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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sa-Sc)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sa-Sc)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 1 March 2024

- S - ( Sa - Sc)

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in August 2021, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to the end of 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.

S., C. (i.e. C.S. )

Musician, violinist, violoncellist

Active Olney, Buckinghamshire, and Bedford, England, before 1853
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 1 

OLNEY AND BEDFORD Philharmonic Societies. - C. S., who played first Violin at the former and Violencello at the latter Concerts, will meet any friends addressing at the office of this paper.

ASSOCIATIONS: Olney (Buckinghamshire)

"THE OLNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . .", Northampton Mercury (13 January 1849), 3 (PAYWALL)

. . . gave their anniversary concert at the New School Rooms on Monday evening, some of Handel's finest compositions forming the staple of the evening's performances. Mr. W. Wright presided at the pianoforte with much edit, and high encomiums were passed on Mr. Kerslake's violin playing, and Mr. G. Field's vocal exertions. The attendance was both numerous and respectable.

"BEDFORD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bedfordshire Mercury (5 January 1850), 2 (PAYWALL)

The First Concert came off on Thursday, and was on the whole a very creditable performance. The grand Overture to Zauberflote was got through with spirit and precision. Now and then, if were disposed to be critical, we might say that the flutes, or rather flute was out of time and tune, which spoiled one of the finest parts of the Overture, but with that exception there was little indeed to find fault with; and what we have said of Zauberflote will apply to all the instrumental pieces. The performance of them did credit both to the leader and the band . . .

Also more usually Bedfordshire Philharmonic Society; the honorary secretary in 1849-50 was a Mr. Stafford

SACHS, Florentina (Florentina FEHR; Florentine FEHR; Mrs. Leopold Ferdinand SACHS; Madame SACHS; Madame F. SACHS; Florentina SACHS)

Amateur vocalist, composer

Born c. 1821
Married Leopold Ferdinand SACHS (c. 1820-1891), Holy Trinity, Islington, England, 14 May 1847
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 May 1857 (per Cyclone, from London, 30 January)
Died Bondi, NSW, 27 January 1907, aged "86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Florentina Fehr, her husband Leopold Ferdinand Sachs (d. 1891), a homeopathic practitioner, and two young sons, Leo Ferdinand (d. QLD, 1934) and Julius Otto (d. NSW, 1902), arrived in Sydney as unassisted immigrants from London on the Cyclone in May 1857. At the time of the 1851 England census, the were living in Chelsea, where Leopold was then a teacher of languages.

Florentina was identified as an "amateur" vocalist in a concert at Balmain in 1859, singing Bishop's Pretty mocking bird, with the flute obligato played by John James Mallcott Richardson, and the piano accompaniment by an unidentified lady amateur.

She wrote the words and music of The Australian volunteers' song, which was published for her by James C. Fussell in August 1861. The lithographic print was neatly produced, but the words and music are thoroughly undistinguished. As some excuse for her unwisely venturing into print, however, her husband was insolvent around this time, and she may well have hoped that the publication would supplement her family's income.


1847, marriage solemnized at the Holy Trinity church in the parish of Islington in the county of Middlesex; register 1837-54, page 226; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 451 / May 14 / Leopold Sachs / 26 / bachelor / Teacher of languages / 18 Kenningford Terrace / [father] Abel Sachs / Merchant
Florentine Fehr / 25 / Spinster / - / Chesterfield Street / August Fehr / Clergyman

England census, 30 March 1851, Chelsea north east, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1474 (PAYWALL)

5 Cadogan St. / Leopold Sackshead [sic] / Head / [Married] / 30 / Professor of Languages / [born] [illegible]
Florentine [Sackshead] / Wife / [Married] / 28 / - / [born] [illegible]
Ferdinand [Sackshead] / Son / - / 3 / - / [born] London Middls.
Julius [Sackshead] / [Son] / - / 2 / [born] Brighton Sussex

"INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The jurist (18 October 1851), 374 (DIGITISED)

. . . Leopold Sachs, Cadogan-st., Chelsea, Middlesex, teacher of languages; in the Debtors Prison for London and Middlesex . . .

Sydney, NSW (from 4 May 1857):

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1857), 4 

May 4. Cyclone, ship, 665 tons Captain, Hossack, from London 30th January. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Sachs and 2 children . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1857), 1 

DR. L. F. SACHS may be consulted homoeopathically, from 10 to 2 o'clock, at Rose Cottage, Balmain, near the Unity Hall; and at Sydney, at Homoeopathic Pharmacy, as soon as the rooms are ready. Advice gratis to the poor from 9 to 10.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1858), 1 

BALMAIN BAZAAR.-It is proposed to hold a Bazaar during the EASTER WEEK to raise funds or the enlargement of the School-house connected with St. Mary's Church, Balmain. The following Ladies, who have promised to take stalls, viz.,
Mrs. Stack; Mrs. Perkins; Mrs. Buchanan; Mrs. Robertson; Mrs. Deloitte; Mrs. Rucker;
Mrs. Augustus Dillon Mrs. Sachs; Mrs. Dye; Mrs. Thurston, will thankfully receive contributions.
M. HUNT, honorary Secretary.

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1859), 1

On Thursday, 13th instant, at her residence, Balmain, Mrs. Sachs, of a daughter.

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 13

Last night a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music was held in aid of the funds of the School of Arts, Balmain, in the school-house, Adolphus-street, at which a large number of the principal residents were present, together with several visitors from the city. The programme contained a judicious and varied selection from the compositions of Rossini, Haydn, Verdi, Bishop, Wallace, and others. The overtures were both brilliantly performed, especially the second; the first of them - from Il Tancredi being followed by a well executed glee, the music of which was by Bishop. This glee was sung in very superior style by four German gentlemen amateurs, who, on being complimented with a unanimous encore, favoured the company with another piece, of an exquisitely soft and plainriff character. The next item was a very pleasing song by a lady amateur, Madame Sachs. This song, "The Pretty Mocking Bird," given with a flute obligato accompaniment by Mr. Richardson, and a symphony on the pianoforte by a lady, was warmly applauded . . . The second portion of the concert went off equally well . . . Two capital comic songs, "The Beautiful Mrs. Crop," and "The Man in the Moon," by Mr. Banks, afforded universal satisfaction . . . Mr. Richardson's admirable flute solo from Verdi's opera Il Trovatore (with a skilful accompaniment by Mr. Eigenschenck) came next, and preceded a Tyrolean song, by Madame Sachs, which was loudly applauded . . . About three hundred ladles and gentlemen were present . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John James Mallcott Richardson (flute); Charles Eigenschenck (violin); Thomas Banks (vocalist)

MUSIC: The pretty mocking bird (Bishop)

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1861), 2 

Leopold Ferdinand Sachs, of Balmain, gentleman. Liabilities, £1366 5s. 5d. Assets - value of personal property, £240. Deficit, £1116 5s. 5d. Mr. Sempill, official assignee.

[Advertisement], Empire (26 July 1861), 8 

MUSIC . . . In the press, and will be published for the author,
Madame F. Sach, "The Volunteer's Song," price 2s. . . .
J. C. FUSSELL, Publisher, Crescent House, Crescent-street, near Prince-street, Sydney.

ASSOCIATIONS: James C. Fussell (music publisher)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1861), 8

MUSIC- Just published, The Australian Volunteers' Song, sung by Madame F. Sachs, price 2s. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1 

MUSIC - Just published, The Australian Volunteers' Song, by Madame F. Sachs; price 2s. J. C. FUSSELL, publisher, Crescent House, Crescent-street, near Prince-street, Sydney.

"AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1861), 5

We have been favoured with a copy of the Australian Volunteers' Song, the words and music by Madame F. Sachs, of Balmain. It is a lively, inspiriting air in two sharps, quite adapted for a voice of moderate compass. Is published by Mr. J. C. Fussell, the energetic proprietor of that well-known publication - the Australian Musical Bouquet. We have great pleasure in recommending it to our musical readers.

"NEW MUSIC", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (31 August 1861), 2 

We have received two new pieces of music, entitled "The Australian Volunteers' Song" and "The Night March of the Volunteers." The two are published in Sydney, and both the music and verses of the first named piece are composed by a lady resident at Balmain - Madame F. Sachs. The words of the Night March are written by Mark Lemon, and the music by Balfe. Considering the martial spirit that is now abroad, both pieces are likely to obtain a large circulation. They can be obtained in Newcastle at Messrs. R. C. Knaggs and Co.'s, Hunter-street.

"MUSIC", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (7 September 1861), 2 

We have received from Mr. J. C. Fussell, of Sydney, copies of the Night March of the Volunteers - the poetry by Mark Lemon, the music by Balfe; the Satanella Valse, by Henri Laurent; and the Australian Volunteer's Song - words and music by Madame F. Sachs. As these are popular productions, very neatly got up, we hope they will be patronised with that spirit which all elegant colonial publications are deserving of.

"DEATH OF DR. SACHS", The Australian Star (11 November 1891), 3 

It is with regret that the news of the death of Dr. L. F. Sachs, of Manly, will be received. The deceased gentleman had been unwell for some time, and succumbed on Sunday. At Manly and elsewhere he was well known and highly respected, and his kindness among the poorer classes will long be remembered. The funeral took place on Monday, and was largely attended, amongst those present being Messrs. L. Sachs, J. Sachs, A. Morris, Ridge, J. Woods, Brood, Hole, Drs. Thomas and Watkins.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1907), 6

SACHS - January 27, 1907, at Neora, Ocean-street, Bondi, Florentina Sachs, relict of the late Dr. Sachs, of Manly, aged 86 years.

Musical works:

The Australian volunteer's song, words & music by Madame F. Sachs (Sydney: Published for the author by J. C. Fussell, [1861]) (DIGITISED)



Active Melbourne, VIC, April 1849 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (14 April 1849), 3 

Mechanics' Institution. MUSIC CLASS.
Patrons - His Honor the Superintendent. His Honor the Resident Judge.
THE Members of the Class beg to announce that they will give their Public Concert, in the Room of the Mechanics' Institute, On TUESDAY Next, 17th Inst.
PROGRAMME. 1st Part. Overture - "Tancredi" - Rossini.
Song - "Der erste Kuss" - "The first Kiss" (by Mr. M. Sachs) - German.
Solo - Pianoforte (by Mr. Pietzker) - Weber . . .
Solo - Violin (by Mr. Megson) - L'Maurer.
Part II . . . Song - "Hear me gentle Maritana" - Opera "Maritana" - Violin Obligato - (by Mr. Griffiths) - Wallace . . .
Song - "Der Schiffer und sein Liebchen" - "The Boatman and his Lover" - (by Mr. M. Sachs) - German.
Quadrilles - "La Somnambula" - Arranged by Megson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violin, leader); Joseph Griffiths (violin); William Pietzker (piano)

SADAC, Benjamin (Benjamin SADAC; Benjamin SADAK) = alias of BENJAMIN FARRE

Songwriter, bush balladist, poet

SADLER, James (James SADLER)

Musical instrument maker, tuner, and repairer, cabinet maker, carver

Born England, 21 November 1817; baptised St. Matthew, Bethnal Green, 27 August 1820; son of Robert SADLER (d. 1868) and Catherine HUDSON (1791-1864)
Married Elizabeth WEBB (c. 1825-1909), St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, 2 May 1841
Arrived VDL (TAS), 4 July 1842 (per Orleana, from Plymouth, 21 March)
Died Launceston, TAS, 5 September 1892, aged "76" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SADLER, Sarah Elizabeth (Sarah Elizabeth SADLER; Mrs. George Augustus ELDRED)

Amateur musician, vocalist, pianist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 23 October 1843; daughter of James SADLER and Elizabeth WEBB
Married George Augustus ELDRED, Launceston, TAS, 15 March 1866
Departed Hobart, TAS, 3 February 1870 (per Derwent, for Melbourne, en route for England)
Died Havant, Hampshire, England, 6 March 1872, aged "28" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Matthew, Bethnal Green, in the county of Middlesex in the year 1820; register, 1819-28, page 75; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Aug'st 27 / James born 21 Nov'r 1817 / [son of] Robert & Catherine / Sadler / Bennett Place / Cabinet Maker . . .

1841, marriage solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch in the county of Middlesex; register 1840-41, page 187; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 374 / 2 May 1841 / James Sadler / Of full age / Bachelor / Carver / Gloucester Street / [son of] Robert Sadler / Carver
Elizabeth Webb / Minor / Spinster / - / Church Street / [daughter of] Sam'l Webb / Cooper . . .

Assisted immigrants per Orleana, Hobart Town, 4 July 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1532308; CSO8/1/60 file 1347 

Jas. Sadler & Wife / Left the place of London with his wife on his own account / Chairmaker and carver / [born] London / [Read and write] . . .

1843, births in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1105694; RGD33/1/23/ no 1718 (DIGITISED)

No. 1718 / 23 October / Sarah Elizabeth / [daughter of] James Sadler / Elizabeth Sadler formerly Webb / Cabinet Maker / [informant] Robert Sadler York Street Uncle . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (1 August 1849), 2

To be sold, a fine toned colonial made Seraphine, suitable for church or chapel.
May be seen at Messrs. Sadler and Reid's, cabinet-makers, St. John-street.
R. SADDLER [sic].
N.B.- Seraphines and piano-fortes tuned and repaired.
July 31.

"SERAPHINE", Launceston Examiner (4 August 1849), 5

Mr. Sadler has just completed a seraphine, which is advertised for sale, and may be seen at the warehouse of Messrs. Sadler and Reid, St. John-street. It is a snperior instrument, has it full rich tone, and is admirably adapted for leading a church or chapel choir.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1849), 767 

SIR, - Observing in the Chronicle of Wednesday, a notice of a seraphine for sale, I think it would be a good opportunity for the Wardens of Trinity Church to improve the choir, which is very indifferent for want of an instrument, and is capable of great amendment. The leader of the singing is an excellent judge of music, and extremely suited for his office, but the least that is said about the members of the choir, the better. Indeed, church music cannot be effectively performed without an organ or seraphine, in so large a building as Trinity, and I am sure Mr. Brain is to be pitied, very often, in his endeavours to harmonize the discordant portions of his corps de musique. The seraphine that Mr. Reibey introduced (at his own expence) was an agreeable aid to the celebration of Divine Service, and so was acknowledged by the congregation generally, but being private property, the Church had the mortification to lose it on that reverend gentleman's retirement, without another being provided in its place. I am aware, Mr. Editor, that the introduction of a seraphine would be a matter of expence, and entail an additional charge on the Church funds, but the advantage, in many respects, would be great, and soon would counterbalance every pecuniary consideration. Not a member of the congregation but would be glad of such an addition, and would cheerfully contribute something extra towards the cost. The increased stipend of the present minister has, I suppose, been met without much difficulty, but I hope the resources of the congregation are not so drained as to make it impossible to effect the object proposed; and the rev. incumbent will (I feel confident) excuse the remark, that it would be a sure mean of increasing the attendance at Church. Whether such a motive for church-going is strictly proper, Mr. Yarker could better tell than myself, but experience proves that the efficient management of the and chaste soft and correct chaunting and singing, frequently induce persons to prefer that church or chapel to any other. I would not have the members of our ancient and venerable Church behind-hand in presenting all legitimate inducements to her members to be constant and punctual attendants at her services, for when such inducements are made subservient to the promoting of religion, and an attention to the duties of worship, they answer their proper end, and the neglect of them, becomes a crime. Apologising for these remarks, and hoping the Minister and Wardens will not think the matter beneath their notice,
I remain, Sir, your obedient servant,
ALTO. August 2nd.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reibey (clergyman); Thomas Brain (leader of the singing, Trinity Church, Launceston)

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 August 1849), 777

Mr. "Alto's" communication was published in our last number . . . We agree with our correspondent . . . that it is not the less desirable to have an instrument for leading the choir, and Mr. Sadler's seraphine would answer the purpose admirably if - and there's the hitch - if there was money, first to buy the instrument, and then to pay for playing it. We should be glad to see it accomplished, but doubt its practicability at present. There are many things requiring funds at Trinity Church, which a much more active pastor, and far better working wardens would have difficulty to accomplish . . . With regard to the seraphine, there can be no question that for the sake of patronizing local genius, and encouraging the maker to construct another, he will soon meet with a purchaser. Mr. Sadler should give the inhabitants the chance of hearing the instrument played, either at a concert, or on some suitable public occasion. Some gentlemen who have had an opportunity of judging of its tones and inspecting its make, report in terms of the highest commendation.

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Examiner (20 March 1866), 4 

ELDRED - SADLER - On the 15th instant, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. W. Law, George Augustus Eldred, eldest son of Mr. A. A. Eldred, Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, England, to Sarah Elizabeth Sadler, eldest daughter of Mr. James Sadler, Launceston.

"DEATHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 May 1872), 4 

ELDRED - At her residence, Havant, Hampshire, England, on the 6th of March, aged 28 years, Sarah Elizabeth, the beloved wife of Mr. G. A. Eldred, and eldest daughter of Mr. James Sadler, of Launceston.

1892, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1240054; RGD35/1/61 no 283$init=RGD35-1-61P27 (DIGITISED)

No. 476 / [died] 5 September 1892 / James Sadler (died Race Course Crescent) (born England) / Male / 76 years / House-holder / Senility & Erysipelas . . .

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (6 September 1892), 1 

SADLER - On 5th September, at his residence, Race-course Crescent, James Sadler, aged 76 years.
. . . The funeral of the late JAMES SADLER will leave his late residence, Race-course Crescent, on Wednesday, 7th September, at 9 a.m.
RICHARDS AND SONS, Undertakers, St. John-street.

Bibliography and resources:

Barbara Payne, "Sadler, Robert James (1846-1923)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

ASSOCIATIONS: James Sadler's son

SAFFERY, Edward Charles (Edward Charles SAFFERY; E. C. SAFFERY)

Musician, teacher of music, lecturer on music, pianist, violinist, piano tuner

Born Ramsgate, Kent, England, 1808; baptised St. Lawrence, Thanet, 15 December 1808; son of Thomas Norwood SAFFERY (1745-1824) and Sarah Elizabeth PENSTONE (1770-1840)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 23 January 1827 (free per Grenada, from England, 1 September 1826)
Married (1) Mary BARKER, St. John's, Parramatta, NSW, 24 September 1834
Departed NSW, ? by c. mid 1847 (for England)
Arrived Nova Scotia [Canada], by 1851
Died Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 20 April 1875, "aged 64" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Edward Charles Saffery was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Norwood Saffery (1754-1824), a musician, and his second wife Sarah Elizabeth Penstone (1770-1840). Thomas's eldest son by his previous marriage, Osmond Saffery (1769-1843), was his half brother. His late aunt, Sophia Saffery (1754-1798), a vocalist, had married the musician Thomas Goodban senior (1752-1802) in 1777, and their son was the musician and composer Thomas Goodban junior (1784-1863).

Saffery reportedly came free on the Grenada, perhaps arriving in January 1827, although it is noteworthy that his name does not appear in the 1828 NSW census. He was certainly at Parramatta by September 1834 when he married a convict, Mary Barker. Nevertheless, only four years later he was reported in the press as taking an interest in another convict woman.

After being active musically in the Singleton district of NSW, Saffery disappears from Australian record after early 1847.

By 1851 he had arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia, via England, and by around 1853 at the latest he had married for a second time. Several of his compositions and arrangements were published in US editions in the 1850s and early 1860s, including a civil war song (some Nova Scotians fought in the American Civil War, before Canadian confederation in 1867). Saffery was listed in the first Canadian census in 1871, with his wife Frances and daughter Agnes, aged 17. He died in Halifax on 20 April 1875.


"GOODBAN, THOMAS", in John Sainsbury (ed.), A dictionary of musicians . . . (London: 1824), 287-88 (DIGITISED)

GOODBAN (THOMAS) was born of musical parents, who were both natives of, and residents in Canterbury. His mother (whose maiden name was Saffery) was a singer above mediocrity, and his father a violin player, and one of the lay-clerks of the cathedral. They kept a tavern called the Prince of Orange, where his father, with the assistance of his musical friends, established a weekly musical society, during the six winter months, called the Canterbury Catch Club, the performances at were conducted by his brother-in-law T. N. Saffery, and afterwards by his son Osmond Saffery. This society has been kept up annually ever since that period . . . [288] . . . In 1810, (the society being then in a declining state) O. Saffery gave up the leading and direction of the orchestra at the catch club, when, at the solicitation of the members of the society, Goodban undertook the duties of that honourable situation . . .

"DIED", Kentish Weekly Post or Canterbury Journal (4 May 1824), 4 (PAYWALL)

Last week, at his lodgings in Canterbury, in his 79th year, Mr. Thomas Saffery.

Convict applications to marry, granted, 1834; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Edward Saffery / [per] Granada / arrived free / [date of permission] 1834 15 September . . .
mary Barker / 25 / [per] Sovereign / [sentenced] 7 years / Bond / . . .

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Saint John Parramatta in the county of Cumberland in the year 1834; register 1826-34, paged 124; St. John's, Parramatta (PAYWALL)

No. 495 / Edward Charles Saffery aged 30 years [per] Grenada / of the Parish of Parramatta and Mary Barker aged 25 years [per] Sovereign / of the Parish of [Parramatta] / were married in the Church by banns with consent of His Excellency the Governor /
this Twenty fourth day of September in the year 1834 . . .

"DRAWING", The Sydney Monitor (9 May 1838), 2

On Saturday a young man named Edward Charles Saffery was coming to Sydney from Parramatta in the Australia steam-boat when he fell in company with a marvellously ill-favoured personage named Mary Desmond, who was returning from a monthly sojourn at that delectable residence called the Factory or Parramatta Ville. At the foot of the ladder leading to the half deck, did this interesting interview take place: (strange place to talk soft nonsense.) After a flying excursion over the regions of literature, not forgetting copious extracts from Byron, Moore, &c., they diverged into matters of a softer, dearer and tenderer nature, and while Edward Charles Saffery's ideas were floating in Elysium, he was suddenly recalled to the vulgarities of real life by feeling the hand of the gentle Mary gliding from the pocket of his Keyseymere smalls. "Earth has no rape like love to hatred turned," and this Edward Charles proved in his own person, for he was unkind enough, upon discovering that he was minus £9 16s., to procure a constable and give her in charge. Upon searching Mary, among other things a Bank token of the value of eighteen pence was found which Edward Charles recognised, and a bunch of keys was found at the feet of Mary when undergoing the operation of searching in the watch-house.

"DEATHS", The gentleman's magazine (July 1840), 106 (DIGITISED)

Lately. At Hammersmith, at the house of her son-in-law Francis B. Gibbes, esq., Sarah-Elizabeth, relict of Thomas Norwood Saffery, esq.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 June 1841), 3 

MUSIC. THE Inhabitants of Hunter's River are respectfully informed that Mr. E. C. SAFFERY continues to give Lessons on the Violin, Piano, and Guitar, as formerly.
Any Person requiring his services, is requested to apply to him at "Singleton" Patrick's Plains, where he has been teaching for the last three years, and can produce the highest testimonials from those Families he has had the honor to attend.
Mr. E. C. Saffery continues to tune and repair Instruments as usual.
Singleton, Patrick's Plains, June 1st.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (12 July 1845), 2

Last Monday evening the court-house was crowded by a respectable audience, who had assembled to hear Mr. T. W. Robinson's lecture on Elocution . . . The next lecture is to be delivered by Mr. Saffery, on Music, with vocal and instrumental illustrations . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Wilkie Robinson (lecturer)

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (26 July 1845), 3

The lecture on music, by Mr. Saffery, went off with great eclat, last Monday night. He commenced his lecture by proving the antiquity of the science, telling the names of a variety of musical instruments, principally ancient, and then proceeded to explain the meaning of notation and accent, as applied to music. The lecture was interspersed with some very amusing anecdotes, and to convey a correct idea of accent, "Rory O'More" was played, as an illustration, with and without it. The other illustrations, vocal and instrumental, were very good, and well executed. The Singleton amateur band contributed their assistance to the amusement of the evening; and, to shew the attraction that music possesses over every other subject, the court house was more crowded than on any former occasion.

MUSIC: Rory O'More (Samuel Lover)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (27 September 1845), 3 

"Tuning." THE inhabitants of Muswell Brook and its vicinity are respectfully informed that Mr. SAFFERY and the SINGLETON AMATEUR BAND will visit that Town on Monday, 6th October, for the purpose of giving a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT.
Tickets, 2s., and to be had of Mr. Elphinstone, Muswell Brook.
Persons requiring their Pianofortes Tuned and Repaired will be pleased to address to Mr. Saffery, care of Mr. Elphinstone, Muswell Brook, on or before that date.

"MUSWELLBROOK", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 October 1845), 3 

On the evening of the 6th instant Mr. Saffery, assisted by the amateur band of Patrick's Plains, gave a musical divertisement at Muswell Brook, which was numerously and respectably attended. The pieces selected for performance might have been more interesting, yet the music went well, every exertion being made by Mr. S. and his party to give effect to what they had undertaken, and to gratify their audience. We hope at no distant day to have another opportunity of hearing Mr. Saffery, and that the success which has attended this concert will stimulate the Singleton band to increased assiduity in their musical practisings.
8th October, 1845.


In making the first annual report to the subscribers and public in general, your committee beg to congratulate them upon the eminent success which has attended this, their earliest, effort to establish so desirable an institution . . . They thought it desirable, for the purpose of diffusing information and accumulating funds, to institute a series of lectures, and feel much pleasure in informing you that the following gentlemen kindly volunteered their services, and delivered lectures, to wit . . . Mr. Edward Charles Saffery, on the Theory of Music . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 June 1846), 3

Card. MR. E. C. SAFFERY, late of Singleton, begs to inform his friends and the public that he has REMOVED to Maitland, where he intends continuing the exercise of his profession as TEACHER OF MUSIC, on the Violin, and Pianoforte.
Pianos Repaired and Tuned, by the year or otherwise.
For terms, address Mr. Saffery, Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (17 June 1846), 2

The play of "William Tell," and the farce of the "Man with the Carpet Bag," came off this evening . . . Belfield, as Tell, did justice to this part; at any rate, to the satisfaction of the numerous audience, and that is sufficient . . . A new song, composed by the laureat, called "Sydney Avertising," [sic] excited considerable merriment . . . The Singleton little band, notwithstanding the removal of Mr. Saffery, did their best in the musical department . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Belfield (actor)

"SINGLETON. NEW YEAR'S DAY", The Maitland Mercury (6 January 1847), 2

. . . In the evening, our pretty little theatre was opened for the second time, to a fashionable audience. Shakspeare's tragedy of Othello, and the farce called the Man with the Carpet Bag, were the pieces chosen . . . Mr. Belfield, in the character of Othello, drew forth the highest encomiums. . . . A naval hornpipe, in character, followed, which was admirably danced by Mr. Sullivan, and received a rapturous encore. The humorous farce of the Man with the Carpet Bag finished the entertainments of the evening. Mr. Saffery led the orchestra upon the occasion, and with the assistance of the amateur band delighted the audience with a number of lively and popular airs. We understand that a melo-drama, of intense interest, is in the course of rehearsal, and will be produced on the 12th instant.

"TOTAL ABSTINENCE TEA PARTY", Sydney Chronicle (20 February 1847), 2 

On Friday evening last there was a tea party held at the "Ark of Peace," where, notwithstanding the wet weather, the mud being nearly knee deep, upwards of seventy persons were present, the majority of whom were females. The interior was very tastefully ornamented with flowers and evergreens. Mr. Saffery attended with his amateur band, and played during the evening several popular airs. At nine o'clock the President, the Rev. Dean Lynch, took the chair, the band playing "Garryowen" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Thomas Lynch (d. 1884)

[Advertisement], The morning courier [St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada] (17 December 1851), 3 

NEW MUSIC! . . . JUST PUBLISHED - THE GLENDON QUADRILLES, composed for and dedicated to the Ladies of Halifax, by E. C. Safferry . . .

Canada census, 1871, Halifax West, Nova Scotia; Library and Archives Canada (PAYWALL)

Saffery Edward C. / M. / 63 / [Country of birth] England / P.C.L.P. [Presbyterian Canada and Lower Provinces] / [origin] English / Professor of Music
[Saffery] Francis [sic] / F / 42 / W. Indes / [P.C.L.P.] // Agnes / F / 17 / [born] Nova Scotia

Deaths registered in the county of Halifax, 1875; Halifax, Canada; Library and Archives Canada

No. 255 / E. C. Saffery / M / 64 / Married / [born] Ramsgate / [died] 20th April 1875 . . .

Thanks to family historian Serena McLaren (Saffery), UK, for information including image of death certificate

Extant musical works:

Malakoff polka, Hurrah! hurrah! Sebastopol is taken, composed by J. A. Ross, arranged for piano by E. C. Saffery (Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1855) (DIGITISED)

The rail-road quick step, dedicated to the Hon. Joseph Howe (of Halifax) by E. C. Saffery, with violin accompaniment ad lib. (Boston: Oliver Ditson, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

The Union volunteers. E. C. Saffery (Chicago: Root & Cady, [1861]) (DIGITISED)

See also, Our war songs, north & south (Cleveland, Ohio: S. Brainards' Sons, [1887]), 159-61 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Michelle Elizabeth Boyd, Music and the making of a civilized society: musical life in pre-confederation Nova Scotia, 1815-1867 (Ph.D thesis, University of Toronto, 2011), passim (DIGITISED)

[168] . . . After arriving in Halifax from London, pianist Edwin Charles Saffery began publicizing his availability to teach music and tune pianos in September 1851; his first concert appearance did not occur until three months later . . .

SAGE, Robert (Robert SAGE; Bobby SAGE)

Amateur vocalist, boy chorister (Trinity Church), minstrel serenader, timber merchant

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 28 October 1838; baptised St. John's, Launceston, 21 November 1838; son of John SAGE (d. 1887) and Louisa FAWDINGTON (d. 1886)
Died Launceston, TAS, 6 July 1880, aged "41" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. John's, Launceston, in the county of Cornwall, in the year 1838; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1086525; RGD32/1/2/ no 8843$init=RGD32-1-2-P446 (DIGITISED)

No. 293 / [baptised] 21st November 1838 / [born] 28th October 1838 / Robert / [son of] John and Louisa / Sage / Launceston / Constable . . .

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 October 1861), 5 

"THE COURT MINSTRELS. To the Editor of the . . .", Launceston Examiner (13 January 1863), 5 

SIR, - In regard to the coming entertainment at the Theatre Royal, the gentlemen comprising the Amateur Court Minstrels beg to acquaint their friends and the inhabitants of Launceston that they are not connected with the entertainment to be given on Wednesday evening, nor have not been connected with any of the entertainments given by a company lately at the Theatre, who first styled themselves the United Amateur Minstrels, but now the Launceston Amateur Minstrels. Having heard the names of the Court Minstrels mentioned as being connected with that entertainment, we take this opportunity of undeceiving parties who have been led to believe that the Court Minstrels take part in that entertainment.
Therefore I beg to remain, Sir,
On behalf of the Company, Yours, &c.,
Sec. to L. A. C. Minstrels.

ASSOCIATIONS: Launceston Amateur Court Minstrels (local minstrel serenader troupe, active 1861-67)

"To the Editor of . . .", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 January 1863), 4 

Launceston, 13th January, 1863 . . .
SIR, - I have just read in the Launceston Examiner of this day, a letter signed Robert Sage, as Secretary to a Company of Serenaders (long since dead) styling themselves Court Minstrels, wherein he states he wishes to undeceive the public as to his company being connected with the Launceston Amateur Minstrels, that have lately been performing with such marked success at the Theatre Royal, in conjunction with those celebrated artists, Miss Aitken, Miss Bailey, Mr. Chisholm, &c., &c. By the disinterested public such an ebullition of kind feeling will at once be duly appreciated. Every person who has had an opportunity of hearing both companies, cannot but readily admit the great superiority of the present company, not only over the Court Minstrels, but indeed any other amateurs that have ever appeared in Launceston - a fact that is at once conclusive, from the rapturous applause they have nightly received from the most respectable and crowded audiences that have honored the Theatre Royal. And I am delighted to find that another opportunity of witnessing the performances of this truly talented company will be afforded the public this evening.
Your's truly,

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT . . . LAUNCESTON AMATEUR MINSTRELS", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 January 1863), 4-5 

. . . [5] . . . We understand that the Court Minstrels envious of the popularity of the Launceston Amateur Minstrels, intend to challenge them to a match at wit and melody on the stage of the Theatre Royal, the judges of the merits of each to be the audience. We were very much surprised to observe two of our fellow townsmen, who rank high as respectable tradesmen, take part in the cowardly attack on the Minstrels by aiding, abetting, and shielding from punishment the only two vagabonds who threw the filthy missiles on the stage.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (17 October 1863), 5 

Creole Relief Fund.
THE L. A. COURT MINSTRELS have much pleasure in announcing to the public in general that they will give an Ethiopian Entertainment in the Cornwall Assembly Rooms on Tuesday, 27th October, in aid of THE CREOLE RELIEF FUND.
R. SAGE, Agent.
Full particulars in next issue.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 July 1864), 4 

The entertainment given by the Launceston Court Minstrels, on Thursday evening, in the Cornwall Assembly Room, in aid of the funds of the Free and Industrial Schools, was a most pleasing one, and notwithstanding the unfavorable state of the weather, there was a large attendance, the Assembly Room and gallery being both crowded to the doors. The seven minstrels appeared in their court costumes of various colours, but all got up regard less of expense, and with a view to attaining the highest style of decoration. The stage was in excellent keeping with the company, being backed by very neat screens prepared by Mr. Panton. The whole of the arrangements were satisfactorily carried out under the management of the Honorary Agent and Treasurer of the Company, Mr. R. Sage. The pieces were all well received, and several were enthusiastically encored. The solo on the cornet, by Bones, being twice encored. "Under the Willow She's Weeping," and "Why have my loved ones gone?" were beautifully rendered by Banjo, and "Always look on the Sunny side," by Jingler was much admired and encored. "Sheep-washing day," "The Coon Hunt," and "Billy Pattison," by Tambo, and "Ginger Blue," "Angelina," and "Any other man," by Bones, were all given with such spirit and animation, as to draw down ovations of applause. The opening chorus in the third part - "Stop dat knocking," was very well and wittily rendered. Bones produced a new instrument, which he termed a Madagascar fiddle, out of which he knocked a good deal of amusement, if he failed in extracting from it much dulcet music. Mr. Sharp presided as leader at the piano-forte, and his melodious accompaniments to the sentimental songs were very delightful. It is to be hoped, now that the Amateur Court Minstrels are again in good working order, that they will not permit their abilities to lie idle. There were expenses attending this entertainment, which will not have to be again incurred; and there is no doubt but they can command a full house whenever they condescend to appear before a Launceston audience.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Sharp (pianist)

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 September 1864), 4 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 5 

CORNWALL ASSEMBLY ROOMS. Complimentary Benefit to Mr. E. Panton. The Launceston AMATEUR COURT MINSTRELS BEG to acquaint their friends and the public of Launceston, that they intend giving an entertainment in Court Costume, on TUESDAY EVENING, 19th December, as a farewell to Mr. E. Panton; on which occasion they will be assisted by Messrs. Abbott, Biggs, Davies, McIvor, and Joscelyne. Doors open at half past seven, to commence at eight. Front seats, 2s; back seats, 1s. ROBERT SAGE, Hon. Secretary. Dec. 15.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jesse Biggs (musician); Arthur McIver (musician); Samuel or Walter Josecelyn (musician)

1880, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1161877; RGD35/1/49 no 57$init=RGD35-1-49P22 (DIGITISED)

No. 57 / 6 July 1880 / Robert Sage / Male / 41 years / Timber Merchant / Debility . . .

"DEATH", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 July 1880), 2 

SAGE - On the 6th of July, at his residence, Canning street, Robert Sage, in the 41st year of his age.

"THE CORNWALL HOTEL", Daily Telegraph (25 October 1889), 3 

This hostelry in Cameron-street is a notable and historical place . . . it was here the old Court Minstrels, which included amongst its members Messrs. Geo. Orpwood, R. Sage, and Teddy Brookes, used to cause the shekels to roll in when they appeared in one of their Ethiopian entertainments . . .

"REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

. . . The first instrument used in Trinity Church was a seraphine, which was lent by Mr. Reibey. Old Mr. Howson used at one time to play and train the choir, which mainly consisted of sweet-voiced little boys. One of them, Bobby Sage (now dead), became a timber merchant, predecessor to Mr. John Ellis. During the time of Mr. Howson's leadership at Trinity I was taking music lessons from him, and one evening, passing the church, I entered and stood in the porch listening to the choir practice. Next time I waited on Mr. Howson to receive my lesson I remarked that I was very much pleased with the singing of his choir boys. He replied, "Yes, the little toads can do very well if they like, but they are sometimes carless." Poor old gentleman! He was a sound musician, but like many other men of talent was too much given to convivialities . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reibey (clergyman); Francis Howson (organist)

ST. ALBIN, Edmund (Edmund ST. ALBIN; Edmund Gustavus ST. ALBIN; Edmond; ST. ALBYN; Mr. ST. ALBIN, ST. ALBAN, ST. ALBANS)

Musician, vocalist, comic vocalist

Born Chester, Cheshire, England, 1829; baptised (1) Holy Trinity, Chester, 22 November 1829; (2) Doddleston, Cheshire, 11 August 1833; son of William Benning ST. ALBIN (c. 1796-1853) and Ellen (Eleanor) FOSTER (c. 1796-1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 13 October 1852 (per New Orleans, 2 July 1852, "clerk" age "23")
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after March 1853 (for England)
Married Emma Annie AKASS (1840-1925), St. Peter's church, Bethnal Green, 7 November 1859
Died Lambeth, Surrey, England, 1872 (1st quarter) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Edmund Gustavus St. Albin was born at Chester in 1829, a son of William Benning St. Albin (c. 1796-1853) and Ellen (or Eleanor) Foster (c. 1796-1872), who had married at St. Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, in 1817.

His father was a music and dancing master, and his mother, at the time of the 1851 census, was listed as a professor of music (as it happened, he died at Liverpool, England, on 23 March 1853, while Edmund was in Melbourne).

Edmund's elder brother, Alfred St. Albin (1826-1871, later St. Albyn), was a leading London tenor vocalist by the late 1840s onwards, notably in 1852-53 at the Great National Standard Theatre in Shoreditch.

Edmund himself, however, was in Liverpool living with his parents in 1851.

Having arrived in Melbourne in October 1852, Edmund was briefly active as a comic vocalist from January 1853, in company with several other recently arrived vocalists, including John Gregg, George Laberne, David De Courcy, and the pianist and musical director Edward Salamon.

Having disappeared from musical record in Melbourne before the end of March 1853, he may well have gone to the goldfields for a time, before returning to England. In London in 1859, he married Emma Akass. After his death in 1872, she remarried and emigrated to Queensland, and according to her 1925 obituary her first husband, Edmund had been a company member of the Royal Italian Opera Company, Covent Garden.

My thanks to Kurt Ganzl (July 2018) for sharing information on the St. Albin family


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of the Holy & Undivided Trinity in the county of the City of Chester in the year 1829; Cheshire Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 172 / Nov'r 22nd / Edmund son of / William & Ellen / St. Albin / Watergate St. Row / Music Master . . .

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS AT Liverpool. THEATRE ROYAL", The Era [London, England] (30 March 1851), 11 (PAYWALL)

. . . Mr. Barry Sullivan commences the evening's performance by delivering an excellent address. After which, Colman's admirable comedy of John Bull; or, an Englishman's Fireside, will be performed by Messrs. T. Hughes, C. Leach, F. Alexander, G Howard, J. Lewis, J. Roberts, R. Crompton, G. Meyrick, P. J. Doyle, T. W. Baker, E. St. Albin, J. Archer, F. Pooley (all amateurs), Miss M. Aitkin, Mrs. H. Wallis, and Mrs. France . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, Lancashire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 2181 (PAYWALL)

44 Mount Pleasant / William St. Albin / Head / Mar. / 55 / Dancing Master / [born] Oxfordshire Oxford
Elle [St. Albin] / Wife / Mar. / 55 / Professor of Music / [born] Surrey Clapham
Edmond [St. Albin] / Son / U. / 22 / Trade / Cheshire Chester
William / 20 // Cecilia / 11 / [both born Cheshire Chester]

Passengers by the New Orleans, from London, 13 October 1852; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

. . . S. Albin / 23 / Clerk . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5 

MR. CHARLES WILKIE'S GRAND CONCERT . . . on Friday next, October 15th . . .
Mr. Percy Williams, and Mr. St. Albans, from the London Concerts . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5 

Will take place on Friday next, October 15th, 1852, at the Mechanics' Institution,
Mrs. Testar
Mr. John Gregg }
Mr. Percy Williams } First appearance in Victoria
Mr. St. Albans
Mr. Charles Wilkie, Solo Concertinest
Mr. Buddee, Pianist
Concert to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Song - Mr. St. Albans, Normandy Maid
Cavatina - Mrs. Testar, Mi ja Tilio - Pucci [sic, ? Pucitta]
Recit and Air - Mr. John Gregg - Rage the angry storm - Benedict
Solo Concertina - Mr. Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr. Percy Williams, Thou art gone from my gaze - Linly
Ballad - Mr. John Gregg, In this old Chair - Balfe
Trio - Mrs. Testar, Mr. St Albans, and Mr. Grieg, The Magic Wove Scarf - Barnet
Ballad - Mr. Percy Williams, Then you'll remember me - Balfe
Scotoh Ballad - Mrs. Testar - My ain Countrie
Solo Concertina - Mr. Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr. John Gregg, The heart bowed down - Balfe
Song - Mr. St Albans - The Slave
Song - Mr. Charles Wilkie - The Maid of Llanwellyn - Purday
Song - Mr. Percy Williams - When time hath bereft thee - Cooke
Tickets 5s each to be obtained at the Music and Pianoforte Saloon, 15, Collins-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Wilkie (vocalist, concertina); Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist)

MUSIC: I once knew a Normandy maid (John Barnett, from Blanche of Jersey; see also later edition; perhaps The slave (Der Sclave) (by Franz Keiser)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1853), 5 

ROYAL HOTEL. MR. CHARLES WILKIE'S Melbourne Cyder Cellar, in the splendid large room of the above Hotel, open from 7 till 11 o'clock on the evenings of Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.
PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS. Mr. John Gregg; Mr. DeCourcy, (from the Lyceum); Mr. Mosely, &c, &c.
Comic - Mr. Lawson and Mr. St. Albans. Pianist - Mr. Salamon.
Admission Two Shillings. Chops, Steaks, Kidneys, &c., until Half-past Ten o'clock.
Grand Bill every Monday Evening, admission 10s 6d for a lady and gentleman. Dancing to commence at nine o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: David De Courcy (vocalist); Edward Salamon (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February, 1853), 6 

ROYAL HOTEL. CHARLES WILKIE'S Cider Cellar, open every Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday.
Mr. St. Albin will sing Joe Brown, a new comic song written expressly for him by a new chum.
Mr. Gregg, the Eminent Basso.
Mr. Moseley, the well-famed Ballad Singer, Will sing Ben Bolt.
Mr. De Courcy, the celebrated Tenor, and Mr. Dawson, the favorite Comic singer, will sing the New Chum.
Mr. Salomons, Pianist. Admission 1s. - To commence at Eight.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1853), 1 

Manchester Hotel, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre, removed from the Royal Exchange, Collins-street.
OPEN EVERY EVENING . . . Messrs. Goore & Bellamy beg to inform their numerous friends and the public generally, that in addition to the eminent Basso, Mr. John Gregg, they have engaged the celebrated Mr. St. Albin, alias "Joe Brown," who will appear every evening in future on and after Thursday next.
Mr. John Gregg will take his BENEFIT at the Coal Hole, on MONDAY, 7th March . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 March 1853), 1 

PUBLIC NOTICE. MR. JOHN GREGG, Mr. St Albin, Mr. Cumming, Mr. Laberne, Mr. Moran, and Mr. Hamilton, sing their popular songs every evening at the Melbourne Coal Hole, Manchester Inn, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre, at Eight o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Laberne (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 March 1853), 12 

. . . MESSRS. GREGG and St. ALBIN, late of the Cider Cellars, are nightly at the Melbourne Coal Hole.
THREE new Local Comic Songs will be sung nightly at the Coal Hole, entitled "The Botanical Gardens," "The Jolly Gold Digger," "Canvas Town" . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12 

MESSRS. GREGG and ST. ALBIN are nightly at the Coal Hole, Manchester Inn, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre . . .
COME and hear Mr. St. Albin's new local comic songs, "Fetch a Rushlight," "Botanical Gardens," and "The Melbourne Post Office," at the Coal Hole, opposite the Theatre. Admission, one shilling.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 1 

THE MELBOURNE COAL HOLE. Manchester Hotel, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre, open every evening at 8 o'clock, for public singing and glees. Admission, 1s.
THE COAL HOLE. - Principal Singers: Messrs. Gregg, St. Albin, Cumming, Laberne, Hamilton, Goore, Moran, and Reid.
Cornet a Piston, Mr. Bloor; Pianists, Hamilton & Waller . . .
OWING to the immense success of the four new local songs sung nightly at the Coal Hole, they will be continued every evening until further notice.
MELBOURNE COAL HOLE. - Mr. Cumming the favorite Ballad Singer, late of the Surrey Theatre, sings nightly at the above place.
"FETCH A RUSHLIGHT" - is a Parody on "Man the Life Boat" and is sung by Mr. St. Albin.
COAL HOLE. - Owing to the most enthusiastic manner, in which "Fetch a Rushlight" has been received, it will be continued every evening until further notice. MR. LABERNE, the highly popular Comic Singer, will sing nightly his new local songs, "Emigration to Australia" &c.
YOU'VE heard of the Coal Hole,
At home in the Strand;
But we have one too.
In this distant land:
So come Jolly Fellows
Each Concert to hear.
The admission's a shilling!
You can't call it dear!!
MELBOURNE COAL HOLE.- This place of amusement is open nightly for comic and sentimental singing, with glees . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nothing is known for sure about the Coal Hole proprietors Goore and Bellamy; the venue was evidently shut down sometime late in March, and a Goore, aged 31, and W. Comming, aged 22 (perhaps the vocalist Cummings) were among the outward passengers for London on the ship Emigrant in April 1853; on the closure, see:

"ENTERTAINEMENTS AT PUBLIC HOUSES", The Argus (26 March 1853), 5 

On Thursday, at the Police Court . . . the Mayor said, that he had observed a paragraph in the Argus respecting the proceedings carried on at "Coal Holes" and similar places. Although he did not usually notice paragraphs in newspapers, yet in this instance he was bound to say that, from his own official knowledge, the most disgraceful scenes were enacted at these places . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (26 February 1855), 6 

GENERAL POST OFFICE, MELBOURNE. List of Unclaimed Letters for the week ending 23rd February, 1855. No. 7 . . . 2105 St. Albin, Edmund, Melbourne . . .

1859, marriage solemnized at St. Peter's church in the parish of Bethnal Green in the county of Middlesex; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 73 / 7th November 1859 / Edmond Gustavus St. Albin / full [age] / Bachelor / Professional Singer / 29 Durham Street Hackney Road / [father] William Benning St. Albin (deceased) / Professor of Dancing
Emma Ann Akass / Minor / Spinster / - / 29 Durham Street Hackney Road / [father] / Walter Benjamin Akass / Coach Trimmer . . .

England census, 1861, Chelsea South, Middlesex; UK National Archives, RG 9 / 31 (PAYWALL)

[22 Caversham Terrace] / Edmund G. St. Albyn / Head / Mar. / 31 / Professor of Music and Singing / [Born] Cheshire Chester
Emma Anne [St. Albyn] / Wife / [Mar.] / 21 / Wife of [Professor of Music and Singing] / [born] Midd'x Clerkenwell
Edmund G [St. Albyn] / Son / 1 month / - / [born] [Middlesex] Chelsea

Vitruvian Lodge, no. 103; Register of Admissions: London 'A', GSL-108, 200; England, United Grand Lodge of England Freemason Membership Registers, 1751-1921

1866, Feb. 14 / St Albyn / Edmund Gustavus / Walnut Tree Walk / Vocalist

"Bankrupts", Law Times, the Journal and Record of the Law and Lawyers (30 November 1867), 89 

ST. ALBYN, EDMOND GUSTAVUS, tobacconist, Lower Kennington-la. Pet. Nov. 19 . . .

Register of baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Mark's, Kennington . . . in the year [1870], register 1849-80 (PAYWALL)

[18]70 Nov. 13 / Edmund Gustavus / Edmund Gustavus & Emma Annie / St. Albyn / 28 Clayton Street / Traveller . . .

England census, 1871, Lambeth; UK National Archives, RG 10 / 657 (PAYWALL)

70 Lambeth Walk / Edmund St. Albyn / Head / Mar. / 41 / Tobacconist & Traveller & [illegible ? opera . . .] / [born] Chester
Emma [St. Albyn] / Wife / [Mar.] / 31 / - / Midd'x Clerkenwell // Edmund / Son / 10 / - / [born] [Middlesex] Chelsea

"OBITUARY", The Western Champion [Barcaldine, QLD] (18 July 1925), 17 

The death of Mrs. Emma Annie Barnes at the residence of her eldest daughter, Mrs. J. Soley, last Tuesday morning severs another link in the chain of our old residents. The late Mrs. Barnes was born at Highgate Hill, London, on 29th April, 1840, and was therefore 85 years of age at the time of her death. The late Mrs. Barnes was well connected in England, and was a highly intellectual lady. She was twice married, her first marriage being with Mr. E. G. St. Albin when she was 17 years of age. St. Albin was principal tenor of the Royal Italian Opera Company. From the marriage one son was the issue. This son, in later years, developed his father's beautiful voice, and we have been shown proofs that he sang before Royalty at Windsor Castle. The son is still alive in America, but the Barnes family can not trace him. For fourteen years the late Mrs. Barnes toured with her husband. The second marriage to the present Mr. Barnes, who is still going strong in his 84th year, was solemnised in St. Peter's Church, Hackney Road. London, in 1874 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: The son, also Edmund Gustavus St. Albin (b. 1861), was for a while an actor

ST. CLAIR, Mrs. (Mrs. CARNEGIE; alias Mrs. ST. CLAIR)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney and Bathurst, NSW, 1853-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MALCOM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (3 December 1853), 6 

On Monday evening last, Mrs. St. Clair made her first appearance in this place as Therese, or the Orphan of Geneva, a translation from the German by John Howard Payne. The different characters in the piece were very creditably sustained. Mrs. St. Clair evidently evinced a want of confidence - we do not say in her abilities as an actress - but very probably in consequence of this being her first professional appearance. She had no doubt mistaken the compass of voice required for the house. This is a drawback at the outset to every new actress or actor engaged. In her appearance on Thursday evening, there was a decided improvement in her manner and address. Mrs. St. Clair, who has evidently received a liberal education, appears to have all the good qualities of an actress, and will no doubt prove a valuable acquisition . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Malcom's Amphitheatre (Sydney venue); John Malcom (proprietor)

"THEATRICALS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (18 February 1854), 2 

From whatever cause it is tolerably evident that the taste for the drama in Bathurst is as nearly zero as possible, that is, supposing it to have any existence at all . . . But leaving this branch of the subject we proceed with the more congenial one of criticising the performances of the bye-gone week, including Saturday evening's, when Mr. Belfield delighted a respectable, and we should suppose a paying house with an exquisite piece of acting . . . Longer acquaintance on the stage has convinced us that Mrs. St. Clair's style of performance wants animation. Her singing also is much too soft and fine for general ears. A little more vivacity infused into her action and language would effect an astonishing improvement, and we would recommend her to make the necessary effort . . .

"THEATRICAL INTELLIGENCE EXTRAORDINARY", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (1 April 1854), 2 

On Tuesday last, in consequence of a popular rumour that a new farce was about to be enacted, or rather perpetrated on the truly legitimate boards of the Bathurst Court House, we wended our way thither at an early hour in order to secure admission . . . the following matter was elicited. It appeared that in the month of December, 1853, a lady 'yclept Mrs. Carnegie, was engaged by a Mr. Belfield, to perform at the Royal Victoria Theatre, Bathurst as leading actress. At this little Temple of the Muses the lady did appear, under the elegant sobriquet of Mrs. St. Clair, and continued to perform for some weeks. It occurred during her engagement that the lady was cast for, and afterwards played, a part for which she had no particular relish, and that subsequently, on one occasion when her "blood was up," she refused to enact the said part any longer, and was consequently cashiered by the said Mr. Belfield. Notwithstanding this she considered she had full Right to a Benefit at the close of the season, after being absent from the establishment for some weeks. This was the matter in dispute. A piece of paper much "stained and frayed," was handed to the bench by Mrs. St. Clair's husband, Mr. Carnegie, purporting to be the agreement between the said parties, and in which it appeared the lady was engaged as leading actress, it afterwards transpired in evidence, that the part assigned her was a leading part, and that she refused this part, after playing it previously; but in the face of all these facts, Mr. Carnegie conceived she had a claim to benefit. The Police Magistrate was about to close the case in favour of the defendants, when plaintiff bobbed from his seat . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Belfield (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1854), 1 

ROYAL ALBERT THEATRE, (late Olympic Circus, Castlereagh-street). -
The evening's entertainments will commence with the drama entitled THE JEWESS; or, THE DREAM OF FATE.
David Stolburg, Mr. Hammond; Reuben Clissold, Mr. Maynard; Noah Trinkalles, Mr. Percy;
Stephen Cardinham, Mr. Bruton; Zodiah, Mr. Jones;
Sarah, the Jewess, Mrs. St. Clair; Rebecca, Miss Beresford.
Song, Miss Villiers. Comic Duet, Mrs. St. Clair and Mr. Percy.
After which the interlude of the LAST CHANCE . . .
Song, Mrs. St. Clair. Pas Seul Comique, Mr. Hall.
To conclude with the farce of the WIDOW'S VICTIM.
J. W. BRUTON, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: J. W. Bruton (actor, manager)

ST. CLAIR, Emma (Emma WILLOUGHBY; ? Mrs. ST. CLAIR; alias Miss Emma ST. CLAIR; Mrs. Henry Marshall CROFT)

Actor, vocalist

Born c. 1831
? Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1853
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Married Henry Marshall CROFT, Queenstown, NZ, December 1863
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 7 April 1899, aged "57" [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"BOXING DAY. PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (27 December 1854), 4 

The leading feature in the Christmas novelties at the Victoria Theatre, corner of Lonsdale and Stephen streets, consisted of a new piece, entitled "An Argus Extraordinary; or the latest from Ballarat," being a comical, allegorical, farcical impossibility, in several unlawful acts, by F. M. Soutten, Esq., author of the "Sporting Gent," &c. The piece opens with an introduction in the style of an allegory, representing Britannia holding a consultation on the political state of England and the nations with whom she is at war, the characters taking part in the conversazione, being Columbia, her eldest, and Australia, her youngest child. On the curtain rising, Britannia (Miss St. Clair,) "an old lady who has so many children that she don't know what to do," is standing with her trident in her hand and her shield before her. The scene is laid "High, sky high," as the play-bill tells us, or, to be intelligible, in the clouds. After a short soliloquy, she summons Columbia (Miss Warde), "a smart child, with independent notions," who appears dressed in Bloomer costume . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Morris Soutten (dramatist); Kate Warde (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (2 March 1855), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL, CASTLEMAINE, Barker-street, near the Criterion Hotel . . .
Proprietor, Mr. Henry Adams. Under the management of Mr. Charles Walsh.
MR. ADAMS has the honor to inform the residents of Castlemaine, and its vicinity, that during the recess he has engaged the services of
MISS HERBERT, of the London Theatre.
MR. E. W. SHEARCROFT, of Geelong & Melbourne.
MR. GIBSON, the Irish comedian.
MR. RAMSAY, of the Surrey and Brighton Theatres who will, in conjunction with
Mr. BRINDLEY, Mr. WALSH, Mr. Dale, Mr. John Gregg, Mr. Murray, Mr. Towns, Mrs. Dale,
Miss St. Clair, and Mrs Gill, appear
THIS EVENING, FRIDAY, MARCH 2nd, In Shakspeare's Tragedy, in 5 Acts,
MACBETH, Which will be performed with all the original Music "by Locke," assisted by a powerful chorus . . .
1st witch, Mrs. Dale - 2nd witch, Miss St. Clair - 3rd witch, Mrs Gill . . . Hecate - Mr. John Gregg . . .
The Music arranged by Mr. James Schott . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Walsh (actor, manager); Elinor Dale (vocalist, actor); John Gregg (vocalist); James Arthur Schott (musician)

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (correctly by Richard Leveridge)

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (13 June 1855), 5 

The comedietta of the "Wonderful Woman" was presented on Monday evening as the first piece, and the extravaganza of Midas followed . . . The gay and yet chaste tenue . . . of Miss St. Clair in the part of Cecile was as welcome, inasmuch as it was so admirably in keeping with the spirit of the piece, as it was beautiful, because essentially picturesque. But an union of merit has all the greater claim upon our praise, and when we say that the conception and execution of the part were as excellent as the costume, we do no more than mete out fair justice to most deserving merit. We prophesy a brilliant career to this young lady, and we have reason to know that most persevering industry is joined to naturally good ability, and our foresight becomes therefore all the more a certainty . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (17 April 1856), 3 

. . . As another proof of the strong desire of the management to cater for the public taste, we may also mention that Miss St. Clair, a sparkling actress, has arrived, and will probably make her debut on Monday night . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

Passenger list, per City of Hobart, from Hobart, 24 July 1856, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Cabin Pass. . . . Mr. Warner / 26 // Mrs. Warner / 19 // Mrs. Poole / 28 . . .
Miss St. Clair / [? married] 25 [sic] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Neil Warner (actor) and wife; Amelia Poole (actor)

"THE OPERA", The Age (15 May 1857), 4 

"Norma" was re-produced at the Princess's yesterday evening to a large and fashionable audience, when this sublime work was rendered by principals, chorus, and orchestra, in a manner far surpassing any former effort. Madame Bishop sang with unwonted brilliancy and seemed to have determined to signalise herself in the evening's Norma. The applause was frequent and enthusiastic, and she and Madame Flower were compelled to submit to no lees than two encores of the "Deh Conte." From first to last, in deed - from the "Casta Diva" to the magnificent closing scene with Pollio, she achieved an unvarying triumph. The Pollio of M. Laglaise was an artistic impersonation, affording most efficient support to the other principals. M. Laglaise has greatly improved since he was last in Melbourne, both in voice and action. Mr. Farquharson's Oroveso was the majestic old Druid to a nicety. On this occasion Cotilda found a very pleasing representative in the person of Miss Emma St. Clair. This evening, "Lucrezia Borgia" will be given for the last time, and Meyerbeer's "Robert le Diable" on Saturday.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Sara Flower (vocalist); Jean-Baptiste Laglaise (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (vocalist); Princess Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (25 April 1860), 2 

We have learnt with much gratification that it has been decided by several energetic members of the Church of England to make an effort towards the completion of the School House erected by the Denomination some time since upon our Square, and which, for lack of funds, has remained unfinished. We believe that we are correct in stating that the idea of raising funds for this purpose by means of a Concert of Sacred Music was suggested some weeks ago to Mr. Black, who at once warmly entered into the project, and offered his very valuable assistance in carrying it out. A Committee was immediately formed, and on the arrival of Madame Sara Flower and Mrs. Bridson on Friday last, a deputation waited on those ladies, who instantly, and in the kindest manner, - even before their own arrangements were made for the entertainments which they are about to give in this town - placed their magnificent powers at the disposal of the Committee. Their generous example has also been imitated by Miss Emma St. Clair, who is still prolonging her stay in Bathurst. The date of the Concert is fixed for Wednesday, the 9th of May, and the use of the Court House had been kindly granted for the purpose by the Police Magistrate . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Reddie Black (vocalist); Sarah Bridson (vocalist); see also [Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (9 May 1860), 1 

"To the Editor of the . . .", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (6 June 1860), 2 

DEAR SIR, - We, the undersigned who were engaged by Mr. Charles Miran at the Bathurst Lyceum Theatre, beg to express our gratification at the manner in which you have exposed the unprofessional and disgraceful conduct of the above named individual. We have noticed his contradiction of the facts in the Empire, and in justice to you and to ourselves, we do hereby declare that your charges against Mr. Miran were strictly true, but much too lenient for his deserts. It is true that we were engaged on shares according to the salaries we were in the habit of receiving, (the expenses for lighting and printing first to be paid), but it is also true that during the whole of the time the Theatre was open he pocketed the receipts, and forgot to pay for lighting the Theatre; leaving a poor boy, (who took upon himself to let Mr. Miran have the candles night after night without being paid for) answerable to his master for the amount. Mr. Miran says that he did not "bolt," and that most of his company gave him a benefit for the purpose of enabling him to leave Bathurst for Sydney: This statement, like most others of Mr. Miran's, is utterly false. Those who played for Mr. Miran's benefit, did it with the express understanding that he should do the same for each of them. It was at his own request and suggestion, and those ladies and gentlemen who played for him on the night of his benefit had not the slightest notion that he was going to leave Bathurst, as they knew he was under an engagement with Mr. Sam Howard, from whom he had received money, and who was "diddled" by this precious individual like the rest of us.
We remain, dear Sir,
Your obedient servants,
Bathurst, May 5th, 1860.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Miran (actor, manager); Sam Howard (actor, manager); Barned Jullian Coleman (actor); Marian and Theodore Wilkinson (actor and pianist); Adolphe Grebet (musician); Frank Short (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (20 June 1860), 3 

Victoria Theatre, DRUHAM STREET.
ON which occasion there will be a most attractive Programme.
Comic Song - FRANK SHORT.
To conclude with the Musical Afterpiece, entitled THE LOAN OF A LOVER! . . .
Ernestine - Mrs. Wilkinson.
Gertrude (with songs) Miss Emma St. Clair . . .

"MARRIED", Lake Wakatip Mail [Queenstown, NZ] (23 December 1863), 4 

At Queenstown, at the private residence of the bridegroom, by the Rev. Isaac Harding, H. Marshall Croft, late surgeon in H.M. Indian Army, to Miss Emma St. Clair.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1899), 1 

CROFT. - April 7, 1899, at the Sacred Heart Hospice, Victoria-street, Darlinghurst, Emma Croft, widow of the late Dr. Henry Marshall Croft, aged 57 years. Interred at Waverley.

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (29 November 1911), 2 

In answer to my request, Mr. Dave Clinton, now enjoying the evening of life in Adelaide, sends me his recollections of the theatre in Dunedin, exactly half a century ago: -
"Dear Hayseed, - I can only give you a little Information about the Princesses Theatre, Dunedin, New Zealand. The company playing there opened sometime prior to the arrival of Mr. Clarance Holt, in July, 1862. The company at the Princesses comprised Miss Emma St. Clair, who, fifteen months later, was married at Queenstown, Lake Wakatipu, to Dr. Croft; Miss Kate Grant; Miss Eloise Royal [sic], daughter of Creed Royal, the flautist; Miss Ada Hart; Madame Carandini, who produced "Jessie Brown, or the Relief of Lucknow," supported by the ladies named, and the following gentlemen: - Tom and Sandford Fawcett, John Dunn, Frank Towers, James A. South, Tom Barry, Joe Woolf (who seceded to join Clarence Holt's company at the Theatre Royal), and Teddy Heygarth . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); Clarance Holt (actor); Lizzie Royal (vocalist, actor); Ada Hart (dancer, vocalist, actor); Maria Carandini (vocalist, actor, manager); Joseph Melville Wolfe (actor, manager)

"The Woman's World . . . MEMENTO OF OTHER DAYS. Theatre Programme Seventy Years Old", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (19 May 1928), 14 

The revival of Bellini's opera "Norma," at the Princess Theatre this week by the Fuller-Gonsalez Italian Opera Company has brought to light a souvenir programme of the opera, which was given at the Charlie Napier Theatre, Ballarat, on June 29, 1858 . . . The role of Norma was sung by Miss Julia Harland, and other principals included Mr. John Gregg, Mr. Walter Sherwin, Mr. Musgrave, Mrs. Hancock and Miss Emma St. Clair. It is interesting to compare the prices with those of the present day. Dress circle seats could be reserved for 3/-, boxes were 2/6, and pit 1/-.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalist); Mr. Musgrave (vocalist); English Opera Company (troupe); Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)


Comic vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1835 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 June 1835), 3 

AFTER WHICH, "The Gipsies Wild Chaunt" by MRS. CLARKE.
Glee - "The Red Cross Knight."
Comic Song - "Bill Bounce" by MR. ST. GEORGE, his first Appearance on this Stage.
Solo - Violin, by MR. LEFFLER . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Remens Clarke (vocalist); Edmund Leffler (violinist)

MUSIC: Bill Bounce (popular comic song, written by J. Bruton; tune - The Irish washerwoman)

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (10 July 1835), 1 

Theatre, Argyle Rooms. THIS EVENING, JULY 10 . . .
Hornpipe, by MR. ST. GEORGE.
Song - "To win the Love of Thee," by Mrs. CLARKE.
The whole to conclude with the Opera of ROSINA.
Rosina - MRS. CLARKE.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (17 July 1835), 3

Theatre, Argyle Rooms . . .THIS EVENING, Friday, June [sic, July] 17, 1835 . . .
A Comic Song, by MR. ST. GEORGE . . .

SALAMON, Edward (Edward SOLOMON; most often Edward SALAMON; often Edward SALAMAN; SALOMAN; SALAMANS; SALOMONS)

Musician, pianist, conductor, professor of music and singing, composer

Born London, England, c. 1818 / 1820; son of Samuel SOLOMON (c. 1797-1873) and Esther LYONS (c. 1795-1839)
Married Annie LEWIS, England, by 1851
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852
Died Sandhurst, VIC, 19 September 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SALAMON, Annie (Annie Marion LEWIS; Miss Annie LEWIS; Miss LEWIS; Mrs. Edward SALAMON; Mrs. Morris SAMUEL)

Born c. 1831; daughter of Lewis LEWIS (1783-1889), and Louisa BARNETT (1801-1884)
Married Edward SOLOMON [SALAMON], England, by 1851
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852
Married (2) Morris SAMUEL (c. 1831-1902), Bendigo, VIC, 1877
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 18 October 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SALAMON, Selina (Mrs. Selina SALAMON, R.A.M.)

Musician, teacher of the pianoforte and singing

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1877; Sydney, NSW, 1878 (shareable link to this entry)


Edward was a son of Samuel Solomon [sic] (c. 1797-1873) and Esther Lyons (c. 1795-1839). In the 1851 census, where he appears as "Edward Solomon . . . Teacher of Music", of Howard Street, in the London parish of St. Clement Danes, he gave his age as 30, therefore born c. 1820, although his 1876 death record, as "Edward Salamon", gives his age as 58, therefore c. 1818.

According to a posthumous report (1881), he was the twin brother of Charles Solomon (d. 1890) - whose birth is likewise variously reported as c. 1818-20 - and therefore uncle of the composer Edward Solomon (1855-1895), the subject of the report in question.

There is little or no easily accessible documentary evidence of the London activities of either of the twins, though 19th-century biographies of his well-known son note Charles's association, probably during the 1850s and 60s, with the Winchester Music Hall in Southwark, and the Middlesex Music Hall.

Perhaps because of the public prominence of another English pianist and composer, Charles Salaman (1814-1901), Edward's name was, likewise, frequently spelt "Salaman" in advertisements and newspaper reports in Australia and New Zealand, though inconsistently, and on balance less often than "Salamon".

It is possible that Edward himself preferred one or other spelling at different times. His widow Annie finally opted for the spelling "Salamon", however, giving it for Edwards' death record, and for the posthumous editions of his musical works published by her brother Frederick Baruch Lewis (d. 1912). Here, therefore, her spelling "Salamon" is preferred.

It was, anyway, as "Mr. Salamon", "from the London concerts", that Edward first appeared in Melbourne, in December 1852, along with Annie, appearing under her maiden name as Miss Annie Lewis, and several other recently arrived Londoners, including John Gregg, Charles Wilkie, and Charles Thatcher. Next, from January through to early May, Edward was pianist and musical director at Charles Wilkie's Cider Cellars, at the Royal Hotel, before presenting two of his own concerts later that month in partnership with vocalist David De Courcy.

He toured to Launceston and Hobart as pianist with John Winterbottom in November.

As eye-witness Alfred Montague remembered (writing in 1925), for one of Winterbottom's concerts in January 1854, Salamon arranged the overtures of Zampa and Der Freischutz for 6 pianos.

By September 1854, he and Annie were in Bendigo, where they settled, and where his The Hotham galop, "A new galop . . . composed by Mr. Salaman, of Sandhurst, was played before His Excellency and lady on the occasion of their visit to the Exhibition". He continued touring and was back in Hobart, playing piano for Emily and William Don and Frederick Coppin at the Theatre Royal in February 1862, before taking over as the musical director there for the winter season.

There is a letter to the press from Salaman concerning his very popular trio Sweet is the breath of morning (programmed at one of Winterbottom's Melbourne concerts as early as 1854) while he was in Dunedin, New Zealand, in November 1862, sung again while he was still in New Zealand in March 1863 touring with Maria Carandini, Walter Sherwin, and Richard Kohler. The Howsons gave "Salaman's brilliant Trio" again in Ballarat in October 1863. The trio and six solo songs were published posthumously in 1883 (a copy of the trio survives at University of Melbourne:

A year after Edward's death, Annie married Morris Samuel. After his death, too, a Mrs. Selina Salamon began advertising as a teacher of music from their former address in Bendigo, and then also briefly in Sydney in 1878; was she a sister-in-law?

DISAMBIGUATION: Edward Salamon (d. 1860), an auctioneer, active in Tasmania, Victoria, and NSW, who also occasionally advertised musical instruments for sale, see:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1855), 3


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Clement Danes, Middlesex; UK National Archives, NO 107 / 1512 (PAYWALL)

6 Howard Street / Edward Solomon / Head / Mar. / 30 / Teacher of Music / [born] Midd'x London
Annie [Solomon] / Wife / Mar. / 20 / - / [born] Chatham Kent

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1852), 1 

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

MESSRS. DE GREY, C. WILKIE, AND GREGG, Beg to announce that their second
CONCERT WILL take place THIS EVENING, at the above room, when the cast of the evening will consist of the following performers:
VOCALISTS - Miss Lewis, (From Her Majesty's Theatre, she has had the honor of singing before Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and Royal Family)
Signor Georgi, (From the Opera House, Paris,)
Mr. Moseley, (From the London Concerts) and Mr. John Gregg.
INSTRUMENTALISTS: Mr. Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts)
Mr. Thatcher, Flautist, do, do.
Mr. Charles Wilkie, Concertinist.
Mr. De Grey, Cornet-a-Piston . . .
Trio - "Hark! 'tis the Indian Drum," Miss Lewis, Signor Georgi, and Mr. Gregg - Bishop
Ballad - "Norah McShane," Mr. Mosely - Glover.
Song - "By the sad sea waves" Miss Lewis - Benedict
Song - "The happy days of Yore," Mr. Gregg
Serenade - Signor Georgi - Schubert
Solo Concertina - Come innocente Giovane," (from Anna Bolena) Mr. Charles Wilkie - Donizetti
Song - "Constance," Miss Lewis - Linley
Laughing Trio - "Why sure they never met"
Duett - "La ci Darem," Miss Lewis and Mr. Gregg - Mozart
Ballad - "Thou art gone from my gaze," Signor Georgi, Mr. Moseley.
Solo, Flute -"Cavatina," Mr. Thatcher
Song - "Simon the Cellarer," Mr. Gregg - Hatton
Solo - Pianoforte - "Reverie" - Mr. Salamon - Rossellini
Ballad - "The Grecian Daughter," Miss Lewis - Knight
Finale-" God save the Queen" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Wilkie (musician, promoter); John Gregg (vocalist); Charles Thatcher (flautist); Henry de Grey (cornet)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1853), 8 

OPEN from seven till eleven on the evenings of Wednesday 5th, Friday 7th, and Saturday 8th, this week.
Principal Performers: Mr. John Gregg. M. de Courcy, from the Lyceum Theatre (his first appearance,)
Mr. Ellis, Comic. Mr. Johnson, from the London Concerts.
Pianist, M. Salamon. Music to commence at eight every evening . . .


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1853), 8 

OPEN from seven till eleven on the evenings of Wednesday 5th, Friday 7th, and Saturday 8th, this week.
Principal Performers: Mr. John Gregg. M. de Courcy, from the Lyceum Theatre (his first appearance,)
Mr. Ellis, Comic. Mr. Johnson, from the London Concerts.
Pianist, M. Salamon. Music to commence at eight every evening . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: David De Courcy (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1853), 3 

MR. E. SALAMON, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing, continues to give lessons in the above accomplishments. Apply 167, Great Lonsdale-street, east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1853), 6 

ROYAL HOTEL. CHARLES WILKIE'S Cider Cellar, open every Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday.
Mr. St. Albin will sing Joe Brown, a new comic song written expressly for him by a new chum.
Mr. Gregg, the Eminent Basso.
Mr. Moseley, the well-famed Ballad Singer, Will sing Ben Bolt.
Mr. De Courcy, the celebrated Tenor, and Mr. Dawson, the favorite Comic singer, will sing the New Chum.
Mr. Salomons, Pianist. Admission 1s. - To commence at Eight.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edmund St. Albin (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1853), 3 

Mr. W. F. Sayer, Mr. Gregg, and Miss Lewis, of the Royal Italian Opera, who will make her first appearance on Tuesday next . . .
CONDUCTOR: J. Winterbottom . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (musician, conductor, promoter); William Francis Sayer (musician, vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 5

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT. Circus, top of Bourke-street, east.
MR. JAMES ELLIS late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., of London, and promoter of these popular Concerts in Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr. Winterbottom, has the honor to announce to his numerous friends and patrons, that his
BENEFIT is fixed as above, on which occasion will be given a
GRAND MONSTER CONCERT, Supported by nearly One Hundred Performers . . .
Principal Vocalists - Mrs. Harriet Fiddes, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Lewis,
Mr. Gregg, Mr. C. Walsh, Mr. Hancock . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (promoter); Harriet Fiddes (vocalist); Edward and Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalists); Charles Walsh (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1853), 12 

Grand Promenade Concert, on SATURDAY, EVENING, 23rd APRIL.
MR. J. HORE begs to announce that on the above evening he will have the honor to give Another Grand Promenade Concert, on which occasion the Grand Exhibition Quadrille, or March of all Nations, will be performed by a most complete and efficient orchestra, combining The splendid Band of the 40th Regiment, And all the available talent of Melbourne.
Principal Vocalists: Mr. and Mrs. Hancock, Miss Lewis, and Mr. Dawson . . .
Programme: PART I . . . Song - Let us Live Happy - Miss Lewis - Donizetti . . .
PART II . . . Song - Women, Rule you still [Woman rules you still] - Miss Lewis - Loder . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Hore (musician, promoter)

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1853), 12 

CHARLES WILKIE'S CIDER CELLARS. Great Novelty for this Night!
MR. J. E. JONES, (late of her Majesty's Theatre,) begs to infirm his friends and the public, that his Benefit Concert will take place This Day, Monday, May 2nd, on which occasion one of the best Entertainments ever announced in Melbourne will be given.
The following artiites will appear: - Mr. Cumming (tenor), Mr. Walsh, (tenor), Mr. Moseley, (tenor).
Mr. De Courcy, (tenor). Mr. Gregg, (basso), Mr. Laberne, (comic) Mr. Dawson, (comic).
Instrumental Mr. Moore, violin, (by the kind permission of Mr. Hydes.) Mr. Wilkie, concertina.
Mr. Salomon, pianist and musical director.
Mr. Gregg, basso - Madoline; Man the Life Boat. Mr. Cumming, tenor - In this Old Chair; The Low Back'd Car. Mr. Walsh, tenor - Tubal Cain; Will Watch; The Admiral; comic - Sunny Days we live in
Mr. Moseley, tenor - Ben Bolt; Look always on the Sunny Side; Katty Avourneen; Norah McShane.
Mr. De Courcy, tenor - The Slave; Woman's Love; or The Spell; Maids of Merry England; Land ho!
Mr. Laberne, comic - New Colonial Song, Advice Gratis; The Gold Digger
Mr. Dawson, comic - New Colonial Song, All There!; New Colonial Song, That Beats me!
And other favorites.
SOLO, concertina - Mr. Wilkie.
SOLO, violin - Mr. Moore.
A selection will will be made from the following Glees and Rounds:
When the Wind Blows; Lo! Morn is breaking; The Laughing Trio; The Red Cross Knight; Hark! 'tis the Indian Drum; Turn on, Old Time; Mynheer Van Dunck; Cigars and Cognac.
In addition to the above, will be sung the celebrated [REDACTED] Melodies - Rosa May; Stop dat Knocking, and Mary Blane; arranged by [sic, for] five voices, by E. Salomans.
Admission, two Shillings . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Moore (violinist), by permission of John Proctor Hydes (actor, vocalist, promoter); George Laberne (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1853), 12

TEMPERANCE HALL, Russell-street, (A few doors from Great Bourke-street,)
MESSRS. DE COURCY & SALOMON beg respectfully to inform their Friends and the Public that their
FIRST CHAMBER CONCERT Will take place at the above Hall, on Saturday, May 14th.
The following Artists will appear: Miss Lewis; Mr. De Courcy, from the Theatre Royal, Lyceum;
Mr. Mosely, the admired Ballad Singer; and Mr. Lavique, Basso.
Pianist and Musical Conductor - Mr. Edward Salomon.
PROGRAMME: First Part.
Solo and Chorus - The Gipsy's Tent - Miss Lewis, Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - T. Cooke
Ballad - Norah McShane - Mr. Mosely - Crouch
Song (Serio Comic) - Johnny Sands - Mr. De Courcy - John Parry
Air - Let us be happy - Miss Lewis - Donizetti
Solo - Instrumental.
Trio - The Wreath, Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - Mazinghi
Song - Farewell to the Mountain - M. Lavique - Barnet
An Interval of Ten Minutes.
Second Part.
Song - The Maids of Merry England - Mr. De Courcy - Perren
Song - Lost! Stolen! or Strayed - Miss Lewis - Tully
Trio - The Indian Drum, Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, and Mr. Mosely - Bishop
Song (Serio Comic) - Katty Avourneen - Mr. Mosely - Crouch
Duet - The Master and Scholar - Miss Lewis and Mr. De Courcy - Barnet
Song - Madoline - Mr. Lavique - Nelson.
Finale - Laughing Trio. Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - Martini
Tickets 2s. 6d.; Reserved Seats 4s. . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1853), 12 

TEMPERANCE HALL. Russell-street, A few doors from Great Bourke-street.
MESSRS. DE COURCY and SALOMON beg to inform their friends and the public, that their Second Chamber Concert will take place at the above Hall on Wednesday next, May 18th, 1853.
The following artistes will appear: Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely, and Mr. Lavique.
Pianist and Musical Director - Mr. Salomon.
Tickets 2s.; Reserved Seats 3s. To be had at Mr. Joseph Wilkie's, Music Saloon, and at Mr. J. Hetherington's, Stationer, No. 5 A, Collins-street, east.
Programme: PART I.
Overture - Bohemian Girl - Balfe.
Chorus - The Gipsy's Tent, - Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely and Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Ballad - Look always on the Sunny Side - Mr. Mosely - Hime.
Song, serio comic - Johnny Sands - Mr. De Courcy - John Parry.
Air - Constance - Miss Lewis - Lindley.
Trio - The Wreath - Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely and Mr. Lavique.
Song - Farewell to the Mountain - Mr. Lavique - Barnet.
Song - Woman Rules you Still - Miss Lewis - Loder.
Song - Ben Bolt - Mr. Mosely - Christy.
Duet - Master and Scholar - Miss Lewis and Mr. De Courcy - Barnet.
An interval of ten minutes.
Song - The Slave - Mr. De Courcy - Glover.
Trio - The Indian Drum - Miss Lewis, Mr. Mosely, and Mr. De Courcy.
Song - Madoline - Mr. Lavique - Nelson.
Song - Lost! Stolen! or Strayed! - Miss Lewis - Tully.
Song - Land ho! - Mr. De Courcy - Russell.
Song, serio comic - Katty Avourneen - Mr. Mosely - Crouch.
Air - Let us be Happy - Miss Lewis - Donizetti.
Song - The Heart Bowed Down - Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Finale - The Laughing Trio - Mr. Mosely, Mr. De Courcy and Mr. Lavique - Martini . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 May 1853), 8 

MESSRS. SALAMON & DECOURCY beg to inform their friends and the public that their third Chamber Concert will take place at the above Hall on Saturday evening May 21st, when the following artistes will appear:
Miss Lewis, Mr. DeCourcy, from the Lyceum Theatre, Mr. Moseley, and Mr. Lavique;
pianist and musical director, Mr. Edward Salamon.
Tickets, 2s. each ; reserved do., 3s.; to be had of J. Hetherington, Stationer, No. 5a, Collins street, east.
Introduction - Pianoforte, E. Salamon.
The Gipsey's Tent, by the Company - Cooke.
Ballad - We yet may meet again, Mr. Moseley - Hind [sic, Hime].
Song (serio comic) - Johnny Sands, Mr. DeCourcy - J. Parry.
Air - The Grecian Daughter, Miss Lewis - Knight.
Trio - The Wreath, Messrs. DeCourcy, Moseley, and Lavique - Mazzinghi.
Song - Little Fools and Great Ones, Mr. Lavique - Russel.
Song - Woman rules you still, Miss Lewis - Loder.
Air - Ben Bolt, Mr. Moseley - Christy.
Duet - Master and Scholar, Miss Lewis and Mr. DeCourcy - Barnet.
An Interval of Ten Minutes.
Song - Thou art gone from my gaze, Mr. Moseley - Linley.
Song - The Maids of Merry England, Mr. DeCourcy - Perren.
Trio - The Indian Drum, Miss Lewis, Mr. DeCourcy and Moseley - Bishop.
Song - The Sorrows of the Heart, Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Ballas - Lost, Stolen, or Strayed, Miss Lewis - Tully.
Song - Land Ho, Mr. DeCourcy - Russel.
Ballad - Norah McShane, Mr. Moseley - Crouch.
Air - Sad Sea Waves, Miss Lewis - Benedict.
Song - The Heart Bowed Down, Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Finale - The Laughing Trio, M. De Courcy, Moseley, and Lavique - Martini.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1853), 8

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Saturday next, July 23rd, 1853. Winterbottom's Grand Promenade Concert.
Vocalists - Miss Lewis (her first appearance this season), Mr. John Gregg.
Principal Cornet-a-Piston - M. Henri Durant . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Song - Miss Lewis - Loder . . .
PART II . . . Song - Miss Lewis - Linley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (promoter); Henri Durant (cornet)

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1853), 8

MUSIC and Singing - Music and Singing taught in a superior style by E. Salamans, 103, La Trobe-street, cast. Music provided for Quadrille and other parties.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 August 1853), 3

ALFRED PHILLIPS, having concluded his provincial engagement, will have the honor of appearing at the Mechanics' Institution on Saturday Evening, August 6th, in an entertainment entitled "Our Native Land," in which he will be assisted by Mrs. Loder, her first appearance in Melbourne, and Mr. Salamons, the eminent pianist, his first appearance since his return to Melbourne . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Phillips (actor); Charlotte Loder (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1853), 12 

MELBOURNE Thursday Concerts. M. Winterbottom, in conformity with his promise, begs to announce his first Beethoven Festival, Mechanics Institute, To-night.
Vocalists: Mrs. Testar. Mr. Gregg.
Solo Instrumentalists: M. Henri Durant. Mr. Cooze. Mr. Tucker. M. Winterbottom.
Part 1.
Overture - Fidelio - Beethoven
Song - Know'st thou the Land, Mrs. Testar - Beethoven
Symphony - Allegretto, from the Symphony in [?] - Beethoven
Aria - In Questa Tomba, Mr. J. Gregg - Beethoven
New Solo (bassoon) - Grand Valse Le Desir, M. Winterbottom - Beethoven
Song - Adelaide, Mrs. Testar - Beethoven
Overture - Coriolan - Beethoven Part 2. Overture - Tancredi, (last time this season) - Rossini
Duet - Soffriva Nel Pianto, Mrs. Testar and Mr. Gregg - Donizetti
Valse - Wild Flowers (first time this season) - Carl Bulla
Ballad - My dear Irish Boy, Mrs. Testar - Linley
New Polka - Blue Bell - Koenig
Song - Revenge, Op. Pascal Bruno, Mr. Gregg - Hatton
Solo (bassoon) - La Somnambula, M. Winterbottom - Bellini
Galop - La Fin du Concert - Barre
Pianist, Mr. Salamons. Leader, Mr. Tucker, Conductor, M. Winterbottom.
Stalls, 5s. Back Seats, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); William Joseph Cooze (vocalist, flautist); Edward Tucker (leader, violin); Thursday Concerts (Mechanics' Institution, Melbourne)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1853), 8 

TO-Night. - Melbourne Thursday Concerts. - Mechanics' Institute. - Thursday Evening, 26th inst.
Vocalists: Second appearance of Miss Meabella Smith and Mr. John Gregg.
Solo Instrumentalists: M. Durant (cornet-a-piston), M. Cooze, M. Radford, M. Tucker, M. Winterbottom, &c. &c.
Part I.
Overtare, Coriolan (second time this season) - Beethoven.
Quadrille, La Guerre des Femmes - Boccio.
Song - Rage thou Angry Storm (Op. Gipsy's Warning), Mr. John Gregg (first time) - Benedict.
Valse, Faust (first time) - D'Albert.
Aria, Qui la Voce (I. Purliani), Miss Meabella Smith (her second appearance) - Bellini.
Solo (cornet a-piston) - M. Henri Durant.
Polka, Uncle Tom's Cabin - Montgomery.
Part II.
Overture, Fidelio - Beethoven.
Valse, Primo Donna - Carl Bulla.
Duetto, La ci Darem, Miss Meabella Smith and Mr. John Gregg - Mozart.
Polka Blue Bell - Koenig.
Ballad, Kathleen Mavourneen, Miss Meabella Smith - Crouch.
Solo Bassoon, Carnival de Cuba, M. Winterbottom - Winterbottom.
Song, The Slave Ship (first time), Mr. John Gregg - Russell.
Galop, Duke of Cambridge, with cornet-a-piston obligate, M. Henri Durant - Ernesto.
Pianist, Mr. Salamon. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Tucker. Conductor, M. Winterbottom . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Meabella Smith (vocalist); Mark Radford (violin)

"WINTERBOTTOM'S PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Banner (6 September 1853), 7 

The last but one of Mr. Winterbottom's Promenade Concerts took place on Saturday evening, and in spite of the badness of the weather, the Circus was filled . . . The singers of the evening were Miss Lewis and Mr. Gregg, both of whom sang remarkably well. Miss Lewis particularly pleased us in the pretty ballad, "Shells of the Ocean," and in Barnett's Singing Lesson, she and Mr. Gregg acquired themselves most respectably . . .

