THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Monday 4 September 2023 9:16

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Will-Wiz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Will-Wiz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 24 September 2023

- W - ( Will - Wiz ) -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in July 2022, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to the end of 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1834; ? Sydney, NSW, April 1835 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 August 1834), 2

Theatre, Argyle Rooms. TO-MORROW Evening, (Wednesday,) will be produced a New Ballet, called RIVAL LOVERS.
In the course of the Evening, Miss Williams will sing "Oh, give me but my Arab Steed," being her 2nd appearance.

ASSOCIATIONS: Theatre Argyle Rooms (Hobart venue)

MUSIC: Oh give me but my Arab steed (G. A. Hodson)

"Deane's Theatre", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (26 August 1834), 2 

. . . Every person who had any taste for music must admire the musical talent of Mr. Deane's family, and wish to see him succeed in providing for them. Mrs. Henson sings well in general, and is a favourite with the audience. - Little Miss Watson is a fine smart child - dances well, and possesses confidence beyond her years, but we confess, that we are sorry to see the poor child on the stage. The new debutante, Miss Williams, has a fine strong clear voice; but her singing had certainly no reference to the music - she may improve . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician, proprietor); Mrs. Henson (actor, vocalist); Miss Watson (actor, vocalist)

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian [[Sydney, NSW] (7 April 1835), 2 

To-morrow evening a Miss Williams, lately arrived from London, is to make her debut on the boards of this theatre as a vocalist; we have had the pleasure of hearing this lady sing, and can assure our playgoing friends that they will experience a rich treat . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Theatre Royal (Sydney venue)

WILLIAMS, Mr. (Mr. WILLIAMS) probably = Francis WILLIAMS

Amateur vocalist, songwriter

Active Sydney, NSW, 1810 (first Sydney race week, 15-19 October 1810) (shareable link to this entry)

Anachreon in heaven

The Anacreontic song, as sung at the Crown & Anchor Tavern in the Strand, the words by Ralph Tomlinson [music by John Stafford Smith] (London: A. Bland, c. 1790) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Stafford Smith (English composer, organist)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 October 1810), 3 

A CARD. The Subscribers to the Sydney Race Course are informed, that the Stewards have made Arrangements for two Balls during the Race Week, Tuesday and Friday.
Tickets at 7s. 6d. each to be had at Mr. E. WILLS's, George Street.

"THE SUBSCRIBERS' BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1810), 2

On Tuesday and Thursday night was honoured with the presence of His Excellency the Governor and Lady; His Honor the Lieut. Governor and Lady; the Judge Advocate and Lady; the Magistrates, and other Officers Civil and Military, and all the Beauty and Fashion of the Colony. Over the door of the Ball-room a Transparency was placed, of the Royal Arms of the United Kingdoms; the full band of the 73d played off "God save the King" in exquisite style, and between the country dances filled the room with other melodious and appropriate airs.

The business of the meeting could not fail of diffusing a universal glow of satisfaction - the celebration of the first liberal amusement instituted in the Colony, and in the presence of its Patron and Founder. The Ballroom was occupied till about two o'clock when part of the company retired, and those that chose to remain formed into a supper party. After the cloth was removed the rosy deity asserted his pre-eminence, and with the zealous aid of Momus and Apollo chased pale Cynthia down into the western world. The blazing orb of day announced his near approach; and the God of the Chariot reluctantly forsook his company: Bacchus drooped his head, and Momus could no longer animate. The bon vivants no longer relishing the tired Heathens, broke up, and left them to themselves.

The Dinners at Mr. Wills's, George-street, were attended by many of the Subscribers and their Friends; who did not separate till late each night of Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. After dinner many loyal Toasts were drank, and in the evening mirth and good humour floated round the board; and upon the last evening, Mr. Williams, one of the Stewards, sung the following Song, prepared for the festive occasion: -

Tune - "To Anachreon in Heav'n."

Oft the Bards of old Times, and the minstrel's gay strains
Have the sports of the Chase, all transcendant reveal'd;
Sung of Nimrod's exploits on the wide spreading plains,
And from Dian's bright charms trac'd the charms of the field.
Whilst the turf's native green,
Ever hallow'd has been,
And a contest more glorious enliven'd the scene;
When the high mettled Racer, proud, pampered, and gay,
Bore the meed of his prowess triumphant away.

These sports are confin'd to no climate or shores,
But regions remote shall new Patrons secure them,
Like the orb in the east which all nature adores,
They have dawn'd on our land, and 'tis ours to mature them!
No longer a waste,
As in rude ages past,
Shall our turf be forsaken by Beauty and Taste,
But impart to the high mettled racer so gay,
Fresh ardour to bear the proud trophy away.

The smiles of the Fair, like Spring's fostering breath,
Shall rear the young scion, and teach it to shoot;
Round the temples of Beauty we'll twine the fresh wreath,
And Love's hallow'd altars shall teem with the fruit.
Then leave cynics to rail,
Our voice shall prevail
And the sons of the Turf their fair favorites hail;
Whilst long for their sakes shall the sports of to-day,
The high mettled racer's fleet prowess display!

When these plaudits are lost in the arch of high Heav'n,
A strain more exalted shrill echo shall send:
'Tis the suffrage of Gratitude, cordially giv'n,
To our Patron - our Chief - our Protector, and Friend!
To Him whose calm voice
Makes his people rejoice -
That the Friend to Mankind is their Sovereign's choice!
And long may his mild and beneficent sway,
Enhance - whilst it sanctions the sports of today!

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 73rd Regiment (military band)

MUSIC: The Anacreontic song [To Anacreon in heaven] (song)

Bibliography and resources:

Mark Dunn, "Hyde Park racecourse", Dictionary of Sydney (2008) 



Born Scotland, c. 1821
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1852 (per Queen of Sheba, from Sydney, NSW, January 1852, aged "31") (shareable link to this entry)


Names and descriptions of passengers per Queen of Sheba, from Sydney, January 1852, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . - Williams / 31 / Musician / Scotch . . .

WILLIAMS, Charles (Charles WILLIAMS; Charley WILLIAMS; Charles Ramsay WILLIAMS)

Musician, vocalist, comic vocalist, delineator, comedian, actor, manager

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Married (?) Margaret HIGGINS, VIC, c. 1855-56
Active Heathcote, VIC, until 1868 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WILLIAMS, Margaret (Margaret HIGGINS; Mrs. Charles WILLIAMS; Mrs. William LETTICE; Mrs. Hugh JUNOR)

Vocalist, comic vocalist

Born London, England, c. 1834 / c. 1837; daughter of Patrick HIGGINS and Margaret HAGGERTY
Married (1 ?) Charles WILLIAMS, VIC, c. 1855-56
Married (2) William LETTICE, VIC, 1863
Married (3) Hugh JUNOR, VIC, 1877
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 2 September 1907, aged "73" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Charles Williams and his partner Margaret Higgins may never have married, despite claiming to have done so (on different dates and places) in their children's birth certificates, in which Charles was described as a vocalist.

All three of their registered children survived, Charles Prahran Williams, born in Prahran in 1857 (d. 1938), Amelia Margaret Williams, in Eaglehawk in 1859 (d. 1941), and Albert Naham Williams, in Redbank in 1862 (d. 1928). By 1863 the couple had evidently separated, and Margaret married William Lettice.

DISAMBIGUATION: Charles (Charley) Williams (landlord and caterer, Elizabeth-street, Melbourne, by 1856; later of Dunedin, NZ)


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Andrew, Holborn, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1527/176/80 (PAYWALL)

Patrick Higgins / Head / Widower / 50 / Bricklayer's Laborer / [born] Ireland
Margaret [Higgins] / daur. / 14 / Servant / [born] Midd'x Whitechapel

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (22 August 1855), 8 

CONCERT HALL of the Union Hotel, Bourke-street.
Mrs. Vincent, "Star of Bendigo," Continues to attract large and respectable houses every evening. She is assisted by
Mr. S. King [sic], the well-known Instrumentalist and Vocalist,
Mr. C. Williams, the admired Local and Comic singer, and
Mr. J. R. Vincent, the favorite Pianist and Vocalist, who offer to the public a most varied and amusing evening's entertainment.
Admission, by refreshment ticket, One Shilling. Doors open at half-past seven, commences at eight o'clock precisely.
Conductor and Pianist, Mr. J. R. Vincent.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Rimmer Vincent (pianist) and wife (vocalist); Thomas King (vocalist, instrumentalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1856), 10 

CREMORNE GARDENS, The Vauxhall of Victoria! Manager - Mr. P. Scott.
GRANDEST GALA OF THE SEASON, Easter Monday, 24th March . . .
Those favorite vocal artistes, Mr. and Mrs. Williams, will make their first appearance,
and sing some of their most popular songs and duets . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Cremorne Gardens (Melbourne venue)

1857, births in the district of Prahran in the Colony of Victoria; BDM VIC

No. 963 / [born] Fourth April 1857 Greville Street Prahran / [name] Charles Prahran / Boy /
[father] Charles Williams Vocalist 26 [born] Mary le Bone Middlesex /
[married] 4 May 1856 [at] Geelong / [mother] Margaret Higgins 18 [born] Holborn London . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1857), 8 

GEELONG MUSIC HALL, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel. - Mr. WILLIAMS will make a appearance in his Shakspearian comicalities.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1857), 8 

TILKE'S CITY CONCERT HALL . . . Mr. Tilke . . .
has succeeded in making ENGAGEMENTS with the following talented artistes -
Mrs. Vincent; soprano; Mrs. Williams, comic; Mr. Shepherd, baritone; Mr. Youle, comic; Mr. McDonald, tenore; Messrs. Keely and Anderson, the celebrated bagpipe-players and Messrs. Reeves and Huntley, serenaders.
Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. J. R. Vincent.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Tilke (proprietor); Joseph Youle (vocalist); James McDonald (vocalist); Tilke's City Concert Hall (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (14 April 1858), 3 


ASSOCIATIONS: Georgina Bourn (musician, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (21 August 1858), 1 

First Appearance of Miss Barnett, Mr. and Mrs. Evans, and Mr. Charley Williams.
Interlude - Comic Song - Mr. Williams; Medley Dance - Miss Barnett; Local Song - Mr. Williams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard A'Beckett Evans and wife (actors, vocalists)

"VICTORIA HOTEL", Bendigo Advertiser (6 December 1858), 3 

The concert-room on Saturday night at the Victoria was, as usual, crowded; the indefatigable exertions of the proprietor to provide his patrons with ever varied and always excellent entertainments have rendered the place one of the best of the kind on Bendigo. Mrs. Byrne, whose artistic singing has established her as a great favorite with the frequenters of the place, sang some of the most popular melodies of the day in a style that called for repeated encores. The juvenile songster, Mister Burgess, was also warmly applauded in his songs. The comical portion of the harmonic Entertainment was capitally represented by Charley Williams, a singer who, to a very judicious selection of humorous ditties, adds a comic delivery in singing them that has already won for him - although he has not appeared more than a few nights on this stage - golden opinions from the audience. He makes up for some of his "character songs" in a style truly laughable.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Byrne (vocalist); Master Burgess (vocalist)

1859, births in the district of [Bendigo / Sandhurst] in the Colony of Victoria; BDM VIC

No. 41 / September 24th 1859 Eagle Hawk / Amelia Margaret Williams / Female /
[father] Charles Williams Vocalist Age 28 years [born] London England /
Married at Melbourne 4th May 1855 / [mother] Margaret Higgins . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald [NSW] (10 November 1860), 12 

TOLANO'S SALOON. - New Comic Songs in character, by Frank Short and Charlie Williams, TO-NIGHT.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Short (vocalist)

1861, births in the district of Barkly in the Colony of Victoria; BDM VIC

No. 110 / September Fifteenth 1861 Redband / Albert Naham / male /
[father] Charles Williams [occupation] Miner [age] Thirty One [born] Hertfordshire England /
[married] June Third 1855 Melbourne / Margaret Higgins . . .

[News], The Kyneton Observer [VIC] (22 November 1862), 2 

That indefatigable caterer for the amusement of the public, Mr. Gregory of the Kyneton Theatre, has succeeded in securing the services of come valuable additions to his Theatrical Company, who will make their first appearance this evening. Amongst them are Miss Louisa St. Ainge, a very accomplished actress; the celebrated comedian, Mr. Charles Williams, a fellow of infinite humour; Mr. Greaves an actor of considerable merit, who with our old friend Mr. Lindsay, and other members of the old company cannot fail of affording a very gratifying and rational entertainment.

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (26 May 1863), 1 

BALTIC HOTEL, Pitt-street. - Great Attractions to-night, -
A Grand CHALLENGE DANCE between Mr. H. NINETY and Mr. S. JOHNSON, Americans, -
with Mr. H. Ninety's favourite banjo duet.
Also, new songs, duets, &c., by CHARLEY WILLIAMS and FRANK SHORT. Admission, free.

"THE CONCERT ROOMS", The McIvor Times and Rodney Advertiser [Heathcote, VIC] (27 May 1864), 2

On Saturday night Miss McDonald, Charley Williams, and Dan. Golding were well received by a crowded house at the Heathcote. The celebrated instrumentalist, Harry Goulston, at the Emen, performed musical feats on several instruments at the same time . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harry Goulstone (musician)

"MR. IVERSON'S FAREWELL BENEFIT", The McIvor Times and Rodney Advertiser (15 July 1864), 2

. . . The evening's performance commenced with a burlesque of Fra Diavolo, which adds another proof that Charley Williams, as stage manager, will not succumb to slight difficulties or inconveniences. The stage is too small for such a piece, but, notwithstanding this drawback, the piece was very creditably played. Beppo, the heavy Brigand of Charley Williams was, in every respect, a great hit. Matteo was played by Dan Golding in a style that is only excelled by his Scotch version of the Ratcatcher's Daughter, which he sang in the interlude . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louis Iverson (musician); Daniel Golding (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 October 1866), 8 


ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Youle (vocalist, comedian)

"THE HEATHCOTE CONCERT HALL", The McIvor Times and Rodney Advertiser (30 October 1868), 2 

This old and popular concert hall was re-opened on Saturday evening with a new company, which however included an old local favourite, John Williams, the artificial chinaman and [REDACTED], and another who may by right of long residence fairly claim the freedom of McIvor, Charley Williams, who has done good service in amusing those who seek a few hours' relaxation on Saturday night at this place of amusement. The new element in the company consists of Mr. McGee, a very clever comic vocalist, his fort [sic] is Irish characteristic songs and in these he excels . . .


Vocalist, oratorio and psalmody singer, teacher of sacred music, carpenter

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838-39 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DISAMBIGUATION: ? Daniel Williams (convict, per William Metcalf, 1834, also a carpenter)


"Hobart Town Police Report . . . Wednesday, August 8", Colonial Times (14 August 1838), 7

Mr. Daniel Williams, complained of William Dalglish. - "He deposed he lived in Frederick street, and that defendant passed his house with a cart load of stone, and abused him for throwing rubbish into the road, to which he answered him civily - when defendant said, if he would come out, he would kick him, and spoil his singing. As singing was part of his profession, and defendant being a large man, and himself a little one, he feared he might enforce his threat, and therefore prayed for justice."
Alexander McKay - "heard and saw the affray; did not hear defendant call complainant a d----d humbug; I certainly heard him threaten to kick him, and spoil his singing."
It appeared that very high words passed, and the monstrous difference, was like to Goliah and David [sic] - yet the little man seemed more frightened than hurt, and defendant was discharged, on giving, security, himself in £10, on condition he wouldn't spoil complainant's singing.

[3 advertisements], Colonial Times (31 December 1839), 2

DANIEL WILLIAMS, Leader of Music in the St. Andrew's Church,
and Member of the Liverpool Festival Choral Society, most respectfully begs leave to acquaint his friends and the public of Hobart Town, that he intends to open a school or Academy of Sacred Music, at his house, No 81, Elizabeth street, so soon as an adequate number of Pupils assemble, of which due notice will be given in a future advertisement.
He trusts from his experience in Oratorio Singing and Psalmody, that he is competent to instruct Pupils in the delightful science of Sacred Music.
Parents and Guardians are respectfully requested to call at his house, where every information will be given. 81, Elizabeth street, Dec 19, 1839.

D. WILLIAMS, Carpenter and Builder, begs most respectfully to return thanks for the kind patronage he has experienced from his friends and the public, and to acquaint them, that he has removed to
JACKSON'S BUILDINGS, No 81, Elizabeth street, where he carrys on his business, in all its branches.
Plans and specifications, with estimates of the expense, will be furnished, and punctually executed.
He also begs to offer himself as Undertaker in all its departments, on the most reasonable terms.
December 19, 1839.

Millinery, Dress, and STAY MAKING.
MRS. WILLIAMS, Milliner, Dress and Stay-maker, most respectfully begs to return her grateful acknowledgements to the public for the liberal patronage with which she has been favoured, and to acquaint them, that she has removed to No. 81, Elizabeth-street, where she will thankfully receive their kind orders, to which, in every department of her business, the very utmost attention will be paid.
*** Two Apprentices wanted.
December 19, 1839.

ASSOCIATIONS: Liverpool Festival Choral Society (English organisation, formed 1828)


Amateur musician, pianist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 2 July 1832; daughter of Thomas WILLIAMS and Mary Ann HEADLAM
Married Thomas HARDWICK, Campbell Town, TAS, 21 April 1858
Died Piper's River, TAS, 15 September 1863, aged 31 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


An owner-bound album of sheet music, recently (as of 2014) discovered in a Launceston opportunity shop, is now in the Peter Sims Collection at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, TAS, under the shelf number CHS37 E.2/9B. Sims's inventory (Sims 2014, 26) shows that it contains mostly London prints of music for piano and harp of the 1830s, but also including a complete run of Henry Mundy's Eight sets of quadrilles (London: Robert Cocks, [? 1837]), copies of which were first advertised for sale in Launceston in April 1838.

Some of the component prints bear the name "Miss Williams", one the date "Sept. 9th 1839", and the end page of the volume "Eleanor Hardwick". Sims (6) reliably identified at least one owner of the book as Eleanor Williams, who married Thomas Hardwick at Campbell-Town in 1858, and suggests that she may have been a young pupil of Mundy, either at Ellinthorpe Hall, or in Launceston c. 1840. Plausibly, a slightly older female relative, also Miss Williams, may previously have owned some of the items.


1841 [sic] Births registered in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1104733; RGD33/1/23/ no 756 (DIGITISED)

No. 956 / Born 2'd July 1832 / Eleanor Williams / [daughter of] Thomas Williams / Mary Ann Headlam now Williams / Merchant

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (5 May 1858), 4

At Vaucluse, the residence of Robert Bayles, Esq., on the 21st ultimo, by the Rev. D. Turnbull, Thomas, second son of C. B. Hardwicke, Esq., to Eleanor, second daughter of the late Thomas Williams, Esq., of Launceston.

"DEATHS", The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (22 September 1863), 2

HARDWICKE. - 15th September at her residence, Pipers River, aged 31 years, Eleanor, the beloved wife of Thomas Hardwicke Esq., and second daughter of the late Thomas Williams, Esq., merchant, of this town.

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Sims, Colonial artist Henry Mundy and his music (Quoiba: Peter Sims, 2014) 

Includes facsimiles of Mundy's Eight sets of quadrilles (1837)


Organ and pianoforte tuner and repairer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1856), 8 

G. WILLIAMS, lately arrived from London, intends following the trade of organ and pianoforte repairing and tuning, and flatters himself that he will receive that support which ability and punctuality combined with moderate charges may hope to realise.
N.B.- Instruments repaired at home if desired.
No. 21, Kent-street North.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1856), 1 

WANTED, to purchase, Pianofortes out of order. G. WILLIAMS, 36, Kent-street West.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 November 1856), 8 

ORGANS, PIANOFORTES, and all kinds of Instruments, tuned and repaired by G. WILLIAMS, 36, King-street West.

WILLIAMS, Henry St. Mordel (Henry St. Mordel WILLIAMS; Harry WILLIAMS; Harry ST. MORDEL)

Musician, pianist, composer

Born London, England, 2 March 1835; baptised St. Luke, Finsbury, 17 February 1837 [sic]; son of Henry WILLIAMS and Charlotte MUMFORD
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Married Emma Maria DEANE (c. 1850-1904), Fitzroy, VIC, 24 September 1868
Died Northcote, VIC, 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Henry St. Mordel Williams and vocalist Emma Maria Deane (c. 1850-1904) had recently been performing together in Melbourne when they married, at the Fitzroy registry, on 24 September 1868. Their daughter, Henrietta May (d. 1950, Mrs. John Smith) was born at Ballarat in 1869.

They had evidently separated permanently by 1874, when Emma married George Harvey Huxley, while Henry continued to perform as Harry St. Mordel.

Henry died at Northcote Convent of the Little Sisters of the Poor in 1894.


[Advertisement], Morning Post [London, England] (10 March 1851), 1 (PAYWALL)

THIRD EDITION - The NIGHT STAR POLKA, Composed and Published by Henry St. Mordel,
and performed by Griffith's Quadrille Bands, at the Nobility's Balls, is ready this day.
Offices, 119, New Bond-street; 196, Cheapside, London, and all Music-sellers; wholesale, 10, London-road, Southwark. - Orders by post attended to.


. . . At the extremity of the gallery we come upon a very fine-toned cottage pianoforte, exhibited by Mr. Joseph Wilkie, of Collins-street, upon which are lying two new compositions by colonial artists. The first is a slightly constructed melody arranged to the well-known lines in Vanity Fair, commencing, "The rose upon the balcony," and is the composition of Mr. C. J. Dawson, a barrister of the Supreme Court of this province. The second is the Victoria Polka, by Mr. H. St. Murdel Williams [sic]. Both pieces have been engraved in the colony, and the copies we saw are highly creditable as a work of art to the exhibitor, Mr. Wilkie . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Wilkie (musicseller, publisher); Charles James Dawson (composer); Exhibition Building (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1855), 8

JUST Published, "The Victoria Polka," and favorite Song, by - Dawson, Esq., "The Rose upon my Balcony."

[Letter list], The Argus (3 November 1855), 10 

. . . 513 Williams, Mordel . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1866), 1 

MR. HARRY WILLIAMS, pianist, open to ENGAGEMENT, or would travel with company. Frayne's Theatre, Dunolly.

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (27 October 1866), 3 

GREAT ATTRACTION. - Bock's Volunteer Concert Hall, Bridge street.
The new Volunteer War Song, sung nightly with side-drum accompaniment.
Admission free. Conductor, Mr. Sack; pianist, Mr. Harry Williams.

[Advertisement], The Herald (11 April 1868), 2 

In this hall are the most varied amusements in the colony.
ACROBATS - Talented ROWLAND TROUPE in their daring acts.
CHRISP SELBY, clog and hornpipe dancer.
Miss DEAN, in her pleasing characteristic songs.
Mr. MARTIN, the noted tenor singer.
Mr. FORD, in his comic characteristic songs.
DANCING in the hall as usual. Commence at Eight o'clock.
Band: Mr. G. Chrystal, violin; Mr. Harry Williams, piano;
Mr. Fred. Denilin, cornet; Mr. W. Williams, drum.
An efficient M.C. in Attendance. C. Wright, proprietor;
Mr. Chrystal, manager. Admission, 6d . . .

Henry St Mordel Williams, marraige, 24 September 1868

Marriage certificate, VIC, 24 September 1868; Victoria Registry BDM

No. 160 / 24th September 1868, Registrar's Fitzroy / Henry St. Mordel Williams / Bachelor / [born] London / Musician / [age] 29 / 41 Smith Street Fitzroy / [son of] Henry St Mordel Williams / Gentleman / Charlotte Williams (Mumford)
Emma Maria Deane / Spinster / [born] Kent England / Vocalist / 17 /
41 Smith Street Fitzroy / [daughter of] Thomas Deane / Carpenter / Elizabeth Deane (Griffiths)

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 December 1869), 1 

MR. HARRY WILLIAMS, Pianist; Miss Deane, serio-comic vocalist, desire ENGAGEMENT. Great Britain Concert hall, Ballarat.

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1874), 1

MESSRS. ST. MORDEL and FORTESCUE (Pianist Violinist, Vocalist) desire ENGAGEMENT (travel). Next Royal Hotel, Flemington-road.

[Advertisement], The Herald (29 September 1879), 1 

COLLOSSEUM. - Mr. D. Harvey, California Sweet Tenor; also, Mr. De Lacey, Funny Negro Comedian, Mr. Henry St Mordel, the eminent pianist.

[Advertisement], The Herald (6 October 1879), 1 

COLOSSEUM. - Mr. A. De Lacy, stylish Irish Comedian. Watty De Lacy, Negro Comedian.
Harry St. Mordel plays seven instruments at one time. Admission, 1s and 6d.

"A WOMAN'S DEATH", Geelong Advertiser (21 April 1904), 1 

The death of a woman named Emma Huxley has been reported to the coroner. The deceased was about 54 years of age, and resided at Brunswick, and was admitted to the Melbourne Hospital about 11.45 to-day as a medical patient, and died within an hour or so. The cause of death was unknown up to the time of the death being reported.

Musical work:

The Victoria polka, composed in honor of the Paris Exhibition, by H. St. Mordel Williams (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

WILLIAMS, Horatio Wright (Horatio Wright WILLIAMS)

Musician, vocalist, pianist, solicitor

Arrived Australia, c. 1837
Active Sydney, NSW, January 1840; Goulburn, NSW, 1844; Gundaroo, near Queanbeyan, until 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Articles of clerkship, 10/19 May 1824; UK National Archives, Affidavits of Articles of Clerkship, III/KB107/2 (PAYWALL)

. . . between Thomas Davis of Abergavenny in the County of Monmouth Gentleman one of the Attorneys of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench . . .
[and] John Williams of Red Lion Square in the County of Middlesex Gentleman and Horatio Wright Williams son of the said John Williams . . .
The said Horatio Wright Williams . . . did place and bind himself Clerk to the said Thomas Davis to serve him in the profession of an Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery . . . for the term of five years . . . this [10 May 1824] . . .

"MARY-LA-BONNE. SAVAGE ATTACK", The Evening Chronicle [London, England] (23 December 1835), 4 (PAYWALL)

Monday, on the arrival of a second magistrate, Mr. Horatio Wright Williams, a fashionably dressed young man, whose father is stated to be a gentleman of large property, residing at Maida-vale, near Paddington, was placed at the bar, charged by Mr. Edward Dyer, a builder, of No. 30, High-street, Camden-town, with the following savage and brutal assault: -

Complainant, who appeared very weak from loss of blood, and whose temples were bound with a large handkerchief, deposed that the prisoner, about month ago, took apartments at his house for himself and wife; on several occasions he absented himself for days together, and, generally speaking, came home very much intoxicated; in consequence of which his wife, who had by her a valuable harp, fearing that he might make away with it, lodged it, for security's sake, with complainant, who placed it in his back parlor. Sunday evening last complainant was fetched from chapel by his daughter, who told him that the prisoner was in the house, quite drunk, and insisted upon removing the instrument; he (complainant) then went home and remonstrated with him upon coming at so unreasonable time, and, desired him to call the following day; he refused to do this, and taunted complainant on being a chapel-goer, well bestowing upon him various insulting and opprobrious names; complainant merely ventured to remark that he (prisoner) would do well to think a little more of religion himself, and not behave like a vagabond, when the latter exclaimed that he did not believe in Christ, and the same instant seized a brass candlestick, which he hurled with all his force at complainant's head, thereby inflicting on his left temple a deep and serious wound, from which the blood flowed copiously down his face. A policeman was sent for, who soon arrived and took the prisoner into custody.

In reply to questions from Mr. Rawlinson, the prisoner said that had been articled to attorney, but was now living upon his own property; admitted having assaulted the complainant, by whom, as he alleged, he was first abused in the most shameful manner.

The Magistrates fined him £5, which be immediately paid.

"MARRIED", Sussex Advertiser [England] (18 April 1836), 3 (PAYWALL)

On Thursday, the 31st of March last, at St. Pancras Church, London, Horatio Wright Williams, Esq., to Anna Maria, youngest Daughter of the late Thomas Crawford, Esq. of Lywood, Sussex.

Australia (by 1839):

"SHOCKING LOW", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 March 1839), 2 

Yesterday a man of very diminutive appearance, glorying under the appellation of Horatio Williams, was placed behind the bar of the Police Office, where he could with great difficulty be seen, charged by a constable with being in blissful state of intoxication, lying on his back in Harrington street at nine o'clock on Sunday morning. Horatio pleaded guilty to the insinuation, and was forthwith ordered to pay five shillings. The same little gentleman was found in a somewhat similar predicament only a few days previously, on which occasion also he became a contributor to the poor fund.

"Police News", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (6 March 1839), 2 

Mr. Horatio Williams was found by a constable lying in Harrington-street on the broad of his back, at eight o'clock on Sunday morning. Being incapable of locomotion, he was mercifully taken up and carried by the constable in his arms to the watchhouse. This morning he was placed at the bar to give a christian-like account of himself, but his plea was, non mi recordo. Fined 5s., or four hours repose in the Bank Stock Company, under direction of the Knights of the Baton. Declining the honor of a share in so un-profitable a concern, Mr. Williams paid the forfeit.

"News and Rumours of the Day", Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 1

Mr. Deane has engaged Mr. Simmons and Mrs. Taylor, of the Victoria, and Mr. Horatio W. Williams, to sing at his weekly soirees. Madame Gautrot appears for the last time at Soiree on Tuesday first.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician); Joseph Simmons (vocalist); Maria Taylor (vocalist); Madame Gautrot (vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1840), 1

CONCERT!!! Mr. Horatio W. Williams
HAS the honor to announce, to his numerous Friends and the Public, that his
Mechanics' School of Arts, on Thursday Jan. 9th, 1840,
upon which occasion Mr. WILLIAMS has secured the valuable services of
Mrs. Taylor and Mr. Simmons, (Late of the Victoria Theatre)
Who in the course of the evening will sing several of their most POPULAR SONGS, and also a favourite COMIC DUETTO.
Mr. Deane and Sons, Assisted by several Auxiliaries, will conduct the Orchestral Department.
The Concert will consist of two parts as follows:
1. Overture, arranged as a trio
2. Song - "The Land" - Mr. Thomson.
4. Song - "The Spell is Broken" - Mr. Williams, accompanied by himself on the Piano.
4. Song - "Adieu then sweet Maid if for ever" - MRS. TAYLOR.
5. Song - (Comic) - "I never says nothing to nobody" - MR. SIMMONS.
6. Duetto, Piano and Violin - Messrs. Deane.
7. Song - "I remember, I remember" - Mr. Williams.
8. Song - "Kate Kearney" - MRS. TAYLOR.
9. Glee - "Oft in the stilly night" - (by particular desire) Messrs. Simmons, Williams, and Thomson.
1. Trio, two Violins and Violincello
2. Song - "The Mountain Rose" - Mrs. TAYLOR.
3. Song - "Hurrah for the Road" - Mr. Thomson.
4. Song - (Comic) - "Beggars and Ballad Singers" - MR. SIMMONS.
5. Solo, Violin - Mayseder - Mr. J. Deane.
6. Song - "'Twere vain to tell Thee" - after the manner of Madame Stockhausen - Mr. Williams.
7. Duet - (Comic) - "When a little Farm we keep" - MRS. TAYLOR and MR. SIMMONS.
8. Celebrated Laughing Glee - Martini - Mr. Deane, Master E. Deane, and Mr. Thomson.
9. Song - "Queen of my Soul" - Mr. Williams.
Finale - "God Save the Queen" - by the whole of the Company.
[manicule] Doors to open at half-past 7 - to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.
TICKETS 5s. Each - to be had at the School of Arts; of Mr. Ellard, George-street, and at the "Australasian Chronicle" office.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Thomson (vocalist, guitarist); John Deane (violinist); Edward Smith Deane (vocalist, cellist); Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue); Margarethe Stockhausen (soprano vocalist, active in Britain, c. 1830s)

MUSIC: The spell is broken (Bellchambers); I remember, I remember (words by Thomas Hood; setting unidentified); Oft in the stilly night (from National melodies, no. 1, Moore and Stevenson); 'Twere vain to tell thee (Stockhausen); Queen of my soul (Wollaston)

"MR. WILLIAMS' CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (14 January 1840), 2

The concert for the benefit of Mr. Horatio W. Williams took place at the Mechanics' School of Arts on Thursday, and we are sorry to say, that Mr. W. did not meet with that share of the public patronage to which his vocal skill entitles him. The entertainments of the evening were well gone through.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1844), 3

TAKE NOTICE, that I, Horatio Wright Williams, Gentleman, formerly of Hunter-street, Brunswick-square, but now, and for some time past, residing at Goulburn, in the county of Argyle, within the colony of New South Wales, do intend to apply to the Honorable the Supreme Court, on the first day of the 4th term, that is to say, on Monday the 14th day of October next, that my name may be entered on the Rolls, as Attorney, Solicitor, and Proctor, of the said Court.
Dated at Goulburn, this 10th day of June, 1844.
WITNESS - William Williams, Attorney of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

Darlinhurst Gaol entrance book, 1880; State Archives NSW (PAYWALL)

[no] 1960 / Horatio Williams / 17 March [1880] / Water Police Court / A purpose to commit some offence / Exam. 24th Mar, 4 April, 14 April / Police / 14 April

Duplicate conveyance; By ANNA MARIA WILLIAMS of Lindfield, widow . . . 4 April 1881; East Sussex Record Office; National Archives UK 

The deed recites the Will of Gibbs Crawfurd late of Paxhill Park, esq., dated 12 April, 1828 and codicil of 3 Oct., 1828, whereby he devised the said farm and all his real estate to his daughter Anna Maria Williams (then Anna Maria Crawfurd) subject to his wife's life interest. The testator died, 19 July, 1830, and his Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 18 Feb, 1831. His wife, the said Martha, died 23 July, 1846. The said Anna married Horatio Wright Williams in 1836 and he went to Australia in 1837 and was never heard of again . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1889), 1 

WILLIAMS, HORATIO WRIGHT - Anyone knowing the whereabouts of Horatio Wright Williams, or who can give satisfactory evidence of his death, on communicating the same to Mr. E. Du Faur, care of Du Faur and Gerard, Pitt-street, Sydney, will be rewarded.
Williams arrived in this colony about the year 1837, and was residing till about 1878 at Gundaroo, near Queanbeyan. In that year he is reported to have left Gundaroo and removed to Wagga Wagga.

"DEATHS", Sussex Agricultural Express (12 February 1898), 4 (PAYWALL)

On the 30th Jan., at Lindfield, Sussex, Anna Maria, widow of Horatio Wright Williams, Esq., and youngest daughter of the late Thomas Gibbs Crawfurd, of Pax Hill Park, aged 84 years.


Musician, singer, songwriter, composer

Active Hobart, TAS, 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE OVERLAND ROUTE", The Mercury (2 September 1861), 2

Mr. Edward Macready has been employed for some time past in the preparation of an entertainment illustrative of the Overland Route. It will comprise a series of paintings introducing all the places of note at which the mail stops, with incidental scenes and appropriate songs. Mr. Macready will undertake the descriptive portion of the entertainment, and the songs will be sung by Mr. J. M. Williams, who is also the composer of the music. It is probable that the entertainment will be ready at an early period.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Macready (b. Edward Neville Bourne Macready, baptised 31 March 1836; ? died Tatura, VIC, 1907, aged "78"), son of William Charles Macready (actor); see Charles Gavan Duffy (author), Conversations with Carlyle (London: 1892), 202-10, especially 207-08 (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (5 September 1861), 1 

Temperance Alliance Rooms.
On Monday. Tuesday, and Wednesday Evenings, and Thursday Afternoon, September 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th,
Mr. Edward Macready WILL EXHIBIT HIS PANORAMA OF THE Overland Route,
Accompanied by original SONGS written for the Entertainment, Music composed by Mr. J. M. Williams; Musical Director, Mr. Russell.
For further details see the bills.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkins Russell (musical director)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (6 September 1861), 1

Original songs written for the entertainment; the music composed by Mr. J. M. Williams PANORAMA OF THE OVERLAND ROUTE . . .


Musicseller, stationer, printer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 March 1852), 3 

COMPRISING OVERTURES, Locke's music for Macbeth, Waltzes, Quadrilles,
Popular pianoforte pieces, Pianoforte duets, AEsop's fables, Operatic gems,
Sacred pieces, vocal and instrumental, Church services,
Galops, Polkas, mazurkas, and contre danses,
English songs, Scotch ditto, Henry Russell's ditto, Do do do for the sabbath
Classical Songs of Germany, Negro Melodies, Vocal duets, Glees,
Jenny Lind's songs and Swedish melodies,
Little songs for little singers, Do pieces for little players,
Vocal gems of foreign operas.
The Musical Bouquet is printed from engraved plates, and is universally admired for the correctness of the music, the correctness of the printing, and its elegant and artistic illustrations.
"Mr. Davidson is doing for Music what Mr. Charles Knight has done for literature" - Sun, March 16th, 1848.
"We cannot but recommend it (Davidson's Musical Treasury), for, while it possesses the merit of cheapness, it has still the greater merit of being strictly correct, and is edited with great taste and judgement." - Times, February 3'd, 1847.
"Tact, taste, and judgment are displayed in its various gleanings." - Illustrated London News.
Each of the above comprehensive series contains the best music of the best masters; together with an extensive selection of the most popular pieces of the day.
Complete catalogues will be furnished by post or otherwise, on application to
J. WILLIAMS, Stationer, &c.,
Collins-street, Melbourne.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Henry Davidson (English music publisher); see 1852 catalogue advertisement

[Advertisement], The Banner (10 February 1854), 16 

. . . The undesigned having purchased the business of Mr. James Williams, stationer, account book manufacturer and printer, respectfully inform merchants tradesmen, and the public generally, that every attention will be paid to any commands they may be favored with . . . SANDS and KENNY, Stationers, Account-book Manufacturers, and Printers, 51 Collins street.
Melbourne, Febr. 8th, 1854.


Pianoforte maker and importer (from John Broadwood and Sons, London)

? Born Deptford, Kent, England, 10/14 October 1805; baptised St. Paul, Deptford, 1 December 1805; son of John William WILLIAMS and Elizabeth ?
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 17 April 1840 (per Majestic, from Liverpool, 18 November 1839)
Married Annie HARPER (d. 1902), near Campbell Town, TAS, 31 August 1854
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 January 1865, aged "60" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


Having somehow managed to send the copy on ahead, John Williams first advertised in Hobart as a "Pianoforte-maker (from Broadwood's, London) . . ." a couple of days before he himself landed in town, from the Majestic, on 16/17 April 1840.

By May 1843, he was selling pianos "all of colonial produce (except the strings and the brass)" which he warranted "to be equal in tone and more durable than any imported from England".

By January 1845, it was reported:

Mr. Williams, the celebrated pianoforte-maker or Hobart Town, has succeeded in manufacturing several first-rate instruments wholly from colonial material: they are represented to be exact copies of Broadwood's, and equally good, which Mr. Williams sells considerably below London prices.

His advertisements in 1849-50 include testimonials from other amateur and professional musicians, including Joseph Reichenberg, Charles Sandys Packer, Richard Curtis, James Thomson, and Henry Elliot.

At various times, he sold his own instruments to the miller and shipbuilder Peter Degraves, and the Hobart merchant Elisha Bailey. Williams was also in a small claim dispute in 1850, probably over an instrument, with the Launceston merchant and keen amateur musician Thomas Leaman Beckford.

In 1852, he attempted, apparently without much success, to expand his business into Port Phillip. In Hobart in 1856, he suspended piano making altogether, probably due more to cheaper imports than lack of local demand for pianos. However, he resumed fashioning his own colonial instruments, again with imported parts, in mid 1863. Meanwhile, he and his wife had continued selling imported pianos and other musical instruments, as well as sheet music and fancy goods.

Williams died, from chronic pneumonia, on 30 January 1865, aged 60. Thereafter his widow briefly continued to advertised as a music instrument seller, but sold the stock in trade of the piano manufacturing business to John Millwood Stanley (1833-1885) and Robert George Winter (d. 1902).

His wife, Annie Harper, had given birth to their son, Ernest Williams (1862-1947), on 20 January 1862. Ernest's son, their grandson, was a leading church architect, Louis Williams (1890-1980).

My thanks to Rosemary Sharples for bringing the 14 April 1840 advertisement to my attention, December 2019

See also mainpage on Broadwood pianos in early colonial Australia


? Baptisms in the parish of St. Paul, Deptford, Lewisham, Kent in the year 1805; London Metropolitan Archives 

Baptized Dec'br 1805 . . . 1 / Williams / John William son of John Wm. & Eliz'th, Church St, Sawyer / [born] Oct'r 14 (PAYWALL)

Baptized Dec'br 1805 . . . 1 / Williams / John William son of John Wm. & Eliz'th, Church St, Sawyer / [born] Oct'r 10 [sic]


. . . PETITIONS and SCHEDULES of the PRISONERS hereinafter named . . . to be heard at the Court House, Portugal-Street, Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, on Tuesday the 17th day of July, 1838 . . .

John Williams, formerly of No. 14, Michael's-place, Brompton, Journeyman Piano-Forte-Maker and Ship-Builder, then [1553] at No. 14. Michael's-place, Brompton aforesaid, and at the same time of No. 2, Grove-place, Brompton, and afterwards of No. 2 Grove-place, Brompton aforesaid, all in Middlesex, Piano-Forte-Maker.

"INSOLVENT DEBTORS COURT. AUGUST 11", Morning Advertiser [London, England] (13 August 1838), 3 (PAYWALL)

John Williams, pianoforte-maker, whose debts amounted to 1,000l. but who was without assets, having expended 70l. bail-bond to keep out of prison, was adjudged to three months' imprisonment from the date of his petition.

Hobart, VDL (TAS) (from April 1840):

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (14 April 1840), 3

RESPECTFULLY solicits the patronage of the Musical Gentry of the Island, in the tuning and repairing of Instruments.
Ten years' experience in the first house in London enables J. W. to undertake, with confidence, any repairs incidental to the usage of the Instrument. Six Octave Pianofortes, from C C transposed to F F, and adapted to modern music, at a moderate expense.
Communications sent to the above, at W. B. Dill's Cabinet Manufactory, corner of Elizabeth and Brisbane Streets, will be punctually attended to.
April 14, 1840.

Report of the arrival at the port of Hobart Town of the barque Majestic 16th April 1840; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1599307; CSO92/1/4 p49 (DIGITISED)

. . . Steerage Passengers . . . John Williams . . .

"Shipping Intelligence, HOBART TOWN. Arrivals", The Hobart Town Courier (24 April 1840), 4

17 - the bark Majestic, 316 tons, Smith, from Liverpool, 18th November, with merchandize - passengers, D. Richards, Esq., Mr. and Mrs. Gillan, Mr. John Bengard and wife, Mr. John Williams, Mr. Duncan Scott, and Hannah Murray.

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 October 1840), 1

J. WILLIAMS, PIANOFORTE MAKER, (from Broadwood's, London,)
having commenced business at 71, Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town, (the premises late in the occupation of Mr. Harvey, Turner,)
as a Manufacturer of Pianofortes, Seraphines, &c., respectfully informs the gentry of the island, that he repairs and tunes Pianofortes and other musical instruments, on very moderate terms.
Those gentlemen who may be resident some distance from Hobart Town, are informed that J. W. purposes visiting Launceston, and would be happy to attend to the favours of any gentlemen on or near the road, who may write to him as above, before the 1st of November next.
September 17.

"PIANO FORTE MANUFACTURE", Colonial Times (23 May 1843), 3

The colonists will learn with pleasure, that Mr. Williams has Piano Fortes at his warehouse in Collins-street, now on sale, manufactured in the colony under his direction and by his assistance, all of colonial produce (except the strings and the brass), which he warrants to be equal in tone and more durable than any imported from England. This deserves to be encouraged, and we have no doubt Mr. Williams will be amply patronised by a liberal and discerning public.

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 October 1844), 1

NEW MUSIC, at London Prices.
J. WILLIAMS, PIANOFORTE MAKER, (from Broadwood's, London,) begs to inform his friends and the public that he has received by the Jane Buckland a small invoice of well-selected Music, shipped to him, consisting of pianoforte arrangements from all the favourite operas, the newest quadrilles and waltzes, with all the popular songs, duets for piano and flute, and for two flutes, and various instruction books, which he can sell at the publishing price.
J. W. has on sale several second-hand pianofortes, in good order, also violins and bows, at all prices; tenors and guitars; violin bridges, finger boards, and pegs; violin, violoncello, and guitar strings, both Roman and English; harp strings, in complete sets; silver strings for harps, guitars, tenors, and violins; C, B, A, and E flat clarionets, ivory mounted, with 6 mid 13 keys; clarionet and bassoon reeds; pianoforte wire of all descriptions; hair for violin bows, and every article incidental to the music trade.
Pianofortes lent on hire, tuned, and repaired, and moved in town or country by a spring conveyance.
Pianofortes bought of J. W. kept in tune twelve months free of expense, and exchanged if required.
N.B. J. W., in returning thanks to his friends for past favours, has to intimate that, finding it necessary to devote the whole of his time to his manufactory, he has made an arrangement with Mr. Piecroft, Professor of Music, to attend to the retail and paper music business, as also the tuning pianofortes in town at 5s. each, which J. W. will take care are properly done.
Colonial Pianoforte Manufactory, Collins-st., Hobart Town.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Pycroft (musician)

"COLONIAL-MADE PIANOFORTES", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 January 1845), 3

Mr. Williams, the celebrated pianoforte-maker of Hobart Town, has succeeded in manufacturing several first-rate instruments wholly from colonial material: they are represented to be exact copies of Broadwood's, and equally good, which Mr. Williams sells considerable below London prices, and conditions to exchange, if not approved of within six months of the day of sale, and even after that period, on payment of the hire.

"ST. DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2

Balance Sheet of the Accounts of the Churchwardens of St. David's Church, from 1st day of January to 31st day of December, 1845, both inclusive . . .
EXPENDITURE. By Salary to Organist - 50 0 0 . . . Williams, Salary for tuning Organ - 10 10 0 . . .


A letter which appears in another portion of our columns, signed "A Parishioner," has called our attention to a statement of the accounts of St. David's Church, published in the Hobart Town Gazette. As a public document, and published for general information, it is one of the most incomplete and unsatisfactory records imaginable. At the first glance it would undoubtedly lead to the belief that the salaries of the Church servants and assistants, such as organist, organ-tuner, clerk, and clock-cleaner, had been paid in full for the year 1845. We were not a little surprised, therefore, upon inquiry into the merits of the letter of "A Parishioner," to discover, that although the account rendered by the Churchwardens states £50 (the amount of twelve months' salary) has been paid to Mrs. Elliott, the organist, there is in fact £20 yet due to that lady for her services for the year 1845 . . . Again, £10 is entered as paid to Mr. Williams for tuning the organ. As it appears in the balance sheet, one is led to suppose that Mr. Williams had been paid his salary in full to the end of the year. No such thing. Mr. Williams has been paid £5 5s. only for 1845, and claims six months' salary yet to the end of that period . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Elliot (organist); St. David's cathedral (Hobart)

"ROBBERY DETECTED", Colonial Times (18 December 1846), 3

On Wednesday the active and efficient members of the Detective Police discovered at the cooperage of Mr. W. Mason, Argyle-street a large quantity of bird cages, and other articles, which have, it appears, been manufactured from materials "weeded " from the manufactory of Mr. Williams, pianoforte maker, Collins-street. There were as many as four constables could convey to the Police-office, where Mr. Williams identified several of the materials, which had been worked up. The thief, a probationer in Mr. W.'s employ, had been in the habit for some time of "weeding " the wood, &c, cut up in small pieces, which being conveniently convened to Mr. Mason's, was made up into cages, and other small articles. The parties, supposed to be implicated are in custody, and remanded for further examination, as more of the property stolen from Mr. Williams, it is hoped, will be discovered in other places.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 March 1849), 3 

THE Undersigned, returning thanks for past favors, begs respectfully to draw the attention of the Public to the annexed Certificates from purchasers of his Pianofortes, soliciting, at the same time, an inspection of the Instruments.
The original Certificates may be seen at his Warehouse, where price lists and conditions of sale may be seen.
J. WILLIAMS, Elizabeth Street.
Hobart Town, March 2, 1849.

Cascade Mills, Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I feel warranted in strongly recommending Mr. Williams as a substantial maker. I have seen many of his pianofortes, all of them good ones, and I have one of them which I think is the very best I ever heard.-
Yours, obediently, &c., &c.,

Liverpool-street, Hobart Town, February 28, 1849.
I have frequently examined pianofortes while making at Mr. Williams' manufactory, and have observed the great care and skill executed in his choice of workmen and materials; in the mechanical structure of his instruments, I am of opinion they are quite equal to any that are imported. I have purchased two of his own manufactured pianofortes from him, and many persons, much better able to judge of their delicacy of tone and touch than I am, have spoken very highly of them.

Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I consider my pianoforte a first-rate instrument - very powerful, and a sweet tone; it is, in my opinion, equal, if not superior, to any London-made piano that I have heard. I may add that, before purchasing it, I took the opinion of Mr. Reichenberg, who spoke very highly of it, and, to use his own expression, "was one that would last for ever." -
Yours, &c.,

7, Liverpool-street, Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I have invariably found your pianofortes sound, substantially-made instruments, and should prefer them to any imported, on account of their standing so Well in tone and pitch, the failure in which particular is the great drawback in general to English-made instruments sent out to the colony. Yours, truly,

Hobart Town, January 10, 1848.
I have had an opportunity of examining several pianofortes manufactured by Mr. Williams, of Collins-street, particularly those belonging to Mr. Degraves, Mr. Elisha Bailey, and Mr. J. A. Thomson, and also one at present in his factory. I was much pleased with all both as regards touch and tone, and the last-mentioned instrument I consider a very superior one.

"Cumberland Arms," New Wharf, January 12, 1847.
SIR, - In reply to your request, I have to say that I am well satisfied with the pianoforte I purchased from you last year, more especially as I find it keeps better in tune than many imported ones I hear, although it is constantly in use.
I am, Sir, yours respectfully,

March 2, 1849.

ASSOCIATIONS: Peter Degraves (shipbuilder); James Alexander Thomson (musical amateur); Joseph Reichenberg (musician); Henry Elliot (musician); Charles Sandys Packer (musician); Richard Curtis (musician)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 November 1849), 1 

Great Reduction in Prices.
THE UNDERSIGNED has reduced the Prices of the Articles herein described 20 per cent., to make room for fresh consignments daily expected.
JOHN WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker (from Broadwood's).
D'Almain's Flutes, with 1, 4, 6 or 8 keys
Ditto Clarionets, 8 keys, and all sizes
Violins, Bows, and Cases
Small Hunting Horns
Instruction Books (various)
Music Paper, 12 and 15 staves (upright)
Ditto, oblong score
Violin, Harp, and Guitar Strings, Harp Strings in sets
Violoncello and Tenor Strings
Silver Harp Strings
Ditto Guitar ditto
Ditto Violin ditto
Ditto Violoncello and Tenor
Violin Pegs and Bridges.
Tuning Forks
Ditto Keys
Bassoon Reeds
Clarionet ditto
Piano forte Wire
Violin Bow Hair
Stationery and Account Books in great Variety.
N.B. - A Quantity of Fashionable Music, at Half-price.
November 20, 1849.

"COURT OF REQUESTS. TUESDAY, JUNE 4", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston] (8 June 1850), 361 

T. L. Beckford v John Williams, piano-forte maker, Hobart Town. -
An action on the ballance of an unpaid promissory note. - Verdict for plaintiff, £10 10s.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Leaman Beckford (merchant, amateur musician)

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (21 July 1852), 3 

Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieut. Governor.
JOHN WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker, from Broadwood's, London, having been engaged for the last ten years in Hobart Town, making Pianofortes, adapted for warm climates,
RESPECTFULLY informs the Public, that he is induced by the numerous and influential promises of support, to commence business in Melbourne, and he is prepared to repair and tune Pianofortes in the first style.
Communications for the present, addressed to the care of Messrs. Huxtable and Co., Stationers, Collins-street, will meet with prompt attention, at which place may be seen on sale, a splendid cottage piano, compass C to A, imported to his order direct, to be followed by others.
N.B. - Instruments exchanged, bought or sold on commission.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Huxtable (stationer, musicseller, publisher)

[Advertisement], The Courier (4 August 1852), 4 

Musical Instruments.
THE Undersigned, being on a professional tour in the neighbouring colony, begs to intimate to his numerous employers that he has made an arrangement with
MR. HANCHETT, Teacher of Music and Tuner of Pianofortes, by which they may have proper attendance during his temporary absence.
Just received, an extensive assortment of Musical sundries of the best description, and at reduced prices.
J. WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Justinian Hanchette (musician, tuner)

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 May 1854), 3 

THE Undersigned, finding it impossible to continue during the present Labour Crisis his manufacture of pianofortes, has imported from London an assortment of Sound Elegant
PICCOLO INSTRUMENTS, full compass, by a good maker, at moderate prices, with a warranty.
Also several at very low prices, but without such warranty, quite equal to those now in the market.
Pianofortes tuned, repaired, and lent on hire.
Several second-hand instruments for sale cheap.
JOHN WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker, from Broadwood's.
N.B. J. W. having been appointed Agent for the Sale of Kirkman's celebrated Instruments, parties desirous of securing such are informed that a consignment of Cabinet and Semi-Grands will arrive in due course.
List of Sundries kept on Sale by J. W., imported direct from the Manufacturers, and sold at Reduced Prices:
Best musical Boxes, playing 40 and 8 tunes
Flutes, with 1, 4, 6 or 8 keys, all sizes
Clarionets, 8 and 13 keys, ditto
Machine-head guitars, in cases
Violins, bows, and cases
Cornopeons, trumpets
Small hunting horns
Accordeons and flutinas
Instruction books (various)
Music paper, 12 and 15 staves
Barrel organs, playing quadrilles and waltzes
Violin, harp and guitar strings
Harp strings in sets
Violoncello and tenor strings
Violin pegs and bridges
Tuning forks and keys
Bassoon and clarionet reeds
Desks and work-boxes
Pianoforte wire
Violin bow hair.
*** New Music of all descriptions by every vessel from London.
April 26.

1854, marriages in the district of Campbell Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:846155; RGD37/1/13 no 89 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 5 / 31 August 1854 . . . / John Williams / 48 / Piano Forte Maker
Annie Harper / 28 / Governess . . . / . . . Married in the dwelling house of Geo. Gatenby, esq. . . . [witnesses] Geo. Gatenby / Mary Ann Gatenby / Mary Jane Gatenby

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Advertiser (30 September 1857), 4 

J. WILLIAMS having determined to erect more suitable premises for his business, intimates to the public that the whole of his varied STOCK-IN-TRADE will be sold at less than cost price.
It will be evident from the prices of a few of the articles named, he is in earnest, as the whole of the goods must be cleared out in a month, to make room for the builders.
Work Boxes, from 1s. each
Rosewood and Mahogany Writing Desks, from 4s. 6d.
Ladies' and Gent's Dressing Cases, fitted, from 7s. 6d.
Violins and Bows, from 2s. 6d. each
Violin and Guitar Strings, from 3d, each
Silver ditto ditto, from 6d.
Music Paper, from 1s, 9d. per quire
Blank Music Books, from 1s. each
Printed Music (songs and pieces) 1/4 price
Instruction Books for all instruments, from 1s. each
Music boxes, playing 2, 3, and 4 tunes, from 8s. 6d. each
Tambourines, from 2s. 6d. each
Accordeons and Flutinas, from 3s. 6d. each
Account Books, from 2 to 8 quires, the price of the paper only
And every other article to be found in a General Music Warehouse, included in the same proportion, consisting of -
Banjos, Fittings and Strings
Common and Machine-head Guitars
Guitar and Violin Cases
Violincellos, Tenors and superior Violins
Violin Tenor and Violin Bows, of all kinds
Concertinas, German and English
Dressing Cases, in leather cases for travellers
Cornopeans and Sax Horns
Trumpets and Horns
Alto, Tenor and Brass [sic, Bass] Trombones
Violin Fittings, Tuning Pegs and Forks
Metronomes, with and without bell
Flutes, Flageolets, and Clarionets, in variety
Maps and Chants of Tasmania and the Neighboring Colonies, plain and colored
Country Dealers and Storekeepers liberally dealt with.
N.B. - The two Shop Fronts for sale, including doors, shutters, sashes, and shutter bars and bolts, complete.
September 25.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 June 1861), 1 

Musical Instruments for Military Bands.
NOW ON SALE by the undersigned, Sax Horns of the best make, Alto, Tenor, Soprano, and Bass.
Clarionets in C, B, A, and E flat. Cornopeans, and all other Instruments; also an assortment of superior Harmoniums and Broadwood's Cottage Pianofortes.
J. WILLIAMS, 41, Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (4 June 1863), 4 

J. WILLIAMS Respectfully intimates to the public that he is again making Pianofortes in Hobart Town (suspended in 1856 for want of labor.)
These instruments are copies of Broadwood's, and are made from imported material.
The keys and all other essential parts of the mechanism are made by the best workmen in London to his order.
The instruments recently finished have been pronounced by competent judges to be equal to those of the best makers of London in tone and touch.
J. W. can compete with such makers, and produce as good an instrument at less price.
They are sold conditionally: either exchanged for others if not approved, free of expense, or the money refunded at the end of twelve months on payment of hire for the time.
Two of the smallest size made 3ft. 6in. high by 4ft. 3in, price £45, may now be seen, which are admitted to be second to none of the same size in the colony.

"COLONIAL PIANOFORTES", The Mercury (31 May 1864), 2 

We were shown yesterday at the shop of Mr. J. Williams, in Liverpool-street, some pianofortes recently manufactured by that gentleman, and as productions of colonial labor, they are certainly well worthy of notice and inspection by the musical public. The instruments are cottage pianos, and are very handsomely finished, being in that particular, really imposing pieces of furniture. The wood used in the manufacture of the cabinet work is chiefly walnut, but one instrument in a colonial myrtle casing, bears very favorable comparison. The pianos seen by us are copies of those now manufactured by Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, and Collard and Collard, the tone and touch being precisely identical. The principal component parts - keys, hammers, &c., have all been manufactured by known workmen in London, to Mr. Williams' order so that the instruments really should be, and we doubt not are, quite equal to those manufactured at home. The whole of the woods used in their construction, for sounding boards, frame work, &c., are of the same description as those used by the best London makers, chiefly Swiss pine. Competent judges pronounce those pianos to be of the very first order, and it is really creditable to Mr. Williams's enterprise that he has brought his colonial works to such perfection. Mr. Williams informs us that he has tried all the best kinds of colonial woods in manufacturing pianos, but none are suitable for that purpose, unless in the mere foundation and cabinet department. We understand that a meeting of musical gentlemen is to held at Mr. Williams's on Thursday evening when the instruments will be fairly tried.

1865, deaths in the district of Hobart Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1225868; RGD35/1/7 no 4844 

4844 / 30th January / John William Williams (Died Liverpool Street) Born England / 60 years / Pianoforte Maker / Pleuro Pneumonia Chronic . . .

"DEATHS", The Mercury (31 January 1865), 1 

WILLIAMS - On Monday, January 30th, at his residence, Liverpool-street, Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker, aged 60 years. The funeral will leave his late residence on Wednesday, the 1st February, at three o'clock, when friends are invited to attend. No circulars.

[2 Advertisements], The Mercury (24 March 1865), 1 

NOTICE. MRS. WILLIAMS (widow of the late Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker)
respectfully begs to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and the country districts that she has
re-opened the shop in Liverpool-street with a new most carefully and well assorted Stock of
FANCY WOOLS and MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, the whole having been purchased on most advantageous terms, thereby enabling her to make a great reduction on former prices, and trusts that by the most careful and strict attention to all orders she may be kindly favored with to merit a continuance of the extensive patronage extended for so many years to her late husband.
Patterns of Wools carefully matched. Pianofortes let out on hire.
94, Liverpool Street, Nearly opposite R. A. Mather's.

STANLEY & WINTER BEG to inform the musical public of Tasmania that, having purchased the whole of the manufacturing plant belonging to the late Mr. John Williams, they are prepared to execute orders for the manufacture, repair, tuning, and regulating of all kinds of musical instruments.
Orders received by Mrs. Williams, Liverpool-street; and at the manufactory, Elizabeth-street, opposite Burn's Auction Mart.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Millwood Stanley (pianoforte maker); Robert George Winter (pianoforte maker)

Probate, and will of John Williams, pianoforte maker, 1865; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:641606; AD960/1/7$init=AD960-1-7-1095_1 (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (29 May 1865), 1 

NOTICE TO CREDITORS. - All persons having claims against the estate of the late Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker and Music Seller, Hobart Town, will please lodge the same with the undersigned. WM. ROBB.

"Deaths", The Mercury (15 March 1902), 1 

WILLIAMS. - On March 14, at Claremont, Hobart, Annie, widow of the late John Williams, piano manufacturer. Funeral, Sunday, 2.30.

"Music & Drama", The Mercury (16 March 1927), 10 

Mr. Clinch, superintendent of mails, gives the interesting information that one of the pianofortes made by the J. Williams, of Hobart Town, who advertised in the "Royal Kalendar" for 1848, mentioned in these notes last week, is still in use at the house of his sister, Mrs. Corney, of Lunawanna, Bruny Island . . .

Extant instruments:

Upright pianoforte, John Williams, Hobart, c. 1847-1852; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney, NSW 

Australian cedar case (with one section of oregon) with mahogany veneer; simple carved figure on front panel; rosewood veneer around music desk; action has spruce and mahogany woods; soundboard probably spruce; ivory naturals keys have moulded wooden fronts; faceted legs with carved finials; folding wooden music-desk.
Nameboard reads: "John Williams / Maker / (from Broadwood's, London) / Collins Street / Hobart Town".
There are four known surviving pianos by this maker, all of a similar style. The instrument was purchased by the museum in 1985 from a descendant of the Bramich family of Deloraine, Tasmania, the original owners of the piano.

Lawsons Auctioneers, sale 3686, lot 344, 18 July 2004 (pictured)

John Williams, maker Elizabeth Street, Hobart Town (from Broadwoods London).
Mahogany on cedar case. The rectangular hinged lid over an arched panelled front with pleated silk inset, the interior mechanism in a wooden frame, the secondary timbers resembling Tasmanian myrtle and red cedar, the keyboard cover hinged and folding back and enclosing a seventy-seven note keyboard.
Supported to the front on baluster turned legs and brass castors, with panelled section behind. Width: 127 cm. Height: 127 cm. Depth: 66 cm.

Bibliography and resources:

Lieveverbeeck, "Williams, John", Pianoforte-makers in England - W 

Michael Atherton, A coveted possession: the rise and fall of the piano in Australia (Carlton: Black Inc., 2018) (PREVIEW)

Rosemary Sharples, "An early John Williams piano?", Papers and proceedings Tasmanian Historical Research Association 67/2 (August 2020), 31-39 (PAYWALL)

John Williams, Australian piano makers of the golden era, Golden Era Piano Museum (post 12 December 2020) 

WILLIAMS, John [2] (John WILLIAMS; Mr. J. WILLIAMS; Mr. WILLIAMS; "Alaw Dare")

Musician, harpist, "Blind harper", player on the triple harp

Born Aberdare, Glamorganshire, Wales, 1827; baptised Bethany chapel, Dowlais, 21 October 1827; son of John Thomas WILLIAMS and Martha EVANS (married St. John, Aberdare, 23 October 1819)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 30 September 1857 (per John Linn, from Liverpool, 24 June, aged "28")
Active Castlemaine, VIC, October 1857
Died Newbridge, Tarrnagulla, VIC, 20 February 1870, aged "42" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Llewellyn Thomas (harpist)


Baptisms, Bethany chapel (Independent), Dowlais, Glamorganshire, Wales, 1827; UK National Archives, RG4/3881 (PAYWALL)

287 / John a son of John Thomas and Martha Williams Dowlais was baptised Oct. 21 1827 . . .

Wales census, 30 March 1851, Aberdare, Glamorgan; UK National Archives, HO/107/2459-60/1044 (PAYWALL)

High Street / Thomas Williams / Head / Mar. / 28 . . .
Martha [Williams] / Mother / Widow / 63 . . .
John [Williams] / Brother / Unm. / 24 / ???pist [? Harpist] / [born] Abedare Glamorgan . . .

"CARDIFF ATHENAEUM EISTEDDFOD", Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Brecon Gazette (1 January 1853), 4 (PAYWALL)

. . . "By Mrs. Wyndham Lewis, a Prize of Two Guineas and a Medal, to the best Performer on Welsh Harp. Judge, Miss Gregory." Mr. John Williams, of Aberdare, a blind young man, was the successful and the only competitor. At the Chairman's request he played "The rising of the lark" . . .

"CADAIR TIR IARLL - THE IVORIATE EISTEDDFOD AT ABERAVON", Silurian, Cardiff, Merthyr, and Brecon Mercury, and South Wales General Advertiser (25 June 1853) (PAYWALL)

This Bardic Festival which had excited a considerable amount of interest, not only in the immediate neighbourhood, but aso throughout a very extensive circle of country, took place Thursday last, the 23rd inst. . . . Llewellyn Thomas, a youth from Bridgend, then performed an Air on the Harp . . . A prize of £2 2s. for the best performance on the harp. There were only two competitors - first prize awarded to John Williams, a blind youth of Aberdare, and the second to Llewellyn Thomas, a lad from Bridgend. Invested by Miss Walters, Neath . . .


. . . The competition for prizes was then proceeded with. By Col. Kemys Tynte, M.P. - The Cefn Mably Harp, value ten guineas. To the best blind male performer on the Triple Harp. Four variations only to be played. Open to South Wales, including Gwent and Morganwg. Only one competitor, John Williams, of Aberdare. Mr. Thomas said he had been very much impressed with the fine performance of Williams, who he could only say had well earned the harp which was now to be awarded. Miss Jones, of Dolcothy, invested Mr. a Williams with the prize . . .

"THE CWM RHONDDA EISTEDDFOD", Star of Gwent (21 April 1855), 6 (PAYWALL)

. . . this contest of skill . . . took place at the Britannia, Cwm Rhondda, on the 9th inst . . . Several Welsh airs having been played on the harp, the meeting closed with votes of thanks to Mr. Samuel Edmunds, chairman, and Mr. John Williams, harpist, Aberdare, for their able services on the occasion.

"CONCERT AT THE WELSH BAPTIST CHAPEL", Merthyr Telegraph, and General Advertiser for the Iron Districts of South Wales (19 July 1856), 3 (PAYWALL)

On Tuesday evening last a concert was given by the choir of the Welsh Baptist Chapel to which were joined several of the best singers from Aberdare and Aberaman. Mr. William Morgan, late of Rhymney, was conductor. The instrumentalists were Mr. G. H. Hasse, of Tredegar, who presided at the harmonium, John Williams, Aberdare, who played the harp, and the flutist was Daniel Morgans, Aberdare, both the latter were blind . . . The players on the harp and flute also did their parts most admirably . . .

"THE WAUN FAIR", Merthyr Telegraph, and General Advertiser for the Iron Districts of South Wales (4 October 1856), 3 (PAYWALL)

The last of these fairs for this season was held on Wednesday week . . . In the evening a ball was held at the Angel Hotel. On the occasion, Mr. John Williams, of Aberdare, attended with his harp, and his executions of the several airs were fully appreciated. Dancing was kept up until a late hour . . .

"ABERDARE. MR. WILLIAMS, HARPIST", Merthyr Telegraph, and General Advertiser for the Iron Districts of South Wales (14 February 1857), 3 (PAYWALL)

We perceive by the Swansea papers that this excellent player has lately appeared at the theatre in that town. He is thus alluded to: - "In the interval between the play and the after-piece appeared Mr. John Williams, of Aberdare, the celebrated Welsh harpist. The instrument which this gentleman uses is the old Welsh triple harp - an instrument that tasks to the utmost the player's power of execution. Mr. Williams played the favourite Welsh national melody of "Ar hyd y Nos," which elicited a hearty encore. This was followed by a lively French piece, which, however, was wanting in the distinctive characteristics that render the harp so appropriate to the expression of Welsh melody. Mr. Williams also appeared on Tuesday evening, and played two favourite Welsh airs, "Merch Megan," and "Penrhaw" - the variations to the latter were exceedingly effective and brilliant, and elicited enthusiastic applause."

Victoria, Australia (from 30 September 1857):

? Names and descriptions of passengers per John Linn from Liverpool, 24 June 1857; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Tho's Williams / 34 // John [Williams] / 28 . . .

"Williams, the Blind Harpist", Mount Alexander Mail (9 October 1857), 4 

This celebrated musician, whose extraordinary performances on the treble harp caused such astonishment both in Wales and England, has lately arrived in the colony, and intends shortly to visit Castlemaine. Those who appreciate really good music will not neglect this opportunity.

"The Blind Harpist", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (4 December 1857), 5

Mr. Williams, the celebrated performer on the triple harp, assisted by Mr. Jones, the eminent violinist, will give a concert this evening at the Fryer's Town Hotel. On Saturday evening, the same artists will perform at the Red Hill Music Hall; and on Monday, or some other day early in next week, they will give an entertainment in Castlemaine - in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, if it can be procured, we understand. Report speaks highly of both these gentlemen, and the infirmity of Mr. Williams may be expected to procure for his concerts a still larger amount of patronage than their intrinsic excellence, however great, would secure.

[2 advertisements], Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 5 

THEY will give a CONCERT this Evening, at MOORE'S HOTEL, Fryerstown, and on Saturday evening at the RED HILL HOTEL, Forest Creek.

. . . AUSTRALIAN HOTEL, Forest Creek.
MR. EVANS, THE CELEBRATED WELSH HARPIST, Who has just arrived in the colony, will play every evening up to the end of the year.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Evans (harpist)

"Williams, the Blind Harpist", Mount Alexander Mail (9 December 1857), 2 

This very clever performer on the triple harp will make his first appearance in Castlemaine, at the Exchange Hotel on Thursday evening, assisted by Mr. Jones, the violinist, and the members of the Welsh choir. Mr. Williams has achieved a high reputation in the principal towns of the colony, and those who are able to appreciate exquisite music should patronise his performance to-morrow evening.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (9 December 1857), 3 

THE Celebrated Triple Harp Player, Mr. WILLIAMS, accompanied by the eminent Violinist Mr. JONES, assisted by the famous CARADOC WELSH CHOIR, will give a concert at the Exchange Hall, on Thursday, Dec. 10, 1857.
The Welsh Choir will sing a selection of glees, &c.
Mr. Williams, the Blind Harpist, is acknowledged to be the best Triple Harp Player in the world.
All admirers of first-class music will find this a treat rarely to be met with.
Tickets - Front seats, 3s.; back seats, 2s.; to be had of Mr. Jones, Aberdeen Hill; Mr. Williams, Glamorganshire store, and Mr. C. E. Glass, bookseller, Castlemaine. Concert to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (18 December 1857), 5

MESSRS. JONES & WILLIAMS are open to attend balls and quadrille parties, &c.
Triple harp player, Mr. WILLIAMS. Violinist, Mr. JONES.
Apply at Aberdare Cottage, Aberdeen Hill, Forest Creek.

"ODDFELLOWSHIP", The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (17 May 1861), 2 

The first off-shoot of the Maldon Lodge was opened on Monday last, at the Company's Hotel, Tarnagulla, and named after Italy's heroic liberator, the Loyal Garibaldi Lodge . . . The Cambrian Glee Club, and Mr. Williams, the celebrated blind harpist, contributed much to the harmony of the evening.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News [NSW] (13 December 1862), 2 

The very able Welsh harpist, Mr. John Williams, who by his skill carried off the principal prizes from all competitors at the last "Eisteddfod," held at Abergasinnia, Wales, will shortly arrive in Sydney, from Melbourne, having been invited to attend a national festival of his countrymen, to be held at Newcastle. He intends, while in Sydney, to give a series of concerts. The instrument he uses is not the ordinary, but the triple harp, or harp with three sets of strings.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (26 December 1863), 2

The long promised Eisteddfod, or gathering of Welsh people, was held on Christmas and Boxing day, in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, under the presidency of Mr. Robert Lewis. The gathering - or "sitting," as the word Eisteddfod signifies - is for the purpose of reading and giving prizes, for essays and poetry, for recitations, addresses, and musical performances; and we are informed that this Eisteddfod was the most numerously attended of all that have been held in the colony. Nearly the whole of the proceedings were in Welsh, and very few other than Welsh people were present, but there were occasional addresses in English, and the singing by the Sebastopol Welsh choir, and the exquisitely beautiful harp music by Mr. Williams, the blind harper from Williamstown, and Mr. Llewellyn Thomas, were of course intelligible to all ears . . . The actual business of the Eisteddfod was brought to a close at the second sitting on the ensuing day, precisely the same class of duties being performed, varied with the singing of the choir and the strains of the harpers . . . In the evening the room was more than three parts filled, to listen to the performances of the Welsh choir and the harpers. The choir sang with great vigor, the soloists with taste, and the harpers played with their usual brilliancy. A few words from the President of the Eisteddfod were followed by a short address by the Venerable the B. C. Archdeacon of Ballarat. The choir sang the National Anthem with harp accompaniment, at the conclusion of which the people separated.

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4

The meetings at the ancient Eisteddvodic Institution, held by the Kymry of Victoria, were held in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Ballarat, on Friday and Saturday . . . The following gentlemen were the adjudicators: - . . . musical compositions, Mr. Rees, Ballarat . . . musical performances, Mr. Ll. Llewelyn, Melbourne . . . harp performances, Mr. Williams, Williamstown . . . The Sebastopol choir, under the direction of Mr. David Lloyd, of Sebastopol, then sang "God Bless the Prince of Wales," aided by the harp accompaniment of Mr. Williams, the well-known blind harper of Williamstown.. Mr. John Pascoe, of Castlemaine, sang a song in Welsh, to the music of "Rhy felgyrch Guyer Harlech," Mr. Williams accompanying on the harp . . . Mr. Williams, harper - "Jenny Jones," with variations. The artist's manipulation of this most delicious of instruments was admirable, and if the whole Eisteddvod had been harp music, we could have no difficulty in imagining the Sassenach to be as elated with joy as the most enthusiastic and impressionable Cambrian that ever mounted leek or spoke in the mellifluous tongue of the ancient Gael. Mr. Llewellyn Thomas subsequently put in an appearance, and the two harpers played together in pearly all the concerted music sung by the choir during the sittings, besides performing on their instruments unaccompanied by the choir. Of these executants it is difficult to speak in too high terms, and a sober Englishman by our aide was so moved by the music they discoursed that he protested it was "seraphic." Few persons who have not heard the harp in the hands of such accomplished artists could easily conceive it to be capable of producing such a volume of the softest and mellowest "concord of sweet sounds" . . . Mr. Williams played on the harp "Llwyn Onn," with variations . . . Mr. Williams then played "Merch Megan," (Megan's Daughter) on the harp . . . Mr. Williams and Mr. Thomas, the harpists, played together "Caerphili March" with wonderful effect. The applause was most enthusiastic . . . The evening meeting commenced with "Ar hyd y nos" (Poor Mary Anne), played on the harp by Mr. Williams . . . The harpers then performed some music, and the proceedings of the day were concluded by the choir singing, and the harpers playing, "God Save the Queen." The Eisteddvod was resumed on Saturday morning, quite as many people attending as on the previous day. Mr. Williams played the air "Llwyn Onn" on the harp . . . Mr. Llewellyn Thomas was the sole competitor for the L10 prize for harp playing, as Mr. Williams, being judge was not entitled to enter the lists. The subject was a Welsh air with variations, and Mr. Thomas excelled himself in its performance. At its conclusion loud cheers greeted him. Mr. Williams stood up and pronounced himself highly delighted with the performance, and Mr. Thomas to be well worthy of the prize. A fresh round of applause followed the announcement. Both the harpers then played "Pen Rhaw," to the intense gratification of the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: David Lloyd (conductor); Sebastopol Welsh Choir (organisation)

"Castlemaine Christmas Sports . . . THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", Mount Alexander Mail (28 December 1864), 2 

The following is in continuation of the first day's proceedings . . . Mr. Williams, the blind harpist, then played "Merch Megan" (Megan's daughter). The Sebastopol choir sang "Come give the last token," which was encored . . . The harpists played together "Megan's Daughter," with variations . . . "Ar hyd y nos," on the harp by Mr. Williams . . . This meeting was resumed yesterday morning at ten o;clock. The President having taken the chair, called on Mr. Williams, the harpist, who played "Codiad yr Chedydd," with variation. The Sebastopol choir then, sang "Y Gwanwyn," with great expression . . . Mr. Williams who was again called upon, - played "Jenny Jones" with his usual skill . . . The concert in the evening was, if possible, more numerously attended than any other part of the two days entertainment . . . The concert commenced with a fantasia on the harp, by Mr. Williams, after which the united choirs sang the "Ballaarat prize glee," and the "Prize Anthem" . . . The Forest Creek choirs sang "Every star" most effectively, and this performance was followed by "Cader Idris" (Idris' chair) on the harp, by Mr. Williams . . .

