanan has a clear and pleasing voice, more particularly adapted to the plaintive old airs of Scotland and Ireland.

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Moreton Bay Courier (4 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 April 1850), 1

BUCK, Frederick (BÜCKE; Fritz BUCK)

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Germany, c. 1827/33
Arrived Australia c. early 1850s
Died Hobart, TAS, buried 29 December 1901, aged 68/74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (21 May 1866), 3

NEW MUSIC. FOR SALE AT THE GUARDIAN OFFICE . . . The Young Recruit, march . . .

Burial records (29 December 1901) for Frederick/Fritz Buck; Tasmanian Names Index 

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (30 December 1901), 2

Herr Frederick Buck died on Saturday, aged 74. Though feeble from declining years, he had, up to within a few days of his death, been able to keep about in the open air, and his end was somewhat unexpected. He was an old Tasmanian resident, having arrived here some 50 years ago, and as a talented musician he occupied a prominent and useful position in the community, and had at one time possessed a nice little property in the Glenorchy district, where he had hoped to find a permanent home. Misfortunes, however, befell him. He accepted the position of immigration agent for the Tasmanian Government, went home to his native country, and was instrumental in bringing to the colony many useful German families, who, settling down to industrial pursuits, have become prosperous members of the community. The undertaking did not bring much profit to Herr Buck, but rather involved him in trouble, the result of his too sanguine aspirations to do something that should place his name on the scroll of fame. Meanwhile, his position as one of the premier musicians of Tasmania became weakened. Younger and more pushing competitors entered the field, and, with advancing years, the once popular musician, step by step, dropped into the rear ranks, and friends became few. He was a good linguist, and accomplished in many ways outside his musical profession, and as long as he had means, was liberal handed, even beyond the limits of discretion. His name will long be honoured with that of Herr Schott. They were contemporaries in musical circles some twenty years ago, and both, in their special spheres, did much to advance musical culture in Hobart.

Musical works:

The young recruit march ("Introducing Kucken's favorite air, for the pianoforte") (Hobart: J. Walch, [by 1866]); copy at SL-TAS; Trove Bookmark


Vocalists and instrumentalists

Active Australia and New Zealand, 1830s-60s


Vocalist, comedian, actor

Born England, 17 November 1808; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, 9 July 1809, son of George BUCKINGHAM and Catherine GANNEY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid 1833
Married Ann Jane JESSOP (1819-1861), Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1834
Died Orange NSW, 25 April 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Ann Jane = Ann Jane GLOGOSKI; Mrs. Frank TOWERS)

Vocalist, ballad singer, pianist, entertainer, dancing instructor

Born Sydney, NSW, 7 October 1835, daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married (1) Samuel GLOGOWSKY [sic], Armidale, NSW, 29 January 1858
Departed Newcastle, 9 September 1862 (for Otago, New Zealand)
Married (2) Frank TOWERS (d. 1886), Sydney, NSW, 1882 ("Mrs. TOWERS" since late 1860s)
Died Whoro, India, 19 November 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, George (junior) (George Robert BUCKINGHAM

Comedian, actor, vocalist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 November 1839; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Rosetta (Rosetta BUCKINGHAM; "Mrs. W. H. HAYES")

Born Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1842; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
(?) Married (common law) William Henry HAYES, Australia/NZ, c. 1862/63
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864


Born Auckland, NZ, 10 May 1847; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1895, aged 48

BUCKINGHAM, Conrad Sydney

Born Auckland, NZ, 8 December 1849; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1906

BUCKINGHAM, Henry Douglas

Born Auckland, NZ, 24 September 1852; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 September 1915

BUCKINGHAM, Emily Esther

Born Sydney, NSW, 1857; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married Sydney LAMBERT, Dunedin, NZ, 30 January 1877
Died Parramatta, NSW, 1900

BUCKINGHAM, Arthur Stewart

Born Wollongong, NSW, 25 June 1860
Died New Lambton, NSW, 18 July 1837


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, in the year 1809; register, 1746-1812; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Buckinghgam / George [son] of George & Catherine / [born] Nov. 17 1808 / [baptised] [July] 9

[Letter] "To the editors", The Sydney Herald (18 July 1833), 2

"BIRTH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 October 1835), 3 

On Wednesday last, the 7th October, the wife of Mr. George Buckingham, the Comedian, of a daughter.

"BIRTH", Melbourne Times (13 August 1842), 3 

To-day the lady of Mr. G. Buckingham, Stephens street, of a daughter.

[Letter] "To the editors", Empire (17 September 1856), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, which will be opened under different management, and as puffing will not be resorted to, A. T. would merely mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity in endeavouring to render his saloon one of the greatest attractions in the city.
- Behold!!! All this Talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, Every Night for One Week, with other Artistes.
The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY AND TROUPE. Largest Operatic Company out of England.
Having at great expense engaged the following artistes:
- Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice;
Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso;
Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer;
Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist;
Miss Buckingham, the talented singer;
Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer;
Master G. R. Buckingham, the flute player;
Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer (called the Old Musketeer);
Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer (Paddy Malone);
Master H. Buckingham, the autical singer (Red, White, and Blue, &c.).
N.B. Artistes requiring engagements, will please apply by letter to
G. H. BUCKINGHAM, Toogood's Saloon.
WANTED, a Cornet Player.

"THE BUCKINGHAM FAMILY", Wagga Wagga Express (29 January 1859), 2

This very talented family arrived here on Saturday and played on the same night to a crowded house. at Mr. Byrnes' Hotel. Their fame came before them and therefore it was not to be wondered at, claiming as they did at a few hours notice, the numerous attendance that appeared in the saloon of the Hotel. This clearly demonstrates how the good people of' Wagga Wagga are desirous of patronising anything in the shape of genuine talent. It is needless to speak of their ability, as their claims have been acknowledged in every town and by every person who may have heard them. The public press also has been lavish in their praise. The precosity of the juvenile portion of the family are astonishing. Master Walter in particular, as the "Old Musketeer". There he may be seen with the violin, again at the flute, then at the. piano; in fact he seems au fait in whatever may come in his way. Then we have the picaninny, whose "Billy Crow" is the most comical thing our readers can imagine. "Barber Brown," "Beautiful Boy," "Paddy Malone," are all of the same class. His performance on the flute in company with his brothers is excellent. Again where shall we find a better player than the elder son George on the flute? Who can forget the exquisite tones in that beautiful melody "Home, sweet home," rendered by him, with others of a similar character. We must not forget to make particular mention of Miss Rosa Buckingham, whose performance on the piano, (which was kindly lent for the occasion by George Forsyth, Esq.), was excellent; she also sang the song of "Molly Asthore." On Wednesday evening the performance took place in the large ball room attached to Mr Fox's Squatters' Hotel, and notwithstanding the heavy rain the room was crowded . . .


"DIED", Illawarra Mercury (26 April 1861), 2 

At her residence, George street, Campbelltown on the 19th instant, Anne Jane, the beloved wife of George H. Buckingham, aged 44 years, leaving husband and nine children to mourn their loss.