"THE OPENING OF THE LONSDALE-STREET ARCADE", The Argus (26 September 1853), 5 

The ceremony of opening the Arcade is announced to take place to day at eleven o'clock . . . A Promenade Concert will be given at 3 o'clock, Miss Miabella Smith, Miss Martin, Miss Lewis, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Salamon, Mr. Barlow, and Mr. Winterbottom, have very, generously offered their services gratuitously . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Martin (vocalist); Robert Barlow (comic vocalist)

"OPENING OF THE LONSDALES-STREET ARCADE", The Argus (27 September 1853), 4

. . . Miss Lewis sang "Come hither, pretty Fair," [sic] in excellent style . . .

MUSIC: Come hither pretty fairy (by George Linley)

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION, Thursday, September 29th, 1853. Sacred Concerts.
Vocalists - Mrs. Testar, Miss Lewis, Miss Martin, M. Winterbottom, and Mr. John Gregg (his first appearance since his recovery)
Pianist - Mr. Salamon. Bassoon - M. Winterbottom.
Selections from the Creation, Messiah, Elijah, Stabat Mater.
Quintetto - Dal tuo stellato soglio (Mose in Egitto), Mrs. Testar, Miss Lewis, Miss Martin, M. Winterbottom and Mr. Gregg - Rossini.
Air - O, Fount of every blessing, Miss Lewis - Mozart - Bassoon Obligato - M. Winterbottom.
Recitative - And god Said, (Creation) - Mr. Gregg - Haydn.
Air - Now heaven in fullest glory shone (Creation) - Mr. Gregg - Haydn.
Solo - Bassoon (Stabat Mater), Mr. Winterbottom - Rossini.
Air - Hear ye, Israel (Elijah). Mrs. Testar - Mendelssohn.
Air - But Thou didst not leave his soul in hell (Messiah), Miss Martin - Handel.
Recitative - Our duty we have performed (Creation) - Haydn.
Duet - Graceful concert (Creation) - Haydn.
Air - Holy! holy! Lord God Almighty (Messiah), Miss Lewis - Handel.
Solo - Bassoon (Sacred) Mr. Winterbottom.
Air - Pro peccatis suae gentis (Stabat Mater), Mr. Gregg - Rossini.
Air - With verdure clad (Creation), Mrs. Testar - Haydn - Bassoon Obligato - M. Winterbottom.
Chorus - Sound the loud timbrel - Handel . . .

"LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT", The Banner (7 October 1853), 9 

The introductory concert, from the operatic selections, was given by M. Winterbottom yesterday evening, in the Mechanics' Institution, before a select assembly, numbering about 250 persons . . . t a few minutes before eight the instrumental and vocal performances began with a piece from Rossini, in which M. Winterbottom led off in a bold voice, followed by the company in harmonious unison, Mrs. Testar's mellifluous notes being distinctly reverberative over the others. This was a very short piece, but loudly applauded. Mr. John Gregg then sang the "Lugger", accompanied by the pianist, Mr. Salamon, and was deservedly cheered. Miss Lewis was well received in her song of "Come hither pretty Fairy," being cheered when half way through, and most enthusiastically so at the close . . . In the second part, the whole vocalist company, consisting of Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Miss Lewis, M. Winterbottom, and Mr. Gregg, sang "Qual cor tradisti" to the piano accompaniment . . . Our space will not permit us to particularise each piece in the performances, but we are bound, as impartial critics, to commend Mr. Gregg for his stentorian lungs, Mrs. Teslar for her amiability, Miss Martin for being bashful, and Miss Lewis for not being so . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION, Thursday, October 13th, 1853. Second Sacred Concert.
Principal Vocalists, Mrs. Testar, Miss Lewis, Miss Martin, M. Winterbottom, and Mr. John Gregg.
Chorus - Messrs. Davies, Hill, Pownall, Robertson, Phillips, James, White &c.
Pianist, Mr. Salamon. Harmonium, Mr. Capes.
Conductor, M. Winterbottom.
Selections from the Creation, Messiah, Stabat Mater, St, Paul, &c.
Programme. Part I.
Solo and Chorus - The marvellous works (Creation), Mrs. Testar and Chorus - Haydn
Air - Consume them all, (St. Paul) Mr. Gregg - Mendelssohn
Recitative and Air - But the Lord is mindful of his own (St. Paul) Miss Lewis - Mendelssohn
Solo - Bassoon (Sacred) - M. Winterbottom
air - Fac ut portem - Miss Martin - Rossini
Air - Jerusalem (by desire) Mrs. Testar - Mendelssohn
Grand Chorus - The heavens are telling (Creation) - Haydn
Part II.
Air and Chorus - Inflammatus (Stabat Mater) - Mrs. Testar - Rossini
Alir - Rolling in foaming billows (Creation) - Mr. John Gregg - Haydn
Duett - Quis est homo (Stabat Mater) Mrs. Testar and Miss Martin - Rossini
Solo - Bassoon (Stabat Mater) - M. Winterbottom - Rossini
Air - Charity - Miss Lewis - Chas. Elsasser
Grand Chorus - Glory to God (Messiah) - Handel . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (composer)

PORT PHILLIP . . . MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. THURSDAY EVENING CONCERTS", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (22 October 1853), 4 

The remarkable portion of last evening's concert was the appearance of a chorus, the first, we believe, ever heard iu this colony. It is decidedly a step in the right direction; and we trust we may soon see in Melbourne a choral society, giving regular monthly concerts, and offering to the public standard choral music . . . Miss Martin and Miss Lewis sang the songs allotted to them sweetly . . . Mr. Salomons was the accompanyist, and most ably he acquitted himself - M. M. Herald.

"General Intelligence", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (28 October 1853), 2

MR. WINTERBOTTOM, the promoter of the Monster Concerts at Sydney and Melbourne, has arrived in Hobart Town, and we believe he is accompanied by a corps of vocal and instrumental performers, with the assistance of whom he intends to give before his departure a series of concerts a la Jullien. The praises which have been so lavishly heaped upon Mr. Winterbottom by our cotemporaries in the neighbouring colonies, some of which have found their way into our columns, will be sufficient to recommend his concerts to public support. We may add that Mr. Winterbottom intends to make an annual musical tour, accompanied by the best talent in the colonies, and that the vocalists he has at present with him are Miss Annie Lewis, from the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, and Mr. John Gregg, Primo Basso English Opera at the same theatre. Mr. Winterbottom is stated to be a most astonishing performer on the bassoon.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", The Argus (29 October 1853), 4 

October 31 - Clarence, steamer, 199 tons, W. M. Saunders, for Launceston, in ballast. Passengers . . . Mrs. Winterbottom, Miss Lewis . . . Messrs. . . . Salaman, J. Gregg . . .

"MR. WINTEBOTTOM'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (1 November 1853), 2 

There was a thin attendance at the concert last night, but considering that it was a first appearance, a larger one could hardly be expected. We feel no hesitation in speaking of the vocal and instrumental performances as deserving of the highest praise . . . Miss Annie Lewis possesses a voice of considerable power, and sings with great judgment, but in those parts which required energy of expression, she seemed to want confidence in her own ability. Mr. Salamon performed on the pianoforte with the air of a master, and displayed rare execution in the beautiful airs from Balfe's opera, the "Bohemian Girl" . . .

"MR. WINTEBOTTOM'S CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (2 November 1853), 3

. . . The opening piece of "Turn on Old Time," from the opera, of Maritana, by Miss Annie Lewis, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Winterbottom was given in brilliant style, and elicited the admiration and praise of the audience. The beautiful ballad of "Shells of Ocean," by Miss Annie Lewis, was sung with exquisite taste, and received with raptures of applause . . .

"WINTERBOTTOM'S LAST CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (8 November 1853), 2 

M. Winterbottom gave his last concert here on Saturday evening, under the patronage of Mr. Dry . . . Miss Lewis sang better than before, though suffering from a cold, and M. Salamon was especially applauded for his pianoforte solo, composed by himself. All were encored more than once, and at the conclusion of the concert, M. Salamon was honoured by a request from Mr. Dry's party to perform another piece on the pianoforte, which he did with his usual skill.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Dry (patron)

"M. WINTERBOTTOM'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (15 November 1853), 2 

This Concert, which took place yesterday came off under circumstances of no very encouraging character, the attendance being but little more numerous than on the previous occasion. The performances were, however, of a description which could not fail to afford much gratification . . . The opening quartette of "Mose in Egitto" by Miss Lewis and Messrs. Gregg, Salomon, and Winterbottom, was finely sung, as were also the beautiful airs selected from Mendelssohn, Rossini, and other masters which followed . . .

"MR. WINTERBOTTOM'S SACRED CONCERT", Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (17 November 1853), 2 

This talented artiste assisted by Mr. John Gregg, Mr. Salamon, and Miss Annie Lewis, gave a sacred concert in the Mechanic's Institute, on Monday afternoon. The pieces selected were some of the beautiful yet most difficult, from the great masters, Handel, Haydn, Rossini and Mendelshon [sic] . . . Miss Lewis is a charming vocalist, giving that expression of feeling without which the best cannot be effective. Mr. Salamon's performances on the piano, proved him to be master of the art. The attendance was anything but satisfactory, owing to there having been so many concerts lately . . .

"Local Intelligence", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (23 November 1853), 2 

M. WINTERBOTTOM'S CONCERT, under the patronage of W. A. Gardner, Esq., and K. J. King, Esq., took place on Monday evening last, at the Assembly Rooms, and although not numerously, was highly respectably attended . . . Miss Annie Lewis sings exquisitely, and cannot fail to delight her audience . . . M. Salamon's as a pianist, would require more space than, we have at command. Connisseurs [sic] in music must hear them to appreciate their worth. Miss Lewis takes a farewell benefit on Friday evening next.

"CONCERT AT EVANDALE", The Courier (28 November 1853), 2 

M. Winterbottom's Concert, which took place on the evening of Thursday, the 24th instant, at the Patriot King Inn, Evandale, came off with considerable eclat before a numerous and respectable auditory . . . The singing of Miss Annie Lewis gave general satisfaction - she was warmly greeted by the audience throughout the evening. Her song "Shells of the Ocean" elicited an encore, as did also the duet of "The Singing Lesson," in which she was joined by Mr. Gregg, an excellent singer, whose song "Simon the Cellarer" elicited a call for repetition. M. Salamon is an excellent pianist, and his performances were highly applauded. The Concert gave general satisfaction. M. Winterbottom announced his intention of giving another concert on Tuesday, the 29th instant.

"Shipping Intelligence . . . CLEARED" OUT", Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (8 December 1853), 2 

December 3 - Clarence, steamer, 199 tons, Wm. H. Saunders, master, for Melbourne; G. Fisher, agent. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Winterbottom, Mr. and Mrs. Salamon, Mr. J. Gregg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 January 1854), 8 

CONTINUATION of Tattersall's Concert -
Signor Maffei begs to inform the public that the above concerts will be transferred to the saloon of the Mechanics' Institution, on Saturday, Monday, and Thursday evenings following.
The most powerful and favorite band comprises - Monsieur Fleury, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Reed, Mr. Hardman, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Steward, Mr. Hartigan, Signor Maffei, and the other members of his incomparable band at Tattersalls.
Vocalists - Mrs. Testar and Madame Carandini
Pianist - Mr. Salamon
Programme for Saturday, 7th instant . . . Madame Carandini, Accompanied by Mr. L. H. Lavenu . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Maffei (musician, promoter); Maria Carandini (vocalist); Lewis Henry Lavenu (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1854), 8 

NEVER heard before in this colony. - Six Pianofortes, Two Overtures, Zampa and Der Freischutz, arranged expressly for Mr. Winterbottom's Musical Festival on Monday next, by Mr. Salaman.

[2 advertisements], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

THURSDAY Evening Concerts - Mrs. Testar, Mr. Frank Howson, Mr. Winterbottom, Herr Strebinger, Mr. Salamans, and Mr. Coleman Jacobs will appear next Thursday, at the Mechanics' Institution.
HERR STREBINGER, the celebrated Violinist, will appear for the first time since his return from Sydney, on Thursday next, February 2nd, at Mr. Coleman Jacob's Concert, accompanied by Mr. Salaman.

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION - Monday, January 30th, 1854 Mr. Winterbottom's GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL . . . will be performed, for the first time in the colony, Two Overtures, arranged by M. Salaman for six pianofortes, Zampa and Der Freischutz . . . PROGRAMME. Part I. Overture - Six Pianofortes Zampa (Arranged by M. Salaman) - Messrs. Salaman, White, Elsasser, Tolhurst, Owen, &c - Herold . . . Part II. Overture - Six Pianofortes, Der Freischutz (arranged by E. Salaman), Messrs. Salaman, White, Elsasser, Tolhurst, &c. - Weber . . . Trio - Sweet is the breath of morning, Mrs. Testar, M. Winterbottom, and W. F. Sayer - E. Salaman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Strebinger (violinist); Coleman Jacobs (pianist, promoter); Thomas White (pianist); Richard Owen (pianist); George Tolhurst (pianist)

"BENDIGO (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) . . . THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (14 September 1854), 5 

I intended by this mail to forward you some particulars of our local Exhibition . . . Our advance in the fine arts may be guessed at from the fact that an excellent musical composition, entitled "The Hotham Galop," composed by Mr. Saloman, and dedicated to Lady Hotham, was played on the occasion of the second visit of His Excellency and lady, and a copy will be sent to the Exhibition, to be forwarded to Melbourne. A Schottische, composed by another gentleman, and spoken of as being very good, has been dedicated to Lady Hotham. Sir Charles personally thanked Mr. Saloman for the compliment he had paid to Lady Hotham. There are three oil-paintings in the Exhibition, painted by a young artist on Bendigo, of considerable merit . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles and Jane Hotham (governor and wife)

"BENDIGO . . . MISS LOUISA SWANNELL'S CONCERTS", The Argus (23 April 1855), 7 

On Saturday evening this lady gave her farewell concert at the Criterion Hotel. There was a very respectable audience present. Miss Swannell was supported by Miss Lewis, one of our old Bendigo favorites . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Swannell (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (6 July 1855), 1

From England to the Australian Colonies; illustrated by his DIORAMIC & VOCAL SKETCH BOOK,
This Entertainment is Colonial, and has been universally greeted by crowded houses and thunders of applause.
The Diorama and decorations are painted by Mr. Fawcett, of Her Majesty's Theatre, London, and are pronounced hitherto unequalled in the colonies.
The Music arranged by M. E. Salaman . . .

"BENDIGO", The Age (23 August 1855), 5

Miska Hauser, whose arrival at Bendigo I mentioned in my last, held his first concert in the concert hall of the Royal Hotel, on Saturday evening last. There was a large and very respectable audience present, and, I have no doubt, had it been better known but that the hall would have been crowded to excess. Nevertheless, great interest was exhibited by those present, and on Miska Hauser coming on to the platform a loud burst of applause greeted him, which lasted for some time . . . Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Annie Lewis, and Miss Graham, came in for a fair share of applause.

ASSOCIATIONS: Miska Hauser (violinist); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Amelia Graham (vocalist)

"MR. SMALL'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 3 

On Wednesday evening Mr. Small - better known as Billy Barlow, or the " Unfortunate Man" - took his benefit at the Royal Hotel concert hall, at which place he has been engaged for some time. He was not unfortunate that evening, however, as the room was crowded, if not crammed, with his admiring friends. The singing was varied and amusing. The monster song of "Billy Barlow" was, as expected, one of the principal features in the evening's entertainment. Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Bourne, and Miss Lewis sang songs; the latter lady was encored three times. Mr. Salaman presided at the piano, and during intervals delighted the audience with some of his best pieces, among which we heard the "Oddfellows' Polka," one of his recent compositions.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joe Small (comic vocalist); Madelina Mitchell (vocalist); Georgina Bourn (vocalist)

"PATRIOTIC FUND BALL", Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 2 

The Ball which was held in Burall's assembly rooms on Thursday evening . . . Dancing commenced soon after ten o'clock . . . and we must remark that the excellent music of the numerous and very efficient band contributed in no slight degree to the splendour and the vivacity which characterised the room throughout the evening. There must have been upwards of two hundred persons present . . . The band consisted of nine performers, Mr. Radford's band and Mr. Salaman's, amalgamating. The music, as we have said, was first-rate. Dancing was kept up till daylight . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Radford (violinist, band leader)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3

Engagement for this Night, Only of the well-known DOUGLASS FAMILY,
From the Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, and Geelong Theatres, and MR. SPENCER REEVES.
Continued Success OF MISS ANNIE LEWIS, The Australian Nightingale.
Unparalleled Success OF MR. SMALL, Author of those Inimitable Comic Songs - The Fortunate and Unfortunate Man, and the local paraprhase of Billy Barlow . . .
MR. SPENCER REEVES Will sing the Original Songs of the Battle of the Alma, Australia for Ever, and the Allied Army.
MR. SALAMAN, The Eminent Pianist, will preside at the Piano, thus ensuring to the lovers of amusement a treat not frequently met with in the Australian Colonies.
Doors to open at half-past seven o'clock.
R. HEMINGWAY, Proprietor.

"AN HOUR IN OULD IRELAND", Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3

To-night Mr. Besnard's entertainment takes place at Burall's assembly rooms . . . From the talents of Mr. Besnard himself, and the efficient assistance he will have from Miss Pearson, Miss Annie Lewis, Mrs. Gill at the piano, and the clever Irish singer, Mr. Gibson, there will be an excellent evening's entertainment afforded.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Besnard (performer, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 October 1855), 3 

ROYAL HOTEL Concert Hall.
Miss Lewis begs to state that through the kindness of Mr. Hemingway she will take her
BENEFIT This Evening, Tuesday, At the Royal Hotel Concert Hall, View Point, when the following talented artistes have volunteered to give their valuable services:-
Miss Graham, the old Bendigo favorite; Miss Pearson, her second appearance on Bendigo;
Mrs. Bourne; Mrs. Mitchell; and Mrs. Gill; Miss Hudson will Dance the Highland Fling in character.
Mr. Small; Mr. Cumming; Mr. Warden; Mr. Burgess, and Mr. B. J. Coleman.
Miss Lewis trusts that her invariable endeavors to please the public of Sandhurst in her professional capacity, will on this occasion, be reciprocated by a BUMPER HOUSE!

ASSOCIATIONS: James Warden (musician); Joseph Burgess (musician)

"MISS LEWIS'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (18 October 1855), 3

The Concert-room at the Royal was crowded on Tuesday night, on the occasion of the benefit of Miss Annie Lewis, so deservedly a general favourite. The entertainments went off exceedingly well, every performer being anxious to please, and the audience disposed to be pleased. It is almost invidious to mention the name of any one singer where all were so excellent, but really that "Unfortunate man" was irresistibly comic; and in his "Billy Barlow," in his local allusions, he was extremely humorous and piquant.

"SHAMROCK HOTEL", Bendigo Advertiser (20 October 1855), 3 

We understand that Mr. Heffernan has in contemplation the erection of a splendid concert room, superior to any on the Bendigo . . . Beyond question, the Shamrock Hotel has one of the best musical companies in the district . . . The engagement of Miss Urie still continues, and her excellent singing meets with the same popularity as ever . . . Mr. Gibson, the favorite Irish singer, is also engaged at the Shamrock . . . Mr. Dixon, the tenor, and Mr. Leman, bass singer, are well deserving of notice . . . The place of Mr. White, who ably presided at the pianoforte, and whose accompaniments in no small degree contributed to the success of the evening concerts, is at present filled by Mr. Salaman, the former gentleman being on a visit to town . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Heffernan (proprietor); Louisa Urie (vocalist); Frederick Dixon (vocalist); Frederick Leeman (vocalist); Thomas White (pianist)

"TESTIMONIAL TO MR. SALAMAN", Bendigo Advertiser (11 December 1855), 3

On Saturday last, at eleven o'clock, the talented company of vocalists who have for some time been performing nightly at the Shamrock with such success, met at Mr. Heffernan's for the purpose of presenting Mr. Salaman, the pianist and composer, with a Snuff-box, as a testimonial of their regard. Miss Hamilton and Miss Urie were the only ladies present; but several gentlemen friends were there by invitation. Mr. Pierce in a neat and appropriate speech, on behalf of the company, presented the snuff-box to Mr. Salaman in due form. Mr.Salaman then returned his sincere thanks for this unexpected and gratifying honor, assuring them that through life he should always treasure their, elegant and valuable present. Some excellent champagne was next opened, and a series of toasts were drank, including the health of Mr. Salaman, the company of the Shamrock, the ladies, Messrs. Heffernan and Crawley [sic], the Press, and the Queen, and the meeting separated. The snuff-box is a very handsome one, embossed silver inlaid with gold. It was manufactured in Melbourne, and has been engraved on Bendigo, the inscription being:
"Presented to Edward Salaman, Esq., by the vocalists of the Shamrock Vocal Hall, as a token of their regard and approbation of his musical talent.
Sandhurst, December 8, 1855."

ASSOCIATIONS: John Crowley (proprietor)

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE (To the Editor of the . . .)", Bendigo Advertiser (24 January 1856), 3 

Sir. - Will you be kind enough to allow me to correct an error that appeared in your issue of this morning, relative to my ball.
The "Octavia Polka" was written by Mr. E. Salaman and not by me as you have stated.
The "Casey Polka" was composed by me for the same occasion, and both Polkas were produced for the first time, at the opening ball, Wellington Hotel, Epsom.
Trusting you will excuse me for so far trespassing on your valuable space,
I am, Sir, Yours obediently,
JOSEPH BURGESS, Late of Mons. Jullien and Winterbottom's Bands.
Epsom, 22nd Jan., 1856.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (18 March 1856), 1 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE, MUNDY-STREET. Proprietor and Manager, Mr. Henry Coleman.
First appearance of MISS ANNIE LEWIS. TO-MORROW Evening, Wednesday, 19th March . . .
Song - " Ida" - Miss Annie Lewis.
Ballad, "The Rose of Florence," Madame S. Flower . . .
S. T. HOWARD, Stage Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Coleman (proprietor); Sara Flower (vocalist, Mrs. Sam Howard); Sam Howard (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 April 1856), 2 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE. Re-Engagement of MADAME LOLA MONTES. THIS EVENING (Wednesday). ROSALIE BOUQUET and ANTHONY AND CLEOPATRA: The principal Characters in each will be sustained by Madame Lola Montez and Mr. Folland. Songs by Madame Sara Flower and Annie Lewis . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lola Montez (dancer, actor)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (7 April 1856), 3 

THE Public are respect fully informed that this splendid Hall is open every evening. Admission free.
The following distinguished artistes are engaged: - Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Urie,
Monsieur Coulon, Mr. Peirce [sic], Mr. Dixon, Mr. Gibson.
Mr. Salaman will preside at the Piano. The programme changed every evening . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emile Coulon (vocalist); James Otis Pierce (vocalist, musician)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (26 May 1856), 3 

BENEFIT OF MISS LOUISA URIE. MONDAY, 26th MAY . . . assisted by the following eminent Artistes: -
Madame SARA FLOWER; Miss ANNIE LEWIS, by the kind permission of Mr. H. Coleman . . .
Conductor and Pianist - Mr. E. SALAMAN . . .
PROGRAMME - PART I . . . Ballad - The Grecian Daughter - Knight, Miss Annie Lewis . . .
PART II . . . Irish Ballad - Katty's Farewell for Goulden Australia - written and composed expressly for Mad. Sara Flower - poetry by F. Hamilton, music by E. Salaman - Madame Sara Flower . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Hamilton alias of Frederick Dicker (lyricist)

Admissions for year 1856 (27 May), 290, Golden Lodge of Bendigo, Sandhurst, Victoria, No. 924; in register of admissions, United Grand Lodge of England; Library and Museum of Freemasonry 

[1856] May 27 / July 15 / Leeman / Frederick Augustus / 32 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] [May 27] / July 8 / Aug. 19 / Salaman / Edward / 31 [sic] / Professor of Music . . .
[1856] [July 15] / Aug. 19 / Sep. 15 / Dixon / John Frederick / 26 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] Oct. 10 / Lavenu / Lewis Henry / 34 / Vocalist . . .

"THE MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (26 July 1856), 2 

The third and last concert of the Musical Festival was held on Friday evening, and, despite drenching torrents of rain which fell just as people were setting out from their homes, was a most brilliant success. The first part of the concert consisted of a miscellaneous selection of ballads, duets, and trios, which call for no special remark, save that they were all very well executed, and several had the merit of being new to Melbourne audiences. Madame Bishop was encored in "John Anderson my Jo," and "The Last Rose of Summer." Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Lyall, and Mr. Hancock, received the same compliment in the beautiful trio, by Salamon, "Sweet is the breath of morning," which was rendered with infinite spirit and grace . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Charles Lyall (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 September 1856), 3 

SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL. Greatest Attraction yet offered the Public.
FOR THE FIRST BENEFIT OF E. SALAMON, (Late Pianist and Conductor of the above establishment),
The following Artistes will appear: Madame Sara Flower, and Madame Carandini, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Lyall,
Mr. Frank Howson, Mr. Leeman, Mr. Hancock, Mr. Gibson, Mr. Thatcher, Mr. Dixon,
Mr. R. Kohler, Mr. Lavenu, Mr. E. Salomon, Mr. Linden.
Conductors on this occasion, Messrs. Lavenu and Salamon.
Programme Part I.
Chorus - by the Company.
Song - Mr. Howson.
Scena - "O Luce di quest' Anima." - Donizetti - Mr. Hancock.
Duet - (Two Cornets) "Dark day of Horror" - Rossini.
Song - "Io non te posso offrir." - Donizetti - Madame Sara Flower.
Comic Song - "The Rush to Dunolly." - Thatcher - Thatcher.
Scena - "Fly hence each idle Fear." - Wallace - Madame Carandini (With Concertina Obligato by the Brothers Kohler.)
Song - "The Lugger" - Sporle - Mr. Leeman.
Chorus & Finale to 2nd Act of "Lucia di Lammermoor" - Donizetti - The Company.
An interval of ten Minutes.
Programme, Part II.
Trio - "Overture to Der Freischutz," arranged for 3 Pianofortes by E. Salamon - Webber - Messrs. Lavenu, Salamon, and Linden.
Serenade (with Chorus) - "Come e Gentil," - Donizetti - Mr. Lyall.
Trio - "My Lady the Countess," - Cimarosa - Mesdames Carandini, Hancock, and Sara Flower.
Song - (Cornet) "The Exile's Lament" - Jullien - Mr. R. Kohler.
Comic Song - "Barnaby Finnigan," - Mr. Gibson.
Duett - "Lascia non t'ascolta" (Tancedi) - Rossini - Mesdames Carandini and Sara Flower.
Comic Song - "The Bendigo Lock-up," - Thatcher.
Comic Duett - "Mr. and Mrs. Bell," - Mr. Nelson - Mr. and Mrs. Hancock.
Finale - "God save the Queen," by the Company . . .

"SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL. BENEFIT OF MR. SALAMON", Bendigo Advertiser (12 September 1856), 3 

We were very much gratified in seeing so large an attendance at the Shamrock Concert Hall last evening, on the occasion of the benefit of the talented pianist, Mr. Salamon. The company was not only numerous, but it was one of the most respectable we have seen for some time assembled together. An excellent programme, a beautiful night, and the opportunity of hearing some of the best vocalists in the colony, formed good reasons for expecting the attendance would be equal to the claims of Mr. Salamon upon the support of the Bendigo public. We have not space to devote to a detailed critique of the performances, but we may select the Overture to Der Freischutz, arranged for three pianofortes, and performed by Messrs. Lavenu, Salamon, and Linden, and the trio "My Lady the Countess," by Cimarosa, sung by Mesdames Carandini, Hancock, and Sara Flower, as the most successful performances of the evening. The audience were evidently highly delighted with the entertainment, and the applause throughout the evening was incessant.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist); Richard Wildblood Kohler (musician); Otto Linden (pianist); Sidney Nelson (composer)

"McIVOR ", Bendigo Advertiser (13 November 1856), 2 

Last Saturday evening a concert was to have taken place at the Heathcote Hotel, and placards to that effect duly posted, announcing that "for one night only" the "inimitable Thatcher," accompanied by Miss Annie Lewis and Mr. Salaman, the pianist, would delight the ears of the lovers of fun and harmony in our little township. The "Inimitable," however, arrived alone, couldn't give a concert without his mates, and "sloped" back again next morning, much to the disappointment, and disgust of those who had assembled to hear him.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 January 1857), 3 

MR. HEFFERNAN hereby informs the Miners and Storekeepers of Epsom and neighborhood, that he intends holding a QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY every Wednesday and Friday Evenings . . . First-rate Music will be provided . . .
On the other evening of the week, namely, Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, GRAND MONSTER FREE CONCERTS Will be given, when the following eminent and popular Artistes will appear: -
And the Local Comic Singer THATCHER, With his latest Budget of New Songs.
M. LAVENU and SALAMON - Pianists . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jean-Baptiste Laglaise (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (5 February 1857), 3 

OVENS HOSPITAL, Church-street,
Grand Promenade Concert, For the benefit of the HOSPITAL.
THE Committee have much pleasure in announcing that
Have kindly consented to tender their mutual assistance in aid of this institution, On THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5th . . .
PART II. Quartette - "Sweet is the breath," Edward Salaman. - Miss O. Hamilton, Messrs. Chevalier, Pierce and Coulon . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Leopold Collin (pianist)

? [Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

GRAND CONCERT. The grand vocal and instrumental CONCERT (advertised to take place at the Church of England School House, White Hill, towards the cost and erection of the New Harmonium), will in consequence of the great number of tickets already sold, be held at
SIR CHARLES HOTHAM ASSEMBLY HALL, ON MONDAY, 9th FEBRUARY, 1857, The following Talented Artistes have kindly proferred their valuable services: -
Principal Vocalists: Miss J. Salamon, (The well known Contralto.)
Mr. Stevens (the favorite Barytone), Mr. Kingsland and Mr. W. M. Laurie.
Pianoforte : Mr. Thos. Barwick . . .

? "GRAND CONCERT AT WHITE HILLS", Bendigo Advertiser (10 February 1857), 3 

Last evening a grand concert was given at the Sir Charles Hotham Hotel, White Hills Hamlet, by the Sandhurst Harmonic Society, in aid of the building fund of the Church of England School in that district. The evening's entertainment, which was under the direction of Mr. W. M. Laurie, was deservedly patronised by a large portion of the residents in the Hamlet . . . The programme, which consisted of selections from Hayden, Handel, and Mendelssohn, was, with one or two exceptions, a judicious selection . . . The principal vocalists were, Messrs. Laurie, Kingsland, Guenther, and Miss Salaman, to whom too much credit cannot be accorded for the care evinced by them in the preparation of the several pieces . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Barwick (pianist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (9 May 1857), 3 

UNPRECEDENTED ATTRACTION! Consisting of the following Artistes: -
MISKA HAUSER, (The Great Violinist, from the Conservatoires of Vienna and Paris),
Mrs. Hancock, Miss Annie Lewis,
Mr. Hancock, Mr. Thatcher, Mr. J. W. Kohler, (Cornet-a-Piston).
Mr. SALAMON, Conductor . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 July 1857), 3 

WITH A GRAND MONSTER PERFORMANCE, Embracing all the Professional Talent of Bendigo,
A Grand VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AND The admired Musical Afterpiece, entitled THE SWISS LOVERS,
In which the following distinguished Artistes will appear: -
Mr. J. M. WOLFE, Mrs. Moore, Miss Annie Lewis, Mr. Ramsay, Mr. Wright,
Mr. Clements Mr. Edwards, Mrs. Gill, Mrs. Ricards
Mr. E. Salaman, Mr. Harry Goulstone, Mr. J. Warden . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rachel Lazar Moore (Mrs. Andrew Moore, actor, vocalist); Jessie Ricards (actor, vocalist); Harry Goulstone (musician)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (7 August 1857), 1 

GUM TREE HOTEL, Golden-square. QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY every Thursday; Free-and-Easy Concert every Saturday. SALAMAN, Pianist.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 October 1857), 3 

HAYMARKET THEATRE . . . RE-OPENING, - New Scenery, Machinery, and Appointments,
On SATURDAY NIGHT Next, OCTOBER the 17th, 1857 . . .
Music Composer and Director, Mr. Salaman.
Leader of the Band, Mr. Andrew Moore . . .
Stage Director, Mr. a'Becket Evans, Late Manager of Coppin's Olympic and Theatre Royal, Melbourne.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard A'Beckett Evans (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (22 October 1857), 3 

MADAME ARNATI WHITE HAS much pleasure in announcing that . . . she will give a
SECOND SELECT MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT, On which occasion she will be asssisted by Mr. Hackett and Mr. O'Connor.
PROGRAMME. FIRST PART . . . Ballad (Irish), "Katty's Farewell for Goulden Australia." (Madame White.) Salaman . . .
SECOND PART . . . Trio, "That time of year." Salaman . . .
Conductor & Pianist - Mr. White . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas and Emilia White (vocalist and pianist)

[Advertisement], The Kyneton Observer (20 November 1857), 3 

Have the honor to announce that, they will give a Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert at the above Rooms, on Tuesday Evening, November 24th.
PART I . . . Trio - "Sweet is the breath of morning," Madame Carandini, Messrs. Laglaise and Coulon - Salaman . . .

"DISTRICT POLICE COURT. Tuesday, 2nd February . . .", Bendigo Advertiser (3 February 1857), 2-3 

A HORSE IN A CHINA SHOP. - William Hagan was charged, on the information of Edward Salamans, with malicious injury, by damaging his property to the extent of £8 2s. It appeared from the evidence that the prisoner had backed the horse he was riding into the shop windows of complainant. The prisoner pleaded accident, the mare having shied on to the footpath. The Bench inflicted a fine of £5, or fourteen days' imprisonment, and ordered him to pay the amount of damage done, £8 2s.

CIVIL CASES. REMANDED CASES. Quinn v. Salamans. - Messrs. O'Loughlin and Lysaght for plaintiff, and Mr. Dunbar for defendant. This case was again gone into. The only fresh feature introduced was that the receipt for the loan of £20 was left in plaintiff's own purse in the kitchen, and was open to any member of the family. The purse was not taken.
Frederick B. Lewis gave evidence that he was present on the occasion of the balance of wages being paid to the plaintiff. Did not hear any demand made at that time for any money lent. No money was paid at that time to the plaintiff. Went away and left Mrs. Salamans and the plaintiff together.
Annie Salamans, wife of defendant, deposed that the complainant was at one time servant to her. The complainant never lent £20 to witness - never lent her any money . . . [3] . . . The Bench adjudged that the charge had not been proved.

"SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1858), 3 

Although the proprietor of this popular place of amusement last night fixed the price of admission at one shilling, instead of the rule of admitting the public free of any charge, the price did not seem to produce much diminution from the preceding evening. The Hall was, perhaps, not quite so crowded as on the former night, but every available seat was filled, and the audience present uproariously applauded the classic dancing of Madame Strebinger and her pupil, Miss Earle. The Instrumental portion of the entertainment would alone repay a visit; some of the overtures performed by M. Strebinger, Mr. Salaman and Mr. Thatcher were played with great taste and correctness. As the engagement of these talented artistes is for a very limited period, we would recommend the public to visit the Shamrock before it terminates.

"SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL", Bendigo Advertiser (22 July 1858), 3 

The performances at the Shamrock nightly gather crowded audiences. The singing of our old favoiite, Madame Sara Flower, is on every occasion received with an applause which sufficiently shows that her vocal abilities are in no way diminished since her former appearance on Bendigo. The graceful dancing of Madame Strebinger and Miss Earle, although repeated every night now for nearly a month, is still witnessed by the habitues of the Shamrock with as much enthusiastic pleasure as on the first night of their appearance. Monsieur Strebinger's solos are rich musical treats, and are nightly encored; and "last, though not least," the warbling of Miss Urie of the melodies of Scotland brings to mind the truthfulness of the line -
"Compared with these, Italian trills are tame."
Tha accompanying music to the singing and the dances is played in a style which redounds greatly to the credit of our old favorite Mr. Salamons.

ASSOCIATIONS: Tilly Earl (dancer)

"MR. THATCHER'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (24 August 1858), 3 

There was not so numerous an attendance at the Shamrock last night as we had expected there would have been to see our old friend Thatcher on his last legs. Still the room was not badly filled . . . Need we speak in glowing terms of the execution of Salamon, Strebinger, and Thatcher, in the overtures, quadrilles, and operatic selections with which they commenced the various parts of the concert? . . .

"MADAME STREBINGER'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 September 1858), 3 

. . . Among the other features we might notice Strebinger's Polka, a pretty composition by Mr. Salamon, played effectively by himself and Mons. Strebinger . . .

"MUNICIPAL POLICE COURT. FRIDAY, 5th November . . .", Bendigo Advertiser (6 November 1858), 3 

. . . The following case appears to have excited considerable interest, the Court being densely crowded during the examination. Mr. Salamon was also in attendance taking the likeness of the prisoner, as is his wont at the hearing of any criminal celebrities.

THE FORGERY CASES. - Richard Martin was placed in the dock on a charge of obtaining money under false pretences from George Edmeades Tolhurst, at Sandhurst . . .

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 November 1858), 3 

This place of amusement was very well filled on Saturday night . . . Miss Urie was in excellent voice, and sang selections from the minstrelsy of Scotland in a style that called forth repeated encores. Thatcher introduced some clever, original, travestying words and airs of popular songs in the freest and easiest of styles . . . Mr. Small, who has become as great a favorite here as any comic singer we have had on Bendigo, was encored and reencored in his humorous singing . . . Mr. Leeman sang capitally, although his rich voice is hardly heard to so much advantage at the Lyceum, as in other places . . . Mr. Salamon on the piano, and Mr. J. Kohler on the cornet-a-piston were most effective.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Wildblood Kohler (cornet, brother of Richard)

Register of members, Corinthian Lodge, Sandhurst, VIC, no. 1072, 1858; United Grand Lodge of Great Britain; Museum of Freemasonry (PAYWALL)

Petitioners' warrant dated 20th Dec. 1858 / frm 924 / Salamon Edward / [Sandhurst] / Pianist . . .
[1858] Oct. 20 / Schede Herman / 31 / [Sandhurst] / Agent . . .
[1858] Dec. 16 / Livingstone Alexander / 26 / [Sandhurst / Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alexander Livingstone (pianist); Herman Schede (agent, pianist)

"THE BENEVOLENT ASYLUM BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 February 1859), 2 

Last evening Messrs. Heffernan and Crowley kindly gave the use of their theatre and company for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum . . . The company was composed of the San Francisco Minstrels, with Miss Chalker, Madame Vitelli, and Thatcher, assisted in the musical department by Messrs. Kohler and Salamon . . . Mr. Kohler on the cornet-a-piston . . . likewise played an accompaniment to a song sung by Miss Chalker, called "Spells of Memory," in a most masterly manner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (vocalist); Annie Vitelli (vocalist); San Francisco Minstrels (troupe)

"LOCAL COMPOSERS. To the Editor of the . . .", Bendigo Advertiser (8 February 1859), 3

Sir, - In your critique on the performance in aid of the Benevolent Asylum, held at the Shamrock Theatre on Friday evening last, you omitted to notice that the song "Spells of Memory" was composed for the occasion by our talented local musician, Mr. E. Salaman. The ballad in question, I do not hesitate to say, is one of the highest order; and a musician cannot fail to detect in it traces of a thorough and complete knowledge of the theory of music - a knowledge which many of our now popular ballad composers do not possess. I am sure, Mr. Editor, you are willing to give "honor to whom honor is due;" and by inserting these lines will afford gratification to all admirers of talent, particularly local,
I am, Sir, yours, &c., J. B.
Forest-street, Sandhurst, 7th February, 1859.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Bird Burgess (musician, composer)

"COURT OF MINES", Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1859), 2

. . . The share of F. B Lewis, it was stated, was divided among Edward Salamons, Annie Salamons, Joel Lewis, and Michael Jacobs; these subpartners having, by his Honor's decision, been called in and made parties to the suit . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Baruch Lewis (Annie's brother)

"THE SHAMROCK THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1859), 3 

. . . The company now performing at the Shamrock may challenge comparison with any ever collected at one time in the same place in the colony . . . Nothing can be finer than the dancing of Mdlle. Therese; that of the sisters Worrell is worthy of the highest notice; while M. Schmidt and Mr. J. Chambers are acknowledged to rank among the best and most accomplished dancers in the colony. It is unnecessary to speak of the performance of the well known San Francisco Minstrels . . . In this brief notice the splendid execution of that excellent and well-known pianist, Mr. Salaman, and the performances of the violinist, Mr. Chittenden, ought not to pass without especial notice . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: M. and Therese Schmidt (dancers); Joseph Chambers (dancer); George Chittenden (violinist)

"THE MASONIC BALL AT ABBOTTS LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (24 June 1859), 2 

. . . The orchestra was capital, and too much credit cannot be given to the several performers. With such musicians as Salaman and Burgess as conductor and leader, it might well be expected that the musical arrangements would be excellent, as they turned out to be . . .

"SANDHURST COMMERCIAL. Advertiser Office, Wednesday Evening", Bendigo Advertiser (28 July 1859), 2 

Mr. Bucknall reports: The disposal by auction of Mr. Salamon's stock of crockery was continued yesterday, and notwithstanding it being the third day's sale, the attendance was very large, and the bidding sustained with great spirit throughout. A considerable quantity of stock was gone through.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (2 August 1859), 1 

for the first time in Sandhurst, the entire Operatic Drama, in three acts GUY MANNERING, With all the music, and scenery properties.
First appearance of the Talented Artistes MR. and MRS. CHAPMAN.
All the celebrated Duets, Glees, and Trios, comprising
THE SPELLS OF MEMORY, Composed and arranged, with full orchestral accompaniments, by Mr. E. SALAMON.
Also, the celebrated Trio "SWEET AS THE BREATH OF MORNING," By Mr. Salamon.
Bass Solos - Mr. Leeman; Choruses led by Messrs. Leeman, Conna, and Brower.

"IMPROVEMENTS PERMANENT", Bendigo Advertiser (25 October 1859), 2 

We see that Mr. Salamons, the well-known musical composer and conductor, is erecting two neat two-story brick buildings in Mundy street; the contractor, Mr. A. Ford, is rattling them up without loss of time. This is another proof that brick and stone are carrying it against slab and calico, and we only hope that many may be induced to go and do likewise.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 January 1860), 1 

MR. J. W. KOHLER, (Solo Cornet.)

ASSOCIATIONS: Ernest King (violin)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 January 1860), 1 

KOHLER'S UNRIVALLED BAND OF TEN SOLO PERFORMERS, From the Theatres of Sydney, Melbourne, Ballarat, &c.
The First Complete Orchestra ever heard on Sandhurst.
Solo Violin Mons, STREBINGER. Mr. DHERING, the Indian Juggler.
Pianist, MR. SALAMAN. Conductor R. W. KOHLER . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Walter Sherwin (vocalist)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (27 February 1862), 2 

The three performances given in the Theatre Royal, by Sir William and Lady Don, and the powerful company they have brought with them, have already won for them a Tasmanian reputation equal to that which they have achieved in the other colonies . . . We must not omit to award a due meed of praise to the orchestra, led by Mr. Frederick Coppin, and strengthened by the invaluable services of Mr. Salaman at the piano-forte, sufficiently powerful for a house of the dimensions of our pretty theatre, they have been so long accustomed to play together and to accompany Lady Don in her vocal performances, that they furnish a contingent to the completeness of the entertainment which no improvised orchestra, however powerful, could render . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William and Emily Don (actors, vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (14 April 1862), 1

MISS JOEY GOUGENHEIM has arrived in Launceston from Melbourne, and will appear at the Theatre Royal on the Opening Night of the New Season.
MISS KATE WARDE, an Actress of Colonial Celebrity, has also been engaged . . .
together with the TALENTED BALLET TROUPE of the CHAMBERS FAMILY . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Kate Warde (actor, vocalist); Harry Jackson (actor); James Hetters Vinson (actor, manager)

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (11 August 1862), 3 

Saturday night's bill at the Lyceum Theatre was decidedly the best the management have put forward since the re-opening of the theatre. A three-act spectacle, "The Flying Dutchman," commenced the performances, and was well played throughout. The scenery and mechanical effects formed a very prominent feature of the piece, and the care bestowed on these details reflect great credit on the management. The "phantom ship," which forms the background of each last scene, is excellently painted by Mr. Fry. Miss Mathews, and Messrs. Fawcett, Dunn and Milne, had the comic business in their hands, and succeeded in keeping the audience something more than amused. In the first act, the lady sang a verse from "Spells of Memory," a beautiful air composed by our old townsman, Mr. E. Salamans . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Mathews (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 November 1862), 1 

LYCEUM THEATRE. Un-paralleled Success of
During the Burlesque Miss Julia Mathews will introduce several new Songs, and Duet with Miss Salaman . . .

"THE LATE CONCERT. To the Editor of the . . .", Otago Daily Times [Dunedin, NZ] (12 November 1862), 5

SIR, - I was much surprised on looking over the programme of the Concert given yesterday morning, at the Princess Theatre, to find no acknowledgment of the Trio "Sweet is the Breath of Morning," of which I am the composer. I think it would be nothing more than an act of courtesy, on the part of the conductors of a musical entertainment, to acknowledge any part of it that flows from the pen of an Australian musician. I do not intend to discuss its merit, which has already been acknowledged by the press; but, as there have been other pieces of my composition played without acknowledgment, I take this opportunity of expressing a hope that for the future, any legitimate credit or honor attaching to a composition, which is considered worthy to be brought before the public, may be given to the author, whether absent or present. Trusting to your sense of justice to give this a space in your columns. I remain, Sir, Yours respectfully, EDWARD SALAMAN. Dunedin, 11th November, 1862.

[Advertisement], Wellington Independent [NZ] (29 January 1863), 2 

Consisting of MADAME CARANDINI, Prima Donna; MR. W. SHERWIN, [sic] Buffo Vocalist and Delineator of Hibernian Eccentricities; ,
MR. R. W. KOHLER, The Celebrated Instrumentalist and Solo Performer on the Cornet a Piston, French Flageolette, Concertina, Rock Harmonicon, &c; ,
and MR. E. SALAMAN, Pianist, from the Royal Academy of Music London, ,
Will have the honor of appearing at the ODD FELLOWS' HALL, ON FRIDAY and SATURDAY, JANUARY 30th AND 31ST. ,
PROGRAMME. - FRIDAY. - Part I: 1. Introduction - (Instrumental) - Messrs. Kohler and Salaman,
2. Quintette - (Instant Vengeance) - From the Bride of Lammermoor - Madama Carandini, Messrs. Sherwin, Kohler, Small, and Salaman . . .,
Part II. 1. Introduction - (Instrumental) - Messrs. Kohler and Salaman,
2. Trio - (That Time of Year) - Composed by Mr. Edward Salaman - Madame Carandini, and Messrs. Sherwin and Small . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross [Auckland, NZ] (24 March 1863), 1

MR. J. SMALL, Buffo Vocalist, and delineator of Hibernian eccentricities.
MR. R. W. KOHLER, The celebrated Instrumentalist . . .
and MR. EDWARD SALAMAN, From the Royal Academy of Music, London . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . 2. Trio - (Sweet is the breath of Morning), Composed by Mr. Edward Salaman, - Madame Carandini, and Messrs. Sherwin and Small . . .

[News], Otago Daily Times [Dunedin, NZ] (15 July 1863), 4 

The Theatre Royal was re-opened last evening, when the Lancashire Bill Ringers made a most successful appearance . . . Miss Royal, the vocalist of the party, has a good mezzo soprano voice, which she has very fairly under control . . . Mr. E. Salamon was the pianist. Mr. Coppin announces the Bell Ringers as "for six nights only."

ASSOCIATIONS: Lizzie Royal (vocalist); George Coppin (manager)


. . . Then we have the Theatre Royal re-opened under the management of Mr. Coppin, who only arrived two days ago from Sydney, with the Lancashire bellringers, accompanied by Miss Royal and Mr. E. Salaman, vocalists [sic] . . .

"MR. POLLARD'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (2 September 1863), 2 

The concert at the Temperance Hall last night, though attended by a large number of persons, did not compare favorably with the previous efforts of Mr. Pollard and his pupils . . . The overture was succeeded by Sir H. Bishop's glee, "How by day's retiring lamp;" and the next trio, "The magic wove scarce," was omitted, and another (a composition of Mr. Saloman's, some years since a resident on Bendigo), "Sweet is the breath of morning," substituted for it, and very fairly rendered by Miss Haynes, and Messrs. Stewart and Gilbert . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Pollard (musician)

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (1 October 1863), 2

The elegant hall of the Mechanics' Institute was tolerably well filled on Wednesday evening by the delighted audience of the last musical entertainment given by the Howson family in Ballarat . . . Saloman's brilliant trio, "Sweet is the Breath of Morn," was charmingly trolled forth by Miss Emma, and Messrs. F. and J. Howson, and enthusiastically encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson and brother and daughter (vocalists)

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier [QLD] (31 March 1865), 1 

MASON'S CONCERT HALL. Proprietor - Mr. G. B. MASON. Stage Manager - Mr. J. H. VINSON . . .
Leader of Orchestra - Herr Kopp. Musical Conductor - Mr. E. SALAMON.
THE FAREWELL BENEFIT And Last Appearance but one of the accomplished Favorite LADY DON!

ASSOCIATIONS: George Birkbeck Mason (manager); Julius Kopp (violin, leader)


. . . The proceedings, although comprising a large number of toasts, partook of a social and pleasant character - music of an agreeable kind, provided by Messrs. Leech (violin), and Salaman (piano), enhancing the pleasure of the evening, while a number of songs were volunteered and excellently well sung by the members present . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Leech (violinist)

"SHIPPING NEWS. ARRIVED", The Adelaide Express (23 June 1865), 2 

Thursday, June 22 . . . Coorong, steamer, 304 tons, McLean, master, from Melbourne, June 20 . . . Passengers - Lady Don and servant, Miss Howson, Miss C. Howson, Miss Shepparde, Messrs. Wilton, Salaman, F. Howson . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Ballarat Star (29 August 1865), 3 

Lady Don made her re-appearance at the Theatre Royal last night as Josephine, in "The Child of the Regiment" . . . The orchestra, conducted by Mr. Salamon and strengthened by the return of Mr. T. King, gave the incidental music of the pieces in excellent style. The improvement in this respect over the very so-so kind of music generally produced lately at the Royal was too marked not to be noticed and too agreeable not to be welcomed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas King (musician)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (9 November 1865), 2 

The entertainment for this evening promises to be very attractive. It includes "Bombastes Furioso," a burlesque which, like "Thomson's Seasons," is never out of season; an immense variety of choice singing and dancing by the Juvenile Troupe and Mr. Chambers; the whole to conclude with a comic ballet, in which several new and elegantly arranged dances will be introduced. The music for the entertainment has been specially arranged by Mr. Salomon, musical director to Lady Don, and the performance is to be for the benefit of little Marian Nathan.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (26 June 1868), 2 

. . . This evening the lovers of music and the drama will have a great treat in the performance of Lady Don, the talented Howson family, Miss Shepparde, and the musical director, Mr. Salamon. Lady Don is a celebrity, and needs no introduction, her reputation as a comedienne, a ballad singer, and extravaganzist has been recorded in all the eastern colonies . . . The performances this evening are to be Buckstone's musical drama, "The Child of the Regiment," in which Lady Don will play Josephine, and sing "The song of the drum," "Ask me not why," "Search through the wide world," "Rataplan," and "Ever of thee" . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (13 August 1868), 1 

RE-APPEARANCE Of those Talented, Wonderful Petite Artistes
And Mr. EDWARD SALAMAN, The Eminent Pianist and Composer,
(Previous to their Departure for Europe) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nathan family (troupe)

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (26 August 1868), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL. Under the Management of Messrs. Hoskins and Varley . . .
LADY DON, For a limited number of nights . . . MONDAY and TUESDAY, 28th and 29th AUGUST.
The Entertainments will begin with the elegant Operatic Drama in two acts, entitled
THE CHILD OF THE REGIMENT! Josephine - Lady Don.
Concluding with the Classical Burlesque of ORPHEUS AND EURYDICE! Orpheus - Lady Don.
Musical Director, Mr. E. SALAMAN . . .

"THE NATHAN JUVENILE TROUPE", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (9 September 1868), 2 

A further acquaintance with La Petite Marion only strengthens the first impression of her wonderful ability . . . The orchestra is an efficient one, under the direction of Mr. Salaman, and the music - vocal and instrumental - is no mean portion of the entertainment . . .

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (25 December 1868), 3 

Musical Director, Mr. E. Salamon; Leader, Mr. C. Eigenschenck . . .
To-moorow Evening, Saturday, Boxing Night . . . Concluding with the Grand Chistmas Pantomime,
Music composed and arranged by Messrs Salamon and Eigenschenck . . .

[News], West Coast Times [Hokitika, NZ] (5 January 1869), 2 

The entertainment at the Duke of Edinburgh Theatre last evening passed oft most successfully. This evening La Petite Marion takes her Benefit . . . and the entertainment will conclude with a Musical Burletta, composed by Mr. Salamon, entitled "The Sentinel" . . .

"THE NATHAN TROUPE", Daily Southern Cross [Auckland, NZ] (12 March 1869), 3 

There was a crowded house at the Prince of Wales Theatre last evening, to accord a hearty welcome to those old Auckland favourites, the Nathan Troupe. No one who has ever seen the performance of that clever little prodigy of histrionic talent, Miss Marion, will be likely to forget the pleasure derived from listening to her inimitable songs, or witnessing her intensely humorous acting. The performance commence! with a magnificent overture, presided over by the musical director of the troupe, Mr. Edward Salaman . . .

"THEATRICALS IN NEW ZEALAND", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (4 November 1869), 2 

. . . Mr. Thatcher followed close on the heels of Mr. Talbot at the Hall [Odd-fellows' Hall, Wellington], and made a great hit as a clever vocalist. Thatcher's company consisted of an old Melbourne favorite, Joe Small, Mr. Daniels as baritone, and Mr. E. Salamon as pianist.

[News], Westport Times [Westport, NZ] (25 November 1869), 2 

The Thatcher-cum-Small-cum-Daniels-cum-Salamon's entertainment at the Masonic Hall on Tuesday and Wednesday evenings considerably exceeded expectations, and, with the general knowledge which there is as to the abilities of three out of the four, that is saying a great deal . . . Altogether, and especially with. Mr. Salamon's accompaniment, the Thatcher concerts were a success . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (21 September 1876), 1

SALAMON. - On the 19th inst., at his residence, Mundy street, Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salamon, pianist, after a severe and protracted illness. New Zealand papers please copy.

"Deaths", The Argus (25 September 1876), 1 

SALAMAN. - On the 10th inst., at Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salaman, pianist, brother to Mrs. A. Alexander, Bridge-road, Richmond. Deeply lamented.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 January 1877), 3 

[A CARD.] MRS. SELINA SALAMON, of Royal Academy of Music, London, Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing, is prepared to Receive a Limited Number of Pupils.
Residence - Mundy-street, Sandhurst.

"MARRIAGES", Bendigo Advertiser (30 November 1877), 2

On the 20th November, at Mount Pleasant House, View street, Sandhurst, by Rev. J. Stone, Morris Samuel, Esq., J.P., to Annie, relict of the late Edward Salamon.

"MUSIC", Bendigo Advertiser (22 January 1878), 2

Mrs. Selina Salamon notifies that she will resume tuition on Thursday next.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1878), 1 

MRS. SELINA SALAMON, of Royal Academy of Music, London, Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing, is prepared to Receive a Limited Number of Pupils; Residence-Mundy-street, Sandhurst.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1878), 9

MRS. SELINA SALAMON, of Royal Academy of Music, London and Victoria, is prepared to give instructions in Singing and Music to Pupils at their residences. All applications at Mr. HAINS', Stationer, George-street.

"BILLEE TAYLOR", Bendigo Advertiser (21 May 1881), 1

. . . Mr. Edward Salamon, who has written a new comic opera entitled "Billee Taylor," founded on a very old English song bearing the same title . . . Mr. Salamon's work has a slight local interest by reason of his being a son of Mr. Charles Salamon, the twin brother of the late Mr. Edward Salamon, of Sandhurst, so well and favorably known in the musical circles of the colony in the old days. His conduct of the line concerts in the old Shamrock, his connection as musical director for Lady Don, live in the sweet memories of the past, whilst his compositions live and keep his memory green. His dance-music has always been appreciated, and among his many songs there is one which few will fail to remember: "Sweet is the breath of morn," which has so much of sweet simple tunefulness in it as to preclude the possibility of its ever being omitted from the musical bouquet. A musical genius seems to pervade the family of the Salamons, and, for the sake of our old identity, we hope "Billee Taylor" will meet with as much favor in the colony as in England and America.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Solomon (nephew, composer); Billie Taylor (operetta)

"DIAMOND WEDDING", Bendigo Advertiser (26 August 1881), 2

. . . Mr. Lewis Lewis and Mrs. Louisa Lewis, of Mollison-street, Sandhurst, were the happy couple last evening, to the sixtieth anniversary of whose wedding honor was done . . . The former was born in Rochester, Kent, in 1783, and the latter is also a native of the same town, having been born in 1801 . . . Mr. Lewis was 75 years of age when he left England. Of the nine children living, two are in England, three in Dunedin, and four in Sandhurst. Amongst the latter are Mrs. M. Samuel and Mr. F. B. Lewis, both well known residents . . . The diamond wedding last evening was largely attended, there being over 250 persons present. The proceedings passed off with the greatest eclat, and the arrangements were made on a magnificent scale . . . Mr. H. Monaghan's band performed all the latest dance music in their usual excellent manner. A special feature was the playing of the "Inglewood waltz" and "Annie schottische". Both pieces are the composition of the late Mr. Edward Salamon, formerly a resident of Sandhurst, and son-in-law to Mr. and Mrs. Lewis. Mr. Salamon's abilities as a composer were well known in this city, but his chief productions were composed at home. He was uncle to Mr. E. Salamon, composer of the world-renowned nautical operetta, "Billee Taylor". The "Inglewood waltz" is a very taking melody, and when played with the full band accompaniments has a very pretty effect. The "Annie schottische" is a sparkling composition . . .

"DIAMOND WEDDING AT SANDHURST", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (10 September 1881), 293 (portrait), 294 

[294] . . . Amongst the music performed for the dances were several pieces composed by the late Edward Salamon, a son-in-law of the venerable couple, and uncle of the composer of the nautical opera "Billy Taylor" . . .

"AN AUSTRALIAN COMPOSER", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (24 March 1883), 3 

The following appeared in a portion of an issue of THE HERALD: -

We have received a number of the compositions of the late Mr. Edward Salamon, of Sandhurst, who will be remembered by many of our readers as the musical director of Lady Don's Troupe. The consignment consists of six songs and a trio, and they have all been published by Mr. F. B. Lewis, of Sandhurst, in conjunction with Mr. Joseph Williams, of Cheapside, London. As the work of an Australian composer they would demand special consideration under any circumstances, and it is extremely pleasant to be able to say that they fully deserve the attention of all lovers of attractive drawing-room music. In some instances the words are by the composer, in others the verses have been supplied by other persons. In all cases the music is appropriate and within the reach of singers of moderate ability. Such a batch of songs would excite interest any where, and they should certainly gain a fair amount of patronage here.

1. Spells of Memory, Key D flat, common time. Compass E flat to F. A smooth flowing melody with an easy accompaniment, and suitable for any ordinary voice.

2. Solitude. Poetry by Henry Kirke White. Key D, common time. Compass D to E. A more ambitious and slightly more difficult composition of a plaintive character, suitable for a contralto or baritone.

3. Spring Blossoms. Verses by T. Moser. Key D, 2-4 time. Compass E to E. A light easy little drawing room song.

4. Katty's Farewell for Australia. Words by F. D. Hamilton. Mr. Hamilton has written some graceful and sympathetic lines expressive of the regret with which an Irish girl takes leave of her mother at home to join her lover in Australia. The brogue is not perfect, but it very seldom is well rendered in print, and the specimen will pass muster fairly all except the rhyme of "Shabane" with "Colleen." The word meant is probably shebean - a drinking shop - but that would not rhyme with Colleen either as the correct pronunciation of the latter word is Col-yeen, the two "ll"s sounding in Irish as they do in French. The air is almost national in its style, being in 6-8 time, in the key of G. The song has a compass of from D to D, but alternative notes are added enabling the singer who has the advantage of an extensive compass to sing up to G above the line or down to the lower G at pleasure. The accompaniment is easy.

5. The Philanthropist. This song is dedicated to the Masonic fraternity, and is an exception to the general run of Masonic songs in the fact that there is nothing stilted or strained about it. The words are really far better than the average of such compositions, as the verse quoted will show,

It needs not great wealth a kind heart to display,
If the hand be but willing it soon finds a way,
And the poorest one yet in the humblest abode,
May help a pour brother a step on his road.
Whatever the fortune a man may have won,
A kindness depends on the way it is done,
And though poor be our poise and though narrow the span,
Let us all try to do a good turn when we can.

The melody is in the key of D, 2-4 time, the movement is sufficiently spirited, and the compass, D to D, is within the means of everyone who can sing at all.

6. The Noble Volunteers. Poetry, by J. Mullholland. Key of C, common time. Compass, C to D. The air is better than the words, which are but poor. The spirit of the song, however, will make it welcome, and it is easy to sing and play.

7. Sweet is the Breath of Morning, trio, with solos for soprano and bass, duet for tenor or second soprano and bass, and harmonised chorus for soprano, second soprano or tenor and bass. This is a pretty and meritorious composition which, from its simplicity and suitability for drawing-room singers will probably be much liked. It is in the key of C, 6-8 time, and well within the compass of ordinary voices.

"NEW MUSIC", Bendigo Advertiser (26 March 1883), 2 

We have been favored by Mr. F. B. Lewis with some copies of ballad music, the composition of the late Mr. Edward Salamon, whom old Bendigonians will remember as closely allied to matters musical in the early times of Bendigo. He was also musical director to Lady Don, and other prominent members of the theatrical profession. His talent as a musician and composer was generally recognised, and for years he occupied a foremost position in the musical world. The ballads before us are of a varied character. "The Philanthropist" and "Spells of Memory," words and music by Mr. Salamon; "Katty's Fare well for Australia," words by F. D. Hamilton, "The Noble Volunteers," words by J. Mulholland, "Spring Blossoms," words by T. Moser; "Solitude," words by Henry Kirk White. Each is melodious, and while attractive and tuneful, possess traces of a character that stamps them as the words of no ordinary composer of ballads. "Sweet is the breath of morning," a trio, is especially pretty, and of good musical quality. The pieces named will be found an agreeable addition to any collection of music, as in addition to being pleasing they will be found good studies from a musical point of view.

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (4 April 1883), 6

Under this heading, we beg to acknowledge, from the Australian publisher, Mr. F. B. Lewis, of Sandhurst, the receipt of six songs and one trio, the composition of the late Mr. Edward Salamon, of Sandhurst. The works are printed in London by Joseph Williams, of 23 Berners Street W. and 123 Cheapside E.C., and are published also at those addresses. Those who remember the Bendigo diggings, and the earliest days of Sandhurst from 1852 downwards, cannot fail to have some recollection of the talented composer of these pieces, of whose presence amongst them the musical residents of the latter place were justly proud in those now distant days. He was musical director for Lady Don and other celebrities in the lime when the two Shamrocks, one at Sandhurst and the other at Epsom, were nightly giving admirable concerts under the management of Messrs. Heffernan and Crowley, when all the great singers of the day took their turn of duty in the golden city, and when Lavenu and Pollard were the leading accompanists, and when Salamon was their equal in talent in every respect.

"The Philanthropist" is a song dedicated to the Masonic fraternity, set in the key of D major, 2-4 time, andante, and suited for voices of limited range.

"The Noble Volunteers" is a song composed to words written by J. Mulholland. The music is in the key of C major, marziale, compass from C to E - 10 notes. From the tone of the words this would seem to have been written about the time of the Crimean war, and the treatment of the music is quite conventional.

"The Spells of Memory" is a graceful movement of grave character, in the key of D flat major - common time - compass E flat to F, nine notes.

"Solitude" is a song composed on the words of Henry Kirk White, and is a symmetrical and gracious tune in the key of D major, in common time, Doloroso, compass D to E, nine notes.

"Spring Blossom," the words by T. Moser, is a very pretty movement, Andante Cantabile, in 2-4 time, in the key of D major, compass E to E, eight notes, and is admirably sustained by a full but not difficult arpeggio accompaniment.

"Katty's Farewell for Australia" belongs to class of composition which was highly popular at the time it was written, and the characteristics of this class are very faithfully preserved, without any trace of plagiarism. The words by F. D. Hamilton are such as an Englishman might write when struggling to imitate Irish humour of the comico-pathetic kind. The music is in the key of G major. 6-8 time moderate. The song is so arranged that either the G above or the G below the treble stave may be taken, according to the quality of the voice engaged.

"Sweet is the Breath of Morning" is a trio for three voices, S T B or S S B, written and composed by Edward Salamon - a work that we have known for so many years and admire so greatly that we do not hesitate to call it one of the most charming of its class, and to recommend it accordingly.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Mulholland (lyricist); Frederick Dicker Hamilton (lyricist); Thomas Moser (lyricist, see on Populaire, as below)

"AN OLD BENDIGONIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1884), 2

"Blossoms of Springtide," a song composed by the late Mr. E. Salaman, and lately published in London, has been brought into prominence in Sydney by being introduced in the new opera, Moser and McLean's "Populaire." The sweetness of the melody has hit the popular taste, and the streets of Sydney resound with it from the lips of those who indulge in whistling. Other compositions of the late Mr. Salamon have commanded the sympathy of the public, but now that he is dead the hitherto unpublished works of his musical brain seem destined to perpetuate his memory.

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 October 1910), 9 

SAMUEL - On the 18th October, at her residence, Marysville, 37 Vale street, St. Kilda, Annie, relict of the late Morris Samuel, J.P. (No flowers by request.)

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (19 October 1910), 5 

The death occurred yesterday at St. Kilda of Mrs. Morris Samuel, widow of the late Mr. Morris Samuel, J.P., at one time a well-known resident of Bendigo. She was a daughter of the late Mr. Lewis Lewis, of "Lewis and Louisa" Villa. The funeral is announced to take place to-morrow to the White Hills Cemetery on the arrival of the afternoon train from Melbourne.

"ANNALS OF BENDIGO (By G. MACKAY)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 April 1913), 3 

. . . We have received the following further letter from Mr. H. H. Wickes -
"Traralgon, 12/4/13. Dear sir - . . . When I first arrived in Bendigo, in the latter part of 1857, Thatcher's greatest draw was the 'Bullock Creek picnic,' which had occurred shortly before I arrived, and it drew immense houses nightly at the Shamrock . . . On the same page you make mention of Sir William and Lady Don at the Lyceum in "The Daughter of the Regiment" and "Rough Diamond." They also brought out the burlesque of "Aladdin or the Wonder ful Scamp" for the first time (I think). I was playing in the orchestra at the time with Mr. Solomon, of Bridge-street, as leader, Thatcher (flautist), Nat Hallis [sic, Hallas] (cornet), old Jimmy Warden (who was a great character at that time, double bass viol). I forget who was the violinist. Thatcher had been on a trip up about Deniliquin just before that time, and brought me piece of myall wood, from which I had made (to special order) a pair of beautiful drum sticks, and Lady Don (in her character of the "Daughter of the Regiment,") took such a fancy to them that I was perforce bound to make her a present of them, which I did . . .
Harlow H. Wickes."

ASSOCIATIONS: Harlow Hine Wicks (orchestral drummer, memorist)


. . . Early in 1854 Mr. Salaman, a fine musician and pianist, gave us a startling novelty. He had arranged the overtures to "Zampa" and "Der Freischutz" for six pianos. These were played by Messrs. Salaman, White, Tolhurst, Smith, Elsasser, and George. The performance was very skilful, but was, of course noisy and lacking in the colour given by the instruments in the original setting. I do not think the experiment was repeated . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Montague (musician)

Extant musical works:

Sweet is the breath of morning, trio composed by Edward Salamon (of Australia) (London: Joseph Williams; Sandhurst: F. B. Lewis, [1883]) 

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Baruch Lewis (publisher, Salamon's brother-in-law)

Bibliography and resources:

Jason Tomes, "Solomon, Edward [Teddy] (1855-1895)", Oxford dictionary of national biography (online 2007) (PAYWALL)

SALIER, George (George SALIER)

Amateur vocalist, merchant, politician

Born London, England, 11 December 1814; baptised Sion chapel, Mile End, 30 March 1815; son of George SALIER (1778-1848) and Ann HAYATT (c. 1788-1865)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1840
Married (1) Georgina Ann BUSH (d. 1845), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 30 May 1842
Married (2) Harriet Mary WILLIS (d. 1902), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 5 March 1846
Died Hobart, TAS, 11 June 1892 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

SALIER, James Ebenezer (James Ebenezer SALIER; J. E. SALIER; Mr. SALIER)

Amateur vocalist, choir leader, choirmaster, merchant

Born London, England, 1819; son of George SALIER (1778-1848) and Ann HAYATT (c. 1788-1865)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 February 1839 (per James, from London and Gravesend, 20 September)
Married Emily Mary ALLEN, Melville Street Wesleyan chapel, Hobart, TAS, 16 October 1850
Died Hobart, TAS, 17 August 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

SALIER, Emily Mary (Emily Mary ALLEN; Mrs. James SALIER)

Amateur musician, organist, pianist

Born ? 1815; ? 1819
Married James Ebenezer SALIER, Melville Street Wesleyan chapel, Hobart, TAS, 16 October 1850 (aged "31")
Died Hobart, TAS, 4 February 1893, aged "78" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SALIER, John Jabez (John Jabez SALIER; J. J. SALIER; Mr. SALIER)

Musician, conductor, singing class teacher, vocal class instructor, baritone vocalist, pianist, viola player, lecturer

Born London, England, 12 December 1821 (date on headstone); son of George SALIER (1778-1848) and Ann HAYATT (c. 1788-1865)
Married (1) Christiana REYNOLDS (c. 1820-1861), Gravesend, Kent, England, 1846 (4th quarter)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 8 December 1850 (per Windermere, from Plymouth, 21 August)
Married (2) Emma Charlotte CLARKE, St. John the Baptist's church, Hobart, TAS, 10 May 1862
Died Arncliffe, NSW, 27 October 1884, aged "64" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

George Salier, c. 1880s (photo: J. W. Beattie)

George Salier, c. 1890 (photo: J. W. Beattie)$init=AUTAS001136191566 (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Watt Beattie (photographer)


The four Salier brothers - William (1812-1899), George (1814-1892), James (c. 1819-1894) and John (1821-1884) - all emigrated from England to Tasmania. They were sons of George Salier (1778-1848), senior, an Independent (Congregational) clergyman, and his wife Ann Hayatt (c. 1788-1865), who had married at St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, in 1802. James was first to arrive in Hobart, in 1839, followed by George in 1840.

James and George were members of the Hobart Town Choral Society in the 1840s, and much later, in the early 1860s, all three brothers and James's wife Emily were members of the Hobart Town Glee Club.

James and Emily, meanwhile, served for many years respectively as choirmaster and organist of the Davey-street Congregational church.

John and his first wife Christiana, and their two children, Jonathan and Agnes, had arrived in Hobart by mid October 1850, having previously lived at Gravesend in Kent.

John was conducting a singing class, on John Hullah's system, at Hobart's Mechanics' Institute in April 1851, as well as giving musical entertainments; he continued the class into 1853 with the help of William Russell. He also lectured on music, as well as a variety of other subjects - from steam shipping and physical geography to the poetry of William Cowper and "The philosophy of common things" - for the Institute, of which he was an active committee member.

Widowed in 1861, John remarried in 1862, and the following year resettled in Sydney, NSW. He died there in 1884.


Rules and regulations of the Hobart Town Choral Society, established at Hobart Town, January, 1843 (Hobart Town: Advertiser, 1847) 

ASSOCIATIONS: Hobart Town Choral Society (organisation)

Register of baptisms, Princes Street Independent chapel, Gravesend; Register 1837-55; UK National Archives, RG 4, 1110 (PAYWALL)

Jonathan Edwards, son of John Jabez Salier, and Christiana his wife (formerly Christiana Reynolds) of the Parish of Gravesend, was born November 27: 1847 and was baptized February 20: 1848 by me John Tippetts. (PAYWALL)

Agnes Christiana, daughter of John Jabez Salier and Christiana his wife (formerly Christiana Reynolds) was born May 4: 1849 and was baptized December 16: 1849 by me John Tippetts.