"VICTORIA", The Brisbane Courier (11 January 1865), 2

The Welsh, of all our compatriots who adhere to the traditions of nationality, infuse most of the art spirit into their associations, and song and bardic music seem to be cultivated with as much enthusiasm here as in the land famous for mountains, harpers, guttural language, and leeks. Report has spoken well of the Sebastopol Welsh choir, who made their first appearance in Melbourne at a concert last night, in St. George's hall, under the patronage of the Chief Justice, and in aid of the funds of the Orphan Asylum. The hall was very nearly filled, and evidently in a large proportion by natives of Wales, as evidenced by the enthusiasm with which the national music was received. The appearance of the choir was altogether most creditable, and speaks well for the intelligence and musical training of the Australian Sebastopol. The choir consists of about thirty members, conducted by Mr. D. T. Lloyd, and they were accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr. Henry King, and aided in a very agreeable manner by Mr. John Williams, the blind Welsh harpist. The performances consisted of a series of choruses and glees, songs by individual members of the choir, and a fantasia and several solos executed with spirit and taste on the harp by Mr. Williams. Of the choral music the best piece of the evening was a prize glee, "Cymru Gynt," the composition by Mr. W. Williams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry John King (pianist, accompanist)

[Advertisement], The Age (25 February 1865), 8 

ST. DAVID'S DAY. - The unrivalled Welsh blind Harpist, J. Williams, Esq. (Alaw Dare), will perform at the Banquet . . . on Wednesday evening, the 1st of MARCH, at the Protestant Hall, Melbourne.

"CELEBRATIONS OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Australian News for Home Readers (18 March 1865), 6

The anniversary festival of Cambria's patron saint was celebrated on Wednesday evening, the 22nd February [sic, 1 March], at the Protestant Hall. About 120 Cambrian colonists assembled to revive old reminiscences, and to do homage to the history and traditions of their mother land . . . Messrs. John Williams of Ballaarat, T. Morgan and D. Jones, of Williamstown, were the harpists, and they all acquitted themselves admirably . . . The performances of Mr. John Williams, the blind harpist, were particularly brilliant, especially a simultaneous performance on two harps. During the evening a harp was presented to Mr. Thomas Morgan, of Williamstown, by Mr. J. B. Humffray, on behalf of a number of Welsh gentlemen, who selected this mode of making their appreciation of the services rendered by him. The harp was made by Mr. D. Jones, of Williamstown . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Morgan (harpist); David Jones (harp maker)

[News], The Herald (1 June 1866), 2 

It is long since the Exhibition-building presented such a brilliant appearance as it did last evening, on the occasion of a concert given by the Cambrian Vocal Union in aid of the funds of the Melbourne Hospital . . . The Cambrian Union is a society of working miners, residing on Ballaarat, who have devoted their leisure time to the cultivation of the music of their native land . . . The entertainment was varied by Mr. Williams, the blind harpist (Alaw Dare), playing several solos on the harp, and by Signor Cutolo giving fantasias on the pianoforte from several operas. Mr. D. L. Thomas acted very efficiently as conductor, and Mr. H. King presided at the pianoforte.

ASSOCIATIONS: Cesare Cutolo (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1866), 3 

JOHN WILLIAMS. - PORTRAITS Captain, Officers, Missionaries; also, Welsh Choristers and celebrated Blind Harper, to he had only at Coulter's photographer, 67 Collins-street east.

"BALLARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (16 February 1867), 2 

. . . The Lancashire Bellringers have again made their appearance at the Mechanics' Institute, assisted by Miss Chalker and Mr. Williams, the Welsh harpist. The great success they have met with in the colonies must have well tuned their pockets, although it has had a contrary effect on their bells.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (vocalist); Lancashire Bellringers (troupe)

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Ballarat Star (2 January 1869), supplement 1 

The Eisteddfod was held again last year in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute. The president on Christmas-Day was Dr. Thomas, of Melbourne. Mr. Williams, the blind harper, was present, and he really opened the Eisteddfod by playing one of his delicious melodies . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (14 June 1869), 2 

A triple harp is a great rarity we hear, as rare perhaps as Mrs. Sigourney's days of fine weather in England. At a great Welsh gathering not long ago, in London, Mr. Brinley Richards stated that there was not such a thing as a triple harp in London. But the harp the blind harper plays on at the Welsh Eistedfodda here in Victoria is a triple harp, and another is about to be made by Mr. Jones, of Ballarat, for Mrs. Evans, of the Times hotel, Victoria street, Ballarat. The harp is to be exhibited at the coming art exhibition at the Mechanics' Institute . . .

The presentation of the testimonial, by the Welsh inhabitants of Ballarat, Sebastopol, and other places, to Mr. R. B. Williams, of Smeaton, took place at Lester's Rainbow hotel, Sturt-street, on Friday evening last . . . Mr. Williams, upon receiving the gifts, thanked the givers in suitable words, and expressed his desire to do at all times whatever he could in furthering the welfare of his compatriots here. Mr. Williams, the blind harper, was present and played several national airs during the time the company were together. The speeches and all the proceedings were in Welsh . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Brinley Richards (English musician)

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (21 July 1869), 2 

At the Fine Arts Exhibition this day will be shown - and we believe, in the evening, played upon by Mr. Williams, the blind harper - a splendid harp, constructed by Mr. D. Jones, for Mrs. S. Evans, of Ballarat. Mr. Jones was eminent as a maker of harps even before his residence in this country, and the present is the 119th he has made. It is a triple-stringed harp - giving the semi-tones; thereby dispensing with the use of pedals, and presenting a close resemblance to the stringing of the pianoforte. The instrument has the further advantage of possessing a brilliancy of tone unknown on ordinary harps, even of the best make. Last evening, at Evans' hotel, Victoria street, we had an opportunity of hearing a trial performance by Mr. Williams, and certainly all that is claimed for the instrument was conceded by many competent judges present. The harp has been constructed entirely within Mr. Evans' house - timber-work, painting, gilding, and stringing - and is a most elegant as well as scientific piece of work. The wood employed is well-seasoned blackwood from Bullarook Forest, and the general design and carving are of the most commendable description. Among other emblems employed in the decoration, is the Last of the Bards playing upon the harp of the form supposed to have been used in the remoter ages of Welsh minstrelsy. In connection with the Prince of Wales' plume, the motto "Ich Dien" is given . . .


. . . We had almost omitted to notice a very beautiful harp, constructed by Mr. D. Power [sic, Jones], and played upon before his Excellency, at the banquet, by the celebrated blind harper, Williams. It is a triple-stringed instrument, giving all the semi-tones, and thus dispensing with the pedals. It possesses excellent tone . . .

Death record, John Williams, 20 February 1870

1870, Deaths in the district of Newbridge in the colony of Victoria; Registry of BDM, Victoria

No. 507 / 2688/ Twentieth of February 1870 Newbridge / John Williams Harpist / Male Fortytwo years / Dysentry / [for] Twelve months / [last attended by] Edward Green, Sixteenth of February 1870 / [parents] John Williams Hotel Keeper / Martha Williams formerly Evans / Buried February 21st 1870 Newbridge [undertaker] David Jones / [born] Aberdare Wales [in Victoria] twelve years / [married] no / [children] none

"THE BLIND HARPER. TO THE EDITOR", The Ballarat Courier (8 March 1870), 2 

SIR, - You will greatly oblige by inserting the following: -
"Intelligence is just to hand of the death of Mr. John Williams, the blind harpist, at Newbridge, near Tarnagulla. Although the deceased was totally blind since he was seven years of age, he was considered an excellent musician, and a thoroughly accomplished Welsh harpist. As Mr. Williams resided in Ballarat for so many years, and was so well liked and appreciated by his countrymen for his skill in the art of that music which is so dear to every Welshman, I beg to suggest that some of his old friends, both in Ballarat and Sebastopol, unite together for the purpose of collecting, say £20 or £30, for the purpose of putting up a tombstone with some suitable lines engraved thereon, which could be written either in poetry or prose." -
I am, Sir, yours.
WELSHMAN. Ballarat, 7th March, 1870.

"ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Ballarat Star (2 March 1872), 2 

The anniversary of the patron saint of Wales was celebrated on Friday by the Welsh inhabitants of Ballarat and its vicinity by a soiree in the Alfred hall Assembly-room . . . Mr. D. L. Thomas was the conductor of the music, having under him the Welsh choir of near fifty members, from Sebastopol. There was no harp this year. The blind harper, John Williams, is gathered to his fathers, and no other harper was obtainable, so the soul-searching melody of the sweetest of national instruments was not there to grace the festival . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rosemary Hallo, Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents (Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide, 2014), 170-71 (DIGITISED)

NOTE however that the Erard harp, no 6111 (March 1855), that Hallo mis-identified as Williams's 1858 purchase, was in fact sold on 16 November 1858 to Mr. William Orr, of St. Kilda, Melbourne; see Erard ledger 3 page 190



? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 6 October 1852 (per Cossipore, from London, 14 June, and Dartmouth 23 June) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Names and descriptions of passengers per Cossipore from London, 14 June 1852, for Port Phillip; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Henry Williams / 28 . . . (DIGITISED)

. . . Wilkie / [male] // Wilkie / [female] // . . . John Gregg / 26 // Edwin Gregg / 19 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

WILL take place on Friday next, October 15th, at the Mechanics' Institution. He will be assisted by Mrs. Testar, and the following eminent performers will make their first appearance in Victoria -
Mr. John Gregg, the celebrated basso, from the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, Drury Lane, &c.
Mr. Percy Williams, and Mr. St. Albans, from the London Concerts . . .
Full particulars and programme in to-morrow's paper.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5

Will take place on Friday next, October 15th, 1852, at the Mechanics' Institution,
Mr. John Gregg, Mr. Percy Williams, Mr. St. Albans - First appearance in Victoria
Mr. Charles Wilkie, Solo Concertinest
Mr. Buddee, Pianist
Concert to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Song - Mr. St. Albans, Normandy Maid
Cavatina - Mrs. Testar, Mi ja Tilio [sic] - Pucci
Recit and Air - Mr. John Gregg, Rage the angry storm - Benedict
Solo Concertina - Mr. Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr. Percy Williams, Thou art gone from my gaze - Linly
Ballad - Mr. John Gregg, In this old Chair - Balfe
Trio - Mrs. Testar, Mr. St Albans, and Mr. Grieg, The Magic Wove Scarf - Barnet
Ballad - Mr. Percy Williams, Then you'll remember me - Balfe
Scotoh Ballad - Mrs. Testar - My ain Countrie
Solo Concertina - Mr. Charles Wilkie
Ballad - Mr. John Gregg, The heart bowed down - Balfe
Song - Mr. St. Albans - The Slave
Song - Mr. Charles Wilkie, The Maid of Llanwellyn - Purday
Song - Mr. Percy William, When time hath bereft thee - Cooke
Tickets 5s each to be obtained at the Music and Pianoforte Saloon, 15, Collins-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Wilkie (musician); Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Edmund St. Albin (vocalist); Julius Buddee (piano); Thursday Concerts (Melbourne series); Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

MUSIC: Thou art gone from my gaze (Linley); Then you'll remember me (Balfe); When time hath bereft thee (Cooke, after Auber)

WILLIAMS, Robert Bevan (Robert Bevan WILLIAMS; R. B. WILLIAMS)

Musical amateur, precentor (Presbyterian), teacher of psalmody

Born Wales, 23 March 1828 (date on headstone); son of William WILLIAMS and Mary
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (per Marco Polo, from England)
Married Elizabeth STOREY, Ballarat, VIC, 1857
Died Smeaton, VIC, 20 May 1902, aged "74" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"News and Notes", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (4 February 1860), 2

Mr. R. B. Williams, of Lake Learmouth, being about to leave the district for Smeaton, it has occurred to a number of his friends there that they should invite him to a social entertainment before he goes . . . As secretary for the Agricultural Society, precentor and teacher of psalmody in the Presbyterian Church, and in other ways, Mr. Williams has become well known to the community in the farming districts, and on all sides he is universally esteemed. His nature prevents the possibility of his making any enemies. He and his estimable wife will be long remembered in the community, and especially in the congregation of which he has been a highly worthy and useful member.

"THE WELSH EISTEDDVOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4 

The meetings at the ancient Eisteddvodic Institution, held by the Kymry of Victoria, were held in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Ballarat, on Friday and Saturday . . .

"THE WELSH EISTEDDVOD", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (31 December 1863), 7 

. . . Mr. R. B. Williams having been appointed the constitutor of the meeting, addressed the audience. He dwelt on the desirability of getting the men of talent in the colony to co-operate in the upholding of the Victorian Eisteddvod, so as to bring it near the standard of the old country, and not leave it to a few anxious persons, who felt their inability to perform actions worthy of the nation with this, their national institution. He then called the president, Mr. Robert Lewis, to occupy the chair of the Ballaarat Eisteddvod, who was received with enthusiastic demonstrations and cheers . . .

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (31 December 1864), 2 

SIR, - Having prefaced my report of the proceedings of the above institution, which took place at Castlemaine on the 26th and 27th of December, with the names of the different officers and the judges who adjudicated on the different competitions, the publication of which was omitted by you, with the following fact to be made known. It was Mrs. Fatherly, in conjunction with two of our Welsh friends, that adjudicated on the musical performances, and I can assure the public that my countrymen highly appreciate and esteem the abilities of the celebrated lady.
R. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Crofton Fatherley (musician)

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Ballarat Star (27 December 1865), 2-3 

The Ballarat gathering of natives of Wales in [3] their Eisteddfod was the most successful of all that have been held in Victoria. The first day's session was held in the Charlie Napier Theatre on Christmas day and the second on Boxing day in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute. Large audiences assembled on both days, and on the second day the hall of the Mechanics' Institute was crowded to excess . . . In poetry the judge was Mr. W. Hughes (Gwillym mon); in musical composition the Rev. E. Stevens (Talhaiharn), North Wales; in vocal music, Messrs, Boddycomb of Sebastopol, Llewellyn of Melbourne and Lewis of Ballarat . . . in Welsh grammar, Mr. R. B. Williams . . . in arithmatic and natural philosophy, Mr. R. B. Williams . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (27 May 1869), 2 

A meeting of the Welsh friends of Mr. R. B. Williams, Smeaton, was held on Wednesday evening at Lester's Rainbow hotel, for the purpose of presenting him with an address and a purse of sovereigns. Mr. Williams was not able to be present, and it was agreed to send him the purse, and postpone the meeting for the presentation of the address. Mr. Williams, the Welsh harper, was present, and gave selections of music, and the Rev. Wm. Evans addressed the meeting. Mr. Davis was in the chair.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Williams (harpist)


. . . I am fortunate in claiming among my friends in this district Mr. R. B. Williams, of Kooroocheang, who, with his estimable family, have fostered a love for music and its culture among hundreds of the young people in this district. The days of Eisteddfod and choirs are past. The young people are rearing their numerous broods afar off, but the old folks remain on their farms around these hills. Mr. Williams says that in the days of the rush for the Yandoit reefs, an abundance of quartz was obtained there just as rich as that of the Welcome . . .

"CRESWICK (From our Correspondent) Wednesday [21 May]", The Ballarat Star (22 May 1902), 6 

A well-known and highly respected resident of Kooroocheang, died at his residence yesterday (Mr. R. B. Williams). Deceased was a very old resident of the district.

Probate and administration, Robert Bevan Williams, 1902; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Robert Bevan Williams", Find a grave 


Amateur musician, violinist, vocalist, actor, poet, songwriter, musicseller, auctioneer

Born St. Marylebone, London, England, c. 1816; son of Edward WILLIAMS
Arrived NSW, 8 May 1838 (bounty emigrant per Orontes, aged "22")
Married Elizabeth MAY, Whittingham, NSW, 1838
Active Maitland area, NSW, by 1840s
Died Singleton, NSW, January 1862, aged 46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Bounty immigrant, per Orontes, 1838; State Records Authority of NSW (BDA/Biographical database of Australia) (PAYWALL)

Thomas Williams / per Orontes / Arrived Sydney, 18 May 1838 from London 3 December 1837 / Bounty immigrant / Single / 22 years; Born St. Marylebone / Chemist druggist / father Edward Williams medical profession / was accepted as servant to Dr Brock (State Records 4/4833)

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 June 1846), 2

The play of " William Tell," and the farce of the " Man with the Carpet Bag," came off this evening [11 June 1846] . . . In the farce of the "Man with the Carpet Bag," our poet Williams was just the thing; and Belfield, as the Irish waiter or boots, kept the house in a roar; the boys were uproarious. "Seldom seen anything better done," said a quandom cockney - "it vas wastly veel, and no mistake." A new song, composed by the lauréat, called "Sydney Avertising," [sic] excited considerable merriment. The nett proceeds of our theatre, it is known, are always handed over to the managers of the Benevolent Asylum, an institution meriting more support than the contributions of the district can well afford . . . The nett proceeds of our theatre, it is known, are always handed over to the managers of the Benevolent Asylum, an institution meriting more support than the contributions of the district can well afford. The Singleton little band, notwithstanding the removal of Mr. Saffery, did their best in the musical department; and the whole affair gave great satisfaction . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Belfield (actor); Edward Charles Saffery (musician)

"SINGLETON. BOXING DAY", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 January 1847), 2

. . . In the evening we were highly entertained at the opening of the Royal Albert Theatre. The house was crowded in every part. The pieces selected were "Venice Preserved," and "The Tailor of Tamworth." A very clever and well written poetical address was delivered by Mr. Maxwell, the author, which elicited great applause . . . After the tragedy, Mr. Williams sung Mr. Griffin's excellent song of "Barney O'Keefe," in his usual comic style, and was loudly encored. In the "Tailor of Tamworth," Mr. Belfield was quite at home . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Benjamin Pitt Griffin (songwriter)

"SINGLETON . . . THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (6 February 1847), 2

Mr. Maxwell took his farewell benefit on Thursday last; the house was pretty full. "The Miller's Maid," "Quite at Home, and "The Negro of Wapping," were the pieces performed . . . Between the pieces, Mr. Williams sang "Auld Robin Gray", and "John Anderson my Jo"; and in both songs was loudly applauded . . .

"SINGLETON . . . ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING", The Maitland Mercury (24 April 1847), 2

. . . Thomas Williams, a confectioner's license, from George-street to Elizabeth-street.

"SINGLETON . . . THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (24 April 1847), 2

The "Royal Albert" opened on Tuesday evening to a fashionable audience. The pieces selected on the occasion were "Is she a Woman?" and Mr. Belfield's amusing farce, called "Auslralian Assurance." Mrs. Arabin - the "star of the night" - appeared in both pieces, and was received with enthusiasm . . . In "Australian Assurance", Williams, as Tim Murphy, kept the house in a constant roar . . . Mr. Williams's benefit is fixed for Tuesday next, on which occasion Mrs. Arabin will make her second debut before a Singleton audience in the character of Fortunato Falcone, the Brigand's Son, in which she will introduce the admired ballad "Some love to roam," accompanied on the violin by Mr. Williams. Very glittering "bills of the play" are posted about the town announcing the forthcoming performances.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frances Arabin (actor, vocalist)

MUSIC: Some love to roam (Henry Russell)

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 October 1847), 1

A public meeting of the inhabitants of Singleton took place at Mr. Rotton's Inn on Tuesday last, for the purpose of receiving the annual report of the committee or the Singleton and Patrick's Plains Benevolent Society . . . Proposed by Mr. HENRY BAILEY, and seconded by Mr. THOMAS WILLIAMS, "That the thanks of the meeting be given to the medical gentlemen who have given their services to the society." Carried . . .

"SINGLETON. MR. DONALDSON'S VISIT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (26 February 1848), 2

. . . After the meeting Mr. Donaldson, accompanied by a number of the most influential gentlemen in the district, proceeded to Mr. Munro's (the Fitzroy Hotel), where an excellent and substantial lunch was provided . . . The desert having been concluded, the Chairman . . . gave the "Queen and royal family" . . .
The Chairman having called upon Mr. Gaggin for a song, that gentleman sang "The bonny English Rose," which was much applauded . . .
Song - Mr. Goodall, "When you are out in the bush" (applause) . . .
DR. STOLWORTHY proposed, in a short and able speech, "Prosperity to the press" (cheers).
Mr. WILLIAMS rose and said, he was, he believed, the only person present in any way connected with the press. He wished the honor of replying to that toast had fallen into abler hands, as he knew that he was inadequate to the task. If he was to say that he was a bad speaker he would be making a great mistake, as the fact was - he was "no speaker at all" [laughter.] But having been for some time connected with the "Maitland Mercury," he would, on behalf of the editor of that paper, and for the colonial press generally, return thanks [applause.]
Song - Mr. Williams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Stuart Alexander Donaldson (member of parliament); John Gaggin (vocalist); Richard Wright Goodall (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (9 December 1848), 3

The net proceeds to be presented to the funds of the Maitland Hospital.
THE AMATEUR COMPANY of MAITLAND have the honour to announce that the next Performance will take place on
WEDNESDAY EVENING NEXT, the 13th of December, 1848,
when the Theatre will RE-OPEN with the national anthem of "GOD SAVE THE QUEEN," by the whole strength of the Company. -
After which will be presented (for the first time) Otway's celebrated Tragedy of VENICE PRESERVED.
After which, a MUSICAL MELANGE, consisting of various Comic and Sentimental Songs;
and "Barney O'Keefe in Australia," by Mr. Williams, of Singleton, who has kindly volunteered his services . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 December 1848), 3

Fitz Roy Amateur Theatre . . . THURSDAY EVENING, December 21, 1848 . . .
Favorite Song - "The City of Sligo" . . . Comic Song - "Paddy's Grave" . . .
The whole to conclude with the highly laughable Farce of THE TURNED HEAD.
The part of DICK (Servant of All-work to Dr. Mulgent, and a disciple of hydropathy,) by Mr. WILLIAMS, of Singleton, for this night only . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (15 August 1849), 1 

New comic Song.
JUST PUBLISHED, and to be had of the Author, price Sixpence,
"A TRIP TO CALIFORNIA" Written by Thomas Williams, of George-street, Singleton.
Can also be had at the Mercury Office, West Maitland.

ASSOCIATIONS: California gold rush (event)

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 December 1854), 3

At Camden Town, London, on the 19th September, in his 90th year, Edward Williams, Esq., M.D., father of Mr. Thomas Williams, of Singleton.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 June 1855), 3 

Literary and Musical Repository, Singleton.
"Read, mark, learn and inwardly digest."
Now Landing ex "Harvest Home."
THE undersigned begs to inform his friends in the Hunter River District, that he will in a few days open a consignment of BOOKS, MUSIC, and ENGRAVINGS, selected by his brother Mr. Folkstone Williams, in London, and just arrived by the above vessel.
The catalogue consists among others, of the following works White's History of Selborne . . .
The Peoples' Music Book . . . Warren's Psalmody . . .
Also, a selection of new and fashionable Music, including the Organ Student, parts 1 to 35;
Corfe's Principles of Harmony, Salomon's Classical Pianist's Recreations,
Pianoforte Pieces, (various); Vocal Duet, ditto; Songs, ditto;
Walter Maynard's Instructions in Singing, &c., &c . . .
On Sale, a first-rate Barrel Organ (ten tunes), an Harmonium,
Violins, Flutes, Fifes, Clarionettes, Acordians, Violin Bridges, Strings, Bows, Pegs, &c.
THOMAS WILLIAMS, George-street, Singleton.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Folkstone Williams (1809-1870, elder brother)

"Poetry", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 December 1856), 4 

AIR - "Cheer, Boys, Cheer!"

Dig, boys, dig! the Rocky has its treasure;
Dig, boys, dig! with crowbar, pick, and spade;
Dig, boys, dig! no more of idle leisure;
Dig, boy, dig! there are fortunes to be made.
Why stay at home, where little you are earning -
Your wives and children pining at hard fate?
Come to the Rocky, soon you will be learning
The right way to fortune--the rich and happy state.
Dig, boys, dig! the Rocky has its treasure, &c. . . . [2 more verses]

MUSIC: Cheer, boys, cheer (Henry Russell)

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (18 December 1858), 3 

"Freemasons Arms," Mount Welsh Gully, ROCKY RIVER.
THOMAS WILLIAMS, ever anxious to cater for the amusement of the public,
begs to announce that he will on the above evening throw open his
SPACIOUS SALOON, to which he has added a
THEATRE, tastefully fitted up: he therefore invites his friends and customers to a grand
FREE BALL AND SUPPER On MONDAY, the 27th instant.
Several eminent amateurs trave kindly volunteered their services on the occasion, and Mr. William Barlow will sing an original song about his adventures on the Rocky.
After which, a Grand Assaut d'Arms between Mr. Barlow and Professor James Crow.
All are Welcome!

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (6 January 1859), 4 

Written by THOMAS WILLIAMS, and sung by him with the most enthusiastic applause, at his new Theatre, Rocky River.
Published by the author, at the earnest request of several of his friends, and to be had at the
Freemason's Arms Hotel, Rocky River. Price One Shilling

"AMUSEMENTS AT THE ROCKY", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (15 January 1859), 3 

Mr. Thos. Williams, at the Rocky, seems to be as lively as ever. He has completed a theatre, in which to amuse the miners, and he has published a laughable song, entitled "Billy Barlow's Adventures at the Rocky Diggings," in which he draws the successively developed misfortunes of his hero with great gusto, and ends by depicting the poor fellow being left with a squalling infant, while his wife has eloped with a boss of the Flowery Land. We anticipate a wide circulation for the song on the diggings.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 January 1862), 4

On the morning of Thursday last, died Mr. Thomas Williams, aged forty six years. The causes of death were a violent bleeding at the nose, which broke out about three weeks since, consequent prostration and tetanic action. Deceased was attended by Drs. Glennie and Hartigan. Owing to an impression of deceased, which had been circulated, that a plug of sponge had been used to stop the bleeding had not been withdrawn, a post mortem examination was made by Dr. Calov, which proved to be unnecessary. Deceased was known as having been engaged at one or other time in many avocations. He served under Sir De Lacy Evans in the Spanish War of Independence. He came to this colony in 1838, and settled in Singleton, and since then, as is well-known, identified himself with the public interests of the town. Among his rainy pursuits are those of a medical man, auctioneer, and editor. He died much respected by all who knew him, and leaves a wife and one daughter unmarried. The funeral took place yesterday afternoon, attended by a large concourse of friends. The funeral service was performed at the English Church.

ASSOCIATIONS: George de Lacy Evans (soldier)

WILLIAMS, William [1] (William WILLIAMS)

Musician, master of the Band of the 63rd Regiment

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 26 July 1829 (per Georgiana, from Sydney, 12 July, ? having arrived there 10 July, from UK by the Waterloo, 16 March)
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 December 1833 (per Lord Lyndoch, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 63rd Regiment (military band)


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (1 August 1829), 2 

Arrived on Sunday the bark Georgiana, 403, Thomson, from Sydney 12th July, (chartered to convey the 40th regt. to India), with the head quarters and band of the 63d, (who arrived out in the prison ship Waterloo to Sydney) . . .

Pay-list of the 63rd regiment from 25 September to 24 December 1829 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Drum-Major as Serjeant - Bowyer George / Emb'k for N. S. Wales . . .
Sergeants . . . Williams Wm. / Emb'k for N. S. Wales / Band

"Paul Pry in Hobart Town", Launceston Advertiser (23 November 1829), 4 

. . . Och! Och! cried I putting my hands to my ears as I went to hear the Band of the 63rd Regiment of foot amusing the Cockneys of Hobart town on Wednesday last on Cottage green. Do have some mercy on your lungs my good fellows - music does not depend on noise alone - clash and jingle may be very good accompaniments in their places - but this infernal clamour is neither warlike nor harmonious - breathe soft ye strains, and crack not the bags of AEolus - Mr. Band Master, tell your Pipers to learn a little piano as well as forte.

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town in the County of Buckingham in the year 1830; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1081047; RGD32/1/1/ no 3402 (DIGITISED)

No. 709 / 18th August / Born 12th July 1830 / Martha Anne / [daughter of] William and Mary / Williams / Hobart Town / Master of Band of 63d Regm't / [officiant] Wm. Bedford

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Tasmanian [Hobart Town, TAS] (27 August 1830), 6 

On Saturday last, Mr. DEANE gave his concert as advertised in the newspapers . . . The concert commenced with a grand symphony by Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63) seconds, Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect and received with the warmest applause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (violin, leader); Thomas Bock (viola); John Deane (viola); John Offor (cello)

Pay-list of the 63rd regiment from 1 January to 31 March 1831 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Drum-Major as Serjeant - Bowyer George / Emb'k for N. S. Wales . . .
Sergeants . . . Williams Wm. / Emb'k for N. S. Wales / Band Master . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

. . . The following are the details of the proceeds of the Concert on the 21st of Sept., 1831, viz:-
Amount received for tickets sold - £38 17 0
Paid Mr. J. E. Cox for refreshment for performers and band - £6 5 6 . . .
Do. Mr. Williams, Master of the band - 2 2 0
Do. 3 men from do. - 1 10 0 . . .
Do. door-keeper - 0 10 0
Advertisements - 1 7 0
Concert bills - 2 10 0
Music paper and copying - 1 12 6 . . .
Mr. Hickson, 63d band - . . .
[signed] JOHN P. DEANE . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town in the County of Buckingham in the year 1831; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1081544; RGD32/1/1/ no 3898 (DIGITISED)

No. 932 / 2nd November / Born 8th October 1831 / Jane Emelia / [daughter of] William and Mary / Williams / Hobart Town / Master of band 63rd Regim't / [officiant] Wm. Bedford

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (3 March 1832), 2

The company assembled at the Government house on the Queen's birth day, on Friday last, was by far the most numerous that has ever met on any occasion in this colony, notwithstanding the fall of rain in the morning, which either retarded or entirely prevented the arrival of several of the guests from the country. Soon after two the company began to assemble, and on entering the commodious apartments by a beautiful arched avenue, composed of the branches and flowers of the lovely odoriferous shrubs of the island, were agreeably surprised on passing into the large room fronting the river, at the delightful scene which suddenly opened to the view from the terraced piazza overlooking the river. The numerous vessels from England, India, Sydney, and the Mauritius, which had arrived the preceding week, together with H. M. S. Sulphur, a crowd of boats and small craft, all more or less decorated with flags, the large assemblage of well dressed persons promenading along the shore to the Battery point, watching the boat races, the salutes of the military, the Battery, and the Sulphur, and the striking up at intervals of the band of the 63rd, brought to such perfection since its arrival under the Bandmaster, Mr. Williams, produced such a power of animated beauty, as to strike cheerfulness and delight into the heart even of the most care worn who could yet participate in the purest pleasure of humanity . . . After enjoying this lively scene for some time, the doors leading into the long and spacious front verandah were thrown open, where an elegant dejeuner was prepared . . . The company then adjourned to the ball [3] room, where the dancing and festivities were kept up till a late hour.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (5 July 1833), 2

The colony has recently acquired a considerable accession of musical talent in the bandmaster of the 21st fusileers who on the removal of the regiment to India, proposes, we learn, to remain and become a settler in the colony; and Mr. Peck, an experienced performer on the violin, who, we learn, has acquired most of the peculiar talents of Paganani [sic]. These being added, to our old and tried favourites Messrs. Reichenberg, Deane, Russel, Marshall, Williams, of the 63d., with several others not actual professors, in conjunction with Mrs. Davis, and other ladies of vocal acquirement, will shortly, we are glad to learn, unite their talents and delight the inhabitants of Hobart-town with a concert inferior to none out of London. Since writing the above, we observe a concert is fixed for Monday next.

ASSOCIATIONS: Angus McLeod (musician, settler), formerly master of the Band of the 21st Regiment (military); George Peck (violinist); William Wilkins Russell (musician); John Marshall (musician); Sophia Letitia Davis (vocalist)

"BIRTH", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (8 October 1833), 3 

At the Military Barracks, yesterday morning, Mrs. WILLIAMS, the wife of Mr. WILLIAMS, master of the band of the 63d regiment, of a daughter.

"DIED", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (15 October 1833), 3 

At the Military Barracks on Sunday evening last, the 13th instant, in childbed, Mrs. Williams, wife of the talented Band Master of the 63rd Regiment, leaving three small children, including her new-born infant.

Burials in the parish of Hobart Town in the county of Buckingham in the year 1833; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1178701; RGD34/1/1 no 3101 (DIGITISED)

No. 1290 / Mary Williams / Hobart Town / [buried] 16th October / 25 years / Band Master's Wife 63d Regim't / [officiant] Wm. Bedford

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town in the County of Buckingham in the year 1833; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1082493; RGD32/1/2/ no 4835 (DIGITISED)

30th October / [born] 7th October 1833 / Angelica Mary / [daughter of] William and Mary / Williams / Hobart Town / Master of Band 63 Regm't / [officiant] Wm. Bedford

ASSOCIATIONS: Angelica Mary Williams died Madras, India; buried, 24 March 1834


. . . One of our oldest inhabitants remembers the band of the 63rd Regiment (now 1st Manchester) about the year 1828 [sic]. Williams was band-master. The instruments used at that period were principally the key-bugle and the serpent (bass). There was a band sergeant named Cassidy, who was an expert on the former; he was often seen taking his rambles around the town playing his bugle. The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833 . . .

WILLIAMS, William [2] (William WILLIAMS)

Musician, wandering musician, itinerant musician

Active Hobart, TAS, 1859 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE COURT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (1 November 1859), 3

Absconding. - William Williams, a wandering musician, t. l. [ticket-of-leave], was remanded till Wednesday on a charge of absconding.

"POLICE COURT . . . An absconder", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (3 November 1859), 2 

William Williams an absconder, whilst on pass from the Prisoner's Barracks to the Police Office, on the 26th ult., was found guilty and was sentenced to six months' imprisonment.

WILLIAMS, William Henry (William Henry WILLIAMS; W. H. WILLIAMS)

Musician, tenor vocalist, general and music printer and publisher, music and theatre journalist

Born Chester, Cheshire, England, 1831; baptised St. John the Baptist, Chester, 16 October 1831; son of John WILLIAMS (1787-1862) and Frances HOLBROOK (1790-1875
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852
Married Mary Eliza FLORANCE (1839-1924), Independent church, Melbourne, VIC, 17 August 1857
Died Malvern, VIC, 8 December 1910, aged "79" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


William Henry Williams was the youngest surviving son of John Williams, a native of Chester, a cordwainer and later a boot and shoe manufacturer, and his wife Frances Holbrook, originally from Deal, Kent, who married at All Saints, Hastings, Sussex, on 22 September 1810.

Williams was honorary secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in March 1855, and regularly appeared as a vocal soloist in Philharmonic and other concerts through to the late 1880s.

In 1854 he printed 1000 copies of the Rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society at his own expense.

In October 1856, Williams issued Walter Bonwick's new ballad The Irish peasant girl, published "for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum", having probably having done the typesetting and printing gratis.

Possibly predating it slightly was George Leavis Allan's booklet, A collection of thirty standard psalm tunes in vocal score, probably printed for use by Allan's singing classes.

In 1856 Williams began printing George Slater's The Illustrated Journal of Australasia, the second volume of which (January to June 1857) featured monthly music supplements, including new songs by Walter Bonwick, Stephen Massett, Sidney Nelson, George Tolhurst, and William Henry Tolhurst. Williams also reissued the ten musical supplements, along with other material from the journal, as Williams's Australian musical annual and Australian sketch book for 1858. Also in 1858 he published Bonwick and George Weinritter's collection of Thirty-three easy songs for schools. Williams also typeset and printed music for other publishers.

In the 1880s, as "W. H. W.", he wrote theatrical and musical reminiscences and obituaries of many artists of the 1850s and 1860s for The Lorgnette and The Herald.


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Mary on the Hill, Chester; UK National Archives, HO107/2171/791/27 (PAYWALL)

The City Walls / John Williams / Head / Mar. / 63 / Boot & Shoe maker employing 14 men 6 women & 3 boys / [born] Chester . . . Frances / Wife / 60 / - / [born] Chester . . .
Charles / Son / Un. / 22 / Printer's Compositor / [born] Kent Deal . . .

NOTE: Correctly, Frances was born in Deal, Kent, and William's elder brother Charles in Chester

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1853), 1

WANTED an Office Boy at W. H. Williams's Printing Office 79 Bourke-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1854), 1 

MR. WILLIAM CAPES, will oblige, by calling on W. H. Williams, at 94 Bourke-street.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (12 January 1855), 5 

The Annual Meeting of this Society took place at the Mechanics' Institute, on Tuesday evening, and was well attended . . . The elections were next entered into and the result is appended. - President, His Honor, Mr. Justice Barry; Vice-Presidents, Mr. Jno. M. Smith and Reverend William Jarrett; Conductor, Mr. Jno. Russell; Secretary, Mr. J. Patterson; Treasurer, Mr. J. J. Blundell; Librarian, Mr. J. C. Stead; Assistant do, Mr. F. B. Hood; Committee, Messrs. J. Edwards, T. Ewart, J. Griffiths, - Gould [sic], G. B. Hailes, W. P. Walker, and W. H. Williams . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Redmond Barry (president); William Jarrett (vice-president); John Russell (conductor); Thomas Ewart (member); Joseph Griffiths (member); Thomas Green Goold (member); George Button Hailes (member); Melbourne Philharmonic Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1855), 7

A selection from Handel's Oratorio of "SAMSON" will be performed on Tuesday, 18th inst., in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institution, to commence at half-past seven o'clock.
Books of the words, &c., price 6d., to be had at the doors.
Tickets (limited in number) 7s. 6d. each, can be obtained at the Institution; from J. J. Blundell and Co., booksellers, Collins-street west; and from Slater, Williams and Hodgson, 94 Bourke-street east.
Members' Tickets can be had only from W. H. Williams, Hon. Sec. pro tem., at 494 Bourke-street east, from eleven to twelve, a. m., and five to six p.m.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Slater (business partner); Alfred Hodgson (business partner)

"SACRED PERFORMANCE AT BRUNSWICK", The Age (31 August 1855), 5 

On Wednesday evening a performance of sacred music took place in the Wesleyan Chapel, Brunswick in aid of the funds of the Brunswick and Pentridge Athenaeum. The programme consisted of a selection from Haydn's "Creation," together with "He watching over Israel," from Mendelssohn's "Elijah," "I waited for the Lord," from the "Hymn of Praise," and the lovely Aria, "O, had I Jubal's lyre," from Handel's Joshua. The principal vocalists were Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Goodliffe, Mr. and Mrs. Dredge, Messrs. Moxon, Ewart and Williams; Mr. Russell conducted. There being a full attendance in the chapel, the funds of the Athenaeum will be considerably augmented by the sale of the tickets. The choruses were filled by several members of the Philharmonic Society from Melbourne. It has been noticed with regret, that the performances of this society occur so seldom; there is little doubt that a repetition of the concert given at the Mechanics' Hall on Tuesday, would be well attended.

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Mrs. Goodliffe (vocalist); William and Jenny Dredge (vocalists); Septimus Moxon (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1856), 6 

DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. Notice. - The firm of Slater, Williams, and Hodgson,
or Slater, Williams, Hodgson, and Co., is this day Dissolved by mutual consent. George Slater and William Henry Williams are authorised to receive debts due to the said firm in Melbourne and elsewhere, excepting Castlemaine. And Arthur Thomas Hodgson is authorised to collect debts due to the said firm in Castlemaine and its neighborhood.
G. Slater will continue to carry on the Bookselling and Stationery branch of the business at 94 Bourke-street;
W. H. Williams will carry on the Printing branch, also at 94 Bourke-street;
and A. T. Hodgson will carry on the business at Castlemaine.
Witness to all the signatures (Signed) Rob. Meikle. Melbourne, 14th June, 1856.

"MUSIC TYPE", The Age (22 September 1856), 3 

Mr. W. H. Williams, printer, of Bourke-street east, has just issued a small collection of tunes for the use of the Congregational Psalmody Class, at present conducted by Mr. A. Brunton, at Dr. Cairns' Church, Eastern Hill. The production is exceedingly creditable to Mr. Williams, and, if we are not mistaken, will go far towards inducing persons deterred, by expense of the ordinary process of printing from plates or from the stone, to adopt the principle of copper types in making their musical efforts known to the world. Mr. Williams is the first to introduce this ingenious appliance into the colony, and he deserves support as a reward for his enterprise.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Brunton (singing class leader); Adam Cairns (Presbyterian clergyman)

See also "JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PROGRESS", The illustrated journal of Australasia 1 (1856), 139 (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. Brunton, who has already manifested his skill as a teacher of singing, has opened a class for the practice of Psalmody. The meetings are held in Chalmers' Church. The tunes selected for use are printed in the form of a neat book by Mr. W. H. Williams, and are deserving of mention, as the use of music type is almost new here . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 September 1856), 8 

WE, the undersigned, hereby agree to allow on additional hour in the middle of the day on Tuesday to our several employes, for the purpose of enabling them to exercise a free use of the franchise, and would earnestly recommend the adoption of the same to all firms and establishments in Melbourne. (Signed) Geo. Slater, W. H. Williams . . . John C. Stead . . . G. Chapman . . . And others.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chapman (musicseller, musician); Melbourne and St. Kilda constituency election day 23 September 1856; see Argus editorial


This department is not very notable. The best examples of book work are contributed by Mr. W. H. Williams, of Bourke street, and Mr. Fairfax, of Collins street. Mr. Williams, also exhibits show cards in colors and bronzes, and a very creditable collection of psalm tunes printed in music type, which Mr. Williams was the first to introduce into the colony.

"SERVICE OF SONG", Launceston Examiner [TAS] (10 January 1857), 3

IN the December number of the Journal of Australasia there is an excellent paper on choral singing . . . We have been led to the present consideratrion on the subject by a movement now in progress, which we are glad to encourage and assist in every possible way. During the last few weeks, a class numbering nearly three hundred persons has met in Chalmers' Church for the practice of psalmody. It may be worth wile to remark here that the class has no connection with the church, which is merely lent for the purpose. The conductor of the classes is a Mr. Brunton, whose skill as a teacher has been before commended in this Journal, and in other publications. The present course consists of six lectures, and is preliminary to more extensive classes which the lecturer proposes to open in Melbourne and Collingwood. In order to make the knowledge acquired in these classes immediately available, it is desired to introduce a uniform system into all the churches of every denomination. To this end negotiations have been opened with the clergy and heads of churches, and the proposition has been cordially received wherever it has yet been made. If the public respond to the invitation, as we have no doubt it will, a committee of ministers and choir leaders will be formed to select suitable tunes, and arrange other details; and the tunes adopted will be printed especially in a convenient and cheap form. We have been surprised to learn that the printer of the collection now in use by the class has declared his ability to publish parts monthly or otherwise, each containing, from twenty to thirty tunes suitably arranged, at a shilling, if the circulation exceed a thousand. This should be easily attained . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 March 1857), 8 

TOTAL ABSTINENCE FESTIVAL to be held in thE TEMPERANCE HALL, Russell-street, Melbourne, on EASTER MONDAY, APRIL 13th, and following days . . .
Societies or individuals desiring to promote this object are invited to communicate with W. H. Williams, Corresponding Secretary of the Melbourne Total Abstinence Society, 94 Bourke-street east, Melbourne.


Yesterday evening the Exhibition Building presented a most brilliant appearance. Separation Day having been made the occasion for a great gathering of the advocates of temperance, with a view of inaugurating ths Temperance League, and raising a fund of one thousand pounds in order to carry out its object . . . During the evening, the proceedings were relieved by some excellent glee singing by Messrs. Goodliffe, Williams, Fletcher, Angus, Ewart, Tolhurst, senior, Charles Cook, and Mrs. Goodliffe, who gave their services on the occasion. There were several encores. Mr. G. Tolhurst presided at the piano, and played judicious accompaniments to several airs sang by Mrs. Goodliffe, and Messrs. Williams and Angus. The proceedings, which were of a very pleasing nature, did not terminate till nearly eleven o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Silvanus Angus (vocalist); William Henry Tolhurst (vocalist); Charles Cook (vocalist); George Tolhurst (pianist)

William Henry Williams, marriage, 17 August 1857

1857, Marriages solemnized in the district of Melbourne; Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages Victoria

No. 190 / 17 August 1857 Melbourne / William Henry Williams / Bachelor / [born] Chester / Printer / 25 / Melbourne / [son of] John Williams Cordwainer[and] Frances Holbrook
Mary Eliza Florance / Spinster / [born] Dorset / - / 17 / Collingwood / [daughter of] William Florance dec'd [and] Eliza Mannasse
Married according to the rites of the Independents . . . [by] Alexander Morrison . . .

[2 advertisements], The Argus (23 January 1858), 7 

MELBOURNE VOCALIST - Fifth Edition. - Both Series now ready, 2s. 6d. each. Williams, 94 Bourke-street east.

WILLIAMS'S MUSICAL ANNUAL, positively in a few days. Ten songs, with beautiful engravings, for 6s.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1858), 7 

WILLIAMS'S MUSICAL ANNUAL, and AUSTRALIAN SKETCH BOOK, just published, containing ten songs, &c., with accompaniment, forming a handsome present for ladies, 6s. All booksellers.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 May 1858), 4 

We have just received from the publisher, Mr. W. H. Williams, of Bourke street, a copy of a useful little collection of songs, in two or more parts, compiled for the use of Australian youth, by G. M. Weinritter and W. Bonwick, teachers of vocal music under the Board of National Education. The songs and music are principally original, are beautifully printed in music-type, and deserve to be extensively patronised.


. . . The performance of Wednesday evening at the Montezuma was in every way a most remarkable one . . . It was pleasing to see so little foreign aid required. Beyond Mrs. Hancock, (treble) Mr. W. H. Williams (tenor - one of the oldest and best members of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society), Mr. Hancock (bass) and a few instrumentalists, none but Ballarat people took part . . . The first recitative "Comfort ye," followed by the "Ev'ry Valley shall be exalted" were sung by Mr. W. H. Williams with great precission, his clear and not misaccented notes being carefully given, and the triumphant chorus "And the glory of the Lord" followed, ringing through the house with an effect rather surprising to the unaccustomed ears of our Ballarat public . . . Mr. Williams made a great, impression in "Thy rebuke," and "Behold and see" . . . The quintette, "Lift, up your heads," was admirably sung by Mrs. Moss, Miss Kidd, and Messrs. D. Oliver, Williams, and Kupferberg . . . The performance reflects praise of the highest kind upon Mr. Austin Turner, the conductor, and M. M. Fleury and Palzer, the leaders, must also be pleasantly remembered . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary and Edward Hancock (vocalists); Daniel Oliver (vocalist); Florian Kupferberg (vocalist); Austin Theodore Turner (conductor); Achille Fleury and Jacques Paltzer (violins, leaders); Ballarat Philharmonic Society (organisation); Montezuma Theatre (Ballarat venue)

[Advertisement], The Age (3 June 1859), 1 

TRUST Estate of W. H. Williams, of Melbourne, Printer. -
Notice. - All claims against this estate must be sent in to my office on or before Monday next, the 6th June.
A dividend will be payable on the following Friday.
JAMES WISEWOULD, Solicitor to the Trustees . . .

[News], The Argus (29 July 1859), 4 

Mr. W. H. Williams, of the Philharmonic Society, assisted by Miss Marie James, Mr. Angus, and other vocalists, gave a miscellaneous concert in the Mechanics' Institute, Emerald Hill, yesterday evening. The concert was announced as the first of a series of musical entertainments, "for the people," and, judging from the numbers present, the projector had no reason to complain of want of patronage. Miss James is a recent and welcome addition to the number of our lady vocalists. She has a pleasing voice, and evidently a perfect knowledge of music. The programme chosen by Mr. Williams was certainly not completely adapted for the audience he purposed to interest. Operatic selections and concerted pieces undoubtedly form an agreeable variety in an entertainment of this character, but they should not be given to the entire exclusion from the programme of a class of music so undeniably popular with the general public as our national ballads.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie James (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Age (8 October 1859), 1 

Trades' Hall, Lygon Street, Top of Ruesell Street.
Under the Patronage of His Excellency Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.B.,
Caledonian Night this Evening.
Principal Vocalists: Mrs. T. Goodliffe; Miss James; Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. S. Moxon.
Glee Company. Pianist: Miss James. Admission, One Shilling; Reserved Seats, Two Shillings.
Concert to commence at Eight o'Clock.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 January 1860), 5 

. . . The principal vocalists who appeared at the Society's concerts during the year [1859] were: . . . Mr. Radcliffe, Mr. Ewart, Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. Donaldson, Mr. Farquharson, Monsieur Coulon, Mr. Angus, Mr. Blanchard . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Radcliffe (vocalist); Charles Alexander Donaldson (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Charles Blanchard (vocalist)

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . CASTLEMAINE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (5 May 1860), 2 

On Tuesday last at the Royal the "Creation" was performed by the Philharmonic Society, assisted by Mrs. Hancock, Mr. W. H. Williams, and Dr. Kafferburg. The house was crowded.

ASSOCIATIONS: Castlemaine Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (9 May 1860), 2 

The audience at Mr. Stoneham's concert last night was very thin - a fact we can only account for by supposing that the five consecutive days' bazaaring had tired out those ladies and gentlemen who are in the habit of attending concerts. The performances were worthy of a much better house. Mrs. Hancock sang with all her usual excellence. The new tenor, Mr. Williams, acquitted himself creditably; he has a good voice and sings with careful correctness . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Stoneham (musician)

[News], The Argus (23 May 1860), 5 

Mr. T. H. Brooks' concert at Hockin's Hotel last night, was much more thinly attended, owing to the inclemency of the weather, than it otherwise would have been. His Excellency was present, and the attendance generally was as numerous as could have been expected . . . Mr. W. H. Williams sang one or two tenor airs, not without taste, but he has not the power and quality of voice which is required for a concert room . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas H. Brooks (harpist); Hockin's Hotel (Melbourne venue)

[News], The Argus (7 June 1860), 5 

The performance by the Melbourne Garrick Club in aid of the Shakspeare Memorial Fund took place last night, at the Princess's Theatre, in the presence of a crowded audience . . . the curtain rose, without a moment's delay, upon Shakspeare "Merchant of Venice." The performance of the play was, upon the whole, the most successful the Garrick Club has yet given, and the applause bestowed upon the amateurs was frequent and liberal . . . Lorenzo was sustained by Mr. W. H. Williams, who in the course of the piece introduced a new serenade to Jessica, written expressly for the occasion, by Mr. S. Nelson. The song is written in the veteran composer's best style, the melody is flowing and sweet, and the accompaniment effective. By most persons familiar with Mr. Nelson's ballads the new serenade will probably be considered superior to "Madoline," notwithstanding the popularity of the latter. Mr. Williams by no means did it justice, and the band completely spoilt the accompaniment, by playing it far too loudly . . . Miss Fanny Young, as Jessica, pleased every one . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Nelson (composer); Fanny Young (actor)

MUSIC: My bliss too long my bride denies (Nelson); NO COPY IDENTIFIED, but probably printed by Williams; see [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1860), 16 

JUST RECEIVED.- "MY BLISS TOO LONG MY BRIDE DENIES." The celebrated Skaksperian serenade, composed by S. Nelson (author of Madeline, &c.), for the benefit of the Melbourne Skaksperian Memorial Fund. To be had at PECK S Music Repository, 13, Park-street, price 3s. 6d. This very beautiful song is embellished with a fine portrait of Shakspeare, and is creating quite a "furore" in Victoria.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. To the Editor of . . .", The Herald (22 January 1861), 6 

SIR, - My attention has been drawn to a paragraph in your Town Talk of to-day relative to the conductorship of the above society. As it makes several erroneous statements, I think it my duty to correct them.
1st. Mr. Russell does not retire. The office of conductor becomes vacant every year. He is not a candidate for the office this year.
2nd. Mr. Elsasser is not his successor, at least so far as is at present known, as he is but one of two candidates nominated to the office. It is as the nominator of Mr. Samuel Kaye, late conductor of the Prahran Harmonic Society, and formerly conductor of the Collingwood Harmonic Society, that I feel myself called upon more particularly to notice the paragraph in question.
I will also avail myself of the present opportunity to correct another paragraph which appeared in The Herald about the time of the late performance of "The Messiah," purporting distinctly that Mr. L. L. Lewis was to be the organist for this year. As the office of organist is filled at the same time as that of conductor, and subject to the same rule, all I have said above equally applies to Mr. Lewis. He is one of two candidates, the other being Mr. Plaisted, a pupil of, and highly recommended by, Mr. G. R. G. Pringle, and whose circular to the members and subscribers of the society has now been some days before the public. Both of the above nominations were made in writing, at the society's room a week ago, so that there is no excuse for a want of proper information on the subject by your informant, whose object I cannot well understand.
I am Sir, yours truly,
21st January, 1861.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (nominee); Samuel Kaye (nominee); Prahran Harmonic Society (organisation); Collingwood Harmonic Society (organisation); Louis Lucas Lewis (nominee); Philip Charles Plaisted (nominee); George Robert Grant Pringle (teacher)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (2 June 1863), 5 

An amateur dramatic performance was given last night at the Haymarket Theatre, by members of the Melbourne Garrick Club, in aid of the building fund of the Eastern Hill Volunteer Orderly Room. There was a well-filled house . . . In the interlude, Mr. W. H. Williams appeared in a rifleman's dress, and sang a new song called "the British Volunteers," then music for which was written by Mr. J. R. Sothern, and the words by Mr. S. H. Banks, of the Collingwood Rifles. Mr. Williams sang with his customary expression and sweetness, and answered a unanimous encore by giving "Riflemen, form" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Russell Sothern (composer)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (9 March 1864), 5 

We have received from the publisher, Mr. Williams, a copy of a song - Riflemen Form - written by Mr. T. C. Cooper, and the music for which has been composed by Mr. C. F. W. Gollmick. The words are appropriate, and the air is lively and spirited.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Gollmick (composer)

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 December 1869), 5 

At the Duke of Edinburgh Theatre last night, one of the most brilliant and numerous audiences of the season assembled to witness the chamber performance of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl," by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society . . . the tenor singers were Messrs. C. A. Donaldson and W. H. Williams, who took the parts of Thaddeus and Florenstein . . .

"ILLEGAL PUBLICATION OF A NEWSPAPER", The Argus (10 January 1877), 6 

At the District Police Court yesterday, Mr. Call, P.M., presiding, William Henry Williams, printer, was summoned to answer for separate charges of having illegally published an illustrated weekly newspaper . . . that he (the defendant) . . . wilfully did publish a certain newspaper by the names of and entitled in its heading as the Melbourne Clipper, the Clipper, the Victorian Clipper and the Australian Clipper, without having first entered into such a recognisance with two sufficient sureties as was required . . . the defendant pleaded guilty to the charges . . . In the first case the defendant was fined £10, with six guineas costs, and for each of the other three offences he was fined £5 with six guineas costs. Mr. Walsh said the fines and costs would be duly paid and took occasion to explain that Mr. Williams, the defendant, was not the proprietor, but only the printer of the publication.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (11 August 1886), 6 

There was a great attendance in the Town hall last night, when their second concert for the present season was given by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society . . . Mendelssohn's oratorio, "Elijah," was the work chosen for performance . . . Mr. David Lee, the conductor, had under his baton a band and chorus of over 300 performers . . . The additional voices required for the double quartet "For He shall give," the quartets "Holy, Holy," and "O, come every one," and the lines allotted to the part of Ahab, were very well supplied by Miss Smith, Miss Curtis, Mr. W. Juniper, and Mr. W. H. Williams. Mr. E. King was the principal violinist, and Mr. G. Peake the honorary organist. This was the 207th concert given by the society since its foundation . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Juniper (vocalist); Edward King (violin, leader); George Peake (organist); David Lee (conductor)

"At Poverty Point", The bulletin (14 February 1891), 9 

The friends of W. H. Williams, an old identity in the Melbourne printing and publishing business, and one of the fathers of the Metropolitan Liedertafel, are endeavouring to arrange a testimonial and benefit concert for that weary fragment. The alleged connection of Mr. Williams with "the establishment of a Victorian literature" is open to question, but his association with music down South has been long, strong and altogether worthy of recognition, more especially as he was always too ready to let the musician stand in the printer's light. Considering, however, that the veteran is supposed to have special claims upon the Masons, it is remarkable that they should sanction the present appeal to the general public, and there seems little use in a man's devotion to a mystic brotherhood which allows him to feel the grip of impecuniosity in his declining years.

"AN ALLEGED LIBEL", The Age (15 July 1893), 10 

An action for alleged libel against the proprietor of The Age was commenced in the County Court yesterday before Judge Casey. The plaintiff is Joseph Summers, a doctor of music, who claims £500 damages on account of a criticism which appeared in The Age on the 28th April of this year . . . Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt, musical critic of The Age, stated that he attended the performance, and wrote the article complained of . . . William Henry Williams, printer, stated he assisted in the tenor solos, and backed up the chorus whenever he thought it was required. He regarded the criticism in The Age as most venomous and uncalled for. It was not a fair, criticism. Dr. Summers conducted the oratorio correctly. "Wagging" was used to turn "waving" a baton or beating time into ridicule. If a man aimlessly wagged a baton he ought to go to Pentridge; he would not be able to conduct music at all. Cross-examined: He was a witness against The Age in a former libel action . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Summers (conductor); Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt (reviewer)

"A MISTAKE", Geelong Advertiser (19 February 1906), 4 

When death is so busy in our midst it does not seem worth while to represent as dead gentlemen who are still with us. This is what has happened to Mr. W. H. Williams, who, like Mark Twain and many others more or less known to fame, has had the pain or pleasure of reading his obituary paragraph. Mr. Williams, whose publishing experiences go back to the fifties, has taken a prominent part in musical matters, and sang at the old Charley Napier in Ballarat in the fifties, and at many other places. The fact that another musical Williams died recently may have led to the supposition that W. H. had gone. Although he had a rather severe illness last year, he seems to have quite got over it, and was very much alive when seen to-day.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (29 August 1907), 1 

WILLIAMS - FLORANCE. - On the 17th August, 1857, at the Independent Church, Collins-street, Melbourne (Victoria, Australia), William Henry Williams, youngest surviving son of John Williams, of High Cross, Chester, England, to Mary Eliza Florance, daughter of Dr. William Florance, and grand-niece of General Massena [sic]. Officiating minister, Rev. Alex. Morison. Cheshire papers please copy.

"A Golden Wedding", The Herald (31 August 1907), 5 

Mr. W. H. Williams, the well-known printer and publisher, of this city, and Mrs. Williams recently completed the fiftieth year of their married life, and a number of friends of the couple met on Thursday last to offer congratulations on the event. Colonel Robertson occupied the chair, and amongst those present were the Premier (Mr. Bent), Mr. A. H. Massina, Mr. Charles Edgerton (ex-president of the Master Printers' Association), Mr. Ernest King, Professor Ireland, and others. The health of Mr. and Mrs. Williams was enthusiastically drunk, and Mr. Williams, in the course of his reply, gave some interesting reminiscences regarding the early days of Victoria. He arrived in this State in 1852 with the intention of going to the diggings, but entered the employ of "The Herald," which was then a morning paper, as sub-overseer. A few months later he commenced business in connection with Messrs. Hough and Heath, and afterwards was a member of the firm of Slater, Williams and Hodgson, in premises situated on the site of the present Opera House. Mr. Williams was one of the founders of the Philharmonic Society, and up to a few years ago was well known in musical circles. He was for years vice-president of the Garrick Club.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Henry Massina (printer); Ernest King (musician)

"TWO RIBS BROKEN", The Argus (2 June 1908), 6 

An accident happened yesterday morning to an elderly gentleman, Mr. W. H. Williams, who resides at 13 Ashleigh-street, Armadale. Mr. Williams, who is a printer, in business in Bull-lane, in the city, left his home shortly be after 10 o'clock, and while Crossing the Toorak wood-siding was knocked down by a horse and cart driven by a lad in the employ of the E. Hill, of 567 High-street, East Prahran. Mr. Williams was taken to his home, and Dr. Bennie, of Armadale called in. The doctor found that two ribs had been fractured, but that the trouble was not of a serious character, although Mr. Williams suffered considerably from shock.

"DEATHS", The Age (9 December 1910), 1 

WILLIAMS. - On the 8th December, at Dorset House, Rushmead street, Malvern, W. H. Williams, printer, aged 79. A colonist of 58 years. No flowers.

"MEN AND WOMEN", The Herald (9 December 1910), 8 

Mr. William Henry Williams, who claimed to be the oldest printer in Melbourne, died at his residence, Rushmead street, Malvern, last evening, after a lengthy illness. Mr. William was 79 years of age, and arrived in Victoria 58 years ago. In 1852 he started a printing establishment in Bourke street, next to the old Opera House, and continued in business in the City up to the time of his death. About three years ago he met with an accident from the effects of which he never recovered. He was well-known in Masonic and musical circles. Deceased leaves a widow and grown up family of two sons and four daughters. The funeral will take place to-morrow at 2.30.

"News and Notes", South Bourke and Mornington Journal (15 December 1910), 2 

Mr. W. H. Williams, one of Melbourne's oldest journalists, died last week at the age of 79. He was a colonist of nearly 60 years, and was prominent in the earlier journalistic and social life of Melbourne. He was a vocalist of no mean repute, and will be remembered by the earlier generation of Melbourne and its environs.

Musical publications (selected to c. 1864, not including prints for other commercial publishers):

Rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society ([Melbourne: W. H. Williams for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society], 1854) (DIGITISED)

The Melbourne vocalist, containg a collection of the best English, Scotch, Irish songs and original colonial songs, Ethiopian melodies, &c. New series. Nos. 1-6 (Melbourne : Slater, Williams, Hodgson, 1855-56) 

The Irish peasant girl, sung with great applause by Madame Anna Bishop, composed by Mr. Walter Bonwick, teacher of singing under the Board of National Education and organist of Hawthorne Church (Melbourne: Published for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum; W. H. Williams, music and general printer, [1856] (DIGITISED)

A collection of thirty standard psalm tunes in vocal score selected by George L. Allan (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

Williams's Australian musical annual and Australian sketch book for 1858 (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858) (DIGITISED)

Thirty-three easy songs, in two or more parts (principally original), compiled for the use of the Australian youth, by G. M. Weinritter and W. Bonwick (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858) (DIGITISED)

Ever of thee! song, written by George Linley, composed by Foley Hall (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1861) (DIGITISED)

The Australian colonists' song, written to the national music of "The hardy horseman" by S. G. (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1861) (DIGITISED)

Gentle Annie, Christy Minstrels song and chorus, by S. C. Foster (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

Riflemen, form. song, dedicated to Charles Ogilvy, esq. (captain) and the members of Maldon Company of Volunteer Rifles, written by T. C. Cooper, composed by C. F. W. Gollmick (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1864) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

T. L. Work, "The early printers of Melbourne, 1838 to 1858", The Australasian Typographical Journal 29/344 (February 1899), 1-2

"AUSTRALIANA. Early Melbourne Liked Music: Record of the Philharmonic Society", The Argus (17 August 1946), 17

ABOUT 300 choristers of Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society are in rehearsal for a performance of Mendelssohn's oratorio Elijah to celebrate the centenary of that great work, which was first sung in public on Wednesday, August 26, 1846, in the Birmingham Town Hall. Our Philharmonic Society is not yet a century old, but it is getting on that way, for Elijah (the oratorio, not the prophet), was only seven years old when the Melbourne Philharmonic Society was formed. The Mendelssohn oratorio, along with Handel's Messiah, has been the principal work of the society, which has performed it in public 62 times. The first Melbourne performance of Elijah was given on June 23, 1857, in the old Exhibition Building, under the direction of Mr. John Russell, the society's first conductor, and with a choir of 100. The society was formed on October 8, 1853, at a "general meeting of amateurs of choral music," convened by a number of citizens, most of them amateur musicians. Among the founders were Mr. W. H. Dredge [sic], well known as a Customs House agent and as an amateur organist; Mr. W. Peterson, an uncle of the late Professor Peterson, of Melbourne University; Mr. David Mitchell, a leading builder, the father of Dame Nellie Melba; and Mr. W. H. Williams, tenor and printer, who gave the society a good start by printing and distributing 1,000 copies of its first prospectus, entirely at his own expense . . .

W. A. Carne, A century of harmony: the official centenary history of the Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society (Melbourne: Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society, 1954), passim (transcript archived at NLA Pandora) (DIGITISED)

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 320-21 (DIGITISED)

William Henry Williams, Find a grave 


Musician, clarionet / clarinet player, clarinettist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

INSTRUMENTAL - Conductor - Mr. Wallace . . .
Clarionets - Messrs. Gatelin and Williamson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Spencer Wellington Wallace (violin, conductor); Thomas Gatland [sic] (clarinet)


Vocalist, comic vocalist, comedian

Born Banff, Scotland, 6 April 1820; baptised Banff, 27 April 1820; son of James WILLIAMSON and Ann ROBINSON
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 February 1856 (per Cheviot, from Greenock, 31 October 1855, aged "35")
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 5 April 1858, aged "38/39" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WILLIAMSON, Caroline Anna (Caroline Anna ?; Mrs. George WILLIAMSON)

Vocalist, comic vocalist, comic actor

Born Westminster, London, c. 1817
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 February 1856 (per Cheviot, from Greenock, 31 October 1855, aged "38")
Active VIC, until April 1857
Died Smythesdale, VIC, 12 February 1867, aged "47" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Actor, ? vocalist

Born Hampstead, London, England, c. 1841; daughter of George WILLIAMSON and Caroline ?
Arrived VIC, by 1858 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The reasoner (1848), 32 (DIGITISED)

LITERARY & SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION, John Street, Fitzroy Square . . .
Whit Tuesday 12th, Illustrated Concert. Vocalists . . .
Mr. Williamson, the celebrated Comic Vocalist, and Mr. J. W. Sharp, by permission of the proprietors of Vauxhall Gardens.
Grand Pianoforte, Miss Waldrom; Violin, Mr. Augustus Eames . . .

[Advertisement], The dramatic and musical review (June 1849), 192 (DIGITISED)

BLAGROVE'S ROOMS, 71, Mortimer-street, Cavendish-square.
Mr. AUGUSTUS EAMES and Miss GREENWOOD beg respectfully to inform their friends and the public that their
First Soirée Musicale will take place at the above Rooms, on Tuesday, June 19th, 1849,
on which occasion the following artistes will appear:
Miss Cubitt, Miss Annie Taylor, Miss Leslie, and Miss Greenwood; Mr. C. A. Banister, Mr. Howlet, Mr. J. Dusell,
Mr. Augustus Eames, and Mr. Williamson, the admired comic vocalist . . . Conductors: Messrs. H. E. W. Bonner and Mr. James C. F. Beresford . . .

[News], The dramatic and musical review (July 1849), 204-05 (DIGITISED)

Miss GREENWOOD's first soirée musicale took place on the 19th, at Blagrove's Rooms, Mortimer Street . . . Mr. Williamson [likewise received encores] for his two comic songs . . . Messrs. Beresford and Bonner were the accompanyists.

"THE BOOKSELLERS' PROVIDENT INSTITUTION AND THE RETREAT . . .", The literary gazette (13 July 1850), 476 (DIGITISED)

. . . observed their Anniversary at the Star and Garter, Richmond, on Monday . . . The music under Mr. G. F. Taylor was very appropriate, and Mr. Williamson especially distinguished himself by some clever and laughable comic songs . . .

"TIVOLI GARDENS, MARGATE", The Era (1 September 1850), 12 (PAYWALL)

These delightful Gardens, under the management of Mr. Sinclair, continue to be well attended. The concert, under the direction of Mr. Harroway, is supported by Miss Kate Dibdin, the Misses Soanes, Mr. H. Percy, and Mr. Williamson (the celebrated comic vocalist) . . .

England census, Lambeth, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO107/1572/413/15 (PAYWALL)

7 Wood Street / George Williamson / Head / Mar. / 30 / Comedian & Vocalist / [born] Scotland Banff
Caroline A. [Williamson] / Wife / Mar. / 34 / Comic Actress & Vocalist / [born] Westminster
Elizabeth Rich [? Rook] / Sister to Wife / Unm. / 39 / Dress maker / [born] Westminster
Elizabeth R. Williamson / Daur. / 10 / Scholar / [born] Middlesex Hampstead

[Advertisement], The era (8 February 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Era (8 February 1852), 1 (PAYWALL)

To-morrow, Monday, 9th, Mr. G. WILLIAMSON'S Grand Concert,
supported by the following eminent artistes:-
Misses Leslie, Seymour, Daies, Forrester, Bell, Manly, Fortescue, Rhodes, and Williamson; Messrs. Farquharson Smith, George Ford, Sutch, Holmes, Godden, Taylor, D. Williams,
H. Manly, Bannister, Daniels, Lennox, Jackson, Pennikett, Trenslee, Edmunds, Caroll, Reeves, Summers,
J. Cherry, C. Solomons, and Mr. G. Williamson.
Doors open at Seven P.M. Hall, 6d.; Gallery, 9d.; Reserved Seats, 1s.
N. B. - Mr. G. Williamson attends Dinners and Masonic Meetings in Town and Country,
7, Wood-street, Princes-road, Lambeth.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Farquharson Smith = Robert Farquharson (vocalist, later active in Australia, see 1858 below)

[Advertisement], in Comic songs, a capital collection of originals . . . written by J. A. Hardwick (London: John Duncombe, [1852]), verso of titlepage (DIGITISED)

New Comic Songs.
The following Popular Songs, arranged for the Piano Forte are Just Published at 6d. . . .
Mr. Bubb's Evening Party, sung by Mr. Sharp also by Mr. Williamson . . .
Comic Cuts at the Cards, sung by Mr. Williamson . . .

"PORTSEA . . . Caledonian Hotel", The Era (27 November 1853), 11 (PAYWALL)

This resort of the officers of both Services is nightly crowded to enjoy the dance, and listen to the comic singing of Mr. and Mrs. Williamson, the ballad singing of Miss Fanny Paine, and the piano-forte playing of Mr. T. Egan.

ASSOCIATIONS: ? Fanny Paine (vocalist, later active in Australia)

"PORTSEA - Rendle's Concert Hall" The Era (26 February 1854), 12 (PAYWALL)

The performances of Miss Kate Harley continue to afford gratification, and are received with demonstrations of delight. The Ricardo Family have met with a very flattering reception, and deservedly so, for they are very clever. The comicalities of Mr. George Williamson deserve the plaudits and laughter he elicits. Mrs. Mayne, who possesses a voice of sweet quality nightly affords the public fresh proofs of her ability; and Mr. B. Hyams continues a favourite.

Victoria, Australia (from 10 February 1856):

Names and descriptions of passengers per Cheviot, from Greenock, 31 October 1855, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . George Williamson / 35 / Comedian / Scotch
Mrs. Caroline [Williamson] / 38 / - / Scotch . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (18 February 1856), 1 

MR. G. WILLIAMSON, vocalist, recently arrived, who advertised in this paper, and directed Post Office, Melbourne, will find a letter for him by applying to Mr. Kelly, Argus Hotel, immediate.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1856), 8 

EUROPEAN MUSIC HALL, FitzRoy-street, Collingwood. James Ellis, Proprietor . . .
ELLIS' opening night at the European Music Hall, this evening. Splendid music, excellent singing. Admission free.
EUROPEAN MUSIC HALL - Mr. and Mrs. Williamson will make their first appearance in Australia this evening . . .
GRAND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT. Mr. and Mrs. Williamson will open their budget. Comic Songs, characteristic sketches, &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (proprietor, later manager of Star Theatre, Beechworth, see 1858 below)

"EUROPEAN MUSIC-HALL", The Argus (25 February 1856), 5 

We perceive by an announcement in another column that Mr. Ellis opens this establishment this evening with a talented professional company, including Mr. and Mrs. Williamson, two of the best and most classical comic vocalists and character singers that have appeared in our time in England. We are informed that Mr. Ellis intends carrying on his establishment upon the same principle that has proved so successful in London, and in the larger provincial cities and towns of England and Scotland. In these establishments, several of them being immense in size and elegant in their arrangements, some two or three thousand people may be frequently seen enjoying the delights of music at a nominal rate of admission, at the same time that the most perfect order is maintained. The European Music-Hall will certainly commence with strong attractions, Mr. and Mrs. G. Williamson being a host in themselves. These talented artistes arrived in this colony a fortnight since, and will make their first appearance this evening.

"CREMORNE GARDENS", The Argus (24 March 1856), 6 

The pictorial representation of Sebastopol having been thoroughly restored to its original state of completeness, the proprietor intends giving a grand gala at these gardens, this evening, when, in addition to the usual entertainments, there will be a concert in which Mr. and Mrs. Williamson will appear. Mr. Prescott, the pyrotechnist to the establishment, has also provided an extra supply of fireworks for the occasion.

ASSOCIATIONS: Percival Scott (proprietor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1856), 8 

NATIONAL HOTEL, Bourke-street east.
On Monday, 7th July, Reappearance of MR. AND MRS. J. WILLIAMSON [sic],
The Inimitable Characteristic Comic Vocalist, who made so successful a debut at Cremorne, Melbourne, last Easter, and who since then have earned the highest encomiums of the Press at Ballaarat, Avoca, and Creswick's.
Mr. W. hopes to see his brother masons and Scotch countrymen here.
Concert at Half-past Seven p.m., Nightly.

"POPULAR CONCERTS", The Age (29 July 1856), 3

We have lately occupied a leisure evening or two in visiting the various popular concerts held in connection with the principal hotels, and have been much gratified with the excellent order preserved, as well as the classical character of the music selected and the ability of the artistes engaged. In no essential particular are they different from well conducted popular concerts in the old country, even when kept wholly apart from hotel influences, and it is a question if they are not in many respects superior. We enter a spacious well-lighted room, filled with intelligent looking men who are eagerly drinking in the noble glees of Bishop, Horsley, or Cooke, the inspiriting airs of Shield, Dibdin, or Storace - or perchance listening to a meritorious rendering of some morceaux from the works of the great Italian or French masters of song. They sit, and while the ears are gratified, they moderately minister to less intellectual pleasures, and seldom or never indulge beyond reason. Who shall accuse these men of mispending the hour they thus appropriate? The great majority of them are unblessed with the comforts of home, and are simply enjoying on the cooperative principle what they cannot realise otherwise or elsewhere. We have been led to view thus favorably those establishments, and the principle upon which they are conducted, by personal visits to the concerts nightly held in connection with the City and National Hotels in Bourke streets. In no case have we heard any song which would call a blush to the cheek of the most sensitive, or which might not with every propriety be heard at one's own fireside; on the contrary, musical compositions are there produced by from one to five voices in a manner which would do credit to a very large majority of English provincial concerts, and by vocalists, many of whom would be equally, if not more at home on the operatic stage, or in front of the chorus at Exeter Hall. At the present moment, we observe that the vocal staffs of the National and the City are remarkably efficient. The other evening, at the former place, we heard a quintett from the Enchantress exquisitely performed. Some brilliantly executed operatic airs by Madame Butler, and several very clever characteristic songs by Mr. and Mrs. Williamson; at the latter, two or three of Bishop's glees were rendered in almost faultless style under the management of Mr. Morgan, who is perhaps the only basso profondo in the colony, and himself a favorite singer. Madame Naej too, a very tasteful French operatic vocalist, nightly carols some of Rossini's and Auber's finest musical productions in a style which, but for the excellent conduct of the concert room, and the no less seemly behaviour of the audience, we should in hackneyed phrase have said, was worthy of a better place.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emily Geraldine Butler (vocalist); J. W. Morgan (vocalist); Madame Leon Naej (vocalist)

"Criterion Music Hall", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (19 September 1856), 5 

The fine new music hall at the Criterion Hotel, is to be opened on Saturday evening, when an array of talented artistes are to appear. The names of the eminent vocalists, Mrs. G. Williamson, Miss Saqui and Mr. Benham, are announced; also, Mr. G. Williamson, whose impersonations of character, and imitations of actors, rendered him celebrated in London.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Saqui (vocalist); Henry Benham (vocalist)

"Madame Butler", Mount Alexander Mail (17 November 1856), 3 

We remind the lovers of good music that a very pleasant hour can be spent at the Criterion Hall . . . Mr. Williamson's comic singing is excellent, and devoid of vulgarity. - Communicated.

