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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Be-Bez)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this :

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Be-Bez)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 15 April 2024

- B - ( Be - Bez ) -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in October 2022, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to the end of 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.

BEALE, Octavius (Octavius Charles BEALE; Octavius BEALE)

Pianoforte maker, piano manufacturer

Born Mountmellick, Laois, Ireland, 23 February 1850; son of Joseph BEALE and Margaret DAVIS
Arrived Hobart, TAS, December 1854
Died Stroud, NSW, 16 December 1930 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)


BEAR, Master (Master BEAR)

Vocalist, actor

Active Adelaide, SA, 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times [SA] (20 August 1853), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . First appearance of Master Bear.
BENEFIT OF MR. RADFORD. Monday, 22nd August . . .
COMIC PAS DE TROIS - Messrs. Buckingham, Newson, and Rainsforth.
SONG - Ship on Fire - Troy Knight.
SONG - I'll be a Gypsy - Master Bear . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Troy Knight (actor, vocalist, manager); Edward Buckingham (dancer, actor); Frederick Newson (dancer, vocalist, actor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Adelaide venue)

MUSIC: I'd be a gypsy [sic] (music by James Ernest Perring)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 August 1853), 2 

The ladies and gentlemen of Adelaide are respectfully informed that Troy Knight has taken the above Theatre for 10 nights, and trusts that, with proper arrangement, this popular place of amusement will again flourish under his management. On Tuesday Evening the performances will commence with the BOTTLE IMP - Willibald, Troy Knight.
INTERLUDE. Comic Dance, Mr. Buckingham; "Room Enough for all" Troy Knight; "Torrens River," Mr. Newson;
"I'll be a Gipsy," Master Bear; [REDACTED] Melody - "Cum back and Carry de Banjo," Troy Knight.
To conclude with the WATERMAN - Tom Tug, with the Songs . . . Troy Knight . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 September 1853), 4 

his BENEFIT is lixed for TUESDAY, SEPT. 20 . . .
Comic Song - Mr. Johnson, from Vauxhall.
Highland Fling - Mr. Newson.
Song - Miss La Roche.
Comic Pas Seul - E. Buckingham.
Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Master Bear . . .

MUSIC: Thou art gone from my gaze (George Linley)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 September 1853), 2 

PORT ADELAIDE THEATRE. Steeplechase Night, Wednesday, 21st September,
the New Adelaide Company will perform the Historical Play, in three acts, entitled JACK SHEPPARD . . .
Darling Ould Stick, Mr. Newson; Song - Cavalier, Miss La Roche; Comic Dance, Mr. E. Buckingham;
Song - Maniac, Troy Knight; Song - Ben Bolt, Master Bear . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss La Roche (vocalist, actor); Port Adelaide Theatre (venue)

MUSIC: Ben Bolt (song)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (11 October 1853), 3 

FIRST time of UNCLE TOM'S CABIN, Dramatized expressly for this Theatre by a gentleman of the Colony.
This Evening, Tuesday, October 11 . . .
Mr. Shelby - Mr. Rainsforth. George Shelby - Master Bear.
John Haley (a slave trader) - Mr. Newson . . . UNCLE TOM (slave to Mr. Shelby) - Troy Knight . . .
Eliza (slave to Mrs. Shelby, wife to George Harris) - Miss La Roche . . .

BEARD, Thomas William (Thomas William BEARD; T. W. BEARD; Mr. BEARD)

Musician, professor of music, pianist, organist, bandmaster, composer, arranger

Born Ipstones, Staffordshire, England, 1839; baptised Ipstones, 17 November 1839; son of William BEARD and Hannah RATCLIFFE
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1863 (per Arabian, from Liverpool)
Married (1) Marion PIERCY, Maryborough, VIC, 20 October 1864
Married (2) Jane Harriet ALLEN, VIC, 1875
Died Maryborough, VIC, 1885, aged "41" [sic] (BDM VIC 5616/1885) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



England census, 1861, Ipstones, Staffordshire; UK National Archives, RG9/1951/122/13 (PAYWALL)

High Street / William Beard / Head / Mar. / 55 / Auctioneer / [born] Staff. Ipstones
Hannah / Wife / 55 / - / [born] [Staff.] Cauldon
Walter Henry / Son / Unm. / 25 / Printer / [born] Staff. Ipstones
Thomas William / Son / 21 / Unm. / Professor of Music /[born] Staff. Ipstones Andrew James / Son / 13 / [Professor of Music] [sic] / [born] Staff. Ipstones

ASSOCIATIONS: William and Hannah married at Cauldon in 1831; Andrew James Beard (1848-1936), professor of music

Names and descriptions of passengers per Arabian from Liverpool, 23 January 1863, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Thomas Beard / 24 . . .

[Advertisement], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser [VIC] (11 September 1863), 5 

Organ, Pianoforte, and Harmonium.
N.B. - Arrangements for Brass Bands, and Tuition for the same, can be bad by applying to
T. W. Beard, Professor of Music, GOLDEN AGE HOTEL, MARYBOROUGH.

[News], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (2 November 1863), 2 

An entertainment given by Mr. C. Toutcher, at the Golden Age Hall, for the funds of the Mechanics' Institute, was, in spite of the very bad weather well attended on Friday evening. It was called a lecture on "Ireland and the Irish," but in reality as Mr. Toutcher wished it to be understood, it comprised a series of characteristic anecdotes, interspersed pretty plentifully with capital songs . . . A comic song and a small oration on the "any oder man" model were interpolated by Mr. Maxey, the "bones" of the Campbell Minstrels, who had been left behind by his brethren on account of ill health, and, although an omission was made in acknowledging the excellent accompaniments by Mr. T. W. Beard, on the pianoforte, we have to speak of them, as did the audience, in terms of the praise . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Paul Maxey (vocalist, bones); Campbell Minstrels (troupe)

[News], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (18 November 1863), 2 

Monday, the third day of the Bazaar for the Presbyterian Church, Maryborough, realised the hopes of the most sanguine as to its success . . . We should not fail to recognise the very efficient services of Mr. T. W. Beard, Mons. Boullemier, and Mr. Walker, in the musical department . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anthony Boullemier (musician)

[News], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (22 April 1864), 2 

. . . We omitted to say, that by no means the least attractive feature of a visit to the bazaar, is the admirable pianoforte playing of Mr T. W. Beard, our local professor of music.

[News], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (18 July 1864), 2 

The opening performance of the resuscitated Garrick Club took place, according to announcement, at the "Golden Age" on Friday evening . . . [between the plays] The concert was a meritorious success. It opened with the overture to Il Barbiere de Seviglia, by Messrs. Beard (piano), Boullemier (violin), and Walker (violoncello), which, as an exhibition of musical skill, was beyond all praise. Mrs. O'Leary, who was in excellent voice, sang "Molly Asthore" very sweetly, and was rapturously encored. Mr. Walker then gave an adaptation of Lord Byron's lines, "Scenes of my Childhood" (set to music by Mr. T. W. Beard), in his usual happy style . . .

"MARYBOROUGH BOROUGH COUNCIL . . . CORRESPONDENCE", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (26 April 1865), 2 

. . . From T. W. Beard, bandmaster, in reference to the condition of the Orderly room, in which the band practice, asking the Council to make a few requisite repairs. They had had an offer of the schoolhouse from Rev. Mr. Brennan, but preferred to remain where they were, if the building were put in a proper condition . . .

[News], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (18 October 1865), 2 

By the last English mail the Volunteer Brass Band received a considerable parcel of music for the use of the performers, consisting principally of dance music, by the most eminent composers. During the but few weeks the band has been indefatigable in practising new pieces, and under the painstaking direction of Mr Beard, has arrived at a very creditable state of proficiency. As the time for al fresco amusements is now rapidly approaching, we hope soon to hear of the band again putting in a public appearance.

Petition for divorce, Beard v. Beard and Smith, 1874-75; Public Records Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

In the matter of Thomas William Beard of Maryborough in the Colony of Victoria Professor of Music and Marion Beard his wife formerly Marion Piercy . . .
The Petition of Thomas William Beard sheweth
1. Your petition was married to the said Marion Piercy at Maryborough . . . on the [20 October 1864].
2. Your Petitioner is of the age of thirty five years was born at Ipstones near Cheadle in Staffordshire in England and now resides at Maryborough . . . and his wife is of the age of twenty seven years was born at Birmingham in England and now resides at Castlemaine . . .
4. There have been three children born since the said marriage . . . Walter Henry [b. Maryborough, 17 January 1866] . . . Hannah [b. Maryborough, 24 March 1867, d. 7 May 1867] . . . Thomas William [b. Maryborough, 24 February 1868] . . .
5. That your petitioned resided and cohabited with said Marion Beard . . . up to the [31 May 1874]
6. Your Petitioner's said wife about the year [1867] began to get fond of drink . . . and to enable her to get drink she would forge your Petitioner's name to Orders for Drapery, Groceries, Butcher's meat and other things and sell what she got in such orders for drink . . . wife's conduct got worse and worse . . . About the year [1871] your Petitioner having had to consult a Doctor for the Venereal disease . . . I purchased a lot of furniture for the house but a few weeks afterwards . . . your Petitioner found that most of the articles so recently purchased had been taken from the home by his said wife for the purpose of purchasing drink . . .
8. Your Petitioner was informed that his said wife was on [21 and 22 September 1874] at Chinaman's Camp Castlemaine living under the name of Marion Pearson at a Brothel there and was then seen in bed with a man called Bob.
9. On the [15 November 1874] Your Petitioner's said wife was seen in bed with the Co-respondent [James Smith] . . .

"MR. N. HALLAS", Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (12 November 1879), 2 

he Maryborough Advertiser mentions that the streets of Maryborough presented quite an animated air on Saturday evening, there being a larger number than usual of promenaders, all of whom greatly appreciated the music which Mr. Beard and his band discoursed from the McIvor balcony. Mr. Nat. Hallas, the celebrated cornet soloist, gave his assistance, which was noticeable in all the airs played.

ASSOCIATIONS: Nathaniel Hallas (cornet)

"MARYBOROUGH (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Monday, 23rd June", Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (24 June 1884), 3 

. . . At the police court this afternoon, Thomas W. Beard, a well-known professor of music, was ordered to be sent to the Kew Asylum, as a lunatic . . .


1 or 2 musicians, teacher of music, violin, viola and violoncello

Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, 1852-53 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (5 June 1852), 2

WILL take place on Saturday, June 5, 1852, at the Mechanics' Institute, Collins-street.
PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. TESTAR, Mr. St. George Hamilton, Mr. Charles Walsh;
Messrs. Buddee, Megson, Reed, Cooze, Harwood, and Thompson, Herr Huenerbein,
Messrs. Osborne and Wheeler, Herr Zeigler, Mons. Lavrance,
Messrs. Jenkins, Cossac, Cobbin, Beattie, and Barnard;
Assisted by the most powerful band ever concentrated in Victoria.
PROGRAMME: PART I. Overture - Il Don Giovanni - Mozart . . .
Waltz - Die Schoenbrunner, Band - Lamer [Lanner] . . .
Quadrille - English, Band - Jullien
PART II. Overture - La Dame Blanche, Band - Boildieu . . .
Polka- Elephant, (as performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane) - Jullien - Band . . .
Final - Rule Britannia . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Albert Frederic Mater (musician); Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Mr. St. George Hamilton (vocalist); Charles Walsh (vocalist); Julius Buddee (musician); Joseph Megson (musician); Thomas Reed (musician); William Joseph Cooze (vocalist, musician); William Harward (musician); John Charles Thompson (musician); August Christian Huenerbein (musician); Ferdinand Osborne (musician); Stephen Thomas Wheeler (musician); Charles Ziegler (musician); Mons. Lavrance (musician); William Richard Cobbin (musician); Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald [NSW] (30 December 1852), 1

MUSIC. MR. BEATTIE, Teacher of Music, of the modern school,
from the best authors in the world; Teacher of the Violin, Viola, and Violoncello.
First quarter to commence 3rd of January, 1853.
Terms - Three guineas per quarter, three lessons, per week.
- Music provided for dancing or any parties.
At JOHN CLARK'S, Esq., 189, Elizabeth-street, Sydney.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Clark (dancing master)



Departed Sydney, NSW, May 1844 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1844), 3 

MR. COPPIN begs most respectfully to inform the visitors of his Saloon that MR. BEATY will take leave of his friends
THIS EVENING, May 18, 1844, (previous to his departure for England, per Penyard Park,)
upon which occasion he will sing many of his popular song, duets glees, &c.,
assisted by Messrs. Fillmore, Falchon, Phillips, Jim Brown, &c. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (proprietor); Arthur Falchon (vocalist); Henry William Fillmore (pianist); S. Phillips (vocalist)


Actors, comedian, theatrical scene painter

Born c. 1820-22
Active Geelong, VIC, by October 1852
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, May 1853 (per Emma Prescott from Melbourne, 23 May) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer [VIC] (9 October 1852), 2 

THE SEA; OR, THE OCEAN CHILD . . . . Old Curious (steward to Sir Arthur) - Mr. Beauchamp (his first appearance) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

[Advertisement], Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania [Hobart, TAS] (7 May 1853), 2 

Royal Victoria Theatre. THE LESSEES have much pleasure in announcing to the Public, that the alterations and improvements are so far completed as to enable them to state that the opening night is fixed Wed[nes]day Evening, the 23rd instant.
The Corps Dramatique at present consists of the following Ladies and Gentlemen . . .
. . . Mrs. BEAUCHAMP - Geelong Theatre . . . Mr. BEAUCHAMP - Geelong Theatre . . .
F. B. WATSON, Acting-manager. G. ARABIN, Stage-manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Feltham Bold Watson (actor, manager, proprietor); Gustavus Arabin (actor, manager); Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

Names and descriptions of passengers per Emma Prescott from Melbourne, 23 May 1853, for Hobart Town; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . J. A. Elmer / 42 // Wife & Ch'd / 30 / [male] 9
J. C. Thomson / 33 // Wife & child / 21 / [female] 2
Rob't Beauchamp / 32 // Wife & 4 ch'd / 30 / [male] 11, 4, 2, [female] 6 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Adam Elmar and wife (actors); John Charles Thompson (musician); the party hired in Melbourne by an agent named Warner for the Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

"POLICE COURT. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29 . . . A CASE OF THEATRICALS. Davis v. Beauchamp", The Hobart Town Advertiser [TAS] (30 June 1853), 2 

The hearing of this case attracted a crowded auditory, among whom were the principal members of the corps dramatique now in Hobart Town. Mr. John Davies, on behalf of himself and Mr. Watson, Lessees of the Victoria Theatre, complained of Robert Beauchamp, one of the Victoria Theatre performers, setting forth that the said Robert Beauchamp, being hired and engaged by the complainant, did on the 27th June, absent himself from his service, before the termination of his contract . . .
Mr. Davies, being sworn, deposed to the following effect: -
The defendant and his wife were engaged at £4 a week, Mrs. Beauchamp to act, and defendant to perform and assist in scene painting. Notice was given annul that contract, but on Saturday last he agreed to an engagement to act and assist in scene painting at £2 a week. Cross-examined by Mr. Macdowell - He was not engaged as a comedian; we engage no parties in our theatre as comedians; they are engaged for general utility - (a laugh) . . . A person named Warner at Melbourne was our agent. An agreement, in writing, between Mr. Warner, the Melbourne agent, and defendant, here shown to the witness . . . Our agent exceeded our instructions first in allowing defendant's salary to take a retrospective effect; secondly, in giving Mr. and Mrs. Beauchamp a free passage to this colony, instead of binding them to repay us, as instructed; and, thirdly, for giving passages to Mr. Beauchamp's four children, contrary to our intentions. All the company we brought to this colony were bound to repay us by small instalments, if we demanded it; the agent exceeded his nuthority, also, in engaging Mr. and Mrs. Elmer, and Mr. and Mrs. Beauchamp; we only intending either one or the other to be engaged; we entered into a new agreement with defendant shortly alter he arrived; he did not go on the stage in Hobart Town before the new arrangement was made; yes, he first played to see what he was worth (a laugh), and we then told him we would give him the salary; after his wife had performed once or twice, we found her of no use to us . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Davies (lessee); Feltham Bold Watson (lessee)

? "BALLARAT (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) . . . April 27", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (28 April 1855), 5 

The collection in favour of the Lalor Fund is progressing favorably, and a benefit at the Adelphi Theatre has been volunteered for the gallant citizen soldier, whose arm, uplifted in defence of constitutional liberty and the rights of freemen, was smitten down by the last spasmodic attempt to wield the sword of a cruel yet petty despotism. Monday night, the 30th April, has been appointed for this benefit to come off . . . Sheridan's splendid play of "Rolla" has been selected, and some of the best musical talent in the colony will be forthcoming, viz.: - Mrs. Creed Royal, Mr. Thatcher and Mr. Creed Royal, as well as some amateurs, amongst whom Signor Rafaello, the late State prisoner, will sing the Marsellaise, and the evening's entertainments will wind up with the humorous afterpiece of "My Neighbor's Wife," in which Mrs. Ray, Mrs. Beauchamp, and Mrs. Palmer will appear . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Peter Lalor (patriot); Mary and Creed Royal (vocalist and flautist); Charles Thatcher (vocalist); Raffaello Carboni (vocalist)

BEAUMONT FAMILY (shareable link to this entry)

BEAUMONT, Sarah Hannah (Sarah Hannah BEAUMONT; Mrs. John Henry FOX; Mrs. J. H. FOX; Mrs. FOX) see main entry Sarah Hannah FOX

Musician, contralto, mezzo-soprano, soprano vocalist

Born Norfolk, England, 1838; baptised 16 December 1838, Ingham; daughter of Edward BEAUMONT (1807-1880) and Hannah LACK (1813-1889)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 18 August 1848 (per Cheapside, from Plymouth, 21 May)
Married John Henry FOX (1830-1903), Melbourne, VIC, 1856
Died North Melbourne, VIC, 17 June 1913, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Musician, tenor vocalist

Born Norfolk, England, 15 December 1840 [not 1842]; baptised Ingham, Norfolk, England, 27 December 1840; son of Edward BEAUMONT (1807-1880) and Hannah LACK (1813-1889)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 18 August 1848 (per Cheapside, from Plymouth, 21 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 August 1868 (per Alexander Duthie, for San Francisco)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1870 (per Jean Pierre, from San Francisco, 4 January)
Died North Melbourne, VIC, 17 July 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Musician, vocalist, conductor

Born Norfolk, England, 1 August 1843; baptised Horsham St. Faith, 17 September 1843; son of Edward BEAUMONT (1807-1880) and Hannah LACK (1813-1889)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 18 August 1848 (per Cheapside, from Plymouth, 21 May)
Married Sarah Lillias ALLAN, Melbourne, VIC, 4 November 1868
Died North Melbourne, VIC, 17 May 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BEAUMONT, Mary Sophia (Mary Sophia BEAUMONT; Miss BEAUMONT; Mrs. William SCHAW)

Musician, vocalist

Born Norfolk, England, 1845; baptised Horsham St. Faith, 10 August 1845; daughter of Edward BEAUMONT (1807-1880) and Hannah LACK (1813-1889)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 18 August 1848 (per Cheapside, from Plymouth, 21 May)
Married William SCHAW (1843-1921), Carlton, VIC, 28 July 1866
Died Sacramento, USA, 19 October 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Armes Beaumont, ? c. 1862; National Library of Australia (detail)

Armes Beaumont, ? c. early 1860s; National Library of Australia (detail) (DIGITISED)


Most of the Beaumonts' careers falling after the focus period of this site, the main purpose here is to document their early appearances, and to register specific information on births, arrival, marriages, and deaths. In particular, the date of Edward Armes Beaumont's birth can be reliably corrected to 15 December 1840 (not 1842).

Note also the erroneous reports of Armes's death in 1863 and 1869.


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Ingham in the County of Norfolk in the year 1838; register 1813-78, page 43; Norfolk Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 343 / Dec'r 16th / Sarah Hannah / D'r of / Edward & Hannah / Beaumont / Ingham / Farrier . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Ingham in the County of Norfolk in the year 1840; register 1813-78, page 48; Norfolk Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 377 / 1840 Dec'r 27th / Edward Armes Son of / Edward & Hannah / Beaumont / Ingham / Cow [?] . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Horsham St. Faith in the County of Norfolk in the Year 1843; register 1813-47, page 159; Norfolk Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1269 / Daniel Abraham Son of / Edward & Hannah late Lack / Beaumont / Horsham St. Faith / Farrier . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Horsham St. Faith in the County of Norfolk in the Year 1845; transcript, page 168; Norwich Record Office (PAYWALL)

No. 1341 / August 10th / Mary Sophia dau'r of / Edward & Hannah late Lack / Beaumont / Horsham St. Faith / Farrier . . .

England census, 6/7 June 1841, Ingham, Norfolk; UK National Archives, HO107/775/21/5/6/6 (PAYWALL)

Edward Beaumont / 30 / Farrier // Hannah / 25 // Ann Elizabeth / 4 // Sarah / 2 // Edward / 5 months / [all born in county]

Nominal list of emigrants per the ship Cheapside, from Plymouth, 21 May 1848, for Port Phillip, 18 August 1848; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Beaumont Edward / Farrier / 40 // Hannah / Wife //
Anne / 12 // Hannah / 10 // Edward / 8 // Daniel / 6 // Sophia / 4 // Christina / Inf.

Australia (from 1848):

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (26 December 1857), 4 

The performance of Handel's "Messiah," on Thursday night, may be pronounced at least as satisfactory in its general effect and results as any previous effort of the Philharmonic Society. The Exhibition Building was filled, both on the ground-floor and in the galleries, and the audience were evidently well pleased with the work and its execution. The principal solo performers were Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Hancock, Mrs. Fox, and Messrs. Ewart and Farquharson . . . Mrs. Fox sang the air "Thou didst not leave his soul in Hell," in a style which elicited marked approbation . . . The band and chorus were in good order, though some few portions of the music allotted to the latter were taken too slowly. We must again protest against the unpleasant practice which Mr. Russell occasionally falls into of too audibly marking the time with his baton . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalist); Thomas Ewart (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (vocalist); John Russell (conductor); Melbourne Philharmonic Society (association); Exhibition Building (venue)

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOIREE", The Age (30 December 1859), 5

The soiree in connection with the Melbourne Philharmonic Society was held in the Exhibition Building last evening, and was in every respect a most agreeable and successful affair. The idea of a tea party, blended with a musical entertainment, was fully sustained . . . The artistic entertainment which succeeded was equally satisfactory, and being for the most part of a non professional character, courtesy forbids us to make it the subject of criticism. The audience had not, however, any cause to regret the absence of their professional favorites, and while such amateurs are available among its own ranks, the members and their friends need never be at a loss for the means of spending an agreeable evening. We content ourselves with subjoining the programme without further remark: - "The Chough and Crow," chorus; "The Sailor's Grave," Mr. E. Beaumont; "When the Silver Moon," Miss Bailey; "Mrs. Watkins's Party," Mr. Farquharson, and on being encored, "The Tight Little Island;" "A Dream of joy," Mrs. Batten; "The Syren and Friar," Miss Mortley and Mr. C. Blanchard; "Truth in absence," Mrs. Fox; "Molly astore," Miss Hamilton; "Bridesmaids' Chorus." chorus; "The Blind Girl to her Harp," Miss S. Mortley; "Phoebe Morel," Miss B. Watson; "Lay of the Bell," Miss Bailey and Mr. Donaldson; "Erin is my home," Mrs. Hancock; "Huntsman's Chorus," chorus.

ASSOCIATIONS: Amelia Bailey (vocalist); Mrs. Batten (vocalist); Sarah Mortley (vocalist); Charles Blanchard (vocalist); Bertha Watson (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 May 1860), 8 

MUSICAL UNION. "The CREATION" Will be performed on THURSDAY NEXT At the George-street Chapel, Fitzroy.
Principal Vocalists: MISS OCTAVIA HAMILTON, Mr. Beaumont, Mr. S. Angus, Mr. Juniper.
Conductor - Mr. G. Pringle. Principal Violin - Mr. A. J. Leslie.
Reserved Seats, 3s.; Unreserved, 2s.; Gallery 1s.
MUSICAL UNION, Fitzroy. - GRAND CHORAL REHEARSAL THIS EVENING, in the National Hall, King William-street, Brunswick-street . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Silvanus Angus (vocalist); William Juniper (vocalist); George Robert Grant Pringle (conductor); Alexander John Leslie (violin, leader); Thomas Ford (secretary); Musical Union (association)

[News], The Argus (11 May 1860), 5

The members of the newly-formed Fitzroy Musical Union gave their first concert last evening, at George-street chapel, George-street, before a very numerous audience, and with an amount of success, all things considered, which does them much credit. Haydn's "Creation" was the oratorio selected for performance, and, with the exception of Miss Octavia Hamilton, and a few professional instrumentalists, the members ventured upon the task relying solely on their own resources. The result evidenced careful organization and rehearsal . . . The tenor music was alloted [sic] to Mr. Beaumont, a young singer of no great style or power of voice, but with qualities which culture will develops into usefulness. He gave the air, "In native worth", with a good deal of sweetness and expression, and was most deservedly encored . . . The trio, "On Thee each living soul," by Miss Hamilton and Messrs. Beaumont and Angus, was beautifully sung . . . We must not omit, however, a word of praise to the violincello modulation of Mr. Reed, in the air, "In Native worth;" nor was the flute accompaniment wanting in merit. Altogether much praise is due to the society, and to Mr. Pringle, the conductor, and former organist of the Philharmonic Society, for the care bestowed upon its organization; and we look forward with pleasure to the developement of its future career.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reed (cello)

"THE MUSICAL UNION", The Age (11 May 1860), 5 

. . . To Miss Hamilton was assigned the soprano passages, which she sung with much sweetness and excellent effect. Her "With Ver dure Clad," narrowly escaped an encore. This compliment was paid to Mr. Beaumont, who did wonders in the great tenor solo "In Native Worth." This young gentleman only needs assiduous practice to make him valuable to the society as a solo singer . . .

[News], The Argus (5 October 1860), 4

The concert given by the Fitzroy Musical Union last night, in the Exhibition Building in aid of the Ladies' Industrial Home, was, in every point of view, a brilliant success. The audience was one of the largest we have seen . . . The programme, which was in two parts, comprised the "Spring" and "Summer" of Haydn's "The Seasons," and the famous "Lobgesang," or "Hymn of Praise" of Mendelssohn, which was performed in a manner that must henceforth secure for the Musical Union a first place in the estimation of the public. Mr. Pringle, on this this occasion, for the first time conducted an Exhibition Building Concert . . . Mr. Beaumont, a very young man, made a good, impression in most that he [? attempted]. His voice, without being powerful, and without at present possessing any great amount [? of power] is sweet and of pure quality. He sings [?] and care, and, with more expression, [?] a valuable acquisition to our rather [? meagre supply of ] acceptable tenors . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (28 December 1860), 2 

The usual annual performance of the "Messiah" by the Geelong Harmonic Society, takes place to-night . . . Miss Bailey, who surprised and delighted many of the audience on the occasion of her performing the Mass and Samson a few weeks since, will take the Soprano; tenor, Mr. Beaumont; contralto, Master Cooke, who sang the solos in the Messiah, in Melbourne, on Monday last, will also assist; and with our local basso, Mr. Hinchcliff . . . we are certain the concert will be as successful a one as the society have ever given. The band and chorus will be supplemented by several Melbourne professionals and amateurs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Cook (vocalist); John Hinchcliff (vocalist); Geelong Harmonic Society (association)

[News], The Argus (12 March 1861), 4 

Simple and unpretending as the materials at Mr. Wray's disposal ordinarily are, he generally contrives to give an agreeable entertainment, and the benefit concert to the "Littles Nightingales" at the Mechanics' Institute last night was no exception to the remark. The hall was well attended by a fashionable audience . . . "The Orpheus Union" made their second appearance, to much advantage, at least in the second part of the concert, and were twice encored. Their performances are so decidedly novel that we should be glad to see them extend their efforts, and give a concert of their own, of glees, part-songs, madrigals, &c, with the usual elements, vocal and instrumental, necessary for variety, incorporated with it. Miss Mortley, one of their number, sang "The Queen's letter," and was well accompanied on the pianoforte by Miss Rawley, a very young lady, and recently, we believe, a pupil of Mr. Wray's. Miss Rawley also accompanied Mr. Beaumont . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Beresford Wray and family (musicians, vocalists); Orpheus Union (association); Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (23 May 1861), 5 

The grand concert given by the Musical Union yesterday evening, in the Exhibition Building, in aid of the fund for the relief of the widows and orphans who have fallen in the New Zealand war, passed off with unqualified success. The occasion was under the patronage of his Excellency Sir Henry Barkly and Lady Barkly, Major General Pratt, and the officers of the Victorian Volunteers. The programme consisted of the overture "Ruy Bas, Mendelssohn's "First Walpurgis Night," and "Judith." The principal vocalists were Madame Stuttaford, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Beaumont, and Mr. S. Kaye; Mr. A. J. Leslie taking the principal violin, and Mr. Pringle, as usual, leaving nothing to be desired in his capacity as conductor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Kaye (vocalist)

MUSIC: Judith (oratorio by Henry Leslie, brother of A. J. Leslie)

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (23 May 1861), 5 

. . . Mr. Leslie's oratorio "Judith" is a composition of a high order of merit, much after the Spohr school; the instrumental effects being, if not copied from, at least affected after that master. Madame Stuttaford achieved a real triumph as Judith, and Mr. Beaumont was very praiseworthy, notwithstanding a rather hard delivery . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (13 June 1861), 5 

The Orpheus Union Society gave its first concert of the season, at the Mechanics' Institute, yesterday evening. The hall was crowded, and the various performances, instrumental and vocal, were received with liberal applause. The beautiful quartett and chorus, "The Vesper Hymn," was done full justice to by Miss Griffiths, and Messrs, Ford, Beaumont, and Angus . . . The conductorship by Mr. S. Kaye left nothing to be desired . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Griffiths (vocalist; later Mrs. Perraton)

[News], The Argus (13 June 1861), 4 

. . . Beethoven's "Vesper Hymn" lost a portion of its effect by being taken somewhat too slowly. It wanted expression. Indeed, this want is the pervading danger which the society, in the interpretation of the special class of music they have chosen, have to guard against. It is unpleasant to be reminded of a singing exercise, and the conductor is the person almost wholly responsible for such an association of ideas. The solo parts were excellently taken by Miss Griffiths, who possesses a rich and pleasing voice, and by Messrs. Ford, Beaumont, and Angus . . . Mr. Beaumont next took the solo part in Reichardt's "Image of the rose," and did it fair justice, though his voice here and there betrayed symptoms of weakness . . . Misses Griffiths, Mortley, and Beaumont, were quite successful in Henry Smart's pretty trio, "Rest thee on this mossy pillow," and Mrs. Fox, Master Cooke, and Messrs, A. Ford and Angus were equally so in Pohlenz's part song "The swallows" . . .

[News], The Argus (19 September 1861), 5 

The third subscription concert of the Philharmonic Society was given last evening at the Theatre Royal, when "Israel in Egypt" was performed . . . Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss S. Mortley, and Messrs. Beaumont, Angus, and Nicholson were the leading vocalists, and a strong double chorus gave adequate effect to the choral passages of the oratorio . . . The band, under the conduct of Herr Elsasser and the leadership of Herr Strebinger, was particularly strong in stringed instruments, and contributed greatly to the success of the performance . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (conductor); Frederick Strebinger (leader, violin); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

[News], The Argus (18 October 1861), 4 

The Wray Family, or "Little Nightingales," made their reappearance at the Assembly-rooms, Brighton, on Wednesday evening last, before a crowded audience, and were assisted by the gratuitous services of a number of lady and gentlemen amateurs . . . Miss Mortley sang "Merry is the greenwood" with much credit and effect; and Mr. Beaumont's rendering of Balfe's "Riflemen form" called forth a rapturous encore. Mr. Coleman Jacobs presided at the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Beresford Wray, father of the "Little Nightingales" had died of consumption on 7 April 1861; Coleman Jacobs (piano)

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (19 October 1861), 5 

. . . We must not omit to mention the efficient assistance by the Collingwood Orpheus Society, a select number of whom had kindly volunteered their services. Miss Mortley's song of "Merry is the green wood," was a gem; and Mr. Beaumont's "Riflemen, form," which was the piece de resistance of the evening, the concert being under the patronage of Captain Mair and volunteers, called down a storm of applause . . .

[News], The Argus (24 October 1861), 4 

Madame Stuttaford's concert at the Town-hall, Prahran, last evening, was well attended . . . Miss Octavia Hamilton lent her valuable aid, and gave, in the first part, "Softly Sighs," with all her accustomed sweetness; Signor and Signora Bianahi sang a duet from "Ernani," which was much relished, and Mr. Beaumont, Signor Grossi, and Mr. Gregg came in for their share of flattering recognition.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Stuttaford (vocalist); Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi (vocalists); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Italian Opera Company (troupe)

[News], The Argus (2 November 1861), 5 

The oratorio of "The Messiah" was performed last night at the Theatre Royal by the members of the Musical Union, in combination with Mr. Lyster's opera troupe and the gentleman composing the orchestra of the establishment. Various circumstances operated to throw a damp upon the entertainment. The unfavourable condition of the weather thinned the audience; Mr. Farquharson was placed hors de combat by illness and was unable to appear, Mr. F. Lyster acting as his substitute; half-an-hour's delay occurred in the commencement of the oratorio, and when the overture had been played, there was another ominous pause followed by the announcement that Mr. Squires was suffering from hoarseness, an intimation which called forth some strong expressions of disapprobation from the audience. Eventually, however, Mr. Beaumont took the place of Mr. Squires, and his excellent delivery of the opening recitative, "Comfort ye my people," reconciled the assemblage to the hitch which had occurred. On the whole, the earlier portions of the first part of the oratorio went off very flatly . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Lyster (vocalist); Henry Squires (vocalist); Lyster Opera Company (troupe)

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (2 November 1861), 5 

. . . An apology was made for Mr. Squires's absence on the ground of hoarseness; and the non-appearance of this gentleman was undoubtedly a serious disappointment to the audience. His music was however ably given by Mr. Beaumont . . . Mr. Beaumont, who has a tenor voice of really good quality, better perhaps in the middle than in the lower register, sang "Comfort ye my people," and the succeeding air, "Every valley," with much teste, and was similarly successful in his treatment of the subsequent solos . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 November 1861), 4 

The Wray Family ("Little Nightingales") gave one of their drawingroom entertainments on Wednesday evening, at the National Hall, Fitzroy, assisted by several lady and gentlemen amateurs, belonging, we believe, to the Orpheus Society . . . Miss Mortley and Mr. Beaumont are too well known to the public to require any remarks on their performances. Suffice it that they sang with accustomed skill, Mr. Beaumont's "Banner of St. George" being unanimously re-demanded. Mr. McGrath presided ably at the pianoforte.

ASSOCIATIONS: James McGrath (piano)

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (15 November 1861), 4 

. . . Miss Mortley sang "Merry is the Green wood" with considerable taste, and elicited a hearty encore. Mr. Beaumont, by his spirited delivery of "The Banner of St. George," was similarly complimented, and substituted "Riflemen form," which he gave very satisfactorily. This young gentleman, as we have before remarked, is the possessor of a very fine voice, which only needs cultivation to secure for him a very distinguished position in the profession . . .

[News], The Argus (18 December 1861), 5 

Handel's magnificent oratorio of "Judas Maccabaeus" was performed, last evening, at the Town Hall, Prahran, by the members of the Prahran Philharmonic Society, assisted by Miss O. Hamilton, Miss S. Mortley, and Messrs. Wilkinson and Beaumont. The performance on the whole may be considered satisfactory, many of the airs and recitatives being finely rendered. Miss O. Hamilton particularly distinguished herself in the parts allotted to her. Mr. Wilkinson was also peculiarly happy in his rendering of the splendid air, "Arm, arm ye brave." Mr. Beaumont was, however, by no means successful in some of the parts entrusted to him, lacking as he does that peculiar quality of voice necessary to give due expression to the melodious beauty of music. The chorusses, under the able direction of Mr. Pringle, passed off with considerable eclat . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Wilkinson (vocalist); Prahran Philharmonic Society (association)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 December 1861), 5 

. . . With regard to Mr. Beaumont, he certainly acquitted himself admirably, and took his audience quite by surprise in the spirited manner he rendered "Call Forth Thy Powers," and "Sound an Alarm," the latter song being rapturously encored. There is no doubt that if Mr. Beaumont perseveres in the manner he has hitherto done, he will at no distant period occupy a first-class position as an oratorio singer . . .

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . PRAHRAN PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (21 December 1861), 2 

. . . Mr. Beaumont, whose style, however, wants finish, promises to be a decided acquisition to our Philharmonic Concerts.

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (21 December 1861), 5 

The bazaar held in the Exhibition building in aid of the Industrial Home was fairly attended yesterday. The sales exceeded L100. In the evening a concert was given by the members of St. Peter's choir. Miss O. Hamilton, Miss S. Mortley, Mr. Beaumont, and Mr. Moxon were the principal performers; The programme consisted of a variety of songs and duetts . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Septimus Moxon (vocalist)

[News], The Argus (26 December 1861), 5 

A pontifical high mass was celebrated yesterday by the Catholic bishop, in St. Francis' Church, Lonsdale-street, with unusual splendour and completeness. In addition to the ordinary choir of the church, Miss Julia Matthews, Mr. Beaumont, several leading members of the Philharmonic Society, and a few private vocalists of excellence, lent their valuable aid, and Messrs. Strebinger, Chapman, Kohler, and other members of the Theatre Royal Orchestra, formed a full and most effective band. The Mass, which was Mozart's Twelfth, was magnificently sung, and may be pronounced, without doubt, the finest ecclesiastical service yet heard in this city. The choir was conducted by Mr. A. Reiff.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Alipius Goold (bishop); Julia Mathews (vocalist); Frederick Strebinger (musician); Samuel Chapman (musician); Richard Wildblood Kohler (musician); Anthony Reiff (conductor); St. Francis's church (Melbourne)

[News], The Argus (10 June 1862), 4

The efforts of Madame Stuttaford to give a series of cheap and popular concerts at Prahran appear likely to achieve the success which they deserve, judging from the support and approbation which attended last night's entertainment, which took place at the Town-hall of that populous suburb. There was a numerous attendance, and the gallery especially was well filled. The vocalists were - Madame Stuttaford, Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mr. E. A. Beaumont, Mr. Wilkinson, and Mr. Jacqueson. Mr. Plaisted presided at the pianoforte. The programme, without being in the least pretentious, was judiciously selected, comprising some sterling old English songs and ballads, with one or two operatic gems, and a sprinkling of comic melodies. The singers did their utmost to please, and deservedly won golden opinions. They were all encored, once, or oftener . . . Mr. Beaumont possesses a tenor voice of great sweetness. On this occasion he was evidently suffering from a cold. With care and practice, he will make an accomplished singer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Philip Charles Plaisted (piano)

"AMUSEMENTS, &c.", The Age (25 April 1863), 6 

On the evening of Good Friday, the oratorio of "Elijah" was performed at the Theatre Royal, in accordance with our usual custom, by the Musical Union, the chief singers being Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Ford, Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Mortley, and Miss Beaumont. The oratorio was most successfully rendered.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (22 July 1863), 2

We regret to hear that Mr. E. A. Beaumont, the very promising tenor singer, who was in Adelaide with Messrs. Poussard and Douay during their last season here, died a short time since at Christchurch, New Zealand, of disease of the lungs.

ASSOCIATIONS: Erroneous report of his death; Horace Poussard (musician); Rene Douay (musician)

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1864), 5 

All true lovers of music will be glad to hear that this old-established society proposes to give one of their subscription concerts this evening, at the Masonic Hall. On this occasion the programme is a most attractive one, and it will be marked by the debut to this city of the talented tenor singer, Mr. Beaumont, who, by favour of Mr. W. S. Lyster, appears for the first time here in sacred music, taking part in Spohr's beautiful oratorio, "The Last Judgment" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sydney Philharmonic Society (association)

[News], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (21 March 1864), 3 

The run of the opera of "Faust" has been interrupted at the Prince of W ales Theatre, by the increasing indisposition of Mr. Wharton, who has been unable to continue his performance of the part of Mephistophiles. Other operas have been substituted during the week, and yesterday evening the new tenor, Mr. Beaumont, made a very successful debut in the "Daughter of the Regiment," Mdle. Durand also appearing for the first time this season.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Wharton (vocalist, Lyster Opera Company); Rosalie Durand (Mrs. Fred. Lyster, vocalist); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney venue)

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", Empire (21 March 1864), 2 

The Opera season commenced at the Prince of Wales Theatre on the 3rd instant, with the production of Mons. Gounod's "Faust" . . . Its many beauties, were fully rendered by the company, which remains the same as last year; namely Madame Lucy Escott (prima donna), Madame Rosalie Durand, Miss Georgia Hodson, Mrs. Ada King, and Miss Kramer; Mr. Henry Squires, Mr. Edward Beaumont (a young tenor of good voice), Mr. Frank Trevor, Mr. Henry Wharton, Mr. F. Lyster, and Mr. J. E. Kitts. The position of conductor is filled by Mr. George Loder . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lucy Escott (vocalist); Georgia Hodson (vocalist); Ada King (vocalist); Marie Kramer (vocalist); Frank Trevor (vocalist); Frederick Lyster (vocalist); James Edward Kitts (vocalist); George Loder (conductor)

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS. THE OPERA", Freeman's Journal [Sydney, NSW] (9 April 1864), 6 

. . . On Thursday evening, in consequence of the severe indisposition of Madame Escott, the Bohemian Girl was substituted in the place of "Faust," Madame Durand sustaining the character of Arline, Mr. Beaumont Thaddeus and Mr. F. Lyster Count Arnheim . . .

"ROYAL HAYMARKET", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (16 May 1864), 2 

At the Haymarket Theatre on Saturday evening a large audience assembled. The fact that Mr. Beaumont, a gentleman who, known to us as a singer at concerts, had not as yet appeared in opera, would on this occasion make his debut before a Melbourne audience, perhaps drew a great many. The performance commenced with the second act of Donizetti's opera of "Lucia di Lammermoor" . . . The charming comic opera of the "Daughter of the Regiment," followed. Miss Durand as Mario sang, as, we venture to say she never sang in Melbourne before. The applause which greeted this lady's efforts was as enthusiastic as it was deserved . . . Mr. Beaumont also shared, and justly, the applause, of which the audience was most liberal. Nervous, and possessing as yet but little knowledge of acting, this gentleman, apart from his excellence as a singer, played the part with a modesty and quiet that disarmed criticism. His voice, uncultivated and of limited power, is yet very sweet. In the duet in the first act he and Miss Durand were vociferously applauded and encored. The famous Rataplan was rendered in a most brilliant style, Mr. Fred. Lyster as Sulpice acting and singing with all his well-known excellence. At the termination of each act Miss Durand and Mr. Beaumont were called before the curtain and received quite an ovation. On Tuesday Mr. Beaumont will again appear in Wallace's [sic, Balfe's] opera of "The Bohemian Girl."

ASSOCIATIONS: Haymarket Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"THE OPERA", The Argus (16 May 1864), 5 

The programme offered by Mr. Lyster on Saturday evening to his patrons consisted of the second act of "Lucia di Lammermoor" . . . The martial opera of "La Fille du Regiment" followed, in which Mr. E. Beaumont made his first appearance on the operatic boards before a Melbourne public. The debut of this artist was undoubtedly the feature of the evening. From the fact of his having been for some time associated with the principal musical societies in Melbourne, great anxiety was manifested among his friends and the musical public to see him as the prime tenore in an Italian opera. The theatre consequently was filled with an audience whose expectations had been raised to a great height. It is a pleasing duty to chronicle Mr. Beaumont's complete success, judging from the enthusiastic reception and applause awarded him. It is no light matter for one so inexperienced, and so unaccustomed to stage business, to undertake for the first time the important rule of the hero in an opera; we therefore make every allowance for shortcomings, not only on the plea of nervousness, but also from his labouring under a severe cold. Mr. Beaumont has naturally a very fine tenor voice, with a compass of about an octave and a half, and although not exactly a tenor robusta, still he would be heard to advantage in parts requiring strength and force. At present he is deficient in that refinement which careful practice and study will effect. The quality of his voice is excellent, although rough in the lower notes. In declamatory scenes we doubt not, with experience, he will be highly successful. The audience testified their approval of his efforts by the warmth of their applause; this was especially noticeable in the duet with Mdlle. Rosalie Durand, "To my confession tender," which was rapturously encored. He was also highly successful in the cavatina, "Behold my friends," and in "All is joy, now happy day," which was delivered with much spirit . . .

[News], The Herald (31 May 1865), 2 

A concert of sacred music was given last night at the Wesleyan Schoolrooms, Fitzroy, in aid of defraying the expense of repairing the organ of the Brunswick street Church. Mr. C. Reeves was the conductor, and Mr. Fielding the pianist, and the vocalists, in addition to the members of the choir, were Messrs. G. A. Johnson, D. Beaumont, and C. Blanchard. The concert was in all respects a highly-successful one.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (3 August 1866), 4 

SCHAW - BEAUMONT. - On the 28th ult., at Barkly-terrace, Carlton, by the Rev. Mr. Richards, Mr. William Schaw, to Mary Sophy, third daughter of Mr. Edward Beaumont, Carlton.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (4 August 1866), 5 

A miscellaneous entertainment was given in the schoolroom attached to the Union Church, Hotham, last evening. The programme consisted of glees, trios and duets, by the choir of the church, under the leadership of Mr. D. Beaumont; some gymnastic feats by young gentlemen of the neighborhood, and an art union distribution of fancy articles. The musical part of the entertainment was very creditable . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (27 February 1867), 5 

A rumor was current, last night, to the effect that Mr. Beaumont, the second tenor of the late Lyster opera troupe, had met with an accident during the day, whilst out shooting with Mr. Arthur Lyster and another gentleman. It is said that his gun burst in his hand, and that the whole charge of shot lodged in his face. He was taken to Dr. Tracy, who expressed an opinion that one, if not both, of his eyes were irremediably injured; and advised his friends to consult Mr. Gray, the occulist. From the source from which our information is derived, we fear this melancholy story is but too true.

ASSOCIATIONS: Arthur Burdett Lyster (1836-1897), younger brother of Frederick and William S. Lyster; see also "THE ACCIDENT TO MR. BEAUMONT. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (1 March 1867), 5 

[News], The Argus (28 March 1867), 4 

The Melbourne Philharmonic Society gives Mendelssohn's celebrated oratorio "Elijah" in St. George's-hall, this evening, under the conductorship of Mr. David Lee . . . Madame Carandini, Miss Rosina Carandini, Miss Fanny Carandini, Mr. Walter Sherwin, and Mr. Peter Cazaly, of Ballarat, fill the principal parts of this grand work. Mrs. Cunningham and Mr. D. Beaumont (brother of Mr. Armes Beaumont) with other amateurs, supply the subordinate parts.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini and daughters (vocalists); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); Peter Cazaly (vocalist); St. George's Hall (Melbourne venue)

[News], The Herald (29 March 1867), 2 

Mendelssohn's great work "Elijah" was performed at St. George's-hall last evening to a large audience, by the Philharmonic Society as their first subscription concert for the year . . . Mr. D. A. Beaumont quite astonished his audience by his delivery of "Then shall the righteous shine." He has a tenor voice, which possesses a delicate richness, though he lacks the power of his brother, Mr. Armes Beaumont . . .

"THE BEAUMONT BENEFIT CONCERT", The Herald (2 May 1867), 3 

It must, at least, be gratifying to the feelings of Mr. Armes Beaumont to find that so widespread a sympathy exists with him in his present unfortunate position, and this was most clearly demonstrated in the very large and brilliant assemblage which filled the principal hall of the New Exhibition-building last night, upon the occasion of the grand vocal and instrumental concert which was given for his benefit. So soon as the subject of a benefit to Mr. Beaumont was mooted by Mr. W. S. Lyster, the most generous offers of assistance were made, not only by the various artistes with whom Mr. Beaumont had been intimately associated during the last few years, but also by the amateur societies with the members of which he had at one time performed. With the public Mr. Beaumont has always been a groat favourite, and most deservedly so. As second tenor in the Lyster Opera Company he was under good tuition, making most rapid strides in his profession; and it only required that his fine voice should receive some further cultivation under an able master, for Mr. Beaumont to take a foremost rank in the profession which he adopted. It had been his intention to visit Italy with this object, had he not been overtaken by the sad accident which befell him, and which had deprived him for a time from following his profession; but we do most sincerely trust that his fine voice may not be lost, and that he will ones again be enabled to make a public appearance. Mr. W. S. Lyster having most generously determined to make this a real benefit, has paid all the expenses connected with the concert, but the hall having been granted by the Commissioner of Public Works, the extra charges will not be heavy. The building last night was crowded to excess with a numerous and fashionable audience, including his Excellency the Governor, Lady Manners Sutton and family. There could scarcely hove been less then 3000 persons present, and the total receipts, we believe, exceeded L600. This is indeed something like a benefit, and it is satisfactory to know that the gross sum realised will be applied to the object in view, without the amount being attacked for expenses . . . "The Death of Nelson " was sung by Mr. D. A. Beaumont, a brother of the beneficiare. His voice is very like his brother's, but neither so full nor so well cultivated; but with good tuition, this young gentleman will become a good singer. Mrs. Fox, a sister of Mr. Beaumont, was successful in her rendering of the air "I'm alone," from the "Lily of Killarney" . . .

See also "THE BEAUMONT CONCERT", The Argus (2 May 1867), 6 

See also "MR. BEAUMONT'S BENEFIT, AT THE EXHIBITION", The Age (2 May 1867), 6 

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1868), 8 

MR. FREDERIC LYSTER (Pupil of Garcia and Lablache) Will give
LESSONS IN VOCAL MUSIC, With especial reference to
The DEVELOPMENT of the VOICE, during his stay in Melbourne.
As an example of his system, Mr. Lyster begs to refer to the career of Mr. Armes Beaumont, under his sole tuition.
Terms can be known at Messrs. Wilkie, Webster, and Co's, 16 Collins-street-east.

"CLEARANCES. AUGUST 28", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1868), 4 

Alexander Duthie, ship, 1159 tons, Captain Douglass, for San Francisco. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Lyster and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd and 2 children, Mr. and Mrs. De Antoni, Madame Escott, Miss Warden, Mrs. Andrews, Mrs. King, Messrs. Squires, Beaumont, Symons, Sutcliff, Baker, Habbe, Kitts, Bachrach, Nathanson, Swift, Timms, and 17 in the 2nd cabin.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (18 November 1868), 4 

BEAUMONT - ALLAN. - On the 4th inst., at 141 William-street, West Melbourne, the residence of the bride's brother-in-law, by the Rev. A. D. Kininmont, Daniel A. Beaumont to Sarah Lillias, youngest daughter of the late Mr. William Allan, of Hotham.

[News], The Argus (11 February 1869), 5 

We learn by letter from California that Mr. Armes Beaumont had not improved in health, as regards his sight, by the voyage from Sydney to that port, with Mr. Lyster and the other members of his opera troupe, but that the voyage had not done him harm. When the company landed they found that small-pox prevailed in the city, and they all, accordingly, submitted to vaccination before proceeding on shore.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (6 April 1869), 2 

The reopening of the fine organ of St. Francis's Church, after rebuilding, was made the occasion of an organ recital and concert, given in the church last evening, by Mr. G. R. G. Pringle, the organist. Mr. Pringle was assisted in the vocal department by Mrs. Fox, Mrs. Schaw, Mr. Coles, Mr. W. Furlong, and the choir of St. Francis's. Mr. Pringle's "Grand pedal prelude and fugue in D," as well indeed as all his performances on the instrument, evinced the master hand. "The Dead March in Saul," and Rossini's masterpiece, "Stabat Mater," were included in the programme, and were excellently given . . . Mrs. Fox and Mrs. Schaw were heard to advantage in the duet "Quis est Homo;" and Mr. Furlong's rendering of "Pro Peccatis" was really fine . . .

"DEATH OF MR. ARMES BEAUMONT. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (21 May 1869), 5 

Sir,- Your telegram and local notice on the above subject, in your issue of to-day, have you may be sure, caused much grief and uneasiness amongst Mr. Beaumont's relatives and friends. Being related to that gentleman, I have taken every available means of discovering how much truth the report contained; I am now delighted to be able to contradict the report as quite unfounded. The Panther, which arrived in the bay to-day, brings dates from San Francisco, of the 17th March, and in the Daily Alta of that date, Mr. Beaumont was advertised to appear at Maguire's opera house that night. Mr. Morgan, a passenger by the Panther, dined with Mr. Beaumont on the 18th March, and reports Mr. Beaumont was then in good health. with the above facts before us, I think Mr. Beaumont's friends may rest assured they have not yet to regret his loss; but, on the contrary, I think every chance of soon having been again amongst them.
I am, &c. WM. SCHAW.
70 Elizabeth-street, May 20, 1869.

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS. - February 28", Evening News (1 March 1870), 2 

Jean Pierre, French barque, 490 tons, Jouin, from San Francisco 4th January. Passengers . . . Messrs. Armes Beaumont, Arthur Lyster . . .

"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES . . . SYDNEY, TUESDAY", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (2 March 1870), 5 

Mr. Armes Beaumont leaves by the first steamer to join the Opera Company at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne.

"THE OPERA COMPANY", Australian Town and Country Journal (5 March 1870), 7 

Mr. Arthur Lyster [sic] and Mr. Armes Beaumont arrived in Sydney on Monday, by the Jean Pierre, from San Francisco. We understand that Mr. Kitts is coming out to the colonies by way of Boston, and Mr. Baker may shortly be expected. Sutcliffe is in Paris, and Geraldine Warden is at Salt Lake City. Mr. Fred. Lyster has accepted a lucrative engagement in San Francisco. Our readers will be happy to hear that Mr. Beaumont is in the enjoyment of capital health.

ARMES BEAUMONT, the favourite tenor, leaves today for the Australian Colonies, where he will rejoin Mr. W. Lyster's Italian Opera Company. Mr. Beaumont, it will be remembered, made a great success as Vasco di Gama in "L'Africaine," and has since well sustained his reputation, notwithstanding that he has suffered from a bronchial affection for some months. He returns to the warmer climate of Australia, and we trust at no distant period to have him once more among us. - San Francisco Morning Call, January 2.

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. I", The Argus (25 December 1878), 6 

. . . The musical triumph of the year [1857] was the first production in the southern hemisphere of Mendelssohn's grand oratorio "Elijah" . . . The alto chorus then included Armes or more familiarly "Ted" Beaumont, Perraton, Johnson, Cook, Marsden, and a host of "boys" who are now bearded Benedicks . . . June 23 was the night appointed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Perraton (vocalist); Charles Cook (vocalist)

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 May 1897), 1 

BEAUMONT. - On the 17th May, at 159 Flemington road, North Melbourne, D. A. Beaumont, dearly beloved husband of Sarah Lillias Beaumont, brother of E. Armes, and W. T. Beaumont. Late of Victorian Railways and conductor of Railway Musical Society. A colonist of 48 years. Beloved by all who knew him.

"DEATH OF MR. D. A. BEAUMONT", The Age (18 May 1897), 6. (FIRST EDITION) 

Sincere regret will be felt among a very large circle on learning of the death of Mr. D. A. Beaumont, one of the best known and respected of amateur musicians in Melbourne. Professionally Mr. Beaumont was a lithographic printer. He served his time to the business with Messrs. Chas. Troedel and Co., and was afterwards in the lithographic rooms of Messrs. Sands and M'Dougall and Messrs. E. Whitehead and Co. For about 16 years past he was in the railway service as lithographic printer supervising the reproduction of the plans and sections required by both branches of the engineering staff. It was through his musical attainments and achievements, however, that he had become most widely and favorably known. The fact that he was brother of Mr. Armes Beaumont no doubt helped his popularity, but he had sterling ability of his own, and though his connection with music had not the same brilliant publicity as attached to the roles of the popular operatic artist, his long and diligent devotion to the art might be favorably compared to that of many professionals . . .

See also "DEATH OF MR. D. A. BEAUMONT", North Melbourne Courier and West Melbourne Advertiser (21 May 1897), 2 

Death of Mr. D. Beaumont", North Melbourne Gazette (21 May 1897), 3 

On Monday last Mr. D. A. Beaumont passed away, after a long and painful illness. He was a native of Norfolk, England, having been born on August 1st, 1843. He came out to Victoria with his parents when only five years old. He was naturally a musician, and was connected with almost every musical society in Melbourne. He was one of the founders of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society and the Melbourne Liedertafel. He also took a lively interest in sacred music, and for some 17 years he was percentor [sic, precentor] in the Union Memorial Church North Melbourne, under the Rev. A. Kinnimont and the Rev. Dr. Gilchrist. For five years he led in the Rev. D. S. Eacharn's church, St Andrew's, Carlton, and for the past two years and a half at the Rev. A. Stewart's church, St John's, Essendon. He was for eight years conductor of the Victorian Railways Musical Society, and many were the social evenings of other associations at which this well-trained little choir gave its acceptable contributions to the harmony. The cause of his death was cancer, but it was not till some seven weeks ago that he took to his bed. The funeral took place last Wednesday, a large number of he leading townsmen being present to do his memory honor . . . The Melbourne Liedertafel paid a touching tribute to the friendship they bore the deceased by gathering round and in the pouring rain singing two devotional hymns . . . At the time of his death he was 53 years of age, and he leaves a sorrowing widow and eight children to mourn their sad loss.

"Music and Musicians", Table Talk (21 May 1897), 6 

A RIPPLE goes all through the social world of clefs and staves, minims, crochets, and quavers, through the death of that real good fellow, and ardent musical enthusiast, Mr. D. A. Beaumont, brother of the famed tenor and of Mrs. Fox. Indeed Mr. D. Beaumont, the universal "Dan," was far more in love with music, for its own sake, than was the celebrated part of his family.

"MR. ARMES BEAUMONT", The Advertiser (26 March 1903), 6 

The name of Mr. Armes Beaumont is a household word in Australasia. Gifted with a beautiful natural voice, a fine presence, and a magnificent speaking organ, he has charmed audiences wherever he has travelled on this continent and elsewhere. No Australian artist has even been more popular than the great tenor, both on and off the stage, and in the midst of a busy life he was always able to find time to give his services in the cause of charity. Mr. Beaumont is retiring from an active professional career, and already he has given a farewell concert in Melbourne, at which Madame Melba assisted. It was an artistic and financial success, and to-night he will appear in Adelaide for the last time.

Mr. Beaumont was born in Norwich on December 15, 1840; so that he is well on to 63 years of age. He arrived in Melbourne when he was 8 years old, and his first experience in music was as a choir boy in the Wesleyan Chapel in Brunswick-street, Fitzroy. He was then 15 years old, and he possessed an alto voice of such sympathetic quality that it attracted attention at once. "The choirmaster," said Mr. Beaumont, "gave me some musical instruction, and under his direction I sang my first solo. It was "O, thou that, tellest good tidings to Zion." In the following year I joined the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, being still an alto, and I was selected by the conductor to sing a solo in one of Handel's works. While at rehearsal my voice broke. I croaked and spluttered to such an extent that my appearance was impossible. It was a grievous disappointment to a boy, I assure you. I had to rest then for nearly two years. When my voice returned, and it being of tenor quality, I was chosen to sing the part of Uriel in Haydn's "Creation." That was at Fitzroy in 1860. It was my debut in oratorio. Next year the Musical Union, of which I was a member, arranged with Mr. Lyster, the opera manager at that time, to give a performance of "The Messiah" in the Theatre Royal, in which Mr. Squires, the favorite tenor, was to have taken part. He was indisposed, and could not sing. I happened to be seated in the dress circle that night with Miss Octavia Hamilton waiting for the performance to begin. The secretary of the union approached the footlights, and stated to the audience that in the absence of Mr. Squires a young gentleman named Mr. Beaumont would take his place. I did so. Mr. Fred Lyster, brother of the manager, a clever musician, was present, and hearing my voice he offered to teach me with a view to my appearance on the stage. I declined at first, on the ground that as I was in business in Melbourne I had no predilections that way. This was in 1861.

"I continued my studies with Mr. Lyster, and I am glad to say that my first professional engagement was in Adelaide in 1862. I sang at White's Rooms, with Poussard and Douay, the instrumentalists, with whom I journeyed over many parts of South Australia, and subsequently I toured New Zealand with them. I arrived in Sydney at the close of the tour, and there I met Mr. Fred. Lyster again. By this time I had given up my business in Melbourne, and, acting under the advice of Mr. Lyster, I made up my mind for a career on the stage. He taught me singing and stage business generally, and I made my opening appearance in the "Bohemian Girl," in which I took the part of Thaddeus. That was in November, 1863, in Sydney. In March, 1864, I appeared in Melbourne as Tonio in "The Daughter of the Regiment." Thence until 1866 I was principal tenor in many operas, and in that year I had the honor to be associated with Madame Fanny Simonson in Meyerbeer's "L'Africaine." The opera was a splendid success, and it was played on alternate nights, with Madame Lucy Escot and Mr. Squires as the other two principals. In 1867 I met with the unfortunate accident which deprived me of my sight, and concerning which there is no need to say anything. In 1868 I went with a company to San Francisco, and it was a financial failure. I was retained for an engagement in America, and returning to Australia in 1870 I was engaged in the English and Italian opera companies which were formed by Mr. W. S. Lyster. I was associated with him in every opera produced under his direction until his death in 1880. After Mr. Lyster's death I took an engagement with Mr. J. C. Williamson for a year, and then with Messrs. Rignold and Allison, until 1884, when I retired from the stage. Since then I have devoted my time to singing in concerts and oratorio.

"I suppose I must have sung in 46 operas and nearly 30 oratorios in my time in all parts of Australia. I sand in Adelaide with Charles Santley in 1889, and when Madame Albani appeared in Adelaide I took the tenor part in the "Messiah." I have also appeared at many concerts in your city, and I am glad to be amongst your people again."

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1913), 13 

FOX. - On the I7th June, at Silloth Terrace, 157 Flemington road, North Melbourne, Sarah Hannah, relict of the late John Henry Fox, and beloved mother of Mrs. M. Samuel and F. P. Fox, aged 74 years. A colonist of 64 years. (Interred privately on June 19.)


Mr. Edward Armes Beaumont, the finest tenor singer Australia has produced, and whose name 25 years ago was a household word throughout the Commonwealth, died at his residence, Flemington road, North Melbourne, at an early hour yesterday morning. For some weeks past his health had been failing, and his advanced age, 72 years, made his death not quite unexpected. His sister, Mrs. J. H. Fox (also a well-known singer), with whom he had been living, and to whom he was greatly attached, died a few weeks ago, and her demise undoubtedly hastened his end . . . Unassuming, kindly disposed towards those who found life's roadway harder than he had found it, he gained for himself, because of these personal qualities, a place which was as high in the esteem of those who came to know him as was that which his abilities as a singer and an artist gained for him in the wider circle of his public admirers. He was not the descendant of forebears who had handed on from to generation to generation the wonderful vocal gifts which he possessed, but, in common with his two sisters, he was passionately fond of music from his earliest youth. Australia cannot claim the credit of his birth, but only eight short years had elapsed before he came to this country. He was born at a little village called St. Faith's, near Norwich, and he landed in Melbourne in 1848. His education did not differ from that which is usually afforded those who are not too well blessed with the goods of this world, and at its conclusion he became a shipping clerk. The commencement of his stage career was as unusual in its surrounding circumstances as it was instantaneously successful. Each Sunday he sang in the choir attached to the Brunswick street Wesleyan Chapel, which was then conducted by a Mrs. Spensley. There he gained his knowledge of the rudiments of music, and particularly of sacred music, in which afterwards he perhaps gained his greatest successes. In December, 1861 [recte, 1 November 1861], the young singer attended the usual Christmas concert [sic]. In those days the Melbourne Musical Union gave a sacred concert each Christmas [sic], and in 1861 a production of "The Messiah" was announced. Mr. Henry Squires, the great tenor of the time, was to sing the tenor solos, but just prior to the commencement of the performance he became seriously ill. Armes Beaumont was among the audience, and when the regretful announcement of the illness of Squires was made, Beaumont offered to fill his place. His offer was accepted, and the unrehearsed effort of the singer was so successful that his name was established almost immediately.

Engagements of a minor nature soon crowded in upon young Beaumont, one of his earliest public appearances being in the Prahran Town Hall. Within a short time Mr. W. S. Lyster, the principal of the then well-known Lyster's English and Italian Opera Company, had become so thoroughly enamoured of the qualities of Beaumont's voice that he took the young singer under his own care, and provided for him the only technical training he had ever received. In 1862 Beaumont accepted his first important engagement to sing at the concert of MM. Poussard and Douay, two leading French instrumentalists, who were then appearing in Adelaide under the direction of Mr. R. S. Smythe. Madame Stuttaford and H. Wilkinson, the baritone, were also members of the same party. Beaumont made his first appearance in opera in Sydney with the Lyster Company in 1863 in "The Bohemian Girl," with Mdlle. Rosalie Durand as prima donna. Four months later he appeared in Melbourne in "The Daughter of the Regiment" at the old Haymarket Theatre, which was burned down in 1870 . . .

"ARMES BEAUMONT. GREAT TENOR DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1913), 10 

Mr. Edward Armes Beaumont, the most famous tenor singer Australia has produced, and whose name 25 years ago was a household word throughout Australia, died at his residence at North Melbourne early this morning. For some weeks his health had been falling, and his advanced age, 72 years, made his death not quite unexpected. His sister, Mrs. J. H. Fox, with whom he had been living, died a few weeks ago, and her demise undoubtedly hastened his end. Armes Beaumont was the name by which deceased was generally known, and as an operatic and concert singer he gained for himself a high place in the affections of the music loving people of Australia. He was born in St. Faiths, near Norwich, in 1840, and he landed in Melbourne in 1848. In December 1861 [recte, 1 November 1861] the young singer attended a production of "The Messiah" at the Town Hall. Mr. Henry Squires, the great tenor of the time, was to sing the tenor solos; but just prior to the commencement of the performance he was taken seriously ill. Armes Beaumont was among the audience, and when the announcement of the illness of Squires was made, Beaumont offered to fill his place. His offer was accepted, and the unrehearsed effort of the singer was so successful that his fame was established almost immediately . . .

Armes Beaumont, ? c. 1868; National Library of Australia

Armes Beaumont, ? c. mid 1860s; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

H. Morin Humphreys (comp.), Men of the time in Australia, Victorian series, second edition (Melbourne: McCarron, Bird & Co. 1882), [viii]-[ix] (DIGITISED)

Beaumont, Edward Armes, born at Norwich, 15th December, 1842 [sic, 1840], and came to Australia with his family in 1848. Educated at a private school in Melbourne, and afterwards followed commercial pursuits. Gifted by nature with a rich tenor voice, he early evinced a taste for music. His first notable public performance took place at the old Theatre Royal, Melbourne, in 1861, on the occasion of a production of Handel's "Messiah" by the Musical Union Society, under the management of the late Mr. William Saurin Lyster and his brother Frederic. On the evening [ix] of this performance, Mr. Henry Squires, the primo tenore of the Lyster Opera Company, was unable to sing, owing to serious illness, and Mr. Fred Lyster, being informed that young Beaumont was "up" in the tenor role of the oratorio, and was at that moment present in the dress circle, begged of him, as a personal favour, to fill Mr. Squires' place. Mr. Beaumont complied, and made such a decided hit that the Messrs. Lyster at once offered to take him as a pupil and educate him for the lyric stage. This offer was declined. In November, 1862, he joined Messieurs Poussard and Douay in a concert tour through South Australia and New Zealand. At the termination of this undertaking he went to Sydney, where he again met Mr. Fred Lyster, who renewed the offer he had made in Melbourne. The result was that the young singer studied the part of Thaddeus in Balfe's "Bohemian Girl," and played and sang it with marked success at the Sydney Opera House in November, 1863. After his debut, he joined Mr. W. S. Lyster's company, and, up to the time of that lamented impressarios death, shared in all his successes. Made his first Melbourne appearance in opera at the Theatre Royal as Tonio in the "Daughter of the Regiment," 14th May, 1864. When "L'Africaine" was first produced in Melbourne, in 1866, a marked feature in the performance was the dual representation for three consecutive weeks of the tenor and soprano "parts," Mr. Henry Squires and Madame Lucy Escott appearing as Vasco di Gama and Selika on one night, and Mr. Beaumont and Madame Fanny Simonsen in the same roles on the next. In 1867 he met with a sad accident when on a shooting excursion with a friend, whereby he lost the sight of his left eye, but recovered after a long and dangerous illness, and in the same year performed at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, as Arnold in the opera "William Tell," singing the very difficult and trying music on twelve consecutive nights, a task few tenors would care to undertake. He went to San Francisco with Mr. Lyster's opera company in 1868, and on the disbandment of the troupe remained in the city for fifteen months, after which he returned to Melbourne and rejoined Mr. W. S. Lyster, when Signora Barratti was the "bright particular star" in the operatic firmament. Mr. Beaumont's Faust is one of the parts in which he has particularly distinguished himself, and his repertory, both in English and Italian opera, is varied and extensive. His voice is particularly clear and sympathetic, he has a good presence, and is well skilled as an actor.

Fred. Johns, Johns's notable Australians . . . (Sydney: George Robertson & Company, 1906), 30

BEAUMONT, Edward Armes . . . b. Norwich, Eng., Dec. 15, 1840 . . .

Kenneth Hince, "Beaumont, Edward Armes (1842-1913)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Edward Armes Beaumont . . . was born on 15 December 1842 [sic] at St Faith's, Norfolk, England, son of Edward Beaumont, veterinary surgeon [sic], and his wife Sarah [sic] Hannah, née Lack. He went with his family to Melbourne in 1848, was educated at a private school and became a shipping clerk. Despite legends that he was "discovered" as a singer either in England or Hobart Town by William Lyster, Beaumont gained his first knowledge of music in the choir of the Brunswick Street Wesleyan Chapel. His first public performance was in 1861 as solo tenor in Handel's Messiah, presented at the Christmas concert of the Melbourne Musical Union . . .

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 49 and following, passim (Armes); 192, 234, 248, 261, 278 ("Mrs. Fox")

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Pellinor, 1999), 131 and following passim (Armes); 148, 174, 176, 240, 245 ("Mrs. Fox")

"Beaumont, Edward Armes", Obituaries Australia

Edward Armes Beaumont, Find a grave 

BEAUMONT, Annie (Mary Ann BEAUMONT; Annie BEAUMONT; "Mrs. George PARKER")

Musician, vocalist, pupil of Sara Flower

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1863
Married (? common law) George PARKER, VIC, c. 1863
Active New Zealand, until 1891 or later (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (12 January 1863), 2 

Professor Parker, the accomplished swordsman, took a benefit at Lane's Metropolitan Hotel on Saturday evening. The Hall was well attended, and the Professor's feats passed off with their usual success. In the sword and bayonet exercises he was assisted by Messrs. Gallop, Penniger, and Thurston. The earlier portion of the entertainment consisted of a concert, the performers being Misses Annie Beaumont, Florence Beverley, Susan Sutherland, Messrs. Cowell, De Courcy, and Piper, who gave their services on the occasion.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Parker (swordsman); Florence Beverley (vocalist); David De Courcy (vocalist); Edward John Piper (piano)

"PUNCH'S EVENING AMUSEMENTS", Sydney Punch (9 November 1867), 8 

A new attraction is offered at the School of Arts, on Saturday evening, in the shape of an Assaut d' Armes, under the direction of the celebrated Professor Parker, who, after five years absence from the colony, has again come to set up his walking (and single) stick among his old Sydney friends. Recollections of his former prowess in the various branches of his noble art will doubtless induce extensive patronage of the attractive programme put forth. The Professor is accompanied by Miss A. Beaumont, a songstress of considerable repute, who will diversify the entertainment by a choice selection of ballads, &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (26 September 1868), 3 

Professor Parker, MISS. A. BEAUMONT, (Mrs. G. Parker)
BEG to intimate to the public of Gundagai that they will give ONE of their much admired Entertainments,
At Webb's Assembly Room, GUNDAGAI, ON TUESDAY, SEPT. 29th . . .
at JUGIONG IN the course NEXT WEEK, due notice of which will be given.

[News], The Riverine Herald [Echuca, VIC; Moama, NSW) (6 November 1869), 2 

Professor Parker and Miss A. Beaumont (Mrs. Parker), have given entertainments in the Echuca Town Hall the two last evenings. Owing, no doubt, to their almost unannounced arrival, and perhaps also to a want of knowledge of the interesting nature of their entertainments, they have not received the amount of patronage they deserve. Professor Parker has been known throughout the colonies for many years as a most proficient master of the sword, and his feats with that weapon are most astonishing. Especially noticeable is the Sir Charles Napier feat, as it is called, in which the Professor with a blow of the sword, delivered from the right shoulder, and known as the seventh cut, divides an apple in two held on the palm of Mrs. Parker's hand. This lady, who varies the entertainment with her singing, possesses a rich contralto voice. She was a pupil of the celebrated Sarah Flower [sic], and many of her songs forcibly remind one of that great vocalist. Her singing is characterised with great spirit and taste, and she renders in an equally charming manner the most deeply sentimental and dashing Vivandiere songs. Thus we may mention "What are the Wild Waves Saying," "Sweet Spirit Hear My Prayer," "Cigars and Cognac," and "My Johnny was a Shoemaker." About one of her best songs perhaps was that with which she concluded last night, "The Bold Musketeer," and which was really beautifully sung. Miss Beaumont was assisted on both evenings by Mr. Kendall, who among a number of other songs, gave a comic illustration of a musical party, imitating the different singers, which was greatly applauded. He also sung "The Bloated Young Aristocrat," and Walking in the Zoo," which were also much relished by the audience. The Professor and Miss Beaumont will appear for four evenings more at the London Concert Hall, and we would recommend those who desire to hear some really good singing, and witness magnificent swordmanship, to avail themselves of this opportunity.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist, teacher)

"THE FATAL ACCIDENT TO PROFESSOR PARKER", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (20 February 1871), 3 

An inquest was held at the Junction hotel, Walhalla-road, on the 16th inst., on the body of the late Professor Parker, the celebrated swordsman. The following evidence was taken: -
Mary Ann Parker sworn: About noon on the 15th inst., she was within 300 yards of the Junction hotel, coming from Walhalla. The deceased, her husband, was riding one horse, and leading another, which carried a pack. The pack horse reared, causing the horse ridden by the deceased to shy and buck, and the deceased fell off. He fell on to his side, and never spoke. Witness at once got off her horse to assist the deceased. She tried to raise him, when blood flowed from his ears, eyes, and mouth. She called for help . . . The deceased was 42 years of age, and was perfectly sober at the time of the accident . . . The deceased was a performer of swordsmanship . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (3 March 1871), 8 

MISS ANNIE BEAUMONT (late Mrs. Geo. Parker) is DISENGAGED, and open for town or travelling engagement. Apply to her agent, Charlwood's, Bourke street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Charlwood (bookseller, theatrical agent)

"BENEFIT TO PROFESSOR PARKER'S WIDOW", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (12 July 1871), 2 

It is the intention of a number of gentlemen to tender a benefit to the widow of the late Professor Parker. The performance is to come off in the New Odd-fellows' Hall, Elizabeth-street, on Friday night, and is to consist of a medley entertainment, comprising an assaut d'armes, foil-playing, bayonet exercise, &c. Mr. Gus. Wangenheim, Lieutenant Von Hammer, Herr Habbe, and others have volunteered their services, and they hope to secure the assistance and patronage of most of Professor Parker's old pupils. A party of the sailors of H.M.S. Rosario are to give the audience some illustrations of nautical cutlass play, &c. Considering the laudable object of the promoters of the affair, it is to be hoped that their efforts will be crowned with the success they merit.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Wangenheim (amateur)

"HASTINGS (OWN CORRESPONDENT)", Daily Telegraph [Hawke's Bay, NZ] (3 March 1891), 3 

The Midget and Canaris combination attracted last night one of the largest houses ever seen in Hastings. The dwarfs, General Mite and his wife, were, of course, the great attraction, and fairly astonished the audience . . . The other attractions are a good show of themselves. Miss Annie Beaumont, with her duplex voice of tenor and soprano, had every song encored. It is certainly a wonderful gift . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Professor George Parker (champion swordsman); Trove lists (archived at NLA Pandora)

. . . (11) [Parker] probably met Mary Ann "Annie" Beaumont, the popular serio-comic singer and character actress, in January 1863 at Ballarat when they are first mentioned together at the same performance; no details of their marriage have been found yet. News reports subsequent to Professor Parker's death on 15th February 1871 show that that her first performance as a widow was on 17th March 1871 at the Royal Colosseum, Melbourne. The Professor's friends organised a benefit performance for Annie Beaumont in Sydney on 14th July 1871. She was a founding member of the Colonial Combination Company in July 1871, and toured with them for a while; this didn't seem to last long as other reports show her performing as a member of the Adelphi Company, Beaumont and O'Brien's Star Combination Troupe, and the Trilby Speciality Company - it seems that she returned to New Zealand at the end of 1873 . . . The 6th Nov 1869 issue of the Riverine Herald mentioned that Annie was a student of the celebrated singer, Sarah Flower [sic]

BEAUMONT, George Frederick (George Frederick BEAUMONT; Mr. G. F. BEAUMONT)

Musician, teacher, pianist, organist, vocalist, composer

Born Birmingham, England, 1844 (3rd quarter)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1867
Died Mudgee, NSW, 21 September 1873, aged "29" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1867), 16 

SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT, to mitigate the sufferings of the Beneficiare.
- MASONIC HALL, THIS (Thursday) EVENING, 21st February, 1867.
PROGRAMME - PART 1. Madrigal - Down in a flowery vale - Fesca [Festa] - Mesdames Flora Harris and Cordner, Messrs. Jackson and Beaumont.
Song - Suliote war song - Mr. G. F. Beaumont . . .
PART II . . . Duet - Flow gentle Deva - Messrs. Jackson and Beaumont . . .
Mr. W. J. CORDNER, Conductor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Flora Harris (vocalist); William and Ellen Cordner (conductor, vocalist); George Forbes Jackson (vocalist)

"GENERAL NEWS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (27 September 1873), 4 

Mr. G. T. Beaumont [sic], well known for many years in the musical world of Mudgee, died on Sunday morning, September 21, from effusion on the brain, the result of previous sickness. He was twenty-nine years of age.

BEAUMONT, William George (William George BEAUMONT; W. G. BEAUMONT; Mr. BEAUMONT)

Amateur bellringer, change ringer, publican

Born Hull, Yorkshire, England, 25 November 1812; baptised Drypool, 25 December 1812; son of George BEAUMONT (c. 1789-1828) and Elizabeth YEOMAN (c. 1792-1871)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 6 November 1823 (with parents, immigrants per Jupiter, from England)
Married Sarah Ann JOHNSON (1823-1902), Hobart, TAS, 2 September 1841
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 1 September 1893, aged "81/82" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, Drypool, Yorkshire, 1812; England, select births and christenings (PAYWALL)

25 December 1812 / William George / son of George Beaumont

1841, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:827896; RGD37/1/2 no 995 (DIGITISED)

No. 995 / September 2nd [1841] / Mr. Beaumont's residence Old Wharf /
William George Beaumont / Of full age / Licensed Victualer / [and] Sarah Ann Johnson / Minor / . . .
according to the rites and ceremonies of the Independents . . .

