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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sa-Sj)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sa-Sj)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 23 June 2021

- S - ( Sa - Sj)

S, C ("C. S.")

Violinist, violoncellist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 1 

OLNEY AND BEDFORD Philharmonic Societies. - C. S., who played first Violin at the former and Violencello at the latter Concerts, will meet any friends addressing at the office of this paper.

SACHS, Florentina S. (Madame SACHS; Madame F. SACHS)

Amateur vocalist, composer

Active Sydney, Balmain, NSW, by 1859
Died Bondi, NSW, 27 January 1907, aged 86 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Madame Sachs, wife of Dr. Leopold Ferdinand Sachs, M.D. (d.1891), was named as an "amateur" in a concert at Balmain in 1859. Her Australian Volunteers' Song ("by Madame F. S. Sachs, of Balmain") was advertised by James C. Fussell in August 1861.


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 January 1859), 7

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 13

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1

"AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1861), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1907), 6

SACHS, Mr. M. (Mr. M. SACHS)


Active Melbourne, VIC, April 1849


[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (14 April 1849), 3 

Mechanics' Insitution. MUSIC CLASS.
Patrons - His Honor the Superintendent. His Honor the Resident Judge.
THE Members of the Class beg to announce that they will give their Public Concert, in the Room of the Mechanics' Institute, On TUESDAY Next, 17th Inst.
PROGRAMME. 1st Part. Overture - "Tancredi" - Rossini.
Song - "Der erste Kuss" - "The first Kiss" (by Mr. M. Sachs) - German.
Solo - Pianoforte (by Mr. Pietzker) - Weber . . .
Solo - Violin (by Mr. Megson) - L'Maurer.
Part II . . . Song - "Hear me gentle Maritana" - Opera "Maritana" - Violin Obligato - (by Mr. Griffiths) - Wallace . . .
Song - "Der Schiffer und sein Liebchen" - "The Boatman and his Lover" - (by Mr. M. Sachs) - German.
Quadrilles - "La Somnambula" - Arranged by Megson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violin, leader); Joseph Griffiths (violin); William Pietzker (piano)

SADAC (? Benjamin SADAC) (? pseud.)

Bush balladist, songwriter

Active ? Melbourne, VIC, 1860s


"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.1. THE MOUNTAIN LILY (Tune: "Lilla's a lady"), The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1861), 3

"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.2. DARBY AND JOAN (Tune: "The bush aboon traquair" [The Beggar's Opera])", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1861), 5

"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.3. (ORIGINAL) THE RISING OF THE LARK", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1861), 3

NOTE. This song is set to a beautiful Welsh air, or which, though I know the tune, I forget the name. It is not, however, "The Rising of the Lark". It is sung to exact harp time. A Mr. Wilson, of Victoria, has lately introduced skylarks into that colony, the subject of this ballad is an Australian one.

"AUSTRALIAN LEAGUE ANTHEM (Tune: God preserve the Emperor Francis)", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1864), 5

? "THE VILLAGE PET. BY BENJAMIN SADAC", Illustrated Sydney News (11 January 1866), 10


Musical instrument maker, cabinet maker, carver

Arrived VDL (TAS), 1842
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by 1849
Died Launceston, TAS, 5 September 1892, aged 76


"SERAPHINE", Launceston Examiner (4 August 1849), 5

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 August 1849), 777

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (19 August 1849), 804

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (6 September 1892), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

Barbara Payne, "Sadler, Robert James (1846-1923)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Sadler's son

SAFFERY, Edward Charles

Teacher of music, lecturer on music, piano tuner

Born Ramsgate, England; baptised 15 December 1808
Married Mary Barker, NSW, 1834
Departed Australia, ? c.1847
Died Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 20 April 1875, "aged 64"


Saffery was the son of Thomas Norwood Saffery, musician, and Sarah Elizabeth Penfield (1776-1840); relatives include Osmond Saffery and Thomas Goodban, musicians active in Canterbury. Saffery was in Australia by 1834 when he married a convict Mary Barker; nevertheless, only four years later he was reported in the press as taking an interest in another convict woman. After being active musically in the Singleton district, Saffery disappears from Australian record after early 1847. By 1855 he was evidently in the United States, where three musical prints bear his name:

Malakoff polka (Hurrah! hurrah! Sebastopol is taken ... composed by J. A. Ross, arranged for piano by E. C. Saffery) (Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1855)

The rail-road quick step (by E. C. Saffery) (Boston: Oliver Ditson, [18-])

The Union volunteers (Song by E. C. Saffery) (Chicago: Root & Cady, 1861)

He was listed in the 1861 Canadian census, and was teaching music at the Horton Academy, Wolfville, in 1865.


"GOODBAN, THOMAS", in Sainsbury, A dictionary of musicians (1825), 287

NSW-RBDMV18341134 [18/1834]

"DRAWING", The Sydney Monitor (9 May 1838), 2

"DEATHS", The Gentleman's Magazine (July 1840), 106

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 June 1841), 4

"MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (11 October 1845), 3

On the evening of the 6th instant Mr. Saffery, assisted by the amateur band of Patrick's Plains, gave a musical divertisement at Muswell Brook, which was numerously and respectably attended. The pieces selected for performance might have been more interesting, yet the music went well, every exertion being made by Mr. S. and his party to give effect to what they had undertaken, and to gratify their audience. We hope at no distant day to have another opportunity of hearing Mr. Saffery, and that the success which has attended this concert will stimulate the Singleton band to increased assiduity in their musical practisings.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (12 July 1845), 2

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (26 July 1845), 3

The lecture on music, by Mr. Saffery, went off with great eclat, last Monday night. He commenced his lecture by proving the antiquity of the science, telling the names of a variety of musical instruments, principally ancient, and then proceeded to explain the meaning of notation and accent, as applied to music. The lecture was interspersed with some very amusing anecdotes, and to convey a correct idea of accent, "Rory O'More" was played, as an illustration, with and without it. The other illustrations, vocal and instrumental, were very good, and well executed. The Singleton amateur band contributed their assistance to the amusement of the evening; and, to shew the attraction that music possesses over every other subject, the court house was more crowded than on any former occasion.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1846), 3

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (17 June 1846), 2

The Singleton little band, notwithstanding the removal of Mr. Saffery, did their best in the musical department.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (6 January 1847), 2

Thanks: For information (including image of death certificate) provided by family historian Serena McLaren (Saffery), UK.

SAGE, Bobby (Robert)

Boy chorister (Trinity Church), timber merchant

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), late 1840s
Died Launceston, TAS, 1880, in the 41st year of his age


"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (8 July 1880), 2

"REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

... The first instrument used in Trinity Church was a seraphine, which was lent by Mr. Reibey. Old Mr. Howson used at one time to play and train the choir, which mainly consisted of sweet-voiced little boys. One of them, Bobby Sage (now dead), became a timber merchant, predecessor to Mr. John Ellis ...

ST. ALBIN, Mr. ( ? Edmund Gustavus; Edmond Gustavus ST. ALBYN; Mr. ST. ALBIN, ST. ALBAN, ST. ALBANS)

Comic vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Mr. St. Albin is documented as having been briefly active in Melbourne as a comic vocalist from January to March 1853, in company with several other recently arrived vocalists, including John Gregg, George Laberne, David De Courcy, and the pianist and musical director Edward Salaman.

He is perhaps Edmond Gustavus St. Albin (1829-1872), son of the dancing-master, William Benning St. Albin (c.1801-1853; originally Albin) and younger brother of the leading London vocalist Alfred St. Albin, later St. Albyn (1826-1871). My thanks to Kurt Ganzl (July 2018) for information on the St. Albin family.


[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5 

Will take place on Friday next, October 15th, 1852, at the Mechanics' Institution,
Mrs. Testar
Mr. John Gregg }
Mr. Percy Williams } First appearance in Victoria
Mr. St. Albans
Mr. Charles Wilkie, Solo Concertinest
Mr Buddee, Pianist
Concert to commence at eght o'clock precisely.
Song - Mr. St. Albans, Normandy Maid
Cavatina -.Mrs. Testar, Mi ja Tilio - Pucci
Recit and Air - Mr John Gregg - Rage the angry storm - Benedict
Solo Concertina - Mr Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr Percy Williams, Thou art gone from my gaze - Linly
Ballad - Mr John Gregg, In this old Chair - Balfe
Trio - Mrs Testar, Mr St Albans, and Mr Grieg, The Magic Wove Scarf - Barnet
Ballad - Mr Percy Williams, Then you'll remember me - Balfe
Scotoh Ballad - Mrs Testar - My ain Countrie
Solo Concertina - Mr Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr John Gregg, The heart bowed down - Balfe
Song - Mr St Albans - The Slave
Song - Mr Charles Wilkie - The Maid of Llanwellyn - Purday
Song - Mr Percy William - When time hath bereft thee - Cooke
Tickets 5s each to be obtained at the Music and Pianoforte Saloon, 15, Collins-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1853), 5 

and TEMPLE OF HARMONY, in the splendid Large Room of the above Hotel, open from 7 until 11 o'clock every evening, except Monday.
From the Lyceum Theatre, London
Chops, Steaks, Kidneys, &c., until half-past Ten o'clock.
The best Billiard Room in Melbourne, at Mr. C. WILKIE'S,
AT THE Royal Hotel, Collins-street, west.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 March 1853), 1 

PUBLIC NOTICE. MR. JOHN GREGG, Mr. St Albin, Mr. Cumming, Mr. Laberne, Mr. Moran, and Mr. Hamilton, sing their popular songs every evening at the Melbourne Coal Hole, Millchester Inn, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre, at Eight o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12 

MESSRS GREGG and ST. ALBIN are nightly at the Coal Hole, Manchester Inn, Queen-street, opposite the Theatre . . . COME and hear Mr. St. Albin's new local comic songs, "Fetch a Rushlight," "Botanical Gardens," and "The Melbourne Post Office," at the Coal Hole, opposite the Theatre. Admission, one shilling.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1855), 6 

GENERAL POST OFFICE, MELBOURNE. List of Unclaimed Letters for the week ending 23rd February, 1855. No. 7 . . . 2105 St. Albin, Edmund, Melbourne . . .

Vitruvian Loddge, no. 103; Register of Admissions: London 'A', GSL-108, 200; England, United Grand Lodge of England Freemason Membership Registers, 1751-1921

1866, Feb. 14 / St Albyn / Edmund Gustavus / Walnut Tree Walk / Vocalist

"Bankrupts", Law Times, the Journal and Record of the Law and Lawyers (30 November 1867), 89 

ST. ALBYN, EDMOND GUSTAVUS, tobacconist, Lower Kennington-la. Pet. Nov. 19 . . .

Register of baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Mark's, Kennington . . . in the year [1870], register 1849-80

[18]70 Nov. 13 / Edmund Gustavus / Edmund Gustavus & Emma Annie / St. Albyn / 28 Clayton Street / Traveller

"OBITUARY", The Western Champion [Barcaldine, QLD] (18 July 1925), 17 

The death of Mrs. Emma Annie Barnes at the residence of her eldest daughter, Mrs. J. Soley, last Tuesday morning severs another link in the chain of our old residents. The late Mrs. Barnes was born at Highgate Hill, London, on 29th April, 1840, and was therefore 85 years of age at the time of her death. The late Mrs. Barnes was well connected in England, and was a highly intellectual lady. She was twice married, her first marriage being with Mr. E. G. St. Albin when she was 17 years of age. St. Albin was principal tenor of the Royal Italian Opera Company. From the marriage one son was the issue. This son, in later years, developed his father's beautiful voice, and we have been shown proofs that he sang before Royalty at Windsor Castle. The son is still alive in America, but the Barnes family can not trace him. For fourteen years the late Mrs. Barnes toured with her husband. The second marriage to the present Mr. Barnes, who is still going strong in his 84th year, was solemnised in St. Peter's Church, Hackney Road. London, in 1874 . . .

ST. CLAIR, Marie (Mrs. Marie LLOYD)

Contralto, mezzo-soprano vocalist (pupil of Lucy Chambers)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1873
Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1932

ST. CLAIR, Madeline

Soprano vocalist



"MR. SUMMERS'S CONCERT", The Argus (10 November 1873), 6

"MR. A. ANDERSON'S FIRST CONCERT", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (26 June 1875), 5

... Mdlle. St. Clair has a full, rich, sonorous voice, which is equal in power and flexibility throughout its extensive compass. She seems to have great command, and sings with ease as well as with a considerable degree of taste and expression. Senor Cecchi is not so great as a performer either in natural power or in the art of rendering the music. Still he is a good singer, and harmonised very beautifully in his duets with Mdlle. St. Clair.

"FIRST ST. CLAIR CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (10 January 1876), 7

On Saturday, January 8, Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, with a talented company, gave the first of a series of 12 concerts in White's Rooms. The programme consisted of a varied selection of vocal and instrumental music from the best composers, and the performance was good throughout. The company consists of Mdlle. St. Clair, Mrs. Smythe (formerly known as Miss Amelia Bailey), Mr. Beaumont Bead, and Mr. Edward Farley, all of whom have visited Adelaide before; and our resident professors, Mr. John Hall and Mr. Landergan ...

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1876), 3

... The concert on Saturday evening was a successful affair. In addition to Miss Bessie Harrison, who is a very favourite vocalist, and Mr. Andrew Fairfax, whose songs are rendered with that verve which makes them so popular, a new vocalist, Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, made her debut before a Sydney audience. This young lady is a pupil of Madame Lucy Chambers, and has evidently bestowed great pains on the cultivation of a naturally good mezzo soprano voice. The Exhibition building is not built for concerts, and is large enough to try to the uttermost the power and capabilities of any voice. Hence the musical entertainments are rarely so well heard by the audience as desirable; and the greater are the difficulties against which a stranger has to contend. Mdlle. St Clair, however, made a most favourable impression on her hearers. She sang the brindisi from "Lucretia," and a song of Sullivan's, eliciting, in the first case, the rare honour of a double encore. This young lady will, there is little doubt, prove a favourite in Sydney, especially when she has the opportunity of be heard under more favourable circumstances.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (9 October 1880), 706

Miss Marie St. Clair, one of the best contraltos we have had in the colony for many years, is, sad to say, going to leave us, and settle in Queensland; and, worse than that, is going to take her sister, Miss Madeleine St. Clair, one of the most promising sopranos who have made their debut on the Sydney stage. Miss St. Clair has always been ready to help other people, and now she herself is to have a farewell benefit concert, which will take place on Tuesday evening next at the School of Arts.

"MDLLE ST. CLAIR'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (23 October 1880), 16

"MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", Daily Telegraph (15 December 1884), 3

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (26 December 1885), 9

The Sydney Philharmonic Society will produce Handell's [sic] "Messiah" at the Exhibition Building, on Christmas night. Mons. Henri Kowalski will act as conductor. The principal singers will be Mrs. Armstrong [Nellie Melba], Miss Marie St. Clair, Mr. Frank Boyle, and Mr. F. J. Hallewell.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (19 October 1908), 5

Many old Sydney residents will recall with pleasure the names of Marie and Madeline St. Clair, two sisters whose performances in concert, oratorio and operatic work gained for them a leading position in music circles. Both married, and for some few years retired from public life, but Marie St. Clair, pow Mdme. Lloyd, has been, for some time past teaching singing both in Melbourne and Sydney. This week she arrived in Western Australia, and proceeded to Kalgoorlie on a visit to some old. friends residing there, and it is probable that during her stay Mdme. Lloyd will make some professional appearances.

"MRS. MARIE LLOYD", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1932), 5

The death has occurred of Mrs. Marie Lloyd, formerly Marie St. Clair, who was a member of the original Gilbert and Sullivan Company in Australia. She appeared as Buttercup in the first authorised version of "Pinafore," presented by J. C. Williamson, Ltd., at the Theatre Royal, in November, 1879. Her remains were taken to Melbourne for interment in the family grave in the Roman Catholic section of the Melbourne General Cemetery.

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1932), 7

"FUNERAL NOTICES", The Argus (18 July 1932), 1 

ST. CLAIR, Ernest (? Albert)

Baritone (bass) vocalist

Active 1880s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1879), 2

"SIMONSEN'S OPERA COMPANY", The Mercury (22 November 1880), 3

Mr. St. Clair sang the music to Dick Deadeye excellently, and acted it sufficiently without making himself unnecessarily prominent, a great fault with most Deadeyes. His solo (interpolated) with chorus, at the opening of the second act, was deservedly re-demanded.

"St. Clair Comic Opera Company", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (29 December 1881), 2

ON Monday evening last the Mechanics' hall was crowded to excess, by a very respectable audience, when the above company produced Lecocq's comic opera "Girofle Girofla," each character in which was cleverly sustained. Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, as Aurore, the wife of Bolero, throws great spirit into her acting; and shows that she has studied her part to advantage, and possesses a rich and powerful contralto voice, the sweet mellowness of which entrances the listener; her depth of tone and the expression of feeling thrown into the theme in hand imparts pleasure to all. Her sister Madeline, a young lady about seventeen years of age, plays the part of the twin sisters to perfection, and being gifted with a soprano voice of large compass, and which has much improved since her last visit to Goulburn, she keeps the audience happy ... As Bolero, the husband of Aurore, Mr. Otto Fisher sustained the character well, and the feeling and humour thrown into this gentleman's acting fairly brought down the house. Mr. Ernest St. Clair as Mourzouk, in the costume of a Moorish chief, was perfect, his rich baritone voice being heard to great advantage. Mr. Henry Vaughan takes the character of Marasquin and a lover of Girofle, and goes through the several parts without a fault. He has a fair tenor voice, and used it to advantage; and in the love scene he threw much vivacity and humour. Mr. J. A. Delaney presided at the piano ... The entertainment was concluded by Sullivan's satirical operetta, "Trial by Jury", which was well sustained all through. On Tuesday evening the hall was again filled, when the company presented Offenbach's comic opera, "The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein," ...

"ERNEST ST. CLAIR V. CHARLES TURNER", South Australian Register (15 November 1883), 2s

Ernest St Clair, the plaintiff, said he was a vocalist. Had sung in public over seven years, and professionally four. Was with Williamson's Opera Company, the leading company in the colonies, and went in from the first in a leading position. Then he went in Simonsen's Company, lasting one over eighteen months, and the second six months. After that he was with the South Opera Company as baritone, travelling in New South Wales. After that he was specially engaged with Dunning's Company as baritone. Had played in thirty-five operas. Took the part of Count Arnheim in the "Bohemian Girl," Don Jose in "Maritana," Arimanes in "Satanella," Plunkett in "Martha", Bellamy in the "Hermit's Bell," Kasparin in "Der Freischutz," General Boom in "The Grand Duchess," and other parts. Mr. Smith was agent for Simonsen, and he (witness) had been under his management nearly two years and a half. He knew his capabilities well. Met Mr. Turner about nine months ago going to Brisbane ...

"ERNEST ST. CLAIR V. CHARLES TURNER", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (24 November 1883), 12 


Comic vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1835


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 June 1835), 3 

... Comic Song - "Bill Bounce" by MR. ST. GEORGE, his first Appearance on this Stage ...

SALAMAN, Edward (earlier and later regularly SALAMON; occasionally SALOMAN)

Pianist, conductor, Professor of Music and Singing, composer

Born ? 1818/19
Active Melbourne-Bendigo, VIC, by December 1852
Died Sandhurst, VIC, 19 September 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to his death record (1876), Edward Salamon was the son of Samuel Salamon and Esther Lyons; his first death notice in the Argus spells his name Salamon; however, a second notice placed by his sister gives it as Salaman, the English spelling more commonly preferred earlier in the century, and followed here, and as used most commonly in Bendigo in the 1850s and 1860s.

As "Mr. Salamon", "from the London concerts", he first appeared in Melbourne along with a company of recently arrived Londoners, including John Gregg and Charles Thatcher, in December 1852. Later claiming to be "From the Royal Academy of Music, London", he was active in Melbourne during 1853, and toured to Hobart as pianist for John Winterbottom in November.

According to eye-witness Arthur Montague (writing in 1925), he was involved with the Melbourne Philharmonic for which, in 1854, he arranged the overtures of Zampa and Der Freischutz for 6 pianos. By 1853-54, he was in Bendigo by 1853 and 1854, where he settled, and where his The Hotham galop, "A new galop ... composed by Mr. Salaman, of Sandhurst, was played before His Excellency and lady on the occasion of their visit to the Exhibition". He continued touring and was back in Hobart, playing piano for the Dons and Frederick Coppin at the Theatre Royal in February 1862, before taking over as the musical director there for the winter season.

There is a letter to the press from Salaman concerning his very popular trio Sweet is the breath of morning (programmed at one of Winterbottom's Melbourne concerts as early as 1854) while he was in Dunedin, New Zealand, in November 1862, sung again while he was still in New Zealand in March 1863 touring with Maria Carandini, Walter Sherwin, and Richard Kohler. The Howsons gave "Salaman's brilliant Trio" again in Ballarat in October 1863. The trio and six solo songs were published posthumously in 1883 (a copy of the trio survives at University of Melbourne:

According to press reports at the time, he was uncle of the English composer Edward Solomon (1855-1895), whose nautical operetta Billie Taylor was a hit in Britain and America. A year after his death his widow Annie remarried. After his death, too, Mrs. Selina Salamon, began advertising as a teacher of music in Bendigo; was she his mother, or perhaps a sister-in-law?


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

Mr Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts) ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1853), 7 

MR. E. SALAMON, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing, continues to give lessons in the above accomplishments. Apply 167, Great Lonsdale-street, east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 November 1853), 4

"WINTERBOTTOM'S LAST CONCERT", The Courier (10 November 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

"BENDIGO", Colonial Times (21 September 1854), 2

"BENDIGO ... PATRIOTIC BALL", The Argus (1 October 1855), 6

"TESTIMONIAL TO MR. SALAMAN", Bendigo Advertiser (11 December 1855), 3

290, Golden Lodge of Bendigo, Sandhurst, Victoria, No. 924, admissions for year 1856; in register of admissions, United Grand Lodge of England; Library and Museum of Freemasony 

[1856] May 27 / July 15 / Leeman / Frederick Augustus / 32 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] [May 27] / July 8 / Aug. 19 / Salaman / Edward / 31 / Professor of Music . . .
[1856] [July 15] / Aug. 19 / Sep. 15 / Dixon / John Frederick / 26 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] Oct. 10 / Lavenu / Lewis Henry / 34 / Vocalist . . .

"MR. E. SALAMON'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (11 September 1856), 2

"LOCAL COMPOSERS. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (8 February 1859), 3

"COURT OF MINES", Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 February 1862), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (27 February 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (14 April 1862), 1

"THE LATE CONCERT. To the Editor", Otago Daily Times (12 November 1862), 5

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (24 March 1863), 1

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (1 October 1863), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (21 September 1876), 1

SALAMON. - On the 10th inst., at his residence, Mundy street, Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salamon, pianist, after a severe and protracted illness. New Zealand papers please copy.

"Deaths", The Argus (25 September 1876), 1 

SALAMAN. - On the 10th inst, at Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salaman, pianist, brother to Mrs. A. Alexander, Bridge-road, Richmond. Deeply lamented.

"MARRIAGES", Bendigo Advertiser (30 November 1877), 2

"BILLEE TAYLOR", Bendigo Advertiser (21 May 1881), 1

"DIAMOND WEDDING", Bendigo Advertiser (26 August 1881), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (4 April 1883), 6

... Those who remember the Bendigo diggings, and the earliest days of Sandhurst from 1852 downwards, cannot fail to have some recollection of the talented composer of these pieces, of whose presence amongst them the musical residents of the latter place were justly proud in those now distant days. He was musical director for Lady Don and other celebrities in the lime when the two Shamrocks, one at Sandhurst and the other at Epsom, were nightly giving admirable concerts under the management of Messrs. Heffernan and Crowley, when all the great singers of the day took their turn of duty in the golden city, and when Lavenu and Pollard were the leading accompanists, and when Salamon was their equal in talent in every respect.

"AN OLD BENDIGONIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1884), 2



Prominent Sydney auctioneer Edward Salamon (d.1860) also occasionally advertised musical instruments for sale: [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1855), 3:

"THE LATE EDWARD SALAMON. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1860), 3:

Our musician appears not to have been a close relative of Charles Kensington Salaman:,_Charles_Kensington_(DNB12)



Contralto vocalist

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

SALAMON, Selina, R.A.M.

Teacher of the pianoforte and singing

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1877; Sydney, NSW, 1878


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (31 March 1877), 3

MRS. SELINA SALAMON, of Royal Academy of Music, London, Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing, is prepared to Receive a Limited Number of Pupils; Residence-Mundy-street, Sandhurst.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (9 October 1877), 1

[News], Bendigo Advertiser (22 January 1878), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1878), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1878), 1

SALIER, John Jabez

Conductor, vocal instructor, vocalist, lecturer

Born London, 12 December 1821 (son of Revd George Cody SALIER and Ann HAYATT)
Active Hobart, TAS, by April 1851
Died Arncliffe, NSW, 27 October 1884, 'aged 64 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Active in Hobart by late 1850, John Salier was conducting a singing class, "on Hullah's system", at Hobart's Mechanics' Institute in April 1851, as well as giving musical entertainments; he continued the class into 1853 with the help of William Russell.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 December 1850), 3

"THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTION", Colonial Times (29 April 1851), 2

"INTELLECTUAL AND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Colonial Times (17 October 1851), 3

"MUSICAL LECTURE", Colonial Times (13 February 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3


"TESTIMONIALS", Colonial Times (10 February 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 May 1855), 3

"SUDDEN DEATH", Singleton Argus (29 October 1884), 2

Mr. John Salier, late Public school teacher, and well known in the musical profession, was coming into town this morning to give a music lesson when he fell down in a epileptic fit and died shortly afterwards.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Australasian (1 November 1884), 28 

The death is announced of Mr. John Salier, for many years identified with Congregationalism, and widely know and respected as the organiser and leader of the children's service of song in connexion with that body.

SALOM, Mark (SALOME) = Mr. MUNYARD (alias)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1845
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850


"MR. DEANE'S CONCLUDING LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Australian (11 September 1845), 3

Burns' famous drinking song "Willie brewed a Peck o'Maut" was admirably sung and acted, too, by Messrs. Waller, Mountcastle, and Salter, but not to Burns' music. We could not, like the stranger, exclaim we had "heard that air before", nevertheless, a beautiful air it was, and elicited the rapturous encore it so well deserved.

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (20 December 1845), 299

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1850), 3

SALVADO, Frutos (Miguel; Santos)

Benedictine monk, organist, composer

Born Tuy, Galicia, 11 July 1811 (elder brother of Rosendo Salvado, below)
Active Western Australia, c.1868-79
Died Pontevedra, Spain, 17 April 1894 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

Carreira 1989

SALVADO, Rosendo

Pianist, composer, music teacher, Benedictine monk, transcriber of Indigenous song

Born Tuy, Galicia, Spain, 1 March 1814
Arrived (1) Fremantle, WA, January 1846; departed 1849 (for Europe)
Arrived (2) Perth, 1853; New Norcia, from 1857 (abbot, from 1867)
Died Rome, Italy, 29 December 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Perth Gazette (23 May 1846), 2

Pursuant to announcement, Don Rosendo Salvado gave a Dell' Academia di Piano-Forte at the Court House, Perth, on Thursday last, the object being for the benefit of the natives of Nursia, where this gentleman has taken up his abode, and is most indefatigably and strenuously carrying out a system of civilization among the aboriginal inhabitants of that portion of our territory. The devoted zeal with which Mr. Salvado has entered upon such an enterprise, commends him to our favourable consideration, and whether he be Roman Catholic or Protestant, his endeavours to attain such an end should not be viewed with anything like sectarian principles. That we have neglected to accomplish - Mr. Salvado promises to accomplish - it will be high time to exult over his failure - if perchance it should occur, but, in the interim, we should pause - before we cast unjust reflections upon his endeavours and pronounce his energies faulty - because he is a Roman Catholic. Such illiberal notions may be in some men's minds, but we sincerely hope they are not prevalent throughout the Protestant community.

It was a matter of surprise to us, in which opinion we have reason to believe the public concurred, that any individual should undertake the task of amusing an audience for three hours by his sole exertions. Such an end has seldom or ever been attained, but we must pronounce this an unique performance, the Piano was made to discourse most eloquent music under the touch of Mr. Salvado - sounds were produced which could not be anticipated out of any instrument. The principal selections were from works of the modern school; as they required action and the vocal addenda, the principal interest was lost. However to make amends for this, the style of Mr. Salvado's playing, as far as could be effected on a piano, was most distinguished. Our younger branches of the community who have a taste for music, and are in the habit of practising, must have gleaned much intelligence and practical knowledge from this exhibition. It is much to be regretted that Mr. Salvado should resign himself to a bush life, where his eminent talents must be wasted; it is a serious loss to the community, and we seriously apprehend that his enthusiasm in the cause he has undertaken, will be ill requited. May it be otherwise, and restore to the civilized portion of this territory, the talent - of so deserving, meritorious, and distinguished an assistant in the cause of harmony, whether with the blacks or the whites.

[News], Inquirer (27 May 1846), 3

On Thursday last, Don Rosendo Salvado, one of the Roman Catholic Missionaries, gave a Soirée Musicale at the Court house, Perth, in aid of the funds for his mission to convert and civilise the aborigines of this territory; the zealous missionary having devoted himself to this task, and already taken up his abode in the bush, in the neighbourhood of the Moore River.

The entertainment was limited to Don Rosendo's own performances on the pianoforte, with the addition of one Spanish national song, which Don Rosendo gave with a spirit and finish which we have heard much admired. With respect to Don Rosendo's capabilities, he is most undoubtedly a very fine performer, having a command over his instrument such as is only possessed by first-rate players. He has, besides, a most extraordinary natural talent for music, which enables him to improvise the most charming fugues, either upon some well-known air, or upon some theme composed by himself on the instant; the latter being, in our opinion, by far the most effective part of his performances.

The pieces played on Thursday last were mostly out of the Opera of Norma, and we are quite ready to believe that the delightful airs with which this opera abounds, received new point and beauty from the genius of the performer. We have heard the number of visitors estimated at about 60, which would make the proceeds somewhere about £8 or £9.

Selected musical works:

Fantasia, variaciones y final para piano-forte, compuestas y dedicadas a la excelentisima señora Condesa Lebzenltern (DIGITISED)

Gran walz fantastic o sea, un cuarto de ora en la Tertulia, compuesto y dedicado a la senora Marquesa Santasilia 

Missa a 4 voces, R. Salvado, OSB [Mass in C major for 4 mixed voices] (DIGITISED)

Pequeño entretenimiento con aire de marcha compuesto y dedicado a la virtuosa señorita Paquita Patrelli por Rosendo Salvado 

"Maquielo: cancion de baile de los Australianos occidentales", in Salvado 1853, unnumbered page after 314 (DIGITISED)

See main entry on this transcription in checklist of Indigenous songs


Select bibliography and resources:

"MARZO. Dia 1, 1814", in Baltasar Saldoni, Diccionario Biográfico- bibliogárfico de efemérides de músicos españoles ... tomo segundo (Madrid: Antonio Perez Dubrull, 1880), 61-63 

Birt, Benedictine pioneers, 1, 468-96, especially 474-75 

Giminez 1967 

Carreira 1989

Ros 1992 

Special care notice:

Salvado's legacy at New Norcia has become a contested subject, and inevitably his musical activities are also now being subjected to closer scrutiny. As early as 1903, the Indigenous activist A. M. Fernando quoted an Indigenous worker at New Norcia as answering his question "How do they treat you?": "When the Bishop [Salvado] was alive it was bad enough but now it is worse" (in Fiona Paisley, The lone protester, 27: As a missionary educator, Salvado, stands accused of regularly "removing" Aboriginal children without permission from their parents' custody; Salvado sent five young Aboriginal children (the youngest aged seven) to Europe to be educated in church institutions there, with the tragic result that all died there, the last in 1855; see Stephen Hills, "'The grand experiment of the civilisation of the Aborigines': a missionary endeavour in Western Australia", in Amanda Barry, Joanna Cruickshank, Andrew Brown-May and Patricia Grimshaw (eds), Evangelists of empire?: missionaries in colonial history,(Melbourne: University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2008), 145-59: 


Amateur choral singer, composer, architect

Born c.1843/4
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1861 (or earlier) (described 1874 as an "old colonist")
Died Richmond, VIC, 18 June 1902, aged 58


[News], The Argus (1 October 1874), 5

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 February 1876), 5

[News], The Argus (5 August 1876), 7

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (18 July 1877), 6

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (5 February 1878), 7

... "All are Sleeping," composed for and dedicated to the Metropolitan Liedertafel by an accomplished amateur who modestly hides his name under the initials W. S., and is known here in musical circles by the works he has published under the nom de plume "Sidonia".

"METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 October 1878), 6

"MUSIC", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 9

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1902), 9


So far away, written by Emery Gould, composed by Sidonia, dedicated to Miss Lennon, Geelong (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1876]) (DIGITISED)

Remembrance, song, words by Hamilton Aide, music by Sidonia (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkie's), [? 1880-]) (DIGITISED)

"LOVE AND THEE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 12 (DIGITISED)

SAMS, Frederic

Vocalist, comic singer, comedian, flautist, agent

Active NSW and VIC, 1853-59
" ? Died NSW, September 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1853), 3 

February 21st, by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, L.L.D., Mr. Frederic Sams, only son of Joseph Sams, Esq., Antiquarion [sic], of Great Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn, London, to Sophia Jane Elizabeth, only surviving daughter of the late Mr. Henry William Burgin, of Parramatta.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 October 1854), 3 

[Advertisement], Empire (30 September 1863), 1 

SANDER, Conrad

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.


Tenor vocalist, choral singer

Born Stockton, Yorkshire, England, c. 1822
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 June 1849 (per Edward Parry, from London, 9 March, and Plymouth 20 March)
Died North Adelaide, 20 October 1901, in his 80th years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian (22 June 1849), 2 


. . . Several clergymen assisted in reading the morning service; the choir, under the able direction of Mr. Greenwood, organist of the church, giving every effect to the musical and intoned portions. Nothing so nearly resembling a Cathedral service had before been heard in South Australia. Handel's immortal recitative and chorus "Comfort ye my people," and "Every valley shall be exalted," were introduced by Mr. Sanderson, one of the choir . . .

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (3 May 1855), 3 

The first concert of this Society was given last evening in the Baptist Chapel, Lefevre-terrace . . . The first part concluded with a solo and chorus called "Zion." The solo was taken by a tenor singer, Mr. Sanderson, and was well sung, a little move modulation only being wanted . . .

? "DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (23 February 1864), 2 

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (22 October 1901), 4

Two old colonists have just joined the great majority, Mr. Henry Everard, aged 76, and Mr. Francis Sanderson, aged 80 years, both of whom resided in Tynte-street, North Adelaide. Mr. Sanderson was a Yorkshireman, and was born at Stockton. He came to South Australia in the ship Sir Edward Parry about 1848. He was a member of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, and some years ago was a tenor singer of considerable prominence. He was in business as a saddler in Grenfell-street on the site now occupied by the British and Foreign Bible Society . . .

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (23 October 1901), 4 

Mr. Francis Sanderson, whose death at Tynte street, North Adelaide, took place on Sunday, was for many years in business in Grenfell street as a saddler. He was born in Yorkshire, and came to South Australia about 53 years ago. He was an active worker in connection with friendly society enterprises. He took a great interest in music, and was at one time a leading tenor in several choral societies and a member of a church choir. He leaves a widow and two daughters - Mrs. George Green, of Malvern, and Mrs. H. L. Hurst.


Vocalist, guitar player (New Orleans Serenaders; Howard's Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? [Advertisement], The Scotsman (17 November 1847), 1 (PAYWALL)


? "NEW ORLEANS SERENADERS", Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette (27 May 1848), 3

This talented comnany, consisting of Messrs. Sandford, Burke, Ole Bull, Rainer, Collins, and Swaine, gave two entertainments on Monday and Tuesday last in the Council Chamber, by permission of the worshipful the Mayor. The performances on each evening gave the greatest satisfaction, and the applause which followed each piece showed that their talents were appreciated in a manner that they deservedly merited. A solo on the violin, by Ole Bull, jun., was very cleverly performed, and elicited great applause. A burlesque of an Italian opera, in which the prima donnas of the day were imitated, was given by the company, and was much admired.

DISAMBIGUATION: "SAMUEL S. SANFORD", New York Clipper (18 February 1893), 1-2 

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1852), 1

"HOWARD'S SERENADERS", Freeman's Journal (16 September 1852), 10 

It will be seen by advertisement, that Mr. J. W. Sandford, the Guitar player of the above talented company, takes his benefit to-morrow night, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel. From the well known vocal and instrumental abilities of this talented serenader, it is to be hoped that the public will give him a bumper, which he certainly deserves.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1852), 1

SANDON, Charles Thomas

Music publisher, music retailer, stationer (? violinist)

Born c. 1828; baptised St. James, Westminster, 4 May 1828, son of Benjamin SANDON and Kezia BETTERBEE
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Balmain West, Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1900, "aged 75" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1854), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. SALOON OF MAGIC. THIS EVENING, and during the Week, PROFESSOR HORACE SIDNEY will have the honour of offering an entirely new entertainment . . . CHARLES T. SANDON, Manager.

