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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–M (Me-My)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–M (Me-My)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 31 March 2020

- M - (Me-My)


Vocalist, minstrel, "American serenader", actor, manager

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1847-51
Active Melbourne, VIC, by May 1851; Geelong, VIC, by November 1851
Died (suicide), Geelong, VIC, 4 August 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 May 1847), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . MAY 28, 1847 . . . an entirely new and local PANTOMIME, entitled TRANSPORTATION, Or, HARLEQUIN IN VAN DIEMENS LAND . . . Pantaloon - MR. MEADOWS . . .

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (22 May 1851), 3 

QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . Mr. MEADOWS will appear as the CONGO MINSTREL, And sing some of the favourite Ethiopian Melodies, accompanying himself on the bone castanets . . .

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (8 July 1851), 3 

QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . Comic Song, "SOLOMON LOBBS" By Mr. Riley, with Drum Accorapaniment; Nigger Song, "JIM BROWN" By Mr Meadows, with Saucepan-lid accompaniment . . . ETHIOPIAN MINSTRELS, And sing some of the favourite NEGRO MELODIES. Tambo, Mr. Riley. Bones, Mr. Meadows . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL GEELONG", Geelong Advertiser (10 November 1851), 2 

. . . After the play, Mr. Meadows, their incomparable and accomplished American Serenader, will intoduce Negro melodies, accompanied by the celebrated Bone Castanets . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (5 August 1862), 2

We regret to announce that Mr. George Meadows, late lessee of the Theatre Royal, Geelong, destroyed himself yesterday morning by taking a dose of strychnine. It appears he has labored under considerable pecuniary embarrassment of late; and had conceived the idea that he was spurned and discountenanced by his old friends. He has left a widow who is in daily expectation of again becoming a mother, with four young children, one of whom is sorely afflicted, without any means of subsistence. To the charitable and humane we commend their case. An inquest will be held this day on his remains.

MEARES, Mr. and Mrs.


Active WA, by 1832


Martin Doyle (ed.), Extracts from the letters and journals of George Fletcher Moore (London: Orr and Smith, 1834), 141 

27th [January 1832] ... On Monday evening I left my place with a fishing basket on my back to go to Perth by Guildford, and lost my way, but reached the latter place an hour after sunset. Next day called on the Meareses, and helped to put up their grand piano in its place, and was promised some music for my pains. Stayed to dine ...


George Fletcher Moore

MEARES, Thomas


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1832


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 July 1831), 2

Thomas Meares (the bell-man) was tried for stealing 2 figs of tobacco, the property of Mr. Cook, and acquitted.

MEARS, Sarah

Vocalist, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1842; until 1850


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE SATIRIST", The Satirist and Sporting Chronicle (4 February 1843), 3

"THEATRIRCALS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1848), 2 

Our crowded space forbids a lengthy critique this week on "things theatrical;" nevertheless, we cannot refrain from briefly adverting to the very favourable impression made on Monday evening last by Miss Mears, of the corps vocale, who, in the character of a youthful savoyard, in William Tell, introduced that delightful Swiss Melody, "I'm a merry Switzer Boy" with marked success. This pains-taking and clever young lady, was a pupil, we believe, of Mr. Nathan and Mrs. Bushelle.

"THE REVOLT OF THE WILIS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (8 April 1848), 2

... little Sarah Mears found that she had all the parts to herself, and by her skilful adaptation of the awkward circumstance, afforded good promise for the future ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1850), 2 

MEGSON, Joseph Milner

Professor of Music, violinist, orchestra leader, organist, music-seller, composer

Baptised Holy Trinity, Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England, 5 February 1822
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 22 November 1842 (per Royal Saxon, from London and Cork)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 15 August 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to a report on his death, "Joseph Megson, professor of music, [died at Melbourne Hospital] aged 47, native of Yorkshire; arrived in 1834 by the Royal Saxon; died August 15 [1870], of hepatic." However, while the ship is correct, the year was 1842, and, as stated in his first advertisement in Launceston in December 1842, Megson had just arrived from England. He was based in Tasmania until 1850, then largely in Melbourne. Megson frequently performed solo violin variations in concerts.

He is also documented as composer of songs and dances, all lost, including I knew him in his childhood (song; words: Mr. Reynolds) in Melbourne in January 1850, New song ("Written by Mr. Belfield, and the music composed by Mr. Megson"), in July 1850, Quadrille The prince of Wales ("Vocal Finale composed by J. Megson"), in August 1859, and The pretty coquette ("composed expressly for the occasion"; words; Mr. Cox) in Hobart in January 1855.

His one surviving work is the Excelsior polka ("Composed, and most respectfully dedicated to his friend, J. F. Jones, Esq."), named after the Excelsior Hotel, Melbourne, and published by himself in Melbourne in March 1860.

In August 1860 he attempted to commit suicide, and in April 1861 was newly insolvent.


"Shipping Intelligence", Launceston Examiner (23 November 1842), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Courier (12 December 1842), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (15 December 1842), 3

"CONCERT", Launceston Advertiser (2 February 1843), 2

"ORGANIST", Launceston Examiner (12 July 1845), 3

"ST. JOHN'S CHURCH ORGANIST", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 July 1845), 2

"ORGANIST OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 July 1845), 15

"ORGANIST OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 July 1845), 24

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (12 June 1846), 3

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Examiner (10 July 1847), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 July 1850), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (28 August 1850), 7

"CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (31 August 1850), 6

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (11 September 1850), 7

[Advertisement], The Courier (25 January 1855), 2

"NEW POLKA", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 March 1860), 3

"ATTEMPT TO COMMIT SUICIDE", The Argus (10 August 1860), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (29 April 1861), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 August 1870), 4

"MISCELLANEOUS", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 September 1870), 16

"DEATHS IN MELBOURNE HOSPITAL", The Argus (10 September 1870), 2s


Professor of music, pianist, organist, orchestral conductor, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1876 ("recently from Paris, late of the Conservatoire")  
Departed Adelaide, SA, April 1882
Died Naples, Italy, 4 June 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1876), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1877), 1

"SUMMARY OF NEWS FOR TRANSMISSION ...", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1877), 7

"MONS. MEILHAN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1877), 4

It remains to speak of Mons. Meilhan's own composition, which certainly formed some of the most interesting features of the concert. The first was a fantasia for pianoforte with orchestral accompaniment. To this Mr. Moss did full justice, though he was rather overweighted by the orchestra ... the matter of accompaniments ... is mentioned now because it affected seriously the performance both of the piano solo and of the vocal quartet. Mons Meilhan's overture "The Misers" has already been favourably noticed, and it is, and should become, the bienvenu at all concerts here. Last evening M. Meilhan also introduced the first number in the opera, which, it is satisfactory to know, is nearly ready for production. This first number is a duet in which the leading tenor and soprano, who according to rule, are the hero and heroine, give some idea of the plot they have against the old miser, who is the heroine's father ... The quartet referred to is a more ambitious effort, and deserves another hearing before pronouncing a definite judgment upon it. It contains abundance of harmony, and the composer has undoubtedly devoted great care to his work, while he evidently enjoys the full orchestration which surrounds the voices. Indeed Mons. Meilhan imposes no slight task on the instruments in any of his compositions. He writes apparently for each instrument as if it were a speciality, and expects each one to do its duty.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1879), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1879), 2

"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1879), 6

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1879), 7

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1879), 2

"M. MEILHAN'S HISTORICAL CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 August 1880), 8

"MONS. MEILHAN'S SOLEMN MASS", South Australian Register (23 December 1880), 6

"M. JULES MEILHAN, B.A.", The South Australian Advertiser (29 March 1882), 5

The farewell matinee concert tendered by the members of the Adelaide String Quartet Club to M. Meilhan, on the eve of his departure from South Australia for Italy, and which is advertised to take place on Thursday afternoon, March 30, at the Academy of Music, promises to be a great success, both in points of quality and attendance. The large circle of friends that M. Meilhan has gained during his residence in this colony, privately and professionally, will not allow him to take leave without testifying to their admiration of his abilities (both as a composer and as an instrumentalist) in some tangible form ... Although he has only resided in Adelaide for two years, M. Meilhan has during that time thoroughly ingratiated him self with all musical circles, and whether in the capacity of performer, composer, or instructor, he has invariably given his aid on all occasions when his services have been required. As a musician he has reigned supreme during his stay amongst us. His performances and compositions have always been successfully carried out, and the example he has set in forwarding the musical interests of the city has given an impetus to the somewhat lukewarm appreciation of high-class music that unhappily exists in Adelaide, and has otherwise effected a considerable amount of good that merits public recognition. M. Meilhan has stayed in the colonies for seven years, five of which he spent in New South Wales. During this period he has composed several pieces, amongst which the best known to our readers will be his choral and orchestral solemn mass, the Exhibition Cantata, and two orchestral marches. Besides these he has composed several pianoforte studies, and a few songs, four movements of symphonies, four orchestral overtures, two small operettas in one act, one small opera comique, and a sacred mass for bass solo, choir, and orchestra. In addition to these. M. Meilhan has lately composed a 1st Quartet in D minor, which he has dedicated to the Adelaide String Quartet Club, and which will be performed for the first time on Thursday at the Academy. We have had an opportunity of examining this work, which is of more than average merit, and considering that the author only commenced it early last month and finished it on March 9, the composition affords another strong proof of the high musical abilities possessed by the composer. It is quite original, and for a first attempt will be highly thought of by the critics who hear it on Thursday. As a composition it is hardly as meritorious as the Solemn Mass, which, it may be remembered, was performed with great success in the Town Hall on Christmas Day, 1880, and on Good Friday, 1881; but as the two subjects are so entirely dissimilar it is perhaps hardly fair to draw any comparison between them. The work under notice is in four movements; the first, allegro vivo, treated in the sonata form; i.e., with the two principal subjects exposed, first singly and then developed thematically, and by means of double counterpoint circulating freely through the four instruments, is scarcely as meritorious as the other three. The second repeat of this movement is certainly superior to the first, there being considerably more freedom of form, whereas the introduction seems a trifle stiff. The second movement, andante, to which the composer has added the word madrigale, is from a technical point of view undoubtedly the best in the work. Each instrument moves melodically throughout in canonic imitation, like voices in a vocal concerted piece, and the harmonics are carefully studied and good. This movement is in F, with a secondary subject in D major. The third movement, scherzo moderato, is a sort of dispute, so to speak, between the four instruments, but chiefly between the first violin and cello. This effect is obtained by means of a double counterpoint closely written. The subjects are occasionally reversed, i.e., when the notes of one part are ascending at certain intervals the notes of the other part progress downwards at the same intervals, and vice versa. This movement is the most elaborately written of the four, though we prefer the compilation of its predecessor. The fourth movement-finale, vivace masquerade, is in complete contrast to the others. It is in the rondo style, and consequently more free than the first and third. The subjects are taking, though there is nothing particularly new or striking about them. Towards the end there are some curious passages, in which the subjects of the other movements occasionally seem to creep in miscellaneously in recapitulatory style. The finale is very good. It is somewhat difficult to thoroughly judge of the merits of a composition without hearing it performed, though a fairly correct idea may be obtained from an inspection of the manuscript. That the quartet by whom it will be treated will do it justice cannot be doubted, and we opine that M. Meilhan's Opus No. 1 will be very favorably received. Amongst the pieces to be performed on Thursday is Hummel's concerto in A minor by double quartet, which in itself, if well performed, will be a great treat, and M. Meilhan himself will appear twice in piano solos, the selections he proposes to play being: (a) Romance in D (Heller); (b) "Danse des fees" (Prudent). 2. (a) Arabesque (Schumann); (6) "Mazurka des Salons" (Meilhan). M. Meilhan sails for Naples, where he intends resuming his professional duties, in about ten days' time, and it is gratifying to know that his medical advisers are of opinion that his visit to Australia has permanently benefited his health.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (11 July 1882), 4

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (15 July 1882), 16

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1882), 5

A SHORT time ago a telegram from South Australia announced the death, at Naples, of M. Jules Meilhan, who was well known in Sydney as a pianist, and who was as much liked for his amiable disposition as appreciated for his musical talents. From letters received by the last mail we learn that he was under the impression that the journey from Adelaide to Italy had improved his health, and he was sanguine of his future. His parents arrived from France to greet him. He received them with exuberant joy, but the excitement was too much for him; a blood vessel in the lungs burst, and he died in less than fifteen minutes. His numerous friends in Sydney will not fail to sympathise with his widow, who, with their adopted child, purposes to return to France.

Musical works:

Grand march Advance Australia (1879)

Exhibition march (Adelaide: S. Marshall, [188-]) 

Les avares no. 3 (song) (The Australian magazine no. 2 music supplement) (Sydney: E. Cyril Haviland, 1880) 

Messe solennelle (à 4 voix et orchestre) ([?]: Lissarrague, [?]) 

Other works:

"On music (lecture by M. Jules Meilen)", Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 12 (1878), 281-92

Bibliography and resources:

"Meilhan, Jules (?-1882)", Obituaries Australia 

MEILLON, Teresa (Miss Teresa CURTIS; Mrs. John MEILLON; Mrs. Theo BOESEN)

Pianist, pupil of Boulanger, piano teacher

Go to main page Harry Parsons and his Curtis family descendents 

MELBA, Nellie (Helen Porter MITCHELL; Mrs. Charles ARMSTONG; Madame MELBA)

Soprano vocalist

Born Richmond, VIC, 19 May 1861
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 23 February 1931 (NLA persistent identifier)


Bibliography and resources:

Jim Davidson, "Melba, Dame Nellie (1861-1931)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Soprano vocalist

Born Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19 January 1851
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 23 July 1875 (on the City of Melbourne, from San Francisco)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, August 1876
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 5 June 1882 (on the City of Sydney, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1884
Died San Francisco, CA, USA, 20 May 1932"Emilie+Melville" (TROVE search)



"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1875), 4

"THEATRICAL MEMORANDA: ENGLISH AND AMERICAN", The Australasian (20 June 1868), 19

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (28 August 1875), 20

... Bidding "bon voyage" to Madame Ristori, we have to welcome Mr. W. Lyster, who restores to us Giroflé and Girofla, those twin sisters who left so favourable an impression upon the music-loving public of Sydney. But Girofle la premiere in the person of Miss Clara Thompson returns no more, and Girofla la seconde appears in the person of Miss Emilie Melville, and this lady has already made a favourable impression upon the public mind. With a delicate and somewhat petite form, and an intelligent, if not pretty face, this young lady made her first appearance in a blue satin saque of the most extensive style, and was warmly received by the expectant audience. She was at first slightly nervous, but soon succeeded in regaining her composure, and sang the air "Dearest Papa" very effectively, and was warmly applauded. Her change of costume from blue to pink was very rapidly effected, and her reappearance on the stage again the signal for applause. She sang the second portion of her song more confidently, and consequently better than the first. On her re-appearance in her bridal costume, which although very rich in appearance was in the style of the most extravagant recent fashion - having an immense train, which only served to impede the movements of the actress herself as well as those who had in any way to approach her, in fact, the whole dress seemed really too weighty for the fragile-looking lady who wore it. Miss Melville seemed fully able to do justice to the music aa well as the dialogue of the character, and by her expressive by play added much to the excellence of the varied scenes. Her voice is very clear, and her musical ability of no mean order, while her very distinct enunciation may be commended as a study to many in the same profession. Altogether this young lady may be regarded as an acquisition to Mr. Lyster's talented company . . .

"Amusements", Evening News (6 September 1875), 2

"SHIPPING GAZETTE", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (26 August 1876), 270

"OUR LETTER HOME", The Australasian (2 September 1876), 17

"ARRIVAL OF THE CALIFORNIAN MAIL AT SYDNEY", The South Australian Advertiser (5 June 1882), 5

"VICTORIA", Australian Town and Country Journal (20 September 1884), 12

The troubles of Miss Emilie Melville are over. She was to have been examined to-day, but trustees forwent by arrangement, and the actress will be enabled to leave with her company for India on the 23rd instant, unmolested.

"MELBOURNE", Mackay Mercury and South Kennedy Advertiser (1 October 1884), 2

An inquest was held to-day on the body of a youth named Smart, who drowned himself in the River Yarra, for love of Miss Emilie Melville. The deceased was only 15 years of age.

"A Disastrous Trip", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (8 December 1884), 2

SYDNEY, Saturday. News has been received that during the trip of the Emilie Melville Company to India, Mrs. Farley, wife of the well-known basso, and a Mrs. Scott, one of the chorus, died, and Mr. Van Ghile [Ghele], the conductor, went mad. Verdi, the baritone, was struck down with fever, and it was reported that he also had died, but the rumour has been contradicted. It is also said that when the letter containing this sad news was read, Emilie Melville herself had been seized with fever, and was lying in a delirious and dying state.

"Miss Emelie Melville", Table Talk (19 June 1891), 16

"MISS EMILIE MELVILLE", The Australasian (4 February 1911), 30

... Miss Melville first came to Australia in 1875, and made her initial appearance on October 6 in "Girofle-Girofla" at the Opera house, and at once became an immense favourite, by the vivacity of manner, naturalness of her acting, dainty humour, and admirable command she held over her sweet, flexible, and well-trained voice. In short, she took Melbourne by storm. She was the original Serpolette in "Les Cloches de Corneville," and she played in "Boccacio," "The Grand Duchess," and "The Royal Middy." She returned to Australia in 1882, and played "La Perichole," "Les Cloches de Corneville," and "Boccacio" with all her old charm.

"EMELIE MELVILLE', Sunday Times (16 March 1913), 22

"REMINISCENCES OF THE STAGE", Referee (29 August 1917), 14

Bibliography and resources:

Fergus Hume, The mystery of a hansom cab (1886), modern edition online

... Fitzgerald found Madge seated at the piano in the drawing-room playing one of Mendelssohn's Songs without Words. "What a dismal thing that is you are playing, Madge," he said lightly, as he sank into a seat beside her. "It is more like a funeral march than anything else." "Gad, so it is," said Felix, who came up at this moment. "I don't care myself about 'Op. 84' and all that classical humbug. Give me something light - 'Belle Helene,' with Emelie Melville, and all that sort of thing." "Felix!" said his wife, in a stern tone ...

MELVYN, James Hadock (J. H. MELVYN_

Minstrel (Christy Minstrels), musician, vocalist, violinist, viola player, teacher of music

Born Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, c.1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1863
Died Launceston, TAS, 1 March 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1863), 8

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Freeman's Journal (6 May 1863), 6

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", The Mercury (12 June 1863), 2

"GRAND CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 September 1872), 2

"DEATH OF MR. ANTHONY NISH", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 December 1874), 2

Anthony Nish, born in the Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, was a schoolfellow of Mr. J. H. Melvyn, now of Launceston, and they were members of the same choir. Nish went to America when young and returned to England with the original Christy Minstrels- managed by Rayner and Pierce. They were joined by Mr. Melvyn and made a brilliant and highly successful tour through the three kingdoms, and then went on the continent. They had the honor of performing before the late Emperor Maximilian at the Tulleries.

"CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Launceston Examiner (8 May 1875), 5

"THE LATE J. H. MELVYN", Launceston Examiner (2 March 1876), 2

"DEATH OF MR. J. H. MELVYN", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 March 1876), 3

For some months Mr. James Hadock Melvyn, the well-known professor of music, has been in failing health, and on Wednesday he died at his residence in the Quadrant. Mr. Melvyn first arrived here as a member of the Original Christy Minstrels, and about ten years ago he returned, accompanied by late late Mr. Linley Norman and Miss Liddle. Both gentlemen settled here, following the musical profession. Mr. Melvyn was for years choir master of the choirs at Trinity and St. Paul's churches, Launceston. He was leader of one Launceston Choral Society, and of the Orpheus Musical Union. He has taught ladies in the highest families in the northern districts in singing. He has taken a leading part in very many of the best concerts given in Launceston. Having been a choir singer when a boy at, we believe, the Durham Cathedral, he was passionately fond of high class church music. He conducted the music at the opening of the new Protestant Church at Evandale, and the Church of Holy Trinity at Westbury. Mr. Melvyn had been a most successful puller at regattas in the old country, having been born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, and he was possessed at the time of his death of seven silver cups and trophies, which he valued highly as testimonials of his prowess in his younger days. We believe he never married, or probably his life would have been prolonged far beyond the age at which he died 40 years. He has been present at every regatta at Launceston, Longford, and Perth, except the last one, since he took up his abode here. Mr. Melvyn was a genial, kind hearted, amiable man. A gentleman who never said a word or performed an act offensive to any of the numerous delicate minded young ladies he had the honor to teach the art of singing. Of all the wide range of friends and acquaintances Mr. Melvyn made in this colony, we believe not one will hear of his decease without feeling a pang of regret ...

"THE LATE J. H. MELVYN", Launceston Examiner (4 March 1876), 5 

MENZIES, Maggie = Madame ELMBLAD


Soprano vocalist (pupil of Madame Sara Flower and Mr. Coleman Jacobs)

Active Melbourne, VIC, May 1861 to April 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 May 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (4 May 1861), 4

The event of the evening was the successful debut of Miss Isoline Mercante. Her appearance and manner are decidedly engaging, at her voice is a rich soprano, clear and bell-like in its tones, and which, with practice, will probably acquire great power an[d] brilliancy ... As a ballad singer, Miss Mercante will certainly become deservedly popular, but we shall look for great results from the continuance of her studies. Mr. C. Jacobs accompanied Miss Mercante on the pianoforte.

"SUMMARY FOR EUROPE. MUSIC, THE OPERA, &c.", The Argus (25 October 1862), 5

[News], The Argus (24 April 1863), 5


Sara Flower

Coleman Jacobs


Actor, theatrical manager, vocalist

Born ? England, c.1801
? Married Amelia FOSTER, St. Benet Fink, London, 10 April 1829
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1832
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 November 1852, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MEREDITH, Amelia Matilda (? FOSTER)


Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1852, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Currency Lad (18 May 1833), 4 

MR. MEREDITH, Will be performed for the first time at this Theatre, Colman's highly celebrated Comedy in Three Acts, with new Dresses, Scenery, and Decorations, CALLED
Incle and Yarico
The truly laughable and side-splitting Duet OF,

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (26 August 1836), 8 

Theatre Royal,
On Saturday Evening, August 27, 1836, The Public is respectfully informed that Evening's Entertainment will be the greatest treat of the Season, and the attention of the Patrons of the Drama is earnestly invited.
The PEDLAR'S ACRE OR THE Wife of Seven Husbands . . .
Of Vocal and Instrumental Music; in which some Amateurs of celebrity have kindly offered their assistance.
Song, Maid of Judah - Mr[s]. TAYLOR.
Song, Chapter of Accidents - Mr. MEREDITH.
Solo, Flute (Swiss Air with Variations) - Mr. RElCHENBERG.
Song, the Gipsey Prince - Mr. FALCHON.
Recitation, Bucks have at ye all, in character - Mrs. MEREDITH . . .

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1852), 3 

The friends of Mr. John Meredith are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late wife, Amelia Matilda, to their resting place this Evening, at 3 o'clock; the funeral to proceed from her late residence, Goulburn-street West. C. DALEY, Undertaker. 29th October, 1852.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 November 1852), 3 

On 3rd November, Mr. John Meredith, aged fifty-one years. Mr. Meredith was one of the first who established Theatricals in this colony, he was much and deservedly respected by a numerous circle of acquaintances.


Actor, vocalist, comic, theatrical manager

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by December 1842
Died (in the wreck of the Monumental City), 15 May 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MERETON, Mrs. (Mrs. Thomas MERETON; ? Eliza Ann) = Mrs. William HARWARD (2)

Actor, vocalist

Active c.1842-88


By 1850, Thomas had retired from the stage and was in business and a leather and skin trader in Geelong. Mrs. Mereton and their daughter toured to Adelaide in 1851, appearing on stage there into mid 1852. Meanwhile back in Geelong in June 1852, Thomas advertised that he was no longer responsible for any debts incurred by members of his family, and his wife had apparently returned to the stage of the theatre there by August, appearing twice in bills that month.

Perhaps separated anyway, Thomas, conveniently or otherwise, died in the wreck of steamer Monumental City in May 1853. By October 1854, his widow was in Launceston, having reportedly married the musician and cornet-player, William Harward, who had also been with Coppin's company in Adelaide and Geelong. She continued to appear on stage as Mrs. Harward. She is not to be confused with the first Mrs. Harward, also an actor at Geelong in 1852-53 (Mrs. Mereton and Mrs. Harward appear together on several bills), probably William's first wife, in which case she must either have died by early 1854 at the latest. But it is also possible that "Mrs. Harward (late Mrs. Mereton)" never actually married Harward.



. . . It is our painful duty to narrate the total destruction of the above noble American steam packet, Captain W. H. Adams, commander, together with the loss of thirty three of the lives of the passengers and crew, occasioned by her running on a rock in Malagoutta Bay, at about a quarter to 4 o'clock, A.M., on Sunday, May 15, on her passage from Melbourne to Sydney . . .

"VICTORIA", Illustrated Sydney News (14 January 1854), 4 

The Theatre Royal, Geelong, was engaged on Monday night, the 2nd instant, for the benefit of the six children of the late unfortunate Mr. Thomas Mereton, who perished in the Monumental City. It appears that Mr. Mereton had long been connected with the Colonial stage.

"CLARENCE THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 October 1854), 5 

. . . An old favorite with a new name, though not less welcome, Mrs. Harwood (late Mrs. Mereton) appears as Portia, in the Merchant of Venice, on Monday next. Miss Mereton is an accomplished danseuse, and also appears; while to the orchestra is consigned tho unquestionable talent of Mr. Harwood on the cornet-a-piston.

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Tasmanian Telegraph (23 March 1859), 4 

Monday night was a great event for the Garrick Club. The Rob Roy was certainly a great improvement on the last performance . . . Helen McGregor as impersonated by Mrs. Harward was vigorous, pointed, and perfect. We have already stated that she is our Prima-Donna and are happy to repeat the expression, "she is the only Lady in this Island who could sustain the character - her voice was good, firm, resolute, and at the same time, the usual characteristic of modesty and unexcelled delineation of character, was effectively and truthfully pourtrayed in Diana Vernon, is to us a mystery - and why? - she appears to possess all the tact of an old actress: her excellent pronunciation the clearness of her delivery, the sweetness of her voice in the numerous songs incidental to the piece, require an especial notice; and that is, that she is the most advanced amateur we have had the honor to witness . . .


Clergyman, songwriter, amateur musician, diarist

Born Bristol, England, 7 September 1816
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 June 1850 (on the Lady McNaughten, from Plymouth, 24 February)
Departed 25 August 1853 (on the Pauline, for Singapore)
Died Venice, Italy, 18 June 1896


Mereweather served as an Anglican chaplain in Tasmania and New South Wales. While in Sydney, in May 1853, a song with words by him, See love's web around thee weaving, to music by Miss Murphy, was published by W. J. Johnson. Unfortunately, Mereweather's published diary makes no mention of the song or its composer. Of far greater interest are the many intelligent references in his published diary to professional and amateur musicians and music making (such as the Winterbottom concert described below), and colonial people and society generally.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (17 June 1850), 2

"COLONIAL CHURCH", The Courier (1 January 1851), 3

"LIFE ON BOARD AN EMIGRANT SHIP", Colonial Times (14 December 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 February 1853), 3

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1853), 4

"Some Experiences with Aborigines", Narandera Argus and Riverina Advertiser (1 August 1944), 1


John Davis Mereweather, Life on board an emigrant ship, being a diary of a voyage to Australia (London: T. Hatchard, 1852)

See love's web around thee weaving (a song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B.A. The music composed, and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen, by Miss Murphy) (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1853])

John Davis Mereweather, Diary of a working clergyman in Australia and Tasmania kept during the years 1850-1853; including his return to England by way of Java, Singapore, Ceylon, and Egypt (London: Hatchard and Co., 1859)

(254) ... [Sydney] May 26 [1853]. Went to a concert. Haydn's "Surprise" was deliciously played. The audience behaved remarkably well, and applauded in the right place.

Bibliography and resources:

John Barrett, From Bristol trade to a gentleman of Venice: the story of J. D. Mereweather (typescript, c.1977), National Library of Australia, Canberra, MS 9453, Folder 21

Edited and digitised edition (Ole Pein)

Ole Pein, John Davis Mereweather, 2003-15



MEREWETHER, John Francis Alworth

Musician, organist

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CHURCH OF ENGLAND", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 September 1859), 2 


Musician, organist, ? blind organist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 November 1831 (per Lotus, from London via Hobart Town)
Active Sydney, NSW, until (? the death of his father and brother in) March 1835 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 November 1831), 2 

From London via Hobart Town, yesterday evening, the ship Lotus, Captain Summerson. Lading, merchandise. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Manning, Mr. and Miss Merritt, William and Frederick Merritt ...

[News], The Sydney Herald (5 December 1831), 4

The beautiful organ at St. James's Church, Sydney, will no longer remain shut up for the want of a performer; a gentleman of the name of Merritt, who arrived in the Lotus, having been engaged for that purpose. Mr. M. is quite blind, but is a perfect master of the organ. He entered upon his duties yesterday. We are informed that the trumpet-stop has come out, by a late arrival, and will be fixed up as soon as possible.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1831), 3

A Mr. Merritt, who arrived by the Lotus, has been appointed organist of St. James's Church. He commenced his duties on Sunday last, and making due allowances for the want of practice, necessarily subsequent on a long sea-voyage, displayed talent of no mean order.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (7 December 1831), 1

The Choir of St. James's Church are once more assisted by the Organ, which has for a length of time been a mere ornament to the Church. The present organist is a son of Mr. William Merritt of George-street, who has lately emigrated to the Colony.

[News], The Australian (9 December 1831), 3

A Mr. Merritt has been inducted into his duties of the organ loft at St. James's. He made his coup d'essai on Sunday last, from which we should not be at all disposed to infer that the unuse [?] has gained by the succession of this gentleman to Mr. Pearson. A trumpet-stop recently arrived will add to the mellow base of this organ. Mr. Merritt by no means belies his name, however, for though stone blind, his faculties of locomotion, dexterity of finger, and fineness of ear are [?] mediocrity.

Invoice, William Merritt, to churchwardens, St. James, 22 January 1832, CSLC, NSW Archives, 4/374B, no. 637 (transcr. in Rushworth 1988, 364)

Mr. Wm. Merritt to W. Lily and T. Parton Thirty two days work Tuning and Repairing the Organ and fixing Trumpet Stop in same at St. James's Church at Six Shillings and Eight Pence per day, £10. 13. 4.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (31 July 1833), 3 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE SYDNEY MONITOR. SIR, I sometimes hear the Organ of St. James's Church in an evening in the week day, played by some one who pulls out all the stops. The effect is awfully delightful. But I never hear the whole power of this beautiful instrument on the sabbath, when its full rich tones are calculated to excite the sublimest feelings.

There is another great fault in the Sunday player of this instrument. Except in the first and last verses of each psalm, he plays in so low a key, that nobody who does not wish to to make himself conspicuous, can venture to join in the psalmody. The only singers are the school girls and boys, & they sing very badly. The object of having an Organ in the Church, I have always understood, was, to command such a volume of tone as would enable all modest attendants to join in the singing; the congregation, therefore, ought to be incited to join a full organ, and not to be discouraged by a tone no louder than an itenerant organ grinder. The Sunday player of St. James's Organ ought to play the first, second, & third verses, with the same stops as he at present does the first and last; and for the last verse, as a grand chorus in praise of Almighty God, he should use that grand and sublime stop, the Trumpet stop. I am, Sir, yours, &c. X Y Z.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (10 August 1833), 4

TO THE EDITOR OF THE SYDNEY MONITOR, Monday, August 5, 1833. SIR, HAVING been publicly questioned by a relation of Mr. Merrit's, the organist of St. James's if I was not the author of a letter containing some observations on that gentleman's organ playing, and which appeared in your Paper of Wednesday last, signed X.Y.Z., I hope you will do me the justice to state, that you never received from me a single line or statement either regarding Mr. Merrit's playing, or the mode in which the singing part of the service is conducted. I always considered it too delicate a matter for a person who was once organist of St. James's, to criticise publicly the performance of another, filling the same situation. The question put to me I consider a very rude one, and the party, from his liberal education, ought to have known better, especially, as he had a direct mode of ascertaining the truth, by application to you. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, JAMES PEARSON.

[Mr. Pearson was not the author of the letter alluded to. We hope Mr. Merrit will not take it amiss, but adopt the writer's suggestions, in which we fully agree. We have ourselves been waiting to hear the trumpet stop since it was put up, but as the greatest volume of wound of late never exceeded what we used to hear when Mr. Pearson used to play the organ, we suppose Mr. Merrit seldom or never plays this grand stop. The thunder of a pealing organ borders on the sublime when a congregation joins. See Walter Scott's description of CONGREGATIONAL singing in Rob Roy. - ED.]

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1835), 3

On Sunday morning last, at his residence, King-street, Mr. Frederick Merritt, aged 21 years, after a short but painful illness.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1835), 2

We had the painful task of announcing, in our Saturday's number, the intelligence of the awfully sudden death of Mr. Merritt, who dropped dead in the police office, on the preceding Thursday. His son, we lament to state, has since followed him. Mr. Merritt, jun. died on Sunday morning, of a brain fever, accelerated, if not produced by the dreadful shock occasioned by the intelligence of his father's sudden death. The anguish of the very respectable families with which the deceased were connected, at contemplating the bereavement they have sustained, will be deeply shared by their numerous friends.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (4 March 1835), 2 

The parishioners of St. James's will regret to hear, that their request for the re-appointment of Mr. Pearson, as organist, cannot be complied with, in consequence of a letter which the Archdeacon addressed to the Rev. Mr. Marsden, forbidding it even under any circumstances ...

