THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Wednesday 13 October 2021 17:30

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sk-Sz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sk-Sz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 27 October 2021

- S - (Sk-Sz)


Amateur flautist, flute player, ensign (73rd Regiment)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1814 (per Three Bees)

NOTE: With thanks to historian Robin Walsh (2019) for kindly bringing the extract below to my attention.


Enquiry on conduct of on board "Three Bees", 24 May 1814; NSW Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1856; Main Series of Letters Received, 1788-1826; Series 897, Reel 6044; 4/1730 (101-49), 115-16 ("106-07"); State Records Authority of NSW 

["106"] . . . Extract 4th
"10. March at Sea. Lat. 37 - 41. Long. 7. 34˚ at 8 P.M. the watch below in bed,
Ship Silent - the Officers of the Guard rather Intoxicated
Came on deck - called on Dunscomb their Servant to bring Ensn. Skelton his Flute. 8.15 began to play.
The Officers began dancing, making such a violent noise that the Ships Company could not rest -
Ensign Skelton stood with his Back to the Chief Mates Cabin, who finding the noise so great was obliged to get his Great Coat and lay on the top of the Round House.
8.25 the Captain sent word begging of them to lean off as his Officers and men wanted rest -
then Ensn. Wilson began his Abuseful Language, unbecoming a Gentleman -
saying he would Horsewhip the ["107"] Captain - Called him all the *** [names ?] he Could lay his Tongue to -
Serjt. Willington, drunk with Liquor the Officers gave him, was going to strike the Chief mate, but prevented by Lieutt. Miller. 8.35 the Officers returned below saying they would dance every night.
When the Officers were done dancing Ensn. Skelton played the Flute, for the Soldiers to dance, using most threatening speeches, after that was Encouraging to sing songs, When Serjt. Willington begun. [?]
Serjt. Willington so drunk could not keep the middle watch - the Captain asked the Corporal the reason the Serjeant was not on deck -
said he was not well - no Report of this kind to the Doctor, who said there was nothing ailing him.

"Sydney", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1814), 2 

By the Three Bees, Lieutenants Miller and Morrison, and Ensigns Wilson and Skelton join the 46th Regiment; with 43 non commissioned officers and privates.


Musician, entertainer, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844-early 1850s
Departed Sydney, NSW, December 1852 (per Clifton, for London)


George Skinner's Clown Hotel

I doubt whether this earliest G. Skinner to have anything to do with Australian music was a relation of this site's curator. George Skinner came to Sydney from the rural community of Cowpasture, near Camden, to take over from George Coppin, as licensee of the Clown Hotel, in Pitt-street, in 1844.

Following Coppin's example (probably, indeed, still with his participation), and employing some of the same performers, Skinner continued for the first weeks of his new management to present musical entertainments, including black-face minstrel acts. Another Coppin innovation, the short-lived Sydney Catch Club also continued to meet at the Clown under Skinner's management.

Advertisements with detailed programs for two of Skinner's entertainments, on 28 October and Election Night 1 November 1844, survive, featuring Messrs. Caldwell, Fillmore, Thomson, Skinner himself, Farren, black-face minstrel Rombo Sombo (some years later to reappear again in Adelaide on the same bill Coppin), and "numerous Amateurs".

Skinner's next advertisement, on 23 November, gave further insight into the repertoire of musical evenings at the Clown Hotel, while suggesting that novel methods were now needed to attract clientele. As printed in the Herald, it took the form of some original verses, to be sung to a favourite old tune, Derry Down, probably some variant of the English major-key melody later given in Chappell's Popular music of the olden time. With their references to many other popular songs, here are the words of Skinner's Saloon complete:

To a favourite old tune - Derry Down.

DULL spirits, when dead, 'tis but justice to bury
 With a capital song, sentimental or merry,
So I beg you to notice, some fine afternoon,
 Their grave at the entrance of Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, down, in the town, derry down.

If you wish to partake in a glee or a catch,
 Why you've only to hint your desire to Joe Hatch,
And the sons of Apollo, with voices in tune,
 Can enjoy a long pull there, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Joe Hatch has some chickens, but Joe rather choice is
 In birds of good note, with their various voices:
There's Caldwell, who warbles the Banks o'the Doun,
 And the sweet Lass of Gowrie, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Funny Fillmore, whose phiz causes roars of delight,
 Can squeak like the pigs, or unfold Billy Vite;
And Jem Brown with his yarn of the ancient Racoon,
 And his Classical Statues, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Just allow me to mention a few of the strains
 You'll hear at the "Clown" where much harmony reigns:
Lucy Long, with Black Rombo's grotesque rigadoon,
 And the Possum a-railing, at Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

If you ask what is Love, Mighty Wine in good store,
 With Pork Steaks, and Jack Robinson just come ashore;
Who'll Meet me alone by the light of the moon?
 For gas-light's the fashion in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

The charming Miss Nichols, whose bosom's soft workings
 Can't beat for the Drayman of Barclay and Perkins!
And the two Yorkshire Horsedealers, neither a spoon,
 And the Blue Fly is fishing, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

L A W-Law, and the fair Alice Gray,
 Mr. Bubb and his Spouse in their Single Horse Shay,
And Thomson's deep instrument, like a bassoon,
 Wakes melodious echoes round Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

So, welcome three nights in each week to the CLOWN,
 Drink A Health to good Lasses, the fair and the brown;
O'er the cold Frozen Lake, from December to June,
 You'll be welcome to slide into Skinner's Saloon.
             Derry down, down, in the town, Derry down!

Thereafter, Skinner's entertainments seem to have waned. In January 1847, he opened new premises, also known as Skinner's Hotel and Skinner's Clown Hotel, on the corner of George and Hunter Streets. Like Coppin, Skinner was an active mason, and in 1846 was secretary of Australian Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows. From his hotel, Skinner also sold tickets for theatrical and musical events.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1843), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1844), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1844), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 November 1844), 3 

[Advertisement]The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1844), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1846), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1852), 4 

SUPERIOR HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Brilliant-toned Cottage Pianoforte, by Broadwood, and other Effects. MR. EDWARD SALAMON has received instructions from Mr. G. Skinner (about to leave the colony), to sell by auction, at his residence, Bligh-street, opposite the Stores of Messrs. Campbell and Co., on MONDAY, October 25th, at 11 o'clock . . .

[Shipping news], The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (11 December 1852), 343 


Tenor vocalist, minstrel

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861


"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1860), 5 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1861), 1

LADIES and GENTLEMEN, members of the Vocal Harmonic and other musical societies, who are willing to assist in giving a COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT for the benefit of Mr. W. CORDNER, are invited to attend at the Schoolroom in Castlereagh-street THIS (Thursday) EVENING, for the purpose of making the necessary arrangements. W. HELLYER, R. L. SKINNER, C. J. WINDER [? Windeyer], Secretaries, pro tem.

