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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Wi-Wy)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W (Wi-Wy)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 1 June 2020

- W - (Wi-Wy)


Amateur vocalist, stock agent, amateur jockey, author

Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 4 May 1826 (per Albion, from Falmouth, 8 December 1825)
Departed Hobart, VDL (TAS), September 1827 (per Admiral Cockburn, for England) (NLA persistent identifier)


Henry Widdowson, journal kept on voyage on the Albion, from England to Van Diemens Land, November 1825 to May May; State Library of New South Wales, M 2116 

"TASMANIA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1826), 2

"MELANCHOLY AND DISASTROUS SHIPWRECK", Hobart Town Gazette (22 July 1826), 2

"Hobart Town Concert", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (29 September 1826), 3

The Songs, "Death of Nelson" [Braham] and "In this Cottage," [Braham] were sung by Mr. Widowson.

"HOBART TOWN CONCERTS", Hobart Town Gazette (7 October 1826), 4

"Tasmanian Turf Meeting", Colonial Times (13 April 1827), 4

"The Natives", Colonial Times (6 July 1827), 4

"Dinner to Captain Cooling", Colonial Times (17 August 1827), 3

The evening was spent with the greatest harmony and conviviality; and the party were delighted with some very excellent songs given by Messrs. Widowson and Cathcart.

[News], Colonial Times (14 September 1827), 2

In addition to the persons we last week noticed as going home by the Admiral Cockburn, we have to mention . . .Mr. Widowson, late one of the agents of the Horse Breeding Company, also goes home by the above vessel. Should Mr. W. return to the Colony, which we understand is his intention, we trust he will be more fortunate, than he has been; having during his stay among us, suffered severely by two shipwrecks, and on one occasion nearly lost his life.

"THE LAST OF MR. WIDOWSON'S BOOK", The Hobart Town Courier (25 July 1829), 4


Henry Widowson, Present state of Van Diemen's Land; comprising an account of its agricultural capabilities, with observations on the present state of farming, &c. &c. pursued in that colony: and other important matters connected with emigration (London: S. Robinson, 1829) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

WIEGAND, Auguste

Organist, composer

Born Liege, 16 October 1849
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1891 (per Orizaba)
Departed Adelaide, SA, July 1900 (per Armand Behic)
Died Oswego, NY, USA, May 1904 (NLA persistent identifier)


"MR. AUGUSTE WIEGAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1891), 4


 "CHEVALIER WEIGAND'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1900), 3

"M. WIEGAND'S DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1900), 3

"CHEVALIER WIEGAND", Evening News (17 October 1900), 7

"DEATH OF M. WIEGAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1904), 5

"Le Matin," Anvers, of May 31, records the death of Auguste Wiegand, an event stated as having Just taken place at Oswego, U.S.A. The Antwerp daily gives a sketch of the distinguished organist's career, and mentions amongst other things that he was elected to play at the opening of "our universal exhibition" of 1887. The news of M. Wiegand's decease will be received with especial regret in Sydney, where the talented player will long be remembered as the first city organist, a post he filled from 1891 to 1900. Chevalier Wiegand, who was one of the most brilliant exponents of the French school of organ playing of the present generation, gave four farewell recitals to densely crowded audiences at the end of his long term of office, making his final appearance at the Town Hall on July 7, 1900. His afternoon recitals were largely classic, almost always including a Mendelssohn sonata and a Bach fugue in each programme, but the real trend of his genius was towards pieces of the romantic and popular style. In his special department there can be no doubt that he had acquired a star position in the organ world of Europe, and that his fame was justly founded on his colossal executive power and in his feeling for tender colouring in his tone-combinations.

Auguste Wiegand was born at Liege, Belgium, on October 16, 1849, and at the age of seven years was organist of St. Giles' Church in that city. He entered the Royal Conservatorium, Liege, at the age of 10 years, and a long list of student distinctions was crowned by the gold medal for piano and the gold medal for organ in 1869. For six years he was a professor at the Liege Conservatorium, after which a special Government bursary enabled him to study at Brussels under Alphonse Mailly, organist to the King of the Belgians. The Belgian Government then bestowed on him the coveted appointment of Member of the Jury of the organ competitions. From that time M. Wiegand became noted throughout France and England as a concert organist, playing at the Paris, Antwerp, and other exhibitions, and at all the principal churches and public halls of the United Kingdom. During his residence in Sydney M. Wiegand was made an officier de l'Academie des Beaux Arts by the French Republic (1898), and in 1900 a Chevalier de l'Ordre Royal de Mérite de Leopold (Belgium). At the time of his death M. Wiegand was attached to the Church of St. Paul, Oswego (N.Y.), at a salary of £600 a year. He was to have played the gigantic new organ at the St. Louis Exhibition, and the French paper, referring to this, suggests that he died before his appearance there. He leaves a widow and several children.

Bibliography and resources:

The Australian musical album 1894, No. 1

Rushworth 1988, 391-94

Robert Ampt, "The City of Sydney organists", OHTA journal (October 1997), 19-23, and (January 1998), 26-32


Violinist ("The Australian Paganini")

Born Fitzroy, VIC, 22 December 1865
Died Adelaide, SA, 10 September 1885, aged 19 (son of Tom Weiland, clown)


"BIRTHS", The Argus (6 January 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1877), 8

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (17 September 1885), 4

[News], South Australian Register (21 September 1885), 1s

WIENER, Robert (Robert WIENER; WEINER [sic])

Amateur vocalist, publican (business partner of George Fischer), merchant

Born c. 1817
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 January 1849 (per Steinwaerder [Steinwarder] from Hamburg)
Active Tanunda, SA, c. 1860
Died Melbourne, VIC, 3 July 1878, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"TANUNDA [From a Correspondent]", The South Australian Advertiser (30 August 1859), 2

A dinner was given on Thursday evening, in the Tanunda Hotel, to celebrate the birthday of Mr. Rudolf Reimer, the Editor of the Sud Australische Zeitung . . . After several songs by Mr. Weiner and Mr. Fischer, many pieces played by the band, and several speeches delivered, the company separated about 2 o'clock in the morning. We have to say that this was the greatest dinner which has been given at Tanunda.

Bibliography and resources:

"Adelaider Liedertafel 1858 . . .", Adelaide A-Z 

. . . An Adelaider Liedertafel formed in 1850-51 under the conductor Carl Linger, composer of "Song of Australia", rehearsed in Wiener-Fischer's cafe in Rundle Street, Adelaide, until disbanded 1855 when Robert Wiener and George Fischer left to operate Tanunda Hotel . . .


Sergeant-bandmaster (Band of the 73rd Regiment)

Born Bridport, Dorset, England, 1779
Arrived Australia, 1803
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), before 17 July 1811

WIGGINS, Thomas (senior)

Violin maker

Born at sea (per Calcutta, en route for VDL), 11 June 1803

Died Sorrell, TAS, 27 September 1884, aged 81

WIGGINS, Thomas (junior)

Violin maker

Born Sorrell, TAS, 13 October 1842
Died 1914


"LIST OF UNCLAIMED LETTERS", Launceston Examiner (3 May 1830), 1

"FROM THE HOBART TOWN GAZETTE", Launceston Advertiser (30 June 1836), 4

"Deaths", The Mercury (29 September 1884), 1

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (12 October 1899), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

Kath Lonergan, The Wiggins of Wiggins Town, Van Diemen's Land : the family of Colonial Marine Samuel Wiggins, circa 1750 to 2003; Pennington family history; the violin makers; Wiggins family stories; more Wiggins but not ours (New Town: K. Lonergan, 2003)

Allan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia

WILDNER, Alois F. (Baron, Captain)

Bandmaster, conductor, violinist, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1880 (with Austrian Strauss Band)
Departed early 1881


"THE AUSTRIAN BAND", South Australian Register (5 October 1880), 6

[News], The Argus (7 October 1880), 5

[News], The Argus (8 October 1880), 5

The leader, Baron Alvis F. Wildner, has been senior professor at the Leipzic Conservatory of Music for the last 15 years. He commenced his musical studies under Professor Lenhardt, of the Royal Conservatory at Prague, and afterwards studied in all the principal musical institutions of Europe. At the present time he enjoys the distinction of being Court director to the Emperor of Russia, and also to Prince Charles of Roumania. His decorations and diplomas include several military orders, and the membership of the Paris, Berlin, Prague, Tassy, and other conservatories of music, and he also holds the rank of a captain in the Austrian army - his regiment being the 23rd of the line.

"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (11 October 1880), 6

11. "The Flemington March", composed by Herr F. A. Wildner, the conductor of the band, and encored with great emphasis . . . The conductor, Herr Wildner, is a master of his work. His style is very easy and undemonstrative, but so earnest that his meaning is felt by his men in the slightest glance of his eye and turn of his hand.

"HENRY KETTEN AND THE AUSTRIAN BAND", The Australasian (6 November 1880), 19

Bibliography and resources:


The Austrian Strauss Band, master (1880-81)



Born Usingen, Germany, 21 September 1845
Toured Australia, June 1881- Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1882 (per Orient, for London)
Via Adelaide, SA (where he gave a last concert), 1 June 1882
Died London, 22 January 1908 (TROVE public tag)



"THE CALIFORNIAN MAIL. AUCKLAND", The Argus (27 June 1881), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1881), 2

"THE WILHEMMJ CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1881), 5

"HERR WILHELMJ'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Express and Telegraph (2 June 1882), 3 

Herr Wilhelmj, who made his farewell appearance at the Town Hall on Thursday night, appeared before a large and appreciative auditory, considering the very brief notice that was given of his intention to perform again in Adelaide. To many persons the reappearance of Wilhelmj was an unexpected pleasure of which they gladly availed themselves by affording their patronage and presence, and to many others the announcement was one of which they could not take advantage. There was, however, a sufficiently large and appreciative audience to make the farewell demonstration a satisfactory one to the great musician, upwards of 700 or 800 persons being present. There was one imperative circumstance that made the programme unusually brief, and that was the fact that the Orient steamer, by which Herr Wilhelmj was a passenger to Europe, was announced to sail at 10 o'clock. If he did not risk losing his passage home, the great violinist must necessarily bring his concert to an early close, and this was done at half-past 9 . . .

[News], South Australian Register (7 June 1882), 7

"WHAT'S IN A NAME", The Mercury (17 July 1884), 2s

"AUGUSTE WILHELMJ. GREAT VIOLINIST DEAD", The Argus (27 January 1908), 5

WILKES, William Charles

Journalist, newspaper editor, convict, songwriter

Born Surrey, England, c.1816
Arrived NSW, 21 November 1833 (convict per Neva)
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1873 (NLA persistent identifier)


At the opening on 6 December 1847 of the Loyal Brisbane Lodge of the Australian Supreme Grand Lodge of The Independent Order of the Odd Fellows, Thomas Dowse first sang the song The merry boys of Brisbane, written for the occasion by William Wilkes.


"MORETON BAY. ODD FELLOWSHIP", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1848), 3

"OLD TIMES. THE SETTLEMENT", The Queenslander (21 August 1869), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Nehemiah Bartley, Opals and agates; or, Scenes under the Southern Cross and the Magelhans: being memories of fifty years of Australia and Polynesia (Brisbane: Gordon and Gotch, 1892), 158-59

Wm. Wilkes edited the "Courier" newspaper, in Brisbane, before and after the Crimean war. He was a racy humorist, and a bit of a democrat as well. The following song, called "The Merry Boys of Brisbane," to the fine old "romping" air of "Loudon's Bonny Woods and Braes," was often sung by him on festive occasions, and, it is needless to state, that he was, also, the writer of it: - "Cares we have, many / But we care not for any / While our pockets bear a penny, / We're the merry boys of Brisbane . . ."

Rosilyn Baxter, "Wilkes, William Charles (1816-1873)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

WILKIE, Charles

Concertina player, music retailer

Born c. 1831/32
Active Melbourne, VIC, from October 1852
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 December 1858, aged 27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Brother of Joseph Wilkie, Charles made his local debut in October 1852. By early 1853 he was advertising concerts in "Charles Wilkies' Cider Cellars" at the Royal Hotel, with co-artists including John Gregg, Edward Salaman, and Andrew Moore. But in May 1853 he announced suddenly that he was "retiring from Professional Life, and is not connected with any concerts". In mid-1856, Wilkie had taken over William Clarke's Music Warehouse at 67 Collins-street, but this venture seems to have lasted only a few months. His death in December 1858 reportedly followed on a long and severe illness.


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 May 1853), 11

 [Advertisement], The Argus (18 June 1856), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 December 1858), 4

WILKIE, Joseph

Musicseller, music publisher, composer, piano tuner, member of parliament

Born England, c. 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 16 January 1850 (per Minerva, via Adelaide, December 1849)
Departed Melbourne, 1871
Died Chelsea, London, England, 10 December 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Recently arrived in Melbourne, Joseph Wilkie, "late of Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, piano manufacturers", London, began advertising as a piano tuner and regulator in February 1850. A reference from Broadwood attested that Wilkie, "who was brought up in our Establishment, is an excellent Tuner, and thoroughly acquainted with the mechanism of pianofortes."

By May he had opened his own "Music and Pianoforte Saloon, Collins-street", offering:

the inhabitants of Port Phillip . . .his immense and well-selected STOCK OF MUSIC, including all the most popular and fashionable Polkas, quadrilles, waltzes, mazurkas, galops, Duetts, Italian, German, French, English, and Scotch songs, Fantasias and overtures for the pianoforte, Negro melodies, instruction books, musical dictionaries, &c. Several brilliant toned new Pianofortes, by Broadwood and Sons, and others. Fine old Italian violins, flageolets, fifes, and flutes of all descriptions, cornopeans, accordions, and everything connected with the Music Trade.

During the Victorian Separation celebrations, in November 1850, the Argus recorded Wilkie's contribution to the festivities:

J. Wilkie, music warehouse. - A transparency representing a lyre, and the words "Rejoice with music for Separation". A band played during the evening, and a large crowd collected in front of the shop.

First performed at the Separation Ball, Melbourne, November 1850, Joseph Wilkie's The Separation polka was published, by himself, in December. In December, too, Wilkie also gave a concert, featuring "two celebrated Lady Vocalists (who have just arrived from London)", Mrs. Testar and Mrs Rivers, at which his polka was again played.

Other examples of his publishing output are listed below. Wilkie formed a loose publishing partnership with Stephen Marsh in 1859, issuing several prints with Henry Marsh in Sydney, and later with Elvy in Sydney only as "Wilkie, Elvy and Co" (1863-65).

In August 1862 Wilkie admitted J. C. Webster as managing partner, trading as "Wilkie, Webster and Co.", and in 1869 George Allan became a third partner.

Wilkie served for many years as an elected member of the Victorian legislature. After failing at his last election attempt, in March 1871 reports revealed that Wilkie had "become insane, requiring to be confined to an asylum". His wife took him to England for care. He was wrongly reported dead in 1872, but died insane in London in December 1875, predeceased by his partner Webster.


"Shipping Intelligence", The Argus (17 January 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 May 1850), 1

"SEPARATION REJOICINGS", The Argus (19 November 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1850), 2

"CONCERT", The Argus (18 December 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 December 1850), 1

"To the Editor . . .THE CONCERT AND THE CRITICS", The Argus (24 December 1850), 4

"PORT PHILLIP", Colonial Times (24 December 1850), 3

"HAM'S ILLUSTRATED AUSTRALIAN MAGAZINE", The Courier (11 February 1851), 3

See also Godfrey Charles Mundy, Our antipodes, or, Residence and rambles in the Australasian colonies, with a glimpse of the goldfields, volume 3 (2nd edn; London: Richard Bentley, 1852), 283

"CONCERT", The Argus (27 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 March 1851), 3

"THE GALLERIES", The Argus (18 October 1854), 5

"THE SCHOMBERG. To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 August 1862), 8

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (4 March 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (20 March 1871), 4

[News], The Argus (9 June 1871), 4

[News], The Argus (23 November 1872), 5

"DEATHS" The Argus (16 December 1875), 1

[News], The Argus (16 December 1875), 5 

Intelligence was yesterday received by telegram of the death of Mr. Joseph Wilkie (of the firm of Wilkie, Webster, and Allan) in London, on December 10. Mr. Wilkie, who was previously a tuner, established a musical business, we believe the first in the colony, in Collins-street, on its present site, in 1850, being joined in 1862 and 1863 by the other members of the firm. Mr. Wilkie took great interest in the Volunteer force, and was at one time captain of the Volunteer Light Horse. He was elected in August, 1857, as member of the Legislative Assembly in the first Parliament, representing West Bourke, for which constituency he also sat in the second Parliament, 1859 to 1861, in the Legislative Assembly for a short period. He was always of an eccentric disposition, and in 1871 showed signs of insanity, inherited from his father, which increased to such a degree that in June he was sent home under medical care, in the hope that his intellect might be restored, but unfortunately this was not the case. Mr. Wilkie leaves a wife and two children, who are resident in England. It was somewhat singular that arrangements for the transfer of the business have only just been completed. Mr. Webster died last January, and after his death a dispute as to matters of accounts took place between his representatives, Mr. Gregory (Mr. Wilkie's committee in lunacy) and Mr. Allan, which resulted in an equity suit. This was settled a few weeks ago by a compromise, and a contract signed, by which the whole interest of the other two partners was sold to Mr. Allan, and the arrangement was only approved on December 9.

Publications: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Victoria polka (by H. St. Mordel Williams) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1854]) 

The Morning Light polka ("composed on the voyage to Melbourne"; by W. B. Wray) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1857]) 

Il balen; or, The tempest of the heart (from the opera of Il Trovatore, with English words, composed by Signor Verdi (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1859) 

The captive's child (ballad by Charles S. Packer) (Sydney: H. Marsh; Melbourne: S. H. Marsh & Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) 

The life of Handel: a sketch (compiled by Charles Elsasser) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) 

Beauty, sweet beauty bright (words; C. E. Gibbs; composed by G. O. Rutter) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [18??]) 

The musical gem . . . volume V [5] ("containing the choicest and most appropriate airs, easily and carefully arranged, for the violin, flute, sax horn . . . etc., etc. . . .) (Melbourne: J. Wilkie, [186-]; from The musical bouquet, London) 

The song of freedom (a national song! by I. Nathan; "Composed and, with every sense of loyalty, respectfully dedicated to Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, Lieutenant in the British Navy") (Sydney: Wilkie, Elvy and Co.; Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster & Co., [1862]) 

O paradise (Hymn, arranged and partly composed by George B. Allen) (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan., [1871]) 

WILKINS, William

Cryer (Criminal Court)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1820


"GOVERNMENT GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1821), 1s

Mr. William Wilkins, Cryer Criminal Court, Salary from 6th September to 31st December [1820] - 8/6/8.

WILKINS, William

Choirmaster, amateur vocalist, school teacher (master of the Model School), music educator

Born London, England, 16 January 1827
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1851
Died Guildford, NSW, 7 (?10) November 1892 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Wilkins took over the elementary class of the new St. Mary's Choral Society in September 1851, while Isaac Nathan continued to direct the main choir. But by February 1852, Wilkins had taken over as conductor of the main choir, with William Sigmont as organist. He was a member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1854, and was involved in the establishment of a Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in November 1858.

Wilkins was an executive member of the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts in the 1850s, and an active member of the Wesleyan York Street chapel and its choirmaster until 1869.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1851), 1

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney (28 February 1852), 2

"MUSICAL EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIA", Empire (9 March 1852), 2

. . . Possessing then, as our growing population decidedly do, tastes and capabilities for an art so fraught with moral benefits, so directly bearing on the domestic character of a people, and where the necessary means and appliances are easily and at once available, we think the National Education authorities should as speedily as possible, in country districts at all events, add to their course a liberal system of tuition in instrumental music, as well as in a higher class of vocalisation than that which at present obtains. With the acknowledged abilities as a musician of Mr. Wilkins, the director of the Model School, we think this might be forthwith practicable. We can imagine a people of Anglo-Saxon descent, reared amid the shadows, the solitude, and the sylvan vastness of our inland territory, beneath the magnificence of southern constellations, and with a musical education, which should in time give birth to a national music of their own, characterised by the grandeur and the loneliness below, and the hopeful glory above. And this people, we can imagine, gradually and insensibly to receive from these musical tastes and acquirements of theirs, a now clement of character composed of cheerful earnestness and sturdy self-reliance.

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Empire (14 September 1852), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 September 1852), 2

"THE SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1858), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1859), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1892), 7

"DEATH OF MR. W. WILKINS", Freeman's Journal (19 November 1892), 8

Mr. William Wilkins, late Under-Secretary for Public Instruction, died on Thursday last after a long and painful illness. The deceased was born in London in 1826. He came to Australia, in 1851, when he was appointed head master of Fort-street model public school, and afterwards held the position of chief inspector and secretary of the National Board of Education. Upon the formation of the public Instruction Department he was appointed Under-Secretary, which position he continued to hold until his retirement after 32 years' Government service. When Mr. Wilkins took charge of the model school there were but two or three trained teachers in the colony, and the pay attached to the office of teacher was only £40 a year.

Bibliography and resources:

Cliff Turney, "Wilkins, William (1827-1892)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (26 August 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (28 August 1852), 2 

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (28 October 1852), 4 

Herr Mater again favors us with a capital programme, in which he allots with characteristic taste, the parts most suited to each performer . . . PART I
Overture - Massaniello - Auber
Aria - Bel raggio lusinghiero, Mrs. Testar - Rossini
Duet - Piano and Violin fantasia, from Guillaume Tell, by desire - Mr. Buddee and Herr Mater - De Beriot and Osborne
Song - The Life Boat - Mr D. V. Hamilton - Russell.
Quintetto - String Instrument - Gungl
Duet - Sir, a Secret - Messrs Lounds and Gregg
Song - The Engllshman, by desire - Mr. Wilkinson - Blockley
Duett - Dunque io son, by desire - Mrs. Testar and Mr. Gregg - Rossini
Overture - Caliph de Baghdad - Boildieu
Song - The Wolf - Mr. Lounds - Child
Trio - The Shepherd's Cot - Mrs. Testar, &c.
Polka - The Elephant, (by desire) - Jullien
Air - Then away - Mr. Gregg - Mozart
Duett - Drink to me only - Dr. Johnson
Ballad - Auld Robin Gray - Mrs. Testar.
Finale - God save the Queen.


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1858), 4 

. . . John Winterbottom, conductor
R. Vaughan, Charles Frederichs, F. S. Wilkinson, W. Dalton, S. Davis, L. Hall, W. J. S. Tranter, Charles Eigenschenk.
Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, December 9.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably, correctly, Isaac Davis and John Thompson Hall



Active Sydney, NSW, 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SCHOOL OF ARTS. SCOTCH AND IRISH BALLADS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1854), 5 

Mr. McFarlane gave a very interesting and agreeable entertainment at the School of Arts last night, in which, aided by Mrs. Shaw and Mr. Wilkinson, a number of Scotch and Irish melodies were sung to the evident delight of a numerous and respectable audience. Mrs. Shaw presided at the pianoforte . . . Wilkinson's "Widow Machree" convulsed the audience with laughter, and Mr. M'Farlane was deservedly encored for the grotesque manner in which he (dressed in Highland costume) gave "Slum McNab's opinion of the march of intellect."

WILKINSON, William Augustus

Teacher of Pianoforte, Harmonium, Organ and Singing (of the Societies' Concerts, Dublin)

Born ? Dublin, Ireland; baptised SS. Michael and John, Dublin, 1 August 1820
Married Ann BYRNE, ? Dublin, 1847
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 September 1855 (passenger per Champion of the seas, from Liverpool, 5 July)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 17 October 1864, aged 44 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WILKINSON, Ann Jane (Mrs. W. A. WILKINSON, late Miss A. J. BYRNE; ? Anne Jane; Annie Jane)

Contralto vocalist, Teacher of Italian Singing and Pianoforte (Principal Contralto to the Antient and Madrigal Societies, Dublin)

Born ? Dublin, Ireland, c.1819
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 September 1855 (passenger per Champion of the seas, from Liverpool, 5 July)
Died St. Kilda East, VIC, 2 July 1898 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WILKINSON, Mary Frances

Pianist, piano teacher, concert presenter, chamber music player

Born Dublin, Ireland, 17 May 1851
Died Windsor, VIC, 20 October 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


William Wilkinson was a son of a Dublin publican Thomas Wilkinson and his wife Francis Rawson. His brother and teaching partner of the more prominent Dublin musician James Wilkinson. The Wilkinsons sons were connected by marriage to several other musical family, including, via female relatives of their mother Frances, Joseph de la Vega, bandmaster of the 55th Regiment. Prior to William's marriage in 1847, his future wife Ann Byrne and her soprano sister had been active as "The Misses Byrne" in musical, teaching, and Catholic circles. William's elder sister and widowed mother, Frances, arrived in Melbourne with them in 1855; Frances died the following month, but his sister, Jane Wilkinson, practised in Melbourne as an artist a photographer.

It is unclear as yet what family connection there was, if any, between Ann Byrne and the earlier (c.1820s) London and Dublin popular vocalist Miss Byrne; she was the grand-daughter of the famous Edward Byrne of Dublin, who made her Drury Lane debut in 1817 (see Ferris 2005's mis-identification below, from Fenner, Opera in London . . . 1785-1830, 668).

In Melbourne, William is documented appearing in concert as a pianist accompanist, and as an organist (of St. Francis) and teacher. Ann made her first and only major public concert appearances in her countrywoman Catherine Hayes's two Melbourne farewells in 1856; thereafter she continued as a teacher of music into the 1870s. Her daughter Mary Wilkinson was to be the most important musician of the family, this entry, in respect to her busy career from the 1870s through to her death, is as yet but a stub.

Thanks to Kurt Ganzl, for kindly sharing his new research incorporated here (November 2016)


"THE MISSES BYRNES' CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (12 May 1845), 3

Although fully aware that the numerous musical frequenters of the various concerts, where the Misses Byrne have earned for themselves such charming notoriety by their elegant and scientific singing, need no prompting to induce them to repay, in some measure, for the intellectual gratification which the laborious and successful exertions of those young ladies have so frequently imparted, by attending at the concert which they give on to-morrow evening; still it would not be doing full justice to the great merits of the fair and gifted beneficiaires if notice was not taken of the great inducement held out for a full attendance by the rarity and excellence of the programme selected for the occasion.

In the combination of talent enlisted for the evening's amusement is comprised the highest order of skill and genius which Dublin affords. Together with themselves they have secured the eminent vocal services of Bishop, Signor Sapio, Geary, and McGhee; and to render complete the enjoyment of their patrons, Levey, Liddell, and Wilkinson, will adorn the performance by some of those cunning and brilliant effusions of the arm which inevitably tempt the grateful plaudits of their auditory.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (13 May 1845), 1

THE MISSES BYRNE HAVE the honour to announce that their Concert will take place on THIS EVENING (Tuesday) the 13th instant, at the ANCIENT CONCERT ROOMS, GREAT BRUNSWICK-STREET. Tickets of Admission (5s. each) and Programmes may be had at the principal Music Warehouses, and at the Misses Byrne's residence, 56, York-street.