"Criterion Hall", Mount Alexander Mail (19 November 1856), 3 

The corps of vocalists who now sing, at the Criterion Hall comprises the names of Madame Butler, Mrs. Williamson, Mr. Small, Mr. Williamson, Mr. Dixon, and Mr. Benham. We have frequently alluded to the excellence of the vocal entertainment provided at the above hall, and are glad to perceive that the artistes who have already established high reputations there are to be assisted by Mr. Small, whose comic talent has elicited universal approbation.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joe Small (comic vocalist); Frederick Dixon (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 April 1857), 8 

MR. and Mrs. G. WILLIAMSON, the eminent Comic and Characteristic Vocalists, will be Disengaged alone or together, on or after April 6th.
For terms, &c., apply to Mr. G. Chapman, Music Warehouse, 117 Swanston-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chapman (musicseller, musician)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (10 April 1857), 1 

SATURDAY, MONDAY, AND TUESDAY, , The 11th, 13th, and 14th April, 1857,
MRS. BOURNE The pleasing Ballad Singer, and Accomplished Musician, (From the Theatre Royal and Criterion Hall, Castlemaine.)
MRS. G. WILLIAMSON, (The chaste Comic Characteristic Vocalist and Actress,
Late Theatres Royal Surrey, Dublin, and Glasgow; And for 5 months at the Criterion, Castlemaine, in a varied round of Comic Characters and Comic Duetts.
also, MR. G. WILLIAMSON, The great Characteristic Comic Vocalist, Mimic and Scotch Comedian.
Late of the Surry Theatre, Dr. Johnson's, Cider Cellars, and Evans', London; Jack's, Dublin, and D. Brown's, Glasgow;
Who will; appear in his Varied and racy round of Characters, not forgetting his great "Patter" Song of SAM SLICK!
Which created such a sensation during 5 months engagement at the Criterion, Castlemaine.
Pianist, Mrs. Bourne.
On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, April 15, 16, 17, the above company will appear at KING'S WOMBAT HOTEL, JIM CROW.

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgina Sturges Bourn (vocalist, pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1857), 8 

MRS. G. WILLIAMSON, Serio-Comic, and Characteristic Vocalist, desires an ENGAGEMENT in town or country. Address Terminus Hotel, St. Kilda.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (6 February 1858), 3 

STAR THEATRE . . . Proprietor, J. A. WALLACE.
Under the direction of JAMES ELLIS, Late of Cremorne Gardens, LONDON and MELBOURNE, &c.
THE inhabitants of Beechworth and the surrounding districts are respectfully informed that this magnificent Establishment will open on
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8th, With Bellini's Grand Opera of LA SONNAMBULA! . . .
Conductor - Mr. LINLEY NORMAN . . .
Count Rodolpho - Mr. FARQUHARSON. Elvino - Mr. WALTER SHERWIN.
Allessio - Mr. FURRIAN. Amina - Miss JULIA HARLAND.
Lisa - Miss WILLIAMSON . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Linly Norman (pianist, conductor); Walter Sherwin (vocalist); Henry Furrian (actor, vocalist); Julia Harland (vocalist); English Opera Company (troupe); Star Theatre (Beechworth venue)

"THE OPERA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 February 1858), 2 

With the opening of the Star Theatre last evening, a new era may be dated in the history of public amusements in the Ovens district . . . The house has been arranged with very much taste under the direction of Mr. Ellis and when the decorations are complete, we may lay claim to as pretty a theatre of the kind as can be produced by any other town in the colony . . . The opera (Bellini's Sonnambula) was admirable got up considering the deficiency of materials for perfecting details, and the characters were well sustained . . . Miss Williamson made her first appearance, and acquitted herself very well, a little too much reserve in the first part gradually left her, and we have no doubt that a little experience in public will effect a rapid improvement. The evening concluded with an extravaganza in which Mr. Hoskins caused roars of laughter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Hoskins (actor, comedian, husband of Julia Harland and manager of the opera troupe)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 February 1858), 3 

the favourite Comic Operetta of Why don't She Marry? OR THE SWISS COTTAGE . . .
After which a Grand MUSICAL MELANGE . . .
Comic Duett - "When a Little Farm," Mrs. Williamson and Mr. Furrian . . .

MUSIC: When a little farm we keep (Mazzinghi)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (2 March 1858), 4 

Mr. Wallace, of the Star at Beechworth, has engaged an operatic company, and the theatre adjoining the hotel has been refitted for their performances. The company comprises Miss Julia Harland, Mrs. Hancock, Mrs. Williamson, Miss Williamson, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, Mr. Hancock, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Furrian, &c., &c. Already the "Bohemian Girl," "Lucia di Lammermoor," "Norma," and other operas, have been performed with decided success; and we understand that "Maritana" and other operas are in preparation.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ellen and Edward Hancock (vocalists)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 March 1858), 3 

Wednesday and Thursday Evenings, MARCH the 10TH and 11TH,
Will be presented Dibdin's Ballad Opera, entitled THE WATERMAN . . .
Mrs. Bundle . . . Mrs. WILLIAMSON . . .

MUSIC: The waterman (Dibdin)

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 March 1858), 3 

Friday & Saturday Evenings, MARCH the 12th and 13th,
Will be presented an English Version of Donizetti's brilliant and sparkling Opera of the ELIXIR OF LOVE . . .
Gianetta - Mrs. WILLIAMSON. Floretta - Miss WILLIAMSON . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 March 1858), 3 

MONDAY EVENING, March 15th 1858 . . . BOMBASTES FURIOSO . . .
Distaffiani - Mrs. WILLIAMSON . . .
To conclude with the Ballet of THE FAIR MAID OF PERTH . . .
Jennie - Mrs. WILLIAMSON. Helen - Miss WILLIAMSON . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 April 1858), 4 

On the 5th inst., at the residence of Mr. Merryweather, dentist, St. Kilda, in the 39th year of his age, Mr. George Williamson, son of the late Dr. Williamson, of Banff, Scotland. Banff papers please copy.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 May 1858), 3 

EL Dorado Concert Hall.
THIS Hall will be re-opened on Monday, May 24th, 1858,
For a short series of POPULAR CONCERTS.
The following celebrated Artistes are engaged: -
Madame Vitelli
Mrs. Williamson
Mr. D. O'Connor
Mr. Power
Mr. Furrian, and
Mr. A. King, Pianist.
Admission - One Shilling.

ASSOCIATIONS: Annie Vitelli (vocalist); William Pierce Power (vocalist); ? Alfred Edward King (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Tarrangower Times and Maldon District Advertiser (25 March 1859), 3 

Kangaroo Theatre.
Grand Miscellaneous CONCERT Will be given at the above Theatre on
SATURDAY NEXT, March 26th, On which occasion several new
CHARACTER SONGS, DUETS, &c. Will be introduced by those versatile artistes
A New Musical FARCE In active preparation and will shortly be produced.
Manager - J. YOULE. ADMISSION ONE SHILLING. Front Seats, 2s.
To commence at 8 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Youle (vocalist, actor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1859), 8 

MRS. WILLIAMSON, the acknowledged comic and characteristic singer (vide that)
and Mr. DAN GOLDING, the celebrated singer and comedian, will appear next Saturday.
Prahran Hotel. Admission free.

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Golding (vocalist)

"SMYTHESDALE (From our own Correspondent) 13th February . . . AMUSEMENTS", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (15 February 1860), 4 

Morris's farewell benefit took place this evening . . . he had the best house I have seen for many a day . . . He was assisted by Mrs. Williamson, Miss Rosa Williamson, Mr. Trantor, and two or three amateur gentlemen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edgar Morris (actor, vocalist, comedian)

"SMYTHEDALE (From our own Correspondent) 10th March", The Star (13 March 1860), 4 

. . . On Wednesday next, a grand dramatic performance will take place at Dent's Royal Hotel, in aid of the funds [Benevolent Association], the professionals who have kindly volunteered their services for the occasion being Mrs. G. Williamson, Miss Rosa Williamson, Mrs. S. Butler, Messrs. Ricards, G. F. Morris [sic], E. K. Tranter, Walter Lilley, and Ford . . .


Publicans' licenses were granted to the following: . . . Caroline Ann Williamson, Market Square Hotel, Smythesdale . . .

"DEATHS", The Ballarat Star (14 February 1867), 2 

On the 12th February, at the residence of Mr. Corinaldi, Market Square Hotel, Smythesdale, Caroline Anna, wife of the late George Williamson, formerly of Bamff [sic], Scotland. Home papers please copy.


Theatrical and operatic manager

Born Mercer, Pennsylvania, USA, 26 August 1845
Arrived (1) 1874; (2) 1879
Died Paris, France, 6 July 1913 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)



Dancer, theatrical dancer, actor, professor of dancing, teacher of dancing and callisthenics

Born ? Cork, Ireland, c. 1812; daughter of John WALKER and Jane EMERY (c. 1772-1835)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 August 1832 (free per Red Rover, from Cork, 10 April, with widowed mother)
Married Joseph Shortland WILLIAMSON, St. James, Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1834, aged "22"
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1858, aged "45" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WILLIAMSON, Joseph Shortland (Joseph Shortland WILLIAMSON; J. S. WILLIAMSON; ? Mr. WILLIAMSON)

? Amateur vocalist (Sydney concerts, 1834-35)

Born Parramatta, NSW, 1808; son of James WILLIAMSON (1757-1826) and Jane SHORTLAND (1784-1840)
Married Jane Nelson WALKER, St. James, Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1834, aged "22"
Died Parramatta, NSW, 1884, aged "77" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WILLIAMSON, Olivia (Olivia Margaret WILLIAMSON; Mademoiselle OLIVIA; Miss VEILBURN; Mrs. John LEE)

Dancer, theatrical dancer, actor

Born Sydney NSW, 25 March 1840; baptised St. James, Sydney, 28 April 1840; daughter of Joseph Shortland WILLIAMSON and Jane Nelson WALKER
Married John LEE, Bathurst, NSW, 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Jane Walker was probably born in Cork, Ireland, around 1812, a daughter of John Walker, a mariner, and Jane Emery, who had married at Cork in 1789. She and her widowed mother sailed from Cork on 10 April 1832, among a large shipment of single female emigrants on the Red Rover, and landed at Sydney on 10 August. Jane's elder brother, James Davenport Walker (d. QLD, 1866) was already in Sydney, and a sister, Charity (Mrs. Andrew Stobo, d. NSW 1850) arrived in in 1833. Mrs. Walker senior died in Sydney on 26 August 1835, aged 63.

Meanwhile, at St. James's church, on 29 April 1834, Jane married Joseph Shortland Williamson, a native of the colony.

Previously well known in Sydney for several years as a society dancing instructor, Jane Williamson made her theatrical debut in August 1840 under the adopted stage name of Madame Veilburn. In October she gave "for the first time in this Colony, the Scarf and Wreath Dance". Her co-artist is referred to as her pupil and niece. She late worked in Hobart, Melbourne, Adelaide (where her daughter Olivia made her stage debut) and Geelong, and was last billed as appearing professionally in Bathurst in June 1854.

For a fuller summary of her career, under various names, see this this article posted by Don and Ian Wilkey.


[Advertisement], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (24 March 1829), 1 (PAYWALL)

MISS WALKER, at the suggestion of a few highly respectable Friends, begs leave to announce to her Friends generally and the Public, that she has opened Dancing Academy in the House No. 5. Nelson-Place, (opposite the Old Custom-House.)
Having lately completed her studies under a celebrated London Professor she hopes by the strictest attention to merit and retain a share of public patronage.
Boarding Schools attended on advantageous terms.

Sydney, NSW (10 April 1832 to October 1843):

Bounty passengers per Red Rover, 10 April 1832; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAWYALL)

Jane Walker, matron / Jane Walker &7 10 bounty

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (3 May 1834), 3 

By Special License, on Tuesday, the 29th April, at St. James's Church, by the Rev. Richard Hill, JOSEPH SHORTLAND WILLIAMSON, Esq., a son of the late D. C. G. Williamson, of Parramatta, to Miss JANE NEILSON WALKER.

? "THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 August 1834), 3

Mrs. Bird gave her first Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Pulteney Hotel, and was patronised by about 100 persons of respectability, among whom we observed Potter McQueen, Esq. Captain Lambert, R. N., James Laidley, Esq. D. C. G. &c. &c. We have not space for a long critique of the Concert, but the public may form an idea of the quality of the performances when we state, that Mesdames Paul and Bird, and Messrs. Clark, Paul, Williamson, Simmons, &c. were the vocalists; Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Josephson, &c. &c. the musicians; accompanied with the assistance of some of the military band; leader, Mr. Lewis. We are happy to see the Public so liberal in their support to all institutions of this description. Mrs. Bird, we hear, intends giving a series of Concerts, in which she has our best wishes.

ASSOCIATIONS: Isabella Bird (vocalist); Thomas Potter Macqueen (patron, landholder); James Laidley (patron, deputy commissariat general); Tempest Paul (vocalist, mother of Mrs. Bird); George Paul (amateur vocalist, brother of Mrs. Bird); Joseph Simmons (vocalist, actor); George Sippe (musician); Mr. Wilson (musician); Joshua Frey Josephson (musician); some of the Band of the 17th Regiment under Thomas Lewis (their master)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 January 1835), 3 

MRS. J. S. WILLIAMSON in offering her Friends and the Ladies of Sydney and its Vicinity, her most sincere thanks for their kind support, begs leave to inform them, that her
ACADEMY will open after the Christmas recess, on the 14th instant, when she hopes for a continuance of that patronage her unremitting attentions to her Pupils may merit.
No. 12, York-street, (Hutchison's Buildings).
Sydney, January 9, 1835.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 April 1835), 3 

WE are requested to state that the Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performers to
Mr. STUBBS' CONCERT, are as follows, viz.: -
Vocalists, MRS. RUST, Professor of Singing, Pupil of the Royal Academy, London, and Member of the Philharmonic Society of Milan.
MR. SIMMONS, MR. WILLIAMSON, and other Amateurs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (musician); Margaret Rust (vocalist); Sarah Boatright (vocalist); George Gordonovitch (vocalist)

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 April 1835), 2

SIR, I have left it up to the present time for at least a better judge or more able pen to do justice to Mrs. Williamson's juvenile ball of Monday evening last: to merely say it was a juvenile party would be but commonplace. I have been at juvenile parties in England, as also here, and can assure you, Mrs. W.'s equalled any I have seen in the mother country, Ireland not excepted, and surpassing any thing of the kind ever seen in this colony - the dancing being of that chaste and fashionable style which is most pleasing to the eye, and is seldom seen but among the first circles of society. The elegance and variety of waltzes, quadrilles, minuets, gavotes, gallopedes, &c, danced on the occasion, by the whole of the pupils, did justice to the superior tact and talent of the lady under whose tuition they have been. The room was tastefully decorated, and well lit up. If I may judge by my own feelings, I am sure all who were present on the occasion must have been highly gratified. The attendance of part of the 17th band added much to the enlivening scene. Thus you see Australia is advancing.

"DIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 September 1835), 3 

At her residence, Castlereagh-street, August 26th, after a long and severe illness, at the advanced age of 63, Mrs. John Walker, widow of the late John Walker, Esq. of the City of Cork, Ireland, and the mother of Mrs. J. S. Williamson, of York-street, Sydney, deeply and sincerely regretted by her family and friends.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 January 1836), 1

IN returning her grateful acknowledgements for the very extensive patronage she has met with, begs leave to Inform. her Friends, that her Academy will RE-OPEN after the Christmas Recess on Saturday, the 16th proximo, 1836, for the reception of pupils.
12, York-street, Sydney, December 31, 1835.

[News] and "FROM A CORRESPONDENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 July 1836), 2

Balls and races are the order of the day. A Subscription Ball is talked of. Campbell Town Races are proposed. Mr. Wallace's next Concert is fixed for Wednesday night, and we perceive that Mrs. Williamson, the only accomplished female professor of dancing in Sydney, is about to "astonish the natives" in the course of the present month with a brilliant Ridotto or bal masque . . .

Mrs. Williamson has intimated her intention of giving a fancy ball in the saloon of the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday, the 20th instant. Our old respected colonist, Captain Piper, is the patron on the occasion. As this is the first public attempt at an entertainment of the kind, Mrs. W., it is to be hoped, will meet with every success, it being a fascinating and innocent amusement when conducted in a manner respectable and select. The excellent band of the 4th Regiment will be in attendance in the ball room.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Vincent Wallace (musician); John Piper (patron); Band of the 4th Regiment (military band); Royal Hotel (Sydney venue)

[News], The Sydney Monitor (20 July 1836), 2

The Fancy Dress Ball given this evening, at the ROYAL HOTEL, by Mr. and Mrs. Williamson, under the patronage of Capt. Piper, (who was an old friend of Mr. Williamson's father, an officer in the Commissariat under Governor King; consequently Mr. Williamson is a native of the Colony) will be most numerously and respectably attended.

[News], The Australian (22 July 1836), 2 

Mrs. Williamson's fancy dress ball took place on Wednesday evening, notwithstanding the exceedingly inclement state of the weather, and we were happy to see that every thing passed off very agreeably. The Band of the Fourth was in attendance; it is needless to say that their part of the entertainment was well done.

[Advertisement], The Australian (23 January 1838), 1

BEGS to intimate to the Parents and Guardians of her Pupils that her establishment will re-open after the Christmas recess, on the 22nd January, when a few additional boarders can be accommodated.
Mrs. W. will have the assistance of a Lady well qualified for and experience in the instruction of youth, and she hopes that their joint attention to the comfort, health, moral and intellectual improvement of the Children committed to their care, will claim a continuance of that kind support hitherto received.
[manicule] Lessons given in Gymnastics, and Dancing, as usual, by Mrs. Williamson.
Ladies' Seminary, No. 12, Hunter-street.

[News], The Australian (4 May 1838), 3 

By the late arrivals, we perceive that Mr. Peck, the artist, has arrived from Hobart Town. It is said that Mr. Peck intends to open his school of arts at the house occupied by Mrs. Williamson, at the corner of Hunter and Phillip-streets. Mr. P. has been eminently successful in his panoramic sketches, and especially in his models, which are well worthy the attention of the curious.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (artist, musician)

[News], The Australian (11 September 1838), 2

We understand that Lady Gipps attended at Mrs. Williamson's Dancing Academy on Wednesday last, and expressed herself highly delighted with the proficiency of the young ladies in that graceful accomplishment.

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Gipps (wife of the governor)

[Advertisement], The Colonist (18 August 1840), 3

Royal Victoria Theatre. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT.
On which occasion MADAME VEILBURN will have the honour to make her First Appearance on the Sydney Stage.
. . . THURSDAY, August 20 . . .
A new Medley Dance by MISS LAZAR
"The Mountain Maid," MISS A. WINSTANLEY
A popular Pas Seul by Madame VEILBURN, assisted by Two Young Ladies
The admired Ballad of Rory O'More, in character, by MISS A. WINSTANLEY . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Winstanley (actor); Rachel Lazar (dancer); Ann Winstanley (vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

On the night of Thursday last, Miss Winstanley took her benefit at the Victoria Theatre. We are very unwilling to award praise unless when it is really and conscientiously due, and on this night, as far as many members of the company are concerned, we are only paying a just compliment to them in saying that we have seen, even in England, and in large towns too, performances not so well sustained . . . The ballad of Roray O'More was sung with great taste by Miss A. Winstanley, and the dance by Madame Veilburn and her two juvenile assistants, was one of the greatest treats of the kind we have experienced in Australia. The engagement of Madame Veilburn, if possible, would be a great acquisition to the Victoria . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 October 1840), 3

Second appearance of MADAME VEILBURN . . .
. . . for the first time in this Colony, the Scarf and Wreath Dance, by Madame Veilburn.
Song, "Taxation," Mr. Lee.
A new series of Bronze Statues, by Mr. Allen.
Dance, "Lord Moyre's Welcome to Scotland," by Madame Veilburn's Niece.
A Favourite Dance, by Miss Lazar . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frances Arabin (actor, vocalist); John Herman Selwyn Lee (vocalist)

MUSIC: Lord Moira's welcome to Scotland [sic] (Tune archive)

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Colonist [Sydney, NSW] (24 October 1840), 3 

Thursday night closed the labours of the Sydney corps dramatique for the season, which has lasted ten months. Of the evening's performances we have nothing to say, except that Madame Veilburn's dancing was exquisite. There were swarms of locusts on the stage, and an inordinate quantity of lawyers patronized the boxes. The house was crowded, and we have to congratulate the proprietor on the close of a season, which must have been highly and deservedly profitable.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (18 November 1840), 2 

The Theatre opened on Monday evening under the management of Messrs. Knowles and Simes . . . Madame Veilburn (by the bye if actresses will assume false names, are wish they would call themselves Thomkins or Smith) is a very elegant dancer, whether in a pas seul or a quadrille, but her Irish jig is first rate and was returned with raptures . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad Knowles (actor, manager); Thomas Simes (actor, manager)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 November 1840), 2 

The performances in this Theatre were recommenced on the evening of Monday last . . . The company has received several additions, some of whom are improvements, and some decided failures, from those who were in the last company, but who have now left it . . . In remarking upon Madame Veilburn our task is much more pleasing; she is certainly the greatest acquisition to the company; in fact, we think we may be forgiven in saying, that there is poetry combined with graceful motion in her dancing; she was received with "thunders of applause" . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (28 August 1841), 2 

The introduction of the Ballet seems to have given a new impetus to stage matters. And certainly the style and action of Monsieur Charriere presents something that can always be viewed with pleasure. Under the skilful guidance of this gentleman, with Madame Veilburn, Mr. Phillips, and others, this department of the drama may be advanced on our boards to considerable excellence; in which case the Proprietors of the Theatre may calculate on the presence and patronage of the higher classes. This evening Monsieur Charriere favours us with an excellent new ballet, in the progress of which there will be some elegant dancing, and in the interval of the acts of the first piece, he will go through the graceful and much admired dance of La Tarantalla. The ballet is entitled The Millers; or, The Night Rendezvous - a light, well arranged, humourous little piece . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Monsieur Charriere (dancer); Morrice Phillips (dancer)

PIECE: ? Les meuniers [1] (ballet) by Jean-Baptiste Dehesse or [2] by Jean-Baptiste Blache

"Theatricals", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (27 November 1841), 67 

Miss Strickland's benefit took place on Thursday and brought a full house, as we expected. The pieces were well got up and well played; Simmons seemed however to be the grand attraction of the evening - for the audience or at least the noisy part of it, would have his song at first, in preference to the dance in male attire of Madame Williamson, whose legs are the best male legs we have seen handled by any lady on the stage . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Strickland (actor, vocalist)

"Insolvent Debtor's Court . . . MONDAY, DECEMBER 6", Australasian Chronicle (7 December 1841), 2 

Joseph Shortland Williamson, an insolvent, who had been remanded on Saturday, was then called into the box; and his Honor inquired if Mrs. Williamson was in court.
Mrs. Williamson, having appeared, was sworn, and his Honor said, though he had sent for her to give her evidence, he should not ask her any question tending to criminate or as against her husband; neither should he allow any one else to put such questions to her; but the had been quoted by Mr. Trood as having made a representation that the insolvent had received a cheque for £40 out of the proceeds of her benefit, for which he had not accounted. Mrs. Williamson said she believed the insolvent did receive from Mr. Knight a cheque for £41 upon one of the banks, but she did not know which.
The insolvent said the cheque was for £14 5s., and not for £41, and he had accounted for the manner in which it had been expended.
Mrs. Williamson said she might be mistaken, for she never saw the cheque.
Mr. Knight, of the Victoria Theatre, was then sent for, and by a reference to his bank book proved that the cheque was for £14 5s.
This made the schedule of the insolvent to be correct, and he was consequently discharged.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Knight (theatre proprietor)

"The Olympic and Madame Veilburn", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 March 1842), 2 

In the play bills of the Olympic Theatre of Thursday evening, after the play of Cavaliers and Roundheads, Madame Veilburn was announced to dance the Irish Jig, but instead of her appearing, Mr. Knowles came forward and somewhat astonished the audience by the following address: -

"I am sorry to appear before you a second time within a week to apologise for the absence of a person who has been announced in the Bills to perform at this Theatre. "A few nights ago, I was under the painful necessity of entreating your kind indulgence for the absence of Mrs. Ximenes, in consequence of ber sudden secession from this Company.
"I now appear before you for a second time, with the same disagreeable duty to perform, in consequence of the absence of Madame Veilburn.
"With your kind permission. Ladies and Gentlemen, I will briefly relate the facts of the case, in order to give you some idea of the disgraceful manner in which she has acted.
"A few days ago, Madame Veilburn entered into an engagement with Signor Dalle Case for the whole of the present season, to perform at this Theatre and every thing that could be considered binding between honorable parties was finally arranged, with the exception only of signing the agreement. This led me to announce her name in this evening's Bill to dance the Irish Jig. Judge then, what must have been my astonishment, when I this morning received a note from her, feigning astonishment at her name being announced, as she alleged, without her consent in the Bill for this evening, and declining at the same time, to appear.
Since writing that letter, I have been informed that she has accepted an engagement at the Victoria.
"Such is the conduct of Madame Veilburn, Ladies and Gentleman, and I hope it will meet with the disapprobation from you that it so richly merits, I also beg that you will exonerate myself and the Proprietor from any blame, that might seem to be attached to us. I sincerely trust likewise, that when these parties come before you to take their benefit, that you will show them, by withholding your support, how much you disapprove of their dishonorable behaviour.
"With this excuse, I hope you will be satisfied for the non-appearance of Madame Veilburn, and allow us to substitute M. Chambers who will dance the Highland Fling."

Such, or words to the effect, was the address of Mr. Knowles. Madame Veilburn being absent, could not answer for herself. But since Thursday evening, we have learnt something of the matter, and can safely say, that the whole of Mr. Knowles' address is one entire misstatement. We will however state the "facts of the case."

On Thursday morning, Madame Veilburn, for about the fourth or fifth time, applied to Mr. Knight for an engagement. Whilst rhere, she was shown a play bill, in which her name was announced for that evening at the Olympic. She was somewhat astonished at this, as on the previous day she had an interview with Signor Dalle Case, but he would not agree to give her the amount of salary she required, and they had therefore parted without any arrangement. She had waited on Signor Dalle Case several times previously, but this was the only time when an engagement was seriously spoken of. Madame V. has distinctly denied ever having agreed to engage with the Signor. We do not wish to defend Madame Veilburn, had she done that which Knowles has represented her to have done, we should have been the first to have held her up to public reprobation, but we do not like to see a reputation stabbed in the dark, merely from the misconception of a foreigner or from some vile behind scene chicanery. Was Mr. Knowles' attack on this lady a gen[tle]manly action, knowing as he does the whole particulars of the case, or was it manly to attempt to prejudice the audience against her and to advise them not to patronize her benefit? Mr. Knowles must know full well what a benefit is to an actor. He must know that often the salary of an actor is but barely sufficient to feed and clothe himself and little ones and that to a benefit, he looks forward for some of those little luxuries that his salary denies him. Mr. K. must know this. He has not always been sailing with the tide of prosperity, nor in the receipt of a comfortable salary. Why then has he attempted to damn this last resource of an actress, whose imaginary fault is, as Mr. Knowles says, "that she has accepted an engagement at the Victoria." But here is another of Mr. Knowles' misstatements. Madame Veilburn is not engaged at the Victoria, and will not be either, at least, not this season. Had Mr. Knight been willing to have secured her services, he might have done so before that lady applied to Signor Dalle Case . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Luigi Dalle Case (performer, proprietor); Mrs. Ximenes = Ann Winstanley (above); Joseph Chambers (dancer); Olympic Theatre (Sydney venue)

Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) (October 1843 to September 1844):

"The Theatre", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser [Hobart, TAS] (27 October 1843), 3 

. . . The industrious lessee (Mrs. Clarke) has re-organised her company, which is now equal to the good performance of every portion of the drama. Mr. Nesbitt the popular performer of Sydney, Mr. Arabin, formerly of the stage here, Madame Adelle, and Mr. Young, (brother of that favourite actress Miss Young) added to the original company, render it, as we have said, equal to every department of the legitimate drama . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Remens Clarke (actor, vocalist, manager); Francis Nesbitt (actor); Gustavus Arabin (actor); Charles Young (actor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

"THEATRE (LAST NIGHT)", Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (5 March 1844), 3 

In consequence of the great length of our Criminal Court intelligence, we have only room to notice the very superior dancing of Madame Adelle at the benefit last night; such we may safely say, was never seen on our boards before, and the hit which this lady has made will, we doubt not, attract crowds of our elite, to witness what a friend has happily termed, Madame Adelle's "poetry of motion. Arabin's Morbleu in Monsieur Tonson, was excellent, and the house was as good as any during the season.

"THEATRICAL ENTERTAINMENT. - MADAME ADELE", The Hobart Town Advertiser (30 April 1844), 3 

We learn that Mr. Clarke has kindly granted the use of the theatre for a benefit for this lady, and that the period fixed upon is Monday next, the 6th May. Madame Adele has not frequently appeared as a danseuse before a Hobart Town audience, but the slight opportunities afforded to form a judgment, have conferred upon her the deserved appellation of the "Celeste" of the Southern Hemisphere. The performances, we learn, will consist of petite comedy, the ballet, and a musical melange. Madame Adele will appear in three of her most attractive dances, and in a character in one of the vaudevilles. Madame Gautrot, Mr. Arabin, and several other established favorites, (not now with the company at Launceston), as well as other performers, now in the list of our dramatis persona, will render their services on the occasion.

ASSOCIATIONS: Michael Clarke (manager, husband of Anne Clarke, above; she had taken her theatre company to Launceston for a season, leaving Michael in charge of bookings in Hobart); Madame Gautrot (vocalist)

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (10 July 1844), 3 

On Monday evening Mr. Hambleton took a benefit . . . Falchon is as droll as over; his Murtoch Delany, in the "Irishman in London" is a good piece of acting, and kept the audience in a roar. Madame Adelle's dancing was, if possible, more graceful than ever: and the Naval Hornpipe was promptly encored; she is, without exception, the most accomplished danseuse we have ever seen off the boards of the Queen's Theatre in London.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hambleton (actor); Arthur Falchon (comedian, vocalist)

"THE THEATRE. MASONIC BESPEAK", Colonial Times (17 September 1844), 2-3 

. . . [3] . . . We now come to the dancing, and par excellence, to Miss Jane Thomson, who made her debut in a Medley Pas Seul, selected with great judgment, for the purpose of exhibiting this young lady's talent in a variety of pas and of a verity she danceth marvellously well; we did think that Madame Adelle was as accomplished a danseuse as any we might chance to see on these boards, but we must yield the palm to Miss Jane Thomson; her execution, so to call it, of the various steps, &c., is exquisitely beautiful, and withal charmingly graceful; we shall see her again and again, we hope, when we may be enabled to pronounce a more elaborate critique upon her performances; all that we can now say is, that those who do not go and see her scarcely deserve to be called, or at least considered rational beings. There was also some clever dancing by Mesdames F. Howson and Rogers, and Signor Carandini. Of the musical selection from La Somnambula we have formerly spoken. Mr. W. Howson improves, we think, on the clarionette, and Mr. J. Howson's cornet a pistons discourses excellent music in his skilful hands . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jane Thomson (dancer); Emma Howson (dancer); Emma Rogers (dancer, vocalist, actor, sister of Charles Young above); Gerome Carandini (dancer); William Howson (clarinet); John Howson (musician, actor, vocalist)

Sydney, NSW (October 1844 to April 1846):

[Advertisement], The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (21 October 1844), 2 

MADAME VEILBURN will have the honor of making her first appearance this season, and dance the much admired and POPULAR IRISH JIG.
A favourite Dance, by Mr. Chambers . . .
T. SIMES, Manager . . .

"LITHOGRAPHY", The Australian (7 November 1844), 3 

We have been favoured with a drawing of Madame Adele Veilburn, in "the original Irish Jig," being No. 1 of Theatrical Portraits from the lithographic establishment of that indefatigable caterer for public taste Mr. E. D. Barlow, of Bridge-street. The likeness is exact, and the tout ensemble good, with the exception of the ankles which are a libel on the fair danseuse, being somewhat of the Mullingar species, "beef to the heels."

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward David Barlow (lithographer)

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (19 April 1845), 3 

We augur well from the commencement of the winter season at the Victoria . . . In our issue of Thursday, we omitted to mention the engagement at the Victoria of Mesdames Carandini and Veilburn. The singing and dancing of these ladies are of that character, that they will always be heard and seen with pleasure. Madame Carandini has an extremely prepossessing appearance, sings with purity and taste, while her enunciation is perfect and distinct. She must, however, brace her nerves a little more. Madame Veilburn's dancing is easy, graceful, and elegant. Signor Carandini, whose dancing is of a very superior order, has also been engaged. We think a Ballet might be managed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (vocalist)

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (17 May 1845), 3

. . . . Referring to the varied entertainments of the week in the way of singing and dancing, we must particularise Madame Veilburn's Gavotte; Madame Carandini's Julio told we when we Parted, on Monday night; and Mrs. Wallace's Tell me my Heart, on Thursday; this is decidedly the best song in Mrs. W.'s stock . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Wallace (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Australian (18 November 1845), 2 

Song, "The Grand Fancy Ball," by Mrs. Gibbs.
Minuet de la Cour, as danced by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, at the Royal State Ball, at Buckingham Palace, by Madame Veilburn and Signor Carandini, attired in the costume of Louis Quatorze . . .
To be succeeded by an original rustic Ballet of Action, called
JACK AND JILL; Or, The House on the Hill.
In the Course of the Ballet: -
Pas de Deux, by Mesdames Louise and Veilburn
Old Wheatsheaf Dance, by all the Characters
Comic Dance, by Master Chambers
General Dance. - Tableau . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Shinton Deering (actor); Eliza Gibbs (vocalist, actor); Madame Louise [Mrs. James] (dancer); Joseph Chambers junior (dancer)

Melbourne, NSW (VIC) (April 1846 to April 1847):

"THINGS THEATRICAL", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (11 April 1846), 2 

By the "Shamrock," Mr. John Thomas Smith has received a valuable acquisition to his corps de Ballet, for the approaching season. Madame Vielburn [sic], the celebrated Dansuese, the Taglioni of the southern hemisphere, whose "sylphide" has been termed by real judges, to be the "poetry of motion," and whose "Irish jig" has drawn thousands to the Sydney Theatre to witness it, having arrived under an engagement. In addition to the immense attraction of this lady, Mr. and Master Chambers, said to be the most polished male dancers out of London, are also engaged, and have also arrived. These artistes are well known on the Sydney boards, and are established favorites. We feet assured their visit to Melbourne will be productive of great benefit to themselves and the spirited proprietor of the Theatre, Mr. Smith.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Thomas Smith (theatre manager); Marie Taglioni (ballet dancer); Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"THE 'QUEEN'S'", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal [Melbourne, VIC] (25 April 1846), 2 

The indefatigable proprietor of the Queen's Theatre, Mr. J. T. Smith, has secured for the winter nights, a rich treat for the Theatrical portion of the community, in the persons of Madame Veilburn, Master and Mr. Chambers. The two former have already appeared, and made most successful "hits." On Thursday evening Master Chambers regularly took the "Town by Storm," with his very superior and elegant dancing. The audience, by Way of testifying their approbation, threw showers of half-crowns and shillings upon the stage. Madame Veilburn and Master Chambers both appear this evening.

"MULTUM IN PARVO (From late Australasian Papers)", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1846), 3 

MADAME VEILBURN, late of Sydney, was giving a series of monthly assemblies at Melbourne.

"PORT PHILLIP . . . MADAME VEILBURN", The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (13 April 1847), 3 

On Thursday morning, this danseuse appeared on the stage, - not of the Queen's Theatre, but the police office, charged by Mr. John Thomas Smith with having bolted from him, though engaged as a weekly servant. The following are the circumstances of the case: - On Saturday evening the "Madame" was duly announced to play her part at the Theatre, but Mr. Smith having some reasons to believe that she wished to bid him good bye, kept a sharp look out after her, and as soon as the performances terminated, had the mortification to witness her departure in company with Captain Korff, of the schooner Sister, then bound for Adelaide. Sunday passed, and there were no tidings; but on Monday it was discovered she was on board the Sister, and determined upon leaving the colony. A warrant was immediately procured, and about eleven o'clock that night the supposed delinquent was transferred from the schooner's "state cabin" to the colder regions of the watchhouse. On the following morning, upon being introduced to his Worship the Mayor, she was defended by Mr. J. P. Smith, solicitor, who objected that Madame Veilburn was not a servant as contemplated by the Act. After some discussion, their worships agreeing with Mr. Smith's notions, the prisoner was discharged, and she has since rejoined the vessel. - P. P. Herald.

Adelaide, SA (April 1847 to 1849):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (17 April 1847), 3 

Wednesday, March 14th - The schooner Sister, Korff, master, from Melbourne and Portland Bay. Passengers - Mrs. McDonnell, Madame Veilburn and child . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian [Adelaide, SA] (27 April 1847), 2 

New Queen's Theatre. Thursday Eveuing, April 29.
For the Benefit of MRS. OLIFFE.
Mademoiselle Olivia's first appearance, only six years of age.
The entertainments will commence with ALONZO THE BRAVE AND THE FAIR IMOGINE; OR, THE SPECTRE BRIDE.
A variety of singing and dancing.
To be followed by THE YOUNG KING.
Tickets to be had of Mrs. Oliffe, Marriot's Hotel; and of Mr. Coppin, at the theatre, where places for the boxes may be secured.

ASSOCIATIONS: Harriet Oliffe (actor, vocalist); George Coppin (actor, manager); New Queen's Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"POLICE COURT . . . Tuesday, 8th August", Adelaide Observer (12 August 1848), 3-4 

James Carroll, John Foster, William Leonard, and Henry Carroll, were charged with feloniously assaulting and robbing Alexander Malcolm, (late of the "Black Bull") on the night of the 22d ultimo . . .
Alexander Malcolm, soda water manufacturer, stated that he called at the "Bush Club House" tavern . . . [4] . . . he heard Carroll was striving to leave the colony. Had heard he had a benefit at some Theatre to raise funds to do so . . . Did not know Madame Veilburne (Here the veteran figurante came forward. She cast a glance of tender anxiety on the elder Carroll, and as Mr. Malcolm had not the honour of her acquaintance, she was permitted to retire. She curtsied most artistically and withdrew) . . .

Olivia Veilburne, stated she was eight years of age, and knew that she came there to tell the truth, and no person had told her what to say. She lived next door to the "Bush Club House," with her ma', Mrs. Penner. She went for a pint of ale for her ma's supper and heard Mr. Malcolm say Mr. Carroll should either dance or fight. Mr. Carroll said he was too tired, Mr. Malcolm then caught Mr. Carroll by the hair, and hit his head against the counter, and her ma knew the rest. (A laugh.)
Examination continued by Mr. Stephen. - Witness then screamed and let her money fall. Her ma' came in, and Mrs. Balmain sent witness for the police. She found one in Hindley-street . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Carroll (theatrical dancer)

"SUPREME COURT. CRIMINAL SITTINGS . . . Thursday, 14 September", Adelaide Observer (16 September 1848), 3 

. . . Madame Veilburne described the quarrel between the parties. Saw Malcolm get a blow with a fire stick, and saw him go out and swear he'd smash the house cost what it would.
By the Advocate-General - Saw Mr. Malcolm and Leonard, and a blow with a fire stick; could not see who was at the end of the fire stick. Her professional name was Veilburne, but her married name was Penner. Was really married to Mr. Edward Penner. He had recently been in the employment of Mr. F. H. Dutton. He was at present in Town, but did not live with Mr. Penner. She did not live with Mr. Carroll (the prisoner) nor did she "receive him when he came" . . .

"POLICE COURT. CRIMINAL JURISDICTION. Saturday, Oct. 28", South Australian Register (1 November 1848), 3

James Carroll, charged with feloniously assaulting with intent to inflict a grievous bodily harm Jane Penner known professionally as Madame Veilburn, and mistress of the mysteries of the Adelaide Theatre.
On the information being read, His Worship, addressing Mrs. Penner, said:
The prisoner has been apprehended on a warrant, issued in consequence of the complaint which you swore to, a few days ago.
Since then, I have received a letter, with your name attached, and which I presume is your writing.
Mrs. Penner - It is, sir.
His Worship - And it states that your sworn information is false.
Mrs. Penner - It is, sir.
His Worship - Then I must tell you that your conduct is disgraceful in the extreme, and that you will be likely to find yourself very disagreeably mistaken if you again trifle with the police, after calling on them to interfere in your drunken and disreputable quarrels.
To the prisoner - You are discharged, and, if you feel aggrieved, you know your remedy.
The prisoner glanced at Madame significantly, bowed to the Court expressively, and disappeared rapidly.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (10 February 1849), 2 

THIS EVENING (Saturday), February 10th . . . Dance - Mademoiselle Olivia . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lazar (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (29 March 1849), 2 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE, LIGHT-SQUARE. Last Night of the Season.
Dance - Madame Veilburne . . .

Melbourne and Geelong, VIC (1850-53):

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (30 October 1850), 3 

Queen's Theatre. THIS DAY, OCTOBER 30TH . . .
The Interlude will consist of A FAVORITE DANCE - MISS YOUNG
After which, A MEDLEY DANCE By MISS VEILBURN. (her first appearance here)
To be followed by a SHAWL DANCE - MADAME VEILBURN . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Fanny Young (dancer)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (18 September 1851), 2 

MADAME ADELAIDE'S BENEFIT. Friday, September 18.
Madame Adelaide has the honour to announce to her friends and the patrons of the Drama, that her Benefit will take place on the above evening, on which occasion Mr. and Mrs. Stubbs have kindly offered their services.
THE entertainment will commence with the celebrated Scottish Drama, in 3 acts, entitled ROB ROY McGREGOR; OR, AULD LANG SYNE.
Song, Mr. Shearcroft; Dance, Madame Olivia (her first appearance here);
Duet, Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner; Mazourka, Mrs. Stubbs; Song, Mr. Holloway;
Pas de Deux, Madame Adelaide and Madame Olivia.
The whole to conclude with the highly laughable Farce of the BLUE JACKETS.

ASSOCIATIONS: William and Hannah Stubbs (actors, dancer); Edwin Shearcroft (actor, vocalist); Edmund Holloway (actor, vocalist); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 July 1852), 2 

NIGHTS OF PERFORMANCE: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday.
In preparation, an entirely new Drama, of local interest, with new scenery, and entitled THE SPIRIT OF THE GOLD FIELDS . . .
ON TUESDAY, 20th JULY, 1852 . . . a Romantic Drama, in two Acts, entitled THE GOLD DIGGERS OF ANZASCA . . .
To be followed by an entirely new Ballet devertisement, arranged for this occasion, to be called
Fairy of the magic wand - Miss Veilburne
Susan, the fair maid of Victoria - Madame Veilburne
Annet, her sister - Mrs. Davis
Dame Crompy - Mrs. Webster
Jeoferry - Mr. Coppin
Mr. Barlamb Sheepface, a squatter - Mr. Meadows
Nuggity Spar, a gold digger - Mrs. Stubbs
Oliver Bounce, a policeman - Mr. Turner
Jack Tar - Mr. Holloway
Bill Roe - Mr. Shearcroft
Bill - Mr. Coppin
The most striking Incidents in this Local Production, consist in
Sylphide Pas seul - Miss Veilburne.
The unfortunate Gold Digger's returntrue love rever did run smooth -
the rich Squatter's claims for the hand of the Fair Maid of Victoria -
a lamb in Sheep's clothing - the Fairy of the Magic Wand protects the Gold Digger.
The Nugget Pas De Deux - Madame Veilburne and Mrs. Stubbs.
Power of the Magic Wand - Flight of the Fairy.
Pas Seul - Madame Veilburne.
Bale of Wool v. a Bag of Gold - wealth in a small compas.
Double hornpipe - Madame Veilburne and Mrs. Stubbs.
Comic Dance - Mr. Meadows.
Final Dance - By the Characters . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Meadows (dancer)

"TOWN COUNCIL", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (16 February 1854), 1 supplement

The Municipal Council met yesterday morning for hearing appeals against the rate of assessment lately made by the valuators of the town of Geelong . . . The following appeals from Bellerine and Barwon Wards, against the vote of assessment were entertained, with the result of the Council there-upon . . .
Veilburne, Jane, Malop-street, 40, confirmed . . .

Sydney, NSW (from 1854):

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . MALCOM'S AMPHITHEATRE", Illustrated Sydney News (11 February 1854), 6 

The interest of the Circus has been considerably augmented within the last few nights, by the nightly appearance of Madame Veilburn, and the re-engagement of Mr. Charles Axtelle. The proprietor, we see, takes his benefit on Monday evening, and as the programme is an attractive one, we have no doubt that those who may honor the Circus with a visit on the occasion, will be highly gratified.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Axtelle (circus performer); John Malcom (proprietor); Malcom's Amphitheatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (17 June 1854), 3

Royal Victoria Theatre.
For the benefit of MR. BELFIELD, Manager . . . MONDAY, JUNE 19th , 1854 . . .
First appearance of MADAME VEILBURNE, the celebrated Danseuse, from the Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart Town, and Geelong Theatres,
who will appear in the LA SYLPHEDE, as danced by her 300 nights in the metropolis of Victoria . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Belfield (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1855), 4 

The performances will commence with Howard Payne's Tragedy of BRUTUS; or, The Fall of Tarquin.
Lucius Junius Brutus, Mr. G. V. Brooke . . .
Pas Fantastique, Miss Veilburn . . .
A. TORNING, Solo Lessee.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Vaughan Brooke (actor); Andrew Torning (lessee)

Burials in the parish of Camperdown, in the county of Cumberland, in the year 1858; Sydney Anglican Diocesan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 6761 / Jane Adele Williamson / George St. / Died May 13 / Buried May 15 / 45 years / Dancer . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1858), 1 

On the 13th May 1858, at Sydney, Jane, the wife of Joseph Shortland Williamson.

"EASTER IN THE EARLY DAYS. BY AN OLD COLONIST", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (26 March 1864), 13 

. . . 1846, at Easter time . . . Mr. J. T. Smith, who had now become the proprietor of the Queen's Theatre, launched an Easter piece - a perfect novelty in this hemisphere - but in the midst of its run, Madame Veilburn, the principal danseuse, gave the manager the slip, and flew into the arms of a certain Captain Korff, the skipper of a schooner trading to Adelaide. Mr. Smith tried to reclaim the fair absconder, under the Master and Servant Act, but the lady was too much for the future mayor, and returned victoriously to the cuddy of the ancient "salt," the magistrates deciding that the relation of master and servant had never existed . . .

Bibliography and resources:

B. H. Fletcher, "Williamson, James (1758-1826)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Edward H. Pask, Enter the colonies dancing: a history of dance in Australia, 1835-1940 (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1979), 4-14 passim

Don and Ian Wilkey, "Madame Adele Veilburn (c1813-1858)", posted at Australharmony, 26 April 2016

Jane Adele Williamson, Find a grave 


Musician, orchestral cellist, Sydney University Musical Festival

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

On TUESDAY, July 19th, and THREE FOLLOWING DAYS, a series of
GRAND MUSICAL PERFORMANCES Will be held to celebrate the opening of the
HALL of the Sydney University in which the performances will take place . . .
VIOLONCELLI. - Mr. E. S. Deane, Mr. T. L. Williamson, Mr. F. Howson, jun.
And the gentleman amateurs of the Philharmonic Society . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Edward Smith Deane (cello); Frank Alfred Howson (cello); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

WILLIS, Augusta Margaret (Augusta Margurite HUTTMANN; Augusta Margaret HUTTMANN; [1] Mrs. Frederick WILLIS; Mrs. F. WILLIS; Mrs. WILLIS; [2] "Mrs. John Proctor HYDES"; Mrs. HYDES"; Miss Julia HUTTMANN; [3] Mrs. Edward Jones CATLOW; Augusta M. CATLOW)

Actor, vocalist, dancer, author, school teacher, sewing mistress

Born c. 1827; daughter of William HUTTMANN (1792-1844)
Married [1] Frederick WILLIS, St. Paul's, Covent Garden, London, England, 5 March 1848
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 May 1849 (per Agenoria, from London, 30 January, aged "21")
Married [2, ? common law] John Proctor HYDES, by c. 1852 (? separated by late 1858)
Married [3] Edward Jones CATLOW, St. John's, Adelaide, SA, 16 December 1862
Died Mount Gambier, SA, 9 August 1885, aged "58" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

WILLIS, Frederick (Frederick WILLIS; Mr. F. WILLIS)

Artist, painter, amateur actor

Born c. 1824; son of John WILLIS
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 May 1849 (per Agenoria, from London, 30 January, aged "25") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

DISAMBIGUATION: Thomas Charles Willis (actor, unrelated)


Augusta Huttmann was a daughter of William Huttmann, a noted London-born linguist, orientalist, and sinologist, "teacher of Chinese and oriental languages", secretary to the Royal Asiatic Society in 1830, and a member of the Royal Geographical Society. He was also proprietor and editor of the shortlived London journal, The South Australian Colonist and Settlers' Weekly Record of British, Foreign and Colonial Intelligence, which ran from April to July 1840. William's brother John Henry Huttmann was a noted London chess player.

At the time of the 1841 English census, Augusta was aged 14, a "flower maker", living with her father and stepmother, Susan Goldsmith.

At St. Paul's, Covent Garden, on 5 March 1848, she married Frederick Willis, an artist, and on 30 January the following year the couple sailed for New South Wales, as assisted emigrants on the Agenoria.

Having arrived in Sydney on 25 May, Augusta made her colonial debut as an actor at the Royal Victoria Theatre in August, and as a dancer in October.

She gave birth to a daughter, Fanny, in Sydney on 1 September 1850. However, on the child's death, aged "4", in Victoria in 1855, registered as "Fanny Hydes", the listed father (whether natural or the stepfather) was the actor and comedian John Proctor Hydes.

Hydes was in the Victoria company at the time Augusta joined it, and in January 1852 they played as joint leads in what turned out to be her last Sydney performances. At the end of the month, Augusta and Hydes sailed for Melbourne, only to reappear in March at the Theatre Royal, Geelong, billed as Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Hydes.

Augusta probably continued to appear with Hydes as Mrs. Hydes at least until 1855 in Melbourne, and perhaps as late as early 1858 in Ballarat. Thereafter, the first "Mrs. Hydes" disappears from record, in due course to be replaced in the "role" by Harriet Gordon.

As "Miss Julia Huttmann" [sic], Augusta was next billed to appear as a actor and dancer in Adelaide in September 1858.

In Adelaide, on 16 December 1862, she married Edward Jones Catlow, and from 1864 they filled a series of country school teaching posts for the SA Board of Education. She died at Mount Gambier, SA, on 9 August 1885, Edward having died there several months earlier.


England census, 6 June 1841, Tottenham, St. Pancras, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/686/1649/39 (PAYWALL)

William Hutman / 52 / Linguist / [not born in county]
Susan [Hutman] / 32 / - / [not born in county]
Martha Goldsmith / 30 / - / [not born in county]
Augusta Hutman / 14 / Flower Maker / [not born in county]
Frederick [Hutman] / 15 / [Flower Maker] / [not born in county]
Susan [Hutman] / 4 / - [born in county] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Susan Goldsmith married William Huttmann at St. Martin in the Fields, London, on 4 January 1836

1848, marriage solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St. Paul Covent Garden in the county of Middlesex; register 1845-54, page 67; City of Westminster Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 134 / March 5 / Frederick Willis / of full age / Bachelor / Artist / [of] James Street / [son of] John Willis / Artist
Augusta Margurite Huttmann / of full age [sic] / Spinster / - / James Street / [daughter of] William Huttmann / Linguist . . .

Assisted immigrants per Agenoria, 1849; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAYWALL)

. . . Frederick Willis / 25 // Augusta Willis / 21 . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1849), 2 

THIS EVENING, AUGUST 21, 1849 . . .
To conclude with the laughable farce of A LOVER BY PROXY.
Harry Lawless, Mr. Hydes; Mr. Bromley, Mr. Rogers; Squib, Mr. F. Howson;
Peter Blushington, Mr. Spencer; Kate Bromley, Mrs. Willis - her second appearance;
Harriett, Madame Carandini.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Proctor Hydes (actor, vocalist); George Herbert Rogers (actor, vocalist); Frank Howson (actor, vocalist); Albert Spencer (actor); Maria Carandini (actor, vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"THE THEATRE", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (15 September 1849), 4 

. . . Mrs. Willis, by the way, seems well initiated in the vocation of the boards; and if she he not a tearer of passion to the very "rag," she has quite enough of animation and spirit to get through a very quiet, professional, easy maniere in conniere, and the parts "set down" for her. If she be not of the ardent and "bow and dagger" school, she is quite prepossessive enough of feminine qualities to he an acquisition to a theatrical corps, and progressive of success . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1849), 2 

THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 18, Will be presented the NIGHT DANCERS,
Albert, Mr. J Howson; Fridolin Mr. F. Howson; Bertha, Madame Carandini; Giselle, Mrs. Guerin.
A grand medley dance, by Mrs. F. Willis, her first appearance as a dancer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Howson (actor, vocalist); Theodosia Guerin (actor, vocalist)

MUSIC: The night dancers (opera by E. J. Loder)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1850), 2 

THIS EVENING, JANUARY 1, Will be presented the Pantomime of
King Pippin, Mr. Rogers; Henry, Mr. Hydes; Valentine, Mrs. Guerin;
Orson, Mr. F. Howson; Agramant, Mr. Spencer; the Princess Eglantine, Madame Carandini;
Agatha, Mrs. Rogers; Belisanta, Mrs. Gibbs; Florimonda, Mrs. F. Willis;
Harlequin, Signor Carandini; Clown, Mr. Torning; Pantaloon, Mr. Hollis; Columbine, Madame Torning . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma Rogers (actor, vocalist, dancer); Eliza Gibbs (actor, vocalist); Gerome Carandini (dancer); Andrew and Eliza Torning (actors, dancer)

"THE DRAMA" Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (19 January 1850), 3 

In consequence of the sudden indisposition of Mrs. Guerin, the opera of the Bohemian Girl (the announcement of which attracted a fashionable circle at the Victoria Theatre on Thursday evening) was withdrawn, and the farces of "Used Up," and "Tom Noddy's Secret," were substituted. The novelty of the evening was an exquisitely ludicrous farce entitled "The Man without a Head," which, by the aid of Frank Howson, Hydes, Madam Carandini, Mrs. Willis, and Mrs. Torning, elicited shouts of laughter throughout. We cannot omit reference to the very satisfactory manner in which Mrs. Willis, at a few moments' notice, undertook the part previously sustained by Mrs. Guerin in "Used Up." This young lady's rapid progress in the art and mystery of the "boards" is alike surprising and commendable. She has successfully studied to attain that ease of deportment and carriage, the essential requirements of the finished actress, and we cordially congratulate her on having so triumphantly overcome the principal obstacles to professional advancement. On Mondny next we perceive that the famous spectacle of "Tekeli, or the Siege of Montgatz," will be produced with all the original music.

"GROCOTT'S ART UNION", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1850), 3 

The following is a list of the prizes which were awarded by the gentlemen who undertook the task of judging of the comparative merits of the paintings sent in for competition to Grocott's Art Union: -
To H. R. Smith, for historical or composition picture in oil, £30; to F. Willis, for the best landscape in oil, £20 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Turner Grocott (musicseller, artseller)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1850), 2 

First and only appearance of MR. F. WILLIS.
Mrs. F. Willis, in making her first appeal to the liberality of a Sydney Audience . . .
The Evening's Entertainments will commence with (for the first time these six years,)
Shakspeare's admired Tragedy, in five Acts, called ROMEO AND JULIET. . .
PARIS, Mr. F. WILLIS . . . ROMEO, Mrs. F. WILLIS; Benvolio, Mr. Willis . . . Juliet, Mrs. Guerin . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1850), 2 

A Normandy Clog Dance, by Mrs. F. Willis . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 July 1850), 3 

6. "Roadside Scene near Richmond," painted by Mr. F. Willis expressly for the Art Union. Size, 4 feet 6 in. x 3 feet 6 in. [value] - 15 Guineas . . .

"COLONIAL ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1850), 5 

There are several paintings by colonial artists now on view at Grocott's, which are well worth a visit . . . An artist named Willis, who is, we believe, a recent arrival in the colony, paints cattle pieces with considerable effect; on a previous occasion we had to notice one of his paintings, a scene on the Penrith Road, and there is a similar subject in this exhibition, a scene near Richmond, with a bullock team, which we very much admire; the colouring of the landscape is rather raw, but the drawing is admirable, and the cattle are very nicely done . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1850), 2 

THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 1, WILL be presented the Drama entitled
In the course of the piece, Mrs. F. Willis will sing the original songs of "To welcome Mirth and Harmless Glee," and "I have a Silent Sorrow Here" . . .

MUSIC: Songs introduced into Sheridan's adaptation of Kotzebue's The stranger: I have a silent sorrow here and To welcome mirth and harmless glee (by Thomas Shaw and/or Georgiana Cavendish)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1851), 2 

Pas de Deux, the Misses Griffiths. Pas Suel, Miss Hart. Mazourka, Mrs. F. Willis . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Arabin (actor); Fanny and Emily Griffiths (dancers); Margaretta Hart (dancer)

[Advertisement], Empire (19 February 1851), 4 

Mrs. Guerin, Mrs. Rogers, Madame Torning, and Mrs. F. Willis, will appear as the
FEMALE ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS! and sing a variety of popular Melodies, concluding with De Celumbrated Railway Gallop . . .

MUSIC: The railway galop (Josef Gungl)

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 February 1851), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. Monday Evening, 24th February, 1851.
FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. F. HOWSON. Production of Auber's celebrated Opera of MASANIELLO . . .
The "Celebrated Pas de Folies," from Gustavus III., Miss Hart and Mrs. F. Willis . . .

MUSIC: Pas de folies (Auber, from Gustavus III, act 5)

"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 March 1851), 2 

This Evening, March 15, 1851
Will be produced the admired Opera, entitled THE SIEGE OF ROCHELLE . . . Cynthia, Mrs. F. Willis . . .
Double Hornpipe, Madame Torning and Mrs. F. Willis . . .

MUSIC: The siege of Rochelle (Balfe)

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. James, Sydney, in the year 1851; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAYWALL)

29 August 1851 / born 1 September 1850 / Fanny Alithea / [daughter of] Frederick & Augusta Margaret / Darlinghurst / Artist / [officiant] Robert Allwood

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (4 November 1851), 3 

Mrs. Frederick Willis took her benefit on Thursday; the entertainments consisted of She Stoops to Conquer and The Rifle Brigade, with some intervening musical performances . . .

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (10 January 1852), 3 

. . . The pleasant farce of Cousin Cherry has been several times repeated. Would that we could shower bouquets of amaranth and fling baskets of asphodel at the feet of Mrs. Willis, night after night, as she smiles and prattles in Widow Cherry. The actress has made the part perfectly her own. We have never seen a more charming impersonation of farcical character. Mr. Hydes sustained Charles. In this line, he is without a rival . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (31 January 1852), 34 

January 24. - Empire, schooner, 73 tons, Captain Brown, for Melbourne. Passengers: - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Hydes . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (22 March 1852), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL, GEELONG. Under the sole management of Mr. Deering.
Tuesday will be the First Night of LOLA MONTES. TRIUMPH OF TALENT!
Mr. and Mrs. Hydes every Evening . . .
ON TUESDAY, MARCH 23, The Performances will commence with
Supported by Mr. and Mrs. Hydes and the entire strength of the Company . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Deering (actor, manager); Lola Montez (dancer); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (14 October 1854), 5 

Buckstone's capital comedy "Married Life" was exhibited last evening to a full house . . . The characters personified by Mr. Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Hydes, and Mr. and Mrs. C. Young, are in best style of comedy . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles and Jane Young (actors, manager); Queen's Theatre (Melbourne, venue)

"ROLLA OF OURS", The Argus (12 January 1855), 4 

Mr. Akhurst's piece continues to attract crowded audiences . . . Mrs. Young and Mrs. Hydes infused even more than the usual spirit of these ladies into the parts of Cora and Elvira . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Mower Akhurst (author, dramatist)

"BOXING DAY. PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus (27 December 1854), 4 

. . . "Riddle-Me-Riddle-Me-Ree, or Harlequin and Conundrum Castle," is the name of the pantomime, and . . . is from the pen of Nelson Lee, the veteran author of compositions of this description . . . A fairy scene is next presented to the audience, and the entrance of the principal immortal, in person of Mrs. Hydes, whose appearance in a car drawn by two swans, evoked tremendous plaudits . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Nelson Lee (English dramatist)

"THE MONTEZUMA", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (29 June 1857), 3 

This theatre was re-opened last Monday evening under the management of Mr. J. P. Hydes . . . Mr. Warde in Wild Eric was forcible. Messrs. Hydes and Ray kept the house in a perpetual state of effervescence, with their jocularities and facetious dresses. Mesdames Ray, C. Walsh, Dale and Hydes, played their respective roles with really good taste, as the audience seemed to think by their repeated applause of their efforts. Mrs. Hydes dressed her part capitally . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Con Warde (actor); Elinor Dale (actor); Montezuma Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The South Australian Advertiser [Adelaide, SA] (4 September 1858), 2 

The new season will commence on Monday next . . . Mr. Henderson, the lessee, who returned from Melbourne by the Havilah, has been extremely successful in securing additional talent. The Chambers' Family, a host in themselves, will appear on Monday. The services of Miss Julia Huttmann, a very accomplished and versatile actress and danseuse, have been secured . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Chambers and family (dancers); Victoria Theatre (Adelaide venue)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (14 September 1858), 3 

"Rob Roy" was produced last night to a good audience. Mr. Mungall was of course, the principal object of attraction, and enacted his character in a most successful manner. Mr. Chambers took the part of the Dugal Creature, and Miss Julia Hattmann [sic] that of Francis Osbaldiston. An amusing Chinese dance by Mr. and Miss Chambers followed, and was loudly applauded. The entertainment concluded with the farce of "The Clockmaker's Hat," in which Miss Hattman, who is getting quite a favourite, and Mr. Greville, kept the house in continual merriment until its conclusion.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Mungall (actor); Joseph and Amy Chambers (brother and sister; dancers); John Rodger Greville (actor, comedian)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 May 1859), 1 

ALDRIDGE'S SHADES. - DRAMATIC and MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT by Miss Julia Hattmann, Mr. J. B. Creswick, and Company, on Saturday, May 7.
Admission 1s. Commence at 8 o'clock. No ladies admitted.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Aldridge (proprietor)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 May 1859), 1 

- Miss JULIA HATTMANN [sic] and Mr. J. B. CRESWICK, &c. Friday, 13th. Admission, 1s. Commence, 8 o'clock.

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (18 December 1862), 2

CATLOW - HUTTMANN. - On the 16th December, at St. John's Church, Adelaide, by the Rev. D. J. H. Ibbetson, Edward Jones, only surviving son of the late Rev. Samuel Catlow, of Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, to Augusta Margaret Willis, second daughter of the late William Huttmann, Esq., Professor of Oriental Languages at the London University.

"FINNIS VALE [From our own Correspondent] Finniss Vale, December 28", South Australian Register (30 December 1864), 3

Our usually quiet and retired valley, which up to the present time has rarely gathered its inhabitants together for any more exciting purpose than the opening of a new bridge or the anniversary of our Sunday-school, was most pleasantly enlivened on Monday evening last by a concert and lecture . . . The programme for the entertainment comprised the following attractions: -
1. Quartette, four flutes, Messrs. H. Elliott. S. Way, G. Parkins, and J. Kitson.
2. Song, "Madoline" - Mr. W. Randall.
3. Ethiopian melody, "Rosa Lee" - Mr. J. Leonard and chorus.
Lecture, Mr. E. J. Catlow, "Teetotalism and Temperance compared," part 1.
4. British Navy Quadrilles, piano and flute - Mr. and Mrs. G. Parkins.
5. Duet, "I know a bank" - Mr. and Miss Randall.
6. Song, "I dream of thee" - Mr. H. Elliott.
7. Scotch ballad, "Auld Robin Gray" - Mrs. Catlow.
8. Comic song, "The Cork Leg" - Mr. Jas. Leonard.
Lecture, part 2.
9. Ballad, "Phoebe Morel" - Miss Randall.
10. Song, "My heart is sad for thee, Annie" - Mr. G. Parkins.
11. Ballad, "The Irish Emigrant" - Mrs. Catlow.
12. The National Anthem.
Whether it was owing to the day having been judiciously fixed upon . . . bosing day . . . or from the atttactive nature of the programme, copies of which had been distributed about the district, the entertainment was most cordially supported, and a large and respectable audience of nearly 100 persons testified repeatedly by their hearty applause how much they were gratified. The vocal and instrumental performers, many of whom made their first appearance in public on this occasion, were, each and all, warmly welcomed; and though only standing forth as amateurs, cordially co-operating in trying to carry out two good objects they succeeded in contributing their respective parts without a single hitch, and each receied the warm applause of the audience. The lecture, which was delivered by Mr. Edward J. Catlow, licensed teacher of our school, had for its object the lecturer's opinions upon the subjects of teetotalism and temperance, which he maintained were two distinct principles. He gave warm praise to the efforts of teetotallers to reform the drunkard and the profligate, and urged the adoption of its principles by all those who were conscious of their own weakness; but he denied utterly the necessity or advisability of their being embraced by persons of temperate habits . . . At the conclusion of the business of the evening as given in the programme, part of the audience withdrew, but a great portion remained behind and respectfully requested a few more songs, which was good humouredly responded to by Mr. Randall singing "Annie Laurie," and afterwards joining Miss Randall in the duet "What are the Wild Waves saying." Mrs. Catlow also sung "I Love the Merry Sunshine" . . .

"FINNIS VALE [Correspondent] Tuesday, January 2", The South Australian Advertiser (6 January 1866), 2

The concert and lecture came on, as advertised, on New Year's Day evening. The room was not filled, as other amusements were being carried on at various houses in the district. The pieces sung in the first part consisted of solos and duets, the performers being Mr. H. Elliott, Mrs. Catlow, Mr. and Miss Randall, and Mr. G. W. Randall (solo on concertina); then followed the lecture, by Mr. E. J. Catlow, on " Popular Vocal Music." It seemed to be universally appreciated, and it was really an excellent lecture. The second part of the concert was ably sustained by Mr. Leonard, Mrs. Catlow, Mr. and Miss Randall, and Mr. G. W. Randall. The National Anthem, sung with a chorus, then finished the proceedings, which appeared to give general satisfaction.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1869), 2

The Adelaide Miscellany this week contains a musical supplement, the result of "native industry." It is a song called "The tender moonlight," the words and music both by colonists.

"NEW MUSIC", Adelaide Observer (24 April 1869), 4 

The Adelaide Miscellany, No. 20, just published, contains a pretty song, entitled "The Tender Moonlight," written by Augusta M. Catlow, and set to music by Mr. Edward J. Catlow with pianoforte accompaniment.

"COUNCIL OF EDUCATION", South Australian Register (17 October 1876), 6 

. . . Mr. Hartley recommended the appointment of the following sewing mistresses: -
Augusta M. Catlow, Yankalilla, from July 1 . . .

"DEATH", Border Watch [Mount Gambier, SA] (1 April 1885), 2

CATLOW. - At Mount Gambier, on the 28th March, of heart disease, Ed. J. Catlow, late head master of the Compton School, aged 73 years.

[Advertisement], Border Watch (15 April 1885), 2 

LOUIS GEORGE EHRET has received instructions from the Executors in the Estate of the late Edward J. Catlow, to sell as above,
The whole of his Household Furniture, COMPRISING Smith-American Organ, Really Good Piano (iron back) . . .

[News], Border Watch (12 August 1885), 2 

MRS. E. J. CATLOW, relict of the late Mr. E. J. Catlow, teacher, died at the Mount Gambier Hospital on Sunday evening. Mrs. Catlow had suffered from a long illness. Her age was 58 years. The funeral obsequies were conducted yesterday by the Rev. Dr. Craig.

[News], Border Watch (2 January 1886), 2 

PROBATE has been granted in the estate of the late Mrs. Augusta M. Catlow of Mount Gambier, £80.

Musical works:

The tender moonlight, original colonial song, with pianoforte accompaniment; words by Augusta M. Catlow; music by Edward J. Catlow [musical supplement to The Adelaide miscellany 10 (22 April 1869)] (Adelaide: Printed and published by Walter C. Sims and Joseph Elliott, 1869) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Sims and Elliott (publishers)

Bibliography and resources:

"OBITUARY. Mr. William Huttmann", The Asiatic journal and monthly miscellany (November 1844 to April 1845), 104-05 (DIGITISED)

"F. Willis", Design & art Australia online (DAAO) 

WILLIS, Thomas Charles (Thomas Charles WILLIS; Mr. T. WILLIS; Mr. WILLIS)

Actor, vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 29 December 1827; baptised St. Philip's, Sydney, 27 January 1828; son of Thomas WILLIS (c. 1800-1882) and Catherine TRAINER (1811-1871)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by June 1849
Married Alice KINLYSIDE, St. Philip's church, Sydney, NSW, 5 August 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 October 1853, aged "25/26" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DISAMBIGUATION: Augusta Willis (actor, unrelated)


Thomas Willis was born in Sydney on 29 December 1827, the first child of Thomas Willis, former convict and shoemaker, and his wife Catherine Trainer, who had married at St. John's, Parramatta, on 8 May 1826.

Thomas made his first stage appearances in Henry Deering's company at the Theatre Royal, Geelong, for the summer season of 1848. He made his last appearance there in May 1849, before returning to Sydney and appearing for the first time at the Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1849. At around the same time Augusta Willis (Mrs. Frederick Willis) also joined the company at the Victoria, but they were not related. Both were principally actors, but were occasionally billed as vocalists (she also a dancer).

Thomas also appeared occasionally in operas and ballad operas - including Maritana (as Alcade, 1850), Masaniello (Lorenzo, 1851), Black-eyed Susan (Jacob Twig, 1851), Guy Mannering (title role, 1852), Norma (Flavius, 1852), The daughter of St. Mark (Strozzi, 1852), Der Freischutz (Ottacar, 1853), Love in a village (Eustace, 1853), and The Bohemian girl (Florestein, 1853) - though there are no recorded descriptions of him singing.

Master J. H. Willis, a dancer and a pupil of J. Hall, who appeared in Willis's benefits was probably his brother John (born Sydney, 21 December 1839; died Sydney, 4 July 1863).


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser [NSW/VIC] (25 November 1848), 2 

The following is a list of the Company as at present constituted - . . .
Mr. WARDE . . . Mr. CAMERON . . . Mr. WILLIS . . . Mr. DEERING . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Deering (actor, manager); Con Warde (actor); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (29 May 1849), 3 

Mr. Quinn's joint Benefit with Mr. Willis . . .
The whole to conclude with, for the last time, an Historical Farcetta entitled THE QUEEN'S HORSES . . .
Sam - MR. WARDE; Jack - MR. WILLIS . . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (16 June 1849), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre . . .
Last night of the Drama of ANTOINE THE SAVAGE; or, the Rock of Charbonniere.
In which Mr. WILLIS from the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, will make his first appearance before a Sydney Audience in the character of Victor.
ON MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 18, 1849 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 August 1850), 3 

On Monday last, at St. Philip's Church, by the Reverend Archdeacon Cowper, Thomas Willis, Esq., Member of the Sydney Corps of Thespians, eldest son of Thomas Willis, Esq., merchant of this town, to Alice, eldest daughter of John Kingliside, Esq., of Ashfield, near Sydney.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1850), 2 

THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 31, Will be produced the admired Opera entitled MARITANA.
Charles II., Mr. Rogers; Don Caesar, Mr. J. Howson; Don Jose de Santaram, Mr. F. Howson; Marquis de Montefiore, Mr. Spencer; Lazarillo, Mrs. Rogers; Alcade, Mr. Willis; Maritana, Mrs. Guerin; Marchioness de Montefiore, Mrs. Gibbs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Herbert and Emma Rogers (actors, vocalists); John Howson (actor, vocalist); Frank Howson (actor, vocalist); Albert Spencer (actor); Theodosia Guerin (actor, vocalist); Eliza Gibbs (actor, vocalist)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1851), 2 

Alfonso, Mr. J. Howson; Lorenzo, Mr. Willis; Sergeant, Mr. Rogers; Masaniello, Mr. F. Howson; Guiseppe Aniello, Mr. Hydes; Paolo, Mr. Belfield; Fenella, Madame Torning; Elvira, Mrs. Guerin; Briella, Mrs. Gibbs . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Proctor Hydes (actor, vocalist); Francis Belfield (actor, vocalist); Eliza Torning (actor, dancer)

"THEATRICALS AND MUSICAL . . . MR. WILLIS' BENEFIT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 March 1851), 2 

This talented young actor will make his second appeal to the public on Thursday evening next, on which occasion a New Drama, filled, with very striking effects, and of absorbing interest, will be presented to the public. Its title is romantic enough, "Launcelot of the Lake, or the Knights of the Round Table." Other spicy bits of farce, &c., are included in the feast and Mr. Willis, as a native youth, confidently hopes that his brother cornstalks will rally round him; he promises (and will fulfill his promise) the deepest gratitude for all favours received.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1851), 2 

Mr. T. WILLIS has much pleasure in announcing to his friends and the public of Sydney and its environs, that his
BENEFIT is fixed to take place on Thursday next, when he trusts his exertions during the recent season, and the Entertainments announced, will ensure him a share of public support . . .
Highland Fling, by Master J. H. Willis, Pupil of Mr. Hall;
Song, "Tell me my Heart," Mrs. Rogers;
Drum Polka (by desire), the Misses Griffiths;
Solo - Tenor Trombone, "Light of other Days," and Finale, by Mr. J. Howson;
[REDACTED] Melody, "Cynthia Sue," Mr. Hydes;
Naval Hornpipe, Master J. H. Willis;
New Medley Dance, Miss Hart . . .
Tickets may be obtained at the usual places; of Mr. Willis, at his residence, 28, Elizabeth-street South; and of Mr. Wyatt, at the Theatre, where Boxes may be secured.

ASSOCIATIONS: Fanny and Emily Griffiths (dancers); Margaret Hart (dancer); J. Hall (teacher of dancing); Joseph Wyatt (proprietor)

"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (5 April 1851), 2 

This Evening, April 3, 1851 . . . Song (in character) Mr. T. Willis.

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (13 September 1851), 3 

Our usual criticism bas been this week somewhat delayed, and this, proceeding from various causes, we have to apologise for. In the well-known operatic drama, Rob Roy, Miss Sara Flower appeared as Lady Diana Vernon, and Madame Carandini as Francis Osbaldistone. The piece was spiritedly performed, and deservedly successful . . . Rashleigh Osbaldistone received full justice at the hands of Mr. Willis. As a native of the colony and a very young performer, this gentleman is an object to us of uncommon interest, and convinced as we are that he possesses considerable talents, we have little doubt of seeing him yet occupy an eminent place in his profession. All will depend on himself, and that more immediately on study, the most industrious and the most untiring and a careful avoidance of the mere play acting style of performing . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sara Flower (actor, vocalist); Maria Carandini (actor, vocalist)

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (27 March 1852), 2 

. . . Black-Eyed Susan was brought out on Wednesday evening with brilliant success. The rôle of the heroine was sustained by Mrs. Guerin - that of Dolly Mayflower by Miss E. Griffiths. Mr. Willis played Jacob Twig, and both looked and acted the character to perfection. This is Mr. Willis's first appearance in this line of impersonation, and we congratulate him on his success, repeating our one word of advice to him on a former occasion - study . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (1 October 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING (Friday), October 1, 1852, will be produced the celebrated Opera of
GUY MANNERING Or, THE GIPSY'S PROPHECY, Colonel Mannering, Mr. Willis;
Dominic Sampson, Mr. Rogers; Henry Bertram, Mr. J. Howson; Dandie Dinmont, Mr. Griffiths;
Gabriel, Mr. F. Howson; Bailie Mucklethrift, Mr. Howard;
Julia Mannering, Madame Sara Flower; Meg Merriles, Mrs. Gibbs; Flora, Madame Carandini . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gordon Griffiths (actor); Sam Howard (actor)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (14 October 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING, Thursday; October 14, 1852, will be produced the celebrated Opera of NORMA:
Oreveso, Mr. F. Howson; Pollio, Mr. J. Howson; Flavius, Mr. Willis;
Norma, Madame Sara Flower; Adalgisa, Madame Carandini; Clotilda, Mrs. Gibbs . . .