"GRAVESEND . . . THE PRINCES STREET CHAPEL DAY SCHOOLS", South Eastern Gazette (26 December 1848), 5 (PAYWALL)

On Wednesday last, an examination of the boys educated at the day school, in connexion with Princes-street chapel, took place. We were much gratified at the results of the education which is placed within the reach of the poorest families. There are, understand, on an average, 160 boys attending the school, which is conducted by Mr. Salier, but in consequence of the illness of the schoolmistress, there was no examinations of the girls' school . . . The pupils sung several pieces, concluding with the national anthem very fairly . . .

1850, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:840331; RGD37/1/9 no 562$init=RGD37-1-9P226 (DIGITISED)

[no.] 115 / October 16th 1850 Melville Street Chapel / James Ebenezer Salier / 32 / Merchant . . . Bachelor / . . .
Emily Mary Allen / 31 / - / . . . widow . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 October 1850), 3 

EDUCATION. MR. J. J. SALIER, lately arrived from England, begs to inform the inhabitants of Battery Point and its vicinity, that he will commence a DAY SCHOOL for Children, in the School Room, Hampden Road, on Monday the 21st instant.
The School will be conducted on the British System of Instruction, which has the sanction and support of the most eminent men of our age. Mr. Salier having been specially educated for the office of Instructor and for the last eleven years been engaged in several eminent Educational Institutions in England, trusts that he will gain the approbation of those who may entrust their children to his care.
The course of Instruction will embrace Reading, Writing, Mental and State Arithmetic, Spelling from Dictation, English Grammar, Geography, Elements of Natural History and Natural Philosophy, &c. and when required, Map and Linear Drawing and Vocal Music.
Studious attention will be paid to the moral deportment of the Pupils, and every facility afforded for their intellectual advancement.
Terms, moderate and may be known on application to Mr. Salier, Battery Point, or at the School Room.
Mr. Salier has testimonials from clergymen and other gentlemen in England, which he will be happy to submit to any person who may wish to see them.
October 15, 1850.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 December 1850), 3

BEGS to intimate to heads of families and principals of schools, that he gives lessons in the art of Singing by notes.
The system adopted is Hullah's, a special certificate having been granted Mr. Salier by Mr. Hullah, certifying his skill and competency to give instruction on the method.
The Congregational Psalmody Class, held at Brisbane-street Chapel every Tuesday evening, and conducted by him, have just entered on the second month of their practice.
Admission, on application at the School-room to Mr. S. Terms, 2s. 6d. per month.
Mr. S., from the widely extended practice he has had in teaching the above delightful art, is enabled to guarantee to persons undertaking the course of lessons that they shall at the close of them be enabled to sing from music correctly at sight without any instrumental aid whatever.
TERMS: Each individual - 1 1 0 per quarter.
Two in family - 0 15 0 ditto
Three ditto - 0 13 4 ditto
Above that number - 0 10 0 ditto.
A private class will be held at his residence, No. 43, Collins-street, commencing on Thursday evening, January 2, 1851, at half-past 7 o'clock; or, for ladies only, at 6 o'clock.
Early application will be necessary, December 20, 1850.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hullah (English singing class teacher)

1851, births in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:954894; RGD33/1/4/ no 126$init=RGD33-1-4-P342 (DIGITISED)

No. 126 / January 21st / Agnes Elizabeth / Female / [of] John Jabez Salier / Christiana Salier / Schoolmaster / . . . 43 Collins Street . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (29 April 1851), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. Classes for the Session of 1851.
THE COMMITTEE of the Van Diemen's Land Mechanics' Institute, Melville-street, beg to notify the following arrangements of the classes for the ensuing session:-
Singing Class - A class conducted by Mr. John Salier, for imparting instruction in singing on Hullah's system, will be opened on Thursday, May 1st; to be continued on the Thursday evenings throughout the session . . .
S. T. HARDINGE, Secretary . . .

"THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTION", Colonial Times (29 April 1851), 2

We beg to draw the attention of our readers to the advertisement of this useful Institution which appears in another column. We can add nothing to what we have so frequently urged in favor of it, of its utility in a city like ours, too much cannot be said. The coming session will be opened on Tuesday evening at half-past seven o'clock by the assembling of the singing class conducted by Mr. John Salier, on Hullah's system . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 June 1851), 3 

St. David's Grammar School. THIS, SCHOOL, for YOUNG GENTLEMEN, will be commenced in that excellent ROOM, known as the TASMANIAN ACADEMY, at the corner of Harrington and Macquarie Streets, on Tuesday, July 8, 1851.
MR. J. J. SALIER, on removing his present School to the above-mentioned building, takes this opportunity of thanking those parents who have entrusted him with children, for their patronage and support . . .

"INTELLECTUAL AND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Colonial Times (17 October 1851), 3

We regret that our limited space will only admit of a very imperfect notice of the musical performance of last evening, at the Mechanics' Institute, in the presence of a crowded and highly respectable assembly. The Rev. Curator commenced the entertainment by reading a suitable lecture in which the origin and progress of music as an art were comprehensively viewed; the subject was composed by a professional, Mr. John Salier, under whose able management the performances of the Amateur Choir were conducted. The choice selections from eminent authors served to illustrate in a pleasing manner the different styles of the musical art which had been practised in successive ages. The dramatic and operatic styles were particularly gratifying and obtained rapturous plaudits. The Witches Glee was sung by three voices, softly accompanied by the instrumental, with excellent taste and soul-stirring effect. A Glee by Spofforth, to the words of "Hail, smiling morn," was marked for its enlivening harmony. The Recitative air which followed was a touching portrait of the feelings of a soldier on the field of conflict. His monotonous strains and the din of war suggested painful emotions. This was succeeded by another Glee of a totally opposite character, consisting of parts composed of so many different melodies set to the rhyme of "Come, let us all a Maying go." Indeed throughout, the performances evidenced a highly cultivated taste and familiar acquaintance with the musical art. The harmonious festivity terminated by singing in full chorus the National Anthem in which all present united, and after giving three cheers for the Queen the assembly broke up. We believe this entertainment was mainly indebted to the zeal of Mr. J. Salier, conductor, and W. G. Elliston, Esq., and others whose names we are not at liberty to mention. We trust the public will request a frequent repetition of such delightful and exhilirating recreations.

"LECTURE AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (18 October 1851), 3 

On Thursday evening last, the Rev. Mr. Wade delivered a lecture on "Music," to a highly respectable and crowded audience. The lecture was written, by Mr. J. J. Salier, professor of music, and delivered by the Curator, in a style that reflected credit on the writer and lecturer. Both vocal and instrumental illustrations were given of different styles, and performed in a manner that convinced the audience that a master mind must have "got up" so splendid an entertainment, which delighted all those who had the good luck to be present upon the occasion. We do not recollect any lecture bring delivered in this colony which was more fashionably attended, or one which gave more general satisfaction to those present, and we are sure it will enhance Mr. Salier much in public opinion, as a musician in the fullest sense of the word, the lecture that was delivered, on Thursday evening, at the Mechanics' Institute. The lecture concluded with "God save the Queen," which was well sung by the ladies and gentlemen amateurs who lent their valuable assistance upon the occasion, the last verse of which was taken up and repeated by the large concourse of persons present, which had a pleasing effect . . . We trust Mr. Salier will give another lecture upon music before the session terminates, as many were prevented from being present, on Thursday evening, as the Institute was too crowded to admit all who wished to be present upon the occasion.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Richard Wade (reader); William Gore Elliston (? amateur vocalist)

"MUSICAL LECTURE", Colonial Times (13 February 1852), 3

The musical performances of Mr. John Salier, professional, and his friends, at the Mechanics' Hall, for the benefit of the Institute, on the 10th instant, gave unqualified satisfaction to a numerous and highly respectable audience. The excellent lecture, previously composed by Mr. Salier, suitably introduced the different pieces, and was read by the Curator. The subjects embraced were treated with much ability, and comprehended a general review of the music of the 18th century. Copious illustrations were supplied from the works of those renowned masters of the science, Handel, Kent, Vanhall, Calcott, Cherubini, and others of equal celebrity. The programme comprised the following choice selections;- The Overture, by Handel; anthem, "Blessed be thou," by Kent; Motet, "Go not far," by Zingarelli; Chorale, "Since on the Cross," by Luther; the Russian Melody "Give us peace in our time, O Lord," concluded the first part, followed by protracted applause from the audience. The second part opened with a sweet symphony, by Vanhall; and succeeded by a favorite piece of Calcott's, "Forgive blest shade" and two part songs by Cherubini and Gluck. The next piece, "Mad Tom," by Purcell, brought into requisition the highly cultivated powers of Mr. Salier, who sang it with admirable taste, accompanied by the piano, Mrs. James Salier presiding, to whose valuable services on this and a previous occasion, the Institute is much indebted. A Glee, "Here in cool Grot," by Lord Mornington, was sung amid bursts of applause; next came "May-day," a holiday song, by Neithart; the performance of the evening closing with that famous national song, " Rule Britannia," the words to which were expressly written and have already appeared in this journal. This piece throughout was received with the warmest enthusiasm. After thanks had been accorded by the Rev. W. R. Wade to the choir for their performance, the meeting dispersed. It is but proper to record that Mr. Salier was ably assisted by Mr. Vautin, (violincello) Mr. Elliott, (flute) Mr. Duly, (first violin) and other friends. From the attendance, we should think that the Institute derived ample funds for the purpose for which the evening's entertainment was so liberally given.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Vautin (cello); Henry Elliot (flute); Abraham Philip Duly (violin)

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Courier (7 July 1852), 3 

Two Lectures have been last delivered before the members of the Mechanics' Institution of this City by the Rev. R. K. Ewing, of Launceston, the first on the "Purpose and Working of Mechanics' Institutions," and the second on the "Crystal Palace and the Ragged Schools" . . . Before leaving the lecture table, the Rev. Mr. Ewing read a letter which had been forwarded to him by Messrs. Salier and Vautin, which stated, that, in consequence of some observations which had fallen from him on his first lecture, they were willing to render their services, and invite the co-operation and union with them of the members of the Institute, for the purpose of cultivating the science of music, independent of the class for vocal and instrumental instruction already established, and to give periodical concerts, &c. in the Hall. The proposition was warmly advocated by the Rev. Gentleman, and the views of the volunteers were further explained by the Rev. Mr. Wade, and well received.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Kirkwood Ewing (lecturer)

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE - MRS. DAWSON'S GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (28 October 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3

A MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT Will be given under the conduct of MR. SALIER.
Overture-" Caliph of Bagdad"- Pianoforte, violin, 2nd ditto, viola, violincello, ophecleide, and clarionette - BOILDIEU.
Glee - "The Fairies" - CALLCOTT.
Ballad - "The Old Arm Chair" - Mrs. Dawson - H. RUSSELL.
Song - "The Spirit of Good" - Master Tapfield - A. LEE.
Duett - "Gently sighs the evening breeze" - Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Salier - C. GLOVER.
Glee - "Come let us all a Maying go" - ATTERBURY.
Ballad - " The Slave Mother" - Mrs. Dawson - G. LINLEY.
Duett - "When the Moonlight streaming" - The Misses Hall - BOILDIEU.
Song - "The Land" - Mr. Salier - NEWKOMM.
Galop - "Gustavus" - AUBER.
Overture - "Loidoiska" - KREUTZER.
Duett - "A Voice from the Waves" - Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Salier - C. GLOVER.
Glee - "The May Fly" - CALLCOTT.
Trio - "Marked you her eye of Heavenly blue" - The Misses Hall and Mr. Salier - SPOFFORTH.
Chorus - "May Day" - NEITHART.
Song - "I'm a Merry Zingaree" - Mrs. Dawson - BALFE.
Glee - "Awake, AEolian Lyre" - DANBY.
Trio and Chorus - "The Chough and Crow" - Mrs. Dawson, Mr. Fryer, and Mr. Salier - BISHOP.
Duett - "From our Merry Swiss Home" - Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Salier - GLOVER.
Glee - "Strike the Harp in praise of Bragela" - R. S. STEVENS.
National Anthem.
Leader - MR. RUSSELL.
Conductor - MR. JOHN SALIER . . .
WILLIAM MILNER, Secretary . . .


The annual lecture season, which is always looked forward to with no ordinary degree of interest, came to a close last Thursday night. The idea of having a grand instrumental and vocal entertainment to close the session was most appropriate, and as the sequel will show, has been most successfully carried out. The musical entertainment had been announced for some weeks, and was anticipated with considerable interest. Long before seven o'clock (it was to commence at half past) a great number of persons were waiting for admittance, and soon after the doors were opened, the lecture hall was filled in every part, by the elite of the youth and beauty of Hobart. A more crowded audience had never filled the hall, many persons being refused admittance. Some who were determined to hear climbed to the open windows outside the building.

After repeated "calls" from the audience the performers made their appearance, Mr. Salier briefly explained that the entertainment had been postponed in consequence of Mrs. Dawson's concert occurring on the evening on which it was originally advertised; and a further delay had occurred in consequence of the illness of two young ladies who were expected to take part. He concluded by hoping the audience would judge kindly of the bashful amateurs.

The principal performers were Mrs. Dawson, Miss M. and Miss A. Hall, the former alto, the latter treble; Mr. Fryer, bass and second violinist; Master Tapfield, soprana; Masters W. and H. Henry, the former treble and the latter alto; Mr. Vautin played the violincello. Mr. Russell was the leader, aided by Mr. Harris, who had kindly volunteered his services on the occasion. Mr. Singer performed on the second violin. Mr. Salier conducted and had the management of the whole, as well as performed on the viola. To his persevering efforts much of the success of the concert was owing, and his object was successfully gained. The other instruments were an ophecleide and cornopean. The piano part wai most ably executed by a lady who had previously kindly consented to do so.

The programme was varied and good. The overtures "Caliph of Bagdad" and "Loidoiska," along with Auber's galop "Gustavus," were admirably and harmoniously executed by all the instruments, the galop being given in a spirited and lively manner. The glees "The Fairies," "Come let us all a Maying go," "The May Fly," "Awake, AEolian Lyre," and "Strike the Harp in praise of Bragela," were all well given; as also the chorus, "May Day," by the Misses Hall, Masters Tapfield and the brothers Henry, aided by Mr. Salier and Mr. Fryer, accompanied by the piano and Mr. Russell's violin. The first was somewhat tremulously commenced, but gradually they gained confidence; and the latter pieces were given with considerable effect. Mr. Fryer, as bass, took necessarily a somewhat prominent part [3] which he very creditably executed. Mr. Salier as conductor, rendered no small service to the young ladies and gentlemen.

Mrs. Dawson, who accompanied herself on the piano, is becoming more of a favorite with the public every time the appears before them, sang Eliza Cook's ballad of "The old Arm chair," in a most correct and feeling manner. She appears to be more capable of giving ballads of a plaintive character, than descriptive pieces; certainly they tell more upon the audience. "The Slave Mother" for instance, has a great depth of feeling in it, which Mrs. Dawson gave very effectively. Both these ballads were loudly applauded, and called for a second time, which was very judiciously declined. "I'm a merry Zingaree," a lively song, was imperatively demanded a second time, and the request was partly acceded to. The duetts, "Gently sighs the evening breeze," and "From our merry Swiss Home," both by Charles Glover, were given by Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Salier, the former in a pleasing sweet manner, the latter lively and spirited.

Master Tapfield sang Lee's song, "The Spirit of Good: very creditably; it was quite natural that he should be somewhat timid at first, but that gradually wore off, and he triumphantly went through with it.

The duett, "When the moonlight streaming," and the trio, "Marked you her eyes of heavenly blue," sung by the Misses Hall, were very much applauded. The two young ladies, as might be expected, at first were somewhat nervous; but, as the pieces became more spirited, that wore off, add they sang with ease.

Mr. Salier gave the song of the "Land" in a clear, lively manner. He has great power over his voice, which is not only clear, but of considerable volume. The audience loudly applauded and encored the song of the "Land," and Mr. Salier wisely gave its opposite, "The Sea," which was also effectively given, and loudly applauded.

Two pieces, in which Mrs. Dawson was to have taken part, were omitted, in consequence of the lateness of the hour, and the heat of the hall. Mrs. Dawson took the lead in " The National Anthem," which was sung by all the vocalists, accompanied by the instruments.

When the concert was over Joseph Hone, Esq., stepped forward, and said they had never such a lecture before (cheers.) If that was not the way to do good be did not know what was (continued cheering.) He stated the satisfaction he felt by listening to the concert, and expressed a hope that it would not be the last (cheers.) He then moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Salier and the ladies and gentlemen who had assisted him, for the successful manner in which the concert had been given. (Applause.) Twice three hearty cheers were then given. Three cheers were also given for Mr. Hone as chairman.

Mr. Salier in returning thanks said, both himself and the ladies and gentlemen who acted with him, felt deeply the honor that had been done them. He hoped that would not be the last concert (cheers.) He intended to propose a choral class in connection with the institute, and then there might be concerts quarterly, or oftener (renewed cheering.) After apologising for the omission of two pieces, he resumed his seat amid loud cheers. The company then separated after having enjoyed one of the best concerts given in that hall.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Hone (chairman); Sarah Dawson (vocalist); James Robertson Fryer (bass vocalist and second violin); Frederick Tapfield (boy soprano vocalist); William Wilkins Russell (first violin, leader); John Macdonald Singer (second violin)

MUSIC: The land (Neukomm); The sea (Neukomm)

[Advertisement], The Courier (18 March 1854), 3 

MUSIC. A CLASS for the Practice of Vocal and Instrumental Music will he formed at the above Institution, under the direction of Mr. J. J. Salier.
It is proposed that the first meeting shall take place on FRIDAY, the 7th of April, at Seven o'clock p.m.
Fee to the Class for Subscribers 1s. 6d. per month for Non-subscribers 3s. per month.
By order of the Committee. WILLIAM MILNER, Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 June 1854), 3 

PIANOS PIANOS. FOR SALE by the Undersigned, several Handsome PICCOLO PIANOFORTES, 6 3/4 octaves, metallic plate, and all the latest improvements; warranted to stand up to concert pitch. JOHN J. SALIER, Elizabeth-street.

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Colonial Times (15 September 1854), 3 

Mr. J. J. Salier gave a musical lecture at this Institution last evening. The room was well filled. The lecturer's subject was "The Songs, Poems, &c., of Charles Mackay." It is not the least merit of that deservedly favourite periodical, "The Illustrated London News," that it continually introduces to its readers the productions of this hearty English author. Mr. Salier, after reciting several ballads, and one beautiful descriptive poem of Niagara, making most appropriate introductory observations, sang others of the ballads and patriotic songs with his peculiar taste and feeling. The manner in which he gave some of the songs - the patriotic songs especially - we never remember to have seen surpassed. The song, "Don't you know the wrong you're doing, mighty Czar?" was encored, as many others would have been, but the large number of songs sung - ten - obliged the audience to be merciful. The second part of the entertainment consisted of a series of songs, "The Emigrant's Progress" most delightfully given. We can only express our obligation to Mr. Salier for his excellent entertainment. At the conclusion, J. Hone, Esq., announced that next Thursday evening Dr. Lillie would lecture on "Astronomy."

"Poets' Corner", The Tasmanian Colonist (11 January 1855), 4 

CHEER BOYS, CHEER. From the new and popular Entertainment of "Emigrant's Progress, or Life in the far West." Music by Henry Russel, Words by CHARLES MACKAY. (Sung by Mr. Salier at his last Concert.) Cheer! boys, cheer! no more of idle sorrow . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Mackay (writer, poet, lyricist)

MUSIC: Cheer, boys, cheer (words by Charles Mackay; music by Henry Russell, from The emigrant's progress)

"TESTIMONIALS", Colonial Times (10 February 1855), 2

The following address, with a handsomely covered easy chair, was presented by the teachers of the Chalmers' Free Church Sabbath School, to the superintendent, Mr. John Salier:-

"Dear Sir, - We, the Sabbath School Teachers of Chalmers' Free Church, have great pleasure in presenting you with the accompanying testimonial. We highly appreciate the able and indefatigable manner in which you have superintended our school, encumbered as you are by so many duties. And those of us who have enjoyed the special benefit of your singing talents, beg to add our thanks for our constant attention to that department. That you may long have strength to continue your work of faith, and labor of love, is the prayer of your fellow workers in the Lord, &c., &c."

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 May 1855), 3

For Instruction in the Principles of the Arts and in all Branches of Science and Useful Knowledge . . .
the following Gentlemen have already promised their valuable assistance at the Lecture table during the present Session . . . J. J. Salier, Esq . . .
MUSIC CLASS, Conductor, Mr. J. J. Salier. Leader, Mr. W. Russell. Pianist, Mr. J. Dentith. The Class for the Study and Practice of Vocal and Instrumental Music meets every Friday evening, at half-past six o'clock. It is earnestly requested that all Members of the Institute interested in the cultivation of this Science give the Class their support and attendance. Provision is made for instruction in the elements of Music on a popular plan. One hour every practice evening will be devoted to this branch. It is proposed to give occasional Public Musical Entertainments in the course of the Lecture Session . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Jackson Dentith (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian Colonist (18 June 1855), 4 

Mechanics' Institute. Office of Conductor of Music Class.
Mr. J. J. SALIER having resigned the above office, Candidates desirous of filling the same, are hereby invited to send in applications . . .
By order of the Committee, MURRAY BURGESS, Sec. Committee Room, 8th June, 1855.

"EDUCATIONAL", Colonial Times (19 June 1856), 2 

The annual recitations by the young gentlemen at Somerset House were given on Tuesday evening last . . . The Rev. Dr. Fry presided, assisted by the Revs. Dr Nicolson and Day. Mrs. James Salier occupied the seat at the pianoforte . . . The singing was exceedingly creditable to Mr. Reynolds' superintendence . . .

"HOBART TOWN MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. ANNUAL MEETING", The Tasmanian Daily News (21 February 1857), 2 

Last evening the annual meeting of the members of the Hobart Town Mechanics' Institute was held in the Lecture Hall of the Institute. The President, the Lord Bishop of Tasmania, opened the business of the meeting . . . The Report, which was then read, set forth that - . . . At the opening of the session a class was formed for the study of chemistry . . . A class was opened at the same time for the practice of vocal music, but was brought to an abrupt termination in consequence of the departure of the gentleman who took the charge of it to another sphere of action. Mr. John Salier, the former teacher, has resumed the duties of his profession in Hobart Town, and has expressed his readiness to reform the class, so that the committee trust it may ere long be in fall and successful operation . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Russell Nixon (president); John Clemons (previous instructor)

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 April 1857), 3 

THE MANAGERS have the pleasure to announce that they have secured the services of Mr. John J. Salier to conduct a
CLASS for the study of VOCAL MUSIC at the above Institution.
The CLASS will be OPENED on FRIDAY Evening, the 17th instant, and will meet for practice every succeeding Friday Evening at 7 o'clock.
TERMS - Subscribers - 2s 6d per quarter; Non-Subscribers - 10 0 per quarter . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (23 July 1857), 3 

LECTURE on Thursday Evening next, July 23rd by Mr. J. J. Salier, On "English Ecclesiastical Music," with illustrations by the members of the music class.
Members must bring their cards. July 20th.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Courier (29 July 1857), 3 

July 27 1857.
Sirs - I was present last Thursday at the lecture delivered on Ecclesiastical Music, and, as I had anticipated, was much interested and instructed by the clear intelligent manner with which the lecturer handled his subject, and the brief history which he gave of its progress.

I was aware before I went that several sacred pieces were to be sung as illustrations; but rather than otherwise, I conceived this would increase my pleasure. The chanting I pass over, but not so the direct addresses which were made to Almighty God in the prayers which were sung; I allude particularly to the singing of that beautiful and pathetic prayer, "Hear my Prayer, Oh God, and hide not Thyself from my petition ; take heed unto me and hear me, how I mourn in my prayer and am vexed" (Ps. lv.): words the most penitential and solemn that could be used in which God is appealed to testify to the Psalmist's earnest longing after Him. Yet such words as these were used (not by the heartbroken sinner, mourning indeed over the hiding of God's face) for the entertainment of those present at the hall.

The manner in which they were sung seemed to me to be an awful profanation; between each petition a solemn pause, broken only by the musical accompaniment and remember that this was done for our entertainment. God was mocked by a pretended prayer; sorry am I that I was present. This is no trifling matter nothing that concerns God can be so; it is a subject worthy the serious thoughts of every earnest Christian. Because "God is love," shall we presume, and forget that He is also a consuming fire, and must be worshipped with reverence and godly fear.

It is a pleasant thing to know that such men as John Newton and Leigh Richmond thought in the same manner. From the latter I quote the following. Speaking of a musical entertainment to be held in Edinburgh, he says - "No serious and consistent Christian will go." In the same letter he adds: - "I deeply lament that any who in other respects so justly deserved the name of consistent Christians, should so little fathom the corruptions of their own hearts, and be so insensible to the dangerous tendency of public amusements." - Letters to his Wife.

I will conclude this letter by quoting from the letter of a pastor to his flock the following: - "No Christian, I conceive, will dispute my first position - That it is wrong to make sacred things mere food for entertainment, and that the wrongfulness of doing so bears exact proportion to the sacredness of the object desecrated." Speaking of the addresses which are made to God, he says: - "They are, if rightly performed, acts of worship. Praise and prayer are the loftiest occupations of created beings. They annihilate infinity, and place the soul in opposition with God. To do that, then, for amusement alone, which, offered from a pure heart and with correct motives, is the highest homage of the creature to the perfections of the Creator, I cannot but call a gross profanation." By the insertion of the above you will oblige Yours, &c.,

"To the Editor of . . .", The Courier (5 August 1857), 3 

Sandy Bay, 1st August, 1857.
SIR, - On coming to town on Friday my attention was directed to a letter in your issue of Wednesday signed " W.," wherein he complains of the "profanity" committed in the illustrations to the Lecture on Ecclesiastical Music at the Mechanics' Institute on the 23rd ultimo. I was not aware that any of those who so kindly assisted on the occasion conducted themselves in a profane manner, or exhibited any light or trifling conduce. The presence of such excellent authorities in Sacred Music as the Bishop of Tasmania and the Ven. Archdeacon Davies would have tended to repress any such exhibition, even had it been manifested. When such gentlemen as these express them selves as gratified and delighted, (which they did), it is of little consequence what W. in his obscurity thinks or asserts.

But " W." complains of sacred words being used in a lecture on English Sacred Music, and yet adroitly admits that he was aware that they were to be sung; and moreover states that he conceived this "singing of sacred pieces would " increase his pleasure." Now, when he makes this admission, and yet a little further on complain most lugubriously that these things were done for the "entertainment of the audience," are at the same time being present from choice, and to "derive pleasure from the singing of the sacred pieces," really, Sir, I am at a loss to know what he does mean. Such miserable logic may do for the nursery, among little boys, but it most certainly approaches to a reductio ad absurdum. Surely the splinter is too large in his own eye to see the mote in his neighbour's. Let me remind him of a precept whose authority he will not attempt to question: "Let him that is without sin cast the first stone and not till then."

As " W." knew that sacred words were to be used, and believes that it is wrong to make sacred things mere food for entertainment, why did he not act "consistently," and stay away? No! no willingly went there, to derive pleasure," and then stigmatises the attempt to illustrate ecclesiastical Music as "an awful profanation" and an entertainment, and so by implication involves all engaged either in singing or listening in this fearful sin. Exceedingly complimentary to the Right Reverend President and the audience.

But I emphatically deny that the lecture was an entertainment. It was one of the lectures of the session provided for the instruction and enlightenment of the members. If "W." chose to take offence at anything that was presented by way of illustration, the blame to his. To the pure all things are pure; and certain am I that it was remote from the thoughts of any to commit an act of profanaties or undue levity.

I can readily conceive that " W." belongs to a class of individuals who believe that all practice of Sacred Music is improper except when used in places of worship. How, then, are we to become acquainted with Sacred Music for according to his idea, to learn music of that character out of a church is wicked and profane. How guilty, then, must all choirs and singers be who practise Sacred Music in order that it may be decently and devoutly performed in the time of worship.

If the music class were guilty of profanation, how much more guilty was the Rev. Dr. Cumming when he gave a lecture on Music, "the Handmaid to Devotion," at Exeter Hall, during which lecture pieces were sung by way of illustration equally devout and supplicating. He did it to promote a love for music of a dignified and excellent character, and was most warmly thanked for it. We try to do the same and commit a great sin. I trust the next times." endeavours to depreciate any attempt to create a taste for the good and beautiful, he will at least have the manliness to sign his name.
Yours respectfully,

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Rowland Davies (clergyman); John Cumming (Scottish Presbyterian preacher active in London)

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Mercury (23 October 1857), 4 

Musical Entertainment.
A MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT will take place at the Mechanics' Institute on Friday evening next, the 23rd instant, at half-past seven o'clock. By the kind permission of Colonel Perceval, a portion of the band of H. M. 12th Regiment will be in attendance.
On this occasion the following charges will be made for admission:
Members, 1s, non-subscribers, 1s. 6d., children half price.
By order of the Committee, JOHN J. SALIER, Conductor of the Music Class.

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 12th Regiment, master Douglas Callen

"SANDY BAY SCHOOL", The Courier (24 March 1858), 3 

THERE is, our readers should know, a very admirable Scholastic Institution at Sandy Bay, under the management of Mr. Salier. That gentleman hold his appointment under the Board of Education. The parents of those children who are trained under the ferula of Mr. Salier know that his system is not framed to administer to the requirements of young fellows of preeminent talents, but they believe that system carried out as it is with untiring zeal and diligence well adapted to the wants of the district. They witness the prosperity of the school under the management of a man of learning and, what is better, of good sense. A slight shock then was felt in this quiet locality by the receipt of the following mysterious summons addressed by the master of the school to such of the inhabitants as were known to be interested in the cause of sound education in this district . . .

"TEMPERANCE ALLIANCE CONCERTS", The Courier (14 April 1858), 2 

The first of a series of concerts, under the auspices of the Tasmanian Temperance Alliance, was given in the Assembly Rooms last evening, under the conductorship of Mr. J. J. Salier. It was respectably attended, the number of persons present being about 100. The band was in attendance, and took part in the proceedings of the evening. Mr. Russell played the first violin, accompanying Mr. Salier, who sang two solos with his usual taste and skill upon the pianoforte. The entertainment passed off very satisfactorily.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian Telegraph (19 June 1858), 5 

THE Members of the Bands of Hope, with their Parents and Friends, are invited to attend a meeting at the Temperance Alliance Assembly Rooms, on FRIDAY EVENING Next, 25th inst., at Seven o'clock, when the Juvenile Music Class, conducted by Mr. John Salier, on the tonic Sol-Fa System, will sing a variety of Rounds and Select and Pleasing Pieces.
EDWD. GEO. COX, Secretary. June 19.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (14 September 1858), 3 

Hobart Town Mechanics' Institute. WINTER SESSION, 1859.
LECTURES . . . September 23. - "The Poems and Ballads of Eliza Cook with Musical Illustrations" by J. J. Salier Esq. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Cook (English author, poet, and lyricist)

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 October 1858), 3 

THE Committee have much pleasure in announcing that the second of the series of Musical Entertainments will take place in the Alliance Assembly Rooms, on TUESDAY evening, the 26th instant, commencing at 8 o'clock.
"THE HOBART TOWN ORCHESTRAL UNION" have kindly consented to render their assistance on the occasion, and from the character of the Vocal and Instrumental Music selected, the Committee confidently anticipate giving their friends an agreeable evening's entertainment.
The Vocal Music will be under the direction of Mr. J. J. SALIER, who will sing a number of favourite pieces.
Leader of the Band - Mr. Russell, who will also preside at the Grand Piano.
Tickets, One Shilling and Sixpence each, may be obtained at Messrs. Walch and Sons, Rolwegan, Warner, G. Arnold, Davis and Semple, and any member of the Committee,
HUBERT ARNOLD, General Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (18 January 1860), 1 

The Benevolent Society.
THE MEMBERS of the GLEE CLUB, assisted by many amateurs, and Professionals, will perform HANDEL'S ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH
AT THE TOWN HALL, ON TUESDAY EVENING The 7th February, 1860, In aid of the funds of the above Society.
Every effort will be made to render the work as effectual as possible.
Already upwards of 80 Ladies and Gentlemen have volunteered their services.
Committee of management, Messrs. Brammell, Garrett, Kennerley, G. Salier, Tapfield, and Whitton, of whom, and of Messrs. Walch and Sons, C. O. Atkins, W. Westcott, and G. Rolwegan, Tickets 5s. each, may be had on and after Friday next.
The Performance of the Oratorio will commence at half-past seven, and for the convenience of parties residing at a distance it is hereby notified that carriages may be ordered for ten o'clock.
C. J. BRAMMALL, Hon. Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Joseph Brammall (secretary); Samuel Tapfield (committee member, conductor)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (12 January 1861), 1 

[Advertisement.] ON Monday, the 7th instant, a deputation from the members and friends of the Glee Club, consisting of Messrs. Garrett, Vautin, Whitton, Hunter, and Brammall, waited upon S. Tapfield Esq., the President, for the purpose of presenting an address, beautifully illuminated and engrossed by Mr. Hunter and signed by about one hundred and thirty ladies and gentlemen; amongst whom are Lady Young, the Lord Bishop and Mrs. Nixon, His Honor the Chief Justice, the Hons. Colonial Secretary, Attorney General, T. Y. Lowes, M.L.C., W. Carter, M.L.C., Ven. Archdeacon Davies, Revs. F. H. Cox, J. E. Buckland, A. Davenport, E. D. Harris, J. B. Seaman, W. A. Brooke, G. Hunter, M. Ryan, Messrs. Hone, F. Browne, Henslowe, C. Eardley Wilmot, Kennerley, Giblin, Roberts, C. Buckland, Salier, Macdowell, &c., &c..

"EDUCATION", The Mercury (4 May 1861), 2 

Mr. John Salier, late master of the Sandy Bay School has been appointed principal teacher at the Bethesda School, Macquarie-street, in succession to Mr. Rice, who is now leaving the colony.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (8 July 1861), 2 

On the 6th instant, after a lingering illness of five months, aged 41 years, CHRISTIANA, wife of John J. Salier, Upper Macquarie-street, Public School. The funeral will take place from her late residence, No. 109 Davey-street, on Tuesday, the 9th instant, at half-past two o'clock

1862, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:862072; RGD37/1/21 no 206$init=RGD37-1-21P118 (DIGITISED)

No. 110 / 206 / 10th May 1862, St. John the Baptist's Church Hobart / John Jabez Salier / full [age] teacher / . . . widower
Emma Charlotte Clarke / full [age] / - / . . . Spinster . . .

"TESTIMONIAL TO MR. J. J. SALIER", The Mercury (24 February 1863), 2 

Last evening. a meeting was held at the school room adjoining the Brisbane street chapel, for the purpose of presenting Mr. J. J. Salier with a handsome electro-plated tea and coffee service, and two addresses - one from the Committee of the Sunday School Union, and the other from the teachers and officers of the various Sabbath Schools, on his departure from the Colony . . .

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Mercury (25 February 1863), 3 

A vocal and instrumental concert took place at the Mechanics institute last evening, in aid of the building fund, conducted by Mr. J. J. Salier, Mr. Tapfied presiding at the pianoforte and Mr. Russell leading the orchestra. The entertainment opened with Rossini's beautiful overture to Semiramide, which was played with considerable spirit and the selections generally were highly creditable to the taste and judgment of the managers. The performances both vocal and instrumental, were very satisfactory, and were enjoyed by a numerous audience.

George, James and Emma in Hobart (1863-1883):

"DAVEY-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH", The Mercury (21 August 1863), 2 

The sixth anniversary social tea meeting of the members of this congregation was held on Wednesday evening last, in the school-room attached to the chapel . . . The singing class connected with the congregation having sung the "Russian Anthem," Mr. Clarke, with some prefatory and appropriate remarks and amid much applause, presented to Mr. and Mrs. James E. Salier an address signed by upwards of 150 members of the congregation, beautifully engrossed on parchment and handsomely bound in red morocco; the address setting out the efforts made by Mr. and Mrs. Salier to improve the Psalmody of the congregation, and thanking them for their exertions, and for their general services. It was also stated that a testimonial had been sent for to London, for which a sum of about £40 had been subscribed. Mr. Salier acknowledged the compliment in a feeling manner, and appeared taken entirely by surprise. The concluding business of the evening consisted of a proposal to procure an organ for the Church at a cost of not more than £300. A subscription list was opened and in a few minutes exceeded £200. The proposition thereupon became a motion and was carried unanimously - it being announced that the new instrument would be erected within 12 months. This very pleasant meeting was then concluded by singing the Doxology.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Clarke (clergyman)

"CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, DAVEY-STREET", The Mercury (11 April 1864), 2 

The members of the church and congregation belonging to the Davey-street Congregational Church, met together in the school-rooms attached to the chapel, in a social gathering and tea meeting, on the evening of Friday, the 8th instant . . . Mr. Clarke then drew attention to the fact that, at a social meeting of the congregation held at the same place in August last, an address from the members of the church and congregation had been presented to Mr. and Mrs. James E. Salier especially thanking them for the efforts they had made in improving the church psalmody and keeping up the singing class, and that in that address it had boen stated that a testimonial, intended to embody in a more substantial manner, the good wishes of the congregation, had been sent for from London . . .

"CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH", The Mercury (8 October 1864), 2 

The opening performance upon the organ recently imported for the use of the Davey-street Congregational Church, (Rev. Mr. Clarke) took place in the church last evening commencing at half-past seven o'clock and terminating shortly after 9. There was a very large attendance on the occasion the building being crowded in every part not merely by the usual worshippers but by representatives of all the religious bodies in the community, prominent amongst whom were to be seen a great number of the ablest and most highly cultivated musicians, both professional and amateur, of the city.

The organ was admitted by the most competent judges present to be a very beautiful instrument, and to bear a close resemblance in character and quality to that of St. Joseph's, Roman Catholic Church. It was built by the eminent firm of Messrs. Hill & Co. of London, and was erected in Hobart Town by Mr. Biggs the well known organist of Launceston. Technically speaking its component parts are as follows - Great organ Bourdon 16 feet, tone stop diapason 8 feet, Dulcinea S feet, open diapason 8 feet, octave 4 feet, twelfth 3 feet, fifteenth 2 feet, suave flute 4 feet; swell organ - Lieblick Bourdon 16 feet tone, open diapason 8 feet, top diapason 8 feet, octave 8 feet, cornopean 8 feet, compeer swell to great is octave pedal, 3 compass pedals.

The performers last evening were Messrs. Tapfield, Parker [sic], Russell, and Mrs. Salier, and the programme consisted of the following hymns and anthems, sung by the choir with organ accompaniment, viz., Opening Voluntary, hymn 152, tune Old Hundredth, Anthem 10th, Blessed is the People, 92nd psalm, Chant Dupuis's, Voluntary hymn, 744 tune Tinteru [sic] Te Deum Landamus, Voluntary hymn, 261, tune St. Bernard, anthem 16th O Lord my God, 24th psalm Chant, Robinson's Voluntary hymn 547 tune, Leeds Deus Misereatur, 67th psalm, Thy will be done, Voluntary Hallilujah chorus, Handel.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jesse Biggs (local organ builder); William Hill and Co. (English organ builders)

"THE BOXING DAY HOLIDAY", The Mercury (29 December 1868), 2 

Yesterday being kept as Boxing Day, instead of Saturday, the general assembly of scholars and teachers belonging to the associated schools took place at Melville-street, Wesleyan Chapel, at 11 o'clock . . . His Excellency Colonel T. Gore Browne, Governor, and Mrs. Gore Browne were present . . . The singing was conducted by Mr. James E. Salier. The hymns printed for the occasion commenced respectively as follow: - "From year to year in love we meet," "Glory to God the angels said," "Beauteous scenes on earth appear," "To the Sabbath-school we'll go," and the National Anthem. The Rev. Joshua Smith, Primitive Methodist minister, officiated . . .

THE FIRST CHORAL SOCIETY IN TASMANIA., The Tasmanian [Launceston, TAS] (17 May 1873), 8 

It may be interesting to members of the Launceston Choral Union and others to know that the first musical society of that name in Tasmania, was the Hobart Town Choral Society, established in January 1843. Patron - His Excellency Sir W. T. Denison, Knight; president - Right Rev. F. R. Nixon, D.D., Lord Bishop of Tasmania; vice-presidents - the Rev. Dr. Bedford and Joseph Hone, Esq.; trustees - W. Watchorn and W. Carter, Esqs.; treasurer - Mr. J. Marshall; secretary - Mr. J. C. Walker; collector - Mr. W. Holdship; director - Mr. Curtis; leader - Mr. W. Russell; librarian - Mr. H. Elliott; auditors- Messrs. J. Hall and J. A. Thompson - committee - Messrs. Creswell, Degraves, Dossetor, Dyne, Harbottle, Milward, Reichenberg, Salier, Vautin and Westbrook.
The society was established for the purpose of cultivating the study and practice of music, and for imparting a knowledge of the science to the children of its members. Annual subscription, one guinea. A donation of the value of £10 in music, instruments, or money, constituted the donor a membership for life. Members' tickets admitted one gentleman and three ladies. The number of members in the year 1848, was one hundred and eleven.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Gill Curtis (conductor); Joseph Reichenberg (musician)

"TASMANIAN NEWS (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS) HoBART, August 16", Launceston Examiner (17 August 1883), 2 

A tea and public meeting took place in the Tasmanian Hall this evening, under the auspices of the Congregational Church, Davey-street . . . The Church choir sang some anthems in good style. Mrs. James Salier presented the Rev. Mr. Clark with a preaching gown, subscribed by the choir, as a slight memento of his 30 years' services . . .

John in Sydney, NSW (from 1863 to 1884):

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1863), 1 

VOCAL MUSIC. - The members of the singing class held in the new Congregational Schoolroom, Bourke-street, intend giving a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT TO-MORROW EVENING the 2nd instant commencing at half-past 7 o'clock.
It will consist of a number of new part songs, with vocal duets, trios, songs, and descriptive pieces of an interesting character.
Tickets, 1s. each (children, half-price), may be had of any of the teachers of the schools, or at the doors.
Conductor, Mr. JOHN J. SALIER.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1864), 1 

Principal of the School and Resident Chaplain, Rev. S. C. KENT.
Head Master - Mr. Frank Valentine, B.A., St. John's College, Cambridge . . .
PROFESSORS . . . Vocal Music - Mr. J. J. Salier, King's College, London . . .

"SURRY HILLS LITERARY INSTITUTE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1867), 4 

Yesterday evening a musical and literary entertainment was given in the lower schoolroom adjoining Bourke-street Congregational Church, the first of a long series in connection with the Surry Hills Literary Institute. Proceedings having been commenced with prayer (offered up by the Rev. T. Johnson, pastor of the neighbouring church), Mr. John J. Salier, the president of the institute, delivered an inaugural address, in which he gave the members some very excellent, well-considered advice. Several ladies and gentlemen, members of the institute, who had obviously cultivated their vocal and musical talents to some purpose, then acquitted themselves with much credit in a part song (" Journeying On") and were warmly applauded by the numerous audience . . . The recitation was followed by an admirable part song - "The waves are dancing" - which was rendered with great precision, and much sweetness of expression. Mr. D. R. Brown then sang, with considerable humour, a Scottish song, which was received with loud applause. Mr. W. Ellard read an original essay on the "Love of kindred and country." The laughing trio, a ballad, a well-executed duet, and the fine old song - "A friar of Orders Grey" - then met with a very gratifying success; much of which was doubtless owing to the president, and to the talented young lady who acted as accompanyist. "The Gipsy Chorus" was the last piece. The visitors were admitted by the introduction of members, or by the president's cards. It transpired that the weekly meetings of this institute are held every Tuesday night.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Barnes Ellard (journalist)


A lecture in connection with the above, entitled "The Poetical and Musical Compositions of Eliza Cook," was delivered by Mr. J. J. Salier, on Tuesday evening, the lecturer being assisted by several members of the Institute, and Mr. Thomas Fisher, junior, in illustrating such a lecture by the ever popular ballads, songs, readings, &c., of Miss Cook. The songs "The Englishman," "The Green Bushes," and "The Wedding Bells," sung respectively by Messrs. Salier and Fisher, and a reading by Mr. G. Pring, were rendered in a very successful style, and deservedly applauded . . .

"CONCERT", Sydney Mail (28 December 1867), 2 

The members of the Vocal Association, with the assistance of several well-known Sydney vocalists, performed Handel's grand Oratorio of the Messiah, at the Masonic Hall, on Wednesday . . . the hall was crowded. The overture was played on the pianoforte by Mr. M. Younger, who very efficiently discharged the duties of accompanyist. The choir consisted of upwards of forty voices, who were assisted in the recitatives and airs by Mrs. Cordner, Miss James, Mrs. Chizlett, Mr. Hosier, Mr. J. J. Salier, and Mr. Medcalf . . . Messrs. Hosier, Salier, and Medcalf are justly entitled to some praise for the manner in which they sang the various pieces allotted them. Mr. C. Chizlett conducted.

ASSOCIATIONS: People's Vocal Music Association (Sydney); Charles and Louisa Chizlett (conductor and vocalist); Ellen Cordner (vocalist)

"BOURKE-STREET PUBLIC SCHOOLS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1869), 4 

The pupils of the Public school, Bourke-street, Surry Hills, held their annual presentation of rewards on Thursday afternoon, the 23rd instant . . . Two girls, Mary Clark and Mary Salier, then read an address to and presented Miss A. Clarke, the mistress, with an elegant inlaid workbox, as a mark of esteem and love and two boys, Manson McAlpine and Edward Foxall, read an address, engrossed on vellum, by one of the boys, and then presented the master, Mr. John J. Salier, with a very beautiful album and case. After affectionate acknowledgments of the presents, the children heartily cheered, sang several beautiful part songs, and broke up for the holidays . . .


In presenting the First Annual Report of this Association, the Committee desire to congratulate the members on the success that has attended the operations of the Association during the year 1873 . . .
JOHN J. SALIER, Secretary. April 18, 1874 . . .

"INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION CONCERTS. To the Editor", Evening News (19 May 1879), 3 

SIR, - As a musician of some forty years' standing, I appeal to your sense of justice and fair play to allow me space in your widely circulated columns for the purpose of commenting upon a projected arrangement connected with the forthcoming International Exhibition, which, to my mind, violates every principle of either one or the other, id est, justice or fair play. I allude to the proposition of the Executive Commissioners to instal Signor Giorza in the position of general musical director . . . Yours obediently, J. J. SALIER . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Paolo Giorza (conductor, pianist, composer)

"Packer Testimonial Fund", Evening News (8 August 1883), 5 

A special meeting of the Packer testimonial fund committee was held at Mr. S. Hodge's Commercial Hotel yesterday evening. Mr. J. Bushelle in the chair, and Messrs. S. Hodge, G. F. Jackson. A. Huenerbein, A. T. Dunning. W. Morgan, T. J. Murray, E. A. Little, W. Wold, F. Passmore, and others being present. It was decided to accept the offer of the Sydney Amateur Comedy Company to give an entertainment in aid of the fund at an early date. It was stated that Mr. J. S. Salier [sic] had sent to Mr. A. Huenerbein the MS. copy of Mr. Packer's composition of "David," as his contribution to the fund. The work is not quite complete, but Mr. Stanley, a well-knows musician, has undertaken to finish this great work. A vote of thanks to the chairman concluded the meeting.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Sandys Packer (composer, recently deceased); John Butler Bushelle (musician); Sebastian Hodge (musician); George Forbes Jackson (musician); August Huenerbein (musician, music seller); William Stanley (musician)

"SUDDEN DEATH", Singleton Argus (29 October 1884), 2

Mr. John Salier, late Public school teacher, and well known in the musical profession, was coming into town this morning to give a music lesson when he fell down in a epileptic fit and died shortly afterwards.

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1884), 16 

THE FRIENDS of Mr. JOHN J. SALIER, late Public School teacher, are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral; to move from his late residence, Public school, West Botany, THIS (Wednesday) AFTERNOON, at 1 o'clock, and proceed to Mortuary station, Redfern, thence per train to Necropolis. H. KINSELA, Undertaker, George-street, opp. Christ Church.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1884), 9 

Mr. John J. Salier, for many years identified with Congregationalism, and widely known and respected as the organiser and leader of "Children's Service of Song" in connection with that body, died suddenly on Monday afternoon at the Arncliffe railway station. The deceased gentleman was for many years head master of the Bourke-street Public school, and recently of the West Botany Public School. He had just procured a ticket for Sydney, having to come into town to give a lesson, when he was seized with an epileptic fit and expired.

DEATHS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (8 November 1884), 966 

SALIER. - October 27, suddenly, at Arncliffe Railway Station, John J. Salier, in his 63rd year.

George, James, Emma, and recollections of John (Hobart, TAS, after 1884):

[Late advertisement], The Mercury (4 February 1893), 3 

SALIER. - On this (Saturday) morning, at Sydney Lodge, Brisbane street, Emily Mary the beloved wife of Jas. E. Salier.

"Mr. JAMES SALIER", Launceston Examiner (18 August 1894), 6 

The death is announced of Mr. James Salier, another of the old colonists who have been passing away so rapidly this winter. The deceased was the surviving partner of the original firm of Messrs. G. and A. J. Salier, merchants, of Hobart, and was born in London in 1819. He migrated from the old country 20 years later, and arrived in Hobart in the bark James in 1839. He first opened business in the haberdashery line on the site of what is now known as Cook's Chambers, when he sent home for his brother George . . . The deceased was an ardent church worker, and had been forty odd years connected with the Congregational Church. For many years he acted as choir master in Davey-street church, and was responsible for many acts of charity . . . His wife predeceased him a couple of years ago, and he leaves no family [sic].

"MUSIC & MUSICIANS", The Mercury (21 September 1927), 5 

The organ at the Congregational Church in Davey Street, having been thoroughly overhauled and tuned by George Fincham and Sons Pty. Ltd., was reopened last Sunday . . . The church itself dates back to 1836. After using sundry makeshifts, including one of the first harmoniums imported into Van Diemen's Land, the congregation in 1864 raised the money for a pipe-organ. "The Mercury" of that date gave the following account of the instrument, which was opened on October 7, 1864, the organist being Mrs. James Salier:-

"We have been favoured with an opportunity of hearing and examining the New Organ just erected in Davey-street Congregational Church, and offer for the information of our readers the following particulars: -
The organ was built by Hill and son (late Elliot and Hill) in accordance with a specification prepared by the late Mr. Elliot. The compass is from CC to F. alt.; it has 1 1/2 octaves of German pedals, and 3 composition pedals.
The Great Organ contains the following stops: - Bourdon, 16 feet; Stopt Diapason, 8 feet; Dulciana, 8 feet; Open Diapason, 8 feet; Octave, 4 feet; Zuabe flute, 4 feet; 12th, 3 feet; 15th, 2 feet.
The Swell Organ - Lieblich Bourdon, 16 feet; Stopt Diapason, 8 feet; Open Diapason, 8 feet; Octave, 4 feet; Cornopean, 8 feet.
Of many of these the tone is very beautiful, we may instance especially the stopt. diapason and the suabe flute in the Great Organ, than which more beautiful solo stops could scarcely be imagined.
"The workmanship throughout is very superior, and reflects the greatest credit on the builders.
"We are informed that the opening service will take place on Friday evening next, when a selection of sacred music will be performed, and strange to say (a striking illustration of the working of the 'voluntary principle') no collection - as the cost of the organ (about £350) has been defrayed by members of the church, without any appeal to the general public."

. . . The order of the service at the opening of the organ in 1864 was as follows:
Opening Voluntary
Hymn 152. Tune Old Hundredth.
Anthem 10th - "Blessed is the People."
92nd Psalm - Chant Dupuis's.
Voluntary (Elijah)
Hymn 744. - Tune Tintern.
Te Deum Laudamus. - Jackson.
Hymn 261. - Tune St. Bernard.
Anthem 17th. - "O Lord my God."
24th Psalm. - Chant Robinson's.
Voluntary (Creation)
Hymn 547. - Tune Leeds.
Deus Misereatur- 67th Psalm.
"Thy will be done."
Voluntary (Stabat Mater).
Hallelujah Chorus. Handel.
Benediction . . .

The following are the names of the organists from the beginning:
Mrs. James Salier, 1864.
Miss Clewer, - 1887 . . .

"MUSIC & MUSICIANS. Mr. Frank Bowden . . . FIRST PERFORMANCE OF THE MESSIAH", The Mercury (29 August 1928), 8 

In 1862 [recte 1860] Mr. S. Tapfield's Glee Club invited musicians from all parts of the colony to help in the production of "The Messiah," for the benefit of the Benevolent Society, which had just been started. The enterprise was warmly taken up on all sides, the performers being convoyed to and fro free of charge by Mr. Page, coach owner. The ballroom at Government House, which stood on the ground now known as Franklin Square, was specially fitted up, Sir Henry and Lady Young showing great interest. Mr. S. Tapfleld conducted, Herr Julius Buddee was at the piano - and Mr. W. Russell led the orchestra, which included: Violins, Thomas Sharpe, jun., F. H. Henslowe, A. J. Dentith, J. Briant, J. R. Fryer; violas, J. J. Salier, Major Hood; cello, H. Vautin [sic]; double bass, R. Shields and Thomas Sharpe, sen. [sic, William]; flute, J. Marshall; clarinet, W. Simpson; bassoon, Jesse Briggs [sic], who was reputed to be able to "blaw a bit," and was much sought after; cornet, W. Campion; kettledrums, H. Elliott. Mr. F. H. Henslowe sang "Comfort Ye"; Mr. C. J. Brammall, "Thus saith the Lord"; Mr. J. Salier, "The people that walked in darkness"; Miss Rosina Carandini (Mrs. Palmer), "Rejoice greatly"; Mrs. Monteith, "He shall feed His flock"; Miss Lucy Garrett, "He was despised"; Miss Bilton, "But Thou did'st not leave"; Mr. C. J. Brammall, "Why do the nations"; Monsieur Camille Del Sarte, "Thou shalt break them"; Mrs. Cunningham, "I know that my. Redeemer liveth"; Mr. J. R. Fryer, "The trumpet shall sound"; and Mrs. Palmer, "If God be for us," with bassoon obbligato by Mr. Jesse Biggs. Tickets were five shillings each, and went quickly, so that as much as £2 was refused for a single ticket on the evening of the concert. The net sum of &100 was raised.

ASSOCIATIONS: Hobart Town Glee Club (organisation); Samuel Tapfield (conductor); Julius Buddee (piano); William Wilkins Russell (violin, leader); Thomas and William Sharp (violin and double bass); Francis Hartwell Henslowe (violin); Alfred Jackson Dentith (violin); James Robertson Fryer (violin and bass vocalist); Major Lloyd Hood (viola); James Vautin (cello); John Marshall (flute); Jesse Biggs (bassoon); Henry Elliot (drums); Rosina Carandini (soprano vocalist); Charles Joseph Brammall (bass vocalist) Camille del Sarte (tenor vocalist)

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Bolger, "Salier, George (1813–1892)" and "Salier, James Ebenezer (1819-1894)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1876) 

. . . John taught music, especially church music . . . G. Clarke's Congregational Church in Davey Street was the focus of the brothers' lives. James was its deacon, treasurer, librarian, choirleader and president of the Southern Tasmanian Sunday School Union. George was on the local committee of the Colonial Missionary Society, the board of management of the Brickfields Pauper Establishment for Males and the executive committee of the Servants' Home. James became chairman of the Benevolent Society and honorary secretary of the Ragged Schools Association; he joined George on the board of management of the General Hospital, Hobart, and on the committees of the Girls' Industrial School and the Mechanics' Institute, where John organized successful music classes. All three brothers were members of the Glee Club, the Choral Society and various gardening and regatta committees . . .

SALKELD, Benjamin (Benjamin SALKELD; Mr. B. SALKELD)

Musician, pianist, concertina player, vocalist, teacher of music, importer and retailer of music and instruments, piano tuner

Born Liverpool, England, c. 1818; baptised St. Peter, Liverpool, 9 January 1818; son of Benjamin SALKELD and Margaret
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, by August 1850
Departed Sydney, NSW, 8 April 1853 (per Mary Bannatyne, for London)
Married Mary Ann CLARKSON, Bury, Lancashire, 1855 (4th quarter)
Died Chorlton, Lancashire, England, 1875 (1st quarter, aged "56") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish Church of St. Peter, Liverpool, in the county of Lancester, in the year 1818; register 1816-18, page 266; Liverpool City Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 59 / [1858 January] 9th / Benjamin S. of / Benjamin & Margaret / Salkeld / Crop-hall Street / Shoemaker . . .

"GALA", Bolton Chronicle (11 July 1840), 2 (PAYWALL)

The flooring of the large room at the Star Inn, Churchgate, intended as a museum and promenade, for the public, having been laid on Saturday last, Mr. Thomas Sharples, the proprietor, gave his friends a treat in the shape of a promenade and dance. At seven o'clock in the evening several hundreds of persons had assembled, and after the firing of cannon, a large and magnificent balloon was sent off, and after floating in the air in majestic style for a few minutes, gracefully disappeared in the distance. The old local band then struck up "God save the Queen," aided by Mr. Salkeld, who presided at the pianoforte, and singers connected with the establishment, and the company present, sung the national anthem in verse and chorus, in beautiful style. The gentlemen then led forth their partners and dancing was kept up with good spirit until the shades of evening compelled them to retreat beneath "The Star."

England census, 6 June 1841, Liverpool, Lancashire; UK National Archives, HO107/556/20/16/25 (PAYWALL)

Benj'n Little / 27 / Glass Cutter // Sarah [Little] / 20 / -
Benj'n Salkeld / 20 / Ind. / [born Lancashire]

"LANCASTER INSOLVENT DEBTORS' COURT", Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser (27 November 1847), 3 (PAYWALL)

Discharged forthwith . . . Charles Danvers Hackett, professor of music, Liverpool . . .
Benjamin Salkeld, the younger, professor of music, Manchester . . .

"CONCERT", Preston Chronicle (19 August 1848), 5 (PAYWALL)

A concert, under the patronage of the of the Mechanics' Institute, Haslingden, was given on Thursday week, by Mr. Henry. H. Davies, in, the National Schoolroom. Mr. Davies was assisted on the occasion by Mr. B. Salkeld and Mr. Goldsmith, of Manchester; the former presiding at the pianoforte.

Hobart, TAS (1850-53):

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (27 August 1850), 1 

Mr. B. Salkeld, HAVING lately arrived from England,
begs to inform the gentry of Hobart Tow n and the vicinity, that he has taken the Premises now in the occupation of Mr. Williams, in Elizabeth-street, which he will shortly open with an entire new Stock of every article comprised in a General Music and Stationery Warehouse.
B. S. has an assortment of Musical Instruments to his order on the passage, consisting of Pianofortes by good makers, Harmoniums, Concertinas, Accordions, and every article in Trade, which will be offered at moderate prices on arrival.
B. S. tunes and repairs Pianofortes and all other Musical Instruments in the first style.
Orders addressed, prepaid, to the Pianoforte Mart and Musical Warehouse, 23, Elizabeth-street, Elizabeth-street, promptly attended to.
August 27, 1860.

[Advertisement], The Courier (28 September 1850), 3 

PIANOFORTES. THE undersigned begs respectfully to intimate to his friends and the public, that, having let his Stationery and Music Shop to Mr. Salkeld, he is now enabled to devote the whole of his time to his increasing business; and he, at the same time, solicits an inspection of his PIANOFORTES now on SALE at the Pianoforte Mart, 23, Elizabeth-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Williams (pianoforte maker)

[Advertisement], Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (14 June 1851), 2 

NOTICE. MR. B. SALKELD, Professor of Music,
begs to inform the Inhabitants of Hobart Town, and its vicinity, that, owing to the great increase of his private pupils, he is obliged to relinquish the Public Shop lately carried on by him at the Piano Forte Warehouse, Elizabeth-street, and he has removed to more eligible premises, in the New Town Road, immediately opposite to the Dallas Arms, and lately occupied by Captain Plunkett, whereby the whole of his attention will be devoted to those parties who may honor him with their patronage.
Piano Fortes bought, sold, and exchanged. Piano Fortes tuned.
Musical Academy, New Town Road, June 13, 1851.

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 January 1852), 3 

being very grateful for the encouragement he has received from a liberal and discerning gentry, whose approval of his qualifications is a manifest assurance thereof from the very great patronage bestowed upon him, most respectfully solicits a continuance of the same, pledging himself that nothing shall be wanting to amply satisfy them that the merit they have been pleased to appreciate shall continue to be marked with punctuality and strict rectitude of conduct.
N.B. - Should any reference be required, the most unexceptionable can be given.
Several Concertinas for Sale or Hire. Piano-fortes tuned and prepared, bought, sold, or exchanged.
Opposite the Dallas Arms, New Town Road. January 6, 1852.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 October 1852), 1 

Caution. THE public are hereby cautioned not to negotiate a Cheque for £10, signed by Mr. Anson, of the Ship Inn, in favour of Mr. B. Salkeld, the same having been lost. Payment has been stopped at the Bank.

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 November 1852), 4 

First-rate Instruments, just received.
To be seen at B. SALKELD's, Musician, opposite the "Dallas Arms," Elizabeth-street. November 4.

"PROFESSIONAL", The Courier (27 November 1852), 3 

Mr. Salkeld intends to proceed to England for the benefit of his health, and will ultimately return to Van Diemen's Land to resume his professional avocations. Before his departure he intends to make a circuit through the island, when parties who may desire to have their pianofortes tuned before he leaves may have their instruments attended to, if their wishes are intimated by letter to Mr. Salkeld's address. Vide advertisement.

[Advertisement], The Courier (27 November 1852), 4 

Professional. MR. SALKELD, Teacher of Music, &c.,
presents his thanks to the Gentry of Hobart Town and its neighbourhood for the very liberal patronage extended to him during the past two years; and begs to apprise them that, impelled by continued ill-health, he intends, after the completion of the present quarter, to visit England, trusting that after a brief interval he will be able to return and resume his professional avocations.
N.B. - Mr. Salkeld begs to inform country residents that he purposes taking a tour through the Island, previous to his departure, Tuning Pianofortes, &c.
Parties wishing to avail themselves of his services will be kind enough to address him opposite the Dallas Arms, New Town Road, Elizabeth-street, Nov. 22.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 November 1852), 7 

B. SALKELD, Teacher of Music, Hobart Town, begs to inform the gentry of Campbell Town and its vicinity, that he will shortly be in that neighborhood, tuning &c., Pianofortes. Those parties wishing to avail themselves of his services, by addressing a note to Mr. Vallentine, Macquarie Store, Ross, shall be duly attended to. Harmonium and Pianoforte for sale, double action Concertinas. November 27.

"ARRIVALS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List [Sydney, NSW] (21 March 1853), 82 

March 18. - Emma, brig, 121 tons, Captain Brown, from Hobart Town 11th instant. Passengers . . . Mr. Salkeld, and 7 in the steerage . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (9 April 1853), 102 

April 8. - Mary Bannatyne, barque, 535 tons, Captain Grant, for London. Passengers - Mr. Salkeld, and five in the steerage.

Lancashire, England (from 1853):

[Advertisement], Bolton Chronicle (17 January 1857), 1 (PAYWALL)

MUSIC FOR PARTIES. MR. SALKELD begs to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Bolton and its vicinity, that he attends Private QUADRILLE PARTIES, performing on the Piano-forte a selection of Quadrilles, Polkas, Waltzes, and other popular Dance Music.
Dinner and Evening Parties attended, with a choice collection of Songs, accompanying himself on the Piano-forte, Orde-Melodian, and Concertina. -
Address 29, Garside-street, Bolton.


The anniversary of this association was held last evening, at the house of Mr. Henry Dutton, the Albion Hotel, Bridgeman-street, when about seventy of the members sat down to a sumptuous repast, prepared and served up in a manner that reflected infinite credit on the host and hostess. On the withdrawal of the cloth, the chair was taken Mr. John Brandwood, president of the association, and the vice-chair by Mr. Dutton, the society’s vice-president. Mr. B. Salkeld, of the Wellington Inn, Garside-street, presided with his accustomed skill at the piano and harmonium; and a party of glee singers - consisting of Messrs. Fowler, Shipperbottom, Burrows, and Greenhaigh - was also present; the vocal end instrumental music dispensed by these gentlemen contributed in a high degree to the pleasures of the evening . . .

NOTE: It is possible that the publican was his father, Benjamin Salkeld senior, if so, evidently a musical amateur


. . . the Hare and Hounds Inn, Bank-street, from Thomas Cross to Benjamin Salkeld; the Wellington Inn, Garside-street, from Benjamin Salkeld to Robert Bowden . . .

At recent meeting . . . On the tables being cleared, Mr. Salkeld, of the Hare and Hounds Inn, Bank-street (who had kindly volunteered his services), struck up a lively air on the violin; dancing was commenced with spirit, and the proceedings were diversified with songs and recitations. Mr. Salkeld sang several choice songs, accompanying himself alternately the violin and concertina.

[Advertisement], Bolton Chronicle (30 January 1858), 1 (PAYWALL)

PIANO-FORTES TUNED, Private LESSONS given on the Piano-forte, English Concertina, Violin, and in Singing.
Private Quadrille Parties attended, Mr. B. SALKELD, Bank-street, Bolton.

"NEW TEMPLE OF THE MUSES", Leigh Chronicle and Weekly District Advertiser (11 December 1858), 2 (PAYWALL)

We perceive by an advertisement in another column that the first of a series of concerts, of a popular description, is to take place at the Walmsley's Arms (late the Cross Keys), on Wednesday evening next. The musical arrangements are to be entrusted to Mr. B. Salkeld, who in such matters is alone a tower of strength. He enjoys a high reputation among the community of Bolton, who are very critical in musical as they are also in dramatic matters. He possesses an inexhaustible budget the best songs, and is gifted with powers calculated to give them the most effective and attractive rendering. In short, wherever lie appears he never fails to receive a decided ovation . . .

England census, 1861, North Bury, Lancashire; UK National Archives, RG9/2848/35/16 (PAYWALL)

26 Hanley St. / Benjamin Salkeld / Head / Mar. / 39 / Professor of Music / [bor n] Liverpool Lancaster
Ann [Salkeld] / Wife / [Mar.] / 30 / - / [born] Manchester [Lancaster]
Elizabeth A. / daur. / 4 / [born] Bolton [Lancaster] // Benjamin / Son / 7 months / [born] Bury [Lancaster]

England census, 1871, Manchester, Lancashire; UK National Archives, RG10/4041/48/2 (PAYWALL)

101 London Rd. / Benjamin Salkeld / Head / 52 [sic] / Teacher of Music / [born] [Lancashire] Liverpool . . . [2 lodgers, a husband and wife]

SALOM, Mark (Mark SALOM; Mark SALOME) = Mr. MUNYARD (alias)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1845
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


"MR. DEANE'S CONCLUDING LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Australian (11 September 1845), 3

. . . Burns' famous drinking song "Willie brewed a Peck o'Maut" was admirably sung and acted, too, by Messrs. Waller, Mountcastle, and Salter, but not to Burns' music. We could not, like the stranger, exclaim we had "heard that air before", nevertheless, a beautiful air it was, and elicited the rapturous encore it so well deserved . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician); James Waller (vocalist); Benjamin Such Mountcastle (vocalist)

MUSIC: Willie brew'd a peck o'maut (tune by Allan Masterton)

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (20 December 1845), 299

Handel's oratorio of the MESSIAH, With Mozart's additional accompaniments . . .
Conductor - Mr. Johnson.
Leader - Mr. S. W. Wallace.
Organ - Mr. W. Johnson.
Principal Vocal Performers. - Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Stirling, Mrs. Gibbs, Madame Carandini, Mrs. Wallace, Miss Hinckesman, Miss Touley [sic, Touhey],
Mr. Howson, Mr. J. Howson, Mr. Waller, Signor Carandini, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Griffiths,
Mr. Salter, &c., &., assisted by a large and efficient chorus . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James and William Johnson (conductor and organist); Spencer Wellington Wallace (violin, leader)

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1850), 3

MRS. REYNOLDS . . . begs respectfully to announce, that her
CONCERT Will take, place in the Hall of the
MRS. REYNOLDS will be kindly assisted, in the Vocal Department, by several Amateur Singers . . .
Pianist - Mr. PIETZKER.
PROGRAMME: PART I . . . Song - "Afloat on the ocean," Mr. Salter - Loder . . .
PART II . . . Song - "Drink, sing, laugh" - Mr. Salter - Roemer [? Romer] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Reynolds (vocalist); William Pietzker (pianist)

MUSIC: Afloat on the ocean (by Edward J. Loder)

SALVADO, Rosendo (Rosendo SALVADO; Rudesindus SALVADO)

Musician, pianist, composer, music teacher, monk, transcriber of Indigenous song, Benedictine monk

Born Tuy, Galicia, Spain, 1 March 1814; son of Peter SALVADO and his Francisca ROTEA
Arrived (1) Fremantle, WA, 9 January 1846 (per Elizabeth, from London, 17 September)
Departed (1) Fremantle, WA, 9 January 1849 (per Emperor of China, for London)
Arrived (2) Fremantle, WA, 14 August 1853 (per John Panter, from Cadiz)
Arrived (3) Fremantle, WA, 1869
Died Rome, Italy, 29 December 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia EN) (shareable link to this entry)

SALVADO, Santos (Santos SALVADO)

Amateur musician, bass vocalist, Benedictine monk

Born Tuy, Galicia, 11 July 1811; son of Peter SALVADO and his Francisca ROTEA
Active Western Australia, c. 1868-79
Died Pontevedra, Spain, 17 April 1894 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Special care notice:

Some of the documentation transcribed below contains opinions and claims that are deeeply disrespectful of Aboriginal people.

In recent times, Salvado's legacy at New Norcia has become a contested subject, and inevitably his musical activities are also now under closer scrutiny. As early as 1903, the Aboriginal activist Anthony Fernando quoted an Indigenous worker at New Norcia as answering his question "How do they treat you?": "When the Bishop [Salvado] was alive it was bad enough but now it is worse".

Fiona Paisley, The lone protester: A. M. Fernando in Australia and Europe (Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2012), 27

As a missionary educator, Salvado, stands accused of regularly "removing" Aboriginal children without permission from their parents' custody; Salvado sent five young Aboriginal children (the youngest aged seven) to Europe to be educated in church institutions there, with the tragic result that all died there, the last in 1855.

Stephen Hills, "'The grand experiment of the civilisation of the Aborigines': a missionary endeavour in Western Australia", in Amanda Barry, Joanna Cruickshank, Andrew Brown-May and Patricia Grimshaw (eds), Evangelists of empire?: missionaries in colonial history,(Melbourne: University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2008), 145-59

See New Norcia Mission, Find & Connect 

Rosendo Salvado

Rosendo Salvado


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (10 January 1846), 2 

Arrived - The barque Elisabeth, Morrice, master, from London; sailed Sept. 17. Passengers - Cabin; Rt. Rev Dr. Brady, Revs. P. Powell, J. Serra, R. Salvado, A. Confalioneri, F. Thevaux, M. Burchit, F. Thierse, and six Sisters of Mercy; T. Haslewood, Esq. - Intermediate; fourteen. Steerage; eight, and one from the Cape of Good Hope.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Benedict Serra (Benedictine monk); John Brady (bishop)

[News], The Perth Gazette (23 May 1846), 2

Pursuant to announcement, Don Rosendo Salvado gave a Dell' Academia di Piano-Forte at the Court House, Perth, on Thursday last, the object being for the benefit of the natives of Nursia, where this gentleman has taken up his abode, and is most indefatigably and strenuously carrying out a system of civilization among the aboriginal inhabitants of that portion of our territory. The devoted zeal with which Mr. Salvado has entered upon such an enterprise, commends him to our favourable consideration, and whether he be Roman Catholic or Protestant, his endeavours to attain such an end should not be viewed with anything like sectarian principles. That we have neglected to accomplish - Mr. Salvado promises to accomplish - it will be high time to exult over his failure - if perchance it should occur, but, in the interim, we should pause - before we cast unjust reflections upon his endeavours and pronounce his energies faulty - because he is a Roman Catholic. Such illiberal notions may be in some men's minds, but we sincerely hope they are not prevalent throughout the Protestant community.

It was a matter of surprise to us, in which opinion we have reason to believe the public concurred, that any individual should undertake the task of amusing an audience for three hours by his sole exertions. Such an end has seldom or ever been attained, but we must pronounce this an unique performance, the Piano was made to discourse most eloquent music under the touch of Mr. Salvado - sounds were produced which could not be anticipated out of any instrument. The principal selections were from works of the modern school; as they required action and the vocal addenda, the principal interest was lost. However to make amends for this, the style of Mr. Salvado's playing, as far as could be effected on a piano, was most distinguished. Our younger branches of the community who have a taste for music, and are in the habit of practising, must have gleaned much intelligence and practical knowledge from this exhibition. It is much to be regretted that Mr. Salvado should resign himself to a bush life, where his eminent talents must be wasted; it is a serious loss to the community, and we seriously apprehend that his enthusiasm in the cause he has undertaken, will be ill requited. May it be otherwise, and restore to the civilized portion of this territory, the talent - of so deserving, meritorious, and distinguished an assistant in the cause of harmony, whether with the blacks or the whites.

[News], Inquirer (27 May 1846), 3

On Thursday last, Don Rosendo Salvado, one of the Roman Catholic Missionaries, gave a Soirée Musicale at the Court house, Perth, in aid of the funds for his mission to convert and civilise the aborigines of this territory; the zealous missionary having devoted himself to this task, and already taken up his abode in the bush, in the neighbourhood of the Moore River.

The entertainment was limited to Don Rosendo's own performances on the pianoforte, with the addition of one Spanish national song, which Don Rosendo gave with a spirit and finish which we have heard much admired. With respect to Don Rosendo's capabilities, he is most undoubtedly a very fine performer, having a command over his instrument such as is only possessed by first-rate players. He has, besides, a most extraordinary natural talent for music, which enables him to improvise the most charming fugues, either upon some well-known air, or upon some theme composed by himself on the instant; the latter being, in our opinion, by far the most effective part of his performances.

The pieces played on Thursday last were mostly out of the Opera of Norma, and we are quite ready to believe that the delightful airs with which this opera abounds, received new point and beauty from the genius of the performer. We have heard the number of visitors estimated at about 60, which would make the proceeds somewhere about £8 or £9.

[News], The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (20 February 1847), 2 

On Thursday evening, at the Roman Catholic Church of St. John's, a solemn funeral dirge, and on Friday morning Mozart's Funeral Mass, was celebrated in honor of the memory of His Holiness Pope Gregory XVI. The altar, &c, was appropriately hung with black for the occasion. After the conclusion of the funeral function, Te Deum was performed for the election of the new Pope, Pius IX. Don Rosendo Salvado presided at the piano-forte. A numerous congregation, among whom were many belonging to the established church, attended on both occasions.

[Advertisement], Inquirer (23 February 1848), 2 

To the Editor of "The Inquirer."
SIR, - I beg to correct a very erroneous statement that lately appeared in the Perth Gazette regarding the native boy who has sailed for Europe in the Merope, under the protection of the Very Rev. Josep Serra. He is not the brother of the native that killed Mr. Johnstone Drummond, nor in any way connected with that family. There are two brothers of that homicide now alive, of the respective names of Duergan and Kau-ween, the former between 30 and 35 years of age, and the latter 20. Their assembling place or headquarters is in that part of the country called Kankier Spring, about 3 miles to the westward of the Benedictine mission-house. The boy that has been sent to Europe is named Upumera. His father is called Tacang-cut, and his mother Tor-kiena, and their part of the country is at a place called Kuddia Pool, about 16 miles to the north ward of the mission-house. Upumera, now Benedict Upumera, is about 6 years old, and has a younger brother named Candagora, who remains with his parents. Benedict Upumera is to remain in Europe for such a period of years as will complete his education in every branch of literature, science, and art, and then to bring him back to this colony, when the grand experiment of the civilization of the aborigines will be fairly tried on a scale that has never yet been attempted in this part of the world.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
Catholic Benedictine Missionary.

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (4 March 1848), 2 

BAZAAR. THE SISTERS OF MERCY respectfully announce that their Bazaar and Lotteries will take place in the School Rooms adjoining the Roman Catholic Church, on the 25th and 26th of April next, being the Tuesday and Wednesday in Easter Week.
The Very Reverend Rosendo Salvado will kindly perform several pieces of Music on the occasion.
The proceeds to be applied to a charitable purpose . . .

[News], Inquirer (26 April 1848), 2 

The Bazaar of the Sisters of Mercy was very well attended, yesterday. The Very Rev. Rosendo Salvado performed several delightful pieces of music on the occasion, affording a great treat to amateurs. The Bazaar will be again opened this day, when the drawing for the Lotteries will take place.

"Local Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (29 April 1848), 2 

The Bazaar has taken place, as announced some time since for Easter week. It was numerously and respectably attended. The chief attraction was the Very Rev. R. Salvado's brilliant music . . .

"Shipping Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (6 January 1849), 2

The Emperor of China will sail on Tuesday morning. Passengers - R. R. Madden, Esq., lady, and son, R. W. Nash, Esq. and lady, Mr. and Mrs. Dinely and family, Very Rev. Don Rosendo Salvado . . .

"ARRIVAL OF SHIPS FROM SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Principality [Wales] (4 May 1849), 5 (PAYWALL)

. . . The Emperor brought with her seventeen passengers, among whom were Dr. Madden (colonial secretary at Swan River) and family, Dr. Hinley and family, and Senor Don Rosendo Salvado, a Spanish monk, of the Benedictine order, who has for some time past been engaged in connexion with a Catholic mission in the North Western [sic] coast of Australia, about 100 miles from Swan River. Among the importations by the Emperor of China, are two native Australian boys, about nine years of age, brought by the gentleman above named (Senor Salvado), with the view, by educating them in this country, of introducing civilisation among the aborigines of Western Australia. Senor Salvado is one of those examples of a man with high and versatile attainments devoting himself to the objects of his mission in a spirit of self-sacrifice. - Herald.

"Summary of European Intelligence per Ferrolana", Inquirer (2 January 1850), 2-3 

The unexpected arrival of Spanish frigate Ferrolana from Cadiz, after a quick run of 80 odd days, furnishes us with English news up to the 5th Sept . . . She has upwards of 103 Catholic priests and artisans on board, 37 of whom are for this place. She also brings Don Seirra [sic], who left this colony per Merope, and who has been consecrated a Bishop, and acts, we believe, as a coadjutor with Dr. Brady. Don Salvado Rosendo has been consecrated Bishop of Victoria. The native boy taken to Europe by Don Seirra [sic] died at Rome. The two Aboriginal lads from the Victoria Plains who left this colony under the care of Don Salvado Rosendo, have been admitted into the College of Nobles at Naples, and for that purpose had patents of nobility granted to them by the King of Naples. Should these Neapolitan noblemen ever return to this colony, we have not the slightest doubt but they will quickly sink their dignity, and again resume their bush life and habits . . .

See also [News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (4 January 1850), 2 

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (26 March 1850), 1 

[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (27 February 1852), 3 

. . . Bishop Serra has received advices of the intention of Bishop Salvado to embark for this colony, for which he was engaged in making preparations . . .

[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (21 January 1853), 2 

. . . the John Panter was to sail for Cadiz on the 25th November, to embark Bishop Salvado and his party . . .

"Shipping Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (19 August 1853), 2 

On the 14th instant, the barque John Panter, 272 tons, Clarkson, master, from London. Passengers - Right Rev. Dr. Salvado, four Priests, and Mr. Grellett, and 42 in the steerage.

