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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bla-By)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this :

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–B (Bla-By)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 6 March 2021

Bla - By

"BLACK", Charles ("Black Charles")

Fiddler, violin player, sailor

Active VDL (TAS), ? c. 1803-04

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

A black American violinist entertained a shore party from the vessel Sydney on the coast of Tasmania, in company with the flute-playing sergeant Samuel Thorne of the Hobart garrison, was probably "Black Charles" mentioned elsewhere as one of the ship's sailors.

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Holt, A rum story, ed. Peter O'Shaughnessy (Kenthurst, 1988), 100

Marjorie Tipping, Convicts unbound (Melbourne, 1988), 70, 316, 328

Malcolm Ward, Sergeant Samuel Thorne: a Royal Marine in the Napoleonic wars and a first settler of Port Phillip and Hobart Town (South Hobart: Malcolm Ward, 2007) 

Jordan 2012, 201

Richard Holmes, "HMS Calcutta to VDL / Royal Marines and Fams", posted 6 May 2002 

Malcolm Ward, The royal marine and the convict: Samuel Thorne, James Ward and their heritage at Pitt Water and the Lower Ferry (Orford: Tasmania Family and Property History Research, [2016]) 

BLACK, John (John BLACK)

Comic vocalist

Axctive VIC, c. 1857-59


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (1 September 1857), 4 

EL DORADO CONCERT HALL . . . Miss Juliana King, Mr. Percival, Madame Rolland and Mr. John Black, Mr. Thompson . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (27 October 1857), 3 

NOTICE. JACOB VAN DE BEEG HAS succeeded in engaging MR. BLACK, The celebrated Comic Singer, MR. PERCIVAL, The celebrated Sentimental Singer, And Ladies of talent.
At the Britannia Hotel, Upper Woolshed . . .

"MOUNT ALEXANDER HOTEL", Mount Alexander Mail (23 November 1859), 3 

BLACK, John (John BLACK; from c. 1860, John Melton BLACK)

Theatre builder, manager, proprietor (Theatre Royal, Princess' Theatre, Melbourne)

Born Bolton, Lancashire, England, 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1852
Departed QLD, 1867
Died Hampstead, London, England, 8 September 1919 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THEATRICAL ARTISTES FOR AUSTRALIA", The morning chronicle (7 April 1856), 3

Mr. J. H. Wilton has engaged a corps of theatrical artistes, who will take their departure for Australia in the ship James Baines, which was expected to sail from Liverpool for Melbourne on Sunday morning. They have been engaged for the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and will be accompanied by Mr. Black, the lessee and builder of that establishment, and by Mr. W. N. Lyons, Mr. Wilton's locum tenens. The artistes already engaged by Mr. Wilton are Miss Fitzpatrick, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, and Mr. Linley Norman, Mddle. d'Antoine, and Mons. Martin. Mr. Wilton is also in treaty for an Australian trip, with Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon, and Miss Cushman, Mr. Charles Matthews having for the present declined Mr. Wilton's offer, on the score of the ill-health of his wife (Madame Vestris.)

"THEATRE ROYAL. OUR LYCEUYM. ENGLISH OPERA", The Argus (1 September 1856), 5 

The Queen's Theatre, re-baptized under the title of "Our Lyceum," opens this evening with an English operatic troupe, under the management of Mr. John Black. The opera selected for the occasion is the "Bride of Lammermoor," and it will be the first time Donizetti's celebrated work has been presented in an English dress to a Victorian audience. Having had the advantage of witnessing a rehearsal we are enabled to give as an opinion that success will be found to be merited by the new arrivals, and we therefore look to see it achieved. Miss Julia Harland, the prima donna, is a daughter of Mr. Henry Wallack, well known to the British and American boards. From the slight opportunity we have had of judging of her professional qualities we are inclined to augur for her a flattering success. We have also a good opinion of the qualifications possessed by Mr. W. Sherwin, the tenor, and hope to see him ere many nights have elapsed a favorite with our Melbourne play-goers. Mr. Farquarson is decidedly an immense acquisition to our corps d'opera, and although Ashton is not a telling part for him, we anticipate a grand treat for the patrons of Our Lyceum this evening from the thoroughly established reputation which this excellent singer has acquired in the mother country, and which has been fully endorsed by our Sydney neighbors. Mr. Gregg and Mrs. Fiddes will, we believe, also appear. The orchestra and chorus have been judiciously selected. The former is under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, with Strebinger for leader, and numbers several of our most popular instrumental performers, including Messrs. King (first violin), Johnson (clarionet), Hartigan (ophecleide), and in addition a Mr. Siche [recte, Siede], a flautist of high reputation in England and Germany, and who has only very recently arrived in the colony. Mr. Hosking, an admirable light comedian, who will be well remembered by the ci-divant patrons of Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood, also makes his debut this evening as Colonel Jack Delaware, a Yankee "patter" part, in the farce of "A Fast Train."

Bibliography and resources:

Dorothy Gibson-Wilde, "Townsville's neglected founder: the mysterious Mr. Black" (11 May 2009)

"John Melton Black", Wikipedia 

BLACK, John Reddie (John Reddie BLACK; Mr. J. R. BLACK)

Vocalist, delineator, journalist, photographer

Born Dysart, Fyfe, Scotland, 8 January 1826
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1857
Died Yokohama, Japan, 11 June 1880 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Having been briefly an Enfield resident and Adelaide businessman, Mr. J. R. Black was "not unknown to his auditors" when he appeared at Kensington Institute in Adelaide in July 1858. Though "few perhaps who have admired his occasional songs or duets imagined him capable of arresting the attention of an audience for an entire evening", nevertheless, as accompanied by the talented young pianist Richard Baxter White, R.A.M., "in this he was completely successful". He toured themed programs of Scotch and Patriotic songs, interlarded with anecdotes, that became surprisingly popular.

In Sydney in November 1859, a complimentary benefit was organised on his behalf with patronage at the highest level. Later in Sydney, W. J. Johnson published John Blockley's Tennyson song Break, break, break as "Sung by Mr. J. R. Black", perhaps coinciding with his performances of the song there in April 1861.

In Hobart, the bookbinder George Rolwegan issued Caller Herrin as "The Celebrated Scotch Song . . . as sung by Mr. J. R. Black, with symphony from Knapton's variations", first advertised on 31 December 1861.

Black had apparently left Australia by early 1863, and in 1864 it was widely but incorrectly reported that he had died in Calcutta. By 1864 was in Japan, where he worked as a photographer and publisher of English language newspapers including The Japan Herald and The Far East. He also published a book Young Japan. His son, Henry James Black, born in Adelaide on 22 December 1858, reportedly became Japan's first foreign-born Kabuki actor.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1858), 1

"MR. J. R. BLACK'S ENTERTAINMENT", South Australian Register (1 July 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (26 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 January 1859), 3

"THE NATIONAL MELODIES OF MANY LANDS", Empire (28 September 1859), 8

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1859), 1

"SOCIAL", Empire (12 November 1859), 4

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (28 July 1860), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (23 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (31 May 1861), 1

"MR. J. R. BLACK" and "MR. T. P. HILL", The Mercury (5 June 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (31 December 1861), 3

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian  Register (10 August 1891), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Ian McArthur, Mediating modernity: Henry Black and narrated hybridity in Meiji Japan (Ph.D thesis, University of Sydney, 2002)

 Ian McArthur, Henry Black: on stage in Meiji Japan (Clayton: Monash University Publishing, [2013]) 

"J. R. Black", Wikipedia


Pianoforte maker and tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1859
Died Malvern, VIC, 24 September 1914, in his 83rd year ("pianoforte expert; a colonist of 62 years")


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 October 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1861), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 September 1914), 1


Chorister, organist, architect

Born NSW, 26 October 1857; son of Edmund BLACKET
Died Manly, NSW, 26 February 1937, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1935), 8 

. . . As the son, pupil, partner, and successor of architect Edmund Thomas Blacket, I have known the Cathedral most of my life. When builder Aaron Loveridge put up the two western towers, and builder Robert Kirkham erected the central tower, as a young man in my father's office one of my duties was to visit the works in progress. I was also a member of the cathedral choir, and as a pupil of the cathedral organist (Montague Younger). I sometimes played the organ for services in the cathedral . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Montague Younger



Arrived Adelaide, SA, by October 1853


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1853), 2

Miss Blackhurst, nine years a pupil in the Royal Academy of Music, London, respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Adelaide, that a Grand Soiree Musicale will be held in the Royal Victoria Theatre, on Wednesday, 19th October . . . Instrumental Performers - Messrs. Thurloe, Lillywhite, John Cobbin, Swift, John Cobbin, jun., M'Cullagh, Walker, Tuxford, Smith, Mantegeni. Vocal Performers - Messrs. Blackhurst, Walker, Risely, Allen, Knight, Mrs. Hastings, Miss Petman, Miss Blackhurst. Leader: Mr. Chapman. Mr. Solomons Grand Piano will be used for this occasion.


Bombardon player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

. . . Their bass instruments are of the first description, for in addition to the Bassoons, the Serpent, and last though not least the Ophecleide . . . they have also the Bombardone. As this latter instrument was hitherto unknown in this colony we need not apologise to our readers for introducing a brief account of it. The Bombardone appears to be an instrument of modern invention, of a deep intonation partaking of the bass qualities, both of the Bassoon and of the Ophecleide. Its compass extends three octaves from F two octaves below the bass clef to F above the baas staff. Some amateurs are of opinion that the Bombardone owes its origin from the ancient Bourdon, a kind of drone bass, a deep unchangeable sound, which formerly accompanied a melody or series of notes moving above it. In days gone by, the word Bourdon signified the drone of a bagpipe. We find also the term sometimes applied to the double diapason, or lowest stop, in French and German organs; but whatever may be the conjectures of amateurs on this point, it appears to us that the Bombardone is nothing more nor less than a magnificent improvement on the Bombardo, which was a wind instrument, much resembling the bassoon, formerly used as a bass to the hautboy. The Bombardone, therefore, although it cannot be considered the skeleton of the Bombardo, it may, from its extended compass and superior strength of tone, be justly termed the giant of the ancient race of Bombardoes.

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . .Ophecleides - Messrs T. Martin, Waterstone; Bombardone - Mr. Blackie . . .


Contralto, pianist, composer

Active Wollongong, NSW, by 1889 (NLE persistent identifier)


"CONCERT AT WOLLONGONG", Evening News (16 January 1889), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 September 1894), 45

"MISS SYLVIA BLACKSTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1904), 7

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1911), 6

"AUSTRALIA'S GREAT ONES OF THE STAGE", Arrow (9 November 1917), 3

BLAIR, David (David BLAIR)

Songwriter, journalist

Born County Monaghan, Ireland, 4 June 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1850 (per Clifton)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 February 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"AN ANTHEM FOR AUSTRALIA", The Argus (13 April 1852), 3 

"DAVID BLAIR BURSTING INTO SONG", Melbourne Punch (20 May 1869), 7 

BLAIR, Robert

Musicseller, stationer, general storeholder

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1852/3
Died Maitland, NSW, 18 September 1884


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 April 1858), 3

MUSIC! MUSIC!! SONGS.-Soon I'll Follow Thee. Maid of Judah. Rose Tree in full Bearing. Meet Me in the Willow Glen. Mary Blane. Rise, Gentle Moon. Irish Emigrant. Love not. A Letter from the Diggings. Jenny Lind's Songs of Fatherland. Is it a Dream. Ethiopian Melodies. I'm Afloat, I'm Afloat. The Corsair's Farewell. Ida. See from Ocean Rising. Old Folks at Home. Minute Gun at Sea. Happy Land. Australian Emigrant. Blind Man's Bride. Minstrel Boy. The Old Arm Chair. Oak and the Ivy. Norah, the Pride of Kildare. Red, White, and Blue. Pestal. Low Backed Car. Banks of Allen Water. The Rich Man's Bride. Awake my Love. I love the Merry Sunshine. The Lonely Harp. Art Thou in Tears. We Met by Chance. Ada Clare. Kate Kearney. Gentle Mother. Beautiful Venice. Cheer, Boys, Cheer. Savourneen Deelish. To Linger near Thee. Happy Birdling of the Forest. Agathe. The Harp that once. Sweetly o'er my Senses Stealing. Oh, Come to Me when Daylight Sets. Those Evening Bells. Mary of Argyle. Annie Laurie. Take back the Ring, Dear Jamie. Simon the Cellarer. I'm Thinking o'er the short sweet Hour. Young Lady's Dream. Woodman Spare that Tree. You ask Me if I Love You. Jeannette and Jeannot. Sad Sea Waves. Home, Sweet Home. Kathleen Mavourneen. She Wore a Wreath. It reminds Me of Thee. Yon Dark Neglected Sepulchre. Come Dwell with Me. Dig! Dig! Dig! A song to all Gold Diggers. The Preference. The Rose of Elderslie. We Loved, but to Part. Have we Met to Meet no More. Tell Him I love Him yet. To the Gold Fields, or the Song of the Emigrant. Meet Me in the Willow Glen. The Emigrant's Farewell. The Misletoe Bough. Away, Away, to the Mountain Brow. She is for from the Land. The Dark Hair'd Girl. The Fairest Flower. I'll Pray for Thee. Soon I'll follow Thee. I Rage, I Melt, I Burn. Honour and Army. Stars of the Summer Night. There's no Dearth in Kindness. Dudley Castle. Yes I have Dared to Love Thee. Pray for Those at Sea. The Angel's Voice. Love Makes the Home. No More Sea. Constance, Karin. - 2s. 6d. each.

Our National Defences. Katty Darling. Cushla Machree. Far o'er the Sea. Hearts and Homes. Terence's Farewell to Kathleen. The Englishman. Excelsior. I cannot Sing to-night. Home Sweet Home. Shells of Ocean. By Murray's Banks. Here, Hassan, Here.- 3s. each.

Tell me where is Fancy Bred. Still so Gently o'er Me Stealing. What are the Wild Waves Saving. My Pretty Page. I Know a Bank. Do not Mingle. As it Fell upon a Day. When a Little Farm we Keep. Hear me, Norma. Canadian Boat Song. All's Well. - 3s. 6d. each.

Sleep! My Eyelids Close. Smiles and Tears. The Tribute of a Tear. There be none of Beauty's Daughters. Oh! Ask not how I Love Thee. Write to me Love. The Bay of Biscay. Of all the Birds in Wood or Glen. My Fairest, Awake. Twilight Deepens O'er the Green. Come with Me and let us Wander. Mary of Castle Cary. Fairy Gold. Welcome Home. Days Pass on. The Music of the Past. Oh! Think no More of Me. The Fairest of the Fair. Bessie. Willie we have Missed You. Hark to the Wind upon the Hill. The Eglantine. One Faithful Heart. The Blind Girl's Lament. Good News from Home. Little Dorrit's Vigil. Under a Hedge. Willie. The Ship. Extravagance. I love the Lillies. Maud. - 2s. each.

POLKAS. - Sylph. The Boddington. The Violet, Pesth. The Bannockburn. The New Bloomer. The Irresistable. Prince Patrick's. The Dover. The Christmas Present. The Cornstalk. The Pic Nic. "La Favorita." Eglantine. The Royal Charlie. King Pippin. The Anonymous. Flora. The Ranger or Nepaulese. Sultan. Native Flower. The Australian Polka Mazurka. Lola Montes. Great Britain. The Konigsbugh. The Anniversary. Moonlight. Royal Charlie. Mary Callinack, 2s. 6d. each.

Ethiopian. Uncle Tom's Cabin. Adieu. The Crowns. The Oneida. The Birthday. "La Favorita" Temp Di. Great Britain. The Crystal Palace. The Melanio. The City of the Sultan. The Anglo French. The Cantineer. The Savoyard. The Bulgarian. - 3s each.

The Moonlight. Ethiopian. The Railway. Redowa. Camellia. Champagne. The Junk. - 1s. 6d. each.

Brecon. Bohemian. The Tindal. Beaufort. Her Majesty's Court. L'Entrain. The Nightingale, 1s. each.

WALTZES. - Chants D'Amour. The Royal Scotch. La Belle Catherine Alexander Romanoff. Marietta. The Greek Slave. The Gazelle. La Plui de Perles. -4s. each.

The Ladies of Sydney. Albertas. The Beaufort. Adrienne. Sydney Railway. The Montrose. The Constance. Rigoletto. Lisette. Grand Valse. Vilikins. The Marian. Dreams on the Ocean. Star of the Night - 3s. each.

Australian Bird, Chusan - 2s. 6d. each. Wild Flower. 1s. 6d.

QUADRILLES. - Chevalresque. Merry Old England. The Rats- 2s. 6d. each.

Rose Bay. The Lancers, De Punch. Brighton Season. Island of Jewels. Musards. La Favorita. Prince Rupert - 3s. each.

The Presidents. Ernani. Marco Spada. Edinburgh. Les Huguenots. Partant Pour la Syrie 3s. 6d. each. The Grand Exposition. The St. Leger. Banjo. Chatsworth - 4s. each.

SCHOTTISCHES. - Louisa, Cricket Match, The Nugget, 3s. each. The New Year's Gift, Avondale, Berliner, Eugenie, 3s. 6d. each. The Snowdrop, Victoria, Kitty, 1s. 6d. each.

GALLOPS - Simla, Gallop for Gold, 3s. each; Sturm March, Overland Mail, Matrimonial, Express, Veno, The 77th, The Queen's, 2s. 6d. each.

PIECES.- Raindrops in Australia, Australian Flowers. 3s. each; The Bird upon the Tree, 4s; Last Rose of Summer, 4s. 6d. Caledonian Wreath, 3s. The Reverie, 3s. Davidson's Music, 6d. per sheet, 4s. 6d. per dozen. Any of the above pieces of music forwarded by post for 2d. additional.

ROBERT BLAIR. Maitland, April 6th, 1858.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (20 September 1884), 1

"THE LATE MR. ROBERT BLAIR", The Maitland Mercury (20 September 1884), 4

"THE LATE ROBERT BLAIR", Singleton Argus (24 September 1884), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Val Rudkin (comp.), "Robert Blair (1819-1884) bookseller & stationer", Bulletin of Maitland and District Historical Society 20/2 (May 2013)



Active South Australia, 1859


"BLAKE v. CRESWICK", South Australian Register (22 September 1859), 3

For £10 10s, musician's bill . . . the plaintiff, who stated that he was a musician had played, according to the instructions of the defendant, at various places in the country. He had performed 26 nights altogether. The price agreed upon was 15s. per night.


Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695


Amateur tenor vocalist, former convict, musical instrument repairer

Born England, 1784
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 January 1816 (as convict per Fanny)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1841, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Sydney Amateur Concerts 1826-27


At the Sydney Amateur Concert in July 1826, Blanch, making a first appearance, sang Braham's Dulce Domum. He repeated Dulce Domum at the 1827 Anniversary Dinner, and he and Barnett Levey provided songs for the 1831 dinner.

He was probably the James Blanch who arrived as a convict in 1816; who advertised as a "Mathematical and Philosophical Instrument Maker" in 1822; and later as a musical instrument repairer, brass founder, and ironmonger; and who died in 1841.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 February 1822), 2

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1826), 3

Mr. Blanch (a first appearance), gave Braham's delightful ballad of "Dulce Domum", in a manner which evinced, in his conception and execution, a style of uncommon purity and elegance, and manifested unquestionable pretensions to vocal excellence.

"Amateur Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 September 1826), 3

. . . A comic glee, When Arthur first at Court, by Messrs. Clark, Blanch, and Edwards, concluded the first part . . . Mr. Blanch sang the Thorn, with considerable taste and feeling.

"THE ANNIVERSARY DINNER", The Monitor (27 January 1827), 5

. . . A Patriotic song by Mr. Hill, and "Dulce Domum" by Mr. Blanch were greatly applauded, the style of singing of each being well adapted to his subject. Mr. Blanch certainly breathes forth sweet tones, which in the lofty new Court House sounded like a flute.

"AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 January 1831), 2

"DIED", The Sydney Monitor (1 November 1841), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Julian Holland, "James Blanch: Australia's first meteorologist?", The Australian Meteorologist 21 (May 2000), 3-4


Vocalist, licensed singing master (Department of Education)

Born London, England, 13 May 1837; son of John BLANCHARD and Ann HARRIS
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857
Died Deepdene, VIC, 11 September 1918, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Birth certificate, Charles Blanchard; UK National Archives 

. . . Charles son of John Blanchard, of London . . . Saddler, and Ann his wife (who was the daughter of William Harris of Alverstoke, in the county of Southampton, carpenter) was born at the house of the said John Blanchard, no. 35 Rapere Street, in London . . . on the thirteenth day of May 1837 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1857), 8

On Monday Evening, 10th February, At the Collingwood Assembly Hall, Gertrude-street.
Programme - Part I.
Glee and Chorus - "Village Choristers," Master C. Cooke, assisted by the Company.
Reading from Serjeant Talfourd's Tragedy of Ion - Mr. Hayward.
Duet, flute and piano - Messrs. Hornidge and Montague.
Song - "Farewell my Country," Mr. Izard.
Song- "Little Nell," Mrs. Andrews.
Song - "The Pilot," Mr. Blanchard.
Song - "Excelsior," Mrs. Goodliffe.
Glee - "Life's a Bumper," Messrs. Allen, Izard, and Blanchard.
Rule Britannia - By the Company.
Interval of Ten Minutes.
Part II.
Glee - "Awake AEolian Harp," Mrs. Goodliffe, Messrs. Tate, Allen, and Blanchard.
Collins's Ode to the Passions, "Daniels v. Dishclout," recitations - Mr. Hayward.
Song and flute obllgato - Mrs. Goodliffe, flute, Mr. Hornidge.
Song - "Women or England," Mr. Izard.
Glee - " Poculum," Messrs. Tate, Hornidge, Izard, andElliot.
Song- " Sweet Dream of Life," Mrs. Andrews.
The Witches' Glee - Messrs. Tate, Hornidge, and Blanchard.
Full Company - "Now Pray we for our Country."
God Save the Queen - By the Company.
Accompanist - Mr. Montague . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 September 1864), 8

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Argus (12 September 1866), 6

The second concert of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society for the present year was given last evening, in St. George's-hall . . . The first part consisted of Spohr's sublime and original oratorio of the "Last Judgment". It is about a quarter of a century since the late Edward Taylor Gresham, professor, translated the original into English, and presided over the performance of the oratorio in Norwich, and afterwards in all the principal towns in England. The impression created soon after by the works of Mendelssohn caused a partial eclipse of Spohr's works for some time, but the interest therein has revived, and the author's claims are now fairly appreciated. It is a bold enterprise for any but the most efficient choral societies to attempt to do strict justice to the productions of either of these modern masters, but the sudden, original, and surprising modulations and transitions which characterised Spohr, severely test the skill of performers, both vocal and instrumental; and this should be considered in any fair criticisms on the attempt. The society had to rely on local talent for the principal vocal parts. Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss M. Liddle, Mr. C. A. Donaldson, and Mr. Charles Blanchard, undertook nearly the whole of these, and as professional vocalists of high attainments were not accessible, we think the musical public should fairly appreciate the valuable aid of the amateur principals at such concerts . . . Mr. C. Blanchard gave the solos "I am the First and the Last," "I know, saith the Lord," and "Come, said a voice," with excellent effect . . .

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Argus (17 July 1867), 7

"SALE. Tuesday", The Argus (31 May 1876), 5

Mr. Charles Blanchard has been appointed by the Minister as singing master at the Sale, Maffra, and Stratford schools.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 September 1918), 1

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (10 October 1918), 4


Pianoforte maker, piano manufacturer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1861 or earlier



"INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS AT RICHMOND", The Argus (5 December 1865), 6 


Corporal of the Band; "Master of the Band of the 48th Regiment"

Born c.1784
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1817 (per Matilda)
Died Bathurst, NSW, 18 February 1832

See also Band of the 48th Regiment


Blizzard arrived with his regiment on the Matilda in August 1817. He had enlisted in the 48th in 1793 at St. Vincent in the West Indies as a 10-year-old boy drummer, his father being the master of the band. His band was recorded as playing with "delightful effect" at a fete champetre held by Captain Piper in 1819, and again in 1820. Given this association, it is possible that Blizzard was later a member, perhaps even master, of Captain Piper's Band of Music in Sydney and/or later in Bathurst.

He remained in NSW having taken his discharge on 25 June 1824, and received a grant of land in 1825. He was appointed a constable in Sydney in 1828. He was active as a freemason (Lodge of Australia No.820, English Constitution, 6 April, 1829) and was publican of Golden Fleece Inn, Kelso, "Old Bathurst".


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 December 1819), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1820), 2

"Government notice", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 January 1828), 1

"BATHURST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 February 1832), 3

Died. On Saturday, after a short illness, Mr. William Blizard, landlord of the Golden Fleece Inn, and formerly Master of the Band of H. M. 48th Regiment. The deceased has left behind him the reputation of a good soldier, and an honest man.

Bibliography and resources:

"BLIZZARD, William", Colonial secretary's papers; search "William Blizzard" in (free access) to retrieve digitised records from NSW State Records; see also Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825

B. and M, Chapman, "Private William Blizzard", Australia's red coat regiments


Cornopean and cornet-a-piston player, ? vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853; ? Ballarat, VIC, 1857 (W. Vidler BLOOR) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1853), 1

PUBLIC NOTICE. GOORE & BELLAMY'S MELBOURNE COAL HOLE. MANCHESTER INN, OPPOSITE THE THE THEATRE. Open every evening, at Eight o'clock, for Comic Singing and Glees . . . Mr. John Gregg (late of the Cider Cellars and Drury Lane Theatre), the eminent Basso . . . Cornopean player - Mr. Bloor. Pianists - Hamilton and Waller. Chairman - Mr. John Gregg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12

. . . Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. Bloor. Pianists - Hamilton and Waller. Melbourne Coal Hole, opposite the Theatre.

? "BAKERY HILL SOIREE", The Star (30 June 1857), 3

. . . Mr. Chancy then gave "Lord Lovel," in a very ix this amusing fashion, and the laughter of the audience, which was kept up while Mr. Bloor followed with the "Laird o' Cockpen," and a droll thing in Yankee brogue about "My Grandfather" and his "facts" . . .

BLOUET, Emile (? pseud.)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1888


"Cremorne Galop", Australian Town and Country Journal (9 June 1888), 33


"The Week", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (11 February 1888), 11

BLOXHAM, Ada (Ada Beatrice BLOXHAM)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, teacher of singing and Sol-fa

Born Jolimont, East Melbourne, VIC, 13 July 1865


Summary (after Stevens, with additions):

Bloxham was a pupil of Emily Patton in Melbourne, from whom she learnt Tonic Sol-fa. She won the first Clarke Scholarship to the newly-established Royal College of Music in London where she spent four years studying with Madame Otto Goldschmidt (Jenny Lind) and gained the Associate diploma (ARCM).

She returned to Melbourne in mid-1888, and made her debut return at a Saturday popular concert in Cowen's Centennial Exhibition concert series in August. She practised at a teacher in Coburg before going to Japan where she taught Tonic Sol-fa with Emily Patton at Yokohama and in Tokyo. She then went to South Africa where she married in 1901 (Mrs. John Edwin Palmer). By 1912 she was teaching Tonic Sol-fa in the south of England but returned to South Africa in the early 1920s, resuming her Tonic Sol-fa teaching at Durban.


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1880), 8

"SIR W. J. CLARKE MUSICAL SCHOLARSHIP", Illustrated Australian News (21 February 1883), 27

"MISS ADA BEATRICE BLOXHAM", The Australian Sketcher (11 April 1883), 58

[News], The Argus (12 February 1887), 8

"SPECIAL TELEGRAMS", The Argus (21 May 1888), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1888), 20


"THE TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Argus (8 October 1888), 10

Bibliography and resources:

Biographical notes by Robin S. Stevens (from now deleted webpage "")


Music printer and lithographer

Born Ireland, c.1819
Arrived Wellington, NZ, 23 April 1841 (per Olympus from Gravesend, 9 December 1840)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1841 (? per Lalla Rook)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by mid 1843
Departed Hobart, VDL (TAS), late 1844 (for Hong Kong)
Died London, 11 May 1846, aged 27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also checklist of sheet music prints:


Bluett arrived in Sydney via New Zealand late in 1841. The inscription "T. Bluet. Print." appears with the picture engraving on the cover of the undated Savourneen deelish for Francis Ellard, and very early in 1843 for Isaac Nathan he lithographed the songs Australia the wide and the free and The Aboriginal father. In 1842, with Thomas Liley, he produced at least one printed map signed "Liley & Bluet Lithographers", and the presence of the same handwriting in both Bluett's and Liley's prints for Nathan suggests that they were all perhaps at least partly joint productions.

Bluett moved on to Hobart by mid-1843, where he worked for James A. Thomson, and thus probably had a hand in Thomson's edition of John Howson's first set of Tasmanian waltzes in July. By October, he was advertising in his own name offering "Lithographic Drawings, Maps, Plans, Music . . . &c." and it may have been him who issued John Howson's second set of Tasmanian waltzes in November.

His last known musical print in March 1844 was Joseph Gautrot's Josephian hymn.

Bluett was in Hong Kong by late March 1845. He died in London in May 1846 as the result of an accidental gunshot wound.

My thanks to Paul Barton for sharing his research findings.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 May 1842), 3 

IF THOMAS BLEWITT, Lithographer, lately arrived in the Colony, will call at Messrs. Moffitt and Co.'s, Pitt-street, he will hear of something to his advantage.

[Unclaimed letters], Australasian Chronicle (11 July 1843), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 October 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 November 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 November 1843), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (19 March 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 April 1844), 3

"SACRED MUSIC", The Courier (5 April 1844), 2

[British news], Launceston Examiner (29 August 1846), 3 

A most extraordinary assault, of a murderous tendency, whatever the intention may have been, was committed in Drury Lane. Thomas Blewitt, a young married man, was returning to his lodging in White Horse Yard, Drury Lane, about half-past eight o'clock, when, as he approached Prince's Street, a youth fired a pistol at him, wounding him in the chest. The wounded man was taken to Charing Cross Hospital; where it was found that a bullet had passed through the thorax. After the youth had fired at Blewitt, he ran up Drury Lane. He was met and seized by a Police man, who had been attracted by the smoke and noise, and was hastening towards Prince's Street: but the lad exclaimed that a pistol had gone off by accident; and as the crowd were calling out that a man had shot himself, the Policeman let him go.

[News], The Courier (31 October 1846), 3

The trial of John Graham for shooting Thomas Bluett, ended in his acquittal, on the ground that it was accidental. Mr. Bluett, we believe, was at one period resident in Hobart Town, occupying premises in Liverpool-street.

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 139 (DIGITISED)

Paul Barton, "Thomas Bluett, lithographer", Australiana (May 2006), 20-26

"Thomas Bluett", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

BLUME, J. F. (Herr F. BLUME; Sig. BLUME; Professor BLUME, P. BLUME)

Clarionet, oboe, and cornet player, band leader

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853



Active Bendigo, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1853), 8 

THE ARGYLE ROOMS. THE SPLENDID SALOON at the Royal Exchange Hotel, Collins-street, west, will be opened on or about Monday next, of which due notice will be given. These rooms will be under the management of the celebrated Herr J. F. Blume, and have been fitted up regardless of expense. The band, sixteen in number, is composed of the best musicians in Melbourne, and with the assistance of Professor Thompson, they will be qualified to give general satisfaction. On Monday nights a German Ball will be given . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1853), 5 

DANCE! DANCE! DANCE! A New and Interesting Attraction. THE Argyle Ball Rooms, at the Royal Exchange, Collins-street, will be opened this evening for the first time, and will be continued nightly . . . The band will be conducted by Herr F. Blume, and being principally composed of German musicians, may be depended upon as good . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 5 

ROYAL EXCHANGE HOTEL, Great Collins-street, TEMPLE OF HARMONY . . . Male Vocalists: Mr. McLaren, the celebrated Chin Melodist; Mr. Riley, Comic; Mr. James, the popular Negro Vocalist; Mr. Charlton, Ballad singer; Mr. Bruce, Tenor; Mr. Hamilton, Sentimental; Pianist, Mr. Thompson; Leader of the Band, Professor Blume; Barritone, Mr. Green; Comic Bass, M. Zeigler; Piston and Oboe, P. Blume; 1st Violin, Mr. Pagon, 2nd. do. Mr. Thompson.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12 

SECOND GRAND CONCERT. MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY, Protestant Hall, THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, 27th April. Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Graham (her second appearance); Mr. Moran. Leader - Mr. F. Fischer. Director - Mr. G. Chapman. THE Band will consist of the following talented performers: Violins - Mr. A. Fischer, Mr. Strebinger, Mr. Thomson; Viola - Mr Thomas; Basso - Mr. C. Elza and Mr. Hardman; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr G. Chapman; Clarionet and Oboe - Sig. Blume; Flute- Mr. Rosenstengel. Pianoforte - Mr. Hertz and Mr. Thomson . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1857), 1 

ASHTON'S ROYAL OLYMPIAN CIRCUS, Market-square, Sandhurst, WILL OPEN THIS EVENING, 3rd. NOVEMBER . . . The evening's entertainment will be enlivened by a a German Band, consisting of the following seven performers : - Herr F. Weedir, Herr H. Blume, Herr H. Scheoder, Herr Schetie, Herr Struze, and Herr Robins . . .

BOAM, Phillip Barnett

Theatre musician, orchestra leader, violinist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855; Sydney, NSW, until 1866


"Mr. Boam's Celebrated Quadrille Band" was active in Melbourne in 1854, and Boam was leader of the orchestra at Sydney's Royal Lyceum Theatre in March 1855, the proprietor even taking out an advertisement warning off poachers:

Caution. I, AUGUSTUS LEOPOLDT, having, by written agreement engaged Mr. BOAM, musician, for a certain period from the date of the 17th March, 1855, this is to give notice to all parties not to engage the said Mr. Boam, or legal proceedings will be instituted against them by me.

Boam was in Hobart leading the orchestra at the Theatre Royal in 1857, as well as offering to teach violin, and appeared in Maitland in 1862 with Marmaduke Wilson. At the Victoria Theatre in Sydney in April 1863, he was in charge of the orchestra with no less a musician than John Gibbs playing under him.

He returned from London on board the Great Britain by June, bringing with him copies of:

the last sensational works, viz. : - East Lynne, Henry Dunbar, The Mariner's Compass, Orange Girl, Lost in London, &c. The abovenamed dramas, purchased by Mr. Boam with the sole right of disposing of them to any of the managers in the Australian colonies, protected by the Dramatic Authors Society . . . P. Boam, musical director, Prince of Wales Opera House, Sydney.

In that same month, at the Victoria Theatre, the season was "closed by Mr. Charles Walsh singing a very pretty song entitled Father dear, come home, composed by Mr. Boam".


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 August 1854), 8

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Hobart Mercury (13 April 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 January 1862), 1

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (28 January 1862), 2

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Empire (16 January 1863), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (7 April 1863), 4

 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1863), 1

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1866), 1


Vocalist, pianist, teacher of music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 January 1833 (per Guardian, from London, 4 September 1832)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 23 May 1837 (per Fortune, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


She arrived from London with her husband early in 1733. From April 1834, Mrs. Boatright offered board and tuition to young ladies at her Bunker Hill Establishment. She sang, along with Joanna Ellard, in the Philharmonic Society concert in September 1834, in Maria Taylor's concert at the Pulteney Hotel in March 1835, and again for Thomas Stubbs's concert in April. She embarked for London in May 1837.


"ARRIVALS", The Australian (25 January 1833), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 April 1834), 3

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Monitor (3 September 1834), 3

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1834), 2

. . . We had not the pleasure of hearing Mrs. B. at the first concert, but her song of the Deserter [Haynes Bayly], with the dead march and muffled drum accompaniment, was one of the most effective performances of the evening. This lady also, with Mr. C. [Cavendish] performed the air, O Dolce Contento, arranged as a duet for the pianoforte [Latour], in a very superior style . . . Mrs. E. [Ellard] had shaken off much of the timidity that oppressed her on the first night, and the result was such as to satisfy the audience that she possesses considerable musical taste and feeling. Her performance in the duet, My Pretty Page with Mrs. B., was, of itself, evidence of this; but her execution of the beautiful Irish air, Savourneen dhelish was conclusive.

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 March 1835), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 April 1835), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (23 April 1835), 2

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 May 1837), 2

But see also, re Mr. J. Boatright:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (6 October 1836), 2

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (29 June 1837), 2

Bibliography and resources:

"Mrs. Boatright", Design & Art Australian Online (DAAO) 

BOBART, Henry Hodgkinson

Clergyman, amateur musician

Born c. 1807
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 November 1835 (on the Lotus, en route to NZ)
Died Parramatta, NSW, 19 July 1854, aged 47



Bobart owned and installed the first organ in St. John's, Parramatta, in 1841.