"ANTIENT CONCERTS", Freeman's Journal (19 December 1845), 3

The first open concert, for the season, of the Ancient Concert Society, took place last evening at their hall in Brunswick-street . . . The concert, as a whole, was unquestionably one of the finest we ever heard in Dublin . . . We were pleased with the performance of the Hymn of Praise [Mendelssohn] particularly a duet for two soprani between Miss Byrne and Miss Serle, although it hung heavy compared with the pieces we have already mentioned, and the grand Mottet of Mozart which followed. Of the performance of the Messiah we can only say that Frank and William Robinson surpassed themselves, the choruses were unimpeachably given; Miss Byrne's splendid contralto was heard to great advantage in "He shall feed his flock," and, altogether, even at the musical festival, we never heard it better performed.

[Advertisement], Saunders's News-Letter (29 August 1846), 4

MUSICAL ACADEMY - PIANOFORTE, AND ITALIAN AND ENGLISH SINGING - The Messrs. WILKINSON'S Academy Opened for the Season on MONDAY, August the 17th. The Pianoforte department under the superintendence of Mr. J. Wilkinson, Pianist to the Anacreontic Society. The Vocal department under Mr. W. A. Wilkinson, Pupil of Signor Bornia, of Rome. The Messrs. W. beg to offer their acknowledgments to those Ladies who entrusted their children to their care during the past season, and also for their kind approval of the system of instruction pursued in the Academy, several ladies having kindly permitted the Messrs. W. to use their names in reference if required. Academy days - Monday and Thursday. Schools and Private Tuitions attended on the other days. For cards of terms, &c., apply at the Academy, 50 LOWER BAGGOT-STREET.

"ANTIENT CONCERTS", Freeman's Journal (16 April 1847), 3

If the concert of last night was not equal in selection and performance to the magnificent entertainment which the most classical of all our musical societies gave for Charitable purposes some weeks ago, it yet was sufficiently marked by excellence to sustain the high position which the Antient Concerts have attained . . . It is something to be proud of that we possess in our city such a bass as J. Robinson, such a countertenor as Yoakely, such a soprano as Miss Serbe, and a contralto like Miss Byrne. With all its wealth and opportunities, we venture to say that London could not surpass the four. The ladies abovementioned were heard to great advantage last night in Kucken's duet, which was demanded again, and added greatly to the effect of all the concerted pieces . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (18 September 1847), 1

MUSICAL ACADEMY, 16, MOUNTJOY-SQUARE, WEST. PIANOFORTE AND ITALIAN, AND ENGLISH SINGING. MR. WILLIAM A. WILKINSON begs to announce to the Nobility and Gentry that his Academy for the above branches of education will open on FRIDAY NEXT, the 24th instant. The Pianoforte Department under the superintendence of Mr. WILKINSON. The Vocal will be conducted by Mrs. WILKINSON (late Miss A. J. BYRNE, principal Contralto of the Ancient Concert Society). Academy days, TUESDAY and FRIDAY. Private Tuitions attended on the other days. Prospectuses and Cards of Terms may be had at the Academy.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 October 1855), 5

On the 6th inst., at Melbourne, Mrs. Frances Wilkinson, relict of the late Mr. Thomas Wilkinson, of Portobello, Dublin, Ireland, aged 74 years; sincerely and deservedly regretted.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1855), 7

ITALIAN AND ENGLISH SINGING. Mrs. Wilkinson (late Miss A. J. Byrne), Principal Contralto of the Ancient Concerts and Madrigal Societies, &c., Dublin, begs to announce her arrival in Melbourne, and that she gives Lessons in Italian and English Singing. Particulars may be known on application to Mr. Davitt, Principal of Model Training Schools; at Mr. Wilkie's Music Warerooms, Collins-street; and of Mrs. Wilkinson, at her residence, 48 Napier-Street, Collingwood.

[Advertising], The Argus (16 November 1855), 8

MUSICAL ACADEMY. - Mr. WILKINSON begs to announce his intention of opening an Academy for Piano-forte Pupils on the same system as that adopted in Paris by Van Nuffel and other eminent professors. Each pupil will receive a lesson from Mr. Wilkinson in theory, composition and solo playing, and likewise play in concert, the advantages of which cannot be overrated. Mr. Wilkinson will be assisted by other eminent teachers, who will prepare the pupils under Mr. W's superintendence. Terms, &c, may be known at the Academy No. 8 Kyte's-building, Regent-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1856), 7

PIANOFORTE, Harmonium, Organ, and Singing - Mr. Wilkinson of the Societies' Concerts, Dublin, begs to announce that he gives Lessons on the Pianoforte, Harmonium, Organ and Singing. Terms may be known at Mr. W's residence, 116 Collins-street east.


. . . Miss Hayes was never in better voice, and delighted every one by the successful manner in which she rendered Rossini's beautiful music, and displayed her capacity to grapple successfully with any style of music. With Mrs. Wilkinson, she shone in the grand duett "Quis es Homo," and gained repeated plaudits. We can hardly imagine a piece of more successful vocalisation. Mrs. Wilkinson is a contralto of much sweetness, though not much power, and she may flatter herself with having made a very favorable impression on her audience . . . The cavatina "Fac ut portem," by Mrs. Wilkinson, and the air and chorus "Inflammatus" wound up the first part with the best possible effect . . . Mrs. Wilkinson availed herself of the second part of the concert to favor the audience with the song "Land of my dearest,' which she gave with much sweetness and correct feeling . . .


. . . The affecting air "He was despised," was given by Mrs. Wilkinson in her usually sweet style, but many of her notes were quite inaudible, and it was manifest that she was affected with a most distressing nervousness, and just previous to the production of the last piece of the first part, Mr. Gregg confirmed the impression by announcing that she would be unable to appear during the remainder of the evening, in consequence of serious indisposition . . .


"MRS. TESTAR'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Age (15 April 1857), 5

This able and favorite vocalist gave a farewell concert yesterday evening, on the occasion of her retirement from professional into private life. There was a large and brilliant attendance . . . In conclusion we must not omit to pay a well merited compliment to Mr Wilkinson, whose accompaniments on the pianoforte were of the most tasteful character.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (1 July 1857), 4

"GRAND CONCERT AT ST. FRANCIS'S", The Age (15 July 1858), 6

The concert opened with a fine Fugue by Bach, ably performed by Mr. Wilkinson, the organist of the church. This was immediately followed by the "Kyrie Gloria" and "Credo," from Mozart's splendid Twelfth Mass, a composition which is now as well known in the drawing-room as in the church, and is ever acceptable to musical ears. The solo parts were sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Wilkinson, Mr. Ewart and Mr. Power, who sang the phrases allotted to them with great care and feeling . . . The beautiful quartette, from "Mose in Egitto," was very agreeably sung, but the contralto part assigned to Mrs. Wilkinson was deficient in power, and occasionally quite inaudible . . .

"BIRTHS", The Argus (16 August 1858), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 October 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 October 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (29 October 1864), 5

Mr. C. H. Compton has bean appointed organist of St. Francis's Cathedral, in the place of the late Mr. Wilkinson.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (6 January 1868), 3

We are requested to call attention to an advertisement which appeals in another column, announcing that Miss Roche, organist of St. Mary's, and articled pupil of the late accomplished musician Mr. Wilkinson, intends giving lessons in pianoforte playing and in singing at her residence Great Myers street.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (25 August 1869), 2

A GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT will be given this evening in the Town Hall, Prahran, by Mrs. W. A. Wilkinson, assisted by several favorite artistes. The performance is under the patronage of his Excellency the Governor and several of the leading citizens.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1872), 8

MRS. W. A WILKINSON. - SINGING and PIANO-FORTE. Wodonga-cottage, Acland-street, St. Kilda; 174 Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 February 1873), 8

MUSICAL ACADEMY, Acland-street, St. Kilda. Mrs. W. A. WILKINSON Begs to intimate her intention of opening on Monday, 10th of March, an ACADEMY for PIANOFORTE CLASS TEACHING, on the Home system . . .

"First Appearances In Melbourne of Actors and Actresses", The Lorgnette (7 May 1880), 2

"Miss Wilkinson's Concert", Melbourne Punch (13 December 1894), 11

"DEATHS", The Argus (4 July 1898), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 October 1909), 1

"THE LATE MISS M. F. WILKINSON, A.R.A.M.", Advocate (30 October 1909), 28

The sudden death of Miss Mary Francis Wilkinson, A.R.A.M., which was announced last week, gave a great shock to the deceased lady's many friends in the musical world of Victoria and in the general community. After a strenuous life in the profession of which she was an accomplished and enthusiastic member, she was seized with her last brief illness while engaged with a pupil. Miss Wilkinson was born in Dublin, and was the daughter of a talented musician and composer, who, for some years, was organist of St. Francis' Church, Melbourne. She came of an artistic family; her paternal aunt was a painter, whose studio, among the doctors in Collins-street, was well known for many years. Mr. Wilkinson came to Melbourne in the fifties of last century, when his daughter, who has just died, was an infant. His removal hither from Dublin was, primarily, for the benefit of his health, but he died in Melbourne at a comparatively early age, when he had little more than reached one-half the "allotted span" of man's life. Miss Wilkinson early developed musical talent, and a love for the profession which she subsequently adopted, with so much distinction to herself. She studied hard, and ultimately went to Rome where she became the pupil of Sgambati and other notable masters, and took her degree of Associate of the Royal Academy of Music, Rome. Before returning to Australia, she made a tour of some of the most interesting parts of Europe, and visited her native city, where she had, amongst her relatives, an aunt and a cousin, who were nuns in the Presentation Convent, George's Hill. The aunt has since died, the cousin is still a member of the George's Hill community. For many years, Miss Wilkinson was organist of St. Mary's Church, East St. Kilda; and, when the pastor, the Rev. Dr. Corbett, was called to the episcopal office, she claimed the privilege of making the shoes in which he was consecrated Bishop of Sale, at St. Mary's Church. She retained her seat at the organ when the Rev. James L. Hegarty, now Dean of Kyneton, became Rector, and the Dean went to St. Mary's last week to officiate at the obsequies of his old friend. Fr. English, another friend, came from South Melbourne to assist. For some time, Miss Wilkinson was also organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral. The deceased was a highly cultured lady, a charming conversationalist, and a delightful hostess. She spoke the French, Italian, and German languages accurately and fluently - indeed, one Italian gentleman in Melbourne declared that Miss Wilkinson spoke his native tongue as perfectly as he did himself. She was, most generous in charities, the value of which was enhanced by the quiet and unostentatious way in which they were exercised. Before everything she was a Catholic - as one who knew her well declares, "she loved the Church with her whole soul." The very last cheque she drew was an offering for Mass for the souls of her parents and of an old servant . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rankin 1980, 26-33

[26] The temporary retirement of Mr. Plunkett in 1854 from the morning choir occasioned the appointment of Mr. William Wilkinson as the first professional organist. He had come from Dublin and was widely travelled. He possessed an organ degree from Rome . . .

Byrne 1995, 63

In 1854 the organist William Wilkinson was imported from Ireland to be Director of Music at the new St. Patrick's Cathedral, only to find when he arrived that the cathedral was being demolished to build an even larger one. He became organist of St. Francis' where he remained until his death in 1864.

Byrne 2005, 239

Ferris 2011, 101, 147-48, 196, 375, 442, 458, 460, 461

Miss Byrne . . . Granddaughter of Edward Byrne, Dublin's largest merchant, sugar baker and distiller and member of the [148] Catholic Committee (a drive for Catholic relief) at the end of the eighteenth century. Miss Byrne was apparently "in society until her father lost his inheritance". Debuted in Drury Lane in 1817 [clearly incorrect]. Often performed in Dublin with her sister (as the Misses Byrne) in the Roman Catholic churches to support charity sermons, high masses and church dedications but also in a concert of the Anacreontic Society. Provided musical examples for the lectures of F. W. N. Bayley and Lt. A. S. De Braunhelder. The sisters taught singing (on the Wilhelm system), guitar and pianoforte at their Academy and residence 56, York Street, Stephen's Green, in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) and Salthill.


Bass vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860s


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 December 1861), 5

On Tuesday night the Prahran Philharmonic Society performed Handel's beautiful oratorio, "Judas Maccabaeus" . . . In the air, "Arm, Arm, ye Brave," Mr. Wilkinson showed himself thoroughly at home, and we were rather surprised at his clever execution of the several difficult passages he had to contend with; it is evident, however, that Mr. Wilkinson requires more study to enable him to give the finish so very necessary to Handel's style of music . . .



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1834; ? Sydney, NSW, April 1835


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 August 1834), 2

Theatre, Argyle Rooms. TO-MORROW Evening, (Wednesday,) will be produced a New Ballet, called RIVAL LOVERS. In the course of the Evening, Miss Williams will sing "Oh, give me but my Arab Steed," being her 2nd appearance.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (7 April 1835), 2 

To-morrow evening a Miss Williams, lately arrived from London, is to make her debut on the boards of this theatre as a vocalist; we have had the pleasure of hearing this lady sing, and can assure our playgoing friends that they will experience a rich treat . . .

Musical concordance:

Oh give me but my Arab steed! (composed by G. A. Hodson) (Sydney: F. Ellard, n.d. [1840s]):

WILLIAMS, Mr. (probably Francis WILLIAMS)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1810


At the Subscribers' Ball in Sydney in October 1810, a Mr Williams, one of the stewards, gave a Song, prepared for the festive occasion sung to the tune "To Anachreon in Heaven".


"THE SUBSCRIBERS' BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1810), 2


Master of the Band of the 63rd Regiment

Active Western Australia, May-June 1830
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by October 1830
? Departed, late 1833 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 63rd Regiment


The 63rd regiment arrived in Tasmania to replace the 40th gradually during 1829, in a period of martial law decreed by the governor Arthur in response to the ongoing warfare between settlers and aboriginal inhabitants. Bandmaster Joseph Reichenberg of the 40th resigned and stayed on in Tasmania, while his role as chief local military bandmaster was taken over by Mr. Williams, master of the band of the 63rd.

The regimental headquarters of the 63rd arrived in Hobart in March 1830, however in May and June, the band was apparently still in Western Australia; it is recorded as having performed for the Queen's Birthday and the first anniversary celebrations of the colony. The band was in Hobart by October, however, when the Colonial Times noted: "A Correspondent has noticed to us 'that some of the band boys of the 63d regiment, have but little to do at the present crisis'."

The band nevertheless played for the government celebrations of the accession of William IV in December. Williams and 3 of his bandsmen assisted John Philip Deane in a concert given in September 1831. At the government's Queen's Birthday celebrations in Hobart in 1832, the Courier noted "the striking up at intervals of the band of the 63rd, brought to such perfection since its arrival under the Bandmaster, Mr. Williams"; and by mid-1833 the Courier was listing him among Hobart's musical "old favorites . . . Messrs. Reichenberg, Deane, Russel, Marshall, Williams, of the 63d."

According to a much later recollection (1917):

One of our oldest inhabitants remembers the band of the 63rd Regiment (now 1st Manchester) about the year 1828 [sic]. Williams was band-master. The instruments used at that period were principally the key-bugle and the serpent (bass). There was a band sergeant named Cassidy, who was an expert on the former; he was often seen taking his rambles around the town playing his bugle. The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833.


[News], Colonial Times (22 October 1830), 2

A Correspondent has noticed to us "that some of the band boys of the 63d regiment, have but little to do at the present crisis. Would it not be as well, under existing circumstances, to call upon them to assist or partly relieve the inhabitants in their arduous duties of guarding the town?"

[News], Colonial Times (10 December 1830), 2

[Advertisement]: "STATEMENT OF COSTS OF CONCERT", Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (3 March 1832), 2

"Van Diemen's Land News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 March 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (20 November 1832), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (5 July 1833), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Hobart Town Magazine 2 (reprinted 1834), 163


Bibliography and resources:

Manning Clark, A history of Australia, 2: New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, 1822-1838 (Melbourne University Press, 1968), 269

Pamela Statham-Drew, James Stirling: admiral and founding governor of Western Australia (University of Western Australia Press, 2003), 174, 179


Organ tuner

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1846


Probably John Williams, pianoforte maker, below.


"ST. DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2


Vocalist, oratorio and psalmody singer, teacher of sacred music

? Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1834 (convict per William Metcalf, from England, 23 May 1834)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838-39


A Daniel Williams was convicted at Middlesex for a term of 7 years on 26 November 1833. In August 1838, a Daniel Williams made a complaint against a man who had threatened him:

. . . if he would come out, he would kick him, and spoil his singing. As singing was part of his profession, and defendant being a large man, and himself a little one, he feared he might enforce his threat, and therefore prayed for justice.

On the Queen's Birthday in May 1839, the convict Daniel Williams was granted a ticket of leave, and, his sentence having expired on 26 November 1840, his certificate of freedom. In December 1839, the singer Williams advertised:

Sacred Music. DANIEL WILLIAMS, Leader of Music in St. Andrew's Church, and Member of the Liverpool Festival Choral Society, most respectfully begs leave to acquaint his friends and the public of Hobart Town, that he intends to open a School or Academy of Sacred Music, at his house, No. 31, Elizabeth-street, so soon as an adequate number of Pupils assemble, of which due notice will be given in a future advertisement. He trusts from his experience in Oratorio Singing and Psalmody, that he is competent to instruct Pupils in the delightful science of Sacred Music . . .


Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1446392; CON31/1/47; CON18/1/22,238,68,F,60,248,67,F,60 

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (14 August 1838), 7

"Tickets of Leave", The Hobart Town Courier (31 May 1839), 2

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE. No. 276", The Courier (3 November 1840), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (31 December 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 December 1840), 3


Amateur pianist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1832
Died Piper's River, TAS, 15 September 1863, aged 31 years


An owner-bound album of sheet music, recently (as of 2014) discovered in a Launceston opportunity shop, is now in the Peter Sims Collection at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, TAS, under the shelf number CHS37 E.2/9B. Sims's inventory (Sims 2014, 26) shows that it contains mostly London prints of music for piano and harp of the 1830s, but also including a complete run of Henry Mundy's Eight sets of quadrilles (London: Robert Cocks, [?1837]), copies of which were first advertised for sale in Launceston in April 1838.

Some of the component prints bear the name "Miss Williams", one the date "Sept. 9th 1839", and the end page of the volume "Eleanor Hardwick". Sims (6) reliably identified at least one owner of the book as Eleanor Williams, who married Thomas Hardwick at Campbell-Town in 1858, and suggests that she may have been a young pupil of Mundy, either at Ellinthorpe Hall, or in Launceston c.1840. Plausibly, a slightly older female relative, also Miss Williams, may previously have owned some of the items.


"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (5 May 1858), 4

"DEATHS", The Mercury (22 September 1863), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Sims 2014 [includes facsimiles of the complete run of Mundy's quadrilles]


Organ and pianoforte tuner and repairer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-56


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1856), 8 

TO THE MUSICAL WORLD. - G. WILLIAMS, lately arrived from London, intends following the trade of organ and pianoforte repairing and tuning, and flatters himself that he will receive that support which ability and punctuality combined with moderate charges may hope to realise. N.B.- Instruments repaired at home if desired. No, 21, Kent-street North.

WILLIAMS, Henry St. Mordel


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


Henry St. Mordel Williams married Emma Deane in Victoria on 24 September 1868. Nothing further for certain is known about this probably amateur musician. A "Mordel H. S." appears as no. 598 in a list of unclaimed letters in the Victorian Government Gazette (3 July 1855), 1560; and a "Mr. St. Mordel" advertised as a musician in 1874.


"THE GALLERIES", The Argus (18 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1855), 8

[Letter list], The Argus (3 November 1855), 10 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1874), 1

Musical work:

The Victoria polka ("composed in honor of the Paris Exhibition") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1854]) 

WILLIAMS, Horatio Wright

Vocalist, pianist

Arrived Australia, c.1837
Active Sydney, NSW, January 1840; Goulburn, NSW, 1844; Gundaroo, near Quenbeyan, until 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARY-LA-BONNE. SAVAGE ATTACK", The Evening Chronicle [London] (23 December 1835), 4

Monday, on the arrival of a second magistrate, Mr. Horatio Wright Williams, a fashionably dressed young man, whose father is stated to be a gentleman of large property, residing at Maida-vale, near Paddington, was placed at the bar, charged by Mr. Edward Dyer, a builder, of No. 30, High-street, Camden-town, with the following savage and brutal assault:-

Complainant, who appeared very weak from loss of blood, and whose temples were bound with a large handkerchief, deposed that the prisoner, about month ago, took apartments at his house for himself and wife; on several occasions he absented himself for days together, and, generally speaking, came home very much intoxicated; in consequence of which his wife, who had by her a valuable harp, fearing that he might make away with it, lodged it, for security's sake, with complainant, who placed it in his back parlor. Sunday evening last complainant was fetched from chapel by his daughter, who told him that the prisoner was in the house, quite drunk, and insisted upon removing the instrument; he (complainant) then went home and remonstrated with him upon coming at so unreasonable time, and, desired him to call the following day; he refused to do this, and taunted complainant on being a chapel-goer, well bestowing upon him various insulting and opprobrious names; complainant merely ventured to remark that he (prisoner) would do well to think a little more of religion himself, and not behave like a vagabond, when the latter exclaimed that he did not believe in Christ, and the same instant seized a brass candlestick, which he hurled with all his force at complainant's head, thereby inflicting on his left temple a deep and serious wound, from which the blood flowed copiously down his face. A policeman was sent for, who soon arrived and took the prisoner into custody.

In reply to questions from Mr. Rawlinson, the prisoner said that had been articled to attorney, but was now living upon his own property; admitted having assaulted the complainant, by whom, as he alleged, he was first abused in the most shameful manner.

The Magistrates fined him £5, which be immediately paid.

"MARRIED", Sussex Advertiser [England] (18 April 1836), 3

On Thursday, the 3lst of March last, at St. Pancras Church, London, Horatio Wright Williams, Esq., to Anna Maria, youngest Daughter of the late Thomas Crawford, Esq. of Lywood, Sussex.

"SHOCKING LOW", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 March 1859), 2 

Yesterday a man of very diminutive appearance, glorying under the appellation of Horatio Williams, was placed behind the bar of the Police Office, where he could with great difficulty be seen, charged by a constable with being in blissful state of intoxication, lying on his back in Harrington street at nine o'clock on Sunday morning. Horatio pleaded guilty to the insinuation, and was forthwith ordered to pay five shillings. The same little gentleman was found in a somewhat similar predicament only a few days previously, on which occasion also he became a contributor to the poor fund.

"Police News", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (6 March 1839), 2 

Mr. Horatio Williams was found by a constable lying in Harrington-street on the broad of his back, at eight o'clock on Sunday morning. Being incapable of locomotion, he was mercifully taken up and carried by the constable in his arms to the watchhouse. This morning he was placed at the bar to give a christian-like account of himself, but his plea was, non mi recordo. Fined 5s., or four hours repose in the Bank Stock Company, under direction of the Knights of the Baton. Declining the honor of a share in so un-profitable a concern, Mr. Williams paid the forfeit.

"News and Rumours of the Day", Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 1

Mr. Deane has engaged Mr. Simmons and Mrs. Taylor, of the Victoria, and Mr. Horatio W. Williams, to sing at his weekly soirees. Madame Gautrot appears for the last time at Soiree on Tuesday first.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1840), 1

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 January 1840), 1 

CONCERT. MR. H. W. WILLIAMS HAS THE HONOR TO ANNOUNCE . . . THAT HIS Benefit Concert OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Will take place at THE MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ART On THURSDAY, JAN. 9, 1840. UPON which Occasion MR. WILLIAMS has secured the valuable SERVICES OF Mrs. Taylor & Mr. Simmons (LATE OF THE VICTORIA THEATRE) . . . MR. DEANE and SONS, assisted by several Auxiliaries, will conduct the Orchestral Department . . . PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 3. - Song, "The Spell is Broken", Mr. Williams, accompanied by himself on the Piano . . . 7. - Song, "I remember, I remember," Mr. Williams; . . . 9. Glee, "Oft in the stilly night" (by particular desire) - Messrs. Simmons, Williams, and Thomson . . . PART II . . . 9. Song, "Queen of my Soul", Mr. Williams . . .

"MR. WILLIAMS' CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (14 January 1840), 2

The concert for the benefit of Mr. Horatio W. Williams took place at the Mechanics' School of Arts on Thursday, and we are sorry to say, that Mr. W. did not meet with that share of the public patronage to which his vocal skill entitles him. The entertainments of the evening were well gone through.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1844), 3

Darlinhurst Gaol entrance book, 1880; State Archives NSW 

[no] 1960 / Horatio Williams / 17 March [1880] / Water Police Court / A purpose to commit some offence / Exam. 24th Mar, 4 April, 14 April / Police / 14 April

Duplicate conveyance; By ANNA MARIA WILLIAMS of Lindfield, widow . . . 4 April 1881; East Sussex Record Office; National Archives UK 

The deed recites the Will of Gibbs Crawfurd late of Paxhill Park, esq., dated 12 April, 1828 and codicil of 3 Oct., 1828, whereby he devised the said farm and all his real estate to his daughter Anna Maria Williams (then Anna Maria Crawfurd) subject to his wife's life interest. The testator died, 19 July, 1830, and his Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 18 Feb, 1831. His wife, the said Martha, died 23 July, 1846. The said Anna married Horatio Wright Williams in 1836 and he went to Australia in 1837 and was never heard of again . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1889), 1 

WILLIAMS, HORATIO WRIGHT - Anyone knowing the whereabouts of Horatio Wright Williams, or who can give sntisfaotory evidence of his death, on communicating the same to Mr. E. Du Faur, care of Du Faur and Gerard, Pitt-street, Sydney, will be rewarded. Williams arrived in this colony about the year 1837, and was residing till about 1878 at Gundaroo, near Queanbeyan. In that year he is reported to have left Gundaroo and removed to Wagga Wagga.

"DEATHS", Sussex Agricultural Express (12 February 1898), 4

On the 30th Jan., at Lindfield, Sussex, Anna Maria, widow of Horatio Wright Williams, Esq., and youngest daughter of the late Thomas Gibbs Crawfurd, of Pax Hill Park, aged 84 years.


Harpist, "Blind harper"

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863
Died Newbridge, Tarrnagulla, 1870


"The Blind Harpist", Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 5

Mr. Williams, the celebrated performer on the triple harp, assisted by Mr. Jones, the eminent violinist, will give a concert this evening at the Fryer's Town Hotel. On Saturday evening, the same artists will perform at the Red Hill Music Hall; and on Monday, or some other day early in next week, they will give an entertainment in Castlemaine - in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, if it can be procured, we understand. Report speaks highly of both these gentlemen, and the infirmity of Mr. Williams may be expected to procure for his concerts a still larger amount of patronage than their intrinsic excellence, however great, would secure.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (26 December 1863), 2

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4

"SOCIAL", The Star (25 January 1864), 1s

"VICTORIA", The Brisbane Courier (11 January 1865), 2

"CELEBRATIONS OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Australian News for Home Readers (18 March 1865), 6

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Ballarat Star (2 January 1869), supplement 1 

"THE BLIND HARPER. TO THE EDITOR", The Ballarat Courier (8 March 1870), 2 

SIR, - You will greatly oblige by inserting the following:- "Intelligence is just to hand of the death of Mr. John Williams, the blind harpist, at Newbridge, near Tarnagulla. Although the deceased was totally blind since he was seven years of age, he was considered an excellent musician, and a thoroughly accomplished Welsh harpist. As Mr Williams resided in Ballarat for so many years, and was so well liked and appreciated by his countrymen for his skill in the art of that music which is so dear to every Welshman, I beg to suggest that some of his old friends, both in Ballarat and Sebastopol, unite together for the purpose of collecting, say £20 or £30, for the purpose of putting up a tombstone with some suitable lines engraved thereon, which could be written either in poetry or prose." - I am, Sir, yours. WELSHMAN. Ballarat, 7th March, 1870.


