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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D (Da-Dh)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D (Da-Dh)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 10 July 2020

- D - (Da-Dh)

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in April 2020, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to 1860 close to completion.


Music teacher and conductor (The Marsh Troupe)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 October 1860 (per Lizzie Spalding, from San Francisco, 19 August)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 April 1863 (per Western Star, for Otago, New Zealand) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE MARSH TROUPE", Ipswich Herald (2 July 1861), 4

The following are the names and callings of the Marsh Troupe, which arrived by the Wonga Wonga from Melbourne last night: - Mr. R. G. Marsh, manager and pater familias; Mrs. Jane C. Marsh, matron and conductress . . . Herr Dachow, music teacher and conductor . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (17 October 1861), 3

AFTER a most successful Engagement of ten weeks at the THEATRE ROYAL, BALLARAT, will make
A TOUR THROUGH THE DISTRICT WITH THE WHOLE COMPANY, Consisting of 30 Members, who will ARRIVE ABOUT NOON in each town . . .
The Musical Department will be under the direction of Mr. DACHOW, Musical Teacher and Conductor of the Troupe . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1862), 8

MARSH'S THEATRE ROYAL, LYCEUM (Late Prince of Wales) . . .
Orchestra under the direction of Herr DACHOW . . .

DACHSEL, William (Wilhelm DACHSEL; William DACHSEL)

? Musical instrumental seller

Born c. 1834
Arrived Brisbane, QLD, 5 September 1863 (assisted immigrant per Beausite, aged 29, from Hamburg, 23 May) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Courier (30 October 1863), 4

Notice to Musicians. ALL kinds of BRASS and STRING INSTRUMENTS. For Sale, at the lowest possible prices, at WM. DACHSEL, care of F. Cramer, Adelaide-street, North Brisbane.

D'ALBERT, Charles (Charles Louis Napoleon D'ALBERT; Charles D'ALBERT)

British composer, dancing master, band conductor (never visited Australia)

Born Altona, 25 February 1809
Died London, England, 26 May 1886'Albert+1809-1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)'ALBERT-Charles (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. May (Melbourne, VIC, 1853)


Charles D'Albert never visited the Australian colonies. However, as one of the most prolific British composers of popular dance music from the 1840s onwards, many of his works were performed here, and published in both authorised and pirated editions.

In July 1853, the Sydney publishing partnership of William Woolcott and Jacob Clarke advertised the forthcoming release of what were almost certainly pirated local editions of two of his substantial waltz sets, Faust, and Fairest of the fair, the latter engraved by Francis Ellard. In April the following year, 1854, the same publishers also included the opening number of each of these sets in a locally themed compilation The ladies of Sydney waltzes. This originally appeared in their first Australian presentation album, which also included another pirated local edition, of D'Albert's The express galop.

However, Woolcott and Clarke's next D'Albert title, The regatta valse, was a fully authorised joint production, planned and executed in mid 1854, and over which the composer evidently contrived to retain as full control as possible. The work, in celebration of the forthcoming Sydney Regatta on Anniversary day (26 January) 1855, was "composed expressly for the colony", and first issued by Woolcott and Clarke in their second colonial collection, The Australian presentation album for 1855, issued at New Year 1855. The original cover illustration was drawn by William Woolcott's brother, Charles Henry Woolcott ("C. H. W. DEL'T), and lithographically printed in colours in England by John Brandard (1812-1863). D'Albert also appears to have arranged for the music itself to be engraved and printed in England, No later local prints from the plates have been identified, and when Woolcott and Clarke also sold copies of the original run separately, it was at the relatively high price of 5 shillings.

Almost a quarter of a century later, in 1879, for the Sydney International Exhibition, D'Albert arranged for two celebratory works to be engraved, printed, and published in London, "dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales", with coloured covers leaving space for a publisher's name to be added later. This State Library of New South Wales copy of the Sydney Exhibition valse (cover title; on the music "Sydney Exhibition waltz") was duly "published" and sold in Sydney by Moss and Co.. This copy of The Sydney Exhibition quadrille was likewise "published" and sold in Sydney by Robert Elvy, while this other copy bears the imprint of Chappell of London.


[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (30 July 1853), 2 

JULLIEN'S CHEF D'OEUVRE, rendered so effectively by Winterbottom's celebrated Band, with unbounded applause. 2nd Edition of THE PRIMA DONNA WALTZ . . . In active preparation, The Star of the Night Waltzes, and The Fairest of the Fair Waltzes, both admired compositions, to be produced in the same style as The Prima Donna . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1854), 8

Shells of Ocean (Illustrated) - J. W. Cherry.
Australian Bird Waltz - F. Ellard.
City of Sydney Polka. (Illustrated) - C. Packer.
Ernani Quadrilles - Jullien.
Ladies of Sydney Waltzes - Selected from the Shower of Diamonds, Wild Flowers, Fairest of the Fair, and Faust Waltzes.
Express Galop - D'Albert.
WOOLCOTT and CLARKE, next Bank of Australasia.

"THE AUSTRALIAN PRESENTATION ALBUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1854), 5

Under this title Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke, of George street, have just published a selection of favorite songs, polkas, &c., in the style of the celebrated Jullien's Annual. The album is most creditably got up, and the printing does great honour to the colony. In the art of printing music very considerable progress has been made in Sydney, and the Album before us will bear favorable comparison with many similar works at home. The ornamental work of the title-pages is good . . .

"ELEGANT GIFT BOOK", Empire (4 April 1854), 3 

. . . Besides this there are waltzes, quadrilles, and galop, from the works of D'Albert, Jullien, and the Sydney notabilities in the musical world, Mr. Packer and Mr. F. Ellard. Altogether this forms an acceptable proof that Sydney is progressing in the Arts, and we can recommend it to our bachelor readers as an excellent present to their lady friends, for such an investment might be expected to produce agreeable returns in the performance of the excellent music it contains.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1855), 8

THE AUSTRALIAN PRESENTATION ALBUM for 1855 is in the Press, and will be published in the course of the week. It contains . . . WALTZ - The Regatta - D'Albert. Illustrated with a view of Sydney Harbour during the Anniversary Regatta, and a portrait of the Silver Cup, valued at 200 guineas, to be run for by all yachts this year . . .

"THE AUSTRALIAN PRESENTATION ALBUM", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (20 January 1855), 2 

Amongst the several elegant publications of the New Year, the work before us takes a prominent place, as a gift-book, and is got up in a style worthy of its publishers, Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke. Its contents, consisting of new and original music, are tastefully illustrated by well known masters. The "Regatta Waltzes" were specially composed for this publication by Mr. Charles D'Albert, the leading dance music composer in Europe . . . The Illustrations to the "Regatta Waltzes" are by Brandard, from original sketches sent from hence . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1855), 5

NEW AND CHOICE MUSIC. - Just published . . . WALTZ- The Regatta. Price 5s, exquisitely illustrated (in colours) by the wide world known artist, Brandard, giving a faithful portrait of the silver cup, now being contested for by "all yachts," also, "The Heads of Port Jackson" by moonlight, "An Australian Bush Scene," and "Sydney Cove during the Anniversary Regatta." These waltzes were composed expressly for the publishers by CHARLES D'ALBERT.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1856), 12

The Regatta Waltz, composed expressly for the colony, by D'Albert;
appropriately illustrated by coloured views of Sydney Harbour during Regatta Day - from Dawes Battery - of Port Jackson Heads by Moonlight, aod a Bush Scene, depicting Christmas in Australia, price 4s. 6d . . .

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1879), 5 

EUROPEAN composers, it seems, have had their attention drawn to the forthcoming International Exhibition, as Charles D' Albert has sent out by the last mail sets of quadrilles and waltzes, which both bear the title of "Sydney Exhibition." The five quadrilles are designated, and the composition of the music supposed to typify, New South Wales, Victoria, England, Switzerland, and Germany. In the music one or two fragments of National airs are introduced, and taken as a whole the selection is pretty and sparkling. The same remark applies to the waltzes, which belong very much to the same school of composition, each piece being supposed to represent a nationality. The music is very simple and the melodies taking. Messrs. Moss and Co. are the agents, and it is through them that we have received the copies. The typography is in the best style of art.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1879), 10

SYDNEY EXHIBITION QUADRILLES, by CHAS. D'ALBERT; 2s, post free. L. MOSS, 5, Hunter-street.

SYDNEY EXHIBITION WALTZES, by CHARLES D'ALBERT; 2s, post free. L. MOSS, 5, Hunter-street.

"A Leading European Pianist. EUGENE D'ALBERT", Evening News (7 February 1890), 7 

. . . His father, Charles Louis Napoleon D'Albert, was born near Altona, Hamburg, on February 25, 1809. He was the son of an officer in the French Army, who died in 1816 or soon after the battle of Waterloo, and the conclusion of the war between France and Britain and Prussia. Madame D' Albert, being thus left a widow, emigrated to Britain. She was an excellent musician; and Charles Louis's first education in Mozart and Beethoven was due to her. He afterward received lessons on the pianoforte from Kalkbrenner, and in composition from Dr. Wesley. He learned dancing at the King's Theatre, in London, and the Conservatoire, in Paris; and on his return to England, became ballet master in the King's Theatre and Covent Garden Theatre, London. He subsequently settled in Newcastle-on-Tyne, and married in 1863; but he died in London on May 26, 1886. His son Eugene was born in Glasgow (Scotland) on April 10, 1864 . . .

Colonial themed musical works:

2 waltzes in The ladies of Sydney waltzes (1854)

Faust (valse diabolique) and Fairest of the fair (vales a deux temps; valses bohemiennes), in The ladies of Sydney waltzes (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [1854]) (Faust - DIGITISED) (Fairest - DIGITISED)

Also in The Australian presentation album for 1854

Complete editions from which the above were extracted:

The Faust waltzes [Faust, valse diabolique] (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [? 1853/54]) (DIGITISED)

Fairest of the fair waltzes (valse a deux temps; valses bohemiennes) (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [? 1853/54]) (DIGITISED)

The regatta waltzes (1855)

The regatta valse [The regatta waltzes] (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, 1855); in The Australian presentation album for 1855 (DIGITISED)

Sydney Exhibition waltz (1879)

Sydney Exhibition waltz [Sydney Exhibition valse] (Sydney: Moss & Co., [1879])

The Sydney Exhibition quadrille (1879)

The Sydney Exhibition quadrille (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1879]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Charles D'Albert at What's the score at the Bodleian?: digitizing music scores at the Bodleian Library (website)

DALLE CASE, Luigi (Luigi DALLE CASE; Signor DALLE CASE; Lewis; ? Louis)

Circus performer, theatrical manager, entrepreneur

Born ? Italy/France, c. 1801
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May)
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 29 October 1842 (per Waterlilly, from Sydney, 17 October)
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia)
Active South Africa, 1848-52; India, 1854-55
Died Agra, India, 27 June 1856, aged "55" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DALLE CASE, Anna (Anna Rita DELIMA; Signorina ANNA; Signorina Anna DALLE CASE; Mrs. Luigi DALLE CASE; Madame DALLE CASE; Madame Anna DELLA CASSE)

Circus performer, dancer, vocalist (pupil of Eliza Bushelle)

Born ? Brazil, c. 1832/3, ? or earlier; family name DELIMA or DE LIMA
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May)
Departed (1) Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia)
Arrived (2) Hobart, TAS, 5/7 January 1854 (per Walter Scott, from Mauritius, 30 November 1853)
Departed (2) NSW, after 9 June May 1857 (for India)
Married Thomas Wallace WALKER, Calcutta, 23 December 1859
Arrived Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 3 June 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Emilia (Emilia FERMINO MATTO; FERMEIRO; Signorina EMILIA; alias Signorina Emilia DALLE CASE)

Circus performer, dancer, vocalist (pupil of Eliza Bushelle)

Born ? Brazil, c. 1834/5
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May)
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia)
Married William SEAL (d. 1858), Durban, South Africa, 27 August 1852
Died India, 21 May 1858, "aged 29" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DALLE CASE, Lewis James (Lewis James DALLE CASE)

Equestrian, circus performer

Born 1843; baptised, Green Ponds, VDL (TAS), 18 August 1843; son of Lewis and Margaret (?) DALLE CASE
Died Agra, India, 25 June 1856, aged "11"


Though he was not himself a public musician, Luigi Dalle Case was significant for local music and musicians during his short stay in NSW.

In company with the dancer Mons. Charierre and his wife, Dalle Case "and two children", and others of their troupe, arrived in Sydney from Mauritius, on 10 July 1841.

Charierre withdrew from the troupe on arrival, leaving Dalle Case to give his first gymnastic entertainments in August, on a bill that also included the two juvenile tight-rope dancers, Signora Emilia, "a young lady, seven years old", and Signorina Anna. Described elsewhere as the "Brazilian Girls", and sometimes as sisters, they were said to have been indentured to Dalle Case in Brazil, though it was evidently also assumed by some, and at least once reported, that they were his natural or adopted daughters. As Senhor Luiz Dalle Case, he had been in Buenos Aires in March 1839, when the Jornal do Commercio of 27 March reported that he "e sua familia" had performed. In later documentation, however, Anna gave her family name as Delima (or De Lima), and Emilia gave hers as Fermino Matto or Fermeiro.

According to The Monitor, "the élite of Sydney were assembled in great force" for a show that it doubted "many of our Australian youths now living will 'ever see the like again'." But the Herald concluded that, given the already depressed times, it must have been largely the "working classes" that were supporting Dalle Case and the theatres.

The two young girls also took singing lessons from Eliza Bushelle, and the younger, Emilia, made her public debut as a vocalist at the Bushelles' concert in September 1841 singing Auber's Povera signora.

Among improvements promised for Dalle Case's last November performance at the Victoria Theatre was a "superior orchestra". By December, construction of his new tent theatre on the corner of George and Hunter Streets was underway, though the government at first refused him a license to use it. With decorations added by the artist John Skinner Prout, the so-called Olympic was judged by the Gazette to be an "elegant little amphitheatre".

In February 1842, Dalle Case began diversifying the Olympic fare by engaging actors, dancers, singers and musicians, notably including the Gautrots and Bushelles, many of them Victoria Theatre regulars. He hired John Deane junior to form and lead an orchestra. By March, however, Dalle Case and the rival theatre were in serious contention, and in April he was listed among the newly insolvent.

Dalle Case having meanwhile taken his troupe abroad to Parramatta, Maitland, and Windsor, several complaints against him came before the chief commissioner on 17 August. The record of proceedings is an interesting musical-historical document, in that those called and quoted verbatim and at length included John Bushelle, Joseph Gautrot (through an interpreter), and Mons. Charriere.

Dalle Case took a farewell benefit at the Victoria Theatre on 30 September, and embarked for Hobart on 5 October, with a small company including the two girls, Anna and Emilia. The company gave performances there and in the midlands and Launceston well into March 1843.

Dalle Case and company evidently left Tasmania in late March or early April, for they arrived in Batavia in mid May 1854. However, one child at least, and possibly (through not necessarily) also his mother, stayed behind. A woman calling herself Margaret Dalle Case (there is no record of a marriage, was it actually Signorina Anna, the registrar confusing Anna Rita with Marguerita?), having given birth to a son, Lewis Dalle Case was baptised at the Church of England, Green Ponds, on 18 August 1843.

In Sydney in April 1844, The Australian reported a rumour of Della Case's execution, which was, however, contradicted by reports of his continued touring in Malacca, Penang, Batavia, India, and, by January 1848, the Cape Colony.

Luigi Dalle Case and his son, Lewis, were in Bombay (Mumbai), India, by May 1855. Father and son died only a couple of days apart, of cholera, in Agra, in June 1856, Lewis said to have been aged 11 (whether he was the same Lewis born in Tasmania, or not, is uncertain).

Anna Dalle Case had by then long since parted company with her former guardian and later likely partner. In January 1854, she and her new partner Felix Lalanne arrived in Hobart from Mauritius, and remained in Victoria for several years, touring as circus performers. Their child Anna Rita Lalanne was born in Geelong in 1856, and in May and June 1857 they were in Sydney. From there, no later than mid June 1857, they must have sailed for India, where, at the end of August, Felix died of cholera.

Anna married Thomas Wallace Walker, a master mariner, in Calcutta, on 23 December 1859, and the couple, together with her three surviving children by Felix Lalanne (boys aged 8, 6, and 3) arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, on 3 June 1861, intending to settle in the United States. However, there is some evidence that they may later have returned to Brazil.

THANKS: To Alan Robiette (October 2019 to March 2020) for kindly sharing findings from his extensive research into Luigi and Anna Dalle Case.


Sydney, NSW (10 July 1841 to 13 October 1842)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1841), 2

From Bourbon, same day [10 July] whence she sailed the 27th May, the French ship Salages, Captain Williams, with sugar. Prasengers, Monsieur Charrier, Lady, and servant, Monsieur Dellacas and two children, Monsieur Froget, Monsieur Fourcade, Monsieur Jourbert, and Monsieur Mayuel.

[News], The Australian (13 July 1841), 2

The French ship just arrived brings us a curious importation, which promises to add materially to the means of amusement for our towns' folks. Signor Dalcase has arrived here with two Brazilian feminine rope dancers of the respective ages of seven and nine years, who were indentured to him, under the promise, that when they arrived at the age of sixteen, they would be returned to their native country, with a certain sum of money in their possession. We have had an interview with the Signor, who gives us a wonderful account of the performances of these girls, who are able to ascend a rope at any elevation without the use of balancing poles. The Signor himself is a "professor of the Herculean sciences," and performs wonderful notions such as the lifting of weights, and the management of the Olympic column. We also have to add that a Monsieur Charriere will make his appearance before an admiring Sydney audience as a comic ballet dancer, in which "profession" he is said have great merit; and though last, not least, we hear of a clever dog that plays at cards like a discreet dowager, and of a monkey that fires a gun. This corps of "acrobates" and "funambules," in other words, of tumblers and rope-dancers, will, no doubt, vastly amuse the younger portion of our friends, and reap a substantial reward for their arduous and dexterous labour.

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 August 1841), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1841), 2 

This evening Mons. Charriere will make his first appearance on the boards of the Victoria . . . Mons. Charriere has seceded from the connection entered into between himself and Seignor Dalle Case, previous to their leaving the Mauritius, and has, we understand, been engaged by Mr. Knight for the present season at the Victoria. On Wednesday evening the Foreign gymnastic company will make their first appearance at this establishment. The feats said to be performed by some of these performers, are truly wonderful, and will, we doubt not, have the effect of drawing a most crowded audience.

"THE FOREIGN GYMNASTIC COMPANY", The Sydney Monitor (27 August 1841), 2

On Wednesday evening last, we witnessed the surprising feats of Signor Luigi Dalle Case and his Company, at the Royal Victoria Theatre . . .

"WEDDING", Sydney Free Press (18 September 1841), 2 

Signior Luigi Dalle Case whose astonishing gymnastic performances have created so much sensation among the Australian public, has appeared in a entirely new character on the theatre of life, by entering into the matrimonial estate; having been married on Thursday last to Mrs. Roberts, wife of the late Mr. Richard Roberts of Sydney. After the performance of the ceremony, the happy couple and their friends retired to the residence of the bride in Phillip-street, where the nuptial festivities were conducted in a style of great eclat and liberality. We think it probable that this event will deprive the Sydneyites from the pleasure of a repetition of the singular and entertaining performances of Signior Dalle Case and his family.

"HOAX", Sydney Free Press (21 September 1841), 3 

We have since learned that the story of Signor Dalle Case's marriage, which was reported in our last, is merely a false rumour . . .

"BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", Sydney Free Press (25 September 1841), 3 

. . . Signorina Emilia sang "Povera Signora," with great taste and talent for one so young, and does ample credit to her instructor . . .

"THE TIMES", The Sydney Herald (29 September 1841), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (2 October 1841), 3 

. . . We saw Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle with their two pupils, the very interesting Brazilians the Senoritas Anna, and Emilia, who though they do not understand English, seemed to enjoy, with childish delight all they saw . . .

"Fashionable Chit Chat", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (6 November 1841), 42 

The intended marriage of the Signor Dalle Case, is adjourned sine die, owing, as is reported, to the officious interference of some friends.

[Advertisement], The Australian (13 November 1841), 3

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. LAST NIGHT Of Signor Dalle Case at the Victoria Theatre . . . on WEDNESDAY Evening next, the 17th instant . . . he has made arrangements to have the house better lighted, a superior Orchestra, and an improved management behind the scenes, than that displayed on Wednesday Evening last . . .

"NEW THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (1 December 1841), 3

Signor Dalle Case's temporary Theatre in Hunter-street, is being rapidly proceeded with. The roof, which is to be covered with canvas, is being erected.

[News], The Sydney Herald (9 December 1841), 2

We understand that the Government have refused Signor Dalle Case a license for the exhibition of gymnastic performances at the corner of Hunter-street, - the grounds of which have not been stated. The Signor having been at a great expense (some £300 or £400) in erecting and materials for his building, it is to be regretted that the Government did not give him a decided refusal upon his first application for a license.

"Signor Dalle Case's Olympic Arena", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1842), 3 

Australian Olympic Theatre, HUNTER-STREET . . . An Efficient Orchestra is now forming, which will be led by Mr. Deane, jun. . . .

"THEATRICAL GOSSIP", The Sydney Herald (7 February 1842), 2

. . . According to the advertisement which appeared in Saturday's papers, we perceive that the Signor has engaged Mr. Knowles, undoubtedly the most clever performer in the colony, whether in tragedy or genteel comedy; Mrs. Knowles, who sings a little, dances a little, and plays a general round of characters, better than any actress in Sydney; Mrs. O'Flaherty, who, as Miss Winstanley, was always a favorite, and plays heavy characters, both in tragedy and melodrama very well; her sister Mrs. Ximines, who sings and plays comedy; Mrs. Larra, who, in the Malaprop line, is first rate; and Mr. O'Flaherty, of whom wo know nothing, except that report (report alway does speak highly of a new performer) speaks highly of him. In addition to these there are for ballet, M. Charriere, Mrs. Brock, and the Brazilian girls . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1842), 2

. . . Luigi Dalle Case, Hunter-street, Professor of Gymnastics, filed 23rd April . . .

"In the insolvency of Signor Dalle Case", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1842), 2

John Bushelle was called by Mr. DILLON, for the trustee, and deposed:- I know the insolvent . . . I paid a visit to Messrs. Charriere and Gautrot, and was consulted by them as to the propriety of their receiving a number of boxes from the insolvent, when I at once told them that they were rendering themselves liable to a severe punishment if they received them, and that they had better send them back at once . . . I have heard from the insolvent that an organ had been sold to Cetta by his orders, which organ insolvent admitted to be his; I have reason to believe that £10 was the value fixed upon it . . . Since the insolvent's sequestration I have heard him say that he had money enough to pay his passage to India, or any other country; he proposed to me to go with him to South America, or some other country, and that he would pay my expenses . . . he stated to me that when the French fleet was at Buenos Ayres, he had lent several thousand dollars, and that he expected to get a very good interest for them . . .

"POLICE INTELLIGENCE. Bushelle v. Dalle Case", The New South Wales Examiner (26 August 1842), 3 

On Monday morning, Signor Dalle Case, Professor of Gymnastics, was brought up on warrant before Mr. Windeyer, to answer the serious charge of threatening to blow out the brains of Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, the celebrated Sydney vocalists, on Saturday night last . . .

"DALLE CASE'S BENEFIT", Australasian Chronicle (1 October 1842), 2

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (6 October 1842), 3

5. - For Hobart Town, the steamer Seahorse, Captain Tallan, with cattle and sheep. Passengers - steerage, Signor Dalle Case and two daughters, Mr. Garcon, Miss O'Brien, Mr. Hughes, and Mr. King.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . SAILED", The Australian (14 October 1842), 2 

Oct. 13. - The schooner WATERLILY, Brown, master, for Hobart Town, with salt, &c. Passengers, Mrs. Montigue and child, Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Crocker, Signor Dalle Case, Signorinas Anna and Amelia Dalle Case, and nine steerage . . .

Van Diemen's Land (TAS) (29 October 1842 to ? mid to late 1843)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Courier (4 November 1842), 2 

29 - Arrived the schooner Waterlilly, 155 tons, Brown, from Sydney 17th October, with sundries passengers, Mrs. Taylor, Mr. J. W. Crocker, Mrs. Montagu and child, Signor Dalle Case, Signorittas Anna and Amelia . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 January 1843), 1 

ALBERT THEATRE. Corner of Liverpool and Argyle-streets.
MONDAY, 16th JANUARY, 1843. The Performances of the Evening will consist of: -
1. Various Dances on the Tight Rope, by Signorinas Anna and Emilia . . .
3. The far-famed "Pas de Zephire," by Signorina Emilia . . .
5. A great variety of Athletic Exercises, by Signor Dalle Case.
6. The admired Song of "Povera Signora," by Signorina Emilia.
7. Solo on the Cornopean, by an Amateur.
8. The "Grand Egyptian Pyramid," by all the Company.
9. The National Dance of "La Tarantella," by the Young Brazilians . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (1 March 1843), 5 

WANTED immediately, by Signor Dalle Case, who leaves Launceston, on Saturday next, one, two, or three real FORESTER KANGAROOS. Any person having such for sale, will receive £5 each by applying to him. March 1.

"THE [LAUNCESTON] RACES", Colonial Times (28 March 1843), 3 

. . . Signor Dalle Case had a booth, with, seemingly, plenty of entertainment within; for there were three lusty fellows, one in flesh-coloured flannel, dancing gaily on huge stilts outside, and drinking as gaily out of a beer bottle: the wit of this was rather obscure to our dull faculties, but it seemed to please "the public" . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Green Ponds . . . in the year 1843; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1089109; RGD32/1/3/ no 2272$init=RGD32-1-3-p567 

No. 105 / [baptised] 18th August 1843 / [born] - / Lewis / [son of] Lewis & Margaret / Dalle Case / [abode] Batavia / [profession] Player / [minister] Geo. Otter

After Australia (1843 to 1856)

"MENGELINGEN. TOONEEL-NIEUWS", Javasche courant [Batavia] (17 May 1843), 2 

Dezer dagen is een gezelschap Acrobaten onder directie van Signor Dalle Case, alhier met het schip King William van Hobarttown . . .

"DALLE CASE", The Guardian (11 April 1844), 36 

We have just learned that this well-known gymniast has suffered the extreme penalty of the law at Port Louis, in the Mauritius, for stabbing a man who had previously attempted to seduce the eldest of his pupils, Donna Anna.

"ITALIAN VENGEANCE", The Australian (16 April 1844), 4

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (3 July 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 July 1844), 1 

Notice. SIGNOR DALLE CASE, who was alleged, in one of the Sydney Journals, to have been Hanged, arrived at Singapore from Batavia, with his Pupils the Signorinas Anna and Emelia, on the 18th January last, and after a series of gymnastic entertainments, sailed thence on the 15th February for Malacca and Penang. - Port Phillip Herald.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (14 September 1844), 2 

The Asia, Smith, from Lombock, arrived at Hong Kong 18th May: passengers, Signor Dalle Case, Miss Rita, and Miss A. Canada.

"Arrivals from ports not European. JANUARY 1845", The Bengal & Agra directory and annual register for 1846 (Calcutta: Samuel Smith and Co., [1846]), 490

By John Brightman, T. Viali, commander, from China and Singapore: . . . Messrs. . . . Merch and Dalle Case, 1 Chinese girl and 9 Chinese performers, 3 children, 1 servant.

"MADRAS", Launceston Examiner (21 March 1846), 7 

"MAURITIUS", The Courier (10 March 1847), 3 

Signor Dalle Case, having completed a tour of the whole eastern part of the globe, has returned to Mauritius. He is accompanied by the celebrated ourang-outang Gertrude, and the extraordinary dog Munito. Signora Emilia is still attached to the company, which is strengthened by the addition of some Chinese performers.

"MULTUM IN PARVO", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1848), 2 

Signor Dalle Case, formerly of Sydney, was at the Cape of Good Hope in January last.

Return of the arrival at the port of Hobart Town of the Barque Walter Scott, Janu'ry 5th 1854; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:417774; MB2/39/1/17 P385$init=MB2-39-1-17p213 

PASSENGERS. CABIN / Mr. F. Lanne [Felix Lalanne] . . . Mrs. Dallecase, Child & Servant . . .

Index of births, VIC, 1856/11323; Public Record Office Victoria

LALANNE / Anna Ritta / [morther name at birth] Anna Ritta DELIMA / [father] Felix / [registered at] Geelong

[Advertisement], The Bombay Times (23 May 1855) (transcribed verbatim, Alan Robiette, 2019)

Signor Dalle Case has the honor to announce, that the Foreign Company under his management will give their second Performance on WEDNESDAY the 23rd instant; Tight Rope by the Young Chinese Girl Hamoi, Mademoiselle Emelia, Mr. Cottrell, Master Pithega; Equestrians, Miss Hamoi, Messrs. Albray, Capére, Ernest, Bottari, Pithega, Auguste, Fairy Ponies, Signor Dalle Case, Athletic and Acrobatic Division, by the young Chinese Girl Hamoi, Signor Bottari, Pithega, Coregraphye part Mademoiselle Emilia.

British India Office ecclesiastical returns for 1856, Roman Catholic burials (transcribed Alan Robiette, 2019)

Lewis James Dellacase [buried] 25 June [aged] 11 [from] cholera [occupation] equestrian

Lewis Dellacase, [buried] 28 June [died aged] 55 [from] cholera [occupation] equestrian

"BENGAL AND AGRA . . . DEATHS", The Indian news and chronicle of eastern affaires (15 August 1856), 369 

CASE. - June 25, at Agra, Pigotha, only son of Signor L. Dalla Case, aged 11 years.

CASE. - June 27, at Agra, Signor L. Dalla Case, Proprietor of the Royal Victoria Circus.

Report on the attack of cholera, in the central prison at Agra, in 1856, by John Murray, esq., M. D., medical visitor (Agra: Printed at the Secundra orphan Press, 1856), 6 

. . . The most violent case of cramps was in an athlete, M. De la Casse, the proprietor of a Gymnastic Circus . . .

"CREMORNE. To the Editor of . . .", The Argus (10 December 1856), 6 

Sir, - Perceiving in your issue of yesterday a letter signed a "Lawyer," relative to the ascent of Madame Dallcasse and M. Lalanne, that is to take place this evening, Madame Dallcasse begs to assure the public that she has every confidence in performing the above feat, and no one need apprehend any danger arising from such an exhibition, she having accomplished the same fifteen years ago at the Victoria Theatre, Sydney, and also at the Cape of Good Hope six years since. The same performances having been executed in London and Paris, also the principal cities and courts of Europe, Madame Dallecase, therefore, cannot see why the people should be debarred witnessing the above grand performances.
Cremorne Gardens, December 9th 1856.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1857), 1 

CREMORNE. - QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY. - Madame DE LA CASSE'S Rope ascent at 4 p.m. - elevated 230 feet.
. . . Madame DE LA CASSE'S Night Ascent, with Fireworks, at 10 p.m. . . .
DHERANG and STEBBING, McGOR'S Pyrotechnist, and HERR APPEL'S Band are engaged for this occasion.

Bibliography and resources:

Albert Weiner, "The short unhappy career of Luigi Dalle Case", Educational theatre journal 27/1 (March 1975), 77-84 (PAYWALL)

"Luigi Dalle Case", Encyclopaedia of South African theatre, film, media and performance (ESAT)

DALMAS, Caroline (Caroline DALMAS; Madame DALMAS)

Professor of music, school teacher

Born France, c. 1801
Active Parramatta, NSW, by June 1842
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 April 1851, aged 50 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Monsieur Charriere (dancing master)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 June 1842), 3 

FRENCH AND ENGLISH Seminary for Young Ladies, Victoria House, Macquarie-street, Parramatta.
MADAME DALMAS, having been induced to open a select establishment for young ladies, begs to say, that she has had considerable experience in tuition, (in some of the highest families of Europe) and will limit the number of her boarders to twelve, in order to attend herself in all their studies . . . Monsieur Charriere, dancing master, attends weekly . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1843), 3 

FRENCH AND ENGLISH SEMINARY FOR YOUNG LADIES, SMITH-STREET, GEORGE-STREET, PARRAMATTA. MADAME DALMAS . . . Madame D. gives private lessons at her residence, as professor of Languages, Music, and Drawing, to Ladies desirous of improving in those accomplishments.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1851), 3 

On the 13th instant, at the Sydney Hospital, Caroline Dalmas, of France, after a long and painful illness of eight years.


Contralto vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1854 to May 1855: ? Kyneton, VIC, 1859'Alton+vocalist+c1854-55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'ALTON-Mrs (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1854), 8

On Friday Evening, November 24th, 1854, the Philharmonic Society, assisted by the leading professional talent of the Colony,
will perform a Grand Miscellaneous Vocal and Instrumental Concert.
PROGRAMME . . . Duet, "Vanne se Alberghi in Petto" - Mrs. Testar and Mrs. Dalton - Mercandante . . .

MUSIC: Vanne se alberghi in petto (Mercadante)

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar

[Advertisement], The Age (7 December 1854), 1 

This Evening . . . The Philharmonic Society, assisted by the leading professional talent of the Colony,
will perform a Grand Miscellaneous Vocal and Instrumental Concert.
Programme . . . Part 2 . . . Ballad, "Dermot Asthore" (Mrs. Dalton) . . .

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS. To the Editor of . . .", The Age (12 December 1854), 6 

. . . Upon the merits or demerits of Miss Edwards it would be difficult to pronounce, as the size of the building precludes the possibility of so small a voice being heard. That lady's part in the trio should have been given to Mrs. Dalton, who possesses a contralto voice of no ordinary volume or tone, and with more experience will become a great acquisition . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Melbourne Philharmonic Society

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1855), 8

EXHIBITION BUILDING. This Evening . . . Benefit of Monsieur and Madame Herwyn . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . . 3. Song, by Mrs. D'Alton . . .
PART II . . . 5. Song, by Mrs. D'Alton . . .

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME HERWYN'S CONCERT", The Argus (9 January 1855), 5

. . . Mrs. Dalton sang "By the Sad Sea Wave", and "Deh non Voler" in good taste. She has a rich, even, contralto voice, over which a little more practice will give her a more full command . . .

MUSIC: By the sad sea waves (Benedict); Deh non voler costringere (Donizetti, from Anna Bolena)

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Madame Herwyn

"GRAND CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (15 February 1855), 5

The committee appointed to devise means of affording relief to the sufferers by the late calamitous fire at Sandridge, have announced a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music, to take place at the Exhibition Building this evening . . . Mrs. Testar, the most accomplished vocalist in the colony, will make her first appearance since her return from Van Diemen's Land, while Mrs. D'Alton and Miss Edwards, both of whom have acquired considerable popularity, are also to contribute to the enjoyment of the audience . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 April 1855), 8

CONCERT HALL. Theatre Royal . . . Recommencement of the GRAND PROMENADE CONCERTS . . . a la Jullien . . .
on Tuesday Evening . . . MRS. DALTON Will make her first appearance this evening.
Band of Twenty Solo Performers. Director and Manager, Mr. Callen . . .
PROGRAMME FOR THIS EVENING. Part I . . . Cavatina, "Robert toi que j'aime," Mrs. Dalton - Meyerbeer . . .
Part II . . . Ballad, "Annie Laurie," Mrs. Dalton . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Douglas Callen

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (16 April 1855), 5

. . . Mrs. D'Alton was the only vocalist on the occasion . . . The lady in question possesses a magnificent contralto, but on Saturday evening appeared to suffer from nervousness to a painful extent . . .

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (23 April 1855), 6

. . . Mrs. D'Alton and Miss Louisa Swannell are pursuing a most successful career, both ladies being nightly encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Swannell

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1855), 8

THEATRE ROYAL, Bourke-street. Promenade Concerts Every Night . . .
Conductor, Mr. Callen . . .
Programme. Part I . . . Ballad - Constance, Mrs. D'Alton - Linley . . .
Part II . . . Ballad - The strain of happier days, Mrs. D'Alton - Glover . . .

MUSIC: Constance (Linley); The strain I heard in happier days (Glover)

"[Advertisement], The Argus (17 September 1855), 8 

- First Appearance of Mr. and Mrs. HANCOCK, Mrs. DALE, Mrs. DALTON, and Mr. LYALL . . .

? "ATHENAEUM BAZAAR", The Kyneton Observer (8 December 1859), 2 

. . . A promenade concert took place in the evening, in which Mrs. D'Alton, Mr. Barlow, Mr. Sinnott, Mr. Woodin, and other musicians volunteered their valuable assistance, and gave a succession of comic and sentimental songs with great effect and spirit . . .


Orchestral musician (Prince of Wales Theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858-59 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1858), 4 

. . . John Winterbottom, conductor
R. Vaughan, Charles Frederichs, F. S. Wilkinson, W. Dalton, S. Davis, L. Hall, W. J. S. Tranter, Charles Eigenschenk.
Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, December 9.

[Advertisement], Empire (27 August 1859), 1 

Green Room, Prince of Wales Theatre, August 23rd, 1859.
TO CHARLES POOLE, ESQ., LESSEE AND MANAGER. DEAR SIR - Allow us to congratulate you on the unprecedented fact of your having kept open the Prince of Wales Theatre during a period of fourteen months, notwithstanding the difficulties which beset you . . . We beg to subscribe ourselves, Your obedient servants . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (conductor); Isaac Davis; John Thomson Hall; Charles Eigenschenck; Robert Vaughan, William Tranter

DALY, Mr. (Mr. DALY)

Precentor, conductor of psalmody

Active Ballarat, VIC, c. 1850s (shareable link to this entry)


"WESLEY CHURCH. MUSICAL CELEBRATION", The Star (25 August 1860), 2

. . . He began by stating that the original precentor in the congregation there was Mr. Daly who had gone away. To him succeeded the Messrs. Doane, who organised a choir . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Attwood Doane


Tenor vocalist, choral conductor

Born Abergavenny, Wales, 17 June 1826; son of James DANIEL (1802-1874) and Margaret WYKE (1800-1885)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 September 1850 (immigrant per Stebonheath, from England)
Married Mary Jane FOWLER (c. 1828-1904), Christ Church, Adelaide, SA, 18 November 1850
Died Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1891, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DANIEL, Emma Caldwell (Miss; Miss E. C. DANIEL; E. R. [sic] DANIEL; DANIELS)

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born Swansea, Wales, 16 March 1829; daughter of James DANIEL (1802-1874) and Margaret WYKE (1800-1885)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 September 1850 (immigrant per Stebonheath, from England)
Died Morphett Vale, SA, 13 September 1919, aged 91 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DANIEL, George Frederick Handel (George Frederick Handel DANIEL; Mr. Handel DANIEL)

Pianist, vocalist, choral conductor

Born Adelaide, SA, 4 October 1851
Married Julia Sarah LAWRENCE (c. 1847-1887), Glenelg, SA, 20 December 1880
Died Adelaide, SA, 24 March 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DANIEL, Emily Jane (Emily Jane DANIEL; Mrs. Edmund SCRYMGOUR)


Born Adelaide, SA, 15 June 1853; daughter of Josiah Wyke DANIEL and Mary Jane FOWLER
Married Edmund SCRYMGOUR, Adelaide, SA, 14 December 1876
Died Mornington, VIC, 30 April 1933 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DANIEL, Arthur Haydn (Mr. Arthur Haydn DANIEL; Mr. Haydn DANIEL)

Cornet player, vocalist

Born Adelaide, SA, 20 March 1857; son of Josiah Wyke DANIEL and Mary Jane FOWLER
Died North Unley, SA, 20 October 1937 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Josiah Wyke Daniel, c. 1890

Josiah Wyke Daniel, c. 1890 


Brother and sister, Josiah and Emma Daniel, natives of Wales, but recently of Bath, England, arrived in Adelaide as immigrants on the Stebonheath in September 1850 with their parents and younger siblings. At first the family intended to sail on with the ship to Geelong, but during the prolonged delay, their father, James, accepted a post as minister of the local Baptist congregation, and decided instead to remain in South Australia. Josiah's future wife, Mary Jane Fowler, also came out with the family, and the couple married in Adelaide in November 1850.

The 24-year-old Josiah first appeared in Adelaide in December 1850 in a concert for the Adelaide Choral Society, billed as J. W. Daniel, "late Principal Tenor and Conductor of the Bath Madrigal Athenaeum and Choral Societies". According to his son Arthur (1936 below) he had also been a singer at Bath Abbey.

During the ensuing decade he was one of Adelaide's leading resident vocal soloists and choral conductors, also working with Carl Linger, the North Adelaide Choral Society, the Adelaide Sacred Harmonic Society (of which he was founding conductor), with various church choirs, and supporting visiting artists such as, in 1858, Maria Carandini. In 1859, Daniel and Linger were joint conductors of the Handel Commemoration Festival, in performances of Messiah and Alexander's Feast.

In Adelaide in September 1856, Emma advertised as "Miss E. C. Daniel", a "teacher of singing", giving her address as that of her brother. She "presided at the piano-forte" for his concert at the East Torrens Institute in October 1856. And in December "Miss Daniel", her elder sister Christiana (1827-1915), and "Miss E. C. Daniels" were both in Anna Bishop's party, embarking from Adelaide for Melbourne.

In January 1857 in Melbourne Emma advertised as a "Professor of Music and Singing, of considerable experience in England, and in the colony of South Australia", and in April was a vocal soloist at at Melbourne Philharmonic Society concert. She probably returned to Adelaide some time the following year, 1858

A "Miss Daniels", probably Emma, assisted Cesare Cutolo at his Adelaide concert in February 1859, and in November the Misses Daniel applied for a licence to run a school at Morphett Vale.

Josiah and Emma gave a soiree musicale at Noarlunga in September 1867, and at a concert of sacred music at Morphett Vale Baptist Church in 1868. Emma also assisted at Mrs. Hill's entertainment at Morphett Vale in 1874, and conducted the choir at the Baptist Church, Morphett Vale in 1879.

Josiah and Mary Daniel gave several of their 11 children musical names, as well as a musical upbringing: George Frederick Handel Daniel (1851-1890), Arthur Haydn Daniel (1857-1937), Cecilia Daniel (1859-1934), and Charles Webber Daniel (1861-1898).

As the "Daniel Family", Josiah and his three eldest children, George, Emily, and Arthur, gave many concerts in regional centres from 1866, culminating in an extensive tour in mid 1869.

In 1854, Josiah edited a small volume of sacred texts marked up for singing with Anglican chants.

A song, Gently, mother gently, published in Adelaide in 1861, by "Miss E. R. Daniel" [sic] has not survived, but was almost certainly composed either by Emma (Miss E. C. Daniel] or her niece Emily (Miss E. J. Daniel).


York Place Meeting-House (Particular Baptist) Register, Swansea, 1801-1837; UK National Archives, PRO RG4/2607 (PAYWALL)

2 / THESE ARE TO CERTIFY that Josiah Wyke son of James Daniel and of Margaret his wife , was born in Abergavenny in the Parish of Abergavenny in the County of Monmouth the 17th Day of June in the year [1826] . . . (PAYWALL)

4 / THESE ARE TO CERTIFY that Emma Caldwell daughter of James Daniel and of Margaret his wife , was born in Abergavenny in the Parish of Abergavenny in the County of Monmouth the 16th Day of March in the year [1829] . . .

1841 England census, Lansdown, Walcot, Somerset; UK National Archives, HO 107/970/2 (PAYWALL)

Cleveland Terrace / James Daniel / 35 / draper // Margaret [Daniel] / 40 // Josiah [Daniel] / 14 // Sarah Daniel / 13 // Emma [Daniel] / 12 . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (16 September 1850), 2

Sunday, September 15 - the ship Stebonheath, 1030 tons, Sargent, master, from London 1st June, and Plymouth 16th June. Passengers - For Adelaide and Port Phillip . . . James Daniels, wife and ten children, Mary Fowler, George Fincham . . .

"BAPTIST MINISTER", Adelaide Times (26 September 1850), 3 

The Rev. James Daniel, late of Bath, Somerset, England, preached in the Baptist Chapel, Kermode-street, North Adelaide, on Sunday last, to attentive and highly respectable audiences. Mr. Daniel arrived here in the Stebonheath, and is on his way to Geelong, where he hopes, either to meet with a church, or to be able to raise one, in connection with his own denomination, and where he intends, under the providence of God, to settle down with his large family. Mr. Daniel's preaching talent is highly respectable, and of that popular cast, so likely to attract attention, and be productive of good. He supplies Mr. Allen's place again in North Adelaide on Sunday evening next, and will, it is hoped, continue preaching there, and in other places in Adelaide, until the Stebonheath's departure for Port Phillip, which is hardly expected in less than a month.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (7 December 1850), 1

ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY . . . GRAND CONCERT . . . on Tuesday, the 17th . . .,br /. The Committee have great pleasure in announcing that the orchestra has been greatly augmented since their last Concert by several new and talented performers, among whom are the principal members of the Liedertafel and Mr. J. W. Daniels (late Principal Tenor and Conductor of the Bath Madrigal Athenaeum and Choral Societies). PROGRAMME . . . PART 2 . . . 6. Romanza - O yes I marked the secret Tear - Mr. J. W. Daniels - Donizetti . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (9 December 1850), 2 

At the last rehearsal of the Choral Society, Mr. J. W. Daniel, a gentleman lately arrived in the Colony, made his appearance for the first time, as a tenor singer, and in our opinion is the best we have yet heard, he having great flexibility and compass of voice, combined with a rich musical tone . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (18 December 1850), 4 

Last evening a concert was given by the members of this Society, in the large room in the Exchange, which was one of the best we have yet heard in the colony, the Solos being well sung, and the Chorusses - the Deutsch Liedertafel having rendered their valuable assistance - being rendered with greater power and precision than heretofore. There was also another novelty in the introduction of a singer, new to this colony, Mr. Daniel, late of Bath, whose merits can scarcely be spoken of too highly. He has a flexible tenor voice of rich quality: his taste and execution are equal to his voice, and his manner prepossessing . . . The next piece was a song - "See around the throne of God," a beautiful composition by the Chevalier Neukomm, sung by Mr. Daniel in a masterly style; the impression made by this gentleman on the audience leaves no doubt of his becoming a lasting favourite with the musical public here . . . the next two performances may be considered as the gems of the evening, namely, an English version of Donizetti's "Una furtiva lagrima," sung most exquisitely by Mr. Daniel, and rapturously encored; and a German quartett, sung by four German gentlemen, unaccompanied . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (19 December 1850), 2 

The Choral Society's concert, on Tuesday evening, was one of the best of its kind we remember . . . Mr. J. W. Daniel, the lion of the evening, has a rich tenor voice of much sweetness. He sang Neukomm's beautiful song "See around the Throne of God" in a most pleasing manner. He is evidently a proficient in the art of singing, and will be a great acquisition to the society . . . We understand it is intended to appoint a vocal conductor for future concerts, and that the office will, probably, be filled by Mr. Daniel.