[News], Inquirer (24 August 1853), 3 

The following is a list of the passengers per "John Panter" belonging to the Catholic Mission at Victoria Plains: - Dr. Salvado, (Bishop), Rev. Messrs. Garrido and Rivaya, Benedictine Monks (Spanish), Rev. R. Martelli, priest (Italian), Rev. T. O'Neill, priest, and Messrs. M. Mulrooney and M. Mas, Bella, Alfonso, Oliveras, Hamis, Sala, Zorralva, Palon, Ferrer, Salvado, Binessa, Fargas, Arnal, Oriol, Bernich, Oltra, Palleja, Bancells, Clos, Pich, Zomas, Cabane, Monner, Chirgo, Pasque, Alsina, Corehon, Planella, M. Zomas, Miro, Martinez, Valeda, Martin, Ventura, Serra, and Rivers, Benedictine novices (Spaniards).

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (16 September 1853), 2 

THE Committee appointed for the enlargement of the Roman Catholic Chapel, Perth, beg to inform the Public that an evening party will be held in the large school-room of the Sisters of Mercy (kindly lent by them for the occasion) on Thursday, the 22nd instant.
Tickets of admission, 2s 6d each, may be had at the various stores of the town. Doors open at half-past six. p.m.
The Right Rev. Dr. Salvado has kindly promised to favor the company with several pieces of Select Music upon the Harmonium, with the new percussion or Pianoforte Stop lately arrived.
M. O'CALLAGHAN, Secretary to the Committee, Perth Sept. 13, 1853.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (23 September 1853), 3 

On Wednesday, the 14th instant, a solemn and interesting ceremony took place in the Roman Catholic Church, the profession of a Lay Sister Novice, the daughter of a respectable and industrious settler, Mr. S. Hayes, of York Head . . . The Right Rev. Bishop Administrator preached a most impressive and affecting sermon suited to the occasion, and the Music, under the direction of the Right Rev. Dr. Salvado, who had the kindness and condescension to preside in the orchestra, was such as was never before heard in this colony . . .
Your obedient servant, AN OBSERVER.

"Local", Inquirer (28 September 1853), 1 supplement 

On Thursday last an evening party was held at the Catholic school rooms, for the purpose of collecting funds in behalf of the proposed addition to the Chapel - an addition, by the bye, which is much required. There was a large number of visitors, and among them the Governor and Mrs. Fitzgerald, who all appeared to enjoy themselves exceedingly, and we have heard several who were present declare they had not spent a more pleasant evening in the colony. The refreshments were excellent, and received that attention which they deserved. We need scarcely state that the music was of an unusually superior description, when we mention that Bishop Salvado was the performer. Those who were not present on this occasion lost a musical treat, and it is to be hoped that at no distant date the amusement will be repeated, the more especially as, after deducting the costs of the entertainment, there can be no very large surplus to be expended in the manner originally proposed.

"Domestic Sayings and Doings", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (30 September 1853), 2 

Yesterday week, in pursuance of advertisement, an Evening Entertainment took place in the Rooms which have been recently erected for the purposes of a School attached to the Convent of the Sisters of Mercy. There were between two and three hundred persons present, and amongst them His Excellency and Mrs. FitzGerald, the latter of whom presided at one of the tea tables. Tea, cakes, &c, of a superior quality, were provided in abundance, and Bishop Salvado gave the company a great treat by playing, in a manner seldom to be heard, several beautiful pieces of music upon the Harmonium and Pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (9 January 1857), 2 

Colonial Secretary. Registrar General's Office, Perth, January 1, 1857.
IN accordance with the 15th Section of the Ordinance . . . the following list of Ministers duly registered in this office as authorised to celebrate marriage in their respective Districts . . .
Roman Catholic - Bishop Salvado, the Right Rev. R, Perth, Roman Catholic Bishop . . .
Salvado, Rev. Francis, Victoria Plains, Roman Catholic Chaplain . . .

[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (19 February 1858), 3 

. . . It is impossible to read the distressing accounts of India, without feeling a desire to relieve the pains of the unfortunate sufferers. To facilitate it Bishop Serra has proposed to open a Subscription through the colony on their behalf, and donations will be thankfully received . . . at Victoria Plains, by the Right Rev. Dr Salvado and F. Salvado . . .

[Advertisement], The Inquirer and Commercial News (19 September 1860), 4 

Last week's "Government Gazette" publishes the following additional title of Bill to be submitted to the Legislative Council: -
A Bill to naturalize the Rev. Raphael Martelli, the Rev. Francis Salvado, the Rev. Ildephonsus Bertran, and the Rev. Emilian Coll.

Western Australia. To the Editor of the Christian Times", The Inquirer and Commercial News (4 September 1861), 2 

. . . The Church of Rome has two bishops and eight priests; two convents, with sixteen sisters or nuns; two Benedictine missions for the civilisation of the natives, with chaplains and many lay brothers. Both the Romish bishops, and almost all the priests, lay brothers, and sisters are Italian and Spanish, as the names - Serra and Salvado, Martinez, Lecaille, and Martelli - attest; yet these all, with the exception of those on the Aboriginal missions, in common with the Anglican priests and Wesleyan ministers, are paid by the State though not British subjects, and receive annual stipends amounting to £560 . . .

[News], The West Australian Times (11 August 1864), 2 

ON Thursday evening, the 4th instant, a highly interesting and instructive Lecture was delivered to the Catholic Young Men's Society, by Mr. J. T. Reilly, in the large Schoolroom of the Christian Brothers, Perth; there was a full attendance of members, and a large number of visitors, causing the room to be much crowded. The subject of the lecture was "The Lyrics of Ireland," with a short biographical sketch of the poets from whose works he gave quotations. The lecture was well arranged in order of time and merit. Amongst the poets of modern times, he quoted from Moore, Griffin, and Davis, whose merits are well known; and of earlier times, the poetical writings of Carolan, Coleman, Sheridan, and others he named, bore favourable contrast with poets of their times. The lecture was delivered in a manner that would do credit to an older and more practised hand, and received hearty applause from the assembled meeting. The Right Rev. Dr. Salvado presided at the pianoforte, and it need hardly be said the music was splendid . . .

"GENERAL INTELLIGENCE", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (19 August 1864), 2 

We understand that Bishop Salvado is shortly about to proceed to Europe, and will be absent some months from the colony.

"CONDITION OF THE ABORIGINES OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA. To the Editor of . . .", The Inquirer and Commercial News (15 November 1865), 3 

. . . It would occupy too much of your valuable apace were I to fully recount the origin and history of the Mission; suffice it therefore to say that as far back as Jan. 1847, the good work was undertaken by Drs. Serra and Salvado, who were in a few years afterwards (1849) joined by several other clergymen, as well as by a number of their lay brethren, who came hither from their own country to aid them in their apostolic labors . . .

"THE NATIVE MISSION OF NEW NORCIA, VICTORIA PLAINS (Communicated)", The Herald [Fremantle, WA] (4 January 1868), 3 

The native mission of New Norcia, Victoria Plains, owes its foundation, chiefly, and its present hopeful state, entirely, to the zeal, practical talent and unflinching perseverence of Dr. Salvado, who is now in Spain, exerting himself to establish there an institution destined to keep up for the future a supply of missionary laborers . . . There are at New Norcia, two schools, one for boys and the other for girls, the latter being under the supervision of a matron - altogether 54 children. The usual rudiments of English education are taught in both schools, besides sewing and household work for the females - a preeminence being given to religious instruction and the forming of the heart. Schooling is conducted with great discretion, school time no more than two hours a day. Black children soon grow tried of mental application. Long confinement and immobility are considered highly injurious to their physical developement. Although not generally dull, I doubt that they can be compared to the white boys of the same age in quickness of apprehension and retentiveness of memory. Half-caste children show better intelligence. Manual labor of all the sorts which agriculture calls for, affords to the youths more acceptable occupation than poring over books. Singing is a favorite relaxation during school hours. The boys join in the chaunted part of Divine Service on Sundays with much zest, if not always with equal melodiousness. The greater part of their time is spent either in the learning of some handicrafts, or in such light labor, connected with the Establishment, as is proportioned to their respective ages and ability, a good portion of time is allowed to relaxation of mind and body. All the English boyish games are familiar to them. Never day or night are they lost sight of by one of the Missioners. Every Thursday there is a pic-nic in the bush, some miles away from the House, when all sorts of sports such as chasing opossums, climbing trees, spear throwing, and other harmless native habits, are judiciously indulged in. To attempt eradicating at once the deeply rooted customs of the race, even in the rising generation, is not deemed expedient. Roving about in the forests for long hours has a charm for native children, unintelligible perhaps to us, but no less real. When they reach an age that enables them to take part in any useful work they receive adequate payment . . .

"BISHOP SALVADO", The Inquirer and Commercial News (24 March 1869), 2 

We are glad to hear that the right rev. prelate, whose face every one in the colony will be glad again to see, is about to return after a long sojourn on the continent and in England. His Lordship comes by the Robert Morrison, and brings with him a reinforcement to the staff of the clergy of his Church in the persons of two priests, and about thirty Spaniards.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF FREMANTLE. ARRIVED", The Inquirer and Commercial News (26 May 1869), 2 

May 21. - Robert Morrison, ship, 535 tons, C. Horton, from London, 5th Feb.; the Downs, 20th Feb. Passengers . . . Right Rev. Bishop Salvado . . . Revs. S. Salvado and F. Gorcoechen . . . and thirty Spaniards (names not reported) in the steerage.

[News], The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times (18 June 1869), 2 

. . . We understand his Lordship will shortly leave the colony again for Europe to attend the Ecumenical Council at Rome.

"VICTORIA PLAINS (From our own Correspondent) RECEPTION OF DR. SALVADO, at the R. C. MISSION, VICTORIA PLAINS", The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times (18 June 1869), 3 

. . . The procession then halted and his Lordship dressed himself in his Episcopal robes, with mitre and crozier (which were ready for him on a well adorned table at one side of the arch) and gave the Episcopal blessing to all, and proceeded to the Chapel where after a few minutes of fervent and mental prayer, his Lordship began the hymn Te Deum, in which the whole community joined with the harmonium in its full force. After the hymn they all proceeded to the dwelling-house in the same processional order; when at the door his Lordship's attention was called upon by one of the native girls who, in a clear voice, read very correctly an address, in which she welcomed his Lordship, and thanked him for having brought her and her companions from darkness to light from children of the forest to be worthy members of a civilized Christian community . . .

"VICTORIA PLAINS (From our own Correspondent), The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times (27 August 1869), 3 

The newly arrived Brothers at the New Norcia Mission, Victoria Plains, received the habit of St. Benedict's order, on the 14th instant by the hands of Dr. Salvado, who is very shortly to leave the colony . . . The nest day His Lordship administered the Sacrament of Confirmation to twenty-two native boys, eighteen native girls, and some Europeans . . . The chapel was very tastefully decorated, and crowded with people; one of Webbe's Masses was sung in a very masterly manner, his Lordship's brother distinguishing himself in the part he took as Bass; Brother Oltro's [?] accompaniment was well executed, although the instrument is not powerful enough for so many rich voices . . .

"VICTORIA PLAINS. Visit of His Excellency Governor Weld", The Perth Gazette and West Australian Times (19 November 1869), 2-3 

The reception of His Excellency Governor Weld by the Fathers and community of the R. C. Mission, Victoria Plains, was grand yet simple and religious . . . The native girls were at the entrance, of what we may call the street which was decorated with green boughs, they had their own banner; there were also the native boys with theirs, and lastly the community . . . and all in procession order made their way to the Chapel where the Rev. S. Salvado, dressed in officiating robe, received His Excellency in due form, as the monastic ceremonial of Saint Benedict directs in such cases . . . [3] . . . While His Excellency was at supper, a bush band was got up consisting of a violin, concertina, triangle, and a large tin dish which answered instead of a drum; several popular airs were played; and His Excellency was very much pleased, for he knew that every one was doing their very best, and with the best intentions. After the music several selected songs were sang in good style; Masters A. and F. Clinch accompanied on the piano sang the song known as " A motto for every man", as also "God save the Queen," which put an end to the evening's entertainment . . .

"THE TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR OF THE PONTIFICATE OF PIUS IX. To the Editor of . . . ", The Inquirer and Commercial News (8 November 1871), 3 

SIR, - The commemoration of this unprecedented event, since the days of St. Peter, took place at New Norcia on Sunday last, the 24th instant . . . The mass was truly grand and solemn, as the music was all that one could wish for in this world of a wilderness. As soon as his Lordship gave the Pope's benediction, which was received by the congregation in the most edifying manner, the priests retired to unvest, and the Bishop was unvested on the throne. Then a procession was formed as before the mass, the natives leading on with two excellent banners. Again Sergeant Benedict had his men in readiness, and as soon as the Bishop stepped out of the church, another volley was discharged. Here took place one of the most imposing parts of the affair. As soon as the procession reached the gate trom the monastery it righted about and stood in front of the large arch, the Bishop and Fathers standing farthest off. The natives then sang Cardinal Wiseman's hymn, led on by the Very Rev. Canon Martelli, who wielded the baton with some purpose. It was truly grand when both males and females blended their voices together in that part where it says "God bless the Pope, the great, the good," &c. . . .

"FOURTH CONCERT OF THE MINSTELS OF THE WEST", The Herald [Fremantle, WA] (21 June 1873), 3

The success of the concert given in the Perth Town Hall, by the Minstrels of the West and their friends, on Wednesday 11th, was unequivocal and unprecedented . . . The concert is to be repeated on Wednesday next, when the Right Rev. Bishop Salvado has promised to preside at the magnificent piano presented to the Metropolitan public by the Minstrels.

"CONCERT OF THE MINSTRELS OF THE WEST", The Inquirer and Commercial News (2 July 1873), 2 

. . . Before the overture to Tancredi was played through we had recovered our lost temper, magnanimously forgiven the Clerk of the Weather and the City Council, and were in the best possible of humours for listening to the piece de resistance of the concert, the fantasia played on the pianoforte by his lordship Bishop Salvado - truly a masterpiece of instrumental art. Much had been said by those who had had the pleasure of listening to Bishop Salvado's playing of his lordship's wonderful execution, range of power, and versatility, and much was therefore expected from him. The result went to show that the die laudations which have been passed upon him as a musician inadequately express his merits. The pieces selected for the occasion and included in a grand fantasia were performed from memory, and wonderful was the accuracy displayed. The fantasia, which was listened to for fifteen or twenty minutes with an earnest attention that could only arise from a real love of harmony in its purest aspect, required a good deal of cross-handed manipulation; and the way in which his lordship's digits chased each other down the key board, and, as they chased, drew forth a flood of melody, now grave, now gay, now lively, now severe, was astonishing. Not a note was slurred, but each came fall and clear. Astonishing was the manipulation with which the allegro passages were executed, and the audience hung breathless upon the andante movements, in which the performer's fingers, seeming scarcely to touch the keys, produced tones of exquisite softness and thrilling melody, while the forte passages gave proof of his power. In short, we have never heard finer amateur playing; and the audience, from the vehemence of their applause, seemed to be of a similar opinion . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT", The Herald (5 July 1873), 3 

. . . The grand new feature of the programme was the pianoforte playing of His Lordship Bishop Salvado, who had very kindly consented to perform a solo on the fine piano imported by the Minstels. The good Bishop's talents as a musician have been so widely proclaimed that the metropolitan public gladly availed themselves of an opportunity of becoming acquainted with the classical and brilliant virtuoso, for such indisputably is His Lordship. The fantasia on operatic airs selected for the performance advantageously exhibited the charm of his style, his exquisite touch and refined taste, and his perfectly marvellous command over his instrument. For fully a quarter of an hour he kept the audience entranced by his wonderous execution, the effect produced being of a very marked kind. His Lordship played from memory, and by his command of all gradations of tone, from grandeur to delicacy, combined with clearness of accent and rhythm, proved himself an artiste of the most remarkable class. His skilful performance was promptly recognized by the audience, and the applause which followed it was heartily deserved . . .

"WHAT CAN BE DONE WITH OUR ABORIGINES", The Inquirer and Commercial News (26 February 1879), 3 

Not alone are the dark willows from New Norcia equal in the field to many who met them in front of the stumps, but under the careful tuition of His Lordship Bishop and Abbot Salvado, they are proficient in music. Those who heard them at the Roman Catholic Cathedral on Sunday week were charmed with their execution, and it shewed to thoughtful men what might be done besides physical development, - the mental culture of the natives. The Rev. Henry Laurence, who proposed some time since to establish a Mission towards the Murchison, might take a leaf from the book which has been opened in New Norcia by priest as well as laity.

"LETTER IX. MISSION STATION, NEW NORCIA, 10th October 1883", Letters to Guy . . . By lady Barker (lady Broome) (Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1885), 93-100, especially 95-96 (DIGITISED)

. . . However, to return to New Norcia. As soon as we came upon the Mission land we observed here and there a large cross "blazed" upon the trunks of the trees as a boundary mark, and after we had slowly mounted a rather long incline, more than a hill, we came upon the prettiest imaginable sight. Just below us lay a wide fertile valley, with a large and prosperous village or, indeed, town, mapped out by excellent roads and streets, with neat little houses on either side. In the centre stood a goodsized chapel, with fine schools near it; and the large monastery on the opposite side of the road seemed to have a splendid garden at the back, stretching down to the river-side. Between our cavalcade, however, and this building were many arches and flags, and a great concourse of people, chiefly natives and half-castes, all in their best clothes. From amongst these a procession of the good Fathers and the lay Brothers soon detached itself and advanced to meet your father, singing a hymn of welcome. It was really a beautiful sight, and the splendour of the afternoon made it still more beautiful.

We alighted as soon as we met the Fathers, and the Governor walked with them up to the big arch spanning the gateway of the monastery. There an address was presented, and presently we went into the large courtyard, round three sides of which the monastery is built. In front of the wide verandah, on the left, all the school children were drawn up, and behind them again stood the band. Yes, a regular stringed band, some eighteen or twenty strong, of native boys; one playing a big double bass, others violins, a 'cello and so forth. Such nice little fellows - black as jet, but intelligent, well-looking, and well-mannered, and earnest in their work. They were admirably trained and taught, led by a very musical lay Brother.

After the inevitable "God save," the children sang hymns and some of their own little songs quite charmingly; and then all the men on the station were allowed to let off their guns, in a sort of informal salute, this being their great idea of enjoying themselves . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Broome, wife of Frederick Napier Broome (governor)

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Daily News (3 October 1885), 3 

Our correspondent at New Norcia, writing under date, of September 28, says -
"On Sunday, the 20th instant, the rev. and lay fellow-labourers of the New Norcian monks who came out with the Bishop arrived at New Norcia in excellent health and spirits, and on Saturday last Bishop Salvado arrived. The day was beautifully fine, and his lordship's reception was truly a grand one . . . During the reading of the address the people cheered continuously, after which the local Brass Band played several appropriate airs . . ."

"NEWS", Victorian Express [Geraldton, WA] (24 October 1885), 3 

A recent issue of the R. C. Record contains the following very interesting account of the return to New Norcia of the venerable founder of the Native Mission there: -
"On Thursday 17th inst., the Right Rev. Bishop Salvado left Perth for the Mission. The postulants, whom he had brought out with him from Europe, had taken their departure for New Norcia some days previously; the lay brothers by the mission teams, and the Rev. Father Ramon by mail-car in company with the Very Rev. Prior Dominguez, who had come down to meet his Lordship. The reception accorded to the Venerable Bishop was of the warmest description. The tidings of his approaching arrival had drawn together a large number of settlers of the district, and when his Lordship reached the river which crosses the main road some distance below the monastery, he found a large gathering mounted, dismounted, or in vehicles waiting to escort him for the remainder of his journey. On arriving at the monastery, the Bishop, followed by the people comprising his cortege, entered the church, where immediately the "Te Deum" was sung by the monks in thanksgiving for his safe return. Subsequently his Lordship received the individual congratulations of the members of his community - congratulations made especially fervent by the protracted length of his lordship's stay in Europe. An adjournment being made to the monastery square, addresses of welcome were presented. The remainder of the day was spent in holiday fashion, the proceedings being much enlivened by the novelty of the performance of the native brass band. The establishment of this band was the idea of his Lordship. A string band has been in existence amongst the natives of the mission now for some years, and readers of Lady Broome's "Letters to Guy," will recollect the pleasure which she has put on record as accruing to her from their well trained efforts on the occasion of her visit to New Norcia in company with His Excellency Sir Frederick Napier Broome. Encouraged by the success attained with the string instruments, his Lordship during his stay in Europe purchased an ample set of brass, and the industrious efforts of Brother Oltra, seconded by the zeal and aptitude of his dark-skinned pupils, enabled the instruments to be utilized for adding eclat to the welcome accorded to the Right Rev. donor. After his protracted and arduous labours in Europe and the fatigues of his long journey, - now made for the fifth time, - to the shores of Australia, the venerable abbot must doubtless have felt a special sense of pleasure in being once more amongst his own. That he may be long spared to perfect and to consolidate in its perfection, the work he has carried on so far and with such brilliant success on the unpromising soil of Australia, is a prayer in which white man and black, monk and layman, those under his jurisdiction and those not subject to it, alike heartily join."

"NEW NORCIA", Western Mail (13 February 1886), 8

The above station, presided over by his Lordship Bishop Salvado, stands far in advance of any mission for civilizing the native races ever established in the Southern hemisphere, and is almost the only instance of success attending such efforts. To the founder and head of the mission belongs all the honour, and it is only by the sacrifice of a lifetime that his object has been attained. New Norcia stands about eighty miles from Perth, on the main road to Champion Bay. The country was selected by the present Bishop, then Father Salvado, in 1846. He was accompanied by Father Serra and two lay brothers, who, after a few months, returned to Perth, leaving Father Salvado alone to battle his way amongst savage natives and without regular supplies . . . One evening we had an agreeable surprise in the shape of music from a band of twenty-five instruments all played by blacks and half castes belonging to the Mission. They read music which is composed for them by the Bishop, and, under the able management of Bro. Oltra, they have made wonderful progress. They are quick at learning and fond of music. Men who are at work fencing three miles off will walk in of an evening for practice. The old barn, a long roomy building, is given over to them for this purpose and here their instruments are kept . . .

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Daily News (5 March 1886), 3 

At the concert held at Fremantle last Wednesday evening, under the auspices of the "Star of the Sea" branch of the H.A.C.B. Society, Bishop Salvado created no small amount of amusement among the large audience present by saying that he would give them some "genuine Western Australian music." His Lordship fulfilled his promise by playing an Australian corroborrie, and singing an aboriginal song in the native language to his accompaniment. This unique performance was loudly applauded.

"A MODERN MONASTERY. III", The West Australian (4 May 1887), 3 

. . . A description of New Norcia would not be complete without some notice of the brass band of native musicians, who, to give them the feeblest of praise, play in a manner certainly not excelled by any other band in the colony. On the evening of Easter Sunday the natives had a short dance and - for are they not civilized - a musical evening. Not to have attended would have been to seem oblivious to one of the chief attractions of the mission. Before I visited New Norcia, everyone I met who had been there before me, spoke of the band. After I had returned the question of all questions was, "Did you bear the band?" Although more importance was attached to the musical capabilities of the natives, and to the skill of their instructors than to my uninstructed and unmusical mind seemed necessary, yet I would be the lost to ignore the utility of innocent amusement. That the natives should obtain their living by the labour of their own hands is the first desideratum, and after that stage has been reached the necessity of recreation comes in. Music has ever been credited with appealing to the most cultured as well to to the most uncultured of men. The natives at New Norcia are an example of its influence. On this Sunday evening, as we entered the barn-like loft which did duty as a ballroom, the band was playing a lively polka, and several couples were spinning around with as much if not more abandonment to the happiness of the moment as one sees on the face of devoted dancers at any fashionable assembly. Indeed the sight compelled the thought of how united in the elements of pleasure and sorrow is all the human race. With their music, their step dancing, and their round dances, these simple-minded aboriginals were thoroughly and spontaneously happy. There was no look of boredom on their countenances, and in that respect alone did their behaviour differ from that of well-mannered white people. The good monks have not only given their charges the means of harmless amusement, but they have taught them manners. Their behaviour is really the height of good breeding. Orderly, joyous, unaffected, respectful and considerate one to another they all were. Superciliousness, pompousness, sulkiness, to all appearance there was none of it. About their manner of looking at religious matters I am not curious. The fact that they lead God-fearing, industrious lives, working as honest men for their living, and attending to the religious duties enjoined upon them, is surely matter enough for contentment and satisfaction at the work the Benedictines of New Norcia have accomplished.

"A MODERN MONASTERY. IV", The West Australian (17 May 1887), 3 

After a pleasant hour spent in witnessing the simple festivities of the aboriginals and half-castes, Bishop Salvado and the writer returned once more to the cottage, where for two hours or more I had the pleasure of listening to the varied experiences, the interesting anecdotes, and clearly expressed opinions of the Bishop . . . In the schools we met Brother Altro, the organist, bandmaster, and school master of the mission with a class of chubby faced, dark-skinned youngsters around him. As we entered their lesson had just concluded, but the courtesy of their good teacher, who for my edification commenced the reading lesson over again, enabled me to carry away a highly favourable impression of their reading capabilities . . .

"THE BLACKS AT NEW NORCIA", The Daily News (13 February 1892), 3 

SIR, - I stated in my previous letter to you that I had been led to believe that Australian blacks were irreclaimable and impossible of civilisation; whereas a knowledge of things here (New Norcia) shows them in a very different light . . . The Bishop, further, has trained up a band for musical purposes from among them, and there are stringed or brass performances every evening of the week in the small old mill-house. The Bishop is an enthusiast in music, and he had very wisely judged both the capabilities of these decided sons of the soil, and furnish them with a refining and elevating amusement. They perform, and perform well, choice pieces of music; and though they may not compare with finished German bands, or the bands of the crack regiments of the British army, with their first-class training and immense extra power, they do very well. A "brother" is in charge here, too, as "director." Most of the village folks, including the white residents, but not the "brothers," may be found here of an evening, enjoying the performances or perhaps adding to them by joining in singing. Surprised as I had been at everything else that I saw here, this trained band, good music, and the interest all evinced in it, was the crowning surprise. At everything I saw, even the few words I sometimes exchanged with the young children or those grown up, I found how cruelly these aborigines have been treated elsewhere or misrepresented, to the disgrace of humanity. And all these results are owing to the good kind and venerable Bishop, Rt. Rev. Dr. Salvado . . .
Yours, &c., A.M.C.

"THE NEW NORCIA MISSION", The West Australian (8 May 1893), 3 

. . . When a merry peal of bells proclaimed the hour of high mass the church was filled . . . As soon as the celebration was over the congregation filed out across the way to the Mission to hear the brass band, composed entirely of native performers, play several selections. The music was quite a surprise, to me, and I was still more surprised to hear from the Bishop how readily the blacks take to music, and how quickly they master the instruments. In the afternoon there was a cricket match, and, listen ye straight-laced, there was a dance in the evening, at which his lordship presided. What do you think of that for an Easter Sunday programme? . . . The dance was attended by a number of the settlers, and the brass band again performed a few selections. This was, however, superseded by a string band, the instruments all being engineered by natives, several of the "brass artists" also playing the fiddles. They really played remarkably well . . .

"NEW NORCIA", Western Mail (29 April 1898), 34 

. . . After going through the mill, blacksmiths' shop, and boot-makers' establishment, the school was reached. Here was a native teacher who had charge of twenty small urchins, and they went through a very creditable musical drill, which they had been taught by the Bishop. The children also sang in excellent time, "Sweet Belle Mahone," accompanied on the violin by their teacher, and afterwards a small boy of eight played the accompaniment to "Children Go," while the others sang . . . People who have been to or read of the Mission in the past will no doubt say as they read this account, "What about the band?" Alas, the band is now without the head that taught them for so many years, the brother who was bandmaster dying a few months ago, so now the members of the band are scattered over the several different stations, and only at times like Christmas or Easter do they meet, when the Bishop himself leads them. There is, however, a prospect of another brother being brought out to take up the position of bandmaster . . .

"ACTA DIURNA", West Australian Sunday Times (4 February 1900), 1 

Bishop Salvado, Abbot of New Norcia (W. A.), who goes to Rome after half a century of the mitre, carries hosts of droll stories about his early experiences with the natives, and, it is said, intends most of them to see print . . .

"DEATH OF BISHOP SALVADO", The West Australian (1 January 1901), 6 


. . . In his early days before he entered the Church Bishop Salvado was, it is understood, Court Organist to King Ferdinand of Naples and Sicily, and one of his brohers was chaplain to Queen Isabella of Spain.

Extant musical works (manuscripts and original editions):

Fantasia, variaciones y final para piano-forte, compuestas y dedicadas a la excelentisima señora Condesa Lebzenltern

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original MS, Tui Seminary, Spain (DIGITISED)

Gran walz fantastic o sea, un cuarto de ora en la Tertulia, compuesto y dedicado a la senora Marquesa Santasilia

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original ? MS 

Missa a 4 voces, R. Salvado, OSB [Mass in C major for 4 mixed voices]

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original MS (DIGITISED)

Pequeño entretenimiento con aire de marcha compuesto y dedicado a la virtuosa señorita Paquita Patrelli por Rosendo Salvado

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original MS, Tui Seminary, Spain 

Maquielo: cancion de baile de los Australianos occidentales reducida á piano forte por el Ilu'mo D. R. S.

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original MS, New Norcia, WA (DIGITISED)

Published version, in Salvado 1853 (below), unnumbered page after 314 (DIGITISED)

See main entry on this transcription in checklist of Indigenous songs


Metodo de solfeo compuesto por el Il'mo. Rosendo Salvado

National Library of Australia, photocopy of original MS, New Norcia, WA (DIGITISED)

Modern editions:

Richard Divall (ed)., Shearer's polka, written at New Norcia, WA in the 1860's for the Aboriginal Brass Band . . . edited and arranged for piano ([Melbourne]: Richard Divall, [2008])

Richard Divall and Dom Eric Raymond (eds), The piano music of Abbott Dom Rosendo Salvado, 1814-1900, the founder of the Benedictine Holy Trinity Abbey at New Norcia, Western Australia ([Melbourne]: Marshall-Hall Trust, 2002)

Other works:

Memorie storiche dell'Australia, particolarmente della missione Benedettina di Nuova Norcia e degli usi costumi degli Australiani per Rudesindo Salvado (Roma: S. Congreg. de Propaganda Fide, 1851) (DIGITISED)

Memorias históricas sobre la Australia, y particularmente acerca la mision Benedictina de Nueva Nursia y los usos y costumbres de los salvajes, obra escrita en italiana por el Ilmo. P. Fr. Rosendo Salvado, de la órden de San Benito, y obispo de Puerto Victoria; traducida al español por D. F. de D. (Barcelona: Impr. de los Herederos de la V. Pla, 1853) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources (selected):

Joaquin Marti, Historia del origen, padecimientos, progresos, y porvenir de las misiones católicas de Nueva Holanda, fundadas y sostenidas por los Ilmos. y Rmos. PP. Serra y Salvado, monjes españoles del orden de San Benito, que documentos auténticos y originales extraida . . . (barcelona: Imprenta de Los Herederos de la V. Pla, 1850) (DIGITISED)

Baltasar Saldoni, Diccionario Biográfico- bibliogárfico de efemérides de músicos españoles . . . tomo segundo (Madrid: Antonio Perez Dubrull, 1880), 61-63 

MARZO . . . Dia 1., 1814. Nace en Tuy (Galicia) el ilustrísimo P. Fr. Rosendo Salvado. El 24 de Julio de 1829 entró de monje en el monasterio de San Martin, situado en las cercanías de Santiago; y una vez ya profeso, y con objeto de perfeccionarse en los conocimientos qne en la música habia adquirido, pasó de orden de sus superiores al monasterio de Corias, en el que permaneció por espacio de tres años, realizando ventajosos progresos en el arle filarmónico.

En 1835, con motivo de la supresión de los conventos, volvió al hogar paterno hasta Setiembre de 1838, que marchó al monasterio de la Cava, extramuros de la ciudad de Napóles, en donde se hallaba el P. Serra, hoy (Julio 1879) obispo de Daulia, su íntimo amigo desde casi la niñez. El P. Salvado, bajo la dirección de su amigo, hizo los estudios de la filosofía , teo-[62]- logia y cánones, durante los cuales recibió las sagradas órdenes, incluso el sacerdocio.

Encargado del órgano de la Cava, adquirió tal reputación artística , que ningun extranjero abandonaba la capital de las Dos Sicilias sin que antes no hubiese acudido á la Cava para admirar la destreza del monje filarmónico y las melodiosas vibraciones del instrumento, que no sin razón era reputado el primero de Italia. Sin embargo, su sueño dorado eran las misiones de la Australia, lo propio que el P. Serra, áaacute; cuyo fin marcharon á Roma, elevaron su pretensión al prefecto de la Propaganda, y fueron admitidos para tan laudable destino. Estando ya desempeñando con celo extraordinario en aquellos remotos países, fué promovido á obispo de Puerto-Victoria el P. Serra, y al año siguiente, con el mismo título, el P. Salvado. Al pasar éste, antes de ser nombrado Obispo, por la ciudad de Bath, con el fin de reunirse á los misioneros destinadas á Nueva Holanda, al oirle tocar el piano, y viendo el entusiasmo que habia producido en Bath, resolvió dar un concierto público de piano en la ciudad de Perth para aportar socorros á la afligida misión, que carecía de lo principal para la vida; y á pesar de hallarse en un país todo protestante, el gobernador de Perth, señor coronel Clarke, divulgado el proyecto del misionero apostólico, puso á su disposición un salón magnífico y grandioso; que Mr. Witnoom, ministro anglicano, se anticipara á ofrecer lo que nadie hubiese soñado en pedirle, sin embargo de que sus sentimientos no eran heterodoxos por convicción; las arañas del templo protestante, facilitadas por Mr. Witnoom, contribuyeron al realce y al alumbrado de la sala de la academia; y que Mr. Samson, negociante hebreo, rivalizára en celo con dichos señores para el buen éxito de la empresa, queriendo invitar éeacute;l mismo á las ladys ó señoritas inglesas, á fin de que la reunión fuese tan [63] escogida como numerosa. Una escena en verdaa sorprendente presencióse en la noche del 21 de Junio por los habitantes de Perth: un misionero católico, con su hábito monástico, tocando el piano en una brillante reunión de disidentes, á cinco mil leguas de su patria, arrancando á damas protestantes, entusiasmadas de su mérito artístico, no sólo numerosos y repetidos aplausos, si que también abundantes limosnas para salvar su amenazada y afligida misión. Este extraordinario fenómeno de un monje español salvando con dinero protestante una misión católica, revela de un sólo golpe los límites respectivos de la filantropía y lo inmenso de la caridad. El resultado fué satisfactorio, y el producto suficiente para abastecer la misión de abundantes provisiones, y además para la adquisición de un par de bueyes que las trasportáran al interior del desierto. Con estos recursos regresó ufano y triunfante el P. Salvado á la cabana, donde halló al P. Serra en el mayor desconsuelo.

(Copiado de la Historia del origen, padecimientos, progresos y porvenir de las misiones católicas de Nueva Holanda, fundadas y sostenidas por los Ilmos. y Reverendísimos PP. Serra y Salvado, monjes españoles del Orden de San Benito; escrita por el P. Fr. Joaquín Martí, páginas 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23 y 24. - Barcelona, imprenta dé los herederos de la Viuda de Plá , 1850.)

Henry Norbert Birt, Benedictine pioneers in Australia . . . volume 1 (London: Herbert and Daniel, 1911), 468-96, especially 474-75 (DIGITISED)

Dom William [Giminez], "Salvado, Rosendo (1814-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967) 

Xoan-Manuel Carreira, "The piano music of Rosendo Salvado", Studies in music [WA] 23 (1989), 53-60

Eladio Ros, La música en Nueva Nursia ([Madrid]: Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, [1992]) 

[Review]: Michael Noone, Musicology Australia 16/1 (1993), 64-66

Théreèse Radic, The Salvado legacy (New Norcia: The Benedictine Community of New Norcia, 2001) 

Anna Haebich, "Unpacking stories from the New Norcia photographic collection", New Norcia studies 17 (2009), 55-62 (DIGITISED)

SALWAY, William (William SALWAY; pseudonym "SIDONIA")

Amateur choral singer, composer, architect

Born Pimlico, London, England, 1844 (1st quarter); son of Benoni SALWAY (c. 1821-1883) and Jane Elizabeth GODDARD (c. 1819-1861)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 9 January 1854 (per Chance)
Died Richmond, VIC, 18 June 1902, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Margaret, Westminster, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107 / 1480 (PAYWALL)

33 York St. / Benoni Salway / Head / Mar. / 31 / Grocer & F. Dealer / [born] Devon Topsham
Jane [Salway] / Wife / Mar. / 35 / - / [born] Wilts. Sutton
William [Salway] / Son / - / 7 / - / [born] Midd'x Pimlico

[Advertisement], The Age (15 December 1858), 7 

VOCAL MUSIC. 1 George Dennis; *2 James Saunders; *3 William Salway; *4 Edwan M. Stewart; *5 John Furniss . . .
* The names with an asterisk prefixed are in the order of merit, though not entitled to prizes.

[News], The Argus (1 October 1874), 5

At the third general conference of architects held in London on the 15th June, Mr. William Salway (late of Melbourne, and an old colonist), of Hong Kong, was elected an associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects.

"PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED", The Australasian (2 October 1875), 16 

"Take, Oh Take Those Lips Away," is the title of a musical composition set to the words of Shakspeare's ballad by "Sidonia," and published by Lee and Kaye, Collins-street . . .

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 February 1876), 5

. . . The "Evening Star," by Sidonia, is another part-song written expressly for the society, but we do not think that the composer is so much master of part-writing for voices as he is of the more simple form needed for the single voice only, because we have had under notice quite recently some of his compositions in the latter style which were worthy of the highest approval . . .

[News], The Argus (5 August 1876), 7

Messrs. Allan and Co., music dealers, of 13 and 15 Collins-street east, have sent us a copy of a new song entitled "So Far Away." This first edition is printed in London to the order of Messrs. Lee and Kaye, and Messrs. Allan and Co. having become the purchasers of the business of that firm, they are now the publishers of the song in Melbourne. The words are by Emery Gould, and the music is by a Melbourne amateur of well-known talent, who takes "Sidonia" for his nom de plume. The voice movement is in common time in the key of B flat major, and has a rich and sustaining accompaniment, the style of which will be at once understood by those who are acquainted with the "Ave Maria" of Schubert. It is a beautiful song, and it will interest the amateur who possesses a moderately good voice. The highest and final note is B flat above the stave, but the choice between that note and its lower octave is given in type by the composer. It is a song which when well studied will always be effective.

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (18 July 1877), 6

. . . "Sidonia" is the nom de plume of a Melbourne man and musical composer, and from his pen we had a charming part-song, entitled "Moonlight," containing a tenor solo, sung by Mr. Rouvray, and a fully harmonised choral part for four voices . . .

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (5 February 1878), 7

. . . "All are Sleeping," composed for and dedicated to the Metropolitan Liedertafel by an accomplished amateur who modestly hides his name under the initials W. S., and is known here in musical circles by the works he has published under the nom de plume "Sidonia".

"METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 October 1878), 6

The annual meeting of the Metropolitan Liedertafel was held last night in the Athenaeum . . . The report further expressed the appreciation of the committee of the services of the principal artists who had taken part in their performances during the year, and stated that Herr Johannes Elmblad and Mr. W. Salway had been elected honorary members, and that the Society's "golden lyre" had been conferred on the former . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Johannes Elmblad (musician)

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (25 July 1888), 12 

. . . Allan and Company, Collins-street east, send us . . . "Take, oh Take Those Lips Away," song, the words by Shakspeare, the music by Sidonia - a member of the Shakspeare Society of Melbourne - written in the key of B flat, 3 4 tempo, andante sostenuto - a most worthy composition, a charming song, already noticed by us as sung by Mr. Beaumont, and worthy of a place in English contributions to the music of Shakspeare . . .

"MUSIC", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 9

. . . The musical composition for this month is a song entitled Love and Thee, composed by Mr. W. Salway, the well known architect, who is a talented amateur composer, and has published many songs of great merit under the nom de plume of Sidonia . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1902), 9

SALWAY. - On the 18th June, 1902, suddenly, at his late residence 90 Lennox-street, Richmond, William Salway, architect, F.R.I.B.A.

Extant musical works:

So far away, written by Emery Gould, composed by Sidonia, dedicated to Miss Lennon, Geelong (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1876]) (DIGITISED)

Remembrance, song, words by Hamilton Aide, music by Sidonia (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkie's), [? 1880-]) (DIGITISED)

"LOVE AND THEE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 12 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Victoria and its metropolis, past and present (Melbourne: McCarron, Bird, 1888), 530-31 (DIGITISED)

Salway, William, Melbourne, is a native of London, who arrived in this colony in 1854. He was educated at the Scotch College, and subsequently served his articles with Messrs. Reed and Barnes, architects, with whom he remained until 1867, when he took a tour through the empire of China, Ceylon, Singapore and the Philippine Islands. He practised his profession in China from 1868 until 1875, and leaving Hongkong, returned to Melbourne, and commenced practice in 1876 . . . [531] . . . Mr. Salway is a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and a Fellow of the Victorian Institute of Architects. His offices are in Swanston-street.

SAMS, Frederic (Frederic SAMS; Mr. Fred. SAMS)

Musician, vocalist, comic singer, comedian, flautist, agent

Born Darlington, Durham, England, 13 March 1827; son of Joseph SAMS (1784-1860) and Mary Ann BRADY (1787-1834)
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, by 1853 or earlier
Married Sophia Jane Elizabeth BURGIN (1833-1871), Sydney, NSW, 21 February 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after June 1860
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 21 December 1861 (per True Briton, from London and Plymouth, 30 September)
Died Redfern, NSW, 29 September 1863, aged "36" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Quarterly meeting of Durham (Quaker), register of births, 1808-28, fol. 202; UK National Archives, RG 6 / 775 (PAYWALL)

On [13 March 1827] was born at Darlington in the Parish of Darlington in the County of Durham unto Joseph Sams, Bookseller, and Mary, his Wife, a Son who is named Frederic . . .

"THE BOROUGH SESSIONS", Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser (3 March 1847), 7 (PAYWALL)

. . . Acquitted. - Frederic Sams, aged 19, embezzling £2 13s. 2d., the property of his master, Edward Blanc . . .

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1853), 3 

February 21st, by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, L.L.D., Mr. Frederic Sams, only son of Joseph Sams, Esq., Antiquarion [sic], of Great Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn, London, to Sophia Jane Elizabeth, only surviving daughter of the late Mr. Henry William Burgin, of Parramatta.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1854), 8

PARRAMATTA - FREDERIC SAMS, Auctioneer, Appraiser, and General Commission Agent, Church-street . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 October 1854), 3 

NEWCASTLE. Ventriloquism and Music, in the Court-house, Saturday and Monday, 28th and 30th instants.
MR. SCIPIO M. CLINT, the VENTRILOQUIST, will give Two of his highly POPULAR ENTERTAINMENTS on the above Evenings, which will he varied by Songs, by Mr. Frederic Sams.
For opinions of the press, &c., see bills. Cards of admission - Front seats, 4s.; back ditto, 2s. Gd.; to be had of the Agent, Commercial Hotel.

ASSOCIATIONS: Apart from his handful of advertised performances in NSW in 1854, nothing is known of Scipio M. Clint; his name, however, was probably borrowed from the English engraver Scipio Clint

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 November 1854), 1 

MR. SCIPIO M. CLINT, the Ventriloquist, begs to inform the inhabitants of East Maitland and its vicinity, that he intends giving one of his Illustrated Lectures on the above Art, in the
COURT HOUSE, EAST MAITLAND, On SATURDAY EVENING, November 4th, when he trusts to have a share of that patronage which has been awarded him in Melbourne, Sydney, and other parts of the colonies . . .
PART II. A VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL INTERLUDE, in which Mr. F. Sams will appear as "Villiam," alias "Billy Nutts the Poet;" "The Wretched Little Man;" and in a Comic Scena entitled "Toddlin off to Market;" in all of which he will be assisted by Mr. E. Faning, who will likewise appear in some of his celebrated Solos . . .
Pianist - Mr. E. Faning. Agent - Frederick Sams.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Faning (pianist, vocalist)

MUSIC: Billy Nutts the poet (ballad); The wretched little man (comic song, "Some folks there are . . ."; words by William Henry West)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1855), 1 

SCHOOL OF ARTS. - Miss BASMANN and Mrs. FAIRBURN beg most respectfully to inform their friends and the public that their second CONCERT will take place at the above institution, on WEDNESDAY evening next, 18th July. They will be assisted by the celebrated tenor, Mr. J. Fairchild; Mr. Stewart; and the renowned comic singer, Mr. Frederick Sams; and Miss A. Hart, her second appearance as vocalist. PROGRAMME. - PART I . . . Comic Song (in character) - The wretched little man - Mr. F. Sams . . . PART II . . . Comic Song (in character) - The Irishman - Mr. F. Sams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Wilhelmina Basmann (pianist); Joseph Fairchild (vocalist); Ada Hart (actor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1855), 1 

WOLLONGONG AND DAPTO. - FAIRCHILD'S CONCERTS - Mr. J. FAIRCHILD has the honour to announce to the inhabitants of Wollongong and Dapto that he intends giving Grand Evening Concerts, on MONDAY, TUESDAY, and WEDNESDAY, 23rd, 24th, and 25th instant, at Mr. OSBORNE'S Commercial Hotel, Wollongong; and THURSDAY and FRIDAY, the 20th and 27th Instants, at Mr. G. W. Brown's, Dapto. Mr. J. Fairchild will be assisted by Miss Basmann, a pianist and vocalist of high standing; Mademoiselle Lorette from the Royal Academy of Music, London, and late of the Victoria Theatre, Sydney; and Mr. Frederick Sams, a celebrated comic singer, delineator, and comedian, from the Melbourne and Geelong theatres, who will appear in character, in several of his favourite songs and extravaganzas . . .
F. HARRINGTON, manager.

"MUSICAL NOTICE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (21 July 1855), 2 

We are happy to be able to inform our readers that Mr. Fairchild who has gained some celebrity as a Tenor singer at the different concerts in Sydney, Miss Bassman, a pianist and vocalist of high standing and Madamoiselle Lorette, from the Royal Academy of music, London, and late of the Victoria Theatre, Sydney, intend shortly visiting Bathurst and the adjacent towns, the particulars of which will be advertised in our columns. This company have also secured an addition in the person of Mr. Frederic Sams, a celebrated comic singer, delineator and comedian, from the Melbourne and Geelong theatres, who will appear in character in some of his favourite songs and extravaganzas. - Communicated.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1855), 1 

SHOALHAVEN . . . FAIRCHILD'S talented Company . . . August 1 . . .
KIAMA . . . including Mr. FREDERIC SAMS, the renowned Comic Singer . . . July 30 and 31 . . .

"SHOALHAVEN [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT] OUR FIRST PUBLIC CONCERT", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (11 August 1855), 5 

There are few events occurring in the history of a young district, that speak more intelligibly of the public opinion of the social position of its People, than professional singers and theatricals venturing from the gay and crowded city, to "fret an hour" upon a temporary country stage . . . and hence Mr. Fairchild with his talented and well conducted company, favoured us with their appearance on the 1st instant, and I am happy to say that their expectations on this first occasion, were fully and liberally responded to, the room being crowded with the elite and fashion of the district . . . Mr. Frederick Sams absolutely convulsed with laughter, both old and young, with his comic songs, and equally comic acting of his songs - every feature richly and expressively pictured forth, the merry, the doleful, or the comic, as the song required. "Solomon Lob," "Villikins and his Dinah," "The Workus Boy," "The Old Irish Gentleman," and the Duet with Miss Bassman - "One Day, while working at my Plough" - were true to the life: they could not be excelled . . . On Monday the 6th there will be a Ball, and on Tuesday Mr. Fairchild and Company take their departure: we all wish them a pleasant and happy trip, and success in their wanderings, not forgetting a happy return after Christmas. By the bye of this same trip to Shoalhaven, it is eminently due to the Sydney Manager and Directors' of the Nora Creina steamer to return them public thanks for their liberality, and well conceived, generosity in giving the Concert Company a free passage . . .

MUSIC: Solomon Lob (music by J. Blewitt); Villikins and his Dinah (see also Wikipedia); The old Irish gentleman (by Alexander Lee); One day while working at my plough (comic duet)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1855), 1 

ROYAL POLYTECHNIC, Pitt-street. - FAIRCHILD'S grand and unique entertainment for one night only.
MR. J. FAIRCHILD'S MUSICAL MELANGE, at the Polytechnic on FRIDAY EVENING, August 10, concluding with Love's Stratagems, See programmes to-morrow.
POLYTECHNIC - The laughter creating and side splitting comic songs by Mr. FREDERICK SAMS, the celebrated comedian, at Fairchild's Concert, TO-MORROW; EVENING, Friday.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1855), 1 

PARRAMATTA. - Fairchild's Musical and Theatrical Entertainments . . .
at Mr. C. New's, Royal Oak Inn, on MONDAY EVENING, August 18th . . .
including Mr. Frederick Sams, the celebrated comic singer, delineator, and comedian. See bills. Admission, 4s. LIVERPOOL. - Theatricals for the first time in Liverpool. - FAIRCHILD'S talented company . . .
concluding with the roaring musical farce of "The Loan of a Lover," at Mrs. Graham's (late Royal George) Inn, on TUESDAY EVENING, August 14th. Come and hear the side-splitting comic songs of Mr. Frederic Sams, the celebrated comedian. Admission, 4s.

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS IN BATHURST", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (15 September 1855), 2 

Bathurst during the last month has been nearly inundated with theatricals and musicians, German wanderers with their musical boxes, Italian whistlers, and professional vocalists. Of this latter class Fairchild's Company, combining both theatrical and musical, have arrived with professedly the best pianist, the best comic singer, the best comedian, and the best tenor singer in the colonies. This was startling, but having read of Barnum's modesty in these matters, we looked upon these pretensions as a trifle or so exaggerative. On Wednesday evening the company gave their first entertainment, but owing to the unfavourable state of the weather, it was thinly attended. Their second entertainment took place on Thursday; it was thinly but respectably attended, and gave general satisfaction . . . Miss Basmann is an excellent pianist, sings well, and will make a good actress. Mr. Sams performed the part of the poor artist very respectably. We trust the company will find their professional tour a lucrative one.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal [NSW] (15 September 1855), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre, Durham Street.
SATURDAY EVENING, SEPT. 15, will conclude with the very laughable farce, with the original songs, entitled the LOAN OF A LOVER.
Captain Amersfort (a young gentleman in love) - Mr. FAIRCHILD.
Peter Spyk (also in love, but won't know it) - MR. FREDERIC SAMS . . .
Also, an ENTIRE CHANGE of the PROGRAMME of Songs, Duetts, and Instrumental Solos . . .
A fresh and side-splitting budget of Extravaganzas by Mr. Frederic Sams, the celebrated Comic Singer and Comedian.
Nights of performance next week - Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday . . .
Will shortly be produced, Dibdin's Comic Opera of the WATERMAN . . .

MUSIC: The loan of a lover (vaudeville by James Planche); The waterman (Dibdin)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (14 December 1857), 1 

Conductor of the Circle, Manager and Sole Proprietor, Mr. Henry Burton; Ring Masters, Messrs. Cook and Taylor; Clowns, Messrs. Holmes and Yeamans; Agent, Mr. Fred Sams; Treasurer, Mr. Slocome . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Burton (proprietor)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (29 March 1858), 3 

ASHTON'S British and American CIRCUS AND HIPPODROME . . .
MR. TROY KNIGHT, Delineator of Negro Life and Henry Russell's Songs . . .
Sole Proprietor - MR. JAMES ASHTON.
Master of the Circle - MR. FREDERIC SAMS.
E. TOTTEN, Agent (Late of Rainer's Serenaders.)

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ashton (proprietor); Troy Knight (vocalist); Elbert Totten (agent)

[Advertisement], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser [VIC] (23 July 1858), 2 

With the greatest and most talented company on the diggings . . .
VOCALISTS - Dixon and Fairchild . . .
Also supported by COMIC SINGING by Mr. John McEwen [sic] and Mr. Frederic Sams.
And the only and last appearance of Troy Knight, the celebrated {REDACTED] Johnson, and delineator of Russell's songs, scenes, &c.
The evening's entertainment will be added to by the performance of the Maryborough German Glee Club, for this night only.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8 o'clock sharp. Admission, Half-a-crown.
Leader, Mr. S. Radford; Conductor, Herr Schluter.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Radford (violinist, band leader); Adolph Schluter (pianist); John McEwan (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1858), 1 

SAMS, Darlington, County Durham, passenger of same name, per Pirate, from Sydney, on 27th, address Frederic Sams, Golden Age, Maryborough.

[Advertisement], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (21 January 1859), 2 

BIRNIE'S FREEMASON'S HOTEL, Maryborough. - Saturday evening, January 22nd. Admission free.
Engagement of Mr. Frederic Sams, Comic Singer and Flautist, and Herr Freeling, Pianist.
The chair to be taken at 6 o'clock by Old Jack.

[Advertisement], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (11 February 1859), 2 

BIRNIE'S FREEMASON'S HOTEL, MARYBOROUGH. Saturday Evening, February 12th, 1859, The only Free Concert in Maryborough, supported by Mr. Frederic Sams, Comic Singer and Flautist; Herr Freeling, Pianist and Baritone. New Local Song, on the Times, &c., by Mr. Sams.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 May 1859), 8 

STORK HOTEL, Elizabeth-street north.
For DANCING the HIGHLAND FLING Prize, a Silver Medal.
Wednesday, 25th, for the Sword Dance And Friday, 27th, for the Scotch Reel.
First appearance of Mrs. WILLIAMSON, The renowned Characteristic Vocalist.
Re-appearance of Miss A. TERESE PHILLIPS, The favorite Contralto.
And Great success of Mr. FREDERIC SAMS, Comic Singer, Comedian, and Flautist.
Assisted by a host of talent too numerous to mention in an advertisement.
Drinks at bar prices.

[Advertisement], The Kyneton Observer (12 July 1859), 4 

GRAND CONCERT will take place at the above Theatre . . . On WEDNESDAY NEXT, 13th Inst.
The following distinguished Artists will make their first appearance in Kyneton: -
MRS. STEWART ELLIS, of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society,
MR. FREDERIC SAMS, Comic Singer and Comedian.
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . Extravaganza - Mr. F. Sams . . .
Comic song - "Life of a showman," - Mr. F. Sams . . .
Part II . . . Burlesque - "Teetotal Society" - Mr. F. Sams . . .
Comic duett - "Little farm" - Mrs. Ellis & Mr. Sams . . .
Ye melancholie hystorie of "My love is dead" - Mr. F. Sams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Stewart Ellis (vocalist); Frederick Woodin (pianist)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (4 June 1860), 3 

Messrs. WRIGHT BROTHERS, Violin Soloists,
Mr. FRED. SAMS, Comic Vocalist and Flautist,
Mr. H. DANIELS, late of the Princess Theatre Melbourne,
Intend giving a Varied and Amusing Entertainment TONIGHT

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (8 June 1860), 5 

Vocal and Instrumental Music, By Messrs. Wright Brothers, Daniels, and Fred. Sams.

ASSOCIATIONS: Therese Schmidt (dancer); Wright brothers (violinists)

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 June 1860), 1 

FRED. SAMS (comedian), - important news from Darlington. Write to 7 Collins-street east.

NOTE: The news was probably that his father was either gravely ill or already dead (Joseph Sams died at Darlington, County Durham, on 18 March 1860), and it was evidently in response to this that Frederic immediately sailed for England

"CLUNES (From our own Correspondent) 28th June", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (29 June 1860), 2 

We have had a very agreeable treat here the last two evenings by the appearance of Messrs. Wright Brothers, violinists, Messrs. Daniels, Fred. Sams, and others, comic and sentimental vocalists. The entertainment was of a varied character, comprising most exquisite instrumentation by Messrs. Wright, comical effusions by Daniels and Sams, choice national melodies by a gentleman I wot not of, natural magic cleverly illustrated by deceptive adroitness, and dissolving views with beautifully managed chromatrope effects. Mr. J. Wright's solos on the violin could hardly be surpassed by the renowned Miska Hauser, and the vis comica shown by Sams in his character songs, was rich and rare. Altogether the entertainment was of unusual excellence, but indifferently patronised.

England census, 1861, Thornbury, Gloucestershire; UK National Archives, RG 9 / 1748 (PAYWALL)

Joseph Sams / Head / Mar. / 52 / Banker / [born] Somerset Somerton
Sophia Eliza [Sams] / Wife / [Mar.] / 37 / - / Durham Darlington . . .
Frederic [Sams] / Brother-in-law / Mar. / 34 / "Proprietor of Houses" (Gent) / Durham Darlington . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederic's sister, Sophia, had married a Sams cousin

List of passengers, per True Briton, from London, 30 September 1861, for Melbourne; Public Records Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

. . . Cabin Passengers . . . Mr. Fred'k Sams / 34 . . .

Affidavit, Frederic Sams, 19 March 1862, in case of Sams v Sams & Robinson; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

. . . 17. That on [12 March 1862] I was informed by Elizabeth the wife of the said Charle Boyle that my said wife informed her that she (my said wife) had committed adultery with the said William Robinson and that she was six months advanced in pregnancy by the said William Robinson . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY . . . Friday, 9th May . . . SAMS v. SAMS", The Age (10 May 1862), 4 

An application was yesterday made to the Chief Justice for alimony in the divorce suit of Sams v. Sams. The petitioner in the main suit is a musician, resident at Richmond, living on his property. His wife assumes his annual income at £430, and asks £100 out of that for her support. The petitioner himself calculated it at £120, and suggested that only one-fifth of that sum should be allowed. The court fixed the amount at £150, and decreed £30 per annum out of it, payable weekly, commencing from the date of the service of the citation.

"SUPREME COURT", The Age (10 May 1862), 7 

. . . the respondent stated that his income was only £120 per annum, and that it was derived from a principal of £3000. That he had no other property but a cottage in which he resided, valued at £200, that he had to support the three children of the marriage, and that since the 8th March, 1862, the petitioner had received 10s per week . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 January 1863), 1 

MELBOURNE-MANUFACTURED SARSAPARILLA - Sole Agent, F. SAMS, Blyth's-buildings, Hindley-street.
Publicans supplied in cases of about eight dozen. Constant supply every steamer.
GLOBE LEMONADE BOTTLES ON SALE, cheap. F. SAMS, Blyth's-building.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (21 January 1863), 1 

FREDERIC SAMS, Blyth's-buildings, Hindley-street, WHOLESALE EXPORTER of South Australian Provisions, and IMPORTER of Melbourne Manufactures.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1863), 8 

FUNERAL. - I.O.O.F.,M.U., Sydney District.
The District Officers respectfully invite the members of the Order to attend the FUNERAL of our departed Brother FREDERIC SAMS, of the South Australian District. The procession will move from his late residence, Taylor's-buildings, George-street, Redfern, on WEDNESDAY, the 30th September, at 3 o'clock p.m. . . .

Register of burials, St. Stephen's, Newtown, 1854-57, page 371; Anglican parish registers, Sydney, NSW (PAYWALL)

No. 11498 / Frederick Sams / Redfern / [died] Sep'r 29 / [buried] Sp'r 30 / 36 years . . .

SANDER, Bernard (Bernard SANDER; Mr. B. SANDER)

Musicseller, publisher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1860s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? Names and descriptions of passengers per Herald of the Morning, from Liverpool, 21 August 1854, for Melbourne, December 1854; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Julius Sander / 20 // Bernard [Sander] / 13 / [both English] . . .

Register of admissions, United Tradesman's Lodge, Adelaide, 1863; Library and Museum of Freemasonry, London (PAYWALL)

[Admitted] 1863 May 26 / . . . Sander Bernard / 24 / Adelaide / Shop Keeper . . .

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (5 April 1864), 2 

We visited on Monday the new musical repository of Mr. B. Sander, 11, Hindley-street. The establishment is very nicely furnished and finished, and is well stocked with a large assortment of musical instruments of all descriptions. Mr. Sander seems determined to deserve a fair share of the public's patronage.

[Advertisement], The Adelaide Express (23 April 1864), 3 

MUSICAL DEPOT. - B. SANDER begs to inform the public that he has opened, a
MUSICAL REPOSITORY at No. 11, Hindley-street, two doors from the Exchange Hotel.
The stock comprises - PIANOFORTES, 6 1/2 to 7 octave, by some of the best makers.
HARMONIUMS in large varieties, from 1 to 15 stops, suitable for the drawing-room or churches.
ALSO, An unrivalled assortment of
Brass Instruments
Flageolets, Clarionets, Flutes
Piccolos, Fifes, Drums, Tambourines
Triangles, Violins, Violoncellos
Guitars, Flute Harmoniums
Seraphines, Concertinas
Accordions, Flutinas, &c.
ALSO, A large seleotion of MUSIC.
Harmoniums, Flutinas, Concertinas, and other musical instruments TUNED and REPAIRED.
PIANOFORTE TUNERS sent to all parts of the country.
Address B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street. (Two doors from the Exchange Hotel.)

[Advertisement], The Adelaide Express (22 December 1864), 2 

CONCERTINAS in very large variety,
including German Concertinas, 20 keys, Organs, Celestials, Inlaid, Fluted, &c.; Piano Concertina, 31 and 39 keys each; English Concertinas, Chromatic Concertinas. B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street, Two doors from the Exchange Hotel.
NEW MUSIC. NEW MUSIC. - Just received, by late shipments,
a well-assorted stock of Music, comprising Operas, Operatic Airs, National Airs, English, Scotch, and Irish Melodies, Sacred Airs, Negro Meledies, Marches, Fantasias, Songs, Ballads, Duets, Trios, Mazurkas, Quadrilles, Waltzes, Polkas, Schottiches, Gallops, Exercises, &c., &c. B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street.
HARMONIUMS (by Alexandre), with one, three, six, ten, and fourteen stops. B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street.
PIANOFORTES. - Cottages, Semi-Cottages, and other models, by first-rate makers. B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street.

"GENERAL NEWS", The Adelaide Express (15 February 1865), 1 supplement 

We have had an opportunity of inspecting a fine cabinet organ by Mason & Hamlin at the establishment of Mr. B. Sander, Hindley-street. It is the largest of its kind yet introduced in this city. It has eight stops, two rows of keys, and (by means of the stops) a compass of seven octaves. The tone of the instrument is exceedingly sweet, and when the full organ is on very powerful. There is a marked difference between the construction of the key boards of this organ and the large harmoniums. The full organ being on the lower row which gives the performer a much greater command of the instrument. The automatic swell is also a great acquisition - giving a perfect crescendo and diminuendo. It is the best substitute for a chamber organ or even for small churches we have seen, and will well repay a visit from any one who may be desirous of inspecting it.

[Advertisement], The Adelaide Express (27 February 1865), 3 

Recommended by the Musical Profession as greatly superior to Harmoniums, and all other small Organs.
The cost of them is moderate, and no Family, School, or Church that has a place to keep it, and the ability to use it, can afford to be without.
Send for Catalogue, giving full description, to B. SANDER, 11, Hindley-street. Sole Agent for South Australia.
HARMONIUMS, with one, three, five, six, eight, ten, and fourteen stops. At B. SANDER'S, 11, Hindley-street.
MUSIC for the Piano, Harmonium, Organ, Violin, Guitar, Cornet, Saxehorn, and Concertina, At B. SANDER'S, 11, Hindley-street.
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description may be chosen from the largest assortment in this colony, WHOLESALE and RETAIL. At B. SANDER'S, 11, Hindley-street.

"POLICE COURT - PORT ADELAIDE. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20 . . . CHARGE OF ILLEGAL POSSESSION", The South Australian Advertiser (21 September 1865), 3 

Charles Hains, Pawn-broker, appeared to a complaint of Louis Sanders, store keeper, that he had in posession a piano, the property of Bernard Sander, music seller, which was pawned by Mrs. Hulke. Mr. Dempster for informant. It was proved the piano was only hired, and an order was made for its delivery on payment of the money advanced upon it.

"LOCAL COURT - PORT ADELAIDE. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10 . . . FULL JURISDICTION", The Adelaide Express (12 October 1865), 3 

Ellen Hulke, charged with unlawfully pawning a piano, value £44, the property of Bernard Sanders, Adelaide, with Charles Haines, Port Adelaide. Mr. Dempster for prosecutor, and Mr. Edmonds for prisoner. Committed to gaol for six months.

Musical editions:

Wedding hymn (Pounsett, 1865)

Wedding hymn, poetry by James Fawsett, music by Henry Pounsett, dedicated by the author very respectfully to Miss Marie Chalker, as a tribute of respect for colonial talent, and to the ladies of South Australia (Adelaide: B. Sander, 1865); "Printed by Joseph Elliott and Co., music printers" (DIGITISED)

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (23 May 1865), 2 

We have received a copy of the "Wedding Hymn," written by Mr. James Fawsett, set to music by Mr. H. Pounsett, dedicated to Miss Maria Chalker and the ladies of South Australia, printed by Elliott & Co., and published by Mr. B. Sander, of Hindley-street. The music is harmonized for four voices, in the key of E flat, with pianoforte accompaniment; but the soprano is of itself sufficiently melodious to be sung as a solo. It may also be sung as solo and chorus by repeating each verse, either with or without the intervening symphony. The printing is clear, and, as a specimen of this kind of typography, a credit to the colony. And as the poetry and music are also suggestive of very pleasing ideas, the "Wedding Hymn" cannot fail of becoming a favourite, particularly with those to whom it is addressed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Pounsett (composer); Marie Chalker (dedicatee); James Fawsett, about whom little else is known, was a school teacher and religious instructor; while serving in the latter role on the emigrant ship Shackamaxon, at sea on 20 November 1852 he married fellow emigrant Elizabeth Cooper Viney (d. VIC, 1888) and registered the marriage in Adelaide on 26 February 1853; in 1868 a case was brought to court against him for having deserted his wife, he apparently having gone to Sydney.

SANDER, Conrad (Conrad SANDER)

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Burton (proprietor); Jacob Young (musician)


Tenor vocalist, choral singer

Born Great Ayton, Yorkshire, England, 1823; baptised Great Ayton, 23 December 1823; son of Francis SANDERSON (c. 1773-1851) and Sarah BULMER (c. 1778-1847)
Married Ellen ROBINSON, Holy Trinity, Stockton-On-Tees, Durham, England, 1 April 1848
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 June 1849 (per Edward Parry, from London, 9 March, and Plymouth 20 March)
Died North Adelaide, 20 October 1901, in his 80th years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 6 June 1841, Ayton, Yorkshire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1257 / 3 (PAYWALL)

Flour Mill / Frances Sanderson / 68 / Shoemaker / [born in county]
Sarah / 62 // Catherine / 23 / Dress Maker // Francis / 17 / Saddler // James / 10 / [all born in county]

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian (22 June 1849), 2 

June 21 . . . The ship Sir Edward Parry, 575 tons, B. D. Freeman, from London, 9th March, Plymouth, 20th March . . . Francis Sanderson, wife and child . . .


On Wednesday morning the Lord Bishop of Adelaide held a visitation at Christchurch, North Adelaide . . . Several clergymen assisted in reading the morning service; the choir, under the able direction of Mr. Greenwood, organist of the church, giving every effect to the musical and intoned portions. Nothing so nearly resembling a Cathedral service had before been heard in South Australia. Handel's immortal recitative and chorus "Comfort ye my people," and "Every valley shall be exalted," were introduced by Mr. Sanderson, one of the choir . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Greenwood (organist); Augustus Short (bishop)

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (3 May 1855), 3 

The first concert of this Society was given last evening in the Baptist Chapel, Lefevre-terrace. There was a full and very respectable attendance. The programme was entirely of sacred music, the selections being from the works of Handel, Mendelsohn, Kent, Glover, Faucett, and Spohr. . . . The first part concluded with a solo and chorus called "Zion." The solo was taken by a tenor singer, Mr. Sanderson, and was well sung, a little move modulation only being wanted . . . To the conductor and leader great praise is due; and Mr. Lillywhite and Mr. Chapman efficiently sustained their parts, and Mr. Light presided ably at the harmonium.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Lillywhite (conductor); William Chapman (violin, leader); George Thomas Light (harmonium); North Adelaide Choral Society (organisation)

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (10 April 1857), 2 

The concert of sacred music performed yesterday evening, at the Lefevre-terrace Chapel, was decidedly the most successful of any hitherto given by the North Adelaide Choral Society . . . The principal vocal performers were Miss Petman and several young ladies connected with the Society, Mr. Daniel (conductor), Messrs. Sanderson, Peryman, and others whose names we could not ascertain. Amongst the instrumentalists were Mr. Chapman (leader), Mr. Davenport (pianist), Messrs. Betteridge, Loader, Kearnes, McMinn, Clisby, and Lowe. The entire orchestra consisted of about forty vocal and instrumental performers. Among the most successful of the harmonized pieces, we may mention Mendelssohn's quartette, "But the Lord is mindful;" Rossini's quartette, "Where are thy bowers, O Canaan;" and the chorus, "Sing unto God," from Judas Maccabeus . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Pettman (vocalist); Josiah Wyke Daniel (conductor); Henry Betteridge (musician); Redford Clisby (musician)

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (1 October 1857), 2 

The third concert of this Society took place yesterday evening, at White's Room. The audience was a more than usually large one, there being at least 300 persons present. The first part of the programme, which contained an excellent selection of overtures, glees, choruses, and songs, commenced with one of Boildieu's spirited overtures, from "Jean de Paris," which was followed by a glee, very fairly sung. The best received effort in this part of the entertainment, however, was a duet "I've wandered in dreams," sung by Miss Pettman and Mr. Sanderson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Adelaide Choral Society (organisation)

MUSIC: I've wandered in dreams (Wade)

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (5 February 1858), 2 

The members of this popular Institution had another opportunity on Thursday last of spending an evening in a most pleasing and interesting manner by attending the conversazione at White's Assembly Room . . . probably not less than 700 persons were present. His Excellency Sir R. G. MacDonnell presided . . . In addition to the lecture . . . a number of songs, duets, glees, and other musical compositions were performed during the evening, including Danby's much admired glee, "Awake AEolian Lyre;" Wade's "I've wandered in dreams," a duet by Miss Petman and Mr. Sanderson; a rondo for the violin and piano, by Mr. Chapman and Herr Linger; and Mozart's "Farewell, awhile we sever," by Mr. Daniel and Miss Tozer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Graves MacDonnell (governor); Carl Linger (piano); Caroline Tozer (vocalist)

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (26 April 1858), 3 

The quarterly concert and conversazione of this Institute was held on Friday evening, the 23rd instant. About a hundred persons were present, who appeared much delighted with the evening's entertainment. Mr. G. E. Hamilton, C.E.. presided, and the proceedings commenced with a fantasia on the pianoforte, which was brilliantly executed by Mr. Phillips. In acknowledgment of a subsequent encore this gentleman played a lively and spirited polka, which was understood to be his own composition. Several songs, duets, and glees followed, in which Mrs. Derrington and Messrs. Derrington, Sanderson, and others took part, Mr. Greenwood presiding at the pianoforte. The songs had been selected with great taste, and, among so many gems, it is difficult to say which pleased most . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosa and Edwin Derrington (vocalists); Mr. Phillips (pianist)

"CONCERT AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (5 June 1858), 4 

A correspondent has sent the following: - "Mr. S. N. Edwards gave a grand miscellaneous concert of vocal and instrumental music, on Monday last, in Mr. Jas. Martin's corn store, assisted by the following professionals: - Vocalists: Miss Lingellbach, Miss Petman, and Mr. Sanderson. Pianist: Miss Rowe . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Solomon Nicholas Edwards (vocalist); Sophie Lingelbach (vocalist); Louisa Jane Rowe (pianist)

"ALL SAINTS' CHURCH, HINDMARSH", South Australian Register (26 August 1858), 3 

One of the most numerously-attended tea meetings ever held in the colony took place on Wednesday evening at Mr. Crawford's extensive corn-store, Hindmarsh, kindly lent for the occasion, and which was decorated with an immense profusion of evergreens. His Lordship the Bishop of the Diocese occupied the chair, who, after a short prayer offered up by the Rev. Mr. Schoales, and the singing of an anthem from the 93rd Psalm by the choir of Christchurch, North Adelaide, addressed the assembly at some length . . . Several anthems, besides that mentioned above, were performed during the evening very effectively. Messrs. Sanders and Sanderson sang the solos. Mr. Greenwood presided at the harmonium.

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND ENDOWMENT SOCIETY", Adelaide Observer (16 June 1860), 2 

On Monday evening the inauguration meeting of this Society was held in White's Rooms, King William-street. His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief presided, and was surrounded on the platform by the following gentlemen: - The Lord Bishop of Sydney (Metropolitan), the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, the Lord Bishop of Adelaide . . . On the platform behind the speakers was a choir of singers, under the leadership of Mr. Greenwood, who presided at the harmonium. The proceedings were opened by a short prayer, delivered by the Lord Bishop of Adelaide. The choir sang an anthem from the 83rd Psalm, the leading parts being taken by Miss Rowe, Mr. Ball, and Mr. Sanderson . . .

"DEATHS", The Express and Telegraph (21 October 1901), 2 

SANDERSON. - On the 20th October, at Tynte-street, North Adelaide, Francis Sanderson, in his 80th year.

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (22 October 1901), 4

Two old colonists have just joined the great majority, Mr. Henry Everard, aged 76, and Mr. Francis Sanderson, aged 80 years, both of whom resided in Tynte-street, North Adelaide. Mr. Sanderson was a Yorkshireman, and was born at Stockton. He came to South Australia in the ship Sir Edward Parry about 1848. He was a member of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, and some years ago was a tenor singer of considerable prominence. He was in business as a saddler in Grenfell-street on the site now occupied by the British and Foreign Bible Society . . .

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (23 October 1901), 4 

Mr. Francis Sanderson, whose death at Tynte street, North Adelaide, took place on Sunday, was for many years in business in Grenfell street as a saddler. He was born in Yorkshire, and came to South Australia about 53 years ago. He was an active worker in connection with friendly society enterprises. He took a great interest in music, and was at one time a leading tenor in several choral societies and a member of a church choir. He leaves a widow and two daughters - Mrs. George Green, of Malvern, and Mrs. H. L. Hurst.


Amateur musician, vocalist, surgeon

Born c. 1814
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1840s


Musician, vocalist, guitarist, guitar player (New Orleans Serenaders; Ohio Serenaders, Howard's Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1851
Active Melbourne and Geelong, VIC, October-November 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? [Advertisement], The Scotsman [Scotland] (17 November 1847), 1 (PAYWALL)

MESSRS. SANFORD [sic], BURKE, OLE BULL, Jun., RAINER, and SWAISE [sic] . . .

? "NEW ORLEANS SERENADERS", Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette [England] (27 May 1848), 3 (PAYWALL)

This talented company, consisting of Messrs. Sandford, Burke, Ole Bull, Rainer, Collins, and Swaine, gave two entertainments on Monday and Tuesday last in the Council Chamber, by permission of the worshipful the Mayor. The performances on each evening gave the greatest satisfaction, and the applause which followed each piece showed that their talents were appreciated in a manner that they deservedly merited. A solo on the violin, by Ole Bull, jun., was very cleverly performed, and elicited great applause. A burlesque of an Italian opera, in which the prima donnas of the day were imitated, was given by the company, and was much admired.

DISAMBIGUATION: "SAMUEL S. SANFORD", New York Clipper [USA] (18 February 1893), 1-2 

"NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1851), 2 

The Messrs. Howard and Company are amusing the residents of Wollongong, Dapto, and Kiama with their Ethiopian concerts; they perform at the Family Hotel, Wollongong, on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday; at Mr. Brown's hotel, Dapto, on Monday; at Kiama, yesterday; and to-night also they will give a concert there, when on their return they will give another at Dapto on Friday, and a final one at Wollongong on Saturday evening at the Family Hotel. The performance of Mr. Howard on the flutina was truly exquisite, and Mr. Sandford played some solos on the Spanish guitar with admirable execution; bones and tambor also contributed their due share to the amusements.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles and George Mason (alias Howard); Howard's Serenaders (troupe)

"HOWARDS' ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 February 1851), 2 

This company of the White-Blackies is doing excellent business at the Royal Hotel, and well deserve the patronage that is accorded to it. The merits of the Brothers Howard are too well known to the Australian public to require any lengthened notice, suffice it to say, that the present performances are calculated to increase their fame in that peculiar line. Mr. Sandford, who accompanies with the Spanish guitar, is an excellent performer, of which the nightly encore of "the Retreat," affords full evidence. Mr. Luke West, the last of the quartette, plays the bones skilfully, and possesses considerable humour. A visit on Monday evening to the Royal Ethiopian Saloon will, we guarantee, afford amusement and satisfaction.

ASSOCIATIONS: Luke West (serenader)

MUSIC: The Spanish retreat (arr. Sosson)

"THE OHIO SERENADERS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12 April 1851), 2 

On Wednesday and Thursday evenings, and again last evening, this talented company of serenaders gave Ethiopian entertainments in the saloon of the Rose Inn, West Maitland. The room was well filled the first evening, and pretty well on the Thursday evening . . . Mr. Reading makes a capital "bones," and being now in good health adds greatly to the spirit and fun of the entertainment. The Messrs. Howard are well known and admired here, and perform with their accustomed excellence. Mr. Sandford's guitar solo makes a favorite of him at once; and the whole company sing with great harmony and effect; but on Thursday evening we thought some of the songs would have been improved by having more verses sung. The company intend, we perceive, visiting Paterson, and we should say they could not do better than pay a visit also to Dungog and Clarence Town. This evening they give a farewell concert here.

ASSOCIATIONS: James W. Reading (serenader); Ohio Serenaders (troupe, Howard and Reading company)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

ROYAL HOTEL. New Orleans Serenaders.
THE above Company beg most respectfully to inform the Public that they will make their FIRST APPEARANCE in the SALOON of the Royal Hotel, on MONDAY Evening, Feb. 16, when they trust the Programme selected will meet with the approbation of those who may honor them with their patronage.
The following gentlemen constitute the company:
Flutina - G. Price.
Guitar - J. W. Sandford.
First Banjo - W. Harrington.
Second Banjo - J. F. Price.
Tambourine - W. Newton.
Bones - J. P. Hall . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: New Orleans Serenaders (troupe, 1852)

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Empire (20 February 1852), 2 

The sixth concert of Howard's Ethiopian Serenaders took place at the Royal Hotel last evening . . . The solo on the guitar by Mr. T. Sandford [sic] was tastefully executed, and met with deserved applause. This is the last concert of the present series. The Serenaders intend proceeding to Wollongong to perform during the ensuing week, after which they will resume their entertainments in Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1852), 1 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. Return from Goulburn . . . This EVENING, Friday, April 2nd, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
PROGRAMME: Part I . . . Come to the old gum tree - J. W. Sandford . . .
Come to me, my Dark One - J. W. Sandford . . .
Part II . . . [REDACTED] a peeping - J. W. Sandford . . .
Solo, Guitar - J. W. Sandford . . .
Galley Fire - J. W. Sandford . . .
To conclude with the celebrated Railway Gallop . . .

"HOWARD'S SERENADERS", Empire (9 April 1852), 3 

This entertaining company gave a concert on Wednesday evening, at the Royal Hotel. The assemblage was not so numerous as on former occasions, but the performances were of the most diverting description, and elicited unbounded applause. The solo on the flutina by Mr. Howard, and the solo on the guitar by Mr. Sandford, were rapturously encored, as were several of the comic songs. At the close of the performance, Mr. Sandford, in the name of the company, returned thanks for the patronage conferred upon them by the metropolitan public.