"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1854), 2 

A MEETING of the parishioners of St. John's and other friends of the late Rev. H. H. Bobart, M.A., was held in the vestry of St. John's Church, on Friday last, at twelve o'clock, for the purpose of taking into consideration the most appropriate manner of testifying respect for the memory of that much-lamented minister . . . He (Mr. Bobart) was also a devout admirer of sacred music, and was ever ready to sing the the praises of God in the midst of the congregation.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 23

"Rev H. H. Bobart", Prospect Heritage Trust 

BOCHSA, Nicholas Charles (the chevalier BOCHSA)

See main page: 

BOCK, Thomas

Viola (tenor) player, amateur vocalist, artist

Born Sutton Coldfield, England, c.1790
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 January 1824 (per Asia)
Died Hobart, 18 March 1855, in the 65th year of his age (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ST. GEORGE'S DAY", The Hobart Town Courier (25 April 1829), 2

"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds., Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause. . . . Bishop's beautiful glee "The Foresters" was then sung most admirably by Messrs. Pemfriest, Bock, Marshall, and Lanford. . . . Bishop's glee, "Beam of Light," then followed by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Bock, and Langford. . . . The first act closed with a piece from Hayden, by the whole of the performers, and the second act opened with another piece of that celebrated master. Mr. Bock then sang with great taste Wade's "Ding dong bell" which was followed by the celebrated glee "The last rose Summer," by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Marshall, and Bock . . . A beautiful Quartetto from Haydn then followed, by Mr. Deane the Violin, Mr. Marshall the Flute, Mr. Bock the Tenor, and Mr. Hoffer the Violoncello. It was admirably executed.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

"DEATH", The Courier (19 March 1855), 2

Bibliography and resources:

William Bryden, "Bock, Thomas (1790-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"Thomas Bock", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

BODDINGTON,Thomas (? sen., jun.)

? Baker, musician, violinist, fiddler, ? publican, ? pieman

Active SA, by 1857
? Died Adelaide, SA, May 1882


"POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE. DISORDERLY", The South Australian Advertiser (4 October 1860), 3 

Annie Ryan appeared to the information of Thomas Boddington, charged with having on the 29th September, used abusive and insulting language towards him, whereby a breach of the peace might have occurred. Mr. Ingleby appeared for the complainant, and Mr. Moulden for the defendant. The complainant stated that he was a musician living in Morphett-street. On Saturday night, as he was coming out of the Albion Hotel, he met the defendant and was greeted with a shower of abuse. It was not the first time he had been annoyed in a similar manner. Fined 10s. and costs.

"POLICE COURTS. ASSAULTS", South Australian Register (23 July 1861), 3 

Elizabeth Lee was summoned by Thomas Boddington for assaulting him on the 13th inst. It appeared that while the complainant was playing his fiddle at the Albion Hotel the defendant went up to him, pushed him about, and caught hold of his hair. The defendant was fined 5s. and costs.

"POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (28 November 1866), 4 

. . . Thomas Boddington, of Hindley Sireet, musician, deposed to the effect following: - On Wednesday last, about 2 o'clock, I was at the Albion Hotel, when the prisoner Frances Bolton came to me, gave me four Bank-notes, and desired I would take care of them for her . . .

BOEHM, Traugott Wilhelm

School teacher, music teacher

Born Brandenburg, Germany, 18 October 1836
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 January 1839 (per Zebra)
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1867s
Died Warracknabeal, VIC, 12 May 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)


[News], Chronicle (27 January 1906), 37

About fifty years ago Mr. T. W. Boehm taught young men in the village of Hahndorf, situated among the hills about 17 miles east of Adelaide. Many of his old pupils hold prominent positions throughout, the State, and at a gathering of the Hahndorf Old Boys' Association on Monday evening a letter was read from Mr. Boehm, who is now in Victoria, in which he ex pressed the view that nations whose school masters and pedagogues ranked highest would always take the lead in civilisation and politics. It was really the schoolmaster who gained the great battles on land and sea in the late war in the East. It was a war between intelligence and ignorance. Pedagogues on both sides of the British Channel predicted the result of that war with unerring certainty. To see the greatest strong hold of tyranny and despotism on earth humiliated - Shaken to its very foundations - was the most gratifying event to the teacher and philanthropist which had happened in modern times. Mr. Boehm is about 73 years of age, and is a music teacher at Warracknabeal.

"T. W. Boehm and Hahndorf", The Advertiser (12 April 1935), 27

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne Edgar, "Boehm, Traugott Wilhelm (1836-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979)


Soprano vocalist

Born Nizbor, Bohemia, 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1879
Died South Yarra, VIC, 16 March 1922, gabriella (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Boema arrived in Australia in Melbourne in December 1879 (from a tour to Batavia). She made her official first public appearance in Australia in Melbourne, on 10 January 1880, billed as "Prima Donna Drammatica Assoluta from the Imperial Theatre of Moscow, La Scala of Milano, Pagliano Florence &c.", as an associate artist with violinist Camilla Urso.

She and he husband Raffaele Steffani were away from Australia again from November 1883. She made a second tour of the United States (she had first performed there in the mid-1860s), but she had returned to Melbourne by December 1885. She was a principal vocalist for Frederic Cowen in the orchestral concert series at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition in 1888.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1879), 4

[News], The Argus (15 December 1879), 5

We were favoured on Saturday afternoon by hearing a new singer who gave a private exhibition of her powers as a vocalist before a select circle in Messrs. Nicholson and Ascherberg's rooms m Collins street. Signora Gabriella Boema comes to Australia by way of India and the East, bringing with her a well won continental reputation as an operatic prima donna. Her performances on Saturday afternoon were in every way satisfactory, and showed her to advantage as an artist well adapted to the concert platform. The following were the selections she sang, namely - 1. "Non Torno" (Italian), by Mattei, song, accompanied by Alfred Plumpton; 2. "Am Meere" (German) by Schubert, song, accompanied by Julius Herz; 3.  "Frühlingslied (German), by Mendelssohn, song, accompanied by Julius Herz, and [4] "Ritorno vincitor (Italian), by Verdi, from the opera "Aida", grand scena, accompanied by Alfred Plumpton. In these selections Signora Boema displayed the possession of a soprano voice of an attractive quality, and an artistic method in using it which met with general approval. Her tones are of a clear and ringing quality, not wholly free from vibration. They evince quick sensibility on the part of the singer, and are very sympathetic in effect. Her delivery is easy and her pronunciation clear. She produces the effect of force without exertion, and exercises a genuine control over her hearers even in the very finest shades of expression, and she was equally successful in each of the above named selections, which were sufficiently varied to form a comprehensive test. When the opportunity occurs Signora Boema will be heard by the public with pleasure.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1880), 8

"CLEARED OUT", The Argus (3 November 1883), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 March 1822), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (29 March 1922), 10

The death last week of Madame Boema Steffani at her home in South Yarra revives memories of one who a generation ago was held in high esteem in Melbourne as a dramatic soprano. Born in Prague, Bohemia, in 1843, Madame Boema, to use her stage name, came to Australia with her parents in November, 1879, after a tour of Java, Manila, and the East, with an operatic and concert company organised by her husband, M. Steffani, who survives her. On her arrival in Melbourne Madame Boema accepted an engagement with Mr. W. S. Lister, the impressario [sic], and appeared in several operas. She sang with Trebelli, mother of Antonia Dolores, and Julia Coy, mother of Signorina Coy, in "Don Giovanni", "L'Africaine", "Norma", and "Les Huguenots". The operatic season in Melbourne was not of long duration, and Mme. Boema began teaching, in which she gained immediate success. She afterwards accepted a position, on the teaching staff of the University Conservatorium, and was a singer in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Her remains were interred in the Kew Cemetery.

"DEATH OF MME. STEFFANI", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1922), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Stockigt 2003

J. Lukeš, "La Boema - kdo te je", Nizborsky List 3 (September 2009), 7-8

BOESEN, Teresa (Madame BOESEN; Mrs. Theo BOESEN; formerly Miss CURTIS; Mrs. John MEILLON)

Pianist, pupil of Boulanger, piano teacher

Go to main page Harry Parsons and his Curtis family descendents: 

BOGLE, John Joseph

Musician, professor of music

Born c.1837
Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1857
Died Morriset, NSW, 1 July 1932, aged 95


John Joseph Bogle was the eldest son of Andrew Bogle, senior (d.1877), and his first wife, Elizabeth Young. Andrew was a former Jamaican slave and later witness in the Tichborne trials; after retiring from service in England to the Tichborne-Doughty family, Andrew emigrated to Sydney, c.1854-55, with his second wife.

John had been apprenticed to a chemist in Nottingham, with the help of the Tichbornes, but the arrangement was not a success and he had to be bought out of his apprenticeship. He was sent out to join his father in Australia in 1855. The family settled in Balmain where Bogles remained prominent citizens after Andrew senior returned to England.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1868), 1

"The Tichborne Trial", Evening News (23 January 1874), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1879), 1

WOULD Mr. BOGLE, Musician, Balmain, send his address to Mrs. MONTGOMERY, 149, Castlereagh-street.

"The Flag of the South", Freeman's Journal (5 March 1892), 16

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1932), 10

"MR. J. J. BOGLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1932), 10

Mr. John Joseph Bogle, who died at Lake Macquarie recently, at the age of 95 years, was born on the Tichbourne Estates, Upton House, near Pool, Dorset (England). He was apprenticed to a London chemist and qualified for his certificate. At the same time he studied music, and became an accomplished pianist. When 20 years of age he came to Sydney, and was employed by Dr. Elliott, founder of the present firm of Elliott Bros., Ltd. For about 20 years he was church organist and choirmaster at St. Augustine's, Balmain. He also composed music for the words of the poem, "The Flag of the South," by E. J. Brady.

Bibliography and resources:

Joy Lumsden, "The true and remarkable history of Andrew Bogle", Jamaican Historical Society Bulletin 11/4 (October 1999) 

BOLEY, Dorrel Fair (Dan F. BOLEY, D. F. BOLEY)

Minstrel, serenader, banjo-player, bass vocalist, musical director

Arrived Sydney, 23 October 1855 (per Vaquero, from Honolulu, 3 September)
Died at sea (drowned), 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVALS, The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (29 October 1855), 242

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Argus (17 December 1855), 5

Messrs. Campbell, Barker, and Boley are the principal solo vocalists, and all possess splendid voices, the first named having an organ of great compass, which he manages with the most exquisite taste. Mr. Barker's voice, a fine tenor, is heard to great advantage in some of the ballads which he sings, and Mr. Boley is a basso profondo of great power and volume. Messrs Morgan and Porter are skilful accompanyists and clever actors, and Mr. Abbott is a violinist of superior ability, besides being in every respect an accomplished musician.

"THE SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (3 January 1857), 2

THE SERENADERS. A night spent in listening to the performances of the company of serenaders now performing at the Prince of Wales Theatre, on a professional tour, has very favorably impressed us with their musical capabilities. Mr. Boley's deep, rich bass, which he wields with considerable ease and flexibility, first strikes the ear of the listener as the swells and cadences of the chorus enrapture the soul with their melody. Mr. Brower is a capital baritone, and sings well. His "Poor Dog Tray," on Thursday evening, was a gem. Mr. Boley's "Good old Jeff" was given with good taste, was beautifully emphasised, and the chorus was a delicious piece of music.

"MARRIAGE", Empire (15 October 1857), 4

MARRIAGE. On Tuesday, October 13th, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Princes-street, by the Rev. William Hessel, Wesleyan Minister, Mr. Dorrel Fair Boley, to Miss Matilda Watkins, both of Sydney.

"MELANCHOLY FATE OF THE BOLEY MINSTRELS", Examiner (12 August 1862), 4 

MELANCHOLY FATE OF THE BOLEY MINSTRELS. Most of the habitues of the concert halls of Melbourne will remember Boley's Minstrels," who about twelve months since left Australia on a professional visit to Mauritius. After playing a far from successful engagement at Port Louis, they embarked on board a Schooner for the Cape of Good Hope, and we regret to add, were wrecked off Cape St. Mary. The passengers, including the troupe, and Mrs. Boley and children, were fourteen in number, and have all perished, with the exception of Mr. Robson, who with three sailors succeeded in returning to Port Louis . . . - Bell's Life in Victoria.


We met by chance (ballad, composed by Kucken; arranged and sung (with the original Tyrolienne) by D. F. Boley) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) 

Bibliography and resources:


Boley's Minstrels were organized by D. F. Boley, and left Australia in January, 1862, on a visit to the Mauritius Islands. After a not very successful engagement they embarked for the Cape of Good Hope, but were wrecked off Cape St. Mary late in 1862. Mr. and Mrs. Boley and the children were lost, as was the entire troupe, a Mr. Robson being the only one saved from drowning. George W. Demerest, Chas. L. Grew, W. White Lee, W. Robson and Totten Arent were in the company. Dan F. Boley was one of the original Backus Minstrels. He was a fine banjoist and his deep sonorous, bass voice will be recollected with mingled feelings of regret and pleasure. In 1855 he, in company with Backus, Burbank and others, re-organised the Backus Minstrels and made a trip to Australia. After a time all except Boley returned, but he married a wealthy widow and remained there.


Professor of music (Society of Arts)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (30 October 1854), 1 

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

. . . A party of amateurs, under the direction of Mr. Bolton, the Professor of Music at the Society of Arts, sang two German glees with great taste and feeling. These gentlemen, by dint of much practice together, have acquired that ensemble that is so necessary in glee singing. Their voices harmonise admirably, and they pay attention to the expression sought to be conveyed by the music . . .

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 3 

. . . During the evening several glees were sung - most of them German. All were well received, but there was a strong partiality shown to the "Model British glee" - "by Celia's Arbour" - the singers being Messrs. Colley, Fisher, Walcott, and J. Bolton.

BOLTON, Robert Thorley


Born c. 1831
Active Maitland, NSW, 1861
Died (drowned), Morpeth, NSW, 1 April 1864, aged 33


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1861), 1

. . . March, March, Keep Yourselves Ready Boys - Dr. Bolton of Maitland - Australian Patriotic Song . . .

BONNAR, Charles Fawcett (BONNER)

Vocalist, guitarist

Born Scotland, 1811
Arrived Sydney, 17 November 1834 (per James from London)
Died Adelaide, 5 February 1848, aged 37 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Charles Bonnar, bookbinder, arrived in Sydney in November 1834. In Maria Taylor's concert in March 1835 he accompanied himself on the guitar singing a Scotch song and The guitar of Spain. Having worked as a compositor for The Colonist, The Monitor, and The Herald, "Mr. C. F. Bonnar, Compositor" departed for South Australia on the Hope on 26 January 1838, and by May was "Stage and Acting Manager" at the new Theatre Royal, Adelaide.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 December 1834), 1

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17 December 1834), 3

'Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 March 1835), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Colonist (27 January 1838), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (19 May 1838), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1838), 2

"Deaths", The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1848), 3

At Adelaide, on the 5th February inst, Charles Fawcett, eldest son of the late Mr. David Bonnar, bookseller and printer, Dalkeith, Scotland, aged 37 years.

BONNEY, Harriet Elizabeth (Miss BONNEY; Mrs. William LAMPRILL)


Born Richmond, VDL (TAS), 15 February 1839; baptised St. David's, 10 April 1839 (Miss BONNEY; daughter of James BONNEY d.1882 and Harriet BONNEY)
Active Hobart, TAS, 1851-52
Died Hobart, TAS, 1 December 1932, "in the 94th year of her age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Harriet Bonney was barely 13 years old when, in April 1852, she was selected to succeed Caroline Elliot as organist of St. David's, Hobart. Frederick Alexander Packer, who arrived in Tasmania in July, had effectively succeeded her as organist by September. Packer remained in the post until his death in 1862, when he was succeeded by his son Frederick Augustus Packer.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. David's [Hoabrt Town] . . . in the year 1839; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1086875; RGD32/1/3/ no 48$init=RGD32-1-3-p464j2k 

"PUBLIC LECTURE", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (23 August 1851), 3 

. . . Miss Bonney played a few overtures on the Orgue Melodium, preliminary to the opening of the lecture, which commenced about half-past-seven o'clock, and during the course of his delivery, Mr. Abbott was frequently interrupted by rounds of applause . . . Miss Bonney again favored and delighted the visitors with some beautiful airs, executed upon the instrument of the Institution . . .

"ST. DAVID'S CATHERDAL", The Courier (10 April 1852), 3 

"New Organist", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 April 1852), 260

Mrs. Elliott, who officiated for so long a period as the organist at St. David's Cathedral having resigned that office, the church-wardens have appointed Miss Bonney, daughter of an old colonist Mr. James Bonney to the vacancy. Miss Bonney is a native of Tasmania, and although there were several candidates, Miss Bonney was selected on account of her musical abilities, which had been tested by officiating for Mrs. Elliott for a period of nearly three months. The fact of the proficiency of to young a native musician, and her selection by the churchwardens for the appointment are both pleasing circumstances, and must prove highly gratifying to her friends and acquaintance. Miss Bonney commenced a Sunday or two ago, and bas afforded the greatest satisfaction to the congregation.

[Advertisement]: "TO THE CONGREGATION OF ST. DAVID'S", The Courier (11 September 1852), 1

[ADVERTISEMENT.] TO THE CONGREGATION of ST. DAVID'S, And the Public generally. AS a PARENT, I feel it mv duty to lay before you the painful facts in connection with the shutting out of my daughter and the several Choristers from the Singing Gallery of St. David's, which I am sure you will at once discover as an act most unjustifiable and arbitrary, on the part of the Rev. Dr. Bedford more particularly.

Some six months ago Dr. Bedford called on me stating that-tenders were received from several Organists for the Organ at St. David's for the year then ensuing, and expressed his desire very kindly that I should at once tender on the part of my daughter, as he said she should have the preference, from the fact of her having acted in that capacity upon frequent occasions during the unavoidable absence of Mrs. Elliott who was then resigning. I objected to my daughter taking upon herself such a responsibility, being but young, and I fearful of any mishap in her performances which might incur dissatisfaction, thinking at least she would require a further knowledge before she could, with confidence, undertake the task. Mrs. Bonney, more so than myself, objected strongly to Dr. Bedford's proposition, though kind. However, the Rev. Doctor pleaded hard for her, arguing that the responsibility was a mere nothing, - she had acted before, and why could she not do so now, having the organ entirely, at her own command, and if she was young then she would be advancing in years as well as experience. He said the lowest tender received was 401. per annum, tendered by one Miss Webster (whom I have not the pleasure of knowing), and if I would tender in my daughter's name at the same rate it should be accepted. After the Rev. Doctor making little of my own objections, and speaking in the most flattering manner of my daughter's capabilities, and even taking the trouble to write out the form of tender to be rendered for me to copy, I at last consented, and the tender accepted, but solely relying upon the Doctor's good nature to make every allowance in case of any thing going wrong,-I mean with regard to her professional performances, as I did not seek the situation for my daughter, but to gratify Dr. Bedford; and I confess afterwards gave me some little pleasure to see that every satisfaction had been given, not only expressed by the Rev. Doctor himself on frequent occasions, but even taking the trouble to call at my house on a special occasion within the last two months to make known his satisfaction in the strongest terms; and his Lordship the Bishop likewise expressed his entire satisfaction of my daughter's performances as Organist at St. David's.

I failed not upon her assuming the situation to engage a competent master for further instruction, as also a proficient singing master to instruct the choristers, and I believe with general satisfaction all things went on amicably, until about a month since, when Dr. Bedford called on me for the purpose of allowing one Mr. Packer to officiate at the Organ for a Sunday or two. This I had an objection to, as it was at once making little of my daughter's performance, or at least so I took it (here I may mention that rumours were abroad that Mr. Packer intended to obtain the situation of Organist at St. David's if it were by any means possible.) Under these circumstances I think I was doing right in objecting, so long as satisfaction was given, and which the Rev. Doctor could not deny; so I said we could do very well without Mr. P.'s services. This I could see plainly displeased the Rev. Doctor, as it appeared Mr. Packer had insinuated himself into the Doctor's good graces, making appear (but under a cloak), that he was merely anxious to render Miss Bonney gratuitously some professional service. The first or second Sunday after this interview, a report was made by one Giles, the Church-cleaner, of a misconduct said to have taken place on the part of some children in the orchestra, and Dr. Bedford, upon hearing this absurd exparte statement, immediately pronounced sentence !!! and said that Miss Bonney was too young to maintain a proper control over the choir, and because she did not prevent the misconduct reported of, she should no longer play there for him, and that he should forthwith close the Organ-room against her. This, then, is the ground upon which the Rev. Doctor has so cruelly laid to the ground with one hand that which he upheld with the other; thus has he treated one who but for his earnest entreaties would never have come within his unmerciful clutches. Upon being reasoned and expostulated with by myself and others, he agreed to let my daughter play at the Bishop's Lectures, Sunday and Wednesday evenings, his Lordship the Bishop being happy to retain her services at the Church (though this arrangement after being carried out for several evenings was subsequently deemed inexpedient, i.e., two Organists to one Organ, as another had been engaged;) but notwithstanding this piece of kindness on tile part of Dr. Bedford, I was of course not satisfied, and therefore entreated him merely to give the matter a simple hearing on both sides, as there were several gentlemen present, - one the father of a family during the whole three services on the Sunday in question, and who had every opportunity of observing all that transpired in the Organ-room, and who states most positively that there was no cause whatever for the gross and truly unfounded report of the man Giles. This gentleman also called on Dr. Bedford to soften and induce him to revoke his determination, pleading hard, and only desiring an opportunity to confront the maligner face to face. Surely this was not an unreasonable request-but, no : that even would not be granted, because he (Dr. Bedford) had known the man Giles for years, and therefore said he must believe hit statement, though this gentleman in conversation' with the Rev. Doctor at once laid open a most direct and wilful falsehood which Giles had presented in the matter ; but notwithstanding the proof of one falsehood, the Doctor said ne would not enter into the subject; but, forsooth, a judgment was to be passed, and by him too who ought to have been the last to bring down her whom he had himself exalted; and this even in the absence of justice.

I was unfortunately unable to attend Church during the whole day, being confined to my room from a sudden attack of illness; this being the first time I was absent from the singing gallery since my daughter's accession thereto, invariably superintending the choir myself. This day, then, was the opportunity for an attack, thinking that the report would not meet with any formidable opposition, I not being there; but under all these disadvantageous circumstances, I pleaded the safety of my daughter's character, which was at stake, upon such an expulsion from the Church; but the Rev. Doctor said she should be received again as organist when she was a little older, and that her age was all he objected to. This was indeed poor relief and consolation to both parent and child. Her whom the public papers announced as a native credit to the young colony on her appointment, was now to be brought low because she was not older, though eight months had elapsed since she first played the organ at St. David's. Is this, I ask any right-minded person, just cause for such treatment at the hand of Dr. Dedford? I appeal to parents of what I my feelings must be. I then appealed to Mr. Elliston, who is Churchwarden, merely to institute an inquiry into this matter, causing us so much pain; but his reply was, "Dr. Bedford had made up his mind to have Mr. Packer, and therefore he could do nothing in the matter, though most willing to do so." My daughter was then to be turned out to let Mr. Packer in. Here then, colonists, is the sum total of the affair; but I must, before concluding, express my regret that the Churchwardens had not that honesty to institute an inquiry, which indeed was their duty and place, setting aside the judgment of Dr. Bedford; if it was but for our own justification, merely by them to be exonerated, we could with better force meet an inquisitive public. Had the case been one which I could insist upon bringing before ti court of justice, I would willingly have done so. The Churchwardens had the appointing of Mr. Packer, and have all to do with his instalment, but of course nothing to do with Miss Bonney's expulsion; they put it on Dr. Bedford's shoulders, being broader than their own; and this is the way Dr. Bedford gets out of it. He says he never had any idea of putting Mr. Packer into Miss Bonney's place; that it was the place of the Churchwardens to enquire into and settle such matters, and thereby we become a perfect shuttlecock between two battledores at last; when neither hit we fall to the ground. Thus, while the Churchwardens are bringing in with one hand Mr- Packer, with the other hand they are pushing out my daughter and speaking all sorts of kind and sympathising soft words.

I now leave you to judge for yourselves: the bottom of it all, -had Mr Packer not come into the country, my daughter would now he peacefully and satisfactorily continuing her duties at St. David's.

In conclusion, to show the deception carried on, Mr. Packer had the audacity to call at my house shortly before this affair transpired, and said that if they (meaning Dr. Bedford, &c) gave him a thousand pounds he would not go to the organ of St David's but with clean hands; that he was a father himself, and was fully sensible of what my feelings must be upon the subject of another organist being likely to take my child's lawful position. So far from this, pure sentiment as it would seem, on last Sunday evening, when even Dr. Bedford did not contemplate Mr. Packer's attending the Bishop's lecture, closed and locked up the organ-room, for fear my daughter should go to play there; but Mr. Elliston, perhaps thinking when he came that we were inside and shut the doors on him, took the lead, led the way round to the side, and was the first to mount to the railing, after a little exertion, in the presence of the congregation then assembled; but the enemy was not there. The remainder of Mr. Elliston's choir got in one by one, and Mr. Packer then commenced his performance for the evening at the Organ which perhaps he considered he sat before, to use his own words, with clean hands. JAMES BONNER. Hobart Town, 7th September, 1852.

"[Advertisement]: "To the Editor", The Courier (25 September 1852), 4

[ADVERTISEMENT.] To the Editor of the Courier. SIR, - I desire, through the medium of your journal, to lay before the members of the congregation of St. David's some brief particulars relative to the Organship [sic] of that Church: - . . . I am free, to admit Mr. Bonney at first had cause to feel annoyed. But after having on the 28th August resigned Dr. Bedford's morning and afternoon services; and, on the 5th September, agreed to resign altogether for a consideration, which on the 6th was ratified by the acceptance of a cheque for £20, duly paid on the same day, I cannot now look upon his persistence to be reinstated in a favourable light. It is not only unwise, but something more.

To Mr. F. A. Packer an apology is due. He kindly gave his assistance on Sunday the 5th, at the request of Dr. Bedford-and on the evening of the same day at my solicitation. The "head and front of his offence hath this extent, no more" - against Mr. Bonney. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, WM. GORE ELLISTON, Churchwarden. 20th September.

"DEATHS", Examiner (3 December 1932), 1 

"CHURCH WINDOW", The Mercury (10 January 1938), 3 


New Zealand musician, composer, violinist, music retailer

Born c.1830
Arrived New Zealand, before 1852
Died San Francisco, California, USA, 26 September 1883 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


One work by Bonnington, The Emmeline polkas was published in London in 1849 [date from BL catalogue]; he was a "music master" near Nelson in New Zealand by 1852. He published at least two works in Australia.


Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle (7 February 1852), 4

LIST of PERSONS qualified to serve as JURORS, in the District of NELSON, New Zealand, for the Year 1852-53: . . . Bonnington, Joseph, Waimea east, shoemaker; Bonnington, Charles, Welwyn place, music master

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1853), 1

NEW PUBLICATION. In a few days, The Georgiana Polka, by M. C. Bonnington

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 March 1860), 2s

SOUTHERN CROSS SCHOTTISCHE, beautifully illustrated, just published, price 2s. Joseph Wilkie, 16 Collins-street.

[Advertisement], Taranaki Herald (4 May 1861), 2

The Band of H.M. 57th Regiment . . .. PROGRAMME . . . Schottische . . . The Southern Cross . . . Bonnington"

[Advertisement], Manawatu Herald (22 June 1880), 4

"DEATHS", Colonist (29 November 1883), 3 

BONNINGTON - September 26, 1883, at San Francisco, Charles Bonnington, late of Christchurch.

Musical works:

The Emmeline polkas for the P.Forte, by Charles Bonnington (London, [1849])

BL  Music Collections h.943.(37.)

The Georgiana polka ("dedicated to Miss Richmond of Nelson, New Zealand") ([Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, 1853])


Southern alps schottische ("Respectfully dedicated to W. M. Stanton, Esq. Nelson") ([?; ?])

Southern cross schottische ([Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1860])

Copy at London, British Library, Music Collections h.1485.c.(24.)

See also an NZ music print sold from Bonnington's premises:

Bibliography and resources:

John Mansfield Thomson (ed.), The Oxford history of New Zealand music, 45, 48

. . . Charles Bonnington had a music shop and music rooms in Cathedral Square and composed popular pieces . . . [at Nelson] A short-lived Philharmonic Society, conducted by Charles Bonnington, arose in 1852"

Edmund Bohan, Blest madman: Fitzgerald of Canterbury (Canterbury: Canterbury University Press, 1998), 300

Fanny herself sang, "in admirable style", Regret with the accomplished Charles Bonnington's violin obligato.


Historian, Indigenous music and culture reporter

Born Lingfield, Surrey, England, 8 July 1817
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 10 October 1841
Died Soutwick, Sussex, England, 6 February 1906 (NLA persistent identifier)



Singing master, musician, music educator, composer

Born Southwark, England, 21 November 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by early 1855
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 13 September 1883, aged 58 years (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Pianist, composer

Born ?
Died Toowoomba, QLD, 4 August 1882, aged 19


Brother of the journalist and historian James Bonwick, Walter was senior singing master for Victorian public schools from 1855 until his death in 1883. As a composer he published both in his own right and in collaboration with George Weinritter. His son, Arthur, a pupil of Thomas Guenett, died aged 19 in 1882.


[Advertisement]: "MR. WALTER BONWICK'S EASY AND PROGRESSIVE SONGS", The Argus (11 July 1857), 5

[News], The Argus (20 April 1880), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 August 1882), 1

"MUSICAL ECHOES", The Brisbane Courier (2 September 1882), 7

WE often travel abroad to hear news. I find that a Victorian composer has written an original theme, with variations, for the piano. His name is Mr. Arthur Bonwick, and he holds a diploma of the Victorian Musical Association. The Musical Standard in reviewing this composition says:- "The theme is a touching bit of pure melody, judiciously clothed in natural harmonics. . . . The composer is a gifted young Australian, afflicted, it is feared, with a serious consumptive tendency, and the piece gains in its touching expression from the fact that the pen of its composer may, alas! soon be laid aside."

"Deaths", The Argus (14 September 1883), 1

[News], The Argus (15 September 1883), 9

The death of Mr. Walter Bonwick, senior singing master, has deprived the Education department of an old und valued officer. He was employed as instructor of singing under the National Board of Education as far back as 1851 [?], and when the two boards - the national and denominational - were merged in the department of Public Instruction his services were retained. He brought high qualifications and a zealous spirit to bear upon his work, which has produced valuable fruit. He was, it may be said, not only an instructor but a composer. His musical writings included several books of songs for children, which were extensively used in the public schools. He was for many years organist of Christ Church, Hawthorn, where he resided until recently . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Guy Featherstone, "Bonwick, James (1817-1906)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Beverley Maclellan, Walter Bonwick (1824-1883): Walter Bonwick and the establishment of music teaching in the national schools of Victoria, 1855-1856 (M.Ed thesis, University of Melbourne, 1990)

Beverley Maclellan, Walter Bonwick and the place of music in the curriculum of the national, common and state schools, 1854-1883 (Ph.D thesis, University of Melbourne, 1996)

Beverley Maclellan, The brothers Bonwick ([Melbourne]: Author, 1996)

Musical works:

The Irish peasant girl ("The new ballad . . . Sung with great applause by Madame Anna Bishop") (Melbourne: W. H. Williams for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum, [1856]) 

In memory of thee (song; words: Mrs. Alex. Newton) (originally published in The Illustrated Journal of Australasia 3/13 (July 1857); here as reprinted in Williams's musical annual and Australian sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 21-23) 

[With George Weinritter] Thirty-three easy songs ("in two or more parts (principally original): compiled for the use of the Australian youth (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858) 

The Australian school song book (containing sixty-six original songs composed by Walter Bonwick) (Melbourne: Clarson, Massina, 1871) 

BOOM, Richard William

Professor of music, cricketer, bandmaster (brass band, Boom's Quadrilles Band, Prahran State School fife and drum band), flautist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1840
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1868
Died Prahran, VIC, 1898


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (8 January 1868), 4

"SOUTHERN V. RICHMOND", The Argus (13 November 1871), 6

"LICENSED VICTUALLERS' ASYLUM", The Argus (29 October 1875), 6

"SERVICE OF SONG IN THE TOWN HALL", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (15 July 1882), 5

"Local News", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (7 October 1882), 4

A movement has been initiated amongst the pupils attending the Malvern-road State School . . . to collect a sufficient amount with which to establish a fife and drum band. With the pronounced proclivities of young Australians, there need be no fear as to the success of the band; and if under the guidance of an experienced bandmaster like Mr. Boom, there is reason why there should not be, at no distant time, a band contest between the St. Kilda and Prahran bands. 

[News], The Argus (24 November 1883), 8

BOOTH, Agnes (in Australia as "Miss Marion AGNES"; Marion Agnes Land ROOKES; BROOKE(S); ? SMEATHMAN)

Theatrical dancer, actor

Born Sydney, NSW, ? 4 October 1843 / or 1846
Departed Sydney, NSW, c.1858
Died Boston, USA, 2 January 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 June 1856), 3 

Queen's Theatre, West Maitland. UNDER THE MANAGEMENT of MRS. SMEATDMAN. BENEFIT OF MISS JULIA CLIFFORD. TO-NIGHT, THURSDAY, JUNE 4TH. First appearance of Mr. J. HALL (of the Newcastle Theatre) . . . First night of LA TARANTELLA! BY MISS AGNEES and MR. J. HALL . . .

[Recollections], The theatre [London, England] (1890), 366

. . . Agnes Booth said: "In Australia I danced in all the operas with Mme. . . . There was an amateur company among the officers, and they were to play the "Lady of Lyons." Mrs. Brutone, who was then Miss Julia Clifford, was to play Pauline and I was to dance the Highland fling . . .

Gallery of plays from the Illustrated American (1894), 40

MRS. JOHN B. SCHOEFFEL, wife of the famous impresario and manager of grand opera, was born in Sydney, Australia . . . When Anna Bishop toured Australia, Marion Agnes danced in all the operas of that prima donna . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Gerald M. Bordman and Thomas S. Hischak, The Oxford companion to American theatre ( ), 83 (PREVIEW)

. . . Coming from her native Sydney, Australia, she made her first American appearance in San Francisco in 1858 as a child dancer. Using the name Agnes Land, she acted at Maguire's Opera House, then as Mrs. H. A. Perry she made her Broadway debut in 1865 . . . When she married Junius Brutus Booth Jr., in 1867, she took the name of Mrs. J. B. Booth, later simplified to Agnes Booth . . .

BOOTH, William

Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

BORSOTTI, Paolo (Signor BORSOTTI; Pablo)

Bass vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 December 1855 (per Melbourne, from Concepción, Peru, 12 September)
Departed ? after June 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Paolo Borsotti, "from the Italian Opera Lima and Valparaiso" made his first Australian appearance on 7 January 1856 at Melbourne's Theatre Royal, part of Lewis Lavenu's opera season in which, with Clarisse Cailly, Sarah Flower, Maria Carandini, Mons. Barre, and Emile Coulon, he starred in Donizetti's Don Pasquale and Daughter of the regiment, Rossini's The Barber of Seville, and Bellini's Norma.

In February he made his Melbourne concert debut with Elizabeth Testar, Miska Hauser, and pianist Emilie Smith. In June 1857, on a bill with Anna Bishop, Borsotti was reportedly suffering some infirmity, though was last billed in Melbourne to appear with Bishop that month, as Dr. Dulcamara, in the local premiere of Donizetti's L'elisir d'amore.

He reappeared briefly in Sydney in June 1858, advertising in the Herald: "SlGNOR BORSOTTI, First Bass Singer, from the Italian Opera, Milan, Paris, Madrid, London, America, and Melbourne, and Just arrived." I have as yet found no reference at all to Borsotti outside Australia.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (8 December 1855), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 December 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1856), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (10 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (15 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 January 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1856), 8

"M. LAGLAISE'S BENEFIT", The Argus (5 June 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1858), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 91-93

BORTON, Jane Elizabeth (Miss BORTON, Miss J. E. BORTON; Jane Elizabeth BORTON; Mrs. George WICKHAM)

Amateur musician

Born ? Sydney, NSW, c.1833
Married George Wickham, St. James's, Sydney, NSW, 5 August 1857
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 11 November 1866, aged 33


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1857), 1 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1866), 7 


3 owner bound albums of sheer music (vols. 2-4); "Miss J. E. Borton"; MS inscription: "Miss Jane Elizabeth Borton", on titlepages of several scores, some with date; most scores published in Sydney or London; State Library of New South Wales 

BOSTOCK, John Arthur

Organ builder, convict

Arrived, 13 February 1832 (per Asia, from England, 29 September 1831)
Died ? Liverpool, NSW, 1871, aged 70


When assigned as a servant on arrival in Sydney, Bostock was described as "organ builder and gardener". In January 1840, after the conclusion of his 7 year sentence, the Sydney organ builder John Kinloch advertised:

IF JOHN AUTHER [sic] BOSTOCK, who eight years ago was in the employment of Renn and Boston, Organ Builders, Manchester, will apply to Mr. John Kinlock [sic], Organ Builder, Prince-street, Sydney . . . he will hear of something to his advantage.