"BELL RINGING", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (12 August 1847), 2 

The meeting called for Tuesday evening, to organize a company of Bell Ringers, was attended by more than thirty persons. After several excellent peals had been rung on the hand bells belonging to Mr. Champion by several old ringers present, and one or two amateurs, Mr. W. G. Beaumont, of the Old Wharf, was called to the Chair, and the business of the evening commenced. A rough draft of Rules for the government of the Belfry operative Council were read, and referred for re-consideration on Friday (to-morrow) evening, at 7 o'clock. They were prepared by an old English ringer, assisted by the master of the bells, Mr. Champion. Eight persons entered themselves as acquainted with the art of bell-ringing, and eight others as students. There cannot be a doubt therefore, that a very considerable musical noise will be made on the first trial at a treble bob major. There will be no sleep that night, for some people. Three peals were rung at the conclusion of the proceedings, in honor of the Chair, and then
"All went merry as a marriage bell."
Lord John Manners, the present regenerator of old British sports, ought to have been present. His health must not be forgotten on the night the first peal is opened.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Champion (master of the ringers); Trinity Amateur Ringing Association (association)

"MASONIC BENEVOLENT FUND. THE THEATRE", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (9 September 1847), 3 

The call made by the members of the Masonic Benevolent Institution, in aid of its funds, were most generously responded to on Monday last . . . Messrs. Mezger, Toby, Champion, W. G. Beaumont, Downer, and Lovett were in attendance, to receive visitors and strangers . . . During the evening, the Hand-bells, kindly lent for the occasion by Mr. Champion, were rung in a way which promises a very successful opening of the Belfrey of Trinity Church by the same artists. They are entitled to our best thanks. The Band of the 96th regiment, under the direction of its talented and very obliging master, Mr. Bishop, played some splendid and animated pieces, such as were likely to rouse the better feelings of our nature . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Bishop (master); Band of the 96h Regiment (military); Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

"Local Intelligence", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (2 December 1847), 3 

THE BELLS rung a merry peal at half-past three, a.m. yesterday morning. The following were the ringers: -
No. 1 Norton, 2 Champion, Jun., 3 Davis, 4 Creswell, Jun., 5 Hilton, 6 Bastian, 7 Milson, and 8 W. G. Beaumont,

ASSOCIATIONS: William Champion junior (bellringer)

"THE CHURCH BELLS OF ST. TRINITY", The Courier (4 December 1847), 2 

We have casually noticed, in our regatta report, the public opening of the bells at an early hour in the morning. After that, the bells were twice rung-first at half-past eight, and again at a quarter-past four in the afternoon, with a marked improvement in the performances. When we consider that, with two exceptions, the ringers are native youths, who have had no experience but by practice with Mr. Champion's hand-bells, and a very brief period of ringing with the muffled bells since they were placed in the tower, much more was achieved than might have been anticipated giving promise of future excellence. The following are the names of the ringers who opened the bells:-
No. 1, Norton ; 2, Champion, junr.; 3, Davis; 4. Creswell, junr.; 6, Hilton; 6, Basstian; 7, Milson; and 8, W. G. Beaumont.

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (2 September 1893), 3 

Our obituary notices to-day record the death of a very old colonist in Mr. William George Beaumont, who died at his residence, Lower Collins-street, yesterday morning. Deceased had been in failing health for some time, and his death was, therefore, not unexpected. He was born at Hull, England, on November 25, 1811 [sic, 1812], and was therefore in his 82nd year. His parents migrated to Tasmania in the year 1823, when he accompanied them, afterwards being apprenticed to the late Mr. Whitaker, cabinet maker. After completion of his apprenticeship, he proceeded to Launceston, where he resided for several years. On his return to Hobart he became lessee of the Shades Tavern, Old Wharf, subsequently, with the view of improving his fortune he proceeded to the New Zealand gold-diggings with the late Mr. Gracie, remaining there for some time, but with varying success. Ultimately he came back to Hobart, and filled the position of host at two licensed houses in Liverpool-street. Deceased was one of the first members of the Trinity Bellringers' Association, and always evinced a warm interest in the society and its doings. He was also for many years connected with the Volunteer Artillery, of which he was a very enthusiastic member, but increasing age compelled him to resign his position in the corps a few years ago. The deceased married a daughter of the late Mr. W. Johnson, of the Green Valley, Bagdad, who survives him. Two daughters are residing in Victoria. The old couple celebrated their golden wedding two years ago, and to-day, had Mr. Beaumont lived, they would have been able to celebrate another anniversary. His demise will be regretted by a large circle of friends and acquaintances. The deceased was initiated into Freemasonry in the Tasmanian Operative Lodge, T.C., on the evening of St. John's Day, 1840. He was appointed I.G. to that lodge in December, 1841, and gradually worked his way to the chair, being elected as Worshipful Master about the year 1848 . . . during the last 53 years it would have been impossible to have found a more regular attendant or a more enthusiastic Mason . . .

"THE LATE Mr. W. G. BEAUMONT", Tasmanian News (4 September 1893), 2 

The remains of the late Mr. W. G. Beaumont interred at the Cornelian Bay Cemetery yesterday afternoon with Masonic honors . . . In the evening the bells of Trinity Church were muffled out of respect to his memory.

BECKER, Franz (Franz Louis Leopold BECKER, R.A.M.; Franz BECKER; Francis BECKER; Herr BECKER)

Musician, professor of music, pianist, organist, composer

Born Hannover (Germany), c. 1840; son of Louis (Ludwig) BECKER
Active Kyneton, VIC, 1867-69
Active Newcastle, NSW, by 1870
Married Fanny Louise FORTEY, QLD, 30 April 1883
Died Bundaberg, QLD, 27 July 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



[News], The Kyneton Observer (10 October 1867), 2 

The special entertainment at the Mechanics' Institute on Tuesday night for the benefit of Mr. James Thies, was one of the most successful that has been held in Kyneton for years, and was extensively and liberally patronised . . . the entertainment being opened by Herr Becker, a professional gentleman who has lately taken up his residence amongst us, who played a selection from "Der Freischutz" . . . Madam Steinmeyer sang the "Prayer from Der Freischutz" in a very feeling manner, and being in good voice was warmly applauded . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Catherina Steinmeyer (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Newcastle Chronicle (20 January 1870), 1

Hunter River Amateur Musical and Literary COMPETITIVE ASSOCIATION.
NOTICE. NOTICE. THE above public gathering will take place on the 26th inst.
The Hon. Henry Parkes, M.L.A., will preside.
J. C. Fisher, Esq., Judge.
Herr Franz Becker has been engaged, and will preside at the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Parkes (chair); James Churchill Fisher (adjudicator)

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (10 March 1874), 3 

The following is the programme to be gone through by the West Maitland Volunteer Band, in Sawyer's paddock, on Thursday evening: - . . .
air, by E. Kearns . . . waltz, "The Hunter," H. Prince; polka, "Sybella," Herr Becker . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Prince (bandmaster, composer); Edward Kearns (musician, composer); West Maitland Volunteer Band (volunteer forces)

"Myrtle Villa Polka", The Newcastle Chronicle (22 January 1876), 4

We have received a very charming polka, bearing the above euphonious title, dedicated to our esteemed townsman W. K. Lochhead, Esq., and composed by the popular Maestro, Herr Franz Becker. Our fair readers will find the composition remarkably pleasing, being in an easy key, and without any of those sudden transitions which at times render polka music rather difficult of rendition. We heartily commend Myrtle Villa polka to the notice of our music-loving friends. Mater and Co. of Pitt-street, Sydney, are the publishers.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (23 June 1883), 8

Circulars on application to Messrs. A. Shaw & Co., Flavelle Bros,, or H. L. Davis, Esq.

[News], Morning Bulletin (31 July 1897), 5

It is our painful duty, says the Bundaberg Star of the 27th of July, to have to announce the decease, with shockingly suddenness, at his residence early yesterday morning, of Herr Becker, heart disease being the cause. On Monday evening the deceased was apparently in the best of health, romping about with his children until ten o'clock, and then walking down to Targo-street with his father-in-law, Mr. Fortey. He remained chatting there for about half an hour, and strangely enough during the conversation remarked that he would prefer to die suddenly instead of after a protracted sickness; little suspecting then how near he was to the consummation of his wish. Returning home he retired at eleven o'clock and woke about half past three o'clock without complaining in the slightest of feeling unwell. After a short time he said to Mrs. Becker, who was also awake, "Oh, I feel so happy," and throwing his arms across her chest gave three gasps and then ceased to breath [sic]. Mrs. Becker in alarm sent her eldest daughter across the road for medical assistance, and meantime bathed her husband's face with warm water, thinking he had fainted. Dr. Sugden came without loss of time and immediately pronounced life extinct, the sad intelligence being accentuated by the fact that although for the last two years deceased complained occasionally of his heart beating violently, it was never suspected the organ was dangerously affected.

Herr Becker, who was born in Hanover in 1840, came to the colonies in the middle of the seventies [sic], having previously travelled almost in every part of the globe, and spent several years in Chile. From Melbourne he came up to Charters Towers, where he remained for six years, and eventually came to Bundaberg with his wife and her family in 1883. With the exception of a few months, when he removed to Sydney, he lived continuously in this town, giving instructions in music. As a brilliant pianist he had no equal in this district, and in musical circles his presence will be greatly missed. A widow and four children, ranging in age from thirteen to four years, are left to mourn their irreparable loss.

"Local and General News", The Bundaberg Mail and Burnett Advertiser (30 July 1897), 2 

The funeral of Herr Franz Louis Leopold Becker, R.A.M., took place yesterday afternoon, and was largely attended by all sections of the community, their presence testifying to the general esteem in which the departed was held. Headed by the members of the Town Band, with the officers of Mulgrave Lodge, to which deceased belonged, acting as pall bearers, the mournful procession wended its way down Bourbon street to the Cemetery, where the Rev. J. Mackenzie officiated, the masonic service being read by Bro. G. Knott. The coffin, as it was lowered into the grave, was covered with beautiful wreaths from friends of the family and old music pupils. To a correspondent we are indebted for the following further particulars regarding deceased: -

He was the son of Professor Louis Becker, Capel Meister to the King of Hanover, and a welcome visitor at the palace, joining the younger branches in duets etc. He was a student at the Leipzig Conservatorium, the highest musical college in the world, for 6 years, and passed with grand eclat after his performance before five thousand auditors. His sound knowledge of the theory of music could not be surpassed on this side of the globe. He was fond of playing extemporary music, which he at all times did with delightful expression of feeling. He conducted the Madame Agatha States Opera Company through America, California and Chili, and also conducted Madame Anna Bishop's grand concerts through the colonies composing many brilliant pieces for the latter, which were highly spoken of by the Press critics. Perhaps Newcastle (N.S.W.) knew him better than any other city in Australia and when he was leaving there his merits were acknowledged by the leading paper, the Herald, as follows:

"We are sorry to hear that the public of Newcastle are about to sustain a great loss, by the departure of the worthy maestro, Herr Becker. He has for years been resident amongst us; and has always been most willing to give his able services in the cause of charity. He has also by precept and example considerably elevated the musical taste of this city; and we think it our duty to recommend that he should not be allowed to leave our midst without some substantial recognition of his services."

And neither was he.

ASSOCIATIONS: Agatha States (vocalist, manager); Anna Bishop (vocalist)

Extant musical works:

Love's philosophy (? 1870)

Love's philosophy, ballad, sung by Madame Anna Bishop with unbounded applause, poetry by Shelley, music by Franz Becker (Sydney: Elvy & Co.; Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [? 1870]), Chas. Troedel, litho. . . . Melbourne" (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Robert Hammond Elvy (publisher); William Henderson Glen (publisher); Charles Troedel (lithographer)

Sybella polka (c. 1870-1876)

Sybella polka, by Franz Becker, to Miss Sybella Prince (Newcastle: [publisher / seller blank], [n.d.]); "J. A. Engel . . . Sydney"

Copy in private collection

ASSOCIATIONS: Sybella Agnes Prince (dedicatee, musician); John Alexander Engel (printer)

The W.K.L., or, Myrtle Villa polka (1876)

The W.K.L., or, Myrtle Villa polka, composed for the pianoforte by Franz Becker, R.A.M.; to W. K. Lockhead, esq., Newcastle, N.S.W., second edition ([1] West Maitland: H. Paskins, [1876]; [2] Sydney: Elvy & Co.; West Maitland: C. M. Clark, [1876]), "J. A. Engel, printer . . . Sydney" ([1] Paskins - DIGITISED) ([2] Elvy, Clark - DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Paskins (musicseller); Charles Miller Clark junior (musicseller); John Alexander Engel (printer)

The merry brewer of Bundaberg (1897)

The merry brewer of Bundaberg (morceau de danse; dedicated to Gustav Steindl, brewer, of Bundaberg) (Sydney, Brisbane: W. H. Paling, [1897])

BECKER, Ludwig (Ludwig BECKER)

Transcriber of Indigenous songs, ? birdsongs, artist, naturalist, songwriter, lithographer

Born near Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 5 September 1808
Arrived ? Launceston, TAS, 10 March 1851 (per Hannah, from Liverpool)
Died Bullo Rover, QLD, 28/29 April 1861 (TROVE tagged) (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)


According to Caroline Denison, wife of the governor, with whom Becker stayed:

he is a most amusing person, talks English badly, but very energetically - he is one of those universal geniuses who can do anything . . . a very good naturalist, geologist . . . draws and plays and sings, conjures and ventriloquises and imitates the notes of birds so accurately.

He wrote and illustrated his own Ein Australisch Lied (An Australian song) (Melbourne, 1860) ("to be sung when one is well, to the tune: "Mannheim eine schöne Stadt . . .").

Becker joined Robert O'Hara Burke's exploring expedition, leaving Melbourne on 20 August 1860.

In a despatch sent back from Menindee to the Royal Society of Victoria on 27 November, he included 2 Indigenous songs, YAAM-SONG (CORROBOREE SONG) (translation), and ANARUKA-SONG (CREEK-SONG) (text, music, translation).

He died with his colleagues William Purcell and Charles Stone at the expedition's camp on the western bank of Koorliatto Waterhole, Bulloo River in 1861.

See main entry on Becker's Indigenous song transcriptions: 


"FUNERAL HONOURS BY AN EYE-WITNESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 February 1863), 5

. . . why were not the remains of Dr. Ludwig Becker brought down? His position in the exploring party was simply that of an artist, but Ludwig Becker was one of the most accomplished men in various respects that ever found his way to the colony, and his scientific attainments were accompanied by a clearness and grace of demonstration that has left few equals. But not a word has been breathed as to his bones being left unhonoured in the far wilderness. Even his name has been continually confused with that of Dr. Beckler, so that most people imagined the latter was, in all cases, the gentleman really intended, and that no such person as Ludwig Becker had ever existed. Sic tibi terra levis.*

* The last time I had any prolonged conversation with Ludwig Becker, was during an accidental meeting on the sea shore, near St. Kilda. He was wandering there alone, looking for a peculiar kind of shell. The wonderful, and equally beautiful Aurora Australis had recently appeared, and I asked him to explain, to me the cause of the phenomenon. We sat down, and with his fingers he drew in the sand an arc of the globe - described the polar lights on magnetic and electric principles - and then drew the rays, and afterwards their diverging and complex eccentricities. Leaving this admirable drawing on the sand, as we rose and walked onwards, again and again I looked back, wishing it could be preserved, and regretting that the next tide would sweep it all away; but little thinking that he who had drawn it would himself be swept away, with equal oblivion, as a thing of nought.

. . . But should this paper meet the eye of any one who may have felt, as I would wish, the brief reference to Ludwig Becker, and should the same man ever chance to pass the far-off spot where his bones lie, let me pray of that stranger to raise some little cairn of stones, to mark the resting-place of a lover of science, wasted and forgotten in the wilderness.
"Let no rude hand deface it,
And its forlorn a Hic jacet."

ASSOCIATIONS: Hermann Beckler (medical practitioner, botanist)

Other musical works:

Ein Australisch' Lied, zu singen, wenn man gesund ist, nach der Melodie: Mannheim eine schöne Stadt, Wo jed' Quadrat ein Viereck hat. etc. Erdacht, gezeichnet und lithographiert von El Bekr. Der Reinertrag zum Besten der "Deutschen Vereine" in Australien (Melbourne: J. Carr, imp., 1860) (DIGITISED) (transcription and translation)

Ludwig Becker, Ein Australisch' Lied, excerpt

. . . Er kaufte sich ein Quarzreefschäre
Und spekulierte gar zu sehr!
In Tarrangower, Ballarat;
In Meyer’s Flatt, in Arrarat.

Zuletzt am alten Forest Creek
Verlässt ihn sein bisherig Glück:
Er nimmt die Fiddel in die Hand
Und zieht als Musikant durchs Land . . .

. . . He bought himself a share in a quartz-reef mine
And speculated far too much!
In Tarrangower, Ballarat;
In Meyer’s Flat, in Ararat.

Finally at old Forest Creek
He ran out of his usual luck:
He takes his fiddle in his hand
And travels around the country as a musician . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Marjorie J. Tippling, "Becker, Ludwig (1808-1861)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Marjorie Tipping, An Australian song, Ludwig Becker's protest, with a commentary and free translation into English verse (Richmond: Greenhouse, 1984)

"Ludwig Becker (explorer)", Wikipedia

"Ludwig Becker", Design & art Australia online (DAAO)

BECKFORD, Thomas Leaman (Thomas Leaman BICKFORD [sic]; Thomas Leaman BECKFORD; T. L. BECKFORD)

Amateur musician, organist, violoncello player, cello player, cellist, farmer, merchant

Born Devon, England, 1785; baptised St. Mary, Bickington, Devon, 4 February 1785; son of John BICKFORD (1762-1836) and Margaret LEAMAN (1763-1827)
Married Elizabeth GLOYNS (1783-1868), St. Gluvius, Cornwall, 30 April 1810
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 24 October 1825 (per Mountaineer, from Plymouth, 25 April, via Cape of Good Hope, 5 September)
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 20/21 January 1826 (per Darling, from Hobart, 15 January)
Died Launceston, TAS, 21 November 1852, aged "67" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Hobart Town Gazette (29 October 1825), 2 

October 24. - The ship Mountaineer, Captain Herbert, from Plymouth, 25th April, Cape of Good Hope, 5th September, with a general cargo of goods. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Bickford and child . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . SAILED", The Hobart Town Gazette (21 January 1826), 2 

Jan. 15. - The Schooner Darling, Captain Dowsett, for Launceston, with sundry goods. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Bickford and servant, who settle in that neighbourhood . . .

[Advertisement], The Independent [Launceston] (7 June 1834), 2 

Piano Forte tuning.
IN consequence of repeated solicitations to TUNE PIANO FORTES,
I beg to inform the Gentry of Launceston, that I shall be happy to attend Professionally to their calls.
Rosewyn, Pleasant Hills, 3rd June, 1834.

[Launceston news], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 2

The concert at the British Hotel on Wednesday evening was most respectably attended, and the gentlemen amateurs deserve much praise for their exertions to gratify the company. Mrs. Davis presided at the piano-forte, and was very ably supported by Messrs. Munce, jun. (on the violin), Curzon (German flute), and Beckford (violincello). Ibid. [Launceston Independent.]

ASSOCIATIONS: Sophia Letitia Davis (vocalist, pianist); Mr. Munce junior (violin); Mr. Curzon (flute)

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (27 May 1841), 2 

In the matter of the Insolvency of Thomas Leeman Beckford of Pleasant Hills, on the River Tamar, in Van Diemen's Land, gentleman.
NOTICE is hereby given that at the first general meeting of the Creditors of the above-named Insolvent, John Atkinson, of Launceston, Esquire, was appointed permanent assignee of the estate and effects of the said Insolvent.
Dated this 26th day of May, 1841. GEORGE HORNE, Solicitor of the Insolvency.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (21 April 1842), 2

Public Meeting. SEVERAL Gentlemen,
desirous to relieve Mr. Beckford, an old and highly esteemed fellow colonist, from the state of absolute penury to which he is reduced by the failure of Mr. Richard Scott, invite their fellow townsmen and others to meet them at the Commercial and Agricultural Exchange in Charles-street, on Friday afternoon, the 22nd instant, at one o'clock, to consider the best means to carry the object into effect. April 16.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Scott of Launceston, sailmaker and ship chandler, and his business partner John Samuel Uther, were declared insolvent in May 1841

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (30 March 1843), 1

GRAND CONCERT. Under Distinguished Patronage.
MR. & MRS. BUSHELLE, with Mr. J. HENRI ANDERSON, student of the Royal Academy of Music, London,
beg to announce that they purpose holding their first
CONCERT of Vocal and instrumental Music, at the New Concert Rooms, opposite the Court-house,
Patterson-street, THIS EVENING, the 30th inst.
VOCAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Richards, Mr. Turner, Mr. Bushelle, and several amateurs.
INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS. Mr. Kowarzik, Leader and Conductor of the Orchestra;
Grand Pianoforte, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Bishop, Mr. Megson, Mr. Richards, Mr. McDonald,
Mr. Beckford, and (by permission of Colonel Cumberland) the Orchestra will be strengthened by a selection from the excellent Band of H. M. 96th Regiment.
Programme. PART I.
Overture, "Fra Diavolo," Full Band.
1. Grand Air from Norma, "Gentle Goddess," with full orchestral accompaniments - Mrs. Bushelle.
2. Song from the Somnambula, "As I view these scenes so charming," with orchestral accompaniments, Mr. Bushelle.
3. Ballad, Mrs. Richards.
4. Song, "The Smuggler King," Mr. Turner.
5. Grand Concerto, Violin, De Beriot, Mr. Kowarzik.
0. Ballad, "Black-eyed Susan," Mrs. Bushelle.
7. The celebrated air, "Non piu Andrai," from Mozart's Figaro, with full orchestral accompaniments, Mr. Bushelle.
8. Concerto, Grand Pianoforte, Hummel, Mr. J. H. Anderson.
9. Grand Aria, "Sommo Cielo," from Pacini's "Schiava in Bagdad," violin obligato, Mr. Kowarzik, Mrs. Bushelle.
Overture to Zampa - Herold - Full Band.
1 . Buffo Duet, from the Barber of Seville, Rossini, Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle.
2. Ballad, Mrs. Richards.
3. The favorite Song, "When time hath bereft thee," Auber, Mr. Bushelle.
4. Song, "I'm afloat," Mr. Turner.
5. Song, "Let others rejoice," Mr. Bushelle.
6. Song, "Wanted a governess," Mrs. Bushelle.
7. Grand Buffo Song, from the Barber of Seville, "Lo the factotum," Rossini, with orchestral accompaniments, Mr. Bushelle.
8. Grand Finale, from Cindrella, "Now with grief no longer bending," Rossini, Mrs. Bushelle.
Tickets 7s. 6d. each ; to be had of Mr. Cozens, Chemist; Madame Duchene, Charles-street; and at the Hibernia Hotel, Bathurst-street.
Children under twelve years, half price. Doors open at half-past seven; the Concert will commence at eight o'clock precisely.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza and John Bushelle (vocalists); James Henri Anderson (pianist); Dorothea and Henry Richards (vocalist, musician); Joseph Megson (violin); Alexander McDonald (musician); Edward Bishop, master of the Band of the 96th Regiment (military)

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (22 April 1843), 5 

Mrs. RICHARDS begs to announce her CONCERT THIS EVENING, At the Concert Rooms, Patterson-street.
Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle kindly give their gratuitous assistance.
They will be assisted by Messrs. Megson, Beckford, Bishop, McDonald, and other instrumentalists.
Tickets at the usual places. - Particulars see small bills. -
Saturday, April 22.

"SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (20 November 1844), 2 

It is in contemplation to establish a Subscription Concert in this town, under the superintendence of Messrs. Beckford and Megson, whose acknowledged first-rate musical talent is a guarantee for the efficient accomplishment of the undertaking, and a pledge for the judicious arrangement, necessary to afford to an audience pleasure and satisfaction. In the absence of public amusements at this time, (wholly so, we believe, for the ladies,) the public thanks are due to Messrs. Beckford and Megson for endeavouring to afford a means of innocent gratification; and we trust they will meet with general support. The terms, which will be most moderate, will be published in a future number of this paper.

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor of . . .", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 May 1845), 2 

SIR, - I was solicited sometime ago, by Mr. Beckford, to subscribe to a Concert, which I did, but have heard nothing more about it - permit me to ask that gentleman, if he is become like the rest, begin all fire, and end in smoke; I always thought him a man of perseverance in whatever he undertook, but it appears not to be the case. If you will, through your paper, ask him the cause of his not fulfilling his promise to the public, that we may know in future bow to place our expectations on promises, you will oblige a subscriber,
Launceston, May 20.

"ORGANIST", Launceston Examiner (12 July 1845), 4

The situation of Organist at St. John's Church has been obtained by Mr. Megson, who is at present at Melbourne with the theatrical company. There were three other candidates. We understand Mr. Beckford has undertaken the office until Mr. Megson's return.

ASSOCIATIONS: St. John's church (Launceston)

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor of . . .", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1845), 9

SIR, - your remarks on the situation of Organist of St. John's church, in Saturday's number, being erroneous, allow me, who have been the principal cause of any unpleasant feeling, to explain, and to the point at once: -
Mr. Megson, it is well known, for the last two years attended, and has done the duty of Organist very satisfactorily in the absence or Mrs. Nairne, and always expressed a desire for the situation - if ever it became vacant. When about to sail for Melbourne, he knew of Mrs. N.'s intention of leaving Launceston, but not for three months, and requested me to do the duty until he came back and made his application for the office. When the advertisement appeared, I proposed for him, and offered to fill the situation with my best ability until he either returned, or that I could hear from him. On Thursday last, after hearing my remarks, and the impossibility of Mr. Megson's being acquainted with Mrs. N.'s sudden resignation, or having it in his power to take any step for the completion of his desire, the wardens most kindly and in the most gentlemanly manner expressed them, selves to the candidates, saying, that under such circumstances, and considering Mr. Megson was from his conduct at the church entitled to some courtesy, they would postpone the election until I could communicate with him. Now sir, you tee the situation is not kept, nor is it promised to Mr. M., but only to give him time to be a candidate, and to come into competition with others. From the tone of your remarks you appear to think Mr. Leffler the only competent applicant, and seem to throw a slur on Mr. Megson because he hat stepped out of hit original calling into one more congenial to his feelings; this I think is not according to your usual liberality, for we are not in China or India to be obliged to keep to the caste of our progenitors. I remark not on Mr. Leffler or Mr. Howson's musical talent, not knowing anything of their abilities, but admit them to possess everything desirable for their pursuits in life - still in the present cake I think, and have no doubt the whole town will think, that the churchwardens have acted with kindness, justice, and according to the christian principle of doing to others as they would wish to be done unto. I little thought when wishing to lay Mr. Megson's desire before the church to have created any unpleasant or angry feeling, and am sorry for it, but there must be discord even in music.
By giving this a place in your next you will oblige,
sir, your most obedient servant, - T. L. BECKFORD.
July 15.

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Nairne (musician); Edmund Leffler (musician); Francis Howson senior (musician)

"SERMONS AT ST. JOHN'S AND TRINITY", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 June 1848), 2

On Sunday morning, the Lord Bishop preached at St. John's, and in the evening at Trinity; both Churches were well filled . . . We may just observe, that the chanting and singing at St. John's was very good, and Mr. Beckford, the Organist, deserves praise for his attention to this portion of the Church service. The Miserere was tastefully performed.

"Mrs. Chester's Concert", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 September 1848), 19

On Friday evening, Mrs. Chester made her first appearance before a Launceston audience, as a Concert singer, and although she was evidently labouring under a severe cold, her debut was successful. On Mrs. Chester's advance to the platform, she was universally applauded, and after the performance of an Overture by the Band of H. M. 96th, she sang the famous ballad of "The Rover's Bride," by A. Lee, the Professor under whom we understand Mrs. Chester studied the art of singing for about two years . . . A couple or Scotch ballads - "Auld Robin Gray," and "John Anderson my Jo," were also tastefully given, and (the latter in particular), much applauded. "The joyous days of Childhood" was another sweet ballad, which, spite of the singer's harassing cough, was touchingly sung. The concluding song, "The Wild White Rose" was unavoidably interrupted by a violent cough, but upon the whole the taste displayed in Mrs. Chester's selection, and performance was admirable. The Piano Forte used was not in first-rate tune, and the accompaniment was consequently somewhat deficient. A celebrated Sinfonia by Haydn was perforated by a portion of the band, assisted by Mr. Beckford, who lent the music for the occasion. Mr. Bishop the master of the Band, and Mr. Howson, Senr., displayed much ability in this portion of the entertainment. Several glees were sung by Amateurs during the evening, and gave general satisfaction, "Lightly tread" being the favorite. We hope Mrs. Chester's speedy restoration to health will give another opportunity to the inhabitants to witness her talented exertions.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marian Maria Chester (vocalist); Alexander Lee (composer, Chester's teacher)

"Church Music", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1850), 77

A short time since, we had occasion to notice the improvement that was being made with respect to the Choir of St. John's Church, which is composed of young persons (male and female) who have devoted nearly all their spare time gratuitously, in promoting the advancement of the psalmody of the Church. Since then, the improvement made in the singing, has been the theme of universal approbation, and for which the congregation are, in a great measure indebted to our old respected townsman Mr. Beckford, who has for nearly the last four years presided at the organ, during which time, he has been untiring in his endeavours to instruct the young Choristers under his superintendence; several favorite anthems, a beautiful sanctus, and some other sacred pieces, have been introduced by Mr. Beckford, which have given the utmost satisfaction.

COURT OF REQUESTS. TUESDAY, JUNE 4", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 June 1850), 361 

T. L. Beckford v. John Williams, piano-forte maker, Hobart Town. -
An action on the ballance of an unpaid promissory note. -
Verdict for plaintiff, £10 10s.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Williams (pianoforte maker)

1852, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1146414; RGD35/1/17 no. 608 (DIGITISED)

No. 698 / 21 November / Thomas Leaman Beckford / Male / 67 years 10 Months / Merchant / Inflammation of the lungs . . .

"The late Mr. Beckford", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 November 1852), 780

Mr. Beckford, a very old colonist, and well-known as having officiated for a number of years as organist, at S. John's Church, expired on Sunday last. His funeral took place yesterday afternoon, and was attended by about one hundred and fifty persons.

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (5 March 1868), 4

BECKFORD. - On 27th February, at East Collingwood, Victoria, Elizabeth, relict of the late T. L. Beckford, Esq., of Tasmania, aged 84 years.

"REMINISCENCES. [BY. B]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

A few months ago you published some reminiscences of old Launceston furnished by various correspondents. I wish now to add a few to those already presented, and shall deal principally with matters musical. Here is something of a curiosity in that line. About 59 years since (1833) my father arrived here from England, and on the first Sunday after his arrival attended worship in St. John's Church. The singing, such as it was, was chiefly noticeable from the absence of instrumental aid, though an organ, resplendent in its polished oak case with gilt pipes, stood in the gallery. As he was leaving the church, my father enquired from the verger the reason of the organ's silence, and received for answer, "The organist in serving a sentence in the chain gang, so we can't have any music." Some years later than this Mrs. Nairn became organist; at one time the post was occupied by Mr. Beckford, who, being unfortunate in farming pursuits, removed to town and entered into business. Whilst he was organist a severe epidemic of influenza prevailed all over the colony, and Mr. Beckford did not escape. Although suffering severely he would not neglect his duties, and was at his post on Sunday. Whilst in the midst of a psalm a violent fit of coughing came on which brought that chant to an abrupt conclusion. I believe Miss Henry, now Mrs. H. B. Nicholls, was at one time organist at St. John's, then Mr. William Snelling, afterwards Mr. Tom Sharp, who held the post for many years. He added as octave of pedals to the organ, which, though an instrument of exceptional sweetness and mellowness of tone, was without these necessary aids to modern playing. After some years, through Mr. Sharp's exertions, the present organ was procured, the old one being sold . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Button (father of writer, arrived 1833)

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Leaman BICKFORD, Geneanet 

St. John's Anglican Church, Franklin, TAS; Organ Historical Trust of Australia 

The original organ of St. John's, Launceston, by John Gray of London, 1826, now at Franklin; the church and contents were sold by the Diocese of Tasmania in 2020, and are now preserved by local private owners

BEDDECK ("T. BEDDECK"; ? probably correctly Frank Newell BEDDECK)


? Born Windwor, NSW, 7 April 1835; baptised St. Matthew's (Anglican), Windsor, 25 March 1836; son of Francis BEDDECK (d. NSW, 1852) and Elizabeth BLACKFORD
? Married Emily DOUGLAS, St. John's, Parramatta, 15 December 1856 (aged "21")
Active Parramatta, NSW, 1858
? Arrived QLD, by 1861
? Died Brisbane, QLD, 27 January 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: St. John's Parramatta (music at); Music in Anglican churches (general); Beddeck was plausibly a former pupil of William Stanley


? 1856, marriages solemnized in the district of Parramatta; St John's, Parramatta (PAYWALL)

No. 10 / Dec 15 1856 / St. John's Church Parramatta / Frank Newell Beddeck / Bachelor / [born] NSW / Gentleman / 21 / [residence] Parramatta / [son of] Francis Beddeck, Solicitor [and] Elizabeth (Blackford)
Elizabeth Gibson / Widow / 3 living children by former marriage / [born] England / 36 / [daughter of] William Creswick [and] Ann (Hyde) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Since his appointment on 1 January 1854, Beddeck had been clerk to the medical advisor at the Parramatta Lunatic Asylums; see: (PAYWALL)

"THE BANQUET TO MR. PARKER", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1857), 4 

THE banquet given to Mr, Parker by his constituents was not merely an ovation, it was a commemoration a commemoration of honours worthily conferred . . . The town of Parramatta has its heart in the right place . . . Amongst other gentleman of influence in the district, we noticed Mr. Ryan Brenan. Mr. E. Moriarty, Dr. Greenup, Mr. C. McRae, Mr. F. Beddeck . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser [QLD] (22 August 1883), 2 

The following is from the Mackay Mercury of August 11: - "The late Town Clerk, Mr. F. N. Beddeck, who was dismissed from his office by the Council on Wednesday, was arrested on the following day on a charge of embezzling Corporation moneys, amounting in the aggregate to a total of £503 3s 8d . . . and was sentenced to two years' imprisonment in Brisbane gaol. Mr. Beddeck was Clerk of Petty Sessions in Rockhampton from 1862 to 1877, and his accounts having become "mixed," be was suspended and afterwards dismissed. His friends here arranged to pay the discovered deficiency, thus avoiding criminal proceedings being taken. He was not so fortunate in his second escapade.

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme D. Rushworth, Historic organs of New South Wales: the instruments, their makers and players 1791-1940 (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, 1988), 24 

. . . [St. John's, Parramatta] . . . No organist's name is recorde until 1858 when the office was held by Mr. T. Beddeck [sic] . . . From 1860 the organist was Alfred McManis . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred McManis (later organist)

Frank Newell Beddeck, Find a grave 

BEDFORD, Virginia Mary (Virginia Mary BEDFORD; Miss BEDFORD; "V. M. B."; Mrs. Arthur Frederick FITZSIMONS)

Amateur musician, composer

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 15 February 1838; daughter of Edward Samuel Pickard BEDFORD (1808-1876) and Mary SELBY (1809-1882)
Married Arthur Frederick FITZSIMONS (d. 1872), St. David's cathedral, Hobart, TAS, 25 June 1859
Died Petersham, NSW, 28 February 1917 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. David's Hobart Town in the County of Buckingham in the year 1838; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1086000; RGD32/1/2/ no 8318 (DIGITISED)

No. 451 / 21st March / [born] 15th Feb'y 1838 / Virginia Mary / [daughter of] Edward Samuel Pickard and Mary / Bedford / Hobart Town / Esquire / [officiant] William Bedford

ASSOCIATIONS: William Bedford (clergyman, her grandfather)

England census, 30 March 1851, Kensington, Middlesex; HO107/1468/719/77 (PAYWALL)

1 South Bank / Johann Stemhauser / Widower / 75 / Retired Merchant / [born] . . . Saxony
Anna [Stemhauser] / Daur. / unm. / 37 / Instructress Governess / [born] Middl'x London
Harriet [Stemhauser] / Daur. / unm. / [Instructress Governess] / [born] [Middl'x London]
Virginia Bedford / Pupil / unm. / 13 / Scholar / [born] Hobart Town
Eleanor Bedford / Pupil / unm. / 11 / Scholar / [born] Hobart Town . . . [no other pupils]

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF HOBART TOWN. ARRIVALS", Colonial Times (7 December 1854), 2 

Dec. . . . 6. - Antipodes, ship, 648 tons, Mcpherson, from London August 29 with general cargo. Passengers . . . Misses Bedford, (2) . . .

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian Daily News (4 July 1855), 4 

. . . Just published, by Huxtable and Deakin . . .
"The Forget me Not Waltz," by V. M. B. Price 1s. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Huxtable and Deakin (publishers)

"MARRIAGES", The Hobart Town Mercury (12 July 1859), 2

June 5 - At St. David's Cathedral by the Ven. Archdeacon, Davies, Arthur F. Fitzsimons, Esq., 40th Regt., to Virginia, eldest daughter of the Hon. E. S. P. Bedford, Esq., M.L.C. of Hawthorden, Hobart Town.

See also the transcript marriage register entry, which has the groom as "Walter Frederick Fitzsimons", though he signed himself "A. F. Fitzsimons"

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1917), 6 

FITZSIMONS - February 28, in her 80th year, Virginia Mary, widow of the late Arthur Frederick Fitzsimons, Major, Permanent Forces, New South Wales, and formerly of H.M. 4th Reg.

Musical work:

The forget me not waltz, composed and affectionately dedicated to Mrs. Bedford by V.M.B (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Bolger, "Bedford, Edward Samuel (1809-1876)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

BEE, John (John BEE; J. BEE)

Amateur musician, singing class conductor

Born Bidford, Warwickshire, England, 1817; baptised Salford, 10 August 1817; son of Elisha BEE and Ann DANCE
Married Elizabeth HALL (d. 1893), by c. 1845
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 October 1852 (per Wanata, from Liverpool, 10 June)
Died Kew, VIC, 17 November 1902, aged "85" (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)

BEE, Walter John (Walter John BEE; W. J. BEE)

Musician, pianist, organist, conductor, singing master, school teacher

Born Bidford, Warwickshire, England, 11 December 1844; son of John BEE and Elizabeth HALL
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 October 1852 (per Wanata, from Liverpool, 10 June)
Married Mary Frances CARNE, VIC, 1876
Died Melbourne, VIC, 24 August 1910 (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Salford in the County of Warwick in the Year 1817; register 1813-24, page 14; Warwickshire County Council (PAYWALL)

No. 106 / August 10th / John son of / Elisha [and] Ann / Bee / Bidford / Shoemaker . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Lady Wood, Birmingham, Warwickshire; UK National Archives, HO107/2051 

17 Ruston Street / John bee / Head / Mar. / 33 / Joiner / [born] Warwickshire Bidford
Ellen / Wife / 28 / - / [born] Gloster Tewkesbury
Walter / Son / 6 / Scholar / [born] Warwick Bidford
Ellen / Dau'r / 2 / - / [born] Birmingham . . . [and 2 visitors, joiners]

Names and descriptions of passengers per Wanata, from Liverpool, 10 June 1852, for Melbourne, 4 October 1852; Public Record Office Victoria 

. . . Bee John / Carpenter / Warwick / 34
Elizabeth / 29 // John [sic] / 7 // Ellen / 3 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (3 July 1854), 2 

TO Let, a detached Three-roomed Cottage, with or without stable for one horse, well situated. John Bee, near the Wesleyan School, Emerald Hill.

[News], The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (13 April 1866), 2 

The Emerald Hill Philharmonic Society gave their first extra concert for the year last night in the Mechanics' Institute, Cecil street, on which occasion the oratorio "The Messiah," was performed, in a very satisfactory manner. Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss Liddell, Mr. Exon and Mr. Amery were entrusted with the solos, etc., which they rendered in a style that would have done credit to the metropolitan society. Mr. David Lee officiated as conductor, Mr. Durrant as leader, and Mr. Walter Bee as organist. The attendance, we are sorry to say, was not so numerous as such a high class entertainment merited.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Kramer Ellis (vocalist); Maggie Liddle (vocalist); Edwin Exon (vocalist); Edwin Amery (vocalist); David Lee (conductor); James Joseph Durrant (violin, leader); Emerald Hill Philharmonic Society (association); "the metropolitan society" = Melbourne Philharmonic Society (association)

[Advertisement], The Herald (10 August 1866), 2 

PENNY READINGS. - EMERALD HILL Mechanics' Institute, THIS EVENING, Friday. Messrs. John Whiteman, Esq., M.L.A.; Martin Lightfoot, etc. Piano: Mr. Walter Bee.

[News], The Herald (20 August 1866), 2 

The fifth of the series of Penny Readings, under the auspices of the committee of the Emerald Hill Mechanics' Institute, will be given this evening, at 8 o'clock, in the large hall of the Institute. Messrs. Fishley, Parker, and other well-known gentlemen will assist in the readings. The musical arrangements will be directed by Mr. Walter Bee.

[News], The Herald (7 September 1866), 2 

The Emerald Hill Philharmonic Society gave their third subscription concert for the present year last night, in the large hall of the local Mechanics' Institute, when Handel's oratorio of "Samson" was performed with full orchestral accompaniments. The principal vocalists engaged were Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss M. A. Liddle, Mr. D. Madden, and Mr. T. Brown . . . . Mr. Walter Bee also made his first appearance as organist, and rendered good service by the correct manner in which he accompanied the recitatives . . . The band, under the able leadership of Mr. Durrant, was admirable . . . Mr. David Lee, who has recently been elected conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, officiated as conductor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Madden (vocalist)

[News], The Argus (26 October 1866), 5 

Last evening the second annual meeting of the members of the Emerald-hill Philharmonic Society was held in the local Mechanics' Institute. There was a numerous attendance, and Mr. Exon was elected to preside. The report congratulated both the subscribing and performing members upon the success that had accompanied the exertions of the society. During the past year five concerts had been given, three of which were the oratorios of "The Creation," "Messiah," and "Samson" . . . Recognition was made in the report of the assistance rendered by Mrs. J. C. Ellis, and of the services of Mr. Durrant, the leader of the band; Mr. Bee, the organist; and Mr. D. Lee, the conductor, whose increasing popularity the committee considered was well-merited.

[News], The Argus (7 December 1866), 4 

The Emerald-hill Philharmonic Society gave an extra concert last evening at the Mechanics' Institute. The compositions selected for performance were Romberg's ode, "The Transient and the Eternal," and Haydn's Imperial Mass, both being given with full orchestral accompaniments . . . Amongst the ladies and gentlemen who contributed their services may be mentioned Miss Geraldine Warden, Miss M. A Liddell, Mr. D. Madden, and Mr. T. B. Brown as vocalists, Mr. Durrant (violin), Mr. W. Bee (organ), Mr. David Lee officiating as conductor. The attendance was not proportionate to the merits of the performance.

ASSOCIATIONS: Geraldine Warden (vocalist)

"BEECHWORTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (1 June 1867), 2 

We learn that Mr. Bartlett, recently elected the second master of the above school, has declined the appointment, the Committee thereupon appointed Mr. Walter Bee, late of the Melbourne Training Institution, a gentleman whose scholastic attainments are highly spoken of, and who is also a certificate teacher. Mr. Bee arrived by yesterday's coach, and will enter on his duties on Monday next . . .

"BEECHWORTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 December 1868), 3 

. . . During the year some changes have taken place in the staff of the school . . . and the second master, Mr. Bee, has accepted the appointment of master of the Hurdle Flat School . . .

"SUMMARY FOR HOME FRIENDS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 May 1869), 2 

A meeting in connexion with the Hurdle Flat school, was held on the 8th inst., for the purpose of considering the recent dismissal of Miss Sarah Reilly, a pupil teacher . . . The master, Mr. Bee, who is also a local Methodist preacher, was believed to entertain some animosity to Miss Reilly, who is a Roman Catholic, and an opinion got abroad that between him and the Committee Miss Reilly had been discharged. Before the meeting was concluded some angry discussion, savouring of sectarian spirit, ensued, but it was unanimously resolved that the committee should tender their resignations, in order that all denominations might be fairly represented.

[News], The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (26 September 1872), 2 

A great musical and instructive treat is announced to take place in the Emerald Hill Wesleyan Church on Tuesday evening, October 15th, 1872, under the auspices of the Sabbath School connected with that church. The Sunday scholars will give a service of sacred song illustrative of "The Pilgrim's Progress," with adapted connective readings and organ accompaniment. The Rev. Spencer Williams will occupy the chair, Mr. Walter Bee, organist, Mr. J. M. Odgers, reader, and the whole conducted by the superintendent of the school, Mr. John Bee, so that we may anticipate a large attendance, as the entertainment will be both novel and entertaining.

"GENERAL NEWS", Weekly Times (7 February 1874), 10 

The first anniversary of the Wesleyan Sunday-school Union was celebrated in the Town-hall on Tuesday by a tea and public meeting . . . there being nearly 1,300 persons present . . . Ranged at the back . . . was a very strong choir composed of children belonging to the various Sunday-schools, who were under the leadership and trained by Mr. John Bee, Mr. Walter Bee officiating at the organ . . . Votes of thanks were passed . . . to Mr. W. Bee for his services at the organ, and to Mr. J. Bee, who trained the singers . . .

[News], The Argus (2 November 1874), 5 

A very enjoyable concert took place on Thursday evening last, in the Wesleyan chapel, at Keysborough, as a complimentary benefit to Mr. Cross, singing master . . . At the close of the concert votes of thanks were presented to Mr. John Keys (the chairman), and Mr. Walter J. Bee, who presided at the pianoforte.

"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION", Leader (6 February 1875), 13 

The second annual celebration of the Victorian Wesleyan Sunday School Union took place on Tuesday evening, in the Town Hall. Tea was served in the body of the hall, and upwards of 1400 persons partook thereof . . . At the back of the platform upwards of 300 Sunday scholars were ranged in the organ gallery, and under the conductorship of Mr. Walter J. Bee, and accompanied by the organ, they sang several pieces in a way that elicited marked applause . . .

[News], The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (23 July 1875), 3

The children's service of sacred song "Joseph" was repeated last Monday evening in the Wesleyan Church, Cecil-street, at the request of several of those who had the pleasure of hearing it on the previous occasion. There was a very fair audience, and the various pieces of the interesting service were gone through in a very creditable manner. Mr. Bee acted as conductor, Mr. Ford performed on the organ, and Mr. Wright as reader.

"MARRIAGES", Illustrated Australian News (19 January 1876), 14

BEE - CARNE. - On the 5th inst., at the Wesleyan Church, Emerald-hill, by the Rev. Thomas Williams, Mr. Walter John Bee, singing master and organist, of Sandhurst, and eldest son of Mr. John Bee, of Emerald-hill, to Minnie, only daughter of Mr. P. Carne, of Emerald-hill.

"LITTLE RIVER (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT)", The Bacchus Marsh Express (4 October 1879), 3

A CONCERT in aid of the prize fund of the Little River State school was given in the schoolroom on Tuesday, 30th September. The night being fine the attendance was good, the room being crowded. The responsibility of arranging the concert rested entirely upon the head teacher, Mr. Bee, and to him must be allotted all the praise to which one of the pleasantest evenings and edifying entertainments ever experienced in this district justly entitles him. The programme consisted of vocal and instrumental music, judiciously interspersed with recitations by the pupils . . .

"A MODEL SCHOOL TEACHER", Bendigo Advertiser (18 April 1882), 2

The inquiry into the charges recently brought against Mr. W. J. Bee, late head teacher of the Little River State-school (1,961), was held on Saturday before the board appointed for the purpose . . . On the three principal charges - brutal treatment of the children, indelicate questions to the female pupils when asking out, and locking the school door and preventing the children of Mr. Davis, the correspondent of board of advice No. 266, from having their attendance recorded - the evidence given was simply a corroboration of that taken by Mr. A. C. Curlewis, the district inspector, on the 13th ult., when the charges were first investigated. The report of the board will probably be made known during the week. Mr. Bee was a teacher of singing in the Sandhurst State schools for some time previous to being removed to the Geelong district.

Teacher record books, Walter John Bee; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Walter John Bee, born 11 December 1844 / North Melbourne Assistant 1 April 1862 to 29 July 1862 . . .

30 / 8 / [18]99 - . . . An inferior teacher apparently hard working but his methods are badly conceived and poorly carried out . . .

26 / 10 / [18]99 - The said Walter John Bee having admitted the full breadth of the charges against him, the board . . . dismissed him from the public service . . . not to be again employed

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 November 1902), 1 

BEE.-On the 17th November, at his residence, "Avonville," Albert-street, Kew, John Bee, aged 85 years.

"THE CHURCH", The Australasian (22 November 1902), 7 

Death has removed two of the oldest members of the Methodist Church in Melbourne. Mr. John Bee, who died at Kew on Monday, at the age of 85, was at one time a prominent official in the South Melbourne Wesleyan Church, and superintendent of the Sunday-school. Mrs. Isaac Swan, who died at Malvern last Saturday, aged 73, was for many years a very active worker in the Brunswick-street Wesleyan Church, Fitzroy.

Administration and probate, John Bee, 17 November 1902; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

See also "Charities Benefit", The Herald (18 December 1902), 2 

The National Trustees Company and Mr. Robert Camm, of Fellowes street, Kew, are applying for probate of the will of John Bee, late of Albert street, Kew, who died on the 17th ult. After bequeathing a few personal legacies testator directs that L700 be expended in purchasing an annuity for his son, Walter . . .

BEER, Bernard (Bernard BEER)

Musical amateur, broker

Born Frankfurt-am-Main (Germany), c. 1813
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Sydney, NSW, September 1875, aged "62/63" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1854), 1

FOR PORT BALLADE [sic] (NEW CALEDONIA) - Will be immediately despatched, the line clipper brig LOUISE CAESAR, Captain T. WEISSENHORN, lying at the Old Queen's Wharf.
Applications about freight to be made until Wednesday, 1st February, and apply to Mr. BERNARD BEER, Commercial Hotel, Lower George-street.

"MEYERBEER. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1864), 12

Sir, - May I beg the favour of your causing the insertion of the few following words in your next issue. The mail has just brought to us the intelligence of the death of the great composer, Meyerbeer, the author of the operas "Les Huguenots" and "Le Prophète," so successfully presented to us last season, by Mr. Lyster's company. His death is much deplored, not only in musical circles, but in the whole of England, Germany, and France, where he was known not only as one of the great composers, but as a sterling good man - indeed, no one had reason to say the slightest word against him.
As a great admirer of the compositions of the deceased, and a personal friend of many years standing, I am anxious to honour his memory in some way, and I think that a fitting time has now arrived for doing so.
What I venture to propose is, that a grand concert be given, chiefly from the repertoire of the great composer, to be called the "Meyerbeer Memorial Concert," and the proceeds handed over to the committee for the relief of the sufferers by the late calamitous floods.
I therefore desire that the musical world of Sydney will co-operate in the matter, as there is no doubt but that the public will support it, and the admirers of the genius of the illustrious dead will be afforded the opportunity of paying a fitting tribute to the memory of the one and their sympathies for the sufferings of the other.
From my personal knowledge of Meyerbeer, I knew him to be possessed of much charity, and nothing would have afforded him more pain than to know that any friend was in distress while he had the means of relieving him.
I know many gentlemen in this city who will strongly support what I have proposed, and it will much depend upon the musical circles whether it will be carried out; but I cannot help thinking that the objects are sufficient in themselves to cause an immediate action, and any help or advice which I can offer shall be cheerfully given.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, BERNARD BEER.
Sydney, July 20.

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacomo Meyerbeer (composer); Lyster Opera Company (troupe)

"MEYERBEER. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1864), 6

SIR. - In your issue of the 21st Instant, I noticed a letter written by a Bernard Beer, relating to the great composer Meyerbeer's decease. I beg to state that I, being one of the musical world, entirely acquiesce in his views; it only remains, therefore, for the rest of the music lovers to take up this subject. I would also like to know, by the medium of your journal, whether Bernard Beer is in any way related to Meyerbeer.
I remain, Sir, yours truly,
ARS MUSICAE Sydney, July 22.

"DEATHS", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 September 1875), 33 

BEER. - Mr. Bernard Beer, native of Frankfort-on-Maine aged 62 years.

? "ENEMY ORIGIN", Truth (8 June 1918), 6

Mr. Barnett, the Commissioner appointed to investigate eases of supposed "enemy origin" in the Commonwealth Civil Service, says that the investigation does not imply any reflection on any person who may have to appear before the Commission. He adds, "The evidence against many of the employees is more or less remote, sometimes resting on nomenclature only, but the inquiry has necessarily to be exhaustive and comprehensive in order to accomplish its object." By the way, it is a curious coincidence that one of the most noted of the English "Barnetts" had no right to that name, for his father was a Prussian named Beer. Vol. 3 of the "Encyclopaedia Britannica" says of John "Barnett" that he was the "son of a Prussian named Bernard Beer, who changed his name on settling in England as a jeweller." John Barnett, or Beer, was, however, born in England, at Bedford, and at only eleven years of age displayed such ability that he sang on the Lyceum stage in London. He was a musical composer of very high ability. His brother, Joseph Alfred, was also a man of ability, musically, and was a professor of music. He had a son who was as famous as his uncle John as a musical composer and teacher. Thus the Prussian emigrant to England, Bernard Beer, conferred great, benefits by means of his sons and his grandson, upon the musical education of the country that he adopted.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Barnett (English composer); John Francis Barnett (John Barnett's nephew, English composer)


Musician, violinist, composer, teacher of music, piano tuner

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1865 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"BOROUGH POLICE COURT. Friday, 31st March . . . CIVIL CASES", Bendigo Advertiser (1 April 1865), 1 supplement 

Verdicts by default . . . Behdan v. Gollmick, L1 2s 6d, use and occupation . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Gollmick (musician)

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MRS. ELLIS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 October 1867), 2

In the large hall of the Mechanics' Institute an amateur concert took place last night as a complimentary benefit to Mrs. Ellis, who has so willingly exerted herself on all occasions, both vocally and instrumentally, to assist the series of Popular Readings, and notwithstanding the unfavorable weather a very goodly company assembled . . . The first part of the concert consisted of choice selections from Haydn's great oratorio "The Creation" . . . Mrs. Fatherley presided at the organ during the performance of these selections from the oratorio, Herr Gollmick acting as conductor, Mr. Behdau [sic] as first violin, Mr. Hallas with the cornet, and Mr. Warden as double bass.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Stewart Ellis (musician); Charlotte Crofton Fatherley (musician); Nathaniel Hallas (cornet); James Warden (double bass)

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO NORTHCOTT'S BAND", Bendigo Advertiser (15 November 1867), 2

We believe we may safely assert that in no town, out of the metropolis, can more efficient bands of music be found than on Bendigo, and it behoves the people of Sandhurst, if they would desire to maintain their pre-eminence in that respect, to give every encouragement to our local musicians, especially when they devote their spare time voluntarily to the amusement of the public. It was with such an object in view that a complimentary benefit was given last night at the Lyceum Theatre to Northcott's Band, another volunteer body, in the shape of the Fire Brigade, endeavoring to give eclat to the proceedings by appearing in full uniform, Mrs. Fatherley, Herr Gollmick, and numerous amateur instrumentalists and vocalists rendering their valuable assistance. However, either from want of proper energy in some other quarter, or from the lukewarmness of the public, we regret to say that the house was not so good as it should have been . . . of all the performances of the evening commend us to the one on a single stringed violin by Mr. Behdan, accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Fatherley. It was rapturously applauded, and another piece of his own composition given with like effect . . . another treat followed in a duet - Mr. Behdan on his one-stringed violin, and Herr Gollmick on the piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William and James Northcott (musicians); Lyceum Theatre (Bendigo venue)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (11 May 1869), 1 

MR. BEHDAN, Tuner of the Pianoforte and Harmonium;
And Teacher of Music in general.

BEIMS, Fritz (Fritz BEIMS; Friedrich BEIMS; Frederick BEIMS)


Active southern NSW, 1859; ? 1865 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser [NSW] (5 February 1859), 3 

LICENSED BY SPECIAL ACT OF PARLIAMENT. Under the immediate management of Mr. J.A. Douglass.
THE Public are respectfully informed that this New and Talented Company are now organizing at Wagga Wagga and will perform in a day or two, at Mr. Fox's Hotel, previous to their departure for the
The first talent in the colonies has been secured for this establishment, and further comment would be useless.
The Manager having been connected with the Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Geelong, and Victorian Theatres, for a period of twenty years.
Due notice will be given at each town, of the performances of THIS UNRIVALLED TROUPE.
Conductor of the Circle - Mr. John Christoff
Musical Director - Mr. Frederick Brims [sic]
Scenic Rider - Mr. James Moffatt
Scenic Artist - Master F. Douglass
Treasurer - Mr. Martin Frendenstein.
ADMISSION. Reserved Seats, 5s.; Promenade, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Augustus Douglas and family (performers); Martin Freudenstein (treasurer)

"AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE", Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (12 February 1859), 2-3 

This company gave their first performance on Thursday evening last [10 February], to a crowded house. The novel ceremony of Christening the establishment was performed by Mrs. S. E. Brown, widow of the late W. Brown, Esq., who christened it the "Australian Amphitheatre," after which Mr. Douglass came forward, and in a neat speech introduced his two partners, Messrs. Breims and Frendenstein. The performance then commenced with the vaulting act of Messrs. Christoff and Moffatt, which we consider was very clever, considering that the horse has not been in training for the past four years. Mr. Moffatt, as the sailor, was repeatedly applauded. The tight rope performance of Mr. Christoff exceeded everything we have witnessed, and in fact, we think he has no equal with the exception of Pablo Fanque, during his performance of dancing, throwing somersaults, &c., on the tight-rope, he was repeatedly greeted with shouts of applause. The rest of the performance was equally good, and Mr. Douglass deserves great credit. We must not forget to make mention of the Clown, Mr. John West, whose original comicalities drew down great applause. We think that some of the sayings of the clown were too original and likely to give offence to many of his patrons.
The evening's entertainments concluded with the farce of Bombastus [sic, Bombastes], Mr. J. A. Douglass, Master F. and James Douglass, performing the principal characters.
On Friday evening the house was again crowded, and the performance was equally if not more successful than on the opening night. On Monday, we understand, Mr. J. A. Douglass will take a benefit, [3] when it is hoped that the house will be crowded. The company will also perform on Tuesday and Wednesday evening, after which they leave for Gundagai, where we wish them every success.

See also "WAGGA WAGGA [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT] . . . THE CIRCUS", The Yass Courier [NSW] (19 February 1859), 2 

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (12 February 1859), 3 

Musical Director - Mr. Fritz Beims . . .

[Advertisement], The Yass Courier [NSW] (12 March 1859), 1 

Under the immediate management of Mr. J. A. Douglass.
THIS NEW and TALENTED COMPANY will arrive in YASS on or about The 14th of MARCH.
Conductor of the Circle - Mr. John Christoff.
Musical Director - Mr. Fritz Beims.
Scenic Artiste - Master F. Douglass.
Treasurer - Mr. M. Frendenstein.

"THE BALL", The Yass Courier (19 March 1859), 2 

On Friday evening - "Shelah's night," - a public hall took place at the Globe Hotel. There was a large gathering of the town and country gentry. Dancing commenced shortly after nine oclock. Quadrilles, polkas, waltzes, and country dances followed each other in rapid succession . . . The fine band connected with Mr. Douglass's Amphitheatre performed the most modern and fashionable music during the night.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser [NSW] (6 April 1859), 3 

UNDER HE MANAGEMENT OF MR. J. A. DOUGLASS. Licensed pursuant to Act of Parliament.
THE inhabitants of Goulburn are respectfully informed that this new and TALENTED COMPANY will have the honour of performing on
TO-MORROW, THURSDAY, APRIL 7; and two following evenings, at Mr. Woodward's, Commercial Hotel . . .
THE BRASS BAND, the finest in the colonies, consists of TEN PERFORMERS . . .
Musical Director - Mr. Fritz Brines . . .
For further particulars see small bills.

"LIST OF LETTERS RETURNED FROM THE COUNTRY, AND NOW LYING AT THIS OFFICE UNCLAIMED", New South Wales Government Gazette [Sydney, NSW] (30 September 1865), 2185 

. . . [B] 29 Beims Fritz, Young . . .

BELBIN, William (William BELBIN)

Amateur bass vocalist, politician

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 7 February 1825; baptised St. David's, Hobart Town, 15 March 1826; son of James BELBIN (d. 1848) and Elizabeth POULTER (d. 1849)
Married [1] Rebecca DOWDELL, St. David's, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 August 1846
Married [2] Mary Angelina McMAHON (Mrs. FINEGAN), Christ Church, St. Leonards, NSW, 22 November 1888
Died Sydney, NSW, 26 June 1892, aged "66" (buried Hobart, TAS) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)

William Belbin (Tasmanian Archives)

William Belbin (Tasmanian Archives) (DIGITISED)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Hobart Town in the County of Buckingham in the Year 1826; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1079644; RGD32/1/1/ no 2007 

No. 39 / 2007 / 15th March [1826] / [born] 7th February 1825 / William / [son of] James and Elizabeth / Belbin / Hobart Town / Carpenter . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

We are compelled to restrict our notice of the excellent performance of the Choral Society, on Tuesday evening, to little more than the expression of general commendation. If a crowded audience and every manifestation of satisfaction and delight may be presumed to afford satisfactory evidence of public appreciation, there is enough to encourage and stimulate the Society in their laudable efforts and to increased exertion. The choruses were well sustained, and the solos were executed with taste and skill, by Madame Gautrot, Mr. McGregor, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Belbin. The latter, who made his public debut on this occasion, will, with the confidence that longer practice will impart, become a valuable acquisition to the Society. The duet, "O Lovely Peace," was very sweetly sung by Mrs. Elliott, and Master Allen; and, in the accompaniment to the "Tantum ergo," the soft tones of Mr. Marshall's flute came in with admirable effect. The "Te Deum" was well performed by the full orchestra, and with evident advantage from a more intimate acquaintance. This piece, we must observe, is from an unpublished MS., by Paisiello, presented to the Society by the Bishop of Tasmania . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Gautrot (vocalist); John McGregor (vocalist); Edward Allen senior and junior (vocalists); Caroline Elliot (vocalist); Francis Russell Nixon (bishop); Hobart Town Choral Society (association)

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 July 1846), 2-3 

HERE is something essentially English in the magnificent strains of Handel - an identification with genuine English feeling that no other foreign composer has ever attained. In this probably consists the great secret of his enduring popularity and of the mystic power which the creations of his genius never fail to exercise over an English audience. Haydn, with equal variety, may occasionally rival him in the rich flow of harmony, in sublimity of conception and beauty of expression; while, in some of his choruses, he is not far behind him in mechanical arrangement and massive grandeur. Yet we doubt whether, with as frequent repetition, Haydn would secure the hold on popular reverence and affection which Handel has so long retained. In the former, there is much to excite admiration and impart delight. In the latter, with all this, there is an inexpressible charm that never wearies. On these grounds, and from the better acquaintance of the performers with the productions of Handel, we think the alteration, in the programme, of the performances of Tuesday evening, reversing the order as given in the previously-published announcements, judicious and in good taste. But for this, the close of the Oratorio would have been comparatively vapid and dull, and the crowded audience would have been dismissed, as it was least desirable they should, in a feeling bordering on disappointment. It would have been a musical anticlimax. For, though the selection was good, and the instrumentalists exerted themselves, while the vocal department was sustained by the praiseworthy efforts of Messrs. McGregor and Belbyn, still there was, through out, an evident want of practised familiarity. [3] In the second part, consisting of selections from the fine Oratorio of Judas Maccabseus, all previous deficiencies were amply redeemed . . .

1846, marriages in district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:833329; RGD37/1/4 no 2265 (DIGITISED)

2256 / St. David's Hobarttown / 13 August 1846 / Wm. Belbin / 21 / Carpenter //
Rebecca Dowdell / 22 / Spinster . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (5 December 1846), 2

THE Tenth Oratorio of this Society, consisting of selections from Handel's Samson and Gardiner's Judah, was performed on Thursday evening, November 26, in the Lecture Hall of the Mechanics' Institution. . . . In the solos, Mr. Allen displayed his usual ability and taste, and Mr. Belbin gave gratifying evidence of progressive improvement . . .

"LOCAL", The Courier (22 April 1848), 2 

THE HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY gave their fifteenth oratorio in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Melville-street, on Tuesday evening last. It may be considered one of the most effective entertainments which has yet been offered to the public at Tasmania, and admirably accomplished one great and important object-that of giving our greatest "composer" an opportunity of being heard through his works, having their effect ascertained and their merits estimated, by an intelligent and critical colonial audience. The eminent originality, boldness, and power of the selections from "Judas Maccabeus" afforded ample scope for the development of amateur talent. The success of that display on Tuesday evening will afford a motive and an encouragement to the members to labour still more towards perfection. The programme consisted of selections from "Judas Maccabeus," "Israel in Egypt," Glover's "Song of Hope," and a splendid ode, "The transient and the Eternal," of Andreas Romberg. Of these selections the most difficult was sung by Messrs. Allen and Belbin. Mrs. Elliott and Miss Duly. The conductor of the orchestra was Mr. Curtis, and the leader Mr. Russell . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Agnes Duly (vocalist); Richard Gill Curtis (conductor); William Wilkins Russell (violin, leader)

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (17 November 1848), 2

The seventeenth oratorio of this most useful Society took place on Tuesday evening last, and it afforded a rich musical treat to a crowded and highly respectable audience, among whom we noticed most of the fashionable and leading members of our community, plentifully sprinkled with the "bright eyes and sunny smiles." The music selected for the performance was from Haydn's Oratorio, many parts of which were given with much taste and feeling, and with exquisite effect. The air "With verdure clad," by Miss Duly and "On mighty pens," by Miss Callow, elicited much and well deserved applause; and the solo parts in the terzetto, "Most beautiful appear," were exceedingly well given by Miss Duly and Messrs. Allen and Belbin. The air "Now Heaven in fullest glory," by Mr. Belbin, "In native worth," by Mr. Allen - and the singing of Miss Edwards in the trio "On thee each living soul awaits," afforded much pleasure. The duett and chorus, "By thee with bliss," was perhaps the gem of the evening, and gave unqualified satisfaction. As many of the passages in this oratorio are more than usually difficult, especially to young musicians, too much praise cannot be awarded to the performers. The orchestra was managed by the instrumentalists with their accustomed skill, and was most effectively augmented by some of the fine Band of the 99th Regiment. Upon the whole we have rarely passed a more delightful evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Callow (vocalist); Band of the 99th Regiment (military)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 July 1849), 1 

Hobart Town Choral Society. Hobart Town, July 17, 1849.
SIR, - We respectfully request you will be pleased to convene a Special General Meeting of the Members of the Choral Society, for the purpose of considering the state of its funds, and for other business connected therewith.
We are, Sir, your obedient servants,
Joseph Hone, James Thomson, J. Marshall,
W. Dossetor, Henry Elliott, Jos. Reichenberg,
B. H. Creswell, J. Martin, W. Belbin, G. P. Creswell.
The Secretary Hobart Town Choral Society.
In compliance with the above requisition, I hereby convene a
SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the Members of the HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY, to take place in the
Hall of the MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, Melville-street, on Tuesday Evening next, 24th instant, at 7 o'clock precisely.
F. H. PIESSE, Hon. Sec.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Elliot (member); Joseph Reichenberg (member)

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1892), 1

BELBIN. - June 26, at his residence, Mande Ville, North Sydney, William Belbin (late M.H.A. of Hobart for 19 years), aged 66 years. Rest in peace.

"(BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH) MR. WILLIAM BELBIN. HOBART, JUNE 27", Launceston Examiner (28 June 1892), 3

A cablegram was received to-day announcing the death of Mr. William Belbin, late member for South Hobart, at Sydney, on Sunday last, in the 67th year of his age. The deceased was a native of the colony, having been born in 1825. He was son of the late Mr. James Belbin (one of the Norfolkers of 1808), who arrived in Hobart in the early twenties, and took up a location in Lower Collins-street. The deceased was alderman of the city of Hobart from 1867 to 1873, 1881 to 1886, Mayor 1883-84, also member of the Central Board of Health. He was gazetted to the commission of the peace in 1872, and entered into partner ship with his brother-in-law, the late Mr. Charley Dowdell, in 1852, as timber merchants and ship-owners. During the term of partnership, which lasted till 1875, such well-known vessels as the Daniel, Watson, Swordfish, Eucalyptus, Crishna, Southern Cross, and Chanticleer sailed under their house flag. After the dissolution of the partnership the business was carried on under the name of Belbin and Co. until twelve months since, when the deceased's son, Mr. F. W. Belbin, took it over. The late Mr. Belbin was twice married, and leaves 11 children. He was elected to Parliament in 1871, and continued to represent South Hobart until the dissolution of Parliament last year, when he did not seek re-election. The deceased was looked upon as a sound business man, and his death severs another link in the chain of the old shipping identities of the colony.

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ORPHEUS CLUB", The Mercury (26 July 1892), 4 

. . . "Your committee have much pleasure in submitting their report and balance sheet for 1891-92, the 16th year of the club's existence, and to congratulate the members upon the fact that it has been the most successful year since its inception, having advanced both in the class of music performed and in the favour of the public. Your committee have to regret the death of Mr. W. Belbin, the late president, he having held that position for a period extending over 14 years, and who did so much to promote the interests and welfare of the club. The roll-book of the club contains the names of 120 non-performing members, 33 performing members, and 11 honorary members - in all 164 members." The report then detailed the various concerts given by the club, and the concerts at which they had assisted. "Your committee desire again to express their appreciation of the work done by the conductor, Mr. Eltham . . ." . . .

Bibliography and resources:

William Belbin, Find a grave 

William Belbin, WikiTree 

BELFIELD, Francis (Francis O'BRIEN; alias Francis BELFIELD; Mr. BELFIELD; Francis O'Brien BELFIELD)

Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, songwriter, playwright, theatrical manager, tailor, convict

Born Dublin, Ireland, c. 1819; son of Peter O'BRIEN and Louisa ? (BELFIELD, ? BAMFIELD)
Tried Dublin, Ireland, 25 January 1836 (transportation 7 years)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 September 1836 (convict per Waterloo, aged "16", "Errand boy")
Married Christiana MUNRO (c. 1828-1917), Wollombi, NSW, 1845
Active NSW, by 1846
Died Redfern, NSW, 13 April 1883, aged "61"'Brien+c1819-1883 (TROVE tagged by Austraharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BELFIELD, Peter (Peter O'BRIEN; Peter O'Brien BELFIELD)

Juvenile performer, dancer, publican

Born Maitland district, NSW, c. 1847; son of Francis O'BRIEN and Christiana MUNRO
Married Ada Annie FROST (c. 1849-1898), St. Andrew's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 10 January 1876
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 June 1897'Brien+Belfield+c1847-1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Convict indents, 1836; State Records Authority of NSW, NRS 12189 (PAYWALL)

36-1858 / Francis O'Brien / [age] 16 / R[ead] & W[rite] / Rom. Cath. / Single / [born] Dublin / Errand boy / Shop lifting / Dublin City / 25 January 1836 / 7 years / [former conviction] 9 months / 5 [ft.] 0 [in.] / Ruddy and freckled / Brown [hair] / Hazel [eyes] / [tattoos]

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 June 1846), 2

The play of "William Tell," and the farce of the "Man with the Carpet Bag," came off this evening. The acting was, on the whole, better than at any former period - parts capitally cast - and scenery really surprising, for non-professional artists to get up . . . Belfield, as Tell, did justice to this part; at any rate, to the satisfaction of the numerous audience, and that is sufficient. His acting was really good. Having been "once" in Covent Garden Theatre, and more than twice in Drury Lane, your, correspondent deems himself a bit of a judge in these matters . . . In the farce of the "Man with the Carpet Bag," our poet Williams was just the thing; Belfield, as the Irish waiter or boots, kept the house in a roar; the boys were uproarious. "Seldom seen anything better done," said a quandom cockney - "it vas wastly veel, and no mistake." A new song, composed by the laureat [Williams], called "Sydney Avertising," excited considerable merriment. The nett proceeds of our theatre, it is known, are always handed over to the managers of the Benevolent Asylum, an institution meriting more support than the contributions of the district can well afford. The Singleton little band, notwithstanding the removal of Mr. Saffery, did their best in the musical department; and the whole affair gave great satisfaction . . . 11th June, 1846.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Williams (amateur actor, songwriter); Edward Charles Saffery (musician); Singleton Amateur Band (group)

"SINGLETON . . . THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 April 1847), 2

We have great pleasure in announcing that Mrs. Arabin, late of the Victoria, has been engaged to perform in our theatre here for a limited number of nights, and that she will make her first appearance on Tuesday next, the 20th instant. The pieces selected for the evening are - "Is she a Woman?" and Mr. Belfield's original farce of "Australian Assurance," garnished with other entertainments . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frances Arabin (actor)

"SINGLETON . . . THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 May 1847), 2 

Our pretty little theatre opened on Tuesday last, to a crowded and fashionable audience, being for the benefit of Mr. Williams . . . After the first piece, Mr. Belfield sang an Irish comic song in a truly ludicrous and comic style, and received deservedly an encore . . . Our favorite actor, Mr. Belfield, is to take a benefit on next Tuesday, the 4th of May. We understand the house is undergoing a thorough alteration, and that the inconvenience occasioned to parties honouring the boxes with their presence is now entirely remedied. The pieces selected for the occasion are "William Tell, or the Hero of Switzerland;" and "Bachelor's Buttons." We anticipate a bumper, not only from the bill of fare (which in itself is a great inducement), but from the general satisfaction which the public have always evinced towards this talented Thespian.

"SINGLETON . . . THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (8 May 1847), 3 

The Royal Albert was open to the public on Tuesday evening last, being for the benefit of Mr. Belfield . . . Mrs. Arabin, as Emma, sustained her part so admirably, that she drew down the repeated plaudits of the audience. After the play, she sang "Buy a Broom," in character, and received a rapturous encore. Mr. Belfield also was encored in his Irish comic song . . . We must give Mr. Belfield some credit for the manner in which he exerts himself for the amusement of the public, as he seems determined not to leave a stone unturned to cater for the comfort and convenience of the audience . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1847), 1

MR. BELFIELD, in soliciting the patronage of the public, begs to notify to the friends of the Drama and the public generally, that he has leased the above establishment for theatrical purposes, and trusts that a strict attention to the comfort and amusement of the public will insure him their patronage and support.
Mr. B. would also intimate that he intends opening the Theatre on Monday, January 10th, 1848, and that all the available talent will be engaged.
Ladies and gentlemen rf the above profession will meet with engagements on application to Mr. Belfield, at the City Theatre,
on Saturday and Monday, 1st and 3rd of January, 1848, between the hours of 11 and 4.

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal City Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 January 1848), 3 

"LITERARY", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (16 February 1849), 2

A drama written by Mr. Belfield, a painstaking and deserving member of the dramatic corps at the Queen's Theatre, was produced for that gentleman's benefit on Wednesday evening. Without any very great claims to depth of plot, or originality of incident, it is a very creditable production, and was listened to with marked attention, and frequent applause, by a very tolerable house. The title is "Retribution, or the Drunkard's Curse," and it is calculated to show in an impressive manner the effects of the vice which our friend Mrs. Dalgarno is so energetic in denouncing. The reception of the piece was very flattering, the curtain fell amidst loud plaudits, and the author was called forward and bowed his acknowledgments of the flattering reception of the efforts of his genius. We believe that he intends his drama for publication, and that he already has a respectable list of subscribers.

