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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–XYZ

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–XYZ", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 1 June 2020

- X -

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in December 2019, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to 1860 close to completion.

XIMENES, Anne (Anne WINSTANLEY; Mrs. XIMENES; Mrs. Henry Cockburn Milne XIMENES)


- Y -

YARNTON, George Swinnerton (George Swinnerton YARNTON; Mr. G. S. YARNTON)

Amateur church musician, solicitor

Born 30 January 1814; baptised St. John's, Smith Square, Westminster, 21 January 1821 [sic], son of William YARNTON and Maria TUGWELL
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1836
Married Rosamund REDMAN (d. 1869), NSW, 1840
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 17 April 1883, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (this entry shareable link)

YARNTON, George William (George William YARNTON; Mr. G. W. YARNTON)

Organist, choirmaster (St. Stephen's Macquarie Street, 1883-1890), ironmonger, composer

Born Newtown, NSW, 30 May 1842; son of George Swinnerton YARNTON and Rosamund REDMAN
Died Newtown, NSW, 1912 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after Peter Meyer, 2011):

George William Yarnton was born in Newtown in 1842. In 1863, George William Yarnton & Co, Ironmongers had premises at 44 Market Street. He was organist at St John's, Ashfield (1869-78) where he then lived, and entered the first Sydney Organ Competition just before his thirtieth birthday in 1872. In 1889 he was elected secretary of the Summer Hill Choral Union at its foundation. He advertised for sale a Richard Lipp piano in 1887, but it seems not to have been sold, because it was listed in his deceased estate in 1912. In 1902 he claimed the qualification ALCM (Associate of the London College of Music). In 1904 Yarnton attended the civic welcome for the visiting blind British organist, Alfred Hollins.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. John the Evangelist, Westminster . . . in the year [1821]; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 1472 / Jan'y 21 [1821] Born Jan'y 30th 1814 / George Swinnerton son of / William Yarnton & Maria his wife / Milbank Street / Coal Merchant . . .

"To the Editor", The Australian (7 October 1836), 2

SIR, - With reference to an article in your paper of Tuesday last respecting an Oratorio Ticket, alledged to have been obtained by me in a clandestine manner, I beg leave to state that this is not the fact, but I had one given to me by an intimate friend of G. S. Yarnton's, (a clerk in Mr. O'Riley's office) and that on the following morning the money was offered him and refused, but has since been paid to the Committee . . . I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant, G. S. BUCKLAND.

"BIRTH", The Sydney Herald (1 June 1842), 3 

At Newtown, on Monday evening last [30 May], Mrs. Yarnton, of a son.

? "ERRATUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1843), 2 

ERRATUM. - In our notice of "The Australian Psalmist," in Saturday's Herald, we stated the price at one shilling per number, instead of one and sixpence.

NOTE: I have been unable to find the notice referred to in any previous issue; see also Tegg's The psalmist, advertised in Hobart in July and August 1843.

"THE AUSTRALIAN PSALMIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1856), 8

The first part of the "Australian Psalmist," a collection of Psalm and Hymn tunes, edited by Mr. G. S. Yarnton, has just been published by Messrs. Johnson and Co. We annex the editor's preface, which fully explains the nature and objects of the work:

The editor of this small Tune Book has, during many years, been deeply interested in sacred music - he attaches a very high value to the exercise of praise as a part of public worship - in his opinion, nothing can atone for its absence, or for its inefficient performance, indeed, the whole of the service must be comparatively spiritless without energetic and effective singing. These remarks are obvious, and require no confirmation. The editor may be asked, "why issue another book of tunes, since there are so many now in existence which are acknowledged to be excellent?" His reply is, that some of these books are in advance of most of our ordinary congregations, and that it is not easy to find in any one book tunes suitable for the numerous peculiar metres found in several of the Hymn Books. The editor thought that he could select from various sources a limited number of tunes which would meet the necessities of any ordinary congregation, and (besides a few short anthems, and some chaunts) it did not seem to him that more than about a hundred, including peculiar metres, were called for. He intends to avoid tunes containing fugue passages, as not consistent with the simplicity and solemnity of public worship, and as otherwise objectionable. Should this humble attempt to promote the cultivation and improvement of the "Service of Song in the House of the Lord" be successful, his object will be secured. He submits his little work to the candour of the Christian public and to the blessing of God.

"THE AUSTRALIAN PSALMIST", Freeman's Journal (27 September 1856), 3

The first part of the "Australian Psalmist," a collection of Psalm and Hymn tunes, edited by Mr. G. S. Yarnton, has just been published by Messrs. Johnson and Co.

"ORGAN CONTEST AT THE EXHIBITION BUILDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1872), 3

. . . there were six competitors, who played in the order following - Miss Greenland, Mr. Scrutton (organist of St. Matthias's, Paddington), Mrs. Thompson, Mr. Yarnton, Mr. Lloyd, and Mr. Craven. The judges were Mr. Younger (organist of St. Andrew's Cathedral), Mr. Rea (organist of St. John's Church, Darlinghurst), and Mr W. H. Paling . . . Mr. Yarnton was so exceedingly nervous that he lost all his chances, and certainly did not do himself justice. He evidently has capital execution and a good knowledge of the instrument, but he did himself no justice in any particular. His own selected piece - "How excellent thy name" - from "Saul," was a very pleasing change, and was hie best effort . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1883), 1

April 17, at the residence of his wife's mother, 213, Goulburn-street, Surry Hills, George Swinnerton Yarnton, solicitor.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1883), 6 

IN THE INSOLVENT ESTATS OF GEORGE W. YARNTON, of Markey-street, Sydney, Ironmonger . . .

"ST. STEPHEN'S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1888), 4

. . . The choir, under tho leadership of Mr. G. W. Yarnton, then proceeded to render the various choruses, songs, &c., which moko up the cantata "Under the Palms" . . .

"TOWN HALL ORGAN RECITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1898), 6

. . . The request number look the form of G. W. Yarnton's "Sunset Melody," a sweet and dreamy piece, in which the vox humana and reed combinations were largely employed . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1912), 8

YARNTON. - January 28, 1912, at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Campertown, George William, eldest son of the late G. S. Yarnton solicitor, Sydney.

"MEN AND WOMEN", The Sun (2 February 1912), 1 

Mr. George W. Yarnton, one of Sydney's oldest organists and teachers of the piano, died at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital on Sunday. During his career he occupied the position of organist at St. John's Anglican Church, Ashfield, for 14 years. He after wards held a similar appointment at St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Phillip-street, for 10 years. One of his organ compositions, "A Sunset Melody," was much admired, and it was frequently played by the late Chevalier Wiegand at the Town Hall recitals.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1912), 14

Under Instructions from the Executors.
VALUABLE PIANOFORTE, Rich. Lipp and Sohn, Specially imported.
Large Quantity of MUSIC, sheet and book form.
STRONGMAN, BRUNTNELL, AND CO. beg to draw attention of Connoisseurs, Dealers in Old China, Bronzes, Music, etc.
Auctioneers' Telephone: Burwood 200.

YARRINGTON, William Henry Hazell (William Henry Hazell YARRINGTON; W. H. H. YARRINGTON)

Anglican priest, poet, songwriter

Born Norwich, Norfolk, England, 4 July 1839
Died Mosman, NSW, 11 April 1922 (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after AustLit with additions):

Son of a book-binder and milliner, William Yarrington arrived in Australia with his parents as a child. He was ordained deacon in 1870, and priest in 1872, and served in the Balranald, Yass, West Maitland, and Burwood, where he retired in 1909. In 1902, if not earlier, he circulated words and music for his collection of Australian Christmas carols.


[News], The Daily Telegraph (13 December 1902), 8 

We have received a booklet containing a number of Australian Christmas carols, words and music, the former written by the Rev. W. H. H. Yarrington.

Musical works:

Australian Christmas carols by W. H. Yarrington ([Sydney]: [?]. [? 1902]) 

Music for Australian Christmas carols words by Rev. W. H. H. Yarrington ([Sydney]: Christian World Print, [? 1902]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"W. H. H. Yarrington", AustLit 

YATES, Mrs. (Theodosia YATES)


YATES, William (William YATES; Mr. W. YATES; YEATS)

Musician, trumpeter, bandmaster

Born c. 1810
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 19 September 1839 (per Anna Robertson, from London, 26 May)
Active Angaston, SA, by 1859
Died Yates Bridge, near Angaston, SA, 7 May 1881, aged 71, a colonist of 42 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YATES, William (jun.) (1837-1892)

YATES, James (1840-1926)

YATES, Samuel (1842-1927)

YATES, Charles (1844-1896)


"ANGASTON", Adelaide Observer (30 June 1860), 4 

. . . The members of the volunteer rifle corps muster for drill every Monday and Friday afternoon at 4 o'clock, and on Friday evenings at 7, and are daily expecting the arrival of their uniforms and rifles. Mr. Yates, the leader of the Angaston brass band, and once a musician in an English militia regiment, acts as trumpeter to the company, and sound the calls in true military style.

"ANGASTON", South Australian Register (30 May 1861), 3 

. . . The volunteer brass band, consisting of Mr. W. Yates and his three sons, then struck up "God Save the Queen" . . .

"ANGASTON", Adelaide Observer (28 September 1861), 4 supplement 

. . . Thirteen of the Angaston Rifles, including the band, under Captain Warburton, were drawn up in line to receive their visitors opposite the Angaston Hotel . . .
S. Yates . . . Corporal Yates . . . Private J. Yates . . . C. Yates . . .

"ANGASTON", South Australian Register (23 December 1861), 3 

. . . The whole of the proceeds were presented to the Angaston Volunteer Brass Band - Mr. Yates and his three sons - who have always showed themselves ready to give the public the benefit of their performances without seeking any pecuniary remuneration for their services . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (26 May 1881), 4 

YATES. - On the 7th May, at Yates Bridge, near Angaston, William Yates, after a long and painful illness, with cancer in tongue, aged 71 years. A colonist of forty-two years. He fell asleep in Jesus.


Indigenous singer, ? songmaker

Born c.1774/5
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1792 (per Atlantic, for England)
Died Eltham, Kent, England, 18 May 1794, aged c.19 (shareable link to this entry)


The song, Barrabula, as sung by the two visiting Sydney men, Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne, in London, England, in 1793, was taken down and later published by Edward Jones.

Musical source:

2 Barrabula (Song of the natives of NSW)

A SONG OF THE NATIVES OF NEW SOUTH WALES; Which was written down from the Singing of BENELONG, and YAM-ROWENY, the two Chiefs, who were brought to England some years ago from Botany Bay, by Governor Phillips [sic]. The subject of the Song, is in praise of their Lovers; and when they Sang, it seem'd indispensible to them to have two sticks, one in each hand to beat time with the Tune; one end of the left stick rested on the ground, while the other in the right hand was used to beat against it, according to the time of the notes.

Edward Jones, Musical curiosities; or, a selection of the most characteristic national songs, and airs; many of which were never before published: consisting of Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Danish, Lapland, Malabar, New South Wales, French, Italian, Swiss, and particularly some English and Scotch national melodies, to which are added, variations for the harp, or the piano-forte, and most humbly inscribed, by permission, to her royal highness the princess Charlotte of Wales . . . (London: Printed for the author, 1811), 15 (music and words) 

Facsimile above (exemplar London, British Library, R.M.13.f.5):


Eltham Parish Church, Kent, England, burial register, 21 May 1794

May 21. Yemmorravonyea Kebarrah, a Native of New South Wales, died May 18 1794, supposed to be aged 19 years, at the house of Mr. Edward Kent.

Bibliography and resources:

"IN MEMORY OF YEMMERRAWANNIE", The Register (24 April 1914), 12

Jack Brook, "The forlorn hope: Bennelong and Yemmerrawannie go to England", Australian Aboriginal Studies (2001/1), 36-47  

Keith Vincent Smith, "1793: A Song of the Natives of New South Wales", eBLJ (Electronic British Library Journal) (2011, Article 14), 1-7 (ONLINE/DIGITISED)

Musical works:

A song of the natives of New South Wales (London, 1793)

YORK, John (John YORK, senior)

Musical instrument maker

Born Tipton (near Birmingham), Staffordshire, England, 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 February 1884 (per S.S. Duke of Sutherland, from London)
Died Carlton, VIC, 6 July 1898 (shareable link to this entry)

YORK, John (John YORK, junior)

Musical instrument maker, bandmaster

Born 1859
Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1885
Died Sydney, 5 January 1910, aged 51 (shareable link to this entry)

YORK, John Thomas (John Thomas YORK; Tom YORK)

Musical instrument maker

Born 1880
Died 6 October 1918


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1884), 16 

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER (Brass), - The Advertiser, who will arrive in Sydney per the s.s. Duke of Sutherland, due about the 15th January, will be glad to place his services at the disposal of anyone requiring such in the above trade. Letters to be addressed to John York, general Post Office, till called for.

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1884), 12 

"The Parramatta Model Band", The Cumberland Argus (26 October 1895), 4

An interesting presentation in connection with the Parramatta Model Band, took place on Saturday evening, when Mr. John York, junior, of Regent street, Sydney, was presented with an illuminated address from the band in recognition of the assistance he had at various times rendered. The address was a masterpiece from the brush of Mr. A. Tetley, of Granville. In one corner was a representation of the little bandstand in Alfred Square, and opposite was a lyre and at the top of the scroll were several bars of the music of "He's a Jolly Good Fellow." The address read as follows: -

"To John York, junior, Sydney. Dear sir, we, the members of the Parramatta Model Band, recognising the many favors we have been the recipients of from you, our generous benefactor, have much pleasure in tendering our sincerest thanks for the great assistance you have from time to time placed at our disposal, with that unselfish and open hand and heart which denote the true philanthropist. It is our earnest desire that you may continue to be encompassed with health, happiness, and every success in business. Signed on behalf of the Parramatta Model Band, R. Albury, hon. Sec., October 19, 1895."

On leaving the train at Redfern the band struck up and played up to Mr. York's door. Then the presentation was made by Bandmaster O'Shea and the recipient feelingly responded. The visitors were then escorted to Mr. York's band-room where they spent a merry evening. The presentation was arranged on the quiet, and Mr. York was completely taken by surprise.

[Advertisement], The Age (22 April 1898), 8 

BRASS Musical Instrument Maker; all kinds bought, sold, exchanged. Original John York, 23 Madeline-st., Carlton.

"DEATHS", Evening News (5 January 1910), 6 

YQRK.- January 5, 1910, at his residence, 53 George Street west, City. John York, Brass Musical Instrument Maker, dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Ann York, aged 51 years.

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Sunday Sun (9 January 1910), 12 

Mr. John York, the well-known maker and repairer of brass musical instruments, died during the week. Mr. York was an identity of George-street west, and was associated with brass bands all over the State.