"Arrivals", The Sydney Monitor (18 February 1832), 4

"RETURN OF CONVICTS ASSIGNED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 June 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 January 1840), 3

Related material:

"The Convict's Burial. Written on board the Asia Prison Ship on her passage to New South Wales (from the East India Magazine)", The Australian (8 June 1832), 4


Organist (St. Peter's, Melbourne)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1858


[Advertisement], The Age (27 April 1858), 1


On Tuesday evening the whole of the first, and the greater portion of the second parts of Haydn's "Creation," with selections from the works of Handel, Mendelssohn, and Beethoven, were performed in this church, in connection with the opening of an organ erected therein by Mr. Biggs, organ builder, Little Lonsdale street . . . The organ, ably played by Mr. Boswell, organist of St. Peter's, is small but powerful, and its tone of excellent quality. The attendance was numerous, but not crowded. The receipts will scarcely clear the instrument from debt.


Jesse Biggs

BOSWELL, Annabella Alexandra Campbell (INNES; Mrs. Patrick BOWSELL)

Diarist, memoirist

Born Yarrows, near Bathurst, NSW, 26 September 1826
Departed NSW, 1865 (for Scotland) Died Scotland, 25 October 1916 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


"A JOURNAL OF EARLY AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1911), 5


Papers of Annabella Innes Boswell; Port Macquarie Museum 

The papers comprise Annabella's journals and correspondence, her transcriptions of other family correspondence, her sketches and drawings, some photographs, some papers relating to her mother, and some correspondence between Patrick Boswell and his family. Annabella's papers have now been inscribed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register.
BOS/1 Journals and Recollections, 1848-1898 This series comprises original journals (a couple written in 1848-49, others written in the 1880s and 1890s), recollections compiled (or transcribed) from original journals that no longer exist, printed editions of some recollections, and some other notes presumably made to refresh her memory. The last item in the series appears to have been written by her husband Patrick Boswell.
BOS/2 Letters, 1826-1857 comprises original letters written by various members of the family and collected or retained by Annabella. Also included are numerous transcriptions of letters, presumably lent to Annabella and copied by her. Even though many of the transcriptions were made by Annabella in her later years in Scotland, the letters all relate to the period of her life in Australia.
BOS/3 Transcriptions of letters written by John Douglas Boswell to his mother and family, 1900-1901 . . .
BOS/4 Paintings and drawings, 1836-1861 The series consists of two sketchbooks and a number of loose sketches and paintings. Some of the sketches and paintings are incomplete, and many are not dated. In the case of the yellow sketch book, it appears that Annabella completed and signed a number of the paintings after they had originally been done, so that she could give the book as a gift to her mother.
BOS/5 Photographs, n.d. Most of these photographs are undated, but most appear to have been taken in Australia before Annabella and her family moved to Scotland in 1865.
BOS/6 Papers relating to Mrs. G. L. M. Innes, 1842-1864 probably acquired by Annabella after her mother's death. They relate to her property interests in Australia, and give some indication of her financial situation.
BOS/7 Letters written between Patrick Boswell and his family, 1839-1848

Boswell 1890 (DIGITISED)

Boswell 1911a (? Boswell 1908) (DIGITISED)

Boswell 1911b


Ngaire M. Souter, "Boswell, Annabella Alexandrina Campbell (1826-1914)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005)


Musician, composer, music publisher, music retailer, music teacher

Born Nottingham, England, 1858
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1883 (per Austral, from England)
Departed Australia, 1898, for New Zealand
Died Auckland, NZ, 3 August 1905


Music teacher, vocalist



[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (10 May 1887), 3

[Advertisement], Daily Telegraph (Launceston) (16 August 1887), 1

"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (8 October 1888), 3

We have a very efficient addition to the list of local composers in Mr. T. H. Bosworth, who, in addition to some sacred music, has just published a new waltz called, "The Beautiful South Esk." The melody is very taking, and, the accompaniment, though simple, has a suggestive cadence which harmonises well with the title. Altogether, it is likely to be very popular, and do credit to the rising reputation of the composer.

"CUCKOO CLUB CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (6 December 1888), 3

CONCERT AT INVERMAY, Daily Telegraph (19 December 1889), 3

"Telegrams", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (22 September 1894), 617 

CAMDEN, Sept. 13. In Camden last night the local Philharmonic Society, assisted by the Picton Philharmonic Society, successfully rendered "The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest" before a very large audience. Mr. T. H. Bosworth conducted.

[Advertisement], Camden News (20 June 1895), 5

"Camden Philharmonic Society", Camden News (8 August 1895), 6

"Music in Camden and District", Camden News (7 November 1895), 1

Since the arrival in our midst of Mr. T H. Bosworth some three years ago, music has undoubtedly made rapid strides. The Camden, Picton and Menangle Philharmonic Societies have been formed, for all of which Mr. Bosworth is engaged as conductor, and the excellent programmes put forth at the various concerts have cultivated a taste for high class music hitherto almost unknown . . .

[Advertisement], Thames Star (3 May 1898), 4

T. H. Bosworth, Piano, Organ, & General Musical Instrument Depot KARANGAHAPE ROAD, AUCKLAND. PIANOS, ORGANS, ET[C] by the best Makers for Cash or on easy terns of Purchase. Every Description of Music, Instrument Fittings, etc., in Stock. Mr. Bosworth was elected Juror for a Musical Instruments at the late International Exhibition, Launceston, Tasmania and has had 23 years London and Colonial experience in the Piano and Music Trade. Instruments bought or exchanged.

"WEBER'S MASS AT THE SACRED HEART", Auckland Star (27 November 1899), 2

"MUSICAL JOTTINGS", Examiner (13 January 1900), 3

"CONCERT AT THE SACRED HEART", Auckland Star (22 May 1900), 2

"CONCERT AT THE ASYLUM", Auckland Star (14 September 1900), 3

"DEATH OF MR. T. H. BOSWORTH", Waikato Times (8 July 1905), 2

DEATH OF MR T. H. BOSWORTH. It is our sad duty to record the death of our fellow townsman, Mr T. H. Bosworth. who passed away at his residence early this morning. Mr. Bosworth has been a sufferer from a chronic heart complaint for some time, and his demise was not altogether unlooked for, although it was not thought the end was so near. About three years ago Mr Bosworth came to Hamilton after having spent some time previously at Cambridge, whither he came after relinquishing a musical supply business which he had carried on for some years in Auckland. Mr Bosworth's musical abilities were of no mean order, and among other positions he occupied was a seat on the commission of the Tasmanian Exhibition in the musical class some years ago. He was for some time before his death the local secretary of the Trinity College, London. As a musician and a teacher of music, he had great talent, and his services were frequently requisitioned throughout the Waikato, and his assistance to deserving objects was readily given. For the last few months he had also been engaged in business as the proprietor of a music warehouse and shop. He was also an enthusiastic and successful poultry breeder, and the Hamilton Bowling Club loses in him a valued member. The news of his death comes as a painful surprise to those who knew him, as he was seen going about his business yesterday, pretty much as usual. He leaves a widow and one little daughter, both of whom are well-known and much appreciated in musical circles. We sincerely join in the general sympathy which is felt for them in their bereavement. The funeral will take place tomorrow at 2.30 p.m.

"TRINITY COLLEGE EXAMINATION", Waikato Times (15 September 1905), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Cyclopedia of New Zealand volume 2, Auckland provincial district (1902), 259

Bosworth, Tom Henry, Teacher of Music, Ponsonby Road, Auckland. Born in Nottingham in 1858, he was educated at the local high school, and studied music under Dr. Briggs, the celebrated Henry Houseley, Fellow of the College of Organists, and subsequently under Heinrich Kohler. The subject of this notice came out to Melbourne, Victoria, in the ship "Austral" in 1883. Removing to the New South Wales capital shortly afterwards, he learned the 'cello from Mr. Edward Straus, one of Sydney's famous musicians. Mr. Bosworth is next found in Albury, where he practised his profession for three years, and made a good connection. In 1887 he went to Launceston, and seven years later to Sydney, establishing a practice in the suburbs. He was for three years conductor to the Picton and Camden Philharmonic Societies. Mr. Bosworth emigrated to Auckland, New Zealand, towards the end of 1896, for climatic benefits, and shortly after his arrival was appointed conductor of the newly formed Grafton Orchestral Union, and of St. Benedict's choir. He is a composer of no mean degree, "The Beautiful South Esk Waltz," which has reached its fourth edition, and "The Military Waltz," being among his compositions. The latter was, at the special request of Messrs. Boosey and Co., London, published in their "Military Band Journal." This is, in itself, quite sufficient to guarantee a large circulation of Mr. Bosworth's compositions. He is also the composer of many songs, several sacred solos, and a quartet for stringed instruments. Mr. Bosworth is a dog fancier, and has for some years past been a successful breeder of prize collies.

Musical works:

The beautiful South Esk Waltz (Second edition. Performed with great success by the Military Bands at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition)

Exhibition waltz (Fourth edition. 1st January, 1897; By the same composer, The beautiful South Esk waltz, The military waltz, The Corra Linn gavotte etc. etc.) (Launceston: T. H. Bosworth, 1897)

BOTT, John

Violinist, musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850


"THE LATE MURDER", The Argus (5 July 1850), 2

John Bott (musician). I was at the Angel Inn playing the violin on the night of the 24th June last; the landlord employed me so to act; I entered the house about six, and left about five minutes to 10 o'clock; a great many persons were in the house that night; nearly all the rooms in the lower part of the house were full; another violin was playing in the bar, the person who officiated in the bar left the house before me. I had been in the habit of playing for the house about six weeks previously; I know but few persons in town, having only lately arrived from Sydney; I recollect seeing the deceased several times on the evening of the 24th June: he appeared to be very drunk, he was noisy but not quarrelsome; when he came into the room where I was playing on the violin, some persons appeared to urge him from behind, and drag him back again : he never came further than the door; I could not see who the persons were that endeavoured to prevent Jones from entering the room . . .

Edward Enderby, labourer - On Tuesday, the 25th ultimo, I saw a man whom I have since ascertained was living at the Angel Inn, come in great haste to the house of Barlow the fiddler while the inquest was sitting, and having apparently made some communication, immediately departed. (This Barlow was the musician who played the fiddle in the bar on the night of the murder.)

"THE MURDER IN LONSDALE", The Melbourne Daily News (5 July 1850), 2 

John Bott who described himself as a musician, residing off Little Bourke-street, Melbourne, deposed - I recollect the night of the 24th June I was at the Angel Inn playing the violin, by the invitation of Dennis Egan the landlord; I went to the house about 6 o'clock and left a little before 10 o'clock; about five minutes before; there were a good many people in the house, all the rooms in the lower part of the house were full in fact; there was another violin playing in the bar which kept it full also; they were not dancing there, the bar was too full, there was no room for any dancing. When I left there were a great number of people in the house; the other fiddler left before me; I know very few of the names of the people, I have been about three months in Melbourne, and have been in the habit of playing at the Angel Inn about six weeks; I recollect seeing the deceased at the door of the room where I was playing several times that night; he appeared to be very much in liquor . . .

A witness named Edward Enderby was here called . . . The day of the inquest he saw a man who was a lodger at the Angel Inn (not the cook) going in a great hurry to the house of one Barlow who was one of the fiddlers at the house on the night of the 24th; in a short time he returned again . . .


John Barlow


Songwriter, comedian, journalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 July 1840 (per Theresa, from London via Plymouth 24 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1894, aged 76

BOURSIQUOT, George Darley

Journalist, newspaper editor, music commentator and reviewer

Born Dublin, Ireland, 1818; son of Samuel BOURSIQUOT and Anne DARLEY
Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1844-50



Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1893


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (24 February 1842), 3 

"To the Editor", The Melbourne Argus (16 February 1847), 3

"THE DINNER", South Australian (3 May 1850), 3

Mr. Ellard was then called on for a song. He sang one which was encored but instead of repeating it, he gave one, called "The Irish dragoon". Certainly we heard nothing in it of an obscene or improper character, but we were at the top of the room and the singer at the bottom; those near him describe it as one of a most unfit kind to be introduced in decent society, and his lordship, who before the song, had risen to go, leaving the room when it was concluded, considerable excitement was the consequence; indeed, from the time of the first interruption order had not been fully restored.

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (7 May 1850), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (15 May 1850), 2

Mr. F. Ellard, the musician, who was formerly in this province, appears to have given great offence, by singing an indecent song at the dinner of the St. Patrick's Society, in the presence of the Roman Catholic Bishop. Mr. Ellard denies the soft impeachment, and states that the song was written by his esteemed friend Arthur Leslie Boucicault [Boursiquot], brother of Dion Boucicault, of London, the author. This Monsieur Leslie Boucicault is also an old Port Phillipian, and will be recollected by many here.

[News], The Argus (3 August 1893), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1894), 1

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Brisbane Courier (1 March 1906), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Material relating to Dion's Boucicault's brother, Arthur Smith Bou(r)cicault, and his family, who were resident in Australia; University of Kent, library, special collections )UKC-CALB-BIO.F205511)



See main entry

Edward and Kate Boulanger



Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852
? Died Maryborough, VIC, 29 August 1865


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1865), 7

BOULT, Arthur

Organist, choirmaster

Born Manchester, England, 1850/1
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 April 1873 (per Yorkshire, from London, via Plymouth, 29 January)
Departed for New Zealand, 1893
Died Auckland, New Zealand, 21 September 1926, aged 75


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (24 April 1873), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 March 1874), 1

"NEWS BY THE SORATA", South Australian Register (6 August 1884), 6

In a special piece of correspondence headed "Cathedral Music in Australia," in a recent Globe, the writer puts Adelaide at the top of the tree. He gives the most unqualified praise to Mr. Boult for his excellent training and management of the choir, and as an evidence of it he mentions certain historical nine practices in one week for the Lent music of this year, and Arthur Everard's singing "Oh, rest in the Lord." In a comparison of intercolonial cathedral music to a South Australian, who knows that while cathedral music has always been carefully fostered in Adelaide, and that it has received little or no encouragement in most other dioceses, however much the comparison may be in favour of Adelaide, it is not worth so much as a complimentary comparison with the old and richly-endowed cathedrals of England. The recent visitor declares Adelaide music to be fast in the footsteps of St. Paul's in London, and that the musical part of the service in the Adelaide Cathedral has reached to a great state of perfection, which fairly places it in the front rank with some of our most noted cathedrals at home. 

"Mr. Arthur Boult at the Cathedral", The Inquirer & Commercial News (17 July 1889), 8

"DEATH OF MR. ARTHUR BOULT", Auckland Star (22 September 1926), 8

Much regret will be felt by a wide circle of friends at the death of Mr. Arthur Boult, of "Hilltop," Khyber Pass Road, Auckland, who passed away yesterday at the age of 75. Born in Manchester, he early developed a talent for music, and received tuition from such well-known men as Drs. Percival and Mathias Field, of Liverpool. In 1876 he was appointed organist to the Adelaide Cathedral, and he held that post for nearly sixteen years, during which period the choir attained the premier position in Australia. Mr. Boult was very active in promoting the success of a number of bodies connected with music. He founded the Adelaide Philharmonic Society and the Adelaide Stringed Quartet Club. It was also due in no small measure to his advocacy and influence that a chair of music was established at the Adelaide University College, and for some years he held a position on the Board of Musical Studies. In 1880 Mr. Boult married the granddaughter of Colonel Gawler, the first constitutional Governor of Australia. About thirty years ago he was advised to try Rotorua for rheumatism, to which he was a martyr. He found the treatment so beneficial, and liked New Zealand so much, that he decided to remain here. He made his home in Auckland, and the family has ever since been prominent in the musical world. Mrs. Boult was closely associated with him in his work as a musician, and wide sympathy will be extended to her and their two daughters. Mr. Boult had suffered from rheumatism for a number of years, but managed to get on wonderfully well and cheerfully in spite of this drawback. He was keenly interested in everything connected with his art right up to the end. He was present at the last concert given by Bachaus, the pianist, and upon returning from the performance he had a stroke, from which he rallied, but never regained his strength, and passed away yesterday.

"THE LATE MR. ARTHUR BOULT", The Register (27 September 1926), 12

Bibliography and resources:

Life and letters of Sir Charles Hallé; being an autobiography (1819-1860) with correspondence and diaries (London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1896), 392 

Cyclopedia of New Zealand volume 2, Auckland provincial district (1902), 259

[Adelaide, 18 August 1890] . . . In the evening we went to hear the Cathedral choir and they sing really well and have beautiful voices. Afterwards we had supper with Mr. Arthur Boult, who has taught the choir; he hails from Manchester; his father was one of the directors of the Concert Hall in 1849, and I believe one of the members of the first committee of the Classical Chamber Music Society . . . 

Boult, Arthur, Professor of Music, Auckland. This gentleman is well known throughout Australasia, more especially in Adelaide, where he resided for about twenty years. Owing to ill-health, he was advised to visit Rotorua, and having done so he decided to settle in Auckland. Mr. Boult was born at Manchester in 1851, and is the eldest son of Mr. Arthur Boult, of the firm of Messrs Wrigley, Son and Boult, paper manufacturers, of Manchester and Bury. He was partly educated at Tower school, Cheshire. At a very early age he evinced a decided musical taste, and studied under Drs. Percival and Mathias Field, of Liverpool. In 1876 Mr. Boult was appointed organist to the Adelaide Cathedral, and he held that post for nearly sixteen years, during which the choir obtained the premier position in Australasia. Mr. Boult was the founder of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society and of the Adelaide Stringed Quartet Club. By his letters in the press and other exertions he also succeeded in initiating a chair of music in the Adelaide University, and for some years he held a position on the Board of Musical Studies. In 1880 Mr. Boult married Miss Gawler, grand-daughter of Colonel George Gawler, the first constitutional Governor of South Australia. This lady is associated with her husband in his work as a musician.


Cecil Sharp was his assistant organist at St. Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide.


Amateur musician (Dilletanti Society)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


? "ARRIVALS", The Colonist (26 January 1839), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 January 1840), 3

Dilletanti Society. THE Public are hereby cautioned against giving credit, on account of this Society, to George Smith, late Secretary, he having been expelled by the unanimous vote of a General Meeting. By order of the Committee, G. BOULTON, Chairman. Jan. 25, 1840.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (31 January 1839), 3 

Dilletanti Society. ACCOUNTS having been presented to the Society, which were entered on the books as having been paid by the late Secretary, the Society beg leave to call the public attention to the Advertisement of their Committee, as published in the journals of the day. By order of the Committee, G. BOULTON, Jan. 31, 1840.


Professor of Music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 March 1852 (per Earl of Charlemont, from Liverpool, 12 December 1851)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1853-56


Boulton commenced an elementary singing class, on Hullah's system, at the Sydney Mechanics School of Arts in March 1853, and in April also advertised as a private teacher of "Pianoforte, Organ, Singing, Musical Composition, &c, No. 188, Elizabeth street North".

He began presenting weekly concerts in the summer of 1854-55. In August 1855 he advertised as a teacher of pianoforte on Logier's system.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (30 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1853), 3

SYDNEY MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS. THE General Committee of the above Institution having made arrangements with Mr. James Boulton, Professor of Music, for the conduct of a Singing Class, in connection therewith, upon the system of Professor John Hullah, beg to inform the members and the public generally that the same will open on Monday, the 4th April next, and that the Secretary will now receive the names of parties wishing to join the said Class, and render all information required as to fees, &c.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 April 1853), 1

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

. . . A party of amateurs, under the direction of Mr. Bolton, the Professor of Music at the Society of Arts, sang two German glees with great taste and feeling. These gentlemen, by dint of much practice together, have acquired that ensemble that is so necessary in glee singing. Their voices harmonise admirably, and they pay attention to the expression sought to be conveyed by the music . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (16 August 1855), 1

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 2-3 

. . . During the evening several glees were sung - most of them German. All were well received, but there was a strong partiality shown to the "Model British glee" - "by Celia's Arbour" - the singers being Messrs. Colley, Fisher, Walcott, and J. Bolton. The vocal efforts of Mrs. St. John Adcock noted with plaudits they deservedly won. Mons. Paling was enchored [sic] in his performance on the violin . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (1 January 1856), 1

SYDNEY MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS - CLASSES - The quarter will commence on the 7th January . . .
[Study] Vocal Music, Hullah's system / [Teacher] Mr. James Boulton / [Lessons per week] Two / [Terms per Quarter] Seven shillings and sixpence /
[Study] The Pianoforte, with use of instrument / [Teacher] Mr. James Boulton / [Lessons per week] Two / [Terms per Quarter] One Guinea and a-half. J. DYER, Secretary

BOURN, Georgina Charlotte (HOBBS; Mrs. Sturges BOURN)

Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte

Born England; baptised St. James, Bath, 5 June 1835
Married Sturges BOURN, St. James, Bath, 25 December 1851 (minor)
Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1852; Bendigo, VIC, 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms in the parish of St. James, Bath . . . in the year 1835, page 138

June 5th / Georgina Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Flower Hobbs, Southgate Street, Saddler and Harness maker / and Maria . . .

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (11 November 1852), 5

. . . The following is the programme for this evening, introducing also, we perceive, a new lady singer: - Overture - Zauberflott [sic]; Song - Messenger, Mr. Gregg; Solo Violln - Mr. Weston; Song - The slave, Mrs. Testar; Die Peerlen Waltzer; Song - I would I were a Fairy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Duett - Dearest, let my footsteps follow, Mrs. Testar and Mr Gregg. Sinfonia.- Heroica. [sic] PART II. Overture.- Anacreon; Song.- Rock'd in the Cradle of the Deep, Mr. Gregg; Song, - I'd be a Gipsy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Solo Cornet a'Piston - Mr. de Grey; Ballad.- Roam with me, Mrs Testar; Sturm Marsch Galop. Song.- Revenge, Mr. Gregg; Finale - Rule, Britannia.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

MRS. STURGES BOURN, Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte. For terms, apply at her residence, 79, Stephen-street, next door to Mr. Long, Chemist and Druggist.

"BIRTH", Bendigo Advertiser (2 June 1856), 2



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 May 1851 (per Windsor, from London, 15 February)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (31 May 1851), 2

"STRANGERS TAKEN IN AND DONE FOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 June 1851), 3

The portly form of Mr. Joel John Cohen entered the testimonial box yesterday, and that gentleman gave most powerful evidence against Wm. Joseph Brown, waiter at the Sir Richard Bourke Inn, Pitt-street, and Patrick Walsh, occupation not very defined, touching and concerning a gold chain which had departed from the hands of its proper owner. Walsh entered Mr. Cohen's shop on Wednesday and offered the chain for sale. Mr C. examined it with his clear, piercing, microscopic eye, and found unmistakeable marks of it having been torn away from some person unknown; he therefore questioned Walsh, who stated that it was found on Friday in Pitt-street. "Was it?" said Mr. Cohen. "Then I shall detain it and you till the police are made acquainted with that fact." Walsh altered his statement, and declared he got the article from Brown. Apprehension of the pair was the natural remit - and lo! the real owner of the glittering treasure was found in the person of Mr. John Bourne, musician, a new arrival per Windsor. Mr. Bourne being interrogated, deposed that he landed last Friday at two o'clock with a friend. They strolled about the streets and selected the Mayor Inn, Pitt-street, as their first house of call. There they were entertained most agreeably, and also received the pleasing intelligence that they could have beds for the night. The strangers departed for another stroll, and entered into so many hostelries on their travels, that they were utterly unable to see a hole through a ladder, or distinguish "The Mayor" from "The White Horse." Unluckily they walked into the "Sir Richard Bourke," were they remained imbibing till midnight. On turning down Pitt-street, Mr Bourne was hustled by several persons, and in the scuffle lost all guard over his chain; in fact, "the last links were broken which bound it to him." And, as misfortunes never come alone, he found himself hurried to the watch-house for protection - in other words, for being excessively drunk. Mr. B. told his tale in the most naif way, and admitted that he-never complained of his loss to the Police, as he dreamt that little faith was to be placed in that illustrious body . . .

BOWDEN, Mary (Mrs. Alfred BOWDEN)


BOWDEN, Alfred Henry

Musician, music teacher

Died Launceston, TAS, 3 June 1932


"OBITUARY. MR. A. H. BOWDEN", Examiner (4 June 1932), 6 

BOWEN, Charles

Violinist (Royal Lyceum Theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861


[Advertisement], Empire (5 August 1861), 1

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE. Lessee, Mr. R. TOLANO . . . FIRST NIGHT OF THE DRAMATIC SEASON! THIS (Monday) EVENING, August 5th . . . A Full and Efficient Orchestra of first class Artistes. Leader and Director, Mr. G. Peck; Principal second Violin, Mr. Charles Bowen; Flute, Mr. Palmer; Clarionet, Mr. McCoy; Double Bass, Mr. Seal; Bassoon, Mr. Wright; Cornet, Mr. McHarnish; Drums and Triangle, Mr. Johnson . . .


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

SIR - I respectfully beg that you will in your journal contradict - "That I have leased the Theatre to any one." But that, from the great sums I have expended for its re opening, not only the scenery, dresses, and others; and, though last, not least, a considerable number of musicians ; amongst the names of the gentlemen, are - Mr. Dean (leader), his Three Sons, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Turner, Papping and Son (French horns), Johnson, White, Westrop, White, Bowles, and others whose names I have not taken note of. And I trust, when I take charge of the Theatre, to conduct it with respectability, and make it convenient to a liberal public. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, BARNETT LEVEY. Thursday, 20th March, 1836



Active Adelaide, SA, 1859


? "SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (7 September 1859), 3

The usual quarterly soiree in connection with the South Australian Institute took place at White's Assemby Room, on Tuesday evening September 6 . . . The musical entertainment was, as on former occasions, divided, part coming before and part after the lecture. The vocal performers were Mr. J. W. Daniel, Mrs. Perryman, a young lady (a pupil of Mr. Daniel), and two gentlemen amateurs . . .

"PORT ADELAIDE INSTITUTE. OPENING SOIREE", South Australian Register (12 October 1859), 3

The first soiree in connection with the Port Adelaide Institute was held, as announced, on Monday evening, in the large room at the White Horse Cellar . . . The entertainment was commenced with a glee, "Through lanes with hedgerows," which was executed in a most pleasing manner by Mrs. Perryman, Mrs. Daniel, Miss Bowman, and Messrs. Daniel, Christen, and Lake; after which Mrs. Perryman and Miss Bowman sang a duet, "I would that my love" . . .

? "MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (28 January 1860), 5 

BOYD, Hannah Villiers

Author, writer on music and musical education, songwriter

Born c.1805-7
Active (1) NSW, c.1841-54
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, September 1857 (per Orient)
? Arrived (3) QLD, 1863 (doubtful)
Died Dublin South, Ireland, September 1879 (NLA persistent identifier) 


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1854), 2 

"BOYS IN THE POOR-HOUSE", Cork Constitution [Ireland] (7 December 1854), 2

We have never inserted a letter better worth the attention of those whom it was addressed to than the following. To us it appears of the very highest importance. We did not, however, imagine that in times when there is a general complaint of want labour such a number of boys fit for anything could be enclosed within the walls of a Workhouse: -

TO THE CORK BOARD OF POOR-LAW GUARDIANS. GENTLEMAN - It is now upwards of thirteen years since I embarked from this port for Australia. I passed the greater part of my time, since that period, in Sydney and its vicinity, and have necessarily had ample opportunity of observing the fluctuations in the labour market. When I left Sydney last April, labourers were earning pound a day; mechanics, £2 a day; servants' wages varied from £2O to £3O yearly. The most ignorant servant girl would find plenty of ladies glad to engage to instruct her in every branch of useful domestic service, and to give her £2O a year wages, but good servants, who did not require to be taught their business, would only hire by the week, and ask from ten to fifteen shillings per week. Washing was 6s. a dozen; meat and bread were the same price as they are here; butter, eggs, and vegetables dearer; tea, sugar, and rice, cheaper. I arrived in this city on Friday last, and went yesterday to visit the poorhouse . . . and I was much pleased with the cleanliness and good order everywhere visible . . .. I was grieved to see four-hundred boys in the Poor House yesterday, who would all be capable of supporting themselves once landed in Australia . . . There are numbers of respectable and wealthy employers of labour in Sydney and its neighbourhood who would be glad to get such boys as apprentices, without any fee, and teach them useful trades, or employ them in shepherding or agriculture. Could not an experiment be made sending immediately few of the most grown to Sydney, under a confidential individual, who might act as their instructor on the voyage? On their arrival there, I feel certain, that if I were to write one or two letters to friends in Sydney, a number of gentlemen would ready to take them from the ship, to pay the expense of their passage, and to engage them as apprentices . . . I can only took on the poor houses as nurseries for Australia. Thus a continual stream of self-supporting emigration might be carried on, and the public need not be burdened with the support of any paupers but children under 12 years old . . . you will give my suggestions a little consideration, I remain, gentlemen, yours respectfully, HANNAH V. BOYD. 6, Belgrave Place, 5th Dec. 1854.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 February 1855), 6 

PREPARING FOR THE PRESS. - Some passages in the Life of a Governess, by Hannah Villiers Boyd. The above work is to be printed in French and English for presentation at the Exhibition in Paris, in 1855. Persons desirous of procuring copies are requested to give their names to Messrs. WAUGH and COX, George-street.

[Advertisement], Clare Journal, and Ennis Advertiser [Ireland] (29 August 1861), 2

MRS. HANNAH VILLIERS BOYD, WHO has resided Fifteen Years in Australia, will give a LECTURE on SOCIAL EMIGRATION to that Country, at the COURT-HOUSE, ENNIS, on SATURDAY, AUGUST 31st, at ONE O'CLOCK. Admittance, 1d; Reserved Seats, 6d. Profits to be applied to Assisting the Cause of Emigration. Tickets for Reserved Seats to be had at Mrs. Molony's Grocer, Church-street.

"TO THE EDITOR", Cork Constitution [Ireland] (27 January 1863), 2

SIR - I read with much pleasure a letter published in your Journal, dated Monday, 19th inst., from a gentleman residing in Ipswich, Queensland, giving a very interesting description of the locality in which he has been evidently a successful settler. You will oblige me by giving a place in your columns to the following extract from a work which I have been fortunate enough to meet with at the house of a friend, as I purpose (D.V.) embarking for Queensland in May or June next. The title of the book in Queensland, Australia; a highly eligible field for emigration . . . By JOHN D. LANG, D.D., A.M. The fifth chapter thus commences:

"The principle districts to the northward . . . and most productive cotton grounds in the world."

Boyd edited extracts from pages 114-19 

I remain, Sir, yours respectfully, H. V. BOYD, Cork, January 22nd.

"POETRY AND MUSIC. LECTURE BY MRS. VILLIERS BOYDE", Clare Journal, and Ennis Advertiser [Ireland] (20 February 1865), 3

On Thursday evening last a very practical lecture on the above subjects was delivered in the large room of the Town Hall by the above-named lady, teacher of music, languages, &c, in Kilkee. Mrs. Boyde commenced by describing, in a brief but comprehensive manner, the nature and properties of poetry and music, how they differed in relation to each other, and what effect they had on the minds of those who composed or heard them discoursed. Poetry required melody, and music harmony. Music was, as Shakspear described it, a "concord of sweet sounds." In his celebrated play of the "Merchant of Venice," he says: "The man that hath no music in himself, And is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils; The motions of his spirit are dull as night, And his affections dark as Erebus: Let no such man be trusted." Mrs. Boyde then went on to say that music required a certain number of different sounds to harmonise, so as to form a distinct air, and referred to the justly celebrated air of "Rousseau's Dream," the first part of which was composed of but three notes. Having played the simple air, she proceeded to play it with variations of her own composing, which were of a very pleasiug and elaborate nature, and rendered still more so by the admirable and skilful manner they were produced on the piano. Mrs. Boyd next referred to certain phases of poetical oomposilion, particularly that of "descriptive poetry," and repeated some very touching verses by way of example. She also referred to music in this respect, and sang Longfellow's exquisite song of "Excelsior" as an illustration. She next sung the lately-composed Australian national song, and some of it to music of her own composing, which was composed by her and offered for a competition at the time the air was about to be established as a national one in this vast colony. It was not accepted, she said, because she was obliged to add some words to the conclusion of each verse, in order to set it music. Having given some other Australian songs, she played with elegant execution and very great sweetness some Irish airs and a set of quadrilles, which appeared be very acceptable to the audience, as they were loudly applauded. She also sang a very amusing melody, and reprated the comic piece of the "Chameleon." After singing one of Moore's melodies, and repeating other poems, she brought the very agreeable entertainment to a conclusion by playing "God save the Queen."

Writing on music:

Hannah Villiers Boyd, Letters on Education; addressed to a friend in the bush of Australia (Sydney: W. and F. Ford, 1848), 64-85 (Letter 4) 

LETTER IV. MY DEAR MRS. ADAM, I regret to say that I have as yet been unsuccessful in my efforts to procure you a pianoforte. Musical instruments are, just now, very scarce in the colony, and I could not get one which I should consider worth sending such a distance, for the price you mention. In a few months I may be more successful, as, no doubt, there will be a supply sent from England, when it is known there is such a demand for them. In the mean time I advise you not to defer teaching Fanny all you can without an instrument. You say you have forgotten a great deal of what you learned yourself for want of a piano to practise on; however I think you will be able to revive your knowledge with the assistance of the little book I send you, called "The Juvenile Pianist." If you will devote an hour or half an hour every day, to studying the theory (which is very clearly explained by Miss Rodwell) with Fanny, you will find that by the time you get a piano, she will have conquered many of the [65] difficulties. I also send you Logier's "First Companion to the Chiroplast." And as soon as she thoroughly understands the difference between lines and spaces, crotchets, quavers, minims, &c., and the various kinds of time, you should make her go regularly through the "Companion to the Chiroplast," telling you the names of all the notes both in the treble and bass,and reckoning the number of semiquavers, &c., which are equal to a minim or crotchet, and comparing each lesson with the rules which she has previously studied in "The Juvenile Pianist." You will perceive that Logier's first lessons are "five-finger exercises," and the Chiroplast, which they are intended to be played with, is an instrument placed over the keys of the piano, which keeps the four fingers and the thumb of each hand in a steady position. It is very useful in Schools and Musical Academies, as it saves a teacher a good deal of trouble; but I think it unnecessary where a teacher can devote half an hour daily to each pupil, and thus watch that the hands do not acquire careless habits. One of the chief objects in putting a child to practise the piano early, is to give the fingers exercise while they are young and tractable; but if you will make Fanny exercise hers for half an hour every day, on the table, it will nearly answer the same purpose, and have this advantage, that she will have no opportunity [66] of being guided by her ear, until she has conquered the difficulty of learning to read music with facility. You should raise her chair a little, so that when sitting at the table, the elbow, wrist, and back of the hand, should be about three inches above it, in an even horizontal line, and the tips of the fingers touching it. Be particular in those exercises where there is only a succession of single notes, not to let her keep more than one finger down at a time, and exercise the hands well alternately, before she puts both down together. By pursuing this plan steadily, you will exercise the reasoning and observing intellectual powers, which are most useful auxiliaries to the organs of Tune and Time.

It would have saved me many an unhappy hour had this system been adopted by my first teachers, and as a proof of the disadvantage attending the adoption of a contrary system, I shall give you a sketch of the history of my musical education. My parents resided in the country, and when I was six years old, and my elder sister seven, my mother engaged a music master to come and instruct us, as he was in the habit of instructing the children of other families in our county and the adjoining ones. He came to our house, for a week at a time, every five or six weeks. During the week of his visit, we were constantly kept at music, and he left us a sufficient number of lessons to practise during [67] his absence. Nothing could succeed better than this plan did with my sister; but she, besides being gified with musical talent, was one of those amiable, tractable, and obedient children, who are never inattentive, and never require to be told any thing a second time. Her progress surpassed the master's expectation, and when but nine years old she was able to play Handel's and Corelli's music at sight, and to form the chords from figures with very little instruction in thorough bass, in concert with the master who played the violincello, and one of my brothers who played the flute. It was a matter of great astonishment to my mother and my other relations that I did not make the same progress, because I had learned to read without any difficulty, and was fond of singing little songs, such as children readily learn; but although I had the'same instruction, and the same opportunity of learning as my sister, I was always in disgrace during the week of Mr. Phillips' visit. No one ever hated another more cordially than I hated him. He used to travel about on a little black pony, with a portmanteau strapped behind him, and when I saw him ride by the drawing-room windows, to give his quadruped in charge of the groom, I often regretted that he had not broken his neck on the road. I felt conscious of having forgotten all he had taught me during his [68] previous visit; and I anticipated plenty of King Solomon's remedy during the ensuing week. Music happened to be the only branch of education which brought me into disgrace, but my poor mother was so anxious that I should excel as a pianist, that she never spared the rod, when Mr. Phillips complained to her of my idleness and obstinacy. He used often himself to knock my knuckles with a pencil, and tell me that my brains should be taken out and washed, or that he should get a hammer and nail, and drive the music into my head; but his and my mother's united efforts were unavailing. I was for seven years learning without making any progress, and it was only after that period, when I learned in France from a master who taught on Logier's system, and made me write all the chords, so as to learn the theory practically, that I began to like music.