ASSOCIATIONS: Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (3 March 1849), 3 

Queen's Theatre. MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 5.
MR. J. CHAMBERS has much pleasure in announcing that the performance for the above Evening will be for the benefit of his children . . .
To be followed by the favorite Grand Ballet entitled THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH. In the course of the piece there will be a variety of Dancing.
The whole to conclude with the Tragical Burlesque Opera of BOMBASTES FURIOSO.
In the course of the Opera the following Songs, &c.
Song, "Ladies how do you do," - Master Chambers.
Song, "My Love is so Pretty," Mr. Belfield.
Song, "Queen Dido," Mrs. Chester.
Trio, "O! Cruel Man," Mrs. Chester, Master Chambers and Mr. Belfield.
Song, "My Lodging is on the cold ground," Mr. Winter.
Duet, "I'll quickly run you through," Master Chambers and Mr. Winter.
Finale, by the characters.
Nights of Performance, MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, and FRIDAY. MR. MORTON KING, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Chambers and children Joseph and Amy (dancers); Marian Maria Chester (actor, vocalist); Richard William Winter (actor, vocalist); Morton King (actor, manager)

PIECE: Bombastes furioso ( )

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (9 March 1849), 3 

THE Proprietor has much pleasure in announcing the performance of an entirely COLONIAL PRODUCTION, and founded on colonial incidents, and to which every attention has been bestowed to give due effect to its representation.
The piece has been dramatised by Mr. McLachlan from the work of "ARABIN, or the ADVENTURES OF A SETTLER," written by Thomas McCombie, Esq.
The PROLOGUE will be spoken by the author . . .
Dr. Arabin - Mr. Thompson.
Augustus Willis - Mr. Elrington.
Liddy, with songs - Mr. Belfield.
Mrs. Butler - Mrs. Mereton.
Marian, with songs - Mrs. Chester.
Closing Address, by the Manager . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ruthven McLaughlin (dramatist, songwriter); Christiana Mereton (actor); Richard Goodall Elrington (actor)

PIECES: Arabin; or, The adventures of settler (McLaughlin, after Thomas McCombie)

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (2 May 1849), 3 

WILL be performed the Petite Comedy THE CROWN PRINCE . . .
Overture by the Band . . . After which will be performed the Opera entitled
THE VAMPIRE. During the Opera the following songs will be sung: -
Opening Chorus by the Company.
Boat Song and Chorus by the Company - Solo - Mrs. Chester.
'There's nae luck about the house,' by the Company.
Duet, 'Though, you leave me now in sorrow,' Mr. Montague and Mrs. Chester.
'Hurrah for the Bonnets so blue,' Mrs. Chester.
'Faith I'll away to the wedding,' Mr. Belfield . . .
Overture by the Band . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1849), 3 

A NEW AND ORIGINAL DRAMA in three acts, written by Mr. BELFIELD, and entitled "THE REBEL CHIEF,"
Will be represented to-morrow evening (FRIDAY) for his Benefit.
Song - MR. YOUNG. Duet - Mr. and Mrs. DEERING.
To conclude with the Laughable Farce of the IRISH LION.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Young (actor, vocalist); Henry and Eliza Deering (actors, vocalists)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 July 1850), 3 

Knowles' beautiful Tragedy of VIRGINIUS . . .
New Song, written by Mr. Belfield and the music composed by Mr. Megson, Mr. Young.
Comic Song, Written and to be sung by Mr. Belfield . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violin, composer, leader of the theatrical band)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1850), 2 

July 27. Shamrock, steamer, 200 tons, Captain Gilmore, from Launceston the 18th, Melbourne the 24th, and Twofold Bay the 26th instant. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Belfield . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1850), 2 

Count Rodolph, Mr. F. Howson . . . Amina, Mrs. Guerin . . .
To conclude with a new farce called the OMNIBUS; or, A CONVENIENT DISTANCE . . .
Master Tom Dobbs, Mr. F. Howson; Pat Rooney, Mr. Belfield (from the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, his first appearance here) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (actor, vocalist); Theodosia Guerin (actor, vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1851), 2 

Will be presented Auber's celebrated Opera, entitled MASANIELLO, THE FISHERMAN OF NAPLES; OR, THE DUMB GIRL OF PORTICI!
Alfonso, Mr. J. Howson; Lorenzo, Mr. Willis; Sergeant, Mr. Rogers;
Masaniello, Mr. F. Howson; Guiseppe Anidlo, Mr. Hydes; Paolo, Mr. Belfield;
Fenella, Madame Torning; Elvira, Mrs. Guerin; Briella, Mrs. Gibbs.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Howson (actor, vocalist); Thomas Charles Willis (actor, vocalist); George Herbert Rogers (actor, vocalist); John Proctor Hydes (actor, vocalist); Eliza Torning (actor); Eliza Gibbs (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1851), 2 

For the Benefit of Miss HART, under distinguished patronage . . .
The evening's entertainments will commence with GIOVANI IN LONDON; OR, THE LIBERTINE RECLAIMED . . .
Medley Dance, Miss A. Hart; Ballad, "Scenes that are brightest," Mrs. Guerin;
a selection of favourite Negro Melodies, Mr. Hydes . . .
Australian Polka, Misses Hart; Song, "The Ladies' Darling," Mr. Belfield . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Margaretta and Ada Hart (dancers, actors)

SONG: The ladies' darling (song)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1851), 2 

FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. BELFIELD. Mr. BELFIELD, in making his first appeal to the Sydney public, trusts to share a portion of that liberality generally bestowed on such occasions, and flatters himself with this assurance, that the whole of the entertainments selected for this, his first benefit, cannot fail of giving satisfaction to every class of dramatic admirers.
The evening's entertainments will commence with (for the first time in Sydney) an entirely new and original play, in three acts, written by Mr. Belfield, entitled the REBEL CHIEF.
Walton, Mr. Rogers; Arnold Freely, Mr. Arabin; Edwin, Mr. Willis; Mick Leary, Mr. Belfield;
Dalton, Mr. Spencer; Sammy, Mr. F. Howson; Emily, Mrs. Guerin; Louise, Mrs. F. Willis; Biddy, Madame Torning.
After which, Mr. Hydes will ox de House a few Quaitshions and continue de harmony ob de corning.
Comic Song, "Country Fair," Mr. Rogers; who will endeavour to imitate some of the most well-known Sydney Cries!
Irish jig, the Misses Griffiths; celebrated hunting duet, "Hark Through the Woods," Messrs. F. and J. Howson;
"Old English and Irish Gentlemen" by Messrs. Rogers and Belfield.
New Pas de Deux, Madame Torning and Mrs. F. Willis; Song, Mrs. Guerin.
Australian Polka, Misses Hart. "Hot Collins," a la Grimaldi, Mr. Holmes.
The whole to conclude with the admired Farce entitled WHO DO THEY TAKE ME FOR?
Boxes may be obtained of Mr. Wyatt, "Victoria Hotel;" of Mr. Samuel, corner of Pitt and King streets; of Mrs. Barton, "Cricketers Arms;" and of Mr. Belfield, at his residence, Riley-street, Woolloomooloo.
N.B. - Mr. Belfield, having lost a quantity of his tickets, begs to inform parties that no tickets but those printed on yellow and grey cards will be admitted i.e. to Pit and Upper Boxes.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Arabin (actor); Albert Spencer (actors); Augusta Willis (actor); Fanny and Emily Griffiths (dancers)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 April 1851), 2 

THIS EVENING, APRTL 14TH, The evenings entertainments will commence with
Comic Song, Mr. Rogers. Pas Suel, Madame Torning.
Song, "The Newfoundland Dog," Mr. F. Howson. Scotch Pas de Deux, Misses Griffiths.
Solo, Violin, Monsieur Gautrot.
Song, "The White Squall," Mr. J. Howson.
New Pas Seul (a la Sylphide), Miss Hart.
Song, "Cynthia Sue," Mr. Hydes.
Genuine Irish Song, "Black Turf," Mr. Belfield . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Collins (actor); Joseph Gautrot (violin)

SONG: Black turf (a celebrated Irish song); Buy a broom (tune)

"RETRIBUTION, OR THE DRUNKARD'S CURSE", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 June 1851), 2

Our space is too restricted this week to allow us to do justice in any critical notice upon the very clever original drama produced at the Victoria Theatre on Monday, and announced for repetition this evening. In our next we shall endeavour to review it, and meanwhile claim the indulgence of the author, Mr. Francis Belfield.

"THE THEATRE. THE BENEFIT SEASON", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (4 October 1851), 3 

On Monday evening MR. ROGERS made his periodical bow to a tolerably well-filled house . . . An original comic song, written by Mr. Belfield for the occasion, and entitled "The Unfortunate Man," was delivered by Mr. Rogers amidst roars of laughter . . .

"THE WEEKS' THEATRICALS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (4 October 1851), 3 

. . . But then there was one [song] of Rogers' own (we are told the words are by that very clever author, Belfield) called the Unfortunate Man, - with "Lapstone Hill," "Break-downs," and "[REDACTED]," - a comic song, and so drolly sung that encore on encore succeeded, till the "unfortunate man" was obliged to come on ague with all the wretched feelings in his poche of £120 in the house! . . .

"MR. BELFIELD", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 October 1851), 2 

We have been favored with the perusal of a tragic play, in Five Acts, entitled, "ZISVA, THE AVENGER," the production of this gentleman's prolific pen, and which we learn is intended to be placed upon the stage on the occasion of his benefit. This, of all the author's dramatic productions, takes unquestionable precedence. The versification is correct; generally smooth and pleasing; frequently striking and vigorous. The plot is not the least commendable, being fraught with interest from the rising of the curtain until the denouement; and the skill with which the author has preserved that interest throughout, will in our opinion stamp "success" upon his labors . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (1 November 1851), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1851.
Production of a New Tragic Play, in Five Acts,
WRITTEN BY MR. BELFIELD (Author of the "Rebel Chief," "Retribution," &c.) and entitled,
New Ballad, "My Father's Grave," to be sung by Miss Sara Flower.
The Music composed by Mr. Gibbs, the words by Mr. Belfield.
Mr. BELFIELD begs to inform his friends that his Benefit is fixed for the above Evening, and he flatters himself with the hope that the success of his previous productions will ensure to him the support and patronage of the public.
The Evening's Performances will commence with a new and original Tragic Play, in five Acts, written by Mr. Belfield, entitled,
Willis, an opulent Slave Trader, Mr. Rogers;
Theodric, betrothed to Clara, the Daughter of Willis, Mr. Willis;
Simon, a Cook, Mr. Howard; Paulo, a Peasant, Mr. McGowan;
Chevalier Moreau, a roue, Mr. Spencer;
Zisca, a Moorish Slave, Mr. Arabin;
First Maroon, Mr. W. Griffiths; Servant, Mr. Hollis;
Countess Marie do Valvelle, Mrs. Guerin;
Clara, daughter of Willis, afterwards wife to Theodric, Mrs. Hart;
Maroons, Slaves, &c.
This play has been duly authorised by the Honorable the Colonial Secretary.
A PROLOGUE, incident to the Play, written by Mr. Belfield, will be spoken by Mr. Griffiths and Mrs. Willis, previous to the rising of the Curtain . . .
Boxes may be secured of . . . of Mr. Belfield, No. 34, Elizabeth-street South . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist); John Gibbs (musician, composer); Robert McGowan (actor); William Griffiths (actor); Augusta Hart (actor)

[Advertisement], Empire (5 April 1852), 2 

will be performed, the admired Opera of THE ENCHANTRESS.
Duke D'Aquila, Mr. Rogers; Galeas, first Minister, Mr. Arabin;
Chief of the Senate, Mr. Belfield; Seneschal, Mr. Wilson;
Don Sylvio, Mr. J. Howson; Doctor Mathanasius, Mr. Douglass;
Ramir, Mr. F. Howson; Stella, the Enchantress, Madame S. Flower . . .

MUSIC: The enchantress (Balfe)

[Advertisement], Empire (22 May 1852), 2 

will be produced the admired Operatic Drama of ROB ROY MACGREGOR, with all the original music arranged by Mr. Gibbs.
Sir Frederick Vernon, Mr. Arabin; Rashleigh Osbaldistone, Mr. Willis;
Francis Osbadistone, Mr. J. Howson; Mr. Owen, Mr. Rogers; Captain Thornton, Mr. Spencer;
Major Galbraith, Mr. Howard; Rob Roy Macgregor, Mr. Nesbitt; Baillie Nichol, Jarvie, Mr. Griffiths;
Dougal, Mr. Belfield; Diana Vernon, Madame Sara Flower; Martha, Mrs. Smeatham;
Mattie, Madame Carandini; Jean McAlpine, Mrs. Hart; Helen McGregor, Mrs. Gibbs.
In the course of the Opera, the following songs, duetts, &c.: -
Chorus, "Soon the sun will gae to rest;" solo, "Bold Rob Roy;"
song, "My love is like the red, red rose;" song, "Ah! would it were my humble lot;"
duet, "Tho' you leave me now in sorrow;" song, "A Highland lad my love was born;"
song, "A famous man was Robin Hood;" song and chorus, "Should auld acquaintance be forgot;"
Morceau, "The lament;" chorus, "Roy's wife of Aldivallcoh;"
song, "The moon is on the waters;" duet, "Forlorn and broken-hearted;"
finale, by the characters, "Pardon now the bold outlaw.
To conclude with a laughable farce (never acted here), called THE LOAN OF A WIFE!

ASSOCIATIONS: Sam Howard (actor); Francis Nesbitt (actor); John Gordon Griffiths (actor); Maria Carandini (actor, vocalist)

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. THE COLONIAL DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 July 1852), 2 

The prolific genius of Mr. Belfield of the Royal Victoria Theatre has produced another dramatic play, with the perusal of which we have been favoured. It is written in 3 acts, and entitled, "The Outcast; or The Irish Maniac." The scene, of course, lies in ould Ireland. Though the plot cannot pretend to entire originality, it is ingeniously and ably re-dished, and will, we think, gratify the public palate. The outline of the story is as follows: - . . .

[Advertisement]", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1852), 2

FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. BELFIELD, who in soliciting the patronage of the public, trusts that the Entertainments he has selected will secure him the support he has hitherto received.
When will be presented, for the first time, an original 3 act Play, written by Mr. Belfield, entitled, the
O'Rouare, Mr. Rogers; Adolphus, Mr. Willis; Cuthbert, Mr. Nesbitt;
Osbrey, Mr. Spencer; Teddy, Mr. Belfield; Eva, Mrs. Guerin; Margueritte, Mrs. Gibbs.
Irish Jig, Miss F. Griffiths and Signor Carandini.
Our Happy Land of Gold, Mr. F. Howson.
"Sentimentality versus Reality," Mrs. Moore.
Kate Kearney, by Madame Carandini. Naval Hornpipe, Master P. Belfield, only five years old, and Pupil of Mr. J. Hall.
The Irish Emigrant, Mr. J. Howson.
Favourite Ballad. Madame Sara Flower.
Medley Dance, Miss Louisa Collins.
The whole to conclude with the Farce, entitled, POPPING IN AND POPPING OUT.
Tickets and Boxes may be had . . . of Mr. Belfield, at his residence, 34, Elizabeth-street South.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gerome Carandini (dancer); Rachel Moore (vocalist, actor); Louisa Collins (dancer); J. Hall (professor of dancing)

[Advertisement], Empire (24 July 1852), 2 

ON MONDAY EVENING, July 26, will be presented, for the first time this season, the celebrated Opera of GUSTAVUS THE THIRD, OR THE MASKED BALL.
Gustuvus the Third, Mr. Griffiths; Count D'Essen, Mr. Belfield . . . Arvedson, Mrs. Gibbs . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (28 July 1852), 2 

Who in soliciting the patronage of the public, trusts that the entertainments he has selected will secure him the support he has hitherto received.
THURSDAY EVENING, July 29, 1852. On which occasion will be presented, for the first time, an original 3 Act Play written by Mr. Belfield,
Cuthbert, Mr. Nesbitt; Teddy, Mr. Belfield.
Irish Jig, Miss F. Griffiths and Signor Carandini;
Our Happy Land of Gold, Mr. F. Howson, music by Mr. F. Howson, Words by Mr. Belfield;
Comic Song, Sentimentality versus Reality, Mrs. Moore;
Kate Kearney, by Madame Carandini; Naval Hornpipe, Master P. Belfield, only five years old, and pupil of Mr. J. Hall;
Song, the Irish Emigrant, Mr. J. Howson; Favourite Ballad, Madame Sara Flower;
Medley Dance, Miss Louisa Collins.
The whole to conclude with the celebrated Farce, entitled, POPPING IN AND POPPING OUT.

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1853), 2 

Will be produced the popular Opera of THE NIGHT DANCERS . . .
Irish Comic Song; "Pat was a Darling Boy," Mr. Belfield . . .

SONG: Pat was a darling boy (comic song)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (4 June 1853), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. MONDAY, JUNE 6.
FOR THE BENEFIT OF Mr. BELFIELD, Who for this occasion has provided an original Drama, of intense and thrilling interest, entitled,
The Mysteries of Sydney, Founded on the well-known work which, under that designation, appeared in the columns of
BELL'S LIFE IN SYDNEY, and which in its dramatised form has received the sanction and license of the Honorable the Colonial Secretary.
MR. BELFIELD, from the flattering reception which has been awarded to his previous dramatic productions, presumes to express a hope that the one he now proposes to submit to his friends will be found equally prolific of interest, fraught as it is with LOCAL INCIDENTS.
Mystery broods o'er the palace hall;
Mystery dwells in the cottage small;
Mystery paces the haunts of men;
Mystery lies beyond human ken;
Mystery rides on the storm and gale;
It sleeps in the calm ! Who'll draw the veil?
The Evening's entertainments will commence with the interesting Drama, founded on facts, in 3 acts,
dramatised by Mr. Belfield, and entitled, the MYSTERIES OF SYDNEY.
Hawk Kitely, Mr. Warde; Frank Earle, Mr. J. Howson; Tom Newshunter, Mr. Willis;
Mr. Corney O'Pratie, Mr. BELFIELD.
Nips, Mr. F. Howson; Mordaunt, Mr. Montague; Knuckler, Mr. Howard;
Forky Jem, Mr. Griffiths; Bully, Mr. McGowan; Jonas Quelch, Mr. Rogers;
Detective Mawler, Mr. Welch; the Gipsy, Mrs. Guerin;
Fanny Earle, Madame Carandini; Miss Patty O'Pratie, Miss Warde.
Programme of scenery, &c.
Arrival of the emigrant ship, the "Golden Ark" - at anchor in Sydney cover -
the cuddy passengers - the Hawk and the Dove - the orphan brother and sister -
how to get shipping in? without getting into quarantine.
Song, Fanny - "I dreamt there was a Land more fair."
(Music composed expressly for this occasion by Mr. J. Howson.)
The debarkation of the orphans. The boarding house -
O'Pratie's injunctions to Nips - the introduction Nips' admonition to the newly arrived -
his dislike to a Turon Digger - beauty and blushes - all serene.
Nips's New Cookery Book, not after the fashion of Mrs. Glasse - a dinner party at Migration Lodge -
mince pies and cockroach cutlets - the proposition accepted.
Its inmates discovered.
The Gold-Digger's Wedding.
Song - "Of all the various games of Life,"
Knuckler, with chorus by the company.
Surprised by the Traps - escape of of Forky, Bully, and Knuckler.
Scene 6th. The father and daughter - the Hawk in pursuit of his prey -
the omnipotence of gold - the greatest novelty of the age, a hard-up Reporter -
an appeal, and its interruption - a double game -
The plot overheard by Jonas - Kitely's suspicion, and Jonas's humility -
Fanny approaches the tops - Kitely's overtures rejected - the insult -
timely entrance of Frank Earle - the betrayer baulked -
ACT 2.
The burglars at home - cutting out their sight work - Knuckler's Prophecy -
Who's there? Kitely and his tools - the proposed abduction - the cowardly ever selfish.
Migration Lodge - Meeting of the lovers - a start for the diggings -
the proposal rejected - arrival of the gang - heroism of Fanny - the robbery effected -
The Hawk seizes his prey - Apprehension of Bully and Forky! - the troubles of this world -
the representative of Muckanmuddy Castle in despair - the brother's agony, and pursuit of the Abductor.
Nip's condolence with the caged Dove - the interview with her captor -
the unmasking of the villain - a sister's love, or the brother's destruction.
Kitely's office - feeling his way - Quelch's submissiveness.
Kitely accuses Frank of Forgery. Frank' grapples with his accuser -
Nips interposes with a condemnation of the Lankey system - arrival of the police, and
Discovery of the forged notes - proof conclusive.
Kitely's soliloquy - the Gipsy's warning - the bribe rejected; but One Debt in the Wide World Unpaid! -
preparation for the interview with the Gipsy.
The Gipsy's' Hut - the prediction - the mother's legacy - the reading of the future -
a coward's gratitude - The Seducer! The Felon! and the Forger!
ACT 3.
A parlour in Migration Lodge - invitation to a soiree - Tom Newshunter's desire to become a benedict -
the discharge of Nips the Orphan, without either wages or character - offer of a new service -
no go - search of boxes - Nips' wardrobe, an interesting catalogue, fit for any cheap Sydney auction room -
Kitely discomposed - the clouds are gathering.
Cockatoo Island - the colloquy of Forky Jem and Bully - the code of crime -
"Never turn round" - Retribution and Revenge - Forky Jem's defence -
"I am a Rogue, who made me so?" Tom Newshunter's appeal to the feelings of Forkey Jem -
- Kitely's downfall looms largely in the distance.
George's River - Kitely's attempt to fly from the coming danger - mysterious appearance of the Gipsy -
Kitely's astonishment - "I'm not a murderer!" - the Gipsy's warning, and attempt to save -
in fulfilment of her vow - the Gipsy sings the
Prophetic Song of her tribe.
"In Toils of the Hunters," composed by Mr. J. Howson.
The death-scream of the strong man in his agonies - the Revelations of SIN, SHAME, and SORROW -
the hour of Retribution at hand -
Between Kitely and the aged Father.
Kitely dies by the hand of the Son!
The Gipsy's Prophecy fulfilled.
Pas Seul, Miss Collins.
Song, Madame Sara Flower.
Naval Hornpipe - Master P. BELFIELD, only six year old, pupil of Mr. J. Hall.
The Old English and Irish Gentlemen, Messrs. Rogers and Belfield.
Irish Jig, Mrs. McGowan. Teddy the Tiler, Mr. Turner.
To conclude with the laughable Farce of BROTHER BEN.
Commodore Cutlass, Mr. Rogers; Benjamin Bowles, Mr. Willis;
Mr. Snuffleton, Mr. F. Howson; Mrs. Cutlass, Madame Carandini;
Mrs. Benjamin Bowles, Miss Warde; Dorothy, Mrs. Gibbs.
Tickets and boxes to be had of Mr. Belfield, at his residence, No. 9, Castlereagh-street, South; of Mr. Torning, Box Office, Victoria Hotel; and of Mrs. Berton, Cricketer's Arms, Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Con and Kate Warde (actors, brother and sister)

"THE ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (18 March 1854), 2 

Had the educated man whose lot happened to be cast in the Bathurst district been told some twelvemonth past that twelvemonths thenceforward he would see the legitimate drama performed in a very respectable style in its principal town, the chances are that the prophecy would have been pooh-poohed as simply preposterous. Yet such is the fact. We have Hamlet, Othello, Venice Preserved, The Lady of Lyons, The Stranger, and other pieces which require conception and execution of no ordinary character, to place them before an audience in the shape intended by the author, performed in a highly creditable manner . . . This being the benefit season, Mr. Belfield, the manager opened the programme by one of his own productions styled Zisca, but as the performers were generally imperfect, in their parts, the piece was seen under great disadvantages . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Bathurst venue)

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 June 1854), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. For the benefit of MR. BELFIELD, Manager . . .
on MONDAY, JUNE 19th, 1854, will be represented an original Drama, in 3 acts, entitled
THE MYSTERIES OF SYDNEY, Founded on the well-known work Which, under that designation,
appeared in the columns of Bell's Life in Sydney . . .
First appearance of MADAME VEILBURNE, the celebrated Danseuse, from the Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart Town, and Geelong Theatres,
who will appear in the LA SYLPHEDE, as danced by her 300 nights in the metropolis of Victoria.
Numerous other entertainments. To conclude with the very laughable farce of WHO DO THEY TAKE ME FOR?

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Veilburn (Jane Williamson, dancer)

"THEATRICALS" Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 June 1854), 2 

In consequence of the inclemency of the season the theatre has been but indifferently attended of late, and the absence of music by reason of the sickness of the Chittenden family has operated as an additional drawback. These and other circumstances over which the Manager has had little control have detracted considerably from the effect of the performances; hence the result. We perceive that Mr. Belfield's benefit comes off on Monday night when he will impersonate a leading character in one of his own productions entitled the Mysteries of Sydney . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Chittenden family (musicians)

"THE LYCEUM THEATRE", Empire (26 February 1855), 4 

Mr. Augustus Leopoldt, of the Adelphi Hotel, York-street, has become the lessee of this popular little theatre, which has now been closed for nearly five weeks. A strong and well chosen corps of the favourite actors of the day has been engaged, under the management of Mr. Belfield, lately of the Victoria Theatre. The house will be re-opened on Wednesday night, and it is to be hoped that the inhabitants of Sydney will, by a numerous attendance, encourage the spirited lessee to continue his efforts for their amusement.

ASSOCIATIONS: Augustus Leopoldt (proprietor); Lyceum Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1855), 4 

will be produced, for the first time at this theatre the admired farce of THE TIPPERARY LEGACY.
Song - "The Irish Immigrant." - Miss Lorette; Irish Jig, Mrs. R. McGowan.
To be followed by the admired drama of LUKE THE LABOURER.
Song - "Gentle Zitella," Miss F. Selwyn; Hornpipe, Master Horatio;
Song, Miss C. Selwyn, To conclude with AN AFFAIR OF HONOUR.
Mr. BOAM, Leader of the Orchestra.
A. LEOPOLDT, Sole Lessee.
F. BELFIELD, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Lorette (vocalist); Philip Barnett Boam (leader)

"THE THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer [VIC] (2 May 1855), 2 

On Monday evening, a grand romantic spectacle was produced, called the "Sea of Ice," which for its scenic effect has certainly not been surpassed by any thing that we have ever witnessed in the old country. The plot of the piece turns chiefly upon a mutiny . . . The after piece was the "Irish Tutor," in which Mr. Belfield made his re-appearance, under the present management, and rendered the laughable character of Dr O'Toole with much humour.

ASSOCIATIONS: Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

"DISGRACEFUL SCENE IN A THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (12 August 1858), 2 

During the performance on Friday evening, of "The Manager in distress," at the Charlie Napier theatre, Ballarat, Mr. Belfield member of the company, in his assumed character of the Irishman who addresses the manager and audience from the pit, proved himself to be utterly destitute of anything akin to good taste by delivering himself of the following rhodomontade: -
"Now, there were three sorts of cheeses, one was the cream cheese, another was the milk cheese, and the last was the skim milk cheese. The true Catholic was the cream cheese. Put a bit on a fork and toast it before the fire, and it would 'go down in grase and go up in glory.' The Protestant was the milk cheese, and he would go down in grase, but the d---l a bit would he go up in glory." The blue-bellied Presbyterian of the North of Ireland was the skim-milk cheese, and he would neither 'go down in grase or go up in glory.' Neither cheer nor hiss followed this extraordinary piece of insulting rhodomontade, so completely were the audience taken by surprise. - Ballarat Star.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"PRINCESS' THEATRE, BACK CREEK", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser [VIC] (18 May 1859), 2 

We were in error in stating to our last that this theatre was not so full "as was expected" on the opening night, Saturday last; the fact being, that it was filled to excess, many persons having to be turned away, long before the hour of opening the doors arrived, the road was thronged with people, waiting anxiously for admittance . . . The original theatre was built by Mr. Charles Johnson, who with a creditable display of enterprise, spent over £600 on it . . . Messrs. Belfield, Webster, and Browne, finding there was not sufficient accommodation for the numbers seeking admission, pulled the building down, and erected the present one on its site, at a cost of an additional thousand pounds . . . The performance commenced by the following address, spoken by Mrs. Evadne Evans, written by Mr. Belfield. -
Welcome, kind friends, for such you've often been,
To us poor followers of the mimic scene;
Who try to cheer, altho' with studied art,
The sinking spirit and the sadden'd heart . . .
Mr. Belfield in the afterpiece, Murphy's Weather Almanac, kept the audience in a roar of laughter. His able impersonations of Irish characters, we have before often had occasion to admire. His sallies of wit and humour are irresistible. The orchestra, under Herr Richty, acquitted themselves well.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Richty (musician)

"BACK CREEK (From our own Correspondent) 5th December", The Star (7 December 1859), 4 

. . . The Theatre is closed for some time, Mr. Belfield, the lessee, being about to open with a new company on the Clare Castle rush. Indeed so few people are left here that it was the only course he could adopt.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (30 September 1861), 6

Francis Belfield, late of Redbank, near Avoca, comedian, now a prisoner in Her Majesty's Gaol, Inglewood.
Causes of insolvency - Losses in theatrical speculations, pressure of creditors, and imprisonment.
Assets, £27; liabilities, £412 4s. 6d.; deficiency, £385 4s. 6d.

See also "BALLARAT CHRONICLES AND PICTURES", The Ballarat Star (4 January 1890), 5 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1872), 12 

to be called the ROYAL HYDE PARK THEATRE, with a limited liability.
Capital £8000, in 8000 Shares of £1 each . . .
All necessary information can be obtained at the office on the premises, No 32, Burdekin Colonnade, South Head Road.
P. BELFIELD, Sec. pro tem.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. TUESDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1877), 8 

On the summons paper were twenty-eight cases . . . Peter Belfield was fined 20s for allowing music to be played in his licensed house without having obtained the permission required by law . . .

"Insolvency Court. SURRENDERS", Evening News (21 February 1878), 3 

Francis Belfield, late of Belfield's Family Hotel, corner of George and Goulburn streets.
Cause of sequestration: Pressure of bill of sale, holder in the insolvent's late business as publican, and bill drawn by insolvent as director of the Royal Hyde Park Theatre Company.
Liabilities £1183 14ss; assets, £5. Assignee, Mr. S. Lyons.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 April 1883), 1

BELFIELD. - April 13, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. John Brown, 42, Burnett-street, Redfern, Francis Belfield, for many years connected with the theatrical profession in Victoria and Sydney, greatly respected by all who knew him, aged 61 years.

"LATEST TELEGRAPHIC . . . SYDNEY, SATURDAY", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser [Grafton, NSW] (17 April 1883), 3 

Mr. F. Belfield, sen. (late tailor and clothier, of Grafton) died here yesterday morning.

"DEATH OF AN OLD OVENS FAVORITE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (19 April 1883), 2 

We notice from a Sydney paper the death of Mr. Francis Belfield, an old actor in the early days of the Ovens gold fields. Paddy Belfield, as he was more familiarly known, was a native of Dublin, and had received several degrees in the university of that city, but had spent a long career at the antipodes. He was a gentleman of considerable literary attainments, and was the author of a drama, called "Retribution," which ran for several nights at the old Queen's Theatre, Melbourne. His personations of Irish character were excellent as he was "Native to the manner born;" but occasionally he took higher flights into the region of the legitimate, and Othello was within his grasp; but he was better known as a genial, upright, and kind-hearted manager, who always paid when in his power, and was greatly respected by all who knew him. He died on Friday last at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. John Brown, Redfern, at the age of sixty-four years.

"THE LATE MR. F. BELFIELD", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (15 May 1883), 3 

THE following appeared in Tuesday's Echo under the heading "Town Talk." Mr. F. Belfield, tailor, and ex-Thespian, who was gathered over to the silent majority last week, was one of the old identities of the Sydney stage. Like Polonius, he was in his youth "accounted a good actor;" but, like Mr. Midshipman Easy's sailing master, Lieutenant Oxbelly-like, also, the late Mr. J. J. Bartlett - "his weight swamped him out of the profession." And apropos of this, Mr. Belfield was wont to relate the following amusing story: - Many years ago he was a member of a stock company at the old Victoria, when a celebrated "star" tragedian commenced an engagement. The public were somewhat coy of being moved by the "legitimate" and consequently the programme required constant variation. Amongst other dramas, "Romeo and Juliet" was put up, and Mr. Belfield, upon scanning the "cast" (or distribution of characters), found to his astonishment that he was allotted to the role of "County Paris," a page or juvenile part, not unfrequently impersonated by a lady. To use Mr. Belfield's expression, "though not so fat as in after years, he was not what might be termed a sylph even then;" and he inquired of the stage-manager if there was not some mistake. The latter replied in the negative, explaining that the lack of suitable players left no alternative. Mr. Belfield thereupon, though very reluctantly, enacted the character, and did his best with what he could not but feel to be a very incongruous assumption. The tragedy was then withdrawn for a night or two, after which it was again announced; and Mr. Belfield, with feelings which, in the current phrase, may better be imagined than described, this time found himself cast for the lean and starved apothecary. He accepted the part without remark; but when the evening arrived he arrayed himself as Sir John Falstaff, and added to his proportions by every means in his power. Thus prepared, he kept out of sight until the time arrived for his first entrance. Those acquainted with Shakespeare will recollect that this is after Romeo's soliloquy, commencing, "I do remember an apothecary," and referring to him as a meagre wretch whom " sharp misery had worn to the bone," etc. After this description the effect upon the audience may be conceived when in response to Romeo's summons, forth waddled the corpulent knight. The dialogue, in which Mr. Belfield (despite the orders of the enraged "star") doggedly insisted upon sustaining his share, was drowned by the uproarious peals of merriment. To the credit of poor human nature, let us add that, the indignation of the moment having subsided, Mr. Belfield's wit caused his offence to be condoned; and, instead of being discharged, as he had anticipated, he was received into high favour.

"ECHOES FAR AND NEAR", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser [Grafton, NSW] (6 September 1884), 3 

THE following, will remind many in Grafton of an old identity whose ruling passion was strong to the last, and was the first lessee of Mr. W. Attwater's Theatre Royal. Many a good story he told to the Graftonites of his recollections - which would have been well worth publishing - of the days and doings of Nesbitt, G. V. Brooke, and Avonia Jones. The extract is from "Recollections of the Stage, by 'Australian,'" in the Sydney Daily Telegraph: -
"A diggings some miles from Inglewood, a place called Redbank, was the spot I next favoured with my presence. The theatre, a large structure of wood and canvas, was in possession of Mr. F. Belfield, or as he was more familiarly designated, "Paddy" Belfield. This gentleman, I think, built this theatre. It was one of a good many that owed their existence to the speculative energy which distinguished Mr. Belfield. It was characteristic of him to build theatres; it was likewise characteristic of him to fail in making anything out of them after he had built them. He was a living example of the saying that "fools build theatres, and wise men lease them." I'm not at all sure that the builders of theatres are always fools, nor am I quite certain that it is a distinct proof of wisdom to lease them; but it is a matter of history that "Paddy" Belfield, as a builder, never made a "pile," whatever those may have done who leased the edifice. There was no "rush" of any importance upon which F. Belfield didn't erect a temple of the drama. How he did it is a mystery which up to date has not been divulged. I don't, remember that he was ever regarded as a thespian Croesus, but he contrived to build theatres, and he played in them too, for he was an actor and an author, so that he combined in himself three great essentials for the carrying on of theatrical business, - the builder, the author, and the practical artiste; nor was he at all particular as to the line in which he appeared. The visitor to Mr. Belfield's theatre would be quite as likely to see that gentleman deporting himself as Barney O'Toole or Tim Moore, as he would be to find him in the performance of Macbeth; he was, in fact, a man of many attainments, and he used them all most industriously for the support of a numerous family - "a character" - a man of the day, hard-working and good-humoured. I never heard of his losing his temper but once. That was when a little man succeeded in provoking him; then all he said was, "Go away now, or I'll knock you down and I'll fall on top of you"; a terrible threat when it is considered that Mr. Belfield was at least 18st weight. The company, whose ranks I now joined, reckoned amongst them E. Holloway, Mrs. Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. Wigan, and some eight or ten others of lesser note. Mr. Belfield, as I have said, was the manager. We were going on very comfortably, when a catastrophe occurred, which, for the time at least, put an effectual stop to our performance, and an end to one of Mr. Belfleld's many theatres. If my memory serves me rightly the event happened on a Sunday, the previous night had been unruly and as morning approached the wind rose to a perfect hurricane. Tent flies were seen playfully flitting across the diggings in all directions, several dwellings were unrooted, and at last a mighty squall struck "our poor devoted bark;" the wind entered at the stage end; one side of the edifice completely smothered a pieshop and several other tenements, the other side concealed for the time being half a dozen different places of business, while the roof went gaily "over the holes" until it finally disappeared in the surrounding hills. Of course, the stage was a ruin - in fact there was scarcely a sound piece of timber or canvas left of the whole structure. Belfield's Theatre was no more, and so now are many of those who played upon its stage.

ASSOCIATIONS: Avonia Jones (actor); Edmund Holloway (actor); George or Harry Wigan (actor)

"ANNALS OF THE TURF AND OTHER PASTIMES. In New South Wales and Elsewhere. THE EARLY STAGE, No. LX (By 'Hayseed')", Sydney Sportsman (6 July 1904), 3 

. . . In 1843 Mr. Joseph Simmons, restless when unoccupied, opened the City Theatre in Market-street, where now stands an hotel, two doors from George-street . . . Associated with Simmons in this venture was a Mr. Bellmore, of whom little is known . . . Of the company performing under Mr. Simmons, one is remembered well in Sydney by the old generation - Mr. P. Belfield, better known by the sobriquet of "Paddy Belfield", though his name was Peter. Mr. Belfield was a tailor by trade, to which he reverted when he left the stage, or the stage left him. My last recollection of Mr. Belfield as an actor was when he played the King in "Hamlet" to Barry Sullivan at the old Royal, in Melbourne, when Sullivan was playing his first engagement in 1862. Truth compels me to say that I had never seen the King so played, before or since. I believe, like dear old "Paddy" Gardner, Mr. Belfield at one time appeared in Irish characters, and I am of opinion that he could play such. In the early seventies Mr. Belfield was in business as a tailor, in partnership with his son Francis, in the now Oxford-street, near the old Robin Hood Inn, between Brisbane and Edward streets. While there he conceived the idea that the Surry Hills and Woolloomooloo should be able to support a theatre of their own, and that that theatre should be "agin his own door." Negotiations were opened up with Mr. Sydney Burdekin, who granted a lease of certain vacant land in Liverpool-street, with a right of entrance from Oxford-street. The site was about mid way between the old-time Blind Beggar public-house - now Andy Flanagan's - and the lane leading down to Yurong-street. The shares were £1 each, payable, I think, in shilling subscriptions. The walls got up some feet when the funds ran short, and the scheme collapsed. Sydney Burdekin seized the bricks and built a neat row of cottages on the site. Mr. Belfield subsequently started business in George-street, Brickfield Hill. "One morn I missed him on the accustomed hill," and found that he had become the lessee of the Victoria Hotel, attached to the Victoria Theatre, in Pitt-street. That was in 1878. He played the part of host for a few years, and returned to his trade, this time in Liverpool-street, a few doors from George-street, and here he made his "last stand." In 1889 [sic] he was gathered to his fathers, after an extended colonial career, varied by many ups and downs. All said and done, there were many worse men than the old Thespian, "Paddy" Belfield . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: "Hayseed" = Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); Joseph Simmons (actor, proprietor); James Belmore (proprietor); Sydney Burdekin (developer)

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. IRISH COMEDIES OF THE PAST . . . (No. 194. - By 'Hayseed')", Sydney Sportsman (31 January 1912), 3 

. . . Prior to the arrival of Brooke in 1855, there were a couple of stage Irishmen, whose stock-in-trade (or profession) was the assumption of a brogue, or what passed for an Irish accent, the ability to dance an Irish jig, and, perhaps, to sing a comic song. These talents were generally used by the managers of a very limited number of playhouses in the production chiefly of farces in which the Irishman was delineated. These two performers were Mr. Joseph Simmons, a Hebrew, but, if history speaks correctly, a very versatile man, who could play dialect characters, tragedy, and comedy with any of his contemporaries. The second man was Mr. Peter Belfield, who was an all-round stock actor, and occasionally essayed Irish characters. I have seen Mr. Belfield play, but not an Irish character; I saw him as the King in "Hamlet" on Barry Sullivan's first Melbourne appearance, and I was not much impressed with Mr. Belfield. I am also of opinion that Mr. Sullivan was not impressed either. Mr. Belfield belonged to the very old school of acting, as did another Irish comedian, whose name was Gardiner. I think his name was Edward, but he was generally known as Paddy Gardiner, and was the step-father of a very capable actress and authoress, Mrs. Alfred Phillips. I saw Mr. Gardiner play once Dr. O'Toole in "The Irish Tutor." He was then very old, and shortly afterwards retired from the stage. Mr. G. V. Brooke was very friendly with the old gentleman and his dainty little wife. Mr. Belfield as a businessman was held in much esteem. He was a master tailor in business in Sydney when he retired from the stage, and at one time kept the Victoria Hotel, which adjoined the old Victoria Theatre in Pitt street. Likewise he attempted to build a theatre in Oxford-street, but failed. He was before his time in that . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Vaughan Brooke (actor); Barry Sullivan (actor); ? Joseph Gardiner (comedian); Elizabeth Elsbee Phillips (actor)

Extant works:

Retribution; or, The drunkard's curse (a domestic drama in two acts) (Melbourne: printed at the Daily News office, 1849) 

The rebel chief (a play in three acts by Francis Belfield; this drama was first produced December 14th, 1849, at the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne) (Melbourne: William Clarke, Printer, Morning Herald office, 1850)

Zisca, the avenger; manuscript, State Records Authority of NSW; see Pelosi below

Bibliography and resources:

Janette Pelosi, "Colonial drama revealed; or, Plays submitted for approval . . .", Margin: life and letters of early Australia 60 (July-August 2003), 21-34

[Janette Pelosi], Plays submitted to the Colonial Secretary for approval, State Records Authority of NSW 

BELL, Mrs. (Mrs. BELL; ? Sarah ALEXANDER; Mrs. Thomas BELL)

Musician, teacher of the pianoforte

? Born Maryville, Galway, Ireland, c. 1803; daughter of John ALEXANDER and Mary MAHON
? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 2 May 1832 (per Cleopatra, from Dublin, 4 December 1831)
? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 May 1832 (per Harlequin, from Hobart Town)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1833; ? 1837
? Died Parramatta, NSW, 12 June 1853, aged "50" (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (9 September 1833), 2 

Piano Forte Instruction.
MRS. BELL has leisure to instruct a few more Pupils on the PIANO FORTE at their residences.
Any commands left at Mr. Ellard's Musical Warehouse, will be attended to.
September 7, 1833.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Ellard (musicseller)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (18 December 1837), 1 

A NEW PIANOFORTE, only a few months in use.
It is on the newest principle, including Metallic Plate, &c.
Apply to Mrs. Bell, Female Factory, Parramatta.

"PARRAMATTA. POLICE COURT. Saturday, 7th October", The Australian (17 October 1843), 3 

Thomas Bell, Mrs. Bell, John Hamilton, and Mary Corcoran, being called on their recognizances, appeared before the Court . . . Mary Corcoran being duly sworn deposed: came to this colony as a prisoner of the Crown; was now free; first held an office in the Female Factory at the time Mr. Bell was there the first time; was then acting as overseer of the third class, it might be about five years ago; Mr. Bell at first held all offices; he was acting in the same capacity as the Matron; he might have been the storekeeper, but Mr. Snape was acting in that capacity at that time; Mr. Bell acted as storekeeper the second time he came to the Factory; Mr. Bell and wife and family were all living at the Factory; there were four children; witness was appointed Sub-Matron, and received pay as such . . .

? Bibliography and resources:

Sue Bell, "Cheering intelligence of the state of the factory", Descent 47/2 (June 20170, 69-77;dn=900362247927418;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL) (OPEN ACCESS)

Sarah Bell (1803-1853), St. John's cemetery project, Parramatta 

BELL, Joanna Ocheltrie (Joana OCHELTRIE; Mrs. William BELL)

Musician, teacher of music, teacher

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 12 February 1790; daughter of Archibald OCHELTRIE and Janet McDOUGAL
Married William BELL (c. 1784-1842), Edinburgh, Scotland, 16 August 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 December 1837 (per Portland, from Greenock, Scotland, 24 July, aged "38" [sic])
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 April 1840 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BELL, Jessie Ochiltree (Jessie Ochiltree BELL; Mrs. John McLENNAN)

Musician, teacher of music, teacher

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 26 June 1818; daughter of William BELL and Joanna OCHELTRIE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 December 1837 (per Portland, from Greenock, Scotland, 24 July, aged "18")
Married John McLENNAN, Wollongong, NSW, 8 December 1842
Died Brunswick, VIC, 23 May 1886, aged "67/68" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Births, Edinburgh parish, 1790; Scotland, Select Births and Baptisms database (PAYWALL)

12 February 1790 / Joana / [daughter of] Archibald Ocheltrie & Janet Mcdougal

Marriages, Edinburgh, 1817; Scotland, Select Marriages database (PAYWALL)

16 August 1817 / William Bell / Joan Ochiltree [daughter of] Archibald Ochiltree

Births, Edinburgh parish, 1818; Scotland, Select Births and Baptisms database (PAYWALL)

26 June 1818 / Jessie Ochiltrie / [daughter of] William Bell & Jean Ochiltrie

Immigrants per ship Portland, arrived 3d December 1837; State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

. . . Bell William / [age] 45 [sic] / [wife] 38 [sic] / 1 son [sic] / School master . . .

. . . Bell Jesse / 18 / Governess . . .

"THE PORTLAND", The Colonist (14 December 1837), 6 

In the list of cabin-passengers per the ship Portland, published in our last number, the names of Mr. and Mrs. Bell and their family were accidentally omitted. Mrs. B. has come out to establish a ladies' boarding school in the town of Sydney, for which, we are happy to learn, she is well qualified, having acted as governess for many years in several families of the highest respectability. Mr. B. has taught a respectable school in Scotland, and proposes to devote himself to the education of Mrs. B.'s pupils in English, writing, and accounts - the necessary parts of female education, which are, nevertheless, so frequently neglected in ladies' seminaries - leaving the other branches, such as needle-work, music, &c. &c., to his wife and daughters [sic]. We are decidedly of opinion, that such a plan of procedure will answer well in this colony. For our own part, we have had occasion to see young ladies from certain colonial boarding schools of high character, who could do little else than thrum all day long at a pianoforte. Surely such young ladies have been paying a great deal too dear for their whistle.

[Advertisement], The Colonist (28 December 1837), 4 

beg to intimate to the Public of New South Wales, that they are about to open an Establishment for the Board and Education of a limited number of Young Ladies in that commodious cottage in Castlereagh-street south, recently in the occupation of the late Captain Cliffe.
Mr. and Mrs. B. feel confident, from their long experience in tuition, that they will be enabled to give satisfaction to such Parents as may entrust their children to their care.
Strict attention will be paid to the personal comfort, moral deportment, and religious welfare of the Pupils.
A limited number of Day Scholars will also be received after the 14th January.
References as to character and ability, may be made in Sydney, to the Rev. Dr. Lang.
For Terms, &c., apply to Mrs. Bell, Castlereagh-street south.
Sydney, December 28, 1837.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Dunmore Lang (Presbyterian cleric)

"MRS. BELL'S BOARDING SCHOOL", The Colonist (30 June 1838), 3 

In another column, we publish Mrs. Bell's announcement of the short vacation or recess which has been granted to the pupils of her establishment; and we are happy to find that that lady has met with some degree of that encouragement and patronage which her high merits so well deserve. It is only six or seven months since Mrs. Bell opened her establishment in Falcon Cottage in Castlereagh-street; and her success and favour with the public already have been quite gratifying. Mrs. B. is a lady well qualified for the management of a Boarding School for young ladies; and by the advantage of having her two well-educated daughters and Mr. Bell himself to assist her in their various departments, she is enabled to conduct successfully a large and respectable school. Mr. B. has had long experience as a teacher in Edinburgh, and is the author of several treatises on the science of Geography. We have not the slightest doubt but Mrs. Bell's present establishment will soon become too confined for the rapid increase that has and will yet take place in the number of her pupils.

[Advertisement], The Colonist (29 December 1838), 4 

FALCON COTTAGE. MR[S]. BELL, from Edinburgh, begs to announce that the Classes in her Establishment will reopen on Monday, the 14th January next, when - by some alterations lately made in the house she will be enabled to take a few additional Boarders.
Mrs. B. purposes to open a Private Class for History and Geography, for Young Ladies who may not find it convenient to attend the Public School.
Fees paid quarterly in advance. One quarter's notice is required before the removal of any Boarder, and one month's notice before the removal of any Day Pupil.
Castlereagh-street, Sydney, December 26, 1838.

"MRS. BELL'S SEMINARY", The Colonist (2 January 1839), 3 

THE annual examination of the pupils in Mrs. Bell's seminary for young ladies, Falcon Cottage, Castlereagh Street south, was held on the evening of Friday se'nnight, previous to the Christmas holidays. The Rev. Dr. Lang, the Rev. Mr. McIntyre, and the Rev. Mr. Dugall were present, with a few of the friends of the pupils, who, including both day scholars and boarders, numbered about thirty . . . The proficiency of some of the elder pupils in music, which is taught by Mrs. Bell, was very considerable, taking into account the time they had been studying that elegant accomplishment . . .

"MRS. BELL'S BOARDING SCHOOL", The Colonist (28 December 1839), 3 

The annual examination of Mrs. Bell's Boarding school in Castlereagh street, Sydney, took place on Tuesday last, and the reverend gentlemen who performed the examination, expressed themselves highly gratified indeed with the proficiency manifested by the young ladies in the various branches of a polite education. The pupils were examined in English Reading and Grammar, Writing and Arithmetic, Geography, History, and Composition, besides French, and Music; in all of which they acquitted themselves well, and did credit to their truly estimable and highly respected instructress. Mrs. B. has the advantage, besides superior household accommodation, to have also the assistance of her two daughters and Mr. Bell, who has had the honour of teaching certain branches of several noble families in Scotland.

"DIED", The Colonist (22 April 1840), 2 

At Falcon Cottage, Castlereagh-street, on the 17th instant, Mrs. Joanna Ocheltrie, wife of Mr. William Bell, late of Edinburgh, after a severe illness; much lamented by a numerous circle of friends, and by all who enjoyed her acquaintance.

"MARRIED", The Colonial Observer (14 December 1842), 5 

At Woodville, near Wollongong, Illawarra, on the 8th instant, by the Rev. Cunningham Atchison, Mr. John McLennan of Inverness, Scotland, to Miss Jessie Ochiltree, eldest daughter of Mr. William Bell, late of Edinburgh.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1846), 3 

On the 7th instant, at the residence of his son-in-law (Mr. John McLennan), Elizabeth-street, Mr. William Bell, many years teacher in Edinburgh, Scotland, and for the last eight years in Sydney, aged 62 years.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 February 1849), 3 

THE SCHOOL under my superintendence at Morpeth will Re-open on MONDAY, February 5th, in those commodious premises opposite the "Wheat Sheaf Inn," and I have much confidence in recommending Mr. and Mrs. McLENNAN as Teachers to the inhabitants generally.
Hinton Manse, 2nd Feb., 1849.

Mrs. McLennan will be happy to arrange with families to give instruction in French, Italian, Music, Drawing, and Ornamental Needlework, having (as Miss Bell) conducted for several years one of the most respectable Ladies' Seminaries in Sydney.
Mr. McLennan intends OPENING an EVENING SCHOOL, where, in addition to the usual branches of an English Education, be will give Lessons in Book-keeping.

"DEATHS", The Australasian (29 May 1886), 3 supplement 

McLENNAN. - On the 23rd inst., at Barkly-street west, Brunswick, Jessie Ochiltree, beloved wife of John McLennan, in her 68th year.

BELLAIR, Thomas Smith (Thomas SMITH; alias Thomas Smith BELLAIR; T. S. BELAIR)

Actor, vocalist, theatrical manager

Born Wellington, Salop, England, 23 May 1825; son of Richard SMITH and Margaret ?
Married (1) Ann Eliza Brew NEWTON, Christ Church, Tynemouth, Northumberland, 31 December 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23/24 October 1855 (per James Baines, from Liverpool, 4 August 1855)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by November 1855
Married (2) Rachel PROUD (1841-1896), Buninyong, VIC, 16 December 1861
Died Wagga Wagga, NSW, 14 May 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BELLAIR, Ann Eliza Brew (Ann Eliza Brew NEWTON; Mrs. Thomas Smith BELLAIR)


Born Isle of Man, 1810; baptised German, Isle of Man, 7 April 1810; daughter of John NEWTON and Mary Ann (Eliza) KELD
Married Thomas SMITH (BELLAIR), Christ Church, Tynemouth, Northumberland, 31 December 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1857 (per Donald McKay, from Liverpool, 7 July)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 20 February 1861, aged "50" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BELLAIR, Francis Theodore (Francis Theodore SMITH alias Francis Theodore BELLAIR; Master T. BELLAIR)

Amateur musician, violinist

Born North Shield, Northumberland, England, 5 December 1849; baptised Christ Church, Tynemouth, 28 December 1849; son of Thomas SMITH (BELLAIR) Ann Eliza Brew NEWTON
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1857 (per Donald McKay, from Liverpool, 7 July)
Disappearance reported VIC, 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, parish of German, Isle of Man, 1810; Isle of Man Museum (SEARCH: Ann Eliza Brew Newton)

7 April 1810 / Ann Eliza Brew / [daughter of] John Newton [and] Mary Ann Keld

Marriages, Tynemouth, Northumberland, 1848; England, select marriages database (PAYWALL)

31 December 1848 / Thomas Smith / Ann Eliza Brew Newton

Bellair Smith baptism, 1849

Baptisms, Christ Church, Tynemouth, Northumberland, 1849; England, select births and christenings database (PAYWALL)

28 December 1849 / [born] 5 December 1849 / [son of] Thomas & Ann Eliza Brew / Smith / Comedian

England census, 30 March 1851, Bishopwearmouth, Durham; UK National Archives, HO107/2396/261/19 (PAYWALL)

35 Hedworth St. / Margaret Pladdy / Head / Widow / 42 / Lodging House [keeper] . . .
Thomas S. Bellair / Lodger / Mar. / 26 / Comedian / [born] Wellington Salop
Anne E. [Bellair] / Lodger / [Mar.] / 32 [sic] / Public Singer / [born] Isle of Man Peel Town
Francis T. [Bellair] / [Lodger] / 1 / - / [born] Northumberland North Shields

Names and descriptions of passengers per James Baines, from Liverpool, 4 August 1855, for Melbourne, 23 October 1855; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Thomas S. Bellair / 31 / Comedian . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (5 November 1855), 5 

. . . On Saturday night two new performers, Mr. Robins and Mr. Bellairs from England, made their appearance at this theatre, in the old-fashioned drama of Luke the Labourer, a piece which scarcely gave a fair opportunity of testing their powers. They were, however, successful in pleasing the audience, and we have no doubt, will become favourites. They appear to-night, with Miss Emily Glindon, Mrs. Torning, and other favourites, in the drama of the Blind Boy, which will be introduced as an after-piece to the performance of the Backus Minstrels, whose programme to-night presents an entire change.

ASSOCIATIONS: Backus Minstrels (troupe); Eliza Torning (dancer, actor); Royal Victoria Theatre (venue)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (10 November 1855), 3 

. . . On Thursday Time Tries All followed the performances of the Backus Minstrels and received the approbation of a crowded house. It was admirably acted by Miss Glyndon, Mr. Craven, Mr. Stephens, Mr. Lambert and Mr. S. T. Bellair, the latter, an actor new to these boards, promising fair to become a favorite.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Thornton Craven (actor); William Henry Stephens (actor); Joseph Charles Lambert (actor)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (27 November 1855), 4 

THIS EVENING, Tuesday, November 27, 1855, the evening's performances will commence with Donizetti's favourite Opera of
L'ELISIRE D'AMORE. Characters by Messrs. Winterbottom, Bellair, Holloway, Stuart [sic], Mrs. H. T. Craven, Mrs. Winterbottom, Miss Douglass, Mrs. Gibbs, Mrs. Moore.
To conclude with a Petite Comedy, entitled THE RETURN FROM THE CRIMEA.
J. G. GRIFFITHS, Manager.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1855), 4 

This Evening, November 29 . . . Donizetti's Opera of L'ELISIRE D'AMORE.
Dr. Dulcamara, Mr. Winterbottom; Nemorino, Mr. Bellair; Sergeant Belcore, Mr. Holloway; Adina, Mrs. H. T. Craven; Gretta, Mrs. Winterbottom; Florette, Miss Douglas; Minetta, Mrs. Gibbs; Jessie, Mrs. Moore . . .
Under the direction and management of Mr. A. TORNING.

ASSOCIATIONS: John and Maria Winterbottom (actors, vocalist); Edmund Holloway (actor, vocalist); Richard Stewart (actor, vocalist); Eliza Craven (actor, vocalist); Eliza Gibbs (actor, vocalist); Rachel Moore (actor, vocalist); John Gordon Griffiths (manager); Andrew Torning (manager)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1855), 4 

Under the direction and management of Mr. A. TORNING.
Mr. H. T. CRAVEN respectfully announces his benefit for THIS EVENING, December 8th, on which occasion will be presented (third time in Sydney) Mr. Craven's electro-biological burlesque extravaganza (now having an extraordinary and unprecedented run in London) entitled ALONZO YE BRAVE AND YE FAYEE IMOGENE.
To be followed by song, "Yes, 'tis a spell," Mr. T. S. Bellair; song, "My Pretty Jane," Mr. Stuart [sic];
flag hornpipe, Mr. J. Mungall; song, "'Twas Merry in the Hall," Mr. Lambert.
To be followed by the popular operatic drama entitled, MY DAUGHTER'S DEBUT.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Mungall (actor, dancer)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (8 December 1855), 2-3 

Discussion has lately been prevalent as to the comparative virtue of out-door and in-door recreation. We, ourselves, certainly see nothing objectionable to the fascinations of a Promenade Concert in public grounds; but we do suggest that the proceeds should not pour into any private pocket, but be appropriated to charitable purposes, - the first of which, might with justice, be the foundation of almshouses for distressed managers. The moonlight attractions of the Domain have already lent one blow towards the general demolition of the theatres . . . The uncompensating attendances at the two houses during the last fortnight, stimulates these remarks; for the entertainment offered has been such as, under ordinary circumstances, would and should have commanded a large patronage. We will instance Donizetti's opera THE ELIXIR OF LOVE, in the production of which, industry has overcome some difficulties, and talent achieved the rest. That glorious quack - that mountebank, Falstaff Dulcamara was undertaken by Mr. Winterbottom: his first step over the foot lights, from the orchestra which he has long adorned. His appearance literally and figuratively was great. Lablache-like from wig-top to boot; and what was of equal importance, his singing and acting were both humorous and correct; he rendered the music as a thorough musician should do, and infused a spirit into it, which every musician could not do. We heartily congratulate him on a success for which we need not remind him he was to some extent indebted to Mrs. Craven: their voices harmonized admirably, and their duetts were the gems of the opera. The lady was in excellent voice, and sang with her usual sweetness, and now well acknowledged [3] flexibility; acting with a most pleasing archness. Mr. Holloway as Belcore, and Mr. Bellair as Nemorino acquitted themselves creditably. The first of these gentlemen has a really valuable voice, which he would do well to cultivate diligently. To Mr. Bellair, we suspect the management is indebted for filling a gap, which, unfilled, would have been a serious obstacle to the production of the piece. The orchestra, led by Gibbs, deserves high commendation. The melody is so frequently given to the instruments, that much attention is naturally drawn to the band. This charming little opera deserves a frequent call for repetition . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gibbs (violinist, leader of the theatrical band)

Names and descriptions of passengers per Donald McKay, from Liverpool, 7 July 1857, for Port Phillip, 2 October 1857; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Ann E. Bellair / [adult] / Theodore [Bellair] / 7 . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (30 November 1857), 262 

November 22. - Gil Blas, brig, 174 tons, Captain Nicoll, for Auckland and Otago. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Hill and child, Mr. and Mrs. Bellair and child . . .

"NEW ZEALAND", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (28 December 1857), 5 

The Southern Cross of the 11th instant, in its Theatrical intelligence says: - The admirers of the drama will be pleased to learn from our advertising columns that this place of amusement will be reopened for the summer season on Thursday next, the theatre having been taken by Mr. Bellair and a company of actors, of whom report speaks very highly. Mr. Bellair himself is, we believe, favourably known to many residents here who have had an opportunity of witnessing his performances in Sydney. At home, and not very long since, he was the manager of one of the most respectable of the provincial theatres. Mrs. Bellair is but recently from England, where she held first class engagements in the leading theatres, both in England and Scotland. Mr. and Mrs. Hill are said to be very clever, and indeed great care appears to have been taken in the selection of the company . . .

"DEATH", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (21 February 1861), 2 

On the morning of the 20th inst., Ann Eliza Brew Smith Bellair, the beloved and deeply lamented wife of T. S. Bellair, Rainbow Hotel, Sturt street.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (21 February 1861), 2 

We regret to have to announce the death of Mrs. Bellair, of the Rainbow Hotel, Sturt-street. The deceased lady, who was for a long time one of the most popular members of the company at the Theatre Royal, Ballarat, died yesterday morning, after a somewhat protracted illness.

ASSOCIATIONS: Theatre Royal (Ballarat venue)


The annual dinner of the Licensed Victuallers' Association was held at Dunk's British Queen Hotel, on Wednesday evening . . . Mr. Bellair proposed the vice-president and gentlemen of the committee in a very humorous speech, "For they are jolly good fellows." Song, by Mr. Bellair - "They set out a courting," &c. . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (9 July 1861), 2 

The concert for the benefit of Mr. W. Irwin last night at the Mechanics' Institute was a gratifying success, and must have returned something handsomely substantial to that gentleman. We were informed the receipts amounted to about £80. The large hall was pretty well filled, not fewer than 900 or 1000 persons being present. The entertainment was divided into two parts, each commencing with an overture by the band of the Rifle Corps, whose performances were the theme of general approbation, for the accurate and nicely adjusted music produced. The other portions of the concert consisted of solos, duetts, and trios by members of the Philharmonic Society, Miss Harland also singing one or two solos . . . Miss Harland . . . sang "The mocking bird," Mr. T. King playing the accompaniment. This was received with an enthusiastic encore, and a short repeat of the last stanzas was given . . . Master Bellair executed a really excellent solo (De Beriot) on the violin and was required to repeat the melody. This young player gives much promise of future excellence, which under Mr. King's tuition will not fail of being rightly guided . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); Thomas King (violinist, clarinettist, his teacher)

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (20 December 1861), 4 

BELLAIR - PROUD. - On the 16th inst., by special licence, at Buninyong, by the Rev. - Stone, Mr. T. S. Bellair, of Ballarat, to Miss Rachel, second daughter of John Proud, Esq., of Brisbane, Queensland.

[2 advertisements], The Star (7 November 1863), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL. Under the Management of Mr. HOSKINS . . .
Mr. T. S. BELLAIR Has Kindly given his services and will appear as MACDUFF.
MISS JULIA HARLAND Will appear as HECATE . . .

ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH, STURT STREET, Will take place on Next SUNDAY. 8th November.
A SOLEMN PONTIFICAL HIGH MASS Will be sung by his Lordship the Bishop at 11 o'clock a.m., assisted by a numerous body of the Clergy . . .
THE GRAND IMPERIAL MASS OF HAYDN Will be performed on the occasion.
PRINCIPAL INSTRUMENTALISTS: 1st Violin - Messrs. King and J. Howson, Junior;
2nd Violin - Mr. Smith and Master Bellair . . .
CONDUCTOR: MR. WILKINSON (of Melbourne) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS (1): William Hoskins (actor, manager, Harland's husband); Henry Neil Warner (actor)

ASSOCIATIONS (2): John Howson (vocalist); Frank Howson (vocalist); Emma and Clelia Howson (vocalists); John Jerome Howson (violin); William Augustus Wilkinson (conductor)

"MELBOURNE UNIVERSITY", The Age (27 March 1867), 6 

The annual matriculation at the Melbourne University took place on the 2nd inst. The following gentlemen were admitted as undergraduates: . . . Francis Theodore Bellair . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (22 May 1874), 2 

The relatives and friends of Mr. Theodore Bellair, of the Crown Lands office, have (says the Age) been thrown into a state of great anxiety by his unaccountable disappearance during the last three or four weeks. It appears that on the 25th ult. Mr. Bellair obtained four days' leave of absence, with the expressed purpose of proceeding to Echuca. Since that date he has not been heard of, though every effort has been made to trace him. No reason can be assigned for his prolonged absence, more especially as he was about to receive promotion in his office. It is feared that his health, which was none of the best, has given way, and that he is laid up at some place in the interior. If this be the case, his friends hope that this paragraph may be seen by some one who will be able to give some information respecting Mr. Bellair, and that they will not hesitate to communicate with the Lands office.

The Police Gazette has the following notice: -
“Thomas S. Bellair, Pastoral hotel, Newmarket, Flemington, reports that his son, Theodore Bellair, is missing from his home, Victoria parade, Fitzroy, since about the 1st inst. Description: - 25 years of age, 5 feet 6 inches high, - thin build, slight figure, dark brown moustache, otherwise clean shaved, and black hair; generally dresses in dark clothing and black belltopper hat. He has been under the care of a doctor lately, and is stated to have been very depressed in spirits."

The Telegraph says: - "His affairs, both official and private, are in perfect order, and as no reason can be assigned for his disappearance, it is feared he has met with an accident, or possibly with foul play."

"DEATH OF MR. T. S. BELLAIR", Wagga Wagga Express (16 May 1893), 2 

After something like twelve months' illness Mr. Thomas Smith Bellair succumbed at his residence, Wagga, on Sunday morning. On Saturday night the deceased gentleman was taken seriously ill, having then been confined to his room for about six weeks. After the lapse of a few hours he appeared to improve, but again became very ill and did not again rally.

The deceased gentleman had been under the exclusive care of Dr. Long for the past twelve months. Just previous to that, acting under Dr. Long's advice, Mr. Bellair went to Sydney, and was examined by Dr. Fiaschi and Dr. Scot-Skirving, who considered the case was hopeless and said the patient could not possibly live any appreciable length of time. Mr. Bellair, however, after returning to Wagga, has lingered for twelve months under Dr. Long's treatment. The doctor informs us that the direct cause of death was fatty degeneration of the heart. This disease, although causing no actual pain in itself, brings in its train dropsy and other affections which render life well nigh unbearable. The end was a very calm and peaceable one, the deceased gentleman passing away quietly at about twenty minutes to eleven on Sunday morning, surrounded by the members of his family.

During his eight years' residence in Wagga Mr. Bellair met many whom he knew during his early theatrical experiences, and all had a kindly word for the actor veteran who was allied with the early days of Victorian drama. The Commercial Hotel was known through out the colony as being kept by "Tom" Bellair, as he was familiarly termed by a large circle of friends. At the time of death Mr. Bellair was in his 68th year, and leaves a widow, and family consisting of six sons and three daughters, the youngest child being about ten years.

The funeral was fixed for 3.30 yesterday afternoon, and by the hour appointed a large number of vehicles were drawn up outside the Commercial Hotel. Owing to the threatening weather many were prevented from attending the cemetery, to swell the otherwise large gathering which assembled to pay a tribute of respect to the memory of the deceased. The funeral service was read by the Rev. D. C. Bates, of St. John's Church of England. In the course of his sermon, at St. John's Church on Sunday evening, the Rev. D. C. Bates made brief reference to Mr. Bellair's death. He said that just as the congregation had been praying for him, the soul of a well known member of their community had crossed the bar out of the troublous and stormy sea into the haven of rest and peace. The organist (Mr. F. C. Barry) played Mendelssohn's Funeral March at the close of the service. The hymn "Days and moments quickly flying" was chosen as the first hymn, as being suitable to the occasion.

The deceased gentleman was born in Wellington, Salop, England, on 23rd May, 1825, and of his home life it may be said he was for some time with Mr. A. Alexander, and Mr. Murray, of Scotland. He first landed in Melbourne in 1855, in the ship James Bain, en route to New South Wales to fulfil an engagement with Mr. Andrew Torning, then lessee of the Victoria Theatre, Sydney. He was with him two years, and took a dramatic company to Auckland, New Zealand, returning to Sydney for a short engagement. Thence he went to Victoria, where his first appearance was at the Royal as "Gratiano" in the Merchant of Venice; G. V. Brooke and Geo. Coppin being the lessees at that time. These latter dissolved partnership, when Mr. Bellair joined Mr. Coppin in the Olympic Theatre, ironically termed the "iron pot." The dissolution of partnership occurred a few months prior to Mr. Brooke's departure for England, and who was lost in the s.s. London, on his return journey. The Victorian engagements extended over a period of four years, and subsequently Mr. Bellair went to Ballarat, where he joined Mr. Hoskins in partnership of the Theatre Royal and Cafe.

He there followed his professional occupation for some time, and became the first lessee of Lester's hotel, which is now one of the finest country hotels in the colonies, and which he held for 8 years. He then went to Melbourne, and was one of the managers of the first Theatre Royal amalgamation, consisting of Messrs. Stewart, Coppin, Hennings and Bellair. In 1869 he went to India, taking a company with him to tour the provinces, the trip turning out very successfully. In 1870 he took the Pastoral Hotel at Flemington, and during the first two years of his tenancy of this hotel he acted in Melbourne, where he opened the Opera House. He held the license of the Pastoral Hotel 11 years, and during that time was a member of the Essendon and Flemington Municipal Council for 7 years, in three of which he occupied the mayoral chair. He then retired from business, living privately for 4 years at Moonee Ponds. While there he took and active part in the Essendon dramatic club, taking the duties of stage manager, and coaching the members. On his departure from Moonee Ponds he was the recipient of an illuminated address from the dramatic club, the well-known litterateur, Mr. R. P. Whitworth, making the presentation.

In 1885 Mr. Bellair secured the Commercial Hotel, Wagga, where has lived with his family up to the time of his death. During his tenancy of this well-known hostelry, of which Mr. Bellair was the proprietor as well as the lessee, some valuable additions, costing some thousands of pounds, have been made. Mr. Bellair proved a good townsman, having the bulk of his capital invested here, and the remainder at Melbourne. Mr. Bellair was a member of the St. John's (Wagga) lodge of Freemasons, having affiliated from a Melbourne lodge of which Sir. Wm. J. Clarke is the grand master. His residence in Wagga was not marked by any special public office, but it may be said that in his unassuming genial manner he performed many acts for the advancement of his fellow townsmen.

"Death of Mr. T. S. Bellair", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (16 May 1893), 2 

It is with sincere regret we announce the death of Mr. T. S. Bellair, the proprietor of the Commercial Hotel, Wagga, one of the largest and best known hotels in this part of the colony. Mr. Bellair, until about a year ago, enjoyed what might be termed robust health, and although long past the prime of life, bore every appearance of reaching a ripe old age. About the time mentioned, however, the deceased gentleman was attacked by a serious illness, by which he was completely prostrated. For several weeks he was confined to his bed, and when he had sufficiently recovered to move about he went on a visit to Bundanoon, with a view of profiting by the change of air. During the first few weeks of his stay in the new locale he seemed to benefit considerably, but afterwards his illness re-asserted itself, and he returned to Wagga very little better. He afterwards, however, considerably improved, but was never able to take an active part in the management of the business. He lingered in a weak condition for several months, but was not obliged to take to his bed until Saturday last. On that day he took a turn for the worse, but he recovered considerably towards evening. Later on Saturday night he again suffered from a severe attack, and this continued up to the time of his death, which took place at 11 a.m. on Sunday. The cause of death was a general break up of the system, a fact not to be wondered at considering the active and eventful life Mr. Bellair had led.

The news of his death was received in town with general feelings of regret and great sympathy was expressed with his widow and family in their sad bereavement. Mr. Bellair, although he did not take a very active part in public affairs since he come to reside in Wagga, was always looked upon as a public-spirited citizen, who could be relied upon to act a creditable part when the occasion arose.

As is well known the deceased gentleman was formerly connected with the theatrical profession for a lengthy period, and before entering on business pursuits had gained a reputation as an actor of first-class powers.

Mr. Bellair was born in Wellington, Salop, England on the 23rd May, 1825, and was consequently almost 68 years of age at the time of his death. At a very early age he showed a preference for the stage and joined the dramatic profession rather than enter upon any other line of life. He very soon secured a good place in theatrical circles, and was much esteemed as an actor in England before coming to Australia. He arrived in the colonies by the well-known clipper James Baines in 1855, to fulfil a two years' engagement to Mr. Andrew Forning [sic, Torning], who was the lessee of the Victorian Theatre, Sydney. He was acting stage manager for Mr. Forning, and at the termination of his engagement took a company on his own account to Auckland, New Zealand. After playing a short season there he went to Melbourne. Mr. Bellair will be remembered by old Victorians as a sterling actor, who made his first appearance in Melbourne, at the Royal, as Gratiano in the "Merchant of Venice," when G. V. Brooke and George Coppin were the lessees. When the latter couple dissolved partnership, Mr. Bellair joined Mr. Coppin in the Olympic Theatre (then ironically termed "The Iron Pot"), and afterwards became joint lessee with Mr. W. Hoskins of the Theatre Royal, Ballarat. After that Mr. Bellair was the first lessee of Lester's Hotel, Ballarat, which he kept for eight years, on leaving which he took a dramatic company to Calcutta. On his return, he occupied the Pastoral Hotel, at Newmarket, near Melbourne, for 11 years. During this time he was for seven years a member of the Essendon and Flemington Municipal Council and for three years was unanimously elected Mayor, or Chief Magistrate, of the municipality. On the 27th of February, 1885, he was entertained at a banquet by the members of the Essendon Dramatic Club, to whom he had often given valuable assistance, and presented with a very flattering illuminated address, written by the well-known litterateur of Melbourne, Mr. R. P. Whitworth.

Mr. Bellair leaves a widow and several sons and daughters. All the sons with one exception (a boy at school) have entered upon careers, three residing at Wagga. One of the daughters is married to Mr. Piddington, now manager of a branch of the Commercial Bank. The others have not yet completed their education.

The funeral took place yesterday afternoon, when a large number of friends followed the remains to the Wagga cemetery. Notwithstanding the fact that very short notice of the funeral had been given, the cortege numbered over 50 vehicles. The coffin, which was a very handsome one, was covered with wreaths, which had been sent as tokens of respect and sympathy by many of the friends of the deceased gentleman, and there being insufficient room in the hearse for all of the wreaths many of them were placed on the outside. The funeral service at the grave were conducted by the Rev. D. Bates, of St. John's Church, and the pall bearers were Messrs. G. P. Wilson, C. H. Croaker, W. C Hunter, and J. C. Hawkins. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. A. Cruickshank.


Dancer, theatrical dancer

? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1854 (per Saldanah, from Liverpool)
Active Bendigo, VIC, May-July 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? Names and descriptions of passengers per Saldanha, from Liverpool, 17 March 1854, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Golonis Bellati / 36 / Joiner . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (24 May 1856), 3 

Notice. - An engagement, for six nights only, has been effected with the eminent Italian vocalist
SIGNOR SALVATOR BONFIGLI, Primo Tenore of La Scala, Milan,
And of SIGNOR BELLATI, Principal Dancer of the Grand Opera at Turin,
Who will make their first appearance in Australia on Mondav evening next.
Dress Circle, and Stalls, 10s; Pit, 5s.
S. T. HOWARD, Stage Manager. W. CHESTER, Treasurer

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Vaughan Brooke (actor); Salvatore Bonfiglio (vocalist); Sam Howard (actor, manager); William Chester (treasurer); Henry Coleman (proprietor); Criterion Theatre (Bendigo venue)

"COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 May 1856), 3 

During the last week, in consequence of the inclemenoy of the weather, this theatre has been very poorly attended, although the performances have possessed more than ordinary merit. This may in some part also be owing to the reaction consequent upon Mr. Brooke's engagement. To-night a very attractive bill of fare is provided, and as those very talented performers, Mr. and Mrs. Holt, will appear in the "Honeymoon" and a new drama, a good attendance may be expected. Signor Bonfigli, whose vocal abilities are of a high order, will sing a cavatina, and Signor Bellati, a dancer of considerable ability, will perform a pas de deux with Mrs. McGowan. We understand that it is in contemplation to produce a Grand Ballet in the course of next week, which as it is a novelty, will excite some interest.

ASSOCIATIONS: Clarance and Marie Holt (actors); Fanny McGowan (dancer)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (14 July 1856), 3 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE . . . ON MONDAY EVENING, July 14, 1856 . . . Pas de Deux - Mrs. R. Macgowan and Signer Bellati . . .


Amateur vocalist, naval surgeon

Born Crémieu, Auvergne, France, 27 December 1764; son of Laurent BELLEFIN and Claudine Suzanne PLANTIER
Active Australia and Tasmania, 1801-02 (per Géographe)
Died Montivilliers, Normandy, 3 August 1835érôme_Bellefin (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: François Péron (reporter); Arra-Maïda (singer, dancer)


On 31 January 1802, Péron and Beleffin encountered a group of Bruny Island women and an exchange of songs between Bellefin and the woman later identified as Arra-Maïda, and dances, took place.

Péron's published account of the incident first appeared in 1807, and was published again in an English translation in 1809. Excerpts also later appeared in Bonwick 1870 (newly translated), Bonwick 1884, and Fenton 1884 (abridged from Bonwick).

Contrary to claims of some commentators, Bellefin's song is not here named as La Marseillaise. This is apparently an elision of detail from a slightly earlier encounter on the Tasmanian mainland in mid January (perhaps the 14th or 15th), when Péron does not actually name it, but refers to it only obliquely as "cet hymne si malheureusement prostitué dans la révolution."

See main entry in chronicle: 

Documentation (Bruny Island, VDL, 31 January 1802)

François Péron, Voyage de découvertes aux terres australes, exécuté par ordre de a majeste l'emprereur et roi, sur les corvettes le Géographe, le Naturaliste et la goelette le Casuarina, pendant les années 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804 ... tome premier

(Paris: de L'imprimerie Impériale, 1807), 250-56 (DIGITISED)

Le 31 janvier, de bonne heure, je descendis à terre sur l'île Bruny. Une embarcation du Naturaliste et notre grand canot avoient apporté beaucoup de monde sur cette île, soit pour y faire la pêche, soit pour y préparer le bois nécessaire aux vaisseaux. La mer étoit basse : je partis aussitôt pour en prolonger les contours. Déjà je m'étois assez éloigné de nos embarcations pour ne pouvoir plus les distinguer, lorsqu'après avoir doublé une grosse pointe, j'aperçus une vingtaine de sauvages qui venoient à ma rencontre, en marchant sur la grève. Je n'hésitai pas à rebrousser chemin, trop instruit, par nos derniers accidens, du danger que [251] de semblables rencontres portoient avec elles. En me retirant ainsi, je rencontrai MM. HEIRISSON, officier du Naturaliste, et BELLEFIN, médecin de ce même bâtiment, qui s'amusoient à chasser sur le bord de la forêt. Je leur fis part du motif de ma retraite: ils m'offrirent de retourner avec moi au-devant des sauvages pour chercher à lier quelques communications avec eux; notre nombre et nos armes nous mettant à l'abri de leur mauvaise volonté, j'acceptai la proposition de mes amis. Déjà nous n'étions plus qu'à peu de distance de la troupe, lorsque tout-à-coup elle se rejeta dans la forêt et disparut. Nous gravîmes alors les dunes; et sans chercher à poursuivre les naturels, ce que l'agilité particulière à ces peuples auroit rendu trop inutile, nous nous contentâmes de les appeler, en leur présentant divers objets, et sur-tout en agitant nos mouchoirs. A ces démonstrations d'amitié, la troupe hésite un instant, s'arrête ensuite, et se détermine à nous attendre. Ce fut alors que nous reconnûmes que nous avions affaire à des femmes; il n'y avoit pas un individu mâle avec elles. Nous nous disposions à les joindre de plus près, lorsqu'une des plus âgées d'entre elles, se détachant de ses compagnes, nous fait signe de nous arrêter et de nous asseoir, en nous criant avec force, mêdi, médï [asseyez-vous, asseyez-vous]; elle sembloit nous prier aussi de déposer nos armes, dont la vue les épouvantoit.

Ces conditions préliminaires ayant été remplies, les femmes s'accroupirent sur leurs talons; et dès ce moment elles parurent s'abandonner sans réserve à la vivacité de leur caractère, parlant toutes ensemble, nous interrogeant toutes à-la-fois, ayant l'air souvent de nous critiquer et de rire à nos dépens, faisant, en un mot, mille gestes, mille contorsions aussi singulières que variées. M. BELLEFIN se mit à chanter, en s'accompagnant de gestes très-vifs et très-animés; les femmes firent aussitôt silence, observant avec autant d'attention les gestes de M. BELLEFIN, qu'elles paroissoient en prêter à ses chants. A mesure qu'un couplet étoit [252] fini, les unes applaudissoient par de grands cris, d'autres rioient aux éclats, tandis que les jeunes filles, plus timides sans doute, gardoient le silence, témoignant néanmoins, par leurs gestes et par l'expression de leur physionomie, leur surprise et leur satisfaction.

[253] . . . une seule, au milieu de toutes ses compagnes, avoit conservé une grande assurance, avec beaucoup d'enjouement et de jovialité; c'étoit celle qui nous avoit imposé les conditions dont j'ai parlé précédemment. Après que M. BELLEFIN eut terminé sa chanson, elle se mit à contrefaire ses gestes et son ton de voix d'une manière fort originale et très-plaisante, ce qui divertit beaucoup ses camarades: puis elle commença elle-même à chanter sur un mode tellement rapide, qu'il eût été difficile de rapporter une telle musique aux principes ordinaires de la nôtre. Leur chant, au surplus, est ici d'accord avec leur langage; car telle est la volubilité du parler de ces peuples, qu'il est impossible, ainsi que nous le dirons ailleurs, de distinguer aucun son précis dans leur prononciation: c'est une sorte de roulement qui ne sauroit trouver dans nos langues Européennes aucun terme de comparaison ou d'analogie.

Excitée, pour ainsi dire, par ses propres chants, auxquels nous n'avions pas manqué d'applaudir avec chaleur, et voulant sans doute mériter nos suffrages sous d'autres rapports, notre joviale Diéménoise se mit à exécuter divers mouvemens de danse, dont quelques-uns pourroient être regardés comme excessivement indécens, si dans cet état des sociétés l'homme n'étoit encore absolument étranger à toute cette délicatesse de sentimens et d'actions qui n'est pour nous qu'un produit heureux du perfectionnement de l'ordre social.