[Advertisements], The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (23 June 1855), 14 

C. T. SANDON AND COMPANY beg to notify to the public that they have taken the premises lately occupied by Henry Marsh and Co., 171, George-street, where they purpose carrying on business as Musicsellers, Print, and Booksellers, and general Stationers. C. T. SANDON having for a lengthened period taken an active part in the management of the business of Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke, trusts from his experience and general knowledge of the requirements of the inhabitants of New South Wales, that his carefully selected stock will be found to consist of all that is required to merit a share of the public patronage.

NEW MUSIC; A CHOICE selection of the newest English music, just-opened, consisting of the compositions of D'Albert, Jullien, and all the celebrated composers, most of which are beautifully embellished With Baxter's oil prints! C. T. SANDON & CO., (late H. Marsh and Co.) 171, George-street.

PIANOFORTES, Flutinas, and other musical instruments tuned and repaired. C. T, SANDON and CO.

D'ALBEKT'S and JULLIEN'S' Albums, for 1855. C. T. U SANDON and Co.

MUSICAL CONSERVATORY and Fine Arts Repository. On view several new and choice, engravings. C. T. SANDON and CO.

NEW WEEKLY MUSICAL PUBLICATION. - The undersigned beg to inform the public that they have been appointed sole agents for the sale of the New Weekly Musical Cadeau. Terms - six shillings per quarter, payable in advance. C. T. SANDON and CO., 171, George-street.

H. MARSH AND CO. beg to inform the public that they have transferred the retail portion of their music business to Messrs. C. T. SANDON AND CO., of 171, George-street. Wholesale orders will he received at their New Music Hall - the Sydney Exchange Rooms.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1856), 5

JUST PUBLISHED.- ONDINE POLKA, and the Last Rose of Summer. C. T. SANDON, 171, George-street, next Empire Office.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1856), 10

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1875), 1

MR. CHARLES SANDON, Violinist, attends evening and quadrille parties. 294, Castlereagh-street.

"Our Sydney Letter", The Queenslander (21 April 1877), 26

Charles T. Sandon, a George-street bookseller, has failed, with liabilities amounting to £16,745; his assets are £2114. This is the heaviest failure we have had for a long time, and it has brought down one small house with it. The liabilities of the insolvent are distributed amongst about a dozen creditors, the heaviest loser being the Bank of New South Wales.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1900), 1

SANDON. - January 4, 1900, at 10 Perritt-street, Balmain West, Charles Thomas Sandon, for many years bookseller and stationer, George-street, city, aged 75 years.


Undine polka (1856) (also advertised as "Ondine Polka")

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; but compare Woolcott and Clarke's edition

The last rose of summer (1856) (DIGITISED)

Heartease (ballad; composed ... by Glentworth Addison) (Sydney: Sandon & Co., [1858]) 

The red, white and blue ("a popular national air") (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1856]) 

Le pillet ("composed by Edwin H. Cobley") (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1860]) 

Loyalty! or, God save our queen ("words by C. et A.; music by Charles S. Packer" (Sydney: C. T. Sandon, 1883) 

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 231 (main entry only) (DIGITISED)


Baritone vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1881 (per Ringarooma, from New Zealand, with the Lynch family of bellringers)
Died ? Melbourne, VIC, 24 October 1922, aged 66 years"Alfred+Santley" (TROVE search)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (27 February 1880), 2

[Advertisement], Oamaru Mail (7 April 1880), 3

MR. ALFRED SANTLEY (Primo Baritone and Comique from the Principal London Birmingham, and Manchester Theatres, His First Appearance in New Zealand.)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (7 January 1881), 4

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (1 March 1881), 2

"THE LYNCH FAMILY", Launceston Examiner (2 May 1882), 2

"HUGO'S BUFFALO MINSTRELS", Bendigo Advertiser (20 April 1885), 2

"TELEGRAPHIC", Launceston Examiner (13 March 1889), 2

"Crystal Theatre", Barrier Miner (23 December 1898), 4

The Theatre will be in full swing again on Boxing Night with the performance of the Austral Minstrel Variety Company, the members of which will arrive by express from Melbourne tomorrow morning. A number of the performers are well known to Broken Hill, including Mr. Dave Gardner, who appeared here some time ago with "Tommy" Hudson's Surprise Porty, and Messrs. John Matlock and Alf. Santley, late of Hugo's Buffalo Minstrels ...

? "DEATHS", The Argus (28 October 1922), 11

SANTLEY, Charles

Baritone vocalist

Born UK, 28 February 1834
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 May 1889 (per R.M.S. Oceana)
Departed Adelaide, SA, July 1890
Died UK, 22 September 1922 (NLA persistent identifier)


"VISIT OF MR. SANTLEY TO AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1889), 7

"MR. CHARLES SANTLEY", South Australian Register (13 May 1889), 7

... he said that his object in visiting the colonies was partly with a view to business, as well as with the object of getting a respite from the arduous duties of his engagements in England ... As to the opinion of English people on music in Australia, Mr. Santley remarked that very little is thought or cared for on this subject. He was reticent in expressing any opinion respecting Mr. Cowen's claim to have elevated the taste for music in Australia ... To day Mr. Santley will be publicly received and welcomed to the colony by His Worship the Mayor in the Town Hall at noon ... The members of the Adelaide Musical Association are expected to be present, and sing an "Ode of welcome" specially composed for the occasion.

"Visit of Mr. Santley. Arrival in Broken Hill", Barrier Miner (26 June 1890), 2

"MR. SANTLEY AND HIS TROUBLES", Freeman's Journal (19 July 1890), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Santley 1909, Reminiscences of my life

Includes a detailed account of his voyage and Australian tour

"Charles Santley", Wikipedia

SAPIO, Clementine De Vere

Soprano vocalist

Born Paris, 1864
Died 1954

SAPIO, Romualdo

Pianist, conductor

Born Palermo, Sicily, 1858
Died 1943

Arrived (1) Adelaide, SA, 2 May 1894 (per Ville de la Ciotat, with Camilla Urso's company)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, November 1894
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, January 1902
Departed (2) Perth, WA, March 1902



"ADELAIDE", The Argus (3 May 1894), 6

"ROMUALDO SAPIO", The Mercury (31 May 1894), 3

"SAPIO AND URSO CONCERTS", South Australian Register (22 October 1894), 7

"Signora De Vere Sapio", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 January 1902), 42

Bibliography and resources:

Recording (1914) Valse de serpents

SAQUI, Austin (Abraham SAQUI; Abraham Austin SAQUI; Austin SAQUI)

Pianist, band leader, bookmaker

Born c. 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, March 1855 (passenger per Ivanhoe, from London) Active Beechworth, VIC, by April 1855
Died Clifton Hill, Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1889, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SAQUI, Sarah (Mrs. Thomas ARMSON; later again Miss Sarah SAQUI)

Vocalist, entertainer, barmaid, "prostitute"

Born London (sister of the above)
Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1856
Married Thomas ARMSON, East Melbourne, VIC, 16 March 1864
Active Melbourne, VIC, in 1870s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The son of Isaac Saqui (1817-1873), "professor of music" of London, Abraham/Austin Saqui was working in hotels in the northern Victorian goldfields in 1855, as this report from Beechworth (Ovens and Murray Advertiser), in April-May, reveals:

A grand vocal and instrumental concert was to take place yesterday evening at the Salle de Valentino, but has been postponed until Tuesday evening, owing to the inclemency of the weather, We have really some excellent musical artistes now at Beechworth, an addition having been made to their number during the past week, by the arrival of Messrs. Peck and Saqui, the former a violinist of some celebrity; and we anticipate a great treat at their first concert.

The Peck in question was indeed the "violinist of some celebrity", George Peck

he and Saqui played at the concert room of the Eldorado Hotel, Beechworth in April (the venue in 1857 to be visited by Octavia Hamilton and Emile Coulon). Peck's main interest in the tour, however, may have been to run one of his trademark art unions, which he reportedly duly did at the Eldorado in June.

Saqui was still working in Beechworth in June 1857. Patterson reproduces a letter from Saqui, written from Beechworth, that was printed in the Bendigo press in September 1857, prior to a projected visit there. Saqui there identifies his band as consisting of "Mr. Austin Saqui, Pianist; W[illiam] Radford, Violinist; F. Percy, Bass; W. Harrison, Tenor, Charles Oakey, Comic".

Later in Melbourne, Saqui was a bookmaker and a racehorse owner; his horse Warrior won the 1869 Melbourne Cup. Recalling that even in 1910, the Sydney Mail's turf historian "Milroy" recorded:

Saqui was a musician attracted to Victoria by the glitter of gold in the digging days, but he quickly forsook the piano for the [bookmaker's] pencil, and at one time was a very wealthy man, but I have heard he died very poor indeed.


Names and descriptions of passengers, ship Ivanhoe, arrived Melbourne, VIC, March 1855

Abraham Saqui / 21 / Professor of Music / ...

"GOLD FIELDS OF THE OVENS DISTRICT", Portland Guardian (7 May 1855), 3

"MR. PECK'S ART UNION", The Argus (3 July 1855), 5

"THE OVENS. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) Beechworth, 27th Nov., 1855", The Argus (4 December 1855), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1866), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1873), 1

"Deaths", The Argus (30 August 1889), 1

"NOTES", The Sydney Mail (2 November 1910), 25,1518814

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Patterson, Nobblers and lushingtons: a history of the hotels of Beechworth and the Ovens District (Beechworth: Endymion, 2009)

SARGOOD, Frederick James

Musical amateur, vocalist, founding member Melbourne Philharmonic Society

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton)
Died 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SARGOOD, Frederick Thomas

Musical amateur, vocalist, philanthropist

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 30 May 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton)
Died (on holiday) New Zealand, 2 January 1903 (NLA persistent identifier)

SARGOOD, Marian Australia (Miss ROLFE)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Middlesex, England, 1839
Died Rippon Lea, Melbourne, VIC, 6 January 1879, aged 40


Daughter of merchant George Rolfe, Marian Rolfe married Frederick Sargood at St. Kilda on 9 September 1858. From 1868 the Sargoods lived in their new Melbourne mansion Rippon Lea. Evidently like her husband a keen musical amateur, probably a pianist and vocalist, Marian Sargood's musical legacy consists at least three albums of songs and piano pieces, each including a few Australian publications, and compiled from individual printed sheets collected during the 1850s and 1860s, which she then had bound.

Two of these albums are in public collections:

A third album, held privately by her descendent Beverley Stevens (NZ), was collected by Marian Rolfe c.1853-56, contents given below.


"MARRIAGE", The Argus (14 September 1858), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (24 January 1879), 1

"THE LATE SIR FREDERICK SARGOOD", The Argus (19 January 1903), 5

...the firing party, from the Field and Garrison Artillery, who were ... formed in front of the grave, fired three volleys of blank cartridge as a last salute, and as the echoes of the firing died away the members of the Metropolitan Liedertafel, of which the late Sir Frederick Sargood was president, sang Sullivan's beautiful part song, "The Long Day Closes," under the conductorship of Mr. Ernest Wood. Then the great crowd quietly dispersed.

Bibliography and resources:

John Rickard, "Sargood, Frederick Thomas (1834-1903)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Kate Stevens, "From 'Home sweet home' to the 'Kangaroo hunt polka': the colonial voyages of Marian Sargood's music album", in Annabel Cooper, Lachy Paterson and Angela Wanhalla (eds), The lives of colonial objects (Dunedin: Otago University Press, 2015), 87–92, 334 

Contents of Marian Rolfe album (private collection; Australian works/prints bold):

1 The Melbourne varsovienne (Composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by J. Wilkie, [185-?])

2 Sontag polka (Composed/Arranged by Charles D'Albert) (London: Chappell, [nd] copy inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe, July 1856"

3 Wanda varsovienne (by Réné Favarger, Dedicated a Miss Powell) (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)

4 The kangaroo hunt polka (Composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by Joseph Wilkie, [185-?])

5 The Victorian waltz (Composed by Mrs. Charles Terry) (Melbourne: Cyrus Mason. Lith., [1854])

6 Mazurka brilliante, etude (By Adrien Talexy) (London: Addison & Hollier,) cover inscribed: "Marian Australia Rolfe"

7 Echos du theatre, Don Carlos, Set 1. Fra Diavolo (By Alphonse Santillane (sets 2-4 not included -  2. Puritani, 3. Ernani, 4. Rigoletto) (London: Leoni Lee); cover inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe"

8 The King Pippin waltz (composed by Charles D'Albert, arranged by Edward F. Rimbault;  from a series of a series of 24 favourite melodies arranged by Edward F. Rimbault for The Young Pupil and expressly intended to follow the Instruction Book (London: Chappell); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"

9 Varsoviana nationale (composed by Aplhonse Leduc) (London: Robert Cocks & Co., [?] [with brief instructions on the steps for the Varsoviana and for the Polka Mazurka or Redowa]; cover inscribed "M. A. Rolfe"

10 The may-bells (by Mendelssohn arranged by William Hutchins Callcott) (London: Addison & Hollier); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, February / 5 (?6), Melbourne"

11 The wedding march (composed by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy) (London: Metzler & Co); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, March / 56"

12 Morceau elegante (Sur la Cavatine favorite de l'opera de Bellini "Montecchi E Capuletti" Par Ferdinand Beyer) [publisher details missing, cover torn]; cover inscribed: "Rolfe"

13 Il mio tesoro (From Mozart's Don Giovanni, Transcribed by G. A. Osborne) (London: Addison & Hollier)

14 Luisa Miller (No 8 of Operatic Airs for the Pianoforte by J. Rummel (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)

15 Ellen, mazurka brilliante et facile (par P. De Vos; Dedicated a Miss E. Leary) (London: Cramer Beale & Co)

16 La plui de perles, valse brilliant (par G. A. Osborne; Dedicated to Miss Grace Chappell) (London: Jullien & Co.); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"

17 Home, sweet home (no. 4. Of Household Melodies arranged by J. M. Gibson) (London: Duff & Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. 7/53"

18 Le Jet de Perles, Grande Polka Brilliante (By W. Neuland) (London: Leoni Lee)

19 Largo al factotum (From the opera of the Barber of Seville composed by Rossini arranged as a pianoforte piece) (No. 46 of Davidson's Popular Piano Pieces) ([London]: )

20 Dans ces instants; ou, Le coeur pense (no. 3 of the Oeuvres Choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)

21 Auf Leichtem Zweig (no. 17 of the Oeuvres Choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)

22 De conte, conte li prendi (From Bellini's opera Norma; arranged for the pianoforte by Henri Schubert) (London: H. White)

23 Herz Mein Herz (by Weber; Arranged for the Piano Forte with a Flute or Violin) (London: H. White); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. /5[?]

24 La Germandrée valse (par Stephen Glover) (London: Duff and Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, [date illegible]")

My thanks: To Sargood descendent Beverley Stevens for kindly supplying information about the family album in her possession (May 2013)

SAUERBIER, Gus. (August)

Pianist, composer (Late Pianist and Composer of the Tom Thumb Troupe)

Died Sydney, NSW, May 1888



Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1925


"ARRIVED", The Argus (8 September 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1872), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1880), 2

"DIVORCE COURT", Evening News (20 May 1885), 6

August Sauerbier, the petitioner, deposed that he was married to the respondent, Maria Sauerbier (then Kell) on April l, 1869, and for two years they lived comfortably together. There were two surviving daughters of the marriage. The witness was a musician by profession, and then left on a tour with a travelling entertainment, and was away for two years, giving her ample means of maintenance during that time. Shortly after his return, he found that his wife was giving way to drink and to stopping out at nights. Subsequent information convinced him that she was leading an immoral life, and these proceedings were ultimately begun.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1887), 2

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1888), 24

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1926), 10  


Vocalist (a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music)

Born England, 1831
Arrived Adelaide, SA, late 1857
Died 1891


Thanks to John Bishop of Adelaide for sharing information on his great-great grandmother. She came to Adelaide late in 1857 to marry her cousin, Robert Caldicott. She first appeared in public as Miss Saunders (accompanied by her cousin Harriet Caldicott) in April 1858, and again at Cesar Cutolo's concert in November as Mrs. Caldicott.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 April 1858), 1

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

Miss Saunders, a young lady, a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music, next made her debut before a South Australian audience. She possesses a fine voice highly cultivated, and, notwithstanding the nervous diffidence inseparable perhaps from a first appearance, acquitted herself in a charming manner. The air "Vaga Luna", by Bellini, was judiciously chosen, and her delightful execution of it elicited a spontaneous and hearty burst of applause, which was followed by an imperative redemand. Miss Saunders was accompanied by Miss Caldicott, an accomplished pianist. 

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (30 June 1858), 2

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", South Australian Register (23 October 1858), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 November 1858), 1


"Dancing master", "music master"

Born England, c.1799/1800
Active New South Wales, from c.1815


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, Fifth Session, 1814, 287 

542. ISAAC SAUNDERS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of April, two seals, value 30s. and a gold ring, value 4s. the property of John Jones, from his person ...

"OLD BAILEY, May 31", Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser (1 June 1814), 3

... T. Jones, J. Bainbridge, H. Hart, J. Williams, A. George, and I. Saunders to be transported for life ...

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2002, Convict theatres, 143-47, 310 notes 17 and 20

[147] ... On a list of those sailing for Port Macquarie on 26 November 1823 he appeared as serving a three-year colonial sentence and was listed ... as a dancing master. By July 1829, when sent to the Phoenix hulk to serve a further 12-month sentence for theft, he was being described as a music master ...

SAUNDERS, William (R.A.M.)

Pianist, harpist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1870


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1870), 1

MR. WILLIAM SAUNDERS, R.A.M., Harpist from the Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden, having just arrived from London, is prepared to receive Pupils for HARP and PIANO. N.B. Colleges, private academies, concerts, and quadrille assemblies attended. 40, Buckingham-street, near Exhibition Building.


"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (17 May 1875), 2

"FIGARO'S AT HOME", Queensland Figaro and Punch (5 December 1885), 33


Teacher of French, English, and Italian dancing, dancing master, sportsman (? cockfighter)

Born San Domingo / Saint-Dominique, Caribbean
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1830
Died Sydney, NSW, 20 August 1833 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 April 1830), 1 

A CARD. MRS. RAINE begs to apprise the inhabitants of Sydney, that having consulted lier friends, she is determined, in consequence of the death of Mr. Brunton, to open a select DANCING SCHOOL; And has engaged Mr. Saunderson, a gentleman who teaches in the French, English, and Italian style, to give two Lessons weekly, and two Lessons will also be given by the two Miss Fulloon's. As it is unpleasant for young Ladies to go home after dark, the Master will, attend on Tuesday and Friday afternoons, from 3 till 5 o'clock. Terms Two Guineas per Quarter. Mrs. R. also begs to inform those Ladies and Gentlemen who may be pleased to honour her with their patronage, that any Pupil entering on the Quarter, must pay for the same whether they attend or not.
No. 12, O'Connel-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Brunton (dancing master); Elizabeth Raine (school master)

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (22 August 1833), 4 

On the evening of Tuesday, the 20th instant, at his residence in York-street, Mr. William Saunderson, Dancing-master, after a short and sudden illness.

"Sporting Chronicle . . . OBITUARY", The Australian (23 August 1833), 3 

Mr. William Saunderson, better known in the Cock Pit and to sporting men by the name of "Black Billy" received his death blow on Tuesday last. Billy by his quiet and peaceable demeanour was universally respected by all who knew him in his his time, and is now regretted by many friends - he has lately followed his avocation as a dancing master, in which profession he was a proficient. His loss will be felt at many of the juvenile schools in the Colony, at which he taught to trip it "on the light fantastic toe." The deceased was a native of St. Domingo, and was remarkable for his charitable and friendly disposition - he died very suddenly.

SAYER, Mr. W. F. (SAYERS; F. W. SAYER; ? William Francis SAYER; ? LYON-SAYER)

Tenor vocalist, violinist

Born c. 1827
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1853; Ballarat from 1857
? Died South Yarra, VIC, 8 August 1878, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SAYERS, William


Active Gulgong, NSW, 1873


W. F. Sayer, "from the London Concerts", was newly arrived in Melbourne in February 1853. He was in Ballarat by November 1857, when he took his benefit at the Montezuma Theatre. He appeared with Julia Harland, Octavia Hamilton and John Gregg in Balfe's Bohemian Girl at Ballarat's Theatre Royal in January 1859.


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (14 January 1853), 5

... Mr. Sayers is a very neat tenor singer, with a sweet voice, although perhaps with scarcely power sufficient for a crowded room. He was well received, and encored in one of his songs ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1853), 6

"THE WEEKLY CONCERT", The Argus (3 March 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Star (10 November 1857), 3


[Advertisement], The Star (26 March 1858), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (25 January 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1869), 4 

THEATRE YORK-STREET. TO-NIGHT . . . JOB VIGIL, THE WATCHMAN . . . By George Simms, Comedian . . . the music arranged by Mr. W. F. Sayer . . .

"GULGONG. AMUSEMENTS", Empire (12 May 1873), 3

On Saturday night last a complimentary benefit was given at the Prince of Wales Opera House to Mr. William Sayers, a very clever musician and violinist in the orchestra of the theatre for a long time. Mr. Sayers had been laid up for nearly two months by a serious illness, so that apart from his excellent musical ability he had claims upon the public. It is to be regretted that the house was not better filled.



. . . Mrs. Testar, Mrs Hancock, and Julius Buddee were conspicuous figures at concerts given in the Mechanics' Institute. Later arrivals were Mrs. Fiddes, Messrs. W. C. Lyon-Sayers, Edgar Ray, E. Hancock[,] Thom (a good violinist), and Creed Royal . . .


Harp player, photographer

Born Vienna, Austria
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1880
Buried Nanango, QLD, 2 July 1920, aged 64


"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (11 October 1880), 6

"ROYAL PRINCESS THEATRE. THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", Bendigo Advertiser (22 December 1880), 2

[News], Maryborough Chronicle (20 February 1886), 2

In the next item, the "Anvil Chorus", the audience were evidently so pleased that an encore was willingly granted. It was probably the best chorus of the evening, and Herr Saxperger attacked the anvil right lustily with a tack hammer, producing a tuneful and pleasing effect, and his efforts had no doubt some weight in bringing down the house.

"HERR KOHLER'S LAST CONCERT", Maryborough Chronicle (28 October 1886), 2

Herr Saxperger is an accomplished harpist, and, when listening to the lovely tones of this instrument, the thought will intrude: how is it the harp is becoming an instrument of the past?

"Our Nanango Letter", Queensland Times (16 May 1903), 3


The Austrian Strauss Band (1880-81)

SCARFE, Henry Cornelius

Vocalist, leader of a juvenile temperance band

Born Bury St. Edmunds, England, 1816
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1854 (per Leuconia)
Died Adelaide, SA, 30 October 1895, in his 80th year


"PORT ELLIOT", The South Australian Advertiser (19 May 1862), 3

Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band ... consisted of the following Sunday scholars: - Arthur Scarfe, Samuel Trigg, and William Harding, fifes; Walter Scarfe, drummer: and Jabez Golding, triangle; Mr. Scarfe leading on the fife. (24 May 1862): By 1 o'clock the children were all formed into marching order, Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band striking up the tune of "There is a happy land" arranged as a march.

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (24 May 1862), 3

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (2 January 1863), 3

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (21 April 1863), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (25 April 1863), 7

"DEATH OF MR. H. C. SCARFE", Chronicle (2 November 1895), 16

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (5 November 1895), 7


Music master

Born London, England, 15 January 1802
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 August 1823 (free per Francis, from England)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, September 1823
Died NSW, 1 November 1855, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


A convict John Scarr (per Surry) of Windsor was granted a ticket of leave in July 1823. However, this appears not to have been the John Scarr who advertised as a music master in Sydney in October that year. We can safely trace Scarr's arrival in Hobart on the Francis in August and, perhaps having already found John Philip Deane established there as music master, his departure for Sydney shortly afterward.

After Robert McIntosh several years earlier, Scarr, claiming to be a pupil of Cramer and Dale (probably either J. B. or William Cramer, and either Joseph of James Dale) was only the second music master to advertise in the Sydney press:

INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC AND SINGING. Mr. John Scarr, lately arrived in the Colony per Brig Francis, avails himself of this Opportunity to acquaint the Public, that it is his Intention to establish himself in New South Wales, as a Music Master, confining himself to the Use of the Piano-forte and Singing. Having made the Study of Music his Profession, under those experienced and admired Masters, Cramer and Dale, J. S. anticipates the gratification of giving satisfaction to those who may deem his Services worthy their Notice. J. S. will give Lessons either at his own Lodgings, or attend his Pupils at their Residence; has no objection to attend Families in the Country once in three weeks, provided he meets with sufficient encouragement. From professional skill and experience, J. S. will undertake to tune Piano-fortes, on moderate terms. Any Person, in want of a square Piano-forte, will be accommodated, having brought one for Sale; Maker's Name, Stodart. Address 89, Pitt-street.

Scarr appeared in the Sydney Amateur Concerts in December 1826, when the Gazette judged his vocal performances wanting:

A Mr. Scarr appeared this evening for the first time. His voice is not devoid of sweetness, nor uncultivated, but it wants the softness of Mr. Clark's tones, for which reason, we think, the parts sustained in the glees by the former, would have been more effectively performed by the latter gentleman, whose voice, in our opinion, would have harmonized better with those of Mrs. Paul and Mr. Edwards.

The Australian concurred, but with a caveat:

A Mr. Scarr appeared in the Orchestre; this gentleman attempted some airs; but he was not quite fortunate. Mr. S. is a good instrumental performer.

By late 1827 Scarr was clerk of court at Penrith and Campbell-Town, where married in 1830. He appears to have taken no further professional interest in music. He made a painting of his home, Aird Cottage, in 1828, and he himself sat for several portraits. Later he also owned property at Marengo (Murringo). He died in Sydney in 1855 and was buried at Campbelltown.


"PUBLIC NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1823), 1

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (23 August 1823), 2

[Hobart ship news], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 September 1823), 2

John Scarr, 23 October 1823, Intending to become a music master in the Colony; NSW, Colonial Secretary's papers, main series of letters received, 1788-1826 

13 Oct. 1823
To His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane K.C.B., Governor, Commander in Chief &c., &c., &c., . . .
Sir, From the kind reception I met with from your Excellency, I was led to indulge the hope that your Excellency would do me the favor to Patronize my future efforts in the Colony as a Music Master, encouraged by the hope I have taken the liberty to state as much in the inclosed advertizement intended for this Week's Gazette, & now submit it for your Excellency's approbation. -
I have the honor to be, Sir, your Excellency's very devout Obt. Humble Servant, J. Scarr, Sydney, 13 Oct. 1823.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 October 1823), 2s

"The Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1826), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Australian (6 December 1826), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Monitor (8 December 1826), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 March 1830), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1855), 8

Bibliography and resources:

"John Scarr", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Colonial Secretary's Office: 1823 Oct 13 Intending to become a music master in the Colony (Reel 6059; 4/1773 p.16)

SCHARF, Eduard


Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by July 1892
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, by August 1896
Died Munich, Germany, 26 January 1928


From Album of identification photographs of enemy aliens (civilian and prisoner of war) interned at Liverpool Camp, NSW, during World War I


"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (23 July 1892), 9

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35

"HERR EDUARD SCHARF", South Australian Register (22 April 1898), 6

"UNIVERSITY STAFF. GERMANS EXCLUDED", The Australasian (11 December 1915), 46

"CONCERTS", The Australasian (31 March 1928), 19

Mr. Eduard Scharf, a brilliant pianist, who lived in Melbourne for some years, died at Munich, Bavaria, on January 26. Mr. Scharf, who was born in Baden, Germany, received his musical education at the Leipzig Conservatoire, and had early success as conductor of the Municipal Opera Company at Metz. For three years, he was a conductor of French opera in various countries of Europe. At Bayreuth he met Ovide Musin, the celebrated Belgian violinist; and for 10 years he travelled with Musin in many countries. In 1898 Mr. Scharf settled in Melbourne, where he became first piano teacher of the Marshall-Hall Conservatorium. For a number of years he taught at the University Conservatorium, and many of the present Melbourne teachers were among his pupils. The war interfered with Mr. Scharf's career in Australia, and when peace was restored he returned to Germany. His wife and his son, Theodor, had gone to Munich earlier for the purpose of the son's education in art. Mr. Theodor Scharf's work in several mediums has become well known in Munich. Recently he married and went to live in Berlin.

Musical editions:

Symphony in E-flat by G. W. L. Marshall-Hall; fur Klavier zu 4 Handen bearbeitet von Eduard Scharf (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Hartel, 1905)


Friend and colleague of G. W. L. Marshall-Hall; father of Theodor Scharf (artist); teacher of Louise Hanson-Dyer

SCHEDE, Herman

Pianist, German interpreter

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1856


"LETTER LIST", The Argus (27 July 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 May 1856), 3

WANTED. - A Pianist is open for engagement. Address H. Schede, Cafe Paris, Market-square.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 July 1856), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 December 1861), 3

SCHEINPFLUG, William G. (Wilhelm)

Flautist, teacher of music

Arrived Adelaide, SA, by November 1894


"HERR HOPP'S LEIPZIG INSTRUMENTAL COMPANY", South Australian Register (22 November 1894), 7

"LEIPZIG INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT COMPANY", The Advertiser (20 November 1894), 6

"SOCIAL ITEMS", Evening News (22 November 1902), 3s


Amateur vocalist, member Adelaide Liedertafel

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 January 1855 (per Johan Cesar, from Hamburg, 9 October 1854)
Died Bremen, Germany, 21 August 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATHS", South Australian Register (29 September 1887), 4 

SCHIERENBECK. - On the 21st August, at Bremen, Germany, Johann Wilhelm Schierenbeck, formerly of Rundle Street, Adelaide.

SCHILLER, Madeline

Pianist, piano teacher

Born London, England, 8 November 1843
Active Australia, 1871-72, 1887-89
Died New York, USA, 3 July 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bibliography and resources:

"Madeline Schiller", Wikipedia 

SCHINCH, Miss (?)


Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861


"DINNER TO HENRY S. LEAKE", The Star (19 July 1861), 1s

SCHLUE, Charles

Musician, composer


Musician, bandsman

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by August 1854

SCHLUE, Mrs. (Henry)



[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1854), 8

LIGHTNING Band, newly arrived, consisting of eleven in number, is open for Engagements. The above band will be successful in any kind of performance for Concerts, Balls, and Parties. Apply to Henry Schlue ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1855), 8

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (22 November 1855), 4

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (21 July 1858), 1s

Charles Schlue was charged with stealing two shirts, the property of his employer, a German musician named Jacob Young, living at North Melbourne. The prisoner was one of a German band, and the prosecutor, on the previous night, had locked him up in a room, in consequence of his being drunk, and unable to play his part ...

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 November 1865), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 July 1866), 4

"CLUNES", The Ballarat Star (27 October 1866), 1 s

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (24 June 1871), 3

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (1 July 1871), 2

... The concert, however, had already been begun by the local band (under their new director, Mr. C. Schlue) playing, in good time and with precision and spirit, the "Glasgow March," "Adelong Schottische," and D'Albert's waltz, "Star of the Night," the first two pieces being Mr. Schlue's own compositions ...

[other reports mention his Wagga Wagga schottische]

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (9 September 1871), 1

"RUTHERGLEN", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1874), 4 

Our correspondent writes: The Rutherglen Quadrille Assembly Ball held at the Town Hall here on Wednesday evening last was one of the most successful ever held in Rutherglen. Host Schwenzel, who was the successful tenderer for the supply of refreshments, with his usual good taste provided a most recherche repast to which ample justice was done. The music by Messrs Schlue, Vorher, and others, was all that could he desired. The dancing was kept up with great spirit until near daylight, and everyone present seemed thoroughly to enjoy themselves.


Bass vocalist

Born Hanover, Germany, c. 1813 (son of Carl SCHLUTER and Minna QUIDDE)
Active Australia, 1857-60
Died Beechworth, VIC, 14 September 1896, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SCHLUTER, Alwine (Aloine; Alwina; SCHLlÜTER; Mademoiselle SCHLUTER; Madame SCHLUTER; Mrs. Charles HUHT)

Soprano vocalist

Born Hanover, Germany, c.1827 (daughter of Carl SCHLUTER and Hetta MIER, ? half sister of the above)
Married Charles (Fritz Carl) HUHT, VIC, 1858
Died Flemington, VIC, 4 July 1912, aged 85 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (27 September 1856), 8 

SOIREE MUSIKALE ! ! ! - On Saturday Evening, at the Junction Hotel, St. Kilda, by the celebrated vocalist Herr Adolph Schlüter (basso), from the Royal opera of Hanover (Germany), and the favorite soprano Madlle. Alwina Schlüter. To commence at eight o'clock p.m. For particulars see programme

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (2 January 1857), 4 

PROMENADE Concert and Ball every evening, at the Star. Musical Director, Herr Collin. Leader, Mr. Osborne. Admission, One Shilling.
MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER will appear this evening in the Grand Scena from the "Daughter of the Regiment."
MADEMOISELLE SCHLUTER, Mr. Burchell, Mr. Hammond, and Mr. S. Benner, at the Star, are the great attractions in Beechworth.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 January 1857), 1 

STAR. GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT AND BALL, Every Evening, admission One Shilling. MR. JAMES ELLIS originator of the first casino in England, viz., the Adelaide Gallery, Strand, and Cremorne Gardens London; the Salle de Valentino and Cremorne Gardens, Melbourne; begs to inform the public, that having secured the services of the celebrated Mdalle. Schluter, who has created such a sensation at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, together with Messrs. Burchall, King, and Hammond, and a host of other available talent, he intends giving a series of Promenade Concerts, on a scale unequalled in Beechworth. Musical director - Herr Collin. Leader - Mr. Ferdinand Osborne . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (10 March 1857), 3

"MADAME CARANDINI'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1857), 1

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Argus (12 May 1857), 5

. . . to Herr Schluter. This gentleman exerted himself so entirely to the satisfaction of the audience in the part of Alphonso, that he was compelled to repeat the grand scena in the second act.

"MUSICAL NOTES OF THE WEEK", Empire (28 August 1860), 5

"BEECHWORTH POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (8 February 1866), 3 

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 May 1885), 5 

"DEATHS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1896), 2 

SCHLUTER. - At the Ovens Benevolent Asylum, Beechworth, on the 14th September, 1896, Adolph Schluter, aged 83 years. Four years in the Asylum.

"DEATH OF HERR SCHLUTER", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 September 1896), 2 

An old-time resident of Beechworth, and one who by the possession of musical ability of the very highest order had delighted thousands in his time, died in the Ovens Benevolent Asylum on Monday night. This was Herr Adolph Schluter, a native of Hanover, where his father held the position of judge. He was intended for the legal profession, but took a fancy for the stage, and joined a tneatricai troupe, leaving his home and friends, and ultimately finding his way to Australia. He had a magnificent bass voice and was an accomplished pianist, and forty years ago these were qualifications rated at a very high value in Victoria. After giving concerts in Melbourne on his own account, Herr Schluter joined the Bianchi Opera Company, and travelled with them through the colonies. He was also one of the first members of the Melbourne Liedertafel, and took part in their earlier concerts. After visiting Beechworth with the Opera Company he remained, accepting an engagement from the late Mr. Frederick Dreyer, and also giving private lessons in music and singing, in which he was eminently successful. Herr Schluter was married, but his wife declined to come to Australia, and being possessed of means remained with her two daughters at Cologne, one daughter afterwards marrying a merchant, and the other a banker of that city. There was, however, a sister, also a most accomplished musician, who accompanied Herr Schluter to Victoria, and came with him to Beechworth, and she married the late Mr. Charles Huht, formerly of Rutherglen. Herr Schluter's wife repeatedly wrote to him begging him to return, but he appeared to be conscious that his Australian experience had been so far a failure that a return to his old home would bring nothing but unpleasant reflections, and he remained in the district. Latterly his old brilliant qualities left him as age crept on, and at last he became so reduced in circumstances as to be glad to find a refuge in the Benevolent Asylum, where, as we have said, he died on Monday.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 93, 101, 104, 106, 108, 110, 115, 250



Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1886 (from New Zealand)


"WHAT'S IN A NAME", The Mercury (17 July 1884), 2s

A New Zealand exchange announces that Her Felix Schmellitscheck is announced to make his appearance at two concerts shortly, and is a violinist of considerable repute. He is a graduate of the Stuttgart Conservatory, and latterly he received instruction from the world-renowned violinist, Herr Wilhelmj, who recognised his ability warmly. Herr Schmellitscheck's departure for this colony from West Germany was referred to as follows by a local journal:-

"Following on the departure of Professor Wilhelmj, the great master of the violin, comes another great loss to our musical circles in the person of the very highly esteemed and excellent violin virtuoso, Herr Schmellitscheck, who, on the recommendation of Herr Wilhelmj, is leaving for New Zealand. Herr Wilhelmj has presented him with a beautiful instrument, and he will start on his tour in a few days. We cannot let one who has done so much to delight every lover of good music leave us without expressing our good will and heartfelt wishes for his future success."

'Tis true, "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet," and Herr Schmellitscheck may in philosophic mood submit to the inevitable changes which will be rung upon his name among his new colonial acquaintances.