Bibliography and resources:

Andrew Evans, "Playing on: John York and the Sydney Brass Musical Instrument Factory", Sydney journal 4/1 (2013), 66-85 (DIGITISED)


Bass vocalist, choir singer

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1848 (shareable link to this entry)


"EASTER FESTIVAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 April 1838), 2 

The most attractive entertainment in the District, on Monday, was the Grand Festival, at the new building near St. Joseph's Church, intended for the use of the Catholic Schools. It having been intimated that, in addition to the "creature comforts" provided for the occasion, there would be a treat of no ordinary character for the votaries of good music - vocal and instrumental - and that the profits of the Festival would be devoted to the School Building Fund . . . During the evening, there was likewise a pleasing variety of vocal performances, which elicited much applause . . . Mr. Yorkey's bass solo, "the Wolf," was deservedly encored. His powers of intonation are well-known, and he must be a very serviceable member of St. Joseph's choir. In the several glees, too, Mr. Yorkey, as also a little boy (McIvre) [McIver] of very promising musical talent, rendered valuable assistance. "The Red Cross Knights," "Of all the Brave Birds," and a glee and chorus "Come unto those Yellow Sands," were sung in a very pleasing style, as was also the finale, "God save the Queen." Mr. Leffler presided at the piano-forte, with his accustomed ability . . .

MUSIC: The wolf (Shield)

YOUNG, Emma (Emma YOUNG; Miss YOUNG; = Mrs. G. H. ROGERS)

Dancer, vocalist, actor

Born Devonport, England, 1815; baptised St. Andrew, Plymouth, 15 October 1815, daugher of James YOUNG and Isabella Marshall FRISBY

See main entry Emma Rogers

YOUNG, Charles (Charles Frederick YOUNG; Charles YOUNG; Mr. YOUNG; Charles Frederick Horace Frisbee YOUNG)

Dancer, vocalist, actor

Born England, 1823; baptised Sunderland, Durham, England, 5 April 1823; son of James YOUNG and Isabella Marshall FRISBY
Arrived (1) Hobart, VDL (TAS), by October 1843 (? 23 September, per Sir John Byng, from Sydney)
Married Jane Eliza THOMSON, Holy Trinity, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 June 1845
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 24 March 1857 (per Kent, for London)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 1861
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 29 January 1874, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNG, Jane Eliza (Jane Elizabeth THOMSON; Miss THOMSON; Mrs. Charles YOUNG; Mrs. Jane VEZIN)

Dancer, actor

Born Bath, Somerset, England, 24 February 1829; daughter of George THOMSON and Martha Mary THOMSON; elder sister of Eliza THOMSON
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1837 (with parents)
Married (1) Charles YOUNG, Holy Trinity, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 June 1845
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 24 March 1857 (per Kent, for London)
Died (suicide) Margate, England, 17 April 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNG, Frances Mary (Miss Fanny YOUNG; Mrs. George Washington DANIELS)

Actor, vocalist

Born London, England, 1835; baptised St, Mary, Lambeth, 31 May 1835, daughter of James YOUNG and Isabella Marshall FRISBY
Married George Washington DANIELS, Bathurst, NSW, 9 April 1856
Died San Francisco, USA, 6 October 1908, aged 67 [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Charles Young, c. mid 1860s (Davies, Melbourne, photographer) (State Library of Victoria)

Charles Young, c. mid 1860s (Davies & Co., Melbourne, photographer) (State Library of Victoria) (DIGITISED)


James Young (c. 1787-1851) and Isabella Marshall Frisby (1788-1849) were married at St. Leonard, Deal, Kent, on 23 June 1810. Emma Young, their second surviving child, was born in 1815, Charles Frederick, in 1823, and Frances Mary (Fanny) in 1835.

NOTE: The ABD (Rutledge 1976 below) incorrectly has it that our Miss (Jane) Thomson was born in VDL, misidentifying her with her younger sister Eliza Thomson. There is also confusion over the Charles's date of and place of birth, and parentage (compare ADB and his two obituaries below); Charles Frederick Young was born to James Young and his wife Isabella Marshall, at baptised at Sunderland, Durham, on 5 April 1823.

Some later colonial and early 20th-century accounts occasionally confuse the Youngs (above) with the Younges (arrived 1858).


[Advertisement], The Courier (12 January 1841), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . on Saturday, the 16th instant, when will be produced (for the first time in this colony) the highly wrought Drama from the pen of J. T. Haines, Esq., author of My Poll and My Partner Joe, &c, called THE OCEAN OF LIFE. In which Mrs. George Thompson, from the Theatre Royal, Sydney, will make her third appearance this season; and Miss Thompson, from the same, will make her first appearance . . .

"MR. JONES'S BENEFIT" & "VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (8 February 1845), 3 

On Thursday evening, Mr. Young took his Benefit to a good house. The performances went off well and with spirit, and everybody seemed pleased and highly amused. Young's Nigger song of Clar de Kitchen was admirable, and is the best "hit" in the song way we have yet witnessed here. Young's black fellows are, truly, inimitable, and, indeed, his acting generally is highly creditable. The Highland fling was capitally danced by Miss Thomson and Mr. Young, the Piper playing with his accustomed ability, and adding greatly to the illusion and even the harmony of the scene. May we enquire how it was that Miss J. Thomson had not a stripe of Tartan in her dress? This omission we hope will be rectified on Monday, when she dances with her younger sister. So far as the Benefits have proceeded, we are glad to find that they have been well patronised; and as the whole corps deserves reward, we sincerely hope those yet to come will experience similar good fortune.

1845, marriages solemnized in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:832839; RGD37/1/4 no 2016 

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 June 1845), 2

On Friday, the 6th inst., at Trinity Church, by the Rev. W. L. Gibbon, Mr. Charles Young, comedian, to Miss Jane Thomson, both of the Olympic Theatre, Launceston.

"PANTHEON WARD", The Courier (26 September 1846), 3

Charles Young, of the Pantheon Theatre, late Music Hall, is in nomination as a candidate for public support on Monday evening next, and solicits the suffrages of all free and enlightened play going citizens.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 November 1846), 1

DANSE LA POLKA . . . MR. & MRS. YOUNG feel great pleasure in announcing to the Ladies, Gentlemen, and Families of Hobart Town, &c., that they have just received from Mr. BARON NATHAN, (one of the most eminent professors of Dancing in London) a complete and accurate analysis of the last new POLKA COTILLON and QUADRILLES, the whole of which (in addition to the original POLKA) will be taught at their Establishment; as also will the NEW BOHEMIAN POLKA, "REDOWA" and "KALAMAIKA" . . . those who may honour them with their patronage, they may rely with confidence upon being taught the TRUE POLKA, precisely in the same style as it is now danced by the elite of England and France in the saloons of London and Paris. "Dancing contributes in a most essential degree to the preservation of health. Children weak and feeble in limb, will by this exercise imperceptibly acquire new vigour; on the other hand, when the pupil is healthy and strong, the practice of dancing will retain and encrease his strength. The early moulding of the body to the most polished attitudes, lends to youth the graceful carriage of mature age; and ease of manners once attained in early life, it is impossible to lose in after years" . . .

ASSOCIATIONSL Baron Nathan (brother of Isaac Nathan)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 February 1848), 1

CHARLES YOUNG, (Late of the Victoria Theatre),
In returning his sincere thanks to his Friends and the Public generally for the patronage they so kindly bestowed upon him in his former occupation, respectfully informs them that he has taken the above well-known Premises . . .
C. Y. begs further to intimate, that he (at the request of several friends) is about to enlarge his Establishment, for the purpose of instituting, upon the regular London principles,
Convivial and Harmonic Meetings
which will take place on the WEDNESDAY EVENING in each WEEK. The meetings will always be conducted by himself; and the fact of his having had the honor of presiding at one of the first rate and most respectable Salons in London, will vouch, he trusts, for his capabilities in that respect . . .

"CONCERT", The Courier (3 June 1848), 2 

Mrs. Chester's concert on Friday week last did not pass off with such eclat as will be likely to induce the cantatrice soon again to leave the peaceful shades of her rural residence to waste her notes in the murky streets of Hobart Town. But, after all, where is the blame? One singer cannot make a concert, and if the materials are wanting, the public assuredly will be wanting also. Upon the present occasion, moreover, Mrs. Chester was not insuch voice as on her previous performance. She was evidently oppressed with the attentions of Monsieur Influenza, which even the accompaniment of Herr Imberg failed to shake off. La voix could not bring out the upper G with clearness. The second part went off rather better than the first, and the duet of "When a little farm we keep" was repeated - truth obliges us to add - not on account of the composition as a piece of music, but from its enlivening qualities. The fact is, it is essentially it stage duet, and partakes of both acting and singing. This, of course, Mr. Young, who is otherwise out of his place in a concert-room, could hit off passablement bien. In his previous song of "Wanted a Governess," he gave the audience a specimen of French with a remarkable English pronunciation; but "ail's one to Dandie" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marian Maria Chester

MUSIC: Wanted a governess (Dubvourg; Parry)

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Melbourne Daily News (21 April 1849), 2 

April 28 - Shamrock, steamer, 200 tons, Gilmore, _commander, from Launceston. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Young . . .

"A STRONG COMPANY", The Melbourne Daily News (23 April 1849), 2 

Recent arrivals have so far strengthened the Melbourne corps dramntique, as to render it competent to undertake with talent, almost any dramatic production we have read or witnessed. Mr. Hydes who will to-night make his first bow to a Melhourne audience, is, we are assured, an actor of undoubted talent, and superior in his line of business, to any performer, (not excepting Coppin,) who ever trod the colonial hoards. From what we have learned from credible authorities, we believe it will he a treat to witness his abilities, which will he supported by all the advantage of novelty. The pieces he has selected for his debut, are well suited to a laughter loving audience, and enjoyed a very lengthened run in Sydney. Mr. and Mrs. Young will be a great advantage to the ballet department, (an especial attraction to the Melbournites) while Mr. Young, if we remember rightly, was one of the most efficient "walking gentlemen" we have seen in the colony . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Argus (11 May 1849), 2

Two additional stars have this week been added to the list, in the persons of Mr. and Mrs. Young, who left many favorable impressions here during their former visit in Coppin's days. They have both undergone a very marked improvement since then, however, and now combine talents as dancers, which are quite refreshing after the way in which we have been dosed with the Chambers family, with a proficiency in light comedy parts, which we have rarely seen equalled in votaries of Terpsichore.


Despite the dense fog that prevailed on Tuesday evening, and raw chill that reminded one of "England, home, and chilblains," the Mechanics' Hall was crowded by (we presume) "the rank and fashion" of the town of Melbourne. The performances throughout were good, and we think an improvement on the last. In the opening overture, the damp and cold had evidently some effect upon several instruments, but after a little practice they came up to concert pitch. Mr Young (evidently labouring under a severe cold) led off in the vocal department by singing Lover's popular song, "The four-leaved Shamrock," and got through it with very considerable success. His style is chaste and unaffeeted - his voice appears to be under good command, and of very fair register. He sang the above ballad a ilttle too slowly in time, and solemnly in manner, but still remarkably well. Why he substituted this song for "The Blighted Flower" (Balfe), named in the programme, we cannot say, especially as the latter is, in our opinion, one of the very best ballad compositions, both in words and music that Balfe or any other composer ever wrote. Well sung, it is safe of a double encore . . .

MUSIC: The four leaved shamrock (Lover); The blighted flower (Balfe)

"BILLY BARLOW AND THE COUNCIL", The Melbourne Daily News (14 November 1849), 2 

On Monday evening Mr. Young, in the character of "Billy Barlow", gave a most humorous description of the late elections, and "touched up" the clique inimitably. "Mr. Nosey" and "Music" [? William Clarke] had it hot and strong. The commentary excited roars of laughter and was loudly encored. The composition of the song (Mr. Young's own) was remarkably good . . .

"MUSIC CLASS CONCERT", The Argus (7 December 1849), 2 

A very well attended concert took place at the Mechanics' Institute last evening, being the seventh given by the Music Class in connexion with that institution. A most beautiful quartette of Haydn's, was performed under the auspices of Mr. Reed, of whom we made favorable mention the other day : besides several overtures, and a capital solo on the violoncello. The vocal portions of the concert consisted of a few German quartettes, and one or two songs by Mrs. Reynolds, and Mr. Young, the latter of whom sang a comic version of Cinderella, which excited great amusement.

"THE CONCERT", The Melbourne Daily News (8 December 1849), 2 

. . . "There [thou] art gone from my gaze," a pretty piece of slow time melody, but not suited to the singer's (Mr. Young's) voice . . . Mr. Young's song, Parry's comic romaunt of Cinderella was inimitable - the amusement created by the performance was universal. The air was a medly, and the versification witty in the extreme. Mr. Young's clear and emphntic intonation rendered it every justice.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (27 July 1850), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", The Argus (26 March 1857), 4 

March 24. - Kent, ship, 926 tons, E. B. Brine, for London. Passengers - cabin: Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young and Miss Young, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Anna Maria Quin, Mr. and Mrs. Tracey and six children . . .

1861 English census, Middlesex, Clerkenwell, St. James, Goswell Street; UK National Archives. R.G. 9 / 197 

31 Goswell Street / Mary Thomson / Head / 61 / Retired actress / [born] Glasgow, Scotland
Jane Young / Dau. / 39 / Actress / [born] Bath, Somersetshire . . .
Isabella Young / Grand Dau. / 12 / Scholar / [born] Australia . . .