Tandis que tout ceci se passoit, je m'occupois à recueillir précieusement et à noter les détails que je viens d'exposer, et beaucoup d'autres encore qui se reproduiront ailleurs avec intérêt: je fus remarqué sans doute par la même femme qui venoit de danser; car à peine elle eut fini sa danse , qu'elle s'approcha de moi d'un air obligeant, prit dans un sac de jonc, semblable à celui que j'ai décrit ailleurs, quelques charbons qui s'y trouvoient, les écrasa dans sa main, et se disposa à m'appliquer une couche du fard ordinaire [254] de ces régions. Je me prêtai volontiers à ce caprice obligeant; M. HEIRISSON eut la même complaisance, et reçut un pareil masque. Nous parûmes être alors un grand sujet d'admiration pour ces femmes; elles sembloient nous regarder avec une douce satisfaction, et nous féliciter des nouveaux agrémens que nous venions d'acquérir. Ainsi donc cette blancheur Européenne dont notre espèce est si fière, n'est plus qu'un défaut réel, une sorte de difformité qui doit le céder, dans ces climats lointains, à la couleur noire du charbon, au rouge sombre de l'ocre ou de la terre glaise . . .

[256] . . . Peu de jours après, j'eus le plaisir de rencontrer la même femme dont il vient d'être tant de fois question; j'appris alors qu'elle se nommoit ARRA-MAÏDA. M. PETIT voulut bien, à ma prière, en faire le portrait, qui se trouve dans l'atlas [PL. XII], et qui, sous tous les rapports, est d'une ressemblance parfaite. On y retrouve bien, si je ne me trompe, ce caractère d'assurance et de fierté qui clistinguoit éminemment cette femme, de toutes ses compagnes. Lorsque je la rencontrai la dernière fois, elle portoit un petit enfant derrière le dos . . .

François Péron (Peron), A voyage of discovery to the Southern Hemisphere, performed by order of the emperor Napoleon, during the years 1801, 1802, 1803, and 1804 ... translated from the French (London: Richard Phillips, 1809), 195-98, 200 (DIGITISED)

On the 31st of January, early in the morning, I landed on the isle Bruny. A boat from the Naturalist and our longboat, had brought a considerable number of people on shore on this island, either to fish or to get wood for the ships. The tide was low, and I immediately left the people, with the intention of walking as far as I could round the circumference of the island, at the same time keeping along the shore. I had got out of sight of the boats, when after doubling a large point, I perceived about twenty savages coming along the shore, as if to meet me. I without hesitating a moment turned back, warned by experience of the danger of such rencontres.

As I thus retreated, I met M. Heirisson, officer of the Naturalist, and M. Bellefin, the doctor of that ship, who were [196] amusing themselves by shooting on the borders of the forest. I told them the reason of my retreat, and they offered to return with me and face the savages, that we might endeavour to have some communication with them. Our number and our arms being now a sufficient protection against their ill will, if they should be disposed to offend us, I accepted the proposal of my friends. We were at this time at only a small distance from the company, when in a moment they again disappeared among the trees of the forest. We now climbed the downs, and without pursuing the natives, which the swiftness of foot peculiar to these people would have made hopeless, we contented ourselves with calling to them, shewing them several different things as presents, and at the same time waving our handkerchiefs. At these demonstrations of friendship they hesitated an instant, and then stopped, as if to wait for us. We now discovered that they were women, and that there was not a single male among the party. We were advancing nearer, when one of the oldest of them leaving her companions a few steps in the rear, made signs to us to stay where we were, and to sit down, calling aloud to us médi, médi (sit down, sit down); she seemed also to desire us to lay down our arms, of which they seemed to be in some fear.

These preliminaries being settled, the women squatted on their heels, and from that moment seemed to shew all the natural vivacity of their character without the least reserve, and speaking altogether, asked us a number of questions, seeming often to criticise our appearance, and laugh heartily at our expence, making a thousand odd gestures and contortions. M. Bellefin began to sing, at the same time using a great deal of action; the women immediately kept silence, observing with as much attention the motions of M. Bellefin as they seemed to give to the sound of his voice. At the end of every verse some applauded him with loud acclamations, others laughed heartily, while the young women, being more timid, kept silence, and expressed their surprize and satisfaction only by their looks and gestures . . .

[197] . . . one only, among all her companions, had preserved any degree of confidence, with a lively and merry temper: this was she who had imposed the preliminary conditions which I mentioned above.

After M. Bellefin had concluded his song, she began to mimic his action and the tone of his voice, in a very pleasant and truly original manner, which much diverted her companions: she next began herself to sing, with such a rapidity of expression, that it would be very difficult to give any idea of music, such as it was, so different from the general principles of any European music.

Their tunes seem entirely to accord with their language; for these people speak with such quickness and volubility, that it is impossible, as we shall shew hereafter, to distinguish their pronunciation with any degree of precision: it is a sort of rolling sound, for which our European languages do not furnish any expression of comparison or analogy.

Excited by the sound of her own voice, which we did not fail to applaud with much warmth, and doubtless wishing to obtain our admiration in other respects, our jovial Diemenese began to dance, and to throw herself into divers attitudes, some of which might be thought very indecent, if [198] in this state of society, men were not still absolutely strangers to all the delicacy of sentiment and conduct, which among us is only the consequence of complete civilization.

While all this was passing, I employed myself in minuting all the particulars which I have here given, and many other observations, which will with more propriety be produced at a future time. I was doubtless observed by this same woman, who had exerted herself so much to entertain us; for she had no sooner finished her dance, than she came close to me, and taking from a bag made of rushes, such as I have before described, some charcoal which it contained, she crushed it between her hands, and with an obliging air she began to apply it on my face, as is customary in these regions. I willingly submitted to this obliging piece of caprice: M. Heirisson had the same complaisance, and was ornamented with a similar mask. We now seemed to be very much admired by these women; they appeared to regard us with a degree of sweet satisfaction and pleasure, and seemed to congratulate us on the acquisition of such an addition to our beauty. Thus it appears that the fairness of skin, of which Europeans are so vain, is an absolute defect, and a sort of deformity, which, in these distant climates, must yield the palm of beauty to the blackness of coal, or the colour of red ochre . . .

[200] . . . A few days after, I had the pleasure of meeting the same woman who had so much attracted our attention: I then learnt that her name was Arra-Maida. M. Petit, at my request, drew a likeness of her, and which is a very correct resemblance: in the features may be easily discovered that expression of courage and superiority, which so eminently distintguished her from her companions. The last time I met with er, she had a young child at her back . . .

Bibliography and resources:

James Bonwick, The last of the Tasmanians; or, the black war of Van Diemen's Land (London: Samson, Low, Son, and Marston, 1870), 22-25 (? newly translated from Péron 1807) (DIGITISED)

James Bonwick, The lost Tasmanian race (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1884), 14-16 (from Bonwick 1870b) (DIGITISED)

James Fenton, A history of Tasmania from its discovery in 1642 to the present time . . . with map of the island and portraits of aborigines in chromo-lithography (Hobart: J. Walch and Sons, 1884), 19-20 (from Bonwick 1870, abridged) (DIGITISED)

H. Ling Roth, The aborigines of Tasmania (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co. 1890), 41-44 (newly translated from Péron 1807) (DIGITISED)

Inga Clendinnen, Dancing with strangers: Europeans and Australians at first contact (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 292

Shino Konishi, "François Péron and the Tasmanians: an unrequited romance", in Ingereth Macfarlane and Mark Hannah (eds), Transgressions: critical Australian Indigenous histories (Aboriginal History monograph, no. 16) (Canberra: ANU E Press and Aboriginal History Inc., 2007), 1-18 (DIGITISED)

Jean Fornasiero and John West-Sooby, "Cross-cultural inquiry in 1802: musical performance on the Baudin expedition to Australia", in Kate Darian-Smith and Penelope Edmonds (eds), Conciliation on colonial frontiers: conflict, performance, and commemoration in Australia and the Pacific Rim (New York and Oxford: Routledge, 2015), 17-35 (PREVIEW)


Musical amateur, proprietor of a music circulating library, musicseller, concert presenter

Born Sussex, England, 1791; baptised Rye, Sussex, 13 July 1791; son of Thomas BELLINGHAM and Elizabeth KITE
Married (1) Elizabeth BARNARD (1794-1834), St. Nicholas, Deptford, England, 18 November 1813
Married (2) Julie Rowe IVE (1817-1897), St. Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, England, 23 August 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 January 1841 (per Conrad, from London and Plymouth, 6 October)
Died Hunters Hill, NSW, 28 January 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Report of a Barque, Conrad, from London and Plymouth, 6 October 1840, arrived in Port Jackson, 31 January 1841; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Cabin / Mr. Francis Bellingham / Mrs. Bellingham and five children

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS. YESTERDAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (1 February 1841), 2 

CONRAD, brig, 406 tons, Campbell, master, from Plymouth, 6th October. Cargo - Merchandise, and 65 Immigrants. Agents, Gore and Co. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Bellingham, and 5 Children . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (6 May 1842), 674 

In the Insolvent Estate of Francis Bellingham, of Wollongong, Settler.
WHEREAS the Estate of Francis Bellingham was, on the 2nd day of May, 1842, placed under Sequestration . . .

On duly applying for his certificate, see "LAW INTELLIGENCE . . . THE NEW INSOLVENT LAW", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1843), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1846), 1 

To the Merchants, Tradesmen, and residents of Sydney and its vicinity.
THE closing of the Commercial Reading Rooms having left a void in the capital of the colony, the advertiser, at the request of numerous friends, has been induced to open a
SUBSCRIPTION LIBRARY AND READING ROOMS, supplied with a liberal selection of the best Periodicals of the day, with the principal European and Colonial Newspapers, and a well chosen Library of Books for circulation among the subscribers and their families . . .
The want of an Exchange, or place of meeting for merchants, consignees, and others interested in the import and export trade of the colonies, has been long felt. The advertiser, as soon as suitable premises can be obtained, and requisite arrangements made, will add to the Library and Reading Rooms, a "SYDNEY LLOYDS AND EXCHANGE ROOMS," with private rooms for settling arbitrations, averages, and other purposes necessary for a mercantile community.
FRANCIS BELLINGHAM, Secretary to the late Commercial Reading Rooms. August 4.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1847), 1 

THE Undersigned having purchased a large assortment of modern and popular music, adapted for the voice and pianoforte (selected by a Professor from a recent importation), is prepared to circulate the same on the following terms: -
Annual subscription, Two Pounds.
Quarterly ditto, Fifteen Shillings.
Payable in advance.
The subscribers will be allowed three pieces of music, to be exchanged weekly.
The subscribers will be allowed to nominate any music adapted for the use of the library to the amount of one-half of their subscriptions, which they may purchase (if they desire) at one-half the cost price, after six months circulation.
A selection of the most popular and recently published music will be shipped from London monthly.
February 10.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1847), 3 

having been formed for the purpose of establishing the above Society, Gentlemen (Amateurs) who are desirous to become members, either as vocal or instrumental performers, are requested to send their names to the
Secretary, at the Sydney Exchange Rooms, 456, George-street, on or before Tuesday next, the 9th instant.
FRANCIS BELLINGHAM, Secretary. March 4.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1847), 1 

THE undersigned having for some time past had under consideration a plan that will afford the means of rational gratification to a respectable and numerous class of society, and conduce to the study and practice of vocal and instrumental music, with a view to concentrate the amateur talent which prevails in this city, and, by the means of monthly concerts, to give access to the productions of the great composers; and being desirous to make arrangements for the delivery of a course of Lectures on Literary and Scientific Subjects, (to alternate with the concerts,) he invites, in addition to those who have already proferred their assistance, the co-operation of gentlemen whose studies have qualified them to impart information.
The undersigned înviteB the attention of the heads of large establishments, in the hope that their influence may be used with persons in their employ, to prevail upon them to apply a portion of their leisure hours in the attainment of useful knowledge.
The undersigned earnestly invites those parties for whose immediate use and future benefit this operation is mainly designed, to become the recipients of the advantages it will afford, and by opening new sources of knowledge, combined with delightful recreation, to be the means of substituting moral pursuits for those of sensuality; and thus retrieve the character of the colony from the contumely cast upon it, as being a land of intellectual sterility.
The Concert and Lecture Room will be open to the subscribers every evening (except on practice nights) for converzatione, and for reference to the European and Colonial Journals, and to an extensive selection of monthly and quarterly periodicals.
A personal interview with parties desirous to be identified wiih this undertaking is requested at an early period, when the proposed plan will be more fully explained.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1847), 1 

LECTURES. Sydney Exchange Rooms, 456, George-street. THE undersigned being desirous to complete his arrangements, requests proposals to be made to him by gentlemen willing to deliver Lectures at the Sydney Exchange Rooms, on Natural and Experimental Philosophy, on the Theory and Practice of Music, (with illustrations) and on subjects connected with Literature and the Fine Arts.
Persons acquainted with the colony are invited to prepare Essays or Papers, with a view to develop its internal resources, and increase its trade, to be read to the Subscribers at the Rooms, and printed in a periodic form for circulation.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1847), 1 

IN consequence of the assistance kindly proferred by several amateurs for the purpose of promoting the study and practice of Vocal and Instrumental Music, and to concentrate the talent as well as gratify the taste which prevails in Sydney; the undersigned begs to announce that he has made arrangements for a series of monthly Concerts, to be held at the Sydney Exchange Rooms.
The Concerts will commence on FRIDAY, the 10th September next, and be continued on the first FRIDAY in each succeeding month.
The undersigned being desirous to make his establishment the means of imparting to the subscribers a knowledge of the discoveries in science and art, and of directing their attention to the importance of the adaptation of those discoveries to the productions of the colony, with a view to apply its resources to the extension of its commerce, purposes to have a series of Lectures delivered at the Rooms, in the various branches of Natural Philosophy, Literature, and the Fine Arts.
TERMS: Per quarter. £ s. d.
Single ticket to the monthly concerts, weekly rehearsals, and evening use of the rooms, for reference to the journals and periodicals - 0 9 0
Double ticket as above, and to admit a lady to the concerts - 0 12 0
The tickets will also admit to the lectures to be given intermediately with the concerts.
Subscribers tickets can be obtained on application at the Sydney Exchange.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1847), 1 

TO BE SOLD by auction, This Day, on the premises of Mr. Francis Bellingham, No. 456, George-street, known as the Sydney Exchange, under distress for rent, the whole of the Household Furniture, Piano-forte, Globes, Plate, Knives and Forks, Glass, and Kitchen Utensils.
ALSO, A valuable Library of Books, of the most approved authors; likewise a large assortment of the latest Magazines, Reviews, Periodicals, and complete files of English and Colonial newspapers.
The sale to take place at twelve o'clock precisely,

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1847), 1 

THE Subscription Concerts announced to take place at the Sydney Exchange Rooms, having been prevented by the most untoward circumstances, the undersigned with a view to meet his present exigences, begs to inform his friends and the inhabitants of Sydney, that he has made arrangements for giving three Concerts at the School of Arts.
The first Concert, with the assistance of Madame Carandini, Messrs. F. and J. Howson, and several amateur friends, who have kindly profferred their aid, will take place on Friday the 15th instant, and be continued on Friday, the 29th instant, and the 12th November.
The undersigned begs also to announce that on Friday, the 22nd instant, and the 6th November, he will deliver two Lectures on "THE CREATION," showing the harmony subsisting between the Mosaic account, and the discoveries in Geology and Astronomy: during these Lectures the true theory of motion will be demonstrated by machinery constructed for the occasion; the motive power being produced by the antagonism of the elements.
TERMS: £ s. d.
Single ticket to admit a gentleman to the Concerts and Lectures - 0 7 6
Double ticket to admit a gentleman and a lady to the Concerts and Lectures - 0 12 6
Ticket to a separate Concert, or to the two Lectures - 0 2 6
Tickets to be obtained from S. P. Hill, at the School of Arts, Pitt-street; Mr. Grocott, Music Saloon; and at the Exchange Rooms, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (vocalist); Frank Howson (vocalist); John Howson (vocalist); Samuel Prout Hill (agent); James Turner Grocott (agent, musicseller); Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 October 1847), 1 

MR. HORNCASTLE'S Musical Entertainment will take place on WEDNESDAY next, the 13th instant, instead of Friday, the 15th and at the
SALOON of the ROYAL HOTEL instead of the School of Arts, that place being engaged by Mr. Bellingham for a Concert,
of which Mr. Horncastle was not aware till his own announcement had been made . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick William Horncastle (vocalist, musician); Royal Hotel (Sydney venue)

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. SUPREME COURT. THURSDAY . . . RICHARDS V BELLINGHAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1847), 2 

This was an action of debt, for use and occupation, &c., the defendant pleaded never indebted, upon which issue was joined.
Mr. LOWE stated the plaintiffs case, thus - that the defendant had taken certain premises of the plaintiff at the yearly rent of £487, which premises were in George street, no agreement in writing, unfortunately, had passed between the plaintiff and defendant, but it was understood between them, that the defendant should have them for a year certain at that rent, and might remain in possession longer, if the business the defendant then purposed commencing should answer . . .
The Jury found a verdict for the plaintiff, debt £243 15s, and damages 1s.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", Sydney Chronicle (27 November 1847), 2 

Francis Bellingham, of 456, George-street, gentleman. Mr. C. Irving, official assignee.


This was an action of assumpsit by the late Assistant Secretary of the School of Arts, against Messrs. A'Beckett, Cape, and Illidge, three members of the General Committee, (the first being also the President of the Institution, and the second one of the Vice Presidents.) The declaration set out a contract on the 1st July last, whereby defendants agreed to engage the plaintiff for one whole year as Assistant Secretary, Librarian, and Curator of the Museum, at a salary of £100 a year, with ten per cent, on the member's subscriptions, and free residence for himself and family. It then went on to allege, as a breach of this contract the dismissal of the plaintiff on the 30th September last, laying the damages for same at £500 . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1870), 1 

On the 28th instant, at his residence, Hunter's Hill, FRANCIS BELLINGHAM, Esq.

Bibliography and resources:

Francis Bellingham, Find a grave 

Francis Bellingham, Geneanet 

BELLOMI, Alessandro (Geronimo Alessandro BELOMI; Alexander Jerome BELLOMI; BELLONI; ? BELONI)

Musician, brass player, teacher of languages

Born ? Italy, c. 1820; son of Carlo BELLOMI and Bianca ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, VIC, 26 May 1854 (per Claudine, from Port Louis, Mauritius, "Belloni, G. A", aged "34")
Married Harriet Beekman MORGAN (1833-1891), St. Paul's, Redfern, NSW, 2 April 1870
? Died by c. 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


List of passengers arrived at the Port of Melbourne, 26 May 1854, per Claudine, from Mauritius; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

L. Angelo / 24 // J. Devaux / 30 // G. A. Belloni [sic] / 34 // Galliardi / 29 // [all] Italians

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacinto Gagliardi (musician); "L. Angelo" probably = Angelo Lagomarsino (musician)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto;
Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa.
Herr Ellerner [sic, Elsasser] will preside at the piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Antonio Rangoni (cornet); Francesco Volpi (clarinet); Giovanni Abba (trombone); Giovanni Grenno (drum); Charles Elsasser (piano); Joseph Andrew Rowe (proprietor); Rowe's American Circus (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 December 1855), 3 

SIGNORI BELLANI and GAGLIARDI, from the Kingdom of Sardinia, having arrived in Sandhurst,
beg respectfully to inform the Diggers and Inhabitants generally that they, will give a Concert in characteristic costume as above,
on Saturday Evening, Dec. 8th, when they hope to secure that patronage be liberally accorded them on the other Goldfields.
Messrs. B. and G. will be assisted by an efficient Pianist and some first-class vocalists.
Further particulars in a future advertisement.

[Advertisement], Empire (15 August 1857), 6

Monsieur BELLOMI and Signor GAGLIARDI have lately arrived in Sydney, from the Universities of France and Italy; have travelled through Europe, Africa, India, and South America, where their short method of teaching the French, Italian, and Spanish languages, also handwriting, vocal and instrumental music, &c., gave satisfaction.
They intend giving instructions in this city, or in the country, in the same system, embracing
LANGUAGES. - La Veritable Education Française, La Sublime Conversazione Italiana, Y la Ricca Espanola.
HANDWRITING.- Gothic, Ronde, Coulée, Commercial.
Singing, Flute, Guitar, Flageolet, &c., &c.
Hoping this will meet your approbation, we beg to solicit your support, and remain, your humble servants,

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1865), 2 

ITALIAN LANGUAGE taught by Signor BELLOMI, from the Italian College, on the most approved system.
Pupils and schools attended. Elvy and Co. George-street, Sydney.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Hammond Elvy (musicseller)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1865), 4 

ITALIAN.-Signor BELLOMI, graduate of Turin, imparts a sound education and perfect pronunciation in Italian.
Correctness in Italian vocalism ensured. Apply ELVY and CO., George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1866), 5 

EDUCATION for the Daughters of Gentlemen, under the direction of Mrs. KNELLER PARKER.
Attendant Professors - M. del Sarte, Mr. J. Hill, Signor Bellomi, Mr. Montague, M. Laborde, Signor Carandini.
Wynyard, square North.

ASSOCIATIONS: Camille Del Sarte (singing master); Gerome Carandini (dancing master)

Names and descriptions of passengers per City of Adelaide, from Sydney, 26 May 1869, for Melbourne, Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . A. Bellomi / 39 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1870), 4 

ITALIAN and French Languages. - Signor BELLOMI.
Schools and families attended, 610, Brickfield-hill.

"YOUNG POLICE COURT. Monday. (Before Chas. Temple, Esquire, J.P.) AFFILLIATION CASE", The Burrangong Argus (19 March 1870), 2 

Alexander Bellomi was brought up charged with having neglected to contribute to the support of his illegitimate child. Bail was taken for the appearance of defendant in Sydney on 28th instant.

CENTRAL POLICE COURT. MONDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1870), 2 

Alexander J. Bellomi, charged by Harriet B. Morgan with having neglected to contribute towards the support of an illegitimate child of which he is the father, consented to an order for the payment of 10s. a week.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. MONDAY", Empire (29 March 1870), 2 

Alexander Jerome Bellomi was ordered to pay 10s. per week for twelve months, for the support of his illegitimate child.

1870, marriages solemnized in the district of Sydney in the colony of New South Wales, St. Paul's, Redfern; register 1855-79; Anglican Diocese of Sydney (PAYWALL)

No. 325 / Second of April 1870 St. Paul's Sydney / Alexander Jerome Bellomi, Bachelor, [born] Italy / Teacher of Languages / Full Age / Sydney / [parents] Charles & Bianca Bellomi
and Harriet Beekman Morgan, Spinster, [born] New South Wales / - / Full Age / Sydney / [parents] William Morgan and Harriet Beekman . . .

[Advertisement], Evening News (22 January 1885), 5 

MRS. BELLOMI, Teacher of Music. - Please call on ARTHUR CUBITT, Sydney Arcade, King-st.

"LAW REPORT. SUPREME COURT. THURSDAY, JUNE 10 . . . BESOMO V. MODINI (PART HEARD)", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1886), 4 

This was an action by Pasquale Besomo, phrenologist, against G. B. Modini, gunsmith of George-street, to recover £3000 damages for assault, false imprisonment, and slander . . .
The further hearing was resumed this morning. One Bellomi, who described himself as a professor of languages, was now interposed as a witness for the plaintiff. He spoke as to the details of the assault . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (30 October 1891), 8659 

In the estate of Harriet Beekman Bellomi, late of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, widow, deceased.
APPLICATION will be made . . . that administration . . . of the estate of the abovenamed deceased may be granted to Pasquale Besomo, of Surry Hills, in the Colony aforesaid, Esquire, the duly constituted guardian of Louis Alexander Bellomi and Lillian Evelyn Bellomi, the only children and next of kin of the deceased . . .


Musician, soldier, bandsman Band of the New South Wales Corps

Born St. Petersburg, Russia, c. 1766/67
Enlisted Westminster, England, 7 November 1796
Arrived (regimental guard) Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1798 (per Barwell, from Portsmouth, 6 November 1797)
Departed (with regiment), Sydney, NSW, April 1810 (for England)
Died England, 23 October 1811 (shareable link to this entry)


Alphabetical statement of service to 24 June 1806, New South Wales Corps (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

[Private] Belloy Greog'y / [Labourer] / [enlisted in NSW Corps] 7 Nov 1796 / Died 23 October 1811 (DIGITISED)

Monthly Pay-List and Muster-Roll of the New South Wales Regiment of Foot from 25 April to 24 May 1806 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Capt. [George] Johnston's company . . . Belloy Greg'y / Band

Pay-list of the 102nd Regiment of Foot from 25 June to 24 September 1809 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Belloy Greg'y / Band

Register of personnel, 1 January 1808, New South Wales Corps; (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

[Private] Belloy / Gregory / [enlisted in present corps] 7th Nov'r 1796 / [at] Westminster / [arrived] Barwell / May 1798 / [original rgt.] 1st / [age] 41 years 9 months / [born] Petersberg / Russia / . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps, 1789-1810 (Canberra: Privately published, 1992), 277

. . . 0-0-1806 Rank Band . . . 0-4-1810 to UK . . .

Robert Jordan, "Music and the military in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of Australian colonial history 17 (2015), (1-22), 9 (and note 33);dn=428841963923204;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

. . . In the muster December 1810 - March 1811, five bandsmen are listed. General Muster Books and Pay Lists, TNA, WO12/9905. One, Gregory Bellay [sic], was with the band in 1808-1810 [sic] . . .


Dancing master, theatrical dancer, choreographer, actor

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850-51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (28 February 1850), 2 

MR. BELMONT, late Ballet Master from the Pavilion Theatre, in the splendid Ballet Divertisement of the MOUNTAIN SYLPH.
THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, FEB. 28, 1849 . . . Scenery and Machinery by Mr. Douglass; Music by Mr. Richards; Fire-works by Mr. Atkins.
DONALD, a young Villager - Mr. BELMONT.
Hela, the Wizard of the Glen - Mr. Lazar.
EOLA, the Mountain Sylph - MISS LAZAR.
Jessy - Mrs. Lambert . . .
Sylphides . . . Villagers, Demons, &c.
In the course of the Ballet, all the original Pas and Pas de Deux will be danced by MR. BELMONT and MISS LAZAR.
The Reels, &c., by the Characters . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rachel and John Lazar (actors, dancers); Harriet Jones (Mrs. Lambert) (actor, vocalist); Henry Augustus Richards (musician); New Queen's Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (28 February 1850), 3 

Mr. Lazar has produced some very successful pieces during the last week, among which the Curse of Mammon, Pedlar's Acre, &c., may be mentioned, as having elicited great applause, although the houses have been anything but remunerative. This is the more surprising, as the present tune of year is looked upon as the theatrical harvest. However, Mr. Lazar produces an additional novelty this evening in the appearance of Mr. Belmont as a dancer and ballet actor, and of whom report speaks in very high terms. The beautiful divertissement of the Mountain Sylph is selected for his debut, and from the known tact of the manager, every justice will no doubt be done to the scenic and mechanical arrangements. The Hypocrite, we hear, is under rehearsal, in which Coppin appears as Maw-worm.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (16 March 1850), 2 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . THIS EVENING, Saturday, March 16th . . .
Dance - Mr. Belmont. Comic Duet - "Ballad Singers" - Miss Lazar and Mr. Coppin . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 February 1851), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Open every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Thursday, February 20th, 1851, will be presented . . .
Highland Fling, Mr. Belmont . . .


Theatre proprietor, theatrical manager, machinist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by March 1837
Died Sydney, NSW, 3/4 October 1843 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE NEW THEATRE", The Tasmanian [Hobart Town, VDL (TAS)] (3 March 1837), 7 

We are happy to hear that this house will be opened under the auspices of a Committee, who will have power to name or object to the pieces, and to settle disputes between the actors and the managers. The names of the gentlemen on the Committee, viz. A. F. Kemp, Esq., Thomas Hewitt, Esq., and George Cartwright, Esq. seem to warrant the assumption that the new Theatre, under such controul, will be conducted upon a respectable footing by Mr. Sampson Cameron, acting manager; Mr. John Taylor, stage manager; and Mr. James Belmore, machinist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samson Cameron (actor, manager); John Taylor (actor, manager); "new theatre", by mid 1838 renamed Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

[Advertisement], Bent's News and Tasmanian Three-Penny Register [Hobart Town, VDL (TAS)] (27 May 1837), 1 

Mr. Belmore, having become one of the Lessees of the New Theatre, begs to call the attention of his Friends and the Public generally to his being the only Theatrical Machinist in these Colonies . . .
. . . Mr. BELMORE having been for eight years Machinist in the Queen's Theatre, London . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser [NSW] (28 November 1839), 3 

AT THE Royal Victoria Theatre On Thursday, Nov. 28, 1839, FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. BELMORE, MECHANIST, and positively the last night of the season . . .
Mr. B., by great study and exertion, is enabled to produce an entire new
PANTOMIME, Written by himself, expressly for this occasion,
with new scenery, tricks, and local incidents of Sydney and New Zealand,
comprising the Whaling Stations, the Fishery and Shipping, with Boats Harpooning Whales.
The whole of the scenes and business of this piece has been selected from a thorough knowledge of New Zealand and the natives, together with Drawings taken on the spot.
The plot of the piece is the fate of two Headsmen, the one a native of Sydney, and the other a native of New Zealand, and entitled the
FAIRY WHALE, OR Harlequin Headsman . . .
A NATIVE DANCE, by two New Zealanders, or, Automaton Prodigies -
also A DANCE, by a Native of New South Wales on automatical principles . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (23 December 1831), 1 

Royal Victoria Theatre. FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. BELMORE, (Mechanist) . . .
After which, A GRAND ORRERY . . .
Mr. Belmore having lately received from England per Canton, complete machinery for a Grand Orrery, on a most extensive scale . . .
The Solar System, shewing the revolution of all the planets, with their satellites round the Sun.
The Annual Motion of the Earth round the Sun, shewing the parallelism of its axis producing the Seasons; also, the signs of the Zodiac . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 

The Public is most respectfully informed, that every arrangement connected with this establishment being completed,
the Proprietors have the honour to announce their OPENING NIGHT for SATURDAY, the 20th May.
Alter the National Anthem, which will be sung by the whole of the Corps Dramatique . . .
The Orchestral Selections for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include
Haydn's Symphony, No 2, Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia; and Brilliant Arrangements of Strauss' Valses.
The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers: -
Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior;
Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews . . .
Leader of the Band, Mr. Wallace. Conductor, Mr. Leggatt.
The Mechanical Department under the direction of Mr. Belmore . . .
Managing Director, Mr. J. SIMMONS.
Stage Manager, Mr. KNOWLES.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Simmons (actor, manager); Spencer Wellington Wallace (leader, violin); Thomas Leggatt (conductor, oboe, clarinet); Humphrey Walton (musician); Spencer Wallace (senior) (musician); Benjamin Portbury (musician); Robert Adam (musician); Mr. Wright (musician); Joseph Gautrot (violin); George Strong (violin); Mr. Andrews (musician); Conrad Knowles (actor, stage manager); Royal City Theatre (Sydney venue); on Simmons' and Belmore's partnership, see [Editorial] "SIMMONS AND HIS IMPUDENCE", Empire (22 August 1851), 2 

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1843), 2 

Joseph Simmons and James Belmore, co-partners in trade, Market-street, Sydney: £879 1s.: assets - landed property, £300; personal property, £300; balance deficiency, £279 1s.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1843), 3 

THE LATE MR. BELMORE. THE Friends of the deceased and much regretted Mr. Belmore, are informed, that his Funeral will take place THIS DAY, (Thursday), October 5, from his Residence, in Clarence-street, at 4 o'clock.

"THEATRICAL CHIT-CHAT", The Sydney Record (14 October 1843), 12 

. . . It is rumoured that the City will be re-opened shortly, on the only plan which, can prove successful - that is through the means of some capitalist willing to bear the regular outlay attendant upon a Theatre. There is much available talent scattered, through the provinces, which if concentrated for this purpose, would make it successful. It is said that the death of Mr. Belmore, the late acting manager, has deferred for a time the prosecution of the scheme: this gentleman died suddenly on the 3rd inst., and was buried on the following day [sic] . . .

"THEATRICAL CHIT-CHAT", The Sydney Record (21 October 1843), 20 

. . . A performance for the benefit of Mrs. Belmore, widow of the late manager of the City, is on the tapis, and is expected to come off at no distant date . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: His widow, Sarah Belmore, who in 1846 married John Walker, advertised as a lodging house keeper in November, [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1843), 3 

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (28 February 1845), 233 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION.
In the goods and chattels of James Belmore, late of Clarence-street, in the City of Sydney, mechanist, deceased.
TAKE notice, that Sarah Belmore, the widow of the above-named James Belmore, deceased, intends . . . to apply . . . that administration of the goods and chattels of the above-named James Belmore, deceased, may be granted to her.
Dated at Sydney, this 25th day February, 1845.
JOSHUA FREY JOSEPHSON, Proctor for the said Sarah Belmore, 265 Elizabeth-street North.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joshua Frey Josephson (lawyer)

BENEDICT, Harry Rowland (Henry Rowland BENEDICT; Harry Rowland BENEDICT)

Actor, comedian, vocalist, baker, clerk, reporter, "detective" (1868), ? nephew of Julius BENEDICT

Born Surrey, England, c. 1827; son of William BENEDICT and Ester LEE
Arrived VIC, by 1855
Married (1) Bloomah Goodman BARNETT, Christ Church, Geelong, VIC, 15 January 1855
Married (2) Mary Magdalene MORIARTY (d. 1861), St. David's, Hobart, TAS, 22 September 1855
Married (3) Elizabeth DAVISON, Launceston, TAS, 16 November 1861
Died Richmond, VIC, 28 October 1882, aged "55" (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


1855, marriages solemnized in the District of Geelong; BDM Victoria

No. 354 / January 15th 1855 Christ Church Geelong /
Harry Rowland Benedict / Bachelor / 27 / [born] Christ Church Surrey England / Comedian / 27 / [of] Geelong / [son of] William Benedict / Musician [and] Ester Lee
Bloomah Goodman Barnett / Spinster / [born] London [England] / Actress / 21 / [of] Geelong / [daughter of] Abraham Goodman Barnett / Tailor [and] Sarah Isaacs . . .
In the presence of - William Henry Barnett . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 January 1855), 5 

MR. H. ROWLAND BENEDICT will take the chair at Eight o'clock precisely, at the SIR CHARLES HOTHAM HOTEL, Bellarine-street.
And hopes to meet his friends and the lovers of harmony there in the course of the evening he will repeat his much admired imitations of Eminent Actors, Give Dramatic readings, and sing some popular songs.

ASSOCIATIONS: Free and easy (type of event)

"THE CROWN ASSEMBLY ROOMS, ASHBY", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (31 January 1855), 2 

This evening, Mr. & Mrs. H. Rowland Benedict, late of the Bowery Theatre New York, and the Canadian theatres, will give a concert and dramatic readings in the above-mentioned rooms. From the programme, and our own knowledge of the principal performers, we have every reason to anticipate an excellent evening's amusement. The following professional gentlemen have, in the handsomest manner, kindly volunteered their services: - Messrs. James Hannon, Charles Wilson, McAlpine, and Swift, the well known pianist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Swift (pianist)

"THE CROWN ASSEMBLY ROOMS, ASHBY", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (2 February 1855), 2 

On Wednesday evening last, Mr. and Mrs. H. Rowland Benedict, of the Bowery Theatre, New York, and the Canadian theatres, appeared for the first time in the above rooms, and gave a concert, and dramatic readings from Shakepeare's tragedies of Othello and Richard the Third, Sheridan Knowles' beautiful play of the Hunchback, and John Howard Payne's comedy of Charles the Second. Mr. Benedict delighted the audience with various songs, and in the scenes from the above-mentioned plays evinced considerable theatrical talent. The character of Othello was portrayed by Mrs. Rowland Benedict, in a style that reflected much credit upon her study of the part. This lady possesses the qualifications necessary to make a good actress. Mr. Rowland Benedict's imitations of certain well known London actors were deservedly applauded; and, in addition to what was announced in the programme, gave a representation of the style of Mr. Clarance Holt, in a manner that showed that he is possessed of considerable powers of imitation. The audience were very well pleased with the entertainment, and we trust this is not the last time that Mr. and Mrs. Benedict will appear before a Geelong audience.

ASSOCIATIONS: Clarance Holt (actor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1855), 2 

The public are most respectfully informed that this favourite place of amusement will Open for the Dramatic Season on
THURSDAY EVENING, April 12th, 1855. The most talented company ever congregated within the walls of a colonial theatre have been selected from the best theatres in the colonies, from America, and from England . . .
Among the most prominent members of the company will be found . . . Mr. Benedict, from the Geelong Theatre . . . Mrs. Benedict, from the Geelong Theatre . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Torning (lessee); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

1855, marriages solemnized in the District of Hobart Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:850871; RGD37/1/14 no 188 (DIGITISED)

No. 369 / 188 / 22 Sept. 1855 Cathedral Church of St. David Hobart Town / Harry Rowland Benedict / 28 / Gentleman / . . .
Mary Magdalene Moriarty / 21 / Spinster . . .

"MARRIED", The Tasmanian Daily News [Hobart Town, TAS] (24 September 1855), 3 

On the 22nd instant, by special license, at St. David's Church, by the Venerable Archdeacon Davies, Mr. H. R. Benedict (son of W. Benedict, Esq., of Chester-terrace, Regent's Park, London,) of Collins-street, to Miss Mary Magdalene Moriarty, daughter-in-law of Mr. James Dore, of Brighton, Van Diemen's Land.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", Colonial Times (5 July 1856), 3 

Harry Rowland Benedict, of Hobart Town, in Van Diemen's Land, baker. Insolvent in person. Mr. Tonkin, assignee. Debts, £174 4s. Assets, £55. Cause - Depression in trade, losses therein, and being sued by one of his creditors. First meeting, 23rd July, 1856.

1861, marriages in the District of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:863753; RGD37/1/20 no 612 (DIGITISED)

No. 127 / 612 / Residence of Mr. W'm Arthur Maitland St. Launceston 16th November 1861 /
Harry Rowland Benedict / 34 / Reporter / Elizabeth Davison / 30 / Spinster . . .

"Deaths", Leader (4 November 1882), 39 

BENEDICT. - On the 28th October, after a long and painful illness, Harry Rowland, dearly beloved husband of Elizabeth Benedict, and nephew of Sir Jules Benedict, of Richmond, aged 55.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Benedict (composer); see also Julius Benedict (Wikipedia)


Pianoforte maker, carpenter

Born England, c. 1784
Married Jane BROOKS, St. George, Hanover Square, London, 5 March 1815
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 October 1833 (per Indianna, from London, 20 March, via Hobart Town, 7 October, aged "42")
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 October 1845, aged "61/62" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENHAM, Charles (Charles Edward BENHAM)

? Pianoforte maker, carpenter, builder, publican, theatrical mechanist

Born London, England, c. 1816
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 October 1833 (per Indianna, from London, 20 March, via Hobart Town, 7 October, aged "18")
Married Elizabeth BAKER, St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 11 February 1841
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 December 1849, aged "33" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENHAM, Henry (Henry BENHAM)

Pianoforte maker

Born London, England, c. 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 October 1833 (per Indianna, from London, 20 March, via Hobart Town, 7 October, aged "16/18") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENHAM, Daniel (Daniel BENHAM)

Pianoforte maker, repairer and tuner

Born London, England, c. 1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 October 1833 (per Indianna, from London, 20 March, via Hobart Town, 7 October, aged "12")
Departed Sydney, NSW, 21 April 1849 (per Spencer, for San Francisco)
Died Liverpool, NSW, 4 July 1897, aged "77" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Marriages, St. George Hanover Square, 1815; register 1812-17; City of Westminster Archives (PAYWALL)

155 / John Benham and Jane Brooks both of this Parish were married in this Church by Banns this [5 March 1815] . . .

Report of ship Indiana, from London via Hobart Town, arrived at Port Jackson, 15 October 1833; State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

. . . John Benham / 42 / Cabinet Maker // Jane Benham his wife / 40 //
Henry Benham / 18 [? 16] // Charles Benham / 18 // Daniel Benham / 12 // Jane Benham / 15 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Benham (d. Sydney, NSW, 18 December 1849);

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (17 October 1833), 2

[14 October ] . . . From London & Hobart Town, same day, having sailed from the former port the 20th of March, and the latter the 7th instant, the ship Indianna, 399 tons, Captain Webster, with a cargo of merchandize. Passengers . . . Mr. John Benham, cabinet-maker, Mrs. Benham, Jane, Charles, Henry, and Daniel Benham . . .

"SUPREME COURT. MONDAY, JULY 6th . . . Stephens v. Lyons", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 July 1835), 3

This was an action on the case to recover compensation in damages from the defendant [Samuel Lyons], who is an auctioneer in Sydney, for having, through his neglect and want of prudence, permitted certain property entrusted to him for public sale, by the plaintiff [John Stephen], to be sold at a rate alleged to be considerably under its fair value . . .

The first witness called was Mr. Francis Stephen . . . I recollect a pianoforte and should think, in this Colony, that it was worth about £60 ; I would have given 50 guineas for it; it was one of the articles. I did not like to put a value on as it might go above my means . . .

. . . Mr. Sydney Stephen examined - Knowing my brother had a number of valuable things, I went to bid for some . . . I remember the piano; it was left in my house when my brother went to England; my children were not allowed to touch it, and seldom went into the room in which it was; my eldest daughter is now ten years old, she had not began to play then, but has done so since, and I bought a piano for her; this was two years ago . . . I know the piano since 1819; it was then nearly new . . .

. . . John Benham examined: I am a piano-forte maker, and have repaired the piano two or three months ago; it was a very good one, worth £68; an old instrument that stands the climate is as valuable as a new one, because a new one cannot be depended on.
Cross-examined - I have had some pianos for sale; Mr. Minton sold one for me, and I sold one my self, for which I got £60 easily; I expected £85; this one (Mr. Stephen's) is as good as new . . .

. . . Mr. Ellard - I have been called by both parties to see this piano; it is worth £35 ; I have tuned it for the last two years, and I never staled it to be worth £80 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Ellard (pianoforte tuner and seller); see also "SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Herald (13 July 1835), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 October 1835), 3 

A new candidate in the musical instrument manufactory line, has just started in the person of Mr. Benham, of Goulburn-street, who has just completed two upright cottage pianofortes, the whole composed of wood the growth of the colony. This is the first attempt of the kind, and it tends to prove that we are making hasty strides to "Advance Australia."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 December 1835), 3

MR. JOHN BENHAM begs to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of the Colony,
that he has just commenced Business as a Piano Forte Maker and Repairer, at his Premises, No. 5, Liverpool-street, East, where he has on hand an assortment of Cottage Cabinet, &c. Piano Fortes, of Australian Materials and Manufacture ready for inspection, which he can satisfactorily recommend to those who may be disposed to encourage Colonial Workmanship.
9th December, 1835

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 April 1837), 4 

RETURN of Male Convicts assigned from the 22nd of February, to the 4th of April, 1837:
. . . Benham John, Liverpool [street], 1 piano forte maker . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Two convicts were assigned to Benham in 1837: Robert Pulsford; and John Dunbar (alias McDowell), who, however, did not arrive until 12 July 1837 on the Heber from Dublin, and is probably the "general servant" assigned to him in August, see [Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (27 September 1837), 688 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 June 1837), 3 

Notice of Removal. JOHN BENHAM, Pianoforte Manufacturer,
respectfully begs leave to inform his Friends and the Public in general, who have been so kind as to honor him with their Orders during the last two years, that he has removed from his late Residence, Liverpool-street, East, to No. [-] York place, near the South Entrance of Barrack Square.
York street, 27th June, 1837.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1837), 3 

On Sunday morning a serious accident occurred to Mr. Henry Benham, Pianofortemaker, of York place, York-street, as he was sprinkling some gunpowder from his flask for the purpose of kindling a fire, the contents of the flask exploded in his hand. Mr. B. is lying in a dangerous state.

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (24 March 1838), 1 

Royal Victoria Theatre, PITT-STREET.
THE- Public is most respectfully informed that this Theatre being ready for the reception of the Public,
the Season will commence on MONDAY EVENING NEXT . . . March 26, 1838 . . .
MECHANISTS - Messrs. BENHAM & BUNCE, to whom will he added, and already on his way from Hobart Town, Mr. BELMOUR, Machinist of the Theatre Royal Drury Lane . . .
J. WYATT, Proprietor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Wyatt (proprietor); James Belmore (machinist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (23 April 1838), 1 

TO BE SOLD - A BARGAIN. A SPLENDID Toned Cabinet Pianoforte.
Can be seen at Mr. Benham's Pianoforte Manufactory, York-street, near the Barrack-gate.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (11 May 1841), 3 

Pianofortes. MR. SAMUEL LYONS will sell by public auction, at his Mart, George-street and Charlotte-place,
on MONDAY next, the 17th instant, at Eleven o'clock precisely.
A First-rate six and a half Octave PIANOFORTE, by Owen Stoddart and Co., the property of a Lady having no further use for it.
One Cabinet ditto, by J. Benham, Sydney.
Terms at Sale.

? "LAW INTELLIGENCE. INSOLVENT COURT, FRIDAY", The Sydney Herald (20 September 1841), 2 

Henry Benham, a young man respectably connected, applied for his discharge, but was opposed by Henry Panton, to whom he was indebted £3 for board and lodging, on the ground that since the debt had been contracted he had had ample opportunities of paying the money, but had failed to do so; he also opposed him because he was a drunkard, and had squandered his means by living with a female for a considerable time in Druitt-street, in a very disreputable manner. His Honor having examined the insolvent on oath as to his alleged habits of intemperance, and cautioned him as to the consequences of his denying on oath that he ever had been drunk in his life, afterwards caused the opposing creditor to be sworn as to the truth of his statement respecting the insolvent being a drunkard, when he proved that Benham was habitually intemperate, and by his conduct had brought disgrace on himself, and been the cause of much grief to his parents. The witness also deposed that it was principally owing to the intemperate habits of the insolvent, that he had been unemployed for so long a period as three months since the debt had been contracted.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 January 1842), 3 

J. BENHAM, PIANOFORTE MAKER, York-street, near the Barrack Square,
respectfully acquaints his friends and the public, that he has received a large supply of the best London-made materials, which enables him to sell at the London manufactured price.
N.B. - Should any of the pianofortes purchased of J. Benham not give satisfaction within six months, they will be exchanged.
Repairing, regulating, and tuning. Pianofortes lent on hire.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", Port Phillip Gazette [Melbourne, NSW (VIC)] (9 November 1842), 2 

The pavillion was crowded on Monday night to witness the first representation of the grand melo-dramatic spectacle entitled the Ice Witch, or the Fairy of the Sun, for the benefit of Mr. Buckingham, the stage manager, who has by the production of this piece completely outstripped his former efforts . . . The machinery by Messrs. Capper and Benham surpassed anything of the kind ever yet attempted in the Colonies . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Buckingham (actor, manager); Richard Capper (actor, machinist); Pavilion Theatre (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1843), 3 

MUSIC - CHEAP. MR. STUBBS will sell by public auction,
at the Mart, King-street, on WEDNESDAY, the 19th instant,
One grand cabinet pianoforte, by Braidwood [sic Broadwood]
One square ditto, by Stoddart and Son
One ditto ditto, by Clementi and Company
One ditto ditto, by ditto
One small ditto, by ditto
All good sweet-toned instruments, and particularly adapted to seminaries for young ladies.
Terms cash.

MR. STUBBS will sell by Auction, at the Mart, King-street, on WEDNESDAY, 19th instant,
at eleven o'clock, without reserve, The above splendid instrument.
Terms, Cash.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (auctioneer, musical amateur)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1844), 3 

MR. STUBBS will sell by auction, at his Mart, King-street, THIS DAY, the 13th instant, at eleven o'clock precisely,
One Grand Pianoforte, with additional keys, by "Broadwood and Johnson"
One very superior Rose-wood Cabinet ditto ditto ditto
One ditto ditto ditto "Benham."
[Manicule] Mr. Stubbs has much pleasure in being able to offer the above to those who have recently honoured him by enquiring for good pianos;
he would recommend them to families generally as instruments worth their attention.
Terms, cash.

"THE LATE FIRE AT THE VICTORIA THEATRE.", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1844), 2 

James Bunce, carpenter and joiner, a freed man who had returned to the colony, having been in custody eleven days on suspicion of arson by setting fire to the Victoria Theatre, was yesterday committed for trial. During previous examinations it was given in evidence by Mrs. Wyatt, that a few minutes before the alarm of fire had been given the prisoner was in the tap room of the Victoria Hotel, and spoke to her about the theatre, telling her several times that her husband would repent employing Benham instead of him, Bunce . . .
Mr. Wyatt, the proprietor of the Theatre, deposed yesterday that he had not been insured since April last; that for the last five years the prisoner has not been engaged as a permanent hand on the establishment, but had been employed jobbing about the premises within that period; that on the Saturday preceding the fire witness paid prisoner 11s for some work he had been doing about the premises, when prisoner asked him to employ him, instead of Benham as it would be more to his profit, as he (Bunce) would do the work for 30s., whereas Benham was getting £20 for doing it. On his refusing to employ him on any terms, as he and Benham could not agree, the former told him he was doing wrong for himself, and he would find that out some day . . . The prisoner endeavoured, by his cross-examination of the witnesses to show that there was ill-will between him and Benham, also between him and Simes . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Simes (actor, manager)

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1845), 3

On Friday, the 17th instant, at his residence, York-place, York-street, Mr. John Benham, pianoforte-maker, aged sixty-one, deeply regretted by all who knew him.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1845), 1

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. THE Widow and Son of the late Mr. John Benham, Pianoforte-maker,
in thanking their friends and the public for past favours, beg respectfully to acquaint them they have removed from their late residence in York-street, to the house in Bridge-street, lately occupied by Mr. Barlow, where the business will for the future be carried on.
Pianofortes carefully tuned and repaired.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward David Barlow (printer)

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1849), 2

April 21. - Spencer, brig, 222 tons, Captain Bell, for San Francisco. Passengers . . . Mr. H. Tibbey . . . Mr. D. Benham . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1849), 1

MR. DANIEL BENHAM, Pianoforte Maker, late of Bridge-street, being about to leave Sydney,
begs to return his sincere thanks to those ladies and gentlemen to whom he is indebted for support during his stay in the colony, and to inform them that he has made an arrangement with Mr. W. J. Johnson to take the above business.
Orders addressed to Mr. W. J. JOHNSON, 86, Castlereagh-street South, will be punctually attended to.
D. BENHAM. Witness - J. H. BENHAM.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Jonathan Johnson (musician, musicseller)

"SUDDEN DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1849), 2 

On Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Charles Edward Benham, of the Lord Nelson Hotel, Hunter-street, was at the Court of Requests room, for the purpose of recording his vote in the election of a member for the city; having done so, he waited there for a short time, suddenly fell down, and in three minutes expired. An inquest was yesterday held on the body, when Dr. Alleyne deposed, that having made a post mortem examination of the body, death was caused by serous apoplexy; in accordance with which evidence the Jury found their verdict.

"LATEST PRIVATE INTELLIGENCE FROM CALIFORNIA", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (2 March 1850), 2 

By letters and passengers arrived here by the Spec from San Francisco, we learn that the setting in of the winter rains had, as anticipated, taken thousands of the new arrivals by surprise, and the consternation occasioned by finding themselves without a roof or shelter from the piercing cold, was perfectly indescribable . . . Mr. H. Tibbey, who had been working on the river, had suffered severely from sickness, but was recovering, although much emaciated, and was procuring a living by following after some musical avocation; his brother Charles had got into the employment of the Customs' department at 25 dollars. D. Benham had been at the mines, and was successful, but gave a very poor account of what he had experienced; he was intending, however, to try them once more before returning to Sydney. He had suffered from sickness and was greatly altered . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles James Tibbey (musical amateur)

[Advertisement, The Sydney Morning Herald (9 November 1852), 1 

IF this advertisement should catch the eye of Mr. Daniel Benham, who left this colony in the brig Spencer for California in March, 1848 [recte April 1849], and is supposed to be at present residing in Port Phillip, he is earnestly requested to communicate to his mother.
Any Intelligence forwarded to the undersigned of the above-named Gentleman from friends in Melbourne will be considered a great favour,
RICHARD UNDERWOOD, No. 2, Temore-terrace, Forbes-street, Woolloomoloo [sic].

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1854), 1 

SQUARE PlANOFORTES to be LET on hire. Apply to Mr. BENHAM, 107, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1855), 1 

TO BE LET ON HIRE, a Cottage and Square Pianoforte. Apply to Mrs. BENHAM, 107, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1855), 6 

PIANOFORTES for Hire - Mrs. BENHAM, 170, Castlereagh-street South.

Admissions and discharges, Liverpool Asylum for the Infirm and Destitute, 1890s; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Benham Daniel / [age] 70 / [born] NSW [sic] / [Admitted] 27/1/'91 / Pianoforte Maker

Admissions and discharges, Liverpool Asylum for the Infirm and Destitute, 1890s; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Benham Daniel / [age] 75 [Admitted] To Hospital 2/8/'94 / Influenza / [Discharged] 14/7/'97 / [aged] 77 / Died

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (5 May 1912), 11 

[Bridge-street, Sydney] . . . In the mid-forties, there was a pianoforte maker at No. 9 named Daniel Benham. I am wondering if he were related to the brothers Benham, who were in the chorus of Lyster's Opera Company, though I believe the family was Benjamin . . .

Extant instruments:

Pianoforte, J. Benham, Sydney, MAAS

Upright pianoforte by John Benham, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, c. 1835; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney

Includes photographs and description of the instrument and biographical note on Benham by Michael Lee (May 2009, updated July 2013)

Bibliography and resources:

John Benham, Find a grave 

BENHAM, Henry (Henry BENJAMIN; alias Henry BENHAM; Harry BENHAM; Mr. H. BENHAM: Mr. BENHAM)

Musician, bass vocalist ("The Celebrated Basso, from the Queen's Concerts, London")

Born c. 1814; son of Moses BENJAMIN and Rose MARKS
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by October 1854
Died Melbourne, VIC, September 1904, aged "90" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: ? Henry Benjamin (musician, music teacher, composer)


Musician, tenor vocalist

Born Whitechapel, London, England, c. 1823; son of Moses BENJAMIN and Rose MARKS
Married Blomer WEILLER, England, by c. 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 8 January 1853 (per Brightman, from London 13/14 September 1852)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1879, aged "56" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENHAM, Harry (Moses BENJAMIN; alias Moses Benjamin BARRINGTON; alias Harry BENHAM; Henry BENHAM)

Musician, vocalist, actor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1856; son of Lewis BENJAMIN and Blomer WEILLER
Died Paddington, NSW, 17 June 1912


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Botolph Aldgate, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1524/53/38 (PAYWALL)

Petticoat Lane No. 11 / Lazarus Benjamin / Head / 27 / Fishmonger Employing one man / [born] Whitechapel
Blumer [Benjamin] / Wife / 20 / - / [born] [Whitechapel]

? England census, 30 March 1851, St. Botolph Aldgate, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1524/71/24 (PAYWALL)

No 17 Duke St. / Moses Benjamin / Head / Widower / 65 / Fishmonger / [born] -
Henry [Benjamin] / Son / Unmarried / 30 / [Fishmonger] / [born] -
Benjamin / Son / 22 // Caroline Mendoza / Daur. / Mar. / 29 // Daniel Mendoza / Son in law / 28 . . .

Names and descriptions of passengers per Brightman, from London, 13 September 1852, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Benjamin Lewis / 27 // Blumy / 21 // Infant . . .

"CONCERT", The Argus (13 October 1854), 5 

Mr. H. Benham gave a concert last evening, at the Mechanics' Institution. The attendance was good, and the various pieces of music performed appeared to give general satisfaction.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

"EXHIBITION CONCERT", The Age (6 November 1854), 5 

Handel's oratorio, the Messiah, was performed by the Philharmonic Society, on Friday evening, in the Exhibition Building to a numerous, and highly respectable audience . . . "Why do the nations," was sung by Mr. Benham, who appears to us to possess an extraordinary voice, of excellent quality, and almost unlimited power; and although he acquitted himself creditably in the above song, which was well selected, we hope to hear him again, with less nervousness, and we can answer for more effect . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Melbourne Philharmonic Society (association); Exhibition Building (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Age (25 November 1854), 1 

ASTLEY'S AMPHITHEATRE, Spring Street. Sole Lessee, Mr. George Lewis.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1853. Grand Musical Entertainment, comprising all the available vocal and instrumental talent to be had in Melbourne.
Second Appearance of MISS STEWART,
First Appearance of MR. H. BENHAM, The Celebrated Basso, from the Queen's Concerts, London.
Programme - Part I . . . 5. Song, "The Wolf," Mr. H. Benham (His first appearance.) . . .
Part II . . . 17. Song, "When I view those Scenes so Charming," Mr. H. Benham . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Stewart (vocalist); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalist); Kate Warde (vocalist); Daniel Golding (vocalist); George Lewis (proprietor); Astley's Amphitheatre (Melbourne venue)

MUSIC: The wolf (Shield); When I see those scenes so charming (Bellini, from La sonnambula)

"ASTLEY'S AMPHITHEATRE", The Age (12 December 1854), 5 

We paid a passing visit to this popular place of amusement on Saturday evening and found a "beggarly account of empty boxes" in every division of the house. The truth is that last Saturday night was one of those unfortunate occasions in which failure was anticipated, and most decidedly accomplished. The whole performances were made up of songs, without any new features; the stars had all withdrawn for the night, and the public knew it, and staid away. We would suggest to Mr. Lewis the propriety of closing the theatre altogether rather than suffer the damage to the reputation of his house by providing only for a disappointment. The performances were of the average order, so far as they went . . . A Mr. Benham sung some takes-off of new chums in a comic style, but, unfortunately for him, he succeeded to the boards which Barlow has only just left, and before his fame has died out. Another gentleman, who sung lusty bass, competed the role of performers for the night.

ASSOCIATIONS: It seems that the reviewer confused Golding, the comic singer, whom he compared with Robert Barlow (vocalist), with Benham, the lusty bass

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1854), 3 

CREMORNE GARDENS - Great Gala and Nocturnal Fete. - To-night. Entire change of Entertainments.
Engagement of the celebrated Herr Veit Rahm, the Tyrolese singer and performer on the new Instrument, the Zither, in his national costume, as performed before Her Majesty.
Mr. J. O. Pierce, the renowned soloist on the Concertina and Flutina, will also have the honor or appearing.
Mr. James Shaw, the admired Comic Vocalist, from the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, will appear every evening,
together with Mr. Benham, the popular Vocalist.
Grand Bal d'Ete, on the Monster Platform. Brilliant Illuminations, &c. Admission - One Shilling.
Various novelties are in preparation for the Christmas holidays.

ASSOCIATIONS: Veit Rahm (vocalist, musician); John Ottis Pierce (musician); James Shaw (vocalist); Cremorne Gardens (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1856), 8 

TO-NIGHT. EUROPEAN MUSIC HALL, FitzRoy-street, Collingwood.
Open Every Evening. Admission Free. JAMES ELLIS, Proprietor. Manager, Mr. G. WILLIAMSON.
Mr. ELLIS begs to announce to the public of Collingwood that he has determined upon opening his Splendid Concert Room,
THE EUROPEAN MUSIC HALL, in the style of the best musical establishments in London and the principal provincial towns.
In order to maintain his leading position as the original "Caterer for the Million" and Promoter of Cheap and Popular Entertainments in this Colony, J. Ellis has resolved to make NO CHARGE FOR ADMISSION.
At the same time he has secured the services of an Excellent Company, including the justly-celebrated Eccentric Comedians and Characteristic Comic Vocalists, just arrived here,
Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAMSON, late of the Royal Surrey Theatre, London, Surrey Music Hall, Holder's of Birmingham, Colosseum, Liverpool, Jude's of Dublin, D. Brown's Philharmonic and Teller's White Bait Hotel, Glasgow, Ramsgate and Margate Gardens; Vauxhall Gardens, and Cremorne Gardens, London &c. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. Williamson will have the honor of making their first appearance in Australia THIS EVENING,
With their Varied Budget of Patriotic, Punning, Descriptive and Characteristic Scotch, and Irish Comic Songs, Sketches, and Duetts.
The Company will comprise the following Artistes: Vocalists - Mrs. G. Williamson, Miss Ward, Mr. Levison, Mr. Benham, Mr. Barton, Mr. Benjamin, and Mr. G. Williamson.
Concertina - Mr. J. Williams.
Pianist - Herr Mouritz.
Doors open at seven o'clock, Entertainment commences at half-past seven. ADMISSION FREE.
JAMES ELLIS, Proprietor.

ASSOCIATIONS: George and Caroline Williamson (vocalists); Emma Ward (vocalist); John Leveson (vocalist); Herr Moritz (pianist); James Ellis (proprietor); European Hotel (Collingwood venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1856), 8 

AT the European To-Night the following Talent will appear: - Mrs. Williamson, Miss Ward, Mr. Leveson, Mr. Field, Mr. Benham, Mr. Benjamin, Mr. Tallerman's Dissolving Views, and Mr. George Williamson, the best Comic Vocalist in Victoria.
Commence at eight o'clock. Admission, one shilling.

"Criterion Music Hall", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (19 September 1856), 5 

The fine new music hall at the Criterion Hotel, is to be opened on Saturday evening, when an array of talented artistes are to appear. The names of the eminent vocalists, Mrs. G. Williamson, Miss Saqui and Mr. Benham, are announced; also, Mr. G. Williamson, whose impersonations of character, and imitations of actors, rendered him celebrated in London.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Saqui (vocalist)

"The Criterion Concerts", Mount Alexander Mail (24 September 1856), 3 

The concerts given at the rooms of Messrs. Dorman and Dawes are proving highly successful. The songs of Mr. Williamson are really excellent; the comic talent he displays superior to what we usually witness, and in the "election song," and others of local interest, he is nightly encored. He must be heard to be appreciated. The fine rolling bass of Mr. Benham is particularly effective; and a very agreeable programme is made up by Mr. Williamson and Miss Squahi [sic]. The proprietors exert themselves to secure the comfort of the visitors, and the public are much indebted to them for the musical treat they provide for the entertainment of their patrons. Fresh talent, we understand, is shortly to be engaged, and these concerts will not fail to become even more attractive than they are at present.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (19 November 1856), 1 

THE Proprietors in respectfully thanking the Public for the unprecedented support accorded to the Concerts in their spacious and splendidly decorated Concert Hall, beg to announce that they have secured the services of the
INIMITABLE SMALL, whose Local Songs and Irish Comic Sketches are so generally admired.
Re-engagement of MR. G. WILLIAMSON, The Eminent Dramatic and Characteristic Comic and Scotch Vocalist whose Impersonations of Eccentric Comedy are hailed nightly with genuine applause.
MADAME D. BUTLER, the Artistic Soprano whose Operatic Gems & Pleasing Ballads have secured her the approbation of all musical critics.
MR. BENHAMS [sic], the colonial Lablache.
MRS. G. WILLIAMSON, the Chaste Actress, Serio-comic and Duet Singer, in her Varied Budget.
MR. DIXON, the Popular Tenor, from the Shamrock, Bendigo.
Pianist and Director - MR. J. MOSS, N.B.- Engagements are pending with a Series of First-class Artistes who will appear in rapid rotation.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joe Small (vocalist); Emily Davis (Madame Butler) (vocalist); Frederick Dixon (vocalist); Joseph Moss (pianist); Luigi Lablache (bass vocalist active in Europe)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (28 January 1857), 1 

THE proprietors have great pleasure in announcing that they have succeeded in engaging the admired Tenor and Descriptive Vocalist MR. POWER (Late Theatre Royal, Melbourne) . . .
MR. BENHAM, The powerful basso, in his masterly readings of H. Russell's scenas . . .
Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. J. Moss . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Pierce Power (vocalist); Henry Russell (vocalist and composer active in England and America)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (23 March 1857), 1 

. . . Mr. Benhams. Pianist and Musical Director - Mr. Moss . . .

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA . . . THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (13 April 1857), 5 

The Princess's Theatre, as the Amphitheatre - in Parliament place (late Spring street) has now been designated, is fast approaching to completion, and will decidedly be ready for use by Monday night, though the opera will not be opened till Thursday . . . The operatic corps includes Madame Anna Bishop, Madame Leon Naej, Madame Sara Flower, Mrs. Fiddes, Mons. Laglaise, Mr. Walter Sherwin, Mr. Norton, Mons. Del Sarte, Mr. Dickson, Mr. J. Pierce, Mons. Coulon, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Kitts, and Mr. Benham. The chorus will include no less than thirty well trained voices, and the band twenty-five performers, all carefully selected. Mr. Geo. Loder is to be conductor and musical director, and Mr. E. King, leader of the band. This will include the well known names of Mr. Chapman, (double bass); Mr. Johnson, (clarionet); and Mr. Usher, (violin). The whole has been under assiduous rehearsal for several days, and cannot fail in rendering the opera in a style surpassing any former attempt in Victoria . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Madame Leon Naej (vocalist); Sara Flower (vocalist); Harriet Cawse Fiddes (vocalist); Jean-Baptiste Laglaise (vocalist); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); Mr. Norton (vocalist); Camille del Sarte (vocalist); Mr. Dickson (vocalist); John Ottis Pierce (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); James Edward Kitts (vocalist); George Loder (conductor); Edward King (leader); Samuel Chapman (musician); Henry Johnson (musician); Alfred Usher (musician); Princess's Theatre (Melbourne venue), on site of former Astley's Amphitheatre

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1857), 8 

THE PRINCESS' THEATRE, and OPERA HOUSE . . . Lessee - Mr. Alex. Henderson.
Grand Opening and Inauguration . . . THURSDAY, 16 April, Under the management of Mr. John Black . . .
GRAND OPERA . . . Chorus - Mesdames, Andrews, Taisons, Melville, Collins, Ford, Stuart, Roberts, Gough, Wood, Robertson, Temple, Chambers.
Messrs. Mitchell, Norton, Friend, Biggs, Darsham [sic, Barsham], Leveson, Horton, Martin, Pearce, Dickson, Ounce, Kitts, Smith, Mitchell, Waterson, Morgan, Smith, Goodwyn, Benham, Colman, Predergast, Harvey . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Melton Black (manager)

"THE OPERA HOUSE", The Age (1 May 1857), 4 

Last evening, the Princess's Theatre was moderately well filled in all parts to witness the second production of Donizetti's grand dramatic opera, "Lucrezia Borgia" . . . Madame Bishop sustained her arduous part throughout the entire evening, with her accustomed energy and success . . . Nor must we neglect to compliment Messrs. Pearse, Dickson, Kitts, Barsham, Benham, and Prendergast on their success in the other solo parts. We believe they are quite new to the department, and yet they succeeded in gaining the unmistakeable approval of the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Albert George Barsham (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 May 1857), 8 

GRAND CONCERT This Evening at Emerald Hill.
Artistes. - Miss Lawler, Miss St. Clair, Mr. Benham, Mr. Power, Mr. Barsham, Mr. Mackie, Pianist. See small bills.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma St. Clair (vocalist); Robert Mackie (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1857), 8 

GRAND CONCERT THIS EVENING At the National Music Hall, Bourke-street east,
For the Benefit of Mr. HUTCHINSON, the Proprietor.
The following well-known Artistes will appear: -
Madame Annie Vitelli, Madame Leon Naej,
Mr. J. W. Cassidy . . . Mr. J. R. Vincent, Mr. J. Macdonald, Mr. Leveson, Mr. Power, Mr. Benham . . .
Conductor, Mr. Piper.
Admission, 1s. Reserved Seats, 2s. 6d.
Commence at Eight o'clock. See Programme.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Hutchinson (proprietor); Annie Vitelli (vocalist); James W. Cassidy (vocalist); John Rimmer Vincent (vocalist, pianist); Edward John Piper (pianist, conductor); National Hotel (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 February 1858), 8 

MR. H. BENHAM'S Select CONCERT and BALL, will be held at the Duke of Kent Assembly Rooms, La Trobe-street west, on Tuesday next, February 16th.

[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

Paying at all times the deference which is due to the opinions of such an important organ for the dissemination of truth as the Press . . .
The new operas produced by us at the Princess's Theatre have been acknowledged by all musical judges to be the best hitherto attempted in this young colony . . . Our Artistes are practised on the London and Parisian boards, our Musical Conductors have held the positions they now occupy in the Opera Houses in London; in the Orchestra we have musicians among the best obtainable, not only here, but in any part of the world; and yet by Mr. Neild, the reporter, an impression of our inefficiency has been created in the public mind, through the medium of the columns of the Argus and Examiner, which has been of serious injury to our undertaking . . .
Our position and professional efforts being thus at the mercy of a person, who hides ignorance under the mask of facetiousness, we call upon the public in future to give their own verdict on our merits, and not to place any credence in the statements made by Mr. Neild in the columns of the Argus and Examiner.
L. H. Lavenu, Linly Norman . . . Lewis Benham, Henry Benham . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Edward Neild (reviewer); Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Linly Norman (assistant conductor)

"CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (11 January 1859), 3 

Drizzling rain and muddy streets are not first-rate inducements to people to brave their influence and visit a playhouse, yet a fair audience was assembled at the Charlie Napier last evening to witness the last performance of this opera company, and show some sort of appreciation of Mr. John Gibbs's enterprise, though hardly so many were present as the occasion deserved . . . The first act of "Les Huguenots" went off pretty well . . . In the interval following, Mr. Benham, known to the audience as one of the chorus, sang that fine air from "Maritana," "Let me like a soldier fall," but did not achieve any particular success. The second act of "Lucrezia Borgia" which followed, was the best performance of the evening. Madame Carandini sang wonderfully well, as also did M. Laglaise and Herr Schluter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (vocalist); Adolph Schluter (vocalist); with Lavenu (above) as musical director; John Gibbs (proprietor); Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

[Advertisement], The Star (29 March 1859), 3 

A Vocal and Instrumental Entertainment Every Evening.
THE following Ladies and Gentlemen are engaged:

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (vocalist); Edgar Morris (vocalist); Charles Walsh (vocalist); John William Emery (proprietor)

"ITALIAN OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1860), 4 

Arrangements have at length been effected by Mr. Samuel Colville, the enterprising manager of the Prince of Wales Theatre, which are shortly to result in the production here, on a scale of unequalled attraction, of the grand Opera; to be continued for one month only, four nights per week, Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays - the Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays being set apart as subscription nights. With this in view engagements have been already concluded with the long expected artists, the Signora and Signor Bianchi, who arrived in this city from Victoria on Friday evening last . . . By telegraphic advices Mr. Colville is informed by his agent at Melbourne of the engagement of Miss Octavia Hamilton, of whom the Victorian Press has always spoken in the highest terms of praise. Herr Schluter, Messrs. Benham, Springhorn, and Benham, together with Mesdames Lacy and Rayment [Raymond], all left Melbourne by the City of Sydney, and are expected to arrive here to-morrow night. The majority of those thus engaged have been performing in conjunction with the Bianchi, and are familiar with operas promised; a circumstance which enables the manager to ensure an unusual variety in the operatic entertainment to be afforded in the above specified time. The liberality and enterprise which have been manifested by the manager in this undertaking will doubtless be rewarded by the substantial support of the musical world of Sydney and the public at large; the more so as Mr. Colville has taken upon himself the entire expense and risk of the opera without that guarantee which he looked for some time since.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Colville (venue manager); Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi (vocalists); Johann Sprinckhorn (vocalist); Miss C. Lacy (vocalist); Italian Opera Company (troupe); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire (22 May 1860), 1 

ITALIAN OPERA . . . SIGNOR and SIGNORA BIANCHI, Who have been engaged at most enormous expense, will be ably supported by

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Gottfried Nathanson (vocalist)

"ITALIAN OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1860), 4 

The cast for the first opera of Il Trovatore is announced, and, in every respect, is most powerful . . . The chorus comprises twenty-six voices, led by Herr Schluter and the Messrs. Benham and J. Howson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Howson (vocalist)

"COPY OF PROTEST", Empire (12 June 1860), 8 

Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, Tuesday Morning, May 22nd, 1860.
WE, the undersigned, professors of music, vocal and instrumental, and also the chorus engaged in the forthcoming Opera, season, deem it a bounden duty, taking into consideration an article appearing in this morning's Empire, to protest against the ability of Sig. CUTOLO, as a conductor of grand opera, at the same time believing him to be, without doubt, an excellent pianist; but from inexperience, unable to wield the baton as conductor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (conductor)

[Advertisement], Empire (15 June 1860), 1 

With a grand Emblematical Tableau, presenting in part the following artistes: . . .
Grossi, Benhams, Schluter, Springhorn, Nathanson, and the full Operatic Chorus.
THIS (Friday) EVENING, January 15 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"THE ITALIAN OPERA. LUCREZIA BORGIA", The South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1861), 3 

Donizetti's sublime opera entitled "Lucrezia Borgia," was represented at the Victoria Theatre on Saturday evening, when, we regret to say, their was but a poor attendance. The piece was well performed . . . With respect to the chorus, they were well drilled in the music of the opera, and the supernumerary parts of the piece, played by Messrs. Mitchell, Hardcastle, and Benham, were so far as singing was concerned creditably done. Those gentlemen, however, seemed rather too anxious to display histrionic ability, their action and gesture was most vociferous, and, we may say, occasionally very ridiculous. On future occasions when those gentlemen are entrusted with parts, a little modification in this particular will be advisable. The orchestra played most creditably, and . . . the fact speaks volumes for Mr. Norman's talents as a conductor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Bianchi company on tour; Linly Norman (conductor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The South Australian Advertiser (17 April 1861), 3 

The perceive by our advertising columns that the Brothers Benham will take a benefit at the Victoria Theatre this evening. These gentlemen may be said to have been the assistance and support of the chorus during the recent opera season, and we hope to see a full house on the occasion.

"THE OPERA", The South Australian Advertiser (18 April 1861), 2 

The Theatre was crowded on Wednesday evening, the performances being for the benefit of Messrs. Benham Brothers. These gentlemen have not only formed the backbone of the chorus during the operatic season in Adelaide, but almost from the introduction of opera as a public entertainment in Australia they have proved useful members of what has always been a desideratum - a numerous and effective chorus . . . and the performances concluded with selections from Maritana, Mr. L. Benham singing the tenor aria, "Let me like a soldier fall," in which he was encored . . .

"THE OPERA", South Australian Register (19 April 1861), 2 

The announcement that the performances at the opera on Thursday night would be under the patronage of the Stewards of the Races brought together a capital house. The boxes were not filled, but the pit and gallery were crowded. The entertainment commenced with the first act of "Ernani," which was played admirably by Signor and Signora Bianchi, Signor Grossi, and Mr. Gregg. A quet from "Linda di Chamounix" by Signor and Signora Bianchi followed, and was loudly applauded. This was succeeded by selections from the opera of "Maritana," by Miss Harland, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. L. Benham . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist)

"SHIPPING NEWS . . . CLEARED", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1861), 2 

Monday, April 22 . . . Same day Aldinga, steamer, 500 tons, McMeikan, master, for Melbourne. Passengers . . . in the cabin; . . . Benham, H. Benham . . . in the steerage.

Names and descriptions of passengers per Aldinga from Adelaide, 22 April 1861, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria 

. . . Mr. Benham / 40 // Mr. H. Benham / 35 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1861), 1 

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE, York-street . . .
Operatic Manager, Mr. Charles Walsh.
First night of Verdi's celebrated Opera, RIGOLETTO! . . .
Third week of the GRAND OPERA, under the direction Signor BIANCHI.
THIS (Monday) EVENING, November 25th, the performance will commence with the new and beautiful Opera composed by Verdi,
RIGOLETTO; or the Court Fool.
Rigoletto - Mr. F. Howson
Duca di Mantova - Signor Bianchi
Spara Fucile - Signor Grossi
Monterone (by favour, on this occasion), Mr. John Gregg
Borsa - Mr. Alpen
Marullo - Mr. Benham
Giovanna - Miss C. Howson
Gilda - Signora Bianchi
Maddalena - Miss E. Howson

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma and Clelia Howson (vocalists); Hugo Alpen (vocalist); Royal Lyceum Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (8 January 1862), 1 

On which occasion the complete Opera of IL TROVATORE . . . will be played positively for the last time . . .
Leader - Mr. EIGENSCHENCK; Conductor - Mr. F. A. HOWSON . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Eigenschenck (violin, leader); Frank Alfred Howson (conductor)

"THE BUCKLEY MINSTRELS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1862), 5 

Mr. Henry Benham, the basso-profundo of the above company, and lately one of the leading members of the chorus in the Bianchi opera company, takes a benefit at the Temperance Hall this evening. The programme is exceedingly attractive, and will no doubt secure a large audience. Mr. Benham is so well known as a pains-taking artist, and his connection with the late opera company having resulted in a very serious loss to himself, it is probable that on this occasion he will receive substantial acknowledgment of his merits.

ASSOCIATIONS: Buckley Minstrels (troupe)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1866), 12 

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE. Subscription Season for 1866 of TWENTY FOUR NIGHTS . . .
CHORUS . . . Altos: Mrs. Benham, Miss Benham . . . Second Basses: . . . Mr. Benham . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lyster Opera Company (troupe)

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1869), 8 

ELLIS'S LONDON MUSIC-HALL, Adjoining Tattersall's Hotel, Bourke street . . .
OPEN EVERY EVENING With the BEST COMPANY in Melbourne . . .
Mr. EDWIN AMERY, The eminent basso.
Mr. HARRY BENHAM, Basso profundo . . .
Manager, Mr. JAMES ELLIS. Admission, 1s.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edwin Amery (vocalist)

[News], The Australasian [Melbourne, VIC] (14 March 1885), 26 

On Monday next there will be a concert in the Town-hall for the benefit of Mr. Henry Benham, whose claims to public consideration are derived from his long connexion with the operatic stage of this city. Mr. Benham's familiar figure is associated with all the great operas that have ever been produced in Melbourne, and whether as priest, potentate, noble of high degree, warrior, bandit, picturesque peasant, conspirator, chief ruffian, aged parent, remorseless pirate, incorruptible gaoler, larcenous gipsy, ancient Druid, or medieval mendicant, he has always, like Saul of old, stood high above his fellows, and his big voice has triumphantly led the bassi profundi of the chorus. He had come, therefore, to be an institution of the lyric stage, and, as such, every musical person in this city ought to pay him the compliment of being present. That he is held in high esteem by the principals of the musical world is shown by the number who have kindly consented to appear on the occasion . . .