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (9 April 1886), 1

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1893), 8

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

"THE QUINLAN CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1913), 9


Viola (tenor) player

Active Ballarat, VIC, January 1859


[Advertisement], The Star (24 January 1859), 3

SCHMIDT, Herr (? August George SCHMIDT)

Violinist, ? cornet player

Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855
Died Beechworth, VIC, 11 January 1868


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6 

"DEATH OF MR. SCHMIDT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 January 1868), 2 

It is with real regret we record the death of Mr. Schmidt, the violinist, which took place at Beechworth on Saturday last. Strange as it may seem to many persons - not strange to us - the news of Mr. Schmidt's death was received as if it had made a great vacancy amongst us. We do not know any country town whose people are more musical than the Beechworth people, and when Mr. Schmidt appeared in public they could always hear real music. Besides, without mixing much with people, Mr. Schmidt had won great good will by his generous disposition and simple manners. His funeral took place on Sunday, and was certainly a most touching spectacle. The hearse, proceeded by a band playing the most solemn music, the Rev. Mr Howard riding in front, and several hundred people of all classes following in procession, or accompanying the hearse to the cemetry, presented something quite uncommon in Beechworth, and was very sad, grave, and suggestive. We have buried poor Mr. Schmidt, let us bury wish him the remembrance of a single fault which proceeded from the very simplicity and geniality which so often accompanies peculiar genius - a genius which in his case so often delighted and elevated us. We understand that a monument is to be erected over Mr. Schmidt's grave by his friends, and surely we were all his friends.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (28 January 1868), 3 

"MONUMENT TO THE LATE HERR SCHMIDT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 January 1868), 2 

"HERR SCHMIDT'S MONUMENT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 February 1868), 2 

SCHMIDT, Charles

SCHMIDT, Hendrick


Active Sydney, NSW, c. 1853

See Smith brothers (German musicians)

SCHMIDT, Carl George

Musician, bandmaster

Died Toowoomba, QLD, 8 February 1912


"TOOWOOMBA AND DISTRICT", The Brisbane Courier (9 February 1912), 6

Mr. Carl George Schmidt, a well-known musician of Toowoomba, died to-day. At one time deceased was bandmaster in Wirths' Circus, but subsequently he retired in Toowoomba, where he formed the old Gordon Club Band, and was also conductor of the local Military Band. Recently he was associated with the Austral Hall orchestra.

SCHMIDT, Florence (Mrs. Derwent WOOD)

Soprano vocalist, pianist

Active Rockhampton, QLD, by 1885


"SCHOOL OF ARTS EXHIBITION", Morning Bulletin (27 August 1885), 5

The aspirants to the title of "best player on the piano," as it is termed in the programme, were Miss Eva Laurie and Miss Florence Schmidt, the former thirteen years of age and the latter only twelve.

"Miss Florence Schmidt", Australian Town and Country Journal (20 March 1897), 20

"MISS FLORENCE SCHMIDT. TO THE EDITOR", Morning Bulletin (13 July 1897), 6

[News], Queensland Figaro (28 April 1910), 14

Mr. Derwent Wood, an English sculptor of note, has chiselled busts of several Australians visiting England ... Mrs. Derwent Wood will be remembered in Brisbane as Miss Florence Schmidt, a charming singer with a powerful voice, but gave up her musical career for a domestic life.

"ROYAL ACADEMY PICTURES", The Daily News (13 July 1920), 2

SCHMIDT, Frederick


Active Brisbane, QLD, 1894


"An Immoral Musician", The Western Champion and General Advertiser (18 September 1894), 6

In the police court to-day, Frederick Schmidt, aged 43, musician, was charged with indecently assaulting a girl, aged 11 years, and remanded.


Choreographer, dancer

SCHMIDT, Thérèse (Mademoiselle THÉRÈSE)


Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by August 1858 (from the USA)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, after November 1862
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, October 1867 (per Ruahine, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, after June 1872 (for New Zealand)


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1858), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (17 August 1858), 4

After the comedy came a ballet entertainment, in which Fraulein Fannie, the Leopold Family, Mademoiselle Thérèse, and M. Schmidt took part. The two latter are new to the colonial stage, and made a favorable impression. Mademoiselle Thérèse is a graceful dancer; quiet in style an excelling in posé and repose; more flexible than agile, and relying more upon beauty of attitude than vivacity of motion or striking tours de force.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 August 1858), 8

 "THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (7 December 1858), 5

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (7 February 1859), 5

'PRINCESS THEARTE", The Argus (19 March 1859), 5

[News], The Argus (27 September 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 July 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1

"THE CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (21 October 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 November 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (13 November 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1871), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1872), 10

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (1 August 1872), 1

SCHMITT, Carl (Carl Gustav; Wilhelm Carl SCHMITT; SCHMIDT; Herr Carl SCHMITT)

Violinist, opera and orchestral conductor, teacher, composer

Born Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 9 December 1837
Arrived Sydney, by December 1858
Died Clevedon, Auckland, NZ, 22 March 1900, "aged 66" (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Younger brother of the German composer and pianist (Georg) Alois Schmitt (1827-1902), "Schmidt" was "lately arrived from Munich" when he made his Sydney debut in December 1858. Henry Marsh advertised the publication, on 2 January 1860, of a NEW WALTZ 1860 by Carl Schmidt, in no. 8 of his revived Australian musical cadeau. The Herald described it as "a very pretty arrangement of a familiar air".

He was probably the Schmidt who spent some time in Ballarat in the mid-1860s (though probably not to be confused with the viola-player active there in 1859). If so, he planned to return to Europe in March 1857, but George Coppin hired him for the theatre in Sydney and he stayed on and married a Tasmanian, Lucy Reeves, in May 1863. Among Schmitt's own compositions introduced in Hobart were an Overture in October 1860, and his song There's a time in April 1861.

Of four musical prints he advertised for sale in Melbourne in December 1864, a copy of one survives, the Kyneton: fancy fair valse (which he evidently had printed in Europe by John Andre Offenbach & Co.).

The other works were Kyneton (romance sans paroles), I've a welcome for thee (ballad), and Spanish evening song. A slightly later edition of the last does survive, as Ave (Spanish evening song) printed as musical supplement to The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 May 1865).

In Sydney in 1868 it was reported that "Schmidt" had dedicated to the countess of Belmore:

a new piece of music which he is about to forward to London for publication. The composition consists of the 95th Psalm, is in the key of F, and comprises two choruses, one soprano solo, and a duet for soprano and alto, with accompaniment for the organ.

His largest documented work was the opera Cazille, to a libretto by R. H. Horne, presumably begun before Horne left Australia for England in 1869. Excepts only from it were first performed in Sydney in 1872, and various numbers thereafter continued to appear in Schmitt's own programs.

Schmitt left Australia for New Zealand in 1881. A detailed obituary appeared in the Launceston Examiner in April 1900.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1858), 1

"MR. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney  Morning Herald (16 December 1858), 7

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1859), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1859), 8

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL CADEAU", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Mercury (25 October 1860), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (26 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 July 1862), 1

'MARRIAGES", The Mercury (11 May 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1864), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (24 August 1866), 5

"BALLARAT", The Argus (15 March 1867), 7

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1867), 4

"THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1867), 4

"MUSICAL", Empire (13 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1869), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1870), 1

"NEW OPERA", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 8

"Musical and Dramatic Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1872), 20

"NEW ZEALAND", The Argus (23 March 1900), 6

"DEATH OF PROFESSOR SCHMITT", New Zealand Herald (23 March 1900), 6 


It will be learned with regret by the citizens of Auckland (by whom Professor Schmitt was favourably and widely known) that he passed away at his country residence, Te Kianga, at Clevedon, Southern Wairoa, at an early hour yesterday morning, at the age of 66. He had been ailing for some time past, and was attended by Dr. Marsack, Dr. Haines, and latterly by Dr. Coates. The immediate cause of death was failure of the heart's action, arising from consumptive weakness. Herr Carl Schmitt was the son of Dr. Aloys Schmitt, in his day a leading musical authority in Germany, and the author of several musical works, and was Holf Kapellmeister at the Court of Munich, Bavaria, a similar office being now held by Herr Carl Schmitt's brother, Aloys, at Mecklenburg-Schwerin, while his sister, who is married to an Austrian officer of distinction, resides at Buda-Pesth. Herr Schmitt arrived in Auckland early in the sixties, having a high reputation as a violinist. A few years afterwards he left for Tasmania, and was honorary aide-de-camp and musical director to Governor Sir Frederick Weld. Subsequently he became organist in Sydney to one of the Congregational and other churches, and, including other important conductorships, was also conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society. After some residence, Herr Schmitt paid a visit to Germany, but had to return to the colonies, owing to the climate being too severe for him, and he settled in Sydney. While there he received an invitation from the late Judge Fenton to come back to Auckland, and accept the conductorship of the Auckland Choral Society. He accepted the offer, and in May, 1881, arrived here, and undertook the conductorship of the Choral Society, a post which he held with distinguished success and ability till his death. The Choral Society at the time of his assuming office was at a low ebb, but he eventually made it one of the most successful societies of the kind in the colonies.

The deceased gentleman (who was born in Frankfurt-on-the-Maine) was an accomplished musician, and wielded the baton with no ordinary power, both as chorus and orchestra conductor. He had a large private practice, and many excellent musicians in the other colonies who have been his pupils owe much to him. He held the order of the Knight Commander of the Cross of Italy for a mass he composed and dedicated to Queen Margherita, and also a Belgian order for a musical composition dedicated to the Queen of the Belgians, and also held other foreign orders. Some of his masses were performed at St. Patrick's Cathedral and at St. Benedict's, and he published in Europe some of his musical compositions, marches, etc. His finalities as a teacher were well known, and he enjoyed the friendship and esteem of his pupils long after he had ceased to be their teacher, and they had gone to other colonies, or away from Auckland. Herr Schmitt was one of the principal founders of the Auckland Amateur Opera Club, founded the Young Ladies' Orchestra, and bad been for some years appointed lecturer in music at the Auckland University, a post which he held at his death. His decease will be sincerely regretted, more especially in musical circles, and the gap caused by his death will not be easily filled.

Herr Schmitt was honorary aide-de-camp and musical director to Governors Lord Onslow, Lord Glasgow, and also to Lord Ranfurly, our present Governor. He also took a great deal of interest in volunteering, and was at one time aide-de-camp to Sir George Whitmore, then Commandant of the Colonial Forces, was honorary captain of the College Rifles, and the Southern Wairoa Rifles, and a captain in the New Zealand Militia. Mr. James Edmiston, secretary of the Choral Society, went out to Clevedon and visited the dying man, who had for 15 years been his personal friend, on Wednesday last, and was shocked to find so great a change in Herr Schmitt. He was able to speak at intervals, and was quite conscious. That evening he relapsed into a comatose state, in which condition he died at two o'clock yesterday morning. He leaves a widow and two sons to mourn their loss. The deceased will be buried this afternoon, at half-past two o'clock, at the Anglican Cemetery, Clevedon, in accordance with the desire of his family. Members of the Choral Society wishing to attend the funeral at Wairoa South should leave by train for Papakura at half-past nine this morning, a coach being m readiness for proceeding to Clevedon. Out of respect for the memory of Professor Schmitt there will be no practice of the society on Tuesday next.

[Herr Schmidt was a resident of Launceston for some years, and is well remembered in the city.]

Bibliography and resources:

Charles Nalden, "Schmitt, Carl Gustav (1837-1900)", DNZB

Horst Zänger, Alois Schmitt: Ein Leben für die Musik (2011)


Tenor vocalist

Died Perth, WA, 10 April 1847, in his 37th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Inquirer (25 January 1843), 6

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

... that majestic piece of recitative from the Messiah, "Comfort ye my people", &c, which, together with the accompanying air "Every valley", was sung, greatly to the delight of the audience, by Mr. Schoales. Although we have had the pleasure of hearing Mr. Schoales in better voice, it is impossible to speak too highly of his performance of this most exquisite composition; the air especially, with all its intricate cadences, was most sweetly and correctly sung, and we are by no means inclined to quarrel with the taste of those who consider this to have been the best performance of the evening.

"DIED", The Perth Gazette (17 April 1847), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

... There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents ...

"BACK BEYOND 1850. Recollections of a Pioneer. SIR EDWARD STONE ...", The Daily News (28 April 1916), 7

... In 1836, when [episcopalian] services were held in the Old Courthouse, the choir consisted of Mrs. Symmons, Miss Symmons, Mrs. Wittenoom, Mrs. Leake, Mrs. R. Nash, Miss Nairn, Miss Trigg, Miss A. Trigg, Mrs. Maycock, Mr. Symmons, Mr. Schoals, Mr. Nash, Mr. Webb, Mr. Macfaull, Mr. J. Habgood. The orchestra consisted of a pianoforte, bass (Mr. F. Wittenoom), violins (Mr. C. Wittenoom, Mrs. Torrens, and Miss Nairn) and cello (Miss A. Trigg, and afterwards Miss Devenish). The violin played by Miss Nairn was now in the possession of Mr. R. C. Clifton ...

C. E. V. Shenton (nee Lochee), "PERTH IN THE EARLY DAYS", The West Australian (13 April 1935), 4 

... I do not remember the date the old St. George's Cathedral was built, but I have known it all my life. When I first knew it the choir was in the gallery, at the entrance end. The instrument the accompanist and choirmaster used was an aeolophone, which was a mixture of organ and piano, both in appearance and sound. They had a good choir of mixed voices- men and women. Mrs. Maycock was the alto and Mrs. Travers (wife of Captain Travers) was the soprano. My father always went to help Mr. Schoals with the bass on Easter and Christmas day ...

SCHOFIELD, John Fenwick

Music teacher, organist

Active Ipswich, QLD, 1870


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Brisbane Courier (17 May 1870), 2

"IN THE ESTATE OF JOHN F. SCHOFIELD", The Brisbane Courier (23 August 1870), 2

"RELIGIOUS", The Brisbane Courier (24 December 1870), 3

SCHOOT (Herr SCHOOT; Professor SCHOOT; "The Drum Demon")

See TWENTYMAN, George F.

SCHOTT, James Arthur ("R.A.M."; James SCHOTT; Herr SCHOTT)

Professor of music, oboist, conductor, bandmaster, composer

Born Fort York, Troy, Ontario, Canada, 25 February 1831
Arrived VIC, c. 1851
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853; Bendigo, VIC, by 1854; Melbourne, VIC, by January 1863 (having arrived from India)
Married (1) Caroline Amelia PITT (1838-1879), Castlemaine, VIC, 29 January 1869 [sic] (common-law partners since mid 1850s)
Married (2) Elvira Coralie TREVALLYN, Hobart, TAS, 25 September 1879
Died Battery Point, Hobart, TAS, 31 August 1888, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (WikiTree)

James Arthur Schott, with oboe; c.1860s


On his father's side, James Schott was the grandson of Bernhard Schott, founder of the famous German music house, B. Schott's Sohne, of Mainz.

Among other habitual slight bendings of truth, James sometimes claimed to be a native of either Mainz or New York; but he was, in fact, born at Fort York (Toronto), Canada, in 1831, where his father, Adam Joseph Schott (1794-1864), had been serving as master of the Band of the 79th Regiment of Foot. Back in Britain, Adam appears to have been involved in the London office of Schott's (founded 1835), but achieved greatest public note as master of the Band of the Grenadier Guards (1844-56). He died at Kirkee, India, in 1864, while serving as bandmaster there with the Royal Artillery.

James's mother was Therese Rosa Ziegler. At the time of her marriage her father, James Ziegler (d. 1833), was bandmaster of another British regiment in Canada, the 66th Regiment of Foot, and her brother, James C. Ziegler junior, a bandsman in, and later also bandmaster of, the same regiment.

In Australia, Schott was often styled - or styled himself - as "Herr Schott", and as "R.A.M.", a graduate, or at least an alumnus, of the Royal Academy of Music in London. According to family historian, Graham Lewis, Schott was indeed a pupil at the Royal Academy in London, though Lewis found no record of him graduating with any qualification before he left for Australia, probably in or around 1851.

Schott's activities during the 1850s can only be partially sketched in from comparatively scarce newspaper notices. He was on the Victorian goldfields by early 1854, where, in May, "Mr. Schott" was reportedly leading the orchestra at Bendigo's Theatre Royal. He settled for several years at Back Creek (Talbot), near Maryborough, where, in May 1856, he assisted at a concert given by touring operatic vocalists, Maria Carandini and Emile Coulon, probably playing piano accompaniments for, or in piano duet with, their co-artist, the recently-arrived Dutch violinist and pianist William Henry Paling. Two months later he reportedly discovered a productive reef at Amherst digging, duly named the "Musical Reef". He was still in the district in 1859, when in a late November heat wave his infant son, Alfred Lancelot (b. 1857) died suddenly of "coup de soleil".

In May 1860, at nearby Lamplough, Schott participated in a benefit for actor Kate O'Reilly, as pianist for her vocal co-artists Charles Thatcher, Annie Vitelli, and Frederick Leeman. A few weeks later, he was appearing with with Thatcher and Vitelli in the south west, at Hamilton and Portland, billed - perhaps for the first time - as "Herr Schott", probably as an exotic Teutonic pendant to Annie's "Madame Vitelli".

Thatcher and Vitelli having moved on, in August-September Schott advertised his intention to stay on in Hamilton, as a teacher, music and instrument seller, and piano tuner, and general provider for local musical needs. However, in March 1862, he announced that he was selling up preparatory to his immediate departure for India.

He sailed, without his family, in April, for Bombay, presumably to visit his father Adam. However, his stay can only have been short, for, in January 1863, James was back in Melbourne, playing oboe in Lyster's Opera orchestra, and notably performing the obligato to soprano Lucy Escott's aria in James Smith and Anthony Reiff's timely Requiem for the explorers Burke and Wills.

Scott's subsequent career in Australia and New Zealand can be followed via TROVE tags (especially Herr Schott) and searches on "Herr Schott" in Paperspast (NZ).

According to Graham Lewis, Schott spoke several languages, regularly contributed to charity benefit performances, and, "could sketch well (I have several) and wrote regularly to the editors of local papers." However, as Lewis (his great-great-great-grandson) summarised his later career for me in March 2018:

He and his family moved frequently, mainly, I suspect because he was a serial philanderer, with no female student being safe from him, and so he always had jilted lovers and angry husbands to contend with. He abandoned wife and family on at least two occasions - once in Melbourne, once in Dunedin. The latter fleeing with Elfie (Elvira) Trevallyn (or Trevelyan), by whom I believe he had two children in Melbourne (unregistered) when she was a teenage student of his (names and dates in Elfie's hand in a surviving Hobart family bible). He abandoned his family in Melbourne with no financial support and left for Europe to get a legacy left him by Franz Philip Schott of Mainz. The abandonment was widely reported in the press. Wife and family were widely supported and sailed for Dunedin, where the eldest son, Albert Bernard was in business as a photographer.

James subsequently turned up in Dunedin, begged forgiveness, and promised to behave, but he also encouraged Elfie to come from Melbourne, and before long, he and Elfie "eloped" together and spent the next year or two touring and performing in New Zealand. Caroline (his abandoned wife), responding to the glowing newspaper reports of his performances, sued him for financial support. She won, but before she could benefit, James and Elfie fled to Hobart, out of reach of the NZ courts. James, as usual, was soon at the centre of musical life in Hobart. Caroline gave up, became a successful Dunedin boarding house proprietress but died of a stroke in 1879 ("of a broken heart", according to her family,) and within 2 weeks James married Elfie in Hobart, where they both in due course died - James's death being widely reported in Tasmania, and many memorial concerts being arranged by the various bands, orchestras, choirs and musical societies with which he had been associated. It's clear that he was highly respected as conductor, organist, oboist, and conductor-manager of musical groups, and nothing short of a virtuoso on oboe and penny whistle.


[Advertisement], Morning Post [London, England] (14 October 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Morning Post [London, England] (14 October 1850), 1

GRAND SALON DE DANSE, Royal Adelaide Gallery, Strand, OPEN for the SEASON.
Lessee, Mr. THOMAS BARTLETT SIMPSON, Albion Tavern, Great Russell-street, Covent-garden.
Mr. Simpson, anxious to have the best BAND in LONDON, has retained the valuable talent of the leading Artistes engaged during the past Season at Cremorne Gardens, including the following eminent performers from her Majesty's Theatre, the Royal Italian Opera, and the Philharmonic Concerts: -
First violins - Hayward, Cohen, Buels, H. T. Seabrook, Van Heddeghem. Second violins - Pelerin, T. jackson, Edwards, C. Griesbach.
Tenors - Sapinski, J. Jackson. Violoncellos - Quinton, W. F. Reed. Contra Basses - G. Taylor, W. Tranter, Guy, Stubgen.
Flauto - J. Aynor. Piccolo - Meyer. Flageolet - J. Tyler. Oboe - J. Schott . . . CONDUCTED BY BORINI . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Joseph Tranter (contra bassist); see Warwick Wroth, Cremorne and the later London gardens (London: Elliot Stock, 1907), 5-7 

In 1846 (or more probably a few years later) Cremorne was purchased by Thomas Bartlett Simpson . . . There was a good band of fifty, for some years under Laurent, of the Adelaide Gallery Casino in the Strand [NOTE 7: In 1850 under Borini; in 1851 under Isaacson, of the Grecian Theatre] . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1853), 1

IF this meets the eye of James Schott or W. Cullis, Charles Petley wishes to see them at Bastard's Eating-house, Sandridge.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1853), 1 

SCHOTT OBOE DISTIN, a letter of importance awaits you, Post-office, Castlemaine, or call at Yarra Yana Baths.

"BENDIGO", The Argus (9 May 1854), 4

. . . Mr. Schott, the leader of the orchestra at the Theatre Royal, has commenced a series of quadrille assemblies, the first of which was held on Friday evening last. The attendance was very small, owing, in a great measure, to the numerous postponements and to the unfavorable weather. When these assemblies have been familiarised to the people here, they will, no doubt, be well patronised. Mr. Schott is a young man whoso respectability of character and efficiency in his department, deserve support at the hands of the public, - though, by the way, they would like a little less foreign music and more British than Mr. Schott accustoms them to hear.


The lovers of song at Maryborough experienced a rich treat last night, in consequence of the arrival of Madame Carandini, Mons. E. Coulon, and the eminent violinist and pianist Mons. W. Paling, from Creswicks Creek and Ballaarat, where for the last few days they have been delighting a digging audience with a musical entertainment superior to any that has yet been given on the Victorian mines . . . Mons. W. Paling well maintained his reputation as one of the first pianists of the day. He was ably supported by Mr. Schott, of Maryborough, as was attested by the shouts of the audience for their old favorite . . .

"AMHERST, DAISY HILL. July 22nd, 1856", Bendigo Advertiser (30 July 1856), 2 

The new township is rapidly progressing . . . Quartz mining is at present being carried on to a very large extent, there being no less than four reefs at present open within a mile of the township. Many of our cautious tradesmen and others have caught the fever . . . The other two reefs have only been opened about a fortnight. The first, the Cricketer's Reef, runs from the hill at the back of the township, towards the Hard Hills . . . The last one, the Musical Reef so named in honor of Herr Schott, its discoverer, is at present the favorite; some splendid specimens having been taken, not only from the opening claim, but from several of the adjacent ones . . .

"BACK CREEK. COUP DE SOLEIL", Bendigo Advertiser (1 December 1859), 3 

. . . A boy aged four years, son of Mr. Schott, of Seafield-street, died very suddenly on Sunday. He had been ailing since Friday, and as no visible effects of ill health could be discovered, it is supposed that he suffered a coup while playing in the street on that day.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (12 May 1860), 2 

LAMPLOUGH. - Miss O'Reilly's benefit at the Royal, on Friday, was well attended, and Mr. Thatcher, assisted by Madame Vitelli and Mr. Leeman, gave an entertainment on Monday. The audience was numerous, and seemed much amused with the local effusions of Mr. Thatcher. Madame Vitelli's ballad-singing won repeated encores, and Mr. Schott performed the accompaniment to the songs very, skilfully on the pianoforte.

"MR. THATCHER'S CONCERTS", Portland Guardian (20 June 1860), 2

The highly popular entertainments were continued on Monday and Tuesday evening last to crowded houses, and with well sustained success. Mr. Thatcher was ably supported by Madame Vitelli's distinguished vocal performances and by Herr Schott at the piano. Mr. Thatcher's comic songs, which abound in skilful touches of wit, give a graphic and most amusing description of colonial life and manners, from squatter life to bullock-driving and were greeted with enthusiastic applause from a most fashionable audience. Madame Vitelli's soprano singing was much admired, and Herr Schott's pieces and accompaniments, occasionally assisted on the flute by Mr. Thatcher were of a first-class order . . .

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (2 June 1860), 2 

We are happy to see there is a prospect of the monotony of Hamilton life being broken in upon by Mr. Thatcher, of musical and poetic fame. He is the bard of the Gold-fields, and has gained no small celebrity in his peculiar line of genius. This evening, in the concert-room of the Victoria Hotel, we shall be able to judge for ourselves how for true are the praises we have heard of him. He is accompanied by Madame Vitelli, another celebrity, together with Herr Schott, the pianist. Being an improvisatore, he requires no laboured forethought to make his song; but like the bards of old, sings and rhymes ad libitum, from any given text. We trust his reception, and that of his fair companion, will be such as to induce further performances. As we are going to press, we have been informed that these artistes will perform again on Monday evening, to enable country residents to have a chance of hearing them.

"MR. THATCHER'S CONCERT", Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (9 June 1860), 2 

The Hamiltonians have really this week had a treat, and we should think Mr. Thatcher must also have been pleased with the crowded rooms and applauding audiences which have nightly greeted his efforts to amuse. It is positively exhilarating to the mental, and, consequently, to the moral nature, to get one's spirits roused into pleased exertion from the dull monotony of Hamilton life . . . By Madame Vitelli and Herr Schott, he is ably supported . . . Herr Schott is a first-rate pianist, and played the accompaniments with great skill. His performance on the oboe, when he imitated the Scotch bagpipe, convulsed the house with laughter, and nearly set the Caledonians present wild with excitement; if he had continued a little longer, we firmly expected to have seen a reel on foot. We wish them every success in their tour.

"Local News. SUBSCRIPTION BALL . . . MR. SCHOTT", Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (25 August 1860), 2 

This long-talked of ball came off on Thursday evening last, and was well and numerously attended. The room at Wadley's was full, without being inconveniently over-crowded. The band, led by Mr. Schott, was judiciously managed, and gave universal satisfaction . . . We are pleased to find this talented and pleasing performer has determined to reside in our midst. We sincerely trust he may meet with the encouragement in his profession he so well deserves. It will be of great advantage to have a thorough first-class musician always at hand.

[Advertisement], Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (1 September 1860), 1 

MR. J. SCHOTT, Professor of Music, (From the Royal Academy of Music, London,) BEGS respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Hamilton and its vicinity, that he has arrived, with the intention of permanently residing in Hamilton; and will be prepared to give Lessons in Music, either at his own residence, or at those of his pupils. The terms will be moderate. Pianofortes Tuned and Regulated in town or country. Orders for New Music and Musical Instruments promptly attended to. Residence - Gray Street, Next Messrs. Learmonth's Stores.

[Advertisement], Hamilton Spectator and Grange District Advertiser (22 March 1862), 3 

MR. SCHOTT begs to return his best thanks to his Friends and Pupils in Hamilton and the neighbourhood, and to inform them that he is now, prior to his immediate departure for India, selling off at very reduced prices, his large stock of Music, Musical Instruments, &c., including a splendid Rosewood Cottage Piano, 6 3/4 octaves, quite new, warranted first-class. Mr. Schott further most respectfully begs to intimate that all accounts due to him may be settled on or before Thursday, the 3rd April, as a final Clearing Sale of his effects will immediately follow that date.

"SHIPPING", The Age (29 April 1862), 4 

. . . The following passengers took their departure per R.M.S. Bombay . . . for Bombay, Mr. Schott . . .

[News], The Argus (26 January 1863), 8

The announcement that the Requiem composed in honor of the explorers would be performed at the Theatre Royal after the opera, was responded to by a tolerably full house. The performance commenced with Rooke's opera of "Amilie," which was very ably performed. The opera concluded, an interval of about ten minutes ensued, at the expiration of which a funeral knell was heard from behind the scenes, and when the curtain rose it was to present the opera company in more sombre attire, all being dressed in mourning. After the orchestra had played the andante overture, which was a piece of composition of no ordinary character, the following ode by Mr. James Smith, the music by Mr. Reiff, was sung . . . The accompaniment of Madame Escott's solo was considerably aided by Mr Schott, who, we believe, is about the only oboe player that has made his appearance in a Melbourne orchestra. Those who heard how the clear and pure tones of Mr. Schott's instrument harmonised with the mellow notes of the fair artiste, will testify that there has been a great void hitherto in our orchestras . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1863), 8 

LYSTER'S ROYAL ITALIAN and ENGLISH OPERA. THEATRE ROYAL. Musical Director and Conductor, Mr. A. Reiff, Jun. POSITIVELY LAST WEEK Of the OPERA SEASON . . . Mr. Schott, the celebrated oboe player, who has just arrived from India, will also make his first appearance on Thursday eve . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1863), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (14 July 1863), 4

"TURN UND GESANG FEST", The Star (31 December 1863), 3

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 December 1866), 8

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 December 1866), 3

"ENTERTAINMENTS", The Australasian [Melbourne, VIC] (30 May 1868), 18 

Mr. Schott - I beg his pardon, Herr Schott, though why Herr Schott I do not know, since he speaks English without the slightest German accent . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (29 July 1874), 5

James Arthur Schott, of Melbourne, professor of music. Causes of insolvency - Sickness, and consequent inability to attend to his profession, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities, £235 12s. 7 1/2d.; assets, £32 6s.; deficiency, £203 6s. 7 1/2d. Mr. Halfey, assignee.

[News], The Argus (20 October 1874), 5

Among the passengers by the Durham, which left Sandridge on Saturday, was James Schott, the well-known professor of music, whose name, however, did not appear on the printed list. The vessel left during the forenoon. Between 4 and 5 o'clock in the afternoon, Mrs. Schott and her solicitor obtained from Mr. Sturt, P.M., a warrant charging her husband with deserting her and her seven children. It was known that he had gone by the Durham, as the detectives who always see the vessels off, in order to stop persons "wanted," observed him, among other well-known persons, but as they knew no reason why he should not go as well as others, he was not spoken to. As soon as the warrant was obtained information was telegraphed down to Queenscliff of the warrant being out, and that it would be sent down immediately. A reply was received in about an hour and a half from the Queenscliff police that a constable had gone out after the Durham, but had been unable to get alongside as she had got too far ahead. Had the information been given sooner the vessel would have been boarded at Queenscliff, but even then as the charge only amounted to a misdemeanour Schott could have refused to leave the vessel unless the warrant were produced, and there would hardly have been time to send it down before the vessel passed.

"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCH", The Mercury (21 October 1874), 3

[News], The Argus (31 March 1876), 4

Messrs. Glen and Company, of Collins-street east, have sent us a copy of a new song, entitled "Come to the Fairy Dell;" the words by P. Walker, and the music by Herr Schott, R.A.M., London. The theme is simple, being in two sharps major 2/4 time, with a refreshing modulation into the key of B flat major. The song is a good one, and the chief merit of it consists in this, namely, that a nervous accompaniment with a strong marching bass sustains the voice and gives colour to the whole composition. Herr Schott has chosen one mode of ending; but we think that the lost note should (according to his own indicated idea) have been F sharp. The piece is from Dunedin, in New Zealand, where it is published by Charles Begg and Co., of Princes-street. Herr Schott, who was at one time well known in Melbourne, might do more in this direction, and with even better result.

"Deaths", The Mercury (1 September 1888), 1

On August 31, at Napoleon-street, Battery Point, Herr James A. Schott, aged 57 years, eldest son of Adam J. Schott, music publisher, Brussels, Mayence, Paris, and London.

"DEATH OF HERR SCHOTT", The Mercury (1 September 1888), 3

This once talented musician died yesterday at his residence, Battery Point, in his 57th year, after a long period of physical prostration. He arrived in this colony about 10 years ago with one of the Italian Opera Companies, as conductor, and very shortly afterwards determined to settle in Hobart. Having qualifications of no mean order, as a musician, and many estimated social qualities, he rapidly obtained pupils and a large circle of friends, and would have attained a comfortable competency, had his health been retained. Unfortunately for social musical institutions of Hobart, he was stricken by paralysis some three years ago, and was a helpless invalid from that day, his death proving in many respects a happy release. During the short time he was permitted to exercise an influence in musical circles in this city, his labours were eminently successful. He started the Orchestral Union, which flourished under his leadership, and the best brass band ever organised in this city owed its success to Herr Schott's musical abilities and social tact. His private pupils were numerous, and when sickness overtook him his pupils frequently testified their sympathy, and the respect he had engendered, in a variety of ways. The deceased was the eldest son of Adam J. Schott, a music publisher of Brussells, Paris, and London, and was well-known in several other places, having enjoyed a very wide popularity in Melbourne at one time.

[News], The Argus (18 September 1888), 7 

Of a musician once very well known and respected in Melbourne viz, Herr Schott, the Hobart Mercury contains the following obituary notice - "This once talented musician . . . [as above] . . ."

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (11 March 1901), 1 

LETT-SCHOTT. - On the 11th March, 1878, at St. Andrew's Manse, Carlton, John Lett, youngest son of the late William Lett, Williams Vale, Nuntin, Stratford, Gippsland, to Theresa Eliza Schott, youngest daughter of Adam Joseph Schott, of the House of Schott Sohne, Mayence on Rhine, Germany, Present address, Mills street, Hampton.

Musical works:

The Manners-Sutton waltz (composed expressly), The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 December 1866).

The Amy polka (Melbourne: J. Wilkie, [1867]) 

The Alfred choral march ("Performed at the Prince Alfred Reception Concert, given by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society") (Melbourne: J. Schott, [1868]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Helmut Kallmann, "Adam Schott", Canadian Encyclopedia

Adam Joseph Schott (1794-1864), son of founder of Schott's, Bernhard Schott, became a bandmaster in the British army, serving in Canada, and India where he died in 1864. Back in London in 1838, he helped to establish the London branch of Schott's.

Graham Philip Lewis, "Some aspects of the Schott family history" (1998) 

"Walton and Schott", Early New Zealand photographers and their successors 

On James's eldest son, Albert Bernard Schott

SCHRADER, Heinrich Ludwig (Henry SCHRADER; Herr SCHRADER)

Band-master (Herr Schrader's Band), cornet-player, cornopean player, contrabass player, violinist, orchestra leader, teacher

Born Brunswick, Germany, 4 February 1832
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 7 September 1857
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 February 1880, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SCHRADER, Hermann Theodor

Musician, teacher, composer

Born Adelaide, SA, 1860
Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1934 (NLA persistent identifier)


Soprano vocalist


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1857), 1

"GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (11 March 1859), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 July 1859), 1

"THE ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", The South Australian Advertiser (19 February 1861), 3

"THE SOUTH PARKS", The South Australian Advertiser (26 April 1880), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Advertiser (23 February 1880), 4

"OUR CITY LETTER", Kapunda Herald (24 February 1880), 3

I regret to have to record the death of one of the most well-known musicians in Adelaide, Mr. Heinrich Schrader, who died very suddenly on Saturday last. On Friday night he was in his usual place at the Theatre. Mr. Schrader was a most talented performer on the cornet, and was the founder of the oldest instrumental band in the colony. He was one of the soundest musicians we had, and his loss will be deeply felt. The funeral took place on Sunday, and was attended by a large number of leading citizens, the German element being prominent. The Leidertafel [sic] were present, and sang several pieces of music at the grave. There was also an instrumental band made up of some of Mr. Schrader's friends, who contributed various selections.

"OBITUARY. MR. H. SCHRADER", South Australian Register (6 March 1880), 2 Supplement

We regret to announce the death, at the age of 48, of Mr. Heinrich L. Schrader, well known in musical circles, and for nineteen years landlord of the Black Horse Hotel, in Leigh-street. The following particulars of his life will, no doubt be read with interest by the many friends his musical skill and geniality had won for him: - Mr. Schrader was a native of Brunswick, Germany, and was born on February 4, 1832. He was an only child, and his parents, who were small farmers, did everything to further his musical studies. At the age of sixteen he joined the military artillery band, and in the same year, 1847, went through the whole campaign against Denmark. Four years later he had to serve in the second campaign against Denmark, when he saw a deal of active service. He rose quickly to the rank of sergeant, and would have continued in the service as the bandmastership was offered him, but for the glorious report of the finding of gold in miraculous quantities in Victoria, which induced him with five others to give up his engagement and emigrate to Melbourne. The ship in which he sailed having to call at Adelaide, September 7, 1857, he was offered some inducement to stay, and not hearing the best of news from the diggings, decided to make this place his home. Whilst in Germany he studied under the best masters. He had thoroughly mastered contrabass, and the theoretical part of music. He played several instruments, and attained the greatest proficiency on the cornopean, on which instrument but few excelled him. Mr. Schrader has been looked upon for many years as a leader among instrumentalists, and for about twenty years took part in every orchestra that has been connected with the theatre here, and with that of the Philharmonic Society. He was the leader of a private band which went under his name, and was the first conductor of the former Military Band. He was also well known as an arranger of instrumental music, and will be much missed in musical circles. The funeral took place on Sunday, February 22, when the remains were interred in the West-terrace Cemetery. At the house the Liedertafel sang Mendelssohn's "Es ist bestimmt" ("It is decreed"), and during the procession Schrader's Band and the Military Band played Handel's "Dead March." The hearse was followed by thirty or forty vehicles, and was preceded by several Odd fellows, the deceased being a member of that Order. At the grave there were about 600 or 700 persons, including the leading members of the musical profession. The Liedertafel having sung "Da unten ist friede" ("There is peace below") the Rev. J. C. Woods performed the burial service, and at its conclusion the Liedertafel sang "Schlaf wohl, due camerad" ("Rest thee well, comrade."). The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. Eitzen. Mr. Schrader leaves a widow and six children. His second son is at present studying music at the Conservatoire of Leipzic.