"DEATH OF MR. CHAS. YOUNG", The Argus (30 January 1874), 6

A telegram from Sydney announces the death of Mr. Charles Young, the actor. It was only a fortnight ago that the news came of his having been confined in a lunatic asylum. It is a melancholy end to a long, and for some time a distinguished, career on the stage. Mr. Young was a native of Doncaster, and was born on the 5th April, 1823. He was therefore at the time of his death in his 51st year. It may be said that he was cradled in the theatrical profession, being the eldest son of James and Isabella Young, who for many years led the business in Tate Wilkinson's celebrated York circuit. The subject of the present sketch, developed great dramatic talent at an age when most children are in the nursery, and, being tutored by his parents, made his first bow to a British audience in the characters of Little Pickle in the "Spoiled Child," and Young Norval in Horne's tragedy of "Douglas." He was very successful, and subsequently in his father's circuit played a round of characters suitable to his years, embracing all the celebrated Master Burke's parts. His family having removed to London in 1833, for five or six years Young became a great favourite at the Royal Surrey Theatre, at that time conducted by Mr. Osbaldiston, and subsequently by Mr. Davidge. Among the original parts the late Mr. Young performed at that period may be mentioned Noah Claypole in a dramatised version of Charles Dickens's celebrated novel of Oliver Twist. This assumption met with unqualified praise from the gifted novelist himself, no small incentive to a young beginner. Through admiration of the illustrious British tar, the late T. P. Cooke (at that time the bright particular star of nautical dramas), Master Charles Young imbibed a passion for the sea, and the next four or five years of his life were spent in the navy and mercantile marine. To this training he has said he owed his proficiency in nautical parts. A disposition to roam seems to have taken possession of him at this period of his career, and we find that in 1843 he arrived in Australia, in the capacity of second officer of his ship. In this colony (Victoria) he met with his sister (the late Mrs. G. H. Rogers), who had but lately married the comedian of that name. This determined his future prospects, he resolved to become a colonist, and once more assumed the sock and buskin. He went to Hobart Town, where he made his first appearance at the Victoria Theatre, under the management of Mr. and Mrs. Clarke, in the character of Melcthal, in "William Tell," the leading part being sustained by an eminent tragedian of the day, the late Mr. Nesbitt. His rising popularity attracted the notice of Mr. George Coppin, the lessee of the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, by whom he was engaged on satisfactory terms. Of this establishment - so popular in the early days of the gold fever - he subsequently, in conjunction with another Australian favourite, Mr. J. P. Hydes, became manager. It was at the Queen's Theatre that Mrs. Charles Young, now Mrs. Herman Vezin, first became known to the Victorian public, At that time and for many years after, Mr. Young held a foremost place as a low comedian and burlesque actor, and he probably at one time or other played in every theatre in Australia. In the early part of 1857 Mr. and Mrs. Young went to England, and after some little time they obtained foremost places on the London stage - Mrs. Young as a leading lady in performances of the highest class, and Mr. Young more especially in burlesque parts. Of these he had several written expressly for him, and his acting in them obtained the most favourable mention in all the journals of the time. Indeed, he seemed to be on the highway to fame and fortune when unhappy domestic differences arose between him and Mrs. Young, the result being their separation, his return to this colony, and the eventual obtainment by Mrs. Young of a divorce. Mr. Young never recovered this blow, for rash, impulsive, and eccentric as he was, he had always entertained the strongest affection for his wife, and he always spoke of her in terms of the fondest regret. Since his return to Australia he had fulfilled a good many engagements in Melbourne, but had latterly resided in Sydney, where his appearances on the stage had gradually become somewhat fitful. His last appearance in Melbourne was during the management of Mr. Bayless at the Princess's, in the latter part of 1871, when he left somewhat abruptly before the season was well advanced. He was an excellent actor, and before his period of decadence had begun to be obvious, was justly considered a very finished and artistic one. He entered thoroughly into the humour of the parts he played, and always carried his audience with him. His long experience gave him a great knowledge of stage business, which he used with the best effect. His range of ability was considerable, and he possessed very great power in the representation of such parts as blend the tragic with the comic elements. He was at one time a vocalist of no mean order, and he had perhaps one of the best falsetto voices for imitating feminine tones of any actor we have had in this part of the world. In private he was a genial, warm-hearted, impulsive man, sometimes a little carried away by his feelings, but essentially good-natured and good-hearted. We may pity and pardon his faults, because he suffered the most from them. As one of the pioneers of the drama in Australia, he will always be well remembered, and the many thousands whom he has so often amused will be sorry to think how sadly and mournfully his latter days were clouded with misfortune and loss of reason.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1874), 1

On the 29th instant, at his residence, Museum Hotel, William-street, Woolloomooloo, at 3 a.m., after a long and painful illness, CHARLES F. H. F. YOUNG, comedian, aged 52.

"THE LATE CHARLES YOUNG, COMEDIAN", Illustrated Sydney News (28 February 1874), 10

By the death of this gentleman, which event took place at his residence, the Museum Hotel, William-street, Woolloomooloo, Sydney, on : Thursday, the 29th January, 1874, the stage has lost one of its bright particular stars. Mr. Charles Horace Frisbee Young was born in the city of Doncaster, England, 5th April, in the year 1819. His parents, James and Isabella Young, followed the profession of the drama, being well-known in the York Circuit . . . Subsequently, his younger sister Miss Fanny Young (now the wife of Mr. Daniels), came to the colonies, and her career, in burlesque especially, was of the most brilliant character. She is now in the United States . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1874), 1 

TO THE THEATRICAL PROFESSION, &c.- For SALE, the LIBRARY, consisting of 700 Standard Plays, Munuscript and other music, of the late Charles Young, comedian. Apply Museum Hotel, Woolloomooloo.

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (5 June 1902), 4 

Comparatively few playgoers in Melbourne will remember Mrs. Hermann Vezin, who has just died, at an advanced age, at Margate, in Kent, of grief, it is said, occasioned by the loss of her only daughter by her first husband. She was a native of Tasmania, and as Miss Thompson took to the stage in very early life and acquired some local celebrity as a dancer. A lad named Charles Young, who had been call boy at the Surrey Theatre, in Southwark, engaged himself as cabin boy on board a vessel bound to Hobart, where he remained, and, obtaining employment in the theatre there, eventually developed into a most capable and versatile actor. He fell in love with Miss Thompson, who was only fourteen at the time, and not long afterwards the very young couple married. She, too, became an exceedingly clever actress, and when Mr. George Coppin was organising a company for Melbourne, he engaged the two Youngs, her mother and her brother-in-law, Mr. Rogers, the Farren of the Australian stage, and they all made their first appearance in this city at the Queen's Theatre, now a factory, in Queen-street. This was in June, 1845, when three pieces, one of them The Lady of Lyons, two songs and three dances, were given in the same evening. Mrs. Charles Young rose very rapidly in her profession, and in parts like Celia and Hero, Pauline Deschapelles, Helen in the Hunchback, Herminie in Love's Sacrifice, and the Dot of Charles Dickens, she was truly admirable. She remained in Australia until the year 1857, when she repaired to England, where she made for herself a leading position on the London stage, and was ranked as the equal of Miss Ellen Terry in Shakspearian parts. She afterwards married Mr. Hermann Vezin, the celebrated actor, and on her retirement from the theatre, she engaged in the work of teaching the art of which she had become so accomplished an exponent to young beginners in her own profession.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (7 June 1902), 1450 

The English mail brought news of the death of Mrs. Herman Vezin, wife of the well-known actor, and herself a notable and highly esteemed figure of the English stage, from active performance on which she retired 25 years ago. As Mrs. Charles Young she was well known to Australian theatregoers, and was immensely popular. The dramatic critic of "The Sphere" says that "Mrs. Vezin" obtained much praise in Australia as a player of serious parts before making her first appearance in London. This was so long ago as September 15, 1857, when she acted Julia in "The Hunchback," at Sadler's Wells . . .

"DEATHS", San Francisco Call (9 October 1908), 13 

YOUNG - In this city, October 6, 1908, Fanny Young, beloved mother of George J. Daniels, Charles H. Daniels, Mrs. Helen House of New York and tbe late Mrs. V. Mott Pierce of Buffalo, N. Y., a native of England, aged 67 . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4




Martha Rutledge, "Young, Charles Frederick Horace Frisby (1819-1874)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, Charles - 43, 45, 255; Emma (Rogers) - 33-37, 42-45, 61, 247, 248; Jane (Thomson) - 45, 255

YOUNG, Florence (Florence YOUNG)

Soprano vocalist, actor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1870
Died Melbourne, VIC, 11 November 1920 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


? "JUVENILE PANTOMIME", Bendigo Advertiser (20 January 1881), 2

"MELBOURNE LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (8 July 1890), 6

"MISS FLORENCE YOUNG. Her Death Announced", The Argus (12 November 1920), 6

"THE LATE FLORENCE YOUNG", The Daily News (18 November 1920), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Joan Maslen, "Young, Florence Maude (1870-1920)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

YOUNG, George Edward (George Edward YOUNG; G. E. YOUNG)

Piano tuner and repairer, retailer, architect, surveyor, alderman

Born London, England, 24 June 1844; baptised St. John's Smith Square, 1844, son of James YOUNG (1808-1887) and Isabel FORD (c.1810-1883)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 July 1863 (per Lammerman, from London)
Married Annie HENRY, Ryde, NSW, 3 May 1865
Died Homebush, NSW, 1 September 1928, aged 84 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Scotch United Secession Church, Oxendon Street . . . Middlesex, in the year [1844]; London Metropolitan Archives 

[Born] 24 June [1844] / [Baptized] 28 July / George Edward / [son of] James & Isabel / Young / Holywell St. Welbank / Pianoforte Maker . . .

England census, 1861; Lambeth, Kennington; UK National Archives, PRO R.G. 9 / 362 

27 / 13 [Park Crescent] / James Young / Head / 52 / Pianoforte maker / [born] Scotland
Isabel [Young] / Wife / 50 . . .
James [Young] / Son / 24 / Clerk to [Pianoforte maker] . . .
John [Young] / Son / 18 / Apprentice to [Pianoforte maker] . . .
George [Young] / Son / 16 / [-] . . .

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1865), 8 

PIANOFORTE TUNING, &c, by G. E. YOUNG, (from John Broadwood and Sons, London), Ryde, Mr. COLE'S, Stationer, next Denison House, George street. G. E. YOUNG begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he has had no necessity, much less any desire, to represent himself as still being with Mr. King, as tuner, trusting to his own merits for a share of that patronnge already bestowed upon him.

PIANOFORTE TUNING and REPAIRING. Instruments thoroughly repaired and carefully tuned. W. KING begs to inform his friends and customers in town and country that Mr. YOUNG is no longer in his employ as a tuner. W. KING, Pianoforte Maker, Mort's-buildings, Pitt-street.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1866), 4 

PIANOFORTES TUNED and REPAIRED - touch and tone fully restored. G. E YOUNG, from Broadwood's, London. Address, care of H. Cole, next Denison House, George-street, and Ryde, Parramatta River.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1866), 14 

G. E. YOUNG, Pianoforte Tuner, in returning thanks for past favours, respectfully informs his friends and the public generally that he has entered into partnership with Mr. C. J. JACKSON, Organ-builder of Melbourne, at 160, Pitt-street, a few doors north of King-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles James Jackson

YOUNG, Jacob (Jacob YOUNG)

Bandsman (Burton's Band); musician band-master (German Band)

Active SA and VIC, 1856-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Dune, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Sodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Miller, and Christian Prothenback, known as "Burton's Band," appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they, having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, "did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same." Henry Burton, sworn, said the defendants, who had played for him in Victoria, were engaged by his agent to play for him in Adelaide and South Australia at £16 per week, their own terms (agreement put in and acknowledged). That the day before the Circus left Port Adelaide, after they had received their week's wages, £16 (receipt put in), they said they would not go into the country with witness, unless he paid them £3 per week extra . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 December 1856), 1 

Consisting of Seven Musicians, Have the honour to announce that they intend to give a GRAND ORCHESTRAL CONCERT, Which will take place
On TUESDAY EVENING, December 16,
On which occasion the undermentioned masterpieces will be performed:-
1. Grand March, from the Opera of the "Prophet" - Meyerbeer.
2. Cavatina, from "Robert le Diable" - Meyerbeer.
3. The Anglesey Waltz - H. Pfingsten.
4. The Artillery Gallop - Charles Coote.
5. Cavatina, from the Opera "Lucrezia Borgia" - Donizetti.
6. Mount Blanc Polka (with Echo and Variations for Clarionette) - Jullien.
7. The Queen of Roses Waltz - D'Albert.
An intermission of ten minutes.
1. Quadrille, from "La Sonnambula" - Bellini.
2. Potpouri, from the Opera of "Der Freischutz" - Weber.
3. The Princess Royal Waltz
4. Our Polka (great Variation for the Cornet-a-piston)
5. Potpouri from the Opera "Wilhelm Tell" - Rossini.
C. The Great Exhibition Quadrille - Jullien.
Containing the French and other National Airs, and concluding with the National Anthem.
Conductor - J. Young.
Admission. - Reserved Seats, 5s. : Back Seats, 3s.
Tickets to be had of Mr. White, at the Assembly Rooms; at Messrs. Hillier's, Platts's, at the Hotel Europe, and at the Napoleon Bonaparte Hotel. Doors open at half-past 7, Concert to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (21 July 1858), 1s

Charles Schlue was charged with stealing two shirts, the property of his employer, a German musician named Jacob Young, living at North Melbourne. The prisoner was one of a German band, and the prosecutor, on the previous night, had locked him up in a room, in consequence of his being drunk, and unable to play his part . . .

YOUNG, James (James YOUNG)

Parish clerk

Born NSW, 17 October 1803
Died Auckland, NZ, 24 February 1867 (shareable link to this entry)


Census of NSW, November 1828 (Sainty and Johnson 1985)

Young, James, 26, born in the colony, Protestant, parish clerk, St James. Castlereagh Street Sydney
Young, Mary. 24, born in the colony
Young, George, 4, born in the colony
Young, Emmeline Layton, 1, born in the colony

[News], The Sydney Monitor (17 March 1829), 3

. . . Mr. Young the Parish clerk and collector of pew rents . . .

YOUNG, John (John YOUNG)

Musician, harpist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856; Sydney, NSW, 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (29 March 1856), 10

TILKES CITY HOTEL. Bourke street. A GRAND SELECTION Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, (Solo and Concerted) Will be given Every Evening in the New Splendid Music Saloon of the above Hotel by an efficient company. The following artistes will have the honor of appearing - VOCALISTS: Mr. J. W. Morgan, the eminent basso; Madame D. Butler, the celebrated soprano; Mr. Frank Martin, tenor; INSTRUMENTALISTS: Violin, Mr. Clifford; Flute, Mr. Foote; Harp, Mr. J. Young; Concertina, Mr. George Clifford; Pianoforte, Mr. E. J. Piper. Commence at Eight o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1 

CONCERT, CONCERT. - Great Attraction. - Lovers of harmony should pay a visit to Mr. TOOGOOD'S, Rainbow Tavern, and hear those unrivalled musicians Messrs. YOUNG and CLIFFORD, on the harp, concertina, and violin, every evening, together with a variety of sentimental and comic singing in character. Admission free. Commence at 7 o'clock.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1857), 4

Thomas Dwyer was found guilty of having wilfully and maliciously broken a harp, the property of John Young. It appeared that complainant is an itinerant musician, and was last night exercising his vocation in Bathurst-street, when defendant asked him for a certain tune, with which he was accommodated; he then asked for another, which complainant declined to play, whereupon Dwyer said that he would smash his harp, and at the same time gave it a severe kick which broke off a portion, to repair which will require at least £5.