"DEATH", Bells Life Sydney newspaper (3 May 1862), 3 

Died of Dysentry on 25th April at Orange Mr. G. H. Buckingham aged 66 years leaving a family of 9 children to mourn their loss.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (22 July 1862), 1331 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION.
In the Goods of George Harvey Buckingham, late of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, innkeeper, deceased.
NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honorable Court in its Ecclesiastical Juiisdiction, that Letters of Administration of the goods, chattels, credits and effects of the abovenamed deceased, may be granted to George Robert Buckingham, of Maitland, the eldest son of the said deceased. -
Dated this 21st day of July, a.d. 1862.
W. H. MULLEN, Proctor for the said Applicant, By THOMAS ICETON, his Agent.

"SHIPPING", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 September 1862), 2 

Sep. 9.- Cincinatti, barque, 413, Hyde, for Otago, with 643 tons coal. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Glogoski and two children, Mrs. and Miss Buckingham and servant, Masters Buckingham (3), and Messrs. Dalton, Ridgeway, E. Conn, and G. Buckingham, and 5 in steerage. Ward and Co., agents.


Bibliography and resources:

Peter Downes [1990], "Buckingham, George and Buckingham, Rosetta", Te Ara (Encyclopedia of New Zealand) 

George Buckingham, one of the pioneers of theatre in Auckland, came to New Zealand from Australia late in 1843 on the City of Sydney, accompanied by his wife and three children . . . there is a strong probability that he was a freed convict. His career as an actor began in Sydney in 1832. He married Anne Jessop there on 21 July 1834 . . . George Buckingham senior returned to acting in late 1855 to partner the highly esteemed actress Mrs W. H. Foley for a few months in her Auckland debut season, but after a violent disagreement over money the couple parted company. The next few years were spent touring with the family group around the inland towns of New South Wales and Victoria. In 1861 the Buckingham Family entertainers turned up in Sydney, but without either mother or father. Anne Buckingham had died in Campbelltown, New South Wales, on 20 April 1861, probably outliving her husband. How and where George Buckingham [senior] died is not known [sic] . . .


Actor, dancer, vocalist, convict, tumbler

Born England, c. 1829/30, son of Thomas BUCKINGHAM (c. 1795-1847)
? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 12 November 1848 (convict per Ratcliffe, from Spithead, 29 July 1848)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by August 1853
Died Magill, SA, 16 July 1920, in his 92nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Edward Buckingham was tried for repeat petty thefts at Hastings, Sussex, England, on 11 July 1846. Found guilty of felony, he was sentenced to 7 years transportation. On arrival in Hobart as a convict on 12 November 1848, he gave his age as 20 and his trade as "servant and tumbler". He appears to have been assigned immediately to the circus proprietor Robert Avis Radford (c.1815-1865), and was already advertised to perform at Radford's Amphitheatre on 21 November. Buckingham sentence expired in July 1853, and he was in South Australia by August, billed as "son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres" on taking his first Adelaide benefit at the Royal Victoria Theatre in September.

If the London actor Thomas Buckingham was indeed Edward's father, he did not die when Edward was still a child, but in Lambeth Workhouse on 6 September 1847. According to the report of Edward's trial in 1846, he strenuously avoided giving any identifying details or potentially mitigating references, despite these being eagerly sought by the magistrate, concerning his family and other contacts in London. It is even possible, assuming that his father was already in straightened circumstances in 1846, that Edward actively contrived to be apprehended and transported.

Buckingham of course did not come out to Hobart for Anne Remens Clarke, as he stated in 1905; rather it was Charles Young, who he performed with in 1849, who came out to Hobart for Clarke in 1843. He cannot have appeared in Melbourne or Sydney in 1852-53, or visited "the diggings" then. His anecdote about the musicians Alfred Howson and his father Francis Howson probably correctly occurred in Hobart, where in 1848 the Howsons were playing for Radford. In Adelaide, he indeed performed at the Victoria for Harriet Lambert, and during the visit there of Lola Montez.

Edward Buckingham's convict record is unusually short on later detail. He was given permission to marry Sarah Reed, and did so on 26 November 1849. His only further offence, on 13 April 1850 he was apprehended for being at the Victoria Theatre without permission. He was granted a ticket-of-leave in mid 1851.

Buckingham's theatrical career seems not to have lasted beyond 1855.


"BOROUGH QUARTER SESSIONS", Brighton Gazette [England] (16 July 1846), 7

The Midsummer Sessions for this Borough were held on Friday, in the Town Hall . . . Edward Buckingham, a young man, pleaded Guilty to stealing, on the 16th June, in the parish of All Saints, two silk pocket handkerchiefs, one cloth cap, and one pair of black cloth trowsers, the property of Benjamin Coppard Betts. He was also charged with having, on the 11th June, stolen one silk pocket handkerchief, the property of John Betts, and again pleaded Guilty. A former conviction of felony was put in against the prisoner, who admitted that be was the party named in the certificate.
Recorder - Is there any one who knows anything you. Prisoner - No. Recorder - I have just seen a letter written by you, and so much as makes in your favour I will take, but some expressions I will pass by. Is there any thing you wish to say? Prisoner - I consider that a person who is guilty of perjury is deserving punishment the person convicted ot felony. There is that female . . . Recorder - We have nothing to do with that. Prisoner - That's all I wish to say. Recorder - I cannot allow you, after yonr conduct, to make any observations tending to impeach the evidence of a witness. Have you anything say to induce me to lighten the sentence? Prisoner - No, I am well deserving all. Recorder - Have you any friends here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Where are your relatives living? Prisoner - In London. Recorder - Have they any connections here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Is there any one here to whom I could refer, to justify me in departing from the heavy sentence which I must otherwise pass? Prisoner - I don't know. Recorder - Are none of your relatives here, knowing the position you are in? Prisoner - I shouldn't like them to know it.
The Recorder, in passing sentence, said the prisoner had been guilty of most ungrateful conduct in robbing those who had generously assisted him in the time of trouble. I learn from your own statement (said the Recorder) that you have articles, not included in these charges, which you are desirous of restoring to their owners. I find from a certificate of the Clerk of the Peace that you were convicted in February last, at Lewes, of stealing two waistcoats, one shirt, four neckcloths, two pairs of stockings, two aprons, and one pair of trousers. You then had a light punishment; and now it remains for me to consider what sentence I shall pass upon you to deter you from further progress in crime, and so to prevent others from following your wretched example. I have earnestly made enquiries to ascertain whether I could find any person to give me hope as to your future conduct. I cannot overlook the fact that the former conviction was for stealing wearing apparel; I therefore find repetition of a similar offence after the lapse of a short time, which shews that the punishment you received for the first offence has not had desired effect. I cannot find, in the treatment of others towards you, that you have any grounds ot justification for your conduct; in fact, the circumstances under which the offences were committed are great aggravation. You have been treated with great kindness; and this is the return you make. That you have not erred from ignorance is quite clear, and I trust that the sentence I am about to pass will have the effect ultimately of making you good member of society. The sentence is that you be Transported beyond the seas for seven years ; and you will be Imprisoned at the Hastings Gaol for one week for the first offence.