"MR. H. BENHAM'S CONCERT", The Argus (17 March 1885), 6 

A benefit concert was given in the Town hall last night, in favour of Mr. Henry Benham, who will be well remembered as having been connected with the chorus of all the best opera companies that have played here during the last 30 years, and it is due to Mr. Benham to acknowledge that during that long term he has always performed his duties punctually and with good effect. The audience last night was fully as numerous as could have been expected, and it must have been satisfactory to the beneficiare to see that his modest claims to public recognition were not overlooked. The musical entertainment was of a kind which does not give much scope for comment. It was chiefly remarkable for bringing once more before the public some well remembered and favourite singers who have not been much heard of late, and who acquitted themselves greatly to the satisfaction of the audience. Some natural disappointment was felt at the non-appearance of Mr. Armes Beaumont, for whom an apology was made in well chosen terms by Madame Simonsen. A medical certificate from Dr. Teague stated that Mr. Beaumont was suffering from severe cold. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Armes Beaumont (vocalist); Fanny Simonsen (vocalist)

"At Poverty Point", The bulletin (1 February 1890), 7 

The venerable Benham, now a checktaker at Melbourne Alexandra, was one of Lyster's old chorus. A grandly-drilled body it was. From it emanated Farley, Forde, Ida Osborne, Bessie Royal, Gordon, and other good soloists. Amid the time-honoured choristers were Johnson, Ingmire, Ewart, Levison, Bachrach, and a score of good men, well posted up in all the round of Italian and English Opera, able even to dive into such works as the "Prophete," "Africaine," "William Tell," and the other masterpieces. Benham and others got their grounding at the Royal Italian Opera, London. Bill Lyster used to say "My passion is grand opera."

[News], Punch [Melbourne, VIC] (8 September 1904), 26 

An old-time chorister, Mr. Harry "Benham" (Benjamin), died last week. For many, many years "old Harry" was the leader of the chorus with the late William Saurin Lyster, and he could boast that he never missed a night through sickness. His well-known burly figure was always in evidence, and it was said that he knew his part - the chorus - of almost every opera that was ever composed. The old man lived to be ninety years of age, and up almost to the last retained his faculties.

[News], Jewish Herald (9 September 1904), 9 

An old identity of the community passed away last week, at the advanced age of ninety, in the person of Mr. Henry Benham, who was well known in former years as a prominent chorister in all performances of Grand Opera in Melbourne. Mr. Benham's deep and resonant bass voice was frequently heard in the synagogue, unofficially accompanying the Chazan or the choir.

"OLD SYDNEY . . . NO. 236. BY 'OLD CHUM'", Truth [Sydney, NSW] (28 April 1912), 9 

. . . [Bridge-street, Sydney] . . . In the mid-forties, there was a pianoforte maker at No. 9 named Daniel Benham. I am wondering if be were related to the brothers Benham, who were in the chorus of Lyster's Opera Company, though I believe the family was Benjamin . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: "Old chum" = Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); Daniel Benham (pianoforte maker, below), not related to Henry and Lewis

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (21 June 1912), 8 

The first Australian to play the part of Pooh-Bah in Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "The Mikado," Mr. Moses Benjamin Barrington (well known in the theatrical world as Henry Benham), died in Sydney on Monday morning (says the "Daily Telegraph"). Mr. Barrington, who was 55 years of age was suddenly taken ill on Sunday afternoon while away from home. He had been associated with the stage for over a quarter of a century, but he retired from active work 15 or 16 years ago . . . Mr. Barrington had been identified with companies under the old theatrical firm of Williamson, Garner, and Musgrove, as well as with the Simonsen Opera, the Montague-Turner, the Emily Melville, the Nellie Stewart, and the Maggie Moore companies . . .


"At the weekly concerts in Melbourne there appeared two new singers the brothers Benham (tenor and bass). They were not heralded by any announcement setting forth their careers; yet they proved of great importance to us. George Coppin was beginning to make preparations for his opera season with Madame Bishop as star, and the Benhams had been Drury Lane chorus singers. They knew all the ropes and were the very men to help in the launching of this exceedingly difficult enterprise. For many years they led the tenor and bass sections in the chorus, and as Big Benham and Little Benham they became great favourites with the public."

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); Alfred Montague (musician, memoirist)

Bibliography and resources:

Lewis Benjamin, Find a grave 

Henry Benjamin, Find a grave 


Musician; professor of music; teacher of pianoforte, harmonium, and concertina; composer

Active Melbourne, VIC by April 1868 (shareable link to this entry)


ASSOCIATIONS: ? = Henry Benham Benjamin (vocalist)


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 April 1868), 8

MR. HENRY BENJAMIN, TEACHER of PIANOFORTE, Harmonium, and Concertina, 217 Bourke-street. Terms moderate. Evening lessons.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 August 1869), 8

And Sung by J. A. Herman, THE SILVERY TENOR,
ALL MUSIC SELLERS, And of Mr. Hy. Benjamin, professor of music, 103 Colilns-street east.

[News], The Argus (17 September 1869), 5

Mr. Henry Benjamin, encouraged by the manner in which his ballad "Wilt Thou be Mine," has been received at Weston's Opera House, has had the composition printed in the lithographic style for public circulation. The song is to be had at all the music sellers.

"POLICE . . . FITZROY", The Argus (4 February 1870), 6

Dr. Clement Adler appeared, on bail, to answer a charge of endeavouring to incite Henry Benjamin, a professor of music, to fight a duel. The prosecutor stated that he lodged in the same house with Dr. Adler. On the 23rd inst., after dinner, he was talking with Dr. Adler about the different fancies people had, and said he thought the doctor had a mania for learning languages. It was not meant offensively, and the defendant did not seem annoyed. On the Sunday after, he received a letter, signed "Adler," couched in very incoherent language, and stating that his honour had been injured, and demanding satisfaction; also, that a friend would call on him during the day. Mr. Benjamin admitted that he was not frightened, and that he was not well acquainted with Dr. Adler's writing. G. A. Goodman, employed as secretary to Dr. Adler, said that he did not think the writing was like Dr. Adler's, but that he had seen very little of his writing. The Bench considered that the authorship of the letter was not proved, and dismissed the case.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 December 1870), 8

A NEW SONG, "The Knight's Return," Words by C. Bright, Esq., J P., Music by Henry Benjamin,
Will be sung by Mr. T. RAINFORD, Accompanied by the composer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Rainford (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 January 1871), 8

THE KNIGHT'S RETURN (new song) composed by Henry Benjamin, words by Chas. Bright, sung by T. Rainford with great success. All musicsellers throughout colonies.

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1872), 8

Mr. HARRY RICKARDS In the new song of "Doing the Block" (written by Marcus Clarke, Esq., composed by Henry Benjamin, Esq.) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harry Rickards (vocalist); Marcus Clarke (author, songwriter); St. George's Hall (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 April 1872), 3 

PIANOFORTE and SINGING £3 8s. per quarter. Mr. Henry Benjamin, professor of music. 167 Collins street east

"MUSIC IN MELBOURNE. May 15", The North Eastern Ensign (17 May 1872), 2

The usual monthly meeting of the first constituted lodge of Freemasons in the colony of Victoria, Australia Felix, took place on the 13th inst., at the Freemasons Hall, Lonsdale-street . . . The acting W.M. was indebted to the services of a musical brother for his aid in seconding his efforts to give due solemnity to this beautiful ceremony. The appropriateness of the music called forth encomiums from all who had not previously heard it, and much regret was expressed by those present that the brother had to leave before the lodge was closed. The performer who presided at the harmonium on this occasion was not that great composer, Henry Benjamin, who, it appears, is the official harmonium-grinder to this lodge . . .

[News], The Argus (17 July 1872), 5

Mr. Harry Rickards was sued in the County Court yesterday by Mr. Henry Benjamin, professor of music, for £100, alleged damages for breach of contract, and money due for work and labour done. The plaintiffs case was that he had been engaged to give music lessons to the defendant and his wife, and it was agreed while he was so engaged that he should set to waltz music some of the airs which Mr. Rickards had sung in Melbourne, the music to be written by the plaintiff, and the profits to be divided between him and the defendant. When he had finished the waltz music Rickards approved of it, but afterwards said he would have nothing to do with it because plaintiff had put on it that it was arranged, and composed by Henry Benjamin, and he (defendant) thought it should have only been stated that it was arranged and compiled by Benjamin. He considered he had suffered great loss through the conduct of the defendant, because the airs which he composed the music from were very popular at the time, and it would have sold well. The music lessons he had given he charged £4 4s. for. He denied that when he played the waltz music to Rickards, the latter told him to take it home and boil it, and said he had made an application to join the Musical Association of Victoria, who had offered to accept him. For the defence, Mr. Rickards stated that one evening at Gorton's Hotel, the plaintiff said he would like to compose a waltz on his melodies, and it was agreed he should do so, the music to be published, if approved of by defendant, at the joint expense of the two. The waltz, which the plaintiff wrote was merely four of his (defendant's) melodies strung together, and as they were all in waltz time there was no composition needed. When plaintiff played the waltz to him he pulled him off the stool, told him he never heard such rubbish, and he had better take it home and boil it. Benjamin afterwards said he would publish the waltz, but defendant told him not to do so, as the songs it was compiled from were copyright. Benjamin had never given him music lessons, but he had given Mrs. Rickards some, and there was an amount owing to him, which would have been paid if an account had been rendered. Mr. Harcourt Lee, a member of the Victorian Musical Association, described the waltz as rubbish, which would not sell in Melbourne. He also said the association would not admit the plaintiff into it, and that plaintiff took one quarter's lessons from Herr Schott, and then set up as a professor of music. His Honour Judge Forbes returned a verdict for plaintiff for £4 4s with 10s. costs.

ASSOCIATIONS: Harcourt Lee (musician); Victorian Musical Association (organisation)

Musical works:

Wilt thou be mine (sung by J. A. Herman, the silvery tenor) (Melbourne: [? Author], [1869])

The knight's return (words by Chas. Bright; sung by T. Rainford) (Melbourne: [? Author], [1871/72])

Doing the block (music by Henry Benjamin; words by Marcus Clarke; sung by Harry Rickards) (Melbourne: Henry Benjamin, [1872]) 


Vocalist, delineator, songwriter

Active Adelaide, SA, 1860, and Perth, WA, 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: ? = The nondescript (vocalist, songwriter, 1859-60)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 February 1860), 1 

G. ALDRIDGE has pleasure in announcing that on Tuesday Evening he will give a Grand Promenade Vocal and Instrumental Concert at White's Rooms,
conducted upon the principle so successfully carried out by
M. JULLIEN at the GREAT EXHIBITION and elsewhere
THE FINEST INSTRUMENTAL BAND in the Colonies has been engaged.
Leader - Mr. Chapman.
Conductor - Mr. S. Benjamin.
Admission, 1s. Doors open, at half-past 7, commence at 8 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Aldridge (venue proprietor, concert organiser); William Chapman (musician, leader); White's Rooms (Adelaide venue)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 April 1860), 1 

AMUSEMENTS. Just out, Second Edition of Five Hundred
May be had of all Booksellers in Town, and at Barnett's, Gawler.
Price, One Shilling

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (8 November 1861), 2 

SOIREE MUSICALE! MR. SAMUEL BENJAMIN, Assisted by a Lady & Herr Gerber.
[His first appearance in the colony.]
At Mr. H. L. Cole's Room, Monday, Nov. 11, and following night.
At Mr. Summer's Room, FREMANTLE, Wednesday, Nov. 13, and following night.
THE Entertainment will consist of the following new Local Songs:
English Burlesques, Operatic Selections, Dramatic Personations, Descriptive Duets, Impromptu Rhyming, Dancing, &c.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8.
Admission Boxes, 4s.; Stalls, 3s.; Pit, 2s. Box tickets at this Office.
For programme, see small bills.

ASSOCIATIONS: Arnold Gerber (wood turner, ? musician, convict)

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News [WA] (11 October 1861), 2 

AMUSEMENT. MR. SAMUEL BENJAMIN, the South Australian Local Delineator and Improvisitor, will give an entertainment at
MR. H. L. COLE'S ROOMS. (See future Advertisement).
The South Australian Songster, by S. Benjamin, may be had at this office.
October 8, 1861.

"General Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (15 November 1861), 3 

On Monday and Tuesday evening last, Mr. S. Benjamin held his Soiree Musicale in Mr. H. L. Cole's large room. Mr. Benjamin fully maintained the reputation he has acquired in the sister colonies, but the attendance on either night, we are sorry to say, could hardly recompense Mr. Benjamin for the trouble and expense he incurred.

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (15 November 1861), 2 

At Mr. Stuberfield's, Guildford, on TUESDAY, the 19th inst., at 8 p.m.
Admission, front seats, 2s 6d; back do. 1s. 6d.


Musical amateur, vocalist, song writer

Born London, England, 17 August 1809; son of John BENNELL (d. 1857)
Married Hepzibah BEAUMONT (d. 1882), St. James, Colchester, England, 2 December 1832
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 20 June 1834 (per Chili, from London)
Died Launceston, TAS, 23 February 1878, aged "68" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING REPORT . . . ARRIVALS", Launceston Advertiser [VDL (TAS)] (26 June 1834), 2 

On Friday [20 June], the brig Chili, Capt. Nixon, from London. Passengers . . . Messrs. John Bennell, James Bennell, E. Beaumont, Mrs. Bennell, and child . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (18 September 1834), 2 

JAMES BENNELL, House Painter, Carver & Gilder, &c., ST. JOHN STREET,
BEGS to intimate to the inhabitants of Launceston, and its vicinity, that, having lately arrived from England, per CHILI, he has commenced business in the above branches, and respectfully solicits a share of their support of which he trusts, by attention to business, he will be found worthy.
In addition to House Painting in general, he will undertake the execution of every description of ornamental work in his trade; painting or graining of furniture, &c.; and the manufactor of gold and black picture frames, borders for rooms, window poles, and cornices &c., &c.
St. John-street, next the Church, Sept. 17, 1834.

"SONGS FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (2 July 1859), 2 

We have to acknowledge receipt of Nos. 2 and 3 of Songs for the Million, by Mr. Adams; the words of No. 2 by Mr. Bennell, and of No. 3 by Mr. Brooke.
Song No. 2 illustrates the interval of a second.
Come Tasman' lands and lasses,
Let us united be -
And join the millon classes,
To sing most merrily.
Come, let us strive together,
Each lesson to complete;
The task will give you pleasure.
And mind the time to keep.
Then join the million classes,
And may all happy be;
The Queen and bonnie lasses
We'll praise most merrily . . .
The songs are lithographed by Mr. J. J. Gwynne, of the Land Mart (late Allen's).
We may mention that the conductor of the classes is in want of verses to set to music; and will gladly receive contributions of that sort adapted to the purpose. There are two hundred and fifty or sixty names down upon the class-lists, but the attendance on practice nights is irregular and disproportionate to the nominal strength of the classes, which are nevertheless progressing; though those constant fluctuations in the number of voices seriously affect the general efficency and must lead to disappointment. The success of the scheme depends upon numbers and combination.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Adams (conductor, composer); Warren Auber Brooke (lyricist, member); Joseph James Gwynne (lithographer);
for a more complete transcription of the song text, with varied chorus after each verse, see
"SONGS FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 July 1859), 5 

. . . Down right, left up,
And one, two, three,
Do, re, mi, fa, and sol, la, si . . .

"THE LATE MR JAS. BENNELL", Weekly Examiner (2 March 1878), 17 

It is with great regret that we have to record the death of an old and much respected resident, Mr. James Bennell, which occurred at his residence, Cameron-street, shortly after mid-day on Saturday, 23rd ult. after a painful illness of over a fortnight's duration. Mr. Bennell was born in London, on the 17th August, 1809, and was therefore in his 69th year. Accompanied by Mrs Bennell and family he arrived at Launceston on the 10th June, 1834, in the bark Chili, Capt. Nixon, and has resided in Launceston ever since, so that he must have seen the town as it were grow up during that long period. He has been associated with many important events, in the past, but quiet and unostentatious in the extreme, Mr. Bennell never sought a prominent part in public affairs, though he rendered active service to any cause he took in hand. At the request of the late Mr. W. G. Sams, the then sheriff, Mr. Bennell was one of those who accompanied him when the proclamation of the accession of her Majesty Queen Victoria to the throne in 1837 was made by the sheriff at the corners of the principal streets in Launceston, an event not many here can remember. He was one of the first jurors ever empannelled in Launceston, and formed one of the founders of the first musical society here, the old Philharmonic Society, taking part among the vocalists in their first public effort - the "Messiah."

Mr. Bennell also took a great interest in the agitation which led to the organisation of the Anti-Transportation League, and the subsequent events which followed upon its formation. He has been engaged in business, ever since his arrival in the colony, and has erected more buildings in Launceston than perhaps any other man. As a prominent instance of his enterprise we may point to one of the finest rows of building in the town, Victoria Terrace, which was commenced by him about 20 years ago on what was then an unsightly waste piece of land. In private Mr. Bennell's character may be briefly summed up in the words, "he was a kind father and a warm friend." He was never so happy as with his family near him, and numbers outside his own circle can look back on many a kind action done by him. Idleness Mr. Bennell abhorred and was never idle himself. Up to the time of his last illness he was always to he found giving personal superintendence to his workmen, and looking after every detail of business himself; perhaps had he spared himself more it would have been better for him. He leaves a widow and six children, the survivors of an unusually large family of thirteen. The funeral took place on Wednesday afternoon at the Public Cemetery, Charles-street. There was a large attendance of the principal townspeople. During the day the shops were partially closed, and the various shipping had their flags hoisted half-mast as a mark of respect to the deceased. The service at the grave was conducted by the Rev. C. Price, assisted by Mr. White, pastor of the Baptist Church.

ASSOCIATIONS: Launceston Philharmonic Society (assocaition)

"OBITUARY. MR. HENRY DOWLING", Launceston Examiner (18 September 1885), 3

Another of the fast diminishing band of old colonists passed away yesterday in the person of Mr. Henry Dowling, who died at his residence, Adelaide-street, about 3 p.m., in his 76th year . . . Mr. Dowling was born in the city of Gloucester, England, in January, 1810, his father being the Rev. Henry Dowling, Baptist minister of that city. He was educated at the Free Grammar School, in Colchester, in Essex, where his father afterwards removed, and was apprenticed by the managers to the printing business. Amongst his schoolfellows was the late Mr. Jas. Bennell, of Launceston . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Dowling (newspaper proprietor)

"REMINISCENCES [By B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2 

. . . Who can forgot the Philharmonic in its palmy days under his leadership? Tasmania has never before or since seen such a society. Mr. Adams was organist at Trinity, for which an excellent organ had been procured, chiefly through the exertions of the late Mr. A. J. Marriott. The Sacred Harmonic Society was a kind of offshoot from the Philharmonic, being organised and conducted by Mr. G. Pullen, who received his training as a conductor at the meetings of the Philharmonic. This society did some good work in the way of encouraging a taste for classical music. The first society which existed in the town for the practice of vocal sacred music was a small affair which used to meet in the Baptist Chapel for practice. It consisted of perhaps 12 or 15 members, prominent amongst whom were the late J. S. Waddell, John Tozer, James Bennell, our present esteemed citizen Alex. Webster, several ladies, and a few instrumentalists. Indeed I fancy that this society had something to do with launching the Sacred Harmonic, whose baton was successively wielded by Mr. Pullen and Mr. T. Sharp . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Arthur John Marriot (musical amateur); George Pullen (musician); Thomas Sharp (musician); Alexander Webster (amateur); Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society (association)

BENNELONG (Woollarawarre Bennelong)

Indigenous singer, songmaker

Born Eora country, c. 1764
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1792 (per Atlantic, for England) Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 September 1795 (per Reliance, from Portsmouth, February)
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 January 1813 (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 January 1813), 2 

Bennelong died on Sunday morning last at Kissing Point . . .

Musical source:

The song, Barrabula, as sung by the two visiting Sydney men, Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne, in London, England, in 1793, was taken down and later published by Edward Jones.

2 Barrabula (Song of the natives of NSW)

A SONG OF THE NATIVES OF NEW SOUTH WALES; Which was written down from the Singing of BENELONG, and YAM-ROWENY, the two Chiefs, who were brought to England some years ago from Botany Bay, by Governor Phillips [sic]. The subject of the Song, is in praise of their Lovers; and when they Sang, it seem'd indispensible to them to have two sticks, one in each hand to beat time with the Tune; one end of the left stick rested on the ground, while the other in the right hand was used to beat against it, according to the time of the notes.

Edward Jones, Musical curiosities; or, a selection of the most characteristic national songs, and airs; many of which were never before published: consisting of Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Danish, Lapland, Malabar, New South Wales, French, Italian, Swiss, and particularly some English and Scotch national melodies, to which are added, variations for the harp, or the piano-forte, and most humbly inscribed, by permission, to her royal highness the princess Charlotte of Wales . . . (London: Printed for the author, 1811), 15 (music and words) 

Facsimile above (exemplar London, British Library, R.M.13.f.5): (PREVIEW)

See main entry on this source, with full documentation: 

Bibliography and resources:

Eleanor Dark, "Bennelong (1764-1813)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

Jack Brook, "The forlorn hope: Bennelong and Yemmerrawannie go to England", Australian Aboriginal Studies (2001/1), 36-47 (PAYWALL)

L. R. Hiat, "Bennelong and Omai", Australian Aboriginal Studies (2004/2), 87-89 (PAYWALL)

Keith Vincent Smith, "Bennelong among his people", Aboriginal History 33 (2009)

Kate Fullagar, "Bennelong in Britain", Aboriginal History 33 (2009)


Musician, professor of music and dancing, pianist, vocalist, Irish vocalist

Born Ireland, ?
Active Maitland, NSW, by 1853
Active Beechworth VIC, and Bendigo, VIC, 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (14 May 1853), 3 

Education. Mr. S BENNER, of Church of England principles,
who has received a Classical Education in some of the first Seminaries in London, having engaged with Mr. Levien, of thee Rose Inn, West Maitland, to instruct his two children, with privilege to receive two or three other
YOUTHS as BOARDERS, or DAY SCHOLARS, would be happy to wait on any gentleman desirous of securing for their children a Sound and Moral Education.
The pupils of Mr. Benner would be instructed in all the useful branches of a Polite education, including Music, Singing, and Dancing.
The terms will be moderate; but as only a limited number can be received, early application will be necessary.
Address to MR. BENNER, Rose Inn.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 July 1853), 3 

begs leave to announce to the inhabitants of East Maitland that
he intends opening a SCHOOL, on THURSDAY, 28th, for the reception of Ladies and Gentlemen who may feel desirous of being instructed in the polite ART OF DANCING.
Mr. Mayo has kindly presented Mr. B with the use of one of the private rooms of his Hotel for the above purpose.
All communications to be addressed to the care of Mr. Mayo; or to Mr. Benner, at the Rose Inn, West Maitland. July 19th.

Names and descriptions of passengers, per Antelope, from Sydney, 17 April 1854; for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Sam'l Benner / 25 . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (3 January 1857), 4 

PROMENADE Concert and Ball every evening, at the Star. Musical Director, Herr Collin. Leader, Mr. Osborne. Admission, One Shilling. MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER will appear this evening in the Grand Scene from the "Daughter of the Regiment." MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER, Mr. Burchell, Mr. Hammond, and Mr. S. Benner, at the Star, are the great attractions in Beechworth.

ASSOCIATIONS: Leopold Frederick Collin (musical director); Ferdinand Osborne (leader); Alwine Schluter (vocalist); W. H. Hammond (vocalist); Star Theatre (Beechworth venue)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 February 1867), 3 

Grand Complimentary Benefit to Mr. James Ellis,
ON which occasion the following Artistes have in the most handsome manner tendered their services -
Reserved Seats can be secured by application at the Theatre to Mr. Rowden, who has been appointed place-keeper.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (proprietor); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Miss Lorette (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); John Ottis Pierce (vocalist); W. Hurst (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 February 1857), 3 

MR. JAMES ELLIS . . . Complimentary Benefit . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART I . . . Song - " Paddy Malone" - Mr. S. Benner. B. Griffin . . .
Pianist, Mr. S. Benner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: ? Benjamin Pitt Griffin (songwriter, of Maitland)

MUSIC: ? A song Paddy Malone, as arranged and sung by John Turner, formerly of Maitland, was published in Sydney in 1859

"THE STAR CONCERTS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 March 1857), 2 

Owing to the change in the proprietorship of the Star Hotel, a change has also taken place in the management of the concerts, which are now under the direction of Mr. Coulon, assisted by Miss Hamilton, Messrs. Pierce, Hammond, Benner, and others. The first concert, owing probably to its not having been announced sufficiently early, was anything but well attended. We do not conceive, however, that the attendance last night will be a criterion for future concerts, but believe, on the contrary, that they will meet the large degree of support they merit. The singers are now all well-known, and thoroughly appreciated, and as the programme is varied nightly the attraction of novelty is added to good singing.

[Advertement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (12 March 1857), 4 


ASSOCIATIONS: Mark Radford (musician)

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 March 1857), 2 

Saturday evening last, was indeed a triumph for Miss Hamilton, and the professional gentlemen engaged with her at the Star Theatre. Mr. Benner was eminently successful in his favorite Irish song, "Paddy Malone" . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 March 1857), 3 

The Operatta of THE WATERMAN.
And (by request) TWO PIKES AND A GUDGEON.
Two Pike's - Messrs. Belfield and Hammond.
The Gudgeon - - Mr. Benner.

"THE STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 March 1857), 2 

Mr. Coulon is gradually changing his concerts into a series of operatic entertainments. Dibdin's favorite little operetta of the "Waterman" has been repeated twice or thrice, with increasing favor. We know no style of entertainment more suitable to the tastes of the population around us, and when they are well conducted and ably supported they must be attended with financial success. Miss Hamilton possesses very good dramatic powers of a light and playful nature. Her acting as Wilhelmina in the "Waterman" was decidedly good. She was the realisation of a lively, sprightly, coquettish young woman, plagued by her parents and wavering between two lovers. Mr. Belfield makes up very artistically for the fopish gardener's apprentice, Mr. Pearce is a very nautical Tom Tug. More than a word of praise is due to Mr. Hammond for his performance of the cantankerous mother, in which he excelled himself. The unfortunate father plagued with such a scolding wife found a good representative in Mr. Benner.

[News], Bendigo Advertiser (27 May 1857), 3 

A NEW VOCALIST, not unknown to fame as a pleasing public singer on the goldfields, made his debut in Sandhurst on Monday evening, in the grand Concert Hall of the Shamrock Hotel. The gentleman's name is Samuel Benner. He has dwelt during the last two and a half years at the Ovens, where he was a very popular singer. Mr. Benner's forte is in singing Irish comic songs. He is gifted with a well-toned, well-regulated, powerful voice; and his peculiar "gift of the brogue" in singing the comicalities of Hibernia, called forth continual shouts of laughter and applause. Mr. Benner was thrice encored during the evening. We understand that Mr. B. is a person of high family in Ireland, whither he is about returning with the proceeds of his successful visit to the Victorian goldfields.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (28 May 1857), 3 

MR. SAMUEL BENNER, Pianist and Irish Comic Singer, is open to an Engagement. Commercial Hotel, Pall Mall.

[2 advertisements], Bendigo Advertiser (13 June 1857), 1 

GUM TREE HOTEL, Golden-square.
The proprietor of the above begs most respectfully to inform the lovers of harmony that he has engaged the well-known Sentimental Singer and Banjo Player,
MR. WHITE, (Formerly Rainer's) to play, &c., on every Tuesday and Friday.
Mr. BENNER will preside at the Piano, and during the evening will sing some of his favourite IRISH SONGS.
To commence at half-past seven o'clock. Admission Free. Mr. B. WOOLLAND, Manager.

GUM TREE HOTEL, GOLDEN SQUARE. FREE CONCERTS, every Tuesday and Friday. A Free and Easy every Saturday. Mr. Benner, Pianist. Mr. B. Woolland, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: M. W. White (serenader)

"GUM TREE HOTEL", Bendigo Advertiser (18 June 1857), 3 

Last evening the first of a series of free concerts was given at this Hotel to a crowded room. The company comprise Mr. White, the celebrated banjo player of Rainer's Serenaders, Mrs. Byrne and Mr. Benner, an Irish comic singer, all of whom made their first appearance on Bendigo on this occasion. The room, which is one of the best on Bendigo, was densely crowded and the exertions of the several performers, as well as the enterprise of the landlord, Mr. Woolland, were amply rewarded in the unanimous feeling of satisfaction evinced by the audience. An entertainment of the kind has been long required in this locality, and no doubt Mr. Woolland's enterprise will receive that support which he has already experienced.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 July 1857), 1 

Quadrille Assembly every Thursday Evening.
Mr. Benner, Pianist.

BENNETT, George (George BENNET [sic]; George BENNETT; Mr. G. BENNETT; Mr. BENNETT)

Musician, vocalist, violinist, pianist, organist, concert presenter, pianoforte and organ tuner and repairer, composer

Born Wiltshire, England, 1817; baptised St. Martin's church, Barford, 4 April 1817; son of William BENNET (1780-1840) and Edith BISHOP (1783-1849)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 25 September 1839 (per Prince Regent, from London, 6 June)
Married Elizabeth HOMER (c. 1818-1880), Trinity church, Adelaide, SA, 20 April 1846
Died Adelaide, SA, 22 September 1854, aged "37" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


George Bennett (or "Bennet") was baptised at Barford St. Martin, Wiltshire, on 4 April 1817, a son of William Bennet, a farmer, and Edith Bishop, who had married there on 26 October 1809.

George was a nephew and pupil of Thomas Bennett ("Bennet", baptised privately Fugglestone St. Peter, 17 February 1782), probably from as early as c. 1825, as a chorister of Chichester Cathedral, where Thomas was organist and master of the choristers from 1803 until his death on 21 March 1848 (see also here on Thomas Bennett).

George was also a cousin and colleague at Chichester of Thomas's musical sons, Alfred Bennett (baptised Chichester St. Peter, 24 March 1805; died Severn Stoke, Worcester, 12 September 1830), and Henry Bennett (baptised Chichester, 26 February 1819; died Ifracombe, Devon, 1896).

South Australia (1839-54):

In October 1839, two recent arrivals "from Chichester", William Ewens and George Bennett assisted at Charles Platts's lecture on music. Emanuel Spiller, related to Ewens by marriage, was a third Chichester arrival by the Prince Regent.

In February 1840, Platts and Bennett jointly advertised the first professional concert in Adelaide.

At celebrations of the anniversary of the colony in Gawler in 1851, Bennett himself concocted a song, now lost, a South Australian anthem ("Let all our cares and griefs be drowned") reportedly:

composed expressly for the occasion . . . the intrinsic merit of the music exciting very general admiration.

Bennett's concert programs suggest he was a capable conductor and pianist in oratorio and middle-brow operatic numbers. Press reports, by the early 1850s, mainly register his voluntary musical contributions to convivial Masonic and civic gatherings, or indeed convivial gatherings of any sort. Visiting a butcher friend who had just returned from the gold-fields in 1852, Bennett was playing a polka on the piano for the assembled company in what was, actually, probably a sly-grog shop, when a fight broke out with his host. He lost two teeth - deemed a serious blow for a professor of singing - and was awarded damages when the matter ended up in court.

Two years later, he died of delirium tremens.

With thanks to John Bishop (Uraidla, SA, December 2020) for kindly sharing his research into the Bennett family in England


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Barford St. Martin in the County of Wilts in the Year 1817; register 1813-61, page 12; Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre; (PAYWALL)

No. 94 / April 4 / George Son of / William & Edith / Bennet / Barford / Yeoman . . .

Extracts from a letter from William Ewens, Tam-O'Shanter Place, Adelaide, 13 October 1839, to his mother and brother, Chichester, England; transcribed Ewens 1960, 9-10 (DIGITISED)

. . . We embarked at 4.30 p.m. on Thursday, 6th June, 1839, at St. Katherine's Dock, Blackwall, and dropped anchor in Holdfast Bay 26th September. We saw no land from Lands End Cornwall till Kangaroo Island, and spoke no ship all the way. . .

We all went to (Trinity) Church, some in the morning and some in the evening. The Clergyman (Mr. Howard) seems to be a very good disposed kind gentle sort of man. I have been to his home with Geo. Bennett; some of the congregation wanted to establish a choir, but many he said liked rather congregational singing. Mr. Bennett has fair promise of doing well with his teaching. Both of us sang at a lecture given on Music (by Mr. C. Platts) and we have promised to sing at a Concert to be given for the benefit of the Adelaide Infirmary.

[Ewens 1960 note]: To this letter his young friend, George Bennett, added a footnote, asking that Mr. Ewens' mother would oblige him by letting his friends in Chichester know of his safe arrival, and saying that he was well, and already had a pupil or two.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Ewens (musician, fellow immigrant); Charles Platts (musician, fellow immigrant)

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (19 October 1839), 4

On Friday week [11 October], Mr. Platts gratified the members of the Literary Association by delivering a lecture on the Music of the 17th century. He was duly assisted by Messrs. Bennett and Ewens who have recently arrived from Chichester. We congratulate the colony upon this accession of musical talent. Mr. Platts, after an interesting narrative of the progress of the science at that period, illustrated his subject by several beautiful performances, among which we may particularly "Non Nobis Domine " - the duet "Could a man be secure" - a beautiful concerto from Corelli - Purcell's song "Mad Tom" - and "God save the Queen." The company was extremely numerous and respectable, and repeatedly evinced their gratification with the performance. At the close of the lecture, the Secretary suggested the propriety of having an amateur concert for the benefit of the Infirmary. We hope that our fellow colonists may encourage the project, and have frequent opportunities, in the present dearth of public amusement, of enjoying the innocent and intellectual recreation derived from music.

MUSIC: Non nobis domine (canon)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1839), 6 

MUSICAL - Messrs. Platts and Bennett have the honor to offer their services as Professors and Teachers of the Pianoforte, Violin, and Singing. Crippen-street, near the Church.

ON SALE, a large selection of Vocal and Instrumental Music, Pianofortes, Violins, Bows, Pegs, &c.;
Harp, Guitar, Violencello and Violin strings; ruled Music Paper;
Pianofortes, Harps, Violins, &c., tuned and repaired.
PLATTS & BENNETT, Crippen-street, near the Church.

CONCERT - Messrs. PLATTS & BENNETT beg to announce that they intend to give a CONCERT early in the ensuing month.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT IN ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 6

On a spot that three years ago was a desert waste, now stands a public assembly room. In a place that no longer ago was a howling wilderness, is now advertised the first professional Concert. Where the owl shrieked, and the wild dog yelled in emulation of his savage master, the strains of art and fancy - the notes of Beethoven, Martini, Bishop, &c., are to sing their varied melody. Success to you, Messrs. Platts and Bennett, we know not your performers, and speak not of merits which we can only guess at; but credit and encouragement be yours for the attempt. A crowded and a good natured audience, we hope, will smile upon your efforts.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 1 

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
CONCERT - at Mr. Solomon's Rooms, Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" - Handel.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS, "Here in cool grot" - Mornington.
SONG - Mr. EDWARDS - "Mariners of England - Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr. BENNETT - Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, "E fia Ver" - Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath" - Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth" - Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus" - Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" - Bishop.
SONG - Mr. EWENS, "Maiden I will ne'er" - Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Ma Fanchette" - Herz and Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS, "Would you know [my Celia's charms]" - Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be had at this office, at the Southern Australian office, and at
Messrs. Platts and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the Church.

ASSOCIATIONS: A lady = Georgiana Murray (pianist, vocalist); William Povall Edwards (vocalist)

[News], Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Advertiser (18 February 1840), 3 

Many of our friends at home, who may have been startled by Mr. Horton James's veracious assertion, that a person might lose himself in the bush in the city of Adelaide, and sleep all night under a tree, for want of a better roof, will be a little surprized to see in the advertizing columns of the Adelaide papers, a notice of the concert to be given on Wednesday, next, by Messrs. Platts & Bennett; and will agree with us in thinking, that an evening may be much more agreeably passed under the roof-tree of such really elegant rooms as those of the Messrs. Solomon, in listening to the strains of the master-spirits of harmony of our own land, and to the vocal melody of the our emigrant brethren, than in endeavouring to repose under the finest South Australian gum-tree, listening to, and shrinking from, the monotonous howling of the corrobories of our sable brethren. Still more surprized will they be, if they should happen to see the handsome tinted "programmes" of the music selected for the occasion, creditable alike to the taste of our "masters of the tuneful art," and to the neatness of the "printer's hand" in South Australia. We trust Messrs. Platts and Bennett will have liberal encouragement to renew their praiseworthy endeavours to provide elegant and innocent amusement for the evening hours of our lieges.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Horton James, author of Six months in South Australia (London: J. Cross, 1838)

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (20 February 1840), 2 

MESSRS. PLATTS & BENNETT beg to inform the Public that in consequence of the unfavourable state of the weather, they were compelled to postpone the CONCERT advertized to take place last night,
to THIS EVENING, 20th February, at Messrs, Solomon's Rooms, Currie-street.
Tickets may be had of Messrs. Platts and Bennett, and at the newspaper offices. 20th February, 1840.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4 

The first professional concert given in Adelaide on Thursday night was so successful, and so numerously attended by the most respectable inhabitants, that we confidently look forward to an early repetition of the attempt. Making due allowance for the embarrassment of first appearances, we can conscientiously say that the whole affair was worthy of most, and superior to many, similar entertainments which are "got up" in the provincial towns of England, boasting of a population double that of Adelaide. The concerted pieces were perhaps the most defective. Instrumental music admits of no mediocrity; but the songs were very respectably given. The most ambitious effort of the evening, Mercandante's duet "E, ha ver," was creditably sung by Mr. Platts and Mrs. Elliott. Mr. Ewens, who is a steady, and evidently a good, musician, sustained his part in several glees, and sung a very sweet English song by Rodwell, the name of which we forget at this moment, with great simplicity and taste. Mr. Edwards gave Neukomn's "Mariners of England" with much vigour, and he afterwards introduced another very beautiful song, well suited to his superb voice, in which he was rapturously encored. Lord Mornington's celebrated glee "Here in cool grot," and Webbe's catch "Would you know" gave very general pleasure, although we thought they might have been done greater justice to had the singers possessed the advantage of a little more practice and a better knowledge of each other's powers. Upon the whole, however, the concert was a good one, and such as we would willingly, and as we earnestly hope to see, in Adelaide for the future at no distant intervals.

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Elliot (vocalist)

"CONCERT", Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1840), 3 

We were glad to see that the Concert given by Messrs. Platts and Bennett, on Thursday night last, was numerously attended by the elite of Adelaide. The performances, especially the singing, gave general satisfaction; and we trust that the success attending their first attempt, will encourage Messrs. Platts and Bennett to an early renewal of their efforts for the gratification of the public.

"DINNER TO DAVID McLAREN, ESQ.", South Australian Register (2 January 1841), 3 

MR. McLAREN, for four years Colonial Manager of the affairs of the South Australian Company, being about to return to England, a numerous body of the colonists addressed a requisition to him, that he would accept of a public dinner as a testimonial of their good-will ere he left the colony . . . Accordingly, on Thursday evening a splendid dinner was laid in a room of the Company's new buildings in Rundle street . . . The dinner, furnished by Mr. Edwards, of Stephens-place, but got up, we believe, principally under the superintendence of Mr. Henry, Mr. Edwards's predecessor in the Stephens-place hotel, was of the most splendid description . . . At one end of the room an orchestra was fitted up.
Mr. George Bennett was conductor of the music, and Mr. Edwards, Mr. Ewens, and two or three others, lent their able assistance. The music, songs, glees, &c., were executed in such a manner that several of them were rapturously encored . . . After removal of the cloth, "Non nobis Domine" was sung in fine style by Messrs. George Bennett, Edwards, and Ewens . . .
"God Save the Queen" was then sung in very splendid style by the above-named gentlemen . . .
The Chairman then gave the Queen Dowager and all the Royal Family. Glee - "With a jolly full bottle" . . .
Glee - "By Celia's arbour" . . . Glee - "Mynheer Van Dunk" . . .
Glee - "To all you Ladies now on Land" . . . Glee - "Breathe soft ye winds" . . .
Glee - "Willie brew'd a peck o'maur," - Messrs. Edwards, Ewen, and Bennett . . .
Glee - "The Chough and Crow" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: David McLaren (manager)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 January 1841), 2 

THE Gentry and Public of Adelaide and its vicinity are most respectfully informed that the above elegant Theatre being now completed will open for the season,
ON MONDAY, JANUARY 11, 1841, Under the exclusive direction of Mr. Lazar (late Manager of the Victoria, and Theatre Royal, Sydney) . . .
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. Bennett . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lazar (actor, manager); Queen's Theatre (Adelaide venue)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 January 1841), 2 

TO THE MUSICAL WORLD! A GRAND PIANO FORTE, by a firstrate London maker, and two splendid Violins, in cases, complete, to be raffled for, at the Tasmanian Hotel, on the 20th February next, at 36 members at fifty shillings each.
Without exaggeration, the above instruments are of a superior description, both for tone and workmanship.
The piano, in particular, is worthy of notice. It is the opinion of the best musical judges that it is unequalled in the colony. The invoice price of this instrument alone is £80.
A private room has been reserved for the exclusive use of visitors who wish to exercise those instruments, which will fully prove the correctness of the above assertion.
The piano has been put in full tone by Mr. Bennett. Further particulars to be obtained of the above on application to
MR. WHELAND, Tasmanian Hotel.

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (26 January 1841), 2 

Concert. MESSRS. Edwards and Bennett beg to announce their intention of giving, in the course of the ensuing fortnight,
an evening Concert of miscellaneous music, for which the most able musical talents in the colony will be engaged.
Further particulars will appear in due time. Stephen's Place. January 25th, 1841.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record (10 February 1841), 2 

CONCERT. MESSRS. EDWARDS & BENNETT beg respectfully to inform the Gentry and Public of Adelaide and its vicinity, that their
CONCERT will take place in the large room in the South Australian Company's building, Rundle street,
THE EVENING (Wednesday), February 10th, 1841.
The principal performers will be - Mrs. ELLIOTT, AND A LADY AMATEUR.
No pains will be spared to render the Orchestra as complete as possible.
- Tickets, six shillings each, may be obtained at Edward's Hotel, Stephens-place; Waterloo House, Hindley-street; and at Dinham and Harvey's, Rundle-street.
The Doors will be opened at half-past Seven o'clock, and the performance will commence at Eight o'clock precisely.
The Programme will be given at the room. Stephens-place Feb. 3, 1841.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Caroline Elliot (vocalist, musician); Philip Lee (musician)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1841), 3 

CONCERT. Messrs. EDWARDS & BENNETT beg leave to announce that they intend shortly, giving a Concert of Sacred Music; upon which occasion, they have engaged the best musical talent available. Stephens-place, July 30.

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (13 August 1841), 1 

CONCERT. Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNET Beg to announce their intention of giving a
CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC, In the large Room of the Sooth Australian Company's buildings, Rundle-street.
ON FRIDAY, AUGUST 13th, 1841.
Principal Performers: Mrs. ELLIOT, and a Lady Amateur.
Messrs. EDWARDS, EWENS, LEE, POOLE, ELLIOT, and BENNETT, assisted by Gentlemen Amateurs.
OVERTURE - Occasional - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mr. Edwards - Arm, Arm, ye Brave - HANDEL.
QUARTETT - Mrs. Elliot, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, and Poole - Thou art gone to the Grave - GREATOREX.
AIR - Mr. Ewens - I know that my Redeemer liveth - HANDEL.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Mrs. Elliot - Comfort ye - HANDEL.
CHORUS - And the Glory - HANDEL.
PART 2nd.
RECITATIVE & AIR - Lady Amateur - With Verdure Clad - HAYDN.
ANTHEM - Lady Amateur and Mr. Ewens - Hear my Prayer - KENT.
SONG - Mr. Ed wards - The Last Man - CALLCOTT.
TRIO - Messrs. Edwards, Ewens, & Bennett - Disdainful of Danger - HANDEL.
GRAND CHORUS - The Heavens are telling - HAYDN.
Tickets, 7s 6d. each, or Family Tickets to admit three, 21s. each. To be had at Edwards' Hotel, Stephens' Place.
The Concert will commence precisely at Eight o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Poole (vocalist, violoncellist)

"MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNETT'S CONCERT", Southern Australian (17 August 1841), 3 

THE Concert of Sacred Music on Friday last passed off much to the satisfaction of all the parties who attended. Without noticing particularly the execution of the several performers, we cannot pass over that of Mr. Edwards in "The last Man," which certainly did that gentleman the highest credit, and which was received with great applause. Owing to the unfavorable state of the weather, the number in attendance was limited, not exceeding seventy or eighty individuals, the greater part of whom, however, were ladies, and in full dress. Under these circumstances, the concert could hardly have been sufficiently remunerative, considering the unavoidable expenses and exertions in getting it up. Messrs. Edwards and Bennett, we understand, intend to give a concert of Miscellaneous Music in about a fortnight, at the same place, on which occasion they hope to be favored with better weather and a larger attendance.

"THE CONCERT", Adelaide Independent and Cabinet of Amusement (19 August 1841), 3 

The attendance at Messrs. Edwards and Bennett's Concert on Friday night, notwithstanding the rain and wind, was such as to presage decided success to their future efforts. The performance would have done no discredit to commercial town in England . . .

"THE PUBLIC DINNER TO EDWARD JOHN EYRE, ESQ.", Southern Australian (27 August 1841), 2-3 

LAST evening, a public dinner was given to Edward John Eyre, Esq., the enterprising explorer into the interior of Australia, by the colonists of South Australia, in the South Australian Company's Buildings, Rundle-street, in commemoration of his return from his late important and disinterested expedition. The Hon. Captain Sturt, Assistant Commissioner presided . . .
The dinner was in Mr. Edwards' first-rate style, and the wines of the very best quality. Music was provided, and Messrs. Edwards, Bennett, Ewens, and Hayward [sic, Harward], did their very best to entertain the company after the various toasts. The cloth having been removed, Non nobis Domine was sung in excellent style . . .
Glee - "Life's a Bumper" . . . GLEE - "Dame Durden" . . .
SONG - "The plough-share of Old England" . . . GLEE - "Chough and Crow" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward John Eyre (explorer); Charles Sturt (explorer); Thomas Harward (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Independent and Cabinet of Amusement (30 September 1841), 2 

MESSRS. EDWARDS AND BENNETT beg to announce their intention of giving a
Concert of Miscellaneous Music, on Thursday next, the 30th instant,
in the Large Room of the South Australian Company's New Building's Rundle-street.
DUETT - Messrs. Edwards & Ewens - Sound the Trumpet boldly - PURITANI - BELLINI
DUETT - Violin & Violoncello - Messrs. Bennett & Poole - REINAGLE
SONG - Lady Amateur - When crowned with Summer Roses - HOBBS
GRAND VARIATIONS - Flute - On Malbrook - Gent. Amateur - BUCHER
SONG - Mr. Edwards - Friend of the Brave - CALCOTT
GLEE - A Lady, Messrs. Edwards, Ewens and Poole - If his delicious grateful Flower - HAWES
GRAND TRIO - Piano, Violin, & Violoncello - A Lady, Messrs. Bennett and Poole - HUMMELL
SONG - Mr. Ewens - The Land of the West - LOVER
POLACCA - I Puritani - A Lady - Son Virgin - BELLINI
DUETT - A Lady and Mr. Ewens, - The Butterfly - SALE
FINALE - God save the Queen -
Tickets 6s. each - to be had at Edward's Hotel, Stephens Place.

"ST. ANDREW'S DAY", Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record (1 December 1841), 2-3 

YESTERDAY, being St. Andrew's Day, was celebrated by the Scottish portion of the community by a public dinner. The dinner took place in the new Music Saloon, adjoining the Sportsman's Inn, in Gouger-street . . .
Glee - "Here's health to all good lasses," by Messrs. Edwards, Bennett, and Ewen . . .
Some good songs were sung during the evening by Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Birrel, and Mr. Wotherspoon. Messrs. Edwards and Bennet also sung a few glees with great effect.

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2 

The Amateur Concert, for the benefit of the Adelaide Infant School (not the Trinity Church Sunday School as erroneously stated in our last), took place on Tuesday evening. The room was crowded by a highly respectable assembly, and the whole concert "went off" most creditably for a first attempt. The overtures to Zampa and Fra Diavolo, in particular, were played with much spirit. Some disappointment, as well as considerable disadvantage to the vocal harmony, accrued from the desertion of the ladies who had promised their valuable assistance on the occasion. Notwithstanding their defection, however, the fine glees "Hark the Lark," "Bragela," and "Here in-coot grot," were sung with great sweetness. Dr. Kent and Dr. Knott were both most successful in their solos, and applauded to the "very echo." Among the amateurs, to whom the orchestral effect was principally owing, we may mention Mr. F. S. Dutton, who presided at the piano forte, Mr. Newland, Mr. McGill (96th Regt.), Mr. Wyatt, Dr. Kent, and Mr. Barnard. Messrs. Bennett, Poole, and Ewens also contributed their valuable assistance on the occasion; Mr. Charles Campbell good-naturedly complied with a request made to him in the room, and sung an Irish song in a style which reminded us of poor Jack Johnstone. The whole concert, in short, spoke highly of the musical talent of Adelaide, and is calculated, we hope, to lead to many similar agreeable entertainments. The proceeds to the benefit of the Infants' Schools amounted, we believe, to about twenty-five pounds.

ASSOCIATIONS: Benjamin Archer Kent (amateur); John Knott (amateur); Francis Stacker Dutton (amateur); John Napier Magill (amateur); William Wyatt (amateur)

[News], South Australian Register (15 April 1843), 2-3 

An opening dinner was given by Mr. T. Hornsby of the Victoria Hotel, Hindley-street, late of the Royal Oak, Adelaide, and Lincolnshire Hotel, Willunga, successor to Mr. W. Williams, on Thursday last, on the occasion of the Hotel's changing hands . . . [3] . . . In the interim of [the] toasts several songs were sung, particularly (among others) a glee, "The Glorious Appolo," by Messrs. Ewen, Bennett, and Bottomly; Mr. Williams's favorite, by himself, with fistivocalic [sic] accompaniments; "Sailor's Grave," by Ewens; "Jolly Friar," by Waters; "Nine Cheers for the Girl I love," by Fuller; "Maid of my Soul," by the same; "The Bugle," "Set of Threads," and the "Tenement," by Attwood . . .

"PUBLIC DINNER TO MR. JACOB MONTEFIORE", South Australian Register (3 June 1843), 3 

On Thursday a public dinner was given by the Colonists of South Australia in the Queen's Theatre, Gilles-arcade, to Jacob Montefiore, Esq., one of the late Board of Commissioners for South Australia . . .
On the removal of the cloth, "Non nobis Domine" was sung by Messrs. Ewen, Bennett, and Hayward, Mr. Bennett at the same time accompanying the vocal music with the piano forte . . .
AIR - "God save the Queen," by Messrs. Bennett, Ewen, and Hayward [sic] . . .
GLEE - " Fill the bowl with rosy wine" . . . A Glee by Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harwood [sic] . . .
GLEE - "Glorious Apollo" - Messrs. Ewen, Bennett, and Hayward . . .
AIR - "She wore a wreath of roses" . . . Song by Mr. Shayle . . .
SONG - "The Mountain Maid," by Dr. Knott . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Barrow Montefiore (commissioner); Thomas Harward (vocalist); Thomas Shayle (vocalist)

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (1 July 1843), 5 

. . . On Thursday, the 15th of June, Dr. Knot entertained a large assemblage of the elite of the Colony. The invitation was to an evening party. Music and singing were introduced, and the professional services of Mr. Bennett were in requisition. The supper was most tastefully laid out; dancing and singing were kept up till a late hour; cards were shuffled and dealt by those who are fond of killing time; and at daybreak the company took leave of mine host and hostess and of one another higher amused and gratified with their evening's entertainment.

"LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (26 August 1843), 5 

An Oratorio will shortly take place at Gawler-place Chapel, when a choice selection of sacred music will be performed by the elite of our vocal and instrumental professors. Messrs. Bennett, Ewens, and Moss, have promised their assistance; and the strength of the choral society, together with many other distinguished amateurs, have kindly determined to afford their talented support upon the occasion, so that the admirers of sacred harmony may expect an unusual treat.

ASSOCIATIONS: Adelaide Choral Society (association)

"RE-OPENING OF THE WESLEYAN CHAPEL, GAWLER PLACE", Southern Australian (8 September 1843), 2 

THIS place of public worship, which for the last few weeks had been undergoing repairs, was opened again for Divine service on Sunday last . . . On Tuesday evening, a public tea meeting and concert of sacred music was held in the same building. About four hundred persons sat down to tea . . . We cannot commend too highly the excellent manner in which the musicians performed their parts. We have not been able to obtain a correct list, or we should give the name of each performer. We cannot, however, avoid to mention the superior execution of Mr. Bennett, who led on the violin, and Mr. Poole's performance on the violoncello. Both of these gentlemen are masters of their instruments, and on the present occasion they played admirably . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3 

On Tuesday a vocal and instrumental concert, of which we had a short notice in our last, was given by several amateurs in Messrs. Lambert's new auction-rooms. The doors were opened at half-past seven, and nearly the whole of the seats were occupied by eight o'clock, at which time his Excellency the Governor and Mrs. Grey arrived. They were received with every demonstration of respect, and the concert almost immediately commenced with Auber's Overture to Masaniello. Mr. Bennett took the pianoforte, Dr. Kent, Dr. Wyatt, and Lieut. Magill had their flutes, and Mr. Poole his bass-viol. The music of this piece is too well known to require comment, and, if we may judge from the applause of the audience, the performers did it full jnstice. Dr Calcott's beautiful glee, "The Red Cross Knight," followed, by Drs. Kent and Wyatt, and Messrs. Ewens and Howard [sic, Harward], accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr. Bennett. In our very humble opinion, the effect was rather injured by its being sung too fast: it had the appearance of being hurried over, and many of the best points were lost. Still, this is a matter of taste, and probably ours may be peculiar. Dr Knott next sang "The flaunting Flag of Liberty" with his usual good taste and gentlemanly manner. A Lady, who has sometimes before delighted us in public, and often in private, then sang, as a duet, with Dr. Kent, "Borne on yon blaze of orient sky" - a very pretty piece - in which she also played the pianoforte accompaniment. A duet on flutes by Drs Wyatt and Kent followed, ("Di tanti palpiti") and, another glee and a duet, the first part closed with the Overture to Tancredi, in which Mr. Bennett's violin was added to the instruments before used, the lady playing the pianoforte. Not to be tedious, we will only say that, in the second part, several very pretty pieces, mostly of a light kind, were introduced. In one Dr. Kent threw in a dash of variety by accompanying himself on the guitar. A concerto on the pianoforte by the lady was received with much applause. The beautiful glee, "The Chough and Crow," was given in excellent style, followed by a duet on the pianoforte, and the concert concluded with the National Anthem by the lady before alluded to, and Drs. Wyatt and Kent. An entertainment of this kind is rather a novelty here, and we were much gratified to see that it could be so well done, and that it was so well supported. The most distinguished persons in the Colony were present, and the room presented a very pretty appearance from the taste and elegance of the ladies' dresses, not to mention their own beauty, which is proverbial . . . We should suppose about two hundred persons were present . . .

See also the program, [Advertisement], Southern Australian (7 November 1843), 3 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . IMPORTS", Adelaide Observer (18 November 1843), 8 

Cargo of the Imaum of Muscat, as reported in our last . . . 1 case musical instruments, G. Bennett . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 January 1844), 2 

CONCERT. Under the distinguished Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
MR. BENNETT begs respectfully to announce to the public that his concert takes place this evening,
January 3rd, at the South Australian Company's Rooms, Rundle-street.
Tickets, 5s. each, may be had of Mr. Ewens; Mr. Stuckey, Rundle-street; and at Mr. Harward's, Hindley-street.
Doors open at eight o'clock. Concert to commence at half-past eight precisely.

"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", Southern Australian (5 January 1844), 3 

On Wednesday evening we had the pleasure of attending a concert given by the above gentleman. To our agreeable surprise, we found that Drs. Kent and Wyatt had given their valuable aid, and they, of course, contributed in no small degree to the harmony of the evening. Several excellent overtures and glees were performed n a manner which gave great satisfaction, and it was remarked that there was a decided improvement as the performances proceeded. "The Breath of the Briar," by Mrs. Murray, Messrs. Ewens, Harward, and Poole, was beautifully executed; and, in the second part, "Mary of Argyle," a very sweet song was sweetly sung by Mrs. Murray, and deservedly encored. The Glee, "The Merriest Time of all the Year," also elicited universal applause. The little catch, "Ah! how, Sophia," was successfully performed by Messrs. Ewens, Harward, and Bennett. It is celebrated for its puns, having been expressly composed for cockney singers. "A! how, Sophia "("a house o' fire), cries one; "Go fetch the indian's" (engines), rejoins another; and the third quaintly remarks, "I'm but a lodger." The company were much amused, and heartily encored the piece. The following are the words:
Ah ! how. Sophia, can you leave
Your lover, and of hope bereave?
Go fetch the Indian's borrowed plume
Yet, richer far than that you bloom.
I'm but a lodger in your heart.
And more than me, I fear, have part.
Altogether, this, we should say was one of the best concerts we have had in Adelaide. His Excellency the Governor and Mrs. Grey were present. The attendance was pretty good, consisting of about 100 ladies and gentlemen, and will, we trust, encourage Mr. Bennett again to favor the public with a similar gratification at no distant period.

"LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (6 January 1844), 5 

Mr. Bennett's concert took place on Wednesday evening, under the auspices of the Governor, who was present with his suite; the audience consisted of upwards of 80 persons. The best instrumental effort of the evening was the Overture to William Tell. Considering the few instruments at command the effect was superior to anything ever produced in the Colony; the only blemish was, that, instead of its joyous marchlike character, the quick movement had a "roystering rollicking" manner, which however is not unknown at concerts of greater pretension than this. The worst performance was a Trio of Mozart's. Mr. Poole played out of tune, Mr. Lee out of time, and Mr. Bennett without tone; the latter however redeemed himself in a Concertante by Herz and Lafont. In this Mrs. Murray's brilliant execution shone to advantage, but we were dissatisfied with the style she adopted with regard to the theme, (the Reichstadt Waltz). From Strauss it fell like the genial drops of an (English) April shower, it was therefore painful to hear it hammered out with an much vehemence by one who is capable of appreciating the compositions of higher masters. In some of the variations Mrs. Murray was graceful and delicate, and throughout displayed an executive vigour that was exhilarating. In the adagio movement Mr. Bennett evinced a degree of taste that took us by surprise: it was the gem of the evening. We now come to the vocal portion. Bishop's glee, "the Boatie rows," was sang with precision, but it was destitute of that fulness and sustaining of tone so necessary in glee singing. Mr. Harward's voice is a good deep bass and with a little more cultivation will form a powerful addition to our vocal corps. We were much delighted with the melody of the "Cossack's Adieu," but Mr. Ewens's nasal intonation of n's reminded us of Barney in Oliver Twist, and destroyed any connection that the words might have with the music. Mrs. Murray was encored in "Mary of Argyle;" but we do not consider the meretricious roulades of a bravura to be applicable to a ballad whose simplicity constitutes its charm. The succeeding glees as well as some of the instrumental pieces, received valuable assistance from some gentlemen amateurs. The catch "Ah! how Sophia" was encored: it was sung correctly, but of the part "I'm but a lodger" we could not hear a syllable. The concert was wound up with the National Anthem, and as it seems to be a customary conclusion of all concerts here, there is no excuse for the want of pre-arrangement which characterised its execution.

See also another review, which also gives the complete program, "MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (6 January 1844), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1844), 2 

CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC. THE Public are respectfully informed that the
Adelaide Choral Society's first Concert will take place on Tuesday evening. March 5th, at the South Australian Company's Rooms, Rundle-street, corner of Stephens-place.
The performance will comprise a selection from Handel, Haydn, Mozart, and other celebrated composers.
Several Gentlemen, both professional and amateur, have been engaged to assist on the occasion.
Leader of the Band, Mr. Bennett.
Tickets 3s. each, together with book of the words, to be had of Mr. Barclay, draper, Rundle-street;
Mr. Bickford, chemist; Mr. John Edwards, Hindley-street; Mr. Platts' Library; and Mr. George Dehane.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (16 March 1844), 3 

The second concert of sacred music was given on Thursday night at the Company's rooms, and afforded us much gratification. It is truly a pleasure to hear again those splendid compositions of Handel, Haydn, and Mozart, which have so often delighted us in the Old Country. To a critic, good naturedly disposed, little room was last night given for censure. We may rather particularize the beautiful solo "He shall feed his Flock" and the bass song "Why do the Nations so furiously rage together?" as having been most creditably performed. The want of trumpets and drums was much felt in the choruses. These instruments have been so prodigiously introduced in England, and the noise even in some instances increased by the discharge of pistols, that the effect of some parts - in (for example) "For unto us" - was weak. Probably the frequent opening of ginger-beer bottles among the more enthusiastic of the singers was intended to supply the place of artillery. If so, we would suggest to them, that next time, they should be careful to give the "pop" only in the proper places; it struck us as rather injuring than improving the effect of a solo - but this may be a matter of taste. Mr. Bennett makes a very good leader. The room was somewhat more than half full, and every one seemed highly pleased. We hope these concerts will be of frequent occurrence, they reflect much credit on the society.

"LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (11 May 1844), 5 

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows is so much on the increase that the opening a third lodge in Adelaide, besides the one at the Port, has been found indispensible. Host Athorn, of the Albion Hotel, in Morphett-street, having recently added suitable apartments to his previous accommodations, the new lodge (to be called the Albion Lodge), has been established under Mr. Athorn's roof, which will surely be called a hospitable one by all who had the privilege of invitation to the opening supper . . . Several glees and songs were sung by Mesrs Ewens, Bennett, Harward, and other gentlemen, and the company parted at a late (query, early?) hour, highly pleased with their entertainment.

"ANNIVERSARY OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", South Australian Register (16 April 1845), 3 

The anniversary of the Hope Lodge was held last night in the Lodge-room, Freemasons Tavern, Pirie-street, Dr. Nash in the chair. About one hundred and twenty persons sat down. The cloth having been withdrawn, non nobis Domine was sung with great effect by Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, Kent, &c. . . . Tune - "Rise Gentle Moon," by Brother Tolmer, on the violin, accompanied by Brother Bennett on the piano, which, on being loudly encored, was repeated . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alexander Tolmer (amateur, violin)

"THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Observer (9 August 1845), 5-6 

The annual ploughing match took place on Thursday last, at Hindmarsh . . . At seven o'clock a company of about eighty sat down to a most excellent dinner at Mr. Payne's, Auction Mart Tavern . . .
The cloth being removed . . . Glee by Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harward - "Push the red wine about" . . . [6] . . .
Glee, by Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, Payne, and Harward - "Glorious Apollo" . . . Glee, Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harward, "Mynheer Van Dunk" . . . Glee, Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harward - the whole of the company joining - "Here's a health to all Good Lasses" . . . The entire evening was spent in the most cheerful manner. Several gentlemen, besides Messrs. Ewens, Bennett, and Harward, contributed their vocal talents to the harmony of the meeting; we may particularize Messrs. Wotherspoon, Russell, Bowman, Thompson, Cobler, Johnson, Mitchell, and Craig - nor must we forget Mr. Kenneth Campbell, who after the Chairman had left, was prevailed upon to give a song in the Gaelic language . . .

"ODD FELLOWSHIP", South Australian (7 November 1845), 2-3 

ON Wednesday the anniversary of the Hope Lodge of the Odd Fellows' Society was celebrated by a sumptuous dinner in a new hall which has been built by Mr. Robinson, of the Free Masons' Tavern, behind his hotel. About 170 members and friends of the Order attended . . .
After the cloth was removed . . . [3] . . . A beautiful piece of music was here executed by Messrs. Tolmer (on the violin), and Bennett (on the piano). It was very loudly and unanimously encored . . . Song - "The Smuggler King," by Mr. Yems . . .
Music by Messrs. Tolmer and Bennett, loudly cheered and encored . . .
Song by Mr. Shayle - "The Old House at Home" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Yems (amateur vocalist); Thomas Shayle (amateur vocalist)

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (31 December 1845), 2 

Mr. Bennett's concert last evening went off in good style. His Excellency and most of our fashionables were present - in all perhaps two hundred. The glees were well executed, as were several songs, by Mrs. Murray, who, we were sorry to observe, was labouring under a severe cold, which took a little from the effect of her really sweet voice. One gentleman amateur was absent without leave, but another sang a song which we must not pass by unnoticed - "The Old House at Home." It was done with feeling, and it warmed the hearts of the company. The best piece of the evening was the Fantasia at the end of the first part by Mrs. Murray, and Mr. Bennett on the piano forte and violin. The arrangements were excellent; and we hope to see such entertainments a little more frequent than they have been.

"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian (2 January 1846), 3

On Tuesday evening, Mr. Bennett, assisted by the best musical talent in the colony, gave a concert in the large room behind the Free Masons' Tavern. The concert was attended by considerably more than two hundred persons, including a large number of country gentlemen, with their families, and of the haut ton and respectability of the city. His Excellency the Governor, who was kind enough to patronise the concert, arrived shortly after eight, and the performances immediately afterwards commenced. The principal performers, besides Mr. Bennett, were Mrs. A. J. Murray, Messrs. Ewens, Harward, Mitchell, Yems, and Hornabrook. Mr. Lee also gave his able assistance with the violin. The concert fully supported the reputation previously acquired by the various performers. We remarked that they played very well in time, which is a high excellence. The performances commenced with, the overture "Otello," by Rossini, which was followed by a number of glees and songs. The first part was concluded by a fantasia, piano, and violin, by Mrs. Murray, and Mr. Bennett, introducing airs from Rossini's celebrated opera of "William Tell." This was splendidly executed, and elicited much and deserved applause. We were sorry to understand that one of the gentlemen amateurs was prevented from attending, but Mr. Shayle fully made up for his absence, by kindly consenting to sing. He favored the company with two beautiful songs - "Happy Land," and "The Old House at Home," which were sung with very great taste, and were much applauded. The catch "Would you know my Celia's Charms," was uncommonly well performed, and was loudly encored. The performances closed with " God Save the Queen," sung with a loyalty and fervour, characteristic, we are glad to say, of this "happy land." We congratulate Mr. Bennett on the great success of his concert, and wish such pleasant meetings were more frequent.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hornabrook (amateur vocalist)

See also "LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (3 January 1846), 6 

"MUSIC", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (18 April 1846), 2 

We are informed that the musical world of Adelaide is shortly to receive an important addition in the person of Mr. J. H. Anderson, who has for some time been most creditably known in Van Diemen's Land as a professor of music. Mr. Anderson, we are informed, was a student of the Royal Academy of Music, Hanover-square, and is himself, both an excellent performer and a successful teacher of the delightful art. So that though we cannot expect to retain stars like those at present in Adelaide, the musical strength of the city will be great, and if our favorite, Bennett, and the few others who generally assist him, harmonize with the new comers, very excellent concerts may be anticipated during the approaching season.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Henri Anderson (musician, did not, in the event, come to Adelaide); "stars . . . at present in Adelaide" = Leopold Rawack (violin) and Julius Imberg (piano)

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (31 October 1846), 1 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE. Light-square, Adelaide.
OPENING NIGHT - Mr. Coppin most respectfully informs the ladies and gentlemen of Adelaide and its environs, that he has built (at a very considerable expense) a neat and elegant Theatre upon the premises of Mr. Solomon.
The plan (by Mr. Price, Architect) is superior to any Theatre in the colonies, and has been very ably and substantially executed by Messrs. Sheppard & Lines. It is capable of holding 700 persons, and will be found sufficiently ventilated.
All the available talent in Adelaide has already been engaged, in addition to a very superior company from the neighbouring colonies . . .
On Monday Evening, November 2nd, 1846, The curtain will rise to the "National Anthem" which will be sung by the Gentlemen of the Philharmonic Society, who have kindly given their valuable services on this occasion.
To be followed by an admired Vaudeville, entitled the KING AND THE COMEDIAN; or, The Monarch and the Mimic.
Naval Hornpipe by Mr. Jacobs.
After which, the laughable Interlude called the SPECTRE BRIDEGROOM; or, A Ghost in Spite of Himself.
Comic Dance by Mr. Douglas.
The whole to conclude with the musical Farce of the TURNPIKE GATE.
The Band will be under the direction of Messrs. Bennett and Lee.
Prompter, Mr. Douglass. Doors open at 7 o'clock, to commence at half-past 7. Dress boxes, 4s; lower boxes, 3s; pit, Second price at half past 9 - Dress boxes, 2s 6d; lower boxes, 1s 6d; pit, 1s.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); John Lewis Jacobs (dancer); James Augustus Douglass (actor, dancer); New Queen's Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"THE HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", South Australian (17 November 1846), 5 

THE anniversary of the establishment of the above popular and influential lodge of Odd Fellows was celebrated on Wednesday, by a grand dinner, to the members and friends of the Lodge, in the great room, behind the Freemasons' Tavern. About 170 gentlemen sat down to dinner . . . Brother Tolmer, on violin, accompanied by Brother Bennett . . .
[Glee - ] "Forresters Sound the Cheerful Horn" . . .
Comic song, by Mr. Coppin . . . Glee - "Willie Brewed a Peck o' Maut" . . .
Song, by Brother Yems - "Blue Violets" . . . [6] . . . Song, Brother Ewens - "The Cossack's Adieu" . . .
Glee - "Life's a Bumper" . . .

"THE THEATRE", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (19 December 1846), 2 

We had the pleasure of witnessing, for the first time, on Thursday evening, Bulwer's play of "The Lady of Lyons" . . . We must not omit to notice the musical portion of the entertainment. The "Posthorn Gallop," new to us in this remote corner, was excellent; and Mr. Macdonald's "solo" on the horn well worthy a trudge twice as far as from North Adelaide. Mr. Thompson's command over a difficult instrument - the violoncello - is very great. We regret that the accompaniment was so utterly detestable - out of time and out of tune - that we could nor follow him so closely as we could have wished. Surely neither Mr. Bennett nor Mr. Lee were in the orchestra. The murder was complete . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alexander McDonald (cornet); John Charles Thompson (violoncello)

"THE ORCHESTRA", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (26 December 1846), 3 

Mr. Bennett has stated to us that he was not in the orchestra of the theatre on the occasion referred to in our last; and that in fact he has now no longer any connection with the orchestral department of the theatre. Mr. Bennett has succeeded in organising an efficient orchestra, and continues, as heretofore, to devote his attention to private parties and practice.

"TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (2 January 1847), 3 

Sir - Observing an article in your journal, stating that Mr. Bennett had informed you he was not in the orchestra on the night of Mr. Thompson's last violincello solo, which called forth such a severe critique from your journal on the murder stated to have been committed by the orchestral accompaniment, I beg leave to state that so far Mr. Bennet was perfectly correct, that gentleman having been discharged by the proprietor a few nights previous, for neglect of duty. But I also beg leave to add that I was in the orchestra, and accompanied Mr. Thompson, of which I am not ashamed, and Mr. Thompson, who is the best judge, was as much surprised as myself at your unjust critique. The accompaniment was certainly thin, as I was the only person accompanying Mr. Thompson. Mr. Bennett has thus been very ready in endeavoring to criminate others, but he probably forgets he attempted to completely murder Mr. Thompson's first musical performance in this colony, by non-attendance to rehearsals, for which neglect he was very properly discharged, as previously referred to.
I am, Sir, yours obediently,
Leader of the Orchestra, New Queen's Theatre.
Mr. Bennett had nothing whatever to do with our notice of Mr. Thomson's performance. - ED.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (2 January 1847), 5 

The Governor's annual Ball on Tuesday, in commemoration of the establishment of the colony, went off with more than usual eclat. His Excellency was in high spirits and made a most agreeable host. The arrangements were excellent. The band, under direction of Mr. Bennett, was particularly good. We have heard it spoken of by many in the highest terms . . .

"RACE BALL", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (9 January 1847), 2 

The race ball on Tuesday night was numerously and fashionably attended . . . The Polka, which was introduced for the first time the other evening at Government-house, was danced frequently during the evening, and promises to become a favorite. Refreshments of every sort were abundant and excellent. The music disappointed us very much; and we trust Mr. Bennett - for his credit - will arrange that no such exhibition again takes place while be directs the orchestra.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (20 February 1847), 2 

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE, Will Re-open for the Season, On MONDAY next, February 22nd, 1847.
Previous to the performances, "God Save the Queen," by the Company. Opening Address by Mr. Deering.
After which, will be represented a romantic melodrama, entitled THE PHANTOM BRIDE; or, The Castilian Bandit.
The Sable Cymbal Player, by Mr. Howard. Irish Jig. by Mr. Carrol.
The performances to conclude with the laughable farce of THE YOUNG WIDOW; or, A Lesson for Lovers.
Leader of the Band, Mr. Bennett. Acting Manager, Mr. Thompson. Stage Manager, Mr. Deering.
Boxes, 2s.; Pit 1s. Doors open at 7. Curtain to rise at half-past.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Shinton Deering (actor, manager); Royal Adelaide Theatre (venue)

"MRS. MURRAY'S CONCERT", South Australian (2 March 1847), 4 

We regretted that we were compelled in our last to omit a notice of this concert, which was beyond dispute the best we have had in this colony. Mrs. Murray, the leading performer, the star of the evening, was in excellent voice, and notwithstanding the extreme heat, executed the numerous pieces with which she favored the company with uncommon taste and very considerable power. Among the many performers of great skill who assisted Mrs. M., we must particularize Mr. Bennett and Mr. Ewens as having equalled, if not surpassed any of their previous efforts. Mr. Witton, a new performer, was also a great acquisition. Messrs. Mitchell, Harward, Yems, and Hornabrook, sung, in their several parts, in good tune and with great taste . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry James Witton (musician); Mr. Mitchell (vocalist)

"THE GOVERNMENT GRANT FOR RELIGION OR EDUCATION", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (10 April 1847), 2 

THE Reports of the religious communities who have accepted the grant in aid of religion or education our readers will find published in our summary of the proceedings of the Legislative Council . . . The only plain and undisguised item among the whole is the charge of "£21 10s for the Choristers attending the choir in the Catholic Church." We do not venture to pronounce whether this charge belongs to religion or to education; but it is at least honestly and distinctly stated, and we would suggest, considering the asthmatic condition of the instrument in Trinity Church, that it be taken as a precedent for a charge on the next half-year's account for the Church of England -
"To a new box of whistles, for Mr. Bennett, organist of Trinity - £105" . . .


We are happy to announce that the most complete and successful preparations have been made for the Concert to be given this evening by the Adelaide Choral Society, at the Great Room, Freemasons' Tavern. There have been about twenty rehearsals; and we can testify that the performances will be on a greater scale, and with greater effect, than any yet given in the colony. Four professional musicians - Mr. Bennett, as leader; Mrs. Murray, at the organ; Mr. McDonald, on the cornopean; and Mr. Thompson, on the violoncello will give their services, and they will be assisted by no less than 25 to 30 amateurs. The Coronation Anthem, Handel's Messiah, and several pieces of Hadyn and Mozart, will be performed. Judging from the rehearsal of these, we can safely promise that this concert will equal the highest expectations . . .

"Local News", South Australian (27 August 1847), 3 

A concert was given on Tuesday night, by the Adelaide Choral Society, in the great room at the Freemason's Tavern (gratuitously lent by Mr. Robinson), in aid of the fund for the relief of British and Irish destitution. The attendance was even over large, and some, we understand, were unable to obtain admittance. There were about thirty performers, vocal and instrumental. The pieces were chiefly selected from the Messiah, with the addition of some of Haydn's, Mozart's, Pergolese's, and Beethoven's. The performance reflects great credit on - the ladies and gentlemen who have at once aided a charitable object, and afforded to their fellow colonists the means of passing a most delightful evening. The organ, kindly lent by Mr. Randal, was well played by Mrs. Murray, who also sang, with her usual good taste and lady-like style, some beautiful solos. We were sorry to observe that she, as well as several of the other performers, was suffering under a severe cold. Mr. Bennett was leader, and deserves the highest credit for the efficient arrangement of the chorusses. Two other ladies sung solos, as did some gentlemen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Randall (organ builder)

"Local News", South Australian (24 September 1847), 3 

The remains of the late Mr. Payne were attended to the grave on Wednesday by his brother Odd Fellows. Those of the Adelaide Lodge walked to the Hope Lodge, where they were joined by a large number of brothers - the whole proceeded to the residence of the deceased, and followed the corpse through Pulteney, Rundle, Hindley, and Morphett-streets, to Trinity Church, where the funeral service was performed, and an anthem sung by Messrs. Bennett, Mitchell, and Harward . . .

[News], South Australian Register (13 October 1847), 3 

The amateur performance for the benefit of the Odd fellows school came off last night in the New Queen's Theatre, which was crowded to excess, there being no less than 500 persons present. The performances, upon the whole were far better than had been anticipated from the multiform description of the intended actors; the thronged audience appeared unanimously to be highly pleased with the evening's amusements; and Mr. Deering deserves great credit for his judicious arrangement of such anomalous materials. Two glees - "Here in Cool Grot," and "Mynheer Vandunk," were sung with admirable taste by Messrs. Ewens, Mitchell, Yems, Harwood, and Hornabrook, accompanied in first-rate style by Mr. Bennett, who very kindly volunteered his able assistance on the occasion. Mr. Tolmer performed a solo on the violin with exquisite sweetness; and Mr. Thomson another on the violencello which gave full satisfaction. The proceeds of the evening were reckoned to be about £70.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (15 December 1847), 4 

St. John's Church was reopened last Sunday morning . . . The congregation was but small, owing to the extreme heat, of the day, and Trinity Church not being closed, as had been at first arranged. The music was magnificently conduced by Mr. Bennett, with his rich-toned harmonia [sic, harmonium], and the singing finely performed by Messrs. Ewens, Mitchell, Yams [sic], Harward, and Hornabrook, who kindly volunteered their services for the occasion. The public of Adelaide are certainly indebted to these accomplished singers for the numerous instances in which they have aided benevolent purposes by their talents . . .

"CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian (22 February 1848), 2 

We are much gratified to hear that the encouragement given to this excellent society, is becoming in some degree proportioned to its deserts. The members, gratified no doubt by the well-earned praises of so large and respectable an audience as was present at the last concert, are acting with increased spirit. The valuable services of Mr. Bennett have been permanently secured, and there is little doubt that each new display will be an improvement on its predecessor . . .