"THE OCCIDENTAL CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Illawarra Mercury (30 September 1837), 2 

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (13 May 1878), 3

Mr. R. L. Skinner, well known in musical circles here as a tenor singer, has received a piece of good news through a member of the Opera Company, who recognised him on arrival here and told him he had been advertised for in New Zealand in consequence of the death of a relative. Mr. Skinner telegraphed to the mayor of Auckland, and received a telegram in reply that an uncle in England was dead and had left a legacy, and that particulars would be sent by the next mail.

"THE TOWN-HALL. THE MESSIAH", The Argus (27 December 1878), 3

"TABLE CAPE", Daily Telegraph (20 October 1886), 3 

. . . A singing class and dramatic club have also lately sprung up, and under the paternal care of Mr R. L. Skinner, "the oldest oratorio and operatic tenor vocalist in Australasia," have already performed wonders. The Dramatic Association on Thursday evening, in gratitude to Mr. Skinner, gave him a grand complimentary benefit . . .

"H.M.S. PINAFORE", Examiner (23 May 1900), 3

. . . The sentimental madrigal "The Nightingale," by Ralph Rackstraw, recalled memories of another Rackstraw as sung by Mr. R. L. Skinner, whose discovery of zircons at Sisters Creek it is to be hoped will bring him in more shekels than he would gather at operatic singing.

SKINNER, Richard

Amateur musician, bandmaster,

Born Huonville, TAS, 1858
Died Huonville, TAS, 6 February 1936


"VICTORIA" [Huon Valley], The Mercury (25 December 1884), 1 Supplement 

. . . The members of the local brass band have promised their services both in the paddock during the day, and also at the concert, and the great progress they have made under their leader, Mr. Richard Skinner, makes their services very much appreciated . . .

"[FROM A CORRESPONDENT] FRANKLIN", The Mercury (6 November 1885), 4 

. . . A few months ago Mr. R. Skinner, of Victoria, was chosen conductor, and the players have made a decided improvement since his appointment . . .

"NEWS FROM THE HUON. MR. RICHARD SKINNER. Prominent Huon Pioneer. Interest in Bands", The Mercury (10 February 1936), 5 

A Huon pioneer, Mr, Richard Skinner, died at his residence, Ivanhoe, at Huonville, on Thursday last. Born at Huonville in 1858, the late Mr. Skinner was a native of the southern municipality, and held the esteem of a wide circle of friends. He was associated in many ways with Huon activities. Perhaps, his keenest interest was in music and choir work, and the activities of the Huonville Brass Band always occupied his attention. So keen was he on the progress of bands that at his instigation brass bands were formed at Huonville, Franklin, Cygnet, and Bruny Island, and it was not until very recent years that he severed his association with these organisations . . .

"LATE MR. R. SKINNER", Huon and Derwent Times (20 February 1936), 2 



Active Sydney, NSW, 1807


State Records NSW, SZ 300, l9l-92 and 5/1155, 2ll-18

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 203

Opening a new tavern in July 1807, Samuel Skinner wooed the pubiic, and particularly the soldiery, by offering them free entedainment: he "engaged music on the occasion". The crowd that assembled created a disturbance and Skinner's licence was withdrawn.


Musician, violinist, barman

Active Deniliquin, NSW, 1856


"EDWARD RIVER DISTRICT. DENLIQIQUIN PETTY SESSIONS ", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1856), 2

Mr. Frederick Marshall, landlord of the Highlander Inn, South Deniliquin, was summoned on the information of one of the police in having music at the Highlander, the said house not being licensed for music. John Skipper, barman of the inn, appeared for Mr. Marshall, who was from home; the barman, who is a musician, was tuning his fiddle a few evenings since in the bar of the house, as he said, merely practising. This was the defence. Mr. Cockburn, the chairman, stated that the Bench had given strict orders that there was to be no music played in the public-houses without special permission, and fined the defendant £10, with 11s. 6d. costs."

SKYRING, Miss (? Eliza SKYRING; (1) Mrs. William HAWKEY; (2) Mrs. Lewis MARSHALL)

Vocalist, pianist

Born London, England, 26 October 1826; baptised, St. Mary Abbots, Kensington, 11 February 1827 (daughter of Daniel SKYRING and Ellen DUNN)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 13 July 1833 (per Wolf, from England, 12 July 1832, via South sea fishery) Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1853-54
Died Brisbane, QLD, 8 June 1911


"CONCERT", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 April 1853), 3 

There was a very good attendance at Mr. Humby's concert last Tuesday evening, although the rainy state of the weather in all probability kept back many intending visitors. The moist condition of the atmosphere is the more to be regretted as it seemed to have affected the lungs of Mr. Humby's pupils, one of whom in particular, we were pained to observe, was troubled with it particularly shrill and discordant note. The overtures to the respective divisions of the entertainment played on the piano-forte by the ladies, were very creditably executed. The best songs of the evening according to our judgment, were "Poor Bessy," "Rise Gentle Moon," "Lady of Beauty," "Let's Make Hay While the Sun Shines," and "The Rose Will Cease to Blow." As regard the first of these, it appears to possess no merit whatever as a composition, but it was made the most of by Miss Skyring. The others named were respectably got through, and in the last Mr. Humby was deservedly encored. "Fair Flora," "Lightly Tread," and "The Minute Gun," were decided failures; and it is a pity that "I know a Bank" was attempted. On the whole the audience appeared satisfied, and greeted the performers with a round of applause at the end. It is to be hoped that these concerts may occasionally be continued, as practice begets improvement.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Cross Humby

"MORETON BAY", Empire (23 December 1854), 8 

A Benefit Concert for Miss Harris was given at the School of Arts last Monday, and another concert on Wednesday closed the series of entertainments with which we have lately been favoured. The company took their departure for Sydney on Thursday, in the Boomerang. On Monday a deputation consisting of Messrs. Duncan, Craies and others, waited upon Miss Flora Harris and presented her with a purse of twenty-five sovereigns, subscribed for the purpose; the purse being the gift of Miss Skyring. A suitable acknowledgment was made by the recipient, who has created a very favourable impression during her stay here.


"MARRIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (12 July 1856), 3 

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 July 1857), 3 

EDUCATION. MRS. W. HAWKEY begs leave to announce to her friends and the public, that she will open a DAY SCHOOL, on MONDAY, the 13th inst., in Mr. Shean's Cottage, near the Catholic Chapel, for a limited number of Scholars, to be Commercially Educated. Also, in Music, Dancing, Singing, Drawing, etc. Further particulars oan be had from Mrs. Hawkey, at the above mentioned cottage, North Brisbane.

SLATER, George (George SLATER)

Publisher, bookseller, music publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853
Died Brisbane, QLD, 12 May 1886, aged 62


In addition to several newsheets and other journals, Slater published The Melbourne vocalist.

Slater also published The illustrated journal of Australasia, printed by William Henry Williams; in 1857 it contained, in a monthly musical supplement, songs by Stephen Massett, William Henry Tolhurst, and George Tolhurst. During the previous year, 1856, George Tolhrust, then working as a newspaper reporter, had also edited The black and white list and elector's guide for Slater.