Bibliography and resources:

Rosemary Hallo, Erard, Bochsa and their impact on harp music-making in Australia (1830-1866): an early history from documents (Ph.D thesis, University of Adelaide, 2014), 109 

YOUNG, John (John YOUNG)

Musician, music teacher, tonic sol-fa instructor

Born London, England, 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1882 (per Chimborazo)
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 December 1915 (shareable link to this entry)


"MR. JOHN YOUNG", Observer (1 January 1916), 25 

The late Mr. John Young, who came to Adelaide by the steamer Chimborazo in 1882, in which year he joined the Education Department under the late Mr. Hartley, was a gentleman of exceptional attainments. Born at Upper Clapton, London, in 1846, he was educated in the metropolis. He gained a Queen's Scholarship, and entered the Borough Road Training College. In 1880 he obtained one of the highest certificated then to be gained in England, under the Education Department, and qualified to take charge of any of the larger London Schools. After five years as head master of the Portsmouth School he was given further promotion in London, but ill health compelled him to seek a change of climate. With Mrs. Young (formerly Miss Catherine Ham, of Plymouth), to whom he was married in 1877, he came to South Australia, where as head teacher in several country districts, notably Mannum, and Morgan, his work was most valuable. He was a skilled mathematician, and as a musician he was also very thorough. In London he had taken an active interest in the tonic sol-fa method of singing, and helped considerably to spread it here. He was a violinist of notable ability. For several years, Mr. Young had suffered greatly from bronchitis, and latterly had lived in retirement in Fisher street, Malvern. He died on Sundry in his 69th year. He has left a widow and one son (Mr. J. G. Young, of the Union Bank, Moonta).

YOUNG, Rebecca (Rebecca CASH; Mrs. R. B. YOUNG; Mrs. YOUNG)


Born Leeds, Yorkshire, England; baptised St. Peter's, Leeds, 19 March 1829, daughter of John and Elizabeth CASH
Married Robert Buller YOUNG, St. Giles in the fields, Camden, 30 May 1851
Active Adelaide, SA, 1853-54
Died Ceylon, c. 1872 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNG, Robert Buller (Robert Buller YOUNG; R. B. YOUNG)

Professor of music, clerk (in SA)

Born Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), 3 November 1830
Married Rebecca CASH, St. Giles in the fields, Camden, 30 May 1851
Active Adelaide, SA, 1853-54
Died Chelsea, London, England, 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Young herself gave a concert in Adelaide in July 1854, and appeared as a pianist on several other occasions, before giving her "farewell" concert in late December 1854. Press documentation gives no clear indication of her identity, except to suggest some connection with (through not necessarily a relation of) the family of governor Henry Young, who also farewelled Adelaide (for Hobart) late in 1854.

She was almost certainly Rebecca Young. Her address was given in December as Wakefield-street; Robert Buller Young (1830-1901) and his wife Rebecca lived at that address in 1854, and a letter for "Mrs. Robert Buller Young" was among unclaimed mail early in 1855.

They had two children while in Adelaide. Joseph William was born on 21 June 1853, and Agnes Elizabeth was born on 5 May 1854 but died on 4 December, just weeks before Mrs. Young's farewell concert.

Robert Buller Young, who in London had described himself as a "professor of music", had been appointed a clerk in the SA assay office early in 1852.

He and Rebecca in Ceylon, where he had been born, and where she died around 1872.


Marriages solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St. Giles in the Fields . . . 1851; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 51 / May 30 / Robert Buller Young / 22 years / Bachelor / Professor of Music / Denmark St. / [father's name] William Henry Young / Soldier
Rebecca Cash / 22 years / Spinster / - / Beumont St. / John Cash / Warder . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (14 April 1853), 4 

"MADAME CRANZ'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (16 April 1853), 3 

. . . The Concert commenced with a pianoforte version of Weber's Jubilee Overture, arranged for four hands, which was done, full justice to by Mrs. Young, a debutante, and M. Linger. The effects of this brilliant composition cannot be properly rendered on the pianoforte at any time, and in this instance the particular instrument used, was by no means a good one . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mathilde Cranz (vocalist); Carl Linger (pianist)

"MR. O'REILLY'S LECTURE", South Australian Register (19 April 1854), 2 

. . . Mrs. Young presided at the piano, and to Miss Pettman the company was indebted for several songs (including "Kathleen Mavourneen,") for one of which she received the honour of a hearty encore . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (18 July 1854), 1 

Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Lady Young.
MRS. YOUNG begs to announce that her first CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, under the patronage of His Excellency the Governor and Lady Young, will take place on TUESDAY, the 18th instant, at the Pantheon, King William-street.
Overture, Don Giovanni - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger - Mozart.
Scena and Aria, "Clemenza di Tito" - Madame Cranz - Mozart.
Solo, Pianoforte, "Non Piu Mesta" - Mrs. Young - Herz.
Song, "Scenes that are Brightest" - Miss Pettman - Wallace.
Duett, Cornopeans, " Deh Conte" (Norma) - Messrs. Chapman and McCullagh - Bellini.
Song - Mr. Daniels.
Song, "You'll Meet me, won't You" (by particular desire) - Miss Pettman.
Variations, Pianoforte, with accompaniments - Miss Rowe (pupil of Mr. Linger) - Herz.
Overture, "The Combat with the Dragon" - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger - Linger.
Duetto - Madame Cranz and Mr. Daniels - Linger.
Solo, Cornopean, with accompaniments — Airs, Sonambula - Mr. McCullagh - Bellini.
Song - Miss Pettman.
Solo, Pianoforte - Mrs. Young. Variations from "Norma" - Czerny.
Song - Mr. Daniels.
Scena and Aria - Madame Cranz - Linger.
National Anthem, Pianoforte - Mrs. Young, with accompaniments.
Doors to be opened at 7 o'clock, and to commence at half-past 7.
Tickets, 5s.; Reserved Seats, 8s.; to be had at the Pantheon; Mr. Platts, Hindley street; Mr. Henry Watson, Chemist, North Adelaide; and of Mrs. Young, Wiltshire-buildings, Wellington-square, North Adelaide.

"MRS. YOUNG'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (20 July 1854), 3 

The lovers of good music had on Tuesday a treat which they have not enjoyed since the days of Ellard and Wallace; and we were delighted to see that a crowded audience had assembled in anticipation of it. We had had the Overtures to Tancredi and Fra Diavolo over and over again, ad nauseam, and hailed the performance of the noble Overture to Don Juan as the prelude to something of a higher class than we have lately heard. We were not disappointed; it was followed by the delicious air from La Clemenza di Tito, sung by Madame Cranz to Mr. Linger's accompaniment, in the true spirit of the composer. The novelties of the evening were the selections from a piece entitled "Der Kampf mit dem Drachen," a dramatic poem of Korner, which Mr. Linger has set to exquisite music. Mr. Linger is a zealous disciple of Mozart, and having said that his melodies lost nothing by following two of the favourite productions of his great master, it is unnecessary to add more to their commendation. The overture, brilliant and rich in harmony, was beautifully played by himself and Mrs. Young. The voices of Madame Cranz and Mr. Daniels blended sweetly in the duet, and if the scena lost anything of its effect, it was from the evident nervousness of Madame Cranz, consideration for which alone prevented an encore. The great ease and absence of "thump" in Mrs. Young's execution imparts a peculiar charm to her playing, but we could have wished that she had chosen some less hackneyed piece for its display then Kerry's "Non pin mesta." Messrs. MacCallagh and Chapman performed two pieces on cornopeans, which were warmly and deservedly applauded. Miss Pettman's song, "You'll meet me" was encored, for what particular merit, either in the singing or composition, we did not understand. A pupil of Mr. Linger's, Miss Rowe, who made her debut, as a pianiste, gave considerable and satisfactory proof of her own cleverness and of the excellence of her teacher's system of tuition. Sir Henry and Lady Young were present, and the room was crowded by those of our citizens who generally congregate on occasions where good music is to be listened to, and a beneficent purpose effected.

ASSOCIATIONS: Since the days of Spencer Wellington Wallace and Frederick Ellard; Josiah Daniel (vocalist); Louisa Jane Rowe (pianist); Mary Ann Pettman (vocalist); William Chapman (cornopean); Robert McCullagh (cornopean); Henry Young (governor)

"MRS. YOUNG'S CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (20 July 1854), 3 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (31 August 1854), 1 

SACRED CONCERT . . . The VOCAL CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC in aid of the WAR RELIEF FUND, will be held in Freeman-street Chapel on WEDNESDAY EVENING, the 6th September . . . Pianists - Mrs. Young and F. S. Dutton, Esq., M.L.C. Conductor - Mr. J. W. Daniel . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Dutton (pianist)

"GRAND EVENING CONCERT", Adelaide Times (12 October 1854), 3 

. . . The solo on the pianoforte, "La Pluie de Perles," by Mrs. Young, was a performance of great merit. The unpretending and graceful style of this lady's execution, while thoroughly effective, possesses a pleasing attraction which more florid, but less meritorious performances, will never gain . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (22 December 1854), 1 

CHRISTMAS WEEK. - MRS. YOUNG begs to announce to her friends and the inhabitants of Adelaide that her FAREWELL COiSCERT will take place during the Christmas Vacation, particulars of which will be duly announced. December 21st, 1854.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (29 December 1854), 1 

THIS EVENING. CHRISTMAS WEEK. - MRS. YOUNG'S FAREWELL CONCERT. Under the Patronage of his Excellency the Acting Governor and Lady. Mrs. YOUNG begs to announce to her friends and the inhabitants of Adelaide and its vicinity, that her FAREWELL CONCERT will take place at Green's New Exchange, on Friday, December 29th. The performance to commence at half-past 7. Tickets 5s., reserved seats 8s.; to be had at Platt's, Howell's, Wigg's, the Secretary of the New Exchange, and of Mrs. Young, Wakefield street.
1. Overture - Barbiere de Seviglia - Rossini.
2. Song - Madoline - Miss Chaker - Nelson.
3. Song - Wellington - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
4. Solo Piano - Sonata Pathetique - Beethoven.
5. Song - The Old Arm Chair - Miss Pettman - Russell.
6. Duet - Miss Chalker and Mr. J. W. Daniel.
7. Solo, Harp - Polka Nationale - Miss Howe - Bochsa.
8. Song - An Angel Bright - Miss Pettman - Donizetti.
9. Waltz - The Fairest of the Fair - Orchestra.
10. Surprise - Orchestra - Haydn.
11. Song - Albion the Gem of the Sea - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
12. Song - I Love the Merry Sunshine - Miss Chalker - Glover.
13. Solo, Piano - Valse Brilliants la Fete de la Reine - Mrs. Young - H. B. Richards.
14. Song - Remember Thee - Miss Pettman - McKinlay.
15. Solo, Harp - Vivi tu - arranged by H. Horn.
16. Song - Miss Chalker.
17. Song - As if you didn't know - Miss Pettman - Phillips.
18. Galop - Orchestra -

YOUNG, Robert Bentley (Robert Bentley YOUNG; R. Bentley YOUNG)

Editor of hymnbook, journalist, agent

Born, baptised Bradford, Yorkshire, England, 27 March 1860; son of Robert Newton YOUNG
Active Australia, 1891-92; 1902
Died London, England, 9 November 1946 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry) (NLA persistent identifier)


"CHURCH MUSIC", South Australian Register (4 March 1892), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (14 March 1892), 7

We have received from the compiler, Mr. R. Bentley Young, an interesting collection of 78 Australian hymn tunes, already, we are informed, largely used in Australian churches and Sunday schools, and deserving to become widely and favourably known. We append the names of the composers, many of whom are well known to our readers, they are as follow - Sir W. C. Robinson, G.C.M.G., the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.D., LLD, Mus. Bac., the Rev. Dr. Torrance, Professor J. Ives, Mus. Bac., Messrs. Neville G. Barnett, F. Y. Benham, Colin A. F. Campbell, W. Bowen Chinner, Seymour Dicker, Charles Eyres, George Herbert, T. H. Jones, Geo. F. King, Henry J. King, Guglielmo Lardelli, V. Lloyd, John Massey, Ernest E. Mitchell, W. Sanders, Cecil J. Sharp, and T. N. Stephens. The collection is published by Novello, Ewer, and Co.

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Chronicle (19 March 1892), 9

"Australian Hymn Tunes", Australian Town and Country Journal (14 May 1892), 10

"DRAMATIC NOTES", The Register (22 February 1902), 9

Musical works:

Seventy-eight Australian hymn tunes, compiled by R. Bentley Young (London: Novello, Ewer and Co., n.d. [1891]) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YOUNGE, Richard William (Richard YOUNGE; Mr. R. YOUNGE; MR. R. W. YOUNGE)

Actor, vocalist, songwriter

Born England, c. 1821; son Richard and Sarah Elizabeth YOUNGE, elder brother of Frederick YOUNGE, above
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 February 1855 (per Pacific, from London, 25 November 1854, with G. B. Brooke's company)
Married Margaret DAVIS, VIC, 1863
Died Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 5 June 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNGE, Frederick George (Frederick YOUNGE; Mr. F. YOUNGE)

Comic vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 12 February 1825; baptised Pentonville, 11 April 1827, son of Richard and Sarah Elizabeth YOUNGE
Married Emma Jane CORRI, St. Mark's, Dublin, Ireland, 19 December 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1858 (per Norfolk, from London, 29 November)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 April 1865 (per Suffolk, for England)
Died Brockley Whins, County Durham, England, 6 December 1870 (in a railway crash), aged 45 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry) (NLA persistent identifier)

YOUNGE, Emma Jane (Emma Jane CORRI; Mrs. Frederick YOUNGE)

Vocalist, actor

Born Dublin, 1832; baptised St. Mary's, Dublin, 27 December 1832; daughter of Haydn CORRI (1785-1860) and his wife Ann
Married (1) Frederick YOUNGE, St. Mark's, Dublin, Ireland, 19 December 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 8 February 1858 (per Norfolk, from London, 29 November)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 April 1865 (per Suffolk, for England)
Married (2) James GARDNER, Deal, Kent, England, 21 December 1875
1891 UK census, living at Loughborough, England (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNGE, Francis Rusden (Frank YOUNGE; Mr. F. YOUNGE; also known in Australia as Frank HARLOWE)

Actor, songwriter, poet

Born England, c. 1829; son Richard and Sarah Elizabeth YOUNGE, younger brother of Frederick and Richard YOUNGE, above
Active Australia, 1860-66
Died London, England, 7/8 November 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Emma and Frederick Younge arrived in Melbourne in early 1858. At the Theatre Royal in June, Mrs. Younge introduced a "new Railway Song, Rosin the beau written by Mr. Charles Bright for this occasion", and her husband sang "A New Song to an Old Tune, written expressly for this evening, by Mr. W. M. Akhurst". At a theatrical benefit in aid of the United Fire Fighter's fund in October 1858, Emma, "surrounded by the brigades in full uniform", introduced a Fireman's song, "Composed for the occasion". Again, in 1862, at Geelong, she sang a different Fireman's song (to the tune of Britannia, the pride of the ocean) with words by her brother-in-law Frank Younge.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Mary in the city of Dublin in the year 1832; Irish church records 

No. 709 / 27th Dec. / Emma Jane . Haydn & Ann / Corri / 79 Upper Abbey St. / Professor of Music . . .