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (15 July 1884), 4

"FAREWELL TO HERR SCHRADER", South Australian Register (26 February 1889), 4

"PIANOFORTE MUSIC", South Australian Register (28 April 1893), 5

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Register (12 January 1904), 8

"DEATH OF MR. H. T. SCHRADER", The Argus (11 July 1934), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 July 1934), 1

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (17 July 1934), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Works (post 1900) by Hermann Schrader in TROVE

Papers of Hermann T. Schrader (NLA MS 9734)

Bibliography and resources: 

SCHRADER, Samuel Frederick (SCHRAEDER)

Musician, leader of quadrille band

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1858
Died Ballarat South, VIC, February 1906, aged 76


[Advertisement], The Star (26 May 1858), 3 

[Advertisement], The Star (15 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (17 March 1862), 3

[News], The Star (12 November 1864), 2

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 110

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (15 January 1892), 3 

"PERSONAL ITEMS", The Ballarat Star (17 February 1906), 6 

Mr. Samuel Frederick Schrader died rather suddenly yesterday, at the residence of his daughter, the licensee of the Caledonian hotel, Ballarat South, after an illness of some weeks' duration. The deceased, who was 76 years of age, and was of German descent, was an accomplished violinist, and for many years held a leading position amongst the musical teachers of Victoria. In the early 50's he held a prominent position in the theatrical orchestras of Melbourne, in the days when G. V. Brooke, Catherine Hayes, Madame Ristori, Phelps, Walter Montgomery, and other celebrated actors and actresses trod the boards. He was one of the musical pioneers of Ballarat, and led the orchestra for many years at the Academy of Music. Mr. Schrader played the same violin for over 60 years. This instrument belonged to the father of the deceased, who got it from his father. The violin was said to be 150 years old, and was valued at £400 by Mr Schrader. The deceased was a widower, and leaves several in family. The funeral will leave the Caledonian hotel this day at 4 p.m. for the New Cemetery.



Active Daylesford, VIC, 1857-58


"DAYLESFORD. Public Amusements", Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 4 

The Operatic Company, with Miss Julia Harland at its head, appeared on Monday evening last, at the Mount Franklyn Hotel, before a respectable and delighted audience. The party had been travelling all day, and were much fatigued; there was, however, no lack of energy. The musical and dramatic parts were well sustained, and drew down thunders of approbation. At the conclusion of the performances, Messrs. Schrerder and Gingey, two well known musicians, who are under an engagement at the hotel, kept the audience in mirthful excitement till the break of morn.

"DAYLESFORD. Musical", Mount Alexander Mail (22 January 1858), 4 

It is with some regret we have to announce that the talented Harpist, so long engaged at the Mount Franklyn Hotel, is about leaving us for Melbourne. The gentlemanly conduct of this musician has ensured the respect of all with whom he has associated. Mr. Schroeder has since he left England been accompanied by Mr. Gingey, (a most excellent violinist), who is equally a favorite with the people here, and a separation under any circumstances is a misfortune. It is hoped that a re-union will in a short time take place. Mr. Woodin, pianist, has seceded from the establishment of Mrs. Brougham. This gentleman will doubtless soon meet with another engagement.


Musician, choirmaster

Born Germany, c. 1832
Arrived NSW, c. 1848
Died Bega, NSW, 25 December 1907


"DEATHS", Southern Star (28 December 1907), 2 

... On Xmas morning people received an even greater shock when the news of the death of Mr. Henry Schuback, one of the oldest pioneers of the district, got around ... A native of Germany, he came to this district 59 years ago, going to work at Kameruka for Mr. Walker. He was the eldest of a family of 15 ... Deceased, in his younger days, was a fine musician, and at one time, he was choirmaster of the local R.C. Church ...

SCHULTZ, Charles

Conductor, orchestra leader, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1867 (with Lehman Family from San Francisco)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, after December 1867 (or earlier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1867), 8

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", Empire (14 October 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1867), 8

Musical works:

The Fireman's march (performed Sydney, October 1867) 

Chinese song and dance (written and composed for Miss Maggie Moore by Charles Schultz) ([Melbourne]: J. C. Williamson, 1879) [but not composed in Australia]

SCHÜRMANN, Clamor Wilhelm

Recorder of indigenous language, songs, and customs, Lutheran missionary

Born Schledehausen, Hanover, Germany, 7 June 1815
Arrived Adelaide, 12 October 1838 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Bethany, SA, 3 March 1893 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

Heide Kneebone, "Schürmann, Clamor Wilhelm (1815-1893)", Australian dictionary of biography Suppl. (2005)


Violinist (Theatre Royal)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3 

Theatre Royal, Sydney ... The Lessees are highly gratified in informing the public, that they have succeeded in engaging all the first Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen, viz. Leader of the Band - Mr. CLARKE; Violins - Messrs. SPYER, JOHNSON, DYER, and SCOTT; Principal Flute - Mr. STUBBS; Violincello and Grand Piano Forte - Mr. CAVENDISH; Clarionetts - Messrs TURNER & SHARP; Bassoons - Messrs. HOARE & BALL; Bugle - Mr. PAPPIN; Drums - Mr. VAUGHAN ...

SCOTT, Andrew George (alias "Captain Moonlite")

Bushranger, "accomplished musician", pianist

Born Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland, baptized 5 July 1842
Arrived NZ, 22 November 1861; Sydney, NSW, early 1868
Executed Darlinghurst, NSW, 20 January 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE CONDEMNED BUSHRANGERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1879), 3

It will be remembered that Scott admitted that he joined the gang only a day or two previous to the Wantabadgery outrage. It was reported at the trial that he was an accomplished musician, but it seems that he only possesses a slight knowledge of the piano.

"CERTIFICATE OF EXECUTION", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1880), 7

Bibliography and resources:

"Scott, Andrew George (1842-1880)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)



Active Maryborough, VIC, 1861


"HIGHLAND GATHERINGS", The Argus (4 January 1861), 7 

MARYBOROUGH. (FROM THE M. AND D. ADVERTISER. JAN. 2.) The third annual gathering of the Highland Society of the North-Western Province took place yesterday, on the Cricket-ground ... PIBROCHS ON THE GREAT HIGHLAND BAGPIPES. Prize, £7 7s. Judges - A. C. McDougall, M. M. Macleod, J. D. Rankin, H. Macbean. For this prize there was only one competitor, John Scott, of McKinnon's station, who accordingly having entertained the assemblage with some music on the bagpipes, retired an easy victor ...

SCRASE, Samuel


Amateurs, member(s) (Australian Harmonic Society; ? Philharmonic Society)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1839 (per Eweretta, from London, 28 August 1838)
Samuel died South Yarra, VIC, 15 August 1893, "aged 80 years and 8 months, a colonist of 55 years"


Samuel and Edwin Scrase arrived in Sydney as steerage passengers in January 1839, bringing with them from London an assortment of cheap readymade clothing to stock the "cheap clothing warehouse" they opened in March. In June and July 1841, the recently formed Australian Harmonic Society reportedly met in a private room at their Pitt-street dwelling and premises, abutting the Victoria Theatre. They later settled in Victoria.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (18 March 1839), 2

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (24 April 1839), 2

"THE DEVIL AMONG THE TAILORS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 April 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 May 1839), 1

"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 2

; "PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (5 July 1841), 2

"MARRIAGE", The Star (10 March 1860), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (17 August 1893), 1


Boy soprano, ? music publisher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1859


"FIRST TIME HEARD", The Register (3 December 1917), 6

Mr. C. E. Scrygmour possesses an interesting memento of the part he played - or, more correctly, sang - in the Adelaide Handel Centenary Commemoration Festival at White's Rooms, on April 13 and 14, 1859, when the oratorios "The Messiah" and "Alexander's Feast" were performed. Mr. Scrymgour was one of the boy sopranos, and the committee presented to him, in common with the other performers, a certificate expressing "their sense of obligation for his valuable services, at the Centenary Commemoration Festival ... when Handel's oratorios 'The Messiah' and 'Alexander's Feast' were performed for the first time in South Australia with such success as justified a repetition of 'The Messiah' on the 21st of April." The testimonial is signed by E. B. W. Glandfield, Chairman; J. W. Daniel, Choral-Master; Carl Linger, Conductor; and William Chapman, Leader. The files of The Register for April, 1859, show that the musical critic of the time was highly delighted with the performance. Of the first night he wrote, "All who were at White's Rooms last evening, at least all who are sensible of the potent influence of that divinest science which 'takes the prisoned soul, and laps it in Elysium' must, have enjoyed no inconsiderable treat. The very occasion - an In Memoriam to the genius of Handel, to whom belongs, par excellence, the fame of having clothed Christian verities in grandest tones - was attractive and congenial; while the thought that the tribute of admiration was being paid on the very day on which, a hundred years before, the soul of that mighty musician passed to the quirestry of eternity, spread a dispassion of deep and solemn feeling beneath the more pleasing emotions which the intention of the evening awakened; ... Prior to any remarks of a critical character, we may state that at the orchestral end of the room, and towering above the most elevated of the choir, was a very well-executed painting of the immortal musician, so painted as to present to the eye the appearance of a statue. Behind it was a transparency of upstreaming rays, from amid whose brightness the statue appeared to be emerging ... The voices were located at the rear of the platform, the instruments being place on a level with the body of the room, in front and on each side of it .... The total number of the choir was close upon 70. The following is a list of the instrumental performers with the instruments which they severally played upon: - Violins, Chapman, White, Lower, King, Schrader; viola, Schrader; violoncellos, Lillywhite, Alen, Marshall; double bass, Betteridge, Schrader; flutes, Proctor, Spiller; clarionets, Heydecke, Sumpse, Clisby; harmonium, Light; saxe horns, Vincent, Wheatley; cornopean, Wheatley. Misses Pettman, Toxer, and Rowe were the principal female voices of the evening, Madame Anna Cranz being prevented from singing by an extremely severe cold. Messrs. Daniel and Ball were the principal male voices." Not only were the performers commended, but the audience thus - "The conduct of the audience, which was one of the most respectable we have ever seen in the room, was of the most chaste and appropriate character. The number of tickets sold was 612, and £90 was realized.


Music for the Easter service of song (to be held in the Town Hall, Adelaide on Thursday, April 5, 1877) (Adelaide: Scrymgour & Sons, 1877) 



Active Mount Gambier, Mount Barker, Adelaide, SA, 1861 (with Robert James OSBORNE)


"POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (23 February 1861), 6 

Robt. Osborne, tragedian, appeared to the information of Thomas Sculler, charged with refusing him 2l., his lawful wages, and a further sum of 1l., in lieu of one week's notice. The defendant was attended by Mr. Downer, and pleaded not indebted. It appeared the complainant in this case, who is a musician, had been in the employ of the defendant about four months, receiving wages at the rate of 20s. per week, with his rations. Some time ago, when they were at Mount Gambier, a dispute took place between them which caused the parties to mutually agree that they should part, consequent upon which a week's notice was given to the complainant. The party then proceeded to Gruichen Bay, at which place the requirements of the complainant were mutually settled, and a receipt was given to the defendant, certifying that no further demand could be made upon him. The complainant did not then leave, although the week's notice (which one of defendant's witnesses asserted that he had heard given) had expired on the day that the settlement was made, but he still accompanied them on their way to Mount Barker, and on one occasion performed for them. The defence went to show that the proper week's notice had been given, and likewise at the expiration of that period a proper and equitable settlement had been made, which had met all demands of the plaintiff. The preponderance of evidence was in favor of the defendant, and the case was accordingly dismissed.

SEA, James

Amateur, secretary (Australian Philharmonic Society)

Born Milton-next-Sittingbourne, Kent, England, 21 December 1806 (son of Henry SEA 1777-1854 and Margaret PEPPERCORNE 1770-1846)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 March 1851, aged 46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SEA, Henry (Henry SEA)

Amateur musician, lecturer (School of Arts), member of the Cecilian Society

Born Milton-next-Sittingbourne, Kent, England, 17 November 1811 (son of Henry SEA 1777-1854 and Margaret PEPPERCORNE 1770-1846)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1837 (per Achilles, from London, 22 March)
Departed Sydney, NSW, after May 1842
Died Hawaii, 7 September 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (16 August 1834), 1

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1837), 2

"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

"THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Herald (12 April 1839), 2

"CECILIAN CONCERT", The Colonist (8 June 1839), 3

The [Cecilian] Society and all who attend its concerts are indebted to Mr. Sea, whose polite and courteous attention to visitors, and general exertions for the interests of the Society and the arrangement of its concerts, are particularly appreciated.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 November 1839), 1

CECILIAN SOCIETY. THE Members and Subscribers are hereby informed that the next CONCERT will take place on WEDNESDAY, the 11th DECEMBER, being the Anniversary of the formation of the Society; and that from thenceforth the Society's Concerts will be held on the first instead of the last Wednesday in each Month. By Order of the Committee, HENRY SEA, Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 April 1841), 3 

CERTAIN articles having appeared in the Sydney Gazette, reflecting on some of the inhabitants of Bathurst and its neighbourhood, signed "Rigdum Funnidos," and "Scotticus," the authorship of which having by some been attributed to me, I beg most unequivocally to declare that I neither wrote them, nor am I in any way connected with these productions.
HENRY SEA. Bathurst, April 12th, 1841.

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Herald (15 July 1841), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1847), 3

"DEATH", Empire (23 January 1851), 3 [sic]

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1851), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (20 March 1851), 4 

ELEGANT AND MODERN HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE. Brilliant-toned semi-grand Pianoforte, by Collard; Choice Paintings and Engravings, China, Glassware, Plated Articles, Library of Popular and Standard Works, and various other Effects. MR. EDWARD SALAMON has received instructions from thc executors of the late JAMES SEA, .Esq., to sell by auction, (by kind permission of the Directors,) at the late Manager's residence, Union Bank, On TUESDAY, March 25, at ll o'clock . . . Writing table, music stand, fire screens . . .

"Death of Henry Sea, Esq."The Polynesian (10 September 1859), 2 

On Wednesday morning last, Sept. 7, after an illness of a few days, preceded by an epileptic stroke, died in this city, Mr. Henry Sea, an old fellow resident of 17 year's standing. Known to all through that singularly busy and boisterous period, he had the rare fortune to leave no enemies to scowl over his coffin. Gentle, obliging, affable, while in prosperous circumstances he never "let his right hand know what his left was doing;" patient, persevering, contented, when fortune frowned upon him he earned a competence, retained his friends, and asked no more.

Mr. Sea was born on the 5th Sept, 1806 [sic], in Milton, Kent, England, where his father, H. Sea, Esq., was Collector and Comptroller of Her Britannic Majesty's Customs. Having received a liberal education, he was apprenticed and served his time to the typographical art in the city of London. From there he went to Australia, where he had relatives residing, and from there to Tahiti, where he acted as Secretary to the English Consulate. In 1842 he arrived here and served as Secretary to Sir Geo. Simpson, to the British Commission under Lord George Paulet, and afterward to Gen. Miller, H. B. M. Consul General. On the 6yh of Oct., 1845, he was appointed Marshal of the Hawaiian Islands, or, as it was then called, High Sheriff of Oahu, and on the 5th of March, 1846, he was married to Miss Maria Sumner, only Daughter of Captain Wm. Sumner, one of the Hawaiian pioneers of the Kamehameha I. period, and residing in Honolulu. Having re signed his Marshal's baton, Mr. Sea started in the auction business and continued as a popular and prosperous auctioneer for several years. Having met with reverses in business some three years ago, he fell back upon his profession of a printer, at which occupation he continued until he was taken down with his last illness. Almost the last public act of Mr. Sea was a lecture, which he delivered before the Dashaway Association of Honolulu, of which he was a member, about three weeks ago, and which was listened to with uninterrupted interest and marked approbation. While his own last proof-sheet has been struck off and sent up to the author of all being for inspection, his many and warm friends will often miss the bland smile, the genuine kindliness and the unobtrusive presence of Henry Sea. His wife and an adopted son survive him. His funeral will take place to-morrow afternoon at his late residence on Richard St., at 4 o'clock.

SEAL, August = August SIEGEL (August William SIEGEL; August SEAL)

Musician, bandsman

Born Wiesbaden, Nassau, Germany, c. 1822
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 February 1855 (per Pacific, from London, 25 November 1854, with G. B. Brooke's company)
Married (1) Harriet WILES, Sydney, NSW, 1855
Active Sydney, NSW, by May 1856
Arrived Brisbane, NSW (QLD), by September 1857
Married (2) Catherine HILLS, QLD, ?
Died Brisbane, QLD, 10 July 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

SEAL, Andrew = Andreas SIEGEL (Andrew SEAL; )

Double bass player (Royal Lyceum), bandmaster (Volunteer Band), euphonium player, composer

Born Wiesbaden, Nassau, Germany, c. 1833; younger brother of the above
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 February 1855 (per Pacific, from London, 25 November 1854, with G. B. Brooke's company)
Active Sydney, NSW, by May 1856 (or earlier)
Arrived Brisbane, NSW (QLD), by September 1857
Married Margaret Victoria WALKER (1840-1924), QLD, 31 July 1862
Died Brisbane, QLD, 10 September 1904 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The Siegel/Seal brothers were in party of theatrical musicians who embarked from London for Australia in November 1854, in the company of the actor and manager G. V. Brooke.

Arriving in Melbourne, in late February 1855, they presumably played for Brooke's Melbourne season in March and April with the local musicians of the Queen's Theatre orchestra, under its leader Bream Thom. They then followed Brooke to Sydney, where initially they probably formed the nucleus of the band for his season at the Royal Victoria Theatre, while most of the local regular theatrical band was engaged in opera at the Prince of Wales Theatre.

During their two full years in Sydney, the brothers appeared only once in their own right in the playbills, as voluteering their services, in May 1856, as "August Siegel" and "Andrew Siegel", for a charity benefit in aid of one of the city's two volunteer fire brigades.

With two of the Cramer brothers, Ferdinand and Ernest, they then sailed for Brisbane in the second half of 1857, having been informally engaged to perform as a town band by the local businessman and music lover Robert Ramsey Mackenzie.

August married Harriet Wiles in Sydney in 1855, and their first son, William Andrew Seal (Siegel), later mayor of Brisbane, was born in Sydney in 1857. A second son, Charles, was born in Brisbane in 1859. In 1861, Harriet left her husband and two children and returned to Sydney. She was living in Sydney, still or again, at the time of her father's death in 1879. August claimed to have married a second time, though there is no record of either divorce or remarriage.

He was still working as a theatre musician in the mid 1880s. However, evidently lacking any ongoing support from either of his sons, August was an inmate of the Benevolent Asylum from 1887 until a few days before his death, in Brisbane, on 10 June 1901. Harriet died in Brisbane, on 6 August 1904, just a month before the death of her elder son, William Andrew Seal, who, adding to later confusion, died only a week before his uncle Andrew Seal.


England, alien arrivals, Dover, 12 February 1849 (per Ville de Bruge); UK National Archives 

12th Feb'y '49 / Johannes Becker / Musician / [Native of] Germany
Conrad Schernady / [Musician] / Belge
Andreas Siegel / [Musician] / -

England, alien arrivals, London, December 1851 (per Soho); UK National Archives 

A list of aliens . . . [per] Soho bound from Antwerp to the port of London . . .
John Baker / Musician / [native of] Nassau
Florenz Becker / Musician / [Nassau]
August Siegel / [Musician] / [Nassau]
Carl Schenider / [Musician] / [Nassau]
Andreas Siegel / [Musician] / [Nassau]

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (31 May 1856), 1 

Benefit to the Victoria Volunteer Fire Company, No. 1.
Mr. and Mrs. JAMES STARK, and the undermentioned Ladies and Gentlemen of the company, have, in the kindest manner,
offered their gratuitous services on the above evening :- Messrs. J. C. Lambert, C. H. Twight, W. Dind, W. Thompson,
August Siegel, Andrew Siegel, Fritz Cramer, W. Davies, Henry Cramer, Ferdinand Cramer,
F. Friedlander, M. Vaughan, A. Grebet, J. Winning, W. Moulden, W. Hinchey, Edward Sadler, W. Ganden, S. H. Brown, J. Purcell, R. Bruce;, Mrs. Lambert. Mrs. Guerin, Mrs. Hart, Mrs. Mortimer, Miss Ward, Miss Douglas, Miss Hart.
The Australian Gas Company have kindly granted the free use of the Gas. Messrs, Paisey and Pryor have very liberally contributed the Printing.

. . . The Orchestra will play Jullien's celebrated Fireman's Quadrille, arranged by Mr. J. Gibbs, introducing various effects, - the alarm - the fire bell - men at the breaks - the whistle - the signal of return to the engine station . . .

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 September 1857), 3

BRISBANE BAND. THE Public are respectfully informed that (the Directors of the Brisbane Botanical Gardens having kindly granted their permission), the undersigned intend playing musical selections twice a week in the Gardens, should sufficient encouragement be given by the inhabitants of Brisbane and its vicinity. The instruments consist of a Clarionet, Cornet, Saxtuba, and Trombone. Subscriptions will be invited by personal application during the ensuing week.
September 5, 1857.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (19 September 1857), 3 

THE public are respectfully informed that the arrangements for giving regular performances have now been completed, and that the
will take place in the Botanic Gardens, on MONDAY AFTERNOON, at four o'clock, and terminate at six. The second performance will take place on SATURDAY AFTERNOON, at the same hour. The performances will be repeated every
MONDAY and SATURDAY, from 4 to 6 o'clock.
In announcing their programme they hope to have the attendance of all who can make it convenient to attend.
The Instruments consist of a Clarinet, Cornet, Sextuba [sax tuba] and Trombone.
1. Grand March - Annie Laurie - BOSSINI.
2. Aria from Romeo and Juliet - BELLINI.
3. Carlslust Polka - KESSLER.
4. Cavitina from Anna Pollena [Bolena] - DONIZETTIE.
5. Faust Waltz - D'ALBERT.
6. Cavitina from Attilla - VERDY [Verdi].
7. Como Quadrille - D'ALBERT.
8. Cavitina from Robert Diavolo - MEYERBEER.
9. Victory Galop - TINNY.
10. French and English Alliance National Air - H. RUSSEL.
11. God Save the Queen.
September 19, 1857.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (26 September 1857), 3 

THE public are respectfully informed that the
of the BRISBANE BAND will take place THIS AFTERNOON, at four o'clock, and will he continued on every MONDAY and SATURDAY AFTERNOON, at four o'clock, terminating at six o'clock.
1. Glasgow March - by BORK.
2. Duett Lucrezia Borgia - by DONIZETTI.
8. Essex Waltz - by LABITZKY.
4. Grand Selection of Scotch Airs - by LAUBACH.
5. Frances Polka - by KESSLER.
6. Duett from Norma - by BELLINI.
7. Edinburgh Quadrille - by D'ALBERT.
8. Grand Selection from Willam Tell - by ROSSINI.
9. Overland Mail Gallop.
God Save the Queen.
September 26th, 1857.

"BRISBANE BAND", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 September 1857), 2 

On Monday last the Band performed several selections and popular waltzes in the Botanic Gardens. A considerable number of persons assembled, and we believe they were all gratified by the entertainment. The programme was well chosen and the playing displayed both good taste and skill. The Band will doubtless grow in favor and become essential in promoting public enjoyment. We trust to see them bringing all classes to the spot and creating that harmony and elevated feeling which we fear is not general. There will be another performance this afternoon. We were sorry to observe some urchins running recklessly among the shrubs and flower plots. Precautions will be taken to prevent a recurrence of this by placing policemen in the garden.

[3 advertisements], The Moreton Bay Courier (3 October 1857), 3 

ON MONDAY AND TUESDAY EVENINGS, October 5th and 6th, 1857.
SELECTIONS from the most popular Operas by the BRISBANE BAND.
Views of Edinburgh Castle, Stirling Castle, Temple Bar, Admiralty, Walmer Castle, Andermatt, Rialto Venice, Padua, Ezion Geber, Moonlight Views. Winter and Summer Scenes, Arctic Regions, &c.
31 Views including Comic Scenes, will be exhibited each evening. An entire change on TUESDAY. The proprietor of the Dissolving Views beg most respectfully to inform his friends and the public that he has received a large number of NEW VIEWS; and powerful reflectors which will greatly increase their brilliancy.
To commence each evening at half-past seven o'clock.v Admission - Hall 2s., Gallery 1s.; children half-price.

THE public are respectfully informed that the performance of the BRISBANE BAND will take place in the Botanic Gardens, THIS AFTERNOON, commencing at four o'clock and terminating at six.
1. French and English Alliance National Airs - by H. RUSSELL
2. Aria from Tancredi - by ROSSINI.
3. Carazener Waltz - by LANITHEY.
4. Grand Selection from Der Freyschutz - by WEBER
5. Emerald Polka.
6. Grand Selection of Scotch Airs - by LAUBACH.
7. England Quadrille - by D'ALBERT.
8. Grand Selection from Fra Diavolo - by AUBER.
9. Pleasure of Matrimony Gallop - by GUNGL.
10. God Save the Queen.
October 2,1857.

THE Members of this Band, who have of late been performing twice a week in the Brisbane Botanic Garden, intend giving two performances at IPSWICH during the ensuing week, on
WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, in the old Police Yard. Should they meet with sufficient encouragement, the performances will be continued weekly, during the summer.

"MORETON BAY [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT] BRISBANE, September 30th", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1857), 3 

The musical performances of the Brisbane band attract large crowds of visitors to the Botanic Gardens on the afternoons on which the entertainments are given. The place selected is under the shade of a wild olive, on the elevated terrace which runs along the river bank. The spot is attractive in many respects, and is fully exposed to the influence of the sea breeze, which blows up the river with delicious freshness, and imparts that universal sense of coolness to the frame which the inhabitants of a hot latitude can only fully appreciate . . .

"POLICE COURT. SATURDAY", The Moreton Bay Courier (31 March 1858), 2 

Andreas and Auguste Seal were admonished and discharged for using threatening language.

Certificate of naturalisation, Andreas Siegel, 5 July 1859; State Records Authority of New South Wales 

. . . Andreas Siegel is a native of Nassau, Germany, is twenty six years of age, and that having arrived by the ship Pacific in the year 1855 he is now residing in Warwick and being desirous of purchasing land in the said colony and of settling therein . . . given . . . [5 July 1859]

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (26 November 1859), 3 

The Brisbane Band.
MR. ANDREW SEAL has much pleasure in informing the inhabitants of Brisbane and Queensland in general, that he has succeeded in forming a Band of five musicians, far superior to that formerly conducted by him. By the addition of the three Messrs. SMITH, a first-rate String Band is formed, suitable for Balls and indoor amusements, and the " Harmonie," or Brass Band, is now much more powerful than before. Persons wishing to give balls and other parties through these merry months, will please to make speedy arrangements with Mr. SEAL, as the services of his Band will be in great requisition.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (30 June 1860), 4 

Public Notice.
ON account of a general wish of the inhabitants of Brisbane, I have been successful in collecting nearly all the members of my former Band, and in addition several new members, I have been requested to enter into an engagement to play twice a-week in the Government Gardens, on MONDAYS and FRIDAYS, from 3 p.m. till 5 p.m., commencing on MONDAY next, the 2nd JULY.
I therefore beg of all persons who are anxious for an afternoon's amusement to come forward with their liberal subscriptions, in order that I may not have a great difficulty in keeping my Band this time together.
However, I do not think that it will be a difficult matter now, if I consider the great increase in our population to what it was two years ago.
I therefore trust and beg once more of all interested parties to subscribe liberally on this occasion, that I may be enabled to keep my Band in future among you, and whioh will also enablo me to play for private parties and balls at a very moderate price to what I have hitherto been compelled to charge, so that persons intending to give such private parties may easily avail themselves of our services without incurring great expense.
I remain your humble servant,
Conductor of the Brisbane Band.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (30 June 1860), 3 

MR. SEIGLE begs to inform the public that the Brisbane Band will play for the first time in the Government Gardens on
MONDAY next, from three o'clock till five (weather permitting.) The following is the
1. The Standard Bearer, March - A. Seigle.
2. Overture Italiani Algieri - Rossini.
3. Carazener Waltz - Labitzky.
4. Duett, from Norma - Bellini.
5. Pauline Polka. - Haffer.
6. Aria, from Rosenberg - Harold.
7. Ibrahim Pacha Quadrille - D'Albert.
8. Selection from Freischutz - Weber.
9. Pleasure of Matrimony, Galop - Gunge. [Gungl]
10. God Save the Queen.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 July 1860), 3 

MR. SEAL begs to inform subscribers and the public generally, that the Brisbane Band will play in the Government Gardens,
on FRIDAY next (To-morrow), from half-past 3 to half past 5, the following
1. Glasgow March - Borck
2. Overture Masaniello - Auber
3. The Peri Waltz - D'Albert
4. Aria from Romeo and Juliet - Bellini
5 The Palermo Quadrille - D'Albert
6. Cavatina from Sonnambula - Bellini
7. The Wedding Polka - Farmer
8. Cavatina from Robert Diavolo - Meyerbeer
9. The Spirit of the Ball - Lord Fitzgerald
10. God Save the Queen.
N.B.-Private dinners, parties, attended £2 2s per evening; private balls, £5 5s.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (16 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette (24 January 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

NOTICE. - I will not be responsible for any DEBTS contracted by my wife, HARRIET SIEGEL (daughter ot Mr. Wills [sic]), Surry Hills, she having left her home, and two children, at Brisbane, without any provocation, and come to Sydney.
AUGUST SIEGEL, Sydney, July 9.

"THE VOLUNTEER BAND CONCERT", The Courier (21 June 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (13 February 1865), 5 

Proprietor - Mr. G. B. MASON. Stage Manager - Mr. J. H. VISSSON.
Scenic Artist - Mr. J. WATSON. Leader of Orchestra - Herr SIEGEL . . .

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (26 May 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (30 May 1868), 1

August Seal, 1872; Queensland State Archives, Naturalisations 1851 to 1904 

[News], The Brisbane Courier (15 December 1877), 5 

THE moonlight excursion announced for Wednesday, the 19th instant, is a novelty in the way of public entertainment in Brisbane, and, granted a fine evening, should prove attractive to a large number of the younger members of the community. The steamer Settler affords special accommodation for lovers of the dance, and as it is purposed to land the excursionists at Pinkenbar Flats for an hour or more, ample opportunity will be found for such amusement. The full band of No. 1 Battery Q. V. Artillery accompanies the excursion, and with late valuable additions to its strength, and under the direction of Mr. August Seal, music of the first quality may be relied upon.

? "DEATH IN THE BUSH", The Western Champion [Blackall/Barcaldine, QLD] (31 December 1880), 2 

News was brought into town this week that the body of an old man had been found in the bush dead, probably from thirst. His name was August Seal.

Andreas Siegel, 1882 Queensland State Archives, Naturalisations 1851 to 1904 

Admission form, Benevolent Asylum, Dunwich; Queensland State Archives 

August William Seal, age: 66 . . . admitted September 20th 1887, Brisbane;
Cause of Admission: Rupture; [born] Nassau, Germany . . . Lutheran . . . Musician . . . Mother's name: Elizabeth unknown . . .
Married 1st at Sydney, 55, Harriet Wiles, 2nd Catherine Hills, ? Brisbane; Children: by the first wife William Andrew, '57, Charles Sael, '59.
History: Arrived in Sydney 1855 in the ship "Pacific"
I remained three years in New South Wales and then came to Queensland.
I have supported myself in my profession since my arrival
employed during the last two years at the Brisbane Theatres,
no property, no cash,
my eldest son is living at Brunswick Street Valley my second son is at sea I do not know where . . .
[Comments] . . . discahred 4 June 1901

"FUNERAL NOTICE", The Telegraph (12 September 1904), 6 

The Friends of Mr. ANDREAS SEAL, deceased (late Bandmaster Police Band), are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral, to move from the residence of his Daughter (Mrs. H. E. Pizey), Villa Maria, Quay street, North Quay, THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock, for the Toowong Cemetery. SILLETT & BARRETT, Undertakers.

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (12 September 1904), 4

Mr. A. Seal, bandmaster of the Police Band, who has been an inmate of St. Helen's Private Hospital, died at that Institution on Saturday evening. That the late bandmaster's end was near at hand his relations and friends have known for some days. Of Mr. Seal, it might have been truly said that he was the father of Queensland brass bands, for most of the local bandsmen have either received some of their training at his hands, or from pupils whom he had tutored. The late musician was a native of Wiesbaden, on the Rhine. When but a lad he went to London, and was there engaged for the orchestra of the Princess Theatre. In 1854 [arrived 1855] he came to Australia with the late Mr. G. V. Brooke, the eminent tragedian. In 1857 he was engaged by the late Sir Robert Mackenzie to play for a season in the Brisbane Botanical Gardens. He was for many years in the service of the Queensland Defence Force as a bandmaster, and since the formation of the Queensland Police Band he has been its head. A man of much talent and activity, the late bandmaster found time, besides performing his duties as conductor, to compose several pieces of music. He was of a generous nature, and he had been a favourite with those with whom he has been associated during his forty-five years in Queensland. His wife and three daughters have survived him . . .

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE BANDMASTER SEAL", The Brisbane Courier (13 September 1904), 4

Musical sources (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Papers of Andrew Seal [Papers and music of bandmaster, composer and musican Professor Andrew Seal], OM77-46 (Box 8993 O/S), John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland 

C. G. Austin, "Early history of music in Queensland", Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland 6/4 (1962), 1052-67 (DIGITISED)

Clem Llewellyn Lack, "Early musicians on the wallaby: the Seal brothers and some Australian contemporaries", Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland 8/1 (1966), 155-161 (DIGITISED)

Frederick J. Erickson, The bands and orchestras of colonial Brisbane (Ph.D Thesis, School of Music, The University of Queensland, 1987) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Simon Miller, "Recreating the Brisbane Band of 1857", State Library of Queensland, blog, posted 12 March 2013 

Helen Penridge, "Echoes of home: park music culture in colonial Brisbane", Queensland history journal 22/6 (August 2014), 468-79 

"August William Siegel (1822-1901)", Find a grave

SEARELLE, William Luscombe (Luscombe SEARELLE; SEARELL)

Pianist, conductor, impresario, composer

Born Devon, England, 1853
Raised and educated in New Zealand
Active Australia, from 1874
Died Surrey, England, 18 December 1907 (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary (from NLA):

Born in England, Searelle grew up in New Zealand. He claimed that the only musical training he ever received was from his mother during his childhood, and two lessons from Charles Packer in Sydney.

After leaving school in 1869 intending to study law, he made his living as a touring pianist and repetiteur for small opera companies in New Zealand and Australia. He gave the first performance of Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore in Sydney in 1879. The first opera of his own to be produced was a sequel, The wreck of the Pinafore, in Christchurch in 1880.

In Australia, Searelle found that although he could readily obtain work as a conductor and repetiteur, no one was willing to perform his works. When Williamson declined to take his next work, The Fakir of Travancore, he went to America, where the work played to great acclaim in San Francisco. At this point he decided to lend distinction to his surname by the addition of the final "e". In 1882 he revived The Wreck of the Pinafore at the Opera Comique, London, the very theatre in which Gilbert and Sullivan's work had been premiered. Although hounded by the press for his impunity in emulating Britain's most popular librettist and composer, he had established himself in the public eye.

Another work Estrellawas successful in England, but was discontinued in New York after the theatre caught fire. Illness caused Searelle to return to Australia in 1884, where he completed his next opera Bobadil, and gave the Australian premiere of Estrella. It enjoyed great popularity in Sydney and Melbourne. Bobadil also enjoyed similar success, as did his Isadora in 1885.

Following an 1886 visit to New Zealand, Searelle organised an operatic troupe and toured with it to South Africa. He made a fortune in property investment there at the beginning of a gold rush. In 1891 he gave the premiere of his cantata Australia in New Zealand, which described the evolution and history of the continent. Returning to South Africa, he became a noted impresario, importing numerous eminent singers, actors, and whole opera companies from England.

With the outbreak of the Boer War, he was ordered to join the Boer army, and his refusal precipitated his financial ruin. He lived in England and America until his death.


"A POPULAR FANTASIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1874), 4

Mr. Luscombe Searell, a young composer of promise, who may be said to be almost a native of New Zealand, has arranged as a fantasia, in a very spirited manner, the celebrated duet "The bold Gens d'Armes", from Offenbach's opera of "Geneviève de Brabant". This effort of the young musician displays a considerable knowledge of effective composition for the pianoforte. Master Searell, we are informed, is engaged on the construction of an opera which he intends to produce in Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1874), 8

LUSCOMBE SEARELL, the youngest Composer in the world, and celebrated Piano Soloist, will perform the CARNIVALE DE VENICE, with variations on the Piano, with a common clothes-brush.