Bibliography and resources:

J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 1 (1901), 40 

... When the first organ was imported there was no player until Mr. Merritt, a blind man, arrived in 1831.

This is incorrect; James Pearson was organist of St. James before him.

Hall 1951, 517

Hall assumes (and Rushworth follows him) that the organist was the Mr. Merritt who sailed for Launceston at the end of April on the Bolina, but this identification is not certain, and was perhaps more likely to be Thomas Merritt.

Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, 28, 364-65


Bandmaster, Music master, violinist, composer

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1859
Died Gunnedah, NSW, 15 March 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Active in Maitland as a music master from 1859, in 1861 Henry Meulman was founding bandmaster of the new West Maitland Volunteer Band. According to the Mercury:

Although they play popular airs, waltzes, &c., in a masterly style, their forte appears to lie in the spirited marches which they execute (several of which are composed by Mr. Meulman, their talented band-master), and only last evening they favoured the public with the new Sydney Volunteer March, played in a manner which would astonish their Sydney friends, we think.

A report of the band's activities tendered in January 1864 gives a unique insight into the productivity of a colonial bandmaster composer and arranger:

... Your committee beg to submit a list of musical instruments, the property of the band, and a list of music composed and arranged by Mr. Meulman, the bandmaster, by which it be perceived that up to the present time he has arranged for the band 99 pieces of music (each composed of 12 parts), which, with 24 series of printed music (including a set of cards containing several tunes kindly presented by Captain Laver to the company on the eve of his departure from the colony), place the company in possession of upwards of 150 tunes available for the use of the band.

These included Meulman's Night Parade waltzes and the unattributed Maitland galop.

Meulman continued to be active and appreciated as bandmaster, also at Singleton and Gunnedah, into the 1870s. He committed suicide, while drunk, in 1879.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (4 August 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 March 1860), 3

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury (14 September 1861), 2

"VOLUNTEER CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (22 May 1862), 3

During the last few days this excellent band has devoted each evening to render the St. Mary's bazaar, in the School of Arts, more attractive, if possible, by playing operatic selections. We noticed in particular those of "William Tell," "Lucrezia Borgia," "Lucie de Lammermoor," and "Il Trovatore," as being very well performed, and were almost surprised at the progress made by the members in so short a time - for they have only been in existence about nine months. Although they play popular airs, waltzes, &c., in a masterly style, their forte appears to lie in the spirited marches which they execute (several of which are composed by Mr. Meulman, their talented band-master), and only last evening they favoured the public with the new "Sydney Volunteer March," played in a manner which would astonish their Sydney friends, we think. Should they continue as indefatigable in their studies as they have hitherto been, we predict that on the next visit of our volunteers to Sydney they will bear off the palm.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"BAND OF HOPE", The Maitland Mercury (11 November 1862), 3

"SECOND CONCERT IN AID OF THE VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury (17 October 1863), 5

"BAND PROGRAM FOR THIS EVENING", The Maitland Mercury (19 November 1863), 3

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (30 January 1864), 2

"GUNNEDAH", The Maitland Mercury (18 March 1879), 2

"MELANCHOLY DEATH", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 March 1879), 39

MEYER, Alfred

Professor of music, pianist, composer

Born ? Hamburg/Berlin, January 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1871
Died Carlton, VIC, 30 December 1882, aged 34 (30 years 11 months) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Argus (25 July 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (18 November 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (20 November 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (25 November 1871), 5

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1874), 4

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (5 January 1875), 3 

Mr. Alfred Meyer, teacher of music, of Woodbine Cottage, Simpson's-road, East Melbourne, informs us that he is no connection of the Alfred Meyer who has been arrested on a charge of fraud.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1878), 8 

HERR ALFRED MEYER, PROFESSOR of MUSIC, Begs to inform intending Pianoforte Pupils that, owing to his next concert being at an early date, he will RESUME his professional DUTIES at once. Woodbine cottage, Simpson's street, near Victoria-parade; and Wright's music warehouse, 117 Swanston-street. Herr Mayer's new compositions - Sonata in E flat, "Amanda Schottische," &c., &c. At all musicsellers.

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 January 1883), 1

MEYER. - On the 30th ult., at his residence, Drummond-street, Carlton, of consumption, Alfred Meyer, professor of music, aged 31 years. Hamburg papers please copy.

Musical works:

The Victoria wedding march by Alfred Meyer ([ ?: ?, 1871]) 

The Bertha valse (composed for the pianoforte; 2nd Edn.; dedicated to Thomas McPherson Esq., the right worshipful the mayor of Melbourne) (Melbourne: Paling and Co., [1871]) 

Put me in my little bed (fantasia for the pianoforte) ([Melbourne]: Published for the composer, [1874]); on the song by C. A. White in edition (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan, [1872]) 

Within those eyes so deep and tender (song with original German and English words, composed by Alfred Meyer) ([?]: [composer], [1876]) 

The Amanda schottische composed for the pianoforte by Alfred Meyer (Melbourne: W. F. Dixon, [1878]) 

Grandfather's clock valse arranged by Alfred Meyer (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1879]) 

Babies on our block valse (by Alfred Meyer) (Sydney: L. Moss, [1880]) on the popular song (see Australian Musical Magazine Christmas 1879, 30 

Zoedone polka composed by Alfred Meyer (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1882]) 

MEYER, Edward


Active Sydney, NSW, June-July 1841 (at Nathan's Oratorio)


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

... Instrumental Performers. Mr. Wallace, Mr. Leggett, Mr. Wallace, sen., Mr. Deane and Sons, Mr. O'Flaherty. Mr. Portbury, Mr. Sippé, Mr. Meyer, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Walton ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 June 1841), 1

... Instrumental Performers. Mrs. Prout, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Deane, Mr. John Deane, Mr. Edward Deane, Mr. William Deane, Mr. Wallace, sen., Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Edward Meyer, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Walton ...

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 June 1841), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841), 2

MEYER, William

Professor of music

Active ? Sydney, NSW, 1865 (or perhaps not in Australia)


"MARRIAGES", Empire (16 October 1865), 1

ARKINSON-MEYER - On the 30th September, at St. John's Church Darlinghurst, by special license, by the Rev. Thomas Hayden, William Parkinson to Angelina Clare, eldest daughter of Mr. William Meyer, Professor of Music.

MEYMOTT, Frederick William (Frederic; F. W. MEYMOTT)

Amateur vocalist and composer, patron of the arts, lawyer, judge

Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 21 May 1808 (son of John Gilbert MEYMOTT and his wife Sarah)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 September 1850 (per General Hewitt, from London, 28 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 December 1883 (TROVE tagged)


Meymott was a pupil at Mr. May's School, Enfield, London, in June 1820 (the NLA, Canberra, has a prize he won on this occasion, an 1817 edition of The poetical works of Oliver Goldsmith, and a letter to his father, J. G. Meymott, found inside it). The earliest musical work by him was reviewed in England in 1835:

Success to the Swarthy Tribe. A Gypsy Song - the Music by F. W. Meymott, Esq. - An easy little trifle for the beginner; the melody runs very smoothly.

One legal text by Meymott (1830) and two published songs, both to lyrics by the countess of Blessington (Marguerite Gardiner), are in the British Library: Oh, nature, let me dwell with thee (reviewed in The Musical World, January 1840), and Oh never doubt I love thee (The Melodist, No. 12, [1854]).

The latter, however, had been first published in Sydney in July 1851 by Henry Marsh, described then as a "New song, by F. W. Meymott, Esq." Also published by Marsh in October 1854, was his Sweet songstress of Erin ("the music composed and dedicated by permission to Miss Catherine Hayes"), the text of which only survives, published in the Herald. Another lost song is the ballad I met her in the railway, published by J. R. Clarke in May 1857, the words of which, by Henry Halloran, were separately published the previous year.

A third surviving song, Bygone days "The words by Miss Power, the music by F. W. Meymott" survives in a manuscript copy at the head of one of Georgiana McCrae's manuscript albums (University of Sydney, Rare Books, RB 1164.9), though not in McCrae's hand.

His only other surviving musical work is In memory of Jane Elizabeth Balcombe, "who died in the eighteenth year of her age on the morning of the 26th day of December A. D. 1858", niece of the famous Betsy Balcombe, to lyrics by another Sydney lawyer, amateur composer, and vocalist, William Cornelius Uhr.

In Walter Mason's engraving of the event, Meymott is pictured reading the address at the public testimonial to Catherine Hayes, at the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, on 7 October 1854; original in Illustrated Sydney News (October 1854); reproduced in The Australian picture pleasure book . . . engraved, selected and arranged by Walter G. Mason (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1857) (DIGITISED)


"NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The athenaeum (6 March 1830), 142 

"Doom'd to pass my days, Love." Ballad, dedicated to F. W. Meymott, Esq.; composed by Edward Tucker. Welsh . . .

"NEW MUSIC. VOCAL", The Court Journal (4 July 1835), 427

Success to the Swarthy Tribe. A Gypsy Song. The Music by F. W. Meymott, Esq. - An easy little trifle for the beginner; the melody runs very smoothly.

"REVIEW. Vocal", The Musical World 13 (20 January 1840), 72

Oh, Nature, let me dwell with thee. Words by the Countess of Blessington. Music by F. W. Meymott, Esq. Mr. Meymott has set her ladyship's poetry to a sparkling Polacca, in A major; displaying a fair quantum of originality, and much taste in the symphonies and accompaniments. It is calculated to please universally, and produces a brilliant effect, at little cost, in point of execution.

"Law Intelligence", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1851), 3

NEW MUSIC, published this week, at the Sydney Pianoforte and Music Warerooms, 490 1/2, George-street. New Song, by F. W. Meymott, Esq.-"Oh! never doubt I love thee" ...

"MISS CATHARINE [sic] HAYES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1854), 5

... The following lines were among the tributes which greeted Miss Catharine Hayes' appearance on Saturday evening:

Sweet songstress of Erin, oh ! tarry awhile
In this land where all hearts thou hast chained to thine own.
Divine are thy songs that our feelings beguile
In Australia, till now was such music unknown.

Thou hast wakened a spirit so long that had slumbered,
Thou hast kindled a flame that can never expire :
'Tis but little to add to thy triumphs unnumbered,
But a triumph to which might a seraph aspire.

This country remote was in darkness enshrouded
Till the light of thy spirit illumined our shore;
Ah ! let not that ray be so suddenly clouded,
Nor leave us in gloom still more deep than before!

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1854), 1

IN Course of Publication - "Sweet Songstress of Erin." The music composed and dedicated by permission, to Miss Catharine Hayes, by Frederic William Meymott, Esq. MARSH and CO , 49 1/2, George-street.


... The testimonial, consisting of a splendid silver goblet, and a diamond bracelet and ring, of the aggregate value of three hundred guineas, was then presented to Miss Hayes by Mr. Meymott, barrister at law, who read the following address: ...

... Amidst the most tumultuous cheering Miss Hayes then retired, supported on the arm of Mr. Justice Therry. The Committee immediately proceeded to the Green Room, where Mr. Meymott in an appropriate address presented Mons. Emile Coulon, with a handsome gold watch and chain, of the value of sixty guineas, as a mark of the Sydney public's high appreciation of his professional attainments, to which that talented gentleman made a suitable response ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1857), 1

NEW .... Ballads ... I Met Her on the Railway, poetry by F. [sic] Halloran, music by F. W. Meymott, 3s. ... J. R. CLARKE, music publisher and seller, 205, George-street, Sydney

Words printed earlier here: "I MET HER ON THE RAILWAY: A SONG, BY HENRY HALLORAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1856), 5 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1858), 1

On Sunday morning, the 26th December, at Napoleon Cottage, Paddington, Jane Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas T. Balcombe, Esq., in the 18th year of her age.

"Charges Against Judge Meymott", Evening News (19 May 1880), 2 

"Judge Meymott in Explanation", Evening News (1 June 1880), 3 

"JUDGE MEYMOTT'S DISMISSAL. TO THE EDITOR", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 November 1880), 5 

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1883), 1 

MEYMOTT. - October 1, 1883, at Ethelstone, Murrurundi, at 1 o'clock in the morning, Blanche Abercrombie, wife of F. W. Meymott, lately Judge of the Northern District, in the 39th year of her age.

"THE LATE MR. F. W. MEYMOTT", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1883), 5

The news of the death of Mr. F. W. Meymott, which event took place on Saturday, will have small significance for the great majority of colonists of the present day, to whom the deceased gentleman was comparatively unknown; but to those who remember him on his arrival here, or within a few years after that time, and who enjoyed his acquaintance in those days, the announcement of his death will recall many pleasing recollections of his presence amongst us. Mr. Meymott was at one time a prominent figure in the social and professional life of the colony. He arrived here more than 30 years ago, and entered upon the practice of his profession, in which he had considerable success, particularly in that department of it with which he was best acquainted - that of special pleading. Though not fitted for success in the courts, Mr. Meymott was highly and deservedly esteemed as a sound and accomplished lawyer. He held office for some time as Crown Prosecutor, and for many years as District Court Judge and Chairman of Quarter Sessions. The circumstances under which he left the bench are fresh in the recollection of our readers, and need not be referred to. Apart from his professional qualifications Mr. Meymott was an exceptionally accomplished man. He was a musician of rare culture and taste, and in his early days possessed the great social charm and advantage of a voice of singular sweetness and tenderness. Perhaps of all men who ever came to this country Mr. Meymott had enjoyed more than any other the society of distinguished men and women in England. He was a constant visitor at the musical parties of the great Duke of Wellington (from whom Mr. Meymott had received and preserved very many highly characteristic autograph letters), and he was on terms of intimacy with numbers of celebrities in the world of art and fashion and culture. He was the friend of Mario and Lablache, Grisi, and Albini. He knew intimately Thackeray and Dickens, Douglas Jerrold and Gilbert à Beckett. He brought to this colony letters of high commendation from some of the most prominent statesmen, famous artists, and public men in the mother country. Here [in the colony] he invariably proved himself to be the friend of all struggling artists, and in his younger days his face was always to be seen at concerts and assemblies where the encouragement of a man of known taste was likely to be of advantage to those who were essaying to win the public favour. He was in his early days in the colony a constant attendant at those concerts where the magnificent voice of Madame Sara Flower (whom he had know as a brilliant musical student in England) was heard; and he was always deeply interested in and prepared to aid in any way everything that tended to raise the standard of musical art in this country. He had survived most of his contemporaries at the bar - who had the pleasure of knowing him in his best and happiest days - and he has been practically unknown to the generation which has sprung up in these latter days. But at the time when the delightful art which he knew and loved so well required assistance and encouragement in our society, both were liberally and continually afforded by the accomplished gentleman whose death we chronicle. Mr. Meymott married the daughter of Mr. W. V. Wild, of Camden, an old and highly respected colonist. It is only a few months since that she died, leaving a family of several sons and daughters. It was at once manifest to the friends of Mr. Meymott that he would not long survive her, and his death, as we have announced, took place on Saturday.

"THE LATE F. W. MEYMOTT" [portrait illustration], The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (29 December 1883), 1216 

Other sources:

The National Library of Australia holds an MS letter from Meymott, to his father (14 June 1820), MS NLA MS 2270

Bibliography and resources:

John S. Bumpus, A history of English catherdal music, 1549-1889 (London: T. Werner Laurie, n.d.), (424), 570 note 

. . . The setting of the Responses to the Commandments, at one time almost universally sung in our churches, was originally adapted from the passage, "Open the heavens," in Mendelssohn's Elijah, by F. W. Meymott, of the Temple, who afterwards became a colonial judge.

See late edition of the above responses: 

Colin Humphreys, "Colonial judge F. W. Meymott", The Granville guardian (Granville Historical Society) (September 2011), 4-6


Music teacher

Active Wangaratta, VIC, 1898


"Things We See or Hear", The Yackandandah Times (7 January 1898), 2

A young woman named Maud Michel was brought to the Wangaratta hospital in pitiable circumstances on New Year's Day. She was residing for some time in a township in New South Wales earning her living by music teaching, and while there made the acquaintance of a man who was also a music teacher. A friendship between the two resulted in marriage, but some months after the marriage ceremony was performed it transpired that the man had a wife already living, and he suddenly disappeared. The young woman then removed to Devenish. She had occasion to walk to the railway station on a Friday night - a distance of two miles - and while on her way thither was confined of a child. She and her child lay exposed the whole of the night, until some passer-by noticed her under a tree in the morning. The mother and child were removed without delay to this hospital, and, notwithstanding the severe hardships they underwent, both are recovering. The unfortunate woman is only 22 years of age.

"A Pitiful Case", The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (4 February 1898), 2


Amateur musician, cornet player

? (Hugh) Born Scotland, c. 1814
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), by 1841
(? Hugh) Died Longwood, VIC, 31 July 1860, aged 46


"DEATHS", The Age (3 August 1860), 4 

"OLD TOWN BANDS", The Herald (23 June 1883), 3

. . . A second and more select band was organised in 1841, of which the Messrs. Middlemiss, Mr. Stainsby and Mr. Roberts of a well-known firm Roberts and Fergusson were members, but though less eventful than Tickle's, it came to an end by the removal of members to the country and other causes . . .

MIELL, Augustus


Born Salisbury, England, 30 September 1829
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1854
Died Ballarat, VIC, 18 November 1860, aged 30

MIELL, Theophilus


Born Salisbury, England, 9 September 1827
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1857
Died Bourke, NSW, 1882 [NSW BDM 1882 6304]


[Advertisement], The Star (6 October 1857), 3


List of Claims for Compensation for Losses Sustained through the Ballarat Riot, on 7th October, 1854. ... Augustus Miell, gold, bank notes, musical instruments and music books, gold rings, and two boxes of clothing, £87 ... E. F. West, clothing, musical instruments, and music books, £53.

"DEATHS", The Star (20 November 1860), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (21 November 1860), 2

The Chinaman who was killed at the Black Lead was yesterday interred in the Cemetery. The funeral cortege had a very imposing appearance when passing through Lydiard street, there being over a dozen vehicles in the procession filled with the countrymen of the deceased. Later in the day a second funeral moved slowly up the Main Road, with a band playing the dead march in Saul. The deceased, Mr. Miell, was well known as a musician at the Theatre Royal, and his musical friends paid him in the manner described the last tribute of their esteem.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (26 July 1861), 1

"THE SANDHURST GLEE CLUB. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (10 October 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 August 1865), 3

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MRS. ELLIS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 October 1867), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (2 July 1874), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Report from the select committee upon Ballaarat riots - Bentley's Hotel: together with the proceedings of committee and minutes of evidence (Melbourne : John Ferres, Govt. Printer, 1858) (DIGITISED)

MILERUM (also known as Clarence LONG)

Singer, Indigenous ethnologist

Born Junggurumbar, SA, 1869
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 February 1941 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (after Tindale):

His father was Puningeri of the Karagarindjeri clan, Tanganekald tribe, Djerimangap moiety; his mother was Lakwunami, of the Potaruwutj tribe from the Keilira region. Wiantalan was his child name and korowale, the white-faced heron, his totem. Both before and after initiation at about 14, as a red-ochred youth, his parents taught him much of their history and tradition so that in effect he became the final repository of the details of their culture. Milerum planned and enacted for films a record of his people; many of his songs, recorded on wax cylinders and flat discs, have been studied by musicians, including Harold Davies. He guided H. K. Fry and the author over parts of his country, giving names, places, and the limits of the clans, and recollecting events and traditions. He became an anthropologist in his own right, seeking verification of data from old Aborigines.


Norman B. Tindale, "VANISHED TRIBAL LIFE OF THE COORONG BLACKS", The Advertiser (7 April 1934), 9

"Royal Society", The Advertiser (12 November 1937), 24

At the monthly meeting or the Royal Society of S.A. last night ... Mr. N. B. Tindale played records of aboriginal songs sung by Milerum, the last surviving full blood native of the South-East of South Australia.

"Death of Well-known Aborigine", The Advertiser (26 February 1941), 9

The death occurred at the Royal Adelaide Hospital on Friday of a well-known aborigine, Clarence Long, whose native name was Milerum, at the age of about 70 years. The anthropologist at the Museum (Mr. N. B Tindale) said that Long was the last of the Targanekald men who remembered the old native culture and arts. He was born on the Coorong and spent his early life roaming what was then wild country between Kingston and the Murray River. He was a strong character and greatly esteemed by prominent people in Adelaide and the Encounter Bay district. He was a champion shearer in his day. He was of great use to anthropologists as he knew his own language perfectly, and was able to impart much knowledge of the social and hunting life of the natives of the south-eastern districts of South Australia. A painting of Long, by the late director of the National Gallery (Mr. Leslie Wilkie) hangs in the Museum. He demonstrated the methods and weapons, and, in addition, enacted a part in scientific films by demonstrating the tribunal [sic] work of the natives. Many notes were made from his descriptions of native life, some of which have been published in book form and others still remain to be written.

Recordings and notes:

SA Museum, Series AA338/11-12 (Norman B. Tindale)

(see AA 338/11/5/Tracks 1-16: Clarence Long (Milerum) Series (SA) 1932 for full listing of songs)

See also (E. Harold Davies):

Bibliography and resources:

Norman B. Tindale, "Milerum (1869-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

Diana Bell, Ngarrindjeri wurruwarrin: a world that is, was, and will be (Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 1998) (PREVIEW)


Professor of music, organist (nephew of Anna Bishop [Riviere])

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865-72

HALFORD, Louisa Henrietta (Miss MILLAR; Mrs. G. B. HALFORD)

Amateur vocalist (niece of Anna Bishop)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1868
Died Malvern, VIC, 18 December 1910, aged 73


"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (16 January 1865), 2

As organist at St. Patrick's Church, Sturt-street, Mr. Emil Weber has been succeeded by Mr. Millar, whose mother and Madame Anna Bishop, the popular singer, are sisters. Mr. Millar is also connected with literary as well as musical celebrities, his sister being the wife of Professor Halford, of the Melbourne University.

"THE AMENDING LAND ACT, 1865. LICENSES UNDER THE 42ND SECTION", The Ballarat Star (15 September 1865), 2

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH ORGAN", The Ballarat Star (11 March 1867), 1s

[News], The Argus (8 July 1868), 5

The old folks of the Benevolent Asylum enjoyed no ordinary treat yesterday afternoon, a concert having been generously given them by Madame Anna Bishop and Mr. Lascelles. The dining-hall was crowded. It was amusing and pleasing to observe the thrill of delight that ran through the audience as Madame Anna Bishop sang, in her exquisite style, "Home, Sweet Home," "John Anderson, my Jo, John," the "Dashing White Sergeant," "The Harp that Once Through Tara's Halls," &c; and Mr. Lascelles some of his rare comic songs. Mrs. Halford took part in a duet from "Norma" ...

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (25 August 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (1 May 1869), 1

"BALLARAT", The Argus (9 January 1872), 7

"BALLARAT", The Argus (24 February 1872), 5

John Millar, late organist at St. Patrick's Church, was charged with having committed a rape on a girl named Emily Hannah Brown; a second count laid the offence as an indecent assault. The jury found the prisoner guilty on the second count, and he was remanded for sentence.

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 December 1910), 1 


Bandmaster (Band of the 14th Regiment), composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1868 (newly appointed from London)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, March 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 14th Regiment


[News], The Argus (23 May 1868), 4

We understand that Mr. Miller, the newly appointed bandmaster of the band of H.M. 14th Regiment, has just arrived in the colony from London.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1868), 8

[News], Illustrated Australian News (18 July 1868), 2

Gunner John Sweeney, belonging to the detachment of Royal Artillery stationed in the colony, died in the military hospital, Victoria Barracks, on Friday, the 26th ult., after an illness of three or four days. The deceased, who was only twenty-three years of age, arrived by the Macduff in December last. He was buried on Monday afternoon with the accustomed military honors, the band of H.M. 14th Regiment, under the direction of Mr J. Miller, the newly-arrived bandmaster, playing the "Dead March in Saul," and another splendid march of the same character by Beethoven ...

"ART TREASURE EXHIBITION", The Argus (30 March 1869), 5

... the visitors dispersed themselves through the hall. Their pleasant work of inspection was made still more agreeable by the performances of the band of the 14th. It is worth mention how much this band has improved during the last eight months, since it has been under the leadership of Mr. J. Miller, the present bandmaster. On this occasion the overture to "Zampa," and a selection from "Norma," were admirably played, as also was a charmingly gay waltz entitled "A Gleam of Sunshine," just composed by Mr. Miller, and about to be published.

[News], The Argus (24 May 1869), 5

Some weeks since we mentioned, in connexion with performances of the band of the 2-14th Regiment, a galop entitled a "A Gleam of Sunshine," composed by Mr. J. Miller, bandmaster. It is now published by the composer, with a handsome lithographed title, and is pretty sure to come into general favour.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1869), 8

GRAND CONCERT, In aid of the fund for erecting a NEW WING to the BENEVOLENT ASYLUM, THIS EVENING, By the MELBOURNE DEUTSCHE LEIDERTAFEL, Assisted (By the kind permission of Colonel Trevor, C.B.) By the BAND of the 14th REGIMENT ... Bandmaster, Mr. JOHN MILLER ...

[News], The Argus (18 March 1870), 5

The annual meeting of the members of the Victorian Musical Association of Professional Musicians was held yesterday, at their rooms, Collins-street east ... A vote of thanks was accorded the retiring and remaining members of committee for their exertions during the past year. Mr. Caws moved, and Herr Siede seconded - "That the association view with regret the approaching departure of one of its members, Mr. Miller, the bandmaster of the 14th Regiment, for Europe, and at the same time award him their thanks for his general courtesy and musician-like conduct in matters connected with the profession." The motion was unanimously carried, and ordered to be entered in the minutes of the meeting.

"LINTHWAITE BRASS BAND CONTEST", Huddersfield Chronicle [England] (20 July 1872), 10

... The services of two first-class musicians were secured for judges, viz. - those of Mr. J. Sidney Jones, bandmaster of the 5th Dragoon Guards, York; and Mr. John Miller, bandmaster of the second regiment 14th Foot, Chester Castle, Chester ...

[News], The Argus (4 March 1878), 4 

About 500 persons were present at the organ recital in the Town-hall on Saturday night. The programme contained the overture to "The Crown Diamonds," by Auber; Batiste's Andante in G; a grand fantasia on Welsh melodies, arranged by David Lee; the march known as "The Funeral March," by Beethoven; a selection from the oratorio "Jephtha," by Handel; and the National Anthem for finale ... The funeral march, which was introduced here by the band of the 14th Regiment, under Mr. Miller, exists only in manuscript in this city, and cannot well be identified with any of the master's classified compositions. It may be that it is identical with the number 40 (of Fetis), for military instruments, amongst the non-classified works. In any case, it is a beautiful work. In musical character it is expressive of sorrow tempered by hope ...

Musical works:

A gleam of sunshine (galop/waltz) (Melbourne: the Composer, [1869])


MILLER, Josiah

Dancing master

Born c.1788
Active Sydney, NSW, from 1830
? Died Liverpool, NSW, 16 January 1860; buried, St. Luke's Liverpool, 18 January 1860, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Miller, "lately arrived from London, where he has taught the ... polite accomplishment in its most fashionable branches", advertised that he would commence teaching dancing on 8 June "at the premises lately occupied by Mr. Brunton, 20, Prince-street, Sydney". He organised a subscription ball in 1832. Bell's Life described him as "an antiquated old gentleman" when he was charged with drunkenness in 1847.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 May 1830), 4

DANCING. MR. MILLER respectfully acquaints the Gentry and Public in Sydney and its Vicinity, that he has lately arrived from London, where he has taught the above polite accomplishment in its most fashionable branches. He intends to commence teaching as above, on Tuesday, the 8th of June, at the Premises lately occupied by Mr. Brunton, 20, Prince-street, Sydney. Public Attendance on Tuesday and Friday Evenings, at Six o'clock. Private Tuition attended to with punctuality, and the most respectable references can be given if required.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 November 1830), 2 

MR. MILLER, in returning his grateful acknowledgments for the liberal encouragement extended towards him, is desirous of informing his kind Patrons, that he has REMOVED his ACADEMY for DANCING from the late Mr. Brunton's, in Prince-street, to a more commodious set of apartments in Macquarie-street (opposite the School of Industry), where he still hopes to meet with a continuance of that patronage which has hitherto rewarded his best exertions. N.B. - Days of attendance, Tuesdays and Fridays, from three in the afternoon till eight in the evening. - Private Families and Boarding Schools waited upon; and parties instructed in Quadrilles, Six Dreels, Circassian Circles, Waltzing, Mescolanzes, Ecossoises, &c. &c. &. A good VIOLIN PLAYER WANTED.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 November 1830), 3 

MRS. RAINE and Miss FULLOON'S, in returning thanks to their Friends, and the Public, bog to announce, that they have changed the hours of the Dancing School, viz. from 5 till 8 on the evenings of Mondays and Thursdays, and have engaged Mr. Miller to attend on the above evenings, to commence on the 8th instant, when they hope for a continuance of that patronage which they have hitherto experienced. Terms, of £2 per quarter. N. B. - Application to be made at Mrs. Raine's and Miss Fulloon's Seminary, No. 12, O'connel-street.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 January 1832), 2 

Mr. Miller, the dancing master, intends giving a ball to his patrons, for the purpose of exhibiting the progress of his pupils in that delightful recreation.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (28 January 1832), 2

Another Subscription Ball (select) is announced by Mr. Miller, Dancing Master, to take place at the Royal Hotel, on the 16th proximo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (21 February 1835), 4

IF MR. JOSIAH MILLER, Dancing Master, does not come forward and pay for his Board and Lodging, due to MR. BENJAMIN ISAACS, of Cumberland-street, within fourteen days from this date, the Articles that he has left will be sold to re-place such deficiency, and also to pay for this advertisement. February 14th, 1835.

"LIST of Unclaimed Letters", New South Wales Government Gazette (26 October 1836), 831

... Miller (dancing-master) Mr. ...

"POLICE REPORTS. FRIDAY - AN OLD STAGER", Bell's Life in Sydney (23 January 1847), 2

An antiquated old gentleman, rejoicing in the name of Josiah Miller, of rather the Jack Falstaff symmetry, and blessed with a nose of vermillion brilliancy, made his bow to the Mayor yesterday, on the serious charge of having imbibed rum to such an extent, as to completely upset his equilibrium. Josiah, it would appear, has devoted his life to instructing the juvenile generation of his day in the art of twirling and distorting their limbs in a variety of ways; in other words, he was a professor of dancing. lt somehow or other happens, that the masters of that profound science are generally bon vivants - men devotedly attached to a glass of good liquor. On Tuesday night, old Josiah, fell in with a friend, who treated him to about a quart of rum and water. After shaking hands with each other for about a dozen times, the two lushingtons separated, with the intention (how often are our best intentions frustrated) of returning to their respective homes. Josiah had scarcely been three minutes in the streets, when a strange fancy took possession of him. He imagined that he was imitating a number of youngsters in the mystery of gracefully tripping it on the light fantastic toe. Stimulated by this conceit, he commenced dancing a pas seul to a lamp-post. When Sergeant Coyle came up, he found him in the act of going through a minuet in the centre of the street. The watchhouse being the safest place for him under such circumstances, he was immediately lodged there. The Mayor took compassion on him, and discharged him.

Burials in the Parish of St Luke, Liverpool ... New South Wales, in the year 1860; [register page 71]

No. 980 / Josiah Miller / [Died] 18 Jany / [Buried] 16 Jany [sic] / [Age] 71 ...


Organist, harmonium player, teacher

Active SA, by 1864
Died Yankalilla, SA, 29 December 1872


"ANGASTON", South Australian Register (27 May 1864), 3

"YANKAKILLA", South Australian Register (28 September 1868), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (31 December 1872), 4

"DEATH OF MRS. J. S. MILLNER", South Australian Register (1 January 1873), 5

In the obituary columns of Tuesday's Register appeared an announcement of the death of Mrs. J. S. Millner, of Yankalilla, the wife of Dr. Millner, the Protector of Aborigines and Resident Surgeon in the Northern Territory. The deceased, who had a short illness, was carried off by heart disease ... and died on Sunday, December 29. The loss will be greatly felt in the neighbourhood of her home, where she was universally respected. Mrs. Millner devoted much of her spare time to the tuition of children attending the school attached to the Church of England in the locality, and shortly before her death a handsome present was given to her in recognition of the value of the services rendered ...

"JAMES STOKES MILLNER", Northern Territory Times (13 March 1875), 3

Bibliography and resources:

"James Millner (doctor)", Wikipedia

MILLS, George

Organ blower (St. James's Church, Sydney)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1829


Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

MILLS, Henry

Pianoforte make, importer and repairer of pianos, public servant

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1854
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 January 1866, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Courier (8 March 1854), 4 

. . . "I hereby certify that Mr. Thompson has tuned Pianofortes for me since his arrival in this colony, and am happy to say that he has given every satisfaction not only to me but likewise to those ladies and gentlemen for whom he has had the honour of tuning their pianofortes; and in the numerous orders I have entrusted to him I have always found him punctual and very attentive to his duties.
"Importer and Repairer of Pianofortes,
"Devonshire House, Upper Murray-street" . . .