[News], Dublin Morning Register (11 April 1837), 3

We are not aware of precocious talent having ever arrived in greater perfection that it had in the little star of this evening at the Theatre Royal, Miss Emma Jane Corri, only 3 1/2 years old, who will sing "My Beautiful Rhine" . . .

Marriages solemnized at the parish church in the parish of St, Mark's in the city of Dublin, 1852 

No. 1 / 19th Dec'r. / Frederick Geo. Younge / of full age / Bachelor / Gentleman / Liverpool / [father's name] Richard Younge / Gentleman
Emma Jane Corri / Underage / Spinster / - / 54 Queen's Square / Haydn Corri / Gentleman . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 December 1854), 7 

MR. G. V. BROOKE will make his first appearance in the Australian colonies at the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, in his grand impersonation of Othello, supported by Miss Fanny Cathcart, and Mr. Richard Young, from the Theatre Royal, Drury lane, and the entire strength of the Company. The arrangements will be published upon the arrival of the Pacific steamer.

[Advertisement], The Age (26 February 1855), 8 

QUEEN'S THEATRE. Monday Evening, 28th February, 1855.
First Night of The Great Actor, Mr. G. V. BROOKE . . . and Mr. RICHARD YOUNGE, From the Theatre Royal Drury Lane, London . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1855), 5

. . . After the play, Mr. R. Younge sang a descriptive patriotic song, written by himself, on the departure of the British Guards from London for the East. The exciting and appropriate music was arranged by Mr. Winterbottom. The description of the varied circumstances attendant upon the departure, the march, the halt, the muster, the exchange of farewells by the wife and husband, the embarkation, and the first charge, followed by a prayer, was admirably illustrated both vocally and instrumentally, and obtained an enthusiastic encore . . . This evening . . . Mr. R. Younge will repeat the song just adverted to . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (11 July 1855), 4

THIS EVENING . . . Mr. R. Younge will sing a descriptive patriotic song, written by him on the departure of the Guards for the East . . .

"VICTORIA", The Courier (12 February 1858), 2

Among the passengers by the Norfolk are Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Younge, the former a brother of Mr. Richard Younge, stage manager of the Theatre Royal . . . Mr. Frederick Younge, whoso theatrical career at Drury Lane and Sadler's Wells has deservedly rendered him a favourite with the London public, will prove a most valuable acquisition to the Melbourne boards. - Melbourne Herald.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 October 1858), 8

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (14 April 1859), 5 

The attractions of "La Traviata" and the indisputable claims of M. Emile Coulon to the most favorable consideration of the musical community, last night filled the Theatre Royal in every part, and procured for the dress circle almost unexampled brilliancy. Making every allowance for the difficulties attending the production of the opera, in consequence of the dispersion of most of the members of the old company, "La Traviata" was placed on the stage with reasonable completeness and success. The principal parts were sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton (Violetta Valery), Mrs. F. Younge (Alfred Germont), and M. Emile Coulon (George Germont). To Miss Hamilton it is due to state that, considering her imperfect knowledge of the stage, she was eminently successful in her impersonation, while to Mrs. F. Younge credit is equally assignable for the adroit manner in which she sustained a part wholly unsuited to the character of her voice. The chorus was necessarily thin, especially in the soprano parts. The band was full and effective, and the conduct of the whole devolved upon Herr Siede, whose abilities in this line have never been properly known or appreciated. At the close of the performance, Mr. F. Younge announced that on Saturday evening the opera would be repeated, for the benefit of Miss Octavia Hamilton.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 April 1859), 5 

Mr. and Mrs. Heir took their benefit at the Theatre Royal last evening, before a moderately full house . . . The evening's amusements concluded with the musical farce of "The Waterman," in which Mrs. F. Younge, Mr. F. Younge, and Mr. T. S. Bellair, sang with capital effect the music incidental to the piece.

"DEATH OF MR. HAYDN CORRI", Bendigo Advertiser (15 May 1860), 3

[reprints obituary from Era, 25th February] . . . [Mr. Corri was the father of Mrs. Frederick Younge, who is at present performing at the Lyceum Theatre.]

[Advertisement], The Age (24 September 1860), 1 

MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE'S BENEFIT. THIS EVENING, Monday, 24th September . . . A MUSICAL MELANGE, By Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Frederick Younge, Mr. Walter Sherwin, and Mons. Emile Coulon. Irish Ballad - "Kitty Tyrrell," Mrs. F. Younge . . .

"THE DRAMA", Empire (31 October 1860), 4

The Victoria Theatre was crowded last night in every part on the occasion of the benefit and last appearance of Mr. Richard Younge . . .

"BENEFIT OF MRS. FREDERICK YOUNGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1862), 5

"THEATRICALS", Freeman's Journal (25 February 1863), 4 

THE TEMPERANCE HALL, OR ATHAENEUM. - Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Younge are about to open this Hall as a comfortable theatre. They have engaged a strong company - such a one, we venture to say, as has not been seen in Sydney for some time. Mr. Younge and his wife are a host in themselves; and our Irish friends who have heard their talented countrywoman's singing will readily agree with us that they have never heard a better singer of Irish songs than Mrs. Younge. She has got the exquisite feeling and tenderness that alone can render Irish songs as they ought to be rendered - in their pure and sublime simplicity. In comic songs, she has that delicious brogue that none but a true Irishwoman can possess . . .

"MRS. F. YOUNGE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1864), 4

[News], The Herald (21 April 1865), 2 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred. Younge, who leave the colony for England in the Suffolk, gave (with Mr. Wharton) an entertainment last night in the Polytechnic-hall, which was moderately well attended. Mr. Wharton sang several operatic and miscellaneous songs with great effect, and met with considerable applause. Mr. F. Younge, in addition to the vocal part which he took in the entertainment, appeared in Chinese and negro characters; of the two, the former impersonation was decidedly the better. Mrs. Younge also sang several popular airs, which were well received by the audience.

[News], The Argus (29 April 1865), 5  

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Younge, whom the public took their leave of at the Haymarket Theatre yesterday evening, are artistes the colonial stage can ill spare. Mrs. Younge's charming vocalisatlon would have rendered her a favourite in any land, and in Mr. Younge we have had a comedian whose polished acting recalls the best manners of the English stage . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", Empire (24 July 1865), 5 

To-night a new programme is announced, containing two new songs, one for Mr. Braham, whose excellent voice and good style are rapidly increasing his popularity, and entitled "Viva Australia," and the other a melody composed by Mr. George Loder expressly for the Christy's, to words by Mr. F. Young, and called, not very originally, "Oh boyhood's days" . . .

"THE CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (25 July 1865), 4 

. . . Mr. Rainford sang Mr. George Loder's new song, "Oh boyhood's days," exceedingly well . . .

"FASHION AND VARIETIES", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (23 May 1870), 3

Mrs. Frederick Younge, late Miss Corri, who is advertised to sing to-morrow (Tuesday) evening, at Mr. Laurence's concert, is wife to Mr. Frederick Younge, manager of the talented company who performed the comedy of Caste with such great success last week.

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION PALACE", Saunders's News-Letter (25 May 1870), 2

Mr. Lawrence's orchestral concert, which took place last evening at the Exhibition Palace, proved a great success . . . Miss Fennell sang "I dreamt I dwelt in marble halls" with much taste, and Mrs. Frederick Younge received deserved applause for the style in which she gave the favourite Irish ballad, "Kitty Tyrrell" . . .

"THE LATE MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE", Western Daily Press (9 December 1870), 4

The sad fate this excellent actor whose untimely death have had to deplore, through the disastrous results of the terrible accident which occurred last Tuesday on the line of the North Eastern Railway, has created a very painful sensation. More especially do his professional brethren mourn the withdrawal from their ranks of one who had deservedly gained a prominent position before the public, but whose worth in private life could only appreciated by those with whom he was most intimately associated. It was only on the preceding evening that, as manager of a company Loudon artists, expressly organised for the performance of Mr. T. W. Robertson's comedies the provinces, he had commenced a series of representations at Sunderland; and for Manchester, the next place to be visited on his tour, he was making arrangements at the time. Frederick George Younge was the son of Mr. Richard Younge, an actor who for many years filled with great credit a very responsible position at Drury Lane Theatre, and who died about twenty-four years ago. Mr. Frederick Younge's theatrical career may dated from that time. Having played comedy parts with great credit at most of the country theatres, he came to London, and was engaged by Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood for Sadler's Wells, where he made his first appearance August 29, 1849, as the principal grave-digger in "Hamlet." Accepting a lucrative engagement for the colonies, Mr. Frederick Younge remained for several years Australia, where he became highly popular both as actor and manager. Returning to this country in the summer of 1865, he soon after appeared at the Olympic . . . As a manager, his conduct earned the respect all with whom he had business relations, and as an actor the finished excellence of a style which was easily marked by freshness of manner and ripeness of judgment never failed to be warmly appreciated by the audience. A perfect gentleman in heart, gallant in his nature, and genial and pleasant to all who knew him, "Fred Younge " will long be remembered with affection by many sincere sorrowing friends.

"FUNERAL of MR. FREDERICK G. YOUNGE", Era (18 December 1870), 11

On the afternoon of the 9th inst. the remains of Mr. Frederick G. Younge, who was killed in the fearful railway catastrophe at Brockley Whins, were interred at the Elswick Cemetery, Newcastle . . . The widow of the unfortunate gentleman accompanied by Mr. Frank Younge, one of his brothers, and Mrs. Richard Younge arrived from London shortly afterwards. The grief of the bereaved family circle will be realised by many a sympathising heart, and in respectful silence we pass it by, but the terrible nature of the blow may be imagined from the following incident. The brothers, Messrs. Frederick Richard, and Frank Younge, have for years been separated by wide tracts of sea and land, Australia, England, and America having been the scene of their respective wanderings at different times. About ten days ago Mr. Frank Younge arrived in England from Australia, and for the first time for a very long period the three brothers found themselves in England at the same time. To celebrate the occasion it was resolved that during the Christmastide the "Caste" company should be treated to a holiday, and that the brothers should hold a great family reunion, in which they might enjoy the unwonted pleasure of each other's society without let or hindrance. How terribly the dream has been dispelled our readers will know . . .

"DEATH OF MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 February 1871), 2 

"MULTUM IN PARVO", Liverpool Mercury [England] (10 November 1871),

Mr. Frank Younge, brother of the late Mr. Frederick Younge, of the "Caste" company, died in London, on Wednesday. Mr. Younge was a well-known actor, and had achieved distinction in the colonies and in America.


The death is announced of Mr. Richard Younge, the well-known actor.

[Old playgoers will learn with regret that Mr. Richard Younge, the actor, is no more. He must have been approaching 70 years of age at the time of his decease, and for some years previously had been the manager of a company travelling through England with one of the popular comedies of the day. But of late we have missed his name from the customary announcements in the theatrical papers, and conclude that illness or infirmity had compelled him to relinquish the active duties of a profession to which he was warmly attached. He came out to Victoria upwards of 30 years ago in company with the late G. V. Brooke, under engagement to Mr. George Coppin, and played Iago to the great tragedian's Othello on the first appearance of both at the old Queen's Theatre, in 1854. The deceased actor sustained the secondary part in most of the plays produced at that time, and when the Olympic Theatre was erected in Lonsdale street, Mr. Younge became its stage manager, a position for which he was admirably qualified. He possessed an excellent knowledge of stage business, and had studied a wide range of characters. He was not adapted to shine as a star, but was a careful, intelligent, safe, and solid all round actor - slow of study and deliberate, sometimes hesitating in delivery. Nothing came amiss to him on the boards - tragedy, comedy, farce, or melodrama, and he was always to be depended upon. If there was one line of character in which he excelled it was that of villains; and his Iago, his Paul Latent, and personages of that description he presented to the life. In private he was greatly and deservedly esteemed for his uprightness and sincerity, his unassuming manners, his simple, kindly disposition, and the flow of theatrical anecdote with which he could enliven a conversation. After a professional career of several years in this and the other colonies, where he made many friends and no enemies, he returned to the mother country, from which he never cared to expatriate himself a second time.]

Works (Frank Younge):

"FIREMAN'S SONG", Geelong Advertiser (10 March 1862), 3 

Oh! boyhood's days, words by Frank Younge; music by George Loder (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1877]) (DIGITISED)

Published posthumously; originally written 1865, as see above

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 99, 105

Gyger misidentifies the Alfred and Gaston in the April 1859 Melbourne Traviata as "Mrs. Richard Younge" and her husband; recte "Mrs. and Mr. Fred. Younge" (above)

"Emma Jane Corri", Trulock family  

"Emma Jane Corri", The peerage 

YOUNGER, Charles (Charles YOUNGER)

Amateur cellist, organist, merchant, ironmonger, founding member of Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born ? England, c1807/08
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 December 1832 (per Alexander Robertson, from Plymouth, 22 July, via the Cape)
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 26 June 1875, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

YOUNGER, Montague (senior) (Montagu Thomas Robson YOUNGER; Montague YOUNGER)

Organist, pianist, composer (pupil of Stephen Marsh and Charles Packer)

Born Sydney, 25 June 1836; son of Charles YOUNGER and Harriet MILLS (d. 1881)
Married Anna Maria REILLY, St Peter's church, Cook's River, NSW, 26 October 1865
Died Sydney, 26 December 1899, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)

YOUNGER, Montague (junior) (Montague Belmore YOUNGER; Montague YOUNGER junior)


Born Sydney, NSW, 1869; son of Montague YOUNGER and Anna Maria REILLY
Died NSW, 7 May 1947, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1832), 2

From London via Cape of Good Hope, on Tuesday last, having sailed from the former port on the 16 of July, and the latter on the 24th of October, the barque Alexander Robertson, 229 tons, Captain Gray, with a cargo of merchandize. Passengers, from the Cape of Good Hope, Mr. Charles Younger, merchant; Mrs. Younger . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (22 May 1852), 3

North Shore Subscription Races. QUEEN'S BIRTH-DAY . . . LADS residing on the North Shore pulling a Pair of Oars in Racing Skiffs . . . Montague Younger - Warratah . . .