Pianoforte maker and importer (from John Broadwood and Sons, London)

Born England, c. 1805/06
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 17 April 1840 (per Majestic, from Liverpool, 18 November 1839)
Married Annie HARPER (d. 1902), near Campbell Town, TAS, 31 August 1854
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 January 1865, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


Having somehow managed to send the copy on ahead, John Williams first advertised in Hobart as a "Pianoforte-maker (from Broadwood's, London) . . ." a couple of days before he himself landed in town, from the Majestic, on 16/17 April 1840.

By May 1843, he was selling pianos "all of colonial produce (except the strings and the brass)" which he warranted "to be equal in tone and more durable than any imported from England".

By January 1845, it was reported:

Mr. Williams, the celebrated pianoforte-maker or Hobart Town, has succeeded in manufacturing several first-rate instruments wholly from colonial material: they are represented to be exact copies of Broadwood's, and equally good, which Mr. Williams sells considerably below London prices.

His advertisements in 1849-50 include testimonials from other amateur and professional musicians, including Joseph Reichenberg, Charles Sandys Packer, Richard Curtis, James Thomson, and Henry Elliot.

At various times, he sold his own instruments to the miller and shipbuilder Peter Degraves, and the Hobart merchant Elisha Bailey. Williams was also in a small claim dispute in 1850, probably over an instrument, with the Launceston merchant and keen amateur musician Thomas Leaman Beckford.

In 1852, he attempted, apparently without much success, to expand his business into Port Phillip. In Hobart in 1856, he suspended piano making altogether, probably due more to cheaper imports rather than lack of local demand for pianos. However, he resumed fashioning his own colonial instruments, again with imported parts, in mid 1863. Meanwhile, he and his wife had continued selling imported pianos and other musical instruments, as well as sheet music and fancy goods.

Williams died, from chronic pneumonia, on 30 January 1865, aged 60. Thereafter his widow briefly continued to advertised as a music instrument seller, but sold the stock in trade of the piano manufacturing business to John Millwood Stanley (1833-1885) and Robert George Winter (d. 1902).

His wife, Annie Harper, had given birth to their son, Ernest Williams (1862-1947), on 20 January 1862. Ernest's son, their grandson, was a leading church architect, Louis Williams (1890-1980).

My thanks to Rosemary Sharples for bringing the 14 April 1840 advertisement to my attention, December 2019

On Broadwood pianos in early colonial Australia, see: 


? Baptisms in the parish of St. Paul, Deptford, Lewisham, Kent in the year 1805; London Metropolitan Archives 

Baptized Dec'br 1805 / 1 / Williams / John William son of John Wm. & Eliz'th, Church St, Sawyer / [born] Oct'r 14

"COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London gazette (6 July 1838), 1552-53 

. . . PETITIONS and SCHEDULES of the PRISONERS hereinafter named . . . to be heard at the Court House, Portugal-Street, Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, on Tuesday the 17th day of July, 1838 . . .

John Williams, formerly of No. 14, Michael's-place, Brompton, Journeyman Piano-Forte-Maker and Ship-Builder, then [1553] at No. 14. Michael's-place, Brompton aforesaid, and at the same time of No. 2, Grove-place, Brompton, and afterwards of No. 2 Grove-place, Brompton aforesaid, all in Middlesex, Piano-Forte-Maker.

"INSOLVENT DEBTORS COURT. AUGUST 11", Morning Advertiser [London, England] (13 August 1838), 3

John Williams, pianoforte-maker, whose debts amounted to 1,000l. but who was without assets, having expended 70l. bail-bond to keep out of prison, was adjudged to three months’ imprisonment from the date of his petition.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (14 April 1840), 3

RESPECTFULLY solicits the patronage of the Musical Gentry of the Island, in the tuning and repairing of Instruments.
Ten years' experience in the first house in London enables J. W. to undertake, with confidence, any repairs incidental to the usage of the Instrument. Six Octave Pianofortes, from C C transposed to F F, and adapted to modern music, at a moderate expense.
Communications sent to the above, at W. B. Dill's Cabinet Manufactory, corner of Elizabeth and Brisbane Streets, will be punctually attended to.
April 14, 1840.

Report of the arrival at the port of Hobart Town of the barque Majestic 16th April 1840; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1599307; CSO92/1/4 p49$init=CSO92-1-4P52JPG 

"Shipping Intelligence, HOBART TOWN. Arrivals", The Hobart Town Courier (24 April 1840), 4

17 - the bark Majestic, 316 tons, Smith, from Liverpool, 18th November, with merchandize - passengers, D. Richards, Esq., Mr. and Mrs. Gillan, Mr. John Bengard and wife, Mr. John Williams, Mr. Duncan Scott, and Hannah Murray.

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 October 1840), 1

J. WILLIAMS, PIANOFORTE MAKER, (from Broadwood's, London,) having commenced business at 71, Elizabeth-street, Hobart Town, (the premises late in the occupation of Mr. Harvey, Turner,) as a Manufacturer of Pianofortes, Seraphines, &c., respectfully informs the gentry of the island, that he repairs and tunes Pianofortes and other musical instruments, on very moderate terms. Those gentlemen who may be resident some distance from Hobart Town, are informed that J. W. purposes visiting Launceston, and would be happy to attend to the favours of any gentlemen on or near the road, who may write to him as above, before the 1st of November next.
September 17.

"PIANO FORTE MANUFACTURE", Colonial Times (23 May 1843), 3

The colonists will learn with pleasure, that Mr. Williams has Piano Fortes at his warehouse in Collins-street, now on sale, manufactured in the colony under his direction and by his assistance, all of colonial produce (except the strings and the brass), which he warrants to be equal in tone and more durable than any imported from England. This deserves to be encouraged, and we have no doubt Mr. Williams will be amply patronised by a liberal and discerning public.

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 October 1844), 1

"COLONIAL-MADE PIANOFORTES", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 January 1845), 3

Mr. Williams, the celebrated pianoforte-maker of Hobart Town, has succeeded in manufacturing several first-rate instruments wholly from colonial material: they are represented to be exact copies of Broadwood's, and equally good, which Mr. Williams sells considerable below London prices, and conditions to exchange, if not approved of within six months of the day of sale, and even after that period, on payment of the hire.

"ROBBERY DETECTED", Colonial Times (18 December 1846), 3

On Wednesday the active and efficient members of the Detective Police discovered at the cooperage of Mr. W. Mason, Argyle-street a large quantity of bird cages, and other articles, which have, it appears, been manufactured from materials "weeded " from the manufactory of Mr. Williams, pianoforte maker, Collins-street. There were as many as four constables could convey to the Police-office, where Mr. Williams identified several of the materials, which had been worked up. The thief, a probationer in Mr. W.'s employ, had been in the habit for some time of "weeding " the wood, &c, cut up in small pieces, which being conveniently convened to Mr. Mason's, was made up into cages, and other small articles. The parties, supposed to be implicated are in custody, and remanded for further examination, as more of the property stolen from Mr. Williams, it is hoped, will be discovered in other places.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 March 1849), 3 

THE Undersigned, returning thanks for past favors, begs respectfully to draw the attention of the Public to the annexed Certificates from purchasers of his Pianofortes, soliciting, at the same time, an inspection of the Instruments.
The original Certificates may be seen at his Warehouse, where price lists and conditions of sale may be seen.
J. WILLIAMS, Elizabeth Street.
Hobart Town, March 2, 1849.

Cascade Mills, Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I feel warranted in strongly recommending Mr. Williams as a substantial maker. I have seen many of his pianofortes, all of them good ones, and I have one of them which I think is the very best I ever heard.-
Yours, obediently, &c., &c.,

Liverpool-street, Hobart Town, February 28, 1849.
I have frequently examined pianofortes while making at Mr. Williams' manufactory, and have observed the great care and skill executed in his choice of workmen and materials; in the mechanical structure of his instruments, I am of opinion they are quite equal to any that are imported. I have purchased two of his own manufactured pianofortes from him, and many persons, much better able to judge of their delicacy of tone and touch than I am, have spoken very highly of them.

Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I consider my pianoforte a first-rate instrument - very powerful, and a sweet tone; it is, in my opinion, equal, if not superior, to any London-made piano that I have heard. I may add that, before purchasing it, I took the opinion of Mr. Reichenberg, who spoke very highly of it, and, to use his own expression, "was one that would last for ever." -
Yours, &c.,

7, Liverpool-street, Hobart Town, January 30, 1846.
SIR, - I have invariably found your pianofortes sound, substantially-made instruments, and should prefer them to any imported, on account of their standing so Well in tone and pitch, the failure in which particular is the great drawback in general to English-made instruments sent out to the colony. Yours, truly,

Hobart Town, January 10, 1848.
I have had an opportunity of examining several pianofortes manufactured by Mr. Williams, of Collins-street, particularly those belonging to Mr. Degraves, Mr. Elisha Bailey, and Mr. J. A. Thomson, and also one at present in his factory. I was much pleased with all both as regards touch and tone, and the last-mentioned instrument I consider a very superior one.

"Cumberland Arms," New Wharf, January 12, 1847.
SIR, - In reply to your request, I have to say that I am well satisfied with the pianoforte I purchased from you last year, more especially as I find it keeps better in tune than many imported ones I hear, although it is constantly in use.
I am, Sir, yours respectfully,

March 2, 1849.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 November 1849), 1 

Great Reduction in Prices.
THE UNDERSIGNED has reduced the Prices of the Articles herein described 20 per cent., to make room for fresh consignments daily expected.
JOHN WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker (from Broadwood's).
D'Almaín's Flutes, with 1, 4, 6 or 8 keys
Ditto Clarionets, 8 keys, and all sizes
Violins, Bows, and Cases
Small Hunting Horns
Instruction Books (various)
Music Paper, 12 and 15 staves (upright)
Ditto, oblong score
Violin, Harp, and Guitar Strings, Harp Strings in sets
Violoncello and Tenor Strings
Silver Harp Strings
Ditto Guitar ditto
Ditto Violin ditto
Ditto Violoncello and Tenor
Violin Pegs and Bridges.
Tuning Forks
Ditto Keys
Bassoon Reeds
Clarionet ditto
Piano forte Wire
Violin Bow Hair
Stationery and Account Books in great Variety.
N.B. - A Quantity of Fashionable Music, at Half-price.
November 20, 1849.

"COURT OF REQUESTS. TUESDAY, JUNE 4", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston] (8 June 1850), 361 

T. L. Beckford v John Williams, piano-forte maker, Hobart Town. - An action on the ballance of an unpaid promissory note. - Verdict for plaintiff, £10 10s.

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (21 July 1852), 3 

Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieut. Governor.
JOHN WILLIAMS, Pianoforte Maker, from Broadwood's, London, having been engaged for the last ten years in Hobart Town, making Pianofortes, adapted for warm climates,
RESPECTFULLY informs the Public, that he is induced by the numerous and influential promises of support, to commence business in Melbourne, and he is prepared to repair and tune Pianofortes in the first style.
Communications for the present, addressed to the care of Messrs. Huxtable and Co., Stationers, Collins-street, will meet with prompt attention, at which place may be seen on sale, a splendid cottage piano, compass C to A, imported to his order direct, to be followed by others.
N.B. - Instruments exchanged, bought or sold on commission.

1854, marriages in the district of Campbell Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:846155; RGD37/1/13 no 89$init=RGD37-1-13p43 

[No.] 5 / 31 August 1854 . . . / John Williams / 48 / Piano Forte Maker
Annie Harper / 28 / Governess . . . / . . . Married in the dwelling house of Geo. Gatenby, esq. . . . [witnesses] Geo. Gatenby / Mary Ann Gatenby / Mary Jane Gatenby

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 June 1861), 1 

Musical Instruments for Military Bands.
NOW ON SALE by the undersigned, Sax Horns of the best make, Alto, Tenor, Soprano, and Bass.
Clarionets in C, B, A, and E flat. Cornopeans, and all other Instruments; also an assortment of superior Harmoniums and Broadwood's Cottage Pianofortes.
J. WILLIAMS, 41, Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (4 June 1863), 4 

J. WILLIAMS Respectfully intimates to the public that he is again making Pianofortes in Hobart Town (suspended in 1856 for want of labor.)
These instruments are copies of Broadwood's, and are made from imported material.
The keys and all other essential parts of the mechanism are made by the best workmen in London to his order.
The instruments recently finished have been pronounced by competent judges to be equal to those of the best makers of London in tone and touch.
J. W. can compete with such makers, and produce as good an instrument at less price.
They are sold conditionally: either exchanged for others if not approved, free of expense, or the money refunded at the end of twelve months on payment of hire for the time.
Two of the smallest size made 3ft. 6in. high by 4ft. 3in, price £45, may now be seen, which are admitted to be second to none of the same size in the colony.

"COLONIAL PIANOFORTES", The Mercury (31 May 1864), 2 

We were shown yesterday at the shop of Mr. J. Williams, in Liverpool-street, some pianofortes recently manufactured by that gentleman, and as productions of colonial labor, they are certainly well worthy of notice and inspection by the musical public. The instruments are cottage pianos, and are very handsomely finished, being in that particular, really imposing pieces of furniture. The wood used in the manufacture of the cabinet work is chiefly walnut, but one instrument in a colonial myrtle casing, bears very favorable comparison. The pianos seen by us are copies of those now manufactured by Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, and Collard and Collard, the tone and touch being precisely identical. The principal component parts - keys, hammers, &c., have all been manufactured by known workmen in London, to Mr. Williams' order so that the instruments really should be, and we doubt not are, quite equal to those manufactured at home. The whole of the woods used in their construction, for sounding boards, frame work, &c., are of the same description as those used by the best London makers, chiefly Swiss pine. Competent judges pronounce those pianos to be of the very first order, and it is really creditable to Mr. Williams's enterprise that he has brought his colonial works to such perfection. Mr. Williams informs us that he has tried all the best kinds of colonial woods in manufacturing pianos, but none are suitable for that purpose, unless in the mere foundation and cabinet department. We understand that a meeting of musical gentlemen is to held at Mr. Williams's on Thursday evening when the instruments will be fairly tried.

1865, deaths in the district of Hobart Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1225868; RGD35/1/7 no 4844$init=RGD35-1-7p080 

4844 / 30th January / John William Williams (Died Liverpool Street) Born England / 60 years / Pianoforte Maker / Pleuro Pneumonia Chronic . . .

Probate, and will of John Williams, pianoforte maker, 1865; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:641606; AD960/1/7$init=AD960-1-7-1095P1 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (31 January 1865), 1 

WILLIAMS - On Monday, January 30th, at his residence, Liverpool-street, Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker, aged 60 years. The funeral will leave his late residence on Wednesday, the 1st February, at three o'clock, when friends are invited to attend. No circulars.

[2 Advertisements], The Mercury (24 March 1865), 1 

NOTICE. MRS. WILLIAMS (widow of the late Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker) respectfully begs to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and the country districts that she has re-opened the shop in Liverpool-street with a new most carefully and well assorted Stock of FANCY WOOLS and MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, the whole having been purchased on most advantageous terms, thereby enabling her to make a great reduction on former prices, and trusts that by the most careful and strict attention to all orders she may be kindly favored with to merit a continuance of the extensive patronage extended for so many years to her late husband. Patterns of Wools carefully matched. Pianofortes let out on hire.
94, Liverpool Street, Nearly opposite R. A. Mather's.

STANLEY, From C. Cadby's AND WINTER, From Kirkman's, LONDON, "PIANOFORTE MAKERS." STANLEY & WINTER BEG to inform the musical public of Tasmania that, having purchased the whole of the manufacturing plant belonging to the late Mr. John Williams, they are prepared to execute orders for the manufacture, repair, tuning, and regulating of all kinds of musical instruments. Orders received by Mrs. Williams, Liverpool-street; and at the manufactory, Elizabeth-street, opposite Burn's Auction Mart.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (29 May 1865), 1 

NOTICE TO CREDITORS. - All persons having claims against the estate of the late Mr. John Williams, Pianoforte Maker and Music Seller, Hobart Town, will please lodge the same with the undersigned. WM. ROBB.

"Deaths", The Mercury (15 March 1902), 1 

WILLIAMS. - On March 14, at Claremont, Hobart, Annie, widow of the late John Williams, piano manufacturer. Funeral, Sunday, 2.30.

"Music & Drama", The Mercury (16 March 1927), 10 

Mr. Clinch, superintendent of mails, gives the interesting information that one of the pianofortes made by the J. Williams, of Hobart Town, who advertised in the "Royal Kalendar" for 1848, mentioned in these notes last week, is still in use at the house of his sister, Mrs. Corney, of Lunawanna, Bruny Island . . .

Extant instruments:

Upright pianoforte, John Williams, Hobart, c. 1847-1852; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney, NSW 

Australian cedar case (with one section of oregon) with mahogany veneer; simple carved figure on front panel; rosewood veneer around music desk; action has spruce and mahogany woods; soundboard probably spruce; ivory naturals keys have moulded wooden fronts; faceted legs with carved finials; folding wooden music-desk.
Nameboard reads: "John Williams/Maker/(from Broadwood's, London)/ Collins Street/Hobart Town".
There are four known surviving pianos by this maker, all of a similar style. The instrument was purchased by the museum in 1985 from a descendant of the Bramich family of Deloraine, Tasmania, the original owners of the piano.

Lawsons Auctioneers, sale 3686, lot 344, 18 July 2004 (pictured)

JOHN WILLIAMS HOBART TOWN AN IMPORTANT COTTAGE PIANO FORTE, bearing the trade label of John Williams, maker Elizabeth Street, Hobart Town (from Broadwoods London). Mahogany on cedar case. The rectangular hinged lid over an arched panelled front with pleated silk inset, the interior mechanism in a wooden frame, the secondary timbers resembling Tasmanian myrtle and red cedar, the keyboard cover hinged and folding back and enclosing a seventy-seven note keyboard. Supported to the front on baluster turned legs and brass castors, with panelled section behind. Width: 127 cm. Height: 127 cm. Depth: 66 cm.

Bibliography and resources:

Lieveverbeeck, "Williams, John", Pianoforte-makers in England - W 

Michael Atherton, A coveted possession: the rise and fall of the piano in Australia (Carlton: Black Inc., 2018) (PREVIEW)


Singer, songwriter, composer

Active Hobart, TAS, 1861


"THE OVERLAND ROUTE", The Mercury (2 September 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (6 September 1861), 1

Original songs written for the entertainment; the music composed by Mr. J. M. Williams PANORAMA OF THE OVERLAND ROUTE . . . Mr. Edward Macready has been employed for some time past in the preparation of an entertainment illustrative of the Overland Route. It will comprise a series of paintings introducing all the places of note at which the mail stops, with incidental scenes and appropriate songs. Mr. Macready will undertake the descriptive portion of the entertainment, and the songs will be sung by Mr. J. M. Williams, who is also the composer of the music. It is probable that the entertainment will be ready at an early period.



Active Melbourne, VIC, October 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5


Precentor, teacher of psalmody

Active Lake Learmouth, VIC, until 1860


"News and Notes", The Star (4 February 1860), 2

Mr. R. B. Williams, of Lake Learmouth, being about to leave the district for Smeaton, it has occurred to a number of his friends there that they should invite him to a social entertainment before he goes . . .As secretary for the Agricultural Society, precentor and teacher of psalmody in the Presbyterian Church, and in other ways, Mr. Williams has become well known to the community in the farming districts, and on all sides he is universally esteemed. His nature prevents the possibility of his making any enemies. He and his estimable wife will be long remembered in the community, and especially in the congregation of which he has been a highly worthy and useful member.


Violinist, vocalist, actor, poet, ? songwriter

Born England, c.1816
Arrived NSW, 1838
Active Maitland area, NSW, by 1840s
Died Singleton, NSW, January 1862, aged 46


"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 June 1846), 2

. . . In the farce of the "Man with the Carpet Bag," our poet Williams was just the thing; and Belfield, as the Irish waiter or boots, kept the house in a roar; the boys were uproarious. "Seldom seen anything better done," said a quandom cockney - "it vas wastly veel, and no mistake." A new song, composed by the lauréat, called "Sydney Avertising," [sic] excited considerable merriment. The nett proceeds of our theatre, it is known, are always handed over to the managers of the Benevolent Asylum, an institution meriting more support than the contributions of the district can well afford . . .

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 January 1847), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (6 February 1847), 2

Between the pieces, Mr. Williams sang "Auld Robin Gray", and "John Anderson my Jo"; and in both songs was loudly applauded.

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (24 April 1847), 2

In [Belfield's farce] "Australian Assurance", Williams, as Tim Murphy, kept the house in a constant roar . . .Mr. Williams's benefit is fixed for Tuesday next, on which occasion Mrs. Arabin will make her second debut before a Singleton audience in the character of Fortunato Falcone, the Brigand's Son, in which she will introduce the admired ballad Some love to roam, accompanied on the violin by Mr. Williams.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 October 1847), 1

"SINGLETON. MR. DONALDSON'S VISIT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (26 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (9 December 1848), 3

. . . a MUSICAL MELANGE, consisting of various Comic and Sentimental Songs; and "Barney O'Keefe in Australia," by Mr. Williams, of Singleton, who has kindly volunteered his services.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 December 1848), 3

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 December 1854), 3

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 January 1862), 4


Wandering musician, itinerant musician

Active Tasmania, 1859


"POLICE COURT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (1 November 1859), 3

Absconding. - William Williams, a wandering musician, t. l. [ticket-of-leave], was remanded till Wednesday on a charge of absconding.

WILLIAMS, William Henry

Tenor vocalist, general and music printer and publisher

Born c.1830/31
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853
Died Malvern, VIC, 8 December 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Williams was honorary secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in March 1855, and regularly appeared as a vocal soloist in Philharmonic and other concerts through to the late 1880s.

In 1854 he printed 1000 copies of the Rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society at his own expense.

In October 1856, as "W. H. Williams, Music and General Printer, 94 Bourke Street East, Melbourne", he issued Walter Bonwick's new ballad The Irish peasant girl ("sung with great applause by Madame Anna Bishop") published "for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum". Possibly predating it slightly was George L. Allan's A collection of thirty standard psalm tunes in vocal score, probably printed for use by Allan's singing classes.

In 1856 Williams began printing George Slater's The Illustrated Journal of Australasia, the second volume of which (January to June 1857) featured monthly music supplements, including new songs by Stephen Massett, Sidney Nelson, George Tolhurst, William Tolhurst, and Walter Bonwick. Williams collected and reprinted these later as toward the end of the same later in Williams's Australian musical annual and Australian sketch book for 1858. Also in 1858 he published Bonwick and George Weinritter's Thirty-three easy songs. Williams also printed music for other publihsers.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1855), 7

"MUSIC TYPE", The Age (22 September 1856), 3 

Mr. W. H. Williams, printer, of Bourke-street east, has just issued a small collection of tunes for the use of the Congregational Psalmody Class, at present conducted by Mr. A. Brunton, at Dr. Cairns' Church, Eastern Hill. The production is exceedingly creditable to Mr. Williams, and, if we are not mistaken, will go far towards inducing persons deterred, by expense of the ordinary process of printing from plates or from the stone, to adopt the principle of copper types in making their musical efforts known to the world. Mr. Williams is the first to introduce this ingenious appliance into the colony, and he deserves support as a reward for his enterprise.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 October 1856), 8

"THE VICTORIA INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION", The Age (29 November 1856), 3 

TYPOGRAPHY. This department is not very notable. The best examples of book work are contributed by Mr. W. H. Williams, of Bourke street, and Mr. Fairfax, of Collins street. Mr Williams, also exhibits show cards in colors and bronzes, and a very creditable collection of psalm tunes printed in music type, which Mr. Williams was the first to introduce into the colony.

[Advertisement]: "MUSIC: WILLIAMS'S AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL ANNUAL. 10 pieces . . .", The Argus (14 September 1858), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 January 1860), 5 

. . . The principal vocalists who appeared at the Society's concerts during the year [1859] were: - Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Edward Hancock, Mrs. Goodliffe, Mrs. Ellis, Miss Macarthy, Madame Sara Flower, Miss Georgina Macarthy, Mr. Radcliffe, Mr. Ewart, Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. Donaldson, Mr. Farquharson, Monsieur Coulon, Mr. Angus, Mr. Blanchard . . .

 [Advertisement], The Argus (23 March 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (1 October 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1865), 8

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 December 1869), 5 

At the Duke of Edinburgh Theatre last night, one of the most brilliant and numerous audiences of the season assembled to witness the chamber performance of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl," by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society . . . the tenor singers were Messrs. C. A. Donaldson and W. H. Williams, who took the parts of Thaddeus and Florenstein . . .

"ILLEGAL PUBLICATION OF A NEWSPAPER", The Argus (10 January 1877), 6 

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (11 August 1886), 6 

There was a great attendance in the Town hall last night, when their second concert for the present season was given by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society . . . Mendelssohn's oratorio, "Elijah," was the work chosen for performance . . . The additional voices required for the double quartet "For He shall give," the quartets "Holy, Holy," and "O, come every one," and the lines allotted to the part of Ahab, were very well supplied by Miss Smith, Miss Curtis, Mr W. Jumper, and Mr. W. H. Williams. Mr. E. King was the principal violinist, and Mr. G. Peake the honorary organist. This was the 207th concert given by the society since its foundation . . .

"AN ALLEGED LIBEL", The Age (15 July 1893), 10 

. . . William Henry Williams, printer, stated he assisted in the tenor solos, and backed up the chorus whenever he thought it was required. He regarded the criticism in The Age as most venomous and uncalled for. It was not a fair, criticism. Dr. Summers conducted the oratorio correctly. "Wagging" was used to turn "waving" a baton or beating time into ridicule. If a man aimlessly wagged a baton he ought to go to Pentridge; he would not be able to conduct music at all. Cross-examined: He was a witness against The Age in a former libel action . . .

"A MISTAKE", Geelong Advertiser (19 February 1906), 4 

"When death is so busy in our midst it does not seem worth while to represent as dead gentlemen who are still with us. This is what has happened to Mr. W. H. Williams, who, like Mark Twain and many others more or less known to fame, has had the pain or pleasure of reading his obituary paragraph. Mr. Williams, whose publishing experiences go back to the fifties, has taken a prominent part in musical matters, and sang at the old Charley Napier in Ballarat in the fifties, and at many other places. The fact that another musical Williams died recently may have led to the supposition that W. H. had gone. Although he had a rather severe illness last year, he seems to have quite got over it, and was very much alive when seen to-day.

"TWO RIBS BROKEN", The Argus (2 June 1908), 6 

"SERIOUS ACCIDENT", Bendigo Advertiser (2 June 1908), 6 

Mr. W. H. Williams, the veteran printer and journalist, while on the way from his home in Pleasant-road, Armadale, to the Toorak railway station this morning, was knocked down by a wood cart . . . Mr. Williams . . . is 78 years of age . . .

"News and Notes", South Bourke and Mornington Journal (15 December 1910), 2 

Mr. W. H. Williams, one of Melbourne's oldest journalists, died last week at the age of 79. He was a colonist of nearly 60 years, and was prominent in the earlier journalistic and social life of Melbourne. He was a vocalist of no mean repute, and will be remembered by the earlier generation of Melbourne and its environs.