"SYDNEY POLICE COURT. FRIDAY [15 October] . . . TRAGEDY IN DIFFICULTIES", Empire (16 October 1852), 2 

Mr. Thomas Willis, a knight of the sack and buskin, appeared to answer the complaint of Rhoda Donnelly, an Amazonian specimen of the feminine gender, whose swarthy features were enlivened by two coal black eyes, around the rim of which were sundry contusions, said to have been inflicted by the defendant's tragic arm and knuckles. Mr. Willis called his mother, and his sister, to prove that he had not inflicted the aforesaid bruises, which were the result of Rhoda not being able to maintain her equilibrium, while indulging in certain Bacchanalian orgies, at her residence, on the evening mentioned in the information. The ladies cleverly exonerated their relative from blame, and the case was dismissed.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (1 February 1853), 2 

THIS EVENING, Tuesday, February 1, 1853, will be produced the Opera of
Bernhard, Head Ranger, Mr. Rogers; Killian, Mr. Howard; Rodolph, Mr. J. Howson; Caspar, Mr. F. Howson . . .
Demon of the Hartz, Mr. Willis; Foresters, Messrs. Horton, Welsh, Willis, McGowan, Warde, &c. . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (15 February 1853), 2 

THIS EVENING, Tuesday, February 15, 1853, will be produced the favorite Opera of THE BOHEMIAN GIRL.
Count Arnheim, Mr. Rogers; Florestein, Mr. Willis; Thaddeus, Mr. J. Howson; Devilshoof, Mr. F. Howson . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (4 May 1853), 2 

THIS EVENING, Wednesday, May 4, 1853, the English Comic Opera of LOVE IN A VILLAGE:
Sir William Meadows, Mr. Rogers; Justice Woodcock, Mr. Griffiths; Young Meadows, Mr. J. Howson;
Hawthorne, Mr. F. Howson; Eustace, Mr. Willis; Hodge, Mr. Howard . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (14 May 1853), 1 

ON WHIT MONDAY, the 16th of May, 1853 . . .
Favourite Song, Mr. F. Howson; with Trombone Accompaniment by Mr. John Howson.
Pas de Deux, Mrs. McGowan and Signor Carandini.
Favourite Irish Ballad, Madame Sara Flower.
Naval Hornpipe, Master Willis . . .
Tickets and Boxes . . . and of Mr. Willis, at his residence, Market-street, near Elizabeth-street.

"THE LATE MR. NESBITT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (2 July 1853), 2 

It affords us extreme gratification in announcing that a performance will take place at the York-street Circus on Tuesday evening, the proceeds of which will be handed over to the widow and family of the above-named lamented tragedian . . . Mr. F. Howson, Mr. Belfield, and Mr. Willis, have volunteered their assistance on this occasion; and we sincerely trust the appeal will be liberally responded to by the public, in whose memory the successful career of the deceased actor must ever retain place.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Nesbitt (actor, died Sydney, 28 March 1853)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (16 July 1853), 2 

The season will open on Monday next with a company superior both in respect to numbers and talent, to any which have previously sought the suffrages of the Sydney public. The re-engagement of Mr. and Mrs. Stark for fourteen nights will be hailed with gratification by their admirers, whose name is "legion." HAMLET is the opening play, in which Mr. Stark will appear as the "Danish Prince," Mrs. Stark as the "Queen," and Mrs. Guerin as "Ophelia." For Tuesday night DAMON AND PITHIAS is announced: "Damon," Mr. Stark, and "Pythias," (not as originally cast - Mr. Willis) Mr. Warde. Owing to some unpleasant occurrence of last season between the "loving ones," but for which the amende honorable was freely and fully made by the gentleman to whom the greater share of culpability attaches, we have been informed that Mr. Stark peremptorily declined Mr. Willis' proffered embraces on the boards. The difficulty has consequently been arranged, by the part of "Pythias" being transferred to Mr. Warde; Mr. Willis appearing as "Plumper" in the farce of COOL AS A CUCUMBER. If we may be so impertinent as to volunteer the expression of a hope, it is that the unpleasant and unprofessional fracas from whence some bitterness of feeling still apparently smoulders in the breast of one at least of the gentlemen concerned, will be from henceforth buried, in oblivion. An erroneous opinion hastily expressed, speedily regretted, and honestly retracted is, or ought to be, sufficient to heal the original sore by the first intention. May we as amicus curiae suggest a "shake hands" over a bottle of Torning's best, and be there to drain a bumper to the success of the season about to commence.

ASSOCIATIONS: James and Sarah Stark (actors)

"THEATRICALS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (1 October 1853), 3 

The performances at the Victoria this week have been unusually attractive . . . On Tuesday the drama of Gilderoy was announced, but owing to the severe indisposition of Mr. Willis, the farce of Go-to-bed-Tom was substituted in its place. Madame Stebenger [sic] made her first appearance before a Sydney audience as a Danseuse, and was warmly greeted . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Therese Strebinger (dancer)

"DIED", Empire (3 October 1853), 2 

At his residence, Clarence-street, yesterday morning, after a short illness, Mr. Thomas Willis (late of the Royal Victoria Theatre), in the twenty-sixth year of his age.

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1853), 5 

The friends of the late Mr. Thomas Charles Willis, late of the Royal Victoria Theatre, are respectfully requested to attend his funeral: the procession to move from his late residence, Clarence-street, to-morrow, Tuesday, at 3 o'clock precisely.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1854), 4 

THIS EVENING, MARCH 9. For the Benefit of Mrs. WILLIS, the widow of the late Mr. Thomas Willis . . .

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (6 October 1909), 3 

. . . Mr. James Stark, with his wife, Mrs. Hudson Kirby that was, came to Sydney in June, 1853; and opened at the Victoria Theatre in "Hamlet." That was on June 14, and it is written that they scored an immediate success. The "d----d Britishers" received Mrs. Stark graciously, notwithstanding her insulting attitude towards the unfortunate Nesbitt. Amongst the company engaged by Mr. Gordon Griffiths to support the Starks, was a native of Sydney, Mr. Thomas Willis, spoken of as a juvenile actor of great ability. He had been a pupil of Nesbitt, and had a strong affection for the man. He had heard of the treatment meted out to Nesbit in San Francisco, and had, rightly or wrongly, concluded that James Stark had something to do with the savagery hurled at the Sydney actor. Believing as he did, Willis, before the assembled company on the stage of the Victoria, assailed Stark and gave him more than a bit of his mind. It was only by the intervention of some friends that Willis was prevented from assaulting the American actor. The weaker man had to go to the wall, and Willis left the company. The squabble reached the public ear, and the Starks are said to have suffered thereby. The Starks expressed deep regret at the treatment Nesbitt had received and were grieved at his death, and they solemnly declared that they had neither hand nor part in the Californian incident, which is, to say the least, strange, and Nesbitt distinctly charged Mrs. Stark with having been "insulted by the d----d Britishers." As there were but two Britishers, Hambledon [sic] and Nesbitt, Mrs. Stark's disclaimer was taken doubtfully. Anyhow, Nesbitt was dead, and could not contradict the lady. Young Willis did not live long after his friend. A few months after his vindication of Nesbitt he died, and those who knew him tell me that the stage lost a very promising actor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist)

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (2 July 1911), 12 

. . . In 1853 Mr. and Mrs. James Stark came to Sydney, under engagement to Mr. John Gordon Griffiths. Amongst the company engaged to support the stars was a young Sydney native, Thomas Willis, who is spoken of as a Juvenile actor of great ability. He had been, in fact, a pupil of Nesbitt, and profited by his master's tuition. Willis had a great affection for Nesbitt. The latter had gone to California in the early exodus of 1849, and was more or less successful . . . Young Willis had heard how his friend Nesbitt had been treated in San Francisco, and, believing that the Starks had instigated the opposition in 'Frisco to Nesbitt, savagely assailed Mr. Stark on the stage, in the presence of the company . . . For this grave offence, Willis had to leave the company . . . Willis did not long survive his friend Nesbitt. He died a few months after his vindication of his friend, Nesbitt McCron . . .

Other sources:

The daughter of St. Mark, a grand opera seria, in three acts, first performed at the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, on Monday, May 31, 1852, the music composed by W. M. Balfe, the libretto by Alfred Bunn (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, 1852) (DIGITISED)

. . . Lusignano (King of Cyprus) - MADAME SARA FLOWER.
Andrea Cornaro (a Patrician of Venice) - MR. F. HOWSON.
Moncenigo (one of the Council of Ten) - MR. ROGERS.
Adolphe de Courcy (a French Knight) - MR. J. HOWSON.
Strozzi (Officer of the Guard) - MR. WILLIS.
Mariano (Page to the King) - MISS A. HART.
Principal Herald - MR. TURNER.
Catarina Cornaro (niece to Andrea) - MRS. GUERIN . . .

WILLMORE, Henrietta = Henrietta MALLALIEU (Madame MALLALIEU; Mrs. Walter Graham WILLMORE)

Musician, pianist, organist, women's suffrage activist

WILSON, Mr. (Mr. WILSON; initials variously given F. WILSON; I. H. P. WILSON; H. P. WILSON; G. WILSON)

Musician, violinist, leader of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Although several different sets of initials are reported, it is reasonable to assume that this was one musician. The initial "F." transcribed by the typesetter from Lhotsky's no doubt handwritten communication of April 1833, as likewise the "G." from Wilson's signature to the letter of October 1834 are perhaps more likely to be suspect than the other two: "I. H. P." (or "J. H. P.") and "H. P." Nevertheless, it has not be possible, yet, to identify him more closely.

In the absence of any other firm evidence, it should perhaps be considered that this Wilson was the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1840s, and/or the vocalist and violoncellist Mr. Wilson active in Melbourne and Geelong from 1848, and/or the musician John Wilson who died in Sydney in August 1852, reportedly aged 43.


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY IN SYDNEY. To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 April 1833), 3

Sir, As Sciences and Arts are so closely connected, I feel much pleasure in acquainting the public, through your respected journal, that a society of the above description has been formed in our town. A locale has been hired, and the preparations have advanced so far, that in a month or six weeks friends may be admitted to witness the proceedings of the society. We must apologise, when, in the hurry of other occupations, we might pass over names, more or less connected with the society; but when we find that Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, Cavendish, F. Wilson, &c. are connected with the institution of the Philharmonic Society, we congratulate the lovers of musical science upon this opportunity to improve the minds of our fellow citizens.
Dr. J. L. [John Lhotsky]

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lhotsky (musical amateur); John Edwards (musician); George Sippe (musician); William Joseph Cavendish (musician); Philharmonic Society (Sydney 1830s)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 3 

[ADVERTISEMENT.] TO EDWARD SMITH HALL, ESQ. SIR, - In your Sydney Monitor of this day, the 19 April, I find an ATTACK on myself, under the head THEATRE. Whether the production be your's, or the falsehood of a galled Correspondent, I cannot say - but it is from you I have to expect, and the Public also will expect, some explanation as to the truth of BENEFITS.
The whole of the Performers were told, before they engaged with me, that no Benefits would be allowed; and they one and all agreed to the same. For the truth of this, I refer you to those Gentlemen who will tell the truth - Messrs. Cavendish, Sippe, Edwards, and Wilson; all of whom were, by their talents, justly entitled to Benefits (if I had promised any.)
I must say, that it is a mean way of attacking me in the manner I have been, and speaks but very little of the veracity of those who have put forth that they expected Benefits, when they knew to the contrary.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
April 9, 1834.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Smith Hall (editor of The Monitor); Barnett Levey (theatre proprietor); Theatre Royal (Sydney venue)

"FROM A CORRESPONDENT", The Sydney Monitor (23 April 1834), 3 

You will perceive in this morning's Herald, a letter addressed to you from Mr. B. Levey, relative to the late theatrical fallings out. You will observe, also, that therein an imputation cast upon the veracity of those performers who have seceded from the Theatre. I have again to assure you, Sir, that the actors and actresses were led to expect Benefits. though holding no vouchers for the same, and therefore Mr. Levey's assertions I unhesitatingly pronounce substantively false. Mr. Levey alludes to Messrs, Cavendish, Sippe, Edwards, and Wilson, being entitled to benefits. None of these gentlemen could be so entitled, except it might be Mr. Cavendish, he having held the office of Stage Manager for a few months. Who ever heard of the members of an Orchestra having Benefits?

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 August 1834), 3 

MRS. BIRD respectfully announces her intention to hold
"A CONCERT" at the Pulteney Hotel, on Tuesday evening next, the 19th instant,
upon which occasion will be combined the assistance of the Principal Professors and Amateurs of Music in Sydney.
Also, by the kind permission of COLONEL DESPARD, the Band of the 17th Regiment.
Conductor - Mr. Lewis. Leader - Mr. Wilson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isabella Tempest Bird (vocalist); Thomas Lewis (master of the 17th band); Band of the 17th Regiment (military)

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2

Mrs. Bird's concert at the Pulteney Hotel, on Tuesday evening, was very respectably attended, and afforded universal satisfaction to the audience . . . A Quintette for two violins, tenor, flute, and violincello, by Messrs. Wilson, Sippe, Josephson, Lewis, and another performer whose name we have not heard, was received with much applause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joshua Frey Josephson (musician)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 October 1834), 2 

Messrs. Wilson and Sippe, leader and conductor of the Orchestra, take their benefit on Monday week. From the talents of these gentlemen the manner in which they have deported themselves during the season, and the very creditable way they have performed their duty, considering the really paltry assistance they receive from the establishment, we think them justly entitled to public favour. The sterling comedy of the Poor Gentleman, with he laughable farce of the Irish Tutor have been selected. These of themselves will prove a considerable attraction.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1834), 1

THEATRE ROYAL, SYDNEY. (For this Night only.)
ON which occasion will he produced the favourite and interesting Russian Drama . . .
THE FATAL SNOW STORM, in which will be introduced some new and appropriate Music by Mr. Sippe . . .
After which will be presented, for the first and only time on this Stage, and got up expressly for this occasion, an entire new Comic PANTOMINE [sic], CALLED
THE DEMON! OR, THE MAGIC ROSE. The Music by Messrs. Sippe and Wilson;
the new Scenery by Mr. Winstanley and Son; the Machinery, Tricks, and Changes, by Mr. B. A. PHILLIP'S . . .
The Characters will be supported by the whole of the Company, and during the Pantomine
Some favourite SONGS will be sung by Mrs. TAYLOR . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Barnet Aaron Phillips (c. 1792-1862; machinist, cabinetmaker)

[Advertisement], The Australian (31 October 1834), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY . . .
WE, the undersigned, are willing to perform, gratuitously, on any extra Night, which the Managers may think proper to appoint for the Benefit of Mr. Lane.
. . . G. WILSON; G. SIPPE . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (11 December 1834), 3 

TUESDAY EVENING, 16th December, 1834, under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
PART I. 1. - Overture to Gustavus, full Orchestra - Auber . . .
6. - Quintette, two Violins, Flute, Tenor, & Violincello, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Josephson, Hay and Lewis - Romberg . . .
11. - Overture to Bayerdere - Auber.
PART II. 1. - Overture, Fra Diavolo - Auber . . .
11. - Overture, "Guillaume Tell" - Rossini.
FINALE, "God save the King" . . .

"THE SYDNEY THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (29 December 1834), 1 supplement 

. . . The Theatre opened, we understand, on Friday night last, without scarcely a brush having been put to one of the old worn-out scenes - no addition to the tattered theatrical wardrobe - the boxes, stage, and, in fact, the whole of the theatre in the same filthy condition as when the place closed - the Orchestra, too, exhibited a similar batch of musicians as the celebrated band of "Bombastes," and the greatest disorder prevailed behind the scenes. Mr. Simmons, in his closing address, informed the Public, that Mr. Levey had gone to Hobart Town "to cull from the theatrical garden there, the choicest flowers." Where are those flowers? - From what we hear of the performances on Friday night, we are at a loss to know what the Proprietors have been about for the last two months. There appears to have been no preparation made for the opening of the season. Not a piece even in rehearsal until within the last few days, when the performers nave a host of them put into their hands to swallow with the despatch of a steam-engine; the consequence of which will be that the same "humbug," but to a greater extent, will reign this season as the last. What have become, too, of the best musicians - Messrs. Cavendish, Lewis, Sippi, Wilson, Edwards, and others - and what has driven them from the Theatre? We likewise hear that the most notorious characters are still admitted, and the most filthy language tolerated in the theatre, to the entire exclusion of respectable families who might otherwise attend. We are not unfriendly to the Drama, but the present system tends to the thorough demoralization of the community, and for this reason we are obliged to lay open these imperfections before the Public. Let the Proprietors, if they wish to retain their license, see to these grievances; they must not consider that the theatre is allowed them for their sole aggrandizement. If they continue, it will become the duty of the Public to get up a theatre after the manner of the Hobart Town people, and by exercising liberality, ensure a reputable place of rational amusement for themselves; the thing must be re-modelled, or the Government must suppress the indulgence now conferred.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Simmons (actor, vocalist, manager)

"THEATRE", The Australian (9 January 1835), 3 

On Wednesday evening, the drama of Clari was presented to a tolerably numerous and highly respectable audience. The part of Clari was ably sustained by Miss Winstanly, who, by the bye, bids fair to be an actress of no little celebrity. Mr. Knowles performed Albert, the father of Clari, with his usual ability; Mr. K. we thought, painted (if not the character, certainly himself) rather too deeply. The other characters were tolerably got through. The Review, or the Wags of Windsor followed; Mr. Simmons' Looney McTwolter, Mr. Winter's Lump, and Mr. Meredith's Caleb Quotem were well performed. Messrs. Wilson and Sippe took their usual place in the orchestra.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Winstanley (actor); Conrad Knowles (actor); John Meredith (actor)

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 January 1835), 2 

. . . Messrs. Wilson and Sippe have been engaged, and the audience were favoured with a few of the old standards. If the proprietors cannot procure musicians, they can purchase a few music books? The house was rather thinly attended.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 January 1835), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY . . .
Leader, Mr. Wilson; Conductor, Mr. Sippe, who are re-engaged . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 April 1835), 3 

WE are requested to state that the Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performers to
Mr. STUBBS' CONCERT, are as follows, viz.: -
Instrumental Performers, MR. WILSON, (Leader), MR. LEWIS, Master 17th Band,
MR. COLEMAN, Master 4th Band, MR. SIPPE, MR. CAVENDISH, MR. JOSEPHSON, MR. STUBBS, &c., &c., &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (musician); George Coleman (master of the 4th band); Band of the 4th Regiment (military)

"MR. STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2


Mr. Stubbs' Concert was performed on Tuesday night, before a numerous, respectable, and highly delighted audience of at least 300 persons . . . The Concert opened with the overture to Rossini's opera of "Il Barbiere di Seviglia," which was beautifully performed by almost excellent orchestra. Mr. Lewis's solo on the clarionette was a high treat, and gave the greatest satisfaction. We are indebted, too, to Messrs. Stubbs and Wilson for the pleasure their masterly style of playing afforded . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (musician)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1835), 2 

The theatre will re-open for the season on Saturday evening . . . From the orchestra, too, Sippe, Wilson, and Stubbs have retired - because, it is said, they could not obtain an increase of salary. Of this, however, we know nothing ; but it certainly is not very encouraging to open the theatre with a diminution in the strength and talent of the performers and musicians.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3

Sir, We the undersigned, beg leave to contradict a paragraph in your paper of Thursday last, stating that we seceded from the Theatre in consequence oi wanting an increase of salary. We beg to state in contradiction, that the following was the case, viz:- the late Proprietors allowed us the privilege of entering the house, when not required in the orchestra, and on the evening of Monday the 20th ult. we were refused admittance, by order of the present Proprietors. This was the only reason for our seceding from the Theatre.
I. H. P. WILSON. GEORGE SIPPE. Castlereagh Street, May 1, 1835.

"To the editor of . . .", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

In your paper of this day's date, you very correctly observed that the band of the theatre is incomplete. It is impossible to have a full band in this colony, but I have to notice many greater faults than those that you, and your contemporary point out. I am fully aware that the present band of the theatre costs more than a full band of first rate talent at any of the minor London theatres, who have treble the work, for they have to attend day rehearsals; which none do here, and I know from the best authority that each of the three gentlemen, viz. Messrs. Clarke, Spyer and Cavendish, get almost double the salary of any performer of that establishment; yet what musical treat do they afford us, or what talent do they evince. In former times, when any one had to sing, Mr. Sippe would arrange parts for four of five instruments, and well we remember with what tact Mr. Wilson led and accompanied; but now when Mrs. Taylor sings what do we have? a piano forte accompaniment solely; and no doubt those three gentlemen rank themselves as men of great musical talent and flatter themselves, they do justice to the public and their employers. The greatest improvement that ought or should took place, is, that all the songs should be accompanied by the band, and the director (Mr. Cavendish) should prepare the parts; and we do assure him, we do not like to see him sit like a boarding school young lady with a pianoforte copy before him and Messrs. Clarke, Spyers and the other little fry, sit gaping and gazing at the singers, as if they were of the audience. It is really disgraceful to see individuals who receive from the Treasury (so report says) £250 per annum each, do so little for it; and really if their services are worth that enormous and extravagant sum what must the services be worth of Mr. Simmons, Mrs. Taylor or Mr. Knowles, who are always before the public and perform more arduous duties in one night, than those three gentlemen in a month. I have long noticed this abuse, but out of pity to these gentlemen's feelings, I refrained from exposing it; but now the abuse is so glaring, that it cannot be passed over any longer. I wish you, Mr. Editor, to bear in mind that all the music which has been played lately, in the stock pieces, is from the pen of Mr. Sippe. Such, Sir, is the true state of the band of the theatre, and as the lessees are paying so truly liberally for the music, perhaps, these three gentlemen will take this gentle hint to improve their department. Your insertion will oblige all lovers of theatricals and music, and none more so than one that visits the dress boxes generally at

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Taylor (actor, vocalist); Lawrence Spyer (musician); Mr. Clarke (musician)

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (5 November 1835), 2 

An entertainment of a novel description is advertised by Mrs. Taylor, the actress, to be given on the 16th instant, at the Royal Hotel, on which occasion Messrs. Cavendish, Sippe, Stubbs, Clark, and Wilson, have volunteered their musical services. Particulars of the entertainment are to appear in a future Herald.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (29 February 1835), 2 

The public had the gratification of hearing Mr. Wallace at his second Concert, at the Royal Hotel on Friday evening . . . the vocalists were Mesdames Taylor and Chester; instrumental performers, - Messrs. Josephson, Sippe, and Wilson, assisted with the Band of the 28th Regiment. The Concert Room was filled with families of respectability.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marian Maria Chester (vocalist); Band of the 28th Regiment (military)

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (19 May 1836), 3 

Mr. Deane's Concert took place last night at the Royal Hotel. There were about four hundred persons present, and at eight o'clock the Concert commenced with the Overture to Tancredi, performed in fine style by Messrs. Deanes, Cavendish, Wilson, Sippe, Stubbs, and the Bass of the excellent Band of the 4th Regiment, under the superintendence of Mr.------- [Coleman], who gratuitously exerted himself, as did all the performers for Mr. Deane's benefit . . . A Septette performed by Mr. Deane, Miss Deane, Masters J. and E. Deane, Messrs. Cavendish, Stubbs, and Wilson followed, and was a real musical treat, embracing almost the entire talent of Sydney . . . The second part commenced by the overture "La Villanetta Rapita" by the full orchestra, which was remarkably well played . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician); Rosalie Deane (pianist); John Deane (violin); Edward Smith Deane (? viola or cello)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 June 1836), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY . . .
the Theatre will RE-OPEN for the ensuing season, on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, June 6th, 1836 . . .
Leader of the Orchester [sic] - Mr. Wilson; Director and Composer of the Music, Mr. Sippe . . .
C. KNOWLES, Manager.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (11 July 1836), 3

The very unfavourable state of the weather on Wednesday last, was the means of preventing many families from attending the Concert - not more than 100 persons composed the audience. Notwithstanding these discouraging circumstances, the performances generally went off with spirit and approbation. We never heard any overtures played better (in the Colony) than the Caliph of Bagdad, and Italiano in Algeri . . . The quintette by Messrs. Wilson, Stubbs, Deane, and two Master Deanes, was very well performed, but too lengthy . . .

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

SIR - I respectfully beg that you will in your journal contradict - "That I have leased the Theatre to any one." But that, from the great sums I have expended for its re opening, not only the scenery, dresses, and others; and, though last, not least, a considerable number of musicians; amongst the names of the gentlemen, are -
Mr. Dean (leader), his Three Sons, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Turner, Papping and Son (French horns), Johnson, White, Westrop, White, Bowles, and others whose names I have not taken note of.
And I trust, when I take charge of the Theatre, to conduct it with respectability, and make it convenient to a liberal public.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Thursday, 20th March, 1836.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Deane (musician); Stephen Turner (musician); Stephen and George Pappin (musicians); Mr. Johnson (musician); Zachariah Westrop (musician); Mr. Bowles (musician)

[News], The Australian (4 April 1837), 2 

Messrs. Sippe and Wilson, the conductor and the leader of the Orchestral Band at the Theatre, take their Benefit on Thursday next. The pieces to be performed are entitled the Chelsea and Greenwich Pensioner, and the Dog of Montargis. Mr. W. Wallace the Australian Paganini will perform a grand concerto on the violin, and the Orchestra will be supplied with the talent of Mr. Deane and Sons and the Band of the 4th or King's Own Regiment.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Vincent Wallace (violinist)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 April 1837), 2 

There are but three nights of the present season of the Sydney Theatre under the lesseeship of Mr. Wyatt, which will be disposed of in the following manner: This evening Messrs. Sippe and Wilson will take a joint benefit; the one being the composer and arranger, the other the leader of the orchestra. The great novelty of the evening will be the performance of Mr. Wallace, who will perform upon the violin the grand variations on NEL COR PIU, composed by Paganini . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Wyatt (proprietor)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1837), 2

Messrs. Sippe and Wilson, we are informed, are engaged to conduct the orchestra for the ensuing season at Mrs. Levy's "Theatre Royal." If this be true, it will be quite enough to damn the Theatre to all intents and purposes. After the able manner in which Mr. Deane and his talented family have conducted this department, the play-going public will never tolerate Messrs. Sippe and Wilson as their substitutes. A more injudicious arrangement could not have been devised.

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Emma Levy (proprietor, widow of Barnet Levey who had died on 2 October 1837)

"The Theatre Royal. To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 March 1838), 3

SIR, The notice you have taken of the Sydney Theatre has induced us to hope that you will allow us to draw the public attention, through the medium of your columns, to the manner in which we have been treated, by Mrs. Levy, on the dissolution of our connexion with that establishment. At the commencement of the present season we were engaged for a period not exceeding six months, to perform at the Sydney Theatre, under a penalty of twenty pounds each in case of any breach of agreement on our part. Mrs. Levy being bound to pay us the respective salaries agreed on, with benefits on nights selected at the commencement of the season; she also being bound in a similar penalty to each of us in case of any breach of agreement on her part. Under this agreement we have all of us acted up to the present time, and some of our number, thinking ourselves bound in honour, as well as legally to fulfil our engagements to Mrs. Levy, have refused highly favourable offers made to induce us to join the company at the new theatre. On Saturday last, without even the ceremony of an hour's notice, we were turned adrift - by Mrs. Levy to shift for ourselves as we best could, and the only satisfaction offered us, when some of our number spoke of enforcing the penalty Mrs. Levy had incurred by her breach of the agreement, was conveyed in the shape of an intimation from Mr. Josephson (stepfather to Mrs. Levy), that he would take a cottage in the Rules of the Debtors' Prison, to which Mrs. L. could remove and he would there maintain her. As we could not pretend to misunderstand a hint so palpable, we thought it useless to throw away more of our hard-earned money in a fruitless attempt to obtain justice, when it was but too evident that justice must be defeated.
We are, Sir,
Your very obedient servants,
[We have already devoted too much of our space to-day to "Things Theatrical" to admit of our making the observations we intended on the above letter, we will reserve them for another opportunity. - ED.]

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lazar (actor, vocalist); Mark Munyard (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (18 April 1838), 1 

MR. WILSON, late Leader of the Orchestra at the Theatre Royal, George-street, having a few leisure hours, would be happy to devote that time to a few Pupils who might wish to receive Lessons on the Violin. For terms and other particulars enquire at Mr. Thornton's, Upholsterer, Hart's Buildings, Pitt-street, any morning before ten o'clock.

"Victoria Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 October 1838), 2

The arrangements for the commencement of the ensuing campaign at the Victoria Theatre are, we understand, all but completed . . . In the orchestral department several important changes have taken place. Peck is engaged as leader, and Wilson and Sippe added to the strength of the orchestra, while Dean and his talented boys are excluded. There is something in this arrangement that at present surpasses our comprehension, but time will doubtless unravel this inexplicable mystery. Till then we shall be silent on the subject.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (musician); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)


Musician, violinist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842-48, and see also above (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The possibility should perhaps be considered that this Wilson was the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1830s, and/or the vocalist and violoncellist Mr. Wilson active in Melbourne and Geelong from 1848, and/or the musician John Wilson who died in Sydney in August 1852, reportedly aged 43.

Wilson was first violin at George Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844, and since several others in the band there were theatrical orchestra players, he may well have been a member of the theatre orchestra too. He is almost certainly the Mr. Wilson who, with John Edwards, played first violin for Isaac Nathan's "Australian Philharmonic" concert that same month. Again, he is perhaps also the Wilson who with Jonah Daniell was reported at the Bachelors Ball at Windsor in June 1848.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

GRAND CONCERT . . . MR. DEANE begs to inform his friends and the public that . . . his Concert of vocal and instrumental music, on a very extensive scale, will take place at the
Royal Victoria Theatre, on Wednesday, September 14, 1842 . . .
INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS - Miss Deane, Mr. S. W. Wallace, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. J. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wilson, Mr. O'Flaherty,
and other gentlemen who have kindly offered their assistance.
Leader - Mr. Deane. Conductor - Mr. Leggatt.
By the kind permission of Colonel Baker and the Officers, the Band of the 80th regiment will attend.
PART I. Overture, "Gustavus the Third," Auber - Full Band . . .
PART II. Overture, Acteon," Auber - Full Band . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician); Rosalie Deane (pianist); Spencer Wellington Wallace (violin); Joseph Gautrot (violin); John Deane (violin); Edward Smith Deane (cello); Benjamin Portbury (musician); Humphrey Walton (musician); Henry Charles O'Flaherty (musician); Thomas Leggatt (musician); Band of the 80th Regiment (military)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

ON SATURDAY EVENING, June 15th, and the following week,
THE QUADRILLE BAND will play several Airs, Overtures, &c.
Pianist, Mr. Fillmore; Flute, Mr. Westrop; First Violin, Mr. Wilson; Second Violin, Mr. Dodd; violoncello Mr. Portbury . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin; Henry William Fillmore (pianist); Mr. Dodd (violinist)

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2 

THE FOURTH WEEKLY PHILHARMONIC CONCERT In this colony, will take place at
The whole under the management and direction of Mr. Nathan . . .
Leader, Mr. Edwards. First Violin, Mr. Wilson. Second Violins, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Guerin, &c. Principal Tenor, Mr. Walton . . .
Conductor, Mr. Nathan, who will preside at the Piano forte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (conductor); John Edwards (violin); James Guerin (violinist); Australian Philharmonic Concerts (series)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1845), 1

HANDEL'S ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH, With Mozart's additional accompaniments . . .
Mr. J. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. F. Deane [sic], Mr. O'Flaherty. Mr. Gearing,
Mr. Friedlander, Mr. Walter [Walton], Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, Mr. Westropp, assisted by numerous amateurs;
and, by permission of Colonel Jackson, THE SPLENDID BAND OF THE 99TH REGIMENT . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Johnson (conductor); John Gibbs (violin); Charles Muzio Deane (violin); Timothy Gearing (musician); William Friedlander (musician); George Strong (violin); Band of the 99th Regiment (military)

"WINDSOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 June 1848), 3

The news of this week is scarcely worth recording, except for the circumstance that some of our Bachelors gave a Ball at Coffey's Hotel last evening. Many casualties contributed to prevent a numerous assemblage of the elite of the district, but withal there was a goodly number, and everything passed off in a manner highly creditable to those engaged in it . . . The music was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums; in fact everything was conducted in such a way as to elicit expressions of satisfaction from every guest.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jonah Daniell (pianist)


Vocalist, theatre singer, actor

Active Melbourne and Geelong, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1842-43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Vocalist (1 or more), concert singer, theatre singer, actor, ? violoncellist

Active Melbourne and Geelong, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1848 to 1851; Sydney, NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The possibility should perhaps be considered this Wilson was the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1830s, and/or the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1840s, and/or the musician John Wilson who died in Sydney in August 1852, reportedly aged 43.

Documentation (1842-43):

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (2 October 1843), 3 

GEELONG THEATRE!!! MR. BUCKINGHAM RESPECTFULLY informs the Patrons of the Drama,
the first Performance will take place on Thursday, the 5th of October; when Mr. B. trusts the great expense of procuing a treat for his Geelong Friends will not be forgotten.
The evening's entertainments will commence with the nautical farce entitled the Middy Ashore; OR, A SPREE UPON LAND.
Lieutenant Morton, Mr. Alexander. The Middy Ashore, Mrs. Murray.
Tom Cringle, Mr Buckingham. Tonish (a Fop), Mr. Capper.
Limberback (a Lawyer), Mr. Wilson. Taphim, Mr. Grose.
Touchem, Mr. Green. Lady Broomback, Miss Horton. Amelia, Miss Warman.
The piece will conclude with a grand Finale.
AFTER WHICH A Musical Olio.
Solo - Margate Steamer, Mr. Wilson.
Solo - Good bye my love good bye, Mrs. Murray.
Glee - Never get married, Ladies pray! - Mrs. Murray, Miss Warman, Mr. Buckingham.
Solo - I never says nothing to nobody, Mr. Buckingham.
Comic Medley - Master Buckingham, a child only three years of age.
Solo - Some love to roam, Mrs. Murray.
Chorus - While each jovial evening passes, by all the company.
To conclude with by particular desire the much admired and favourite Farce of the Two Gregories; or, WHICH IS THE MAN . . . Grand Chorus . . .
A full Band has been engaged. Box tickets, Five Shillings.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Buckingham and son (actors, vocalists); Dinah Murray (actor, vocalist), Miss Warman (actor, vocalist)

Documentation (1848-52):

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (28 November 1848), 2 

On WEDNESDAY, November 29, 1848 . . .
Aria, "Cease thus to palpitate" - Mrs. Batters; SONG - MR. WILSON . . .
Leader of the Band - Mr. STAINSBY . . .
Stage Manager, MR. DEERING.

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Batters (vocalist, actor); Robert Stainsby (musician, leader); Henry Deering (actor, manager); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (28 October 1848), 3 

CONCERT. MR. WILSON BEGS to, intimate,
that assisted by some eminent performers, he will give a Concert on the evening of the
Thursday, the 2nd November, 1848, in the Melbourne Total Abstinence Hall, Russell-street,
under the immediate patronage of the MAYOR OF MELBOURNE,
when he solicits the support of his friends, and the inhabitants in general of Melbourne.
Full particular to appear in hand bills.

"CONCERT", The Argus (31 October 1848), 2 

On Thursday next a concert will be given in the Total Abstinence Hall, Russell-street, under the patronage of his Worship the Mayor, for the benefit of Mr. Wilson, a singer of some celebrity, who has assisted at most of the concerts lately given in Melbourne. A Miss Julia, recently from Edinburgh, will appear for the first time before an Australian audience, supported by Mr. Fitzgerald.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 December 1848), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL, GEELONG. Female Intrepidity Triumphant!
On FRIDAY, the 8th of December, 1848,
The Performances will commence with an Operatic Drama, entitled,
Count de Dorio, a Neapolitan Nobleman, Mr. Douglas.
Marquis Sapparino, a candidate for Georgini's hand, Mr. Evans.
Count Fernando, returned from the Wars, Mr. Willis.
Ladroni, Valet to the Marquis - Mr. Wilks.
Sancho, Valet to Count Fernando, Mr. Deering.
Jeremo - Mr. Hasker.
Giuseppe - Mr. Wilson.
Georgini, Daughter of Count Dorio, Mrs. Deering.
Babbia, her attendant - Mrs. Griffiths.
Rosa, a Florwer Girl - Mrs. Cameron.
The Female Brigands:
Allessandro Massaroni, Chief of the Band, Mrs. Deering.
Beppo Giacomo, his Lieutenant, Mrs. Griffiths.
Bartelo Francesco - Mrs. Lucas.
Jeronymo Salvator - Mrs. Evans.
In the course of the Piece the following Songs, Choruses, Dances, &c.: -
Opening Chorus, "Victoria," by the whole of the Company.
Song, "It is not on the Battle Field," Mr. Wilson.
Chorus, "Tune the Lay," - by the Company.
Finale to the 1st Act, " March, March," Mesdames Deering, Griffith, Cameron, Evans and Lucas.
Chorus, "'Tis true for a time we are Rovers," Mesdames Cameron, Evans, Deering, Lucas, and Griffiths.
Song, "Soldier's Tear," - Mr. Wilson.
Chorus, "When Bells are Ringing," by the Company.
Neapolitan Tarantella, - Mrs. Deering and the Ladies.
Finale, "All Honour and Glory," by the Company.
SONG - Mr. WILSON . . .

MUSIC: It is not on the battlefield that I would wish to die (song, words only); The soldier's tear (Alexander Lee)

"THEATRE ROYAL", Geelong Advertiser (28 December 1848), 2 

The pantomime was played on Tuesday (Regatta) night, for the first time, to a house filled almost to suffocation . . . Two or three songs followed after the pantomime, and the evening's entertainments concluded with "The Pedlar's Acre." We have just one word with Mr. Wilson: he is a beautiful ballad singer, and his songs are always encored - most deservedly so too. His voice has a melody, and his expression a depth, that goes to the hearts of his hearers; but why will he persist in perpetually thrusting forth his hand, as if he were singing the "Steam Arm," and trying to suit the action to the words or as if, ever and anon, attempting to shake hands with somebody or everybody in the pit. The beauty of some of his best ballads, "Jessy of the Dale," and "Alice Gray," for instance, are almost marred by the awkward, ungraceful movements of his arms. This hint, should, we think, be sufficient for him to understand.

MUSIC: Sweet Jessie o'the dell (M. S. Wilson); Alice Gray (Millard)

"WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (27 August 1851), 2 

The following is the programme of the Concert to take place at the Mechanics' Institution, to-morrow evening:
"Overture to Guy Mannering" (By desire).
Glee - "Hark! Apollo strikes the lyre," Mrs. Testar, &c.
Song - "Queen of my soul," Mr. Wilson.
Piano Forte - "2nd Fantasia L' Elisir D'Amore" - Mr. Hemy.
Ballad - 'Truth in Absence" - Mrs. Testar.
Duet - "Love in thine Eyes" (two voices).
Buffo Song - "The Wonderful Tongue" - Mr. Cooze.
"The Echo Polkas" (Band).
Glee - "As it fell upon a Day" - Mrs. Testar, &c.
Song - "Where the dewy twilight lingers," Mr. Wilson.
Scena - "All, all is Lost" - Mr. Hemy.
Song - "The Mermaid's Song" - Mrs. Testar.
Buffo Glee - "The Alderman's Thumb" (three voices).
"God Save the Queen" (Band).

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (vocalist); Henry Frederick Hemy (pianist, vocalist, composer); William Joseph Cooze (vocalist, flautist); Thursday concerts (series); Mechanics' Institution (Melbourne venue)

MUSIC: Queen of my soul (Wollaston); Where the dewy twilight lingers (words only);

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (4 September 1851), 2 

The following is the programme for this evening -
"Overture to Tancredi" (Band)
Glee, "Hark! the Curfews solemn sound," (three voices.)
Song, "The Lass O'Gowrie," Mr. Wilson.
Scena, "Silence o'er all was reigning" (Lucia di Lammermoor) - Mrs. Testar.
Duet, Violin, and Piano-forte, Mr. Pietzker and Mr. Hemy.
Ballad, "Sally, Sally," Mr. Wheeler.
Song, "Jolly Nose," A Gentleman Amateur.
"The Festival Quadrilles," (Band.)
"Overture to Figaro," (Band.)
Round, "Hark! 'tis the Indian Drum," Mrs. Testar, &c.
Song, "I'm King of the Forest Glade," Mr. Hemy.
Cornet a'Piston, English Airs, Mr. Wheeler.
Song, "I'm a merry Zingara," Mrs. Testar.
Song, "Jessie of the Dale" - Mr. Wilson.
Buffo Song, "Skying a Copper," Mr. Cooze.
"God Save the Queen," - (Band) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Pietzker (piano); Stephen Thomas Wheeler (cornet, vocalist)

MUSIC: The lass o'Gowrie (song, tune on preceding pages)

? [Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1851), 4 

Thursday Weekly Subscription Concerts,
Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performers.
Mrs. Testar, Soprano
An Amateur, Alto and Violoncellist
Mr. Megson, First violin
Mr. Wheeler, Basso and Cornotto
Mr. Hemy, Pianist and Violinist
Mr. Wilson, Violoncellist
Amateurs, Violini, &. &.
Chorus &. &. by the Members of the Music Class.
Conductor - Mr. T. Reed.
Leader - Mr. Megson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Reed (conductor); Joseph Megson (leeader); Mechanics' Institution music class (group)

? "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (12 February 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING, Thursday, February 11, 1852, will be presented the successful opera of the ENCHANTRESS. Duke D'Aquila, Mr. Rogers; Galeas, 1st Minister, Mr. Saville; Chief of the Senate, Mr. Belfield; Seneschal, Mr. Wilson; Don Sylvio, Mr. J. Howson; Ramir, Mr. F. Howson; Stella, the Enchantress, Miss Sara Flower . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Herbert Rogers (actor, vocalist); Francis Belfield (actor); John Howson (actor, vocalist); Frank Howson (actor, vocalist); Sara Flower (actor, vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

NOTE: Wilson, notably, was not listed in any other productions at the Sydney theatre; however, he was again billed as the Seneschal for subsequent performances of The enchantress, on 1 April, 5 April, 11 May, and for a last time, perhaps in error (simply repeating the cast of 11 May), on 26 October (the musician John Wilson had died on 28 August).


Musician, composer

Active NSW, 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1861), 14

MOSS, 5, Hunter-street. - Just published, "The Australian Volunteers' Galop," by Miss E. C. Wilson. Price 2s. 6d.

[Advertisement], Goulburn Herald (7 September 1861), 3 

Just Published, BY Mr. L. MOSS, 5, Hunter-street, Sydney, and sold by all Music-sellers,
and the GOCUP POLKA MAZURKA, 2s. 6d; per post, 2s. 8d.
Composer, Miss E. C. WILSON.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Moss (musicseller, publisher); Gocup (southern NSW township)

Musical works:

The Australian volunteer galop, composed and dedicated to the volunteers of Australia by Miss E. C. Wilson (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [1861]) (DIGITISED)

The Gocup polka mazurka, composed and dedicated to Mrs. Archer Broughton by Miss E. C. Wilson (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [1861]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Isabelle Bingham (c. 1827-1899; Mrs. John Archer Broughton) lived at Gocup, near Tumut, NSW, in 1861

WILSON, Edward (Edward WILSON)

Journalist, newspaper editor, theatrical and musical reviewer

Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4

. . . At this time Mr. King was managing the theatre, and the company had been reinforced by the accession of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young who danced "the true Bohemian polka" by way of interlude, between the first and second pieces, and Edward Wilson's pen is clearly traceable in a critique welcoming them back to Melbourne as quite a refreshing change, after having been "dosed with the Chambers family." Male dancers you know are apt to become wearisome after they have been hopping about upon the same stage for several years in succession . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Smith (memoirist); Morton King (actor, manager); Charles and Jane Young (dancers, actors); for the original article, see "THE THEATRE", The Argus (11 May 1849), 2 

WILSON, Frederick Sydney (Frederick Sydney WILSON; F. S. WILSON)

Amateur musician, guitarist, author, songwriter, poet, short-story writer, Anglican priest

Born Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1839; baptised, St. Philip's, Sydney, 23 February 1840; son of William WILSON and Elizabeth RICHARDSON
Married Caroline Jemima ROBINSON (1844-1917), St. Andrew's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 23 August 1865
Died Dubbo, NSW, 25 March 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (PAYWALL) (shareable link to this entry)


An amateur guitarist who played in public (for instance, in October 1863), Wilson was also editor of the Illustrated Sydney News and a prolific author whose poems and stories (notably the serialised Woonoona: an Australian tale of the city and the bush, 1865-66), appeared regularly in the press in the 1860s. On of this earliest songs was the contrafactum Stars of the heavens, set to English composer J. W. Cherry's tune Shells of the ocean.

Published settings of his lyrics were issued by two local composers, Charles William Harwood in Only of thee, love (1864), and Charles William Rayner in The Australian stockman's song and There's no such word as fail (both 1868)


"STARS OF THE HEAVENS. AIR - SHELLS OF THE OCEAN", Empire (24 March 1860), 5 

The stars had lit their peaceful fires,
And smiled upon the earth below;
The gentle zephyrs tuned their lyres,
And breathed in murmurs, whispering low,
Their seraph music softly fell;
Then upwards to the stars it rose,
As though some tale of love 'twould tell.
To lull the tremblers to repose . . . [1 more verse]
F. S. WILSON, Sydney, March, 1860.

MUSIC: Shells of the ocean (J. W. Cherry)

"VOLUNTEER SONG. BY F. S. WILSON", Empire (17 August 1860), 5 

Shall fair Australia tremble?
And shall her sunny shores
Fit home of Freedom? - pale beneath
The frown of foreign powers?
Say, shall we wear the shackles
Of the bondsman and the slave
And daunted, crouch beneath our foes
To fill a shameful grave?
Ne'er may such scorn-deserving tales
Our memories degrade.
Then, up! arouse ye, Volunteers!
To you we look for aid . . . [1 more verse]

"THERE'S NO SUCH WORD AS FAIL!", Empire (6 October 1860), 5 

THE brightest day may have a cloud,
Its golden tints to shade -
Fair as it seems, the sweetest flower
That earth can yield, will fade.
And so in life - it matters not
How fair the morning dawns,
'Tis clouded o'er - its loveliest rose
Is garnish'd still with thorns.
But o'er Life's shadows and its storms,
If still you would prevail,
Be this your watchword - this your cry -
"There's no such word as fail!" . . . [2 more verses]


The sun peers o'er the wooded ridge,
And through the forest dense,
Its golden edge from the mountain ledge
Looks down on the stock-yard fence!
Looks down,
Looks down on the stock-yard fence!
And dark creeks rush through the tangled brush
Where shuddering shadows throng,
Until they chime with the rude, rough rhyme
Of the wild goburra's* song!
Till they chime - Ha, ha!
Till they chime - Ha, ha!
With the wild goburra's song! . . . [2 more verses]
* "Goburra" is the aboriginal, and certainly more euphonious name of the bird commonly known as the "laughing jackass."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1863), 1

at the MASONIC HALL, on THURSDAY, the 22nd instant,
for which occasion Mesdames E. BUSHELLE and FLORA HARRIS have been engaged,
and the following gentlemen have generously given their services: -
Mr. J. WALLER (Amateur)
Mr. RICHARDSON (Amateur)
Mr. F. S. WILSON (Amateur)
and a powerful Chorus, composed of Ladies and Gentlemen from the Philharmonic and other Societies.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Gipsy Chorus - (Preciosa) - Weber
Solo Guitar - "The Spanish Retreat", Weber - Mr. F. S. WILSON, Amateur . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Wallace Bushelle (vocalist); Flora Harris (vocalist); Cesare Cutolo (piano); James Waller (vocalist); Thomas Banks (vocalist); John James Mallcott Richardson (flute); James Edward Kitts (vocalist); Frank Trevor (vocalist); Sebastian Hodge (clarinet); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"CELEBRATION OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1864), 5

St. David's Day was last night celebrated by a soiree, held in the Congregational school-room, Pitt-street. The room was well-filled by an audience which comprised many Welsh residents of Sydney . . . The entertainment, if it may be so styled, was agreeably diversified with music and recitations. The choir sang "Rhyfelgyrch gwyr Harlech," in Welsh, being accompanied on the violin by Mr. J. Jones; that gentleman also played two or three beautiful selections, all of which were much admired. His exquisite rendering of a piece entitled "the Cuckoo," was rapturously applauded, and a solo on the guitar, performed by Mr. F. S. Wilson, was also warmly approved . . .

"ONLY OF THEE, LOVE!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (30 July 1864), 2 

We have to acknowledge receipt of a presentation copy of this exquisite little song, composed by G. W. Harwood [sic], Esq., R.A., the poetry by F. S. Wilson, Esq., and dedicated to the Pupils of Miss Lester's Seminary, Denham Court. It has already attained a second edition, and will, doubtless, speedily take rank, as it deserves, amongst the gems of Australian composition. The music is in the key of G., and the range easily attainable by voices of average compass. The poetry is sweetly pretty, and it is intended as a companion song to "Thinkest Thou of me."

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles William Harwood (composer)

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (1 August 1864), 4

We have received a copy of a new song, published by Messrs, Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., for the composer. The song is entitled "Only of thee, love" - the words by Mr. F. S. Wilson, and the music by Mr. C. W. Harwood, R.A. It is a companion song to " Thinkest thou of me," well and favourably known in the colonies. The words of the new song are real poetry, and not, like the majority of love songs published now-a-days, a collection of soft nothings strung together in jingling rhyme. - Mr. Harwood's music will not perhaps enchant the ear so ravishingly as some of the gems of Wallace or Balfe; but it is of a character that grows upon the taste, and the melody though not florid is well fitted to the words of the song. The harmony of the accompaniment is manifestly the work of a master of his profession. The modulations are somewhat eccentric but correct and graceful. The composition, which is in the key of G, takes the natural transition into D, and then into B minor, and from this into the major of five sharps. The music then gradually glides back into G through the various modulations, and the whole forms a composition that reminds one of some of the favourite but difficult songs of Mendelssohn. No doubt the song will become a great favourite, especially amongst educated musicians.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Hammond Elvy (publisher)

"New Song", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1868), 6

The composer of the "Ode to Prince Alfred" and "The Southern Cross," has just issued another composition to the public. Mr. C. W. Rayner who for some time has been studying the theory of music with Gassner, now produces a new song entitled "There's no such word as fail." The words, which are intended give expression to a sentiment of self-reliance under difficulties, are by Mr. F. S. Wilson, and the work is dedicated to the Hon. the Colonial Secretary. Mr. Rayner's efforts have resulted in a pleasing fluent melody, in which, though there are progressions and modulations simple in construction, there are a vigour and sparkle well calculated to produce effects suited to the poetic conception. The music is well written, harmonious, and rythmical. It is in B flat, common time, and written for a baritone of mezzo-soprano voice; indeed having an easy range, it is within the capabilities of almost any voice. Judging from the style of the song, however, it would seem just such a one as would be executed with greatest effect by those who, like the composer, have vocal powers elastic enough to intone with softness as well as energy. It must be gratifying to the patrons of music in the city to have this earnest that Mr. Rayner is not about to leave the colony, as was rumoured recently. It appears the only ground for the supposition was founded on a suggestion by some of his friends that he should take a few years' study of harmony with some of the great masters in Europe.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles William Rayner (composer); Henry Parkes (colonial secretary)

"THE AUSTRALIAN STOCKMAN'S SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1868), 4

We have received a copy of the above, the words by Mr. F. S. Wilson, the music by Mr. C. W. Rayner. The melody is suitable to the subject, which in the words is dealt, creditably with, albeit the Australian stockman is not a subject for much lyric display.

"Colonial Extracts", Quenbeyan Age (15 August 1868), 3

The Australian Stockman's Song is a bush lyric written by Mr. F. S. Wilson, and composed by Mr. C. W. Rayner. The pleasures of a bush life are made the means of introducing to characteristic music the somewhat unpoetic life of a stockman. When the composition is known, it will, no doubt, become a favourite both in town, and away in the bush, where many voices will make the wilds ring with the wild Goburra's Song.

"MR. J. C. FISHER'S NEW SONG", Illustrated Sydney News and New South Wales Agriculturalist and Grazier (13 April 1872), 3 

ON last Friday and Saturday the American Excelsior Minstrels, at the School of Arts, sang a new ballad, "Tiny Tim," which had been set to music by Mr. J. C. Fisher, expressly for Mr. H. Ackland's benefit. On both occasions it was very favourably received. The melody is peculiarly plaintive, and the chorus most harmoniously arranged. The words are from the pen of Mr. F. S. Wilson, and were written expressly for Punchinello, the children's Christmas number of Sydney Punch.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Churchill Fisher (composer)

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF ARCHDEACON WILSON", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (27 March 1901), 2

The district of Dubbo and the diocese of Bathurst have both received a shock of no ordinary character by the death of Ven. Archdeacon Wilson, who, whether as an ecclesiastic, a public man, a scholar or a courteous gentleman, has for years been a prominent figure in this part of the colony. Added to this is the fact that, as was known to most, he was a litterateur of considerable ability, especially in descriptive writing and possessed no small degree of artistic faculty, and was an ardent student of affairs. Beyond all he was a thoroughly practical exponent of the creed of kindness and charity that it was his duty to expound. His name stood in the town and district for helpfulness, benevolence and unselfish regard for the welfare of all who had need of help or guidance. He was a happy combination of the Christian pastor and the man of the world, one whose shrewd commonsense and business aptitude was to be relied on, yet one who was never happier than when extending the compassionate hand to the distressed or the unfortunate, to the stranger, the widow, and the poor. Although unfaltering in his devotion to the Church of which he was so distinguished an ornament, and of pronounced theological views, his catholicity extended far beyond his own denomination and he was ever ready to cooperate with other Churches in anything likely to advance their common Christianity. His labours had to extend over a parish of several hundred square miles, and for the greater part of his term he had to work his district unaided. Yet in his naturally busy life he was most assiduous in his visits to the public hospital, in the imparting of religious instruction to the children in the State schools, to say nothing of his private ministrations of comfort and charity.

Born in Sydney sixty years ago, the son of a well-known city engraver of that day, Mr. Wilson, at an early date engaged in business pursuits. From youth he showed much aptitude with pen and pencil, which he developed in after life and which have to no inconsiderable extent descended to some members at least of his family. He became for some time a journalist, and was for years editor of the Illustrated Sydney News, and other journals of more or less note in their day. He had, however, always much desire to enter into the life of a clergyman of the Church, and having qualified himself to that end and passed through Moore College, he was duly ordained by the late Bishop Marsden in Kelso Church, 27 years ago. He thereafter held several appointments in the diocese of Bathurst and while stationed at Grenfell received the appointment of Canon and Rural Dean. He was, in October 1881, transferred to Dubbo (on the removal of Rev. C. C. Dunstan to Orange) and since that time has been in residence in this town . . .

. . . In the many social societies - artistic, musical and other - that have flourished for a greater or less term in town he always greatly interested, and in several of them held high office . . . Archdeacon Wilson visited England in 1890. One marked feature of his character was his intense patriotism and devotion to the Empire. One of the members of the first corps of volunteers enrolled in the colony, he continued to the last to follow with undisguised interest the fortunes of our Empire-extension policy, and no keener student of, or enthusiast in the late stirring events in South Africa probably existed in the district . . . The venerable gentleman leaves a widow and five children - two sons and three daughters. Mrs. Wilson herself is the daughter of the late Mr. J. Robinson, a former well-known resident of the suburb of Balmain who was for some year Mayor of the Borough . . . The immediate cause of the Ven. Archdeacon's death was Bright's disease, from which he had suffered intensely, yet uncomplainingly, for 11 years. Of late, the disease had assumed a more acute form, and for weeks past Mr. Wilson had great difficulty in fulfilling his duties, but persevered with lion-like courage to the end. He only took to his bed the day before he died. The funeral will take place today (Wednesday) his Lordship the Bishop of Bathurst will read the service. The cortege will leave the Rectory at half past two o'clock sharp, and will proceed to Holy Trinity Church, thence to Dubbo cemetery. The Sunday School children will await the procession at the Church gates. No vehicles except the hearse and the Bishop's carriage will be allowed in the church grounds.

"Death", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (3 April 1901), 3

WILSON. - On Monday, 25th March, 1901, at his residence, The Rectory, Dubbo, FREDERICK SYDNEY WILSON, Archdeacon of Bourke, in his 61st year.

Musical settings:

Only of thee, love! companion son to "Thinkest thou of me, poetry by F. S. Wilson, composed by C. W. Harwood, R.A.M. to the pupils of Miss Lester's Seminary, Denham Court (Sydney: For the composer by Elvy & Co., [1864]) (DIGITISED)

The Australian stockman's song, written by F. S. Wilson, composed and respectfully dedicated to the squatters of Australia by C. W. Rayner (Sydney: By the composer, [1868]) (DIGITISED)

There's no such word as fail, song, words written by F. S. Wilson, music composed, and dedicated by permission, to the hon. Henry Parkes, M.L.A., Colonial Secretary by C. W. Rayner (Sydney: By the composer, [ ]) (DIGITISED)

Literary works and other sources:

Frederick Sydney Wilson, Australian songs and poems (Sydney: Gibbs, Shallard and Co., 1870) (DIGITISED)

Frederick Sydney Wilson papers, 1879-1889; State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 1211 

Literary works:

Frederick Sydney Wilson, AustLit (PAYWALL)

WILSON, Henry (Henry WILSON)


Active Moruya, NSW, 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



. . . Henry Wilson sworn: I am a musician, and live at Moruya, and sometimes at the Gulf, I played at a ball given at Moruya on the 27th May last, I saw the prisoner Sims on the following Saturday night between nine and twelve o'clock in the evening, at Mr. Flannigan's, at Shannon View, I was playing there . . .

William Sweeny sworn; I am a miner and live at Araluen . . . I remember the night Wilson, the previous witness, was playing at Shannon View in company with a Mr. Brown - it was the 30th of May . . .

Francis Von Wyschetzky sworn : I am a musician; I know Mr. Sims; I was at a ball on the 27th May at Moruya; I played there; I was at Shannon View on the Saturday following; I saw Mr. Sims there between eight and nine o'clock in the evening . . .


Musician, ? vocalist

Born c. 1809
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 August 1852, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The possibility should perhaps be considered that John Wilson was the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1830s, and/or the musician Mr. Wilson active in Sydney in the 1840s, and/or the vocalist and violoncellist Mr. Wilson active in Victoria from 1848.


"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1852), 3

On Saturday, the 28th of August, at the Wellington Inn, George-street South, John Wilson, musician.

THE friends of the late John Wilson, musician, are particularly requested to attend his funeral, This Day, the 30th instant, to move from Mr. Parkinson's, Wellington Inn, George-street South, at half past 3 o'clock.

"CORONER'S INQUESTS", Empire (1 September 1852), 2

An inquest was held yesterday at the Wellington inn, Parramatta-street, on view of the body of John Wilson then and there dead. Mary Parkinson, land-lady of the inn, stated that deceased was a musician, and had lodged at her inn during the last nine months. He had during the last fortnight complained of ill-health. On Saturday last he was worse than usual, and Dr. McLaughlin visited and prescribed for him. In five minutes after the doctor quitted the house he expired. Verdict "Death from natural causes."

Burials in the parish of St. Lawrence, Sydney, 1852; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAYWALL)

John Wilson / Parramatta Street / died 28 August 1852 / Apoplexy / buried 30 August / Age 43 years / undertaker Henry Thomas


Musician, professor of music

Active Ipswich, QLD, 1861-64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (2 July 1861), 2 


"WEEKLY EPITOME", The Courier (18 January 1862), 2

Mr. Wilson, an organist and professor of music at Ipswich, has been sentenced by the bench to one month's imprisonment, for an assault upon Mr. Chubb, solicitor, of that town. The fracas arose in the office of the latter gentleman. Whilst talking over some business matters, the parties came to high words, and Mr. Chubb ordered Wilson to leave the office, and upon the latter refusing to do so, proceeded to eject him. A struggle ensued, and Wilson knocked Chubb down. The position of Wilson, the circumstances under which the assault took place, and the heaviness of the sentence inflicted, have caused a strong feeling of commiseration to arise in Ipswich for the culprit, and a memorial, very numerously and respectably signed, has been transmitted to the Governor, praying him to exert his prerogative of mercy in Wilson's case.

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. MR. WILSON", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (10 July 1862), 3

SIR, - A paragraph appeared in a previous issue of your paper, stating that the complimentary concert, given me by the Choral Society, was a farewell benefit, that statement has given rise to a report that I am going away from this town.
I beg, therefore, that you will allow me to contradict such a report, and to intimate that I have no intention whatever of leaving Ipswich.
I am, Sir, Yours,
JOHN WILSON, Professor of Music.
Nicholas-street, 9th July, 1862.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ipswich Choral Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser [Ipswich, QLD] (13 September 1862), 3 

GREAT ATTRACTION! MR. FOANS (Late of Rainer's Serenaders)
On which occasion he will be assisted by Mr. G. SMITH, Conductor of Orchestra, and Mr. WILSON, Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Milton Foans (minstrel serenader); Gottfriedt Smith (musician)

"MUSICAL", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (18 October 1862), 2

Mr. John Wilson, Professor of Music, conductor to the late Choral Society, proposes to commence a class for instruction in Choral Music on Tuesday evening next, at the Church of England School-house. The class will meet weekly. Mr. Wilson's ability as an instructor, and the value of an acquaintance with Choral Music are so fully appreciated in Ipswich as to make comment from us superfluous.

"CONCERT", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (23 April 1863), 3

This evening Mr. John Wilson, the pianist and organist, will give a grand concert in the hall of the School of Arts, consisting of sacred and secular music which will be performed by lady and gentleman amateurs, well known and appreciated for their abilities. The first part will be selections from Handel's Messiah; the second will consist of solos, duets, and glees, with piano-forte accompaniments; also, selections from the opera of Maritana, and further a violin solo. "Di Pescatore," from the opera of "Lucrezia Borgia," by an amateur whose bow has so often evoked thrilling strains of harmony to the delight of crowded audiences. There can be no doubt but that those, with music in their souls, may pass a most enjoyable evening.

WILSON, John Thomas (John Thomas WILSON; Mr. J. T. WILSON; John Thomas Wilson SOAMES; ? alias of John ABBOTT)

Amateur vocalist, ? "musical swindler", ? guitarist, general dealer, auctioneer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-39 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


A successful Sydney business figure - ironmonger, property speculator, auctioneer - Wilson was a friend and business associate of William Joseph Cavendish, and notoriously "paramour" of actor-singer Maria Taylor.

He and Taylor were subjects of a satirical song, The family man ("John Thomas was a Shropshire man . . ."), published (and perhaps written) by John Dunmore Lang in The Colonist on 31 March 1836.

Having run up huge debts in Sydney, he "bolted" in October 1839, and, despite many rumours circulating in the Sydney press well into 1841, nothing certain is known of his movements thereafter. Though his other musical interests (real or merely metaphorical) can only be surmised, a late notice in The Australian (perhaps, though not certainly, of him), in March 1840, may suggest he sometimes accompanied Taylor on the guitar.


? "POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3

John Wilson, a swellish sort of a chap, was handed to the bar, having been found, during Church hours, practising some of Mr. Cavendish de Castell's last new steps, in King-street. On being called upon to account for such conduct, he tried to come Tom Shuffleton over the charley, with "ah my dear fellow, we men of the world do business this way, you understand, no hiding our talents under a bushel, but let them bask in the sun, what think ye of that, eh." The constable appeared to think very little on the subject, for he carried him forthwith to a place of safety. In defence, all he had to say, was, that he thought it cursed hard he could not have a little recreation, in a gentlemanly way, without being locked up. Three hours lounge as he was fundless.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Joseph Cavendish (musician, dancing master)

"AUSTRALIAN STEAM CONVEYANCE COMPANY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 April 1835), 2 

A general meeting of the shareholders in this useful institution was held at the Royal Hotel on Tuesday last; H. H. McArthur, Esq., M. C, in the chair.. . . About half past six o'clock, a party of between forty and fifty very respectable gentlemen - shareholders and their friends - sat down to dinner in the saloon . . . Altogether, the evening passed off in the greatest harmony. The band of the 17th regiment, which had been kindly permitted to attend by Colonel Despard, was stationed in the orchestra, and played a variety of delightful airs; and the pleasures of the entertainment were also increased by some excellent songs from Mr. Blanch, Mr. Levey, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Morgan, Mr. J. T. Wilson, Mr. G. Paul, Mr. Polack, &c. &c. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur (chair); James Blanch (amateur vocalist); Barnett Levey (amateur vocalist); George Paul (amateur vocalist)

John Thomas was a Shropshire man

"Original Poetry", The Colonist (31 March 1836), 7

THE FAMILY MAN, A NEW SONG. To be Sung at the next Concert, BY A MEMBER OF THE ARTILLERY CORPS. TUNE. - We'll run the risk for a' that.

JOHN THOMAS was a Shropshire man,
And eke a worthy nailer;
He had a stout-built portly frame,
And his flame she was a Taylor;
Who, though she tried to fasten John
In Hymen's pleasant noose,
Found to her cost; alas! that he
Was not a Taylor's goose.

She bound him with a silken cord,
And then a cord of cotton;
But silk and cotton; flax and tow,
Snapp'd as if each were rotten!
She took to pouting then and vow'd
She'd sooner die of hunger,
Than e'er be bound with bullock chains,
Or wed an Ironmonger!

"What is't you say? said he, as she
Stood bolt upon the boards;
You're tenfold happier than if kept
By half a dozen lords.
There's not a show-room in the place
Can be compar'd with mine;
There's not a woman on the town
Has such a lot as thine.

"Why, there's the Sydney Theatre,
Its owners wish to let it;
'Twould be the noblest spec of all,
If we could only get it.
We'd take it either by the week,
Or by the month or year;
And there's my good friend B . . . n,
Will back us out, my dear."

Said Parson H--- one day, as they
Were riding in their carriage,
"Why, you'll disgrace us all, friend John
If you don't make this a marriage.
The thing has got about the town
In fearful notoriety;
And, mind, we'll turn you out of each
Religious Society."

John Thomas blush'd and said " 'twas strange
How idle people CAVILL,
But he would tell him all the truth
And the whole case unravel.
He would have married long ago;
(He's of the marrying kidney:)
But when one has a wife at home,
He can't have one in Sydney."

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Taylor (actor, vocalist); Richard Hill (clergyman, d. 30 May 1836); Theatre Royal (Sydney venue)

"THE COLONIST", The Sydney Monitor (6 April 1836), 2

In the Colonist newspaper of Thursday last, there appeared a poetical squib on Mr. J. T. Wilson, commencing - "John Thomas was a Shropshire man," which alluded to some portions of Mr. W's conduct, and charged him with living in an immoral state. Mr. Wilson, accompanied by a friend, called at the Colonist Office on Thursday, and saw Mr. Bull, who was lying in his bed, very ill, and after asking him whether he would give up the author of the poetry, which he declined, left the house vowing he would have satisfaction. On Monday Mr. Bull was walking down George Street when Mr. Wilson laying hold of his collar, commenced horse-whipping him. Mr. Bull made no resistance, and when Mr. W. had inflicted about a dozen lashes, Mr. Windeyer, the second Police Magistrate, interfered, and gave Wilson into custody for a breach of the peace . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Windeyer (magistrate)

"POLICE OFFICE YESTERDAY. Bull v. Wilson", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 April 1836), 3

Mr. John Thomas Wilson appeared this morning to answer a charge of assault. It appeared that a jeu d'esprit commencing: "John Thomas was a Shropshire man, &c. &c. &c. having appeared in the "Colonist" newspaper of which Mr. Bull is Editor, the defendant observing Mr. B. pass the door sallied forth horse whip in band and laid about him right and left on Mr. B. who having but shortly risen from a sick bed was unable to defend himself.
Constable Moore deposed that seeing Mr. Wilson horsewhip a gentleman, he took him into custody by the order of Mr. Windeyer.
Charles Windeyer Esq., Second Police Magistrate, deposed that about 12 o'clock he was walking down George-street when he observed a gentleman pass him whom he considered to be Mr. Bull Editor of the "Colonist;" he saw defendant standing at his door; he Mr. W. turned down Market Street when he heard loud words and the sound of blows; on turning round he saw defendant horsewhipping plaintiff and he gave him in charge for a breach of the peace.
Mr. Wilson here remarked that he wished Mr. Windeyer had not interfered before he had had satisfaction.
Mr. Gisbourne ordered defendant to enter with sureties to keep the peace himself in £200 and two sureties in £100 each, which were given by Messrs. Andrews and Roberts.

See full report of the trial, "SUPREME COURT. WEDNESDAY JUNE 29. BULL v. WILSON", The Colonist (7 July 1836), 1

ASSOCIATIONS: One of the prosecution witnesses was William Kerr, a sub-editor of The Colonist

See also "SUPREME COURT. SATURDAY, JULY 9. BULL v. WILSON", The Colonist (14 July 1836), 4 

"THE THEATRE", The Colonist (4 August 1836), 6

We had occasion lately to allude to an outrage perpetrated on the Sydney Stage by that brazen-faced strumpet Mrs. Taylor, unparalleled we believe, in the annals of theatrical entertainments, whether we consider it in reference to the prostitution of the purposes for which theatricals are designed, or as an evidence of her utter callousness of feeling to every sense of shame. Our object in alluding to the matter at all, at the time we did, was simply this. In the course of an article which we inserted sometime since, having reference to the conduct of this very female with her paramour the notorious John Thomas Wilson, we designated the playgoers of Sydney, generally, as a set of "wretched creatures in the shape of ladies and gentlemen who frequent that sink of iniquity the Sydney Theatre." Our friend and brother of The Australian, who it seems is occasionally a playgoer himself, took this in high dudgeon, and accordingly favoured us with a few lectures on the subject. Our object, therefore, in alluding to the matter at all was to convince our fair brother that the audience who could tamely submit to such an indignity as the one referred to, was by no means undeserving such description.

But we have another and a more serious object in view in recurring to the matter now; we wish to call the attention of the public and of His Excellency the Governor to the conduct of the manager, who not only permitted, but sanctioned this gross dereliction of duty on the part of a performer, under his direction. We shall doubtless be told that it was not in the power of the manager, unless he had been previously aware of Mrs. T.'s intention, to have prevented the outrage. Perhaps not, but at all events, it was in his power to have made some reparation for the insult which had been offered to the public under his sanction, yet the curtain rose and fell again, and no apology was made or even thought of. But we have good grounds for supposing that the whole affair was premeditated and that it met with the sanction and approbation of the manager. Taking it for granted that he did not know previously of Mrs. T.'s intention, nay, even allowing that he was too much taken by suprise [sic] to allow of an apology at the time, to an insulted audience there has surely sufficient time elapsed since to allow his feelings to resume their wonted tone. Nay, supposing it even possible that the whole affair had passed over, not only without his concurrence, but even without his knowledge, the plea of ignorance could not possibly be any longer available after it had been published to the world; yet time has passed on and the Rev. Dr. Lang, whose name had so unwarrantably been dragged forward, and in such a manner, has been suffered, by the worthy manager, to leave the colony without any apology either public or private, having been offered to him, nay, even without an expression of regret for its occurrence.

Is it not more reasonable, then, for us to suppose that the whole was a preconcerted plan, and that it occurred not only with the sanction, but with the warm approbation of the manager? It is surely not unreasonable in us to suppose that a man who, for years past, has set every feeling of morality at defiance, living in open, unconcealed adultery with the wife of another, - there is surely nothing unreasonable in supposing that such a man should possess a fellow-feeling for the sufferings of the frail fair one whom he allowed to act in such a manner, and that he should participate in her feelings of rage against the man whom she supposed to be the cause of these sufferings.

But we have even more reasonable ground for supposing the insult premeditated, for it has come to our knowledge, that a gentleman belonging to our establishment who had previously, been allowed free admission to the theatre, was denied entrance on the very night on which this affair occurred, and on which The Hypocrite was played - by particular desire!!

It must be agreed, then, that we have at least very reasonable grounds to suppose that the manager of the theatre, on the occasion alluded to, was not only cognizant of Mrs. Taylor's intention to act as she did, but that it met with his entire approbation. Such being the case, we would beg respectfully to ask His Excellency the Governor, whether he can, with propriety, allow the license to remain in force, while the theatre is under the management of a man who could so far forget his duty to the public, as to sanction an outrage, such as, we believe, never before disgraced the annals of the drama.

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (3 July 1839), 4 

Music and Musical Instruments.
MR. J. T. WILSON ANNOUNCES to the Musical World that he has been honoured with instructions to offer them by Public Auction, at his Rooms,
George-street, on THURSDAY, the 4th day of July, at Twelve o'clock, the undermentioned
VALUABLE COLLECTION of Music and Instruments the property of a Professional Gentleman proceeding to England: -
Violins and Tenors
Strings and Bridges
Pegs and Tail Pieces.
A well selected stock of SCARCE MUSIC, consisting of -
Pianoforte Music.
Music of various Operas, viz.: -
Der Freischutz
Beggar's Opera
Figaro, &c., &c.
After which, to close Accounts,
Two Grand Pianofortes
One mahogany Cottage ditto
Two rosewood Cabinet ditto, and
Four Square Pianos, all by first-rate makers
The whole of the above may be viewed after one o'clock on Wednesday. Terms at Sale.

[Editorial] "Swindling on a Princely scale", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 October 1839), 2 

ON Saturday the good town of Sydney was thrown into a regular ferment in consequence of the discovery that Mr. JOHN THOMAS WILSON, the well-known auctioneer, had made a moon-light flitting on the previous evening, leaving his creditors in the lurch to the tune of some Forty or Fifty thousand pounds. A meeting of the creditors was convened at the Royal Hotel, yesterday, with the view of ascertaining the amount of the fugitive's assets and liabilities, and to consider what is to be done under the existing circumstances. The result of the proceedings has not yet transpired, but it is probable that before our paper goes to press we may be enabled to put our readers in possession of the resolutions adopted. A brief sketch of the swindler's history, so far as it has been made known to us, will, at the present juncture, convey a useful, and to such as have not suffered too deeply - an entertaining lesson.

Mr. JOHN THOMAS WILSON, the subject of this memoir, is a native of Birmingham, in which town his father followed the humble vocation of a journeyman nailmaker [sic]. His real name is JAMES ABBOTT, but of his birth, parentage and education we are very imperfectly informed. Being possessed of "A stout-built, portly frame," and a rather "insinivating" [sic] address, he succeeded at a very early period of his career in inducing a young lady, much his superior in rank and fortune, to elope with him from a boarding school, whither she had been sent to finish her education. The lady's friends were so exasperated at the marriage that they interdicted all communication between her and her family, and her father on his death-bed, to punish her for her disobedience, cut her off with a shilling. This it would seem was not what honest JOHN had calculated upon, for very shortly after his father-in-law's death he gave both his wife and his creditors the slip, carrying with him a goodly sum in cash - the proceeds of a deceased maiden lady's effects, with the sale of which he had been entrusted - having at this time followed the calling of an auctioneer in a country town in England. His wife was left without a farthing, and burdened with a helpless family of four or five children. From England he found his way to the United States, and after a few years practice in his vocation in Boston, under the name of JOHN THOMAS SOANES, he succeeded in fleecing the Yankees to a considerable amount. From Boston our hero proceeded to the Cape of Good Hope, where a quondam townsman on his way to this Colony recognized him figuring away under an assumed name. Whether it was that the Cape Colonists were too knowing for him, or that he considered that Cape Town did not offer a sufficiently extensive field for the exercise of his genius, we are not exactly aware, but it would seem that one or other was the fact from his shortly afterwards coming on to Hobart Town, where he landed under the assumed character of a merchant, bringing with him a goodly assortment of packing cases well packed - with stones. Under what cognomen our hero presented himself to the Hobartonians we have never been enabled to learn, nor are we aware how it happened that he did not succeed in laying our Southern neighbours under contribution; certain it is he did fail, however, for, some time prior to his departure from Van Dieman's Land, he was reduced to the necessity of keeping a tap in a road-side public-house.