"Aquatics in 1853", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 January 1854), 1 

. . . Silvertop. Robert Green and Montagu Younger won third prize of £3, the Amateurs' Race for youths under 17 years of age. North Shore Regatta. 24th May . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (8 March 1854), 1 

THIS Society has been established by a number of musical gentlemen, for the cultivation and performance of the most approved vocal and instrumental music. The proceeds after paying the necessary expenses to go towards a fund for the encouragement of musical talent in this colony.
The Society to be supported by annual subscriptions, and by voluntary contributions, and to consist of members, subscribers, and associates. Members to take an active part in the Society, and subscribers to be admitted to the concerts; the former to pay and annual subscription of £2, and the latter, £1 1s. Associates are elected by the Committee, and admitted gratuitously.
Parties desirous of joining the Society, will please send their names and the amount of their subscriptions, either to the Treasurer, Mr. B. Mountcastle, George-street, the gentlemen of the Committee
Mr. Gilbert Wright, King-street
Mr. Frederick Kellerman, Church-hill
Mr. Charles Younger, Pitt-street
Mr. Francis Clarke, Woolloomooloo
Mr. William MacDonnell, George-street,
Or to MONS. EUGENE PARIS, Hon. Sectretary, 231, Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1854), 8 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. - PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, H. G. Douglass, Esq., M.L.C.; TREASURER, Mr. B. Mountcastle; HON. SECRETARY, Mons. E. Paris; COMMITTEE, Messrs. G. Wright, F. Kellermann, C. Younger, F. Clarke, W. Mac Donnell. The object of the Society is the practice and cultivation of the most approved vocal and instrumental music, and is based on the principles of the London Philharmonic Society, and other amateur Musical Societies in England . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1859), 1 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, The Hon. F. L. S. Merewether; COMMITTEE, J. Black, Mr. T. A. Boesen, E. Deane, J. Dyer; W. McDonell, L. Spyer, L. Rawack, J. Smith, jun., J. G. Waller, C. Younger: Honorary Treasurer: Mr. W. H. Aldis. Conductor: Mr. John Deane . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1864), 1

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1864), 5

. . . REPORT. The committee have to report that during the past year the proceedings of the society have been carried on with equal, if not greater, efficiency than in any previous year of the society's existence. There has now been collected together, mainly by the energetic exertions of the conductor, Mr. Cordner, a very efficient orchestra. The chorus has been strengthened materially, and with the able assistance of Mr. Montague Younger on the organ, the whole society forms a combination of musical ability that has not hitherto been associated in this colony . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1865), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1865), 1

On the 26th instant, at St. Peter's Church, Cook's River, by the Rev. George King, M.A., Montague T. R. Younger, third son of Charles Younger, Talengetta, St. Leonards, to Anna Maria, eldest daughter of Richard Reilly, Tivoli, Cook's River.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1865), 5

Mr. Montague Younger - well known in musical circles as an amateur musician of great genius and a gentleman who enjoyed the personal respect and esteem of a large number of friends - has left Sydney to settle in Queensland.

"MR. MONTAGUE YOUNGER, THE AMATEUR MUSICIAN", Empire (21 November 1865), 5 

"IPSWICH", The Queenslander (24 February 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1867), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1875), 1

"ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL", Empire (28 February 1872), 2

"Mr. Montague Younger, Jun.", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 July 1899), 41

Mr. Montague Younger, Jun. At the Freemasons' ball, held at the Town Hall, Sydney, on July 27, a new waltz, composed by Mr. Montague Younger, jun., second son of the well-known organist and musician of this city, appeared in the programme. There has been a plethora of this class of dance music for the last few years In Sydney, although of the many candidates for public favor few are advanced to the stage of appearing in print, or obtain the coveted honor of being orchestrated by M. be Groen and played by his celebrated band. But this waltz is making an auspicious entry into public life. His Excellency Lord Beauchamp has permitted its dedication to himself, and the piece has been entitled "The Earl". It goes without saying that the composition is a meritorious one to have won its way thus far, and, as it is just being brought out by Messrs. Paling and Company,  musical people will soon have an opportunity of judging for themselves. Mr. Montague Younger, jun., is essentially a son of the soil-a veritable cornstalk as his father is himself a native of Sydney, being the second son of Mr. Younger, of stove-making fame, who came to New South Wales in the early days to open an ironmongery store in conjunction with Mr. Levick, who travelled with him from England, for the purpose. To believers in heredity, it is curious to note how this young composer's grandfather was himself a musician, finding time, when not engaged in his business, to play the 'cello. He also had a liking for organ music, presenting St. Thomas's Church, North Sydney, with its first instrument, a seraphim [seraphine], when he held the position there of trustee and churchwarden, the other trustee being Mr. James Milson. Mr. Younger played this instrument himself for some time, his young sons singing in the choir, the second one (Montague) being later on promoted to the position of organist when 10 years of age at a salary of £10 a year. Although intended for business, this juvenile organist eventually took up music as a profession in 1865, and after a short sojourn in Queensland, where he filled important musical positions, was appointed organist and choir master at St. Andrew's Pro-Cathedral in 1868, and has filled the same position from its consecration to the present time. It is not, however, as a public performer that his son, Mr. Montague Younger, jun., hopes to come to the front. From an early age he has had a taste for musical composition, and a long illness keeping him from the business life for which he was intended, induced him to turn his attention exclusively to music. In addition to "The Earl" waltz, Mr. Younger has two songs ready for publication, and his many friends in Sydney will watch his future career with great interest.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1899), 1

YOUNGER. - December 26, 1899, at his son's residence, Me Mel, Smith-street, Summer Hill (of pneumonia), Montague T. R. Younger, late organist St. Andrew's Cathedral, aged 64 years.

"MEMORIAL SERVICE OF MR. MONTAGUE YOUNGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1900), 9

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1900), 12

"CHARLES YOUNGER. Just a Hundred years Ago", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1932), 9

. . . The final place of business the firm having then changed its name to Younger and Son was located where the Bulletin office now stands in George street. There was an added interest attached to this house. Here a great part of the oratorio The Crown of Thorns by Charles Packer was composed. Mr. Packer was on intimate terms of friendship with the family . . . The family was very musical the father being a good performer on the piano, organ and cello and all the sons and daughters played instruments and sang. Mr. Younger who was one of the founders of St. Thomas Church North Sydney was its first organist and was succeeded by his son Montague at the juvenile age of 12.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1947), 22 

YOUNGER Montague Belmore - May 7, 1947, brother of the late Herbert Younger and the late Walter Younger, aged 78 years. Privately Interred May 8 1947.

Musical works (Montague senior):

The nervous cures (as danced by the celebrated Christy's Minstrels arranged for the pianoforte by M. Younger) (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, [1868]) 

Nervous cures galop ("The Veritable Christy's nervous cures galop as played at the nobility's and gentry's balls") (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, [1868]) 

Thanksgiving hymn for the preservation of the duke of Edinburgh (from the attempt upon his life) (words: L. M. Harrison) [April 1868], published as Hymn: A tribute to prince Alfred (Words L. M. Harrison)

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Younger, Montague Thomas Robson (1836-1899)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Graeme Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, esp. 377-79

Peter Hughes, "Montague Younger: first organist of St. Andrew's Cathedral Sydney", The Sydney organ journal (December 1999), 21-22

Graeme Rushworth 2006, Historic organs of New South Wales - supplement, 69

Reproduces likely photograph of Younger (sen.), c.1895

YRIGOYTI, Francis de (Francis de YRIGOYTI)

Composer, wine merchant

Active London, England, 1850s
Died France, 17 February 1911 (shareable link to this entry) (BnF data) (NLA persistent identifier)


Francis de Yrigoyti never came to Australia. However, he composed several popular compositions that are testament to colonial gold fever's grip in London in the early 1850s. The new song Dig! dig! dig! was "Composed & dedicated to all merry gold diggers"; according to reviews quoted on the back cover of the second edition: "This song may serve to shed a gleam of satisfaction to our Australian friends", "we hope it may find its way to Geelong". Yrigoyti followed the song with the Dig! dig! dig! polka. The song and his The great nugget polka were on sale in Australia by mid 1854.

Many new colonial "local songs" were also written and sung as parodies of "Dig, dig, dig".

The "Royal Victoria nugget", 328 oz. in weight, unearthed on the central Victorian diggings in September 1852, was so-called because it was purchased for and presented to queen Victoria.


"New Music", The Ladies' Companion and Monthly Magazine 3 (1 April 1853), 222

Dig! Dig! Dig! Song. Composed, and dedicated to All Merry Gold Diggers, by Francii de Yrigoyti. (Jewell and Letchford.)

The Wooing Season. Ballad. Words by W. Cullen Bryant; Music by F. de Yrigoyti. (Cramer, Beale, and Co.)

The name of Francis de Yrigoyti may not be so new to the musical world as it seems to us; but whether he be an experienced composer or not, but whether he be an experienced composer or not, these two songs at any rate evince powers of no ordinary character. The charming words of the American poet are set to a striking melody; and the ballad, sung by Miss Poole, must, we fed sure, eventually become a popular favourite. "Dig! Dig! Dig!" is a sparkling, spirited song, in all respects likely to "tell" at the present moment. We commend it to emigrants as a good song to sing on the voyage, when their fellow-passengers call on their musical companions to enliven them with a merry strain.

"THE GREAT NUGGET POLKA", The Ladies' Companion and Monthly Magazine 3 (1 June 1853), 330

The Great Nugget Polka. By the composer of " Dig! Dig!" (Jewell and Letchford, Soho Square.)

We had occasion lately to give deserved praise to some of Mr. Yrigoyti's songs, and now he proves himself a successful composer of dance music. "The Great Nugget Polka" is lively and effective, as a polka should be. Whether polkas are danced at the "Diggings" or not, we really cannot say; but perhaps the title will attract purchasers, and sometimes prove a souvenir of absent friends.

[Advertisement], The Musical Times 5 (1 February 1854), 346

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1854), 6

THE GREAT NUGGET POLKA, embellished with a veritable nugget . . . WOOLCOTT and CLARKE

"CHARACTERISTIC MUSIC", The Courier (1 June 1854), 3

Two pieces of music have been recently published in London, "The Great Nugget Polka," and a song called "Dig, dig, dig!"

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (31 July 1855), 3 

MUSIC! MUSIC! MUSIC! The undersigned begs to inform the public that he has just received ex White Star a quantity of New Music, comprising Songs, Ballads, Polkas, Quadrilles, Waltzes, Mazurkas, , Marches, &c., &c., of which the following is a short list -
SONGS. Dig, dig, dig . . .
DANCES. Dig, dig, dig polka . . .
THOMAS BROWN, Bookseller and Stationer, Morrabool street.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 April 1858), 3

MUSIC . . . Dig! Dig! Dig! A song to all Gold Diggers . . .
ROBERT BLAIR. Maitland, April 6th, 1858.

Musical works:

Dig! dig! dig!, song by Francis de Yrigoyti (London: Jewel & Letchford, [1853]) 

The great nugget polka Francis de Yrigoyti (London: Jewel & Letchford, [1853]) 

The great nugget polka composed by le chevalier F. de Yrigoyti (Victoria nugget, 328 oz.) to Harry Lee Carter esq're [piano, 4 hands] (London: G. Emery, [successor to Jewel])

- Z -

ZAMBONI, Signora (Signora ZAMBONI)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Active Hobart and Launceston, TAS, January-February 1875; Brisbane, QLD, March 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING", The Tasmanian (30 January 1875), 14 

HOBART TOWN SHIPPING. ARRIVED . . . January 22. - Tasman, s.s., 491 tons, E. Lucas, from Melbourne, 20th inst. Passengers . . . Signor and Signora Tamburini Coy, Signora Zenoni Gamboa, Signor Baldassarri, Signora Baldassarri, Signora Magi, Signora Zamboni, Signora Dao . . .

"THE OPERA", Launceston Examiner (20 February 1875), 5 

On Thursday evening Meyerbeer's master work Il Profeta was performed to an appreciative though not crowded house . . . Signora Zamboni in the minor part of Ines was good . . .

[News], The Brisbane Courier (30 March 1875), 2 

SIGNOR POMPEI'S Italian Opera Troupe, on their second appearance at the Victoria Theatre, last night, were greeted by an audience such as is seldom seen assembled in Brisbane . . . The piece chosen for last evening was Donizetti's justly-celebrated opera of "Lucia di Lammermoor" . . . The principal performers last night - consisting of Signor Baldassari, as Henry Ashton; Signor Dondi, as Raimondo; Signor Coy, as Edgardo; Signora Tamburini Coy, as Lucia (the heroine); and Signora Zamboni, as Alice, her attendant - acquitted themselves in a manner that appeared to give the greatest satisfaction to the critical audience assembled to hear them . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 198


Dancers, vocalists, actors

Arrived Sydney, June 1871 (per Nebraska, from California)
Departed Sydney, January 1872 (per Nebraska, for Auckland, NZ) (shareable link to this entry)

ZAVISTOWSKI, Christine (Christine LUDLAM; Mrs. Antonio ZAVISTOWSKI; Christine ZAVISTOWSKI)

Born England, c.1834 (mother of Emmeline and Alice)


Born Pennsylvania, USA, c.1850


Born New York, USA, c.1852


The Zavistowski Sisters (actually Christine was Emmeline and Alice's mother) toured Australia for an intensive six months from mid-1871, before moving on to New Zealand in January 1872.



[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (3 June 1871), 6

The Zavistowski sisters (three in number), burlesque actresses, singers, and dancers have been engaged by Mr. George Coppin to visit Australia. They are said to be the most expensive stars that have ever yet visited the colonies.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1871), 4

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 June 1871), 20

"THE PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1871), 5

Great reputations may fill a theatre for one night to see Burnand's burlesque of Ixion, and as was the case on last Saturday night, many persons may be unable to obtain admission, but to draw large audiences in inclement weather, without changing the bill requires something more than a name. That these ladies have done so, proves that they have convinced the playgoers of their talent, and are appreciated. They are considered the cleverest trio of burlesque artists seen here, and from their first entrance to the fall of the curtain the excitement never flags, nor is there an opportunity afforded for adverse criticism. Miss Christine as Jupiter, dances admirably, and acts with great animation, and the Misses Emmeline and Alice as Ixion and Mercury fulfil every requisite of the part with immense eclat. They have been nightly encored, and are already as popular as if they had been old favourites.

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 20

. . . The most lithe and easy is the youngest, I think, Alice, who has a naive manner, and a very piquant countenance, totally unlike either of the others. The general appearance of the girls, their dresses, and a sort of brilliance, add to a passable share of good looks, very necessary for burlesque actresses. On hearing Alice sing "Love among the Roses", it is easy to see whence Miss Bessie Gregory borrowed her style of singing the song. Emmeline is the best comic vocalist; "Moet and Chandon" will, of course, be the rage of those who are addicted to show themselves the worse for indulging in the beverages. The "Shoo Fly", with which the present edition terminates, is a novelty, and about the most amusing part of the piece, and very characteristic of the kind of thing that will draw in San Francisco for "seventeen consecutive weeks".