Now had Mr. Phillips been a phrenologist, he would have observed that my sister's head and mine were very differently formed, and that, consequently, we each required a different system of instruction. I had Time, Tune, and Imitation, well developed, and found no difficulty in playing by ear; but was deficient in the observing faculties and Concentrativeness, which should all have been carefully exercised by making me both read and write music, before I was put to [69] play a tune; whereas, my sister, who had a fair proportion of all the faculties required to make a good learner, would have improved under any system or teacher. I remember, as a child, that I had a very easily distracted attention , and all the time Mr. Phillips was talking to me about crotchets, quavers, whole tones, semitones, &c., I was thinking of some story book I had been reading, and wishing there had never been such a thing invented as a pianoforte. I had also large Destructiveness, which severity tended to increase; for, when in the drawing-room by myself, I frequently breathed into that part of the piano where the wires were uncovered, in the hope that the strings would become rusty, and break in such numbers that there might be a cessation for a time to practising.

Before you get a pianoforte, you should stimulate Fanny's organs of Time, Tune, and Imitation, and indeed those of all children, by singing frequently for them, and encouraging them to join you. You can do this while you are at your needle-work, or in the evenings before the candles are lighted. I send you the words of a few songs and hymns which all children can understand, and which you can sing to familiar airs. The celebrated American physician, Dr. Rush, recommends singing to be taught to children, not only as an accomplishment, but as a corrective of the too common tendency [70] to pulmonary complaints. "Vocal music," says he, "should never be neglected in the education of a young lady; besides preparing her to join in that part of public worship which consists in Psalmody, it will enable her to soothe the cares of domestic life; and the sorrows that will sometimes intrude into her bosom may be relieved by a song, when sound and sentiment unite to act upon the mind. I here introduce a fact, which has been suggested to me by my profession, and that is, that the exercise of the organs of the chest by singing, contributes much to defend them from those diseases to which the climate and other causes expose them. The Germans are seldom afflicted with consumption. This I believe is in part occasioned by the strength which their lungs acquire by exercising them in vocal music, for this constitutes an essential branch of their education. The master of our academy has furnished me with an observation still more in favour of this opinion. He informed me that he had known several persons, strongly disposed to consumption, who were restored to health by the exercise of their lungs in singing."

The voices of children cannot be exercised too soon, provided they are not allowed to exceed the natural pitch of the voice, which varies in different individuals. A voice may be much injured while a child is young by [71] making an effort to sing too high, and no tone should be attempted which cannot be produced without difficulty. The voice will increase in power as the child grows, by merely exercising it on the lower notes.

I have observed in Europe, that mothers frequently make great mistakes in endeavouring to stimulate their daughters to excel in music, by holding out encouragements to industry in practising, which are injurious to the growth of the moral sentiments, Shakspear tells us -

     The cause why music was ordain'd!
Was it not to refresh the mind of man,
After his studies or his usual pain?

And one of my favorite poets, Cowper, says -

There is in souls a sympathy with sounds,
And as the mind is pitch'd the ear is pleased
With melting airs or martial, brisk or grave,
Some chord in unison with what we hear
Is touch'd within us, and the heart replies.

Now if the motive held out to children to induce them to improve be a good one, such as a wish to please their parents, or to afford gratification to their friends, their dispositions are not likely to be injured by devoting one or two hours every day to the practice of a musical instrument; as Time, Tune, and the observing faculties, are exercised in conjunction with Love of Approbation, Veneration, and Benevolence. If, on the [72] contrary, they are stimulated to try and excel some individual of their acquaintance; encouraged to be ambitious of obtaining praise and admiration in society, and exciting in others that envy which "withers at another's joy;" their selfish feelings will be fostered, and their benevolent ones repressed, while they are devoting their time to learning an accomplishment which may never be a means of adding either to their own happiness, or that of those parents who lavishly spend money in thus stimulating the organ of Self-esteem. If a deficiency of natural taste prevent their arriving at a superior degree of excellence in performance, disappointment will ensue; they will feel themselves that envy which they failed to excite in others, and the pianoforte or harp will be given up in a fit of despair, after, perhaps, much time and money has been wasted.

I enlarge on this subject, my dear Mrs. Adam, because I wish to guard you against those fatal errors in education which I have observed productive of serious evils in that "dear England," which you are so much inclined to sigh after. It is now the fashion there to introduce a very difficult style of music into private society. Shakspear says, in speaking of the refining effect which music should have on the character - [73]

The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils,
The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
And his affections dark as Erebus, -
Let no such man be trusted.

Young ladies in England who follow the dictates of Dame Fashion try to perform on the pianoforte in the very difficult style which Herz and Thalberg have introduced; and, treating English music with contempt, try to sing Italian songs like Pasta or Malibran. A gentleman at an evening party not expressing himself delighted with such performance is probably set down as an individual devoid of taste, and it is well if he be not suspected of being only "fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils." But it should not be forgotten that the poet only finds fault with persons who are not touched by "sweet sounds;" and that there are as great a variety of opinions and taste regarding what is "sweet" in this art, as there are about what is palatable in the art of cookery. Persons who are not accustomed to frequent the Italian Opera House, rarely listen with pleasure to concertos, overtures, or bravura songs. A simple ballad sung with feeling, or a familiar air played with taste, will always give more pleasure to those who prefer music to execution, than the finest concerto, though it were played by Herz himself, or the most beauti-[74]-ful of Bellini's airs, though it were sung by a Catalani. And if young ladies, in learning music, studied the art of pleasing more than the art of astonishing, they would find it a more easy task, and success would more frequently crown their labours.

Parents frequently complain that one child has no ear for music, and that another has no voice. It is not fair to decide this point too soon. An Italian Professor of Music once told me, that any individual who could distinguish the voices of two persons speaking in another room, had an ear; and that any one who could speak had a voice. That some are much more gifted with musical talent and taste than others, no one can deny; but a simple style of music is within the reach of all, and I advise you, as your little boys become old enough, to teach them music, as well as Fanny, and it will improve her to assist you in instructing them.

In the career of Sir William Herschel, we have an example of a man, who immortalized his name by his discoveries in Astronomy and his invention of optical instruments, whose reasoning and observing faculties were developed by application from an early age to the science of music. I shall give you a sketch of his life, which I extracted some time since from The Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties. "He was a native of Hanover, and while yet only an itinerant teacher of [75] music in country towns, he had assiduously devoted his leisure, not only to the making himself more completely master of the language of his adopted country, but also to the acquiring of a knglwledge of the Italian, the Latin, and even the elements of the Greek. At this time probably, he looked to these attainments principally with a view to the advantage he might derive from them in the prosecution of his professional studies; and it was, no doubt, with this view also, that he afterwards applied himself to the perusal of Doctor Robert Smith's "Treatise on Harmonics," one of the most profound works on the science of music which then existed in the English language. But the acquaintance he formed with this work, was destined ere long to change altogether the character of his pursuits. He soon found that it was necessary to make himself a mathematician before he could make much progress in following Dr. Smith's demonstrations. He now therefore turned with his characteristic alacrity and resolution to the new study to which his attention was thus directed; and it was not long before he became so attached to it, that almost all the other Pursuits of his leisure hours were laid aside for its sake.

"During his residence at Bath, although greatly occupied with professional engagements, the time he devoted to his mathema-[76]-tical studies was rather increased than diminished. Often, after a fatiguing day's work of fourteen or sixteen hours among his pupils, he would, on returning home at night, repair for relaxation to what many would deem the severer exercises. In this manner, in course of time, be attained a competent knowledge of geometry, and found himself in a condition to proceed to the study of the different branches of physical science, which depend upon the mathematics. Amongst the first of these latter that attracted his attention were the kindred departments of astronomy and optics; and as in the course of his philosophical studies he became desirous of beholding with his own eyes, those wonders of the heavens, of which he read so much, he for that purpose borrowed from an acquaintance a two-feet Gregorian telescope. This instrument interested him so greatly, that he determined to procure one of his own, and commissioned a friend in London to purchase one for him, of a larger size. But he found the price was beyond what he could afford. To make up for this disappointment he resolved to attempt to construct a telescope for himself; and after encountering innumerable difficulties in the progress of his task, he at last succeeded in the year 1774 in completing a five-feet Newtonian reflector. This was the beginning of a long and brilliant course of triumphs in the same [77] walk of art, and also in that of astronomical discovery."

It is worthy of notice, in contemplating the character of this great man, that the occupation of teaching is in itself a fine exercise both of the moral and intellectual powers. Herschel appears to have spared no trouble to arrive at perfection in the profession he had chosen - the art of teaching music; and he reaped the reward of his labours in away which he little calculated upon, when his Conscientiousness led him to spend his leisure hours in study for the advantage of his pupils. All who are Worthy the name of teachers, should, like him, go on steadily in the path of selfculture; those who with a little learning take up teaching as a means of existence, and are satisfied to remain year after year, mere hearers of lessons, and wielders of rods and canes, disgrace their profession, which ought to be a noble one, for St. Paul places teachers in the same honorable rank as Apostles and Prophets. Ephesians, 4th chapter and llth verse. The reason, perhaps, why good teachers do not hold that high position in European society to which moral and intellectual superiority should always entitle their possessors is, that the Old World is now only recovering from the mists of prejudice and ignorance by which the dark ages were distinguished. An eminent Author says, that, "One of the first effects of printing was to [78] make proud men look upon learning as disgraced by being thus brought within reach of the common people. Till that time, learning, such as it was, had been confined to courts and convents, the low birth of the clergy being overlooked, because they were privileged by their order. But when laymen in humble life were enabled to procure books, the pride of the aristocracy took an absurd course, insomuch that at one time it was deemed derogatory for a nobleman if he could read or write. Even scholars themselves complained that the reputation of learning, and the respect due to it, and its rewards, were lowered when it was thrown open to all men; and it was seriously proposed to prohibit the printing of any book that could be offered for sale below the price of 3 soldi. This base and invidious feeling Was perhaps never so directly avowed in other countries as in Italy, the land where literature was first restored; and yet in this more liberal island, ignorance was for some generations considered to be a mark of distinction by which a man of gentle birth chose, not unfrequently, to make it apparent that he was no more obliged to live by the toil of his brain, than by the sweat of his brow. ([footnote]: "Colloquies on the Progress and Prospects of Society," by Robert Southey, Esq., L.L.D.]

Some of the mists of ignorance still remain, [79] but they are quickly wearing away, and must be ultimately dispelled by the two great lights of Reason and Revelation, which are given us by the Almighty to lead us to the knowledge of truth, and may be compared to the two lights He has placed in the firmament to dispel the darkness of the natural world, and lead us to an acquaintance with the visible objects around us.

Wishing you every success in your occupations of teacher and learner, I remain,

Yours, &.c.

Songs for Children [79-85] 

THE LITTLE FISH (Rhymes for the Nursery), BY MISS TAYLOR. AIR. - "There's nae luck about the house."

"Dear mother," said a little fish . . . [gives complete text, 6 stanzas, 79-80]

THE SPIDER AND THE FLY. BY MARY HOWITT. AIR. - "Will you come to the bower."

"Will you walk into my parlour?" said the spider to the fly . . . [gives complete text, 6 stanzas, 80-82]


"Lazy sheep, pray tell me why . . . [gives complete text, 4 stanzas, 82-83]


"Oh! call my brother back to me . . . [gives complete text, 7 stanzas, 83-84]


I thank the goodness and the grace
That on my birth have smiled
And made me in those Christian days,
A free Australian child.

NB Boyd's alteration to line 4

. . . [gives 4 more stanzas, 84]

THE BUSY BEE. BY DR. WATTS. AIR. - "There is nae luck."

How doth the little busy bee . . . [gives 2 stanzas, 85]

Other works:

A voice from Australia; or, An inquiry into the probability of New Holland being connected with the prophecies relating to New Jerusalem and the spiritual temple by Hannah Villiers Boyd (Sydney: Printed by Robert Barr, 1851) 

Many references to music and song in the original 1851 edition; notably, on page 31, Boyd reproduces:

. . . the following lines, written by John Rae, Esq., of Sydney, and set to music by Professor S. H. Marsh:- / NATIONAL AUSTRAIAN ANTHEM. / Hail to Victoria! Queen of the Ocean . . . [etc.]

[As above] . . . second edition, revised (London: Partridge and Co., 1856) 

Bibliography and resources: 

BOYES, George (G. T. W. BOYES; G. T. W. B. BOYES; George Thomas William Blaney BOYES; "Alphabet BOYES")

Public servant, amateur violinist, pupil of Paolo Spagnoletti

Born Stubbington, Hampshire, England, 1787
Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1824 (per Sir Geoffrey Webster)
Died Belle Vue, Newtown, Hobart, TAS, 16 August 1853 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Note, the ADB and the NLA's derived record incorrectly give Boyes's fourth and last forename as "Blamey", recte "Blaney"

Boyes's extant letters and journals (journals in the Royal Society of Tasmania collection digitised by the University of Tasmania) by the contain many brief but interesting references to his own music making in Sydney and Hobart, including playing violin duets, and a few late instances of amateur string quartet playing, as well as references to his children's music teachers and lessons.

An edited transcript of these musical references, to be added here, is in preparation.


Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1191409; RGD35/1/4 no 343 (DIGITISED)

"Obituary. Death of G. T. W. B. BOYES, Esquire, Colonial Auditor", The Courier (17 August 1853), 3 

We have the melancholy task of recording the death of George Thomas William Blaney Boyes, Esquire, the Auditor-General of this Colony. The deceased was on the half-pay list of the Commissariat, having held, since 1813, the commission of Deputy Assistant Commissary-General, in which capacity he served in Spain during some portion of the Peninsula campaign. Having been ordered to this colony he was, in 1826, selected by Sir G. Arthur for the office of Auditor of Civil Accounts, in which appointment he was confirmed by the Home Government. On the removal of Mr. Montagu, in 1842, his experience and aptitude for business recommended him to Sir John Franklin as a fit and proper successor to that very able Colonial Secretary. In this, however, he was superseded by the late Mr. Bicheno, with whom, during the lifetime of that gentleman, he lived in habits of the closest intimacy, an intimacy rendered most delightful by their mutual tastes and accomplishments. Retired in his habits, Mr. Boyes was known thoroughly only to a limited circle; but within that circle his gentlemanly bearing and his agreeable manners and conversation enforced the esteem of all. He died yesterday at one o'clock.


Orchestral musician, member of theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1842), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. FIRST NIGHT OF THE SEASON . . . THE ORCHESTRAL DEPARTMENT WILL CONSIST OF MR. S.W. WALLACE, LEADER, Mr. Deane, Master Deane, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Wallace, Senr., Mr. Walton, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Pappin, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Robertson, Master Strong, Mr. Boyle, &c, &c. . . .

BOYLE, George E.

Singing-master, choirmaster, teacher of singing and piano

Born ? Ireland
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1884 (recently arrived from New Zealand)
Died ? Sydney, NSW, 12 January 1936

BOYLE, Lizzie

Pianist, piano teacher

Died Sydney, NSW, 7 July 1936

BOYLE, George Frederick

Pianist (pupil of Mark Hambourg, Busoni), teacher, composer

Born Woollahra, NSW, 29 June 1886
Died Philadelphia, USA, 20 June 1948


"AUCKLAND PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", New Zealand Herald (21 March 1882), 5

"Shipping", Evening News (4 August 1884), 4

"Singing Class", Evening News (6 September 1884), 6

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (27 December 1884), 12

"Boyle's Singing Classes", Evening News (8 January 1886), 3

Mr. G. E. Boyle, teacher of singing, is really doing good work in promoting a knowledge of vocal music among us, and is cultivating the ability to sing at sight. He has about 400 pupils receiving instruction from him, and he teaches them to sing on the old system of notation, which, when properly taught, is just as easy as any other . . .

"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1886), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1887), 8

A choral concert was given by Mr. Boyle's singing class in the Y.M.C.A. Hall on October 2, and was largely attended. The pupils were assisted by Miss Marion Llewellyn, Mr. J. T. Brown, Mr. T. H. Massey, and Signor Priora. Mrs. Ruffy Hill gave a recitation, and Master George Boyle played several piano solos, showing precocious talent and careful teaching.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1892), 5

SINGING and Piano. - Mr. and Mrs. BOYLE, have resumed tuition, 142 D'hst,-rd or Paling's, Geo-st.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1895), 2

"Concerts", Australian Town and Country Journal (9 October 1897), 34

"MASTER GEORGE BOYLE", Freeman's Journal (10 November 1900), 12

Master George Boyle, pianist and accompanist to the Marie Narelle Concert Company, is only 14 years age. Passed the Senior Royal Academy Examination at the early age of 12, when the examiner pronounced him the most talented piano student he had ever examined, and predicted a great future for him. Master Boyle played at numerous concerts in Sydney, and received flattering press notices. Up to the time of his going on tour with Miss Narelle he had studied solely with his mother.

"MR. GEOGRE BOYLE'S FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1905), 14

"MUSICAL JUBILEE", Freeman's Journal (21 January 1905), 25

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1907), 4

Mr. George F. Boyle, who made his mark here as a composer, and also gave promise as a pianist, before his departure in October, 1905, has since studied a good deal in Berlin under Signor Busoni, and in England under Mr. Graham-Moore. He began his professional career this year by touring Holland as solo pianist with the operatic soprano, Mme. Nevada. He is now in London, whence he forwards programmes and press cuttings to show that he is not idle.

"PERSONAL", Freeman's Journal (7 July 1910), 23

Mr. George Boyle, son of the well-known singing master, Mr. G. E. Boyle, of Sydney, has been appointed Professor of the Piano-forte at the Peabody Conservatorium at Baltimore (U.S.A.). Mr. Boyle left Australia several years ago. He was frequently heard in Sydney as a pianist. He had admirable technique, and his studies and performances were always characterised by an intense earnestness. His compositions include a book of songs published by the Novello Music House, of London.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1913), 4

"ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1913), 10

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1936), 14

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1936), 8

G. F. works include:

Piano concerto in D minor (New York: Schirmer, 1912): see also

NB: first Australian performance, Sydney 1913

Bibliography and resources:,_George_Frederick

Irene W. Peery, George F. Boyle: pianist, teacher, composer (Thesis, D.M.A., Peabody Institute of the Johns Hopkins University, 1987)


Drum major, 57th Regiment

Active Sydney, NSW, 1829


"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1829), 3

. . . John Boyle, Drum-Major in the 57th Regiment, stated that he was present when the articles now produced were found in the prisoner's box in the Barracks . . .

"FLOGGING", The Australian (30 December 1831), 3

. . . When the infliction is ordered to commence, each drum boy, in rotation, is obliged to strip, for the purpose of administering five and twenty lashes (slowly counted by the drum-major,) with freedom and vigour . . .


Band of the 57th Regiment

BRACY, Henry

Tenor vocalist, operatic manager, agent

Born South Wales, UK, ? 8 January 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1873
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 31 January 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)

Henry Bracy, ? c. mid 1870s

Images: Above from Wikipedia (2015), ? Australia, c. mid 1870s; also 

THOMPSON, Clara (Miss Clara Rose HODGES; Mrs. BRACY; Clara Thompson BRACY)

Soprano vocalist, dancer, actor

Born London, England, 1847/1 January 1848
Died Los Angeles, California, USA, 22 February 1941, aged 93


BRACY, Sydney

Vocalist, actor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 18 December 1877
Died Hollywood, California, USA, 5 August 1942



"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (20 November 1873), 2

The Age mentions that Mr. Henry Bracy, a well-known tenor singer and actor at the Gaiety and other principal London Theatres, arrived on Tuesday by the steamer Northumberland, under engagement to Mr. Harwood, of the Theatre Royal.

"Mr. Henry Bracy", Table Talk (8 May 1891), 3

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1917), 8

The passing of Mr. Henry Bracy at the age of 75 will turn the thoughts of old theatre-goers back to the days, or nights, in Sydney of French comic opera under William Saurin Lyster, before the dawn of the Gilbert and Sullivan period. After many successful seasons of Italian opera and English opera of the Wallace-Balfe class, Lyster decided to give the Australian public what he spoke of as "light French dishes." That was in 1875. The two English principals who were engaged were Clara Thompson, sister of the famous Lydia Thompson, and her husband, Mr. Henry Bracy, then a popular comic opera tenor. Lecocq's "La Filie de Madame Angot" was one of the first productions. The same composer's "Girofle Girofla" served to introduce Emelie Melville, a dainty American artist, who is still appearing in the United States, but not in singing parts. A little later Offenbach was represented by "The Grand Duchess," "Madame Favart," "La Belle Helene," and "Barbe Bleue." The opera bouffe repertory included "La Perichole," "The Princess of Trebizonde," "Chilperlc," and "The Brigands." Then came the first Australian production of "Les Cloches de Corneville." Shortly before the death of Lyster, in 1880, Mr. and Mrs. Bracy returned to England. While a member of the Gilbert and Sullivan Company at the Savoy, London, Mr. Bracy was selected as the first Prince Hilarion in "Princess Ida." Resuming their stage work in Australia Mr. and Mrs. Bracy were again in Sydney in 1889. They were prominent during a season under the conductorship of the late M. Henri Kowalski at the Opera House, which stood on the corner of King and York streets. In addition to the pianist-composer's own comic opera "Moustique," the company introduced "The Beggar Student." In 1890 the Bracy-Thompson company performed "The Sultan of Mocha," "The Beggar Student," and "The Lady of the Locket" at the Criterion Theatre. The following year Mr. Bracy appeared under the Williamson management, at the Theatre Royal, in "The Gondoliers." Miss Florence Young, Miss Elsie Cameron, Mr. Charles Ryley and Mr. William Elton were in the cast. During the Benson Planquette's "The Old Guard" was performed. In 1892, at Her Majesty's Theatre, Mr. Bracy produced for the Williamson management Audran's "La Cigale," with the late M. Leon Caron as conductor. The late Mr. J. C. Williamson, Miss Marie Halton, Miss Flora Graupner, Miss Florence Young, Miss Elsie Cameron, Mr. Charles Ryley, and Mr. Howard Vernon were associated in "La Cigale." Among other successful comic operas in which Mr. Bracy figured as a graceful actor and a singer with refinement of style, were "Dorothy," "The Yeoman of the Guard," and "Pepita." For a good number of years before his retirement in 1914, Mr. Bracy was retained by the Williamson management chiefly as a producer of comic opera. He assisted during the season of Italian opera at Her Majesty's in 1901, and directed the first Australian performance of Puccinl's "Madame Butterfly" (in English) at the Theatre Royal in 1910, with Signor Hazon as conductor. Miss Amy Castles and Mdlle Bel Sorel were seen on alternate nights in the name part. Mdlle Bel Sorel left Australia at the conclusion of her engagement. The Australian operatic artist is now in the United States. Mrs. Bracy, unfortunately, was not in Sydney when her husband died. She has been living in New York with her married son, Mr. Sydney Bracy, who, following in his father's footsteps, had a successful comic opera career in America, before yielding to the temptation of photo play acting. Mr. Phil Bracy, the other son, is a returned invalided soldier. Mr. Phil Bracy came from Melbourne to attend his father's funeral. Of the "old guard" of comic opera in Australia only Mrs. Bracy and Emelie Melville, now remain. Mr. Armes Beaumont died in Melbourne in 1913. Mr. Edward Farley answered "the last call" in Sydney a year ago.

"ANOTHER LINK GONE", Referee (7 February 1917), 14

Valentine Day, "HENRY BRACY MEMORIES", Referee (16 May 1917), 16

"REMINISCENCES OF THE STAGE", Referee (22 August 1917), 14

"MUSIC AND DRAMA. THEATRE ROYAL, HOBART", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1932), 6 

THEATRE ROYAL, HOBART . . . It was built by Mr. Degraves, founder of the Cascade Brewery of Hobart, and was opened in 1833 . . . as the Victoria Theatre with a drama "God Speed the Plough." Its next door neighbour was the Shakespeare Inn, kept by Megson, a celebrated violinist of his day. The foundations are enormously heavy, and there are a lot of tiny cell-like rooms, that reach out under the stalls, some of which have been bricked up of recent years. One of the early lessees, Mrs. Clark, ran a stock company there, largely formed of relatives, who lived there. One of her dancing prodigies was young Clara Thompson, afterwards Mrs. Henry Bracy . . .

This is an interesting surmise in its own right; but this was certainly not Clara THOMPSON, rather one or other of the Misses THOMSON

Bibliography and resources:

Tony Mills, "Bracy, Henry (1841-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979)

"Clara T. Bracy", Wikipedia

"Henry Bracy", Wikipedia

"Sydney Bracy", Wikipedia 

Deacon 2008, 207-11


The old guard (musical drama in 3 acts [H. B. Farine and R. Planquette]; interpreted by J. C. Williamson's Royal Comic Opera Company under the direction of Henry Bracy (Brisbane, 1891) 

Print music:

Because I love thee so (words by C. L.; music by J. A. Robertson; Sung by Mr .Henry Bracy) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen &​ Co., [1890]) 


Organist, pianist

Born Birmingham, England
Active Australia, 1888-90 (TROVE user tag)



Secretary (Cecilian Society), carpenter-builder

Born UK, c. 1803
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1824 (free per Aguilar)
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 February 1868, aged 65


"THE CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (16 February 1841), 3

"THE CICILIAN [sic] SOCIETY", The Sydney Herald (6 August 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (7 August 1841), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1868), 1


"Interior of St. James Church, Sydney, 1831 drawn by Wm. Bradridge, Sen. Archt"

Bibliography and resources:

Jen Willets, "William Bradridge", Hunter Valley Settlers, Free settler or felon?


Music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1862


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1862), 1

JOHN BRADY, Music Copyist, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, copyist to the Orpheonist Society. All music copied with neatness, cheapness, and dispatch.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1862), 1

BRADY, Mary Anne (Miss BRADY; Miss M. A. BRADY; Mrs. R. A. NEWMAN)

Soprano vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1840 or 1841
Active Sydney, NSW, 1859-62
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 5 December 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRADY, Matilda Jane (Miss M. BRADY; Mrs. R. M. SHELLEY)

Soprano vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1844
Died Mosman, NSW, 4 August 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL", Empire (6 July 1859), 5

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. FIRST DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1859), 4

. . . The following artists, engaged by the general committee of direction, were grouped in front of and beside the organ - Conductor, Mr. L. H. Lavenu, principal soprani, Mrs. Testar (of Melbourne), Madame Carandini, and Mrs. St. John Adcock; the lady amateurs, of the same class of vocalists, being Miss Brady (a native of this colony), Miss Nina Spagnoletti, Miss Adcock, and Miss Howson . . .

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL. SECOND DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1859), 5

. . . Mr. Waller, who did not sing - except in chorus until the third part, sustained with remarkable ability his part in the exquisite duetts expressing the simple piety and happy innocence of our first parents. In the first of these duetts, the soprano part was sung by Miss Brady in so enchanting a manner, as to stimulate in an unmistakeable manner, the desire of the audience for a repetition of the enjoyment she afforded - a desire which was not, however, to be gratified . . .

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7

Sir, - In reference to Miss Brady, the amateur, who appeared at the recent Musical Festival at our University, and in whose praise a whole chorus of eulogy has been sung, you will perhaps permit me to contradict a rumour, totally without foundation, that has gained ground, viz., that my daughter is and has been the protege of that excellent musician and worthy man, John Hubert Plunkett, Esq. A father's feelings, as well as a father's social vanity, may be pardoned in such an account in claiming his own. My child, since her birth, has never been from under my roof, nor from under my immediate supervision. Her musical education has been also strictly of an equally private nature, and whatever innate genius she may possess in histrionic art acquired, will ever be combined to assist in the appeals of charity, or the development of taste. W. BRADY. July 28.

"SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal (5 November 1859), 23

THE fifth sacred concert of this society took place on the 27th ultimo, and was largely attended. Portions of Handel's oratorio, "Judas Maccabaeus," were rendered in excellent style. Miss Brady sang in her usual fine voice . . .

"VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (3 August 1860), 4 

. . . . Miss M. Brady, whom we may likewise place amongst the amateurs, is making progress; she has a pleasing voice, which, when cultivated, will do good service. Miss Brady has likewise recovered her voice, which was for some time under a passing cloud; and this pleasing songstress will soon acquire the power of an accomplished vocalist.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (29 December 1860), 1 

On Monday evening last, being Christmas Eve, the Vocal Harmonic Society gave a special performance of Handel's grand oratorio, "The Messiah." The solo vocalists were the Misses Brady, Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Cordner, Mr. F. Ellard, and Mr. Waller, all of whom fully sustained the fair reputation they have acquired in their several styles of singing . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1863), 1


Vocalist, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1834


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 January 1834), 2 

G. F. LAURENT, formerly of the Lyceum Theatre, London, respectfully informs the gentry of Hobart Town and the public in general, that he intends giving a Grand Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on Monday, the 20th instant - and has the pleasure to announce that he has engaged Mr. Braham, son of the celebrated Braham, of Covent Garden and Drury-lane Theatres, previous to his departure to Sydney, for one night only.
Jan. 14, 1834.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (17 February 1834), 2 

From Hobart Town, same day [12 February], whence she sailed on the 3rd instant, the schooner Eagle, 107 tons, Pratt, master. Lading Sundries. Passengers, Mr. John Braham . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 3 

By Permission of His Excellency the Governor,
TO-MORROW EVENING, Tuesday, the 22d of April, 1834,
when will be performed a number or CHORUSES, GLEES, DUETS, SONGS, &c,
by Mesdames Taylor, Jones, Meredith, Downes, and Messrs. Knowles, Meredith, Braham, Buckingham, Grose, and Taylor, late of the Sydney Theatre, assisted by several amateurs.
Mr. Cavendish will preside at the Piano Forte.

"THEATRICAL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 2 

On Friday evening last, the principal performers of the Sydney Theatre gave their first Concert at the Pulteney Hotel . . . Mr. Braham followed with "My Wild Guitar," which was performed in a pleasing and simple manner. Mr. B. has a fine tenor voice, but appears to want the aid of a tutor . . . "Shades of Evening" followed; after which, "Auld Lang Syne," between Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Jones, Braham, and Buckingham, (Mr. Knowles at the piano-forte) which was appreciated by the audience and encored. "God save the King," by the whole of the Company, wound up the Evening's Amusements.

[News], The Australian (2 May 1834), 3 

Mr. Levey has added some vocalists to his present company. A Mr. Braham and a Miss Morton are among the number, both of whom will prove acquisitions.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (23 October 1834), 4 

BRAID, John (John BRAID)

Professor of dancing, dancing-master, dance hall proprietor

Born Sussex, England, c. 1827/28; son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy POPHAM (c. 1786-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1853
Died Brighton, Sussex, England, 8 August 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRAID, Charles (Charles BRAID)

Teacher of pianoforte and singing, dance hall proprietor

Born Sussex, England, c.1829/30; baptised Worthing, 8 March 1830, son of Robert BRAID (1777-1851) and Dorothy POPHAM (c. 1786-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 September 1852 (per John Taylor, from London, 12 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Active Brighton, Sussex, England, by November 1854
Died Tunbridge Wells, England, 30 May 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Assembly+Rooms+1853-55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARRIED", Hampshire Chronicle [England] (16 November 1850), 7

On the 8th inst, at St. Peter's le-Puer, Charles Braid, Esq. of Brighton, to Hester, youngest daughter of the late Geo. M. Burchell, Esq., Scotsland, Surrey.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (26 December 1850), 4

MR. CHARLES BRAID, Teacher of the Piano-forte and Singing in an eaay and improved style. - Pupils received at Mr B.'s residence, 90, Upper North Street, where a Quadrille Band can engaged for Balls or Evening Parties; as alao at Mr. F. Wright’s Music Mart, Royal Colonnade; Messrs. Cramer and Co., East Street; and Mr. Darling's, Western Road. Mr. C. B. engages to supply all tbe latent Dance Music. TERMS MODERATE.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 1

NOTICE- All persons having CLAIMS on MR. CHARLES BRAID, of 26, Russell Square, Brighton, Professor of Music, are reouested to send their respective accounts on or before Saturday next, June 5th, previous to his departure for the Continent. June 2, 1852.

"MUSIC", Brighton Gazette (3 June 1852), 3

THE ACACIA POLKA. By CHARLES BRAID. Published by J. Williams . . .
The race of Polkas is a seemingly endless one. Their name is legion. Ingenuity is requierd to discover even an unused title for a new one. The stars above have been ransacked till scarcely any remain unemployed, and the flowers below have been gathered, for the sake of their names for this class of compositions; and yest, in all this variety, we find a great sameness. A sparkling pretty melody, written with a certain rhythm and accent, is all that is required as a rule; and it is difficult for the memory to separate one of these from the dozens heard in the ball room and at promenade concerts. Brighton has been somewhat prolific in this class of productions; and we have now to mention "The Acacia Polka" as one deserving a place amongst the simple and pleasing of the race. It is the composition of Mr. C. Braid, a fellow townsman, who has produced a very popular work of the same school, which has just reached a second edition.

Passenger manifest, ship John Taylor, June 11th 1852; Public Records Office Victoria 

Braid Charles / 22 / Musician
Braid [Hester] / 22 . . .
Braid William / 32 / Clerk
Braid John / 24 / Clerk . . .

"BIRTH", The Argus (11 December 1852), 4 

At Collingwood, on the 7th inst, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, late of Brighton, Sussex, England, of a daughter.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1853), 3

MR. CHARLES BRAID begs to inform the inhabitants of Collingwood and its vicinity, that he continues to give lessons on the Pianoforte and Singing, at his residence, St. Burwell's Cottage, Smith-street, near the Shepherd's Arms. Schools and families attended. Pianos tunes. Terms . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 May 1853), 12 

MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Open every Evening from half-past Eight to half-past Eleven. Under Distinguished Patronage.
THE Proprietors of the above new and elegant rooms, beg most respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that they purpose giving a grand Opening Boll, at the above rooms, in celebration of Her Majesty's Birthday, on Tuesday evening, the 24th inst., to commence at half-past eight precisely.
In the erection and decoration of the above rooms, the proprietors have spared neither pains nor expense, and they confidently assert that for convenience and elegance they are unequalled in Melbourne or its vicinity.
The Ball Room will be under the management of a competent M. C., who will at all times use his best exertions not only to keep them highly select, but also to study the comfort and promote the amusement of those ladies and gentlemen who may favor the proprietors with their patronage.
The Refreshment Rooms will be supplied with every delicacy in the London and Paris styles, by Mr. Gregory, of Swanston-street, at moderate charges.
The Band engaged for the establishment comprises the first talent of Melbourne, and will be under the immediate direction of a well known public favorite.
Gentlemen are particularly requested to appear in appropriate costume.
Musical Director, Mr. C. Braid; Leader of the Band, Herr Prinz; Master of Ceremonies, Mr. J. Braid.
Full particulars of the opening night will be duly annourced.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, MELBOURNE, Russell-street, Corner of Little Collins-street.
THESE SPLENDID ROOMS will be opened every Monday and Friday, as a Select Quadrille Assembly, to commence at half-past Eight, and conclude at half-past Eleven, and on Wednesday nights.
A GRAND BALL Will be hold, which will commence at half-past Eight.
The following is the Programme for Monday Evening, May 30th, 1853.
Overture - Timour the Tartar - M. P. King.
Quadrille - Heidelberg - D'Albert.
Valse a deux temps - Fairest of the Fair - D'Albert.
Polka - Trumpet - Koenig.
Quadrille - German - Prinz.
Galope - Venetian - Strauss.
Schottische - Opera - Youens.
An interval of fifteen minutes.
Operatic Selections - Favorita - Donizetti.
Polka - Walhalla - Wade.
Quadrille - Echo - Murand.
Gallope - Grenadier Guards, by particular desire - Lardeill.
Valse - Nightingale - Lanuer.
Schottische - Parisien - Etting.
Quadrille - English - Julien.
National Anthem.
The Public and Subscribers to the above rooms are respectfully informed, that the Band engaged by the proprietors comprises the first talent in Melbourne, which renders the dancing assemblies a place of Terpsichorean enjoyment, combined with a select Concert . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell street, corner, of Little Collins-street.
GRAND Promenade Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT,
This Evening, Saturday, June 4th.
1. Overture, full Band - Pre aux Clercs - Auber.
2. Trio - Winds gently Whisper, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock, and Mr. C. Braid - Whittaker.
3. Solo, Obea [oboe] Fantasia - Barber of Seville, Herr Blume - Rossini.
4. Duet - I think a Sailor is faithful, Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Balfe.
5. Mazurka - Waterfall, Full Band - C. Braid.
6. Song - Revenge, Mr. Hancock - J. L. Hatton.
7. Ballad - O, Peaceful Lake, Mrs. Hancock - Jackson.
8. Operatic Selections, (full Band) - Lucia di Lammermoor - Donizetti.
9. National Song - England, Mr. C. Braid - S. Glover.
10. Solo, Cornet - Lucia di Lammermoor, Mr. Chapman - Donizetti.
11. Irish Song - Kathleen O' More, Mrs. Hancock - Original.
12. Emmeline Valse, (full Band) - D'Albert.
13. Duet - I've wandered in drearns - Mrs. and Mr. Hancock - Wade.
14 Song - A Life on the Ocean Wave, Mr. Hancock - Russell.
15. Finale - National Anthem.
Doors open at half-past Seven, Concert to commence at Eight.
Admission, 2s. 6d.