ASSOCIATION: John Charles Thompson

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (20 February 1866), 5 

MILLS - Henry Mills, after a short illness, aged 64 years, at his residence, Devonshire House, Upper Murray-street, Hobart Town, for many years Messenger to the House of Assembly.

MILNE, James

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 18 November 1875, aged "between 50 and 60" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (27 December 1855), 1 

MADAME ANNA BISHOP will make her Third Appearance in Australia . . .
Part of the First, and the whole of the Second Act,
including the Grand Mad-Scene of Donizetti's
in English, first Time in Australia.
LINDA, the Maid of Chamouini (in a French Court Costume of 1700) - Mme. ANNA BISHOP
Pierotto, friend of Linda, a Savoyard Peasant - Mrs. Guerin.
Antonio, father to Linda - Mr. Milne.
Madelina, her mother - Mrs. Gibbs . . .

"Death of Mr. Milne", The Herald (18 November 1875), 3 

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES MILNE", The Australasian (20 November 1875), 21 

MINARD, François (Mons. MINARD; M. MINARD)

Vocalist, actor


Vocalist, actor

Arrived Sydney, 1 March 1839 (per Sarah and Elizabeth, from Batavia, 4 January)
Departed Sydney, 23 April 1839 (per Parland, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The were already active in Batavia's (mostly amateur) French theatre in 1835, from whence, in November, François sailed for Europe, to return with further professional theatrical talent, arriving back in Batavia by October 1836. Among the new arrivals were the Gautrots and Charrieres.

Minard, according to Diehl, was "Jewish". He had been at Calcutta, probably at least a couple of years before his performances there were remembered in a review of 1836. According to another source, the Gautrots were recorded as having performed at the Cape Colony, South Africa, perhaps en route to Batavia.

As the French operatic company, the Minard and Gautrots gave a short and not very successful season at Joseph Wyatt's Royal Victoria theatre in March-April 1839. The fifth member of the troupe, a M. Henry, is recorded neither arriving nor leaving with the Minards, but was perhaps Gautrot's son (an "H. Gautrot" recorded leaving Batavia with them in 1838).


[Advertisement], Javasche courant (30 September 1835), 5 

Messieurs les directeurs du théâtre de Batavia ayant eu la coinplaisance, de ceder la salle de spectacle à la compagnie française, elle aura l'honneur de donner Venredi 2e Octobre 1835 une représentation composée de MICHEL et CHRISTINE, vaudeville en un acte de SCRIBE. ANGELINE, ou LA CHAMPENOISE, vaudeville en un acte du théâtre des variétés. Le spectacle sera terminé par LA DEMOISELLE et LA DAME, ou AVANT ET APRES LE MARIAGE, vaudeville en un acte de SCRIBE ... Billets ... chez M. MINARD, régisseur, a l'Hotel de Provence.

"VERTREKKENDE PERSONEN", Javasche courant (31 October 1835), 5 

M. François Minard et Mad. Louvel, dite Isidor, partent pour l'Europe.

"SCHEEPSBERIGTEN", Javasche courant (28 November 1835), 7 

BATAVIA . . . Vertrokken. Nov. 24 - Amerik. schip St. Lawrence, T. G. Bunker, naar Bremen, passagiers, de heer F. Minard en kind, en mevrouw de weduwe Louvet geboren La Brane.

"THE FRENCH DRAMATIC COMPANY", Calcutta Journal (August 1836), 379-80

The French Company recently arrived, made their debut on the evening of the 23d August ... M. Charles ... a young actor destined, we guess, for the parts that were assigned to M. Minard in the former Company, but, to judge from a first performance, not quite equal to him.

"BATAVIA. Aangekomen", Javasche courant (5 October 1836), 1 

Oct. 2. - ... Frans. schip Alexander, van Bordeaux den 29sten junij, passagiers, der heer Minard en vrouw, de heer Alexander en vrouw, de heer Charriere en vrouw, de Heer Condraij en vrouw, de heer Gautrand [sic, recte Gautrot] en kine, en de heeren Noël, Donadieu en Ropert.

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (19 October 1836), 1 

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (26 November 1836), 1 

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (7 December 1836), 1 

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (1 July 1837), 1 

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Javasche courant (17 January 1838), 1 

"Schepen liggende ter reede ... SAMARANG", Javasche courant (12 December 1838), 2 

Dec. 4 - Ned stoom boot Van de Capellen ... naar Batavia .... passagiers ... de heer en mevrouw Gautrot, en de heer en mevrouwen Minard en H. Gautrot.

"ARRIVALS", The Colonist (2 March 1839), 2

[News], The Australian (7 March 1839), 3

Monsieur Minard and his Company have made arrangements with Mr. Wyatt. of the Theatre Royal, for the use of that establishment, for the purpose of performing Operas, Vaudevilles, &c ...

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 March 1839), 3

"THE FRENCH PERFORMERS", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1839), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (18 March 1839), 3

"THE FRENCH PERFORMERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 March 1839), 2

Madame Minard also has a sweet voice, and in one instance caused much amusement in the execution of a burlesque bravura. The leader (Minard) has also a good voice, and, what is almost of equal importance, a gentlemanly carriage.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (19 March 1839),  2

M. Minard has but little capability as a singer, but in vaudevilles, as we have just said, great compass of voice, or richness of tone, is not required. The fictitious duet which he sings in this piece, was exceedingly good; and his facility of manner gives a character of gaiety and vigour to the whole, that voice alone never can effect.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (22 March 1839), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (26 March 1839), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (5 April 1839), 2

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Monitor (12 April 1839), 3

The Proprietor being about to leave the Colony, TWENTY-FIVE OPERAS, complete, with all the Music for the Orchestra, La Dame Blanche, Le Rossignol, Lea Visitandines, &c. &c. ... Address M. MINARD, 75, Pitt-street.

"SAILED", The Australian (25 April 1839), 2

"SHIPPING. ARRIVED", Naval & Military Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of the United Service [London] (7 September 1839), 13

SHIPS ARRIVED ... Sept. 3 - PARLAND ... [from NSW], April 23 ... PASSENGERS ... M. and Madame Minard ...

Bibliography and resources:

F. de Haan, Oud Batavia: gedenkboek uitgegeven ter gelegenheid van het dire honderdjarig bestaan de staad in 1919 (Batavia: G. Kolff, 1919 & 1922-23), 442

Victor Ido [pseud.], Indie in den gouden ouden tijd: radio-voordrachten voor de Nirom gehouden door Victor Ido (Bandoeng: N.V. v/h Nic & Co., 1949)

Katharine Smith Diehl, Printers and printing in the East Indies to 1850: Batavia (Aristide D. Cararzas, 1990), 348-51

Franki R. Notosudirdjo (Raden), Music, politics, and the problems of national identity in Indonesia (Ph.D. Diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2001), 56

Quarterly Bulletin of the South African Library 48 (1993), 24

... performances by the violinist Gautrot, the harpist Douchez, and the Italian singer Schieroni, all of whom gave concerts in the Exchange in the 1830s ...


Joseph and Madame Gautrot


Amateur musician, pianist, painter and decorator

Born Clerkenwell, London, England 12 April 1826 (son of Richard MINTON and Maria FULLBROOK)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855
Died Ballarat, VIC, 15 April 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MINTON, Benjamin (B. MINTON)

Amateur musician, organist, painter and decorator

Born Clerkenwell, London, England, 10 August 1831 (son of Richard MINTON and Maria FULLBROOK)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 24/26 November 1852 (per Arundel, from London, "Minton Benjamin / 21 / Painter")
Died Hobart, TAS, 28 April 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Musician, violoncello player, cellist, doubla-bass player, music retailer, painter and decorator

Born Clerkenwell, London, England, 24 October 1833 (son of Richard MINTON and Maria FULLBROOK)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 24/26 November 1852 (per Arundel, from London, "Minton Thomas / 19 / Painter")
Died Woollahra, NSW, 1 July 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 April 1853), 1 

SHIP ARUNDEL. - Benjamin and Thomas Minton, who arrived in this colony by the above named ship, can hear of their brother Richard Minton, by directing a letter, addressed to Mr. H. T. Roberts, Butcher, Queen-street, Melbourne; opposite the Theatre.

"GREGORY'S SALOON", The Age (16 August 1855), 5 

The Ethiopian Serenaders are still carrying all before them, assisted by the able pianist, R. Minton. The house is nightly crowded, and repeated encores are rapturously called for.

[Advertisement], The Star (22 October 1858), 3 

Under the Patronage of the Philharmonic Society . . .
The Band will comprise the following unrivalled instrumentalists: -
Messrs Fleury, Palin, Ring, Labalestrier, Ellis, Herndoff, Miell, Minton, Fillion, Whetter, Wild, Khidle, Hort, Gunn, and Signor Pietro Canna.
During the Evening, Locke's celebrated Music in MACBETH! . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (20 December 1858), 3 

THE OPERA SEASON, Under the direction of MONS. LAVENUE, Will commence on MONDAY EVENING, 27th DECEMBER . . .
The Operas will be effectively rendered by the following Distinguished and Favorite Artistes:
Assisted by the most powerful and efficient CHORUS That ever appeared in the colony.
THE PREMIERE BAND Of the Australian colonies, under the able leadership of Mons. Fleury, will comprise the following instrumentalists:
1st Violin - Mons. Fleury
iud Violin - Mous. Filhou
Tenor - Mons. Labat
Violincello - Mr T. Minton
Double Bass - Mons. Havendoff
Flute - Herr Palin
Clarionet - Mons. Faure
1st Cornet - Mons. Labalestiier
2nd Comet - Mr. Miell
Trombone - Mr. Ellis
Drums, Cymbals, &c.. - Mons. Pietro Canna.
Leader of the Band - MONS. FLEURY.
Conductor - MONS. LAVENUE . . .

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times [NZ] (22 October 1862), 3 

ROYAL PRINCESS' THEATRE . . . MORNING CONCERT, ON FRIDAY, 24th OCTOBER, 1862, On which occasion the following talented artistes will appear: Madame Carandini, Miss Emma Neville, Madame Whyte, Mr W. Sherwin, Mr. J. Small, Mr. R. W. Kohler, Mr. Whyte, Mr. J. Kohler, Mons. Fleury, Mr. C. Cousins, Mr. T. Minton, Mr. Moss, Mr. George Loder, Conductor . . .

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times [NZ] (21 July 1864), 2 

PRINCESS THEATRE . . . To-morrow Evening THE FLOWER OF THE FOREST, and other Entertainments for Benefit of Messrs T. MINTON and REICHARDT, of the Orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times [NZ] (31 July 1865), 1 

ROYAL PRINCESS THEATRE . . . Tho following efficient Orchestra : - leader Mons. A. Fleury; Cornet - Mr. Vollenstein. Piano - Mr. Reichardt. Flute - Mr. J. Smith. Basso - Mr. T. Minton . . .

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Courier (29 August 1874), 3 

. . . THE GREAT HIBERNICON ORCHESTRA, Under the Leadership of that popular author and composer, Professor C. A. BOYD, includes the following first-class artists - Signor G. GAGLIARDI, Mr. A. G. THOMAS, Mr. W. J. CHATLEY, Mr. T. MINTON, Mr. J. BROWN. Pianist - Mr. FRANK RICHARDSON . . .

[Advertisement], Mercury [Fitzroy, VIC] (27 February 1875), 5 

MUSICAL NOTICE. INSTRUCTION on the Violin, Violoncello, and Double Bass.
First-class String or Brass Bands provided on the shortest notice.
Harp and Violin always on hand, AT
30 Wellington Street, Near Victoria Parade.

[Advertisement], Evening News [Sydney, NSW] (24 May 1884), 1 

SUNDAY AFTERNOON. PROMENADE CONCERT. Sir Joseph Banks Pavilion and Pleasure Grounds, BOTANY . . . 16. Tenor song ('cello obligato by Mr. T. Minton) - "To the Confiding Star," Signor Gustavo Bellini . . .

"ANNIVERSARY SERVICES", Tasmanian News (30 March 1891), 2 

Yesterday the people connected with the King Street Church had special religious services in celebration of their eighth anniversary . . . Special hymns and anthems were sung under the direction of Mr. T. J. Roberts, Mr. B. Minton presiding at the organ.

[Advertisement], The Daily Telegraph [Sydney, NSW] (31 March 1893), 2 

. . . THE PRESENT ALHAMBRA ORCHESTRA. Mr. Robt. Lockheed (director and leader), Mr. W. Farrell, Mr. W. Jeffkins, Mr. H. Royal, Mr. T. Minton, and Mr. H. Dixie . .

Tom Minton, Double bass, Alhambra Music Hall, Sydney, c. 1890

"The Pictures on My Wall (No. 3)", Sunday Times (1 July 1928), 12 

Memories of the Old Alhambra . . . The names are: [FRONT ROW] J. Gilmore, W. Ryan, ---- ? , Miss Mary Mackey, Miss Millie Herbert, Miss Jennie Nye, Charlie Austin, Harry Barrington, Miss Grace Folland, Miss Ida Frances, Nina Tulloch, A. Farley, Frank Phillip, and -- Ship.
Back Row: Aaron Parkes, -- , -- Slavin, and Tom Minton [double bass].
For many of the names I am thankful to Mr. "Gyp" Harper, the well-known tonsorial artist, of Cathedral street, Woolloomooloo.


Tenor vocalist, Professor of Singing

Died Northcote, VIC, 20 March 1886


Soprano vocalist, Teacher of Music and Singing

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1871
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1906 (for Europe)

MIRANDA, Beatrice

Soprano vocalist


Soprano vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1874
Died 1944


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 December 1871), 8

"SATURDAY POPULAR CONCERT", The Argus (25 December 1871), 7

"BIRTHS", The Argus (27 October 1873), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 February 1876), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 March 1886), 1

"MISS LALLA MIRANDA", The Argus (5 April 1894), 6


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 June 1906), 14

"MISS BEATRICE MIRANDA", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1908), 7

Bibliography and resources:

"Lalla Miranda", Wikipedia


Musician (street band), itinerant musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1858), 3

Thomas M'Govern was brought before the Bench charged with having committed an assault on view. Constable Newell deposed that between nine and ten o'clock last night, he was on duty in York-street, near the Post Office Hotel, in front of which a band of musicians were performing; he saw defendant strike one of the performers and run away; he saw no provocation given; took defendant into custody. John Mirkett, musician, deposed that while he and others were, last evening, engaged in their vocation in York street, defendant, who was the worse for liquor, interrupted them by laying hold of their instruments; he took hold of him (witness), and wanted to show how he could perform; witness desired him to let go and advised him to go home or he would get into the watch-house; defendant thereupon struck at him several times, and as soon as he succeeded in dealing a blow ran off. To pay 40s. or to be imprisoned one month.

MITCHELL, Mr. (? Mr. C. and Mr. J. MITCHELL were both members)

Vocalist, committee member and music librarian (Adelaide Choral Society)

Active Adelaide, SA, c.1849-1852


"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (28 October 1854), 3 

The Quarterly Concert of this Society was given last evening, in the room adjoining the Freemasons' Tavern, and was, notwithstanding the extreme sultriness of the weather, crowded to excess. The performances evidenced a steady progress on the part of the Society, which was more especially apparent in the greatly increased strength of the orchestra. We have not space to notice in detail the various parts of the programme; but we may state that the audience appeared much gratified with the singing of Miss Chalker and Mr. Mitchell, as well as with the performances on the harp and pianoforte by Miss Horne and Mr. Linger . . .

MITCHELL, Thomas Livingstone

Indigenous culture and song and dance reporter (NLA persistent identifier)

MITCHELL, Alicia (Alice, Mrs. Philip S. DAUNCEY)

Amateur vocalist (pupil of Maria Logan)

Born Middlesex, England, c.1840
Married Philip Sicklemore DAUNCEY, St. John's. Darlinghurst, NSW, 8 September 1859
Died Cookham, Southampton, England, 9 January 1929; buried 12 January 1929, aged 89 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Amateur pianist (pupil of Maria Logan)

Born Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1843
Died Burwood, NSW, 16 September 1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Blanche Mitchell, daughter of the late Sir Thomas, and her elder sister Alice (Alicia), were, at the time Blanche kept her diary, pupils of Maria Logan in Upper William Street, studying piano, singing, and music theory. The diaries contain many references to Mrs. Logan, though give few musical details. Most revealing musically and socially is Blanche's pen-portrait of the unfortunate William Cornelius Uhr, and his attempts at singing.


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1869), 1

Sources (Blanche Mitchell):

State Library of New South Wales, ML MSS 1611: papers of Blanche Mitchell, a Notebook, 1850, containing poems and cuttings b. Diary, 28 Jan. 1858-7 Nov. 1859, 5 June 1860- 27 Feb. 1861, mostly written at Craigend Terrace, Woolloomooloo, N.S.W., describing her social life (DIGITISED) (28 January to 27 December 1858) (30 December 1858 to 7 November 1859) (5 June 1860-27 February 1861) (TRANSCRIPT)

Portrait of Blanche Mitchell, youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Mitchell, c. 1860s; pastel drawing by unknown artist; State Library of New South Wales

Bibliography and resources:

Edna Hickson (ed.), Blanche: an Australian diary 1858-1861: the diary of Blanche Mitchell (Sydney: John Ferguson, 1980), 57-58

Extract from the Diary of Blanche Mitchell (6 November to 8 December 1858) 


Bugler (63rd Regiment)

Active Fremantle, WA, 1830s


 "NOTICE", The Perth Gazette (1 November 1834), 381

NOTICE. ALL PERSONS in this Colony indebted to John Mitchell, Bugler in His Majesty's 63d Regiment of Foot, stationed at Madras, are requested to pay their respective Accounts to William Nairne Clark, Solicitor, Fremantle, who has received authority to manage his property in the Colony. All Claims on the said John Mitchell to be sent in to the same party Fremantle, Oct. 30.

MITCHELL, Madelina Forbes (Madeline; Miss SMITH)


Born England, 1813; baptised Great Thurlow, Suffolk, 20 April 1813
Arrived South Australia, 1838
Active Adelaide, SA, and Melbourne, VIC, 1855
Died St. Kilda, Melbourne, VIC, 9 July 1892, aged 79, a colonist of 54 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Madelina Forbes Mitchell was a pupil of Maria Malibran (1808-1836), and of John Bernard Sale (1779-1856), who was also music teacher in the 1830s of the future Queen Victoria.

According to Adelaide press reports in early 1855, she had been dubbed the "Persian Nightingale", on account of her "Oriental parentage" on one side:

Though only recently a debutante, Mrs. Mitchell has resided in the colonies for a period of sixteen years, and it was only from the pressure of adverse and unforeseen circumstances that she has adopted, as a profession the art in which she has been tutored by the best professors.

Precisely what these adverse circumstances were is unclear. However, according to her husband's obituary (1866), in 1855 or thereabouts:

... the superior attractions of Victoria induced him (as they have many others) to leave a comfortable home and try his fortune on our gold fields.

Mrs. Wallace, said to be a pupil of Mrs. Mitchell, also appeared for the first time at her April concert.

Having been assisted by Carl Linger at her Adelaide concert in February, she appeared at the Melbourne Mechanics' Institute in June 1855, supported by Elizabeth Testar, and advertised that she would take singing pupils in July.

She is probably the Mrs. Mitchell who appeared at the Royal Hotel, Bendigo, in September and October 1855, and perhaps also she teaching music in Sydney in 1857, though her husband died in Sandhurst, VIC, in 1866. She certainly pressed a charge of perjury in Sydney in 1873, dismissed when she failed to appear in court.

She was living in Fitzroy, Melbourne, at the time of the death of a daughter in 1878.


"WILLUNGA MECHANICS' INSTITUTE PUBLIC CONCERT", South Australian Register (8 January 1855), 2

... It would be quite out of place to attempt a critical analysis of the performance, and invidious to particularize beauties where all was good. It will be sufficient to mention that Mrs. Mitchell had the honour of a most enthusiastic and deserved encore in "Wilt thou be my Bride, Kathleen?" and "What shall I do?" for which latter song she substituted the graceful air "Through the Wood" ... We are glad to hear that it is probable the Adelaide public will shortly enjoy an opportunity of listening to Mrs. Mitchell's performance. If we are correctly informed on this point, we are certain there is a treat in store for them which they little expect.

"MUSICAL. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (19 January 1855), 3

Sir - In allusion to a paragraph from a Correspondent, in last Saturday's Observer, headed "Concert at Willunga," allow me through the medium of your valuable journal to offer my most grateful and heartfelt thanks for their kind and truly flattering appreciation of my humble abilities, not forgetting to notice at the same time the patient indulgence of the good people of Willunga in overlooking the many defects of my vocal performance. Your correspondent has evidently known me in more fortunate times than the present, and has with a generosity I little deserve taken this opportunity of endeavouring to serve me. If after a residence of 16 years in this colony unforseen and adverse circumstances now induce me to come before the public as a vocalist, I trust the inhabitants of Adelaide and its vicinity who may honour me with their presence at my forthcoming concert, will indulgently pardon and overlook the many faults that may arise from an apprehension of failing in my endeavours of giving satisfaction to my hearers. MADELINA FORBES MITCHELL. Oak Hill, Morphett Vale, Jany. 15,1855.

"THE GRAND CONCERT AT NEALE'S EXCHANGE", South Australian Register (13 February 1855), 3

Mrs. Mitchell having been honoured with the distinguished patronage mentioned in the programme announcement, it may be deemed presumptuous to offer remarks bordering upon a special invitation; but as a reproduction of the highly favourable criticism elicited by the talented lady's recent exercise of her vocal talents at Willunga can scarcely fail to be beneficial, as well as personally gratifying, we have much pleasure in subjoining a laudatory notice, emanating from a gentleman whose expressions of approbation are, without doubt sincere and appropriate, as well as dictated by a refined musical taste. The notice alluded to is, in substance, as follows:-

"Delighted by the brilliant voice and finished style of this lady, many who have had the pleasure of hearing her sing in private have questioned whether she has her superior, or even her equal, in the Australian colonies; at all events, the people of Willunga were pleased beyond measure at the treat recently afforded them. Mrs. Mitchell is partly of Eastern parentage, and was known in her family circle in England, as 'the Persian Nightingale,' a title richly deserved."

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 February 1855), 3

"NEW VOCALIST", The Age (28 May 1855), 6 

The newly-arrived vocalist, Mrs. Mitchell, who has lately been suffering from severe illness, is now so far recovered that it is probable her first concert will take place during the ensuing week. This lady, we understand, was a pupil of Garcia's, and though never till recently before the public, has been long known as an amateur of great ability.

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", The Argus (15 June 1855), 5

Mrs. Mitchell, whose debut in Adelaide, as a vocalist, a few mouths ago, was signalised by the most unequivocal success, gives her first concert in Melbourne to-morrow evening at the Mechanics' Institution. We have o been informed that this lady was a private pupil of the celebrated Malibran and that subsequent to the death of that great singer she took lessons from Mr. J. B. Sale, at that time the musical preceptor of the Queen, then the Princess Victoria. The Adelaide press speak in the highest terms of Mrs. Mitchell's vocal attainments, and have dubbed her the Persian nightingale, this soubriquet being considered the more appropriate as the lady is, on one side, of Oriental parentage. Although but recently a debutante, Mrs. Mitchell has resided in the colonies for a period of sixteen years, and it was only from the pressure of adverse and unforeseen circumstances that she has adopted, as a profession the art in which she has been tutored by its best professors. We trust that the public will give Mrs. Mitchell, tomorrow evening, a fair opportunity of proving her claims as a vocalist, a kind of talent which is very scarce just now in the colonies.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1855), 8

MRS. MITCHELL Is now prepared to receive a limited number of Young Ladies for Instruction in Singing. Terms, &c., made known on application at 166 Collins-street east.

"MR. SMALL'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 2 

... Mrs. Mitchell's engagement at the Royal, we regret to hear, is concluded, her pleasing manners having created many friends, who, we have no doubt, will regret her departure.

"THE LATE MR. FREDERICK MITCHELL", South Australian Register (30 October 1866), 2

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1857), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1873), 5

The summons against William Stewart, charged at the instance of Madeline Forbes Mitchell with perjury, was dismissed in the City Court yesterday, on account of the non-appearance of the prosecutrix.

"Deaths", The Argus (23 December 1878), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 July 1892), 1

MITCHELL, Samuel Titus (Mr. S. T. MITCHELL)

Professor of music, organist, double-bass player, baker, pastry-cook, storekeeper

Born UK, 13 June 1824
Arrived Perth, WA, 1852
Died Perth, WA, 2 January 1877, in his 53rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"CONCERT AT FREMANTLE", The Inquirer (26 May 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Inquirer (10 July 1872), 1

MR. S. T. MITCHELL, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, (Upwards of seven years Organist in a provincial town in England, and Sixteen years in the Wesleyan Church, Perth,) TAKES this medium of informing the citizens of Perth and its environs, that he is prepared to give Instruction on the Harmonium and Pianoforte to a limited number of Pupils. Terms may be known on application at his residence. Harmoniums and Pianofortes on Hire, Regulated, and Repaired. Hay Street, Perth.

[Advertisement], The Western Australian Times (2 January 1872), 3 

For Sale. Pianofortes and Harmoniums. THE undersigned, through failing health, is now disposing by private sale of his favorite stock of well selected MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, COMPRISING 2 (grand) Pianofortes, tressed legs; 1 plain do.; 4 Harmoniums (1 in oak case very powerful, of 18 stops, fit for a place of worship. 2 of seven octaves each. 1 portable (organ) Harmonium,) and a first class Viola. The foregoing represent as good a selection as the advertiser has had through his hands, and besides being warranted first class instruments, will be disposed of at figures surprisingly below what they would otherwise have been offered for in the usual run of the trade - in fact for their cost price. He has also for disposal several carefully selected and convenient lots of Music, and a Canterbury. N.B.- Early application necessary. S. T. MITCHELL, Hay Street. Perth, Dec. 7th, 1876.

"DEATHS", The Inquirer and Commercial News (10 January 1877), 2

Bibliograhpy and resources:

"MITCHELL, Samuel Titus", Western Australian Museum 

MOCATTA, Jonathan Brandon

Musician, drawing-master, music teacher, tutor

Born ? London, c.1795/1801
Active Launceston and Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838-46
Died Hobart, TAS, 8 May 1852, aged 56 [registration no. 1519] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Most of the Mocatta family active in early colonial Australia were merchants, close relatives of the Montefiores, members of both families also active as landholders in, for instance, the Wellington Valley of NSW. Jonathan was in London at the time of the 1851 census, but returned to Tasmania where he died the following year. There was a reference, a year after his death, to an accompaniment style "a la Mocatta", though whether this was musical, referring to the late Jonathan's personal style of piano playing; or more generally aesthetic, referring perhaps to the architect David Mocatta (1806-1882); or even, simply, anti-semitic, is unclear.


"UNION-HALL", The Globe and Traveller [London] (20 May 1828), 1

Two young men, named J.B.Mocatta and W. Minet, were brought yesterday from Christ Church watch-house for an outrageous assault on very diminutive man named Ord and his wife. The Magistrate perceiving that the defendants wore large mustachios, asked them whether they were military men; in reply to which, Mr. Mocatta said he was a drawing-master, and Mr. Minet a coal-merchant. Mrs. Ord stated, that as she and her husband were returning home on Sunday evening over Blackfriars' Bridge, with their little lap-dog "Fanny" following dose after them, the two defendants called the dog, which approached them, and at the instant Mr. Mocatta gave the little animal a kick in the ribs. Mrs. Ord remonstrated with the individual whom she had seen commit such a wanton act of barbarity, upon which he immediately struck her on the head with his fist with such violence as to break the comb in her hair. Her husband interfered to protect her from further violence, upon which the other defendant, who is a powerful man, knocked him down a tremendous blow on the head. The defendants made considerable resistance on being taken into custody. The magistrate inquired they were intoxicated at the time? Upon which they both exclaimed were not. "For," said the magistrate, "I was inclined to believe that two strong and powerful young men, as you appear to be, would not have attempted to assault this man and his wife unless you were under the influence drink. Your conduct even towards the poor dog was scandalous, and shows what you are. I shall hold you both to bail for the assault."

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 February 1838), 1

WHERE AS, JONATHAN Brandon MOCATTA, has left my service as a Teacher, without any reasonable cause - This is to give notice, that any person or persons harbouring him, after this date, will be dealt with according to law, RICHARD LUCAS. Black Brush, February 23, 1838.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (21 December 1839), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 January 1840), 1s

MR. J. B. MOCATTA begs leave to apprize the Public of Launceston generally, that he it about opening an Establishment in Wellington-street, two doors from the Colonial Hospital, for the instruction of young Gentlemen in all the requisite branches of a sound English, Commercial Education; to which may be added at the option of the parents, who may be willing to entrust their sons to his care, the Latin Classics, Mathematics, French, and Drawing in all its branches. Mr. M.'s experience in the scholastic profession in England and on the Continent of Europe has enabled him to blend into one, the excellencies or the British and Continental Systems of Education, which, with every desire to improve the intellectual faculties of his pupils, will he trusts ensure success. Mr. Mocatta intends to devote the afternoons of Wednesdays and Saturdays to private tuition in the practical and theoretical parts of Music, Drawing, &c. The Terms, which are moderate, may be learned at the Establishment. The School opens on Monday, the 30th Dec. The hours are from nine till twelve, and from one till four o'clock. Launceston, Dec. 21.

"Supreme Court-Civil Side", The Observer (24 March 1846), 3

Jonathan B. Mocatta. - I was once a teacher in Mrs. Richardson's school; I taught music and drawing ...

? 1851, England and Wales census, Middlesex, St. Pancras, Tottenham Court

70 Crescent-place / Aaron Mocatta / Head / 79 / Retired Merchant / London ...
Jonathan Mocatta / Son / 50 / Tutor / V.D. Land British Subj. ...

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1852; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1190218; RGD35/1/3 no 1519 

1519 / May 8th / Jonathan Mocatta / male / fifty six years / Musician / Delir. Tremens / ...

? "Musical", The Courier (27 January 1853), 3 

. . . Mr. Hill, the flautist of the 99th, executed a solo on the flute in splendid style, rendering some of the most difficult passages in a highly creditable manner. We very much regretted that the beauty and simplicity of Mr. Hill's effort, which was deservedly applauded was inexcusably marred by the unmeaning thumping of the pianist accompanying, who leathered away on the "a la Mocatta" system, with no regard to musical nicety . . .

MOCATTA, Solomon

Amateur musician

Active Adelaide, SA, by late 1850s
Died Adelaide, SA, 7 February 1882, "about 65 years of age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LINGER MEMORIAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 July 1863), 2 

The first rehearsal of music for the Linger Memorial Concert took place on Tuesday evening, at the South Australian Institute, at which above fifty performers, vocal and instrumental, attended, under the conductorship of Mr. L. Norman. Amongst the instrumentalists present we noticed Messrs. R. B. White, S. Mocatta, and T. P. Addison, in addition to the leader (Mr. Chapman) and members of the Philharmonic Society. Judging from the interest manifested, both by the English and German friends of their late conductor, the concert bids fair to be a great success as regards orchestral proficiency. We understand that Wednesday evening for the future will be the evening of rehearsal.

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (8 February 1882), 4 

We have to announce the death of Mr. Solomon Mocatta, which occurred at his residence in Adelaide early on Tuesday morning. The deceased gentleman, who was about 65 years of age, came to the colony more than thirty years ago, during the whole of which time be has been trading as a shipping agent and merchant at Port Addaide. He took little or no active part in public affairs, but he was always esteemed as a thoroughly conscientious man of business, and a courteous and kind-hearted gentleman. Although not very wealthy, he was charitable in a quiet way, and one or two acts of great benevolence which he performed reflected the highest credit upon him. As soon as his death was made known at the Port, nearly all the flags were half-masted out of respect to his memory.


Bookseller, bookbinder, music publisher, musiceller, convict

Born Liverpool, England, 1802
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 July 1827 (convict per Guildford)
Business established, by October 1831
Died Sydney, 31 July 1874, aged 72 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also:


"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (5 October 1831), 2

A well-supplied Stationer's shop has been opened by Mr. Moffitt, in King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (12 December 1831), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (16 February 1837), 5 

. . . A large assortment of bound Music Books, and Music Paper of all descriptions . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (25 March 1845), 2

THIS DAY IS PUBLISHED, by William Moffitt, Pitt-street, price Two Shillings, "HUMBUG," Executed by Amateurs, composed and inscribed to all professors of the art, by I. NATHAN.

"DEATH OF MR. WILLIAM MOFFITT", Empire (1 August 1874), 2 

Many of the places of business in Pitt and George streets, especially in the vicinity of King-street, were yesterday partially closed in respect to the late Mr. W. Moffitt, stationer and bookseller, who died somewhat unexpectedly yesterday morning. Mr. Moffitt had been ailing for several days, but no serious fears were entertained by his friends until a day or two since. The deceased gentleman was seventy-two years of age, about forty-five of which had been spent in this colony, the greater part of that time on the premises he occupied at the time of his death. Mr. Moffitt, who was a very wealthy man, had a high reputation for integrity and commercial ability. Though the sad event might reasonably have been anticipated, the sense of bereavement will scarcely be confined to the family or immediate connections of the deceased, who had won for himself the confidence and esteem of numerous friends. Mr. Moffitt was for several years director and chairman of the Joint Stock Bank, and in that and all similar spheres he acted with credit to himself and benefit to the institution in whose management he assisted.