"NEW DANCE MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1871), 4

NEW DANCE MUSIC. Mr. Henry Marsh has issued a waltz entitled the "Zavistowski", with an introduction including the air "Love among the roses". This composition will be found very lively, and in Mr. Marsh's usually effective style. The popular nigger melody, "Shoo fly", furnishes Mr. Walter Rice, the leader of the Prince of Wales Opera House band, with the basis of an excellently arranged galop, set in E, and A sharp. It is very pleasing, and well marked. The latter is published by Mr. J. R, Clarke, music-seller, of Hunter street.

"THEATRE ROYAL. THE ZAVISTOWSKI SISTERS", The Argus (11 September 1871), 6

"NEW MUSIC", Williamstown Chronicle (20 January 1872), 5

We have received from Professor Hughes's Academy of Music, Collins street east, a copy of "Dora Fair", just published, as sung by our esteemed friend, Madlle. Emmeline Zavistowski, in the burlesque of the Field of the Cloth of Gold. By special request an acquaintance of ours kindly went through the music, which is set with pianoforte accompaniments, and to our uncultivated ear the performances sounded very nicely.

"SYDNEY SHIPPING", The Maitland Mercury (25 January 1872), 1

"THE ZAVISTOWSKI SISTERS", Daily Southern Cross (5 February 1872), 3

[Obituary of Antonio Zavistowski], New York Clipper (20 April 1901)

Through Col. T. Alston Brown we learn of the death of Mons. Antonio Zavistowski which occurred Jan. 24 at Morris Plains, NJ, aged seventy-six years. He was a well known ballerina master to old timers. He was at Covent Garden, London, Eng. for some time and came to America with his wife (Christine Ludlam), a well known premiere danseuse, in November 1848. He appeared with his wife in the small theatre called the Amphion, adjacent to the old Broadway Theatre. He then went to Philadelphia and appeared at Ellsbee's Lyceum. They then came back to the old Bowery Theatre, this city. Returning to Philadelphia, they appeared at the Arch Street Theatre in 1853, dancing between the plays. For Zavistowski's benefit, June 27, 1854, the pantomime of "Too Many Cooks" was acted, when his wife first appeared in pantomime. The season of 1858-9, Zavistowski was at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia. Leaving Philadelphia, they traveled as the Zavistowski Family, consisting of Mrs. Zavistowski (Christine Ludlam) and their two daughters, Alice and Emmeline. As the family, they were at Pike's Opera House, Cincinnati in the season of 1864. They traveled through the country until they went to San Francisco, Cal. with the spectacle "Snow Flake" and appeared at the Grand Opera House (now Morosco's), under the management of Fred Bert. Then Zavistowski went to Australia with Annie Pixley. He retired from the stage about 1881 and for years resided at Ridgewood New Jersey. When "Michael Strogoff" was done at Booth's Theatre he had charge of the ballet.

Related musical publications:

The Zavistowski waltz (by Henry Marsh) (Sydney & Melbourne: n. p., [1871]) 

Moet and Chandon waltz (arranged by Percy Fitz Stubbs; Dedicated to Miss Emmeline Zavistowski. Arranged from the air and suggested by her artistic representation of IXION) (Sydney: n.p., [?1871/2]) 

ZEIGLER, Herr C. (Herr C. ZEIGLER; ZIEGLER; ? Charles)

Double bass player, musician

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-51; ? Melbourne, VIC, 1852 (shareable link to this entry)


"RESIDENT MAGISTRATES COURT. Wednesday, 7th June . . . C. ZEIGLER v. W. WILLIAMS", South Australian Register (10 June 1848), 4

A claim of two pounds, for attendance with another, as musicians, at a public dinner. The plaintiff is a German, unable to speak English. The defendant is landlord of the City Bridge Hotel. A person named Dusseldorf was sworn, and acted as interpreter and counsel for the plaintiff throughout the case. Defendant also objected to the account furnished. It mentioned another person, but did not name him, and that, other person might advance a claim after a verdict was obtained in this action.
His Worship - What is your real defence, Mr. Williams? Defendant - That I did not engage him.
His Worship, to the interpreter - Tell him he says he never engaged him.
Interpreter - Plaintiff says he even offered him payment next day, but not enough.
His Worship - Has he witnesses to show that he was engaged?
The interpreter called and translated the statement of plaintiff a companion. He was engaged by Zeigler, to play with him on the 8th of May, at Mr. Williams's, and was to have a pound for doing so. Was not paid yet.
Mr. Williams stated, that he had three musicians hired for the occasion, met the plaintiff in the street by mere chance, and invited him to come. He (plaintiff) had before that time, played and sung at his (defendant's) house, and a collection was made amongst the company for him. On this occasion he had refreshments for which he was not charged.
Interpreter - Do you think these men would go there unless they expected payment?
His Worship - Mr. Williams stated that he (plaintiff) had been there before and was satisfied with the sum collected.
Interpreter to Mr. Williams - You had three other men, what did you give them?
Mr. Williams - Three pounds.
Interpreter - Your Worship, he (plaintiff) was ordered by the publican, and expects to be paid by him. He (interpreter) would call Philip Lee.
Philip Lee, musician - Went to dinners, balls, theatres, &c., &c. Always looked for an engagement.
His Worship - These men were in the habit of going and receiving whatever was collected. What dinner was this, Mr. Williams?
Mr. Williams - The anniversary dinner of the Albion Lodge of Oddfellows.
His Worship - Have you a witness to prove that mode of paying by collection?
Mr. Williams - Not here, your Worship.
Then pay one pound with costs.


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

MONSTER CONCERT . . . IN AID OF THE FUNDS OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL . . . Double Basses, Mons. Paris and Herr Zeigler . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

. . . GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . MRS. EDWARD JUPP . . . April 9th, in the Commercial Exchange . . . assisted by . . . Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. F. Ellard, Mr. J. W. Daniel, Mr. C. Walsh, Herr Linger, Mr. Bennett, Herr Mater, Herr Huenerbein, Herr Keidle, Herr Ziegler, Mons. Paris, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Lee, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Harwood, Mr. McCullagh, the Messrs. Cobbin, &c. &c. . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (17 September 1851), 1 

ON Wednesday, the 17th of September, a Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert will be given at the Exchange, King William-street . . . by the DEUTSCHE LIEDERTAFEL,
assisted by a Grand Orchestra, and the principal musical talent of this colony, who have most liberally volunteered their services . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 9. Grand chorus, from the Opera "Euryanthe," C. M. v. Weber,
with Bass Acccompaniment by Messrs. Chapman, F. Coppin, Herren Huenerbein, Keidel, and Ziegler . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1852), 5

HERR MATER'S FIRST GRAND CONCERT . . . Saturday, June 5, 1852, at the Mechanics' Institute . . . PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. TESTAR, Mr. St. George Hamilton, Mr. Charles Walsh; Messrs. Buddee, Megson, Read, Coose, Harwood, and Thompson, Herr Huenerbein, Messrs. Osborne and Wheeler, Herr Zeigler, Mons. Lavrance, Messrs. Jenkins, Cossac, Cobbin, Beattie, and Barnard . . .

ZEIM, Herr

See Herr ZIEMS

ALBERTO ZELMAN, SENIOR AND JUNIOR (shareable link to this entry)

ZELMAN, Alberto (Alberto ZELMAN)

Pianist, organist, teacher, conductor, composer

Born Trieste, Italy, 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 August 1871 (per Rangoon, from Calcutta)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 December 1907 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)

ZELMAN, Alberto (Samuel Victor Albert; Albert ZELMAN junior)

Violinist, conductor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 15 November 1874
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 3 March 1927 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)



In Sydney in December 1871, bandmaster Julius Wissell already had the only recently arrived Alberto Zelman's Pipele waltzes on his band program.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Thérèse Radic, "Zelman, Alberto (1832-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Thérèse Radic, "Zelman, Samuel Victor Albert (Alberto) (1874-1927)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Musical works (junior):

Soldiers of the willow (Song; words by Geo. Essex Evans [1901]; music by Alberto Zelman [? jnr.]) ([Melbourne]: For the author by Allan & Co., [1903]) 


Tenor vocalist

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 166, 169, 171, 178, 183


Soprano vocalist

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 161-71 passim, 180-98 passim, 202, 241, 252-53


All except George Frederick arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June) (shareable link to this entry)

ZEPLIN, George (George ZEPLIN; George ZEPLIN, senior; Mr. ZEPLIN; Mr. G. ZEPLIN)

Musician, violinist, tailor

Born Wapping, Middlesex, England, c.1812
Married Jane Margaret CHAMBERLAIN (1817-1881), Christ Church, Spitalfields, London, 15 January 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 29 September 1881, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, George Frederick (George Frederick ZEPLIN; G. F. ZEPLIN)

Musician, harp player, tailor, draper

Born London, England, 13 August 1832; baptised St. George in the East, 12 September 1832, son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 October 1852 (per Nepaul)
Married Bridget SHEA (1833-1877), VIC, 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 October 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Frederick (John Frederick Ferdinand ZEPLIN; Frederic ZEPLIN)

Musician, violinist, orchestral leader

Born London, England, c. 1834; son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married (1) Rebecca Mary JONES (c.1833-1886), VIC, 24 January 1869
Married (2) Julia Ada MARSHALL (1866-1897), 16 March 1889
Died Melbourne, 24 September 1906, "in his 73rd year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Rebecca (Rebecca Mary JONES; Mrs. Frederick ZEPLIN)


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1848
Married Frederick ZEPLIN, VIC, 24 January 1869
Died Belfast (Port Fairy), VIC, 16 January 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Musician, violinist, orchestral leader, pianist, organist

Born Stepney, England, 1840 (4th quarter); son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married Louisa WILSON (1845-1917), VIC, 1868; children: Arthur John (1872-1940), George (1871-1908), Thomas (1870-1897)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1913, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Violinist, orchestral leader

Born Stepney, England, 1843 (3rd quarter); son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married Ada WHITE (d. 1897), VIC, September 1889
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 May 1899, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Thomas G. (Thomas ZEPLIN junior)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 1869; son of Thomas ZEPLIN and Louisa WILSON
Died Chicago, USA, 5 April 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, George Henry (2)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 1871; son of Thomas ZEPLIN and Louisa WILSON
Died VIC 1908

ZEPLIN, Henry George (George Henry)


Born Carlton, VIC, 1879, son of Frederick ZEPLIN and Rebecca Mary JONES
Married Maud HUMFRESS, VIC, 1903


In the Melbourne Argus on 10 September 1859, the Zeplin Family (G. Zeplin and Sons) advertised that they had just arrived from London per ship Black Swan, and elsewhere on the same page it was already announced that Zeplin's Celebrated Quadrille Band was engaged for a Plain and Fancy Dress Ball at Trade's Hall, and that at Edward Wivell's Assembly Rooms:

the celebrated English instrumentalists, the Zeplin Family, will perform the newest dance music, selections from the new opera Satanella [Balfe], Jullien's latest composition, the Fern Leaves Waltz, &c..

As "Zeplin and Sons' Quadrille Band", they also advertised "Violin, harp, flageolet, Pianoforte taught".

In October 1861, the "Band of the Messrs. Zeplin" appeared with the visiting artists Poussard and Douay at an afternoon promenade concert at the Victorian Exhibition. Thereafter, "Zeplin's Band" played regularly at prominent Melbourne events, like the Governor's Ball in June 1864. In August 1864 it was announced that "Mr. F. Coppin and M. Zeplin" would be first violins in Frank Howson's orchestra at the New Haymarket Theatre. Two son were billed at the Theatre Comique in June 1867:

Musical Director, Mr. F. Zeplin . . . Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Tom Zeplin.

Probably one or other of them directed the orchestra at the Governor's Ball again in November 1867, when it was reported:

The music was provided by Mr. Zeplin, whoso admirable band comprised 30 performers, and the programme included the Duke of Edinburgh Galop, a spirited and effective composition by Mr. Zeplin himself.

Having been lessees of the Varieties Theatre, George senior and Frederick were before the Insolvency Court in June 1876. That year Thomas Zeplin released, through W. H. Glen and Co., his first published compositions, The lily waltz in July, and Autumn leaves: suite de valses in November.

Zeplin also composed music for several stage productions, a published offshoot of one of which was Round the world in 80 days: potpourri ("arranged by Fred. Lyster & Tho's. Zeplin ; on airs wirtten for this . . . drama by Giorza, Zeplin, Fred. Lyster, Mrs. W. S. Lyster, etc.").

Note: My thanks to an old friend, Phillip (Alban) Nunn, for kindly sharing his findings on the Zeplin family, part of his researches into the emigrants on the ship Nepal in 1852, assisted under Caroline Chisholm's emigration scheme. Phillip's great-great-great uncle was a fellow passenger of George Frederick Zelpin on the Nepal, Thomas Winnett (1827-1853). Winnett's shipboard diary, which Phillip is editing along with material from other diarists on the same voyage, describes musical instruments (some damaged during a storm) and music-making on board. The Nepal was typical of the Chisholm ships which were models of social engineering, the emigrants a combination of professionals, artisans, artists, clergy, and labourers.


[Banns of marriage, Christ Church, Spitalfields in ] the year 1832; register, 1805-33, page 502; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 16,012 / Banns of Marriage between George Zeplin, bachelor, and Jane Chamberlain, spinster, both of this parish, were published on . . . 1st / 8th / 15th January . . .

Marriages solemnized in the Parish of Christ Church, Spitalfields . . . in the year 1832; register, 1828-43, page 244; London Metropolitan Archives 

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. George [in the East] . . . in the year 1832; register, 1826-35, page 182; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 1449 1832 Sept'r 12 / George Frederick Son of / George & Jane / Zeplin / Chapel Street / Tailor / [born] 13 Aug't 1832

1851, 30 March, English census, Stepney, Mile End Old Town; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1552 

11 [Bedford St.] / George Zeplin / Head / 38 / Musician / [Born] Mid'x St. George's
Jane [Zeplin] / Wife / 38 / Wife / [Mid'x] Shadwell
George [Zeplin] / Son / 18 / Musician / [Mid'x] St. Luke's
Frederick [Zeplin] / Son / 17 / Musician / [Mid'x] Shadwell
Ann [Zeplin] / Son / 12 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Shadwell
Thomas [Zeplin] / Son / 10 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Stepney
Henry [Zeplin] / Son / 7 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Stepney
Jane [Zeplin] / Dau. / 3 / At home / [Mid'x] Stepney
Matilda [Zeplin] / Dau. / 1 / At home / Surrey Bramley . . .