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (11 February 1851), 2 

A tea meeting was held yesterday evening at the Baptist Chapel, in Pulteney-street . . . and the company was addressed by the Rev. Daniel, minister of the chapel . . . The evening was enlivened by the performance of sacred quartettes, &c., by Messrs. J. W. Daniel, Burford, Chinner, and Wylde . . .

"CONVERSAZIONE AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (20 February 1851), 2 

The Quarterly Conversazione of the Library and Mechanics' Institute took place at the Exchange Rooms, on Tuesday evening . . . Mr. Daniels favoured the company with several songs, and duets with Mrs. Murray. Mr. Daniels has a very rich and sweet tenor voice, and was warmly applauded . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 September 1856), 1

MISS E. C. DANIEL, TEACHER of MUSIC and SINGING. - Pupils attended at their residences any shnrt distance from town. For particulars, address Mr. J. W. Daniel, Grenfell-street.

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (16 October 1856), 3

Yesterday evening a concert was given in connection with the East Torrens Institute. The weather was exceedingly unfavourable for this the first concert, but notwithstanding all bad influences there was a good attendance. The programme contained a larger selection than usual of English melodies, and as a matter of course met with due appreciation. They were rendered tolerably well on the whole, though two circumstances have to be considered - the fact that nearly all the vocalists were amateurs, and also that there was evidently as regarded one or two pieces a want of rehearsal. The first part af the programme opened with Bishop's fine old solo and chorus, "The Chough and Crow," well sung on the whole, but wanting a little more firmness and vigour in the solo usually given by a tenor voice. Mr. Daniel, the clever conductor, then gave with considerable effect, the aria from "La Sonnambula," "As I view these scenes so charming" . . . The duet "The sailor sighs," by Balfe, sung by Mr. Daniel, tenor, and a lady amateur, contralto, was regarded apparently as one of the beat compositions of the evening. It was repeated in compliance with a warm encore. We have not time at this late hour of the evening to more fully particularize the merits or the performance, but we cannot conclude this paragraph without offering our meed of praise to Miss E. Daniel, who presided with ability and taste at the pianoforte, and to the able conductor for the skill he manifested in bringing together such an attractive programme under circumstances of some difficulty.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", South Australian Register (10 December 1856), 2

Tuesday, December 9 - The steamer Burra Burra, 337 tons, Allan Harper, master, for Melbourne via Portland. Passengers . . . Madame Anna Bishop and servant, Miss E. C. Daniel, Miss Daniel, Mrs. Watts, Messrs. Loder, Schultz, Siede . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 January 1857), 8

MISS E. C. DANIEL, Professor of Music and Singing, of considerable experience in England and in the colony of South Australia, respectfully informs the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that she gives instruction on the pianoforte, harmonium and in singing. Schools and private families attended. The highest testimonials can be obtained from the first families in Adelaide. Terms payable in advance in either study, three guineas a quarter. Address 268 Smith-street, Collingwood.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Age (29 April 1857), 4 

The second concert for the year came off yesterday evening, at the Exhibition Building, before a numerous and brilliant audience . . . Miss Daniel sang with Mrs. Goodliffe Mendelssohn's beautiful duet "I would that a single word," in a very pleasing manner, albeit there were a few discordances. Miss Daniel also sang the ballad of "Phoebe Morel" with considerable taste and feeling, but it was evident that diffidence stood in the way of success . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 December 1857), 8 

LADIES' SINGING CLASS, commencing on Monday 30th inst, conducted by Miss Daniel, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing. Terms: One Guinea per quarter. In advance. No. 2 John-street, near Bell's National School.

"ADELAIDE, Victoria [sic]", The Musical Times [London, England] (1 December 1858), 351

A concert was given by the Sacred Harmonic Society of Adelaide on the 24th of August. The Society, which is patronized by the Bishop of Adelaide and the Rev. Mr/ Gardner, as president and vice-president, has continued to improve most materially since its formation, and the music on this occasion, which was of a miscellaneous description, was remarkably well performed. Mr. J. W. Daniel was the conductor, and Mr. Chapman leader.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (10 February 1859), 1

SIGNOR CUTOLO begs to announce that he will give a CONCERT, assisted by Miss L. ROWE, Miss DANIELS, and HERR HEYDECKE (Clarionet), in WHITE'S ASSEMBLY ROOM, on THURSDAY, the 17th instant; the evening of the Agricultural and Horticultural Show . . .

"THE HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (16 April 1859), 1 supplement 

This grand concert, which we were only able briefly to notice in onr issue of yesterday, was, without exception, the best ever given in the colony. White's spacious room was crowded in every part, and a large number of the audience were compelled to stand all the evening. The presentation of the sublime oratorio of the "Messiah" by means of the combined talent of the Choral and Sacred Harmonic Societies, under distinguished patronage, offered such an attraction to the lovers of fine music and intellectual enjoyment as has not been previously afforded in the colony . . . The overture at the commencement was performed by the full orchestra in a very creditable manner. Mr. Daniel then sang "Comfort ye," and the following air, "Every valley shall be exalted." In this song he acquitted himself admirably . . . Mr. Daniels sang a recitative and air in a masterly style . . . Mr. Daniel sung the recitative "For behold darkness" very successfully. It was almost a pity that the powers of Mr. Daniel were so severely taxed, for, besides singing in choruses, he took the great bulk of the solos some of which were adapted to tenor, some to bass, and some to baritone voices. Mr. Daniel's voice is of the latter description, and if the arrangements had been made so as to do justice to the vocal powers of each singer, he would not have been suffered to take any solos except those in which a baritone voice was required. Notwithstanding Mr. Daniel's well known versatility of powers it was impossible that he could shine equally in songs requiring such different tones of voice . . . The whole of the concert proved a brilliant success . . .


The second performance of the Handel commemoration festival, came off on Thursday evening, April 14, at White's Booms. The performance consisted of "Alexander's Feast," and the music was of a more lively description than the solemn and pathetic airs with which the Messiah abounds. The opening recitative descriptive of the hero of the scene and his lovely Thais by his side, was given by Mr. Daniel very effectively. The aria immediately following was allotted to Madame Cranz; but, owing to a severe cold under which she was suffering, it was omitted by that lady and rendered by Mr. Daniel, who kindly undertook the song without any rehearsal . . .

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (8 March 1861), 3

We have received a new musical production, entitled "Gently, Mother, Gently;" words by A. C. Judson, music by E. R. Daniel [sic]. It would be difficult to decide whether this is a song or a hymn. It commences as a ballad, in what may be called the lullaby tone, and terminates most decidedly in the style of the Union Tune-Book. As, however, it is the production of a young hand due allowance must be made for defects of this kind. Few composers are distinct and original at first, even whereas in this case, no plagiarism may be intended. The air generally is pretty and simple, and, at all events, quite as new as much other music that is published of a far more ambitious character.

"POETRY", The South Australian Advertiser (12 March 1861), 3

The following are the words, by A. C. Judson, to which Miss E. R. Daniel has set the music already favorably known to the public. The words are meritorious., especially the first two stanzas: the third falls off instead of rising. The music is simple and pleasing, and as the first effort of a young composer, merits a word of praise:
Gently, mother, gently
Chide thy little one . . .

"NOARLUNGA", The South Australian Advertiser (12 September 1867), 3

. . . Miss Aitkin, accompanied by Mr. J. W. Daniel, and assisted by Miss E. Daniel, Master George Daniel, and Master William Malpas, gave a soiree musicale with readings and recitations in the Oddfellow's Hall, Wilunga, which was only well filled in the reserved seats owing to the stormy weather . . .

"MORPHETT VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (26 May 1868), 3

On Tuesday, 12th, a grand sacred music concert took place in the new Baptist Chapel, under the management of Miss E. Daniels, assisted by Mr. J. W. Daniels, of Mount Pleasant, Master Daniel, and several amateurs . . .

"RIVERTON, APRIL 22", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (1 May 1869), 7 

The Daniel family has paid this quarter a visit, and gave one of their entertainments this evening in Mr. Bathurst's hotel to a full house and highly respectable audience, who manifested their approbation of the tasteful selection by the talented conductor, Mr. J. W. Daniel, of whom it would be superfluous to say much, as his character as an accomplished musician is now so well known in the colony. Miss Daniel and her two brothers, Masters George Handel and Arthur Haydn, drew forth great applause. They bid fair to become most accomplished performers; and the family, taken together, can produce a treat to the most fastidious auditory. Another entertainment has been fixed for the benefit of a local public institution, when, no doubt, the performers, together with the good object, will be again well patronised. Some of the pieces were remarkably well sustained, and they are subjoined: -
Glees - "Hark, Apollo," "Ever True," "'Tis the Last Rose of Summer," "Where art thou, Beam of Light."
Songs, by Mr. Daniel - "Bellringer," "Man the Lifeboat," "Alonzo the Brave," "Jones's Sister."
Duets, by Mr. Daniel and Miss Daniel - "When I am far from Thee" - "The Soldier's Return."
Readings, by Mr. Daniel - "Inkermann," "Light Brigade."
Duets, by Master Arthur Haydn Daniel and his sister - "Flower Queen," and "Wind and Harp."
Piano fantasias, by George Handel Daniel, "Martha," and "Siege of Lucknow."
The readings were also well delivered, and solicited applause, particularly "Inkermann."
The piano accompaniments were played most effectually by Mr. and Master George Daniel; and, to be brief, the whole entertainment gave evidence of great ability and success in the labors of each member of this musical and artistic family. The instrumental manipulations of Master George were greatly admired.

[Advertisement], The Wallaroo Times and Mining Journal (16 June 1869), 1 

CONCERTS will be given by the DANIEL FAMILY, in the Three Townships, as under:
KADINA, in the Oddfellows' Hall, on Tuesday, June 15 and 22.
WALLAROO, at the Cornucopia Hotel, on Wednesday, June 16, and Monday, the 21st.
MOONTA, at the Prince of Wales Hotel, on Thursday and Friday, June 17th and 18th.
PORT WAKEFIELD, at Merrett's, on Wednesday, June 23.
SALISBURY, at J. Harvey's, on Thursday, 24th June.

"KADINA [From our own Correspondent] June 15, 1869", Kapunda Herald and Northern Intelligencer (18 June 1869), 3 

The Daniel Family gave an entertainment this evening in the Oddfellows Hall, there was a very good house, and a capital programme was gone through. Mr. Daniel sang with great effect, and was loudly applauded in the songs "The Sailor's Grave," and "The Englishman;" the singing of Miss and Master Haydn Daniel was highly appreciated; Mr. Handel Daniel performed very brilliantly on the pianoforte, and altogether a very pleasant evening was spent. Just before the last piece was song Mr. Daniel thanked the audience for their attendance, and stated that they would give another entertainment on Tuesday evening next.

"MRS. T. P. HILL'S ENTERTAINMENTS", South Australian Register (17 September 1874), 5

. . . Mrs. Hill affords the public an opportunity of hearing the vocal and instrumental music of Miss E. C. Daniel and Miss Brown . . .

"MORPEHTT VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (15 April 1879), 7

The anniversary services of the local Baptist Church were held on Good Friday . . . The choir, under the leadership of Miss E. Daniel, contributed some excellent music . . .

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (26 March 1890), 4 

DANIEL - On the 24th March, at Hutt street, George Frederick Daniel, eldest son of J. W. Daniel, Halifax-street, aged 38.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 June 1891), 4

DANIEL. - On the 13th June, at Halifax-street, Josiah Wyke, beloved husband of Mary Jane Daniel, aged 65 years.

THE LATE MR. J. W. DANIEL", South Australian Register (15 June 1891), 4

On Saturday morning Mr. Josiah Wyke Daniel, an old and respected colonist, breathed his last. Mr. Daniel arrived in the colony from England in 1850, and was for many years engaged in the soft-goods business in Adelaide. For a time, too, he was a storekeeper at Mount Pleasant. During the last twelve years he was in the Civil Service as store-keeper at the Government Printing Office. The deceased always took a lively interest in promoting the study of music, and, possessing. a rich voice, he was highly thought of as a vocalist, and will be much missed from musical circles. He had only a brief illness, and he leaves a widow and grown-up family.

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (15 June 1891), 2

We announce with regret the death of Mr. J. W, Daniel, which occurred at his residence, Halifax-street, on Saturday morning. Mr. Daniel, who arrived in this colony in 1850, settled in the city and rapidly made himself popular by his musical abilities and genial disposition. He officiated for years as organist in the leading churches in the colony, and business pursuits necessitating his removal to Mount Pleasant he acted for 13 years in the same capacity in that town. Returning again to Adelaide Mr. Daniel undertook the duties of organist at the North Adelaide Congregational Church, later on at Chalmer's Church and finally at the Rev. F. W. Cox's Church, in Hindmarsh-square, where he remained until his death. Mr. Daniel was perhaps the first to introduce to this colony the juvenile song services, which have since become so popular, and he will long be remembered for his praiseworthy efforts to instil into the children a love for that music with which he himself was so thoroughly imbued. For some years past Mr. Daniel 1ms held the position of storekeeper at the Government Printing Office. He was taken ill on Monday last, but it was not until Thursday that any serious result was anticipated, and great sympathy is expressed with the widow and family in their sudden bereavement. The funeral which took place on Sunday, was very largely attended by all classes of the community, and a fitting tribute to the memory of the deceased was pronounced by the Rev. F. W. Cox, who officiated at the grave.

"PERSONAL PARS", Quiz and the Lantern (19 June 1891), 6 

Adelaide has sustained a musical loss by the death of Mr. J. W. Daniel, for many years store keeper at the Government Printing Office. How many remember his rendering of "Tea in the arbor."

"THE LATE MRS. J. W. DANIEL", The Express and Telegraph (4 May 1904), 1

Mrs. Daniel, widow of Mr. J. W. Daniel, who, a few years ago, was well-known in Adelaide as a vocalist, died at her residence, Halifax-street east, on Wednesday morning, at the age of 76 years. She arrived in 1850 from England, and resided in this State until the time of her death. The deceased left five daughters and one son - Mesdames E. Scrymgour, A. J. Billin, E. Scott, T. L. Smith, and R. A. Wadham, and Mr. A. H. Daniel.

H. Brewster Jones, "MEMORIES OF CARL LINGER", The Advertiser (24 February 1936), 17

. . . It does not need any stretch of the imagination to picture J. W. Daniel the leading bass [sic] soloist of these times, and Carl Linger's right-hand man, who acted as choral master for the first performance of "The Messiah" in 1859, as one of the central figures in this graveside performance in February, 1862.

Mr. J. W. Daniel was bass soloist at Bath Abbey, in England, before coming to Australia in 1850. He was the son of a Baptist minister, and worthily upheld the family tradition in his activities in South Australia. He was the first to introduce the "tonic-sol-fa" system here, and on Saturday afternoons he taught as many as 500 children sacred songs and hymn tunes, Master Arthur Daniel, his son, leading the singing with his cornet. He died on June 13, 1891, aged 65.

In an interesting chat with Mr. Arthur Daniel, at the South Park bowling green on Friday, I was shown mementoes of the past, including a volume of the bass solos of "The Messiah" bound in red Morocco leather, with the initials J.W.D. in gold letters on the cover. This book was used 75 years ago by his father at the performance mentioned above. Mr. Arthur Daniel, who sang Sullivan's "Tit-Willow," with magpie-call interpolations, and rechristened "The Magpie," for 50 years or more, also told some interesting anecdotes of his father's career and his own. Mr. Daniel, although unable now to give his inimitable imitation of a magpie, can nevertheless give a faithful performance of the English cuckoo call, which he did on Friday. This versatile gentleman played the cornet in the Philharmonic Orchestra in 1873 - he was then 16 years of age - and Mr. Stephen Parsons, who was a member of the audience, well remembers the incident. It was a performance of "The Messiah" given by the same society Carl Linger had conducted 14 years earlier at its first presentation in this State . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 May 1933), 1 

SCRYMGOUR - On the 30th April, at her residence, Ourowlie, View street, Mornington, Emily dearly beloved wife of Edmund Scrymgour, loving mother of Rhoda (Mrs. Mayden), aged 78 years. - Our little mother at rest. Rest after weariness.

"DEATH", News [Adelaide, SA] (21 October 1937), 4 

DANIEL. - On October 20, at 28 Hughes street, North Unley, Arthur Haydn, second son of the late J. W. and Mary Daniel, beloved brother of Mrs. Ladyman Smith, Mrs. E. Scott. and Mrs. M. A. Wadham. In his eighty-first year . . .

Musical works

Anthems, marked and pointed for chanting the services of the Church of England by J. W. Daniel (Adelaide: Printed by Hilton and Co., 1854)

Copy at the State Library of Victoria 

Gently, mother, gently ("words by A. C. Judson, music by E. R. Daniel" [sic]) ([Adelaide: ?, 1861])



Professor of music, piano maker, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by March 1843
Last documented Bathurst, NSW, April 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Daniell advertised his arrival in Sydney in March 1843 as a "Professor of Music and Pianoforte-maker", formerly of John Broadwood and Sons, London. An unclaimed letter to "Mr. Daniels, Professor of Music" was advertised in the Sydney Herald in May 1843 was probably for him.

His name appears as Jonah Daniell in notice of birth of a son, at his house in "Rushcutter Bay" in May 1846 (again given as his address on the titlepage of the quadrilles below).

At the Bachelors Ball at Windsor in June 1848, "The music was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums", again probably a reference to him and the violinist Wilson.

He advertised his return to the colony in March 1852, but there is no indication of where he had been, or how long he was away.

He arranged or composed two published works. A copy of the 1848 set La militaire quadrilles survives in the State Library of New South Wales. However, no copy has yet been identified of his The Great Britain polka, celebrating the arrival of the steam-ship and published by Henry Marsh.


[Advertisement], The Australian (10 March 1843), 3

MR. DANIELL, Professor of Music and Pianoforte-maker, from Broadwood's, London; takes an opportunity of informing the nobility and gentry of Sydney and its surrounding districts, that he attends Quadrille parties and provides Bands, having a choice selection of Quadrilles, by Herz, Musard, Strauss, &c. Pianofortes tuned on the approved principle of equal temperament. All kinds of musical instruments repaired. Satisfactory references can be given. At Mr. Clarke's, King-street East.

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1843), 4

. . . Mr. Daniels, professor of music . . .

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1846), 3

On Saturday, the 9th instant, at her residence, Rushcutter Bay, the wife of Mr. Jonah Daniell, of a son.

"NEW MUSIC", Sydney Chronicle (29 February 1848), 3

We have been peculiarly gratified by hearing played a piece of music adapted to the first set of Quadrilles, and arranged for the Piano-forte by Mr. J. Daniell, from some of the most favorite airs of France, Italy, and Germany. The music is exceedingly well suited as an accompaniment to the mystic mazes of the dance, whilst the melody and arrangement reflect great credit on the compiler. We venture to predict, that they will shortly become great favourites with the citizens, more especially as they will shortly be played by the band of the 99th regiment. The set is termed "La Militaire," and is dedicated to the Lady of Major General Wynyard.

"MUSICAL", The Australian (10 March 1848), 3

We have received a copy of La Militaire, a set of Quadrilles, selected from the airs of various nations; harmonized and arranged for the Piano-forte, and dedicated, by permission, to the Lady of Major-General Wynyard, C. B., by J. Daniell. We very sincerely congratulate Mr. D. upon the appearance of this very graceful publication, which reflects the highest credit upon him as a tasteful and classical harmonist. We feel satisfied that very few of our fair readers will be long without this agreeable addition to their musical portfolio.

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 March 1848), 1

SELECTED from airs of various Nations, harmonised and arranged for the Pianoforte, and most respectfully dedicated, by permission, to the Lady of His Excellency Major General Wynyard, C. B., Commander of Her Majesty's Forces in New South Wales, by J. Daniell. Price, 5s.
To be had of all the principal Music-sellers and Stationers in Sydney; also, of the Author, Rushcutter's Bay.
Mr. Daniell takes the present opportunity of stating that he will leave Sydney for his annual journey to Bathurst, &c, in all March.
March 1, 1848.

"WINDSOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 June 1848), 3

The news of this week is scarcely worth recording, except for the circumstance that some of our Bachelors gave a Ball at Coffey's Hotel last evening. Many casualties contributed to prevent a numerous assemblage of the elite of the district, but withal there was a goodly number, and everything passed off in a manner highly creditable to those engaged in it. Coffey, with his usual good taste, provided a most excellent supper and made the table literally groan under the weight of all the good things of this life. The music was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums; in fact everything was conducted in such a way as to elicit expressions of satisfaction from every guest.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1852), 1 

MR. DANIELL having just returned to the colony, begs to inform his friends and patrons that he has again resumed his profession. All business communications, from either town or country, addressed to the care of Mr. MOFFITT, stationer, Pitt-street, or No. 90, Phillip-street, punctually attended to. N.B. - Pianos on hire. March 6.

"THE POLICE REGISTER . . . BED CLAIMS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (24 April 1852), 3 

"Your Worships," said Mr. John Daniell, of Rushcutters Bay, pianoforte maker, "I have been wofully deceived by Messrs. Butler and Thornton, upholsterers, who are now standing before you . . ."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1852), 3

NEW MUSIC - Just published, the GREAT BRITAIN POLKA. Composed by Mr. J. A. DANIELL, and dedicated by special permission, to Captain Matthews and the Officers or the Great Britain, steam-ship. To be had of H. MARSH AND CO., 490 1/2, George-street; Mr. Moffat; G. Hudson, Pitt-street, and of the Author, Rushcutters Bay. Price, 2s. enamelled title pages; gilt ditto, 2s. 6d.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (6 December 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING, Monday, December 6, 1852 . . . Shakespeare's Play of THE MERCHANT OF VENICE . . . Previous to the Afterpiece, the Band will perform the Great Britain Polka, composed by Mr. J. A. Daniell . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1852), 2

. . . composed by Mr. J. A. Daniell, and arranged for the Orchestra by Mr. Gibbs"

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1852), 3 

PERSONS desirous of forwarding to their friends in Europe a copy of the above much admired Polka, composed by Mr. DANIELL, are reminded that the Great Britain steamship's mail will close this day, at 12 o'clock, and that it has been printed on thin paper, expressly for the purpose of economy in postage charges. The same is played nightly at the Royal Victoria Theatre. To be had of H. MARSH and Co., 490 1/2, George-street; Mr. MOFFITT; G. HUDSON, Pitt-street; and of the Author, Rushcutters Bay.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 April 1855), 3

J. A. DANIELL, Professor of Music,
BEING about to visit Bathurst for the purpose of tuning and repairing Pianofortes, would feel; obliged by those families who have hitherto favoured him with their patronage, in leaving their address at the office of this paper.

"DONATIONS TO THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM DURING AUGUST, 1855", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1855), 5 

. . . An Ostracion from Watson's Bay. Presented by Mr. J. A. Daniell . . .

Musical works:

La militaire quadrilles (1848)

La militaire quadrilles, selected from airs of various nations, harmonized and arranged for the piano forte, and most respectfully dedicated by permission to the lady of his excellency major general Wynyard, C.B., commander of her majesty's forces in New South Wales, by J. Daniell (Rushcutters Bay: Author, [1848]) (DIGITISED)

The Great Britain polka (1852)

The Great Britain polka, composed by Mr. J. A. DANIELL, and dedicated by special permission, to Captain Matthews and the Officers or the Great Britain, steam-ship (Sydney: ? For the author, 1852)


D'ANNA, Giuseppe (Giuseppe D'ANNA; Joseph D'ANNA, jun.)

Bandmaster (H.M.S. Endymion [The Flying Squadron]), composer

Born Naples, Italy, 1842
Visited Hobart, TAS, Melbourne, VIC, & Sydney, NSW, December 1869
Died Buffalo, NY, USA, 1918'Anna+d1918 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'ANNA-Giuseppe (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after

Served as bandsman in the English Royal Navy on the Hannibal in the Mediterranean, 1860; bandmaster of HMS Endymion (1865-1881) of the Royal Navy in Portsmouth; 26 November 1869 to 7 December 1869 he was in Melbourne Australia with the Endymion, one of the Flying Squadron that sailed around the world between June 1869 and November 1870.


"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (4 December 1869), 2 

Mr. G. D'Anna, the bandmaster of the Endymion has composed a waltz of considerable merit which has been highly spoken of by those who have heard it. The piece is now in course of publication by Mr. Troedel, of Swanston-street.

[News], The Argus (7 December 1869), 5

The Flying Squadron possesses not only its poet but also its musical composer. Mr. D'Anna, the bandmaster of the Endymion, has sent us a copy of a very lively and dance able waltz, entitled the "Flying Squadron Waltz," composed by himself, and published by Mr. C. Troedel, of 100 Swanston-street. The lithographed frontispiece is executed in Mr. Troedel's best style, the design being really effective and appropriate.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Troedel

Amateur performance by the officers of the flying squadron . . . in aid of the funds of the School of Industry, this Friday evening, December 17, 1869 ([Sydney: s.n.,] 1869) 

[Advertisement], Evening News [Sydney, NSW] (22 December 1869), 3

Given by the seamen of H.M. Ship of War, ENDYMION . . .
The world-renowned and SPLENDID BAND OF H.M.S. ENDYMION, under the direction of Mr. G. D'ANNA, will, by kind permission of Captain Lacy, attend the theatre, and daring the evening discourse most eloquent music . . .

Musical works by D'Anna (colonial editions):

Flying Squadron waltz (1869)

Flying Squadron waltz, composed by Giuseppe d'Anna, bandmaster of H.M.S. Endymion (Melbourne: C. Troedel, [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Musical works by resident composers celebrating the visit:

Flying Squadron galop (by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c) (Sydney: n.p., [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Flying Squadron galop (by W. H. Spiller) (Hobart: Walch and Sons., [1869] (DIGITISED)

Flying Squadron galop (by N. La Feuillade) (Melbourne: Troedel, [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Anna, Giuseppe d' (Danna, Joseph) jun.1842-1918",

Frederick W. Thornsby (ed.), Dictionary of organs and organists (1912), 338

THOMPSON, G. HERBERT, Station Road, Winslow, Bucks. Born 1871 at Ventnor, I.O.W. Trained under Giuseppe D'Anna, of Ventnor . . .

Cindy McCreery, "Neighbourly relations: nineteenth-century Western navies' interactions in the Asia-Pacific region", in Robert Aldrich and Kirsten McKenzie (eds.), The Routledge history of Western empires (Routledge, 2013)

D'APICE, Charles (Carlo Francisco Luigi; Signor; Chevalier; Cavaliere; also Carlo SICA)

See main page Charles d'Apice


Governor of NSW

Born c. 1772
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1825 (per Catherine Stewart Forbes, from London, via Hobart Town)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1831 (per Hooghly, for England)
Died Brighton, Sussex, England, 2 April 1858 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

DARLING, Eliza (Elizabeth DUMARESQ; Lady Ralph DARLING)

Amateur musician, musical patron

Born West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England, 10 November 1798
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1825 (per Catherine Stewart Forbes, from London, via Hobart Town)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1831 (per Hooghly, for England)
Died Hartfield, East Sussex, England, 3 September 1868 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Letter, Eliza Darling (Sydney, NSW), to her brother Edward Dumaresq, 9 March 1826; Allport Library, Hobart (ed. in Fletcher, Ralph Darling: a governor maligned, 210)

We are very gay, Dinner Parties on Tuesday and Fridays - on the evening of Friday Music - and on Tuesdays a Ball - two Quadrilles of twelve - Henry has found a Blind Fiddler and two men who play the Pandean Pipes. These he calls his Vagabonds.

Letter Elizabeth Macarthur (NSW), to Eliza Kingdon, March 1827; ed. Macarthur (Onslow) 1914, 458

Our present Governor General Darling entertains strangers frequently. There are evening parties once a week at the Governor's House. Mrs. Darling is perfectly accomplished in music and exerts herself to please all. Our present greatest annoyance is from a licentious Press. We have four editors of newspapers, who every week publish so much trash and pour forth such torrents of abuse against every person and everything respectable.

Bibliography and resources:

"Elizabeth Darling", Design & Art Australia online 

"Darling, Eliza (1798-1868)", People Australia 

DARWIN, Charles (Charles DARWIN)

See main page:

DASTON, Harriet Elizabeth (Miss Harriet DASTON; Harriett; Madame DASTON; Mrs. Frank Ebenezer WORRELL)

Soprano vocalist, "opera singer"

Born London, c. 1836, daughter of George DASTON (d. 1890) and Harriet BEARD (d. 1874)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 September 1856 (immigrants per Lloyds, from London)
Married Frank Ebenezer WORRELL (d. 1895), NSW, 1857
Died Tungamah, VIC, 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Marmaduke Wilson (pianist, Maitland, 1864), Thomas Zeplin (conductor, Melbourne, 1867); Joseph Megson (violinist, Melbourne, 1867)

MUSIC: Kathleen Mavourneen (Crouch); Kate Kearney (Lee); By the sad sea waves (Benedict); I'll be no submissive wife (Lee)


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Anne, Soho, London; UK National Archives, HO 107/1510 (PAYWALL)

9 Richmond Buildings / George Daston / Head / 47 / Nightman / [born] Devon ? Owrbry
Harriet [Daston] / Wife / 49 / Needlewoman / Berks, Maidenhead
George [Daston] / Son / 9 / Mid'x St. James
Harriet [Daston] / Dau'r / 15 / Opera Singer / [Mid'x] St. Giles

List of Immigrants per Ship Lloyds, arrived the 4th day of Setptember 1856; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Daston George / 46 / Carpenter / [born] Devon / [Read and Write] Both
Harriett / 47 / Wife / Berks / [both]
Harriett / 20 / Housemaid / Middles'x / [both] . . .

"BREACH OF THE MASTERS AND SERVANTS ACT", The Maitland Mercury (21 October 1856), 2

William Aitkins was summoned to appear before the bench, at West Maitland, yesterday to answer a breach of this act, by refusing to pay Harriet Daston the sum of £2 due to her. The money was paid into court.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1857), 1

. . . the managers have much pleasure in announcing to the public they have succeeded in closing an engagement with the celebrated Miss Harriet Daston, (late of the Royal Academy, London) . . . [largely as below]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

CONCERT. CONCERT. CONCERT.- Great attraction. -
Mr. HENRY LIESLY, the great American bone player, and delineator of Ethiopian character is continuing his engagement at the Rainbow Tavern Concert Hall,
Mr. MYERS', late Mr. Toogood's, corner of Pitt and King streets; and the managers have much pleasure in announcing to the public they have succeeded in closing an engagement
with the celebrated Miss Harriet Daston, (late of the Royal Academy, London),
and, united with the following company, are nightly drawing a crowded and delighted audience. Pianist, Mrs. Platt; singers, Miss H. Daston, Mr. Turner, Mr. H. Liesly, Mr. Smith, Mr. Davis. Managers, Messrs. Platt and Shearhy.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (2 November 1861), 1

MONDAY, NOVEMBER 4TH, 1861, To Mr. R. A. NICOLS, of the East Maitland and Morpeth Amateur Serenaders,
on which occasion Madam H. Daston, the celebrated Soprano, and some of the West Maitland Amateur Serenaders, have kindly offered their services.
Song. - Kathleen Mavourneen - MADAME H. DASTON . . .
Song. - I'll be no Submissive Wife - MADAME H. DASTON . . .
Song - Kate Kearney - MADAME H. DASTON . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 August 1864), 1 

CONCERT - CONCERT. A GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF The Building Fund of the Maitland School of Arts, Will be given in the Hall, on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, 22ND INSTANT.
The Entertainment will consist of the following PROGRAMME :
PART I . . . 4. Song - "Kathleen Mavourneen" - Mrs. Frank Worrell
PART II . . . 15. Song - "By the sad sea waves" - Mrs. Frank Worrell
Mr. Marmaduke Wilson will preside at the piano . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1867), 8

VARIETIES. Sole Proprietor and Director - Mr. T. Coker. Acting Manager - Mr. De la Chapelle.
GRAND RE-OPENING NIGHT, Great improvements, brilliant decorations, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5.
Engagement of the distinguished cantatrice, Miss ANNIE BRAMLEY, From the Royal Academy of Music, London, whose first appearance at Lyster's Opera di Camera created such a sensation.
Madame Daston, from the New York Opera-house (first appearance in Australia).
Miss Emma Weippert, characteristic vocalist. . .
Musical Conductor - Mr. Fr. Zeplin. Pianist - Mr. Montague. Leader of the Grand Orchestra - Mr. T. Zeplin . . .

[News], The Argus (12 November 1867), 5

An action was tried yesterday, in the County Court, Worrell and Wife v. Coker, in which the plaintiff sought to recover nine guineas for three weeks' salary to the wife, introduced to the public as Madame Daston, For the plaintiffs it was proved that Madame Daston had sung for five nights at the Varieties, on account of her engagement with the defendant, and after that her name had been omitted from the bills; she had been paid three guineas as for one week's work and labour, and in full of all demands to date; but she was then summarily dismissed, although engaged for a month. For the defence several professionals were called, who stated that, although well received, as all the artistes were, on the opening night, Madame Daston was hissed off the stage each evening thereafter. One witness described her singing of "Dermot Asthore" as equal to half the length of Bourke-street; and another gave a more abbreviated but equally unhealthy opinion of her execution, that there was little music in it, and that what little there was was from the impulse of her own genius, the songs announced as by popular composers being sung in a style quite independent of the maestro's invention; this created a difficulty, as the instrumentalists were unable to accompany her satisfactorily. The judge gave a verdict for the defendant.

"GENERAL NEWS", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (16 November 1867), 7 

Mr. Coker, the proprietor of the Varieties, was on Monday the defendant in a case in the County Court, being summoned by Mr. and Mrs. Worrell for three weeks' salary, at £3 3s. per week, alleged to be due to Mrs. Worrell. The facts shown were that prior to the re-opening of the Varieties, Mrs. Worrell answered an advertisement from the manager for professionals seeking engagement, and in consequence of her representations was engaged for one month as a singer at a salary of £3 3s. per week. She yesterday gave evidence that she had sung at many of the principal theatres, opera-houses, and music-halls in London, and also in California. After she had sung five nights at the Varieties, her name was removed from the programme, and she was paid only one week's salary. The defence was, that Mrs. Worrell was thoroughly incompetent for the engagement she had made, and was, therefore, not entitled to demand the fulfillment of the engagement. Mr. Wilton, stage manager of the Varieties, described Mrs. Worrell's vocalisation and musical powers as the most wonderful he had ever heard in public for incapacity. The people, he said, hissed her whenever she appeared and disappeared, and kept up all manner of laughter, noises, and signs of disapprobation while she was on the stage. The first song she delivered was "Kathleen Mavourneen;" and besides her thorough want of voice, she did not understand the music. The word "Kathleen," he said, she made half as long as Swanston street. The song was then changed, and the "Sad Sea Waves" was tried with the same melancholy results. Mr. Megson, a musician, also one of the Varieties company, deposed that if Mrs. Worrell, whose nom de theatre is Madame Daston, had ever possessed a voice, "it was gone," and that she never had had any musical education. Mr. Zeplin, the conductor of the orchestra, stated Madam Daston's singing was positively ridiculous, and the composers had nothing whatever to do with the tune or time she kept, both being peculiarly her own. His Honour Judge Pohlman returned a verdict for defendant, without costs. Mr. Worrell conducted his own case; Mr. Spensley appeared for defendant.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson; Thomas Zeplin

On her mother, Harriet Beard (Mrs. George Daston):

"INSULTING LANGUAGE", The Maitland Mercury (25 December 1866), 3

. . . yesterday, Harriet Daston was convicted of using insulting language towards Elizabeth Pinfold on the 3rd instant. She was lined 5s., with 6s. 6d. costs, in default of payment, three days' imprisonment.

"OBSCENE LANGUAGE", The Maitland Mercury (9 September 1869), 4

On Monday, at the West Maitland police court, Harriet Daston was brought before the bench charged with making use of obscene language in George street, Horse-shoe Bend, on the 29th August ultimo. The expressions sworn to were of very disgusting character; the witnesses being residents in the street, who complained of being constantly annoyed by language similar in effect. On this particular day, prisoner was in liquor, but knew what she [was] doing. She was convicted, and fined 60s. and 7s. 8d. costs; in default of payment, one month's imprisonment.

"MALICIOUS DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY", The Maitland Mercury (8 November 1870), 2

"DRUNKENNESS", The Maitland Mercury (27 February 1872), 3

"DEATH OF DISEASE OF THE HEART", The Maitland Mercury (24 March 1874), 3

On Saturday afternoon an old woman, sixty-five years of age, named Harriet Daston (known about West Maitland as "Old Grannie Daston"), died at the residence of her husband, in the Horse-shoe Bend. She had been ailing for the past eight or nine days, and was suffering from erysipelas of the legs. She was addicted to drinking and when in liquor would often be out at night . . . About four o'clock her daughter, who lived next door, heard a strange noise in her mother's house . . .

DAVIDSON, Alexander (Alexander DAVIDSON)

Bassoon player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

. . . Their bass instruments are of the first description, for in addition to the Bassoons, the Serpent, and last though not least the Ophecleide . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

. . . Bassoons - Messrs. Hill, Davidson, McGuiness.
Serpents - Messrs. Fowler, Whittaker.
Trombones - Messrs. McLaughlin, Lee, Ennis.
Ophecleides - Messrs. T. Martin, Waterstone.
Bombardone - Mr. Blackie . . .

DAVIES, David (David DAVIES; DAVIS; "Dai'r Cantwr", David the singer; David the cantor)

Singer, leader of psalmody, precentor, violinist

Born Llancarfan, Glamorgan, Wales, c. 1812; son of John and Mary DAVIES
Convicted Carmarthen assizes, Wales, 22 December 1843, sentenced to transportation for 20 years
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 July 1844 (convict per London, from England, 12 March)
Ticket of leave, April 1854; conditional pardon, 14 August 1855
Died Ross, TAS, August 1874, aged "60"'r+cantwr (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)



A few nights since an attack was made upon the Gwenwyth Iron Works at Pont-y-Beren by a number of men; they surrounded the house at between 1 and 2 o'clock in the morning, and fired several shots, commenced battering at the door, demanding to have the managing clerk, Mr. Slocombe, brought out to them. His wife in the most heroic manner presented herself at an upstairs window, and demanded who they were, and what they wanted with her husband? The answer of the leader was "I am Rebecca, and we demand to see him instantly." The wife, however, firmly refused, stating that her husband was not there. Finding that they could not gain admission, they said Mr. "Newman the proprietor of the works, in whose house Mr. Slocombe resides, has behaved well, and we will not hurt him; but if Mr. Slocombe is not out of the country within a week, we will make him a head shorter;" they then fired some more shots, and made off. It appears that several persons who were present at [t]his outrage had been forced from their houses to join them, and consequently information was given to the magistrates that the ringleaders were John Jones, alias Shioni Yacyborfawr, a man of about 30 years of age, and David Davies, alias Dai y Cantwr, or David the Singer, and that before they proceeded to Mr. Newman's house they had met on the Bryn Dyleth Mountain, and, having separated, had gone by the way of Pont y-Berem, and Trymsaran, pressing men to join them; they then proceeded to a house called the Stag and Pheasant, where they disguised themselves, and proceeded to Mr. Newman's. In consequence of this information, warrants were granted, and placed in the bands of Inspector Tierney, who with 18 men of division, and accompanied by a person well acquainted with the country, last Thursday week scoured the mountains, searching every public-house and suspicious place, and at a public-house near the Five Roads they succeeded, about 12 o'clock last Thursday night week, in apprehending David Davies, who was immediately handcuffed and conveyed in a cart to Llanelly, where he was placed in the custody of the military at the workhouse. On Friday further efforts were made, at about 11 o'clock Jones was apprehended at a place in the mountains called the Tumble. Both the prisoners were conveyed to Carmarthen fur examination. The first examination took place on Monday before Col. Trevor and Mr. Prytherch; reporters were denied admittance.

"ARREST OF JOHN JONES AND DAVID DAVIES", Welshman [Carmarthen, Wales] (6 October 1843), 3

[TEXT largely as above with the addition of the following: - ]

The prisoners were then remanded until Thursday, and again after an examination of several hours, were once more remanded until Monday next. Several charges were brought against them; amongst which was one for destroying Spudders Bridge toll house.

"THE WINTER ASSIZES", Welshman (8 December 1843), 3

John Jones alias Shoni-scyborfawr, Tinker, Darid Davies, alias Dai y Cantwr, Miner, charged with a Riot on the 23rd day of Sept. last, or early on the following morning, at Coalbrook works, in the parish of Llanon, in this county. - John Jones further charged with having, on the said 23rd day, or early the following Morning, at Coalbrook aforesaid, discharged a loaded gun, at one Rebecca Slocombe, with intent to murder her. - John Jones, and David Davies, further charged with having, on the 17th day of September last, at Spudder's Bridge, in the parish of Pembrey, in this county, demolished, pulled down, and destroyed the dwelling house of one Thomas Walter. - John Jones, further charged with having, on the 19th day of Aug. last, at Porthyrhyd, in the parish of Llandamg, in this county, demolished, pulled down, and destroyed the dwelling house of one John Lewis. - John Jones, further charged with having, on the 15th day of Sept. last, at Tyryonis, in the parish of Llandarog, in this county, feloniously begun to demolish, pull down, and destroyed the dwelling house of one Esau Thomas. - John Jones, further charged with having, on the 18th day of Sept. last at the parish of Llanon, in this county, attempted to discharge a gun, at one James Banning, with intent to murder him. - John Jones, lastly charged with having, on the 29th day of August last, unlawfully entered the dwelling house of one John Evans, Gellyglyd, in the parish of Llanon, in this county, and then and there a gun, feloniously did steal, take, and carry away.

[CARMARTHEN ASSIZES], Cambrian (6 January 1844)

. . . John Jones alias Shoni-Scyborfawr and David Davies, alias Dai-y-Cantwr, were then placed at the bar, for the purpose of receiving the sentence of the Court. In passing sentence his Lordship addressed the prisoners as follows: - John Jones, you have been convicted of shooting at a fellow subject with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm . . . it is utterly impossible I can allow you any longer to remain in this country, or ever to return to it. You David Davies may not be sent away for so long a time, but still a long term of years - probably the greater portion of those which remain to you -  must be passed in a foreign land. How different will your position there be from that which it has been here. Here you were at liberty to choose your own master - sort of service - and to quit it if you did not like it; earning wages which you might enjoy and dispose of at your own option. No such liberty remains for you. You will be placed under a task-master, not chosen by yourself. You will hate to do the work which you are ordered to do, and not work chosen by yourself. You will not be allowed to quit it however irksome to you. Payment for it you will have none, except as much food as will preserve your strength, and enable you to continue your forced and unpaid labour. You will be not in name but in fact slaves; for to that I must sentence you for your guilt and for the protection of the public of this country. The sentence of the Court upon you John Jones is, that you be transported beyond the seas for the term of your natural life; and the sentence of the Court upon you David Davies is, that for this offence to which you have pleaded guilty, you be transported for the term of twenty years. - The prisoners heard the sentence with smiles of indifference. -  They were handcuffed and removed from the dock.

Voluntary examination and statement of David Davies (Dai'r Cantwr), 17 January 1844; 

Convict record, "Cantivr, Dai" [sic], David Davies, per London; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1378956; CON33-1-56P53$init=CON33-1-56P53 (DIGITISED)

"Supreme Court Office, 8th March, 1852 . . . TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 March 1852), 184 

. . . David Davies, London . . .

"ORIGINAL LETTERS FROM AUSTRALIA", Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Brecon Gazette (15 January 1853), 3

By the kindness of Captain DONOVAN, of this town, we have been favoured with the subjoined valuable letter from Australia, written by Mr. Ishmael Jones, sawyer, formerly landlord of the White Lion public-house, Union street . . . On the 25th of June last Mr. Jones set out for Australia, from Kingroad, in the Deborah, but left his wife and children here; and the very sensible letter, with which we have been so kindly obliged, is addressed by him to his family. It is as follows:-

Melbourne, Victoria, Sept. 26th, 1832. My dear Wife and Children, I arrived here on the 15th instant . . . Shoni 'Seubor Fawr and Dai'r Cantwr are both liberated, and doing well . . .

"Audit Office, 4th February, 1854 . . . TICKETS OF LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 February 1854), 8 

. . . David Davies, London . . .

1874, deaths in the district of Campbell Town; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1159798; RGD35/1/43 no 66$init=RGD35-1-43p46 (DIGITISED)

66 / 1972 / August 10th 1874 / David Davies / between 60 & 70 / Labourer / Suffocation . . .

"BURNT TO DEATH (From a correspondent)", Launceston Examiner (15 August 1874), 5 

A melancholy affair occurred at Ross on the night of the 10th inst., by which an old man between 60 and 70, named David Davis, but better known as "Taff Davis," lost his life . . .


. . . Chief Secretary's Office, Hobart, October 7, 1890.
Sir, - In reply to your letter of the 7th of August last, addressed to his Excellency the Governor, requesting to be furnished with particulars respecting David Davies, alias "Dai'r Cantwr," I have to inform you that, your communication and enclosure having been referred to the Warden of Ross, I now forward for your information a copy of a report, dated the 2nd instant. I also transmit a copy of your printed enclosure, headed "The Leaders of the Rebecca Riots," which appeared in the Western Mail, Cardiff, of the 7th of August, 1890. - I have the honour to be, sir, your obedient servant, P. FYSH, Chief Secretary.

"Morien," care of Editor, Western Mail, Cardiff, Wales.
[COPY] Office of Superintendent of Police, Ross, 2nd of October, 1890.
The Worshipful the Warden. Sir, - Re David Davies - This man was living at the Ross Hotel, Ross, and slept in one of the out-houses on the night of the 11th of August, 1874. He had been drinking, and went to his bedroom at about 9.30 p.m., and on the morning of the 12th he was found burnt to death. An inquest was held the same day by Adam Jackson, Esq., coroner, when a the verdict was returned of "Accidentally burnt to death." It was supposed that he had been lighting his pipe during the night, and accidentally set fire to his bed-clothes. He was buried as a pauper by the Government.- I have, &c., (Signed), WALTER PRICE, Superintendent of Police.
William H. Bennett, Warden.