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1856), 6 

[Advertisement], The Age (16 August 1856), 1 

BLACK and WHITE LIST, and ELECTORS' GUIDE. - Will be published, on nomination day, a New and Revised Edition of the Black and White List, with an entirely New Appendix; comprising a complete List of Candidates, up to the latest moment, with interesting particulars, and an extended List of Likely Men. Compiled by George Tolhurst. Price 1s. 6d. George Slater; and all Booksellers.

[News], The Brisbane Courier (13 May 1886), 5 

"THE NEWS LETTER", The Australasian (10 November 1934), 4 


President (Australian Harmonic Society), schoolmaster

Born Chatham, Kent, England, 12 February 1817; baptised, Ebenezer Chapel, Chatham, 8 May 1817
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841-42
Died Liverpool, NSW, 1885, "aged 78" [sic, ? recte 68] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Free Press and Commercial Journal (24 April 1841), 3 

All our readers may not be aware that some short time since a society or club was formed under the above title by a few respectable individuals in Sydney. The object was the encouragement and development of musical taste and talent in the first place, and in the next, to provide a place where young men might for one evening in the week assemble and pass a few hours in harmony, in every sense of the word. When it is considered that in Sydney the only place of amusement is the theatre, and that when that is not open young bachelors, who form a very large portion of the community in Sydney, have no place to which they can resort for an hour's relaxation after the business of the day is over, such an institution must be regarded as desirable in the highest degree. We have had ah an opportunity of witnessing the manner in which the Harmonic Club's meetings are conducted, and they are such as even the "rigidly righteous" could not find any real cause of objection. Music and song are the principal frais of the amusements; social converse, and an occasional toast filling up the interstices. "Music, mirth, and moderation" is the standing order of the Society's evenings. The Society numbers now above fifty subscribers; the entrance fee is One Guinea, and the monthly subscription 7s. 6d., which money is expended in music, instruments, and the moderate refreshment, wine, of which the members partake. We cannot too strongly recommend this Society to the notice of the "nice young bachelors" of Sydney; we would say to "all good men" but that we fear the ladies would quarrel with us. Mr. Slatterie, of the Sydney College, ably fills the office of President at present, and the members meet every Wednesday evening, at Mr. Scrase's in Pitt-street. The club must, we imagine, be under considerable obligations to Mr. Scrase who has allotted a spacious room for the use of the club, which has been very appropriately fitted up at the expense of the members. We again particularly recommend this society to public notice, and will conclude by wishing it every success and prosperity.

"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 2

THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY. A new society, under the above name, has lately been formed in Sydney by several of the leading harmonists, for the purpose of enjoying a few social hours after the business and cares of the day. We understand that it meets every Wednesday evening, in a private room of Mr. Scrase's, Pitt-street . . . On Wednesday evening last our informant was introduced as a visitor, and was highly delighted with the evening's entertainments, consisting of vocal and instrumental music. Mr. [S. W.] Wallace, in his usual effective style, played several solos on the violin, and Mr. Deane some beautiful overtures on the pianoforte. The eloquence and wit of the president of the society, Mr. Slattelie, contributed much to the enjoyment of the evening. 

"AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC CLUB", Sydney Free Press (2 October 1841), 2 

The members of the above Society on Wednesday the 29th last, gave a supper at their club room in Pitt-street; Mr. Slatterie in the chair. Mr. Simmons officiating as Vice-President. The members of the Cecilian Society, who assisted in the performances at the Theatre on Tuesday evening, were of course invited, and added greatly to the hilarity and conviviality of the evening. There were also among the guests assembled upon this occasion, nearly all the leading musical talent of Sydney: Mr. Nathan, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Dean [recte Deane], Mr. Morgan [recte Worgan], and many other deserving public favourites. After the cloth was removed, several very neat and appropriate speeches were delivered. After Mr. Slatterie had proposed the health of Mr. Simmons, which was received with great applause, Mr. Nathan rose and addressed the meeting, in substance somewhat to the following effect:

"Gentlemen, in rising to second the toast which has been proposed by the chairman, and so cordially responded to by you, I will take the liberty of offering a few observations, which I feel assured, will not be deemed out of order. When I visited the Theatre on Tuesday evening last, I went there impressed with the idea that the performance of the after-piece Married and Buried, or as it was called when produced with my music in England, The Illustrious Stranger, would certainly fall far short of what I had seen in the Mother Country when aided by the united talents of LISTON, HARLEY, and others of equal notoriety. But I must here promise to you, gentlemen, that this piece, although assisted by the talents of the leading comic actors, by some strange fatality, was damned on the first night of its representation at the Haymarket Theatre. The idea after wards struck me, that by composing some new music for it, it might still become a favourite. I hinted this to the managers of Drury Lane Theatre, and the consequence was, they acted upon the suggestion. The result fully answered my expectations; The Illustrious Stranger was received with the most decided marks of the public approbation, and has continued a favourite ever since. But I now, gentlemen, candidly confess to you, that never during the whole course of my professional career, has my vanity received so great a check as it did in the Victoria Theatre on Tuesday evening last. Here, seventeen thousand miles distant from the Mother Country, The Illustrious Stranger is produced with scarcely a note (except one song) of the original music, and owing to the illimitable acting of Mr. Simmons is received with that applause which his most excellent representation of the character so justly merited. I have now no hesitation in saying, had Mr. LISTON hit upon the same style in his personification of the character of "Bowbell," as was struck out by Mr. Simmons, the piece never would have required my music to render it a favourite with a London audience."

The party broke up at a late hour, after spending one of those agreeable evenings which form so great a contrast to our every day plodding habits.

"SYDNEY COLLEGE", Australasian Chronicle (17 December 1842), 2 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (12 January 1878), 4 


First Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3

MELOPHONIC CONCERT ROOM. ""WATERMAN'S ARMS," LIVERPOOL-STREET. JOSIAH HAND, the Proprietor, begs to intimate to his numerous supporters that it is his intention to RE-OPEN the above named popular place of Recreation on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, with the following attractive PROGRAMME . . . The following are amongst the number of his Corps Musicae: - First Violin, MR. TURNER; Second Violin, MR. GRATTON; First Banjo, MR. SLOMAN; Second Banjo, MR. SMITH; Bones, MR. HAYWARD; Tamborine, MR. HILDER; Pianoforte, MR. CROMPTON; Musical Director, MR. TURNER . . .


Saxhorn player, violoncello player, cellist, amateur member Sydney Philharmonic Society, pharmacist, inventor

Born Bath, Somerset, England, c.1824
Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, April to August 1853
Died Kensignton, NSW, May 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Frederick Sloper, Freeman Studio, Sydney, photographic studio portrait, c.1874-1908; State Library of New South Wales 


"PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED", Morning Chronicle (5 October 1850), 3

William Glover Webb Freeman and Frederick Evans Sloper, of Tenby, Pembrokeshire, chemists.