[2 advertisements], The Argus (18 June 1853), 12 

BRAID'S MELBOURNE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street. THE proprietors of the above new and greatly admired rooms, beg to return their sincere thanks to their patrons and friends, for the kind support since their opening night, and trust that they will still continue their patronage, it being the determination of the proprietors to maintain the strictest decorum. Their will be an Assembly every Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday evenings, to commence precisely at half-past eight, and close at half-past eleven. A Grand Ball the first Wednesday in the month, weather permitting, to commence at nine o'clock . . .

DANCING. MR. JOHN BRAID, Teacher of Dancing, respectfully informs his pupils and friends, that the class will meet on Saturday at two, and every subsequent Wednesday and Saturday. Any parties wishing to become efficient in the graceful art of dancing, are invited to enter their names immediately. Terms, £3 3s per quarter. Schools and Families on liberal terms. An adult class every Tuesday evening at eight o'clock. Braid's Melbourne Assembly Rooms. Russel-street.

"BRAIDS ASSEMBLY ROOMS", The Argus (7 July 1853), 3 

We owe an apology to the proprietors of these rooms; but we have been so overwhelmed lately by Circuses, Salles, Restaurants, Casinos, Larders, Cafes, Lectures, Bains Chauds, Music, &c. &c., that we are afraid the above establishment is not the only one that we have failed to notice. It consists of a room fifty feet in length, handsomely decorated, and well lighted . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 July 1853), 10

BRAID'S Melbourne Assembly Rooms, Russell-street, corner of Little Collins-street.
Synopsis for the week:-
Monday (this) evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Tuesdav evening. Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Wednesday morning, Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Thursday evening, Adult Dancing Class, at eight.
Friday evening, Select Quadrille Assembly, at half-past eight.
Saturday morning. Juvenile Dancing Class, at two.
Do. evening Mr. B. Jullien Coleman, (third reading,) will read Shakspeare's admired play, "The Merchant of Venice."
Singing Classes on the Hullah system now forming.
Private lessons in Dancing, Singing, and Piano-Forte.
CHARLES & JOHN BRAID, Proprietors,
Monday, July 18th, 1853.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 August 1853), 8 

THE "Argus Polka" every Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at Braid's Rooms, Russell-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1853), 8 

NEW Music, composed by Radford, expressly for Braids' Rooms. "The Argus Polka," "Braids Assembly Polka," "Herald of Hope Valses," "Express Galope," every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening.

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1853), 4 

On the 30th ult., at her residence, Great Collins-street, Hester, the beloved wife of Mr. Charles Braid, of Brighton, Sussex, England, in the 33rd year of her age.

"Deaths", Sussex Advertiser [Brighton, England] (21 February 1854), 7

Braid. - September 30, at Melbourne, Australia, of colonial fever, Hester, the wife of Mr. Charles Braid, and daughter of the late George Matthew Burchell, Esq., of Scotsland, Bramley, Surrey.

[Advertisement], The Banner [Melbourne, VIC] (22 September 1854), 3 

Dancing, MR. JOHN BRAID, Professor of Dancing, Russell-street. Schools and Families attended. Private Lessons given. Russell-street, corner of Collins-street.

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (2 November 1854), 4

MUSIC. - MR CHARLES BRAID, Teacher or the Piano Forte and Singing. - 26, RUSSELL SQUARE.

"THE NOTORIOUS BRAID'S ASSEMBLY ROOM", The Age (9 January 1855), 5 

Especially the inhabitants in the immediate neighbourhood of this haunt of vice and depravity, and all those who are interested in the moral health and social order of the city, will be glad to learn that the rooms, known as Braid's, in Russell Street, are in progress of demolition. Although the name of Mr. Braid is unfortunately associated with the building, that gentleman is in no manner connected with the libidinous proceedings which have recently so much shocked and disgusted the decent portion of the population . . .



Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1860

BRAIN, Anthony (Anthony BRAIN)

Parish clerk, stone-mason

Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 12 January 1848

BRAIN, Thomas (Thomas BRAIN; Mr. BRAIN junior, Mr. T. BRAIN)

Alto vocalist, choir leader

Born Tunbridge, England, c. 1819
Arrived VDL (TAS), c.1836
Married Sarah HALL, St. John's, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 5 March 1842
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843
Died Hobart, 10 November 1903, "in his 85th year, a colonist of 67 years"


"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

. . . It was gratifying to observe that amateurs came forward on the occasion. Mr. Brain, jun., was a competent leader of the vocalists; and Mr. Megson, as conductor of the instrumental part, deserves credit. It would be hardly fair to particularise the performances of the amateurs. They did their best; and will improve by practice, if a series of oratorios shall be sustained by the public during the winter season. We may, however, refer to Mr. Brain's "Behold a virgin," and Mr. Turner's "Why do the nations" - bot[h] executed with considerable taste and ability . . .

"CRIMINAL SITTINGS", Launceston Examiner (12 October 1844), 2

. . . Hewson merely protested his innocence, and called a Mr. Brain, clerk of Trinity Church, who stated that Hewson was bell-ringer to the Church . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH", Launceston Examiner (15 January 1848), 6 

Mr. A. Brain, stone-mason, died suddenly on Wednesday . . . Mr. Brain was an old resident, and lately officiated as clerk at Trinity church.

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1849), 767 

Sir, - Observing in the Chronicle of Wednesday, a notice of a seraphine for sale, I think it would be a good opportunity for the Wardens of Trinity Church to improve the choir, which is very indifferent for want of an instrument, and is capable of great amendment. The leader of the singing is an excellent judge of music, and extremely suited for his office, but the least that is said about the members of the choir, the better. Indeed, church music cannot be effectively performed without an organ or seraphine, in so large a building as Trinity, and I am sure Mr. Brain is to be pitied, very often, in his endeavours to harmonize the discordant portions of his corps de musique. The seraphine that Mr. Reibey introduced (at his own expence) was an agreeable aid to the celebration of Divine Service, and so was acknowledged by the congregation generally, but being private property, the Church had the mortification to lose it on that reverend gentleman's retirement, without another being provided in its place . . . I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, ALTO. August 2nd.

"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOLS", Launceston Examiner (15 September 1852), 7 

. . . The singing of the children, conducted by Mr. T. Brain, was very good, and their attention and orderly behaviour during the services were particularly remarked by the congregation . . .

"SINGING CLASS", Launceston Examiner (5 January 1860), 3 

There will be a meeting at half-past seven o'clock to-morrow evening in Trinity School Room, of persons desirous of joining a class for vocal music, of which Mr. T. Brain will be conductor. An announcement to this effect appears in our advertising columns signed by Mr. A. J Green, as Secretary pro. tem. This is an opportunity which will doubtless be embraced by many members of the late "Million Class;" and we hope that this less ambitious attempt at realising the important object in view may be more successful.

"OUR MONTHLY SUMMARY", Launceston Examiner (18 May 1867), 5 

The second of the series of Penny Readings was given in the Mechanics' Institute on Thursday night . . . That pretty glee "Flora decks the Flowery Mead" was rendered by. Messr. Brain, Chick, and Frost in a very pleasing manner, and they were loudly applauded . . . Mr. T. Brain sang "the Englishman." It is surprising that a gentleman understanding music so well as Mr. Brain does should have chosen such a song, as it is totally unadapted to his voice. The music does not come within its compass - at least, at the key at which it was pitched. The song should be sung by a deep, loud bass, in a spirited manner . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MUSICAL UNION", Launceston Examiner (23 January 1868), 5 

The annual meeting of the above Society took place on Tuesday evening is the large class-room of the Institute Mr. T. Sharp, President and Conductor, occupied the chair . . . He then called upon the Secretary, Mr. T. Brain, to read the report for the past year: - . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (12 November 1903), 1 

BRAIN.- On November 10, at 135 Goulburn-street, Hobart, Thomas Brain, late of Tunbridge, in his 85th year. A colonist of 67 years . . .

BRAITHWAITE, Frederick Nelson


Born Richmond, VDL (TAS), 15 January 1834
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Died Richmond, TAS, 18 June 1904, "aged 71"


"Shipping Intelligence", The Observer (12 August 1845), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1856), 1

IF this Should meet the eye of RICHARD J. BRAITHWAITE, who left Hobart Town, 1852, he would much oblige by writing to his brother Frederick Nelson Braithwaite just from England. Direct to Mrs. Mason, at Mr. Williams, 41 Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town.

"ASSAULT", The Mercury (22 September 1868), 2

. . . Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, musician, proved that as Simmons was going in to the house, defendant threw away some stale beer, and some of it went over him . . .

"POLICE COURT", The Tasmanian Times (22 September 1868), 2 

. . . Fredrick Nelson Braithwaite, a musician living in Warwick-street, deposed . . .

"DEATHS", The North Western Advocate [Tasmania] (23 June 1904), 2 

BRAITHWAITE. - On June 18, at Hobart, Frederick Nelson Braithwaite, born at Glyn Ayre, Richmond, Tasmania, aged 71 years.

BRANMALL, Charles Joseph (Charles Joseph BRAMMALL; C. J. BRAMMALL)

Amateur vocalist (member Hobart Town Glee Club)

Active Hobart Town, TAS, by 1860
Died TAS, 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 January 1861), 3 

NOW READY. SUNG amidst enthusiastic applause by C. J. BRAMMALL, ESQ., at the GLEE CLUB CONCERT.
Composed and Dictated [dedicated] to the Officers and Volunteers of Tasmania,
Price 2s. 6d.; freely post to any part of the Colony, 3s.
J. WALCH & SONS, Hobart Town and Launceston.

"DEATH OF THE REV. C. J. BRAMMALL", Examiner (25 April 1906), 6 


Amateur comic vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1847-48


Branagan having previously performed it in January as the "Original Comic Song The Sydney cries", at the St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society Musical Festival in Sydney in April 1848, as Cries of Sydney it "elicited roars of laughter".


"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1847), 2

. . . The meeting was also enlivened by some excellent songs, but those by Mr. Brannigan kept the whole audience in roars of laughter. The excellent band of the society, as usual, played several animating and patriotic tunes, among which the Railway Gallop excited universal approbation . . .

"GRAND MUSIC FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (6 January 1848), 3

A MUSICAL FESTIVAL will take place on MONDAY EVENING, January 1Oth,. in St. Patrick's Hall. The splendid New Band of St. Patrick's Society will make their second appearance. PROGRAMME. PART I. Comic Song -"Polly Flowers" - Mr. Branagan; Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis; Song - "Tell me my heart," Mrs. Lewis; Original Comic Song - "The Sydney Cries" - Mr. Branagan; PART II. Comic Song - He'd such a tremendous big nose," Mr. Branagan; Comic Duet, Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis; Song - "The wild rose of Erin." Mrs. Lewis; Comic Song - "Black Turf," Mr. Branagan. Two Irish pipers are expected to attend. - Several Amateurs have kindly offered their services . . .

"TEETOTAL FESTIVAL", Sydney Chronicle (11 January 1848), 2

. . . The evening passed cheerily away with songs and music performed by St. Patrick's band. Of the songs, "The tremendous big nose" and "The Cries of Sydney," by Mr. Branagan, drew forth great applause, and were decidedly the favorites.

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (18 March 1848), 3 

. . . The evening was enlivened by the singing of Mr. Branagan and Mrs. Lewis, and several very excellent songs were sung by some amateurs . . .

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (25 April 1848), 2

. . . on the platform was a large number of ladies and gentlemen, among whom we observed the Attorney-General and Mrs. Plunkett, the Rev. Mr. M'Cormick, &c., &c. The band, though consisting entirely of very young practitioners, performed in a very efficient manner, and was much applauded. A solo on the trombone was very well played by Mr. H. Mason. The singing, upon the whole, was much better than we have before heard at some of these festivities; the company was much enlivened by the comicalities of Mr. Branagan, whose "Cries of Sydney," elicited roars of laughter. "Molly Bawn" was sung in a very pleasing manner, as were also several other of the songs . . .


Teacher of Music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865


[Advertisement], The Argus (14 January 1865), 6

MISS BRANDENBURGER RESUMES her musical DUTIES January 17. Ladies' School, King William street, Fitzroy.

The Victoria Post Office Directory (1866), 18

BRANDON, James Lucas

Clarinet-player, clarionet player, farmer

Active Mudgee, NSW, 1853-54
Died Mudgee, NSW, October 1876


"HIGHWAY ROBBERY", Bathurst Free Press (25 January 1851), 6

"WILFUL MURDER", Bathurst Free Press (4 March 1854), 2

Maurice Dalton was indicted for the wilful murder of William Oxley on the 29th April last, at Mudgee. He pleaded not guilty and was defended by Mr. Holroyd. Attorney - Mr. Serjeant. James Lucas Brandon deposed that about 1 o'clock of the morning of the 29th April, he was proceeding homeward, playing a clarinet, when the prisoner walked up to him and after asking him what he wanted playing that b----y thing, knocked him down.

"BATHURST CIRCUIT COURT", Empire (4 March 1856), 3

. . . James Lucas Brandon: I live at Mudgee; I lived there in April last; I saw the prisoner on 28th April; he insulted me, and knocked me down; I was going home, playing the clarionet, when the prisoner came across and asked me what business I had playing that bloody thing, and knocked me down; I went to constable Oxley, and told him, and he told me to go home; when I got home I heard stones thrown against my hut ; I was frightened to stop, and I went out for constable Oxley, and then I saw the prisoner . . ..

"INQUESTS", Freeman's Journal (4 November 1876), 9


Bandmaster, conductor, violinist, composer (The Austrian Strauss Band)

Touring Australia, October 1880 to August 1881


"THE DOG SHOW", The Mercury (17 January 1881). 3

The performers numbered nearly 50, though all did not play at the same time, and Herr Braun was a thoroughly efficient conductor, as stolid as usual . . .

"THE AUSTRIAN BAND AT WALLAROO", The Wallaroo Times (8 June 1881), 2

"EPITOME OF GENERAL NEWS", Launceston Examiner (1 September 1882), 3

Herr Braun, formerly bandmaster of the Austrian Band, has decided to settle in Christchurch, N.Z., and has been elected bandmaster of the City Guards.

"THE JUVENILE OPERA TROUPE", Taranaki Herald (22 November 1883), 2


Austrian Strauss Band


Professor of Music

Active Maitland, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 June 1853), 3

MR. S. BREMER, Professor of Music AND DANCING, ORGANIST, &c, Rose Inn, West Maitland. Piano Fortes Tuned and Repaired.


Vocalist, minstrel, delineator (Howard's Serenaders)

Active NSW, by 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1853), 3

HOWARD'S SERENADERS . . . Ole Tar Ribber - J. Brenni . . . Gal wid de Blue Dress on - J. Brenni . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 March 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1854), 1

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1854), 5 

A grand musical entertainment was given on the evening of yesterday, at the School of Arts, by Mr. Paxton, on the Songs of Scotland. The programme contained many popular Scottish songs, which were sung with much effect. The vocal efforts of Mr. Brenni, in his Ethiopean melodies and inimitable performance on the banjo, were crowned with immense success. He was repeatedly encored during the evening. The performance of Mrs. Shaw on the pianoforte, is also deserving of praise. The expectations of the very numerous and highly respectable assembly were undoubtedly fully realized, if not surpassed.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (11 April 1855), 4 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. SPECIAL NIGHT. THURSDAY, APRIL 12th. TROY KNIGHT . . .. MR. DE BRENNI, For the last two years the leading Low Comedian in Sydney, will make his first appearance in Adelaide . . .

"HALL THE WIZARD, AND THE SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (24 November 1855), 2

. . . The second part of the performances consisted of songs and duetts by Messrs. Brenni and Felix Garmone, the Ethiopian serenaders. Miss Lucy Long and the Railway Galop were loudly applauded . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (5 February 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1]

BREWER, Francis Campbell (F. C. Brewer)

Music and drama reviewer, journalist

Born Stourbridge, England, 21 October 1826
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1911 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BREWER, Frank (Francis Patrick BREWER)

Tenor vocalist, choral conductor, music teacher

Born Sydney, NSW, 1855 (son of the above)
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1943

BREWER, Elizabeth Mary (HARRISON; Mrs. Frank BREWER)

Music teacher

Married 1880
Died Summer Hill, 7 April 1935, aged 79

BREWER, Henry (Harry BREWER)

Amateur vocalist, choral conductor

Born Sydney, NSW, 1860

BREWER, George

Amateur vocalist (Sydney Liedertafel)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1865


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1880), 8

"The Opening of St. Mary's Cathedral", The Maitland Mercury (12 September 1882), 3

. . . The Mass sung was Haydn's No. 3, known as the "Imperial" Mass . . . In the "Gloria" Mr. Frank Brewer sang the tenor solo with great purity of intonation . . .

"District Court", Evening News (23 August 1889), 8

Brewer and Wife v. Marshall. - It was an action in which Francis Patrick Brewer (of Summer Hill) and his wife Mary sued William Marshall, of George-street, Sydney, for £23 10s 6d, for the instruction of the defendant's wife in singing and instrumental music. A verdict was given for the full amount, with the expenses of one witness.

"EDWARD SMITH HALL. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1891), 7

[letter, F.C.B.] . . . In 1835, I think it was on December 12, I commenced my career on the press under Mr. [Edward Smith] Hall, who was then and had been for some years the proprietor and editor of the Sydney Monitor . . .

"PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1892), 6

At St. Charles's Church, Waverley, on Wednesday, 22nd April, Mr. George Brewer, a well-known member of the Sydney Liedertafel and son of Mr. Frank C. Brewer, the veteran Sydney pressman, was married to Miss Maggie Tracy, second daughter of Mr. Charles Austin Tracy, formerly organist of Sr. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne. The bride herself having for several years filled the position of organist of St. Charles', Waverley, and the bridegroom being a member of the choir, it was not surprising that music entered largely into the church ceremonial. With Mr. Harry Brewer (brother of the bridegroom) conducting, the choir sang Haydn's brilliant Imperial Mass; Mr. Percy Shannon singing the offertory solo . . .

"A PIONEER JOURNALIST. DEATH OF MR. F. C. BREWER. A MEMORY OF EARLY SYDNEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1911), 8


F. C. Brewer, The drama and music in New South Wales (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892) ("Published by authority of the New South Wales Commissioners for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893") 

Bibliography and resources:

"Francis Campbell Brewer", Australian Prints + Printmaking

BRICKWOOD, Winifred Amelia (Mrs. John CALLAGHAN)


Born ? Devon, England, c. 1838/9; daughter of Arthur Peter BRICKWOOD (1812-1883) and Winifed Amelia DAVIES (d. 1887)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 March 1847 (with mother, per Euphrates, from London and Portsmouth, 25 October 1846) Married John CALLAGHAN (1837-1915), York Street Wesleyan Church, Sydney, 2 January 1865
Died Mosman, NSW, 5 August 1922, aged 83 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A professional seaman, Arthur Brickwood abandoned his family and contracted a bigamous marriage in Honolulu in October 1846. The same month, his deserted first wife, Winifred, and two children Richard (1837-1912) and Winifed, sailed for Australia.

Miss W. A Brickwood's The Randwick mazurka (Sydney: W. J. Johnson) was published in August 1863.

A second print, "the AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown," was published at W. H. Paling's, Wynyard-square, in December 1864. Unfortunately, no copy has been identified, but given its title and timing the print may well have been a setting of some of the recently published "Australian melodies" by poet J. Sheridan Moore (husband of the singer Flora Harris).

Moore's collection had been reviewed in The Sydney Morning Herald in August that year. W. J. Macdougall had previously set two of the poems, The wail from England in 1862 (lost), and The beauty that blooms in Australia ("No. 1 of Australian national Melodies") (Sydney: Wilkie & Elvy, 1863).

On 2 January 1865, Winifred Amelia Brickwood married John Callaghan. The couple were living at Holyrood House, Kingston, Newtown in 1873, and in Botany-street, Moore Park in 1887. She died at her residence, Warrawee, Mosman, in 1922.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 March 1847), 2 

March 2. - Euphrates, ship, 720 tons, Captain Monro, from London, having left Portsmouth on the 25th October. Passengers - Mr. J. Jacobs and wife and child, Mr. A. Lyons, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, sen., Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, jun., and two children, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Brickwood and two children, three Misses Davis, Mr. Davis, Miss Lloyd, Miss Straffon.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1863), 6

THE RANDWICK MAZURKA, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown; 2s. 6d. JOHNSON and CO., and all music sellers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1864), 1

JUST PUBLISHED, the AUSTRALIAN MELODIES, by Miss Brickwood, Newtown. Copies can be had only at W. H. PALING'S, Wynyard-square.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1865), 1

On the 2nd instant, at the Wesleyan Church, York-street, Sydney, by the Rev. Benjamin Chapman, John, youngest son of Samuel Callaghan, Surry Hills, to Winifred Amelia, only daughter of Arthur Brickwood, R.N., and grand-daughter of the late P. Davies, R.N., and P. Brickwood, R.N., of Launceston and Newport, England.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1922), 8

CALLAGHAN. - August 5, Winifred Amelia, relict of the late John Callaghan, aged 63 years, at her residence, Warrawee, Killarney street, Mosman.


Bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

THE SPACIOUS HALL, SYDNEY COLLEGE, Having been kindly granted for this occasion to MR. NATHAN, A GRAND SELECTION OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WILL BE PERFORMED On FRIDAY Evening, 27tn May, 1842 . . . BASSOS. Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Callaghan, and Mr. Waller . . .

BRIDSON, Sarah Ann (Miss BELL; Mrs. BRIDSON; later Mrs. John KINLOCH)

Vocalist, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing (pupil of Logier)

Born c.1829
Died Swan City, WA, 20 July 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRIDSON, Thomas Vicary (T. V. Bridson; Thomas Vicarez; Thomas Michael BRIDSON)

Conductor, organist, organ builder

Born Dublin, Ireland, c.1826
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1854
Died Rockhampton, QLD, 14 August 1869, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In 1870 Sarah married a family friend, John Kinloch, M.A, mathematician, son of the late Sydney organ-builder John Kinloch.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1854), 2

"THE HERWYN'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 September 1854), 2

"SYDNEY'S PROGRESS IN MUSICAL SCIENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1856), 4

"NEW ORGAN", Freeman's Journal (30 August 1856), 2

We have been to hear the splendid organ just erected in the English Opera House by Mr. T. V. Bridson. It is undoubtedly one of the finest instruments of the kind in these colonies. The tone is of the roundest and richest quality; and under the delicate touch of Mr. Packer, its effect is truly thrilling.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1859), 2

MRS. BRIDSON, Professor of the PIANOFORTE and SINGING, 90, Palmer-street. Lessons in Sight Singing, and Theory on the system either of A. Logier [sic] or of Dr. Smith, under both of whom Mrs. Bridson studied.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1868), 7 

PIANOFORTE AND SINGING. - Mr. and Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupils of Logier, teach on his system, which by the use of the CHIROPLAST, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily. Terms at ELVY and CO.'S, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1869), 4 

PIANOFORTE and SINGING.- Mrs. BRIDSON, Pupil of Logier, teaches on his system, which by the use of the chiroplast, and the books adapted to it, enables beginners to learn the piano rapidly and easily. Terms - at her residence, 7, George-street North; or at ELVY and CO.'S., George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1869), 9

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1870), 1

On the 29th instant, at University Hall, Hyde Park, by the Rev. R. Lewers, of St. Andrew's, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald, JOHN KINLOCH, Esq, M.A., to SARAH ANN, relict of the late T. N. BRIDSON, Esq., and only daughter of Henry Bell, Esq., Sally Park, near Dublin.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1878), 12 

HURLSTONE SCHOOL AND COLLEGE, ASHFIELD. Principal, JOHN KINLOCH, M.A. . . . Music (vocal and instrumental), Mrs. KINLOCH (pupil of Logier (fils), and Dr. Smith, Trin. Col., Dublin.) . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1883), 2 

PIANOFORTE. Mrs. KINLOCH (formerly Mrs. Bridson), pupil of Mons. Adolphe Logier, on whose principle she teaches, and from whom she holds a high certificate, intends forming classes for children at her residence, close to REDMYRE Station, and at Mr. Ezold's, 403, George-street. Mrs. Kinloch is at home 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Tuesdavs and Fridays.

"DEATHS", The West Australian (21 July 1915), 1 

KINLOCH. - On July 20, 1915, at her son's residence, Greenmount, Western Australia, Sara Anna Kinloch, relict of the late John Kinloch, M.A., Sydney University, and mother of H. St. John Bridson, of Lands and Survey Department Perth.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 81-83

BRINKMANN, Elias Frederick Louis


Active Sydney, NSW, 1871


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1868), 1

"MARRIAGES", Empire (5 June 1871), 1


Amateur vocalist, pianist



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1821
Departed Sydney, NSW, November 1825


Letter from Elizabeth Macarthur, Parramatta, 4 September 1822 (ed. Sibella Macarthur Onslow (ed.), Some early records of the Macarthurs of Camden (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1914), 373-374

We continue to like our present Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane. Lady Brisbane and her sister Miss Macdougall are gentle and amiable - perfectly unaffected in their manners and habits, yet possessing all the acquirements of wellborn and well educated persons. . . . The ladies are fond of and live in great retirement. They mix little in society and give none of those large entertainments, which Mrs. Macquarie used to do. They have a Dinner Party once a week. Their table is handsomely set out, and served in a manner superior to anything we have yet seen in the Colony. Lady Brisbane has a good Piano, on which she occasionally plays, and accompanies the instrument with her voice. Miss Macdougall plays the Harp, and Mr. Rumker the Piano in turn. 

Bibliography and resources:

J. D. Heydon, "Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall (1773-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


Elizabeth Macarthur

Christian Rumker


Musician, dance band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 1 

DANCING, - A Quadrille Party will take place every Monday and Wednesday evening at the large saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, King-street West. Admission, 1s, A band of musicians will be in attendance. Leader of the orchestra, Monsieur BRISCOE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3 

DANCING every night this week, at the Large Saloon, next door to the Saracen's Head Hotel, Kíng-street West. Admission 1s. A band of 20 performers will be in attendance. Leader, Monsieur Briscoey. Conductor, Signor Gelvini.

BRISTOW, William

Bugler, 51st Regiment

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846 (for Bangalore)


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST IN INDIA", The Courier (10 November 1847), 2

We have seen a letter dated Bangalore, 28th May, addressed by William Bristow, a bugler in the regiment, to his father, resident in Hobart Town. It appears from this letter that the left wing, stationed at Ponnamalee, has suffered severely from cholera . . .


Band of the 51st Regiment


Professor of music, teacher of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Fitzroy, VIC, November 1866, "70 years of age"


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1855), 1

BROADHEAD, THOMAS, Mr., Teacher of Music, - send your address to G., Box 931, Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (17 November 1866), 4 

Dr. Youl held on inquest yesterday, on the body of Thomas Broadhead, seventy years of age, who died early in the morning of the same day. Henry Broadhead, son of the deceased, stated that on Thursday night his father went to bed complaining of a difficulty of breathing, and he became much worse about three o'clock in the morning . . .

"Funeral notices", The Argus (17 November 1866), 8

THE Friends of the late THOMAS BROADHEAD, professor of music, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from his late residence, Greeves-street, Fitzroy, THIS DAY, November 17, at 3 o'clock p.m.


Musician, music teacher

Born Clonmel, Ireland, 31 October 1839
Arrived WA, 1865
Died Bournemouth, England, 2 August 1899



The ADB commits a paragraph to her in her husband's entry. Described as "very talented", in "Perth she became active in musical circles and herself taught music at the Bishop's College (Hale School). In 1876 she opened a school of her own . . . Family photographs show a handsome, determined pair well capable of the imaginative enterprise and drive that marked their activities in Western Australia".

The State Library of Western Australia holds her copy of a volume of Mendelssohn's Songs without words (; also family papers (

Bibliography and resources:

H. Drake-Brockman, "Broadhurst, Charles Edward (1826-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

"Eliza Broadhurst", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Jonathan Gifford, "Xantho and the Broadhurst family", ABC Radio Perth, (11 February 2010)

"The Broadhurst family", Western Australian Museum

BROADHURST, Susan (Mrs. John Rose HOLDEN)


Born Bath, England, 1807
Departed Sydney, NSW, c.1855-56 (for UK)
Died Boscombe, England, 19 September 1887


She was a daughter of Unitarian minister and musical enthusiast, Thomas Broadhurst, of Bath (with Henry Harrington, a co-founder of the Bath Philharmonic Society), and sister of Edward Broadhurst (in Sydney from 1838).

In Sydney in May 1853 she married the politician, horse-racing enthusiast, and secretary of Homebush Races, John Holden. Stephen Marsh dedicated his Homebush galop (published in 1856; no copy identified) to Mrs. John Rose Holden.

John Holden already had musical connections, Isaac Nathan and John and Frank Howson having sung at a farewell dinner for him in Sydney in 1849.

As noted by Bell's Life, Mrs. Holden was the "late Miss Broadhurst, the celebrated pianist" for whom Marsh had composed it. Marsh had probably known Broadhurst in England. There is no record of her performing professionally in Sydney, and the Holden's announced by June 1855 intention to return to England soon.

It was her husband who was the subject of "Rose Holden's song", published as one of a set of six "Songs of the Nominees" in the Empire in October 1855.

On the Broadhursts, and their relative Bessie Holland, see also John Chapple, Elizabeth Gaskell: the early years (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997).


"MRS. A. SHAW'S CONCERT", The Musical World (27 May 1836), 175

"BATH.-THE MISS BROADHURSTS' CONCERTS", The Musical World (10 February 1837), 125

"MRS. SHAW AND THE MISS BROADHURSTS", The Musical World (21 April 1837), 105

"Public Farewell Dinner to John Rose Holden, Esq.", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 February 1849), 2

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 May 1853), 3

"SONGS OF THE NOMINEES. No.6. ROSE HOLDEN'S SONG", Empire (1 October 1855), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1856), 4

"MUSICAL CRITIQUE", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 June 1856), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Jerom Murch, Biographical sketches of Bath celebrities, ancient and modern: with some fragments of local history (London: Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1893), 149-51

Vivienne Parsons, "Holden, John Rose (1810-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

J. M. Bennett, "Broadhurst, Edward (1810-1883)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

BROADHURST, William Gore

Professor of music, pianist, organist, composer

Born London, England, 4 November 1838
Active Sydney, NSW, by August 1867
Died Melbourne, 31 January 1914, aged 74


"ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August1867), 8

"NAVAL RECEPTION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 13

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1871), 6

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (27 May 1893), 9

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 February 1914), 1

"PERSONAL", The Argus (2 February 1914), 9

[News], Record [Emerald Hill, VIC] (7 February 1914), 2

Mr. W. G. Broadhurst, of 68 St. Vincent Place, South Melbourne, died at St. Vincent's Hospital at an early hour on Saturday morning. For the past 26 years the late Mr. Broadhurst held the position of organist at SS. Peter and Paul's .Church, South Melbourne, and composed a special Mass for the opening of the additions to the church by Archbishop Carr in April of last year. Prior to coming to Australia he was a choir boy at Westminster Abbey. Mr. Broadhurst, who was 74 years of age, leaves a widow, and grown up family of two sons and five daughters . . .

Musical works:

Maribyrnong Park Estate waltz (South Melbourne: Broadhurst, [n.d.])

Rouse ye Britons (patriotic song; words and music by Edwd. Septimus Powell; arr. by W. G. Broadhurst; Composed in honor of Her Most Gracious Majesty's Diamond Jubilee, 1897) (Albert Park, Melbourne : E.S. Powell, [1897])


Dancer, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Brock was billed in Sydney in February and March 1842 as a theatrical dancer at Luigi Dalle Case's Olympic Theatre, appearing both as a soloist (in dances including the "cachouca" and "Milanese hornpipe", and in duets with Joseph Chambers and Mons. Charriere. She had disappeared from record by April. A Mr. Brock was in charge of "the dresses" at for George Buckingham's Amateur Theatre in Melbourne in May and June 1842.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 February, 1842), 3

AUSTRALIAN OLYMPIC THEATRE, HUNTER-STREET. SIGNOR DALLE CASE . . . has formed engagements, for the ensuing season, with MR. & MRS. KNOWLES; MR. & MRS O'FLAHERTY; MRS. XIMENES; MRS. LARRA; AND WITH MONS. CHARRIERE and MRS. BROCK, FOR THE Ballet Department and Principal Dancers . . . AN EFFICIENT ORCHESTRA is now forming, which will be led by Mr. Deane, Jun. . . .

"THE OLYMPIC", The Sydney Herald (5 March 1842), 2 

. . . we have, at the top of the list, the manager, Mr. Knowles, out of all sight, in any department of the drama, the first actor in Sydney. We have then Spencer, and Falchon, and O'Flaherty, and Lane, all of respectable talents; and on the other side we have Mrs. O'Flaherty, Mrs. Knowles, Mrs. Ximenes, Mrs. Larra, and Mrs. Brock, a constellation of female performers such as we seldom meet with, and need never expect to find surpassed in this colony. How could we have omitted Mr. Chambers of Highland fling notoriety, one of the most graceful dancers we have ever seen? . . .

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1842), 2

THIS EVENING, 18TH MARCH, 1842, The performance will commence with the highly Popular Farce, called THE DEAD ALIVE, OR, MAKE YOUR WILLS. After which, Horsemanship in the Circle. To be followed by the Cachouca, by Mrs. Brock and Mr. J. Chambers . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (22 June 1842), 2 


Musician, violinist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865  


[Advertisement], The Star (6 September 1864), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 68


Musician, fiddler, violinist, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (26 March 1838), 2 

A convict who had absconded from the service of Mr. Hill, in the county of Murray, and had been absent about six months, was apprehended on Friday whilst fiddling with great glee in a public house in Clarence street. His real name is James Broddick, but he had used another, by which he had procured an engagement for the orchestra of the new Theatre. He was sentenced to receive fifty lashes for being out of his district, and remanded to the interior to be dealt with for the second offence, namely, absconding.

BRODERICK, James Patrick (junior)

Organist, harmonium player, choirmaster, organ builder

Born Maitland, NSW, 1837
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 October 1907, aged 60



Born Maitland, NSW, 1855
Died Maitland, NSW, 1873


"NARROW ESCAPE FROM FIRE", The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1864), 2

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (21 March 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 August 1866), 5

PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, and other MUSICAL INSTRUMENT TUNED and BEPAIRED in a superior manner. Address, Opposite the Exchange Hotel, West Maitland. JAMES P. BRODERICK. August 9th, 1866. TESTIMONIALS. I have much pleasure in recommending to my pupils, and the public in general, Mr. James Broderick for tuning and repairing pianos and harmoniums, as his skill and care are certainly equal, if not superior, to anyone known to me in the colony. DR. CHS. H. HORN. Maitland, August, 1866. High-street, West Maitland, July 24th, 1866. This is to certify that I have had many opportunities of testing the ability of Mr. James Broderick as a tuner, and have no hesitation in pronouncing him perfectly qualified for that business in all its branches, and, from his late experience in regulating and repairing piano-fortes, have no doubt he will give entire satisfaction to all who may think proper to honour him with their patronage. MARMADUKE H. WILSON.