. . . 55 years ago I knew "Shoni Scubor Fawr" by sight, but I never spoke to him. He was a great pugilist, but a quiet a and inoffensive man. For some purpose or other, in the year 1843 he went down West (to Camarthenshire, I believe), when David Davies ("Dai'r Cantwr") and Shoni were a induced to join the Rebecca rioters . . . David Davies was called "Dai'r Cantwr" because he had acted as leader of choirs in Monmouthshire and played the violin. He was very popular with the singers. When in Carmarthen Gaol, in 1843, he composed thie well-known song "Drych i fyd wyf i fod." In that year Shoni Soubor Fawr and Dai were transported for twenty yeears for their action a with the 'Beccas. When I went to Hobart Town, in Tasmania . . . in 1856, I dined one Sunday with Mr. John Thomas, who at one time owned, with his brother David, Darran Ddu Colliery, Pontypridd. He (J. Thomas) was then Government surveyor in Tasmania, and he told me that he used to take Shoni out of gaol every morning and take him back in the evening. He was compelled to do so. I, therefore, had no opportunity of seeing Shoni. I then made up my mind, as I travelled from Hobart Town to Launceston . . . to make inquiries about Dai'r Cantwr. When the coach arrived at a place called Oatlands we had to wait there for twenty minutes, so I inquired where Dai'r Cantur lived. I found the house, but Dal was not in, being at work on a contract on the Government road. I, however, called at Jones's house (Frost, Williams, and Jones, the Chartists), but, unfortunately, he was out, and I did not see him . . . Then I went to see Williams, but again I was disappointed . . . I, however, saw his son Llewellyn, who came to Melbourne about the year 1858. He was a native of Caerphilly, and was a splendid performer on the harp. He had typhoid fever in Melbourne, and was ill for a long time. He shortly afterwards returned to Caerphilly, and died there . . . A few years ago "Morien" and I made inquiries respecting Dai'r Cantwr, and we received a communication from the Governor of Tasmania, in which he stated that Dai, who lived in a small hut, had been burnt to death about seventeen years ago. One night, after retiring to rest, his hut caught dire, with the result just stated.

"GLIMPSES OF OLD WELSH DANCES. A CLUE YIELDED IN THE NORTH. By Mr. SAM JONES, Liverpool", Western Mail [Wales] (12 April 1926), 9

HOLYWELL, Saturday . . . We have already collected three folk-tunes. The first was obtained in the Swansea Valley from an old gentleman 92 years of age, and it bears some resemblance to "Chewer Can Mlynedd," which appears in "Alawon Gwerin Mon" (Grace Gwyneddon Davies). The tune sung to us certainly possesses a stamp of greeter antiquity than the Anglesey air, being composed in the Dorian mode. The old gentleman heard it sung 70 years ago by Dai y Cantwr and Shoni 'Sgubor Fawr, two of the old ballad singers whose names have become a tradition in Wales . The simplicity and solemnity of the old tune constitute a perfect garb for those famous words, "P'le byddaf mewn can mlynedd." It was but natural that the old Welshman should indulge in reminiscences of those quaint old characters, of how Dai and Shoni were transported to Van Diemen's Land for 21 years and life respectively, for their active part in the Rebecca Riots . . .

Musical sources:

Hymn tunes:

? D. Davis, "Dysgwyliad" [8 and 7], in Richard Mills, Caniadau Seion (1853), 145 (DIGITISED)


Y negro du, a gyfansoddwyd gan Dai'r Cantwr pan oedd yn alltud [The negro, composed in exile by David the Singer] . . . [ton - "Calon drom"], broadside ballad, c. 1850s-60s 

O fechgyn heini Cymru
Rhowch glust i'm canu'i
Rwyf wedi cael fy nanfon
Dros foroedd maith yn lli,
I dreulio ugain mlynedd,
Trwm iawn yw'm cyflwr i,
Yn mhell mewn gwlad estronol
Yn mhlith y Negro du . . .

Can Hiraethlon, David Davies (Dai'r Cantwr,) Pan yn Garcharor yng Nghaerfyrddin, am y Terfysg yn amser Becca. Cenir ar y dôn "Roslin Castle" ([?; late 19th cent.]

[A nostalgic song, written when a prisoner in Carmarthen, for the riot in Becca's time. Sung to the tune of Roslin Castle; four 16-line stanzas]

For a later copy, see "AIL GAN", Y Darian (17 December 1914), 8 

NOTE: The tune "Calon drom" (see below); also "Y galon drom", and "Trwm galon" ("Heavy heart"); see Phyllis Kinney, Welsh traditional music, 51, plate 5; see also tune adapted, 32-33: (PREVIEW)

Not in Parry, Antient British music part 1

Musical concordances:

Calon drom, in MS Evan Williams, page 11, 1745; Royal College of Music, London

"Calon drom", in MS Evan Williams, page 11, 1745; Royal College of Music, London ( = Kinney, 51, plate 5)

See Ben Dijkhuis, "Canu penillion", Musicology of the Celtic and neighboring styles 

Bibliography and resources:

[Hugh Anderson], A Rebecca in Tasmania: the lamentations of David Davies, Welsh convict . . . (North Melbourne: Red Rooster Press, 2009) 

David Williams, DAVIES, DAVID ("Dai'r Cantwr"), Dictionary of Welsh biography 

David Davies (Dai'r Cantwr), Wikipedia'r_Cantwr)

DAVIES, Euphemia May (Euphemia May BEVERIDGE; Mrs. W. O. DAVIES; Mrs. DAVIES; DAVIS; Mrs. Robert BONNOR)

Teacher of the piano-forte

Born Edinburgh, Scotland; baptised 11 May 1796; daughter of William BEVERIDGE (1763-1807) and Barbara MAY (1763-1832)
Married William Owen DAVIES (d. 1840), Hamilton, Scotland, 1 December 1823
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 September 1824 (per Portland, from Leith, 1 April)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by October 1824
Married Robert BONNOR, St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 9 January 1845
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 March 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MARRIED", Perthshire Courier [Scotland] (12 December 1823), 3

At Hamilton, on the 1st inst. William Owen Davies, Esq., Newtown, North Wales, to Euphemia May, second daughter of the late William Beveridge, Esq. writer to the signet.

[News], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (10 September 1824), 2 

Arrived this afternoon from Scotland, the Australian Company's ship Portland, Captain Snell, R. N. having on board 87 passengers, and a valuable cargo of merchandize. - The Portland left Leith the 1st of April, and on her passage touched at Rio de Janeiro . . . The following is a list of the passengers who have arrived per the Australian Company's ship Portland, from Leith: - . . . Mr. W. O. Davies, Mrs. Davies . . .

New South Wales Census for the Year 1828; . . . Parramatta, No. 72; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

William Davis / 26 [sic] / [ship] Portland / 1824 / Householder
Euphemia Davies / 26 [sic] [ship] Portland / 1824 . . . [3 small children, 3, 2, and 2 months]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1829), 1

MRS. DAVIES begs to inform the Ladies of Paramatta and its Vicinity, that she will give Lessons upon the
O'Connell-street, Parramatta, September, 1829

[Advertisement], The Sydney Times (14 December 1834), 3 

CAUTION. WHEREAS unforseen circumstances of too delicate a nature to give publicity having occurred in the conduct of EUPHEMIA MARY DAVIES [sic] towards her husband, her children, and family connexions in Europe, which has caused a separation between myself and the said Euphemia Mary Davies, my Wife.
This is to give notice, that I will not be responsible for any debt or debts she may contract.
WILLIAM OWEN DAVIES. Parramatta, 28th Nov., 1834.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1845), 3 

By special license, at St. James's Church, Sydney, on the 9th instant, Robert Bonnor, Esq., of Bathurst, to Mrs. Euphemia May Davies, of Parramatta.

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1869), 8 

The Friends of the late Mrs. EUPHINA MAY BONNER [sic] are invited to attend her Funeral; to move from her late residence, Newtown Road, off Parramatta-street, on THURSDAY AFTERNOON, at a quarter to 3 o'clock. J. and G. SHYING, Undertakers, George-street South, opposite Christ Church.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (19 December 1871), 2857 

. . . In the goods of Euphemia May Bonnor, late of Bathurst . . . deceased . . .

DAVIES, Charles Alfred (Mr. C. A. DAVIES)

Musician, vocalist, organist, pianist, music teacher

Born Oswestry, Shropshire, England, 15 January 1864
Arrived Adelaide, SA, November 1882 (passenger per Peshawur, from England)
Died Gawler, SA, 28 February/1 March 1889, aged 25 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DAVIES, Edward Harold (Edward Harold DAVIES; E. Harold DAVIES)

Musician, organist, composer, educator, university professor, Indigenous culture reporter and song collector

Born Oswestry, Shropshire, England, 18 July 1867
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1887
Married Ina Jane DELAND, 1893
Died Adelaide, SA, 1 July 1947 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (colonial years; edited from University of Adelaide)

Harold Davies studied music under Joseph Bridge at Chester Cathedral while apprenticed to an architect. Following his brother Charles to South Australia in January 1887, he immediately became organist and choirmaster at Christ Church, Kapunda, and conducted musical societies there and in Gawler. He went back to England in 1890 to qualify as an Associate of the Royal College of Organists, and on his return was appointed organist to St. Peter's Glenelg, then to St. Paul's, Adelaide.

From 1897 until 1919 Davies was organist and choirmaster at Kent Town Methodist Church. During these early years he undertook formal study at the University of Adelaide, graduating Mus. Bac. in 1896 and D. Mus in 1902, the first music doctorate to be conferred by an Australian university. At the same time he taught piano, organ, singing and composition privately and, later, class singing at Methodist Ladies College, before his appointment as professor of music at the university in succession to J. M. Ennis in 1919.


[Advertisement], Kapunda Herald (16 February 1883), 2 

PIANOFOETE TUNING. C. A. DAVIES (Organist of Congregational Church, Kapunda) is prepared to undertake the TUNING of PIANOFORTES in Kapunda and the surrounding district on moderate terms. Yearly arrangements entered into if desired.

[News], Kapunda Herald (1 February 1887), 2 

Mr. E. Harold Davies, brother of Mr. C. A. Davies, the well-known musician, arrived from England recently, and has been appointed organist at Christ Church. Mr. E. H. Davies brings with him an excellent reputation as an instrumentalist, having studied for some years under Dr. J. C. Bridge, of Chester Cathedral. It is Mr. Davies' intention of residing in Kapunda, having entered on his duties as organist at Christ Church on Sunday last, and he announces in our business columns that he is prepared to take pupils for instruction on the organ, American organ, and pianoforte.

[Advertisement], Kapunda Herald (4 February 1887), 2 

E. HAROLD DAVIES (Organist of Christ Church, Kapunda, and Pupil of Dr. J. C. Bridge, of Chester Cathedral), Having recently arrived from England, is prepared to take Pupils for Instruction on the ORGAN, AMERICAN ORGAN, and PIANOFORTE on Moderate Terms. Address, POST-OFFICE, Kapunda.

"HARVEST FESTIVAL", Kapunda Herald (15 February 1887), 3 

. . . The new organist (Mr. E. Harold Davies) is to be congratulated on the way he conducted the choral portion of the service.


. . . The organist, Mr. E. Harold Davies, issued a very attractive programme, made up of sacred selections, vocal and instrumental, from the works of composers whose genius has immortalised them . . . The choir was a mixed one, the Christ Church choir being assisted by several well-known local vocalists. Mr. Davies, of course, presided at the organ, and opened the programme with the overture to "Samson" . . . Mr. Davies played Organ Sonata No. 2, one of the six sonatas, comprising the only organ works of Mendelssohn . . .

"MR. DAVIES", Bunyip (22 April 1887), 2 

It may be of interest to some of our readers to learn that Mr. Harold Davies (a brother of Mr. C. A. Davies, who is well-known to the musical residents of Gawler), was in Adelaide on Wednesday last, and after playing upon the Town Hall Organ before Professor Ives, was admitted in the rota of City organists.

"GAWLER CHORAL UNION", South Australian Register (1 December 1887), 7 

"DEATH OF MR. CHARLES A. DAVIES", Bunyip (1 March 1889), 2 

It is our sad duty to announce the death of Mr. C. A. Davies, the talented young organist of the Congregational Church. The illness to which Mr. Davies has succumbed has been of some standing and continued growth so that his death does not come with the surprise it otherwise might. Mr. Davies at the time of his death was just 25 years of age. He had been about six years in the colony, three of which he was organist at Kapunda, and also correspondent of the Register. The last three years he has been in Gawler, where by his skill and kindly manner he secured a large number of friends. About twelve months ago he paid a visit to his relatives in the old country, but returned no better in health. The funeral procession leaves Hylands to-morrow, and a short service will be held in the Congregational Church, the Rev. Walter Jones officiating. Mr. Davies comes of a highly respectable family, and has a younger brother in the colony who is organist at the English Church at the Port. Mr. Davies died at a quarter past four this morning.

"Obituary. DEATH OF MR. CHARLES A. DAVIES", Evening Journal (2 March 1889), 4 

We regret to record the death of Mr. Charles A. Davies, which took place at Gawler yesterday. The deceased gentleman, who was only twenty-five years of age at the time of his death, came to the colony for the benefit of his health, and arrived in the Peshawur in November, 1882. Soon after he settled in Kapunda, when he became organist of Christ Church, an appointment he filled with singular ability and success. He was also prominently connected with the Philharmonic Society of that town, and for a time acted as Kapunda correspondent for the Register. In 1885 he accepted an invitation to become organist of the Gawler Congregational Church, and has since resided in that town, with the exception of a few months' absence on a visit to England. His musical abilities were of a high order, and but for the feeble state of his health would probably have achieved great distinction in his profession. He was unusually gifted as a teacher, and both at Kapunda and Gawler did all be could to advance the interest of music. His estimable social qualities won for, him a large circle of friends, who now deplore the premature close of a bright and promising career. Mr. E. Harold Davies, of Glenelg, is a brother of the deceased gentleman.

Bibliography and resources:

Catherine J. Ellis, "Davies, Edward Harold (1867-1947)", Australian dictionary of biography 8 (1981) 

Professor Edward Harold Davies (1867-1947) Papers 1887-1947; University of Adelaide 

DAVIS, Emily Geraldine (Emily Geraldine FITZGERALD; Miss FITZGERALD; Mrs. William Butler DAVIS; Madame BUTLER; Madame Butler DAVIS; Mrs. Butler DAVIS)

Soprano vocalist, pianist, publican's wife

Born Dublin, Ireland, 1828; baptised St. Mary's (RC), Dublin, 30 April 1828, daughter of William and Mary Ann FITZGERALD
Married William Butler DAVIS (c. 1822-1895), ? Portsmouth, England, ? 1852
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1856
Died Richmond, VIC, 1882, aged "54" (daughter of William FITZGERALD) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Register of baptisms, April 1828, St. Mary (RC pro-cathedral), Dublin, Ireland; Irish Church Records; Irish Genealogy 

30 [April 1828] / Emily of Will'm and Mary Anne Fitzgerald [sponsors] Fred'k Sisson, Marg't O'Beirne

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 January 1856), 8 

NATIONAL HOTEL. Free Concerts, Bourke-street, Every Evening . . .
Mrs. Butler, the much-admired soprano, and Signor Bardini, the celebrated baritone, every night.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1856), 8 

THE Queen's Letter will be sung by Mrs. Butler, at the National Concert this evening.

MUSIC: The queen's letter (Hobbs)

"FREE CONCERT", The Argus (2 April 1856), 5 

Mr. Tilke, the proprietor of the well known dining rooms in Bourke-street has metamorphosed his premises into a very elegant Concert-room which is crowded every evening. The musical entertainments are under the direction of Mr. Morgan an excellent bass singer, who has organised a little band of vocal and lnstrumental performers whose talents would do credit to many a stage of higher pretensions. The soprano is a Madame Butler who also possesses qualifications of a superior order.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1856), 8 

"CONCERT AT THE CITY HOTEL", The Age (8 May 1856), 3 

On Wednesday evening a concert which had been originated for the benefit of necessitous sufferers by the late unfortunate occurrence at this establishment, was held in the concert-hall of the hotel . . . The music consisted of selections from the works of Donizetti, Bishop, Mazzinglie, Wallace, Shield, Calcott and others, which were generally rendered with marked success. Madame Butler, and Messrs. Morgan, Leveson, and Friend undertook the concerted music, and also performed several solos. Madame Butler was in excellent voice, and sang with much spirit, "Bid me discourse," and the finale from "La Sonnambula," in each of which she was encored. With Mr. Leveson in Barnett's capital duett, "The Singing Lesson," she also gained considerable applause, and, as in her other efforts, an encore was demanded and granted . . .

"TILKE'S CONCERT HALL", The Age (4 June 1856), 2 

This favorite lounge continues to attract nightly a throng of visitors . . . Last night Mr. Morgan sang the famous air, "Man the Life-boat" in a style which ensured a unanimous encore. "The Bloom is on the Rye" was given with much unpretending sweetness by Madame Butler, who, at a later period of the evening sang Nelson's "Mary of Argyle" with perfect taste and feeling . . .

MUSIC: The bloom is on the rye (Bishop); Mary of Argyle (Nelson)

"POPULAR CONCERTS", The Age (29 July 1856), 3 

We have lately occupied a leisure evening or two in visiting the various popular concerts held in connection with the principal hotels . . . by personal visits to the concerts nightly held in connection with the City and National Hotels in Bourke street . . . At the present moment, we observe that the vocal staffs of the National and the City are remarkably efficient. The other evening, at the former place, we heard a quintett from the Enchantress exquisitely performed. Some brilliantly executed operatic airs by Madame Butler, and several very clever characteristic songs by Mr. and Mrs. Williamson; at the latter, two or three of Bishop's glees were rendered in almost faultless style under the management of Mr. Morgan, who is perhaps the only basso profondo in the colony, and himself a favorite singer. Madamo Naej too, a very tasteful French operatic vocalist, nightly carols some of Rossini's and Auber's finest musical productions in a style which, but for the excellent conduct of the concert room, and the no less seemly behaviour of the audience, we should in hackneyed phrase have said, was worthy of a better place.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1856), 8 

NATIONAL HOTEL MUSIC HALL, Bourke-street east.
A Grand Concert is given Every Evening in the above popular place of amusement, supported by an efficient company, among whom are the following talented artistes: MADAME D. BUTLER, the much admired cantatrice . . .

"Criterion Hall", Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (19 November 1856), 3 

The corps of vocalists who now sing, at the Criterion Hall comprises the names of Madame Butler, Mrs. Williamson, Mr. Small, Mr. Williamson, Mr. Dixon, and Mr. Benham . . .

"Madame Butler", Mount Alexander Mail (17 November 1856), 3 

We remind the lovers of good music that a very pleasant hour can be spent at the Criterion Hall. It would appear invidious to speak of one vocalist where so many are good, hut we must specially mention the charming singing of Madame Butler, as this lady is not only gifted with a melodious voice, but is evidently a thorough musician. Her manner of singing "Una voce," (though adapted to English words) strongly recals to the memory Sontag in Rossini's "II Barbere," and several of her ballads may be classed as musical gems. To those who have not yet heard her, we say go . . .

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (22 December 1856), 3 

CRITERION CONCERT HALL . . . THIS EVENING . . . FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. J. SMALL. ON which occasion the following talented Artistes have consented to appear: - MADAME D. BUTLER . . .

"'CASTLEMAINE POLICE COURT . . . ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING", Mount Alexander Mail (21 June 1858), 2 

. . . William Butler Davis. Refused, as the house was not complete . . .

BIRTHS", Mount Alexander Mail (17 September 1860), 3 

On the 14th inst., at the Royal Hotel, Mrs. Butler Davis, of a son.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", Mount Alexander Mail (23 September 1861), 2 

William Butler Davis, of Castlemaine, late hotelkeeper. Causes of insolvency - Pressure of creditors, and inability to realise on property. Assets, £2,631 9s.; liabilities, £1,715 11s. 2d.; surplus, £915 17s. 10d. Mr. Goodman, official assignee.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (24 July 1863), 3 

MRS. SAMUEL BUTLER begs to announce a Vocal and Dramatic Entertainment, assisted by the Celebrated Singer, Madame Butler, who was deemed the "Sontag of Australia" . . .on Thursday the 30th.

"TO-DAY'S AMUSEMENTS", Mount Alexander Mail (9 November 1863), 2

The good people of Castlemaine appear to be determined to enjoy themselves on the occasion of the celebration of the birthday of the Prince of Wales. The Kyneton and Castlemaine Light Horse, together with the Castlemaine Volunteer Rifle Corps, will meet, parade, &c. The cricketers will arouse themselves on the Wattle Flat Reserve. In the evening the Castlemaine Volunteer Band will give a grand vocal and instrumental concert at the Theatre Royal, in aid of the funds for erecting an Orderly Boom for the Corps. The programe is of an ample and varied character. It is as follows : - The full Band will open with an Overture, after which Madam Butler Davis will sing "The Queen's Letter," and several other favourite songs . . .

"CASTLEMAINE POLICE COURT . . . THE O'HARA BURKE HOTEL", Mount Alexander Mail (6 January 1864), 2 

Mr. A. Thompson was charged, by Senior Constable Hickey, with illegally abandoning the above named licensed house. Mr. Paynter applied for a new license for Mr Butler Davis, the in-coming tenant. The notice of application had been duly posted. He remarked on the hardship upon publicans in the up-country districts who were unable to transfer licenses, as was done in Melbourne, but he supposed this state of things must be borne until a new Publicans' Act was passed. The license was at once granted.

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (12 July 1865), 3 

THIS EVENING. Madame Butler Davis will preside at the PianoForte. Admission free.

"DEATHS", The Age (22 July 1882), 1 

DAVIS. - On the 20th July, at Palmer-street, Richmond, Emily Geraldine, wife of Wm. Davis, of the Public Works department, Melbourne.

DAVIS, Miss (Miss DAVIS; DAVIES) (1 or 2 people)

Composer, pianist

Active Sydney, Pyrmont and Balmain, NSW, 1861-62 (shareable link to this entry)


The otherwise unidentified "Miss Davis", of "Pyrmont", a "native of the colony" and a "favorite pupil" of Edward Boulanger, composed the song Tapping at the window, peeping o'er the blind, a setting the popular verses Village courtship by the British poet Charles Swain, which was published in Sydney by James Fussell late in 1861. No copy has been identified.

She can perhaps be tentatively identified as Celia Emily Davis/Davies (1849-1896), the younger daughter of the emancipist Edward Davis (1799-1863), and his wife Johanna Deasy (1809-1877), of Pyrmont. If so, her much older (and only surviving) sister, Elizabeth, had married George Uhr in 1849.

Whether the same or a different person, a Miss Davis, "of Balmain", composed the "original Ballad", The dying child", which was given for the first time by Sara Flower in George Peck's concert on 17 December 1862, and again for Agostino Robbio two nights later.

Presumably this was the same song as The dying girl (Life passes from me Mother ah so rapidly away . . .", by "Miss Davies" (so described on the cover, "Miss Davis" in an advertisement), which was published (as "sung by Madame Sara Flower at Signor Robbio's Concert") by Lewis Moss, in January 1863.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1861), 1

NEW MUSIC - Tapping at the Window, Peeping o'er the Blind, words by C. Swain, music by Miss Davis, Pyrmont. Love's Minstrel, or Gentle Troubadour; and Take this Glass of Sparkling Wine, by Wallace, 2s. 6d. each. A pianoforte piece, the Minstrel Boy, will be published immediately. J. C. FUSSELL, Crescent-street, Sydney.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (7 December 1861), 4

We have much pleasure in noticing a new song by Miss Davies, entitled "Tapping at the Window." It is a very simple and pleasing composition, and we can confidently recommend it to those young ladies who take a delight in exercising their vocal powers. The song is written in the Polacca style, a novelty in its kind, and its compass ranges from D to E, the air commencing with a sweet symphony, being suitable for either a soprano or contralto voice. The words are by the late Charles Swain, Manchester, but in the present publication they have been incorrectly copied from the original. The melody is very cleverly and feelingly adapted to the lively idea of the poet, whose premature death at a comparatively early age, was greatly deplored in the world of literature. We believe the authoress, Miss Davies, is a native of the colony, having been a favourite pianist pupil of Boulanger, which, in our desire to aid Australian ability, is an additional incentive to our bringing this lady's composition under notice.

[Advertisement], Empire (17 December 1862), 1

Original Ballad- "The Dying Child" - first time. Music composed by Miss Davis, Balmain - Madame SARA FLOWER . . .

"SIGNOR ROBBIO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1862), 13

Last night Signor Agostino Robbio gave his first Concert, in the Exchange Hall, to a select, but not very numerous audience. The valuable professional assistance of Signor Cutolo and Madame Sara Flower was given on the occasion, Mr. Frederick Marsh [recte Henry Marsh] acting as accompanying pianist . . . Madame Sara Flower was in excellent voice. She sang "Io ti lascio," "The Dying Girl," Keller's "Exile," and Donizetti's "Love Song" . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1863), 8

NEW SONG. - The DYING GIRL, by Miss DAVIS, sung by Madame Sara Flower at Signor Ruhbio's Concert, published THIS DAY. Price, 2s. 6d., post free. MOSS, 5, Hunter-street.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1866), 1 

MUSIC LESSONS by Miss DAVIES; terms, £1 1s. a quarter. 169, Premier-terrace, William-street.

Musical works:

Tapping on the window (1861; words by Charles Swain)

Tapping at the window, peeping o'er the blind, words by C. Swain, music by Miss Davis, Pyrmont (Sydney: J. C. Fussell, [1861])

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; words survive separately:

"VILLAGE COURTSHIP", in Charles Swain, Letters of Laura D'Ouverne (London: Longman, 1853), 62

The dying girl (1862-63; works by Elizabeth Varndell)

The dying girl, ballad, sung by Madame Sara Flower, words anonymous, music by Miss Davies (Sydney: L. Moss, [1863]) (DIGITISED)

"THE DYING GIRL . . ." [EMILY VARNDELL], The penny illustrated news (18 May 1850), 246 (DIGITISED)

DAVIS, Charles Henry (Charles Henry DAVIS; Rev. Dr. DAVIS)

Catholic bishop, musician, composer

Born Usk, Monmouthshire, England, 18 May 1815
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1848 (per St. George, from London and the Downs 20 August)
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Davis, an Benedictine monk of Downside, was sent to be Polding's bishop coadjutor as first Bishop of Maitland.

According to the later recollections of John Henry Curtis, who was a monk of St. Mary's at the time, Davis arrived in Sydney late in 1848, and instituted "a reform" in the choir at the cathedral:

He began by selecting some simple Masses of his own composition . . . Bishop Davis was much pleased with the progress of his choir, and when he heard them sing for the first time his masterly arrangement of "Christus factus est pro nobis obediens usque ad mortem" in the Tenebrae service . . .

According to the Herald's report of his funeral:

On Friday the solemn requiem mass was celebrated, the choir singing the Gregorian "missa de Requiem" harmonised by the late Bishop, who to his many accomplishments added that of being a musician of a very high order of talent.

At Downside, Davis had composed prolifically for the college band.


'"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (9 December 1848), 10 

Dec. 8. - St. George, ship. 605 tons, Jones, from the Downs 20th August. Passengers - Right Rev. Dr. Davis, Roman Catholic Bishop of Maitland . . .

"IMPORTS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (7 May 1853), 135 

May 6. - Zeepaard, from London . . . 1 piano, Bishop Davis . . .

"IMPORTS", Empire (3 March 1854), 2 

Per Hollands Trouw from London . . . 1 case musical instruments, Rev. Bishop Davis . . .

"FUNERAL OF BISHOP DAVIS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1854), 5

. . . As this is the first time the obsequies of a Bishop have been performed in this colony, it may not be without interest to describe the ceremonial observed by the Roman Catholic Church in conducting it. About six o'clock on Thursday evening, the body was removed to the Cathedral Church of St. Mary's, and placed on a handsome catafalque . . . In this state the body lay during the whole of Thursday and Friday night. It was visited throughout both days by crowds of his own and other religious denominations: and on the evening of each day the vespers for the dead were chaunted by the clergy and the choir of the cathedral. On Friday the solemn requiem mass was celebrated, the choir singing the Gregorian "missa de Requiem" harmonised by the late Bishop, who to his many accomplishments added that of being a musician of a very high order of talent . . . On reaching Subiaco the scene was most affecting . . . The scene will never be forgotten by those who witnessed that procession slowly winding down the gently-sloping road that led to the cemetery. The chantors on the way, as on leaving St. Mary s, chaunted the beautiful hymn, "May the Lord lead thee into Paradise," and also the splendid Gospel canticles "Magnificat" and "Benedictus" . . .

"THE LATE BISHOP DAVIS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (24 June 1854), 3 

. . . The music was admirably conducted by the Rev. and talented A. Curtis, O.S.B. with much feeling and exquisite taste. Such is a brief sketch of the obsequies performed for the late Bishop Davis. Cujus anima requiescant [sic] in pace - Amen. - Communicated.

"Lines to the Memory of Bishop Davis. Written for the Third Anniversary of His Demise - May 17, 1857", Freeman's Journal (23 May 1857), 4 

. . . The hand of music now is still
That once the organ touch'd,
And his sweet voice of melody
Is now for ever hushed.
'Tis hushed, the, lov'd familiar lay -
"Laudate's" thrilling strain -
Which roused the soul's devotion deep,
O, freed the heart from pain . . .

Other sources:

Correspondence, Downside Abbey records, 1819-69, Australian Joint Copying Project, reels M995-99, [finding aid] 

M129: Brother Henry Moore (Sydney) to Brother Adolphus Morrell, 16 Jan. 1849: . . . delicate health of Bishop Davis; his singing and vestments greatly admired; organ to be moved to another part of the church.

M138: Bishop Charles Davis (Sydney) to [Father Thomas Heptonstall], 3 Feb. 1849: Davis to remain in Sydney while Archbishop Polding visits his vast diocese . . . Cathedral organ in bad state; has replaced the paid choir with monks . . .

M180: Brother Henry Moore (Sydney) to Brother Adolphus Morrall, 18 April 1849: illness of Bishop Davis; not expected to live . . .

M208 Archbishop Bede Polding to Father Thomas Heptonstall, 19 June 1849 . . . need for brass band music; illness of Bishop Davis.

M246: Bishop Charles Davis (Sydney) to Father Norbert Sweeney, 28 Feb. 1850: sends him a musical composition; singing of plain chant in Sydney; wants music for all churches in the diocese; seeks organ for St Benedict's Church.

M248: Bishop Charles Davis (Sydney) to Father Thomas Heptonstall, 1 March 1850: baptism of Aboriginal boy being sent to Europe.

M264: Bishop Charles Davis (Sydney) to Father Thomas Heptonstall, 22 Aug. 1850 . . . choir progressing admirably . . .

Bibliography and resources:

J. H. B. Curtis, "A NOTICE OF DR. CHARLES DAVIS, BISHOP OF MAITLAND", Austral light (February 1902)

[J. H. B. Curtis, from Austral light above], "A NOTICE OF DR. CHARLES DAVIS, BISHOP OF MAITLAND", The Downside review new series 2 (21) (1902), 177-83 (DIGITISED)

This desultory and brief sketch is meant to be a small tribute of affection to the memory of one of the worthiest prelates that ever trod Australian soil. Few of the present residents of Melbourne are perhaps aware that there ever was in Australia a prelate bearing the name of Charles Henry Davis. And fewer still know anything of his great attainments and most exemplary life . . .

As he is writing exclusively from memory, he may make a few trivial [178] errors in dates and some other unimportant particulars. He is not acquainted with any of the particulars of the early life of Bishop Davis beyond a few narrated to him by a very worthy priest named Father Cuthbert Moore, who was for many years in the same religious house with the Bishop at Downside. He says that Father Charles, as he was then called, was the very life and soul of the place. The boys of the great college attached to the Monastery almost worshipped him. They often familiarly spoke of him as "dear little Charlie." When he held the office of prefect, he led them in all their games. He was their stage-manager at their Christmas plays, as he had received a training in elocution from one of the leading English tragedians . . .

But it was as a musician that he chiefly excelled. He was the organist of the church, and played the noble instrument in a style that some of our best organists would envy. The boys used to say he could knock smoke out of the old organ pipes. He had received a kick on the left hand from a horse which necessitated the amputation of the third finger at the second joint. To make up for the loss of the finger he practised "pedalling" most assiduously, and it was a veritable treat to hear him pedalling the scale passages in the Creed of Mozart's Twelfth Mass. He always used to play that Mass from the full orchestral score, instead of the organ score, and did so many a time in St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, where the present writer had the honour of turning the pages for him, which took him all his time, as the edition was in octavo, and contained only a few bars in each page. He introduced many effects not in the organ score, and rarely ever played it twice alike. His playing of the psalms at Vespers was really unsurpassable, and almost unapproachable. Every verse received a different treatment according to its meaning, and the pedal runs were [179] often something marvellous. There was at the time a paid organist attached to the Cathedral. His name was Walton. He was a thorough organist of the strict English school. The dear Bishop used often to say that he would give a great deal to be able to play as well as Walton did. But the choir and the congregation preferred the Bishop's style. The music would always go with far more spirit when the good Bishop was presiding at the organ. In addition to being organist at St Gregory's, he was also band master of the college band, which contained some grand players. Father Davis could play almost any instrument in the band. His chief one was the E flat clarionet. A clarionet had to be specially constructed for him with a key for the stump of the third finger of the left hand, instead of a hole. He played difficult solos on the slide tenor trombone. He arranged and composed hundreds of pieces for the band, including four or five brilliant and very effective marches, which he also often played on the organ. But from the time of his consecration as Bishop, he never played on any instrument but the organ or piano.

After his consecration, and prior to leaving Downside for Sydney, he ordained his younger brother a priest. He composed expressly for his brother's first Mass a grand motet to the following beautiful words: -

Juravit Dominus et non poenitebit eum; Tu es sacerdos in aeternum secundum ordinem Melchisedech . . . Memor sit Dominus sacrificii tui, et holocaustum tuum pingue fiat. Sacerdotes tui induantur justitiam, et Sancti tui exultent.

This was often sung subsequently in St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney. When the Bishop was at the organ, and also joining in the tenor part with his charming voice, the people were always delighted.

The Bishop arrived in Sydney in the year 1848 . . . [180] . . . One of the very first acts of Bishop Davis was to institute a reform in the singing of the Cathedral choir. Up to his arrival, the best singers in the city were always engaged, and the soprano part was sung by ladies. The Bishop, although admitting that the music was of a very high character, could not relish the thought that it was produced by paid choristers, many of whom could have had no reverent feeling for the sacred words they sang. Accordingly, he commenced to drill a choir from the brethren of the Monastery attached to the Cathedral, and the young postulants who were being educated for the priesthood. He was fortunate enough to find some capital voices among them. He drilled them with the most patient assiduity, devoting at least one hour every day to rehearsals. He began by selecting some simple Masses of his own composition. But after a few months his little choir was able to attack the works of some of the great masters, and sing them well. There was a solemn high Mass every Sunday. This practice was inaugurated by the Very Rev. Dr Backhaus, who arrived in Sydney a few years before the Bishop . . . [181] The ceremonies at the Cathedral were then carried out with so much splendour, and such strict attention to the rubrics, that new arrivals from the old world used to be completely astounded at their magnificence . . .

. . . Bishop Davis was much pleased with the progress of his choir, and when he heard them sing for the first time his masterly arrangement of Christus factus est pro nobis obediens usque ad mortem in the Tenebrae service, he must, although still so young, have almost felt inclined to sing his Nunc dimittis, (It should have been previously recorded that the Bishop was very young when consecrated - some years under forty). The singing, in Holy Week, was all unaccompanied by the organ. The lovely harmonies of the Christus factus est, and the following Miserere would stimulate devotion in the hearts of the most apathetic. Whenever the choir had to take part in any grand function, the Bishop himself would always make up for them a fine bowl of generous eggflip to strengthen their voices . . .

[182] . . . Bishop Davis had three serious attacks of illness. The second one lasted for several weeks, and well-nigh proved fatal . . .

[183] . . . At his funeral there was the largest concourse of people that had ever been seen in Sydney. People of every class, from the very highest to the lowest - of all denominations - followed his funeral through the streets of the city as far as the old toll-bar, on the Parramatta Road. Many went with the clergy the whole distance to Subiaco, where were deposited the remains of one of the most angelic creatures that ever trod this earth.


The above also reproduced in Henry Norbert Birt, Benedictine pioneers in Australia, volume 2 (London: Herbert & Daniel, 1911), 205-212 (DIGITISED)

And see also, 214: (DIGITISED)

[214-15] . . . During the year 1838, Bevington & Son, of Frith Street, Soho, sent out their estimate for the organ, for to that firm its construction had been finally entrusted. It was to be delivered at Sydney for £735, but this estimate did not include the front of the case which was to be provided locally. The organ was not entirely successful. Unseasoned wood - or at least wood unsuited to the Australian climate - had been employed, with the result that the instrument got woefully out of condition in a few years; and as soon as Dr. Davis arrived in Sydney he superintended its reconstruction, which was carried out by a man who had once worked in an organ-builder's factory. This undertaking cost close on £100.

Sir John Lambert, P.C, K.C.B., an old fellow student at Downside of Bishop Davis, writing in the Downside Review [vol. 7, page 8 f.] about his recollection of music at St Gregory's during the years of his stay there, 1823-1831, mentions that he and his "dear old friend, Charles Davis," were treble and contralto of the choir, and Brother J. B. Spencer, who is mentioned in Dr Folding's letter, was the tenor. Of Dr Davis, Sir John writes:

"All those who knew Charles Davis will remember what a charming voice he had, and what an accomplished musician he afterwards became. I well recollect how, when we were boys together, he extracted a promise from me that I would preside at the organ when he sang his first Mass, and how, when I had complied with that promise, I volunteered to perform a similar office when he was consecrated Bishop, [215] little dreaming at the time that my second pledge would ever have to be redeemed."

R. A. Daly, "Davis, Charles Henry (1815-1854)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

J. Brian Butler, "'Dear little Charlie': a memoir of Charles Henry Davis: 1815-1854: monk of Downside and first bishop of Maitland ", Tjurunga: Australian Benedictine Review 73 (November 2007)

Graeme Pender, "The life and contribution of bishop Charles Henry Davis OSB (1815-1854) to the Catholic Church in Australia", Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society (2018), (PAYWALL)

DAVIS, Mrs. (Mrs. DAVIS)

? Teacher of music and dancing, school mistress (Norfolk House)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1840-47 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (29 December 1840), 3

NORFOLK HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT, for Young Ladies, Parramatta, under the immediate patronage of the Right Rev. Doctor Polding. The system of education embraces reading, writing, arithmetic and bookkeeping, use of the globes, the French and Italian languages, plain and ornamental needlework, drawing, music, and dancing. To enlighten and improve the mind, by an education solid, and fit to form young ladies for society, is the object Mrs. Davis proposes to herself in this establishment, of which she is the proprietor. The situation is delightful and healthy, and Mrs. D. will pay strict attention to whatever may conduce to the health and comfort of her pupils. The young ladies receive religious instruction from the sisters of charity . . . References may be made to the Vicar General, or any of the Catholic clergymen. The classes will be re-opened on Monday, 10th January.

"PARRAMATTA. NORFOLK HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT", Morning Chronicle (20 December 1843), 2

On Thursday last, at noon, the usual yearly "Examination" of the young ladies at Mrs. Davis's establishment, Norfolk House, took place in the presence of a numerous assembly of the relatives and friends of the pupils, prior to the Christmas vacation. His Grace the Most Reverend Dr. Polding, Archbishop of Sydney, the Rev. Dr. Gregory, the Reverends N. Coffee (Parramatta), Johns Fitz-patrick, and several other Clergymen, Mrs. O'Brien, Superioress of the Convent, the Sisters of Charity, and many ladies both from Sydney, and resident in Parramatta, were present during the "Examination." Specimens of the progress made by the young ladies in the various departments of Music, Drawing, Dancing, French, General History, Geography, Arithmetic . . . Several of the newest, and some very difficult overtures, rondos and duetts, were very tastefully and brilliantly executed on the Piano, and both the vocal and instrumental performances were in the highest degree creditable, as well to the fair pupils as their talented instructor. The style of dancing was greatly admired for its peculiar ease, and graceful modesty, unassuming and unstudied.

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (4 September 1847), 3

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. MRS. DAVIS begs to inform her friends and the parents and guardians of her pupils, that she has removed her establishment from Parramatta to Pitt-street South, Sydney, the residence of the late W. Hutchinson, Esq.

DAVIS, Henry (Henry DAVIS)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862 (shareable link to this entry)


"STEALING FROM A DWELLING", The Argus (14 April 1862), 6

Louis Harris, a German, was charged with this offence. Henry Davis, a musician, living in Little Bourke-street, stated that about three months ago the prisoner came to him in a very destitute condition, and he relieved him, allowed him to stop at his house, and gave him clothing. One morning, about a month ago, witness got up and found that the prisoner had decamped with a couple of blankets, a watchchain, and several trinkets. He did not see him again for a month afterwards, when he met him, and as he would give him no satisfaction, he had him arrested. Remanded till Wednesday.

DAVIS, Isaac Henry (Isaac Henry DAVIS; Isaac DAVIS; I. DAVIS; J. DAVIS)

Professor of the violin, musician

Born Southwark, Surrey, England, c. 1835/37; son of Coleman DAVIS ( ) and Mary JACOBS
Arrived Sydney and Goulburn, NSW, by May 1856
Married Catherine Mary EVERITT (c. 1846-1931), Albury, NSW, 1866
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 July 1918, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Isaac Davis, aged just 18, and recently arrived from London, was first documented playing at Goulburn, in a concert in aid of the funds of the local hospital, in May 1856, with the soprano Caroline Joel (formerly Miss Davis, and twin sister of the emancipist Samuel Davis, one of the organisers of the concert), who may have been an aunt or cousin. He was probably also related to Isaac Davis, upholsterer, formerly of Sydney, who had set up in business in Goulburn the previous month.

In May 1857, Davis "the inimitable violinist, from the Prince of Wales Theatre" appeared in concert with George Buckingham and family and the basso Lamoureux, and was available as violinist for "quadrille playing" with Edwin Cobley (harp) and Abraham Emanuel (pianoforte).


England census, 30 March 1851, St. George the martyr, Southwark, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO 107/1563 (PAYWALL)

8 Dover Place West / Coleman Davis / Head / 53 / Teacher of Music / [born] Surrey, Southwark
Mary [Davis] / Wife / 44 / Dancing Mistress / Middl'x St. George in the East
Elizabeth [Davis] / Dau. / 19 / [Dancing Mistress] / Surrey St. George Southw'k
Pricilla [Davis] / Dau. / 15 / - / [Surrey St. George Southw'k]
Isaac [Davis] / Son / 14 / - / [Surrey St. George Southw'k]
Dinah [Davis] Dau / 12 / - / [Surrey St. George Southw'k]

"GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE GOULBURN HOSPITAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 May 1856), 4 

A Grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, for the benefit of the Goulburn Hospital, was given last Thursday evening, in the grand concert room of the Commercial Hotel, Sloane-street, Goulburn . . . The performances were conducted by five amateurs, viz: - Mrs. Jewell [Joel], a songstress of very superior talent, from London; Mr. Isaac Davis, a young violinist, recently arrived in the colony from London, and who, although apparently not above eighteen years of age, displayed a mastership over his beautifully-toned instrument which elicited loud encomiums from the audience. In fact, he was encored upon every occasion.

"GOULBURN [FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT]", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1856), 3 

. . . The singing of Mrs. Joel was much admired . . . Many were of opinion that Mr. Davies' performance on the violin was but little excelled by Miska Hauser, whose musical talent gratified the Goulburn public last year. The concert was acknowledged to have been the best ever held in Goulburn . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1856), 1

MR. ISAAC DAVIS, Professor of the Violin, and who has lately arrived from England, has vacancies for a few pupils. Terms, &c, apply to Mr. J. DAVIS, Mr. Samuel Davis, Sydney, York-street, near the Synagogue.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1856), 1 

OUR LYCEUM, - Mr. W. H. STEPHENS, in announcing his first Complimentary Benefit, has much pride and pleasure in publishing the following document, placed in the Green-room of the theatre, and signed by the whole company: . . . "The opening of the above mentioned theatre having furnished employment to a number of actors, actresses, artists, musicians, carpenters, and others, and Mr. W. H STEPHENS having been principally instrumental in effecting this great good, it is proposed to give him a Complimentary' Benefit, on THURSDAY EVENING. December 18, 1856.
All persons employed in "Our Lyceum Theatre" disposed to tender their Gratuitous Services on the occasion will please affix their signatures . . .
The following signatures are appended: . . .
THE BAND Messrs. Wheeler, Davis, Friedlander, Wilkinson, Boans, H. Cramer, F. Cramer, Hall, Cramer, &c., &c.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1857), 1

At MYERS' (Late Toogood's), corner of Pitt and King streets. The proprietor begs to announce that inconsequence of the extensive alterations and decorations, it is impossible to open the above Saloon until THURSDAY EVENING, 19th March. The following talented artistes are already engaged, viz. - Mademoiselle B. Basmann, Madame Sala, Mr. H. Lamoreaux, Mr. Ryall, Mr. Turner, Comic and Characteristic Singer, Mr. G. F. Howard;
Musical Director; Mr. J. Davis. Doors open at 7 o'clock; admission, free.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1857), 1

GRAND CONCERT ! CONCERT !! CONCERT !!! The New Australian EVANS'S Saloon, at Myers', late Toogood's, open every evening. Several new vocalists will appear in the course of the evening.
Mr. Davis will perform several popular solos on the violin.
Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. Cobham; Managers, Messrs. Harrison and Davis. Doors open at 7. Admission Free.

[3 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1857), 1

GRAND CONCERT ! ! ! - The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY'S Entertainment, on THURSDAY next, at Mr. Williams' Hotel, Woolpack Inn; assisted by Mr. J. Davis, the inimitable violinist, from the Prince of Wales Theatre, and the eminent basso, Mr. Lamoureux, from the Hanover-square Rooms, London. Seats, 2s. 6d.; reserved ditto, 5s.

WINDSOR -The Buckingham Family's Concert on FRIDAY, assisted by Mr. I. Davis, the inimitable violinist.

RICHMOND - The Buckingham Family's Concert on SATURDAY, assisted by Mr. I. Davis, the violin solo performer.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1857), 10

NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. - Quadrille Playing, Harp and Pianoforte, by Messrs. Cobley and Emanuel. Fee, £3 3s., with Mr. Davis, the violinist, £1 11s. 6d. extra. Apply to JOHNSON and CO., Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (22 July 1857), 3 

Stage Manager - Mr. B. N. JONES . . . Leader of the Orchestra - MR. I. DAVIS . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (24 October 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. Davis, the talented leader of the Orchestra takes his benefit on Saturday next, when will be performed Buckstone's admired Comedy of "A Lesson for Ladies" . . .