"EXTRACTS . . . Death of Buckingham, the Comedian", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 January 1848), 1 

On Monday afternoon, September 6, Thomas Buckingham, the well-known comedian, expired in Lambeth Workhouse, after suffering great privation and distress, owing to infirmity and long-standing disease. On Saturday fortnight he was taken to Lambeth Workhouse, where he was removed into the infirmary, and received every attention from the officials, but gradually sank and died from general debility.

UK National Archives, ADM 101/63/4/3 

Folio 11: case no 39, Edward Buckingham, aged 20, convict; taken ill at sea; sick or hurt, diarrhoea; put on sick list 26 September 1848, discharged 2 October 1848 cured.

? Convict record, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377026$init=CON33-1-91p21$init=CON18-1-50P9 

Marriage permission, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1245033 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 November 1848), 1 

RADFORD'S ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE. MURRAY-STREET. UNPARALLELED ATTRACTION!!! FIRST APPEARANCE OF Mr. BUCKINGHAM, from the Theatres Royal, London. THIS EVENING, THRUSDAY AND SATURDAY, The 21st, 234rd, and 25th instants . . . Comic Song, "The Beautiful Boy," MR. BUCKINGHAM, (His first appearance here.) . . .

"POLICE REPORT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (18 April 1850), 2 

Edward Buckingham and James Brignell, both holding tickets-of-leave, were charged by constable Barber with misconduct as prisoners of the crown in being in the Victoria Theatre at 10 o'clock on the night of Friday last, contrary to the Government regulations. Both were actors at the Theatre. Sentence - one month's imprisonment and hard labour, and then to be sent to reside in the country to cure their propensity for the "stock and buskin." As Shakespeare says in, Richard III, "so much for Buckingham."

? "Convict Department . . . TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 June 1851), 376 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 September 1853), 4 

MR. E. BUCKINGHAM, son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres, begs most respectfully to inform his friends, and patrons of the Drama, that his BENEFIT is fixed for TUESDAY, SEPT. 20, on which occasion he trusts to meet with that patronage which it has ever been his study to merit. The Performance will commence with the celebrated Nautical Dram, by E. Stirling, Esq., entitled GRACE DARLING: or, THE WRECK AT SEA. Characters by the Company.
Comic Song - Mr. Johnson, from Vauxhall.
Highland Fling - Mr. Newson.
Song - Miss La Roche.
Comic Pas Seul - E. Buckingham.
Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Master Bear.
To conclude with the Laughable Farce of HAVE YOU SEEN MY WIFE?
Characters by the whole strength of the Company . . .

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (4 November 1853), 3 

Edward Buckingham, described as a playactor, was charged with assaulting Mary Ann Fonsaker on Sunday last. The defendant, she said, beat her, bit her hand, and knocked a tooth out. In reply to Mr. Parker, she admitted that the defendant had left a gold ring in her possession; also that she had accused him of dishonest practices with his master, Mr. Radford, of the Temple Tap. A witness named Susanuah Brydon stated that she saw Buckingham throw the woman down, but he did not strike the complainant in her presence. Mr. Walker undertook to conduct the complainant's case, but the Stipendiary Magistrate intimated that the Court was of opinion he was not sufficiently instructed in the case, and declined to hear him. The Court fined the defendaut 40s. and costs.

"FROM STAGE TO SHEEP STATION. AN ACTOR TURNS SHEPHERD. AFTER FIFTY YEARS [By Bohemian]", The Register [Adelaide, SA] (2 June 1905), 6 

"This is Mr. Buckingham, Mr. Edward Buckingham," said Mr. W. R. Hunt as he introduced me to the subject of this interview. Mr. Buckingham, an old man with a kerchief tied around his neck, and with every appearance of having been some years in the back blocks, dropped his hat on the floor, a characteristic of those who live in the bush, and took a seat. Mr. Buckingham is an example of the Shakespearean expression that one man in his life plays many parts. Fifty years ago he was a smart man about town, and a good actor and dancer. To-day he is a shepherd, and at 76 years of age is "out of suits with fortune." But let him tell his own strikingly interesting story.

- Early Life. - "I am a son of Thomas Buckingham, one of the leading actors of the Surrey, Haymarket, and Olympic Theatres, London. I went on the stage when I was five years old. I was bringing my parents in three guineas a week before I was eight years old. That was £3 for them,and 3/- for myself. On my father's death I joined Frampton's pupils; we played ballets. When nine years of age, I played the Miser in "The Miser of Southward Ferry." In the afterpiece the same night I was the actor of all work. That was a pretty severe task for a child of nine years.

- To Australia. - Mrs. Clark took me from London to Hobart with Mr. Charles Young and Mrs. Thompson. We had not been at Hobart more than three months before Mrs. Clark eloped with the leader of the orchestra. Then I was thrown on my own resources. I went to Melbourne in 1852, and played at the Queen's Theatre, with Charles Young. After a visit to the diggings I proceeded to Sydney. I got an engagement under Madame Torney, at the old Victoria Theatre, Pitt street. I will never forget the ludicrous incident that happened the first night I went on. There was a young fellow named Alfred Howson, who was very fond of a practical joke. His father was leader of the orchestra, and he also played in it. Alfred had been out fishing, and he brought a fish hook to the theatre to carry out his nefarious little plan. Early in the evening he ran a piece of cotton with the hook attached from the curtain to the orchestra. When his father took his seat Alfred placed the hook in the wig which his parent wore. Then the curtain rose to plaintive music, and simultaneously the poor old man's wig went up into the air. The angry parent in his effort to reach his wig with his fiddlestick fell flop on the drum in the corner of the orchestra. There were roars of laughter from the gods, and the first scene was completely annihilated.

- In Adelaide - "Well, salaries were so small that I came to Adelaide. I was first a member of Radford's company, at the circus in Light square. Owing to the people leaving for the diggings the attendances became so small that the circus had to be closed. I next played at the old Victoria, under the management of Mrs. Harry Lambert. That was about 1854. Those were the good old days of melodrama . . .

"Obituary", West Coast Sentinel [Streaky Bay, SA] (17 July 1920), 2 

At the Old Folks' Home, Magill, last Friday morning, a very old identity of Streaky Bay passed away in the person of Mr. Edward Buckingham. The late Mr. Buckingham in his younger days followed the dramatic profession, and is reputed to have been an actor of no mean order. He came to the West Coast in the early days, and was for a great many years employed at the Flinders hotel. About four years ago, he realised that his great age prevented him from working, so decided to end his days at the Old Folks' Home. The late Mr. Buckingham was a general favorite in the district, and during the time he was in Adelaide was visited by a large number of West Coasters whom he was always pleased to see. He was a regular reader of "The Sentinel," and on more than one occasion said that its arrival cheered him up and reminded him of his old friends. The deceased was in his 92nd year.



Teachers of the Pianoforte, Italian and English Singing, Dancing

Active Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1841-42


[Advertising], The Courier (27 August 1841), 1

[Advertising], Colonial Times (16 August 1842), 1


Violinist, fiddler

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854; Geelong, VIC, 1860


"WHAT IS A MUSICIAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 June 1854), 5

What is a Musician? - In answer to a question put by the Chairman of Quarter Sessions during the trial of John Beck, to a witness named Bucknell, concerning the mode in which he earned his living, witness replied that he was a musician. The Chairman, "What is commonly called a fiddler?" Witness, - "Yes Sir."  It appears Bucknell procures a livelihood by playing the violin in the tap-rooms of public-houses.