After a sojourn of some six or seven months in Hobart Town our hero came to Sydney, and under the name of JOHN THOMAS WILSON entered the employ of Mr. LAUNCELOT IREDALE, a respectable ironmonger, in the capacity of shopman. Here, forgetting that
The man who has a wife at home
Should not have one in Sydney,
he had the audacity to pay his addresses to a member of his employer's family, but being fortunately detected in time he was dismissed from his situation and his lady-love together. His next appearance on the stage of action was in the capacity of clerk and shopman to Messrs. C. and F. WILSON, of George Street, and while there he entered upon the course of profligacy which has distinguished the whole of his subsequent career. Under the character of an honorable lover, he succeeded in obtaining admission to the bosom of a respectable tradesman's family where he won the affections of an amiable woman, whom he first ruined, and then deserted. While in the Messrs. WILSON'S employ, in company with a Mr. UTHER, he entered into an arrangement with Messrs. BURDEKIN & MACDONALD, and obtained possession of the extensive ironmongery establishment at the corner of George and Market-streets. In the course of a very short time, he managed to oust Mr. UTHER and got sole possession of the business.

At this period there was not, judging from appearances, a more flourishing man in the town of Sydney than Mr. JOHN THOMAS WILSON; his name stood prominent among the managers of joint stock companies; he was at the head of every religious, philanthropic, and literary institution in the town; he was the reputed owner of a splendid ironmongery business; his steamers plied on the Parramatta and the Hunter's Rivers; in short, if it had been asked who of all the Sydney speculators is acquiring the most rapid fortune? - the universal response would have been Mr. JOHN THOMAS WILSON. But he had now formed a connexion, not of a purely Platonic description, with a dashing actress whose name it is unnecessary to mention, and as she was not, any more than himself, of very economical habits, his money at this particular crisis was being scattered about with no niggardly hand. So regardless of public decency did he eventually become, that not contented with showing off on the streets, accompanied by his dashing Cyprian in a curricle and pair, he actually had the assurance to propose to purchase the lease of the Theatre Royal, and place it under the controul of his chère amie.

His effrontery now met with its reward. The Colonist, a journal of religion and politics, had some weeks before commenced a crusade against the system of concubinage which prevailed in the Colony, and JOHN THOMAS WILSON occupied too prominent a place in the eye of the public to escape the lash. It came and from that day JOHN
Nodded from on high, and totter'd to his fall.
For the particulars of this affair we must refer our readers to the file of The Colonist for 1836; it is sufficient for us to say that from the day he first came into collision with the press, JOHN THOMAS dated his downfall. Within an incredibly short time he fell from his palmy estate, and bolted from the Colony, leaving his creditors to whistle for their money. Even to the last, however, his inventive genius did not fail him; for he succeeded in bilking the waterman who put him on board the vessel, in which he sailed for England, after she was twenty miles at sea, out of twenty pounds of his stipulated fare. One party, alone, on this occasion, lost no less a sum than £36,000 by the unprincipled conduct of this out and out blackguard. Fortune frowned on our hero on his arrival in England, for the vessel in which he sailed having made an unusually long voyage, a bailiff was in attendance to receive him, and he was forthwith accommodated with lodgings in a prison. He had, however, previous to his departure from the Colony, contrived to entangle a gentleman with whom he had formerly been connected in business, in the meshes of the law, and to get rid of the ruinous expense that gentleman was compelled to instruct his friends at home to release him from jail on condition that he should return to the Colony.

Under these circumstances Mr. JOHN THOMAS WILSON made his second appearance in Sydney; and it is rather to be wondered at that those who had once been bit by him should a second time have ventured within his reach; yet so it was. On his second arrival, some eighteen months since, JOHN THOMAS commenced business as an auctioneer, Mr. POLACK, the wealthy knight of the hammer, resigning a portion of his extensive business in his favour, and becoming security for his intromissions during the first six months. Business flowed upon our hero from all quarters, and in the course of a very short time his credit was as high as if he never had defrauded any man of a single farthing. It might have been supposed that his past experience would have taught him to avoid now the fatal rock on which he had split before; but it was far otherwise. Very shortly after his arrival in the Colony he formed a connexion with a female named PEACOCK, the wife of a special convict at Port Macquarie. Of this woman it is unnecessary to say aught save that she was even more extravagant than her predecessor in JOHN THOMAS' affections, for she has also been "bilked" and left by her paramour without a farthing, although expecting shortly to become mother. So much for our hero's gallantry ! We have now brought our memoir down to a very recent period, and of the interval up to the time of his departure it is unnecessary to say more than that our hero was to all appearance in flourishing circumstances; business was pouring in upon him on all hands, and two of the steamers plying between Sydney and the Hunter again called him master. His preparations for a "bolt" seem to have extended over a considerable space of time, and it is really astonishing how he contrived, in such a community as this, to bring his plans to maturity without detection. Whether he contemplated making his escape sooner than he accomplished it we are unable to say, but it seems probable from the fact that his preparations were commenced nearly six months ago . . .

"JOHN THOMAS WILSON - BOLTED", The Colonist (23 October 1839), 2

. . . The deposits and proceeds of sales and purchases innumerable were converted into hard cash - all ready and snug on Friday afternoon. That evening John Thomas rode down to his own wharf as usual, to superintend the dispatch of the Sophia Jane; he was as gay and displayed as much zest for business as ever. When the steamer started, Jack proceeded with her down the harbour to see the Nereus off, as it were, on the first speculative trip on his account. The Sophia Jane ran alongside the Nereus which had been cleared out late in the afternoon, but with no Mr. J. T. Wilson down as passenger. Mr. W. left the steamer and went on board the brig, ostensibly to give his last instructions to the Captain, as was very natural for an owner to do. The steamer took the Nereus in tow, and proceeded outside the Heads until she gave the brig a good offing. Such was the address with whch Wilson behaved throughout this extraordinary exit of his, that none of the passengers on board the steamer ever suspected that he was going to bolt till the brig hove off the hawser and stood out to sea under a press of sail, with the renowned and matchless swindler John Thomas Wilson on board. It was thought that he was going to the Hunter to look after a a store of his that was robbed, and so he gave some parties to understand, but it was all to divert suspicion for a time. The vessel cleared out for New Zealand, and thither it is supposed, he will go; but thence it is thought Wilson will proceed with all dispatch to South America, where he will commence another career of unprincipled speculation and swindling. Some think he will not halt till he reaches the United States, where he will find an ample theatre on which to exercise his genius. All that we can say, however, is that he is now gone, and unless he is sent here, we do not expect that he will ever return . . .

"York! you're wanted!!", The Australian (26 October 1839), 2

There is now but little reason to doubt that the friend of the Colony, John Thomas Wilson, is gone to New Zealand, as it has been ascertained that he has an extensive establishment there, on the River Thames, to which he has recently shipped about fifty tons of goods.

"NEW SOUTH WALES . . . PORTRAIT OF JOHN THOMAS WILSON", Southern Australian [Adelaide, SA] (2 January 1840), 4

Mr. Barlow has gone to the expense of getting up a tolerable faithful picture of this notorious auctioneer, on a larger scale than that published in the Gazette, and we think the likeness nearer to the original. Merchants and masters of vessels should supply themselves with a few copies, the former to place in their counting houses and the latter to take with them to the various ports to which they may be bound. - Ibid [Commercial Journal Nov. 9].

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward David Barlow (artist, lithographer)

[News], The Australian (24 March 1840), 2 

A musical swindler has lately bolted to New Zealand, guitar and all, leaving various creditors in the lurch. The credulity of the parties who have suffered considerably diminishes the pity which we should otherwise entertain for them. The runaway is said to have declared that he was going to make purchases of land in New Zealand. He will take very good care, we suspect, to forget Sydney, "Oh no we never mention it," and will "strike the light guitar" in that land which, until very lately, has been in the strict sense of the word, the refuge for the destitute.

ASSOCIATIONS: Wilson's whereabout was still a subject of lively speculation in the Sydney press in March 1840; but it is also just possible that guitar-laying swindler was someone who had bolted more recently, for instance George Thomson.

MUSIC: Oh no we never mention her (arr. Bishop); The light guitar (Barnett), Maria Taylor was several times billed to sing this song at the theatre

Musical concordances:

The printed text names the tune as "We'll run the risk for a' that", which is clearly a reference to the Scots tune For a' that, an' a' that, popularised by Robert Burns in his songs "I am a bard of no regard" and "Is there for honest poverty" (also known as "A man's a man for a' that"). The variants of the melody most likely to be known and sung in Sydney in the 1830s were probably traceable back to the tune of Lady MacIntosh's Reel. Another, more elaborate tune to which the Burns songs were also sometimes sung was An gilleadh dudh.

The version of the melody given by James C. Dick (ed.), The songs of Robert Burns now first printed with the melodies (London, Henry Frowde, 1903), 228 (above); and Donald A. Low (ed.), The songs of Robert Burns (London: Routledge, 1993), 165; see also "Lady MacIntosh's reel", in Bremner's Scots reels (c. 1857/9), 52's_Reel_(1)

"An gilleadh dudh ciar dhudh", in Simon Fraser, The airs and melodies peculiar to the highlands of Scotland and the Isles (Edinburgh: For the editor, [1815/6]), 35 

Bibliography and resources:

John Dunmore Lang, An historical and statistical account of New South Wales . . . second edition . . . vol. 2 (London: A. J. Valpy, 1837), 434-447 (discusses affair), especially 436-37 (reprints song in full) (DIGITISED)

[John Richard Houlding], "Sketches from Real Life, BY OLD BOOMERANG, POLITICS IN BYGONE DAYS", Sydney Mail (12 November 1870), 11

John Percy McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 3 (1901; September 1906), 41 (DIGITISED)

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (11 October 1905), 3

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (25 October 1905), 3

Arthur Jose, "Calendars and Almanacks", The Brisbane Courier (31 December 1932), 16

A. F. Pike, "Wilson, John Thomas (?-?)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Ann V. Beedell, The decline of the English musician 1788-1888: a family of English musicians in Ireland, England, Mauritius, and Australia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992), 260-1, 267, 281-82, 291-96, 305

"The family man", AustLit

WILSON, Marmaduke Henry (Marmaduke Henry WILSON; Mr. M. H. WILSON; Mr. WILSON; in Scotland "Mr. Harvey WILSON")

Musician, professor of music, pianist, organist, composer, editor, writer on music

Born London, England, 9 June 1833; baptised St. James, Westminster, 14 April 1834; son of Marmaduke WILSON (1769-1855) and Sarah BUSHBY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1858
Married Margaret TEYS, St. Andrew's church, Newcastle, NSW, 9 April 1861
Died East Maitland, NSW, 17 May 1871, "aged 36/37" [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Marmaduke Henry Wilson was the youngest son of Marmaduke Wilson (1769-1855), of Mayfair, and his second wife Sarah Bushby, who had married at St. Andrew's, Holborn, on 20 December 1831. His much older half-brother was the London composer Marmaduke Charles Wilson (1796-1876), who by marriage to Frances Maria Elliston in 1821 was brother-in-law of William Gore Elliston.


London and Manchester England (to c. 1855):

"ST. GEORGE'S HARMONIC SOCIETY", Lady's Newspaper and Pictorial Times [London, England] (31 March 1849), 26 (PAYWALL)

The directors of this society gave the fifth of their Chamber Concerts, at their rooms, Dean-street, Soho, on Wednesday last, and is deserving of especial praise. The programme showed great taste in its selection, there being many favourite pieces from the most popular authors . . . Mr. M. H. Wilson also played a very brilliant pianoforte fantasia; Mr. Blethin accompanied in a very efficient manner, and Mr. Llyon [? Lyon] conducted.

"NEW MUSIC", The Era [London] (13 May 1849), 10 (PAYWALL)

Music by MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON. Cramer, Beale, and Co., Regent-street. -
An elegant ballad; the words easy and poetical; the music simple and pathetic. The symphonies and accompaniments are in excellent keeping with the theme, and display considerable tact in their arrangement.

[Advertisement], Western Courier [Plymouth, England] (22 November 1849), 4 (PAYWALL)

THURSDAY and FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22nd and 23rd, 1849 . . .
MR. DISTIN AND HIS SONS Will perform on their SILVER SAX-HORNS . . .
PROGRAM. PART I . . . NEW BALLAD. - "Jennie Deans," [sic, Jeanie Deans] sung by Miss Moriatt O'Conner. - M. H. WILSON . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Distin and sons (sax-horn players)

"ST. GEORGE'S HARMONIC SOCIETY", Sun [London] (15 December 1849), 3 (PAYWALL)

The third concert took place at the Society's Rooms, 69, Dean-street, Soho, on Friday evening, and notwithstanding the unpropitious state of the weather, was very fully attended . . . Mr. M. H. Wilson performed a notturno of Goria's on the pianoforte with execution and finish, and obtained a most unequivocal redemand. Conductor, Mr. S. T. Lyon; accompanyists, Messrs. J. C. Benthin and Jackson.

England census, parish of St. George, Hanover Square, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO107/1476/134/42 (PAYWALL)

28 Clarges Street / Marmaduke Wilson / Head / Mar. / 82 / Tailor (Retired) / [born] Askew Bedale Yorkshire
Sarah [Wilson] / Wife / Mar. / 44 / - / [born] Shefford Bedfordshire
Marmaduke H. [Wilson] / Son / Unm. / 17 / Professor of Pianoforte / [born] London England . . .

[Advertisement], Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser (12 November 1853), 1 (PAYWALL)

MR. M. H. WILSON, of London, now residing at Miss Elliston's and Wilson's. GIVES LESSONS on the PIANOFORTE. - 13, Lime Grove, Greenheys.

"COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London Gazette (20 March 1855), 1166 (DIGITISED)

Marmaduke Henry Wilson, formerly of No. 13, Limegrove, Green Hayes, Manchester, then of No. 49, Radnorstreet, Manchester, now of No. 28, Clarges-street, Piccadilly, Middlesex, Musical Professor.

Glasgow and Kilmarnock, Scotland (c. 1856-58):

[Advertisement], Glasgow Herald [Scotland] (21 January 1856), 2 (PAYWALL)

In the Press,
MR. HARVEY WILSON'S NEW MAZURKA, dedicated to the Right Honourable COUNTESS KENMARE.
Also, THE CLYDE SCHOTTISH, Price 2s., dedicated to Lady CAMILLA SINCLAIR.
Also, OUR SWEET NATIVE CLIME, Ballad, dedicated to Miss NICOLSON of Glasgow.
To be bad of J. Muir Wood & Co., 42 Buchanan Street.

[Advertisement], Glasgow Herald (25 January 1856), 1 (PAYWALL)

begs to announce to the Nobility and Gentry in and around Glasgow his intention of
REFERENCES: - J. G. T. Sinclair, Esq., Thurso Castle;
Lady Keith Jackson, Beach House, Deal; Miss Nicolson, New Place, Glasgow;
Messrs. Wylie & Lochhead, Glasgow, &c., &c.
Cards of Terms may be had of Messrs. J. Muir Wood & Co., Buchanan Street, to whose care letters may be addressed.

"NEW MUSIC", Glasgow Herald (23 April 1856), 2 (PAYWALL)

THE CLYDE SCHOTTISCHE. By Harvey Wilson. Glasgow: J. Muir Wood & Co.
THESE are the first works of this composer which have come under our notice; and, we must add, that their graceful movements and artistic excellence are such that they ought not only to attract the notice but win the admiration of the music-loving public. There is a freshness and originality about them which is quite delightful, and they only require to find their way to the portfolios of all piano amateurs to become stock favourites. We regret that we cannot lay even a single phrase of either of the above works before our readers.

[Advertisement], Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter [Scotland] (28 February 1857), 1 (PAYWALL)

GRAND OPERATIC AND NATIONAL CONCERT, Under the following Distinguished Patronage:
The Right Hon. Countess of KENMARE, Castlerosse.
Hon. Countess of GLASGOW, Cumbrae.
Lady CAMILLA SINCLAIR, Thurso Castle.
Sir GEORGE SINCLAIR, Bart., Thurso. | Sir JAMES COTTAR, Bart.
Captain HOLMES. | D. URQUHART, Esq., M.P.; &c., &c.
MR. HARVEY WILSON [sic] Begs to acquaint the Gentry and Inhabitants of Kilmarnock and its vicinity,
that he has entered into arrangements with Mr. STEMBRIDGE RAY (the Favourite Tenor) and Mr. FREDERICK GOUGH (the Baritone), to appear with
When the most varied and Popular Programme will be offered the Audience comprising Selections from the Classical Works . . .
. . . performer by the following array of talent: . . .
MR. H. WILSON, Late Conductor and Composer to the Royal Italian Opera, London, 1855.
Composer of the Operas of "The Infidel Knight," "Althea," "Courtenay," "Spirit of the East,"
"La Danse du Village," &c., &c. Pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson . . .
Conductor and Manager, Mr. WILSON.
PROGRAMME. PART FIRST. Pianoforte Introduction - Scotch - arranged by H. Wilson. Mr. H. WILSON.
Song - "In the tempest of the heart," - (Trovatore,) Verdi - Mr. GOUGH.
Operatic Cavatina - "Vivi tu," - (Anna Bolena), Donizetti - Mr. RAY.
Solo, Pianoforte - "Cujus Animan," - (Stabat Mater,) - Rossini - Mr. H. WILSON.
Romanza. - Woman's Heart," - (Enchantress,) - Balfe - Maddle. HELEN PARINI.
Song - "In happy moments," - (Maritana,) Wallace, - Mr. GOUGH.
THE MUSIC TO SHAKSPEARE'S TRAGEDY OF MACBETH, (Attributed to Matthew Locke, but written by JOHN ECCLES).
Trio - This magic-wove scarf - (Mountain Sylph,) Barnett. Maddle. HELENE PARINI, Messrs. RAY and GOUGH.
Original Scotch Melody - Jeanie Deans - (MSS) - Maddle. PARINI.
The above song was written expressly for this occasion, and although the words are English, yet the Composer has endeavoured to write a Scotch Melody - With what success remains with the kind indulgence of the Audience.
It is descriptive of the interview between Jeanie Deans and Queen Caroline, in which the former intercedes for the life of her sister, Effie.
Operatic Cavatina - On the cold shores of the stranger. - (Romeo and Juliet), Bellini - Mr. RAY.
Solo, Pianoforte - March - (Prophete) Meyerbeer. Mr. H. WILSON.
Scene and Cavatina -Ernani! involami, - (Ernani, Verdi). - Maddle HELENE PARINI.
Song - Bonnie Glenstrae - (Written by John Patterson, Esq.) Brown - Mr. GOUGH.
Song - Flowers of the forest - Scotch - Mr. RAY.
Italian Aria - Ben e ridicolo, - (Bianca Capello) Randegger - Maddle. HELENE PARINI.
Duett - Larboard watch, ahoy! Williamson - Mr. RAY And Mr. GOUGH . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Stembridge Ray (vocalist);

"CONCERT", Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (7 March 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

A superior musical treat was given by the Concert Company in the George Hotel Assembly Rooms on Thursday evening last. The audience was pretty large and most respectable. The artistes were Mdlle. Helene Parini, Mr. Stembridge Ray, and Mr. Frederick Gough. Mr. Harvey Wilson presided at the pianoforte. Mdlle. Parini possesses an exquisitely sweet voice, but it was rather light for each a large hall. Her "Jeanie Deans" - a very chaste melody composed for the occasion by Mr. Wilson - was encored. We thought, however, that she was most at home in her operatic pieces . . . The accompaniment on the pianoforte were admirably sustained by Mr. Wilson.

"MR. HARVEY WILSON", Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (4 April 1857), 5 (PAYWALL)

We are glad to say that the illness of this gentleman has now assumed such a shape as to promise an early resumption of his musical tuition duties. The illness has for him been as inopportune as it has been severe, occurring, as it did, at the very commencement of his labours amongst. It is to be hoped that parties who engaged, or intended to engage, him will exercise a little further forbearance in the present peculiar position he has been placed. A short time will see him able to take and keep that position among music teachers which his abilities eminently qualify him to occupy. We also understand that the "Ayrshire Musical Album," a new work in which he is engaged, progresses favourably, and that it will be ready at the promised time - the first of May.

"GOMPERZ'S PANORAMA", Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (25 April 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

This panorama will to-night close a most successful, though short, visit to Kilmarnock. Every evening since its opening has seen crowds flocking to witness what many have designated an unequalled and unique representation of the kind . . . We may notice that a Grand Triumphant March the opera of the "Spirit of the Past," composed by Mr. Harvey Wilson, was played this week with considerable acceptance - some of the passages being deemed very fine . . .

"HOLY TRINITY EPISCOPAL CHURCH", Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (15 August 1857), 4 (PAYWALL)

The consecration of this place of worship was performed by the Lord Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway on Tuesday . . . The music of the organ was solemn and grand, and rendered more effective by the talent of Mr. Harvey Wilson. He really plays charmingly . . .

[Advertisement], Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (15 August 1857), 1 (PAYWALL)

THE First Number will be ready on Tuesday, the 1st of September (price 2s 6d), containing the "Life of Handel,"
with some of his classical gems arranged for the Pianoforte and Organ.
London: Cramer, Beale, & Co.; Kilmarnock: James Mille, Portland Street.

"CONCERT", Kilmarnock Weekly Post and County of Ayr Reporter (14 November 1857), 6 (PAYWALL)

The concert which off on Monday evening, under the conductorship of Mr. Harvey Wilson, was a complete failure in point of attendance. A degree of apathy seemed to take possession of the audience, and the musicians to some extent, caught the infection. Miss Mordan is a singer of a superior grade and manifested a refined taste, in the execution of her songs. Miss Grobecker, who had the disadvantage of being a mezzo-soprano, did not elicit to much applause . . . Mr. Gough has since his first appearance, always been admired for his fine baritone voice . . . Mr. Ray, it need not be said, was "himself again" . . . The accompaniments as was to be expected, were done almost to perfection. And we could have wished Mr. Wilson a more happy audience, every arrangement for their comfort having been provided, and the hall laid out with great taste . . .

"THE UNEMPLOYED", North British Daily Mail (30 January 1858), 4 (PAYWALL)

The number of the unemployed is yet but little diminished, and various means are being resorted to in order to alleviate the distress consequent on the commercial depression. On Monday a concert, under the patronage of the Provost and Magistrates, is to be given in the George Inn Hall, the proceeds of which are to be for the behoof of the unemployed. The Kilmarnock Orchestral Association, Mr. Harvey Wilson and others have volunteered their services gratis.

[Notice], The Edinburgh Gazette (16 February 1858), 323 (DIGITISED)

THE Estates of MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON, Professor of Music, residing in Balmoral Terrace, Kilmarnock, were sequestrated on the 13th day of February 1858, by the Sheriff of Ayrshire. The first deliverance is dated the 13th February 1858 . . .

[Notice], The Edinburgh Gazette (6 July 1858), 1289 (DIGITISED)

SEQUESTRATION of MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON, Professor of Music in Balmoral Terrace, Kilmarnock.
AS Trustee on the sequestrated estate of Marmaduke Henry Wilson, Professor of Music, residing in Balmoral Terrace, Kilmarnock, I hereby call a general meeting of his Creditors to be held within my Office here, on Wednesday the 28th day of July current, at one o'clock afternoon, to consider as to an application to be made by me for my discharge as Trustee foresaid. ALLAN THOMSON, Trustee . . .

"Wales. CURIOUS CIRCUMSTANCE", Chester Chronicle [England] (14 August 1858), 6 (PAYWALL)

Mr. Gerard Berrn, of Coulderton, last week went down to the sea shore near the nethertown point, when found a bottle washed with a letter it. On breaking the bottle, the letter was found to be perfectly clean, and addressed - "Mrs. Wilson, Alma House, Beaumaris, North Wales." Two other slips were the bottle with the following directions - "Marmaduke H. Wilson, 23, Clarges-street, Picadilly, London - and "The Firs, Claughton, near Birkenhead." Mr. Benn posted the letter the post office, Egremont, on Saturday last. - Carlisle Examiner.

Sydney, NSW (from late 1858 to 1861):

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1858), 3 

pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson (Lower Walmer),
gives lessons on the pianoforte and organ, and in harmony and composition.
Highest references and testimonials, if required. Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1859), 4 

HERR WILHELM CARL SCHMITT and Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON give their CONCERT of Classical and Popular Music, at the King's School, Parramatta, on MONDAY next. To commence at 8. Tickets, 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Schmitt (violin)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1859), 1 

GRAND CONCERT of Classical and Popular Instrumental Music on WEDNESDAY, January 12, 1859.
Artists.- Herr Wilhelm Carl Schmitt (solo violinist of Munich),
Mr. Marmaduke Henry Wilson (of London, pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson, Lower Walmer).
THE STEAMERS will run to and from MANLY BEACH before and after the CONCERT. Fare (including the concert), Four Shillings.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1859), 1

HERR W. CARL SCHMITT, of Munich, and Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON, of London, give their Grand CONCERT TO-NIGHT, at the PIER HOTEL, Manly Beach. Steamer will leave at 2.30 p.m. Admission, four shillings, fare there and back included.

"CONCERT AT MANLY BEACH", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1859), 5 

The residents and frequenters of Manly Beach have had on two occasions lately a new feature added to the many attractions of this favourite summer resort, in the production of instrumental concerts. But two concerts have as yet been essayed, and it is only a question, which a little time will solve, whether due encouragement will be given for their continuance. It would be heresy to doubt the result when music of the highest order, almost on her own temple, the vocal woods woos attention. The gentlemen who have selected this spot as the scene of their entertainments have already made their debut before a Sydney audience in the city. Herr Schmitt, a violinist from Munich, and Mr. W. H. Wilson [sic], pianist, from London. At the first performance given by these gentlemen a week since, some of the first families in Sydney attended, and on that occasion they achieved a decided triumph - there being but one expression of opinion as to the ability of each on his respective instrument. On Saturday last their second concert came off; but it was not numerously attended - the threatening state of the weather being a bar to people venturing upon the water in a boat, which, be the weather fair or foul, does not afford even the shelter of an awning. Herr Schmitt has a perfect command of his instrument - his manner of using his bow is easy and graceful - entirely devoid of those contortions and grimaces sometimes seen as characterising performers, and which are a great drawback to the effect of the finest execution. His "Souvenir de Bellini," and "Last Rose of Summer," were beautifully and effectively rendered, and elicited the warm applause of his auditory. Mr. Wilson, as a pianist, will take a foremost rank in musical coteries and societies. His manipulation is masterly - with a completeness and finish in the rendering of his music which denotes him a lover, as well as a master, of his art. A third concert will come off in a few days.

"To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1859), 3 

SIR - In your usual notice of the Sydney Philharmonic Society's concert, I was struck with the omission of the names of the two performers who were invited to grace our drawing-room entertainment with their musical abilities upon that occasion. I refer to Madame Jaffa's performance on the pianoforte, and Carl Schmidt's spirited performance on the violin of De Beriot's seventh air. Mr. Wilson, of London, accompanied . . .
A MEMBER. 27th January.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rebecca Jaffa (pianist); Sydney Philharmonic Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1859), 1 

SCHOOL OF ARTS. - Under the patronage of His Excellency the GOVERNOR-GENERAL, Sir W. T. DENISON, K.C.B.
Mr. G. F. LAURENT begs respectfully to announce his Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT will take place on MONDAY, February 7.
PROGRAMME. Part 1st. Grand Wedding March - Organ (Mendelssohn) - Mr. Packer.
Air - Robert toi que Jaime (Meyerbeer) - Madame Lamont.
Solo - Pianoforte - Mr. M. H. Wilson.
Song - The Death of Nelson (Braham) - Mr. Laurent.
Ballad - Madame Flora Harris.
Irish ballad - Oft in the stilly night (by desire) - Mr. Packer.
Grand Duo Concertante - Violin and Piano (De Beriot) - Herr W. Carl Schmidt and Mr. M. H. Wilson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Frederick Laurent (vocalist); Maria Augusta Lamont (vocalist); Flora Harris (vocalist); Charles Sandys Packer (pianist, vocalist); Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1859), 1 

MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON, Professor of Music, 83, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo. Messrs. W. J. Johnson and Co.

"HARMONY AND DISCORD. To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1859), 5 

Sir, - I regret exceedingly that your impartial notice of the morning concert, given by me on the 17th instant, for the benefit of the poor children of the Asylum for the Destitute, should have been misunderstood, and have created discordant emotions in the breast of an individual who has dubbed himself "Harmony." I am sorry the gentleman withheld his name, for I really can have but one opinion of an anonymous writer . . . The critique alluded to, after generously speaking of the children's sweet singing, correctly observes that "the same cannot be said of the elder choruses" . . . Some of the elder singers were not equal (nor within a shadow's shadow of equality) with the children of the Asylum in time, intonation, articulation, nor in expression. I cannot, with Walter in the Children of the Wood, say "I saw them galloping;" but I most assuredly heard a stentorian-lunged tenor trotting off a full bar in advance of his neighbour, and two other tenors also singing in different counters. They likewise sang gratuitously: this is a double claim on my silence. I am, therefore, not disposed to mention names, but as a proof that I fully expected this disaster, I actually placed four leaders over them to keep time - two talented amateurs and two professional gentlemen, Mr. Cordner and Mr. Wilson . . .
I am, Sir, yours obediently,

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (conductor, composer); William John Cordner (musician)

[Advertisement], Empire (28 June 1859), 1 

as performed at the Victoria Theatre every evening during JOHN DREW'S Engagement. Price, 3s. 6d. . . .
W. J. JOHNSON and CO., Pitt-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Drew (actor, vocalist); William Jonathan Johnson (musicseller); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"MUSIC", Empire (1 July 1859), 5 

At the Victoria Theatre, every evening, a novel feature is introduced, by the performance of some new music, being a set of waltzes, entitled, "L'Amour et L'Amitié," composed by Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, well known in London and Sydney as a composer, pianist, and teacher, of talent and ability. - The waltzes comprise three numbers - the second, "Friendship," has a very attractive but simple melody in E flat. No. 3 - the intertwining of "Love and Friendship," in which the melodies of the first and second parts are, by changing the keys, very effectively mingled, and some skilful modulations introduced.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. BENEFIT OF Mr. DREW, &c.", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1859), 5 

This evening that talented comedian, Mr. John Drew, intends, we observe, to take a benefit at the Royal Victoria Theatre . . . Some original music, composed expressly for the occasion by Mr. M. Wilson, is to be performed in the course of the evening; and it is understood that the manager, Mr. Samuel Colville, will also deliver an address on the occasion - the last night of his dramatic season in this city.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Colville (manager)

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (1 August 1859), 5 

A set of quadrilles, dedicated to "John Drew," of whom a well-executed portrait adorns the title-page, has been issued by Mr. Clarke. They are entitled "The Irish Emigrant Quadrilles," and have been composed by the talented musician, Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, expressly for the Royal Victoria Theatre, where they will be played, for the first time, this evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Richard Clarke (musicseller, publisher)

[Advertisement], Empire (8 August 1859), 1 

GENERAL COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT . . . Marmaduke H. Wilson, Esq., professor of music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (musician, died Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1859)

"MR. JOHN DREW", Empire (17 August 1859), 8 

Amongst the list of passengers by the Telegraph, Captain Cottier, which left for Melbourne yesterday, the name of this genial actor will be found. He takes with him the good wishes of many hundreds of our citizens who have nightly been amused at his humorous personations of Hibernian character. . . . In the meantime Drew's numerous admirers may obtain a very appropriate souvenir of this "broth of a boy," - including his portrait as "the Irish Emigrant" looking for "Number farty-far," in the "Irish Emigrant Quadrilles," composed by the talented musician, Marmaduke H. Wilson, just published by J. R. Clarke, the music publisher.

"THE 'IRISH EMIGRANT' QUADRILLES", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1859), 8 

A very lively and pretty set of quadrilles, bearing the above title, has just been published. They were composed by Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, and dedicated to Mr. John Drew, the Irish comedian. The air of Barker's celebrated song, "I'm sitting on a stile, Mary," is introduced in the third figure, well arranged, and set in F and B flat, keys admirably suited to the melody, with an effective coda in octaves; indeed, the arrangement of the whole set is excellent. On the title-page is a very fine lithograph of Mr. Drew, in the character of the "Irish Emigrant," from the pencil of the well known S. T. G., and it is beautifully printed. With the threefold recommendations of good music, good drawing, and good printing, joined to the reputation of the composer, these quadrilles will doubtless become highly popular. Mr. J. R. Clarke is the publisher.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Barker (English composer); Samuel Thomas Gill (artist, illustrator)

MUSIC (SOURCE): The Irish emigrant ["I'm sitting by the stile, Mary"] (George Barker)

"THE IRISH EMIGRANT QUADRILLES", Empire (20 August 1869), 8 

Two composers have contended for the honour of adapting the flowing tones of melody to the following rhymes of the hon. Mrs. Price Blackwood, lady Dufferin, whose exquisite song of "The Irish Emigrant's Lament," (I'm sittin' on the stile, Mary,") has formed a theme for the lyric pens of W. A. Dempster [sic], the originator of ballad entertainments, and, more, recently, George Barker, the popular composer. The well-known melody of the latter as been taken up by our talented townsman, Mr. Marmaduke Henry Wilson, as the coda of a set of quadrilles (of which it forms No. 3 - La Poule - ) dedicated to the true personator of "The Irish Emigrant," John Drew. In addition to George Barker's ditty, various favourite airs, easily to be recognised, are interspersed through the set. The arrangement is pleasing, and by no means difficult of execution: the quadrilles are therefore likely to become favourites in the drawing-room and at the soiree. An admirably executed portrait of John Drew adorns the title, - the printing and engraving of the music remarkably exact and distinct. Mr. J. R. Clarke, the spirited publisher, deserves great commendation for his constant issue of new and valuable music.

ASSOCIATIONS: Helen Blackwood (songwriter, lyricist); William Richardson Demptser (vocalist, composer)

[Advertisement], Empire (29 August 1859), 1 

The SECOND CONCERT of the season will take place in the
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 3. Solo, pianoforte - "Cujus Animam," from Rossini's "Stabat Mater," arranged for this occasion by Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON . . .
Conductor, Mr. J. DEANE . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Deane (conductor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1859), 3 

MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON begs to intimate to his pupils that the ensuing quarter will commence on THURSDAY NEXT, October 6th. 28, Upper Fort-street.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1859), 1 

The gem of the Operatic Season. MR. JOHN GREGG has the hononr to announce that his benefit will take place
THIS EVENING . . . IL TROVATORE; or, the Gipsy's Vengeance
. New ballad, "Jeannie Deans" - Madame Carandini (for whom it was expressly written by the composer M. H. Wilson) . . .

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - Madame Carandini will sing Marmaduke H. Wilson's new ballad, entitled "Jeannies Deans," [sic] accompanied by the composer, and written expressly for this occasion. Published by H. MARSH and CO., at Messrs. Buist and Son, 254, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Henry Marsh (publisher); David Buist (musicseller); Samuel Colville (manager); Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1859), 12 

NEW BALLAD, JEANIE DEANS, by M. H. Wilson as sung by Madame Carandini on the occasion Mr. John Gregg's benefit, will be published in a few days Price, 2s. 6d. H. MARSH and CO., 254, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1859), 1 

Quartette - Stars of the Summer Night (arranged by Spagnoletti) - C. Compton - Madame Lamont, Nina Spsgnoletti, Sig. Spagnoletti, and Amateur.
Song - Violet - Madame Lamont - Barker
Song - The Blacksmith - An Amateur - Cherry
New Ballad - Jeanie Deans - Wilson Nina Spagnoletti (accompanied by the Composer.)
Solo - Bohemian Girl - Mr. Kohler - Balfe
Duett - The Ambling Steed - Kucken - Nina Spagnoletti and Signor Spagnoletti.
Piano Solo - Allegro and Andante (Op. 10, No. 1) - Beethoven - Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson.
Duett - Se un istanto - Mercandante - Nina Spagnoletti and Signor Spagnoletti.
Song - Truth in Absence - Madame Lamont - Harper
Piano Solo - Fantasia Comique "Ethiopia" - Wilson - Mr. Marmaduke Wilson.
Song - Willie we have missed you - Foster - Nina Spagnoletti.
Song (in answer) - Your Willie has returned dear - Signor Spagnoletti - Spagnoletti
Finale - By the entire Company - God save the Queen.
Tickets to be had of all Music and Book-sellers.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ernesto Spagnoletti junior (pianist); Ernesto Spagnoletti senior (vocalist); Nina Spagnoletti (vocalist); Richard Wildblood Kohler (musician)

[News], Empire (28 October 1859), 5 

The Concert given at the School of Arts last night by Messrs. Marmaduke Wilson and E. Spagnoletti was but thinly attended. The vocalists were Miss Spagnolotti, a Madame Larmont, Mr. Spagnoletti, and son; the instrumentalists, Mr. R. Kohler, cornet-a-piston, Mr. Wilson, pianoforte. A well-selected programme was equally well carried out. Miss Spagnoletti has a good voice, but wants ease and finish; she was encored in Wilson's ballad of "Jeanie Deans," as was Mr. Spagnoletti in his own ballad of, "Your Willie has returned Dear," - also, Mr. Kohler in his brilliantly executed cornet solo, and Mr. Marmaduke Wilson in the variations to the [REDACTED] melody of "Oh Susanna, don't you cry for me."

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 13 

Last night a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music was held in aid of the funds of the School of Arts, Balmain, in the school-house, Adolphus-street, at which a large number of the principal residents were present, together with several visitors from the city . . . a fantasia on the pianoforte by Mr. M. Wilson . . . displayed considerable cleverness, and excited some amusement on account of the comic style in which several well known airs were introduced . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1859), 12 

JEANNIE DEANS, by M. H Wilson - third edition. Post-free, 2s. 6d. H. MARSH and CO.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1860), 8 

MARMADUKE Henry Wilson's new Schottische "Anniversary." Price 2s. 6d. H. MARSH and CO., or of the composer.

"ANNIVERSARY SCHOTTISHE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1860), 5 

The seventy-second anniversary of the foundation of the colony was deemed a fitting occasion for the production of a new schottishe [schottische] by Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, bearing the above title, and dedicated by permission to his Excellency Sir William Denison. It is a very lively composition brillante, abounding in thirds and octaves, and will doubtless find many admirers.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Denison (governor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1860), 1 

FLOODS RELIEF FUND. - At a Preliminary Meeting of the Members of the Musical Profession, held at Mr. Marsh's Music Room, No. 4, Jamison-street, on Saturday, February 25th, CHARLES PACKER, Esq. in the chair, the following resolutions were carried unanimously . . .
"That the committee consist of the following members: . . . and Mr. M. H. Wilson, with power to add to their number" . . .

"CONCERT AT THE EXCHANGE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1860), 5 

Mons. Coulon's benefit concert last evening narrowly escaped being the complete success which the character of the entertainment would have justified . . . In the course of the entertainment Mr. T. H. Brooks played on the harp a solo and (with Mr. M. Wilson on the piano) Steil's grand duo, in each case exhibiting precision and facility in fingering, combined with much taste in expression, so as to earn warm applause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emile Coulon (vocalist); Thomas H. Brooks (harpist)

MUSIC: Unidentified work by William Henry Steil (composer), perhaps Irish air for harp and piano

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1860), 1 

AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET of THIS DAY contains the following popular music (vocal and instrumental), viz.:
1. "The Rose of Hazeldean."
2. "The Old Folks are Gone."
3. The Anniversary Schottische.
4. "England, Glorious Land."
5. "Good News from Home."
6. "Jeanie Dean." [sic]
7. "We'll drink to the beauty that's beaming around."
8. "Oh, Erin, my Country."
9. "They've sold rae down the river."
An article on the Macbeth music, reviews, &c.
Edited by Marmaduke H. Wilson.
Office, 66, Bathurst-street West, Sydney.

ASSOCIATIONS: Australian musical bouquet (series); Alonzo Grocott (printer, publisher)

See also [Advertisement], The annual exhibition of poultry, pigeons, and rabbits . . . Temperance Hall, Pitt Street, on Tuesday, 31st of July, and Wednesday & Thursday, 1st & 2nd August, 1860 (Sydney: Sydney Poultry Association, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

"MISS HAMILTON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1860), 8 

Miss Octavia Hamilton, one of the late opera company of the Prince of Wales Theatre, gave a farewell concert last evening at the Exchange Hall . . . Miss Hamilton sang a ballad, "Our native clime," written and composed expressly for her by Mr. M. H. Wilson. There is nothing particular, either in the words or the music of the ballad, but it was sung with some taste, and as each lady who visited the concert had received gratuitously a copy of the words and music the audience naturally felt bound to encore the "Morceau," and encored it accordingly was . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (vocalist)


. . . Of the seven pieces in the second part of the programme, four were encored, viz. . . . Miss Hamilton in Marmaduke Wilson's new and pleasant ballad "Our native clime" . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1860), 10 

MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S last Ballad, "Our Native Clime." Price 1s, Musical Bouquet Office.
THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET of September will contain the following original and popular music: -
"Oh Boys, carry me 'long," "Ether purple flow'r;"
a new Mazurka, by the editor (pianoforte accompaniments);
"Hard times come again no more," (piano); "Gentle Annie," "I wait for thee, Mary;"
also, a set of Original Cathedral Chants, composed by Richard Massey, Esq.
(officiating organist of her Majesty's Chapel Royal, Whitehall),
and arranged for full choir, organ, or pianoforte, by MARMADUKE H. WILSON.

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5 

. . . Another evidence of the advance of musical taste in the colony, is the great increase in the publication of music (original and selected) and musical publications. Since the last summary we have . . . "Our Native Clime," written and composed by Marmaduke Wilson, who is the editor of the new series of the Australian Musical Bouquet, a useful little work, which, with an elegantly engraved series of Mr. Peck's A. M. Bouquet, should command attention . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (publisher of a rival series)

[Advertisement], Empire (1 September 1860), 1 

MARMADUKE WILSON'S SERENADE from the "Infidel Knight," price one shilling; (full music size) . . .
OUR NATIVE CLIME, new Ballad, by MARMADUKE H. WILSON, price one shilling; (full music size),
Office, 66, Bathurst-street West, Branch Office, Mr. FORD'S, News Agent, George-street.

"MUSICAL NOTES ON THE WEEK . . . NEW MUSIC", Empire (3 September 1860), 4 

The week has not passed without furnishing its quota of new music. The "Australian Musical Bouquet. No. 2" has been issued by Mr. Grocott, and deserves universal approbation. The editor has evidently been very industrious. We have four pages of musical intelligence, equally interesting to the professional, the amateur, and the general reader; an original critique on "Lurline," and a condensed account of the operas, and all the concerts in London during the month of June, the latest intelligence. Eight pages of music, clearly printed on excellent paper, including an original mazurka and four cathedral chants with organ accompaniment as used in Her Majesty's Chapel Royal, Whitehall, composed by Richard Massey; these chants have, we believe, not been published, they will be continued monthly. The "Bouquet" is a very useful and cheap publication; the price of all this being one shilling. The title page is certainly a peculiar design, but is inscribed with the names of more than forty composers. From the same publication office we have No. 1 of a collected edition of the works of Marmaduke H. Wilson, well known as a musician of great talent; its title is "Constance, dear Constance," from the composer's opera of "The Infidel Knight," and is a composition very different to many pieces with which we have lately been favoured. When we say that this is a London publication, (with wrapper printed in Sydney for the new issue,) got up in the most elegant style, five pages of beautifully engraved music for one shilling, it will readily be inferred that the age for cheap music in Sydney is about to commence.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lurline (Wallace); Richard Massey (composer, organist)

[Advertisement], Empire (29 September 1860), 1 

THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET of MONDAY NEXT will contain the following original and popular MUSIC: -
1. The Sweet Young Flowers of Early Spring
2. He's o'er the Hills
3. Not Married Yet?
4. Tom Bowling (Dibden)
5. We are Coming, Sister Mary (pianoforte accompaniments and chorus)
6. Cathedral Chants (full choir end organ)
7. March, from Mozart's Zauberflöte (pianoforte)
8. Biographical Sketch of the Life of Czerny
9. Reviews - London Operas and Concerts, Correspondence, &c., &c.
Edited by MARMADUKE. H. WILSON, Office, 66, Bathurst-street West; branch office, Mr. FORD'S, News Agent, George-street.
MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S Serenade, "Constance, Sweet Constance." Price, One Shilling. Musical Bouquet Office.
MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S Ballad, "Rememberest thou a Sunny Bower." Price, One Shilling. Musical Bouquet Office.
MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S Song, "Our Native Clime." Price, One Shilling. Musical Bouquet Office.
MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S "Castlerosse Mazourka." Price, One Shilling; Musical Bouquet Office.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (4 October 1860), 8 

The third number of Grocott's "Australian Musical Bouquet" has made its appearance on its appointed day. The editor, Mr. M. Wilson, has evidently been very busy. There are four pages of interesting musical information from the last London papers, including a sketch of Czerny. The musical contents include a March from Mozart's "Zauberflute," (With introduction by the editor), the continuation of Massey's "Cathedral Chants," for full choir and organ accompaniment, a song, "Sister Mary," with chorus and pianoforte accompaniment and the melodies of four songs. This useful publication appeals to a large portion of citizens - those with a love of music, who only desire to learn the melodies of song; and for those who cannot afford the generally high price of music. The "Bouquet" at one shilling is within the reach of every member of the community. From the same office has, during the week, been issued the third number of Mr. Wilson's opera of "The Infidel Knight" - the "Grand March of Crusaders" - a very spirited piece for pianoforte players. This is the beautifully-engraved London edition, and as its cost is only one shilling, it will command a general circulation. The second number of Mr. Peck's "Bouquet" has also been published . . .

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (6 October 1860), 3 

Among the many publications which have lately been issued to the public, none has attracted our attention more than the above. The name of Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson has long been favorably known as a musician of great talent, and his works and composition have gained him a reputation, which we trust he may long and profitably enjoy. The Bouquet is published every mouth by Mr. Alonzo Grocott, of Bathurst-street west, and reflects the greatest possible credit on his exertions, which have been most energetic and indefatigable. The method of printing is new, and there seems to be a most unaccountable mystery attached to it; the music being neither type nor engraving, and yet lithographed in a superior manner, to anything we have hitherto seen. The present number (3) contains nine pieces, of popular music, together with several original compositions which are written in Mr. Marmaduke Wilson's usually happy manner. In terpsichorean, as in classical music, the editor is like at home. The "Bouquet" office has also issued some full music size songs, etc., engraved by London artists, amongst which we must not omit to mention the serenade from Mr. Wilson's Opera of the Infidel Knight, entitled "Constance, sweet Constance," which, we have no doubt, will have the same popularity here that attended it at home. Several other compositions of much merit have also been produced, and the publishers are still laboring to establish on a fine basis the sale of cheap and original music. We cannot close these remarks without wishing both publisher and editor the hearty success their energy and talents so meritoriously deserve.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1860), 16 

MARMADUKE H. WILSON'S new song, "Heartsease," in the November number of the Australian Musical Bouquet.
Office, 66, Bathurst-street West. Branch office, Mr. FORD'S, George-street

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Empire (2 November 1860), 4 

This now firmly established an remarkably cheap publication appears with great regularity, No. 4 having been issued on its appointed day. The present Number contains more than the usual amount of literary and musical matter, considerable improvement being manifested in the contents, which include four pages of intelligence, an essay on music, and the latest English and continental musical news; an adagio for the pianoforte, from Spohr's "Last Judgment;" an original song, "Heartsease," by Mr. M. H. Wilson (editor); the andante movement, from Beethoven's Sonata, No. 26; and the airs, with and without words, of six songs. The price of all this is one shilling. A portrait of Miss Octavia Hamilton is appended; it might be a good likeness, but we can't see it: it has evidently been spoiled in the printing.

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury [Wollongong, NSW] (7 December 1860), 3 

Assembly Rooms, Queen's Hotel.
MR. W. H. STEPHENS, the celebrated Comedian and Comic Vocalist, will appear in his new Entertainment, entitled, "WHERE I WENT, AND WHAT I SAW" . . .
Mr. HARRY HOUDIN will also appear in his great and equally surprising POLYNATIONAL ENTERTAINMENT.
In the course of the evening, MISS RAYMOND will Sing several BALLADS AND SONGS.
Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON (the celebrated Composer and Pianist) will PRESIDE AT THE PIANOFORTE . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Henry Stephens (actor, vocalist); Harry Houdin (entertainer, musician, vocalist, dancer); Marie P. Maynard (vocalist)

"TEMPERANCE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1860), 8 

Mr. Harry Houdin, last evening, gave a performance of his drawing-room magic, and wonderful polynational entertainment, at the Hall of Temperance. The audience were only few in number, but some of the mechanical tricks were loudly applauded. Mr. M. H. Wilson presided at the piano.

ASSOCIATIONS: Temperance Hall (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire (31 December 1860), 1 

Parts 1 and 2. From Sydney to New York, via California and Panama,
With new Songs, Anecdotes, and Characteristic Sketches.
LAST, NIGHT of Miss M. P. MAYNARD [sic], the favourite Ballad Singer.
LAST NIGHT of M. H. WILSON'S New Overtures.
Concluding with HARRY HOUDINS's Polynational Entertainment . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 January 1861), 1 

THE Celebrated Comedian, Mr. W. H. STEPHENS, from the English, Sydney, Melbourne and Tasmanian Theatres,
the favourite Ballad Singer, Miss MARIE P. RAYMOND,
and the eminent Composer and Pianist, Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON,
will have the honour of giving Two of their highly amusing and
SELECT ENTERTAINMENTS, in West Maitland, This Evening (Tuesday), and Tomorrow (Wednesday), January 1st and 2nd, 1861, in the Hall of the School of Arts.
PROGRAMME - PART I. OVERTURE (original) - Marmaduke H. Wilson.
Mr. W. H. Stephens will appear in his highly interesting Entertainment (a la Albert Smith), entitled "WHERE I WENT AND WHAT I SAW" . . .
Song, "I Watch for Thee in Starless Night," Miss M. P. Raymond. Fantasia, introductory, M. H Wilson.
PART II. - Mr. W. H Stephens in his "FLYING TRIP through California, to the United States, via the Panama Route" . . .
The evening's Entertainment will conclude with Mr. W. H. Stephens singing the following
SONGS in Character, viz - "My Love he is a Saileure Boy, only Nineteen Years old;" and "That Young Man from the country."
Front seats, 4s. Back seats, 2s. 6d. Doors Open at half-past Seven, commence at Eight precisely.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles V. Mason alias Howard (agent)

"MR. STEPHENS AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 January 1861), 2 

One of the most pleasing entertainments we have been present at for some time was given at the School of Arts, West Maitland, on Tuesday evening, by Mr. W. H. Stephens, assisted by Miss M. P. Raymond, and Mr. M. H. Wilson. The attendance was but limited, which may be attributed to two causes - first a huge number of the inhabitants having gone to Newcastle for the day, and secondly, the charge of admittance being considered by many too high . . . During the interval, Miss Raymond sang, a few favourite ballads with exquisite taste and feeling, all of which were well received by the audience. The entertainment concluded with Mr. Stephens singing "My love is a Saileure Boy only nineteen years old" and "That Young Man from the Country" in female attire, which elicited roars of laughter.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (9 March 1861), 8 

. . . The March number of the "Musical Bouquet" edited by Mr. M. Wilson, contains seven pieces, three for the pianoforte, a song entitled the Christian Mariner, and three airs for violin and flute. The reading portion of the "Bouquet" is devoted to musical and dramatic intelligence, English, continental, and colonial. A translated poem by Goethe, and a song dedicated to Sergant-major Baynes, entitled "Form, girle, form."

Hunter region, NSW (gradually relocated Autumn-Winter 1861):

[Advertisement], The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 April 1861), 1 

MR. COLEMAN has pleasure in announcing to the public that
THURSDAY and FRIDAY Evenings, the 11th and 12th April, 1861, will be devoted to a
Mr. Coleman, in addition to his own services, has engaged
the celebrated musical composer and pianist MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON.
The favorite danseuse and actress from the Sydney theatres, MISS ADA HART . . .
By unanimous desire, Mr. Coleman will sing his great song -
"That Young Man from the County," accompanied by the composer, Mr. M. H. Wilson . . .
On both evenings, Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson will execute some of his choicest morceaux on the piano . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Barned Jullien Coleman (performer, manager); Ada Hart (dancer)

"MARRIAGE", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 April 1861), 2 

At Newcastle, on the 9th instant, by special license, by the Rev. James Nimmo, M.A., of St. Andrew's Church, Marmaduke Henry Wilson, musical composer and pianist, to Miss Margaret Teys, daughter of David Teys, Esq., Murrurrundi.

"IPSWICH (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) WEDNESDAY (YESTERDAY)", The Moreton Bay Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (11 April 1861), 2 

At the adjourned Easter meeting of St. Paul's parishioners yesterday . . . Chubb then proposed Mr. Compton as organist, with a salary of £60 a year. Mr. Abbott seconded. A discussion arose as to the right of the parish to elect one. The Mayor proposed Mr. Wilson, a gentleman with whom he had been in correspondence, and who had intimated his willingness to come from Sydney to be organist and conductor of the Choral Society. Seconded by Mr. Gill. Mr. Chubb pressed his resolution. Mr. Faircloth said he would move an amendment, "that Mr. Compton be not organist of St. Paul's, Ipswich." Dr. Rowlands moved, and Mr. Wilson seconded, "that the appointment be left in the hands of the churchwardens." Amendment carried. Mr. Chubb moved, the Mayor seconded, "that the salary of the organist do not exceed £60 a year for the present year." Carried. It was then resolved that the stipend of the organist should be a separate fund, the chairman announcing his intention to subscribe £5 a year, whoever might be appointed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Compton (organist)

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (26 April 1861), 8 

MR. COLEMAN, the DRAMATIC POLYPHONIST, will arrive in a few days with his new entertainment, in the C. F Lessing, accompanied by Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, the composer and pianist. Open to an ENGAGEMENT.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", Sydney Mail (4 May 1861), 8 

Two musical publications have issued from the Press during the past week: "Grocott's Musical Bouquet," for May . . . The "Bouquet" contains three pieces: A serenade from Don Giovanni, with Italian and English words, "Come Shining forth my Dearest;" Sontag's celebrated "Singing Polka," for the piano; and a ballad entitled "The Youthful heart," dedicated to Mr. M. Wilson, which will be found very pretty. This publication is gradually improving in the selections made, and also in the printing, which is exceedingly good.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 October 1861), 1 

MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON begs to acquaint the gentry that he intends visiting Maitland twice a week, for the purpose of giving lessons on the Pianoforte, Organ, or Harmonium; also in Harmony and Composition. Address - Rathluba, near Maitland.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (19 August 1862), 1 

THE UNDERSIGNED, kindly assisted by Mrs. LONGFIELD, MARHADUKE WILSON, Esq., Mr. MEULMAN, Bandmaster,
and a large number of talented Ladies and Gentlemen, Amateurs, beg to inform the public that the above
WILL TAKE PLACE on TUESDAY, the 9th of September, at the School of Arts, West Maitland . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Kellerman (musician); Charles Horn (musician); Elizabeth Longfield (musician); Henry Meulman (musician)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 March 1863), 4 

ON WEDNESDAY, 4th, the FIRST NUMBER of the above Publication will be issued.
No. I. - "THE NIGHT PARADE WALTZES," Dedicated to Lieut. Wolfe and Officers of the W. M. Volunteer Rifles, Composed by Marmaduke H. Wilson.
Published by J. W. HILLCOAT, Music Seller and Stationer, High-street, West Maitland.

ASSOCIATIONS: John William Hillcoat (musicseller, publisher)

"THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (5 March 1863), 2

Some months ago we referred to the opening of a musical repository in Maitland as a sign of the advancement of the town. A further proof of this fact will, we hope, be found in the success attending the enterprise of the proprietor, Mr. Hillcoat, who has commenced the issue of a monthly publication entitled the Maitland Musical Bijou, which, whether considered as to the character of its contents or the style of its "getting up," is highly creditable to the composer, publisher, and printer. The first number contains "The Night Parade Waltzes, composed by Mr. Marmaduke Wilson. These waltzes when known cannot fail to become popular. After a simple and not at all elaborate introduction, the air of the first waltz breaks on us in the form of a quiet unassuming melody in the key of F. The second part of the waltz is charmingly written, commencing in D minor, and gradually modulating into C, and thence, to the original key. The composition is easy of execution, within the power of ordinary performers, and is written with a musician-like skill evincing the talent of the composer. The title page is well executed in gold and colours, the various tints blending like those of the rainbow.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 March 1863), 1 

THE "NIGHT PARADE WALTZES," as performed by the Band of the West Maitland Volunteers, on Thursday Evening last,
ARE NOT THE ORIGINAL ONES composed for my "Maitland Musical Bijou," by Marmaduke H. Wilson.
N.B. - Mr. Wilson's "Night Parade Waltzes," as published by the undersigned, will be performed by the
J. W. HILLCOAT, Music Seller, Stationer, and Publisher, High-street, West Maitland.

ASSOCIATIONS: West Maitland Volunteer Band (group)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 March 1863), 8 

NEW SONG. WILL BE PUBLISHED, on 1st April, "I'M SADDEST WHEN I SING." Music by M. H. WILSON. Price, 2s. 6d. J. W. HILLCOAT . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (5 May 1863), 1 

THE SINGLETON RAILWAY GALOP, Composed expressly to commemorate the Opening of the
GREAT NORTHERN EXTENSION, And dedicated (by permission)
BY MARMADUKE H. WILSON. Price, 3s. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Young (governor)

"THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (7 May 1863), 2 

The last number of the Maitland Musical Bijou, just issued, consists of a composition appropriate to the event of this day, viz., the Singleton Railway Galop. It proceeds, like its predecessors, from the pen of Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, and is, like the others, got up in excellent style. A copy of it, the wrapper of which is printed in gold and bronze, upon white satin, for presentation to the Governor-in-Chief, to whom it is dedicated, is a handsome specimen of typography. The galop will, we understand, be played at the ball, this night, at Singleton; and we hope that the introduction will gain for it a popularity which the enterprise of the publisher deserves.

"THE 'MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU'", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (6 June 1863), 2 

We acknowledge with much pleasure the receipt of the June number of the "Maitland Musical Bijou." It contains the "Wedding Polka," and is printed in the very creditable style distinguishing previous issues of the same publication. The demand for new polkas would seem to be insatiable, if we may judge from the number of compositions of this class which the musical press has poured forth. Slight are the pretensions of many of these to merit or originality; but the "Wedding Polka," by Mr. M. H. Wilson, has, on both grounds, claims to popularity that will prevent it from being lost amongst the common run.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (27 June 1863), 1 

THE ECHO ! THE ECHO ! ! THE ECHO ! ! ! Marmaduke H. Wilson's New Song . . .
"THE ECHO." MR. J. W. HILLCOAT respectfully acquaints the gentry that the above song will be ready for circulation on MONDAY MORNING NEXT. Price, 2s. 6d. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Kramer (vocalist, later Mrs. J. C. Ellis)

"MAITLAND MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 July 1863), 3 

"The Aberglasslyn Schottische" is the title of the fifth number of the "Maitland Musical Bijou." It is the composition of Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, and is a very superior one all through. To the ear it is extremely pleasing, and it is good dance music. In the schottische before us Mr. Wilson has fully equalled many of those pieces which are deemed his best. We predict for the Aberglasslyn Schottische, a favorable reception from the public, and a general popularity in the ball room.

"NEW SONG", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 November 1863), 3 

"Good Bye" is the title of a new song composed [by] Mr. M. H. Wilson, and published by Mr. Hillcoat as a number of the "Maitland Musical Bijou." It is a pretty composition, and in style accords very agreeably with the sentiment of the words. We understand that Mr. Wilkinson, the tenor singer, who accompanies MM. Poussard and Douay, will sing it in public before leaving the district. It is within the range of an ordinary voice, and it tastefully sung its effect is very pleasing.

ASSOCIATIONS: W. H. Wilkinson (vocalist); Horace Poussard (violin); Rene Douay (cello)


Marmaduke Henry Wilson, of West Maitland, professor of music.
Liabilities, £150 5s. 5d. Assets, £31. Deficit, £125 5s. 5d. [sic]
Mr. Morris, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 June 1864), 1 

the last Three numbers of the "MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU:"
No. 10 - "Australia, the Land of my Birth."
No. 11 - "Varsovianna."
No. 12 - "Anambah Polka."
J. W. HILLCOAT, High-street.
THE YOUNG PIANIST'S REPERTOIRE, published on the 1st and 15th of every month; price 1s.
To be completed in twelve numbers. No. 1 now ready. J. W. HILLCOAT.

"MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 June 1864), 2 

Some time has passed since we had occasion to notice the publication of fresh numbers of the Maitland Musical Bijou. The series is now complete; the last three numbers being a song, - "Australia, the land of my birth," the "Anambah Polka," and a varsoviana by Mr. M. H. Wilson. Mr. Hillcoat has now issued the first part of a new musical publication - "The Young Pianist's Repertoire," a number of which will appear on the first and fifteenth of each month, the whole to be completed in twelve numbers. The "Repertoire" will furnish a graduated collection of music for practice, and may be considered as a supplement to the advanced instruction book. The first is a selection from the opera "l'Elisir d'Amore," arranged and marked for fingering by Mr. M. H. Wilson.

"THE NERVOUS CURES QUADRILLES", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 May 1867), 4 

We have received a copy of these new quadrilles, arranged by Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, and published by Mr. J. W. Hillcoat, West Maitland. We can see that the music looks well printed and clear, but for any further test had to hand the piece over to some ladies to try it. Their verdict is that it is a very nice piece of dance music, lively and melodious, pleasant to play and easy to dance to. The tunes are adaptations of popular song tunes, principally of the Christy Minstrel songs, and some of them particularly lively, and provocative of dancing emotions.

"AUTUMNAL CONCERTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 February 1870), 3 

The first of the series of six concerts, to be given in compliance with an arrangement indicated in our last issue, took place in the hall of the School of Arts, on Tuesday evening. There was a very fair attendance . . . Mr. Marmaduke Wilson presided at the pianoforte, and Mr. Henry Prince was leader of the orchestra.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Prince (musician)

"PEACH BLOSSOMS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (23 August 1870), 2 

This is the title of a waltz just published by Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, which, like most of the productions of this composer, is marked by grace and brilliancy, while at the same time the requirements of dance music are fully met by the manner in which the rhythm of the waltz is preserved. Although the harmony is somewhat elaborate, the piece is not difficult to performers of ordinary ability, and the "Peach Blossom Waltz" will be a welcome addition to the ball-room repertoire.

[2 Advertisements], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 September 1870), 4 

PIANOFORTE TUITION. NOTICE. MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON having so far recovered from his late severe indisposition, will resume his professional duties (D. V.) on MONDAY, October 3rd . . . Address Bleak Cottage, East Maitland.

To be had at R. BLAIR'S, H. PASKINS', or of the Composer.
N.B. - Single Copies forwarded, post free, to all parts of the Colony on receipt of twenty-four 2d. stamps.
- The music trade supplied on liberal terms. Bleak Cottage, East Maitland.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Blair (musicseller); Henry Paskins (musicseller)

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. M. H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (5 November 1870), 2 

On Wednesday evening a complimentary concert was given to Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, who has been for some time past prevented from attending to the duties of his profession owing to a severe and protracted illness. It unfortunately happened that a thunderstorm came on just before the time fixed for the commencement of the entertainment, and the attendance was somewhat limited in consequence. The programme consisted of a choice selection of vocal and instrumental music, the principal performers being Herr Franz Becker, Miss Wiseman, Mrs. M. Colley, and a gentleman amateur from Newcastle. The whole programme was well rendered, and appeared to afford much enjoyment to the audience.

ASSOCIATIONS: Franz Becker (musician)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (1 October 1870), 3 

MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON having so far recovered from his late severe indisposition,
will resume his professional duties (D.V.) on MONDAY, October 3rd.
Mr. WILSON will VISIT PUPILS at their residences as usual, VIZ :
Address: Bleak Cottage, East Maitland.
Sept. 23rd, 1870.


Thursday [second day of the show] was a fine bright day, occasionally gloomed by clouds, and during the afternoon a brief shower fell. Far away in the west there was a heavy storm in the forenoon, but it did not come near the town it was holiday weather, and a large number of people made holiday accordingly, about three thousand visitors being on the ground. The publicans' and refreshment booths thrived well, and the man with the merry-go-round must have made a harvest out of the children. From the grand-stand the Volunteer Band sent forth at intervals its enlivening strains, which however were exchanged for the solemn tones of the "Gloria" as the funeral procession of the late Mr. Marmaduke Wilson came down Devonshire-street, and halted at St. Paul's Church. The incident induced not a few of the friends of the deceased to bestow a passing thought of regretful sadness upon one who was "a good fellow," well-liked by all who knew him.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1871), 1

On the 17th May, at his residence, East Maitland, MARMADUKE WILSON, Esq., Professor of Music, aged 36. English newspapers please copy.

"DEATHS", South London Chronicle [England] (12 August 1871), 6 (PAYWALL)

On the 16th May, at Maitland, New South Wales, Marmaduke Wilson, youngest son of the late Marmaduke Wilson, of No. 28, Clarges-street, Mayfair.

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 September 1871), 2

The committee of gentlemen who interested themselves in procuring a head-stone to mark the last resting place of Mr. Marmaduke Wilson, have decided upon the stone, and the design seems to us very appropriate. We understand that some further pecuniary assistance is necessary to bring the matter to a successful conclusion.

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1871), 3

We observe that several friends of the late Mr. M. H. Wilson, in recognition of his talents as a musician, and his frequent gratuitous services in the cause of charity, have clubbed together, and have erected over his grave, in the St. Mary's Cemetery, Campbell's Hill, a very neat and appropriate headstone, from the atelier of Mr. Curran, and bearing the following inscription - "Erected to the memory of Marmaduke H. Wilson, Professor of Music, died 16th May, 1871, aged 37 years." - We also observed, in another part of the grounds a similar tribute paid by his friends, also by subscription, to the memory of the late Mr. R. W. Goodall.

"MARRIAGE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (27 May 1873), 1 

On the 10th of May, at Murrurundi, by the Rev. James Niven, William Blackburn, eldest son of the late William Dixon, of Newcastle, Staffordshire, England, to Margaret, relict of the late Marmaduke H. Wilson, of Maitland.

Extant musical publications:

British editions:

The Castlerosse mazurka . . . by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London: At the Royal Musical Repository, [c. late 1840s]) 

The Ella polka . . . by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London, [1849]) 

Jeannie Deans . . . by Marmaduke Henry Wilson [words begin "Beneath the shade"] (London, [1849]) [see also Australian edition below] 

The parting word . . . by Marmaduke Henry Wilson [words begin: "I had my panting heart enslaved", by H. Lorimer] (London, [1849]) 

Prince Turveytop quadrilles . . . by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London, [1857]) 

Constance, sweet Constance, serenade, from the opera of the "Infidel knight", libretto written by Cecelia [sic] Fredericka Woods, composed and most respectfully dedicated (by permission) to Lady Keith Jackson, by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London: The Royal Musical Repository, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

Remember'st thou a sunny bow'r, ballad, from the opera of the "Infidel knight", libretto written by Cecilia Fredericka Woods, composed and most respectfully dedicated (by permission) to her grace the duchess of Bedford, by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London: The Royal Musical Repository, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

L'amour et l'amitie, valses, composed and respectfully dedicated to Mrs. John Lancaster, (Broughton,) by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (London: Cramer, Beale & Chappell, [ ]) (DIGITISED) (SOUNDFILE)

Australian editions:

The Irish emigrant quadrilles, introducing George Barker's celebrated air of the same name, composed & dedicated to his friend John Drew esq're by Marmaduke H. Wilson (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859]) [August 1859] (DIGITISED)

See also modern orchestration by Richard Divall:

Jeanie Deans, as sung with the greatest applause by Madame Carandini at the Prince of Wales Theatre, by permission respectfully dedicated to Lady Denison, written and composed by Marmaduke H. Wilson (Sydney: H. Marsh, [1859]) [October 1859] (DIGITISED)

72 anniversary schottische, composed and dedicated by permission to his excellency Sir W. T. Denison, K.C.B, by Marmaduke H. Wilson (Sydney: H. Marsh; London: Cramer, Beale, and Chappell, [1860]) [January 1860] (DIGITISED)

Our native clime, ballad, written and composed expressly for Miss Octavia Hamilton, by Marmaduke H. Wilson (Sydney: Australian Musical Bouquet Office, [1860]) [August 1860] (DIGITISED)

That young man from the country, as sung nightly with great applause by Mr. W. H. Stephens, in his new and celebrated entertainment, arranged expressly by Marmaduke Henry Wilson ([Sydney]: Alonzo Grocott, printer, [1861]) [May 1861] (DIGITISED)

That young man from the country, as sung with great applause by Mr. W. H. Stephens, arranged expressly by Marmaduke Henry Wilson (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1861]) [November 1861] (DIGITISED)

The Aberglasslyn schottische, composed by Marmaduke H. Wilson [The Maitland musical bijou, no. 5, July 1st, 1863] (West Maitland: J. W. Hillcoat, 1863) (DIGITISED)

Australia! the land of my birth, new song, the music composed by Marmaduke H. Wilson (West Maitland: J. W. Hillcoat, [1864]) [June 1864] (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"WILSON (MARMADUKE CHARLES)", in A dictionary of musicians from the earliest ages to the present time . . . vol. 2, second edition (London; John Sainsbury, 1827), 541-42 (DIGITISED)

Helen English, "Migrant musicians and their impact on the emerging music making of the Hunter Valley, 1840-1880", in Dorottya Fabian and John Napier (eds), Diversity in Australia's music: themes past, present, and for the future (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018), (73-100), 83-86 (PREVIEW)

Marmaduke Charles Wilson, WikiTree 


Musician, itinerant musician, strolling fiddler, surgeon, chemist

Active Geelong, VIC, 1848
Active Ararat, VIC, 1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The following is a list of the Company as at present constituted - . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert and James Stainsby (musicians); James Spencer Hulley (musician); Henry Deering (actor, manager); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

? "TOWN TALK", The Herald (25 February 1863), 5 

. . . at the East Collingwood Police Court yesterday . . . R. G. Wilson failed to appear in answer to a summons for maintenance, and a warrant was issued for his apprehension . . .

"DEGREDATION", The Ballarat Star (18 June 1869), 4

What a man may come to in Victoria received another illustration at the Ararat Police-court on Friday last. R. G. Wilson, a man shabbily dressed and generally in ill condition, was placed in the dock, charged with stealing a violin belonging to a "mate" with whom he had been tramping through the country as itinerant musicians. On Thursday these men dissolved their partnership and went "on the spree," and Wilson sold the instrument in question in the belief that he was authorised to do so by his comrade, but absorbed the proceeds himself. The police-magistrate dismissed him from custody, and almost immediately afterwards the two were together again "hob-nobbing" as usual. But the remarkable thing is that this man Wilson, whose manner indicates a better condition, should have descended to this vagabond life. Originally a surgeon, he subsequently became dispenser at the Melbourne Hospital, and now turns up as a strolling fiddler, living alternately upon the road and in the public-house, with no higher ambition than to get drunk as often as possible. - Ararat Advertiser.

WILSON, Thomas (Thomas WILSON)

Musical amateur, amateur musician, organ builder, solicitor, mayor of Adelaide

Born England, 5 Septeber 1787
Married Martha GREENELL, St. Andrew Undershaft, London, England, 5 October 1812
Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1838 (per Duke of Roxburgh)
Died Kensington, SA, 31 March 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Miago (Indigenous singer, dancer, musician)

WILSON, Theodore Percival (Theodore Percival WILSON; The Rev. T. P. WILSON)

Amateur musician, violinist, violin player, Anglican clergyman, school teacher

Born London, England, 2 September 1819; baptised St. Mary, Marylebone, 19 October 1819; son of Thomas WILSON and Martha GREENELL
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 28 December 1847 (per Derwent, from London)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 29 December 1852 (per Adelaide, for England)
Died Pavenham, Bedfordshire, 8 August 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (29 December 1847), 2 

Tuesday, Dec. 28th - The barque Derwent, 362 tons, McPherson, master, from London. Passengers - The Right Rev. Augustus Short, D.D., lady, five children, and two servants; Rev. Matthew Hale, two children, and two servants; Rev. A. Burnett, Rev. T. P. Wilson, Bishop's chaplain . . .

"SUMMARY FOR 'CHUSAN' STEAMER", South Australian Register (10 January 1853), 3 

The Rev. T. P. Wilson has resigned the incumbency of St. John's Church, South Adelaide, and returned to England in the Adelaide, which sailed on the 29th December.

Letter or letters, Anna Bishop, to Thomas Wilson, c. late 1856 or early 1857; MS, Borrow Collection, Flinders University Library, Special Collections (PAYWALL)

The letter (or letters, it may well be fragments of two) addressed to Thomas Wilson of Adelaide are incomplete and the fragments are not all sequential. Almost certainly not dated 30 May 1856, but more likely written and sent very late in the year (after her own Adelaide visit - 6 November to 10 December 1856) or early to mid 1857 from Melbourne.

The people are disappointed at the sudden close of the opera, as in fact opera was all the rage, but this too late, I cannot afford to lose more time in manager's quarrels so anticipate a complimentary benefit and then off to Sydney. The Carandini, Coulon & Lavenu troupe has been a complete failure, and they must return (sad to say) to their free and easy drinking saloons.

continues in foot [? leathers]. I fear the good people of Adelaide could not support a troupe, therefore myself alone would not suffice. Farquharson is giving entertainments but I do not believe he gets his expenses. He has a [terribly ? ] for his audience, he is a great disturber, so does not chime in with the Opera - he broke off [? friends] because his name was not so large as mine in the bill! Oh these great little people find their level. Now he has it as large as . . .

. . . we shall go with him, it is but 35 miles, only if it happens to be a cabin [ . . . ] in there again I think. - There is no opportunity of sending a line to [him?], before the "White Swan" which passed here this evening on its way to Melbourne. I hope this will find you all [?] and your family all the better for their nighly excursions to Whites! - If you still keep the idea of a "souvenir" from Adelaide for me I would have you write a note to the Brothers Henriques of North Adelaide. They came on the same steamer with me and I should say they would contribute their pound a piece, beside, being in Melbourne, as the brothers also [page] contributed to to the Melbourne bracelet. I know it would be [urged ?] there. They are [?] Melbourne for two months with the wife & child. It is at a new Hotel where we give our concerts, belonging to the proprietor of the one we are in, a splendid situation to make a fortune - and they are most kind people, the Scotch [? ]. I should be obliged by your presenting my compliments to Mrs. Tomkinson and to say how sorry I was to leave in such a hurry without paying my respects to Mrs. T., but you know I was so ill all the morning - [initial?] spoke to me of the "Fire" [?] and I told him you would arrange all that with him. Now my dear Sir, I must come to another conclusion . . .

. . . to give you a [line?] I shall be back on Wednesday. I shall write to very fair correspondents soon, please give very kindest regards to all and believe me Y[our]s very sincerely
Anna Bishop.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop (vocalist); Maria Carandini (vocalist); Emile Coulon (vocalist); Lewis Henry Lavenu (musical director); Robert Farquharson (vocalist)

"THE LATE MR. THOMAS WILSON", South Australian Register (7 April 1863), 2

Death has removed another old colonist - one who may well be ranked amongst the pilgrim fathers of South Australia, and remembered as one of the most active of our many citizens. Mr. Thomas Wilson, whore decease took place at the residence of his son, Mr. C. A. Wilson on Tuesday, 31st March, arrived in this colony in 1838. He was for many years partner in the firm of Smart and Wilson, solicitors, and at the time of his death was the oldest member of the legal profession in South Australia . . .

He was in early youth sent to Germany to be educated, and he there acquired, with an extensive knowledge of the classics, an acquaintance with seven modern languages. He there also cultivated his natural taste for the fine arts - a taste which he retained and cherished throughout his long and active life . . . Music had in Mr. Wilson an enthusiastic student, and he attained considerable practical skill in organ-building. This was with him a favourite recreation at his town residence, and he there planned and named the Clarabella stop.