"AMATEUR CONCERT IN AID OF THE BATHURST HOSPITAL", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 November 1857), 2 

. . . Mr. Bruton's laughable comic songs, and Mr. Davis' very clever performances on the Violin, met with a very enthusiastic reception, and this latter gentleman's assistance in conjunction with that of Mr. Brown, did much to increase the efficiency of the concerted pieces, and accompaniments . . .

"FRIGHTFUL BALLOON ACCIDENT", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 December 1858), 4

MR. HENRY EDWARDS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE, DOES NOT RETURN TO GIVE A DESCRIPTION OF HIS AERIAL VOYAGE! . . . This venturous and gallant gentleman had previously made every preparation for his "voyage in the air," even down to the writing and rehearsal of its description to be delivered on the stage of the "Prince" upon his return. He had taken a solemn farewell of his anxious friends, and deposited his will in the fiddle case of Isaac Davis, Esq.. whom he appointed sole executor . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (27 August 1859), 1 

Green Room, Prince of Wales Theatre, August 23rd, 1859.
TO CHARLES POOLE, ESQ., LESSEE AND MANAGER. DEAR SIR - Allow us to congratulate you on the unprecedented fact of your having kept open the Prince of Wales Theatre during a period of fourteen months, notwithstanding the difficulties which beset you . . . We beg to subscribe ourselves, Your obedient servants . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1859), 1 

The Second MONSTER CONCERT, for the Benefit of the Dramatic and Musical Artists, late of the Victoria and Prince of Wales Theatres, will take place THIS EVENING, Thursday, November 24th, at the SCHOOL OF ARTS . . . Leaders - Messrs. Usher and Eigenschenck; Second violins - Messrs. Josephson and Hall; Tenori - Messrs. Rice and Davis . . .

"COPY OF PROTEST", Empire (12 June 1860), 8 

Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, Tuesday Morning, May 22nd, 1860. WE, the undersigned, professors of music, vocal and instrumental, and also the chorus engaged in the forthcoming Opera season, deem it a bounden duty . . . to protest against the ability of Sig. CUTOLO, as a conductor of grand opera . . .from inexperience, unable to wield the baton as conductor
[signed] . . . C. EIGENSCHENK, leader, PRINCE, J. MAN, W. RICE, J. DAVIS . . .

"THE SPIRIT OF THE WEEK", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (6 October 1860), 3 

Mrs. Joel, sister of Mr. Samuel Davis, of the Exhibition Hotel, had a very narrow escape on Sunday afternoon last, whilst proceeding to Watson's Bay in a dogcart, in company with Miss Clelia Howson and Mr. Isaac Davis . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (23 January 1861), 1

A want which has long been felt in this city will be speedily supplied.
Messrs. G. PECK and J. DAVIS are now organising a complete FULL ORCHESTRA, of resident musicians, adapted for Concert Room or Theatrical business.
Competent musicians disengaged are invited to join for the purpose of commencing a course of practice forthwith.
Particulars may be obtained on application at PECK'S Music Repository, 387, George-street.

"OPENING OF THE LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1861), 5

Last night the Lyceum Theatre in York-street, having undergone several substantial repairs and alterations, was re-opened in the presence of a very numerous and highly respectable house. Mr. John Winterbottom, the eminent orchestral leader (formerly one of Jullien's band), took a complimentary benefit on the occasion . . . The leaders of the orchestra were Messrs. G. Peck and J. Davis, the conductor being Mr. Winterbottom.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1861), 1 

MR. NATHAN'S CONCERT, Masonic Hall, MONDAY, 30th December, 1861 . . .
the following list of Professional Gentlemen have handsomely tendered their gratuitous services:
Violins -Mr. King, Mr. Ernest King, Mr. F. Howson, Mr. Strong, Mr. Freelander. Viola - Mr. Davis. . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1862), 1

GRAND COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT to Mr. W. J. CORDNER . . . at the Masonic Hall, on THURSDAY, January 30th . . . the following . . . have, in the kindest manner, tendered their valuable services: Mesdames Sara Flower, Bridson . . . Messrs. F. and J. Howson, Stanley, Sussmilch, Fisher, E. King, F. and J. Howson, juniors, J. Davis, Peck, Friedlander . . .

"CONCERT", Empire (31 January 1862), 5 

. . . The second part commenced with an instrumental-quartette by Messrs, E. King, J. Davis, and F. A. and J. Howson, consisting of variations on the well-known air, "The Last Rose of Summer," arranged by Mr. F. A. Howson, and most excellently arranged it was - there being a complete change in the style of harmony every time the melody is introduced. This portion of the entertainment reflects the greatest credit on Mr. Howson for the skill and musical talent displayed in it . . .

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1865), 5 

. . . On Tuesday the performances were for the benefit of Mr. Isaac Davis, on which occasion "Othello" was produced . . .

"Local", Kilmore Free Press and Counties of Bourke and Dalhousie Advertiser [Kilmore, VIC] (5 September 1867), 2 

By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr. Isaac Davis, professor of music and dancing, is endeavouring to form a volunteer band in Kilmore, and we have no doubt but that his efforts will meet with the hearty co-operation of the townspeople. Mr. Davis has previously organised a band at Albury, whose proficiency under his tuition is testified to by the local press in the following manner: -

"Here we must convey a well merited compliment to the bandmaster, Mr. Isaac Davis, who in a few short months, laboring gratuitously, has rendered Albury independent of foreign music. The majority of the Volunteer band knew nothing of the harmonic art when Mr. Davis first offered to form them into an orchestra, but their proficiency last Wednesday would contrast favorably with the performance of many professional bands."

? "A WRONGFUL CHARGE", Geelong Advertiser (15 October 1867), 3 

Isaac Davis was charged with stealing a violin, the property of George G. Davies. The prosecutor, who is landlord of the Britannia Hotel, Geelong, stated that on Saturday week, in the afternoon, he came and stopped at his house. He lent the prisoner a violin to play upon while he remained in the house . . . their Worships considering there was no evidence of larceny, discharged the prisoner.

"COUNTY COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (20 September 1872), 2 

Davies v. Kitchen. - Claim for £49 damages for breach of contract. £14 was paid into court by defendant, for wages admitted to be due. Mr. McDermott, instructed by Mr. MdCormick, for the plaintiff, and Mr. Martley, instructed by Mr. Brown, for the defendant. Isaac Henry Davies deposed that he was a violinist by profession, and that on 10th October last defendant entered into a contract with him to play at the Prince of Wales Iheatre for twelve months, at £2 per week. The engagement was broken off by Kitchen, who dismissed him; he was abused by Kitchen, and assaulted by Fisher, his manager. He never refused to play; he was always ready and willing to do his duty. Cross-examined: On the night of the 6th July he was requested to play a solo, and he refused to do so because this was not a part of his duty; he was not engaged to play solos; he told Mr. Fisher if he could show that he signed an agreement to play solos he would do it, not otherwise. Mr. Martley produced the contract, in the possession of defendant - signed by plaintiff, which showed that he had agreed to play solos. Plaintiff said there was no mention of solos in the agreement which he held, and he thought the two were identical. When he signed the document he heard nothing about solos, although he read it. He was certainly not aware of the discrepancies at the time he signed the instrument. At the time of the engagement there was nothing said about solos. The documents were prepared by Fisher. Mr. McDermott pointed out that the document held by defendant wasn't a counterpart of the other; there was evidently a mistake, and a mistake vitiated a contract. His Honor remarked that the plaintiff read over the document before he signed; and independent of that, was not a violinist bound to play solos if required. Mr. Martley said that the plaintiff was the solo violinist in the theatre, and therefore he was naturally expected and bound to play solos. His Honor gave a verdict for the amount, - paid into court - £14, with costs, £2 13s 6d. Mr. Martley said if the defendant had paid costs into court with £14 he would have had a verdict, and the omission, he wished to say, was not the fault of the attorney, Mr. Brown.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (2 October 1872), 5 

(Schedule filed in Sandhurst) Isaac Henry Davis, of Sandhurst, musician. Causes of insolvency - Sickness in family, and want of employment. Liabilities, £117 0s. 4d.; assets. £26 14s.; deficiency, £90 6s, 4d. Mr. John Hasker, assignee.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1918), 6 

DAVIS - July 29 1918. Isaac H. Davis, late leader of orchestra, Drury Lane Theatre, London, and Victoria and Prince of Wales Theatres, Sydney, passed to the higher life, aged 83 years. Interred privately at Waverley.

DAVIS, Jane (Jane PRICE; Mrs. F. MESSITER; Mrs. John DAVIS, later DAVIES; "Desda")

Songwriter, poet, author

Born c. 1837
Married John DAVIS, St. Michael's, Surry Hills, NSW, 25 March 1861
Died North Sydney, NSW, 25 March 1890, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Mrs. F. Messiter of Balmain, "Desda", was both author of the words and dedicatee of Ernesto Spagnoletti, senior's song Your Willie has returned dear, an "answer" to Willie we have missed you by Stephen Foster.

Frederick Messiter died in February 1860, and in 1861 Jane married the draper John Davis, who in the meantime had published her second song Cooey, also with music by Spagnoletti senior.


[News], Empire (18 October 1859), 4

The welcome given to "Willie" - on his return home - in the song of "Willie, we have missed you," has induced a Sydney poet - writing under the soubriquet of "Desda" - to express Willie's gratitude for his kind reception. To the text of "Your Willie has returned, dear," - an answer to the above, named well known song - Mr. Spagnoletti, one of the best musicians in this city, has composed a remarkably pretty song, which has just been published by Messrs. Henry Marsh and Co. In the simple ballad school, English composers excel; there is an air of touching homeliness in this class of composition, that appeals to the tenderest feelings. | The song under notice has a very pleasing, but simple, unornamented, and flowing melody. It is within the compass of every voice, extending only to E, the entire distance including a note more than the octave. The accompaniment is also exceedingly light and easy of execution. We are convinced that if this ballad be occasionally heard, it will be come one of the most popular songs of the day.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1859), 3

Balmain seems quite a musical suburb. Only about a fortnight since wo reported a successful and well attended concert in aid of the funds of the School of Arts, and our columns of to-day advertise another for this evening. Signor Spagnoletti intends favouring the residents of Balmain, and we trust that they in return will patronise his efforts to afford amusement at once intellectual and entertaining. Four new songs appear in the programme, two of which have not yet been sung in public, "Cooey," written by the Australian songstress "Desda," is one of them; the music of which, by Spagnoletti, we hear from private sources is extremely new and pretty.

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MISS SPAGNOLETTI", The Maitland Mercury (11 March 1865), 2

. . . the vocal gem of the evening was "Una voce poco fa" - the celebrated cavatina in "Il barbiere de Seviglia," which was executed by Miss Spagnoletti in her best style, and elicited most rapturous applause. She also sang "Good-bye," and being encored, sang " Rolling home to merry England," and "Cooey," all of which were most favourably received by the audience . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1860), 8

COO-EY, an Australian Song, published by JOHN DAVIS, draper. Kiandra House, George-street.

COO-EY, new Song, to be had at Kiandra House, and the principal Music-sellers.

"NEW MUSIC", The Australian Home Companion (11 August 1860), 23

Coo-ey! This very characteristic Australian song has come under our notice. The poetry is excellent, the subject very interesting, the aboriginal cry gracefully introduced. The music (by Signor Spagnoletti) is simple, but pretty; within the compass of ordinary singers, and with a very easy accompaniment. No doubt the publisher, Mr. Davis, of Kiandra House, Sydney, will meet with a large demand for this song.

"ART, SCIENCE, AND LITERATURE", Empire (21 August 1860), 2

. . . A new song, under the eccentric title of "Cooey," has been published, the music by Signor Spagnoletti, and the words by a lady already favourably known to the public. It is a simple, pleasing production, and has already attained considerable popularity . . .

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5

Since the last summary we have two, new and pleasing songs, Cooey, written by Desda, composed by Spagnoletti, R.A. . . .

"AUSTRALIA . . . [BY] DESDA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1860), 5

"THE RELIEF OF THE DISTRESSED . . . [BY] DESDA", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1867), 5

"NEW PUBLICATIONS, ETC.", Illustrated Sydney News (23 December 1871), 14

The Rival Fairies, an Australian Story, by "Desda" (E. Turner, Hunter-street). - This is a pleasant little story, pleasantly told, about "Little Minnie's Troubles" . . .

Musical publications:

Your Willie has returned dear (1859)

Your Willie has returned dear, dedicated to Mrs. F. Messiter, words by DESDA, composed by Spagnoletti, R.A. (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [1859]) (DIGITISED)

Cooey (1859-60)

Cooey! popular Australian song, composed by Signor Spagnoletti R.A. [words by an Australian Lady; music by Spagnoletti, R.A.; to Madame Sara Flower, as sung by Nina Spagnoletti] (Sydney: John Davis, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

Video recording of live performance by Elizabeth Connell (1946-2012), London, November 2010 (STREAMED)

Other publications:

The rival fairies; or, Little Mamie's troubles: an Australian story for children by Desda (Sydney: Edward Turner, 1871) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Angus Trumble, "Desda", The Trumble diaries (website), posted 30 January 2011

DAVIS, Sophia Letitia (Mrs. J. W. DAVIS; Miss JONES)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing, piano, guitar, musicseller

DAVIS, James Wentworth

Stationer, musicseller

Go to main page: 

DAVIS, Thomas Holme (Thomas Holme DAVIS; T. H. DAVIS)

Vocalist, wine merchant (member Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Born London, England, 1 November 1827; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, 14 December 1827, son of George DAVIS and Eliza HOLME
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1855
From c. 1865-66 (common law) husband of Octavia HAMILTON
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1874 (for London)
Died Aston Warwickshire, England; buried St. Barnabas, Erdington, 19 December 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Register of baptisms, 1827, St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, Southwark; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

[Born] 1827 Nov. 1 / [Baptised] [December 1827] 14 / Thomas Holme / [son of] George & Eliza / Davis / St. Mary Lambeth / Woolstapler

England census, 30 March 1851, Kennington, Lambeth, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1574 (PAYWALL)

8 Holland Place / Head / 56 / Wool Stapler . . .
Thomas Holme Davis / Son / 24 / Wool Dealer . . .

Electoral roll, Abbotsford division, Collingwood, Victoria, 1856; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

228 / Davis, Thomas Holme / Victoria street, merchant / freehold / Victoria street, house and land

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (4 January 1856), 5 

The second annual meeting of this society was held yesterday evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institution . . . Mr. Russell was voted to the chair, and called upon the Hon. Secretary, Mr. G. B. Richardson, to read the report, which he did as follows -

MELBOURNE PHILHARMOMIC SOCIETY. Report for 1855 . . . Your committee has withing the twelve months undergone considerable change . . . vacancies which have been filled up by the election of Messrs. G. L. Allan, T. H. Davis, R. Bradford, and W. G. Dredge . . .

The following gentlemen were elected members of committee for the ensuing year:- W. G. Dredge, Thomas Ewart, Richard Bradford, Thomas Holme Davis, Benjamin Horton, W. H. Williams, E. Keep, Joseph Edwards . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (8 July 1867), 3 

Several musical favourites are about to proceed on a starring tour. A small company has been formed, consisting of Miss M. A. Liddell, Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mr. Melvyn, Mr. Rainsford, Mr. Bent, Mr. Linley Norman, and Mr. Thomas Holme Davis. The company will leave Melbourne at an early date for Sydney, where they will give concerts in conjunction with Mr. C. E. Horsley. They will then visit Queensland, Mauritius, the Cape, India, and China.

Burials in the parish of ERDINGTON, in the County of Warwick, in the year [1916]; Library of Birmingham (PAYWALL)

No. 320 / Thomas Holme Davis / 45. Edwards Road, Erdington / [buried] Dec. 19th / 89 years . . .

DAVY, Louisa Jane (Louisa Jane LITCHFIELD; Mrs. William Charles DAVY)

Musician, music teacher

Born England, 1851
Arrived Australia, 1851
Died Prospect, SA, 19 April 1929 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Ruby Davy (daughter)


"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (9 May 1929), 15 

Mrs. Louisa Jane Davy, who died at Prospect, was 78 years of age. She had been a colonist for that number of years, arriving as an infant. Before her marriage to Mr. William Charles Davy she was Miss Litchfield. She was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Litchfield, who landed in Australia from England with their family in 1851. Dr. John Litchfield, an uncle, was the first medical man at the Adelaide Hospital, and Captain Charles Litchfield, another uncle, was at one time Commissioner of Police in Adelaide. The Hon. Thomas Reynolds, who married Mrs. Davy's aunt, was on two occasions Premier of South Australia. He, with his wife and her sister, were drowned in the wreck of the Gothenburg. The latter lady was a distinguished musical composer, and her compositions were lost in the disaster. Mrs. Davy possessed great musical ability, inherited from her father. She led an active musical life up to her death. Being gifted with a fine soprano voice, she led a church choir at the age of 10, and was actively associated with church work as organist and choir leader for over 20 years. Of recent years she acted as assistant teacher of pianoforte and theory to her only daughter, Dr. Ruby Davy, up to within six weeks of her death. She possessed a kindly nature and was loved by her friends.

Bibliography and resources:

"Davy, Louisa Jane (1851-1929)", Obituaries Australia

"Davy, Ruby Claudia (1883-1949)", Obituaries Australia 

DAWBIN, Annie Maria (Annie Maria HADDEN; Mrs. Andrew BAXTER; Mrs. Robert DAWBIN)

Diarist, pioneer, artist, amateur musician

Born Exeter, England, 24 November 1816; daughter of William Frederick HADDEN and Elizabeth HALL
Married Andrew BAXTER (1813-1855), 8 February 1834
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22/23 January 1835 (per Augusta Jessie, from London, 11 September 1834)
Departed (1) VDL, January 1851 (per Calcutta, for England)
Married Robert DAWBIN, Melbourne, VIC, 1857
Died Yan Yean, VIC, 22 November 1905 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baxter's Tasmanian diaries record musical encounters with bishop Francis Nixon and Susan Fereday, and there are many references to the Band of the 99th Regiment, as well as a couple to its master Robert Martin.


Annie Maria Dawbin diaries, 12 September 1834 to 3 May 1869; State Library of New South Wales 

Bibliography and resources:

Memories of the past by a lady in Australia (Melbourne: W.H. Williams, 1873) (DIGITISED)

Lucy Frost (ed.), A face in the glass: the journal and life of Annie Baxter Dawbin (Port Melbourne: William Heinemann Australia, 1992) 

Lucy Frost (ed.), The journal of Annie Baxter Dawbin: July 1858 - May 1868 (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1998) 

Tim Dolin, "Victorian domestic fiction and the settler reader: Annie Baxter Dawbin, 1834-1868", posted 8 June 2008

. . . few works record so diligently, and with so much fidelity, the unremarkable duties and pleasures of everyday colonial life. They tell us what it was like to keep house in a slab hut, to be stranded for days by flooded creeks, to bathe in a bogy-hole on a hot day, to fall off a horse or kill a snake in a dark store room; the pleasure of receiving cuttings of roses and geraniums, and of keeping poultry. We are present at soirées musicales, quadrille parties, balls, hunts and rides, picnics, race meetings, the theatre. We follow the endless rounds of visits . . . which ward off the loneliness of station life and bring a constant traffic of letters, legal papers, newspapers, and books . . . and experience the tedium of staying home all day and all night with needlework and mending. There is sheet music to copy, and games making up verses to given words; there are flirtations, secret loves, courtships, weddings, pregnancies, miscarriages; rumours and innuendoes abound, blackmail, scandal, rows and disputes.

Toni-Anne Sherwood, Annie Baxter in Van Diemen's Land: an abridged and annotated version of her journal, 1834-1851 (Ph.D thesis, University of Tasmania, 2010) (DIGITISED)

DAWES, William (William DAWES)

Marines officer, Indigenous language and culture reporter, song recorder

Born UK, 1762
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 20-21 January 1788 (on Sirius, from England 12 May 1787)
Departed Sydney, NSW, December 1791
Died Antigua, 1836 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

See A Song of New South Wales at:

DAWES, William (William DAWES)

Musician, clarionet / clarinet player

Active Sydney, NSW, June 1820 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1820), 2

FIVE GUINEAS REWARD. - Whereas a House in Princes-street, opposite the Avenue leading to the Military Hospital, was on Friday the 26th Instant broke into, and the following Articles stolen out of a Box; viz. - 4 linen shirts, 3 silk handkerchiefs, 2 pair of unbleached cotton stockings, and a clarionet contained in a black leather bag, marked W. D. on the inside. The clarionet had eight keys, bone ferule broke short on the second joint; maker's name Cramer, London; the mouth-piece marked Key's, London; and also 2 bound books of music for the clarionet, with William Dawes on the inside cover of each. The above Reward will be given for the Detection of the Offender or Offenders; but as the Clarionet may have been purchased innocently, Two Guineas will be given to the Person restoring it to Mr. Hodges, Bunch of Grapes, Pitt-street.

Similar instruments:

Clarinet, 8 keys, "CRAMER / LONDON", c. 1808-12; Birmingham Conservatoire historical instrument collection 

Clarinet, 8 keys, "CRAMER / LONDON", ca. 1816-20; Library of Congress 

Clarinet, 6 keys, made by John Cramer, London, 1790-96; Musuem of Applied Arts and Sciences, NSW 

Documentation (William DAWES, convict, or merchant, or both):

Baptisms, 1791, St. Mary's church, Walton on Thames; Surrey History Centre (PAYWALL)

William James Son of James & Mary Dawes Born July 12 B[aptised] Aug't 14

William Dawes, theft, grand larceny, 26th May 1819; Old Bailey online 

901. WILLIAM DAWES was indicted for stealing, on the 25th of May, one table-spoon, value 10s, the goods of Lepman Polack . . . GUILTY. Aged 26. Transported for Seven Years.

"OLD BAILEY SESSIONS. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2", Morning Advertiser [London, England] (3 June 1819)

William Dawes, a young man great respectability, was also convicted for stealing a silver spoon, the property of J. Pollock, Mansfield-street, Goodman's-fields.

"COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE, Sept. 26, 1826", The Australian (27 September 1826), 2 

THE UNDERMENTIONED PERSONS HAVE obtained Certificates during the last Week; viz.
. . . Dromedary - William Dawes . . .

"DIED", Empire (15 December 1854), 4 

On the 14th instant, at his residence, Miller's Point, William Dawes, Esq., one of our first and most respectable merchants in this city, deeply and universally regretted.

According to burial records, Newtown, this Dawes, above, was 65 years old, so born c. 1789

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1859), 1 

On the 12th instant, at his residence, Francis-street, Glebe, Mr. William Dawes, in his 68th year.

Bibliography and resources:

William Dawes, digital panopticon 

DAWS, Robert (Robert DAWS; Mr. DAWS; Mr. DAWES [sic])

Organist, piano tuner and repairer (late of London), organ builder

Born Horsley Down, Surrey, England, 13 January 1825; baptised King's Weigh House chapel, London, 27 February 1825, son of John DAWS and Mary
Married (1) Jane PHILLIPS (d. 1851), London, 1847
Married (2) Maria BURDEN (d. 1857), Greenwich Church, London, 10 February 1853 Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1853 (per William Stewart)
Married (3) Mary Ann WILLCOCK (d. 1867), Wesleyan chapel, Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1858
Married (4) Eliza GERNER (d. 1882), Wakefield, SA, 14 May 1869
Married (5) Mary LEITCH, Adelaide, SA, 24 May 1887
Died Adelaide, SA, 29 May 1909, in his 85th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, 1825, Kings Weigh House (Independent chapel), Fish Street Hill, London; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

Baptized Feb'y 27 1825 Robert son of John & Ann Daws, Horsley Down, Born Jan'y 13 1825

1841 England census, St. John Horsleydown, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO 107/1087/5 (PAYWALL)

New St / Dockhead / Robert Daws / 16 / Carpenter Ap. / [born Surrey]

1847, marriage solemnized at the church in the parish of St. George the martyr, Southwark, in the county of Surrey; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

229 / September 6th / Robert Daws / 22 / Bachelor/ Carpenter / Southwark Bridge Rd. / [father] John Daws / Tailor
Jane Phillips / Spinster / 20 / - / do. / Robert Phillips / Carp[enter]

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 July 1853), 2 

TO CAPTAIN C. F. RICHES, OF THE SHIP "WILLIAM STEWART." DEAR SIR - We, the undersigned, being Emigrants on board the William Stewart . . . beg to express to you . . . the sense we entertain of your unwearied exertions . . . not only to render the passage as brief as possible (consistent with the safety of the vessel), but also for our general well-being and comfort . . . Robert Daws . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1854), 1

ROBERT DAWS, late of London, continues Tuning and Repairing the above, and all kinds of Musical Instruments.
Grenfell-street east.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 January 1855), 1 

ORGANS, PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, TUNED, Repaired, and kept in order. R. DAWS, Franklin-street. All kinds of Musical Instruments Tuned and Repaired.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 August 1855), 1

ROBERT DAWS, ORGAN BUILDER, PIANOFORTE MAKER, &c. All kinds of Musical Instruments Tuned and Repaired. Franklin-street.

"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sant in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Linger; Mr. Allen

"WESLEYAN BAZAAR", South Australian Register (10 October 1856), 3 

. . . In the course of the evening the choir of Pirie-street Chapel performed several pieces of sacred music in a very creditable style; Mr. Dawes, the organist of that place of worship, presiding at the harmonium. At the close of the "Hallelujah Chorus" the Rev. Mr. Batters announced that the bazaar would be opened, free of charge, on the following (this) day, from 9 a.m. till 6 p.m. For admission after that hour tickets would be issued at 1s. each, and a selection of pieces of sacred music would be performed by the Pirie street Chapel choir, assisted by musical friends who had offered their services . . .

"FATAL ACCIDENT NEAR COX'S CREEK", South Australian Register (2 March 1857), 2 

A most lamentable accident happened on Saturday morning in front of the Lion Mills, a light cart having been upset and Mrs. Daws, wife of the organist of the Wesleyan Chapel, Pirie-street. killed on the spot . . .

"DIED", South Australian Register (7 March 1857), 2 

On 28th ult., near Cox's Creek, Maria, the beloved and affectionate wife of Mr. Robert Daws, Organist of Pirie-street Chapel, who was suddenly killed by the over-turning of a spring-cart.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 May 1857), 1 

1. Chorus - "Praise the Lord" - Bergt.
2. Air - In Native Worth" - Haydn.
3. Duetto - "What Holy Calm" - Beethoven.
4. Chorus - "O, Father, whose Almighty Power" - Handel.
5. Air - My Saviour, I am thine - Schultz.
6. Quartett - Judge me, O Lord; Chorus - "I will give thanks" - Mozart.
7. Chorus - "Worthy is the Lamb" - Handel.
8. Song - "The Home where changes never come" - Jervis.
9. Duet and Chorus - "Hear my Prayer" - Kent.
10. Song - "Rolling and Foaming Billow" - Haydn.
11. Duet - "On Bethel's Plains" - Fawcett, sen.
12. Chorus - "Hallelujah" - Handel.
The Members of the North and South Adelaide Choral Societies and several Amateurs having volunteered their services, and Herr Linger having kindly consented to preside at the Piano, will ensure an amount of talent rarely brought together.
Tickets, 3s. each, to be had of Mr. White, or Messrs. Brenton, Mullelt, Wigg, Platts, Hellier, and Fooks.

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (9 May 1857), 2 

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", Adelaide Times (9 May 1857), 2 

A very successful grand concert was given yesterday evening at White's Assembly Room, by the members of the different Choral Societies bf this city. The concert was given as a complimentary benefit to Mr. Dawes the organist . . .

"GILBERT-STREET Schoolroom", Adelaide Observer (17 October 1857), 1 supplement 

. . . After the tea a public meeting was held, when, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, not less than 800 persons were present . . . Several choruses from the "Messiah," and also some of Mozart's, were executed in a masterly manner by the Pirie-street choir, led by Mr. J. Rowe, and accompanied on the organ by Mr. Daws. The thanks of the meeting having been presented to the organist and choir, Mr. Carvesso replied in suitable terms . . . After a vote of thanks to the chairman (Rev. W. Ingram), the meeting broke up, having spent an evening with delight and profit; and many were the wishes that the sublime strains of Handel's sacred music could oftener be heard and enjoyed.

"MARRIED", The South Australian Advertiser (4 August 1858), 2

On the 4th instant, by the Rev. W. Ingram, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Pirie-street, Mr. Robert Daws, organist of the above place of worship, to Mary Ann, daughter of O. W. Willcock, Esq,. of the Goolwa.

"THE FACTORIES OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. No. 7. - MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS", South Australian Register (2 December 1859), 3 

. . . We believe that the only tradesmen in business in Adelaide who are exclusively employed in making and repairing musical instruments are Mr. R. Dawes, of Weymouth-street, and Mr. Redford Clisby, of Rundle-street. On a recent visit to Mr. Dawes's establishment we were much gratified in inspecting a powerful organ, nearly completed. Mr. Dawes obligingly explained its principles and mechanism. It will contain five stops, technically known as the "stopped diapason," "claribal," "open diapason," "principal," and "fifteenth." In addition to the notes produced by the keyboard, there will be a set of pedals descending to double G, produced by an open pipe 11 feet 6 inches in length, with a "coupler" to connect the pedal notes with the keys of the left hand . . . We have stated that Mr. Dawes's organ will descend to double G; this is only a fifth above the deepest pedal note of the fine organ in Pirie-street Chapel, imported a year or two ago from England at a cost of £300. The key-board of the organ we are describing is made to slide horizontally into a level with the front, so that, when not in use, it may be enclosed from dust or injury. The bellows are so constructed as to be capable of being acted upon either by the performer or by another person stationed at the back of the instrument. There are some other peculiarities connected with its mechanism of singular ingenuity, but which cannot be easily explained without illustration. Mr. Dawes estimates its power as sufficient to lead a congregation of 700 persons. The case will be constructed of polished cedar. The design of the front is in the Saxon-Gothic style, with towers at the sides, each containing five ornamental pipes. The centre is of fluted silk. Besides the establishment of Mr. Dawes, we visited that of Mr. Marshall, of Currie-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 May 1863), 1 

PEACOCK & CO., PIANOFORTE and CABINET MAKERS, UPHOLSTERERS, and UNDERTAKERS, 52 Rundle STREET, opposite Gawler-place. Pianofortes, Organs, and Harmoniums Tuned and Repaired by skilful workmen, under the superintendence of Mr. R. Daws.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (3 February 1865), 4 

ROBERT DAWS, PIANOFORTE TUNER, REMOVED from Leigh-street to Rundle-street East.

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, PORT ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (16 February 1865), 2 

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (18 February 1865), 2 

A splendid new chancel organ, recently imported in the Fort Regent, from London, has been erected in the gallery of St. Paul's Church, Port Adelaide, within the last week. It is a 7-octave instrument with ten stops and all the latest improvements. Its erection has been superintended by Mr. Daws, of Rundle-street . . .

"CHURCH ORGAN", South Australian Register (10 August 1870), 5 

The organ which has for the past few years been in use at St. Paul's Church, Port Adelaide, has recently been removed from the gallery at the end of the building to the old chancel near the pulpit, and it is found that its tones are heard much more distinctly throughout the edifice from this position, whilst the members of the choir have much more accommodation. The removal has been effected by Mr. Robert Daws, who has had the care of the organ since its importation, and by whom some important alterations have been made. It is a fine instrument, and the change appears to have given general satisfaction to the congregation.

"TO CORRESPONDENCE", The Advertiser (4 December 1899), 4 

"H. H. Phillips" corrects a statement in the report of the opening of the new organ at the Hindmarsh-Square Congregational Church, that Mr. J. E. Dodd was the builder of the instrument previously in use. The builder of the old organ was Mr. Robert Daws, of Rundle-street, who, our correspondent is informed, began the work on construction in the year 1854, having then manufactured the wooden pipes, diapason, flute, pedals, etc. The organ was completed and placed in position in 1871, and did good service until replaced by the excellent instrument just completed by Mr. J. E. Dodd. "J. E. Dodd" also writes, pointing out that the old organ was built by Mr. Daws.

"DEATHS", The Register (31 May 1909), 6

DAWS. - On the 29th May, at his residence, Rundle-street east, Robert, the beloved husband of M. Daws, in his 85th year, leaving 4 sons and 4 daughters. Arrived in ship William Stewart, 1853.

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (31 May 1909), 8 

Mr. Robert Daws, who died on Saturday at his residence, Rundle-street east, arrived by the ship William Stewart in 1853. He was a builder, but subsequently engaged in organ building and tuning and pianoforte tuning. He assisted in building the first organ in the Town Hall, and built the first organ in the Hindmarsh-square Congregational Church, as well as one for the late Dr. Curtis. Upon arrival in the State Mr. Daws joined the Congregational Church in Ebenezer-place. When subsequently the meeting-place was transferred to Hindmarsh-square he continued a member, and remained so till the day of his death. For some time in the earlier days he was organist of the Pirie-street Methodist Church. Mr. Daws retired from active life a few years ago. He left a widow, four sons (Robert, Alfred, and Arthur, of Adelaide, and Percy, of Broken Hill), four daughters (Mrs. J. G. Olding and Mrs. C. R. Hodge, of Adelaide, and Mrs. James Buik and Mrs. E. J. Shaw, of Sydney). There are 32 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Mr. Daws, was in his 85th year.

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (31 May 1909), 6 

Mr. Robert Daws, who died at his residence, Rundle street, on Saturday, in his eighty-fifth year, was a colonist of 56 years. He arrived in 1855 by the ship William Stewart. Like many of the early arrivals Mr. Daws, who was a builder, turned his attention to several occupations, among them organ building and organ and pianoforte tuning. He assisted in the erection of the first Town Hall organ, and built the first organ in the Hindmarsh Square Church. He was a member of the Ebenezer and Hindmarsh Square Congregational Churches from the date of his arrival in South Australia. For some time he was also organist of the Pirie Street Methodist Church. A few years ago he retired from active life . . .

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (5 October 1939), 10 

Mr. Robert Daws, who passed away at the age of 80 years, was born in Ebenezer place, Adelaide. His father was one of the State's earliest organ makers and experts, and he assisted him in building and installing many church organs. He was an accomplished organist. He was an enthusiastic cyclist, and was captain of the old Norwood Club when high bicycles were used . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Davis Shield, "St. Paul's Anglican Church, Port Adelaide: historical and technical documentation, OHTA (2013) 


Comic vocalist, songwriter

Active Melbourne, VIC, January to August 1853; Ballarat, VIC, July 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1853), 5 

PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS:- Mr. JOHN GREGG, Mr. DE COURCY, From the Lyceum Theatre, London, Mr. MOSELY.
PIANIST - Mr. SALAMON. ADMISSION - ONE SHILLING. Chops, Steaks, Kidneys, &c., until half-past Ten o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Wilkie; John Gregg; Edward Salaman

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1853), 6 

ROYAL HOTEL. CHARLES WILKIE'S Cider Cellar, open every Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday.
Mr. St. Albin will sing Joe Brown, a new comic song written expressly for him by a new chum. Mr. Gregg, the Eminent Basso. Mr. Moseley, the well-famed Ballad Singer, Will sing Ben Bolt. Mr. De Courcy, the celebrated Tenor, and Mr. Dawson, the favorite Comic singer, will sing the New Chum. Mr. Salomons, Pianist. Admission 1s. - To commence at Eight.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1853), 3

CIDER CELLARS, Royal Hotel, Great Collins-street. PROPRIETOR - MR. CHARLES WILKIE.
Admission 1s. THIS popular place of amusement is open every evening, with songs and glees.
Principal Vocalists. Mr. De Courcy, tenor, from the T. R. Lyceum.
Mr. Moseley, the well-famed ballad singer, will sing Ben Bolt &c.
Mr. Walsh, of the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne.
Mr. Dawson, comic, who will sing, among others, the "New Chum" every night.
Mr. Moore will play solos on the violin every evening.
Mr. Solomon, the great pianist nightly.

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1853), 12 

MR. DAWSON begs to inform his friends, that his Benefit takes place, on Friday, May 6, at the Cider Cellars, Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1853), 12 

COLLINGWOOD HARMONIC HALL. STUDLEY ARMS, Wellington-street, Collingwood.
GRAND CONCERT, This Evening, Wednesday, 18th May, 1853. PROGRAMME. 1st Part.
Chorus - Gipsies' Tent
Mr. Hill - The Old Aim Chair -
Mr. Dawson - (Comic) All There! - Dawson.
Mr. Rigby - Man the Life Boat - H. Russell.
Mr. Wright - (Comic) Horrible Tate.
Mr. Trevor - The Nigger - Trevor.
Second Part.
Mr. Hill - Ben Bolt - Rainer.
Mr. Dawson - (Comic) The good time come at last - Dawson.
Mr. Rigby - The Wolf.
Mr. Wright - Black Jack the Digger - Wright.
Chorus - Cigars and Cognac.
Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. Trevor.
Cornet - Mr. Wright. Violin - Mr. Hill. Manager, F. Jackson.
Concert to commence at half-past Seven o'clock. Admission, One Shilling.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 August 1853), 8 

ROWE's American Circus . . . This Evening . . . Mr. Dawson will sing some of his favorite songs . . .

"THE AMERICAN BALL ON THE FOURTH OF JULY", The Argus (22 July 1854), 6 

We do not believe there has ever been anything on these mines to approach this festival, which went off with the greatest eclat. One would almost think that "Tom" had paid a visit to Ballaarat . . . Mr. Dawson also sang a comic song with great applause . . . Ballarat Times.

DAWSON, Charles James (Charles James DAWSON; Mr. C. J. DAWSON)

Amateur composer, barrister

Born London, England, 1825; baptised St. Martin in the fields, 4 February 1825, son of Charles DAWSON and Lucretia SPROTT
Married Mary Ann PENTON (d. 1854), Old Church, Saint Pancras, London, England, 19 May 1849
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Married Mary SELMAN (d. 1879), VIC, 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 March 1870, aged 43 [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Two compositions are attributed to the Victorian Supreme Court barrister, Charles James Dawson. Originally called to the bar at the Inner Temple, London, in 1848, Dawson was first admitted to the NSW Supreme Court in Sydney by another amateur composer, F. W. Meymott, in December 1852.

Having moved to Melbourne by mid-1854, his song The rose upon the balcony was published in Melbourne by Joseph Wilkie later that year, and exhibited in the Victorian Exhibition, where it was described as having:

a slightly constructed melody arranged to the \well-known lines in Vanity Fair . . . the composition of Mr. C. J. Dawson, a barrister of the Supreme Court of this province.

No copy has been identified.

Dawson's other composition, published by Wilkie in January 1862 is Le bon voyage waltz, arranged for the piano by Stephen Marsh, and dedicated to judge Redmond Barry. It was first performed at, and probably specially composed for, a benefit by Lyster's Opera Company in March that year for the visiting cricketers, the "ALL-ENGLAND ELEVEN Previous to their Departure for Europe", at which it was advertised:

After the Opera the Band will perform LE BON VOYAGE VALSE, Composed by C. J. Dawson, Esq, and The ALL ENGLAND ELEVEN POLKA, Composed by S. H. Marsh, Esq.

The conductor was Anthony Reiff junior.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields in the county of Middlesex in the year 1825; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 97 / [February] 4th / Charles James / [son of] Charles & Lucretia Jane / Dawson / 4 Martlett Court / Orange Merchant . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, St Martin Vintry, Middlesex; UK National Archives, Ho 107/1530 (PAYWALL)

7 Queen St. Place / Charles Dawson / Head / 26 / Barrister (Practising) / [born] Middlesex London
Mary A [Dawson] / Wife / 27 // Arthur [Dawson] / Son / 1 . . .

"NEW BARRISTER", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1852), 2

Mr. MEYMOTT moved the admission of Charles James Dawson, Esq., of the Inner Temple (called in May, 1848) as a barrister of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Admission ordered.


. . . At the extremity of the gallery we come upon a very fine-toned cottage pianoforte, exhibited by Mr. Joseph Wilkie, of Collins-street, upon which are lying two new compositions by colonial artists. The first is a slightly constructed melody arranged to the well-known lines in Vanity Fair, commencing, "The rose upon the balcony," and is the composition of Mr. C. J. Dawson, a barrister of the Supreme Court of this province. The second is the Victoria Polka, by Mr. H. St. Murdel Williams. Both pieces have been engraved in the colony, and the copies we saw are highly creditable as a work of art to the exhibitor, Mr. Wilkie . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1855), 8

JUST Published, " The Victoria Polka," and favorite Song, by - Dawson, Esq., "The Rose upon my Balcony." JOSEPH WILKIE, 15 Collins-street . . .

[News], The Argus (27 January 1862), 4

A really pretty waltz, entitled "Le Bon Voyage Waltz," has just been published by Mr. Wilkie, of Collins-street. It is composed by Mr. C. J. Dawson, arranged for the pianoforte by Mr. S. H. Marsh, and was dedicated to Sir Redmond Barry.

[Advertisement], The Herald (25 March 1862), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . LYSTER'S GRAND OPERA COMPANY, Conductor - A. Reiff, Jun. FAREWELL BENEFIT OF THE ALL-ENGLAND ELEVEN . . . After the Opera the Band will perform LE BON VOYAGE VALSE, Composed by C. J. Dawson, Esq., and The ALL ENGLAND ELEVEN POLKA, Composed by S. H. Marsh, Esq. . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 March 1870), 4

DAWSON.–On the 17th inst., at Dr. Günst's, Collins-street east, Charles James Dawson, Esq., of the Inner Temple, barrister-at law, aged 43.

[News], The Argus (19 March 1870), 5

The late Mr. C. J. Dawson, whose death we announced yesterday, was one of the most distinguished members of the Victorian bar. He was educated, we believe, at the Charterhouse, and subsequently went to Queen's College, Oxford. He also entered at the Inner Temple, and was called to the bar by that society on the 6th May, 1848, and went [on] the Oxford circuit, where he acquired some practice. Attracted, however, by the discovery of gold in these colonies, he came out to Sydney and subsequently arrived in Victoria, where he engaged in digging for a short time. He soon abandoned this, and resumed his practice at the bar, having been admitted to the Victorian bar in the early part of 1853. He at once attained a considerable practice, being as well-known for his technical knowledge of the law as for his ability to appeal to a jury on all subjects, from grave to gay - from lively to severe. About three years ago he was attacked with paralysis, and withdrew altogether from the practice of his profession in the middle of 1868. He never entered political life, although he was often asked to become a candidate for Parliament, and was once offered the Attorney-Generalship. It has been said that Mr. Dawson had not received any attention from the profession lately, but the fact is, that his disease had made him so morbidly sensitive that he did not care to receive any visits except from his most intimate friends. But he was not the less remembered, and when it was understood a couple of weeks since that he had so far recovered that he would probably return to practice before the next sittings, the news was received with great satisfaction. He was retained in several cases for the ensuing sittings, but unfortunately the hopes of his ultimate recovery were destroyed by his catching a cold on Sunday last, from the effects of which he died on Thursday. Mr. Dawson was twice married, and his second wife survives him. His first wife was drowned, with her three children, her mother, and her sister in the ship the Tayleur, which was wrecked in January, 1854, off Howth Head, on her first voyage. The loss of his family in this way was a sad blow to Mr. Dawson, and he did not recover the shock for many a day. He was very fond of musical composition, and he once published a galop, which he dedicated to Sir Redmond Barry. He had also engaged in literary pursuits, and was at one time a frequent contributor to the English Law Magazine. His loss at the bar will not be easily supplied.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (21 March 1870), 2 

DAWSON, Robert (Robert DAWSON)

Amateur flautist, songmaker, composer

Born Great Bentley, Essex, England, 25 September 1782; baptised St. Mary the virgin, Great Bentley, 24 January 1783, son of Joseph and Ann DAWSON
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1825 (on the York, from Cowes, England, 24 June)
Departed Sydney, NSW, late 1828
Died Greenwich, Kent, England, 28 October 1865 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Robert Dawson spent four years in New South Wales in the 1820s as chief agent for the Australian Agricultural Company during which time he travelled widely. On his return to England, he published The present state of Australia; a description of the country, its advantages and prospects with reference to emigration: and a particular account of . . . its Aboriginal inhabitants (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1830). The book includes one musical item, which he called Song of the Natives: We all sit down together "composed" and perhaps notated by Dawson, as he explained (133-34):

[The wild natives] generally have an excellent ear for [music], and those who usually attended me were in the habit of accompanying my flute in chorus, which they did in excellent tune and time. I was in the habit, and especially when I wished to keep them cheerful, of singing and playing the following simple strain to them, with any words the occasion might call for . . ."

It is thus a rare example of a musical work "composed" by a European specifically to appeal to Indigenous Australians.


"OLD BOOMERANG. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1917), 9

Bibliography and resources:

The present state of Australia; a description of the country, its advantages and prospects with reference to emigration: and a particular account of the manners, customs, and conditions of its Aboriginal inhabitants by Robert Dawson, esq. (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1830)

E. Flowers, "Dawson, Robert (1782-1866)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

DAWSON, Sarah (Mrs. Frederick DAWSON)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of William Harrison), teacher of singing and pianoforte

Married Frederick DAWSON (c. 1826-1858), ? England
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 February 1852 (per Maitland, from the Downs, 9 November 1851)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, by April 1853
Departed Hobart, TAS, 15 July 1858 (per City of Hobart, for Melbourne) Departed Melbourne, VIC, 20 July 1858 (per Agincourt for England) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1852), 4

FEBRUARY 20, - Maitland, ship, 648 tons, Captain Henry, from the Downs, November 9. Passengers . . . Mrs. Dawson and son . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1852), 1

MR. ANDREW MOORE . . . purposes giving a vocal and Instrumental Entertainment at the School of Arts, on WEDNESDAY next, the 24th instant, on which occasion he will be assisted
by Mrs. Sarah Dawson, who will make her debut before a Sydney audience.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 2. Song - "Thou art with me Still," - Mrs. S. Dawson - Glover . . .
6. Song - "The Swiss Girl," Mrs. Dawson, with flute accompaniment by Mr. Baly - Lindley . . .
PART II . . . 2. Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze," - Mrs. S. Dawson - Linley
5. Duet - "What are the wild waves saying," - Mrs. S. Dawson and Mr. Moore - Glover . . .

"MR. MOORE'S MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (25 March 1852), 2 

. . . Perhaps the most pleasing of the performances were the duet "What are the Wild Waves Saying," rendered with very fine feeling by Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Moore, and "Thou art gone from my Gaze," sung by Mrs. Dawson in a genre really delightful for purity. The lady's voice is a soprano, and seems to have received considerable training . . .

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1852), 4

. . . The novelty of the evening was Mrs. Dawson, who has recently arrived here, and of whom our London friends had spoken in very favourable terms. Her voice is a soprano, and has evidently been cultivated in a good school. She displayed much taste and feeling in the graceful compositions of Charles Glover and Linley, which she selected for her debut, and fully realised the expectations which had been entertained of her success . . .