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1908), 5

The death is announced of Mr. Luscombe Searelle, whose comic operas used to entertain Sydney people years ago.

"MAINLY ABOUT PEOPLE", The Daily News (7 February 1908), 7

Many Australians will regret to hear of the recent death of Mr. Luscombe Searelle, at the age of 50. After leaving Australia Mr. Searelle sought theatrical fortune in all quarters of the globe, and until the South African war broke out was proprietor of the Theatre Royal, Johannesburg. Subsequently he went to America, and collaborated with the poetess, Ella Wheeler Wilcox in writing a religious drama, "Mizpah", for the London production of which arrangements have been made with the Lyceum preprietory [sic].

Selected prints:

The bold gens-d'armes: fantasia on Offenbach's air in Genevieve de Brabant (by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: J.R. Clarke, 1874) 

Song of the bul-bul ("Sing to me, birdie" from Fakir of Travancore) (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1881)

Estrella, comic opera in three acts (New York: Wm. A. Pond & Co., 1883) (vocal score) (MS orchestral parts

Estrella, opera comique in three acts [wordbook only] (libretto by Walter Parke; the music by Luscombe Searelle) ([Sydney]: [Williamson, Garner and Musgrove's Royal Comic Opera Company], 1884) 

Bobadil, comic opera in three acts [wordbook only] (libretto by Walter Parke; composed by Luscombe Searelle with several lyrics written by the Composer) (Sydney: Jas. Miller & Co., 1884) 

Estrella valse (on melodies from Luscombe Searelle's comic opera) (London: Duff & Stewart; Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co. Ltd., [188-]) 

Broken-hearted (song written by C. Russell Blackman; composed by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: [s.n., 189-?]) (Chas. Troedel & Co.) 

The Soudan march ([Sydney: s.n., 1885]) 

Bobadil waltzes ([? Sydney: s.n., 188-?]) 

Love me (from ... Bobadil; words & music by Luscombe Searelle) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [188-?]) 

The babies on our block galop (for the pianoforte /arranged from the popular song introduced by Miss Maggie Moore by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [189-])

My grandfather's clock: divertimento for the piano on the popular song (Sydney: C. Troedel & Co., [18--]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Luscombe Searelle", Wikipedia

Mark Pinner, Mr. Luscombe Searelle, the popular composer (Ph.D thesis, University of Sydney, 2012) 

Mark Pinner, "Racial stereotypes as comedic mechanism: Luscombe Searelle and Walter Parke", Grainger Studies 1 (2011)


Musician, trombone player, trombonist

Active 1850s; to c. 1860


"MR. WINTERBOTTOM", Empire (14 August 1861), 5 

A very gratifying testimonial was presented to Mr. Winterbottom, the eminent bassoonist and conductor, previous to his departure from Sydney, yesterday, for Melbourne, en route for England, by several of the artistes who have been members of the corps d'orchestre, under Mr. Winterbottom, since he arrived in these colonies. The testimonial consisted of a handsome frame, containing photographic portraits, very beautifully executed by Mr. Glaister, of Pitt-street, of Mr. Winterbottom himself (in the centre), surrounded by those of the following artistes: Mr. Eigenschenck (leader), Mr. J. Hall (second violin), Mr. Rice (viola), Mr. Vaughan (flute), Mr. Chate (basso), Mr. Prince (cornet), Mr. Seamore (trombone), and Mr. Sharp (drums); all of whom, we understand, have, with slight intermission, been connected with Mr. Winterbottom during the last nine years in his professional career in Australia. The manner in which they have thus testified their regard and sympathy for their late talented conductor, is at once appropriate and suggestive, and we doubt not, will be long cherished by the accomplished artiste to whom it has been offered, and whose departure from these colonies will create a vacuum in the musical world which it will be extremely difficult to supply.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (conductor); Thomas Glaister (photographer); Charles Eigenschenck (violin); John Thomson Hall (violin); Walter Rice (violin); Robert Vaughan (flute); Henry Prince (cornet) Alfred Chate (double bass); Frederick Sharpe (drums)

SEDDON, Frederic Paul

Pianist, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1851 (with father, the Rev'd David Seddon)
Died Canterbury, England, 26 February 1882, aged 37

SEDDON, John Sumner

Organist (Christ Church, St. Kilda), pupil of Charles Edward Horsley

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Died Canterbury, England, 28 September 1880


"HER MAJESTY'S BIRTHDAY", The Argus (27 May 1863), 4

[News], The Argus (23 October 1866), 4

"MEMORANDA", The Telegraph (27 October 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Telegraph (8 December 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (12 December 1866), 5 

We have received from the author, Mr. F. P. Seddon, a song "The Voice of the Wind." The music is well adapted to words which are plaintive and sweet. The composition is very creditable, especially to an amateur.

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS, ST. KILDA", The Telegraph (15 December 1866), 2

A very pretty hymn, composed by F. P. Seddon, Esq., was, also given with very good effect.

[News], The Argus (15 December 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1868), 3

"MUSIC IN MELBOURNE", The Benalla Ensign (30 March 1872), 2

Mr. J. S. Seddon, a pupil of C. E. Horsley, who brought together a fine array of talent, vocal and instrumental, consisting of some of the most distinguished soloists in and about Melbourne; yet shall it be said of the St. Kilda Elite to their shame that during the evening concerts the din and noise caused by a few insignificant persons was so great that scarcely a note of the music could be beard. Some persons have a peculiar way of annoying their neighbours, and this intolerable practice has become so great a nuisance latterly that it is high time steps were taken to put it down. Benalla folk will remember Mr. C. E Horsley. They will no doubt be glad to hear that he is beginning to do very well in the old country, but complains bitterly of the climate; the latest cable is that he has been appointed conductor of a Liverpool Madrigal society.


"CHRIST CHURCH", The Telegraph (4 October 1873), 5

... The anthem was Dr. Nare's ,"Blessed is he that considereth the poor and needy," and was introduced by a choral recitative for male voices written for the occasion by Mr F. P. Seddon to the words "He that hath pity on the poor lendeth unto the Lord: and look, whatsoever he layeth out, it shall be paid to him  again."

"DEATHS", The Mercury (24 November 1880), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 April 1882), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1882), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Seddon, Frederic Paul", People Australia


Charles Edward Horsley (teacher of John)

The brothers were (? great-) uncles of Summer Locke Elliott


Musician, member of Radford's band

Active Alexandra, VIC, c. 1868


[News], Alexandra Times (24 November 1868), 2 

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Radford



Vocalists (Lyceum Theatre, Sydney)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855

SETARO, Francesco

Violinist, conductor, composer

Born Viggiano, Italy, 1868
Arrived SA, c. 1888; active by May 1889
Died Adelaide, SA, 15 January 1926, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SEWELL, Richard Clarke

Amateur musician, lawyer

Baptised Newport, Isle of Wight, 6 February 1803
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1856
Died St. Kilda, VIC, November 1864 (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATH OF DR. SEWELL", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 November 1864), 3

... The labors of the deceased were not confined to the bar, he was also the writer of several professional works of merit, "Sewell's Coroner's Law" being still a standard work. He was also the author of several works of fiction, and in this labor shared the honors with a talented sister, who survives to mourn his loss. As an artist and a musician his merits were known and appreciated by those who were intimate with him ...

Bibliography and resources:

"Sewell, Richard Clarke", Dictionary of national biography 51 (1897),_Richard_Clarke_(DNB00)

SEYLER, Frederick

SEYLER, Albert

Professors of Music, pianists

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 December 1848 (per Thomas Lowry, from London and Plymouth)
Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-49
Frederick died Melbourne, VIC, 18 June 1866, aged 42


Though listed as merchants on the manifest of their English ship (they indeed later set up as general retailers), Frederick and Albert Syler, from Hamburg and having "studied under the best German masters", advertised that they would both give "instructions on the Pianoforte". With fellow arrival George Fischer, they both appeared in a quarterly Conversazione with Georgiana Murray in January 1849.

One of the brothers appeared at Griffiths's concert in March 1849, and one in a musical melange at the Queen's Theatre in December, with Spencer Wallace, Frederick Ellard, Fischer, George Coppin, and the Lazars. Frederick Seyler sailed out on a ship for California in January 1850, though his destination may have been Melbourne. He returned to Adelaide, and later both he and Albert relocated to Melbourne.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 December 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (27 January 1849), 2

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (2 February 1849), 2

"LOCAL NEWS. MR. GRIFIFTHS'S Concert", South Australian (16 March 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 March 1849), 2

"NATURALIZATION OF ALIENS", South Australian Register (18 August 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (18 December 1849), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 January 1850), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (3 June 1850), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 June 1866), 4

SEYLER, Hermann (Herman SEYLER)

Violinist, teacher of piano and violin

Active Victoria, 1858-59


"MR. WHITE'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 July 1858), 1

HAYMARKET THEATRE. Fifth Night of the NEW SEASON. SATURDAY NIGHT .... Violin Solo - "Carnival de Venice." Herman Seyler (first appearance) ...

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (6 December 1859), 3

MR. HERMANN SEYLER begs to inform the public of Ballarat and suburbs that he is prepared to provide String or Brass Bands for balls, private parties, pic-nics, &c., on the shortest notice and at moderate prices. Lessons given on the piano and violin, as well as in the French and German languages. Prince Albert Hotel, Melbourne Road, Ballarat.



Born England, c. 1809
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1848
Died Henly Beach, SA, 18 March 1888, aged 79 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Organist, organ-builder

Born Birmingham, England, 1839
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1848 (with parents)
Died SA, 4 October 1912, aged 72 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sant in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

"EARLY CHURCH MUSIC", The Register (30 August 1906), 6 

"A VETERAN ORGANIST", The Register (27 January 1906), 7 

After 45 years of service in Stow Meorial Churoh as organist and choirmaster Mr. James Shakespeare has sent in his resignation. It falls to the lot of few musicians to enjoy such, a varied experience as Mr. Shakespeare has done. His record is unique, whilst his experiences of church music in the early days of the State enables him to recall many incidents of public interest. He is one of the oldest professors of the divine art in Adelaide. Born in one of the musical centres on England - Birmingham - in 1839, he was brought to South Australia by his parents when nine years of age. In the subsequent years he has seen practically the whole development of musical culture in the State, and has many interesting reminiscences to recount, especially in relation to the service of praise in connection with the churches. He was the son of Mr. Joseph Shakespeare, the first engineer to drive a train on the Adelaide to Port Adelaide Railway, and his love for music was partly inherited, for the father was an organist, and constructed a cottage pipe organ for his own use. Mr. James Shakespeare, in the first years of his colonial life, was taken to the Castlemaine, Bendigo, and Echunga goldfields successively, and afterwards settled down to study in the late Mr. James Bath's school, where, he was appointed head assistant. During these school days he received his first musical engagement as organist of St. Margaret's Anglican Church, Woodville. The instrument there was the seraphine, a concern similar to the harmonium, but possessing only one pedal. Mr. Shakespeare was next made assistant master in the late Mr. J. L. Young's school, in Stephens place and on leaving that institution took up music as a profession, and achieved much success in the enterprise.

- The First Pipe Organ. - "The first pipe organ I heard in South Australia," said Mr. Shakespeare, "was in St. John's Church. That was in 1848. It charmed me, and revived sweet memories of the homeland. There was also a little pipe organ with three or four stops in All Saints' Church, Hindmarsh, where I was a Sunday scholar in the same class with the Hon. J. Vardon. At that time I happened to be introduced by chance by Mr. (now Sir Jenkin) Coles, who was a Christ Church chorister, to Mr. Greenwood, organist at that church. Having an excellent voice I became a solo choir boy there, and remained in that capacity until my voice broke. The instrument they had there was purchased from the residence known as 'Graham's Castle,' at Prospect. My father enlarged the instrument, and introduced pedals and pedal pipes into it. When it was afterwards sold I bought it, and the organ was subsequently used in the Norwood Baptist Church until the present one was built there, when it went into the possession of Mr. Dodd, the organ builder.

- Early Church Music - 'Something about the early church music? Well, originally the Adelaide church music was unpretentious. At Christ Church we had the 'Te Deum,' Jubilate,' and ordinary hymns, with Jackson's morning service and King's evening service rendered fairly regularly. While I was chorister boy there they never went beyond that.

- Stow Church. - . . . [as quoted below]

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES SHAKESPEARE", The Register (5 October 1912), 17 

After nine months' illness the death occurred from paralysis on Friday morning, at Miss Hills Private Hospital, of Mr. James Shakespeare. For many years he had resided in Stratford Villa in Pulteney street. The house was named after the birthplace of the great bard, from whom Mr. Shakespeare claimed descent. Here he conducted a bachelors' home, and many of his old associates, who still live in Adelaide, will share in the regret at his death. The relatives include Mr. William Shakespeare (City Inspector, the only brother), and five sisters - Mesdames L. Grayson, Davis, W. H. Newbold, C. Holder, and R. J. Leicester. The deceased was born in Birmingham, England, 72 years ago. He arrived in South Australia with his parents in 1849, and received his education at Christ Church School, North Adelaide. The head master was the late James Bath, who afterwards was Secretary to the Minister of Education. Mr. Shakespeare was for several years assistant teacher to Mr. Bath. Afterwards he received an appointment as one of the teachers at the late J. L. Young's Academy in Adelaide, where he continued for several years. Having adopted the profession of music, he devoted the whole of his time to that calling, and was highly successful, he was appointed organist at the Freeman Street Congregational Church, and afterwards at Stow Church Flinders street, where he continued as organist for 45 years. On retiring, nearly seven years ago, he was presented with an address and a purse of sovereigns. In 1871 Mr. Shakespeare produced the opera "Norma" at White's Assembly Rooms (now the Tivoli Theatre), and also the opera "Maritana," in the following year. For several years he was the organist of the first Philharmonic Society. On becoming a Freemason he was appointed the onganist of his lodge, and acted in the same capacity for several other lodges. Afterwards he was elected as organist to the Grand Lodge, which appointments he retained until stricken with paralysis. In addition to passing through the various chairs, Mr. Shakespeare's services as a lecturer upon Freemasonry were often sought by the various lodges. It was when going to deliver one of his lectures to the Snowtown Lodge that owing to the excessive heat he received a stroke and became an inmate of the private hospital in that town for several weeks. Mr. Shakespeare composed a musical service of Masonic Ritual, which is now being printed in book form in London. This has been highly praised by lodge members. The late Mr. Shakespeare was also an artist in oil-painting. For manv years he conducted the young men's Bible class at Stow Church, and was made the recipient of a beautiful present on relinquishing that office. On the occasion of Mr. Shakespeare's retirement from the position of organist and choirmaster of Stow Church he gave an interview to a representative of The Register, who stated:

"It falls to the lot of few musicians to enjoy such a varied experience as Mr. Shakespeare has done. His record is unique, and his experiences of church music in the early days of the State enable him to recall many incidents of public interest. He is one of the oldest professors of the divine art in Adelaide. He has seen practically the whole develop ment of musical culture in the State, and has many interesting reminiscences to re count, especially in relation to the service of praise in connection with the churches. He was the son of Mr. Joseph Shakespeare, the first engineer to drive a train on the Adelaide to Port Adelaide Railway, and his love for music was partly inherited, for the father was an organist, and constructed a cottage pipe organ for his own use.

"I was first appointed organist, or harmoniumist, at the Congregational Church in Freeman street (now used as Simpson's tinware factory) 45 years ago" (stated Mr. Shakespeare), "about six months before the death of the Rev. T. Q. Stow. So primitive were the ideas of the people in regard to the musical service that they would not tolerate the introduction of chants and psalms. The 'fathers' of the church were very hostile to the pipe organ, and considered it uncalled for and 'Popish.' When [I] introduced the chanting of a hymn many of the congregation would immediately sit down. In fact, a meeting was held deprecating voluntary playing or music after the service. The minister asked if I would simply play 'I will arise and go to my father,' and no concluding voluntary. I did this for a time, but afterwards said I would rather go than submit to be so hampered. I determined to play a simple melody before and after the service. but it had to be of a hymnal character lest it should shock the good folk. An anthem was never heard except on festive occasions, and then the very people who objected most strongly to its employment in the regular service were delighted with it, and we were asked to sing it at tea and public meetings. Mr. C. B. Symes, when pastor, determined that he would not only have chanting but the 'Te Deum,' but this was fatal to his popularity. Some of the church members reduced their subscriptions by 50 per cent., but I little knew how much the pastor had suffered in trying to improve the music until Mr. Symes told me himself afterwards. When the late Rev. W. Roby Fletcher took the pulpit there was an accumulated debt of £200, caused by the reduced subscriptions. A committee was formed to decide how this should be wiped off. It was suggested that the organ should be closed the organist dismissed, and the harmonium reinstated; and that I should be asked to play, for £30 per annum. I replied that if the church was in difficulties I would play for nothing but that I would not disgrace my profession by playing for £30 a year. As I had offered to play for nothing, they could not very well send me away and I remained."

Bibliography and resources:

David Shield, "The elusive Miss Blown: organists of South Australia", OHTA Journal (April 1998), 16-18, 23-29 

SHALL, William


Active Eaglehawk, VIC, 1867


"AN EDUCATED THIEF", Launceston Examiner (20 June 1867), 2

William Shall, a teacher by profession, an accomplished linguist, speaking no less than five modern languages fluently, and an experienced musician, was sent to gaol for a month by the magistrates of Eaglehawk for stealing a blanket. A man named Norman, who found Shall about four weeks ago in a destitute condition, took him home with him, and afterwards got him a situation. The ungrateful scamp rewarded his benefactor by breaking into his house and stealing the blanket.

SHALLARD, Joseph Thomas

Music compositor, printer, and publisher; general printer and publisher

Born England; baptised Moseley St. Mary, King's Norton, Worcestershire, 22 June 1828
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1859
Died Leichhardt, NSW, 21 June 1893, aged 65 years

Gibbs, Shallard and Co. (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

Clarson, Shallard and Co. (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Illustrated Sydney News (16 February 1866), 16

THE PARTNERSHIP existing during the last seven years between the undersigned, under the style of CLARSON, SHALLARD, & Co., as Printers and Publishers, has this day been renewed, and will henceforth be conducted in Sydney and Melbourne in the names of the resident Partners, as under: GIBBS, SHALLARD, & Co., SYDNEY. CLARSON, MASSINA, & Co., MELBOURNE. (Signed) JOSEPH T. B. GIBBS, JOSEPH T. SHALLARD, ALFRED MASSINA, WILLIAM CLARSON. January 1st. 1866

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1893), 10


F. S. Wilson, Australian songs and poems (Sydney: Gibbs, Shallard, & Co.,1870)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 149 (Clarson, Shallard and Co.), 172-73 (Gibbs, Shallard and Co.) (DIGITISED)

"Gibbs, Shallard and Co.", AustLit 


Bandmaster, master of the band of the 58th Regiment

Born c. 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 September 1844 (with regiment, per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from Chatham, 14 May, via Hobart Town)
Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844-45, 1846-47
Died New Zealand, 2 January 1849, aged 32 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bandsman, keyed bugle player, drum major, 58th Regiment

Born Weedon, Northamptonshire, England, 1823
Enlisted 58th Regiment, England, 10 May 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 September 1844 (with regiment, per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from Chatham, 14 May, via Hobart Town)
Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844-45, 1846-47
Discharged, New Zealand, 28 February 1853
Died Auckland, NZ, 22 June 1895, aged 72

See also Band of the 58th Regiment

Keyed bugle, presented to Acting Corporal John Shanaghan, 58th Regiment [in New Zealand], with one coil and 8 silver keys, brass/silver, made by Thomas Key, 20 Charing Cross Road, London, England, c.1830; Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, NSW 

Inscription engraved on bell:

Presented by an officer of his Corps to Act'g Corp. Shanaghan of the 58th Reg't for his industry & talent as a Musician.


James and John Shanaghan, respectively sergeant and corporal of the band, arrived in Sydney with their regiment, the 58th, in September 1844. Before the regiment was deployed in the war in New Zealand, the band was stationed at Parramatta for about six months, from October 1844 to March 1845. They then had a second lay-over in New South Wales, from December 1846 to June 1847, before returning again to New Zealand.

No record of James's birth has yet been found, but he and John were possibly brothers. John was born in Weedon, Northamptonshire, in 1823, and on enlisting in the 58th Regiment, on 10 May 1836, his occupation was given as labourer. John's keyed bugle, presented to him by an officer for musical aptitude, probably sometime before 1840, is now in the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney.

The regiment was in Dublin in 1841 and 1842, when the band played for several public events, one of them reportedly under its then leader, a Mr. Wallace. On arriving back in England in 1843, the brass band (as it was described) reportedly consisted of 50 men.

In Sydney in February 1845, James Shanaghan, as band sergeant, was called to give evidence in a court case concerning the illegal resale of a "cornopean" belonging to the band that had been sent for repair.

The only record of the band's repertoire under James's direction was this program played for the Homebush Races, during their second Sydney sojourn, in May 1847:

Overture - Massaniello; Waltz - Le Bon Gout; Song - Fairy Boy; Song - Land of the West; Song - She wore a wreath of roses; Song - My beautiful Rhine; Song - I'll speak of thee; Court Polka ; Hallelujah Chorus; Lucia Lanemoor Quadrille [sic]; Rochester Ruadrille [sic]; Worongow Waltz; Irish Quadrille; Song - Kate Kearney; Prince of Wales Quadrille; Trio Bohemian Girl, Let not the heart for sorrow; Papal Guards' March; Annen Polka; The Dream; Through the World let us fly Love; Quadrille "La Peri"; English Quadrille; "Here's a health to all good Lasses" . . .

James died suddenly in New Zealand in 1849, and, on suspicion of suicide, was refused burial as a Catholic. John left the regiment in 1853, settled in New Zealand, and died in Auckland in 1895.


"CHARGE OF FELONY", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 February 1845), 3

Mr. Edward Daniel Cohen, Jeweller, of George-street, Sydney, was on Monday morning brought before the Police Bench, charged with having unlawfully in his possession a cornupeion [sic, cornopean], he knowing the same to have been unlawfully converted by one James Henry Fullard. George Macarthur, Esq., deposed to having purchased the cornupeion produced, of Cohen, for six pounds ten shillings. Mr. Gore was in witness's company, and called his attention to the maker's name, which was the same as that of the maker of an instrument stolen from Lieutenant Mayne, of the 50th. Witness asked Cohen if the instrument was the same, or could by any possibility be the same, when he said it was not, and seemed very anxious to remove a dinge in the instrument. Mr. S. John Gore, corroborated the above evidence. James Shanaghan, bandmaster, of the 58th Regt., had given the instrument produced to Fullard to repair, about the middle of October last; he could not get it back from him, and at last, Fullard told him he had sold it for thirty shillings to Mr. Cohen. Witness then went to Sydney, and took a constable of the police with him to Cohen's shop, on the 19th of December, when prisoner acknowledged to having purchased the instrument for fifty shillings; but said, he could not give it up as he had sold it to a person who was a stranger to him, and that he could not be at the trouble of looking after persons who bought goods of him. Witness told Fullard that the instrument was for sale; that the price was six guineas; and if any body wanted to purchase it, to refer their, to him; but he never in the most distant manner authorised Fullard to soil the instrument. Lieutenant Mayne, of the 58th Regiment, deposed to having given the instrument to the bandmaster to get it repaired. James Henry Fullard deposed to having received the instrument from the Band Master to repair, and to having sold it shortly afterwards to the prisoner for 50s. Cohen asked no questions about it when he purchased it; he had known me for some years previously. This closed the evidence, and the prisoner was fully committed to take his trial; but allowed bail, himself in £100, and two sureties in £50 each.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Henry Fullard

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1845), 2

58th Regiment muster roll (1 April to 30 June 1846); Archives NZ Microfilm Micro-Z 1699; Australasian Joint Copying Project Film 3838; National Archives (UK) Reference WO12/6747 Folios 1-57

760 / Sergeant / James Shanaghan / 1 Apr - 30 Jun
860 / Corporal / John Shanaghan / 01 Apr - 30 Jun . . .

"HOMEBUSH RACES, MAY 1847", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 May 1847), 3 

[News], New Zealander (3 January 1849), 2 

Yesterday afternoon an inquest was convened at the Masonic Hotel, Princes-street, by Dr. Davies, coroner, to inquire into the death of James Shanaghan, late Band-master of the 58th Regiment. The jury having proceeded to the Albert Barracks to view the body of the deceased, the following evidence was adduced: -

William Clifton, Colour Sergeant, 58th Regiment, sworn, saith - "Last night I saw James Shanaghan, apparently asleep, sitting in the Sergeants' mess room. I called upon his brother, John Shanaghan, to assist in taking him out of the room. We helped deceased out of the room to the bed where he is now lying. I did not see deceased afterwards until this morning, when he was dead. Last night when we took him out of the room he was intoxicated. When I left him on the bed I left his brother with him. He was alive when I left him. He had then a silk handkerchief on him. He was placed as near as possible on his left side, his head lying on the pillow. He had no military coat, but merely a slight jacket on him. It was between the hours of 12 and 1 this morning. He appeared to be insensible when taken to bed. His position is slightly altered since I left him. I think he was previously in a good state of health - I mean yesterday.

John Shanaghan, sworn, saith - I am Drum Major of the 58th Regiment. Deceased was my brother. About half-past twelve this morning Colour-Sergeant Clifton asked me to assist him to carry deceased to his room. I went, and he appeared to be sitting sleeping, and with Sergeant Clifton's assistance, I conveyed and laid him on the bed in the band room. We placed him almost on his back, but a little on his left side. He was insensible. The room was in a state of darkness at the time. I left him, in the charge of no one, immediately after raising his head on the pillow. When I took him from the mess room, I considered he was under the influence of liquor. I am aware that he has latterly been very fond of drink.

Arthur S. Thomson; M. D., sworn, saith - I am surgeon 58th Regt. Deceased has been in hospital twice during the course of the last year, labouring under delirium tremens, the effect of drink. I have made a post mortem examination of the body, and found about four ounces of blood and water effused on the base of the brain, which was the immediate cause of death - and therefore I am certain that he died from apoplexy. There are no external marks of injury about the body

Daniel Davis sworn, saith - I am Corporal of the Band of 58th Regt. I saw deceased last alive last night about twelve o'clock. He was then in a state of intoxication. I went into the band room this morning about four o'clock. I then thought deceased was asleep, when Private Kearns told me that he was stiff. I got out of bed, and finding he was dead, I gave the alarm. Dr. Thomson was sent for, and came immediately. He was turned partly on his right side. His handkerchief was quite tight round his neck, and we removed it; his face and head were on the pillow. He was more on his face than on his back. Deceased was Band Sergeant of the 58th Regt.

Verdict - Died of Apoplexy.

"SUDDEN DEATH", The Southern Cross (6 January 1849), 2 

[News], Colonial Times (13 February 1849), 2

Band-Sergeant James Shanaghan, 58th Regt., who died suddenly, and upon whom a coroner's inquest was held, returning a verdict of "Died of Apoplexy," was not only refused the rights of Christian burial by the Roman Catholic church, of which he was a member, but his remains were sternly forbid to repose by those of his departed child, his coffin being consigned to the dishonored mould reserved for suicides. The funeral ceremony may be characterised as an almost unparalleled one, seeing that a regimental officer, Captain Thompson, in a Roman Catholic graveyard, read the ritual of the Protestant Church of England over the corpse of a member of the Church of Rome. He was buried with military honours.

"NEW ZEALAND", The Courier (14 February 1849), 4

James Shanaghan, late band-sergeant of the 58th Regiment, had died under circumstances which led to a coroner's investigation ; the jury returned a verdict of "died from apoplexy," thus removing the remotest suspicion of felo de se. He was interred with the accustomed military honours. The funeral of this man was marked by an incident not easily forgotten. His body was denied the rights of Christian sepulture by the Roman Catholic Church, of which he was a member; his remains being sternly forbid to repose by those of his departed child, and his coffin consigned to the dishonoured mould reserved for the suicide. The ritual of the Protestant Church of England was read over a member of the Church of Rome by a regimental officer in a Roman Catholic graveyard.

"PROVINCIAL COUNCIL. TUESDAY, MARCH 3rd, 1863. PETITION", New Zealander (4 March 1863), 3 

Mr. King presented a petition from John Shanaghan, formerly a Serjeant in the 58th regiment, praying for land on account of his services in the northern war. Petition received.

"DEATHS", New Zealand Herald (24 June 1895), 1 

SHANAGHAN. - June 32, at his residence, Randolph street, Newton, Patrick, the beloved husband of Margaret Shanaghan, formerly Drum-Major of the 58th Regiment, and Bandmaster of the late Naval Drum and Fife Band, aged 72 years. R. I. P. The funeral will leave deceased's late residence for Symonds-street tomorrow (Tuesday), at 3 p.m. Friends please accept this intimation.

[News], New Zealand Herald (24 June 1895), 5 

A very old identity died somewhat suddenly at his residence, Randolph-street, Newton, namely Drum-major Shanaghan, late of the 58th Regiment. Deceased had been suffering from bronchitis, and was 72 at the time of his death. He took his discharge from the regiment on its departure for Home. He was for many years bandmaster of the late Naval Drum and Fife Band, which he founded. There are very few of the Old Black Cuffs now left.

[Unidentified press cutting, June 1895]

The death is announced of Mr. John Patrick Shanaghan, an old soldier and colonist. He was born in Northampton, England, in 1823, and joined H.M. 58th Regiment in 1836, coming out to New South Wales in 1844, and to New Zealand in April, 1845, under the command of Major Bridge. He served all through the Northern War of 1845-6, at the engagements with Hone Heke at Okaihau, Oheawal and Ruapekapeka. In 1850 he retired from the 58th, for the purpose of settling in the colony. In 1863, when the Waikato War broke out, he was appointed Quartermaster of the 4th Waikato Regiment, and served throughout the war. Subsequently he settled in Waikato, but the climate being too severe, he came back to Auckland, and joined the volunteers during his residence here. He was bandmaster of the old Naval Drum and Fife Band, until he was unable to perform the duties through ill health. He leaves a widow.

"SUPREME COURT . . . PROBATE", New Zealand Herald (10 July 1895), 3 

Probate was granted on the motion of Mr. Nicholson to the executor in the will of John Patrick Shanaghan, deceased.

Bibliography and resources:

On John's son, James Shanaghan (1847-1923):

Thomas Wayth Gudgeon, The defenders of New Zealand; being a short biography of colonists who distinguished themselves in upholding Her Majesty's supremacy in these islands (Auckland: H. Brett, 1887), 439-40 

"DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR", The cyclopedia of New Zealand (Wellington: The Cyclopedia Company, Limited, 1897) [Wellington Provincial District] 

Mr. James Shanaghan, Inspector of Factories for the North and Middle Islands of the Colony of New Zealand, is a son of the late J. P. Shanaghan, who came to the Colony in the early forties as Drum Major in the 58th Regiment, and served in Hone Heke's war at the Bay of Islands, and afterwards throughout the Waikato campaign. Born in the Northern City in 1847, Mr. James Shanaghan went with his parents to Australia when but five years old, and there he was educated, returning to New Zealand in 1864 to settle in the Waikato. On the Thames being declared a goldfield, he was on the field within four days of its opening, and took part in the labour of the pioneer prospectors . . .


Violinist, dancing master, vocalist, banjo player

Arrived ? Sydney, NSW, 1842
Died Waterloo, NSW, June 1878

SHAPTER, William

Musician, bandmaster

Born Devonshire, England, ? 1840/41
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 26 May 1910, aged 69


Piccolo player

Died Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1910, aged 69

SHAPTER, Lizzie (Mrs. Edward McLean)


Active by 1874


? "ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (11 July 1842), 2

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Maitland Mercury (13 September 1848), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 September 1850), 1

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (21 September 1850), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (5 February 1874), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1878), 16

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1878), 5

"AMUSEMENTS", The Advertiser (12 January 1893), 6

"LONG SERVICE MEDALS", Evening News (1 October 1902), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1910), 6

"WILLIAM SHAPTER", Freeman's Journal (16 June 1910), 23

The death of Mr. William Shapter, a well-known resident of Surry Hills, took place on Friday, May 28th last, at the age of 69 years, after a somewhat long and painful illness. Deceased was a native of Devonshire, England, and came to Australia when he was a boy, and settled in Sydney. For the past 44 years Mr. Shapter resided in Surry Hills, where he was held in the highest esteem. For fifty years he was connected with the volunteer force of this State, and was also a prominent figure in musical circles. Being a musician of much ability, his services were much in request, and he was from his youth connected with a number of military and other bands, and for years Shapter's String Band was a house hold term among the dancing portion of the community.

Thanks: To Louise Reynolds for information about the Shapter family.

SHARP, Mr. (? = John SHARPE below)

Clarinettist, clarionet player (Sydney theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY ... The Lessees have succeeded in engaging all the first-rate Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen - Leader of the Band, Mr. Clarke; Violins, Messrs. Spyers, Johnson, Dyer, and Scott; principal Flute, Mr. Stubbs; Violincello and Grand Piano Forte, Mr. Cavendish; Clarionets, Messrs. Turner and Sharp; Bassoons, Messrs. Hoare and Ball; Bugle, Mr. Pappin; Drums, Mr. Vaughan ... The Musical Department will be considerably improved, and under the direction of Mr. Cavendish.

SHARP, Cecil James (Cecil SHARP; Cecil James SHARP)

Musician, folk-music collector, composer

Born Camberwell, England, 22 November 1859
Arrived Adelaide, 27 November 1882 (per Potosi, from London and Plymouth via Melbourne)
Departed Adelaide, SA, early 1892 (for London)
Died London, England, 23 June 1924 (NLA persistent identifier)



"ARRIVAL OF THE POTOSI IN MELBOURNE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (25 November 1882), 10

"TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (22 December 1882), 6

Sir - As a new comer and a lover of music, will you permit me to endorse the opinions expressed in your leader of the 12th inst. Although I am a resident of only a few weeks' standing, and therefore feel much diffidence in expressing any decided opinion, I have already noticed that whilst what you have said as regards the want of a first-class master may be perfectly true, there is nevertheless no lack of that class of musician which I may term the "professional amateur" - a class who only require a competent man at their head to render them a very serviceable body of performers ... I see no reason why, with the material at present to hand, and with that which a thoroughly able man would speedily manufacture, South Australia should not be able to present to the colony at the time of the approaching Exhibition a programme which would compare favourably with the one recently published for performance next week at Melbourne. Apologising for thus encroaching on your space - I am, Sir, &c., CECIL J. SHARP. St. Barnabas College, North Adelaide.

"MENDELSSOHN'S ST. PAUL", South Australian Register (28 July 1884), 6

"ADELAIDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (23 July 1886), 6

... The Chickering piano, which has been purchased by the City Council, was utilized in one or two numbers at the hands of Mr. Cecil Sharpe, a musician whose return to the colony will be welcomed by all who appreciate a true musicianly spirit, such as characterized that gentleman's connection with the Cathedral Choral Society ...

"MISS CARANDINI'S MATINEE CONCERT", South Australian Register (28 July 1886), 7

... Mr. Everard was hardly in such good voice as he has been heard previously, yet he gave a creditable rendering of a song, "Bright Fedalma," composed expressly for him by Mr. Cecil Sharp. The song is one requiring not only a good voice but considerable skill for its execution.

"GOVERNMENT HOUSE AT HOME", The Advertiser (13 August 1890), 5

... After a brief interval a light operatto [sic], "Dimple's Lovers," was staged, the music for which was written by Mr. Cecil Sharp, and the libretto by Mr. Guy Boothby. The piece consists of one act, and is humorous and almost farcical in character. It is worked out in the easiest style of Gilbert & Sullivan, bearing some resemblance to the well-known "Box and Cox." There are four characters, with no chorus ...

"ALBERT HALL. DIMPLE'S LOVERS", South Australian Register (10 September 1890), 7

"THEATRE ROYAL. SYLVIA", South Australian Register (4 December 1890), 3

To-night will witness a special event in the annals of South Australian music, namely, the first production of "Sylvia," a new comic opera written by Mr. Guy Boothby, and music composed by Mr. Cecil Sharp, both of this city. The cast comprises some well-known local musical talent of Adelaide, ably supported by a powerful chorus of trained voices and an efficient orchestra of thirty performers ...

"The Week", South Australian Chronicle (28 March 1891), 12

"OUR ANGLO-COLONIAL LETTER", The Advertiser (22 March 1892), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Sue Tronser, "Sharp, Cecil James (1859-1924)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Maud Karpeles, Cecil Sharp: his life and work (1967; Faber reprint, 2012) (PREVIEW)


Banjo player, banjoist

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SHARP, William

Musician, music retailer

Born ? Kent, England, c.1808/10
Arrived Launceston, TAS, c.1853
Died Launceston, TAS, 27 January 1875, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"TASMANIA", Bendigo Advertiser (28 January 1875), 2

"MISCELLANEA", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1875), 4

We sincerely regret to record the death of Mr. William Sharp, the well-known and respected musician of Cameron-street. Mr. Sharp appeared to be in his ordinary robust state of health on the 27th January, and industriously at work during the day tuning instruments and attending to his garden, but during the night he was attacked with apoplexy, and expired in a very short time. Mr. Sharp was a native of Kent, who emigrated to this colony about 20 years ago, with the late Mrs. Sharp, their son Mr. T. Sharp, and Miss Sharp, who, for the benefit of her health, resides at Sydney - the climate there suiting her constitution best - and she recently paid her annual visit to her father. Being a shrewd, intelligent man, a good musician, of active industrious habits, a skilled gardener and florist, he soon acquired a competency and built the fine block of houses known as Sharp's Buildings in Cameron-street, where he resided and had his musical emporium. His first wife died about six or seven years ago, and be married again the present Mrs. Sharp, whom he leaves with two fine children. Mr. Sharp was an enthusiastic florist and importer of some of the finest species of flowers exhibited at the shows of the Northern Horticultural Society, of which he was a leading member. For eighteen years he had been a member of the choir of St. John's Church (Mr. T. Sharp being the organist), and he attended morning and evening service, as usual, on the 24th January. He was a hale, healthy-looking man of robust appearance; apparently full of life and vigor when thus suddenly cut down by a stroke of apoplexy at the age of 65 years. His funeral, which took place on the 29th January, was very largely attended.