Thomas Bucknell, fiddler, charged a female named Julia Fletcher, with robbiug him of 5s, by picking his pocket on Saturday night last. The musician stated that he engaged to fiddle during the whole night on Saturday night for 6s, for the amusement of a party given at Mrs. Birdwoods, near the old Telegraph office; that after performing his work to the satisfaction of all present, he was paid by the hostess the 6s for his trouble, which money he placed, in his outside coat-pocket, and took seat on a sofa alongside Miss Fletcher. The lady observing that he had had a glass or two, dived her hand into his pocket and abstracted five out of the six shillings, which she refused to return. The defence was that the money was handed to the female by Bucknell, and the story about her picking his pocket was trumped up. Case dismissed.

BUDD, Thomas (Thomas BUDD)

Musician, bandmaster (late of the 46th Regiment; Naval Brigade; St. Francis's Band; Randwick Asylum Band), saxophone player ("for the first time in this colony"), composer

Born NSW, 1817
Active Maitland, NSW, by December 1868
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 October 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 December 1868), 1 

ROYAL OLYMPIC THEATRE. BOXING NIGHT, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26th. GRAND VOCAL & INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT In aid of the WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND FUND, When, in addition to the Band being of late rendered more efficient than ever it was before since its formation . . . several of the most talented local amateurs, chiefly members of the Volunteer Corps, have kindly given their services, and Mr. T. Budd, formerly Bandmaster of the 46th Regiment, has also tendered his services, and will perform, for the first time in this colony, on the celebrated new instrument, the Saxaphone, now becoming such a favorite in the old country . . .

"SYDNEY CORRESPONDENCE", The Maitland Mercury (5 June 1869), 2

On Monday evening the Philharmonic Society gave their first grand concert for the season, in the hall of the Exchange; the programme was an attractive one, and the spacious room was filled to the doors. Mr. Budd's (for the first time in Sydney) "Sax-a-phone", was evidently appreciated by the audience, who insisted upon an encore . . .

"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1869), 9

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1872), 5

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1874), 8

"NAVAL BRIGADE FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1874), 4

[News], Illustrated Sydney News (17 October 1874), 15

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1874), 4

BUDDEE, Julius (Julius Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE; Julius BUDDEE; J. BUDDEE)

Musician, professor of Music, pianist, violinist

Born Berlin, Germany, 19 April 1823; baptised 27 April 1823, son of Christoph Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE and Ann Friedricke Henrietta ENGERS
Married Josephine Elise Henriette SCHROEDER (1823-1898), St. Jacobkircke, Berlin, 10 May 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 28 March 1849 (per Louisa, from Hamburg)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1849
Died Glebe Point, NSW, 9 September 1890, aged 67 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony and others)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (28 March 1849), 3

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 July 1849), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 7

THE news of the death of Mr. Julius Buddee will be received with sincere regret in musical circles. For many years he was esteemed in Melbourne as one of the first among teachers of the pianoforte, besides being recognised as a truly artistic performer of classical music. Failing health led him to remove to Sydney some four years ago, since which time he has held a high place among the professional musicians of this city. Growing weakness has been apparent for some time, but he was sufficiently well on Monday to continue teaching throughout the day, and the announcement of his decease at about 3 a.m. yesterday caused no less surprise than sorrow.

[News], The Argus (29 September 1890), 5

BUDGETT, Joseph (Joseph BUDGETT)

Musician, bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England, 26 April)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 4 February 1826 (for England)


Pay-list of the 3rd Regiment of Foot, from 25 December 1825 to 24 March 1826 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Privates . . . Budgett Jos'ph / Emb'd for Eng'd 4 Feb'y paid to 24 March & Transf'd to Reg'l Depot

Register of Chelsea pensioners, aged 40 in 1826; UK National Archives, WO 23/25 (PAYWALL)

[Regiment] 3d / [rate of pension] 1/2 / Joseph Budgett / [start pension] 1826 / [age] 40 / 1837 [age] 51 D[ied] / [service] 25 1/12 yrs / West Indes 6 10/12 yrs / [cause of debility] Worn-out

BUIST, David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner ("from John Broadwood's")

Born London, England, 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 February 1849 (per Walter Morrice, from London)
Died Stanmore, NSW, 26 October 1876, in his 71st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, William David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner

Died 14 November 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, Harry

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, George

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, Richard (? Harry)

Piano tuner


David Buist traded as "D. Buist and Sons", from 6 Bridge Street, from as early as 1852, with his eldest son William and another son Richard (? Harry) as partners.

Richard left the partnership in April 1855 and went into business by himself as a tuner; David and William continuing thereafter as "D. Buist and Son".

By October 1857 they had moved to 254 George Street, remaining there until after June 1862, relocating to 235 George Street by October 1862.

The firm was dissolved by the partners, David and his eldest son William, on 23 March 1874, after which William continued in business as "W. D. Buist".


New South Wales, List of immigrants per ship Walter Morrice, arrived 12 February 1849 (State Records NSW)

Buist, David, 42, Cabinet pianoforte maker, [native of] London; Ann, 42, wife, do.; Esther Ann, 20, Dressmaker, do.; William D., 18, Cabinet pianoforte maker, do.; Harry, 16, do., do.; George, 14, do., do.; [+ 3 more sons and 3 more daughters, aged 12 to 2]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1852), 1 

TO THE MUSICAL PUBLIC. D. BUIST AND SONS, Pianoforte Makers, Tuners, and Repairers, (sixteen years with Messrs. Broadwood and Sons,) No. 6, Bridge-street, beg to announce that they have on Sale some elegant and really superior PIANOFORTES . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1855), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1857), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1858), 1

Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED, CORNSTALK GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1859), 3

"ALARMING FIRE IN GEORGE STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1862), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1862), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1863), 5

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (3 October 1865), 3

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1866), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1874), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1876), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1888), 1

Musical publications (selected):

Good news from home ("Second Edition"; "As sung by Christie's Minstrels") (Sydney: D. Buist & Son's Pianoforte & Harmonium Warerooms, [? 1859-60]) 

Compare the almost identical first edition issued by Henry Marsh and Co. in 1859, followed by a Marsh "second edition" in November 1859)

The cornstalk galop ("Respectfully dedicated to his pupils, by Spagnoletti, R.A.") (Sydney: D. Buist and Son, [1859])

The cornstalk polka [Spagnoletti] ("as played every night at the Prince of Wales Theatre by Winterbottom's celebrated band") ([Sydney: D. Buist and Son, 1859]

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; "polka" probably a misprint for the above galop; c.f. the well-known Cornstalk polka by George Thornton)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 140-41 (DIGITISED)


Music class instructor

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1852


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (2 October 1852), 3 


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

. . . F. BULL (Pianoforte), Smith-St., Collingwood. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

BULLARD, Thomas Samuel

Warehousman, piano importer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Glebe, NSW, 13 April 1889, in his 89th year

BULLARD, William

Music seller, book seller

Died Randwick, 1917 (son of the above)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1855), 1 

PIANO, by Broadwood, for SALE, at half-price. A bargain; do not delay. T. S. BULLARD, 58, Clarence-street, opposite Wynyard-terrace.