"MUSICAL", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (27 March 1852), 2 

. . . Mrs. Sarah Dawson, a lady but lately arrived in the colony, was then introduced to a Sydney audience. She sung Glover's pretty ballad, "Thou art with me still," with taste and feeling. Her voice is a soprano, more sweet than powerful, but evincing the marks of careful culture. The lady is a decided acquisition . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1852), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (31 March 1852), 1 

MR. A. MOORE . . . his next CONCERT will take place THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, the 31st inst., at the SCHOOL OF ARTS, on which occasion Miss LILLIE ARMFELDT will have the honour of making her debut,
and MRS. DAWSON, her second appearance.
PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 4. Song - "Sounds so joyful," - Mrs. Dawson. - Bellini . . .
7. Duet. - "What are the Wild Waves saying," Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Moore. - Glover.
PART 2ND . . . 2. Song, "In dreams' thou'rt with me still," Mrs. Dawson - Glover . . .
6. Song - "Thou art gone from my gaze," Mrs. Dawson. - Linley . . .

"MR. A. MOORE'S CONCERT", Empire (2 April 1852), 2 

. . . Mrs. Dawson's really graceful powers were beard to advantage in Bellini's charming air, "Sounds so joyful," but the duet repeated this evening, "What are the wild waves saying?" by Mrs. Dawson and Mr. Moore, we can only look on as a failure . . . "In dreams thou art with me still," was warbled by Mrs. Dawson with a freshness and an airy lightness beautifully controlled by the sentiment, making it, we think, the coup of the performance . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (7 April 1852), 1 

PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 2. Song. - "In dreams thou'rt' with me still," Mrs. Dawson. - Crouch [sic] . . .
PART 2ND . . . 3. Duet - "A voice from the Waves," Mrs. Dawson and an Amateur - Glover . . .
6. Song - "Scenes of my Youth," Mrs. Dawson. - Benedict . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (22 April 1852), 1 

MRS. A. MOORE (late Miss Lazar) . . . THIS EVENING, (Thursday,) the 22nd instant, at the Royal Hotel.
PROGRAMME. PART 1ST . . . 2. Song - "Scenes of my youth," Mrs. Dawson - Benedict . . .
6. Song - "The Young Nadir," - Mrs. Dawson - Balfe . . .
PART 2ND . . . 5. Song. - "In dreams thou'rt' with me still," Mrs. Dawson. - Glover . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1852), 1 

PROGRAMME. First Part . . . 2. Song - The Captive Greek Girl's Lament - Hobbs - Mrs. Dawson . . .
Second Part . . . 2. Duet - I know a Bank - Bishop [sic] - Mrs. Moore and Mrs. Dawson . . .
5. Ballad - Auld Robin Gray - Mrs. Dawson . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (2 April 1853), 3

"CONCERT", The Courier (8 April 1853), 2

. . . Mrs. Dawson, whose voice we have been informed was a pure soprano of extraordinary compass, sweet in quality, and evidencing a high degree of cultivation, as well as natural flexibility, made her debut before a Tasmanian audience . . .

[Advertisement], Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (16 April 1853), 1 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THIS DAY, SATURDAY, April 16th, 1853. . . . GRAND MORNING CONCERT OF VOCAL & INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC ON WHICH OCCASION MRS. DAWSON, Pupil of the celebrated HARRISON, Vocalist of the Royal Academy of Music, Will have the honour of making her SECOND appearance . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 April 1853), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (2 July 1853), 3 

TOWNSEND'S DRAMA of "Mary's Dream" was performed for the second time at this Theatre last evening . . . Then followed the Concert, of which the following was the Programme: . . .
Glee, Chough and Crow - Mrs. Dawson, McGeorge, Hill and Poole . . .
Ballad, FRANKLIN'S FATE (by desire) - Mrs. Dawson . . .
Quartette, Sleep, Gentle Lady - Mrs. Dawson, Messrs. McGeorge, Hill and Poole - BISHOP . . .
Ballad, Thou art Gone from My Gaze - Mrs. Dawson . . .
Ballad, The Old Arm Chair - Mrs. Dawson . . .
The first glee was given in pretty good style, though somewhat marred in general effect by the singing of Mr. Poole, whose voice almost thoroughly overcame that of Mrs. Dawson . . . Mrs. Dawson acquitted herself with her usual taste and feeling in the several songs and ballads allotted to her . . .

"MRS. DAWSON'S GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (28 October 1853), 2

UNDER the distinguished, patronage of Lady Denison, who, in person, accompanied by several members of her family, attended the performance, attracted a large and highly respectable auditory. As the capabilities of the several artists whose talents have so often contributed to the gratification of their fellow-citizens are already sufficiently known and appreciated, it only remains for us to point out such portions of the entertainment as offered aught worthy of peculiar observation. Of Mrs. Dawson, it may be stated that, although a great degree of nervousness was perceptible in her earlier efforts, a marked improvement took place during the evening. In her duet with Madame Carandini, "Come away, elves," she sung with great sweetness; her voice blending most harmoniously with the more powerful tones of her companion. Some parties present, doubtless meaning the act as a compliment, endeavoured more than once to procure an encore; but in Mrs. Dawson's apparently delicate state, it was most judiciously and feelingly not encouraged. Very frequently, in fact, to demand such a reappearance, is less a tribute of praise than an act of selfish cruelty. Madame Carandini exerted herself most effectively throughout the evening; her voice, notwithstanding its power, was blended with tones of exquisite sweetness. In the concluding buffo song with Mr. Lavenu, "When a little farm we keep," her acting and singing were admirable. Mr. F. Howson's "Ship on Fire" proved rather a disappointment . . . Mr. Salier sang well . . . Messrs. Megson and Lavenu, on their respective instruments, performed as excellently as usual . . . Generally . . . the Concert went off well, creditably alike to the taste of the performers, the audience, and the colony.

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 November 1853), 4 

To the Editor of the Daily Courier.
Warwick-street, Hobart Town, 7th November, 1853.
SIR, - I perceive that Mrs. Dawson is announced to take part in Mr. Winterbottom's intended Concert on the 11th November, and as her name has been made use of on several occasions of late without her authority, it is but right to inform the public, through the medium of your columns, that she does not sing at Mr. Winterbottom's concert on the 11th instant, he having published her name with the full knowledge that her engagements would preclude the possibility of her assisting him until after the 11th instant. Your obedient servant, FREDERICK DAWSON.

"BIRTH", The Courier (27 February 1854), 2 

On the 24th instant, in Warwick-street, MRS. FREDERICK DAWSON, of a Daughter.

"MRS. DAWSON", The Hobarton Mercury (8 July 1854), 2

We are glad to observe that this talented lady has been induced to give lessons in Singing and the Piano Forte. As she is the only lady here who professionally teaches, no doubt her time will soon be fully occupied.

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (19 July 1854), 4 

MRS. DAWSON begs to announce to her friends and the public, that it is tier intention to give Private Lessons in Singing and on the Piano Forte. 20, Davey-st., 11th July, 1854.

"M. HERWYN'S GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (6 October 1854), 2

. . . Mrs. Dawson sang the three pieces allotted to her with more than her usual elegance and feeling, and was much and deservedly applauded . . .

"MRS. DAWSON", The Courier (4 May 1855), 2 

This favourite vocalist, whose exertions have been so well appreciated at Tasmanian Concerts, is about to leave the Australias for England, via the Eagle, at Melbourne.

? "PORT OF HOBART TOWN . . . ENTERED OUT", The Tasmanian Daily News (30 October 1856), 2 

Oct. 29. - City of Hobart, s., 364, Bentley, for Melbourne. Passengers; Cabin . . . Mrs. Dawson and 2 infants . . .

"MRS. DAWSON'S CONCERT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (13 July 1858), 3 

This evening, Mrs. Dawson gives a farewell Concert in the Ball Room of the Old Government House, previous to her departure for England, on Thursday. Mr. Farquharson has very kindly consented to afford his valuable assistance on the occasion. This lady, as our readers are aware, is the wife of Mr. Dawson who has recently quitted the colony, it having been discovered that he was a defaulter in the office of the Tasmanian Steam Navigation Company. This concert has been suggested by several of Mrs. Dawson's friends, as a means of aiding her in accomplishing her voyage to England with her young family . . .

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Courier (15 July 1858), 2 

Mrs. Dawson's farewell concert at the Hall Room of old Government House, previous to her departure in the City of Hobart for Melbourne, whence she proceeds to England in the Agincourt, was attended, notwithstanding the unusual inclemency of the weather, by about ninety persons . . .

"MUSICAL", The Tasmanian Telegraph (17 July 1858), 3 

Notwithstanding the unpropitious weather for the rain poured down in torrents on Tuesday evening, a numerous audience, assembled in the Ball Room at Old Government house, on the occasion of a Farewell Concert given by Mrs. Dawson previous to her departure for England. Mrs. Dawson has always been a favourite with us, and it was with pleasure we found that her sweet and highly cultivated voice had lost none of its fascination during her absence from Tasmania . . .

"SYDNEY . . . SUICIDE", The Tasmanian Telegraph (31 July 1858), 5 

Frederick Dawson, late of the Steam Navigation Company's office, Hobart Town, committed suicide by cutting his throat from ear to ear on the 18th inst. at Mrs. Brady's boarding house, Devonshire Place, upper William street, Woolloomooloo, Sydney. Pecuniary embarrassment, increased by the difficulty experienced in obtaining occupation in Sydney is supposed to have caused the rash act.

DEAKIN, James Edward (James Edward DEAKIN); J. E. DEAKIN)

Music publisher, music and musical instrument seller

Born Aston, Warwick, England, 1 February 1818; baptised St. Philip, Birmingham, 10 April 1818, son of Francis DEAKIN and Lucy LAKIN
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1845
Married Amy DIXON, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 26 June 1845
Departed Hobart, TAS, 20 February 1856 (per Indian Queen, for Liverpool)
Died Pershore, England, 6 June 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In April 1852 Deakin was appointed Town Surveyor for Hobart by the governor, and his appointment was duly confirmed by the elected city council in January 1853. However, due to the low salary, he resigned in December 1853, and in March 1854 went into partnership with John Alfred Huxtable, as stationers, booksellers, and fancy goods merchants.

In 1854 and 1855, as Huxtable & Deakin, they also published music. This included two major series of colonial compositions, The Delacourt bouquet, and The Tasmanian lyre, both edited by Henry Butler Stoney.

They also issued a few separate titles, compositions by Francis Hartwell Henslowe, and by Frederick Alexander Packer and his son Frederick Augustus Packer.

Deakin returned permanently to England, due to ill-health, in February 1856. Nevertheless, the partnership continued to trade in Hobart, as Huxtable and Deakin, until mid 1857, though without publishing any further music after the end of 1855.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Philip Birmingham . . . in the year 1818; Library of Birmingham (PAYWALL)

No. 161 / 1818 10th April / James Edward born 1 Feb. 1818 son of / Francis & Lucy / Deakin / Deritend Mill Aston Parish / Wire drawer . . .

"MARRIED", Launceston Examiner (2 July 1845), 4

On Thursday, 26th June, by the Rev. Henry Dowling, Mr. James Edward Deakin, of Hobart Town, to Amy, youngest daughter of the late Captain Dixon, Kenmere, River Ouse.

"TOWN SURVEYOR", Colonial Times (13 April 1852), 2 

Mr. James Deakin has been appointed by his Excellency to be Surveyor for Hobart Town.

"CORPORATION OFFICERS", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (12 January 1853), 3 

On Monday Mr. Andrew Crombie, Solicitor, was appointed Town Clerk of the City, and Mr. Deakin Town Surveyor and Director of Waterworks. With regard to the efficiency of these gentlemen, there can be no doubt . . . Mr. Deakin, as Town Surveyor, has done as much for the city, as he was able to do with the limited means at his disposal. We sincerely congratulate these gentlemen on their appointment . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (26 December 1853), 3 

APPLICATIONS for the offices of CITY SURVEYOR and DIRECTOR of WATER-WORKS, vacant by the retirement of Mr. James Deakin, will be received at this office till the 7th of January next. The Salary will be £450 per annum. By order of the Mayor and Aldermen, ANDREW CROMBIE. Town Clerk.

[2 advertisements], The Courier (18 March 1854), 4 

The Undersigned, haying entered into Partnership as Booksellers, Stationers, Commission Agents, &c., beg to give notice that the Business will in future be carried on under the style and firm of "Huxtable & Deakin," who will discharge all claims upon and receive all debts due to the late firm of Huxtable & Co.
J. A. HUXTABLE, J. E. DEAKIN, Fancy Repository, Murray-street, March 16, 1854.

THE Undersigned have much pleasure in intimating that their Mr. J. A. H. will proceed to England per Antipodes, where he will remain for the purpose of selecting regular supplies of Standard Works, which will be shipped immediately after publication . . . HUXTABLE & DEAKIN.

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 February 1856), 1 

THURSDAY, 21st FEBRUARY - Lease of Eligible Premises in Macquarie-street, Superior Household Furniture, Pianoforte, an Excellent Gig, Noted Greg Pony Jerry, Harness, &c., &c.
Messrs. BRENT & WESTBROOK . . . Have received instructions from J. E Deakin, Esq., who (from continued ill-health) is proceeding to England, to Sell by Public Auction, on the Premises, on THURSDAY, the 21st February, at 12 o'clock, THE LEASE of that Delightfully-situated DWELLING and LAND in Macquarie-street, now in his occupation . . . AFTER WHICH The whole of the superior household furniture . . .

"SHIPPING NEWS. HOBART TOWN . . . ENTERED OUT", The Courier (20 February 1856), 2 

February 20th - Indian Queen, ship, 1051, Jobson, Liverpool. Cabin - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Deakin and three children . . .

"GENERAL INTELLIGENCE", The Tasmanian Daily News (16 July 1857), 2 

Large massive cedar shed, trays with three shelves on castors, show cases with glass fronts, office furniture, &c., forming all the moveable trade requisites of Messrs. Huxtable and Deakin, in addition to the general stock, will be sold by Mr. W. A. Guesdon, at the Mart, Collins-street, on Friday, the 17th July . . .

"CITY COUNCIL . . . MR. DEAKIN", The Tasmanian Daily News (7 July 1857), 2 

His Worship the Mayor laid on the table a letter he had received from the Colonial Secretary, forwarding a communication from Mr. Deakin, who was living in England in rather distressed circumstances, and who had made application to the Government for a pension, in consideration of his having held the office of City Surveyor and Inspector of Water Works . . .

"MUNICIPAL COUNCIL", The Courier (8 July 1857), 2 

The Mayor informed the Council he had been spoken to by the Colonial Secretary on the subject of Mr. Deakin, formerly the Town Surveyor of Hobart Town, who had written from England representing that he was in great distress, and applying for a pension. His Worship stated that all he could find was that Mr. Deakin resigned in consequence of the lowness of his salary. The Council authorised the Mayor to furnish a copy of Mr. Deakin's letter of resignation.

"DIED", The Mercury (19 March 1862), 2 

At Green Cryce, Hereford, on the 18th of January, Amy, the beloved wife of James Edward Deakin, Esq., late of Hobart Town; and youngest daughter of the late Captain Dixon, 4th R.V.B. of Kenmere, Tasmania.

Musical publications:

The garrison polka, composed & dedicated to the officers of H.M. 99th regiment by Frederick A. Packer, J'r (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

The Northdown polka [by Francis Hartwell Henslowe] (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

The Delacourt bouquet, a collection of local music, or potpouri of songs, polka, waltzes, quadrille & schottische, edited by the author of "A year in Tasmania," and dedicated, by permission, to Lady Denison and the ladies of the sweet island of the south (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1854]) (separate titles, each DIGITISED)

The Tasmanian lyre, sequel to Delacourt bouquet dedicated to Lady Denison and the ladies of Tasmania (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

The dying soldier's legacy; a song of the war, the words by John Abbott, esq., the music by Francis Hartwell Henslowe, esq. (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

The queen of the polkas, composed & dedicated to Miss Jones, Bleak House, Risdon, by Frederick A. Packer, R.A.M. (Hobart Town: Huxtable and Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

DE ALBA, Tomaso (Tomaso DE ALBA; Signor DE ALBA)

Bass vocalist, professor of singing and voice production

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 November 1886 (per Lusitania)
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 June 1932 (shareable link to this entry)


"THE SIMONSEN ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", The Argus (29 November 1886), 8

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (26 February 1887), 3

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1887), 11

"SERIOUS LIFT ACCIDENT", The Advertiser (30 May 1893), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1932), 10

"DEATH OF SIGNOR DE ALBA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1932), 16

An operatic basso, who made a great reputation in his day, and was for many years a teacher of singing in Sydney, Signor Tomasso de Alba, died early yesterday morning at the St. Lawrence Hospital, Chatswood, after a long illness. Signor de Alba came to Sydney about 45 years ago as one of the principals of an Italian opera company, organised by Martin Simonsen, and won great success as Mephistopheles and in other roles.

Bibliography and resources:

Alison Gyger, Opera for the antipodes (Sydney: Currency Press, Pellinor, 1990), 41, 42, 43, 45, 47, 49, 336

DEAMONT, William (William DEAMONT)

Blind violinist

Died near Tamworth, NSW, 1863 (shareable link to this entry)


"DEATH FROM SUNSTROKE", Empire (9 December 1863), 8

In reference to a paragraph in a recent issue under this head our Breeza correspondent corrects some misstatements contained therein. The young man's name whose death was there recorded was William Deamont, a native of the colony, and not an Italian as mentioned by us. He was blind, but his excellent playing on the violin obtained a living not only for himself and a younger brother, but also for his aged mother. He was "one of nature's noblemen," we are informed, and those who knew him remember with great regret his untimely fate. - Tamworth Examiner, December 5.

Family of John Philip Deane

See main entry

DEANE, John Philip (1796-1849) = John Philip DEANE

DEANE, Rosalie (SMITH) (1799-1873) = Rosalie Smith DEANE (wife)


DEANE, Alfred (1834-1849) = Alfred DEANE (son)

DEANE, Charles Muzio (1832-1915) = Charles Muzio DEANE (son)

DEANE, Edward Smith (1824-1879) = Edward Smith DEANE (son)

DEANE, Henry (1836-1922) = Henry DEANE (son)

DEANE, Isabella (1830-1876) = Isabella DEANE (daughter)

DEANE, John (1820-1893) = John DEANE (son)

DEANE, Rosalie (1821-1888) = Rosalie DEANE (daughter)

DEANE, Thomas (1828-1828) (son)

DEANE, William (1826-1910) = William DEANE (son)

DEAS THOMSON, Anna Maria (Mrs. Deas THOMSON; Lady Deas THOMSON)

See Anna Maria Deas THOMSON

DEBNEY, Ellen (Ellen Elizabeth TURNER; Mrs. G. R. DEBNEY)

See "ELLIE" (pen-name)


Professor of music, pianist, teacher, composer

Born Tarrengower, VIC, 28 April 1858; son of Francisco de CAIROS-REGO (c. 1830-1873) and Mary Ann FOSTER
Married Lilian Ada MOREY, Levuka, Fiji, 25 September 1882
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1886
Died North Ryde, NSW, 4 June 1946 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (to 1900):

Born and raised in Victoria, and having spent time in Fiji, George de Cairos-Rego settled in Sydney in the late 1880s, and became one of the city's best-known professional musicians in the last decades of the nineteenth century. Also a journalist, he was music critic of the Sydney Daily Telegraph, and also briefly editor of The Australasian art review (1899-1900).

Also musically active later were his daughter Iris De Cairos-Rego (1894-1987) and son Rex De Cairos-Rego.


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1854), 2

MR. FRANCISCO DE CAIROS REGO, of Maderia, will receive news from his father by calling on the undersigned, or giving to them his address. J. B. Were, Kent, and Co.

"FUNERAL NOTICE", The Ballarat Courier (3 June 1873), 3

The Friends of the late Mr. FRANCISCO DE CAIROS REGO are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the Ballarat New Cemetery. The funeral procession to move from his late residence, No. 16 Skipton street, on Wednesday, 4th June, at a Quarter to One o'clock precisely.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1888), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1890), 3

"DEATH OF MR. G. DE CAIROS-REGO", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1946), 5

Musical works (to 1900):

Dreaming (romance for the pianoforte by Geo. de Cairos Rego) (1890)

Impromptu in F (for the pianoforte by G. de Cairos Rego) (1892)

Old folks at home (fantasia ; G. de Cairos-Rego) (1896)

Melba waltz (Melba Valse, G. de Cairos Rego) (1898)

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme Skinner, "De Cairos-Rego, George", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

Graeme Skinner, "De Cairos-Rego, Iris", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

DE CHANEET, George August Christian Savin (Herr DE CHANEET; CHANÉET)

Professor of music, pianist, teacher, composer

Born Hamburg, Germany, c. 1861/62 (? 1855)
Arrived Melbourne, 22 April 1884 (naturalised 1899)
Died Melbourne, 2 May 1926 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

DE CHANEET, Martha Matilda (Miss ORAMS; Madame DE CHANEET)

Pianist, organist, teacher of music

Born ? VIC, c.1860s; daughter of Josiah ORAMS
Died Sourabaya, Java, 17 October 1930 (shareable link to this entry)


"News in brief", Footscray Independent (7 June 1884), 2

"HERR DE CHANEET'S PUPIL CONCERT", North Melbourne Advertiser (9 October 1885), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (14 September 1887), 1

"Marriages", The Argus (6 January 1888), 1

[News], The Argus (27 February 1888), 6

"CONCERT", North Melbourne Advertiser (24 March 1888), 2

"HERR DE CHANEET'S CONCERT", The Argus (10 September 1891), 7


"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (2 May 1927), 1

DE COURCY, Frances (Frances CORMICK; Mrs. Henry DE COURCY; Mrs. Frances DE COURCY)

Teacher of music

Born Dublin, Ireland, c. 1823; daughter of Thomas and Bridget CORMICK
Married Henry DE COURCY (d. ? 1858), St. Paul's church, Dublin, 30 July 1842
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 26 February 1852 (passenger per Athenian, from London, via the Cape of Good Hope, 11 January, with "family")
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1857 (per Three Bells, from Calcutta)
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 9 August 1860, in her 38th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Frances Cormick, daughter of Thomas and Bridget Cormick, married Henry De Courcy at St. Paul's, Dublin, on 30 July 1842.

Henry apparently not with her, Francis and her five children, Frances Bridget (1844-1925), James Henry (1845-1919), Josephine (d. 1891), Daniel (d. 1914), Thomas (d. 1916), arrived in Melbourne, as immigrants on the Athenian, on 25 February 1852.

She advertised as a teacher of music in Melbourne in September, October, and November 1852

From what little can be pieced together of her movements, she appears to have followed her husband to Calcutta, India, perhaps as early as 1853.

A Mr. and Mrs. De Courcy, perhaps Henry and Frances, and 2 children, returned to Melbourne, on the Three Bells, in February 1857.

Frances next relocated to Parramatta, NSW, where she continued to teach "music, singing, and dancing", until she was severely injured in a railway accident in July 1858.

Only a month earlier, in June 1858, Henry, who had apparently returned to India, and who may have been suffering from "unsoundness of mind", was reported to have died in Calcutta.

Following the accident, Francis petitioned the NSW parliament for financial support, but died from complications from her injuries in Sydney on 9 August 1860.

Her son James Henry De Courcy (baptised James Michael) was later a well-known Sydney printer and managing director of the Catholic newspaper, Freeman's journal.


Register of marriages, St. Paul's (RC), Dublin, 1837-48; National Library of Ireland (PAYWALL)

745 / Henry De Courcy / Frances Cormick / 30th [July] . . .

Baptisms, Westland Row (RC), register, 1832-48; National Library of Ireland (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

1845, December / 1 / James Michael, son of Henry & Fra's Maria, [witness] Thos. Cormick & Marg't Fuller

"To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1852), 2 

. . . List of Passengers per ATHENIAN . . . Frances De Courcy and family . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1852), 5 

MRS. DE COURCY takes leave to inform her friends and the public that she is prepared to give lessons in music, either at her residence, 83, Stephen-street, or at the homes of the pupils.

? LIST of the PASSENGERS who have arrived at the Port of Melbourne on the 7th day of Feb'y 1857 from Calcutta, Nov'r 28th on board the Five Bells; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Mr. & Mrs. De Courcy & 2 Children / 34 / 27 / 7 / 4

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED (HOBSON'S BAY)", The Argus (9 February 1857), 4 

February 7. - Three Bells, ship, 602 tons, D. McCullum, from Calcutta 4th December. Passengers - cabin: Mr. and Mrs. De Courcy and family, Mr. and Miss McIntosh, Miss Crawford. Graham, Sands, and Co., agents.

"FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE GREAT SOUTHERN RAILWAY", Freeman's Journal (14 July 1858), 2 

On, Saturday morning, the train left Parramatta at 8.47, and after running to Haslam's Creek (about two miles and a half from Homebush), the horse-boxes and some of the carriages ran off the line . . . The bodies of the dead, and some of the wounded, were conveyed to Parramatta, where they were placed under the care of Dr. Gwynne, and others were taken to Sydney. The following are their names, and the nature of the injuries they sustained - . . . Mrs. Frances De Courcy, a severe injury in one eye, and left wrist broken . . .

"INDIA (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Calcutta, June 8", The Argus (5 August 1858), 3 

. . . A donation and subscription has been forwarded from several of the Calcutta lodges to Mrs. De Courcey, the widow of a very worthy brother of that name, who was well known to all the Calcutta lodges, a short time ago. He emigrated to Calcutta, and died there, leaving his widow and several young children wholly dependent upon the charity of strangers. It is to be hoped that the Brethren of Australia will take the recommendation of Brother De Courcey's worth, and extend their sympathising aid to his widow, if she requires it . . .

"CASE OF A FREEMASON. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (7 August 1858), 6 

Sir, - In this day's Argus there is a letter from your correspondent in Calcutta, which letter refers to a Mr. De Courcey, who some few months since died here. The said letter states "that he emigrated to Calcutta, and died there, leaving his widow and several young children wholly dependent upon the charity of strangers." The letter goes on to say, "that It is to be hoped that the (Masonic) brethren will take the recommendation of brother De Courcey's worth, and extend their sympathising aid to his widow, if she requires it." The facts are these, that Mr. De Courcey (a gentleman by birth and education), some years resident in Calcutta, immigrated here last year from Calcutta with his wife and family, being related to one of the leading merchants in this city, and for a short time held a situation in the Bank of New South Wales. He was taken ill and died. The Masonic brethren of Melbourne will, I am sure, respond to any call made upon them here, without being reminded of their time-hallowed duties by their Calcutta brethren. The lodges of Melbourne know their duty, and are not only able, but willing, to perform it in the most liberal manner under any such circumstances. , I am, Sir, vour most obedient servant, J. A. JOYCE. Melbourne, August 5.

"CASE OF A FREEMASON. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (9 August 1858), 5 

Sir, - In your issue this morning a letter appears from a Mr. Joyce, stating the case of the widow of a Mr. De Courcy, to the effect that he was sure the Freemasons of Victoria would willingly assist the widow. Had Mr. Joyce taken the trouble to inquire into the matter he would have found that the Masonic body here had already subscribed very liberally towards the assistance of Mrs. De Courcy, as I have paid to Mrs. De Courcy £50, being donations from lodges and brethren in Melbourne . . . In justice to myself, I feel called upon to make this matter public. I am, Sir, yours truly. ROBT. LEVICK, P.M. Melbourne, August 7.


The Select Committee of the Legislative Assembly, appointed on the 18th October, 1859, "to inquire into and report upon the allegations contained in the petition of Mrs. De Courcy," have agreed to the following report:

The case set up by the petitioner may be thus shortly stated. In July, 1858, and for some time prior to that date, Mrs. De Courcy resided in Paramatta, where she taught music, singing, and dancing. She had also some pupils in Sydney, and was in the habit of travelling up and down between the two places. From these sources, and a school kept by her daughter, she was in the receipt of an income of about £160 per annum. On the 10th July, 1858, when the accident occurred on the Parramatta line of railway, Mrs. De Courcy was one of the passengers, and received severe injuries which confined her to her bed for some ten or twelve weeks; she was, consequently, unable to follow her profession, and is now in a state of comparative destitution . . .

"COLONIAL PARLIAMENT. NEW SOUTH WALES . . . MRS. FRANCES DE COURCY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1860), 6 

Mr. HART moved, "That this House will on Tuesday, the 8th instant, resolve itself into a committee of the whole to consider of an address to the Governor-General, praying that his Excellency will be pleased to cause to be placed upon the Supplementary Estimates for the service of the year 1860, a sum of money not exceeding £100, as compensation to Mrs. Frances Da Courcy for injuries sustained by her on the Parramatta line of railway . . . Mrs. De Courcy, as was shown by the report of enquiry into the accident, had received very serious injuries. Her wrist was dislocated, and she was deprived of the use of her hand. Her face was injured, and permanently disfigured, and paralysis had set in. He thought the case was one deserving the sympathy of the Government.
Mr. HOSKINS seconded the motion.
Mr. WINDEYER said ha regretted the committee had not recommended a larger sum, when the enormous amount of £7500 had been given to Mrs. Want. Mrs. De Courcy had received injuries not only bodily, but also mentally, which made the blood run cold; and at the time of the accident she was in the receipt of from £150 to £200 per year. She had a family of five children, and also contributed towards the maintenance of her husband who was suffering from unsoundness of mind. He thought the sum was too small . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1860), 1 

On the 9th instant, at her late residence, 182, Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo, Mrs. Frances De Courcy, in the 38th year of her age, leaving a young family to deplore their loss.

DE COURCY, David (stage name of David De Courcy LAWSON)

Vocalist, pianist, musician

Born Manchester, England, 6 August 1821; baptised Unitarian church, Manchester, 26 October 1821, son of Thomas LAWSON and Sophia Sarah CLARKE
Married Elizabeth BEASY, St. Martin in the fields, London, 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 5 December 1852 (per Atrevida, from London, 10 September)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853; Ballarat, VIC, 1857-65
Died Brighton, VIC, 3 January 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Regents Park, St. Pancras, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO/107/1493 (PAYWALL)

33 Harrington Street South / David Lawson / Head / 29 / Commercial Traveller / [born] Manchester
Elizabeth [Lawson] / Wife / 25 / Norfolk / Aylesham
Sophia [Lawson] / Daughter / 2 // Thomas [Lawson] / Son / 7 mths . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1853), 5 

PRINCIPAL PERFORMERS:- Mr. JOHN GREGG, Mr. DE COURCY, From the Lyceum Theatre, London, Mr. MOSELY.
PIANIST - Mr. SALAMON. ADMISSION - ONE SHILLING. Chops, Steaks, Kidneys, &c., until half-past Ten o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Wilkie (proprietor); John Gregg (vocalist); Edward Salaman (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1853), 3 

C. WILKIE'S CYDER CELLARS, Royal Hotel, Great Collins-street.
MR. DE COURCY begs to inform his Friends and the Public that his
FIRST BENEFIT CONCERT Will take place On MONDAY EVENING, April 18th, 1853,
By the kind permission of Mr. Wilkie, the following Artistes will appear: -
Mr. John Gregg, basso; Mr. C. Walsh, tenor: Mr. Mosely, tenor, Mr. Morgan, basso; Mr. De Courcy, tenor; Mr. Dawson, comic; Mr. Labern, comic; Mr. Wilkie, concertinist; Mr. Chapman, cornopean; and Mr. Salamon, pianist.
Song - My Ancestors were Englishmen, Mr. De Courcy
" The Maids of Merry England, Mr. De Courcy
" The Spell, or Woman's Love, Mr. De Courcy
" Hurrah! for the Road, Mr. De Courcy
Glee - The Red Cross Knight, 4 voices
" Mynheer Van Dunck, 3 "
" Lady of Beauty, 3 "
" Cigars and Cognac 8 " . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 May 1853), 12 

TEMPERANCE HALL, Russell-street (A few doors from Great Bourke-street.)
MESSRS. DE COURCY & SALOMON beg respectfully to inform their Friends and the Public that their
FIRST CHAMBER CONCERT Will take place at the above Hall, on Saturday, May 14th.
The following Artists will appear: Miss Lewis; Mr. De Courcy, from the Theatre Royal, Lyceum;
Mr. Mosely, the admired Ballad Singer; and Mr. Lavique, Basso.
Pianist and Musical Conductor - Mr. Edward Salomon.
First Part.
Solo and Chorus - The Gipsy's Tent. Miss Lewis, Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - T. Cooke
Ballad - Norah McShane. Mr. Mosely - Crouch
Song (Serio Comic) - Johnny Sands. Mr. De Courcy - John Parry
Air - Let us be happy. Miss Lewis - Donizetti
Solo - Instrumental.
Trio - The Wreath, Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - Mazzinghi
Song - Farewell to the Mountain. M. Lavique - Barnet
An Interval of Ten Minutes.
Second Part.
Song - The Maids of Merry England - Mr. De Courcy - Perren
Song - Lost! Stolen! or Strayed. Miss Lewis - Tully
Trio - The Indian Drum. Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, and Mr. Mosely - Bishop
Song (Serio Comic) - Katty Avourneen. Mr. Mosely - Crouch
Duet - The Master and Scholar. Miss Lewis and Mr. De Courcy - Barnet
Song - Madoline - Mr. Lavique - Nelson.
Finale - Laughing Trio. Messrs. De Courcy, Mosely, and Lavique - Martini
Tickets 2s. 6d.; Reserved Seats 4s. . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1853), 12 

TEMPERANCE HALL . . . MESSRS. DE COURCY and SALOMON beg to inform their friends and the public, that their
Second Chamber Concert will take place at the above Hall on Wednesday next, May 18th, 1853.
The following artistes will appear: Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely, and Mr. Lavique.
Pianist and Musical Director - Mr. Salomon.
Tickets 2s.; Reserved Seats 3s. To be had at Mr. Joseph Wilkie's, Music Saloon, and at Mr. J. Hetherington's, Stationer, No. 5 A, Collins-street, east.
Overture - Bohemian Girl - Balfe.
Chorus - The Gipsy's Tent, - Miss Lewis, Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely and Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Ballad - Look always on the Sunny Side - Mr. Mosely - Hime.
Song, serio comic - Johnny Sands - Mr. De Courcy - John Parry.
Air - Constance - Miss Lewis - Lindley.
Trio - The Wreath - Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Mosely and Mr. Lavique.
Song - Farewell to the Mountain, Mr. Lavique - Barnet.
Song - Woman Rules you Still - Miss Lewis - Loder.
Song - Ben Bolt - Mr. Mosely - Christy.
Duet - Master and Scholar - Miss Lewis and Mr. De Courcy - Barnet.
An interval of ten minutes.
Song - The Slave - Mr. De Courcy - Glover.
Trio - The Indian Drum - Miss Lewis, Mr. Mosely, and Mr. De Courcy.
Song - Madoline - Mr. Lavique - Nelson.
Song - Lost! Stolen! or Strayed! Miss Lewis - Tully.
Song - Land ho! - Mr. De Courcy - Russell.
Song, serio comic - Katty Avourneen - Mr. Mosely - Crouch.
Air - Let us be Happy - Miss Lewis - Donizetti.
Song - The Heart Bowed Down - Mr. Lavique - Balfe.
Finale - The Laughing Trio - Mr. Mosely, Mr. De Courcy and Mr. Lavique - Martini . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (17 October 1853), 5 

MONDAY NEXT, OCT. 17TH. Miss Martin, from the Melbourne Concerts (her first appearance here.)
Mrs. Hancock, Mr. De Courcy, Mr. Meakin, Mr. E. Hancock.
Flute - Mr. Creed Royal. Pianist - Mr. Royal . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. and Mrs. Edward Hancock (vocalists); Creed Royal (flute)

"CRESWICK", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (6 June 1857), 2

To-morrow evening (Saturday) Mr. Troy Knight will take his benefit at Anthony's Concert Rooms. This singer, since his arrival at Creswick, has contributed largely to our pleasure, and amusements, and is a great favorite . . . Mr. Knight will be assisted by Messrs. Allen, Melville, De Courcy, and Wilson.

ASSOCIATIONS: Troy Knight (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Star (27 July 1857), 1

THE PROPRIETOR of the above favorite place of amusement, anxious to please his evening visitors, begs to announce that he has secured the services of that inimitable comedian and vocalist, Mr. D. Golding, who will introduce his budget of local and Irish eccentricities every evening.
M. De Courcy, the unrivalled baritone, from Exeter Hall, is also engaged.
Admission, free, Pianist, Mr. J. Magrath.

[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL. SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL . . . Miss Castine, Soprano. Mr. C. Smith, Tenor. Mr. De Courcy, Baritone. Mr. J. R. Trevor, Pianist and Conductor.

"SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL", The Star (29 November 1858), 2

We have no alteration in the programme at this pleasant little room to speak of; and in fact there is but little occasion for such. The company - Miss Spiden, and Messrs. Morgan, Smith and De Courcy - are exceedingly well suited to each other, and in Locke's Macbeth music, some fine old English glees and well chosen ballads, they are severally and collectively very successful in both drawing and pleasing, tolerably full houses.

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (probably mostly by Richard Leveridge)

"EASTERN POLICE COURT. Thursday, May 26th . . . STABBING AND ATTEMPT TO ROB", The Star (28 May 1859), 2

John Welton was charged (on remand) with stabbing and wounding one David De Courcy, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm . . . Mr. De Courcy deposed that on Tuesday week last he left the Duchess of Kent Hotel in company with Madame Onn, at about half-past twelve at night. They had proceeded as far as the Hermit's Cave Hotel, when prisoner, who appeared to be slightly in liquor, met them and put his arm round both . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Constantia Onn

"SACRED CONCERT AT THE CHARLIE NAPIER.", The Star (1 April 1861), 2-3 

Whether it was the novelty of the thing, or the low charge for admission, or both combined, we cannot say, but there was a really crowded house in the Charlie Napier Concert Hall on Friday night, to listen to selections from various oratorios . . . The recitative by Mr. De Courcy, "In Splendour Bright," was given in a distinct melodious voice, full, and impressive. In the chorus "The Heavens are Telling," the weakness of the choir was evident, nevertheless, under the circumstances, it was tolerably well rendered. "With Verdure Clad" was sang by Madame Carandini with much effect . . . The recitative, "In Native Worth," by Mr. Sherwin, was one of his best efforts . . . Miss Lizzy Royal gave full effect to "I know that my Redeemer liveth" . . . The trio, "On Thee each living soul awaits," [3] was very effectively rendered by Madame Carandini and Messrs. Sherwin and De Courcy . . . The Hallelujah chorus by the whole company was very creditably rendered . . . The instrumental part of the performance was under the conductorship of Mr. Owen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (soprano vocalist); Walter Sherwin (tenor vocalist); Robert Owen (conductor)

"EASTERN POLICE COURT. ", The Star (7 January 1862), 1 supplement 

De Courcy v. Bourke, £20, damaged for an assault; the plaintiff, a musician, had been engaged at the Great Britain Hotel as a pianist. Bourke (who has been sentenced to three months' imprisonment) attacked him violently . . .

? "New Insolvents", Melbourne Punch (8 August 1867), 6 

ERNEST HAMILTON HOWARD DE COURCEY, ballad singer and horse-holder. Causes of insolvency - Inability to paddle his own canoe, and a bad habit, contracted during his residence in the colony, of frequenting public houses. Liabilities, £5 6s. 7d.; assets, 12 "Belle Brandon," 10 "No one to Love," 8 "The Moon Behind the Hill," and 24 "Oh, Blame me not for Weeping, I have no money now," Song Books; also, a cracked soprano voice. Mr. STURT, City Police Court, official assignee.

"POLICE", The Ballarat Star (16 April 1868), 3 

Police v. David de Courcey Lawson, for neglecting to give support to his son Robert Lawson, at present in the Reformatory. The defendant stated that there never had been any order made against him for the support of the lad; he (the defendant) had striven to get the boy discharged, but was unable to procure his release . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 January 1899), 1 

LAWSON. - On the 3rd January, at his son-in-law's residence, Cochrane-street, Brighton, David De Courcy Lawson, aged 77 years. No flowers, by request.

Bibliography and references:

"David De Courcy Lawson", family histories 

DECTROW, Charles (Charles DECTROW)


Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865-66 (shareable link to this entry)


Ballarat and Ballarat district directory (1865), 125

Dectrow, Charles, pianist, Melbourne road

The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 319

Dectrow, Chas., pianist, Melbourne road

DEERING, Henry William (Henry William SHINTON; stage name Henry DEERING; Mr. DEERING)

Actor, vocalist

Born London, England, 14 April 1816; baptised St. Giles in the fields, 14 June 1824 [sic], son of Thomas SHINTON (deceased) and Phoebe Jemima HODGES (d. Geelong, VIC, 1858)
Married Eliza MOSSENTON, St. Pancras chapel, London, 8 June 1841
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 January 1843 (per Posthumous, from London and Gravesend, 6 August 1842, via Melbourne)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 23 April 1856, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier- DAAO) (NLA persistent identifier - AusStage) (shareable link to this entry)

DEERING, Eliza Rosa (Eliza MOSSENTON; Eliza Rosa; Rosa; Mrs. Henry DEERING; Mrs. Henry CHAPMAN)

Actor, dancer, vocalist

Born England, 1818; baptised Great Marlow, Buckingham, 28 November 1818, daughter of Robert MOSSENTON (1785-1825) and Hester TOWNSEND (c. 1786-1849)
Married (1) Henry SHINTON, St. Pancras chapel, London, 8 June 1841
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 January 1843 (per Posthumous, from London and Gravesend, 6 August 1842, via Melbourne)
Married (2) Henry CHAPMAN, VIC, 1856
Died Carlton, VIC, 4 June 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



Born Sydney, NSW, 19 October 1843; son of Henry DEERING and Rosa
Died Sydney, NSW, 1906

DEERING, Wardock Shinton ("Waddy" DEERING; Ellen Rose DEERING; Mrs. William Bain GILL)


Born Adelaide, SA, 3 April 1848
Died USA, 25 February 1919


Born Henry Shinton, he took Deering as his professional name, said to be a family name on his mother's side.

He was active at the Queen's Theatre, London, around 1840, appearing, for instance, as Matthew Lainé in Jane of the hatchet in July 1840, as Sandy Micklewee in The wager; or, The school-girl, and as Ackrasseen in Petticoat service; or, Freaks at Aboukir Bay. He was perhaps the Mr. Deering Montague, described as one of the principal comedians of the company in 1837, and the Miss E. Montague in the company in 1840 his future wife.

He married Eliza Rosa Mossenton in June 1841.

In August 1842, they sailed for Australia with Joseph Wyatt, who had hired Henry to join his company at the Royal Victoria Theatre, and who was returning to Sydney with the second final batch of his new recruits. Joining Wyatt and the Deerings on the Posthumous were John Gordon Griffiths and Thomas Mereton and their families.

Deering made his colonial debut on arrival in January 1843. During his first year with the company, he was frequently billed as singing a "new", "favorite" or "comic" song between the pieces. Unfortunately, only one of these songs was identified in advance, One suit between two, sung at the end of his very first week. However, his musical efforts don't seem to have excited much press comment then or later, and from the beginning of 1844 onwards, and for the rest of his career, songs from him are only occasionally billed.

He almost certainly also regularly contributed songs within pieces, though many of these would have been unnoticed or unlisted. Two exceptions were the song "Wellington", which he sang in the 1844 revival of Charles Nagel's The mock Catalani, and Killian's "Mine the prize and mine the glory", in the opening scene of Weber's Der Freischutz in 1845.

In February 1846, the Deerings sailed to Adelaide, where Henry was proprietor of the Royal Adelaide Theatre, and later in partnership with George Coppin.

He later managed theatres in Hobart, Geelong, Melbourne, and Ballarat.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Giles in the fields, in the county of Middlesex; in the year 1824; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 3596 / June 14 / Henry William / [son of] Thomas (deceased) & Jemina / Shinton / [born] 14 April 1816 / 22 Plumtree Street, St. George, Bloomsbury / Father late a Glover . . .

1841, marriage solemnized by Banns in the parish of St. Pancras in the county of Middlesex; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 158 / June 6 / Henry Shinton / full age / Bachelor / - / John. St. / [Father] Thos. Shinton / Dead
Eliza Mossenton / full age / Spinster / - / [John. St.] / [Father] Robt. Mossenton / Dead . . .

[News], The Era [London, England] (14 August 1842), 6

On Thursday evening last, Deering, the comedian, took a farewell benefit at the Queen's Theatre, previously to his departure, on a theatrical engagement, to Sydney. The performances were well selected, and his friends mustered strongly in his support. The beneficiaire appeared in Leubin Greenfield, in the late Mr. Ing's piece of "Love's Frailties," and acquitted himself much to the satisfaction of the audience.

"CLEARED OUT AT PORT PHILLIP FOR SYDNEY, DECEMBER 20", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1842), 2

December 20. - Posthumous, ship, 390 tons, Milner, master. Passengers . . . Messrs. Wyatt . . . Mrs. Griffiths and six children, Mrs. Mereton and four children, Mrs. Iredale, Mr. Deering . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (2 January 1843), 2

From Port Phillip, the same day [yesterday], having left the 25th ultimo, the barque Posthumous, 390 tons, Captain Milner, with part of her original cargo. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt, and servant . . . Intermediate - Mr. and Mrs. Griffiths, and two children; Mr. and Mrs. Merton, and four children; Mr. and Mrs. Deering, and child; Mr. and Mrs. Iredale, and fourteen in the steerage.

"THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (14 January 1843), 2

A very interesting little drama, entitled Love's Frailties, was produced at the Victoria Theatre on Thursday evening, in which Mr. Deering, one of the new performers who came out with Mr. Wyatt, made his first bow before an Australian audience in the character of Lubin . . . he played the part assigned to him on Thursday in a manner which raises somewhat highly our expectations of his dramatic career. After the conclusion of the piece, he was called for by the audience, and loudly applauded.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1843), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR. SIMES, Monday, Jan. 30, 1843 . . . Comic Song, by Mr. Deering, "One Suit between Two" . . .

"POLICE COURT BUSINESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1843), 2

. . . Henry Deering, Andrew Torning, and Thomas Mereton, each bound in open Court to keep the peace for twelve months in £50 . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1844), 2 

JUVENILE NIGHT. Children under twelve years of age admitted to the Dress Circle at Half Price. To-Morrow, THURSDAY, January 11, 1844, will be presented . . . the Burlesque Tragic Opera, entitled BOMBASTES FURIOSO; General Bombastes, Master S. Lazar (only six years old), with a Medley Song, a Duett with Mr. Deering, and the Original Finale . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (30 August 1845), 3 

The event, not only of the week, but of the season, has been the production of the popular, and beautifully dramatic Opera, "Der Freischutz." . . . "Mine the prize," or more familiarly known as the song and laughing chorus, was very abortive. Mr. Deering did not sing the notes oi this piece - Weber's melody was, virtually, substituted by something improvisational in its character; the chorus was altogether very unsatisfactory . . .