[J. M. Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (21 May 1911), 12

. . . Next the little Inn - the Black Boy of the early forties, the Liverpool Arms of later years - is still standing the establishment founded 80 years ago by Mr. William Moffit, who in the mid thirties, had his business there. Prior to that he had his business in King-street, in a shop opposite "Truth" office, where, I believe, he started in the year 1826. His business was that of a bookbinder, stationer, engraver and copper-plate printer. He likewise "ruled account books to any pattern." Mr. Moffit was the first man to improve the footpath in front of his property with Scotch flagging imported for the purpose; also, I am told, he was the first to introduce plate glass into his shop fronts. Mr. Moffit died a very wealthy man.

I remember him, on summer evenings, sitting at his shop door watching the people pass to the theatres. When not there he might be seen with his old crony, captain Watson, at the house of the latter, Trafalgar Lodge, Castlereagh-street. immediately opposite the Theatre Royal entrance. The cottage stood high up, and was reached by a long flight of steps. It was afterwards occupied by Mr. J. C. Williamson for office purposes. It was Captain Watson who erected the statue of Captain Cook at Randwick, opposite the house he lived in after he had vacated the Castlereagh-street cottage. Mr. Moffitt was succeeded by Mr. Yeo, who had been his manager for many years, and to Mr. Yeo succeeded Messrs. Penfold. Next door to Mr. Moffit, in the year 1847, was Mr. Thomas Strode, letter press printer . . .

Musical and other publications:

A good black gin, an Australian melody, poet, Lieut. J. W. Dent; composer, I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845) 

Humbug, executed by amateurs, composed and Inscribed to all Professors of the Art; by I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845)

[Trade card]

Bibliography and resources:

L. F. Fitzhardinge, "Moffitt, William (1802-1874)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Neidorf 1999, 204-05 (DIGITISED)

MOHR, Herr

Musician, ? violinist, bandmaster

Active Cremorne Gardens, Sydney, NSW, 1856


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1856), 8 

CREMORNE, on THURSDAY. - In consequence of the increased patronage from the Votaries of Terpsichore the proprietors have much pleasure in announcing that they have succeeded in engaging Herr Mohr's string Quadrille Band in addition to Mr. Cox's Cremorne Brass Band. By this arrangement the dancing will continue throughout the evening without cessation.

LINK: Cremorne Gardens Sydney

MOLLOY, Edward

Violin string maker, convict


[Convict assignments], New South Wales Government Gazette (27 June 1832), 156 

822. Molloy Edward, Asia (9), violin string maker, to Robert Pymble, Lane Cove.

MOLTENO, Frederick John

Infant musician, violinist, pianist

Born ? April 1859
Died Norwood, Adelaide, SA, 2 September 1866, aged 7 years and 5 months

MOLTENO, Alice Edith

Juvenile musician, harpist, pianist

MOLTENO, Laura Ada

Infant violinist

Active 1866-69

Frederick John Molteno

Frederick John Molteno; image courtesy of Jennifer Molteno

Frederick John Molteno (Townsend Duryea)

Frederick John Molteno (photograph by Townsend Duryea); image courtesy of Shane Le Plastrier

Alice Edith Molteno (Townsend Duryea)

Alice Edith Molteno (photograph by Townsend Duryea); image courtesy of Shane Le Plastrier


Frederick James Molteno, librarian of Sandhurst, Bendigo goldfields, married Laura Antoinette Sheridan, in London, on 19 March 1856. Based back in Melbourne by 1861 or earlier they raised a musical family. Master Molteno, having been honoured by a private performances at Government House Sydney, gave his first Sydney concert at the School of Arts on 1 February 1866, with patronage including Governor Young and J. H. Plunkett (himself a keen amateur violinist). Staying on in Sydney until May, he gave a Melbourne concert that month, and then toured to South Australia in August. With the Lancashire Bellringers and Miss Chalker at Gawler in late August, "through illness, he was only able to play a couple of pieces". His death notice read:

MOLTENO.- On the 2nd September, at the residence of Mr. Joseph Elliott, William-street, Norwood, Frederick John Molteno (the infant Australian musician), beloved son of Mr. F. J. Molteno, of Willow Cottage, Carlisle-street. St. Kilda, Melbourne, aged seven years and five months, most deeply deplored by his disconsolate parents, and by all who knew him."

His sister, Alice Edith, nine years of age, and a pupil of Henry Hughes, was a harpist and pianist. When she appeared with the Bellringers a month after her brother's death, the Register was of:

... a very decided opinion that it is a great mistake to bring her before the public so early. If her life should be spared she will probably become an accomplished musician, but at present there is nothing in her performance-except that it is done by a child of tender years-to justify her appearance in public. It is really pitiable to see an interesting child, who ought to be in bed at an early hour, set up to exhibit her musical acquirements before an audience, and a grave responsibility rests upon those who put her forward.

The following year, en route to settle in Launceston, the family lost its effects in a shipping accident, occasioning a Launceston benefit at which two children and Mrs. Molteno appeared:

We understand that they lost a piano harp, [f]lute, furniture, linen, and clothes; a very serious loss indeed. Mr. Molteno had a been engaged as classical and mathematical master of the Church Grammar School; and in addition to the losses mentioned above, he has to add a choice classical library. We are given to understand that Mrs. Molteno will take part in the concert, her oldest daughter of ten years will play the harp, and the youngest, aged six, will play the violin.

The Molteno children appeared again in Sydney in mid-1868, supported by, among others, J. C. Neild, Henry Marsh and Charles Horsley, and in Launceston in 1869. Jennifer Molteno informs me that the family stayed in Tasmania for only a couple of years before returning to England to live, though Frederick James also took his daughters to USA to perform. Little Frederick John's uncle (and Frederick James's brother) was John Charles Molteno, the first prime minister of the Cape Colony, South Africa (the Molteno whose name is found regularly in Australian newspapers in the second half of the 19th century).

His grandfather and great-grandfather had been print-sellers in Pall Mall, London, Anthony Molteno and James Anthony Molteno.


"MARRIED", The Argus (11 August 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1866), 8

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 5

"The Orpheonist Society ...", Empire (19 February 1866), 2

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298

[News], The Argus (22 May 1866), 5


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 August 1866), 1

"THE LANCASHIRE BELLRINGERS", South Australian Register (7 August 1866), 2

"THE LANCASHIRE BELLRINGERS", South Australian Register (13 August 1866), 2

"GAWLER", South Australian Register (30 August 1866), 3

"THE INFANT MUSICIAN", South Australian Register (29 August 1866), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (3 September 1866), 2

"FUNERAL OF MASTER MOLTENO", South Australian Register (6 September 1866), 2

"THIS EVENING'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (1 October 1866), 2


[News], Launceston Examiner (30 July 1867), 5

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (17 August 1867), 5

"GRAND CONCERT OF JUVENILE ARTISTES &C.", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1868), 8

"PUBLIC READING", Launceston Examiner (17 June 1869), 3

MONDS, James

Convict, actor, vocalist

Born Donegal, Ireland, c.1808
Convicted (forgery) London, 1830
Arrived NSW, 28 July, 1831 (convict per Exmouth, from England, 3 March 1831)
Active Norfolk Island, 1840 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Monds participated in the theatrical and musical program presented on Queen's Birthday 1840 at Norfolk Island.


JAMES MONDS, Deception, forgery, 28 October 1830; Proceedings of the Old Bailey online 

"GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, WEDNESDAY, 3 JUNE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 June 1835), 4 

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 1st June, 1834. ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY POUNDS REWARD. WHEREAS it has been represented to the Government, that the undermentioned nine Men, consisting of four private Soldiers of the 4th (or King's Own) regiment, one free Overseer, and four Convicts attached to No. 2 Stockade, on Cox's River availed themselves of a favourable opportunity by the absence of some of the Guard on duty elsewhere, to escape from the Stockade on the 25th ultimo, and it is supposed they will make for Twofold Bay, for the purpose of seizing a Whale Boat ... 9. Name, James Monds, ship Exmouth; age, 27 years; native place, Donegal; trade, clerk; height, 5 feet 5 inches; complexion, pale and freckled; hair brown; eyes, grey; general remarks, scar on left eye. By His Excellency's Command, ALEXANDER McLEAY.

NORFOLK ISLAND", The Sydney Herald (24 June 1840), 2

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE, NORFOLK ISLAND. On Monday, 25th May, in honour of HER MAJESTY'S BIRTH-DAY, Will Performed, by Permission, Two Acts of the admired Comic Opera of the CASTLE OF ANDALUSIA ... Pedrillo, James Monds ... AFTER WHICH, A MUSICAL MELANGE ... Comic Song - Walker, the Two-penny Postman, J. Monds ... After which, the Musical Entertainment of THE PURSE; OR, THE BENEVOLENT TAR ... Sally, James Monds ...

Music concordances:

"Mr. Walker, the two-penny postman (TUNE - "Gary Owen"), in Comic Songs by Thomas Hudson (London: Gold and Walton, 1824), 16-17 

MONK, Cyril

Violinist, child prodigy

Born Surry Hills, NSW, 9 March 1882
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 7 March 1970 (NLA persistent identifier)


Bibliography and resources:

Helen Bainton, "Monk, Cyril Farnsworth (1882-1970)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986) 

... son of James Monk, grocer from England, and his native-born wife Rosa Agnes, née Bullen. His mother began teaching him the piano when he was 4 and he was later sent to Samuel Chudleigh for the violin. He made frequent public appearances until he became a pupil of Josef Kretschmann and of Alfred Hill who taught him theory and composition. In 1894 he won a gold medal at the Sydney Eisteddfod. He was a member of the orchestra conducted by Roberto Hazon for J. C. Williamson's Italian opera season in 1901-02 and was first violin with the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1901-03 ...


Professor of Music, pianist, violoncellist, historian-memorialist

Born Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, England, 1835 (brother of Philip MONTAGUE)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 (or recte 1853)
Died Camberwell, VIC, 9 May 1926 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Cellist, violoncello player

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1897 (? son of Alfred MONTAGUE)


Violinist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1899 (son of Alfred MONTAGUE)


By his own later account (1925), Montague arrived in Melbourne in December 1852, with an introduction from Michael Costa to Thomas Reed. However, he recalled that the first time he played for Reed was in a concert featuring John Winterbottom (who arrived in April 1853). Montague, just 16 (?), was a member of the orchestra at the first concert of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, in December 1853.

A "professor of music" of Fitzroy, Montague was before the insolvent court in September 1861 citing "losses in mining speculations, and pressure of creditors" as cause of his financial distress. He was pianist at a Grand Military Concert for the Carlton Rifles in May 1869, and appearing with Zelman in 1876 was described as "the well-known Violoncellist". He played regularly in string quartets for the Musical Artists' Society in the late 1870s, along with Philip Montague, his brother.


"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (20 September 1861), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 September 1876), 8

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (29 April 1878), 6

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (4 August 1879), 6

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (21 August 1882), 7

"MUSIC", The Australasian (25 September 1897), 36 

... The only instrumental music consisted of a pianoforte Tarantella (Nicode), pleasingly played by Miss M. Burney, and a violoncello solo, that proved Mr. Arthur Montague to be a promising young performer upon that instrument ...

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 August 1899), 5 

The Hawthorn Orchestral Society's concert will take place this evening ... The society will he assisted by Signorina Coy and Signor Rebottaro, and the orchestra, numbering 58 performers, under the leadership of Mr. Leonard Montague, will be conducted by Mr. Alberto Zelman, jun., the hon. conductor.

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 May 1926), 1

Published writings:


To have been associated with pupils of Mendelssohn, Chopin, Paganini, and Czerny; to have played Mendelssohn's 'Christmas Pieces' from the first copy received from London; and to have been associated with the musical life of Melbourne for nearly 73 years-these are among the experiences for Mr. Alfred Montague, who though aged 80 years, is still engaged in his profession as a teacher of music. Born in Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire, in 1835, Mr. Montague was first moved to make music his career by the kindly interest of the great conductor Michael Costa, who heard him play his 'cello and recommended him to further study. In London he studied at the Royal Academy of Music under Philip Cipriani Potter, teacher of Sterndale Bennett, a subsequent principal of the Academy.

[Montague writes] "I first saw Melbourne in December, 1852 ... I had brought with me a letter of introduction from Costa to Mr. Reed (better known to me afterwards as 'Daddy' Reed), who was the autocrat of the musical world in Melbourne ...





[6] "SEVENTY YEARS OF MUSIC. Mr. MONTAGUE'S MEMORIES.", The Argus (24 October 1925), 13

[7]"SEVENTY YEARS OF MUSIC. MR. MONTAGUE'S MEMORIES.", The Argus (31 October 1925), 12

Includes at the end a letter to the editor from "A Pleased Reader/Septuagenarian", with supplementary information.

MONTAGUE, Fearnleigh Leonard

American painter, amateur composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1869 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1869), 1

"NEW SONG", Launceston Examiner (13 July 1876), 3

"ACKNOWLEDGMENT", The Mercury (21 July 1876), 2

Musical works:

The ship in full sail (a jovial song sung with unbounded applause by Edward Farley; words and music by Fearnleigh L. Montague) (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [1876]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Fearnleigh L. Montague", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

MONTAGU, Henry Neville (Mr. H. N. MONTAGU)

Music critic, music reviewer, journalist, musician, member of Orpheonist Society, Sydney Masonic Musical Union

Born c. 1825
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1859
Died Camperdown, NSW, 15 March 1901, in his 77th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MONTAGU, Blanche

Soprano, pianist (pupil of Alice Charbonnet-Kellermann)

Born Sydney, NSW, 23 March 1867

MONTAGU, Jessie Beatrice



"THEATRICALS. PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 August 1859), 3 

... Last night the house presented a brilliant array of fashion, the performances being in aid of the Lavenu Benefit Fund. The opera of Il Trovatore was the piece selected, between the 4th and 5th Acts of which, Mr. Burford delivered the following Address of Acknowledgment, written for the occasion by Mr. G. F. Pickering ...

The exertions of Messrs J. R Clarke and H. N. Montague [sic], the Treasurer and Secretary to tho Lavenu Committee, in promotion of this benevolent movement, are beyond all praise, and the gratification derived from its remits will, doubtless, amply repay their "labor of love".

"WOLLONGONG GRAMMAR SCHOOL", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (4 September 1883), 2 

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1901), 1 

"PERSONAL", Sunday Times (17 March 1901), 7 

A Sydney identity in the person of Mr. H. N. Montagu, B.A., Ph.D., died on Friday at the ripe age of 77. The deceased gentle man had been a resident of this city for the past 40 years, and for a long time was the successful proprietor of Queen's College for Girls, Darlinghurst. He was also a jou nalist, both in England and here (as dramatic critic for the "Morning Post," London) and was for years dramatic and musical critic for the "Empire," "Town and Country Journal," and other Sydney papers, and was for some years sole proprietor of Sydney "Punch." He was also a prominent mason, and for his services to the craft in New South Wales was made P.G.S.D. England, a distinguished honor. His widow and a numerous family, of whom Mr. Neville W. Montagu, of Sydney, solicitor, is the eldest, survive him. His remains were interred yesterday at Rookwood.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1948), 14


Jessie, a conversation polka (words by H. N. Montague [sic]; music by Henry Marsh) (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [1860]) (in owner bound album)


Professor of Music, violinist, quartet player

Born Bedfordshire, England, 1834 (brother of Alfred MONTAGUE)
Arrived VIC, ? c. 1850s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 July 1889, aged 55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Argus (26 November 1877), 4

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (29 April 1878), 6

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (4 August 1879), 6

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (21 August 1882), 7

"Deaths", The Argus (23 July 1889), 1

[News], Table Talk (26 July 1889), 15 

Mr. Philip Montague, the popular piano tuner and violinist, died last Friday in his fifty-fifth year. Deceased was born in Bedfordshire in 1834, and as he evinced a great liking for music, his parents engaged the best available teachers for their son's tuition. As a boy he soon surpassed all the local players, but the charms of an outdoor life led him to enter one of the largest firms in the district to learn agriculture in all its branches. When a young man, Mr. Montague went to British North America, and there took and cleared for farming purposes a large tract of ground, but not liking the climate came to Victoria in the early days of the gold fever. For many years he followed a gold mining career with varied success, and was in one of several companies formed to turn the Yarra from its course, take tunnels through the mountains and other similar undertakings. Whenever courage and a strong hand were wanted, Philip Montague was always to be found. His name is well-known in the rough country of the Upper Yarra, as one of the pioneers of that district. Becoming at last tired of this wandering life, he turned his attention to music and in spite of his many years of hard work, soon acquired a good position among Melbourne players, being for years one of the Melbourne Quintette Society, and more recently of the Centennial Orchestra. He was also engaged for the forth-coming Victorian orchestra, but his health and mind gave way, and early this month his friends had him removed to the Kew Asylum, where he died last Friday from softening of the brain and gangreen of the lungs. Deceased was a brother of Mr. Alfred Montague, the well-known violinist.


Businessman, playwright, librettist, songwriter

Born Barbados, 11 January 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 October 1837 (per Lord William Bentinck, from London, 15 June)
Married Caroline LOUYET, London, England, 9 July 1851
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1876
Died London, England, 24 January 1885 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dedicatee, ? amateur pianist

Born c.1832
Married Jacob Levi MONTEFIORE, London, England, 9 July 1851
Died London, England, 1901 (TROVE tagged)


Montefiore wrote the libretto John of Austria (MS, Archives NSW), set to music as Don John of Austria by Isaac Nathan and first produced in Sydney in May 1847.

According to one report Montefiore also provided two "original songs" introduced at Miska Hauser's Sydney concert on 2 December 1854. These were perhaps the two advertised as set to music by Hauser, namely "Australia's National Song, "Hail Australia", composed by Miska Hauser expressly for Mr. Frank Howson", and a "Romanza, composed expressly for the occasion" and sung by Sara Flower.

Hauser dedicated his lost piano piece Chanson d'amour ([Sydney: W. J. Johnson, 1855] to Caroline Montefiore.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (9 October 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1847), 1

[Review], Heads of the people (May 1847); reprinted in "AUSTRALIANA", The World's News (5 July 1924), 8 

On Monday evening: last was produced, for the first time, an opera in three acts, entitled, "Don John of Austria," the libretto by Mr. Montefiore, of the colony, and the music by Nathan. It would be unfair to criticise harshly this laudable attempt at public amusement, and we sincerely hope this may not be the last of the authors'. The music is scientifically composed throughout, but it is too scarce of simple melodies to render it a favorite with the audience of a Sydney theatre. The piece was heard patiently, and sufficiently applauded. Mrs. Guerin and the Howsons were in most excellent voice. We should much like a comic opera from the veteran, with songs interspersed, such as, "Why Are You Wandering?" or "Love, Thy Timid, Whispering Tongue", and others.

[Advertisement], Empire (30 November 1854), 1

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT. To the Editor", Empire (7 December 1854), 5

SIR - Allured by the rather savoury bill of fare of Miska Hauser, I hied me to the "Victoria" last Saturday night, in full expectation of enjoying no common treat, but saving the inimitable performances of the "celebrated Hungarian," I was more than disappointed - vexed, exasperated. In the first place the company were deprived of three of the principal pieces, viz. - the "Darthala" trio, Scena, "Ah, faint my heart," and the duet, "Mighty Jove," - for what reason I know not, as no reason was given, or any apology made for their omission. Secondly, during the evening they were presented with two original (very) songs from the pen of I. L. Montefiore, Esq., "which must be read to be appreciated." And here I would ask if it is fair that the audience of a first-class concert should be crammed with such trash - such downright childishly-strung together thees and seas, - graves and braves, - story's and glory's of would-be poets like "I. L. Montefiore, Esq."? The idea is absurd - nay, such poetic effusions, (shades of the Nine-inspired, let your "voiceless lips be dumb,") would be positively offensive to the easily satiated street-song listener. You may give this a place in the Empire, or no - as you please. If you suppress it, you will have done no more than other editors have done before you, who are afraid of big men. If it appears, it is to be hoped that it may be of some use to lax theatrical managers, &c., and over-aspiring authors, I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, VICTIM. [extracts from] I. L. M's "Romanza."

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Montefiore, Jacob Levi (1819-1885)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

MONTEZ, Lola (MONTES; "countess of Lansfeldt")

Dancer, entertainer

Born Limerick, Ireland, 1818
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, May 1856
Died Brooklyn, USA, 17 January 1861 (NLA persistent identifier)



Montez arrived in Australia with a company including the singer Harriet Fiddes and her daughters, and, as her musical director, the violinist Charles Eigenschenck.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

"CALIFORNIA. FROM A CORRESPONDENT. San Francisco, June 6th, 1855", Empire (17 August 1855), 4

The famous Lola Montez, and a tribe of theatricals will arrive in your city by the Fanny Major. They have done little or nothing in California. Lola has made some money by purchasing a share in a quartz claim at Grass Valley. She visits Australia in opposition to the advice of many of her best friends who have pointed out to her the difference in sentiment and feeling which exists between an English and American audience. It is an unwise step.

"SYDNEY (From our own Correspondent) 4th May, 1856", The Courier (27 May 1856), 2

Lectures of Lola Montez, countess of Landsfeld, including her autobiography (New York: Rudd and Carlton, 1858)

Related colonial prints:

The Lola Montez polka (by Paul Henrion) (Sydney: H. Marsh, [1855]) 

Lola Montez schottische [by J. Paltzer (Melbourne: [s.n., 1860])

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Cannon, "Montez, Lola (1818-1861)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

MOON, Elizabeth Anne

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Eliza Wallace Bushelle)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 24 June 1891


"MISS E. A. MOON", Freeman's Journal (27 June 1891), 15

A very accomplished Sydney singer and a devout Catholic has passed away in Miss Elizabeth Anne Moon, who died at her father's residence, 136 Prince-street, on the 24th inst. The gifted lady was a member of a well-known and highly-respected family of St. Patrick's parish, and she herself was the leader of the choir for over 18 years. Miss Moon was a purely Australian singer and one of the best the colonies has produced. She was born in Sydney and was, if we mistake not, one of Madame Bushelle's pupils. Gifted by nature with a soprano voice of brilliant quality and extensive range, she applied herself enthusiastically to study, and for many years held the first place as a vocalist in Sydney musical circles. In the days of the Civil Service Society she was a great favourite, and her singing at St. Patrick's was always an attraction. Some 18 years ago Miss Moon made a successful appearance in opera in Maritana in Sydney, but she declined the offers to join the operatic stage. For several years Miss Moon has been a teacher, but ill-health obliged her to give up both teaching and singing some time back. It is admitted that in music of a florid character she had no superior, and few equals, in Australia.

MOORE, Mrs. (Mrs. MOORE)

Actor, vocalist

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1849-50 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MOORE, Andrew (Andrew De Horne MOORE; Andrew MOORE; Mr. A. MOORE; Mr. MOORE)

Violinist, orchestra leader, composer

Born Bow, London, England, 26 July 1826
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1850 (per Francis Ridley, from Plymouth, 13 April)
Active Sydney, NSW, until ? August 1874
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 17 March 1881, "aged 58 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MOORE, Rachel (Miss LAZAR)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Born ? London, England, 10 December 1827 (date on tombstone); daughter of John LAZAR
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 February 1837 (per Lady McNaughten, from Leith, 9 May via Hobart)
Married Andrew MOORE, Adelaide, SA, 13 November 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 20 December 1905, aged 78 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Moore was the son of Andrew Moore, draper, and his wife Ann Lawrence, of Bow, London. He and his brother George appear in the 1841 census at a school for young gentlemen at 228 High Street, Poplar, Middlesex. Only 9 years later, he left Britain seeking a "renovation of health" in South Australia.

Apart from advertising himself in Adelaide as "Late of Her Majesty's Theatre" [London], he was too young to have had much British reputation as a performer, though he was at least already a published composer: the British Library has a copy of his Valse brillante on Barnaby Rudge's Dream for the piano forte, etc. (London: Duff & Hodgson, [1849]).

In Adelaide, he first appeared as a solo violinist in an Adelaide Choral Society concert. Having received a "very kind reception", he advertised his intention of staying on in Adelaide to "give lessons in Duet and Concertante playing on the violin and piano". He introduced "expressly composed" and locally titled new works into his new series of "Promenade Concerts", in October his South Australian polka ("Dedicated to Osmond Gillies, Esq."), and a Schottische inventively entitled The bushman's cooey, as well as a song, Sentimentality versus reality, sung by, and perhaps composed for, the first lady of Adelaide theatre, Rachel Lazar.

The Register regretted it was unable to speak eulogistically of Moore's original contributions, "though The Bushman's Cooey was favourably received". In November, however, Moore's Australian air, probably variations for violin on a local tune, "was well received and certainly deserved applause".

Toward the end of the year, Moore married Rachel Lazar, and thus into the family of John Lazar, co-proprietor with George Coppin of the Adelaide theatre. There, with assistance from Spencer Wellington Wallace and August Huenerbein, Moore added several new musical pieces to the 1851 season, starting with ("especially for this theatre") the "operetta", or "musical petite drama", Jeanette and Jeannott; or, The conscript and his bride. With "overture, and new music, composed and arranged by Mr. Moore", it was performed six times, starting on 30 January 1851.

Moore may also have composed some new music (and arranged and scored a great many of the original numbers) for subsequent productions, including the operetta The spirit of the Rhine in February, and the pantomime Harlequin Fat and Harlequin Bat in June ("The music composed and arranged by Mr. Moore").

Lazar and Coppin were forced by October to announce the theatre's closure, and, perhaps in anticipation, the "intended departure of Messrs [Frederic] Ellard and Moore from Adelaide" was announced in the press in September, though a farewell concert by them planned for 10 October was cancelled.

In Sydney, Moore made a respectable concert debut in November 1851, attended by the Governor-General, in which he included his Australian air varie for solo violin ("a variation, by himself, on an Australian air"). Having entered into a music-retail partnership with Henry Marsh (as Marsh and Moore), Marsh's grand annual concert on 18 December 1851 was a showcase of Moore's work. Sara Flower sang Moore's song Falling leaves, "dedicated to Mrs. Henry Marsh", published under the new imprint of "Marsh and Moore" (see also their print of Otho Fitzgerald's The spirit of the ball galop, perhaps the original of the "grand gallop" below. The shortlived partnership, formed only in December 1851, was dissolved amicably in March 1852:

... in consequence of Mr. Moore's professional engagements rendering him liable to heavy penalties if he does not, within a given time, complete the same.

Moore played two for his own violin solos, La coquette and Capriccio arpeggio, and contributed an arrangement involving the crème of Sydney music, a:

Grand Gallop, 12 pianofortes arranged for this occasion by Mr. Andrew Moore. Performers: Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and Messrs. Stanley, Frank Howson, John Howson, Sigmont, Emanuel, W. Johnson, Weber, Bök, A. Moore, and H. Marsh.

A British visitor, John Shaw, witnessed the performance, and later described it in his travel book, A Tramp to the diggings

I attended a concert, which was very well got up: there was very fair singing, a good solo on the flute, a very good executionist on the violin, and twelve pianos played at the same time; this latter I thought a very great treat to the lovers of noise!

The program also included Moore's new and topical buffo song, These odious diggings, which the Herald liked enough ("this trifle made a hit") to describe it at length and reproduce the full text. By the time it was repeated at the Gautrots's second last concert, it had also been published, and later in 1852 it was revived by John Howson at the Royal Victoria Theatre. Sadly, no copy has been identified.

Though the Herald noted that "as a violinist and composer [he] has been received, since his arrival here with considerable favour by our cogniscenti", Moore announced his final Sydney concert on 24 March 1852, "previous to his departure from the colony", at which he reportedly introduced another composition, the song King David's lamentation on the death of His son Absolom.

In fact, the Moores stayed on through the winter at the Royal Victoria, taking their benefit on the final night of the season, during which Andrew made "his first appearance" as an actor in one of the plays. The Moores appeared in concerts in February and March 1863 in Melbourne, where they resettled, and were living at Collingwood in 1856.

Perhaps continued ill health accounts for Andrew's low professional profile thereafter. Perhaps he lost interest (or heart) in pursuing a colonial solo and composing career, though he reappears in the theatre bills in Adelaide in the 1860s. He later returned to Sydney, where at the Christmas Burlesque at the Royal Victoria in 1870, the music was "arranged by and performed under the Leadership of Mr. Andrew Moore".

He was still teaching violin in Sydney as late as August 1874. If he is indeed A. H. Moore, his only other surviving composition is the Irene waltz, published perhaps c.1870.

More to come on Rachel's career in due course.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (15 May 1837), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (5 August 1850), 2

"THE CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 August 1850), 3

 [Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 August 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 October 1850), 2

[News], South Australian Register (16 October 1850), 3

"MR. MOORE'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (13 November 1850), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 January 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 June 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1851), 1

"MR. A. MOORE'S SOIREE MUSICALE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1851), 1

"Mr. HENRY MARSH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1851), 2

"[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1852), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 August 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1852), 3

"SOIREE MUSICALE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1856), 8

"MRS. CHARLES POOLE'S LITERARY AND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1863), 4 

... The second part began with Mr. Andrew Moore's performance on the violin of several variations on the seventh air of De Beriot. Mr. Moore was listened to with breathless attention, and rewarded with a very flattering recall to the dais after the brilliant finale of the admirable composition which he had selected ... The ballads sung by Madame Flora Harris and by Mrs. Moore, at this portion of the entertainment, were also good ... The song of the "Merry Maids of England," by Mrs. Moore, also deserved an especial commendation ...

"The Drama in Sydney", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 January 1870), 23 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1870), 9

... Let us now revert to another house that is nightly attracting crowds to witness a first-class entertainment: we allude to the Royal Adelphi Theatre in York street. This is a veritable phoenix risen from its ashes. Once upon a time it was the theatre of Sydney, but as finer buildings arose, with more commodious accommodation, it gradually descended until, as Clark's "Varieties," it procured a name that when mentioned was always received with a shrug of the shoulders. However, the Victoria Theatre having been closed, and being unapproachable by a lessee, except upon payment of an exorbitant rent, the present management at the Adelphi undertook its resuscitation .... The pantomime is excellent, its scenic effects being grand and startling. The orchestra, under the direction of Mr. Andrew Moore, is complete, and composed of excellent musicians.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 April 1872), 1

The Cantatrice, Comedy and Burlesque Artiste, MADAME LAPORTE ... Susan Smudge (her inimitable character), in which she will sing "They calls me Molly Mopps," words by Geo. Simms; music composed expressly for her by Andrew Moore, Esq., of Sydney, Madame LA PORTE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1874), 1

MR. ANDREW MOORE, Professor of the Violin, 4, Williams-terrace Bourke-st, Woolloomooloo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1874), 10

THE VIOLIN - Mr. ANDREW MOORE receives Pupils - 4, Williams'-terrace, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo - where may be had manuscript copies of Mr. Moore's Dance Music, Quadrilles, Lancers, &c., on the latest and most popular airs arranged for the violin, with pianoforte accompaniment if required.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1881), 1

MOORE.- March 17, at his residence, Bourke-street, Sydney, Andrew De Horne Moore, aged 53 years.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1905), 10

MOORE - December 21 at her residence, Hargrave-street, Paddington, Rachel, relict of the late Andrew De Horne Moore, aged 78 years.

Bibliography and resources:

John Shaw, A Tramp to the Diggings: Being notes of a ramble in Australia and New Zealand in 1852 (London: Richard Bentley, 1852), 202

My thanks: To family historian Gillian Withers for sharing her findings, and copies of Andrew Moore's baptism, death, and burial records, May 2013

MOORE, George


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"CHARGE OF FELONY AGAINST A PUBLICAN", The Argus (26 June 1856), 6

Daniel O'Reilley again appeared on remand at the City Court yesterday, in answer to the information laid against him by Messrs. Eastwood and Clarke, for having "feloniously" taken away from the Sportsman's Arms Hotel, in Russell-street, sundry articles of their property ... George Moore, a musician in the hotel, said he saw O'Reilley nailing up some boxes on Monday ...

MOORE, George Fletcher

Amateur vocalist, flautist, composer, songwriter, Indigenous language and culture reporter

Born Donemana, Tyrone, Ireland, 10 December 1798
Arrived Fremantle, WA, October 1830 (per Cleopatra)
Departed WA, 1852
Died London, England, 30 December 1886 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SWAN RIVER", The Sydney Monitor (4 January 1832), 2

FOR THE LADIES - TO BE RAFFLED FOR - A young man five feet eleven inches and three quarters in height, three feet nine inches across the shoulders, portly in his appearance, and has a prominent nose, his total aspect particularly "imposing;" he is peculiarly graceful in his movements, takes snuff, draws a cigar, plays the flute, can walk a quadrill, and does not drink small beer. A likeness of the young man may be seen in a few days at the Harbour Master's office. The raffle will take place as soon as £5,000 is subscribed. - Tickets £10 each, to be had of Mr. Lyones; no lady to be allowed to have more than five, that the Colony may have fair play.