"MUSICAL SOIREE AT ST. BENEDICT'S SCHOOL ROOM", Freeman's Journal (22 April 1852), 10 

On the evening of Thursday last, a Soiree Musicale was held in the School Room attached to the Church of St. Benedict, in aid of the funds of that Institution, at which the talented Company of New Orleans Serenaders performed. We are happy to say that the attendance was numerous, and that the audience were highly delighted with the musical and intellectual treat then provided for them. Since the delineation of Negro character and life became fashionable on the stage, we have heard various Companies of Serenaders both here and in Europe, and we confess to have been exceedingly well pleased with the performance of Thursday evening last. Mr. Sandford's "Come ye Darkies," was given with great taste and judgment, and Mr. Newton's "Old Uncle Ned," was worthy of an encore. The duet between Messrs. Price and Sandford, in Part II, was admirably managed for that class of music. Altogether, the entertainment was of that light, pleasing, and agreeable character, which combines harmless amusement with moral recreation, and in so doing commends itself to all who desire a pleasant way of spending an agreeable evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1852), 1 

For the Benefit of Messrs. SANDFORD and HARRINGTON, Guitar and Banjo.
MESSRS. SANDFORD AND HARRINGTON beg most respectfully to inform their friends and the public that their Benefit is fixed for Monday, 3rd May, when they trust that the programme selected for the occasion will give general satisfaction.
Overture - Selections from Fra Diavolo - Company
Commence ye Darkies - Company
Lucy Long - Mr. Harrington
Come to me, my dark one - Mr. Sandford
Hand the Banjo down - Mr. Hall
Dandy Broadway Swell - Mr. Newton
Come back Stephen - Mr. Harrington
Nelly Tare (Words and Music by Mr. Hall) - Mr. Sandford
Juliana Phobiana Constantine Brown - Mr. Hall
Stop that Knocking - Company
An intermission of ten minutes.
Solo Guitar - Mr. Sandford
Duet - Flute and Tamborine - Messrs. Price and Harrington
PART III. Happy are we (Music from La Bayadere) - Company
Get up in de Morning - Mr. Harrington
Virginian Rosebud (Music from Bronze Horse) - Mr. Sandford
Betsy Brown (Music from Enchantress) - Mr. Hall
Come to de Old Gum Tree - Mr. Newton
Good bye, John - Mr. Harrington
Jenny Lane - Mr. Sandford
Ole Napper - Mr. Hall
[REDACTED]s from de South - Company . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1852), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL. NEW ORLEANS SERENADERS. Positively their last appearance.
. . . on Monday evening next, 24th May, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
Programme. Part I.
Overture - (medley) - Company
Mississipi Stream - Mr. Hall
Nelly Tare - Mr. Sandford
Git up in the Morning - Mr. Harrington
[REDACTED] a Peeping (music from Fra Diavolo) - Mr. Newton
Dinah Crow - Mr. Hill
Nelly was a Lady - Mr. Sandford
Come back Stephen - Mr. Harrington
Stop that Knocking . Company
An intermission of ten minutes.
Part 2.
Solo Guitar. Mr. Sandford
Trio - Flute, Guitar, and Bones - Messrs. Price, Sandford, and Hall.
Part 3.
Ginger Line - Company
Susey Dear - Mr. Hall
Virginia Rosebud, (music - Bronze Horse) - Mr. Sandford
Old Uncle Ned - Mr. Newton
De Carolina Beau - Mr. Harrington
Ole Napper - Mr. Hall
Would I were a Boy again - Mr. Sandford
Juliana Phobiana Constantia Brown - Mr. Hall
Rise Child of Missouri - Mr. Sandford
{REDACTED]s from de South - Company . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1852), 1 

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. 175th Concert in Sydney.
Grand evening entertainment, FRIDAY, June 4th, in the Saloon of the ROYAL HOTEL.
Overture - (Medley). Company
Happy are we - G. B. Howard
Dandy Jim - Luke West
Life by de Galley Fire - J. W. Sandford
Black Ey'd Susyanna - C. V. Howard . . .
Sandy Boy. J. W. Sandford . . .
Would I were a boy again - J. W. Sandford . . .
Part II. Solo - Guitar - J. W. Sandford
Solo - Flutina - G. B Howard
Trio - Flute, Flutina, and Tambourine (Pierce, Howard, and Howard)
Part III . . . Jenny Lane - J. W. Sandford . . .
[REDACTED] a peeping - J. W. Sandford . . .
The whole to conclude with the celebrated RAILWAY GALLOP.

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Freeman's Journal (1 July 1852), 10 

The Concerts of these talented delineators of Negro Life in the Southern clime of America, continued to attract great attention in this city; and we are pleased to observe that the public mark their appreciation of the abilities of the performers in that tangable [sic] manner which must be pleasant to the management at least. On last Friday evening the attendance was very numerous and respectable. We are, however, obliged to state that we think the Messrs. Howard might have made a more judicious selection of songs; and we do not think it fair to place any song upon the programme which had not been previously rehearsed. We make this remark in justice to the individual performer as well as to the public. The Concert however, as an entertainment was good; perhaps one of the best the Company have held. We were particularly pleased with Mr. Sandford's Solo on the Guitar - the "Spanish Retreat." The performance of Mr. Sandford on this instrument was masterly in the extreme. Mr. C. Howard also sung "A Minstrel's Life is always gay," with considerable power and good taste. And Mr. C. Howard's "Picyune Butler" delighted the audience. We perceive that the Company give another entertainment on Friday evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1852), 1

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. Increased attraction the Sydney Friday Concerts -
Favourite and eccentric Programmes. The Company consists of five performers, each and all unrivalled, viz.,
Charles V. Howard, tambourine; J. W. Sandford, Guitar; E. W. Pierce, Flute; Walter Howson, Banjo; and J. P. Hall, Bones.
187th Ethiopean Entertainment, THIS EVENING, Friday August 27, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
Overture - Caliph of Bagdad - Company.
Commence ye Darkies - Company.
Walk Jaw Bone - C. V. Howard.
Virginian Rose Bud - J. W. Sandford.
Julius' Bride - J. P. Hall.
Lucy Long - W. Howson
Picayune Butler - C. V. Howard.
Oh! Susanna - J. W. Sandford.
Come back Stephen - W. Howson.
Stop dat Knocking - Company.
Part II. A lapse of 15 minutes.
Trio - Flute, Guitar, and Bones - Pierce, Sandford, and Hall
Solo - Banjo, Merry Christ Church Bells - W. Howson.
Solo - Guitar - Spanish Retreat - J. W. Sandford.
Part III.
Happy are we - Company.
Stingy Man - C. V. Howard.
Life by de Gally Fire - J. W. Sandford
Betsy Brown (Music from the "Enchantress") - J. P. Hall.
Ole Aunt Sally - W. Howson.
Susey Dear - J. P. Hall.
Sandy Boy - J. W. Sandford.
[REDACTED]s from de Souf - C. V. Howard.
To conclude with the celebrated Railway Gallop . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Walter Howson (serenader); J. P. Hall (serenader); E. W. Pierce (serenader)

"HOWARD'S SERENADERS", Freeman's Journal (16 September 1852), 10 

It will be seen by advertisement, that Mr. J. W. Sandford, the Guitar player of the above talented company, takes his benefit to-morrow night, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel. From the well known vocal and instrumental abilities of this talented serenader, it is to be hoped that the public will give him a bumper, which he certainly deserves.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1852), 1

HOWARD'S SERENADERS. - Immense success of the Ethiopian Concerts.
Last night but one of the present series. 193rd Grand Evening Musical Soirée.
For the Benefit of Mr. WALTER HOWSON, Banjo Player, THIS EVENING,
Friday, September 24, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel. Another change of Programme . . .
Overture, Fra Diavolo - Company.
Come, come, my Darkies, sing - Company.
Walk Jaw Bone - C. V. Howard
Rise, Child of Missouri - J. W. Sandford.
Ole Dan Tucker - J. P. Hall
The Bowling Green - W. Howson
Lynchburg Town - C. V. Howard.
Julius' Bride - J. P. Hall.
Virginian Rosebud - J. W. Sandford.
Come back, Stephen - W. Howson
Part II.
A lapse of 15 minutes.
Duet - Flute and Guitar - Pierce and Sandford
Solo Banjo (Medley) - W. Howson
Solo - Guitar - J. W. Sandford.
Part III.
Happy are we - Company.
Nelly was a Lady - J. W. Sandford.
Ole Gray Goose - C. V. Howard.
Ole Tar Riber - J. P. Hall.
Gal wid de blue Dress on - W. Howson.
Oh, Susannah - J. W. Sandford.
Medley Chorus - Company.
[REDACTED]s from de Souf - C. V. Howard.
To conclude with the celebrated Railway Gallop . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (27 October 1852), 3 

The oldest established Company of Minstrels in the Colonies.
The Band comprises Five Performers, viz. -
Charles V. Howard, Tambourine; Walter Howson, Banjo; George B. Howard, Flutina;
J W Sandford, Guitar; and J. P. Hall, Bones.
THIS EVENING, (Wednesday) 27th October, and every other evening during the week, at Passmore's Commercial Hotel, Elizabeth-street . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (13 November 1852), 2 

The last appearance of HOWARD'S celebrated company of Ethiopian Serenaders . . .
PROGRAMME - PART I . . . Nelly was a Lady - J. W. Sandford . . .
Sandy Boy - J. W. Sandford . . .
PART II . . . Solo - Guitar - Spanish Retreat - J. W. Sandford . . .
PART III . . . Virginian Rose Bud - J. W. Sandford . . .
[REDACTED]-a-Peeping - Fra Diavolo - J. W. Sandford . . .

SANDON, Charles Thomas (Charles Thomas SANDON; C. T. SANDON)

Music publisher, music retailer, musicseller, stationer, bookseller

Born London, 1828; baptised St. James, Piccadilly, 4 May 1828; son of Benjamin SANDON (1774-1846) and Kezia BETTERBEE (1794-1859)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Married (1) Mary Anne HINKS (d. 1863), NSW, 1855
Married (2) Mary Hester HEAVEN, Christ Church, Sydney, NSW, 10 December 1864
Died Balmain West, Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1900, "aged 75" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Clerkenwell, Finsbury; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1519 (PAYWALL)

61 Spencer St. / Kezia Sandon / Head / W[idow] / 56 / Retired W. of a Wine Merchant / . . .
Charles T. [Sandon] / Son / U[nmarried] / 25 / Optician / [born] Westminster St. James
Robert F. [Sandon] / Son / [Unmarried] / 23 / Builder's Clerk / [born] [Westminster St. James]
Mary Jane / 21 // Alfred George / 13 / [both born Westminster St. James]

[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1854), 1

PROFESSOR HORACE SIDNEY will have the honour of offering an entirely new entertainment . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1854), 1 

TO ALL whom it may concern. - The undersigned begs to inform his friends and the public, that he has no longer any connection with the Magic Temple, nor is he in any way connected with Mr. H. Sidney from this date.
CHARLES T. SANDON, late Manager. May 1, 1854.

[Advertisements], The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (23 June 1855), 14 

C. T. SANDON AND COMPANY beg to notify to the public that they have taken the premises lately occupied by Henry Marsh and Co., 171, George-street, where they purpose carrying on business as Musicsellers, Print, and Booksellers, and general Stationers. C. T. SANDON having for a lengthened period taken an active part in the management of the business of Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke, trusts from his experience and general knowledge of the requirements of the inhabitants of New South Wales, that his carefully selected stock will be found to consist of all that is required to merit a share of the public patronage.

NEW MUSIC; A CHOICE selection of the newest English music, just-opened, consisting of the compositions of D'Albert, Jullien, and all the celebrated composers, most of which are beautifully embellished With Baxter's oil prints! C. T. SANDON & CO., (late H. Marsh and Co.) 171, George-street.

PIANOFORTES, Flutinas, and other musical instruments tuned and repaired. C. T. SANDON and CO.

D'ALBERT'S and JULLIEN'S' Albums, for 1855. C. T. SANDON and Co.

MUSICAL CONSERVATORY and Fine Arts Repository. On view several new and choice, engravings. C. T. SANDON and CO.

NEW WEEKLY MUSICAL PUBLICATION. - The undersigned beg to inform the public that they have been appointed sole agents for the sale of the New Weekly Musical Cadeau. Terms - six shillings per quarter, payable in advance. C. T. SANDON and CO., 171, George-street.

H. MARSH AND CO. beg to inform the public that they have transferred the retail portion of their music business to Messrs. C. T. SANDON AND CO., of 171, George-street. Wholesale orders will he received at their New Music Hall - the Sydney Exchange Rooms.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Marsh (music publisher)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1855), 8 

PUBLISHED THIS DAY, Dreams on the Ocean Waltzes. The most popular waltzes of the day. C. T. Sandon and Co.
THE CINDERELLA QUADRILLES, and the Cock Robin Quadrilles, as solos and duets, by D'Albert; each figure beautifully illustrated.
C. T. SANDON and CO., 171, George-street, next Empire Office.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1855), 3 

FLUTINAS, Pianofortes, and other musical instruments tuned and repaired by C. T. SANDON and Co., 171, George-street.

NEW MUSIC - Just published, the following popular pieces: -
"Fair shines the Moon," from the new opera of Rigoletto; "Such is Life;" "My Molly Asthore," as sung by Miss Hayes; "Fading Away;" "Excelsior," by Longfellow; "Twine the Lily with the Rose," Glover's most pleasing duet, more popular than "What are the wild waves saying;" "Lola Montez Polka," and the Goulburn Waltzes."
The whole forwarded free per post for 23s; or can be had separately.
C. T. SANDON and CO., Music-sellers, Print-sellers, and Stationers, 171, George-street.

"DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP", New South Wales Government Gazette (13 November 1855), 3017 

NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the under-signed, Charles Thomas Sandon, and William Samuel Heale, of George-street, in Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, as stationers, dealers in music, musical instruments, and articles of vertu, under the style or firm of "C. T. Sandon and Co.," is this day dissolved by mutual consent; and that the said business will in future be carried on by the said Charles Thomas Sandon alone, who is to receive all debts due to, and will pay and discharge all debts owing by, the said firm.
- Dated this ninth day of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five.
Witness - James Husband, Solicitor, 19, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 8 

Just opened, a very superior shipment, in handsome, polished mahogany cases, with glass tops, to keep the barrels free from dust. C. T. SANDON, being appointed agent by the celebrated firm of Nicoll Freres, of Geneva, for the sale of their unrivalled Musical Boxes, he is in a position to offer them to the public at prices lower than any other house in Sydney. The quality of these boxes is so well-known for richness of tone and durability, as to need no eulogium from the importer. He therefore invites a perusal of the following list (forming part only of the consignment).
1. The Laurel
2. In the Merry Month of May
3. Say can a Father Refuse
4. Culler Lodge
5. Apsley House
6. Come Sing to Me that Melody
7. The Better Land
6. The High-born Child.
No. II - 8 VOCAL AND DANCE AIRS, 8 guineas.
1. Morning Hymn
2. The Mill-o, the Mill-o - Scotch
3. Snuff-box Waltz
4. Maids of Merry England
5. The Rose will cease to Blow
6. On the Banks of Allan Waters
7. Honeymoon (Isidore Merida)
8. Mistletoe Bough.
No. III. - 6 DANCE AND VOCAL AIRS, 6 guineas.
1. The Streams that Round my Prison Creep
2. New York Waltz
3. Bugle Quick Step
4. Honeymoon (Isidore Merida)
5. Green Bushes
6. Dearest I Love Thee.
No. IV. - 4 IR1SH AND SCOTCH AIRS, 4 guineas.
1. Kitty of Coleraine
2. Lough Sheeling
3. I'll never leave thee, Nora
4. Loch Eroch Side.
No. V. - DANCE AND VOCAL, 4 Airs, extra large barrel, £4 10s.
1. Lord Hills, Waltz
2. Broadsword Hornpipe
3. Duke of Wellington's favourite March
4. Beautiful Maid of my Soul
No. VI. - SCOTCH DANCE AND VOCAL, 6 guineas.
1. Annie Laurie, Waltz.
2. Flora MacIvor
3. At the Front of a Cottage
4. Come, Love, now Sing to me
5. Bonnie Dundee, Recollections of Prince Charlie
6. Popular Country Dances.
No. VII - 8 POPULAR SONGS, 8 guineas.
1. Fly not yet
2. The Beatie Row, Scotch Melody
3. Kitty Tyrell, Irish
4. Old Folks at Home, Ethiopian
5. My Lodging is on the Cold Ground
6. See, the Conquering Hero comes
7. My Henry's gone to the Wars
8. Rory O'More, Irish (Lover)
1. With all thy faults, I love thee still
2. Cared I for your Love
3. Grand Slow March
4. Duchess of Kent, Waltz
6. When first I went to Sea
6. Merrily goes the Mill
7. The Dream is Past
8. I Love the Night.
No. IX. - 6 NATIONAL SONGS, 6 Guineas.
1. Home, Sweet Home (Catherine Hayes)
2. British Grenadier
3. Royal English - Oh, the Merry Starlight!
4. The Soldier's Greeting
5. Rule Britannia
6. God Save the Queen.
No. X. - 4 POPULAR SONGS, extra large barrel, £4 10s.
1. The Swiss Girl
2. The Soft Flowing Avon
3. The Harp that once through Tara's Halls - (Catherine Hayes)
4. Love is a Tyrant.
No. XI. - 6 SONGS AND DANCES, 6 Guineas.
1. Hornpipe - Scotch
2. Magic Wove Scarf
3. Paddy Snap
4. The Deuk's dang o'er my Daddie
5. We'll have Merry Songs in the Wintry Hours
6. The Smuggler King.
No. XII. - 4 FAVOURITE SONGS AND DANCES, extra large barrel, £4 10s.
1. Annie Laurie
2. Scotch Air - Mrs. Macdonald
3. Prince Albert and Victoria for ever - Bishop
4. The Windsor Favourite.
Country residents are informed that any of the above boxes can be securely packed for transmission to the Interior.
C. T. SANDON, sole agent, 171, George-street, next Empire.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1856), 10 

SUPERIOR BARREL HAND-ORGAN, playing ten popular dance and vocal airs, as under:
1. Galop, Overland | 6. Waltz, Bohemian Girl
2. Waltz, Fairest of the Fair | 7. Rule Britannia
3. Polka, Jullien | 8. God Save the Queen
4. Slow waltz, Bishop | 9. Psalm, Let us pray
5. Polka, Mazurka | 10. Jesus is my only hope.
Fitted in a neat polished ease, with strap. Price, 14s. per tune.
C. T. .SANDON, 171, George-street, next EMPIRE.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 May 1857), 8 

NEW MUSIC - Just received, vocal duets, operatic solos, dance music, &c., &c. C. T. SANDON.
MUSIC AT HALF-PRICE.- The most difficult and brilliant music by the following composers:
Richards, Wallace, Voss, Czerny, Plachy, Cramer, and other eminent composers.
C. T. SANDON, next EMPIRE Office.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1859), 1 

NEW AND POPULAR STANDARD MUSIC just to hand, ex Oneida (s.s )
QUADRILLES. - Bonnie Dundee Quadrille as duett - 4 0; Palermo Quadrilles - 4 0; Norma Quadrille - 3 6; Red Coat ditto - 3 6; Edinburgh ditto - 3 6; Luisa Miller ditto - 3 6; Como Quadrilles - 3 6; Sonnambula ditto - 3 6; Topsy ditto - 3 6; Royal Irish ditto - 3 0; Lancers' ditto, 1st and 2nd.; Martha ditto - 3 6
WALTZES.- Lily of the Valley - 4 0; Maud Waltz - 4 0; Indiana ditto - 4 0; Star of France Waltz 4 0; Peri Waltz - 4 0; Martha ditto - 4 0
POLKAS. - Scotch Polka - 3 6; Camp Polka - 3 6; Linnet ditto - 3 6; Topsy ditto - 3 6; Sultan's Polka - 3 0; Coquette Polka - 3 6; Delhi ditto - 4
Opera Schottische - 3 0; Naples Varsoviana - [n.p.]
Mendlessohn's Wedding March, 3s.
Mindora Polka Mazurka, 2s. 6d.
Talexy 's Polka Mazurka, 3s.
Also D'Albert's Album for 1859. Hullah's Manual of Music.
Norma and Sonnambula, complete, with English and Italian Words.
Balfe's New Singing Instructor.
New Music for the Harmonican, consisting of Voluntaries, &c.
New and popular Songs, in great variety.
Operatic Airs from Sonnambula, Norma, Lucrezia Borgia, Fra Diavolo, Puritani, and the new opera of May Day.
C. T. SANDON, Music Importer, 318, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1859), 9 

NEW MUSIC, ON SALE, ex Damascus, consisting of the most modern and popular Music of the day, in vocal, dance, operatic, and instrumental, the principal part of which is superbly illustrated, and collected from the eminent firms of Chappell and Co., Cramer and Co., Williams and Co., and Cocks and Co., &c., &c., and will be offered to the public at the London prices.
Polkas, by D'Albert - Sardinian, with portrait, 3s.; The West End, 3s.; The Club, 3s.; Circassian, 3s.; Sultan, 3s.; Princess Royal, 3s.; The Persian, 3s.; The Scotch, 3s.; Sprite, 3s.; First Kiss, 3s.; King Pippin, 3s.; Delhi, 3s.; Rose of the Valley, 3s.; Flirtation, 3s.
Valses, by D'Albert, &c. - First Love, 4s.; First Love, as duett, 4s.; Fairest of the Fair, 4s.; Violante, 4s.; Medora, 4s.; Rosebud, 4s.; Reigning Beauty, 4s.; Jassander, 4s.; Flower of the Field, 4s.; Fair Star, 4s.; Joan of Arc, 4s.; Star of the Night, 4s.; Nymphs of the Wave, 4s.; Star of France, 4s.
Quadrilles by D'Albert. - Bobbing Around 3s.; II Giuramento (new opera), 3s.; Cherbourg, 3s.; Off to Charlestown, containing the following airs:- I'm leaving thee in sorrow; Irish Emigrant; Twas on a Sunday Morning; Johnny Sands, 3s; Zurich, 4s.; Le Prophete, 3s.
Quadrilles. - Norma, 3s.; Martha, 3s.; Royal Irish, 3s.; Red Coats, 3s.; Sevastopol, 3s.; Orange Wreath, 3s.; Louisa Miller, 3s.; Il Trovatore, 3s.; Il Traviata, 3s.; Edinburgh, 3s.; Bonnie Dundee, 4s.; Christy Minstrel, 3s.
Galops by D'Albert. - The Garibaldi, 3s.; The Neptune, 3s.; (Upwards of 15,000 of theabove popular galops were sold in London in one week); The Courier, 2s.; L'Eclair 2s. 6d.; Estafette, 3s.; Atlantic, 3s.
Galops. - Chobham Camp, 3s.; Eglinton, 2s. 6d.; Go a head, 2s. 6d.; The Great Comet, 2s. 6d.; The Great Eastern, 3s.; The Tornado, 3s.; The Whirl wind, 3s.; The Martha, 3s.
Chappell's popular and complete editions of standard Operas for the pianoforte, including the plot of each opera.
II Trovatore, 6s.; Bohemian Girl, 6s.; La Traviata, 6s.; II Barbiere of Savile, 6s.; Lucretia Borgia, 6s.; Rose of Castile, 6s.; Maritana, 6s.; Der Freischutz, 6s.; Martha, 6s.; Norma, 6s.
Czerny's Etudes de la Velocity, with additions, by Brinley Richards, in two parts complete, 10s. 6d.
Czerny's Series of Thirty Exercises, with octave lessons, written expressly for this work by Cipriani Potter, in two parts complete, 10s. 6d.
Cramer's Introductory Practice, &c.
Cramer's Useful Extracts to give a proper position of the hands.
Cramer's Celebrated Studies, in four books
Piano solos, by Deross, Wallace, Oestard, Beyer, Macfarren, Brinley Richards, Chilcott, &c., including Il Trovatore, La Traviata, Fra Diavolo, Rossini's Cujus Animam, Stabat Mater, Moore's Irish Melodies, Ah Che La Mate, Barcarolle from Fra Diavolo, Macbeth duets, Zampa, Scotch airs, English airs, Nocturnes Reveries, mazurkas, &c, &c.
Duetts from Trovatore, Traviata, Macbeth, Zampa, Christy Minstrel Quadrilles, &c.
Balfe's New Singing Preceptor, without the solfeggios;
Chappell's 100 dances for the violin, &c.; also, Boosey's ditto for flute, and operatic airs for violin and flute
Boosey's complete operas from Norma and Sonnambula, &c., with words
New songs and ballads by Balfe, Barker, Romer, Macfarren, Thomas, Glover and Cherry, &c.
Important to country residents. All purchases to the extent of 20s. and upwards sent post free. Country orders executed with promptitude.
C. T. SANDON, wholesale music importer, 318, George-street near Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1860), 8 

NEW AND COMPLETE EDITIONS of the Operas, including the latest published With words.
Luisa Miller - £1 1 0; Ernani - 1 5 0; La Traviata - 1 1 0; Lucretia Borgia - 1 5 0; II Trovatore - 1 1 0; Norma - 0 18 0; Bohemian Girl - 1 1 0; Sonnambula - 0 18 0.
Without words, with entire plot. -
Il Trovatore - 0 7 6; Ernani - 0 7 6; La Traviata - 0 7 6; Lucretia Borgia - 0 7 6; Louisa Miller - 0 8 6; Rigoletto - 0 7 6; Fra Diavolo - 0 7 6; I Puritani - 0 8 6; Norma and Sonnambula each - 0 6 0; La fille du Regiment - 0 6 0; Lucia di Lammermoor - 0 7 6; Les Huguenots - 0 10 6; Barbiere di Siviglia - 0 7 6; Martha - 0 7 6; Maritana - 0 7 6; Der Frieschutz - 0 7 6
The above are bound in cloth, and can be sent per post for 6d. extra.
C. T. SANDON, music warehouse, George-street.
NOVELLO'S EDITIONS of the Messiah and Creation. - Standard and New Music.
SONGS. - Juanita - 2 6; There's a Path by the River - 2 6; The Power of Love - 2 6; Over the Sea - 2 6; Goodbye, Sweetheart - 2 6; Break, Break - 2 6; 'Tis hard to give the Hand - 2 6; Answer to Willie - 2 6; Down where the Blue Bells, &c. 2 6; Death of Nelson - 3 0; Maniac - 3 0; Ship on Fire - 3 0
DUETS, Let us call back the Time - 2 6; The Child's First Grief - 2 6; We are Fairies of the Sea - 2 6; Tears, Tears, Salt Tears - 2 6
Also a large stock of pianoforte pieces, consisting of selections from most of the Operas, English, Irish, and Scottish airs, Mendlessohn's Songs Without Words, Beethoven's Sonatas, &c., &c., 20s. worth per post.
C. T. SANDON, 318, George-street,

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1860), 8 

Hamilton's, Hunter's, Cramer's, Czerny's improved, by B. Richards, Czerny's 101 Exercises, and Etude de la Velocity, with additions, by Richards; Cramer's Studies and Exercises; Bertini's Celebrated Studies, and Boosey's.
At the English prices. C. T. SANDON, music warehouse, George-street.
SEVERAL HUNDRED PIECES for Pianoforte, to select from, by the best composers, at SANDON'S.
LA PILLET, La Pillet. A new and fashionable Parisian dance, at SANDON'S, George-street.
MOST OF D'ALBERT'S favourite and popular dance music, in Quadrilles, polkas, and waltzes, at SANDON'S.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1860), 9 

D'ALBERT'S ALBUM, for 1860, contains nearly four pounds' worth of Music, and handsomely bound, with numerous illustrations; price 30s. C. T. SANDON, musicseller, 318, George-street, near Hunter-street.
BOOSEY'S OPERAS, in cheap Editions. Norma, Sonnambula, Ernani, Lucretia, Bride of Lammermoor, Rigoletto, Daughter of the Regiment, Traviata, Louisa Miller, Barber of Seville, Martha, Les Huguenots, Der Freischutz.
With words in Italian - Trovatore, and Traviata; Norma and Sonnambula, in English and Italian words
Bohemian Girl, English words. C. T. SANDON, 318, George-street, near Hunter-st.
D'ALBERT'S ALBUM, containing five pounds' worth or music, for 30s.
D'Albert's most popular music, in polkas, waltzes, and quadrilles; and a large stock of plano solos, by the best masters.
C. T. SANDON, music seller, George-street.
CHOICE SONGS. - The Power of Love, and the Glorious Vintage of Champagne, the two finest songs in the new opera of Satanella; 30,000 copies having been already sold. C. SANDON.
THE THREE FISHERS went Sailing, When Sorrow Sleepeth, 'Twas on a Sunday Morning, Juanita, Good Bye, Sweetheart; Who shall be fairest ; Faith, Hope, and Charity, &c., &c.
C. T. SANDON, 328, George-street, near Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1861), 8 

SINGING for the MILLION. - Hullah's Class Books parts 1 and 2; also, complete sets of Hullah's large Music Sheets, by the aid of which classes can be taught.
C. T. SANDON, music seller, 318, George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1863), 1 

SANDON - On the 23rd February, at her residence, Harrington-street, Church hill of consumption, in the thirty-first year of her age, Mary Anne, the beloved wife of Charles T. Sandon, Stationer, George-street.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1864), 1 

On the 10th December, at Christ Church, by special license, by the Rev. Canon Walsh, Charles T. Sandon, Sydney, to Mary Hester, only daughter of Mr. J. Heaven, late of Bristol, England.

"Our Sydney Letter", The Queenslander (21 April 1877), 26

Charles T. Sandon, a George-street bookseller, has failed, with liabilities amounting to £16,745; his assets are £2114. This is the heaviest failure we have had for a long time, and it has brought down one small house with it. The liabilities of the insolvent are distributed amongst about a dozen creditors, the heaviest loser being the Bank of New South Wales.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1900), 1

SANDON. - January 4, 1900, at 10 Perritt-street, Balmain West, Charles Thomas Sandon, for many years bookseller and stationer, George-street, city, aged 75 years.

Musical publications:

Undine polka (1856)

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; but compare Woolcott and Clarke's edition

The last rose of summer (1856)

The last rose of summer, sung by Madame Anna Bishop, from Moore's Selection of Irish melodies, with symphonies and accompaniment by Sir John Stevenson, Mus. Dr. (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1856]), "A. Park, del et Litho . . ." (DIGITISED)

The red, white and blue (1856)

The red, white and blue, a popular national air (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1856]); "A. Park, del et Litho . . ." (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1856), 5

JUST PUBLISHED. - ONDINE POLKA, and the Last Rose of Summer. C. T. SANDON, 171, George-street, next Empire Office.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1856), 12 

JUST PUBLISHED, the celebrated Undine Polka, as played by the Band, and the Last Rose of Summer, the most favourite song of the day, illustrated by A. Park. Sent free per post for 2s. 6d. each.
CHARLES T. SANDON, 171, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1856), 10 

POPULAR MUSIC for the PEOPLE. - Just published, the far-famed Undine Polka, Moore's Melody, Last Rose of Summer, and the national song Red, White, and Blue; the three beautifully illustrated by A. Park, and sent free per post for 7s.
CHARLES T. SANDON, 171, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Archibald Alexander Park (artist, lithographer)

Heartsease (1858)

Heartease, ballad, the words composed by Geraldine, composed, and dedicated to Mrs. M. Hanbury, by Glentworth Addison (Sydney: Sandon & Co., [1858]); "Arranged for the composer by E. H. Cobley" (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Glentworth Addison (composer); Edwin Harry Cobley (arranger)

Le pillet (1860)

Le pillet; a new fashionable Spanish dance (as performed at the London and Parisain court balls,) by E. H. Cobley, to F. H. Needs, esq., and his pupils (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1860), 8 

LA PILLET [sic], La Pillet. A new and fashionable Parisian dance, at SANDON'S, George-street.

[Advertisement], Empire (31 January 1860), 1 

LE PILLET, LE PILLET, LE PILLET, LE PILLET. - C. T. SANDON, Music-seller, George-street, near Hunter-street.

[News], Empire (31 January 1860), 4 

"Le Pillet," is the name of a new Spanish dance just published by C. T. Sandon, and dedicated to Mr. Needs and his pupils by the composer, E. H. Cobley, known in Sydney as a teacher of music and harp-player. The dance itself is likely to become poplar, as a slight departure from the now stereotyped saltatory figures of the day. The music (in the key of F) is very characteristic, the sudden use of the semitone giving that transition from joyousness to melancholy which the Spaniards exbibit as well in their national character as in the style of their music.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Hillier Needs (dancing master)

Loyalty (1883)

Loyalty!; or, God save our Queen, the New South Wales loyal anthem, a national and patriotic song, dedicated by letter of special permission to, and published under the distinguished patronage of, Lady Augustus Loftus, and with feelings of admiration and respect to the ladies and loyal people of New South Wales, words by C. et A., a loyal native born Australian of Scotch parentage, music by Charles S. Packer R.A.M. (Sydney: C. T. Sandon, 1883) (DIGITISED)

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1883), 7 

A PATRIOTIC song, entitled "Loyalty, or God save our Queen," has been published by Mr. C. T. Sandon, of George-street. The words are by a gentleman who assumes the nom de plume of "C. et A." The music is by Mr. Charles S. Packer. Already the piece has run into a second edition. It is dedicated to Lady Augustus Loftus. The Australian song "Beautiful Rain" is by the same author, and has also passed into a second edition.

[News], The Sydney Daily Telegraph (21 June 1883), 3 

We have received a "national and patriotic song;" the words being by C. et A.," and the music by Mr. Charles S. Packer, R.A.M., the piece being dedicated to Lady Loftus as well as to the "wives, mothers, daughters, and sisters of the loyal people of New South Wales." The words of the first verse are intentionally written as an adaptation of the first verse of the National Anthem. The sentiments conveyed are unmistakably religious and loyal, while the music is admirably adapted to the words. The piece has already had a large sale, as also has another composition of the same class by the same author, entitled "Beautiful rain," written to commemorate the break-up of the drought last year. The printers, Messrs. Batson and Atwater, are to be congratulated on the general get-up of both productions. They may be obtained of Mr. C. T. Sandon, of 310 George-street.

NOTE: "Beautiful rain", lyrics also by "C. et. A.", but apparently not with music by Packer

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (30 June 1883), 16 

We have received a copy of the New South Wales Loyal Anthem, dedicated by permission to "Lady Loftus, the words by C. et A., the music by Charles S. Packer, R.A.M." The poetry of the song is the quintessence of loyalty, and it is nicely set to music in B flat by Mr. Packer, for soprano, alto, tenor, and bass. The parts are arranged in short score, with piano and organ accompaniment underneath. The lithography is by Batson and Attwater. The poetry is very creditable to the writer, and the same remark is applicable to Mr. Packer's music. The song is published by C. T. Sandon, Sydney.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Sandys Packer (composer)

Sandon was also listed on their respective titlepages as selling editions by Henry Marsh (1855) of Such is life (by Harry Mackenzie) and the Lola Montez polka (by Paul Henrion)

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 231 (main entry only) (DIGITISED)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1875), 1

MR. CHARLES SANDON, Violinist, attends evening and quadrille parties. 294, Castlereagh-street.

SANTLEY, Charles (Charles SANTLEY)

Baritone vocalist

Born Liverpool, England, 28 February 1834
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 May 1889 (per R.M.S. Oceana)
Departed Adelaide, SA, July 1890
Died UK, 22 September 1922 (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)



"VISIT OF MR. SANTLEY TO AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1889), 7

"MR. CHARLES SANTLEY", South Australian Register (13 May 1889), 7

. . . he said that his object in visiting the colonies was partly with a view to business, as well as with the object of getting a respite from the arduous duties of his engagements in England . . . As to the opinion of English people on music in Australia, Mr. Santley remarked that very little is thought or cared for on this subject. He was reticent in expressing any opinion respecting Mr. Cowen's claim to have elevated the taste for music in Australia . . . To day Mr. Santley will be publicly received and welcomed to the colony by His Worship the Mayor in the Town Hall at noon . . . The members of the Adelaide Musical Association are expected to be present, and sing an "Ode of welcome" specially composed for the occasion.

"Visit of Mr. Santley. Arrival in Broken Hill", Barrier Miner (26 June 1890), 2

"MR. SANTLEY AND HIS TROUBLES", Freeman's Journal (19 July 1890), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Charles Santley, Reminiscences of my life (London: I. Pitman, 1909) (DIGITISED)

Includes a detailed account of his voyage and Australian tour

SAQUI, Austin (Abraham SAQUI; Abraham Austin SAQUI; Austin SAQUI)

Musician, professor of music, pianist, band leader, bookmaker

Born Aldgate, London, c. 1835; son of Isaac SAQUI (c. 1806-1873) and Maria MOSS (c. 1811-1849)
Married Julia ROTHCHILD (c. 1830-1923), Hackney, London, England, 1854 (2nd quarter)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 6 March 1855 (passenger per Ivanhoe, from London, 7 December 1854, aged "21")
Died Clifton Hill, Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1889, aged "54" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SAQUI, Sarah (Sarah SAQUI; Mrs. Thomas ARMSON; later again Miss Sarah SAQUI)

Vocalist, entertainer, barmaid, "prostitute"

Born Aldgate, London, c. 1838/39; daughter of Isaac SAQUI (c. 1806-1873) and Maria MOSS (c. 1811-1849)
Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1856
Married (1) Thomas ARMSON, East Melbourne, VIC, 16 March 1864
Married (2) Charles Eugene PRATT (? alias FOSTER), VIC, 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Abraham (Austin) Saqui was a son of Isaac Saqui (c. 1806-1873), a professor of music of London, and his wife Maria Moss (c. 1811-1849). At the time of the 1851 census, aged 17, he was apprenticed to his father, and three years later he married Julia Rothchild (or Rothschild). Nevertheless, according to the ship's list, he arrived alone in Victoria, in March 1855, described as a professor of music, aged 21.

Somewhat confusingly, his older brother, also Abraham Saqui (born c. 1827), was also a professor of music, also with a wife named Julia, who was settled in Liverpool, England, by the late 1840s.

Almost immediately on arrival in Melbourne, Austin must have former a working relationship with the violinist George Peck, for by late April they were already touring together on the north-eastern gold fields, where Saqui then remained well into the 1860s.

Later in Melbourne, Saqui was a bookmaker and a racehorse owner; his horse Warrior won the 1869 Melbourne Cup.


England census, 30 March 1851, Christ Church, Spitalfields, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1542 (PAYWALL)

6 Rosetta Place / Isaac Saqui / Head / Wid. / 45 / Professor of Music / [born] Midd. Stepney
Abraham [Saqui] / Son / Unm. / 17 / [Professor of Music] App. / [born] London Aldgate
Sarah [Saqui] / Daur. / [Unmarried] / 13 / - / [born] [London Aldgate]
Rebecca / 11 / [born] Shoreditch // Julia / 8 / Stepney // Rachel / 4 / Spitalfields

[News], The Atlas [London, England] (10 May 1851), 13 (PAYWALL)

Messrs. D. MIRANDA and A. SAQUI gave a conceit at the Sussex Hall, Leadenhall-street, on Wednesday, which was numerously attended. Mr. Miranda is a young vocalist, who promises to become a singer of importance. He has a tenor voice of a pleasing quality, and with judicious management will render it very effective. The songs he gave were sung with much feeling, and he was warmly received. Mr. Saqui executed the music assigned to him very spiritedly; and Mr. Viotti Collins gave an excellent solo on the violin, in which he showed his perfect mastery over all the difficulties of his art. Miss M. Collins also played a solo on the concertina, Which was much applauded. The remaining vocalists Were Madlle. T. Magna, and Miss Lizzy Stuart, who sung several arias and ballads very pleasingly.

Names and descriptions of passengers, ship Ivanhoe, from London, 29 November [7 December] 1854; arrived Melbourne, 6 March 1855; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Abraham Saqui / 21 / Professor of Music / . . .

"THE DISTRICT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (28 April 1855), 4 

We have nothing new to communicate concerning Reid's Creek or the Buckland, want of water being the cry as elsewhere; and we no doubt but that the rain, of which we here have had a rather plentiful supply during the past week, will be very gratefully received. On the evening of Tuesday last, after threatening all day, the rain commenced falling, and continued almost without intermission throughout the night, and up to noon of the following day. The night was very boisterous, the wind coming at times in heavy gusts, which was severely felt at Snake Valley, laying, as it does, considerably higher than this, several of the tents being completely levelled. Many of the old canvas houses about the township (Beechworth) lost their upper roofs, or flys, and the inmates of a restaurant in High street were most unceremoniously ousted from their winter quarters by the forcible intrusion of both wind and water, the roof having been entirely blown away. Thursday proved fine, but again yesterday the rain has been pouring in torrents almost incessantly. A grand vocal and instrumental concert was to take place yesterday evening, at the Salle de Valentino, but has been postponed until Tuesday evening, owing to the inclemency of the weather. We have really some excellent musical artistes now at Beechworth, an addition having been made to their number during the past week, by the arrival of Messrs. Peck and Saqui, the former a violinist of some celebrity; and we anticipate a great treat at their first concert. The health of the district still continues good.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (violinist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (5 May 1855), 5 

Music & Dancing. EL DORADO HOTEL, Beechworth.
Mr. F. Bryant BEGS to announce to the lovers of music and dancing that he has just engaged the services of those eminent and talented artists, Messrs. Peck & Saqui, who will nightly enliven the inhabitants of the township and the environs with their polkas, waltzes, &c., in the dancing room of the El Dorado . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6 

MUSIC SALOON, El Dorado Hotel, High-street, Beechworth.
Grand Concert Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, under the patronage of
R. O'H. BURKE, ESQ., J.P., And the Stewards of the Races.
On Monday, May 28th, 1855, For the benefit of Messrs. Peck and Saqui.
THE following professionals and amaters [sic] have kindly offered their valuable services, and will during the evening sing and perform a choice collection of the most popular Overtures, Solos, Duets, Chorusses, Fantasias, &c., &c.:
Signor Rangoni, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Ellar, Mr. Small, Mr. Geo. Smith, Mr. Peter Bruce, Mr. Hewitt, Mr. Hurley, Herr Schmidt,
In addition to Messrs. Peck and Saqui.
The best arrangements will he made for the comfort of ladies and families visiting this Concert, by a Committee of Management.
Mr. Ellar will sing Beethoven's magnificent solo, 'Adelaide,' acknowledged to be the most superb vocal composition in existence.
Messrs. Peck and Saqui will perform a brilliant duet, for violin and piano, variations on the favourite opera, Le Pre Aux Clercs, by De Beriot and Osborne.
Mr. Peter Bruce will perform a grand Invocation of Scottish National Music, on the Scotch Pipes, in full Highland costume, as played before the Duke of Buccleuch and the whole court of Queen Victoria, in Scotland.
Mr. Peck will perform Paganini's celebrated Burlesque Variations on the Carnival of Venice, Also his own favourite fantasia on popular airs, introducing 'Auld Robin Gray,' 'Comin thro' the Rye,' 'Sally in our Alley,' and 'When the Swallows.'
Mr. Saqui will play a solo on the piano, introducing the imitation of a musical box, and sing some of his admired songs.
Leader and Solo Violin, Mr. Peck. Flute, Mr. Johnson; Cornet a Piston, Herr Schmidt; Second Violin, Mr. Hurley; Basso, Mr. Thompson ; Trombone, Signor Rangoni.
Mr. Saqui will preside at the piano-forte.
Doors open at half-past seven o'clock; concert to commence at eight precisely. For particulars see programme.
Admission, by tickets only, 5s. each; reserved seats, 7s. 6d.; to be had at the principal stores and hotels.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert O'Hara Burke (patron); Julius Henry Ellar (vocalist); Peter Bruce (bagpiper); Herr Schmidt (violinist); Antonio Rangoni (trombone)

"THE OVENS. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) Beechworth, 27th Nov., 1855", The Argus (4 December 1855), 6

. . . As usual after an election, things are dull; and little is doing but in balls and concerts at the various hotels - among which may be mentioned those which commence on the 28th, at the Eureka Concert Hall, Woolshed, for the benefit of the Patriotic Fund. Upwards of 500 tickets have been disposed of; and as the artistes are engaged by Mr. Heilbronn for three months, and he has announced the whole of the proceeds will be devoted to the fund, a respectable sum will be realised. Mr. Heilbronn has accomplished what no other individual has attempted at the Ovens, viz., built a large, and commodious hall, and engaged the best talent he was able for the purpose of insuring to us a first-rate musical treat. Miss L. Swannell, Messrs. E. F. Morris, Saqui, Wilmott, &c., are among those engaged by this enterprising individual. At present the Eureka Concert Hall is the most decided hit in the locality, and not one will say but that the proprietor deserves a rich reward for the energy he has displayed in the undertaking.

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Swannell (vocalist); Edgar Morris (vocalist);

"Criterion Music Hall", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (19 September 1856), 5 

The fine new music hall at the Criterion Hotel, is to be opened on Saturday evening, when an array of talented artistes are to appear. The names of the eminent vocalists, Mrs. G. Williamson, Miss Saqui and Mr. Benham, are announced; also, Mr. G. Williamson, whose impersonations of character, and imitations of actors, rendered him celebrated in London.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Benham (vocalist); Mr. and Mrs. G. Williamson (entertainer, vocalist)

"Miss Saqui", Mount Alexander Mail (7 November 1856), 4 

This lady, who is one of the vocal corps engaged at the Criterion Hall, received a benefit last night. The attendance, we regret to say, was not so great as, from her indisputable ability, we were led to anticipate. The concerts at the Criterion Hall are well maintained, and new songs are introduced in the programme every evening.

"ALLEGED NEW GOLD FIELD", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (24 November 1856), 6 

The Border Post remarks: During the week we have received intelligence of the discovery of new diggings, fifty-eight miles from Albury, on the station of Mitta Mitta Jack, formerly belonging to Mr. William Wise. About one hundred miners are stated to be actively employed and doing well, whilst several more are about rushing the spot . . . The Ovens Advertiser in giving the above paragraph remarks: - Since the foregoing was in type we have received a letter signed by David Baker and Austin Saquie, late the Sebastopol Flat, who having been to the locality, have returned disgusted with it, as a complete failure. They state it to be a rush got up for interested purposes by a storekeeper in the neighborhood, and add that they met nearly a hundred others also returning.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 May 1857), 3 

TO-NIGHT FRIDAY, AND on successive evenings . . .
The services of MR. FREDERICK PERCY AND MR. AUSTIN SAQUI, Are engaged.
Gentlemen of good voice and lovers of a good song, are begged to attend.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 June 1857), 4 

EL DORADO HOTEL . . . Engagement of Mr. Charles Oakey, The celebrated Local Comic Singer and Composer, and Mr. W. Harrison, Who will appear EVERY EVENING.
Pianist - Austin Saqui. Conductor - Frederick Percy.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Oakey (comic vocalist)

"STAR CONCERT ROOM", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 August 1857), 2 

This favorite place of amusement continues to draw nightly a crowded house. On Saturday night the building was literally crammed, and the manner in which the entertainment was received speaks sufficiently for the catering of mine host Robertson. Mr. Oakey appeared in several comic characters, and was repeatedly encored. Messrs. Harrison and Percey were in good voice, and executed several pieces most effectively. The Tyrolese Minstrels were very well received, and Mons. Haimberger executed two solos on the violin in a masterly style. Mr. Austin Saqui presided at the piano, and accompanied the several singers in a manner that shewed him to be master of the instrument.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Haimberger (violinist); Margeritta and Marie Kramer (vocalists, "Tyrolese minstrels")

"POLICE COURT. Friday, August 21 . . . MUSICAL MELANGE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 August 1857), 2 

Henry Rose was charged with assaulting Austin Saqui at the Star billiard room, on Thursday night last. The complainant was sworn, and stated he was at the Star billiard room on Thursday night last, when the defend, after using some very abusive language to him, and calling him a d----d rotten cur, struck him on the face.
By the defendant. It was about eleven o'clock, p.m. Was perfectly sober at the time. Could not say whether or not the marker was there, it is not usual for strangers to interfere with parties playing billiards.
Chas. Oakey deposed that he was present on the occasion referred to, when he heard the defendant call the complainant a ------ rotten pup.
By the defendant. The complainant was not drunk nor yet sober.
Frederick Percey was sworn, and deposed that he was present when an altercation took place between the complainant and defendant, when the former said: If you (meaning the defendant) were not so old a man, I would not take such insolence. The defendant called the complainant a rotten pup, and a ------ musician, and put his fist to his face.
- Harrison, corroborated the evidence of the previous witnesses.
For the defence, Mr. Phelan was called, and deposed that he was present at the time of the alleged occurrence. The complainant was there, and interfered with him while playing a game of billiards with the defendant; he was told to remain quiet, but only became warmer in his expressions, and called the defendant a big bellied bald man, and threatened, if he was not so old, he would have immediate satisfaction.
John Bragg, marker at the Star billiard room, deposed that the complainant was in the room on the night in question, and created great disturbance. He was the worse for drink, and was repeatedly ordered to remain quiet. There was abusive language between them, when the defendant took hold of the complainant by the collar of the coat and shook him.
The Bench dismissed the case, remarking that the language was very improper.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 September 1857), 3 

AN EXPOSURE. - The following is an extract from the Border Post:
The following Letter has been received by Mr. Nichols, of the Rose Inn:
"Star Hotel, Beechworth.
"18th Sept., 1857.
"Mr. Nichols.
"Sir, - The Company lately engaged here purpose visiting your town in a few weeks for the purpose of giving a few Concerts, and I have been advised to give your hotel the preference.
The Company, which is well known in the district, consists of five, vis.:-
Mr. Austin Saqui, Pianist
W. Radford - Violinist
P. Percy - Basso
W. Harrison - Tenor
Charles Oakey - Comic.
Of course, while stopping with you we board and lodge FREE; and we would feel obliged if you would let us know what share of traveling expenses you will defray.
"I suppose you have a piano, or can obtain one for a few nights. If not, we can bring our own; but it will be very expensive and troublesome.
"Please address by return of post to me, care of Mr. Simpson, Coach-office, Star Hotel, Beechworth, who will forward the letter to me at Wongaratta, where I shall be at the next fortnight.
"I am, Sir, your's truly.
"P. S. - Should we make a suitable arrangement with you, we will forward bills as early as possible."

ASSOCIATIONS: William Radford (violinist)

"BEECHWORTH COUNTY COURT. Saturday", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 October 1857), 3 

Edwards and Saqui v Brown and Kimball, Mr. Keefer for the plaintiff.
An action for £25 2s 6d, £5 12s 6 had been paid into court.
Edwards deposed that himself and Saqui were engaged by the defendant, at £13 per week in August 1856, for one month; the engagement was in writing, in Jan'y a verbal engagement on the same terms was entered in.
Was there thirteen weeks. Several nights the defendants requested them not to play, was willing to perform every night, presented a bill for £167. And received £141 17s 6d on account.
Mr. Saqui corroborated the evidence of the previous witness.
Mr. Kimball, one of defendants sworn. The terms of agreement were £13 per week for the services of the plaintiffs. On 10th March witness had a conversation with the plaintiffs about stopping the music, when the last witness said he knew it was not paying, and consented to leave off.
Mr. Ward Brown stated that there was no arrangement for a weeks notice.
In March they were off about a fortnight they played three nights running the fortnight and were paid for them.
His Honor summed up and the assessors returned a verdict for defendant.
Mr. Keefer gave notice motion for a new trial in the case of Edwards and Saqui v. Brown and Kimble.

"POLICE COURT. Friday, January 15th, 1858", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 January 1858), 2 

Austin Saqui and William Black, were charged with having been drunk and disorderly. His Worship read them a severe lecture on their misconduct and fined each of them 40s or three days imprisonment.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (5 April 1858), 1 

TO NIGHT Free Concert, Ball, & Supper.
J. V. DE BERG, OF the Britannia Hotel, Woolshed, invites all his Friends to a
FREE CONCERT, BALL, AND SUPPER, On EASTER MONDAY, when the Entertainments will surpass anything ever given in the District.
The Orchestra will be under the direction of Mr. AUSTIN SAQUI.
Mr. BLACK will sing a SPAETER out of the "GOODY."

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Van den Berg (publican, musician)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 June 1858), 3 

Star Theatre. Lessee - Mr. JAMES ELLIS.
OVERTURE - La Dame, Blanche, [Boieldieu]
QUADRILLE - Hibernian, with Solos for Cornet and Flageolet, by Messrs. Barlow and Kholer - Jullien.
SONG, "My Mother, dear," Mr. O'Connor - S. Lover.
DUO CONCERTANTE - Violin and Piano - Sur des themes, Lucia di Lammermoor - Radford and Saqui.
SONG, "One careless word," Madame Vitelli.
WALTZ, St Marie - Bosisio
POLKA, The Young Couple. - Cornet obligato, M. Kholer - Coote.
PART SECOND. OVERTURE, "William Tell" - Rossini.
DUETT - Lucia - "When rolling waves divided," Madame Vitelli and Mr. J. O'Connor - Donizetti.
QUADRILLE -Caledonians, with Solos for Cornet and Flageolet, Messrs. Barlow and Kohler - Jullien.
SONG, "The Cavalier," Madame Vitelli - Balfe.
DUETT CONCERTINAS - The Brothers Kholer - Cave.
SONG, "Mary of Argyle," Mr. O'Connor.
GALOP - Spirit of the Ball - Fitzgerald.
Doors open at Half-past Seven; commence at Eight o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (proprietor); Annie Vitelli (vocalist); Richard and John Kohler (musicians); Mr. Barlow (musician)

"Inigo Police Court", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 February 1859), 3 

Refreshment Licenses were granted to Austin Saqui, and William Earle.

"INDIGO . . . THE STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 February 1859), 4 

John Black still holds his place on the boards of the Star . . . In some of the Irish songs, he is great! but, not being a native of that country, he lacks the smack of the brogue which gives a raciness to the style. He is supported by Percy, a sentimental singer of slight pretensions; but he is very ably upheld by Radford, on the violin, and Saqui, on the piano. Indeed, the overtures played by Radford and Saqui are nightly, and very deservedly, encored. We say, deservedly, because the instrumentalism of Radford is the best we have heard for years.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Black (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 September 1859), 3 

The house known as the LIMERICK ARMS HOTEL, Mount Pleasant,
NEATLY fitted up with Sawn Timber, and comprising handsome Bar, Two Parlours, Six Bed Rooms, Slab Kitchen, and Out Houses. Furniture, and stock at valuation.
Apply, AUSTIN SAQUIE, on the Premises.

"POLICE. CITY COURT. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 8 . . . A FRACAS AT THE VESTIBULE", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (9 December 1859), 5 

Ann McDonald summoned Sarah Saqui and Harriet Matheson for breaking her windows. There was also a complaint for an assault against the defendants; and the plaintiff was also summoned by Ann Hart for an assault . . . It appeared from the evidence of a shoal of witnesses that the parties went, as is their usual nightly habit, into the Vestibule of the Café de Paris on Saturday night last, and there created a disturbance by fighting, screaming, and throwing at each other, and all about the room, the custards, jellies, sponge-cakes, and other comestibles, including all the tumblers and decanters which they could lay their hands on, and aggravating their unseemly conduct by disgraceful language and abuse. The affray, as far as could be judged by the evidence, commenced about 11 o'clock, by one "lady" spitting in the face of another. A fight then took place, which was joined in with much spirit by the two defendants . . . At length, with the assistance of the police the tumult was abated, and the defendant Saqui "carried out." It would then appoar that, out of revenge, the defendants Matheson and Saqui, conjointly with others, proceeded to McDonald's house, and there smashed several panes of glass, and, getting into a car, rode away to avoid the consequences or their misconduct . . . Mr. Hackett said, from his previous knowledge of the complainant McDonald . . . She was a notoriously quarrelsome, scandalous woman, and nearly all the fights, and quarrels, and disturbances that took place in the city were more or less attributable to her . . . Both the defendants and the other complainant Hart would also have to enter into their own recognisances in £5 to keep the peace for six months.

"A FREE FIGHT", The Age (9 December 1859), 3 

. . . it appeared that on Saturday evening last Anna Macdonald arrived from Bendigo, having been absent on a professional tour about three weeks. A slight reference to the early acquaintance of one Bella Stranger with Van Diemen's Land led to a rencontre between Bella and Eliza Villington, in which Bella got floored. Ann Harriet and Harriet Matheson then fell on the top of Bella, and Sarah Saqui going up to protest against unfair play - "three upon one" - was assaulted by Anna Macdonald. She returned this offensively and defensively by delivering at her head, first a sponge cake, second a coffee cup, third a tumbler, and fourth a decanter. Sarah Saqui was then carried out by Tippet, the constable who has charge of the Vestibule. In company with "other young ladies," she then chartered a cab, and visited the residence of Anna Macdonald, and having demolished the windows of her house, returned, shrieking all the way to the Vestibule, Saqui's voice audible beyond the rest, "that she had done it, she had smashed the windows, and would smash her" . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 May 1860), 5 

A young lady of a certain class, tolerably well known in the neighborhood of Stephen street, has made an elopement - not with any body in particular - only to escape from her creditors - who consist principally of gentlemen of the Hebrew persuasion. The "young lady," whose name is Sarah Saqui, has, much to the astonishment and disgust of these gentlemen, taken a trip to England per Benares, probably thinking that a sea voyage would do her good.

"STAR THEATRE, CHILTERN, AND THE WIDOWED MRS. TAYLOR", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 June 1860), 2 

Messrs. Kidd and Wertheim and the Star Concert Company have won for them selves golden opinions on the Indigo for the very liberal manner in which they have acted towards the widow and child of Doctor Taylor, one of the two unfortunate miners who lately met with a premature death by an accident in the township claim at Chiltern. Messrs. Kidd and Wertheim not only contributed to the first subscription of £50, which - to the credit of Chiltern be it repeated - was collected in two hours, but they also granted the use of their theatre on Tuesday evening last when the following professional ladies and gentlemen kindly volunteered their gratuitous services for the benefit of the bereaved family: Miss Chalker, Miss Juliana King, Messrs. Gregg, Small, Hurst, Martin, Cleveland, McGee, Fortescue, King, and Saqui. The performances were surpassing good and well arranged. The theatre was crowded to excess, and the receipts for the evening amounted to £73 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (vocalist); Juliana King (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Joe Small (comic vocalist)

"THE GRAND WINTER BALL AT CHILTERN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 August 1860), 2 

This event, which excited so much emulation among the fair daughters of our community, came off on Thursday evening last in the Star Theatre, Chiltern . . . altogether the saloon looked elegant and inviting. Dancing commenced about ten o'clock; the orchestra, which was placed at the opposite end of the room from the stage, consisted of Mr. Austin Saqui, piano; Mr. Griffiths, violin; Jenkins, the celebrated drummer, and part of the brass band from Butler's Eagle Hotel, a triangle was also added, and it was admitted that the music was altogether unexceptionable. About 250 ladies and gentlemen were present and an animating scene it was. Such a brilliant assemblage of the fair never before graced a hall in this part of the district . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Griffith (violinist)

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (16 February 1861), 3 

Sarah Saqui, Melbourne, late boarding-house keeper. Causes of insolvency - Long illness, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities, £131 12s, 6d.; assets, £16 10s. ; deficiency, £115 2s. 6d. Mr. Courtney, official assignee.

"WANGARATTA COUNTY COURT LIST", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 April 1862), 2 

. . . Thomas Learmont and R. Dunlop v Austin Saqui, £41 . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (18 August 1863), 4 

Edward Harvey, Business Manager. Paul Maxey, Stage Manager.
G. Kingsnorth, Musical Director. Austin Saqui, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (27 February 1864), 2 

CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, open every evening, with the best Company in the colonies. Billy West, the great "Any Ode Man." Chittenden, Clarke, Braham, Pearson, Selbys, Mesdames Bernerd, Celia, and West, and the Southern Male and Female Minstrels. Admission Free.
Proprietor - CHAS. WRIGHT.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chittenden (? senior or junior)

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (22 March 1864), 4 

ARMSON - SAQUI. - On the 16th inst., at Chalmers's Manse, East Melbourne, by the Rev. Dr Cairns, Captain Thomas Armson, late of the barque Ellesmere, to Miss Sarah Saqui, second daughter of Mr. Isaac Saqui, of London Home papers please copy.

"WOOD'S POINT (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) 30th November", The Herald (8 December 1864), 4 

. . . I must not omit mentioning that we have a fall sized piano up in this district. Messrs. Foos and Oat have determined that Wood's Point should no longer be without amusement in the evening. A music hall has been built in connection with the Reefers' hotel, which every evening is new crowded by amusement seekers, listening to the varied tinging of Mrs. Oakey, Messrs. Martin and Black, and the pianoforte playing of Mr. Saqui. Had such an innocent mode of passing an evening been afforded to Wood's Point before, many a man would have remained the possessor of a share which he has now swallowed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Oakey (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1866), 8

GENTLEMEN having BETS on forthcoming events with the undersigned will please COMMUNICATE with him on or before the 1st of January, 1867, for the purpose of comparing and best mode of settling, as all parties not doing so will be called on to post on Champion day.
Up-country and other colony friends please attend.
AUSTIN SAQUI, bookmaker, 33 Young-street, Victoria-parade.
PS. Books open on Sydney Cup, Melbourne Cup, Grand National, Champion, and the double events.
Country orders, with cash, promptly attended. Commissions executed.

"UNDER THE VERANDAH", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (21 March 1868), 18 

. . . The last has not been heard of the distinguished party hailing from Tattersall's, the Casino, and other cognate places of resort. Of the fraternity which travels around performing a species of pecuniary phlebotomy, two at least are well known. One, entitled Saqui, is believed to be the brother of one of the lady patronesses of a highly select salon de danse. The other is no less than the familiar and everywhere respected Joe Thompson, otherwise Solomon, alias anything else you like. These gentlemen, finding that Geelong at race time paid pretty well, next gave Ballarat a taste of their quality. Now the Corner men know a thing or two. In floating a mock company or in running up valueless shares, even we of the Verandah can't hold a candle to them. But even the Corner men hide their diminished heads before Thompson, Saqui and Co. . . .

"DIVORCE COURT. Thursday, 14th December . . .FAGAN v. FAGAN", The Age (15 December 1871), 3 

A husband's petition for dissolution of marriage, on the ground of the wife's adultery . . . Sarah Saqui, a prostitute, proved that the respondent had lived at Mrs. Fraser's [brothel], and had committed adultery there with several persons. Decree granted as prayed.

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1873), 1

SAQUI. - At the residence of his daughter, 30 Carlton-road, London, Mr. Isaac Saqui, professor of music, father of Mr. Austin Saqui, of Melbourne, after a long and painful illness, in the 67th year of his age. Sydney papers please copy.


The name of his Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh was brought into prominent notice at the County Court yesterday, before Judge Cope and a jury of four, in an action for slander brought by Sarah Reynolds, a woman well known to the police, to recover £90 damages from Mary Ann Downing, the owner of houses in Madeline-street, Carlton . . . Mrs. Downing, it appeared, did not like such a person as Sarah Reynolds occupying, her house, and on 7th May last, directed her agent, named McMillan, to serve notice to quit on Hoard, the reason given being "that the person living with you, namely, Sarah Reynolds, is a notorious prostitute." Those words constituted the libel . . . In cross-examination Sarah Reynolds denied that she was a prostitute . . . She also said that when the Duke of Edinburgh was here Detective Mackay hired apartments in the front of her house, paying at the rate of five guineas per week. To those rooms the Duke of Edinburgh, she said, brought a girl named Annie Young, of Sydney, kept her there during his stay in Victoria, and took her away with him. In reply to the cross-examination of Mr. G. P. Smith, the woman said she was sure it was not Sarah Saqui the Duke brought, and that the Royal standard was not raised over her house when the Duke was there. The house she occupied then was Yarra Cottage, in Flinders-street . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (30 August 1889), 1

SAQUI. - On the 28th inst., at his residence, 40 Ramsden-street, Clifton Hill, Austin Saqui, father of John I. Saqui, of this city, aged 54 years. May his soul rest in peace.

"Sporting . . . DEATH OF MR. AUSTIN SAQUI", Evening News [Sydney, NSW] (30 August 1889), 8 

Our telegraphic news from Melbourne contains the intelligence of the sudden death of Mr. Austin Saqui. Death, it appears, resulted from the effects of a sleeping draught. Austin Saqui was well known to the patrons of racecourses in both New South Wales and Victoria, and the fact may be recorded that he was one of the oldest bookmakers on the colonial turf. The life of every bookmaker no doubt is eventful, and Mr. Saqui's career was no exception to the rule. More than once he has interested his friends with narrations concerning the incidents of his life. He was the son of an accomplished English musician, and arrived, when a young man, in the golden days of Victoria. Like his father, Saqui was a musician, and the Ovens district attracted his attention. There he obtained situation as pianist in a concert hall, and he has himself told the story that that circumstance led to his becoming a bookmaker. One night the concert hall was filled with miners who, as were their wont on those days, when gold was so easily found, were engaged in gambling. After enlivening the proceedings with music, Saqui passed out of the hall, and soon after leaving picked up a £5 note. He at once returned to the hall and joined a "hazard" party. Luck favored him, and he won a good stake. Next, day he became a bookmaker and wielded the pencil for the remaining days of his life. He was always regarded as a smart bookmaker, and during his career owned many good racehorses. In 1869 he won the Melbourne Cup with Warrior; and it may be mentioned as a coincidence that the late Joe Morrison rode the winner. Owner and jockey therefore died within a week of one another, and their deaths were not due to natural causes. It is also worthy of note that while the Melbourne Cup of 1869 was the only one which Austin Saqui appropriated as an owner, it was also the only Melbourne Cup in which Joe Morrison, during his long career as a jockey, rode the winner.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Morrison (jockey)

"On the Wing", Table Talk (13 September 1889), 15 

The Saqui Family, to which the late Mr. Austin Saqui, of Clifton Hill, belonged, is noted for having produced many musicians of considerable repute. The father of the deceased - Isaac Saqui - was a well-known teacher of the piano and organ, as well as singing, in London. A. Saqui, of Liverpool, a brother of Isaac, who is still living, is a composer and musician of high repute. Austin Saqui, at the age of fifteen, was one of the piano performers at the London Exhibition of 1851, and played before Her Majesty the Queen on the occasion of the opening of the first World Show. Austin Saqui used to say that he was the only aristocratic Jew in Australia and his son, John I., endorses his father's opinion.

Administration and probate, Abraham Saqui, 1889; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

"PERSONALITIES", The Australian Workman (20 February 1897), 3 

Sydney Evening News reprints some matter concerning Ilma di Murska, the Eiffel Tower soprano of her day, and her experiences in Australia from the reminiscences of de Vivo, who managed her tour. They seem scarcely correct. Alfred Anderson, the pianist, was a Melbourne, not a London, Jew. At the time it was said that she married him, not for love but out of pique because Forster, the accompanist she brought from America, had married Sarah Saqui, then just beginning to blow fully, while on a bender at Ballarat. Anyhow. Forster was at once discharged and Anderson, who took his place, became the husband of the Hungarian inside a month or so. Nor can it be true that di Murska hated John Hill, who succeeded Anderson at the piano on the latter's death from consumption, for he afterwards also took his place at the marital couch. The singer and Hill, who soon became Signor Illo on the bills, afterwards quarrelled, it was said, and separated. She had a great appetite for pianists - one did not last her long.

"AUSTIN SAQUI", Sydney Sportsman (19 June 1901), 3 

A different type of sportsman from William Robinson was Austin Saqui, who belonged to a class of horsey men who were known as professional bookmakers, while they held large interests in horses performing on the turf, Joe Thompson and Eli Jellett being two of the same ilk. Austin Saqui was a Londoner, and arrived with other members of his family in Melbourne in the early fifties. His father was a vocalist and a pianist who used to sing and play at the Rosemary Branch Gardens, Islington, then owned and run by Mr. William Barton, who afterwards kept the John Bull Tavern in Little Collins-street, Melbourne. Saqui the elder had one song which used to fetch the audience; we forget its name, but its first lines were: Flow, thou regal purple stream,
Tinted by the Solar beam,
the purple stream being of course the ruby wine. A daughter of this ancient musician was Miss Sarah Saqui, who earned "distinction" during the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh to the Australian colonies in the sixties. Sarah had her turn on the stage too. She had a very presentable appearance, a good voice and winning manners. In the fifties there were several places of entertainment in Melbourne and the suburbs. Sandridge, now Port Melbourne, had a number, amongst them being The Ship and The Chusan. At both of these the "Divine Sarah" took her nightly turn, and earned shekels.

In his turn Austin Saqui was bookmaker, horse-owner, and hotelkeeper, the latter being at St. Kilda, where Sarah acted as barmaid and attracted custom. Mr. Saqui was for many years a prominent member of the Victorian betting ring and owned many horses during his career, the best of them being Warrior, with whom he won the Melbourne Cup and a good stake in 1869. On that occasion he had the advantage of having the late Joe Morrison in the pigskin. With Misty Morn, Mistake, and other horses Mr. Saqui was frequently successful.

By profession he was, like his father, a musician, in fact the family was musical, Austin being a good performer on the piano. In November, 1867, Austin Saqui, Joe Thompson, and Bill Branch got into an awkward scrape at a night hotel kept by Thompson and Coleman, in Bourke street. A butcher and amateur bookmaker alleged that in a gambling transaction he had been "taken down" by the bookmaking trio. Mr. Ashton was never a "clean man," but he and a friend were so persistent that "a grey" had been used, that the police magistrate had no option but to commit the accused for trial, when they came before the superior court, with judge and jury, they were promptly acquitted. Mr. Ashton disappeared soon after, leaving many persons lamenting.

Mr. Saqui was a great martyr to gout, and was in the habit of taking opium to induce sleep. On the Wednesday evening, August 28, 1889, he went to his home at Clifton Hill, near Melbourne, and complained of the pain he was suffering, and took a dose of laudanum. He fell asleep in his chair, but could not be awakened on Friday morning. Medical assistance was called in, but all efforts to arouse him failed, and he died shortly afterwards. There was no idea that Mr. Saqui took an overdose of the mixture deliberately, and at an inquiry into the cause of death, the jury found that the deceased died from the effects of an overdose of laudanum taken to procure sleep. Mr. Saqui left a widow and family, one of the sons being Mr. J. I. Saqui, the well-known turf commission agent. Mr. Saqui was 54 years of age at his death.

"A BYGONE BAGNIO. Death and the Demi-Monde. Edinburgh's Evening's Entertainment. A Parsimonious Prince (From Our Melbourne Correspondent)", Truth [Sydney, NSW] (21 September 1902), 6 

. . . Chief interest, of course, centred around the much talked of, visit of the Duke of Edinburgh to the drum. His Racketty Highness is stated to have only gone there once, and then it was arranged that his fancy woman - Sarah Saqui - was to be there to receive him. In due course the Prince arrived, with a RETINUE OF RAKES AND ROUES. He immediately went upstairs, and remained there with Sarah Saqui for an hour. Meanwhile the retinue remained be low and entertained the girls with fizz . . .

"ANNALS OF THE TURF . . . Miss Sarah Saqui . . . No. XL (By Heyseed)", Sydney Sportsman (10 February 1904), 8 

Apropos Mr. Austin Saqui ("Sportsman" 27/1/04:) a correspondent writes, furnishing anecdotes and incidents in the life of Miss Sarah Saqui, a sister of the deceased sportsman. ["]I am thoroughly acquainted with the history of the Saquis. The members of the family were distinguished as musicians, the father, whom I had the pleasure of knowing, being noted in his line in England; Mr. Austin Saqui was distinguished as a pianist. In the fifties, Miss Saqui shared with Emma Ward the music-hall honors at the Napoleon III, on Emerald Hill, and other halls of music then in full swing in what are now known as Port Melbourne and South Melbourne, but then known as Sandridge and Emerald Hill. In the fifties' there were some pretty cottages, with little garden plots in front, off Bourke-street East, where Dr. L. L. Smith, a tip-top sportsman and intimately connected with music and the drama, built the Polytechnic Hall. In one of these Miss Ward lived, and if Miss Saqui be still in the land of the living she will remember the pleasant Sunday evenings spent in the cottage, Sunday being of course, the only off night for stage artists. In one of these cottages also lived, another at one time well-known caterer for public amusement, Mr. William Barton, who kept the Rosemary-branch Gardens, at Islington, London. Being unfortunately burned out (in 1853) Mr. Barton came to Australia. where by industry and good management he succeeded in making "a pile." He was well-known in the seventies as "The Kitchen Doctor," and proprietor of the "John Bull Tavern," in Little Collins-street . . .

"ANNALS OF THE TURF . . . No. LI (By Hayseed)", Sydney Sportsman (4 May 1904), 8 

. . . the Napoleon III. Inn, Emerald Hill. This was the famous inn to which was attached a large concert hall, where Sarah Saqui and Kate Ward warbled nightly to enthusiastic audiences . . .

"TURF NOTES", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (22 June 1907), 12 

. . . A few days after Mr. Austin Saqui (pronounced "Psyche"), a brother of Miss "Sarah" Saqui, of questionable Duke of Edinburgh fame had made him noted by winning the Melbourne Cup with Warrior, a lady and gentleman were walking through the Melbourne Art Gallery. In the course of their travels they came across the statue of Psyche, "Dear me," exclaimed the lady, who enjoyed a classical reputation, "What is it called?" "Saqui," promptly replied her companion, whereupon the learned lady said, "What a shame! Call that beautiful statute after a racing man," and thus the lady's classic reputation vanished into thin air . . .

"SPORTING NOTIONS", The bulletin (8 April 1909), 26 

. . . wherever the diggers were on good gold, Joe Thompson would be found, and when Ararat became a mere poor man's field, he joined forces with the late Austin Saqui and started a dancing saloon at Rutherglen. Saqui was a remarkably fine pianist and supplied the music, while Joe looked after the preservation of order. The police swore that the saloon was a model to the whole of Victoria. When Rutherglen declined, Joe and Saqui returned to Melbourne, and made a more or less precarious living "following racing" in all its forms . . .

[Joseph Michael Forde], "MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (27 July 1910), 3 

. . . Sandridge and Emerald Hill, in the mid-fifties, had their music halls - at The Chequers Inn, Sandridge, and at the Napoleon III. on Emerald Hill. At the latter, Sarah Saqui was a favorite vocalist, as was Miss Emma Ward, who afterwards descended to an oyster shop at Bendigo. She was a Londoner, and no connection with the other Wards who trod the legitimate stage; but she and Sarah Saqui made money at these public house music halls in the roaring fifties . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); Emma Ward (vocalist)

"SPORTING: THE TURF", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (2 November 1910), 47 

. . . Saqui was a musician attracted to Victoria by the glitter of gold in the digging days, but he quickly forsook the piano for the [bookmaker's] pencil, and at one time was a very wealthy man, but I have heard he died very poor indeed . . .

[Joseph Michael Forde], "EARLY MELBOURNE (BY "OLD CHUM") No. 129", Truth [Perth, WA] (23 March 1912), 12 

. . . At Sandridge and Emerald Hill, now known as Port Melbourne and South Melbourne respectively, were music halls attached to the hotels, and at which appeared some very fair singers who had had some London experience, Miss Sarah Saqui and Miss Emma Ward being of the number. These intercepted the seafaring people on the tramp to Melbourne, and in the mid-fifties Sandridge and the Sandridge-road was the highway for 'bus and foot passengers. Hobson's Bay was full of shipping, and the maritime village had a busy time of it. One speculator, it may be remembered, Mr. Alfred Phillips, built a theatre at Sandridge, and had high hopes of great success in his venture; but the fire fiend destroyed these hopes, and left the uninsured manager penniless.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Phillips (vocalist, actor)

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Patterson, Nobblers and lushingtons: a history of the hotels of Beechworth and the Ovens District (Beechworth: Endymion, 2009)

Steve Harris, The prince and the assassin: Australia's first royal tour and portent of world terror (Melbourne: Melbourne Books, 2018) (PREVIEW)

Heathcote Pursuit, "The strange story of Maie Saqui (1879-1907)", Forgotten Australian actors 

SARGOOD FAMILY (shareable link to this entry)

SARGOOD, Frederick James (Frederick James SARGOOD; F. J. SARGOOD)

Musical amateur, vocalist, founding member Melbourne Philharmonic Society

Born London, England, 28 August 1805; baptised St. George, Hanover Square, 22 September 1805; son of John SARGOOD (1771-1850) and Diana Susannah WELDING (1772-1847)
Married Emma RIPPON (1799-1884), St. Peter, Walworth, London, 30 October 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton)
Died Croydon, Surrey, England, 15 January 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)

SARGOOD, Frederick Thomas (Frederick Thomas SARGOOD)

Musical amateur, vocalist, philanthropist

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 30 May 1834; baptised Walworth Locks Fields Chapel, Southwark, 12 October 1834; son of Frederick James SARGOOD (1805-1873) and Emma RIPPON (1799-1884)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton)
Married Marian Australia ROLFE, East St. Kilda, VIC, 9 September 1858
Died (on holiday) New Zealand, 2 January 1903 (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)

SARGOOD, Marian Australia (Marian Australia ROLFE; Miss ROLFE; Mrs. Frederick Thomas SARGOOD)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Haggestron, Middlesex, England, 1839; baptised St. Mary Haggerston, Hackney, 17 February 1839; daughter of George ROLFE (1808-1871) and Marian Wordsworth KERVILLE (1816-1849)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 January 1849 (per Psyche, from London, 12 August 1848)
Married Frederick Thomas SARGOOD, East St. Kilda, VIC, 9 September 1858
Died Rippon Lea, Melbourne, VIC, 6 January 1879, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Frederick Thomas and Marian Sargood, 1858

Frederick Thomas and Marian Sargood, c. 1858


In 1854, Frederick James Sargood was a founding member and committee member of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society.

His son, Frederick Thomas Sargood, married Marian Rolfe, at St. Kilda on 9 September 1858. From 1868 the Sargoods lived in their new Melbourne mansion Rippon Lea. Evidently like her husband a keen musical amateur, Marian Sargood's musical legacy consists at least three albums of songs and piano pieces, each including a few Australian publications, and compiled from individual printed sheets collected during the 1850s and 1860s, which she then had bound.

Two of these albums are at the National Library of Australia:

The third album, held privately by her descendent Beverley Stevens (NZ), was collected by Marian Rolfe c. 1853-56, contents given below.