"Early Melbourne Liked Music: Record of the Philharmonic Society", The Argus (17 August 1946), 17

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954


Clarionettist, clarinet player

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850 (? 1893)


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (6 November 1893), 7



Actors, vocalists, entertainers

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1856


"EUROPEAN MUSIC-HALL", The Argus (25 February 1856), 5 

We perceive by an announcement in another column that Mr. Ellis opens this establishment this evening with a talented professional company, including Mr. and Mrs.Williamson, two of the best and most classical comic vocalists and character singers that have appeared in our time in England. We are informed that Mr. Ellis intends carrying on his establishment upon the same principle that has proved so successful in London, and in the larger provincial cities and towns of England and Scotland. In these establishments, several of them being immense in size and elegant in their arrangements, some two or three thousand people may be frequently seen enjoying the delights of music at a nominal rate of admission, at the same time that the most perfect order is maintained. The European Music-Hall will certainly commence with strong attractions, Mr. and Mrs. G. Williamson being a host in themselves. These talented artistes arrived in this colony a fortnight since, and will make their first appearance this evening.

WILLIAMSON, James Cassius

Theatrical and operatic manager (NLA persistent identifier)



Professor of dancing, dancer, actor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 August 1832 (free per Red Rover, from Cork, 10 April)
Married Joseph Shortland WILLIAMSON, St. James, Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1858 TROVE public tag)

WILLIAMSON, Joseph Shortland

? Vocalist

Born NSW, 1808
Active Sydney, NSW, 1830s

WILLIAMSON, Olivia (Miss VEILBURN; Mademoiselle OLIVIA; Mrs. John LEE)

Dancer, actor

Born Sydney NSW, 25 March 1840
Died Sydney, NSW, 1913


Jane Williamson, previously well known in Sydney as a dancing instructor, adopted the stage name of Madame Veilburn in August 1840. In October she gave "for the first time in this Colony, the Scarf and Wreath Dance". Her co-artist is referred to as her pupil and niece. She late worked in Melbourne, Adelaide and Geelong, and was last billed as appearing in Bathurst in June 1854. For a fuller summary of her career, under various names, see this article posted by Don and Ian Wilkey:


"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 August 1834), 3

Mrs. Bird gave her first Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Pulteney Hotel, and was patronised by about 100 persons of respectability, among whom we observed Potter M'Queen, Esq. Captain Lambert, R. N., James Laidley, Esq. D. C. G. &c. &c. We have not space for a long critique of the Concert, but the public may form an idea of the quality of the performances when we state, that Mesdames Paul and Bird, and Messrs. Clark, Paul, Williamson, Simmons, &c. were the vocalists; Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Josephson, &c. &c. the musicians; accompanied with the assistance of some of the military band; leader, Mr. Lewis. We are happy to see the Public so liberal in their support to all institutions of this description. Mrs. Bird, we hear, intends giving a series of Concerts, in which she has our best wishes.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 April 1835), 2

SIR, I have left it up to the present time for at least a better judge or more able pen to do justice to Mrs. Williamson's juvenile ball of Monday evening last: to merely say it was a juvenile party would be but commonplace. I have been at juvenile parties in England, as also here, and can assure you, Mrs. W.'s equalled any I have seen in the mother country, Ireland not excepted, and surpassing any thing of the kind ever seen in this colony - the dancing being of that chaste and fashionable style which is most pleasing to the eye, and is seldom seen but among the first circles of society. The elegance and variety of waltzes, quadrilles, minuets, gavotes, gallopedes, &c, danced on the occasion, by the whole of the pupils, did justice to the superior tact and talent of the lady under whose tuition they have been. The room was tastefully decorated, and well lit up. If I may judge by my own feelings, I am sure all who were present on the occasion must have been highly gratified. The attendance of part of the 17th band added much to the enlivening scene. Thus you see Australia is advancing. VERITAS.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 January 1836), 1

[News; 2 items], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 July 1836), 2

Balls and races are the order of the day. A Subscription Ball is talked of. Campbell Town Races are proposed. Mr. Wallace's next Concert is fixed for Wednesday night, and we perceive that Mrs. Williamson, the only accomplished female professor of dancing in Sydney, is about to "astonish the natives" in the course of the present month with a brilliant Ridotto or bal masque . . .

FROM A CORRESPONDENT. Mrs. Williamson has intimated her intention of giving a fancy ball in the saloon of the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday, the 20th instant. Our old respected colonist, Captain Piper, is the patron on the occasion. As this is the first public attempt at an entertainment of the kind, Mrs. W., it is to be hoped, will meet with every success, it being a fascinating and innocent amusement when conducted in a manner respectable and select. The excellent band of the 4th Regiment will be in attendance in the ball room.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (20 July 1836), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (23 January 1838), 1

[News], The Australian (11 September 1838), 2

We understand that Lady Gipps attended at Mrs. Williamson's Dancing Academy on Wednesday last, and expressed herself highly delighted with the proficiency of the young ladies in that graceful accomplishment.

[News], Colonial Times (22 May 1838), 5

[Advertisement], The Colonist (18 August 1840), 3

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 October 1840), 3

"POLICE COURT", South Australian Register (1 November 1848), 3

James Carroll, charged with feloniously assaulting with intent to inflict a grievous bodily harm Jane Penner known professionally as Madame Veilburn, and mistress of the mysteries of the Adelaide Theatre. On the information being read, His Worship, addressing Mrs Penner, said, The prisoner has been apprehended on a warrant, issued in consequence of the complaint which you swore to, a few days ago . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (17 June 1854), 3


B. H. Fletcher, "Williamson, James (1758-1826)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Don and Ian Wilkey, "Madame Adele Veilburn (c1813-1858)", posted at Australharmony, 26 April 2016


Orchestral cellist (Sydney University Musical Festival)

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

WILLIMOFF, Julian Emil de

Violinist, orchestra leader

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 3 November 1883 (per Gabo, from London, 7 September)
Died (? suicide) Sydney, NSW, 1907


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (5 November 1883), 8

"FOOTLIGHT FLASHES", Observer (24 November 1883), 15

Another violinist has arrived in Melbourne, Julian de Willimoff. He was formerly conductor for Soldene's Opera Company.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 July 1884), 1

"GRAND CONCERT IN THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION BUILDING", South Australian Register (15 August 1884), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1887), 2

First Appearance in Sydney of CARON'S STRING QUARTETTE. First Violin, Mons, de Willmoff; Second Violin, Mr. White; 'Cello, Mr. Summerhayes; Viola, Mons. Leon Caron.

"SATURDAY'S POPULAR CONCERT", The Advertiser (12 June 1893), 6

More than usual interest was centred in the first appearance in Adelaide as a solo violinist of Herr J. de Willimoff, the conductor of the Theatre Royal orchestra. Herr Willimoff was for some years resident in Sydney, and his performance on Saturday night showed that the reputation which preceded him was in no wise exaggerated, his opening solo, the famous "Andante and finale" from Mendelssohn's "Concerto" being played with such artistic grace and finished execution as to evoke a perfect storm of applause. Herr Willimoff used a violin made by Herr Fiebig, of this city, the tone and quality of the instrument coming as a surprise . . .

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (19 June 1893), 4


"Mons. Willimoff", Observer (27 October 1894), 15

"THE RAND CASE", South Australian Register (5 April 1895), 6

"MUSICIAN COMMITTED FOR TRIAL", Evening News (17 May 1907), 5

An elderly Frenchman named Julian Emil Willlmoff was charged at the Water Police Court this morning with converting to his own use a violin valued at £100, the property of Francis Robert Peel . . . a violin teacher . . .

Willimoff was subsequently sentenced to 12 months, with hard labor, in Goulburn Gaol.

"A Well-known Violinist. CONVICTED OF THEFT", Evening News (5 June 1907), 5

"PARS ABOUT PEOPLE", Observer (22 June 1907), 4

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1908), 6

WILLIS, Mrs. Frederick (Mrs. F. WILLIS)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by June 1849
Active Sydney, NSW, ? until January 1852

WILLIS, Thomas Charles (Mr. WILLIS; Mr. T. WILLIS)

Actor, vocalist

Born NSW, c.1828 (son of Thomas WILLIS, merchant of Sydney)
Active Sydney, NSW, by June 1849
Married Alice KINLYSIDE, St. Philip's, Sydney, NSW, 5 August 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 October 1853, in his "26th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Thomas Willis, son of Sydney merchant Thomas Willis, made his first stage appearance in June 1849. At around the same time Mrs. Frederick Willis also joined the company at Sydney's Victoria Theatre (her husband also occasionally appeared), but it is as yet uncertain whether, or how, they were related. Both were principally actors, but were occasionally billed as singing songs.

Thomas also appeared occasionally in ballad operas - including Maritana (Alcade, 1850), Masaniello (Lorenzo, 1851), Guy Mannering (title role, 1852), Norma (Flavius, 1852), The daughter of St. Mark (Strozzi, 1852), Der Freischutz (prince Ottacar, 1853), Love in a village (Eustace, 1853), and The Bohemian girl (Florestein, 1853) - though I have yet found no description of his singing.


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1849), 2 

. . . THIS EVENING, JUNE 18 . . . Mr. Willis, his first appearance here . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1850), 2 


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1850), 2 

MR. AND MRS. ROGERS' BENEFIT, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 13 . . . A Normandy Clog Dance, by Mrs. F. Willis . . .

"MARRIED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 August 1850), 3 

On Monday last, at St. Philip's Church, by the Reverend Archdeacon Cowper, Thomas Willis, Esq., Member of the Sydney Corps of Thespians, eldest son of Thomas Willis, Esq., merchant of this town, to Alice, eldest daughter of John Kingliside, Esq., of Ashfield, near Sydney.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1850), 2 

THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 1, WILL be presented the Drama entitled THE STRANGER; OR, MISANTHROPY AND REPENTANCE . . . Claudine, Mrs. F. Willis. In the course of the piece, Mrs. F. Willis will sing the original songs of "To welcome Mirth and Harmless Glee," and "I have a Silent Sorrow Here" . . .

"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (5 April 1851), 2 

This Evening, April 3, 1851 . . . Song (in character) Mr T. Willis.

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (13 September 1851), 3 

Our usual criticism bas been this week somewhat delayed, and this, proceeding from various causes, we havo to apoligise for. In the well-known operatic drama, Rob Roy, Miss Sara Flower appeared as Lady Diana Vernon, and Madame Carandini as Francis Osbaldistone. The piece was spiritedly performed, and deservedly successful . . . Rashleigh Osbaldistone received full justice at the hands of Mr. Willis. As a native of the colony and a very young performer, this gentleman is an object to us of uncommon interest, and convinced as we are that he possesses considerable talents, we have little doubt of seeing him yet occupy an eminent place in his profession. All will depend on himself, and that more immediately on study, the most industrious and the most untiring and a careful avoidance of the mere play acting style of performing . . .


"DIED", Empire (3 October 1843), 2 

At his residence, Clarence-street, yesterday morning, after a short illness, Mr. Thomas Willis (late of the Royal Victoria Theatre), in the twenty-sixth year of his age.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1854), 4 

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (2 July 1911), 12 

. . . In 1853 Mr. and Mrs. James Stark came to Sydney, under engagement to Mr. John Gordon Griffiths. Amongst the company engaged to support the stars was a young Sydney native, Thomas Willis, who is spoken of as a Juvenile actor of great ability. He had been, in fact, a pupil of Nesbitt, and profited by his master's tuition. Willis had a great affection for Nesbitt. The latter had gone to California in the early exodus of 1849, and was more or less successful . . . Young Willis had heard how his friend Nesbitt had been treated in San Francisco, and, believing that the Starts had instigated the opposition in 'Frisco to Nesbitt, savagely assailed Mr. Stark on the stage, in the presence of the company . . . For this grave offence, Willis liad to leave the company . . . Willis did not long survive his friend Nesbitt. He died a few months after his vindication of his friend, Nesbitt McCron . . .

WILLMORE, Henrietta = MALLALIEU, Henrietta (Madame MALLALIEU)

WILLMORE, Walter Graham


Arrived Brisbane, QLD, 1878


[News], The Brisbane Courier (30 October 1878), 2

The newly-appointed organist of All Saints' Church, Mr. W. G. Willmore, who arrived by the Largs, entered upon his duties on Sunday last. We are informed that Mr. Willmore acted as organist at the Philadelphia Exhibition. He has been a pupil of Sir George Cooper, organist and choir master of her Majesty's Chapel Royal, St. James', and is well known to Mr. Henry Smart, Berthold Tours, and other eminent London professors.

"SUPREME COURT", The Brisbane Courier (5 June 1900), 7

Willmore v. Willmore. Mr. Woolcock (instructed by Messrs. W. H. Wilson and Hemming) made an application for alimony pending an action for alimony commenced by Henrietta Willmore against Walter Graham Willmore, organist. The plaintiff stated that since 24th July, 1896, she had only earned sums amounting to £20 in her profession as an organist and professor of music, and her income since that date was only £110, from property at Toowong. The sum of £118 had been received by her from defendant since 16th March, 1897. It was asserted that she was without means of livelihood for herself and daughter, and that her husband was possessed of property, and for the purpose of proving this evidence was called.

"PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT", The World's News (5 April 1933), 7

The only survivor of the Chapel Royal choir which sang at the wedding of King Edward and Queen Alexandra at Windsor in 1863 is believed to be Mr. Walter Willmore, who now lives in Victoria, British Columbia. Mr. Willmore sang the solo in the anthem at the wedding.


Vocalist, concert singer, ? theatre singer

Active Melbourne, Geelong, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), c. 1848


? [Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (28 November 1848), 2 

THEATRE ROYAL, GEELONG . . . On WEDNESDAY, November 29, 1848 . . . Aria, "Cease thus to palpitate" - Mrs. Batters; SONG - MR. WILSON . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (28 October 1848), 3 

"CONCERT", The Argus (31 October 1848), 2 

On Thursday next a concert will be given in the Total Abstinence Hall, Russell-street, under the patronage of his Worship the Mayor, for the benefit of Mr. Wilson, a singer of some celebrity, who has assisted at most of the concerts lately given in Melbourne. A Miss Julia, recently from Edinburgh, will appear for the first time before an Australian audience, supported by Mr. Fitzgerald.

? "THEATRE ROYAL", Geelong Advertiser (28 December 1848), 2 

. . . We have just one word with Mr. Wilson: he is a beautiful ballad singer, and his songs are always encored - most deservedly so too. His voice has a melody, and his expression a depth, that goes to the hearts of his hearers; but why will he persist in perpetually thrusting forth his hand, as if he were singing the "Steam Arm," and trying to suit the action to the words or as if, ever and anon, attempting to shake hands with somebody or everybody in the pit. The beauty of some of his best ballads, "Jessy of the Dale," and "Alice Gray," for instance, are almost marred by the awkward, ungraceful movements of his arms. This hint, should, we think, be sufficient for him to understand.



Active NSW, 1861


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1861), 14

Musical works:

The Australian Volunteer galop ("composed and dedicated to the volunteers of Australia by Miss E. C. Wilson") (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [1861]) 

The Gocup polka mazurka ("composed and dedicated to Mrs. Archer Broughton by [Miss] E. C. Wilson") (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [? c.1861]) 

Note: Mrs. Archer Broughton lived at Gocup, near Tumut, NSW, c.1860

WILSON, Mr. (? initials variously given, F. WILSON, and ? I. H. P. WILSON, or H. P. WILSON)

Musician (? violinist), leader of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-38, and see also below (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to The Herald, a "swellish sort of chap", called John Wilson was arrested on a Sunday morning in March 1833 "having been found, during Church hours, practicing some of Mr. Cavendish de Castells's new steps". Perhaps this was John Thomas Wilson, of Sydney theatre, partner of actor-singer Maria Taylor, and later certainly, if not this early, a friend of Cavendish.

What relationship if any that Wilson bears to this musician is unclear. John Lhotsky first reported in April 1833, that "Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, Cavendish, F. Wilson, &c. are connected with the institution of the Philharmonic Society". If the initial F. is accurately reported Wilson could perhaps be Felix Wilson, of the merchant step-brothers Messrs C. and F. Wilson of George-street.

Perhaps it is also possible, however, that Wilson the musician was a relative of Barnett Levey's wife, Sarah Emma Wilson, and also, therefore, related to Joshua Josephson.

At a concert in August 1834 it was reported that:

A Quintette for two violins, tenor, flute, and violincello, by Messrs. Wilson, Sippe, Josephson, Lewis, and another performer whose name we have not heard, was received with much applause.

At Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835, the Australian was:

indebted . . . to Messrs. Stubbs and Wilson for the pleasure their masterly style of playing afforded.

Again in concert in July 1836:

The quintette by Messrs. Wilson, Stubbs, Deane, and two Master Deanes, was very well performed, but too lengthy.

Wilson was also one of the leaders of the theatrical band, as early as October 1834, when for a pantomime called The demon; or, The magic rose, it was advertised:

The Music by Messrs. Sippe and Wilson.

Still working alongside George Sippe, in October 1836, for instance, Wilson was "Leader of the Orchestra" at the Theatre Royal.

After a period during which John Philip Deane had led the theatre band, in December 1837, the Gazette reported:

Messrs. Sippe and Wilson . . . are engaged to conduct the orchestra for the ensuing season. If this be true, it will be quite enough to damn the Theatre to all intents and purposes. After the able manner in which Mr. Deane and his talented family have conducted this department, the play-going public will never tolerate Messrs. Sippe and Wilson as their substitutes. A more injudicious arrangement could not have been devised."

Again, in October 1838, for the Victoria Theatre, the Gazette reported that George Peck:

. . . is engaged as leader, and Wilson and Sippe added to the strength of the orchestra, while Dean[e] and his talented boys are excluded.


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY IN SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 April 1833), 3

To the Editor of the Sydney Gazette. Sir, As Sciences and Arts are so closely connected, I feel much pleasure in acquainting the public, through your respected journal, that a society of the above description has been formed in our town. A locale has been hired, and the preparations have advanced so far, that in a month or six weeks friends may be admitted to witness the proceedings of the society. We must apologise, when, in the hurry of other occupations, we might pass over names, more or less connected with the society; but when we find that Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, Cavendish, F. Wilson, &c. are connected with the institution of the Philharmonic Society, we congratulate the lovers of musical science upon this opportunity to improve the minds of our fellow citizens. Dr. J. L. [John Lhotsky]

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1834), 1

"Police Office", The Sydney Monitor (13 December 1834), 3

"MR STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2


"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3

Sir, We the undersigned, beg leave to contradict a paragraph in your paper of Thursday last, stating that we seceded from the Theatre in consequence oi wanting an increase of salary. We beg to state in contradiction, that the following was the case, viz:- the late Proprietors allowed us the privilege of entering the house, when not required in the orchestra, and on the evening of Monday the 20th ult. we were refused admittance, by order of the present Proprietors. This was the only reason for our seceding from the Theatre. I. H. P. WILSON. GEORGE SIPPE. Castlereagh Street, May 1, 1835.

"To the editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 June 1836), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (11 July 1836), 3

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1837), 2

"The Theatre Royal", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 March 1838), 3

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (18 April 1838), 1 

MR. WILSON, late Leader of the Orchestra at the Theatre Royal, George-street, having a few leisure hours, would be happy to devote that time to a few Pupils who might wish to receive Lessons on the Violin. For terms and other particulars enquire at Mr. Thornton's, Upholsterer, Hart's Buildings, Pitt-street, any morning before ten o'clock.

"Victoria Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 October 1838), 2

On Felix Wilson (c.1802-1865)

Felix Wilson, born c.1802, arrived free on the Experiment in 1804 with his father Caleb, a merchant. By the 1830s, Caleb and Felix Wilson were in business together as importers and merchants, operating out of premises in George Street. He married Esther Holt in 1833.

"DEATH OF AN OLD COLONIST", Empire (25 September 1865), 4 



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842-48, and see also above


Perhaps this Wilson is the same musician as the above. If so, regarding the possible identification with Felix Wilson, it is interesting to note that Felix was declared insolvent in 1842, the year that our Wilson returns to the musical record, as one of the instrumentalists who played in John Philip Deane's concert in September 1842 (nevertheless, see also John Wilson below).

Wilson was first violin at George Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844, and since several others in the band there were theatrical orchestra players, he may well have been a member of the theatre orchestra too. He is almost certainly the Mr. Wilson who, with John Edwards, played first violin for Isaac Nathan's "Australian Philharmonic" concert that same month. Again, he is perhaps also the Wilson who (? with Jonah Daniell) was reported at the Bachelors Ball at Windsor in June 1848:

The music, was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1845), 1

"WINDSOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 June 1848), 3

WILSON, Frederick Sydney

Amateur guitarist, author, songwriter, poet, short-story writer, Anglican priest

Born Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1839; baptised, St. Philip's, Sydney, 23 February 1840 (son of William Wilson, engraver) Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860
Died Dubbo, NSW, 25 March 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


An amateur guitarist who played in public (for instance, in October 1863), Wilson was also editor of the Illustrated Sydney News and a prolific author whose poems and stories (notably the serialised Woonoona: an Australian tale of the city and the bush, 1865-66), appeared regularly in the press in the 1860s. On of this earliest songs was the contrafactum Stars of the heavens, set to J. W. Cherry's tune Shells of the ocean (published in Sydney as Shells of ocean).

His lyrics were set by C. W. Harwood (Only of thee, love, 1864), and C. W. Rayner (The Australian stockman's song and There's no such word as fail, both 1868)


"STARS OF THE HEAVENS. AIR - SHELLS OF THE OCEAN", Empire (24 March 1860), 5 

"VOLUNTEER SONG", Empire (17 August 1860), 5 

"THERE'S NO SUCH WORD AS FAIL!", Empire (6 October 1860), 5 

"SOMETHING TO LOVE! Ballad, by F. S. Wilson", The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal (29 June 1861), 291 


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1863), 1

GRAND CONCERT. IN AID OF THE EARLY CLOSING MOVEMENT . . . Solo Guitar - "The Spanish Retreat", Weber - Mr. F. S. WILSON, Amateur . . .

"CELEBRATION OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1864), 5

"ONLY OF THEE, LOVE!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (30 July 1864), 2 

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (1 August 1864), 4

"New Song", The Sydney Morning Herald (9  May 1868), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1868), 4

"Colonial Extracts", Quenbeyan Age (15 August 1868), 3

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. AN AGRICULTURAL ODE", Illustrated Sydney News (13 May 1869), 10

"Flotsam and Jetsam: Songs of the Bush", The Queenslander (15 September 1894), 500

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF ARCHDEACON WILSON", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (27 March 1901), 2

"Death", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (3 April 1901), 3

Literary works:

Frederick Sydney Wilson, Australian songs and poems (Sydney: Gibbs, Shallard and Co., 1870)



Active Moruya, NSW, 1863


[Court reports] "SECOND DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1863), 5

Henry Wilson sworn: I am a musician, and live at Moruya, and sometimes at the Gulf, I played at a ball given at Moruya on the 27th May last, I saw the prisoner Sims on the following Saturday night between nine and twelve o'clock in the evening, at Mr. Flannigan's, at Shannon View, I was playing there.


Bandmaster, circus musician

Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1866


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1868), 1

INFORMATION required respecting a person named JED WILSON, formerly of San Francisco, California. When in Sydney he was Band Master for Wilson's Circus Troupe. Supposed to have died in the colony, about the Spring of 1866. Address to JOHN A. MATHEWS, Office, 55, New Pitt-street.

WILSON, John Thomas (? alias)

Amateur vocalist, "musical swindler", ? guitarist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-39 (NLA persistent identifier)


A successful Sydney business figure - ironmonger, property speculator, auctioneer - Wilson was a close friend and business associate of William Joseph Cavendish, and notoriously partner ("paramour") of actor-singer Maria Taylor. His theatrical associations may date from only shortly after he arrived in Sydney, when he was perhaps referred to the press in March 1833 as a:

. . . swell, John Wilson, of Sydney theatre . . . arrested on Sunday morning - having been found, during Church hours, practicing some of Mr. Cavendish de Castells's new steps

He and Taylor were subjects of a satirical song, The family man ("John Thomas was a Shropshire man . . ."), published in The Colonist on 31 March 1836.

Having run up huge debts in Sydney, he "bolted" in October 1839, and, despite many rumours circulating in the Sydney press well into 1841, nothing certain is known of his movements thereafter. Though his other musical interests (real or perhaps merely metaphorical) can only be surmised, a late notice (perhaps, though not certainly, of him), early in 1840, may suggest he sometimes accompanied Taylor on the guitar:

A musical swindler has lately bolted to New Zealand, guitar and all, leaving various creditors in the lurch. The credulity of the parties who have suffered considerably diminishes the pity which we should otherwise entertain for them. The runaway is said to have declared that he was going to make purchases of land in New Zealand. He will take very good care, we suspect, to forget Sydney, Oh no we never mention it, and will "strike the light guitar" in that land which, until very lately, has been in the strict sense of the word, the refuge for the destitute.


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3

"Original Poetry", The Colonist (31 March 1836), 7

"THE THEATRE", The Colonist (4 August 1836), 6

Lang 1837, 1, 434-447; especially 436-37

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (3 July 1839), 4 

Music and Musical Instruments.
MR. J. T. WILSON ANNOUNCES to the Musical World that he has been honoured with instructions to offer them by Public Auction, at his Rooms,
George-street, on THURSDAY, the 4th day of July, at Twelve o'clock, the undermentioned
VALUABLE COLLECTION of Music and Instruments the property of a Professional Gentleman proceeding to England: -
Violins and Tenors
Strings and Bridges
Pegs and Tail Pieces.
A well selected stock of SCARCE MUSIC, consisting of -
Pianoforte Music.
Music of various Operas, viz.: -
Der Freischutz
Beggar's Opera
Figaro, &c., &c.
After which, to close Accounts,
Two Grand Pianofortes
One mahogany Cottage ditto
Two rosewood Cabinet ditto, and
Four Square Pianos, all by first-rate makers
The whole of the above may be viewed after one o'clock on Wednesday. Terms at Sale.

? "DEPARTURES", The Colonist (4 September 1839), 2

"JOHN THOMAS WILSON - BOLTED", The Colonist (23 October 1839), 2

"John Thomas Wilson", Australasian Chronicle (25 October 1839), 3

[News], The Australian (26 October 1839), 2

[News], The Australian (29 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 November 1839), 3

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (27 December 1839), 4

"NEW SOUTH WALES", Southern Australian (2 January 1840), 4

"J. T. WILSON. To the Editor", The Sydney Herald (8 January 1840), 2

[News], The Australian (24 March 1840), 2

"JOHN THOMAS WILSON", The Sydney Herald (8 April 1840), 1 Supplement

"PORT PHILLIP", The Sydney Herald (3 October 1840), 2

"Original Correspondence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 October 1840), 3 

Bibliography and resources:

A. F. Pike, "Wilson, John Thomas (?-?)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Beedell 1992, 260-1, 267, 281-82, 291-96, 305


English concertina pupil (of Henry Witton)


Harmonium pupil (Witton)

WILSON, William

Flute pupil (Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

J. WILSON (English Concertina), Condell-st., Fitzroy . . . W. H. WILSON (Harmonium), Argyle-st. east, St. Kilda . . . WILLIAM WILSON (flute), George-st., Fitzroy. [pupils of Henry James Witton]



Died Sydney, NSW, 28 August 1852


"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1852), 3

"CORONER'S INQUESTS", Empire (1 September 1852), 2

An inquest was held yesterday at the Wellington inn, Parramatta-street, on view of the body of John Wilson then and there dead. Mary Parkinson, land-lady of the inn, stated that deceased was a musician, and had lodged at her inn during the last nine months. He had during the last fortnight complained of ill-health . . .