"MARRIAGES", Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (11 November 1852), 3

Nov. 2, at St. Peter's Church, Bristol, Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, of this city, to Sarah Peers, third daughter of the late T. Deyrell, Esq., of Barbadoes.


ARRIVALS. April 6. - Elizabeth, ship, 445 tons, Captain Erwin, from Bristol 11th November, Melbourne, 31st March. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Sloper . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 April 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1853), 3 

MR. EVANS SLOPER has, at the request of several Musical Amateurs, made arrangements by which he is enabled to devote a few hours daily to teaching the Sax Horn, Cornopean, and Chromatic Trumpet. Those gentlemen who wish to cultivate puritv and quality of tone, so essential in accompanying the piano in chamber music, will find Mr. Sloper's method at once easy of acquirement and brilliant in effect; his system of double-tongueing on the Cornopean and Trumpet is now practised throughout Europe by most of the leading professors. Address - Care of Messrs. H. Marsh and Co., Music Publishers, 400 1/2, George-street; or, D. Buist and Sons, 6, Bridge street.

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 June 1853), 2 

. . . Mr. Evans Sloper's masterly performance on the Saxe Horn elicited much and deserved applause.

"MR. EVANS SLOPER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1853), 2

"CONCERTS", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1853), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1853), 2 

BALM OF ROSEMARY, the acknowledged best preparation in the colonies, for strengthening and preserving the hair, in bottles at 3s. 6d., 6s. 6d., 10s., and 20s., by FREDERICK E. SLOPER, (from Savory and Moore's, London,) Chemist, Woolloomooloo Dispensary. Agents - Messrs. Woolcott and Clarke, and Mr. Larmer, George-street; Mr. Haslam, Chemist, South Head Road.

"DIED", Empire (31 March 1855), 4 

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1857), 4 

"MARRIAGES", Evening News (28 December 1871), 2 

On the 17th October, at Bath (England), by the Rev. Mr. Sprowle, F. E. Sloper, Esq., to Laura, eldest daughter of H. C. Burnell, Esq., Clapton, Sydney.

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1887), 11 

. . . In enumerating some of the musical lights of the Philharmonic and of musical society a quarter of a century ago, I might have mentioned a few other names. Madame Rawack, née Amalia Mauthner, of Vienna, a highly gifted German pianiste, who was for a long time the soloist of the society; Mr. W. E. Slosser (still, if I mistake not, living with us), an amateur violoncello soloist of no mean powers . . .

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1887), 5 

Sir, -Will you permit me to correct an important typographical error in my letter on the above subject in Friday's issue? The name of the amateur violoncellist alluded to therein by me should be "Mr. F. E. Sloper." . . .

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 May 1903), 16 

OBITUARY. Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, M.P.S., the well-known chemist and druggist of Oxford-street Sydney, died at his residence, Sloper-street, Kensington, last week, at the advanced age of 80 years. The deceased gentleman, who was a native of Bath, England, came to Sydney in 1852 and commenced business in Woolloomooloo the following year. After a trip to the old country he established himself in business in Oxford street in 1873, where he remained up to the time of his death.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1914), 12 

Bibliography & resources:

Geoff Miller, "Uncle Robert's medicine chest", Pharmacy History Australia 3/30 (November 2006), 6-7 

SMAILES, Joseph Thomas (J. T. SMALES)

Amateur musician, pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1835
Died Hobart, TAS, 1853


"ADJOURNED QUARTER SESSIONS", Colonial Times (29 December 1835), 8 

Joseph Thomas Smailes, being sworn, said, I am a clerk to Mr. Stanley, and on the 4th of November, about half-past three o'clock in the afternoon, I received from Mr. Stanley a packet, with directions to take it to Mr. Pitcairn's office . . . Cross-examined by Mr. Horne for the prisoner. - I received the packet at half-past three o'clock; left the office at four. Went up Bathurst-street, into Murray-street, then into Liverpool-street, and passed the Government Mill to Mr. Reichenberg's . . . nor did I then pass on to Mr. Pitcairn's, but went first to Mr. Reichenberg's, where I stayed one hour, and took a lesson in music.

Joseph Thomas Smales, will, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:640075; AD960/1/3 

SMALL, Joe (Joseph SMALL; Mr. J. SMALL; Mr. SMALL)

Comedian, delineator, bass vocalist, buffo singer, comic singer, balladist, songwriter

Born ? 1841 ("native of Sydney")
? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1836
Died at sea near Hong Kong, China, December 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Thatcher (vocalist); Edward Salamon (pianist); Nathan family (entertainers, vocalists); Carandini family (vocalists)


"MR. SMALL'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 October 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 January 1856), 3

"PEDESTRIANISM", Bendigo Advertiser (25 January 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1858), 3

The singing (in character) of "The Unfortunate Man," "The Bold Soldier Boy," &c., by Mr. Small, was received with most vociferous applause and roars of laughter. An additional verse, with reference to the late war in India, was well received. In this gentleman we recognise a very good substitute for Thatcher.

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 March 1860), 3

"NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN SONGSTER", Wellington Independent (13 March 1866), 5

[News], New Zealand Herald (14 April 1866), 5

[News], The Brisbane Courier (24 August 1866), 2

"METROPOLITAN THEATER", Sacramento Daily Union [California, USA] (14 February 1871), 3 

The Carandini troupe made their first appearance before a Sacramento public last evening at the Metropolitan, rendering a fine operatic and ballad entertainment to a small but appreciative audience. Owing to the indisposition of Madame Carandini she was unable to appear, but a very attractive programme was given nevertheless. The sisters Rosina and Fanny have excellent voices, well cultivated, and sing with taste and expression. Walter Sherwin, the tenor, has a pleasing voice, and renders the ladies effective support. Last, but not least in the matter of furnishing pleasure and amusement to an audience, is the comic genius of the troupe, J. Small, who sings well and has unbounded control of his facial muscles, which he exercises with irresistible effect. The audience last evening expressed their gratification with the entertainment by most liberal applause and several encores. To-night a change of programme will be given, and lovers of music who attend may be assured of receiving quite a treat.

[News], The Brisbane Courier (7 August 1873), 2

"DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN PROFESSIONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1875) 5

The Hongkong Times of December 17 contains a long notice of the death of Mr. Joseph Small, for many years connected with the Australian and New Zealand stage. The deceased returned to the colonies a few months since with a valuable shipment of Chinese and Japanese curios, and was returning to the flowery land when he died of disease of the heart on board of the H. M. S. Brisbane.