Marian Sargood, 1875

Marian Sargood, 1875

Contents of Marian Rolfe album (private collection; Australian works/prints bold):

1 The Melbourne varsovienne (composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by J. Wilkie, [185-?]); see here for another Digitised copy

2 Sontag polka (composed/arranged by Charles D'Albert) (London: Chappell, [n.d.]) copy inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe, July 1856"

3 Wanda varsovienne (by Réné Favarger, Dedicated a Miss Powell) (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)

4 The kangaroo hunt polka (composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by Joseph Wilkie, [185-?]); see here from another Digitised copy

5 The Victorian waltz (composed by Mrs. Charles Terry) (Melbourne: Cyrus Mason. Lith., [1854])

6 Mazurka brilliante, etude (by Adrien Talexy) (London: Addison & Hollier,) cover inscribed: "Marian Australia Rolfe"

7 Echos du theatre, Don Carlos, set 1. Fra Diavolo (by Alphonse Santillane (sets 2-4 not included -  2. Puritani, 3. Ernani, 4. Rigoletto) (London: Leoni Lee); cover inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe"

8 The King Pippin waltz (composed by Charles D'Albert, arranged by Edward F. Rimbault;  from a series of a series of 24 favourite melodies arranged by Edward F. Rimbault for The Young Pupil and expressly intended to follow the Instruction Book (London: Chappell); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"

9 Varsoviana nationale (composed by Alphonse Leduc) (London: Robert Cocks & Co., [?] [with brief instructions on the steps for the Varsoviana and for the Polka Mazurka or Redowa]; cover inscribed "M. A. Rolfe"

10 The may-bells (by Mendelssohn arranged by William Hutchins Callcott) (London: Addison & Hollier); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, February / 5 (?6), Melbourne"

11 The wedding march (composed by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy) (London: Metzler & Co); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, March / 56"

12 Morceau elegante (sur la cavatine favorite de l'opera de Bellini "Montecchi E Capuletti" par Ferdinand Beyer) [publisher details missing, cover torn]; cover inscribed: "Rolfe"

13 Il mio tesoro (from Mozart's Don Giovanni, transcribed by G. A. Osborne) (London: Addison & Hollier)

14 Luisa Miller (no. 8 of Operatic Airs for the Pianoforte by J. Rummel (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)

15 Ellen, mazurka brilliante et facile (par P. De Vos; Dedicated a Miss E. Leary) (London: Cramer Beale & Co)

16 La plui de perles, valse brilliant (par G. A. Osborne; dedicated to Miss Grace Chappell) (London: Jullien & Co.); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"

17 Home, sweet home (no. 4. Of Household melodies arranged by J. M. Gibson) (London: Duff & Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. 7/53"

18 Le jet de perles, grande polka brilliante (by W. Neuland) (London: Leoni Lee)

19 Largo al factotum (from the opera of the Barber of Seville composed by Rossini arranged as a pianoforte piece) (no. 46 of Davidson's Popular piano pieces) ([London]: )

20 Dans ces instants; ou, Le coeur pense (no. 3 of the Oeuvres choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)

21 Auf Leichtem Zweig (no. 17 of the Oeuvres choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)

22 De conte, conte li prendi (From Bellini's opera Norma; arranged for the pianoforte by Henri Schubert) (London: H. White)

23 Herz Mein Herz (by Weber; arranged for the piano forte with a flute or violin) (London: H. White); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. /5[?]

24 La Germandrée valse (par Stephen Glover) (London: Duff and Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, [date illegible]")

My thanks to Sargood descendent Beverley Stevens for kindly supplying information about the family album in her possession (May 2013)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (17 January 1849), 3 

Tuesday, January 16 . . . The barque Psyche, 265 tons, Bowyles, master, from London. Passengers - In the cabin . . . Mr. and Mrs. Rolfe and three children . . .

"Original Correspondence. DR. LANG AND HIS ASSAILANTS. To the Editor of . . .", The Argus (11 March 1850), 2 

SIR . . . A writer in the Geelong Advertiser has been commiserating the fate of certain respectable females of the class of governess, whom I am alleged to have brought out to the colony with delusive expectations, who are now suffering from want of employment. I know of no such cases myself, and should therefore feel obliged if this anonymous scribbler, whose impudent falsehoods Mr. Harrison admits into his paper, The Squatter's Advocate, for obvious reasons, would condescend to point them out . . . Apropos, - I understand I have got extraordinary credit in certain questionable quarters for having been instrumental in bringing out the popular professional singer, Miss Flower. I have no merit whatever in the matter. Miss Flower has a brother in Sydney, and happened to be related by marriage to the family of Mr. Sargood, a zealous independent, who was coming out with his large family to settle in this province; she naturally enough availed herself of the opportunity of coming out as one his party, and under his protection. I was not aware of her musical abilities till we had got within the tropics . . .
I am, Sir, Your most obedt. servant,

ASSOCIATIONS: John Dunmore Lang (clergyman, organiser of the immigrants per Clifton); Sara Flower (vocalist)

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (14 September 1858), 4

On the 9th inst., at the residence of the bride's father, St. Kilda, by the Rev. R. Fletcher, Frederick Thomas, son of F. J. Sargood, Esq., M.L.A., to Marian Australia, daughter of George Rolfe, Esq., of Melbourne.

"Births" and "Deaths", The Argus (24 January 1879), 1

SARGOOD. - On the 4th inst., at Rippon Lea, Elsternwick, the wife of F. T. Sargood of a son, stillborn.

SARGOOD. - On the 6th inst., at Rippon Lea, Elsternwick, Marian Australia, the wife of F. T. Sargood, aged 40 years.

"THE LATE SIR FREDERICK SARGOOD", The Argus (19 January 1903), 5

. . . the firing party, from the Field and Garrison Artillery, who were . . . formed in front of the grave, fired three volleys of blank cartridge as a last salute, and as the echoes of the firing died away the members of the Metropolitan Liedertafel, of which the late Sir Frederick Sargood was president, sang Sullivan's beautiful part song, "The Long Day Closes," under the conductorship of Mr. Ernest Wood. Then the great crowd quietly dispersed.

Other sources:

Rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society ([Melbourne: Melbourne Philharmonic Society], 1854) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Melbourne Philharmonic Society (organisation)

Bibliography and resources:

John Rickard, "Sargood, Frederick Thomas (1834-1903)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Ann V. Beedell, Terminal silence: Sara Flower and the diva enigma: explorations of voice and the maternal in operatic experience in colonial Australian history ca. 1850-1865 (Ph.D thesis, Griffith University, 1999), especially 46-54

Kate Stevens, "From 'Home sweet home' to the 'Kangaroo hunt polka': the colonial voyages of Marian Sargood's music album", in Annabel Cooper, Lachy Paterson and Angela Wanhalla (eds), The lives of colonial objects (Dunedin: Otago University Press, 2015), 87–92, 334 

Beverley Stevens, "Clara's story: memories of Rippon Lea", Fragments of an ordinary life (posted 19 February 2019) 

Edited memoirs of Clara Wordsworth Sargood Webster (1864-1955), including these recollections of her mother Marian:

What remembrances of the songs Mother used to sing to us in her sweet soprano voice, we children joining in the chorus, Far Away, We'd Better Bide a Wee, Dame Europa's School, Just Before the Battle Mother, and many minstrel songs. And on Sunday evening round the piano singing our favourite hymns.

[Sundays] About 3.30 we went into Mother's bedroom or the drawing room and would gather around her for Sunday School. We used to learn out of a little "Mother's Catechism", repeat our hymn, scripture and card - and then Mother's talk and reading out of the "Line upon Line" or "Prep of the Day", with questioning time till tea time, after which we again gathered round Mother at the piano for our hymns. Father joining us - Mother had a sweet soprano voice. When the younger children had gone to bed, Mother would read to us from some book - Ministering Children, The Children of Cloverley, or one of A.L.C.E's were favourites. I can see her now with her sweet face, so patient and loving.


Musician, contralto vocalist (a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music)

Born England, 17 April 1831; baptised St. Philip, Birmingham, 1 July 1832; daughter of Robert Tuckey SAUNDERS (1802-1875) and Emma JONES (1806-1832)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 January 1858 (per Helen Lindsay, from London, 13 September)
Married Robert Henry CALDICOTT (c. 1834-1905), Adelaide, SA, 24 June 1858
Died Parkside, SA, 12 May 1891, aged "60" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Emma Saunders was a daughter of Robert Tuckey Saunders (c. 1802-1875), a schoolmaster and later a clergyman, and his wife Emma Jones.

She was a pupil first in Birmingham of Charles Jean-Baptiste Duchemin, and later studied singing with Luigi Negri at the Royal Academy of Music in London for two years (1850-52).

Aged 26, she sailed from London in September 1857 for South Australia, there, in June 1858, to marry her cousin, Robert Caldicott. She first appeared in public in Adelaide as Miss Saunders, accompanied on the piano by her cousin Harriet Caldicott, in April 1858, and again at Cesare Cutolo's three concerts in November and December as Mrs. Caldicott.

After the birth of her second child, a daughter, on 6 August 1860, Emma suffered puerperal fever. She recovered, but she did not recover from the same illness following the birth of a son on 18 August 1871. Diagnosed with chronic mania, she was admitted to the Adelaide Lunatic Asylum on 10 April 1873. She died of bronchitis on 12 May 1891.

Thanks to John Bishop of Uraidla, SA, for sharing information on his great-great grandmother.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Philip, Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, in the year 1831; register 1830-33, page 156; Library of Birmingham (PAYWALL)

No. 364 / 1831 1st July / Emma Eliza, born 17 April 1831, daug'r of / Robert Tuckey [and] Emma / Saunders / Brearly Cottage / School Master . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, St. George, Hanover Square, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1475 (PAYWALL)

4 Tenterden St. Royal Academy of Music . . . Joanna Cooke / 35 / Resident Governess . . .
Susannah Batt / 26 / Sub [Resident Governess] . . .
Emma Saunders / 19 / Music Student / [born] Birmingham . . .

"MONDAY EVENING CONCERTS", Aris's Birmingham Gazette (12 April 1852), 3 (PAYWALL)

The audience last week was not so numerous as usual, although there was a more than attractive programme. After a pleasing Fughetta by Mendelssohn, the Choir sang the fine old madrigal of Marenzio, "Lady, see on every side," with much expression; this was followed the popular duet of Braham, "When thy bosom heaves the sigh," which Mrs. Bull and Mr. Ray rendered with their accustomed good taste. Mrs. Bull and Miss Saunders fully maintained their previous reputation by the artistic execution of the duets, "I know a bank," and "Soon, ah! too soon" . . .

[Advertisement], Aris's Birmingham Gazette (19 April 1852), 3 (PAYWALL)

MISS SAUNDERS begs to inform the Inhabitants of Birmingham and its vicinity, that it is her intention to give INSTRUCTION in SINGING.
Miss Saunders has, for two years, been a Student at the Royal Academy of Music, London, under the tuition of Signor Negri, from whom she has a satisfactory testimonial.
If required, the rudiments of Harmony and Italian could be taught.
For particulars apply to Mr. Harrison, Music-seller, Colmore-row.

ASSOCIATIONS: Luigi Negri (teacher)

[Advertisement], Birmingham Journal (30 July 1853), 4 (PAYWALL)

MISS SAUNDERS, Professor of Singing, Student from the Royal Academy Music,
informs the Inhabitants of Birmingham, Dudley, and Vicinities, that she continues giving LESSONS in SINGING and the RUDIMENTS of HARMONY.
Terms: One Guinea and a Half per Quarter; Single Lessons, Five Shillings each.
Signor Negri's Testimonial.
"I can conscientiously aver that Miss Saunders's uniform attention to my instruction fully entitles her the confidence of any one that may engage her. LUIGI NEGRI, Professor of Singing at the Royal Academy of Music, London."
Address - Care of Mrs. Bogle, Stationer, Dudley.

[Advertisement], Birmingham Journal (15 July 1854), 4 (PAYWALL)


[Advertisement], Birmingham Journal (14 April 1855), 4 (PAYWALL)

. . . MISS SAUNDERS'S Third annual evening concert,
will take place at Dudley Arms Hotel, on TUESDAY EVENING, April 24th, 1855.
VOCALISTS: SOPRANO - MRS. BULL, (Of the Royal Academy of Music,)
CONTRALTO - MISS SAUNDERS, (Of the Royal Academy of Music,) . . .

"COSELEY. CONCERT", Birmingham Journal (24 January 1857), 8 (PAYWALL)

A grand concert took place in the National School Room, on Monday evening last, under distinguished patronage, and was attended upwards of five hundred of the principal inhabitants of the neighbourhood . . . The vocalists engaged were Miss Timmins, Miss Saunders, Mr. Matheson, of the Liverpool concerts, Mr. Williams, Mr. Wilkinson, Mr. W. Mainwaring, and Mr. George Mainwaring. Mr. Alfred Beddoe presided at the piano-forte. Certainly a more enthusiastic (if also somewhat inconsiderate) audience never assembled, for out of sixteen pieces no less than ten were encored . . . Miss Saunders sang, she always does, with great beauty and taste. Her rendering of the grand aria by Mercadante, "Le m'abbandoni," was exquisite. She was also encored the ballad, "Floating away," and in the duet, "O'er shepherd pipe," with Mr. Mainwaring . . .

MUSIC: Se m'abbandoni (Mercadante, from Nitocri); Floating away (Blockley)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . PASSENGERS EXPECTED", Adelaide Observer [SA] (21 November 1857), 2 supplement 

Per Helen Lindsay, 490 tons. Goble, master, from London, cleared Sept. 12 - . . . Miss Emma Eliza Saunders . . .

Adelaide, SA (from 5 January 1858):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (6 January 1858), 2 

Tuesday January 5 - The barque Helen Lindsay, 500 tons, R. M. Goble, master, from London, Sept. 13. Scott, Port, agent. Passengers - . . . Misses Christina and Emma Eliza Sanders [sic] . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 April 1858), 1

Subscribers and the public are informed that the periodical
LECTURE AND CONCERT will take place in M. White's Assembly Room, King William-street, on TUESDAY next, the 27th instant.
The LECTURE will be delivered by JOHN HOWARD CLARK, Esq. Subject - "Oliver Goldsmith."
1. Song - Mr. J. W. Daniel
2. Violin - Mr. R. B. White, R.A.M. - Sainton.
4. "Vaga Luna" - Miss Saunders (pupil of the Royal Academy of Music) - Bellini.
5. Song - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
6. Solo, Piano - "The Birds and the Rivulet"
Mr. R. B. White - Richards.
7. Song, "Excelsior" - Miss Saunders - accompanyist - Miss Horn - Blockley . . .
NATH. HAILES, Secretary. April 22, 1858.

ASSOCIATIONS: Nathaniel Hailes (secretary); John Howard Clark (lecturer); Josiah Wyke Daniel (vocalist); Richard Baxter White (violinist, pianist); Annette Horn (pianist, advertised accompanist)

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

The periodical lecture and concert was given in White's Assembly Room on Tuesday evening. As usual there was an immense attendance, and the varied amusements of the evening were enjoyed with as much zest as on any former occasion . . . Miss Saunders, a young lady, a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music, next made her debut before a South Australian audience. She possesses a fine voice highly cultivated, and, notwithstanding the nervous diffidence inseparable perhaps from a first appearance, acquitted herself in a charming manner. The air "Vaga Luna", by Bellini, was judiciously chosen, and her delightful execution of it elicited a spontaneous and hearty burst of applause, which was followed by an imperative redemand. Miss Saunders was accompanied by Miss Caldicott, an accomplished pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harriet Caldicott (accompanist, pianist, cousin)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 May 1858), 1 

EDUCATION. MISS SAUNDERS, Pupil of Monsieur Duchemin, of the Conservatoir, Brussels, and for two years of Signor Negri, at the Royal Academy of Music, London, respectfully announces that she gives LESSONS in ITALIAN and ENGLISH SINGING.
Tapley Cottage, Gilbert-street east.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Jean-Baptiste Duchemin (teacher); Luigi Negri (teacher)

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (30 June 1858), 2

On the 24th June, at St. John's Church, by the Rev. A. R. Russell, Mr. R. H. Caldicott, to Emma Eliza, only daughter of the Rev. R. T. Saunders, of Hampton-in-Arden, Warwickshire.

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", South Australian Register (23 October 1858), 3

On Friday evening one of the largest and most respectable companies we ever saw in Adelaide was drawn together in White's Room by the announcement of the St. Paul's Church annual conversazione, and we noticed among those present representatives of Christian Churches of every denomination . . . Several anthems, by the choirs of the various city churches, were interspersed with excellent effect; and Miss Rowe favoured the company, in accordance with our announcement yesterday, with several sweet songs, besides taking part in two or three duets and other pieces. An unexpected pleasure was also given to the company by the kindness of Mrs. R. H. and Miss Caldicott, who, without any previous notice, consented, at the request of the Committee, to add their vocal and instrumental assistance . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Jane Rowe (vocalist, pianist); White's Assembly Room (venue)

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (26 November 1858), 1 

SIGNOR C. CUTOLO, The distinguished Italian Pianist, Elève of the Royal College of Music of Naples, and Pupil of the Great Composer Mercadante, has the honor to announce that he will give a
THIS EVENING (Friday), November 26.
Assisted by MRS. CALDICOTT (late Miss Saunders), Vocalist; and MR. R. B. WHITE, Violinist.
1. "Etude Source et Torrent," composed and executed by SIGNOR CUTOLO.
2. Aria - "Quando Miro," MRS. CALDICOTT - Mozart.
3. Fantasia of De Beriot - MR. R. B. WHITE.
4. Song, "Adieu" - MRS. CALDICOTT - Schubert.
5. Selection of Airs from the favorite London Opera, "La Traviata," composed and executed by SIGNOR CUTOLO.
1. Grand Fantasia from "Lucia di Lammermoor, executed by SIGNOR CUTOLO - Prudent.
2. Solo, Violin - MR. R. B. WHITE - Sainton.
3. Song - "Over the Sea" - MRS. CALDICOTT.
4. Grand Fantasia from "La Sonnambula" - SIGNOR CUTOLO - Thalberg . . .

But see also earlier [Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (24 November 1858), 1 

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (27 November 1858), 2 

When we mentioned a few days ago the arrival of this extraordinary Neapolitan, we were only able to speak of his musical powers from report . . . Having listened to the playing of Signor Cutolo, we can say with confidence that even the highest accounts of it which we have seen in the papers . . . were not exaggeration but simple truth . . . The evening's entertainment was diversified by the vocal performances of Mrs. Caldicott, who sang several pieces during the evening with considerable taste, and, though appearing to great disadvantage in the presence of so great a "master of the tuneful art" as Signor Cutolo, her performances were fully appreciated by the audience. Whilst the "forte" of the vivacious Italian appears to be to arouse the deep-seated feelings of the rapt listener into activity, Mrs. Caldicott, on the other hand, possesses the charm by which "To soothe the throbbing passions into rest" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (pianist);

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 November 1858), 1 

THIS EVENING (Tuesday), November 30,
Under the distinguished patronage of HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR-IN-CHIEF, LADY MACDONNELL, and SUITE.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 2. "Maydew" - Mrs. Caldicott - Sterndale Bennet . . .
4. "Il Segretto" - Mrs. Caldicott - Donizetti . . .
PART II . . . 3. "Floating Away" - Mrs. Caldicott - Blockley . . .

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (1 December 1858), 2 

White's Room was well attended on Tuesday evening, His Excellency the Governor and Lady MacDonnell being present, and a very large assemblage of the highest class of ladies and gentlemen. The entertainment opened with "La Source," a very sweet piece by Blumenthal, beautifully executed and much admired. Mrs. Caldicott's song, "Maydew," followed, in which she was very successful . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (9 December 1858), 1 

Under the patronage of His EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR-IN-CHIEF,
will be given to SIGNOR CUTOLO, on MONDAY EVENING, the 13th Instant . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 6. Duet from the Opera Il Trovatore, Mrs. CALDICOTT and Signor CUTOLO . . .
PART II . . . 4. Song, "Ave Maria" (Schubert) - Mrs. CALDICOTT . . .


Dancing master, music master, convict

Born England, c. 1799/1800
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 January 1816 (convict per Ocean, from London, 15 August 1815) (shareable link to this entry)


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, fifth session, 1814, 287 

542. ISAAC SAUNDERS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of April, two seals, value 30s. and a gold ring, value 4s. the property of John Jones, from his person . . . GUILTY, aged 14. Transported for Life.

"OLD BAILEY, May 31", Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser (1 June 1814), 3 (PAYWALL)

. . . T. Jones, J. Bainbridge, H. Hart, J. Williams, A. George, and I. Saunders to be transported for life . . .

Entrance book, Phoenix hulk, Sydney, NSW, 1828; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

1828 July 14 . . . / Isaac Saunders / Ocean / 1816 / P[rotestant] / Music master / [trial] London / Life / . . . [sentenced] Windsor / 21 June 1828 / Theft / 12 months

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Jordan, The convict theatres of early Australia 1788-1840 (Sydney: Currency House Inc., 2002), 143-47, 310 notes 17 and 20

[147] . . . On a list of those sailing for Port Macquarie on 26 November 1823 he appeared as serving a three-year colonial sentence and was listed . . . as a dancing master. By July 1829 [recte 1828], when sent to the Phoenix hulk to serve a further 12-month sentence for theft, he was being described as a music master . . .


Teacher of French, English, and Italian dancing, dancing master, sportsman (? cockfighter)

Born San Domingo / Saint-Dominique, Caribbean
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1830
Died Sydney, NSW, 20 August 1833 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 April 1830), 1 

A CARD. MRS. RAINE begs to apprise the inhabitants of Sydney, that having consulted her friends, she is determined, in consequence of the death of Mr. Brunton, to open a select DANCING SCHOOL; And has engaged Mr. Saunderson, a gentleman who teaches in the French, English, and Italian style, to give two Lessons weekly, and two Lessons will also be given by the two Miss Fulloon's. As it is unpleasant for young Ladies to go home after dark, the Master will, attend on Tuesday and Friday afternoons, from 3 till 5 o'clock. Terms Two Guineas per Quarter. Mrs. R. also begs to inform those Ladies and Gentlemen who may be pleased to honour her with their patronage, that any Pupil entering on the Quarter, must pay for the same whether they attend or not.
No. 12, O'Connel-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Brunton (dancing master); Elizabeth Raine (school master)

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (22 August 1833), 4 

On the evening of Tuesday, the 20th instant, at his residence in York-street, Mr. William Saunderson, Dancing-master, after a short and sudden illness.

"Sporting Chronicle . . . OBITUARY", The Australian (23 August 1833), 3 

Mr. William Saunderson, better known in the Cock Pit and to sporting men by the name of "Black Billy" received his death blow on Tuesday last. Billy by his quiet and peaceable demeanour was universally respected by all who knew him in his time, and is now regretted by many friends - he has lately followed his avocation as a dancing master, in which profession he was a proficient. His loss will be felt at many of the juvenile schools in the Colony, at which he taught to trip it "on the light fantastic toe." The deceased was a native of St. Domingo, and was remarkable for his charitable and friendly disposition - he died very suddenly.

SAVILLE, Mr. (Mr. SAVILLE; alias of John Henry GUNN)


Born c. 1831
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 August 1859, aged "28" [sic] (shareable link to this entry)


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1859), 1 

At the residence of Mr. W. H. Newton, 211, Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo, Mr. John Henry Gunn, late of London, of disease of the heart. Aged twenty-eight years. English papers, please copy.

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1859), 8 

The Friends of the deceased Mr. JOHN HENRY GUNN (better known as SAVILLE), late copyist at the Royal Victoria Theatre, are invited to attend his Funeral, to move from the residence of Mr. NEWTON, No. 211, Palmer-street, THIS (Wednesday) AFTERNOON, at a quarter to 3 o'clock. JAMES CURTIS, undertaker. No. 59, Hunter-street.

Burials in the parish of Camperdown in the county of Cumberland in the year 1859; register, page 188; Anglican Diocese of Sydney (PAYWALL)

No. 7842 / John Henry Gunn / Palmer St. / Died: Aug't 23 / Buried; Aug't 24 / Actor . . .

SAVILLE, Charles Faucit (Charles Faucit SAVILLE; Mr. Faucit SAVILLE; Mr. SAVILLE)


Born Greenwich, Kent, England, 16 September 1816; baptised St. Alphege, Greenwich, 8 October 1816; son of John Faucit SAVILLE (c. 1783-1853) and Harriet DIDDEAR (c. 1789-1857)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1844; active Geelong, VIC, until June 1851 or later (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Greenwich in the county of Kent in the year 1816; register 1813-21, page 276; London Metropolitan Archives, P78/Alf/006 and 007 (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

No. 2205 / Oct. 8 / Charles Faucit Son of / John Faucit and Harriet / Saville / London Street / Comedian / Born Oct. 16 [copy 2: "Born Sept'r 16th"] . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (15 February 1845), 2 

his BENEFIT . . . on MONDAY EVENING, FEB. 17th . . .
The Performances will commence with, for the first time in this colony,
an entirely new domestic Drama, in 3 Acts, founded on fact, and entitled
ALICE GREY, THE SUSPECTED ONE; Or, the Triumph of Innocence . . .
Wilfred Hearton (a young artist) Mr. Saville, (his second appearance at this Theatre) . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Janette Pelosi, "Submitted for approval of the Colonial Secretary: popular entertainment in the State Archives, 1828-1856" and [Appendix A] "Plays submitted to the Colonial Secretary, NSW, Australia, 1841-1856", in Gillian Arrighi and Victor Emeljanow (eds), A world of popular entertainments: an edited volume of critical essays (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012), (83-102, 244-49), 94 (PREVIEW)

. . . Charles Faucit Saville wrote in 1844 to the Colonial Secretary after he had unsuccessfully applied for a theatrical licence with William Henry Douglass to perform in Bathurst. They had sought employment there "but without the slightest prospect of success, and are consequently placed in very destitute circumstances" . . .

SAWTELL, Alfred Edwin (Alfred Edwin SAWTELL)

Amateur musician, violin maker, watchmaker, jeweller, optician

Born Bristol, England, 19 January 1842; son of Edwin SAWTELL
Arrived Adelaide, SA, December 1853
Married Helen Stark SKIPPER, SA, 1864
Died Queenstown, SA, 2 September 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"DEATH OF MR. A. E. SAWTELL", The Register [Adelaide, SA] (3 September 1902), 4 

The dealh is announced of Mr. Alfred E. Sawtell, the well-known watchmaker and optician, of Port Adelaide and Adelaide. On Monday afternoon Mr. Sawtell had an apoplectic stroke, from which he did not recover, and he passed away at his residence, Queenstown, on Tuesday morning. His death will he deplored by his many friends. A few weeks ago the deceased gentleman took a sea trip to Queensland and back, but the change and holiday unfortunately did not produce the desired effect. Mr. Sawtell was born at Bristol in 1842, and came to this state when 11 years of age. He entered business with his father, the late Mr. Edwin Sawtell, and when the latter opened premises in Adelaide the deceased took charge of the Port business, and conducted it until the time of his death. Mr. Sawtell was one of the best-known Portonians, and as the publisher since 1873 of Sawtell's Nautical Almanac, a publication which yearly finds its way into the hands of almost every shipmaster navigating the coasts of South Australia, he was brought into touch with mercantile men throughout Australia. To show his versatility it might be mentioned that at the outset he bought a fount of type and set up the matter himself. Some years ago he was appointed agent for the sale of Admiralty charts, and in his shop in Divett street was to be found one of the most extensive stocks of nautical instruments in the Commonwealth. Mr. Sawtell took a deep interest in astronomy, and a few years ago he published a valuable work entitled "Star Twinklers," dealing with stellar and nautical data. He was frequently before the public in connection with national, commercial, and district affairs. He came prominently before the public in championing the cause of the shareholders in connection with the Port Augusta Land Company and the Commercial Bank failure. In the latter matter he appeared before the Supreme Court, and was complimented by the Chief Justice on his able address. In all questions where the welfare of Port Adelaide was concerned he was foremost in advocating its claims, and his arguments, based as they were upon solid facts and backed up by elaborate calculations, were always listened to attentively. Portonians will remember his strong endeavours to secure the Broken Hill traffic and the loco workshops for Port Adelaide, and though on other questions of debatable politics his views might sometimes have been unacceptable, his opponents always credited him with being a fearless and honest fighter. Mr. Sawtell was always a Warm advocate of the policy of improving the Port River in preference to establishing an outer harbour. Only last year he went to considerable trouble in compiling statistics which were intended to show that the facilities offered to shipping at Port Adeliiide are not a whit behind those of any port in Australia. The deceased made three unsuccessful attempts to win election for Port Adelaide. In 1887 he was placed fourth on the list, and in 1890 and again at the general elections of 1893 he stood for the House of Assembly, and was defeated. The deceased was a member of the Queenstown and Alberton District Council, and took a prominent part in securing the amalgamation of the district to the Port Corporation, which was brought about in 1898. He opposed the substitution for the old method of calculating time of the zone system, which was adopted in the state in 1898. Mr. Sawtell was a remarkably good musician; indeed music was one of his most cherished relaxations, and his services were always readily given to charitable movements. For some years he acted as organist at St. Paul's Church, Port Adelaide, and at the Congregational Church. As a yachtsman he had a high reputation for skill and judgment, and was frequently the winner in the boat he navigated in racing contests. He was associated with the S.A.Y.C. from its inception. Mr. Sawtell was a Freemason, and belonged to Unity Lodge, No. 7. He has left a widow, six daughters - four of whom are married - four sons, and 11 grandchildren.

Bibliography and resources:

Alan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (Blackheath: For the author, 2009), 165 (DIGITISED short entry summaries archived at Pandora)

SAYER, Mary = Mrs. Creed ROYAL

Vocalist (sister of the below)

SAYER, William Francis (William Francis SAYER; W. F. SAYER; ? LYON-SAYER; SAYERS)

Musician, tenor vocalist, violinist, flageolet player

Born Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England, 1826; baptised parish church, Cheltenham, 20 October 1826; son of John SAYER and Sarah BUTT
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 25 December 1852 (per Covenanter, from Liverpool, 1 September)
Married Annie MISSION [sic, ? JESSON], VIC, 1857
Died South Yarra, VIC, 8 August 1878, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


On 1 September 1852, an family party of emigrants, consisting of Sayer siblings, and families by their Maillard and Royal spouses, left Liverpool on the Convenater, bound for Melbourne. The party included William Francis Sayer, and two elder brothers, John (d. 1901) and James, his sister Harriet Sayer (d. VIC, 1859) and her husband Louis Maillard (d. VIC, 1854) and their children, and his sister Mary Sayer and her husband Creed Royal, and their three daughters, Lizzie, Kate, and Bessie, later popular vocalists.

Sayer and Royal first appeared in the Thursday concerts at the Mechanics' Institution in January 1853, and Sayer continued to appear regularly in Melbourne during the first half of the year. Notably, Sayer was one of the principal vocalists in first local presentations of extracts from Norma (as Flavius), La sonnambula, and The Bohemian girl. He also appeared regularly for John Winterbottom as a vocalist, and as an instrumentalist played in Cornelius Denning's quadrille band.

By March 1853, the Royals had settled in Geelong, where Sayer probably joined them soon after, and where his male siblings, James and John (who followed their father's trade of cook), opened a catering business as Sayer Brothers, perhaps even with assistance from William himself.

William and his brother James were both in Ballarat by November 1857, when he was engaged by John Proctor Hydes to sing and probably also to play in the band at the Montezema Theatre, and where James opened a new dining saloon, the Cafe de l'Europe.

He was in Bendigo over the summer of 1860-61, whereafter he disappeared from record for most of the rest of the decade, only reappearing in Sydney in 1869. Having joined a minstrel troupe in Melbourne late that year, he toured New Zealand in the first half of 1870, and was back in Sydney during 1871. His last recorded professional engagement was at the Theatre Royal, Gulgong, NSW, during 1873. He died in August 1878, at the South Yarra home of his brother John.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Cheltenham in the county of Gloucester in the year [1826]; Gloucestershire Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1169 / 1826 Oct. 20th / William Francis Son of / John & Sarah / Sayer / Chelt. / Cook . . .

England census, 6 June 1841, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 353 / 6 (PAYWALL)

[Beaufort Building] / John Sayer / 50 / [not born in county]
Sarah Sayer / 40 / [born in county]
William [Sayer] / 13 / [born in county]
James Butt / 75 / Ind. / [not born in county]
James Royal / 30 / Musician / [not born in county]
Mary [Royal] / 20 / - / [born in county]

ASSOCIATIONS: James Royal = Creed Royal (flautist, Sayer's brother-in-law)

England census, 30 March 1851, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1973 (PAYWALL)

[High Street] [308 ? or b/w 308 and 311] / John Sayer / Head / Mar. / 60 / Man Cook / [born] Berks Forgmore
Sarah [Sayer] / Wife / Mar. / 50 / - / [born] Gloucester Cheltenham
William F. [Sayer] / u. / 24 / Professor of Music / [born] [Gloucester Cheltenham]

List of passengers (assisted emigrants) per Covenanter, Liverpool, 31 August 1852; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Mr. Maillard / 40 / Farmer // Mrs. / 32 / Wife // Louis / 13 // Louisa / 11 / Ellen / inf't
Charles Roile [sic] / 40 / Farmer // Mrs. / 20 / Wife // Eliza / 11 // Kate / 8 // Celina / inf't
James Saier / 30 / Labourer // John [Saier] / 28 [Labourer] // William [Saier] / 25 / [Labourer]

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Roile [sic] = Creed Royal (flautist, Sayer's brother-in-law)

Australia (from 25 December 1852):

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (14 January 1853), 5

The reproduction of the Thursday evening concerts was attended with a remarkable degree of success. Besides Mrs. Testar and Mr. Gregg, we had vocal and instrumental talent, quite new to a Melbourne audience. Mr. Thom, as leader, deserves great credit for the manner in which he has got together his band at so short a notice . . . Mr. Creed Royal, as a solo flautist is quite up to our idea of Richardson, and will, no doubt, be a great acquisition to our instrumental corps. Mr. Sayers is a very neat tenor singer, with a sweet voice, although perhaps with scarcely power sufficient for a crowded room. He was well received, and encored in one of his songs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Bream Thom (violinist, arrived November 1852); Thomas Reed (musician); Thursday Concerts (Mechanics' Institution, Melbourne)

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (20 January 1853), 5 

Last week we had to apprise our readers that many of them had experienced a great loss in omitting to be present at the first concert given under the auspices of the new management at the Mechanics the strength and efficiency of the band now organised, are such as to give great perfection to the instrumental pieces, and they are now very well worth listening to, indeed. The vocal department is, we perceive, still further strengthened this evening, by the addition of Mrs. Royal, the lady, we presume, of the flautist who made his debut last Thursday; and if Mrs. Royal sings one half as well as Mr. Royal plays the flute, she will be an acquisition indeed. With a good programme, a moonlight night, and fine weather, a bumper audience may be anticipated. The programme is as follows:-
PART I. Overture - (full band) - Zauberflote.
Song - Whilst the lads of the Village, Mr. W. F. Sayer.
Ballad - By the sad sea waves, Mrs. Royal.
Grand March - (full band) - Camp of Silesia.
Canzonet - Estella - Mrs. Testar.
Grand Duet - Pianoforte and Violin - Mr. Buddee and Mr. Thom.
Duet - I've wandered in dreams, Mrs. Testar and Mr. Sayer.
PART II. Overture - Semiramide.
Grand Scena - Casta Diva from Norma, Mrs. Testar.
Solo - Flute - Mr. Royal, (on Siccama's Patent Diatonic Flute.)
Song - The Old Man's Dream, Mrs. Royal.
Ballad - My pretty Jane, Mr. W. F. Sayer.
Ballad - Should he upbraid, Mrs. Testar.
Finale - Pot Pourri, from Martha (full band).

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Buddee (pianist, accompanist)

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 February 1853), 8

ADMISSION ONE SHILLING. Promenade Concerts à la Jullien.
AT THE Olympic Circus, top of Bourke-street, east . . . open every evening this week.
Mr. W. F. Sayer, of the London Concerts.
Sax Horns - Mr. Hore and his five sons.
Mr. Dawson, the comic singer, will give some of his popular ditties . . .
Every evening a Grand Band will perform, conducted by Mr. J. Winterbottom, the only solo performer on the bassoon . . .

Vocalists: Madame Arnati White, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. W. F. Sayer Mr. J. Gregg.
Pianist: - Mr. Buddee. Solo performers: Mr. Thom, Mr. Creed Royal . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (conductor, bassoon); Mr. Dawson (comic vocalist); Hore family (musicians); Emilia Arnati White (vocalist); Harriet Fiddes (vocalist)

[2 advertisements], The Argus (16 February 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. Thursday Weekly Concerts. FEBRUARY, 17TH, 1853 . . .
ON which occasion the whole of Lock's celebrated music of Macbeth will be performed.
Principal Performers - Mrs. Hancock, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. Hancock, Monsieur Barre, And Mr. W. F Sayer. Solo flute, Mr. Creed Royal, pianist, Mr. White . . .

Open Monday Evening, 21st Instant, MR. DENNING, PROPRIETOR . . .
The new Quadrille Band will include Messrs. Creed Royal, Reed, W. F. Sayer, and other talented musicians . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary and Edward Hancock (vocalists); Anthony Barre (vocalist); Thomas White (piano); Cornelius Denning (dancing master); Thomas Reed (musician)

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (correctly by Richard Leveridge)

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (24 February 1853), 5 

. . . The programme is as follows - . . . PART II. Selections from Bellini's Opera, Norma.
Norma, Mrs. Testar; Adalgisa, Mrs. Hancock; Pollio, Mr. Sayer; Flavius, Mr. Gregg; Oroveso, Mr. Hancock . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1853), 3 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT, AT THE BOTANICAL GARDENS. For the benefit of the Melbourne Hospital.
Tuesday, 1st, and Wednesday, 2nd of March, 1853: -
PROGRAMME, FIRST DAY . . . There was a time - Mr. W. F. Sayer . . . Conductor - Mr. Winterbottom . . .
SECOND DAY'S PROGRAMME. Wednesday, March 2.
Opening glee - Hail! Smiling Morn - Mrs. Fiddes, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Sayer, Mr. Hancock - Spofforth . . .
The Maids of Merry England - Mr. W. F. Sayer - Perring . . .
Finale Glee - The Gipsies' Tent - Mrs. Fiddes, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock - Cook . . .

NOTE: The programmes were repeated on Monday and Tuesday 7 and 8 March

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1853), 8 

On which occasion will be performed selections from Bellini's Opera LA SOMNAMBULA.
Principal Performers - Mrs.Testar, Mrs. E. Hancock, Mr. W. F. Sayer, and Mr. E. Hancock . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 March 1853), 1 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT, a la Jullien, open every evening this Week.
VOCALISTS: Mr. F. W. Sayer, Mr. Gregg, and Miss Lewis, of the Royal Italian Opera, who will make her first appearance on Tuesday next; in consequence of their immense success the DRUM POLKA AND DERBY GALOP, Every Night.
CONDUCTOR: J. Winterbottom . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Annie Lewis (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 March 1853), 12 

Selections from the Opera of the BOHEMIAN GIRL.
Vocalists - Mrs. A. Moore, Mr. E. Hancock, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. W. F. Sayer, and Mr. Moore.
Instrumentalists - Mr. A. Moore, the celebrated Violinist. Mr. Salamon, Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rachel and Andrew Moore (vocalists, and violinist); Edward Salamon (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1853), 3 

Mrs. Fiddes will give a Sacred Concert . . . in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institution, on TUESDAY, MARCH 22ND, 1853.
PART I . . . Recit - "Then shall be brought to pass," Duet - "O Death! where is thy sting?" Mrs. Fiddes and Mr. Sayer - Handel
Quartetto - "Come, gentle spring!" Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock (The Seasons) - Haydn . . .
PART II. "Preghiera Dal tuo stellato soglio," Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Hancock, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock . . .
Quartetto - "Alla Trinita," Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock - Mounsey . . .
Song - "Sound the Loud Timbrel," Mrs. Hancock, Mrs. Fiddes, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (30 April 1853), 2 

Second Violins - Mr. SAYERS . . . TENORS - Mr. F. COPPIN . . .
TENORS; - Mr. F. COPPIN, with one Member of the G.H.S . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); Frederick Coppin (musician); Geelong Harmonic Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 June 1853), 3 supplement 

VOCAL. Miss Smith, one of the Shipwrecked Sufferers. Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock.
Leader and Conductor, Mr. Thom . . . ON SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 25, 1859.
PART I. OVERTURE. - Figaro - The Band.
TRIO. - "Through the World wilt thou Fly." - From the Opera of the Bohemian Girl - [Mr. and] Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Sayers - (Balfe) . . .
SONG. - Madoline - Mr. Sayers. (Nelson.) . . .
DUET. - "I Love Thee." - Mrs. Hancock and Mr. Sayers. (Bishop.) . . .
PART II. OVERTURE. - Fra Diavolo - The Band. (Auber.)
TRIO. - "This Magic Wove Scarf," from the Opera of the Mountain Sylph - Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Sayers, and Mr. Hancock. (Barnett.) . . .
SONG. - "Woman" - Mr. Sayers.
D'Albert's new Set of IRISH QUADRILLES, entitled . . . with Solos for the Flageolet and Cornet - The Band . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Bream Thom (violin)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (16 September 1853), 1 supplement 

THEATRE ROYAL, GEELONG. Saturday, September 17th, 1853. FULL MOON.
MR. CREED ROYAL'S Second GRAND CONCERT, assisted by Mrs. CREED ROYAL, Miss ROYAL, and Miss KATE ROYAL (the infant vocalist);
Miss EVANS (her first appearance in public); Mr. SAYER; Mr. THOM; and Mr. UNABINE [sic].
PROGRAMME: PART I . . . Song. - "The Heart Bowed Down" - Mr. Sayer . . .
[PART II] . . . Ballad. - "Nora McShane" - Mr. Sayer . . .
Tickets . . . to be had at Mr. C. Royal's Music Mart, Great Ryrie-streert . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: August Christian Huenerbein (musician)

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION - Monday, January 30th, 1854.
Mr. Winterbottom's GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL . . .
Vocalists - Mrs. Testar, Madame Elena Rossi, Mr. W. F. Sayer, M. Winterbottom . . .
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . Song - Nora McShane, Mr. W. F. Sayer . . .
Part II . . . Ballad - Crazy Jane, Mr. W. F. Sayer . . .
Trio - Sweet is the breath of morning, Mrs. Testar, M. Winterbottom, and W. F. Sayer - E. Salaman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elena Rossi (vocalist); Edward Salamon (piano, arranger, composer)

"THE CONCERT AT THE MASONIC HALL", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (14 February 1854), 4 

The evening concert, at which Madame Elena Rossi, and M. Winterbottom, made their first "debut" to a Geelong audience, was successful; and the re-appearance of Mrs. Testar amongst us, was hailed with greetings . . . Mr. W. F. Sayer sang very correctly and simply . . . The Bill of Fare was rather meagre, there being only two concerted pieces. Before the next concert, it would be well to call in the services of the piano forte tuner.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (29 April 1854), 4 

MADAME SARA FLOWER, The Australian Nightingale.
Mrs. MOORE, the Favourite soprano.
Re-appearance of MR. F. W. SAYERS, The Primo Tenore of the Colonies.
MR. LABERNE, the John Parry of Australia.
Instrumentalists: Messrs. F. Coppin, Harward, Cossa [?], Heunerbein, Gabb, and A. Moore.
Leader - Mr. Coppin. Conductor - Mr. A. Moore.
PROGRAMME: PART I. Overture - "The Bohemian Girl," - Full Band - Balfe
2. Song - "The Maids of Merry England," - Mr. F. W. Sayer - Perring . . .
8. Duet - "The Echo," - Mrs. Moore and Mr. F. W. Sayer - Braham.
9. Quadrille - "The Irish," - Full Band - Jullien . . .
PART II. Overrure - "Norma," - Full Band - Bellini.
2. Song - "The Death of Nelson," - Mr. F. W. Sayer - Braham . . .
7. Solo - "Flageolet" - Mr. F. W. Sayer - Mayseder.
8. Finale - "God save the Queen," - Solos by Mesdames Sara Flower, Moore, and Mr. F. W. Sayer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (vocalist); George Laberne (vocalist); Frederick Coppin (violin); John Gough Gabb (violin)

"CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (11 January 1855), 2 

Yesterday evening a vocal and instrumental concert took place in the Assembly Room attached to the Crown Hotel, Ashby. The proceeds . . . are to be given to the Orphan Asylum . . . There were upwards of two hundred persons present. The artistes were Madame Herwvn, Mrs. Hancock, Monsieur Herwyn, Mr. W. F. Sayer, and Mr. Creed Royal . . . this was one of the best and most numerous and respectably attended concerts that have been held in Geelong.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (13 January 1855), 5 

PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 7. - Song, "The Death of Nelson," Mr. W. Sayers . . .
PART II . . . 2. - Song, "The Maids of Merry England," by Mr. W. Sayers . . .
7. - Song, "My sister dear," (Auber). - Mr. W. Sayers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Celestine Herwyn (violinist and pianist); Mrs. D'Alton (vocalist); August Cranz (pianist, accompanist)

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (27 October 1857), 3 

MONTEZUMA THEATRE. Under the direction of Mr. J. P. HYDES.
THIS EVENING - TUESDAY . . . Song, " The Anchor's weighed" - Mr. W. Sayers . . .
Acting Manager, Mr. CHARLES WALSH.

[Advertisement], The Star (10 November 1857), 3

MONTEZUMA THEATRE. Under the direction of Mr. J. P. HYDES.
The performances will commence with the Beautiful Drama, entitled
Claude Darnaud - Mr. Jas. Sayer.
Gustavus - Mr. W. F. Sayer.
Mynheer Hans Hoogfidt - Mr. Jno. Sayer.
To conclude with the Lyceum Comedietta, received last night with rapturous applause, entitled,
THE LOAN OF A LOVER; Gertrude - Miss JULIA MATTHEWS; Peter Spyk - Mr. J. P. HYDES . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (19 November 1857), 3 

Musical Melange. Miss Annie Gould - New Ballad.
Mr. Golding - Comic Song. Mesdames Mathews & Gould - Duet - "I know a bank."
Mrs. Dale & Mr. Walsh - Comic Duet - "When a little farm we keep."
Mr. W. F. Sayers - "Death of Nelson."
Mons. Bial, The eminent Violinist - his last appearance on Ballarat . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Montezema Theatre (Ballarat); John Proctor Hydes (actor, manager, vocalist); Charles Walsh (actor, vocalist); Julia Mathews (actor, dancer, vocalist); Alfred Labalestrier (musician); Anna Gould (vocalist); Daniel Golding (vocalist); Rodolphe Bial (violinist)

"MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S CONCERT", The Star (29 March 1858), 3 

This concert came off on Saturday evening at the George Hotel, with a very fair amount of success . . . Madame White was in capital voice . . . Mr. Sayer was well received, but hardly so successful. M. Paltzer's solo on the violin excited considerable applause . . . Mr. White's accompaniments were particularly and deservedly admired.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emilia and Thomas White (vocalist and pianist); Jacques Paltzer (violinist)

[Advertisement], The Star (22 May 1858), 3 

STAR CONCERT HALL . . . New Engagements . . . MR. W. F. SAYER, The admired tenor . . . MR. PIPER, Pianist and the celebrated EUROPEAN BAND. Dancing at 10 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward John Piper (pianist); Star Concert Hall (Ballarat)

"THE MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (27 September 1858), 2 

On Saturday evening were commenced a series of promenade concerts, for which we predict a great success. The band has been placed under the control of M. Achille Fleury, who bears an enviable reputation among the musical leaders of the colony; and aided and abetted as he is by Messrs. T. King and Miell, the orchestra exceeds in strength and execution any of a similar kind we have known on Ballarat. The audience were loud in their applause of the instrumentation. The appearance of Madame Vitelli was promised, but owing to some contretemps that lady had not arrived on Ballarat. She is expected, we understand, to sing this evening, together with Mrs. A. Turner, whose vocal abilities are familiar to the public. The absence of lady vocalists was well atoned for by Mr. W. F. Sayers, who was repeatedly encored. His songs, the "Death of Nelson," and the fine air from Maritana, "Then let me like a Soldier fall," were particularly applauded. The attractive power of good music well performed is certain to insure the success of this new entertainment.

ASSOCIATIONS: Achille Fleury (violinist); Thomas King (musician); Augustus Miell (musician); Annie Vitelli (vocalist); Charlotte Turner (vocalist, Thomas King's sister)

"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (15 October 1858), 3 

Great as has always been the merit of the promenade concerts, the programme for this evening, we perceive, surpasses those of previous occasions . . . The burden of the vocal department will be borne by Madame Vitelli and W. F. Sayer. With this exquisite weather and such a programme, the theatre ought to be well patronised.


["Mozart's twelfth mass"] . . . The next we hear is the Et incarnatus est - ("Bow down and hear me.") The principal feature of this is the tenor solo, which Mr. W. F. Sayer sings with exquisite taste and skill. The other solo parts are taken up very finely by Mrs. Turner and Messrs. Wrigley and D. Oliver . . . [3] . . . and the trio from the Creation, "On thee each living soul awaits," was beautifully sung by Mr. Moss, Mr. W. T. Sayers, and Mr. D. Oliver. It was followed by the tenor solo from Elijah, "If with all your hearts," so admirably performed by Mr. Sayers, that an unanimous encore expressed the pleasure experienced by the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Oliver (vocalist); Ballarat Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (25 January 1859), 2

The opera season has commenced under highly favorable auspices. Last night the "Bohemian Girl" was performed, and the first appearance of the opera company therein was a decided success . . . Miss Julia Harland as Arline was frequently greeted with loud applause . . . Miss Octavia Hamilton sang the somewhat unsatisfactory part of the Gypsy Queen with judgment skill. M. Emile Coulon played Devilshoof in his best style . . . Mr. Sherwin as Thaddeus sang nicely . . . Gregg was very perfect and painstaking as Count Arnheim . . . nor was Mr. W. F. Sayer's Florestein altogether forgotten . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (4 February 1859), 3 

The opera of "Lucia di Lammermoor" was produced last evening at this theatre in a style of first-rate excellence . . . Mr. Gregg represented Raymond with success, and we can afford a word of praise to Mr. W. Sayer's Arthur of Bucklaw . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: English Opera Company (under Linly Norman, conductor); Julia Harland (vocalist); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Walter Sherwin (vocalist)

"NEW LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (2 January 1861), 2 

The drama of "Rob Roy," which was performed last night at the Lyceum, is always a favorite with theatrical folks, especially if they be from the land wherein the scene of the play is laid. It was therefore, no wonder that its production last night as a conclusion to the Scottish sports of the day drew a very crowded audience. The drama, with its incidental music and scenery, was well put on the stage and well played. Mr. Holloway, as Rob Roy made the most of a character for which he is, perhaps, not so well adapted as many others. Mr. Murray made a most humorous Baillie, and what he lacked in the Glasgow accent, he made ample amends for by his humor and fun in the character. Miss Fiddes, as Helen Macgregor, was sufficiently the Highland heroine to give a very fair representation of the wife of the outlaw. Mrs. Hancock played and sang the part of Diana Vernon in a very pleasing manner, and in the duet "We part to meet no more" - to the well known air of "Ye Banks and Braes," which she sang with Mr. Sayers (Frank Olbaldston) they narrowly escaped an encore, which was fully merited. The gentleman received an encore in his song "The Bonnie Hills of Scotland," which he sang with considerable musical taste, and with a voice which is remarkably mellow and sweet . . . To night the performance will be "Guy Mannering" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edmund Holloway (actor, vocalist); Josephine Fiddes (actor, vocalist) and her future husband Dominick Murray (actor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1869), 9 

VICTORIA THEATRE. Directress, Miss Rosa Cooper.
Stage, Manager, Mr. Lionel Harding; Scenic Artist, Mr. A. Torning; Leader of Orchestra, Mr. Sayers . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1869), 4 

JOB VIGIL, THE WATCHMAN . . . By George Simms, Comedian . . . the music arranged by Mr. W. F. Sayer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (13 December 1869), 8 

LONDON MUSIC-HALL. Proprietor, I. Coleman . . .
The above unrivalled band of soloists under the leadership of Mr. BARNETT LEVY, late of the Theatre Royal . . .
JOHN BLACK, Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Barnett Levy (violin); John Robert Devereux (violin); Thomas McCoy (musician); William Stoneham (musician)

"SHIPPING", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (4 February 1870), 2 

Hero, steamer, 750 tons, Logan, from Melbourne 31st ultimo. Passengers . . . For Auckland . . . Messrs. . . . Holloway, J. C Rainer . . . L. Braham, W. Robson, W. F. Sayers . . . T. Rainford . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Cragin Rainer (vocalist); Thomas Rainford (vocalist)

[Advertisement], New Zealand Herald [Auckland, NZ] (3 March 1870), 1 

MR. J. C. RAINER, The Manager of this Company, well known in England, the Continental Cities . . .
MR. THOMAS RAINFORD, The Famous Christy Basso; MR. LOUIS BRAHAM, The Christy's Peerless Tenor;
MR. WILLIAM ROBSON, Ethiopian Comedian and Prize American Jig Dancer;
MR. GEORGE CHITTENDEN, Formerly Leader San Francisco Minstrels;
MR. W. F. SAYERS, Vocalist and Violinist, from Lyster's Opera Company;
MR ALF. PETERS, Double Bass, from Weston's Opera House;
MR. W. H. BENT, The Ethiopian Comedian; JOHN AND A. COLLINS, The Champion Dancers;
MR. SINGER, Pianist; And the Eminent Popular Comedian, MR. JOHN COWAN . . .
The whole under the direction of MR. J. C. RAINER . . .

"Shipping. PORT OF LYTTELTON", Press [Canterbury, NZ] (25 May 1870), 2 

May 24 - Lord Ashley, s s., 296 tons, Wheeler, from Dunedin. Passengers - Cabin . . . W. F. Sayers . . .Rainford's Christy Minstrel Troupe . . .

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal [Sydney, NSW] (10 June 1871), 20 

It is not often that I incline to enthusiasm in the matter of Christy and Ethiopean minstrelism . . . but the company of the Victoria, under the management of Kelly, is exceptionally good . . . There are also some very clever solo musicians - Herrman on the violin, and Sayers on the flageolet - the latter is master of his instrument, which he plays with great skill and taste. It was a surprise to hear from him one evening last week so beautiful a piece of music as Mayseder's Fantasia, in E sharp, with one of Ernst's cadences; this he then changed happily into "We won't go home till morning," with variations . . .

"GULGONG. AMUSEMENTS", Empire [Sydney NSW] (12 May 1873), 3

On Saturday night last a complimentary benefit was given at the Prince of Wales Opera House to Mr. William Sayers, a very clever musician and violinist in the orchestra of the theatre for a long time. Mr. Sayers had been laid up for nearly two months by a serious illness, so that apart from his excellent musical ability he had claims upon the public. It is to be regretted that the house was not better filled.

"GULGONG . . . THEATRE ROYAL", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (23 August 1873), 4 

On Saturday night, Mr. and Mrs. Byers, supported by a strong company, consisting of Miss Benison as Diana Vernon, and Messrs. A. Thompson as Bailie Nicol Jarvie . . . W. Sayers as Francis . . . played Rob Roy to a fair house, and gave excellent satisfaction . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (9 April 1878), 1 

SAYER. - On the 8th inst., at the residence of his brother, No. 10 Bond-street, South Yarra, Mr. William Francis Sayer, aged 51 years.



. . . Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Hancock, and Julius Buddee were conspicuous figures at concerts given in the Mechanics' Institute. Later arrivals were Mrs. Fiddes, Messrs. W. C. Lyon-Sayers, Edgar Ray, E. Hancock[,] Thom (a good violinist), and Creed Royal . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Montague (musician, memorist)

SAYERS, John Nutt (John Nutt SAYERS; J. N. SAYERS)

Printer, letter-press printer, law printer, publisher, broadside songsheet printer

Born Rochford, Essex, England, ? 1806/08; ? baptised All Saints, Barling, 1 March 1806; son of William SAYERS and Sarah CORNWALL
Married Maria Sophia BURN (d. 1880), St. Marylebone, 15 October 1829
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 31 October 1851 (per Lady Flora, from London and Plymouth, 26 July)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1852
Died Melbourne, VIC, 31 August 1891, aged "83" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Marylebone, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1488/436/67 (PAYWALL)

67 East St. / John N. Sayers / Head / Mar. / 43 / House Agent & Printer / [born] Essex Rochford
Maria / Wife / 41 // William / Son / 16 / Printer / [born] Middl'x Marylebone
John / 8 // Spicer [?] / 5 // Rebecca / 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (1 November 1851), 2 

Friday, October 31 . . . The ship Lady Flora, 766 tons, Pentreath, master, from London and Plymouth 26th July. Passengers . . . J. N. Sayers wife and four children . . . in the intermediate and steerage . . .

Membership register, Lodge of Australia Felix, Melbourne, no. 697; Museum of Freemasonry (PAYWALL)

1852 May 28 / Sayers John Nutt / 47 [sic] / [Melbourne] / Printer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1853), 1 

. . . Mr. Sayers, Printer, Little Collins-street, Melbourne.

"LITERATURE AT THE GOLD FIELDS", The Argus (7 April 1854), 5

One of the chief attractions at the theatre here has been the songs composed and sung by Mr. Charles Thatcher . . . These songs have been extremely popular, and by their point and general merit, caught the notice of Mr. McDonogh, when on a professional visit to Bendigo. This gentleman had copies of some dozen of the best printed in Melbourne, and they have since been circulated here . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: ? Maurice Travers McDonagh (? lawyer, arrived Adelaide 2 June 1849 per Childe Harold, active VIC until c. 1859)

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (12 June 1860), 6 

John Nutt Sayers, of Little Collins-street, Melbourne, printer. Causes of insolvency - Pressure by Messrs. Sands and Kenny, and distress for rent by landlord. Debts, ££862 8s. 11d.; assets, £1,294 14s. 6d.; surplus, £432 5s. 7d. Mr. Jacomb, official assignee.

"DEATHS", The Herald (1 August 1891), 2 

SAYERS. - On 31st July, at his son's residence, Victoria street, Brunswick, John Nutt Sayers, printer, brother of Mr. William Clarke, printer of "The Morning Herald" in 1848-9.

"DEATHS", Leader (8 August 1891), 44 

SAYERS - On the 31st July, at 43 Victoria-street, Brunswick, John Nutt Sayers, printer, aged 83, beloved father of J. T. Sayers. A colonist of 40 years.

On Friday John Nutt Sayers, who was, regarded as the oldest surviving master printer in Victoria, died, at the residence of his son, Victoria-street, Brunswick, at the age of eighty-four years. In 1823 (remarks the "Standard") young Sayers was apprenticed with Nathaniel Bliss, printer, of Water-lane, Fleet-street, London, and served his seven years. From 1830 to 1849 he chiefly devoted himself to theatrical pursuits, and, besides writing three dramas, he became lessee of a London theatre. In 1849 [sic] he sailed for Melbourne, brining with him a large printing plant (for that time), and he started business in Little Collins-street, next the Waterman's Arms Hotel. For nine years he was printer for the Melbourne corporation, and he also printed the first German newspaper in Australia. He produced in book form the law works of the late Justice Followes and nearly all the important publications of the early days. He was the first master to give his employes the Saturday half holiday, and was consequently very popular with the workmen. He gave up business in 1880, but to the last he had his full faculties, and a month ago set up a neat card.

Song prints (copies at the State Library of Victoria):

The new aristocracy (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

Rush away (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

The Bendigo milling match, a new original song written and sung by Mr. Thatcher at the Bendigo Theatre (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

Bryant's Ranges, new original sung written and sung by Mr. Thatcher at the Bendigo Theatre (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

Bryant's Ranges, O, parody on the Bay of Biscay, O, written and sung by Mr. Thatcher (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

Two years ago, new original sung written and sung by Mr. Thatcher at the Bendigo Theatre (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

Where's your license, a new parody on the Gay Cavalier, sung with deafening applause by Mr. Thatcher at the Bendigo Theatre (Melbourne: Victoria Press, J. N. Sayers, Printer, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Thatcher (songwriter, comic vocalist)

And see also "The Shenandoah" (By a Southern Sympathiser), by "W. E. H." (Melbourne: J. N. Sayers, [1865]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

John Nutt Sayers (1808-1891), Australian prints + printmaking 

SCAFE, Andrew (Andrew SCAFE; Andrew SCAIFE; Andrew SCARF; Andrew SKAFE)

Amateur musician, founding member of St. Joseph's Band (Launceston), convict, emancipist

Born Yorkshire, England, c. 1809
Convicted Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, 4 September 1843 (7 years transportation)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 May 1844 (convict per Equestrian, from England, 9 January 1844, aged "35")
Died Launceston, TAS, 15 December 1871, aged "56" [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Convict record, Andrew Scarfe / Scaife; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1432329 (DIGITISED)

SCARFE, Henry Cornelius (Henry Cornelius SCARFE; H. C. SCARFE)

Amateur musician, vocalist, leader of a juvenile temperance band

Born Bury St. Edmunds, England, 29 September 1816; baptised St. Mary's, Bury St. Edmunds, 5 October 1816; son of Henry SCARFE (c. 1801-1844) and Susan LOWES (1794-1871)
Married Eliza [?], Bishops Stortford, England, 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 21 May 1854 (per Leuconia, from London and Gravesend, 10 January)
Died Adelaide, SA, 30 October 1895, in his 80th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Henry Cornelius Scarfe

Henry Cornelius Scarfe


England census, 30 March 1851, Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1706 (PAYWALL)

Bridge Street / Henry Scarfe / Head / Mar. / 33 / Tailor & Draper employing 2 men / [born] Dury St Edmunds
Eliza Scarfe / Wife / Mar. / 28 / - / [born] Herts. Bp Stortford
Arthur / 3 // Walter / 2 // Octavia / 1 . . . [all born] [Herts. Bp Stortford]

ASSOCIATIONS: Arthur (c. 1847-1917); Walter (c. 1848-1923); Octavia (c. 1850-1867)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . ARRIVED", South Australian Register (23 May 1854), 2

Sunday, May 21 . . . The barque Leuconia, 570 tons, Bodiker, master, from London 3rd January, and from Gravesend 10th January. Passengers for Adelaide . . . Mr. Scarf wife and 4 children . . .

"PORT ELLIOT [From our own Correspondent] May 15", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (17 May 1862), 1 supplement 

The Sunday-School Union festival took place on Wednesday, and was one of the most successful attempts at display and amusement ever witnessed in this district. About 12 o'clock crowds of children assembled at the residence of Mr. H. C. Scarfe, Superintendent of the Congregational Sunday School, and a short time after the Bible Christian School joined them, and were soon formed into procession, headed by Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band, which consisted of the following Sunday scholars: - Arthur Scarfe, Samuel Trigg, and William Harding, fifes; Walter Scarfe, drummer: and Jabez Golding, triangle; Mr. Scarfe leading on the fife. The leading banner, borne by two Sunday scholars, had the appropriate motto, "Unity is Strength," tastefully printed upon it - a great number of other flags being carried by the procession, which marched through the township, the band playing some lively airs. They then proceeded to the residence of Mr. Metcalf, who had kindly appropriated one of his grass paddocks for the occasion . . . The pavilion was soon filled, and as soon as the first party cleared out another crowded in. This tea was provided principally by Mrs. Metcalf, who spared no trouble or expense in providing for her guests. The juvenvile band now entertained the company; after several airs had been admirably performed, three cheers were given for the Queen and the Royal family, the band playing the National Anthem. Three more cheers were given for the teachers, and three for Mr. Scarfe and his efficient band . . .

"PORT ELLIOT [From our own Correspondent] . . . May 14", South Australian Register (24 May 1862), 3

On Wednesday last, May 14, the Port Elliot Sunday-School Union Festival came off in a manner that far surpassed the most sanguine expectations of its supporters . . . By 1 o'clock the children were all formed into marching order, Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band striking up the tune of "There is a happy land" arranged as a march . . . Mr. Scarfe gave out several hymns, which were then very effectively sung, accompanied by the band . . .

"PORT ELLIOT [From our own Correspondent] . . . December 30", South Australian Register (2 January 1863), 3

The merry festival of good old Christmas has passed off in a very satisfactory manner. On Christmas Day the parents, children, and teachers, with their friends, in connection with the Congregational Sabbath-school, held their first Christmas gathering in the old chapel . . . During the evening the children, under the leadership of Mr. H. C. Scarfe, their Superintendent, sang several beautiful pieces in a most effective manner . . . At the close the children sang the piece, "God bless our schools," to the air of the National Anthem. During the singing of the several pieces, Master A. Scarfe played an accompaniment on the concertina.

"PORT ELLIOT [From our own Correspondent] . . . April 17", South Australian Register (21 April 1863), 3

On Sunday last . . . the Annual United Sunday-School festival was held, when about 200 children met at the residence of Mr. H. C. Scarfe, at 2 p.m., when they formed a procession, and headed by Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band, paraded the township with flags and banners hearing appropriate notice. Several vehicles followed in the rear, carrying the little ones who were unable to walk. After making the circuit of the township, the happy little party marched away, to the sound of the drum, to the residence of Mr. W. Metcalf, where the festival was held last year . . . As soon as the adult tea had concluded, the roll of the drum was heard, when the merry party gathered together, and under the leadership of Mr. Scarfe, several beautiful Sunday-school melodies were sung with great effect, concluding with the piece "God bless our Sunday schools," to the air of the National Anthem . . .

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (25 April 1863), 7

A correspondent sends us the following: - Amongst the arrangements for the Easter Holidays may be named the very attractive meetings at which Mr. H. C. Scarfe was announced to sing his far-famed melodies, in the Temperance Hall, North Adelaide. On Monday evening the Hall was well filled with a delighted audience . . . Mr. H. C. Scarfe was then called upon, and was received with loud cheers . . . Russell's song, "The Life boat," was sung, and loudly cheered . . . "Oh tell me not of happiness" was then sung with excellent effect, and Mr. Scarfe continued . . . The melody "The Pledge" was next sung . . . Having sung "My own dear home," Mr. Scarfe resumed his seat amidst repeated peals of applause . . . followed by loud calls for Mr. Scarfe, who replied, and sung "Some Folks," which was accompanied with great cheering . . . loud calls were again made for Mr. Scarfe until that gentleman again rose and sang his popular melody to the tune of "The Bay of Biscay O!" . . .

"DEATHS", Adelaide Observer (29 June 1867), 2 supplement 

SCARFE. - On the 26th June, at the residence of Mr. H. Jessop, Tynte-street, North Adelaide, of pneumonia, Octavia Eliza, eldest daughter of Henry Cornelius and Eliza Scarfe, of Port Elliot, aged 17 years, in hope of a blessed immortality.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (31 October 1895), 4 

SCARFE. - On the 30th October, at Miss Banks's Private Hospital, South-terrace, of influenza, Henry Cornelius Scarfe, formerly of Bishops, Stortford, Herts. England, and for 29 years Clerk of the Local Courts of Port Elliot and Goolwa, in his 80th year.

"DEATH OF MR. H. C. SCARFE", Chronicle (2 November 1895), 16

After a brief illness Mr. Henry Cornelius Scarfe passed away on Wednesday evening, and by his death South Australia has lost another old and esteemed colonist. Born in 1816 at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, Mr. Scarfe arrived in the colony in May, 1854, in the barque Leuconia, and for some time carried on business in North Adelaide. He subsequently went to Strathalbyn and thence to Port Elliot, where in March, 1859, he was appointed clerk of the Local Courts of Port Elliot and Goolwa, which office he filled with great ability for 27 years . . .

"THE LATE MR. H. C. SCARFE", Adelaide Observer (2 November 1895), 30 

. . . Mr. Scarfe prior to his leaving England had prominently identified himself with the temperance cause, having always been a total abstainer, and rendered good service to the movement not only in his native town, but also in King's Lynn and Bishop's Stortford, where he was last in business in England. On reaching Adelaide he was warmly welcomed by the officers of the South Australian Total Abstinence Society, amongst them especially being Messrs. G. W. Cole, John Pickering, William Owen, John Williams, and Samuel Morcom, with whom he shared a lifelong friendship. Possessing a wonderful memory and a keen sense of humour, Mr. Scarfe in his prime was a most effective speaker, and his appearance on a public platform was always warmly welcomed and greatly appreciated, while his ready pen contributed largely to colonial temperance literature. His labours in the cause of total abstinence were specially successful amongst the young. His motto was, "Prevention is better than cure," and the first Band of Hope established in South Australia - in 1855 - acknowledged him as its founder. He was a staunch Rechabite, and one of the founders of the Northern Star Tent, Port Adelaide, in January, 1858, of which institution he continued to be a member up to the time of his death. As correspondent for the Register and Observer in the district of Port Elliot and Goolwa Mr. Scarfe was noted for the promptitude and accuracy of his reports. His connection with these papers extended over twenty-five years . . .

SCARR, John (John SCARR)

Musician, music master, vocalist

Born London, England, 15 January 1802 (date in family register); son of Richard SCARR (1776-1851) and Elizabeth BROOKES (1771-1842)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 August 1823 (free per Francis, from England)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, September 1823
Married Ann Campbell (1807-1871), St. Luke's church, Liverpool, NSW, 18 March 1830
Died NSW, 1 November 1855, aged "53" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

John Scarr

John Scarr


John Scarr arrived first in Hobart Town, on the Francis, on 19 August 1823, and, perhaps having already found John Philip Deane established there as music master, he departed for Sydney shortly afterward.

After Robert McIntosh several years earlier, Scarr - claiming to be a pupil of John Baptist Cramer and Joseph Dale - was only the second music master to advertise in the Sydney press.

Scarr appeared in the Sydney Amateur Concerts in December 1826, singing in several glees, and also as an instrumentalist.

By late 1827 Scarr was clerk of court at Penrith and Campbell-Town, where married in 1830. He appears to have taken no further professional interest in music. He made a painting of his home, Aird Cottage, in 1828, and he himself sat for several portraits. Later he also owned property at Marengo (Murringo). He died in Sydney in 1855 and was buried at Campbelltown.

DISAMBIGUATION: John Scarr, convict per Surry, of Windsor, was granted a ticket of leave in July 1823; see "PUBLIC NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1823), 1


"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (23 August 1823), 2

Arrived on Tuesday last from England, the brig Francis, Captain Benson, with merchandize, and passengers; namely, Mr. and Mrs. Holmes and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Cobb, Mr. Cookney, Mr. H. Hall, Mr. James Ash, Mr. Watts, Mr. Scarr . . .

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 September 1823), 2

. . . Mr. Scarr leaving the colony in the Francis, requests claims to be presented . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 October 1823), 2 additional supplement 

Mr. John Scarr, lately arrived in the Colony per Brig Francis, avails himself of this Opportunity to acquaint the Public, that it is his Intention to establish himself in New South Wales, as a Music Master, confining himself to the Use of the Piano-forte and Singing.
Having made the Study of Music his Profession, under those experienced and admired Masters, Cramer and Dale, J. S. anticipates the gratification of giving satisfaction to those who may deem his Services worthy their Notice.
J. S. will give Lessons either at his own Lodgings, or attend his Pupils at their Residence; has no objection to attend Families in the Country once in three weeks, provided he meets with sufficient encouragement.
From professional skill and experience, J. S. will undertake to tune Piano-fortes, on moderate terms.
Any Person, in want of a square Piano-forte, will be accommodated, having brought one for Sale; Maker's Name, Stodart.
Address 89, Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Baptist Cramer (teacher); Joseph Dale (teacher); William Stodart (pianoforte maker)

John Scarr, 23 October 1823, Intending to become a music master in the Colony; NSW, Colonial Secretary's papers, 1788-1825; State Records Authority of NSW (DIGITISED)

13 Oct. 1823
To His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane K.C.B., Governor, Commander in Chief &c., &c., &c., Governor, Commander in Chief.
Sir, From the kind reception I met with from your Excellency, I was led to indulge the hope that your Excellency would do me the favor to Patronize my future efforts in the Colony as a Music Master, encouraged by the hope I have taken the liberty to state as much in the inclosed advertizement intended for this Week's Gazette, & now submit it for your Excellency's approbation. -
I have the honor to be, Sir, your Excellency's very devout Obt. Humble Servant,
J. Scarr, Sydney, 13 Oct. 1823.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Brisbane (governor)

[News], The Monitor (24 November 1826), 5 

EXTENSIVE preparations are making for the accomodation of His Excellency the Governor and suite, the Honourable. Mr. McLeay and family and a dignified circle of fashionables, who intend honouring the next Amateur Concert with their presence. The following is the cast of songs. -

Glee "Ye mariners of England" by Mrs. Paul and Messrs. Edwards and Clarke;
"Flow thou regal purple Streams," Mr. Edwards;
"When thy bosom heaves the sigh" Mrs. Paul, and Messrs. Scarr and Edwards;
"The Storm", Mr. Levey;
"Bid me discourse," Mrs. Paul;
"The Chough and crow," Mrs. Paul, and Messrs. Scarr and Edwards;
"I ne'er will cease to love," Mr. Clarke;
"The soldier tired," Mrs. Paul;
"Our country is our ship," Mr. Levey;
"Hark the lark," Mrs. Paul; and Messrs. Edwards, Clarke, and Scarr;
"Eagle wings the clouds impelling," Mrs. Paul, and Mr. Edwards.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ralph and Eliza Darling (governor and wife, in the event only she attended the concert); Alexander McLeay (colonial secretary of NSW) and family

"The Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1826), 3

. . . on Monday evening last, the company present were numerous and highly select . . . A Mr. Scarr appeared this evening for the first time. His voice is not devoid of sweetness, nor uncultivated, but it wants the softness of Mr. Clark's tones, for which reason, we think, the parts sustained in the glees by the former, would have been more effectively performed by the latter gentleman, whose voice, in our opinion, would have harmonized better with those of Mrs. Paul and Mr. Edwards . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Tempest Paul (soprano vocalist); John Edwards (bass vocalist); Mr. Clark (tenor vocalist); Barnett Levey (vocalist)

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Australian (6 December 1826), 2

The Concert on Monday evening, in aid of the Funds of the Benevolent Institution, was as numerously and as flatteringly attended as the most sanguine friends of the Institution could possibly hope for. Mrs. Paul was a great point of attraction during the evening; her songs were followed with loud plaudits by the audience. Mr. Clarke's, "I ne'er will cease to love", deserved warm eulogium, it was called for a second time. The Overture of Der Freschetyz [sic] was played in the course of the evening. Mr. B. Levey's song the "Storm", was a failure, but he recovered himself in a medley introduced in the second part. A Mr. Scarr appeared in the Orchestre; this gentleman attempted some airs; but he was not quite fortunate. Mr. S. is a good instrumental performer. The entire performance was not over before 12 o'clock. The company were much more numerous than on any former Concert. There were present, Mrs. Darling, Mrs. McLeay, &c. the Misses McLeays, &c. and Chief Justice Forbes; Colonels, Shadforth and Mills; Captains, Dumaresq, Piper, and Gillman, &c. &c. &c.

"THE CONCERT", The Monitor (8 December 1826), 3

. . . Mr. Scarr, an amateur of talent, acquitted himself respectably . . .

NSW census, 1828, alphabetical; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Scarr John / 27 / Came Free / [per] Francis / 1823 / Clerk to Bench of Magistrates / Airds / 55 acres / 50 acres cleared and under cultivation . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 March 1830), 3

By special licence, at Liverpool, on Thursday last, the 18th instant, by the Rev. ROBERT CARTWRIGHT, Assistant Chaplain, Mr. JOHN SCARR, of Agar Cottage, Campbell Town, to Miss ANNE CAMPBELL, of Liverpool.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1855), 8

At Cumberland-street, Sydney, on the 1st November, John Scarr, Esq., J.P., of Marengo, Lachlan District, and formerly of Campbelltown, aged 52.

Bibliography and resources:

"John Scarr", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

SCARVELL BROTHERS (shareable link to this entry)


Amateur musician, flute player

Born NSW, c. 1828; son of John Larking SCARVELL (d. 1861) and Sarah REDMOND (d. 1873) (m. 5 and 9 March 1828)
Died Windsor, NSW, 9 December 1875, aged "47/48"

SCARVELL, John Redmond Barnes

Amateur musician, flute player

Born NSW, 1830; son of John Larking SCARVELL and Sarah REDMOND
Died Windsor, NSW, 22 October 1855, aged "24/25"


Amateur musician, flute player

Born NSW, 1834; son of John Larking SCARVELL and Sarah REDMOND
Died Windsor, NSW, 1877, aged "42/43"


"Reminiscences - Personal and Political of a 50 Years' Residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (13 September 1890), 1

A LECTURE, Delivered at the Windsor School of Arts, 22nd August, 1890, by WILLIAM WALKER, M.L.C. I. - PERSONAL AND SOCIAL. (Continued.) . . .

. . . In the days of my early man-hood there were a number of amiable and hospitable families about Windsor - possessed of ample means, which they used with great generosity. I don't see many like them now-a-days. In particular, there were three which I would like to mention. There were the Scarvells, of Killarney, the Hales, of Clifton, and afterwards of Fairfield, and the Fitzgeralds of Windsor. When I was attaining to man's estate I was a frequently-invited guest to parties and social-reunions. My acquaintance with the Scarvells arose from the three eldest sons being my school-fellows at my father's school. They were weekly boarders, going home on Saturdays, returning on Monday mornings, and I was often taken with them to their happy paternal mansion. Mrs. Scarvell was a charming lady and the whole family most agreeable. The little homely parties which we used to have then can never be effaced from my memory. All the boys played the flute and I was an amateur at it myself, and we used to take it in turns to play the quadrilles, waltzes and polkas. Poor fellows they have all gone, and followed their respected parents to early graves . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Walker (memoirist); Hale (family); there was also a younger son, Edward Augustus (1835-1883)

Bibliography and resources:

John Larking Scarvell, Find a grave 

SCHEDE, Herman (Herman SCHEDE; ? SCHADE)

Musician, pianist, teacher of French language and piano, German interpreter, commission agent

Born c. 1827
Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1856
Active Bendigo, VIC, until 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? List of passengers who have arrived at the Port of Melbourne, on the 27th day of June 1854 from Amsterdam on the ship Ambarawa; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Schade van Westr[?]m / 25 . . .

"LETTER LIST", The Argus (27 July 1855), 3

. . . 195 Schede, Herman . . .

? List of passengers who have arrived at the Port of Melbourne, on the 25th day of No'br 1855 from Hamburg on board the barque Bielefeld; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . H. T. Schade / C. H. Schade . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 May 1856), 3

WANTED. - A Pianist is open for engagement. Address H. Schede, Cafe Paris, Market-square.

"COURT OF PETTY SESSIONS, June 6th . . . ASSAULT", Bendigo Advertiser (7 June 1856), 3 

Charles Rogers, on a charge of assaulting Herman Schade, at the Cafe de Paris, Market-square, was fined forty shillings or three days' imprisonment.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 June 1856), 3 

. . . Herman Schede, Vereidigter Dollmeteher, Cafe de Paris.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 July 1856), 3

WANTED. - A Pianist is open for engagement. Address H. Schede, Cafe Paris, Market-square.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (7 August 1856), 3 

WANTED. - Parties desiring to learn the French Language . . .
HERMAN SCHEDE, Interpreter and Teacher of the French Language. Apply at Cafe de Paris.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 August 1856), 3 

WANTED a few more Pupils in the French language and Piano. Apply Cafe de Paris. HERMAN SCHEDE.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

AT the Junction Inn, Pegleg Gully, open every Monday evening, and Free and Easy every Saturday evening. Admission Free.
Mr. SCHEDE, Pianist.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 July 1857), 3 

WANTED, Engagement by a German Musician, who plays the Cornet, the Violin, the Clarionet, and the Flute. Apply to Herman Schede, Bridge-street.

Register of members, Corinthian Lodge, Sandhurst, VIC, no. 1072, 1858; United Grand Lodge of Great Britain; Museum of Freemasonry (PAYWALL)

Petitioners' warrant dated 20th Dec. 1858 / frm 924 / Salamon Edward / [Sandhurst] / Pianist . . .
[1858] Oct. 20 / Schede Herman / 31 / [Sandhurst] / Agent . . .
[1858] Dec. 16 / Livingstone Alexander / 26 / [Sandhurst] / Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Salamon (pianist); Alexander Livingstone (pianist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 December 1861), 3

WANTED - Reapers, Ploughmen, Mowers, and General Farm Laborers. Apply Herman Schede, McCrae street.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1862), 1 

NOTICE. F. SCHUMANN, (Herman Schede's successor,) Labor Mart, Interpreter's Office, and Commission Agency . . .