[News], Adelaide Observer (22 April 1848), 2 

The Concert, got up to assist in defraying the cost of the organ and gallery for St. John's Church, took place on Wednesday evening last, in the New Collegiate School-room in Pultney-street. The attendance, though not so large as might have been anticipated, for the occasion, and the expected treat, was nevertheless highly respectable; and the whole affair went off with considerable eclat. His Excellency the Governor (accompanied by several ladies and gentlemen) honoured the performance with his presence. The School-room afforded ample accommodation, in point of space; but was, from its unfinished state, in some measure detrimental to the effect of the music. The organ, which has been built by our clever fellow-colonist, Mr. Samuel Marshall, of Currie-street, and which reflects great credit upon his ingenuity and skill, was opened by a Voluntary performed by Mr. Bennett, the leader of the Concert, with his accustomed good taste. The tones of the instrument were rich and full, and altogether, under circumstances, exceeded our expectations. The Venetian Swell, however, will, we think, be indispensably needed to perfect this work of colonial artizanship. Handel's Coronation Anthem followed, and was executed with considerable precision, the vocal parts being undertaken for the first time in the colony. The several solos, by Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Jones, and Mrs. Bushell were sung with good effect. Of Mrs. Murray's execution we need only say that it was, as usual, in the purest taste. Mrs. Jones's voice was loud and distinct, and pleased us exceedingly; and Mrs. Bushell's beautiful solo, "'Tis Liberty," was so admirable, that we regretted it was the only" one allotted her for the evening. With a little more cultivation, we shall be surprised if this lady does not take a prominent place among the vocalists of our Australasian Continent. Mr. Burford's alto voice, though sweet, was unsuited to the place. The choruses were generally well performed. We would especially notice "All we, like sheep." The Allegro movement was well sung, and the fine and difficult Adagio well sustained, giving good effect to the entire piece. The "Grand Hallelujah Chorus" has never been better performed in Adelaide. The time, throughout the Concert, was excellent. The Choral Society are entitled to many thanks for their great exertions to gratify the public taste. Their conduct or this occasion was most decorous and gratifying.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Marshall (organ builder); Rebecca Bushell (vocalist); William Henville Burford (vocalist)

"CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (27 May 1848), 3 

On Thursday evening the Choral Society gave another concert at the "Freemasons' Tavern," and, notwithstanding the unfavorable state of the weather, the darkness of the night, and the mud and water that assailed the pedestrian, whatever way he attempted an approach, it was numerously and respectably attended. It is with great pleasure that without compromising our judgment or forgetting onr recollections we can speak most favorably of the performances. The overtures were well executed, particularly those to "Tancredi" and "Fra Diavolo." The time was excellent, as also the accuracy of execution, showing that the performers have benefited by the instructions of their leader, Mr. Bennett, and that he has worked well in his engagement. Among the vocal pieces we feel bound to notice Mrs. Murray's scena from "Der Freischutz" - we have seldom heard her sing better. Mrs. Bushel deserves also particular notice; a little more confidence, and a little more practice in adapting her sweet voice to a large audience, will make it a yet greater treat to hear her. The glees were nearly all very well performed. The fine old glee of Webbe's - "Come live with me" - was a bold attempt, but was, on the whole, very well executed. We cannot refrain from wishing the Choral Society good speed, and we heartily recommend it to the public for the patronage it deserves. Surely it is a matter worthy of praise to the individuals who have thus catered for the pleasure of all lovers of music, that, occupied as the majority of them are, in the ordinary pursuits of business, they have had the spirit, taste, and perseverance to devote themselves to the cultivating of one of the great refinements of social life; and we take it as something to the credit of the colony, that so many should thus, by their example, direct their fellow colonists to one way of spending their leisure hours in a rational and tasteful recreation, instead of seeking the degrading pleasures of the gin-shop. It is a lesson that may be studied, and profitably learned by more grades than one amongst us.

[News], South Australian Register (15 July 1848), 2 

We had the courage to venture into the Royal Exchange Room on Tuesday evening last, for the purpose of attending the Quarterly Concert of the Choral Society; and if sweet sounds and brilliant execution could subdue the feeling of insecurity which from time to time came over us, and make us forgetful of the chilly nature of a large and almost empty hall at this season of the year, we should have been fully gratified. It is pleasant to mark the progress of the Society from quarter to quarter in the acquisition of musical knowledge, and considering that the members are all fully engaged in their business pursuits, such progress is really wonderful, and reflects great credit on their conductor, Mr. Bennett. Mrs. Bushel, under the tuition of Mrs. Murray, has surprisingly improved, both in tone and execution, and bids fair to become the sweetest cantatrice of the Southern Hemisphere. Where all is done nell it is difficult to say which is best, and in criticizing the performances of an amateur society like the present, it would be invidious to point out particular excellences; but we cannot deny ourselves the pleasure of mentioning the duett of Mrs. Murray and Mr. Bennett, Piano and Violin; the song, "Oh! after many roving years," by Mrs. Bushel; the "Recitative," by Mrs. Murray; the "Sleep, gentle lady;" and the "Overture to Tancredi," as the most brilliant achievements of the evening.

"THE ROYALTY TAX OPPOSITION", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (5 August 1848), 3-4 

It having been determined to celebrate by a public dinner the completion of the process by which the illegality of the Royalty impost was established, a large party of the colonists assembled on Thursday evening, in the great room of Messrs. Elder's late store, in Hindley-street . . . About one hundred and thirty gentlemen - as many as the tables would accommodate - were present. The dinner and wines, provided by Mr. Coppin, of the "Auction Mart Tavern," were in the style of excellence usual to that establishment; and the musical department, led by Mr. Bennett, in the best taste, added much to the enjoyment of the evening . . .
Glee - How should we Mortals spend our days . . . Glee - Hail, Smiling Morn . . . Glee - The Zephyr . . .
Glee - The huge Globe has enough to do . . . Glee - Here in good grot . . . Glee - Oh, Willie brew'd a peck o' maut . . .
Glee - Push the red wine about . . . [4] . . . Glee - Here's a health to all good Lasses . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (18 August 1848), 1 

Mr. BENNETT, ORGANIST, begs respectfully to announce to the Public generally, that he has removed to Town, and is prepared to give Lessons in Singing, on the Organ, Pianoforte, Violin, &c. &c.
Mr. B. also wishes to state, that in conjunction with Mr. Marshall, Organ Builder, they are prepared to Tune and Repair Organs, Pianofortes, and other Musical Instruments.
[manicule] Orders left at Mr. Bennett's, near the Freemasons' Tavern; or Mr. Marshall, Currie-street, will be promptly attended to.

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (20 November 1848), 2 

On Tuesday evening last, this highly deserving society gave its long-announced concert, in the Hope Lodge Room, at the Freemasons' Tavern. The room was about two-thirds full, and but for the exceeding tempestuousness of the weather, would doubtless have been crowded. Lady Young honoured the concert with her presence, and appeared much pleased with the performances, which went off with much spirit. Mrs. Murray sang her two songs - "From mighty kings" and "On mighty pens" - and the principal solos in the concerted pieces - with her habitual grace and feeling, and was warmly applauded, especially in "On mighty pens" and in Novello's beautiful Motett "To thee, O Lord," which were beautifully given. Mrs. Bushell sang two songs from Jeptha with much taste and sweetness, and does much honor to her instructors. The choruses were both well sung and accompanied, but it is to be regretted that the singers were not more numerous. Choruses gain much in their effect by being sung by many voices. A chorus sung by six, and one sung by sixty, produces a very different impression. Mr. Bennett led with his usual precision and firmness, but had his temper not a little tried by his fiddle-strings, which would rupture during every piece performed. We cannot close our notice, without expressing our delight in hearing Haydn's Quiniett, which opened the second part of the evening performances - one of those charming morceaux of musical gossip for a party of five, which even the least acquainted with music must be delighted to listen to. The musician, who can follow the design of the composer, has, of course, increased gratification. In consequence of the roughness of the weather, the concert was repeated to a very crowded audience on Friday evening, when his Excellency the Governor, and all the elite of Adelaide attended. The performances went off better, if possible, than on Tuesday . . .

"FREEMASONRY", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (16 December 1848), 3 

On Tuesday, a numerous and respectable body of the mystic craft assembled at the Temple Tavern to witness the installation of Mr. Lazar into the chair of the United Tradesmen's Lodge for the ensuing year . . . Mr. George Bennett acted as Provisional Grand Organist. An appropriate anthem was chanted in very good style . . .

"COMMEMORATION BALL", South Australian (29 December 1848), 3 

The assembly to commemorate the Proclamation of the colony, was attended last night by about 300 ladies and gentlemen. It went off m the best style. His Excellency the Governor, Lady Young, and a rather unusual number of the old colonists were present . . . The band, led by Mr. Bennett, was excellent, and the entire arrangements good . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 January 1849), 2 

AT the Annual Meeting of the Subscribers, held at the "Freemasons' Tavern," on Tuesday evening, the 9th January, 1849 (Dr. Wyatt in the chair), the following reports and accounts were submitted, and ordered to be published: . . .

Balance Sheet for the year ending 31st December, 1848 . . .
- George Bennett - 87 12 0 . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (1 February 1849), 3 

The quarterly Conversatione of this Institution was held in the new Exchange on Wednesday evening last . . . The evenings' entertainment commenced with the band, led by our talented musician, Mr. Bennett, performing the ouverture to Tancredi, which, owing to the want of flutes and basses, was not so efficiently executed as usual . . . In the course Of the evening Mr. Tolmer favored the assembly by performing the Queen's March and the Stop Waltz upon the violin with piano-forte accompaniment by Mr. Bennett. Mr. Tolmer's correct taste and fine ear have always ensured his amateur performances a most favorable reception; and upon this occasion he was loudly and deservedly encored. Mrs. Murray was, as usual, deservedly applauded. A new song, sung by her called "Summer Time," set to a sweet and simple air, was justly appreciated. Two songs in the German language were sung by Mr. Fischer, accompanied on the piano-forte by Mr. Seyler . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Fischer (vocalist); Albert Seyler (pianist)

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (24 February 1849), 3 

The quarterly concert of this society took place last evening in the New Exchange Room; and a very brilliant affair it certainly was in all respects. The attendance was numerous, and the discreet bestowal of applause by the audience in most instances satisfied our mind that it was composed of persons not merely "fond of music," but also well acquainted with the delightful science. The bill of fare, except one or two trashy songs, was a good one; but two such overtures as the "Preciosa" and "Cenerentola" were enough to try the nerves of an orchestra of much larger practice and pretension than one chiefly composed of amateurs could reasonably be supposed to possess. The overture to "Preciosa" in particular was a daring flight. Weber himself always maintained that its full meaning was never either understood or expressed; and, no doubt, to those who have had the high pleasure of hearing it played with all the con amore feeling which the direction of the great composer himself inspired, the performance of last night did not quite realise their ancient recollections; but it was, nevertheless, done with great spirit and correctness, and evinced throughout that it had been carefully studied. Our old favourite "Bragela" went off uncommonly well, as also did most of the glees, except "Lo! the early beam of morning" which though one of the simplest, was perhaps the least successful of the evening. T. Cooke's song "The Holly" was given in first-rate style by Mr. Bancroft, who manages a mellow rich toned voice - not of exceeding power, in the most effective manner. A duett by Mr. Bennett, the leader, and Mrs. Murray on the piano. "Vien qua Dorina bella" was cleverly played. The "Echo Song" was not to our taste - few voices can achieve the final cadence. "My Happy Home!" was sung by Mrs. Bushelle so pleasingly as to merit an encore. This lady possesses a sweet voice, and is evidently capable of much more than she aspires to. Her diffidence affects her articulation, and she would do well to take "a good heart" and pay a little more attention to the correct English of her songs. The "Gipsey Chorus" from the "Bohemian Girl," of Balfe, was the choicest vocal performance of the evening, and we regret that the disposition shown by the audience to call for its repetition was not carried out. On the whole, however, the concert was as satisfactory to the listeners as it ought to be to the performers, and we trust the encouragement of last night will urge the society to even greater exertions.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Bancroft (vocalist)

"AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (24 February 1849), 2 

ON Thursday the Annual Show of corn, fruits, and colonial productions took place . . . ample space and accommodation were afforded to the visitors, of whom no less than two thousand one hundred and forty-two paid for admission. An excellent band, led by Mr. Bennett, played favorite airs at intervals, and we heard at some distance another set of musicians (Germans, we understood) enlivening the folks outside by well-played polkas and waltzes . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (5 March 1849), 2 

In our notice of this Society on Monday last, we were betrayed into the inadvertence of stating Miss La Vence to be one of Mrs. Murray's pupils in singing, instead of Mr. Bennett's . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma La Vence (vocalist)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 March 1849), 1 

THE MANAGER has much pleasure in announcing that the performance on
Thursday Evening, March 8th, will be under the Distinguished Patronage of
THE FREEMASONS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA, who will appear in full regalia,
upon which occasion will be presented Weber's Opera of
DER FREISCHUTZ, with the original overture.
The Orchestra will be conducted by Mr. Bennett, who has kindly volunteered his services (for this night only);
Mr. Lee will also preside, and several additional performers . . .

"ASSEMBLY AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (9 June 1849), 3 

On Thursday evening last Sir Henry and Lady Young gave a grand ball and supper to the principal inhabitants of Adelaide and environs in honor of her Majesty's birthday . . . Dancing commenced soon after ten in the drawing-room, under the musical direction of Mr. Bennett, assisted by a very efficient band . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (11 August 1849), 3 

The quarterly Conversazione of this popular institution was held on Thursday evening last at the Exchange . . . Dr. Eades proceeded to deliver a highly interesting lecture on the functions of the human ear, more particularly in reference to sound . . . But the leading characteristic of the meeting was the admirable music which followed. Nothing in the style of a concert, which we remember, is to be compared with this treat in the evening's entertainments. When we say that Mrs. Murray played upon the piano forte, and was in excellent voice; that Mr. Wallace was not niggardly with his bow; that our old musical friend Mr. Bennett never charmed the ear more successfully; that Mr. Ellard, amongst other contributions to the harmony of the evening, sang - "Ketty Creagh;" and that to the gratuitous services of these leading professionals were added the musical talents of Francis S. Dutton. Esq., and Dr. Kent, we have said enough . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Spencer Wellington Wallace (musician); Frederick Ellard (musician)

"BIRTHDAY OF THE PRINCE OF WALES", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (10 November 1849), 3 

Last night his Excellency the Governor and Lady Young gave a grand Ball and Supper on the occasion of the Birthday of the Heir apparent . . . Upwards of two hundred and fifty ladies and gentlemen were present. The quadrille band, conducted by Mr. Bennett, was exceedingly effective. Several new pieces, polkas and waltzes - new at least in South Australia - were cleverly performed. The party did not break up till three o'clock this morning.

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (1 August 1850), 3 

The Concert of the Adelaide Choral Society took place, yesterday evening, in the New Exchange, but owing to the roughness of the weather the attendance was very limited, there being only one hundred and twenty persons present, including, however, His Excellency, Lady Young, Bishop Short, and a large proportion of the elite. The music, in general, was very good. The first overture, and glee, and chorus, gave entire satisfaction; but "England's Own True Blue," sung by Mr. Berry, was far below mediocrity. "Here in Cool Grot," was fairly sung, but the accompaniment, by Mr. Bennett, was really beautiful . . . In the Madrigal, "Down in a Flowery Vale," Bancroft's voice told well. The Symphony from Haydn was creditably played, but the audience seemed to consider its length rather tedious . . .

"ANNUAL DINNER OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", Adelaide Times (31 October 1850), 3 

The annual dinner of the Hope Lodge of the Manchester Unity of Odd Fellows took place last evening at the Freemason's Tavern. The room was not by any means so full as on the same occasion last year, a fact which may he attributed to the excessive heat of the day . . . The cloth having been drawn . . . The toast having been drunk, the National Anthem was beautifully sung by Messrs. Mitchell, Harwood [sic], and Charles Walsh, accompanied, on the piano by Mr. Bennett, with cornet-a-piston obligato by Messrs. Harwood, Jun. and McCullagh . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Walsh (vocalist); William Harward (cornet); Robert McCullagh (cornet)

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (14 March 1851), 3 

A numerous though not an overflowing company welcomed Madame Francesca Allen, on Wednesday evening, and certainly a first appearance could hardly have been more successful. The fair debutante depends less on any high pretension to science than on a sweet, clear, and flexible voice, distinct intonation, and an arch, lively style, which form a very pleasing tout ensemble . . . She was accompanied by Mr. Bennett on the piano forte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francesca Allen (vocalist)

"OLD COLONISTS' FESTIVAL", Adelaide Times (28 March 1851), 3 

Great preparations have been making for weeks past, for a Festival of the Old Colonists, dating back as far as the end of 1840 . . . The Festival came off yesterday in a capacious pavilion erected at the rear of the City Bridge Hotel, and between that and Trinity Church . . . At the Eastern end was placed the orchestra, composed of the Adelaide Amateur Band, under the able direction of Mr. Bennett, who acquitted them selves with the greatest credit, and tended, in no small degree, to give a liveliness to the whole proceedings of the evening . . . During the dinner, the band, under Mr. Bennett's direction continued to enliven the repast, by various cheerful airs, familiar to most of those present . . . The South Australian Anthem was sung by Mr. Walsh. This is a beautiful air, composed by Mr. George Bennett, and the excellent style of Walsh's singing secured it an encore. The words were as follows:-

Composed by Mr. George Bennett, expressly for this occasion.

Let all our cares and griefs be drowned!
with joy let every bosom bound!
Voices and instruments resound!
It is our festal day!
A realm embracing every sky,
O'er which broad day doth never die,
From every shore sends forth the cry,
"Victoria, our Queen!"
God save the Queen! God save the Queen!
Shout, 'mid Australia's festive scene,
God save the Queen!

Asia, Columbia, Afric's plain,
The loveliest isles which stud the main,
In Britain's tongue take up the strain,
Greeting Britain's Queen:
Then let us of this Southern shore,
Shout from our bosom's inmost core,
Till back yon hills our plaudits pour,
God save the Queen!
God save Victoria! God save the Queen!
Bright be her days as they have been!
God save the Queen.

"OLD COLONISTS' FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (28 March 1851), 2

. . . Mr. Walsh sung, in fine style, the following piece, composed expressly for the occasion by Mr. George Bennett: . . . Mr. Walsh was rapturously encored, and the Anthem was again sung, the intrinsic merit of the music exciting very general admiration . . .

"CONCERT AT GAWLER TOWN", South Australian Register (26 April 1851), 2

Mr. Bennett's Concert at the Court-House, Gawler Town, on Wednesday evening, was well attended, and gave much satisfaction. Madame Allen was rapturously received in one or two of her favourite songs, and Mr. Walsh was very effective in his "Tubal Cain," "Old Colonists' Song," and "Anthem." We would recommend Mr. Bennett, in his next concert in Gawler Town, to be more liberal in his programme, and introduce more concerted vocal pieces.

"KOORINGA CONCERTS", South Australian Register (30 April 1851), 3 

Mr. George Bennett's concert on Friday the 25th instant, at the Burra Hotel, Kooringa, was well attended. The programme was judiciously selected, including the favourite "Old Colonists' Song," "Adelaide Polka," and Jetty Treff's celebrated song, "Trab, Trab, Trab," as well as many other charming songs, duets, and an overture, all of which gave the utmost satisfaction to the auditory . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jetty Treffz (Austrian vocalist, first wife of Johann Strauss Ii)

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER OF THE OLD COLONISTS", Adelaide Observer (3 April 1852), 6 

. . . Mr. Bennett gave the Old Colonists' Song on the piano, in his own style, and where can von find a better? . . . After several other toasts, interspersed with some excellent songs by Mr. Harwood [sic, Harward], Mr. Gouge, and others, accompanied on the pianoforte by the inimitable Geo. Bennett, The Chairman left the chair . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Apollos Harrison Gouge (amateur vocalist)

"LOCAL COURT. ADELAIDE. . . . Wednesday, 18th August . . . BENNETT V. FOREMAN", South Australian Register (19 August 1852), 3

For £30, damages sustained by an assault.
Mr. Smith, for the plaintiff, called William Goss, surgeon - Knew the plaintiff, Mr. George Bennett; examined him on the 23rd July last at Thebarton; his upper lip had a considerable cut, and he had lost some of his teeth; the injury was apparently from a violent blow. Continued to attend him till, the 8th or 9th of August. Charged him two guineas and a half. Had understood that he was a professor of music; supposing him to be a singer, the loss of the teeth would affect his voice. Had not the least idea of the cost in Adelaide of replacing teeth.
By the Judge - Did not examine the mouth very closely so as to ascertain the number of missing teeth, as he was unwilling to disturb the wounded lip.
Patrick McCarron, publican, Thebarton, knew the plaintiff, who was a musician, and had a piano of his own; it was brought to witness's house, and was there on the 23rd July. Knew the defendant, who was a butcher, and had lately returned from the gold-fields. Plaintiff and defend and were at his house on the 23rd July. Plaintiff asked permission to go up stairs and play a tune. Defendant, Reuben Taylor, and William Armour went up with him, and plaintiff began to play one or two tunes; he came down stairs to invite some others, then went up again; heard that they were quarelling, and went up. Defendant was holding plaintiff by the hair of his head, and striking him on the face with his right hand. Plaintiff's mouth and nose were bleeding, and he seemed quite in the other's power; parted them, but defendant still held plaintiff by the hair. When the latter got loose, he came down stairs, and defendant followed. The window and several articles of furniture were broken. When witness got down, Bennett had left the house.
Jane Dowding deposed that she was a married woman, living at the house of the last witness; was there on the 23rd July; saw the plaintiff outside the house between 8 and 9 o'clock at the back kitchen door; opened the door and observed that his nose was bleeding. About a couple of minutes Foreman came out and caught hold of Bennett, and they fell down into the dirt together saw no blows struck, but heard some swearing. They were nearly a quarter of an hour on the ground; went in to her child and left them. Mentioned it to a gentleman named Thompson, who went out to them. He had gone away since to Melbourne. Bennett came into the kitchen after wards and washed the blood away from his face.
By Mr. Parker - Mr. Thompson tried to separate them.
George Bennett, the plaintiff, sworn - Was a music master by profession, and taught singing also. First saw the defendant in the room up stairs while he was playing the piano. He came into the room, but was not of witness's party. Was playing a polka, and defendant began dancing very noisily, and stamping with his heels. Said to him, "Can't you dance lighter," thinking he would wake the children, and walked across the room gently to show him how he should step. Went down to invite two friends, but returned, as he heard the piano sounding. Saw the defendant thumping it, and thinking he would break the hammers, said "Don't knock that too hard, you'll knock it all to pieces." Defendant instantly struck him on the head, giving him a black eye. He struck him several more blows on the face, holding him by the hair all the while. Tried to avoid him by getting behind the table, and asked the others to interfere, which they would not do. McCarron tried to part them, and both were dragging at his hair. Went down stairs; and heard Mrs. McCarron say to the defendant, "you shan't follow him, you shall rather beat me." He said he only wanted to apologise. Went in to the yard to get some water, and soon afterwards defendant came and knocked him down by a blow in the temple, then kicked him in the mouth, and fell upon him; he swore be would kill him, and took a glass bottle to strike him. Mrs. Dowding opened the kitchen door, and Mr. Thompson came out and separated them; lost five teeth by the kick and the blows; was not able to return to work till the 9th August; his voice remained so bad that he could not teach singing; might obtain fresh teeth from Mr. Norman, but did not know their expense. The wound in his lip was still painful, especially when there was a change of weather.
By Mr. Parker - Had not had his teeth examined by Mr. Noman on account of his lip being so painful; lost two teeth in front, besides one on the right side, and one on the left, a fifth on the right side was broken short off. Had seen Taylor at the Court that morning; did not know whether Armour was summoned; was not very often engaged to play at public-houses; had had nothing to drink that day; was temperate generally when he could be; was not pulled, but knocked down by the defendant; could not say how long he was on the ground, as the first blow nearly stunned him, and the kick made him much worse. Could not swear which struck first in the room, Foreman or himself.
By Mr. Smith - Foreman's passion was such that he rushed at him like a little steam-engine; put out his arm to defend himself, and might possibly have touched him first, but not by way of attack.
Mr. Smith said it would be necessary, as the defendant had been held to bail, to show that he was intending to leave the colony. He therefore recalled Patrick McCarron, who deposed that he gave Mr. Bennett information of the defendant's intention to go away, having heard of it from Mr. John Taylor of Thebarton.
By Mr. Parker - Did not observe that the defendant had a black eye after the disturbance.
Mr. Parker remarked that there ware several discrepancies between the evidence of Mrs. Dowding and that of the plaintiff himself. He would show by the testimony of the defendant that it was Bennett who struck the first blow and thus incurred whatever punishment he subsequently received. It was evident, however, from the evidence of Dr. Goss that the plaintiff's account of his injuries was very much exaggerated.
George Foreman, the defendant, deposed that when Bennett left the room he sat down in his seat, and began to play the piano; Bennett came running up stairs, and knocked him off his seat, by a blow on his left eye, which was black for a week afterwards. Jumped up, and hit him again; he closed with him, and they remained fighting for a couple of minutes. Saw him afterwards in the yard and spoke to him; they scuffled about together and both fell down; struck him with his fist while he was standing up, but not when he was on the ground; did not kick him: the quarrel began from Bennett's striking him at the piano; had no idea of going from the colony for the next six weeks or two months; never told Taylor or any body else that he was going at once.
George Head, storekeeper, Thebarton - Defendant had a Black eye the day after the disturbance, and it remained black for four days.
By Mr. Smith - Was one of the bail for the defendant's appearance. Was not aware that Foreman was a professional bruiser. Had served a subpoena upon Reuben Taylor.
Taylor was then called upon his subpoena. Defendant recalled by his honor - Bennett struck him with his right hand upon his left eye as he was sitting at the piano facing the wall. It was not a back-handed blow.
His Honor remarked that he did not see how that could well have been done.
Witness could not say what impulse took him into the back yard.
His Honor said the Court put out of question the first assault, as it was doubtful who struck the first blow, but looking at the second, it was undoubtedly committed by the defendant. The cost for the doctor had been &2 12s. 6d., and a permanent injury was occasioned to the plaintiff.
They thought £20 would be a reasonable compensation.
Judgment for £20 and costs.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 December 1852), 1 

CONCERT. MR. BENNETT begs respectfully to inform his friends and the public, his intention of giving a
CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, in the Large Room at the Freemason's Tavern, on THURSDAY EVENING, the 23rd December.
Overture - "Tancredi" - Rossini.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "Man the Life-Boat" - Russell.
Song, Miss Pettman - M.S.
Duett - Violin and Pianoforte - De Beriot.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "We are Boys together" - Russell.
Solo, Cornopean, Mr. McCullagh - "Love Not" - Norton.
Overture - "Montrose" - Bishop.
Song, Miss Pettman - M.S.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "The Slave Ship" - Russell.
Irish Comic Song, Mr. McCullagh - M.S.
Song, Miss Pettman - Russell.
Finale - "God Save the Queen."
Tickets 5s. each, to be had at the Freemason's Tavern, and of Mr. Bennett, Thebarton.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Pettman (vocalist)

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (7 September 1853), 3 

We are glad to hear that, by the exertions of a few spirited individuals, this Society has not only again come into existence, but that there is every probability of its being within a short space of time in as flourishing a condition as it was prior to the establishment of the gold-fields. There have been of late several committee meetings held at the Freemasons' Tavern, and on Monday evening last it was resolved that, on Friday evening next, the members should meet for the purpose of commencing practice. As a guarantee that the Society is likely to prosper, we may say that Dr. Kent, President to the Society, and George Stevenson, Esq., are actively engaged in their interests, and that Mr. George Bennett, the well-known pianist, has undertaken to take the lead of the band. We therefore hope to hear shortly that the Society will give the public the benefit of their talent by a good concert.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1854), 1 

Wakefield-street, corner of Divett-place. Harp, Violin, Violoncello and Guitar Strings. Pianofortes tuned.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (5 June 1854), 3 

On FRIDAY, the 9th inst., at the HALL of the FREEMASONS' TAVERN, Pirie-street;
On which occasion they will be kindly assisted by the Members of the
ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY, As also Miss Petman and Mr. J. W. Daniel.
1. Overture, "Semeramide" - Rossini.
2. Cavatina, "T'Abbrachio," Miss Chalker, with Flute Obligato - Rossini.
3. Solo and Chorus, "Come with the Gipsey Bride," Miss Chalker and Chorus - Balfe.
4. Song, " With rapture dwelling," Miss Pettman.
5. Glee, "Blow gentle gales" (three voices) - Bishop.
6. Song, "Wellington," Mr. J. W. Daniel.
7. "Song of the Danube," Solo and Chorus, Miss Chalker and Chorus - Glover.
An interval of 10 minutes.
8. Overture, "Cennerentola" - Rossini.
9. Duet, " The Sailor Sighs" (by particular desire) - Balfe.
10. "The Maid of Switzerland," Miss Pettman - Tulley.
11. Duet, "Deh mira quel fiore," Miss Chalker and Mr. J. W. Daniel - Gabussi.
12. Song "Madoline" - Nelson.
13. Song, " Friends of my youth," Miss Chalker
14. Solo and Chorus, "Far over hill and plain," Miss Chalker and Chorus - Cooke
Finale, " God save the Queen."
Price of admission, 5s. Tickets may be obtained at the following places: -
Platts's, Hindley-street; York Hotel; Napoleon Buonaparte; Mitchell and Snaith's, Leigh-street; Freemasons' Tavern; Miss Chalker, Hindmarsh-square; and Mr. Bennett, Wakefield-street.
Doors open at half-past 7; performance to commence at 8 precisely.
In consequence of the above taking place on Friday evening, the usual weekly practice of the Choral Society will be held on Thursday, the 8th instant.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (vocalist); Josiah Wyke Daniel (vocalist)

"GRAND MASONIC FESTIVAL", Adelaide Observer (1 July 1854), 8 

On Saturday last the various Lodges of Freemasons met at high twelve, at the Masonic Hall, North terrace, to celebrate the festival of St. John the Baptist, upwards of seventy being present . . . The cloth haying been drawn, the usual masonic toasts were honoured, interspersed and enlivened by songs and music. Brothers Lee, Bennet, and Smith, who gave their services, executed most delightfully upon the violin, piano, and bass, the charming overtures to Tancredi and Semiramide, and accompanied Brother Lazar in the celebrated buffo song from Cinderella, "Ye Tormentors." An excellent medley was also given by Brother Professor Lees; and several other vocalists contributed largely to the amusements of the evening . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John R. Smith (double bass or cello); Professor Lees and sons (entertainers, fl. 1853-55)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (14 July 1854), 1 

Under the patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Lady Young,
Subscribers of the above society are respectfully informed that the Second Concert
take place on Friday evening next, the 14th inst., at the Hall of the Freemasons' Tavern, Pirie-street.
1. Overture - Tancredi.
2. Madrigal - Down in a flowery vale.
3. Echo Song, with Flute Obligato.
4. Glee - Awake, AEolian lyre.
5. Glee - Peace to the souls of the heroes.
6. Solo and Chorus - They shall not have the Danube.
An interval of 10 minutes.
7. Overture - Fra Diavolo.
8. Fishermen's Glee -The Sun is Set.
9. Song - I love the merry sunshine.
10. Glee - Sleep, Gentle Lady.
11. Duet - Ah, se de mali miei. From the Opera of Tancredi.
12. Rule Britannia . . .
Leader, Mr. George Bennett.
W. COBBIN, SEN., Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Cobbin (secretary)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (3 August 1854), 3

EVENING CONCERT - Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Lady Young. MRS. EDWARD JUPP Has the honour to inform the residents of Adelaide generally, that her CONCERT of VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Will take place in MR. GREEN'S NEW EXCHANGE, King William-street, THIS EVENING, August 3rd, On which occasion she will he assisted by the principal members of the profession. PROGRAMME. PART I. 1. Overture, "Tubal," Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger (C. M. Weber) . . . PART II. 1. Overture to "Zampa," Mrs. Jupp and Mr. Bennett (Herold) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Jupp (pianist); Rebecca Young (pianist); Carl Linger (pianist)

Adelaide Hospital, admissions, 1857; State Records of South Australia, GRG78/49 (PAYWALL)

No. 345 / Bennett George / 37 / [admitted] 20 Sep. '54 / Death 22 Sep. '54 / Delirium Tremens / [born] Wiltshire / England / [residence in colony] 15 [months, recte years] / Musician / [admitted] By authority of Destitute Board

"DIED", South Australian Register (25 September 1854), 2

On the 22nd instant, Mr. George Bennett, nephew of the late Mr. Bennett, of Chichester, County Sussex, aged 37 years.

"THE LATE MR. BENNETT", South Australian Register (25 September 1854), 2

An obituary notice in our present publication records the decease of Mr. George Bennett, professional musician. He was a native of Wiltshire, and received his musical education from his uncle, the late Mr. T. Bennett, for many years organist of Chichester Cathedral, of which the deceased was in his youth a chorister. Mr. Bennett possessed an unusual degree of natural talent, which, combined with the teaching of a first-rate master, constituted him a leader of ability. He arrived in this colony by the Prince Regent in 1839, since which period, to within a few months of his death, he was, almost exclusively, the leader of all concerts and musical societies, both public and private, in the colony, and for the last year or two he was organist at the Wesleyan Chapel, Pirie street. Deceased was in the 37th year of his age. He has left a widow and one child, a boy about eight years old. The funeral will take place at the Cemetery this morning, at 11 o'clock.

"FUNERAL OF MR. G. BENNETT", South Australian Register (26 September 1854), 2

The funeral which took place yesterday at 11 o'clock, was numerously attended by the brethren in Freemasonry of the deceased and other mourning friends, to the number of sixty or seventy persons. As the procession entered Trinity Church, the symphony to Knapp's funeral anthem was performed by Mr. Daniel, who presided at the seraphine, and the service was read with due solemnity by the Dean. Pope's Ode was sung at the Church by members of the Choral Society and some pupils of the vocal class of Mr. Daniel.

MUSIC: Is there not an appointed time (funeral anthem by William Knapp; the "symphony" played was probably the opening chorus); Pope's ode = Vital spark of heavenly flame (by Edward Harward)

Bibliography and resources:

L. J. Ewens, Prince Regent: The barque Prince Regent, 395 tons, Capt. Evans, London to Port Adelaide, South Australia, June-September 1839; a record of some early South Australian colonists, her passengers (Adelaide: The Pioneers' Association of South Australia, 1960) (DIGITISED)

[14] George Bennett immediately upon arriving in Adelaide entered into partnership with Charles Platts, the Organist of Trinity Church, in a music shop in Crippen Street, behind the Church, and with Platts, arranged the first professional concert in Adelaide. They dissolved the partnership after a few months, and Bennett then devoted himself to teaching music. He married Elizabeth, daughter of William Homer (Eden, 1838), at Trinity Church, and at his death, at the age of 37, left a widow and a son, William George, aged 8 years.

Bennett was Adelaide's first Professor of music. He was a native of Wiltshire, and received his musical training and education from his uncle, Thomas Bennett, for many years Organist of Chichester Cathedral, in which Cathedral in his youth he was a chorister, as was his cousin, Alfred Bennett, who was later the Oxford University Organist, and a writer of Sacred Music. He possessed an unusual degree of natural talent which, combined with his first-rate education, constituted him a leader of ability. From his arrival, at the age of 22, to within a few months of his death, he was almost exclusively the leader of all concerts and musical events, both public and private in the Colony. He was prominent among the Oddfellows, and was Grand Lodge Organist in the Order of Freemasons, and also organist of the Pirie Street Wesleyan Church. He had a happy manner, a good trained voice, and was an excellent performer on the violin, piano and organ, and taught singing, and the playing of these instruments, to pioneers and their children over a period of fifteen years. In 1846 he was able to establish a Choral Society, and this continued under his direction for many years. On the occasion of the Old Colonists' Festival in 1851, he composed his "South Australian Anthem" and set it to music. It was sung by Mr. Clem Walsh [sic, correctly Charles Walsh (Pugh)], and a report stated that this beautiful tune was excellently sung, and the chorus heartily joined in by all present. Unfortunately the music has not been preserved, but the words were as follows:

Let all our cares and griefs be drowned in Joy,
Let every bosom bound, Voices and Instruments resound,
It is our festal day.
A realm embracing every sky, o'er which broad day doth never die,
From every shore send forth the cry, Victoria Our Queen,
God Save Victoria, God Save the Queen.
Shout mid Australia's festive scene, God Save the Queen.
Asia, Columbia, Afric's plain, the loveliest Isles that stud the Main,
In Briton's tongue take up the strain, greeting Britain's Queen.
Let us of the Southern shore shout from our bosom's inmost core
Till back yon hills our plaudits pour, God Save the Queen,
God Save Victoria, God Save the Queen,
Bright be her days as they have been,
God Save the Queen.

George Bennett died in September, 1854, and his funeral was from Trinity Church, where a large gathering attended, including sixty or more Freemasons. In the Church, Knapp's Funeral Hymn was played by Mr. J. W. Daniel, the Organist. Dean Farrell read the Service, and Pope's Ode was sung by members of the Adelaide Choral Society, and some pupils of the vocal class of Mr. Daniel.

[18] . . . George Bennett, the Music Master, was almost a protege of William Ewens, and had great encouragement from him in his vocal enterprises. Mr. Ewens, from his remarkable voice training as leader of a Cathedral choir and his easy delivery, was Bennett's greatest standby in public concerts and dinners, while in the singing of excerpts from Handel's Messiah and other classical work he stood far above any others in Adelaide. Ewens and Bennett joined the Oddfellows Society in 1842, and this fraternity did a great deal towards improving the musical appreciation of the settlers, Bennett's trio in particular being in very frequent demand. The Ewens family worshipped at Trinity Church until St. John's was opened in 1842, when William Ewens wrote "Bennett and I still attend Church there and give a hand in the singing" . . .

NOTE: The original newspaper reports of Bennett's funeral, see above, mention Knapp's funeral anthem (see above); his funeral hymn is a different work, My life's a shade

BENNETT, Horace (Horace BENNETT; alias of Henry Edwin BRIDGES)

Amateur pianist, arranger, entertainment venue proprietor, architect, builder, bigamist

Born Bocking, Essex, England, c. 1820; son of Thomas Bradley BRIDGES and Elizabeth LAMPRELL
Married (1) Harriet Eliza HUTCHINS, Old Church St. Pancras, London, England, 26 December 1840
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854
Married (2) Christian HINDES, Launceston, TAS, 11 November 1858
Married (3) Betsy Murray NICHOLSON (Mrs. DENNING), Rockhampton, QLD, 26 April 1871
Died Melbourne, VIC, 9 July 1892, aged "72" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE public list) (shareable link to this entry)


The varsovienne, or varsoviana, became a popular dance in London in the mid 1850s, and the earliest Australian editions of music for it were published in Sydney in 1857, by W. J. Johnson and J. R. Clarke.

The Nightingale varsoviana, honouring the heroine of the Crimea, Florence Nightingale, composed by John Harroway (d. 1857), was published in England in 1856. In Tasmania in July 1858, the architect Horace Bennett (an alias of Henry Edwin Bridges) published an edition of the title which he claimed to have "arranged for the piano forte". No copy of his edition is known to survive.

Bridges/Bennett's other interests included building, mining speculation, and public entertainment. His Hobart venue, the Polytechnic Bazaar, opened in 1862, but soon ran into trouble with the local authorities for failing to be sufficiently "select" in its clientele. Bennett contributed designs towards the roof of the Launceston Town Hall in 1864. Meanwhile, it also appears he contracted a bigamous marriage in Launceston in November 1858.


England census, 30 March 1851, Paddington, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1467/27/47 (PAYWALL)

3A Little Sussex Place / Henry Edwin Bridges / Head / 30 / Builder &c. / [born] Essex Bocking
Elizabeth / Wife / 30 // Thomas Hy. / Son / 8 // Frances / Daur. / 4 // [all 3 born Middlesex London]
Caroline / 2 / [born] Yorkshire Sheffield // Harriet / 7 months / [born] Midd'x London

Names and descriptions of passengers per Ballarat, from London, April 1854, for Port Phillip; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. Bridges / 28 // Mrs. Bridges / 26 // Miss Bridges / 16 // Miss Jane Bridges / 7 // Miss Caroline Bridges / 5 // Thomas Bridges / 12 . . .

"NEW INSOLVENT", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (25 September 1855), 4

Mr. Justice Therry yesterday accepted the surrender of the insolvent estate of Henry Edwin Bridges of 101, William-street, Sydney, builder. Liabilities, £3530 2s. 11 1/2d. Assets: value of real property, £176; personal property and moneys, £180; amount of debts due to insolvent, £2793 3s 6d.; total assets, £3149 3s. 6d. Amount of deficiency, £380 19s 5 1/2d. Official Assignee, Mr. F. W. Perry.

[Advertisement], Empire (6 October 1856), 1 

SCHOOL OF ARTS LECTURES. - On TUESDAY EVENING next, October 7, a Lecture will be delivered in the Hall of the Institution, by H. E. BRIDGES, Esq., Architect, on some of the Remarkable Phenomena of Light and Colour, with illustrations . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (27 May 1858), 3

Wanted a Large Room, OR, a HOUSE, or STORE, easily converted into a LARGE HALL for PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT.
Particulars to be forwarded to MR. HORACE BENNETT, 103, Collins-street.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (10 July 1858), 6

Just Published, Price 2s. 6d., The Nightingale Varsoviana.
THE original music of this favourite Dance may be had of Messrs. Walch, Atkins, and of other Booksellers.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (19 July 1858), 3 

Just Published, - Price 2s. 6d.
THE NIGHTINGALE VARSOVIANA being the original music of this new and favourite dance,
arranged for the pianoforte by Horace Bennett.
May be had of the principal music sellers of this city.

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Examiner (11 November 1858), 2

At Launceston, on the 10th instant, by the Rev. William Law, Horace Bennett, Esq., architect, of this city, to Christian, eldest daughter of the late Richard Hindes, of Hobart Town.

"EVENTS OF THE MONTH", The Advertiser [Hobart, TAS] (22 March 1862), 4 

There has just been completed a Polytechnic Bazaar, designed by Mr. Horace Bennett, an architect of this town, which will comprise promenade walk, music hall, and a large number of fancy stalls, &c.; it will be opened in about ten days from the present time.

[Advertisement], The Advertiser (25 March 1862), 4 

THE PUBLIC are respectfully informer that the Decorations of the Bazaar is now completed, and the Construction of the Music Hall sufficiently far advances to enable the Proprietor to open them for Public Promenade on SATURDAY evening next, March 29, 1862, when a performance of Miscellaneous Music by the Battallion Band [sic] will take place, and in order to add to the pleasure of Visitors dancing will be permitted . . .
Admission - One Shilling.
The opening of the Bazaar for the Sale of Fancy Goods, &c., will take place on Saturday, April 5, when a second performance of Orchestral Music will take place.
H. BENNETT, Proprietor. March 22.

ASSOCIATIONS: Hobart Volunteer Artillery Band (volunteer force)

[Advertisement], The Advertiser (8 April 1862), 4 

IN consequence of the unprecedented success of the opening, the Proprietor announces a repetition of the Entertainment under improved arrangements,
Two Masters of Ceremonies will superintend the Ball-Room arrangements.
Doors open at half-past 7. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock, and terminate at 11 precisely.
The Refreshment Bars are stocked with the choicest Wines, Spirits, &c. . . .
The Battalion Band and the String Band of Messrs. Dentith and Gagliardi will play on alternate nights.
[Manicule] The Entertainment on Thursday evening next will be for the benefit of the Benevolent Society.

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacinto Gagliardi (musician); Alfred Jackson Dentith (musician)

"MUNICIPAL COUNCIL . . . THE POLYTECHNIC BAZAAR", The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (17 June 1862), 3

The following report was brought up from the Police Committee and read. - The Committee entertain the hope, that the reports of the superintendent and Sub-Inspector of Police upon this place of public entertainment, and to the publicity given to the discussion thereon, will act as a salutary caution to unsuspecting females within the city, and recommend the continued and necessary surveillance of the police authorities to all places of public entertainment where morality is disregarded . . . Alderman CRISP . . . was glad now that Mr. Bennett was present to hear what he had to say on the matter. Mr. Bennet had put it before the public that the place was to be conducted in first class style, that no immorality was to he allowed, in fact, everything was to be quite select. However it appeared that selectness did not pay and so the place was conducted otherwise . . .

"POLYTECHNIC BAZAAR, HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (19 June 1862), 5

This place of amusement, conducted by Mr. Horace Bennett, late of this town, has been the subject of strong animadversion in the Municipal Council, Hobart Town. At the meeting of the Council on the 9th instant, a letter from the Superintendent of Police, complaining of the manner in which the Polytechnic Bazaar was at present conducted, and stating that it was a disgrace to the city, was read. Appended were a number of reports from Sub Inspector Dorsett, of his visits to the Bazaar, mentioning the names of several parties who were present dancing with prostitutes, and at one time playing cards with them. Alderman Cook said that it appeared from the report that the place had become a perfect hell amongst them. It was the resort of prostitutes, and young women who frequented such a place would lose their characters; and he knew of a young female who, had been dismissed from her situation for attending at the Polytechnic . . . The Town Clerk read a notice he had received from Mr. R. Fitzgerald, attorney to Mr. Horace Bennett. The notice was addressed to the Mayor, Alderman, and Citizens of Hobart Town, and set forth, in accordance with the statute, that at the expiration of one calendar month from the date thereof (16th June, 1862) he would cause a writ of summons to be sued out of the Supreme Court against them, at the suit of Horace Bennett, for that the said Mayor and Aldermen did, on the 9th June, 1862, at the Municipal Council, falsely and maliciously speak and publish of the said Horace Bennett "that he the said Horace Bennett had deceived the public by his advertisement, and established a den of infamy (hear, hear). That he would leave no stone unturned until the Polytechnic Bazaar was shut up; it was the hell of Hobart Town," to the damage of the said Horace Bennett of £1000 . . .

"INSOLVENCY COURT. THURSDAY, SEPT. 18", Launceston Examiner (20 September 1862), 2

In re Horace BENNETT, of Hobart Town, architect. Adjourned first meeting . . .

"MUNICIPAL COUNCIL. Monday, January 4th, 1864", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (6 January 1864), 5

. . . A memorial from Mr. Horace Bennett was received, in which he set forth that he had prepared the designs which were adopted by the late Council, and which are now being used for the erection of the new Town Hall, upon instructions which he had in his possession . . .

"A WILL CASE", The Mercury (9 December 1926), 3

. . . When it came to the distribution of the fund it transpired that Christian Quinn, then Christian Hindes, had gone through a form of marriage with Horace Bennett, an architect, of Launceston, on November 11, 1858, of which union there were born two children - Arabella Bennett and Christian Elizabeth Annie Bennett. After the birth of the second child, Christian Hindes found out that Bennett had previously been married, and that his wife was then living. She accordingly left Bennett, and on December 2, 1868, married Richard Quinn. The only information they had been able to obtain about the Bennetts was that Arabella Bennett went to Sydney about 42 years ago, and died about 37 years ago. She was believed to have been married, but nothing was known about her husband. Christian Bennett died a spinster on July 16, 1924 . . .

Musical concordances:

The Nightingale varsoviana and the Strauss varsoviana by J. Harroway (London: Davidson, [1856]) 

"The Nightingale varsoviana [by] J. Harroway, R.A.", in Davidson's band-part book (periodical series) (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], Illustrated Times [London, England] (15 March 1856), 16 (PAYWALL)

NIGHTINGALE VARSOVIANA, J. HARROWAY, as played by Adams's celebrated band, and the Strauss Varsoviana, the two for Sixpence, Nos. 801-2 of "Davidson's Musical Treasury," with elegant coloured engraving the Dance, and directions for dancing it.
19, Peter's Hill, St. Paul's. No extra for posting.

BENNETT, James [1] (James BENNETT)

Musician, vocalist, choral singer, choir member (St. James's Church, Sydney), convict, painter, glazier, plumber

Born England, c. 1797
Convicted London, England, 14 February 1821 (transportation, 7 years)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 December 1821 (convict per Minerva, from London, 26 July)
Died Sydney, NSW, 1 April 1828, aged "31" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Letter, from John Croker, Sydney, NSW, 19 January 1822, to Frederick Goulburn; Colonial Secretary's papers (Reel 6053; 4/1756 p.67), State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

Chief Engineer's Office, Sydney, 19th Jan'y 1822
Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 17th instant relative to some men who have made application to the Rev'd Mr. Hill to from a Musical Choir, in answer to which I beg leave to state for the information of His Excellency Sir Tho's Brisbane, that the request of the Rev'd Mr. Hill shall be complied with, the Services of the men not being particularly required on Fridays. I have the Honor to be, Sir, your humble Serv't
Jno. Croker, Ass't Eng'r.
To Major Goulburn, Colonial Secretary, &c. &c. &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Goulburn (colonial secretary); Richard Hill (chaplain); St. James's church (Sydney)

Letter, from Ralph Mansfield, Sydney, NSW, 22 February 1822, to Frederick Goulburn; Colonial Secretary's papers (Reel 6054; 4/1759 p.165), State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

Mission House, February 20, 1822.
Sir, Having been given to understand that my application to your office for a convict of the name of James Bennett, has been imputed to an artifice of which I consider myself incapable, I beg leave to correct the misunderstanding by a statement of the circumstance. -
The man in question was for many year an active and respectable member of the religious Community to which I have the honor to belong; and, ever since his conviction, has cherished a sanguine hope of enjoying the ordinances of religion among the Wesleyans of this Colony. With this in view he applied to me soon after his arrival, acquainting me with his history, and stating that the Reverend Mr. Hill wished him to join the choir of the new church; to which he has conscientious objections, and therefore importuned me to take him off the stores. Solely from a desire to secure to this unfortunate man the liberty of conscience (that dearest of all human rights) but without the remotest wish to thwart the plans of my Reverend friend, I was induced to make my [verso] application, trusting this explanation will fully vindicate the integrity of my motives.
I have the honour to be, with much respect, Sir, your most obedient and humble servant,
Ralph Mansfield.
To Major Goulburn, Colonial Secretary, &c. &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ralph Mansfield (Wesleyan cleric)

Letter, from Richard Hill, Sydney, NSW, 16 December 1824, to Frederick Goulburn; Colonial Secretary's papers (Reel 6053; 4/1756 p.67), State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

Sydney 16th Dec'r 1824
Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 15th ins't requesting, agreeably to the instructions of His Excellency the Governor, a report of the conduct of James Bennett, during the time he was employed in the Choir. I beg leave in reply to state that the final cause of his dismission was a fraud practised on the rest of the Choir. Two pounds ten shillings had been given to him to divide among them for singing at a funeral. Of this sum he kept back ten shillings, telling them only that two pounds had been allowed, and accordingly took his portion of the sum distributed. By this means he had 17/6 for himself, the others only 5/6 each.
I have the honor to be, Sir, Your most ob't h'b'l se'v't.
Richard Hill, Ass't Chaplain.
To Frederick Goulburn Esq'r., Colonial Secretary, &c. &c. &c.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 October 1824), 3 

JAMES BENNETT begs to acquaint the Inhabitants of Sydney, and its Environs,
that he has for SALE, at his Residence, No. 11, Pitt-street, a very large
ASSORTMENT of GLASS of all sizes, for picture frames, which is of a very superior quality.
Persons in need of such a commodity, will find this an advantageous opportunity of supplying themselves, as it can be disposed of at a very reasonable Price.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 December 1824), 4 

SIR, There is no doubt, Mr. Editor, that it is your duty to give publicity to grievances, which require only to be known to be remedied, and every patriotic person will laud your conduct with regard to Rubio's letter, complaining of the Post Office, or Augean stable as he calls it. I too, have to represent a nuisance from which every church-goer in Sydney suffers; and I use the means afforded by your Gazette of so doing convinced that the evil will be redressed, when one letter meets the eyes of the Reverend Personages under authority in this case.

The church singing is what I allude to. Even one who visits, or even passes our places of worship, will instantly perceive that this is a grievance which cries loudly, and in no ambiguous terms for amendment. Singing psalms is generally intended as a help to devotion, but in the Sydney churches it inspires nothing but disgust, weariness, and even ridicule. The truth is, that St. Cecilia has utterly denied her gifts to the performers, for they set at defiance all time and harmony. An assemblage of hogs would literally afford better music, at least they could not produce worse. I defy all the frying-pans, rams-horns, bagpipes &c. in the world, to combine more discordant sounds than proceed from the ill played bassoons, clarinets, and flutes, and the cracked and grating voices, which compose the orchestra in the churches. To crown the whole, as if there were not already enough of this horrid concert, at St. James's they have lately resumed the practice of chaunting the Te Deum, as a sort of chef-d'oeuvre, in villainous noise. - Truly, as I have sometimes heard it said, if an Italian lay buried within ten miles, he would rise from the dead to run out of hearing.

Christmas, Mr. Editor is very near, and it is to be presumed that the places of worship will then be better filled than usual. I hope sincerely therefore, by next Saturday, that those who have the power, will have seen the necessity of some alteration on the subject I now write about. It really is no trifling misery to musical ears, to be condemned to remain listeners to such singing - squalling I would say. Music, in the intervals of service, is universally considered desirable; but it, would be better to have nothing, than the detestable substitute which screams through our aisles every Sunday.

You will much oblige every friend to melody, Mr. Editor, by affording room in your columns for these remarks, particularly if they should be the happy means of procuring reform.

"POLICE OFFICE (THURSDAY)", The Australian (13 January 1825), 2 

James Bennett, a painter residing in George-street, professing to be a lover of sweet sounds, was deprived of his ticket of leave, for taking certain liberties with the choral department of St. James's Church, in a letter to the Editor of the Sydney Gazette, some few weeks since.

"POLICE OFFICE", The Australian (20 January 1825), 3 

James Bennett, mentioned under the head of our Police Report last week, was deprived of his ticket of leave for fraud and general misconduct.

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1825), 2 

In our contemporary of last week we were some what surprised on meeting with the following paragraph, in his Police report: -

"James Bennett, a painter residing in George-street, professing to be a lover of sweet sounds, was deprived of his ticket of leave, for taking certain liberties, with the choral department of St. James's Church, in a letter to the Editor of the Sydney Gazette, some few weeks since."

Were this report true, and had the Magistrates deprived the man of his liberty upon the only account stated as above, we have no hesitation in averring, that Bennett was unjustly dealt with; inasmuch as neither that individual, nor any other prisoner of the crown, was the author of the letter that appeared in our columns "some few weeks since," which was subscribed, "A Lover of sweets Sounds." But our contemporary, with a facility that reflects credit to his scholarship, takes the gentlemanly advantage, at the moment afforded, of trying to depreciate our Journal, at the expence of any poor fellow that may happen to come before the new Censorship of the Press, so recently established, but which will bring more odium upon our contemporary than he perhaps is aware of, unless such a practice is at once abandoned. The man, Bennett, we have learnt, held a ticket of leave at the instance of the Rev. Mr. HILL, so long as he continued a member of "the choral department of St. James's Church;" but, as he thought proper to relinquish the only condition upon which liberty was suspended, of course his ticket of leave was cancelled; - this is nearer the fact. Not that Bennett ever wrote a letter to the Editor of the Sydney Gazette; or that the Editor of the Sydney Gazette is in the habit of receiving correspondencies from any other writers but Gentlemen, and those generally scholars! We anticipate that Whitfield's case will be thoroughly explained by our contemporary of this morning - as nothing will afford more satisfaction to his Readers than for him to shew that he was no party to that transaction: - we wish him to maintain his credit with the Public. We think it rather unfortunate that our contemporary should bear so heavy upon ticket of leave men and prisoners of the crown, and where there is little or no occasion. He most certainly must forget that these men, at no remote period (to-morrow for aught he knows), may become invested with all the rights of free subjects; but, it is not improbable that his friendship for them is deferred till they become Emancipists and, then, he will advocate their cause. - Glorious independence, this! In our opinion, the man who would trample on the rights of a ticket of leave man, or the lowest prisoner of the crown, would just as soon, could his own private ends thereby be brought about, also as readily oppress the Emancipists. The latter should never forget, whilst a spark of humanity pervades their frame, that once they were in the condition of those who are now traversing the same thorny path to equal respect, and equal independence, with themselves.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 March 1825), 4 

LOST, between JAMES BENNETT's Painter, George-street, and the new House of R. CRAWFORD, Esq. Cockle-bay, a Patent PLOUGH DIAMOND; - Whoever has found the same, and will bring it to the undersigned, shall receive Two Dollars Reward.
JAMES BENNETT, Painter and Glazier.

Deaths in the district of Sydney, 1828; Biographical database of Australia (PAYWALL)

Died 1 April 1828 / James Bennett / 31 years / Painter and Glazier of York St, Sydney

Bibliography and resources:

James Bennett, Convict records 

BENNETT, James [2] (James BENNETT)

Musician, violin player, convict

Born Cork, Ireland, c. 1812
Convicted Surrey Quarter Sessions, England, 20 August 1832 (transportation, 7 years)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 March 1833 (convict per Andromeda, from England 13 November 1832)
Active Bathurst, NSW, June 1833
Active Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 1843 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Convict indents, 1833; Biographical database of Australia (PAYWALL)

James Bennett / Andromeda (2) / arrived 11 Mar 1833 / 20 / [Read and write neither] / Roman Catholic / Single / [born] Cork / Violin player / False pretences / Surrey Quarter Session / 20 August 1832 / 7 years / no previous convictions / 5 ft 4 1/2 in / Complexion: Dark and pockpitted / Eyes: Blue / Hair: Dark brown

"NEW SOUTH WALES", New South Wales Government Gazette (5 June 1833), 204 

[203] RETURN OF ALL MALE CONVICTS ASSIGNED AND TRANSFERRED IN THE MONTH OF MARCH, 1833 . . . [204] . . . 698. Bennett James, Andromeda, violin player, to A. K. McKenzie, Bathurst . . .

"BATHURST QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Herald (1 December 1834), 2 

James Bennett and Samuel White, assigned to A. K. Mackenzie, Esq., were charged with entering their master's store and draining a cask of wine of, its contents, by boring a hole therein. The prisoners had stolen about thirty gallons before their theft was discovered. - Guilty. To be transported for the term of five years.

"NOTICE", New South Wales Government Gazette (7 November 1843), 1466 

WHEREAS James Bennett, by the ship Andromeda, in 1833, under sentence for 7 years, who has been committed to take his trial for felony, effected his escape from the Gaol at this place on the night of the 27th instant, all Constables are hereby required to use their best exertions to apprehend and lodge the said James Bennett in any of Her Majesty's Gaols.
Description: - James Bennett alias Peter the baker, by the ship Andromeda, in 1833, about 33 years of age, dark complexion and pockpitted, dark brown hair, blue eyes, scar inside left wrist, several pockmarks back of both hands, two pugilists and J. M. J. B. upper right arm.
(Signed) JOHN C. WICKHAM, Police Magistrate.
Police Office, Brisbane, Moreton Bay, 28th October, 1843.

Bibliography and resources:

James Bennett, Convict records 


Musician, organist, pianist, music and instrument retailer, musicseller, watchmaker and jeweller

Born c. 1831
Active Albury, NSW, by 1857
Married Emma Elizabeth HACKETT, St. Matthew's church, Albury, NSW, 26 November 1861
Active Wangaratta, VIC, 1863-64
Active Chiltern, VIC, 1864-80
Died North Adelaide, SA, 19 February 1883, aged "51/52" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE PROGRESS OF ALBURY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (29 September 1857), 3 

IN an article upon this subject the Border Post has the following: . . . . Amongst the parties who have established themselves in business during the year, we may mention . . . Mr. Husing and Mr. Bennett, both watchmakers, &c., &c.

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser [NSW] (27 August 1859), 1 


[Advertisement], The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express [NSW] (7 July 1860), 3 

Organines, Flutinas, Concertinas, Musical Boxes;
Violin Strings, Bridges, Bows, and Tailpieces;
Flutes, &c., &c., - all of the very best description.
Watch Repairing in all is branches.

"BELVOIR LITERARY INSTITUTE [CONTRIBUTED]", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (5 September 1860), 2 

An interesting lecture was delivered, in connection with this Institute, in the National Schoolroom, Belvoir, on Friday evening last, by Mr. John Bennett, Albury, ably assisted by Mr. Murphy. James Coverdale, Esq., having been called to the chair, introduced the lecturer to the audience, who commenced his subject, "An Hour with a Few Musical Composers," in the following manner : -

After the many talented lecturers whom you have had the pleasure of listening to in this place, I must confess that, when I was first solicited to appear before you in my present capacity, I felt considerable diffidence and hesitation in doing so, and were it not that I have selected a subject which, so, far as I can learn, has not been touched upon by any of those gentlemen alluded to, the probability is that I should have declined. However, Ladies and Gentlemen, I thought a few remarks strung together upon a subject which has at all times commanded the attention of all classes, and one which, I am happy to say, is becoming every day more and more popular, might form material sufficiently interesting for the subject matter of a lecture and also provide me with something like a reasonable excuse for detaining you for "An Hour with a Few Musical Composers." The lecturer first illustrated English operatic music by a just and glowing review of the successful efforts of Michael W. Balfe in the "Seige of Rochelle," "Satanella," "The Maid of Artois," "Keolanthe," and the "Bohemian Girl;" the rich melody and variety of Balfe's compositions in "When other lips and other hearts," sung by Mr. Murphy very effectively, accompanied by Mr. Bennett on the harmonium.

Ladies and Gentlemen, I am approaching a subject which might well be made to provide material for a lecture in itself - namely, "The Music of Ireland." It is now universally admitted that to the indefatigable, exertions of Mr. Bunting the Irish people are indebted for the revival of their national music. Another gentleman also rendered invaluable assistance in arranging the music of his native country in proper form for publication - I allude to Sir John Stevenson. The exquisite beauty of these melodies excited the admiration of a young amateur hitherto unknown to fame, who stepped forward to assist in this arduous undertaking - by whose lyrical talents those "sweet sounds became wedded to immortal verse" - and whose name will be ever consecrated in the hearts of his countrymen wherever they are found - I allude to Thomas Moore. "Rich and rare were the gems she wore" was finely given by Mr. Murphy, instrumentally accompanied by Mr. Bennett. The origin of the Prince's day was next narrated, and the music effectively rendered on the harmonium.

A singular instance of the power of music is recorded as having occurred in one of the country districts in England. A young girl who had never heard a military band, or any other band, was taken by some friends to one of Jullien's concerts at a neighbouring town. The orchestra contained about one hundred performers. When first the music struck up the effect on her nerves was so great that she could not sleep, at all that night, and, indeed, was so affected by it that for fourteen or fifteen nights she had no rest whatever. We may learn, also, from the sacred writer something upon this subject. You remember the case of Saul, who, when affected with the presence of an evil spirit, the music of David's harp was employed as a means, whereby that evil genius was to be overcome. But, in my opinion, the grand aim gained by the cultivation of this science is, that it cherishes those feelings which belong to the higher order of our faculties. It twines the woodbine round the cottage, and places a beautiful flower on the window-sill - it will bring merry faces and happy hearts, around the fireside - it will make us gentle towards all, and cast a gleam of sunshine across our path.

The lecturer next gave a very interesting critique and history of Scotch music, and enumerated the principal Scotch composers - more particularly the Scotch bonnie bard of Ayr. The music of "A' the airts the wind can blaw" was next given. Then, followed, "The pretty girl that milks the cow," to the air of "John Anderson my Joe."

The talents of Mr. Vincent Wallace were next adverted to, together with his, elaborate and scientific accompaniments and instrumentalization. "In happy moments," as an illustration of this composer's style, was next beautifully given by. Mr. Murphy, accompanied by Mr. Bennett.

Ladies and Gentlemen, we will bid a temporary farewell to the musical genius of our native land, and direct our steps to a country every foot of whose sod has been hallowed as the birth-place of men who have reached the very highest attainments in the fine arts - to that land which has been consecrated by the genius of Michael Angelo, Leonardi De Vinci, Tintorelli, and Correggio - to that land which has given birth to Heber [sic], Donizetti, Verdi, and Bellini - to the classic shores of Italy. The nature of the Italian opera was given on the harmonium, by a selection from Bellini's Norma," and "La Somnambula."

The lecture concluded with a review of Mr. Henry Russell's successful compositions, and popular natural songs, exemplified by "We were boys together," "Rocked in the cradle of the deep," and "Ever of thee," which were well sung by Mr. Murphy, and accompanied by Mr. Bennett. The lecture was a great success; and during the, rendering of the several airs, songs, and operatic selections, the plaudits of the auditors were most enthusiastic.

ASSOCIATIONS: Michael Balfe (Irish composer); Edward Bunting (Irish musician); John Stevenson (Irish composer); William Vincent Wallace (Irish composer); Henry Russell (English songwriter)

"MUSIC", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (3 October 1860), 2 

We are glad to see the evident taste there is in this town for music and musicians of the right stamp. Our townsman, Mr. Bennett, is an enthusiast in this line, and seems determined to develop our musical powers to the utmost. We believe he has made arrangements to provide our townspeople, and residents in the bush, with a monthly selection of the newest and most recherche productions as they arrive by the mails.

[Advertisement], The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (10 November 1861), 3 

Garibaldi in Naples!
THE GABIBALDI GALOP - beautifully illustrated, pianoforte copy -
IMMENSE VARIETY OF OTHER ARTICLES, Too numerous for insertion in an advertisement.
N.B. The Largest Collection of PIANOFORTE MUSIC ever offered, consisting of -
Songs (operatic and others), Quadrilles, Waltzes, Polkas, Schottisches, and Galops - all New and Popular.
BENNETT, Watchmaker and Jeweller, Townsend Street.

"THE ALBURY HOSPITAL", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (13 April 1861), 2 

For some time past, the concert and ball to be given at the opening of our Hospital, in aid of its funds, have been the chief topic of conversation in Albury; and now that they have both passed off so well, we may safely congratulate our amateurs on the success of their undertaking. The evening of Wednesday last will, we doubt not, be long remembered by the people of Albury . . .
THE CONCERT. The first part of the concert consisted of ballads, glees, choruses, duets, vocal and instrumental, from the most eminent composers . . .
THE BALL. As, on the previous night, the road was again illuminated, and about half-past eight o'clock the carriages began to roll up to the Hospital . . . Shortly after nine o'clock the dancing commenced to the music of the amateur band, got up for the occasion . . . Captain Brownrigg proposed a vote of thanks to the amateurs for their kindness in playing, and also complimented them on the high state of efficiency they had attained. Mr. Bennett returned thanks, and stated that on any future occasion they would be willing to render their services, particularly if it was for a charitable object. The band and the whole of the company then played and sang "God save the Queen," and six o'clock saw the last carriage load take its departure for home.

"ALBURY MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. A FEW WORDS ABOUT MUSIC AND MUSICIANS", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (29 June 1861), 2 

Mr. Bennett produced a very excellent and very entertaining lecture on Wednesday evening last, at the Exchange Hotel, to the members and friends of the Mechanics' Institute. The lecturer was assisted by several gentlemen who, vocally and instrumentally, pleasingly illustrated the songs and ballads of England, Ireland, and Scotland. The room was so crowded that many of the later arrivals could not be accommodated with seats, and many had to content themselves as best they could on the "wrong side of the door." The audience testified their keen appreciation of the treat by frequent bursts of applause. This was particularly the case when Tom Moore's "Irish melodies" were produced - those delightful airs that appeal directly to the heart, and of which every Irishman is justly proud. Indeed, throughout the evening, the audience gave most unmistakeable proof that the lecture was a happily chosen one. The lecturer was most ably supported in his chansons illustratives by the artistes. Mr. Bennett illustrated the subject by reminding his hearers that, in giving them, "A Few Words about Music and Musicians," when they considered the pages, nay volumes, that might be written without in the least exhausting the subject, what he purposed laying before them must of necessity be but "a few words."

Speaking of Irish music, he said: - "It may not be out of place, when speaking of the influence of national music, to direct you attention for a short time to that unhappy period in the history of Ireland - the close of the eighteenth century. During the agitation which then convulsed the country, every effort was made and every means employed to infuse a spirit of nationality into the minds of the people, and, amongst others, a large meeting was held at Belfast, for the purpose of reviving the time-honoured melodies of Erin, with a view to the furtherance of the political objects which then engrossed the public attention: hence will be seen the importance that was then attached to the encouragement of the native minstrelsy. Some, indeed, there were who took part in the movement solely prompted by a love of the divine art itself, amongst whom we are for ever indebted to one whose name is indelibly inscribed on the hearts of his countrymen, whose untiring zeal has rescued those musical treasures from oblivion, and by whose lyrical talent "those sweet sounds are wedded to immortal verse" - Thomas Moore."

Atthe commencement of Part II, the lecturer introduced English music in the following manner: -
How often have we heard it asserted that England has no national music? True it is that what are accepted as the national melodies are of comparatively recent date; still they are national, inosmach as they may be taken as an index to the English mind. The music of Ireland and Scotland has been exhumed from the grave of Time by the literary excavations of Moore and Burns; but though the music of England cannot assert so great a claim to antiquity, still while such men as Shield, Purcell, Arne, Leveridge, and Henry Russell have by their talented and praiseworthy efforts furnished her with, so many songs and airs, the wonder is that any should be found to doubt the existence of an English national music. Music, to be considered national, must be a reflex of the public feeling, and must exhibit the national characteristics truthfully. England's supremacy on the ocean has often been asserted; and where can you find that contempt of danger, that love of country, that true spirit of loyalty which nerves the hearts of her seamen, so faithfully enunciated as in the songs of Charles Dibdin: and it is now acknowledged that the songs written by the "Ocean Bard" - written as they were when the British nation was called upon to sustain a struggle unparalleled in modern history, and when she depended more upon her "wooden walls" than ever - did more towards manning the British navy than the pressgang, the bounty, or indeed anything else; and, as a slight acknowledgement of his services, William Pitt conferred on him a very handsome pension. The position which the English nation occupies amongst the kingdoms of the earth, the unbounded influence she has acquired through her widely extended commerce, and the vast extent of territory she occupies throughout the entire globe, has begotten a spirit of national pride and independence which is observable in all her music and songs; it is this spirit which prompts the exclamation -
Rule Britannia, Britannia rules the waves!
Britons! Britons never shall be slaves!
And it was this sense of national superiority that makes the Sailor Poet sing -
Come, cheer up my lads, 'tis to glory we steer.

The lecturer briefly passed in review the lives of many of the most illustrious ballad writers and composers of oratorios and operas of Europe, both of the present day and of the past, copiously selecting the excellences of each. Amongst the songs and airs introduced were "Rich and rare are the gems," "Tho' the last glimpse of Erin with sorrow I see," "The Irish Emigrant," "Love's Young Dream," "Terence's Farewell," "The Meeting of the Waters," "Erin my country," "Scots wha hae," "Welcome hame Jamie," "In this old- chair," "When other lips, and other hearts" ("Bohemian Girl"); "The Englishman," and "Rock'd in the cradle of the deep." At the conclusion of the lecture, a vote of [3] thanks, proposed by Mr. John Solomon and seconded by Mr. Moore, was given to the lecturer and the gentlemen who assisted him to illustrate his lecture. The National Anthem was then played, after which the company separated, apparently much pleased with their evening's entertainment.

"BELVOIR LITERARY INSTITUTE", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (23 October 1861), 4 

On Friday evening last, Mr. Bennett, assisted by gentlemen amateurs of Albury, favoured the Belvoir Literary Institute, with a lecture on "Music." This entertainment had for some time been anticipated with great pleasure by the inhabitants of Belvoir, who assembled in great numbers on this occasion to welcome their polite entertainers. The room, though spacious, was unable to accommodate all present, and many had to listen to the all potent strains through the doors and windows. Though thus crowded, it would have been much more so had not a concert been given at the Wodonga Hotel at the same hour. Mr. Hughes, having been unanimously voted to the chair, introduced the lecturer and his able compeers to the audience by complimenting them on their very successful efforts on many previous occasions, and which he believed would be fully realised this evening.

. . . Speaking of the history of music, the Lecturer said: - The antiquity of music is established beyond all question. We find, on referring to the records of the world's eerly history contained in Holy Writ, that Jubal was the father of all who handle the harp or organ. We also know that the son of Jessy praised his Creator on the harp; and subsequently we hear those strains of solemn sound used as a means wherewith to banish the evil spirit of Saul: thus we learn that instruments of music were used at a very early date. Most of you will remember the touching lament of the children of Israel in their captivity, which you will find in the 137th Psalm": - "By the waters of Babylon we sat down; yea, we wept when we remembered Sion; we hanged our harp upon the willow in the midst thereof." Coming down to later times, to the reign of Darius, King of Persia, we are informed that when he was bewailing that Daniel had been cast into the den of lions, so great was his grief, "that he passed the night fasting; neither were I instruments of music brought before him, and his sleep went from him." Music is a universal language. It is the language of expression. It speaks fo the heart and from the heart, and when words fail in exciting emotion in the breast, the extraordinary power of warming, and sympathy, and of arousing enthusiasm, is asserted by this delightful art; it places us again, as it were, amid scenes that are for ever embalmed in the memory, and in it we hear the voice of a mother, a sister, or an early love.
Have you ne'er heard in music's sound some chords which o'er your heart
First fling a moment's magic round, then silently depart?
But with the echo on the air, roused by that simple ray,
It leaves a world of feeling there we cannot chase away.
Yes, yes; a sound hath power to bid them come,
Youth's half forgotten hopes, childhood's remembered home.
On all occasions of public rejoicing and festivity, the strains of music are employed to minister to our enjoyment. The weddingday, the birthday, and their annual return, are all considered, and properly so, seasons of mirth and gladness, and on such occasions music is generally introduced with a view of promoting the pleasure and happiness of the hour.

In speaking of the influence of music, we cannot but admire the adaptability of sacred melody to the celebration of divine service. The holy calm it inspires, the devotional feeling it begets, have no doubt been experienced by most of us. There's a pretty little village in the South of Ireland, distant about four miles from the City of Cork; it is very pleasantly situated on the banks of a charming little river; its delightful scenery has often attracted the admiration of the tourist, and, indeed, the visitor is well repaid. The river is one to which the disciples of Izaak Walton continually resort. There is a very neat little bridge by which you cross the river, and on the bank may be seen a stately castle just hastening to decay. There is a lake of considerable extent, and a spacious cave running for at least a mile under its waters; but there is a something extraordinary connected with the castle: about midway, up the surface of the front wall, may be seen a stone which possesses a remarkably strange power (happy is the man who can bring his lips under its talismanic influence), for no sooner does he kiss it, than he immediately receives an irresistible persuasive power imparted to his tongue. Who has not heard of the Blarney Stone? - and where is the lady who could withstand its powers? If an Irishman, in the ardour of his affection, should be too warm in his declaration, he is instantly told he has too much blarney, but he is not less welcome on that account. If a public speaker should flatter his auditory with superfluous phrases, he is instantly told that he kissed the blarney stone. In fact, this term has passed into general use, but still you will search in vain for it in Webster's or Walker's dictionary. But this romantic spot has done more than this: it has given one of the sweetest airs to Irish music - namely, "The Groves of Blarney," to which Moore has adapted the words of "The Last Rose of Summer."

CATHERINE HAYES. How beautiful soever the melody maybe - how sweetly expressive the words - yet without the charming soprano to illustrate the composition and render it with all that touching pathos which characterises the ballad music of Ireland, the effect is lost; and, while upon this subject, I am sure you will unite in paying tribute to the memory of a lady whose brilliant career has lately been brought to a close - to one who was as distinguished for her charity, as she was for professional success. I remember, on one occasion, she gave the whole receipts of an entertainment to the Destitute Children's Asylum, amounting to the magnificent sum of £700. Many of us still cherish the memory of her exquisite vocalizations in this colony. The "Swan of Erin" has sung her last song and left the stage: let us drop a friendly tear on the grave of Catherine Hayes.

ORIGIN OF SCOTCH MUSIC. To seek with the view of finding any positive era for the origin of Scottish song would be a hallucination as vivid as that which possessed the renowned knight of La Mancha in believing himself to be the mirror of chivalry, or like the delusion of the sportive child who sends the frothy bubble floating in the air, and supposes the fairy scenes and brilliant views depicted on its ball of nothingness are real and substantial. It is unkind to dispel agreeable delusions where no harm can he experienced from their being cherished, or those of family pride or national vanity connected with song: such we fondly embrace. There is a delight inexpressible in the feeling that we sing the same wild strains that raised our martial forefathers, or breathe the gentle air that soothed their "fair ones" - soft as the whisperings of love. The character of the Celt is sensitive and impetuous, and his music is at times imbued with a deep melancholy pathos which affects the hearer with feelings of sadness and sorrow. It has been said that the Scotch melodies generally have a resemblance in its style to the Saxon, but this is an erroneous assertion, though Saxon airs are marked by good-humoured simplicity, which gives them the stamp of sincerity and causes them to find their way to the heart, while the music of the Celt partakes more of the character of that people.

THE NATIONAL MUSIC OF ENGLAND. How frequently have we heard it said that England possesses no national music! True, her native melodies have not been disentombed from the grave of Time like those of Ireland and Scotland: they are of a more recent origin. Still they are not less national because their claim to antiquity is not so strong as others. Music, to be national, must be an expression of public feeling; it breathes a spirit of enthusiasm which rouses the national heart; its strains groan when a country endures tyranny and oppression - it is the beating of the national pulse - the incense of a nation's prayers. Mr. Bennett concluded with the following: - And now, ladies and gentlemen, in conclusion, permit me to express a hope that our efforts to entertain you have not been altogether unsuccessful; indeed, I would hope for more. I sincerely trust that what you have heard to-night might have the effect of creating and diffusing a taste for the delightful study. Princes have honoured it with their patronage - crowned heads have esteemed it a privilege to mingle in the society of those gifted men who have been masters in the art. Nations have listened to its tones and acknowledged its mighty power, but more desirable effects will result to you from its cultivation. It will dissipate the weariness of solitude - it will admit a ray of comfort amid the deepest gloom - it will cheer the heart when in the keenest sorrow - it will create, foster, and mature a taste for the sublime and beautiful, which will pervade every feeling of our nature and give birth to a proper refinement that will make us wiser, better and happier.

The pieces given in illustration were - "La che la morte," "Cheer up Sam," "Gentle Annie," "Savourneen Dheelish," "Groves of Blarney," "The Irish Emigrant," "Sprig of Shillelah," "Auld Robin Gray," "Auld Lang Syne," "Turn on Old Time," "Scenes that are Brightest," "Happy and Light," "Other Lips," "Rule Britannia," "Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep," "Ever of Thee," "The National Anthem."

The several airs were given with great effect, and elicited several rounds of applause, and evidently afforded much satisfaction. The chairman, in presenting the unanimous vote of thanks of the audience to Mr. Bennett and his able coadjutors, congratulated them on the complete and marked success of the entertainment, and how greatly they felt themselves indebted to them for their painstaking exertion and polite-attention. We greatly regret we are unable to give more copious quotations from Mr. Bennett's able exposition, which comprehends everything that could be desired in a popular lecture on music. The appointments were well arranged, the piano in good tune, and the platform and lighting of the room all that could be desired. Mr. Bennett, in returning thanks, expressed the great pleasure himself and his associates felt in contributing to their amusement, and that he should be equally happy on some future occasion to appear before them. - [Communicated.]

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Hayes (vocalist, died England, 11 August 1861)

"MARRIAGE", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (27 November 1861), 2 

On the 26th inst., at St. Matthew's Church, by the Rev. Robert Potter, Mr. J. Bennett, of Albury, to Miss Emma Elizabeth Hackett, of Belvoir, Victoria, and formerly of North Adelaide, South Australia.

"WODONGA [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (16 August 1862), 2 

. . . "Molly Asthore" sung by a lady resident in Wodonga, was effectively delivered, and "The Last Rose of Summer," by the same lady, elicited a storm of applause that could only be allayed by her reappearance. Of the gentleman from Albury who has now for the second time contributed so largely to the success of these re-unions in Belvoir, by the versatility of his musical powers, too much cannot be said. Song after song, now sentimental, now comic, increased the delight of the audience, until at last his "Molly Carew" fairly took them by storm. A juvenile amateur also (son of the former) contributed in no small degree to the pleasure of the evening and handled his "Sprig of Shillelah" in a most effective manner, though the marks left by it instead of bruises, were all smiles, while the modest sell-possession of the little fellow won upon the hearts of all present. At the conclusion of the lecture a most cordial vote of thanks was given by acclamation to Mr. Bennett and the amateurs assisting him, and after singing "God Save the Queen" the audience dispersed to find their way home through a drenching rain and an infinity of mud, but so thoroughly pleased with their evening's entertainment that no amount of outward discomfort could dissipate the feelings of enjoyment.