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (6 February 1875), 24

By the Brisbane we learn the death of Mr. Joseph Small, comedian and vocalist, who left here for Hong Kong, in the Tom Morton, some three months ago. Mr. Small was taken sick at Singapore, and stayed there till the trip of the Brisbane, which vessel was bound for Hong Kong. A few days out, he left the deck to go to his cabin, declining the assistance of the stewards. Ten minutes afterwards he was found dead in his cabin, the immediate cause of death was an apoplectic fit, though he was much debilitated. The deceased gentleman had a foreboding that the end was nigh, for he wrote parting letters to his wife, and a friend, and legal adviser in Wellington. Mr. Small was one of the best known of all colonial professionals. He commenced his public career as a vocalist soon after the discovery of gold in New South Wales, played in every up-country town and city in the Australias and New Zealand, and travelled through America, Honolulu, China, and India. He retired lately from the stage, and established trading relations between Now Zealand and China, where he was about to settle down in a permanent business. As a character vocalist Mr. Small had no equal, and his song, the "Unfortunate man," will always be remembered as a masterpiece of humour and facial expression. In private life, he was much respected for his sterling integrity and liberality towards any unfortunate members of his profession. Mr. Small, who was a native of Sydney, leaves a wife and child in this city.

[News], Thames Star (27 February 1875), 2

The "unfortunate man" is dead. Everybody will know that the unfortunate man referred to is poor Joe Small. He was essentially a decent man. He made a reputation as an unfortunate man, and he travelled on it. On every goldfield for the last fourteen, or fifteen years Joe Small was the unfortunate man. He hit upon an idea, and he perfected it as few men have done who have been gifted with an idea. His seemed like a spark of genius, it was so perfect; Amongst everybody here he was quite at home. At one time on the Thames [NZ] he seemed in a fair way of realising his thousands; good scrip was his, and plenty of it. But he held on just a day or two too long, and when he would have quitted his scrip it was useless, or next to it. Consequently poor Joe had to turn to once more and sing his doleful ditty for a subsistence, the circumstances of his case suggesting a verse more doleful than any of the original, but less known because of its purely local application. In the end Joe Small - he liked the familiar appelation - was driven from the Thames by the ghost of an official agent. It was rough on him - rougher than the commissioner of the old days. Small was one amongst a thousand of professionals, and his early death will be deplored wherever old identities gather together; for the rich humour and genial manner have now gone the way of all flesh.


The New Zealand and Australian songster (containing a collection of comic songs, to which is added, extracts from his diary on the Australian goldfields written and sung by J. Small) (Christchurch, NZ: Tribe, Mosley and Caygill, 1866)

Bibliography and resources:

Robert H. B. Hoskins, "Small, Joe", The encyclopedia of New Zealand


Professor of dancing

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1861


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1861), 7 

MR. SMART, PROFESSOR of DANCING, has his diploma from the Society of Dancers. Cubitt-street, Richmond.

SMART, Mrs. = Mary Ann PETTMAN


Second Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3

MELOPHONIC CONCERT ROOM. ""WATERMAN'S ARMS," LIVERPOOL-STREET. JOSIAH HAND, the Proprietor, begs to intimate to his numerous supporters that it is his intention to RE-OPEN the above named popular place of Recreation on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, with the following attractive PROGRAMME . . . The following are amongst the number of his Corps Musicae: - First Violin, MR. TURNER; Second Violin, MR. GRATTON; First Banjo, MR. SLOMAN; Second Banjo, MR. SMITH; Bones, MR. HAYWARD; Tamborine, MR. HILDER; Pianoforte, MR. CROMPTON; Musical Director, MR. TURNER . . .


Amateur violinist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833-36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"At Mr. Peck's concert . . .", The Hobart Town Courier (1 November 1833), 2

. . . The gentleman amateur (Mr. A. Smith) who kindly came forward to assist, equally surprised and delighted the audience with his performance of "the Yellow hair'd laddie," on the violin in harmonics, an art not exceeded by Paganini himself.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Tasmanian (1 November 1833), 5 

. . . The "Scotch Air in Harmonics" was most unquestionably the attraction of the evening: it was announced to be performed by an amateur. This amateur was not other than that talented musical gentleman, Mr. Adam Smith. On his coming forward, we really looked to the ceiling, thinking the applause would be sure to awaken from their sleep the beams which supported the roof. We have never before had occasion to speak of this gentleman's performance, but, from what we ourselves heard on Wednesday, we must acknowledge it to be superior. Mr. Smith, as is usually the case with amateurs, was a little confused on his first appearance; but he soon recovered himself, and commenced the performance in a most masterly style. We do not know which most to admire - his bowing, his fingering, or his execution - they were each superlative, and we must not omit mentioning, that an amateur who can stand up and perform an air in Harmonics, must be extraordinarily gifted. The piece was, as a matter of course, encored. Mr. Peck attempted a solo on the violin; but, although we considered that gentleman's performance quite equalled to any we ever heard by Spagnolleti, still, after Mr. Smith's brilliant harmonics, it would not go down - he was rapturously applauded, but not encored . . .

"Mr. Peck's Concert . . .", Colonial Times (5 November 1833), 2 

"Domestic Intelligence", The Tasmanian (29 November 1833), 6 

. . . We understand that Mr. Adam Smith, the much admired violin player, has intimated to Mr. J. P. Deane that he will on the approaching Soiree, on Wednesday next, perform the first part of a most difficult and splendid duet by Viotti. Mr. J. P. Deane will, on the occasion, play second fiddle, and the parts will be well maintained by the orchestra . . .

[News], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch . . . (23 December 1836), 406 

A correspondent, who is music mad, has sent us the following extract (which he has picked up somewhere) from Galignani. We do not know much about music, but certainly his account is most marvellous. The automaton by this account is not only superior to Paganini and Ole Bull, but even to our townsman Adam Smith, who is said to equal if not surpass both in his newly invented touches . . .


SMITH, Christopher (? Christoph SCHMIDT; Christopher SMITH)

Musician, professor of music ("a German")

Active NSW, by c. 1850
Departed Sydney, NSW, c. 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, Lisette Sophie (Lisette Sophie ?; Mrs. Christopher SMITH; Mrs. SCHMIDT

Dancing mistress

Active NSW, by c. 1850
Departed Sydney, NSW, c. 1859
Died San Francisco, California, USA, 30 October 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, Charles (Carl SCHMIDT; Charles SMITH)

Musician, professor of music and dancing, violinist, pianist, band leader

Active NSW, by c. 1850; ? son of Christoper and Sophie SMITH
Active Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1860-62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, Frederick (Frederick Ludwig Henry SCHMIDT; Frederick SMITH)

Musician, band leader

Active NSW, by c. 1850; ? son of Christoper and Sophie SMITH
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 September 1853, aged 22 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, Gottfriedt (Gottfriedt SCHMIDT; Gottfriedt SMITH; Gottfried SMITH; Golfriedt SMITH)

Musician, flautist, flute player

Active NSW, by c. 1850; ? son of Christoper and Sophie SMITH
Married Sarah CARROLL (d. 1859), Sydney, NSW, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, Henry (Hendrick SCHMIDT; Henry SMITH)


Active Sydney, NSW, by c. 1850
Active Brisbane, QLD, until November 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


There is no record of the arrival of the Schmidt, or Smith family, in NSW. By May 1850, however, Smith's band was performing in Goulburn, and by January 1851 were in Sydney, where Mrs. Smith (Lisette) and sons briefly advertised dancing assembly rooms in a house in Hunter-street previously occupied by Frank Howson.