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", The Perth Gazette (21 March 1840), 30

[Editorial], The West Australian (5 January 1887), 2

Song (1831):

Western Australia for me (Air: Ballinamona oro) in:

Cross 1833, 236-37

Moore 1884, 68

Literary works:

Moore 1842

Moore 1884

(20) [1830] . . . This reference is to my sister Catherine playing a piece of music which we had often practised together, she on the piano, I on the flute . . . (55) [Letter, August 1831] . . . I have been favoured with two new songs from birds like thrushes; the notes are not much varied, but seem rather a repetition of something corresponding with these words, "come with me and let us make a nest, ah! do," to which the other seems to reply, "no indeed I shan't, at least with you" - the last note accented . . . (58) [I] have just written for Mrs. Tanner a song about this colony, of which she wishes to send her friends a copy; but I have not time now to transcribe it, but must do so at some other time. I have a song in my mind, suggested by that of a bird's notes; and if I can get my flute mended, shall set it for you . . . (124) [21 August 1832] . . . I want a flute; sadly, mine was broken on the passage; and this day, when I took up one which an itinerant schoolmaster left in my kitchen, I found that my fingers had lost their wonted familiarity with it.

Bibliography and resources:

Cross 1833, 156, 157, 236-37

Alfred H. Chate, "Moore, George Fletcher (1798-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

MOORE, Henry Byron

Amateur musician, organist, composer, stockbroker

Born Surrey, England, 11 February 1839
Arrived Australia, 1852 (per Aberfoyle)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 June 1925 (NLA persistent identifier)



"MR. BYRON MOORE'S WORKS", The Argus (31 May 1901), 5

"MR. H. BYRON MOORE. VETERAN SECRETARY OF V.R.C. Reminiscences of 70 Years", The Argus (20 October 1922), 11

To many thousands of people throughout Australia the name of Mr. H. Byron Moore, secretary of the Victoria Racing Club, is a household word .... Mr. Byron Moore is a lover of music, but his other interests have prevented him from taking an active part in musical affairs for many years. In his younger days, however, he played no small part in building up musical taste. He was the founder of the Philharmonic Society in Geelong, and conducted the oratorio Elijah when it was first performed in this part of the world (for principals he had the original Lyster Opera Company), and an orchestra and chorus of 250. He was vice-president of the Melbourne Liedertafel for many years, and under his baton the late Armes Beaumont sang his first principal part in "The Messiah" in 1860 ...

"DEATH OF MR. BYRON MOORE", The Argus (23 June 1925), 11

... Music was another of his interests, and in addition to playing the organ and leading a choir in his younger days he became an expert organ builder. He composed a number of hymn tunes and chants.

Musical works:

Twelve double chants. dedicated (by permission) to the Right Reverend James Moorehouse, D.D., Lord Bishop of Melbourne, composed by H. Byron Moore; edited by G. W. Torrance ([Moonee Ponds]: Published for the benefit of the organ fund, St. Thomas Church, Moonee Ponds, 1879) 

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne G. Mellor, "Moore, Henry Byron (1839-1925)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

MOORE, Jeremiah John

Music publisher, music seller, book seller, stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1845
Died Woollahra, Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1883, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Moore operated from premises in George Street opposite St. Andrew's Cathedral as a bookseller and publisher. He printed Gustavus Arabin's drama Malavolti in 1845, but his first important book publication was major Thomas Mitchell's Australian geography in 1850. From 1852 he published Moore's Australian almanac.

In November 1856, Moore advertised:

to the music-loving people of these colonies, that he has made arrangements to reproduce in a handsome manner, and much superior to anything of the kind hitherto produced in this colony, a series of the newest and most popular pieces of music, at less than half the English price. The following pieces are already published at the annexed prices:

1. The Lancer's quadrilles

[2]. The sultan polkas

3. Then you'll remember me (Song by Balfe)

4. King Pippin's polka

5. Lilly Dale (Park's Edition No. 5)

6. The postman's knock (Park's Edition No. 6)

7. Moonlight polka

8. Old folks at home

9. Shells of the ocean (Park's Edition No. 9)

10. Young England quadrille (Park's Edition No. 10)

11. Cushla Machree

12. Oh steer my bark to Erin's isle

13. I'm leaving thee Annie (Park's Edition No. 13)

14. By the sad sea waves

15. The Egyptian polka

Both the cover and music lithography was the work of Alexander Archibald Park who was also responsible for several later musical prints in their joint series; the following advertised in March 1857:

[?]. My Mary Anne or bobbing around quadrilles

[?]. The Royal Irish quadrilles ("arranged by Jullien")

25. Annie Laurie ("a favourite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock).

It sold for 1 shilling, and therefore may have been issued to undercut Woolcott and Clarke's 2/6 edition of the song ("as sung by Mrs. St John Adcock") which they had published in 1855.

[?] Heart's misgiving (a favourite song)


26. La varsoviana ("new and admired dance")

Thereafter Moore's advertisements seem to mention only imported music.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1846), 1

"ROBBING AN EMPLOYER", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1849), 3

"BOOKSELLERS and STATIONERS PICNIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1880), 7

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1883), 1

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (29 November 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1857), 8 

NEW MUSIC - Cheap Music, at less than one-half the English price. Just published -
My Mary Anne, or Bobbing Around Quadrilles, 1s. 6d.
The Royal Irish Quadrilles, 1s. 6d.
Annie Laurie, (a favourite song), 1s. 6d.
Heart's Misgiving, (a favourite song), 1s. 6d.
J. MOORE, Publisher, George-street, opposite St. Andrew's Cathedral. ~ A large assortment of music always on hand.

[Advertisement], Empire (9 September 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (18 March 1858), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 205-07 (Moore), 221 (Park) (DIGITISED)

MOORE, Joseph Sheridan (J. Sheridan MOORE)

Poet, lyricist, songwriter

THIS ENTRY IS A STUB (NLA persistent identifier)

MOORE, Mrs. J. Sheridan = Flora HARRIS


J. Sheridan Moore, Spring-life: lyrics and Australian melodies (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, 1864)

Bibliography and resources:

Frances Devlin Glass, "Moore, Joseph Sheridan (1828-1891)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)


Schoolmaster, teacher of the flute and dancing

Active Campbelltown, NSW, 1835-36


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 December 1835), 1

Mr. [Hammond], intending to retire at the commencement of the ensuing Year, recommends as his Successor Mr. JAMES MOORHOUSE, who has for several years been employed as his Assistant. ... J.M. will, should it meet the approbation of his Patrons, give Instructions on the Flute, and teach Dancing gratuitously.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 May 1836), 1

MOOWATTIN, Daniel (Mo-Watty)

Indigenous singer, executed felon

Born Parramatta, NSW, c.1791
Departed 1810 (on the Hindoostan for England)
Returned to Sydney 1811
Executed The Rocks, Sydney, NSW, 11 November 1816 (NLA persistent identifier)


"COURT OF CRIMINAL JURISDICTION", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 September 1816), 1 Supplement

"MOO-WAT-TIN", Chambers's Edinburgh Journal 2/77 (20 July 1833), 199-200

... Two instances have occurred of the aborigines of New South Wales having been brought by a gentleman to England: one, whose name was Be-ne-long, in 1793, another in 1811, whose name was Moo-wat-tin. The general conduct of these men was so similar that the particulars relating to the last mentioned individual may be sufficient to show the character and disposition of both, perhaps of all. Moo-wat-tin was a chief, and, though acting occasionally as a servant while in England, never forgot a seeming consciousness of importance. Moo-wat-tin spoke English so well as to excite surprise at the power with which he would use the monosyllables. He became an object of great curiosity to many, and was closely observed during several visits he made with the gentleman who brought him to England. On some occasions ladies were of the party, who were pleased with the decorum, or, it may be said, the politeness, with which the savage chief from New South Wales behaved. At the dinner table he was desirous to oblige others by passing what might be required; was never confused, but acted as though he had been accustomed to mixed society. He ate and drank very moderately, preferring sherry to any other wine, of which he never took more than three glasses. It was supposed he had received directions for his conduct, or that he was merely an imitator of others; however this might be, his behaviour was such as to command approbation. He was particularly pleased at hearing a lady sing "No, my love, no." He sat with strongly marked expressions of attention and delight, and when asked to sing, consented with a smile. His articulation seemed indistinct, the sounds having great similarity to each other as, ra-ra tah, wha-rah rah, bab-hah tah-rah hah. The tune was occasionally changed; the ditty was divided into three parts or verses; the latter was particularly hurried and exulting. On being requested to put this song into English, he replied, "Not well to do; but first we take fish, next take kangaroo, then take wife:" the particulars he declined translating ... The gentleman with whom Moo-wat-tin came to England had been a free settler under the auspices of the late Sir Joseph Banks. He remarked to some friends while here that during an intercourse of twenty years with the natives of New South Wales, he never saw an act or circumstance that partook of indelicacy. All other observances in well regulated society were disregarded, or perhaps unknown to this inferior race of beings. As in the case of his predecessor Be-ne-long, Moo-wat-tin, for some time after his return to New South Wales, retained the manners of an European. He treated those of his tribe with the greatest disdain, and seemed to cultivate a friendly intercourse with the free settlers; but he possessed no habits of industry, and nature could not be subdued. Liberty amongst his native woods and wilds had charms that rendered irksome the kindness of strangers, and dulled every sense of the superior enjoyments of civilisation. He returned to his original pursuits, to a state of nakedness and of precarious existence, and has rarely been seen since by any of the settlers of the colony.

"MOO-WAT-TIN", Graham's Illustrated Magazine of Literature, Romance, Art [Philadelphia] 10 (October 1835), 570-71

"AUSTRALIAN NATIVES. MOO-WAT-TIN AND BE-NE-LONG", Australasian Chronicle (23 July 1842), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Keith Vincent Smith, "Moowattin, Daniel (1791-1816)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005), revised (?2015)

"Daniel Moowattin", Wikipedia

The Trial of Daniel Moowattin, LEMA

Smith 2011

MORANT, Thomas

Pianoforte tuner and repairer (Late Principal Tuner Messrs. W. H. Glen and Co. and Wilkie, Webster, and Co.)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1876
Died Fernbank, Gippsland, VIC, 13 August 1895, in his 65th year


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 September 1876), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1878), 8

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (13 September 1879), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 August 1895), 1


Flute player, flautist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850s


"INDEPENDENT ORDER OF RECHABITES", South Australian Register (28 February 1855), 2 

"THE TOTAL ABSTINENCE MOVEMENT", South Australian Register (25 July 1855), 3 


Pianoforte maker (late of Allan & Co., Wilkie's)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1879


[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (13 September 1879), 4

A. E. MOREY, PIANOFORTE MAKER, (late with Allan & Co., Wilkie's,) Begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he is prepared to undertake PIANOFORTE REPAIRING in all its Branches. Tuning, Regulating, etc. Prices moderate, and work guaranteed. 17 MERTON CRESCENT, ALBERT PARK, EMERALD HILL.

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (22 November 1879), 4


Basso, bass vocalist

Active VIC, 1850s to early 1860s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 April 1856), 8 

TILKE'S CITY HOTEL . . . Mr. J. W. MORGAN, The eminent Basso, from Exeter Hall . . .

"MELBOURNE NEWS", Bendigo Advertiser (2 December 1857), 2 

A concert was held at the Mechanics' Institute on Tuesday evening, for the benefit of Mr. J. W. Morgan, which, taking into consideration the attractions elsewhere, was exceedingly well attended. The great, novelty in the programme of the evening was the basso duet, from "Marino Faliero," sung by Signor Grossi and Mr. John Gregg; this, with some pretty ballad singing by Miss Marie Chalker, and the admirable flute playing of Herr Julius Siede, a well-known and favorite player, made up an agreeable evening's amusement.

MORGAN, Thomas

Harp player, Welsh harpist, vocalist

Active Williamstown, VIC, 1864


"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Leader (5 March 1864), 2 

... The bardic harpist, Mr. Thomas Morgan, of Williamstown, delighted the company with the performance of some beautiful Welsh and other melodies ...

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (18 February 1879), 2 

The date of the entries for the competition at the coming Eisteddfod festival has been extended to Wednesday next in all classes, except that for pianoforte playing, for which twelve entries have been received. We hear that Mr. Thomas Morgan, a famous Welsh harpist and vocalist, of Beechworth, will take part in the festival.

MORGAN, Thomas E.

Choral conductor, composer

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1858


"THE EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1858), 2-3

Ballarat choir: new music by the conductor, Mr. Thomas E. Morgan, called Ballarat; the composition showed great taste and judgment in its arrangement, and justice was done to it by the choir.

[News], The Star (24 June 1864), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Ann Doggett, "And for Harmony most ardently we long", vol. 2, 77


French-horn player, bandsman (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, and Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1825-26
? Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 May 1826

See also Band of the 40th Regiment


"SUPREME COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (27 May 1826), 2

Edward Moriarty, a handsome red-haired man, who played the French horn in the band of the 40th Regiment, had by accident or otherwise, a knife thrust in his mouth to such an extent as to cut the jugular vein, and his life is despaired of.



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 April 1854), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE . . . Miss Octavia Hamilton has the honor to announce that her First Benefit Concert in this colony will take place this evening,
Friday, April 28th, 1854.
For which occasion all the available talent in the colony had been secured, including the following distinguished artistes -
Mrs. Testar, Mrs. George Cox, Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mr. Walter Frazer, Mons Fleury, Signor Maffei, Herr Moritz.
Programme . . . Part II . . . Solo - Pianoforte, Herr Moritz . . .

MORLEY, Frederick


Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1879
Died Lindfield, NSW, 21 April 1929, aged 78 (TROVE tagged)

MORLEY, Baron (Frederick Baron W. MORLEY)


Born 1876



"MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1880), 5 

[Messiah] ... For this, the fourth performance of the Sacred Choral Association, Mr. W. Stanley, who officiated as conductor of "Israel in Egypt," in November, was appointed to wield the baton; Mr. F. Morley was the organist, and Mr. Hector Maclean, T.C.L., was the pianist; Signor Ortori and Mr. La Feuillade were the principal violins; the trumpet solo was given to Mr. J. Taylor; Mrs. P. Wells and Mrs. Davis were the soprano soloists, Mrs. Pratt and Miss Foxall the contralto, Mr. Parkinson the tenor, and Mr. H. Wilkinson the bass.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1920), 8

In Church and musical circles a lively interest has been taken in the recent celebration, of Mr. Frederick Morley's 70th birthday. This esteemed musician has been organist and choir-master at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, since 1885, besides teaching at six colleges and schools, and though he is now prudently relinquishing a few of these duties, he continues to lead a life as active as most of his younger colleagues. Mr. Morley was born at Bassingbourne, near Cambridge, and became a boy chorister under Pembroke Cole, of Ely Cathedral, and also studied music under Dr. Garrett organist of St John's College, Cambridge. In that city he held his first organ appointment 56 years ago, whilst his first engagement after his arrival in Sydney near the Eighties was at the Bourke-street Methodist Church. A little later he presided at the three-manual organ in the beautiful Garden-Palace (Botanic Gardens) destroyed by fire in 1881. Mr. Morley, who is one of the founders of the Sydney College of Music, also achieved a reputation as an organ-architect, many of the principal organs in the city and suburbs having been built according to his specifications and under his direction. In this way he sat on the local committee in connection with Messrs. Hill and Sons' magnificent instrument at the Town Hall, and with the late Alex. Rea and Mr. Nash made weekly inspections of the progress made in erecting it; and he was the first to introduce the tubular pneumatic action, notably at All Saints' Church, Petersham. In 1911 he revisited Europe, and met his brother the late Felix Morley, at that time organist of Pembroke College, Cambridge, whose anthems are well-known at St Andrew's Cathedral. There is, indeed, a very strong musical strain in the Morley family. His eldest brother, Bishop Morley (retired), now in his 80th year, is an able violinist and his son, Barron Morley, after a long and costly continental education, rose to eminence as a pianist, returned here some years ago to give largely-attended recitals at the Town Hall, and has been for some time a virtuoso in the United States, where his reputation is firmly established.

"GOLDEN WEDDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1925), 10

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1929), 10


Stationer, music retailer, songbook editor, publisher (The Australian Harmonist)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842-47


G. and C. Morley ran a circulating library and stationery warehouse from 1842, and also occasionally sold concert tickets. The "new song book ... the Australian Harmonist", issued by G. Morley alone in 1847, probably contained words only of the songs mentioned. The title refers not only to singers and singing as such, but also to socially harmonious gatherings and associations (as, for instance, the Australian Harmonic Club) which often met in public houses. No copy has been identified, and thereafter Morley's business from record.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (12 February 1842), 1 

Circulating Library and Stationery Warehouse, corner of Pitt and King Streets. G. & C. MORLEY beg to inform the public that they have opened an extensive Circulating Library, containing upwards of Four Thousand volumes, amongst which are all the new and popular works of the day. Terms moderate. They beg further to state that they have also a large and well selected stock of plain and fancy Stationery, of every description; Music, Brief, and Colored Papers, and School and Prayer Books in great variety. Account Books of various sorts.

[2 advertisements], Australasian Chronicle (25 August 1842), 1 

On WEDNESDAY, the 31st of August next, HANDEL'S GRAND ORATORIO of the MESSIAH will be performed in aid of the Funds of the Benevolent Society, in the Royal Victoria Theatre, Pitt-street ... Tickets, and Words of the Oratorio, may be obtained of any Member of the Committee; and of Mr. Ellard, George-street; Mr. Rolfe, Hunter-street; Mr. Perkins, George-street; Mr. Waller, upholsterer, Pitt-street; and Messrs. Morley, Pitt and King streets.

JUST RECEIVED, by late arrivals, a large Stock of BOOKS ... PROTESTANT BOOKS ... CATHOLIC BOOKS ... G. & C. MORLEY, Circulating Library and Stationery Warehouse, King-street. August 11, 1842.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1847), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1847), 1

NEW SONG BOOK.-To be had of the undersigned, the Australian Harmonist, being a choice collection of old Sea Songs, with a very superior selection of English, Irish, Scotch, Love, Sentimental, and Comic Songs, never before published in the colony, to which is added the Toast Master's Manual. G. MORLEY. Corner of O'connell and Hunter streets.

MORRIS, Edgar Francis (Mr. E. F. MORRIS; Frederick E. F. MORRIS; alias of W. Jabus HOLLAND)

Musician, vocalist

Born UK, c. 1825
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Bendigo, VIC, 17 January 1865, aged 39 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"STEALING", The Argus (29 June 1855), 5 

At the City Court yesterday, John R. Vincent charged Edgar Morris with stealing sundry shirts, collars, &c, from his trunk at the Ship Inn, Sandridge. It appeared that they were musicians, - one a pianist and the other a singer, - and lodged together. Morris succeeded in convincing the Magistrate that he had full permission to wear the articles which he was accused of stealing, all of which he had returned, with the exception of those now out to be washed, and these he said he would return as soon as they were brought home. The Magistrates ordered him to do so, and then discharged him.

"AN ACTOR IN DIFFICULTIES", The Star (8 March 1858), 2 

At the Ararat police court, on Wednesday, E. F. Morris, an actor, was charged by Mr. Vale with using threatening and abuúre language in a public place. The prosecutor, the editor of the Ararat Advertiser, stated that the prisoner, in company with another man, accosted and insulted him on two occasions, upon last Wednesday afternoon, threatening to horsewhip him. The prisoner attempted to justify his conduct by stating that the prosecutor had accused him of using obscene language on the stage. The magistrate fine him forty shillings, and intimated to him that should he again offend in like manner, he should inflict the fullest penalty, and compel him to find sureties to keep the peace.

"THE OVENS", The Argus (4 December 1858), 6 

. . . As usual after an election, things are dull; and little is doing but in balls and concerts at the various hotels - among which may be mentioned those which commence on the 28th, at the Eureka Concert Hall, Woolshed, for the benefit of the Patriotic Fund. Upwards of 500 tickets have been disposed of; and as the artistes are engaged by Mr. Heilbronn for three months, and he has announced the whole of the proceeds will be devoted to the fund, a respectable sum will be realised. Mr. Heilbronn has accomplished what no other individual has attempted at the Ovens, viz., built a large, and commodious hall, and engaged the best talent he was able for the purpose of insuring to us a first-rate musical treat. Miss L. Swannell, Messrs. E. F. Morris, Saqui, Wilmott, &c., are among those engaged by this enterprising individual. At present the Eureka Concert Hall is the most decided hit in the locality, and not one will say but that the proprietor deserves a rich reward for the energy he has displayed in the undertaking . . .

"POLICE", The Argus (30 December 1858), 5 

Edgar Morris was brought up on warrant, charged with stealing a clarionet, the property of a person named Van Hurrick, who said on oath that the clarionet was his property, and was stolen from his carpet-bag, which was under his bed at his lodgings. It was stolen in October last, at a time when five or six other persons slept in the same room with prosecutor. A pawnbroker stated that prisoner had pledged to him the clarionet produced for 12s., and afterwards released it, and then sold it for 17s. For the defence it was stated that prisoner had purchased the clarionet and other things for the sum of 25s., and that without any concealment he had disposed of it afterwards. The case was remanded until next day.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. CITY CONCERT HALL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (15 January 1859), 2 

. . . Mr. E. F. Morris, the comic singer, also much amused us, and deserves the name accorded to him of the "Australian Cowell;" he possesses natural comic talent, and in his burlesques of "Macbeth," "Hamlet," etc., convulses the audience. The establishment is well conducted, and nightly visited by hundreds of our pleasure seeking population . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (28 January 1861), 6 

Edgar Francis Morris, of Johnston-street, Collingwood, vocalist. Causes of insolvency - Continued illness in family, considerable time out of employment, and being pressed by execution creditors. Liabilities, £51 8s.; assets, £5; deficiency, £46 8s. Mr. Laing, official assignee.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (20 July 1863), 2 

Among the novelties in the Sober Concerts programme for to-night, are some burlesque scenas and songs by Mr, Edgar F. Morris, from Melbourne.

"SUDDEN DEATH", Bendigo Advertiser (19 January 1865), 2 

Mr. Pouuds, district coroner, held an inquest yesterday, at the Criterion Hotel, on the body of Frederick E. F. Morris, alias W. Jabus Holland, a professional singer, 39 years of age, and son of a clergyman in England . . .

"DANCING SALOONS AND THE INDEPENDENT. (To the Editor)", Bendigo Advertiser (15 April 1865), 3 

. . . I have also rend, Mr. Editor, a paragraph in a paper lately, referring to the death of Mr. E. F. Morris, himself a concert room professional singer, stating the opinion of the coroner who presided at the inquest, that his death was caused, or accelerated, by his being in a dancing room at a late hour. Now I, and other members of my family, had been intimately acquainted with that unfortunate man for full five years before his death, and never knew him to retire to rest before one or half-past one a.m. The members of the musical profession are not exempt from the visits of the "King of terrors" any more than those of other callings, and although such sudden, and awful deaths, have been so frequent of late, it would be absurd to attribute them to the same cause. I have no pretension to being a latin scholar, go will sign myself simply as - TRUTH.

MORTIMER, Alfred Wyatt

Musician, organist, composer

Born London, 1856
Arrived Adelaide, SA, April 1889
Died Semaphore, SA, 5 October 1896, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE ENGLISH MAIL AT ALBANY", The Advertiser (8 April 1889), 5

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (11 April 1889), 5

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (22 April 1889), 7

[News], The Advertiser (8 November 1892), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Advertiser (10 April 1894), 6

"THE SQUATTER'S ELEGY", South Australian Register (10 November 1894), 5

"RECEIVED", South Australian Register (16 December 1894), 5

"DEATH OF A PROMINENT MUSICIAN", South Australian Register (6 October 1896), 6

"DEATH OF MR. A. WYATT MORTIMER. A WELL-KNOWN MUSICIAN", The Advertiser (6 October 1896), 7

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (13 October 1896), 3

Published works:

Menuet (for piano) (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [between 1880 and 1889]) 

When love is done (a reverie, words from the French of Francis W. Bourdillon; dedicated to and sung by Miss Ada Crossley) (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [1892]) 

The squatter's elegy (a typical squatter's song) (words: L.G.; music: A. Wyatt Mortimer) (Adelaide: P.A. Howells & Co., [1894]) 

MORTLEY, Frederick James

Amateur musician, organist, sergeant of the band (Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles), mayor of Windsor

Born London, England, November 1841
Arrived NSW, 1842-43
Died Stanmore, NSW, 24 January 1915, aged 74



Mr. MORTLEY, sergeant of the band responded. If the band deserved any praise, it should be given to their worthy captain for his unceasing labours, in endeavouring to perfect them in a knowledge of music.

"MR. FREDERICK JAMES MORTLEY", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 October 1887), 28

MR. FREDERICK JAMES MORTLEY, Mayor of Windsor, was born in London in November, 1841, and went with his parents to New Zealand in 1842. After remaining a few months in New Zealand the family came to Sydney, and then to Windsor, in January, 1844. When about twelve years of age Mr. Mortley entered a chemist's shop to learn the business. But, after serving about twelve months, he arrived at the conclusion that this occupation would not suit him; and he left, and went to the boot trade, in which he has remained since. In his younger days Mr. Mortley had a great liking for music. His parents noticing this, encouraged it. He acted as organist in the Anglican Church in Richmond for some years, and has been organist in the Windsor church for eight or ten years ...

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1915), 8

"OBITUARY", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (5 February 1915), 4

... The late Frederick Mortley was born in Middlesex (England), and was the second son of Joseph Mortley, a builder. ... The subject of this notice and his elder brother came out to this country with their parents when the former was but 12 months old. They emigrated to New Zealand, but about one year later camo to Windsor. That was 72 years ago, in the roaring days, when the English regiments were stationed here, when the place was a penal settlement, and when Governor Lachlan Macquarie and ticket-of-leave men dominated the Green Hills, as Windsor was named in the early days. The family was reared here, and as he grew up Frederick Mortley was apprenticed to the late John Mills to learn the bootmaking trade. He became an expert tradesman, and when he grew to man's estate he married Rebecca Dyer, sister of the late Samuel E. Dyer. In later years the late Mr. Mortley put out his own sign, and soon became the proprietor of an extensive and flourishing boot factory, employing as many as 20 workmen at one time. ... Throughout his career he was closely identified with all the  advanced movements for the benefit of the town. He was attached to the infantry unit of the military service, and was a sergeant in the Windsor company for many years, and also a member of the military band. A fine musician, he could play almost any instrument, and was organist at St. Peter's Church, Richmond, and later at St. Matthew's, Windsor, for a considerable period. ... The late Mr. Mortley was 74 years of age. He died on Sunday, January 24, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Wallace, at Stanmore. The remains were brought to Windsor, and the funeral proceeded from the residence of his son, Mr. W. J. Mortley, on the following afternoon to St. Matthew's cemetery ... As the coffin was taken from the church the Dead March in "Saul" was played, and it was a pathetic recollection to those present that he whose remains were about to be committed to the earth had himself on many occasions played the mournful March on the same organ.


Soprano vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1860
Died Marrickville, NSW, 17 August 1910


[News], The Argus (5 April 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 July 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 July 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (15 November 1861), 4

[News], The Argus (19 May 1862), 5

The "Lobgesang" followed, the vocal portions of which were well sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Mortley, and Mr. Beaumont, and the ladies and gentlemen of the Musical Union ...

[News], The Argus (24 May 1862), 4

The programme consisted of extracts from Handel's "Judas Maccabaeus", Mendelssohn's "Elijah," and Haydn's "Creation," which, with a band and chorus of fifty performers, were rendered with considerable excellence. ... Miss Bailey was to have been the soprano of the evening, but at almost the last moment her place was taken by Miss Sarah Mortley ... "Oh rest in the Lord", from "Elijah," was admirably rendered by Miss Liddle, and the famous unaccompanied trio, "Lift thine eyes," sung by Miss Liddle, Miss S. Mortley, and Master Ford, was encored with enthusiasm. The selections from the "Creation" were very successfully performed. Miss S. Mortley sang "The marvellous work," which was nearly encored.

[News], The Argus (8 November 1862), 5

The principal performers were Miss Mortley, who sang with ease and sweetness ....

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1866), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (5 December 1870), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 August 1910), 1


Tenor vocalist, ballad singer

Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 - May 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

THIS EVENING. PROTESTANT HALL. MESSRS DE GREY, C. WILKIE, AND GREGG, Beg to announce that their second CONCERT will take place ... VOCALISTS ... Miss Lewis, (From Her Majesty's Theatre, she has had the honor of singing before Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and Royal Family), Signor Georgi, (From the Opera House, Paris,) Mr. Moseley, (From the London Concerts) and Mr. John Gregg. INSTRUMENTALISTS: Mr. Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts) Mr Thatcher, Flautist, do, do.; Mr. Charles Wilkie, Concertinist; Mr De Grey, Cornet-à-Piston ... PROGRAMME ... PART II ... Ballad - "Thou art gone from my gaze," Signor Georgi, Mr. Moseley ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1853), 8

ROYAL HOTEL. CHARLES WILKIE'S Cider Cellars, open every evening. VOCALISTS: Mr. Gregg; Mr. Moseley, the well-famed ballad singer; Mr. De Courcy, the celebrated tenor; Mr. St. Albin; and Mr. Dawson (comic); Mr. M'Clarence will give specimens of Ventriloquism during each evening; Mr. Salamon, pianist. To commence at eight o'clock. Admission, 1s.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1853), 12

ROYAL HOTEL, GREAT COLLINS STREET. CHARLES WILKIE'S CIDER CELLARS ... PROGRAMME ... Mr. Moseley, tenor - Ben Bolt, Look always on the Sunny Side, Katty Avourneen, Norah McShane ...


Choral conductor, Anglican priest

Active Ipswich, Moreton Bay district, NSW (QLD) by c. 1856
Died Ipswich, QLD, 29 March 1879, aged 50 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"A CHORAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (1 January 1859), 2 

By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen, that an attempt is about to be made to form a choral society. The Rev. Mr. Mosely, who was very fortunate in improving the taste of the Ipswich people for sacred music, and very successful in improving the choir of the church at which he officiated, and who has also, since his residence amongst us, improved the choir at the English Church, is one of the originators of the idea. W. A. Duncan, Esq., is also one of the proposers of the undertaking; he being a lover of music, and a believer in its capabilities to elevate, instruct, and amuse the people, has lent his aid to bring the class into existence. The meeting at the School of Arts will test the appreciation of the public for the endeavors of these two gentlemen; and there can be no doubt that the object sought will be attained by the umanimous desire of all lovers of melody. The Committee of the School of Arts have voted the use of the Hall gratuitously, one one night weekly, to promote the laudable object.

MOSS, Frederick

Professor of music, choral conductor, composer

Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1858, until mid 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (26 May 1858), 3 

Elementary Singing Class. BY MR FREDERICK MOSS; THIS Class will be re-commenced in the Congregational Chapel, on Thursday evening, May 27th, at 7 o'clock precisely, to afford further opportunity for admitting persons desirous of becoming members. Tickets for the course of twelve lessons, 10s payable in advance ...

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Mount Alexander Mail (1 October 1860), 2 

... Last, but not least, we come to Mr. Frederick Moss, the originator and conductor of the Philharmonic. The untiring and gratuitous efforts of this gentleman to create a love for high class music in Castlemaine are well known, and the result of his zeal was seen on Thursday, when some of the finest productions of Hayden, Mozart, and Mendelsohn were presented in a dress not wholly unworthy of them. The Philharmonic is now an established institution among us, and we hope that at the next concert Mr. Moss may be enabled to wield his baton over an orchestra and chorus greatly increased in strength by accessions of amateurs who have hot yet enrolled themselves under his able command ... We understand that the Philharmonic are about to rehearse the Messiah for performance at Christmas, the orchestral and vocal parts having just arrived from England ...

"MR. MOSS'S MASS", Mount Alexander Mail (4 November 1862), 2

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (18 February 1869), 2 

Mr. Hodgson has received by the mail six copies of Mr F. Moss's mass in C, at one time performed by the Philharmonic Society of the town to whom it is dedicated. It is beautifully printed, is of folio size and extends to 111 pages. Now that this mass is in print its performance may again be looked for, either at the chapel or by the Choral Society. From the list of subscribers, whose names are published, it seems to be well thought of in high circles in India.

MOSS, Henry

Poet, songwriter

Born UK, c. 1830/31
Arrived Australia, by 1851
Died Nowra, Shoalhaven, NSW, 18 September 1887



Members of the family of Matthew Moss (c.1795-1868) of London

MOSS, Joseph

MOSS, Reuben

Professors of Music, Professors of Pianoforte (Quadrille Parties attended)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1855
Joseph died Dunedin, NSW, 3 October 1904, aged 69


The "Messiuers Moss pianists from London" were probably recently arrived in Melbourne in June 1855. A list of steerage passengers recently arrived on the Royal Charter from London in January 1860 included: "Joseph Moss, London, a Jew, age about 45; was in Australia before, and sailed in the Kent."

At the consecration of Ballarat Synagogue in March 1861:

... The choir consisted of Messrs. Isaacs, Benjamin, Bernstein, Deutsch, and Sanders, led at the harmonium by Mr J. Moss, the whole of the music being the composition of his father, Mr Matthew Moss, of London.

This was the English cantor-composer, Matthew Moss (1795-1868). The pianist and music-seller Lewis Moss, active in Sydney from 1854, was their uncle (see below). Another Joseph Moss, with family in NZ, died in Ballarat in 1869.