"ADELAIDE SHIPPING. Arrived", Adelaide Observer (21 February 1846), 6 

Sunday, February 15th - The brig Emma, 121 tons, Fox, master, from Sydney. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Deering and three children . . .

"ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE", South Australian (31 July 1846), 3

We visited the only public place of amusement in the town, last evening, and were much pleased withe the entertainments . . . and we congratulate Mr. Deering, the proprietor, on his success . . . Mrs. Deering . . . is deservedly becoming a great favorite with the play-going public of South Australia.

[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (12 September 1846), 1 

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE, BY special desire, renewal of the "Misletoe Bough," re-appearance of the real donkey . . .
Saturday, September 12th . . . Comic duet by Mr. and Mrs. Deering.
On Monday, September 14th, "The Misletoe Bough; or, Young Lovell's Bride" . . . The Donkey's Trial, by Mr. Dyball.
Stage Manager, Mr. Deering.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 September 1846), 1

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE. On Thursday, October 1st, for the benefit of Mrs. Deering . . .
Comic duet, first time here, by Messrs. Deering and Howard . . .
The Cracovienne will be danced by Mrs. Deering . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (5 January 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING, and TUESDAY, 5th and 6th January, 1852 . . . the successful Pantomime of
The Music, arranged by Mr. Pyecroft. The whole written and adapted by and produced under THE SOLE SUPERINTENDENCE OF MR. DEERING, author of "Harlequin Jack Sprat," produced at the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney; "Harlequin and the Red Gnome of the Ruby Mines," (the original Geelong Pantomime), "Harlequin Jack and the Bean Stalk," produced at the Launceston and Hobart Town Theatres; "The Revolt of the Harem;" "Grace Darling;" "The Opium Eater;" "Paddy's Prescription," &c., &c.
The Pantomime founded upon the well known Nursery Rhyme
"Lady Bird, Lady Bird, fly away home,
Your house is on fire, and your Children's at home,
And they are all burnt but one" . . .

"DEATH of MR. DEERING", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 April 1856), 3 

This old and respected townsman died at Ballarat, on Monday last. The following notice is from the Ballarat Star: -

MR. DEERING. - Early on Monday morning, Mr. Deering, who has been for some time indisposed, expired at the Royal Mail Hotel, to the great grief of a bereaved wife and a circle of friends, by whom he was much respected. Mr. Deering was formerly manager of the Queen's Theatre, Totteham Court Road, London, and on his leaving that establishment for the colonies, the artistes engaged at it presented him with a testimonial of their regard for the manner in which he had behaved towards them. In Geelong, Mr. Deering became the proprietor of the Theatre in that town, and whilst in that position acquired considerable property. He was made an alderman for Barwon Ward, and in that capacity discharged the duties of this office with much zeal and ability. As an actor, in certain characters, the deceased gentleman was most happy, and in every part he undertook he always showed an average amount of talent. Fortune which to-day depresses the man that she elevated yesterday, did not deign always to smile upon Mr. Deering, for during the time that he was manager of the Geelong Theatre, in the year 1855, he lost nearly all that he had made, and was eventually compelled to return to the boards. After leaving Geelong, he for a short time had the Queen's Theatre in Melbourne, which he opened at low prices, but this speculation did not succeed. He then came to Ballarat. It is a circumstance worthy of remark, as shewing the estimation in which this gentleman was held by a large portion of the Geelong community, that he was proposed as member for the County of Grant, and although defeated by Mr. Wills, a great number of the constituency recorded their votes in his favour. - Ballarat Star.

"FOR THE BENEFIT OF MRS. DEERING", Geelong Advertiser (26 April 1856), 2

. . . HENRY DEERING was our townsman, and a worthy one. His life was full of vicissitude. At one period he had amassed a handsome competency as manager of the Geelong Theatre. As with many others, misfortunes overtook him, and the prosperous tide which carried him into the haven, run counter, and left a fortune wrecked on the shoals of speculation. Returned a member of the Geelong Municipal Council, he attained an Aldermanship, and during his career in the corporation, discharged the duties that devolved upon him to the satisfaction of his constituency. His attempt to establish a museum in conjunction with a hotel failed, and after contesting the election for the County of Grant with Mr. Wills, who defeated him, Mr. Deering went to Melbourne, and was installed manager of the Queens Theatre. This speculation failed, and since that period to the time of his decease he was a resident at Ballarat, where he pursued his professional duties, "Peace to his manes" . . . for he did much good, and when he erred, it was on the pardonable side of humanity . . .

"GEELONG", The Argus (26 April 1856), 5

Mr. Simmons and Mr. Coppin, on hearing of the death of Mr. Henry Deering, whose widow and family are now left in a very helpless state, kindly exerted themselves, in concert with others, to get up a benefit for their relief. This is appointed to take place on Saturday evening, when I hope the charitably disposed will come forward and second the efforts of those who have initiated so benevolent a proceeding.

"The Late Alderman Deering", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (2 May 1856), 3 

We have much regret in announcing the death of Mr. Deering, late Alderman of the Barwon Ward, which melancholy event occurred at the Royal Mail Hotel, Ballarat, on Monday, 21st instant, after a short illness. Mr. Deering was formerly connected With the Queen's Theatre, Tottenham Court Hoad, London, and after his arrival in these colonies became proprietor and manager of the Geelong Theatre, and realised considerable property in this town. Mr. Deering was latterly proprietor of the Royal Museum Hotel, in Parkington-street, and collected a great many curiosities, these were exhibited to the public at a trifling charge. This speculation was not successful, and Mr. Deering, like many others, lost nearly all his property. Mr. Deering then removed to Melbourne, where he opened the Queen's Theatre at low prices, this also proved unsuccessful, and he then removed to Ballarat, where he was engaged at the Victoria Theatre until his death. We regret to learn that Mr. Deering has left a widow and five children quite unprovided for. We have much pleasure in announcing that our worthy Manager, with the assistance of Mr. Coppin, purposes to give a benefit to-night on behalf of Mr. Deering's widow and children, and we feel persuaded that the inhabitants of Geelong will, with one accord, respond to and support Mr. Simmonds in his praiseworthy exertions on behalf of the unfortunate widow and orphans. - Geelong Observer.

[Unidentified newspaper article] (4 June 1880)

We have to record the death of Mrs. H. Chapman, which took place yesterday morning, at her residence. Mrs. Chapman was connected with the theatrical profession of this colony in the very earliest days, her first appearance on the stage dating as far back as 1843. Frequenters of the theatres in the days of Barry Sullivan and Robert Heir will remember Mrs. Chapman's (then Mrs. Deering's) excellent impersonations of Helen McGregor, Mrs. Willoughby, and kindred characters. Mr. Deering (Mrs. Chapman's first husband) was one of the earliest among colonial theatrical managers, notably of Geelong and Ballarat. Mr. Chapman, who died about eight years ago, was also well known in the professional world . . . Mrs. Chapman has left six children to mourn her loss, three of whom are still members of the profession - viz., Mr. Olly Deering, Miss Lilly Chapman (of the Theatre Royal), and Mrs. W. B. Gill (of New York) . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Henry Deering", Design & Art Australia online (DAAO)

Kurt Ganzl, William B. Gill: From the goldfields to Broadway (New York and London: Routledge, 2002), 30 (PREVIEW)


Printer, lithographer, music engraver

Born Laibach (Ljubljana), Austro-Hungarian Empire (Slovenia), 26 September 1823; son of Johann and Josephine DEGOTARDI
Arrived London, England, 3 September 1851 (per Caesarea, from Hamburg)
Married Minna FRANKEL, London, England, 1852 (2nd quarter)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 May 1853 (per Panthea, from the Downs, 26 January)
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 December 1882, "in his 60th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


A list of Aliens [per] Caesarea bound from Hamburg to the Port of London . . . dated this 3rd day of Sept. 1851; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

. . . John Degotardi [?] & Wife / Printer / Austria . . .


May 8. - Panthea, 511 tons, Captain Hannant, from the Downs January 26th., Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Decotardi [sic], Messrs. Tindall, H. Bateman, K. Keightley, King, Gothemanas [sic], two Kellermans, Foulk, Hogg, and two in the intermediate. Montefiore, Graham, and Co , agents.

Certificate to naturalize . . . John Degotardi, NSW, 15 March 1856; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . that the said John Degotardi is a native of Laibach Austria, thirty two years of age, and that having arrived by the ship "Panthea" in the year 1853 he is now residing in the City of Sydney and wishing to possess landed property . . . GIVEN . . . this Fifteenth day of March [1856] . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1882), 1 

DEGOTARDI. - December 16, at St. Vincent's Hospital, after a severe attack of paralysis, John Degotardi, late of Balmain, in his 60th year.


Music punching and printing, example, from Degotardi's The art of printing (1861)

"Music punching and printing", example, from Degotardi's The art of printing (1861)

The art of printing in its various branches by J. Degotardi, with specimens and illustrations (Sydney: Published by J. Degotardi, 1861) 

[12] . . . Labels, music titles, ornamental borders, &c., can be cheaply and quickly provided, as in this art neither engraver nor draughtsman is necessary . . .

[17] . . . CALCOGRAPHY, or COPPER-PLATE ETCHING and ENGRAVING, and MUSIC-PUNCHING and PRINTING, next claim our attention . . . MUSIC-PUNCHING is executed on plates composed of pewter and lead. [18] The staves and general outlines are first drawn, and then the whole of the not-heads, signs, and lettering, each one of which is sharply cut on steel, in relief, like letter-press types, are hammered one by one into the Plate. The principle for printing both copper-plate and music is the same . . .

Music prints: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Keast Burke, "Degotardi, John (1823-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972) 

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 154-57 (DIGITISED)

"John Degotardi b. 1823", Design & Art Australia online (DAAO) 

DE GREY, Henry (Henry DE GREY)

Cornet and cornopean player (pupil of Herman Koenig), band leader, composer, publican

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by mid September 1852
Active Bendigo, by September 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1 April 1854 (per Tudor, for London)
Active Woolwich, Kent, England, from 1855 to 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Henry De Grey was reportedly newly arrived when he first appeared in the Melbourne Thursday Concerts on 16 September 1852. In October he was co-presenter, with pianist Coleman Jacobs, of a "Grand Masquerade" and fancy dress ball "A La Jullien". At later concerts he appeared with Elizabeth Testar and John Gregg.

According to an advertisement he placed in October, offering to gives lessons on the cornet, he had been a pupil of Herman Koenig (c. 1820-1908).

In September 1853 De Grey was reportedly giving musical entertainments at the Bendigo Exchange, and in December:

On Saturday night Mr. de Grey opened the Bendigo Salle Valentino, with a concert à la Jullien, and it was a very superior affair. Besides these there are singing saloons on every part of the diggings.

He was back in Melbourne, performing at James Ellis's Salle de Valentino in March 1854.

His only documented composition was the New Bendigo polka, "composed and performed by Mr. De Grey", at Lewis Lavenu's benefit Concert, at the Salle de Valentino, on 13 March 1854.

He sailed for London on 1 April.

He then settled, or perhaps returned to, Woolwich, in Kent, where, by his own later account, from mid 1854 he was landlord of the Freemason's Tavern. He appeared again as a cornet soloist in a concert in Woolwich in March 1857. He retired from business finally, due to illness, in 1894.

There is a lively possibility that he and Henri Durant were one and the same.


"CONCERT", The Argus (17 September 1852), 3 

One of the advantages accruing from the discovery of gold was shewn last night at the Concert, which was certainly the best we ever heard here. Mr. De Grey, a new arrival, played on the cornet-a-piston most superbly, quite electrifying the audience, who showed their delight by repeated encores. Mr. Jacobs also played a Fantasia on the piano, in brilliant style. We were glad again to see our old favorite, Mr. Cogdon; and we must not omit honorable mention of our principal songstress, Mrs. Testar, who, as usual, delighted her hearers in everything she sang.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (14 October 1852), 4 

The following is the programme for this evening . . .
Cornet a Piston; Solo - The Exile's Lament, by desire, Mr. De Grey . . .
Canzonet - Think of Me, Cornet Obligato, Mr. de Grey . . .
Celebrated Our Polka Cornet variations, Mr. de Grey . . .

MUSIC: The exile's lament (Roch-Albert) [Koenig's journal, no. 44]

"MUSICAL", The Argus (21 October 1852), 5 

Once more we have great pleasure in bearing our testimony to the spirit and industry of the conductor of the weekly concerts . . .
PART I . . . Solo - Cornet a Piston Air and Variations, Salute to the British, Mr. De Grey . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 October 1852), 8

MESSRS. De Grey and Coleman Jacob's Grand Masquerade and Fancy Dress Ball, on a scale never yet attempted in Melbourne, will take place on
Monday Evening next, the 25th October, At the Protestant Hall, Stephen-street.
The band will be on an extensive scale, and will include ail the available talent in town . . .
By the kind permission of Charles Young, Esq., Mr. Megson and his talented band will attend, assisted by all the available talent now in town.
Conductor - MR. DE GREY.
Lender - MR. MEGSON.
The following is the Programme.
Quadrille - Crusaders - Jullien.
Polka - Crystal - Kirkham.
Waltz - Prima Donna - Jullien.
Quadrille - Ibrahim Pacha - D'Albert.
Polka - Row - Jullien.
Waltz - Faust - D'Albert.
Schottische - Original - Jullien.
Quadrille - Lancers.
Polka - Zampa - Cottrell.
Waltz - Dewdrop - D'Albert.
Galop - Cambridge - Davis.
Quadrille - Gipsy - Glover.
Polka - Eclipse - Koenig.
Waltz - Rose de Mai - Koenig.
Quadrille - Exposition - D'Albert.
Polka - Our - Beresford.
Waltz - Star of the Night - D'Albert.
Schottische - Du Violin du Diable - Pugni.
Quadrille - Caledonians.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1852), 3 

HENRY DE GREY, Professor of the Cornet a Piston, and a pupil of Herr Koenig, begs to acquaint the Gentlemen of Melbourne and its vicinity, that gives lessons on the above fashionable instrument, also a few Cornets, and silver plated mouthpieces for sale. Address Temperance Hotel, Lonsdale-street.

"BETTER AND BETTER", The Argus (3 November 1852), 11

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 November 1852), 3

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (18 November 1852), 5 

The following is the programme for this evening. We are glad to see that the band is still to be assisted by our omni-present friends of the 40th regiment
. . . Cornet a Piston Solo - In Forest Glade, Mr. De Grey . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

MESSRS. DE GREY, C. WILKIE, AND GREGG, Beg to announce that their second CONCERT WILL take place THIS EVENING.
VOCALISTS. Miss Lewis, (From Her Majesty's Theatre, she has had the honor of singing before Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and Royal Family,) Signor Georgi, (From the Opera House, Paris,) Mr. Moseley, (From the London Concerts) and Mr. John Gregg.
Mr. Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts)
Mr. Thatcher, Flautist, do, do.
Mr. Charles Wilkie, Concertinist.
Mr. De Grey, Cornet-a-Piston . . .

"BENDIGO (FROM A CORRESPONDENT) September 5th, 1853", The Argus (12 September 1853), 5 

. . . . Some of the refreshment-tents are admirably conducted, especially the Bendigo Exchange, which would put some of the respectable city hotels to the bush; besides a large dining-room, bedrooms with 26 beds, and ample stabling, there is a concert-room, 72 feet by 30 feet, where musical entertainments are given gratuitously. Morgan, as basso, and De Grey with his cornopean, and other persons of talent, contribute to the evenings' amusement, and a French cook tempts the palates of the patrons of the Exchange . . .

"BENDIGO (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) 24th October, 1853. THE GOLD-DIGGERS' LATE BALL", The Argus (27 October 1853), 4 

As stated in my last, this affair came off on Wednesday evening, and with great eclat. De Grey's splendid band made the diggers and their friends enjoy the festive dance . . .

"BENDIGO (From our own correspondent) Sandhurst, December 12th, 1853", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (20 December 1853), 3

. . . Bendigo is at present redundant with public places of amusement. There are performances every evening at Burton's Circus, within pistol shot of the Victoria Saloon - a very tastefully got up place of musical entertainment. On Saturday night Mr. de Grey opened the Bendigo Salle Valentino, with a concert à la Jullien, and it was a very superior affair. Besides these there are singing saloons on every part of the diggings . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 March 1854), 8 

SALLE DE VALENTINO - Monster Concert. Mr. JAMES ELLIS has the honor to announce his Benefit will take place on Monday next, 6th March, on which occasion the Band will be considerable augmented, together with the following vocalists, who have kindly volunteered their services - Madame Carandini, Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. George Cox, from the Philharmonic Concerts, Mr. Lavenu, and Mr. Barlow,
Solo on the Cornet-a Piston, by Mr. de Gray . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 March 1854), 3

NEW Bendigo Polka, composed performed by Mr. De Gray, at Mr. Lavenu's Benefit Concert, at the Salle de Valentino, on Monday evening, March 13th. Promenade, 2s. 6d.; Boxes, 5s.

"CLEARED OUT", The Argus (3 April 1854), 4 

April 1. - Tudor, ship, 1064 tons, J. W. Quihampton, for London. Passengers - cabin . . . Messrs. Garside, Wadeson, De Grey, and ten in the second cabin and steerage. Lyall, Mackenzie and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], Kentish Independent [Woolwich, England] (13 December 1856), 1

GRAND DISTRIBUTION VALUABLE FOREIGN GOODS, Suitable for Christmas and New Year's Gifts. MR. HENRY DE GREY begs to inform his Friends and the Public, that having collected, during his travels abroad, a quantity of beautifully manufactured Fancy Goods, he intends disposing of portion of them as under by means of a DISTRIBUTION. The Following list of the Goods, representing in gross the sum of ONE HUNDRED and TWENTY POUNDS. [. . . list of mainly Chinese fine goods . . .] . . . The articles may be seen at Mr. H. De Grey's, Freemason's Tavern, opposite the Dockyard Railway Station, Woolwich . . .

[Advertisement], Kentish Independent (7 March 1857),

ON MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 9th, Vocal and Instrumental Concert, will take place at the above Hall.
VOCALISTS: MISS RYECROFT, MR. DAVIES, And the Woolwich Harmonic Society.
INSTRUMENTALISTS: Cornet-a-Piston (Solos) Mr. Henry De Grey; And the Philharmonic Band.

PATRICK LINAHAN, JOHN BUCKLEY. Breaking Peace: assault. 28th November 1859; Olf Bailey online 

. . . HENRY DE GREY. I am a licensed victualler and have kept the Freemason's Tavern, nearly opposite the dockyard, Woolwich, for four years and a half years . . . MARIAN DE GREY. I am the wife of the last witness . . .

[News], Kentish Independent (19 May 1894), 4

Mr. Henry De Grey, who has been proprietor for thirty years of the Freemasons' Tavern and Hotel, opposite the Woolwich Dockyard Station, has just transferred possession to Mr. Rowland Hirst, of Leytonstone. Mr. De Grey, who is much respected in Woolwich, is, we regret to say, in bad health, and it is to be hoped that rest and medical treatment at the seaside, where he is now residing, will soon accomplish his recovery.

DE GROEN, Lewis (Lewis DE GROEN; Lewis Leon DE GROEN)

Musician, conductor, band-master

Born Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1864; son of Sampson DE GROEN and Sarah ISAACS
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 April 1919, aged 54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1862), 1

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1864), 1 

"HARDSHIPS TO PROFESSIONAL BANDSMEN. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1895), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1897), 2

"GREAT AUSTRALIAN CONDUCTOR", The Register (27 April 1909), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1919), 6

"DEATH OF MR. L. DE GROEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1919), 8

Other source:

Lewis De Groen papers, 1894-1917, 1976; State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 5027 

Musical works:

Les fiancés (valse) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1897]), and later editions 

DE GRUCHY, Henry George (Henry George DE GRUCHY; H. G. DE GRUCHY)

Music lithographer, printer, publisher

Born London, 20 July 1826; baptised St. Giles, Cripplegate, 17 June 1827; son of Matthew and Hannah DE GRUCHY
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 March 1851 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from London)
Active as De Gruchy and Leigh, lithographers, 1859
Died Prahran, VIC, 16 August 1882, aged 56 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Stephen Thomas Leigh (d. 1905)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Giles, without Cripplegate, in the City of London, in the year [1827]; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 8358 / 17 [June] / Henry George / [son of] Matthew & Hannah / De Gruchy / White Cross St. / Cabinet Mkr. . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 March 1851), 2

March 29. - Pestonjee Bomanjee, barque, 750 tons, E. Pavey, Commander, from London via Adelaide 22nd instant. Passengers (cabin) . . . Messrs. H. De Gruchy . . .

"DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP", New South Wales Government Gazette (2 April 1867), 870 

NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership hitherto existing between the undersigned, as engravers, lithographers, and printers, at Melbourne and Sydney, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. The business will in future be carried on at Melbourne by H. G. De Gruchy, on his own account, and at Sydney by S. T, Leigh, on his own account, who will receive and pay all moneys due by and to the said Partnership, at their respective places. - Dated this 23rd day of March, 1867.

"DEATHS", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (19 August 1882), 4 

DE GRUCHY. - On the 16th inst., at his late residence, 55 High-street, Prahan, Henry George De Gruchy, of this city, aged 56 years; a colonist of 33 year's standing.

Music lithography (De Gruchy and Leigh, to 1867; H. G. De Gruchy, from 1867):

Giralda, Spanish dance for the piano forte by Eugene Lissignol (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Leigh Lithogrs., 1859) 

The light from the mountain. favorite ballad by an Australian Lady; the music by S. Nelson (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [1859]) 

For later titles see: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 153, also 190 (DIGITISED)

DE HAGA, John (John DE HAGA; "Juan de HAGA"; John HAIG)

Bass vocalist, professor of singing, member of Lyster's Opera Company

Born ? Ireland, c. 1827
Active London, England, by December 1851
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid May 1866 (? from California)
Died (suicide) Williamstown, VIC, 4 October 1872, age 45 / "over 50" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THEATRE ROYAL. DRURY LANE", Sun [London, England] (23 December 1851), 6

Mr. Bunn has just put forth his programme for the season . . . Mr. and Mrs. Sims Reeves, Miss P. Horton, Miss Poole, Mr. Whitworth, Mr. C. Manvers, Mr. Henri Drayton, and various other English notabilities are engaged, as are the following artistes, who are new to the boards of Drury-lane: Mr. Fedor, Mr. Rayman, Mr. De Haga, Mademoiselle Evelina Garcia, Mademoiselle Adele Alphonse, and the celebrated contralto Madame Bockholtz Falconi, and an engagement is pending with Madame Sontag. Operas by Balfe, Benedict, Barnett, Loder, and Macfarren are promised. Balfe and Schirra are the conductors, and Oury is the leader . . .

"CONCERT AND BALL", Daily Alta California (17 October 1864), 1 

Knickerbocker Ingine Company, No. 6, will celebrate their Fourteenth Anniversary by a Concert and Ball at Platt's Hall, this evening. Signora and Signor Bianchi, Mrs. Sophie Edwin and Mr. John De Haga will participate in the entertainment offered.

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (3 December 1865), 4 

MR. MACDOUGALL will be assisted by the following eminent Artistes: Vocalists.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Bishop; William Macdougall; Eugenio and Giovanna Bianchi; Charles Lascelles

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1866), 8

ANNOUNCEMENT. - Mr. LYSTER has great pleasure in announcing the arrival of the celebrated Basso MR. JOHN DE HAGA, who will shortly make his appearance.

"Entertainments", Freeman's Journal (12 May 1866), 295

. . . To night the opera of II Trovatore will be given for the last time, and on Monday Lucrezia Borgia in which Mr. John de Haga will make his first appearance in Australia as Duke Alfonso. This gentleman is said to posses a fine bass voice, and his accession to Mr. Lyster's opera troupe will prove a great acquisition . . .

"THE OPERA", Empire (15 May 1866), 4

"Lucretia Borgia" was performed again last night, in which Mr. J. de Haga made his first, and according to the advertisement, his last appearance this season. When we say we regret this, it is simply a compliment to the debutant of the evening, which he fairly earned. It was a treat to have the music of the part of Duke Alphonso restored to its natural position, and it was a still greater treat to hear it sung with a force and vigour that gave life to a part which has occasionally, of late, been tolerated only. We do not think, however, we have heard Mr. De Haga at his best, although he achieved a success that was beyond doubt, and in addition to his excellent singing, exhibited dramatic power of great ability, and certainly the opera of "Lucretia Borgia" has never been so successfully given since the time of Farquharson. The applause obtained for the magnificent trio in the second act compelled its repetition, and it was again followed by thunders of applause and shouts of "Bravo, bravo," from all parts of the house . . .

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1866), 7

. . . Lucrezia Borgia was performed on Monday night, and in it a new basso profondo Mr. John De Haga, made his first appearance in the colonies. His Il Duca was a very creditable performance, both in acting and singing, and some regret has been expressed that he had not sooner joined the troupe, as many characters suitable to his voice have lately been very indifferently performed. Mr. De Haga has a good presence, a free natural style of acting, a voice of considerable power and cultivation, and bids fair to become very popular.

"SUICIDE OF MR. DE HAGA", The Age (5 October 1872), 5 

The suicide of Mr. John De Haga was the general talk of the city last night . . . Mr. De Haga's career has been a very adventurous one, so far as could be gathered from the reminiscences in which he sometimes indulged. He is said to have been a native of Ireland, but received a musical education in Italy, but his experiences of the operatic stage were not very lengthy. The prime of his manhood was spent in America, and he was there mixed up in a good deal of bush fighting and filibustering, according to his own account. It seems that he made a fortune out of the Nevada silver mines, but lost the greater part of his money afterwards, in the same speculations. Some eight years ago be came from California to Australia, and joined the Lyster opera company, making his first appearance at Sydney, with Squires and Lucy Escott . . .

"SUICIDE OF MR. JOHN DE HAGA", The Argus (5 October 1872), 6

A great deal of astonishment and regret was caused yesterday in theatrical circles and amongst the playgoing portion of the public by the fact which became known during the afternoon that Mr. John de Haga, formerly a basso singer in some of Mr. Lyster's earlier opera troupes, had committed suicide at Williamstown. The deceased appears to have acted with great deliberation and coolness, and to have determined to leave the world because he felt he was no longer able to command success, and because he had come down so much in his professional position that he had lost self respect and fallen into a settled despondency. He had been engaged to appear at St. James's Hall, a music-hall in Bourke-Street, and he had in conversation with an old friend before accepting the engagement spoken feelingly of the "come down" from opera singing to performing for a few pounds a week at a second-class music hall. He, however, attended rehearsal two or three times, and then he seemed to become aware that he was no longer master of his voice, and, in fact, could not trust himself to attempt vocalisation in public. This, no doubt, increased his despondency, and when he found afterwards that he could not get a few pounds advanced to him, and that he was in debt, even to his landlord, he apparently made up his mind to make a final exit. He was to have made his appearance in public at St. James's Hall for the first time last night, but on Thursday evening be went down to Williamstown, and took lodgings at the Steam Packet Hotel, near the wharf. Yesterday morning he complained of being ill, lay down for a while, had a nobbler, and went out for on walk on the beach. He returned at about 1 o'clock and went to his room, after having another nobbler. In a few moments a report as of a pistol was heard in his room and it was found that the door of the chamber was bolted inside. The police having been sent for burst open the door, and found Mr. De Haga dead on the floor, sitting against a trunk, with an ordinary pistol in his hand, and a bullet wound right through his head. The bullet had entered at the right temple, gone right through the head, come out at the left temple, penetrated two inches into a stone wall, and rebounding, had fallen on the floor into a pool of blood which had flown from the wound. The deceased's face was quite placid. The skull was nearly blown off, and a piece of the stock of the pistol was blown off by the explosion. The charge must have been a very heavy one. The police took charge of the body, on which an inquest will be held.

The deceased lived for many years in America, North and South, and in California, and was a member of Walker's raid party in Nicaragua. He was connected with opera business, and had troupes, it is said, in South America and California, and came here many years ago. He used to say that he first came to Australia (Sydney) from California, with a view to investing American capital in mines, but this statement was always looked upon as dubious, as he did nothing in the way of mining, and entered into an engagement with Mr. W. S. Lyster as a basso singer in opera. He told an acquaintance that the last eight or nine years of his life had been made miserable through the effects upon his health of an accidental dose of corrosive sublimate taken by mistake for carbonate of soda. He represented that he had yet large interests in silver mines in a place called Virginia City, in the new south-west mining country of the United States, and also that he and a cousin of his, now (or lately) in Melbourne, were heirs to a very large estate in the West of England.

Some 12 months since he was interested in popularising the use of Sullivan's Disinfectant. He was then absent for some time from Melbourne, travelling under a nom de théâtre as pianist with Frank Hussey's troupe of coloured minstrels. It is believed that he owed a good deal of money. He is said to have at one time, in California, been worth many thousands of pounds.

He was a man of amiable, genial character, and had received a liberal education. After leaving England he studied in various Continental schools and he was considered to have a fair know lodge of music, and to be a good teacher. He was believed to be over 50 years of age, and to be unmarried. Some friends who had known him a long time considered that he was quite sane up to the last, and not at all affected by drink. No letter alleging a cause for suicide was found on him, the only document in his possession being a letter on business matters. A match-box, three pistol bullets, a chain, and a small key ware found in his pockets, but no valuables.

[News], The Argus (7 October 1872), 5 

Mr. Maclean, the district coroner, held an inquest on Saturday afternoon, at the Steam Packet Hotel, Williamstown, upon the body of Mr. John De Haga, who had shot himself on the previous day. In addition to the particulars already published, it was stated by the police sergeant that on Saturday morning another bullet was found near the bed in the room where the deceased had shot himself. The bullet was jagged like the other one, and had evidently been fired from the pistol. There were also found in a drawer in the bedroom a small flask of powder, a box of caps, and a small bottle, which had contained laudanum, none of which articles were owned by the landlord. Mr. Frederick Zeplin, proprietor of St. James's Music hall, Melbourne, on being sworn, said that about three weeks ago the deceased came to him and asked for employment, saying that he was badly off, and the landlord of the Globe Hotel had threatened to turn him out of the house. Witness engaged the deceased for a month, and he agreed to attend the first rehearsal last Tuesday, but did not do so, because he said he was very hoarse. It was then arranged that he should appear on Wednesday evening, but in the morning witness received a note from him stating that his throat was very bad, and he had gone to St. Kilda. Witness did not see him afterwards. It was agreed that witness should pay Mr. De Haga's salary to Mr. Whatmough, of the Globe Hotel. On Wednesday, witness saw Mr. Whatmough, who told him that he had spoken sharply to Mr. De Haga that morning, and had locked the doors on him. On the previous Monday deceased carne to witness's house to rehearse a duet with Mrs. Zeplin, when it was found that his voice was completely gone. Witness believed that when Mr. De Haga became aware of this it drove him mad, and that he was not in his right mind when he committed suicide.

Mr. John Cowan, a professional vocalist, on being examined, stated that he had been told the deceased's real name was Haig. Had never seen him much the worse of drink. Some time ago deceased was travelling with Mr. Hussey, who had not paid him for his services; and the deceased returned to Melbourne in poverty, in fact he had not a penny in his pocket. The jury, after a brief deliberation, returned a verdict that the deceased had committed suicide while labouring under temporary insanity brought on by distress. The body of the deceased was removed from Williamstown on Saturday evening, for the purpose of interment in the Melbourne cemetery, some members of the musical profession having furnished the necessary funeral expenses.

"SUICIDE OF MR. DE HAGA", The Age (7 October 1872), 3 

"SUICIDE OF MR. DE HAGA", Williamstown Chronicle (12 October 1872), 3 

2 above, other reporters' transcripts of the inquest, with slightly different detail

Bibliography and resources:

Lois M. Foster, Annals of the San Francisco stage, 1850-1880, volume 1 ([San Francisco]: Federal Theatre Project, 1936), 264 (DIGITISED)

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 18, 78, 80, 88, 165, 166, 195, 212

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Opera-Opera/Pellinor, 1999), 136, 139, 145

Kurt Ganzl, Victorian vocalists (London and New York: Routledge, 2017), 222, 238 (PREVIEW)

DEIMLING, Friedrich (Friedrich; Fritz; Frederick DEIMLING; DIEMLING

Musician, bandmaster (Deimling's Band), cornet player, composer

Born ? 1839; ? 29 June 1839
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860
Married Anne CARMODY, VIC, 1868
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 December 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DEIMLING, Isabella (Isabella DEIMLING; Miss DEIMLING; Mrs. Arthur SEYFARTH)

Harpist, musician

Born VIC, 1870
Married Arthur Francis William SEYFARTH, VIC, 1892


"THE NORTH AMERICAN CIRCUS AT THE PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1860), 5

. . . Deimling's band was in attendance, and played.

[Advertisement], Empire (31 January 1860), 1


"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 February 1864), 10

The company at the Circus Royal having been joined by Mr. Flexmore, Mr. Stebbing and Master Stebbing, with Deimling's splendid brass band, gave another grand performance yesterday evening, and will perform again this evening. This talented company of male and female equestrians, acrobats, jugglers, balancers and clowns, will soon visit the Country Districts, and proceed to Hobart town . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 February 1872), 1

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (10 January 1877), 6

. . . One chorus, "Die Post," with cornet solo (at a distance) by Mr. Deimling, was encored . . .

[News], The Argus (2 January 1891), 5

To-morrow afternoon the fourth promenade concert will be given by the Melbourne Orchestra in the Exhibition-building. The programme includes several selections not heard before, in Melbourne, namely: Overture, "A Night in Granada" (Kreutzer); "The Forge in the Forest" (Michaelis); gavotte, "Louis-XII.," the obbligato being played on two harps by Misses Deimling and Duvalli. Miss Tasma Sherwin, of Sydney, will make her first appearance in Melbourne on this occasion as vocalist . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1891), 2

Bibliography and resources:


Friedrich DEIMLING born 29 June 1839. Musician. Res. Palmer St, Fitzroy. Melbourne Deutscher Club Krankenverein 1881-1882. Wife.

Frederick Deimling, Find a grave 


Flute player, bandsman (96th Regiment)

Active VDL (TAS), 1843-49 (shareable link to this entry)

See also Band of the 96th Regiment


"MR. RUSSELL'S CONCERTS", Launceston Advertiser (12 March 1846), 2 

The entertainment on Friday evening last was a musical treat of no ordinary kind. Some members of the 96th band attended, by the kind permission of Colonel Cumberland, and we are grati6ed to have the opportunity of referring to the very correct and delicate manner in which they gave Bellini's, "A te O Caro," a cavatina, from "Beatrice di Tenda," "Vive Enrico," and a piece arranged from the well known air of "I know a bank;" as well as to the flute solo of Mr. Delaney (one of their number), which was very neatly played.

DELANY, John Daniel (John Daniel DELANY; J. D. DELANY)

Journalist (? printer), amateur musician, violinist

Born ? ; son of John DELANY
Married (1) Maria ? WALTERS (d. ?), St. Giles, London, 1846
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1861 (? or earlier)
Married (2) Mary Gertrude MAGUIRE (d. 1896), NSW, 1872
Died Camperdown, NSW, 11 April 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DELANY, John Albert (John Albert DELANY; J. A. DELANY)

Organist, conductor, violinist, composer

Born London, England, 6 July 1852; son of John Daniel DELANY and Maria WALTERS
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1861 (? or earlier)
Married Jane Ann SHARPE, St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 15 May 1872
Died Paddington, NSW, 11 May 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

DELANY, Jenny (Jane Ann SHARPE; Anne; Miss Jenny SHARPE; Mrs. J. A. DELANY)

Soprano vocalist

Born ? at sea, per James Fernie, for Melbourne, VIC, 1857; daughter of Daniel SHARPE and Lousia RENGROVE
Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1872
Married John Albert DELANY, St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 15 May 1872
Died Melbourne, VIC, 20 December 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Albert Delany's musical career is relatively easily recoverable from the 1870s onwards. The current purpose of this entry is largely to document his father's activities, and such of his own and his wife's earliest activities as are traceable.

John Albert's teachers and mentors included Ellis Taylor, Anselm Curtis, William Cordner, John Hill, Charles Edward Horsley, and Charles Packer.


? 1470. LUCRETIA O'CONNER , stealing 4 spoon and 1 printed book, 19 August 1850; Old Bailey onlinene 

JOHN DANIEL DELANY. I am shopman to my father, a pawnbroker, of 93, Holborn . . .

? England census, 30 March 1851, Shoreditch, Middlesex; UK National Archives; Ho 107/1535 (PAYWALL)

George Delaney / Head / 48 / Glass cutter / [born] Westminster
John Delany [sic] / lodger / Widower / 46 / Copper plate printer / Westminster
John Delany / son [of lodger] / single / 18 / [Copper plate printer] / Clerkenwell . . .

? "Bankrupts. TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 1859", The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter (26 November 1859), 54

GODFREY, John, and JOHN DANIEL DELANY, Printers, Savoy-st., Strand . . .

? "CERTIFICATES . . . FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 1860", The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter (18 February 1860), 298

GODFREY, John, & JOHN DANIEL DELANY, Printers, Savoy-street, Strand, Middlesex, Feb. 14, 3rd class; after a suspension of 12 months.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1861), 1

A GRAND FULL DRESS BALL, to assist in paying off the Debt due on St. Vincent's Hospital, will take place on the 24th July. Particulars will be shortly announced. J. D. DELANY, Honorary Secretary. Committee Room, Metropolitan Hotel, June 24th, 1861.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1862), 1 

UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHOP OF SYDNEY - ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY. - This society is established for the purpose of improving the Choral music in the Catholic churches throughout Sydney and for the practice and performance of sacred and secular compositions, tending to elevate the musical taste of the people.
Musical director and conductor, Mr. W. J. CORDNER, organist of St. Mary's Cathedral.
Treasurer, JAMES HART, Esq., M.P.
Subscriptions can now be received by the Secretary, 234, Pitt-street, and at the first meeting of the society at St. Mary's Seminary on TUESDAY EVENING next, at 8 o'clock.
J. D. DELANY, secretary.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (21 March 1863), 7 

ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY. A GENERAL MEETING of the Members of the ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY will be held on TUESDAY evening, at seven o'clock, immediately before the vocal practice, to elect a committee for the ensuing year, commencing on the 31st instant. A full attendance of members, ladies and gentlemen, is particularly requested.
J. D. DELANY, Hon. Sec.

[Advertisement], Empire (12 December 1866), 1 

MASONIC HALL. TUESDAY, 15th December, 1868. GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT, In Aid of the Funds of the CITY NIGHT REFUGE AND SOUP KITCHEN . . . The Gentlemen forming the Orchestra. Violins: Mr. Klein, Mr. Greenfield, Mr, Macracken Mr. Salier, Mr. Neate, Mr. Delany, Mr. Delany, jun., Mr. Marshall, Mr. Bird . . .
Conductor - Herr CARL SCHMITT. Pianist - Mr. C. E. HORSLEY . . .

"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (26 July 1867), 1785 

In the matter of the petition of Sydney Masted, of Newcastle, in the Colony of New South Wales, printer, praying that the Estate of John Daniel Delany, of Newcastle, in the Colony of New South Wales, printer, may be sequestrated for the benefit of his Creditors, according to law . . .

"MR. J. D. DELANY", The Newcastle Chronicle (23 February 1869), 2 

We understand that Mr. J. D. Delany, formerly of this city, has recently sailed for England. It is reported that he has obtained employment on a London paper.

[Advertisement], Evening News (16 August 1871), 3 

LAY CATHOLIC PROTECTION SOCIETY. The Opening LECTURE of this society will be delivered by J. D. DELANY, Esq., on THURSDAY EVENING, 17th August, at the School of Arts, Pitt-street. Subject: "Orange-ism - a historical Retrospect" . . .

"LECTURE ON ORANGEISM", Evening News (18 August 1871), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1872), 8 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - Ladies and Gentlemen (professional and amateur) willing to assist in a CONCERT offered by the Musical Public to the Orchestra of the Prince of Wales Theatre, who have suffered severely by the late calamitous fire, are respectfully invited to attend a MEETING, at Wangenheim's Hotel, King-street, at 8 o'clock on WEDNESDAY EVENING next, or to communicate with the undersigned, J. D. DELANY, Secretary pro tem. Wangenheim's Hotel, January 6th.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1872), 2 

On SATURDAY, January 27th, will be produced Offenbach's Grand Comic Opera
MADAME FANNY SIMONSEN will appear in nor original and wonderfully successful impersonation of THE GRAND DUCHESS . . .
First appearance of Mr. HENRY HULLAM, Miss E. A. LAMBERT, Miss JENNY SHARPE . . .

"SYDNEY CHORAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1872), 3 

. . . Second Annual Report of the Sydney Choral Society . . .
The following list will show the work performed bv the society during the past year: -
July 18, 1871. - Haydn's " Seasons," at the Masonic Hall.
November 7 - Neukomm's "Easter Morning," at the Masonic Hall.
October 25 - The "Messiah," at the Prince of Wales Opera House.
January 20, 1872 - Miscellaneous, at the Exhibition, assisted by the States troupe . . .

. . . Mr. J. D. Delany was unanimously elected honorary secretary for the ensuing year . . . Herr Carl Schmitt will continue as conductor of the society, and Mr. Roper organist.

"MARRIAGES", Evening News (15 June 1872), 4 

On the 11th May, at St. Mary's Cathedral by the Rev. J. Dwyer, John Albert Delany, only son of J. D. Delany, Esq., of Sydney, formerly of London, to Jane Ann, youngest daughter of D. Sharpe, Esq., of Melbourne, formerly of Kings land, London.

"CHRISTMAS SERVICES", Freeman's Journal (28 December 1872), 10

The performance of the music at High Mass at the principal Catholic churches in Sydney on Christmas Day was unusually good. At St. Mary's the music consisted of Mozart's No. 12 Kyrie and Gloria, Mercadante's Credo, and Gounod's Sanctus and Agnus Dei, with organ and full orchestral accompaniments. The selections from Mercadante's and Gounod's Mass were specially arranged for the orchestra by Mr. J. A. Delany, organist of the Cathedral . . . The congregation of St. Mary's are deeply indebted to Dr. Barsanti for the interest he takes in the progress of the choir . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (8 March 1873), 1 

MR. J. A. DELANY, (Organist of St. Mary's Cathedral), TEACHER of the Organ, Harmonium, Piano forte, and Violin, No. 5, Williams Terrace, Bourke-street, WOOLLOOMOOLOO.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1873), 8 

THE SYDNEY CHORAL SOCIETY is now under process of reconstruction under the name of
THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . Herr Carl Schmitt, having resigned the musical directorship,
the committee congratulate themselves . . . on having secured the leadership of so able a musician as Mr. A. REA.
J. D. DELANY, Hon. Sec.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1876), 12


"THE OPERA-HOUSE. THE BOHEMIAN GIRL", The Argus (18 June 1877), 6

This house was densely crowded on Saturday night, because there was an unusual attraction presented in the debut of a young singer, Miss Jenny Sharpe, who made her first appearance on the operatic stage as Ailine in Balfe's "Bohemian Girl." Miss Sharpes ambition is greater than her talent. She had accorded to her that perfectly fair and encouraging hearing which the good-natured audience of Melbourne always give to a beginner. She made her essay under the most favourable circumstances, but was unsuccessful, and it is not likely that in a company such as that at the Opera house she will again occupy the position of prima donna. We have no positive fault to find with her. She does not sing badly; she speaks correctly, and with a clear voice; her personal appearance is in her favour; and she bore herself throughout the performance in an assured and self-reliant manner, which was very satisfactory to the audience, and quite remarkable in a debutante; but nevertheless she failed to please. She sang "I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls" in such a manner as to gain an encore, but this was to be expected on her first entry, and was meant on the part of the audience by way of encouragement. After this the audience was very sparing of applause . . .

"GENERAL NEWS", The Daily Telegraph (16 April 1884), 6 

Mr. J. D. Delany writes: - "Will you kindly permit me to correct a slight mistake that appears in your "summary" of Monday last? - It is there stated that Gounod's Mass was sung at St. Mary's Cathedral yesterday, for the first time in Sydney, with orchestra. Gounod's Mass was sung for the first time in Sydney with organ and full orchestral accompaniment, on Christmas Day, 1872, in the temporary Cathedral, under the conductorship of my son, J. A. Delany, who was then organist and director of the choir at St. Mary's."

"A SAD DEATH", Daily Telegraph [Launceston, TAS] (11 January 1888), 2 

The obituary column of the Melbourne Hospital records the death of Ann Delaney, known to the musical profession as Miss Jenny Sharp, who was admitted on the 19th December last, and departed this life on the following day at the early age of 29. This lady (says the Theatrical Courier) was a native of the colony, and appeared a few years since when very young, under the management of the late W. S. Lyster, as Maritana. She was an excellent vocalist and good musician, but owing to her having contracted a fatal desire for intoxicants, her husband, well known in the musical profession, left her, and took with him one of the children, leaving an infant with the mother, whom he allowed, under a maintenance order, the sum of 30s. per week. From that time she gave up in despair everything in this life that a young and beautiful woman, as she was, should hold dearer than life, and thus, unpitied by her friends, and comparatively forgotten by the world, the ill-spent young life flickered out into the darkness.

No further seek her merits to disclose,
Or draw her frailties from their drear abode,
There they alike in trembling hope repose,
The bosom of her Father and her God.

"DEATHS", Freeman's Journal (14 January 1888), 10 

DELANY. - December 20, 1857, at Melbourne, the wife of J. A. Delany.

"Mr. John Delany", Table Talk (20 April 1888), 16 

MR. John A. Delany, the conductor of the Sydney Liedertafel, was born in London in 1853, and at the age of two years arrived in Sydney with his parents. At an early age he manifested a great talent for music, and was placed under the tuition of the late Mr. W. J. Cordner, who thoroughly grounded his young pupil in the science of music and the laws or harmony. After Mr. Cordner's death young Delany was taken in hand by the gifted Mr. Charles S. Packer, and made such marked progress that while yet in his teens his facility in scoring music for an orchestra soon earned him a reputation, and he was eagerly sought after by proprietors of travelling opera companies. When Mr. John Hill was organist at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, he engaged Mr. Delany as deputy, and on his resigning the position, Mr. Delany was elected to succeed him. Shortly afterwards Mr. Delany was engaged by Mr. W. S. Lyster as chorus master for his opera company, and after filling that position for two years he accepted a similar one in Mr. Martin Simonsen's company of which later on he became conductor. On the formal opening of St. Mary's Cathedral, Mr. Delany was engaged to conduct the three days' festival in connection with the ceremonies.