Amateur bass vocalist, member of the Adelaide Liedertafel

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 January 1855 (per Johan Cesar, from Hamburg, 9 October 1854)
Departed SA, ? after 1872
Died Bremen, Germany, 21 August 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Adelaider Deutsche Zeitung (1 February 1861), 6 

Concert. Grosses Concert zum Besten der Hinterbliebenen des Componisten Carl Zöllner, am Mittwoch den 6. Februar 1861, im "Hotel Europe."
Thüröffnung halb 8, Anfang 8 Uhr.
Eintrittstarten zu 2s. 6d. sind zu haben bei allen Mitgliedern der Adelaider Deutschen Liedertafel, sowie bei den Commttteemitgliedern.
F. Armbrüster,
W. Schierenbeck,
O. Ziegler.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Friedrich Zöllner (1800-1860), German composer (never visited Australia); Adelaide Liedertafel (society); Frederick Armbruster (member); Charles Ziegler (member)

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (16 February 1861), 7 

On Wednesday evening, the 6th inst., a grand vocal and instrumental concert was given in the large room of the Hotel Europe, Gawler-place, for the benefit of the family of the celebrated composer, the late Mr. Carl Zoellner. There was a large and very respectable audience, including some of our leading German and English colonists. Mr. Treuer opened the entertainment by stating its object and giving a brief account of the career of Mr. Zoellner. This was followed by an overture, by Herold, very well executed by the Brunswick Brass Band. The German liedertafel, under the leadership of Herr Linger, came next; and gave with good effect one of Mendelssohn's choruses. A duet by Messrs. Schraeder and Heydecke was then played upon the cornet-a-piston, accompanied on the piano by Mr. Kunze. The performance was encored. Mr. Schierenbeek having sung a bass solo, entitled "How beautiful art thou," a chorus by the Liedertafel - "Our German Fatherland" - was given . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Linger (conductor); Heinrich Schrader (musician); Theodor Heydecke (musician); Carl Julius Kunze (pianist); Brunswick Brass Band (ensemble)

"SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN RELIEF FUND", South Australian Register (11 October 1864), 2 

It is not often that our German fellow-colonists emerge from their identity with South Australians to engage in demonstrations peculiarly national or to promote truly national objects. Nor is it desirable that this should be so; for in a new settlement everything which tends to retard the progress of amalgamation and the growth of parity in sentiment among its inhabitants is to be deprecated. There are times, however, when this rule may be overstepped - when the sympathy of race excuses demonstrations of a national character, evincing the devotion with which peculiar customs and institutions ore clung to and the deep-rooted sympathy which fellow-countrymanship inspires. Such an opportunity has the recent war in Schleswig Holstein afforded to the Germans here. The sufferings of the belligerent forces call for compassion and relief from all, but they naturally excite a more hearty compassion, a more tender solicitude, among those who were born and bred in the same land, and brought up under the influence of the same associations. The movement now on foot in the province to advance this laudable purpose of send ing aid to those who have been involved in the disasters of the war recently raging there recognises, as we understand, no partisan motive, but is intended to secure funds for distribution among those who have need, whichever side they may be connected with. In this view the object cannot fail to commend itself to the favourable notice of all. Among other means of securing a respectable sum for transmission to "Fatherland" it was determined to hold a grand concert in Adelaide, the performers being the members of the Liedertafel and the Brunswick Band, assisted by several lady and gentleman amateurs. Accordingly on Monday evening White's Room was crowded to the very doors with a highly-respectable assemblage, consisting mainly of Germans, although many members of other nationalities were present . . .

The opening piece was Martin Luther's well-known hymn "A strong fortress is our God," in which both chorus and band took part. This was followed by the overture to the opera of Die Felsenmuhle, by the band, and that again by the amusing "Grasshopper Song," which has already acquired some degree of popularity in Adelaide. Mr. Oehlmann's solo from Beethoven went off well, and Miss Haag executed on the pianoforte Schulhoff's "Galop di Bravura" in an admirable style. After this a quartette, "The True German Heart," was rendered in a feeling manner, and shortly afterwards Mr. Schierenbeek and Mr. Mumme sung "Ich wolt, mein Lieb, ergosse sich" . . .

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (11 October 1864), 2

. . . There were some double quartettes sung by members of the Liedertafel, and the last particularly - "Himmelsspiegel" - was excellently performed, and several full choruses were also sung in the course of the evening, the most spirited being the "Froschcantate." We should not omit to mention with great approval Herr Schierenbeck's song, "Die Beiden Grenadieren," which was sung with both taste and feeling. The concert was concluded about 11 o'clock with the national chorus, "Das Deutsche Vateriand" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hermann Oelmann (vocalist); Charles Edmund Mumme (vocalist); Emma Haag (pianist)

"FUNERAL OF SIR DOMINICK DALY", Adelaide Observer (29 February 1868), 14 

. . . The service which followed was either recited or chanted, and in the latter case important aid was rendered by the choir, consisting of Mr. Pfaendler (leader), Miss Morris (harmoniumist), Messrs. Mumme, De Normanville, Donovan, O'Brien, and Schierenbeck (vocalists). The time occupied by it was about one hour, and then the celebrant and his deacons endued other vestments, and requiem mass was celebrated. The one selected was the Grand Gregorian Mass, containing the ever famous "Dies Irae," and the principal burden of course fell upon the choir, who acquitted themselves well . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Dominick Daly (late governor)

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (29 September 1887), 4 

SCHIERENBECK. - On the 21st August, at Bremen, Germany, Johann Wilhelm Schierenbeck, formerly of Rundle Street, Adelaide.


. . . The Adelaide Liedertafel in the 50 years of its existence has passed through great periods of prosperity and has had to face vicissitudes and adversities, but ever the spirit which animated its founders - the love of song and music - has been fostered, in its members; and it is due to this trait that the society has ridden out many a storm like the good ships that brought the first German settlers to the hospitable shores of South Australia. So now it can look back on 50 years of unbroken work in the interests of music. The Adelaide Liedertafel can lay claim to the distinction of having been the first society of its kind in the State, and of having by its example given impetus to the formation of the several kindred English societies which flourish in our music loving city. Before these latter came into existence the Adelaide Liedertafel enjoyed for many years the honour of being the only large male chorus in Adelaide, and it prospered accordingly. It has had the support of talented and prominent men. Among them were such as Messrs. Armbruster, Schierenbeck, Mumme, Oehlmann, Christen, Otto, Fischer, Nitschke, Ziegler, Basedow, Krischauff, Charles S. Leader, Kennedy, H. E. Holder, A. Mentz, and J. G. Nash . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hugo John Christen (vocalist); George Fischer (vocalist); Herr Otto (vocalist)

Bibliography and resources:

"Past officers", Adelaider Liedertafel 1858; Pandora Archive, National Library of Australia 

SCHILLER, Madeline (Madeline SCHILLER)

Pianist, piano teacher

Born London, England, 8 November 1843
Active Australia, 1871-72, 1887-89
Died New York, USA, 3 July 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (Wikipedia) (shareable link to this entry)



Amateur musician, vocalist, choir singer, carpenter

Born c. 1789
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1850
Died Waterloo, NSW, 7 September 1874, aged "85/86" (shareable link to this entry)

SCHIMEL, Francis (Francis SCHIMEL)

Amateur musician, violinist, vocalist, choir singer, coach builder

Born c. 1845; son of James SCHIMEL and Anges WHIPPEL (d. 1901)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1850
Died Waterloo, NSW, 2 February 1905, aged "60" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Mr. Francis Schimel", The Catholic Press (9 February 1905), 26 

SCHINCH, Miss (Miss SCHINCH; ? spelling)


Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861 (shareable link to this entry)



. . . Miss Schinch, pianist, and Mr. Trevor, violinist, enlivened the evening with some good music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably Joseph Robinson Trevor (musician)

SCHLUE, Henry (Carl Heinrich August SCHLUE; Charles SCHLUE; Henry SCHLUE)

Musician, bandsman, composer, vigneron

Born Bettrum, Hannover (Germany), 1830; son of Heinrich SCHLUE (1797-1871) and Elisabeth JANNS (1797-1877)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 31 July 1854 (crew per Lightning, from Liverpool, 14 May)
Died Rutherglen, VIC, 23 November 1912, aged "82" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SCHLUE, Ellen (Ellen ANDREWS; Mrs. Henry SCHLUE)


Born Liverpool, England, 1831; baptised St. John's, Liverpool, 26 January 1831; daughter of John and Elizabeth ANDREWS
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 August 1855 (per Donald Mackay, from Liverpool, 6 June)
Died Chiltern, VIC, 16 April 1892, aged "61" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SCHLUE, Carl (Carl SCHLUE; Charles SCHLUE)

Musician, flute player, bandmaster

Born Bettrum, Hannover (Germany), ? c. 1835/36; son of Heinrich SCHLUE (1797-1871) and Elisabeth JANNS (1797-1877)
Died Bongongolong, NSW, June 1907, aged "75" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SCHLUE, Charles [2] (Henry Charles SCHLUE; Charles SCHLUE)

Amateur musician, bandmaster, blacksmith, farmer, vigneron

Born Liverpool, England, 1855; baptised St. Peter's, Liverpool, 18 February 1855; son of Henry SCHLUE and Ellen ANDREWS
Married Clara Schofield CROWTHER (b. 1859), VIC, 1878
Died Barnawartha, VIC, 1907, aged "51" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Carl Heinrich August (Henry) Schlue was born in 1830, in the village of Bettrum, near Hanover, Germany, a son of Heinrich Schlue and Elisabeth Janns. His younger brother Carl (Charles) was probably born c. 1835 and no later than 1837.

In late March 1852, the Schlue brothers sailed from Hamburg, and landed at in England at Hull, members of a band of seven Hanover musicians, of which Heinrich/Henry was leader and clarinet player, and Carl/Charles flute player. In October and November that year they performed as a band on a northern tour with the euphonium soloist Ferdinand Sommer in Preston (Lancashire), Carlisle, Durham, and Newcastle. Sommer, a former member of Louis Jullien's band, had previously performed for queen Victoria and prince Albert at the Great Exhibition in 1851, and according to an entirely plausible later a family account, Henry's band also performed (presumably with Sommer) for the queen.

Heinrich - now Henry - married Ellen Andrews at Liverpool on 10 May 1854, and a week later, Henry and Carl joined the professional band of the Lightning, a passenger ship bound for Victoria.

In the meantime, Ellen gave birth to their son, Henry Charles (later known as Charles), in Liverpool, early in 1855, and in June they sailed on the Donald Mackay to join Henry and his brother in Victoria.

In Australia, Henry and Ellen had at least 13 more children, Henry (1856-1931), Ellen (1858-1882), William (1860-1869), Frederick (1862-1935), George (1863-1953), Alice (1865-1868), John (1866-1961), Alfred (1868-1952), Emma (1871-1875), Walter (1874-1910), Clara (1875-1969, Mrs. Rankin), and Arthur (1877-1885).

Henry established the Southern Cross Vineyards (H. Schlue & Sons) in Rutherglen, with some 30 acres of vines. He became a naturalized British subject on 25 February 1897.

His brother Carl/Charles, meanwhile, had apparently settled in NSW by the early 1870s, and was conducting a band at Wagga Wagga in 1871. He died at Bongongolong, NSW, in June 1907, reportedly aged "75" (his nephew, also Charles, died in Victoria 3 months later).


Baptisms solemnized at St. John's Church, in the parish of Liverpool in the County of Lancaster in the year 1831; bishop's transcripts, 1830-39; Lancashire Anglican Parish Records (PAYWALL)

No. 47 / 1831 January 26th / Ellen / [daughter of] John & Elizabeth / Andrews / London Road / Gardener . . .

Arrivals per Leipzig from Hamburg, Hull, 26 March 1852

A list of Aliens [per] the Leipzig, bound from Hamburg to the port of Hull [26 March 1852]; UK National Archives (image above) (PAYWALL)

Heinrich Schlue / Musicus / Hannover
Chrystian Wendt / [Musicus] / [Hannover]
Carl Schlue / [Musicus] / [Hannover]
Neinich Brandes / [Musicus] / [Hannover]
Heinrich Kahle / [Musicus] / [Hannover]
Wilhelm Wilke / [Musicus] / [Hannover]
Hermann Abmeyer / [Musicus] / [Hannover] . . .

[Advertisement], Preston Chronicle (16 October 1852), 1 (PAYWALL)

HERR SOMMER, WHOSE wonderful Performance at the Great Exhibition, on his silver instrument, the "Sommerophone" Baritone, elicited such enthusiastic admiration, begs to announce to the Nobility, Gentry, and Public, that he will give a
At the Institution, Avenham, on Wednesday, the 20th October, 1852.
Principal Cornet-a-Piston, MR. MONKHOUSE. Leader - HERR SCHLUE, Sen.
Conductor, HERR SOMMER.
HERR SCHLUE, Sen., Clarionette Solo. MR. MONKHOUSE. Cornet-a-Piston Solo.
HERR C. SCHLUE, Jun., Flute; HERR H. KAHLE, Sommerophone Alto.
HERR H. ABEYMER, Sommerophone & Basso Solo. HERR C. WENDT, Jun., Sommerophone Tenor.
HERR H. BRANDES, Clarionette; HERR W. WILKE, Cornet-a-Piston.
Band - Overture from the Opera of Zampa - Herold.
Aria, with variations, for the Cornet-a-Piston and Sommerophone Baritone -
"Partant pour la Syrie" by Herr Sonimer and Mr. Monkhouse - with Pianoforte accompaniment - Sommer.
Band - "The Lusthaus Polka" - Kingel.
Song, with variations, for the Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. Monkhouse - "Then you'll remember me" - with Pianoforte accompaniment - Balfe.
Band - Quadrille - Schubert.
Sontag's Polka, with variations, for the Sommerophone Baritone - Herr Sommer - with Piano Forte accompaniment - Sommer.
Band - Amazonian Galop - Labritzski. [sic, Labitzky]
Band - Selection from the Opera "Norma" - Bellini.
Ballad - "The Exile's Lament," - for the Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. Monkhouse - with Pianoforte accompaniment - Rock Alberti.
Band - Waronzow Waltz - Labritzski.
Fantasia - "I Puritani" - Souna la Tromba, Herr Sommer - with Pianoforte accompaniment - Sommer.
Band - The Echo Polka - Kittler.
Finale - "God save the Queen" . . .

Newcastle Journal (27 November 1852), 4

[Advertisement], Newcastle Journal (27 November 1852), 4 (image above) (PAYWALL)

ASSOCIATIONS: Ferdinand Sommer (euphonium player, conductor); Sommer, certainly, had received patronage from queen Victoria, having performed for her and her family on a visit to the Great Exhibition the previous year, 1851

1854, marriage solemnized in the parish church in the parish of Liverpool in the county of Lancaster; register, 1853-54, page 166; Liverpool Record Office (PAYWALL)

No. 332 / 10th May 1854 / Henry Schlue / full [age] / Bachelor / Musician / Finch St. / [father] Henry Schlue / Shipwright
Ellen Andrews / full / Spinster / - / Finch St. / [father] John Andrews / Gardener . . . In the presence of Carl Schlue . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (24 August 1854), 8

LIGHTNING Band, newly arrived, consisting of eleven in number, is open for Engagements.
The above band will be successful in any kind of performance for Concerts, Balls, and Parties.
Apply to Henry Schlue, four doors from the back of the Black Eagle, Lonsdale-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1855), 8

LIGHTNING Band returned to Melbourne again and will be open for Engagements, or Concerts, Balls, and Quadrille Parties. Apply to H. Schlue, four doors at the back of the Black Eagle, Lonsdale-street east.

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Peter's, Liverpool [England], in the year 1855; bishop's transcripts, 1850-59; Lancashire Archives (PAYWALL)

1855 Feb'y 18 / Henry Charles / [son of] Henry & Ellen Schlue / Finch St. / Cabinet Maker

List of passengers per Donald Mackay, from Liverpool, to Melbourne, 1 August 1855; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

[from] Liverpool / Ellen Schlue / 24 / [with] Infant / Matron . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (22 November 1855), 4

A Quadrille Party will be held on Thursday evening, at the Geelong Hotel, Yarra-street, upon which occasion there will be a full brass band.
Tickets of admission - gentlemen 3s each, with the privilege of introducing ladies.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (10 January 1857), 4 

GRAND CONCERT & BALL, Every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday.
THE Proprietors have great pleasure in announcing to the inhabitants of the Woolshed that they have succeeded in an arrangement with Mr. and Mrs. Pendleton, the original comic duet singers, and delineators of domestic life.
Mr. Pendleton, the unrivalled performer on the three Tambourines, and Bones Soloist.
Mrs. Pendleton, the pleading comic Vocalist.
Mr. Pendleton will sing a variety of Irish Comic Songs, assisted by several gentlemen of talent.
1st Violin - Mons. Myer Fransie
2nd ditto - Herr Vandeberg
Concert Flute - Herr Varherr
Clarionet - Herr Schlu
Cornet-a-piston - Mr. Fitzhenry
Harp - Mr. Wicks
Basso - Herr Martin.
Leader of the Band, Herr Weishmann, from the Olympic Theatre, Melbourne.
Admission - Free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Heinrick Weichmann (leader); Myer Fransie (violin); Jacob Van den Berg (violin); Hermann Vorherr (flute)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 August 1857), 3 

THE BRITANNIA HOTEL AGAIN. Amusement for the Million!
J. V. DE BERG begs to inform the people of the Woolshed, and the public in general, that in consequence of the great success attending the concert of the celebrated
ALPINE AND TYROLESE MINSTRELS, it the above hotel, he has succeeded in effecting a
RE-ENGAGEMENT with them for one night only, TUESDAY, AUG. 25.
In addition to the above, the following artists are engaged:
MR. ROMBOM, First Violin.
MADAME SCHLUTER, who will preside at the piano.
MR. MARTIN, the celebrated flutist.
MR. SLEW, Clarionet.
MR. HARGUS, Cornet-a-piston.
And, at ten o'clock, Mr. De Berg will introduce a novelty, - a Cat with a Horse's Tail!

ASSOCIATIONS: Alwine Schluter (piano); Mr. Martin (flute); Julius and Margeritta Haimberger (Alpine and Tyrolese minstrels)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 April 1858), 3 

INDIAN RELIEF FUND . . . Collected by Mr. A. H. Lissak, Jun. . . . Mr. Henry Schlue 5s . . .

"POLICE. CITY COURT. TUESDAY, JULY 20", The Argus (21 July 1858), 1s

Charles Schlue was charged with stealing two shirts, the property of his employer, a German musician named Jacob Young, living at North Melbourne. The prisoner was one of a German band, and the prosecutor, on the previous night, had locked him up in a room, in consequence of his being drunk, and unable to play his part. The prisoner, upon this, broke a window, and, it was alleged, took the shirts out of a box. Only one shirt, however, was found, and that was on the prisoner's back. The Bench did not consider the charge sustained, and discharged the prisoner.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Young (musician)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 November 1865), 3

PROGRAMME: Part 1st;
Opening Chorus - Band and the whole of the Company . . .
Song - "Erin, my Isle" (accompanied with Guitar) - Mrs. Schlue . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 July 1866), 4

MR. SCHLUE, of Rutherglen, waits Engagement as Musician.
Is prepared to provide a Full Orchestra for balls, parties, &c., on the shortest notice.

"POLICE . . . CLUNES. On Thursday, 25th October . . .", The Ballarat Star [VIC] (27 October 1866), 1 s

. . . Charles Schlue and Robert Wilson v. John Griffiths, illegally detaining property, value £2. From the evidence it appeared that the defendant never had the property in dispute (some music books); case dismissed . . .

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA (To the Editor of the . . .)", Wagga Wagga Advertiser [NSW] (7 June 1871), 2

SIR, - Among the many evidences of progress in the lively little town of Wagga, during the last year or two, the study, of music has been conspicuous. The town band (consisting of about a dozen tradesmen) led the van by engaging an instructor for twelve months, and resolutely practising under him till they had attained a tolerably degree of proficiency. After a short interval, the late bandmaster (Mr. Simpson) having left the town, the band has just been reorganised, and has effected an engagement, for another twelve months' tuition, with Mr. Schlue, a German professor of music, under whose zealous conduct hard practice for two or three hours is enforced three times a week, the results of which will shortly be manifested at a public concert . . . The Eastwick Family, I hear, are about to give another juvenile musical entertainment. It has been some time in preparation, will be unusually good, and ought to be attended by every child in the town over six years of age.

"THE MAYOR'S BALL", Wagga Wagga Advertiser and Riverine Reporter (27 May 1871), 2 

A GRAND ball was given on the evening of the Queen's birthday by his Worship the Mayor. It is not usual, we believe, for the Mayors of country Municipalities to emulate the civic splendour of their metropolitan brethren, but as Wagga is not as other towns, so neither is the Mayor of Wagga as other Mayors. Twice elected Mayor of Wagga, he has rendered his term of office for ever memorable by his splendid hospitality . . . There could not have been fewer than 300 people present, but so excellent were the arrangements that, there was not the slightest crowding nor inconvenience of any kind. The music was provided by Mrs. Eastwick, the pianist, accompanied by the bandmaster, Mr. Schlue, on the flute, and dancing was kept up with great spirit until about twelve, when his Worship led the way to the supper-room . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Wilhelmina Eastwick (pianist)

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (24 June 1871), 3

MR. C. SCHLUE, Flautist, and the LOCAL BAND.
On WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1871.
PROGRAMME: A Prelude by the Band.
WALTZ - D'Albert . . .
During the Intermission the Band will play
POLKA - Schlue.

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (1 July 1871), 2

. . . The concert, however, had already been begun by the local band (under their new director, Mr. C. Schlue) playing, in good time and with precision and spirit, the "Glasgow March," "Adelong Schottische," and D'Albert's waltz, "Star of the Night," the first two pieces being Mr. Schlue's own compositions. It was rather unfortunate, both for the audience and the band, that the building is much too small for such music. The noise of the instruments was so great that it was exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to appreciate the harmony flowing from them. Distance would have lent enchantment. The band will do well to remember this, and, in future, whenever they play inside a building, to consider that what may appear to be piano in the open air would be equivalent to forte in the court house. They should not allow themselves to be carried away by the desire, so natural in young players to be heard above their colleagues, but strive to keep their instruments in subjection, and never forget that the notes which please the best and travel farthest are those which are produced with the greatest ease, each having its due proportion of swell or crescendo and diminuendo . . .

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (9 September 1871), 1

Wednesday Evening, Sept., 13. GREAT ATTRACTIONS! . . .
THE COMMITTEE of the INSTITUTE have much pleasure in announcing that the
PROGRAMME: Selections by Wagga Wagga Band.
Glasgow Grand March, from Rob Roy,
Wagga Wagga Schottische, (comprised expressly for the Band.),
Duke of Wellington March . . .

"RUTHERGLEN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1874), 4 

Our correspondent writes: The Rutherglen Quadrille Assembly Ball held at the Town Hall here on Wednesday evening last was one of the most successful ever held in Rutherglen. Host Schwenzel, who was the successful tenderer for the supply of refreshments, with his usual good taste provided a most recherche repast to which ample justice was done. The music by Messrs. Schlue, Vorher, and others, was all that could he desired. The dancing was kept up with great spirit until near daylight, and everyone present seemed thoroughly to enjoy themselves.

"RUTHERGLEN BOROUGH COUNCIL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 June 1875), 3 

. . . From Mr. H. Schlue, stating that he had been requested to start a fife and drum band in the town, and that about 20 youths had consented to join, and asking the use of the Council Chamber twice a week for the purpose of practising.
Cr. HUNTER moved, and Cr. BADEWITZ seconded, that the request be acceded to. Carried . . .

"FIFE AND DRUM BAND AT RUTHERGLEN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 June 1875), 5 

We are glad to hear that a want long felt in this town is about being supplied. At the meeting of the council on Monday evening last, Mr. H. Schlue, the well-known musician, an old resident, applied for the use of the Council Chambers, for the purpose of teaching a fife and drum band. He stated that about 20 youths had expressed their willingness to join. The Council granted the use of the Council Chambers. In addition to this, we understand that another band is about being started in connexion with the Good Templars' Society.

"RUTHERGLEN BOROUGH COUNCIL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 July 1875), 5 

. . . From Mr. H. Schlne, stating that the number of pupils to the Fife and Drum Band had increased so much that it would be necessary for him to teach them in two classes, and requesting the use of the Council Chambers four nights a week instead of two nights as at present . . .

"CONCERT AT RUTHERGLEN", The Corowa Free Press (15 October 1875), 3 

The concert in aid of the funds of the Rowing Club came off at the Town-Hall, Rutherglen, on Wednesday last, and was, in every respect, a very great success. About 300 persons were present. The proceeds will, it is supposed, entirely defray the expenses entailed by the club in purchasing their boats and appliances. The entertainment consisted of solos, duets, and trios, vocal and instrumental and recitations, which were all delivered by lady and gentleman amateurs of Rutherglen . . . The proceedings were initiated by the Rutherglen Fife and Drum Band playing the air "Marching Along," which, considering the short time the band has been in existence, was creditably executed . . . "Partant pour la Syrie" was then rendered by Miss I. Hamilton and Mr. H. Schlue, the former on the pianoforte and the latter on the flute. The variations on the air by Mr. Schlue were very agreeable and the harmony of the two instruments acceptable . . . Miss Schlue sang "Shells of the Ocean," and, on being encored, repeated the last verse . . .

"ENTERTAINMENT AT RUTHERGLEN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 October 1875), 2 

The entertainment in aid of the Rutherglen Rowing Club took place at the Town Hall on Wednesday evening, and, in a financial point of view, was a great success. The overtures by the fife and drum hand were, considering the short time the hand has been started, exceedingly well played, and reflect great credit on the teacher, Mr. H. Schlue. The singing by the Misses Hamilton, Benjamin, and Kelly was greatly admired. The gem of the evening was a duett on the flute and piano by Miss J. Hamilton and Mr. H. Schlue, jun., which was beautifully rendered.

"A.O.F.", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 November 1875), 2 

On Tuesday, the Prince of Wales' Birthday, the members of Court Robin-Hood, No. 4001, celebrated their eleventh anniversary by a procession, soiree, concert and dance . . . Mr. H. Schlue followed with a piccolo solo, which was beautifully played . . . The room was then cleared for the ball . . . the Foresters' Brass Band supplying the music . . .

"SPORTS AT RUTHERGLEN", The Corowa Free Press (12 November 1875), 3 

. . . The day's proceedings were enlivened by the strains of the Rutherglen Fife and Drum Band, under the leadership of Mr. Schlue, under whose teaching they seem to be progressing satisfactorily . . .

"ENTERTAINMENT AT RUTHERGLEN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 December 1877), 2 

Our correspondent writes: - An amateur concert took place at the Town Hall, Rutherglen, on Friday evening last, in aid of the Indian Famine Relief Fund . . . After the entertainment a dance was held, Mr. Henry Schlue and family having kindly volunteered their services gratuitously for the occasion. The dance was well attended, and was kept up with great spirit until the small hours of the morning.

"ENTERTAINMENT AT BARNAWARTHA", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (17 November 1882), 14 

One of the most pleasing entertainments ever witnessed in the picturesque little town of Barnawartha took place in the State-school on the 8th inst. . . . The enjoyment was supplemented with the able assistance of some of the choicest of our local vocalists, also the Barnawartha Brass Band, who have now attained most surprising proficiency under their able leader, Mr. Charles Schlue, and succeeded in carrying off high honors . . .

"DEATH OF AN OLD RESIDENT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 April 1892), 2 

It is with deep regret (writes the Rutherglen "Sun") that we have to record the death of a very old resident of Rutherglen, Mrs. Henry Schlue, who died on Thursday, at her residence, Southern Cross Vineyard, Chiltern-road. Mrs. Schlue came to the colony some 36 ago with her husband, and after visiting several of the mining centres settled down at Rutherglen nearly 28 years back, and gained the highest esteem and respect of all who knew her, making a host of friends for herself and family, of which there were 13, and 9 of whom are still living to mourn their loss. The deceased lady was in her 59th year, and the remains were followed to the Carlyle Cemetery by a large number of friends who expressed great sympathy for Mr. Schlue and family.

"BARNAWARTHA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 November 1894), 3 

A large assembly of people were present at the foot of Mount Franklin to hear the recital given by our brass band on Sunday and appreciated it very much. Taking into consideration that the band has only been organised some four months the progress that they have made is highly creditable to the band-master, Mr. Charles Schlue.

"SACRED CONCERT", The Corowa Free Press (12 April 1895), 6 

On Friday night (Good Friday) a sacred concert is to be given in St. Stephen's Church of England, Rutherglen, when an extensive programme, contributed to by all the leading talent of Rutherglen and district will be presented. It may be of interest for our readers to learn that a somewhat novel musical number will be introduced in the programme. Mr. Schlue, of Rutherglen, who is so well noted for his musical abilities as an executant, an arranger, and transcriber of music, has undertaken to perform, with the members of his talented family, an excerpt from Mendelssohn's great oratorio "St. Paul." To do this, Mr. Schlue has overcome almost insuperable difficulties to score the music for violins, cornet, flute, double bass and organ from the scanty materials afforded by a pianoforte transcription of the oratorio. That Mr. Schlue has done justice to Mendelssohn's music may be fairly asserted and we only do justice to his talent by saying that he is to be complimented upon his clever musical effort, which we trust will be fully appreciated by the audience.

"SACRED CONCERT", The Corowa Free Press (19 April 1895), 6 

As exceedingly large and fashionable audience assembled at St. Stephen's Church, Rutherglen, on Good Friday night, when "a programme" of sacred music was presented, and highly appreciated . . . The opening item was on original orchestral arrangement from Mendelssohn's famous oratorio "St. Paul." This was played by the Schlue family, Miss Schlue, accompanying on the organ. We stated last week that Mr. Schlue had overcome almost insuperable difficulties in arranging an orchestral number from a mere pianoforte copy, and that in his success in that direction he had created a wonderful and clever work. We are confident that the whole performance, the execution of which was quite in sympathy with the high standard of the music, was fully appreciated by the audience, and too much praise cannot be bestowed upon Mr. Schlue and his talented family, numbering in all seven performers, for their clever interpretation of a masterly effort. It was rather a pity that the piece should have been placed at the opening of the entertainment, for the attention of the listeners was constantly interrupted by late arrivals, and we scarcely think that full justice was done to the performance on the part of the audience. We hope to have the pleasure of again earing the number at no distant date . . . the second part was commenced by the choir of the church singing the anthem "Oh, sing unto the Lord" . . . Mr. Walter Schlue played "He shall feed His Flock" as a violin solo, Mrs. Howard accompanying upon the piano. This number was particularly well executed and met with much approval . . . In Schubert's "Ave Maria" Miss Schlue excelled herself, and contributed one of the gems of the evening . . . A quintette was sung by Misses Ready, Kirkup and Schlue, and Messrs. Kilgour and McLennan, who gave "Beyond the Smiling and the Weeping," in a very creditable and enjoyable manner . . . and the choir brought the programme to a close by singing "God be Merciful" which was , quite as well given as their former anthem . . .

"ALL ABOUT PEOPLE", The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural and Mining Advocate [NSW] (19 June 1907), 2

As old man named Charles Schlue, aged 75, died suddenly at his daughter-in-law's residence, Bongongolong, on Friday night. He had been in delicate health for some time. He was in receipt of a pension from the State. Mr. C. J. Fraser, coroner, being acquainted with the facts of the case, dispensed with an inquiry.

"EARLY DIGGING DAYS. BEECHWORTH IN THE FIFTIES (BY G. E. T.)", Wodonga and Towong Sentinel (19 July 1907), 2 

. . . The music was of a thoroughly up-to-date character, as the following orchestra advertised to play at a "grand concert" - to be held at the Upper Woolshed, will show - First Violin, Mons. Myer Trouse; second violin, Herr Van den Berg; concert flute [sic], Herr Schlu; cornet-a-piston, Mr. Fitzhenry, etc., etc. . . .

"BARNAWARTHA (From Our Own Correspondent) Monday", The Border Morning Mail and Riverina Times (12 September 1907), 4 

I have to record the death of Mr. Chas. Schlue, at the age of 51 years. Mr. Schlue, after suffering for many months from severe pain in the side, consulted Dr. Schlinnk, of Wodonga, who pronounced the cause of pain to be a growth (probably cancer), and advised going to Melbourne and consulting an expert. Drss. Sterling and Springthorpe, assisted by another specialist, performed an operation and stated the disease was cancer in the stomach, and advised a return home, Finally he went under the treatment of Prof. Davis, of cancer notoriety, for several weeks, then returned home apparently slightly better. Gradually, however, he faded away, till the end came on Sunday evening, when he passed painlessly away. The deceased was a son of Mr. Henry Schlue, vigneron of Rutherglen, and leaves a widow and family of 2 grown-up sons and 2 daughters. The funeral takes place in the Barnawartha Cemetery today. Mr. Schlue will be remembered as the pioneer flax-grower in this district, last year cultivating 6 1/2 acres, both seed and fibre bringing top price in the Melbourne market. This year he put in about 7 acres, which is looking remarkably well, but unfortunately, Mr. Schlue has not lived to reap the reward of his enterprise.

"WANGARATTA", The Border Morning Mail and Riverina Times (10 September 1910), 6 

On Thursday morning Mr. Walter Schlue, piano tuner, died at his residence after a very short illness. Deceased, who was only 33 years of age, was attending to his usual duties at Rutherglen on Saturday last, and not feeling well, returned to his home. On Monday a doctor was called in, when it was found he was suffering from pneumonia, which developed rapidly in spite of all remedies. The late Mr. Schlue was a son of Mr. H. Schlue, of Rutherglen, and a member of the well known family of musicians of that town. He leaves a wife and child to mourn their loss. The interment took place at the Wangaratta Cemetery, on Friday, Rev. Canon Cue officiating at the grave.

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 September 1910), 1 

SCHLUE. - On the 8th September, at his residence, Baker-street, Wangaratta, Walter Schlue, youngest son of Henry Schlue, of Rutherglen and Whitfield, and dearly loved husband of Kathleen Schlue, aged 38 years. Regretted by all that knew him.

"Obituary. HENRY SCHLUE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 October 1912), 2 

Another pioneer of Rutherglen district was called across the bar on Tuesday morning after a long and painful illness. The late Henry Schlue was a native of Hanover, Germany, and when a young man took up music as his profession, visiting England, and while there married. The young couple decided to seek their fortunes under the Southern sky, and sailed for Australia, arriving in Melbourne during the year 1854, and for some time followed his profession, visiting Ballarat. The gold discovery in the Beechworth district brought Mr. and Mrs. Schlue to this district, and for a time they settled at the Woolshed. When the Indigo broke out Mr. Schlue decided on a change, and commenced the business of a dairyman. He followed the rush of the diggers to Rutherglen, settling on the Lanarkshire Lead, and shortly after removed to the head of the Southern Cross Lead, on the Chiltern road, where he combined dairying with farming. When it was demonstrated that vines could be grown in the district, the late Mr. Schlue added vinegrowmg to dairying and farming, - and thereby commenced the establishment of one of the best known district vineyards. Being a lover of music, the deceased never gave up his profession, and for years Schlue's orchestra was known throughout the Ovens District, and frequently filled engagements in neighboring towns. In his orchestral work he had his sons and daughter associated with him. The deceased was a fine type of German colonist, and for a number of years took a very active interest in the Rutherglen Vinegrowers Association. The deceased was in his 83rd year, and although he had been a sufferer for months he remained conscious and rational right up to the last. Deceased's wife predeceased him by several years, and he leaves five sons and one daughter, Mrs. Rankin, of Springhurst, to mourn their loss. The funeral, which was followed by a number of old friends to Carlyle Cemetery, took place on Wednesday, the Rev. P. J. Edwards.

"PERSONAL NEWS", The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (11 December 1931), 46 

An old resident of the Rutherglen district, Mr. [Henry] Schlue, Norong, has died. The deceased was born at the Woolshed, near Beechworth, and was brought to the Rutherglen district when about 4 years of age, his father being one of the pioneers, and settled at the head of the Southern Cross lead on the Chiltern road, near the race-course. The Schlue family, in the seventies and early eighties, was known throughout the North-east as very fine musicians, and their services were sought after by all committees of balls requiring high-class music. When the deceased became old enough he selected a farm on the Black Dog Creek, Norong, and with his brothers, under the guidance of their father, the property was cleared, fenced and a home established. Deceased was 75 years of age and besides his wife and son, leaves four brothers - Fred, George, John and Alfred - and one sister - Mrs. F. Rankin.

"MR. FREDERICK SCHLUE", The Corowa Free Press (27 September 1935), 5 

The death occurred at Leonora Private Hospital, Rutherglen, on Sunday last of another of the pioneer residents of the district in the person of Mr. Frederick Schlue. Deceased, who was 72 years of age at the time of his death, was a native of the Rutherglen district, and lived there all his life. He was a son of the late Henry and Ellen Schlue, and was born on the Lanarkshire lead. As the result of a stroke some years ago, the late Mr. Schlue had been more or less confined to his home, just off the Chiltern road, ever since. In his younger days deceased was recognised as a talented musician. He was a member of a brass band which played at the opening ceremony of the Corowa Hospital 42 years ago. During his residence deceased became well known and was respected by a large circle of friends. He is survived by three brothers (Messrs. John, Alfred, and George) and one sister, Clara (Mrs. Rankin, of Springhurst). On Sunday evening the remains were removed to St. John's Anglican Church, from where the funeral moved for the Carlyle Cemetery on Monday for interment . . .

"A PIONEER SPEAKS (From Our Rutherglen Correspondent)", Border Morning Mail [Albury, NSW] (13 December 1949), 7 

Some of the troubles experienced by the pioneers in the early days of settlement in foothills of the Australian Alps east of Albury have been related by Mr. Charles Schlue, 86 years, who lives with his two octogenarian brothers, Alfred and George, on their "Southern Cross" grazing property at Rutherglen. The brothers are justly proud of the achievements of their late father, who was a professional musician. Trained in Germany, he came to England with a concert party and at one time gave a command performance to the late Queen Victoria. He brought his orchestra to Australia during the gold rush in 1852 [sic] and their first engagement for a grand ball netted them 50 guineas. The small party of musicians soon went their separate ways and the late Henry Schlue followed the latest gold, rush to Rutherglen. One day, with his lunch in his pocket, he set out on foot for the Wodonga sale yards, where he purchased 3 milking cows. The same day he drove the cows home to Rutherglen through the unfenced timber country, arriving during the night after having covered the 56 miles on foot in the one day. He then started a dairy for the miners and their families. The late Mr. Schlue selected the property where the homestead still remains, about two miles from Rutherglen, where he raised a family of six sons and one daughter. As the family became old enough they were found to be musically inclined and their father taught them to become accomplished musicians. They formed the first dance band in the district. They were in great demand and fulfilled engagements as far away as Albury and Urana. Sometimes they travelled in a horsedrawn vehicle, but very often arrived at their destination on foot . . .


Musician, bass vocalist, pianist

Born Hannover (Germany), ? c. 1810-19; son of Carl SCHLUTER and Minna QUIDDE
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 September 1856 (per Morning Light, from Liverpool, 6 July, aged "27")
Died Beechworth, VIC, 14 September 1896, aged "83"/"86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DISAMBIGUATION: Adolph Schluter (amateur vocalist, active Adelaide, SA, d. 1873) (below)

SCHLUTER, Alwine (Aloine; Alwina SCHLÜTER; Alwine SCHLUTER; Mademoiselle SCHLUTER; Madame SCHLUTER; Mrs. Charles HUHT)

Musician, soprano vocalist

Born Hannover (Germany), ? c. 1821-27; daughter of Carl SCHLUTER and Hetta MIER (? half sister of the above)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 September 1856 (per Morning Light, from Liverpool, 6 July, aged "25")
Married Fritz Carl (Charles) HUHT, VIC, 1858
Died Flemington, VIC, 4 July 1912, aged "85" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Names and descriptions of passengers, per Morning Light, from Liverpool, 5th July 1856, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

[from Liverpool] / Adolph Schulch [sic] / 27 / Gentleman
[from Liverpool] / Alene [Schulch] / 25 / Spinster

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (26 September 1856), 8 

SOIREE MUSIKALE [sic] ! ! ! - On Saturday Evening, at the Junction Hotel, St. Kilda, by the celebrated vocalist Herr Adolph Schlüter (basso), from the Royal opera of Hanover (Germany), and the favorite soprano Madlle. Alwina Schlüter. To commence at eight o'clock p.m. For particulars see programme.

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 October 1856), 8 

SOIREE MUSIKALE . . . unavoidably post and last Saturday, will take place on Saturday Evening, 4th October . . .

Diary of John Buckley Castieau, Beechworth, VIC, December 1856; original MS, National Library of Australia; transcribed and edited by Mark Finnane, online at Centre for 21st Century Humanities, University of Newcastle (TRANSCRIPT)

[Tuesday 23 December 1856] . . . Went with Morrison and heard Mme. Schluter at the Star Concert Room. The Concert really very good.

[Saturday 27 December 1856] . . . Went into the Star with Beasley, met Morrison there heard a song or two from Madame Schluter & then as there were no women to dance, saw that it was useless waiting for the Casino . . .

[Monday 29 December 1856] . . . Went to the Concert and heard Madame Schluter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Buckley Castieau (diarist, theatrical amateur)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (2 January 1857), 4 

PROMENADE Concert and Ball every evening, at the Star.
Musical Director, Herr Collin. Leader, Mr. Osborne.
Admission, One Shilling.
MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER will appear this evening in the Grand Scena from the "Daughter of the Regiment."
MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER, Mr. Burchell, Mr. Hammond, and Mr. S. Benner, at the Star, are the great attractions in Beechworth.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 January 1857), 1 

STAR. GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT AND BALL, Every Evening, admission One Shilling.
MR. JAMES ELLIS originator of the first casino in England, viz., the Adelaide Gallery, Strand, and Cremorne Gardens London; the Salle de Valentino and Cremorne Gardens, Melbourne; begs to inform the public, that having secured the services of the celebrated Madlle. Schluter, who has created such a sensation at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, together with Messrs. Burchall, King, and Hammond, and a host of other available talent, he intends giving a series of Promenade Concerts, on a scale unequalled in Beechworth.
Musical director - Herr Collin. Leader - Mr. Ferdinand Osborne . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (proprietor); Leopold Frederick Collin (musical director); Ferdinand Osborne (leader); W. H. Hammond (vocalist); Samuel Benner (vocalist); Star Theatre (Beechworth)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 February 1857), 3 

A GRAND CONCERT, In aid of the Funds of the Sandhurst Fire Brigade,
MESSRS. HEFFERNAN and CRAWLEY having most generously tendered their Room and Company in aid of the Funds of the above Institution . . .
On this occasion the following distinguished artistes will appear in one of the best programmes ever issued on Bendigo: -
Madame Carandini, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Urie, Mons. Laglaise, Mr. Lyall, Signor Borsotti,
Herr Schluter, Mr. Leeman, Mr. Kohler, Mons. Lavenu . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Heffernan (proprietor); Maria Carandini (vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (vocalist); Louisa Urie (vocalist); Jean-Baptiste Laglaise (vocalist); Charles Lyall (vocalist); Paolo Borsotti (vocalist); Frederick Leeman (vocalist); Richard Wilblood Kohler (musician); Lewis Henry Lavenu (musical director); Shamrock Concert Hall (Bendigo)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 February 1857), 3 

Grand Complimentary Benefit to Mr. James Ellis,
ON which occasion the following Artistes have in the most handsome manner tendered their services: -

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Miss Lorette (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); John Ottis Pierce (vocalist)

"BURGLARY IN BEECHWORTH", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 February 1857), 2 

While Mademoiselle Schluter was singing at the Star Theatre on Wednesday evening, the cottage she inhabits in Loch street, was burglariously entered and rifled of all its contents, including a gold watch and all the lady's dresses and other wearing apparel. No clue had been obtained as to the perpetrators when the information reached us, but we trust the police will soon give some evidence of successful exertion by the apprehension of some of the maruaders now about the township. We have heard of other persons who have been disturbed at night though not actually robbed.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 February 1857), 3

IMMENSE Attraction This Evening, MONDAY.
Mrs. Hancock, Miss Urie, Herr Schluter, J. W. Kohler, Mr. Thatcher.
Conductor - Mr. Salamon . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Wildblood Kohler (musician); Charles Thatcher (vocalist), Edward Salamon (pianist, musical director)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 February 1857), 3 

PART FIRST. Overture.
Ballad - "Robert Toi que Jaime" - M'lle Schluter.
Song- "Yankee Wonders" - Mr. Hammond.
Celebrated Song - "The Queen's Letter" - Miss Octavia Hamilton - Hobbs.
Song - "So my courage now regaining" - M. Emile Coulon - Wallace.
Ballad - "Dream of Love" - Miss Lorette. - Rodwell.
Comic Local Song - Mr. J. O. Pierce.
Ballad - "Thou art gone from my gaze" - M'lle. Schluter . . .
PART SECOND . . . Ballad - "The Fairies' Well." - M'lle. Schluter . . .

"MADAME CARANDINI'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1857), 3

The Shamrock hall was crowded last night to do honor to the last appearance among us of that celebrated singer, Madame Carandini . . . Mr. Heffernan has hitherto been indefatigable in his endeavors to supply us with really good music, but we fear he will be sadly put to it to, supply the gap that will be left in his company. We should be wanting in justice did we not notice Herr Schluter, who is a singer of a superior order . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer [NSW] (14 March 1857), 3 

MR. FRANK HOWSON . . . has been induced to purchase from Mr. T. Taylor, the remaining unexpired term of two years and three months' lease of the
PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE, where he purposes producing, with the assistance of the most eminent available artistes . . .
a series of Operas never before introduced to a Sydney public . . .
The Orchestra will be composed of artists of celebrity, under the acknowledged talented conductorship of M. Lavenu, Esq., many years of her Majesty's Theatre, Haymarket, London . . .
The following artistes are already engaged for the Season . . .
BASSI. - Mr. Farquharson, Herr Schluter, of the Grand Opera, Vienna, and Mr. Frank Howson . . .
he season will commence on Monday evening, March 30th, 1857, with Verdi's magnificent Opera, in 4 acts, entitled ERNANI! . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist, manager); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney); in the event, there's no evidence that Schulter actually appeared in the season

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE - THE OPERA", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (2 May 1857), 2 

. . . The fine lyrical drama "Lucrezia Borgia," was performed on Wednesday evening, and repeated on Thursday with increased success . . . The concerted music in the second act was laudably rendered throughout; and the famous scene in which Gennaro swallows the poisoned wine, administered by Alphonso, was a complete masterpiece of acting on the part of Madame Bishop and Herr Schluter, of whom we have more to say directly . . . Herr Schluter, the new basso, without possessing any extraordinary merits, is undoubtedly a great acquisition to our operatic force. On his first appearance he was suffering from nervousness, but the next evening succeeded in emancipating himself from the influence of that disagreeable attendant upon debutants. His voice is a light bass, somewhat rugged in quality, but on the whole well held in controul by its possessor. Although we have no particular admiration for his cantabile renderings, yet in this colony, we have heard the "Vieni la mia Vendetta" less creditably given by singers of far more exacting pretensions. Herr Schluter appeared to greater advantage in the cabinet scene, and fairly earned, both with regard to his singing and acting, the plaudits, of which his audience were so liberal . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); George Loder (conductor, musical director); Princess' Theatre (Melbourne); John Melton Black (theatre manager, proprietor)

"DIE LIEDERTAFEL HARMONIA", The Age (9 May 1857), 5 

Yesterday being the anniversary of the death of Schiller, the German Shakspeare, the members of the Liedertafel Harmonia (or German Singing Club) commemorated the occasion by a soiree musicale in the evening . . . The entertainments consisted of varied and choice selections from some of the best masters, and many of the pieces were decidedly well sung by the members of the society, who also had the valuable assistance (vocal and instrumental) of Messrs. Siede, Schleuter, and Elsasser . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (pianist); Julius Siede (flautist, also a member of Anna Bishop's opera company)

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Argus (12 May 1857), 5

The return of M. Laglaise, the best tenor that has yet appeared in these colonies, drew together a very large audience last evening in the Princess's Theatre . . . M. Laglaise, together with Madame Bishop, was recalled at the end of every act, and welcomed in the heartiest manner. A similar tribute, at the close of the opera, was accorded to Madame Sara Flower (who, however, scarcely appeared to us to sing as well as usual) and to Herr Schluter. This gentleman exerted himself so entirely to the satisfaction of the audience in the part of Alphonso, that he was compelled to repeat the grand scena in the second act.

"THE COLONY OF VICTORIA", The Argus (20 May 1857), 5-6 

The screw steam-ship Great Britain has been taken up by the Government to supply the broken link in the line of the European and Australian Royal Mail Company, caused by the disaster to the Oneida. The Great Britain will leave this port to-morrow morning for Liverpool, with a fair prospect of making her destination in about sixty days, as she will sail in excellent time. Participating in the general confidence which this magnificent steamer and her commander, Captain Gray, have secured in the public mind, we gladly embrace an opportunity of continuing our monthly history of the progress of the colony . . .
The edifice formerly known as Astley's Amphitheatre has also undergone an internal renovation, and was opened for operatic performances on the 22nd ult., under the designation of the Princess's Theatre. Most of the [6] boxes in the dress circle have been let to season-ticket holders, and the attendance, on the whole, has been very good. Madame Anna Bishop is the prima donna of the company. Madame Sara Flower the contralto, M. Laglaise the tenor, and Herr Schluter the basso, while the orchestra (which is a very excellent one) is under the able conduct of Mr. George Loder. The operas hitherto produced have been "Norma," "Linda di Chamouni," "Lucrezia Borgia," "La Sonnambula," and "Robert le Diable;" and "Ernani" is to follow.

ASSOCIATIONS: Great Britain (steam ship); Sara Flower (vocalist)

"MADAME LEON NAEJ'S CONCERT", The Age (27 May 1857), 5 

Yesterday evening this lady gave a vocal concert at the Golden Fleece, to a very meagre audience. Madame Naej was assisted by Herr Schluter, who sang several airs quite new to Melbourne audiences with great spirit and effect. Mr. Linden accompanied on the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Leon Naej (vocalist); Otto Linden (pianist)

[Advertisement], Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser [VIC] (23 July 1858), 2 

With the greatest and most talented company on the diggings.
First Violin - Mr. S. Radford
Violo [sic] - Jas. McEwen
Cornet a'piston - R. McEwen
Piccolo - F. Harrington
Saxe Tuba - John McEwen
Pianoforte - Herr Schluter
VOCALISTS. Dixon and Fairchild.
Bassos - Messrs. R. McEwen And Herr Schluter.
Also supported by COMIC SINGING by Mr. John McEwen and Mr. Frederic Sams.
And the only and last appearance of Troy Knight, the celebrated [REDACTED] Johnson, and delineator of Russell's songs, scenes, &c.
The evening's entertainment will be added to by the performance of the Maryborough German Glee Club, for this night only.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8 o'clock sharp. Admission, Half-a-crown.
Leader, Mr. S. Radford; Conductor, Herr Schluter.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Radford (bandleader); McEwan family (musicians); Troy Knight (vocalist)

"MUSIC AND DANCING AT THE GOLDEN AGE HALL", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser [VIC] (27 August 1858), 3 

In addition to the usual company at the Golden Age, Mr. Kennedy has procured the attendance of a lady and gentleman, who, from the short visit we paid last night, we judge will be very successful during their stay. The lady (Madame F. Lorette) sings very pleasingly, and in good taste. The gentleman Mr. Anderson) is a professor of dancing, and displayed very satisfactory proofs of his skill. We take this opportunity of remarking on the excellent performance of Herr Schluter on the pianoforte.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (8 November 1858), 5 

The new opera season commences this evening with the first production in the colonies, of Donizetti's splendid opera "La Favorita." Besides the material enlargement of the band and chorus and the addition of Herr Schluter, Miss Hamilton, and Madame Leon Naej to the solo corps, engagements are pending with Mr. John Gregg and Madame Sara Flower to add to its efficiency. Besides "La Favorita" and the repetition of the most popular of the operas of last season, the subscribers are to be guaranteed Verdi's "Ernani" and Meyerbeer's "Huguenots."

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gregg (vocalist)

"VICTORIA", The Courier (15 November 1858), 2 

Donizetti's great tragic opera of "La Favorita" was produced, for the first time in Australia, at the Princess's Theatre on the 8th instant . . . M. Coulon appeared to advantage as Alfonso; and Herr Schluter, who made his first appearance this season, and who, in addition to being a good singer, is a judicious and finished actor, was warmly welcomed on his return . . .

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Age (15 November 1858), 4 

The opera season at the Princess's, under the direction of the proprietor, Mr. John Black, and management of Mr. George Fawcett, has been increasingly successful, so much so, that a further engagement of the artistes has been effected, to last till Christmas. Since our last summary there have been produced "Lucrezia Borgia," "Luci di Lammermoer," "Norma," "Fra Diavolo," "Don Pasquale," "Il Trovatore," and "La Favorita," Verdi's "Ernani," and Meyerbeer's "Les Huguenots" are in active preparation, and will shortly be produced. The artistes engaged include Madame Carandini, Miss Julia Harland, Mrs. Hancock, Madame Leon Naej, Miss Octavia Hamilton, M. Laglaise, Mr. Walter Sherwin, Mr. Farquharson, M. Coulon, Signor Grossi, and Herr Schluter. The musical direction has been placed in the hands of Mr. L. H. Lavenu and Mr. Linly Norman. The band and chorus number over eighty.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (vocalist); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Linly Norman (pianist)

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (2 December 1858), 4 

. . . At the Princess's the performances were for the benefit of Madame Carandini. The opera of Ernani was presented. The cast was the same as that previously remarked upon, with the exception of Signor Grossi sustained the part of Di Silva, in place of Herr Schluter. The change was obviously in an improvement . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (13 December 1858), 5 

The same evening [Saturday 11] Herr Schluter, one of the most serviceable members of the late operatic company, gave a concert of miscellaneous music at Hockin's Hotel, in which he was gratuitously assisted by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Madame Leon Naej, Madame Steinmeyer, Mons. Laglaise, and Signor Grossi. Mr. L. H. Lavenu conducted. The programme was short, but well selected, and its length was nearly doubled by encores. The audience was miserably small, a circumstance which must be attributed to the inadequate means taken to make the entertainment public. The chief features of the evening were the debut of Miss Hamilton in the contralto parts of "II Trovatore," which she managed admirably; Madame Naej's brilliant execution in a duett in "La Figlia," with Herr Schluter; and the debut of Madame Steinmeyer in German songs.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Steinmeyer (vocalist)

"THE THEATRES, &c. . . . THE CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (28 December 1858), 3 

The new opera company who made their first appearance last evening have been eminently successful . . . The performance consisted of Donnizetti's "Lucia di Lammermoor" . . . Herr Schluter sang the part of Raymond very creditably . . . The only drawback - and we are disposed to think it less so than others - was that while Madame Carandini sang English words the other parts were given in Italian . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat)

"CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star (31 December 1858), 2 

The concert of last evening was rather poorly attended - a somewhat bad compliment to pay to the really good programme and finished performance. Madame Carandini was especially successful . . . Herr Schluter, in the song "Oh Sancta Justitia," and Madame Naej in her favorite air "Robert, toi que j'aime;" were both greeted with deserved approbation. The overtures were played remarkably well by M. Fleury's orchestra, presided over by M. Lavenu. The production this evening of Verdi's opera of "Il Trovatore" will be quite an event in its way . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Achille Fleury (violinist, leader)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (24 November 1859), 5 

. . . A new opera by Verdi - for "Luisa Miller," although one of that composer's earliest efforts, is really a novelty - ought to command the attention of the musical public, and, of course, the management reckoned upon its doing so . . . The only consummate encore of the evening, although several were attempted, was a duet in the second act between De Walter and Wurm, the characters being respectively assumed by Messrs. Gregg and Schluter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Theatre Royal (Melbourne); following Lavenu's unexpected death in Sydney in August, John Winterbottom took over as musical director for Maria Carandini's Melbourne season

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. THEATRE ROYAL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (26 November 1859), 2 

The production of Verdi's opera of "Louisa Miller" on Wednesday night, for the first time in the colony, was an undertaking that evidenced in a manner deserving of the highest commendation . . . Mr. Gregg's old fault - his indistinct enunciation - marred his complete success; and Herr Schluter was at disadvantage on account of his very bad English . . .

[News], The Argus (18 February 1860), 4 

The Operatic Company, including Signor and Signora Bianci, Miss Hamilton, and Messrs. Farquharson and Schluter, with the band and chorus, proceed this day to Ballarat. From thence they will go to Bendigo, and thence to Sydney, where they expect to remain two months. From Sydney they will return to Melbourne, with the intention of producing six new operas, among which are "I Puritani," "Rigoletto," "Attila," and "Robert le Diable." Mr. Winterbottom accompanies them, as conductor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi (vocalists)

[News], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (22 May 1860), 5 

By the arrival of the Melbourne steamer, on Sunday, the manager of the Prince of Wales Theatre has been enabled to complete the arrangement of his Operatic Company . . . on Tuesday evening next Verdi's opera of "Il Trovatore" will be placed on the stage with a degree of completeness hitherto unknown in the colony . . . The cast of "Il Trovatore" will be - Leonora, Signaro Bianchi; Azucena, Miss Octavia Hamilton (who has of late years attained high fame); Manrico, Signor Bianchi; Count de Luna, M. Coulon; Ferando, Mr. F. Howson. Other artists engaged are - Signor Grossi, a basso buffo pofondo, of great power; Herr Schluter, a tower of strength in leading choral effects; Mr. J. O. Pierce . . .

"THE OPERA OF NINO", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1860), 7

ON Saturday evening this opera was performed for the first time before a tolerably good house . . . Zacharias, the high priest . . . was sustained by Herr Schluter, and from his admirable singing and vigorous acting it is strange he has not appeared more prominently than he usually does. His voice is not powerful, except in the higher range, his rendering of "So to quell your fears," was very sweet and tuneful . . .

"THE OPERA", Empire (2 July 1860), 4 

. . . The second season of eight evenings, commences to-night with Verdi's Ernani . . . Herr Schluter personates the small character of Don Jago.

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5 

NOTWITHSTANDING the departure of the principal artists of the Italian troupe, the cause of music has not declined since our last summary, either with regard to the average number of musical entertainments, or to the general superiority of the music introduced to the public. The continued presence in Sydney of Miss Hamilton, M. Coulon, Signor Grossi, and Herr Schluter, as well as of the harpist, Mr. Brooks, has no doubt tended to afford a variety to the selections in the arrangement of the programmes . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Henry Brooks (harpist)

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Yass Courier [NSW] (29 September 1860), 2 

. . . On Thursday evening, we, in common with many others from town and countryside, were afforded a treat that, full of hope as our heart had been, exceeded the most sanguine expectations. We refer, to the concert given by amateurs in celebration of the first anniversary of the Mechanics' Institute of Yass . . . A pianoforte, presided over by Herr Adolph Schluter, a gentleman of eminent ability both as a musician and vocalist, and who, we understand, has occupied a distinguished position at the Royal Italian Opera in London, was the accompaniment supplied . . . The absence of Mrs. Glogoski who was to have presided at the piano, has been explained by the notice in this morning's paper, mentioning her serious illness . . . Herr Schluter in opening the concert with a brilliant overture on the pianoforte, at once enlisted the enthusiasm of the audience who acknowledged the gifted artist with repeated marks of approbation . . . Mr. Gilder sang the masterpiece of French patriotic song - "La Marsellaise," Herr Schluter, with his fine bass voice, joining, with many of the audience, in the refrain. Enthusiasm scarcely knew bounds at its conclusion, and some of those present were inconsiderate enough to call for a repetition . . . During the evening Herr Schluter riveted the profound attention of the audience by his masterly rendering of some Italian and English songs. We have rarely heard a finer voice, and never a more brilliant instrumentalist. The applause which followed each of his performances was so warm and genuine, that he himself must have felt assured that the audience fully appreciated not only his brilliant talents, but his endeavours to please . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Glogoski (pianist)

"KILLED BY LIGHTNING", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (6 August 1863), 4 

We regret much to inform our readers that the elder Mr. Huht, the butcher, was killed yesterday morning (the 31st ultimo) by lightning. The sad accident occurred, I believe, at the door of his own shop in Rutherglen. Mr. Huht was a German, a native of Hanover. He has been seven years in the Ovens district, and eleven years in the colony. He leaves behind him a wife (née Mademoiselle Schluter) and two children to lament his untimely end. No man in his position in the Ovens district had more entirely gained the respect of his fellow-citizens than he; and his surviving friends can be assured of the heartfelt sympathy of all who knew him. - O. and M. Advertiser, August 1.

"FUNERAL OF MR. HUHT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 August 1863), 2 

The funeral of Mr. Charles Huht, whose sudden death we chronicled in our last, took place on Sunday afternoon. It was conducted in the German manner, the hearse being preceded by a band of music. Large numbers from Rutherglen and Chiltern attended to pay the last tribute of respect to their deceased friend. The mournful procession was the longest which ever left Rutherglen. - Murray Gazette.


On Tuesday evening, about a hundred gentlemen sat down to a sumptuous banquet at Host Wertheim's, of the renowned 'Star.' The Theatre was elaborately and tastefully decorated for the occasion . . . Herr Schluter presided at the pianoforte, discoursing most excellent music throughout the evening . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Star Theatre (Chiltern, VIC)

"IMPERIAL MUSIC HALL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 June 1865), 2 

The new room which has just been completed by Mr. Rogers, the proprietor of the Imperial Hotel, High-street, Beechworth, is, we perceive, to be opened on Saturday evening next. Herr Schluter, well and favorably known as a vocalist and instrumentalist, will preside on the oocasion. We have no doubt that Mr. Rogers' invitation will bring a goodly muster of harmonious folks together to inaugurate the opening of the Imperial Hall.

"THE BEECHWORTH AMATEUR SERENADERS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 July 1865), 3 

The concert given by the Beechworth amateur serenaders in the Star Theatre, last night, in aid of the Beechworth Hospital, was, if possible, a greater success than we promised it would be . . . Herr Schmidt could not help being good on the violin, and Herr Schluter, as usual, pleased in the song he gave . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Herr Schmidt (violinist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 July 1865), 3 

Whose property has been totally destroyed by fire.
The following Artistes and Amateurs have consented to give their services on the occasion: -
Mrs. Huht, Miss Elliott, and Messrs. P. Berrigen, Bromley, Crawford,
Schmidt, Russom, Schluter, Fred. Kidd, H. Weinberg, Otto, Vorherr, Palmer, Ladd, McKay,
R. B. Bridge, Dr. Wilson, Mr. Groves, and several other Lady and Gentlemen Amateurs
'The Rutherglen Deutsche Liedertafel,' and the world-renowned [REDACTED] Minstrels will also make their appearance . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hermann Vorherr (musician); Henry Weinberg (musician)

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. VAN DER BERG", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (25 December 1865), 2 

Last evening the complimentary benefit concert given to Mr. Van der Berg, by several musical gentlemen, both professional and amateurs, came off in the Star Theatre, Beechworth . . . We cannot speak in too high terms of praise of the performance of the Beechworth Band, which, under the leadership of Herr Schmidt, performed a variety of operatic and classical music in such a manner as to reflect on it the highest credit . . . Herr Schluter presided at the piano, and also gave several songs in his usual tasteful and artistic style . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Van den Berg (publican, musician)

"THE BEECHWORTH PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 August 1867), 2 

Last night this concert from which so much has been expected, owing to the great success of the Philharmonic Society's previous performance, came off at St. George's Hall . . . We were sorry not to hear Mr. Schmidt's solo. There was a little girl who played the piano in accompanying Mr. Schluter's singing - playing not very simple music - and astonished the whole audience. The German Local Musical Society acquitted themselves admirably, as they always do, and in spite of the weakness in numbers of the Beechworth Band they perfectly succeeded, with the kind aid of Mr. Weinberg, in pleasing the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Weinberg (musician); Beechworth Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"OPENING OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH AT EL DORADO", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 June 1870), 2 

The new Church erected by the members of the Roman Catholic body - to whom belongs the credit of having erected the first substantial edifice for public worship at El Dorado - was opened for divine service on Sunday morning . . . A considerable number of visitors from Tarrawingee, Beechworth, and other places, were present, including the members of the choir of St. Joseph, who, under the leadership of Herr Schluter, conducted the musical part of the ceremonies . . .

"HERR SCHLUTER'S BENEFIT CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 August 1872), 4 

This concert, given last night at St. George's Hall, Beechworth, was an unqualified success. The hall was crowded with such an audience as has seldom been seen in Beechworth during the last two or three years, and it must have gratified the beneficiaire to see how many old and new friends assembled to do him honor. The entertainment was of the first class. The comic element of course went down best, and it was well done, but the really artistic music seemed to go over the heads of the audience generally. We may heartily give words of commendation to all the performers. Herr Schluter himself was, aa always, up to the mark, and Mr. Vandenberg made his violin talk to some purpose. Mrs. McKay, Miss Vandenberg, Miss Davidson, and Miss Dwyer sang well and were loudly applauded, Miss Vandenberg also displaying the ability of a real artiste on the piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lena Van den Berg (vocalist, pianist)

"BEECHWORTH POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 April 1874), 2 

On Tuesday (before Mr. Butler, P.M.,) the only business consisted of two applications to hold dances at the Alliance and Victoria Hotels, High Street, both of which were granted, the former to A. Schluter and G. Kirchoff, and the latter to J. Vandenberg and J. Harris.

"HERR SCHLUTER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 April 1876), 2 

Most residents in the Ovens and Murray districts know Herr Schluter, at one time primo-basso to the Italian Opera Company in Melbourne, and for many years a professor of music in these districts. We understand that this gentleman, who has over been foremost in lending his valuable aid whenever asked, is about to get up a concert . . .

"THE RIGHT REV. DR. CRANE AT BENALLA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (2 October 1877), 2 

This Bishop of Sandhurst celebrated High Mass in St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Benalla, on Sunday last . . . The Beechworth choir, under the able leadership of Herr Schluter, were in attendance, and their rendering of Haydn's Mass No. 2 was a treat to those present. St. Joseph's Church, Benalla, hitherto has been without music of any kind; but the worthy pastor (Father Scanlon) has determined that his congregation shall no longer feel this want. The collection on Sunday was in aid of the funds for purchasing a harmonium . . .

"HERR SCHLUTER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 July 1882), 4 

It is in contemplation by the residents of Beechworth to tender a complimentary benefit, in the shape of an amateur concert, at an early date, to Herr Schluter, who is about leaving for Melbourne, after a residence in the district extending over nineteen years, for eighteen of which he has efficiently fulfilled the duties of organist at St. Joseph's Church, and of which position he has been relieved owing to a young lady having been engaged to act in the dual capacity of schoolmistress and organist. The programme of the concert, to assist at which a number of the leading lady and gentlemen amateurs have tendered their services, will appear next week.

"BENEFIT TO HERR SCHLUTER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 May 1885), 8 

The concert organised as a complimentary benefit to Herr Schluter, and held in St. George's Hall, Beechworth, on Friday evening, was not so well attended as it might have been had the weather been more favorable: there being only some hundred persons present . . . It has been suggested that as the result of the concert was not up to expectations, an entertainment of a different character . . . should be tendered as a benefit to Herr Schluter some time during the winter months . . .

"A JOCKEY'S FUNERAL", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 February 1886), 6 

The funeral of the late Jockey, [John] Huht, took place at the Melbourne Cemetery on Saturday, and was very largely attended. The Church of England service was read over the grave in the presence of some thousand people. On hearing the news of her son's awfully sudden death, Mrs. Huht, mother of the deceased lad, was stricken down with grief, and is now so ill that her recovery is doubtful.

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE BEECHWORTH FREE LIBRARY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 July 1892), 2 

. . . After the short interval, the entertainment was resumed by the appearance of the veteran, Herr Schluter, who, in an improvisation, both vocal and instrumental, proved that in spite of his advanced age, there were some sparks of the old artistic fire yet remaining . . .

"DEATHS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1896), 2 

SCHLUTER. - At the Ovens Benevolent Asylum, Beechworth, on the 14th September, 1896, Adolph Schluter, aged 83 years. Four years in the Asylum.

"DEATH OF HERR SCHLUTER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1896), 2 

An old-time resident of Beechworth, and one who by the possession of musical ability of the very highest order had delighted thousands in his time, died in the Ovens Benevolent Asylum on Monday night. This was Herr Adolph Schluter, a native of Hanover, where his father held the position of judge. He was intended for the legal profession, but took a fancy for the stage, and joined a theatrical troupe, leaving his home and friends, and ultimately finding his way to Australia. He had a magnificent bass voice and was an accomplished pianist, and forty years ago these were qualifications rated at a very high value in Victoria. After giving concerts in Melbourne on his own account, Herr Schluter joined the Bianchi Opera Company, and travelled with them through the colonies. He was also one of the first members of the Melbourne Liedertafel, and took part in their earlier concerts. After visiting Beechworth with the Opera Company he remained, accepting an engagement from the late Mr. Frederick Dreyer, and also giving private lessons in music and singing, in which he was eminently successful. Herr Schluter was married, but his wife declined to come to Australia, and being possessed of means remained with her two daughters at Cologne, one daughter afterwards marrying a merchant, and the other a banker of that city. There was, however, a sister, also a most accomplished musician, who accompanied Herr Schluter to Victoria, and came with him to Beechworth, and she married the late Mr. Charles Huht, formerly of Rutherglen. Herr Schluter's wife repeatedly wrote to him begging him to return, but he appeared to be conscious that his Australian experience had been so far a failure that a return to his old home would bring nothing but unpleasant reflections, and he remained in the district. Latterly his old brilliant qualities left him as age crept on, and at last he became so reduced in circumstances as to be glad to find a refuge in the Benevolent Asylum, where, as we have said, he died on Monday.

"DEATHS", Leader (13 July 1912), 55 

HUHT. - On the 4th July, at her late residence, No. 6 Crown-street, Flemington, Alwine Huht, dearly beloved mother of Mrs. Stinton, and the late John Huht, aged 85 years. Private interment.

Bibliography and resources:

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Opera-Opera/Pellinor, 1999), 93, 101, 104, 106, 108, 110, 115, 250


Amateur tenor vocalist, founder member (1858) of Adelaide Liedertafel

Born Germany, c. 1836
? Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 September 1851 (per Herder, from Bremen, 4 June)
Died Kent Town, SA, 30 March 1873, aged "37" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DISAMBIGUATION: Adolph Schluter (professional vocalist, active VIC and NSW, d. 1896) (above)


"PRESENTATION AND DINNER", South Australian Register (17 March 1873), 5 

Mr. Adolph Schlüter, who has been for over 21 years in the employ of the proprietors of this paper, and for a long time has acted as an overseer in the job printing department, having through the partial failure of his health been compelled to vacate his situation, was on Saturday, March 15, presented by Messrs. Andrews, Thomas, and Clark, with a handsome inkstand in recognition of his lengthened and faithful services. The gift consists of an emu egg, massively mounted with frosted silver, beautifully worked. The ink vessel is surrounded by figures of an emu, a kangaroo, and a blackfellow and his lubra. The article came from the establishment of Mr. J. M. Wendt. In the evening of the same day a complimentary dinner was given to Mr. Schlüter at the Clarence Hotel by his fellow-workmen; and the company, which numbered between 30 and 40 persons, included the heads of most of the departments in these offices, also various other employees of the firm, principally those whose duties have brought them often into contact with the guest. Various toasts were proposed and responded to, including that of Mr. Schlüter's health, and a pleasing feature of the affair was the presentation to that gentleman of a handsome address from those connected with the Jobbing Offices. Numerous songs and recitations were given and an enjoyable evening was spent. The dinner was provided by Mr. F. Lindrum, and did him great credit, especially when it was considered that the notice he received was very short. The wish has been generally expressed that with cessation of work Mr. Schlüter's health may be completely restored.

"DEATH", South Australian Register (31 March 1873), 4 

SCHLUTER. - On the 30th March, at Kent Town, of heart disease, Mr. Adolph Schlüter, aged 37 years.

"DEATH OF MR. ADOLPH SCHLUTER", Evening Journal (31 March 1873), 2 

A fortnight ago we published a notice of a farewell entertainment given by employees in the Register office on the occasion of the retirement through ill-health of Mr. Adolph Sehliiter, an overseer in the Jobbing Department, and the obituary column to-day records his death from heart disease. Although he has long suffered from this malady his early decease was quite unexpected. He was in the employ of the proprietors of this establishment for nearly 22 years.

"THE ADELAIDE LIEDERTAFEL", The Register (22 September 1908), 6 

From "One of the Originators": - "The interesting account of the growth and progress of the Adelaide Liedertafel, as given in The Register of September 17, is worthy of a little further elucidation. The original founders were all members of the Deutscher Club, which used to meet at the Hotel Europe, at the corner of Gawler place and Grenfell street. A party of younger members who, under the leadership of Herr Carl Linger, carried out the musical programme of the club, having had a slight dissension with some of the older and less hilarious members, broke away from the Deutscher Club altogether, and assembled at the Hamburg Hotel, where they were heartily welcomed by "Father" Kopke. A set of rules having been drawn up and passed, Mr. Fritz Armbruster was elected President, and Mr. Schluter hon. secretary and librarian. The leadership was again undertaken by Herr Linger, and the members were:

First tenors, Messrs. Julius Eitzen, Nitsche, Reinhardt, and Schluter; second tenors, Messrs. Louis Maraun, Nettlebeck, and F. Wurm; first basses, Messrs. Oscar Ziegler, Braun, Schlemich, and Bielefeld; second basses, Messrs. F. Armbruster, Schierenbeck, and Eimer.

Thus in September, 1858, the Adelaide Liedertafel was founded; and from then on, under the conductorship of the beloved leader and under fresh and unrestrained conditions, was formed a new brotherhood . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Linger (conductor, leader); Hermann Nettlebeck (tenor vocalist); Louis Frederick Wurm (tenor vocalist); Oskar Ziegler (bass vocalist); Frederick Armbruster (president, bass vocalist); Johann Wilhelm Schierenbeck (bass vocalist); Adelaide Liedertafel (organisation)



Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1886 (from New Zealand) (shareable link to this entry)



"WHAT'S IN A NAME", The Mercury (17 July 1884), 2s

A New Zealand exchange announces that Her Felix Schmellitscheck is announced to make his appearance at two concerts shortly, and is a violinist of considerable repute. He is a graduate of the Stuttgart Conservatory, and latterly he received instruction from the world-renowned violinist, Herr Wilhelmj, who recognised his ability warmly. Herr Schmellitscheck's departure for this colony from West Germany was referred to as follows by a local journal:-

"Following on the departure of Professor Wilhelmj, the great master of the violin, comes another great loss to our musical circles in the person of the very highly esteemed and excellent violin virtuoso, Herr Schmellitscheck, who, on the recommendation of Herr Wilhelmj, is leaving for New Zealand. Herr Wilhelmj has presented him with a beautiful instrument, and he will start on his tour in a few days. We cannot let one who has done so much to delight every lover of good music leave us without expressing our good will and heartfelt wishes for his future success."

'Tis true, "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet," and Herr Schmellitscheck may in philosophic mood submit to the inevitable changes which will be rung upon his name among his new colonial acquaintances.

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (9 April 1886), 1

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1893), 8

SCHMELLITSCHECK - MEYER. - December 22, at German Church, Sydney, by Rev. George Schenk, Felix Schmellitscheck to Emma Meyer.

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

"THE QUINLAN CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1913), 9


Musician, violinist

Born ? Germany, c. 1827 / or c. 1836
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1854 (per Sophie, from Hamburg, aged "21")
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1861
Died Beechworth, VIC, 11 January 1868, aged "41" (registered "32") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The death of a Henry Scmidt [sic] was registered at Beechworth, VIC, in 1868, at the recorded age of 32. There were several musicians named Schmidt active in Victoria in the 1850s, and it is not until the 1860s that the Beechworth musician can be positively identified.

One very large party of German musician immigrants, including two Schmidts, arrived in Melbourne on the Sophie in August 1854. For the record, the full list is transcribed here.

List of emigrants, per Sophie, from Hamburg, arrived Melbourne, August 1854; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Heinrich Kersten / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 28 / Johanna [Kersten] / 23
Georg Kienemann / Goslar / Hannover / Musiker / 17
Ferdinand Pape / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 26 / Christiane [Pape] / 24
Heinrich Schmidt / Salzgitter/ Hannover / Musiker / 21
Wilhelm Schmidt / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 19
Wilhelm Winckler / Liebenburg / Hannover / Musiker / 17
Carl Billig / Lindau / Hannover / Musiker / 29
Anton Blume / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 31 / Francisca [Blume] / 33
Friedrich Vespermann / Gross Rieden / Hannover / Musiker / 21
Heinrich Schrader / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 20
Heinrich Vespermann / Gross Rieden / Hannover / Musiker / 18
Christian Ragebrand / Steinlade / Hannover / Musiker / 17
Heinrich Struss / Gross Rieden / Hannover / Musiker / 16
August Marguard / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 40 / Marguard Wme. / 41
Heinrich Seeger / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 20 . . .
August Heine / Clausthal / Hannover / Musiker / 22 . . .
Andrews Wetter / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 30 . . .
August Wagener / Salzgitter / Hannover / Musiker / 14

DISAMBIGUATIONS: Heinrich Schrader in this list not to be confused with Heinrich Schrader (1832-1880), originally from Braunschweig; see also Jacob Schmidt (musician) below; and Henry Seeger (musician)


? [Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (26 May 1855), 6 

MUSIC SALOON, El Dorado Hotel, High-street, Beechworth.
Grand Concert Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, under the patronage of
R. O'H. BURKE, ESQ., J.P., And the Stewards of the Races.
On Monday, May 28th, 1855, For the benefit of Messrs. Peck and Saqui.
THE following professionals and amaters [sic] have kindly offered their valuable services, and will during the evening sing and perform a choice collection of the most popular Overtures, Solos, Duets, Chorusses, Fantasias, &c., &c.:
Signor Rangoni, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Ellar, Mr. Small, Mr. Geo. Smith, Mr. Peter Bruce, Mr. Hewitt, Mr. Hurley, Herr Schmidt,
In addition to Messrs. Peck and Saqui.
The best arrangements will he made for the comfort of ladies and families visiting this Concert, by a Committee of Management.
Mr. Ellar will sing Beethoven's magnificent solo, 'Adelaide,' acknowledged to be the most superb vocal composition in existence.
Messrs. Peck and Saqui will perform a brilliant duet, for violin and piano, variations on the favourite opera, Le Pre Aux Clercs, by De Beriot and Osborne.
Mr. Peter Bruce will perform a grand Invocation of Scottish National Music, on the Scotch Pipes, in full Highland costume, as played before the Duke of Buccleuch and the whole court of Queen Victoria, in Scotland.
Mr. Peck will perform Paganini's celebrated Burlesque Variations on the Carnival of Venice, Also his own favourite fantasia on popular airs, introducing 'Auld Robin Gray,' 'Comin thro' the Rye,' 'Sally in our Alley,' and 'When the Swallows.'
Mr. Saqui will play a solo on the piano, introducing the imitation of a musical box, and sing some of his admired songs.
Leader and Solo Violin, Mr. Peck. Flute, Mr. Johnson; Cornet a Piston, Herr Schmidt; Second Violin, Mr. Hurley; Basso, Mr. Thompson; Trombone, Signor Rangoni.
Mr. Saqui will preside at the piano-forte.
Doors open at half-past seven o'clock; concert to commence at eight precisely. For particulars see programme.
Admission, by tickets only, 5s. each; reserved seats, 7s. 6d.; to be had at the principal stores and hotels.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (violinist); Austin Saqui (pianist); Robert O'Hara Burke (patron); Julius Henry Ellar (vocalist); Peter Bruce (bagpiper); Antonio Rangoni (trombone)

? [Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

Paying at all times the deference which is due to the opinions of such an important organ for the dissemination of truth as the Press . . .
The new operas produced by us at the Princess's Theatre have been acknowledged by all musical judges to be the best hitherto attempted in this young colony . . . Our Artistes are practised on the London and Parisian boards, our Musical Conductors have held the positions they now occupy in the Opera Houses in London; in the Orchestra we have musicians among the best obtainable, not only here, but in any part of the world; and yet by Mr. Neild, the reporter, an impression of our inefficiency has been created in the public mind, through the medium of the columns of the Argus and Examiner, which has been of serious injury to our undertaking . . .
Our position and professional efforts being thus at the mercy of a person, who hides ignorance under the mask of facetiousness, we call upon the public in future to give their own verdict on our merits, and not to place any credence in the statements made by Mr Neild in the columns of the Argus and Examiner.
L. H. Lavenu, Linly Norman . . . E. King, H. Megson, S. Chapman, Julius Siede, J. C. Thompson, H. Schmidt, M. Josephson, J. T. Hore, T. McCoy, Henry J. King . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Edward Neild (reviewer); Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Linly Norman (assistant conductor), the others above all orchestra members

? [Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (24 January 1859), 3

THEATRE ROYAL. First Night of English Opera.
First appearance at this Theatre of those popular vocalists:
Conductor - LINLY NORMAN.
THE Orchestra has been powerfully increased, and will include the names of the following eminent performers: -
First violin, Mr. J. Paltzer; second violin, Herr Schmidt; tenor, Herr Weiderman; double-bass, Mr. Hardman; flute, Herr Seide;
clarionet, T. King, who has kindly consented to play that instrument during the production of Opera;
Cornets, Messrs. Sims & Hore; sax-tuba, Mr. J. Hore; drums and cymbals, Mr. Quin.
Piano - Linly Norman. An Efficient Chorus has been Engaged.
THIS EVENING, MONDAY Will be produced Balfe's world famed Opera, THE BOHEMIAN GIRL . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); Octavia Hamilton (vocalist); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); William Francis Sayer (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Linly Norman (musical director); Jacques Paltzer (violinist); Traugott Wiedemann (viola); Daniel Hardman (double bass); Julius Siede (flute); Thomas King (clarinet); Hore family (brass players)

? [Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (14 February 1860), 3 

SCHMIDT'S Celebrated String Band, late playing in Macord's Commercial Hotel, is now open for engagement. Apply Hamburg Hotel.