SHARP, Thomas

Professor of Music, organist, violinist, conductor

Born Kent, England, ? 1834
Arrived Launceston, TAS, c.1853
Died at sea, 2 January 1912, in his 78th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SHARP, William Thomas

Organist, musician

Born Launceston, TAS, 1864

Summary: (STUB)

William's son Thomas is on record as having composed "some fine chants", sung during the choral services at St. John's on 24 August 1862. At Farquharson's farewell concert in 1863, it was advertised that "Miss Sharpe and Mr. Thos. Sharpe will perform a grand duo concertante for piano and violin, Miss Sharp using Collard and Collard's splendid toned grand piano-forte." Thomas appears to have left the district by 1872. He advertised in Sydney as a Professor of Organ, Harmonium, Pianoforte, Violin &c." in July 1875, and in 1877 as organist of St. Philip's Church Hill. He was a "professor of music" at Stanmore, NSW, in 1885. At the time of his death in 1912, at least two of his sons were practising musicians.


"LAUNCESTON SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (4 July 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (4 January 1859), 1

"SUPREME COURT, LAUNCESTON", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 January 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (11 May 1861), 6

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (23 May 1862), 2

"THE LAUNCESTON MUSICAL UNION", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 June 1862), 4

"RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE: CHURCH OF ENGLAND", Launceston Examiner (23 September 1862), 4

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 May 1863), 5

"LAUNCESTON HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 July 1863), 4

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. R. SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (22 October 1863), 6

"STREET MUSIC. To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (10 December 1864), 3

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1873), 2

"THE CONCERT TO MR. SHARP", Launceston Examiner (15 April 1875), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1875), 7

"REPETITION OF THE MESSIAH", Launceston Examiner (4 January 1877), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1877), 9

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (25 August 1883), 2s

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1885), 1

"REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

"MUSIC IN OLD LAUNCESTON", Daily Telegraph (22 January 1903), 4

"DEATH AT SEA", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1912), 11

"OBITUARY", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (9 January 1912), 2

"A DEPARTED ORGANIST", Evening News (13 January 1912), 13

"PERSONAL", Barrier Miner (17 January 1912), 2

"DEATHS", Examiner (20 January 1912), 1

"DEATHS", Examiner (14 December 1916), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 382-84

SHARPE, Frederick

Musician (theatrical orchestra, Royal Victoria Theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860


"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT. MONDAY, 13TH FEBRUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1860), 2 

. . . Frederick Sharpe, a musician, went to the theatre to play on the 26th November; heard a noise at the back entrance, and Samuel Colville, Neale, and Croft come from that direction . . .

SHARPE, John (? = Mr. SHARP above)

Teacher of music, bandmaster (former band sergeant, 31st Regiment)

Born York, England, 1798
Died Bathurst, NSW, 1 September 1846, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BATHURST", The Sydney Herald (2 June 1842), 3 

A ball was given last evening, by our respected townsman Mr. R. Cousins, and attended by a select number of friends. Dancing was kept up until a late hour. Webb and Sharpe's band was in attendance.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1846), 2

At the residence of Mr. William Gray, Howick-street, Bathurst, on the 1st instant, aged 48 years, Mr. John Sharpe, formerly Band Sergeant to the 31st Regiment of Foot. He was one of the survivors of a detachment of that regiment who were embarked for the East Indies in that ill-fated vessel the Kent, East Indiaman, which was accidentally burnt in the Bay of Biscay, in March, 1825; a great number of the crew and military were fortunately saved by the praiseworthy exertions of the captain and crew of the brig Cambria, bound to South America with a body of miners, and returned to Falmouth, landed all safe, and then proceeded on her voyage. Mr. Sharpe joined the army very young, and served in the Peninsular campaigns, in the East and and West Indies, and several other parts of the world, until he was sent home to be invalided; he was entitled to a pension, which he had commuted under the then existing regulations, and emigrated to this colony, where he adopted the profession of a teacher of music, which occupation he carried on in the town of Bathurst and its neighbourhood for several years, with advantage to his pupils and credit to himself. He was a man of strict integrity, and unassuming in his manner, and possessed a fund of anecdote which was both instructive and amusing. He was born in the 58th regiment, at York, in 1798; and died much regretted by a very numerous and respectable class of residents in this township.

SHARPE, Robert

Professor of music, organist, pianist, composer, musicseller

Born Denby, near Derby, England; baptised 14 May 1841
Arrived Melbrourne, VIC, July 1859 (per Red Jacket, from England)
Arrived Launceston, TAS, 1 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from Melbourne)
Departed Launceston, TAS, 24 October 1863 (per City of Launceston, for Melbourne, then for England)
Died Southampton, England, 4 December 1921, aged 80 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Son of John Hawley Sharpe, book-keeper, of Denby, Berbyshire, and his wife Hannah, Robert Sharp was probably only 18 or 19 years old on his arrival in Launceston.

Many decades later, Thomas Sharp referred to his young musical colleague Robert Sharpe as a "namesake", though the difference in spelling their surname notwithstanding, he might possibly have been a relative. Coming to Launceston about 6 years later than the Sharps, Robert had "just arrived from England" when he advertised that he would teach the Organ, Harmonium and Pianoforte in Launceston in August 1859. He also offered to show his "large assortment of classical music, containing the most admired works of the great masters, Oratorio, Psalmody, and a varied selection of dance and other music".

At his second concert of the year 1860, in August, he included two works of his own, a ballad Fare thee well, and a Volunteer song, "a stirring composition with a cornet obligato; the words by Carpenter". One listener thought that the air of the latter bore too striking a resemblance to that of Oh give me back my Arab steed to rate as entirely original, and wrote accordingly to the Examiner, which in turn printed another letter in Sharpe's defence.

Sharpe's Volunteer song is one of the very rare Australian compositions of the entire early colonial period on record as having been performed in Britain, at a concert by the band of the 1st Battalion of Derbyshire Volunteers, at Belper in February 1862, when it was considered an "attractive feature in the programme". Sharpe himself would soon follow his music "home"; having been in the insolvent court in July 1862, he left to return to England late the following year.


"Shipping Intelligence: ENTERED INWARDS", Launceston Examiner (2 August 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (3 August 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (16 August 1859), 1

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (18 August 1859), 3

Mr. Robert Sharpe, who arrived lately from England, has opened a music repository in Brisbane-street, opposite the Quadrant. We have had the pleasure of hearing Mr. Sharpe perform on the harmonium and piano forte, and consider that he will prove a valuable addition to the musical talent of the colony. Combined with a brilliant execution, Mr. Sharpe has that correct taste and theoretical knowledge, without which no person can fully give effect to or appreciate the works of the great masters of harmony.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 December 1859), 4

"THE CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (31 May 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 July 1860), 2

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 August 1860), 4

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE ORGAN FUND", Launceston Examiner (30 August 1860), 3

"NEW VOLUNTEER'S SONG. [To the] EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (6 September 1860), 3

"THE NEW VOLUNTEER SONG: [To the] EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (8 September 1860), 3

"VOLUNTEER SONG", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1862), 5

"THE LAUNCESTON MUSICAL UNION", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 June 1862), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (10 July 1862), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 May 1863), 5

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. R. SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (22 October 1863), 6

"VOLUNTEER SONG", Launceston Examiner (26 May 1864), 5

"VOLUNTEER SONG: To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (28 May 1864), 4

"CHORAL SERVICE AT ALL SAINTS CHURCH" [from Hampshire Independent, May 12], Launceston Examiner (20 July 1866), 2 

"A CORRESPONDENT writing to us from Hobart Town ...", The Musical Times (1 January 1873), 724 

... The quartering of troops in the Colony has had the effect of leaving us many excellent instrumentalists, who formerly belonged to the regimental bands; and their assistance to our musical societies, and in bringing on pupils to supply their places, is of great service. Then, again, we have had professors of very great experience resident in the Colony. In the northern part of the island, Mr. John Adams (a pupil of Sir George Elvey), Mr. Robert Sharpe, now at Southampton; and in the south (Hobart Town) Mr. C. S. Packer, the late Mr. F. A. Packer, both Royal Academicians, Mr. Buddee, a very fine pianist, several excellent violinists, &c.

"MR. ROBERT SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (2 August 1880), 3

Many of our readers will remember Mr. Robert Sharpe, who was once a resident of this town, and whose skill as an organist and whose genial manners secured for him many admirers and attached friends. On returning to his native country Mr. Sharpe was appointed organist of All Saints Church, Southampton, which post he filled for upwards of fifteen years. In May last he resigned the office ...

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Mercury (10 January 1883), 3 

Robert Sharpe, formerly of Launceston, Tasmania, recently gave a most successful concert at Southampton, where he has been settled for many years.

1891 England census, Hampshire, Southampton, All Saints

3 Carlton Road / Robert Sharpe / 49 / Professor of Music / [where born] Derby near Derby / .... Sarah Jessie Sharpe / Wife ...

"MUSIC IN OLD LAUNCESTON", Daily Telegraph (22 January 1903), 4 

"GOLDEN WEDDING AT SOUTHAMPTON. MR. R. SHARPE'S REMINISCENCES", Hampshire Advertiser [England] (10 November 1917), 3

... Sixty-one years organist, fifty of those years spent as a choirmaster in Southampton, Mr. Sharpe has naturally built a rich store of memories. A native of Derby, his debut as an organist was made far back 1856 in the little village church of Denby, just outside the county town. Then followed several eventful years spent in Tasmania, where he held a similar position in various churches, subsequently returning to England, and in 1864 he came to Southampton, when was appointed organist of St. James', Shirley, a post he held for twelve months. Easter, 1865, saw him installed as organist of All Saints' Church, a position he held for fifteen years under the late Rev. Arthur Bradley (a brother the late Dean Westminster). For a year after this he was organist of St. Laurence, under the Rectorship of the Rev. H. Pereira, now Bishop of Croydon ... In 1880 Mr. Sharpe became organist and choirmaster at St. Mary's, and then began a long association with the parish church which was destined to last for thirty-five years, until his retirement in July, 1915 ...

"DEATHS", Hampshire Advertiser [England] (10 December 1921), 6

SHARPE. - On December 4th, 1921. Robert Sharpe, for 54 years the devoted husband of Jessie Sharpe, passed to his rest at 3, Carlton-road, Southampton, in his 81st year.

Bibliography and resources:

Skinner 2011, 306-07

Robert Sharpe {Launceston 1859-63} arrived from England via Melbourne on 1 August 1859 to set up a music repository and teaching practice, and at his second concert in August 1860, included two works of his own on the program, a ballad Fare thee well, and the second, yet another Volunteer Song, "a stirring composition with a cornet obligato; the words by Carpenter". One listener thought that the air of the latter bore too striking a resemblance to that of Oh give me back my Arab Steed to rate as entirely original, and wrote accordingly to the Examiner, which in turn printed another letter in Sharpe's defence. Sharpe's Volunteer Song is one of the very rare Australian compositions of the entire early colonial period on record as having been performed in Britain, at a concert by the band of the 1st Battalion of Derbyshire Volunteers, at Belper in February 1862, when it was considered an "attractive feature in the programme". Unfortunately, Sharpe himself would soon follow his [307] music "home"; having been in the insolvent court in July 1862, he left to return to England late the following year.

SHAW, Mrs.

Pianist, vocalist



Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (2 August 1854), 1 

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1854), 5 

A grand musical entertainment was given on the evening of yesterday, at the School of Arts, by Mr. Paxton, on the Songs of Scotland. The programme contained many popular Scottish songs, which were sung with much effect. The vocal efforts of Mr. Brenni, in his Ethiopean melodies and inimitable performance on the banjo, were crowned with immense success. He was repeatedly encored during the evening. The performance of Mrs. Shaw on the pianoforte, is also deserving of praise. The expectations of the very numerous and highly respectable assembly were undoubtedly fully realized, if not surpassed.

"SCHOOL OF ARTS. SCOTCH AND IRISH BALLADS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1854), 5 

Mr. McFarlane gave a very interesting and agreeable entertainment at the School of Arts last night, in which, aided by Mrs. Shaw and Mr. Wilkinson, a number of Scotch and Irish melodies were sung to the evident delight of a numerous and respectable audience. Mrs. Shaw presided at the pianoforte, and was warmly applauded for her performance of the overture to" "Fra Diavolo." She also warbled "The glow worm and star" in a very agreeable style ...

SHAW, James (James SHAW)

Comic vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC], (9 December 1854), 8 

CREMORNE GARDENS. - Grand Gala and Nocturnal Fete. To-night, Saturday, entire change of Entertainments. Engagement of the Celebrated Herr Veit Rahm, the Tyrolese Singer and performer on the New Instrument, the Zither, in his national costume, as performed before Her Majesty, Mr. J. O. Pierce, the Renowned soloist on the Concertino and Flutina, will also have the honor of appearing, Mr. James Shaw, the admired Comic Vocalist, from the Theatre Royal, Liverpool, is also engaged . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Veit Rahm (zither); John Ottis Pierce (musician)

SHEA, Sally

Irish singer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1827


"Police Reports", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1827), 3

"Police Reports", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 September 1827), 3

Patrick Carey and Miss Sally Shea, made their debut at the bar, the one for making too free with Sally, the assigned servant of his master, whose property, too, Patrick was charged with having appropriated to his own and the said Sally's use. It appeared in evidence that the parties, on the morning of Sunday last, on the pretence of going to Church, had dropped anchor in a house of ill fame on the Rocks, where gin and jolity, of rather a base description, however, were retailed in exact proportion to the quantity of dumps that could be produced. There the parties had taken up their abode for that and the following day, to the great uneasiness and disappointment of their master and mistress, who had sent to every watch-house in town, in expectation of discovering the fugitives, but to no purpose. Little Barney, however, the son of the complainant, happening to pass the domicile which contained the parties, heard Sally ejaculating a well-known Hibernian song with great fervour, which sustained no interruption, excepting that of an occasional hiccup from the singer. The boy, instantly on recognizing Sally's voice, bolted off to give the information to his father, who procured two constables for the purpose of accompanying him to the temple in which the slut Sally, and another of her stamp, were amusing their Adonises with several delectable specimens of choral harmony. The party had no sooner approached the dwelling than they heard Sally warbling the following lines:--- "All the sweet faces at Limerick races, From Mullinarat to Maghera-fell, At Paddy's beautiful name would melt." But the fair songstress was immediately interrupted by the unwelcome appearance of her master and the constable. The prisoners were respectively searched, and a   large crooked brass pin was found on the person of Sally, which was produced in Court, and sworn to by her master as being his property. The prisoner Carey declared that he had picked it up on the floor, and gave it to Sally, thinking there was no gr at harm in so doing, but their Worships thought otherwise, and sentenced the said Patrick 6 months to a road-gang, and Sally for the same period to the 3d class in the Factory.


Actor, vocalist

Born Kent, England, c. 1830
Active VIC, 1850s
Died Pleasant Creek, VIC, 25 July 1858, aged 28/29


"MOUNT BLACKWOOD (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Tuesday, September 11, 1855", The Age (20 September 1855), 6 

. . . Messrs. Reynolds, Shearcroft and company are about giving an entertainment here . . . Mr. Thatcher is announced to appear on Thursday.

"DIED", The Star (29 July 1858), 2 

On Sunday last, 25th July, 1858, at Pleasant Creek, Mr E. W. Shearcroft, Tragedian, late member of the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, Ballarat and Geelong, aged 28 years.


Amateur flute player, carpenter

Active Launceston, TAS, 1838


"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 April 1838), 1 Supplement 

A carpenter named Sheen was charged with stealing a flute and a music book, the property of James Wainwright. A charge more malicious or unfounded could not possibly be imagined, Sheen producing a regular receipt for the articles, under the hand of the person from whom he purchased them. The bench severely reprobated the conduct of Wainwright in this affair, and the flute was ordered to be given up to the rightful owner, together with the book.


Gentleman amateur musician

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 April 1827


[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (26 December 1829), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (9 January 1830), 2

[Preparing to emigrate] ... Mr. Shelly found he had about £1,400 in cash. He immediately expended about half this sum in purchasing personal necessaries, conveniences, and comforts, suitable to his habits as a Gentleman; such as a two-years' stock of clothes, a liberal supply of linen, together with plate, books, mathematical instruments, expensive fowling pieces &c., drawing materials &c., music and musical instruments &c. The guns alone cost £40. And the music cost him £35. After paying his passage to the Colony and the incidental expenses of the voyage, Mr. Shelly found on his arrival here, that he had property which he considered valuable as capital, if necessity required ...

[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (11 January 1830), 2

SHELLEY, William

Singing leader (Parramatta church)

Active Parramatta and Toongabbie, NSW, 1799-1800 (NLA persistent identifier)


Letter, William Henry to London Missionary Society, 29 August 1799, BT Box 49, pages 117-18; Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales (transcr. Jordan)

We had excellent singing and there were about a dozen of Soldiers (including Corporal & Sergeant) from Parramatta Barracks to hear, among whom were five or six who Sung every other Sabbath at Parramatta Church. They say they will attend our Worship every other Sabbath at Toongabbie to Sing.


Jordan 2012, 194, 195

Jordan notes that, at Parramatta in April 1800, two nights a week were set-aside for choir practice, William Shelley taking on the responsibility of leading the singers (Letter, Rowland Hassall to London Missionary Society, 22 April 1800, BT Box 49, page 137)

SHERAR, George

Musician, bagpipes player, music retailer, musical instrument maker

Born Scotland, 1809/10
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 May 1833 (per Betsy, from Leith, Scotland)
Died Sydney, NSW, 4 May 1887, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SHERAR, George John

Musician, bagpipes player

Born Sydney, NSW, 1845
Died Redfern, NSW, 22 March 1900, "aged 60"


"LIST OF CITIZENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1842), 4

"To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1844), 2

Gentlemen, In the Morning Chronicle of the 25th instant, appeared a letter signed M. D'Arcy, in which language of the foulest description is made use of towards you for giving a true account of an assault made upon me on the 14th. . . .

On the evening in question, I left home at the request of a few friends, with the intention of proceeding to the theatre, and, on our way thither, we call in at Sims's, the "Currency Lass." Whilst there, I was desired by an Irishman and a Catholic, who happened to be in company with us, to play the tune of the "Boyne Water," to which I objected, saying that I had once had my head broken for so doing. He replied "Oh, nonsense, there is no such party feeling at present," and in consequence of his repeated solicitations I was induced eventually to play this tune, which appears to have nothing but discordant sounds to the sensitive Mr. D'Arcy. Now, I solemnly aver that this was the only time I played the same tune that evening. But the assault was not committed then. We went afterwards to the "Star and Garter," where I played the well-known tune of "Sich a getting up stairs," which, I trust, could not be offensive even to Mr. D'Arcy himself. But I was not struck whilst playing any tune whatever. At the time the brick was hurled at me in so cowardly a manner, I was lighting my pipe, and I had not the most remote idea of having given offence to any one. As to the tune itself, I would beg to say that it is an old favourite Scottish air, known as "The bonny House of Airlie," composed, I believe, during the reign of James the Fourth of Scotland, consequently long before the battle of the Boyne took place.

I distincly state, that I am not aware ever to have been actuated by that "fell spirit" of party, which would prompt me to insult any man whatever, let his principles be what they might; on the contrary, I have endeavoured to live so as to gain the esteem of all who know me, and I am proud to say that hitherto may labour has not been in vain.
I am, Gentlemen, Your most obedient servant
Cumberland-street, Dec. 26.


"DEATH ON THE RAILWAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1887), 8

"HIGHLAND SPORTS", Evening News (1 January 1900), 5 

... judge of dancing, Mr. D. Houston; judge of piping, Captain K. M'Kenzie; master of ceremonies, dancing - Mr. A. M'Kie, piping - Mr. G. J. Sherar ...


Bagpipes (2 sets), goatskin / wood / whale teeth, made by George Sherar, Sydney, 1840 and 1850; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Bagpipes, goat skin / wood / whale teeth, made by George Sherar, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Bibliography and resources:

Belina Nemec, "Highlights from the Powerhouse Museum: some early Australian bagpipes", Journal of the Australian Association of Musical Instrument Makers (March 1995), 7-11

"George Sherar", Bagpipe Musuem 

In 1840 and 1850 George Sherar made two sets of Highland bagpipes the first set was made of Lignum-Vitae mounted with whale teeth ivory. The second set was made of tulip wood mounted with whale teeth ivory. The pipe bags on both sets were made of tanned goat skin. After the 1840 set was made, the Scottish chieftain who was in Sydney around 1841 wished to purchase them to take them to Scotland as the first bagpipes made in Australia. George declined the offer. The 1850 set of bagpipes which were made of colonial material were sent to England to be exhibited at the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London at the Great Exhibition of 1851, where they were displayed and received an honorable mention. His bagpipes were played by the queen's piper, William Ross. They were later returned to Australia with a bronze medal, certificate of Honorable mention and a copy of the Jurors report.


SHERWIN, Sarah Elizabeth (Mrs. James BARCLAY)


Born Bothwell, VDL (TAS), 22 June 1844
Married James BARCLAY, Launceston, TAS, 9 April 1874
Died Lauceston, 6 October 1921, aged 77



Born Spring Bay, VDL (TAS), 18 December 1848
Married Nathaniel Henry PROPSTING, Hobart, TAS, 31 August 1871
Died Huon, TAS, 4 October 1926

SHERWIN, Amy (Frances Amy Lillian SHERWIN; Mrs. Hugo GORLITZ; Madame Amy SHERWIN)

Musician, soprano vocalist

Born Huonville, TAS, 23 March 1855
Married Hugo GORLITZ, Dunedin, NZ, 12 December 1878
Died Bromley, Kent, England, 20 September 1935 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)

SHERWIN, Arthur (George Arthur SHERWIN)

Baritone vocalist, pianist (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"TOWN HALL OPENING MUSICAL FESTIVAL", Tasmanian Morning Herald (1 October 1866), 4 


"ISRAEL IN EGYPT", The Tasmanian Times (20 August 1867), 3 

... The duet for two sopranos, "The Lord is my strength" was rendered by the Misses Sherwin with extraordinary accuracy, and with great sweetness. Their time and harmony were all that could be desired. We wish those young ladies could only be induced to take the same pains with the dramatic elocution, as they most conscientiously bestow upon the scientific vocalisation, of the parts they undertake on these occasions. But their admirable singing too often fails of its full and proper effect from the want of animation which pervades their enunciation of the words ...

[Advertisement], The Mercury (15 November 1867), 1 

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Tasmanian Times (20 November 1868), 2 

Several solo songs by the Misses Sherwin were very exquisitely given, and encored. Two chorusses from Maritana were very well performed.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (1 July 1869), 1

MUSICAL. MISS SHERWIN is desirous of obtaining a limited number of Pupils for instruction in the Pianoforte. Terms upon application. 21, Williamson-street, Hobart Town.

"THE TOWN HALL ORGAN. GRAND OPENING CONCERT", The Mercury (18 March 1870), 3 

... A song by Miss Lucy Sherwin, " The Maid of Judah," followed, and, but for a little tremulousness in the voice caused by timidity would have been faultlessly executed. A solo on the organ, "Offertoire in F," played by Mr. J. E. Packer, was succeeded by a solo regarded by many as the gem of the evening. We refer to the song with a semi-chorus of one voice to each part, "Et Inflammatus," rendered by Miss S. Sherwin. This young lady's beautiful contralto voice rang out clear and distinct, and she received a perfect ovation when the piece was finished. Miss Oldham next sang "O rest in the Lord," an air selected from the oratorio Elijah, after which the quartette "Honor and Glory," from Naaman, in which the Misses S. and L. Sherwin, Mr. Henry Hunter, and Mr. F. Packer took part, was rendered. A quintette, "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel," came next, and the Misses S. and L. Sherwin, and Messrs. Hunter, Cox, and W. H. Smith may be congratulated upon the success which attended their efforts, for although the piece was an exceedingly difficult one, not a single hitch occurred to mar the rendering ... Next followed the duet, "Quis est homo," by the Misses Sherwin, who gave it with great sweetness and expression ... Miss S. Sherwin when called upon for the song next set down on the programme for her, was accorded an enthusiastic reception, her former efforts having installed her in the good graces of the audience. "The Legend of the Crossbill," composed by Mr. F. Packer, is a very simple, but exceedingly pretty piece of music, and received full justice at the hands of Miss S. Sherwin. Mr. Packer played an accompaniment on the flute and piccolo stops of the organ ...


"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (5 October 1872), 5

... This is the first appearance of these ladies in Launceston, though their reputation as singers of the first order had preceded their arrival. Miss Sherwin is possessed of a deep, rich, clear soprano voice, with a considerable range, and is under excellent control-the highest and lowest notes being executed with ease and grace, without the slightest apparent straining. Perhaps, to give honor to whom honor is due, we may state that Miss Sherwin has been for some time a pupil of Mr. A. Alexander. Miss Amy Sherwin has a very sweet voice, of contralto order, which, properly speaking, may be termed a mezzo soprano ...

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1872), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (13 April 1874), 1

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MISS AMY SHERWIN", Launceston Examiner (26 October 1876), 2 


The present season of Opera will always be a marked one in the memories of the musical world of Hobart Town, as having witnessed the débuts of two colonial ladies upon the operatic stage. Of the appearance of Miss Bessie Pitts as "Rosina" we have already written, and we have now to record the unqualified success of Miss Amy Sherwin, who appeared last night, for the first time, as "Norina" in Don Pasquale ...

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 October 1879), 3

"SUMMARY OF NEWS FOR HOME READERS", The Mercury (28 July 1883), 4

"DEATHS", Examiner (7 October 1921), 1

"OBITUARY", Examiner (22 June 1926), 4

... Mr. Barclay in 1814 married Miss Sarah Elizabeth Sherwin, of "Forest Home," Huon, which is one of the original homesteads still standing on the River Huon. Mrs. Barclay, who died in 1921, was a sister of Madame Amy Sherwin, with whom she sang at many amateur concerts in Launceston and elsewhere.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (6 October 1926), 1 

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS Alderman E. J. Rogers A Chat About Old Times", The Mercury (28 August 1929), 5

"Amy Sherwin Dies At 81, Penniless", Rochester Journal [USA] (21 September 1935), 3

BROMLEY, Kent, Eng. Sept. 21. - (AP) - Amy Sherwin, noted operatic soprano, died here today. She was eighty-one. The singer, who once filled the concert halls of America with her golden voice and earned as much as 3,000 pounds sterling yearly, died almost forgotten, lonely and penniless. Living in a fine style had depleted her resources and charges of the nursing home where she died had to be paid by charity.

"TASMANIAN SINGER Madame Amy Sherwin Death in London Noted Prima Donna", The Mercury (23 September 1935), 7

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. Amy Sherwin's Career", The Mercury (24 September 1935), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Deirdre Morris, "Sherwin, Frances Amy Lillian (1855-1935)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SHERWIN, Arthur (? pseudonym)

Boy mezzo-soprano vocalist

Active 1897-99"Master+Arthur+Sherwin"&l-decade=189 

SHERWIN, Eliza (Tasma SHERWIN; Elsa Tasma SHERWIN = Madame Leon CARON)

Soprano vocalist

Born TAS, 1859
Married Leon Caron, (1) ?
Married Leon Caron, (2) 25 January 1894
Died 1932 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SHERWIN, Herbert Henry (alias Herbert Sydney LEICHARDT)

Tenor vocalist, photographer (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"A MATRIMONIAL EPISODE", The Mercury (1 March 1894), 2 

The following extract from the Sun, Melbourne Society paper, may interest some of our Hobart readers -"A theatrical romance reached its culminating point on Thursday, January 25, when M. Leon Caron, the conductor of the Williamson and Musgrove Opera Company, and composer of the 1880 Exhibition Cantata, was married for the second time to Miss Tasma Sherwin. The reason of this second marriage was the supposed illegality of the first contracted in Sydney seven years ago. However, as the alliance was entered upon on the advice of the late Mr. W. B. Dalley, one of the cleverest lawyers Australia has yet produced, its legality would appear to be indisputable. The facts are these. In 1868, when M. Caron was a lad of l8 travelling in America as a violinist, he met and married a lady 27 years older than himself. This lady was already married to a Mr. William Bowles, whom she divorced some mouths after her marriage with M. Caron. Such an ill sorted union could have only one result, and as the years went by the young musician had reason to repent his folly. Still the pair kept together until M. Caron's arrival in Australia, and during his subsequent travels as the conductor of the Montague-Turner, Emelie Melville, and other opera companies. The lady was the first to tire of her spouse, but in view of a possible quarrel was shrewd enough to persuade him to settle all his savings upon her. Thus the proceeds of the 1880 Cantata, and the greater portion of his salary (£20 a week) went to form a comfortable sum for a rainy day. Ten years ago M. Caron met Miss Sherwin and fell in love with her. Some of his Sydney friends, knowing the unusual character of the first marriage advised him to seek legal advice, with the result that the late Mr. W. B. Dalley expressed himself as above stated. On Miss Sherwin's marriage with M. Caron, the first wife threatened an action for bigamy, and proceedings were actually commenced here in Melbourne. For M. Caron's defence it was indispensable that the evidence of Mr. Bowles should be secured, but this gentleman was undiscoverable, owing principally to M. Caron's lack of funds. One agent had been sent to New York, where it was proved that Mr. Bowles had left for France. M. Caron decided to make an allowance of £150 a year, and latterly of £100, paid through Messrs. Madden and Butler, to his first wife until tidings were received of Bowles' whereabouts. Nothing, however, was heard of him till last year, when M. Caron placed the matter in the hands of a confidential agent in Paris, when it was found that Bowles had died in 1891. There the affair ended, M. Caron despaired of ever proving the real facts of the case, and perforce submitted to circumstances. Fate, however, cut the knot by the death of the first wife last December 23, and M. Caron hastened to legalise the Sydney, marriage with Miss Sherwin by a civil marriage at the Registrar-General's office on Thursday, January 25. Mr. H. H. Hayter performed the ceremony, this being the first time he had been called on to administer the marriage law since taking up the duties of Registrar-General. We may add that Mrs. Caron nee Miss Eliza Sherwin (stage name Tasma Sherwin), is no relation to Miss Amy Sherwin, another of Tasmania's gifted singers.

SHERWIN, Walter (alias of John SHICKLE)

Tenor vocalist

Born Norwich, Norfolk, England, 17 April 1828; son of James SHICKLE and Mary
Married Sarah AMOS (1829-1911), St. John's, Lambeth, 27 May 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1856 (per James Baines, from Liverpool, England, 6 April)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1856 (per London, from Melbourne, 28 June)
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW (en route from China to Melbourne), 22 September 1881, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SHERWIN, Frederick John (Frederick John SHICKLE SHERWIN)

Musician, music retailer

Born London, England, 6 November 1856; baptised St. John's, Lambeth, 21 December 1856, son of John SHICKLE and Sarah AMOS
Died Bondi, NSW, 27 March 1917

Walter Sherwin, ? c. 1870; State Library of Victoria (DIGITISED)


Almost nothing is known of John Shickle's musical activities before he arrived in Australia. Describing himself as a "musician", he was living with his mother and sisters, dressmakers, in Soho Square on the night of the 1851 census. At the time of his marriage, the following year, he was a "professor of music" living in Bloomsbury. he appears to have formed an onoing relationship with J. W. Thirlwall and his violinist son William Thirlwall, appearing with them in lecture-concert at Greenwich in 1854, and with Thirlwall senior again in Deptford in 1855.

The first and only time he appears to have gone by the name Walter Sherwin in England was in April 1856 in reports of his emabarkation for Australia.

The Mr. Shickle, of Norwich, who was a tenor singer at the Norwich Festival in 1824, was perhaps his father. Another John Shickle, musician, aged 21, and also originally of Norwich, was recorded in the 1851 census in lodgings at Manchester, perhaps the Shickle who, from 1852, was leader of the band at the Theatre Royal, Manchester.

Sherwin suly arrived in Australia in June 1856 as tenor of a touring operatic party including Julia Harland (soprano), Robert Farquharson (bass), and Linly Norman (pianist and musical director). He was returning to Melbourne from Hong Kong with the Carandinis when he fell ill in Brisbane, and died in Sydney in September 1881.


1851, March 30, English census; Middlesex, St. Anne, Soho; UK archives, HO 107 / 1510 

18 Soho Square / Mary Shickle / Head / 56 / Dressmaker / [born] Norfolk Norwich
Charlotte [Shickle] / Dau. / 23 / [Dressmaker] / [born Norfolk Norwich]
John [Shickle] / Son / 22 / Musician / [born Norfolk Norwich]
Adelaide [Shickle] / Dau. / 20 / Dressmaker / [born Norfolk Norwich]
Frederic [Shickle] / [Son] / 19 / Coachmakers ap. / [born Norfolk Norwich]

1852, marriages solemnized at St. John's Church in the district and parish of St. John Waterloo in the County of Surry; register 1852-54 

[No.] 165 / May 27 1852 / John Shickle bachelor Professor of Music [of] Upper Stamford Street / [son of] James Shickle builder /
Sarah Amos Spinster [daughter of] Edward Amos painter / Married in the Parish Church . . .

[Advertisement], Kentish Mercury (30 September 1854), 4

LECTURE HALL, GREENWICH. MUSIC AT HOME; HOW TO SING WHAT TO SING. Mr. J. W. THIRLWALL BEGS respectfully to announce to the inhabitants of Greenwich and its vicinity that he will give his ENTERTAINMENT at the above Hall, on THURSDAY EVENING, 12th October, 1854, when he will be assisted by the following EMINENT ARTISTES: MTSS THIRLWALL, THE MISSES F. and E. WADE, MR. SHICKLE, MR. SUCHET CHAMPION, Mr. WILLIAM THIRLWALL, (Solo Violin to the London Orchestra) . . .

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Kentish Mercury (13 October 1855), 5

The Committee of the Deptford Literary Institulion have commenced their Autumn session with considerable spirit. Mr. Thirlwell, and the ladies and gentlemen who vocally illustrate his lectures, gave two entertainments on Wednesday and Wednesday week. The first on "The Vocal Music of the present day," and the second "On the Italian Opera," dwith the music from Bellini's Sonnambula. We have said, in our previous notice of the entertainments given by this gentleman, that they are superior any others have heard at Literary Institutions. We do not mean that Miss Thirlwall is quite equal to Jenny Lind, or that Mr. Shickle is quite so accomplished an artist as Mario or Sims Reeves; but the funds our Literary Institutions will not allow them to make engagements with Swedish Nightingales, or the pets of the Italian Opera Houses in all the cities of Europe. This being the state of the case, it is a great advantage to the members of such Institutions that they can have the pleasure hearing such singers Miss Thirlwall, Mr. Shickle, and Mr. Nelgrove . . . Mr. Shickle's clear and sweet tenor voice enabled him to do ample justice to the scena "All is lost now" . . .

"THEATRICAL ARTISTES FOR AUSTRALIA", The morning chronicle (7 April 1856), 3

Mr. J. H. Wilton has engaged a corps of theatrical artistes, who will take their departure for Australia in the ship James Baines, which was expected to sail from Liverpool for Melbourne on Sunday morning. They have been engaged for the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and will be accompanied by Mr. Black, the lessee and builder of that establishment, and by Mr. W. N. Lyons, Mr. Wilton's locum tenens. The artistes already engaged by Mr. Wilton are Miss Fitzpatrick, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, and Mr. Linley Norman, Mddle. d'Antoine, and Mons. Martin. Mr. Wilton is also in treaty for an Australian trip, with Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon, and Miss Cushman, Mr. Charles Matthews having for the present declined Mr. Wilton's offer, on the score of the ill-health of his wife (Madame Vestris.)

Australia (from 27 June 1856):

"THEATRICAL", The Argus (27 June 1856), 5 

By the James Baines the following members of the musical and theatrical professions have arrived: - Miss Julia Harland, soprano; Mr. Walter Sherwin, tenor; and Mr. Robert Farquharson, bass. Mr. Linley Inman has accompanied these artistes as musical director and conductor, and they bring with them a repertory of thirty operas, with dresses and personal appointments complete. Mr. Hoskins, a light comedian of ability, formerly attached to the Sadler's Wells Theatre, also forms part of the troupe, and will proceed forthwith to Sydney, where they are under engagement for the present.


June 27 - James Baines, R.M, ship, 2315 tons, C. McDonald, from Liverpool 6th April . . .

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Age (28 June 1856), 3 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Age (28 June 1856), 2 

JUNE 30. - London (s.), 700 tons, Captain Watts, from Melbourne 28th instant. Passengers . . . Miss Harland, Mrs. Farquharson . . . Messrs. . . . Norman, Hoskins, Sherwin, Farquharson . . .