"SYDNEY LIEDERTAFEL CONCERT. CAPTAIN COOK, CANTATA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1888), 11

"Deaths', The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1894), 1 

DELANY - April 11, at his residence, 15 Campbell-street Camperdown, John Daniel Delany, of heart disease and dropsy.

"Death of Mr. J. D. Delany", Evening News (12 April 1894), 6 

Mr. John Daniel Delany, a gentleman well-known in literary and musical circles, and father of Mr. J. A. Delany, organist and choir conductor, died at his residence, Camperdown, yesterday, from heart disease and dropsy, at an advanced age. Mr. Delany was one of the many who narrowly miss making their mark in life, but whom fortuitous circumstances cross just at the moment when success is almost within their grasp. He was a man of very considerable literary ability, and of some musical gifts. He was born in England, and came to New South Wales over a quarter of a century ago. After a short stay in Sydney he went to Newcastle and took the position of editor of the Newcastle Chronicle, which he held for a few years. After wards he purchased the Newcastle Telegraph from the then proprietor, the late Dr. Brookes, and, in conjunction with Mr. Charles Thurlow, conducted the paper under the title of the Newcastle Standard. That journal was distinguished by its ability and outspokenness, but after a few years' existence, rather more merry than wise, it was discontinued, and Mr. Delany returned to Sydney, where he has resided mostly ever since. While carrying on the Newcastle Standard, Mr. Delany, who wielded a singularly caustic and powerful pen, published, first in that journal and afterward in pamphlet form, an amusing satire, in the form of a "native drama," entitled "The Artful Dodger." This squib, which was full of quaint mockery, drollery, and fun, but not without some biting sarcasm, gave great offence to those against whom the satire was directed, and tended to aggravate local party feeling, which ran pretty high at the time, particularly in connection with municipal affairs. It made one half the town laugh and the other half curse, and the cursing half happened to have the upper hand in the local parliament, if they were not numerically the strongest party. While in Newcastle Mr. Delany, as he did wherever he went, took an active part in promoting music, particularly church music, and his fiddle was often heard in the orchestra of his church. Of late years he had occupied a clerical position in the Fisheries Department in Sydney, but increasing years and physical infirmities necessitated his retirement. He was a warm and genial friend, and a good husband and father, and who ever was intimately acquainted with him formed an attachment for him that strengthened with years. He has gone to his rest honored by those who knew him, and deeply regretted by all who had enjoyed his friendship.

"ROMAN CATHOLIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 April 1894), 10

Mr. John D Delany, who died this week, was for many years connected with St. Mary's Cathedral choir. Mr. J. A Delany, the conductor of the choir, is a son of the deceased.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (15 May 1907), 1281 

DELANY. - May 11, at Springwood, Cameron-street, Psddington, John A. Delany, aged 56 years.

"The Late J. A. Delany", Freeman's Journal (16 May 1907), 18 


Mr. J. A. Delany was born in London of Irish parents, and came to Sydney with his parents when he was a very small boy. He first studied music systematically with Mr. Ellis Taylor, of Newcastle. Afterwards he studied for many years with the late William J. Cordner, then organist of St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney. Mr. Delany's teacher was organist and conductor of St. Mary's Cathedra! from 1856 until his death in 1870. When old St. Mary's was destroyed by fire in 1865 Mr. Cordner continued as organist in the temporary cathedral until his death a year later (1871). Master Delany was even then a master of the keys of the organ. Amongst others from whom the aspiring youth received valuable instruction and good counsel were John Hill, R.A.M., and Charles Edward Horsley, the famous English composer and conductor, whom Sydney was fortunate enough to have as resident for several years.

Mr. Delany began his professional career at the age of 16 as violinist in the orchestra of the Victoria Theatre, Pitt-street, Sydney, and for many years played in various theatrical and operatic orchestras, thereby gaining experience, and at the same time studying other branches of music. At the age of 20 (1871) Mr. Delany was selected to succeed the brilliant John Hill (who afterwards married Ilma di Murska, the famous singer), as choirmaster at St. Mary's, which position he occupied with distinction for five years. He then became engaged at the Opera House as chorusmaster and pianist in the Lyster Opera Company. At the termination of this engagement he spent several years in travelling with different operatic companies. Mr. Delany returned to Sydney in 1882, when the new Cathedral was opened by the late Archbishop Vaughan, and at the Triduum Mr. Delany acted as conductor, earning distinction in ths musical success which it attained. The Triduum March at the three-days' musical festival composed by Mr. Delany was played at the opening and the close of the ceremonies by a large orchestra. A baton of ebony and gold was presented by the united choirs to their conductor. Thomas Banks was then organist at St. Mary's, and Mr. Delany again left Sydney to fill engagements in other places, his last association with opera being as conductor of the Emilie Melville Company at the Bijou Theatre in Melbourne in 1884. Revisiting Sydney in 1885, he was appointed conductor of the Sydney Liedertafel in succession to Max Vogrich; and in the following year accepted the position of musical director at St. Mary's Cathedral. On the death of Mr. N. G. Barnett, who succeeded Mr. Banks, Mr. Delany once more became organist, as well as choirmaster, with Mr. Harry Dawkins as deputy organist. Mr. Delany had had the direction of the music at St. Mary's for 26 years, first under Archbishop Polding, then under Archbishop Vaughan, and since 1885 under his Eminence Cardinal Moran . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1896), 1 

DELANY. - April 25, at her stepson's residence, 68 Paddington-street, Paddington, of malignant tumour, Mary Gertrude, widow of the late J. D. Delany, aged 59.

"THE LATE MR. J. A. DELANY. A REQUIEM HIGH MASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1907), 5

Musical works: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

John's notable Australians, who they are and what they do, brief biographies of men and women of the commonwealth by Fred. Johns (Melbourne, &c.: George Robertson 7amp; Company, 1906), 58

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Delany, John Albert (1852-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Kit Smith, "John Albert Delany: a prince in music", Australasian Catholic Record 82/3 (July 2005), 290-98;dn=972888421242035;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

John Albert Delany, Find a grave 


See LOLLE, Emile de


Violinist, dancing master

Born c. 1836
Active Melbourne, VIC, from July 1857
Died Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1923, in his 88th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1857), 8

DANCING and Deportment. - Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Governor of Melbourne, M. LOUIS DELPLANQUE begs to inform the Nobility and Gentry of Melbourne, Toorak, St. Kilda, Richmond, Brighton, and Collingwood, that he Gives LESSONS in DANCING and DEPORTMENT. For particulars apply at Joseph Wilkie's, Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Age (16 February 1858), 1 

Principal - Alexander Morrison, A.M. . . .
Dancing and Gymnastics - Mr. Louis Delplanque
Vocal Music - Mr. Walter Bonwick
Instrumental music: Piano - Mr. Charles Bial
Violin - Mr. Louis Delplanque . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 3 

LADIES' COLLEGE, 23 and 26 Victoria-parade, Collingwood.
Principals, Mr. and Mrs. VIEUSSEUX. The subjoined CLASSES MEET as follows: -
Natural science, Mondays, Dr. Macadam.
Elocution, Wednesdays, Mr. T. P. Hill.
Dancing, Wednesdays, Mr. L. Delplanque . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 August 1923), 1

DELPLANQUE. - Louis Delplanque, late of Melbourne, in his 88th year.


Deplanque's copy of Francis Litolff's The Curaçoa polka (1864) 

Letter from William Johnson, Analytical Chemist, to Town Clerk, Prahran, re asphalting in front of his property at 18-20 Punt Road, Prahran [cnr. of Nelson and Punt Roads]; Stonnington History Centre 

NOTE: William and Mrs. Johnson, with son Mellard, lived and worked at this address from 1853-1900. They let No. 20 to a dancing master - L. Delplanc [Delplanque?] for about 20 years. The building was later let to George Nicholas, who first manufactured Aspro there. The building was demolished in 1968 to make way for the Dandenong Road overpass.

DEL SARTE, Marie Albertine (Marie Albertine DEL SARTE)

See mainpage Camille Del Sarte and family

DELUCA, Joseph (Joseph DELUCA; Giuseppe DELUCA; DE LUCA)

Harp player, street musician, itinerant musician

Born Messina, Italy, c. 1848
Active Sydney, NSW, 1892-97
Died Fitzroy, VIC, June 1927 (shareable link to this entry)

DELUCA, Eugene Vincent (Eugene Vincent DELUCA; Eugenio Vincent DELUCA; DE LUCA)

Harp player, street musician, itinerant musician

Born Messina, Italy, c. 1883/34; son of the above
Active Sydney, NSW, 1892-97
Died Preston, VIC, 1964 (shareable link to this entry)


"BREVITIES", Evening News (8 December 1892), 5

Kate Brown, 33, was charged before Mr. J. Giles, D.S.M., at the Central Police Court to-day with having been drunk and was fined 10s or seven days. She was also charged with having assaulted an Italian harp player, a boy, named Vincent Deluca. The boy was walking along the street yesterday afternoon, with his instrument on his shoulder, when accused rushed at him and struck him on the head. Fined £3, or two months. She was further fined 20s, and ordered to pay 10s for the damage, for having broken the boy's harp, or 21 days.

[Advertisement], Evening News (15 October 1896), 1

REWARD £1. - Will be paid to anyone giving the Address of Eugene Vincent De Luca, aged 13 years. Anyone harboring him will be prosecuted. Joseph De Luca, 17 Little Macquarie-st.

"BREVITIES", Evening News (30 December 1896), 4

An Italian boy named Vincent Deluca, 13, residing at 17 Macquarie-street south, while climbing a tree in Hyde Park to-day in search of locusts, lost his hold and fell to the ground a distance of about twenty feet, fracturing his right collarbone in addition to receiving injuries to the spine. Mr. George Clarke, of Prospect-street, Paddington, conveyed Deluca to Sydney Hospital, where he was admitted by Dr. Harris.

[Advertisement], Evening News (16 March 1897), 1

REWARD - (5s) to any person that will Give Information to the Police or at 17 Albert-st., for the Whereabouts of Boy, aged 13, EUGENIO VINCENT DE LUCA, a Harp Player, scar on forehead.

"Smithfield. GRAND BALL", The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (9 June 1900), 2

The string band, which comprised Messrs. S. Watson (piano), Joseph Deluca (harp), Frank Palermo and Lewis Lamoglie (violins), supplied first class music.


Not to be confused with the American band composer Joseph DeLuca (1890-1935)

See "BAND SELECTIONS", The Brisbane Courier (4 February 1928), 21

The Brisbane Citizens' Band, under the conductorship of Mr. A. Kaeser, will render a programme in the Newstead Park on Sunday at 3.1S p.m., and in the Botanic Gardens at 8.15 p.m. . . . The programme will be: - "God Save the King"; overture, "Fountain of Youth" (Kt. King); intermezzo, Gavotte (Joseph De Luca) . . .

DE MATTOS, Faustino (Antonio Faustino DE MATTOS; de MATTOS)

See Faustino de MATTOS


Minstrel-serenader, dancer, gymnast, professor of gymnastics

Arrived Sydney, NSW, November 1857 (per
? Died (drowned) off Cape St. Mary, Madagascar, early 1862


"ARRIVAL OF MUSICAL TALENT", Empire (16 November 1857), 4 

By the Jacatra, from San Francisco, Mr. O. N. Burbank, formerly so well-known in Sydney as one of the Backus Minstrels, has arrived; he is accompanied by Mr. Demerest, another Ethiopian serenader of established talent. Both these gentlemen are about to make a professional tour through the colonies, and will shortly make their appearance before a Sydney audience in conjunction with other artistes.

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (22 July 1862), 5 

Bibliography and resources:

Colonel T. Alston Brown, "Early history of Negro Minstrelsy, its rise and progress in the United States", The New York Clipper (5 April 1913), 6 (DIGITISED)

Boley's Minstrela swere organized by D. F. Boley and left Australia in January, 1862, on a visit to the Maritius Islands. After a not very successful engagement they embarked for the Cape of Good Hope, but were wrecked off Cape St. Mary late in 1862. Mr. and Mrs. Boley and the children were lost, as was the entire troupe - a Mr. Robson being the only one saved from drowning. George W. Demerest, Charles L. Grew, W. White Lee, W. Robson, and Totten Arent [? sic] were in the company. Dan F. Boley [sic] was one of the original Backus Minstrels. He was a fine banjoist and his deep sonorous, bass voice will be recollected with mingled feelings of regret and pleasure. In 1865 he, in company with Backus, Burbank and others, re-organised the Backus Minstrels and made a trip to Australia. After a time all except Boley returned, but he married a wealthy widow and remained there.

DE MUNCK, Ernest

See with his wife Carlotta PATTI (Madame DE MUNCK)


See Ilma de MURKSA

DENHAM, Thomas (Thomas DENHAM)

Teacher of dancing, professor of dancing

Born c. 1812
Sentenced Lancaster assizes, 19 October 1831, to 14 years transportation
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 16 July 1832 (convict per Katherine Stewart Forbes, from London, 26 February, age 20)
Married Hannah MATTHEWS, Sorell, VDL (TAS), 23 November 1836
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), until 1846 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Dyer (dancing teacher, fellow convict)


Convict record, Thomas Denham, per Katherine Stewart Forbes, 1832; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1386885; CON31/1/10$init=CON31-1-10p90 

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Sorell, in the county of Pembroke, in the year 1836; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:823109; RGD36/1/3 no 3544$init=RGD36-1-3p58 

Thomas Denham, of the Parish of Sorell, Bachelor, and
Hannah Matthews, alias Henrietta Mather, of the Parish of Sorell, Widow,
married in this Church by Banns with the consent of the Liutenant Governor,
this twenty third day of November in the year 1836 . . .

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (14 April 1840), 7 

Thomas Denham, holding a ticket-of-leave, was charged by constable Martin with misconduct, in being in Mr. Walton's public-house, dancing with a favorite lady. His ticket-of-leave was suspended, and he was sent to hard labour on the roads for six months.

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (3 May 1844), 3 

Dancing. THE Undersigned beg most respectfully to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, that they have commenced teaching in the above profession, the particulars of which may be known on application at No. 41, Brisbane-street.
Hobart Town, April 23, 1844.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 November 1846), 2 

MR. THOMAS DENHAM, in notifying to the Public that he has opened an Establishment in Argyle-street, at the angle of Macquarie-street, begs leave to state, that Pupils will be received every evening at six o'clock, for instruction in the above fashionable and useful accomplishment.
T. D., from his well-known and celebrated character as a Professor of Dancing, deems it unnecessary to enter into any lengthened detail as to his capacity in the above science.
Corner of Argyle and Macquarie streets, November 6, 1846.

DENISON, William Thomas (William Thomas DENISON; W. T. DENISON)

Lieutentant-governor (TAS), governor-general (from 1855), musical patron

Born London, England, 3 May 1804
Married Caroline HORNBY, St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, England, 29 November 1838
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 January 1847
Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1855
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 January 1861 (for Madras, India)
Died East Sheen, Surrey, England, 19 January 1871 (NLA persistent identifier)

DENISON, Caroline Lucy (Caroline Lucy HORNBY; Lady DENISON)

Musical patron

Born Winwick, Lancashire, 30 November 1818; baptised 27 December 1818, daughter of Phipps HORNBY and Maria Sophia BURGOYNE
Married William Thomas DENISON, St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, England, 29 November 1838
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 January 1847
Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1855
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 January 1861 (for Madras, India)
Died London, England, 29 June 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Caroline Denison (Hobart, c. 1855); Libraries Tasmania

Caroline Denison (Hobart, c. 1855); Libraries Tasmania (DIGITISED)


As Lady Denison, she was the dedicatee of two important published collections of music, The Delacourt bouquet and its sequel The Tasmanian lyre, edited by Henry Butler Stoney, and issued in Hobart in 1854 and 1855.

In 1855, in Sydney, she was dedicatee of Henry Marsh's weekly series, The Australian cadeau, and in 1857 of Jacob Clarke's collection, The Australian musical album for 1857.

She was also dedicatee of several other published works, notably including Edward Boulanger's Serenade from Don Pasquale (1856), and Edwin Cobley's The government house waltz (1857).

With her husband, she was also patron, from 1847, of the Hobart Town Choral Society, and, from 1855, of the Sydney Philharmonic Society.

Bibliography and resources:

Papers of William T. Denison and his family; University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections 

[Mrs. Edward Cox's journal (written about 1877) [in pencil: 1880]; transcribed by Andrew Houison (1850-1912) 

. . . [51] A year of two after this Sir Charles Fitzroy left the Colony, and Sir William Denison with a large family arrived. Two daughters just grown up, pretty young girls, the Eldest delicate. Lady Denison gave pleasant musical evening parties in her private drawing room for young people, and the Governor got up lawn parties for archery. He presented my third daughter Jane, with a very fine bow and arrows. They also gave large public balls, but not many of them . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jane Maria Cox (1806-1888) arrived in New South Wales with her parents, Richard and Christiana Brooks, in 1814. In 1823 the Brooks family moved from Sydney to Denham Court near Liverpool. In 1827 Jane married Edward Cox (1805-1868) of Fernhill, Mulgoa; Alfred Cox was her much younger brother-in-law.

DENNING, Mrs. (Mrs. DENNING and the Misses DENNING)

Teacher of dancing

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1847 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (7 October 1847), 1 

Dancing Academy.
MRS. DENNING respectfully notifies to Ladies and Gentlemen desiring to receive Lessons in Fashionable Dancing, that, with the assistance of her daughters, and Mrs. Stewart, who are proficient in the art, she intends opening a Dancing Academy at the Rooms immediately opposite Messrs. Jeffery and Fairburn's Cabinet Establishment, at the lower end of Argyle-street, where lessons will be given on reasonable terms. The rooms will be opened on Saturday evening next.
Sept. 29.

DENNING, Cornelius Peter (Cornelius Peter DENNING; C. P. DENNING; Mr. DENNING)

Professor of dancing, dancing master (pupil of Charles D'Albert, Henri Cellarius, Antoine Coulon, &c., "of Vauxhall")

Born England, c. 1802; son of ? Peter DENNING
Active Melbourne and Geelong, VIC, by December 1852
Married Harriet OBBARD, Carlton, VIC, 10 May 1869
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1874, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DENNING, Harriet (Harriet OBBARD; Miss OBBARD; Mrs. Cornelius DENNING)

Teacher of dancing

Born ? England, c. 1837
Arrrived Launceston, TAS, 23 November 1855 (indenture immigrant per Anglesey)
Married Cornelius DENNING, Carlton, VIC, 10 May 1869
Died Brunswick, VIC, 21 February 1904, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (2 December 1852), 2 

A GRAND FANCY AND FULL DRESS BALL AND SUPPER, WILL take place on Monday the 6th of December, at the Masonic Hall, Geelong, on which occasion the Military Brass Band of the 40th Regiment, in full costume, will be in attendance. The well known Master of the Ceremonies, Mr. Denning, from Vauxhall, has kindly offered his services . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 December 1852), 8 

THE Proprietor respectfully informs Ladies and Gentlemen and his patrons generally, that in compliance with general desire, an Assembly will be held this evening. The Band, under the able leadership of Mr. Tranter, will be increased.
Admission - Gentlemen 5s with the privilege of introducing ladies.
Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock.

"OPENING OF THE QUEEN'S ARCADE, LONDSDALE STREET . . . THE BALL", The Banner (27 September 1853), 7 

. . . The delightful music of Winterbottom, and the perfect management of Mr. Denning, rendered the evening one of infinite pleasure and delight, and the festivities were kept up until a late hour.

"THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL", The Argus (8 October 1853), 4 

. . . In the confusion, we noticed one honorable member voting in distinct opposition to a speech which he had made about a minute before . . . while Dr. Greeves and Alderman Hodgson stood up at the end of the table and performed a sort of "set to your partner, turn round once, and take your places," in a style that would have gladdened the hearts of Professors Braid or Denning . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Braid (dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 October 1854), 8 

EXHIBITION - Select Quadrille Assembly, Protestant Hall. This Evening. This Assembly takes place by the desire or several respectable families, in celebration of the Opening of the Exhibition. Visitors of known respectability only will be admitted. C. P. Denning.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1855), 8

Immigrants Arriving under the Indenture System, Tasmania, 1 January 1854 to 31 December 1856 (PAYWALL)

Obbard, Harriett, 24, London, nursemaid, [on application of] Rev. W. H. Brown, [per] Anglesey, Launceston, via Melbourne, Nov. 23, 1855.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1857), 8

TUITION in DANCING - Academy, Protestant Hall; Schools attended. C. P. Denning, pupil of D'Albert, Cellarius, Coulon, &c.

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 April 1857), 8 

MISS OBBARD, lately from Launceston, is requested to call at 5, Kyte's-building, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Age (25 July 1857), 3 

DANCING. - La Varsoviana. - Ladies may acquire this Dance in private lessons. C. P. Denning, Protestant Hall.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 October 1860), 8 

MISS OBBARD, TEACHER of DANCING, late of Protestant Hall, assistant to Mr. Gilfillan, St. Patrick's Hall.

"THE PARTY OUTRAGE IN MELBOURNE", Empire (26 December 1867), 3

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (31 May 1869), 4 

DENNING - OBBARD. - On the 10th inst., at Erskine Church, Carlton, by special licence, by Rev. James Ballantyne, C. P. Denning to Harriet, daughter of the late Captain Obbard, and niece to Alderman Obbard, city of London.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1874), 8 

MR. DENNING'S Instruction CLASS. This Evening, Tuesday, as usual, 180 Little Collins-street, next Protestant hall.

"Deaths", The Argus (17 June 1874), 1

DENNING. - On the 16th inst., at his late residence, No 180 Little Collins street east, Mr. Cornelius Peter Denning

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The Herald (17 June 1874), 2 

A very old resident of Melbourne died yesterday evening. We refer to Mr. Denning, the well known dancing master. Mr. Denning, who was seventy-three years of age when he died, had been in the practice of his profession in Melbourne for over twenty-three years, and during that time used the Protestant Hall as his assembly room. Dropsy was the immediate cause of death.

"MELBOURNE (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Wednesday evening [17 June]", Geelong Advertiser (18 June 1874), 3 

Mr. Denning, the dancing master, died yesterday, aged 73. He was much liked by bis pupils, and notwithstanding his years would, in the performance of his duties, skip about as nimbly as the nimblest of those whom be taught.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1874), 12 

MRS. DENNING'S CLASSES for Instruction will RE-COMMENCE to-morrow evening, Tuesday, 7 o'clock, as usual, 180 Little Collins-street.

"DEATHS", The Age (22 February 1904), 1 

DENNING - On the 21st February, at her residence, No. 6 Black-street, South Brunswick, Harriet, relict of the late Cornelius P. Denning, aged 67 years.

DENTITH, Alfred Jackson (Alfred Jackson DENTITH; A. J. DENTITH)

Professor of music, teacher of the violin and piano, pianist, violinist, piano tuner

Born Edge Hill, Liverpool, England, 4 January 1829; son of John DENTITH (c. 1788-1868) and Mary JACKSON (c. 1787-1874)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 26 September 1854 (per Templeman, from Liverpool 19 May)
Married Sarah Rose YOUNG (1843-1911), Hobart, TAS, 26 January 1864
Died Hobart, TAS, 13 July 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DENTITH, Mary (Mrs. Alfred Henry BOWDEN)

Musician, music teacher, composer

Born Hobart, TAS, 19 October 1864; daughter of Alfred DENTITH and Sarah Rose YOUNG
Married Alfred H. E. BOWDEN, Hobart, TAS, 11 September 1886
Died Scottsdale, TAS, 17 December 1950 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Dentith was a pupil of Henry Francis Aldridge (1815-1864), a music seller, who was violinist and leader of the Liverpool Philharmonic Society in the 1840s (later active in Belfast), and of Michael Costa. He also studied in Hamburg, with the pianist and composer, Jacob Schmitt (1803-1853), whose nephew Carl Schmitt also later came to Tasmania.

He arrived in Hobart on 26 September 1854, with his parents, John Dentith (c. 1788-1868) and Mary Jackson (c. 1787-1874), and his elder siblings Henry Dentith (d. 1880, aged 64) and Harriet Dentith (d. 1892, aged 59), who carried on the family business as bakers and pastrycooks.

According to his own account, his first professional music engagement in the colony was playing piano for Phillis Seal (d. 1877), a prominent local business figure, though in what context remains unclear. One possibility is the fancy dress ball she gave in August 1855.

A Collard & Collard boudoir grand piano, dated c. 1897, which belonged to Arthur and Mary Bowden, was donated by the family in 2012 to QVMAG Launceston.


England census, 30 March 1851, West Derby, Lancashire; Uk National Archives, HO107/2192 (PAYWALL)

Mary Dentith / Head / 65 / Confectioner / [born] ? Chester
Henry Dentith / Son / 34 / Shopman in Baker's shop / . . .
Marriet [Dentith] / Daug. / 29 / . . .
Alfred [Dentith] / Son / 22 [sic] / Professor of Music / [Liverpool Lancashire] . . .

Slater's directory of Liverpool and its suburbs, 1855 [sic] (? 1854 listing)

Dentith Alfred Jackson, stationer, circulating library, & professor of music, 24 Wavertree road, Edge Hill

"ARRIVALS", The Hobarton Mercury (27 September 1854), 2

24 Barque Templeman, 561 tons, W. Murphy, from Liverpool 19th May, with general cargo Passengers - Mr., Mrs., Miss and Master Sharpe, Mr., Mrs, Miss Dentih, Messrs. Dentith (2), Mrs. Roger and 3 children. Agent, McPherson & Francis.

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 May 1855), 3

MUSIC CLASS. Conductor, Mr. J. J. Salier. Leader, Mr. W. Russell. Pianist, Mr. J. Dentith.
The Class for the Study and Practice of Vocal and Instrumental Music meets every Friday evening, at half-past six o'clock.
It is earnestly requested that all Members of the Institute interested in the cultivation of this Science give the Class their support and attendance.
Provision is made for instruction in the elements of Music on a popular plan. One hour every practice evening will be devoted to this branch.
It is proposed to give occasional Public Musical Entertainments in the course of the Lecture Session.
Subscriptions - Members 1s. 6d. per month. Non-members 3s. per month.
Annual Cards of Membership admitting Members and their Families to all the advantages of the Institute, £1; quarterly, 5s. Apprentices, Youths, and Mechanics, annual, 10s.; quarterly, 2s. 6d.
Subscriptions for the Second Quarter are now due. By order of the Committee of Management,
MURRAY BURGESS, Secretary. Committee Room, May 12, 1855.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Jabez Salier; William Wilkins Russell

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (14 May 1856), 3

MUSIC. MR. A. DENTITH 1G3 Macquarie-street, teacher of the Violin and Piano Forte. Piano Fortes, tuned, &c. orders can be left with Mr. Westcott Librarian Collins-street or with Mr. Dentith Macquarie-street. Terms on application.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 November 1860), 4

MUSIC. MR. DENTITH has the honor to inform the Inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity that he is now enabled to supply a first-rate STRINGED BAND for quadrille parties, pic-nics, flower shows, &c. Parties can have any number of instruments they may require Solo Pianoforte, Mr. Dentith: Duo, Flute and Piano, Mr. Gagliardi and Mr. Dentith. P.S. - Country engagements punctually attended to.

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacinto Gagliardi

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 December 1860), 3 

A GRAND BALL WILL BE HELD ON BOXING NIGHT, 26th December, 1860. The co-operation of the VOLUNTEERS of the Southern District of the Colony is requested, in order to make the affair a reunion of the Several Corps . . . Mr. Dentith's celebrated Band of Twelve Performers has been engaged for the occasion.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (4 January 1861), 4 

BAZAAR IN AID OF ST. JOHN'S PARSONAGE . . . will be held at Del Sarte's Rooms, on THURSDAY and FRIDAY, January 3rd and 4th . . . Vocal and Instrumental Music will be performed in the Room by Mr. Dentith, and Signor Gagliardi . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 January 1861), 7 

MESSRS. GAGLIARDI & DENTITH HAVE the honor to announce that they intend OPENING the ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Bathurst-street, on THURSDAY EVENING, the 17th instant. Dancing to commence at eight o'clock.

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (28 January 1864), 1 

On the 26th instant, by the Rev. J. W. Simmons, at the residence of the bride's father, Mr. A. J. Dentith, to Sarah Rose, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Young.

"BIRTH", The Mercury (22 October 1864), 1 

DENTITH. - On the 19th inst., the wife of Mr. A. J. Dentith, of a daughter.

"Marriages", The Mercury (18 September 1886), 1

BOWDEN - DENTITH. - On September 11, at 124, Macquarie-street, by the Rev. J. W. Simmons, Alfred H. E. Bowden, to Mary Dentith.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC (By Semibreve)", Daily Post (8 January 1909), 3

Mr. A. J. Dentith, who has been associated with the musical profession in Hobart for the last 50 years, celebrated his 80th birthday on Monday last at his residence, in Paternoster-street near Trinity Church. At the suggestion of a mutual acquaintance I called upon him, and wished him many happy returns of the day. He received me very courteously, and in the course of a friendly chat he recalled several reminiscences of his past career. He told me he was trained under H. F. Aldridge, the leader of the Philharmonic Society in Liverpool, to which Mr. Dentith was attached as a violinist. In 1854, at the age of 25, he left Liverpool and came to Hobart with his parents. His first engagement here was with Mrs. Seal, as a pianist, after which he played the violin at the theatre, which was then controlled by Mr. Watson. It was in the same place as now, although since then, of course, it has been considerably improved. Mr. Dentith remembers that in those days the scenery used to come from the sides instead of from above. Besides playing in the orchestra, Mr. Dentith devoted a good deal of time to teaching, but when asked to draw on his reminiscences about the most noteworthy of his pupils he shook his head, and said he would, rather not.

He has many pleasant recollections or Tapfield and Schott, leading conductors of local orchestral societies in the years gone by. The former was a pianist, and the latter a master of the oboe. Of the two, Tapfield was first in point of time, but Schott was first in point of merit. After a long life devoted to the most fascinating of the arts, Mr. Dentith is spending the evening of his days in quiet, cheered by the affection of his family. The little sitting-room where he received me spoke eloquently of the past. Over the mantelpiece was a fine engraving of the well-known picture depicting the stupendous scene at the opening of the sixth seal . . . In the corner was a Broadwood piano, which had seen its best days. The fingers of a former generation had word deep ruts in the ivory of the keys, the color had faded, and it was not in the best of tune, but the notes were still fairly true . . . I asked the veteran If he would favor me with an air, but he shook his head, and said he rarely played now . . .

"DEATHS", Daily Post (14 July 1913), 1

DENTITH. - On Sunday, July 13, 1913, at Hobart, Alfred J. Dentith, in the 85th year of his age. Funeral will arrive at Mortuary Chapel, Queenborough Cemetery, at 10.30 p.m. TO-MORROW (TUESDAY), 15th inst.

"PERSONAL", Daily Telegraph (18 July 1913), 5 

At Hobart last Sunday there passed away Mr. Alfred Jackson Dentith, who was Tasmania's oldest musician, and had reached the ripe age of 85 years. He was highly respected, both by the profession and a large circle of past pupils, many of whom have distinguished themselves in amateur and professional circles throughout the Commonwealth. He was born at Edge Hill, Liverpool, being the youngest son of John Dentith, a prominent bookseller of that city. His mother was the daughter of the famous Liverpool surgeon, Dr. Jackson. From early life his parents intended him for a musical career. He studied violin, pianoforte, harmony, and counterpoint with a prominent Liverpool musician, Mr. Aldridge, and later with Mr. Costa, afterwards Sir Michael Costa. The deceased also went to Hamburg, Germany, where he continued his studies for some years, with the eminent composers-pianist, Herr Jacob Schmidt, uncle of the late Carl Schmidt [Schmitt], who was a resident of Tasmania for some years, and a partner of Mr. Dentith's for a considerable period. With some friends, he came to Tasmania in the year 1852, the sailing vessel taking six months to accomplish the voyage. The deceased soon acquired a large practice at Hobart, and for many years his name was a household word in the South. He frequently gave violin recitals with the late Mr. F. A. Packer, whose songs and compositions have gained world-wide fame. He was organist of the Union Congregational Church for many years, and officiated in the same capacity for a lengthy period at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Hobart. He also led the orchestra for the late Martin Simonsen on his visits to Tasmania with his fine opera company. His wife pre-deceased him some two years ago. He leaves several sons and daughters, all of whom are grown up, amongst whom is Mrs. A. H. Bowden, of this city, who was trained as a teacher of music by her father quite early in life. His remains were laid to rest in Queensborough cemetery last Tuesday.

"MUSICAL", Examiner (17 August 1918), 8

Mrs. Alfred H. BOWDEN, who comes of a well-known and very musical family (the late Professor A. J. Dentith, who studied with Sir Michael Costa, and for some years at the Conservatoire of Music, Hamburg, being her father), lately decided to publish some of her musical works. The "Melody in A Flat," now on the market, is a simple, melodious composition for the piano, in ternary or song form. Part I is gentle, flowing, and attractive, while part II forms an excellent contract [sic] in its bright, rhythmic swing. The whole piece is well balanced, and being technically easy, will prove not only educational, but also a boon to young players on the look-out for a pleasing drawing-room piece.

"MUSIC & MUSICIANS. Mr. Frank Bowden. Hobart's Music in Earlier Days", The Mercury (29 August 1928), 8

"OBITUARIES", Examiner (22 December 1950), 4

MRS. MARY BOWDEN, who died at Scottsdale on Sunday, was for 45 years a successful teacher of music in Launceston and a noted composer. She was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Alfred Jackson Dentith, a well-known Hobart musician. For some time she was organist at the Union Chapel (now the Hobart Repertory Theatre). For 14 years she was organist at St. Andrew's Church, Launceston. Up to the time of her death, Mrs. Bowden received royalties for her compositions. Mrs. Bowden was the proud possessor of a letter written personally by the late Dame Nellie Melba, congratulating her on one of her songs, "The Laughing Cavalier." Mrs. Bowden was the first professional accompanist at the Launceston competitions in 1902, and she retained this position for five years. She was also pianist for the Musical Union conducted by the late Mr. J. H. Fray, F.N.I.C., a former organist of St. John's Church, Launceston. Since her husband's death in 1932, she had lived with her son-in-law, Mr. P. H. Fry, Scottsdale, and her sister, Miss Dentith. She had a family of one son (deceased) and four daughters - Mesdames David Gibson (deceased), P. H. Fry (deceased), J. C Macmichael (Hobart), and A. E. Pepper (Launceston). Private interment took place at Carr Villa Cemetery on Tuesday.

Bibliography and resources:

"DENTITH, ALFRED JACKSON", Libraries Tasmania

Musical works:

Ballade in D minor, op. 36 pianoforte solo by Mary Bowden (Mrs. Alfred H. Bowden) (To Frances Margorie Allen) (DIGITISED)

The dedicatee, Marjorie Allen (1910-1985), was a pupil of Bowden, and was in turn teacher of Peter Sculthorpe.

DERRINGTON, Edwin Henry (Edwin Henry DERRINGTON)

Amateur vocalist, journalist, politician

Born Birmingham, England, 1 July 1830; baptised Carr's Lane Independent meeting house, 15 August 1830, son of Edwin DERRINGTON and Susanna BUGGINS
Married (1) Elizabeth SHEAD (d. 1853), Birmingham, England, 1852
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by mid 1854
Married (2) Elizabeth Rosa EKERS, Walkerville, SA, 1 September 1855
Died Kensington Park, SA, 14 October 1899, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DERRINGTON, Rosa (Elizabeth Rosa EKERS; Rosa DERRINGTON; Mrs. Edwin Henry DERRINGTON)

Amateur vocalist, contralto

Born Exeter, England, 19 May 1837; baptised Holy Trinity, Exeter, 25 June 1837, daughter of William and Mary EKERS
Married Edwin Henry DERRINGTON, Walkerville, SA, 1 September 1855
Died Alberton, SA, 7 May 1911, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Deritend, Aston, Warwickshire; Uk National Archives, HO 107/2060 (PAYWALL)

Edwin Derrington / Head / 50 / Minister / [born] Warwickshire Birm.
Susannah Derrington / Wife / 49 / - / [Warwickshire Birm.] . . .
Edwin Henry [Derrington] / Son / 20 / Printer Compositor / [Warwickshire Birm.] . . .

"MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (8 September 1855), 1 Supplement 

On Saturday last, at St. Andrew's Church, Walkerville, by the Rev. G. H. Farr, Head Master of the Collegiate School of St. Peter's, Mr. E. H. Derrington to Rosa, second daughter of Mr. Wm. Ekers, formerly of Exeter, both of this city.

"HERR LINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (26 September 1855), 2-3 

. . . The most successful efforts of the evening, however, were the aria from "Elijah," "O, Rest in the Lord," sung by a lady amateur, Mrs. Derrington, with the most pleasing effect; the intonations of her voice, which is of exquisite sweetness, being well adapted to the character of the piece . . .

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (18 January 1856), 2 

A concert of the above Society took place yesterday at the Lefevre-terrace Chapel, North Adelaide . . . The attendance, we regret to say, was not very numerous, but no doubt to the gratification of the members, comprising some of the very influential inhabitants of that district. Previous to the more harmonious portion of the proceedings, an address to the audience was delivered by Mr. Derrington, whose zeal and energy on behalf of the Society cannot be too largely commended. His address, after commenting upon the many advantages to be derived from sacred harmonic societies, called attention to the want of members and subscribers in North Adelaide, and concluded by expressing a hope that that evening's meeting would be successful in obtaining the result for which it was started. At the termination of his address the speaker was vehemently applauded . . .

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Border Watch [Mount Gambier, SA] (12 August 1864), 2 

On Monday evening Mr. Derrington delivered in the National Schoolhouse a lecture on "Music and its Influences." He gave a rapid and comprehensive history of the rise and progress of music, pointing out its influence on national tastes and habits; next treating it as a domestic amusement, showing its power and influence over families and individuals, then as applied to the service of God, where it enabled the devout faithful to offer up to God the only fitting praise. The lecturer, assisted by several ladies and gentlemen, gave at the close of the lecture, a choice selection of musical pieces and songs, which were highly applauded . . .

"MOONTA CHORAL SOCIETY", Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser and Miners' and Farmers' Journal (23 February 1877), 2 

A meeting of the members of this Society was held in the Institute on Wednesday evening, for the transaction of business, Mr. Derrington presiding . . .

"DEATHS", The Express and Telegraph (16 October 1899), 2 

DERRINGTON. - On the 14th October, at his residence, Kensington Park, Edwin Henry Derrington, aged 69 years.

"DEATH OF MR. E. H. DERRINGTON. A CHEQUERED CAREER", South Australian Register (16 October 1899), 6 

. . . Mr. Derrington was an old colonist and a familiar figure during many years in South Australian public life, journalism, Civil Service, and other spheres of activity which afforded scope for his remarkable versatility. His career was a chequered one, and typical of the vicissitudes of Australian life. He was born in July, 1830, at Birmingham, and was the son of a clergyman, who is still alive and resident in that city. He worked as a compositor in his native place at the office of the principal daily paper, and early in his youth exchanged the typesetter's stick for the reporter's pencil. He married very young, and soon after the death of his first wife left England with the intention of proceeding to New Zealand, but landed in Melbourne, where he resided for some years. Obtaining an engagement in the "Argus" Office, he quickly rose to a responsible position on the literary staff of that paper, his duties including reporting in the Parliamentary gallery and contributing to the local "Punch," both in the literary and art departments. Eventually, however, he, removed to Adelaide, and secured employment in "The Register" Office, where during several years he distinguished himself in the literary department of the office. But his restless temperament impelled him to seek a change of occupation; and he chose that of a telegraph operator. He was appointed a telegraph station-master at Mount Gambier, where he was very successful in speculation, and amassed so much wealth as to be able to relinquish his post in the Civil Service . . .

"DEATHS", The Register (8 May 1911), 6 

DERRINCTON. - On the 7th May, at Alberton, Elizabeth Rosa, widow of the late Edwin Henry Derrington, of Kensington Park, aged 74 years.


See above Jane DAVIS

DE STORR, Madame (Madame de STORR; Madame Arthur de STORR)

Harpist, painter, artist

See Madame de STORR


Piano teacher, composer, traveller

See Charles de THIERRY

DETRICK, Francis (Francis DETRICK)

Master of the Band of H. M. 73rd Regiment

Band arrived with regiment in Sydney, NSW, 28/30 December 1809 / 1 January 1810 (per Dromedary, from Yarmouth, 8 May)
Band departed Sydney, NSW, 5/6 April 1814 (per General Hewett, for Colombo, Ceylon, 17 August) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATION: Band of the 73rd Regiment


Government and general orders . . . 30th April 1814; STATEMENTS of the COLONIAL, POLICE, and FEMALE ORPHAN INSTITUTION FUNDS, for the Quarter ending the 31st of March last, to be published for general Information . . .; Colonial Secretary's papers (Reel 6038; SZ758 p.489), State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

"GOVERNMENT and GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1814), 2

. . . Francis Detrick, Master of the Band of H. M. 73d Regiment, and seven other Musicians belonging to ditto, for performing sacred Music at the Church at Sydney, from the 1st of October, 1812, to 31st March, 1814. - 11 9 6

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Richardson, "Military music in the colony of New South Wales, 1788-1850", Musicology Australia 1/1 (1964), 5-9 (PAYWALL)

Robert Jordan, "Music and the military in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of Australian Colonial History 17 (July 2015), (1-22), 10;dn=428841963923204;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

DETTMER, William (William DETTMER)

Pianoforte maker, tuner, repairer; musical instrument maker

Born London, England, 15 June 1775; baptised St. Pancras Old Church, 2 July 1775, son of George and Ann DETTMER
Married (1) Mary BETTS (d. 1809), St. Anne, Soho, 6 February 1797
Married (2) Phillis (BETTS) HARPER (d. c. 1846), St. Marylebone, 29 November 1809
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 April 1849 (assisted, per Julindur, from Plymouth, 28 December 1848)
Died Windsor, NSW, 20 February 1858, aged 85 (for the last nine years in this colony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Also Dettmer pianos in Australia: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

JACKSON, John Dettmer Dodds (John DETTMER; John JACKSON; John Jackson DETTMER; John Dettmer Dodds JACKSON; J. D. D. JACKSON)

Piano tuner and repairer, music publisher, composer

Born St. Pancras, London, 31 July 1827; baptised Euston Street, 22 january 1828, son of John JACKSON (1805-1839) and Elizabeth DETTMER (c. 1803-1845)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 13 November 1848 (assisted immigrant per General Hewitt)
Active Hobart, TAS, by August 1850
Married May Ann FLEXMORE (1833-1901), Hobart, TAS, 19 July 1851
Died Beaconsfield, TAS, 18 April 1901, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

JACKSON, James Norris Newby (James Norris Newby JACKSON)

Pianoforte maker

Born St. Pancras, London 1831
Arrived Victoria, 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


William Dettmer was son of the pianoforte maker George Dettmer (b. c.1750; active London by c. 1800; d. 1833), and "son" and active partner in the firm George Dettmer and Son by c.1820, if not earlier.

In March 1828, six cases of pianofortes shipped by William Dettmer were landed at Sydney. In June 1839, William Dettmer's daughter (by his first wife, Mary Betts), the widowed Mrs. Caroline Green (b. London, 1803; d. Windsor, NSW, 1877) married Christopher Watkin May in St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney.

Having been in financial trouble since 1845, in December 1848 a fiat of bankruptcy was filed against him in London. That same month he sailed from England as an assisted emigrant on the Julindar, arriving in Sydney in April 1849, with two orphaned female grandchildren (Elizabeth Ann and Adelaide Jackson). They were sisters of William's grandson John Dettmer Dodds Jackson, who had arrived in Sydney 5 months earlier. A report on the Julindur immigrants duly records, among the "callings of the adult male immigrants . . . Pianoforte maker - 1". William was 73 at the time, but gave his age as 59 probably to ensure eligibility for assisted passage.

William was the "Dettmer senior" (to distinguish himself from grandson John) who appeared in Sydney advertisements for "George Dettmer and Son" from May 1849 onward. Whether he and John hoped to re-establish the Dettmer firm and brand in Sydney, they apparently failed to so do. John resettled in Tasmania in 1850, and William, described as a "musical instrument maker", was newly insolvent in Sydney in February 1851. He advertised again as a "pianoforte maker, tuner and repairer" in December 1856, but died at the Mays's house near Windsor not much more than a year later in February 1858.

John was son of William's daughter, Elizabeth Dettmer Jackson (1803-1845) and Dr. John Jackson (1805-1840). After Dr. Jackson died, Elizabeth advertised as a professor of music; after her death, all four of her children, two girls in the care of their grandfather William, settled in Australia. John, having presumably been trained by his grandfather during the early 1840s, was the first of the Jackson children to arrive in Sydney in November 1848.

John Dettmer, as he chose to call himself probably for business reasons, first advertised in Sydney in February 1849, as a piano tuner and repairer of the London firm of George Dettmer and Son, and two months later his grandfather William also arrived in Sydney with John's two sisters (John once described himself as George Dettmer's grandson, though actually great grandson; he was William's grandson, as John's death notice confirms).

John appeared in Maria Hinckesman's Farewell Concert in February 1849, in the character of MASSA SAMBO, singing:

(for the first time in this colony) some of the most popular Ethiopian Melodies (in character), and accompany himself on the "Banjo" an instrument unknown in this country.

A year after grandfather William's arrival, perhaps realising that in Sydney there was insufficient residual kudos associated with the name of Dettmer and too little business for the two of them, John relocated to Hobart, Tasmania, and set up in business as a tuner and repairer, first describing himself as "John Jackson from George Dettmer and Son", and later as John Jackson Dettmer, and ultimately John Dettmer Dodds Jackson.

In Launceston in November 1855, he advertised that he had published a local edition on Charles D'Albert's "celebrated" Como quadrilles. Jackson "professor of music" of Launceston, formerly of Hobart, who was before the court in December 1857 for failing to pay maintenance to his estranged wife. He also lived for a time in Beaconsfield. He was insolvent in 1862.

Back in Sydney in 1873, he placed an advertisement stating that he was "not in any way connected with persons of a similar name". Who was he trying to distance himself from? If a relative, perhaps it was his younger brother James Norris Newby Jackson, also formerly of the piano firm, and the last of the four siblings to emigrate, in his case to Victoria in 1854. James settled at on the goldfields (Maryborough and Talbot), describing himself on his children's birth-certificates as "pianoforte maker", but as a "restaurant keeper" when declared insolvent in March 1875.