As an author Mr. Wilson is favourably known to the literary world by his "Catalogue of an Amateur" and his "Illustrated Catalogue of the Works of Rembrandt;" also by his "Shakspeare Illustrated," which was valued at 1,000 guineas. In this colony he published several poems, remarkable for their sparkling imagery and polished versification. He was a keen but kindly observer of passing events, and, as a prose-writer, delighted in that good-natured satire which loves to play, not wound. We know that there are several unpublished compositions upon which Mr. Wilson expended considerable care and attention. Fortunately, he has left sons who are fully competent to collect and edit a complete issue of his literary works.

"LOCAL COURT - ADELAIDE. THURSDAY, JUNE 4. FULL JURISDICTION . . . JURY CASE. WISHART V. PERYMAN", The South Australian Advertiser (5 June 1863), 3 

[Before Mr. Commissioner Macdonald, and Mr. R. R. Turner, S.M.
Action for slander. Mr. Andrews for the plaintiff, and the Attorney-General for the defendant . . .
Mr. Andrews . . . addressed the Jury, stating that the defendant had circulated a slander in reference to the plaintiff, as follows: -

"Mr. Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman both passed the night in the same bedroom with Mrs. Wishart at Koepke's Hotel, Gawler Town, and she is such an infamous character that I (Catherine [sic] Peryman) have refused to sing with her at concerts, and none of the lady singers will sing with her." Also, "that Mr. Walters saw Mrs. Wishart home from the Railway Station to Norwood, and passed the night with her," which the plaint was maliciously uttered to injure the plaintiff in her profession as a singer. Mr. Andrews explained to the Jury that the plaintiff was a young lady occupied as a public singer, and singing at concerts were the chief means by which public singers were supported. The plaintiff in that case was a widow, and having been deprived of her natural guardian, now sought the interference of the Jury for the infamous slander levelled at her by the defendant, because, having been deprived of the protection of her husband, if she did not get the support of the Jury she would be liable at any time to similar slanders by any one like the defendant, jealous of her professional attainments. From the evidence he should be able to produce, the Jury would see that it was mere jealousy which had urged the defendant to the utterance of her slanders, and so reducing her in public estimation. To prove that it was through jealousy that Mrs. Peryman had attacked the character of Mrs. Wishart he would mention that after sining together for a long time, on one particular occasion, which happened at Gawler Town, Mrs. Wishart was particularly successful, and every song which she sung was encored by the audience, and Mrs. Peryman was one of the singers, but was not so well received. Before that occasion they had both been on the most harmonious terms, but so soon as Mrs. Wishart met with that great success then Mrs. Peryman began to slander her, and therefore it was clear that the slander arose out of that circumstance, prompted alone by her wicked jealousy. It appeared that the slander had crept very quietly into circulation, for the plaintiff heard nothing about it till it was communicated through a Mrs. Hill, who met Mrs. Peryman at a Mr. Powler's, where a conversation took place between them about some remarks made by Mr. Wilson, now deceased, a gentleman possessed of great musical taste, and taking interest in the musical talent of the colony and in the habit of frequenting concerts. Mrs. Hill was remarking that Mr. Wilson had put on Mrs. Wishart's shawl for her at a concert, when Mrs. Peryman said she was surprised Mr. Wilson should have anything to say to Mrs. Wishart as she was such a bad woman, and that Mrs. Peat, Mrs. Wishart's aunt, had told her that her son Thomas was keeping Mrs. Wishart, and that she was not a widow, but her husband was now living, and had left her through her infamous conduct . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Susannah Wishart (vocalist); Caroline Peryman (vocalist); Carl Schmitt (violinist); Linly Norman (pianist)

Bibliography and resources:

"Wilson, Thomas (1787-1863)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

S. C. Wilson and K. T. Borrow, The bridge over the ocean: Thomas Wilson (1787-1863), art collector and mayor of Adelaide (Adelaide: [Authors], 1973)

[204] . . . Written in 1849, the Diary of Mrs. Sam. Phillips, on a visit to Bishop Short, from Western Australia, is a valuable description of life at Bishop's Palace, Bishop's Place, Kensington . . . Later on the year, an entry shows that: "Mrs. Allom and Mr. [T. P.] Wilson spent the day with us and brought his violin." Of the Rev. T. P. Wilson's musical ability, Bishop Short had once commented that: "Mr. Wilson accompanied Mrs. Short on the violin which he plays well", and later stated that "he is Precentor" (presumably at Christ Church, North Adelaide) "being well-skilled in music" . . .

[317] Select items lent by the Wilson family to the Centennial Exhibition of Historical Records, 1836-1936, Adelaide, 1936 . . .
11. Music, "Advance Australia". National song composed by Ferdinand Draeger, words by Charles Barton (lithographed by Penman & Galbraith, n.d.) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Ferdinand Draeger (composer); Charles Hastings Barton (lyrics); Penman and Galbraith (printers)

Thomas Wilson: miscellaneous articles and lectures [compiled by the National Gallery of Australia Research Library]

WILSON, Thomas (Thomas WILSON)

Vocalist, Irish vocalist, delineator

Active VIC, 1858-64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (30 August 1858), 3 

Mr. Wilson, who sings Irish comic songs with much humor and force, is the chief attraction at this popular place of amusement. Miss Spiden sings Scottish ballads very nicely, and is generally much applauded. The European Band still retain their popularity. The entertainment is varied by very tolerable athletic performances, by one Professor Sampson. Mr. Piper is the accompanyist, and manages his business with great tact and skill.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alice Spiden (vocalist); Edward John Piper (pianist); Star Concert Hall (Ballarat venue)

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (1 November 1858), 3 

The indomitable Wilson has made some considerable additions to his repertoire of songs. "The O'Callaghans," "The Irish Haymaker," and "Gramachree," were sung on Saturday night with that peculiar comic effect few beside Mr. Wilson know how to produce. Miss Spiden sings a varied collection of Scotch and Irish songs in a manner that is very pleasant to hear. Mr. White continues to maintain the high character his vocal powers have of old obtained for him. The European Band have succumbed to the desire for novelty, and play some of Mercadante's music with remarkable skill. The attendance is first-rate.

ASSOCIATIONS: M. W. White (vocalist, serenader); European Band (group)

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . BALLAARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (16 April 1859), 2 

. . . At the Star, Mr. Wilson, the comic Irish singer, has been a great source of attraction.

? [Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (24 December 1859), 8 

On THURSDAY, FRIDAY, and SATURDAY, 22nd, 23rd, and 24 th inst., During which period
A SERIES OF PEOPLE'S CONCERTS, a la JULLIEN, Will be held each evening in The VESTIBULE.
Artistes engaged . . . Mr. MARMADUKE WILSON [sic], (The Inimitable comic vocalist) . . .
Musical arrangements by Mr. JOHN GREGG. Conductor - HERR SIEDE.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gregg (musical director); Julius Siede (accompanist); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

DISAMBIGUATION: Marmaduke Henry Wilson (pianist, active only in NSW)

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (1 March 1860), 2 

Last evening Mr. Wilson, the renowned delineator of Irish character, made his first appearance, and notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, had a numerous audience, and beyond that, satisfied all present that he was the right man in the right place. This gentleman is a really clever vocalist, and far surpassed the favourable idea that we had entertained of him. Miss Bartley again amused us with her delightful strains, and Miss Anna Celia in her terpsichorean and vocal efforts received much applause. Mr. Dixon is now an established favorite, and was well received. Great credit is due also to Mr. King, who presided over the piano, and Mr. Watts the violinist. The Star Concert Troupe achieved a great triumph last night under difficulties. This evening they again perform, and should the weather be more propitious we anticipate a large assemblage to listen to their songs and dissertations . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Bartley (vocalist); Anna Celia (vocalist, dancer); Frederick Dixon (vocalist); James Watts (violinist); Alfred Edward King (pianist); Star Theatre (Beechworth venue)

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (19 November 1860), 3 

Proprietor - Mr. D. Symons. Stage Manager - Mr. T. Wilson.
THIS EVENING, MONDAY, And during the week,
Together with the much admired ballad singer, Miss Emma Warde.
Negro Melodies, Breakdowns, Banjo Solos, and Ethiopian Burlesques.
Hibernian Delineations by our old favorite, MR. T. WILSON.
Miss Emma Ward in entire new songs nightly.
Change of Performance nightly. Pit, 1s; boxes, 2s; dress circle, 3s.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma Ward (vocalist); Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (8 January 1862), 1 

On which occasion the complete Opera of IL TROVATORE . . . will be played positively for the last time . . .
SIGNORA GIOVANNINA BIANCHI Will appear in her grand character of AZUCENA . . .
Mr. TOM WILSON, in IRISH CHARACTER, who will sing, Paddy's Wedding, the Fall of Waterloo, and Widow Machree.
After which the celebrated last act of RIGOLETTO . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi (vocalists); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 August 1863), 8 

CONCERTS ATTENDED by Thomas Wilson, Irish vocalist. Earl of Zetland Hotel, Stanley-street, Collingwood.

[2 advertisements], The Argus (25 August 1863), 8 

ROYAL CHARTER MUSIC-HALL - Mr. TOM WILSON will appear in some of his favourite Irish characters.
ROYAL CHARTER HOTEL, Bourke-street. - Mr. BURGESS, the Champion Dancer of the colony, will appear nightly.
ROYAL CHARTER MUSIC HALL. - Mr. MARTIN, the best tenor singer in the colony, will appear to-night . . .
ROYAL CHARTER MUSIC-HALL. - Miss HARTLEY, the admired soprano, will appear to night.
ROYAL CHARTER CONCERT-HALL.- TOM WILSON, Irish comic vocalist, will appear at [?] o'clock this evening.

UNION CONCERT-HALL. - TOM WILSON will appear at quarter post 8 this evening.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 December 1864), 1 

TOM WILSON, IRISH VOCALIST and DUETIST, open to ENGAGEMENT for two weeks only. 20 Brunswick-street

WILSON, Thomas Braidwood (Thomas Braidwood WILSON)

Explorer, Indigenous culture reporter

Born West Lothian, Scotland, 1792; baptised Kirknewton, 29 April 1792; son of James WILSON and Catherine ?
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, May 1822 (per Richmond)
Died Braidwood, NSW, 11 November 1843 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Wilson's gave an account of meetings with Aboriginal people of the Coburg Peninsula region (NT) in January and August 1829, that included several mentions of Indigenous and European dances and singing, Dibdin's song Jolly Dick the lamplighter, fiddling (by the ship's fiddler), a musical snuff-box, and most notably the earliest published European accounts of an ebero, or dijeridu (didgeridoo).


Narrative of a voyage round the world; comprehending an account of the wreck of the ship "Governor Ready", in the Torres Straits; a description of the British settlements on the coasts of New Hollans . . . also, the manners and customs of the Aboriginal tribes . . . by T. B. Wilson, M.D. surgeon R.N., member of the Royal Geographical Society (London: Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper, 1835), especially 87, 96, 104, 211, and 319 (DIGITISED)

[87] . . . At this time, there happened to be a misunderstanding between [Captain Barker] and Miago, on account of jealousy, for Miago had lately become rather a favourite in the camp; and, consequently, received many a piece of old iron hoop, and even two or three nails, and other presents: these favours were far from being relished by Wellington, who occasionally got sulky; as he wished himself to be the only source through which any of his subjects should receive favours: but the present of the canoe had put him into such good humour, that he resolved to gratify us with a dance. In the evening, a large fire was kindled just before the fort, and the natives danced round it with great vigour and spirit, to the music, produced by one of their party from a long hollow tube. Dr. Davis joined them, but although he might "keep time" correctly enough for a civilized ball-room, yet he fell short in that necessary part, at least to a savage ear; so they, in very polite terms, requested that he would not [88] fatigue himself, but stand and look at them. Lieutenant Weston, of the East India Company's service, took a very spirited and correct sketch of this singular performance. Wellington did not dance himself, being busily employed in persuading us that Miago was only a Mandrowillie, and therefore not entitled to so much attention. After the dance, they were all regaled with a mess of rice, of which they are very fond . . .

Dance at Raffles Bay, August 1829

Plate after page 88 (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

[98] . . . They were much amused by a musical snuff-box: Mimaloo, in particular, paid great attention to it; at first, the "stops" seemed to confound him; but he soon started up, and, with Marambal, danced a waltz in a manner that astonished us. Captain Laws then sent for the ship's fiddler; who turned to, con amorey with a favourite half-deck tune. After having heard it once, Dr. Davis, Marambal, and Mimaloo, began the dance: the Doctor was soon obliged to give in; but the two natives continued, with [99] undiminished spirit, and intuitive skill, to perform feats worthy of, and receiving, unbounded applause. All the natives keep exceedingly correct time; and, if dancing consists in easy and gracefully varied positions of the body, the civilised professors of that useful art might have profited by the skill of the sable Mimaloo. At length, from the fiddler's elbow becoming tired, the music ceased . . . (DIGITISED)

[104] . . . In a short time, off came my friend Miago, who expressed much satisfaction at seeing me; he was accompanied by several others, who received a hearty welcome. The tide in a short time fell so much, that the yawl was aground, and we could walk on shore without difficulty. We all did so, and found many of the natives assembled, and Captain Barker in the midst of them. We learned that Wooloogary, the King, was absent, with a number of his people, catching turtle. His brother, Wadiea, a placid-looking old man, dressed in a shirt, (which I recognised as having formerly belonged to me,) received us very politely, and was presented by Captain Barker with a hatchet, - an article which is held in the highest estimation. The women were at some distance, and we were promised a sight of them, if we remained until next morning; but although desirous of obtaining a glimpse of the sable beauties, we did not take advantage of their offer, which in all probability was not sincere. To amuse us, as well as themselves, they turned to, and danced away with much mirth and glee round a large fire, to their own musical instrument, the ebero . . . (DIGITISED)

[211] . . . We halted here a little, and took some refreshment, in which the natives joined. Lieutenant Everard taught one of them the song named "Jolly Dick," and he appeared very apt, pronouncing every word very distinctly, except "fiddlestick," which he could make no hand of. They appeared exceedingly quick in imitating our sounds, as they repeated very distinctly after us (and which was rather laughable), "Let us keep together in case of treachery;" "They are not to be trusted," &c. . . . (DIGITISED)

[319] . . . Ebero - Their musical instrument . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Alice M. Moyle, "The Australian didjeridu: a late musical intrusion", World archaeology 12/3 (February 1981), 321-31 (PAYWALL)

Collet Barker, journal at Fort Wellington, 29 January 1829, ed. in John Mulvaney and Neville Green (eds), Commandant of solitude: the journals of Captain Collet Barker 1828-1831 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press, 1992), 113, and David Nash, "'It's etymology Captain, but not as we know it': pump in North Australia", in Diana Santos, Krister Lindén, Wanjiku Ng'ang'a (eds) Shall we play the Festschrift game?: essays on the occasion of Lauri Carlson's 60th birthday (Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2012), 12 (PREVIEW)

[29 January 1829] . . . Mago [sic, Miago] had brought a kind of musical instrument, a large hollow can about 3 feet long bent at one end. From [this] he produced two or three low & tolerably clear & loud notes, answering to the tune of didoggery whoan, & he accompanied Alobo with this while he and his treble. The Dr. & some others were beating time with their hands during the first song, & when the second was going to being Mago begged they would not add their accompaniment . . .

WILSON, Thomas George (Thomas George WILSON; T. G. WILSON)

Amateur musician, music copyist

Born Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, 30 June 1819; son of Roger Williamson WILSON (1790-1857) and Eliza GIBSON (c. 1789-1874)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1840
Married Ellen Vaughan THOMPSON, Christ church, Sydney, NSW, 23 April 1845
Died Armidale, NSW, 15 January 1883 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 April 1845), 2 

On the 23rd instant, at St. Lawrence Church, by the Rev. Mr. Walsh, Thomas G. Wilson, Esq., youngest son of Lieutenant-Colonel R. W. Wilson, C.B., H.E.I.C.S., to Ellen, eldest daughter of John V. Thompson, Esq., Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals, &c., &c., Sydney.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1883), 1 

WILSON. - January 15, at Armidale, Thomas George Wilson, of Willesbro, Rolland's Plains, Port Macquarie, aged 63 years.


Thomas George Wilson, diary and account book, 1865-72; Port Macquarie Historical Society, PMHS: WIL/1/1; transcript of diary of Thomas George Wilson, Clifton, Port Macquarie 

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY, 20TH 1867 . . . Copied music for Mrs. W. in the Evg. . . .

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY, 21ST 1867 . . . Copied music all the morning and made a music manuscript book for myself . . .

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27th 1867 . . . Mrs. W. & I did the mangling . . . sorted my newspapers and copied music . . .

THURSDAY 28TH February, 1867 . . . Copied music all the morg. feel disinclined to do anything else . . .
Copying more music in Evening - & making me too disinclined to go to my room to read before going to bed. God forgive me! but I feel as if I was not fit to study his word - tired & sleepy & weary as I am.

THURSDAY 7TH MARCH, 1867 . . . Saw Misses Fraser - gave Miss Mary music for Louie Brown.

FRIDAY 29TH MARCH, 1867 . . . Drove in to Town with Perrott & Ellie - to dine with Dr. Parsons & to hear Mr. Meyrick (?) play on the organ - went to the church where he was performing, but did not like the idea of making the church a concert room: The audiences sitting in the pews talking on indifferent subjects - so left . . .

TUESDAY 4TH JUNE, 1867 . . . Webster out here tuning the piano - and remained the whole night fiddling. Had a house full, but plenty thank God for all.

FRIDAY 30TH AUGUST, 1867 . . . Went to old house - & got in - and walked off with the piano - belong. to Mrs. Day - George & Henry carrying it on a pole & I carrying the stool & gun.

SUNDAY 8TH SEPTEMBER, 1867 - 12 aft Trin[ity] . . . After bkfast (Roger having gone into his Sunday School) we made a start for Church, but had not got 200 yards before it came on - blowing quite a hurricane & very cold - so we turned back - and did not go to church all day - was tired & weary today - and felt a good deal of pain in my hand & arm. Roger read a sermon & chapter &prayer in Evg. Marie played "Rownans Oram" for us to sing "Rock of Ages" to - but no regular service. Very boisterous & wet all day.

WILSON, William (William WILSON; W. WILSON)

Engraver, printer, music cover engraver, ? music engraver

Born UK, c. 1792
Married Elizabeth RICHARDSON (d. 1874), c. 1820/21
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1828 (assisted immigrant per Arab, from London, 23 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 June 1867, aged "75" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Sydney Wilson (son); Joseph Pearson (son-in-law)


Wilson is connected with only three music prints. The first, advertised at New Year 1836, was Thomas Stubbs's The minstrel waltz for 1836, no surviving copy of which has yet been identified.

The second print was The red-coat quadrilles, published by Francis Ellard, perhaps as early as 1839/40, the cover copperplate engraving of which is inscribed: "Wilson, York St."

The third print was La militaire quadrilles, by Jonah Daniell, first released in February 1848, the cover engraving of which is likewise inscribed: "Wilson, York St."

La militaire quadrilles, cover, engraving signed: Wilson, York St.

La militaire quadrilles, selected from the airs of various nations harmonized and arranged for the piano forte and most respectfully dedicated by permission to the lady of his excellency Major General Wynyard, C.B., commander of her majesty's forces in New South Wales by J. Daniell (Rushcutter's Bay: [Author], [1848]); cover: "Wilson, York St."

Another copy at State Library of New South Wales (Q786.4/Mu4); photocopy at National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1828), 3

W. WILSON, having lately arrived in this Colony, begs to inform the Public, that he Engraves Card, Bill, and Inscription Plates of all kinds; Crests, Mottos, and Cyphers, on Plate, Ivory, &c., Dog Collars, Harness and Door Plates; Printing Plates for marking bales and packages, and all sorts of Engraving on Steel or Iron.
Also, Sign Boards, Show Glasses, and Bills for shop Windows, Transparencies, and other ornamental Work neatly painted.
W. W. wishes for no other recommendation than what his Workmanship, moderate Prices, and attention to Business, may carry with them, feeling confident, that those who may favour him with a Trial, will honour him with their future Patronage.
George-street, next Door to Dr. CONNOLLY'S, nearly opposite the Barracks.

[Advertisement], The Colonist (1 January 1835), 8

RETURNS his sincere thanks to his patrons for their liberal encouragement since his arrival in the Colony, and hopes that his assiduity in business may insure the continuance of their favors - wishes to become a little more acquainted with those who have not yet favoured him with their orders, and begs to inform the public generally, that the following are executed with NEATNESS AND DESPATCH.
Card, invoice and copper-plates of every description; door and harness plates; coats of arms; crests and cyphers on plate, ivory, &c., gun locks, steel punches and dies; official seals and stamps; bookbinder's tools; small models for fine casting; crests and raised letters for carriage harness, &c.; wood cuts for embellishing letter-press; plates for marking wool bags, &c.; motto rings; watch and clock dials, bright cutting;
GOLD AND SILVER CHASING; COPPER-PLATE PRINTING, &c. &c. - Undertakers' Invitation Cards.
A constant supply of Bills of lading, Exchange, Promissory Notes and Receipts, by the book, set or any number required.
Also, Prisoners' Passes, &c. &c. always on sale.

"THE MINSTREL WALTZ", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1836), 3

Rarely have we been more truly gratified at any literary present, than by this unique New Year's Offering to the Muses. The composer of the piece is Mr. Thomas Stubbs. The artist who engraved and printed it is Mr. Wilson, of Hunter-Street, Sydney. We do not say too much when we set down this little work as a chef d'ouvre in its way, considered as a Colonial production, and the first thing of the kind yet published here. Did it not possess all the merit of composition and ingenuity that it does, we should still applaud it as opening a way for the fine arts into New South Wales, of which, the composer, Mr. Stubbs, is a Native, and the engraver a Colonist of some years. No lady in the Colony should be without "The Minstrel Waltz."

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1867), 1

On the 29th June, at his late residence, 394, Pitt-street South, Mr. WILLIAM WILSON, engraver, aged 75 years.


Mr. F. A. S. Wilson, writing from Doncaster-avenue, Kensington, under date April 16, 1922. says: -
"Referring to your remarks in to-day's 'Truth' (16.4.22) about my grandfather, Mr. William Wilson, the pioneer engraver, I am not sure of the date of his death, but it must be about 50 years ago, and he was buried in the Old Devonshire-street Cemetery, as far as I know. There are, or should be, in the Mitchell Library some very fine specimens of his work, as the founder of the library had a fair collection. In the olden days, when gold and silver currency was scarce, the merchants used to issue their own £1 notes, and I think that I am right in saying that they were all engraved by my grandfather. At that time the use of machinery for the scroll and background work was unknown; every bit of the plate being engraved by hand, and these old specimens are as beautifully fine as the present-day machine-made notes. Mr. Mitchell was very anxious to get the original plates, if possible, and asked me to try and find them; but they must have corroded and worn away, as I could never trace them. The Thomas Wilson you mention as carrying on business as an engraver, chaser, etc., at 6 Park-street, was my uncle, and the eldest son. Another uncle of mine was the late Archdeacon Wilson. He was for many years a journalist, and edited the now defunct Illustrated Sydney News for many years, until he deserted the pen for the pulpit. He published a volume of Poems and Songs in March 1870. The book was printed and bound in full cloth by Gibbs, Shallard and Co., and the general formation and binding will compare more than favorably with any of the productions of modern times. I am interested in your remarks about Governor Darling, and suppose that I have made a mistake in the name of the particular Governor who used to call in to see the engraving done; the facts were told to me by my uncles when I was a boy, so I suppose that I have got a bit mixed with the names. The bookseller of the day, William Moffatt, was the founder of the business now known as W. C. Penfold and Co., printers and stationers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist); William Moffitt (bookseller)

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 243-44 (DIGITISED)

"William H. Wilson", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Publican, hotel keeper, licensed victualler, convict

Born Walcot, Bath, Somerset, England, 1817; baptised Walcot St. Swithin, 11 May 1817; son of William WILTON and Lucy PHILLIPS
Tried London, England, 11 May 1840 (10 years)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 July 1842 (convict per Susan, from London, 21 April 1842)
Married Margaret McCARTHY, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 15 October 1846
Died Launceston, 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Walcot in the County of Somerset in the year 1817; register 1813-20, page 142; Somerset Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1133 / Henry son of / William & Lucy / Wilton / Walcot Buildings / Baker . . .

Trial of Henry Wilton, 11 May 1840; Old Bailey online 

1500. HENRY WILTON was indicted for feloniously assaulting James Dixon, on the 13th of May, putting him in fear, and taking from his person, and against his will, 1 watch, value 8l.; 1 watch-chain, value 8s.; and 1 watch-key, value 1s.; his goods . . .
JANE HAWKINS - My husband is a soldier in the 2nd battalion of Scotch Fusileer Guards, on duty at the Tower - the prisoner belongs to that regiment . . .
GUILTY. Aged 22. - Transported for Ten Years.

Convict record, Henry Wilton, per Susan, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1447936; CON33/1/24$init=CON33-1-24p268 (DIGITISED)

5950 / Wilton Henry / Tried C. C. Court 11th May 1840 10 yrs / Emb'd 14th April 1842 Arr'd 24th July 1842 / Protestant can read and write / Trade Baker / 6 ft / 25 . . . / 16th January 1846 Ticket of Leave / Conditional Pardon Approved 20th November 1847

1846, marriages in the district of George Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:833957; RGD37/1/5 no 362 (DIGITISED)

No. 9 [362] / 15th Octob'r 1846 Church George Town / Henry Wilton / 29 / Ticket of Leave
Margaret McCarthy / 20 / Free . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (25 March 1857), 5 

Glee Club and Harmonic Society.
IN the present dearth of rational and sociable amusement, Mr. Wilton, of the Plough Inn, Charles-street, purposes opening his rooms for the formation of a Glee and Orpheus Club.
A preliminary meeting will be held at the above inn on Friday evening, the 27th inst.,
at 8 o'clock, when the attendance of gentlemen is particularly invited.
Henry Wilton,
March 26.

ASSOCIATIONS: Glee clubs (generic)

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (14 March 1863), 4 

Died on Wednesday, the 11th last., of disease of the heart, Mr. Henry Wilton, aged 46 years, deeply regretted by a large circle of friends. The funeral will leave his late residence, Black Horse Inn, Wellington-street, on Saturday (this) afternoon at 4 o'clock, when friends are respectfully invited to attend. - JOHN SIMPSON, undertaker.

Bibliography and resources:

Henry Wilton, Convict records 

WILTON, John Hall (John HALL; alias John Hall WILTON; J. H. WILTON)

Theatrical and musical agent, promoter, songwriter, lyricist, author

Born c. 1820; son of John HALL ("hatter")
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 22 February 1855 (per Pacific, from Plymouth, 25 November)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 25 November 1855 (per James Baines, for Liverpool)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 24 November 1860 (per Empress of the Sea, from Liverpool, 6 September)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 26 August 1861 (per Benares, for Marseilles)
Arrived (3) Melbourne, VIC, 31 March 1862 (per Star of India, from Liverpool, 23 December 1861)
Died Sydney, NSW, 17/18 December 1862, aged "42/43" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WILTON, Henry Dolan (Henry DOLAN, alias Henry Dolan WILTON)

Theatrical and musical agent, promoter

Born c. 1842
Arrived (first) Melbourne, VIC, 24 November 1860 (per Empress of the Sea, from Liverpool, 6 September)
Departed (last) Sydney, NSW, 15 January 1866 (per Otago, for California, via New Zealand)
Died Blackpool, Lancashire, England, November 1871 (in his "29th year"); buried South Shore, Blackpool, 7 November 1871, aged "30" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

John Hall Wilton

John Hall Wilton (Ward family collection, State Library of New South Wales, with thanks to Allister Hardiman)


"AN EXTENSIVE THEATRICAL ENGAGEMENT. - G. V. BROOKE AND MR. COPPIN, THE AUSTRALASIAN MANAGER", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (10 November 1854), 7 

We learn from positive authority that Mr. G. V. Brooke has made an engagement with Mr. G. Coppin, through Mr. J. H. Wilton. to proceed to the colonies and act 200 nights, Mr. Coppin securing to him ten thousand pounds, in addition to the expanse of himself and four. Miss Fanny Cathcart accompanies the eminent tragedian . . . And a contract has been entered into with Messrs. Fox and Henderson for the construction of an iron theatre, 120 by 41, which will sail with G. V. Brooke, complete in every way; it will cost about £5,000. This certainly looks like business. Mr. Brooke, Mrs. Brooke, Miss Cathcart, Mr. W. N. Lyons [sic], accompanied by Mr. Wilton, will sail in the new steamer Pacific on 4th October. - Atlas.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gustavus Vaughan Brooke (actor, manager); Fanny Cathcart (actor); George Coppin (actor, manager); Coppin's Olympic (Melbourne venue)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (23 February 1855), 4 

February 22 - Pacific, S. S., 985 tons. W. C. Thompson, Commander, from Plymouth 25th November, via Cape of Good Hope and King George's Sound. Passengers - saloon: for Melbourne - Miss Cathcart . . . Mr. and Mrs. G. V. Brooke and two servants . . . Messrs. . . . Wilton, Lyons . . .

"Publication Received", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (4 May 1855), 2 

THE FIRST CRIME; or, True Friendship, by J. R Wilton, Author of "The Outcast," "Scenes in a Soldier's Life," "The Deserters," &c. &c. London, Piper, Stephenson and Spence, 23, Paternoster Row . . .

WORKS: The first crime; or, True friendship (Wilton; see biographical sketch in preface

[Advertisement], The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (9 July 1855), 3 

MR. J. H. WILTON begs most respectfully to intimate that his agency with Mr. G. V. Brooke having terminated, he purposes returning to Europe at an early date, and is prepared to receive commissions, and need hardly say that, such as he may be honored with will have, his moot careful and punctual attention.
Mr. J. H. W. has great satisfaction in quoting the undermentioned parties of celebrity to whom he has kind permission to refer, and with whom he has had the honor of being most successfully associated.
Madlle Jenny Lind Goldsmidt - Berlin
Jules Benedict, Esq - London
Giovanni Belletti - Do
G. V. Brooke, Esq - Sydney
Mons. Jullien - London
E. L. Smith - Theatre Royal Drury Lane - Do
Madame Celeste - Do
Miss Charlotte Cushman - Do
J. W. Wallack, Esq - Do
P. T. Barnum, Esq - New York
M. Tussaud - London
E. Hughes, Esq - Liverpool
E. P. Christy, Esq - New York
M. Jacobs, Esq - Melbourne
J. Tonks, Esq - Birmingham
S. C. Jollie, Esq - New York
Professor Anderson - London
Messrs. Distin and Sons - Do
A. Torning, Esq - Sydney
E. Glover, Esq - Glasgow
W. F. Wallet, Esq - London
Miss Laura Keene - California
Professor Lee - Do
J. Valentine, Esq - New Orleans
T. Barry, Esq - Boston
E. A. Marshall - New York
And very many others.
Communications to be addressed until the 23rd instant to J. H. Wilton, Hockin's Hotel, Melbourne.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jenny Lind (vocalist); Julius Benedict (composer, conductor); Louis Jullien (conductor); Madame Celeste (dancer); Phineas Taylor Barnum (entrepreneur); Edwin Pearce Christy (minstrel serenader); Joseph Jacobs (magician); John Distin and sons (sax-horn players); Andrew Torning (manager)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Hobart Town Advertiser (10 August 1855), 2 

The Lessee has much please in announcing . . .
EMMA WALLER, with MR. D. W. WALLER, and MR. TUTHILL . . . On MONDAY next, 13th August . . .
To conclude with the very popular musical comedietta,
THE LOAN OF A LOVER. Peter Spyk, Mr. J. H. Wilton; Swyzel, Mr. Tuthil;
Gertrude, Mrs. Waller; in which character she will sing the duet with Peter, "Tomorrow will be market day;"
song, "I don't think I'm ugly;" ballad, "They marched thro' the town;"
the celebrated song, "I've no money;" and the finale, "He's mide" [sic] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma and Daniel Waller (vocalist and actor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Hobart venue)

MUSIC: Tomorrow will be market day (tune: "Dutch air")

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1855), 5 

Last evening, Lady Denison and family and suite honoured this theatre with their presence . . . Mrs. Waller sang - Alexander Lee's ballad, of "Meet me by Moonlight Alone," accompanying herself on the harp, which was presented to her at Hobart Town; The "Bird Song," written expressly for her by Mr. J. H. Wilton; the music by Mr. Winterbottom; "The Last Rose of Summer," accompanied by herself on the guitar; and the famous Manson de Valse, "When Harmony awakens," in which Maria Foote, afterwards the Countess of Harrington, first established herself in the favour of the audiences of Covent Garden Theatre . . . The accompaniments to the vocal selections by the orchestra of the Theatre, conducted by Mr. Winterbottom, and led by Mr. John Gibbs, were performed in that excellent style which so particularly distinguishes the musical arrangements of this Theatre.

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Denison (wife of governor); John Winterbottom (composer, conductor); John Gibbs (violin, leader); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], Empire [Sydney, NSW] (20 October 1855), 1 

MONDAY AND TUESDAY NEXT, October 22 and 23, as a mark of the high sense entertained for the zeal, urbanity, and spirit manifested in his management; for which occasion
Mrs. EMMA WALLER, Mr. WALLER, Mr. TUTHILL, (being positively their last appearance, as they proceed to Melbourne on Wednesday) . . .
On TUESDAY EVENING the Performances will commence with the Operetta of the DAUGHTER OF THE REGIMENT, embracing a most powerful caste . . .
To be followed by the elegant Comedietta of PERFECTION, OR THE LADY OF MUNSTER.
Charles Paragon - Mr. Waller. Kate O'Brien - Mrs. Emma Waller, in which she will sing -
"Meet Me by Moonlight," accompanying herself on the Harp presented to her in Hobart Town.
"The Bird Song," written expressly for Mrs. Waller, by Mr. J. H. Wilton; the Music by Mr. Winterbottom, and published by Johnson, Pitt-street.
"The Last Rose of Summer," accompanying herself on the Guitar.
The celebrated "Waltzing Song," Orchestral accompaniment . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Jonathan Johnson (musicseller, publisher)

[Advertisement], Empire (26 November 1855), 6

THE BIRD SONG. - M. WINTERBOTTOM. - Sung by Mrs. Emma Waller, now ready. 2s. 6d. JOHNSON AND CO.

"MORE ACTORS FOR AUSTRALIA", The Age (26 June 1856), 3 

It will be recollected that about a month ago Mr. J. H. Wilton, by landing from the James Baines in a fishing-boat on the Irish coast, effected a promulgation of the safe arrival of that vessel, and the leading features of the Australian news in Liverpool some days before they could have been made known by the ship's entering the port. Mr. Wilton has received some flattering acknowledgment from the owners and captain of the vessel for the services which his tact and energy rendered, Part of Mr. Wilton's business in Europe was the organizing of an effective theatrical corps for Australia, which we understand he has successfully arranged. Among the artists in this profession who are at once about to visit Australia under this arrangement are, we understand, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. S. Norman [sic], Miss Fitzpatrick, and many others. Mr. Black, proprietor and builder of the large theatre in Melbourne, returns at the same time . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); William Hoskins (actor, manager, Harland's husband); Linly Norman (pianist, musical director); John Melton Black (proprietor); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. HOBSON'S BAY . . . ARRIVED. NOVEMBER 24", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (26 November 1860), 4 

Empress of the Sea, Black Ball ship, 1,649 tons, John Threlkell Bragg, from Liverpool 6th September. Passengers - cabin . . . J. H. Wilton, H. D Wilton . . .

"PRESENTATION TO MR. J. H. WILTON", Empire (27 June 1861), 4 

A large party of the friends and admirers of this eminent theatrical agent accompanied him yesterday afternoon, on board the City of Sydney (in which he had taken his passage for Melbourne), for the purpose of presenting him with a testimonial. Shortly after their arrival on board the steamer, they assembled in the state-cabin, and on the motion of Mr. J. R. Clarke, Mr. W. Dind was called to the chair. The chairman then called upon Mr. Sheridan Moore to read an address, of which the following is a copy, and which will sufficiently explain the object sought to be achieved by the testimonial.

"To John Hall Wilton, Esq., &c., &c., Sydney, June 20, 1861. -
Dear Sir, - A few of your personal friends, desirous of expressing their recognition and appreciation of the energy, enterprise, and frankness which characterise you in your business pursuits, as well as to convey their sense of the many amiable qualities which distinguish you in private life, have entrusted to us the pleasing duty of presenting you with a purse containing fifty-one guineas, (for the purchase of a nugget of Australian gold,) as a memorial of their kindly feelings towards you. Although the gift thus offered inadequately expresses their esteem and regard, it will, it is hoped, at all events indicate their appreciation of your many amiable qualities of head and heart. Wishing you for ourselves, and on behalf of the subscribers (whose names are hereunto annexed), success in your undertakings, and length of happy days, we remain dear Sir, ever affectionately yours,
J. R. CLARKE, Treasurer; J. SHERIDAN MOORE, Honorary Secretary."

Mr. Wilton, who was evidently much affected by this evidence of the kindly feelings of his friends, then made the following reply; -

"To J. R. Clarke. J. Sheridan Moore, and the subscribers generally.
Gentlemen, - I must say I really do not feel that I deserve such flattering encomiums as those expressed in your address, accompanying so tangible a proof of your appreciation. To be respected by respectable then is an honour the proudest may envy, and, to find myself so much respected by you for merits attributed to me, which are but duties we owe to each other, is to me an estimation of which I feel proud indeed. Accept my grateful thanks, and aid me in cherishing the hope of soon returning to be one of you in feeling, and common interest.
Yours, faithfully, J. H. Wilton."

After partaking of some slight refreshment, the signal of starting having been given, the friends of Mr. Wilton wished him a hurried but hearty farewell, and having quitted the steamer, returned to land, mutual recognitions being exchanged until the vessel was [out] of sight. We believe that we are justified in stating that Mr. Wilton purposes, at no distant period, to became a permanent resident in Sydney, and it may reasonably be anticipated that the community will derive very considerable benefit from the presence of an individual who has obtained so remarkable a renommée for successful enterprises in almost all parts of the world.

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Richard Clarke (musicseller); Joseph Sheridan Moore (journalist); William Dind (theatrical manager)

"CLEARANCES. JULY 2", Empire (3 July 1861), 4 

RANGATIRA, steamer, 500 tons, D. Walker, for Melbourne. Passengers . . . Sir William and Lady Don and child, and three servants, Mr. H. D. Wilton . . .

"TOWN TALK", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (26 August 1861), 5 

Mr. J. H. Wilton, who accompanied Sir William and Lady Don to this colony in the capacity of agent, and who had previously officiated in the same relation to Jenny Lind and G. V. Brooke, being about to return to England by the mail steamer, for the purpose of making engagements with theatrical artistes, for the colonial stage, took a benefit at the Princess Theatre on Saturday evening. The pieces were Bourcicault's stirring drama of "Jessie Brown, or the Siege of Lucknow," and the burlesque of "Aladdin." By way of interlude, Mr. Wilton appeared on the stage, accompanied by Mr. Fawcett, and a dialogue of small talk, amusing enough in its way, was carried on between these gentlemen, the main subject being the mission of the former to England. The announcement by him that artistes of such eminence as Madame Celeste, and Messrs. C. Matthews and Robson, would probably be induced to visit Australia, was loudly applauded, and the mention of Mr. G. V. Brooke as likely to return was received with special enthusiasm. The "Secret worth Knowing," which, according to the bills of the day, was to be revealed, proved to be the knack of converting a pocket handkerchief into a comfortable cap for railway travelling. Mr. Wilton concluded his portion of the evening's entertainment by singing "When Good King Arthur," and another song, the moral of which was the desirability of having a "friend in your pocket," retired.

MUSIC: When good king Arthur ruled this land ("old song")

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC . . . PRINCESS'S THEATRE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (31 August 1861), 2 

. . . Altogether he left the impression that not withstanding his buoyancy, he was much more calculated to shine as an agent than as an actor, and that the fewer his appearances behind the footlights the better for his reputation . . .

"SHIPPING . . . ARRIVED . . . MARCH 31", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (5 April 1862), 9 

Star of India, ship, White Star Line, 1697 tons, T. Buchan, from Liverpool 23rd December. Passengers - cabin . . . J. H. Wilton . . .

Register of inquests, Sydney City Coroner, December 1862; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

[Inquest] 18th / John Hall Wilton / age 42 years / died from disease of the heart accelerated by nervous excitement . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. J. H. WILTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1862), 5 

IT is with regret that we announce- the sudden decease of Mr. John Hall Wilton, whose name is intimately associated with those of Mr. G. V. Brooke, Sir William Don, Mr. Barry Sullivan, and other celebrities who have come out to the colonies through his agency. Since Mr. Wilson's return from England, some months ago (after engaging Mr. Barry Sullivan to come out), he has been residing at Tattersall's Hotel, and in consequence of heavy losses, through the death of Sir William Don, preying on his mind he was not so regular in his habits as he had previously been. On Wednesday night he retired to his room about eleven o'clock, and in a short time afterwards a gentleman who has been travelling with him went into the room, and found him dead. Disease of the heart was supposed to be the immediate cause of death. We append an abstract of the evidence taken at the inquest.

Henry Dolan, on oath, deposed: I have travelled with deceased, John Hall Wilton, five or six years, and since we came up from Melbourne have resided in this hotel; about ten minutes past eleven o'clock last evening, I went up to his bedroom and saw deceased lying on the bed on his back, with his arms and legs crossed, and his head resting on his right side; his boots and coat were off; surprised at his not speaking to me after being in the room two or three minutes, I went to the bedside, and felt his pulse, and on finding no pulsation immediately called for assistance; Mr. O'Brien called in Dr. Warren, who, on seeing deceased, pronounced him dead; when I last saw him alive, yesterday evening, at eight o'clock, he appeared more cheerful than usual; he has been much accustomed of late to lie in his bed reading, both day and night; deceased frequently complained of pains in his head and chest; about two years ago he was subject to fits, the cause of which he said was from a bayonet wound in the back of his head; he lost a large sum of money by Sir William Don's death, and has lately been in embarrassed circumstances; yesterday morning he wrote two or three letters to Melbourne whither he was making arrangements to proceed; I am his heir-at-law, and about twelve months ago he made his will; he was a moral man, and a member of the Church of England.

William John O'Brien, proprietor of Tattersall's Hotel, said, I have known the deceased about eight months, and during his four months' residence with me he has always conducted himself properly; I always looked upon deceased as a healthy man; has paid me every Monday morning. He was accustomed to have brandy and soda-water in his room every night; he had a bottle of the former last night, but it is untouched.

William Dind deposed: During the time I have known deceased, which is about five or six years, he has never complained of his health suffering in consequence of his habits; yesterday evening, I saw him at the Victoria Theatre at a quarter to ten o'clock; he was then sober, but had the appearance of a man who had been drinking; I spoke to him, and advised him to give over his habits; I accompanied him to this house at a quarter to eleven o'clock; I saw him go up stairs to his room, and then left him; he had great partiality for Dolan, to whom, he told me, he had left all he possessed; deceased remarked to me jocosely, on one occasion, that he should go off like the snuff of a candle; he was a man who had experienced many hardships.

Charles Holman Warren, a legally qualified medical practitioner, said I was called at about half-past eleven last night to visit the deceased; I went immediately, and found him lying on the bed quite dead; - he had died apparently without a struggle. There were no indications of a fit; he had the appearance of a man who had died from disease of the heart; prussic acid was the only poison he could have taken to produce the same appearance; he was a stout plethoric man; I do not think there is anything suspicious in his death; there was nothing peculiar about his appearance; his countenance was perfectly placid; he did not die from apoplexy.

The jury returned the following verdict, "We find that the deceased John Hall Wilton, aged forty-two years, died from disease of the heart, accelerated by nervous excitement."

ASSOCIATIONS: William Don (actor); Barry Sullivan (actor)

"THE LATE J. H. WILTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1862), 13 

The funeral of the late Mr. Wilton took place yesterday morning, and was very numerously attended, nearly all the members of the dramatic profession, as well as many private friends of the deceased, joining the cortege, as a last tribute of respect to his memory. In our notice of the proceedings at the inquest, it was mentioned that Mr. Wilton was in rather embarrassed circumstances at the time of his death, but it does not appear that he was in any positive difficulty, such as would affect his mind or cause him personal inconvenience or distress. The career of the deceased gentleman was in many respects remarkable, and his travels embraced so many different portions of the globe, that the self-adopted title of "Wanderer Wilton" appears in his case a most appropriate one. In a work which he was evidently preparing for publication, Mr. Wilton tells us that he has passed the winters of the last twenty years in almost as many different parts of the earth - for instance that of 1837 in Spain, 1838 in India, 1839 in Persia, 1840 in Scinde, 1841 in Cashmere, 1842 in Cabool, 1843 in China, 1844 in England, 1845 in America, 1846 in Egypt, 1847 in Canada, 1848 in England, 1849 in Germany, 1850 in Cuba, 1851 in Italy, 1852 in Southern America, 1853 in Ireland, 1854 in Africa, 1855 in Australia, 1856 in Lancashire, since which he has revisited Australia, England and America, returning to Sydney about three months since as agent for Mr. Barry Sullivan. During the earlier portion of his life Mr. Wilton was connected with the army and had seen a deal of active service in the Afghan war, and the Scinde campaign . . . The deceased, however, was best known in the capacity of a theatrical agent or negotiator. Thus engaged, he has travelled extensively through England, America, India and the colonies. He accompanied Jenny Lind to America and brought Mr. G. V. Brooke to Australia. He was likewise connected in a similar capacity with nearly all the great operatic and theatrical celebrities of the day. In private life he was much respected, not alone for his genuine good humour and good feeling, but for his scrupulous attention and fidelity to all engagements into which he entered. He was interred in the Cemetery at Camperdown, near the spot where Bochsa and Lavenu have their last resting place.

"AWFULLY SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. JOHN HALL WILTON", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (20 December 1862), 2 

. . . The death of a person like the late Mr. Wilton, who had played so prominent a character upon the stage of life, cannot be permitted to pass by without some comment upon the many phases and chequered scenes which marked the eventful life of one so long familiar with the public. The deceased gentleman was considered amongst persons of his profession, (for latterly Theatrical Agency has become a profession,) the "Napoleon" of agents; and as a most skilful tactician, in this peculiar line had acquired for himself a cosmopolitan fame. We believe that he commenced his career in life in the military service of his country. Subsequently he turned his attention to theatrical affairs, in which he appears to have been particularly successful. His first engagement in this line of vocation dates from his acting as the representative agent of Jenny Lind and General Tom Thumb in England and America, and he afterwards acted in the same capacity in relation to a host of other "stars" of world-wide repute.

He was the means of introducing amongst us here - Miss Catherine Hayes, G. V. Brooke, Jacobs the Wizard, the Wallers, Sir William and lady Don, and lately Mr. Barry Sullivan. While acting for Sir William he went home to England and the Continent with the intention, we understand, to purchase a supply of new dresses and other paraphernalia for the use of the Colonial Drama, as also to arrange with talent of the highest character for the colonies. While Mr. Wilton was away (a period of about twelve months) Sir William Don died; the intelligence which, on the return of Mr. Wilton to the colony, seemed greatly to affect him. Indeed the shock was so great to him, that he has since been heard repeatedly to express his sense the "irreparable loss" which he has sustained in the death of the clever and eccentric Baronet, to whom he was warmly attached. We never heard in what speculations Mr. Wilton had endeavoured to embark whilst on his last trip to Europe, with which to entertain the public in our colonies; but as one evidence of his exertions to procure something novel and startling, altogether commensurate with the ambition of his master mind in these matters, we happen to know that he made overtures to the eminent preacher, Spurgeon, in the hope of bringing him out here and "starring" him at a considerable profit . . .

In private life Mr. Wilton was known to possess a generous and sympathizing spirit. In the convivial circle, amongst his friends, he was very entertaining; familiar with many great characters in the old country his little anecdotes and reminiscences were recounted with much zest, and when "i' the vein," some of his sleight-of-hand tricks would be a source of infinite mirth to those around him . . . Mr. Wilton, in the year 1858, applied for the post of general Manager of that grand and noble retreat for amusement, education and interest, the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, in canvassing for which he elicited the highest encomiums from practical men of eminence, who bore testimony, founded on long experience, of his thorough knowledge and industry, combined with gentlemanly address and moderately good education which peculiarly fitted him for the appointment to which he aspired. Though an unsuccessful candidate the testimonials Mr. Wilton received of his experience and abilities in his profession bore such weight with them that he was afterwards to publish them in a pamphlet . . .

"Death of Mr. John Hall Wilton", The Era [London, England] (15 February 1863), 11 (PAYWALL)

The last Australian Mail has brought us the intelligence of the death of Mr. John Hall Wilton, the well-known theatrical agent, who was found dead in his bed at Sidney on the 18th of December last. Mr. J. H. Wilton will be remembered as the negotiator of some important musical and dramatic engagements. He first visited America with the Sax-horn players in 1848; and in the winter of the year following Barnum engaged him to go to Europe, to secure the famous songstress, Jenny Lind. His succesefuk management of this enterprise induced him to undertake others of a similar kind, and Mr. G. V. Brooke and other eminent stars intrusted to him the organisation of their tours in various parts of the world. He travelled thousands of miles every year, and about three years ago had a narrow escape of his life in a shipwreck, when he lost all his papers and the Diary of a life which he had intended to publish. He left England to revisit Australia in the beginning, of last year.

Probate calendar, 1863; UK Principal Probate Registry (PAYWALL)

WILTON John Hall / Effects under £50 / 4 June / Letters of Administration of the Personal estate and effects of John Hall Wilton late of Sydney in New South Wales
Theatrical Agent a Bachelor deceased who died on 18 December 1862 at Sydney . . .
to Frances Washington (Wife of George Washington, Engraver) of 74 Mottram-street Stockport in the County of Chester the Sister . . . of the deceased . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frances Hall [sic], daughter of John Hall, hatter, had married George Washington, engraver, at Manchester cathedral, on 7 July 1842

"Mr. H. D. Wilton and the Howson Family", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (28 September 1867), 2 

DEAR BELL, - In a letter sent by Mr. H. D. Wilton, agent for Lady Don, dated from, Navada City, and inserted in your issue of the 2nd February last, I find the following paragraph: -
"The Howson Family, or rather, the 'Howson English and Italian Opera Troupe,' having made a complete failure in the lyric business, have now dropped down to small farces and burlesques at the Metropolitan Opera House, San Francisco, and are playing to very bad business. I am afraid they will regret leaving Australia; Maguire has lost some 3000 dollars by them, and I doubt if they will ever be able to pay him."
This seems particularly to have attracted the attention of Mr. Frank Howson, who, in a letter which has been placed at my disposal, gives a direct denial to the statements above made. In a spirit of fair play, and a wish that both sides should be heard, I am persuaded you will give me space for an extract or two, from Mr. Howson's epistle. Writing from San Francisco; 10th June, 1867, he says: -
"That our engagement with Mr. Thomas Maguire was concluded in a rather inglorious manner (to us) cannot be denied. I may probably account for Mr. Wilton's statement by the following fact; Mr. Maguire offered me a very good sum to travel for four months; I suspected the motive, and asked the question, 'Is it to travel with Lady Don?' His reply was, 'It cannot make any difference to you who it is with.' I then told him that I would never have any more dealings with that lady; therefore, whatever engagement I might at any time contract, if she came on the stage and my family would walk off . . . - CALL BOY.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emily Saunders Don (vocalist, actor); Frank Howson (vocalist, actor) and family

"DEATH OF MR. H. D. WILTON", The Australasian (20 January 1872), 19 

The following, In reference to the demise of the abovenamed gentleman, I extract from a letter dated from London early in November last:-
"Poor Henry Dolan Wilton has at last paid the debt of nature. He died in his 29th year, at Church-street, South Shore, Blackpool, Lancashire. Since his return from Australia as agent with Lady Don, his health has gradually succumbed, and young and volatile as he always was, he did not take that care of himself which a man of mature years would have done. It is to his credit that he stood by Lady Don in all her troubles incidental on the management of the Newcastle Theatre, and his death is most acutely felt, not only by her ladyship, but by a large circle of friends. - CALL BOY.


When Phineas Taylor Barnum, the eminent showman, first conceived the idea of introducing the Swedish nightingale, Jenny Lind, to the United States, he looked about for a man competent to conduct the negotiations in England, not feeling inclined to undertake the worry and fatigue of what he rightly, guessed would be entailed in such an enterprise . . . The eminent Barnum had been to England with Tom Thumb, and had dropped across Mr. John Hall Wilton in the course of his tour. Mr. Wilton had, late in the forties, taken a troupe of Sax-horn players to the United States, and what Barnum had seen of him then led him to believe that John Hall Wilton was the best man to conduct the negotiations with Jenny Lind. A few minutes sufficed to make arrangements with Wilton. Barnum was to pay only expenses if he failed in his mission, but he would be paid a large sum if he succeeded in bringing Jenny Lind to the United States, on any terms within a liberal schedule, which was set forth in writing . . .

Who was John Hall Wilton who thus engineered this brilliant and profitable engagement for Phineas Taylor Barnum? He was well known to Australian playgoers between the years 1855 and 1862. In the former year he came out as agent for the lamentable [sic] G. V. Brooke, and during the seven years which he followed he was a prominent figure in theatrical life. Wilton was an author, a soldier, and a traveller. As an author, he published "Ethaldi," "The Outcast," "The Deserters," "True Friendship," "The Darling Wife," "The First Crime," "Scenes in a Soldier's Life," etc. These two latter I have now before me. In the fly-leaf of the lastnamed is a dedication to an old and respected Sydney citizen, who was well acquainted with all the operatic and dramatic people of any note in Sydney half a century ago, and for some years later. The dedication reads: -

"To J. R. Clarke, with the best wishes and most grateful remembrances of his very many kindnesses to the author, J. H. Wilton, Sydney, 10th Oct., 1862."

A melancholy interest attaches to this book, from the fact that the author, within 10 weeks, had passed into the unknown. Of this, however, more hereafter . . . Mr. Wilton in his introduction to the last mentioned book says that he wrote it to please friends, who wished him to give his experience of travel to the world. He had travelled more than any man he had ever met; he had seen more of the habitable globe than any man he had ever heard of or encountered. "This," he says, "may sound bold, but, if my readers knew when, where, and under what circumstances, the apparent romance of reality would at once subside, and the reality of apparent romance at once appear." He had been often pressed to publish his life; he had commenced to do so in a series of tales, to be called "Wanderer Wilton's Wallet of Waggery, Wit, and Wisdom," being a collected series of the most interesting circumstances which had happened to him in various parts of the world since the year 1829, "having since that time been a constant wanderer through this vast and strange 'wide, wide world' - but they remain unfinished.' That was in 1854. (To be continued.)

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memoirist)

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. By 'HAYSEED'. J. HALL WILTON. 'GENERAL TOM THUMB' AND PARTY. No. 10", Sydney Sportsman (21 March 1906), 3 

Mr. Wilton's travels in many lands read like romance. As a soldier, he served in India, and was a participator in most of the disastrous events, as those of Scinde, Beeloochistan, and Afghanistan, during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, and 1843, and during the whole time kept a diary . . . The substance of these diaries he has given to the world in 'Scenes in a Soldier's Life,' . . . At the age of 10 years he had lost his parents, home, everything save health and indomitable pluck and energy. His education was meagre, his constitution tender; he was tossed from pillow to post in search of friends - he found them scarce and "few and far between."

Mr. Wilton's first appearance in Australia was in 1855, when he came as agent for the lamented G. V. Brooke, and acted for that popular actor in his Australian engagements until G. V. Brooke entered into partnership with the recently deceased George Coppin . . . If my memory serves me right Mr. Wilton had charge of the front of the house during part of this partnership. When the partnership was sundered, Brooke took the Royal as his share, Coppin being content with the Olympic and the Cremorne Gardens. I believe Wilton was in front of the house for a time in Brooke's interest, but Brooke, no business man, changed his managers several times, ending at last in Coppin's return . . .

In 1860 Mr. Wilton introduced Sir William and Lady Don to the Australian public, but as far as Wilton was concerned, the speculation did not pay, as he lost heavily by it. This circumstance seems to have preyed upon his mind, and his habits became somewhat irregular. In 1861 Mr. Wilton was the lessee of the historic Melbourne Theatre Royal. On G. V. Brooke's return to England in that year the Australians for a time missed their heavy tragedian; and seeing an opportunity to enlarge his experience, Mr. W. J. Lawrence tells us that Barry Sullivan entered into negotiations with Mr. Wilton, and agreed to make his debut at the Australian Drury Lane. When Mr. Sullivan came to Sydney Mr. Wilton accompanied him. Mr. Sullivan put up at the historic Royal Hotel, George-street, and Mr. Wilton at the equally historic Tattersall's Hotel, Pitt-street, then and for years afterwards, kept by an old identity, William John O'Brien. On December 19, 1862, the Sydney public was startled with the announcement that Mr. Wilton had been found dead in his bed . . . His remains were interred in the church yard at Camperdown, attached to St. Stephen's Church, and in close proximity to the graves of Mr. N. C. Bochsa, the celebrated harpist, the friend of Madame Anna Bishop, and Mr. L. H. Lavenu, the composer and conductor and tutor of Madame Carandini . . .

WORKS: Scenes in a soldier's life (Montreal: R. and C. Chalmers, 1848)

Musical editions:

The bird song, from the new comedy "A new way to reclaim a thoughtless husband", as sung by Mrs. Emma Waller, the music composed by M. Winterbottom [written by J. H. Wilton] (Sydney: W. J. Johnson & Co., [1855]) (DIGITISED)

A little bird flew from it's nest
Whilst huddling on its dear mate's breast,
And warbling in the gentle breeze
Its sweet notes Echo'd, Echo'd, Echo'e through the trees.
The mate chirp'd oft but Ah! indeed
The anxious partner none did [heed] . . .

Bibliography and resources:

P. T. Barnum, Struggles and triumphs; or, Forty years' recollections (Hartford: J. B. Burr & Company, 1869), 272-82, 287, 307 (DIGITISED)

[272] . . . I found in Mr. John Hall Wilton, an Englishman who had visited this country with the Sax-Horn Players, the best man whom I knew for that purpose. A few minutes sufficed to make the arrangement with him, by which I was to pay but little more than his expenses if he failed in his mission, but by which also he was to be paid a large sum if he succeeded in bringing Jenny Lind to our shores, on any terms within a liberal schedule which I set forth to him in writing. On the 6th of November, 1849, I furnished Wilton with the necessary documents . . .


Musician, professor of music, violinist, band leader

Born c. 1821
Married Esther ? (c. 1821-1884), ? by c. 1853
Arrived Geelong, VIC, by January 1854
Died Geelong, VIC, 30 December 1873, aged "52" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (26 January 1854), 5 

MR. T. WILTON begs respectfully to announce to the Inhabitants of Geelong,
that he has made arrangements for the above splendid and commodious rooms, for a
"SOIREE DANSANTE," Every TUESDAY Evening, commencing at 8 o'clock and terminating at 11.
A private entrance. Admission 5s. Smoking strictly prohibited.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (22 January 1855), 5 

- Mr. T. WILTON'S Military and stringed Bands of the first talent,
provided for weddings, picknicks, balls, &c., in town or country, on the shortest notice.
Office No. 5, Prospect Place, near the Belle Vue.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (12 March 1855), 3 

A select Quadrille Party will be held this evening at the above magnificent rooms, commencing at half-past Eight, and terminating at Twelve precisely.
Tickets, 5s. Ladies free. Mr. T. Wilton's band engaged.

"GRAND BALL", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (21 June 1855), 2 

This evening, Mr. Wilton and Mr. T. Edwards, who have for some time past given a "Soiree Dansante" every Monday evening, at the Geelong Assembly Rooms, will give a grand Ball on the occasion of their leaving Geelong. The ball is to be under the patronage of Messrs. Young and Hydes. These dancing rooms have been conducted in an exceedingly respectable manner.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. T. Edwards (harpist; ? Thomas); John Proctor Hydes (actor, manager); Charles Young (actor, manager)

[2 advertisements], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (17 March 1856), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL. - Manager, Mr. Simmonds.
Benefit of MUGNALL, the celebrated Scotch comedian.
Monday Evening, March 17th, The performances will commence with the beautiful Scotch drama, entitled
GUY MANNERING, Dandie Dinmont - Mr. Mungall.
GRAND SOLO ON THE HARP, By Mr. Edward, of Geelong [sic] . . .

WILTON & EDWARDS' Quadrille Assembly
TO-NIGHT. Gentlemen's ticket, 3s; ladies free.
N.B. - Military and stringed Bands provided for town or country on the shortest notice.
Address Quadrille office Aloe Villa, opposite the Theatre Royal, Malop-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Mungall (comedian); James Simmonds (actor, manager); Theatre Royal (Geelong venue)

"THE RIFLE CORPS", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (24 July 1856), 2 

A meeting of the members of the Geelong Volunteer Rifle Corps was held last evening at the office of the Corps in Ryrie-street . . . The following new members were elected: . . . Mr. Thomas Edwards . . . Mr. Thomas Wilton . . . The Band of the Corps now numbers nine members. Major Rede proposed and Captain Carter seconded, that the officers of the corps should subscribe a fund for the furnishing of instruments, and for the incidental expenses of the band. The subscription was proposed to be for first lieutenants, £3 3s per annum; for second lieutenants, £2 2s; for surgeons, £2 2s; for captains, £4 4s; for major, £5 5s. The officers unanimously agreed to subscribe as proposed, and by this means a fund will be raised, which may render the band thoroughly effective . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (31 July 1856), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL. Solo Lessee and Manager, Mr. James Simmonds.
On Thursday Evening, July 31st, 1856,
The performance will commence with the splendid Drama, entitled ROB ROY.
Rob Roy - Mr. Clarance Holt. Ellen Macgregor - Mrs. Clarance Holt . . .
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. T. Wilton, of Wilton and Edward's celebrated Quadrille Band.

"GEELONG ANNUAL REGATTA", Geelong Advertiser (24 February 1859), 2

. . . Messrs. Wilton and Edwards' band maintained appropriate harmony during the interval preceding the starting of the race, and also, with but little intermission, during the remainder of the day . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (30 May 1859), 2 

The theatrical company now engaged at the Royal will receive an accession of strength this evening in the person of Mrs. Dale, who will appear in a piece known as the "Idiot Witness." Tomorrow evening the performances will be for the benefit of the orchestra, upon which occasion the "Bell Ringer of St Paul's" will be played. The evening's entertainment will be diversified by the playing of some concerted music, arranged to meet the case by Mr. Wilton, the leader of the band . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elinor Dale (actor, vocalist)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (16 March 1861), 3 

The first of a series of musical performances in the Botanical Gardens takes place to-day from 4 to 6 o'clock. The following is the programme; it comprises an original quadrille, "The Geelong," composed by Mr. G. W. Walker. Mr. Thomas Wilton is the leader: -
Polka - The First Kiss, Farmer
Overture - Crown Diamonds, Auber
Quadrille - Italian Campaign, D'Albert
Grand Selection - Il Trovatore, Verdi
Valse - The Belle of the Village, Montgomery
Interval of 10 minutes.
Overture - The American National, Loder
Valse - Oriental, Labitzky
Grand Selection from Somnambula, Bellini
Quadrille - The Geelong. G. W. Walker
Galop - Le Cent Garde, Montgomery

ASSOCIATIONS: George William Walker (composer); probably George Loder (composer, formerly conductor of the New York Philharmonic), rather than his better known cousin Edward Loder (composer)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (23 March 1861), 2 

A second Musical Entertainment will be given in the Botanical Gardens this afternoon, from four to six o'clock, by the Theatre Royal band, under the direction of Mr. Thos. Wilton. The following is the programme: -
Serpentine Quadrille - Burchardt
Grand Cavatina from 'The Stranger' - Bellini
Annie Valse - Marriott
Garibaldi Galop - D'Albert
Overture, 'II Barbiere de Siviglia' - Rossini
Lucia Quadrille - Farmer
Selection 'Bohemian Girl' - Balfe
Geelong Polka - G. W. Walker

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (26 October 1861), 3 

PRINCIPAL VIOLINISTS: Mr. H. Cousins, Mr. Gabb, Mr. Wilton
FLAUTIST: Mr. W. Stoneham; HARPIST: Mr. G. Zeplin; PIANIST: Mr. H. Plumstead . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Stoneham (flute); Henry Cousins (violin); John Gough Gabb (violin); George Frederick Zeplin (harp); Henry Plumstead (piano)

"THE BANDS. To the Editor of the . . .", Geelong Advertiser (15 November 1861), 3 

SIR, - I should feel deeply obliged if you would (for the last time) allow me a small space in your columns to reply to Mr. Stoneham's letter in to-day's issue. In the first, place, I beg distinctly to reiterate that I originally proposed the band performances in the Botanical Gardens, although out of deference to Mr. Wilton as leader of the Theatre (not the Town) Bands, I allowed the formal request for the trustees' permission to emanate from him. I leave the public to form their own opinion what credit is due to me for the arrangements, &c., of the whole of the music performed last season in the Gardens. Music was required, I supplied it, being the only member of the Band able to orchestrize music, and therefore although it still remains my "personal prosperity," it is plainly to be seen that it was written to suit any but "my own purposes." With reference to Mr. Stoneham's remark about my being a tradesman, I beg to state I have always admitted it publicly, and only regret that severe rheumatic affliction prevents me following a much more remunerative calling than the profession of music; but having been two years unable to walk without crutches, and only enabled to dispense with a stick through the healthy locality of Geelong, I have been obliged to relinquish my trade and embrace music. I admit in the latter profession I have worked hard, especially in fostering the "divine science" among the amateurs here, which I shrewdly suspect to be the real cause of the enmity and the bile of my professional brethren.
I am, sir, yours, etc.,
Bandmaster G.V.R.B.
P.S. - I beg to draw your attention to the heading of my last letter, "Rival Bands," which was not mine, but an introduction of the press.
727 Gheringhap-street. Nov. 14, 1861.
[The heading was ours - not our correspondent's. ED.]

ASSOCIATIONS: Geelong Volunteer Rifles Band (citizen military, later Geelong Volunteer Artillery Band)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (16 November 1861), 3 

Although there is so much squabbling among the musicians of the town as to the when and where of their playing, the performances in the Gardens do not commence till next Saturday, when the band under the leadership of Mr. Wilton, known as the town band, will inaugurate the season. We have heard it whispered that the Rifle Corps band mean to dispute the exclusive right of the town band to play in the gardens, and contemplate having a musical passage at arms on the occasion of the first performance, that the two bands in fact will try which can blow the other into silence.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (23 November 1861), 3 

Temperance Hall, On MONDAY, 25th NOVEMBER, 1861, At Eight o'clock.
When, in addition to usual vocal attraction,
Messrs. Wilton, Gabb, Stoneham, Argles, and Minton of the "Town Band,"
Will perform some choice selections of Instrumental Music . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Stitt Jenkins (musical amateur)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (25 November 1861), 3 

The Sober Concerts for the People keep improving. In addition to the usual accompaniment by Mr. Cox upon the pianoforte, there will be in future an orchestra led by Mr. Wilton, formerly of the Theatre Royal . . . The Town Band performed in the Botanical Gardens on Saturday afternoon; and, spite of the blustering weather, there was a very fair attendance of the public to hear them. We trust that they will be properly supported in their efforts to provide good music during the summer evening promenades.

[Editorial], Geelong Advertiser (1 January 1862), 2 

. . . This is a hard bit for the Sober Concerts. He [Mr. Heales] does not approve of total abstainers listening to the strains of "Cheer up, Sam." The proper substitute can be gathered from the report of his own meeting, where the opening prayer was followed by the brass band playing up the "Overture to Ernani," while at the opposition "Casino" the proceedings commenced with the "Overture to Guy Mannering." At the one shop they had Walker's band, and at the other they had Wilton and Stoneham's. The strains of the one, according to Mr. HEALES will fit a man for "the better world," while the other can only pander to "debased tastes" . . .

"THE ALL ENGLAND ELEVEN MATCH", Geelong Advertiser (11 January 1862), 2 

. . . Tenders for furnishing a band to play on the ground during the three days of the match, were then taken into consideration. The band of the Rifle Corps was offered for the occasion for £45; Mr. Wilton tendered a string band of six players for £12 12s; or a brass band of ten performers for £20. Mr. Stoneham offered a brass band of twenty players for £21. Mr. Rennie remarked that at the last intercolonial cricket match, the band of the 40th regiment played for the three days for £30; and after a long discussion of a conversational character it was resolved - "That as the tenders before the committee were vague and unsatisfactory the matter should stand over till the next meeting" . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (29 November 1862), 2 

. . . The new company [at the Theatre Royal], numbering fifteen persons, will be under the management of Mr. Andrews, and the music under the direction of Mr. Wilton . . .

"LETHBRIDGE ANNUAL RACES", Geelong Advertiser (20 March 1867), 3 

. . . Wilton's band, which was reinforced by some Melbourne performers, played at intervals on the grand stand, (which was covered), in a manner and with a zeal worthy of the best metropolitan band that I ever had the good fortune to hear . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (1 September 1869), 2 

A number of gentlemen intend giving concert for the benefit of Mr. T. Wilton. It is certainly about time the services rendered by this musician were recognised, for he has never received a benefit during the whole of the time he has been in Geelong, and that is longer than we can remember.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (14 September 1869), 2 

A concert will be given this evening in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, which, apart from the excellence of the programme, ought to be well patronised, as the proceeds are to be devoted to the benefit of Mr. T. Wilton, who has, from his long residence among us, gained for himself the title of "The Father of the Musical Profession of Geelong." In the palmy old days - when beer was drunk but not brewed in the old Theatre Royal - when that "Prince of Paul Prys," Mr. George Coppin, ruled the roost - when George Meadows, and after wards Mr. Quincy, catered, Tom Wilton flourished. Musicians came and went, but still Wilton - now swimming with the tide, now battling against hard times - has remained with, and often cheered us with the tones of his faithful old violin. Poor Tom, as we fancy we can hear many of our old play-goers call him, is now in very indifferent circumstances; music, has not been sufficiently liberally patronised in Geelong, and he has been glad and always willing to earn his crust. As far as we can recollect, although many less deserving than he have had "benefits" awarded them, he has never received any acknowledgment besides his pay; perhaps it is because, unlike many, he has not the knack of pushing himself forward. Be this as it may, he certainly deserves something at the hands of the public, and it must be gratifying to him to see our leading musicians and vocalists, without any noticeable exception, willingly placing their services at his disposal for a benefit, which it is to be hoped the public will make a substantial one. We observe that the patronage of the Mayor and Corporation has been accorded.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); George Meadows (actor, vocalist, manager)

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (15 September 1869), 2 

The complimentary concert given in the Mechanics' Institute last evening, for the benefit of that old veteran musician Mr. Thomas Wilton, was well attended, and that is all we can say, the front seats being but moderately patronised. Had the concert been held on Friday evening, we imagine the hall would have been crowded to overflowing. The chief attraction was most undoubtedly the splendid playing of the orchestra. Seldom has Rossini's celebrated overture "L'Italiana in Algeri" been better rendered in Geelong; and the overture of "La Dame Blanche" was beautifully played by the strong [sic, string] portion of the band, the horns, at times, being slightly out of tune. The overture in Massaniello again gave the orchestra an opportunity of showing what they can do, and if the concert of last evening has done nothing else, it has proved that we have now a better string band in Geelong than we have had for years, and in Mr. Walker one of the most accomplished clarionet and flute players in the colony . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (20 September 1869), 3 

The net proceeds of the Wilton benefit concert slightly exceeded £20.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (23 October 1869), 2 

Some time ago, it will be remembered, a cry of "Fire" caused a rush in the Melbourne Theatre Royal, when several people were injured. None were more hurt than Mrs. Wilton, the wife of Mr. Thomas Wilton, the violinist. This lady was near the door through which the rush took place, and was knocked down, the crowd rushing over her and injuring her so severely that it was only on Friday last that she was well enough to be brought to Geelong. This is a most unfortunate affair for Mr. Wilton, who can ill afford any extra expense. He received a benefit a short time ago, but this sad accident has entirely swallowed up the small sum he then received. It would be desirable, therefore, that further assistance should be given to this musical veteran.

"GEELONG PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (24 September 1870), 3 

The concert of this society given last night was not one, we regret to be obliged to say, to encourage the members, and especially their energetic conductor, in their efforts to afford amusement. The weather was extremely unfavorable, and the attendance in consequence not such as the society has a right to expect . . . Mr. Andrews acquitted himself in his customary style as leader, and was most ably supported by one of the best bands we have seen brought together for some time, which will be readily believed when we say that it included such well-known musicians as Messrs. G. Walker, Thomas, and T. Wilton. The overtures led by such competent persons could not fail to go well, and we have never heard them, particularly that to Masaniello, rendered better . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert James Andrews (conductor); Herbert Thomas (viola and cello player); Geelong Philharmonic Society (organisation)

"DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (1 January 1874), 3 

Wilton - December 30th, at his residence, Corio terrace, next Mack's Hotel, Thomas Wilton, aged 52 years, for many years a Professor of Music in Geelong.

"THE AMATEUR DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE", Geelong Advertiser (25 October 1873), 3 

The members of the Melbourne Amateur Dramatic Club made their second appearance at the Mechanics' Institute last evening, when they gave a performance in aid of the funds of the Hospital . . . The orchestra, which was under the leadership of Mr. T. Wilton, - so well known to the frequenters of the old Theatre Royal here, performed choice selections at intervals, and to see Mr. Wilton in his old seat as leader reminded many of by-gone times.

[News], Geelong Advertiser (31 December 1873), 2 

Yesterday died one of the old identities of Geelong who, though occupying a somewhat humble position in society, possessed the esteem of a large circle of acquaintances. The person alluded to is Mr. Thomas Wilton, the violinist, who died at his residence, Corio Terrace, yesterday. Mr. Wilton, before he came to this colony, was the lessee of the cricket ground at Gravesend, and it was a positive enjoyment for a cricketer to get into conversation with him, and hear his reminiscenses about those former stars in "Cricketiana," Mynn, Pilch, Box, Lillywhite, and others well known to fame. On arriving in Victoria, being a really good violinist, he depended upon his instrument and musical talent for a living, and for many years in the palmy days of Geelong, occupied with credit to himself, the position of leader of the orchestra of the old Theatre Royal in Malop street, which, from being the scene of sparkling wit has been converted into one of sparkling ale. As leader he played under the management of George Coppin, George Meadows, and other entrepreneurs, and it was a treat to hear him on the violin, his partner (Edwards) on the harp, and a very fine cornet player, whose name we forget. He was of a genial disposition, quiet, but possessing a fund of humor and wit, with which he would often amuse his more intimate friends, though he seldom came out before strangers. Of late years he devoted himself to teaching others his art, playing at the Philharmonic or other entertainments, and to fishing. He was a thorough expert in the gentle art, and none could tell better where good fishing was to be obtained in the Bay than "poor Tom Wilton."

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (10 February 1874), 2

The members of the Geelong Artillery Band have kindly subscribed the sum of £5 as a donation towards the widow of the late Mr. T. Wilton, with whom, as musician, they have oftimes been so intimately associated.

"DEATH", Geelong Advertiser (30 January 1884), 2 

Wilton - On January 29th, at the Geelong Hospital, Esther, aged 63 years, relict of the late Thomas Wilton. The funeral will leave the residence of Mrs. Walker, Gheringhap-street, one door above Myers-street, on Thursday, the 31st inst., at three p.m., for the Eastern Cemetery.

Bibliography and resources:

"Tom Wilton", Find a grave 



Active VIC, c. 1840

WINCH, John (John WINCH)

Hymn singer

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838 (shareable link to this entry)


"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT. Wednesday, July 25", The Hobart Town Courier (3 August 1838), 4 

John Winch was ordered one week to the treadwheel, as a rogue and vagabond, being found on Dr. Imlay's premises at an unseasonable hour, for an improper purpose.