"LOCAL INSOLVENT", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (13 September 1862), 3 

John Bennett, of Albury, watchmaker and jeweller.
Liabilities, £445 16s. 10d.; assets, £369 1s. Deficiency, £76 15s. 10d.
Mr. Mackenzie official assignee.

"FAREWELL ENTERTAINMENT", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (4 April 1863), 2 

Mr. J. Bennett, who is well known in Albury and Wodonga, is about leaving the district, has announced a musical lecture, and entertainment at Wodonga, next Friday evening, the illustrations to be given by some amateurs of fame and note. Mr. Bennett has not made a fortune amongst us, although he has deserved well, and we hope his farewell and leave-taking will be a promise of more success in the future.

[Advertisement], The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (4 April 1863), 3 

Mackay's Border Hotel, WODONGA.
FRIDAY, APRIL 10TH. "One Bumper at Parting."
(Under the patronage of the Wodonga Amateur Dramatic Club.)
MR. J. BENNETT, in compliance with the request of many of his friends, will deliver
a FAREWELL LECTURE, At the above time and place.
subject - The Music of the British Isles.
During the Evening, Vocal Illustrations, comprising the
GEMS OF ENGLISH, IRISH, & SCOTCH MELODY, Will be sung by several talented amateurs.
Mr. Charles Murphy and Mr. James Murphy, of Albury, have kindly volunteered their gratuitous services,
Admission, 2s. Lecture to commence at S o'clock precisely.
N.B. - Visitors from a distance are reminded that it will be moonlight.

"WANGARATTA. Friday, 5th June", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (6 June 1863), 2

The Rev. Mr. Rees, of the Congregational Church, Beechworth, delivered a lecture on the "Destinies of Victoria," at the Wangaratta Courthouse, on Thursday evening. The building was well filled, I should say that not less than 130 persons were present. The fair sex was well represented . . . I must, before concluding, congratulate the committee of the Athenaeum on the happy hit they made last evening by the introduction of instrumental music. Mr. Bennett, before and after the lecture, discoursed most eloquent music, his rendering of selections from "La Sonnambula," and other favorite operas, were given in a truly professional style, and gave great satisfaction to all present . . .

"THE ORGANIST OF TRINITY CHURCH AND THE LADY. To the Editor of the . . .", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 June 1863), 4

DEAR SIR, - A correspondent in the Columns of your contemporary, the 'Wangaratta Dispatch,' has imputed to me the authorship of a letter which appeared in the 'Standard' of Wednesday last, thereby accusing me of having adopted this means of obtaining the situation of organist in Trinity Church. I am sure it needs no line from me to t ell the public of Wangaratta what they already know so well, namely, that there's a harmonium in the church, but, strange to say, no choir nor yet instrumental music. Why it is so I know not. The 'lady' (for that is the name my accuser subscribes) says that he thought at first, I was going to give my services gratis. How exceedingly verdant he must have been!! From the very first I expressed my determination to decline the duties of organist unless I was remunerated, and I can inform him (the lady) that without at all taking into consideration the time and trouble spent in conducting the church choral matters at rehearsals, and on Sundays, the talent has a right to be paid for as well. I repudiate his accusation with scorn, and would caution him against writing slander he has done in this instance, and I can. assure him that nothing, (even the belter of the name which he profanes by assuming), shall preserve him from castigation should he deserve it.
Yours sincerely, J. BENNETT. Wangaratta, June 6th, 1863.

"WANGARATTA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 June 1863), 2

The Athenaeum Committee are endeavoring to augment their Building Fund, and, the proceeds of Mr. Brooke Smith's lecture are to be devoted to that object. We have a gentleman amongst us who has frequently given musical lectures, or rather, I ought to say, literary and musical entertainments, in aid of kindred institutions to the Athenaeum, and I think the Committee would do well to solicit the assistance of Mr. Bennett (to whom I refer), as there is no doubt if he should consent to lecture, there would be a bumper house. At length, I observe with pleasure that a vigorous effort has been made to remodel the choir in Trinity Church. Several ladies and gentlemen of acknowledged vocal talent have consented to assist. The services of Mr. Bennett have also been secured and as he has been accustomed to officiate as organist and conductor in larger Churches than ours, there is every prospect of the Church music being carried out properly. It is certainly a matter upon which I can congratulate the congregation, as it was decidedly a reproach to have a harmonium lying untouched during divine service.

"WANGARATTA. From our own Correspondent. ATHENAEUM SOIREE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 August 1863), 4 

The Soiree Musicale, which has been anxiously looked forward to, came off on last Friday night, at Stark's Royal Victoria Theatre. The attendance was large, there being one hundred and fifty persons present; the room was crowded to suffocation, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather. Every arrangement was made by the stewards for promoting the comfort of the visitors. Tea was provided for the company in the billiard room, and was also served out in the room during the intervals. Wangaratta contributed its quota of youth and beauty on this occasion, nearly all the front seats being occupied by ladies. The Benalla gentlemen, faithful to promise, arrived between five and six o'clock in the evening, drenched and travel stained from the incessant rain during the journey. Mr. E. Brown arrived the previous day, and was about to return home on Friday morning, having received intelligence by telegram that his premises had been robbed, but was persuaded to remain. Mr. Moss also came, having travelled from Yackandandah on the day of the Soiree.

The programme, as was announced, was really attractive. The first on the list was the glee, 'To all you Ladies,' by Messrs. Morrison, Leigh, Dewar, Clarke, Lucas, and Baker. This was sung remarkably well, the voices being fresh, and the amateurs evidently anxious that the first should go off well. Next, followed a comic song by Mr. Henry Young. From the amount of humor and appropriate gesture he threw into the song, I should think he is no beginner. He was encored. Mr. Croft, Telegraph Master, from Benalla, appeared, and gave J. R. Thomas' enchanting ballad of, 'The Cottage by the Sea.' His voice, although not powerful, is exceedingly sweet, and would be heard to much greater advantage in a smaller room. Then we had the glee of 'Hail, Smiling Morn,' one which is always likely to captivate the war from its charming melody. It would seem in this piece, at least it appears so to me, that the voices were not equally distributed, the tenor being almost inaudible, while the bass and leading voice might have been heard over the Ovens bridge.

Mr. Martin, hotelkeeper of Benalla, then favored us with Moore's Irish song of 'The Harp that Once Through Tara's Hall.' It was remarked by many that Mr. Martin's utterance seemed rather rapid for effective singing. With this exception, it was well rendered, and deserves every praise. I must confess I was rather disappointed with the local comic song on 'Municipal Candidates.' Mr. Brown is quite au fait with Buffo songs, but in the composition for this occasion, his poetic genius appeared to have deserted him. The song was destitute of any point. The attempt at puns was rather indifferent. It elicited an encore, however, and then it was that he sang to general satisfaction. Calcott's beautiful, and romantic glee of 'The Red Cross Knight,' came next. The principal feature in this piece was the bass solo, correctly and Sweetly given, by Mr. Morrison. The voices seemed to harmonise well, and during the singing of the words, 'And the Mass shall be sung, and the bells shall be rung,' the bells were sounded behind the stage, which added greatly to the effect.

Mr. John G. Moss then sung the Irish ballad of 'Molly Asthore.' It is scarcely necessary to state that this was a success; in fact, his two songs and the Gruntiphone [sic] solo were the leading features of the night's entertainment. Mr. Michael Cusack, junior, opened the second part, and certainly, if his voice were properly cultivated, he would be the first singer in Wangaratta. 'Dame Durden' then followed, in which Mr. Clarke's tenor was heard to great advantage; and although his notes went very high, still they could be reached much better and much clearer by female voices. And it is to be hoped that in any future entertainment, some ladies will come forward and take the part. The recitation of 'The Statue of St George,' was given by Mr. Wilson, and seemed to please the audience. 'Rosalie, the Prairie Flower,' was a given, and reflected great credit on the youthful vocalists - Masters Thomson, Swan, and Lucas. Mr. Willis's "Flaming O'Flanagan," was excellent. Also, Mr. Snelling's solo on the violin. 'Hard Times Come Again,' by Mr. Croft, with a chorus by Messrs. Brown, Martin, Willis, Moss, and Walton, was most warmly applauded, and a repetition rapturously demanded. 'The Lilliputian Orator' was done in such a finished and artistic manner, that it reminded me strongly of George Coppin's 'Artful Dodger.' Previous to the National Anthem being sung, the farce of 'Itinerant street Players' was performed by Messrs. Moss, Morrison, and Walton, who enacted the part of Clown, and kept the house in roars of laughter for half an hour.

After the performance several gentlemen were called before the curtain, amongst whom were Mr. Brown, Mr. Moss, Mr. Clarke, and Mr. Cusack. As calling before the curtain was the order of the night, it struck me there were several names omitted. Mr. Morrison, Mr. Baker, and Mr. Croft. And it was suggested to one of the committee, by a gentleman in the room, that although Mr. Bennett was to receive the munificent um of three guineas, for five weeks constant and unremitting rehearsal and application, that still the thanks of the audience were due to him, as it was mainly owing to his indefatigable exertions that so great a success was accomplished. This remark was met by the ungracious rebuff, that he was paid for it. How often do we find men in the dramatic or musical profession most liberally paid, and yet receive the public commendation. Dancing commenced immediately afterward, and was kept up till five o'clock in the morning. Thus closed the Athenaeum Soiree Musicale of August, 1863.

Saturday. I have been told of a robbery committed at the residence of Dr. Wilkins. The Doctor had been at the Soiree Musicale, and had been enjoying himself after at the dance, and the robbery is supposed to have been committed during his absence. A few articles of trifling value were abstracted.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Morris Snelling (musician); George Coppin (actor)

"WANGARATTA. From our own Correspondent. Wednesday. CHURCH MATTERS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 January 1864), 4

Ingratitude is of such a debasing and heinous nature that those who are guilty of it feel a degree of shame that they are not usually troubled with, and they even endeavor to pollute their conduct by some paltry or frivolous excuse. On Monday night at the annual parochial meeting of the Church of England, votes of thanks were passed to various parties as the business proceeded. This is quite right; no one will deny the right of any gentleman to the thanks of the parishioners, but in my opinion there has been a great oversight. It is well known that several ladies and gentlemen have been most unremitting in their attention as members of the Choir, and by their vocalization have tended to give that impressiveness to the service of the Church, which the liturgy requires, and yet these ladies and gentlemen are not considered worthy even of a courtesy. Now that the organist is about to leave the town, I should think the Choir will discontinue their exertions, and serve the parishioners right. They deserve it.

"CHILTERN (From our own Correspondent) December 28th", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (31 December 1864), 3 

The Fancy Fair, held in the Oddfellows' Hall, in connection with the Chiltern Athenaeum, commenced on Monday last. The Athenaeum Committee, whose exertions on the occasion were almost indefatigable, had the Hall tastefully decorated with evergreens, flowers, flags, &c. On each side of the room a row of stalls was placed, on which were the various articles exposed for sale; and, at the lower end a stage and piano, whence, with the assistance of Mr. J. Bennett, sweet music was discoursed at intervals during the evening . . .

"CHILTERN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 September 1865), 3 

The amateur concert in aid of the funds of the Ovens District Hospital and Benevolent Asylum, came off in Peel's Theatre, on Wednesday night last. The audience was the largest that has assembled in Chiltern since the palmy days of the lower Indigo. The vocalists acquitted themselves very well, and were loudly encored. The first appearance of the serenaders was hailed with loud and prolonged cheers. Their portion of the entertainment gave general satisfaction, especially the badinage carried on by "Bones" and "Tambo." The musical department consisted of Messrs. Bennett, Barlow, and Weinberg, whose musical capabilities need no comment, as the names of these gentlemen are a sufficient guarantee to the public that the music was first-class. The gross proceeds of the house must have been nearly £40.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Barlow (musician); Henry Weinberg (musician)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 August 1866), 3 

WILL be given on the above night, in aid of the
Instrumentalists: Messrs. Weinberg, Barlow and Bennett.
PROGRAMME: Fantasia - Pianoforte
Descriptive Song - "The Slave Ship" - Mr. Bennett
Favorite Duett - "The Elfin Call" - Mr. and Mrs. McLoughlin
Ballad (Maritana) - "There is a Flower that Bloometh" - Mr. Webb
Glee - "Hark! 'tis the Bells" - By the Juvenile Music Class.
Comic Song - "I'd like to be a Swell" - Mr. Mellor Glee - "Red Cross Knight" - Mrs. McLoughlin, Mr. Bennett and Mr. Webb
Ballad - "Something to Love Me" - Mrs. McLoughlin.
Glee - "Loud Wind! Strong Wind!" - Juvenile Music Class
Patriotic Song - "Just before the Battle" - Mr. Harriss
Song - "I'm Afloat!" - Mr. McLoughlin
Duett - "Hearts and Homes" - Mr. and Mrs. McLoughlin
Song - Aladdin's Lamp" - Mrs. McLoughlin
Grand Descriptive Scena - "The Gambler's Wife" - Mr. Bennett.
Overture - "Fra Diavolo" - Band
Opening Chorus - "Strike, Boys, Strike" - Company
Song - "Kiss me Quick" - Mr. Moss
Refrain - "Massa's in the Cold, Cold Ground" - Mr. Bennett
Song - "Be kind to thy Father" - Mr. Crawford
Song - "On the Road" - Mr. Berrigen
Ballad - "Bonnie Eloise" - Mr. Mellor
Tyrolean Song (with imitations) - "Soft Corn." - Mr. Harris
Song - "I'll throw myself away" - Mr. Moss
Ballad - "Millie Gray" - Mr. Hall
Song - "Jenny Lane" - Mr. Mellor
Song - "Angelina Baker" - Mr. Berrigen
Local Song - "Whar am de Spot" - Mr. Hall
Trio - "Old Tar River" - Messrs. Moss, Berrigen & Hall.
The celebrated "Pas de Fascination," introducing
the "Spider Dance" and, "Rattlesnake Jig," by Messrs. Moss and Berrigen.
The whole to conclude with a new [REDACTED] Farce,
entitled "The Down Haul or the Distracted Contractor!" - Characters by the Company.
In the course of the piece will be introduced the "Grand Election Stump Speech," also the celebrated "Anvil Chorus," from Il Trovatore, and "Grand Walk Round."
Doors open at half-past Seven. Performance to commence at 8 o'clock sharp.
Tickets 3s, procurable at principal hotels and stores, and also from the Committee of the Athenaeum.

"CHILTERN (From our own Correspondent) August 29. CHILTERN ATHENAEUM CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 August 1866), 3 

This entertainment, which had been looked forward to with some interest, came off on Monday night last, the room being densely crowded. The first part of the entertainment was opened with a piano-forte solo, in which Mrs. McLoughlin showed her unquestionable ability as a pianist. In the pretty duet of the " Elfin Call" she sang very well. Mr. Millers's comic song elicited an encore, and Mr. Bennett's song of "The Slave Ship" was duly appreciated; but the gems of this part of the concert were the glee of the "Red Cross Knight," and the new and beautifull ballad of "Just before the battle, Mother," sung by Mr. Harris; in the chorus of this song Mr. Bartle's bass was exquisitely rendered, as was also Mr. Webb's tenor. Considerable disappointment was felt on account of the non-appearance of Mr. Webb's Juvenile Music-Class, which by some reason did not make its appearance. The [REDACTED] business was very good; but the jokes might have taken better if they had been fresher; but some good local hits were made during the evening. The plan for the new Town Hall as drawn up by "Tarabo" was a rarity and convulsed the audience with laughter. The services of Messrs. Bennett and Weinberg are of so high a character that they need no comment, as they were as fully up to the mark on this occasion as on former ones. The performance as a whole was a decided success. The gross receipts amounted to about 29 pounds. I hear an application has been sent in from the Committee of the Chiltern National School, requesting the Amateurs to give the School Buiiding Fund a benefit, which I believe will be responded to.

"WAHGUNYAH (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) 19th June", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 June 1868), 2 

The concert given on Thursday night, for the benefit of the school, was a complete success, and gave great satisfaction. Mr. Camille Reau's room was entirely filled, with a closely packed audience. In fact there never was such a crowd in it before, and dozens could not obtain admission. The steps leading up to the room were crowded to that extent that it was difficult to obtain ingress or egress. I understand that another concert will shortly be given, under the same management, in the large room at Mr. Foord's store, which will comfortably seat hundreds of people. All the amateurs did their best to please the large audience present. It had been reported that local jealousies would prevent the Rutherglen Amateurs from coming, but this scandal proved most unfounded, as they were there to a man, although the state of the weather and the roads would have been valid reason for their absence. Mr. Bennett, from Chiltern, presided at the pianoforte in his usual masterly manner, and the overture was beautifully performed by him and Mr. Weinberg on the violin, and Mr. Otto on the violoncello. Mr. Alexander Stewart highly delighted those present with his Scotch songs, and his very clever localised version of "Billy Barlow," containing some very racy hits, Miss McIllrath, as usual charmed the ears and eyes of all, by her delightful rendering of the numerous songs set down for her. She was rapturously encored to the echo, and gracefully replied each time, finally retiring amidst the plaudits of the admiring crowd. Mr. Cooper ably assisted with several songs. Mr. Sampson sang, as he always does, in first-rate style. Mr. Brigden, too, was very successful in his songs. Mr. Camille Reau mainly contributed to the success of the evening's entertainment with his French songs, the audience joining in chorus. The Wahgunyah Minstrels, Messrs. Weinberg, Sugden, Martin, Otto, Cooper, Tilsley, Brigden, Page, and Dr. Watts, performed exquisitely. Many professional companies have visited Wahgunyah, but the darkies of Wahgunyah will bear favorable comparison with any of them. Mr. Berrigen gave "Babylon's a-Fallin" exceedingly well, and Willie Sugden and Joe Martin danced and song the "Local Nervous Cure," in capital style. The National Anthem followed, and thus ended a delightful evening's entertainment.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Church of England Messenger for the Diocese of Melbourne (9 September 1869), 9 

SIR - In your last issue I read a letter signed "Beta," inquiring for a suitable tune for the 196th Hymn in the Diocesan Hymn-book. I may state that I encountered the same difficulty with reference to this identical hymn some three or four years ago, and the idea suggested itself to my mind of selecting a tune which could, by a slight variation, be adapted to the words. I accordingly picked out "Sacramental" from Davidson's Church Services as the most appropriate, and by altering the concluding line in the music, I found I had overcome the difficulty, and had succeeded in arranging the words to one of the most beautiful hymn tunes in our collection.
I enclose the music.
- I am, sir, your most obediently,
JOHN BENNETT, Organist, Church of England, Chiltern.
August 24th, 1889.

[We cannot print the music; but we think the necessary adaptation will be readily discovered.
There is a special tune recently published for this hymn by Blockley. - Ed.]

ASSOCIATIONS: see hymn no. 196, Just as I am without one plea in Diocese of Melbourne hymnbook (1866); see here for reference to the setting by the English composer John Blockley

"EXTENSIVE FIRE AT CHILTERN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (5 March 1870), 2 

The most disastrous fire which has yet occurred in Chiltern, broke out in the store of Mr. J. H. Ferrier, on Thursday morning shortly after one o'clock . . . The places entirely consumed were McLean's and Ferrier's stores, Graham's boot store, Croft's (tailor), Mansons' (drapers), Bennett's (watchmaker), and McCorry's store. The first three named and Manson's are insured . . . Messrs. Bennett and McCorry were uninsured, and although some of their goods were got out in time, they will be heavy sufferers . . .

"CHILTERN (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) 26th March", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 March 1870), 2 

Mr. Bennett's musical friends have decided to give an entertainment for his benefit on Easter Monday, to make up some portion of his loss by the late fire.

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT AT CHILTERN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (21 April 1870), 2 

A musical entertainment was given on Monday evening at the Star Theatre, for the benefit of Mr. J. Bennett, a well-known local amateur. The programme was a long and varied one . . . Mrs. Mackay sang some difficult operatic airs, having to accompany herself on the piano; Mrs. Mackay's kindness in presiding at the piano during the evening was fully appreciated by the committee. Mrs. Hutton and Mrs. Pleitner also sang several songs, which were warmly applauded . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Johanna Augusta Pleitner (vocalist, violinist)

"THE CHILTERN ANNUAL FESTIVAL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 November 1876), 4 

. . . The Prince's Birthday ball was also largely attended, notwithstanding other counter attractions. Mr. Bennett's Assembly Ball at the Oddfellows Hall met with good patronage . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (28 April 1877), 5 

PUBLIC or Private Balls and Assemblies attended in all parts of the district.
Address: Mr. J. Bennett, Chiltern.

"CONCERT AT BROWN'S PLAINS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 March 1878), 2 

The amateur concert given in aid of the funds of the Presbyterian Church, at the school-house, Brown's Plains, on Friday evening last, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, was well attended. The first part of the entertainment commenced with an overture on the piano by Mr. Bennett, of Chiltern, which was remarkably well rendered . . .

"MUSICAL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 May 1878), 4 

The Chiltern Athenaeum Committee have purchased a magnificent pianoforte for the use of the institution. It is one of Schiedmeyer's, and cost £65. It is proposed to hold a series of popular readings to help to pay for it, and it has also been suggested that something like an Art Union might be arranged to aid the same purpose. The instrument has been tried and examined by a number of ladies and gentlemen, amongst whom Mr. Alpen, of Albury, and Mr. Bennett, of Chiltern, and both pronounce it a magnificent one. It was selected by Mr. Marshall, the president of the institution, who went down to Melbourne expressly for this purpose during the Easter holidays.

ASSOCIATIONS: Hugo Alpen (musician)

"FIRE BRIGADE BALL". The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express [NSW] (11 May 1878), 14 

The members of the Albury Volunteer Fire Brigade purpose celebrating their anniversary by a ball, to be held at the Exchange Assembly Rooms on Tuesday, 28th May. The fact that Mrs. Pleitner and Mr. Bennet have been engaged for the occasion affords a sufficient guarantee that the music will be all that could be desired.

"CHILTERN MEMS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 September 1879), 2 

On Tuesday evening last (the night of the Agricultural Show) an entertainment on behalf of the funds of local Church of England was given in the Star Theatre, and was a most successful affiur in every respect. About 300 persons were present, and all expressed themselves as highly delighted with the intellectual treat provided. Mr. Bennett and Mrs. Pleitner acted as accompanists throughout the evening, and as such gave, as usual, universal satisfaction . . .

"ALBURY (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) March 30", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 April 1880), 5 

The Foresters' gala day and sports took place yesterday . . . In the evening a concert took place in the Exchange Concert-room, which was crowded, the fair sex predominating; and about 30 couples attended the Forester's Ball at the Mechanics' Institute, and kept the music going till about 5 o'clock in the morning. Bennett and Pleitner managed the music, and their name is a sufficient guarantee that it was first-class.

[Advertisement], The Express and Telegraph [Adelaide, SA] (14 February 1882), 1 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT will be held in Temperance Hall, Tynte-street, North Adelaide, in connection with ST. LAURANCE'S CHURCH, THURSDAY, February 16.
Tickets, to include Dancing, 2s. Violiniste, Madame Pleitner; Pianist, Mr. Bennett.

"CHILTERN RESIDENTS ABOARD", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 March 1882), 4 

By a letter received on Tuesday, from Adelaide, from a former resident of Chiltern (Mr. Bennett) the "Standard" learns that Mr. W. Pleitner, another old Chilternese, has been made mining manager to an important claim at Woodside, situated about 20 miles from Adelaide, and also for another claim in the same place.

"DEATHS', The South Australian Advertiser (20 February 1883), 4 

BENNETT. - At his residence, O'Connell-street, North Adelaide, John Bennett, watchmaker, late of Melbourne, in his 52nd year.

"DEATH OF A LATE CHILTERN RESIDENT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 March 1883), 2 

We have to record the death of a very old resident of Chiltern in Mr. John Bennett, who died at his residence, North Adelaide, on the 19th ult. Mr. Bennett left Chiltern about three years ago, and since that time has been carrying on business as a jeweller and watchmaker.

"DEATHS", Evening Journal (5 April 1883), 2 

BENNETT. - On the 4th April, Augustus Pleitner, youngest son of the late John Bennett, North Adelaide (late of Melbourne), aged three months.

BENNETT, John [2] (John BENNETT)

Musician, choirmaster, organist

Born England, c. 1838; son of Richard BENNETT
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1861
Married Francis Jane MITCHELL, Port Adelaide, SA, 2 February 1871
Died Woodville, SA, 14 December 1890, aged "52" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENNETT, Frances Jane (Frances Jane MITCHELL; Mrs. John BENNETT; Mrs. Philip Trelore HILL)

Musician, pianist, teacher of piano

Born North Adelaide, SA, 6 August 1849; daughter of Thomas James MITCHELL (1821-1913) and Thurza Lucy COLE (d. 1881)
Married (1) John BENNETT, Port Adelaide, SA, 2 February 1871
Married (2) Philip Trelore HILL, Port Adelaide, SA, 25 December 1902
Died Gawler, SA, 22 May 1939, aged "89" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

BENNETT, Ernest Mathew (Ernest Mathew BENNETT; E. M. BENNETT)

Musician, violinist, music teacher

Born Port Adelaide, SA, 14 December 1871; son of John BENNETT and Frances Jane MITCHELL
Died Port Adelaide, SA, 4 September 1957


"PORT ADELAIDE SACRED CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (3 July 1861), 3

The Choral Society, of which there were present 14 ladies and about 20 gentlemen vocalists under the able leadership of Mr. G. Tilley, sang in the course of the evening no less than 11 pieces, consisting of selections from the compositions of Mozart, Handel, Haydn, Matthews, and Kent, and, considering the short time the Society has been formed, in a manner highly creditable. Mr. John Bennett officiated as organist . . . The Hallelujah Chorus was sung as a finale to the entertainment.

"NORWOOD WESLEYAN CHAPEL ANNIVERSARY", Adelaide Observer (14 October 1865), 1 Supplement

The anniversary services in connection with this place of worship were held on Sunday and Monday last, October 8th and 9th . . . The Rev. S. Ironside then made a general statement . . . During his address he presented to Mr. John Bennetts, the organist, a set of the Rev. W. Taylor's works, as a slight recognition of the gratuitous services he has rendered for a considerable period . . . The choir sang some choice anthems with good effect . . .

"MARRIED", The Express and Telegraph (11 February 1871), 2 

BENNETT - MITCHELL. - On the 2nd February, at the residence of the bride's father, Port Adelaide, by the Rev. James Read, John, the second son of the late Mr. Richard Bennett, to Frances Jane, second daughter of Mr. Thomas James Mitchell.

"SERVICE OF SONG AT ALBERTON", South Australian Register (20 December 1877), 5

A pleasing service of song, entitled "Elijah," in aid of the manse fund, was given at the Alberton Baptist Church before a moderate gathering on Wednesday night, December 19. An efficient choir of 12 voices, from various denominations in the neighbourhood, under the leadership of Mr. John Bennett, sang in excellent style, while Mr. J. W. Channon officiated as organist.

"THE LATE MR. BENNETT", South Australian Register (15 December 1890), 4

We regret to notice the announcement of the death, at the age of fifty-two years, of Mr. John Bennett, of Woodville, and a well-known and highly esteemed businessman of Port Adelaide. For many years he has carried on a shipsmith's establishment, and it is from fifteen to twenty years since he was first elected a member of the Town Council, in which he sat for several terms. He always took an intelligent interest in local matters, and was associated with different charitable and other movements. Of the Victoria Lodge, M.U., he was a Past Grand. As a musician his services were in frequent request, both as choirmaster and organist. He married a daughter of Mr. T. J. Mitchell, of Woodville, and a sister of Dr. Mitchell, now of Ballarat, and has left her a widow with a family. The funeral takes place at the Woodville Cemetery this afternoon.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 December 1890), 4

BENNETT - At the Private Hospital, Wakefield Street, John, the beloved husband of Frances Jane Bennett, of Woodville, aged 52 years.

[Advertisement], Evening Journal (3 January 1891), 8 

From 2nd February will receive Advanced and Elementary PUPILS in
PIANOFORTE PLAYING at SEMAPHORE and Neighbourhood, and is open to Engagement with Schools.
A FRENCH CLASS will be formed if sufficient inducement offers.
MR. E. M. BENNETT (an Advanced Pupil of Herr Heinicke) is prepared to give Instruction in VIOLIN PLAYING.

ASSOCIATIONS: Hermann Heinicke (violinist, teacher)


Musician, teacher of music and singing, teacher

Born England, c. 1812
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 17 August 1833 (per Curler)
Died New Norfolk, TAS, 23 October 1877, aged "65" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 August 1833), 2 

We are happy to learn that it is the intention of the Misses Bennison, recently arrived by the Curler, to open a boarding school for young ladies in Hobart town. They are used to teaching and are highly accomplished in all branches of female education.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma arrived with her widowed mother Ann (d. 9 December 1855) and brother Robert (d. 8 April 1877)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 October 1833), 1 

Education. THE MISSES BENNISON, respectfully announce to the Inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that they purpose, after the Christmas Vacation, opening an Establishment for Young Ladies; it is, however, their intention to receive Day Boarders until that period, at their present residence, "Warwick Cottage," New Town Road . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (12 January 1855), 3 

EDUCATION. MISS BENNISON announces that the present Vacation will terminate on WEDNESDAY, the 17th of January, 1855. The system of study pursued in this Establishment and the domestic, arrangements, combine the comforts of home with the instruction and accomplishments necessary to a finished education.
Miss Bennison likewise gives private lessons in Music and Singing at her residence.
No. 74, Davey-street.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 January 1863), 1 

EDUCATION. - Miss BENNISON having a portion of her time disengaged, is desirous of obtaining some additional pupils for the Pianoforte and Singing. She is also forming a class for instruction in the French and Italian languages. 163, Davey-street.

1877, deaths in the district of New Norfolk; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1210234; RGD35/1/46 no 582 (DIGITISED)

No. 1419 / 582 / 23 Oct 1877 / Emma Bennison / 65 / Gentlewoman / Congestion of lungs . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (25 October 1877), 1 

BENNISON. - On 23rd October, at her late residence, Derwent Cottage, New Norfolk, Emma, sister of the late Robert Bennison, solicitor.

BENSON, Lucy Charlotte (Lucy Charlotte WESTBROOK; Mrs. William BENSON)

Musician, organist, vocalist

Born Hobart, TAS, 1 March 1860; daughter of Thomas WESTBOOK and Fanny Elizabeth LEMPRIERE
Married William BENSON, St. Mark's church, Bellerine, TAS, 2 June 1881
Died Hobart, TAS, 14 October 1943 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



1860, births in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names indes; NAME_INDEXES:964762; RGD33/1/7 no 3244 (DIGITISED)

No. 3244 / March 1st / Lucy Charlotte / [daughter of] Thomas Westbrook / [and] Fanny Elizabeth Westbrook formerly Lempriere / Auctioneer / . . . Patrick Street . . .

"70 YEARS A MUSICIAN. Mrs. L. C. Benson's 80th Birthday", The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (1 March 1940), 5

Mrs. L. C. Benson, of 45 King St., Sandy Bay, who celebrates the 80th anniversary of her birthday today, is the eldest daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Westbrook, of Eastbourne, Sandy Bay, Hobart. Mrs. Benson, well-known throughout Tasmania and the Mainland, has had a unique musical career. Her musical education began early in life, for at the age of 10 she was organist at Bellerive, Sandford, and Rokeby churches each Sunday, playing the old organ which was moved from St. David's Cathedral to the latter church; She continued her useful work for 65 years, during which time she occupied the position of organist and conductor of St. Mark's, Bellerive; St. George's, Battery Pt., Hobart; Davey St. Congregational; Hobart Methodist, Sandy-Bay; Presbyterian Church, Burnie; St. George's, Burnie; and Holy Trinity, Rochester, Victoria. Upon her return from the Mainland she was appointed organist of St. Peter's, Sandy Bay, from which position she retired in 1935, and at present she is a member of St. David's Cathedral choir. At an early age Mrs. Benson took leading roles in operatic performances, in which she was ably assisted by her husband, the late Mr. W. Benson (son of Dr. Benson, of Hobart), who was the possessor of a beautiful tenor voice. His son, Charles Benson, of Sydney, has followed in his father's footsteps . . .

"OBITUARY. MRS. L. C. BENSON. HOBART, Thursday", Advocate [Burnie, TAS] (15 October 1943), 2 

Mrs. Lucy Charlotte Benson, a musician well-known in Tasmanian and mainland circles, died in Hobart to-night at the age of 84. Mrs. Benson, who formerly resided at Burnie and Ulverstone, had been organist for numerous churches throughout the State, and conductress of many choirs. She began her musical career at the age of seven, when she played a duet with her grandmother, Mrs. Lempriere, at an important function. At the age of 10 she was morning organist at St. Mark's Church. Bellerive, afternoon organist at Sandford and evening organist at Rokeby . . .

BENT, Andrew (Andrew BENT)

Musical album bookbinder, printer, publisher, newspaper proprietor

Born London, England, c. 1790
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 2 February 1812 (convict per Guildford to Sydney, and Ruby to Hobart)
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1851 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

BENT, William Horace (William Horace BENT; W. H. BENT; Horace BENT)

Musician, vocalist, violinist, violin player, comedian, minstrel, serenader

Born Windsor or Sydney, NSW, 1844; son of Andrew BENT (c. 1824-1910) and Honora HURLEY; grandson of Andrew Bent above
Married Millicent Anna SMITH, Congregational Church, Devonshire-street, Sydney, NSW, 16 February 1887
Died Melbourne, VIC, September 1907, "aged 65" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Probably William Horace Bent, left, with, certainly, Richard Wildblood Kohler, New Zealand, c. 1866 (photo posted by Allister Hardiman)


[Government expenses], Hobart Town Gazette (4 March 1826), 1s

. . . Andrew Bent, for Bookbinding, &c. - 3 17 6 . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 January 1828), 2

MUSIC. Mr. BENT having received a Quantity of very handsome Marble Paper by the late arrival, of different Patterns, begs to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and its Vicinity, who may wish to have Music bound, of the circumstance.
Mr. BENT feels assured, that the elegance of his Patterns, and the lowness of his Charges, not to mention the superior Workmen he employs, will ensure him the commands of the Lovers of Sweet Sounds.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1863), 8 

UNION HOTEL MUSIC HALL now OPEN, with entire new company and under new management.
UNION HOTEL MUSIC-HALL.- W. H. BENT, the Burbank of the colony, appears nightly in his negro eccentricities . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Otto Burbank (minstrel serenader)

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier [QLD] (7 January 1865), 1 

TO-NIGHT, First Time of the Laughable Scene entitled SHAKSPEARIAN READINGS, or TALENT LET LOOSE.
The Campbell Minstrels beg respectfully to thank their Brisbane patrons for the kind manner in which they have patronized them during their stay.
Business Manager - W. HOWSON.
Musical Director - G. CHITTENDEN.
Secretary - W. H. BENT.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chittenden (musician); Walter Howson (musician)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (30 July 1868), 2 

The programme of the English Glee and Burlesque Opera Company at the Theatre Royal, which was changed last night, was of an attractive character, and worthy of a more numerous auditory, as it was really an excellent entertainment . . . Mr. W. H. Bent's comicalities had full play in the pieces assigned to him, and his performance caused a good deal of merriment, particularly the buffo-song, "Constantinople," and the comic song, "Blessed baby." He was very good, too, in "Negro eccentricities," and as "Enrico" in the burlesque . . .

"The Federal Minstrels", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (1 May 1886), 920 

The Academy of Music has been crowded to witness the performances of the Federal Minstrels. One of the most amusing portions of their programme during the week has been "The French Conductor," in which Mr. Horace Bent wields the baton and plays the violin in such a marvellous style that his hearers are convulsed with laughter . . .

"BENT v. BENT", Evening News (30 July 1894), 5 

This was a suit for divorce brought by Millicent Anna Bent against William Horace Bent, comedian. Petitioner stated she was married to respondent at the Congregational Church, Devonshire-street, on February 16, 1887. Soon after the marriage respondent gave way to drink, and, for the past three years, he contributed nothing towards her support. Corroborative evidence having been given, his Honor granted the decree nisi, returnable in three months.

"DRAMATIC AND MUSICAL ASSOCIATION", The Age (4 September 1907), 9 

This association held its usual monthly meeting at the Princess's Theatre yesterday afternoon. The deputy-master, Mr. Henry Westley, occupied the chair. Several letters relating to charitable requests were received and discussed by the wardens, various accounts dealt with, and reference to the death of the late Mr. Horace Bent, who was a great public favorite on the minstrel stage about 30 years back, and a grant of funeral expenses was passed for payment . . .

[Obituary], The bulletin (19 September 1907), 9 

"J.A.C.": The late William Horace Bent - to the public he was Horace; to his pals in the "business," in variably "Billy" - did not come from Geelong (B. 12/9/'O7); he was a native of Windsor (N.S.W.). His father migrated to Geelong very many years ago, hence the impression, pretty widespread, that Billy was born in the dead town on the shores of Port Phillip. Billy was always in the burnt-cork industry, and was possibly the cleverest minstrel comedian we have ever had in Australia. His humor was irresistible; but he was an artist in "black" only, not in "white." Once or twice he essayed comic opera, but was far from a success. He was an educated man, and a classical scholar. He could fluently quote his baptismal namesake - him of the Odes and Satires. He was a hypochondriac, although, like most hygienic semicranks, he usually enjoyed robust health. If anybody had anything the matter with him Billy was sure to have it too, and in a more aggravated form. On one occasion a friend gave him some pills to try: "How many are a dose?" asked Billy. "Two." "Then I'll take six." The similarity in name once caused him to be mistaken for a still more eminent comedian. One morning Harry Leston was awakened in a Melbourne hotel by an awestruck menial who, in a hushed tone, announced that the Minister for Railways desired to see him. Immediately afterwards the redoubtable Billy burst into the room. When I first knew W.H.B., 28 years ago, he was of almost too irreproachable respectability, but of late years he went rapidly down the hill. Not long ago, when he was particularly down on his luck, a would-be funny man suggested to him that they should embark in a theatrical enterprise on a large scale. "Yes," said Bent, "with your wit and my wealth we ought to do well." Some few years ago Harry Rickards gave Bent a benefit, the proceeds of which were doled out to him in weekly instalments, for fear that all might go in one wild "jag." In his palmy days, at the time of the Philadelphia Exhibition (1876), Bent went to America, and made quite a hit there. When he returned he was intensely Amurrikan. One day standing outside the Opera House in Bourke-street, Melbourne, were "Jim" Kitts and George Leopold. Kitts was reading a Boston newspaper. To them approached Billy: "Hello, Jim," he said, "I see you've got a paper, from Hum; I dunno how it is, but I never get a paper from Hum naow." "Well, that's strange," said Leopold; "there's a mail three times a day from Geelong."

Bibliography and resources:

Col. T. Allston Brown, "EARLY HISTORY OF NEGRO MINSTRELSY . . .", New York Clipper (21 March 1914), 2 

United States Minstrels: was a party organized in Melbourne, Australia, after Billy Emerson had closed his engagement there in June 1874. G. W. Rockefeller, Charles Holly, Buckley, Tommy Hudson, Campbell and West appeared at Apollo Hall, Melbourne, and played to very good business. In July they formed a coalition with Louis Braham, T. Rainford, and Nick Fullade [La Feuillade] and opened at the Opera House in that city. In July, 1875, they occupied the School of Arts in that city, after which they made a tour of the interior. Returning to Apollo Hall, they attracted crowded houses. They then moved to St. George's Hall in that city and opened April 9, 1877, with William Horace Bent and Richard W. Kohler added to the company. They again appeared at the School of Arts, where they closed in August, 1877, and visited Brisbane. They afterwards went on a tour, appearing in Castlemaine in April, 1878 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Allston Brown (author); Thomas H. Rainford (vocalist); Nicholas La Feuillade (violinist)

E. R. Pretyman, "Bent, Andrew (1790-1851)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

Clay Djubal, "W. Horace Bent", Australian variety theatre (DIGITISED)

BENT, Ellis (Ellis BENT)

Musical amateur, ? vocalist, ? pianist, judge advocate

Born England, c. 1783; son of Robert BENT
Married Eliza BUNSTER, St. James, Clerkenwell, London, England, 22 April 1809
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28/30 December 1809 / 1 January 1810 (per Dromedary, from Yarmouth, 8 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 November 1815, aged "32" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

BENT, Eliza (Elizabeth BUNSTER; Eliza BUNSTER; [1] Mrs. Ellis BENT; [2] Mrs. John Matthew COBB)

Musical amateur, vocalist, ? pianist

Born Cornwall, England, 1783; baptised Mylor, 16 November 1783; daughter of Humphrey BUNSTER and Jane WINCKWORTH
Married (1) Ellis BENT, St. James, Clerkenwell, London, England, 22 April 1809
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28/30 December 1809 / 1 January 1810 (per Dromedary, from Yarmouth, 8 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1817 (per Sir William Bensley, for Europe)
Married (2) John Matthew COBB, St. Mary, Newington, Surrey, England, 23 November 1825 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Letter, Ellis Bent to his mother, 27 April 1810; Ellis Bent correspondence, MS 195, 147-49; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

. . . It gave us both much pleasure to hear of the safe arrival [? in London] of Mr. and Mrs. G. Knox from Madeira. They behaved with great attention to Eliza . . . [Mrs. Knox] is a very great favorite of mine and I find they have been speaking in praise of Eliza's singing. She has indeed a sweet voice, of great compass and with a little more practice would modulate it very well. But we have not any Instrument, which is a loss we both feel extremely it would be a source of much amusement to Eliza when I am engaged in business. Mrs. Paterson has a small Pianoforte but she asked for it £40, and the sounding board was broken, and the Instrument was in other respects not a good one. I offered her £26 for it, but it was not accepted, tho' it did not cost her more than £25 and she had used it for ten Years. Pray, my Dear Mother, tell Jeffrey that I should wish my first spare money should be appropriated to the purchase of a small Pianoforte by Broadwood, with Pedals and additional Keys, as good of its Kind as can be - To come safe it ought first to be packed in Tin, soldered down, & then put in a strong Iron bound, wooden Case. Do not be deterred by the Expense of Packing & shipping for the tin will sell here for treble that expence. Broadwood will take up on himself the whole trouble of packing and shipping, for he did so with Mrs. Macquarie who brought out a charming grand Piano, packed in this manner, without sustaining the slightest Injury while one of Mrs. Carter's packed in a different manner was quite spoiled. If the Piano should be sent I should like a few Books as well selected Music to be sent with it including Songs, Operas, Sonata's, Lessons, &c. of Mazzinghi, Von Esch, Haydn, Pleyel, & others . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Paterson (amateur musician, pianist) Joseph Mazzinghi (composer); Louis von Esch (composer);

Broadwood sales ledger, 7 September 1811; Surrey History Centre, Broadwood archives, ledger I, names A-I (1811-15); 2185/JB/29/7/1, page 48

Mr. J. H. Bent, Lincolns Inn Fields, [also says Old Square, Lincolns Inn] 7 September 1811.
To a Best [square] PF drawers £43 1s, cover £1 8s, [spare set of] strings £1 11s 6d, tin £1 18s and deal £1 12s cases, shipping £1 10s, total £51 6d

ASSOCIATIONS: Jeffery Hart Bent (brother)

Broadwood porters book; Surrey History Centre, Broadwood archives, 2185/JB/42/7A

SPF [square pianoforte] solid [this is the 'suitable for a hot climate' description] with drawers no. 15592 addressed Ellis Bent esq., [2 words illegible, part of address?], Sydney, New South Wales, delivered at Mr. Farlow's, Hungerford [Market, London], to ship on board the transport [illegible, ship name?]

See also in Broadwood pianos mainpage:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1815), 1 

BY MR. BEVAN, On the Premises, on Monday the 30th Instant, at Ten precisely,
THE very valuable HOUSHOLD FURNITURE, the Property of ELLIS BENT, Esq. -
Also, an elegant Chariot, Horses, and Harness complete;
a very superior fashionable Harpsichord, by Broderip, well suited for hot climates -
Likewise, a quantity of Law Books, with a great variety of others. Prompt payment in sterling money.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Broderip (d. 1807, London musical instrument seller, not himself a maker, active from 1775 in partnership with John Longman as Longman and Broderip); given the description "well suited for hot climates", it seems highly unlikely that this was really a harpsichord

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1815), 1 

Government House, Windsor, Saturday 11th November, 1815 THE GOVERNOR having this Morning learned, by Express from Sydney, the much lamented Death of Mr. JUDGE ADVOCATE BENT, which look place at his House there during the last Night; and being also informed that his Funeral is to take place at the Hour of Nine o'Clock on Monday Morning next, HIS EXCELLENCY hereby notifies, his Intention of personally attending on that solemn Occasion, in order to mark His sincere Regret for the Event, and His high Sense of the severe Loss sustained by the Colony at large in the Decease of a Gentleman who has for nearly Six Years presided in its Law Courts, with equal Honour to himself and Advantage to the Public.
The GOVERNOR requests that all the Officers, Civil and Military, within the Colony, will attend the Remains of Mr. BENT to the Burial Ground, at the appointed Hour of Nine o'Clock on Monday Morning.
By Command of His Excellency, J.T. CAMPBELL, Secretary.

On the funeral, see also "Sydney", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1815), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 October 1816), 2 

THE Honorable Mr. Justice BENT, Mrs. ELLIS BENT, and Family, hereby give Notice, that it is their Intention in a short time to leave the Colony.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 November 1816), 2

To be SOLD by AUCTION, by Mr. Bevan, at the residence of the late JUDGE ADVOCATE,
at Thursday the 19th of December, at Eleven precisely, the very valuable HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE,
elegant Chariot and Harness complete, Horses, Sadlery, &c &c.
Also, a very superior toned fashionable Piano Forte, made by Broadwood,
particularly suited for a hot climate. Likewise, a Quantity of Books. Prompt payment in sterling money.

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 May 1817), 1 

The Sir William Bensly, by which J. H. Bent, Esq. late Judge of the Supreme Court; and Mrs. Bent and family proceed to Europe by way of Bengal, is expected to sail tomorrow . . .

Bibliography and resources:

[Joseph Michael Forde] "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (5 May 1912), 9 

. . . Ellis Bent died on November 19th, 1815. His tomb was for many years on Garden Island, but I am told by a good authority that he was originally buried in the George-6treet cemetery. Some years ago the remains, including the tomb, were removed from Garden Island to St. Thomas's Cemetery, North Shore, where it is still to be seen, surmounted by a grotesque memorial to Brigade Major John Ovens, who desired to be buried with his old friend and shipmate, Ellis Bent. Mrs. Bent who re-married, and became Mrs. Cobb, had a pension of £200 a year given her. The lady was drawing it in England in 183S (20 years after her husband's death), but I am not in a position to say how long after that she continued to enjoy the amount . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); John Ovens (soldier)

Kevin Fahy, "Furniture and furniture-makers", in James Broadbent and Joy Hughes (eds), The age of Macquarie (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press in association with Historic Houses Trust of NSW, 1992), (117-32), 122 (and 181 note 12)

In 1810 Ellis Bent requested that a small pianoforte be despatched to him from Broadwood's of London "packed in tin, soldered down, and then put in a strong Iron bound wooden Case" as done with "a charming grand Piano" for Mrs. Macquarie.

P. J. Byrne (ed.), Judge Advocate Ellis Bent: letters and diaries 1809-1811 (Annandale: Desert Pea Press/Federation Press, 2012)

Robert Jordan, "Music and civil society in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 98/2 (December 2012), (193-210), 206 (210 note 70) (PAYWALL)

Geoffrey Lancaster, The first fleet piano: a musician's view (Canberra: ANU Press, 2015), vol. 1, 178 (DIGITISED)


1 or more musicians, pianist, accompanist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1851-52
Active Maitland and Sydney, NSW, 1853; ? Maitland, NSW, 1859-61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Mrs. Bently first appeared in Melbourne in December 1851 as a solo pianist and probably also as accompanist for the soprano Elizabeth Testar. She accompanied Harriet Fiddes and Francesca Allen in concerts in Sydney and Maitland district in 1853. Perhaps she was the same Mrs. Bentley teaching music and dancing at Maitland in 1859.


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (11 December 1851),

Still, in spite of all the excitement of the time, the weekly Concerts hold their own; their caterers rather spurred on by the numerous desertions, to further effort, than relaxing their exertions. The programme for to night contains a solo on the Flute, which, we hear, is to be given by Mr. Pritchard, and to any one who has heard that gentleman, it is unnecessary to say that his single solo is worth the price of admission to the whole. We hear very favorable reports, too, of a lady performer, who makes her first appearance this evening as a pianoforte player. The public ought to do their share in encouraging the efforts that are being made to keep the Concerts together, and the prospect of a fine moonlight night should secure a bumper audience. The following is the Programme: -
Overture - "Cenerentola."
Glee - "It was a Friar of Orders Gray" - Mrs. Testar, &c.
Fantasia Brillante Pianoforte - Mrs. Bentley.
Song - "The Light of other Days" - Amateur.
Aria - "Stanca Di Pin Combattere" - Mrs. Testar.
Waltz - "Gabrielen."
Overture - "Le Cheval de Bronze."
Trio - " My Bonny Cuckoo" - Mrs. Testar, &c.
Salo Flute - Amateur.
Song - The Boyhood's Home" - Mr. Wheeler.
Polka - Post Horn
Song - "When Lubin sings" - Mrs. Testar.
Finale - "God Save the Queen."

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Osgood Pritchard (flute); Stephen Thomas Wheeler (vocalist); Thursday Concerts (series); Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1852), 3 

GRAND CONCERT. Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor.
MR. MEGSON'S SEVENTH ANNUAL CONCERT will take place in the
PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS - Mrs. Testar, Soprano. Mr. Megson, Leader. Mrs. Wheeler, Pianist.
Messrs. Young, Wheeler, Reed, Cooze, Cossar, and Jenkins.
Overture - "Siege of Rochelle" - Balfe.
Song - "When other lips," Mr. Riley - Balfe.
Solo - Violin "Home, sweet home," Mr. Megson - National.
Duet - "Of Fairy Wand," Mrs. Testar and Mr. Wheeler - Wallace.
Quintette - Instrumental - Haydn.
Recit. ("Sedizosi Voci") Aria ("Casta Diva") Mrs. Testar - Bellini.
Buffo Song - "Skying a Copper, Mr. Cooze - Ford.
Overture - "Semiramide" - Rossini.
Song - "I'm a merry Zingara," Mrs. Testar - Balfe.
Duet - "Jeanette and Jeannot" Mrs. Testar and Mr. Young - Glover.
Pot Pourri - Pianoforte, Mrs. Wheeler - Donizetti.
Trio - "A little farm," Amateurs - Ford.
Irish Melody - "Kitty Creagh," Mr. Young - Lover.
Finale - "God Save the Queen," - National.
Accompanist, Mrs. Bentley.
Concert to commence at Eight o'clock.
TICKETS, 4s each, to be had of Messrs. Puller, Pitman, Clarke and Urquhart, stationers; also of Mr. Roycraft, at the Institution.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violin, leader); Mary Elizabeth Wheeler (pianist); Charles Young (vocalist); Thomas Reed (musician); William Joseph Cooze (vocalist, flautist); Mr. Jenkins (musician)

"THURSDAY NIGHT'S CONCERT", The Argus (22 January 1852), 2 

The following is the programme of the performance to to take place at the Mechanics' Institution this evening: -
Overture - Caliph of Bagdad
Duet - Love in thine Eyes, Mrs. Testar and Mr. Wheeler
Song - Amateur
Duet - Violin and Pianoforte - Mr. Megson and Mrs. Bentley
Song - Nel lasciar la Normandia, Mrs. Testar
Quadrille - [REDACTED]
Overture - II Barbiere de Seviglia
Song - Love in Language, Mrs. Testar
Comic Glee - Amateurs
Polka - Flower
Scotch Ballad - I'm a Lassie, Mrs. Testar
Buffo Song - Cinderella, Mr. Cooze
Finale - God Save the Queen.
With reference to these pleasant little musical meetings, we are sorry to have noticed on one or two occasions lately, a disposition evinced to be a little over-critical as to some portion of the performances. Without any wish to quash a spirit of due discrimination, without which all public performances would run a risk of gradually dwindling into a dull mediocrity, we cannot help reminding the visitors of the weekly concerts, of the very great difficulties attendant upon getting up a musical entertainment at the present time. We think that they should show some little indulgence, and recollect that a shilling concert in Victoria, is a very different affair to a first-class concert at home, with all the boundless resources there constantly at command. We are sure that the bulk of the audience have no wish to be unreasonable, that they well know that the small amount of admission is well repaid with one song from Mrs. Testar, or one well-played overture. But to the over-fastidious gentleman or two who have lately shewn a disposition to hiss on rather slight provocation, we would remark that the indulgence in a harsh, critical spirit would soon end in the suspension of these interesting entertainments.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1852), 3 

NOTICE. A GRAND Juvenile concert will take place on
Tuesday, March 16th, to commence at half-past seven precisely,
assisted by Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Bentley, and Messrs. Megson, Cooze, Thompson, Jenkins, Greenwood, &c.
Further particulars in future advertisement.
Tickets to be had at the Mechanics' Institute only, at 1s each. Reserved seats 2s.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Charles Thompson (musician)

"THURSDAY'S CONCERT", The Argus (22 July 1852), 5 

The following is the programme for this evening: -
Overture, "Tancredi."
Song, "The Mocking Bird." (Flute Obligato, Mr. Cooze.) - Mrs. Bentley.
Clarionet Solo, Herr Mater.
Song, "The Holly," Mr. Bancroft.
Song, "The Vesper Dream," Madame Allen.
Galop, "Sturm Marsch."
Overture, "Masaniello."
Song, Mrs. Bentley.
Ballad, "Lass o' Gowrie," Madame Allen.
Song, Mr. Bancroft.
Buffo Song, Mr. Cooze.
Finale, "National Anthem."

ASSOCIATIONS: Francesca Allen (vocalist); Charles Mater (clarinet); Richard Bancroft (vocalist)

"MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (28 May 1853), 2

Mrs. Fiddes and Madame Allen have this week been giving a series of concerts in this district. On Tuesday evening their concert, at the Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland, was moderately attended, the firework celebration of the Queen's birthday no doubt keeping many away. Both ladies prove to be very fine singers, as was expected . . . The pianist, Mrs. Bently, is spoken of as a fine performer. As the artists give concerts at the Northumberland again this evening (Saturday) and Monday, and on Tuesday at Morpeth, our musical readers who have not yet heard them will have the opportunity of doing so.

ASSOCIATIONS: Harriet Cawse Fiddes (vocalist); Francesca Allen (as above)

"MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 June 1853), 2

This highly talented lady gave two concerts here on Thursday and Friday evenings, assisted by Madame Allen; Mrs. Bently presiding at the piano. The concerts were held in the saloon of the Rose Inn, and were attended by a highly respectable audience . . . Mrs. Bently is without doubt quite an artiste at the piano, and her style was brilliant, showing a vast deal of talent . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1853), 1

MRS. FIDDES (late Miss Harriet Cawse), of the Theatres Royal Drury Lane, Covent Garden, English Opera, Italian Opera, Haymarket, &c.,
begs to inform the inhabitants of Parramatta and its vicinity that she purposes giving a Concert, this evening, at the Long Room of the above Hotel,
when she will be assisted by the valuable services of Miss HARRIS, and Mrs. BENTLEY, Pianiste.
Tickets 4s. each, to be had at the Bar.
Polka (Pianoforte) - Mrs. Bentley
Duet - What are the Wild Waves Saying - Mrs. Flddes and Misa Harris
Song -I love the Merry Sunshine - Miss Harris
New Schottische - Mrs. Bentley
Duet - We are Wandering - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Song - Kate O'Shane - Mrs. Fiddes
Duet - I Know a Bank - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Galop - Mrs. Bentley
Polka - Mrs. Bentley
Duet - The Sea Nymphs - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Song - I am a Merry Zingara - Miss Harris
Duet - Tell me where is Fancy bred - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Waltz - Mrs. Bentley
Duet - Up in the Morning early - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Song - Would you live Merrily - Mrs. Fiddes
Duet - In the Green Wood Free - Mrs. Fiddes and Miss Harris
Finale - God Save the Queen.
Doors open at half past 7 - to commence at 8 precisely.

ASSOCIATIONS: Flora Harris (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 May 1859), 1 

MRS. BENTLEY begs to inform the residents of Maitland that she purposes
For terms and particulars, apply at her residence, Hart's Cottages, Devonshire-street, or at Miss Beaumont's, Milliner, High-street.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (26 May 1859), 1

Hart's Cottages, Devonshire-street -
Hours of attendance, from half-past 9 till 3.
Mrs. Bentley gives private Lessons in Music and Dancing.

"ST. PAUL'S PARSONAGE BAZAAR", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 September 1860), 2 

The bazaar in aid of the fund for lessening the debt on St. Paul's Parsonage, West Maitland, commenced yesterday, in the School of Arts, and will be continued this day and Friday. This bazaar is an illustration of the results of ladies' enterprise, when they make up their minds . . . A visit yesterday to the gay scene resulted in our noting the following kinds of articles, among many others -
Some very handsome foot-stools and cushions of raised work, bead fly cages, bead chandeliers, bead mats and baskets; a large assortment of very handsomely dressed dolls, dolls' beadstead, ditto house furniture; worsted work slippers; an embroidered satin apron; scrap books; prints; music; imitation coral baskets . . .
During the afternoon, Mrs. Bentley played several airs on the pianoforte.

"THE VOLUNTEER BAND BENEFIT TENDERED BY MR. COLEMAN", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (6 April 1861), 3 

On Thursday and last night, the court-house presented a very animated appearance . . . The evening's amusement was given entirely by Mr. Coleman, who, in addition to his immensely popular monologue, sung the Irish ballad of "Katey's letter" very sweetly, and was loudly applauded . . . To-night we perceive Mr. Coleman bids farewell to his Newcastle friends, at the court-house, in the shape of a complimentary benefit . . . Mr. Coleman presents an entire change - two dramatic pieces, in which he personates eleven characters, and sings several new songs, aided by a Mr. Williams, and the favourite pianist and vocalist Mrs. Bentley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Barned Jullien Coleman (polyphonist)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (27 April 1861), 1 

MRS. BENTLEY, Pianiste, being now disengaged, can ATTEND EVENING PARTIES.
Address Post Office, West Maitland.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1867), 8 

MR. F. H. NEEDS' COMPLIMENTARY PARTY to Mrs. Bentley (pianiste) on THURSDAY next, the 28th instant. Tickets may be obtained of Mr. NEEDS, 147, Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Hillier Needs (dancing master)

BENTLEY, Edwin (Edwin BENTLEY; Edwin Senior BENTLEY; Edwin Senior Leather BENTLEY; BENTLY)

Musician, violinist, violin and viola player, professor of music, woolsorter

Born Bradford, Yorkshire, 1830; baptised St. Peter, Bradford, 29 December 1830; son of John BENTLEY and Rachel
Married (1) Nancy CLAYTON, St. Wilfrid, Calverley, Yorkshire, England, 29 September 1851
Active Castlemaine, VIC, 1857
Married (2) Elizabeth LINNARD, VIC, 1867
Died Melbourne, VIC, 12 March 1875, aged "44" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Bradford in the County of York, in the year 1830; rgister 1831, page 242; West Yorkshire Archive Service (PAYWALL)

No. 1231 / 29 Dec. / Edwin Son of / John [and] Rachel / Bentley / Bradford / Wool Sorter . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Horton, Yorkshire; UK National Archives, HO107/2309/163/16 (PAYWALL)

8 Lw. Bk. William Street / John Bentley / Head / Mar. / 42 / Wool Sorter / [born] Yorkshire Bradford
Rachel / Wife / Mar / 38 / - / [born] Yorkshire Shelf.
Edwin / Son / Un. / 20 / Wool Sorter / [born] Yorkshire Horton
Emma / 18 // Samuel / 15 // George / 13 // Mary / 10 // Harriet / 6 // Henry / 8 months / [all born Bradford]

1857, marriage solemnized in the Parish Church in the Parish of Calverley, in the County of York; register 1851, page 191; West Yorkshire Archive Service (PAYWALL)

No. 381 / Sept. 29 / Edwin Bentley / 21 / Bachelor / Woolsorter / Tyersall / [son of] John Bentley / Woolsorter
Maney Clayton / 21 / Spinster / - / Tyersall / [daughter of] John Clayton / Woolsorter . . .

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (18 May 1857), 3 

Theatre Royal. Lessee, Mr. J. L. Byers.
TO-NIGHT, MONDAY, MAY 18th. For the Benefit of MR. J. MUNGALL,
The performances will commence with the celebrated melo-drama entitled, VALENTINE AND ORSON.
To conclude with the ILLUSTRIOUS STRANGER.
Benjamin Bowbell - Mr. J. Mungall.
- Stage manager, Mr. Wigan.
To Mr. Byers, Sir, We the undersigned members of your company, beg to tender our services for the purpose of giving you a complimentary benefit,
on TUESDAY, May the 19th, as a slight token of our esteem.
Trusting yon will have a full house on the occasion, we remain, yours truly,
George Wigan, John C. Mungall, Alfred G. Dennis, R. Ramsay,
E. Bentley, Harry Wigan, W. Charame, R. A'Becket Evans
Julia Hudson, Georgiana Bourne . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Lucas Byers (proprietor, actor); John Mungall (actor); George and Harry Wigan (actors, musicians); Georgina Sturges Bourn (vocalist)

[News], Mount Alexander Mail (5 June 1857), 4 

A first rate entertainment was given on Saturday and Monday evenings at the Royal Hotel by Messrs. Wigan, Bentley, and Williamson, and Mesdames Williamson and Bourne. Mr. and Mrs. Williamson are too well known to render praise necessary. Suffice it to say that they showed the people of Tarrangower that their popularity at the other gold fields was well merited . . . The same may be said of the manner in which the songs of Miss Bourne were received. Every one of which was encored. The execution of Mr. Wigan on the piano, deserves great praise. Mr. Bentley's solo on the violin was loudly applauded. It is to be hoped that these artistes will soon pay us another visit.

ASSOCIATIONS: George and Caroline Williamson (vocalists)

"FOREST CREEK [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT] . . . Amusements", Mount Alexander Mail (12 June 1857), 4 

A musical entertainment was given at the Red Hill Hotel on Saturday last, the large hall being crowded to the door. Mrs. Bourne sung several of her most popular songs and was loudly applauded and frequently encored. This lady is a great favourite with the mining population. Mr. and Mrs. Williamson did their parts to perfection. Mr. Bentley gave several solos on the violin, and though not equal as a solo player to the local celebrite, Mr. Harvey, he was well received and loudly encored. Mr. Wigan shewed himself an accomplished pianist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Harvey (violinist)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (15 June 1858), 1 

JAMES McINTOSH begs to return his most sincere thanks to the inhabitants of Tarrangower for the patronage accorded to him since he has occupied the above Hotel . . .
Engagement of MESSRS. HAMMOND AND LINDSAY . . . and the favorite MRS. BOURNE . . .
GLEES AND CHORUSES, by the Company.
Every Monday and Saturday evening.
Admission free.
Violinist - Mr. Bentley.
Pianist - Herr W. Gollmick.

ASSOCIATIONS: W. H. Hammond (vocalist); William Gollmick (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (10 August 1858), 1 

Mr. J. McIntosh begs to acquaint his friends and the inhabitants of Maldon generally, that he still retains the valuable services of
MR. E. BENTLEY, The Violinist and
MR. H. WIGAN, The Pianist
With whose assistance be will keep open the room
FREE AND EASY every Saturday and Monday evenings.
Mr. J. M. has the pleasure to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Maldon and the district that his
QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY will commence on
FRIDAY, AUGUST 6TH, and continue fortnightly from that date.

ASSOCIATIONS: Free and easy (generic)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (8 October 1858), 1 

MR. E. BENTLEY, Violinist.
MR. C. ROWE, Pianist . . .

"MASONIC BALL", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (7 January 1859), 2 

In the notice of this event we quite forgot to give credit in one case where it was most justly merited, and are certain that if we were not to award the highest praise to Bro. Bentley, and the members of his band, we should be neglecting that which is a duty. The whole of the musical arrangements were unexceptionable, and we are glad to find that Tarrangower possesses a musician of sufficient talent so ably to conduct a band as our Bro. Bentley did on the occasion referred to.

? "LINCOTT'S", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (15 February 1859), 2 

Messrs. Bently, Rowe & Co.'s claims, Messrs. Harding & Co., and Messrs. P. Wood & Co.'s, are still paying. Mr. Bently intends leaving us shortly for a journey to England and back, accompanied I am told by another lucky reefer, Mr. W. Ringer, of German reef; both these gentlemen have been known for some time on Tarrangower as enterprising prospectors, and have the best wishes of all who know them for a favorable voyage and quick return . . .

"GARRICK CLUB (To the Editor of . . .)", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (25 March 1859), 3 

Sir, - In your critique on the amateur performance oof Tuesday last you omitted the names of your musicians, Messrs. Bently and Morgan, who, from the masterly manner in which they accompanied many songs in "Othello," are deserving of every praise. Mr. Bently particularly so, for his unwearied exertion at every rehearsal was the main cause of the piece succeeding so well, and I take this opportunity of thanking him on behalf of myself and brother amateurs for his kind and patient drilling . . .
JOHN TATE. Eagle Hawk, March 22nd.
[We cordially coincide with Mr. Tate respecting the exertions of Messrs. Bently and Morgan and regret that we omitted to mention them in the manner they deserve. We had intended to repair our error in this issue, but coming as it does from an acting member of the society, as Mr. Tate is, the compliment will be the greater . . . E. T. T.]

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Morgan (Welsh harpist)

"BENEFIT", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (29 July 1859), 3 

By reference to another column it will be seen that Mr. Bentley, ao long and favorably known as violinist at the Royal Hotel, intends a farewell benefit in the shape of an assembly ball. From the merits of this gentleman in his profession, and as a convivial, jolly companion, we confidently expect to see a full room. In connection with the Garrick Club, Mr. B. did good service at the last performance for the Hospital. This will probably be an additional incentive to his intending patrons.

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (29 July 1859), 3 

E. BENTLY begs to express his sincere thanks to the ladies and gentlemen of Tarrangower and district for the favors shown him during his long residence here,
also his deep regret that necessity compels him to leave them, and would beg to announce that he intends taking a
FAREWELL BENEFIT, On MONDAY Evening, August 1st, when he hopes bo|ies to see all his friends - ladies and gentlemen - unite in giving him a kind Farewell . . .

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (5 August 1859), 1 

In aid of the Funds of the Maldon Hospital, under the patronage of the MUNICIPAL COUNCIL.
On MONDAY, August 8, 1859
On which occasion several German amateurs and also the Weichman Family, have kindly volunteered their services.
Previous to the evening's entertainments, R. C. Mackenzie, Esq., P. M., and Warden, will deliver a prologue,
after which will be produced W. Blanchard Jerrold's Farce of Cool as a Cucumber.
To be followed by a Musical Interlude by the German Liedertafel and the Weichman Family.
The whole to conclude with the serio-comic Operatical, tragic, burlesque burletta of
Hamlet YE PRINCE OF DENMARK, With all the original music, &c., &c.
Admission: - Stalls, 4s. Back Seats, 2s. 6d.
Violinist - Mr. E Bently. Harpist - Mr. J. Morgan. Stage Manager - Mr. Felix.
Doors open at half-past 7; performance to commence at 8 precisely.
Smoking strictly prohibited.

ASSOCIATIONS: Weichmann family (musicians)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (2 December 1859), 3 

BEE-HIVE HOTEL, Opposite the Bee-Hive Reef, MAIN-STREET . . .
The First Quadrille Assembly
WILL take place on Friday, the 9th December, and will continue fortnightly from that date.
Wm. Seedsman has much pleasure in stating that he has secured the services of Mr. E Bentley, late of the Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (6 July 1860), 3 

STRING BAND. WANTED all persons who are desirous of joining a String Band to send in their names, and the name of the instrument on which they perform, or apply personally, to
EDWIN BENTLEY, at the Royal Hotel.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE . . . MR. HULL", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (14 September 1860), 3 

On the occasion of this popular favorite taking his benefit, the Kangaroo Theatre was crowded. In addition to the array of professionals provided, some amateur singers made their debut, and showed in their first effort before the public, an amount of talent hardly to be expected. Mr. Wales sang the beautiful ballad, "Norah the pride of Kildare," with remarkable sweetness, and was vociferously encored. Mr. Lean's ballad "The valley of Cashmere" was similarly and as deservedly received. Mr. Massey's "Yankee account of Ebenezer Dogskin," caused great fun. One of the greatest features in the evening's programme was the re-appearance of that splendid singer Mr. J. C. Rainer, after an absence of some years from the profession: the result proved that this gentleman has, in no way, derogated from the proud position he for so long a time occupied; his ballads, and the duett of "A thousand a-year" (with the able assistance of Mr. E. Bentley) were received rapturously by the delighted audience. Of Mr. Hull's clever local songs nothing more can be added to what we have from time to time expressed, as to their entire good humoured originality, and most complete success. Mr. Morgan on the harp, as usual, electrified his hearers, and Mr. Carl Peart was as clever as ever. The Messrs. Withers (a recent acquisition to the Kangaroo), performers on the Saxe horn and big drum, were an agreeable addition to the bill of fare, and the solo on the violin by Mr. E. Bentley astonished his numerous friends, who, till then, had no conception of the talented manner in which be can handle that difficult musical instrument. A ball concluded the evening's amusement, the votaries of Terpsichore continuing to foot it featly till grey dawn suggested a separation, when the party broke up after having spent a most delightful night . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Cragin Rainer (vocalist); James Hull (vocalist, songwriter)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (14 September 1860), 3 

JAMES McINTOSH begs to inform his friends and the public generally that he intends, re-opening the Assembly Room on
WEDNESDAY NEXT, SEPTEMBER 19TH, On which occasion a select Quadrille party will be held, and continued from that date every alternate Wednesday . . .
The music will be conducted by those established favorites - Mr. E. Bentley and Mr. C. S. Rowe.

"THE THEATRE", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (26 September 1860), 3 

The appearance of the house on Monday night when the curtain rose must have been highly gratifying to Mr. Rainer, and to the Maldon Garrick Club who had come to play for his benefit. The theatre was filled in every part, and extra seats placed in every available corner failed to accommodate the numbers who pressed in to witness the performance . . . the chief feature of the evening's entertainment, namely, the performance of "Still Waters Run Deep," by the Maldon Amateurs . . . Dunbilk was appropriated to Mr. E. Bentley, who if he is not an Irishman, ought to be one - he has the accent so nicely . . . Then followed a concert, in which Mr. Hull sang an original composition, containing some local allusions; Rainer and Barlow in a duet; the latter in one of his amusing [REDACTED] delineations, with the never-to-be-exhausted blue-tail fly; and Morgan, the Welsh harpist, whose performance was exquisite, and who was deservedly encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Barlow (vocalist)

"LOCAL . . . BENEFIT TO MR. BENTLEY", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (18 December 1860), 3 

It will be seen by advertisement that Mr. Bentley, violinist, takes a benefit on Friday night at the Masonic Hall; the evening's amusement will consist of a concert and ball. The programme for the former includes the names of Mr. Carl Peart, the favorite dancer, Signor Oreste, a tenor singer of whom report speaks highly, and several distinguished amateurs. The ball is rendered attractive by the band that will be provided, comprising the Messrs. Withers, and in fact all the musical talent available in Maldon. Messrs. Hull and Morgan will, in the course of the evening, act the parts for which they have attained a justly merited high reputation. Mr. Hull promises a new local song, and Mr. Morgan some of his beautiful solos. The popularity of the beneficiare, and the really attractive programme, should command a house crowded to the ceiling.

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (21 December 1860), 3 

Masonic Hall. BENTLEY'S BENEFIT. MONSTER CONCERT. Friday, December 21st. See Bills of the day.

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (29 March 1861), 3 

Will take place at the MASONIC HALL, on MONDAY, THE 1st OF APRIL,
Under the patronage of the Eureka Chapter of Royal Arch and the Mackenzie and Southern Cross Lodges of Free and Accepted Masons.
A Prologue will be delivered by Most Excellent Companion F. Chapman, Z.
And also under the patronage of the M.U.I.O.O.F.
Opening Chorus - Company
Song, "I have but one memorial" - Mr. Bentley
Chorus - Members of the Liedbrtafel
Solo - Tin whistle - "Ah Non Giunge." - Somnambula - Mr. Deakin
Comic Song, "Who'll buy my matches" - Mr. Woodward
Song, "Mal Reggendo," Trovatore - Signor Oreste Nobili
Glee, "Hail Smiling Morn" - Mrs. Mitchell and Company
Song - Mrs. Mitchell
Chorus - Members of German Liedertafel.
PART II. The Tarrangower Ethiopian Serenaders will have the honor of making their first appearance on this occasion.
This truly original Company, comprising the highest Musical and Dramatic Celebrities in the locality, will give a choice selection of Comic and Sentimental "Fakements" and "Flugerums," with Columbriums, &c.
Bones - MR. DEAKIN
Tamborine - Mr. TATE
Banjo - Mr. WITHERS
Violin - Mr. G. BRETHERTON
Overture - BAND
Jiss me quick and go - MR. TATE
Massa's in the cold ground - " ELLAR.
Sally down the middle - " FIELDER
Ellen Bayne (Sentimental Fakement) - " BENTLEY
Euchidee - " JACOBI
Solo Banjo (Village Bells) - " WITHERS
She's gone to Alabama State - " TATE
Old folks at home - " WOODWARD
Who's dat knocking (Comic Flugerum) - " TATE
Colonial Bagpipes - By a Celebrated Blower
Pas de Fascination (Lucy Long) Mr. Carl. Peart
The whole to conclude with a grand Finale A LA FUNNY FLUGERUM,
Front Seats, 5s.; Back Seats, 3s.
Smoking on this occasion will not be permitted.
Pianist - Mr. F. Eichardt
Manager - Mr. R Braddon.

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (5 April 1861), 2 

. . . Immediately after the delivery of the above prologue, which was written by Mr. Edward Hankins, formerly editor of this paper, the programme was commenced by the old and much admired glee of "Glorious Apollo," which was ably rendered by Mrs. Mitchell and Messrs. Kupferberg, Bentley, Deakin, and Ralph, and elicited well-merited applause. Mr. Bentley's "I have but one Memorial" was carefully sung. The choruses of the German Liedertafel are too well known and appreciated to need any comment, but they were certainly sung as well as ever . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Florian Kupferberg (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (14 November 1863), 3 

Tea on the tables at seven o'clock precisely. -
A String Band - Leader, E. S. L. Bentley,
Will perform during same some entirely new music . . .

"THE NEW HAYMARKET THEATRE", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (5 August 1864), 7 

The extensive improvements in the reconstruction and decoration of this theatre are now all but completed, and the house will be quite ready for the opening night tomorrow, when Lady Don makes her first appearance since her return from Europe . . . Lady Don will be supported by the following company: - Mr. Hoskins (the manager) . . . The orchestra - so important a component part of a theatre with the future specialty of the Haymarket - is well selected, and will consist of the following performers: -
First violins, Mr. F. Coppin and M. Zeplin; second violin, Mr. Bentley; violoncello, Mr. F. Howson, jun.; flute, Mr. Creed Royal; cornet, Mr. Richardson; viola, Mr. J. Howson, jun.; double bass, Mr. Gover; clarionet, Herr Faure; trombone, Mr. S. Hore; tympanes, Mr. Gorman; leader, Mr. Fred. Coppin; operatic conductor, Mr. Frank Howson, jun. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emily Don (actor, vocalist); William Hoskins (manager); Frederick Coppin (violin, leader); one of the Zeplin family (violinist); Frank Alfred Howson (cello); Creed Royal (flute); James William Richardson (cornet); John Jerome Howson (viola); Henry Barman Gover (double bass); Gustave Faure (clarinet); Samuel Hore (trombone); Haymarket Theatre (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1866), 8 

PRINCESS'S THEATRE. Lessee and Manager, Mr. J. L. Hall . . .
THIS EVENING . . . To conclude with, for the first time in the colonies, Byron's chef d'oeuvre, entitled
PRINCESS SPRING-TIME; Or, the Envoy who Stole the King's Daughter . . .
The Music Arranged by Mr. E. Bentley . . .
The Ballet (with the Bell Dance, by the Belles of the Princess's) arranged by Mr. John Edouin.
The whole produced under the direction of Mr. J. L. Hall . . .
A GRAND BALLET, By Mr. John and Miss Julia Edouin, and the Ballet Corps. CORROBOREE CHORUS, Composed and arranged expressly for the Opening of the Intercolonial Exhibition, by Edward Charles Horsley, Esq. [sic], and kindly presented by him to Mr. J. L. Hall . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lawrence Hall (actor, manager); John and Julia Edouin (dancers); Charles Edward Horsley (musician, composer); Princess Theatre (Melbourne venue)

PIECE: Princess Spring-time (by Henry James Byron)

[News], The Argus (30 May 1867), 5 

The Victorian Musical Association held a meeting yesterday, at Edouin's Imperial Hotel. Mr. Horsley occupied the chair. The secretary (Mr. Caws) read several rules which had been recommended by the society's committee (consisting of the leading members of the musical profession in Melbourne), and which were unanimously adopted. Mr. Horsley informed the association that, in consequence of his intended departure for Sydney, he would be obliged to resign his position as a member. He said he was aware that great opprobrium had been cast upon him in connexion with the recent concerts . . . He blamed himself much for the annoyance which the association had experience through the failure of the concerts in which they had assisted him, but he hoped and believed that they were all aware that he himself, so far from receiving any benefit from those concerts, had been deceived in his expectations and greatly injured in his professional prospects . . . He wished to express his sense of gratitude to the members of the association, and to the musical profession generally, for the courtesy they had shown him, and in taking his leave of them for a time would beg them to remember him with kindness. Mr. Bentley, on behalf of the Victorian Musical Association, assured Mr. Horsley that they were not in the slightest degree influenced by angry feelings towards him; that they deeply regretted his misfortune; and, while wishing him every success in his new sphere, they hoped soon to see him again amongst them. Those members present warmly supported Mr. Bentley's remarks, and, after the usual vote of thanks, the meeting separated.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (member); William St. John Caws (member); Victorian Musical Association (organisation)

[News], The Argus (11 July 1867), 5 

A meeting of the Victorian Musical Association was held yesterday, at the Adam and Eve Hotel, Little Collins-street, at which there was a large attendance. The business, which was chiefly of a professional nature, included the election of Mr. Julius Siede as chairman of the association, vice Mr. C. E. Horsley, resigned; and the appointment of Mr. E. Bentley as a member of committee, in lieu of Mr. Siede . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Siede (musician)

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1867), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL. Engagement for 12 Nights OF
LYSTER'S Royal Italian and English OPERA COMPANY . . .
GRAND ORCHESTRA. 1st Violins - Mr. Hall, Mr. Levy, Mr. White, Mr. King, Mr. Fischer.
2nd Violins - Mr. Devereaux, Mr. Filhon, Mr. Read, Mr. Cousins.
Violas - Mr. Jagar [sic], Mr. E. King, Mr. Bentley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Thomson Hall (violin); Barnett Levy (violin); Richard Baxter White (violin); Edward King (violin); Wilhelm Carl Fischer (violin); John Robert Devereux (violin); Auguste Filhon (violin); Thomas Reed (violin); Henry Cousins (violin); Ernest Augustus Jager (viola); Ernest King (viola); Lyster Opera Company (troupe)

[News], The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (2 March 1868), 7 

With relation to an advertisement inserted some months since by Mr. Coppin in the Era, the following reply has been published in that journal: -
"Theatre Royal, Melbourne, 21st October, 1867. -
With reference to an advertisement (signed George Coppin) in the London, Era, and copied into Melbourne's Bell's Life of 19th October, asserting that
"All members of the (Theatre Royal) company, down to the poor ballet girls, are compelled to contribute two-thirds of their salaries towards temporary losses, without the least participation in ultimate profits, even to the receipt of arrearage, is indignantly condemned by all members of the profession, including those unfortunates that are forced, through circumstances, to accept 6s 8d in the pound until something better turns up,"
we, the members of the Theatre Royal company, musicians, ballet girls, and employes of that establishment, most distinctly contradict the above statement; inasmuch that during the present spirited and successful management, viz., from 13th February to 21st October, 1867, we have never been offered one-third of our salaries, as above stated, but, on the contrary, have received for thirty-two consecutive weeks full salaries to present date, and the other three weeks at the commencement of the season, respectively 12s, 10s and 15s in the pound, although in many instances the management have been very heavy losers: -
. . . [orchestra members] Benjamin Levy [sic], Julius Siede, Samuel Chapman, C. R. Berg, Edward L. Bentley, James Hore, Thomas Reed, Thomas Howard, Robert Ilsley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Chapman (musician); Charles Berg (musician); James Hore (musician); Robert Ilsey (musician); Thomas Howard (musician); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

[News], The Argus (29 April 1868), 5 

A large and influential meeting of the members of the Victorian Musical Association took place yesterday at the Adam and Evo Hotel (Mr. Lundberg in the chair), to elect officers for the ensuing year. Mr. Caws, secretary, having read the report showing the society free from debt, a vote of thanks was passed to the retiring officers, and Mr. Julius Siede was again elected president and sole conductor; Mr. E. Bentley, treasurer; Mr. W. St. J. M. Caws, secretary; and the following gentlemen a committee: - Messrs. G. R. G. Pringle, Lundberg, J. Hore, S. Hore, C. Plock, and E. Jager, to meet on Thursday next, at three o'clock sharp.