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 November 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 May 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1857), 8

"THE ROYAL CHARTER", The Star (11 January 1860), 3

"THREATENING LANGUAGE", The Argus (22 February 1860), 7


"DEATHS", The Ballarat Star (27 July 1869), 2 

"A CASE OF DISTRESS. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (18 February 1893), 6

"DUNEDIN, N.Z.", Jewish Herald (21 October 1904), 14 

I have to record the death on Monday, 3rd October, to the great regret of a numerous circle of friends and relatives, of Mr. Joseph Moss, of this city, at the age of sixty-nine. The deceased gentleman was a native of London, where his father, the late Matthew Moss, was a well-known professor of music and choirmaster of the Bayswater Synagogue. He was carefully educated by his father for the musical profession. He emigrated to Victoria about fifty years ago, and after residing a few years in Ballarat with his brother, the late Reuben Moss, he came to Dunedin, where he settled and married a daughter of the late Mr. Lewis Lewis. Mr. Moss became choirmaster of the Dunedin Synagogue in 1873, and at once brought the musical portion of the services to a degree of excellence never before attained. As a teacher of the pianoforte he had a very successful career for many years, and some of his pupils have greatly distinguished themselves as performers and teachers. His family have all inherited the talents of their father and grandfather, although only two of them have followed the musical profession, Miss Anita Moss having adopted the operatic stage, and Miss Esther Moss, a music teacher in this city. Mr. Moss is survived by Mrs. Moss and a family of seven sons and five daughters. Three of his sons are in the legal practice in Western Australia, one of whom, the Hon. Matthew Lewis Moss, was Colonial Secretary of that colony.

Bibliography and resources:

Goldman, The Jews in Victoria (1954), 169

Doggett 2006, And for harmony we most ardently long, vol.1, 240-41

"Matthew Moss" [Matthew Lewis Moss (1863-1946)], Wikipedia 

MOSS, Lewis

Quadrille pianist, music and musical instrument seller, music publisher, composer

Born England. c.1805/6
Married Elizabeth JOSEPH (c.1820-1885), England, c.1838
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1 July 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 July 1875, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Lewis Moss (not to be confused with a Sydney draper of the same name) first advertised his arrival in the colonly on 1 July 1853.

Rigoletto, a new polka masourka ("introducing that favourite melody La Donna e Mobile [Verdi], by L. Moss") ([Sydney: Lewis Moss, 1857]) was perhaps the first of his musical publications.

As well as local editions of imported repertoire, he later issued prints of two works by Cesare Cutolo (1860), dances by Miss E. C. Wilson and Julia Simmons (1861), and in 1867 his own Adon Gnolom: a Hebrew hymn ("for four voices with an accompaniment for the organ, harmonium, or piano forte, composed by Lewis Moss").

At the York Street Synagogue in September 1862, it was reported that the ceremony was concluded with

a most brilliant Hallelujah chorus (150th Psalm) with a florrid solo sung with great taste by Miss Simmons. The music was composed by Mr. Moss, brother of Mr. L. Moss of this city".

This was a reference to his elder brother Matthew Moss (1795-1868), a London theatre and synagogue musician and composer.


"RYDE", The Hampshire chronicle [England] (1 September 1828), 1

The annual Regatta took place on Thursday [28 August] . . . The Ball at the Library was numerously and fashionably attended, and the festive dance was kept up until a late hour. The band was led Mr. Lewis Moss, of London, and his accompaniment on the Flageolet Piano, an instrument new to the musical world, was much admired . . .

"Court and High Life", The Dublin monitor [Ireland] (14 March 1840), 3

LONDON. THURSDAY [12 March] . . . Mr. Charles Ollivier, and Mr. Lewis Moss, had the honor of submitting her Majesty and Prince Albert yesterday, their newly constructed instrument for quadrille and waltzing, with which her Majesty was pleased to express her approbation.

"THE CHOREMUSICON", The Dublin morning register (17 March 1840), 3

This is a newly invented instrument, the intent of which is to enliven the ball-room, and to add increased delight to the operations of the "terpsiohorean devotee." The instrument occupies somewhat more room than a grand cabinet pianoforte, and combines in itself the powers of a quadrille band, embracing the tones of the pianoforte, the bassoon, the violoncello, the clarionet, and the flageolet. It is at the same time constructed that each and all of these can be employed in either separate or combined form, thereby producing the effect of full quadrille band, with this great advantage, that the service of one performer alone is requited. There are two rows of keys, the lower being that of the pianoforte, whilst the sounds from the upper tier are produced upon the same principle that which the seraphine is constructed. From this latter row of keys it is, with the assistance of pedal stops, if may term them, that the representation of the tones of the various instruments already enumerated are most faithfully elicited. The brilliant shrillness of the flageolet is singularly well preserved, whilst the fullness of the notes of the violoncello, the clarionet, the double bass, &c , is poured forth with power and effect. The introduction of the choremusicon may be regarded not merely as era in the discovery of the application of musical mechanism, but an "event" in the monde de la danse of the most gratifying and satisfactory description. We are indebted for the invention to Mr. C. Ollivier, of New Bond-street, and Mr. Lewis Moss, the latter of whom acts as the present immediate exhibitor of its effects, and future performer. The terms on which it is proposed let out the instrument are extremely reasonable. By royal command, it was exhibited before the Queen and Prince Albert on Wednesday, when her Majesty and his royal highness were pleased to express their approbation and commendation of the invention. On Saturday, by desire, the instrument waa played before the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, both of whom were much delighted with the effects drawn forth by Mr. L. Moss, that they required performance from that gentleman of three hours' duration.

"THE CHOREMUSICON", Bell's Weekly Messenger (29 March 1840), 5

Amost extraordinary and beautiful instrument, invented by Mr. Charles Ollivier and Mr. Lewis Moss, is now being exhibited the music rooms of the former in New Bond street, and commanding a great deal of public attention. It is an excellent substitute fora quadrille band, combining within the compass and portability of cabinet pianoforte, all the varieties of a well organised band, consisting of the pianoforte, bassoon, violoncello, clarionet, flageolet, &c., and has the advantage of being wholly at the command of one performer. We heard Mr. Moss execute some quadrille music on this remarkable instrument a few days ago, and we were both astonished and delighted by the combined harmony of the several instruments imitated; the clearness and delicacy of every tone, and the brilliancy of the general effect. In the display by Mr. Moss of the peculiarities of the Choremusicon, the imitation of the violoncello was particularly beautiful: indeed was difficult to believe that some other practised performer was not concealed behind the case, or in some corner of the apartment. Mr. Moss is skilful player, and handles the instrument with the most perfect ease, the grandest effects being produced him without the slightest appearance of effort. In the ball room, the Choremusieon will certainly become highly popular and Mr. Lewis Moss may prepare for severe duty; for when a dancing party is pleased, they have no mercy on the musician's fingers. Mr. Ollivier and Mr. Moss have had the honour of submitting the Choremusicon to the Queen, at Buckingham Palace; when her Majesty expressed herself much delighted with it.

"MELODISTS' CLUB", The musical world (21 July 1841), 30 

The last meeting of the season took place on Thursday, in the Freemasons' Hall, when about seventy gentlemen dined, Lord Saltoun in the chair. The following musical persons were present:- Messrs. Bishop, Parry, King, Blewitt, Bellamy, T. Cooke, Terrail, Hawkins, Fitzwilliam, Hobbs, Moxley, Allen, Collyer, H. Gear, Hatton, Turle, Phillips, and Sir George Smart, Messrs. Vieuxtemps, G. Cooke, L. Moss, and Moscheles . . . Ollivier's Royal Choremusicon was introduced, and Mr. Lewis Moss developed its various powers and capabilities in a very clever and effective manner, his efforts being duly appreciated the company . . .

[Advertisement], in The German Opera Advertiser (London: A. Scloss, [1842]), 8 

THE CHOREMUSICON . . . at CHARLES OLLIVIER'S Musical Instrument Repository, 41, NEW BOND STREET, where Mr. L. Moss will be in attendance to exhibit its various capabilities.

[Advertisement], The athenaeum [London, England] (21 January 1843), 50 

[Advertisement], The morning post [London, England] (2 January 1850), 1

REUNIONS DANSANTES. - The ROYAL CHOREMUSICON. - Under the patronage of her Majesty and the Royal family. - This elegant novelty for Polka parties, combining the tones of several instruments, and wholly at the command of one performer, may be heard any day between the hours of Two aid Four o'clock, at C. and R. OLLIVIER'S Royal Musical Repository, 41 and 42, New Bond-street, where Mr. Lewis Moss will be in attendance to exhibit its various capabilities.

Variations on the above advertisements, first run in 1840, and regularly therefter throughout the 1840s, continued to appear occasionally through 1850 and 1851, and until April 1852; the last [Advertisement], The morning post [London, England] (29 April 1852), 1

Letter, Charles Dickens, 7 November 1850, to Edward Bulwer Lytton; ed. in The letter of Charles Dickens volume 6, 1850-1852 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 206 (PREVIEW)

Regarding a visit to Ollivier's, with a view to hiring the instrument, and Moss to play it.

1851, 30 March, England census; St. Pancras, Tottenham Court, South Compton Street; UK Archives, PRO 107/1494 

375 [South Compton Street] / Lewis Moss / Head / 44 / Musician / [born] London
Elizabeth Moss / Wife / 31 / do.
Morris Do. / Son / 12 / do.
Rachel Do. / Dau. / 9 / do.
Isabella Do. / Dau. / 8 / do.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1853), 1s

W. J. JOHNSON AND CO. beg leave to inform the public that they have made an arrangement with Mr. Lewis Moss, the celebrated Quadrille Pianist, from London, who has had the honor of performing before the Queen, Royal Family, and the nobility's balls. For terms of engagement apply at W. J. JOHNSON AND Co.'s Musical Repository, 314, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1853), 5

MUSICAL TUITION. LEWIS MOSS, Pianist by appointment to her Royal Highness the Duchess of Gloucester, begs leave to inform the gentry and inhabitants of Sydney, that he gives instruction on the pianoforte. For terms apply at his residence, 68, Castlereagh-street, near Liverpool-street. References given to some of the first families. Quadrille parties attended with tho flageolet piano, an instrument he had the honour to perform upon before the Queen and Royal Family on several occasions.

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1857), 2

"MR. LAVENU", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1859), 5


"A NEW HEBREW HYMN", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1867), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1875), 1

MOSS, Sydney

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 9 January 1854 (son of Lewis MOSS)
Died Sydney, NSW, May 1902, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1854), 5


The Choir then united in singing the 24th Psalm (Lodovid Mismour) to a very beautiful service expressly composed for the occasion by Mr. Sydney Moss of this city, from the conservatoire of Leipsic. The effect of this admirable composition was extremely good, the solo parts (by Mrs. David Barnett) contrasting beautifully with the counter chorus of the male voices.

"THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, SYDNEY", Australian Town and Country Journal (2 March 1878), 16 

"A JEWISH WEDDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1881), 6

For the musical services at the wedding of Dinah Levey, daughter of Montague LEVEY in March 1881, it was reported: "The service was principally chanted by the priest, the music weird and strange, like that which Verdi has used for the sacred temple in "Aida" ... Mr. Sydney Moss had set a psalm to music in honour of the event, this was well sung by the choir."

"DEATH OF MR. SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1902), 3

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1902), 9

"SYDNEY MOSS: Master Musician. AN APPRECIATION", Jewish Herald (6 June 1902), 4

"THE LATE SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1926), 7

Bibliography and resources:

"Moss, Sydney", British musical biography: a dictionary of musical artists (1897), 291

Son of Lewis Moss, he studied at Leipzig, under Reinecke, David, and E. F. Richter, 1865-74. Returned to Sydney in 1874, and was conductor of the Musical Union in that city to the year 1881. Mr. Moss has been most disinterested in his service to music in Australia

MOSSMAN, Samuel Felix (Mr. S. F. MOSSMAN)

Professor of music, lecturer on music, accordion player, author

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1842
Active Sydney, NSW, by September 1845
Departed Sydney, NSW, 15 March 1850 (per Honduras, for London)
Back in Melbourne, VIC, 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Mossman lectured on music in Sydney in 1846 and in Launceston in 1849. In the interim, according to the Argus, he had been in Melbourne.


[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (18 May 1842), 2 

SPLENDID NOVELTY THEATRE ... AFTER WHICH MR. MOSSMAN Will preform some of the most popular Airs on the Accordian.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (23 August 1842), 1237 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1845), 1

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1846), 3

[Letter]: "TO THE EDITOR", The Australian (25 July 1846), 3

"MR. MOSSMAN'S LECTURES", The Australian (1 August 1846), 3

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1847), 2

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (16 June 1849), 3

He would have preferred lecturing on natural history, but the means and appliances for illustrating that subject were not available. It was not his intention to dive into the abstruse theory of harmony or thorough bass: these would require a series of lectures from one better acquainted with the science than himself. He was but an amateur, and he hoped professional gentlemen would not be too severe in their criticisms ... There can be but little doubt that man first copied his musical powers from the grove. Any one who has witnessed a corroboree of the natives of New South Wales must at once distinguish in their yells an imitation of the cockatoo and crow; and also in the "cooey" of a bird which makes the same sound. Now, how different would have been the music of these savages had the morning been greeted by the tuneful notes of the ascending lark, instead of the screams of the cockatoo and laughing jackass; or had the stillness of the night been broken by the voice of the nightingale, instead of the screech of the "morepor"'.

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (23 June 1849), 670

"LAUNCESTON", The Argus (4 July 1849), 2

... The lecturer gave a specimen of his own composition, both of words and music, which was loudly applauded. The song commenced: "Come let us round the bushfire form."

"DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1850), 2

"CHAMBER OF COMMERCE", The Age (29 July 1857), 5 

"MELBOURNE THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO AND MELBOURNE TO-DAY", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (10 July 1875), 55 

We are indebted to Mr. Samuel Mossman, an early settler in this colony, but now resident in the mother country, for the kindness which placed at our disposal the drawing from which our artist has engraved the sketch of "Melbourne in 1840" ...

MOUL, Alfred

Pianist, harpist, concert and theatre reviewer, composer, theatrical manager

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 17 December 1876 (per Kent, from London, 15 October)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after July 1883
Died London, England, 18 January 1924 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


He appears in a published shipping list in December 1876 as "Moule". As "Alfred Moul (Certificated Pupil of Sir Julius Benedict), recently arrived in Melbourne", he advertised that he would "give instruction in Pianoforte, American Organ, Singing and Sight Reading" in January 1877.

I remain unsure, but suspect that this arrival may in fact have been a return, as there is a musical reference to an Alfred Moule in Melbourne in 1867; an Arthur Moule, and his wife Rebecca (NORDT), see below, are also on record as public performers; while the J. C. Williamson's conductor-composer Alfred Moulton was also confused him (see Disambiguation).

Later, Bernard Shaw clearly had the impression that Moul had just spent some time at the Antipodes, not come from there. In February 1877 Moul presented a sample of his already published compositions to the Argus, which reviewed them in considerable detail, concluding:

From these specimens of his talent, we look upon Mr. Moul as a young composer of great promise, whose presence in Melbourne will be a gain to the musical circles of the place, and while we admire the natural bent of his mind in its sympathies with the latest developments in harmony, we would point out that there are pedants even in the newest of schools, and counsel him to be careful not to be ranked as one of them.

Moul performed in concerts and continued to compose. In February 1880 The Queenslander greeted his Lily queen valse as "quite above the ordinary standard of dance music" and Moul himself as "a young colonial composer who is rapidly acquiring a reputation that promises to be recognised beyond the colonies."

However, in Sydney in December 1879. when Paolo Giorza played on the piano his newly published The jolly tars march, the Herald thought it "looks better music on paper than it is when heard".

By mid-1880, Moul was also writing music reviews for the Melbourne press, The Age and Leader, which quickly led to conflicts of interest.

In August, the pianist Alice Charbonnet objected to George Allan requiring her to play Moul's Mon amour waltz at the Exhibition on account of a negative review Moul had written of her, describing her as her "the pet of the ballet". The dispute ended up with Allan taking Charbonnet to court, where she described Moul's piece as "not an ugly waltz, but not a pretty one" either, and Allan calling the visiting Italian music reviewers Giuliano Noghera and Martino Astulfoni (members of the Italian trade delegation to the Exhibition), as well as Alberto Zelman and Alfred Plumpton to give evidence as to the waltz's quality. But the judge ruled that its quality was not at issue, and, Allan having anyway been "nasty to her mother", ruled for the poor lady pianist.

In October 1881, at the door of Allan's in Collins Street, the hot-headed Antonio Giammona physically assaulted Moul for a slighting review of his recently published Mass, and though a fine was registered against Giammona when the case came to court, it was small enough to be an embarrassment to Moul.

This was followed by a similar incident in February 1883 when James Moore assaulted Moul for his published attack on his sister Maggie Moore, the well-known actress. This may well have been the last straw for Moul who in May 1883 announced that he was "about to leave the colony for England, where he intends to remain".

Julius Seide and Alfred Plumpton headed the committee that organised his farewell benefit in July.

The press, typically claiming him as a former colonial, continued to refer to Moul's successful career abroad, notably as manager of the Alhambra Theatre in London (where, for the queen's diamond jubilee in 1897 he commissioned Arthur Sullivan's ballet Victoria and merrie England), as a composer occasionally adding new numbers to his music productions (notably several numbers for a London run of Frédéric Toulmouche's opera The wedding eve, that Moul later also published under the pseudonym "Yvolde"), and, most importantly, as a member of the International Copyright Union. It was in this latter role that Moul was famously described by George Bernard Shaw in a review in The Star (15 November 1889) (reprinted here in 1937):

... there is at present in the field a formidable and more dignified representative of performing rights in the person of Mr. Alfred Moul, whom bandmasters and arrangers and "selection" makers of all sorts, accustomed to free communism in musical compositions, are now vigorously denouncing as a black-mailer. This means that he has been making people pay for something which they have hitherto pirated for nothing. Before I say anything as to the merits of such a proceeding I may mention that the denunciations of Mr. Moul specially amused me, because he is an old acquaintance of mine; and I derive the usual entertainment from seeing people whom I privately know in a vigorous row of any kind. When I first came across Mr. Alfred Moul some twenty years or so ago, I took him to be a young man of about eighteen, unnaturally self-sufficient and finished for his age, and a very clever pianist, though not then a professional one. When I last saw him, at the "private view" of Her Majesty's Theatre as decorated for Mr. Leslie's recent promenade concerts, the lapse of two decades had made the gravest alterations, not to say ravages, in my own aspect; but Moul (I lapse for the moment into the familiarity of private intercourse) was still eighteen. The effect of this curious phenomenon was totally to destroy my faith in my original estimate of his years ... I have always urged that copyrights should be shortened as they extend internationally, but whilst they last they are the means by which the author or composer gets paid for his labor. If Mr. Moul is a blackmailer for enforcing them, then so is any agent who enforces the payment of a patentee's royalty; so equally is the concert-giver who enforces payment of a shilling at the turnstile ....


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (18 December 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1877), 8

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (6 February 1877), 10

[News], The Argus (19 February 1877), 4

"THE MELBOURNE ORATORIO SOCIETY", The Argus (29 March 1877), 6

"MR. LEVY'S BENEFIT", The Argus (25 June 1877), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1879), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1879), 12

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1879), 5

"MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1879), 3

[News], The Queenslander (21 February 1880), 241

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1880), 8

[News], The Argus (28 February 1880), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1880), 12

[News], The Argus (18 January 1881), 5

"A MUSICIAN'S DISPUTE", The Argus (16 March 1881), 10


[News], The Argus (20 February 1883), 6

"ASSAULT ON MR. MOUL", The Argus (27 February 1883), 9

"THE RECENT THEATRICAL ASSAULT CASE", South Australian Register (2 April 1883), 5

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1883), 11

[News], The Argus (17 May 1883), 4

"MR. MOUL'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (2 July 1883), 4

[News], The Argus (10 August 1885), 4

"THE INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT UNION", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 August 1889), 11

"ENGLISH THEATRICAL NOTES", The Argus (17 March 1894), 15


"MEN AND WOMEN", Advocate (21 January 1924), 2

"OBITUARY", The Register (21 January 1924), 8

"THE LATE MR. ALFRED MOUL", Hawera & Normanby Star (22 March 1924), 10


Before re 1877, ? Alfred Moule:

[News], The Argus (14 October 1867), 4

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1869), 2

"A. Moule": [Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1869), 3

Arthur Moule: [News], The Argus (24 February 1870), 4

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (17 December 1869), 4

Later, Alfred Moulton was often confused with Moul:

"AMUSEMENTS", The Register (31 March 1909), 7

"HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1907), 17

"THE BUSKER", Sunday Times (18 April 1909), 1s

Musical works:

St. Kilda valse (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [original edition ?; New edition 1880]) 

Lily queen valse (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879]) 

The jolly tars march (Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879]) 

Sleigh bells (song; words by Maydew) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1880]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Leopoldo Fregoli", Wikipedia

MOULE, Arthur Robert

Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, c.1870

MOULE, Rebecca (Rebecca Henrietta Wilhemlina NORDT) = Rebecca NORDT

Mezzo soprano vocalist


MOULTON, Alfred R. (Alfred Raoul Prevoteaux MOULTON)

Bass vocalist, conductor, composer

Born Hastings, England, 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1884
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1900


Moulton's serio-comic military opera Lelamine was produced in Melbourne in 1897 (libretto by Edward Krusard), but it been previously produced at the Gaiety Theatre, Hastings, UK, in 1889, where it was indeed noted that it had been composed in Melbourne, Australia. Moulton was naturalised a USA citizen in 1918.


"Music and Musicians", Table Talk (17 November 1894), 4

A new sacred cantata, entitled St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr, is to be performed on Tuesday next in the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church. The words are by the Rev. James Gibson, and the music by Mr. Alfred R. Moulton. The choir (of 60 voices) will he assisted by St. Andrew's Church choir and the following artists:- Signorina Rebottaro and Mrs. Mortimer, soprani; Miss Ada Power, Miss Frederica Mitchell and Miss Bessie Harper, contralti; Mr. A. J. Pallett and Mr. A. Hackett, tenori; Mr. Jenvey, baritone, and Mr. W. Thomson, bass. There will also be a string quartet, composed of Messrs. Harry Stevens, Sutch, Dierich and Mr. Claude Harrison. Mr. W. H. Couplund will preside at the organ, and Mr. Moulton, the composer, will conduct.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1895), 12

"CURRENT TOPICS", Launceston Examiner (26 March 1897), 5

"CONTINUED SUCCESS OF LELAMINE", The Argus (12 May 1897), 6

"Mr. A. R. MOULTON", Table Talk (15 February 1900), 18

Mr. Alfred Raoul Prevoteaux Moulton, who receives a benefit concert at the Town Hall next Saturday evening prior to his departure for America to stage his operas, was born in 1862 at Hastings, England, and under the care of his French mother, an accomplished musician, early developed a love for music. In 1878 he was sent to Paris to pursue his musical studies, and turned his attention to opera, but he was recalled to London and entered the well-known firm of John Brinsmead and Sons, at the same time keeping up his musical studies, among his teachers being the late Sir J. Benedict, Mons. Geaussant and Edwin Bending (Organist, Albert Hall), and entered St. Paul's Cathedral Choir under Dr. Stainer, afterwards receiving the position of Solo Bass Chorister at the Church of the Rev. H. R. Haweis, who some time ago came out to Australia on a lecturing tour, later on becoming a member of the Albert Hall Choir under the baton of Joseph Barnby, singing also in the Festival Choirs at the Crystal Palace under August Manns. In 1884 he came out to Melbourne as representative of Messrs. Brinsmead, and became a prominent member of the Melbourne musical profession. In 1892 he organised a complete concert company, subsequently inaugurating a series of Sunday concerts with programmes of high class sacred music. Mr. Moulton, in collaboration with M. Krusard, has written four operas, Pasquita (a Spanish romantic opera), The Toy Box (a one-act comic opera), Old maids (an English farcical comedy) and Lelamine, which was such a great success when produced in Melbourne a few years ago. The clever composer was for some time under engagement to Messrs. Williamson and Musgrove, having started as conductor of the Belle of New York company at the Princess Theatre, and subsequently toured the colonies, other operas produced under his musical direction being The Geisha and La Poupee. He was also connected with the Metropolitan Liedertafel during the production of Professor Marshall Hall's play, Alkestis, and materially assisted in the success of that representation. He now goes to New York with the intention of finding an opening for his last musical comedy, written by Henry Temple, entitled An American Girl, which was produced at the Princess Theatre some time ago, but was unsuccessful owing to the inability of the authors to obtain a cast suitable to the requirements of the comedy, and also through the position adopted towards it by certain theatrical managers. Members of the profession will remember the circumstances. The American Girl was far better than many of the "musical comedies" which have been staged, and have prospered because of their American or European hall-mark, and it is to be hoped that Moulton will meet with the success he deserves.

"THE LORGNETTE", Observer (1 June 1907), 6

"ST. GEORGE'S CATHEDRAL. To the editor", The West Australian (17 September 1907), 6

"HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1907), 17

"AMUSEMENTS", The Register (31 March 1909), 7

"THE BUSKER", Sunday Times (18 April 1909), 1s

Musical works:

Boomerang march (march of the Savages composed by Alfred R. Moulton; Dedicated to the president & members of the Melbourne Savage Club) (Melbourne: Allan & Co. Ltd., [1895]) 

MOUNTCASTLE, Benjamin Such

Amateur vocalist, treasurer (Australian Harmonic Club, Sydney Philharmonic Society), hatter

Born ? London, England, c. 1805
Married Mary Ann LAVERICK, St. Botolph Aldgate, London, England, 30 June 1832 (aged "21")
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 April 1841 (from London, via Hobart)
Died North Shore, NSW, 7 April 1891, in his 87th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Born Sydney, NSW, 7 December 1859
Active Sydney, NSW, 1885-86


National Archives UK: MS 11936/563/1278739: Sun insurance records (11 July 1838)

Insured: Benjamin Such Mountcastle, 28 Aldgate High Street. hat manufacturer.

"PORT OF HOBART TOWN", The Courier (5 March 1841), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Monitor (9 April 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (27 October 1842), 4

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1844), 2


After each toast, an appropriate duet, trio, or chorus was sung by Brothers Waller, Allen, Gibbs, Mountcastle, Tibbey, &c. &c., which added greatly to the harmony and conviviality of the evening; the oldest members declared that it was the happiest and most delightful anniversary dinner they had ever attended.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCLUDING LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Australian (11 September 1845), 3

Burns' famous drinking song "Willie brewed a Peck o'Maut" was admirably sung and acted, too, by Messrs. Waller, Mountcastle, and Salter, but not to Burns' music. We could not, like the stranger, exclaim we had "heard that air before", nevertheless, a beautiful air it was, and elicited the rapturous encore it so well deserved.

"PENTRITH", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 July 1846), 3

The dinner was an excellent one, and the wines ditto; but the waiters amused themselves by tumbling over each other, and letting the guests help themselves. The Howsons and brother Mountcastle did the musical, and did it very well.


An appropriate air was played by the Band after every toast, and a rich addition to the feast was found in the exercise of the vocal powers of the Messrs. F. and J. Howson, F. Allan, C. Tibbey, W. Griffiths, B. Mountcastle, &c, who, during the evening, gave those less gifted than themselves, a rich treat.


Having made an excellent supper, you can then satisfactorily take your departure ... and if your shabby hat happens to be up stairs, n'importe, take some good Mountcastle - the first that comes to hand; such robberies are mere bagatelles nowadays; cloaks, galoshes, all the same.

"VOTING TWICE", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1850), 2

"THE QUEEN V. B. S. MOUNTCASTLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1850), 2

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Illustrated Sydney News (22 April 1854), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1854), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1857), 6

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1859), 1

"Y.M.C.A.", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 September 1885), 14

"THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1886), 9

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1889), 4

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (9 April 1891), 4

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1891), 4

Yesterday the remains of Mr. Benjamin Mountcastle were interred in the Gore Hill Cemetery, St. Leonards. Mr. Mountcastle was aged 85 years. He arrived in the colony upwards of 60 years ago ...

MOWLE, Stewart Marjoribanks

Amateur musician, Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born Deal, Kent, England, 17 March 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1836 (free per William Lockerby, from London, 5 January)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 20 November 1908, aged 86 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MOWLE, Agnes Isobel Douglas

Pianist, composer, poet, journalist

Born Miller's Point, NSW, 30 April 1871 (daughter of Stewart MOWLE above)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 10 September 1961

MOWLE, Ernest Aubrey

Musician, opera coach, conductor

Born South Kingston (Stanmore), NSW, 26 May 1874 (grandson of Stewart MOWLE above)
Died Port Macquarie, NSW, 5 September 1956

Images: Stewart Mowle, c.1865-70:



Stewart Mowle evidently had personal contacts during the late 1830s and 1840s with Indigenous singers in the Quenbeyan Canberra area. In Mowle 1891, he transliterated (but could not translate) texts of two songs, "Korindabria bogarona iwa-riniang" (a fuller text, as opposed to the bare incipit used by Isaac Nathan in his setting; see:, and "Buddha-buddharo, nianga, boomelana" (see also Mowle 1896; Both songs were also reproduced by Banjo Paterson in Paterson 1896.

Stewart Mowle was secretary of the Civil Service Musical Society in the 1870s and 1880s.

In 1879 he was listed as informant and friend on the death certificate of Eliza Wallace Bushelle.

His grandson E. A. Mowle later conducted the Lands Department Musical Society on an amateur basis, and was for a while in the 1910s and 1920s a professional opera coach. He was founding conductor in 1926 of the Canberra Philharmonic Society. Around 1899, with the help of his daughter Agnes, Stewart Mowle prepared his memoirs, "Journal in retrospect", now in the NLA: Agnes was also a composer of at least two published songs, a writer, and journalist.


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 May 1836), 2

"Civil Service Musical Society", Evening News (8 December 1881), 2

S. M. Mowle, Aboriginal songs: a few words of their language and mis-spelt names of places ([Sydney: N.S.W. Govt. Printer], 1891) (listed in Etheridge 1895)

S. M. Mowle, "Aboriginal songs and words", Australian Town and Country Journal (16 May 1896), 24

"Sydney Gossip", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1899), 1457

Have you beard Agnes Mowle's new song, "Dreamland"? It is so pretty and the words again show the poetic proclivities that have often appeared in the "Mail" - a simple little song that can be easily learnt without the music by the girl who can sit down and play without much fuss or persuasion. Are you not always pleased to hear that an Australian born girl succeeds without European assistance, as in this case of Agnes Mowle, who has never been out of the colony - nay, even outside the heads?

"LANDS MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1905), 12

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1908), 12

The death occurred yesterday at Woollahra, of Mr. Stewart Marjoribanks MOWLE at the age of 86. Mr. Mowle, who was the third son of the late Mr. Richard Mowle, an officer of the Imperial Revenue Service, was born at Deal in 1822. He arrived in Sydney in 1836, and was educated at the Normal Institution, and at the Sydney College, now the Sydney Grammar School, when he had with him as schoolmates T. Brown ("Rolfe Boldrewood"), late Dr. Norton, W. Smith, W. Robberds, Walter Lamb and Edmund Gibbes, with the last of whom he was an intimate friend. In July, 1838 Mr. Mowle decided to take to squatting at Sir T. A. Murray's Yarrowlumla property, where in the midst of the great drought of 1837-9 he was left in charge of the establishment, 25,000 sheep, and 50 or 60 men, mostly convicts. In October 1845, Mr. Mowle entered into partnership with Mr. Edward Thompson, went to Mannas, on the tableland of the Murray, then called the Hume. The country being wet and unfit for sheep, a return was made to Yarrowlumla. He subsequently settled at Canberra, but having suffered great loss through droughts and disease, gave up the land and was in 1852 appointed sub-collector of Customs and Water Police magistrate at Eden. He remained there until 1855 when he joined the Customs-house in Sydney. In 1862 Mr. Mowle obtained the position of clerk in the Legislative Council, and in 1883 he was appointed Usher of the Black Rod, which office he held until he retired in 1905. The deceased was for many years secretary of the late Civil Service Club and was also one of the first directors of the Civil Service Co-operative Society and secretary to the Civil Service Musical Society. In the early days Mr. Mowle was a frequent contributor to the press. He married the only daughter of Dr. Thomas Braidwood Wilson R.N., and later the daughter of the Rev. W. W. Simpson . . .

"ANOTHER PIONEER GONE", Queanbeyan Age (24 November 1908), 2

"AN EARLY PIONEER", The Braidwood Dispatch and Mining Journal (25 November 1908), 2

"THE NAME CANBERRA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1920), 11

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S SECOND CONCERT", Federal Capital Pioneer (20 August 1926), 1 supplement

"PRESENTATION", The Canberra Times (14 October 1926), 8

"As I recall ... How the Causeway got its name", The Canberra Times (3 October 1964), 2

The Causeway was the scene of many concerts and social occasions in the large hall that was erected there by community effort, before the availability of the Albert Hall in 1928. The first broadcast of a concert from Canberra took place from it in 1926. The Philharmonic Society, under Aubrey Mowle, rendered a programme of operatic selections, and one of the artists was the [later well-known] radio personality, Wilfrid Thomas.