Professor of music

Active Ipswich, QLD, by 1862


"WEEKLY EPITOME", The Courier (18 January 1862), 2

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. MR. WILSON", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (10 July 1862), 3

"MUSICAL", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (18 October 1862), 2

"CONCERT", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (23 April 1863), 3

WILSON, Marmaduke Henry

Professor of music, pianist, composer

Born London, England, 9 June 1833; baptised St. James, Westminster, 14 April 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1858
Died East Maitland, NSW, 17 May 1871, "aged 36/37" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Youngest son of Maramduke Wilson (1869-1855), of Mayfair, he was a much younger half-brother of the London composer Marmaduke Charles Wilson (1796-1876)


"NEW MUSIC", The Era [London] (13 May 1849), 10

THE PARTING WORD. The Words by HUGH LORIMER, Esq. Music by MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON. Cramer, Beale, and Co., Regent-street. - An elegant ballad; the words easy and poetical; the music simple and pathetic. The symphonies and accompaniments are in excellent keeping with the theme, and display considerable tact in their arrangement.

"COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London Gazette (March 1855), 1166

"TO THE CREDITORS . . .", The Edinburgh Gazette (2 April 1858), 673

TO THE CREDITORS OF MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON, Professor of Music, residing in Balmoral Terrace, Kilmarnock. THE said Marmaduke Henry Wilson has presented a Petition to the sheriff of Ayrshire, praying to be discharged of all debts and obligations contracted by him, or for which he was liable at the date of his sequestration, on the 13th February 1858 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1858), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1859), 1 

GRAND SALOON, PIER HOTEL, MANLY BEACH. GRAND CONCERT or Classical and Popular Instrumental Music on WEDNESDAY, January 12, 1859. Artists.- Herr Wilhelm Carl Schmitt (solo violinist of Munich), Mr. Marmaduke Henry Wilson (of London, pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson, Lower Walmer). THE STEAMERS will run to and from MANLY BEACH before and after the CONCERT. Fare (including the concert), Four Shillings.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1859), 1

HERR W. CARL SCHMITT, of Munich, and Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON, of London, give their Grand CONCERT TO-NIGHT, at the PIER HOTEL, Manly Beach. Steamer will leave at 2.30 p.m. Admission, four shillings, fare there and back included.

"MUSIC", Empire (1 July 1859), 5 

At the Victoria Theatre, every evening, a novel feature is introduced, by the performance of some new music, being a set of waltzes, entitled, "L'Amour et L'Amitié," composed by Mr. Marmaduke H. Wilson, well known in London and Sydney as a composer, pianist, and teacher, of talent and ability. - The waltzes comprise three numbers - the second, "Friendship," has a very attractive but simple melody in E flat. No. 3 - the intertwining of "Love and Friendship," in which the melodies of the first and second parts are, by changing the keys, very effectively mingled, and some skilful modulations introduced.

"MR. JOHN DREW", Empire (17 August 1859), 8 

Amongst the list of passengers by the Telegraph, Captain Cottier, which left for Melbourne yesterday, the name of this genial actor will be found. He takes with him the good wishes of many hundreds of our citizens who have nightly been amused at his humorous personations of Hibernian character. . . . In the meantime Drew's numerous admirers may obtain a very appropriate souvenir of this "broth of a boy," - including his portrait as "the Irish Emigrant" looking for "Number farty-far," in the "Irish Emigrant Quadrilles," composed by the talented musician, Marmaduke H. Wilson, just published by J. R. Clarke, the music publisher.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1860), 8 

MARMADUKE Henry Wilson's new Schottische "Anniversary." Price 2s. 6d. H. MARSH and CO., or of the composer.

"MARRIAGE", The Newcastle Chronicle and Hunter River District News (10 April 1861), 2 

At Newcastle, on the 9th instant, by special license, by the Rev. James Nimmo, M.A., of St. Andrew's Church, Marmaduke Henry Wilson, musical composer and pianist, to Miss Margaret Teys, daughter of David Teys, Esq., Murrurrundi.

"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (12 January 1864), 93 

[2 Advertisements], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 September 1870), 4 

PIANOFORTE TUITION. NOTICE. MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON having so far recovered from his late severe indisposition, will resume his professional duties (D. V.) on MONDAY, October 3rd . . . Address Bleak Cottage, East Maitland.

JUST PUBLISHED, MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON'S "PEACH BLOSSOM WALTZES," Price 4s. To be had at R. BLAIR'S, H. PASKINS', or of the Composer. N.B. - Single Copies forwarded, post free, to all parts of the Colony on receipt of twenty-four 2d. stamps. - The music trade supplied on liberal terms. Bleak Cottage, East Maitland.


Thursday [second day of the Annual Agricultural and Horticultural Show] was a fine bright day, occasionally gloomed by clouds, and during the afternoon a brief shower fell. Far away in the west there was a heavy storm in the forenoon, but it did not come near the town It was holiday weather, and a large number of people made holiday accordingly, about three thousand visitors being on the ground. The publicans' and refreshment booths thrived well, and the man with the merry-go-round must have made a harvest out of the children. From the grand-stand the Volunteer Band sent forth at intervals its enlivening strains, which however were exchanged for the solemn tones of the " Gloria" as the funeral procession of the late Mr. Marmaduke Wilson came down Devonshire-street, and halted at St. Paul's Church. The incident induced not a few of the friends of the deceased to bestow a passing thought of regretful sadness upon one who was "a good fellow," well-liked by all who knew him.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1871), 1

"DEATHS", South London Chronicle [England] (12 August 1871), 6

On the 16th May, at Maitland, New South Wales, Marmaduke Wilson, youngest son of the late Marmaduke Wilson, of No. 28, Clarges-street, Mayfair.

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 September 1871), 2

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1871), 3

We observe that several friends of the late Mr. M. H. Wilson, in recognition of his talents as a musician, and his frequent gratuitous services in the cause of charity, have clubbed together, and have erected over his grave, in the St. Mary's Cemetery, Campbell's Hill, a very neat and appropriate headstone, from the atelier of Mr. Curran, and bearing the following inscription - "Erected to the memory of Marmaduke H. Wilson, Professor of Music, died 16th May, 1871, aged 37 years." - We also observed, in another part of the grounds a similar tribute paid by his friends, also by subscription, to the memory of the late Mr. R. W. Goodall.

Musical publications:

English printed works (in British Library)

The Castlerosse mazurka (London: At the Royal Musical Repository, [c.1840s])

The Ella polka (London, [1849])

Jeannie Deans (song begins: "Beneath the shade") (London, [1849]) [see also Australian edition]

The parting word (song begins: "I had my panting heart enslaved", written by H. Lorimer) (London, [1849])

Prince Turveytop quadrilles (London, [1857])

Australian: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Itinerant musician, strolling fiddler

Active Ararat, VIC, 1869


"DEGREDATION", The Ballarat Star (18 June 1869), 4

What a man may come to in Victoria received another illustration at the Ararat Police-court on Friday last. R. G. Wilson, a man shabbily dressed and generally in ill condition, was placed in the dock, charged with stealing a violin belonging to a " mate" with whom he had been tramping through the country as itinerant musicians. On Thursday these men dissolved their partnership and went "on the spree," and Wilson sold the instrument in question in the belief that he was authorised to do so by his comrade, but absorbed the proceeds himself. The police-magistrate dismissed him from custody, and almost immediately afterwards the two were together again "hob-nobbing" as usual. But the remarkable thing is that this man Wilson, whose manner indicates a better condition, should have descended to this vagabond life. Originally a surgeon, he subsequently became dispenser at the Melbourne Hospital, and now turns up as a strolling fiddler, living alternately upon the road and in the public-house, with no higher ambition than to get drunk as often as possible. - Ararat Advertiser.

WILSON, Thomas

Amateur musician, organ builder, solicitor, mayor of Adelaide

Born UK, 5 December 1787
Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1838 (per Duke of Roxburgh)
Died Kensington, SA, 31 March 1863 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE LATE MR. THOMAS WILSON", South Australian Register (7 April 1863), 2

Death has removed another old colonist - one who may well be ranked amongst the pilgrim fathers of South Australia, and remembered as one of the most active of our many citizens. Mr. Thomas Wilson, whore decease took place at the residence of his son, Mr. C. A. Wilson on Tuesday, 31st March, arrived in this colony in 1838. He was for many years partner in the firm of Smart and Wilson, solicitors, and at the time of his death was the oldest member of the legal profession in South Australia. . . .Music had in Mr. Wilson an enthusiastic student, and he attained considerable practical skill in organ-building. This was with him a favourite recreation at his town residence, and he there planned and named the Clarabella stop. As an author Mr. Wilson is favourably known to the literary world by his "Catalogue of an Amateur" and his "Illustrated Catalogue of the Works of Rembrandt;" also by his "Shakspeare Illustrated," which was valued at 1,000 guineas. In this colony he published several poems, remarkable for their sparkling imagery and polished versification. He was a keen but kindly observer of passing events, and, as a prose-writer, delighted in that good-natured satire which loves to play, not wound. We know that there are several unpublished compositions upon which Mr. Wilson expended considerable care and attention, Fortunately, he has left sons who are fully competent to collect and edit a complete issue of his literary works.

Bibliography and resources:

"Wilson, Thomas (1787-1863)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Thomas Wilson : miscellaneous articles and lectures [compiled by the National Gallery of Australia Research Library]

WILSON, Thomas Braidwood

Explorer, Inidgenous culture reporter

Born Scotland, 1792
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, May 1822 (on the Richmond)
Died Braidwood, NSW, 11 November 1843 (NLA persistent identifier)


Wilson 1835 contains several mentions of Indigenous and European dances and singing, imported songs (Jolly Dick the lamplighter song [Dibdin]), contact songs, music, fiddling (by the ship's fiddler), a musical snuff-box, and most notably the earliest European account of an ebero (dijeridu/didgeridoo) (104)


Wilson 1835, especially 211 (Jolly Dick), 104 and 319 (ebero) (104) (319)

Bibliography and resources:

Moyle 1981

WILSON, Thomas George (Thomas George WILSON; T. G. WILSON)

Amateur musician, music copyist

Born India, c. 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1840
Married Ellen Vaughan THOMPSON, NSW, 1845
Active Port Macquarie, NSW, c. 1865-72
Died Armidale, NSW, 1883


Thomas George Wilson, siary and dccount aook, 1865-72; Port Macquarie Historical Society, PMHS: WIL/1/1; Transcript of diary of Thomas George Wilson, Clifton, Port Macquarie 

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY, 20TH 1867 . . . Copied music for Mrs W. in the Evg. . . .

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY, 21ST 1867 . . . Copied music all the morning and made a music manuscript book for myself . . .

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27th 1867 . . . Mrs. W. & I did the mangling . . . sorted my newspapers and copied music . . .

THURSDAY 28TH February, 1867 . . . Copied music all the morg. feel disinclined to do anything else . . . Copying more music in Evening - & making me too disinclined to go to my room to read before going to bed. God forgive me! but I feel as if I was not fit to study his word - tired & sleepy & weary as I am.

THURSDAY 7TH MARCH, 1867 . . . Saw Misses Fraser - gave Miss Mary music for Louie Brown.

FRIDAY 29TH MARCH, 1867 . . . Drove in to Town with Perrott & Ellie - to dine with Dr Parsons & to hear Mr Meyrick (?) play on the organ - went to the church where he was performing, but did not like the idea of making the church a concert room: The audiences sitting in the pews talking on indifferent subjects - so left . . .

TUESDAY 4TH JUNE, 1867 . . . Webster out here tuning the piano - and remained the whole night fiddling. Had a house full, but plenty thank God for all.

FRIDAY 30TH AUGUST, 1867 . . . Went to old house - & got in - and walked off with the piano - belong. to Mrs. Day - George & Henry carrying it on a pole & I carrying the stool & gun.

SUNDAY 8TH SEPTEMBER, 1867 - 12 aft Trin[ity] . . . After bkfast (Roger having gone into his Sunday School) we made a start for Church, but had not got 200 yards before it came on - blowing quite a hurricane & very cold - so we turned back - and did not go to church all day - was tired & weary today - and felt a good deal of pain in my hand & arm. Roger read a sermon & chapter &prayer in Evg. Marie played "Rownans Oram" for us to sing "Rock of Ages" to - but no regular service. Very boisterous & wet all day.

WILSON, William

Music engraver, printer

Born UK, c.1792
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1828 (free per Arab, from London, 23 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 June 1867, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Wilson is connected with only two music prints. The first, advertised at New Year 1836, and in the chronology of colonial production next after Lhotsky's 1834 Song, is Thomas Stubbs's The minstrel waltz for 1836, no surviving copy of which has yet been identified.

The second print, much later, is Johah Daniell's La militaire quadrilles, of 1848, the titlepage of which is inscribed: "Wilson, York St."

He was the father of Frederick Sydney Wilson.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1828), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (1 January 1835), 8

"THE MINSTREL WALTZ", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1836), 3

Rarely have we been more truly gratified at any literary present, than by this unique New Year's Offering to the Muses. The composer of the piece is Mr. Thomas Stubbs. The artist who engraved and printed it is Mr. Wilson, of Hunter-Street, Sydney. We do not say too much when we set down this little work as a chef d'ouvre in its way, considered as a Colonial production, and the first thing of the kind yet published here. Did it not possess all the merit of composition and ingenuity that it does, we should still applaud it as opening a way for the fine arts into New South Wales, of which, the composer, Mr. Stubbs, is a Native, and the engraver a Colonist of some years. No lady in the Colony should be without "The Minstrel Waltz."

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1867), 1

On the 29th June, at his late residence, 394, Pitt-street South, Mr. WILLIAM WILSON, engraver, aged 75 years.


Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 243-44 (DIGITISED)

"William H. Wilson", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


WINBERRI, Young (Ner-rim-bin-uk; Nurmbinuck; Young Winberri)


Active VIC, c.1840

See NINGULABUL, Sons of old


? Singer

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (7 August 1838), 7

John Winch, who was recently sent to the House of Correction, as a rogue and vagabond, and on whom was found a hymn book, was now charged with stealing it, being the property of Mr. John Milward, from the Independent Chapel. It appeared in evidence, that prisoner had attended in the singing pew at that Chapel, and from whence he must have stolen the book. He admitted he had taken the book to practise with, at Brown's River, whilst his own was repairing; prior to this he had told another story about the book, which militated much against him, and he was fully committed for trial.


Musician, violinist

Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1890


"A VALUABLE VIOLIN. A LUCKY RECOGNITION", The Herald (19 August 1890), 2 

Mr. John Sheppard, well-known in Geelong and in this city, sued Mr John Windebank, a musician, of Fitzroy, in the District Court to-day, for the recovery of a violin. Complainant had gone into a violin repairing shop in Little Collins street a few days ago, and had recognised an instrument which he had taken to the same shop seven years ago to be repaired, but had never recovered. He instituted enquiry, and found that a man at East Melbourne had sold it to the defendant, who had taken it to be repaired.

Mr. Shuter then took the violin in hand, and the witness was told by Mr. Jones, the barrister appearing for him, to stop speaking for a minute or two, as his Worship was very much taken up with the fiddle.

Mr. Shuter : Taken up with it, Mr Jones! I should rather say I am. Why, this violin is one by Georg Klaz, of Munich, and was made in 1773. It is indeed a curiosity, When did you lose it, witness?

Witness; Ten years ago.

Mr. Shuter: What about the Statute of Limitations, Mr. Jones?

Mr. Jones : Oh! that does not apply to stolen property, Sir.

The witness then stated if a violinist took the instrument in hand, he could at once judge of its value by the tone. It was worth fully L20.

Hereupon Mr. J. Pennefather, who by the way enjoys a reputation as an amateur musician, took the violin in band, and strummed off a selection from Pinafore.

Mr. N. La Feuillade, the well known musician, recognised the violin as one on which he had played in Geelong many years ago. Twelve months ago he had seen it in the possession of an Italian boy, who was playing on it in front of an hotel in Little Collins street. He had offered the lad L3 for it, but the boy refused to part with the treasure. The witness doubted if there were two others of similar make and age in the colony.

Mr. George Roberts, another musician said that some people might value it 30s, while he appraised it at L1000. The defendant said he had bought it for L12 from a friend in East Melbourne about a fortnight ago. He was led to understand that it was given to the vendor's wife.

Mr. Jones said he was satisfied that Windebank was innocently possessed of this violin, but still the complainant was the owner of it.

The Bench ordered the violin to given up to the complainant, or instead the defendant to pay him L20, its value.

With a final fond strum across the strings, the defendant handed he fiddle to complainant, who danced out of Court with it.



"THE OLD VIOLIN", The Herald (5 February 1938), 36 


Contrabass player

Active Adelaide, SA, 1865


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 September 1865), 1

LYSTER'S ROYAL ITALIAN AND ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY . . . GRAND ORCHESTRA First Violins: Mr. JAMES, Mr. WHITE; Second Violins, Mr. PUTMAN. Mr. F. HYDECKER; Viola, Mr. JAGER; Violoncello, Mr. HART; Contra Bassos, Mr. BROWN. Mr. WINEBAR; Flute, Mr. CREED ROYAL; Clarionettes. Herr LUNDBORG. Mr. J. HYDECKER; Timpain [sic], Mr. BRODIE; Horns, Herr KOHLER, Mr. REDDETT; Cornet, Mr. SCHRAEDER

WINNEY, James Arthur (J. A. WINNEY)

Professor of music, music teacher, organist, journalist, newspaper editor

Born Mile End, London, 15 July 1856
Arrived Adelaide, SA, February 1880 (from London)
Married Millicent Wilson, West Maitland, NSW, 16 September 1884
Died Taree, NSW, 5 August 1943, aged 87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (10 March 1880), 3 

MR. J. A. WINNEY (Late organist of Bandon Hill Church, Surrey), BEGS to inform the inhabitants of Goulburn that he has been appointed Organist of St. Saviour's Pro-Cathedral, and in now prepared to Teach the Piano, Organ, and Harmonium; also Singing, Harmony, and Theory on the Tonic Sol Fa. Method. For terms apply J. A. WINNEY, care of S. H. Belcher Esq., Garroorigang.

"ST. ANDREW'S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH", Goulburn Herald (8 July 1882), 4 

"NEW ORGANIST OF THE WESLEYAN CHURCH", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 April 1883), 5 

[News], Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (12 May 1888), 8 

"Lower Clarence", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 June 1890), 4 

"An Old-time Clergyman", The Wingham Chronicle and Manning River Observer (20 October 1936), 4 

"MR. J. A. WINNEY", The Northern Champion (7 August 1943), 2 

"OBITUARY", The Northern Champion (11 August 1943), 2

"OBITUARY", The Manning River Times and Advocate for the Northern Coast Districts of New South Wales (11 August 1943), 4 

In our last issue we mentioned that the death had occurred in the M.R.D. Hospital on Thursday afternoon of Mr. James Arthur Wlnney, a very old resident of Taree, at the age of 87 years. He had that birthday on the 15th July . . . The late Mr. Winney was an Englishman, having been born in Middlesex. He received his musical education, and degrees at the Tonic Solfa College, London. As quite a young man, he emigrated to Australia with other members of his family and arrived in Adelaide in February, 1880. After remaining in that city for a time, he came to New South Wales, and was organist at the Church of England Cathedral at Goulburn for a considerable period. He next settled in Grafton, where he engaged in literary work, having been on the staff of a paper (now defunct) known as the "The Grip." From Grafton he moved to Kempsey, where he managed and edited the old "Macleay Herald," which also ceased to exist many years ago. Mr. Winney was also at Queanbeyan and Raymond Terrace before coming to the Manning over 30 years ago, when he settled down and spent the remainder of his life in this town. Here his chief occupation was the teaching of music and voice production, which he carried on until a few years ago. Incidentally, he did a little freelance journalism for the "Wingham Chronicle," and also assisted in that office when they were shorthanded. In the realm of music quite a number of his pupils competed, and some successfully, at the annual eisteddfods that used to be held in Taree in years gone by, before the advent of the widespread popularity of radio and "canned music." He also rendered assistance at times in the compilation of the eisteddfod syllabus, his knowledge being of considerable assistance to the committee. He was an organist of more than average ability and loved to be engaged thereat. The late Mr. Winney had a very likeable nature. Unkind words or thoughts never escaped his lips . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 2006, Supplement, 54

WINSTANLEY, Ann (Anne; Mrs. XIMENES; Mrs. Henry Cockburn Milne XIMENES)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born Wigan, Lancashire, England, 3 August 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 12 April 1849 (per John Calvin, for London)
Died ? Berkshire, England, 1908 (buried in Ximenes family vault) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Younger daughter of the Sydney theatre scene-painter William Winstanley (1788-1842) and his wife Elizabeth Finch (1795-1867), and sister of the leading actor Eliza Winstanley (later Mrs. O'Flaherty), Ann made her Sydney theatrical debut as a child with her sister at the Theatre Royal in October 1834. Her first concert appearances took place in 1837-38, having studied in the meantime with John Philip Deane, at whose concert is was probably she who appeared, incorrectly billed as Miss C. Winstanley, and reported as Miss E. Winstanley.

She appeared again for Eliza Wallace's concert in October 1838, and was increasingly regularly billed as a singer. In July 1841 she married Henry Ximenes, a Lieutenant of the 16th Regiment who arrived in the colony in 1840 having applied for discharge on the grounds of insolvency. Her appearance in a pants-role, as Florestein in Balfe's The Bohemian girl in July 1846 was especially noted. Her last appearance, before departing for England in March 1849, was as Lisa in Bellini's La sonnambula.


"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 November 1834), 2

The younger daughter of Mr. Winstanley also appeared on this occasion. She sang "Kate Kearney" very prettily - her voice has great capabilities, but she would be much more interesting with more of nature and less of art. In the above song, she had evidently taken Mrs. Taylor as her model, but what may be very excellent in that lady, would have a quite contrary effect in a child.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (22 April 1835), 2-3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (1 February 1837), 1

"CONCERT", The Australian (7 February 1837), 2

[Master Deane] also distinguished himself in two Duets with Miss E. Winstanley [recte ? Anne]. This young lady, as far as her tender age will allow an opinion to be formed, possesses great capabilities as a singer, and we have no doubt that under the able tuition of Mr. Deane (of whom she is at present a pupil), they will be brought into such celebration as to render her in time a most excellent singer.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (10 October 1838), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 October 1839), 2

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

"MRS. O'FLAHERTY'S (LATE MISS WINSTANLEY) BENEFIT", The Sydney Monitor (5 May 1841), 2

"INSOLVENT DEBTOR'S COURT", The Australian (11 May 1841), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (14 July 1841), 3

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1842), 2

"Theatricals", Bell's Life in Sydney (25 July 1846), 2

"MUSIC. To the Editors", Bell's Life in Sydney (31 July 1847), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1849), 2

"SELECTIONS FROM AUSTRALIAN POETS. No. O. MRS. XIMENES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 3 

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (13 April 1849), 2

"THE DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (31 March 1849), 3

"SELECTIONS FROM AUSTRALIAN POETS. No. O. MRS. XIMENES", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 April 1849), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 June 1867), 4


Artist, engraver, ? music engraver

Born Wigan, England, 8 February 1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Died Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1849 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"MUSIC", The Colonist (21 August 1839), 3 

We apologise for not having before acknowledged the receipt of two pieces of music from Mr. Ellard, of George-street. We understand that the getting up was principally managed by Mr. Winstanley, brother of the favourite and promising actress of that name. The execution does all parties concerned 'great credit, and we wish them success in a continuation of their publications.

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Ellard (music publisher)

Musical editions:

The lancers' quadrilles (Duval of Dublin's second set) . . . as danced at Almack's, London, to which is added a new waltz by Sig'r Spagnoletti, and the Stop waltz (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1839]) (DIGITISED)

We have lived and loved together, a ballad, by Henri Herz (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1839])


But compare US Edition (Boston: C. Bradle, [n.d.]) (DIGITISED)


Actor, occasional vocalist, dancer, novelist

Born Wigan, England, 1 September 1818
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Active from October 1834 (stage debut)
Married Henry Charles O'FLAHERTY, St. James's, Sydney, 6 February 1841
Departed Sydney, NSW, 12 April 1849 (per John Calvin, for London)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 1880
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 December 1882'Flaherty (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)


Though, unlike her younger sister Anne, Eliza Winstanley was not a singer by training and choice, she could and did sing on occasion when professionally required, notably in 1836 as Fatima in Blue Beard (music by Michael Kelly).

She married the musician Henry O'Flaherty, a member of the theatre orchestra, in 1841.

She was reportedly touring the USA in 1849-50.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 October 1834), 1

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 November 1834), 2

"Blue Beard", The Sydney Monitor (27 August 1836), 2

THOSE who have seen certain pieces performed in London, and afterwards see them here, witness the Colonial representation at a disadvantage. Thirty-two years ago we saw "Blue Beard" in the old Theatre of Drury-lane . . . The impression this gorgeous spectacle made, is well fixed in our memory . . . The music of "Blue Beard" has rarely been excelled for true harmony; that which touches the heart with out breaking in on the feelings by a vulgar mechanical-execution "of difficult passages." And the circumstance of "Blue Beard" being announced by our Sydney Thespians, as it has been, with a sort of pomp, and as a piece of unusual merit, shews, that there is in this Turkish Romance something unusually imposing. The first scene, in which the incomparable march called "Blue Beard's March" is introduced with a grand Turkish procession, was well managed; the new scene itself excellent. The charming duet between Fatima and Selim had to be omitted - for though Miss Winstanley can sing, Peat cannot . . . Miss Winstanley "would" have sung "When pensive" well, but for two things - first, she was frightened out of her wits, being a novice in singing in public; and next, she pronounced the words with too homely an accent. But for these faults, both easily remedied, she would have sung this beautiful air well. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (9 December 1836), 3

"ELIZA WINSTANLEY. THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN ACTRESS. (By MARGARET SWANN)", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (21 August 1931), 2

Literary works:

Shifting scenes in theatrical life by Eliza Winstanley, comedian (London: Routledge, Warne, & Routledge, 1859) (DIGITISED)

Shifting scenes in theatrical life by Eliza Winstanley, comedian . . . a new edition (London: Thomas Hailes Lacy, 1864) (DIGITISED)

For her natural life: a tale of the 1830s; serialised in Bow bells [London] (July to December 1876) 

Bibliography and resources:

N. M. Robinson, "O'Flaherty, Eliza (1818-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"William Winstanley", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Nance Irvine, Eliza! Eliza!: the biography of Eliza Winstanley, 1818-1882 (Canberra: Mulini Press, 1997)

Catriona Mills, Women at work on page and stage: the work of Eliza Winstanley (Ph.D Thesis, University of Queensland, 2008)

WINTER, Melchior (Melchor; Thomas William)

Tenor vocalist

Born Hereford, England, 28 October 1818
Arrived NZ, by 1869
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1872
Died Christchurch, NZ, 28 August 1920, aged 102


[Advertisement], The Economist (14 April 1860), 415

[Advertisement], New Zealand Herald (15 October 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1872), 8

[Advertisement], Press (10 April 1873), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1875), 12

"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (17 May 1875), 2

"THEATRE ROYAL", The South Australian Advertiser (9 April 1883), 5

"WINTER V. SIMONSEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1888), 9

[News], The Argus (7 April 1892), 4

"MADAME WINTER", Free Lance (6 February 1919), 4

"A CENTENARIAN ACTOR", Referee (19 November 1919), 9

"MELCHIOR WINTER, TOM SPRING'S SON", Referee (22 September 1920), 10

Mr. W. G. Atack, hon. secretary of the New Zealand Boxing Council, thoughtfully sends along the following information. The matter was referred to in the Referee a few weeks since. Mr. Atack gives additional particulars: "The Christchurch papers of August 30 contained the following death notice: Winter - August 28, 1920, at Christ church, Thomas William, in his 102nd year. Obituary notices dealt with the public career of the deceased, who, for many years, was well known in musical circles. He appeared on the platform as Melchior Winter, in operas and at concerts, both in Australia and New Zealand. After three years in the British Navy he left to take up music and singing, and made his debut at Bath in 1859. Shortly afterwards he left, for Australia. What was not mentioned in the obituary notices, possibly because it was only known to a comparatively few, was that Melchior Winter was the son of the old English champion, Tom Spring, whose name, as you know, was Thomas Winter, Spring being a name conferred on him in London, whither he went to seek fame and fortune in the ring. Tom Spring died on August 20, 1851, and if you turn up Pugilistica you will see it there mentioned that the chief mourner at his funeral was his only surviving son, Melchior Winter, the centenarian who has just passed away, a few weeks short of reaching his 102nd birthday.