"ST. BRIDGET'S CHURCH, BRANXTON", The Maitland Mercury (29 November 1866), 2

"DIOCESE OF MAITLAND", Freeman's Journal (1 March 1873), 9

The grand concert in aid of St. Johns Cathedral, advertised for Monday, the 10th instant, was postponed until the 17th instant, owing to the untimely and much-regretted death of Miss Annie Broderick, formerly a member of St. John's choir, and sister to its able organist and conductor, Mr. J. P. Broderick. Miss Broderick enjoyed a high reputation in musical circles - she was gifted with a rich, sweet voice, and was, while she remained in the choir, its "brightest star." Possessed of rare musical abilities, and endowed with all the refinement of female intellect, and all the energy of enthusiasm, Miss Broderick was certain to attain distinction in her favourite, her especial study - music. Who, that has heard her in the soul-entrancing com positions of Mozart, Mendelssohn, Haydn, &c, can forget the pathos and soul in which she would enshrine, as it were, the words which were the inspiration of these gifted masters. Neither can we forget her delightful rendering of those grand old melodies, which the genius of Moore has clad in words as bewitching as the luscious music of the airs themselves. "I saw from the Beach" was her last song before a Maitland audience. The voice, which then so thrilled her hearers, is now hushed, and the fingers, which glided so nimbly over the keyboard, are still, for evermore. The first part of the concluding words of her favourite song, "She's far from the Land," can now but be too appropriately applied to herself : - "They've made her a grave where the sun beams rest, When they promise a glorious morrow! . . ."

"Death of Mr. J. P. Broderick", The Maitland Daily Mercury (31 October 1907), 2

. . . For many years the late Mr. Broderick was organist and choirmaster of St. John's Cathedral, and after resigning from that position he gave his attention to the tuning of organs and pianos, while he conducted an agency for the sale of musical instruments at his late residence in Elgin-street . . . He was a native of Maitland district, and was about 65 years [sic] of age.

Musical edition:

The evening service book, or, manual of sacred music, for the use of choirs, containing the order of vespers, in Latin, for all Sundays and festivals of the year, selected and arranged by James P. Broderick (Maitland: E. Tipper, Pr., 1869; ? 1880) 

Bibliography and resources:

Geoffrey Cox (historical and technical documentation), "St John's Anglican Church Carthage Street, Tamworth [organs]" (OHTA 2014)  

BROMLEY, William James

Clarinettist, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Born c. 1822
Died Hobart, 30 July 1855, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . . Principal Clarinets - Messrs. W. Martin, A. Cleary. Clarinets - Messrs. Lillingston, Bromley, Hepperon, and Simpson . . .

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2

. . . The final concert of a series was given at the Military Barracks by Messrs T. Martin, A. Hill, W. Bromley, and W. Poole, of the band of the 99ih Regiment, on Thursday evening, before a numerous company.

"DIED", The Hobarton Mercury (1 August 1855), 2 

On the 30th July 1855, aged 33 years, at the Regimental Hospital, Private WILLIAM JAMES BROMLEY, late of the band, 99th regiment. He was a musician of an high order, and is much lamented by his comrades. The funeral will take place at 2 o'clock this day.

"SOLDIER'S FUNERAL", Colonial Times (2 August 1855), 3

The remains of William James Bromley, the bandsman, were yesterday interred at St. David's burying ground. The band of the regiment, of which deceased had been an esteemed member, attended, and as the funeral procession moved on, played the Dead March in Saul . . .

Note: Memorial plaque at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart:

The stone was erected by his Brother Musicians as a tribute of respect. Also Wm. JA. BROMLEY Musician in the same Corps who departed this life 30th July 1855 Aged 33 years. Affection weeps Heaven rejoices.


Musician, member of the German Band

Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BROOKS, T. H. (Mr.)


Born ? before 1790s or earlier
Active Hobart, TAS, by January 1860
Active Sydney, NSW, until March 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In Hobart in January 1860, Rosina Carandini and Brooks performed Stephen Glover's The blind girl to her harp. The military march referred to below (12 March 1862) is probably Bochsa's Favourite march in imitation of a military band at a distance.


"Review of Music . . . HARP", The harmonicon [London] (June 1826), 139 

. . . 5. Polacca and Polonaise for ditto [the harp], with FLUTE Accompaniment and an Introduction, by T. Brooks. (Brooks, 17, Hunter Street.) . . . No. 5 is more remarkable for its title than for any thing else. We would fain know the difference between a polacca and a polonaise; having always supposed that both signify a Polish dance, only that the one word is mongrel Italian, the other legitimate French. We, however, cannot for the life of us find out more than one air in this piece: the variation of the subject at page 6 may be meant as the second, but if so, it proves, without any further evidence, that polacca and polonaise mean one and the same thing. Mr. Brooks calls this a favourite air: it may be so; but it is so common, so like a thousand other things of the same class, that we cannot find any distinctive marks about it.

"BANKRUPTS", The new monthly [London] (1 January 1831), 47 

November 30 . . . T. BROOKS, jun. Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, music seller . . .

[Notice], The London gazette (18 January 1831), 114 

WHEREAS the acting Coumissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued forth against Thomas Brooks the younger, of Hunter-Street, Brunswick-Square, in the County of Middlesex, Music and Musical-Instrument-Seller, have certified to the Right Honourable the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, that the said Thomas Brooks the younger hath in all things contorned himself according to the directions of an Act of Parliament made concerning Bankrupts . . .

? "RYDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Hampshire Advertiser [England] (5 April 1856), 8

Messrs. Austin and Holloway's benefit concert took place at the Town Hall on Monday evening last, before a crowded audience, numbering upwards of three hundred persons . . . A harp solo, "Fantasia on Popular Airs," by Mr. Brooks, the harpist, was rapturously applauded and encored; as was also his second solo in the 2nd part, - in fact, that gentleman's exquisite performance was the greatest attraction, and seemed to rivet the wbole attention of the audience . . .

? "MR. BROOKS, THE HARPIST", Hampshire Telegraph [England] (20 June 1857), 4

The concert announced to take place at the Victoria Rooms for the benefit of this talented harpist has been for the present postponed. We hope, however, he will not cancel his intention altogether; for, from the valuable service he has rendered the Ryde Philharmtonic Society at their various concerts, he is entitled to, and would doubtless receive, a large share of their support.

"GRAND CONCERT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (31 January 1860), 2

[News], The Argus (23 May 1860), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (29 August 1860), 5

[News], Empire (24 September 1860), 4

Mr. T. H. BROOKS, WE are happy in being enabled to say, is now making preparations to afford our citizens another musical treat. Although Mr. Brooks has long maintained a distinguished career on both sides of the Atlantic, still, coming amongst us a perfect stranger, it, of course, will take time for him to be known here, and appreciated as he ought; but this much we are sure of, that all who hear the delightful strains he is enabled to produce upon the harp, will have ample reason to be highly gratified with the porformance. We may here mention that Mr. Brooks' earlier career was remarkable. After the war in 1815, he played before the allied Sovereigns, at Guildhall; before Napoleon, at St. Helena; also, formerly, before the Duke of Wellington, at Strathfieldsaye; and before George the Fourth, at Carlton House, in the year 1820.

"THE DINNER", Empire (29 August 1861), 5

"DR. McGREGOR'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1861), 4

"MR. T. H. BROOKS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1862), 5

The harp has for many years gone out of vogue, its place being taken by the piano-forte, the cause of which has, no doubt, been that efficiency in playing upon the latter instrument can be acquired far more easily than that in playing on the former. The circumstance of the harp being now seldom heard has the effect of rendering such performances as those of last evening a grateful variation upon the staple of concerts, the music possessing, in addition to its other charms, those of novelty and freshness. The harp playing of Mr. Brooks displayed his thorough mastery over a most difficult instrument, and his power of producing all the varying effects required by the music. The wondrous variety of thrilling and of delicate tones which the skilful harpist produced at pleasure excited the regret that this elegant accomplishment, which was once so popular, should be now so entirely neglected, and also that Mr. Brooks' services should not be more frequently enlisted at the public concerts in Sydney. Mr. Brooks, besides accompanying several of the vocalists, gave two solo performances on the harp, both of which were rapturously encored. The first was the popular Irish melody Believe me if all those endearing young charms with variations, a very brilliant piece of playing. The encore exhibited the power of the harpist even more signally. It represented the march of a military band; the stirring effects produced by their gradual approach and retreat while playing being most dexterously described by the crescendo and diminuendo movements.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1862), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo 2014, 135, 163-67 (DIGITISED)

BROOKE, Warren Auber (Rev'd W. A. BROOKE)

Organist, pianist, Anglican priest

Active Tasmania, by 1854
Died Clifton, Gloucestershire, England, 7 November 1906, aged 81


Brooke, late of Trinity College Cambridge, was senior fellow at Christ's College, Hobart in 1854. An appendix to Stoney's A year in Tasmania (306) reprints a press report of the Annual Commemoration (? in 1854):

Shortly after eleven, the proceedings of the day commenced with the usual morning service in the chapel, at which the late Warden said prayers, and the lessons were read by the Divinity Fellow in waiting for the week (Mr. Adams). Those who are admirers of sacred music had a great treat in the performance on the organ by the Rev. W. A. Brooke, whose accompaniments to the chanting of the service were of a very superior description, adding very much to the impressiveness of that solemn and beautiful ritual.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 June 1854), 8

"George Town", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 January 1869), 3

"GRAND AMATEUR CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 July 1872), 2

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Argus (17 March 1876), 7

"EARLY LAUNCESTON. MR. WHITFIELD'S LECTURE No.4", Launceston Examiner (7 July 1897), 7

"SCHOOL SPEECH DAYS. THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL", Examiner (22 December 1906), 11

BROWER, Thomas P. (T. P. BROWER)

Vocalist, violinist (Rainer's Minstrels; Rainer's Serenaders)

Born USA, c. 1830
Arrived Sydney, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, December 1860
Died Philadelphia, USA, 15 March 1867, aged 37 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"RAINER'S SERENADERS", Daily Alta California (25 July 1852)

"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

"THE LAST APPEARANCE OF THE SERENADERS", The Courier (21 April 1853), 3


"Negro Minstrelsy . . . DIED", New York Clipper, (23 March 1867), 7

In Philadelphia, on Friday, 15th inst., Thomas P. Brower, in the 39th year of his age. It was but a year or so ago that Mr. Brower returned to his native city, after an absence of many years in nearly every quarter of the globe, and where, we believe, he performed with various minstrel troupes. He was a brother of the well known Frank Brower, from whose residence, No. 1, 122 Master street Philadelphia, the funeral was to have taken place on the 18th inst.


The subject of onr sketch was born in March 1837. He has visited, professionally, almost every part of the globe. Left New York in '53, when only sixteen years of age, for Melbourne, Australia, where he arrived after a voyage of one hundred and five days. After visiting the principal gold mines, and performing with success at each, in 1856 he joined the party consisting of Tom Brower (Frank's brother, since dead), Otto Burbank (now with George Christy), W. A. Porter, G. W. Demerest, D. F. Boley, J. O. Pierce, and a number of others. The company was styled the San Francisco Minstrels, under which appellation they performed throughout New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Van Dieman's Land and New Zealand . . . .

. . . Carson and Brower organized a company for India, which left Australia in August, 61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta . . . The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the San Francisco Minstrels, and there is not the slightest doubt that owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostaneee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, '66, tbe boys dislolved partnership, owing to the desire to sea their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral - Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen . . .

Related prints:

Old folks at home (as sung by T. Brower of Rainer's Minstrels, as arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: For the author by H. Marsh. [185?]) 

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 71 

Thomas P. Brower, a brother of Frank Brower, one of the organizers of the first minstrel show, and himself a performer of ability, died in Philadelphia, March 15, 1867; age 37 years.


John Cragin Rainer


Violin player (? band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830


"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds., Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause.


? Band of the 63rd Regiment


Musician, orchestra leader

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (22 October 1853), 2

. . . We do not mean to censure; but if our suggestion is worth having, Mr. Brown would add a great desideratum to the amphitheatre by giving us more musical variety . . .

"MALCOLM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (19 November 1853), 6

We would again suggest to Mr. Brown the necessity of an improvement in the music, and a greater variety. The music, on Tuesday night, during Cardoza's performance, was wretched. If Mr. Brown wishes to maintain his character as a musician, there must be a decided   change in the orchestra.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (3 December 1853), 6

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE - York-street - Open every evening with Dramatic and Equestrian Entertainments. Change of programme nightly. Daring feats in the Arena, comprising Scenic Acts ef Horsemanship, CLASSICAL DRAWING-ROOM ENTERTAINMENTS, Pantomimes, Ballets, &c., &c. Jester to the Arena, Mr. Palmer. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Brown. JOHN MALCOM, Proprietor.



Violin and guitar maker and repairer, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1857 (? arrived per La Hogue)

BROWN, J. (? John BROWN)

Violin maker

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1880

BROWN, Walter James (junior; W. J. BROWN)

Musician, violin maker and repairer, musical instrument repairer, double bass player

Born London, England, c. 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 6 February 1857 (per Walter Hood, from London)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1899, aged 77 ("a colonist over 40 years") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 4

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London, - at D. Buist's, Bridge-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1857), 8

[Advertisement]: "LA HOGUE POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1857), 2

LA HOGUE POLKA, composed by A. BROWN, dedicated to Captain Neatby and Officers of the ship, to be published on SATURDAY next Price 2s 6d. W. J. JOHNSON and CO, 57, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1857), 10

A. BROWN, Violin Maker and Repairer, from Joseph Panormo's, London Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1858), 1

VIOLINS. W. J. BROWN, Jun., violin maker and musical instrument repairer, No. 149, Pitt-street North, late of Bishopagate, London.

[4 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1858), 10 

W. J. BROWN, Musical Instrument Manufacturer and Repairer, 149. Pitt-street North.

VIOLINS, VIOLINS, from 15s. to £50, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149. Pitt-st North. Flutinas repaired.

MUSIC. MUSIC - Quadrilles, Songs, &c, at half-price, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North.

CORNOPEAN CLASS in formation, at W. J. BROWN'S, 149, Pitt-street North. Terms, 30s. per quarter, in advance.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1859), 7

SURRENDER. Walter James Brown, of Park-street, Sydney, musical instrument maker. Liabilities, £53 5s 3d.; assets - value of personal property, £7. Deficit £46 5s. Mr. Perry, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1876), 12

W. J. BROWN, From Brown and Son, London, VIOLIN MAKER and REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street east, Melbourne. N.B.-All kinds of musical instruments repaired. For antecedents of Brown and Son, London, see Sandy's and Forster's, "History of Violin.

"VICTORIA. XI. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (23 December 1880), 58s

. . . J. Brown, of 57 Lygon street, exhibits a case of his "Carltonia" violins. It is doubtful if this early naming of violins is the surest way to make a fame for them. It is the verdict of posterity which stamps upon any particular kind an unquestionable value. Mr. Brown's exhibits consist of three violins, with the date of manufacture attached to each. They are of good form, but being under lock and key the "varnishing" and other points in connexion with the make are not open to minute description. The next case is very interesting, and in some sense illustrates what we have just said about the verdict of posterity. It is the exhibit of W. J. Brown, dealer and repairer, 50 Little Collins-street east, and it contains violins as follows namely, Gaspard di Salo, A.D. 1597; Paolo Maggini, A.D. 1600; another by the same maker, A.D. 1624; Nicholas Amati, A.D. 1671; Ruggierius, A.D. 1680; Joseph Guarnerius, A.D. 1699; and Guadagnini, A.D. 1724; and there is also in the same case a little "Kit".


[Advertisement], Jewish Herald (1 July 1881), 5 

Awarded first Order of Merit. W. J. BROWN, (From Brown and Son, London), VIOLIN MAKER & REPAIRER, 56 Little Collins-street East, Melbourne. Violin bows haired and repaired. Country favours promptly executed. All kinds of Musical Instruments Repaired.

[Advertisement], The Age (6 July 1889), 12 

VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, first prize medalist for skilful Repairing, 227 Little Collins-street cast. VIOLIN, where shall I take it to be repaired! To Brown, 227 Little Collins-street east. VIOLIN - W. J. Brown, maker and repairer, established, London 1770, Melbourne 1872. 227 Little Collins-street.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 June 1899), 5

BROWN. - On the 16th June, Walter James Brown (after a short illness), Alma-road, St. Kilda, aged 77. A colonist over 40 years. English papers please copy.

Bibliography and resources:

William Sandys and Simon Andrew Forster, The history of the violin and other instruments played on with the bow . . . (London: William Reeves, 1864), 354-55

Associated with the name of Kennedy, as fiddle-makers, are James Brown, the elder and younger, both of whom, in early life, were silk-weavers, particularly the father, and lived in the locality of Shoreditch. About 1804 an intimacy arose with the Kennedy family, whereby James Brown the elder acquired some knowledge of fiddle-making; and, being made more perfect in the use of the tools by Thomas Kennedy, he at length became a repairer and maker of instruments for future support. About 1830 he slipped down the stairs of his dwelling-house, in Wheeler Street, Spitalfields, and broke one of the ankles; the fracture being most severe, the relatives were advised to take him to the hospital. Within a week of the accident, mortification set in, and he died at the age of seventy-five years, in September 1830 or 1834; the son does not remember the date accurately, but he thinks the former year; and he says they (father and son) resided in Wheeler Street for forty-six years, but not always in the same house. James Brown, the younger, was born November 1786, and learned to make fiddles of his father; but, to assist in other branches of the trade, he was mostly employed in making the various bows for the instruments. Since the death of his father, the greater attention has been given to the manufacture of violins, violoncellos, and double basses. This person died in 1860 at his residence in White Lion Street, Norton Folgate, in his seventy-fourth year. The father and son were good average workmen, but no marked style of finish. A son of this last person learned to make instruments of his father; but, when about twenty years of age, he quitted the business to play the contra-basso at theatres; and it is believed he now has some professional engagement in Australia, as success did not attend his exertions at "the Diggins."

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 243 

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 247 

BROWN, Mrs = Frances Helen HADSLEY

Teacher, music teacher

Active Windsor, NSW, 1842-43


Pianist, musician

Born ? Alsace
Died Araluen, NSW, 25 April 1864


"FATAL ACCIDENT AT ARALUEN", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (30 April 1864), 4 

Intelligence has reached town to the effect that Mr. F. Brown, pianist, who has for some years been a resident of the district, and spent a considerable portion of that time at Little River, died on Monday from the effects of a fall from a horse on Sunday last. Deceased will best be remembered in his public capacity as having travelled with Messrs. Oakey and Foans in their rounds of entertainments at Gininderra, Queanbeyan, Cooma, Gundaroo, Goulburn, and other places in the southern districts, and if we remember rightly, he was a native of Alsace. He has latterly been residing at Mr. W. H. Johnston's, Araluen, and was to have formed one of the corps musicale at the Odd-fellows' dinner and ball at the Doncaster to-morrow evening. The particulars of the accident are as follows: -

It appears that the deceased was about to proceed to Braidwood on horseback to procure the services of an accoucher for a female expected to be confined, and had just mounted for that purpose when the animal gave a buck and threw Mr. Brown, who was rather a heavy man, violently upon the ground on his right shoulder, his head coming into contact with the ground. He was for some time insensible, but was taken into the house and recovered, and on being asked by Mr. Johnston if he was seriously hurt, answered, "O no! I shall be right directly." Mr. Martin, the violinist, mounted the same horse and performed the errand, never doubting but he should find his friend all right when he returned. The injuries received, however, proved of a fatal nature. The deceased lived until Monday morning when all was over. Mr. Commissioner Griffin, accompanied by Mr. Clemenger, proceeded to Araluen yesterday to prosecute a magisterial enquiry. - Braidwood Dispatch.

BROWN, Mr. J. (James BROWNE)

Violinist, vocalist, composer

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1850-57


[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

Polka - Composed by J. Brown.

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

A miscellaneous concert, composed of sentimental and [REDACTED] songs, took place at Mr. Minehan's music room, on Monday, night week. Several of the sentimental songs were very creditably gone through, and the solos on the violin, by Mr. Brown, were exquisitely performed . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (28 November 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. James Browne upon the violin, aided by a French gentleman as second, performed several pieces in good taste, and Mr. Colquhoun's flute trilled forth its dulcet notes in several solos to the great delight of the audience, and was deservedly encored . . .


Double-bass player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859-66


Brown played double-bass in Lavenu's orchestra for the Sydney University Musical Festival in 1859, and in George Loder and Charles Eigenschenck's orchestra for Lyster's Opera at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, in 1865.


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

. . . CONTBABASSI. Mr. Chapman, from Melbourne; Mr. J. Brown; Mr. A. H. Chato; And a gentleman amateur, member of the Philharmonic Society . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (17 April 1865), 1

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (16 April 1866), 16 

. . . Double Bass: Mr. Brown . . .



Active Hobart, TAS, 1900


"THE ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION", The Mercury (18 April 1900), 2

Mr. J. Brown will, with the Vice-Regal Band, play a piece which he has composed, entitled "The Southern Cross," and composed in honour of the members of the expedition. The waltz is full of melody, and was played last year by special request at the Government House ball.

BROWN, Jim ("Jem BROWN"; alias of George KING)

Musician ("[REDACTED] vocalist")

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1843


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1845), 3

"ASSAULT IN THE CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1848), 3

"STEALING IN A DWELLING", The Maitland Mercury (26 September 1849), 3

"NEW YEAR'S DAY RIOTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1850), 2

A coloured man, well known in the city under the name of Jim Brown, following ostensibly the profession of musician at various low public-houses in the city, was yesterday committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, for acting as a leader in the riotous mobs which disturbed the peace of the city on New Year's night - Herald, Jan. 30.

"KNOCKING AT THE DOOR", Bell's Life In Sydney (2 February 1850), 1s

"TURTLE, TORTISE, OR TURPIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 2


Minstrel serenader

Born Buffalo, NY, USA, 2 January 1830
Active Australia, 1863
Died Glasgow, Scotland, 25 October 1883


"DEATHS IN THE PROFESSION", New York Clipper (15 December 1883), 8 


Marine, drummer

Active Sullivan Bay, Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803
Active Derwent, VDL (TAS), 1804-05


HRA 3/1, 107, 343



Active Beechworth, VIC, 1861


"BEECHWORTH POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 December 1861), 3

A musical barber. - John Brown of Ford street, summoned Montague Murray for the sum of £1, for services rendered as a musician at the Star Theatre on Saturday last. Complainant said the music put before him was wrongly written, and he could not play it. Had not been invited to "dry up," or "lie down." Had not played an Irish jig to the audience, and set them all dancing. Had not been told by the defendant that he (complainant) had injured defendant's reputation very much.

BROWN, John (? pseud.)

Songwriter, poet

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1862


"SQUATTER'S SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (26 July 1862), 3

BROWN, Mr. T. F.

Precentor, conductor of psalmody

Active Mortlake, VIC, 1859

Bibliography and resources:

J. E. Murdoch, Fifty Years of Presbyterianism in Mortlake, 1847-1897 (Mortlake: Printed at the Dispatch Office, 1917)

PRECENTORS. 1859, Mr. T. F. Brown; 1866, Mr. H. C. Johnstone, at a salary of £10 a year; 1869, Mr. J. G. Flanders; 1875, Mr. Maynard, at £4. 4s. a quarter (for two quarters). . .

BROWN, William

Itinerant musician

Died Binnalong, NSW, July 1858


"BINNALONG", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (24 July 1858), 3 

An itinerating pedlar and musician, named Wm. Brown, has died recently, from disease of the heart, after returning home from a wedding.

BROWN, Walter James see ABOVE

BROWNE, Francis Edward Douglas

? Music copyist, surveyor, penman, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1825 (convict per Medway, from the Downs, 22 August 1825)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 34


Browne advertised that either he or his staff would copy music.


[Advertisement], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (18 February 1834), 1 

. . . Music copied with neatness and accuracy.

BROWNE, Thomas

Music printer and publisher

Born London, 10 March 1816
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), c.1835-44, Hobart from 1844
Died Hobart, TAS, 23 December 1870, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also entry in sheet music checklist: 


In October 1845 the Hobart Courier noted that Browne, a general printer, had already "published one or two pieces of approved music", neither of which have been identified. He went on to issue Joseph Reichenberg's Ancient Hebrew melodies in 1847; Francis Hartwell Henslowe's four Songs of Zion, Where is thy home and The Campbell-Town waltzes in 1849, and Julius Imberg's lost Tasmanian quadrilles in 1851.


"TASMANIAN PUBLICATIONS", The Courier (4 October 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (25 January 1851), 6

"MR. IMBERG'S QUADRILLES", Colonial Times (28 January 1851), 2

"DEATH", The Mercury (24 December 1870), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Thomas Browne" (1816-1870)", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Piano maker and repairer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 January 1853), 8

IMPORTANT TO PIANO-FORTE PLAYERS. MR. BROWNLOW, Piano Forte Maker and Restorer, from London, has just arrived in this Colony, for the purpose of restoring the tone, touch, and worn action of Instruments . . .


Baritone vocalist, songwriter

Born UK, 1861
Arrived Adelaide/Melbourne, May 1894
In USA, c.1903-13
Died (suicide) Melbourne, 6/7 September 1919, aged 55

Wallace Brownlow, c.1899

Image: c.1899 (above); also 


"MAIL NEWS", South Australian Chronicle (22 April 1893), 20

London, March 18th . . . Mr. Wallace Brownlow, who created the part of the Chaplain of the Fleet in the 'Golden Web,' at the Lyric on Saturday evening, visited the colonies ten or twelve years ago, but did not 'strike oil.' He contemplates another visit under happier auspices.

"On and Off the stage", Table Talk (11 May 1894), 6 

Mr. Wallace Brownlow, the new baritone of the Comic Opera Company, was a passenger to Australia by the R.M.S. Oratava, and joined the Royal Comic Opera Company at Adelaide.

"Mr. Wallace Brownlow", Table Talk (22 June 1894), 6

"OPERA SINGER'S DEATH", The Argus (8 September 1919), 6

FOUND WITH THROAT CUT. Wallace Brownlow's End. With his throat gashed and a razor lying on the grass at his side, Mr Wallace Brownlow, a well known baritone singer, who won distinction in light musical productions in Melbourne over 20 years ago, was found dead in the Exhibition Gardens early yesterday morning. Constable C. P. Hunt, of Carlton, when patrolling the gardens, noticed the dead man lying near the western end of the Exhibition Building. In one of his pockets was found a note, addressed to the coroner in which Mr Brownlow intimated that he intended to take his life. The same determination was expressed in another note addressed to any person making inquiries into his death. Mr. Brownlow was 55 years of age and had recently been employed at the Influenza Hospital in the Exhibition Building. He had been staying at Fuller's Hotel, Bourke street, and it is understood that some months ago he spent a period as a member of the Permanent Guard. The body has been removed to the Morgue. In his day, Mr Wallace Brownlow was one of the most popular actors ever known in Australia in comic open and musical comedy. His chief successes were in "Floradora" and "Ma Mie Rosette," and in many other musical pieces he gained high favour. His first appearance in this country was made on June 16, 1894, when the romantic light opera, "Ma Mie Rosette,' was given by the Royal Comic Opera Company for the first time in Australia at the Princess theatre, Melbourne. The fine cast included Miss Nellie Stewart as the village girl, Rosette, Mr. Brownlow as King Henry IV of France, Mr. Joseph Tapley as Rosette's lover, Vincent, Miss Florence Young as the haughty court lady, Corsindre, Mr. George Lauri as the brisk Bouillon, Miss Clara Thompson (Mrs Henry Bracy) as the demure Martha, and Mr Howard Vernon as the battered veteran, Colonel Cognac. The appearance of the new baritone was eagerly awaited by the crowded audience, as he had the difficult task of following a great favourite in such parts, Mr. Charles Ryley, who had taken his farewell of Australia at the same theatre on the previous night . . .

"WALLACE BROWNLOW'S SUICIDE", The Mercury (19 September 1919), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

"Wallace Brownlow", Wikipedia 


Without thy love (song written by Wallace Brownlow; composed by Charles Kenningham) (Melbourne: Allan and Co., [1899]) 

BRUCE, Donald


? Active Sydney, NSW, 1835 (but perhaps fictitious or semi-fictitious)


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1835), 2

Donald Bruce, a dapper little fellow, from the land o' cakes, who occasionally amused His Majesty's subjects with a tune on the bagpipes, was brought forward on a charge of indulging rather freely in sundry potations of the real ferintosh, which Donald was determined should not be a secret in that part,- at least, of the King's dominions, called Kent-street, as he bawled out with stentorian lungs,

I've been drinking, I've been drinking
Real stingo, all day long,
And I'm coming, and I'm coming,
So now my boys let's have a song.

Donald was screwing up his pipes, and had just commenced an harmonious strain, addressing a maiden who had put her head out of the window to ascertain what was the matter, "saft, saft, is the twink o' thine ee lassee," when a watchman who had been disturbed from a nap by Donald's unseasonable melody, rudely seized him by the nape of the neck and gave him a shake, saying "this hour and a half I've been waiting for you, so lave off your blarney and hurry along, your music put up, and be aizy my honey, for to-morrow the Colonel" shall sing you a "song," and without farther ceremony dragged him into an unoccupied nook of No. 5, watch house. Donald being asked if he was drunk, scratched his head for a few seconds, and casting an enquiring glance at the Bench, says he "my lads" but recollecting that he was not now in the tap-room of the "Cat and Fiddle," your Worships I mean, I want a little information on that important subject; how many half pints may a man venture to take before he may be honestly called drunk, for I had only four all the evening? then half shutting one eye and cocking his ear for the answer. We find you drunk on your own confession, said their Worships, and fine you 5s. to be appropriated to the use of the poor.

At this he looked quite funny,
Says he, my charming honey,
I've lots of songs to various tunes,
But I an't got no money.

Let Donald have a place in the stocks, says their Worships, and he was dragged along, bagpipes and all, singing as he left the office.

BRUCE, Peter ("Captain")

Bagpiper, Highland dancer

Born Skye, Scotland, c.1817
Active Port Macquarie, NSW, by 1843
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855
Died near Benalla, VIC, 1 September 1889, aged "about 70" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

Mr. Peter Bruce will perform a grand Invocation of Scottish National Music, on the Scotch Pipes, in full Highland costume, as played before the Duke of Buccleuch and the whole court of Queen Victoria, in Scotland.

"THE SCOTTISH GAMES AT GEELONG", The Argus (4 January 1860), 5

"THE LATE CALEDONIAN GATHERING", The Argus (7 December 1860), 5

"THE BEECHWORTH CARNIVAL RICHARDSON'S SHOW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 November 1873), 2 

. . . On Wednesday evening we dropt in again, and saw Messrs James Cunningham, James Kyle, Robert Spiers and Master Duncan dance a capital Scotch reel, to the bagpipe accompaniment of Mr. Peter Bruce; this went well with the audience . . . Peter Bruce, the piper, played, as the Scotch folk said, brawley.

"THE EASTER FESTIVAL", The North Eastern Ensign (16 April 1884), 2

[News], The North Eastern Ensign (3 September 1889), 2

Mr. Peter Bruce, better known as "Captain" Bruce, a very old resident of Benalla district, died at his residence on Sunday last, the cause of death being a general break-up of the constitution. Deceased, who was about 70 years of age, was a native of the Highlands of Scotland, and settled down here at farming pursuits many years ago. Although an old man, he was fond of Caledonian sport, and was reckoned one of the best "pipers" in the colony. He was always noted for a genial nature, for his industry and energy in his capacity of farmer, and for a most neighborly and obliging disposition. His remains will be interred in the local cemetery to-day.

"A PIONEER FARMER", The Australasian (25 December 1926), 11 

The death of Gustavus Robert Bruce, of Yarrawonga, on December 9, 1926, removes the last and the original free selector in the parish of Yarrawonga . . . His father, Peter Bruce, was born in the Isle of Skye, Scotland, and decided when 18 or 19 years of age to go to Australia, and sailed from Glasgow in 1826 for Sydney. He was then considered one of the best bagpipe players in Scotland, and received a great send-off from the Highlanders in Glasgow. Upon landing in Sydney he took service under Captain Innis, of the Imperial forces. His fame as a piper brought him in contact with all the distinguished Scotsmen of Sydney and he played at every gathering of note in that city. While in the service of Captain Innis, Peter Bruce married Christina Sanderson, and settled down to farming at Parramatta, where Robert was born. When gold was discovered in Victoria Peter Bruce, with his wife and young family and worldly possessions packed on two drays, each drawn by six bullocks, started off on the long bush journey. Bob, his eldest son, was not quite 11 years of age, but he drove one of those teams all the way to the Ovens diggings at Beechworth. Many hardships were encountered on the long journey; there were no roads or bridges, and provisions were difficult to obtain. They struck Gundagai just as the great flood was going down. Bob Bruce informed the writer that cattle and horses were up in the tops of trees at incredible heights. When he reached Beechworth Bob commenced prospecting on his own, and had some luck. His parents lived there for some years, and then left for Benalla to begin farming . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Mundy 1852a, volume 2, 17, 23, 44-45 

[Port Macquarie, March 1847] . . . here were dinner parties and dancing every evening, the chief music being furnished by a Highland bagpiper in full costume. In short, at this secluded bush-residence there was every luxury that could be found in the distant capital, except the polka! and that one of our party imported and imparted, to the immeasurable delight of a numerous bevy of pretty girls, the daughters and friends of the house.

[23] . . . His [Major Innes's] overseer, the piper Bruce - of whom I have made honourable mention as incorporating within his own person and pipes the dancing orchestra of Lake Innes Cottage - resides at the inn, and makes what custom he can from the rare travellers on the road.

[44] . . . The travellers, however, reached at sunset the hospitable roof of Lake Innes Cottage, where we recruited ourselves until the 22d. Bruce's bagpipes were in good wind and condition; the same may be said of the eight or nine young ladies in the house, who took [45] care that the Sydney gentlemen should not forget how to dance for want of practice . . .

Boswell 1911, 56 

Boswell 1911, 61 

Thursday, 22nd June [1843] . . . Bruce played some pibrochs early for Mr. Macleay's benefit. I had no idea the bagpipes could sound so beautiful, though I liked them at all times the sound is so different in the open air when the piper is walking up and down.

Boswell 1911, 67 

. . . in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all.

Boswell 1911, 128 

John MacFadyen, "Piping in Skye", in The Skye: one hundred years 1865-1965 (Glasgow: J. MacGowan/McMillan, Graham and Pickering, [1965])

The only natives of Skye Alexander [Bruce] was on record as having been taught by the MacCrimmons were Alexander Bruce 1771-1840 and his brother John Bruce 1775-1847. Alexander was piper first to Capt. MacLeod of Gesto and afterwards to Mr. Bruce of Glenelg. Alexander Campbell, the Diarist, describes him in 1815 as a favourite pupil of Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. He had three songs, John, Peter, and Malcolm, Malcolm was piper at Moy for a time while John and Peter went to Australia where they taught the Canntaireachd to the eccentric Simon Fraser.

Mackenzie 2009, 155, 156, 162

[156] [Simon Fraser] himself did not play the pipes seriously until he was 40 [1884-5]. He said he was then the only pupil of Peter Bruce, son of the great piper Alexander Bruce, who had been taught by both Gesto and Donald Ruadh MacCrimmon. Peter left his pipes to Simon in his will, an indication of a close teacher-pupil bond.

Bibliography and resources:,_Port_Macquarie,_New_South_Wales 

[accessed 9 July 2015] Annabella often referred to Bruce the piper who entertained the residents of the house . . . [this] was Peter Bruce who came as a free settler from Scotland in about 1840. He was part of a family whose members were renowned for their ability to play the bagpipes and are mentioned in the texts on the history of piping. His father was Alexander Bruce (1771-1840) of Glenelg, Scotland who had been taught by the famous MacCrimmon pipers and his uncle John Bruce (1775-1847) was the piper to Sir Walter Scott. It is also mentioned in the texts that two of Alexander's sons Peter and John, who also played the bagpipes very well, immigrated to Australia. Although Peter played the pipes to entertain the guests he was also employed as a servant. Annabella mentions that he assists the butler serve at the table when required. However his main occupation seems to be a farmer as she says that "in the fields grew oats and lucerne for hay also maize and Indian corn, Bruce having the charge or oversight of all." At the time that Annabella wrote her diary in 1844 Peter Bruce was about to marry, Helen, her cousins maid. She mentions that the wedding of Bruce and Helen was held in the drawing-room. The bride was Helen Sanderson, a Scottish girl, who immigrated to Australia in about 1838. She was on board the same ship that Annabella's maid Christina Ross had taken to come to Australia. The couple had several children while they lived at Lake Innes and in the early 1850s they moved to the goldfields at Bathurst and then to Beechworth. Eventually they came to Benalla in Victoria where Peter bought some land and became a farmer. He continued playing the bagpipes and his obituary mentions that he was known "as one of the best pipers in the colony."


Annabella Boswell (Innes)

Simon Fraser (pupil)

BRUCE, Robert ("R. B.")