"As I recall . . . A blow from an angry trombone", The Canberra Times (21 May 1966), 25

A talented draughtsman and musical conductor, Aubrey Mowle, grandson of one of Canberra's earliest settlers last century, joined our Survey Office staff in 1926 and he formed a Philharmonic Society and an orchestra with members of the first joining the latter as required. The first public Anzac Day Service in Canberra was held in 1926, on Camp Hill, behind Parliament House, and the band rendered the appropriate music and accompanied the singing of several hymns. Les Edwards, an accomplished trumpeter, played the Last Post, and Reveille. In 'Abide with Me', the band's tempo began to drag badly, and Mowle, present as a spectator, becoming desperate at this, went behind the bandmaster and, grabbing his arm, endeavoured to accelerate his beat, as indicated by the movement of the trombone. This infuriated the bandmaster, who had begun too early to celebrate the anniversary, and he attempted to strike Mowle with his trombone, whilst the concourse concluded the hymn in a ragged fashion - a situation without precedent for an Anzac Memorial Service ...

Musical works:

Dreamland (serenade, written and composed by Agnes Mowle) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1899])

Morning (written and composed by Agnes Mowle) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1902])

Bibliography and resources:

Patricia Clarke, "Mowle, Mary Braidwood (1827-1857)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005)

MOXON, Septimus

Bass vocalist. choral singer (Melbourne Philharmonic), merchant

Born Hull, England, ? 1823/25
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 March 1887, aged 62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[According to the 1851 UK census, he was born in Hull c. 1823]

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (11 April 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 October 1868), 4

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (24 November 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (15 March 1887), 1

MOYLE, James

Organ builder, music seller

Born Manchester, England, 1803; baptised St. Thomas, Ardwick, 11 December 1803 (son of William and Alice HOYLE)
Married Jane FAWCETT (1803-1893), Wigan, Lancashire, England, 14 March 1826
Arrived Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 15 May 1848 (per William Stewart)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1850s
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 7 November 1874, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Assisted passengers, United Kingdom Immigrants, 1848; Public Records of Victoria 

Moyle James / Labourer / 44 / [born] Manchester Lancashire / [Moyle] Jane / House servant / 44 / [Moyle] Thos. Henry / son / 1 1/2 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1856), 3

FINGER ORGAN for £35. James Moyle, organ builder, Ivy Cottage, Middle Dandenong-road, Prahran.

[Advertisement], The Age (29 July 1857), 8 

JAMES MOYLE, Organ Buider, Prahran, built the first and best organ in the colony.

"CHRIST CHURCH ORGAN", The Star (15 November 1864), 2

. . . The organ has been erected under the superintendence of Mr. Moyle, of Prahran, organ-builder, and does credit to his abilities in a handicraft requiring the exercise of no small amount of taste and intelligence . . . Mr. Moyle, the organ-builder, offers to make the proposed improvements for £130 . . .

"NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (17 February 1865), 2

We understand that considerable imnprovements are about to be effected in the organ at Christ Church, Hawthorn . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1866), 8

CHURCH ORGANS, first-rate London instruments, in excellent order. James Moyle, organ builder, High-street, Prahran.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1868), 8

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Herald (14 October 1872), 3 

James Moyle, of Fitzroy, musicseller. Causes of insolvency: Pressure of a creditor, and having become security for another person. Liabilities, £1965 7s ; assets, £2075; surplus, £109 12s 6d. Mr. Halfey, assignee.

"Deaths", The Argus (3 December 1874), 1 

MOYLE.- On the 7th ult., at Fitzroy, Melbourne, Mr. Jas. Moyle, aged 71 years, formerly of Manchester, England. Manchester papers please copy.

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, 57-58

"St Linus' Anglican Church, Merlynston [organ by] James Moyle, Prahran, ca.1855 . . . The first organ built in Victoria to survive" (from OHTA CONFERENCE BOOK AUGUST 1985; with note by John Maidment 2008) 

"Moyle chamber organ"; Victoria Heritage Database 

MUDGE, Parmenas Pearce

Professor of music

Born Exeter, England, 1829
Active Melbourne, VIC, from 1853
Died Strathfieldsaye, VIC, 1892, aged 63


"Late organist of St. John's Cathedral, Newfoundland", P. P. Mudge was a rare example of a Canadian emigrant. Three sons of Parmenus Pearce Mudge, senior, professor of music of Exeter, England, were reportedly "like many others in the 'fifties' ...attracted to Victoria by the gold fever of the period, but failed to do any good for [themselves]".

Parmenas Pearce, Samuel, and Burnet Patrick Patch Mudge (1830-1906) were all schoolmasters in Brighton, VIC, in the mid 1850s, and P. P. was still on the electoral roll there in 1859. By 1864 he was a minister of the Free Church of England, a music teacher in Bendigo (1865, 1869) and Echuca (1874).

Burnet, later a Methodist minister in South Australia, was also musical, as in particular was his daughter. Samuel also named his son Parmenas Pearce (died Albury, NSW, 1885, aged 28).


"MARRIAGES", The Gentleman's Magazine (August 1844), 201

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 June 1853), 8

"MARRIED", The Argus (8 April 1856), 4

[Bankrupts], The London Gazette (27 July 1858), 3501

"BANKRUPTS", The Jurist (25 September 1858), 400

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (3 October 1859), 4

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 August 1865), 1

"THE PROJECTED FREE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (29 December 1865), 3

... on the 5th of July last, I left Waranga, where I had, for rather more than two years, been laboring as a minister of the Free Church of England, and came, in a state of health which quite disqualified me for the onerous duties of the ministry, to reside in Sandhurst, as a teacher of music ... And after prayer, and much consideration, I determined to begin by holding weekly services in some public building, which should be less wearisome to worldly people than church services usually are. The prayers (selected from the Common Prayer Book of the Established Church) will be short and suitable to the congregation, and so will be the readings from the Word of God, and also the sermon. I have engaged Herr Gollmick, who is well known to all as a teacher, composer and conductor of music, to form and instruct a choir to sing pleasing sacred music, and I believe he is succeeding beyond my expectation.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (25 January 1869), 4

[Advertisement], Riverine Herald (28 January 1874), 3

"UNITED METHODIST CHURCH, BURNSIDE", South Australian Register (16 February 1882), 4

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (4 July 1906), 6

"Missing Friends", The World's News (2 July 1910), 2  

Bibliography and resources:

"The Male Family and the Spring Grove School at Beaumaris", Kingston historical website


Violinist (Tanunda School Band)

Active Tanunda, SA, 1853


"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2

MULHALL, Charles John

Choral vocalist, choir singer

Born Swansea, VDL (TAS), March 1836
Died West Hobart, TAS, 25 July 1924 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"OLD HOBART", The Mercury (4 July 1924), 3 


The death occurred in Hobart yesterday of Mr. Charles John Mulhall, at the age of 89 years. The late Mr Mulhall was born at Waterloo Point, Swansea, Tasmania in March, 1836, his father being a soldier in the 21st Regiment, and stationed at Swansea, where there was a convict settlement at the time. In 1840 he went to live at 48 Cavell-street, West Hobart, and remained there until his death, seeing practically every house in that part built and watching every family come. He had a wide circle of friends. Mr. Mulhall was extremely fond of music, being the possessor of a fine tenor voice. For just on 70 years he was a chorister at St. Joseph s Church, and organised several successful vocal concerts during his active days. He possessed a rich fund of information regarding the interesting days of old Hobart, and was always anxious to impart to those who met him, and were interested, his knowledge of the early times and incidents connected with the development of Hobart. When he first went to West Hobart there were but six houses in Goulburn-street, and down the centre of the road flowed a creek. Each house had its own little bridge, some of them being mere logs. Lansdowne-crescent, so thickly populated today, was then a wooded paddock on which cattle freely grazed. Mr. Mulhall for some time had been unable to get about owing to physical disabilities, and a severe seizure on Thursday resulted in his death.


Singer, songwriter, colonial songster

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1855


James Mulholland took a benefit at Ballarat in February 1855, when the Argus reported:

... on Friday evening last Mr. Barlow gave a benefit, and a well-deserved one, to his able and talented poet (the poet laureate of Ballaarat), Mr. James Mulholland. The house was a bumper, and received all the novelties, whimsicalities, and musicalities of the evening with great enthusiasm. I am happy to state that it is Mr. Mulholland's intention to publish his productions at a cheap rate, so as to be within the reach of all. As a picture of true Australian life, more particularly in some of its humorous features, they cannot be surpassed.

It was duly reported in June that a "book of local songs ... for the most part written by Mr. James Mulholland" had been released, recently referred to as the Ballarat songster, though more probably The Victoria songster, numbers of which began to be issued by Charlwood and Sons in Melbourne in April 1855 (the series reached issue 3 that year), and to which Mulholand contributed (see

James Mulholland also produced the lyrics for the burletta, The siege of Sebastopol, written for the minstrel singer Barlow, and performed at the Salle de Valentino, Melbourne in November 1855. At Mulholland's benefit in Ballarat in September 1856, three songs with words by Mulholland and music composed by Alfred Oakey were sung, Song for the bush (sung by Mrs. Oakey), Ballarat proper (Mr. D. Golding), and The forthcoming election (Mulholland).

Was he the same James Mulholland who, as Eastern Ballarat Town Clerk in 1859, was found guilty of embezzlement? A James Mulholland, of journalistic fame, is later referred to in the New Zealand press as having been an associate in Ballarat of a Mr. Dimant.


"BALLARAT", The Argus (22 February 1855), 6

"VICTORIA SONGSTER", The Argus (25 April 1855), 5

"BALLARAT', The Argus (26 June 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (30 August 1856), 3

"MR. MULHOLLAND'S BENEFIT", The Star (2 September 1856), 2

"MARRIED", The Star (16 February 1859), 2

"DISTRICT POLICE COURT", The Star (31 May 1859), 2

"BALLARAT DISTRICT COURT", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 July 1859), 4

? "Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1878), 12

[News], The Colonist (22 June 1893), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Doggett 2006

MÜLLER, Daniel

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active, SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.


Violin player, ? convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1801


[Notice], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 November 1805), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 203

... one Mullins, who was playing the fiddle late into the evening at ex-convict John Sparrow's house on 27 October 1801 and on leaving, severely intoxicated, stole four fowls.

MUMME, Charles Edmund (C. E. MUMME)

Amateur vocalist, choral director

Active Adelaide, SA, 1870s-80s (Adelaide Liedertafel)
Died Perth, WA, 12 June 1919

Bibliography and resources:

"Past officers", Adelaider Liedertafel 1858; Pandora Archive, National Library of Australia 

MUNCE, Mr. (junior; ? son of Samuel MUNCE)

Violin player

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1835


Probably one of the three eldest sons of Samuel Munce (1778-1841): William John (1814-1892), Samuel Moore (1817-1886), or, perhaps least likely, James Henry (1821-1876)


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (19 October 1831), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (1 January 1835), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 2

The concert at the British Hotel on Wednesday evening was most respectably attended, and the gentlemen amateurs deserve much praise for their exertions to gratify the company, Mrs. Davis presided at the piano-forte, and was very ably supported by Messrs. Munce, jun. (on the violin), Curzon (German flute), and Beckford (violincello). Ibid. [= Launceston Independent]

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (28 August 1912), 5

MUNCK, Ernest de (Ernest DE MUNCK)

See main entry with his wife:

Carlotta PATTI (Madame DE MUNCK)

MUND, Charles

Musician (Concordia Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1872


"POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE", The South Australian Advertiser (24 September 1872), 3

Charles Mund, musician, was charged, on the information of Heinrich Ludwig Fritz Schrader, with using insulting language, whereby a breach of the peace might have been occasioned. Mr. J. W. Downer appeared for the defendant, Mr. Boucaut for the informant. Mr. Downer said it appeared that the parties were members of the Concordia Band, and that some words arose as to the paternity of one of them, the defendant accusing the informant with being of gipsy blood. However, in order not to alter the name of the band, and the parties being unwilling to proceed any further, informant had agreed to accept an apology. The information was accordingly withdrawn.


Professor of art and music, painter, piano tuner, composer

Born London, 9 January 1798
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 August 1831 (free per Vibilia)
Died Hobart Town, 24 March 1848 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

MUNDY, Lavinia (Miss LORD; Mrs. Henry MUNDY; Mrs. Samuel DRAKE)

Amateur pianist

Married Henry Mundy, Sorell, TAS, 28 January 1834
Died TAS, 20 September 1875, aged 57


Painter, composer, teacher of music and art, Mundy was found dead at the Ship Hotel, Hobart Town in March 1848, having killed himself by drinking a tumbler-full of laudanum.

He had arrived at Hobart Town as a steerage passenger in the Vibilia on 1831, having been engaged in London on behalf of Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall, a private school for young ladies near Ross, to teach drawing, music and French (Benjamin Duterrau and his daughter Sarah Jane had been offered the positions first in London, but had not taken them up). Around this time Jane Franklin observed that the school was a place more "noted for its balls and concerts and matchmaking" than its reputation teaching. While at the school Mundy composed quadrilles and waltzes, the printed scores of which were dedicated to his pupils. They were published in London in 1838 and 1839 and sold in Hobart and Launceston. However, until recently, no copies had been identified.

In 2014 Peter Sims reported that an owner-bound book of sheet music had been recently discovered in a Launceston opportunity shop. It is now in the Peter Sims Collection at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, TAS, under the shelf number CHS37 E.2/9B. The book contains mostly London prints of music for piano and harp of the 1830s, but also includes a complete run of Mundy's Eight Sets of Quadrilles (London: Robert Cocks) which must have been printed no later than 1837, since copies of which were first advertised for sale in Launceston in April 1838. Sims identified the owner as Eleanor Williams (1832-1863), of Launceston, who may have been a young pupil of Mundy's.

Henry Mundy, Eight sets of quadrilles

The eight separate prints, each with their own cover, and each consisting of the standard 5 movements (each occupying a single page), 40 pages of music/40 movements in all, are in excellent condition. Sims 2014 includes handsome facsimiles of the complete set.

Musically, this is the largest and significant body of settler musical work to survive from Australia before the 1840s. The quadrilles are far more than just competently crafted, melodically original and texturally varied. Most of them are tonally and chromatically rather more inventive and sophisticated than many other Australian examples of the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s; for instance, the G major "La finale" of the Fourth Set modulates as far away as E flat, then juxtaposes E flat and B major chords en route to the dominant.

Technically, Mundy clearly directed them toward young players; they tend of favour the middle of the keyboard, and mostly avoid long passages in octave especially in the right hand. The Third Set is even more clearly intended as marked, "for small hands", the only one of the eight sets with a subtitle of any sort. Similarly none of the individual movements carries descriptive, figurative or dedicatory titling, though there are some variations in the usual figure titles - 1 "La Pantalon"; 2 "L'Été"; 3 "La Poule"; 4 "Le Pastourelle" or "La Trenise"; 5 "La Finale", "Chasse croise L'Été", or "Chasse croise L'Été et le Moulinet des Dames". Exceptionally, the five movements of the simple and musically direct Fifth Set have no figure titles at all.

Mundy, Fourth set of quadrilles

Images: From Sims 2014, reproduced here by kind permission of the author; for his facsimile edition of the complete quadrilles


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (9 November 1831), 345

MR. H. MUNDY, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC at Ellinthorpe Hall, intends visiting LAUNCESTON and its vicinity, during the Christmas Vacation, and requests that all applications for Tuning, &c. may be addressed, (post paid) to him, at Ellinthorpe, previous to the 1st of December. Oct. 28, 1831.

Diary of Thomas Lempriere, 26 January 1836 (quoted Sims 2014, 6)

... we amused ourselves with Mrs. Monday [who] played a few quadrilles.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (19 April 1838), 1

JUST received, a few copies of EIGHT SETS OF QUADRILLES, composed by Mr. H. Mundy, of Ellinthorpe Hall, in this Island, dedicated to his Pupils, very recently published, each set in a neatly printed wrapper, by Cocks & Co., London. The novelty of this being the first publication of music having any pretention to merit, emanating from a resident in the Colony, it is supposed would ensure to the work an extensive und rapid sale here: but the undersigned feels confident that his friends will find the work entitled to their attention upon higher ground than mere novelty. It is valuable from its intrinsic merit; and desirable to be possessed by every piano-forte player in the Colony. These Quadrilles have had an extensive sale in England. May be had of the undersigned, and of Mr. Tegg. Hobart Town. HENRY DOWLING.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (17 May 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (29 August 1839), 2

NEW MUSIC. A SET of SIX WALTZES, composed by Mr. Henry Mundy, just published by Cocks and Co., London, may be had at H. Dowling's, Brisbane-street, Launceston.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (8 October 1840), 2

Household Furniture, Piano-forte, &c TO BE SOLD BY PUBLIC AUCTION, By Mr. George Eddie, At the residence of H. Mundy, Esq., Brisbane street, on WEDNESDAY next, the 14th instant, the sale to commence atone o'clock precisely, and without reserve. A QUANTITY of Household Furniture, and Books. A fine toned Piano-forte by Broadwood and Sons. A first rale Metronome ALSO, An assortment of Piano-forte and Flute music, particularly recommended to teachers. AFTER WHICH, Two large Allotments on the Windmill Hill. Two ditto ditto in Pedder Street, the plan of which may be seen on application to the Auctioneer.

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 July 1843), 2

PIANO FORTE MUSIC. NOW ON SALE, a few Copies of Eight Sets of QUADRILLES, composed for and dedicated to his pupils, BY HENRY MUNDY. ALSO, A SET of BRILLIANT WALTZES. At Davis's Stationery Warehouse, 23, Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 August 1844), 2

Portrait Fainting, Drawing, &c. MR. H. MUNDY, Portrait Painter, and Teacher of Drawing and the Piano- forte, No. 51, Argyle-street, corner of Brisbane-street. Terms from the present date: Head Size Portrait, £6. Lessons in Drawing or Music, £2 5s. per quarter. August 27, 1844.

"SUICIDE", The Courier (25 March 1848), 2

It is our painful duty to record the following case of determined suicide which took place in this town on the evening of Thursday last. On the evening in question, Mr. Mundy, an artist of considerable ability, and very respectably connected in the colony, went to an inn, and, after taking a couple of glasses of ale, retired to his sleeping room. On the ensuing morning, the waiter, finding Mr. Munday did not make his appearance, knocked at his room door, but received no answer. His continued silence being regarded as extremely singular, the proprietor and Waiter, proceeding upstairs together, got into the room, and found Mr. Munday nearly dead. Dr. Lloyd was immediately sent for, but was too late for the unhappy sufferer, who died in about a quarter of an hour after being discovered. On the dressing-table was found a six-ounce stoppered bottle containing laudanum, believed to have been purchased from Messrs. Crooke & Daldy's. The contents of the bottle, with the exception of teaspoonful or two, had been drank by the deceased. We learn that the deceased for some time past has encouraged in morbid feeling calculated to urge him to the commission of the awful deed, and that he had previously expressed his determination to destroy himself with prussic acid. It is supposed he had been drinking for the last fortnight. An inquest was to be held last evening.

"INQUEST", The Courier (29 March 1848), 2

... Munday was an artist of undoubted merit, as many of his works (particularly portraits) in this town furnish ample proof. He was much respected, and his remains were followed to their lust resting-place, on Monday by many of his friends.

Bibliography and resources:

G. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83)

G. Stilwell and Carolyn Von Oppeln, "Henry Mundy: an unfortunate life", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 8/3A (September 2001), 161-71

Peter Sims, Colonial artist Henry Mundy and his music (Quoiba: Peter Sims, 2014)    

G. T. Stilwell et al., "Henry Mundy", DAAO

Joanna Gilmour, "Fits of delicacy and despair", Portrait 30 (1 December 2009)



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1856), 8 

THE NEW ARGYLE ROOMS, Turf Hotel, Swanston-street - MESSRS. WILLIAMS and MUNDY have much pleasure in announcing to the frequenters of Almack's that they intend Opening a Select Assembly to commence on 31st July inst., and every following Thursday, and trust their numerous friends will support them.
Admission, One Shilling.
Violinist - Mr. J. Mundy.
Pianist - Mr. H. Williams.
Cornopean - Mr. T. Smith.
To commence at Eight o'clock.


Musician ("Black Horse" Inn)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850


"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

MUNYARD, Mr. (alias/pseudonym; Mark MUNYARD; Mark SALOM; Mark SALAM; Mark SALOME; ? Mordechai SALOM)

Comic vocalist, actor, convict

? Born Amsterdam, 28 July 1818
? Active Perth, WA, 1835
Active Sydney, NSW, by November 1837
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by August 1838
Active Perth, WA, 1839 (per American whaler Napoleon), 1840, St. Jean-d'Acre (bombardment of)
Convicted to 7 years transportation, Old Bailey, London, 1 February 1841
Arrived VDL (TAS), 28 July 1842 (convict per Elphinstone, 3, from England, 6 April)
Active Launceston, VDL, by 1844
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), 28 June 1848 (passenger per Earl of Dalhousie, for Cape of Good Hope)
Active Cape Province, South Africa, until c. 1850 or later (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? Was he Mordechaij Salom (born Amsterdam, 28 July 1818), eldest son of Abraham Heim Salom (1788-1867) and Rachel Romanel Salom (1797-1867), and elder brother of Maurice Salom (1831/2-1903), all 3 later of Adelaide, SA?

"Mr. Munyard, from the Royal Surry Theatre" appeared at Sydney's Theatre Royal in November 1837. A letter home containing his intemperate comments about Sydney, extracts from which were published in the Gazette, caused a small riot at the theatre in March. However, he continued in Sydney for some months more before "the future Kean of New South Wales" left for Tasmania.

Whereas Munyard was not mentioned as having been a singer in Sydney, the first documented Australian performance of the comic song Billy Barlow was advertised by him in Launceston in August 1838. Also on the program was "An entirely new entertainment to be called THE HARMONIC CLUB, in which will be introduced a variety of comic and sentimental Songs, Glees, Recitations, &c."

A comic and vocalist, Mr. Munyard, possibly James Henry Munyard (b. 18 November 1816; d. 15 July 1850) was appearing in English theatrical bills by early 1838, but perhaps a little late to have affected Salom's choice of stage-name. There is no earlier record of a Munyard at the Surrey Theatre; however, in 1834, a Thomas Munyard, confectioner of Tothill-Street, Westminster, was reportedly robbed "of a watch and appendages, at the doors of the Surrey Theatre", by a fashionably dressed young man, who gave his name as John Henry Rosoman, but whose real name is Hicks, a well known member of the swell mob"; see "POLICE", Morning Advertiser (20 August 1834), 3


? [Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (3 January 1835), 417 

MARK SALOM hereby gives notice, that he is about leaving the Colony. Dec. 31.

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 November 1837), 1

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 March 1838), 2

"Theatre", The Australian (9 March 1838), 2

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 March 1838), 2

"The Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 July 1838), 2

"COUNTRY POLICE REPORT", The Hobart Town Courier (27 July 1838), 4

John Davis and Mark Salam alias Munyard, who left Hobart town under very peculiar circumstances, were apprehended at Perth, and taken before the police magistrate at Campbell town, on suspicion of being runaway convicts and discharged.

"NEW SOUTH WALES ... AN ACTOR A DANGEROUS POLITICIAN", Parbury's oriental herald and colonial intelligencer (August 1838), 175-76

"A HOAX! Munyard at Home!", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (16 August 1838), 2

"SWINDLING", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 March 1839), 2

"The Robbery at Gravesend", South Eastern Gazette [England] (22 October 1839), 3

MARK SALOM, alias MUNYARD SEAMAN, a flash looking young fellow, aged 22, was indicted for stealing one boa, five gowns, four bed gowns, and divers other articles of wearing apparel, and one box, the property of James Johnson, at Gravesend. The prosecutrix, a decent looking married woman, of about the same age, deposed that she came from Boulogne in the Emerald steam boat, the prisoner also being passenger. He persuaded her to leave the vessel at Gravesend, telling her it was the nearest and the best way for her to get to London. Herself and the prisoner were put ashore there, and her box was taken to the custom-house, the key of which was taken out of her hand by the prisoner and given to the custom-house officer. Prisoner and herself then went to the Pier Hotel. He told her that he would send for her box and put it into an omnibus, by which they were to go [to] London. He did not return, and witness then went to the custom-house, where neither the prisoner nor the box were to found. She then took a fly and want to Rochester bridge, where she saw him an omnibus, and having followed him to the Eagle, she asked him where was going with her things. He replied, "Hold your tongue; your things are all right." The prosecutrix gave him into custody.

Cross-examined Mr. Shee - Had been married three years to Jamas Johnson, at Hinxton, near Cambridge. Her husband was in Italy, and left her in Paris, whence she was returning to England. Was very sea sick on board, and the prisoner was all politeness, and she was very much obliged to him; witness swore that no flirtation took place between them ...

Mr. Shea contended on behalf of the prisoner that the prosecutrix had agreed to go Chatham with the prisoner, that it was from a mere accident that she did not go in the same vehicle as him, and that having altered her mind, she had no mode of getting out of the scrape, except that of accusing the prisoner of stealing her box.

The Chairman, in summing up to the jury, said that nothing whatever had come out in evidence to affect the character the prosecutrix ... The jury, after few minutes' consideration, found the prisoner Guilty, and the court sentenced him to six month's hard labor.

? [News], Norfolk Chronicle [England] (21 March 1840), 2

At our Theatre, on Tuesday evening, the performances were by desire the Conservatives of Lynn and West Norfolk, when the house overflowed in every part. The pieces were "The Honey Moon," and a new farce called "Dr. Dilworth." The play was exceedingly well acted throughout. Mr. [G. V.] Brooke's Duke Aranza, and Miss Ellis's Juliana, were very animated and natural representations ... Miss Carr and Mrs. Munyard as Volante and Zamora did full justice to their respective parts ... At the conclusion of the play ... There was dancing Madame Louise, and by Mr. R. Power. Mr. Munyard, in his comic singing, was encored as usual ...

647. MARK SALOM, Theft, simple larceny, 1 February 1841; Old Bailey Online 

648. MARK SALOM, Theft, simple larceny, 1 February 1841. 

GEORGE HANCOCK. I am shopman to Charles George Ladensach, a linen-draper in the Minories. On Wednesday, the 6th of January, between eleven and twelve o'clock in the morning, the prisoner came and asked for some shirts at 4s. each, the same he had had some of before-he was showed some at that price by Reeve, another shopman, which he did not like - he was then shown some at 4s. 6d., of which he chose six-they were put apart for him - he then asked for some fancy shirts at 2s. 9d., the same as he had had before, he said, as they had worn so well, he would give Mr. Ladensach a turn again - he had not had any before to my knowledge - some of that sort were shown him - he chose three, which were put apart for him - he then asked for some fancy socks, and selected three pairs - he ordered them all to be sent to No. 6, in the Crescent, in the Minories, the bill to be sent with them, and he would pay for them there - he gave his name as Porte - Reeve wrote it down Potter, in mistake - the prisoner said it was of no consequence, they were to be sent within ten minutes or he should be out - he alluded to a party who we had served in the spring, who went out on board the Napoleon to Swan river; and he said since then he (the prisoner) had been to St. Jean d'Acre, and was wounded in three places - he pointed to three places, and a scar on his chin was one - he has such a scar - I can recognise it now - he had not mustaches then - ...

[News], The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (9 October 1841), 10 

A person named Munyard who, as our readers will remember, was resident at Sydney some two or three years since, has lately been convicted in England, of swindling, and has been sentenced to seven years imprisonment in a penitentiary. Munyard was about to leave England for Sydney, with the property he had feloniously obtained, at the time he was apprehended.

Convict records, Mark Salom, convict per Elphinstone (3), from Sheerness, 10 April 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1431808; CON33/1/25,240,183,F,60 

Convict records, permission to marry, Mark Salom, Ephinstone (3); Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1264049; CON52/1/2 Page 437 

... Elizabeth Hollyman, free / [approved] [14 Nov 1846]

Marriages in the district of Launceston, 1847; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:835817; RGD37/1/6 no 1306 

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 January 1847), 67 

On the 1st instant, at the Baptist Chapel, by the Rev. Henry Dowling, senr., Mark Salome, to Miss Eliza Digby, both of Launceston.

"£10 COURT", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 May 1847), 3 

PYLE v. SALOME - This was an action brought by Mr. J. C. Plyle against Mark Salome alias Munyard, to recover certain monies paid to Messrs. Moss & Nathan on defendant's account, and also for goods sold and delivered ... Cross-examined by Defendant: - Mark. - How long have you known me? A number of years; I first knew you as "Munyard at Home," when you gulled the Launceston public; afterwards I knew you as Mark Salome, when you pasted through my hands for punishment at Greenponds; you were then a prisoner of the crown ...

"POLICE REPORT", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 September 1847), 4 

"SHIP NEWS", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 July 1848), 2 

Passengers per EARL OF DALHOUSIE, for the Cape of Good Hope - Mr. Goldsmith. Mr. and Mrs. Mark Salome and child.

"To the Editor", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 June 1849), 620 

"CORRESPONDENCE ... EARLY DAYS OF TASMANIA. TO THE EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (20 August 1883), 3 

... Does not "H." recollect Mark Salome, alias Maynard [sic], giving an entertainment there as "Maynard at Home," at which most of the elite of the town attended, dressed to death or not dressed at all - low-necked, arms bare, and jewel bedizened? Mark was his own money-taker, and when he found the room full, threw off his coat and started singing "Bath Bricks, a penny a lump;" but before two verses were sung the youth and beauty had vanished, leaving Mark to pocket the "spons" (I think 7s 6d each), and laugh at the "sell" ...

? "DEATH OF MR. MAURICE SALOM, AN ESTEEMED CITIZEN", The Advertiser (12 October 1903), 5

... The deceased gentleman was born in 1832 in London, where he was educated. In 1846 he was articled to a London stockbroker, with whom he remained for three years. He then went to the Cape of Good Hope, where he entered the employ of a large firm of merchants ... Mr. Salom arrived in South Australia in January, 1853 ...

? "DEATH OF MR. MAURICE SALOM", Adelaide Observer (17 October 1903), 32 

MURIEL, Robert

Amateur, member (Australian Harmonic Club), draper, haberdasher, auctioneer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841
Died London, England, 7 September 1898, in his 80th year


[Advertisement], The Australian (9 January 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (30 March 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 August 1841), 3

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1847), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1847), 2

"DREADFUL SHIPWRECK", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1849), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1854), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1898), 1 


Musician, ? fiddler

Active Muswell Brook, NSW, 1846


"MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1846), 2

"Patrick's Day", "Garryowen", and other national airs, played by Mr. Murphy in his usual masterly style, elicited much applause, and added not a little to the amusements of the evening.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], Empire (14 May 1853),3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1853), 1

"SEE LOVE'S WEB AROUND THEE WREATHING [sic]", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (21 May 1853), 2

"SEE LOVE'S WEB AROUND THEE WREATHING" [sic]. We have been presented with a copy of the above Song, by the publishers, Messrs. W. J. Johnson and Co., of Pitt-street. The poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B. A., is pretty, but the stanzas are too numerous and one or two are so conspicuously expressionless, that they might in our opinion be advantageously struck out. The fair composer, Miss Murphy, has done the fullest justice to the reverend author; and to the melodious accompaniment as rendered by her, the superfluity we have alluded to in the verses may pass unnoticed, or at least be tolerated.

"Literature. NEW MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (21 May 1853), 9

"See Love's Web around the Weaving," a song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Merewether, B.A the music composed and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen by Miss Murphy. Johnson und Co., Sydney. This one of the thousand and one inflictions for which poor Cupid will assuredly have much to answer. Whatever merit is due to the performance we must, as in gallantry bound award it to the fair composer. As regards what is facetiously termed poetry on the title page we certainly should not have noticed it at all, on the understood principle that compositions of this kind are generally mere nonsense apart from the melody to which they are subordinate. But in the piece before us we find the author of some of the most wretched "sky-blue," that ever we had the misfortune to peruse, a clergyman who has taken his B. A., degree. For this reason we addressed ourselves to the task of giving the song a careful perusal, from which we rose in much the same condition as one of Mr. Daley's "susceptibles" after a twenty minutes stare at the disc. The following speciment of the author's versification is really amusing :-

"Thee, oh fondest one, he sueth
With all eloquence, yet know
That with equal warmth he wooeth
Many women fair as thou."

The rhymth of the fourth line is bewitching. The Rev. author is no favored son of the "Nine." A clergyman should not descend from the high functions of his sacred office to

"Frame love ditties passing rare,
And sing them to a lady fair."

We cannot too much admire the usually tasteful and excellent style such matters are got up by the publishers, Messrs. Johnson and Co.

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 July 1853), 3

Musical work:

See Love's web around thee weaving, a song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B.A., the music composed, and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen, by Miss Murphy (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1853])



MURPHY, Francis

Priest, vocalist, cantor

Born Navan, Meath, Ireland, 20 May 1795
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1838 (per Cecilia, from Gravesend, 24 March)
Died South Australia, 26 April 1858 (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1838), 2

"CANT", The Sydney Herald (27 December 1839), 2 

We recommend the following example of canting nonsense to the special notice of our readers . . . it is abominable to find half educated people sending home such nonsense. They - that is the persons of whom the writer speaks - have baptized some of the native children, and "the whole tribe was present at the ceremony!" What profanation! To think of a tribe of aboriginal natives performing a Corrobora at a christening! It must have been a highly edifying sight . . . Here is the letter, let it speak for itself.