In 1874 John sent a letter to the editor of the Herald recalling an encounter with Arthur Orton, the Tichborne claimant in Launceston in 1855, but identifying the missing heir instead as a Mr. or M. Soupere or Souper. He dealt with the same subject in a 47-page pamphlet, Sir Roger Tichborne revealed, published in 1885.

Many thanks for data supplied by Dettmer descendents Bill Piper (2013) and Tricia and Leigh Haines (2013), and by Robyn Lake (2015)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 March 1828), 1

NOTICE. - Landed from the Ship Albion, SIX CASES (supposed to be Pianofortes), marked GS, shipped at London by William Dettmer, and deliverable to Order, and ONE TRUNK, directed JOHN SMITH. Any Person, who can produce a sufficient Claim for the same, may apply to A. B. SPARK, George-street.

"Recent Patents", Newton's London journal of arts and sciences 6 (1831), 329-30

To WILLIAM DETTMER, of Upper Mary-le-bone Street, Fitzroy Square, in the county of Middlesex, pianoforte maker, for his invention of certain improvements on pianofortes. - [Sealed 30th August 1827 - ] . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 June 1839), 3

On Saturday last, by Special License, at St. Mary's Cathedral, Mr. Christopher Watkin May, of Windsor, to Mrs. Caroline Green, second daughter of William Dettmer, Esq., of Upper Marylebone Street, Fitzroy Square, London.

1841, England census, All Souls and Trinity, St. Marylebone, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107/675/4 (PAYWALL)

[Upper Marylebone L.] . . . William Dettmer / 65 / Piano Forte M[aker] / [born Middlesex]
Charlotte [Dettmer] / 20 / Teacher of Music / / [born Middlesex]
Elizabeth Jackson / 10 / - / [born Middlesex]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1848), 1

NOTICE. - John DETTMER, Pianoforte Tuner and Repairer from the firm of George Dettmer and Son, London, begs to state that he will tune and repair at very modest charges, combined with punctuality and prompt attention. 56, Pitt Street South.

[Notice], The London gazette (29 September 1848), 3568

JOHN SAMUEL MARTIN FONBLANQUE, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date the 17th day of January 1845, awarded and issued forth against William Dettmer, of No. 50, Upper Mary-le-bone-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Manufacturer, Dealer and Chapman, will sit on the 20th day of October next, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, in order to make a Dividend of the estate and effects of the said bankrupt . . .

[Notice], The London gazette 20926 (15 December 1848), 4562 

In the Matter of William Dettmer, of No. 50, Upper Maryle-bone-street, county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Manufacturer, against whom a Fiat in Bankruptcy was issued. THE creditors who have proved their debts under the above Fiat in Bankruptcy may receive their warrants for the Third Dividend of 4d. in the pound, any Thursday, between the hours of eleven and two, on application at my office, No. 3, Guildhall-chambers, London . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1849), 1

JOHN DETTMER, Pianoforte-maker, Tuner, Regulator and Repairer, grandson of George Dettmer, Patent Grand Cabinet and Square Pianoforte Manufacturer, London, begs to state that he tunes and repairs at very moderate charges, combined with prompt attention and punctuality. 56, Pitt-Street South.
Hammers re covered with material, &c., the same as in London.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1849), 3

MISS HINCKESMANN begs most respectfully to inform her friends and the public generally, that her
FAREWELL CONCERT (Prior to her leaving this colony by the Waterloo for England,)
Will take place at the above Theatre, ON FRIDAY NEXT, FEBRUARY 9,
On which occasion the following Vocal and Instrumental Performers have most kindly promised their gratuitous assistance: MADAME GAUTROT, (Who will be accompanied by Mons. Gautrot)
Mr. Smith, Mr. J. Smith. Several Amateurs.
Who will sing (for the first time in this colony) some of the most popular Ethiopian Melodies (in character),
and accompany himself on the "Banjo" an instrument unknown in this country . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1849), 1

PIANOFORTES. JOHN DETTMER, Square and Cabinet Pianoforte Maker, Tuner, Regulator, and Repairer, and grandson of George Dettmer, Patent Grand Cabinet and Square Pianoforte Manufacturer, London, begs leave to state that he tunes, regulates, and repairs (having every convenience) at charges very moderate, combined with prompt attention and punctuality. Hammers re-covered with material, &c., the same as in London. 56, Pitt-street South.

"IMMIGRANTS PER JULINDUR", New South Wales Government Gazette (5 April 1849), 611 

"IMMIGRANTS PER JULINDUR", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1849), 2

The callings of the adult male Immigrants, and the number of each calling, are as follows, viz.:- MALES . . . UNMARRIED . . . Piano Forte Makers - 1 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1849), 1

GEORGE DETTMER AND SON, Patent Grand Cabinet and Square Pianoforte Manufacturers (established fifty years in London), beg most respectfully to inform the gentry and public of Sydney and its environs, that having had many years' practical experience enables them to tune and repair in a superior manner.
G. Dettmer and Son, having sent a considerable number of instruments to the colony, solicit the patronage of tuning and repairing them. N.B.- Hammers re-covered with the new patent hammer cloth, which gives a more sweet and pleasant tone, and is far more durable.
51, HUNTER STREET. Orders received at Mr. Aldis's, Tobacconist, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1849), 3 

GEO. DETTMER AND SON most respectfully beg to inform the ladies and gentlemen of Liverpool, that on the 4th of June, Dettmer, sen., will be in the neighbourhood of Liverpool, to tune and repair pianofortes, having had 5O years practical experience, and all orders addressed to Mr. Sandon, at the Male Orphan Asylum, will be punctually attended to. N. B.-- All Orders for Sydney and neighbourhood during Dettmer Sen's absence to be addressed to 51 Hunter Street, or Mr. Aldis, tobacconist, George Street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1849), 1 

DETTMER AND SON (Piano-forte makers, from London) respectfully inform the ladies and gentlemen of Parramatta, Windsor, and Richmond, that Mr. Dettmer, sen., will be in Parramatta the latter part of this week, to tune and repair piano-fortes, and will thence proceed to Windsor and Richmond. Parties requiring his services will please to address their orders, pre-paid, to Mr. D., at Mr. McKay's Hotel, Parramatta, and Mr. Carter's, (late Coffey), Windsor, which will be punctually attended to. 51, Hunter-street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1850), 1

GEORGE W. DETTMER, PIANO-FORTE MAKER, from London, respectfully begs to inform the ladies' and gentlemen of Parramatta, Windsor, Richmond, and neighbourhood, that he intends being in Windsor on the 28th instant, to tune and repair pianofortes, and solicits a continuance of their patronage.
Parties requiring Mr. D.'s services, will please to address their orders, post-paid, to Mr. MACKAY's, Parramatta, and Mr. KEDGE's, Windsor.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1850), 1 

G. DETTMER AND SON, 5, JAMISON STREET, PIANOFORTE MAKERS, (From London), RESPFCTFULLY return their sincere thanks for the liberal support they have received since their arrival in the colony, in Tuning and Repairing Pianos, and beg to solicit the continuance of their patronage, having been engaged upwards of fifty years in the manufacturing of Pianofortes Pianofortes tuned and repaired in a superior style, on liberal terms, also, bought and sold on commission. N. B. - Parties desirous of importing their own Instruments will find it to their advantage to do so through the agency of G. Dettmer and Son.


On a former day, the above gentleman applied for his certificate upon the usual affidavits, under what is generally known as the "rider" to the Insolvent Act, the 10th Vic., No. 14. The Court then made a conditional order, that he would get his certificate to-day, provided that no opposition be made thereto, and upon due advertisement of his intention to apply again to-day. Mr. Broadhurst now, for the insolvent, moved that the above conditional order be made absolute. He read an affidavit showing that the requisite advertisements had been made.

Mr. Pite, in person, as the agent for the assignees of the English bankrupt estate of one Dettmer, who were creditors, proposed to show cause. Mr. Broadhurst objected, contending that Mr. Pite was not himself a creditor of the estate of Ellard, and could not be heard. If, as agent of Dettmer, he sought to he heard, then he (Mr. Broadhurst) would contend that by Dettmer's presence in the colony the agency of Pite was done away with. Besides, an agent, under the Insolvent Act, could not address the Court in person, but only through the intervention of counsel.

. . . His Honor said he was of opinion that Mr. Pite could not be heard in person, as he had failed to show that, under the Insolvent Acts referred to in the section in question, an agent of a creditor could address the Supreme Court in person; but as no doubt this decision had come upon Mr. Pite by surprise, he exercising his discretion would further adjourn the case until next Wednesday, in order that the assignees of Dettmer's estate might be properly represented in Court. The Court then adjourned.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1850), 1 

NOTICE. - GEORGE DETTMER and SON, Piano Forte Makers, from London, respectfully inform the ladies and gentlemen of Newcastle and neighbourhood, that Mr. D., Senior, intends visiting that part of the colony next week, for the purpose of tuning and repairing Pianos in a superior style, having been engaged in manufacturing Pianos upwards of 50 years. N.B. - All orders addressed, prepaid, to G. Dettmer, Post-Office, Newcastle, will be punctually attended to.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [Maitland, NSW] (10 July 1850), 3 

. . . respectfully inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Maitland and neighbourhood that it is Mr. D's., senior, intention of visiting that part of the colony (as Soon as his engagements are completed in Newcastle) . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (16 August 1850), 4

JOHN JACKSON. Pianoforte Maker and Tuner. FROM George Dettmer & Son, Upper Marylebone Street, London, BEGS most respectfully to inform the gentry and public of Hobart Town, and its vicinity, that he TUNES, REGULATES, and REPAIRS PIANOFORTES, and every description of MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, at moderate charges, combined with prompt attention and punctuality. Collins-street, second door from Murray-street, at Pulleyn's Fancy Toy Bazaar. August 16, 1850.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press [Bathurst, NSW] (15 February 1851), 5

Pianoforte Tuning. GEORGE DETTMER & SON, late of Marylebone-street, London, Pianoforte Manufacturers, established 50 years, respectfully inform the ladies of Bathurst and surrounding neighbourhood, that it is the intention of Mr. D. Sen.; as soon as he has completed his engagements at the Hunter River, to visit Bathurst, where Mr. D. will undertake to repair the mechanism and tune Pianos of any description, in a superior manner.
N.B. - All orders addressed to Mr. Rotton, of the Queen Victoria Hotel, will be punctually attended to.
Residence in Sydney, No 5. Jamison-street.

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1851), 3

William Dettmer, of Jamison-street, Sydney, musical instrument maker. Amount of liabilities, £410. Assets-value of personal property, £6; outstanding debts, £2 6s. Amount of deficiency, £401 14s. Mr. William Perry, Official Assignee.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 March 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (23 August 1851), 4 

Notice. GEO. W. DETTMER, PIANO-FORTE MAKER, FROM LONDON, Established 50 years, RESPECTFULLY informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Goulburn and surrounding districts, that he has arrived in this part of the Colony for the purpose of Tuning and Repairing the Mechanism of Piano-Fortes, in a superior manner. All Orders, addressed, post paid, to MANDELSON'S HOTEL, punctually attended to. N.B. Residence in SYDNEY, removed from No. 5, Jamieson-street, to No. 9, Bridge-street.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 May 1852), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 September 1854), 1

MUSICAL. JOHN DETTMER JACKSON, Practical Pianoforte and Musical Instrument Maker, Tuner, &c. *.* Every description of musical instruments tuned and repaired. Orders to be left at Mr. Duthie's, Stationer, Brisbane-street.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (22 November 1855), 3

COMO QUADRILLES by d'Albert. Price 4s. Jackson, Pianoforte-maker, Patterson-street, Launceston.

"COMO QUADRILLES", Launceston Examiner (24 November 1855), 2

We have received a copy of D'Albert's celebrated Como Quadrilles, published by Mr. John Dettmer Jackson, of Patterson Street. They have been very distinctly lithographed and will no doubt prove an agreeable addition to Colonial Quadrille libraries.

"COMO QUADRILLES", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 December 1855), 4

We have received a copy of these very interesting and delightful quadrilles, by D' Albert, now so much enquired for. They are the most charming set we have ever heard: they are published by Jackson, Patterson-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1856), 8

"MAINTENANCE", The Hobart Town Mercury (4 December 1857), 3

Mrs. Jackson, the wife of Mr. Jackson formerly professor of music in this city, and now carrying on the same profession in Launceston, appeared before the bench and called upon her husband to show cause why he should not allow her a maintenance. Mr. Jackson had left his wife between two or three years ago, just after the birth of her second child, and had never communicated with her or contributed anything towards her and her children's maintenance since. Had it not been for Mrs. Jackson having a refuge in her father's house she and her children would have been utterly destitute. Mr. Jackson did not deny the facts; but stated that there was a good home for his wife in Launceston if she thought fit to come. He admitted that he had never asked her to do so, and that he had never allowed her to know where be resided. The bench ordered Mr. Jackson to allow his wife the sum of thirty shillings per week, for the maintenance of herself and his two children.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1858), 1

On the 20th instant, at Tempe, near Windsor, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. C. W. May, after a lingering illness, Mr. William Dettmer, many years a pianoforte manufacturer, Marylebone-street, London, and for the last nine years in this colony, aged 85 years.

"DEATH OF MR. DETTMER", Northern Times [Newcastle, NSW] (24 February 1858), 2 

This gentleman, so well known in Maitland and Newcastle as a pianoforte tuner, departed this life on the 20th instant, at Tempe, near Windsor, at the residence of his son-in-law Mr. C. W. May. Mr. Dettmer had reached the advanced age of eighty-five. He was an excellent tradesman, and was moreover distinguished for his good, humane, and other estimable social qualities. Mr. Dettmer, when young, stood on Blackfriar's Bridge, London, and saw the first batch of convicts pass over on their way to found this colony. Many people in Maitland and elsewhere will regret the untimely demise of this cheerful and agreeable old gentleman.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1858), 1 

In the Supreme Court of Now South Wales. Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. In the Will of WILLIAM DETTMER, late of Bridge-street, Sydney, in the colony of New South Wales, and afterwards of Tempe, Pitt Town, in the said colony, pianoforte maker, deceased. NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to the Honorable the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, that Probate of the Will of the above named William Dettmer, deceased, may be granted to William King, of Market-street, Sydney, in the said colony, pianoforte maker, the sole executor named in and appointed by the said will, Dated of this twenty-fourth day of February, 1858. WILLIAM WALKER, proctor for the said executor, George-street, Windsor.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (5 July 1862), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 November 1867), 1

ROYAL VISIT MUSIC . . . Jackson's Brave Boys Brave Galop, 3s . . . JUST Published, beautifully illustrated in colours. THE BRAVE BOYS BRAVE; a Welcome Galop to the Galatea, by J. D. Jackson, price 3s. ELVY and CO.

"NEW GALOP", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (19 November 1867), 2

A new galop, under the somewhat singular tide of "Brave Boys Brave," has been published by Mr. J. D. D. Jackson - well-known here - as a welcome to the Galatea, and has become popular in Sydney in a very short space of time. It is written in the key of four sharps, and is a spirited composition, which although short, answers equally well for its nominal purpose and as a Galop de Concert. It is illustrated by a design of his own, showing him in the double character of draughtsman and composer. A few copies of the galop have, we understand, been received by Mr. Gregory, at the Clarence River Stores.

BRAVE BOYS, BRAVE. - Why must the Welcome Galop to the Galatea, by J. D. JACKSON, be better than all other pieces of music published in honor of the Royal visit? Because it is very pretty, and well anchored (encored). - See Title Page. - Punch.

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 December 1867), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1873), 9

"SIR ROGER TICHBORNE. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1874), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (12 March 1875), 5

James Norris Jackson, of Talbot, restaurant keeper. Causes of insolvency - Depression in trade and great competition since commencing business. Liabilities £117 15s. 2d.; assets £65, deficiency, £82 15s. 2d. Mr. P. Virtue, jun., assignee.

[Advertisement], Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (6 July 1895), 2 

TUNING AND PRESERVATION OF PIANOS. W. J. R. JACKSON, successor to J. D. D. Jackson, pianoforte maker, is now in Newcastle. Orders addressed to 26 Bruce-street, Cook's Hill, Newcastle.

"DEATHS", Examiner (24 April 1901), 1

JACKSON. - On the 18th April, at the Beaconsfield Cottage Hospital, John Dettmer Dodds, eldest son of the late Dr. John Jackson, also grandson of the late William Dettmer Esq., piano-forte manufacturer, London, England, aged 73 years.

"Obituary", Examiner (24 April 1901), 5 

The death is announced at Beaconsfield, at the advanced age of 73 years, of Mr. John Dettmer Dodds Jackson, eldest son of the late Dr. John Jackson, and grandson of the late William Dettmer, pianoforte manufacturer, of London. Deceased was a very old colonist. Like his grandfather, he followed the calling of pianoforte manufacturer. For many years in the early days he lived at Hobart. In the 60's he came to Launceston, and carried on business here in York-street. Subsequently he went to Sydney, where he managed for a leading firm. As he advanced in years Mr. Jackson came to Tasmania, and his closing days were spent in the care of his daughter, Mrs. Henry Hudson, of Beaconsfield. His death will revive many old memories, especially as regards the Tichborne case, it being a cardinal point of his faith that a Devonport schoolmaster named Suker was the real claimant. In fact, the reopening of the enquiry is ascribed to the interest taken by Mr. Jackson.

"EXCHANGE AND MART", The World's News (27 July 1918), 22 

Wanted to purchase, pianola roller music, for a 65 instrument. W. J. R. Jackson, Palmer Street, Watsons Bay, Sydney.

Musical works:

Brave boys, brave: welcome galop to the Galatea by J. D. D. Jackson (Sydney: Elvy & Co, [1867]) [for the visit of Alfred, duke of Edinburgh] (DIGITISED)

Literary works:

J. D. D. Jackson, Sir Roger Tichborne revealed! (Sydney: H. Garforth, Printer, 1885) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Robyn Annear, The man who lost himself: the unbelievable story of the Tichborne claimant (Text Publishing, 2011), 195-6 (PREVIEW)

Dettmer-23, Jackson=7029 Jackson-7031, Wikitree 

William Dettmer, Find a grave 

John Dettmer Dodds Jackson, Find a grave 

James Norris Newby Jackson, Find a grave 

George Dettmer and Son; Kellawayhouse 

Dettmer and Betts; Kellawayhouse

Jackson; Kellawayhouse


Violin maker (by appointment to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, 1868)

Born London, c. 1815, son of John DEVEREUX and Sarah CALE
Married Mary Ann KENNEDY (d. VIC, 1874), c. 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Died Melbourne, VIC, 9 August 1883, aged 73 (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)

DEVEREUX, John Robert (John Robert DEVEREUX; John DEVEREUX, junior; DEVERAUX [sic])

Professional musician, violinist

Born London, England, 18 January 1845; baptised St. Martin in the Fields, 1 October 1845, son of John DEVEREUX and Mary KENNEDY (d. VIC, 1874)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854 (with parents)
Died (suicide) Carlton, VIC, February 1874, aged 29 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Devereux was born in the London parish of St. Giles in the Fields, Camden, probably around 1815, according to the details he gave in the 1841 census and in the 1872 Herald profile below. A plasterer by trade, in 1841 he was living with his wife, Mary Ann Higginson, at Charing Cross, in the parish of St. Martin in the fields. Their only surviving child, John Robert Devereux was born there in 1845.

According to their respective Victorian death certificates, the Devereuxs arrived in Melbourne in 1853 or 1854. John senior is the first positively documented in the colony, in November 1856, exhibiting 2 doubles basses and several violins at the Victorian Industrial Exhibition. John Robert Devereaux, junior, was active professionally as a second violinist in the Lyster Opera Company in May 1867.

According to the 1872 profile, Devereux "learnt his business" from the London violin maker Joseph Panormo (c, 1768-1837), son and succesor of Vincent Panormo, and later in the workshops of the "Fendt family". Devereux is usually supposed to have worked for Bernard Simon Fendt the younger (1801-1852), though no independent contemporary documentation has been identified to show this. Nevertheless, several double basses of English provenance have been attributed to Devereux.

As to his Australian productions, one of the two double basses he exhibited at the 1856 exhibition perhaps survives in the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney. According to a much later recollection (1928), in 1861 he produced a complete quartet of instruments (violin, viola, cello, and bass), the first such made in Australia, for Henry Gover.

In 1867-68, the violinists Nicholas La Feuillade and Barnett Levy both reportedly played his instruments. Among other noted colonial musicians said to have owned or used Devereux instruments were Henry Curtis, George Weston, and Ernest Jager.

It was much later reported that Richard Gilmore (c. 1839-1884), who also made bagpipes, made several violins under Devereux's tutelage.


1841, English census; London, St. Martin in the Fields, Charring Cross, page 22; UK National Acrhives HO 107 / 739 / 1 (PAYWALL)

Longs Court / John Devereux / 25 / Plasterer / [born in same county]
Mary Ann [Devereux] / 25 / [born in same county]

1851, 30 March, English census; St. Giles in the Fields; UK National Acrhives HO 107 / 1508 (PAYWALL)

No. 27 Little St. / Andrew St. / 10 / John Devereux / Head / 36 / Musical instrument maker / [born] St. Giles
Mary Devereux / Wife / 37 / Wife & do. [Musical instrument maker] / Wandsworth, Surrey
John Devereux / Son / 6 / Scholar / St Martins West . . .


. . . Mr. John Devereux, of 16 Marion street, Collingwood (late of London), gains the large silver medal for a double-bass, a copy of that of Gaspar de Sarto [Salo], with improved tension bar. Mr. Devereux also exhibits a copy of Dragonetti's double-bass, and of several celebrated violins.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1861), 8 

JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN, Violoncello and Double Bass MAKER, 18 Marion-street, Fitzroy-street, Collingwood. Bands provided.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1867), 8 


"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 June 1867), 2 

The name of the maker of the two colonial violins used by Mr. La Feuillade, is Mr. Devereux and not Devero as stated in our last, of Collingwood. The bed of one is made of American maple, and of the other colonial blackwood. The former has, of course, the finest grain, but the latter is by far the handsomest; it is beautifully polished, and the grain cut crosswise resembles a plaid ribbon.

[News], The Argus (15 January 1868), 5 

Mr. John Devereux of Fitzroy had an interview with His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, before his departure from the colony, and presented him with a beautiful violin of his own manufacture. His Royal Highness expressed himself much pleased with his present and listened attentively to Mr. Devereux's instructions relative to the pegs of the instrument, an invention of the maker. These are ingeniously constructed so as to prevent the slips which pegs of the old fashioned pattern were liable to. The presentation fiddle is a copy of an old Italian instrument and was made out of a very handsome piece of sycamore wood. It is fitted with a chin-holder, which enables the performer to shift his hand without fear of the instrument slipping away.

Another invention is a tension bar in the inside, running from block to block, thereby strengthening it greatly and preventing it getting out of tune, changes of weather not affecting it in the slightest degree. His Royal Highness was pleased to appoint Mr. Devereux as his instrument maker in the colony, and promised that the necessary appointment should be forwarded from home. Mr. Devereux received the gold medal at the late Intercolonial Exhibition, for samples of his exceptional industry.

[News], The Argus (11 June 1868), 5

The following tradesmen who received appointments from His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, during his stay in Melbourne, have had their formal letters-patent delivered by the mail: - Mr. Robert U. Miller, of Collins-street, confectioner; Mr. T. K. Bennet, of Bourke-street, butcher; Mr. J. Devereux, violin-maker; and Mr. H. Watts, Bourke-street, perfumer to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh.

"COLONIAL VIOLINS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 December 1868), 2 

We were shown yesterday two violins manufactured by Mr. Devereux, of Melbourne, which certainly reflect the highest credit upon the maker. One of them is made of black wood, and is a very presentable instrument. Both have been bought by Mr. Monaghan and Mr. Evans for L17 each; and these gentlemen are highly, pleased with the tone of the violins, which are fitted with patent pegs and patent bars, invented by Mr. Devereux. Mr. Devereux's violins are superseding the English articles in the market, and have been used by such musical gentlemen as Levy, of the Theatre Royal, and N. La Feuillade. Mr. Devereux, as will be recollected, presented one of his violins to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, who was extremely pleased with it.

"THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (4 January 1869), 2 

Mr. Devereux, of Melbourne, has recently manufactured two violins of excellent tone, fitted with patent pegs and bars, which have been purchased by two gentlemen of Sandhurst for £17 each. Mr. Devereux's instruments have received the approval of first-class violinists and are said to be superseding the English manufacture in this market.

"A NEW INDUSTRY. COLONIAL VIOLINS", The Herald (17 August 1872), 3 

It may not be generally known that there resides near Melbourne a man who, having studied at his art for a long lifetime, has been successful in producing, chiefly out of colonial wood, violins and other stringed instruments of exquisite tone, finish, and color. As this, person, John Devereux by name, is the only maker in Victoria, a few particulars may be interesting to show how colonial wood can be utilised, and what skilled artizans, even in the most difficult trades, exist in our midst.

Born in the city of London fifty-seven years ago, Devereux learnt his business from a celebrated Italian maker, named Joseph Panormo, whose instruments are known over the world, and in the manufactory of the well-known Fendt family, of London, also great makers. After having thoroughly mastered its various branches, he was obliged, in consequence of ill-health, to sail for these shores, where he arrived nearly eighteen years ago. The musical portion of the then small population was extremely limited, and, although a master of his art, Devereux was obliged to pursue another vocation. Musical tastes, however, began to develop as population increased, and he at last commenced his old work, viz., violin making. After many difficulties, such as procuring the necessary wood fitted to give a good external appearance, combined with quality of tone, &c., he has succeeded in making instruments of which all Victorians should be prond as having been made in this colony, and in numerous instances of colonial wood.

It may seem presumptuous to say, but the fact is true nevertheless, that these instruments are superior in tone and quality to those of the old Italian masters. It has been frequently our lot to hear the violins of the great Paolo Magini, Nicholas Amati, and Straduarius, and we hold to the opinion that the instruments made by Devereux are far richer in tone, and in all those peculiarities which have tended to make the violin the "king of instruments." This opinion is considerably strengthened by the fact that nearly all the leading performers in this and the neighboring colonies play on Devereux's instruments, although possessed in numerous instances of those made by the "great masters." This is a matter of fact beyond doubt, and not more hearsay. The artistic coloring of the instruments is admirable, and how eagerly amateurs and professionals seek after good coloring is well known. A generally admitted fact was that it required many years to produce "mellowness of tone" even in the instruments made by great artistes, but, by what magic we know not, this colonial maker can and has produced instruments having that important requirement, with many others, when but fresh from his hands. They also contain a patent bar which enables a volume of rich and clear sound to be emitted that enthrals the attention of the listener. One of the great drawbacks that a violinist has to contend with, amongst many others, is the slipping of the pegs. This difficulty has been overcame by the aid of patent pegs, by the same maker, that cannot possibly slip whence once put in their proper place. These pegs are a great acquisition, because the strings do not then give way, a very desirable consideration in a performance. There is also a patent mute affixed, by pressing which the sound can be diminished or increased at the will of the player. No doubt the great success which has attended the efforts of this maker are due in some measure to the various degrees of thickness of the wood employed in manufacture, exact proportions and sentiment being always kept strictly in view; but of course there are other requisites of which we are not in a position to speak. The secrets of the studio cannot be penetrated.

Whilst listening to the lovely violin passages which occur in many of the operas lately given in Melbourne, the audience were probakly not aware that those dulcet tones came from instruments made in this colony by the maker of whom we have spoken. For instance, in the opera of "The Huguenots," the tenor sings a lovely air, accompanied solely by the viola (or tenor violin), and opera-goers mny remember Mr. Beaumont's fine rendering of that air, with the accompaniment excellently played by Mr. John Devereux, jun., upon an instrument made by his father in this colony. It was the opinion of the late talented musician, George Loder, who was also a thorough judge of violins, that the instruments made by Devereux would, after the maker's decease, become of the highest value. We cordially endorse that opinion, and may add that those instruments are now most valuable, and can only regret that their extraordinary merits are but here too poorly praised.


"VIOLINS", Bendigo Advertiser (26 October 1872), 2 

It is not everybody who knows, or could even guess, the intrinsic value of a really first-class violin. La Feuillade, who ought to be as good an authority on this matter as anyone in the world, values his "old fiddle" at £80. There are violins in Melbourne, one or two, over 100 years old, and they are thought to be worth at least a pound for every year of their existence, for the older a fiddle made by a good maker is, the better it is. The best violin maker in this country La Feuillade says, is Devereaux of Fitzroy, and this gentleman can turn out a violin equal to any in the world. La Feuillade's celebrated fiddle is made by John Devereaux, and we all know what a splendid toned one it is.


Musical instruments have no recognised place in the catalogue, according to the system of classification adopted, yet there are several exhibited . . . Mr. John Devereux shows four violins, concerning which it is sufficient to say that his name is a guarantee for their quality. At present we do not know how these are to be judged . . .

[Funeral notice], The Argus (28 February 1874), 12

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN ROBERT DEVEREUX are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from his late residence, No. 1 Cornwall-terrace, Canning-street, Carlton, on Sunday, March 1, at 3 o'clock p.m. N.B. - The band of the Order of United Musicians are requested to attend. JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring streets, Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (28 February 1874), 7 

The city coroner (Dr. Youl) held an inquest on Friday, at Carlton, on the body of a man named Robert Devereux, aged 29 years, Margaret Devereux, wife of the deceased, stated that he had been very ill of late. On the 26th inst. he went out for a walk, and stayed away about two hours. When he came home he eat some arrowroot. About 5 o'clock a person called to see the deceased, and she went to look for him. He was found in the water-closet. The deceased was bleeding from a wound in the stomach. A carving-knife was lying on the floor beside him. Witness did not know of any reason for the deceased committing suicide. The deceased looked very wild at times. She had lived happily with her husband since she was married. John Devereux, father of the deceased, said his son was a professor of music, and had been married only about two months. He did not drink. The deceased bad been suffering from pain and dizziness in the head. The deceased had lent out his money and was in some anxiety about it, but he did not want for money. James Hore, a musician, said he was sent for on the afternoon of the 26th inst. to see the deceased. He found him dying from a wound in the stomach. The deceased said to his wife, "Oh, I am no man," and that every one had a down upon him. A doctor was sent for, but the deceased was dead before he arrived. The jury found that the deceased killed himself with a carving-knife while of unsound mind.

"MELBOURNE", Geelong Advertiser (28 February 1874), 3

A melancholy case of suicide in which the victim was a lately married violinist, named Devereaux, belonging to the Prince of Wales Opera House, took place yesterday, at Carlton. The deceased, who had been in low spirits for some few days past, was discovered in a water-closet adjoining his residence in a dying condition, the result of a stab in the abdomen. A carving knife which had been the instrument used lay near him, and the floor of the place was covered with blood. Before medical assistance could arrive life was extinct.

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 December 1874), 1 

DEVEREUX.- On the 26th inst., at her residence, 15 Marion street, Fitzroy, Mary Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. John Devereux, violin maker, aged 59 years.

"DEATHS", The Australian Sketcher (27 August 1883), 166

Devereux. - On the 9th inst, at the Benevolent Asylum, Hotham, Mr. John Devereux, late of Marion-street, Fitzroy, violin-maker, aged 73 years.

"BURIED", The Brisbane Courier (5 December 1883), 3

BURIED from Melbourne Benevolent Asylum, John Devereux, aged 73, native of London, and a famous violin maker. The Duke of Edinburgh, George Weston, Curtis, Jager, Zeplin, Riley, Lilley, Weiderman, Peters, and others, all use instruments made by the poor old fellow.

"JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN MAKER. TO THE EDITOR", The Age (5 November 1928), 10 

Sir, - It is time that some acknowledgment was made of the work of a famous violin maker who honored Melbourne with his presence in the sixties in the last century. John Devereux lived in Fitzroy when the majority of his work was accomplished. He had been a London maker, where he apparently was well known and his work appreciated. The late Duke of Edinburgh was one of his patrons. His violins are becoming rare here. They have probably found their way back to London and perhaps New York. He was one of the finest workmen at violin making who ever lived. His work is on the same plane as Stradavarius. He was quite original in his ideas. He conceived the idea of putting a lateral bar in his violins not as is sometimes stated to strengthen his violins, but to enhance the sonority. He succeeded in accomplishing his object. The secret died with him.

There is a slander current that the wood of his violins was too thin, and this bar was to prevent them collapsing. This is not true. There is, as a matter of fact, plenty of timber in them. The late Mr. Nicholas la Feuillade used several of Devereux's fiddles at his orchestras. Many of your readers may remember la Feuillade at nigger minstrel shows. He was a great spirit, and I believe a personal friend of Devereux. Mr. Henry Curtis, violinist, will remember Devereux. The writer was recently shown a portrait of a quintet of instruments made by Devereux, and one of the violins was held by Master Hy. Curtis.

The tone and varnish of the violin leave nothing to be desired, and they are destined to rank with the greatest violins of the world.

It seems strange that Melbourne should not have done something to commemorate the work of this great man. I would suggest that the trustees of the National Museum should obtain one of Devereux's violins and place it on exhibition in the gallery. - Yours, &c., A. de CHIMAY, 31 Queen-street, 3rd Nov.

"JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN MAKER", The Age (12 November 1928), 9

In a letter regarding John Devereux, violin maker, Mr. A. de Chimay states that there are some spurious instruments which bear the name of John Devereux, but not the real Iabel. Referring to the comments that the sound bar running laterally through Devereux's violins is not a new idea, the writer says he is not aware of any case where such bar has been used with such marked response in the sonority of tone - Mr. de Chimay has two small planes used by Devereux in making his violins, and is willing to donate them to the Public Library.

A letter from Mr. R. W. Bickett, of Ballarat, says that some time in the sixties Mr. Devereux presented Mr. W. Gooch (Mrs. Bickett's father) with a violin of his own make, and it passed into the hands ot his daughter, Mrs. C. Trewartha, now residing in Mildura. Mr. Walter Gude, the conductor, had a great admiration for the instrument. Mr. Bickett has found on the back of an old photograph the following information:- "These instruments were made by John Devereux in 1861 for Mr. Gover, being the first quartet ever made in the colonies with the fourth string, double bass, with colonial wood.


Double bass, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1856]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1869]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Viola, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1869]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1871]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, [Melbourne]; National Museum of Australia, Canberra 


Medallion, awarded to John Devereux, Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia, 1866-67; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Bibliography and resources:

James Fleming, The fiddle fancier's guide . . . (London, Haynes, Foucher & Co., 1892), 156 

Devereux, John, Melbourne. Contemporary. This is the only maker in Australia whose name I have seen. He formerly worked for B. S. Fendt. He certainly had a splendid guide.

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 247 

Allan Coggins and Michael Lea, "Making it down under", The Strad 115/1371 (July 2004), 712-17

Michael Lea, "By Appointment . . .John Devereux - Australia's first professional stringed instrument maker", Australiana 30/2 (May 2008), 11-17 

Allan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (Blackheath, 2009), 68-71

Thomas Martin, Martin Lawrence and George Martin, The English double bass (Arpeggio Publishing, 2018)

DE VIVO, Diego (Diego DE VIVO; Signor DE VIVO)

Agent, operatic manager (manager of Ilma di Murska)

Born Sarno, Italy, 8 January 1822
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 22 July 1875 (R.M.S. City of Melbourne, from San Francisco, 21 June)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 11 April 1876 (per Albion, for Dunedin, NZ)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 16 January 1880 (per R.M.S. Australia, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 2 November 1882 (per City of Sydney, for San Francisco)
Died New York, USA, 11 August 1898, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News] The Argus (28 July 1875), 4

We note the arrival in Melbourne of Signor D. de Vivo, the business manager of Mdlle. Ilma di Murska, who will follow in a few days. Signor de Vivo has brought with him from America Mr. Charles E. Pratt, pianist, and Signer Giammona, solo flautist. It is intended to give a series of grand concerts in the Melbourne Town-hall, beginning early in the ensuing month, when the great artiste Di Murska, of world-wide renown, will make acquaintance, for the first time, with the Melbourne audience. The professional support necessary to the requirements of these entertainments will be selected from local talent.

ASSOCIATIONS: Antonio Giammona

"SHIPPING", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 July 1875), 31

July 22 . . . R.M.S. City of Melbourne, 680 tons, Brown, from San Francisco 21st June. Passengers - From San Francisco: Madame Ristori, Miss Ristori, Miss Geoh, Madame Gech, Madame Gech, Miss Z. Royer, Miss C. Rossinoli, Mdlle. de Hamal, Miss V. Costitia, Mdlle. de Stefania, Madame Mozzindolf, Miss Ballam, Madame Majeroni and child, Madame De Murska, Miss K. Melville and maid. Miss Hereskoy, Mrs. Booker, Mrs. Uttlev, Signor Ristori, Signor Ristori, jun., Signor Magoroni, P. A. Pringle, M. Bellise, M. de Andria, L. Tragina, Signor Giammoni [sic], T. Titus, O. Pratt, S. Stockholm, S. Darwella, A. Mildmay, E. M. Long, Miss Rook, B. Sobtle, M. Mabier, G. Glech, Aliotti, P. Veniul, M. Piddga, C. Schiggi, M. Morianni, M. Molifi, M. Verdi, F. Pengard, J. Mears, Mr. H. Seppard, Count Nugent, D. de Vivo, E. Ellis, and 13 in the steerage.

"THE OPERA", The Argus (18 March 1876), 8

We shall not probably hear any more of Signor de Vivo after this, and we may not allow him to part from us without a word in recognition of his good qualities. He has been fortunate in having to manage the business of the most gifted vocalist who has ever been here, but then he has managed it in such a way as shows that he is worthy of the association. If it were permissible to call business managers artists, we might apply that term to Signor De Vivo. The audience here are to a large extent indebted to him for their late enjoyment, and he owes to them such a measure of success as he never anticipated when he first started for Melbourne. When such high contracting parties separate with mutual expressions of satisfaction, it may be taken for granted that "business" has been well conducted. All the credit which belongs to this aspect of the case is due to Signor D. de Vivo, and he will be welcome again to Melbourne if at any future time he will do as well for us in the way of art-music as he has been able to do during the last six months.

[News], The Argus (12 April 1876), 4

Mdlle. de Murska and her company left Melbourne yesterday morning by the steamer Albion, which parted from Sandridge pier at 11 o'clock. The company consisted of the prima donna, Signor Rosnati, Signor Susini, Signor Giammona, and Mr. John Hill. Signor De Vivo was, in this instance, as in all others affecting the business interests of the troupe, the generalissimo.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ferante Rosnati; John Hill

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1880), 5

We are informed that Signor de Vivo, who will be remembered as the agent of Ilma de Murska, left San Francisco for Australia in the present month. He comes to make arrangements for the Australian tour of the Carlotta Patti Company.

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 January 1880), 35

January 16 . . . R.M.S. Australia, 3000 tons, Captain Cargill, from San Francisco, Honolulu, and Auckland. Passengers . . . Mr. D. de Vivo . . .

"The Theatres", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (31 July 1880), 187

A new season of opera was commenced at the Opera-house on the 15th July under the joint management of Mr. W. S. Lyster and Signor De Vivo. Meyerbeer's "L'Africaine" was produced with success for three nights, under the baton of M. Charles Van Ghele.

"THE MONTAGUE-TURNER OPERA COMPANY", The Argus (18 March 1882), 11

The orchestra of the Montague Turner Company is under the able direction of M. Leon Caron, and the business management in the experienced hands of Signor D. de Vivo, who will arrive here by the Mero on the 22nd inst.

"CLEARANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1882), 6

November 2. R.M.S. City of Sydney, 3017 tons, Captain Dearborn, for San Francisco via Auckland and Honolulu. Passengers - For San Francisco . . . Signor De Vivo . . .

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

"SNAP SHOTS", Freeman's Journal (22 October 1898), 16

A friend has sent me a New York paper containing a brief announcement of the death of Mr. Diego de Vivo, once a prominent figure in the musical world. He died miserably poor - paralysis and starvation - in his 76th year, and was buried at the expense of the American Actors' Fund. This was the man who brought Ilma Di Murska, "the Hungarian Nightingale," to Australia, and who afterwards piloted Carlotta Patti (Adelina's sister), and De Munck, the 'cellist, through the colonies. When I knew De Vivo he was a blaze of diamonds, and had a fine fat bank account. How strange it is that nearly all the artists and musical directors who visited Australia, and made heaps of money here, have ended life in a 'sensational' or pitiably pathetic manner! Ilma Di Murska died wretchedly in a garret in New York. Sussini, the bass - the last of the Lablache school of vocal giants - was run over by a cab and killed in London. Rosnati, the handsome operatic tenor, with one of the few 'clarion' voices of the age, died a pauper in a lunatic asylum in Italy; Dondi, the statuesque basso, was similarly unfortunate. Madame Patey fell down dead after singing the last verse of "On the Banks of Allan Water" - ending "a cold corpse lay she." Remenyi, the violinist, lost his reason and died a few months ago, just as he had finished a perfectly "mad" performance at a New York concert. Henri Ketten, the great and phenomenally successful pianist, went "off his head," and died miserably. Anna Bishop, once a bright star, died in poverty, and the great Catherine Hayes, "Ireland's Queen of Song," whom Sims Reeves pronounced "the finest Lucia of any country or any stage," gave so generously to others that she had little or nothing for her own "rainy day." William Vincent Wallace, the composer of "Maritana," died in poverty.

De Vivo was in many respects a remarkable man. Your first glimpse of his face made you shiver. He could have played the part of Mephisto without any "make up," yet he was a jolly fellow; fond of good living, and a walking "scrap-book" of funny stories. Intended for the priesthood, he became successively an architect, an Italian army officer, an instructor of gymnastics, and a newspaper proprietor, and in 1854 he was banished from Italy as a Republican. He then went to the United States, where he became secretary to Brignoli, the tenor. In 1868, the year after Carl Rosa married Parepa, De Vivo managed her first Californian tour, which brought in an immense profit, and he also managed the famous Parepa-Rosa-Wachtel opera season in New York in 1871. It was the success of this season which first induced Carl Rosa to try English opera in England. While Ilma di Murska had "all Europe at her feet," the Italian manager induced her to visit Australia. Later De Vivo brought out Carlotta Patti. He had struck up a friendship with poor Jim Hinchy in Sydney, and admiring his voice and style engaged the jovial tenor to sing at the brilliant Patti concerts, which were given in the Theatre Royal. De Vivo found it was anything but child's play to "manage" Di Murska. Eccentric to the last degree, it was the wonderful singer's whim to carry what we called a "menagerie" with her - all sorts of birds, cats, monkeys, and, I think, snakes. Her tastes were wild and peculiar. De Vivo shadowed her everywhere. It is just possible Du Maurier had seen them together in Paris, and that De Vivo's face suggested at least the portrait of Svengali as the author-artist has drawn it for us in "Trilby." While she was in Sydney, Di Murska married her colonial pianist, Alfred Anderson, a good-looking Jew who had been "taken up" by the Duke of Edinburgh when he was here, and who used to cut a dashing figure "on the block." De Vivo opposed the match on business grounds, and persuaded his star that Anderson had simply fooled her in order to rob her. There was a tremendous "burst up" over the matter in Melbourne, but Anderson proved the purity of his intentions by dying. True or false, De Vivo declared that Anderson had induced the famous singer to 'make over' everything to him. When the marriage took place, ill-natured people swore that the nightingale had already 'disposed' of four or five husbands, and that the portly Alfred would be sure to follow. When Anderson died, the report went the rounds that he had been poisoned. As a matter of fact, it was a simple case of apoplexy. He ate and drank too much. John Hill, sometime organist of St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral, succeeded Anderson as pianist of the Di Murska Company. He married Di Murska, and lived. And for all I know to the contrary, he is still above ground.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Anderson

Bibliography and resources:

Mauro Bucarelli, "DE VIVO, Diego", Dizionario biografico degli Italiani 39 (1991)

DEVLIN, John (John Charles M. DEVLIN; John DEVLIN)

Band-sergeant, bandmaster, composer

Born NSW, 1849; son of John DEVLIN (c. 1821-1904) and Catherine BYRNE
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1870
Died at his residence "Rienzi", Kensington, NSW, 17 September 1920, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"PRESENTATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1870), 4

"VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY", Empire (9 July 1870), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1876), 5

"MR. H. L'ESTRANGE'S TESTIMONIAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1877), 4

"HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1878), 5

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1879), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1920), 12

DEVLIN. - September 17, 1920, at his residence Rienzi, 19 Baker-street. Kensington, John Devlin (bandmaster), dearly loved husband of Catherine Devlin, aged 72 years. R.I.P.

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1920), 14

Mr. John Devlin, the well-known bandmaster and adjudicator, died at his home at Baker-street, Kensington, as a result of sudden illness yesterday morning. He was 72 years of age. In his capacity of adjudicator in band contests Mr. Devlin had visited all the capital cities and many of the country centres of Australia, and had also officiated at contests in New Zealand. He had arranged a number of selections for contests and for music publishers. He formed and trained the New South Wales Fire Brigades' Band, and remained conductor of it and of the bands of St. Joseph's College and St. Ignatius College, Hunter's Hill. Other bands of which he had been conductor included the old Naval Brigade Band (for about 30 years), Newtown Model Band, Moss Vale Band, the Young Australia Band, the Albion Band, and the Ryde Band.


Tenor vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1867
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after September 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Devoti was Primo Tenore of La Compagnia Lirica Italia, Lyster's Italian Opera Company (with Giuseppe Bertoloni, Pietro di Antoni, Ida Vitali, and Guilia Colombo), that opened in Melbourne with Ernani in January 1868. According to the Sydney Herald in August 1869 (reprinted in The musical world):

Probably not one in fifty of Signor Ugo Devoti's hearers have more than the faintest glimmering of the "sense" of anything which that gentleman sings; but there is an irresistible charm in the "sound" of the accomplished Italian's voice, and in the expressiveness of his manner, which has made him the idol of Sydney concert-goers. He sang nearly half-a-dozen operatic selections last night with immense bravo.

Devoti's Sydney pupils (1869-71) included a Miss Walsh, Laurence Simmons, Florence Ryall, and Georgina Vernon. He last performed in Melbourne in September 1871, after which he reportedly sailed for Calcutta.

In 1854 an Ottavia Devoti was the mother of Roberto Hazon.


[News], The Argus (4 December 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1868), 8

"THE OPERA. ERNANI", The Argus (7 January 1868), 5

"MR. C. E. HORSLEY", The Musical World (16 October 1869), 716

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1869), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1871), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1871), 8

[News], The Argus (19 March 1872), 5

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 23

"AUSTRALIANS IN AUSTRALIA. OVER OLD GROUND. II", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1887), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Opera-Opera/Pellinor, 1999), 144-56, 237, 252

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020