BULL, James (James BULL)

Musician, bandsman, Band of the 99th Regiment

Active Hobart, TAS, and Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1853), 8 

ROWE'S AMERICAN CIRCUS. Grand Promenade Concert.
Saturday Evening, 12th November, 1853. Under the direction of Mr. Alfred Oakey.
In announcing to the inhabitants of Melbourne the first of a series of Saturday Evening Promenade Concerts, Mr. Rowe begs to state that he feels great confidence in submitting the Evening's Entertainments to his patrons . . .
The Monster Band will embrace all the available talent in Melbourne, assisted by several members of the Band of the 99th Regiment . . .
Cornet Primo and Saxe Clavicore - Mr. P. C. Burke.
Saxe Horn - Mr. Hore and Sons.
Clarionet Primo - Mr. R. Martin.
Clarionet Secondo - Mr. J. Bull.
Ophecleide - Mr. Wigney.
Trombone - Mr. Freeman . . .
Leader, Mr. Edward Tucker.
Conductor - Mr. Alfred Oakey . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (proprietor); Alfred Oakey (conductor); Edward Tucker (leader); Peter Constantine Burke (cornet); Joseph Hore and sons (musicians); Robert Martin (master, 99th band); Band of the 99th Regiment (military band); Rowe's American Circus (Melbourne venue)

BUNCE, Charlotte (Charlotte BUNCE; Mrs. James BUNCE)

Professor of Music, vocalist, teacher of piano and singing

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860s
Died Windsor, VIC, 9 August 1897, "a colonist of 58 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (14 August 1863), 2

. . . A new amateur presented himself [sic] last evening in the person of Mrs. James Bunce, who sang the beautiful and rather glowing song from Bishop Bid me discourse and sang it so well to be encored. Mrs. Bunce has long been known as an accomplished musician in private circles and her appearance in public last night proved that she has a faculty for pleasing a still larger circle.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (18 August 1863), 2

"CHRIST CHURCH ORGAN", The Star (15 November 1864), 2

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 44, 183

"PIANOS AND PIANISTS", The Ballarat Star (26 June 1888), 4 

. . . Mrs. Charlotte Bunce was a musician of sterling worth. Trained in the best Continental schools, it was something in those days to meet with so accomplished a woman. Adverse fortune and the loss of her husband forced her into the professional ranks, and for years she taught music and singing. Great brilliancy and a dashing style were her characteristics as a pianiste, with a truly artistic and sympathetic perception of the highest forms of music. In personal appearance she was exceedingly attractive; very tall and graceful, her every movement bespoke the true gentlewoman. She was also an accomplished linguist . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 August 1897), 1 

BUNCE. - On the 9th August, at her daughter's residence, Esca, Chomley-street, Windsor, Charlotte, relict of the late James Bunce, formerly of South Australia. A colonist of 58 years. Interred August 11.

BURBANK, Otto N. (Otto N. BURBANK; also Oscar BIRBANK)

Musician, minstrel serenader, delineator, dancer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Peoria, Illinois, USA, 13 February 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


After Australia:

[Advertisement], The Era (13 October 1861), 8 (PAYWALL)

The Best Entertainment in London.- Tbe following popular Vocalists appear every evening, viz.:
. . . . Immense succese of Oscar Birbank, the Mackney of Australia, assisted by Messrs. Warden and Collins.
Great excitement caused every evening by the youthful Blondin, Mister Alfred Corelli.
First appearance in England of the celebrated Comic Duet Vocalists, Mr. Newman and Miss Mortimer, from Australia.
Pianist, Mr. Saqui: Leader, Mr. S. Tute.

"THE LONDON MUSIC HALLS. WILTON'S", The Era (27 October 1861), 5 (PAYWALL)

The Eastern evening amusement-seekers night after night crowd this spacious Hall, and give ample proof that the entertainments gratify them to the full. In addition to former attractions, Mr. Wilton has produced a new feature in Miss Mortimer and Mr. Newman, who are designated "The Great Australian Duet Vocalists." Whether from Australia or not, is "neither here nor there." It is enough to know that they execute some charming melodies, marked by decided taste, and productive of very great effect . . . the famous Oscar Birbank [sic], aided by Messrs. Warden and Collins, create quite a furore in their [REDACTED] business . . .

"Figaro", The Lorgnette (13 June 1882), 2 

The death from quick consumption is announced of Mr. Otto Burbank, the well-known negro minstrel, who visited this colony with the Backus Minstrels, opening in Melbourne at Coppin's Olympic Theatre on the 3rd of December, 1855. Early in 1861 he left Australia for London and shortly after returned to his native country, America. He died at Peoria, Illinois, on the 18th [sic] of February last, after an illness of a few weeks.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Newman and wife (Miss Mortimer) (vocalists)

Musical resources:

Burbank's rattlesnake jig, Traditional tune archive's_Rattlesnake_Jig's_Rattlesnake_Jig 

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 72 

Otto Burbank was one of the best jig dancers in the early minstrel days, likewise a good comedian. He was prominently identified with some of the best minstrel organizations, notably Collins' "Christy" Minstrels, in London, England, in 1862. He died at Peoria, Ill., February 13, 1882.

BURDON, George

Musician, ininerant musician, band musician, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDl (TAS), 16 July 1837 (convict per Blenheim, from Woolwich)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by late 1850

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Fletcher


George Burdon, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377292; CON31/1/3$init=CON31-1-3p156 

"THE VAGRANT ACT", The Argus (12 December 1850), 2

Mr. Moor presided at the Police Court on Monday, and two or three cases under the Vagrant Act were brought before him. The first case was that of George Burdon, who was charged by Mr. Chief Constable Bloomfield with being a vagrant, having been fourteen days in Melbourne without having any other visible means of subsistence than that of going about from one public house to another playing "music" and asking alms. The defendant arrived from Van Diemen's Land in company with four others of the same stamp, who figured at the Collingwood election as "a band of musicians." When called upon to state how he obtained a living, Burdon said he brought about eight pounds with him from Van Diemen's Land, and that he had still three pounds left, that he was not aware that it was contrary to the law to play in public-houses; that he had been a fish hawker in Van Diemen's Land for ten years, and could produce many persons of respectability in Melbourne, who had known him in Launceston and Hobart Town; that he intended to follow the business of fish-hawker in Melbourne, and that he expected his brother, wife and family from Van Diemen's Land, with boats, masts, &c. Mr. Moor said he observed the man was described in the watch-house list as an "expiree," and he should like to know how the watch-house keeper had arrived at that conclusion. The watch-house keeper was conseqently sent for, and said that, although he had not asked the man any question upon the subject, he had no doubt whatever that he was an expiree, nor indeed could any man with the slightest experience of such characters be mistaken. Mr. Moor considered the watch-house keeper ought not to have put the man down as an expiree upon merely his own conclusions, and that however little doubt there might be on the subject, he ought at least to have asked the question, or ascertained the facts before having prejudiced the accused party by merely assuming that he was an expiree. The man admitted readily that he was an expiree; that he hoped he should be allowed another chance; that he intended to go to work and get an honest living. Mr. Moor then pointed out to him the third section of the Vagrant Act, which requires that persons having been prisoners in Van Diemen's Land should register their names within a week at most after their arrival here. The man said he would register himself at once, but the fact is that not a single register has been made since the Act was passed, and there is no book kept for the purpose, so lightly have the provisions of the Act been though of. Mr. Moor said people talked a great deal about convictism from Van Diemen's Land, but if the Act were enforced he thought it would in great measure put a stop to it. Mr. John Stephen said the Act had been disallowed. Mr. Moor replied that no official intimation of that assertion had been received, and until the Act had been officially disallowed it remained the law of the land. - The bench allowed the man "another chance." Another man named Charles Fletcher, one of the same sort as Burdon, was also charged with being a vagrant He admitted that music was his "profession." and that he had been brought up in it from infancy. He was cautioned in the same way as his friend had been, and discharged upon a distinct promise that he would eschew music for the rest of his life. There are several others of the same gang still at large who will be apprehended if they remain in town.