WINTER, Robert George (Robert George WINTER; R. G. WINTER)

Piano manufacturer (formerly of Kirkmnan's, London)

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1865
Died Hobart, TAS, 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 March 1865), 1 

STANLEY, From C. Cadby's AND WINTER, From Kirkman's, LONDON, "PIANOFORTE MAKERS." STANLEY & WINTER BEG to inform the musical public of Tasmania that, having purchased the whole of the manufacturing plant belonging to the late Mr. John Williams, they are prepared to execute orders for the manufacture, repair, tuning, and regulating of all kinds of musical instruments. Orders received by Mrs. Williams, Liverpool-street; and at the manufactory, Elizabeth-street, opposite Burn's Auction Mart.


WINTERBOTTOM, John (1817-1897)

WINTERBOTTOM, Maria Margaret (Maria Margaret COZENS; Mrs. John WINTERBOTTOM)

WINTERBOTTOM, Frank Midwinter King (R.A.M.) (1861-1930)

WINTERBOTTOM, Charles (1866-1935; fl. Melbourne 1888-89)

See main page: 


WIRTH, John (senior) (Mons. WIRTH; Johannes; WERTH)

Musician, bandmaster, composer

Born Bavaria, 1834
Arrived VIC, 1855
Died Miller's Point, NSW, 10 July 1880, aged 46 years

WIRTH, Jacob

WIRTH, Philip Peter Jacob

Musician, circus performer and proprietor

Born Beechworth, VIC, 29 June 1864
Died Coogee, NSW, 29 August 1937

WIRTH, George

Musician, circus performer and proprietor

Born Sydney, NSW 30 July 1867
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 October 1941


Musician, bandmaster


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1856), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.- Mons. WIRTH'S celebrated band will attend, and play several favourite Overtures; PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.-The Victoria and Albert Polka, and MOUNT VESUVIUS QUADRILLES.

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (14 July 1860), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1867), 2

John Wirth was charged by Sarah Karst with having assaulted her. Complainant deposed that, on last Monday forenoon, she heard music opposite her house in Kent-street, and went to the window; defendant, one of the musicians, for some time made faces at her, in consequence whereof she took out a bucket of soap and water, told him to go away, and threw the water on his feet; he, with his clenched fist, struck her in the mouth with such force as to knock out two teeth; he next caught her by the shoulder, and with all his force throw her to the ground, and then went away. It appeared, on cross examination, that complainant's husband at one time played in the same band with the defendant, but at her request discontinued his connection with defendant. To pay a penalty of £3, or to be imprisoned one month. Sarah Karst was found guilty of having assaulted John Wirth, by throwing water upon him, as in her prosecution of Wirth she admitted having done, and was ordered to pay a penalty of 10s., or to be imprisoned twenty four hours.

"BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE . . . The Christmas races", Queensland Times (5 January 1869), 3

Mr. Wirth's brass band played a selection of lively tunes, and materially added to the gaiety of the day.

"WARWICK DISTRICT COURT", Warwick Examiner and Times (7 June 1873), 2

John Wirth, a bandmaster, deposed that he had maintained prisoner for two days before the ball, prisoner saying he had no money. Prisoner stated to the magistrates that he found the money outside the public house.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1880), 1

WIRTH. - July 10, John Wirth, musician, of 20, Bettington-street, Miller's Point, leaving a widow and large family to deplore their loss, aged 46.

"INDOOROOPILLY HARRIERS", The Brisbane Courier (1 October 1906), 6

Through the kindness of the president, the Bavarian Brass Band, under the conductorship of Mons. Karl Wirth, supplied enlivening music . . .

"THE WIRTH FORTUNE", The Maitland Daily Mercury (12 May 1913), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Philip Wirth, The life of Philip Wirth: a lifetime with an Australian circus (Coogee, NSW: P. Wirth, 1930)

. . . Before commencing the actual history of Wirths' Circus we must first go back to the early years of the second half of the Nineteenth Century, when continued bad luck as a prospector forced my father, John Wirth, Senior, reluctantly to abandon his search for gold and to commercialise his talent for entertaining others. He was naturally gifted as a musician and a composer, being able to play any musical instrument with great skill, and from the time when he commenced earning his living in this way, we can watch the gradual development of Wirths' World Famous Circus . . .

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Wirth, Philip Peter Jacob (1864-1937)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Wirth, George (1867-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Circus', Sydney Journal 3/1 (December 2010), 1-22

WISDOM, Robert

Songwriter, poet, journalist, politician

Born Blackburn, Lancashire, England, 31 January 1830
Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1834 (per Arab)
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 March 1888 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 December 1844), 3

"DEATH OF SIR ROBERT WISDOM", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1888), 11


"AUSTRALASIAN ANTHEM: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA", The Maitland Mercury (14 June 1851), 2

"AUSTRALIAN SONGS", Bathurst Free Press (25 October 1851), 2

"AUSTRALIAN ANTHEM. THE SUN OF AUSTRALIA", Empire (17 October 1854), 3


Bibliography and resources:

Elizabeth Guilford, "Wisdom, Robert (1830-1888)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

WISHART, Susannah (Susannah LAWSON; Mrs. James Taplin WISHART; Mrs. Nicholas PROCTOR)


Born c. 1835
Married James Taplin WISHART, SA, 1852
Active Adelaide, SA, early 1860s
Married Nicholas PROCTOR, SA, 1867 Died North Adelaide, by 10 November 1883, aged 48 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"LOCAL COURT - ADELAIDE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (6 June 1863), 7 

THURSDAY, JUNE 4. FULL JURISDICTION. [Before Mr. Commissioner Macdonald, and Mr. R. R. Turner, S.M.C.] JURY CASE. WlSHART V. PERYMAN. Action for slander. Mr. Andrews for the plaintiff and the Attorney-General for the defendant . . . Mr. Andrews then . . . addressed the Jury, stating that the defendant had circulated a slander in reference to the plaintiff, as follows:-

"Mr. Schmitt and Mr. Linly Norman both passed the night in the same bedroom with Mrs. Wishart at Koepke's Hotel, Gawler Town, and she is such an infamous character that I (Catherine [sic] Peryman) have refused to sing with her at concerts, and none of the lady singers will sing with her." Also, "that Mr. Walters saw Mrs. Wishart home from the Railway Station to Norwood, and passed the night with her," which the plaint was maliciously uttered to injure the plaintiff in her profession as a singer. Mr. Andrews explained to the Jury that the plaintiff was a young lady occupied as a public singer, and singing at concerts were the chief means by which public singers were supported. The plaintiff in that case was a widow, and having been deprived of her natural guardian, now sought the interference of the Jury for the infamous slander levelled at her by the defendant, because, having been deprived of the protection of her husband, if she did not get the support of the Jury she would be liable at any time to similar slanders by any one like the defendant, jealous of her professional attainments . . .

"MARRIED", The Express and Telegraph (5 August 1867), 2 

PROCTOR - WISHART. - On the 3rd of August, at the Unitarian Christian Church, by the Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A., Mr. Nicholas Proctor to Zannah, relict of the late Mr. Wishart.

"ALDINGA, DECEMBER 7", The South Australian Advertiser (10 December 1867), 3 

. . . At 8 o'clock, a miscellaneous concert came off in Mr. Butterworth's mill; this was to many the principal treat, but the length of my letter urges me not to go much further; suffice it to say, that several duets sung by Mrs. Proctor (formerly Mrs. Wishart) and Mr. Chapman were received with loud applause and rapturously encored, whilst Mr. Proctor's flute playing was deservedly admired and highly appreciated . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (26 July 1877), 4 

LAWSON. - On the 26th July, at the residence of his son-in-law, Nicholas Proctor, Gilles-street, Mr. John Ralph Lawson, aged 73 years.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 November 1883), 4 

PROCTOR. - At Hill-street, North Adelaide, Susannah, the beloved wife of Nicholas Proctor, aged 48 years.


Bandmaster (German Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1866
Died Annandale, NSW, 22 December 1888, in his 56th year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1866), 1

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (5 March 1868), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (24 October 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1872), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1873), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1874), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1880), 18

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1889), 4

Note: In Sydney in December 1871, Wissell already had on his band program the Pipele waltzes by Alberto Zelman, who was only recently arrived in Australia.


Amateur musician, convict

Arrived VDL, 1836
Died Launceston, TAS, 1883

Bibliography and resources: 

"AN IMPORTED ORGAN", The Mercury (23 June 1865), 3 

AN organ, imported to the order of, and constructed upon the design furnished by Mr. Witherington, Superintendent of the Brickfields Pauper Asylum, is an excellent sample from the manufactory of Messrs. King of London. It has been built up by Mr. Witherington, assisted by Mr. Vautin, a friend, and many amateur musicians have had the opportunity of testing the compass and power of the instrument. It is of C to G compass, has 528 pipes, and 56 notes, with the following stops, namely, stopped diapason, 8 ft., open ditto, 8 ft., flute 4 ft., dulciana 8 ft., principal 4 ft., fifteenth 2 ft., sesquialtera 3 ranks, bourdon 16 ft., two octaves with keys to pedals, and three composition pedals in general swell. The case is built of pine, which is tastefully grained and varnished. It has a gilded front, with castellated ornamenting, and appears to be fitted up in a superior manner. The organ is on a full church scale, and has plenty of power. Some of the solo stops are very superior. The compass and tones are remarkably good, and the bourdon is exceedingly clear. Great credit is due to the importer as designer, and the manufacturers. We understand that organs of similar style can be imported and built at the cost of £250.

"TOWN HALL ORGAN FUND", The Mercury (26 July 1867), 3 

WITTENOOM, John Burdett

Amateur musician, violoncello player

Born Newark, Nottinghamshire, England, 24 October 1788
Arrived Swan River, WA, 31 January 1830
Died Perth, WA, 23 January 1855 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SWAN RIVER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 April 1830), 2

"To the Editor", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (22 October 1836), 785

"MAGISTRATES COURT - PERTH", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (21 March 1840), 31

FEBRUARY 27. Before W. H. Mackie, and P. Brown, Esquires. James Manson, Esq., appeared to answer the complaint of the Rev. J. B. Wittenoom, that at a private party at the residence of W. Samson, Esq., he had received a kick when in the act of placing his bass-viol in the corner of the room, where the defendant was standing. Evidence was produced to establish the fact. Mr. Manson, in refutation of the charge, stated that when Mr. Wittenoom passed him with his violoncello, he (Mr. Manson) moved a chair to give him room, and the complainant then trod upon his toe, which, supposing it to have been wilfully done, the defendant immediately kicked his heel. Defendant was summarily convicted of the assault and battery, and fined 5L., to the use of her Majesty, and was adjudged to pay the constable's fees, amounting to five shillings, to be deducted out of the said fine.

[Advertisement], Inquirer (23 December 1846), 4

[Advertisement], Inquirer (3 February 1847), 2

[News], Inquirer (24 January 1855), 2

"Funeral of the late Colonial Chaplain", Inquirer (31 January 1855), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

. . . There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochee, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents . . .

"RECOLLECTIONS", The West Australian (19 October 1935), 7

AS Perth from its very earliest days has always been a musical and music loving people and still remains so, I think I ought to say something of their doings. There were some very fine musicians I have been told in those early days. Mrs. Luke Leake, senior, piano; Mrs. Hamersley, singing; the Rev. Wittenoom, cello, being among the foremost . . .

Bibliography and resources:

R. E. Cranfield, "Wittenoom, John Burdett (1788-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography2 (1967)

WITTON, Henry James (R.A.M.)

Professor of Music, composer, music and instrument retailer and repairer, band-master

Born ? England (son of Joseph WITTON of London) Convicted Bristol (7 years), 2 January 1832
Arrived Tasmania, 15 February 1833 (convict per Circassian, from Plymouth, 14 October 1832) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Found guilty of having obtained under false pretences musical instruments worth upward of £100, Witton was convicted at Bristol City Quarter Session for a term of 7 years on 2 January 1832, and transported per Circassian, for Van Diemen's Land.

He received a ticket of leave in June 1838, and on 13 November it was advertised that he was due to be given his certificate of freedom in January 1839, seven years to the day after his sentencing. Having meanwhile advertised in Hobart as a "musical instrument repairer, piano forte tuner, oboe, bassoon, and clarionet reed maker", with "two Piano Fortes, also a quantity of music for piano, flute, violin, violoncello, &c. &c." for sale, and claiming to be "A Pupil of the Royal Academy of Music" ready to "give Instructions in singing the Psalms of David"

On 14 November 1838 he allegedly forged and uttered a note for the sum of £5. Rearrested for this offence on 12 January 1839, on 11 February he was convicted in the Supreme Court to be transported for life to Norfolk Island.

Witton was extraordinarily fortunate to arrive there during the first months of Alexander Maconochie's commandantship, where he was well placed to benefit under the musical programs pursued by Maconochie and his assistant surgeon James Aquinas Reid, and as a result he was a leading participant (perhaps the leading participant) in the theatrical and musical performances there on the Queen's Birthday in May 1840. One of the songs he sang on that occasion, Old England for ever, may have been his own; for free again, in Sydney in 1846, he sent a printed copy of Old England I live but for you ("the poetry by F. Drake, Esq.; an officer late of H.M. Service; composed and arranged with accompaniments for the piano forte, by H. J. Witton, R.A.M.") for review by the Morning Chronicle.

Witton married in Sydney in August 1846, and he and his wife had moved to Adelaide by early 1847.

Concerts there in February and March 1847 included three of his compositions, My gallant bark (song), Heki's address to his country the evening before he was attacked by the British forces ("Song . . . Written and composed by H. J. Witton"), and The New Zealand chieftains' battle song ("Heki and Kawita"). He also formed and directed an Adelaide Town Band. He was in Melbourne from 1853, where in 1860 he advertised that he had been teaching music for 30 years. An advertisement taken out in Brisbane in 1862 reprinted a testimonial signed by nine of his Melbourne students, with their respective instruments.

Back in Melbourne in 1865, he advertised the impending publication of Witton's Twelve-lesson theory of music. His last known address was the Christian Israelite Sanctuary, Fitzroy, in 1866.

A Henry J. Witton died at Parramatta, NSW, in 1874.


Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1448217; CON27/1/6; CON27/1/6,247,197,F,60,232,56,C,43 

"Tickets of Leave", The Hobart Town Courier (1 June 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (13 November 1838), 3

Advertisement. HENRY WITTON, musical instrument repairer, piano forte tuner, oboe, bassoon, and clarionet reed maker, begs to acquaint the Public he has for sale two Piano Fortes, also a quantity of music for piano, flute, violin, violoncello, &c. &c. N.B. H. W. being about to proceed to Launceston in pursuit of his profession, a line addressed to him (post paid) from any party requiring his assistance on the route, on or before the 27th Instant, will be attended to. A Pupil of the Royal Academy of Music will give Instructions in singing the Psalms of David, according to the custom of the Established Churches of England and Scotland. 38 Murray-street, Hobart Town, 12th Nov. 1837 [sic]

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE", The Hobart Town Courier (28 December 1838), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. NORFOLK ISLAND", The Sydney Herald (24 June 1840), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Morning Chronicle (24 January 1846), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1846), 3

"A NORFOLK ISLANDER", Bell's Life in Sydney (17 October 1846), 3

Henry James Witton, who had recently emerged from a probation gang, wherein he had ruralized for two years, appeared at the suit of Mr. Benson, for the recovery of £4. Witton, who put on a Methodist-like demureness, was togged and gloved in the first style, quietly admitted the debt, bat required time for payment. This, Mr. Benson unequivocally refused to give, not, as he said, for the sake of the money, but from the manner in which he had been practised on by the defendant. "And not only me," added Mr. B., "but several other tradesmen; the luxurious manner in which he lives, keeping a servant and other etceteras, is really astonishing." Witton her stated calmly, that he was in expectation of a remittance from New Zealand and also from Hobart Town, and laying down his case, deliberately drew from his pocket book a letter, which he presented to the Commissioner, as a proof of the authenticity of his statement, but on which Mr. Benson looked with an eye of incredulity. Mr. Cheeke, after perusing the letter, returned it, observing, that he saw nothing therein from which he could conclude that the defendant was in the expectation of money; upon which the Norfolk Islander demurely replied, that he had brought with him the wrong letter; to which Mr. Benson, who felt considerably sore by the manner in which he had been practised on, assented, and a verdict was given in his favor. APROPOS! we would give anything reasonable to learn if this same Henry James Witton's residence is registered at the Police Office, by the Inspector of his district.

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Advertiser (14 September 1846), 2 

On the 14th August, at the Congregational Church, Pitt-street, Sydney, by the Rev. Dr. Ross, Mr. Henry James Witton, professor of music, of Sydney, to Eliza, eldest daughter of Nicholas Colwin, Esq., Actuary, Armagh Loan Fund, Ireland.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 February 1847), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 March 1847), 1

"POLICE COURT", South Australian (8 August 1848), 3

"RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", South Australian (20 October 1848), 1s

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 July 1849), 1

"PROFESSOR WITTON'S BAND", South Australian Register (26 December 1849), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 February 1850), 2

"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 1s

[3 advertisements], The Argus (22 August 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1859) 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1860), 3

"VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, 1861", The Argus (20 August 1861), 6

[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (9 February 1864), 4 

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 July 1865), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 July 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1866), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 January 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1867), 7

? "CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Sydney Mail (2 March 1867), 11 

WIVELL, Edward James

Professor of Dancing, photographer

Baptised St. Pancras London, England, 1833
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1863
Died Adelaide, SA, 16 December 1809 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 August 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1859), 8

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (27 July 1865), 6

"ASSEMBLY", South Australian Register (18 April 1867), 3

"CHARGES OF THEFT. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (19 November 1867), 2

"TALK ON THE FLAGS", South Australian Register (25 November 1867), 2

"ADELAIDE. LATE ROBERRIES", The Argus (22 November 1867), 5

"THE BALL-ROOM COMPANION", South Australian Register (10 May 1873), 5


E. J. Wivell, The ball room companion and pupil's self-help ([Adelaide]: [Author], [1873])

E. J. Wivell, The six square dances, or, fashionable quadrille (Adelaide : [E.J. Wivell], 1891)

Bibliography and resources:

"Edward James Wivell", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Brian Samuels, "Edward James Wivell (1833-1909) and his son Edmund Jerome Wivell, professors of dancing: a research note", Australian Folklore 21 (November 2006), 139-42 


WOLFF, Johann Wilhelm

Organ builder

Born Lehe, Germany, 1818
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1849 (immigrant per Pauline)
Died Malvern, SA, 11 July 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (after Maidment)

Wolff was a native of Lehe (Bremerhaven). He arrived in South Australia in 1849 with funds to invest in property. He was building organs locally from 1862 until 1880, producing as many as 22 Adelaide instruments, including St. Francis's Cathedral; St. Paul's, Pulteney Street; St. Luke's, Whitmore Square; Unitarian Church, Adelaide; Tynte Street Baptist Church, North Adelaide; Wesleyan Church, Norwood; and St. George's, Gawler. His organs were distinctive from those built by English builders, with unusual casework, pipework, action construction, layout and distinctive tonal design, an interesting amalgam of English and German stylistic characteristics.

Bibliography and resources:

John Maidment, "Orgelbauer und Orgeln aus Deutschland in Australien", Acta Organologica 29 (2006), 33-82

John Maidment, "St. Aloysius' Catholic Church, Balaclava Road, Caulfield, [organ] 1880 Johann Wolff for Wesleyan Church, Port Adelaide", OHTA (December 2010 & February 2011)


Amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856


"FESTIVAL OF SACRED MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1856), 5 

One of those entertainments which never fail to crowd the English music halls . . . is to be given at the New Musical Hall, Royal Hotel, to-morrow evening, by Mr. W. J. Johnson, (organist of Christ Church) . . . A large and efficient chorus has been obtained, and Madame Anna Bishop is to render her valuable assistance in connection with Miss Flora Harris, Mrs. Guerin, Mrs. St. John Adcock, Mrs. Craven, Mrs. Gibbs, Mrs. Bridson, Mr. Packer, Mr. Paling, Mr. Frank Howson, Mr. John Howson, Signor Spagnoletti, Mr. Banks, Mr. Hurford, Mr. Richardson, Mr. Chizlett, Mr. Fisher, Mr. Kitts, Mr. Phypers, Mr. Walford, Mr. Wolford, and a number of others.

WOOD, Charles

Amateur musician, collector of sheet music

Active Balmain, NSW, 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In or around 1862, Charles Wood, of Looke's Paddock, Balmain had a large album of sheet music bound, containing 74 separate titles, mostly British imports and dating from the 1850s. The album is now at the National Library of Australia:

Recent local content by Australian composers includes:

The Australian volunteer's song /words and music by Madame F. Sachs;
That young man from the country / arranged expressly by Marmaduke Henry Wilson;
Should auld acquaintance be forgot: polka / arranged by George Peck;
"Sempre libera" let me bask in every pleasure / arranged by George Peck;
The ladies favorite polka / composed by Edwin H. Cobley;
The Australian bouquet polka / by Edwin H. Cobley;
The volunteer's mazurka polka / by Edwin H. Cobley;
Lost Marguarite / words by H. Halloran; music by Glentworth Addison;
The favorite schottische / Edwin H. Cobley;
Take this glass of sparkling wine / arranged by A. Reiff, jun.

The collection also includes a large number of American "plantation", minstrel and serenader songs.

Categories: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WOOD, Eulalie (Miss LAMBELET; Mrs. James WOOD)

Teacher of harp and piano

Born c. 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 June 1829 (per Vibelia, from London, 4 January)
Died Hobart, TAS, 3 September 1858, aged 53 (NLA persistent identifier)

See also James Wood: (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Wood's Royal Southern Kalendar, Tasmanian Register and General Australasian & East Indian Official Directory (Launceston: Henry Dowling, junior; Hobart: J. W. H. Walch, 1849), 23 

EDUCATION. FRENCH LANGUAGE, HARP, AND PIANO. MRS. JAMES WOOD WILL be happy to give instruction in the above accomplishments, and also to receive a few Young Ladies, to be educated in the usual branches of a Useful and Polite Education. George-street, Launceston, Jan. 1, 1849.

"DIED", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (6 September 1858), 2 

DIED, On Friday the 3rd instant, at her residence, No. 93 Davey-street, Eulalie, relict of the late Mr. James Wood, of Hobart Town, aged 53.

WOOD, Isaac

School-master, dancing instructor

Born ?, .1780
Active Wexford, Ireland, until 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, NSW, 1813 (convict per Archduke Charles)
Died Sydney, NSW, 14 February 1823, aged 43

WOOD, Felicia (Elizabeth, Miss SIMS, Mrs. Isaac WOOD)

Dancing instructor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 January 1814 (per Kangaroo)
Married Isaac Wood, NSW, 15 September 1815
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 March 1821, aged 26 years


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1818), 1

DANCING. - AT the Desire of some respectable Personages, Mr. WOOD, of the Sydney Academy, has been induced to engage a Person perfectly qualified to instruct Pupils in that graceful Accomplishment, which is considered so necessary to the Acquirement of a becoming Demeanour. Persons who have been heretofore deprived of the Opportunity, have it now in their power of being improved, as suitable Hours are appointed for their Reception, when they may receive private Lessons.- Terms of Tuition and other Particulars will be made known on Application as above. Mrs. WOOD will receive young Ladies, to whose Instruction she will personally attend.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 December 1818), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 April 1819), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1821), 4

"DIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 March 1821), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 February 1823), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Family history

WOOD, James

Town crier, bellman

Active Parramatta, NSW, to 1838


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1838), 2

James Wood, a resident of Parramatta, about 75 years of age, and known for many years as the town crier, left his home on Saturday last, and was missing until Wednesday, when he was discovered on the road to Liverpool in an exhausted state, and partially eaten by the native dogs. He was conveyed to the Liverpool Hospital, no hopes being entertained of his recovery. It was reported on Thursday that he was dead.


Indigenous guide, singer, "a great man at corroberries"

Active Illawarra / Ulladulla area, NSW, c. 1842-46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Joseph Townsend, in his Rambles and observations, names "Jimmy Woodbury" as one of his most admired native guides; Woodbury was "a great man at corrobbories . . . and I know that he has walked fifty miles, in one day, in order to join in a dance at night" (88-89). He was possibly also Townsend's source for the song he published in musical transcription (on page 91).

For main entry on the song see:



Townsend 1849, 88-91, 105

[Review], The Athenaeum (28 April 1849), 433-34 

"REVIEW (From the Colonial Magazine for June)", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1849), 3-4

WOODIN, Frederick (alias of Alfred Hugh HAVELL)

Musician, vocalist, pianist

Born Reading, Berkshire, England; baptised, Reading, St. Giles, 5 July 1826
Married (1) Mary Ann GILBERT (1832-1856), Clifton, England, 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1857 (per Eagle Speed, aged 31, from Liverpool, England, in 64 days)
Married (2) Jane WOODROOF, Castlemaine, VIC, 9 November 1858
Died St. Kilda Road, VIC, 29 November 1879, aged 54 years (headstone, Melbourne General Cemetery) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Alfred Hugh Havell was born in Reading, c. 1826, a son of Edmund Havell (c.1785-1864), and Mary Ann Binfield (c.1794-1829). His father and grandfather, Luke, were both drawing masters, who also ran a print shop, and several other relatives were members notes Havell family of visual artists.

Alfred served in the marchant navy as a youth, but from 1849 established himself in Bristol as a musical professional, advertising first as a vocalist, and, in the coming years, as a piano tuner, music and insrtument seller, and as a teacher of piano, organ, and singing. His elder brother, Augustus John Havell (c.1817-1892), was also a music retailer and piano tuner in Maidenhead.

Alfred last advertised his professional services in Bristol in April 1857, apparently still contemplating continuing music teaching there. However, his wife had died the previous year (and their only son 2 years before that), and it seems that he may have made a sudden decision to emigrate, taking a passage from Liverpool in the Eagle Speed for Melbourne in May.

After arriving in Victoria on 21 July, Havell was in Kyneton a month later, where he first formed a performing partnership with a piano player, the pair billing themselves respectively as Frederick Woodin, "composer, vocalist, and humorist", and Henri Wallerstein, the "eminent pianist". Having borrowed the surnames of two musicians then active in Britain - Anton Wallerstein (1813-1892), the popular dance composer, and William Samuel Woodin (1825-1888), a vocal delineator and entertainer - they also included in their first advertisement spurious reviews of supposed former performances in Dublin's Rotunda and London's Hanover Square Rooms.