In May 1851 Christopher "and his four sons" were performing in Maitland, and were probably also the German band reported in Bathurst in November 1851.

By March 1852 they had returned to Sydney, where they performed regularly for city hotels. Christopher was seriously insolvent in mid 1853, and the family enterprise was further imperilled by the death, in September, of 22-year-old Frederick, who had been leader of the band.

Though Smith and Sons was reduced thereafter to just four musicians, they probably remained the only German band in the city until the arrival of Herman Kruse's rival band in late 1854.

From late 1854 until late 1858 the family were proprietors of their own suburban dance casino, The Pavilion de Bellevue, on the corner of Riley-street and South Head Road.

Subsequently, they spent a summer season in Wollongong over New Year 1859, and shortly therafter Smith senior (Christopher) disappears entirely from colonial record.

In July 1859, Charles and Gottfriedt were members of Lewis Lavenu's orchestra for the Sydney University Musical Festival.

Gottfriedt had married a local woman, Sarah Carroll, a few months earlier. But tragedy struck the new couple on 25 July, when Sarah suffered fatal burns when her dress caught fire in a household accident. She died a week later on 2 August, and the inquest jury severley censured Gottfriedt for what it suspected was a callous failure to do more to save his wife's life.

The Smiths (probably by now just the three sons) briefly took over Florentine Farelly's former dance hall in September, but left Sydney soon after, and by November 1859 were re-establishing themselves in newly separated Queensland. They brothers, with Charles as leader, spent the next two years in Brisbane and southern towns, before sailing for Sydney in November 1862.

They appearently left Australia soon afterwards. Sydney friends, presumably, placed notices of Lisette's death (in California, in 1866) in the Sydney press early in 1867, appearently the last mention of the family in the colonial record.


"GOULBURN . . . CRICKETER'S BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1850), 3 

There was a Ball held in the Chequers Inn, on Monday evening last, at which several German musicians attended. We believe it was kept up till an early hour next morning.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser [Goulburn, NSW] (4 May 1850), 5 

DANCING. A DANCING PARTY will assemble on
EVERY MONDAY EVENING, at Mr. Simons', the Chequers inn, Auburn-street, for the benefit of Mr. Smith; TICKETS 1s. 6d. each.
Mr. Smith's celebrated Band will constantly be in attendance.
Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock.

"EVENING PARTIES", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (11 May 1850), 4 

On Monday last, the first of a series of dancing parties for the benefit of the German Musicians came off with great eclat at the Chequers Inn. The ball-room was well filled by a most respectable company who evinced the pleasure they felt on the occasion by keeping up the mazy dance until a late hour. Mr. Smith and his family played during the evening, and we have never heard better ball music since we left England. Another party will be held on Monday night, at which we hope to see all those who take delight in chasing the glowing hours with flying feet.

"THE GERMAN MUSICIANS", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (18 May 1850), 3 

Mr. Smith and his family held another dancing party at the Chequers Inn, on Monday night. The attendance was very good. We hope that sufficient encouragement will be offered to the band to make it worth their while to remain in Goulburn.

"MUSICAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (15 June 1850), 5 

The dancing parties which are held every Monday evening at the Chequers Inn are continuing to attract the gay and joyous amongst our fellow-townspeople. The excellent band of Mr. Smith is on every occasion in attendance.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1851), 3 

MRS. SMITH AND SONS beg to acquaint their friends, the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney, that they have removed to one of those genteel and commodious houses belonging to Mr. Sharp, lately occupied by Mr. Frank Howson, where they intend to open Private Assembly Dancing Rooms, Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday nights.
The greatest attention will be paid to the respectability of parties attending.
Admission one shilling each. To open on Monday next, the 21st instant.
No. 76, Hunter-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist, actor)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (14 May 1851), 3 

MESSRS. SMITH AND SONS, German and English Quadrille Band, having arrived in Maitland, beg leave to inform respectable families, and the inhabitants generally, that they intend holding a
MUSICAL SOIREE, at the Northumberland Hotel, on This (Wednesday) Evening, to commence at Half-past Seven o'clock, where ladies and gentlemen are invited to hear and amuse themselves. Messrs. Smith and Sons flatter themselves that parties honoring them with a visit will do so a second time.
Admission - for adults, 2s. ; Children, 1s.
Messrs. S. and Sons, having determined upon remaining some time in Maitland, will be happy to take engagements to play at BALLS and other PARTIES, where their services may be required, and on the most reasonable terms.

"MUSICAL SOIREE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (14 May 1851), 2 

A musical entertainment of a novel kind is now open in Maitland, at the Northumberland Hotel, where Messrs. Smith and Sons will hold a musical soirée this evening, the idea being that while the music commences at half-part seven, and continues till a late hour, ladise and gentlemen or families may enter at anytime, and remain, or walk in and out, as long as is agreeable to themselves. We have heard the musical abilities of Messrs. Smith and Sons highly spoken of.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 May 1851), 3 

MESSRS. SMITH. AND SONS, German Musicians, purpose holding a MUSICAL SOIREE, in the Long Room, up stairs, at the above Hotel . . .

"MUSICAL SOIREE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 May 1851), 2 

On Saturday night Messrs. Smith and Sons gave a musical soiree at the Northumberland Hotel, which was well attended. The music was very good, Mr. Smith and his four sons playing in excellent time, and with a unity which adds greatly to the effect. The pieces played were chiefly foreign, but included many favorite British airs, some at special request. A most agreeable evening was spent by the audience.

[Advertusement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (29 November 1851), 5 

MR. GEORGE FRANK begs most respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Bathurst and its vicinity, that he has taken the large concert room at Mrs. Whitton's Commercial Hotel, Bathurst, which he intends holding as a BILLIARD ROOM from the present date. Ha also begs to acquaint the public that there will be a German Band in attendance on the occasion of its first being opened . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1852), 1 

MR. SMITH and Sons beg leave to inform their friends and the public, that they have again arrived in Sydney, and intend to open an Assembly Room, which will be in the saloon of Mr. Flanner, the Mayor Inn, Pitt-street, where they will be in attendance every Monday and Thursday evening. Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to amuse themselves with their band.
ADMISSION. Gentlemen, 1s. 6d., ladies, 1s. each.
Dancing to commence at half-past seven o'clock precisely.
N.B. Club, pic-nic, ball, and other parties attended on the most reasonable terms.
SMITH AND SONS, English and German Quadrille Band.
Clarence-street, between King and Market streets.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1852), 3 

DANCING AND MUSIC will be every Wednesday Evening, at Mr. 1 Maxwell's Saloon, King-street, corner of Sussex-street, from half-past 7 till 12 o'clock. Admission, Gentlemen, 1s.
SMITH AND SON'S German Band.