"CONCERT OF LAST FRIDAY EVENING", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 September 1861), 3 

To say that this, long looked for performance passed off creditably, would not be saying perhaps very much in praise of the exertions that have been made by those ladies and gentlemen who interested themselves in the matter . . . but the charm was in the fact of its novelty, and being a novelty, that the whole affair passed off without any of those contratempts, which are almost inseparable accompaniments of first attempts. Of the band we feel inclined to say more than, under the circumstances, we anticipated, the members of it being professionals; but we cannot refrain from expressing our opinion, that this part of the performance would have done credit to any concert in the metropolis itself; especially must we notice Herr Schmidt's violin playing, which we regard as second only to that of Miska Hauser, who doubtless holds the first place amongst colonial Paganini's. To Mr. W. H. Barnard the public are indebted, not alone for an evening's rational recreation, but for an effort to improve our congregational music. Those ladies who consented to come forward on the occasion, while, they alike conferred a favor, and very creditably supported the reputation of Mr. Barnard's classes, as conducted on the Hullah system . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miska Hauser (violinist); William Henry Barnard (singing class instructor)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 September 1861), 3 

THE BEECHWORTH BAND, WHO have on many occasions given their gratuitous services for the promotion of objects of public interest.
The Evening's Amusement will consist of a GRAND PROMENADE VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT.
Messrs. Chevalier, Shackell, Smith, and other amateurs, have kindly volunteered their assistance to the Band, which will comprise 12 performers, among whom will be found Herr Schmidt, the celebrated Violinist, and Herr Schluter, the well-known Pianist and Vocalist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Adolph Schluter (pianist, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 August 1862), 3 

Woolshed Hotel! Jacob Van den Berg AT the great desire of his friends intends to give an
OPENING Free Ball, Concert and Supper, ON Friday, 5th September,
For which occasion, JOVIAL JOHNSON, HERR SCHMIDT, The celebrated Violinist, And the following Musicians are engaged
First Violin - Herr Schmidt
Second Violin - J. Van den Berg
Bass - A. Fruarhan
Clarionet - Brenham
Flute - Pape
Cornet a Piston - W. Burke
Harp - Herr Lemgemeir
Trombone - August.
Leader of the Band - Herr Schmidt.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Van den Berg (violinist, publican)

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 June 1863), 2 

We believe we are correct in stating that there is a musical treat in reserve for Beechworth and the district generally surpassing anything that we have had for many years. We have all, especially those of us who have been accustomed to music, felt a want which our infant Philharmonic Society purposes to supply. For a length of time they have been quietly but regularly practising under Mr. Schmidt, the celebrated violinist. From outward pressure, although diffident their own proficiency, it is likely they will be induced to acquiesce in giving us a feast of music on an early evening; and as almost all the professionals of the district have, unsolicited, notified their desire to assist on the occasion, we are quite sure the opportunity of hearing really good music will not be thrown away. With the promised assistance there will be a full orchestra, probably not less than twenty instruments. We believe the object of the society is to assist the local charities on every occasion.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (27 June 1863), 2 

It is evident, that out youthful Philharmonic Society is proceeding with great vigor in its preparations for the opening concert. Bills are posted through the town, giving the programme, which is an excellent one, and tickets are to be seen in any of the shop windows. We are promised Mozart's Twelfth Mass, than which a grander production there scarcely exists, an overture and chorus, from Balfe's Satanella, new probably to most of the audience. We are also to have a rich treat in four solos, by Herr Schmidt, on the violin, so whoever stays away on Wednesday night, - can any one be absent - will miss a genuine feast of music. Some of the amateurs are, we hear, a little nervous . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 July 1863), 2 

Beechworth was stirred to its very centre on last Wednesday evening by, apparently, a very simple matter. The display at the Town Hall on that evening, however, proved that there was a peculiar significance felt to be attached to it. A number of ladies and gentlemen - some of the latter being professionals - had a few months since formed themselves into a Musical Society, and they determined on the night in question to give the public the result of their spirited attempt. A most astonishing success was the consequence, the extraordinary proficiency of the performers being fully recognised by the number and enthusiasm of the audience . . . no notice of the Concert would be complete without mention being made of Herr SCHMIDT's exquisite performance on the violin, and the manner in which he has instructed his pupils. Mr. GRIFFITHS, and Mr. RUXTON also deserves much praise for their masterly execution on the violin and piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Griffith (violinist); Henri W. Ruxton (pianist); Beechworth Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"HERR SCHMIDT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (2 July 1864), 2 

We are glad to find that this highly talented professor of music, who has been for some time suffering from a violent rheumatic attack, is again convalescent, as shown by his performing at Mr. Dreyer's ball on Thursday evening. The return of Mr. Schmidt was as cordially welcomed as his temporary absence was regretted.

"STANLEY GERMAN SINGING CLUB", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (4 May 1865), 2 

On Sunday next the above club, we are informed, will meet at Hurdle Flat in the afternoon for the purpose of singing some fine pieces of sacred music. We admire the spirit and perseverance displayed by our German friends in this matter, and may remark that those who have never heard them sing in company can form not the slightest idea of the pleasing effect produced by their united voices. The high degree of excellence at which the club in question has arrived is mainly owing to the very superior musical talent and the unwearied exertions of Herr Schmidt, whom they have been fortunate enough to secure as their director.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (13 May 1865), 3 

THE BEECHWORTH QUADRILLE COMPANY will meet on Thursday next, 18th instant, at the Star Theatre.
HERR SCHMIDT, Conductor.

"MR. SIPP", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (8 July 1865), 3 

The concert given at the Star Theatre, last night, by Mr. R. Sipp was a great success . . . The 'Fantasia Religiosa' on the Huegenots, by Thalberg, was a real master piece, and was rendered with due expression. Mr. Sipp rendered this in a manner that no person, who had not heard Thalberg, the great master himself, could have conceived . . . Mr. Sipp is the best player we ever heard in Beechworth. Herr Schmidt played better than we have ever before heard him, and Herr Schluter contributed a great deal to render the concert a treat in the real acceptation of the word.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rudolph Sipp (pianist)

"AMATEUR DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (13 October 1866), 2 

Although not inconveniently crowded on Thursday evening, yet the Star Theatre was well filled, the occasion being a performance by members of the Beechworth Amateur Dramatic Society, in aid of the funds of the Benevolent Asylum . . . We must not omit to mention that the Beechworth Band of about ten performers under the leadership of Herr Schmidt gave their services and added most materially to the success of the performance. A number of selections from various operas were well played and the opening overture "Zampa" especially so.

A GRAND Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT
Will take place at BISSE'S ALBION HOTEL, Conness-street, Chiltern,
On Tuesday, May 7th, 1867, In aid of the funds of the OVENS DISTRICT HOSPITAL . . .
Mr. H. Schmidt - Mr. D. Palmer
" H. Weinberg - " H. Vorherr
" E. Russom - " Fred. Bisse
" C. Esther - " W. Otto
" - August " - A. Schluter
Assisted by the Cornish Glee Club.
Band - 1. Overture, "Zampa," by Herold, arranged by H. Bonn.
2. Glee, "Call where the Breezes."
3. Song, by Miss D. Bisse, "Farewell, it ever fondest prayer; " music by Bellini.
Band - 4. "Des Teufels Anthiel," by D. F. E. Auber, arranged by P. Roth.
5. "Merry May," song, by Mr. H. Harris.
Band - 6. "Martha," by Flotow, arranged by P. Roth.
7. Song, by Miss D. Bisse, assisted by the Cornish Glee Club.
Interval of fifteen minutes.
Band - 1. Overture, "Otello," by G. Rossini, arranged by F. Strauss.
2. Glee, "Fisherman's Glee."
3. Quartette, by Gentlemen of the Band.
4. Duet, by Miss D. Busse and Mr. H. Harris, "What are the Wild Waves Saying" music by S. Glover, words by T. E. Carpenter.
Band - 5. "Alessandro Stradella," by F. Flotow, arranged by P. Roth.
6. Song, by Mr. A. Schluter.
7. "God Save the Queen," by the Company.
Admission 3s. Doors open at half-past seven o'clock, to commence at eight o'clock sharp.
Tickets to be had at the Albion, and all the principal Hotels, Chiltern.

ASSOCIATIONS: Herman Vorherr (amateur musician); Carl Esther (amateur musician); Henry Weinberg (musician)

"THE BEECHWORTH PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 August 1867), 2 

Last night this concert from which so much has been expected, owing to the great success of the Philharmonic Society's previous performance, came off at St. George's Hall . . . We were sorry not to hear Mr. Schmidt's solo . . . The German Local Musical Society acquitted themselves admirably, as they always do, and in spite of the weakness in numbers of the Beechworth Band they perfectly succeeded, with the kind aid of Mr. Weinberg, in pleasing the audience . . .

"DEATH OF MR. SCHMIDT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 January 1868), 2 

It is with real regret we record the death of Mr. Schmidt, the violinist, which took place at Beechworth on Saturday last. Strange as it may seem to many persons - not strange to us - the news of Mr. Schmidt's death was received as if it had made a great vacancy amongst us. We do not know any country town whose people are more musical than the Beechworth people, and when Mr. Schmidt appeared in public they could always hear real music. Besides, without mixing much with people, Mr. Schmidt had won great good will by his generous disposition and simple manners. His funeral took place on Sunday, and was certainly a most touching spectacle. The hearse, proceeded by a band playing the most solemn music, the Rev. Mr. Howard riding in front, and several hundred people of all classes following in procession, or accompanying the hearse to the cemetery, presented something quite uncommon in Beechworth, and was very sad, grave, and suggestive. We have buried poor Mr. Schmidt, let us bury with him the remembrance of a single fault which proceeded from the very simplicity and geniality which so often accompanies peculiar genius - a genius which in his case so often delighted and elevated us. We understand that a monument is to be erected over Mr. Schmidt's grave by his friends, and surely we were all his friends.

"COUNTRY NEWS", The Age (16 January 1868), 7 

THE SUDDEN DEATH, on Saturday last, of Herr Schmidt, the well-known violinist, of Beechworth, and the most skilful musician in the Ovens district, seems to have excited much local regret. Besides the possession of a very thorough knowledge of music, he was an amiable and gentlemanly man. He was forty-one years of age.

"MONUMENT TO THE LATE HERR SCHMIDT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 January 1868), 2 

A vocal and instrumental concert, for which all the local talent has been made available, and which promises to be one of the best ever given in this portion of the colony, will take place in the Star Theatre, Beechworth, this evening, the proceeds to be devoted towards the fund being raised for the erection of a monument to the memory of the rate Herr Schmidt. Independent of the laudable object for which it is given, the concert from its intrinsic merits is certain to be worthy of the patronage of the public, and we trust to see the exertions made by the professionals to do honor to the memory of their departed brother ably seconded. The members of the German Vocal Union and a number of ladies and gentlemen amateurs have kindly volunteered their services, and that nothing may be wanting to make the affair as attractive as possible, a pleasant dance at the conclusion of the concert is announced.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 January 1868), 3 

GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT Will be given, on the above date, in aid of the funds for the erection of a
Monument to the Memory of the late Herr Schmidt.
The BAND will comprise the following gentlemen, who have kindly volunteered their services: -
1st Violins - Herr WEINBERG and VAN DEN BERG
2nd Do - Herr BAUSCHMAN and Mr. WATTS
Tenor - Mr. E. S. RUSSOM
Violincellos - Mr. MORRIS and Herr OTTO
Contre Basses - Herr ESTHER and GERCKE
Cornets - Herr SCHMIDT and BURKE
Clarinet - Herr VORHERR
Flute - Herr BUSSE
Flageolet - Mr. HENRI RUXTON
Cornos - Messrs. PALMER and GEORGE
'Trombone - Herr HARTMAN
Drums - Herr RUDOLPH
Conductor, Herr SCHLUTER
Full particulars in Programmes.
Doors open at half past seven. Performance to commence at eight o'clock.
Admission - Front seats, 3s ; back do, 2s.
P. C. BURKE, Hon. Sec.
N.B. - Tickets for the above entertainment will be available for a Dance at the close of the Concert.
The entire strength of the Band has kindly consented to perform at the same.
Tickets to be had at the Principal Hotels.

"HERR SCHMIDT'S MONUMENT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 February 1868), 2 

A concert in aid of the funds for the erection of a monument to the memory of the late Herr Schmidt was given by some of his brother artists on Thursday evening, at the Star Theatre, Beechworth. The attendance was large, but not crowded; and we were astonished to miss the well-known faces of several persons of taste from the theatre on such an occasion. We should have thought that the pleasure which Mr. Schmidt has so frequently afforded the fastidious in such matters often, very often, gratuitously, would have in itself induced their attendance; and even, if they were not influenced by this general feeling, it was to be hoped that their love of really good music would have attracted them. Such music, indeed, as was rendered by the band in the Overture to "Zampa," in the March in "Figaro," and in the Crystal Palace Waltzes, we have never heard in the district. But it could scarcely have been otherwise, as all the real professional talent, within one hundred miles at all events, was employed in the performance. We can scarcely specify all the particulars of so agreeable an entertainment in the hurry of electioneering time, but there are some particulars we cannot pass over. The performance of Miss Van den Berg was remarkably good for a child of her age. It is not merely that the execution is good, but she displayed considerable taste in the piece she played on being encored in the first part. Mr. Weinberg's violin playing is familiar to most of us, and we think him the nearest successor to the late Mr. Schmidt. Mr. Burke never played the cornet better; and a lady amateur sang very well, but through nervousness was a little flat, we fancied. Some of her lower notes were more than usually soft and good. We heard that in private - being of course not nervous - she sings with great truth, taste, and feeling, and we can quite believe it. We hope to hear her in public on some future occasion, as her nervousness will gradually wear off. But decidedly the best part of the entertainment was the performance of the full band, which was admirable. We can only say that when ever the Beechworth people want a feast of music, they may now be assured that the material is within their reach. We have not the least doubt that although the performance was not financially as great a success as it deserved to be, the funds for an appropriate monument over the grave of poor Schmidt will be forthcoming.

ASSOCIATIONS: Peter Constantine Burke (organising secretary, cornet player); Edward Stephenson Russom (viola player, police officer)



Active Sydney, NSW, by c. 1850; until c. 1862

SCHMIDT, Charles (Carl) = Charles SMITH
SCHMIDT, Christopher = Christopher SMITH
SCHMIDT, Frederick = Frederick SMITH
SCHMIDT, Gottfriedt = Gottfriedt SMITH (Godfrey SMITH)
SCHMIDT, Hendrick = Henry SMITH
SCHMIDT, Lisette = Lisette SMITH


Dancer, choreographer, ballet master

Born c. 1830

NOTE: Pask and later sources (including Love 1981) gave Schmidt's forename as Jules; however, I have not yet found supporting evidence for that; a Jules Schmidt was the famous cornet player, Herr Schmidt, active in England in Louis Jullien's band

SCHMIDT, Therese (Thérèse SCHMIDT; Mademoiselle THÉRÈSE; Therese SCHMIDT)


Born c. 1832

Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by August 1858
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, after November 1862
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 4 October 1867 (per Ruahine, from Panama, 24 August, via Wellington)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, after June 1872 (for New Zealand) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1858), 8

First Appearance in the Australian Colonies of MADEMOISELLE THERESE AND MONSIEUR SCHMIDT,
From Her Majesty's Theatre, the Royal Italian Opera House, London, and Porte St. Martin, Paris . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (9 August 1858), 5 

This evening, after an interregnum of two months, the Theatre, Royal will be re-opened for dramatic entertainments . . . A new comedy . . . is announced for the first three evenings of the week, together with a Terpsichorean Festival. Iu addition to the efficient ballet troupe at this theatre, Mr. Coppin has effected an engagement with Mdlle. Therese, and M. Schmidt, who arrived here recently from California.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (manager); Theatre Royal (Melbourne)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (10 August 1858), 4

. . . at his house last night . . . After the comedy came a ballet entertainment, in which Fraulein Fannie, the Leopold Family, Mademoiselle Thérèse, and M. Schmidt took part. The two latter are new to the colonial stage, and made a favorable impression. Mademoiselle Thérèse is a graceful dancer; quiet in style an excelling in posé and repose; more flexible than agile, and relying more upon beauty of attitude than vivacity of motion or striking tours de force . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Leopold family (dancers)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (7 December 1858), 5

"The Painter's Illusion" is the title of a new ballet by Mons. Schmidt, produced for the first time last night. It introduced to us a no less distinguished a parson than the great master Murillo, who, as the curtain rises upon his studio, is observed giving the last finishing touches to the subject upon his easel before him . . . Mademoiselle Therese sustains the principal part in this pretty little composition. She executes several dances with the most graceful precision, and yet with remarkable elasticity and freedom. Madame Strebinger also contributes not a little to the completeness of the piece; and Miss Earl affords additional reason to foretell that at no very distant period she will take a foremost place in the Victorian ballet.

ASSOCIATIONS: Therese Strebinger (dancer); Tilly Earl (dancer, actor)

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (7 February 1859), 5

. . . on Saturday night . . . At the Princess's an incomprehensible "melodramatic spectacle" was produced for the specific purpose of permitting the debut of two magnificent lions. These very interesting animals (at a distance) were secured in a large cage extending quite across the stage . . . Additional interest was communicated by the interpolation of a prettily arranged dance by Mademoiselle Therese and Mons. Schmidt. The efforts of this lady and gentleman, however, were but ill-seconded by the band, which, with an independence that might be justifiable under other circumstances, determined to play without reference to the little ballet enacted in front of them, and if the terpsichorean executants had not possessed more skill than those in the orchestra, the elegant attitudes of Mademoiselle might have been transformed into an involuntary pas grotesque . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Princess Theatre (Melbourne)

"PRINCESS THEATRE", The Argus (19 March 1859), 5

The double novelty of a ballet and a farce, both performed for the first time in Melbourne, was presented last night. "The Evening Star" is the title of the first. The spectator is, we presume, to imagine a charming creature in blue, who is floating upon a lake, to be a very bright planet which has descended from its celestial orbit to this gross earth, for the purpose of agreeable recreation. In this last is included the capture of the heart of a susceptible count or other dignitary, who, finding the planet in an apartment of his palace, makes violent love to it, dances with it, and finally loses it; but, being desperate, finds it, and follows it to a secluded spot, where it ascends to the heavens upon a square cloud, leaving the enamored count stricken to the earth with despair. Attendant upon this astral apotheosis are several celestial bodies of lesser magnitude. They are to be supposed in a state of imperfect development, judging from the crudity of their make up, and the uncertainty of their movements. Mademoiselle Therese was the "Evening Star." It is impossible to overpraise the light, airy gracefulness with which she executed the various movements included in this ballet. Monsieur Schmidt personated the count with becoming saltatory propriety, and there was a little of the buffo element introduced by a gentleman, whose chief quality seemed to be to intrude exactly when he was not wanted . . .

List of passengers, per Wonga Wonga, from Melbourne, 13 June 1859, for Sydney; (DIGITISED)

Salon . . . Mons. Schmidt / 29 // Mad'e Schmidt / 27 . . .

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS. JUNE 15", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1859), 4 

Wonga Wonga (s.), 700 tons, Captain Walker, from Melbourne 13th Instant. Passengers . . . Mons. and Madame Schmidt . . .

MUSIC. THE OPERA - PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1859), 5 

The first performance of what may now certainly be called the Operatic Season, took place at the Prince of Wales on Saturday night. The house was filled throughout by the admirers of the lyric drama, to witness the representation of Signor Verdi's Trovatore - the opera selected for the opening, and, from the universal applause which followed the termination of each morceau, the production may be regarded as something more than a mere succes d'estime. There were, undoubtedly, many difficulties to overcome before the corps operatique could be brought to that degree of discipline which is essential to a complete rendering of concerted music; yet Mr. Lavenu, by dint of severe drilling has managed to bring all well under the guidance of his baton . . . On the conclusion of the opera, which occupied three hours and a half in performing, with less delay between the acts than is usually the case, there was a short ballet in which Madame Therese and M. Schmidt were the principal dancers, and certainly, their performance - for chasteness, elegance, and finish - would not be unworthy of the boards of the Italian Opera in London. The opera and ballet will be repeated to-morrow night, and it is understood, that Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays are to be set apart for the lyric drama.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney)

"THE OLYMPIC", Northern Times [Newcastle, NSW] (27 August 1859), 2 

Mdlle. Therese took her benefit an Thursday. . . "The Child of the Air," the premier danseuse and M. Schmidt acquitted themselves remarkably well. We have never seen the lady to greater advantage. She danced with wonderful grace and ease, and thoroughly realised to the spectators the "poetry of motion" . . .

"THEATRICALS. PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 September 1859), 2 

. . . To-night, the Opera of Il Trovatore will be again brought out by request. Madlle. Therese and Monsieur Schmidt terminate the entertainments each evening with one of their delightful ballets gaining hosts of admirers nightly.

ASSOCIATIONS: Following the unexpected death of Lavenu in August, Charles Packer took over as conductor of the opera at the Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (19 September 1859), 150 

September 14. Wonga Wonga (s), 700 tons, Captain David Walker, for Melbourne. Passengers . . . Mons. Schmidt, Madame Therese . . .

[News], The Argus (27 September 1859), 5

After an absence of some months, Mdlle. Therese and M. Schmidt, the two best dancers in these colonies, made their re-appearance at the Olympic Theatre last night in a new Spanish divertissement, "La Maja di Seviglia." A most flattering reception was accorded to Mdlle. Therese, who, by her execution of the original "spider dance," proved that she has rather added to than lost the powers of graceful execution for which she obtained her earlier celebrity in Melbourne. She was most charmingly dressed. M. Schmidt was also much applauded, and both artistes were called before the curtain at the end of the divertissement.

"INGLEWOOD (FROM A CORRESPONDENT)", Bendigo Advertiser (2 August 1860), 3 

. . . Both theatres are now open At the Royal, Mr. and Mrs. Heir have been drawing crowded houses; their engagement terminates on Saturday. At the Pavilion, which was lately purchased by Mr. Josh. Phillips, a very interesting ballet troupe is now performing, consisting of Mdle. Therese, Mons. Schmidt, Mdle. Louise, and Mons. Durhang [sic, Dherang].

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (27 December 1860), 5 

The Theatre Royal presented a right good English appearance last night, as a theatre ought to do on the first night of a Christmas pantomime . . . The plum-pudding of the evening was of Mr. W. M. Akhurst's making, and rejoiced in the name of "Little Jack Horner (the original hero of the Corner), or Harlequin Ignorance and the magic mince pie" . . . In the first scene we are introduced to the waste lands of the fairy dominion, wherein, we meet with Progressa (Miss Earle); and Retrogressa (Miss Fanny Young), who indulge in some neat exchanges of word play, and then give place to a fairy pas de trois between Mesdames Therese and Strebinger, and M. Schmidt . . . The transformation scene is very fine, and reflects the highest credit on the scenic artist, Mr. Hennings. The stage is then left clear to Mr. Schmidt (Harlequin), Mdlle. Therese (Columbine), M. Dherang (Pantaloon), Mr. J. Chambers (Clown), and Madame Strebinger (Harlequina). The usual fun, frolic, and agility are displayed; and the affair winds up with a gorgeous scene, bearing the no less gorgeous title of "Palace of Invention, and Home of the Giant Fuchsias."

ASSOCIATIONS: William Mower Akhurst (playwright); Joseph Chambers (dancer)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 July 1861), 8

THEATRE ROYAL, Sole Lessee and Director, W. S. Lyster.
Last Night but Two of Lyster's Grand Opera Company.
Conductor, A. Reiff, jun.
THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, JULY 25, Great Success of the Australian Opera by S. H. Marsh, Esq., entitled,
INCIDENTAL BALLET, In which Mons. Schmidt, Madlle. Therese, Mdme. Strebinger, and Mr. Chambers will appear.
New Scenery by Mr. J. Hennings. To conclude with the Ballet Divertissement, By Mons. Schmidt, DIANA and ENDYMION.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Saurin Lyster (manager); Stephen Hale Marsh (composer); Lyster Opera Company (troupe)

"THE OPERA", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (26 August 1861), 4 

The past week of the Operatic campaign has been signalised by the production of two of Verdi's most favourite works, La Traviata and II Trovatore; in both instances with the most unequivocal success . . . The production of II Trovatore on Friday evening proved to be the most successful operation of the present season . . . A new classical divertissement "Diane et Les Satyrs," to the success of which the excellent dancing of Madame Therese and M. Schmidt largely contributed, formed the concluding entertainment of the evening. The clever whimsicalities of Mr. Chambers and his coadjutor, Mr. Flexmore, are also worthy of especial notice . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1

LYSTER'S Grand Italian and English Opera Company. Conductor - A. Reiff, jun.
THIS (Thursday) EVENING, August 29, will be produced with new scenery, machinery, costumes, and decorations (for the first time in Now South Wales), William Vincent Wallace's great masterpiece, the romantic opera, in three acts, of
LURLINE! . . . To conclude with a new ballet divertissement,
supported by Mdlle. Therese, Monsieur Schmidt, Monsieur Chambers, and Mr. Flexmore, jun . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anthony Reiff (conductor)

"THE CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1861), 5

. . . The managers of the Royal Victoria Theatre have made every effort to provide a pantomimic spectacle not below the exigencies of the occasion, and it must be frankly admitted that their exertions have been crowned with unequivocal success. In point of scenery, mechanical arrangements, a judicious cast of character, and genuine fun, the pantomime of Aladdin, or the Wonderful Scamp, is undoubtedly equal to anything of the kind ever yet produced in the colony, its agremens being still further enhanced by the first appearance of a young and fascinating actress - Miss Earl - whose personal attractions and talents have put everybody on the qui vive . . . The Chinese ballet, which follows this merry version of the old fairy tale, was invented and arranged by M. Schmidt. The corps de ballet are fully equal to the parts respectively assigned to them, and are not at present to be surpassed in these colonies. The music of the entire entertainment is composed and arranged by Mr. Charles Eigenschenck, the burlesque being produced under the general direction of Mr. Rayner . . . The Clown of the Ballet is Mr. J. Chambers, the Pantaloon, Mr. Hasker, the Harlequin, M. Schmidt, the Columbine, Mademoiselle Therese, and the Sprite, Enrico Flynn . . .

[News], The Argus (21 October 1862), 4

Last night the Court Minstrels transferred themselves from the Apollo Music Hall to the Princess's Theatre, where a very fair audience gave them welcome. Their performances were preceded by a pleasing little play, "Love in Humble Life," and between the first and second parts a ballet, entitled "Bilboquet," was performed, in which Madame Therese, Miss Neli, M. Schmidt, Mr. Flexmore, M. Dherang, and others took part . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 November 1862), 8

On FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 7, Will be given Balfe's romantic Opera of THE ROSE OF CASTILE . . .
During this Opera, GRAND PAS DE CASTANET, By M. Schmidt, Mdlle Therese, and Madame Strebinger . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California [San Francisco, CA, USA] (26 November 1866), 4 

MARTINETTI RAVEL TROUPE! From Niblo's Garden, New York.
IN ORDER TO MAKE THE PER-formance complete the management have engaged the HOWSON OPERA TROUPE . . .
MADAME THERESE SCHMIDT, Danseuse . . . Maitre de Ballet - M. SCHMIDT . . .

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS. OCTOBER 4", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1867), 6 

Ruahine, V. and N. Z. mail steamer, 500 tons, Captain T. S. Beal, from Panama 24th August, and Wellington, 27th ultimo. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt, Mr. and Mrs. C. Lehman, Mr. and Mrs. Schultz, Mr. and Mrs. S. Martinette . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1867), 8

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE, Sole Lessee and Director - Mr. EDGAR RAY.
The Management have the gratification to announce the engagement of the renowned
LEHMAN FAMILY, and troupe of
Madame MARZETTI, from the principal theatres of Europe and America, comprising the following eminent artistes -
Madame MARZETTI, Premiere Danceuse, from the Theatre de la Porte, St. Martin, in Paris, and the Ravel Company, Niblo's Gardens, New York.
Mddle. JULIA LEHMAN, Second Danseuse, from the Porte St. Martin Theate, Paris, and Ravel Company, New York.
Mddle. THERESE, Third Danseuse, from the Theatre Royal, Bruxelles, and Ravel Company, Niblo's, New York . . .
M. J. M. SCHMIDT, Directing Manager,
and who will have the honour of making their FIRST APPEARANCE IN AUSTRALIA . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1867), 8

THE LEHMAN FAMILY have just arrived at Sydney, per steamer Ruahine, from San Francisco, and will reach Melbourne by first boat and appear . . .
Open to engagements. Business Manager - J. M. SCHMIDT.

[News], The Argus (13 November 1867), 5

The "Lehman troupe" arrived yesterday in Melbourne. They have been playing during the last month in Sydney with considerable success. Their agent and leader is Mr. Schmidt, who, together with his wife (Madame Therese), was well known in Melbourne some few years ago. Mr. Schmidt has been ballet master at the Ambigu, Paris, and at the principal theatre in Brussels. He travelled with the Martinetti-Ravel troupe through, America, but we believe that some managerial disagreement separated the company in California, and he then gave his services to the Lehmans, who were formerly a part of the original Martinetti troupe. The Lehman troupe numbers among its members some artists of considerable eminence in their own peculiar line. Not to mention Madame Therese, who is already known to the Melbourne public . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1871), 8

THEATRE ROYAL. Sole Lessee and Manager - Mr. G. Coppin.
The Overture and whole of the Music arranged by Mr. Fred. Coppin . . .
The appropriate incidental Ballets, &c., by Mons. Schmidt . . .
HARLEQUINADE . . . Harlequin. - Mr. Harry Leopold.
Columbine - Frauleln Fannie.
Harlequina - Madame Therese.
Clown - Mr. George Leopold.
Pantaloon . Mr. H. Bolton.
French Clown (a la Pierrot) - M. Schmidt . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1872), 10

SCANDINAVIAN MUSIC HALL, Castlereagh-st. . . .
PARISIAN QUADRILLE, at quarter-past 9, as danced in the Jardin Mobile, the Chateau Rouge, and the Chaumiere, in Paris . . .
Executed by The Agile THERESE! The Graceful THERESE! The Admired THERESE,
assisted by the eminent choreographic artist and ballet master, M. Schmidt.
The renowned pantomimic and dancer, Mr. J. Chambers, and Corps-de-Ballet . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (1 August 1872), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Lessee - Signor Pietro Vragnizan.
The Lessee begs most respectfully to announce to the Auckland public and all lovers of the Terpsichorean art that he has succeeded in forming an engagement with those Celebrated Artistes,
MADEMOISELLE THERESE, From the Academic Française and the Principal Theatres of Europe, America, Australia, &c.;
MONSIEUR SCHMIDT, Premier Danseur et Maitre de Ballet of the Theatre de la Porte St. Martin, Paris.
As these Artists are en route for Europe, via California, by the steamer "Nebraska," they can perform for A VERY FEW NIGHTS ONLY, and will make their
FIRST APPEARANCE THIS (Thursday) EVENING, August 1 . . .
a Romantic Ballet Sketch entitled, THE PAINTER'S ILLUSION.
The Countess del Tores Viecko - Mdlle. Therese.
Raphael, painter - M. Schmidt.
During the Ballet will be executed
Grand Pas de Deux - Adagio Ensemble - Variations and Coda
After which the Celebrated Spanish Characteristic Dance, LA MANOLA, By Madame Therese and M. Schmidt . . .

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (8 August 1872), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE . . . BENEFIT OF MADAME THERESE, Being her Last Appearance in Auckland . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Edward H. Pask, Enter the colonies dancing: a history of dance in Australia, 1835-1940 (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1979), 47

In 1858 two French-born dancers, Mlle. Thérèse and her husband Jules Schmidt, arrived in Melbourne . . .


Musician, clarinet player, clarinettist, itinerant musician

Born Germany, c. 1836; son of Magdalene ?
Died Ironbark, VIC, 12 January 1860, aged "24" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Perhaps related to Herr Schmidt of Beechworth above


"DEATH BY DROWNING", Bendigo Advertiser (17 January 1860), 2 

A man named Jacob Schmidt, a German, residing at Ironbark, was found drowned yesterday morning in a water-hole, at the rear of the British and American Hotel, Ironbark. The man had been missed since the Thursday night last, at which time he was seen by some persons in a state of intoxication, and it is supposed that he had in that state accidentally fallen into the hole in trying to find his way to his tent. The Coroner went out yesterday to hold an inquest, but in the absence of some necessary witnesses, the investigation was postponed till to day at two o'clock, at the Quartz Miners' Arms. The body was identified as that of a man belonging to an itinerant band, the deceased having the reed of a clarionet in his pocket.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (14 February 1860), 3 

SCHMIDT'S Celebrated String Band, late playing in Macord's Commercial Hotel, is now open for engagement. Apply Hamburg Hotel.

SCHMITT, Carl (David Gustav Theodor SCHMITT; Wilhelm Carl SCHMITT; W. C. SCHMITT; Herr Carl SCHMITT; Carl Gustav SCHMITT)

Musician, violinist, opera and orchestral conductor, teacher, composer

Born Frankfurt am Main (Germany), 9 December 1837; baptised Frankfurt am Main, 21 January 1838; son of Aloys SCHMITT and Auguste Caroline WOHL
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, by December 1858
Departed (1) Sydney, NSW, 8 March 1859 (per Bredalbane, for Auckland)
Arrived (2) Hobart, TAS, 23 January 1860 (per Tyne, from Auckland, 3 January)
Married Lucy Elizabeth YOUL (REEVES), Melbourne, VIC, 23 April 1863
Departed (2) Launceston, TAS, 7 May 1881 (per Esk, for Sydney, then to Auckland, NZ)
Died Clevedon, Auckland, NZ, 22 March 1900, "aged 66" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptised David Gustav Theodor Schmitt, but generally known in Australasia as Carl Schmitt (Wilhelm Carl; Carl Gustav), he was born in Frankfurt am Main, on 9 December 1837, a son of Aloys Schmitt (1788-1866), musician and composer, and Auguste Caroline Wohl. The musician and composer Georg Alois Schmitt (1827-1902) was his elder brother, and Jacob Schmitt (1803-1853) his uncle.

He presumably had his early musical training from his father and elder brother. Only a fairly imprecise account of his early career can be pieced together from scattered notices in the Australian press, though no doubt based directly on information he himself had supplied. In his native Frankfurt, at the age of thirteen, he led a boys' orchestra. Later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris, an had lessons in orchestration from Hector Berlioz. Probably later still, back in Germany, he studied composition "under the celebrated Tollweiler" (perhaps correctly Carl Vollweiler, the pianist and composer). At Wurzburg, Bavaria, he "first assumed the baton of conductor of opera, but quitted that town for a superior station" at the "Royal opera, Koenigsberg". He was also "for some time violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin", Frederick Franz II.

"Schmidt" was "lately arrived from Munich" when he made his Sydney debut in December 1858. Henry Marsh advertised the publication, on 2 January 1860, of a "NEW WALTZ 1860" by Carl Schmidt [sic], in no. 8 of his revived Australian musical cadeau. The Herald described it as "a very pretty arrangement of a familiar air".

Among Schmitt's own compositions introduced in Hobart were an Overture in October 1860, and his song There's a time in April 1861.

His largest documented work was the opera Cazille, to a libretto by R. H. Horne, presumably begun before Horne left Australia for England in 1869. Excepts only from it were first performed in Sydney in 1872, and various numbers thereafter continued to appear in Schmitt's own programs.

Schmitt left Australia for New Zealand in 1881. A detailed obituary appeared in the Launceston Examiner in April 1900.


Register of births, 1837, Frankfurt am Main; Evangelische Kirchenbuchamt Hannover (PAYWALL)

David Gustav Theodor Schmitt / 9. Dez 1837 / 21. Jan 1838 / Aloys Schmitt / Auguste Caroline Schmitt

Australia (1858-59):

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1858), 1

Mr. BOULANGER has the honour to announce that his Grand Concert will take place on
MONDAY EVENING, 13th December [sic], in the Hall of the Commercial Exchange,
on which occasion he will be kindly assisted by
Gentleman amateur, Messrs. John Deane, Edward Deane,
Charles Packer, Henry Marsh, James Riddett;
And, by the kind permission of Colonel Percival, several of the members of the band of H.M. 12th Regiment.
Mr. WILHELM CARL SCHMIDT, the celebrated Violinist, lately arrived from Munich,
will on this occasion make his first appearance in Australia . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Boulanger (pianist); Amalia Rawack (pianist); Sara Flower (vocalist); John Deane (violinist); Edward Deane (cellist); James Riddett (musician); Charles Sandys Packer (pianist); Henry Marsh (pianist); Band of the 12th Regiment (military band)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1858), 1

GRAND CONCERT. EXCHANGE HALL. Under the patronage of the Philharmonic Society.
Mr. BOULANGER has the honour to announce that his GRAND CONCERT will take plaoe on WEDNESDAY EVENING, the 15th instant.
PART SECOND . . . 11. Solo Violin, - Mr. WILHELM CARL SCHMIDT . . .

"MR. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney  Morning Herald (16 December 1858), 7

. . . One circumstance, however, which, no doubt contributed to the attractiveness of the occasion was the debut of a violin soloist, M. Carl Schmidt, whose execution of De Beriot's Air Varie" - glassy and distinct - at once proclaimed an arduous study of the difficulties of the instrument, with high musical taste . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1858), 1 

HERR WM. CARL SCHMITT, from Munich, is open to receive engagements for Lessons on the Violin and Piano.
Address Messrs. Johnson and Co., music sellers, Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Jonathan Johnson (music seller)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1859), 4 

HERR WILHELM CARL SCHMITT and Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON give their CONCERT of Classical and Popular Music, at the King's School, Parramatta, on MONDAY next. To commence at 8. Tickets, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marmaduke Henry Wilson (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1859), 1 

GRAND CONCERT or Classical and Popular Instrumental Music on WEDNESDAY, January 12, 1859.
Artists.- Herr Wilhelm Carl Schmitt (solo violinist of Munich), Mr. Marmaduke Henry Wilson (of London, pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson, Lower Walmer).
THE STEAMERS will run to and from MANLY BEACH before and after the CONCERT. Fare (including the concert), Four Shillings.

"CONCERT AT MANLY BEACH", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1859), 5 

The residents and frequenters of Manly Beach have had on two occasions lately a new feature added to the many attractions of this favourite summer resort, in the production of instrumental concerts. But two concerts have as yet been essayed, and it is only a question, which a little time will solve, whether due encouragement will be given for their continuance. It would be heresy to doubt the result when music of the highest order, almost on her own temple, the vocal woods woos attention. The gentlemen who have selected this spot as the scene of their entertainments have already made their debut before a Sydney audience in the city. Herr Schmitt, a violinist from Munich, and Mr. M. H. Wilson, pianist, from London. At the first performance given by these gentlemen a week since, some of the first families in Sydney attended, and on that occasion they achieved a decided triumph - there being but one expression of opinion as to the ability of each on his respective instrument. On Saturday last their second concert came off; but it was not numerously attended - the threatening state of the weather being a bar to people venturing upon the water in a boat, which, be the weather fair or foul, does not afford even the shelter of an awning. Herr Schmitt has a perfect command of his instrument - his manner of using his bow is easy and graceful - entirely devoid of those contortions and grimaces sometimes seen as characterising performers, and which are a great drawback to the effect of the finest execution. His "Souvenir de Bellini," and "Last Rose of Summer," were beautifully and effectively rendered, and elicited the warm applause of his auditory. Mr. Wilson, as a pianist, will take a foremost rank in musical coteries and societies. His manipulation is masterly - with a completeness and finish in the rendering of his music which denotes him a lover, as well as a master, of his art. A third concert will come off in a few days.

MUSIC: Souvenirs de Bellini (Artot)

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1859), 3

SIR - In your usual notice of the Sydney Philharmonic Society's concert, I was struck with the omission of the names of the two performers who were invited to grace our drawing-room entertainment with their musical abilities upon that occasion. I refer to Madame Jaffa's performance on the pianoforte, and Carl Schmidt's spirited performance on the violin of De Beriot's seventh air. Mr. Wilson, of London, accompanied. Madame Jaffa was for many years a resident in Liege, Belgium, and acquired a first-class musical reputation. Mr. Schmidt, who only arrived here lately, has brought with him musical certificates of a very high order, and was for several years conductor of one of the principal musical associations of Frankfort.
A MEMBER. 27th January.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rebecca Jaffa (pianist); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1859), 5 

In our brief notice of the Sydney Philharmonic Concert, we inadvertently omitted to notice the violin solo of Herr W. C. Schmitt, a respectable young professional recently arrived among us, and of whose talent we hope to have, ere long, another opportunity of judging. Mr. Schmitt is fresh from the musical world of continental Europe, and we hear intends settling in Australia as a teacher . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1859), 5

Mr. G. F. Laurent gave a vocal and instrumental concert at the School of Arts, last evening. The attendance was not very good - the hall being barely half filled. Mr. Packer, on the organ, and Herr Schmidt, on the violin, provided the instrumental, as Mesdames Lamont, and F. Harris, and Mr. Laurent did the vocal portion of the entertainment. Many of the pieces were loudly applauded, and the audience, though small, were evidently satisfied with the efforts made to please them.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Frederick Laurent (vocalist); Maria Augusta Lamont (vocalist); Flora Harris (vocalist)

"MR. W. C. SCHMITT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1859), 5 

The musical friends of this gentleman will regret to hear he has been compelled, from ill health, to try a change of climate, and leaves for Auckland in the Bredalbane to-day. It was intended to have given him a complimentary concert, but the necessity for his leaving precluded any chance of this being accomplished in time.

New Zealand (1859):

"PROFESSOR CARL SCHMITT", New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (2 April 1859), 3 

On Thursday evening, at the close of the weekly practice of the Auckland Choral Society, Professor Schmitt - who has promised to aid in the Society's public performances - afforded the members who were present a rich musical treat by his masterly rendering of two of De Beriot's finest violin solos, with pianoforte accompaniment, Mr. Brown being the accompanist. We were among the auditors, and can with truth say that so great a musical treat we have not had since we last heard any of the first violinists of the day in England. In tone, style, and execution, Professor Schmitt deserves all the commendations awarded to him, and we look forward to the forthcoming concert (on next Wednesday week, we believe) for a repetition of the treat. Mr. Brown is quite at home in this style of music, and he and the Professor played to each other admirably. In our next we hope to be able to draw attention to the announcement and the programme of the concert, at which, we hear, among others, Mr. Brooks, the harpist, his son, and Mr. Strauch will assist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Brown (pianist); Thomas Brooks (harpist), and son

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross [Auckland, NZ] (15 April 1859), 2 

PROFESSOR W. C. SCHMITT, TEACHER OF THE Violin, Piano, Singing, French and German.
Terms at his residence, Wakefield-street.

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (15 April 1859), 2 

PROGRAMME: Part I . . . Solo Violin, 7th Concisto [sic] (De Beriot) Professor Smith [sic] . . .
Part II . . . Solo Violin, Souvenirs de Bellini (Artot) Professor Smith . . .
Fantasia, (Harp) Mr. Brooks, Sen. . . .

[Advertisement], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (23 April 1859), 2 

Instrumentalists: PROFESSOR CARL SCHMITT, Violin; Mr. Brooks, sen., Harp; Mr. J. Brown, Pianoforte.
Vocalists: Mr. Brooks, jun. Herr Strauch, Mr. J. Brown . . .

"NEW ZEALAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7 

A Philharmonic Society is about to be formed under the leadership of Herr Schmitt.

"NEW ZEALAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1859), 8 

The first concert of the Auckland Philharmonic Society was given on the evening of the 19th [July] with complete success. The steadiness of the amateurs, so lately brought together, was remarkable and though something yet remains to be accomplished in precision, and perfect aplomb, its future is secure. The society are not a little indebted to the indefatigable exertions and masterly leading of Herr Schmitt, their conductor - Southern Cross.

"THE NOVARA. PRESENTATION OF THE TESTIMONIAL TO DR. HOCHSTETTER (From the New Zealander, 27th July)", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1859), 8 

THE presentation of the address and testimonial to Dr. Ferdinand Hochstetter, of the "Novara" Scientific expedition . . . took place in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, on Monday evening, July 25th . . . The musical portion of the evening's proceedings was under the direction of Herr Schmitt, conductor of the Auckland Philharmonic Society . . . The concerted music was arranged by Mr. Schmitt, who, in the course of the evening, played "Home, sweet home!" with a feeling that made every one think of the "childhood's home" he had left . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1859), 8

AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL CADEAU, No. 8, will be ready for issue on MONDAY, January 2nd.
Contents - 1860 Waltz, by Schmidt. New Song, The Flower Angels, and No. 3 songs, without words, by Rummel . . .
NEW WALTZ 1860, by Carl Schmidt, post free, 1s. 6d. . . .
H. MARSH and CO., Music Publishers, Sale Rooms Messrs. Buist and Son.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Marsh (music publisher); David Buist (music seller)

"MR. BROOKS' FAREWELL CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross (3 January 1860), 3 

. . . An apology was made for Herr Schmitt, and his place very agreeably supplied by Mr. Brooks in a Fantasia on the Harp. We are happy to learn that Mr. Brooks intends returning here after a professional tour in Australia . . .

[Shipping], New Zealander [Auckland, NZ] (4 January 1860), 3

December 31 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons. J. Riddle, from Hobart Town. Passengers [for Hobart] - Messrs. W. C. Schmitt, H. Brooks . . .

[News], Empire (4 January 1860), 4 

Messrs. Henry Marsh and Co. have just issued the 8th number of their very excellent musical publication "The Australian Musical Cadeau," which terminates the first volume of the new series. The contents are . . . a very brilliant little waltz entitled "1860," by Carl Schmidt, a violinist, who was much admired in Sydney last year . . . The volume of the Cadeau now completed will make a very elegant and appropriate present at this period, and Mr. Marsh deserves credit for his efforts to supply the public with good, and in many instances, original music, got up in a style that will make it acceptable for the use of drawingroom entertainments.

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL CADEAU", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1860), 5

The December number of this popular musical periodical contains three pieces . . . The second, the "1860 Waltz," by Carl Schmidt, is a very pretty arrangement of a familiar air . . . The Cadeau is very correctly and clearly printed - indeed, quite equal to any of the elaborate albums which are got up with so much care in England.

Australia (1860-81):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF HOBART TOWN. ARRIVED", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (24 January 1860), 2 

January 23 - Tyne, schooner, 91 tons, Riddle, from Auckland (N.Z.) 3rd instant, with sundries. Passengers - Messrs. Smidt, Brooks, Jackson, Grey, and Lipscombe . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 January 1860), 1 

THE HARP, MR. T. H. BROOKS, The Celebrated Harpist;
AND HERR CARL SCHMITT, The Bavarian Violinist,
Have the honor to announce their arrival in Hobart Town,
and will shortly perform AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 February 1860), 3 

Duo Concertante for the violin and piano (De Beriot.) - Herr W. Carl Schmitt and Mr. Buddee.
Solo - Harp, (Brooks), Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Song - Ever of Thee, (by desire,) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Solo - Violin, Souvenirs de Bellini (Artot) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - The Violet, (Mendelssohn), Miss Kent.
Duo for the Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Elegy for the Violin, (Ernst), Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Song - Come when the Moon is Breaking, (Lindley), Miss Kent.
Solo - Harp, Mr. T. H. Brooks.
Cavatina - Opera La Traviata (Verdi) Miss Rosina Carandini.
Concerto for the Violin, op. 53, (W. C. Schmitt) Herr W. Carl Schmitt.
Duo - Harp and Piano, Messrs. T. H. Brooks and Buddee.
Tickets Three Shillings, to be had at Messrs. Walch and Sons, Wellington Bridge, Mr. Atkins, Murray-street, and at the doors in the evening.
Doors open at half-past 7 to commence at 8 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosina Carandini (vocalist); Ellen Kent (vocalist); Julius Buddee (pianist)

"THE MONTH . . . PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (14 February 1860), 3 

In addition to the Oratorio already alluded to our citizens have been treated to two concerts given at the Temperance Alliance Rooms by Mr. T. H. Brookes, "the celebrated harpist," and Herr W. Carl Schmitt, "the great Bavarian Violinist," assisted by Misses Ellen Kent and Rosina Carandini, as vocalists, and Mr. Buddee, as pianist. The music selected for performance was admirably calculated to exhibit the great musical abilities of the artistes, whose style of playing, especially that of Mr. Brooks, elicited deserved applause.

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (15 March 1860), 2 

It has not been often of late that the musical public of Launceston has had the pleasure of listening to music of a high character, rendered by artists capable of giving full expression to the beautiful imaginings of some of the great masters of the art, yet such a pleasure was realized by those (and they were a goodly number) who attended the Cornwall Rooms on Thursday evening at a concert given by Mr. T. H. Brooks (harpist), and Herr Carl Schmitt (violinist), assisted by our fellow townsman, Mr. Robert Sharpe, who presided at the pianoforte.

Rossini's overture to Tancredi, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the concert, and was followed by De Beriot's 7th air varie for the violin, which was well executed by Herr Schmitt, and encored: answering to the call he gave the Carnival de Venise with variations. Next succeeded a solo on the harp, played with great taste by Mr. Brooks. A burst of applause and loud cries of "encore" greeted the artist at the conclusion of his beautiful solo, and again he had to seat himself at his instrument. This time he played the spirit stirring Scotch air "The Campbells are coming" with variations. Mr. R. Sharpe then gave a solo on the harmonium, the composition of A. Lefebure Wely. It is a composition evincing great musical knowledge, but of too scientific a character for a general audience. The overture to Agnes, arranged as a duo concertante for harp and pianoforte, closed the first part of the entertainment.

Selections from Auber's opera of Massaniello, arranged as a duo concertante for the violin and pianoforte opened the second part, and at its conclusion Mr. Brooks, after a brilliant prelude, played the beautiful Irish melody "My lodging is on the cold ground" with variations. The overture to Zampa, on the harmonium, was the next in the order of succession; and then followed Artot's "Souvenirs de Bellini," executed by Herr Carl Schmitt on the violin. This beautiful piece of instrumentation was deservedly encored; and the artist gave "Home, sweet home" with variations. The finale was a duo concertante by Paer, arranged for the harp and pianoforte, and was executed with great fidelity and taste.

We suppose that in accordance with the usual custom, we must now say a few words on the merits or demerits of the performers. This is not always a gracious task, for we confess we are not of those who either indulge in a system of lavish and often of unmerited praise, or, on the other hand, visit those who have displeased us with a sweeping and often undeserved censure. If a man in our opinion possesses merit, we are willing to do justice to that merit; but if, on the other hand, he is a charlatan, although it may not be always expedient to do so, yet we cannot help exposing him. It is this principle which gives value to criticism, for without it criticism is worse than valueless. One other observation we would make: no one but a musician should attempt to write a musical criticism. By a musician we do not mean a more player, but one who, by study and observation, has so refined and cultivated his musical talents, as to be able to enter into and appreciate the works of the great masters of harmony, and who also, in addition to this, has at some time or other had frequent opportunities of listening to the first performers of the day. The truth of this must be so obvious to all, that any further observations on this subject are needless.

Mr. Brooks, although not possessing the rapid and brilliant execution of Bochsa or Chatterton, is a harpist possessing great musical taste and skill . . . Herr Carl Schmitt is, we understand, a member of the Conservatoire de Paris, and was for some time violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. He is a sound performer on the violin, and produces a tone of great depth and purity. His execution is brilliant, and at the same time it possesses a smoothness which renders it very pleasing, and there is a total absence of that tricky playing which, however taking it may be to the uninitiated, is sure at once to be detected by the musician. Herr Schmitt has evidently studied deeply, and enters with enthusiasm into the practice of his beautiful art. We should be wanting in justice, did we not notice very favorably the accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Sharpe (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 March 1860), 4 

Academy of Music, 181 Macquarie Street.
MR. BUDDEE, in conjunction with Messrs. SCHMITT & RUSSELL,
have the honor to announce that on the 1st of April next, an Academy of Music will be commenced,
in which the Pianoforte, Violin, Harmonium, and Flute, will be Taught.
Also classes formed for Singing and the Theory of Music.
Terms, which will be very moderate, may be known by application to Mr. Buddee, at his residence, 181 Macquarie-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkins Russell (musician)

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 March 1860), 4 

The Concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms on Wednesday evening last, if not numerously, was most fashionably attended, many of the families of our leading fellow citizens being present, including that of his Worship the Mayor, who was also himself there. The Concert, which was wholly of instrumental music, that of the harp, piano, and violin, commenced with Rossini's overture to Tancredi. After which Herr Schmitt delighted his audience with a thrilling melody of De Beriot which was encored, when Herr Schmitt gave with great taste and feeling a selection from the Carnival de Venise. Mr. Brook then gave a solo on the harp which produced sounds of applause and an encore. Mr. R. Sharp then played with good execution a solo on the Harmonium, the composition of Lefebure Wely, which was followed by a duo concertante on the harp and piano, Mr. Sharpe playing the piano part.

The second part consisted of a violin and piano duo by Messrs. Schmitt and Sharp. The overture to Zampa on the harmonium by Mr. Sharpe; the Souvenirs de Bellini beautifully executed by Herr Schmilt on the violin, and a duo concertante by harp and piano . . . Herr Carl Schmitt is a very distinguished musician, being a member conservatoire de Paris, and violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin. Mr. Brooks has also moved in the highest musical circles at home, and on the continent, having been at one time Harpist to his late Majesty King George the Fourth, who was himself a brilliant musician and who bestowed on him marks of favour. Mr. Robert Sharpe gave the greatest satisfaction to the audience . . .

"THE CONCERT AT THE CORNWALL ROOMS", Launceston Examiner (20 March 1860), 2 

Mr. T. H. Brooks and Herr Carl Schmitt, assisted by Mr. Robert Sharpe, gave another concert at the Cornwall Assembly Rooms, last evening, to a fashionable audience. Paer's overture to "Agnes," arranged as a duo-concertante for the harp and pianoforte, commenced the performance . . . De Beriot's sixth air with variations was the next in succession, and afforded Herr Carl Schmitt an opportunity of displaying his fine instrumentation. He too obtained an encore, and gave "Home, sweet home" with variations, one of these being played in harmonics on the fourth string. Bochsa's "Noturno," arranged as a duo for the harp and violin, followed, and with beautiful expression did the artists render this fine composition of the great maestro . . .

The second part opened with a duo dor the violin and pianoforte, selected from the works of La Barre and De Beriott . . . And now came an exquisite composition, namely, Casorti's "Concert pour le Violon." It is classical music conceived in the highest style of art, and Herr Schmitt's rendering gave full expression to the composer's fine ideas, and it was a matter of no surprise that the artist was encored. He then gave the hacknied "Carnival de Venise," Mozart's "Non Piu Andrai," arranged as a duett for the harp and pianoforte concluded the concert. The accompaniments of Mr. Robert Sharpe on the pianoforte were as on the former occasion, played with very considerable taste and skill. It is with pleasure we announce that Mr. Brooks and Herr Schmitt will give another concert on Thursday evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: One of two violin concertos by Alessandro Casorti

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 March 1860), 4 

We omitted to mention in our last that Herr Schmitt and Mr. Brook's last concert took place on the evening of the Regatta Day, and that a select company was highly entertained by it. Herr Schmitt has since been conducting the practice performances of the Sacred Harmonic Society, and has given the members of that excellent society a great deal of pleasure and instruction. We believe Mr. Schmitt will be present on tomorrow evening at the Trinity School Room with the Sacred Harmonic Society.

ASSOCIATIONS: Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (20 April 1860), 4 

AND Teacher of the Violin, Piano, Singing, & theory of Music.
For Terms apply at the Musical Academy, No. 181, Macquarie-street.

"HOBART TOWN PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (15 May 1860), 3 

A society with the above designation has been formed in the capital, and promises to progress rapidly. Although started only about one month it numbers nearly one hundred members. It is under the conductorship of Herr Schmitt, who no doubt lives, as a violinist in the favorable recollections of many of our townsmen. We hear that this gentleman has just finished a complete mass for full orchestra, and judging from former compositions, we have no doubt that it will be found both scientific and pleasing, whenever an opportunity is given the public to judge of its merits.

ASSOCIATIONS: Hobart Town Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"PHILHARMONIC AND CHORAL SOCIETIES", The Mercury (29 October 1860), 2 

The second Concert of the Hobart Town Philharmonic Society, in conjunction with the Choral Society, will take place at the Mechanics' Institute to-morrow evening, under the patronage of His Excellency and Lady Young. The Concert will be conducted by Herr Carl Schmitt, and the programme includes a very attractive selection of vocal and instrumental music, glees, songs, duets, and choruses, closing with the National Anthem. The musical proficiency attained by the members of these Societies, under the direction of Mr. Schmitt, is well-known to those who have been privileged to attend their meetings, and no doubt the Concert of to-morrow will be largely patronized. The price of admission puts the tickets within the reach of all classes, and already, we understand, a large number have been disposed of.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Augusta Young (governor and wife)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (25 October 1860), 1

Under the distinguished Patronage of HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR AND LADY YOUNG,
1 Overture - Caravane - Boildieu
2 Glee - Mary Elves - Callcott
3 Song - Tenor, Tambourgi - Nathan
4 Overture - Lady of the Manor - J. Hook
5 Song - Soprano, I cannot sing tonight - Lavence [Lavenu]
6 Solo, Violin - De Beriot
7 Glee - Peace to the souls of the Heroes - Callcott
Overture - Caliph of Bagdad - Boildieu.
9 Overture - W. C. Schmitt
10 Duetto for 2 sopranos, The Swallow - Kucken
11 Allegro Symphony, XII - Vanhal
12 Solo and Chorus The Lay of the Bell - Romberg
13 Crystal Palace Valse - D'Albert.
11 God Save the Queen. - Full Orchestra and Chorus.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (26 April 1861), 1

PART II. Symphony, Allegro - PLEYEL
Duetto, Joan d'Arc - BALFE
Solo violin, concerto - DE BERIOT
Song, There's a time - W. C. SCHMITT
Glee, Hail, Smiling Morn
Finale, Sonnambula - BELLINI
Conductor - HERR W. CARL SCHMITT . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (23 September 1861), 5 

In anticipation of a rich feast of classical music we attended the Mechanics' Institute on Saturday evening, but we must confess to being considerably disappointed. The concert was given by Herr Carl Schmitt, a violinist residing in this city, who was assisted on the occasion by Miss Bailey and several gentlemen amateurs. The programme included compositions from Beethoven, De Beriot, and Vieuxtemp, which certainly were not by any means done full justice to. There is a want of style and finish about Herr Schmitt's playing, and his execution in by no means faultless, almost inducing the idea that he is self-taught. If that be the case great credit is decidedly due to him for the proficiency he has attained, but otherwise these faults deserve censure. The audience however, seemed determined to be pleased, and were liberal of their applause. Certain it is that the inefficiency of Herr Elsasser as an accompanyist did much to mar the effect of Herr Schmitt's playing. The one redeeming point in the entire performance was Miss Bailey's singing. Although not possessing a remarkable voice, her clear intonation and faultless delivery had a great effect on the audience, who warmly encored her in Mendelssohn's exquisite duet, "I would that my love," which she sang with Mr. Sprinkhorn. There was a very small attendance, the room being not more than half full.

ASSOCIATIONS: Amelia Bailey (vocalist); Johann Sprinckhorn (vocalist); Charles Elsasser (pianist)

"HERR SCHMITT'S CONCERT", The Mercury (26 August 1861), 2 

A fashionable audience attended at M. Del Sarte's Rooms, Harrington-street, on Friday evening, when a Concert was given by that accomplished violinist Herr Schmitt assisted by Mr. Buddee, M. Del Sarte, several members of the Philharmonic Society and an efficient band of instrumentalists. The music (both vocal and instrumental) had been culled from the works of some of the greatest composers, and was executed with that taste and skill which fully justified the applause bestowed upon the performers.

ASSOCIATIONS: Camille Del Sarte (vocalist, venue proprietor)


His Excellency held a Levee at Government House this afternoon, at three o'clock. The guard of honor was furnished by H.M. 40th, and was commanded by Capt. Hinds. The battalion band of the Volunteers attended in honor of His Excellency, and performed some popular pieces outside Government House, under the conductorship of Herr W. Carl Schmitt. An unusually large number of colonists, upwards of 300, were presented to His Excellency. Captain Steward, the A. D. C. officiated . . .

"HERR SCHMITT'S CONCERT", Hobart Town Advertiser : Weekly Edt. (15 February 1862), 8 

As our space in yesterday's issue would only permit us to give a very brief report of Herr W. Carl Schmitt's concert, we take the present opportunity of noticing it more at length. Herr Sclimitt had secured the services of our very efficient Battalion Band, who opened the concert with Bellini's grand overture themselves . . . Herr Schmitt is now engaged on the composition of a "Mass" or Service for St. Joseph's Catholic Church, to be dedicated to the Right Rev. Dr. Willson. - We have availed ourselves of the opportunity of listening to the portions of this composition, which have been rehearsed, but we reserve our comments until the work is complete, merely remarking that if the same amount of original talent is spent upon the remaiuing portions as has been on the first, the whole work will be a chef d'oeuvre of sacred music.

ASSOCIATIONS: St. Joseph's church (Hobart); Robert William Willson (bishop)

"NEW MUSICAL ARRIVAL", South Australian Register (18 March 1862), 2 

Herr Carl Schmitt, a gentleman who has made a most successful tour through the Australian Colonies, has arrived in Adelaide, and proposes to make his first public appearance here on Monday evening in White's huge room. Herr Schmitt is, we understand, a member of the Conservatoire de Paris, and was for some time violinist to the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. A Tasmanian critic describes him as "a sound performer on the violin, who produces tone's of great depth and purity. His execution is brilliant, possessing at the same time a smoothness which renders it very pleasing, and there is a total absence of that tricky playing, which, however taking it may be to the uninitiated, is sure at once to be detected by the musician. Herr Schmitt has evidently studied deeply, and enters with enthusiasm into the practice of his beautiful art." Herr Schmitt was very successful in Sydney, and was such a favourite in Auckland that he had at one time an idea of settling there. When he determined to leave New Zealand, great regret was expressed by the newspapers that made the unwelcome announcement. On his departure from Wellington, he received a complimentary address from Sir Charles Clifford, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and other honorary members of the Wellington Philharmonic Society. We have no doubt this gentleman's performances will be a great treat to all those who can appreciate the productions of the great composers, and who love to compare the execution of acknowledged masters of instrumentation.

"TANUNDA (From our own Correspondent) April 16", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (19 April 1862), 2 

Last night the good folks of Tanunda were offered a great treat, and a very fair number availed them selves of it; I refer to the concert of Herr Carl Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman. Although the weather was very stormy and the rain pouring in torrents, from 80 to 90 ladies and gentlemen assembled, and I am sure if those talented artistes were to come again and delight us with their performances double the number would attend, weather being fair. Owing to the illness of Mr. Weiner the programme was slightly altered, and some gentlemen amateurs, mostly members of the Liedertafel, kindly came forward to assist their countryman. The concert opened with the quartetto "Schafers Sonntagslied," sung very effectively by the amateurs mentioned; then came the duetto concertante for violin and piano, from "Lucia," by Messrs. Carl Schmitt and Linly Norman. From the reports in the papers we were prepared to meet artistes of talent, but surely we never expected to find them so excellent as they really are. Nothing finer can be imagined than their execution of the above difficult piece, and I really do not know whom to admire most, Herr Schmitt or Mr. Norman. A rapturous encore greeted the first piece, and those gentlemen kindly responded to the call playing "The Carnival of Venice." Not to occupy your space too much I shall not mention all the quartettes; they were executed in an excellent manner, particularly so the "Schlachtgesang." After a quartetto, Mr. Norman gave the solo for piano, "La Cascade," in splendid style; and Mr. Schmitt followed with a solo on the violin, from "De Beriot." I cannot find words to praise the execution of every piece as it deserves, and shall therefore content myself with mentioning the names of the different pieces they played. The conclusion of the first part was the violin solo, "Souvenirs de Bellini," by Herr Carl Schmitt. The second part was opened by a piano solo (Mr. Linly Norman), who was rewarded by loud calls for an encore, for which he substituted the solo "Les Cloches du Monastere." The violin solo, "Yankee Doodle," followed; and for an encore Herr Schmitt gave "Home, Sweet Home" and "The Last Rose of Summer." The conclusion was the duet, piano and violin, from "Massaniello," when again an encore was called for and "II Ballen," from Trobadore [sic], given. Never an audience left a concert in this little township more satisfied with the evening's entertainment than last night, and everybody present hoped that another such treat might be in store for them.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 July 1862), 1

assisted by Mesdames PERYMAN and WISHART, Messrs. R. B. WHITE, R. A., and
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Duet, Violin and Piano, "La Siege de Corinth" - Herr Carl Schmidt and Mr. Linly Norman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Linly Norman (pianist); Caroline Peryman (vocalist); Susannah Wishart (vocalist); Richard Baxter White (violinist, pianist); Carl Julius Kunze (pianist); Gustav Von der Heyde (vocalist); Adelaide Liedertafel (organisation)

"WENTWORTH ANNUAL RACES", South Australian Register (24 December 1862), 3 

. . . After the second day's sport a dinner took place at Gunn's Crown Hotel, when 40 gentlemen sat down to a most sumptuous dinner, got up in Host Gunn's usual style. When the usual toasts, &c., were got through the company adjourned to another room to hear the concert given by Herr Carl Schmitt, which was a treat to the lovers of good music. The room was quite full, there being some 50 or 60 present. After the concert the greater portion of the company returned, and a ball took place, at which the Douglass Family's quadrille band performed, as on the previous evening . . .

[News], The Kyneton Observer (31 January 1863), 2 

Last night Herr Carl Schmitt, whose performances as a violinist have perhaps, it is said, scarcely ever been surpassed here, gave a grand musical concert at the Woodend Mechanics' Institute. He was assisted by a lady vocalist of great ability as a soprano - Miss Elsie Warden - Mr. Maurice taking the part of pianist. This evening and on Monday night Herr Carl Schmitt's company will give two grand popular entertainments at the Theatre Royal, Kyneton . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Geraldine (Elsie) Warden (vocalist); Herr Moritz (pianist)

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (12 January 1863), 2 

The theatre was opened on Saturday evening last by Herr Carl Schmitt, a violinist of reputation in the "Faderland," and one who in the few concerts he has given in the colony has been more than successful. His style is graceful, and he has a very free bow-hand; like most modern players he sacrifices too much of the tone of the instrument in a desire to give prominence to the bravura and stoccato [sic] passages, otherwise Herr Schmitt leaves no room for criticism, and may be pronounced as good a soloist as any we have had in Sandhurst since the days of Miska Hauser. In the many airs he performed on Saturday evening he was loudly applauded by the audience - the violinist, after his first essay, wisely confining himself to the more popular and known class of music. The finale to the concert was an arrangement by Herr Schmitt of popular airs, and depicted very vividly some of the more striking incidents of a sea voyage. The music of this piece was well put together, and admirably served to show the talents of the performer. During the evening Madame Naej and Mrs. Ellis sang several songs; the latter named lady vocalist receiving a well merited encore in the song of "Cherry Ripe." The concert is to be repeated this evening, when we hope to see a crowded house.

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Leon Naej (vocalist); Eliza Stewart Ellis (vocalist)

[News], The Kyneton Observer (3 February 1863), 2 

A large and respectable audience visited the Theatre Royal last night, to witness Herr Carl Schmitt's entertainment, which certainly was the best musical treat that has ever been brought before the Kyneton public. The first piece he gave was "Souvenirs de Belline," [Bellini] in which he was rapturously encored; when he gave "The Last Rose of Summer, and "Home, Sweet Home," arranged by himself. On his performance of "Yankee Doodle" the house were in raptures. After which the musical poem, "The Emigrant Ship," also his own arrangement, which was enthusiastically received. As an encore he gave the "Carnival de Venice," which was also highly applauded. We certainly think that his execution on the violin is excellent, and had the pieces been of a more homely character they would have had a much better effect. As it was, his execution of the "Emigrant Ship" took the house by storm, and the audience were most enthusiastic in their applause . . .

[News], The Kyneton Observer (17 February 1863), 2 

We are in a position to state that Herr Carl Von Schmitt, whose musical performances here a short time since were so justly admired, is about to take up his residence in Kyneton as a Professor of music. He is about forming a Philharmonic Society, and, from what we hear, there is every likelihood of the project being successfully carried out, Mr. Schmitt's abilities as an instructor in music, either vocal or instrumental, being of a very high order.

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (11 May 1863), 1

At Melbourne, on Thursday, 23rd April, by the Rev. Irving Hetherington, G. Wilhelm Carl Schmidt, Esq., to Lucy Elizabeth Reeves, eldest daughter of Mrs. George Youl.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (3 February 1864), 4 

SCHMITT. - On the 1st inst., at her residence, Wedge-street, Kyneton, the wife of Carl Schmitt, Esq., of a daughter.

"LOCAL COURT - ADELAIDE.THURSDAY, JUNE 4 . . . WISHART v. PERYMAN", The South Australian Advertiser (5 June 1863), 3 

Action for slander . . . Mr. Andrews . . . addressed the Jury, stating that the defendant had circulated a slander in reference to the plaintiff, as follows: - "Mr. Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman both passed the night [in 1862] in the same bed room with Mrs. Wishart at Koepke's Hotel, Gawler Town, and she is such an infamous character that I (Catherine [sic, Caroline] Peryman) have refused to sing with her at concerts, and none of the lady singers will sing with her" . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1864), 3

NEW MUSIC, by Carl Schmitt, Kyneton, Romance sans Paroles, 4s.; Kyneton Fancy-Fair Valse, 2s.; I've a Welcome for Thee (ballad), 2s.; Spanish Evening Song, 1s. 6d.
To be had at R. J. Paling's, 35 Collins-street east.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard John Paling (music seller)

"DIED", The Kyneton Observer (10 January 1865), 2 

On the 31st December, at Hobart Town, Gertrude, the daughter of Carl Schmitt, of Kyneton, aged eleven months.

"BALLARAT", The Argus (24 August 1866), 5

The Ballarat Choral Society in the name of an infant musical institution here, which is rapidly maturing into full vigour. This society was only established about six months since, and it already numbers about a hundred gentleman and fifty lady members, and among these are eighteen instrumentalists. Their first concert - selections from "Martha" and "Trovatore" was given about six months ago, with considerable success, and they are now engaged in practising for their next, in November, selections from the "Bohemian Girl," "Lucia di Lammermoor," and "Trovatore." They intend to limit themselves solely to dramatic music, and to their talented conductor, Mr. Herr Carl Schmidt, may be attributed their great success.

"BALLARAT", The Argus (15 March 1867), 7

Ballarat is to lose the valuable services of Herr Carl Schmidt, who has arranged to proceed to Europe as conductor, arranger, and composer for Miss Julia Mathews.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Mathews (vocalist)

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1867), 4

The above theatre, which has been closed for the last few nights, will open this evening, under the management of Mr. George Coppin, who has brought his company from Melbourne. The general arrangements for the audience are under the direction of Mr. William Dind. Miss Julia Matthews, and Mr. Carl Schmidt, the violinist, arrived by the Rangatira on Saturday evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (manager); William Dind (manager)

"THEATRICALS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (18 May 1867), 3 

. . . There is one feature in connection with Miss Mathews' engagement which is deserving of special notice, and that is, the efficient orchestra, under the leadership of Mr. F. Coppin, and the conductorship of Herr Schmitt (during this engagement). The latter gentleman is not only an accomplished musician, but also a composer of eminent ability, several of his compositions have been played with great success. Of these, we would particularise the Cazalie Overture and the Kyneton Waltz, both of which would be found most agreeable additions to our stock of drawing room music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Coppin (violinist, leader)

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1867), 5 

SIR, - I beg to request that you will contradict that part of a paragraph which appears in this day's Herald, to the effect that Miss Julia Mathews was a pupil of mine, and that the was proceeding to England for the purpose of availing herself of my instruction. In the first place, Miss Julia Mathews never was or is a pupil of mine, and secondly, I am now engaged by her as conductor, composer, and arranger of music, and am returning to England under a lengthened engagement to be in the like capacity.
Wentworth House, 21st May.

"A ROYAL ACADEMY OF MUSIC FOR NEW SOUTH WALES. To the Editor of . . . ", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1867), 5 

SIR - I have often considered the desirability of drawing public attention to the advisability of establishing in Sydney an Academy of Music similar for all purposes to that in England, and as there are now in this city such talent as Horsley, Hill, Cordner, Schmidt, Callen, Gassner, Beaumont, Anderson, Rea, Madame Bushelle, Mrs. Cordner, and a host of others whose names do not at present occur to me, who could make a good start, perhaps by noticing the matter in your journal some steps will be taken for the immediate establishment of such a beneficial institution. I feel certain that the Academy will receive immense support such support, at all events, as would give it a permanent standing in the colony.
Yours very truly,

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (musician); John Hill (musician); William and Ellen Cordner (musicians); Giovanni Gassner (musician); Armes Beaumont (vocalist); Alfred Anderson (pianist); Alex Rea (pianist); Eliza Wallace Bushelle (vocalist)

"THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1867), 4

The third subscription concert of the above institution took, place yesterday evening . . . Mr. Carl Schmidt was announced to perform on the violin; but it seems we are never to have the pleasure of listening to his performance, as unforeseen circumstances invariably prevent that gentleman from appearing when announced . . .

"MUSICAL", Empire (13 May 1868), 2

We understand that the Countess of Belmore has acceded to the request of Herr Carl Schmidt, of this city, and accorded him permission to dedicate to her Ladyship a new piece of music which he is about to forward to London for publication. The composition consists of the 95th Psalm, is in the key of F, and comprises two choruses, one soprano solo, and a duet for soprano and alto, with accompaniment for the organ.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Belmore (wife of the governor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1869), 6

. . . Herr Carl Schmidt's 95th Psalm, dedicated by permission to her Ladyship the Countess of Belmore, price 4s.
W. H. PALING, Agent for Erard, Aucher, Kirkman, and Alexandre, 83, Wynyard-square.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 September 1868), 2 

We are in receipt of a copy of a Venetian serenade (words by Milne), composed and dedicated to Mrs. Billyard, by Herr Carl Schmidt. The serenade, which has reached a second edition, was published in London and Sydney. The composition is one of a very elegant type, distinguished by gems of thought and expression, and should command a place in the repertoire of the devotee of the Cecilian inspiration . . .

TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", , Empire (19 December 1868), 5 

Sir, - I beg to enclose a copy of a letter I received from Madame Anna Bishop a day before her departure. If you would kindly publish, the same in your valuable paper, I would feel sincerely obliged.
I remain, yours very truly, CARL SCHMITT.
301, Liverpool street, Darlinghurst, 17th Dec. 

"To Herr Carl Schmitt, &c., &c.
"My dear Sir, - On the eve of my departure from Sydney I must beg to thank you for the very able manner in which you have conducted my operas at the Prince of Wales Opera House. The gentlemen of the orchestra, under your baton, seemed to exert themselves to satisfy your wishes to the utmost of their ability and the singers feel a confidence in your truly artistic talent. I trust any operatic company following me in this colony will be able to have the opportunity of your valuable services, and sincerely wish, you health to continue your brilliant future. I shall have much pleasure in making known your charming compositions, some of which I have sung several times daring my stay in Sydney.
"You have my best wishes, and, pleased to have gained your friendship, believe me,
"Yours very smcerely, (Signed) "ANNA BISHOP SCHULTZ.
"Oxford Hotel, 12th December."

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist)

[Advertisement], in Catalogue of the works in the library of the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney: Mechanics' School of Arts, 1869), [unpaginated] (DIGITISED)

Choral Singing: HERR CARL SCHMITT, Late Conductor of the Royal Opera, Konigsberg, &c.

"NEW OPERA", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 8

Herr Carl Schmitt, our talented professor of music, has just finished a new opera, which he has called "Cazille." The libretto is by R. H. Horne, Esq., the author of "Orion" and other poems. The subject is not historical, but the scenes are laid near Lake Geneva in Switzerland. The work consists of three acts, the first opening with a lively double chorus of boatmen, the theme of which runs through the opera, and contains soprano, tenor, and bass arias. The second act commences with a brilliant duet between the hero and heroine. Several good choruses and arias are also interspersed through this act. The finale is a quartette, accompanied by a chorus of fishermen behind the scenes. The third act abounds in brilliant duets, recitatives, and arias, one duet in particular between soprano and tenor, with an accompaniment, is very effective. The final soli and chorus is a grand composition. It is impossible to go into full particulars of the work, for as yet it has only been heard with piano accompaniment, but there is no doubt but that the opera will meet with success. It is light and full of sparkling melody, and the scenes are well put together. The piano score will be published by J. Andre, of Offenbach, Germany. It is Herr Schmitt's intention to have it first produced in London, but as he is conductor of the Choral Society they might be induced to place their chorus and orchestra at his command to give a concert of selections from Cazille. Herr Schmitt's position on the continent, as conductor of the opera at Wurtzburg, and at the Royal opera, Koenigsberg, and his numerous compositions, both here and in Europe, are guarantees that his latest effort will be up to his usual standard.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Hengist Horne (librettist)

"HERR CARL SCHMITT'S BENEFIT", Empire (8 April 1872), 2 

This evening a complimentary benefit is to be accorded to Herr Carl Schmitt, in the Masonic Hall; and as this talented gentleman has large claims upon the support of the music-loving portion of the community he will doubtless have the pleasure of seeing a well filled house on the occasion. Herr Schmitt is perhaps the most finished musician in the colonies; certainly there are few in Australia who have been nurtured more felicitously in the musical world, or who have achieved more flattering tokens of success. In Frankfort (his native city) he, at the age of thirteen, led an orchestra composed of boys. He studied musical composition, under the celebrated Tollweiler and had lessons in orchestral compositio