Songwriter, composer, poet, pastoralist

Born England c.1835
Died North Adelaide, SA, 4 November 1908, in his 73rd year (NLA persistent identifier)


A pastoralist (at Wallelberdina and Coondambo), Bruce was a prolific poet, songwriter and novelist, active from the 1870s. Works include his story collection The dingos and other tales (Adelaide: Printed at the Advertiser and Chronicle offices, 1875) and a verse collection A voice from the Australian bush (Adelaide: Frearson and Bro., 1877)


"DEATHS", The Advertiser (5 November 1908), 8

"DEATH OF MR. ROBERT BRUCE", The Register (6 November 1908), 5

Robert Caldwell, "ROBERT BRUCE (The Poet of Coondambo)", The Advertiser (28 November 1908), 13

Musical works:

The mistletoe (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Whispering wind bring your message to me (written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

I am a zephyr free (song written and composed by Robert Bruce) 

Let's be happy while we're young (song; words and music composed by R. Bruce; harmonized by Hans Bertram) 

BRUFORD, Eliza Harris (Elizabeth Harris; Eliza Harris FERGUSON; Mrs. Alexander BRUFORD; Mrs. BRUFORD)

School teacher, music teacher

Born Baltimore, USA, 9 November 1814; baptised St. Andrew's., Holborn, London, England, 14 March 1819, daughter of James Frederick FERGUSON (1768-1831) and Elizbeth Mary HARRIS (1792-1849)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 14 August 1834 (assisted immigrant per Strathfieldsay, from Gravesend, 1 May)
Married Alexander BRUFORD (c. 1800-1861), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 January 1842
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 21 April 1846 (per Flying Fish, from Hobart Town, 7 April)
Died Port Fairy, VIC, 27 February 1876, aged "61" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Assisted female immigrants, per Strathfieldsay, 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:420861; CSO1/1/742/16027; GO33/1/17 P906$init=GO33-1-17P0906JPG (DIGITISED)

91 / Ferguson / Miss / 20 / Governess / [disposed to] Mr. Bartley Kerry Lodge / £30 / [character] Very Good

[Advertisement], The Courier (15 December 1840), 3 

MRS. BETTS Establishment for Young Ladies. Any reference can be made (during Mrs. Bett's absence from town) to Miss Ferguson, at J. S. Butler's, Esq., Davey-street, Hobart Town. December 15.

1842, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:828642; RGD37/1/2 no 1374$init=RGD37-1-2p272 

[No.] 1374 / 8th January / Alexander Bruford / 41 / Accountant . . .
Eliza Harris Ferguson / 22 [sic] / Married at Hobart Town according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Church of Scotland . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 May 1843), 1 

MRS. BRUFORD begs to inform her friends and the public that, on Mondav, the 15th instant, she purposes OPENING a SCHOOL for YOUNG LADIES, in which the usual course of education will be pursued. Mrs. B. hopes, by diligent attention to her pupils, to merit that degree of approbation which, as a private instructress, she formerly enjoyed. Terms may be known on application to Mrs. Bruford, 39, Macquarie-street. May 4.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (22 April 1846), 2 

April 21 - Flying Fish schooner, J. Clinch master from Hobart Town 7th instant. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs Bruford and three children, and Mary Balfour, servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

MRS. BRUFORD, by this, informs the parents and guardians residing in and around Melbourne, that, after the vacation, she purposes opening a School for a limited number of young ladies.
Mrs. Bruford intends teaching the English Grammar, Geography, History &c., the French and Italian languages, and the Music herself; she can therefore promise, that in these branches of education, the utmost endeavours shall be used to promote the improvement of her pupils; should Drawing and Dancing be required, she will endeavour to procure the best masters.
Mrs. Bruford has at present room for only 3 or 4 boarders, but hopes soon to obtain a larger house in a more suitable situation.
A card of terms will be sent on application either by letter or otherwise.
Reference given and required. Little Lonsdale street.

"THE RISING GENERATION", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (3 July 1846), 3 

By our advertising columns, it will be seen that Mrs. Bruford has opened a seminary for young ladies, in which the usual branches of an English education, combined with French, Italian, and music, will be imparted by Mrs. Bruford, whose diversified attainments, and highly respectable and influential connexions will doubtless obtain for her no small share of the patronage of those desirous of bestowing on their offspring that "jewel beyond all price," a good education.

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (28 December 1846), 2 

WANTED. A Young Woman, fully competent to take charge of three children. Reference required. Apply to MRS. BRUFORD, Collins-street, Eastern Hill.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (14 March 1856), 8 

MRS. BRUFORD wishes to inform the inhabitants of Castlemaine that she purposes opening a School for Young Ladies, in which they will be taught the usual branches of an English education, French, the rudiments of Latin, and Piano-forte music . . .
TERMS. English 3 guineas per quarter; French 2 " " "; Latin 2 " " "; Music 3 " " "; To be paid in advance.
Doveton Street, Castlemaine.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (6 July 1860), 4 

LADIES' SCHOOL. MRS. BRUFORD being now free from all other engagements is desirous of increasing the number of her pupils, to whose education she will devote her earnest attention.
Terms per Quarter: English, with the rudiments of Latin £3 3 0; French 2 2 0; Music 3 3 0; Dancing 1 11 6
References to the parents of pupils now attending the school.
The duties will be resumed on Monday, July 9. Hermitage Road, Newtown.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 March 1876), 1 

BRUFORD. - On the 27th ult., at Belfast, Eliza Harris Bruford, aged 61 years, daughter of the late James Frederick Ferguson (previously Jean Joseph Jaquemain, of Jaquemains, bankers, Paris), and widow of the late Alexander Bruford, of Hobart Town and Melbourne, formerly of Frome, Somerset.

Bibliography and resources:

James Frederick Ferguson, Geni 

Eliza Harris FERGUSON, RootsWeb 

Benjamin Preiss, "Archaeological dig uncovers huge pre-Gold Rush trove in Melbourne CBD", The Age (24 May 2020)


Singing instructor, schoolmaster

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1849
Died NZ, 17 May 1900


"CONGREGATIONAL PSALMODY", The Argus (21 November 1849), 2

It is proposed to form a class for instruction in singing, on the Hullah system, with a view to the improvement of congregational psalmody. The class will be conducted, under the superintendence of the clergy of St. Peter's parish, by Mr. Brunton, of the Church of England School, Collingwood, and will meet every Monday and Friday evening, at the Protestant Hall.



A course of lectures on music, given gratuitously in this church by Mr. Brunton, of Collingwood, concluded on Thursday evening . . . The instruction given has been of the most practical character, elucidating the beauties of the plain chaunt, which is so well adapted for the services of the Church of England.

"AN EXPLANATION. To the Editor", The Argus (16 July 1856), 6

"SERVICE OF SONG" [from Journal of Australasia, December 1856], Launceston Examiner (10 January 1857), 3

. . . During the last few weeks, a class numbering nearly three hundred persons has met in Chalmers' Church for the practice of psalmody . . . The conductor of these classes is a Mr. Brunton, whose skill as a teacher had been before commented in this Journal, and in other  publications. The present course consists of six lectures, and is preliminary to more extensive classes which the lecturer proposes to open in Melbourne and Collingwood . . .

"ST. MARK'S SCHOOL COLLINGWOOD", The Argus (2 October 1858), 5

? "A BANKRUPT CLERGYMAN AND HIS CREDITORS", Bendigo Advertiser (16 November 1888), 3

? "NEW ZEALAND NEWS", The Queenslander (1 December 1888), 1012

"DEATH OF AN EVANGELIST", Wanganui Chronicle (18 May 1900), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward A. Petherick, "Early Collingwood: recollections of the 'fifties and 'sixties of last century", The Victorian Historical Magazine 1/1 (January 1911), 5-18

. . . In the middle of the 'fifties there were a few private schools and three or four good public schools in Collingwood [including] Mr. Brunton's at St. Mark's . . . Mr. Brunton's was considered the best, but being a dissenter he had soon to remove his "Eton" public school from St. Mark's to the United Free Methodist Chapel in George-street; and Mrs. Snow, wife of Alfred Snow, architect of Oxford-street Church, followed with her public school for girls to the school-room adjoining. Both schools had the same singing and drawing masters and received the most efficient teaching then in vogue in any Denomination. Mr. Brunton was a kind and considerate, though very strict master; a counsellor on whose judgment his elder pupils could rely with confidence; a master always associating with them as a friend and companion . . . A large number of surviving pupils now scattered over the Commonwealth and New Zealand, still revere the memory of their old Master, Alfred Brunton.


Edward Augustus Petherick (pupil late 1850s)


Professor of dancing

Born ? London, England, c.1790
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by April 1828
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1830, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Perhaps a son or other relative of the English theatrical entrepreneur John Brunton (1775-1849), Thomas Brunton, lately "Ballet Master at the King's theatre, London", also "late Ballet master of the Surrey Theatre", was recently arrived and teaching dancing in Sydney in April 1828. According to the Monitor, in May he had been engaged to be "ballad [sic] master" at Levi's new Sydney Amateur Theatre. He advertised regularly in the press through 1829. However, he died on 28 February 1830 after being thrown by his horse.

His inquest heard that:

Mr. Brunton was a man of cheerful, social habits, and just 40 years of age. He married, only three or four months ago, the young widow of the late Mr. William Underwood, whose death, in several particulars, resembled that of the unfortunate Mr. B.

As a result for Brunton's death, a Mrs. Raine advertised that she would be opening a dancing school. Brunton's wife, Mary, died 2 years later.


[News], The Monitor (19 April 1828), 7

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 May 1828), 1

[News], The Monitor (21 May 1828), 5

[News], The Horbart Town Courier (28 June 1828), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (3 November 1828), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Asiatic Journal (August 1830), 226

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. BRUNTON", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 March 1830), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 April 1830), 1

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (24 May 1832), 4


Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, theatrical manager

Born England, ?
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, until March 1861
Died New York, USA, 24 November 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

BRUTONE, Julia (? Miss COURT; Miss Julia CLIFFORD; Miss Julia CLISSOLD)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1854), 4 

. . . New comic song by Mr. Bruton . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (29 August 1857), 3 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Sole Lessees - Messrs. Jones and Bruton; Stage Manager, Mr. B. Jones; Treasurer, Mr. H. Field; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. I. Davis . . . Local Comic Song - THE BATHURST RAILWAY - Mr. Bruton . . .

"THEATRICALS", Colonist [Nelson, NZ] (16 March 1858), 2 

The clipper schooner Ariel, Captain Eves, has arrived with a theatrical company from Sydney, who will shortly appear in Nelson. Report speaks highly of their ability, and our good townsfolk may anticipate a Thespian treat of no mean order. The company, among others, consists of Miss Julia Clifford, late leading actress of the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney; Mr. Bruton, the celebrated comedian and comic singer, and long a great favorite in Sydney; and Mr. P. Davize, the well known delineator of "eccentric comedy."

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS. THEATRE ROYAL", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (11 July 1859), 3 

. . . The Farce of "Wilful Murder" which followed served to develop the comic powers of Mr. J. W. Bruton, a rising actor, who is more really funny than most others of his class, because he does not strive to go beyond the scope of his part . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (27 March 1861), 3 

"NEW ROYALTY THEATRE", Morning Post [London, England] (24 January 1862), 5

. . . Of the low comedians, by far the best is Mr. J. W. Brutone, late of the Lyceum, an artist whose humour is affluent and versatile, and who excels in burlesque . . .

"DUNDEE. ALHAMBRA MUSIC HALL", The Era [London, England] (20 May 1866), 13

. . . The other members of the present company include Mr. J. W. Brutone and Miss Clissold (duettists) . . .

"OBITUARY. J. W. BRUTONE, COMEDIAN", The New York Herald (25 November 1876), 10 

Mr. J. W. Brutone, the popular comedian, died at his residence, No. 148 West Twenty-fifth street, on Friday morning, after a short illness. Brutone's family name was Barrett. He was the son of Aaron Barrett, architect, of Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. He was not intended by education for the stage, but early developed a desire for histrionic fame. In 1852, his health being indifferent, he went to Sydney, Australia, where, shortly after his arrival, he made his debut. At the theatre he met Miss Court [Julia Clifford/Clissold], also a debutante, and shortly thereafter their fame and fortunes were merged in marriage. In 1861 Mr. Brutone and his wife, having visited all the cities of Australia, went to England, where they remained in professional occupation until 1867, when they came to America. From this time forth until his death Mr. Brutone played at different theatres in New York, winning for himself golden opinions and establishing his claims to popular recognition. Mrs. Brutone, nee Court, was of the family famous as hereditary proprietors of the Shakespeare property in Stratford-upon-Avon, and had been on the stage but three mouths when she married the deceased.

[Recollections], The theatre [London, England] (1890), 366

. . . Agnes Booth said: "In Australia I danced in all the operas with Mme. . . . There was an amateur company among the officers, and they were to play the "Lady of Lyons." Mrs. Brutone, who was then Miss Julia Clifford, was to play Pauline and I was to dance the Highland fling . . .

"THE MUSIC BOX, By JAMES M. GLOVER", The Stage [London, England] (6 December 1923), 17

. . . And here is Fanny Moody telling us not only of her singing masters, but of dear old Mrs. Brutone, the American actress, from whom she had her "declamation lessons." In the seventies and eighties we took her art seriously. When I produced Jack in the Box at the Union Square, New York, in 1885, I cast Mrs. Brutone for the show man's wife, Mrs. Merryweather. She shortly afterwards returned to this country and stopped with the Howsons, and gave lessons such as those of which Miss. Manners is so justly proud . . .

BRYAN, Jane Elizabeth (Miss BRYAN; Mrs. Alfred MONK)

Vocalist (pupil of Cesare Cutolo)

Born c. 1841
Active Adelaide, SA, 1859-60
Married Alfred MONK, Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 15 November 1910, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

. . . The piece which followed was a trio - "Desolate is the dwelling of Norma"- by Miss Rowe, Mr. Daniel, and Miss Bryan; the latter an amateur vocalist, and this her first appearance in public. The performance of this piece was loudly encored. Miss Bryan displayed some excellent and accurate tones of voice, as well as a degree of animation which indicated proficiency in her part and taste in its delivery. A solo on the harp by Miss Horn, selected from Meyerbeer, followed. Miss Bryan then sung "Bright things can never die." Throughout both of these songs she developed tones of voice and an animation in her delivery which took the spectators quite by surprise. She was interrupted several times by the applause of the audience, and was enthusiastically called upon for an encore, when she substituted "I do not ask," which was rendered in an unexceptionable manner and with great feeling. We venture to state that for volume of tone and expression in delivery this young lady has not her equal in the colony.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1859), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (30 November 1859), 3

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 December 1859), 3

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", The South Australian Advertiser (31 May 1860), 3

"WHITE'S ROOMS", South Australian Register (22 December 1860), 3

"TIVOLI REMINISCENCES", Observer (15 January 1916), 33 

. . . Miss Tozer, afterwards Mrs. Perryman, Miss Chalker, Miss Rowe, and Miss Bryan (afterwards Mrs. Monk) were among those who appeared . . .

BRYAN, Thomas


Arrived Fremantle, WA, 1863
Died Launceston, TAS, 16 February 1896, aged 76

BRYAN, Thomas


Active Perth, WA
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 May 1901, aged 49


"AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Inquirer & Commercial News (5 September 1866), 2

"PERTH BAND", The Inquirer & Commercial News (10 October 1866), 3

[News], The Perth Gazette (8 January 1869), 2

"OBITUARY", Launceston Examiner (17 February 1896), 4

"BANDMASTER BRYAN. DEATH FROM HEART DISEASE", West Australian Sunday Times (12 May 1901), 1

"DEATHS", The West Australian (5 June 1901), 4

BRYANT, Master

Boy vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864-65


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1865), 8

BRYANT BROTHERS (2 of the 3 famous minstrel performers from USA)


Minstrel, serenader, banjo player

Born Chesterfield, NY, USA, 11 June 1828
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 5 April 1856 (per What Cheer, for California) Died New York City, USA, 8 April 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BRYANT, Neil (Neil BRYANT; stage name of Cornelius A. O'BRIEN)

Minstrel, serenader, flutina player

Born Keesville, NY, USA, c. 1835
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audubon, from San Francisco, California, via Honolulu)
Departed ? Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1856 (per Swiss Boy, for San Francisco)
Died Brooklyn, NY, 6 March 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

E.Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, [1910]), 58-59, 106 

Jerry Bryant (O'Brien) was the oldest of the famous Bryant Brothers; he was an excellent comedian, and was especially good on the "bone end" of the minstrel first part. He made his initial appearance as a ballad singer in 1842. Billy Whitlock, the "father of minstrelsy," first brought him before the public. In 1844 he became a member of the Ethiopian Serenaders, subsequently appearing with the Operatic Brothers and Sisters. In June, 1847, he formed one of the original Campbell's Minstrels, organized in New York City. The following year he played in London, England, with Major Dumbleton's Ethiopian Serenaders. In 1849 he returned to America and made a tour of the country, and on April 8, 1850, he opened with Earl Pierce's Minstrels at No. 442 Broadway, New York City ; subsequently he went to Boston, where he met with much success with Ordway's Aeolians. When George Christy seceded from the E. P. Christy Minstrels, in New York, October 1854, Jerry Bryant took his (Christy's) place, and remained with the company until it disbanded, on July 15, 1854; in September, the same year, he went with E. P. Christy's Minstrels to California, and continued until the final dissolution of that company took place, a short time after their arrival. In San Francisco he next managed the San Francisco Minstrels, in conjunction with Eph. Horn and Sher. Campbell. In 1855 they went to Australia, subsequently returning to the United States, and on Monday, February 23, 1857, in [59] conjunction with his brothers, Dan and Neil, and about ten others, the first performance of Bryant's Minstrels was given in New York City, at Mechanics' Hall, No. 472 Broadway. Mr. Bryant was married in the Spring of 1859: his widow subsequently became the wife of Thomas Donaldson, proprietor of the London Theatre, New York. Of Jerry Bryant it may be truthfully said that he was one of the most capable and popular performers that ever blacked up. His last appearance was with his own company, April 2, 1861. Jerry Bryant was born in Chesterfield, X. V., June 11, 1828; he died in New York City April 8, 1861. 

Neil Bryant (Cornelius A. O'Brien), was the youngest and the last of the three famous brothers of his name that organized Bryant's Minstrels, in 1857. Oddly enough, less is known about the early career of Neil Bryant than either of his brothers. The earliest authentic record obtainable by the author is at the American Hall, Hartford, Conn., June 25, 1851, as a member of Ordway's Aeolians, a famous Boston organization: it is highly probable that Mr. Bryant was with this company prior to the above date in the Massachusetts metropolis. He continued with Bryant's Minstrels in New York until the death of his brother Dan, April 10, 1875; subsequently he organized Bryant's Minstrels, and gave intermittent performances on the road for a period of about seven years. In 1851, the programme gave Neil Bryant as giving an accordeon solo; in later years he was almost exclusively identified with his performance on the flutina. About 1882 he secured a government position in Washington, D. C, which he retained until two years prior to his death. July 11, 1859, Mr. Bryant married Miss Gertrude E. Ransom. Neil Bryant was born in Keesville, N. Y., 1835; he died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 6, 1902.


Vocalist, lecturer on national music

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1850-51


"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (5 January 1850), 2

"MUSICAL LECTURE", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 January 1850), 2

. . . For nearly three hours Mr. Buchanan entertained his audience by alternately tracing from history the antiquity and power of music, and illustrating its effects upon the feelings through the means of national airs. The songs were English, Irish, and Scotch. Mr. Buchanan has a clear and pleasing voice, more particularly adapted to the plaintive old airs of Scotland and Ireland.

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Moreton Bay Courier (4 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 April 1850), 1

BUCK, Frederick (BÜCKE; Fritz BUCK)

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Germany, c. 1827/33
Arrived Australia c. early 1850s
Died Hobart, TAS, buried 29 December 1901, aged 68/74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (21 May 1866), 3

NEW MUSIC. FOR SALE AT THE GUARDIAN OFFICE . . . The Young Recruit, march . . .

Burial records (29 December 1901) for Frederick/Fritz Buck; Tasmanian Names Index 

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (30 December 1901), 2

Herr Frederick Buck died on Saturday, aged 74. Though feeble from declining years, he had, up to within a few days of his death, been able to keep about in the open air, and his end was somewhat unexpected. He was an old Tasmanian resident, having arrived here some 50 years ago, and as a talented musician he occupied a prominent and useful position in the community, and had at one time possessed a nice little property in the Glenorchy district, where he had hoped to find a permanent home. Misfortunes, however, befell him. He accepted the position of immigration agent for the Tasmanian Government, went home to his native country, and was instrumental in bringing to the colony many useful German families, who, settling down to industrial pursuits, have become prosperous members of the community. The undertaking did not bring much profit to Herr Buck, but rather involved him in trouble, the result of his too sanguine aspirations to do something that should place his name on the scroll of fame. Meanwhile, his position as one of the premier musicians of Tasmania became weakened. Younger and more pushing competitors entered the field, and, with advancing years, the once popular musician, step by step, dropped into the rear ranks, and friends became few. He was a good linguist, and accomplished in many ways outside his musical profession, and as long as he had means, was liberal handed, even beyond the limits of discretion. His name will long be honoured with that of Herr Schott. They were contemporaries in musical circles some twenty years ago, and both, in their special spheres, did much to advance musical culture in Hobart.

Musical works:

The young recruit march ("Introducing Kucken's favorite air, for the pianoforte") (Hobart: J. Walch, [by 1866]); copy at SL-TAS; Trove Bookmark

BUCKE, Walter Francis

Baritone (pupil of Garcia and Santley, London), Teacher of Singing

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by April 1873 (with Arabella Goddard)

BUCKE, Isa (Mrs. W. F. BUCKE; Miss STEELE)

Pianist (pupil of Hartmann of Leipsic), Teacher of Pianoforte


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 April 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 October 1876), 1

[Advertisement], Northern Argus (3 November 1876), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 June 1877), 2

"ARREST OF F. W. BUCKE AT ALBURY", The Goulburn Herald (24 November 1877), 7

"POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (27 November 1877), 3

"The Charge against Bucke the Musician", Evening News (21 March 1878), 2

Walter Francis Bucke, 30, was charged at the Adelaide Criminal Court, on the 15th, with attempting to procure abortion. Prisoner pleaded not guilty, and was defended by Mr. T. K. Pater. His Honor called attention to the circumstance that prisoner had been committed on the charge of wilful murder, and he asked Mr. Pater if he was prepared to meet the reduced charge . . .


Vocalists and instrumentalists

Active Australia and New Zealand, 1830s-60s



Comedian, actor, vocalist

Born England, 17 November 1808; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, 9 July 1809, son of George BUCKINGHAM and Catherine GANNEY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid 1833
Married Ann Jane JESSOP (1819-1861), Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1834
Died Orange NSW, 25 April 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Ann Jane = Ann Jane GLOGOSKI; Mrs. Frank TOWERS)

Vocalist, ballad singer, pianist, entertainer, dancing instructor

Born Sydney, NSW, 7 October 1835, daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married (1) Samuel GLOGOWSKY [sic], Armidale, NSW, 29 January 1858
Departed Newcastle, 9 September 1862 (for Otago, New Zealand)
Married (2) Frank TOWERS (d. 1886), Sydney, NSW, 1882 ("Mrs. TOWERS" since late 1860s)
Died Whoro, India, 19 November 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, George (junior) (George Robert BUCKINGHAM

Comedian, actor, vocalist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 November 1839; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUCKINGHAM, Rosetta (Rosetta BUCKINGHAM; "Mrs. W. H. HAYES")

Born Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1842; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
(?) Married (common law) William Henry HAYES, Australia/NZ, c. 1862/63
Died (drowned) Croisilles Harbour, NZ, 19 August 1864


Born Auckland, NZ, 10 May 1847; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1895, aged 48

BUCKINGHAM, Conrad Sydney

Born Auckland, NZ, 8 December 1849; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1906

BUCKINGHAM, Henry Douglas

Born Auckland, NZ, 24 September 1852; son of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 September 1915

BUCKINGHAM, Emily Esther

Born Sydney, NSW, 1857; daughter of George BUCKINGHAM and Ann Jane JESSOP
Married Sydney LAMBERT, Dunedin, NZ, 30 January 1877
Died Parramatta, NSW, 1900

BUCKINGHAM, Arthur Stewart

Born Wollongong, NSW, 25 June 1860
Died New Lambton, NSW, 18 July 1837


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, in the year 1809; register, 1746-1812; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Buckinghgam / George [son] of George & Catherine / [born] Nov. 17 1808 / [baptised] [July] 9

[Letter] "To the editors", The Sydney Herald (18 July 1833), 2

"BIRTH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 October 1835), 3 

On Wednesday last, the 7th October, the wife of Mr. George Buckingham, the Comedian, of a daughter.

"BIRTH", Melbourne Times (13 August 1842), 3 

To-day the lady of Mr. G. Buckingham, Stephens street, of a daughter.

[Letter] "To the editors", Empire (17 September 1856), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, which will be opened under different management, and as puffing will not be resorted to, A. T. would merely mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity in endeavouring to render his saloon one of the greatest attractions in the city.
- Behold!!! All this Talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, Every Night for One Week, with other Artistes.
The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY AND TROUPE. Largest Operatic Company out of England.
Having at great expense engaged the following artistes:
- Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice;
Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso;
Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer;
Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist;
Miss Buckingham, the talented singer;
Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer;
Master G. R. Buckingham, the flute player;
Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer (called the Old Musketeer);
Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer (Paddy Malone);
Master H. Buckingham, the autical singer (Red, White, and Blue, &c.).
N.B. Artistes requiring engagements, will please apply by letter to
G. H. BUCKINGHAM, Toogood's Saloon.
WANTED, a Cornet Player.

"THE BUCKINGHAM FAMILY", Wagga Wagga Express (29 January 1859), 2

This very talented family arrived here on Saturday and played on the same night to a crowded house. at Mr. Byrnes' Hotel. Their fame came before them and therefore it was not to be wondered at, claiming as they did at a few hours notice, the numerous attendance that appeared in the saloon of the Hotel. This clearly demonstrates how the good people of' Wagga Wagga are desirous of patronising anything in the shape of genuine talent. It is needless to speak of their ability, as their claims have been acknowledged in every town and by every person who may have heard them. The public press also has been lavish in their praise. The precosity of the juvenile portion of the family are astonishing. Master Walter in particular, as the "Old Musketeer". There he may be seen with the violin, again at the flute, then at the. piano; in fact he seems au fait in whatever may come in his way. Then we have the picaninny, whose "Billy Crow" is the most comical thing our readers can imagine. "Barber Brown," "Beautiful Boy," "Paddy Malone," are all of the same class. His performance on the flute in company with his brothers is excellent. Again where shall we find a better player than the elder son George on the flute? Who can forget the exquisite tones in that beautiful melody "Home, sweet home," rendered by him, with others of a similar character. We must not forget to make particular mention of Miss Rosa Buckingham, whose performance on the piano, (which was kindly lent for the occasion by George Forsyth, Esq.), was excellent; she also sang the song of "Molly Asthore." On Wednesday evening the performance took place in the large ball room attached to Mr Fox's Squatters' Hotel, and notwithstanding the heavy rain the room was crowded . . .


"DIED", Illawarra Mercury (26 April 1861), 2 

At her residence, George street, Campbelltown on the 19th instant, Anne Jane, the beloved wife of George H. Buckingham, aged 44 years, leaving husband and nine children to mourn their loss.

"DEATH", Bells Life Sydney newspaper (3 May 1862), 3 

Died of Dysentry on 25th April at Orange Mr. G. H. Buckingham aged 66 years leaving a family of 9 children to mourn their loss.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (22 July 1862), 1331 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales, ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION.
In the Goods of George Harvey Buckingham, late of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, innkeeper, deceased.
NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to this Honorable Court in its Ecclesiastical Juiisdiction, that Letters of Administration of the goods, chattels, credits and effects of the abovenamed deceased, may be granted to George Robert Buckingham, of Maitland, the eldest son of the said deceased. -
Dated this 21st day of July, a.d. 1862.
W. H. MULLEN, Proctor for the said Applicant, By THOMAS ICETON, his Agent.

"SHIPPING", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 September 1862), 2 

Sep. 9.- Cincinatti, barque, 413, Hyde, for Otago, with 643 tons coal. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Glogoski and two children, Mrs. and Miss Buckingham and servant, Masters Buckingham (3), and Messrs. Dalton, Ridgeway, E. Conn, and G. Buckingham, and 5 in steerage. Ward and Co., agents.


Bibliography and resources:

Peter Downes [1990], "Buckingham, George and Buckingham, Rosetta", Te Ara (Encyclopedia of New Zealand) 

George Buckingham, one of the pioneers of theatre in Auckland, came to New Zealand from Australia late in 1843 on the City of Sydney, accompanied by his wife and three children . . . there is a strong probability that he was a freed convict. His career as an actor began in Sydney in 1832. He married Anne Jessop there on 21 July 1834 . . . George Buckingham senior returned to acting in late 1855 to partner the highly esteemed actress Mrs W. H. Foley for a few months in her Auckland debut season, but after a violent disagreement over money the couple parted company. The next few years were spent touring with the family group around the inland towns of New South Wales and Victoria. In 1861 the Buckingham Family entertainers turned up in Sydney, but without either mother or father. Anne Buckingham had died in Campbelltown, New South Wales, on 20 April 1861, probably outliving her husband. How and where George Buckingham [senior] died is not known [sic] . . .


Actor, dancer, vocalist, convict, tumbler

Born England, c. 1829/30, son of Thomas BUCKINGHAM (c. 1795-1847)
? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 12 November 1848 (convict per Ratcliffe, from Spithead, 29 July 1848)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by August 1853
Died Magill, SA, 16 July 1920, in his 92nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Edward Buckingham was tried for repeat petty thefts at Hastings, Sussex, England, on 11 July 1846. Found guilty of felony, he was sentenced to 7 years transportation. On arrival in Hobart as a convict on 12 November 1848, he gave his age as 20 and his trade as "servant and tumbler". He appears to have been assigned immediately to the circus proprietor Robert Avis Radford (c.1815-1865), and was already advertised to perform at Radford's Amphitheatre on 21 November. Buckingham sentence expired in July 1853, and he was in South Australia by August, billed as "son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres" on taking his first Adelaide benefit at the Royal Victoria Theatre in September.

If the London actor Thomas Buckingham was indeed Edward's father, he did not die when Edward was still a child, but in Lambeth Workhouse on 6 September 1847. According to the report of Edward's trial in 1846, he strenuously avoided giving any identifying details or potentially mitigating references, despite these being eagerly sought by the magistrate, concerning his family and other contacts in London. It is even possible, assuming that his father was already in straightened circumstances in 1846, that Edward actively contrived to be apprehended and transported.

Buckingham of course did not come out to Hobart for Anne Remens Clarke, as he stated in 1905; rather it was Charles Young, who he performed with in 1849, who came out to Hobart for Clarke in 1843. He cannot have appeared in Melbourne or Sydney in 1852-53, or visited "the diggings" then. His anecdote about the musicians Alfred Howson and his father Francis Howson probably correctly occurred in Hobart, where in 1848 the Howsons were playing for Radford. In Adelaide, he indeed performed at the Victoria for Harriet Lambert, and during the visit there of Lola Montez.

Edward Buckingham's convict record is unusually short on later detail. He was given permission to marry Sarah Reed, and did so on 26 November 1849. His only further offence, on 13 April 1850 he was apprehended for being at the Victoria Theatre without permission. He was granted a ticket-of-leave in mid 1851.

Buckingham's theatrical career seems not to have lasted beyond 1855.


"BOROUGH QUARTER SESSIONS", Brighton Gazette [England] (16 July 1846), 7

The Midsummer Sessions for this Borough were held on Friday, in the Town Hall . . . Edward Buckingham, a young man, pleaded Guilty to stealing, on the 16th June, in the parish of All Saints, two silk pocket handkerchiefs, one cloth cap, and one pair of black cloth trowsers, the property of Benjamin Coppard Betts. He was also charged with having, on the 11th June, stolen one silk pocket handkerchief, the property of John Betts, and again pleaded Guilty. A former conviction of felony was put in against the prisoner, who admitted that be was the party named in the certificate.
Recorder - Is there any one who knows anything you. Prisoner - No. Recorder - I have just seen a letter written by you, and so much as makes in your favour I will take, but some expressions I will pass by. Is there any thing you wish to say? Prisoner - I consider that a person who is guilty of perjury is deserving punishment the person convicted ot felony. There is that female . . . Recorder - We have nothing to do with that. Prisoner - That's all I wish to say. Recorder - I cannot allow you, after yonr conduct, to make any observations tending to impeach the evidence of a witness. Have you anything say to induce me to lighten the sentence? Prisoner - No, I am well deserving all. Recorder - Have you any friends here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Where are your relatives living? Prisoner - In London. Recorder - Have they any connections here? Prisoner - No. Recorder - Is there any one here to whom I could refer, to justify me in departing from the heavy sentence which I must otherwise pass? Prisoner - I don't know. Recorder - Are none of your relatives here, knowing the position you are in? Prisoner - I shouldn't like them to know it.
The Recorder, in passing sentence, said the prisoner had been guilty of most ungrateful conduct in robbing those who had generously assisted him in the time of trouble. I learn from your own statement (said the Recorder) that you have articles, not included in these charges, which you are desirous of restoring to their owners. I find from a certificate of the Clerk of the Peace that you were convicted in February last, at Lewes, of stealing two waistcoats, one shirt, four neckcloths, two pairs of stockings, two aprons, and one pair of trousers. You then had a light punishment; and now it remains for me to consider what sentence I shall pass upon you to deter you from further progress in crime, and so to prevent others from following your wretched example. I have earnestly made enquiries to ascertain whether I could find any person to give me hope as to your future conduct. I cannot overlook the fact that the former conviction was for stealing wearing apparel; I therefore find repetition of a similar offence after the lapse of a short time, which shews that the punishment you received for the first offence has not had desired effect. I cannot find, in the treatment of others towards you, that you have any grounds ot justification for your conduct; in fact, the circumstances under which the offences were committed are great aggravation. You have been treated with great kindness; and this is the return you make. That you have not erred from ignorance is quite clear, and I trust that the sentence I am about to pass will have the effect ultimately of making you good member of society. The sentence is that you be Transported beyond the seas for seven years ; and you will be Imprisoned at the Hastings Gaol for one week for the first offence.

"EXTRACTS . . . Death of Buckingham, the Comedian", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 January 1848), 1 

On Monday afternoon, September 6, Thomas Buckingham, the well-known comedian, expired in Lambeth Workhouse, after suffering great privation and distress, owing to infirmity and long-standing disease. On Saturday fortnight he was taken to Lambeth Workhouse, where he was removed into the infirmary, and received every attention from the officials, but gradually sank and died from general debility.

UK National Archives, ADM 101/63/4/3 

Folio 11: case no 39, Edward Buckingham, aged 20, convict; taken ill at sea; sick or hurt, diarrhoea; put on sick list 26 September 1848, discharged 2 October 1848 cured.

? Convict record, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377026$init=CON33-1-91p21$init=CON18-1-50P9 

Marriage permission, Edward Buckingham; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1245033 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 November 1848), 1 

RADFORD'S ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE. MURRAY-STREET. UNPARALLELED ATTRACTION!!! FIRST APPEARANCE OF Mr. BUCKINGHAM, from the Theatres Royal, London. THIS EVENING, THRUSDAY AND SATURDAY, The 21st, 234rd, and 25th instants . . . Comic Song, "The Beautiful Boy," MR. BUCKINGHAM, (His first appearance here.) . . .

"POLICE REPORT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (18 April 1850), 2 

Edward Buckingham and James Brignell, both holding tickets-of-leave, were charged by constable Barber with misconduct as prisoners of the crown in being in the Victoria Theatre at 10 o'clock on the night of Friday last, contrary to the Government regulations. Both were actors at the Theatre. Sentence - one month's imprisonment and hard labour, and then to be sent to reside in the country to cure their propensity for the "stock and buskin." As Shakespeare says in, Richard III, "so much for Buckingham."

? "Convict Department . . . TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 June 1851), 376 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 September 1853), 4 

MR. E. BUCKINGHAM, son of Mr. Thomas Buckingham, of the Surrey and Haymarket Theatres, begs most respectfully to inform his friends, and patrons of the Drama, that his BENEFIT is fixed for TUESDAY, SEPT. 20, on which occasion he trusts to meet with that patronage which it has ever been his study to merit. The Performance will commence with the celebrated Nautical Dram, by E. Stirling, Esq., entitled GRACE DARLING: or, THE WRECK AT SEA. Characters by the Company.
Comic Song - Mr. Johnson, from Vauxhall.
Highland Fling - Mr. Newson.
Song - Miss La Roche.
Comic Pas Seul - E. Buckingham.
Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - Master Bear.
To conclude with the Laughable Farce of HAVE YOU SEEN MY WIFE?
Characters by the whole strength of the Company . . .

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (4 November 1853), 3 

Edward Buckingham, described as a playactor, was charged with assaulting Mary Ann Fonsaker on Sunday last. The defendant, she said, beat her, bit her hand, and knocked a tooth out. In reply to Mr. Parker, she admitted that the defendant had left a gold ring in her possession; also that she had accused him of dishonest practices with his master, Mr. Radford, of the Temple Tap. A witness named Susanuah Brydon stated that she saw Buckingham throw the woman down, but he did not strike the complainant in her presence. Mr. Walker undertook to conduct the complainant's case, but the Stipendiary Magistrate intimated that the Court was of opinion he was not sufficiently instructed in the case, and declined to hear him. The Court fined the defendaut 40s. and costs.