"BALL AT THE SARACEN'S HEAD", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (3 July 1852), 3 

On Thursday night Messrs. Smith and Sons gave a grand ball at Maxwell's, the Saracen's Head, Sussex-street. Their splendid German band was in attendance. Nearly two hundred persons, including a great portion of beautiful figures and faces, were assembled, and went through the mazes of the dance with a bounding elasticity and relish, which was, doubtless, increased by the cold but brilliantly star-adorned night. The dancing was kept up until a late hour, when a most sumptuous supper was spread upon the ample board, to which the dancers did the fullest justice. The dancing was afterwards resumed, and the company did not break up until six o'clock on Friday morning.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1852), 1 

MESSRS. SMITH AND SONS . . . have resolved upon giving a
GRAND PLAIN and FANCY DRESS BALL, on THURSDAY, the 26th of August,
in the Saloon of the SARACEN'S HEAD, at the corner of King and Sussex streets.
Their German Band will be in attendance, with considerable augmentation.
Mr. McGaffin will offer late as Maitre de Ceremonies upon the occasion . . .
Tickets . . . to he had . . . at Messrs. Smith and Sons, Dungate House, Castlereagh-street, near Liverpool-street . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1853), 1 

CASINO. - Messrs. SMITH AND SONS intend having their Casino at Mr. Harrison's, at the Light-house Hotel, corner of Bathurst and SUSSEX streets, every Tuesday and Friday night, from half past 7 till 12 o'clock. Admission 1s. ladies gratis. N.B. - None but respertoble ladies can be admitted. SMITH AND SONS, German Quadrille Band, 216, Castlereagh-street. Pic-nic, Ball, and other parties can be supplied with their Band.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1853), 4 

CASINO, at the Lighthouse Hotel . . . every Saturday and Tuesday Evening . . . Smith and Sons' German Band.

"INSOLVENT COURT. SATURDAY, SCHEDULE FILED", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1853), 2

Christopher Smith of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, professor of music.
Liabilities, £88 3s.; value of assets, £47 3s.; deficiency, £41.
Mr. W. Perry, official assignee.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (12 July 1853), 1145 

In the Insolvent Estate of Christopher Smith, of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, professor of music . . .

"INSOLVENT COURT. Tuesday", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 2

In the estate of Christopher Smith, a single meeting was held. A claim amounting to £5 5s. was proved, and another, amounting to £44 18s. 4d., was allowed, subject to taxation. At the request of a creditor the meeting was adjourned until eleven o'clock of Monday next. Insolvent being a German, and but imperfectly acquainted with the English language, the business of the meeting was carried on through the medium of an interpreter.

"INSOLVENT COURT. MONDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3

In the estate of Christopher Smith, an adjourned single meeting was held. Two claims were proved, and insolvent was examined. The majority of the meeting directed the assignee to allow insolvent to retain his household furniture, wearing apparel, and musical instruments.

"LIST of Unclaimed Letters . . .", New South Wales Government Gazette (9 September 1853), 1558

. . . Schmidt Charles
Schmidt Henrick, musician . . .

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1853), 3 

On Tuesday, the 27th instant, at his father's residence, 215, Castlereagh-street, after a long illness, Mr. Frederick Smith, leader of the German quadrille band, aged 22 years; a sad loss to his parents and brethren. The procession to move from the above residence this afternoon, at half-past two o'clock.

Register of burials, St. Stephen's, Newtown, 1853; register 1849-54, page 140; Sydney Anglican parish registers (PAYWALL)

No. 2792 / Frederick Ludwig Henry Smith / Castle Reagh St. / Sept. 27 / [buried] Sept. 29 / 22 years / Musician . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1853), 1 

MESSRS. SMITH AND SONS, known as the German Quadrille Band,
respectfully inform the inhabitants of Sydney that they are most happy to engage with balls, picnics, weddings, and other parties of amusement. A first-rate band is guaranteed.
N.B. Any number of musicians may be procured by three days' notice.
SMITH AND SONS, 215, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1854), 1 

MESSRS. SMITH AND SONS, German Quadrille Band,
have the honour to inform respectfully the inhabitants of Sydney that to their Assembly Room in King-street, being a private room, no one can be admitted who behaves disorderly.
N.B. - The rooms are open every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday. Admission 2s., ladies gratis.

[Advertisement], Empire (5 April 1854), 1 

MR. SMITH'S celebrated German Band has been engaged to play, To-Morrow (Thursday) evening, between the hours of 6 and 9 o'clock. Admission, free.

? "GERMAN MUSICIANS", Illustrated Sydney News (8 April 1854), 2 

Our ears have been gratified during the last week, as we walked through the streets of our city, by the strains of one of those German street-bands which are so commonly met with in the towns and watering, places of Europe. The music is really such as every one must hear with pleasure, and, if we are to judge from the listening crowds, its excellence is fully appreciated in Sydney. We would suggest Hyde Park, on a moon-light evening, as an appropriate place for these performances.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1854), 2 

EASTER MONDAY. - Sir Joseph Banks' Hotel, Botany Bay. -
W. Beaumont begs to inform the patrons of the above establishment and the public generally, that at the request of very many highly respectable citizens who have been accustomed to make the Zoological Gardens their resort on this annual festival, he has bees Induced to engage Schmidt's celebrated German Band, who, weather permitting, will be in attendance, and perform throughout the day to contribute to the pleasure of those who may honor the establishment by a visit on the occasion.
N.B. - Luncheon from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Beaumont and James Waller (proprietors)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1854), 8 

BAND. - Messrs. SMITH and SONS respectfully inform the Inhabitants of Sydney that they would be happy to supply any kind of parties with their band, at pic-nics, balls, weddings, &c., &c., which parties they could supply with any number of musicians, in two or three days' notice.
SMITH and SONS, musicians, 29. Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo.

"NEW PLACE OF AMUSEMENT", Empire (19 December 1854), 4 

A large wooden building of an octagonal form is in the course of erection, between Burton-street and the South Head road, and is intended we understand for a Casino, the project of some German musicians at present in Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1855), 1 

PAVILLON DE BELLE-VUE, corner of Riley street and the South Head Road, opposite the Pump. -
MR. CHARLES SMITH has the honour to acquaint the inhabitants of Sydney that his magnificent Octagon Dancing Assembly Rooms are now nearly completed, and will be opened on TUESDAY next, 6th instant, for which he has chosen the name of Pavilion de Belle-Vue, it having one of the most Beautiful views in Sydney.
C. S. has much pleasure in announcing that an amusement of this description has long been required in Sydney, and that he has not spared any expense in making the house very comfortable.
Rules of the Pavilion de Belle-Vue.
Gentlemen who introduce a lady in this establishment are to be responsible for such lady as to her respectability.
Ladies who wish to attend without a gentleman will please to call for a ticket at Mr. Smith's residence, stating their name and residence.
Likewise, respectable parents, who wish their daughters to visit this highly respectable place of amusement, may procure tickets, gratis, in the day time.
Visitors must all be respectably dressed. Smoking is strictly prohibited in the ball room.
Admission - Gentlemen, 2s. 6d.; Ladies, gratis.
N. B. Messrs. Smith's favourite band will be in attendance.