[Advertisement], The era [London] (2 September 1855), 1

ROYAL PAVILION GARDENS, NORTH WOOLWICH. Mr. H. FRANCIS'S (Manager) BENEFIT on THURSDAY NEXT, SEPTEMBER 6TH . . . Dancing to Hayward's celebrated Band. The Colossal Ball-room will also be open for Dancing to Zeplin's Band . . .

[Advertisement], The era [London] (11 January 1857), 1

EASTERN CANTERBURY HALL. KING'S ARMS, MILE-END-ROAD. - Licensed by Act of Parliament. - Proprietor, Mr. H. LEVY. - Open every Evening for Singing and Dancing . . . Mr. George Chapman will preside at the Grand Pianoforte. Zeplin's celebrated Quadrille Band. All the new and popular Dances of the day. Solos, Duetts, Glees, Madrigals, &c. Doors open at Seven, commence at Half-past Seven. Ball at Ten, conclude at Twelve.

[Advertisement], The era [London] (21 June 1857), 1

TO PRIOPRIETORS OF PUBLIC PLACES OF AMUSEMENTS. - G. ZEPLIN AND SON'S Celebrated Quadrille Band having completed a successful engagement in London, are open to enter into an engagement with the proprietor of one of the above places of amusements for the Summer season. Country preferred. Address, G. ZEPLIN AND SON, Quadrille Office, 24, Mile End-road.

[Advertisement], The era [London] (24 April 1859), 1

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS. - ZEPLIN and SONS beg to state that their celebrated Band is open to engagements during the Summer Season, for Promenade Concerts, Gardens, &c., in or out of London. Apply, by letter, to G. ZEPLIN'S office, 29, Argyle-road, Globe-fields, Mile-end.

Australia (from 1852; and 1859):

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (21 April 1855), 5 

Immense Attraction.
SALLE DE VALENTINO, Beechworth Hotel.
MESSRS. LANGFORD & ATKINSON beg to acquaint the Public of Beechworth and the vicinity that a
FREE AND EASY will be held in the above place of amusement
This Evening, and continued every Saturday Evening.
The Talented Instrumentalists, Messrs. Griffith and Zeplin, will perform on the Violin and Harp.
The Chair to be taken at eight, by Mr. Small.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1857), 3

IN aid of the Funds for Building a Presbytery and Catholic Church in Beechworth . . .
Conductor - Mr. Hurley; Leader - Mr. Osborne
Violin Primo - Mr. Osborne
Violin Secundo - Herr Weichmann
Violin Secundo - Herr Carll
Harp - M. Zeplin
Pianoforte - M. Carne
Contra Basso - Herr Esther
Picolo Solo - Herr Esther
Clarionet - Mr. Hurley
Cornet a Piston - Mr. Barlow
Trombone - Sig. Rangoni . . .

"POLICE COURT . . . WAGES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (28 March 1857), 2 

George Zeplin v John Johnson.
A claim for £5 6s 8d, balance of wages, for playing a harp at defendant's house for two weeks and two days at £5 per week. Plaintiff had received £5, and now sued for the balance. Mrs. Griffith was sworn, and stated that she was present when Zeplin agreed with Johnson to play for him at £5 per week each. Would swear positively that the word "each" was mentioned.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 April 1857), 3 

. . . STAR THEATRE . . .
MR PENDLETON begs to acquaint the inhabitants of Beechworth that he intends opening the above room every night for Concerts, where the Public may pass a
Supported by Mrs. Pendleton, who will appent with him ia all their humorous comic duets.
MR. F. PERCEY, the favorite Baritone.
MR. G. GUPPS, the admired Violin Player.
MR. PENDLETON will sing many of the most Popular Comic Songs of the day . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 May 1855), 1 

Salle de Valentino, Beechworth Hotel.
BARLOW'S BENEFIT On Saturday Next, May 12,
on which occasion a host of talent will appear, comprising the following gentlemen,
being their first appearance together as
The American Minstrels,
introducing a variety of Songs, Glees, Chorusses, Catches, &c. . . .
Mr. ELLAR will sing several well-known Ballads . . .

"THE TYROLESE MINSTRELS", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 June 1857), 2 

. . . Mademoiselle Kramer sang several Scotch and Irish ballads during the evening with great sweetness and expression, but we own a decided preference for her native songs. Mr. Haimherger is an accomplished violinist, eliciting frequent and loud applause by his solos on that instrument. The entertainment was varied by performances on the harp and violin by Messrs. Zeplin and Griffith.

"POLICE COURT . . . WAGES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 January 1858), 3 

John Barlow claimed £4 for services as a musician from John Brock, landlord of the Hibernian hotel. The agreement was that complainant might absent himself on any night except Saturday or Monday, on condition that he found a substitute; he had absented himself one night without complying with the term of the agreement, defendant therefore refused to pay him.
Zeplin v Brock.
Griffith v Brock.
These two cases were exactly similar to the above, and were all dismissed.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (6 April 1858), 3 

Mr. Zeplin Will play a Solo on the Harp, To-Night, at Ashton's Circus. - TROY KNIGHT'S Benefit.

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 September 1859), 8

THE ZEPLIN FAMILY having just arrived from London per ship Black Swan, beg to inform the gentry that their celebrated QUADRILLE BAND may be engaged in large or small numbers, by applying to G. Zeplin and Sons, 31 Queensberry-street, North Melbourne.

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1861), 8

"THE GOVEROR'S BALL", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 June 1864), 13

"THE NEW HAYMARKET THEATRE", The Argus (5 August 1864), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 June 1867), 8

"THE GOVERNOR'S BALL", The Argus (26 November 1867), 5

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (28 January 1869), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT. SPECIAL EXAMINATION", The Argus (17 November 1876), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1876), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1876), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 March 1877), 8

"ROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS", The Argus (29 March 1877), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (23 June 1877), 12

Deaths", The Argus (30 September 1881), 1

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (23 October 1884), 1

 "DEATHS", The Argus (22 May 1899), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 September 1906), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 August 1913), 1

ZERBINI, John Baptist (John Baptist ZERBINI; J. B. ZERBINI)

Viola player, quartet founder, pianist, organist, accompanist

Born St. Pancras, London, 1839
Arrived Adelaide, 1 May 1885 (per R.M.S. John Elder, from London)
Died North Carlton, VIC, 28 November 1891, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (26 September 1876), 5

"PASSENGERS FROM EUROPE", Australian Town and Country Journal (9 May 1885), 14

[News], The Argus (30 July 1885), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1885), 16

[first advertisement for Zerbini Quartet]

"THE ZERBINI QUARTET PARTY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1886), 8

"Our Melbourne Letter", Morwell Advertiser (10 February 1890), 3

On an incorrect cable report that Zerbini had suicided in London; it was, rather, his father, John Baptist Zerbini (b. 1818; d. December 1889)

"DEATH OF MR. J. B. ZERBINI", The Argus (30 November 1891), 6

Mr. Zerbini, who was born in 1839, was for many years closely associated with the London Monday Popular Concerts in St. James's Hall, both as viola player in the string quartets and as pianoforte accompanist. To show the position that he held it is sufficient to mention a few of the names of his confreres such as Herr Joachim, Lady Halle, Mr. L. Ries and Signor Piatti. His residence in Melbourne gave an impetus to quartet playing, the value of which cannot well be over estimated, and had a great deal to do with raising the general musical taste of the community; his long experience in the old country and consequent knowledge of the correct tempi, &c., rendered him invaluable, and his death causes a heavy loss. Mr. Zerbini's accomplishments were varied. He was a good pianist and shone as an accompanist; he was also a capable organist, but as a viola player he was exceptionally gifted. He came to Melbourne six years ago, and has since exerted a potent influence in creating a taste for clumber music. He founded the Zerbini Quartet, which formed the great attraction of the Melbourne Popular Concerts promoted by Mr. T. H. Guenett, and he was conductor of the party appearing at the series of entertainments now being carried on by Mr. Max Klein. He was a most valued member of the Victorian Orchestra as it was originally constituted, and he had been a prominent figure at nearly every concert which has been given in Melbourne for years past. Among the positions which he filled at the time of his death was that of organist of St. Francis Roman Catholic Church. Formerly he was organist of St. George's Church, Carlton. He was 52 years of age.

"Deaths", The Argus (30 November 1891), 1

Bibliography and resources:

James D. Brown and Stephen S. Stratton, British musical biography: a dictionary of musical artists, authors, and composers born in Britain and its colonies (Birmingham: S. S. Stratton, 1897), 462 

Zerbini, John Baptist, violinist and pianist, son of an Italian musician (J. B. Zerbini, member of the London Philharmonic orchestra, died December 27, 1889), was born in London in 1839. He began his career in the band at Drury Lane when he was seventeen, and in 1867 joined Mr. Chappell's string quartet at the Popular Concerts as viola player, and also as pianoforte accompanist. He married Anna Patey, who was for a long time amanuensis and secretary to the eminent geologist, Sir Charles Lyell. His wife died in June, 1884, and Zerbini, in failing health, went to Australia. He soon established himself as a teacher of repute; directed Chamber concerts at Victoria, in 1887; and died at Melbourne, November, 1891. He was a man of quiet, unassuming manners, an excellent accompanist, and a good all-round musician. His brother, Leander, a native of London, was a vocalist and composer.

ZIEMS, Herr (ZEIM, ZIEM, ? perhaps the Fritz below)

Bandmaster ("Herr Ziem's band" [sic])

Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-1862's+band (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ZIEMS, Fritz (Frederick "Fritz" ZIEMS, "Fred ZIEMS", ZEIM)

Musician, bandsman, bandmaster

Born Hannover, Germany, 21 June 1838
Arrived Australia, c.1852 ("age 13")
Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-1862
Married Johanne CASSEL, NSW, 1863
Active Corrimal (Towrodgi), NSW, by 1863/64
Died Woolongong, NSW, 11 December 1932 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZIEM, William (Wilhelm ZIEM)

Bandsman (Concordia Band)

Born c. 1837/38 (not necessarily related to the above)
Died Strathalbyn, SA, October 1874, aged "36 or 37 years"


A family of emigrants from Hannover, Henry (b. c.1822, d. NSW, 1897), Charles (b. 1831, d. NSW, 1881), Fred, and Julius (1841, d. NSW 1897) Ziems were sons of Christopher Ziems (died NSW, 1864).


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1857), 1

"WOLLONGONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1859), 1 

BOTANICAL GARDENS. - THIS DAY, Friday, May 13th. - The GERMAN BAND will perform the following programme, commencing at half-past 3 p.m. (weather permitting):
Overture - Zampa . . . Herold Cavatina, from Norma . . . Bellini
Waltz-Saravenen . . . Labitzky
Cavatina, from Attila. . . Verdi
Quadrille-Ireland . . . D'Albert
Selections, from Freyschutz . . . Weber
Cavatina, from Gabriel . . . Verdi
Waltz - Taglionen . . . Strauss
Duett, from Elisire d'Amore . . . Donizetti
Polka - Echo . . . Jullien
Gallop - Cavalri . . . Sax
God Save the Queen!

"NEWTOWN", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 May 1860), 4-5

"CONCERT AT THE MASONIC HALL", Empire (31 December 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1863), 1 

MANLY BEACH. - New Year's Day - Herr Zeim's Band of 12 performers, is engaged. R. CHALK.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1863), 12

"DEATH FROM APOPLEXY", South Australian Register (8 October 1874), 5

"MR. FRED ZIEMS. OF TOWRODGI", South Coast Times and Wollongong Argus (6 July 1928), 12 

"BANDMASTER'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1932), 10 

WOLLONGONG, Monday. The death took place yesterday of Mr. Fritz Ziems, at the age of 93 years. He was one of the oldest residents of the district. He came to Australia with the first German band. He was bandmaster of one of the first established in the district.

"OBITUARY", Illawarra Mercury (16 December 1932), 3 

One of the grand old men of the district, Mr. Fritz Ziems, passed away on Tuesday at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Street, and thus the earthly career of a man rich in musical attainment, and in kindly gentlemanly characteristics was brought to a close. For 95 years he had led an exemplary life, respected and admired by his friends and acquaintances, and loved by the members of his family and relatives.

The late Mr. Ziems was born in Hanover at the time when it was a British possession and when a youth he came to New South Wales with his parents. Soon after his arrival he became a member of a musical combination which toured the whole of Australia. Eventually he took up land in Illawarra district and engaged in farming. His musical abilities were soon recognised, and he became the bandmaster of the first bands at Wollongong and Bulli. He could practically play any instrument, and some of the old time musicians state that it was a delight to hear him play the piccalo [sic, piccolo]. He was married in Sydney in 1863 to Miss Johanna Cassel, of Sydney. He lived in the district for 69 years and was looked upon as a good neighbour and friend. He served one term as alderman of the North Illawarra Council. Many years ago he was bandmaster of the Volunteer Infantry Band, which was subsequently merged into the Wollongong Artillery Band . . .

ZOUCH, Marcia Charlotte (Marcia Charlotte ZOUCH; Mrs. Nicholas Herbert THROSBY)

Amateur vocalist, pianist

Born c. 1846
Married Nicholas Herbert THROSBY, St. Saviour's, Goulburn, NSW, 14 June 1870
Died Moss Vale, NSW, 22 June 1900, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ZOUCH, Christiana Jane (Christiana Jane ZOUCH; Mrs. Hugh ROSS)

Amateur vocalist

Active Gouldburn, 1870s
Married Hugh ROSS, St. Saviour's, Goulburn, 30 August 1881
Died East St. Kilda, VIC, 17 April 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MARRIAGES", Sydney Mail (2 July 1870), 14 

"ST. SAVIOUR'S SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEA-MEETING AND SOIREE", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (28 February 1874), 4 

. . . Miss Zouch then sang with great taste and feeling a sacred song - Geistliches Lied - the words of the the twenty-second verse of the seventy first Psalm . . . Miss Martyr played very pleasingly La Pluie de Perles, by Osborne; and then Miss Zouch was loudly applauded in the charming song, the Wanderer . . .

"GOULBURN. MR. E. S. DEANE'S CONCERT", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 July 1878), 39 

Musical sources:

Owner bound album of songs and music, belonging to Miss Marcia Charlotte Zouch, c.1830-60; Stewart Symonds sheet music collection; Sydney Living Museums/HHT 

Marcia Charlotte Zouch was married to Nicholas Herbert Throsby in Goulburn. One of the scores is inscribed 'Miss Zouch Goulburn'. Miss Zouch's signature or name appears on a number of the scores.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020