"Hobart Town Police Report. Monday, July 20, 1838", Colonial Times (7 August 1838), 7

John Winch, who was recently sent to the House of Correction, as a rogue and vagabond, and on whom was found a hymn book, was now charged with stealing it, being the property of Mr. John Milward, from the Independent Chapel. It appeared in evidence, that prisoner had attended in the singing pew at that Chapel, and from whence he must have stolen the book. He admitted he had taken the book to practise with, at Brown's River, whilst his own was repairing; prior to this he had told another story about the book, which militated much against him, and he was fully committed for trial.

WINDEYER, Richard (Richard WINDEYER)

Musical amateur, lawyer

Born London, England, 10 August 1806; son of Charles WINDEYER and Ann Mary RUDD
Married Maria CAMFIELD, Speldhurst, Kent, England, 26 April 1832
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 November 1835 (per John, from London, 19 July)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 November 1835 (per Medway, from Hobart Town, 21 November)
Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 2 December 1847 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

A meeting of gentlemen interested in the formation of a musical class was held at the School of Arts, Pitt-street, on Thursday evening. About thirty gentlemen were present, Mr. R. Windeyer in the chair. It was resolved that a class for the encouragement of vocal and instrumental music should be formed, and about a dozen gentlemen immediately signed their names and became members. A committee, consisting of the following gentlemen was appointed: - Messrs. R. Windeyer, Sea, Worgan and Spyers, to draw up rules and regulations and to report the progress at a general meeting, to be called on the subject on Thursday next.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Sea (member); George William Worgan (member); Lawrence Joseph Spyer (member); Mechanics' School of Arts (Sydney institution); the music class became the Cecilian Society

For an obituary see "THE LATE RICHARD WINDEYER, ESQ., M.L.C. (Communicated)", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1847), 3


Vocalist, songwriter

Born London, England, 8 May 1812; baptised St. Martin in the Fields, 31 May 1812; son of William WINDSCHEFFEL and Ann (d. 1869)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by October 1844
Died (suicide) Braidwood, NSW, October 1845; inquest 16 October 1845 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, St. Martin in the Fields, London, 1812; England, select births and christenings (PAYWALL)

31 May 1812 / John / son of William and Ann / Windscheffel

Apprenticeship indenture, John Windscheffel, 1 July 1826; London Metropolitan Archives, COL/CHD/FR/02/1661-1666 (PAYWALL)

This Indenture witnesseth, that John Winscheffel son of William Windscheffel of Drury Lane in the County of Middlesex Cabinet Maker
doth put himself Apprentice of William David Windscheffel CITIZEN AND SKINNER OF LONDON . . . Term of event Years . . . in consideration of a Peppercorn . . . the [4 July 1826] . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (23 October 1844), 3 

a Comedy, in 5 Acts, entitled A BOLD STROKE FOR A HUSBAND.
After which, MR. WINDSCHEFELL, will have the honor to make his first appearance, and sing the popular and admired song, "THE PILOT,"
To be followed by a SWISS PAS DE DEUX, from the Ballet of "William Tell," by Madame LOUISE and Signor CARANDINI.
MR. WINDSCHEFELL will then have the pleasure of singing a composition of his own, entitled
"OH! LAND OF MY FATHERS." (Arranged to the air of "The Old House at Home.") . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Louise (dancer); Gerome Carandini (dancer); Thomas Simes (actor, manager); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

MUSIC: The pilot (music by Sidney Nelson); The old house at home (music by E. J. Loder)

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Australian (24 October 1844), 3 

Last night . . . Mr. Windschefell made his first appearance as a vocalist, singing "The Pilot," and an original composition of his own, "Oh! Land of my Fathers." With proper practice, we have little doubt he would make a good singer, as he possesses considerable volume and compass of tone, but he labors under certain disadvantages, which we need not allude to, especially as it was a first appearance. The house was better attended than it has been for some time past, and the performances went off with considerable eclat.

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 October 1844), 2 

a domestic Drama, in 2 Acts . . . entitled THE WEDDING GOWN; Or, the Exiles of Poland.
After which, the admired and popular Song, "NORAH, THE PRIDE OF KILDARE," by MR. WINDSCHEFELL . . .

MUSIC: Norah the pride of Kildare (by John Parry)

"Original Poetry", Parramatta Chronicle and Cumberland General Advertiser (21 December 1844), 4 


Can I ever forget, the glad days that are passed,
When my youth wiled away in its mirth;
So extatic my joy 'twas too bright far to last
'Ere, I left the sweet land of my birth.

Though humble my cottage 'twas pleasant to view,
To my mind it a palace was worth;
And fair the wild roses that over it grew -
Oh! I sigh for the land of my birth.

Rude winters' cold blast howl'd unheeded along,
For bright blaz'd the yule log on our hearth,
And our hearts were enliven'd with ale, toast, and song -
Oh! I sigh for the land of my birth.

'Twas there I won Mary the beauteous May Queen,
And my bliss was complete on this earth,
When a ring I bestow'd on the pride of the green -
Oh! I sigh for the land of my birth.

But our best hopes will wither, and beauty decay,
As the green fields when smitten with dearth;
I'll repose where my Mary lies cold in the clay -
Oh! I sigh for the land of my birth.


Register of coroners' inquests, 1845; State Records Authority of NSW; series 2921, 4/6613 (PAYWALL)

No. 3173 / Braidwood / date of inquest: 16 Oct. [1845] / John Windscheffel / . . . Felo de se

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Windscheffel (John's younger brother) and his wife emigrated to NSW in 1841, but returned to London after only a few years, see below:


Born London, England, 1817; baptised St. Martin in the Fields, 28 September 1817; son of William WINSCHEFFEL [sic] and Ann (d. 1869)
Married Martha SEYMOUR (1818-1910), All Soul's, Lanham Place, London, England, 1 August 1840
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 5 April 1841 (bounty immigrant per Bussorah Merchant, from London, 13 December 1840, via Hobart Town, 26 March 1841)
Departed Sydney, NSW, by c. 1843-47
Died London, England, 1850 (3rd quarter)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, in the county of Middlesex, in the year 1817; register 1816-20, page 148; City of Westminster Archives Centre, STM/PR/1/21 (PAWYALL)

No. 1184 / [1817 September] 28th / Henry / [son of] William & Ann / Winscheffel / 54 Drury Lane / Tanner . . .

1840, marriage solemnized at All Soul's Church in the parish of St. Marylebone in the county of Middlesex; register 1839-41, page 128; London Metropolitan Archives, P89/ALS/057 (PAYWALL)

No. 255 / 1 August 1840 / Henry Windscheffel / 23 / Bachelor / Fish Monger / - / [son of] William Windscheffel / Upholsterer
Martha Seymour / 23 / Spinster / - / All Soul's District / [daughter of] Richard Seymour / Plumber . . .

Entitlement certificates of persons on bounty ships; State Records Authority of NSW, series 5314 (PAWYALL)

Married male immigrant, Henry Windscheffel, arrived by the ship Bussorah Merchant, a native of London, son of Ann, living in London, father dead, calling Carpenter / age on embarkation twenty two 11th June '40 [sic] . . .
Married female immigrant, Martha, native of Cranbrook, Kent, daughter of Mary living in Cranbrook, father dead / Milliner / age twenty two 28th Feb'y '41 . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle [Sydney, NSW] (18 May 1841), 3 

MRS. WINDSCHEFFEL, from Regent-street, London, begs leave respectfully to announce to the ladies of Sydney and its vicinity, that she has just arrived with a collection of Fashionable Millinery, consisting of bonnets, dress caps, head dresses, ladies' morning and bonnet caps, a variety of French flowers, &c. . . .
No. 14, George-street south, two doors from Park-street.


Artist, theatrical artist

Born Liverpool, Lancashire, England, 18 November 1788; baptised St. Nicholas, Liverpool, 8 December 1788; son of Edward WINSTANLEY (1762-1830) and Jane HALLPIKE (1760-1828)
Married Elizabeth FINCH (1795-1867), All Saints, Wigan, 31 March 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure, from Liverpool, 21 September 1832, via Hobart Town, 28 April)
Died Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1842 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Actor, dancer, occasional vocalist, novelist

Born Wigan, England, 1 September 1818; baptised All Saints, Wigan, 22 October 1818; daughter of William WINSTANLEY and Elizabeth FINCH (1795-1867)
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure, from Liverpool, 21 September 1832, via Hobart Town, 28 April)
Active (stage debut), Sydney, NSW, from October 1834
Married Henry Charles O'FLAHERTY (d. 1854), St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 6 February 1841
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1 April 1846 (per Kinnear, for London)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 13 December 1878 (per Aconcagua, from London, 25 October, aged "40" [sic])
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 December 1882'Flaherty+1818-1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)'Flaherty (shareable link to this entry)


Artist, theatrical artist, sheet music producer

Born Wigan, England, 8 February 1821; baptised All Saints, Wigan, 24 June 1821; son of William WINSTANLEY and Elizabeth FINCH (1795-1867)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure, from Liverpool, 21 September 1832, via Hobart Town, 28 April)
Died Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1849; buried Camperdown, 7 August 1849, aged "28" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born Wigan, Lancashire, England, 3 August 1823; baptised All Saints, Wigan, 25 December 1823; daughter of William WINSTANLEY and Elizabeth FINCH (1795-1867)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Married Henry XIMENES (1819-1905), St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1841
Departed Sydney, NSW, 12 April 1849 (per John Calvin, for London)
Died Kilverstone, Hove, Sussex, England, 5 October 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Teresa Roche (granddaughter of William, niece of Eliza, Edward, and Ann)


Christenings in the Year 1788, St. Nicholas, Liverpool; register 1776-95, page 194; Liverppol City Council (PAYWALL)

No. 1038 / Born November 18 / William / Son of / Edward & Jane / Winstanley / Watch maker / Spillow Alley

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Wigan in the county of Lancaster in the year 1817; register 1816-19, page 66; Wigan Archive Services (PAYWALL)

No. 197 / William Winstanley of this Parish and Elizabeth Finch of this Parish were married in this Church by Banns this [31 March 1817] . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Wigan in the county of Lancaster in the year 1818; register 1816-19, page 233; Wigan Archive Services (PAYWALL)

No. 1863 / 22 Oct'r / Eliza Dau'r of / William & Elizabeth / Winstanley / Blackburn / Painter . . . / [born] 1 Sep't

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Wigan in the county of Lancaster in the year 1821; register 1819-22, page 201; Wigan Archive Services (PAYWALL)

No. 1603 / 24 June / Edward Son of / William & Elizabeth / Winstanley / Blackburn / Painter . . . / [born] 24 Feb'y

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Wigan in the county of Lancaster in the year 1823; register 1822-30, page 170; Wigan Archive Services (PAYWALL)

No. 1355 / 25 Dec'r / Ann Dau'r of / William & Elizabeth / Winstanley / Hallgate / Painter . . . / [born] 3 Aug't

Sydney, NSW (May 1833 to April 1849):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (6 May 1833), 2 

From Liverpool via Hobart Town, same day [Thursday last, 2 May], having sailed from the former place on the 21st of September, and the latter on the 28th of April, the barque Adventurer, Captain Williams, with a general cargo. Passengers, from England . . . William Winstanley, painter, Elizabeth Winstanley, Eliza Winstanley, Edward Winstanley, Ann Winstanley, Robert Winstanley, Anna Winstanley, and Henry Winstanley . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 May 1833), 4 

INFANTILE TALENT, W. WINSTANLEY respectfully informs the Public in general, that his Son, a Boy of only eleven years of age, will cut correct LIKENESSES with a Pair of Scissors, in a style that cannot be equalled in this particular line.
The above may be taken in black or bronzed, according to order, either at their own Premises, or at his Rooms, late Cummings' Hotel, in Macquarie-place, - where specimens may be seen.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (22 May 1834), 3 

. . . On Monday evening [19 May], the bill of fare contained The School of Reform, Bombastes Furioso by a Juvenile Company . . . Master Jones' Bombastes was a surprising performance for such a child. His mosquito person, attired in all the trappings of war, covered with scars, and wielding as it were with gigantic dexterity a huge sword, twice as long as himself, with which he "challenged all the human race," had a most comical effect upon the audience. His singing and acting were altogether far superior to any thing that could possibly have been expected. The playing of Miss Winstanley in Distifina, was on an equality with the tiny General; she is decidedly a child of genius. Her articulation was clear and distinct and action natural, and if she has good instructors, will one day be a star in Australian theatricals . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Stephen Jones (actor, dancer, vocalist); Theatre Royal (Sydney venue)

"THE THEATRE . . .", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 May 1834), 2 

. . . A juvenile company afterwards performed Bombastes Furioso, and it would be manifest injustice to them not to say that they performed it in a highly creditable manner. The swagger of the General by the lad JONES was admirably pourtrayed, and elicited roars of laughter from the whole house. This youth (who we should suppose is not more than eight years of age) bids fair to become something above the common order, and he ought not to be neglected. A little girl named WINSTANLEY, appeared as Distaffina, and acquitted herself well in it. Masters QUIN, (the tight rope dancer) and PHILLIPS, personated the King and Fusbos, and the ludicrous appearance which the whole representation afforded, convulsed the audience with laughter . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Aaron Phillips (c. 1823-1867, juvenile actor, son of B. A. Phillips below)

"Theatricals", The Australian (27 May 1834), 2 

Much curiosity has been excited during the past week among the "friends of the Drama," by a new species of entertainment being prepared for them in the representation of "Bombastes furioso," by a company composed entirely of juveniles. This, although quite novel in our Colonial Histrionics, is not wholly original. Formerly, this mode of representing Extravaganzas was no rarity in England, particularly at the Provincial Theatres - and it has been the opinion of many, that this is the true way in which such productions should be exhibited . . . Miss Winstanley who played Distaffina sang very prettily, but she is of too tender an age to unable one to say how far her voice possesses that power, and is susceptible of that cultivation, which may hereafter render her a professional singer. One thing however, was effected by this entertainment, that of filling the Theatre . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (3 October 1834), 1 

ROB ROY McGREGOR; OR, AULD LANG SYNE . . . Allan - Mr. Winstanley . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 October 1834), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY.
THE FATAL SNOW STORM in which will be introduced some new and appropriate Music by Mr. Sippe; the scenery by Mr. Winstanley and Sons [sic] . . .
After which will be presented, for the first and only time on this stage, and got up expressly for this occasion,
an entire new Comic PANTOMIME CALLED THE DEMON! OR, The Magic Rose.
The Music by Messrs. Sippe and Wilson; the New Scenery by Mr. Winstanley and Son [sic] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Barnet Aaron Phillips (c. 1792-1862; machinist, cabinetmaker); George Sippe (musician); Mr. Wilson (musician)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1834), 3 

Mr. Winstanley the Scene Painter, we perceive by his advertisement in another column, takes his benefit on Friday evening. Independently of a rich bill of fare, his eldest daughter will make her first appearance on our stage. Miss W. has, we are given to understand, a fine voice, and will sing several songs during the evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 October 1834), 1

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY. Mr. Winstanley, Scene Painter,
RESPECTFULLY informs the Public in general, that his
BENEFIT will take place on Friday Evening, October 31, 1834,
when will be performed for the first time, the celebrated Opera of
Rolama (a farmer and father to Clari) - Mr. Knowles . . .
Vespina, by a young Lady her first appearance on any Stage, who will introduce a favourite SONG.
Fidalma (Clari's mother) - Mrs. Larra
Ninetta - Mrs. Jones . . .
After which . . . Kate Kearney by Miss Ann Winstanley.
A Dance by an amateur.
"Isle of Beauty fare thee well," By a young Lady.
Tickets to be had of Mr. Winstanley, 3, Hunter-street; at the Theatre; at Mr. Ellard's; and at the Royal Hotel.

ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad Knowles (actor); Mary Ann Larra (actor); Harriet Jones (actor); young lady ? = Jane Winstanley (1828-1923)

MUSIC: Isle of beauty fare thee well (words by Haynes Bayly; accompaniments by T. A. Rawlings)

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 November 1834), 2

. . . The younger daughter of Mr. Winstanley also appeared on this occasion. She sang "Kate Kearney" very prettily - her voice has great capabilities, but she would be much more interesting with more of nature and less of art. In the above song, she had evidently taken Mrs. Taylor as her model, but what may be very excellent in that lady, would have a quite contrary effect in a child . . .

MUSIC: Kate Kearney ("Irish air")

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (22 April 1835), 2-3

The theatre has been crowded the last two nights. On Monday [3] evening Pizearo was performed . . . The burlesque of Bombastes Furioso, by the juvenile company followed, in which Master Jones and Miss A. Winstanley played admirably . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 May 1835), 3 

Theatre Roval, Sydney.
THE LESSEES respectfully inform the Patrons of the Drama, and Public in general, that the.
THEATRE will open On Monday Evening, May 4th . . .
The Company engaged for the ensuing Season consist of . . . Miss Winstanley..
Scene Painters - Mr. Winstanley and Son, and Mr. Allen and Son . . .
The Acting and Stage Management under the sole direction of Mr. JOSEPH SIMMONS.

"Blue Beard", The Sydney Monitor (27 August 1836), 2

THOSE who have seen certain pieces performed in London, and afterwards see them here, witness the Colonial representation at a disadvantage. Thirty-two years ago we saw "Blue Beard" in the old Theatre of Drury-lane . . . The impression this gorgeous spectacle made, is well fixed in our memory . . . The music of "Blue Beard" has rarely been excelled for true harmony; that which touches the heart with out breaking in on the feelings by a vulgar mechanical-execution "of difficult passages." And the circumstance of "Blue Beard" being announced by our Sydney Thespians, as it has been, with a sort of pomp, and as a piece of unusual merit, shews, that there is in this Turkish Romance something unusually imposing. The first scene, in which the incomparable march called "Blue Beard's March" is introduced with a grand Turkish procession, was well managed; the new scene itself excellent. The charming duet between Fatima and Selim had to be omitted - for though Miss Winstanley can sing, Peat cannot . . . Miss Winstanley "would" have sung "When pensive" well, but for two things - first, she was frightened out of her wits, being a novice in singing in public; and next, she pronounced the words with too homely an accent. But for these faults, both easily remedied, she would have sung this beautiful air well . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Clement Peat (actor)

MUSIC: Blue Beard's march (instrumental); When pensive I thought of my love (song)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (9 December 1836), 3

Theatre Royal, Sydney.
ON SATURDAY, December 10th, 1836, will be presented, the Splendid Spectacle of
BLUE BEARD; OR, FEMALE CURIOSITY . . . Fatima (Daughter of Ibrahim) - Miss Winstanley . . .
When pensive I thought on my Love, Miss Winstanley . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 January 1837), 3 

CONCERT, Postponed to the 1st Proximo.
MR. W. WALLACE & MR. J. P. DEANE BEG to announce their intention of giving a
Concert of Vocal and Instrument Music, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel, on
Wednesday Evening, the 1st of February, 1837.
On this occasion they will be assisted by Miss Deane, Miss E. Wallace, Miss C. Winstanley [sic, Ann] . . .
PROGRAMME CONCERT. PART I . . . 7. DUET - Flow on thou shining river - Moore - Miss Winstanley and Master E. Deane . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician); Edward Smith Deane (vocalist); Eliza Wallace (vocalist)

MUSIC: Flow on thou shining river (Moore and Stevenson)

"CONCERT", The Australian (7 February 1837), 2

. . . [Edward Deane] also distinguished himself in two Duets with Miss E. Winstanley [recte Ann]. This young lady, as far as her tender age will allow an opinion to be formed, possesses great capabilities as a singer, and we have no doubt that under the able tuition of Mr. Deane (of whom she is at present a pupil), they will be brought into such celebration as to render her in time a most excellent singer . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (10 October 1838), 3

MISS WALLACE BEGS to inform her Friends and the Public, that her
CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, will take place on the
17th instant, in the Saloon of the "ROYAL HOTEL;" on which occasion she will be assisted by
Mr. J. P. DEANE and FAMILY . . . Miss A. WINSTANLEY . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART SECOND . . . 4. Song - I love thee ever more - Miss A. Winstanley . . .

"MUSIC", The Colonist (21 August 1839), 3 

We apologise for not having before acknowledged the receipt of two pieces of music from Mr. Ellard, of George-street. We understand that the getting up was principally managed by Mr. Winstanley, brother of the favourite and promising actress of that name. The execution does all parties concerned great credit, and we wish them success in a continuation of their publications.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Ellard (music publisher)

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 October 1839), 2

On Monday Mr. and Mrs. Knowles had a bumper benefit; to-night Miss Winstanley claims the support of the play-going public. Miss Winstanley has claims which must not be forgotten; she has been trained "in the way she should go" exclusively on the Sydney boards, and it reflects credit on the taste of the Sydney audiences that she is already among the best, and decidedly the most promising of all the actresses on the Sydney stage. Her sister Miss A. Winstanley, we perceive, adds her vocal powers to the list of the evening's amusements. We trust Miss W.'s success will be equal to her deserts.

ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad and Harriet Knowles (actors, vocalist); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

On the night of Thursday last, Miss Winstanley took her benefit at the Victoria Theatre . . . The ballad of Rory O'More was sung with great taste by Miss A. Winstanley, and the dance by Madame Veilburn and her two juvenile assistants, was one of the greatest treats of the kind we have experiences in Australia . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jane Williamson alias Madame Veilburn (dancer)

MUSIC: Rory O'More (Lover)

"MRS. O'FLAHERTY'S (LATE MISS WINSTANLEY) BENEFIT", The Sydney Monitor (5 May 1841), 2

The performance at the "Victoria Theatre" to-morrow evening, are for the benefit of Mrs. O'Flaherty (late Miss Winstanley.) In making this known to our readers, it will not require solicitation on our part, to induce the admirers of perseverance and worth to attend the Theatre, on the occasion of Mrs. O'Flaherty's benefit, as this lady has by years of industry and assiduity gained for herself the esteem of the greatest pars of the visitants of the "Victoria Theatre." The talents of Mrs. O'Flaherty as an actress are well known . . . Between the first and second pieces, Miss A. Winstanley will sing the popular songs, of "a wet sheet and a flowing sea," "the young widow," and "Norah McCaisy," and Madame Veilburn and two of her pupils will dance . . . Tickets may be obtained at Mrs. O'Flaherty's, No. 26, Hutchinson's Buildings, Clarence-street . . .

MUSIC: A wet sheet and a flowing sea (words by Allan Cunningham);

"INSOLVENT DEBTOR'S COURT. Saturday, May 8, 1841.", The Australian (11 May 1841), 2

Lieutenant Henry Ximines, late of the 16th regiment of foot, who originally arrived in this Colony upon two years leave of absence, but, whose name has been erased from the late Army List just received, having sold out, appeared to claim his discharge under the Insolvent Act. The Insolvent handed in the following paper: -
"Previously to leaving England in the year 1840, I gave my father authority to dispose of my commission as an ensign in her Majesty's service, and he received the proceeds, which would amount to £450; I believe he has received this money and he has applied it in payment of a larger sum of money which I owe him for money lent and paid by him, for me, in India and England.
"I am, from what I have been informed, entitled, under the will of my uncle, Sir Maurice Ximenes, deceased, to a contingent remainder in-tail-expectant, on the death of Mrs. Hanmer, the wide of Colonel Hamner, both of whom are now living without issue, to certain real estate in Devonshire Place, Middlesex, England, and Bear-place, Berkshire, but I do not know the precise annual rents and profits thereof. I am also entitled to a contingent remainder under the same will, to certain other real estate at Bear-Ash, Berkshire, on the death of my mother, Eliza Ximenes; but this estate, I am informed, is liable to be defeated in the event of my death before my mother, the remainder being limited to the heirs male of my father, at the time of my mother's death. The precise annual rents and profits thereof, and my title to these estates, I only know by hearsay, but this is the best account I can give of them.
The insolvent sworn, was examined by Mr. Windeyer:
I arrived in the Colony about August last; I brought with me a capital of upwards of £1000; I bought horses three days after my arrival, of Mr. Jones the livery stable keeper . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (14 July 1841), 3

At St. James's, Sydney, on the 12th instant, by the Reverend Robert Allwood, M.A., Henry, eldest son of Major-General Sir David Ximenes, to Anne, second daughter of Mr. Wm. Winstanley, of Elizabeth-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: David Ximenes (father)

"THEATRICAL GOSSIP", The Sydney Herald (7 February 1842), 2 

That portion of the public which takes any interest in "things theatrical" have been in some little excitement lately in consequence of Signor Dalle Case having engaged the leading performers of the Victoria to play at the Olympic Theatre . . . According to the advertisement which appeared in Saturday's papers, we perceive that the Signor has engaged Mr. Knowles, undoubtedly the most clever performer in the colony, whether in tragedy or genteel comedy; Mrs. Knowles who sings a little, dances a little, and plays a general round of characters, better than any actress in Sydney; Mrs. O'Flaherty, who, as Miss Winstanley, was always a favorite, and plays heavy characters, both in tragedy and melodrama very well; her sister Mrs. Ximines, who sings and plays comedy . . . and Mr. O'Flaherty, of whom we know nothing, except that report (report always does speak highly of a new performer) speaks highly of him . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Luigi Dalle Case (gymnast, proprietor); Olympic Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 February 1842), 3 

THE Members of the above Order are requested to meet at Five Minutes to Three o'clock on WEDNESDAY 9th instant, at the Lodge Room, King-street, for the purpose of Interring our late Brother Winstanley.
By Order of the N. G., R. GOWLAND, Secretary.

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1842), 2

On Monday evening, Mrs. O'Flaherty took her benefit at the Olympic Theatre, when the curtain drew up to a most crowded house. Both Mrs. O'Flaherty and Mrs. Ximines are too great favourites with the public, for us to offer any word in their behalf, suffice it to say, that their performance was excellent, although a serious domestic calamity, the death of their father, took a great deal from the spirit of the performance. Jacobs broke down in a shocking manner in "Who deeply drinks of wine." Mr. J. can sing nothing but the "Horn of Chase," and should not attempt any thing else. Mr. O'Flaherty will certainly make a good actor, when he gets accustomed to treading the boards . . .

Mr. Winstanley, father of Mrs. O'Flaherty and Mrs. Ximines, died on Monday evening last about half past five. We were astonished how these ladies could find nerve enough to continue the performances after receiving so distressing a blow.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lewis Jacobs (actor, dancer, vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 2 

To conclude with the original Musical Burletta entitled THE MOCK CATALANI IN LITTLE PUDDLETON . . .
Song, "Oh men what silly things you are," Mrs. Ximenes . . .
Original "The pretty Bark Hut in the Bush," Mrs. Ximenes . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Nagel (playwright, composer)

PIECE & MUSIC: The mock Catalani (Nagel); O men what silly things you are (Barnett, introduced); The pretty bark hut in the bush (Nagel)

"DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1842), 2 

On the 22nd instant, a few hours after its birth, Henry, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Ximenes.

"MARRIED", The Australian (23 November 1844), 2 

ROCHE, Mr. J. W., eldest son of W. Roche, Esq., of Bristol, to Jane, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Winstanley, of Elizabeth-street, Sydney, at St. Mary's Church, Hyde Park, on the 20th instant.

David Burn, journal, Sydney, 18 February 1845, State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2 (DIGITISED) (TRANSCRIPT)

Tuesday 18 [February 1845]: Copied out, with emendations, Lieut. Strong for Mrs. Ximenes . . . Looked into the Theatre . . . The Col. Sec. there - Gave Mrs. Ximenes the song. Simes had £99 3/- last night.

ASSOCIATIONS: David Burn (playwright, songriter); there are two song lyrics in the printed text of Our first Lieutenant, Louisa's parody song The tars of other days have left us to Balfe's air The light of other days (page 283), and Mary singing the (? traditional) lyric Come ashore, Jacky Tar (300); however, there is no record of such a song having been sung by her

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1845), 5 

On Thursday, 2nd instant, at her residence, 296, Pitt-street, Mrs. J. W. Roche, of a daughter.

ASSOCIATIONS: Terese Roche (niece of Eliza, Edward, and Ann; grandaughter of William)

"THE THEATRICAL EXAMINER", The Examiner (4 October 1845), 69 

On Monday last Mr. Burn's play of "The Queen's Love" was performed for the first time before an Australian audience . . . That Mr. Burn possesses poetical talent of no mean order the following morceau will prove . . .

Sir Wilfred he mounted his war steed true,
And his Milan shirt he donn'd . . .

This graceful Romance . . . was set to music for the occasion by Mr. Nathan . . . Mr[s]. Ximenes had bestowed evident care in its study, and deserves much praise for the pains and skill with which she essayed to carry out the intention of the composer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (composer)

MUSIC: Sir Wilfred (Nathan)

"Supreme Court. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, INSOLVENCY JURISDICTION", Morning Chronicle (7 March 1846), 2 

. . . The certificate of discharge of Henry Charles O'Flaherty was confirmed by the Court . . .

"MRS. O'FLAHERTY'S FAREWELL BENEFIT", The Spectator (28 March 1846), 117 

This deservedly favorite actress, who is about to visit England, takes a Farewell Benefit at the City Theatre, Market-street, on Monday evening next. We feel assured that we need but draw attention to the announcement, which appears above, to induce our play-going readers to patronise a lady whose attention and exertions in her profession have secured her the approbation and good wishes of the Sydney public.

ASSOCIATIONS: City Theatre (Sydney venue)

[Advertisement], The Spectator (28 March 1846), 117 

MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 30, 1846 . . . previous to her departure from this colony to England . . .
a Solo on the Guitar, by Mr. O'Flaherty, by particular desire . . .

"DEPARTURES", Morning Chronicle (4 April 1846), 3

1. - Kinnear, barque, Capt. Veale; for London. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. O'Flaherty . . .

"Theatricals", Bell's Life in Sydney (25 July 1846), 2

WE think it is a remark of George Daniells' "that it is always pleasanter to greet success than to record a failure" - a sentiment in which we are always glad to concur when recording the doings of the Victoria corps dramatique, albeit such opportunities are "few and far between;" it is therefore with peculiar pleasure we refer to the brilliant success of "The Bohemian Girl" . . . That all his operas have been successful - some of them brilliantly so, and that "The Bohemian Girl" was played a larger number of consecutive nights than any musical production of the British stage is, we take it, a triumphant vindication of Balfe's genius and popularity, and quite sufficient to silence the miserable detractors of his fame . . . Mrs. Ximines, Florestan was nicely played, with an affectation really amusing. Why will so interesting an actress destroy the propriety and verisimilitude of the scene by continually gazing upon the occupants of the boxes . . .

"THEATRICALS", Sydney Chronicle (24 April 1847), 2

Mrs. O'Flaherty, formerly of the Sydney theatre, made a successful debut at the Manchester theatre in December last. The English papers speak of her in very flattering terms. - P. P. Patriot, April 7.

"THE DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (31 March 1849), 3

The Opera, this week, (the Ton) was Bellini's "La Sonnambula," its merits have been so often discussed, the task of criticism is almost superfluous, suffice it to say, it was performed, (if anything,) better than heretofore, and if all the music were sung it would be the greatest treat the manager could afforded us. The ladies, from the captivating Prima Donna (Amina), the bewitching Lisa, to the Graceful Griffiths, one and all seemed unusually inspirited - and for the gentlemen, the Messieurs Howson, if possible, excelled themselves. W. Griffiths also, (not our Jolly Varmer Ashfield field) must have been trying the effects of electricity tricity, he was actually lively. Mrs. Ximenes appeared for the last time, (prior to her departure for England,) as Lisa, before a crowded and fashionable audience, who were there to pay tribute to their fascinating favorite - she was most rapturously received, and for some minutes apparently overcome by so unequivocal a demonstration in her favour, however, soon gaining confidence, she boldly and sweetly warbled sounds so joyful, and played throughout with undiminished admoreation. Pas de Fascination followed, in which Mrs. Ximenes has made the character, Katherine Kloper, exclusively her own - at the fall of the curtain she was loudly called for, and the Pretty Star of the night was led on by the gallant Frank Howson. If her tongue did not acknowledge the compliment - her eyes spoke volumes - it thundered applause and rained natural Bouquets as she smiled her adieus - indeed the stage instead of being devoted to Thespis, seemed the garden of Flora.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Griffiths (vocalist, actor) and daughters (dancers); Jolly Varmer Ashfield = John Gordon Griffiths (actor, manager); Frank Howson (actor, vocalist); John Howson (actor, vocalist)

"SELECTIONS FROM AUSTRALIAN POETS. No. O. MRS. XIMENES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 3 

THE retirement of this talented and fascinating actress from the stage has warmed the germs of poetry, (long lying dormant in the bosoms of our youthful friends,) into full flower. On our table are now lying twenty effusions eulogistic in the extreme, upon the mental and personal qualifications of this deservedly popular lady. Where so much excellent poetry abounds, we confess ourselves puzzled to select - to publish all would far exceed our limits. Placed in this unpleasant dilemma, we can only afford to make a few extracts with which we sincerely hope our contributors and the public will be satisfied. First on the list stands our valued correspondent "Dramaticus," who thus invokes the sympathy of the Australians for their irremediable loss:-

"Sons of Australia! Mourn with me,
Bewail our common fate,
Let Cypress wreaths and willow tree
Mark our forlorn, bereav-ed state.
Mourn that our cruel destiny
Hath made such terrible decree
The fairest flower of Comedy,
Our longing eyes no more shall see.

He then proceeds to state that the Muses attended at her birth, "each with a gift," which they conferred upon her. Afterwards he dwells upon her personal charms:-

The pearly teeth! that smile! those eyes!
Of charms a killing combination;
'Twere hard to part with such a prize,
Forego such luring fascination.

After enumerating her admirable histrionic powers he dilates upon her home-qualities; of which he had ample opportunities of judging.

I've seen her 'ere she was a bride
As Clara - Maiden of Milan -
I've seen her at her own fireside
And there she shone the LADY Anne."

He concludes with hearty prayers for her welfare wherever she may be, and invokes myriad blessings upon her lovely head. 

No. 2. The next contribution is signed by "An Intense and Ferwent Ah-dorer." It is evidently a very youthful production, and reminds one occasionally of Bayly's beautiful ballad - "The Soldier's Tear." We extract a verse as a sample:-

I stood on Thursday night,
One corner or the pit;
And saw my Heart's Delight
About the stage to quit;
I marked the wreaths down pop
Her snowy breast to cheer,
And when the baize did drop,
I also dropped a tear." 

No. 3. This is of a far deeper description; and with much rich poetical coloring exhibits all the intensity of a passionate mind strung to the utmost powers of tension by an overwhelming, simoom-whirlwind sweeping horrible event of desolation. It is signed Theodore Mount-Cassel Seedy-tile, De Beevor, Da Gossamere, the Napless One.

There's a denseness - there's a blackness - there's a gloom on every thing,
As if a nation madly mourned the death of Queen or King.
The once light, joyous play-house seems a charnel-house of bones,
And the string-ed violins pour out most sad sepulchral tones.

The gentle Gibbs perched on his seat is looking all forlorn,
And portly Hudson half forgets to blow his blessed horn;
The very tap on music stand which each musician bids
To play up, sounds, like knocking black tacks into coffin lids.

"What means?" I cried "this scene so em-blematical of woe?"
A little boy said sobbingly - "Sir, if you'd wish to know--
(Meanwhile he sucked an orange ripe - so like that tender age;)
'Tis Missis Jemmy-knees vots on, a goin off the stage!"

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gibbs (violin, leader of the theatrical band); George Hudson (musician, theatrical band) 

No. 4. Is a mixture of Milton and Tom Hood. It is classically signed "Sigh-O."

"Ung bee, the Evings with black,
The thea-tur, with sable.
Since oh! to take Ximenes back
A ship as kut ur k-ble." 

No. 5. Comes under the class of the "Grandiloquent Pindaric." It is evidently the composition of a mind exquisitely sensitive, which has been unhinged. We should be deeply grieved to hear of a vacancy occurring in any of the extensive drapery establishments in Pitt and George-streets, but we cannot drive away a melancholy foreboding that there will be one short in the counter account some of these fine mornings. Are these lines not sufficient to justify the thought?

"Let violin and harp
Deep bass and dulcet flute
Be mute
As mice
Since she so nice,
So mild, and yet so sharp,
Is gone - for ever gone!
Hark! hark! I hear a moan
Just like the blust'ring breezes
Which whistle through the trees-es
When all their sere leaves flown
And hopped the twigs
Are dancing jigs
Round post and pavement stone!
Sweet Mrs. X.
How could you vex
Us thus, by leaving us all - all alone!
And now it seems
That in my dreams
Thy form I spy
Almost sky high -
Ah! Mr. Wyatt
Do you not spy it,
Or do you think it is all my eye?
"No - No - No
I shall never see her more" -
Is Joseph Wyatt's sad reply.
"I'll drop the curtain
For 'tis quite certain
The house will he empty if she's not nigh."
Madness - madness seizes my brain -
Furies - furies - are clanking the chain,
Their elf-locks twisting like knotted snakes,
Fire from their eyeballs falling in flakes,
Sharp hisses fly out with every word
Like the ominous sounds of the Michaelmas bird,
Or the Monarch of air when on whirring wing
He pounces down on some innocent thing,
Whetting with gore his talons and beak
Ere his nest he seeks on the mountain peak.
Myriad forms now round me flit,
Forms in the gallery - forms in the pit -
But the form that I worship in vain I seek -
It has fled - Ha! ha!! ha!!! - I'm for Tarban Creek!!!!

The intensity of these sufferings is so dreadful that we cannot pursue the subject further. Oh! Mrs. X. you have much to answer for - you have turned the heads of half the youths in Sydney - before you go be pleased to turn them round again.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Wyatt (theatre proprietor)

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (13 April 1849), 2

April 12.- John Calvin, barque, 505 tons, Captain Davison, for London. Passengers - . . . Mrs. Ximenes and child . . .

Mrs. O' Flaherty, and Mistress Quickly, c. 1850s

Mrs. O' Flaherty, and Mistress Quickly (from Tallis's gallery of of distinguished actors and actresses of the 'fifties)

After 1849:

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1849), 3 

Of consumption, on Saturday last, at his mother's residence, Phillip-street, Edward Winstanley, eldest son of the late Wm. Winstanley, aged 28 years.

Burials in the Highgate Cemetery of Saint James', in the Parish of Saint Pancras . . . in the Year 1854; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 11360 / Henry Charles O'Flaherty / 3, Gothic Cottages, Park Village East, Regents Park / [buried] Nov'r 3rd / 35 years . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (14 June 1867), 4

WINSTANLEY. - On the 10th inst., at her residence, No. 2 Webb-street, Fitzroy, Mrs. Elizabeth Winstanley, mother of Mrs. O'Flaherty and Mrs. Ximenes, of London, aged seventy two. Sydney and home papers please copy.

Names and descriptions of passengers per Aconcagua from London, 25 October 1878, for Melbourne; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Eliza Winstanley / 40 [sic] / No occ[upation] / English / [for] Melbourne

"AMUSEMENTS", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (11 January 1879), 18 

Mrs. Eliza Winstanley, who many years ago was connected with the colonial stage, is at present in Melbourne, haying arrived here recently for the benefit of her health. This lady will be remembered by old playgoers with pleasurable feelings, as she was professionally, and in private circles, regarded as a favorite. She has been for many years devoting herself to literary pursuits, and her name as an authoress must be familiar to readers of Loudon publications. She has written some admirable novels, and as a sketch writer has always obtained ready admission for her contributions to serials in the old country.

"Twyford. THE LATE MR. H. C. M. XIMENES", Henley Advertiser [England] (19 August 1905), 8 (PAYWALL)

Our obituary last week contained the notice of the death at Kilverstone, Hove, of Mr. Henry Cockburn Milne Ximenes, late 16th Regiment, and formerly of Bear Place, Twyford, in his 87th year. The deceased gentleman was the youngest surviving son of the late General Sir David Ximenes, K.C.H., by the daughter of the late Admiral Fitzherbert Evans, and a descendant of Jean Ximenes, brother of Cardinal Ximenes, Regent of Spain in 1506. After disposing of his estates in Berkshire, Mr. Ximenes lived for several years in Lennox Road, Southsea, and was a familiar figure at the Royal Albert Yacht Club.

"DEATHS", Westminster Gazette [London, England] (8 October 1908), 8 (PAYWALL)

XIMENES. - On the 5th inst., at Kilverstone, Hove, the residence of her son-in-law, Major Douglas Archer, Anne, widow of Henry C. M. Ximenes, Esq., formerly of Bear Place, Berkshire.

Musical editions (Edward):

The lancers' quadrilles (Duval of Dublin's second set) . . . as danced at Almack's, London, to which is added a new waltz by Sig'r Spagnoletti, and the Stop waltz (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1839]): cover vignette: "J. Carmichael, Del't Sc." (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Carmichael (engraver)

We have lived and loved together, a ballad, by Henri Herz (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1839])


But compare US Edition (Boston: C. Bradle, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)

Musical editions (Ann):

"Sir Wilfred," the much admired romance, sung by Mrs. Ximenes, in the very successful tragic play produced at the Victoria Theatre, Sydney, entitled "The queen's love", author - David Burn, esq., composer - I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Baker, [1845]) (DIGITISED)

Literary works (Eliza):

Shifting scenes in theatrical life by Eliza Winstanley, comedian (London: Routledge, Warne, & Routledge, 1859) (DIGITISED)

Shifting scenes in theatrical life by Eliza Winstanley, comedian . . . a new edition (London: Thomas Hailes Lacy, 1864) (DIGITISED)

For her natural life: a tale of the 1830s; serialised in Bow bells [London] (July to December 1876) 

Bibliography and resources:

"ANNALS OF THE TURF AND OTHER PASTIMES . . . No. LVI (By 'Hayseed')", Sydney Sportsman (8 June 1904), 8 

. . . The lady mentioned here as Miss Winstanley was properly Mrs. Eliza Winstanley. She was an admirable actress, and had a wide reputation both in England and Australia. As a writer in after years said of her, she was one of the very best 'old women' in more senses than one. She was also an authoress of some repute, contributing profusely to English periodicals. She was the authoress of a very readable work, "Shifting Scenes in Theatrical Life," and an Australian novel (founded on facts) entitled, "Twenty Straws," a very readable and interesting publication. Mrs. Winstanley was living in Geelong in 1880. I think she married a Mr. O'Flaherty, and for a time, in the early forties, played under this name. She, however, reverted to her earlier name, that by which she was best known both in England and Australia . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde ("Hayseed", memoirist);

"MUMMER MEMOIRS . . . No. 53 (By 'Hayseed')", Sydney Sportsman (27 January 1909), 2 

"ELIZA WINSTANLEY. A FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN ACTRESS AND WRITER. By GEO. G. REEVE", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (23 January 1925), 14

. . . In the year 1845 [sic, 1846] Mrs. O'Flaherty and her husband visited England and travelled extensively on the Continent, visiting France, Russia, and Germany in turn, and in 1848 the actress went to America and appeared at the Astor Place Opera House, New York, in her famous role of Mistress Quickly . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George G. Reeve (journalist)

"ELIZA WINSTANLEY. THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN ACTRESS. (By MARGARET SWANN)", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (21 August 1931), 2

N. M. Robinson, "O'Flaherty, Eliza (1818-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"William Winstanley", Design & art Australia online (DAAO)

"Edward Winstanley", Design & art Australia online (DAAO) 

Nance Irvine, Eliza! Eliza!: the biography of Eliza Winstanley, 1818-1882 (Canberra: Mulini Press, 1997)

Catriona Mills, Women at work on page and stage: the work of Eliza Winstanley (Ph.D Thesis, University of Queensland, 2008)

WINTER, Richard (Richard William WINTER; Richard WINTER; Mr. WINTER; Mr. WINTERS)

Actor, comedian, vocalist, comic vocalist, theatrical manager, theatrical machinist, cabinetmaker, turner, licensed victualler, publican

Born London, England, 20 August 1808; baptised St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 12 September 1808; son of Henry WINTER and Mary KELL
Married Eliza COCK (1815-1902), St. Luke, Finsbury, 30 June 1833
Arrived Hobart Town, 5 April 1834 (per Industry, from London, 20 August 1833) Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1834 (per Industry, from Hobart Town, "cabinetmaker")
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), January 1841
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 4 November 1885, aged "77/78" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Richard Winter (c. 1870s)

Richard Winter (c. 1870s)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Leonard Shoreditch in the year 1808; register 1807-12; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Richard William son of Henry & Mary Winter of Union Build'gs Born Aug'st 20th / 12 September

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Saint Luke [Finsbury] in the county of Middlesex in the year 1833; register 1824-37, page 46; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 138 / Richard William Winter of this Parish Bachelor and Eliza Cock [sic] of this Parish Spinster
were married in this church by Banns this [30 June 1833] . . .

"SHIP NEWS", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser [Hobart Town, TAS] (8 April 1834), 2 

APRIL 5. - Arrived the schooner Industry, 95 tons, Captain J. H. Dawson, from London, which she left the 20th August, and from the Cape of Good Hope, February 1, with a general cargo; . . . for Sydney . . . steerage, Mr. and Mrs. Winter.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (8 April 1834), 3 

Theatre, Hobart Town.
TO-MORROW Evening will be performed (the second time) SPEED THE PLOUGH.
To conclude with LOVE IN HUMBLE LIFE.
Between the pieces Mr. Winter will sing a comic song (his first appearance.)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (manager); William Wilkins Russell (manager); Theatre Argyle Rooms (Hobart venue)

Sydney, NSW (May 1834 to January 1841):

Arrivals, per Industry, Sydney, 18 May 1834; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Richard Winter / Cabinetmaker / Steerage / [residence] England // Mrs. Winter . . .

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor [NSW] (21 May 1834), 2 

On Sunday, the schooner Industry, Capt. McClelland, with a general cargo. Passengers from London . . . Mr. and Mrs. Winter . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. James, Sydney in the year 1835; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAYWALL)

22 March 1835 / Richard William / born 25 February 1835 / [son of] Richard William & Eliza / Winter / Chain Maker [sic, ? cabinet]

[Advertisement], The Australian (16 September 1836), 3 

Theatre Royal, Sydney.
ON SATURDAY EVENING, September 17th 1836, will be presented for the first
time this Season, the favorite domestic Drama, called LUKE THE LABOURER; OR THE LOST SON . . .
Luke the Labourer - Mr. Knowles . . .
Bobby Trot, a country lad, (first time) - Mr. Winters . . .
Jenny, a country girl - Mrs. Jones.
In Act 1st. a Comic Duet by Mrs. Jones and Mr. Winters . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad Knowles (actor, stage manager); Harriet Jones (actor, vocalist); Theatre Royal (Sydney venue)

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. James, Sydney in the year 1837; Biographical database of Australia (BDA) (PAYWALL)

30 July 1837 / Alfred / born 8 July 1837 / [son of] Richard William & Eliza / Winter / Cabinet Maker

[News], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (6 January 1838), 2 

On Thursday, Mr. Richard Winters, removed his license, "The Man of Kent," from the corner of Castlereagh and Goulburn-streets, to the Surry Hills.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1838), 2 

On Saturday evening last the Theatre Royal was closed unexpectedly. Mr. Wyatt having taken the house, the best of Mrs. Levy's company have been engaged to join the Royal Victoria Theatre . . . Since the above was written, we learn that, of the performers unceremoniously dismissed by Mrs. Levy on Saturday last, Mrs. Clarke, Mr. and Mrs. Cameron, Mr. and Miss Lazar, and Mr. Munyard, have already obtained engagements at the new Theatre. Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Larra and Mr. Winters will probably be engaged in the course of the week . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Emma Levy (proprietor of old theatre); Joseph Wyatt (proprietor of new theatre); Anne Remens Clarke (actor); Samson and Cordelia Cameron (actors); John and Rachel Lazar (actors); Mark Munyard (actor); Maria Taylor (actor); Mary Ann Larra (actor); Royal Victoria Theatre (new Sydney venue)

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. SUPREME COURT - Criminal Side. Saturday, November 3rd", The Sydney Herald (5 November 1838), 2 

James Wotton and John Smith were indicted tor assaulting and robbing Richard Winters, on the South Head Road, on the 30th August. The prosecutor resided at the South Head Road, and was a performer at the Theatre. On the evening of the day laid in the indictment, Winters was coming into town, and was stopped by the two prisoners, who robbed him of a few shillings in silver. The next day he saw the same two men (who were both runaway convicts) standing near the same place, and caused them to be apprehended. Guilty - Death recorded (To be recommended for a commutation of three years to an ironed gang.)

"TOMORROW", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (4 January 1841), 3 

MR. JOHN HALL. - At the residence of Mr. Winter, Goulbourn-street, Household Furniture, Beer Engine and Spirit Fountain, Beautiful Theatrical Wardrobe, Wines and Spirits.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 January 1841), 3 

To Publicans, Dealers and Others.
JOHN HALL will sell by Auction, THIS DAY, the 5th instant, at the residence of
Mr. Richard Winter, in Goulburn-treet, (late Man of Kent) who is about to proceed to Port Phillip,
numerous and splendid assortment of Household Furnitures.
An excellent Beer Engine, with superb spirit Fountain.
A quantity of Wines and Spirits, and though last not least, a beautiful wardrobe.

"Court of Quarter Sessions. THURSDAY, JANUARY 7", Australasian Chronicle (9 January 1841), 3 

Bridget Hardigan was found guilty of stealing a piece of linen, two shawls, and some handkerchiefs, the property of Mr. Richard Winter, of Goulburn-street, on the 22nd of September last, and was sentenced to be imprisoned three months in Sydney gaol; every fourth week in solitary confinement.

Melbourne, NSW (VIC) (from January 1841):

"THEATRICALS.", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (4 February 1841), 2 

Mr. Winters, the comedian, has arrived in Melbourne by the Christina from Sydney, and purposes taking up his abode among us. Winters will form an invaluable accession to the theatrical corps about to be formed in this town. In figure, bulk, and style of acting, he resembles little Buckstone of the London theatres, but the cut of his mug is even more inexpressibly comical. In the line of character which Buckstone has chalked out for himself in his numerous domestic dramas, Winters surpasses his prototype, and though like Buckstone there is a little too much of sameness in his personification of different characters, still we defy the veriest stoic to refrain from greeting him on his first appearance on the stage with loud and continued laughter. Winters has come to Melbourne not in the character of a Thespian, but to pick up a livelihood in the way of his trade, we are sure however, that he is still sufficiently alive to the attractions of the stage, to render it no very difficult matter to persuade him to resume "the sock and buskin."

ASSOCIATIONS: John Baldwin Buckstone (English comedian and playwright)

"THE THEATRE", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (8 December 1842), 2 

To-night Mr. Winter takes his benefit at the Theatre. The performances are to be under the joint patronage of the ancient and honourable fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, and of the honourable order of Independent Odd Fellows, to both of which bodies Mr. Winter has the honour to belong. The Masons, we understand, will wear their aprons, and the Odd Fellows are to appear in full costume, the novelty of the scene cannot therefore fail to draw a full house, independently altogether of Mr. Winter's claims on public consideration, which cannot possibly be overlooked by the play-goers, whom night after night he has convulsed with laughter. It would, indeed, furnish matter of reproach to the inhabitants of Melbourne, if Winter's benefit were to prove a failure.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (27 May 1843), 3 

This Evening, 27th. May, WILL be performed the laughable Farce entitled
MORE FRIGHTENED THAN HURT; OR, The Horrors of the Heart.
After which, a Dance by Mr. Egerton [sic, / Mrs.]. A Dance by Mr. Boyd.
The whole to conclude with GILDEROY; OR, The Bonnie Boy.
RICHARD WINTER, Stage Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Victoria Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor of the . . .", Port Phillip Gazette (7 February 1844), 2 

SIR, - I beg you will be kind enough to insert the following remarks on two articles relative to the Theatre, the one having appeared in the Herald of 2nd instant, and the other in the Patriot of this morning. Mr. Miller is accused of singing a song between the drama and farce, not suited to ears polite. The comedy of The Hypocrite is alluded to as being blasphemous, &c., &c. An Allusion is made also to an introduction of words in the comedy not written by the author. It is stated that a Mr. Young was highly incensed on listening to Mr. Miller's song. A further reflection is also made on Mr. Winter, for singing a comic song called "I'm too little for anything."

To each of these remarks allow me to reply. - 1st, that the song sung by Mr. Miller on the evening alluded to, I have heard sung by John Reeve at the Adelphi Theatre, London, many times to fashionable audiences. The same remark will apply relative to Mr. Winter's song, which has been sung night after night at the Strand Theatre by W. S. Hammond [sic], and the taste of the audience was never offended . . . As far as the said Mr. Young is concerned, I beg to observe, that I do not know whether the party to whom I am about to allude is Mr. Young or not, but certain it is that a person in the boxes did express disapprobation at Mr. Miller's song, and that the said person was in, such a state of beastly intoxication, that if any lady quitted the dress boxes, it must have been for the purpose of avoiding the blackguardism of the men, and not the song of Mr. Miller. Fortunately for the person in question, the special constables employed by me were not at hand at the moment, or the worthy should have passed his evening in the watchhouse. Whether it be Mr. Young or Mr. Anybody else, I caution the parties in future.

[3] In conclusion, I fear that there is a little animus betrayed by the writers of the articles in question, not at all creditable to themselves. I pursue the even tenor of my way; my aim is to please the public, and I defy any one to say that during a long professional career I ever sanctioned anything offensive to the public, either on the stage or any where else.
I am, Sir, Your obedient servant,
C. KNOWLES. Victoria Theatre, 5th February, 1844 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Miller (comic vocalist, Melbourne); John Reeve (London comic vocalist); William John Hammond (London comic vocalist)

MUSIC: They say I'm too little for anything [tune: Jeremy Diddler]

"THEATRICALS", Port Phillip Gazette (8 January 1845), 2 

On Saturday last, Mr. Winter the turner, applied to the presiding Magistrates at the Mayor's Court for a license to the old Theatre in Bourke street. The Mayor informed the applicant that it was customary to convene a special bench of Magistrates when applications for theatrical licenses were made. Mr. Cameron also applied far the renewal of his license, and inclosed in his application, a letter from the Receiver of the Court of Equity recommending the renewal, and stating that he had made arrangements to let the Theatre to Mr. Cameron. If the bench purpose to grant a fresh license, we do not see upon what grounds they could refuse Mr. Cameron's license, who has for the past six months laboured incessantly for the public amusement, notwithstanding the many misfortunes he has had to contend with - Mr. C. has had the theatre through a dreary and inclement winter, losing considerably every week and now that there is a chance of his retrieving his losses, up starts another applicant for the license, who has not professional ability to conduct the Theatre; in short, Mr. Winter is a good mechanic, and we advise him to stick to his trade, and not endeavour to deprive those of a livelihood who have nothing but their profession to depend upon. Mr. Cameron having done nothing that could vitiate his license, we feel assured that he will be the successful applicant. Winter has not the shadow of a claim upon the consideration of the Bench; and Mr. Cameron having conducted the theatre in a respectable manner, is certainly entitled to the renewal of the license in preference to a stranger.

"Queen's Theatre Royal", The Melbourne Argus (28 May 1847), 2 

Queen's Theatre Royal. LAST NIGHT OF THE SEASON!!!
This EVENING, (Friday) May 28, the Performances will commence with the celebrated comedy, entitled THE HONEYMOON.
Comic Song by an Amateur. Song, The Unfortunate Man, Mr. Hambleton. Song, Mr. Winter.
The Evening's entertainments will conclude with a musical farce, in two acts, entitled
THE REVIEW; or, THE WAGES OF WINDSOR, in which Mr. Winter, P. V., will perform the part of John Lump.
For particulars, see small bills.
J. T. SMITH, Proprietor.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hambleton (actor, vocalist); John Thomas Smith (proprietor); Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Peter's Melbourne in the County of Bourke in the Year 1848; register 1848-59, page 2; St. Peter's Eastern Hill (PAYWALL)

No. 18 / 18 September / [born] June 17 1848 / Edwin Francis / [son of] Richard & Eliza / Winter / Bourke Street Melbourne / Cabinet maker . . .

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (3 March 1849), 3 

Queen's Theatre, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF THE LICENSED VICTUALLERS. FOR THE BENEFIT OF MISS AND MASTER CHAMBERS . . . The whole to conclude with the Tragical Burlesque Opera of BOMBASTES FURIOSO. In the course of the Opera the following Songs, &c. Song, "My Lodging is on the cold ground," Mr. Winter.
Duet, "I'll quickly run you through," Master Chambers and Mr. Winter.
Finale, by the characters . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Amy and Joseph Chambers junior (dancers, actors, vocalists); Morton King (actor, manager)

MUSIC: My lodging is in Leather-lane (song) to My lodging is on the cold ground (tune); I'll quickly run you through (song) to Weippert's fancy (tune)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 July 1849), 3 

MR. CAPPER Respectfully solicits the support of his friends and the public generally to his
BENEFIT, WHICH IS FIXED FOR Wednesday Evening next, JULY 11th, 1849.
On which occasion the beautiful Tragedy of MACBETH
Will be produced with the original music, introducing the Grotesque Ceremony of the witches,
the ascending and descending of Hecate in most BRILLIANT FIRES,
As now produced at all the Theatres in London . . .
First Witch - Mr. Winter.
Second Witch - Mr. Searle, who has kindly offered his services on this occasion.
Third Witch - Mrs. Avins . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Capper (actor); Julia Avins (actor, vocalist)

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (correctly by Richard Leveridge)

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (11 January 1851), 3 

Island of Jewels, The most gorgeous and expensive production of the Australian Colonies . . .
On MONDAY EVENING, 13th January 1851 WILL be performed an entirely New and Gorgeous Grand Comic Fairy Extravaganza, in Two Acts, founded on the Countess D'Anois story, "Serpentine Vert," called
The scenery entirely new, painted by Mr. J. P. Watts; the machinery, by Mr. Winter;
dresses, Mrs. Evans; properties, Mr. Douglas; the Music arranged by Mr. Megson . . .

"DEATHS", The Herald (5 November 1885), 2 

WINTER. - On the 4th inst., at his residence, 172 Latrobe street, Melbourne, Richard William Winter, in his 78th year. A colonist of 51 years, and one of the pioneers of the Manchester Unity Order of Oddfellows.

WINTER, Robert George (Robert George WINTER; R. G. WINTER)

Pianoforte maker, piano manufacturer (formerly of Kirkmann's, London), cabinet maker

Born Somerset, England, 1831; baptised Bedminster, 22 May 1831; son of John WINTER and Elizabeth ?
Married Esther Julia BRYANT (c. 1827-1910), St. Pancras, London, England, 14 November 1852
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 29 December 1856 (per Woodcote, from London, 7 October, aged "26")
Died Hobart, TAS, 16 August 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Bedminster in the county of Somerset in the year 1831; register 1813-32, page 280; Bristol Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 2233 / 1831 22nd May / Robert George son of / John & Elizabeth / Winter / Queen St. / Sawyer . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, St. Pancras, Marylebone; UK National Archives, HO107/1496/245/48 (PAYWALL)

40 Crescent St. / John Winter / Head / Mar. / 51 / Sawyer / [born] Somerset
Elizabeth [Winter] / Wife / Mar. / 51 / - / [born Somerset]
Robert [Winter] / Son / Un. / 20 / Pianoforte Maker / [born Somerset]

1852, marriage solemnized at St. Pancras Church in the Parish of St. Pancras in the county of Middlesex; register 1852-53, page 110; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 220 / Nov'r 14 / Robert George Winter / full [age] bachelor / Piano-forte Maker / Barclay St. / [father] John Winter / Sawyer
Esther Julia Bryant / full / Spinster / - / [Barclay St.] / [father] Henry Bryant / Surgeon

Hobart Town, TAS (from December 1856):

Descriptive list of immigrants per Woodcote from London, 7 October 1856, to Hobart Town, 28 December 1856; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1600468; CB7/12/1/7 p18 (DIGITISED)

Winter Robert George / 26 / Very tall - dark hair, eyes & complexion - slight figure - respectable looking / [born] Bristol / Cabinet Maker / [sent out on application of] Charlotte Bryant
[Winter] Esther Julia / 28 / [born] London / Housemaid / . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Bryant (c. 1805-1883, ? Esther's mother or aunt)

"COURT OF REQUESTS. FRIDAY. £30 JURISDICTION . . . KEAN v. WILLIAMS", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 February 1859), 3 

An action to recover £28 18s. 8d. for work and labor done as a plasterer . . . John Williams, the defendant, stated that complainant had not duly performed his contract and described sundry defects in the plastering. To complete the contract he considered would cost at least £40 . . .
Robert Winter gave similar testimony . . . the Jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, damages £20.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Williams (pianoforte maker, probably Winter's employer)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 March 1865), 1 

STANLEY & WINTER BEG to inform the musical public of Tasmania that, having purchased the whole of the manufacturing plant belonging to the late Mr. John Williams, they are prepared to execute orders for the manufacture, repair, tuning, and regulating of all kinds of musical instruments.
Orders received by Mrs. Williams, Liverpool-street; and at the manufactory, Elizabeth-street, opposite Burn's Auction Mart.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Millwood Stanley (pianoforte maker); Kirkman and sons (London pianoforte makers)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 March 1867), 1 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the partnership heretofore subsisting between us, the Undersigned, carrying on business as Pianoforte Makers in Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town, under the style or firm of STANLEY & WINTER, is this day dissolved by mutual consent.
All debts due and owing to and by the said concern will be received and paid by Robert Winter, who will in future carry on the said business under the style or firm of Winter and Farnfield.
Dated this 16th day of March, 1867.
Witness - W. HISSEY.
Mr. J. M. STANLEY will in future carry on the Tuning department on his own account,
orders for which will be received as usual, and punctually attended to.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Farnfield (cabinet maker)

[Advertisement], The Mercury (27 June 1868), 1 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Partnership hitherto subsisting between the undersigned as Pianoforte Makers has this day been dissolved by mutual consent.
Robert George WINTER will carry on the business in future, and will pay all debts due by and receive all monies owing to the partnership.
Dated this 26th day of June, 1868.
Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town.
Witness - C. H. Elliston, Solicitor, Hobart Town.

"OUR LOCAL INDUSTRIES. - No. 3 - MESSRS. WINTER AND CO.'S PIANO MANUFACTORY", The Tasmanian Times (31 July 1869), 2 

There are comparatively few, we feel sure, who are aware that there exists in this city an establishment at which pianofortes of almost unsurpassed excellence can be produced, rich in tone, possessing great durability, and, what is a matter of importance, comparatively cheap in price. A bad piano is dear at any price, as too many have no doubt found to their cost, and a little extra outlay in the first place as an undoubted saving subsequently. The manufactory to which we refer is that of Messrs. Winter and Company, of Elizabeth-street. Mr. Winter, having served his time in the large establishment of Kirkman and Sons, - pianoforte makers, of great repute in the home country, and manufacturers of a great number of the instruments which are imported into these colonies - follows their models pretty closely, taking advantage, however, of any and every invention and novelty which may appear to be an improvement. At a recent visit to the manufactory of this firm we found one instrument just finished, and another in process of construction, enabling us thoroughly to test the one as to tone and compass, and the other as to the materials and workmanship.

The one completed, which is now on show, was a full cottage pianoforte in shape of rosewood frame, with most elegantly designed and skilfully cut fretwork or carving as it is most generally called, and elaborate trusses instead of the ordinary plain and unornamental legs. The keys are of the most novel pattern, being what is known as "registered keys" with electric fronts. The sharp edges and corners of the ivory of the keys had long been felt a source of annoyance, both by professors and amateurs, but this is got rid of by this new invention, which whilst being more sightly in appearance, from the introduction of a concaved front slip, affords greater and more agreeable facility to the fingers in rapid execution. The instrument is a seven-octave, has full, rich base, and clear treble notes, and great power, adapting it for a large-sized room. The workmanship of the interior is as praiseworthy as that of the exterior; indeed in the many pianos which we have inspected, of home and colonial manufacture, we can safely assert that it cannot be excelled; here, too, are some of the more recent improvements - the metallic bridge and bearing, and the patent hoppers. The latter was designed by Messrs. H. Brooks and Company, of London, to remedy the long-continued complaints of the trade and the musical profession of the defects of that important part of the piano action. Its recommendations are that it is perfectly noiseless in action, is entirely free from that great evil - blocking - and it imparts a delicacy to the touch, affording satisfaction to the most sensitive finger. The more bulky parts of the pianofortes, being hidden from view, are generally clumsily and inexpensively put together, but Messrs. Winter and Co. are unsparing in pains to give good material and good workmanship in every portion of the instruments which they produce, and the policy of so doing is undoubted.

The second piano inspected by us had a rich case of exquisitely-grained Italian walnut, and when finished will certainly be a splendid instrument - the veneers being so arranged as to form a pale star in the centre. We have already commended the execution and the tone, - now for the price. A piano, of Kirkman's make - similar to those we have been describing above - would cost, in London, £75. Before it could be landed in this colony there would have to be added, cost of packing case £3, freight £3 to £4 according to size, duty £5, and sundry charges, £2, without any profit or commission. Messrs. Winter and Co. can furnish it for £70, the materials of the very best that can be imported. At present they use few colonial woods, but have well-seasoned oak (from the old convict hulk Anson), Spanish mahogany, beech, pine and deal. They purpose, however, testing veneers of colonial wood which are now so skilfully cut by the enterprising firm of Alcock and Co., of Melbourne.

Messrs. Winter have every appliance for the proper performance of their work, all their fretwork is cut on the premises by a jig saw, and they have a simple yet most ingenious machine for spinning their wire-strings, which is similar to that in use at the manufactory of Messrs. Wilkie, Webster and Co., of Melbourne. The steel wire being kept in a state of tension in a small frame, it is overlaid with coils of copper wire with the greatest speed, evenness and regularity by means of a spindle and fly wheel. We also noticed a small machine for tuning harmonium or flutina notes, and were informed that on a broken note of the former instrument being sent to them with the octave, it can be repaired and tuned at once and returned by post. The firm also manufacture music stools, Canterburys, &c., &c.

We gladly call attention to this comparatively new Tasmanian enterprise, and shall be pleased if our doing so induces purchasers of pianofortes to pause before investing their money on the low-priced instruments, which purchased at home for about £20 are disposed of here at £35 to £40, and are, after a few years, all but worthless, or before entailing the additional costs which are added to the purchase money in England. The pianos we inspected, and which we have described, speak for themselves; they will bear, we feel sure, any test, and should be preferred - as of native workmanship - to those which are imported.


. . . The rosewood and walnut cottage pianofortes on the platform, from the manufactory of Messrs. Winter and Co., Elizabeth-street, were both of 7 octaves, provided with Brooke's improved escapement lovers and hoppers, and patent elliptic fronted keys, metallic bridge and bearings, and with those exceptions the work was colonial. The case making, bellying, and furnishing were done by Mr. R. G. Winter, (who for fifteen years was attached to Kirkman's, London); the stringing, registering, and tuning by Mr. J. M. Stanley. The fret work with which the instrument was ornamented was cut with the hand-saw. The moulding, in which there was great art, especially that of the Italian walnut, the material used for one of the instruments, was difficult to veneer. These pianos were turned out in a perfectly finished style, equal to, although the prices were much lower than, Kirkman's. £70 was the selling price of the walnut, the same style, size, and make as Kirkman's at £90; and £65 that of the rosewood, £85 being Kirkman's figure. The firm has manufactured including those two, thirty pianos, all previous ones being highly spoken of. The firm state that they are going in for the manufacture of harmoniums, hoping to turn out half-a-dozen within the next three months . . .

"COLONIAL MADE HARMONIUMS", The Tasmanian Times (3 October 1870), 2 

Messrs. R. G. Winter & Co, of Elizabeth-street, are now turning out some really first rate colonial manufactured harmoniums. They are in cedar cases with lightwood pillars. They have two very neat instruments just finished, eight stops, with all the latest improvements. The fixing of the tongue, and tuning part of the business is done by Mr. Stanley, a partner in the firm. The tone of the one finished is mellow, and quite equal to the imported instruments. We should recommend a visit to the establishment.

"LOCAL MANUFACTURES", The Mercury (8 October 1870), 3 

In some things so great is the improvement in local manufactures that imports are likely to be considerably diminished. Furniture, carriages, hats, shot, and pianofortes have for some time been acquiring a place in this category, and now we are enabled to add harmoniums, two of which have recently been turned out at the manufactory of R. J. Winter & Co., Elizabeth-street, which, for material, make, and finish, will, we understand, successfully compete with instruments from the best houses in London, or Paris. The harmoniums, which are on view at Winter and Co's. show-rooms, are of full size in height, width, and number of keys (five octaves). The cases are of two kinds, Sydney cedar and Spanish mahogany, which are properly seasoned; the note boxes are made of English oak, and so substantial that there is not the slightest possibility of warping, or giving way. The palate boards, flaps, sits, and keys, are all made in Hobart Town, of the best material, and much stronger than those used in the common run of harmoniums, and the Esteve's reeds cost three times as much as those of the cheaper class of instruments. The Louvre boards are neatly finished and ornamented. The mechanical work of these instruments has been done under the immediate direction of Mr. Winter, and the tuning and regulating by Mr. Stanley. The instruments are of eight stops, and the organ-like tone, is much admired by those who inspect them. The cost price at home of similar instruments is about £28, and Messrs. Winter and Co. are able to offer their harmoniums within a little of that amount. It must be highly satisfactory those who wish well to the place, that instruments like these, perfect in finish and in tone, can be turned out at so reasonable a figure.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (30 August 1902), 2 

WINTER. - On August 16, 1902, at his residence, 75 Elizabeth-street, Robert G. Winter, in the 72nd year of his age.

Probate on the last will and testament of Robert George Winter, died 1902; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1665962; AD960-1-25 Will Number 6034 (DIGITISED)

WINTERBOTTOM, John (1817-1897) see mainpage entry John WINTERBOTTOM
WINTERBOTTOM, Maria Margaret (Mrs. John WINTERBOTTOM) see mainpage entry Maria WINTERBOTTOM
WINTERBOTTOM, Frank Midwinter King (R.A.M.) (1861-1930) see mainpage entry Frank WINTERBOTTOM
WINTERBOTTOM, Charles (1866-1935; fl. Melbourne 1888-89) see mainpage entry Charles WINTERBOTTOM

WINTLE, George (George WINTLE)

? musician, former drum major (28th Regiment), gaoler

Born Gloucestershire, England, 8 August 1808; baptised son of John WINTLE and Mary BRADSHAW
Married Mary Johnson GIBSON (c. 1813-1877), by 1835
Arrived (with 28th Regiment) Sydney, NSW, 21 January 1836 (per John Barry)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1840
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 29 April 1870, aged "61" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 28th Regiment (military band)


Pay-list of the 28th Regiment of Foot, from 1 April to 30 June 1835 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Drum-major as Serjeant / 300 / George Wintle

Pay-list of the 28th Regiment of Foot, from 1 April to 30 June 1836 (Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office) (DIGITISED)

Drum-major as Serjeant / 300 / George Wintle

[News], The Sydney Herald (6 October 1836), 3

Mr. George Wintley [sic], formerly drum major of His Majesty's 28th Regiment, has received the appointment of assistant-superintendent of the hulk Phoenix, in the place of Mr. Keele, appointed keeper of the house of correction and debtors' prison.

"DEATHS", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (30 April 1870), 4 

WINTLE. - On the 29th inst., at Westbury-street, East St. Kilda, George Wintle, Esq. (late governor of the Melbourne Gaol), aged 61 years.

ASSOCIATIONS: Old Melbourne Gaol (Melbourne prison)

Bibliography and resources:

"Mr. GEORGE WINTLE", Cyclopedia of Victoria . . . vol. 1 (Melbourne: The Cyclopedia Company, 1903), 191-92

This gentleman, who came of an old estated family in Gloucestershire (1650), was born there on the 8th of August, 1808, and, having married, in England, Mary Johnson, daughter of Francis Gibson, wool merchant, came out to Sydney in the year 1836, his old friend, Mr. Robert Russell, first Surveyor-General of Melbourne, being in the same ship. Appointed Superintendent of Convicts by Sir Richard Bourke, Mr. Wintle was transferred to the newly-settled district of Port Phillip in 1838, where the supervision of the prison, which was of very primitive construction, was entrusted to him. During the time of the goldfields rush he had the supervision of three gaols, brick, at the western end of Collins Street, and one where the Eastern Market now stands, and also of the present central gaol . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Russell (surveyor)

WIRTH, Philip (Philip WIRTH)


Born Bosenbach, Bavaria (Germany), 1827; baptised Bosenbach, 4 December 1827; son of Johann Peter WIRTH (1805-1887) and Margaretha GILCHER (1802-1879)
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 August 1855 (per Merlin, from Liverpool, 24 May 1855)
Died Sydney, NSW, 26 June 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



Born Bosenbach, Bavaria, 7 January 1830; baptised Bosenbach, 10 January 1830; son of Johann Peter WIRTH (1805-1887) and Margaretha GILCHER (1802-1879)
Married Jacobina PREIS (1833-1921), by 1854
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 April 1855 (per Commodore Perry, from Liverpool, "musician", aged "24", "Peter Worth")
Died Toowoomba, QLD, 14 November 1889 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WIRTH, Jacob (Jacob WIRTH)


Born Bosenbach, Bavaria, 16 November 1831; son of Johann Peter WIRTH (1805-1887) and Margaretha GILCHER (1802-1879)
Married Katharina PREIS (1831-1884), St. George (German Lutheran), Battersea, Surrey, 2 July 1854
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 August 1855 (per Merlin, from Liverpool, 24 May 1855)
Died Parramatta, NSW, 28 March 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WIRTH, John (senior) (Johannes WIRTH; John WIRTH; Mons. WIRTH; WERTH, WORTH)

Musician, bandmaster, composer

Born Jettenbach, Bavaria (Germany), 11 April 1835; baptised Jettenbach, 20 April 1835; son of Johann Peter WIRTH (1805-1887) and Margaretha GILCHER (1802-1879)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 August 1855 (per Merlin, from Liverpool, 24 May 1855)
Married Sarah PHILLIPS, NSW, 1856
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1880, aged "46" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

John Wirth, c. late 1870s, ? with his sons John James (1858-1894), Henry (1860-1896), and Philip (1864-1937)

John Wirth, c. late 1870s, ? with his (second generation) sons John James (1858-1894), Henry (1860-1896), and Philip (1864-1937)


Certificate of arrival, Port of Dover, 1850; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

15th March '50 / Philip Fuchs, Johann Jacob Fuchs, Peter Fuchs [sic], Philip Fuchs [sic], Jacob Wirth, Johann Wirth,
Musicians, Native[s] of Germany / [arrived from] France

List of the crew of the Commodore Perry, from Liverpool, arrived Sydney, 27 April 1855; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . Henry Brooke / Musician / 25 / Germany
Conrad Boll / Musician / 24 / Germany
John Hiller / Musician / 20 / Germany
Peter Worth / Musician / 24 / Germany . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1856), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - Queen's Birthday. THIS EVENING, Plain and Fancy Dress Ball. Admission, one shilling.
PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.- Mons. WIRTH'S celebrated band will attend, and play several favourite Overtures.
PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - DANCING! DANCING!! DANCING!!! to commence at 8 o'clock. Admittance, one shilling.

ASSOCIATIONS: Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney venue)

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Andrew in the County of Cumberland in the Year 1859; register 1842-64, page 120; Sydney Diocesan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1243 / 27 February / [born] 14 June 1858 / John James / [son of] John & Sarah / Wirth / Clarence St. / Music Master . . .

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (7 July 1860), 1

Jacob Wirth.
IF JACOB WIRTH, German Musician, does not call immediately at Mr. Scholes's "New England Hotel," and pay for the carriage of and remove a package of beads brought by the Express Waggon, the said package will be sold to defray expenses, in 14 days from this date.
FREDERICK C. GAGGIN. Armidale, June 25, 1860.

Certificate to naturalize, John Wirth, 1860; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . that John Wirth is a native of Bavaria, Germany, is twenty four years of age and that having arrived by the Ship Merlin to Melbourne Victoria in the year 1855 he is now residing in Armidale and wishing to purchase land in the said Colony . . .
GIVEN . . . this [19 December 1860] . . .

"ARMIDALE", New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (7 March 1861), 1 

Stolen, on the 25th ultimo, from John Wirth, travelling musician, at Bendemeer, a dark bay colt, JZ near shoulder and neck, P upside down off shoulder and rump, bob-tail , broken-in to saddle and harness. Suspicion attached to William Cooke, alias Billy Cooke, who is well-known to the Tamworth and Armidale Police. His father resides at Bendemeer. £5 reward on recovery and conviction, or £3 on delivery if strayed.