"FROM STAGE TO SHEEP STATION. AN ACTOR TURNS SHEPHERD. AFTER FIFTY YEARS [By Bohemian]", The Register [Adelaide, SA] (2 June 1905), 6 

"This is Mr. Buckingham, Mr. Edward Buckingham," said Mr. W. R. Hunt as he introduced me to the subject of this interview. Mr. Buckingham, an old man with a kerchief tied around his neck, and with every appearance of having been some years in the back blocks, dropped his hat on the floor, a characteristic of those who live in the bush, and took a seat. Mr. Buckingham is an example of the Shakespearean expression that one man in his life plays many parts. Fifty years ago he was a smart man about town, and a good actor and dancer. To-day he is a shepherd, and at 76 years of age is "out of suits with fortune." But let him tell his own strikingly interesting story.

- Early Life. - "I am a son of Thomas Buckingham, one of the leading actors of the Surrey, Haymarket, and Olympic Theatres, London. I went on the stage when I was five years old. I was bringing my parents in three guineas a week before I was eight years old. That was £3 for them,and 3/- for myself. On my father's death I joined Frampton's pupils; we played ballets. When nine years of age, I played the Miser in "The Miser of Southward Ferry." In the afterpiece the same night I was the actor of all work. That was a pretty severe task for a child of nine years.

- To Australia. - Mrs. Clark took me from London to Hobart with Mr. Charles Young and Mrs. Thompson. We had not been at Hobart more than three months before Mrs. Clark eloped with the leader of the orchestra. Then I was thrown on my own resources. I went to Melbourne in 1852, and played at the Queen's Theatre, with Charles Young. After a visit to the diggings I proceeded to Sydney. I got an engagement under Madame Torney, at the old Victoria Theatre, Pitt street. I will never forget the ludicrous incident that happened the first night I went on. There was a young fellow named Alfred Howson, who was very fond of a practical joke. His father was leader of the orchestra, and he also played in it. Alfred had been out fishing, and he brought a fish hook to the theatre to carry out his nefarious little plan. Early in the evening he ran a piece of cotton with the hook attached from the curtain to the orchestra. When his father took his seat Alfred placed the hook in the wig which his parent wore. Then the curtain rose to plaintive music, and simultaneously the poor old man's wig went up into the air. The angry parent in his effort to reach his wig with his fiddlestick fell flop on the drum in the corner of the orchestra. There were roars of laughter from the gods, and the first scene was completely annihilated.

- In Adelaide - "Well, salaries were so small that I came to Adelaide. I was first a member of Radford's company, at the circus in Light square. Owing to the people leaving for the diggings the attendances became so small that the circus had to be closed. I next played at the old Victoria, under the management of Mrs. Harry Lambert. That was about 1854. Those were the good old days of melodrama . . .

"Obituary", West Coast Sentinel [Streaky Bay, SA] (17 July 1920), 2 

At the Old Folks' Home, Magill, last Friday morning, a very old identity of Streaky Bay passed away in the person of Mr. Edward Buckingham. The late Mr. Buckingham in his younger days followed the dramatic profession, and is reputed to have been an actor of no mean order. He came to the West Coast in the early days, and was for a great many years employed at the Flinders hotel. About four years ago, he realised that his great age prevented him from working, so decided to end his days at the Old Folks' Home. The late Mr. Buckingham was a general favorite in the district, and during the time he was in Adelaide was visited by a large number of West Coasters whom he was always pleased to see. He was a regular reader of "The Sentinel," and on more than one occasion said that its arrival cheered him up and reminded him of his old friends. The deceased was in his 92nd year.



Teachers of the Pianoforte, Italian and English Singing, Dancing

Active Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1841-42


[Advertising], The Courier (27 August 1841), 1

[Advertising], Colonial Times (16 August 1842), 1


Violinist, fiddler

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854; Geelong, VIC, 1860


"WHAT IS A MUSICIAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 June 1854), 5

What is a Musician? - In answer to a question put by the Chairman of Quarter Sessions during the trial of John Beck, to a witness named Bucknell, concerning the mode in which he earned his living, witness replied that he was a musician. The Chairman, "What is commonly called a fiddler?" Witness, - "Yes Sir."  It appears Bucknell procures a livelihood by playing the violin in the tap-rooms of public-houses.


Thomas Bucknell, fiddler, charged a female named Julia Fletcher, with robbiug him of 5s, by picking his pocket on Saturday night last. The musician stated that he engaged to fiddle during the whole night on Saturday night for 6s, for the amusement of a party given at Mrs. Birdwoods, near the old Telegraph office; that after performing his work to the satisfaction of all present, he was paid by the hostess the 6s for his trouble, which money he placed, in his outside coat-pocket, and took seat on a sofa alongside Miss Fletcher. The lady observing that he had had a glass or two, dived her hand into his pocket and abstracted five out of the six shillings, which she refused to return. The defence was that the money was handed to the female by Bucknell, and the story about her picking his pocket was trumped up. Case dismissed.

BUDD, Thomas

Bandmaster (late of the 46th Regiment; Naval Brigade; St. Francis's Band; Randwick Asylum Band), saxophone player ("for the first time in this colony"), composer

Active Maitland, NSW, by December 1868
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 October 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 December 1868), 1 

ROYAL OLYMPIC THEATRE. BOXING NIGHT, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26th. GRAND VOCAL & INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT In aid of the WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND FUND, When, in addition to the Band being of late rendered more efficient than ever it was before since its formation . . . several of the most talented local amateurs, chiefly members of the Volunteer Corps, have kindly given their services, and Mr. T. Budd, formerly Bandmaster of the 46th Regiment, has also tendered his services, and will perform, for the first time in this colony, on the celebrated new instrument, the Saxaphone, now becoming such a favorite in the old country . . .

"SYDNEY CORRESPONDENCE", The Maitland Mercury (5 June 1869), 2

On Monday evening the Philharmonic Society gave their first grand concert for the season, in the hall of the Exchange; the programme was an attractive one, and the spacious room was filled to the doors. Mr. Budd's (for the first time in Sydney) "Sax-a-phone", was evidently appreciated by the audience, who insisted upon an encore . . .

"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1869), 9

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1872), 5

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1874), 8

"NAVAL BRIGADE FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1874), 4

[News], Illustrated Sydney News (17 October 1874), 15

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1874), 4

BUDDEE, Julius (Julius Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE; Julius BUDDEE; J. BUDDEE)

Professor of Music, violinist, pianist

Born Berlin, Germany, 19 April 1823; baptised 27 April 1823, son of Christoph Friedrich Wilhelm BUDDEE and Ann Friedricke Henrietta ENGERS
Married Josephine Elise Henriette SCHROEDER (1823-1898), St. Jacobkircke, Berlin, 10 May 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 28 March 1849 (per Louisa, from Hamburg)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1849
Died Glebe Point, NSW, 9 September 1890, aged 67 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony and others)



"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (28 March 1849), 3

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 July 1849), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1890), 7

THE news of the death of Mr. Julius Buddee will be received with sincere regret in musical circles. For many years he was esteemed in Melbourne as one of the first among teachers of the pianoforte, besides being recognised as a truly artistic performer of classical music. Failing health led him to remove to Sydney some four years ago, since which time he has held a high place among the professional musicians of this city. Growing weakness has been apparent for some time, but he was sufficiently well on Monday to continue teaching throughout the day, and the announcement of his decease at about 3 a.m. yesterday caused no less surprise than sorrow.

[News], The Argus (29 September 1890), 5

BUIST, David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner ("from John Broadwood's")

Born London, England, 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 February 1849 (per Walter Morrice, from London)
Died Stanmore, NSW, 26 October 1876, in his 71st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, William David

Music retailer and publisher, pianoforte and harmonium maker, repairer and tuner

Died 14 November 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BUIST, Harry

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, George

Cabinet pianoforte maker

BUIST, Richard (? Harry)

Piano tuner


David Buist traded as "D. Buist and Sons", from 6 Bridge Street, from as early as 1852, with his eldest son William and another son Richard (? Harry) as partners.

Richard left the partnership in April 1855 and went into business by himself as a tuner; David and William continuing thereafter as "D. Buist and Son".

By October 1857 they had moved to 254 George Street, remaining there until after June 1862, relocating to 235 George Street by October 1862.

The firm was dissolved by the partners, David and his eldest son William, on 23 March 1874, after which William continued in business as "W. D. Buist".


New South Wales, List of immigrants per ship Walter Morrice, arrived 12 February 1849 (State Records NSW)

Buist, David, 42, Cabinet pianoforte maker, [native of] London; Ann, 42, wife, do.; Esther Ann, 20, Dressmaker, do.; William D., 18, Cabinet pianoforte maker, do.; Harry, 16, do., do.; George, 14, do., do.; [+ 3 more sons and 3 more daughters, aged 12 to 2]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1852), 1 

TO THE MUSICAL PUBLIC. D. BUIST AND SONS, Pianoforte Makers, Tuners, and Repairers, (sixteen years with Messrs. Broadwood and Sons,) No. 6, Bridge-street, beg to announce that they have on Sale some elegant and really superior PIANOFORTES . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1855), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1857), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1858), 1

Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED, CORNSTALK GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1859), 3

"ALARMING FIRE IN GEORGE STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1862), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1862), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1863), 5

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (3 October 1865), 3

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1866), 1

"LAW. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1874), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1876), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1888), 1

Musical publications (selected):

Good news from home ("Second Edition"; "As sung by Christie's Minstrels") (Sydney: D. Buist & Son's Pianoforte & Harmonium Warerooms, [? 1859-60]) 

Compare the almost identical first edition issued by Henry Marsh and Co. in 1859, followed by a Marsh "second edition" in November 1859)

The cornstalk galop ("Respectfully dedicated to his pupils, by Spagnoletti, R.A.") (Sydney: D. Buist and Son, [1859])

The cornstalk polka [Spagnoletti] ("as played every night at the Prince of Wales Theatre by Winterbottom's celebrated band") ([Sydney: D. Buist and Son, 1859]

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; "polka" probably a misprint for the above galop; c.f. the well-known Cornstalk polka by George Thornton)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 140-41 (DIGITISED)

BULCH, Thomas Edward (Mr. T. E. Bulch)

Musician, bandmaster, composer

Born 1862/3
Died Mascot, NSW, 13 November 1930, aged 67 (NLA persistent identifier)

Pseudonyms include:

Henri LASKI (from 1892), Arthur Godfrey, Eugene Lacosta, Arthur Laski, Godfrey Parker, Henri Laski, Pat Cooney, Carl Volti, Theo Bonheur, Charles Le Thiere.


"JUBILEE MARCH", Portland Guardian (10 June 1887), 2

"BRASS BAND CONTEST. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (3 October 1887), 6

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 October 1887), 1

"ROTUNDA CONCERT", South Australian Register (4 October 1887), 5

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 February 1891), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (13 August 1894), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1898), 4

"A.N.A. BAND CONTEST. A CHAT WITH MR. BULCH", The Advertiser (29 January 1902), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1930), 14

Musical works (pre-1901 include):

The Jubilee march (1887) 

Grand march, The giant (1887)

Grand march, The typhoon (1887)

Tonguing polka, The gumsucker (1887)

March, The battle of Eureka (1891)

Happy thoughts schottische 

Les fleurs d'Australie valse (composed by Henri Laski; arr. by Tom Howard) 

Postman's parade quick march 

Austral overture (by 1894); later printed edition (band parts) 

Bibliography and resources:

Eric S. Tomkins, Thomas Edward Bulch, musician: a family history (rev. ed.: Castle Hill: Author, 2009)


Music class instructor

Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1852


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (2 October 1852), 3 


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

. . . F. BULL (Pianoforte), Smith-St., Collingwood. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

BULLARD, Thomas Samuel

Warehousman, piano importer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Glebe, NSW, 13 April 1889, in his 89th year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1855), 1 

PIANO, by Broadwood, for SALE, at half-price. A bargain; do not delay. T. S. BULLARD, 58, Clarence-street, opposite Wynyard-terrace.

BUNCE, Charlotte (Mrs. James BUNCE)

Professor of Music, vocalist, teacher of piano and singing

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860s
Died Windsor, VIC, 9 August 1897, "a colonist of 58 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (14 August 1863), 2

. . . A new amateur presented himself [sic] last evening in the person of Mrs. James Bunce, who sang the beautiful and rather glowing song from Bishop Bid me discourse and sang it so well to be encored. Mrs. Bunce has long been known as an accomplished musician in private circles and her appearance in public last night proved that she has a faculty for pleasing a still larger circle.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (18 August 1863), 2

"CHRIST CHURCH ORGAN", The Star (15 November 1864), 2

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 44, 183

"PIANOS AND PIANISTS", The Ballarat Star (26 June 1888), 4 

. . . Mrs. Charlotte Bunce was a musician of sterling worth. Trained in the best Continental schools, it was something in those days to meet with so accomplished a woman. Adverse fortune and the loss of her husband forced her into the professional ranks, and for years she taught music and singing. Great brilliancy and a dashing style were her characteristics as a pianiste, with a truly artistic and sympathetic perception of the highest forms of music. In personal appearance she was exceedingly attractive; very tall and graceful, her every movement bespoke the true gentlewoman. She was also an accomplished linguist . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 August 1897), 1 

BUNCE. - On the 9th August, at her daughter's residence, Esca, Chomley-street, Windsor, Charlotte, relict of the late James Bunce, formerly of South Australia. A colonist of 58 years. Interred August 11.


Minstrel, serenader, delineator, musician, dancer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Peoria, Illinois, USA, 13 February 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Figaro", The Lorgnette (13 June 1882), 2 

The death from quick consumption is announced of Mr. Otto Burbank, the well-known negro minstrel, who visited this colony with the Backus Minstrels, opening in Melbourne at Coppin's Olympic Theatre on the 3rd of December, 1855. Early in 1861 he left Australia for London and shortly after returned to his native country, America. He died at Peoria, Illinois, on the 18th [sic] of February last, after an illness of a few weeks.

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 72 

Otto Burbank was one of the best jig dancers in the early minstrel days, likewise a good comedian. He was prominently identified with some of the best minstrel organizations, notably Collins' "Christy" Minstrels, in London, England, in 1862. He died at Peoria, Ill., February 13, 1882.

BURDON, George

Musician, ininerant musician, band musician, convict

Arrived Hobart Town, VDl (TAS), 16 July 1837 (convict per Blenheim, from Woolwich)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by late 1850

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Fletcher


George Burdon, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1377292; CON31/1/3$init=CON31-1-3p156 

"THE VAGRANT ACT", The Argus (12 December 1850), 2

Mr. Moor presided at the Police Court on Monday, and two or three cases under the Vagrant Act were brought before him. The first case was that of George Burdon, who was charged by Mr. Chief Constable Bloomfield with being a vagrant, having been fourteen days in Melbourne without having any other visible means of subsistence than that of going about from one public house to another playing "music" and asking alms. The defendant arrived from Van Diemen's Land in company with four others of the same stamp, who figured at the Collingwood election as "a band of musicians." When called upon to state how he obtained a living, Burdon said he brought about eight pounds with him from Van Diemen's Land, and that he had still three pounds left, that he was not aware that it was contrary to the law to play in public-houses; that he had been a fish hawker in Van Diemen's Land for ten years, and could produce many persons of respectability in Melbourne, who had known him in Launceston and Hobart Town; that he intended to follow the business of fish-hawker in Melbourne, and that he expected his brother, wife and family from Van Diemen's Land, with boats, masts, &c. Mr. Moor said he observed the man was described in the watch-house list as an "expiree," and he should like to know how the watch-house keeper had arrived at that conclusion. The watch-house keeper was conseqently sent for, and said that, although he had not asked the man any question upon the subject, he had no doubt whatever that he was an expiree, nor indeed could any man with the slightest experience of such characters be mistaken. Mr. Moor considered the watch-house keeper ought not to have put the man down as an expiree upon merely his own conclusions, and that however little doubt there might be on the subject, he ought at least to have asked the question, or ascertained the facts before having prejudiced the accused party by merely assuming that he was an expiree. The man admitted readily that he was an expiree; that he hoped he should be allowed another chance; that he intended to go to work and get an honest living. Mr. Moor then pointed out to him the third section of the Vagrant Act, which requires that persons having been prisoners in Van Diemen's Land should register their names within a week at most after their arrival here. The man said he would register himself at once, but the fact is that not a single register has been made since the Act was passed, and there is no book kept for the purpose, so lightly have the provisions of the Act been though of. Mr. Moor said people talked a great deal about convictism from Van Diemen's Land, but if the Act were enforced he thought it would in great measure put a stop to it. Mr. John Stephen said the Act had been disallowed. Mr. Moor replied that no official intimation of that assertion had been received, and until the Act had been officially disallowed it remained the law of the land. - The bench allowed the man "another chance." Another man named Charles Fletcher, one of the same sort as Burdon, was also charged with being a vagrant He admitted that music was his "profession." and that he had been brought up in it from infancy. He was cautioned in the same way as his friend had been, and discharged upon a distinct promise that he would eschew music for the rest of his life. There are several others of the same gang still at large who will be apprehended if they remain in town.


Alto vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1848


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (22 April 1858), 3 

. . . Mr. Burford's alto voice, though sweet, was unsuited to the place . . .

"SACRED CONCERT", Adelaide Times (7 September 1854), 3 

. . . We can only briefly refer to some of be more prominent features of this highly interesting entertainment, and amongst them we would mention as deserving of special praise the alto of Mr. Burford, which was eminently successful throughout . . .

BURGESS, Master (Master BURGESS; ? John BURGESS; ? Johnny BURGESS)

Juvenile vocalist, dancer

Active VIC, 1858-59; 1863-65

BURGESS, Joseph Bird

Violinist, orchestra leader, composer

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 19 June 1830
Married Margaret Susannah FOSTER (d. 1895), Bredhurst, Kent, England, 1 August 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 January 1853 (per Wandsworth, from London, 16 September 1852, aged 22)
Active Bendigo, VIC, by December 1855
Died Geelong, VIC, 20 March 1907, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 December 1855), 1 

GRAND OPENING BALL. WELLINGTON HOTEL. SEVENTH WHITE HILL, EPSOM . . . The Band will be under the direction of Mr. J. Burgess, late of Julien [Jullien's] Loden [? Loder's] Winterbottom's Band . . .

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (24 January 1856), 3

Sir - Will you be kind enough to allow me to correct an error that appeared in your issue of this morning, relative to my ball. The "Octavia Polka" was written by Mr. E. Salaman and not by me as you have stated. The "Casey Polka" was composed by me for the same occasion, and both Polkas were produced for the first lime, at the opening ball, Wellington Hotel, Epsom. Trusting you will excuse me for so far trespassing on your valuable space, I am. Sir. Yours obediently, JOSEPH BURGESS, Late of Mons. Jullien and Winterbottom's Bands. Epsom, 22nd Jan., 1856

"THE MASONIC BALL. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1859), 3

"OUR MUSICAL TALENT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 August 1859), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (21 March 1860), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 March 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (19 July 1870), 5

"NEW SONG", Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1870), 2

We have to acknowledge the receipt of the words and music of a new song, entitled " Rest, rest, thou gentle sea," composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama . . . We hear that two more songs of Mr Burgess' are in the hands of the publishers. He is also preparing a volume of his sacred compositions for the press, which is to be published by subscription.

[News], The Argus (11 November 1870), 5

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (25 March 1907), 5 

Many old colonists will regret to hear of the death of Mr. Joseph Bird Burgess, which occurred on Wednesday. Mr. Burgess, who arrived from England in the ship Wandsworth on 1st January, 1853, was a leading figure in the musical world of the infant settlement. In company with Herr Plock he contributed largely to the pleasure of the music-loving public of the Melbourne of those stirring times. In 1854 Mr. Burgess settled in Bendigo, joining Winterbotham's band, which catered so successfully for the old Bendigonians. Ten years later he removed to Echuca, where he made the acquaintance of many of the pioneer pastoralists of Riverina and the northern districts of Victoria. Mr. Burgess was also a musical composer of no mean merit.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1907), 6

Published works:

Rest, rest, thou gentle sea (new song, composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, by Joseph Bird Burgess, of Moama) ([Melbourne: Paling, 1870])

The stars sink one by one from night (song; the poetry from the Dublin University Magazine) (Melbourne: Troedel, [1870]) 

A selection of sacred music (composed, arranged & dedicated to Viscount Canterbury, KCB, by Joseph Bird Burgess) (? London: Chappell & Co., [? 1875-6]) 

La belle Christine (by Joseph Bird Burgess) (London: Chappell & Co., [n.d.]) 

The Ulupna Schottische ([?]: [?], [?]) 


Organist, pianist, piano tuner

Active Goulburn, NSW, 1852


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (29 May 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (26 June 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1852), 1 

R. BURGESS, (Organist of St. Saviour's, Goulburn), TUNER and REPAIRER OF PIANOFORTES, begs leave respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Braidwood and its vicinity, that his engagements will call him to that district on the 2nd of August.
Parties requiring his services are requested to intimate the same by addressing to him at the Doncaster Inn, as his engagements will oblige him to leave Braidwood on the 5th.
R. B. begs leave to say, that his intention in visiting this district is to execute the necessary tuning and repairing, at a moderate charge.
Simon's Hotel. Goulburn, July 23.

"BRAIDWOOD", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 July 1852), 5 

BURGH, Henry (Henry de BURGH)

Amateur vocalist, pianist, composer

Born 1816
Arrived Perth, WA, 21 July 1841 (per James Matthews, from London)
Departed Perth, WA, 1846 (for England) Died 1876


"FREEMASONRY", The Perth Gazette (28 December 1844), 2

The intervals between the toasts were occupied by the performance of some choice music, amongst which was an original glee for four equal voices, written for the occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, who presided at the piano. This very able production was beautifully sung by the brethren.


The usual Masonic toasts were given, and cordially responded to, accompanied by some excellent songs and glees, performed by several of the Brethren, and appropriate to the sentiment of each; among the rest, a Masonic glee, composed expressly for this occasion by Brother Henry Burgh, and which is acknowledged on all hands to be a composition of very great musical merit. A very beautifully executed copy of this glee was presented to Brother Hutt, and as it is unquestionably worthy of publication in any part of the world, we look to have the pleasure of some day seeing it in print, when we are sure it will become a universal favourite among the brethren.

"WESTERN AUSTRALIA", Freemason's Quarterly Magazine (30 September 1845), 369

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

Bibliography and resources:

Henry de Burgh's Diary (28 March 1841-3 February 1844, from England to the Avon Valley, WA)

The Celtic Lodge, Edinburgh and Leith, No.291, Extract of Minutes 1841 - 1846

28th November 1846 . . . Bro The Honourable Henry Burgh, Naas, Ireland, 712 Western Australia Lodge was admitted an Honorary Member of the Celtic Lodge.

Note: For an earlier Masonic Glee. see 2 pages after 472

BURKE, Peter Constantine

Piano tuner, professor of music (son of John Burke, A.R.A.M)

Born Drogheda, Ireland, c. 1831/5
Arrived Australia, 1853 (per Marco Polo)
Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1860
Died Laceby, VIC, 18 March 1901, "A colonist of 48 years", aged 65/69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

BURKE, Peter Constantine, junior

Piano tuner, pianist, amateur vocalist

Active northern VIC and southern NSW, by 1894, later QLD


[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (16 October 1880), 2

Piano Tuner. - Mr P. C. Burke announces in our advertising columns that he intends visiting Hay about 23rd inst. He bears first class testimonials, and is confidently recommended by Nicholson and Ascherberg as an excellent tuner.

[News], Euroa Advertiser (13 May 1887), 2

"Marriages", The Argus (2 April 1891), 1

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (26 April 1894), 2

Mr. P. C. Burke, junr., piano tuner, announces that he is at present on his periodical round through Narandera, Coolamon, Junee, and the Wagga districts, and may be expected in this town shortly.

"WANGARATTA", Benalla Standard (22 March 1901), 3

The death occurred at Laceby on Monday morning of Mr. Peter C. Burke, at the age of 65 years. He was born at Drogheda, Ireland, being the only son of Mr. John Burke, A.R.A.M., professor of music. He came to the colony when he was 20 years old, and followed the profession of music. He was well known throughout the North-Eastern District as a piano forte tuner. He was a resident of Killawarra, where he has reared a large family of sons and daughters. He was well known in the Benalla district, where the news of his death was much regretted.

"DEATH OF MR. P. C. BURKE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 March 1901), 11 

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 March 1901), 1

"CONCERT AT THOONA", Benalla Standard (27 August 1907), 3

"MRS. P. C. BURKE", Benalla Standard (1 June 1909), 2 

The death is reported as having occurred at her residence, Wangaratta, on Thursday last of Mrs. P. C. Burke, at the age of 76 years . . . The late Mrs Burke, who was well known and highly respected in this and the Samaria district was born in Glasgow in 1833. In 1852, with her uncle Captain Gilfillan, and his widowed sister. she came to Victoria in the ship Progress and the next year she was married by the late Canon Handfield at St. Peter's Church Eastern Hill, to the late Mr. P. C. Burke who for twelve months followed his profession as a musician. Then, accompanied by his wire, he visited a number of gold rushes, and finally they settled at Beechworth. Mrs. Burke's husband predeceased her about eight years ago, and after his death Mrs. Burke and her daughter Miss Marie Burke, resided in Wangaratta, Mrs. Burke was the mother of ten children, five of whom are living, viz Mr. P. C. Burke, of Ideraway, Queensland . . . The deceased lady was noted for her kindly and cheerful disposition, and her unostentatious charity. She was a most attentive and kindly mother, and sympathy is tendered to the members of the family in their deprivation. The remains were interred in the Wangaratta cemetery on Saturday.

BURKITT, Adelaide (Annie)

Pianist, teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1888
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 April 1945


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 July 1888), 12

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 April 1945), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 April 1945), 2

"MUSICAL SACRILEGE [To the editor]", The Argus (15 October 1942), 5


Louis Pabst (pupil of)

Percy Grainger (teacher of)

BURN, David (Edmund David BURN) ("Tasso Australasiatticus")

Playwright, songwriter

Born Scotland, c.1798/9
Active Australia 1826-29, 1830-36, 1841-45
Died North Shore, Auckland, NZ, 15 June 1875 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



David Burn - journal of a voyage from London to Hobart in the barque Calcutta (31 July to 22 November 1841), and journal (1 August 1844 to 19 February 1845); State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2 

Various references to music and musicians, military bands, church music, pianos, a fiddler (Dr. Munro, R.N.), a grand fancy ball (21 August 1844), as well as theatrical affairs, including mention (19 November 1844) of meeting "Mr. Griffiths, Mrs. Bushelle, and Madame Louise", and (18 February 1845) of an ememnded "song" he wrote out for Ann Ximenes, for Our first lieutenant

Plays, and fugitive pieces, in verse, by David Burn . . . vol. 1

Our first lieutenant and fugitive pieces, in prose, by David Burn . . . vol. 2

(Hobart Town: Printed by William Pratt; Published by S. A. Tegg, 1842)

Both volumes, copies at British Library, bound and digitised as one: 

Bibliography and resources:

D. H. Borchardt, "Burn, David (1799-1875)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966) 

BURNE, Hewetson


Active (? Queensland), 1886-92


"New Music", Queensland Figaro and Punch (12 February 1887), 3

Musical works:

The pioneer schottische, or, The alligator hop (by Hewetson Burne) (Melbourne : Gordon & Gotch, [1886/7]) ("Performed by the Band of the Grenadier Guards at the Colonial & Indian Exhibition, dedicated to the pioneers of Australia") 

There's something about 'er as fetches yer (written by Bert Royle; composed by Hewetson Burne) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [by 1892]) 

BURNS, William (alias Edward BYRNE)

Singing teacher

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1865


"A CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), 2

"ABDUCTION", Bendigo Advertiser (13 October 1865), s2

"CHARGE OF ABDUCTION", The Argus (23 October 1865), 6

BURNETT, George W.

Professor of music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1863


[Law reports], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1863), 5


Band sergeant (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Died Melbourne, VIC, 31 April 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 May 1857), 3

James Burnett, band sergeant of the 40th Regiment, died on Thursday morning from disease of the brain. The deceased, though comparatively a young man, served with the regiment at Candahar, Ghusnes, Cabul, and Maharajapore, and was decorated with a medal and bronze star.


Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)



Born Ottery St Mary, Devon, England, 1862
Arrived Australia, 1875
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1937


[birth and death details provided by a family historian]

"BRISBANE LIEDERTAFEL CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (5 November 1885), 6

"MARRIAGES", The Brisbane Courier (4 January 1886), 1

"The Deutscher Club . . .", The Brisbane Courier (6 February 1888), 5

[News], The Queenslander (23 June 1888), 965

Mr. Frank Burrough, the well-known flute soloist of this city, has just accepted an engagement in the orchestra of the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition. We learn that Mr. Burrough does not intend returning to Brisbane; his departure will therefore create a gap in the musical circle which will not be readily filled.

"THE ORCHESTRA", The Argus (2 August 1888), 5s


Centennial Orchestra (player)


Schoolmaster, teacher of vocal music

Active Launceston, TAS, by February 1853
Died Warrnambool, VIC, 24 July 1881, aged 58


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1853), 87

MR. D. BURSTON. from St. John's College, Battersea, London, respectfully begs to inform the inhabitants of Launceston and its vicinity, that he will open the School Building situated in Franklin-street, on Monday next, the 31st January, to commence the following course of instruction to youth in the above-named locality;- Reading, Spelling, Writing, Dictation, Arithmetic, Composition, Grammar, Geography, Map Drawing, Vocal Music, (Sewing, Knitting and Marking, to girls) &c. Terms:- . . . An Evening Singing Class will be formed for Ladies and Gentlemen in the centre of the town as soon as the names of parties have been received, on Professor Hullah's, or the sol. fa. system. Terms, £1 1s. per quarter.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (21 April 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 June 1853), 6

"ST. JOHN'S SCHOOL", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (29 August 1857), 5

"WARRNAMBOOL", The Argus (26 July 1881), 6

"DEATHS", Illustrated Australian News (24 August 1881), 158

BURTON, Henry (also worked under alias Blythe WATERLAND)

Vocalist (Waterland's Ethiopian Serenaders, &c), showman, circus performer, proprietor of Burton's Band

Born Lincolnshire, England, c.1823
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 December 1849 (per Constant, from London)
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1850
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 9 March 1900, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (26 December 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 2

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1850), 1

"BLYTHE WATERLAND'S SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury (29 May 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1850), 1

"MUDGEE", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1852), 3

Mr. Burton's band ably performed their part as musicians, relieved occasionally by some of the ladies, who sung, and played upon the piano to admiration. Mr. Nathan, from Sydney, likewise played and sung to the great delight of the company.

"THE CIRCUS", The Courier (5 May 1855), 3

The Circus in Murray-street will be opened on Monday evening next. The manager of the present troupe is Mr. Burton, already so well in in the colonies for the highly respectable and proper manner in which the performances under his management have been conducted. He is best known under his American cognomen, Blythe Waterland.

"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Tuesday. November 4. Before Dr. Walker, J.P., and Mr. Lachlan Macfarlane. J.P. Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same. Henry Burton, sworn, said the defendants, who had played for him in Victoria, were engaged by his agent to play for him in Adelaide and South Australia at £16 per week, their own terms (agreement put in and acknowledged). That the day before the Circus left Port Adelaide, after they had received their week's wages, £16 (receipt put in), they said they would not go into the country with witness, unless he paid them £3 per week extra. . . . The defendants were ordered to return to their duties and pay the costs, or to be committed to Gaol for one month. They paid the costs and promised to return to their duties.

"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (19 September 1859), 2

"DRAGGED", South Australian Register (22 November 1869), 2

"MR. HENRY BURTON, MR. ROBERT TAYLOR", Australian Town and Country Journal (11 July 1874), 24

Our first recollections of Mr. Burton's public life extend back some years. In 1847 he appeared professionally as Mazeppa in Cook's circus, in the city of Edinburgh . . . Mr. Burton's first connection with amusements in these colonies commenced in 1851, in which year he introduced the first company of serenaders, known as Blythe Waterland's Troupe . . . the name of Burton has been so intimately associated with circuses that it's only necessary to say that he has traversed the whole of the settled parts of the continent from Rockhampton on the north, to Adelaide on the west; and during his travels he has gone many thousands of miles by land and sea, and though he has met at times with serious reverses through impassable roads, drought, bad seasons, and all the other ills that can attend the Australian traveller, Mr. Burton has always merited the respect and patronage of the public, and has given over two thousand pounds to the charities of the colonies.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 March 1900), 1

"MR. HENRY BURTON", Bathurst Free Press (19 March 1900), 3

MR. HENRY BURTON, who was well-known in the early days as the proprietor of Burton's Circus, died at the Dramatic Homes on March 9, and was buried in the St. Kilda Cemetery. Mr. Burton, at one period of his life, had become fairly wealthy, and in his opulence he acquired quite a reputation for his extensive charities. He afterwards met with reverses (says a Melbourne paper), and about eighteen months ago found shelter in the institution for which he himself had done so much.

Bibliography and resources:

Ruth Teale, "Burton, Henry (1823-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)


Pianist, piano player

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1859


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 March 1859), 1 

TO SEE JOHNNY BURGESS, Dance, acknowledged, without doubt, the Greatest Dancer in the World.
MR. SHARP, Stands Unrivalled as a Banjoist.
MR. J. A. PICCO, The Australian Paganini, and Soloist on various Instruments.
MASTER BURGESS, Still gains Laurels as a Juvenile Vocalist.
Pianist - MR. BUSH.
Leader - Mr. J. A. Picco.
Admission Free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Johnny Burgess (dancer); Henry Sharp (banjo); J. A. Picco (multi-instrumentalist)

"THE GLASS BLOWERS", Bendigo Advertiser (14 November 1868), 2 

BUSHELL, Rebecca


Born c. 1821
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1840 (per Thirteen)
Died West Hindmarsh, SA, 8 December 1893, in her 73rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATH OF MRS. BUSHELL", The Advertiser (11 December 1893), 5 

Mrs. Rebecca Bushell, one of the oldest residents of Hindmarsh, and at one time prominent vocalist in Adelaide, died on Friday at her residence, West Hindmarsh in her 73rd year, after a long illness. The deceased lady, who was highly respected, was the relict of the late Mr. John Waller Bushell whose father (Mr. John Farr Bushell) was an officer on board the Defiance under Lord Nelson at Trafalgar. Mrs. Bushell arrived in South Australia with her husband in the brig Thirteen on June 13, 1840, after a voyage of six months. She was a leading soprano in the Adelaide Philharmonic Society many years ago. For several years she resided at what is now known as the St. Joseph's Convent, Brompton, and for a considerable time has been a resident at West Hindmarsh, nearly the whole of her colonial life being spent in what is now known as the town of Hindmarsh. Her remains were buried the Hindmarsh Cemetery on Saturday afternoon, when a good number of persons, including some old colonists, assembled to pay their last token of respect to the deceased lady . . .



BUSHELLE, John (senior)

BUSHELLE, John Butler (junior)

BUSHELLE, Tobias Vincent

See main entry

Eliza and John Bushelle and family

BUTLER, Madame (Mrs. William Butler DAVIS; performed as Madame BUTLER; Madame Butler DAVIS)

See Emily Geraldine DAVIS


Correctly = H. W. RUXTON

BYRNE, Mrs. (Mrs. BYRNE)


Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


"CHRISTMAS EVE IN SANDHURST", Bendigo Advertiser (27 December 1858), 3 

. . . In the "Victoria" we listened with pleasure to the singing of Mrs. Byrne and Master Burgess. The former sang tastefully, and was encored by a crowded audience; Master Burgess sang some of Russell's melodies in a style that would have earned fame for an older and much more experienced performer. The presiding genius, at the piano accompanied the vocalists efficiently . . .

BYRNE, George (alias)

Violinist, musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (27 September 1856), 6

"INDECENT ASSAULT", The Argus (30 September 1856), 5

"A TWO FOOTED BEAST", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1856), 3

The person described on the charge sheet, under the assumed name of George Byrne, but who is really a German, and one of the first violinists in the colony, and who was convicted at the City Police Court on Friday, of grossly indecent conduct towards two girls attending the Collingwood National Schools, was again brought up on Saturday. The prisoner had been remanded in consequence of it being understood that there were several more cases against him . . .

BYRNE, Stephen

Trombonist (honorary secretary, Hallas's Band), printer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1860


"MUNICIPAL POLICE COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (15 May 1860), 2

"PRESENTATION TO CAPTAIN SKENE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1863), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (18 November 1865), 2

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