Alto vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1848


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (22 April 1858), 3 

. . . Mr. Burford's alto voice, though sweet, was unsuited to the place . . .

"SACRED CONCERT", Adelaide Times (7 September 1854), 3 

. . . We can only briefly refer to some of be more prominent features of this highly interesting entertainment, and amongst them we would mention as deserving of special praise the alto of Mr. Burford, which was eminently successful throughout . . .


Dancer, entertainer

BURGESS, Master (William BURGESS; Master BURGESS; Master Wm. BURGESS)

Juvenile vocalist, dancer

Active VIC, 1858-59; 1863-65


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1859), 1 

BURGESS, Joseph Bird

Violinist, orchestra leader, composer

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 19 June 1830
Married Margaret Susannah FOSTER (d. 1895), Bredhurst, Kent, England, 1 August 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 January 1853 (per Wandsworth, from London, 16 September 1852, aged 22)
Active Bendigo, VIC, by December 1855
Died Geelong, VIC, 20 March 1907, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 December 1855), 1 

GRAND OPENING BALL. WELLINGTON HOTEL. SEVENTH WHITE HILL, EPSOM . . . The Band will be under the direction of Mr. J. Burgess, late of Julien [Jullien's] Loden [? Loder's] Winterbottom's Band . . .

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (24 January 1856), 3

Sir - Will you be kind enough to allow me to correct an error that appeared in your issue of this morning, relative to my ball. The "Octavia Polka" was written by Mr. E. Salaman and not by me as you have stated. The "Casey Polka" was composed by me for the same occasion, and both Polkas were produced for the first lime, at the opening ball, Wellington Hotel, Epsom. Trusting you will excuse me for so far trespassing on your valuable space, I am. Sir. Yours obediently, JOSEPH BURGESS, Late of Mons. Jullien and Winterbottom's Bands. Epsom, 22nd Jan., 1856

"THE MASONIC BALL. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1859), 3

"OUR MUSICAL TALENT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 August 1859), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (21 March 1860), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 March 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (19 July 1870), 5

"NEW SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1870), 2

We have to acknowledge the receipt of the words and music of a new song, entitled " Rest, rest, thou gentle sea," composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama . . . We hear that two more songs of Mr Burgess' are in the hands of the publishers. He is also preparing a volume of his sacred compositions for the press, which is to be published by subscription.

[News], The Argus (11 November 1870), 5

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (25 March 1907), 5 

Many old colonists will regret to hear of the death of Mr. Joseph Bird Burgess, which occurred on Wednesday. Mr. Burgess, who arrived from England in the ship Wandsworth on 1st January, 1853, was a leading figure in the musical world of the infant settlement. In company with Herr Plock he contributed largely to the pleasure of the music-loving public of the Melbourne of those stirring times. In 1854 Mr. Burgess settled in Bendigo, joining Winterbotham's band, which catered so successfully for the old Bendigonians. Ten years later he removed to Echuca, where he made the acquaintance of many of the pioneer pastoralists of Riverina and the northern districts of Victoria. Mr. Burgess was also a musical composer of no mean merit.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1907), 6

Published works:

Rest, rest, thou gentle sea (new song, composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama) ([Melbourne: Paling, 1870])

The stars sink one by one from night (song; the poetry from the Dublin University Magazine) (Melbourne: Troedel, [1870]) 

A selection of sacred music (composed, arranged & dedicated to Viscount Canterbury, KCB, by Joseph Bird Burgess) (? London: Chappell & Co., [? 1875-6]) 

La belle Christine (by Joseph Bird Burgess) (London: Chappell & Co., [n.d.]) 

The Ulupna Schottische ([?]: [?], [?]) 


Organist, pianist, piano tuner

Active Goulburn, NSW, 1852


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (29 May 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (26 June 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1852), 1 

R. BURGESS, (Organist of St. Saviour's, Goulburn), TUNER and REPAIRER OF PIANOFORTES, begs leave respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Braidwood and its vicinity, that his engagements will call him to that district on the 2nd of August.
Parties requiring his services are requested to intimate the same by addressing to him at the Doncaster Inn, as his engagements will oblige him to leave Braidwood on the 5th.
R. B. begs leave to say, that his intention in visiting this district is to execute the necessary tuning and repairing, at a moderate charge.
Simon's Hotel. Goulburn, July 23.

"BRAIDWOOD", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 July 1852), 5 

BURGH, Henry (Henry de BURGH)

Amateur vocalist, pianist, composer

Born 1816
Arrived Perth, WA, 21 July 1841 (per James Matthews, from London)
Departed Perth, WA, 1846 (for England) Died 1876


"FREEMASONRY", The Perth Gazette (28 December 1844), 2

The intervals between the toasts were occupied by the performance of some choice music, amongst which was an original glee for four equal voices, written for the occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, who presided at the piano. This very able production was beautifully sung by the brethren.


The usual Masonic toasts were given, and cordially responded to, accompanied by some excellent songs and glees, performed by several of the Brethren, and appropriate to the sentiment of each; among the rest, a Masonic glee, composed expressly for this occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, and which is acknowledged on all hands to be a composition of very great musical merit. A very beautifully executed copy of this glee was presented to Brother Hutt, and as it is unquestionably worthy of publication in any part of the world, we look to have the pleasure of some day seeing it in print, when we are sure it will become a universal favourite among the brethren.

"WESTERN AUSTRALIA", Freemason's Quarterly Magazine (30 September 1845), 369

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

Bibliography and resources:

Henry de Burgh's Diary (28 March 1841-3 February 1844, from England to the Avon Valley, WA)

The Celtic Lodge, Edinburgh and Leith, No.291, Extract of Minutes 1841 - 1846

28th November 1846 . . . Bro The Honourable Henry Burgh, Naas, Ireland, 712 Western Australia Lodge was admitted an Honorary Member of the Celtic Lodge.