ASSOCIATIONS: John William Lundborg (member); George Robert Grant Pringle (member); Adam Plock (member)

[News], The Argus (18 July 1870), 5 

The usual weekly committee meeting of the Victorian Association of Professional Musicians was held at their rooms, in Collins-street, on Saturday last. Present - Mr. C. E. Horsley (in the chair), Mr. Julius Siede, Mr. Lundborg, Mr. Schott, Mr. W. St. J. M. Caws, Mr. E. L. Bentley, Mr. S. Chapman, Mr. Elsasser, and Mr. Carl Berg. Musical works were presented to the association by Mr. J. Schott and Mr. Caws, to whom the thanks of the meeting were accorded. Some arrangements were entered into for the future carrying on of the business of the society. It was further resolved that at the next meeting a proper definition of the words "professional musicians and amateurs" should be arrived at.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Arthur Schott (member); Charles Elsasser (member)

"DEATH", The Age (12 March 1875), 2 

BENTLY. - On the 11th March, at his residence, Rathdowne-street, Carlton, Edwin Senior Bently, musician, aged forty-four years, late of Bradford, Yorkshire.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (13 March 1875), 12 

THE Friends of the late Mr. EDWIN S. BENTLEY (musician) are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery.
The funeral will move from his residence, Rathdowne street, North Carlton, THIS DAY, 13th inst., at 1 o'clock p.m.
JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring street, Melbourne.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (20 March 1875), 4 

The members of the Victorian Professional Musical Association held a meeting last evening, at Nissen's Cafe, to elect a treasurer, which office had become vacant by the death of the late Mr. E. S. Bentley. Herr Lundberg, the vice-president, was elected pro tem. There were present - Herr Siede (president), Messrs. Berg, Elsasser, Lundberg, and Perraton.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Perraton (member)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 September 1875), 8 

SALE, first-class VIOLA, by Devereux, property late Edwin Senior Bentley. 8 Banbridge-terrace, Bouverie-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Devereux (senior) (violin maker)

BENTLEY, Julia (Julia MUNK; Mrs. Thomas Charles BENTLEY)

Musician, pianist, professor of music

Born Honiton, Devon, England, 4 May 1836; daughter of William MUNK (d. 1879) and Jane KENNARD (d. 1838)
Married Thomas Charles BENTLEY (1825-1868), St. Leonard's, Exeter, Devon, England, 22 April 1857
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 January 1860 (per Castle Howard, from the Downs, 10 November 1859)
Died "Warrawillah", Hunter's Hill, NSW, 27 February 1923 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Julia Bentley, formerly Julia Munk of Exeter, arrived in Sydney with her husband Thomas Charles Bentley (b. 22 June 1827; m. 22 April 1857; d. 8 September 1868) in the first half of 1860, Thomas (away from the colony since 1856) having accepted a post as secretary of the Australia Club, his name first appearing below its advertisements in early April.

As "A lady, pupil of Thalberg and Miss Arabella Goddard", she first advertised anonymously as a piano teacher in Sydney in June 1860, and later under her own name from January 1861.

She was billed to appear for Douglas Callen and the Sydney Philharmonic Society on 30 April, playing Dohler's Fantasia on Vivi tu, and Madame Oury's Fantaisie brillant on La Traviata (London, 1856). However, she did not actually appear for the Society until 14 May, when the Herald and Empire reviewed her favourably. She was billed to appear again for the society on 27 May 1862 playing Beethoven's Pathetique Sonata, however, due to a disturbance on the night of the concert, the performance did not take place.

The Society publicly apologised to her in an advertisement on 31 May. However, in a letter in the press on 4 June, her husband gave details of a malicious campaign of correspondence waged first against her, and then also against her supporter Edward Boulanger, that escalated to serious assault. Cesare Cutolo was among those accused of responsibility. Bentley was also herself accused of having concocted the whole affair. Even though the case reached the Legislative Assembly, it was never satisfactorily solved. However, Bentley's public career was effectively over.


Non-parochial registers commissions 1837-57, no. 8369; UK National Archives, RG5/140 (PAYWALL)

No. 8369 / 25 March 1837 / . . . that Julia the daughter of
William Munk of Honiton in the County of Devon Ironmonger and
Jane his wife the daughter of Edward Kennard of Battle in the County of Sussex Linen Draper
Was born at the house of the said William Munk in High Street Honiton in the County of Devon on [4 May 1836] . . .

"THE JESUITS - EXTRAORDINARY CASE", Gloucester Journal [England] (28 December 1850), 3 (PAYWALL)

The base endeavours of the Jesuits to proselytise, and to get admission secretly into private families, is evident from the statement we shall subjoin. The following is the substance of Miss Julia Munk's deposition, before the Mayor of Exeter, at the Guildhall, on the 6th December, 1850: -

I am the daughter of William Monk, and reside in Colleton-place, Exeter . . . [in full in item immediately below]

Original article, The Western Luminary (24 December 1850)

"The Jesuits in Exeter [From the Western Luminary]", in The genius of popery opposed to the principles of civil and religious liberty (Dublin: P. Dixon Hardy, 1851), 200-05 (DIGITISED(

We have always been of opinion that Dr. Wiseman did not return to this country from Rome, with the dignity of Cardinal, and the pretended title of Archbishop of Westminster, to carry into effect the provisions of the Pope's insolent bull, without a sufficient staff of Jesuits and Seculars, to compass the designs of the apostate church, of which he is the chief organ in this country. We gather from the papers, and other sources of information, that many of our large towns are, at this moment, infested by the most unscrupulous emissaries of the Papal See; and that Exeter is by no means exempt from their base endeavours to proselytise, and to get admission secretly into private families, is evident from the statement we shall subjoin. We beg to call it to the serious attention of all parents and guardians of families, and also to caution the youthful, of both sexes, against being entrapped by the guile and subtlety of strangers, should they be accosted. We are informed that other young persons in this city and neighbourhood have been tampered with. The following is the substance of Miss Julia Munk's deposition, before the Mayor of Exeter, at the Guildhall, on the 6th of December, 1850: -

"I am the daughter of William Munk, and reside in Colleton-place, Exeter; shortly after the 5th of November last, as I was on Southernhay, returning from school, and going towards the Friars, an elderly gentleman in black, having the appearance of a clergyman, addressed me; he had followed me; he asked me the way to Heavitree; I told him; he then left me, going in the direction I had pointed out to him; he was alone; this was in the middle of the day. In a day or two afterwards I saw him again about the same place, when he again addressed me, saying be had found his way to Heavitree, and it was not so disagreeable as he had fancied; I continued walking on each time, and he accompanying me, sometimes by my side, and at other times a little behind me, talking to me; he said he knew me, and told me where I lived; he said it was in the parish of the Holy Trinity; he said he knew Mr. Gurney, the clergyman; that he was much liked amongst the poor, but his sermons were not liked; he said he was sorry I did not belong to the Catholic Church; he knew that members of my family belonged to it; he said it was the only true religion; he then left me; it was below the hospital. I have seen him several times since, and he has always spoken to me on the subject of the Catholic religion. On Tuesday fortnight, the 19th Nov. I again saw him; I was by the Valiant Soldier, going towards the Magdalen-road; he was on the opposite side, by Mr. Ridgeway's house; I continued walking on, and when about Mr. Pridham's shop he overtook me; he commenced talking about the Roman religion . . .

The following letters were received by Miss Julia Munk, before application was made to the Mayor of Exeter; we may here state that four other letters had been received during the absence of Mr. and Mrs. Munk, but were destroyed by her eldest sister, not being aware of their importance . . .

"THE SHAM JESUIT PLOT", Western Times [Exeter, England] (4 January 1851), 5 (PAYWALL)

"A MODERN ROMANCE", Geelong Advertiser [VIC, Australia] (31 May 1851), 1 

The "Western Luminary" contains a most marvellous narration of an alleged attempt on the part of certain Jesuits in Exeter to convert a young lady, by working upon her fears, "from the errors of the Church of England to those of the Church of Rome," to use the Irish term in such cases. The young lady, a Miss Julia Munk, gives a formal deposition, before the Mayor of Exeter, that about the beginning of November she was repeatedly accosted by "by an elderly gentleman in black," who tried to draw her into conversation on the Catholic religion . . .

1857, marriage solemnized at the parish Church in the Parish of St. Leonard in the County of Devon; register 1857, page 148; (PAYWALL)

No. 296 / April 22 / Thomas Charles Bentley / 29 / Gentleman / Hampstead Middlesex / [son of] William Bentley / Gentleman
Julia Munk / 20 / Spinster / - / St. Leonard / [daughter of] William Munk / Ironmonger . . .


"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", Empire (30 January 1860), 4 

JANUARY 28. CASTLE HOWARD, ship, 757 tons, Captain Lamprill, from the Downs 10th November. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Kellett, Mr. and Mrs. Bentley and, child, Mrs. Lamprill and child, Messrs. Edwards, and T. Belle. Captain, agent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1860), 1 

PIANISTE.- A LADY, pupil of Thalberg and Miss Arabella Goddard, lately arrived from England, will give LESSONS upon the PIANOFORTE.
For particulars apply to Mr. KING, Pianoforte Manufacturer, 71, Market-street East.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sigismond Thalberg (pianist, teacher); Arabella Goddard (pianist, teacher); William King (pianoforte maker)

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1860), 1 

On the 22nd instant, at St. Germain Cottage, Glebe Point Road, the wife of Thomas Charles Bentley Esq., of a son.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1861), 1

MRS. BENTLEY, pupil of Thalberg and Miss Goddard has the honour to announce that she is prepared to give LESSONS on the PIANOFORTE.
Terms, ten guineas the quarter for two lessons a week, if given at pupil's residence, and seven guineas if given at that of Mrs. Bentley;
single lessons, one guinea; schools, five guineas a quarter for each pupil.
67, Elizabeth-street, a few doors from Hunter-street.
Agent Mr. KING, Market-street.

[Advertisement], Empire (27 February 1861), 1 

MRS. BENTLEY, pupil of Thalberg and Miss Goddard, has the honour to announce that she is prepared to give Lessons on the Pianoforte. For terms, apply to Messrs. Johnson and Co., Music-sellers, Pitt-street; or to Mrs. BENTLEY, 67, Elizabeth-street North, a few doors from Hunter-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Jonathan Johnson (musicseller)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1861), 1

The fifth Concert of the season will take place in the Great Hall of the Exchange, on TUESDAY, the 30th April . . .
1. Overture - Norma - Bellini.
2. Song - "Excelsior," Weiss - Mr. J. R. Black.
3. Scena - "Dunque Adesso," opera of "Due Foscari," Verdi - Madame Sara Flower.
4. Fantasio - "Vivi Tu," Dohler - Mrs. Bentley.
5. Cavatina -"The Power of Love," Satanella - Balfe - Miss E. Howson.
6. Symphony No, 2 - Adagio and Allegro - Mozart.
1. Symphony No. 2 - Andante and Finale - Mozart.
2. Song - The Bell-ringer, Wallace - Madame Sara Flower.
3. Fantaisia - "La Traviata," Madame Oury - Mrs. Bentley.
4. Scena and Aria - The Naidade's Spell, Lurline - Wallace - Miss E. Howson.
5. Song - Break, Break, Break - Blockley - Mr. J. R. Black.
6. Operatic Selections from "Rigoletto," arranged by Mr. Callen - Verdi.
Mr. D. CALLEN, conductor.
Mr. W. J. CORDNER, accompanyist . . .
Mr. W. H. ALDIS, Honorary Treasurer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Reddie Black (vocalist); Sara Flower (vocalist); Emma Howson (vocalist); George Douglas Callen (conductor); William John Cordner (accompanist); William Henry Aldis (treasurer); Sydney Philharmonic Society (association); Exchange Hall (Sydney venue)

MUSIC: Fantaisie et variations de bravure sur une cavatine d'Anna Bolena (Dohler, op. 17); Fantaisie brillant on La Traviata (London, 1856, by Anna Caroline Oury)

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1861), 5

This society, the oldest, we believe, of any of the existing musical societies in the city, gave its fifth concert of the season last night at the Exchange hall, and, we are happy to say, with its usual success. Not only was the great hall of the building closely filled, but the room adjoining devoted to business was very numerously occupied. Still there was not accommodation sufficient, and that for one of the most fashionable audiences we have seen assembled for some time past . . . A new pianiste, Mrs. Bentley, made her debut at this concert, in two fantasias; the first, the air of "Vivi Tu," arranged by Dohler, the second from "La Traviata," arranged by Madame Oury. Mr[s]. Bentley was somewhat nervous, but she is unmistakeably an artiste of power, taste, and genius. There is a singular chasteness, almost amounting to severity, in her style; but the delicate and expressive finger fully interprets the conception of the player and the commands of the resolute and nervous wrist. Both performances were warmly applauded, and we congratulate Mrs. Bentley on her success . . . On the whole, in spite of many disadvantages in the room, the concert went off well.

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (15 May 1861), 5 

THE fifth concert of the season took place yesterday evening, at the Exchange Hall, and was attended by a very brilliant and crowded audience . . . The event of the evening may be said to have been Mrs. Bentley's appearance in Dohler's extremely difficult fantasia on the well-known tenor air in Anna Bolena, "Vivi tu," and we may affirm, conscientiously, that the expectations which had been formed of this lady's powers were entirely realised. We understand that Mrs. Bentley, who was a pupil of the celebrated Thalberg, had never before exhibited her powers in public, and, in fact, her nervousness was somewhat apparent at the commencement of the piece. As this feeling, however, decreased, the audience became aware that they were listening to a pianiste of no ordinary pretensions, for every passage was most truthfully rendered, and all the difficulties of the piece attacked with precision and judgment and the most masterly execution, combined with the utmost delicacy and crispness of touch. We lose sight of merely mechanical difficulties, however great they may be, when soul is breathed into the performance - such was the depth of mind thrown into Mrs. Bentley's playing, that she held the audience in a sort of trance until the closing chord, when one long, loud burst of applause testified their delight. We must congratulate the Society on having been the means of introducing this lady to the Sydney public; and we trust we shall soon have the opportunity of again listening to her magnificent playing. We are convinced that Mrs. Bentley could interpret the "Lieder ohne worte" of Mendelssohn, or Weber's Concert-Stuck, with far greater engouement than the very difficult but flimsy compositions which she performed last night . . . Mrs. Bentley's performance of the fantasia on airs from the " Traviata," by Madame Oury, was hardly so well calculated to display her remarkable powers of execution as the composition in which she made her debut, and, in fact, seemed hardly worthy of such an admirable interpreter . . .

"SYDNEY PHILARMONIC SOCIETY", Freeman's Journal (18 May 1861), 8 

. . . Mrs. Bentley, whose talents as a pianiste have been discussed in musical circles for some time past, and whose first appearance in public had been anxiously looked forward to fully realized the anticipations that had been formed of her talents, her execution of Dohler's difficult setting of "Vivi tu" being all that could be desired. Although the first few bars of the introduction betrayed a slight degree of nervousness natural on so trying an occasion, it soon disappeared, and the execution of the piece was most satisfactory from beginning to end. Mrs. Bentley is certainly a great acquisition to the musical talent of Sydney . . . In the second part . . . The fantasia from the Traviata, which is merely a selection of the principal airs from that popular opera was beautifully played by Mrs. Bentley, but the piece is no test of the merit of a performer . . .

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", Empire (21 May 1861), 2

. . . The great event of the evening was the very successful debut of a lady pianist, Mrs. Bentley, who gave unequivocal proof of her artistic abilities, by a combination of extreme delicacy of expression, with the most astounding tour de velocite. Mrs. Bentley will, undoubtedly, prove a very valuable accession to the musical world of Sydney . . .

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1862), 1 

UNION CLUB. NOTICE. The annual general
MEETING of the members of this Club will be held at the Club House,
THIS DAY, the 3rd of April, at 2 o'clock, to receive the annual report,
and to elect members of the committee and other officers for the ensuing year. By order,

£100 (ONE HUNDRED POUNDS) REWARD. The above reward will be paid to any person who will (by letter or otherwise) give such information as will lead to the conviction of the author of numerous anonymous letters addressed from time to time, during the last twelve months, to the heads of certain influential families in Sydney, having for their object the circulation of false and malicious charges against a Lady Professor, resident in the city, and also of certain anonymous communications recently written with the same object, and directed against an Eminent Artist of the musical profession lately returned to the colony.
It is known that the letters alluded to have been written by an amanuensis, and information given by that person will entitle him to the reward.
Apply to the parties concerned; or to Messrs. JOHNSON and JOHNSON, solicitors, Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Boulanger (pianist, "eminent artist lately returned . . ."); Robert Johnson (solicitor)

[Advertisement], Empire (26 May 1862), 1 

the FIFTH CONCERT of the season will take place on TUESDAY EVENING next, the 27th instant, at the Freemason's Hall, Clarence-street,
on which occasion will be performed, for the first time by this Society,
Professor Sterndale Bennett's admired Cantata, THE MAY QUEEN . . .
Mrs. BENTLEY has also consented to give her valuable services on this occasion.
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . 4. Solo, pianoforte - Mrs. Bentley - "Sonata Pathetique" - Beethoven . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT THIS EVENING", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1862), 4

. . . Mrs. Bentley, a solo pianiste, whose playing is highly admired in musical circles, will perform a sonata by Beethoven . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1862), 1

The Committee of the Philharmonic Society have to acknowledge, with thanks, the kind manner in which Mrs. BENTLEY placed her services at the disposal of the Committee for the performance of a Pianoforte Solo, at the last concert of the society.
They deeply regret, that owing to an unfortunate misunderstanding which arose on the evening of the concert, that lady should have felt herself compelled to decline performing.
While they deeply regret the disappointment occasioned to the subscribers and the public, the Committee feel it only due to state, that the course taken by Mrs. BENTLEY was justified by a careful regard for her position, and was called for under the peculiar circumstances which have since come to their knowledge.
By order of the Committee.
CHARLES T. GEDYE, Honorary Secretary.
May 30th, 1862.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 June 1862), 8 

TO THE MEMBERS and SUBSCRIBERS of the PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY and their Visitors, on the occasion of the CONCERT on the 27th of May.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, - I feel it my duty to lay before you a simple statement of facts which, I trust, will satisfy yon that Mrs. Bentley's refusal to perform the portion of the programme allotted to her at your last concert was not the act of a capricious woman, but the necessary determination of a lady, placed by circumstances in so painful a position that no other course was open to her than to withdraw.

Painful as it is to obtrude our private troubles on the public, I yet am glad that a fitting opportunity has occurred to justify me in thus addressing you, as I sincerely hope that this publicity may be the means of aiding me in my endeavours to discover and punish the miscreant who, sheltering himself under the veil of anonymous letters, and by the aid of the Post Office, has persisted in a series of outrages, quite, I believe, unparalleled, at least in an English community, and I am advised by my solicitors, Messrs. Johnson and Johnson (with whom I have been consulting for same months on the subject, and who have the letters in their possession) to adopt this course with that view.

Let me premise that the facts about to be laid before you are collected from upwards of forty letters, placed in my hands from time to time by the heads of families of this city. All these letters, with the exception of forgeries purporting to be written by Mrs. Bentley and a suppositious "Mrs. Morris," are anonymous, and in the same - a very peculiar - handwriting.

On the 14th of May, 1861, Mrs. Bentley for the first time played in public, being introduced by your honorable President as a pianiste, at the Philharmonic concert given on that evening. The following morning her performance was favourably criticised in both the leading journals. Two days afterwards a member of the committee received an anonymous letter through the post, stating that the writer was sure that the gentleman to whom the letter was addressed would not countenance Mrs. Bentley when he was informed that that lady "was sailing under false colours," not being the English lady she pretended to be, but an Italian, whose conduct had broken the heart of her own mother only a few years hence. A letter of the same kind was sent about a month afterwards to another member of committee, stating that, had it not been for Mrs. Bentley's misconduct she "could have lived in her native country, a climate far more suited for her poor husband's health, in affluence and ease." These letters were followed by others addressed to the heads of various families resident in Sydney, stating that Mrs. Bentley was a person of disreputable character, and unfit to be the companion of their daughters.

On the evening of the 29th of October Mrs. Bentley handed me the following letter, just received through the post, at the same time asking me who was the Mrs. Morris by whom it purported to be written:-

"Mrs. Morris presents her compliments to Mrs. Bentley, and would feel much obliged by her calling at her residence to-morrow afternoon, at about 5 o'clock, to make arrangements for Mrs. Morris's three little girls taking music lessons. Mrs. Morris is sorry to trouble Mrs. Bentley, but she is a great invalid herself, and cannot leave the house, or she would give herself the pleasure of calling at Mrs. Bentley's own residence. Mrs. Morris's house is situated at the back of Mr. Lamb's, and is called Murringa.
Tuesday Morning, Murringa."

The same evening, a proprietor of one of the leading journals (who had before received one of these anonymous letters, and whose daughter was receiving musical instruction from Mrs. Bentley) handed me a letter, posted at the same time as the foregoing, requesting him to satisfy himself as to the truth of previous statements respecting Mrs. Bentley's private character, the writer stating that he had seen a letter written by her, making "an appointment to meet a gentleman who is very well known to all Sydney," and that he desired the gentlemen addressed to be at the place referred to in the above letter at the appointed hour in order to satisfy himself of the truth of the accusations made against her. Steps were immediately taken to entrap the conspirators, but without success. A letter of the same kind was also placed in my hands by my medical adviser.

Anonymous letters of a similar character were from that period, from time to time, sent to Mrs. Bentley's friends, until the arrival of Mr. Boulanger, who, on the 6th of January, 1862, was introduced in the street to Mrs. Bentley by a member of the committee, who, the next morning, received an anonymous communication to the effect that both Mrs. Bentley and Mr. Boulanger were disreputable characters: and stating that Mr. Boulanger was already known to Mrs. Bentley, "and has come here with the idea that they may play into each other's hands, and crush the other professionals."

On the evening of the 20th January, just before leaving to perform at his first concert, Mr. Boulanger received a letter putting him upon his guard against Mrs. Bentley, and enclosing a letter forged in her name to prove that she was endeavouring to blast his reputation; at the same time letters were sent to your honorable President and other influential persons enclosing forged letters purporting to come from certain persons resident in Melbourne, and repeating the same malicious slanders with regard to Mr. Boulanger. At this time I was brought down by a serious illness, and having broken a blood vessel, Mrs. Bentley for some days never left my bed-side; more of these anonymous letters were then sent to the heads of two families stating that at the time I was supposed to be dying, "that heartless woman was walking in the Botanical Gardens for three hours with a gentleman whose character is well known in Sydney," and otherwise slandering her.

These anonymous letters were followed by others addressed to the same parties by way of corroboration, enclosing letters forged in Mrs. Bentley's name, and described as the originals (in different hand writings, however, thus fortunately evidencing the falsehood of the slanderer) making appointments on certain days, and at certain hours, in the neighbourhood where Mrs. Bentley was called by her professional duties. Early in March Mrs. Bentley purchased a copy of one of Hummell's duets for the piano, a copy of which, by a singular coincidence, had been purchased a day or two previously by Mr. Boulanger. On the 19th of that month, Mr. Boulanger received a threatening letter, saying that the writer had been informed that he -

"intended playing in public with Mrs. Bentley. Now, Sir, allow me to state this fact: if either of you attempt such a thing, I swear, by all I hold most sacred, to make you bitterly repent doing so. I indulge in no idle threats, &c., &c. Signed - 'An Enemy' - I hate and detest you both."

A few days after, Mrs. Bentley received the following letter:

"Madam, - A few days since, I heard you were going to play in public, with Mr. Boulanger. Now, you have both done me an injury which I never can forget, and I am determined you shall not do so. Perhaps whatever I say to him will have no effect, but you are a woman, and, I believe, love your husband, and would, therefore, do anything to keep him from sorrow, which might kill him. Now you can absolutely refuse to play with him, or to associate yourself in any way with him. I appeal to your better feelings as a woman to do this, and if you will follow my wishes, you shall neither of you hear another word of, or from me. Boulanger has a wife and child dependent on him; he shall be left alone to work his way, and you will, therefore, be doing him a kindness. You have your husband's health to think of; and let me ask you, did anything happen to you would he long be here to take care of your little children?

"If, however, you persist in following out the course you intend, I will never leave you alone, whatever the consequences may be. I will prevent you playing together, if it be at the last moment, and at any risk . . .

"Think well of what I say. I tell you plainly, I hate you both; but; plainly as I tell you this, I also say that if you will follow my wishes, I will keep my promise, and you shall never hear anymore from me. If you will not, you shall both rue the day you have made me an enemy, and until I have crushed you both, which you know I have it in my power to do, I will never cease.
"Yours, _ _ _ _."

This was followed by other threatening letters; one of which was left in the house, on the 1st of April, and pinned to some music, wantonly torn and thrown down on the dining-room floor, entrance having been effected by the glass door opening upon the verandah at the back of the house.

On the 31st of April (Easter Monday), on my return from the Club, my wife informed me that she felt sure that whilst in her bedroom she had heard some one stumble and fall, over her head, amongst the rafters. I looked through the trap door in the roof, and saw that no one was then concealed there, so we naturally concluded that some noise next door had caused a false alarm. The next day we received by the post, the following letter addressed to Mrs. Bentley:

"Within a short time I have seen you twice pass Monsieur Boulanger close in the streets without taking any notice of him, and this makes me feel that, possibly, your own inclination may lead you to fall into my wishes, but that you are compelled to be friendly to him by your husband. Now, Mrs. Bentley, again let me ask you not to play with him; you can refuse at the last moment, and I swear to undo all the harm I have done you. On Tuesday I will be at the Philharmonic Concert. If you will follow my wishes, do not speak to him at all, or allow him to speak to you, and I shall know by that you intend doing what I wish. I hear it is going to give a concert for St. Vincent's Hospital, but your name is not associated as going to play with him, therefore you can now refuse. I know threats are useless with you, but listen, and then judge if I cannot do all I say. I have been two nights and a day above your bedroom, and one night was in your bedroom in the middle of the night; had you made an attempt to alarm * * * I would have killed you in an instant and you are well aware your husband is too delicate to protect you. I saw you leave your room in the middle of the night and go in to see your little baby, and had my pistol pointed at you from the trap door, for I thought you saw me, but found I was mistaken. The night before that I saw you as you came upstairs, (when your husband was in bed), obliged to sit down on the stairs, your old complaint having attacked you; and you know, as well as I do, however much you may try to hide it from others, that is doing its work quietly and steadily, and if anything occurs to startle you very much will kill you. I have told you where I was because I never shall be fool enough to go there again. Again let me ask you to do what I wish, and you shall be perfectly unmolested after; persist, and I say I will kill you both, for I have that which will effect my object without much fear of my being discovered; and even were this not the case, I would risk my life and all I have, or may hope to have, to revenge myself on two for whom I have a hatred which nothing can ever quench."

Mrs. Bentley did go into the nursery on the night of Easter Sunday to see our child, and as she left our room informed me that the door had been left open, and on, the previous night, Mrs. Bentley also left the room just after I had gone to bed to fetch some medicine, and she was attacked as she came upstairs with a spasm of the heart, and compelled to sit down on the stairs. We also found a visiting card of my own with the words "Mr. Bentley's Visiting Card" written on the back in the anonymous hand-writing, placed in the drawer of our toilet table. The household had long retired to bed.

On the 24th of April Mr. Boulanger informed me that on the night of the 22nd he had been stopped in the racecourse, at midnight; that he levelled his revolver and the man took to his heels.

On the 25th Mrs. Bentley, as she was returning from her professional duties, was waylaid at a solitary spot and brutally struck and seriously hurt by a man in disguise.

Oa the 28th of April, Mrs. Bentley received the following letter:

"Will you now follow my wishes; after what took place on _ _ _ you can scarcely doubt my intentions if you persist. You thought you would never be attacked in daylight, bat you found to the contrary; and, if I am not mistaken, it will be some time before you recover quite from the effect of my hand. You think you can describe me. You are mistaken, I was disguised in every way; and to show you that what I say is true, I will be near you at the concert to-morrow evening, and you will not know me. Listen! You are a plucky woman, but you are not free from fear, with all your courage. Your face told me that. You have felt the weight of my hand once, but by God you shall feel it again, if you persist in a very different way. Think well, and believe me, I will trouble you no more, if you give in.
Yours, _ _ _ _."

Other threatening letters were then posted to Mrs. Bentley, apparently with the same object, namely, to prevent her appearance in public as a professional pianiste. On the morning of Sunday, the 10th of May, at 2 a.m., I was aroused from my sleep by a knock at the street door. I went down stairs and was informed that something was wrong; the house was searched, and we then unfastened the trap in the roof, (which had been made secure so as to shut off all access to the house), and found the sky window open, but no one was there; the window was propped open with a brick, as if to ensure escape; a circular hole about an inch in diameter had been made in the nursery ceiling, and another hole bad been commenced to our bedroom ceiling, exactly over our bed. In the roof was found a gimlet, full of lime, which had evidently been recently used; also an old knife, and some lucifers wrapped up in a tom piece of dirty paper, having upon it, in the same handwriting as the anonymous letters, fragments of what appear to be directions, viz., "for" "light sleeper" - "on the left hand side" - "finish at once" - "shoot."

A few days after the last alarming occurrence, Mrs. Bentley was asked officially by your committee to play at your then forthcoming concert, which invitation (after advising with those considered most competent to give advice), she accepted, two members of your committee, who also made the same request, having assured Mrs. Bentley that the usual courtesy heretofore shown on similar occasions (to Mrs. Bentley herself on one of such), of being led to the platform by the President or Vice President (if present), would, as a matter of course, be accorded to her.

The persecution herein detailed had seriously affected my wife's health. On the afternoon of the day of the concert she was very unwell, but determined not to fail in her engagement, and accordingly went to the concert with the full intention of performing the portion of the programme allotted to her. When the time arrived for that performance Mrs. Bentley naturally expected that, the president being absent, the vice-president, who was present, would, as a matter of course, conduct her to the platform; and being suddenly informed that that gentleman positively refused to do so, she was so pained and agitated at the idea that such a public refusal, by an official patron of your society (who was aware of the anonymous persecution Mrs. Bentley had been subjected to) might, in some minds at least, give countenance to the wicked slanders so artfully and so widely disseminated against her, that she (feeling that there was no alternative) withdrew from the concert room.

Since the concert I have had other of such anonymous letters placed in my hands by one of your committee, and another gentleman, stating the confidence of the writer that "after the just exposure that was made of Mrs. Bentley last night," by the vice-president, who, the writer asserts, was cognisant of her bad character, and had therefore publicly withholden from her the courtesy she was entitled to, had she been a lady of unblemished character," no further doubt will be left in their minds as to her being a disreputable person.

It is gratifying to me that your committee have published an advertisement, exonerating Mrs. Bentley from all blame in the course she adopted in declining to play.

I have endeavoured to be as brief as possible, but although much has therefore necessarily been omitted, my solicitors, Messrs. Johnson and Johnson, will certify that there is no colouring or suppression of facts whatever.
Feeling that the circumstances of the case are my justification in thus addressing you,
I remain, Ladies end Gentlemen,
Your obedient servant,
67, Elizabeth-street North, June 2nd, 1863.
P. S. - A REWARD of TWO HUNDRED POUNDS (£200) will be paid by me to any one who will give such information as may lead to the conviction of the offender or offenders.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Merewether (vice-president); see also [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1862), 8 

And also [Editorial], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1862), 4 

And also [Editorial], Freeman's Journal (7 June 1862), 4 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1862), 1 

NOTICE - In reference to the disgraceful proceedings disclosed in Mr. BENTLEY'S letter in yesterday's Herald and Empire, a PROTEST of INDIGNATION will be shortly submitted for the signature of every member of the musical profession resident in or near Sydney. G. PECK, Music Repository, 387, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (musician, musicseller)

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1862), 5 

[Yesterday] THE Legislative Assembly met at twenty-nine minutes past three p.m. . . . In answer to Mr. HOLT, Mr. COWPER said it was not yet decided by the Government to offer a reward for the discovery of the perpetrator of certain outrages on Mrs. Bentley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Cowper (premier)

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1862), 5 

A letter has appeared in the papers, under the signature of Thomas C. Bentley, detailing a system of persecution rarely if ever equalled. Both the writer and his wife, who is a well known pianist, have for a considerable time past been assailed with anonymous letters containing matter of the most detestable kind, designed evidently to injure Mrs. Bentley and an artist named Boulanger, who have further been thus maliciously defamed in letters addressed to the committees of the different musical societies. Some of the letters to Mrs. Bentley contain the most atrocious threats, and apparently have their origin in deep personal hatred or professional jealousy. Mr. Bentley offers a reward of £200 for the discovery of the perpetrators.

"NEWS AND NOTES, BY A SYDNEY MAN. CCXI", The Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (13 June 1862), 4 

The circumstance of all others that has caused most gossip and speculation here since my last, is the alleged mysterious persecution of Mrs. Bentley, whereof a narrative has been put forth, which has certainly been received with mingled feelings by the public. The matters referred to have been partly known to me for three or four months past, but were held to be of too delicate a nature for publicity. All scruples, however, are now set aside by the fact that Mr. Bentley has himself published long statements in the Sydney papers. This gentleman is, I believe, secretary to the Union Club. His wife is a a lady of considerable musical skill, and is said to be an accomplished pianist. This lady was in the habit of giving musical instruction to the daughters of several highly respectable citizens, and had formed a lucrative connection in this way when suddenly, some six months or so ago, a system of annoyance by means of anonymous letters was commenced. I am aware of several gentlemen - one or two being friends of my own having received these letters. They all pointed in one direction declaring that Mrs. Bentley was an immoral person that her previous history was disreputable, and that she was no fit companion for young ladies. These letters were invariably addressed to the parents or guardians of Mrs. Bentley's pupils, and in some instances perhaps did her injury; but most of the recipients early suspected a conspiracy, and circumstances soon confirmed the suspicion. Means were certainly devised by this hidden foe to throw Mrs. Bentley into equivocal situations, and on such occasions the relatives of some of her pupils were advised to be present at such a time, and such a place, in order that, circumstances thus brought about might convince them of her guilt. On one occasion she received a letter purporting to be from a Mrs. Morris, of Woolloomooloo, who stated that, being herself an invalid, she would be glad if Mrs. Bentley would call upon her (describing the situation of her house), in order to make arrangements for the tuition of her daughters. Mrs. Bentley, handed the note to her husband, asking him who Mrs. Morris was, but be didn't know. Mrs. Bentley kept the appointment, and went to Woolloomooloo, but there was no Mrs. Morris living there. At the same time, however, the father of one of her pupils had received another letter, telling him that he could now satisfy himself at once of Mrs. Bentley's impropriety of conduct, as she had gone to Woolloomooloo to meet a gentleman. My friend who read the letter at once took steps to discover the conspirators, if possible, and failed. About this time the whole affair was placed in the hands of Harrison, of the detective police, and Mr. Bentley and his friends, privately, offered £100 reward for the delivery of the anonymous letter-writer. Harrison took the case in hand, but could make nothing of it for some time. At last Mr. Boulanger, the pianist, came up to Sydney from Melbourne, and I heard that he was immediately subjected to a similar course of detraction. A letter denouncing him was sent to Mr. J. H. Plunkett, then in Melbourne, but that gentleman sent the anonymous epistle to Boulanger, and at the same time offered himself to supplement with £20, the reward offered for the discovery of the offender. This was about the position of affairs, so far as I knew anything of them, when, towards the close of last month, Mrs. Bentley consented to perform at a meeting of the Philharmonic Society. When, however, the time came for her to appear, Mr. F. L. S. Merewether, the Vice-President of the institution, refused to perform the usual courtesy of leading her forward to the audience. This caused the lady and her husband to leave the hall and now it seems that Mr. Bentley has made up his mind that the time had arrived to lay the whole affair before the public. Accordingly he published in the daily, and subsequently in some of the weekly journals, a long advertisement, professing to give a history of the whole affair regarding the persecution of Mrs. Bentley, but now appears many particulars - and most extraordinary ones too - which most of us had never heard of before, and from which it might be gathered that some mysterious personage was desirous of emulating Monte Christo, or dishing up again the Castle of Otranto, of the Old English Baron. It is unnecessary to copy Mr. Bentley's statements in reference to what I have already narrated, but I will extract those passages of his advertisement which supply entirely "new matter" - . . . [quotes extensively from Bentley's advertisement] . . . Such is the outline of a case that has caused no small amount of conjecture. I certainly shall not offer any further opinion on it at present than that it is all "passing strange," but will probably be made clearer in time. With this sage observation I shall merely add that Mr. Thomas Hall has offered £50 for the discovery of the mysterious tormentor in addition to the £200 now offered by Mr. Bentley; that the matter has been brought forward in the Assembly, and that opinions outside are very fluctuating on the subject.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkes (journalist)

"PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENTS", Empire (21 June 1862), 3 

The subject which has taken precedence of all others in the musical world of Sydney during the last month has been the publication of a long advertisement, relating to a number of letters written anonymously to various gentlemen interested in musical matters, and concerning Mrs. Bentley, an artiste of some celebrity. Several of the letters were also addressed to the lady herself. At present, the whole affair is enveloped in profound mystery, which time alone can unravel.

[Editorial], Empire (18 July 1862), 5

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (19 July 1862), 8 

"THE BENTLEY MYSTERY", Empire (21 July 1862), 2 

"THE BENTLEY SENSATION", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (9 August 1862), 4 

"THE BENTLEY ROMANCE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (16 August 1862), 2 

Another week has been suffered to elapse without any step being taken by Mr. Bentley, as promised, to elucidate this mystery. It is incomprehensible to us how this gentleman can take it so leisurely, after the parade he made relative to affidavits in course of being drawn up by his solicitors, with the alleged view of dispelling the cloud which enshrouds the whole of his startling story . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1862), 1 

SIR, - The depositions made on oath, by Mrs. Bentley, myself, and servants, have this day been placed in the hands of the authorities, and I much regret that it is not in my power to put the public in possession of all the facts and circumstances connected with this extraordinary persecution.
Believing that the publication of the said deposition would suffice to show how groundless and wicked the insinuation, or imputation, was, that Mrs. Bentley or myself were the contrivers of this conspiracy, I instructed Messrs. Reading and Wellbank to publish the same, at my own expense, in the form of a pamphlet, for distribution; but these gentlemen, after setting up about two sheets, informed me that they could not incur the responsibility of printing them.
Under these circumstances, I have had no course open to me but, in good faith, to leave the matter in the hands of the Government, who, I trust, after the public manner in which my character has been attacked, in consequence of "a narrative," drawn up by a "detective" officer, having been shown to an editor of a daily newspaper, as "my friend" (such narrative having since been pronounced by Mr. Cowper from his place in the Legislative Assembly as an "unofficial" document), will give it their earliest and most earnest consideration.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, THOMAS C. BENTLEY. 67, Elizabeth-street North, September 17.

ASSOCIATIONS: Reading and Wellbank (printers)

See also Thomas's further advertisement, [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 October 1862), 7 

And further reply, [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1862), 8 

[News], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (14 October 1862), 3 

"THE BENTLEY LETTERS have once again been brought before the public by Mr. Bentley, who has now announced his willingness to pay £200 as a reward to anyone giving such information as will lead to the discovery of the author, whose incognito hitherto has been as complete as that of the celebrated "Junius." Mr. Bentley has urged the Government also to offer a reward, but as yet without success. His own offer will only hold good until Christmas, after which day he purposes washing his hands of the whole affair, as he has now vindicated his own character by publishing a contradiction of Mr. Harrison's police report on which was grounded an article in the Empire insinuating that the police were of opinion that Mr. and Mrs. Bentley were themselves the authors. The vindication is contained in a number of apparently authentic letters from his solicitors (Messrs. Johnson and Johnson) as well as a memorandum from Mr. Robert Johnson, fully bearing out Mr. Bentley's statement of the position, and means of access to the loft, which Mr. Harrison reported as being inaccessible.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1862), 5 

The Legislative Assembly met yesterday at half-past three p.m. . . . Upon the item of £34,633, proposed for detective police, a long and warm discussion took place, having reference chiefly to the general question of employing any such body, and to the particular circumstances connected with the case of Mr. and Mrs. Bentley, known to the public as alleged victims of a singular persecution, carried on by means of anonymous letters, the authorship of which the police having been unable to detect, were inclined to fix upon the Bentleys themselves. It was agreed on all sides that the papers connected with the case ought to be produced . . .

"LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY. Wednesday", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1862), 3-4 

. . . Mr. COWPER being called upon by several honorable members, said he was quite prepared to state that the Government did not intend to do anything further in the Bentley case, it being the opinion of the police authorities that Mr. and Mrs. Bentley were the chief participators in the matter . . .

[News], Empire (23 October 1862), 5 

In the legislative Assembly, yesterday . . . Mr. MORRIS, alluding to the statement that Mrs. Bentley had been concerned in a similar case to that which had lately occurred here, in Exeter, in England, made a statement, on the authority of Mr. Bentley, as to the circumstance which occurred in England. The facts of the English case were, that when Mrs. Bentley, being then fourteen years of age, was passing through Exeter, she was palled into an old butcher's shop by some persons who compelled her to swear that she would become a Roman Catholic. She concealed this fact from her family for two days, during which time a stone was thrown into Mrs. Bentley's bedroom, attached to which there was a Roman Catholic document relative to the Council of Trent . . .
Mr. DRIVER thought the circumstance just stated, strengthened the supposition that the Bentleys were at the bottom of the Sydney mystery . . .

See also "DISCUSSION IN THE ASSEMBLY ON THE BENTLEY CASE. A BENTLEY MYSTERY IN ENGLAND", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (25 October 1862), 3 

And see also Thomas's letter of 23 October, [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1862), 8 

And [Editorial], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1862), 4 

[News], Empire (25 October 1862), 4 

IN the Legislative Assembly, yesterday . . . A petition was presented from Mr. T. C. Bentley, praying an inquiry into the circumstances of the alleged persecution of Mrs. Bentley; and Mr. DALGLEISH subsequently gave notice of his intention to move for a select committee . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Cameron Dalgleish (politician)

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1862), 2 

Sir, - I beg to enclose you an extract from the Western Luminary, which has been in my possession for the last twelve years, giving the substance of Miss Julia Munk's deposition, before the Mayor of Exeter, on the 6th December, 1850. Perhaps it would be necessary to remark that I am an entire stranger to any of the parties connected with the Bentley controversy.
I am, Sir, &c., A SUBSCRIBER. October 25, 1862.
The following is the substance of Miss Julia Munk's deposition, before the Mayor of Exeter, at the Guildhall, on the 6th of December, 1850: . . .

"NEW SOUTH WALES PARLIAMENT . . . THE BENTLEY CASE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1862), 2 

Mr. DALGLEISH moved, pursuant to notice, "1. That the matters referred to in the petition of Thomas Charles Bentley, presented to this House on 24th October, be referred to a select committee, with power to send for persons and papers . . . It was not necessary to enter very fully into the circumstances, as the attention of the public had been riveted to the case for months past, and as, on a recent occasion, the Colonial Secretary had recommended a select committee as the most appropriate mode of inquiry. He anticipated no objection, therefore, from the Government, more especially as it was shown during the late discussion that the detective system of police was to some extent identified with the case - the detective officer Harrison having stated that this persecution was a fabrication of the Bentleys themselves. Now, this hypothesis he (Mr. Dalgleish) did not consider worthy of a moment's consideration, nor was there anything put forward to support it . . . It should be remembered that this was not the only case in which persecution by anonymous correspondence had been carried on in this city. Not long since the proprietors of the Sydney Morning Herald had felt it their duty to offer a large reward for the discovery of the author of some advertisements reflecting on the character of one Chevalier D'Apice, and there were other cases in which similar persecution had taken place. The whole tenor of this Bentley correspondence had been of a threatening nature, and with the effect, apparently, of preventing Mrs. Bentley from pursuing her avocation as a teacher of music. In order to rebut the feeling that the Bentleys were the virtual authors of these letters, he (Mr. Dalgleish) referred to several of the letters written to Dr. Brereton (the Bentleys' medical attendant), Mr. H. Milford, &c., imputing conjugal infidelity to Mrs. Bentley, and imputing to her a criminal liaison with some gentleman well known at Government House. It was impossible, he maintained, for any reasonable person to conceive that either the wife could so blacken her own character or the husband seek to to defame her by this means. Of whatever explanation this matter might be susceptible, he was certain it was altogether impossible to maintain that the suspicions of the detective officers as to these letters being written by this lady herself could be borne out . . . Hon. members should bear in mind that in this as in other cases in which the police were engaged, where it was impossible to arrive at a legitimate conclusion, they considered it their bounden duty to give some solution of the mystery. In this particular case, with regard to which they could arrive at no reliable conclusion, they solaced their doubts with a belief that Mrs. Bentley herself was the author of these letters. In a report or memorandum to the chief of the police, an attempt was made to sustain the same views. It had been shown that this report of itself was wrong in many important points . . . From the mysterious circumstances of the case this officer no doubt felt himself at fault, and in order to retain the semblance of being perfect in his profession, had been induced to attach the whole blame in the case to the Bentleys themselves. He found a great deal of reliance placed, upon a circumstance which took place in England with regard to Mrs. Bentley, and some persons asserted that the documents in each case bore such a striking family likeness that they must of necessity be written by the same person. But he differed from this view of the case.
Now, if anything else were required in this matter, it might as well be taken from the detective officer's own mouth because Mr. Harrison stated distinctly that it would be impossible for Mr. Montagu, or Mr. Cutolo to have acted alone in this matter. There, must have been many concerned, and if that was his reason in one case, why did he leave that reason when he came to deal with the Bentleys. Reasons of this kind he did not think would go down with hon. members, and it was for this reason that he thought he had good cause to ask the House to grant a committee on this matter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles D'Apice (another victim); Henry Neville Montagu (alleged possible perpetrator); Cesare Cutolo (alleged possible perpetrator)

"THE BENTLEY MYSTERY", Illawarra Mercury (26 December 1862), 2 

. . . the Bentley mystery has engaged the attention of a committee of the Parliament of the country, and an attempt made to have a progress Report adopted by the House . . . The following is the Progress Report alluded to: -
Your committee have examined eighteen witnesses, but the approaching close of the session has prevented them taking all the evidence they desired . . . One of the witnesses, Signor Cutolo, whose name appears somewhat prominently in the deposition of the petitioner and his wife, and a suspected party, does not appear, from the evidence taken before your committee, to have been in the slightest degree liable to those imputations . . .


Mr. DALGLEISH moved - "That the evidence taken and documents produced before the select committee to whom was referred the petition if T. C. Bentley, presented to this House on Friday, 24th October, 1862, together with the progress report agreed to by that committee, be laid upon the table of this House." He said this motion was rendered necessary by the inability of the House to deal with this matter last session . . .

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1863), 6 

. . . Mr. COWPER opposed the motion. He was convinced, as he had already stated, that the case originated with the parties themselves, and he came to this conclusion from the observable fact that, since the investigation was instituted, the alleged anonymous letters had wholly ceased. The hon. gentleman read a letter received by inspector Harrison from the inspector of police at Exeter, which showed from the investigation made in that city as to alleged duress upon Mrs. Bentley (then Miss Munk), that the charge of forcible conversion to the Roman Catholic faith had been investigated, and, upon investigation, had subsided . . .

"ECHOES OF THE WEEK", Illawarra Mercury (3 July 1863), 2 

. . . Dalgleish has already given notice of his intention to play the part of an unmitigated nuisance throughout the Session. He has gone mad on "the Bentley case." He has succeeded in persuading the House to vote the production of the depositions and evidence taken in this matter last Session. It is greatly to be regretted that any such vote was carried at all. Whatever may be the merits of this controversy, it assuredly is not a case with which the Legislature has any legitimate concern. What on earth can it do? To examine a parcel of witnesses and draw up a Report will not answer the purposes of justice. It may certainly suit Mr. T. C. Bentley's interests to have the guarantee of a Parliamentary Report as to his own innocence in the matter. But if the police could not succeed in discovering the Frankenstein who was guilty of the atrocious ruffianism said to have been perpetrated upon Mrs. Bentley, does Mr. Dalgleish imagine that he will succeed in doing so. For my own part, I cannot resist the suspicion that the Bentley's are the authors of their own "persecution," and I believe that a majority of the public holds the same suspicion. I have read the depositions of the Bentleys, and Harrison's report upon the case, but have not yet seen the evidence taken by the Committee last Session. The case got up by the Bentleys is this; that some professional musician carried on a systematic persecution of Mrs. Bentley in order to prevent her from interfering with his professional prospects. With this object, they say, he sent anonymous letters to those gentlemen whose children happened to be under Mrs. Bentley's tuition. They at first accuse Mr. Rawack and Signor Cutolo, but afterwards abandoned their suspicions of the former and concentrated them upon the latter. Cutolo was the man, they insisted. But is it at all probable that a man of established reputation should put himself to such trouble for the sake of extinguishing such a rival as Mrs. Bentley? Mrs. B. was of no eminence in the musical world whatever, but was merely a skilful performer on the piano. If Cutolo was so envious of his musical brethren, why should he confine his "persecution" to this lady? Why should he not attempt the same mean practice in the case of more formidable rivals? The whole hypothesis is absurd. If Cutolo, however, wrote those letters, he must have possessed the most intimate knowledge of Mr. and Mrs. Bentley and their family concerns, such knowledge, indeed, as no stranger could possibly possess. The conclusion is irresistable, that the Bentleys concocted the whole affair in order to bring themselves into notice, and to attract business. Both of them are individuals of the most commonplace description, and are probably eaten up with inordinate vanity and love for social distinction. Nice subjects for legislative interference! . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Leopold Rawack (amateur musician); Rawack's wife Amalia Mauthner Rawack was a pianist, however, she had left Sydney to return to Europe in February 1861, and in 1865 divorced him

"LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY . . . THE BENTLEY CASE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1863), 3

Mr. DALGLEISH moved, "that the report from the select committee to whom was referred the petition of T. C. Bentley, together with the proceeding of the committee and minutes of evidence and appendix, be printed . . .
Mr. GARRETT contended that as the report stated that the inquiry had not been concluded, it would be unjust to print these documents . . . With regard to these matters, although not a member of the committee, he had attended very frequently in order to gaining information as to the merits of the case; and he believed it would not be denied that the committee had come to the conclusion that M. Cutolo did not write these letters, and if that was the effect of their report it narrowed the circle of those who were suspected, and, as the Bentleys were one of them did it not naturally strengthen the suspicion against them? . . .
Mr. DRIVER agreed . . . that if half of that which had been said against inspector Harrison were true, he would be a most undesirable person to retain in the public service, but he did not believe the evidence would sustain those charges. He would vote for the printing of the evidence. He had seen witnesses badgered in courts of justice, but he confessed! he had never seen a witness badgered in the manner Mr. Harrison was badgered before this committee. He did not intend to follow the hon member for West Sydney through all the assertions he had made but there was one to which he would refer. He made one statement damaging to Mr. Harrison upon the evidence of M. Boulanger, but he subsequently stated Monsieur Boulanger had told a deliberate lie and was unworthy of credit. Why, then, should the hon. member have made such a charge upon evidence so unworthy? He did not believe inspector Harrison to be guilty of the conduct imputed to him, and would vote for the printing of the papers . . .


Your readers will recollect a detailed account of a cowardly system of annoyance practised upon a professional lady in Sydney, which I furnished you with about a twelvemonth ago, and the sequel to which I promised to forward as soon as further developed. I now send the following, offering no further remark than that as the lady has many friends in the West of England, they may be anxious to know the matter is not lost sight of: -

"Mrs. Bentley, who lived in a retired part of Sydney, was, according to her own statement and that of her husband, not only threatened horribly in epistolary communications, but was actually attacked by some unknown persons, en masque, and watched even in the dead of night, and within her own domicile. The matter, of course, attracted the attention of the police; but so strange did it appear, and so completely were the ordinary magisterial authorities baffled by it, that a select committee of the N. S. W. House of Assembly was some time ago appointed to investigate the case. The Chief Secretary of the House of Assembly, Mr. Cowper, in replying to Mr. Dalgleish, Chairman of the Committee, expressed his conviction that the Bentleys were themselves the conspirators in this case, and that the publication of the report of the committee would result in no benefit to the public. He said that when he first heard of the cruelties alleged to have been practised on Mrs. Bentley, he took steps to have the affair fully investigated. "He accordingly sent to the inspector-general of police, but he was out of town, and the clerk in charge told him that this matter had been before the police for the last six months; that the Bentleys had asked for the interposition of the police, and that they had done all they could to find out the truth of those letters, and that the result of the inquiry was of the opinion that Mr. and Mrs. Bentley had written the letters themselves. Mr. Cowper reiterated his conviction that the whole mystery originated in, and was upheld by, the clever acting of the Bentleys, and produced a letter addressed to Detective Harrison, by Mr. Steele, chief superintendent of police at Exeter, in which place Mrs. Bentley (then Miss Munk) had resided. This letter, which bore date February 19, 1863, Mr. Cowvper read to the House. It throws so much light upon this strange affair that we are tempted to quote it in full: -

I did not think it necessary upon receipt of our your first communication to go fully into the reports circulated by Miss Julia Munk - as you appeared to be already in possession of the facts as then reported. Miss Julia had reported to her family that, as her way to and returning from school, she had repeatedly been accosted by a respectable-looking elderly man - the purport of his conversation being to turn her from the Protestant to the Catholic faith; and upon one occasion she was forced into a butcher's shop (empty), the door was locked, and a fearful oath administered to her - the image of the Virgin being held before her at the time; that letters with stones attached had been thrown through her bedroom window, after she had retired to rest; and the result of such persecution was likely to have a serious effect upon her health. When all these particulars were brought before the Magistrates (this was done most privately), great sympathy was felt for the family, her father being a most respectable tradesman (wholesale ironmonger). A warrant was granted to apprehend the man who forced her into the butcher's shop. I placed a detective in the direction of Miss Munk's way to school, and it was arranged that if the man was seen, Miss Munk was to give a signal to the officer. I also had officers in plain clothes watching the bouse, but nothing was ever seen of the man, nor anything thrown into the bedroom after I had the case in hand.

Now, with respect to the first report, I could not find anyone who had ever seen a gentleman with Miss Munk, although she was well known. living but a short distance from where this was supposed to have taken place. As for the butcher's shop, it is situated in a public part of Exeter, with shops on each side, that if anyone had been attempted to be forced in, as was reported, they had only to scream. Now, the key of the said shop never was out of the possession of the person in charge of the same - then how could entry be obtained? I now come to the bedroom. Upon my examining the window, I was at once struck that the glass had been broken from the inside instead of the outside, Mr. Pridham, the family surgeon, was in the room with me, and I drew his attention to the appearance of the glass. He said, "This is most extraordinary; after that I scarcely know what to think about Miss Julia's reports." After some time, and after all inquiries had been made that could be made, I reported to the Magistrates that I had no belief in the reports made by Miss Munk. It may be asked what motive could she have had (and such was asked at the time) in getting up such reports. These are questions I could [? not] answer; but this I hesitate not to say, there was not the slightest foundation for them that I could discover. Since I received your first communication I have seen Miss Hake, at whose school Miss Munk then was. Miss Hake said that, so satisfied was she that the reports were all false, and other circumstances in the school coming to her knowledge unfavourable to Miss Munk, she would not keep her in the school, as she considered by so doing she should have her establishment disgraced. You mention her brother, Dr. Munk. He caused, I believe, every inquiry to be made among the Catholics, but, I need scarcely state, without effect.

The letters were never out of the possession of the family.

Latterly I have been repeatedly accosted by persons with - "Miss Munk that was, Mrs. Bentley that is now is, is at her tricks again at Sydney." I could narrate several circumstances, all certainly not tending to the truthfulness of the lady."

A local writer says: - "Those who remember the peculiarities of the case, which we formerly narrated at length in these columns, will have difficulty in conceiving that the hypothesis to which this letter naturally leads offers a full explanation of them. At the same time, whatever be the explanation, the whole story deserves to take rank as one of the most startling which has been enacted in these colonies; nor is it rendered less peculiar from the fact of the police-officer who was appointed to unravel the mystery having, as he is declared on his own evidence to have done, attempted the seduction of the female he was expected to succour. The report of the proceedings of the committee, ordered by the Assembly to be presented has not yet come under our notice.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1863), 4 

In the Legislative Assembly yesterday . . . In reply to Mr. BURDEKIN, Mr. SMART stated that the cost of printing the report, evidence, and papers connected with the petition of Mr. Bentley was £250; the shorthand writers' charges were £200.

In more detail, see "LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY . . . EXPENSE OF THE BENTLEY PAPERS", Empire (24 September 1863), 3 

[Editorial], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1863), 4 

. . . The evidence taken before the Committee appointed last session to inquire into the petition of Mr. Thomas Charles Bentley is now printed. The only interest which survives in the case is the illustration it affords of the power of any foolish member to put the public to an enormous expense in pursuance of some crotchet of his head. There was nothing whatever in the case of Mr. Thomas Charles Bentley to entitle the House to take cognisance of it. If people are injured by anonymous letters, - or assailed by professional rivals, the Courts are open, and law affords redress so soon as the culprit is detected . . . All we can say now is that the letters ceased to be written, and Mrs. Bentley has passed from the case of the police to the ordinary protection of domestic life, without apparently any bad consequences. The report of the committee acquits Signor Cutolo on all share in this alleged persecution. But he has been pointed out by the Bentleys as one of the culprits. He being an Italian, this kind of plotting and secret assassination was attributed with very great freedom to him as the development of the national and professional jealousies. It was fortunate for Signor Cutolo that when the general accusation took the shape of precise fact, he was in the hands of his physician, and by the dates of his prescriptions was enabled to show that it was utterly impossible he could have taken the part ascribed to him. There being nothing further to implicate the worthy musician, the committee could hardly do otherwise than declare these accusations unfounded. It is all very well to pity poor persecuted people, but there is a kind of persecution not less savage, and that is the reckless imputation of conduct to men whose character is as precious as that of any for whose sake they are immolated. Signor Cutolo and his character were given on venture as a contribution to this precious plot, one which we should have supposed to be altogether in probable had not the records of the past given us not only a parallel at Exeter, but many others in various cities and countries.

"THE BENTLEY MYSTERY", Illawarra Mercury (29 September 1863), 4 

We have received [a] volume issued from the Government printing office, containing the evidence taken before the select committee of the Assembly on the Bentley case. The volume numbers altogether some 370 or 380 closely printed pages of foolscap. The committee appear to have sat eighteen days, and to have examined the same number of witnesses. Altogether, no less than 9,475 questions were asked and answered, and these fill up 309 pages. The remainder of the book is made up of the appendix, and of this, the deposition made by Mr. and Mrs. Bentley, and their two servant[s], resident in the house, Anna Maria Bradshaw and Mary Ryan, occupies 44 pages. The depositions embrace all the anonymous letters about Mrs. Bentley addressed to her friends, and contains a tale fully equal in horror and incident to even Anne Radcliffe's Mysteries of Udolpho or Walpole's Castle of Otranto. Besides the four witnesses above mentioned, the others examined were Mrs. John Black, of the mercantile firm of Mollison and Black; Mr. Edward Boulanger, the well-known pianist, who has since died at Shanghai; Dr. Le Gay Brereton, Mrs. Bentley's medical adviser; Detectives Champhin and Sanderson; sub-inspector Harrison; Mr. W. Elyard, the under secretary in the Colonial Secretary's department; Mr. Harris, in Sands and Kenny, the booksellers' employ; Mrs. Lindsay and her daughter, who lived opposite the Bentley's; Signor Cutolo, at one time suspected of being at the bottom of the "conspiracy" but who was fully exculpated by the select committee; the Inspector-General of polie; Mr. Edward Wrench, of the firm of Richardson and Wrench, auctioneers; and a youth named Fredrick Sigmont. The names of Mr. Clarke Irving, Mr. Francis Lewis Shaw Merewether (at one time auditor-general), Mr. San Juste, and other celebrities are freely mentioned throughout the case, and no concealment is made of the suspicions entertained against persons. It appears that the individuals against whom the chief suspicion existed on the part of the Bentleys were Signor Cutolo and Mr. Montagu, a musical critic, whose real name is Nathan, but a Mr. Rawack the husband of a Madame Rawack, a pianiste, and Mr. San Juste were also at one time suspected. From a perusal however of the evidence, it is clear that none of those persons had anything to do with the matter, and the conclusion most intelligent, and impartial people will come to from reading it is that the Bentleys themselves, or one of them, from a monomania or some motive, were the originators of the conspiracy and carried it out. We may frankly confess that until we read the evidence we has strong opinions that the Bentleys were the victims of as foul a plot as was ever conceived, but we closed the volume withe a very different impression. - Goulburn Chronicle.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Muirhead Sigmont (1846-1908, witness), a son of William Abercrombie Sigmont (musician of Goulburn); The mysteries of Udolpho (Ann Radcliffe); The castle of Otranto (Horace Walpole)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1863), 1 

On the 25th instant, Emily Maud, aged nine months, the infant daughter of Thomas Charles Bentley, Esq., of 67, Elizabeth-street North.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 September 1868), 1

On the 8th instant, at Burwood, THOMAS CHARLES BENTLEY, Esq., Secretary to the Union Club, Sydney, aged 41 years.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1923), 14 

BENTLEY.- February 27, 1923, at her residence, Warrawillah, Hunter's Hill, Julia, widow of the late Thomas Charles Bentley, of Colfe Lodge, Burwood.

Other sources:

Progress report from the select committee on the petition of Thomas Charles Bentley: together with the proceedings of the committee, minutes of evidence and appendix . . . ordered by the Legislative assembly to be printed, 9 July 1863 (Sydney: Thomas Richards, govt. printer, 1863) (DIGITISED)

See also petitions of Thomas Charles Bentley (24 October 1862, and 12 November 1862): 

And Cesare Cutolo (12 November 1862): 

Bibliography and resources:

"BENTLEY MYSTERY", in Australian s\dictionary of dates and men of the time: containing the history of Australasia from 1542 to May, 1879 by J. H. Heaton (Sydney: George Robertson, 1879), part 2, 39 (DIGITISED)

BENTLEY MYSTERY, THE. A pianiste named Julia Bentley (formerly Miss Monk, of Exeter, England), with her husband, Thomas Charles Bentley, afterwards secretary of the Union Club, Sydney, arrived in New South Wales in January, 1860. In May, 1861, and during the seven succeeding months, a number of anonymous letters affecting the character of Mrs. Bentley were received by the leading inhabitants of Sydney. She alleged that she was insulted and violently assaulted in the streets of the city. A parliamentary inquiry was held commencing on November 14, 1862; progress report stating that no satisfactory conclusion as to the authorship of the letters had been arrived at by the committee and exonerating all those accused by the Bentleys. Sub-Inspector Harrison, of the Detective Police, gave evidence of his belief that Mrs. Bentley wrote the anonymous letters, and in support of his opinion, referred to a similar occurrence having happened to Mrs. Bentley, when a girl, some years previously, in Exeter. December 19, 1862.

"OUR STRANGE PAST: WHO SCARED MRS. BENTLY", The Mail [Adelaide, SA] (28 March 1953), 4s

BERG, Charles (Carl Reinhold BERG; Charles BERG; Mr. C. R. BERG; Herr BERG; "Herr BERRY")

Musician, trombonist, trombone and bass tuba player

Born Vasteras, Vastmanland, Sweden, 8 June 1825; baptised Vasteras Stadsforsamling, 9 June 1825; son of Carl Olaf BERG and Christina Casja SVEDBERG
Married Johanna Christina JOHANSON (c. 1820-1903), Sweden, by c. 1851
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 October 1853 (per Goldfinder, from Liverpool, 22 July, aged "28")
Died Sandringham, VIC, 8 May 1890, aged "64" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, Vasteras Stadsforsamling, Vastmanland, Sweden, 1825; Sweden, select baptisms database (PAYWALL)

9 June 1825 / born 8 June 1825 / Carl Reinhold / [son of] Carl Olof Berg [and] Stina Cajsa Svedberg

Baptisms, Svea Livgardes, Stockholm, Sweden, 1852; Sweden, select baptisms database (PAYWALL)

24 March 1852 / [born] 22 March 1852 / Axel Victor Carl Reinholdsson / [son of] Carl Reinhold Berg / [and] Johanna Christ. Johansson

Names and descriptions of passengers per Goldfinder, from Liverpool, 22 July 1853, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Johann Lundberg / 27 / Gentleman // Carl Berg / 28 / Gentleman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John William Lundborg (musician); for the later arrival of his wife a child see, Names and descriptions of passengers per Champion of the Seas, from Liverpool, 10 October 1854, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Mrs. Berg / 25 // [and] Infant . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1854), 8

QUEEN'S THEATRE. This evening (Saturday), second night of the justly celebrated Nelson Family.
The evening's entertainments will commence with a Grand Concert by the Nelson Family, assisted by Mr. Thom, from Musard's Concerts, Paris, Herr Berg, from the King's Theatre, Stockholm, Herr Lundberg, from the King's Theatre, Stockholm.
To be followed by Mr. W. M. Akhurst's Vaudeville, entitled, "Quite Colonlal."
To conclude with the very laughable local catastrophe, by Mr. F. M. Soutten, entitled, "The Russians in Melbourne."
Doors open at half-past seven. To commence at eight.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Nelson and family (musician, vocalists, entertainers); Bream Thom (violin); William Mower Akhurst (dramatist); Frank Morris Soutten (dramatist); Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"THE NELSON FAMILY", The Argus (23 October 1854), 5 

An admirable evening's entertainment was given at the Queen's Theatre, on Saturday, by this fainily, assisted by Herr Berg and Herr Lunberg. The orchestra, conducted by Mr. Thom, performed their work in excellent style . . . We anticipate for these Saturday evening entertainments continued and still increasing popularity.

[Advertisement], The Age (26 October 1854), 1 

Has the honor to announce, that she has made an arrangement with Messrs. Young and Hydes for the use of the above Theatre for a
VERY LIMITED NUMBER OF NIGHTS, and that she will make her first appearance, before a i Melbourne audience, in a
GRAND CONCERT, on Saturday evening, October 28th, 1854, on which occasion she will be assisted by
and a large and efficient Orchestra, under the direction
MR. LAVENU, who has kindly volunteered his valuable services . . .
PART 2 . . . Concertante Duett, Clarionet and Valve Trombone - Herr Bey and Herr Lundberg . . .
Conductor, Mr. Lavenu. Leader, Mr. Thom.

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Hayes (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); John Winterbottom (bassoon); Lewis Henry Lavenu (musical director); Charles Young and John Proctor Hydes (theatre managers)

"QUEEN'S THEATRE - MISS CATHERINE HAYES", The Argus (30 October 1854), 5

Saturday evening witnessed the debut in Melbourne of the far-famed Miss Catherine Hayes . . . The first piece set down in the programme for performance was the overture to Herold's opera Zampa, which was performed by an excellent band, led by Mr. Thom, and conducted by Mr. Lavenu, who was a volunteer, and did considerably more than gentlemen in that capacity generally perform. The overture was well given and, with the exception of a little dilemma into which the horns got, but from which they soon extricated themselves, the performance was such as would have ensured approval from any audience . . . The second division of the concert opened with the overture to Auber's chef d'oeuvre Masaniello, spiritedly given by the band . . . An instrumental duet, for clarionet and valve trombone, given by Herrn Berg and Lundberg, two Swedish musicians, was much applauded, although it appeared somewhat slow amongst the more exciting performances of the evening . . .

"MELBOURNE (From our Correspondent) November 3rd, 1854", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (4 November 1854), 4 

The third concert of Miss Hayes took place last evening at the Queen's Theatre. Miss Hayes, as on previous occasions, was most enthusiastically received . . . Mr. Winterbottom on his bassoon, and Herr Berg on the trombone, received a fair share of applause.

"QUEEN'S THEATRE. LAST NIGHT", The Argus (8 November 1854), 5 

A house crammed to the rafters greeted the debut of Miss Hayes last evening in opera . . . The concert which preceded the opera contained several pieces already familiar to the audience . . . Unwillingly (for our space demands the sacrifice) must we pass over without further not notice the admirable instrumental solos performed during the evening by Mr. Winterbottom, Berg, and Lundberg . . . The second portion of the entertainment consisted of selections from the popular opera by Donnizetti, La Figlia del Reggimento, the work has necessarily been much mutilated in consequence of the omission of the tenor character - an unavoidable circumstance . . .

"MISS HAYES", The Age (14 November 1854), 5 

Miss Catherine Hayes gave another concert on Saturday evening. The audience comprised a large number of the leading families of the City and the neighbourhood. The overture was played in a style that fully sustained the merited reputation of the orchestra . . . The duet by Herr Berg and Herr Lund Berg was well played, the merits of these gentlemen being of no common order . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 December 1854), 8 

QUEEN'S THEATRE, Saturday Evening, December 2nd,
Grand Concert. Complimentary Benefit Given to Mr. Emile Coulon
Upon which occasion he will be assisted by the following artists: -
Mrs. Testar, Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle, Herr Strebinger, Mr. Thom, Herr Berg, Herr Lundberg, Mr. White,
And Full Orchestra and Chorus.
Part 1. Overture - Les Diamans de la Couronne - Auber . . .
Part II. Overture - Full Orchestra - Rossini . . .
Solo on the Trombone - By Herr Berg . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle (clarinet, turkophone); Frederick Strebinger (violin); Thomas White (piano)

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1855), 8 

QUEEN'S THEATRE. Mons. Emile Coulon's Farewell to Victoria.
Saturday Evening, January 27, 1855 . . .
Programme. Part 1. Overture- Les Diamans de la Couronne - Auber . . .
Grand Duetto Concertante, for Clarinetto and Trombone, Messrs. Lumberg and Berg . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 June 1855), 2 

GRAND CONCERT by the Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society,
consisting of Fifty Performing Members, in aid of the Funds of the GEELONG HOSPITAL,
On THURSDAY, JUNE 28TH, 1855, At the Independent Chapel, McKillop-street.
For which occasion the services of Mrs. Testar, have been secured, and Mr. Ewart, Mr. Kawerau, Herr Lundborg, Herr Berry, and Mr. Thom have kindly volunteered to assist.
Principals - Mrs. Testar, Mr. Ewart, Mr. Kawerau.
Leader - Mr. Thom.
Principal Clarionet - Herr Lundberg.
Trombone and Bass Tuba - Herr Berry.
Conductor - Mr. John Rogers.
PROGRAMME [Part 1 excepts from Messiah, Part 2 excerpts from The creation] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Ewart (vocalist); Theodore Kawerau (vocalist); John Rogers (conductor); Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society (association)

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 July 1855), 8

Grand Opening of THE THEATRE ROYAL, Bourke-street.
ON MONDAY NEXT, JULY 16th. Under the Sole Management of MR. JOHN BLACK . . .
Orchestra, Mr. B. Thom - Conductor;
Herr Strebinger - Leader; Messrs. King and Radford - 1st violins;
Messrs. Moore and King - 2nd do.; Messrs, Thomas and Pring - Tenors;
Mr. Gover - Double bass; Herr Berry [sic] - Bass tubo [sic];
Mr. Creed Royal - Flute; Herr Lundberg - Clarionet;
Mr. Johnson - Oboe; Herrs Kohler and Schultz - Horns;
Messrs. Prinz and Stewart - Cornets;
Mr. Elsey - Timpani; Mr. Murphy - Side Drum . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward King and one of his brothers (violins); one of the Radford brothers (violin); Andrew Moore (violin); Herbert Thomas (viola); Henry Barman Gover (double bass); Creed Royal (flute); Henry Johnson (oboe); Franz Kohler (horn); Henry Prince (cornet); Edward Stewart (cornet); Robert Ilsey (timpani); John Melton Black (manager); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

"OPENING OF THE THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (16 July 1855), 5 

This splendid Theatre will be opened to the public this evening for the first time . . . The National Anthem will precede the other performances, and, in order to give every effect to it, Mrs. Testar has been engaged for the solos, and the chorus will include the whole of the company, upwards of a hundred persons. The band will be on a very efficient scale, both as to numbers and individual ability, - the names of Thom, Strebinger, Creed Royal, Berg, Lundberg, Johnson, &c., being powerful evidence of the latter . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (19 July 1855), 5

The occupation of our columns yesterday by the European intelligence which arrived by the White Star, necessitated the holding over of an account we had prepared of the inauguration on Monday evening of the Theatre Royal . . . The orchestra has been well organised by Mr. Thom, and its members consist of the 'pick' of our colonial instrumentalists. The overture to "Der Freischutz" was splendidly rendered, and the selection from the "Lucia di Lammermoor" was also very finely played, the performance in the latter of the fine melody of "Fra Poco," by Messrs. Berg and Prince, the former on the tuba basso, and the latter on the cornet-a-piston, being especially worthy of remark. The noble march in the "Prophete" was also splendidly given, and even better when repeated the next evening. It is very certain that the orchestral performances at this establishment will form a most attractive item in the programme . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (30 July 1855), 5

. . . In our previous notices of the Theatre Royal we have scarcely done sufficient justice to the splendid orchestra. That it may not be assumed that we have overlooked one of the principal attractions of the establishment, we hasten to express our opinion, founded us it is upon considerable experience of these colonies, that an equal amount of instrumental talent could not be collected in any other part of them. Mr. Thom makes an admirable conductor, and is efficiently supported by Herr Strebinger, as leader, - many of the performers, as Mr. Creed Royal (flute), M. Berry (tuba basso), Mr. Lundberg (clarionet), and Mr. Kohler (cornet a piston) have a European musical reputation, which their fine performances here have proved they deserved . . . During the week the overtures to "Prometheus" and "Stradella" have been given by the orchestra, and also a grand selection of ball music to occupy the entre actes . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Wildblood Kohler (cornet)

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8 

MRS. THOM to the undersigned Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne. Ladies and Gentlemen, - I cannot leave this city without offering you my very sincere thanks for the handsome testimonials of your esteem and regard with which you have presented me . . .
[orchestra members ] J. Lavenu, F. Strebinger, F. Coppin, H. Berg, Sundborg [Lundborg], Prinz, E. D. King, A. Moore, H. Johnson, H. Kohler, H. B. Gover, P. Thomas, Hurierbein [Huenerbein], Kohler, A. Plock, J. Murrell, G. Naughton, R. Ilsay . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Thom (actor, wife of Bream); Frederick Coppin (violin); August Christian Huenerbein (musician); Adam Plock (musician); John Murrell (musician); George Naughton (musician)

Names and descriptions of passengers per Red Jacket, from Melbourne, 9 January 1856, for Liverpool; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Charles Berg / 26 [sic] . . .

Names and descriptions of passengers per Red Jacket, from Melbourne, 25 September 1856, for Liverpool; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . C. Berg / 30 [sic] . . .

"SHIPPING . . . IMPORTS", The Age (10 March 1858), 4 

March 9 - Wild Ranger, from London: 1 case, C. R. Berg . . .

Naturalisation index, 1858; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Carl Reinhold Berg / Professor & Teacher of Music / Sandridge / [age] 33 / [born] Westeras, Sweden / [date] 8. 9. 58

[Advertisement], The Age (1 June 1859), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL, Sole Proprietor Mr. G. V. Brooke.
The Public is respectfully informed this this establishment will re-open for the
NEW SEASON, and under NEW MANAGEMENT, On Thursday next, June 2nd . . .
THE ORCHESTRA Carefully selected, will comprise the following members: -
Leader - Herr Strebinger; Clarionet - Mr. Lundborg;
1st Violin - Mr. F. Coppin; Cornet - Mr. Richardson;
2nd Violin - Mr. Levy; Trombone - Mr. Bury [sic];
Contra Basso - Mr. Chapman; Harp - Mr. Seabrooke;
Drums - Mr. Hillsey; Flute - Mr. Julius Siede
Conductor - MR. JOHN WINTERBOTTOM (His first appearance these four years) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Vaughan Brooke (actor, manager); Barnett Levy (violin); Samuel Chapman (bass); James William Richardson (cornet); Julius Siede (flute)

[Advertisement], The Age (28 June 1859), 1 

Dear Sir, - We the undersigned Members of the Dramatic Company and Orchestra of the Theatre Royal, anxious to mark our respect for the Memory of the late Mrs. Charles George Mortyn (professionally known as Miss Ellen Mortyn) tender our gratuitous services for one night; the receipts of such night to be appropriated for the benefit of the late Mrs. Mortyn's orphan children . . .
We are, dear Sir, Your obedient servants . . .
[orchestra members] J. Winterbottom, J. Strebenger, T. Chapman, G. Seabrook, J. W. Lundborg, J. Siede, B. Levy, J. Richardson, Robt. Ilsey, C. R. Berg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1859), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL, Solo Proprietor, Mr. G. V. Brooke.
For the Benefit of the Mother and Children Of the late ELLEN MORTYN.
Overture, "Zampa" - Herold . . .
Grand Operatic Selection, Norma, first time.
Selection from La Traviata, with Solos for Clarionet Mr. Lun