FROM THE WEEKLY FREEMAN'S JOURNAL, JULY 13. "SYDNEY. The folliwing letter, received by a Catholic clergyman in Dublin from his friend, the Rev. Mr Murphy, one of the gentlmen who left this country for the Australian mission in the early part of last year, contains some interesting details on the state of religion in these distant regions:

Sydney, November 29, 1838. MY VERY DEAR OLD FRIEND, I anticipate the pleasure which you will feel at receiving a few lines from one to whom you were so much attached, and who received at your hands so many acts of intention and kindness. At the distance of seventeen thousand miles from each other, I still can never cease to remember the friends amongst whom I commenced my missionary labours . . .

Believe me, ever dear Mr. Rochfort, your most affectionate friend, F. MURPHY.

Muprhy gives a detailed and interesting description of his voyage and the state of the colony on his arrival

"EASTER SUNDAY. SYDNEY", Australasian Chronicle (13 April 1841), 2

"THE LATE DUKE OF ORLEANS", Australasian Chronicle (13 December 1842), 2

"DEATH OF BISHOP MURPHY", South Australian Register (27 April 1858), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Osmund Thorpe, "Murphy, Francis (1795-1858)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)



Active Rockhampton, QLD, by 1873


"SKILLED LABOUR", Northern Argus (1 March 1873), 2 

MURPHY, P. (? Patrick)

Harp, Serpent and Violin Maker

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (25 October 1837), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (13 November 1837), 4

P. MURPHY, Harp, Serpent, and Violin Maker, RESPECTFULLY begs to return his best thanks to the Public for their liberal patronage since his arrival in this country, and that he will still continue to make and repair the above and other Musical Instruments in the very best manner, superior to any that have been hitherto done in this Colony. Any Instrument that cannot be removed to Town he will go to the Country to repair by being paid his expenses. No. 5; Clarence Place, Sydney, Nearly opposite the Barrack Lane.

Bibliography and resources:

Coggins 2009

MURRAY, Charles

Bandmaster (Creswick Volunteer Rifles), cornet player

Died Creswick, VIC, 7 February 1868


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (29 December 1863), 2

"DISTRICT ORPHAN ASYLUM", The Star (21 September 1864), 4

"VOLUNTEERS AT CLUNES", The Ballarat Star (9 September 1865), 1s

At Creswick the corps had both a brass band and a drum and fife band, which bad made such progress under the able tuition of their bandmaster, Mr. Murray, that he [Captain Dowling] did not think they could be surpassed for proficiency, considering the time they had practised, by any in the colony.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (8 February 1868), 2

Mr. Charles Murray, so well and favorably known as the band-master of the Creswick Volunteer Rifles, and to whom the proficiency of the members of the band is due, died rather unexpectedly about noon on Friday, 7th February.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (11 February 1868), 2

... Mr Murray had been a band-sergeant in the English army, saw considerable service in India during the Sepoy revolt, and had been dangerously wounded, for which he enjoyed a pension. His loss is much felt at Creswick, and particularly by the youthful members of the Creswick band, of whom he was a kind, patient, and successful instructor ...

MURRAY, Dinah (Dinah RUDELHOFF; Miss RUDELHOFF; Mrs. James Pulteney MURRAY; Mrs. L. D. MURRAY; Mrs. Andrew BOYLE)

Vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 1 September 1816 (daughter of Henry Anthony RUDELHOFF and Mary RUDELHOFF)
Baptised St. George in the East, London, 26 September 1819
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 August 1834 (per Strathfieldsaye, from Gravesend, 1 May)
Arrived (2) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 December 1836 (per Columbia, from London, 1 September)
Married (1) James Pulteney MURRAY, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 29 December 1836
Arrived (3) Sydney, NSW, by 1850
Married (2) Andrew BOYLE, Christ Church, Tower Hamlets, London, England, 26 October 1847 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


On arrival in Hobart in August 1834, two of the 286 female emigrants per the Strathfieldsaye, Anne Remens ("from the English opera", by November 1838 Mrs. Clarke) and Miss Rudelhoff ("from the Royalty theatre", by 1837 Mrs. Murray), were engaged by John Philip Deane for his Argyle Rooms Theatre.

She sailed again for England in May 1835, and returned to Hobart with her finace, James Murray, in December 1836. They were married on arrival, and she returned to the stage as Mrs. Murray in February 1837.

Though primarily an actor, Rudelhoff also sang, as for instance when she appeared in character as Victorine and "Susan Squall, the itinerant ballad singer" at George Peck's concert in February 1838. She was appearing at the new Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney in 1838.

She was in Melbourne and Geelong for most of 1843 and 1844. Having departed again for England, probably by mid 1845, she married Andrew Boyle, a mariner, in London, in 1847. She and her husband were back in Sydney by winter of 1850, when Boyle was tried of a violent assault upon her.


"OLD BAILEY", The Examiner (10 June 1827), 12

On Tuesday, H. J. Dunshire, aged 23, was tried for an assault upon Dinah Rudelhoff, a child of eleven years of age. From the evidence of the child, the mother, and other witnesses, it appeared that the prisoner, who was acquainted with the family of the prosecutor, took the girl to take tea with a common friend, and on his way called a coach, in which he committed the offence charged against him, and inflicted a disease on his unfortunate victim. In his defence, he said it was a conspiracy to obtain mnoney from him, as he had recently received a legacy of 5000l. - Mr. Baron HULLOCK said that, by the law of this country, a child having arrived at the age of ten years could be a consenting party in a case of this description. The child would be eleven years of age next September, and consequently had passed that age when consenting would be of avail to the prisoner. - It was important for the Jury to consider that the child made no disclosure of what happened during the 1st of April. The Learned Judge left the question to their consideration, whether or not the child acquiesced through menaces, as the alleged. This was a crime which, if proved, ought to be punished at the same time, it was a charge very difficult to be disproved. - The Jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty of the capital charge, but Guilty of an aggravated assault. - The Judge said a qualified verdict could not be received; and the Jury then returned a verdict of Not Guilty. - Mr. WOOLLER, for the prosecution, requested to have the prisoner detained for the assault; - which was ordered, and the witnesses were bound over to prosecute.

"MIDDLESEX ADJOURNED SESSIONS", Morning Advertiser [London] (28 July 1827), 3

Henry James Sunshine, a young man, stood indicted for a misdemeanor, in violently assaulting Dinah Rudelhoff, a child between ten and eleven years of age, with intent, &c. Mr. Phillips stated the case to the Jury. The wretched individual at the bar was certainly one of the most fortunate men in existence, having been, some two Sessions since, acquitted of the capital part of the charge, through the humanity of the Learned Judge who tried him. The case was then so clear, that had the unfortunate girl been six months younger, even that humanity would not have saved him from expiating that offence with his life. The prisoner had been intimate with the family of the poor infant for twenty-one years, and was looked on as a son. On the 1st of April, the consent of the mother, he took the child to a friend’s house to tea, and having got a convenient distance from her home, placed her in a hackney coach, and there the assault complained of, and which would be proved to the satisfaction of the Jury, took place, under most aggravating circumstances; he not only binding her to silence by the threat of drowning her, but adding, if possible, to this unparalelled wickedness, by communicating a loathsome disease. The prisoner had before escaped the leniency of the Judge and Jury, who tried him on that occasion; but he now called on the Jury present as men and as parents, to show their verdict, that such a crime should not be passed over without punishment.

Dinah Rudelhoff stated her age to be nine years and ten months, and spoke to all the frets stated by the Learned Counsel - She was very ill the next day, and complained to her mother, but did not tell her what had happened for three or four weeks, in consequence of Sunshine threatening to drown her.

Mary Rudelhoff, the mother, proved allowing the prisoner, whom she considered like one of the family, to take her daughter to a Mrs. Freeman's to tea. The next day she complained of being ill, and was treated accordingly. She (the witness) not suspecting any thing wrong, having so high an opinion of the prisoner; her illness increasing, and some very alarming symptoms becoming perceptible, medical advice was procured, and then, for the first time, she learned the extent of the injury. Mr. Thomas New, a surgeon, living in York-place, Mile-End-road, described the dreadful situation in which he found the poor girl, and added, that, in his opinion, the offence had been completed. Mr. Chapman, another medical Gentleman, proved having attended the prisoner for similar complaint in March.

Mr. Alley addressed the Jury for the defendant. - He did not stand up to defend the conduct of the wicked man at the bar, but in furtherance of the administration of that law, which alike protected the poor and the rich. The prisoner had been acquitted of the crime, although there was little doubt of its commission, on legal points; and it was not within the province of this Court to try him afterwards for an assault with intent to commit. After entering at considerable length into the subject, the learned Counsel concluded by calling on the Jury for their verdict. The Chairman conceded in all that had fallen from his Learned Friend, Mr. Alley. On the former trial, it had been considered, from the length of time that bad elapsed before the circumstance was made known the child to her mother, that a consent, in law, had been made out, and an acquittal followed. By the law of the land you must acquit him. After very long consultation, during which another Jury was in vain sought after, the Jury returned a verdict of Guilty, considering the threat drowning assault.

The Chairman. - No doubt. Gentlemen, you have given a most conscientious verdict; but I really don't know what to do with the man. Let him come up for judgment the first day of next Sessions (Sept. 10th.) Mr. Phillips. - The Jury who before acquitted him added, that they considered him guilty of a most gross misdemeanor. I would not mention it before.

Arrivals, female immigrants, Strathfieldsay, 13 August 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:401954; MB2/39/1/2 P109

Rudeshoff, Dinah [sic]

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (15 August 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (19 August 1834), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (22 August 1834), 2

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (26 August 1834), 7

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (29 August 1834), 2

Only 40, we are glad to say, out of the whole 286 female emigrants by the Strathfieldsay, are now remaining out of employment, and among those are several very desirable individuals, well qualified to fill the situation of governess or teacher in a family, as housemaids, &c. ... Misses Remans and Rudelhoff, two of the female emigrants by the Strathfieldsaye made their debut on Mr. Deane's boards on Saturday and must prove a great acquisition to the credit of theatricals in Hobart-Town.

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (23 September 1834), 6

[News], Colonial Times (18 November 1834), 6

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. David's, Hobart Town, in the year 1836; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:822452; RGD36/1/3 no 3215 

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (30 December 1836), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 February 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (2 February 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (9 February 1838), 2

1847. Marriages solemnized at Christ Church in the Parish of St. George's in the East in the County of Middlesex

no. 5 / October 26, 1847 / Andrew Boyle / ... Mariner / Dinah Murray / Widow / [fathers's name and in the presence of] Henry Anthony Rudelhoff / Sugar refiner ...

"POLICE REGISTER. BEWARE OF JEALOUSY", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 July 1850), 3 

MURRAY, Georgiana (Georgiana HAYWARD; Mrs. Andrew John MURRAY, 1837)

Pianist, piano teacher, organist, choral trainer, composer

Born Rotherhithe, London, England, 18 January 1817
Married Andrew John Murray, St. George, Camberwell, England, 2 March 1837
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 11 December 1839 (per Caroline, from London, 28 June 1839)
Active Adelaide and Port Lincoln, SA, from 1846
Departed for England, 20 January 1865 (passenger per City of Adelaide, for London)
Died Camberwell, England, 22 March 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Georgina Murray (photo Sue Hopkins)


Murray's husband, Andrew John Murray (not to be confused with Andrew Murray) held a variety of South Australian government offices at Port Lincoln and Adelaide from the 1840s to the 1860s. Mrs. Murray was active in the Choral Society, and among her pupils was the young pianist Richard White. The Murrays left to return to England in 1865. At least two published compositions by her are documented as new in 1860, both to words by Boyle Travers Finnis, and both lost: The gathering ("A War Song of Australia; words by B. T. Finniss, Esq., M.P., music by Mrs. A. J. Murray, Adelaide Glee Club"), and Canst thou not read the mute appeal (song; "the words by B. T. Finniss, and the music by Mrs. Murray").

Summary (Hopkins):

Once in Adelaide, while her husband was pursuing his career in the Government service, Georgiana had a musical career of her own as a pianist, piano teacher and composer, and a South Australian directory for 1851 has the following: A.S. Murray [sic], Clerk of the Cattle Market, Thebarton. Mrs Murray, Professor of Music, Thebarton.

Among her pupils was the young pianist and violinist Richard Baxter White. At least two published compositions by her are documented as new in 1860, both to words by Boyle Travers Finnis, and both lost: The gathering ("A War Song of Australia; words by B. T. Finniss, Esq., M.P., music by Mrs. A. J. Murray, Adelaide Glee Club"), and Canst thou not read the mute appeal (song; "the words by B. T. Finniss, and the music by Mrs. Murray").

A stalwart and possibly a founder member of the Adelaide Choral Society, Mrs Murray performed in many concerts as a soloist - both vocal and on the piano - and accompanist. Indeed the South Australian Register on Wednesday 14 November 1849 commented thus on her contribution to the musical life of the town:

We are glad to find that the committee of the Mechanics' Institution have exhibited their appreciation of the invaluable services of that sweet vocalist and accomplished pianist, Mrs Murray, by electing her an Honorary Member. They have likewise, at their meeting of last evening, passed the following resolution:

That the Committee feel bound to express to Mrs Murray the grateful sense they entertain of her past exertions in aid of the Institution, and the gratification which the exercise of Mrs Murray's distinguished musical talents at the conversaziones of the Society have so repeatedly afforded to themselves and every member of the Institution'. Mrs Murray, by affording the gratuitous aid of her inestimable musical talents to this Society during the two years which have elapsed since its revival, has been the main instrument in working out its present degree of prosperity, for it is a lamentable fact that neither lectures, discussions, nor Library have afforded sufficient attraction to members to induce them to keep their subscriptions from getting into arrear, and that the majority of the members have neglected to renew their quarterly tickets until the eve of the musical entertainments, which they have oddly enough designated conversaziones.

As a sideline she also apparently took to silk production when she exhibited at the Great Exhibition in London in 1851, "a specimen of silk raised by her at Adelaide in 1850, the produce of 580 worms, fed on white and black mulberry leaves". The South Australian Register also reported in February 1853 that they had seen the "Exhibition certificate forwarded to Mrs. Murray, and the certificates and medals obtained by a brother of Mr. Murray's".

This is Andrew John Murray's youngest brother, William, who had arrived in Adelaide in January 1853 with his family to work as a civil engineer and surveyor. When her husband took up the post of Government Resident in Port Lincoln, Georgiana took over the running of the church choir there.

Testimonial to Mrs. A. J. Murray, Port Lincoln.

On the 5th instant a deputation from the congregation of St. Thomas's Church and the residents of Port Lincoln waited upon Mrs. A.J. Murray to present the following testimonial to her upon her departure for England:

"The congregation of St. Thomas's Church with others resident in Port Lincoln are very desirous of testifying their high sense of the services which have been rendered during many years past by Mrs. A. J. Murray in conducting the choral portion of the services in that church. The kindness and zeal which that lady has at all times shown they wish to acknowledge with every feeling of gratitude, and think that they cannot seize a more favourable opportunity for so doing than on the eve of her departure for England, or a better mode of evincing their sentiments on this subject than by requesting Mrs. Murray's acceptance of the accompanying purse, which, although confessedly an inadequate expression of their feelings, they request her to make use of in any mode which may seem most agreeable to herself."

The purse, which was of a very handsome description, contained 60 sovereigns, which Mrs. Murray signified her intention of laying out when in England in a manner best calculated to perpetuate the remembrance of so gratifying a demonstration of friendship and esteem.

(South Australian Register Thursday 12 January 1865)

Georgiana sailed away from South Australia in the City of Adelaide on 20 January 1865 and arrived back in London on the 3rd May, three and a half months after her mother's death on the 16th January.

On the 19th October 1874 Andrew John Murray wrote his will at Athol House, Knatchbull Road, Camberwell - a name that has echoes of the house he called Athelstone in Adelaide. By 1879 during the course of his bankruptcy proceedings his address is Ravendale, Macaulay-road, Clapham - a name identical to his house in Port Lincoln - and that is where he died on the 27th October 1880.

In 1881 Georgiana is living at 57 The Chase, Clapham, and in 1891 she is at 175 Upland Rd, Camberwell where she died on the 22nd March 1901.


"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian (2 January 1846), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 May 1860), 1

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (31 May 1860), 3

"REVIEW", South Australian Register (3 July 1860), 3 [prints full text]

"VIII.SOUTH AUSTRALIAN LITERATURE AND MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (25 July 1860), 5

Proceedings of the Parliament of South Australia (24 November 1864), 323

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (12 January 1865), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Andrew John Murray and Georgiana Murray; family history, by Sue Hopkins (webpage no longer published)

MURRAY, Henry Nairne

Songwriter, poet, teacher, tutor

Born ? Scotland, c. 1794
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), May 1823 (free per Andromeda)
Died Richmond, VDL (TAS), 3 June 1849, aged 55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Murray arrived in May 1823 as a passenger onboard the Andromeda (Capt. Muddle from Scotland and Falmouth, departed the latter 10 December 1822); John Dunmore Lang was on the same voyage. The Gazette published his "VALEDICTORY SONG. On leaving Scotland for Van Diemen's Land" in Hobart in July 1824. At the time his educational pamphlet The schoolmaster in Van Diemen's Land was published in 1834, he was a "private tutor in Mr. Gregson's family at Risdon", and advertised himself also as "Teacher, Author of Effusions in Rhyme, and Fugitive Pieces, published in the Tasmanian Journals". He died at Richmond on 3 June 1849, aged 55.


"HOBART TOWN. SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (10 May 1823), 2

[Advertisement], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (3 August 1832), 1 

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (14 February 1834),2 

Deaths in the district of Richmond, 1849; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1194348; RGD35/1/19 no 62 


Effusions in rhyme by Henry Nairne Murray (Edinburgh: Printed for William Nivison and J. Robertson, 1818) 

"VALEDICTORY SONG. On leaving Scotland for Van Diemen's Land", Hobart Town Gazette (30 July 1824), 3

"A CHRISTMAS HYMN", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (24 December 1824), 3 

"Canzonet. Air - Adieu my native land, adieu", Colonial Times (18 June 1830), 4 

The schoolmaster in Van Diemen's Land: a practical treatise on education, for the use of parents and others, not professed teachers by Henry Nairne Murray (Hobart Town: Printed by Andrew Bent, 1834) 

[FEMALE EDUCATION] . . . Much, certainly, may be advanced in favor of the fine arts, and other female accomplishments; and they are not to be deprecated, or slighted - they [39] adorn, if they do not dignify humanity, and give an elegant employment to a leisure hour. When a girl has talents, and evinces a decided taste for the exercises of musical and graphical skill, these, and other branches, which add to female attraction, may very probably be introduced, as graceful and pleasing arts, to serve as a relaxation after severe mental labour, and graver studies; but, as these are only subordinate and lower branches of education, which serve at best for display (as they are only means of recreation, not ends to which things more essential are to be sacrificed), they should not be cultivated to the neglect of those useful, though less attractive studies, which contribute to mental improvement.

In certain ranks of life, indeed, these ornaments, which may produce admiration but cannot command esteem, are more likely to be dangerous than useful; particularly as they are apt to be regarded as more as they are apt to be regarded as more valuable than they really are, and pursued to such extent as to omit every other study. Those who exercise these arts, as a profession, and make them the business of their lives, will tell you, that they cease to be amusements, when they cease to be used as such, as, to become proficient in their practice, requires as much mental fatigue, and consumes as much time, as more solid attainments . . .


Bandsman (Launceston Volunteer Rifles Band)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1865-67


"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE. To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (10 August 1865), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER RIFLES BAND SOIREE DANSANTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 December 1866), 4

"PERTH", The Cornwall Chronicle (30 March 1867), 5

MURSKA, Ilma de (Ilma de MURSKA; Ilma di MURSKA; Ema PUKŠEC)

Soprano vocalist

Born Ogulin, Croatia, 6 February 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 July 1875 (R.M.S. City of Melbourne, from San Francisco, 21 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 11 April 1876 (per Albion, for Dunedin, NZ)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 19 January 1877 (per S.S. City of Sydney, for San Francisco)
Died Munich, Germany, 14 January 1889 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Ilma de Murska, 1875

Mademoiselle Ilma de Murska (Melbourne, 1875)


"SHIPPING", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 July 1875), 31

"THE DE MURSKA CONCERTS", The Argus (6 September 1875), 5

. . . It forms no small part of the grand reputation which attaches to this lady that she foremost amongst the very few singers throughout the world who can sing the music written by Mozart for the Queen of Night, in that great work of his "Il Flauto Magico". The song selected by Mdlle de Murska from this opera - "Gli Angui d'Inferno" - is written in the key of F major and in tempo it is marked allegro assai, but that which distinguishes it from endless other songs is that in its higher compass the note F altissimo, the octave above the fifth line the stave, is frequently introduced. Every reader knows where to turn for a singer who can give full value to the utterance of the note for there is only one in this part of the world, and her name is Ilma de Murska. But it is not by the production of this sound alone that Mdlle. De Murska made the extraordinary impression she produced on the audience on Saturday night. The song is full of fire and passionate declamation, and to express this characteristic quality in the high range of voice indicated by the composer requires physical strength, fine intelligence and a voice of the very rarest order. All these are possessed in such degree by this singer that De Murska does absolute justice to Mozart. To compare the effect of this surprising performance with another produced by a different cause - let us say that this is to the ear that which the display of the electric light is to the eye = it is felt to be the brightest and most beautiful of its kind, there is no improving upon it, it announces itself unmistakably as "best". The singer pours forth a torrent of bright sound which seems in every note to glitter, and as the light in its power is acknowledged by the far distant eye, so these bright and sparkling sounds fill every ear with their intense vibrations, notwithstanding that the singer sings with no more apparent effort than the lifting of an eyebrow. The accompaniment of this performance was entrusted to Mr. Alfred Anderson, who acknowledged the mark of favour by artist-like execution of this very important part of the work. His play was light, exact, fluent, and brilliant and although he could not give as the effect of the flutes, oboes, bassoons, horns, trumpets, drums, and strings to be found in the orchestral score, he added as far as it was possible to the effect which drove a whole audience almost into a craze of admiration. Showers of bouquets and shouts of applause greeted the singer on the termination of this aria, and these lasted without intermission until she had returned four times to the platform to acknowledge in her own graceful way the grand demonstration thus made in her favour. With the singular liberality which distinguishes her dealings with her audience, she gave an encore song even after having sung "Gli Angui d' Inferno" - this was the well known "Within a mile o' Edinbro' Toon," the tune of which, it may interest the reader to know, was composed by the father of Theodore Hook, the witty novelist and musical improvisatore. We have heard this song sung by at least a score of singers of repute, but by none of them have we heard it so charmingly rendered as by Mdlle de Murska. She gave a rigidly exact rendering of the musical text and one utterly devoid of any foreign ornament, but with a fine perception of the humour of the song her expression of it was simply perfect. The innocent sense of maidenly misgiving and personal responsibility she conveyed in her utterance of "Na na it winna do, I canna, winna mannna buckle to" was as delightful a touch of art as ever was witnessed.

"SYDNEY", The Telegraph (31 December 1875), 2

SYDNEY. 10.30 p.m., December 30. Mdlle. Ilma de Murska was married last night to Mr. Alfred Anderson, the pianiste. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, Presbyterian minister.

[News], The Argus (12 April 1876), 4

"MARRIAGE OF MDLLE. DE MURSKA", North Otago Times (17 May 1876), 2

Concerning the marriage of this lady to Mr John Thomas Hill, the "Daily Times" of Tuesday writes: Early yesterday afternoon a most unexpected event took place in Dunedin no less than the marriage of Mdlle. Ilma De Murska (Mrs Anderson) to Mr Strauss Illa (Mr John Thomas Hill). The ceremony came off in the office of the Registrar of Marriages, to which the bride and bridegroom quietly walked in their ordinary attire, without anything special in the way of wedding costume; but no sooner had the marriage taken place than the news was in everyone's mouth. Numbers of persons visited the Registrar's office during the afternoon, and each disbursed half-a-crown for the pleasure of perusing the following entry in the official record: "Married, on Monday, May 15th, at the office of the Registrar of Marriages, John Thomas Hill, bachelor, aged 33 years, to Ilma Maria Thea Anderson, widow, aged 28 years." The witnesses to the marriage ceremony were Mr William Parker Street and Mr J. R. Sinclair, solicitor. We hear, though for the truth of the story we should not like to vouch, that when Mdlle. De Murska made her debut on the operatic stage in London in 1865, Mr Hill was a member of the orchestra on that occasion. However it is certain that Mr Hill only joined the company just before coming over to New Zealand. The eventful story connected with the death, two months ago, of Mr Anderson, and which caused so thrilling a sensation throughout the colonies, found yesterday what was to everyone a most unexpected sequel.

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

On Thursday, the day before the San Francisco mail left, an advertisement appeared in the Herald stating that "the management" had arranged with Madame Ilma de Murska to appear in Sydney for a short operatic season. The advertisement was not signed, which was in itself suspicious, and as there is no operatic company here, nor any means of getting one together, the announcement was rather unintelligible. Still there were those possessing claims on "the management," of a pecuniary nature, who were induced to hold them over on the strength of this advertisement. By the mail steamer, however, departed both the great vocalist and "the management," and debts, which before were doubtful, became, of course, decidedly bad. It was a smart trick, and affords matter for pensive reflection on the part of the creditors.

Bibliography and resources:

"Ema Pukšec", Wikipediašec


Theatrical and operatic manager (NLA persistent identifier)


MUSIN, Ovide


Born Nandrin, Liége, Belgium, 22 September 1854
First Australian tour, 1892
Second Australian tour 1896-97
Died Brooklyn, NY, USA, 30 October 1829 (NLA persistent identifier)



"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (23 July 1892), 9

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35


Ovide Musin, My memories ... a half-century of adventures and experiences and globe travel written by himself (New York; Musin, 1920),_Ovide

Bibliography and resources:

"Ovide Musin", Wikipedia

MYERS, Edward

Violinist, music copyist, teacher of music, forger, fraudster, convict, medical pracitioner

Born England, c.1818
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 1840
Transported (convict) to Sydney, NSW, 1841; active West Maitland, 1844-45; Hobart, TAS, 1851-53
Died Charters Towers, QLD, 13 March 1895 (TROVE public tag)

Summary (GS, 2014):

Edward Myers of Adelaide, 21, was sentenced to 7 years transportation to NSW in March 1840 for obtaining money under false pretences. Edward Myers (also Meyer) was listed as a member of the band for Isaac Nathan's Sydney oratorio in July 1841. In August he was an assigned (i.e. convict) clerk at the Government Printing Office, and in November advertised, care of Abraham Emanuel, that he would teach French and Latin.

In February 1842 he was before the bench again for fraud. He resumed his teaching advertisements in 1844, and in June and July advertised that he would also shortly publish a novel, FREDERICK, or, THE RECLAIMED, to be the first of a series. By September 1844, however, he was in West Maitland, reduced to advertising as a general teacher of children, but also offering to teach violin and adding "NB: Edward Myers copies Music very legibly".

In February 1845, he was reportedly led a group called the Coolie Camp Band at a civic celebration, but later that month he was before the court for fraud and had his ticket-of-leave revoked.

Having presumably finished his sentence, he was in Melbourne teaching Latin, drawing and violin in October 1847, but in September 1848 the "Writing Clerk, formerly accountant and agent" was insolvent.

Finally, back in Adelaide in May 1851, Myers, then a "law stationer", was charged with forgery. Sentenced to 15 years transportation, he was sent to Hobart in June 1851, only to reappear there in April 1853, as leader of Josiah Hand's Tasmanian Quadrille Band.

New findings (2016):

Dr. Ian Wilkey, of Brisbane, came across Edward Myers while doing some historical research based on records of the Queensland Medical Board, and decided to pursue him. He curates a user tag Myers Edward inside TROVE, and has also shared with Australharmony this summary of his ongoing research below (posted 23 March 2016).

According to Myers's death certificate his parents were Michael and Leah Myers, his father variously described as a merchant, magistrate, and high sheriff. Edward had poliomyelitis as an infant which left him "crippled" and he used walking sticks from childhood. References to his physical handicap and his use of sticks are documented in Sydney in the 1840s, Hobart in 1851, Sydney in 1861, and in North Queensland where he was known as "Old Sticks". Myers advertised that he was educated at the University of Rouen, and was described as "unquestionably a man of considerable ability and education". Perhaps already in trouble in England and sent off by the family, first to France and then to the colonies, he emigrated to Adelaide aged about 18, later mentioning being under the care of the first governor, Gawler (who arrived in 1838).

He began his sentence of transportation (see summary above) in Sydney in 1841. After his brush with the law in Maitland he was sent to Port Macquarie where he became clerk to the prison governor. There, in March 1847, he was given his certificate of freedom. He went to Melbourne in October 1847, and in 1848 he was insolvent. He probably returned to Adelaide in 1849 and set up business as a law writer and "fancy labels for shops and ornamental writing". By 1851 he was in further trouble. Again insolvent, he was arrested in a brothel and charged with forgery. He was sentenced to 15 years transportation and sent to Hobart. In early 1853 he was able to live outside the prison and in this period he was in Josiah Hand's band, and was first violin in the Royal Victoria Theatre orchestra. This period of relative freedom didn't last long. He was convicted of falsifying some prison documents and was sent back to prison. He worked as a clerk in the prison barracks. There is a report that, in 1856, he prepared an illustrated address on vellum that was "a beautiful specimen of artistic skill".

In January 1855 he was given a ticket of leave and married. In early 1857 he was released and went to Sydney. He again set up as law stationer and writer and became office manager for some lawyers. In 1860 he was back in the insolvency court. In 1861 someone published a circular about his criminal past. He sued a solicitor for libel and defamation. On the day he was to appear as a witness (28 August 1861), he disappeared. He caught a ship leaving Sydney that day for Valparaiso. He appears to have spent up to a decade in South America where he acquired an "MD". In 1871 he practised medicine in San Francisco. In January 1872 he spent a couple of weeks in Sydney. He went to Melbourne where he was registered on the basis of his MD from Lima. The Board appears to have accepted the diploma without getting it translated. A graduate from Lima turned up in Melbourne in 1875 and questioned his qualification. Although it appears that his diploma was accepted as an official document, given his track record it was probably a forgery.

When his registration was withdrawn in mid-1875, Myers quickly caught a ship to Cooktown. The Queensland Medical Board refused to register him but the local community accepted that he was registered in Victoria and he practised as a medical practitioner in Cooktown for two years. He then went to Cairns where he was influential in setting up the Cairns Hospital. He was medical officer for the hospital for 7 years. He was also involved in the publication of series of newspapers in North Queensland. After the failure of his last newspaper in Charters Towers he re-entered practice as a "specialist herbalist" but was not successful and he died impecunious in Charters Towers on 13 March 1895.

A Master E. Myers sang in a concert in Cairns in 1887. This was probably his son, perhaps born in Melbourne to the woman who may have became his second wife. He apparently had three children by his third wife when he was quite elderly.

Dr. Ian Wilkey


"SUPREME COURT", South Australian Register (14 March 1840), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (9 June 1841), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841),  2

"WEDNESDAY", The Sydney Monitor (20 August 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (13 November 1841), 3

"GOVERNMENT PATRONAGE", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 May 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (15 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (16 November 1844), 3

"MAITLAND UNION BENEFIT SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury (1 February 1845), 2

"MUSIC AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN DISGRACE", The Maitland Mercury (22 February 1845), 2

"ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN DISGRACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (22 October 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 September 1848), 3

"POLICE COURT", South Australian (13 May 1851), 3

"DESIRABLE IMPORTATIONS", Launceston Examiner (28 June 1851), 6

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 April 1853), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Gibbney and Smith 1987, volume 2, 132


Crier, bell-man, convict

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) before 1832


[Court reports], The Hobart Town Courier (23 July 1831), 2 

In the Supreme Court on Saturday ... Thomas Meares (the bell-man) was tried for stealing 2 figs of tobacco, the property of Mr. Cook, and acquitted.

[News], Colonial Times (2 October 1832), 3 

We are informed that a great number of the celebrated little engravings, called the shades of Napoleon, were brought out by one of the passengers of the good ship Persian. The London cries are becoming frequent in Hobart Town, for we have "fresh salmon," "fine mullet," and "muffins all hot," dinned into our ears before breakfast hour. We have also the noisy bell-man's clatter, "oysters," "mutton pies," and "sheep's heads all hot," &c. &c. vociferated by the professors of their several callings, till long after all steady people retire to rest; but although these different cries have become familiar to our ears, we were not a little surprised to hear the other evening a little Israelite, of a true Jewish cast of countenance, crying in the monotonous voice in which oranges are called by the boys at the Royal Exchange, "Shades of Napoleon, twopence a piece, twopence a piece shades of Napoleon."

"POLICE REPORT", The Tasmanian (16 November 1832), 6 

Thomas. Myers, the bellman, was fully committed for having in his possession a silver watch, stolen some time since from the house of John Jones.

"QUARTER SESSIONS. - HOBART TOWN, Wednesday, December 12th", 28 December 1832), 6 

Thomas Myers, (formerly the bell-man in Hobart Town) stood charged with receiving a silver watch, knowing it to have been feloniously stolen ... Verdict - Guilty. Sentenced to be transported for 7 years.

MYLETT, Thomas (Corporal)

Bandsman, band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

On Mylett and his wife Lucy hiring convict servants, in 1823-25, see SR-NSW, Colonial Secretary, Index: 1788-1825

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020