Note: For an earlier Masonic Glee. see 2 pages after 472

BURKE, Peter Constantine (Peter Constantine BURKE; P. C. BURKE)

Musician, professor of music (son of John Burke, A.R.A.M), pianist, piano tuner, cornet player

Born Drogheda, Ireland, c. 1831/5
Arrived Australia, 1853 (per Marco Polo)
Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1860
Died Laceby, VIC, 18 March 1901, "A colonist of 48 years", aged 65/69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BURKE, Peter Constantine, junior

Piano tuner, pianist, amateur vocalist

Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1894, later QLD


[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (16 October 1880), 2

Piano Tuner. - Mr P. C. Burke announces in our advertising columns that he intends visiting Hay about 23rd inst. He bears first class testimonials, and is confidently recommended by Nicholson and Ascherberg as an excellent tuner.

[News], Euroa Advertiser (13 May 1887), 2

"Marriages", The Argus (2 April 1891), 1

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (26 April 1894), 2

Mr. P. C. Burke, junr., piano tuner, announces that he is at present on his periodical round through Narandera, Coolamon, Junee, and the Wagga districts, and may be expected in this town shortly.

"WANGARATTA", Benalla Standard (22 March 1901), 3

The death occurred at Laceby on Monday morning of Mr. Peter C. Burke, at the age of 65 years. He was born at Drogheda, Ireland, being the only son of Mr. John Burke, A.R.A.M., professor of music. He came to the colony when he was 20 years old, and followed the profession of music. He was well known throughout the North-Eastern District as a piano forte tuner. He was a resident of Killawarra, where he has reared a large family of sons and daughters. He was well known in the Benalla district, where the news of his death was much regretted.

"DEATH OF MR. P. C. BURKE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 March 1901), 11 

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 March 1901), 1

"CONCERT AT THOONA", Benalla Standard (27 August 1907), 3

"MRS. P. C. BURKE", Benalla Standard (1 June 1909), 2 

The death is reported as having occurred at her residence, Wangaratta, on Thursday last of Mrs. P. C. Burke, at the age of 76 years . . . The late Mrs Burke, who was well known and highly respected in this and the Samaria district was born in Glasgow in 1833. In 1852, with her uncle Captain Gilfillan, and his widowed sister. she came to Victoria in the ship Progress and the next year she was married by the late Canon Handfield at St. Peter's Church Eastern Hill, to the late Mr. P. C. Burke who for twelve months followed his profession as a musician. Then, accompanied by his wire, he visited a number of gold rushes, and finally they settled at Beechworth. Mrs. Burke's husband predeceased her about eight years ago, and after his death Mrs. Burke and her daughter Miss Marie Burke, resided in Wangaratta, Mrs. Burke was the mother of ten children, five of whom are living, viz Mr. P. C. Burke, of Ideraway, Queensland . . . The deceased lady was noted for her kindly and cheerful disposition, and her unostentatious charity. She was a most attentive and kindly mother, and sympathy is tendered to the members of the family in their deprivation. The remains were interred in the Wangaratta cemetery on Saturday.

BURN, David (Edmund David BURN; David BURN; "Tasso Australasiatticus")

Playwright, songwriter

Born Scotland, c.1798/9
Active Australia 1826-29, 1830-36, 1841-45
Died North Shore, Auckland, NZ, 15 June 1875 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


David Burn - journal of a voyage from London to Hobart in the barque Calcutta (31 July to 22 November 1841), and journal (1 August 1844 to 19 February 1845); State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2 

Various references to music and musicians, military bands, church music, pianos, a fiddler (Dr. Munro, R.N.), a grand fancy ball (21 August 1844), as well as theatrical affairs, including mention (19 November 1844) of meeting "Mr. Griffiths, Mrs. Bushelle, and Madame Louise", and (18 February 1845) of an ememnded "song" he wrote out for Ann Ximenes, for Our first lieutenant

Plays, and fugitive pieces, in verse, by David Burn . . . vol. 1

Our first lieutenant and fugitive pieces, in prose, by David Burn . . . vol. 2

(Hobart Town: Printed by William Pratt; Published by S. A. Tegg, 1842)

Both volumes, copies at British Library, bound and digitised as one: 

Bibliography and resources:

D. H. Borchardt, "Burn, David (1799-1875)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966) 

BURNS, William (alias Edward BYRNE)

Singing teacher

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1865


"A CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), 2

"ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), s2

"CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", The Argus (23 October 1865), 6

BURNETT, George W.

Professor of music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1863


[Law reports], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1863), 5


Band sergeant (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Died Melbourne, VIC, 31 April 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 May 1857), 3

James Burnett, band sergeant of the 40th Regiment, died on Thursday morning from disease of the brain. The deceased, though comparatively a young man, served with the regiment at Candahar, Ghusnes, Cabul, and Maharajapore, and was decorated with a medal and bronze star.


Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


Musician, flute player, flautist

Born Ottery St Mary, Devon, England, 1862
Arrived Australia, 1875
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1937



[birth and death details provided by a family historian]

"BRISBANE LIEDERTAFEL CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (5 November 1885), 6

"MARRIAGES", The Brisbane Courier (4 January 1886), 1

"The Deutscher Club . . .", The Brisbane Courier (6 February 1888), 5

[News], The Queenslander (23 June 1888), 965

Mr. Frank Burrough, the well-known flute soloist of this city, has just accepted an engagement in the orchestra of the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition. We learn that Mr. Burrough does not intend returning to Brisbane; his departure will therefore create a gap in the musical circle which will not be readily filled.

"THE ORCHESTRA", The Argus (2 August 1888), 5s


Centennial Orchestra (player)


Schoolmaster, teacher of vocal music

Active Launceston, TAS, by February 1853
Died Warrnambool, VIC, 24 July 1881, aged 58


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1853), 87

MR. D. BURSTON. from St. John's College, Battersea, London, respectfully begs to inform the inhabitants of Launceston and its vicinity, that he will open the School Building situated in Franklin-street, on Monday next, the 31st January, to commence the following course of instruction to youth in the above-named locality;- Reading, Spelling, Writing, Dictation, Arithmetic, Composition, Grammar, Geography, Map Drawing, Vocal Music, (Sewing, Knitting and Marking, to girls) &c. Terms:- . . . An Evening Singing Class will be formed for Ladies and Gentlemen in the centre of the town as soon as the names of parties have been received, on Professor Hullah's, or the sol. fa. system. Terms, £1 1s. per quarter.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (21 April 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 June 1853), 6

"ST. JOHN'S SCHOOL", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (29 August 1857), 5

"WARRNAMBOOL", The Argus (26 July 1881), 6

"DEATHS", Illustrated Australian News (24 August 1881), 158

BURTON, Henry (Henry BURTON; alias Blythe WATERLAND)

Musician, vocalist (Waterland's Ethiopian Serenaders, &c), showman, circus performer, proprietor of Burton's Band

Born Lincolnshire, England, c. 1823
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 December 1849 (per Constant, from London)
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1850
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 9 March 1900, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (26 December 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 2

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1850), 1

"BLYTHE WATERLAND'S SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (29 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1850), 1

"MUDGEE", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1852), 3

Mr. Burton's band ably performed their part as musicians, relieved occasionally by some of the ladies, who sung, and played upon the piano to admiration. Mr. Nathan, from Sydney, likewise played and sung to the great delight of the company.

"THE CIRCUS", The Courier (5 May 1855), 3

The Circus in Murray-street will be opened on Monday evening next. The manager of the present troupe is Mr. Burton, already so well in in the colonies for the highly respectable and proper manner in which the performances under his management have been conducted. He is best known under his American cognomen, Blythe Waterland.