If, as seems likely, Henri Wallerstein (or, as also often given, "Wallenstein") was not his real name, the pianist's identity remains as yet a mystery.

Meanwhile, that Frederick Woodin was Havell is more or less confirmed by the official record of his second marriage, to Jane Woodroof, in Kyneton in 1858, which gives his name as Frederick Hugh Havell Woodin.

Having been for several years the town's most active musician, he finally left Kyneton at the end of 1862. Frederick Woodin next appeared briefly in Melbourne in 1863 as licensee of the Grace Darling Hotel in Collingwood.

According to passenger records (VRO), an A. Havell sailed from Melbourne on the Hero in November 1869, bound for Auckland. He was mentioned again in a letter from an old central Victorian resident, James Gregg, from the Sandwich Islands in 1870:

I also spent an evening with Mr. Woodin, whom you knew in Castlemaine as a musical man.

And, whether connected or not, "Havell A H, piano agent and teacher music, 160 Main [street]" was listed in a Los Angeles directory in 1874.

In his death certificate, in Melbourne, in 1879, Havell was described as a "music teacher".


[Advertisement], Bristol Times and Mirror (3 November 1849), 4

VICTORIA ROOMS, CLIFTON. Fashionable Morning and Evening CONCERTS, ON THURSDAY, November 8th, 1849. LOUISE FOOTE HAY, designated from the extraordinarv sweetness and brilliancy of her voice, THE LIVERPOOL LIND, will have the honor, of appearing for the first time in Clifton, on which occasion she will be favored with the assistance of MR. WILLIAM F. TAYLOR, Who will preside at the Piano-Forte, and also will perform Two brilliant Concertos; THE INFANT ALICE, (Only five years of age), will sing with her Sister, "The Gondola Duet;" MR. ALFRED H. HAVELL Will have the honor of singing, for the first time in these Rooms, his Popular Songs; and MR. HAY Will give his celebrated Sketches of Character, Reminiscences of the late Mr. Charles Mathews, &c., &c. . . .

"BIRTHS" Bristol Times and Mirror (21 August 1852), 5

Aug. 17, the wife of Mr. A. H. Havell, piano-forte tuner, of a son.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury (26 November 1853), 1

TWO Second-Hand PIANO-FORTES for SALE: a Grand Square, by Collard & Collard; and a Semi-Grand by Tomkison, both with metallic plates, patent repetition touch, and additional keys. Price - the Square, £18; the Grand, £20 - To be seen at Mr. HAVELL's, Professor of Music, No. 6, Picton-street, Bristol. - N.B. The Grand was formerly the property of the late Duke of Beaufort.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury (14 January 1854), 4

NEW HALL, BEDMINSTER. Mr. A. H. HAVELL has great pleasure in announciag that he intends giving his Second MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT at the avove Rooms on WEDNESDAY Evening Next, Jan. 18th, to commence at Eight o'clock. Admission 1s., 6d, and 3d. For particulars about the Old Scotch Woman, &c., see small bills.

"DIED", Bristol Mercury (3 June 1854), 8

May 31, at No. 6, Picton-street, aged 1 year and 9 months, Alfred George, the only beloved child of A. H. Havell.

? [Advertisements], Reading Mercury (31 March 1855), 6

FULL COMPASS ENGLISH CONCERTINA and Case, for £5 5s., at Havell's, Tuner, Maidenhead.
Broadwood's 6 octave SQUARE PIANO, for Guineas, at Mr. HAVELL'S, Tuner, Maidenhead.
A COMPASS PICCOLO PIANOFORTE, with all the latest improvements, for £25, at Havell's, Tuner, Maidenhead.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury (11 April 1857), 1

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. Mr. HAVELL, Professor of the Organ, Piano-forte, and Singing, has the honour to announce that, for the greater convenience of carrying on his Profession, and to meet the wishes of many of his Pupils, he has REMOVED from PICTON-STREET to 10, ORCHARD-STREET, COLLEGE-GREEN; to which address all communications respecting Teaching and other professional engagements are requested to be directed. Mr. Havell will RESUMSE his teaching on the 20th inst. A splendid Walnut Collard and Collard PIANO-FORTE for SALE. 10, Orchard-street, College-green, April 11, 1857.

[Advertisement], The Kyneton Observer (21 August 1857), 3 

Mr. Frederick Woodin,
The celebrated Composer, Vocalist, and Humorist, assisted by
The eminent Pianist, will shortly give his highly successful Entertainment, entitled
Comprising Musical and Characteristic Sketches and Illustrations, Scenes, Comical and Sentimental, Life and Character, Past and Present, Songs, &c., &c., allowed to be the most beautiful Entertainment ever offered in Australia.
For particulars see Bills. ADMISSION - 3s.
Doors open at half-past 7, to commence at 8 o'clock precisely, terminate at 10.
Mr. Woodin will be happy to tune or repair any pianofortes in the neighborhood, if notice to that effect be left at the Kyneton Hotel.

Messrs. Woodin and Wallerstein's Entertainment at the Rotunda. - The entertainment rendered last evening by the above talented gentlemen was a decided hit. The programme comprised comic sketches, songs, piano and harmonium duets, &c.; all of which was highly relished by the audience, which was large and select. The encores were numerous, and the whole affair passed off to the entire satisfaction of all present. - Dublin Journal.

Hanover-square Rooms.- A most varied and attractive programme was given by the above artistes Iast evening, when Mr. Woodin gave severeal characteristics of life and character, which created much merriment and laughter throughout; his changes were expertly managed. We may venture to particularise sketches of an English party, which was highly amusing; in the course of which a very beautiful composition by Messrs. Woodin and Wallerstein for pianoforte and harmonium, was magnificently performed, and enthusiastically encored. Many novelties were introduced during the entertainments, which gave unqualified satisfaction to a crowded audience. - London Times.

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Kyneton Observer (25 August 1857), 2 

The celebrated musicians Messrs. Woodin and Wallerstein, give one of their musical treats in the Royal Oak Hotel, to-morrow evening. The programme comprises every variety of music. We recollect hearing Mr. Woodin in London, some years ago, and even at this hour we dwell upon the pleasure we derived from his exquisite singing and his inimitable representations of life and character.

"CONCERT", The Kyneton Observer (4 September 1857), 2 

Messrs. Woodin and Wallenstein gave another of their grand musical performances on Tuesday evening in the saloon of the Royal Hotel, to a numerous and highly respectable assembly. We have seldom passed a more pleasant evening. Mr. Woodin is one of those vocalists who is qualified to sound any key, at one time dissolving his audience to tears, and at another keeping them in constant roars of laughter. The real secret of this power lies in a thorough knowledge of the original sentiment which dictated the song. "Mother, be proud of your boy in blue," by Eliza Cook, was sung with great taste and feeling, appealing to the hearts of all who heard it: and "The Little Fat Man" was a chef d'oeuvre of humour which we have seldom heard excelled. Mr. Wallenstein, in his solo on the piano-forte, surpassed any musician we ever heard in this colony. His wonderful powers of execution, combined with the most exquisite finish and taste, created quite a furor. The piece he performed was a Caprice of his own composition, from "Massaniello." He was loudly and deservedly encored.

"Miners' Hall", Mount Alexander Mail (27 November 1857), 4 

On Tuesday evening last, Mrs. Brougham afforded a rich treat to the people of the Wombat, by giving gratuitously, for the benefit of the Institution, one of her much admired "Shaksperian Readings" . . . Be between the acts, Mr. Woodin, a musician of very considerable talent, and who is under an engagement to Mrs. Brougham, performed several judiciously selected pieces in a very admirable manner, and at the conclusion sang a very humorous song with great taste, which elicited universal approbation . . .

"THE SANDWICH ISLANDS", Mount Alexander Mail (23 November 1870), 2 

WOODRIFF, Daniel James

Amateur flautist, naval captain

Born England, 1788
Arrived Australia, 1804
Died Old Charlton, Kent, England, 20 January 1860 (Woodriff senior, NLA persistent identifier)

Music collection:


Daniel Woodriff (1756-1842) first came to Australia as Naval Agent on the convict transport Kitty in 1792, and a second time in 1803-04 as captain of H.M.S. Calcutta for David Collins' abortive expedition to found a new settlement in Port Phillip (the Sorrento landing). His three sons, Daniel James junior), John and Robert all served on the Calcutta in 1803-04 under him. Woodriff family papers, including a diary kept by Daniel junior, a keen flautist, are in the State Library of New South Wales:

Daniel James's son, also Daniel James (d.1865), came to Australia and settled at Penrith.

The family library of flute and other music, preserved in the NLA among Woodriff family papers:

consisting of c. 16 printed books, the earliest important colonial personal music collection to survive.

See also


John Marshall, Royal naval biography; or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers . . . whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 4/2 (1835), 104-05

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1860), 1

"DEATHS", Empire (27 November 1865), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Douglas Campbell Tilghman, "Woodriff, Daniel (1756-1842)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

"Daniel Woodriff", Wikipedia

Heather Clarke, "Captain Woodriff & The Wheatstone Manuals", Australian Colonial Dance (20 September 2012)


Piano tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1858), 7 

REMOVAL. - Mr. WOODS, Pianoforte Tuner, is removed to Park-street. Pianofortes tuned and repaired.


Amateur musician, convict

Died (executed) Melbourne, VIC, 3 August 1864


[News], The Mercury (8 August 1864), 2

"VICTORIA . . . EXECUTION IN MELBOURNE GAOL", South Australian Register (9 August 1864), 3

On Wednesday morning, at 9 o'clock, the sentence of death was carried into effect upon Christopher Harrison, Samuel Woods, and William Carver, convicted at the late Criminal Sittings of the Supreme Court in Melbourne- Harrison of murder, and the others, Woods and Carver, of robbery in company and wounding . . .Samuel Woods, as he chose to call himself, but that was not his real name, was born at Bath, in 1823, and was a shoemaker by trade. His history is a peculiar one, and shows that the unfortunate man had been familiar with crime in all its phases from a very early age . . . He was very fond of singing, and previous to his condemnation copied a lot of music. He also used to play the harmonium in the Gaol. His music-book he gave to the senior warder. Woods was said to be generous in some of his actions. He has written an autobiography, which he has disposed of to some enterprising publisher; the proceeds are to be given to a poor blind man and his daughter, who had been kind to him in other days.

"THE CONVICT WOODS", The Argus (10 August 1864), 5

"THE IMPOUNDED AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE CONVICT WOODS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1864), 4

Bibliography and resources:

D. G. O'Connell, History of the robbery and wounding at the George Street branch of the English, Scottish, and Australian Chartered Bank, Fitzroy, on the 14th day of June 1864, for which Samuel Woods and William Carver were executed, and Jeremiah Phillips and James Anderson each received fifteen years on the roads, the first three in irons (Victoria]: D. G. O'Donnell, 1864) 


Trombone player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859 (Sydney University Musical Festival)


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3


WOOLCOTT, Charles Henry

Amateur singer, musician, secretary (Australian Harmonic Club), Town Clerk of Sydney

Born Exeter, England, 1821
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1846
Died Berry's Bay, NSW, 23 August 1905, in his 84th year (NLA persistent identifier)


"INSTALLATION OF HIS EXCELLENCY SIR CHARLES FITZROY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1845), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1905), 6

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1905), 6

The death is announced of Mr. Charles Henry Woolcott, formerly town clerk of Sydney. The deceased gentleman was for many years closely identified with the municipal life of this city. He took much interest in matters relating to the early history of Sydney, and some years ago the City Council accepted from him a gift of pictures which give a good idea of Sydney as it appeared in the early days. The late Mr. Woolcott passed away at his residence, Ivy Cliff, Berry's Bay, yesterday, in his 84th year.


Australian Harmonic Club

WOOLCOTT, William Prout

Publisher, stationer, music publisher and retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1851-56 (as Woolcott and Clarke)
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 September 1887, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 6

NOTICE is hereby given that William Prout Woolcott and Jacob Richard Clarke, of George-street, Sydney in the colony of New South Wales, stationers and book-sellers, and of the Cremorne Gardens at the North Shore, did, on the nineteenth day of August Instant, duly make and execute an assignment of all their real and personal estate, credits and effects whatsoever to John Godfrey Cohen, of George-street, in Sydney, aforesaid, auctioneer, one of the firm of Messrs. Cohen and Harbottle, of the same place, auctioneers, and John Sands, of George-street, in Sydney aforesaid, bookseller and stationer, one of the firm of Messrs. Sands and Kenny, of the same place, booksellers and stationers; in trust for the benefit or all their creditors . . .

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1887), 13

WE regret to have to announce the death of Mr. W. P. Woolcott, sen., house and land agent, which occurred suddenly yesterday afternoon. Mr. Woolcott at the time of his death, was on his way from his office, Fitz-Evan-chambers, Castlereagh-street, to join his brother (the late town clerk), when he dropped dead, it is supposed from an attack of apoplexy.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1887), 1


Jacob Clarke (business partner, 1851-56)


Precentor, leader of the psalmody, stone-cutter, monumental mason

Active Scots' Church, Sydney, NSW, c.1846-58
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 December 1867 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1858), 1 

SCOTS' CHURCH . - VOCAL MUSIC. - Mr. RICHARD WOOLFORD, who has conducted the Psalmody of the Scots' Church for ten or twelve years past, having found it necessary, to the great regret of the Committee of Management, to resign the office of Precentor, in consequence of impaired health, any person or persons able and willing to discbarge the duties of that office, on such terms as may be deemed mutually satisfactory, are requested to apply to Mr. THOMAS DONAGHY, 87, Clarence-street; Mr. ROBERT WATSON, Cumberland-street; or Mr. WOOLFORD, Clarence-street (Church-hill) who will give the necessary information. Sydney, 24th December.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1867), 1 

WOOLLEY, Emmeline Mary Dogherty (Miss E. M. WOOLLEY)

Pianist, organist, music teacher, choir leader, composer

Born England, 1843
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1852
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 18 March 1908 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)


"A short poem . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1873), 9

"MUSICAL AT HOME", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1895), 8

"The Captive Soul", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 October 1906), 41

News comes from Adelaide of the successful performance of "The Captive Soul," a tuneful cantata by Miss E. M. Woolley, of Sydney, set to words by the late Miss Ethel Pedley. It may be remembered that this clever work was performed in Sydney some years ago, but the recent production was the first to take place in any other State. The performance was by the Conservatorium ladies' part singing and orchestral classes, under the direction of Miss Guli Hack. The principal roles were capably rendered by the Misses Gladys Edwards, Hilda Klintberg, Hilda Cox, Martha Bruggemann, J. Cowper, F. Summerton, K. Joyce, K. Checkett, and Mr. H. Prime. Miss Woolley, who was present on the occasion, received quite an ovation at the conclusion of the performance, and was presented with quantities of lovely flowers.

"DEATH OF MISS WOOLLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1908), 6

Both in musical and in social circles, the death of Miss Emmeline M. D. Woolley, which occurred at 5.30 a.m. yesterday, after several months' illness, at her residence in Upper William-street (now Woolcott-street), Darlinghurst, will be deeply regretted. A long and charitable life, marked by innumerable acts of unostentatious benevolence, more especially extended to the young and helpless of her own sex, is thus closed, and with it an artistic career, the influence of which stimulated nearly every local movement in the higher interests of music that has been set on foot during the past 30 years. Miss Woolley was the oldest daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Woolley, who was the first principal of Sydney University [who] arrived in Sydney with his wife and young family, in July, 1852. . . . Miss Woolley developed a talent for music at an early age, and accordingly completed her musical education as a pianist in Germany. Besides this, she spent two years in Florence, and eventually returned to Sydney accomplished in both languages, and with a sound knowledge of, and vivid interest in, the art and literature of Italy. During her earlier professional career in this city, Miss Woolley was recognised as a pianist with a style at once scholarly and sparkling, whilst as an organist she officiated brilliantly at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, working with success to replace the old-fashioned instrument of that period with one equipped with the latest improvements. In many other ways, this lady was prominently and unselfishly concerned in the cause of music. In the late seventies she endeavoured to secure a subsidy for open-air concerts with cheap refreshments for the people in the Garden Palace grounds; she joined her partner and friend, the late Miss Pedley, in a journey to England in 1895, as the outcome of which the Royal Academy and Royal College of Music extended their Associated Board Examinations to this country; and she ardently supported Signor Hazon in founding the Sydney Amateur Orchestral Society, on the committee of which she remained to the end. Her last attendance at a public concert was, indeed, at the recent farewell to the Italian conductor in September. Miss Woolley was interested in kindred musical bodies, and be- sides organising concerts (with Miss Pedley) in aid of the Women's College, the Thirlmere Consumptives' Home, the Women's Industries' Exhibition (1888), and other institutions, she actively assisted Lady Mary Lygon in the elaborate "Sydney Musical Competitions" which took place at the Town Hall In 1900. As a composer, Miss Woolley exhibited the gift of graceful melodic expression in several separate works, published in London, such as "The Serenade" and "The Wind and the Beam", but her principal composition was "The Captive Soul", a poetic fairy romance, written by Miss Pedley. Both ladies were concerned in founding the St. Cecelia Choir in 1884, and it was this fine body of female voices which produced the new cantata (under Miss Pedley's baton) in 1895. This stamped the composer as a musician capable of considerable melodic inspiration, and the choral dirge, "Hush the Spindle, Hush the Loom", made a deep impression upon all who heard it. The manuscript was at once purchased by the famous publishing house of Novello, Ewer, and Co., whose expert pronounced it "an exceedingly clever work", and it has since been performed in many of the great musical centres of England. Two years ago "The Captive Soul" was rendered in Adelaide at the University by the students of the Elder Conservatorium. The death in 1898 of Miss Pedley, in concert with whom she had produced for the first time here Greig's "C Minor Sonata", and the one in F, Bargiel's trio, and other works, proved a severe blow to Miss Woolley, but she conducted the St. Cecilians until failing health increased the difficulty of keeping the once fine semi-chorus before the public.

Musical works:

The wind and the beam (words: Bulwer Lytton) (London: London Music Publishing Co., [1870s?])

The king's highway (words: "Australie") ([?]: [?], [1873])

The captive soul, cantata for soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto and tenor soli and chorus of female voices, the words written by Ethel C. Pedley, the music composed by E. M. Woolley (London: Novello and Company, 1896) (FREE DOWNLOAD)

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Woolley, Emmeline Mary Dogherty (1843-1908)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

K. J. Cable, "Woolley, John (1816-1866)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Ethel Pedley


WORGAN, George Boucher (1757-1838)

WORGAN, George William (1800-1862)

WORGAN, George (1803-1888)

See main page on the Worgan family in Australia and New Zealand:



Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 2 April 1831 (per Rifleson, from London, 20 October 1830)


A daughter of a recently arrived Hobart butcher, Stephen Wrathall (died 1872, aged 93), she appeared in John Philip Deane's concert in July 1832; Ann Wrathall married Hugh Currey in Hobart on 1 August 1832.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (8 April 1831), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 May 1831), 4

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (4 June 1831), 3

[News], Colonial Times (11 January 1832), 2

. . . Miss Wrathall's "I'll gaze on thee no more," was loudly applauded; it was, we believe, the first song she ever sang in public, and from the specimen she gave us of the capabilities and melodious power of her voice we anticipate many future treats; as might naturally be expected there was a degree of timidity on her first presenting herself in front of the orchestra, and a little tremour in her voice, but as she advanced in the song she became more empassioned, and at its termination sat down amidst loud applause.

[News], Colonial Times (24 July 1832), 2

Miss Wrathall's "Oh, say not", wanted only a little more art to render it a most brilliant performance; her song was deservedly encored.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (27 July 1832), 3

. . . the sweetness of Miss Wrathall's voice delighted every one . . .

"Domestic Intelligence", The Tasmanian (10 August 1832), 5 

On Tuesday the lovers of music were regaled by Mrs. Davis's Concert. The performance commenced soon after eight o'clock, long before which time scarcely a seat in the spacious Court-house was left vacant. Mrs. Davis and Mr. Russell were evidently the favorites, and their performances well merited the reception they each received. As the Colony has never yet possessed a lady singer of the standing of Mrs. Davis, we may be expected to offer a few general remarks respecting her performances . . . and without fear of contradiction we may assert, that neither in New South Wales, or Van Diemen's Land, has there ever been any female singer to compete with her. Miss Wrathall's voice is far superior to that is Mrs. Davis, but then, experience and professional skill, (acquirements so difficult to be obtained,) are wanting; and it is not improbable, that had Miss Wrathall studied music with as much care and attention as Mrs. Davis has done, she might have been fully a match for our present leading female singer . . .

"Soiree XII", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 3

. . . Judging from these accounts, the Hobart Town concert must have been "vastly better" [than the Sydney concert]. No disparagement this, however, to Mr. [George] Sippe. If he had not Mrs. Davis or Miss Wrathall in his company, it is because these vocalists are not in Sydney.

WRAY, William Beresford (MR. W. B. WRAY)

Organist, pianist, composer

Born Alfreston, Derbyshire, England, c. 1825
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 2 November 1857 (per Morning Light, from Liverpool); departed April 1858 (for England)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 1 September 1860 (per Champion of the Seas, from Liverpool)
Died Brighton, VIC, 7 April 1861, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Juvenile musicians, vocalists

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 September 1860 (per Champion of the Seas, from Liverpool)
Departed for England, November 1862


Wray arrived in Melbourne for the first time from Liverpool on the ship Morning Light on 2 November 1857, and a week later Joseph Wilkie advertised publication of his The Morning Light polka ("Composed on the Voyage to Melbourne").

He advertised as a teacher of music in December billing himself as "late Organist of the Blind Asylum, Liverpool, late Conductor of the Torquay Choral Society; Organist of the Sacred Harmonic Society, Liverpool, 700 performers,)", and as otherwise open to engagement. Wray sailed again for England in  April 1858, but returned to Melbourne in September 1860, on board the Champion of the Seas, likewise recording that voyage with his The Champion of the Seas polka ("Composed expressly for & respectfully dedicated to the owners of that magnificent vessel").

On his return, Wray brought his large family of young performers with him, the Wray Family, or "The Little Nightingales" (for their names, details, and concert repertoire, see Melbourne advertisement September 1860; also Bendigo review December 1860). One other musical work by him, published in England, is The Charm schottisch ("companion to the Gem Polka; dedicated to the gentlemen of Birkenhead") (Liverpool [UK]: W. P. Draper, [?1857]).


"BOLTON", The Musical World (3 May 1851), 285

[Advertisement], Illustrated London News - Saturday 03 July 1858

MR. W. B. WRAY, Professor of Harmony and Composition, for five years Organist and Choir Master at the Blind Asylum, Liverpool, will be happy to meet with another ENGAGEMENT as ORGANIST &c. Just published. Wray's "Cambria Galop," 3s. Friends requiring copies, please address Alfreton, Derbyshire.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1857), 6

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 November 1857), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1857), 8

MR. WRAY (late Organist of the Blind Asylum, Liverpool,) will give FINISHING LESSONS. References - MISS Burdett Coutts, Dr. McNeale, Miss Sullivan (niece of Viscount Palmerston), Dr. Scoresby, and Major-General Macarthur, No. 6 Swiss-terrace, Fitzroy-street, Collingwood.

MR. WRAY (late Conductor of the Torquay Choral Society) gives FINISHING LESSONS on PIANOFORTE.

MR. WRAY (Organist of the Sacred Harmonic Society, Liverpool, - 700 performers,) is open to an ENGAGEMENT.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 April 1858), 4

"MELBOURNE: DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1860), 8

[News], The Argus (6 September 1860), 5

"SOCIAL", The Star (24 November 1860), 2

"THE WRAY FAMILY", Bendigo Advertiser (8 December 18600, 2


[News], The Argus (12 March 1861), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1861), 4

[News], The Argus (8 April 1861), 4

We regret to have to announce the death, at 6 o'clock yesterday morning, of Mr. W. B. Wray, a gentleman well known to the musical world as an accomplished organist, and to the public generally as the father of "The Little Nightingales". Mr. Wray was formerly organist at the Blind Asylum in Liverpool, but was compelled to resign his appointment by the state of his health, to ameliorate which he resided for some years at Torquay on the coast of Devonshire. The peculiar nature of his complaint, consumption, subsequently induced him to visit this colony nearly three years ago. Many will remember with pleasure his performances upon the organ during his short stay, and while he had the post of organist of Brighton Church. He returned to England for the sake of advancing the professional interests of his young family but was again compelled to emigrate, and once more chose Victoria as his home. On his arrival here he gave seven concerts, which met with a liberal share of public patronage, and was, to the gratification of his friends, reinstated in his old situation. He was to have commenced his duties on the very day on which his career was terminated by the hand of death. On Thursday last the deceased gentleman was suddenly seized with a coughing fit while in the railway, and broke a blood-vessel. The accident terminated in his death. He has left a widow and seven children to deplore his loss.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (9 April 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (11 April 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (20 April 1861), 5

"THE LATE MR. W. B. WRAY", Victorian Review: A Journal of the Volunteer Forces & Civil Service . . . (20 April 1861), 248

The Philharmonic Society have, in the most generous manner, volunteered their services in aid of the widow and family of the late Mr. W. B. Wray, organist of Brighton. The deceased gentleman, it will be remembered, was proceeding in the train to his residence at Brighton, - the next day to be reinstated to his office as organist, - when he was seized with a fit of coughing, broke a blood-vessel, and died shortly afterwards. Mr. Wray, who was an organist of the most refined order, and had presided for many years at the fine instrument possessed by the Blind Asylum, at Liverpool, was born at Alfreston, in Derbyshire. The ravages of consumption induced him, however, to abandon his office for professional duties at Torquay, the climate of which place he trusted might ameliorate his sufferings. He subsequently visited Victoria with the same object in view, and his services were speedily secured for the organ at Brighton. On his return from England, whither business had called him, he brought with him his wife and family, - the latter having in the mother country achieved some unusual repute, under the title of the "Little Nightingales." The sudden but scarcely unexpected death of this respected gentleman, has thus thrown his widow and children on the world, entirely without the means of subsistence, for, as is well known, the chief success of the "Nightingales" was owing to their parents' careful training and supervision. The offer of the Philharmonic Society is appropriate and graceful, nor must we omit to state that professionals as well as amateurs have volunteered gratuitous services. We trust the public will honor the donors and themselves by a large attendance. The concert will consist of a representation of Haydn's brilliant oratorio "The Creation," and be held on Tuesday evening next, at the Exhibition Building.

"DEATH OF MR. WRAY", Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald (29 June 1861), 3

[News], The Argus (18 October 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (15 November 1861), 4

The Nightingales' concern at the National Hall Collingwood, on Wednesday evening, was well attended, the room being filled in all parts. The children sang with unusual spirit, many of the songs and choruses being encored. Of the first, we would make particular mention of "Jamie o' the banks o' Dee," by Miss Wray, composed for that young lady by the late Mr. Wray; and "The Lucky Star," a new song, sang, for the first time in Melbourne, by Miss Mary Wray. The violin solo, by Master Wray, was excellent. The Wrays were assisted by some ladies and gentlemen amateurs, belonging to the Orpheus Society, who delighted the audience with their skilful sung part songs, as well as by some admirably performed solos by Miss Mortley and Mr. Beaumont. Mr. M'Grath presided at the pianoforte in a very efficient manner.