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1856), 5 

The opera season commenced on the evening of Tuesday last, with Bellini's never-tiring "La Sonnambula." The occasion introduced to the Sydney public the new company who arrived in this colony, per the James Baines. The opera was supported in a manner worthy the patronage of "the lovers of the divine art." The performance being indebted for its success to a combination of talent, rather than to individual display. The musical firmament resembled a galaxy of lesser luminaries, unattended with any "bright particular star." The result of this union caused an evenness and compactness that perhaps has not been so complete and finished on any former representation. The prima donna, Miss Julia Harland, is a lady possessing considerable musical qualifications, and the impression she made as Amina was attended with success, both decided and enthusiastic. She was well supported by Mr. Walter Sherwin, as Elvino; his voice is a rich tenor, of good compass, flexibility, and sweetness. Although in those scenes where he doubts the fidelity of Amina, she sang with expression and feeling, and gave evidence of much study and careful training, he nevertheless lacked somewhat the skill of the dramatic artiste, and would tender the role more effectively by using a greater amount of earnestness and energy in his impersonation. Mr. Farquharson, as the "Count Rodolpho," enlisted the audience entirely in his favour. His voice is a fine basso, and his style artistic and descriptive . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL. OUR LYCEUYM. ENGLISH OPERA", The Argus (1 September 1856), 5 

The Queen's Theatre, re-baptized under the title of "Our Lyceum," opens this evening with an English operatic troupe, under the management of Mr. John Black. The opera selected for the occasion is the "Bride of Lammermoor," and it will be the first time Donizetti's celebrated work has been presented in an English dress to a Victorian audience. Having had the advantage of witnessing a rehearsal we are enabled to give as an opinion that success will be found to be merited by the new arrivals, and we therefore look to see it achieved. Miss Julia Harland, the prima donna, is a daughter of Mr. Henry Wallack, well known to the British and American boards. From the slight opportunity we have had of judging of her professional qualities we are inclined to augur for her a flattering success. We have also a good opinion of the qualifications possessed by Mr. W. Sherwin, the tenor, and hope to see him ere many nights have elapsed a favorite with our Melbourne play-goers. Mr. Farquarson is decidedly an immense acquisition to our corps d'opera, and although Ashton is not a telling part for him, we anticipate a grand treat for the patrons of Our Lyceum this evening from the thoroughly established reputation which this excellent singer has acquired in the mother country, and which has been fully endorsed by our Sydney neighbors. Mr. Gregg and Mrs. Fiddes will, we believe, also appear. The orchestra and chorus have been judiciously selected. The former is under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, with Strebinger for leader, and numbers several of our most popular instrumental performers, including Messrs. King (first violin), Johnson (clarionet), Hartigan (ophecleide), and in addition a Mr. Siche [recte, Siede], a flautist of high reputation in England and Germany, and who has only very recently arrived in the colony. Mr. Hosking, an admirable light comedian, who will be well remembered by the ci-divant patrons of Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood, also makes his debut this evening as Colonel Jack Delaware, a Yankee "patter" part, in the farce of "A Fast Train."

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. John Waterloo [Lambeth], in the year 1856 

[Born] Nov. 6 1856 / [Baptised] Dec'r 21 / Frederick John / [Son of] John & Sarah / Shickle / Gt. Russell Street Bloomsbury / Professor of Music

"THE CARANDINI CONCERT", Daily Southern Cross [NZ] (16 January 1868), 3 

"METROPOLITAN THEATER", Sacramento Daily Union [California, USA] (14 February 1871), 3 

The Carandini troupe made their first appearance before a Sacramento public last evening at the Metropolitan, rendering a fine operatic and ballad entertainment to a small but appreciative audience. Owing to the indisposition of Madame Carandini she was unable to appear, but a very attractive programme was given nevertheless. The sisters Rosina and Fanny have excellent voices, well cultivated, and sing with taste and expression. Walter Sherwin, the tenor, has a pleasing voice, and renders the ladies effective support. Last, but not least in the matter of furnishing pleasure and amusement to an audience, is the comic genius of the troupe, J. Small, who sings well and has unbounded control of his facial muscles, which he exercises with irresistible effect. The audience last evening expressed their gratification with the entertainment by most liberal applause and several encores. To-night a change of programme will be given, and lovers of music who attend may be assured of receiving quite a treat.

"Figaro", The Lorgnette (12 February 1881), 2 

Madame Carandini has formed another concert party for a lengthened tour in foreign parts. Early in the ensuing week the above lady with her daughter, Marie, Miss Marion Linden, (pianiste), Mr. Otter Fischer (baritone), and Mr. Walter Sherwin will leave Melbourne per steamer Meath for China, via Newcastle, Cookstown, and Port Darwin, giving concerts in each of those places if opportunity offers.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1881), 1 

SHERWIN. - September 22, at St. Vincent's Hospital, Walter Sherwin (John Shickle), after a long illness.

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 September 1881), 1

SHERWIN. - On the 22nd inst., at Sydney, en route from China to Melbourne, Walter Sherwin, aged 53.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1881), 5

THERE are probably few people in the colony who have not attended a concert given by the Carandini Company, and all will be sorry to hear that a gentleman who was for very many years the tenor singer of the company died at 2 a.m, yesterday in St. Vincent's Hospital. Mr. John Shickle, better known under his professional name of Walter Sherwin, accompanied Madame Carandini and her daughters on many a tour, and visited with them all the British dependencies; but his life journey has now come to an end, its close being marked by much suffering. After a successful concert season in China and Japan, Madame Carandini, with Miss Marie Carandini and Mr. Sherwin, left Hongkong for Australia, and before the voyage had lasted many days Mr. Sherwin was taken ill. His complaint, which was enlargement of the liver, became so serious that he had to remain for some days in Brisbane before he could gather sufficient strength to come on to Sydney, and for days before his death it was evident that there was no hope of his recovery.

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1917), 10 

Widespread regret in musical circles will be felt at the death from heart failure of Frederick John Sherwin, who passed away at his home in Penkerville-street, Bondi, yesterday afternoon, at 66 years of age. In his earlier days he was employed at Allan's music warehouse, Melbourne, but for over 30 years he has been identified with W. H. Paling and Co., Ltd., of which he was a director as well as a departmental manager. The late Mr. Sherwin, who was a man of genial manners, was especially attached to his home, where he leaves a widow, a son, and two daughters.

Musical resources:

An English version of The favourite composed by Donizetti: written and adapted by E. Fitzball, Esq., performed for the first time, at the Princess Theatre, Melbourne . . . (Melbourne: R. M. Abbott & Company, 1858) 

Bibliography and references:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 90, 97-100, 103-06, 110, 115, 120, 129



Violin maker

Active Tasmania, 1858


"ROYAL SOCIETY OF TASMANIA", The Courier (28 April 1858), 2

Mr. William Shield, the maker of a violin (exhibited) which is constructed of colonial woods, namely Musk-wood and Huon Pine. The instrument is artistically executed, and its tone was pronounced by some members present to be full, fine, and mellow in a degree beyond what could have been anticipated from timbers so imperfectly seasoned. The following resolution was passed upon a motion made by the Ven. Archdeacon Davies, seconded by Dr. Agnew: "That the Secretary will be good enough to procure the attendance of Shield, the maker of the violin now exhibited, at the next monthly meeting of the Society, in order to have the benefit of his observations on the fitness and adaptability of Tasmanian timber to such purposes."

"ROYAL SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (22 May 1858), 2

In the course of the evening Mr. Vautin was introduced, together with Mr. Shiel, the maker of the violin which was exhibited at the last monthly meeting as having been constructed of colonial woods-namely, Musk Wood and Huon Pine, and the opinions of the latter stated upon the value and adaptability of various Tasmanian timbers to such purposes ... Mr. Shiel having promised to bring under notice of the society everything worth reporting which might present itself in the course of trials about to be made by him to test the value of several Tasmanian woods for the construction of musical instruments.

SHIELDS, Patrick

Bandsman (51st Regiment)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), February 1839 (with regiment, from UK; via Sydney, December 1838)
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 August 1846 (per Agincourt, for India)
Died Lahore, India, 1861

See also:

Band of the 51st Regiment


"THE 51st REGIMENT K. O. L. I.", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 January 1862), 2 

Many of the colonists of Tasmania will remember the brave soldiers of this fine Regiment, who were for so many years quartered in Tasmania. They will regret to see that during the last few months the regiment has almost been decimated by that fell disease, cholera. The following letter from a Sergeant gives an account thereof: -

Lahore, 15 October, 18 Oct 1861
My dear sister, I wrote to you a few days since, a short letter, as I had only come out of hospital that morning, after recoverings ffom a very severe attack of fever, and the mail was about to close so I could not describe to you anything about the late cholera disease, and its fearful effects . . .

The disease broke out first in our Regiment on the 7th August, and from that date up to about the 20th Sep., or little more than a month we lost our Colonel, 17 Sergeants, l6 corporals, and 247 privates, besides 17 women and 22 children . . .

I forgot to tell you I was promoted to the rank of sergeant in March last, I was only six months corporal. I am now doing the duties of Bugle Major. I cannot express to you how grateful I am to the Almighty for all His mercies to me since I have been a soldier, and above all for my escape from that dieadful disease. I am the only Hobart Town person now in the regiment. Poor Patrick Shields of the Band, and Billy Ring the Bugler have both died lately . . .

Shields told me if ever I returned to Tasmania to acquaint his friends of the manner of his death. He was quite sensible a few hours before his death. His loss is deeply regretted in the Band, we are very near done up for a Band, as we lost 16 men out of it. All the tunes we can manage to play are marches, as we unfortunately lost the best performers. The 94th Band is entirely done up as they lost one half their Band. I expect our regiment will be going home some time next year - at least that is rumoured - and generally believed in the Corps.
Sergeant J-- W--
H.M. 51st K.O.L.I., Lahore, Punjab.

SHOOBERT, Wild Abercormbie (Wyld; W. A. SHOOBERT)

Amateur musician, composer

Born Mount Keira, NSW, 28 December 1845
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 10 November 1901, aged 55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Son of captain James Conrad Shoobert, Sydney shipowner and maritime identity, Wild Schoobert composed The Bombay galop ("dedicated to Captain Burne and the officers of the R.M.S.S. Bombay"), published by James Reading & Co. of Sydney in November 1867.

An unidentified "waltz, composed by Mr. Shoobert, an amateur musician", appeared in 1864.

Wild Shoobert was later a surveyor-draftsman (see, e.g.: and


"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1845), 3

"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1860), 5

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1864), 8

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1867), 4

The Bombay Galop," dedicated to captain Burne and the officers of the H.M.S. Bombay, and composed by Mr. W. A. Shoobert, is a really sparkling bit of dance music, and worthy the patronage of performers on the pianoforte, to whom we commend it. The printing is good, and the title-page bears a good drawing of the steamer outward-bound.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1867), 1

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1879), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (16 November 1901), 1277 

SHORN, Edward

Itinerant musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852


"WATER POLICE OFFICE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1852), 2

Edward Shorn, an aged itinerant musician, was charged with being illegally at large in Sydney, he holding a ticket-of-leave for Maitland.

SIDONIA, pseudonym of SALWAY, William

SIEDE, Julius

Flautist, conductor, composer

Born Dresden, Saxony, 1825
Active Victoria, by September 1856
Died Auburn, VIC, 23 April 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

SIEDE, August

Pianist, conductor, composer, music journalist (The Argus)

Born Melbourne, c.1870
Died London, 16 September 1925 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Image (Julius):


Julius Siede, "Flautist from the Opera, Berlin", had joined Anna Bishop and George Loder's touring company in Victoria by September 1856. In fact, he had lived in the United States since 1848, touring there with Jenny Lind and previously with Bishop. Siede stayed on in Melbourne, and lived until 1903, contributing over almost four decades toward the professionalisation of musical life of Melbourne (his son, August, was also an occasional composer).

In 1859, at a performance of "Verdi's new and most popular opera La Traviata", he introduced a "new National Song", Advance Australia ("Composed expressly for, and sung by, Mons. Emile Coulon"), and a Grand Overture for "a complete orchestra", the first of several overtures he introduced in Victoria, variously performed by orchestra or military band (also including Faust and Margarethe, Festival, and Anthony and Cleopatra).

He wrote choral works for the Melbourne Liedertafel, including Hymn to the night and The occultation of Orion (Longfellow), as well as a great deal of military band music. None of his works is known to survive.

August Siede's Ancient dance for the pianoforte was published in Melbourne in 1908.


"GEELONG", The Argus (10 September 1856), 6

"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (21 October 1856), 2

... Herr Siede gave another of his delightful executions upon the flute, over which instrument he seems to have a perfect mastery; the expression, with which his countenance is by no means largely endowed, appearing to have accumulated with unwonted power in his nimbly moving digits, giving to them the faculty of rapid and faultless manipulation ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 December 1859), 8

"MR. JULIUS SIEDE", The Argus (30 September 1887), 7

"HERR JULIUS SIEDE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 April 1890), 9

"PERSONAL", The Argus (24 April 1903), 13

Herr Julius Siede, the well known musician, died at his residence in Auburn on Thursday night, at the age of 78. Herr Siede was one of Melbourne's oldest musicians, having been a resident of the city since 1855. He had previously travelled through America as solo flautist with the celebrated singer, Jenny Lind, and, after arriving in Australia, made a two-years' tour with Madame Anna Bishop. Subsequently he was conductor of Lyster's famous opera company, and in 1872 became conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, in which position he continued until 1890. Herr Siede's wife pre-deceased him. He leaves two daughters and five sons, one of whom is Mr. August Siede, also well known in the musical world, who is now on a trip to Europe. The funeral will be held this afternoon at half-past 2, and will be attended by past and present members of the Melbourne Liedertafel, who will sing a requiem over the grave.

"A MELBOURNE COMPOSER. SUCCESS IN EUROPE", The Mercury (29 December 1903), 5

"AN AUSTRALIAN COMPOSER. MR. AUGUST SIEDE AT DRESDEN", The West Australian (29 December 1903), 5

Mr. August Siede, of Melbourne, an Australian composer, produced last night at Dresden his lyric symphony, "The Australian Walpurgisnight." The performance was well received. Mr. August Siede is the son of the late Mr. Julius Siede. He left Melbourne two years ago for a course of study in Europe. He was known in Melbourne as the conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, and as a composer and excellent organist. His chief compositions are a setting of the last three stanzas of Shelley's "Adonais", which was performed by the Melbourne Liedertafel, and a symphonic overture, performed by Mr. Marshall Hall's orchestra, under the composer's direction, at its 49th concert in the Melbourne Town Hall.

"PERSONAL", The Argus (27 October 1925), 10

Private messages received in Melbourne yesterday announced the death in London on September 16, of Mr. August Siede, well known in musical circles in Melbourne as a pianist, organist, conductor, and critic. A cultured and accomplished musician and a scholarly writer on musical subjects, Mr. Siede was for some years musical critic of The Argus ... He was aged about 55 years.

Bibliography and resources:

Thérèse Radic, "Siede, Julius (1825-1903)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SIGMONT, William Abercrombie (William Abercrombie Dignum SIGMONT)

Professor of music, pianist, bass vocalist, guitarist, organist, composer

Born UK, c.1797/98
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 13 August 1849 (per Madawaska, via Adelaide and Melbourne)
Died Goulburn, NSW, 6 October 1867, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Teacher of singing, the piano, and the French language


Sigmont, in his early 50s (and, I imagine, of mixed Scottish-German-Hungarian Catholic descent), arrived in Sydney with his wife and three children on 13 August 1849, and advertised on 18 August as:

... late professor of Music at Vienna, in the family of Prince Metternich, begs to inform the public of Sydney that he has just arrived from England, and is desirous of giving instruction in Singing and the Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and the Organ. Mr. S., whilst in England, having been appointed Professor of the German and French Languages at two of the head grammar schools, is desirous of teaching the above languages either in private or at schools.

He had been in England since 1830 or earlier, active as a Catholic organist and choirmaster in Newcastle and Hull. He dedicated his first few years in NSW to concert giving, eventually working with most of the major Sydney musical fraternity. At his second concert in March 1850, Bell's Life found:

This gentleman improves on acquaintance ... There was a boldness and full tone in the performer's singing.

Schubert's Erl king:

deserves to be better known here than it hitherto has been. None can make it become so, better than Mr. S.

And in Thalberg's God save the Queen and Rule Britannia he "evidenced consummate talent".

Sigmont presented several of his own compositions, including the Zigueuner waltzes, and extracts from The red cross banner ("a patriotic Ode, the music by Mr. Sigmont, consisting of an Overture, a triumphal march, a double chorus, and four other chorusses; three solos and a duet").

At his fourth concert in August he was assisted by Abraham Emanuel and the Gautrots, and later that month and into September he accompanied Marie Carandini and Sara Flower in three concerts in Maitland. He also lectured on Scottish music, accompanied St. Mary's Choral Society, and took music classes for the School of Arts.

He settled in Goulburn in 1853, and in January 1855 was accompanist for concerts there by Miska Hauser and Ali-Ben Sou-Alle


"NEW MUSICAL WORKS", The Harmonicon 8 (1830), 442

[Music reviews], The National Standard of Literature, Science, Music (13 April 1833), 239

[Advertisement], Newcastle Journal [England] (16 July 1836), 2

MR. W. A. SIGMONT, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, (From the Continent), respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, that he will RE-COMMENCE giving INSTRUCTIONS on the PIANO-FORTE and SINGING, the 29th Instant. The most respectable References will be given. George Inn, Pilgrim-Street, July 13th.

"1837 (Oct. 29)", The local historian's table book of remarkable occurrences 4 (Newcastle: M. A. Richardson, 1844), 398

[Advertisement], Newcastle Journal [England] (25 November 1837), 1

NEWCASTLE & GATESHEAD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. THIRD SEASON ... their FIRST DRESS CONCERT for the Season will take Place in the MUSIC HALL, BLACKETT-STREET, on Tuesday, November 28, 1837. PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS, MISS C. A. BIRCH, (From the "Philharmonic Concerts," ...) Mrs. CORRIE, Miss E. M. A. ATKINSON, (of the Theatre Royal, Newcastle,) Mr. W. WATSON, Mr. SMITH, Mr. STODHART. The Orchestra will full and efficient, comprising nearly all the Professional Talent of the Town, assisted several Amateurs. Leader Mr. BAGNALL. Conductor Mr. W. WATSON. Solo Pianiste Mr. SIGMONT ... PROGRAMME ... SOLO - Piano Forte - Mr. Sigmont, Thalberg ...

[Advertisement], Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette [England] (25 October 1838), 2

PIANO-FORTE, HARP, and SINGING. MR. W. A. SIGMONT, from Vienna (late Instructor in the family of his Serene Highness Prince Metternich) respectfully announced to the Nobility and Gentry of Bath that he has commenced giving INSTRUCTIONS IN MUSIC. Address No. 10, DUKE STREET, NORTH PARADE.

[Advertisement], Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette [England] (26 June 1840), 4

SCHOLASTIC ESTABLISHMENT, LAIR-GATE, BEVERLEY ... French Language - Mons. BOULLAND, German Language - Professor W. A. SIGMONT, Dancing Master - Professor JACKSON ...

"HULL CATHOLIC CHAPEL", York Herald [England] (19 September 1840), 3

On Sunday last ... the music was Mozart's Mass, No. 12 ... Mr. Sigmont presided at the organ ... In the evening, Vespers were sung, which opened with a beautiful Motett by Sigmont. The Magnificat in C, by Sigmont, is a splendid piece, and was given with great effect by this very able choir ...

"HULL HOLY CATHOLIC GUILD", Bengal Catholic Herald (17 April 1841), 84

UK, 1841 census, Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, parish of Holy Trinity, Logan St.

William Sigmont, age 40, musician, born [UK]

"MARRIAGES", Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette [England] (22 April 1842), 5

On Saturday, the 16th inst., at Christ Church, Mr. William Sigmont, to Miss Lucy March, both of this town.

[Advertisement], Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette (25 April 1845), 1

MR. SIGMONT respectfully informs his Friends and the Public that "THE RED CROSS BANNER" will be Performed for the Second Time on TUESDAY Evening, the 29th instant, at Eight o'clock, at the Mechanics' Institute. On this occasion Mr. S. will hava the honour of adding the following new Compositions: "THE SMILE," the Words by E. V. Rippingille, Esq.; a SERENADE for the Piccolo Organo, Violin, Viola, and Violoncello, in which are introduced a favourite Air by Gluck; and a Fantasia for the Flute, partly composed and entirely arranged by him for the full Orchestra. Leader - Mr. GILES. Tickets, One Shilling etch, to be had at Mr. SIGMONT'S Residence, 43. George-Street, and of Mr. FAGG, Whitefriargate. Members of the Institute at Half-price.

"YORKSHIRE AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", Hull Packet [England] (20 June 1845), 5

This delightful re-union of the musical amateurs of Yorkshire took place in this town on Wednesday and yesterday. This is the thirty-seventh anniversary of this society, which holds its annual meetings in rotation at Leeds, Sheffield, York, and Hull ... [first concert] ... Mr. Sigmont's overture to the "Red Cross Banner" came next, and served admirably as a contrast to Kalliwoda's symphony with which the concert commenced ...

;Advertisement], Hull Packet (25 August 1848), 1

HULL HARMONIC SOCIETY. THE SECOND PUBLIC PERFORMANCE of SECULAR MUSIC will take place on the Evening of FRIDAY, Sept. 1st, 1848, at half past Seven o'CLock precisely, in the MUSIC-HALL, Jarratt-street, when will be performed, (for the Second time in Hull), The Graad National Ode, entitled the RED CROSS BANNER, Composed by Mr. SIGMONT, and conducted by the Author; to be followed by MATTHEW LOCKE'S celebrated MUSIC IN MACBETH, and a Miscellaneous SELECTION of MUSIC. ADMISSION ONE SHILLING. ROBERT BOWSER, Treasurer.

"HULL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette [England] (8 September 1848), 5

The second secular concert of this society took place in the Public-rooms, Jarratt-street, on Friday evening last. As compliment to local talent, no less than three new overtures by members of this society, each of them possessing great merit, were performed, and received a deserving applause from a numerous audience. The first overture was introductory to a somewhat incongruous pasticcio (or, as it was termed in the programme, "ode"), called "The Red Cross Banner," compiled Mr. Sigmont, the present leader of the Hull Harmonic Society. The title of this piece is infelicitous as regarding both poetry (?) and music. It commences with a tenor solo, followed with an "azure-main" or "Rule- Britannia" chorus. Then we have a snatch of Bishop Heber's song, "When eyes are beaming," originally written as a duet, but on the present occasion attempted as a solo. This was followed by a mutilated version of Calcott's glee, "The Red Cross Knight" (which, by the way, seemed to the most relished in the piece, and only escaped an encore from the veto against repetitions being printed at the commencement of the book of words). "The Smile" followed - and, if we might judge from the risible countenances of the audience, it appeared to be reciprocated in its true sense. Chorus, "Napoleon's Burial" (the most artistic composition, perhaps, in the whole compilation); recit., "Arise to heaven," and air, "O say, sweet captive warbler," with an (attempted) accompaniment on Messrs. Forster and Andrew's newly-invented instrument, the "Piccolo Organette." Why Mr. Sigmont should be so careless in his fingering of this instrument we are at a loss to conjecture. It left an indefinite impression as to the merits of the invention. An accomplished pianiste (as Mr. S. undoubtedly is) should have shown more interest in bringing out the capabilities of an instrument invented his brother-townsmen. Another "Rule-Britannia" chorus (in which the "Hip, hip, hurrah! hurrah!" was disagreeably predominant); a solo, "The Red Cross Banner;" and a "Triumphal March and Chorus," concluded this most singular pout-pourri. Mr. Sigmont was the primo tenore in the whole of the solos (with one exception) in "The Red Cross Banner," therefore those of our readers who were absent need not regret the treat they lost in not hearing this gentleman's vocal display. The second part opened with a MS. overture, the composition of Mr. H. Deval, and conducted by the composer in person ...

[Advertisement], Hull Packet [England] (5 January 1849), 4

MR. SIGMONT, Professor of Music, and of the German and French Languages at the Grammar Schools of Hull and Beverley, begs to inform the Public that after having filled the situation of Organist at St. John's Church for three years, he has been called upon the deliver up the Keys, owing to the deficiency of Funds. He feels himself, therefore, at liberty and is desirous to obtain another Situation as Organist. Address, No. 16, North Street, Charlotte Street.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1850), 1

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 February 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1850), 1

"MR. SIGMONT'S MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Bell's Life in Sydney (23 March 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1850), 1

"A NIGHT WITH SIGMONT", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1850), 1

MR. SIGMONT respectfully informs the public that his terms for teaching the Pianoforte, Singing, and the Guitar, are four guineas per quarter for each. Half hour lessons are two guineas per quarter. The Red Cross Banner, a patriotic Ode, the music by Mr. Sigmont, consisting of an Overture, a triumphal march, a double chorus, and four other chorusses; three solos and a duet, is being put in rehearsal, and will be shortly produced in public under distinguished patronage. Woollooomooloo-street, three doors beyond Mr. Scott's house-name upon the door, and at Mrs. Trood's Printing Office, King street. German and French in classes, at one guinea per quarter; single lessons, two guineas per quarter.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1850), 1

"THE PATENT HARMONIUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (27 July 1850), 2

"THE PATENT HARMONIUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (3 August 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1850), 1

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (31 August 1850), 2

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (7 September 1850), 2

"MR. SIGMONT'S MUSICAL LECTURE", Empire (5 November 1851), 3

"MR. A. MOORE'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 November 1851), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

"MUSIC IN THE METROPOLIS", Empire (19 April 1852), 2

"MR. WALLER'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (11 September 1852), 2

"IMPROMPTU", Bell's Life in Sydney (5 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (20 August 1853), 3

"GOULBURN", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1854), 3


"SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1864), 6

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 October 1864), 4 

On Wednesday evening Mr. Sigmont gave a concert in the hall of the mechanics' institute. He had hoped to have had the assistance of the members of the Philharmonic Society; but being disappointed he at first resolved to allow the concert to lapse. On re-consideration however he secured the assistance of Mr. Arnold, a violinist, and of Master White, son of Mr. F. White, who though stated to be only seven years of age performs on the concertina. The attendance was numerous; Mr. Jutstice Wise, under whose patronage the concert was held, and the clerk of arraigns being present. The want of more numerous performers was much felt, but Mr. Sigmont did his best to infuse variety into the evening's entertainment. The best pieces were some Hungarian waltzes, the peculiar nature of which was explained by Mr. Sigmont, and the overture and opening chorus of The Red Cross Banner, a piece of Mr. Sigmont's own composition which was performed at the York Festival and was much admired. Several of the songs and pieces were encored.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1867), 1

SINGING, Pianoforte, German, and French Taught by Mr. W. A. SIGMONT, late Teaeher in the family of Prince Metternich, at Vienna. Terms - Six lessons for one guinea, six lessons schools two guineas per quarter. Address at Mr, KING'S, Pianoforte Warehouse, Mort's bmldings, Pitt-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1867), 1

On the 6th instant, at Goulburn, Mr. WILLIAM ABERCROMBIE SIGMONT, aged 70 years.

SILVAIN, Frederick George (Frederick George SILVAIN; F. G. SILVAIN)

Minstrel, serenader, dancer

Active Goulburn, NSW, by 1860
Departed Launceston, TAS, 17 April 1863 (per Sea Breeze, for Dunedin, NZ)

SIM, Mr. (Mr. SIM)

Musician, bandmaster

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861



. . . After the performance was over the band of the Western Fire Brigade played Mr. Sim, their band master home. On arriving at Bath's Hotel they halted, and favored a considerable crowd of admirers with some well-executed airs. They subsequently serenaded Mr. Claxton, and some of the members of the Western Fire Brigade, at their respective residences . . .

SIMEON, Michael (Michael SIMEON)

Singer, choir leader (Hobart Synagogue)

Born ? London, England, 1824; son of Peter SIMEON (b. c. 1790) and Sarah REES (c. 1793-1866)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 21/22 October 1843 (free per Flying Squirrel)
Died Regent's Park, London, England, 5 April 1867, in his 44th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Michael Simeon was a son of Peter Simeon (c. 1790-c.1861), and Sarah Rees (c. 1793-1866), who were married at the Great Synagogue, London, on 12 October 1814. He was a younger brother of the colonists James Simeon (1815-1874), of Melbourne, and David Simeon (b. c. 1820) of Sydney, and, according to Levi, a nephew of David Moses (of Hobart).

Michael arrived in Hobart with his mother, Sarah Simeon, as cabin passengers in the Flying Squirrel on 21/22 October 1843.

Having reportedly previously assisted at a consecration ceremony in England, he was a singer at the consecration of Hobart Synagogue in 1845. According to the Hobart Town Courier he possessed "a falsetto voice of good quality rarely met with". He assisted Isaac Solomon in arranging the music for the ceremony, and sang from memory the melodies of the proper chants to Joseph Reichenberg, who then wrote them down and arranged them, as later published as Ancient Hebrew melodies (1847).

Having returned to London permanently by c. 1860, he died there in 1867.


Great Synagogue marriage registers 1791-1850; Angela Shire (ed.) (Crediton: Frank J. Gent, 2001)

1841, England census, Middlesex, St. Pancras, Tottenham; UK National Archives, HO 107/686/3 

Windmill Street / Sarah Simeon / 34 / Draper / [born Middlesex] Y
David [Simeon] / 23 / General Dealer / Y
Michael [Simeon] / 17 / Tailor / Y

Report of the arrival at the port of Hobart Town of the schooner "Flying Squirrel, 22nd Oct. 1843; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1534791; CSO92/1/11 p105$init=CSO92-1-11p108jpg 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Courier (27 October 1843), 2 

October 21 - Arrived the schooner Flying Squirrel, 86 tons, Young, from Port Phillip 12th instant, with sheep - cabin passengers, Mrs. Simeon, Master Simeon . . .



. . . Mr. H. Jones officiated as reader; his chaunts were given with admirable intonation. The orchestral department combined the talent of Messrs. Gautrot, Curtis, Duly, and Singer, ably led by Mr. Reichenberg. The choir was exceedingly effective, the principal parts being admirably given by Mr. M. Simeon, who possesses a falsetto voice of good quality and rarely met with ...

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3 

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 June 1867), 4 

SIMEON. - On the 5th April, at his residence, 6 Okley-square, Regent's-park, London, Michael Simeon (late of Hobart Town), brother to James Simeon, of Clifton-villa, St. Kilda, in his forty-fourth year. Sydney and Tasmanian papers please copy.

Gravestone reads:

Michael SIMEON son of Peter & Sarah SIMEON who departed this life 5th April 1867, 5627 aged 43 years. [From the Hebrew inscription:] Mr. Meir bar Mr. Phin*** . . . Friday 28 Adar II buried Sunday 2 Nisan 5627 age

Bibliography and resources:

John Levi, These are the names: Jewish lives in Australia, 1788-1850 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing, 2013) (PREVIEW)

SIMES, Thomas (Thomas SIMES; T. SIMES; Mr. SIMES)

Actor, manager, comedian, convict

Born Islington, London, England, 3 August 1804; baptised St. Luke's, Finsbury, 26 August 1804, son of John and Peggy SIMES
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 May 1825 (convict per Hercules, from England, 24 December 1824)
Married Honoria HINTON (d. 1875), Port Stephens, NSW, 1831
Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1835
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 October 1846 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Christenings in August 1804; register, St. Luke, Finsbury, Islington, 1776-1812, page 133; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Thomas S. of James Simes, & Peggy - [born] August 3d [baptised] 26th

List of Convicts with Particulars, Hercules, 1825; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

No. 8 / Thomas Simes / [tried] Exeter / 25 Mar. 1824 / 7 yrs / [born] Islington / Attorney's Clerk / . . . [Assigned] Bathurst

Butts of Certificates of Freedom, 1831, March, (NRS 12210); State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

CERTIFICATE OF FREEDOM / No. 31/186 / 23d March 1831 / Thomas Simes / Hercules / 1835 / [Native place] Islington / Solicitor's Clerk / Devon Assizes / 22nd March 1824 / Seven Years / [year of birth] 1804 / . . .

"DIED", The Spectator (24 October 1846), 470 

At his residence, Pitt-street, on the 19th instant, much regretted by all who knew him, Mr. Thomas Simes, comedian, in the 43rd year of his age.

Bibliography and resources:

"Thomas Simes (Hercules), Convict records 


Actor, manager, comedian, songwriter

Born ? UK, c.1827/28
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco)
Died Auckland, NZ, 17 October 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Described at least once later as an "American actor", Simmonds arrived in Australia with Lola Montez, Charles Eigenschenck, and Harriet Fiddes in August 1855.

His published collection, Lyrics: a collection of songs, ballads, and poems (by James Simmonds, Comedian) (Sydney: James Fryer, 1858) contains some songs previously published set to music by J. R. Thomas and others in the United States where Simmonds was associated with several minstrel companies, including Buckley's Serenaders. However, the most famous of these, Let us speak of a man as we find him, set to music by Thomas and published in the USA in 1854, was not his original lyric, and is known in several earlier sources.

Another song from this collection, The world within and the world without was set in Australia by Sidney Nelson in May 1857. Henry Squires also sang, and J.R. Clarke published in Sydney in 1861 the Thomas/Simmonds song, Some one to love.

Simmonds's last documented new song was Viva l'Australia, for Raffaele Abecco, in April 1865.

Simmonds died suddenly of apoplexy in Auckland in 1870, reportedly aged 42 (elsewhere 38).

George Loder arranged the music for his August 1857 extravaganza, The lady killer; or, The devil in Sydney.

According to Mimi Colligan, J. E. Neild later recalled him as a:

... low Jew who was for a time a theatrical man in Melbourne. He died poor and miserably in New Zealand.

W. H. Stephen, in his MS journal, "My diary from Sydney" (1 May 1858 to 6 June 1859; University of California Library, Los Angeles, Special Collections, MSS 170/11), gave an account of the decline of drama in New South Wales, a decline that he blames on the arrival of the comedian James Simmonds, a performer brought to Australia by Lola Montez.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1857), 1

"THE DRAMA. THE ROYAL VICTORIA", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 August 1857), 2

"Review", Bell's Life in Sydney (20 February 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1865), 8

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (30 September 1865), 2

G. B. Barton, Literature in New South Wales (Sydney, 1866), 103

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (25 December 1866), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 January 1868), 1

"REVIEW", The Ballarat Star (11 January 1867), 2-3

"DEATHS", Daily Southern Cross (7 November 1870), 2

"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES", The Argus (24 October 1870), 6

[News], Riverine Herald (26 October 1870), 2

James Simmonds, manager, actor and poet, we learn by telegram, died at Auckland, on the 18th instant, aged 38 [? 42]. Whatever may have been his faults, his faults, his death will be keenly felt by many who knew his natural kindness of heart and geniality of disposition. This last quality indeed was the rock on which, like many more of his calling, he wrecked a life which at one time was full of promise.

"STAGE RECOLLECTIONS ... By C. W.", Evening News (1 August 1908), 4

It was then my fortune to be introduced to Mr. James Simmonds, of East Melbourne, virtual proprietor of the new Princess Theatre, who was bringing Joseph Jefferson to Australia. He lived with his mother in a charming villa in that exclusive quarter, where I remember two delightful evenings. He was known amongst his friends as a poet. Some poems he had composed attracted favorable notice in the Press, and subsequently a small volume was published.

Bibliography and resources:

William Winter, Life and art of Joseph Jefferson (New York: Macmillan, 1894), 172

Mr. James Simmonds was well known as an actor and a manager. At one time he managed the Eagle theatre, in Sudbury street, Boston, Mass.. He was the author of several songs, one of which, entitled Speak of a Man as You find Him, has enjoyed much popularity.

Mimi Colligan, "Theatre in the Neild Scrapbooks", La Trobe Library Journal 83 (May 2009)



Merchant, importer and sellers of pianos

Born London, England, c. 1805
Died at sea, 16 April 1872 


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 April 1827), 2 

Pianofortes are becoming very plentiful in Sydney, so that the old complaint of not being able to obtain one of these instruments is completely obviated. There is an extensive assortment both at Messrs. Isaac Simmons and Co.'s, Mr. Ellard's, and Mr. Tyrers.

SIMMONS, Joseph (alias RAY; Mr. RAY; Mr. SIMMONS; Mr. Joseph SIMMONS)

Vocalist, falsettist, songwriter, actor, theatre manager

Born England, ? 1810
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 May 1830, for Sydney (passenger per Arab, from London, 23 January)
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), November 1832 (per Arethusa, for England)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 21 December 1833 (per Brothers, from Land's End, 3 September)
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 August 1893, aged 84 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)

SIMMONS, Sophie (Sophia SIMMONS; Miss Sophie SIMMONS)

Soprano vocalist, pianist, pupil of Eliza Wallace Bushelle, teacher of music

Born ? Sydney, NSW, c.1844/5
Died Melbourne, VIC, 11 May 1909, aged 64



Born ? Sydney, NSW, 1847

Image: Portrait of Joseph Simmons, the country storekeeper (Heads of the people, 1847)


As Joseph Simomns, he passed through Hobart in 1830 en route to Sydney. As Joseph Ray, he returned to spend two months in Hobart in late 1832 and gave at least two entertainments with, among others, Sophia Letitia Davis and John Philip Deane. According to the Colonial Times, Ray did not "shine as a musician ... his ear is by no means perfect, and he frequently gives whole passages far from being in tune." Nevertheless, another paper found him "successful in delighting the audience, particularly in the song of the Spider and fly, which he gave with considerable comic effect".