"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Tuesday. November 4. Before Dr. Walker, J.P., and Mr. Lachlan Macfarlane. J.P. Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same. Henry Burton, sworn, said the defendants, who had played for him in Victoria, were engaged by his agent to play for him in Adelaide and South Australia at £16 per week, their own terms (agreement put in and acknowledged). That the day before the Circus left Port Adelaide, after they had received their week's wages, £16 (receipt put in), they said they would not go into the country with witness, unless he paid them £3 per week extra. . . . The defendants were ordered to return to their duties and pay the costs, or to be committed to Gaol for one month. They paid the costs and promised to return to their duties.

"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (19 September 1859), 2

"DRAGGED", South Australian Register (22 November 1869), 2

"MR. HENRY BURTON, MR. ROBERT TAYLOR", Australian Town and Country Journal (11 July 1874), 24

Our first recollections of Mr. Burton's public life extend back some years. In 1847 he appeared professionally as Mazeppa in Cook's circus, in the city of Edinburgh . . . Mr. Burton's first connection with amusements in these colonies commenced in 1851, in which year he introduced the first company of serenaders, known as Blythe Waterland's Troupe . . . the name of Burton has been so intimately associated with circuses that it's only necessary to say that he has traversed the whole of the settled parts of the continent from Rockhampton on the north, to Adelaide on the west; and during his travels he has gone many thousands of miles by land and sea, and though he has met at times with serious reverses through impassable roads, drought, bad seasons, and all the other ills that can attend the Australian traveller, Mr. Burton has always merited the respect and patronage of the public, and has given over two thousand pounds to the charities of the colonies.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 March 1900), 1

"MR. HENRY BURTON", Bathurst Free Press (19 March 1900), 3

MR. HENRY BURTON, who was well-known in the early days as the proprietor of Burton's Circus, died at the Dramatic Homes on March 9, and was buried in the St. Kilda Cemetery. Mr. Burton, at one period of his life, had become fairly wealthy, and in his opulence he acquired quite a reputation for his extensive charities. He afterwards met with reverses (says a Melbourne paper), and about eighteen months ago found shelter in the institution for which he himself had done so much.

Bibliography and resources:

Ruth Teale, "Burton, Henry (1823-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Mark St. Leon, "Theatre, amphitheatre and circus in Sydney, 1833-60", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 97/2 (2011), 220-43 (PAYWALL) 

BUSH, James (James BUSH; Mr. BUSH)

Pianist, piano player

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1859


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1857), 8 

GEELONG MUSIC HALL, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel. -
Great Success of Miss MORTIMER, the eminent Soprano.
. . . Miss FITZGERALD, the celebrated Irish Ballad Singer, will appear nightly.
. . . Mr. NEWMAN, the unrivalled Comic Singer, will open his Budget of Comicalities.
. . . Miss SUNDERLAND in favourite sentimental songs.
. . . Mr. WILLIAMS will make an appearance in his Shakspearian comicalities.
. . . Miss MORTIMER and NEWMAN their side-splitting deeds [? duets].
Mons. Greno, Violinist. Master Bush, the Colonial Wonder, Pianist.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 April 1858), 8 

The following talented artistes appear every evening:-
Mrs. Newman, the much noticed soprano; Mr. Newman, comic vocalist;
Master Burges, tenor singer; Mr. Anderson, the Highland dancer.
Pianist, Mr. Bush. Manager, Mr. F. George.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 March 1859), 1 

TO SEE JOHNNY BURGESS, Dance, acknowledged, without doubt, the Greatest Dancer in the World.
MR. SHARP, Stands Unrivalled as a Banjoist.
MR. J. A. PICCO, The Australian Paganini, and Soloist on various Instruments.
MASTER BURGESS, Still gains Laurels as a Juvenile Vocalist.
Pianist - MR. BUSH.
Leader - Mr. J. A. Picco.
Admission Free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Johnny Burgess (dancer); Henry Sharp (banjo); J. A. Picco (multi-instrumentalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1859), 1 

"THE GLASS BLOWERS", Bendigo Advertiser (14 November 1868), 2 

BUSHELL, Rebecca


Born c. 1821
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1840 (per Thirteen)
Died West Hindmarsh, SA, 8 December 1893, in her 73rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATH OF MRS. BUSHELL", The Advertiser (11 December 1893), 5 

Mrs. Rebecca Bushell, one of the oldest residents of Hindmarsh, and at one time prominent vocalist in Adelaide, died on Friday at her residence, West Hindmarsh in her 73rd year, after a long illness. The deceased lady, who was highly respected, was the relict of the late Mr. John Waller Bushell whose father (Mr. John Farr Bushell) was an officer on board the Defiance under Lord Nelson at Trafalgar. Mrs. Bushell arrived in South Australia with her husband in the brig Thirteen on June 13, 1840, after a voyage of six months. She was a leading soprano in the Adelaide Philharmonic Society many years ago. For several years she resided at what is now known as the St. Joseph's Convent, Brompton, and for a considerable time has been a resident at West Hindmarsh, nearly the whole of her colonial life being spent in what is now known as the town of Hindmarsh. Her remains were buried the Hindmarsh Cemetery on Saturday afternoon, when a good number of persons, including some old colonists, assembled to pay their last token of respect to the deceased lady . . .



BUSHELLE, John (senior)

BUSHELLE, John Butler (junior)

BUSHELLE, Tobias Vincent

See main entry

Eliza and John Bushelle and family

BUTLER, Madame (Mrs. William Butler DAVIS; Madame BUTLER; Madame Butler DAVIS) = Emily Geraldine DAVIS


BYERS, James Lucas (James Lucas BYERS; J. L. BYERS)

Actor, manager

Active c. 1850s-90s

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Hudson (actor, wife)


"NEW INSOLVENTS", Otago Daily Times [NZ] (29 July 1878), 2 

BYRNE, Mrs. (Mrs. BYRNE)


Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


"CHRISTMAS EVE IN SANDHURST", Bendigo Advertiser (27 December 1858), 3 

. . . In the "Victoria" we listened with pleasure to the singing of Mrs. Byrne and Master Burgess. The former sang tastefully, and was encored by a crowded audience; Master Burgess sang some of Russell's melodies in a style that would have earned fame for an older and much more experienced performer. The presiding genius, at the piano accompanied the vocalists efficiently . . .

BYRNE, George (alias)

Violinist, musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (27 September 1856), 6

"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (30 September 1856), 5

"A TWO FOOTED BEAST", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1856), 3

The person described on the charge sheet, under the assumed name of George Byrne, but who is really a German, and one of the first violinists in the colony, and who was convicted at the City Police Court on Friday, of grossly indecent conduct towards two girls attending the Collingwood National Schools, was again brought up on Saturday. The prisoner had been remanded in consequence of it being understood that there were several more cases against him . . .

BYRNE, Stephen

Trombonist (honorary secretary, Hallas's Band), printer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1860


"MUNICIPAL POLICE COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (15 May 1860), 2

"PRESENTATION TO CAPTAIN SKENE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1863), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (18 November 1865), 2

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