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1862), 2

WREDE, Robert William

Music and musical instrument importer, speculator, piano tuner

Born ?, 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from Plymouth, 16 October 1837)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 October 1857, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Robert Wrede, among many other speculative imports (including wines and building materials), brought in a stock of music and instruments in February 1838, evidently on behalf of his father, Herman Wrede (1770-1841), a piano and wind instrument maker of London. In a letter to his father (Sydney, 24 March 1838, ed. Halfpenny 1967), Robert wrote:

I have disposed of all my small Musical Instruments and Music to Ellard at invoice price with the exception of Music paper for which I charged him 5o/- per Ream, but I will give you particulars. I first sent him the goods he ordered in his last letter, amounting to £87. 1 .6 according to list of prices sent through Dettmer: of this he will pay me the balance of the £50 in ready money. I next sent him the residue of Instruments in his first order amounting to £101.13.0 also according to Dettmer's prices, this to be paid before I leave the Colony; lastly I have sold him the whole of my Musical Instruments, Piano Fortes and Seraphines excepted amounting to £391.15.3 invoice price, and Music amounting to £110.12.7 at 1/2 price, to be paid in 2 bills of 6 and 12 months. I hope you will not think I have been too hasty in the matter. I can assure you I have done my best-the fact is that Ellard is the only man in the Colony who is able to take such a large invoice, he having the whole of the Music business in his own hands-as for dividing it, the most saleable articles would have been withdrawn and the rest left on my hands . . . I think I may consider the best square Piano Forte as sold for £75 but nothing is sure till you have the money in your hands . . . Every day in the Colony discloses to me fresh means of making money, of which I hope hereafter to benefit. Oh! that I had £5,000 placed now at my disposal, I would pledge myself to double it in 2 years, and that in the easiest manner possible . . . This is now Saturday the 31 March, on Monday next I shall go into the interior for 1o days or so, and hope on my return . . . I shall be able to tell of sales of Piano Fortes, as several of them are at present under consideration, they do not go off as quickly as I expected.

At least one Herman Wrede instrument sold by Francis Ellard survives at the Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Sydney

Wrede pianos were frequently advertised in the Australian press, usually for resale, during the 1830s and 1840s.

Robert again imported musical instruments into Melbourne in 1847.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (10 February 1837), 3

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1838), 2

"IMPORTS", The Melbourne Argus (12 November 1847), 2

"DIED", The Argus (21 December 1857), 4


Flute, Hermann Wrede

Other sources:

Papers of Robert Wrede and John Hodgson (1840-57), at State Library of Victoria

Includes an album of manuscript music including two goldfield's compositions, and Wrede's Melbourne business letter book

Bibliography and resources:

Halfpenny 1967

Nicholls 2012 (PREVIEW)

WRIGHT Brothers (2; J. WRIGHT; ? WRIGHT)

Violinists, cellist

Active VIC, SA, WA, 1857-60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The two Wright brothers, string instrumentalists, are documented as having given entertainments with comic singers in rural Victoria and South Australia between 1858 and 1860. Most interesting, however, is their brief tour to Western Australia early in 1860, where, as one of the rare visiting musical acts, they reportedly drew large and admiring audiences in Perth and Fremantle.


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (15 March 1858), 3 

Concert. MESSRS. WRIGHT BROTHERS, Violinists, late of the Strand Theatre, London, and Messrs. Walters and Daniels, of Sydney, have arrived in Beechworth, and will give their VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL ENTERTAlNMENTS, at Mooney's Concert Hall, Ford Street, on Monday, March 15th, and other evenings during the week. Descriptive Scena, Songs, Ballads, Solos, (Violin,) Comic Songs, local and characteristic. To commence at Eight o'clock. Admission, Front Seats, 2s.; Back Seats, 1s. Select Ball after Concert.

"NAIRNE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (9 April 1859), 2 

On the 5th of April a few lovers of sweet sounds were agreeably entertained by the Messrs. Wright Brothers, whose performances gave the liveliest satisfaction. The violin playing awakened great interest - the Cuckoo solo in particular - many persons scarcely comprehending how such sounds could be produced. The evening's entertainment was agreeably diversified, by a few feats of legerdemain, and by various scenes from the magic lantern. Mr. Dixon's comic songs were highly entertaining. In fact the evening was altogether a most pleasant and agreeable one, and it is only to be regretted that a more numerous audience was not present to share in the gratification.

"KOORINGA", Adelaide Observer (7 May 1859), 4 

Messrs. Wright Brothers & Dixon have given a series of entertainments here, consisting of musical pieces and singing, conjuring tricks, gymnastic feats, phantasmagorical and dissolving views, chromatropes, &c. The violin solos of Mr. J. Wright are really good, and his playing on one string recalls the remembrance of more celebrated performers. The same gentleman in his bending and balancing is also very excellent. Mr. Dixon's songs are very amusing, and delivered with great oddity of manner. The magic-lantern views were very pretty, and the chromatropes, or Chinese lights, were beautiful. On Tuesday evening a ball took place at the hotel at which they played, and delighted the votaries of Terpsichore with the excellent music they discoursed, especially the laughing polka, each good time being kept that few could miss dancing to it.

"WRIGHT BROTHERS AND DIXON", Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (2 December 1859), 3 

These accomplished violinists performed here [Casterton, VIC]on the evenings of the 25th and 26th instant, in Mr. Chaffey's Assembly Room, before a large company who were highly gratified with their masterly playing. Mr. Dixon's comic songs appeared to afford to the audience great amusement, which they notified by loud applause. Their phantasmngoria or disolving views were exceedingly good -the amusements of the evening concluded with a dance.

"Local and Domestic Intelligence", The Inquirer and Commercial News [Perth, WA] (14 March 1860), 2 

The Messrs. Wright, lately arrived from the neighbouring Colonies, gave a Musical Entertainment on Monday evening at Mr. Fordred's rooms, which were thronged with visitors on the occasion. The amusements consisted of performances on the violin, which are described as excellent, the exhibition of the phantasmagoria, and sundry feats of legerdemain. The amusements will be resumed this evening.

"General Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (16 March 1860), 2 

During the week Messrs. Wright, Brothers, have given two of their entertaining evening performances. The musical portion, consisting of Violin and Violincello solos and duetts, evinced these gentlemen's complete mastery over their instruments, and was greatly admired by crowded audiences, The performances in Natural Magic created no little amusement and astonishment.

"Local and Domestic Intelligence", The Inquirer and Commercial News (21 March 1860), 2 

The Messrs. Wright have continued their entertainments to good audiences. They have recently employed Mr Cole's large room, as affording increased accommodation.

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (6 April 1860), 1 

FREEMASON'S HOTEL, FREMANTLE, On EASTER MONDAY, the 9th April 1860. String Band - Wright, Brothers. (from Strand Theatre London.) . . .

[Advertisement], The Inquirer and Commercial News [Perth, WA] (11 April 1860), 2 

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (4 June 1860), 3 

"CLUNES", The Star (29 June 1860), 2 

We have had a very agreeable treat here the last two evenings by the appearance of Messrs. Wright Brothers, violinists, Messrs. Daniels, Fred. Sams, and others, comic and sentimental vocalists. The entertainment was of a varied character, comprising most exquisite instrumentation by Messrs. Wright, comical effusions by Daniels and Sams, choice national melodies by a gentleman I wot not of, natural magic cleverly illustrated by deceptive adroitness, and dissolving views with beautifully managed chroma rope effects. Mr. J. Wright's solos on the violin could hardly be surpassed by the renowned Miska Hauser, and the vis comica shown by Sams in his character songs, was rich and rare. Altogether the entertainment was of unusual excellence, but indifferently patronised.

WRIGHT, Mr. (? George WRIGHT; ? George Fautley WRIGHT)

Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1845 to 1850; ? and later


"ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 

ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET. PROPRIETORS, MESSRS. SIMMONS AND BELMORE. The Public is most respectfully informed, that every arrangement connected with this establishment being completed, the Proprietors have the honour to announce their OPENING NIGHT for SATURDAY, the 2Oth May . . .

The Orchestral Selection for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include Haydn's Symphony, No. 2; Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia, and Brilliant Arrangements of Strauss Valses.

The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

FIRST NIGHT OF THE WINTER SEASON . . . The Orchestra - Mr. J. Gibbs, Leader; Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. Westroppe, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Turner, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Wright.

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

MISS HINCKESMANN . . . GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . MAY 30 . . . The Theatrical Band will comprehend Messrs. O'Flaherty, Deane, E. Deane. W. Deane, Turner, Friedlander, Westrop, Adams, Wright, Vaughan; and will be assisted by the Members of St. Patrick's Band, who have kindly consented to give their valuable services upon this occasion.

? "LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (3 August 1846), 3 

George Wright, a mason, residing in Clarence street, yesterday preferred a charge against two females, named Bridget Curry and Maria Gibson, of having stolen his watch, while he was in their company, at a coffee shop, in Market-street, but his evidence was so unsatisfactory, coupled with his admission that he was so drunk at the time, he could not tell how "his watch did go," that the Bench dismissed the case.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

. . . Mr. Deane will be assisted by . . . Messrs. Deane, Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Hudson, Ducros, Wright, and . . . the splendid BAND OF THE 11th REGIMENT . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1850), 1

. . . Mr. Deane will be assisted by . . . Mr. Stanley, Mr. Gibbs, Messrs. Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Vaughan, jun., Hudson, Ducros, Wright, several Amateurs of talent, and . . . the splendid Band of the 11th Regiment.

? "INQUEST", Empire (16 November 1852), 2 

An inquest was hold yesterday at the Crispin Arms, on view of the body of Zachariah Westdrop. George Wright, residing in Clarence street, deposed, that the deceased had been in his employment as a domestic servant; he was a musician, and drank very hard. Witness saw him yesterday morning in the kitchen, where he had been cleaning candlesticks; he suddenly took a fit of shivering like one in the ague, and appeared otherwise suddenly ill. Witness immediately got him a glass of hot brandy, but he fell down the steps, and witness at once sent for medical aid. The deceased, however, expired in about ten minutes . . .

It is possible that Westrop's employer was also his former orchestral colleague; a George F. Wright senior, copper-smith, of Clarence Street, died on 4 September 1859, aged 67, having only a month earlier been declared insolvent.

WRIGHT, Mr. G. (? George Henry WRIGHT)

Bassoonist (theatrical orchestra), bandsman (Band of the 12th Regiment)

? Arrived Australia, NSW, 1856; Sydney, NSW, April 1858
Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859, ? and later

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL . . . 2nd BASSOON - Mr. G. Wright; 12th Regiment . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

"THE VOLUNTEER BAND", Empire (28 December 1860), 5

A meeting of persons favourable to joining the Volunteer Rifles Band was held at the offices Hyde Park, yesterday evening. The band master of the 12th Regiment, Mr. Douglas Callan, was in attendance to test the qualifications of the different candidates.

The names of the following amateurs were taken down: Mr. Dennis, cornet; Mr. Arthur Stacey, cornet; Mr. Benjamin Waters, violin; Mr. P. M. Moore, flute; Mr. J. Beaumont, flute; Mr. J. Hasker, cornet; Mr. Davison, piccolo or flute; Mr. D. Shaw, cornet; Mr. G. Eginton, baritone sax horn; Mr. E. Conroy, flute; Mr. E. Turner, concertina; Mr. P. Williams, violin; Mr. Horan, cornet; Mr. G. McKinnon, flagelet; Mr. Henry Webb, triangle; Mr. Ham, cornet; Mr. Ham, sax-tuba; Mr. H. Jones, French horn; Mr. Brodie, drum; Mr. Edmonstore, French flute; Mr. McKenzie, hautboy; Mr. Nicholas Nelson, flute; and Mr. Devlin, basso.

The following names have been taken down as paid members: - Mr. Leahy, bass trombone; Mr. G. Wright, bassoon; Mr. Thomas Quinn, side drum; Mr. James Wilson, clarionet; Mr. T. Gill, bombardon; Mr. M. McMahon, clarionet; Mr. Morgan, trombone; Mr. Metcalfe, clarionet; Mr. Lombe, French horn; two Messrs. Taylor, cornets; Mr. Crew, sax horn; Mr. Pearson, piccolo; Mr. J. Palmer, flute.

The paid members, who are to be 16 in number, must have a knowledge of music; the amateurs either have a knowledge of music or will receive instruction. The collection of names as above would appear a preliminary stop, as Mr. Callan will have to report to the band committee before anything definite can be done.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE . . .. Bassoon, Mr. Wright . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1

YOUNGE'S ATHENAEUM. THIS EVENING, positively the LAST NIGHT of this charming place of amusement. BENEFIT of Messrs. PECK and RYALL. Operetta called NO!! Miscellaneous CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music. Vocalists - Madame Flora Harris, Mrs. Younge, and gentleman amateur (Mr. J. Levison). Instrumentalists - Violino prima, Mr. G. Peck; clarionette obligate, Mr. Hodge; cornet, Mr. W. Thompson; bassoon, Mr. G. Wright; contra basso, Mr. Redett; harmonium, Mr. Charles Packer; repieno violins, by gentlemen amateurs, who have kindly volunteered their services on this occasion. Mr. Ryall will preside at the piano.

WRIGHT, Sarah Hays (Sarah Hays HUTCHINSON; Mrs. Thomas WRIGHT; Sarah H. WRIGHT)

Amateur musician, pianist, ? vocalist, schoolmaster's wife

Born Liverpool, Lancashire, England, 13 March 1831; baptised St. Andrew's, Toxteth Park, 12 April 1831, daughter of William Henry HUTCHINSON (d. 1840) and Sarah Hayes (1804-1877)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 21 August 1855 (per Tasmania, from Melbourne, where they had arrived by the Startled Fawn, from Liverpool)
Married Thomas WRIGHT (1822-1896), St. George's church, Sorell, TAS, 20 June 1859
Died Ulverstone, TAS, 4 July 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Descriptive list of immigrants by the "Startled Fawn" . . . to Melbourne, and thence to Hobart per "Tasmania"; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:438457; CB7/12/1/6 P209 210$init=CB7-12-1-6P160 

Hutchinson Sarah / 50 / Lancashire / Housekeeper / [on whose application sent out] Rev'd J. Griffiths . . .
Hutchinson Sarah / 24 / [Lancashire] / Dress maker . . .
Hutchinson Janet / 21 / [Lancashire] / Needle woman . . .

1859, marriages in the district of Sorell; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:860456; RGD37/1/18 no 630$init=RGD37-1-18p329 

370 / 630 / June 20th 1859 St. George's Church Sorell / Thomas Wright / 34 / Schoolmaster
Sarah Hays Hutchinson / 28 / Spinster / . . . [witness] Janet Hutchinson

"DEATH", Daily Telegraph (8 July 1902), 1 

WRIGHT.-On the 4th July, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs J. T. Lewis, Preston, Sarah, relict of the late Thomas Wright, aged 70 years. (Southern papers please copy.)

Bound album of sheet music:

Bound album of songs and piano music, c. 1840-60s, inscribed on front flyleaf: "Sarah H. Wright"; "Bound by J. Walch & Sons Hobart Town" [c. 1870]; Sydney Living Museums; Stewart Symonds sheet music collection 

Includes copies of 2 Tasmanian musical publications, The young recruit march by Frederick Buck (Hobart: J. Walch and Sons, [c. 1860s); another copy here) and Como quadrilles by Charles D'Albert (published by John Dettmer Jackson, Patterson Street, Launceston).


Violinist, teacher of the violin

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1859), 8

MUSIC - Mr. WURM, TEACHER of the VIOLIN, RECEIVES PUPILS, or attends the same at their respective homes, at a moderato charge. Testimony: "I have much pleasure in testifying Mr. Wurm's proficiency on the violin and thorough competency of imparting instructions on the same. (Signed) F. STREBINGER." Application to be sent Mr. Wurm, Post-office, Melbourne.

WURNA, Herr ( ? mis-transliteration )


Active Adelaide, SA, 1855


"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (31 March 1855), 3 

. . . This was succeeded by a solo on the violin, performed by one of the gentlemen amateurs of the orchestra. As we listened to the brilliant tones produced at the commencement of the solo, and marked the rapidity of execution with which it closed, we thought wo had heard in South Australia nothing equal to the performance since the visit of the accomplished violinist Ravac to this colony . . .

"VICTORIA THEATRE", Adelaide Times (10 April 1855), 3

. . . De Beriot's "Air Varie" on the violin by Herr Wurna was exquisitely played, and deservedly encored. It was, however, from its great length, a performance not the best suited, perhaps, for a general audience . . .

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (10 April 1855), 3 

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (14 April 1855), 5 

. . . Mr. Verneekel proved himself an accomplished pianist, and Herr Wurna, the gentleman whose performance on the violin was so much admired at the last concert of the Choral Society, again played De Beriot's air "Varié," with increased success. "Rule Britannia," by Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Wallace, and the Amateur, concluded most appropriately this delightful entertainment, and the loyal feeling of the company was manifested by their standing during the performance of the national melody.

WYATT, Joseph

Theatre builder and proprietor, entrepreneur

Born c.1788
Arrived Sydney, NSW. c. 1813
Died Newtown, NSW, 20 July 1860, aged 72, 47 years in the colony (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE LATE MR. JOSEPH WYATT. TO THE EDITOR", Empire (25 July 1860), 5 

SIR, - Anticipating that you will afford me space in your paper, I would wish to make a few remarks upon the late Mr. Joseph Wyatt, whose rather sudden demise took place on Thursday morning last, and in doing so it will be principally in connexion with the prominent position the deceased occupied in connexion with the drama in this colony, and not with his commercial enterprise, that those remarks shall he made, although upon the latter subject, much indeed might be said.

It must be observed how many of our oldest residents have recently been removed from amongst us by the hand of death, of these the late Mr. Wyatt may well be numbered, having been a colonist of nearly fifty years standing. He was always remarkable for his industry and indefatigable exertions in accomplishing or carrying out any object he had in view; possessed of an energetic spirit, and of great enterprise. - He erected numerous buildings in Sydney, which, at the time, adorned the situations where they stood. I may mention a few of them, from memory, viz.: - The entire range, extending from the site of the old Commercial Bank in George-street to the house formerly occupied by Mr. Mace, in King-street, forming six houses together with three spacious stores situated in the rear; the three Houses in George-street, adjoining the English, Scottish and Chartered Bank, where formerly the Dove Inn stood; those large houses also in George-street, adjoining the site of the old Bank of New South Wales; a portion of the premises forming the rooms of the Australian Auction Company; Several houses in Pitt-street, opposite Brougham-place; as also the whole range of houses forming Brougham-place, with the four houses terminating the end of that locality in Pitt-street, and the four houses at the end, in Castlereagh-street; also, recently three or four houses facing the Prince of Wales Theatre. But Mr. Wyatt's greatest undertakings were the Victoria Theatre, in Pitt-street, and the Prince of Wales Theatre, in Castlereagh-street, the former of which, with the houses fronting it, cost him in the erection, nearly twenty-five thousand pounds, and the latter, with the adjacent buildings, fully thirty thousand, and this brings me at once to my subject.

The late Mr. Wyatt may well have been considered the originator of the legitimate drama in these colonies. After having leased during the years 1837, 1838, and 1839, the old Theatre in George-street, where the Royal Hotel now stands, in the subsequent year he built the Royal Victoria Theatre [recte 1838], and in thus providing a suitable home for the expositor of Shakspere, he, in my opinion deserved the fullest thanks of our Sydney public. The company with which he opened this establishment embraced several names which will long be remembered by our play-going community. Who that has ever seen can ever forget Simmons, true to nature in every character he assumed, every inch an actor; Meredith, who had Shakspere at his fingers ends, and Knowles who was both a scholar, and a gentleman? Added to these were Cameron, Mackay, Lazar, Simes, Fenton, Grove, Falchon, the charming Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Bushell, the sweetest of soprano singers; Mr. Bushell, the celebrated buffo; Mrs. Chester, Mrs. O'Flaherty, Mrs. Thomson and her daughter, now Mrs. Young (at present performing with great success in London), and Mrs. Ximenes; the talented Wallace being the leader of the orchestra; besides these names, which were great in the histrionic art, Mr. Wyatt added to his company afterwards by a reinforcement from Hobart Town, and numerous other actors and actresses who subsequently arrived from England and elsewhere, foremost amongst whom was Nesbitt, who though not a man of polished education, enacted Shakspere with the happiest conception of the great author whom he interpreted; who might well have shone as "a bright particular star" even on the stage of "old Drury" where so many triumphs have been achieved, and who had he taken care of himself, might now be Brooke's rival. On the stage, Nesbitt sometimes appeared very like Macready, but it was only when surrounded by scenery, in the glare of the footlights, and dressed in Shaksperian attire that the resemblance was perceptible, but in a room and in his ordinary apparel all likeness to certainly the greatest living tragedian vanished - was lost; a highly intellectual man was all that you observed, although, he trod the carpet, much as he did the stage, and talked in a deep tragedy tone. Nesbitt, however, poor fellow, flung away his opportunities and expatriated himself - but I am digressing.

Mr. Wyatt long continued in a successful career when, in 1842, he went to England and engaged Mr. Griffiths to be the manager of the Victoria, as also the following artists:- Mr. and Mrs. Torning, Mr. and Mrs. Gibbes, the former to be the leader of the orchestra, Mr. James and Madame Louisa, Mr. and Mrs. Deering, with Mr. and Mrs. Moreton. Thus, it may be observed, that Mr. Wyatt used his very best exertions in catering for the public taste, exertions, too, which incurred an enormous outlay, and which never came back to him. First, he experienced the unhappiness of seeing the Victoria Theatre pass away from his hands, and then his seaond theatre, the Prince of Wales, sacrificed by sale at a price one-third of its original cost. These disappointments preyed heavily upon his mind, and as is generally the case with most who are bowed down by misfortune, it may be said of Mr. Wyatt, that latterly has endured, rather than enjoyed life. Eventually his liabilities, with all their distressing accompaniements, harassed his mind, and wore away his frame.

Mr. Wyatt in his life time, being of a remarkably independent spirit, would not bend, to receive the simplest favour from any one; but now that he is gone, I think that all in connection with the drama, whether as artists or visitants on its performances, should at once come forward in consideration that Mr. Wyatt spent at least two fortunes in furtherance of their interests, and erect some suitable tablet to mark his memory, in appreciation of the services he for so many years rendered towards the promotion of the legitimate drama amongst us. This suggestion I now merely throw out with a hope that it will receive due consideration in the proper quarter. With many apologies for thus trespassing upon so much space in your valuable publication. I am, Sir, your moat obedient servant, N. N. 23rd July, 1860.

Bibliography and resources:

H. L. Oppenheim, "Wyatt, Joseph (1788-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967) 

WYATT, Dr. (Dr. William WYATT)

Amateur flautist, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died Kurralta, SA, 10 June 1886, aged 81


"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

. . . the concert almost immediately commenced with Auber's Overture to Masaniello. Mr. Bennett took the pianoforte, Dr. Kent, Dr. Wyatt, and Lieut. Magill had their flutes, and Mr. Poole his bass-viol. The music of this piece is too well known to require comment, and, if we may judge from the applause of the audience, the performers did it full justice. Dr Calcott's beautiful glee, "The Red Cross Knight," followed, by Drs. Kent and Wyatt, and Messrs. Ewens and Howard, accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr. Bennett. In our very humble opinion, the effect was rather injured by its being sung too fast: it had the appearance of being hurried over, and many of the best points were lost. Still, this is a matter of taste, and probably ours may be peculiar . . . A duet on flutes by Drs. Wyatt and Kent followed, ("Di tanti palpiti") and, another glee and a duet, the first part closed with the Overture to Tancredi, in which Mr Bennett's violin was added to the instruments before used, the lady playing the pianoforte. Not to be tedious, we will only say that, in the second part, several very pretty pieces, mostly of a light kind, were introduced. In one Dr. Kent threw in a dash of variety by accompanying him self on the guitar. A concerto on the pianoforte by the lady was received with much applause. The beautiful glee, "The Chough and Crow," was given in excellent style, followed by a duet on the pianoforte, and the concert concluded with the National Anthem by the lady before alluded to, and Drs. Wyatt and Kemp . . .

"ADELAIDE. FRIDAY', The Argus (12 June 1886), 11

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (15 June 1886), 4



Judge, amateur musician

Born 11 May 1871
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 5 October 1816 (passenger on the Elizabeth)
Departed Sydney, NSW, February 1825
Died South Africa, 13 December 1859 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (ADB):

On 5 October 1816 he arrived in Sydney in the Elizabeth, accompanied by his wife, six children . . . Widely read and familiar with the classics as might be expected, he also had a love of music. He imported a piano into New South Wales and among his prize possessions was a choice century-old cello and a treasured flute. He sailed for England in February 1825, leaving behind three children with his wife who was about to give birth to her last infant, and having already requested 'a higher official Station' in the colonial department.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1860



There was a large choir of ladies and gentlemen, who, under the direction of Mr. Wylie, precentor of the church, performed several sacred pieces.

WYNNE, Robert

Amateur vocalist, musician, solicitor, barrister

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1830s
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, RICHMOND (From a Correspondent)", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (5 January 1838), 5 

In pursuance of the advertisement announcing the opening of this unique and classic edifice for divine worship on Sunday, a highly respectable and numerous assembly of gentry arrived at eleven o'clock, to witness this most solemn and imposing ceremony.

Nothing could equal the surprise of the audience at finding a most efficient choir contributing to the solemnity of the scene. The well played clarionet of that professor of music, Mr. Reichenberg, aided by the skill on the piano of a talented young gentleman, a son to Francis Smith, Esq. with the delicate taste displayed by a lady, who accompanied that instrument, in incomparable style, and also by the skill of Mr. Solicitor Wynne, from Hobart Town, contributed to excite feelings of religious fervor and enchantment amongst the entire audience . . .

"DINNER TO MR. C. McLACHLAN", The Courier (11 February 1842), 3 

. . . The toast was drank with appropiatc energy to the air of "Speed the Plough," performed by the band. As the hours were fleeting fast, calls were uttered on those gentlemen whose abilities were known for singing a good convivial song; and "Mr. Elliston, Mr. Wynne, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Marshall," were challenged at the same time, as the name of each suggested itself to the different gentlemen. After the usual preambles emanating from the diffidence of the gentlemen thus called on, Mr. Wynne selected Burn's "Willie brew'd a peck o' maut," which he sang with the spirited mirth peculiar to himself; and was followed by a comic song from Mr. Elliston, - "What are you at. What are you a'ter," which elicited much applause . . .

"HOBART TOWN REGATTA, AND MR. CLEBURNE'S ENTERTAINMENT", Launceston Examiner (5 December 1849), 5 

. . . Irrepressible mirth here broke out, and Mr. Wynne, barrister at law, in a most humourous speech said, that he understood the toast to be the "press of Van Diemen's Land," full, free, and unfettered - a press that would speak the public mind un-awed by powers from government house. (Loud applause.) "The press" was accordingly drank amidst loud cheers, and Mr. Lewis said in a very good humoured manner that he had been rather taken in, but would only inflict the fine of a song on Mr. Wynne, which was given in that gentleman's best style . . .

"DEATHS", The Courier (7 August 1856), 2 

On Thursday morning, August 7th, ROBERT WYNNE, Esq., solicitor of this city, aged 47. Friends are invited to attend his funeral from his late residence, 91, Davey-street, on Saturday, the 9th instant, at 3 o'clock.

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