For US editions of that song, words by Thomas Hudson, see:


In December 1832, he sailed from Hobart for England. Having been in business in Sydney first as an auctioneer and, after his return visit to England in 1833, as a shopkeeper, in February 1834 Simmons went into a theatrical partnership with Barnett Levey, taking "the entire management of the stage". In his early months at the theatre he sang Dibdin's Farewell my trim-built wherry, as well as introducing topical parodies on songs including The spider and the fly.

According to the Australian, one of his colleagues tried to match him in September by introducing an "extemporaneous song (after the manner of Mr. Simmons) which it had been perhaps more judicious, to omit." In the farce High life below stairs in January 1836, Simmons both danced a Mock minuet de la Cour and sang a Mock Italian bravura. The Gazette reported:

The Gavotte [sic] by Simmons and Mrs. Jones was danced with a comic aping of ton, highly amusing, and Simmons's mock Bravura, which was executed with foppish extravagance, together with his tremor and nervous agitation at the close of the song, relieved by the application of "O'Colleen" by Lady Charlotte, and the put on exquisite solicitude of the rest of the party, was highly comic and entertaining.

In spirit, if not perhaps in every musical detail, he later revived this as the Mock Italian aria in Charles Nagel's burletta Mock Catalani in 1842.

Later examples, in May and June 1843, were his An extemporaneous song in the character of Billy Barlow and An extemporaneous song upon the election. He announced his retirement from the stage in April 1845.

Simmons was given a benefit at the Theatre Royal, Sydney, as late as June 1879, and was still advertising as a dramatic instructor right up to his death in 1893 ("the pioneer of the drama in Australia; every branch of the art taught").


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (14 May 1830), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 June 1831), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 April 1832), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (16 November 1832), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (19 October 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (20 November 1832), 2

Mr. Ray does not shine as a musician, his voice is rather powerful in the lower notes, and the falsetto decent, especially the upper tones, but he has little idea of cleverly passing from his natural voice to the falsetto - there is a degree of difficulty when he arrives at passages requiring the blending of the two - beside one very serious drawback to Mr. Ray, being considered a good musician, is that, his ear is by no means perfect, and he frequently gives whole passages far from being in tune.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 November 1832), 2

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Australian (7 December 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (30 December 1832), 2

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 December 1832), 3 

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 December 1833), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 January 1834), 2

[News], The Sydney Monitor (14 February 1834), 3

"The Drama", The Australian (21 February 1834), 2


"THEATRICALS", The Australian (3 June 1834), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (26 September 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 January 1836), 3

"SYDNEY THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 January 1836), 2

"LAW INTELLIGENCE ... Simmons v. Levey", The Sydney Monitor (12 October 1836), 2 

To the Inhabitants of Hobart Town and Launceston. BEWARE OF A MAD DOG ... Mr. Simmons alias Ray, having taken leave of the Sydney stage, and I verily believe of his senses also, through the medium of the public journals in a spiteful blackguard advertisement ... (Signed) BARNET LEVEY.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1845), 1

"OPERATIC AND BALLAD CONCERT AT DEL SARTE'S ROOM", The Mercury (22 October 1868), 2 

"QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1879), 3 

"Life in Sydney Forty Years Ago", Evening News (27 May 1879), 3 

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1879), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1890), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1893), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1893), 14 

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (12 July 1905), 3 

... At the Masonic Hall, in York-street, Mr. Simmons gave a novel and amusing entertainment, before a select and appreciative audience. To be precise, it was on Saturday evening, January 7, 1879 ... An addition to Mr. Simmons' entertainment was Miss Sophie Simmons, who sang several songs, in which she was accompanied by Mr. Packer on the piano. Her exquisite rendering of a "Dream Within a Dream," of Edgar Allen Poe, the music by Pontal, fairly took the audience by storm, and great things were predicted for the young lady, who was a Sydney native. Mr. Simmons lived to a great age, and has left a number of his name in Sydney. I am not aware how Miss Sophie Simmons succeeded in after life, but shall be glad to know ...

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (2 August 1905), 3 

I made mention of an old time manager and actor, Mr. Joseph Simmons, in "Sportsman," July 19, and expressed a wish to hear something of his daughter, a young lady, pupil of Madame Wallace Bushelle (a sister of Vincent Wallace, the composer of "Maritana" and other operas), who in the late seventies made a very successful appearance in the Masonic Hall, then the fashionable concert hall of Sydney. I have had the pleasure of an interview with Miss Sophie Simmons at her residence, Macleay-street, Potts Point, and am pleased to have added to my list of intelligent acquaintances a lady whose knowledge of musical matters and musical lore in Sydney is of the widest. I have been placed in possession of many highly interesting reminiscences of Mr. Joseph Summons, which I am privileged to publish in the near future.

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. REMINISCENT OF JOSEPH SIMMONS ...", Sydney Sportsman (25 October 1905), 3

I am indebted to Miss Sophie Simmons (see "Sportsman," July 12, '05) for some interesting matter in connection with her father's managerial career, and from which I am permitted to make some extracts ...

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. MORE ABOUT MR. JOSEPH SIMMONS", Sydney Sportsman (8 November 1905), 3 


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1909), 12 

"Theatrical Gossip", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (17 April 1909), 11

Miss Sophie Simmons died the other day, aged 65. She was the daughter of Joseph Simmons, who ran the Theatre Royal, now Dymock's book-shop, in the thirties. When Miss Simmons was born, in 1843, her father was one of the stock company at the old Victoria. He was, however, auctioneer and general merchant as well. Miss Simmons was known in all the capitals of the Commonwealth as a teacher of music.

Bibliography and resources:

H. L. Oppenheim, "Simmons, Joseph (1810-1893)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

SIMMONS, Julia (later Julia SYDNEY; Mrs. William Morgan ORR)

Soprano vocalist, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 1839 (BDM NSW 134/1839)
Died Paddington, NSW, 16 October 1909

SIMMONS, Laurence



Daughter of auctioneer and old colonist Isaac Simmons (d. 1872), niece of the actor Joseph Simmons, and "pupil of Signor Luigi Arditi" (1863), Julia Simmons announced her grand concert for 16 August 1861, assisted by Frederick Ellard, Alfred Anderson, the harpist T. H. Brooks, and Douglas Callen and the Band of the 12th Regiment. She then sang Ah, fors e lui from La Traviata, and Arditi's duet, Trema o vil (with Sara Flower) for Callen and the Sydney Philharmonic Society in September. The press greeted her as "our new Australian debutante", and later:

In the prayer and cavatina, "Casta Diva," the highly cultivated voice, and correct musical taste of Miss Julia Simmons were heard to the greatest advantage, her execution of the grand invocation of the druidical priestess being honoured with a rapturous encore.

At the Orpheonist Society concert in August 1862, "As an encore [Miss Simmons] gave Lily Lee, a ballad of her own composition. Mr. [Frederick] Ellard accompanied Miss Simmons on the pianoforte". She sang a solo at York Street Synagogue in September 1862, under musical director Lewis Moss.

Earlier, in November 1861, Moss had published her composition The ladies polka ("Composed & inscribed to the Ladies of N.S.W."), and in 1863 J. R. Clarke published her ballad Lily Lee ("arranged by C. Packer"), and also included it in the Australian musical album for 1863.

She spent the 1870s in London, appearing there as Julia Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (14 August 1861), 1

"CONCERT", Empire (16 August 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1861), 1

"MUSIC AND THE THEATRES", Empire (21 September 1861), 3

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1861), 8

"NEW POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1861), 5

"LANCASHIRE DISTRESS FUND: ORPHEONIST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1862), 5


"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", Empire (21 April 1863), 3

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE RANDWICK ASYLUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1863), 1

"MISS JULIA SYDNEY", The Musical World 48 (28 May 1870), 368

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 October 1870), 21

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (3 August 1872), 17 

Mr. Isaac Simmons, the father of the well-known Miss Julia Simmons, the vocalist, whose name is now connected with most London concerts, and of Mr. Laurence Simmons, a young Sydney singer (who was proceeding with his father to Europe for the purpose of cultivating his fine voice, and pursuing his musical studies), died on the voyage home in the Strathdon, on the 16th of April. The deceased gentleman was for a great part of his life a citizen of Sydney, and was highly esteemed for his uprightness, urbanity, hospitality, and kindliness of disposition.

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 April 1882), 13

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1909), 6 


Amateur baritone vocalist, artist, sculptor

Born Rome, 1838
Arrived Brisbane, QLD, by June 1872
Died Balmain, NSW, 23 March 1900, aged 62 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 June 1872), 1

"MR. A. ANDERSON's grand concert ...", The Brisbane Courier (2 July 1872), 2

"MUSIC", The Queenslander (28 September 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1875), 10

[News], Illustrated Sydney News (10 March 1875), 21

"ST. JOHN'S CHAPEL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (10 April 1875), 13

[Advertisement], The Mercury (29 February 1876), 3

"SPORTS AND AMUSEMENTS", The Mercury (20 March 1876), 2s

On the 20th ult. a very attractive concert was given at the Oddfellows' Hall. The concert had been specially arranged to afford the musical public an opportunity of hearing Signor Achille Simonetti, an Italian visitor, who is said to be one of the finest amateur vocalists that has visited Australia. Signor Simonetti gave several operatic selections, which displayed to advantage a fine baritone voice. On the 14th inst. a second concert was given at the Town Hall, under the conductorship of Mr. F. A. Packer. On this occasion also Signor Simonetti confirmed the high opinion previously formed of his powers. He sang the aria "Di provenza" from Traviata, and a cavatina from Faust in such a manner as to stamp him as a first-class artist, and we are sure it will be long before the public of this city have an opportunity of hearing a better baritone singer.

"DEATHS", Evening News (24 March 1900), 4


Bibliography and resources:

Noel S. Hutchinson, "Simonetti, Achille (1838-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Not the violinist-composer Achille Simonetti (1857-1928)


Friend of Domenico Carmusci



Soprano vocalist ("Prima Donna from the Opera Comique, of Paris")

Born c. 1835
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 19 September 1896, aged 61


Violinist, conductor, operatic manager ("Solo Violinist to His Majesty the King of Denmark")

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1865
Died (suicide), Melbourne, VIC, 28 November 1899 (NLA persistent identifier)



"MAURITIUS", Empire (6 May 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 August 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Mercury (13 November 1865), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 September 1896), 1



Mr. Martin Simonsen, the head of the well-known musical family of that name committed suicide yesterday afternoon by shooting himself. Since the death of Madame Simonsen, three years ago, Mr. Simonsen had resided with Mr. and Mrs. Goulding at 588 Elizabeth-street, a two-story house, standing between Victoria and Queensberry streets. For some time past he has been very unsettled, but had never shown any suicidal tendencies. On Monday night he was visited by his youngest son, Martin, and the evening was spent pleasantly in a game of cards, the father appearing cheerful and contented ... Many years ago Mr. Simonsen was one of the most prominent figures in the musical circles of Australia. A German by birth, he arrived in Melbourne about 25 years ago, with his wife, Madame Fanny Simonsen. He was a violinist, and Madame Simonsen a vocalist, and both were considered by competent critics to be possessed of rare ability. Opening at St. George's Hall with a concert company, they achieved such success that Mr. William Saurin Lyster, the leading operatic manager of the day, prevailed upon them to join his company, Mr. Simonsen as conductor and his wife as prima donna. The first opera with which they were associated was "L'Africaine", and in this, as in the succeeding operas of the season, the Simonsens were warmly received. After a time they severed their connection with Mr. Lyster, and started an operatic company of their own, playing throughout Australia with varied success. Mr. Simonsen's skill as a manager was, however, unequal to his ability as a musician, and few of his ventures were successful in the end. Madame Simonsen in later years applied herself to teaching, and was the means of bringing into prominence such world-renowned vocalists as her daughter, Madame Frances Saville, and Miss Ada Crossley. About 12 years ago, Mr. Simonsen brought to Australia an Italian opera company, which had a very successful season at the Alexandra Theatre, and two members of which, Signorina Rebottaro and Signor De Alba, remain with us still. Tempted by the success of this company, Mr. Simonsen repeated the experiment with the Italian Opera Company of about eight years ago, but failed to make the enterprise a financial success. He followed this failure with one even more disastrous - the importation of the Spanish Students-and was so crippled by the ventures that he never afterwards recovered his financial position. Mr. Simonsen was about 70 years of age, and leaves a large family, nearly all of whom are prominently known in the musical world.

Australian works (?):

Redowa (for the piano, op. 22) (dedicated to the Ladies of Tasmania) ("All ladies present this evening will be presented with a finely engraved copy of the "Hobart Town Redowa" for piano, expressly composed by Martin Simonsen, and dedicated by him to the Ladies of Tasmania.") 

European publications including:

Souvenirs d'Allemagne (Oberländler) (pour violon avec accompagnement de piano, Op. 7 composé par Martin Simonsen) (Hambourg: Fritz Schuberth, [between 1857 and 1861?]) 

Souvenir de Caracas et Puerto Rico (rondo aguinaldo pour le violon avec accompagnement de piano, op. 16) (Hambourg: chez Ernst Berens, [186-?]) 

Performance materials from Simonsen's opera companies including:

Lucrezia Borgia [Donizetti] (Martin Simonsen's Royal English Opera Company) J.C. Williamson collection of performance materials; National Library of Australia 

Haydee [Auber] (Martin Simonsen's English Opera Company) The Richard Bonynge collection of musical scores; National Library of Australia 



Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Died San Francisco, USA, 27 December 1884

SIMONSEN, Martina (Madame George SCHREIBER)

Soprano vocalist

Died Kew, VIC, 4 April 1953, aged 92 years


Soprano vocalist


Tenor vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1867

Images: Martina:




There was a large attendance at the Town hall on Saturday night, when an event occurred which was full of interest on account of the young people concerned, and deeply gratifying as critically viewed from the musical standpoint. Leonora and Martina are the names of Madame Simonsen's two eldest daughters, and on Saturday night these young ladies made their first public appearance as vocalists in Melbourne. They are both young and endowed with good looks to an extent which is altogether in their favour. We are quite satisfied about their intelligence and general good culture, and we will endeavour to give the reader some idea of the impression they created as singers. We will speak of Miss Leonora first, as being the elder of the two. It may he taken for granted that the reception each met with on her first appearance was hearty in the extreme, and as much by way of encouragement to the debutante as in acknowledgment of the talented at artiste, the mother and teacher of both, and who in each case in which her daughters were concerned did duty as accompanist at the pianoforte. The first selection given by Miss Leonora Simonsen, was the aria "O' Mio Fernando, from "La Favorita," followed as an encore song, by Virginia Gabriel's song " Ruby," and after taking part in the "Goodnight" quartet from Martha, she sang in the second part of the entertainment "Alas, those chimes," from "Maritana," and again, in response to an enthusiastic encore, "Il segreto," the well known brindisi from "Lucrezia Borgia." The order of Miss Leonora Simonsen's voice will be at once classed from the selections we have named. It is a mezzo-soprano of full compass, even range, and most musical quality. The organ has been properly trained in the matter of flexibility, and is now properly under the control of a young mind of sensibility and refinement. The effect produced by such a singer as Miss Leonora Simonsen is that of perfect contentment and approval on the part of the listener. The voice is not yet of that robust order which will allow of much stress upon the lower tones, but this attribute of strength will be developed by time and practice. In such an air as "Alas, those chimes," Miss Leonora Simonsen gave unqualified delight for perfect style and the right utterance of true sentiment. We have never heard it better sung in this country. Miss Martina Simonsen, the younger of the two sisters, is an admirable musical companion to the elder. Her voice is a high soprano of quite extraordinary power in one so young, of a clear, penetrating, and thoroughly sweet tone, of flexibility fit to do ample justice to the brilliant "Carnavale de Venise" (Benedict's), and a range that can ring out E natural (third line above the treble stave) with ease, with ample force, and with perfect purity of intonation. This young lady was taken into the good graces of the audience as soon as she had sung the first two bars of her first selection. The pieces she sang were given in the following order, namely - the cavatina "O love, for me thy power" ("Como per me"), from "La Sonnambula," as an encore she gave "I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls." In the second part of the entertainment she sang Eily O'Connor's song "I'm alone," from the "Lily of Killarney," and then the culminating effect of her triumphant debut was achieved in her really finished and highly artistic rendering of the "Carnavale de Venise" above mentioned. The "Kissing Duet," from "Galathee," by Von Suppe, which was the last number on the programme, and which was sung by both the sisters, we did not care much about. Miss Martina Simonsen is already fit for great undertakings in the way of singing. She is from this moment a "somebody" in art. She lacks experience as a matter of course, and the development of mind which time will bring about will teach her higher artist flights than she dreams of at present, but already she has rare powers, and has proved herself to be an apt pupil of an excellent teacher.

[News], The Argus (3 November 1881), 6

... Miss Martina Simonsen showed the high quality of her vocal training in a very correct and spirited performance of the high soprano air "Gli angui d'Inferno," from Mozart's "Magic Flute." This was encored, and was replaced by Balfe's "Power of Love," from "Satanella," also well sung.

[News], Table Talk (25 October 1889), 16

Mr. Jules Simonsen, a son of Madame Fanny Simonsen, has been winning great admiration for his performance of Ralph Rackstraw in Pinafore, recently given in Albury. Mr. Simonsen was born in Melbourne in 1867, and already shows every indication of following in the footsteps of his clever parents.

"THE SIMONSEN FAMILY", Referee (11 July 1917), 14

"AUSTRALIA'S GREAT ONES", Arrow (9 November 1917), 3

I have written at various times in these columns in admiration of the lovely voice and beautiful personality of Frances Saville, the daughter of Fanny and Martin Simonsen, who left here in 1891 to study under Marchesi, a course unnecessary in the opinion of judges. She was prima donna for years at the Royal Opera House of Brussels and Vienna, was the favorite soprano at Petrograd (St. Petersburg) during several seasons, was preferred in Paris by some critics to Melba, and also had a high London reputation. One need not go outside of the Simonsen family to find another operatic star who has won favor abroad. Frances Saville's niece, Frances Adler, is now Madame Alda, a prima donna of the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, and the wife of Cosazza, the conductor there. Madam Alda's mother, Leonora Simonsen, and her sister, Martina Simonsen, were also the possessors of fine and well-trained voices. As I have before stated, it happened more than once during a Simonsen operatic season that the four leading feminine parts were entrusted to Madame Simonsen and her three talented daughters, Leonora, Martina, and Frances, all of whom have sung with high approval outside of Australia. I had almost forgotten Jules Simonsen - brother to the three sisters - whose light tenor was very popular some years ago in America.

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 April 1953), 14 


Vocalist (a German)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Argus (26 July 1853), 5 

... M. Valere's place was filled by Mr. Simonson, a Gorman, whose efforts were not very successful ...


Bugler (51st Regiment)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846
Died India 1846/47

See also Band of the 51st Regiment


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST REGIMENT IN INDIA", The Courier (15 May 1847), 2

We regret to record that, since the arrival of the head-quarters of this fine regiment in the China and Agincourt, at Bangalore, there have been many deaths, among whom we may mention ... sergeant Jones (of the band,) ... Kelly (of the band,) Simpson (of the buglers.)


Bandsman (H.M.S. Carysfort)

Visiting Sydney, NSW, August 1845


"FLEECING NEPTUNE'S MUSICIANS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1846), 2

Yesterday morning, about two o'clock, Walter Simpson, a bandsman on board H. M. S Carysfort, gave a female named Mary Ann Smith in charge to Constable Grogan, for stealing 2s. from his pocket. The same woman was also charged by Henry Locket, another bandsman of the same ship, with stealing 10s. 6d from his pocket. It appeared in evidence that they were riding in a cab with prisoner, and when they alighted in George-street their money was gone, there was 9s. found on the prisoner, one half-crown of which Simpson claimed as his. The prisoner was brought before the Bench yesterday forenoon, and discharged, as the proof was defective.

SIMPSON, William

Clarinettist, clarionet player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


... Mr. Simpson, in the first-part, performed a solo on the clarionet ("Tyrolese") with finished accuracy and in excellent tone. He was loudly and deservedly applauded ...

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT", The Mercury (31 March 1869), 2

"TOWN HALL PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Mercury (8 June 1869), 2

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. BIGGS", The Mercury (30 June 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 July 1869), 1

"SIGNOR GAGLIARDI'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Mercury (12 July 1869), 2

"PROMENADE CONCERT", The Mercury (13 July 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 September 1869), 1

"MUSIC AT THE BOTANICAL GARDENS", The Mercury (30 January 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 May 1878), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (6 January 1881), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (12 April 1889), 3

SUNDAY CONCERT. The GARRISON BAND (by permission of the Commandant) will give a CONCERT in the Barrack reserve NEXT SUNDAY AFTERNOON, commencing at 3 o'clock. The proceeds will be for the benefit of MR. WILLIAM SIMPSON (an old musician) and family who are in very reduced circumstances. The public, doubtless, are aware that no charge can be made for these afternoon concerts, but all who enter the gates are expected to put a Coin in the Boxes.

"BENEFIT CONCERT", The Mercury (25 June 1892), 3

At the Temperance Hall last evening a benefit concert was tendered to Mr. William Simpson, who met with a serious accident some time ago. There was a good attendance, and the receipts were, if not up to the expectation of the organisers of the movement, at least equal to the occasion. A number of minstrel songs and eccentricities were well delivered, and reaped the benefit of applause. "The convict's return," a song by the recipient of the favours of those who were interested in the concert, was well delivered.

"DEATHS", Advocate (24 April 1924), 2 

SIMPSON. - On April 22, 1924, at 74 Counsel street, Zeehan, Mary, widow of William Simpson, bandmaster of Queen Victoria's 99th Regiment.


Bandmaster, violinist, publican

Born ? Derby, England, baptised 31 October 1841 (from a family history)
Active Wagga Wagga, NSW, by 1870


? "OFFICIAL BULLETIN", Colonial Times (25 July 1851), 3

"MONSTER CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (30 October 1869), 2

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (29 January 1870), 2

"WAGGA WAGGA BAND CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (11 May 1870), 2

A very excellent concert was given on Monday night at the Court House in aid of the Flood Relief Fund by the Wagga Band, assisted by the Eastwick family and several amateurs. The Band performed several of their best pieces with great success, and certainly do great credit to their skilful band-master, Mr. Simpson, who must have taken no small pains to bring his band in so short a time up to such comparative perfection.

"WAGGA WAGGA POLICE COURT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (15 February 1871), 2

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

Sir, - Among the many evidences of progress in the lively little town of Wagga, during the last year or two, the study, of music has been conspicuous. The town band (consisting of about a dozen tradesmen) led the van by engaging an instructor for twelve months, and resolutely practising under him till they hid attained a tolerably degree of proficiency. After a short interval, the late bandmaster (Mr. Simpson) having left the town, the band has just been reorganised, and has effected an engagement, for another twelve months' tuition, with Mr. Schlue, a German professor of music, under whose zealous conduct hard practice for two or three hours is enforced three times a week ...


Musician, contra bass player, band master

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860-64


"BALLARAT WEST FIRE BRIGADE", The Star (20 October 1860), 1s

"CHARLIE NAPIER CONCERT HALL", The Star (25 February 1861), 3


"The Ballarat Harmonic Society ...", The Star (23 September 1864), 1s

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s


Vocalist (From the London and Provincial Theatres), actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1853), 5 

ROYAL HOTEL. MR. SINCLAIR has the honor to announce that he intends giving a Vocal and Instrumental Concert, at the above Hotel, on THURSDAY, September 8th, when he will be assisted by the following artistes: Mrs. St. John Adcock, Miss Flora Harris, Mr. Roby, Mr. Ford, and Herr Hoffman. A. F. FORD, Agent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1853), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL. GRAND CONCERT. THIS EVENING, Monday, September 12th, 1853.
Miss Flora Harris, Mr. Sinclair (from the London and Provincial Theatres, his first appearance in this colony.) Mr. John Howson, Mr. Roby, Mr. A. Ford, and Mr. Ferdinand Rosenstein, the celebrated Pianist. MR. SINCLAIR begs to inform the public that his concert, which was postponed on Thursday Evening, in consequence of an accident in the family of Mrs. St. John Adcock, will positively take place THIS EVENING, when he hopes to meet with the same support so generously afforded him on that occasion.
Programme: - PART I:
Overture - Mr. Ferdinand Rosenstein
Ballad - The Voice that bids us Welcome
Home - Wrighton, - Mr. John Howson.
Ballad - In Happy Moments - Wallace,- Mr. Roby
Ballad - There is a Flower that Bloometh Wallace - Mr. Sinclair.
Ballad - Phoebe Morel - Miss Flora Harris.
Grand Scena - All is Lost Now - Bellini - Mr. John Howson.
Duet - Gently Sighs the Breeze - Miss Flora Harris and Mr. John Howson.
Overture - Mr. Ferdinand Rosenstein.
Ballad - I Must Depart from Thee - Glover - Mr. Sinclair, first time in this colony.
Pestal - Mr. Roby.
Ballad - When we Recall the Happy Scenes - Balfe - Mr. John Howson.
Ballad - When I left my Nornma Valleys - Meyerbeer - Miss Flora Harris.
Comic Song - Mr. Ford.
Recitative and Air - Death of Nelson - Braham - Mr. Sinclair.
Duet - What are the Wild Waves Saying - Miss Flora Harris and Mr. John Howson.
Tickets for front seats only, to be had at the Royal Hotel, and all principal music sellers. Admission - Front seats, 4s.; back seats, 3s. Commence at Eight o'clock precisely.

"GEELONG", The Argus (5 October 1853), 4 

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 November 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. Mrs. HANCOCK and Mr. ST CLAIR'S Classical, Vocal, and Dramatic Entertainment. Tuesday, November 16th ...

SINCLAIR, Frederick

Teacher of music, music critic (Australian Town and Country Journal), poet, journalist, editor, lecturer, composer

Born Dublin, ? 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1848
Active NSW, by 1855
Died Marrickville, NSW, 31 December 1903, "65 years a journalist ... in his 92nd year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


It is perhaps likely that Sinclair was responsible for some of the music reporting and criticism in the Empire in the earlier 1850s. In the second half of the decade, he was active in various country centres as a popular lecturer on a wide range of subjects. In his 1858 lecture on music Sinclair mentioned Wagner's Flying Dutchman, one of the very earliest documented references to Wagner in Australian sources. Sinclair is unlikely to have had firsthand knowledge of any of the music, however, and was probably speaking from reports he had read in imported British press. As of August 2018, there is no bibliographic record of his 1874 journal publication, Mind and matter, having survived.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 March 1855), 3

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Illawarra Mercury (15 July 1858), 2

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1867), 2

"Mind and matter ... ", Empire (1 June 1874), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1904), 4

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 January 1904), 55

Mr. Frederick Sinclair, one of the oldest journalists in Now South Wales, died at his residence, Renwick-street, Marrickville, on December 31, at the advanced age of 92. The deceased gentle man was a native of Dublin, Ireland, and, after having been connected with journalistic work in England for some years, he came to Sydney in 1848, being accompanied by his wife and son. Shortly after his arrival in New South Wales he became connected with "The Empire" newspaper, which subsequently became incorporated with the "Evening News." During the fifties, he was associated with the "Northern Times" in the Hunter River district, and was one of the founders of the Maitland School of Arts. Subsequently, he became the editor of the "Braidwood Dispatch," and a few years later purchased the "Illawarra Express." He then threw up newspaper work, and for some time was engaged as a teacher under the old Council of Education. Later on, he joined the staff of the "Town and Country Journal," and an article of his appeared in its first number. He remained on the "T. and C." for many years, during which time he was the musical critic for that paper. Although he had been ailing for the past 18 months, death was practically due to senile decay. The demise of his wife, six months ago, was a great shock to him, and since that time he gradually failed. He leaves two children, Mrs. M. Eagar, and Dr. Henry Sinclair, of 213 Elizabeth-street, Sydney. The funeral took place on January 2.

Musical works:

"My own New England home", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 October 1881), 27

The wedding hymn (referred to in 1874 above)

The stolen child (ballad opera) (1874)

SINCOCK, Joyce Flamank (Miss)


Born ? Andover, England, 11 July 1844
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? mid 1860s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1904, aged 60


[News], The Argus (6 August 1868), 5

We have received a copy of a set of quadrilles, entitled the "Abyssinian Quadrilles", composed by J. F. Sincock, and published by Messrs. Turner and Gill, of Flinders lane. The title-page, which hears the name of Charles Turner, is an exceedingly good and creditable specimen of chromo-lithography, and the musical notation is lithographed in a style certainly better than that of any similar colonial publication we remember to have met with. We cannot say anything in praise of the music. Notwithstanding the circumstance that the proofs have been corrected without due care, and that, in consequence, notes evidently not intended by the composer appear here and there in the course of the composition, in many instances the harmonies obviously intended are altogether wrong, the progressions are sometimes grammatically incorrect, the chords are occasionally badly arranged, and generally the melodies (the melodies of dance music should always be striking) are of the most common-place character. After a dozen or so more attempts, under the supervision of some well-skilled tutor, the composer, who has undoubtedly a turn for musical composition, may possibly produce a set of quadrilles worthy of publication. However, our present author is not singular in "rushing into print'" without having first submitted his or her manuscript to the judgment of an experienced connoisseur.

"EXCELSIOR CLASS. TO THE EDITOR", The Independent (4 July 1885), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 October 1904), 9

Musical works:

The Abyssinian quadrilles (by J. F. Sincock; 1 Zulla, 2 Senafe, 3 Adigerat, 4 Dalanta, 5 Magdala) (Melbourne: Turner & Gill, [1868]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Diary of Mary Louisa Sincock, 10 February to 3 March 1869

Describes family life in Melbourne; also contains dates of births, marriages and other biographical details of the Sincock family

SINGER, John McDonald

Violinist, clerk

Born England, c. 1814
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1839
Died Hobart, TAS, 18 May 1866, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Singer appeared regularly as a violinist in Hobart concerts between 1839 and 1846, often playing second or third to Joseph Gautrot. When Gautrot's "real Cremona" fiddle was raffled in 1846 to raise him cash, Singer won the instrument. One of his violins appeared in the Tasmanian Exhibition in 1895.


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (26 February 1839), 1 

MR. PECK begs leave respectfully to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, and'its vicinity, that it is his intention to give a
Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, to take place on the Evening of
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY THE 26th 1839 . . .
Duett Concertante - Two Violins, Messrs Peck and Singer - Bruni . . .
. . . The Orchestra will consist of the following performers:-
1st Violins, Messrs Peck and Russell. - 2nd Violins, Messrs Singer and Dyer. - Viola and Clarionett, Mr Reichenberg. - Violoncello, Gentleman Amateur, from the Liverpool Concerts - Flute, Mr. Duly, Bandmaster, 2 French Horns, 2 Bassoons, Serpent and Ophecleide, 2 Oboes, 2 Clarionets, Trumpet and Drum, 51st regiment.
Piano Forte by a Lady amateur from the Liverpool Concerts.
Mr Russell will preside at the Piano Forte . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 February 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1

"MRS. GATTEY HOPKINS'S BALL", Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 June 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Observer (1 July 1845), 1

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (6 February 1846), 3

"GAUTROT'S FIDDLE", The Courier (14 March 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3


1866, Deaths in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1147012; RGD35/1/7 no 6226 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (21 May 1866), 1

"Tasmanian International Exhibition", The Mercury (4 March 1895), 3

In the interesting collection of violins exhibited by Messrs. Walch & Sons is a very old instrument, the maker being the celebrated German violin-maker, Jacob Stainer, who was born in 1616 and died in 1683. The instrument is the property of Mr. [Alfred] Singer, dentist, Macquarie-street, in whose family it had been for 160 years previous to his father's death in 1845 [sic]. His father used to lend it to Professor Toms when playing obbligato to Jenny Lind's songs. It is in an excellent state of preservation, and has an exquisite tone. Jacob Stainer, it is said, worked at Cremona under Antonius or Nicholas Amati, and made violins of special excellence. He was the first to introduce into Germany the Italian principles of construction, and which are the principles of sonority. Some trace his models to the early Tyrolean viol-makers, but in the opinion of other authorities the peculiarities of the Stainer violins are strictly original. They are now very rare and valuable.

SIPP, Rudolph (Rudolf; Rodolfo; Herr SIPP)

Pianist, violinist, composer

Born Leipzig, Germany, 16 February 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by September 1865
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1866


A detailed account of Sipp's world travels through America, the Pacific, Asia, and anticipating his arrival in Australia, appeared in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (10 March 1865). Having played in Victoria in August and arrived in Sydney in September 1865, in December he advertised over a dozen compositions, many of them souvenirs of his travels to date, for sale at the major music retailers:

Fantasia on Linda di Chamounix [perhaps the work he later repackaged as Souvenir de North Shore, see below]

Les bomberos de Valparaiso [suggesting he may have had contact there with the former Australian firefighter-composer James Aquinas Reid]

Julia mazurka de concert

Fantasia brillante on Traviata

Traversée de l'isthme of Panama

March brillante

Samacueca milena de salon

Rosa valse brillante

Jena mazurka de concert

Adios notturno

El carnival de Huacho

1st fantasia on Trovatore

Las canpanas de Chorillos

Le rêve caprice etude

Deutche Lieder

Romance variée

Polonaise brillante.

His piano solo arrangement of the popular American civil war ballad Dear mother I've come home to die ("Op. 41") was published in Sydney in June 1866 [piano solo] (third edition: Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [18-]).

At Sipp's July concert he and Alfred Anderson performed the Souvenir de North Shore (Grand Duo, composed and arranged for two Pianos, on Linda di Camounix [by] R. Sipp), as well as other piano works (the Deane brothers' string quartet also assisted). He failed to appear at his concert in September 1866, having apparently skipped town.


"Nachrichten", Neue berliner Musikzeitung (12 March 1862), 85

"Tagesgeschichte", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (21 March 1862), 99

"Vermischtes", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (10 March 1865), 95

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1865), 1

"CONCERT AT THE STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 July 1865), 3

"HERR RUDOLPH SIPP", Empire (22 September 1865), 4

"AMUSEMENTS", Illustrated Sydney News (16 October 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1865), 10

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1866), 8

"HERR SIPP THE PIANIST ...", Illustrated Sydney News (16 August 1866), 4

HERR SIPP, THE PIANIST, WAS born at Leipzig, on the 16th of February, 1836, where his father is still an active member of the musical profession. Amongst many eminent pupils of Herr Sipp's father, we may mention the name of Richard Wagner, the celebrated composer. After Herr Sipp left school, he went to Berlin and studied under Marks Stern and Cullak [Kullak]; and in 1855 he composed an opera, entitled "Le Deserteur", which has never been performed, and perished five years later in the celebrated fire of Valparaiso, hence the so popular composition of Herr Sipp, "Los Bomberos (the Firemen) de Valparaiso", which has gained immense popularity in South America, and which was played at Herr Sipp's last concert, as an encore, with Mr. Anderson. Before Herr Sipp left Europe, he played in Berlin and Leipzig with great success; and on his arrival in Valparaiso in the month of September, 1857, and at many towns along the west coast, he gave the first concerts ever heard in that remote region. There he had to play for amber, instead of the usual recompense, gold and silver. After two years travelling, he went to Lima, where he conducted the opera; In his journeyings he visited nearly all the South American republics, went to Panama and the West Indies, and from thence to Europe after an absence of nearly five years. From that time to the present he has seen nearly all parts of the globe, including Paris, London, Berlin, Leipzig, Rome, the United States, as well as Lima and California, the Sandwich Islands, China, Japan, the Phillipine islands, Java, Sumatra, and finally Sydney. As a pianist, Herr Sipp belongs more to the saloon than to the concert room. There is no doubt the piano, when it is properly played, belongs more to the drawing room than to the large concert room; for the latter it is necessary to play for effect, while the saloon is more suitable to listen to the fine pianissimos in which Herr Sipp excels. In San Francisco Herr Sipp gave a great concert, where his "Fireman's March" was performed on ten pianos, with two performers at each. He conducted choral societies in several places, including the "Qintra" in San Francisco, and the Musical Society in Honolulu, where he had the honour to have the patronage of Queen Emma as a pupil. Herr Sipp has for the present settled in Sydney, and practises his profession. He gave his first concert during the past month. There was a crowded house, and we understand he intends giving another concert shortly.

"PROMENADE CONCERT AT THE PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1866), 4


... the audience, which was not very numerous, were doomed to complete disappointment, so far as Mr. Sipp was concerned, who neither appeared, apologised, or proved an alibi. Whatever may have been the cause of his absence, an apology was due ... and one can scarcely conceive a cooler insult (in the absence of further information) being offered to the public than that of last night. ... However, that clever young pianist, Mr. Alfred Anderson, was asked at a moment's notice to supply Herr Sipp's place, and he, after some little and not unnatural hesitation, consented to do so, and played some of the music from Gounod's "Faust" in such a brilliant style as to obtain an irresistible encore.

"THE THEATRES", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 September 1866), 3

SIPPE, George

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1826; died 1842

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