[Notice], New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (21 March 1861), 2 

Vide Report of Crime of 7th Match, 1861. The bay colt, supposed to be stolen from John Wirth, District of Armidale, has been found straying in the bush.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. MONDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1867), 2

John Wirth was charged by Sarah Karst with having assaulted her. Complainant deposed that, on last Monday forenoon, she heard music opposite her house in Kent-street, and went to the window; defendant, one of the musicians, for some time made faces at her, in consequence whereof she took out a bucket of soap and water, told him to go away, and threw the water on his feet; he, with his clenched fist, struck her in the mouth with such force as to knock out two teeth; he next caught her by the shoulder, and with all his force throw her to the ground, and then went away. It appeared, on cross examination, that complainant's husband at one time played in the same band with the defendant, but at her request discontinued his connection with defendant. To pay a penalty of £3, or to be imprisoned one month. Sarah Karst was found guilty of having assaulted John Wirth, by throwing water upon him, as in her prosecution of Wirth she admitted having done, and was ordered to pay a penalty of 10s., or to be imprisoned twenty four hours.

"INTERCOLONIAL NEWS. NEW SOUTH WALES", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (28 March 1868), 27 

The Tenterfield and Maryland mail was robbed on the 19th inst., ten miles north of Maryland, by a man, supposed to be Thunderbolt, and a boy; about the same time and place, Worth's German musicians were robbed of £16, and a man belonging to Maryland was robbed of £105, as he was returning from the Tenterfield races.

"BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE . . . The Christmas races", Queensland Times (5 January 1869), 3

Mr. Wirth's brass band played a selection of lively tunes, and materially added to the gaiety of the day.

"POLICE COURT . . . WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 31", Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (3 December 1870), 2 

J. Cuddihy, a teamster, was brought up in custody charged with having, on the previous day, unlawfully inflicted grievous bodily harm on James King, agent for Barlow's Cynodrome; and Thomas Betts, a bandsman. Mr. Chubb for the defence.
John Mortimer, groom at the Royal Hotel, said: Between three and four o'clock on the previous day, I was driving a buggy in Condamine-street, coming down towards the Woolpack Hotel with the intention of turning down Drayton-street. There were five persons in the buggy besides myself, four of them being the band. They were playing as I drove them round the town. There wore two horse drays standing about the centre of the street, headed towards Jimbour. The prisoner Cuddihy was there. I was going between a walk and a trot, just turning the corner, Cuddihy rushed out and waved his whip round, and ran up to the mare I was driving, and gave a blow with the whip. I cannot say that the whip struck anything. It was a long whip, and prisoner used both hands. When he made the blow, the mare suddenly turned, and with the jerk Mr. King and one of the bandsmen were thrown out. When this occurred, the left-hand side of the dray was nearest to the left side of the buggy, about, thirty feet distant. I did not hoar the prisoner say anything when he cracked his whip. The horses in the drays were not startled by the music; they did not move, and only turned their heads when we approached them. I cannot say whother the blow was made at the mare or at the bandsmen, but it was made at one or the other.
By Mr. Chubb: The music was playing, at the time. There was a drum in the buggy. I could not say whether prisoner's teams were on his side of the road or not; they were in the middle of the street.
John Wirth and Gustavus Nicols, two bandsmen, corroborated the evidence of Mortimer, but the former added that when the buggy was approaching the teams prisoner raised his hand, when the two bandsmen, whom were sitting in front, ceased playing, but the others who could not see prisoner continued, and the prisoner came running away from his team to strike with the whip.
The evidence of Drs. Jones and Howlin was to the effect that Mr. King sustained a fracture of the left collar bone; and it appears that Betts had his leg broken.
Mr. Chubb- addressed the Bench for the defence, contending that there was no evidence of wilful and malicious injury, which must be proved under the clause upon which the information was sworn, and in support cited a case in "Russell on Crimes" showing that the injury must proceed direct from the accused in order to establish a case. He contended that the only remedy King and Betts had was by civil action for damages.
The case was dismissed.
John Cuddihy, the defendant in the preceding case, was then charged with interrupting the free passage of a carriage. The case was proved, and defendant was fined £2, or fourteen days' imprisonment.

"WARWICK DISTRICT COURT. TUESDAY, JUNE 3 . . . LARCENY OF A CHEQUE", Warwick Examiner and Times [QLD] (7 June 1873), 2

. . . John Wirth, a bandmaster, deposed that he had maintained prisoner for two days before the ball, prisoner saying he had no money. Prisoner stated to the magistrates that he found the money outside the public house . . .

"GLEN INNES POLICE COURT . . . Saturday, March 20", Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser [NSW] (24 March 1875), 2 

John and John James Wirth appeared on warrant, charged with, larceny, Mr. Kearney prosecuting for the Crown. After taking the evidence of Senior-sergeant A. B. Walker, the charge against John Wirth was abandoned, and John J. Wirth (his son) was placed in the dock.
Sergeant Walker stated that he knew the elder Wirth, and arrested him yesterday, between 10 and 11 a.m., at his camp, Glen Innes; from information received, witness went to Wirth's camp, and searched his tent by virtue of the warrant produced; Constable Edwards and Mr. Lewis accompanied witness; on searching prisoner's tent, he found three sets of ivory studs, one set of gilt studs, one hair watch-guard (silver-mounted), one leather and steel guard, two cigar-holders, one amber silver-mounted mouth piece, and one pen knife, which were, claimed by Mr. Lewis as portion of property stolen out of his store between the 9th and 12th instant; witness asked the elder Wirth whether he claimed the studs and other articles which he (witness) held in his hand; Wirth said, "No - my son bought them off 'Cheap John;'"
Mr. Lewis turned round and asked, "Which son, your eldest one?" and he answered "Yes;" witness then arrested the elder prisoner and charged him with stealing the articles produced; when Mr. Lewis referred to the goods, he said they were a portion of the goods stolen between the 9th and 12th instant; he said that other articles were, stolen at the same time . . .
John Wirth was called and stated that he was a musician, and resided for the present in Glen Innes; the prisoner was his son; the 8th of the present month was the day they came from Armidale; he was then living across the creek; witness was the proprietor of a band; they did not play on Tuesday night; he remembered a search being made at his camp; whatever property was at witness's camp belonged to him; he claimed none of the property that was found: witness's son bought the hair guard from "Cheap John;" his son lived with him; witness did not wear the leather guard . . .
John James Wirth, on oath, stated that he was a musician and resided with his father, and travelled about the country with him; they all lived in a tent; his father gave him pocket money, but no wages; witness possessed a watch, which his father gave him on the 8th instant; he (the witness) claimed the two watch guards then in Court; he had purchased the leather and steel one at Grafton, and the hair one at Armidale from "Cheap John;" had put the leather and steel guard on the table in the tent on Saturday last; did not know who had placed it in the box; witness had told William Long that he had purchased the guard from "Cheap John" in Armidale. -
Their Worships dismissed the case, being of opinion that the evidence was insufficient to substantiate the charge.

"MR. E. D. DAVIES, THE VENTRILOQUIST", Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (27 May 1876), 2 

. . . On Monday he gave a benefit for the Dalby Benevolent Fund . . . Wirth's band attended, and performed some fine selections during the intervals, giving their services gratuitously.

'Burglaries, Stealing from Premises, &c.", New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (6 March 1878), 85 

Vide Police Gazette, 1878, page 38. The clarionet, reported as stolen, the property of John Wirth, band-master, Glen Innes, has been found.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1880), 1

WIRTH. - July 10, John Wirth, musician, of 20, Bettington-street, Miller's Point, leaving a widow and large family to deplore their loss, aged 46.

Bibliography and resources:

Philip Wirth, The life of Philip Wirth: a lifetime with an Australian circus (Coogee, NSW: P. Wirth, 1930)

. . . Before commencing the actual history of Wirths' Circus we must first go back to the early years of the second half of the Nineteenth Century, when continued bad luck as a prospector forced my father, John Wirth, Senior, reluctantly to abandon his search for gold and to commercialise his talent for entertaining others. He was naturally gifted as a musician and a composer, being able to play any musical instrument with great skill, and from the time when he commenced earning his living in this way, we can watch the gradual development of Wirths' World Famous Circus . . .

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Wirth, Philip Peter Jacob (1864-1937)" and "Wirth, George (1867-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

[Philip and George Wirth], bandsmen and circus proprietors, were born on 29 June 1864 at Beechworth, Victoria, and 30 July 1867 in Sydney, sons of John Wirth (1834-1880), a musician from Bavaria, and his English wife Sarah, née Phillips. Having arrived in Victoria in 1855, John and his brothers travelled the eastern colonies as itinerant musicians; in 1858 "Werth's band" was engaged with Jones's National Circus. About 1867 John bought land at Dalby, Queensland, and erected a hall where he gave music and dance lessons. Ashton's Circus passed through Dalby in 1870 and engaged him as a bandsman. He was joined by his sons John and Harry, and later the younger Philip and George . . .

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Circus', Sydney Journal 3/1 (December 2010), 1-22

WISDOM, Robert (Robert WISDOM)

Songwriter, poet, journalist, politician

Born Blackburn, Lancashire, England, 31 January 1830; son of John WISDOM and Alice McGUINNESS
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 August 1834 (per Arab, from London, 9 March, via Hobart Town, 28th July)
Married Elizabeth ARVARD, Hexham, NSW, 23 August 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 March 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Robert Wisdom (c. 1870s); National Library of Australia

Robert Wisdom (c. 1870s); National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 December 1844), 3

East Maitland Classical and Commercial Academy.
ON Monday, the 16th instant, Prizes were awarded to the pupils attending the above institution as follows:
Classics - 1st class prize to Robert Wisdom, who had read, in addition to the usual elementary works, Virgil's Eneid, Horace's Epistles, 1st book of Homer's Iliad, and the Odes of Anacreon.
He had also distinguished himself in his Mathematical studies (properly so called) and in Algebra . . .

"DEATH OF SIR ROBERT WISDOM", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1888), 11

We regret to announce the death of Sir Robert Wisdom, K.C.M.G., which took place at his residence, No. 7, Domain-terrace, about 6 o'clock yesterday evening. Sir Robert Wisdom has been in failing health since his return from England about two months ago, and a few days ago his condition became precarious. Last evening he passed away in an unconscious state. Sir Robert Wisdom was born at Blackburn, Lancashire, England, on the 31st January, 1830, but he did not remain long in his native country, for his parents brought him to Australia at the early age of four. He was educated at Maitland and at Sydney College, and spent the remainder of his youth at Morpeth, in the Hunter River district, which he afterwards represented in Parliament. At an early period he evinced literary tastes, and whilst yet a youth contributed to the Press. Some of his verses, written when about 18 years of age, appeared in the early numbers of the Empire, at the time when it was conducted by Sir Henry Parkes . . .

Songs (selected 1850s):

"AUSTRALASIAN ANTHEM: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA", The Maitland Mercury (14 June 1851), 2

Ye swift-wing'd winds proclaim
Aloud from sea to sea,
With the trumpet blast of fame,
That Australia is free.
Be it spread from coast to coast,
Wherever ocean laves,
Ours is Old England's boast -
We never shall be slaves.
Advance Australia;
Australia, freedom's land:
The exiles of the world shall flock
Unto thy golden strand . . .

"AUSTRALIAN SONGS", Bathurst Free Press (25 October 1851), 2

With trumpet voice Minerva spoke,
And gave a glorious Island birth;
Her sons she made of hearts of oak,
Her daughters fairest of the earth;
Saying, "Rule Britannia - rule the waves!
"Britons never shall be slaves!
"My sceptre in thy red right hand,
"Britannia great and warlike land! . . . 

When first from out the azure main,
At Heaven's command Australia sprung,
No more was heard her savage strain,
But sweetly angels' voices sung,
"All hail Australia! happy land,
"Great peaceful happy land;
"All hail Australia! happy land,
"Ever fair and free.

Britannia rules the Northern world;
Australia o'er the Southern Sea;
Her spotless azure flag unfurled;
And gained a bloodless victory . . .

"A SONG FOR THE NEW YEAR. BY ROBERT WISDOM", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 January 1854), 4 

Toll - toll the bell drearily, drearily, drearily,
For the Old Year is gone and dead;
Ring - ring the bell cheerily, cheerily, cheerily,
For the New Year is come instead.
Bestrew - yes with roses the way bestrew,
Let joy be in every heart,
For our hopes with the New Year shall bloom anew,
And our fears with the old depart.
CHORUS - - Then a song and a cheer for the happy New Year,
For the New Year so joyous and gay,
For the Old Year is dead, and its cares are all fled,
With the past they have passed away . . .

Our fathers - our fathers in merry England,
Though the New Year is cheerless to see,
Yet with open heart, and with open hand,
They welcome it merrily
And we, in this land of eternal bloom,
Where the spring time knows no decay,
Shall happiness find in our hearts no room
Shall we be less merry than they? . . .
- January 1st, 1854.


The Sun of Australia rose
'Mid the storms and clouds of crime,
And his lustre was dimmed with wrongs and woes
Such as those of the olden time.
But the voice of heaven was heard aloud,
And that sun burst forth from his sable cloud;
And as to light and life he sprung,
The chorus of guardian angels sung,
Hail! Sun of Australia! Hail!
Bright, glorious, golden sun -
All the suns of the earth in their lustre shall pale
Ere thy cloudless race be run . . .
- 1851.

Note. - There could not, I think, be a more appropriate or more beautiful device for the national banner of Australia than a rising sun on a blue ground: the former typifying her rising greatness and glory, and the latter, her serene and unclouded sky. It would also be emblematic of hope in the future, and that glorious and unbroken peace which seems to be the destiny of Australia. R. W.

Bibliography and resources:

Elizabeth Guilford, "Wisdom, Robert (1830-1888)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

WISEMAN, Emily (Emily Louisa Mary Ann WISEMAN; Emily WISEMAN; Miss WISEMAN; Mrs. J. L. HALL; Mrs. WOOLLOXALL)

Actor, dancer, vocalist

Born London, England, 25 April 1844; baptised St. Pancras, 29 May 1844; daughter of Richard WISEMAN (1822-1896) and Mary Ann ALLEN (1820-1890) (m. 30 July 1843)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Married John Lawrence Stephen Steele WOOLLOXALL (c. 1837-1888; alias HALL), Christchurch, NZ, 22 December 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 April 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

WISEMAN, Fanny (Frances Jane WISEMAN; Fanny WISEMAN; Miss F. WISEMAN; Mrs. W. T. K. SOUTH)

Actor, dancer

Born London, England, 20 September 1846; baptised St. Pancras, 6 December 1846; daughter of Richard WISEMAN (1822-1896) and Mary Ann ALLEN (1820-1890) (m. 30 July 1843)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Active VIC, by 1857
Married William Thomas King SOUTH (1841-1896), Christchurch, NZ, 1865
Died Kew, VIC, 25 April 1933 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Sarah Ann King SOUTH (mother-in-law)

WISEMAN, Alice (Alice WISEMAN; Mrs. Henry WESTLEY)

Actor, dancer

Born London, England, c. 1849; daughter of Richard WISEMAN and Mary Ann ALLEN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Married Henry WESTLEY, VIC, 1868
Died Geelong, VIC, 9 December 1940

WISEMAN, Laura (Laura WISEMAN; Mrs. Michael Arthur ANDERSON)

Actor, dancer

Born Ballarat, VIC, 1857; daughter of Richard WISEMAN and Mary Ann ALLEN
Married Michael Arthur ANDERSON, Adelaide, 1881
Died Sydney, NSW, 1943

Emily Wiseman, c. 1860s

Emily Wiseman, c. 1860s

Fanny Wiseman, c. 1860s

Fanny Wiseman, c. 1860s


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Saint Pancras, in the County of Middlesex, in the Year 1844; register 1843-47, page 144; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 953 / 1844 May 29 / Emily Louisa Mary Ann / [daughter of] Richard & Mary Ann / Wiseman / Camden Row. K. T. / Tanner / . . . [born] April 25 1855

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Saint Pancras, in the County of Middlesex, in the Year 1846; register 1843-47, page 401; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 2379 / [1846 Dec'r] 6 / Frances Jane / [daughter of] Richard & Mary Anne [sic] / Wiseman / Brill Terrace / Tailor . . . [born] 20th Sept'r

"BOXING DAY. PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus (27 December 1854), 4 

"Riddle-Me-Riddle-Me-Ree, or Harlequin and Conundrum Castle," is the name of the pantomime, and, as we have stated in a previous notice, is from the pen of Nelson Lee, the veteran author of compositions of this description. It has been put on the stage without regard to expense, and some of the effects are in the highest degree splendid and novel . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Nelson Lee (English actor and pantomime producer); Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue); though the Wiseman sisters are not named, the review above gives a detailed description of the production that Fanny later identified as their stage debut

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (11 January 1856), 1 

TO Tailors. - Wanted a Man. R. Wiseman, tailor. 145 Spring-street, opposite Model and Training Schools

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (13 February 1856), 3 

. . . Mr. Edwards, as the Duke of Buckingham, gained ground upon the good opinion of the audience; and Miss Wiseman sustained the character of the youthful Duke of York in a very pleasing and piquant style . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Coppin's Olympic (Melbourne venue)

"ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE [Melbourne]", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (13 March 1856), 2 

Not the most sparkling five act comedy, supported by a most talented company, would have produced in an audience such hearty peals of genial laughter as did the performance last evening, at the Royal Amphitheatre, of the fairy spectacle of Cinderella; or the Little Gold Slipper . . . Undoubtedly, Madame Lee possesses the most effective company in Melbourne . . . But it was not only delightful to witness the performances of these Lilliputians, but it was surprising to think of the great care which must have been taken to train these children to such perfect discipline, to make them dance so well, and to cause them to exhibit so much conformity and grace in all their movements. The curtain fell on the spectacle amidst tremendous applause, when the Lee family came on to bow their acknowledgments, followed by the Misses Wiseman, who were also cardinal characters; and when these retired, and the microscopical General Bomb (Master Chalmers) appeared and bowed his acknowledgments (but he was hardly long enough to double), the house roared again. The piece was a decided hit. - Melbourne Herald, March 6.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emma Lee (dancer); Royal Amphitheatre (Melbourne venue)

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 November 1856), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL. Positively the Last Night of THE ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY . . .
On Thursday Evening, 27th November, Will be performed Balfe's colebrated Opera of THE BOHEMIAN GIRL.
Arline, the Count's Daughter (in Act 1) - Miss Wiseman
Arllne, the Count's Daughter (in Acts 2 and 3) - Miss Julia Harland . . .
Count Arnheim (Governor of Presburg) - Mr. John Gregg . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Harland (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); English Opera Company (troupe); Theatre Royal (Melbourne venue)

"THE MONTEZUMA", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (29 June 1857), 3 

This theatre was re-opened last Monday evening under the management of Mr. J. P. Hydes . . . We must not forget to mention Mr. Powell's pupils, the Misses Wiseman, whose dancing is worth seeing . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Proctor Hydes (actor, manager); Charles Powell (dancing master); Montezuma Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (21 August 1857), 3 

The musical entertainment yesterday evening was of the first order . . . The opening march Brillante, and the noble overture of Fra Diavolo . . . reflected the highest credit on the conductor, Herr Richty . . . In addition, however, to the musical entertainments, there is now to be had at the Charlie any quantity of such enjoyment as can be extracted from the sight of prettily executed dancing, and from hearing a passably well sung song. The Misses Wiseman are the Danseuses, and Mr. Coxon is the vocalist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Richty (musician); John Coxon (comic vocalist); Charlie Napier Theatre (Ballarat venue)

"BACK CREEK, AMHERST (From our own Correspondent)", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (28 November 1859), 2 

On Friday evening the Wiseman family took a benefit at the Theatre Royal. The great attraction of the evening was the little afterpiece, "The Village Coquette," all the parts in which were sustained by the little people themselves, and with remarkable success. On this occasion Miss Alice and Master Richard Wiseman, two mere lilliputian members of the family, made their first appearance before a Back Creek audience, and fully justified the expectations formed on the known talents of their sisters Emily and Fanny, who have long been the "pets of the public." The evening's performance commenced with "William Tell," which was well played by the Company. A comic song by Master Richard Wiseman followed, and was succeeded by the interlude of "Catching an Heiress," in which the Misses Wiseman and Mr. Furrian took the most prominent parts. "The Village Coquette" concluded the evening's amusements.

"LAMPLOUGH (From our own Correspondent), 27th March", The Star (28 March 1860), 4 

The Royal has closed, and the company have gone to Avoca, for a short time. Miss Fanny Wiseman has left the stage, owing to her delicate health - we shall miss her much.

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (23 June 1860), 3 

Yesterday evening the musical drama of "Rob Roy" was presented, for the benefit of Mr. W. D. Shiels. The house was well attended, and the piece as a whole gave considerable satisfaction. Mr. Heir dashed through the part of Rob Roy with more than ordinary energy. The part of Helen Macgregor was tolerably well played by Mrs. Heir . . . With regard to the musical arrangements, they were not perhaps quite comme il faut, but still there was much to commend. Miss Wiseman, as Diana Vernon, was respectable, but a more complete cultivation of her musical capabilities will add much to her reputation. Mr. Wigan, as Francis Olbuldistone [sic], sang a little air in the first act very prettily. In the glees, Mr. Leeman did good service, and contributed much to their success, though a little more correctness in giving the words would be an evident improvement, the want of this was very noticeable in the Tolbooth scene . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert and Fanny Heir (actors); George Wigan (actor, vocalist); Frederick Leeman (vocalist); Haymarket Theatre (Bendigo venue)

"ABBOTT'S LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (21 July 1860), 2 

The attendance at Miss Bartley's benefit, last evening, was numerous . . . Miss Wiseman appeared and sang a rather pretty air with good taste, and was honored with an encore, and somewhat surprised us by giving "Where the bee sucks" in a very creditable manner. - Apropos of this young lady, if she could only acquire a little more self possession it would improve her singing vastly; nevertheless, her success last night was unequivocal. Miss F. Wiseman, on the contrary, needs no hint about self possession, for she danced con amore. This young lady was honored with a couple of encores, and at the conclusion was most deservedly applauded. In fact the singing and dancing gave general satisfaction. We must not omit to mention that Mr. Picco was called upon to repeat his clever performance on the tin tube . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miss Bartley (vocalist); J. A. Picco (tin whistle); Lyceum Theatre (Bendigo venue)

"DEATHS", Evening Journal [Adelaide, SA] (26 April 1881), 2 

HALL. - On the 26th April, at her residence, Botanic House, North-terrace, Emily, the beloved wife of John L. Hall, aged 37 years.

"THE LATE EMILY WISEMAN", The Herald [Melbourne, VIC] (28 April 1881), 2 

The fact that Mrs. J. L. Hall, better known on the stags by her maiden name of Wiseman, has died, should not be allowed to pass with out more than mere brief notice. For she was, with the exception of Miss Hattie Sheppard, the most successful purely colonial actress that ever appeared on the colonial stage. One of an exceedingly clever family (Fanny, Alice and Laura), Miss Wiseman arrived here in June, 1854; and some time in the following year made her first appearance on any stage as the Duke of York, in Shakespeare's Richard III., to Mr. Brooke's Duke of Gloster. The child's success (for she was not then more than thirteen) was very marked, and commanded the warm eulogies of the Argus and Morning Herald critics. Her achievement emboldened her parents to continue her in her career, and that showed they were amply justified. She rapidly gained ground, and took a position which would have been much higher had she not had for her immediate rivals the two best soubrettes the colonial stage has seen - Miss Julia Matthews and Miss Rose Edouin. Although Miss Wiseman made a marked success in both burlesque and chambermaid business, her forte indubitably was the pathetic domestic drama. As Nelly O'Neal in the Green Bushes, Starlight Bess in the Flowers of the Forest, and Dot in the Cricket an the Hearth, the stage here has never seen her equal. Jefferson said of her Dot that it was the most prettily pathetic piece of womanhood he had ever seen on the stage in his long career. Madame Celeste remarked that she wanted but size to make her Miss Woolgar's equal in Buckstone's two dramas. Possibly it was in the provinces and New Zealand she made her chiefest successes. Throughout the last colony she was an immense favorite, and it was here, in 1862, she met and married Mr. J. L. Hall. Her recent career as his wife need not be mentioned, as it will live in most people's memories. Her performance in Ixion will not readily be forgotten, and many who knew her capabilities regretted that the bent of her husband's talent did not always allow her to develop her own to the full. Her sudden death, in the very prime of her life, has cast a gloom over theatrical circles here, where she was much revered and loved for her sterling qualities as daughter, wife and mother.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Mathews (actor, vocalist); Rose Edouin (actor)

"Fanny Wiseman", Sydney Mail (18 May 1932), 19 

NOW aged 85, Fanny Wiseman is the oldest living actress in Australia. Though fairly well for a woman of that age, she is confined to her bed in her Elwood (Vic.) home. Born in London in 1846, she came to Victoria a child, and at eight years of age made her first appearance on the boards at the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne. This was Victoria's first theatre proper and the second opened in the colony. The piece was a pantomime, with the talented Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young in the leads. Two years later she was playing a child part in the opera "Norma," and thus so early entered the theatrical profession . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles and Jane Young (actors, dancers, managers)

"FANNY WISEMAN DEAD. Oldest Actress In Australia", The Herald (25 April 1833), 9 

Miss Fanny Wiseman (Mrs. South), 86, the oldest actress in Australia, died early today at the Ivy Grange Rest Home, Kew. She made her stage debut at 8 . . . Miss Wiseman, who was born in London, and came to Australia with her parents, made her first appearance on the stage in December, 1854, in the old Queen's Theatre, Queens Street, under the management of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young. With her in that debut was her sister Emily, afterwards Mrs. Johnnie Hall. The sisters were fairies in the pantomime "Cherry and Fairstar." After the Christmas season they appeared in dramatic pieces, and Miss Wiseman played her first speaking part in "The Green Bushes" . . . Fanny and Emily were children in the opera "Norma" at George Coppin's Olympia, which was nicknamed the "Iron Pot" . . .

WISHART, Susannah (Susannah Eliza LAWSON; Mrs. James Taplin WISHART; Mrs. Nicholas PROCTOR)


Born London, England, 2 August 1833; baptised St. Leonard Foster, City of London, 1 September 1833; daughter of John Ralph LAWSON (1804-1877) and Eleanor ?
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by c. 1845 (with aunt)
Married (1) James Taplin WISHART (c. 1826-1858), Adelaide, SA, 10 April 1852
Married (2) Nicholas PROCTOR, SA, Unitarian church, Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1867
Died North Adelaide, SA, 9 November 1883, aged "48" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the United Parish of Christ Church and St. Leonard Foster, in the City of London, in the Year 1833; register 1824-1906, page 125; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL

[born] Aug. 2 1833 / [baptised] Sept. 1 / Susannah Eliza d. of / John & Eleanor / Lawson / Warwick Lane / Licensed Victualler . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (25 June 1857), 1 

JAMES TAPLIN WISHART, of Exmouth, you are requested to communicate with Captain A. T. Saunders, of the ship Magna Bona, of Exeter, immediately, and you will hear of something to your advantage. The Magna Bona will leave here about the 5th of July.

"DEATH FROM INTEMPERANCE", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (10 March 1858), 4 

"THE NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 July 1861), 2 

On Friday, the 19th instant, the first concert of this Society was held at the Town Hall, Norwood . . . Before the commencement of the entertainment, Mr. B. T. Finniss, M.P., ascended the platform and addressed a few remarks to the audience . . . Mr. Finniss, in conclusion, mentioned that Messrs. Chapman and Compton had generously volunteered their services in organising the choir. After a few other remarks, Mr. Finniss announced the first piece - an overture, finely performed by the band. The four pieces of the first part consisted entirely of sacred music, selected from Haydn and Handel . . . The second part consisted entirely of secular music; the gem of the whole, in our estimation, was the fine old English madrigal, "Down in a flowery vale," performed by the entire choir, which was excellent . . . After this followed a song by Mrs. Smart, which was most deservedly encored . . . But we cannot omit to notice the superior performance of Mr. Betterdge on the contra-basso, Mr. Proctor on the flute, and Mrs. Wishart as soprano.

ASSOCIATIONS: Boyle Travers Finniss (musical amateur); William Chapman (musician); Charles Henry Compton (musician); Mary Ann Smart (vocalist); Henry Betteridge (double bass); Nicholas Proctor (flute); Norwood Philharmonic Society (amateur organisation)

"NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Register (22 July 1861), 3 

. . . That old favourite madrigal, "Down in a flowery vale," was the next in the programme, and afforded great satisfaction as it usually does when well sung. Mrs. Wishart then sang "Lovely night," which being vociferously encored she substituted the well known song, "Hearts and homes" in which she was equally successful. This lady has a beautiful clear soprano voice of high register, and we were sorry she did not choose songs that would give her an opportunity of displaying her higher notes to greater advantage . . .

MUSIC: Hearts and homes (Blockley)

"NOARLUNGA [From our own Correspondent]", The South Australian Advertiser (21 December 1861), 2 

At Willunga, on Wednesday last, I had the pleasure of attending Mesdames Smart and Wishart's concert, assisted by Messrs. Smart and Herbelet (the latter presiding at the pianoforte). The whole passed off very agreeably, and the auditory seemed highly delighted and satisfied with the amusements of the evening. Mrs. Wishart was in good voice, and displayed excellent taste in throwing in some gentle gesticulations. Mrs. Wishart excelled in "Lovely Night" and "Four leaved Shamrock," which were loudly applauded. "The Laughing Trio," by Mesdames Smart and Wishart and Mr. Smart, excited a hearty laugh, and was repeated. Mrs. Smart (an old favourite) gave "Flow on thou Shining River" with very good taste; after which "The Song of Australia," by the whole company, wound up the evening's entertainment at a little past 10 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Smart (c. 1837-1913, amateur vocalist, Mary Ann's husband); James William Heberlet (pianist)

MUSIC: The four leaved shamrock (Lover); The laughing trio [Vadasi via di qua] (Martini); Flow on thou shining river (Moore and Stevenson); The song of Australia (Linger)

"ADELAIDE YOUNG MEN'S PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (8 January 1862), 3 

The half-yearly meeting of the Adelaide Young Men's Philosophical Association was held at the Pulteney-street Schoolroom, on Tuesday evening, January 7 . . . Mr. LINLY NORMAN then performed a solo, "The Bohemian Girl," in a manner which drew forth loud applause. A song, "The Four-leaved Shamrock," was next sung by Mrs. WISHART, and was well received . . . Mrs. PERRYMAN then sung "A Lowly Youth" very nicely . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Linly Norman (pianist); Caroline Peryman (vocalist)

"GAWLER [From our own Correspondent] May 15", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (17 May 1862), 1 supplement 

A grand concert of vocal and instrumental music by Herr Carl Schmitt, Mr. Linly Norman, and Mrs. Wishart, and a lecture on English Poetry by H. Gawler, Esq., was given in the Oddfellows' Hall, on Tuesday evening last, in connection with the Gawler Institute. A very good company assembled, comprising most of the respectability of Gawler and its neighborhood. The concert and lecture were very successful; the applause was very great, and most of the songs and music were encored. The concert commenced about 8 o'clock with a duo brilliante for violin and piano by Herr Carl Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman, which was executed with very great skill and taste. Mrs. Wishart then gave "Jessie's Dream," which was very well sung. Mr. Gawler then gave his lecture . . . Mrs. Wishart opened the second part by singing the "Queen's Letter," which was encored, and another very pretty song was substituted . . . A solo by Mr. Norman followed, after which "There's a Path by the River," was sweetly sung by Mrs. Wishart. This song was very much applauded and encored, when Mrs. Wishart gave the "Female Auctioneer," which was also loudly applauded . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Schmitt (violinist)

MUSIC: Jessie's dream (Blockley); The queen's letter (Hobbs); There's a path by the river (E. J. Loder)

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (18 July 1862), 2 

There was a very fair attendance at Mrs. Wishart's concert on Thursday evening. His Excellency the Governor and the Misses Daly, the Hon. the Chief Secretary and Mrs. Waterhouse, Captain Brinkley, &c., were present. The programme was a long one, and, with one or two alterations, was got through very well and in good time. The Glee Club commenced with "Beware." Mrs. Wishart came next, singing the scena "Nina," very well indeed, and for which she was greeted with loud applause. Herr Carl Schmitt, who was very warmly received, then performed a duett with Mr. Linley Norman, the former playing the violin and the latter the pianoforte. The piece performed was "Robert le Diable." Mrs. Perryman next sang very prettily "The Merry Bells of England," and was honored with the first encore of the evening, when she substituted "Excelsior." Another glee was then sung by the Club, after which Mr. Linley Norman played a fantasia on the pianoforte, "Carnival" (Schuloff.) The second part of the performance comprised two glees, a song from Mrs. Smart, a solo on the flute by Mr. Proctor, very nicely played; a solo from De Beriot by Herr Carl Schmitt, in which he was encored, when he gave a fantasia, displaying some of his fine executions, especially in the harmonics, and for which he was loudly applauded. A song from Mr. Compton "I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie" was encored, as also was Mrs. Wishart's "A Merry Gipsy Girl am I," for which she substituted "The Female Auctioneer," which was also well received. We thought these songs Mrs. Wishart's best effort of the evening. Mendelssohn's "Departure" by the Glee Club was the last piece, and the National Anthem by the whole company wound up a very pleasant evening's entertainment.

ASSOCIATIONS: Dominick Daly (governor)

MUSIC: The female auctioneer (comic song)

"THE CASE OF WISHART v. PERYMAN", South Australian Register (5 June 1863), 2 

The action brought by Mrs. Wishart against Mrs. Peryman, for the recovery of £100, damages for slander, was heard before the Bench and a Jury at the Adelaide Local Court of Full Jurisdiction, Civil, on Thursday last. It occupied the whole day. The Attorney-General, on behalf of the defendant, clearly showed that the slander alleged and proved was not actionable, and pointed out a fatal omission in the declaration, which debarred the plaintiff from recovering special damages. The plaintiff was nonsuited with costs.

"LOCAL COURT - ADELAIDE. THURSDAY, JUNE 4. FULL JURISDICTION . . . JURY CASE. WISHART V. PERYMAN", The South Australian Advertiser (5 June 1863), 3 

[Before Mr. Commissioner Macdonald, and Mr. R. R. Turner, S.M.
Action for slander. Mr. Andrews for the plaintiff, and the Attorney-General for the defendant.
The Attorney-General, before the case was opened, presumed that as Mr. Andrews went for special damages, that the particular time of the slander should be named, and also the persons names. As the plaint stood there was no name and no particulars, although three summonses had been taken out.
Mr. Andrews answered that it would be sufficient if he alleged a slander to injure the plaintiff in her profession as a singer.
The Attorney-General still objected.
Mr. Andrews then obtained leave to amend the plaint by inserting Mr. Crossman's name, and addressed the Jury, stating that the defendant had circulated a slander in reference to the plaintiff, as follows: -

"Mr. Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman both passed the night in the same bedroom with Mrs. Wishart at Koepke's Hotel, Gawler Town, and she is such an infamous character that I (Catherine [sic] Peryman) have refused to sing with her at concerts, and none of the lady singers will sing with her." Also, "that Mr. Walters saw Mrs. Wishart home from the Railway Station to Norwood, and passed the night with her," which the plaint was maliciously uttered to injure the plaintiff in her profession as a singer. Mr. Andrews explained to the Jury that the plaintiff was a young lady occupied as a public singer, and singing at concerts were the chief means by which public singers were supported. The plaintiff in that case was a widow, and having been deprived of her natural guardian, now sought the interference of the Jury for the infamous slander levelled at her by the defendant, because, having been deprived of the protection of her husband, if she did not get the support of the Jury she would be liable at any time to similar slanders by any one like the defendant, jealous of her professional attainments. From the evidence he should be able to produce, the Jury would see that it was mere jealousy which had urged the defendant to the utterance of her slanders, and so reducing her in public estimation. To prove that it was through jealousy that Mrs. Peryman had attacked the character of Mrs. Wishart he would mention that after singing together for a long time, on one particular occasion, which happened at Gawler Town, Mrs. Wishart was particularly successful, and every song which she sung was encored by the audience, and Mrs. Peryman was one of the singers, but was not so well received. Before that occasion they had both been on the most harmonious terms, but so soon as Mrs. Wishart met with that great success then Mrs. Peryman began to slander her, and therefore it was clear that the slander arose out of that circumstance, prompted alone by her wicked jealousy. It appeared that the slander had crept very quietly into circulation, for the plaintiff heard nothing about it till it was communicated through a Mrs. Hill, who met Mrs. Peryman at a Mr. Powler's, where a conversation took place between them about some remarks made by Mr. Wilson, now deceased, a gentleman possessed of great musical taste, and taking interest in the musical talent of the colony and in the habit of frequenting concerts. Mrs. Hill was remarking that Mr. Wilson had put on Mrs. Wishart's shawl for her at a concert, when Mrs. Peryman said she was surprised Mr. Wilson should have anything to say to Mrs. Wishart as she was such a bad woman, and that Mrs. Peat, Mrs. Wishart's aunt, had told her that her son Thomas was keeping Mrs. Wishart, and that she was not a widow, but her husband was now living, and had left her through her infamous conduct. Other slanders he (Mr. Andrews) should be able to prove. Through Mrs. Hill the slander was communicated to Mrs. Peat, who knowing nothing about Mrs. Hill, went to Mrs. Peryman to know the reason of her slandering her niece. She could not see her the first time, being told that she was engaged. She then made another visit to Mrs. Peryman, when Mrs. Peryman said to her she had always respected Mrs. Wishart till a gentleman told her that some other gentleman had seen her home, and remained in the house all night, and that Mr. Crossman had been to engage her, Mrs. Peryman, for Mr. Aldridge's concert, when she told him that she would not sing if Mrs. Wishart was there. She also said she had been told that she was kept by a young gentleman, and that she was not a widow, but her husband was living away from her through her immoral conduct. What Mrs. Peryman said being such a gross slander, Mrs. Peat asked her to give up her authority, and then she said she would do so if Mrs. Wishart came herself. Mrs. Peat and Mrs. Wishart went to Mrs. Peryman, but could not see her, under an excuse that she was ill, and which showed that what she had circulated she was determined to stand by; but about a week afterwards Mrs. Peat went alone, and at last saw Mrs. Peryman, and asked her if she would give the names of the parties who uttered those words, as she would have to protect her niece's character. Mrs. Peryman again put her off by saying that she was not in a condition to be excited. Mr. Peryman then came, and after asking what the fuss was about, said he would furnish the names, but he did not, and at last Mrs. Peryman told Mrs. Peat in a laughing way that Mrs. Wishart had better not move in the matter and be quiet, but still refused to give any names. After that the matter was placed in the hands of Messrs. Andrews and Bonnin, and a letter was written to Mrs. Peryman requesting the names of the parties, or a public apology, which the Jury, he thought, would consider the quietest manner, in which such a matter could be settled, and which showed that there was no craving to make it a question of law in a Court of Justice; and he did not know that the young lady, or her aunt acting for her, could have taken a quieter course; but that was refused. Mrs. Wishart then, finding that she could not turn to any other business, and going about with a blasted character, she had no other resource but to go before a Jury. The learned counsel continued, that it was singular that there was only one person named in the plaint, by which special damages could be claimed, but that had been put in because he was the person whom she had repeated the slander to, and who refused to engage Mrs. Wishart in consequence, but as he could prove that she was deprived of other engagements at concerts through the scandal, that would be sufficient to prove special damage. There was no justification, and therefore it was not necessary for him to put Mrs. Wishart in the box. It was not necessary for him to prove her innocent, because that was admitted by the defendant's plea, and therefore they, the Jury could not say that she had not proved her innocence, because, by the pleadings, the law would not allow her to give evidence.

Mr. Andrews then called - Charlotte Hill, widow, who stated that she had a conversation with Mrs. Peryman at Mrs. Fowler's. At that time she did not know Mrs. Wishart nor Mrs. Peake [sic, Peat]. That was some time in the month of November last. There was a party there. She and Mrs. Peryman were the only guests at dinner. After dinner something was said about a concert which had just taken place. She did not remember whether that alluded to one Mrs. Wishart performed at. Mrs. Peryman was at that concert, and she (witness) asked Mrs. Peryman if she remembered an old gentleman putting on her shawl. She said, "Oh, yes." Witness said that was Mr. Wilson, of Kensington, lately deceased. She replied, "Oh, I remember he came with Mrs. Wishart, and she then expressed her surprise at Mr. Wilson's coming with Mrs. Wishart, and then witness asked her for a reason. She then said what a bad woman Mrs. Wishart was, leading her to suppose that Mrs. Wishart was a person of very bad character, and spoke about a gentleman's horse having been tied ap at Mrs. Wishart's gate. Witness did not know Mrs. Peat till she was called upon to confirm what she was now stating. Afterwards she called upon Mrs. Peryman again, and told her she had heard that she, Mrs. Peryman, had reported that she, witness, had been telling stories, and told her that she knew she, witness, had told the truth. Mrs. Peryman then said that she could bring 30 witnesses forward to prove that Mrs. Wishart was a bad woman, and that Mrs. Peat had told her that her son had lost his character by keeping Mrs. Wishart.

By the Attorney-General - There was no one present but herself at the conversation at Mr. Powler's. She and Mrs. Peryman were the only guests. The conversation took place after dinner, but it was not heard by Mrs. Powler. Witness and Mrs. Peryman were alone, but Mrs. Peryman did not ask her to spread it, but she did not wish her to keep it secret. How it came about was, that one evening witness was on a visit at Mr. Wilson's, who lived near Mrs. Wishart, who was then practising, as was her custom, and they were listening to her playing, when she (witness) remarked to Mr. Wilson, "What a pity it is such a beautiful player should be so bad a woman." Mr. Wilson, surprised, said, "What! A bad what?" Witness then told Mr. Wilson what she had heard from Mrs. Peryman.

Eliza Ann Peat, widow, stated that Mrs. Wishart was her niece, and had been under her care from the age of two years. From what she heard she went to Mrs. Peryman's. She had not known her before. It was on the Friday after the agricultural show day. Mrs. Peryman was alone. She asked her for some of Mrs. Wishart's music, and after she got it she asked her the reason of her and her husband constantly circulating slanders against her niece. She flew in a great passion, and exclaimed, "It's a lie! It's a lie," and said she was not in a fit state to be excited. Witness told her she had not come to excite her, but coolly and dispassionately to tell her what she had heard, and told her that Mr. Wilson had informed witness of what Mrs. Hill told him on the occasion of listening to Mrs. Wishart's singing, and that Mr. Wilson answered that he did not believe a word of it. She repeated - "It's a lie! It's a lie!" and desired her to leave the house. She then said she had heard that Mrs. Wishart was a person of very bad character, and that she had always respected Mrs. Wishart up to a time when a gentleman told her something about her character. Witness then asked her what it was. Mrs. Peryman said that it was something which took place at Gawler Town, and that she had come down in the train with a married man, who accompanied her home and passed the night in her house, and that when she, Mrs. Peryman, heard that she had determined not to sing with her any more. Witness said "I am sure that is utterly false." Mrs. Peryman then said "On, I have heard a great deal worse than that, at a concert at Gawler Town, when Mr. Carl Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman were there, and when she passed the night in the same room with both of them." Witness repeated that the statement was false, as she was constantly in the habit of visiting her niece, and her niece visiting her. She then said she had heard that she was not a widow, and that her husband had left her on account of her bad conduct. Her niece was a widow. Her husband died in Sydney while they were living together. Mrs. Peryman said she had refused to sing with her at Aldridge's concerts on account of those reports, and told witness that Mr. Crossman had been to engage her for a concert there, and she asked if Mrs. Wishart was going to sing, when he said he was just going to Norwood to engage her, and she, Mrs. Peryman, at once told him "If you do I will not sing with her." He said, "Oh! very well, then I will not engage her." Mrs. Peryman also said that she had spoken to Cart Schmitt to know the reason Mrs. Wishart was not engaged, and he told her that he could not engage her, as the ladies of the Philharmonic Society would not associate with her, and would not sing with her, as she was such a very bad character. She (witness) asked her to furnish the names of the persons who had spread the reports, and she said she was quite willing to do so if Mrs. Wishart would come herself. She told her she would write to Mrs. Wishart and request her to come. On the following Wednesday she and her niece went to Mrs. Peryman's. She heard Mrs. Peryman's voice in the house, and sent in a message by the servant, who told her Mrs. Peryman was ill, but requested them to call on the following Friday. They went on the following Friday. She heard her voice in the house, and the servant said she was in, but could not see her. After trying to see Mrs. Peryman without success she saw Mrs. Hill, from whom she received the note produced, and the following week again called upon Mrs. Peryman and read to her the note. The following is a copy of the note read: -

"North Adelaide, March 2, 1863.
"Mrs. Hill presents her compliments to Mrs. Peryman, and begs to state that what she told Mr. Wilson is not a lie. Perhaps Mrs. Peryman's memory is defective. If so, Mrs. Hill may be able to assist her in recalling to mind a conversation she had with Mrs. Peryman at Mrs. Powler's four or five months back. After dinner in the parlor - I am not certain whether Mrs. Powler was present at the time; the other friends I know had not arrived - you were speaking of the concert. I said, do you remember an old gentleman putting on your shawl? That was Mr. Wilson. Oh yes, you said, he came with Mrs. Wishart. You then told me what a bad character Mrs. Wishart was. I cannot recal all you said about her, but the impression left upon my own mind was that Mrs. Wishart was not a fit person for respectable people to associate with. Some little time after that Mr. Wilson and myself were sitting by the window one evening, when he said to me, do you hear Mrs. Wishart singing? I said, is that Mrs. Wishart? I also said what a pity it is she is such a bad woman. Mr. Wilson looked amazed, and said, who says she is bad? I then repeated the conversation. Mr. Wilson said - Mrs. Hill, I believe it to be false. There was very little more said about it. Now, I find that Mr. Wilson has told Mrs. Wishart about it, as I know he believes her innocent, he living so near and seeing a good deal of her. I quite agree with Mr. Wilson, where people's characters are assailed in that way that something ought to be done to put a stop to it. What are people to do if it pleases God to remove their husbands; they must live alone. I am obliged to live alone. Then something may be said of me. I should take it kindly of any one that would tell me anything that was said of me to hurt my reputation. It is a pity that when a parcel of women meet they must begin scandal directly; and I find the birds generally peck the best fruit. I trust I have said sufficient to refresh Mrs. Peryman's memory, and also to state that when I enter her house, Mrs. Peryman is quite at liberty to order me out. I was very much surprised at the unladylike expression "it's a lie."
"I am, yours, "CHARLOTTE HILL."

Witness continued that she told her she should take legal steps against her, when Mrs. Peryman, with a pitying smile, told her that Mrs. Wishart had better not stir in it at all as she knew more, for when she was at a concert where Mrs. Wishart sang, she sat behind three young gentlemen, and one of them as soon as Mrs. Wishart came on the platform, said "Look at that worn-out -----!" She did not then say anything further. She (witness) told her she came for the purpose of getting the names of the persons who uttered those slanders, when she said, why does not Mrs. Wishart come; and she told her she had been already there twice, and that she would not see her. She (witness) went again to the evening and saw Mr. and Mrs. Peryman, and both refused to give the names. They said it was some person in the bank. Mr. and Mrs. Peryman both said they had always respected Mrs. Wishart till they heard the reports, and Mrs. Peryman said "She was afraid to have anything to do with Mrs. Wishart as she might take her own husband away from her." (Great laughter).

By the Attorney-General - She had only heard the scandal from what Mr. Peryman said in the shop where he worked. Witness went to Mrs. Wishart's the same evening and she had the conversation with Mr. Wilson. She called upon Mrs. Peryman at Mrs. Wishart's request. No one except Mr. and Mrs. Peryman were present when she went for an explanation. She (witness) had not circulated the scandal to any one. Mrs. Peryman also told her that it had been said her own son was keeping Mrs. Wishart, and she simply replied, "Poor boy, he can't keep himself." Witness did not know Mr. Crossman. Never saw him in her life.

Edmund Douglas Crossman - Remembered a concert being given by Mr. Aldridge, and was deputed by him to engage the singers. The concert took place on Thursday, 27th November last. He saw Mrs. Peryman on the 23rd at her residence, North Adelaide, to ask her to sing at the concert. After a conversation about music, Mrs. Peryman asked who were the other lady singers. He said when he left her he was going to Norwood to see Mrs. Wishart, Mrs. Peryman then said - "I object to singing with Mrs. Wishart." She said "I will sing with Mrs. Fox, but not with Mrs. Wishart." He did not go to Mrs. Wishart, as he found himself "in a fix," and went back to Mr. Aldridge. He did not go to Mrs. Wishart in consequence of what he heard from Mrs. Peryman. Mrs. Wishart would have been engaged had it not been for what Mrs. Peryman said to him.

Susannah Wishart, the plaintiff, stated that she had followed her profession for 18 months, and had been usually engaged at concerts. For the first year her receipts from that source were about £100 in Adelaide and the country places. She received £3 3s. for each concert. She had had no engagement since November last. There had been three or four concerts in Adelaide since then at White's Rooms. She was engaged to sing at the Gawler fete in November last. Remembered Mr. Aldridge's benefit concert, which was after the fete. Mrs. Peryman sang there. Witness was well received by the audience at the Gawler fete. She had no other means of getting her livelihood but by singing. She had since held a concert herself at Norwood at a profit only of 10s. She had a concert at White's Rooms last July, when the profits were about £10. She first heard of the slander from her aunt through Mr. Wilson, and requested her to enquire about it. This was the case for the plaintiff.

The Attorney-General submitted that there should be a nonsuit as there was not the shadow of a case made out. He apprehended there would be no dispute that in order to sustain an action for verbal slander it should be shewn that a crime had been committed, or that a person had some contagious disorder, or that the words were spoken of the plaintiff in her professional character. It was needless to say that the present case did not come under either of the two first definitions; then the question was, were the words spoken of the plaintiff in her professional character, and with regard to that the rule of law was that the words spoken must allege that she was deficient in the knowledge necessary to the practice of her profession, or that her conduct was each that she was incapable of practising her profession. The learned attorney cited some cases in support of his argument - one where a governess had been charged with immorality, another of a clergyman, accused of improper conduct towards a married woman, and a clerk, who was charged with having been drunk out of office hours, and in all of which cases the Court ruled that they were not slanderous, because, none of the allegations went so far as to prove that the several offences implied that the individuals were thereby unfit to follow their profession or business, and in the present case the words used did not imply that Mrs. Wishart had not talent to pursue her profession of a public singer, and therefore they were not actionable. Then with regard to the special damage, it was alleged that in consequence of the words spoken Mrs. Wishart had been refused an engagement; but the facts were that the words were spoken in February, but Mr. Crossman's refusal to engage her took place in November, so that the allegation for special damages was not supported by evidence, and, in addition to that, the words were spoken under circumstances which clearly made it a privileged communication; for Mrs. Hill made the communication alone to Mrs. Peryman, and the enquiry made by Mrs. Peat was at Mrs. Wishart's request, and as her agent, and the words went no further than between herself, and Mr. and Mrs. Peryman; and therefore it was nothing but a privileged communication. Unless his learned friend could go further and say that Mrs. Wishart had heard it herself; that she had heard so and so, it would be monstrous to hold that it was anything but a privileged communication.

Mr. Andrews answered that it was only important in the present case to enquire whether the words spoken would interfere in preventing the plaintiff exercising her profession as a singer at concerts. And if it was circulated that she was of such a character that no other lady would sing with her that clearly would interfere with her professional success, as concerts could not be conducted with only one voice. The words "She is such an infamous character, &c.," had that intention.

The Attorney-General said although those words were in the plaint, they were not proved. All that was proved was that she had been refused on one occasion. Mr. Andrews contended that it was not necessary to prove the words verbatim, but only the substance, and referred to Crossman's evidence, and to the observations made by Schmitt, which, he said, was sufficient to prove that the words were spoken, and if proved, then, they were spoken in her professional character. If the words implied that Mrs. Wishart's character was such that she could not sing at concerts, it was clear they could not have been spoken in any other way than as affecting her professional character. Then, with regard to special damages, the evidence was that through the slander Mrs. Wishart had lost engagements in four concerts at Mr. Aldridge's. The Attorney-General objected to any reference to what those engagements might be, as they were not alleged in the plaint.

His Honor said he agreed with the Attorney-General that there was no malice legally proved, as the words did not touch Mrs. Wishart's professional character. If it had been said that Mrs. Wishart had no voice; that he conduct was so disagreeable that the other singers could not associate with her, or that her habits were so intemperate that she was incapable of performing her part, then these words would come within the rule established by the decided case, and would be malicious slander; but no such meaning could be put upon the words alleged to be used in the present case, and therefore there must be a nonsuit on that point; but with regard to the special damages, he was inclined to put it to the Jury to say whether non-engagement of the plaintiff at the subsequent concerts was the consequence of the words spoken.

The Attorney-General urged that there was no evidence of that, and it was not alleged in the plaint. A long contest took place upon that point between counsel, when Mr. Andrews asked lave to amend his plaint by inserting the name of Mr. Aldridge.

The Attorney-General objected that Mr. Andrews, after having been served with summonses to furnish better particulars, and then being allowed to amend when the case was opened, should now at the eleventh hour claim the privilege to further amend, which, if he were allowed to do, would raise a question for which the defendant was not at all prepared.

His Honor said he knew that Mr. Andrews and been served with summonses to furnish further and better particulars, which had not been done, and then, when the ease was called, ha asked to amend. He allowed him to amend, so that he (His Honor) could put it to the Jury to say whether the words used prevented Mrs. Wishart's making subsequent engagements, and then he amended and brought forward Mr. Crossman, whose evidence, it appeared, amounted to nothing; and under those circumstances he did not think he could allow a further amendment, and the plaintiff must be nonsuited on that point also. The plaintiff was accordingly nonsuited on the whole case, and costs ordered.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Ann Lawson [Mrs. William Peet] (1811-1874, aunt) George Aldridge (venue proprietor); Thomas Wilson (musical amateur); Sarah Hannah Fox (vocalist)

See also another report, "LOCAL COURTS . . . WISHART V. PERYMAN AND UXOR", South Australian Register (5 June 1863), 3 

And further commentary, "LEGAL ANOMALIES", South Australian Register (20 June 1863), 2 

LOCAL COURT. ADELAIDE: WEDNESDAY, JULY 1 . . . LAWSON v. PERYMAN", South Australian Register (2 July 1863), 3 

Interpleader. - Mr. Andrews for the claimant, and the Attorney-General for the defendant. This action arose out of the case of Wishart v. Peryman, in which execution was levied for the defendant's costs, amounting to between £10 and £11. The bailiff of the Court went to the dwelling-house occupied by Mrs. Wishart, and there seized goods which the claimant proved to be his bona fide property. He also showed that he paid the rent and taxes of the house, and that his daughter Mrs. Wishart used it and the furniture at his sufferance. Judgment was given for the plaintiff for £11 and costs.

"LOCAL COURT. ADELAIDE. WEDNESDAY, JULY 15 . . . PERYMAN v. WISHART", The South Australian Advertiser (16 July 1863), 3 

Andrews appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Bruce for the defendant. This was a summons on an unsatisfied judgment for the costs thrown upon Mrs. Wishart, the vocalist, in unsuccessfully defending her reputation against the alleged slanders of Mrs. Peryman, a rival vocalist. Mrs. Wishart was examined as to her means of paying the costs, and stated that since December last she had been dependent entirely upon her father, and lived in his house, and had realized no profits from her profession, except 10s, which was the whole profit obtained from a concert recently given tor her benefit. She added, that before the action was brought her income amounted to £100 per year. The Court refused Mr. Bruce's application to make an order for the payment of the costs.

"LOCAL COURTS. ADELAIDE: WEDNESDAY, JULY 15 . . . WISHART v. PERYMAN", South Australian Register (17 July 1863), 3 

Mrs. Wishart appeared to a summons on an unsatisfied judgment for defendant's costs in the action of Wishart v. Peryman . . . Mrs. Wishart, upon examination as to her means, said she had none whatever. Since December last she had lived in her father's house, and depended entirely upon him for support. She had had no pupils and no professional engagements at concerts, except at that she had arranged for her own benefit which, however, yielded a profit of 10s. only. Before the date mentioned, and before the late action, her income had amounted to about £100 a year.
The Court declined to make any order.

"GRAND CONCERT", South Australian Register (7 August 1863), 2 

It will be seen from an advertisement that Mrs. Wishart will give a concert at White's Rooms on Tuesday, the 25th of August.

"MRS. WISHART'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (25 August 1863), 2 

We have pleasure in calling attention to the programme for Mrs. Wishart's concert tomorrow evening, which is published in our business columns. Mrs. Smart, and Messrs. Linly Norman, Kunze, R. B. White, R.A., C. H. Compton, Oehlman, H. Pounsett, and Heberlet, and Mr. Chapman's Band have kindly given their services. Mrs. Wishart will also sing, and the programme generally is very attractive.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Julius Kunze (musician); Richard Baxter White (musician); Hermann Oelmann (vocalist); Henry Pounsett (vocalist)

"CONCERT", South Australian Register (27 August 1863), 2 

On Wednesday evening a complimentary benefit concert was given to Mrs. Wishart at White's Assembly Rooms. The following instrumental and vocal performers gratuitously rendered their services: - Mr. Linly Norman, Mr. R. B. White, Mr. C. H. Compton, Mr. Chapman, and the gentlemen composing his quadrille band, Mrs. Smart, Messrs. Edwards, Oelhmann, and Pounsett, and a chorus of about a dozen voices. There was a very large attendance both in the reserved seats and in the body of the room. The programme consisted of a choice and varied selection of secular music from the compositions of Boildieu, Verdi, Auber, Meyerbeer, Purcell, and some others less known to fame. In one or two of the choruses there were evidences of weakness and hesitancy in some of the voices, yet the concert was on the whole decidedly a success. It is scarcely necessary to say that Messrs. White, Norman, and Compton performed in a masterly style upon their several instruments, or that Mr. Chapman and his band did full justice to the overtures and other concerted pieces allotted to them. These gentlemen are well known as accomplished performers, and they are not likely to impair their reputation by either carelessness or injudicious selection. With respect to the songs, duets, &c., we may say in general terms that they were very creditably rendered, and in almost every instance they were encored. Indeed, this equivocal mode of complimenting a vocal or instrumental performer was on Wednesday evening carried to a ridiculous excess. No discrimination was used, but the audience - or rather a portion of them - seemed determined to use their best efforts to prolong the entertainment till midnight by their redemands. We take this opportunity, too, of remarking that those who sing in public would do well to listen attentively to the accompaniment, so as to preserve their voices to the proper pitch. The tendency of the voice to flatten on the higher notes could be detected on Wednesday evening by any one sitting with the audience, though perhaps, from a little want of attention to the instrumental accompaniment, it might have lieen unperceived on the platform by the performers themselves. But "a word to the wise," &c. We congratulate Mrs. Wishart and her many friends on the success of the entertainment, and wish it to be understood that we use the word "success" as applicable not only to the numerous attendance, but the general excellence of the performances.

ASSOCIATIONS: Solomon Nicholas Edwards (vocalist)

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (27 August 1863), 2 

Mrs. Wishart's benefit concert was given on Wednesday evening at the Assembly Rooms, and was one of the best which has taken place in Adelaide for a long time. The weather turned out fine; there was a very large attendance, and it would have been larger had not the mail's departure prevented many coming. The room moreover looked very handsome, having lately been painted and decorated under the direction of its owner (Mr. George White). The programme commenced with the overture to the "Dame Blanche," executed very creditably by Mr. Chapman's well-known quadrille band; next followed the glee "May day," which was well received. On Mrs. Wishart's appearance she was greeted with a burst of loud applause, which continued for several minutes. She sang "Think ere you speak," and being heartily encored sang the favorite song "Mary of Argyle." Mr. R. B. White and Mr. Linly Norman next played Benedict and De Beriot's duet for piano and violin on airs from "Sonnambula." This is one of the best of De Beriot's collection of duets, and was admirably played. After the duet Mr. Edwards sang "The Fire King" very well, and being encored, gave the song "We might be happy still." The well-known duet from Trovatore, "Home to our mountains," was sung by Mrs. Wishart and Mr. Oehlmann, and was a little faulty, but on the encore it was greatly improved. Mrs. Smart sang Wallace's beautiful air "Sweet spirit hear my prayer," after which a very elegant quartette, arranged on airs from the opera of Chiara di Rosenberg, was performed by Messrs. Proctor (flute), Chapman (violin), Jarvis (viola) and Betteridge (violoncello) and it is due to Mr. Proctor to notice his very sweet flute playing, which was generally admired. The second part of the Concert commenced with the overture to Fra Diavolo, and after the glee "Hark the Curfew's solemn sound," and a song by Mrs. Wishart (encored), Mr. Linly Norman played a piano solo introducing "Auld Lang Syne" with variations, and for an encore, which followed as a matter of course, performed "Les Cloches du Monastere." Mrs. Wishart and Mrs. Smart then sang the duet "A Voice from the Waves," in which Mrs. Smart's contralto voice came out with excellent effect. Mr. Compton performed the great march from the Prophete in his usual good style, and for an encore substituted the celebrated "Cujus animam," from Rossini's Stabat Mater. Mr. Compton's playing was greatly assisted by the magnificent harmonium on which he performed, and which was kindly lent by a gentleman for the occasion. After a song by Mrs. Smart, "Thou art come, sweet Spring," another by Mrs. Wishart, with chorus, "There's joy in Merry England," and Purcell's glee "Come unto these yellow sands," the performances were brought to a close about 11 o'clock by singing the National Anthem. We should state that the whole of the performers, vocal and instrumental, kindly volunteered their services on the occasion, and gave them gratuitously. As a whole the concert was very successful, and the enthusiastic applause with which Mrs. Wishart was greeted must have been extremely gratifying to her, as an expression of public sympathy in connection with the painful circumstances in which she has been placed.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (28 August 1863), 1 

MRS. WISHART begs to return her grateful thanks to those Ladies and Gentlemen who so kindly gave her the Benefit Concert on Wednesday last, and to those friends who so practically expressed their sympathy with her on the occasion.

"LOCAL COURT. ADELAIDE. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15 . . . WISHART v. PERYMAN", The South Australian Advertiser (17 September 1863), 3 

Unsatisfied judgment for defendant's costs. Mr. Bruce gave evidence of a concert having recently taken place for the benefit of the plaintiff, and that she was now in a position to pay the amount, and requested the Court to make an order for imprisonment. Mr. Hatchett stated that the Committee who had the management of the concert had retained the money and expended it for the benefit of Mrs. Wishart as they thought best, and that she had never had any control over it.
The Court considered the amount realised by the concert was simply a gratuity to Mrs. Wishart, and, as it had never been placed at her disposal declined to make any order in the matter.

ASSOCIATIONS: In the wake of the trial and the widespread support and sympathy shown toward Susannah, the Perymans left Adelaide in August, and emigrated to Victoria, where they settled in Melbourne for the remainder of the decade, and did not return permanently to Adelaide until 1871

"THE SACRED CONCERT IN THE TOWN HALL", South Australian Register (11 July 1866), 2 

The grand sacred concert in aid of the organ fund of the Stow Memorial Church took place on Tuesday evening, at the Town Hall, under the patronage of His Excellency the Governor Sir Dominick Daly and several of our most distinguished colonists . . . In the first of the selections from the production "Paradise" that followed, Mr. Proctor had an excellent opportunity for exhibiting his complete mastery over the flute . . . The trio, "Lift Thine Eyes," by Mesdames Loder, Wishart, and Smart - although in some parts the voices did not blend together as they should have done, was given on the whole in an excellent manner, and narrowly escaped an encore . . . The difficult solo, "Let the Bright Seraphim," by Samson [sic], was rendered by Mrs. Wishart in a very superior manner. The complicated and rapid runs that exist in the piece were sung with much correctness, and the piece made a very favourable impression. Mrs. Wishart having been excellently supported in the instrumental accompaniment by Mr. Schrader on the cornet . . . Mr. Heydecke acted as conductor, and Mr. G. Loder and Mr. J. Shakespeare presided at the piano and harmonium respectively . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George and Emma Loder (pianist and vocalist); James Shakespeare (harmonium); Heinrich Schrader (cornet); Theodor Heydecke (conductor)

"MARRIED", The Express and Telegraph (5 August 1867), 2 

PROCTOR - WISHART. - On the 3rd of August, at the Unitarian Christian Church, by the Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A., Mr. Nicholas Proctor to Zannah [sic], relict of the late Mr. Wishart.

"ALDINGA, DECEMBER 7", The South Australian Advertiser (10 December 1867), 3 

. . . At 8 o'clock, a miscellaneous concert came off in Mr. Butterworth's mill; this was to many the principal treat, but the length of my letter urges me not to go much further; suffice it to say, that several duets sung by Mrs. Proctor (formerly Mrs. Wishart) and Mr. Chapman were received with loud applause and rapturously encored, whilst Mr. Proctor's flute playing was deservedly admired and highly appreciated . . .

"ITEMS OF INTELLIGENCE", Frearson's Monthly Illustrated Adelaide News (December 1882), 178 

When Nicholas Proctor stood in the dock on December 4' [sic] charged with threatening the life of his wife, Susannah, he interrupted the examination of the complainant so frequently that His Worship got impatient, and called out "Hold your tongue, Proctor!" To this Nicholas instantly rejoined "All right, Beddome!" His Worship was naturally riled at being addressed in such familiar terms by the defendant, and didn't join in the roar of laughter that burst from the gaping crowd outside the rails, and from barristers and clerks as well. On the contrary, he assumed an air of unusual consequential gravity, as he curtly said "Remanded until to-morrow; he is not in a fit state to go on with the case."

"POLICE COURT. ADELAIDE . . . THIS DAY. Tuesday, December 2 [sic, 5] [Before Mr. S. Beddome, P.M.]", The Express and Telegraph (5 December 1882), 2 

Nicholas Proctor was charged on remand with threatening to "smash" his wife. Defendant did not deny uttering the threat; complained of, but mentioned that he never intended to carry it into effect. Ordered to enter into his own recognizance in the sum of £20, and to find two sureties of £10 each to keep the peace for three calendar months.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (26 July 1877), 4 

LAWSON. - On the 26th July, at the residence of his son-in-law, Nicholas Proctor, Gilles-street, Mr. John Ralph Lawson, aged 73 years.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 November 1883), 4 

PROCTOR. - At Hill-street, North Adelaide, Susannah, the beloved wife of Nicholas Proctor, aged 48 years.


Musician, bandmaster (German Band)

Born Gerstedt, Hanover (Germany), c. 1833
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1856 (from Melbourne)
Married Mary SMITH, Woolloomooloo, NSW, 7 November 1860
Died Annandale, NSW, 22 December 1888, in his "56th" year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


A list of aliens, arrived at Hull, 4 May 1848, per Hammonia, from Hamburg; UK National Archives, HO3/48/1848 (PAYWALL)

Johann, Wilhelm, & Christoph Germershausen / Musicians / Germershausen
Fried'k Herschall / Musician / Herfeld
Ignaz & Vincent Koop / Musicians / Herfeld
Johann Rudolf / Gottfried Wustefeld / Ignaz Steinmetz / Johann Borchrad / Musicians / Herfeld
Carl Grawitsch / Johann & Andreas Ribcke / Matthias Achills / Musicians / Bredelen
Julius Wissel / Musician / Gerstedt
Franz Nolte / Wilhelm Haase / Musician / Gubelhausen

ASSOCIATIONS: Matthias Achilles (musician)

Report of the Improvement Committee recommending the repair, ballasting and kerbing and guttering of O'Briens Lane and Palmer Lane, 14 May to 13 August 1866; City of Sydney Archives 

[Appended] Petition from residents: [signatories]: . . . Julius Wissel; Matthias Achilles; John Cagney, Palmer Lane . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1866), 1

GERMAN BAND. Parties or Private Families requiring this Band could get from four to ten on the shortest notice,
upon application to JULIUS WISSEL, 287, Liverpool street, Woolloomooloo.

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (5 March 1868), 3

Sir, - In your notice of the Sydney Royal Yacht Squadron Ball you state that the bands of H.M. 50th Regiment and of H.M. ship Galatea performed on the occasion music of the highest order. I sincerely hope, in justice to the German Band, you will correct this error in your next issue, by informing the public that no other band played on that occasion but the German Band,
I remain, Sir, yours obediently,
JULIUS WISSEL, Leader German Band.

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 50th Regiment (military)

[Advertisement], Empire (24 October 1868), 1

The German Band will perform in the Gardens of the Hotel every Saturday Afternoon, between the hours of 2 and 5, weather permitting.
Chorus - Tannhauser - Wagner
Overture - Barber of Seville - Rossini
Waltz - Dream of the Ball - Godfrey
Selection - Freischutz - Weber
Quadrille - La Belle Helena - Strauss
Selection - Maritana - Wallace
Waltz - Promotioneu - Strauss
Duetto - Bohemian Girl - Balfe
Galop - Tramps - Godfrey.
HERR JULIUS WISSELL, Bandmaster . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871), 4

N.B. - The GERMAN BAND will attend ALL DAY, and perform a choice selection of POPULAR MUSIC, comprising the following FAVOURITE PIECES:-
1. March, Mendelssohn's Wedding
2. Overture, Italiani in Algiere, Rossini
3. Waltz, The Royal Bridesmaids, Godfrey
4. Quadrille, Peplum, H. D. Villiers
6. Selection, La Dame Blanche, Boeldieu
6. Galop, Shoo Fly
7. Selection Il Barbiere de Seviglia, Rossini
8. Waltz, Pipele, Zelman
9. Selection, Maritana, Wallace
10. Quadrille, Pulaski, Carl Faust
11. Galop, Merkur, Koederbek
12. Selection Il Trovarore, Verdi
13. Lancers, Gaiety, Godfrey
14. Aria Marino Filiero, Donizetti
15. Waltz, Frederiki, Carrill
16. Selection, Sicilian Vespri, Verdi
17. Quadrille, Britannia, Carl Faust
18. Valse, Moet and Chandon, Coote
19. Serenade from "Rigolotto," Verdi
20. Polka, Paddle your own Canoe, Coote
21. Galop, Sprite, Carl Faust.
JULIUS WISSEL, Bandmaster . . .

MUSIC: Shoo fly galop (by Walter John Rice); Pipele waltzes (by Alberto Zelman)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1874), 9

THE MEMBERS of the GERMAN BAND being about to proceed, to Melbourne with Chevalier BLONDIN, who was unable to obtain a suitable band in that city, would on this occasion respectfully tender their thanks to the citizens of Sydney for the support given, and the many favours conferred during the many years we have dwelt amongst them; and we do hope that, upon our return to Sydney, we will continue to enjoy the confidence of the citizens of this, the Queen City of the South.
I am, Ladies and Gentlemen, (on behalf of the Band),
Your obedient servant, JULIUS WISSEL.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1880), 18

GERMAN BAND will take ENGAGEMENTS for Balls, Picnics. Excursions, &c., from 5 performers upwards, on the most reasonable terms.
275, Liverpool-st., Woolloomooloo, Sydney. JULIUS WISSEL, Director.

Certificate of naturalization, Julius Wissel, 13 October 1882; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Whereas . . . Julius Wissel, a native of Germany, aged 50, who is a Musician, and arrived in the Colony of New South Wales by Ship from Victoria in the year 1856 and who had resided in the said colony for 25 years . . . GIVEN . . . this [13 October 1882] . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1889), 4

WISSEL. - December 22, 1888, at Tytherley, Annandale, Julius Wissel, in his 56th year.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (29 December 1888), 9191 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales. ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION.
In the estate, goods, chattels, credits, and effects of Julius Wissel, late of Riley-street, Woolloomooloo, in the Colony of New South Wales, musician, deceased, intestate . . .
NOTICE is hereby given . . . that letters of administration of the estate, goods, chattels, and effects of the above named deceased, who died on the 21st day of December, 1888, may be granted to Jessie Wissel, the only child of the above named deceased . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jessie Wissel (1863-1908; Mrs. John Sheridan)

"Probates and Administrations", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (2 March 1889), 444 

Letters of administration were granted in the estates of - Julius Wissel, £889 . . .

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1889), 1 

SHERIDAN - WISSEL. - April 6, 1889, at Tytherley, Annandale (the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Ben. J. Phillips), by the Rev. J. Faulds Henderson, Palmer-street, John Sheridan, Esq. (Moore and Co., Singleton), to Jessie, only daughter of the late Julius Wissel, musician, of this town. No cards.


Amateur musician, soldier, public servant

Born London, England, c. 1821; son of John WITHRINGTON and Ann GRAVES (m. June 1820)
Arrived NZ (with 99th Regiment), by 1845
Married [1] Margaret QUINN (c. 1820-1888), Sydney, NSW, 1848
Arrived (with regiment) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1849
Married [2] Emily ELLIS, VIC, 1894
Died Auburn, VIC, 6 June 1905, aged "84" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1849, births in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:953611; RGD33/1/3/ no 1751 (DIGITISED)

No. 1751 / June 29th / John Charles / [son of] John Withrington / Margaret Withrington formerly Quinn / Corporal 99th Reg't . . .

"THE ORGANO-HARMONIUM", The Mercury [Hobart, TAS] (10 June 1862), 3 

A very beautiful, and in this colony, a novel musical instrument, has lately been imported direct from England, by Mr. Withrington, of the Brickfields Invalid Depot, and is, we believe, the only one in the colony. This instrument, which is termed "The Organo-Harmonium," is the invention of Mr. Evans, of Sheffield, and is manufactured by Boosey and Ching, of Harley-street, London. The one in the possession of Mr. Witherington, has two rows of keys and contains fourteen stops, namely, Diapason Treble, Double Diapason, Principal, Oboe, Diapason Bass, Bourdon, Clarion, Bassoon, Vox Celeste, Sordine, Dulciana Treble, Dulciana Bass, and Expression. It has also a knee pedal, for bringing on the full power of the instrument, and a wind indicator, so that the performer can by a pressure of the feet at any time increase or diminish the quantity of wind. The tone approaches so nearly to the tone of the "King of Instruments," the organ, that at a little distance it can scarcely be distinguished from it, and although rich and powerful, is, at the same time, pure and mellow, and entirely free from that grazing metallic quality which has hitherto been a drawback even in the best Harmoniums. Throughout the whole of the scale an equilibrium has been preserved, so that the bass has no improper preponderance over the treble; whilst the quickness with which the sound responds to the touch renders the instrument peculiarly suitable for the performance of those rapid and brilliant passages, which often occur in the concerted pieces of the Great Masters of Harmony.

ASSOCIATIONS: On Boosey and Ching's range of harmoniums, including the organo-harmonium, see [Advertisement], The Saturday review (25 January 1862), [12] (DIGITISED0

"NEW ORGAN", The Advertiser (16 June 1865), 2 

We had the pleasure a few evenings since of inspecting a new Organ recently imported by Mr. Wihirington, of the Brickfield's Invalid Depot, and erected by him at his residence. We append for the information of our musical readers a short description of the instrument. It was built by Messrs. King and Co., of London, and is (we believe) the first organ of their construction ever erected in Tasmania; it is enclosed in a very elegant oval frame with gilded front, and contains the following stops, viz - Stopt Diapason, Open Diapason, Dulciana (throughout), Flute (throughout), Principal, Fifteenth and Sesquialtera (3 ranks); it has also two octaves of Bourdon Pedal Pipes to C, 16 feet. Coupler, connecting the Pedals to the Keyboard, and 3 Composition Pedals. The compass of the Organ is from C. to G. 56 notes; the whole is enclosed in a general swell, the total number of pipes being 528. The Organ has considerable power, and the tone of some of the solo stops is very superior. The workmanship throughout is very good, and the whole instrument reflects great credit on the designer and the builders. We believe we are correct in saying that similar instruments by the same builders could be imported and erected for something under L250; it would be a very suitable instrument for a small church or chapel.

"AN IMPORTED ORGAN", The Mercury (23 June 1865), 3 

AN organ, imported to the order of, and constructed upon the design furnished by Mr. Witherington, Superintendent of the Brickfields Pauper Asylum, is an excellent sample from the manufactory of Messrs. King of London. It has been built up by Mr. Witherington, assisted by Mr. Vautin, a friend, and many amateur musicians have had the opportunity of testing the compass and power of the instrument. It is of C to G compass, has 528 pipes, and 56 notes, with the following