"THE CASINO", Empire (6 February 1855), 4 

The building in the South head-road, which has been for some time past in the course of erection for a dancing saloon, will be opened this evening, under the management of Mr. Smith, well known amongst the Terpsichoreans of Sydney, as an efficient minister to their pleasures. The room is of an octagonal form, and tastefully and appropriately embellished, the compartments of the ceiling being andorned with nine classical figures. From the centre is suspended an elegant chandelier. The walls are covered with a green pillared paper, which, when lighted up, will exhibit a very rich appearance. The orchestral department will be very efficient, including Mr. Smith's band, which has so often charmed the musical ear of Sydney. It is stated to be the determination of the proprietors, to keep the saloon select in its company, and thoroughly respectable.

"NEW DANCING ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1855), 5 

Messrs. Smith and Sons, German musicians, have built and opened a dancing school, under the name of Pavilion de Bellevue, in a paddock on the old South-head Road, and which opens for dancing every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday evenings, at 8 p.m. At a short distance from the pavilion there is an octagonal-shaped building called "Caroussel," for the amusement of visitors, fitted up with coaches, horses, &c, which turn round to the sound of music, and is intended as a preparatory riding school.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1856), 1 

GRAND QUADRILLE PARTY, at the Pavillon de Belle Vue, corner of Riley-street and South Head Road, will be given, where Mr. SMITH and SONS will perform, with the newest polkas, waltzes, quadrilles, and other dances, on MONDAY EVENING, the 7th instant . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1857), 1 

DANCING ! DANCING ! DANCING ! at the Pavilion de Bellevue, South Head Road,
THIS EVENING, Saturday, and EASTER MONDAY. Admission, 2s.; ladies gratis.
N.B.- Respectable ladles only admitted.
SMITH and SONS, Proprietors.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1858), 1 

ANNIVERSARY EVENING. - A grand Quadrille Party will be given on the above evening at the Pavillion de Belle Vue . . . SMITH and SON, proprietors.
ANNIVERSARY DAY. - An efficient Band of Musicians may be engaged for a picnic on the above day.
Apply to CHARLES SMITH. Pavilion de Balle Vue, South Head Road.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1858), 1 

GRAND BAL COSTUME on MONDAY next, 7th instant, will be given at the Pavilion de Belle Vue, South Head Road. Gentlemen's tickets, 1s.; Ladies' ditto, 2s. Refreshments may be had all night.
Messrs. SMITH'S Band will be augmented by three musicians for this occasion, making seven in all; the newest and best music will be played.
SMITH and SON, proprietors.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 July 1858), 1 

A Grand BAL COSTUME and CONCERT on WEDNESDAY, the 14th instant, will be given at the Pavilion de Belle Vue, South Head Road, near the Racecourse.
Mr. Henry Zihms [sic] and his splendid band of eleven musicians, are engaged for this occasion, who will perform a choice selection of several new operas, German and Italian, never heard before in this country.
The concert to commence at 8 o'clock precisely, and the dancing at 10 o'clock . . .
SMITH and SONS, Proprietors.

"GERMAN BRASS BAND", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (20 October 1858), 2 

The inhabitants of this town have been highly delighted, for two days past, with the music performed by Herr Schmidt's brass band.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1858), 10 

TO LET, with immediate possession, those large Premises lately occupied as a dancing saloon by C. Smith and Son, South Head Road, together with garden, if required. Apply to Mr. BURDEKIN, Macquarie-street.

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury [Wollongong, NSW] (20 December 1858), 3 

Grand Ball on Boxing Night, December 27, MESSRS. SMITH and SONS respectfully inform the inhabitants of Wollongong and Illawarra district; that their FIRST GRAND' BALL will take place on the above evening, at their Academy, Harbor street, when the whole of THEIR CELEBRATED BAND will perform in the Orchestra . . .

[2 advertisements], Illawarra Mercury (13 January 1859), 3 

WEEKLY QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY. - This Evening, and every Thursdny, at the Dancing Academy, Harbor-street, Wollongong.
Admission - Gentlemen, 2s. 6d.; Ladies, 1s each.
SMITH, BROTHERS, Proprietors.

MR. CHARLES SMITH, Teacher of Music and Dancing,
respectfully begs to inform the inhabitants of Wollongong, etc., that he intends opening a Class for Dancing, as a Grand Anniversary Ball will be given at his Academy, on the 26th January.
Persons wishing to attend at the Ball should apply immediately to take lessons.
For terms, etc., apply at the establishment, Harbor-street, Wollongong.

[Advertisement], Illawarra Mercury (24 January 1859), 3 

Grand Anniversary Ball ON WEDNESDAY NEXT, the 26th instant, at Messrs. SMITH'S DANCING ACADEMY.
The ladies are reminded to get their dresses ready. Half the inhabitants of Wollongong will be there.
Tickets - double 7s 6d, single 5s. More improvements in the Ball-room!
The most fashionable music and dances at the Dancing Academy on the night of the Anniversary of the colony.
Conductor - Mr. Charles Smith.
THIS EVENING, Monday, Grand Practice for the BALL, on the 26th. Admission - Gentlemen, 2s 6d; Ladies, 1s.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1859), 1 

The undersigned will be obliged to any party who will furnish the address of Christopher and Charles Smith, Germans, formerly of the Rotunda, South Head Road, and lately living in Wollongong as professors of music and dancing.
T. CROFT and SON, Commercial Wharf, Sydney; IGNACY ZLOTKOWSKI, Wollongong.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1859), 1 

SMITH'S QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY, THIS EVENING, Saturday, will be held at the Lighthouse Hotel, Bathurst and Sussex streets, when the whole of Charles Smith's Band will be in attendance.
Admission - 2s. N.B. Respectable ladies can be admitted only.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1859), 1 

SMITH'S QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY, THIS EVENING, Saturday, at the Lighthouse Hotel . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

Conductor - Mr. L H. LAVENU . . .
FIRST VIOLINS. Mr. John Deane, Conductor of the Philharmonic Society
Mr. Eigenschenk, leader of Orchestra of the Prince of Wales Theatre
Mr. Alfred Usher, leader of Orchestra of the Victoria Theatre
Mr. Charles Smith, Mr. Richard Herz, Mr. J. Davis . . .
FLUTES. 1st FLUTE - Mr. Robert Vaughan; 2nd DITTO - Mr. Gottfried Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); John Deane (violin); Charles Eigneschenck (violin); Alfred Usher (violin); Richard Herz (violin); Isaac Davis (violin); Robert Vaughan (flute); Sydney University Musical Festival (event)

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1859), 8 

The Friends of Mr. GOTTFRIED SMITH are respectfully invited to attend the funeral of his deceased wife, Sarah, THIS (Thursday) AFTERNOON. The procession to move from the Sydney Infirmary, at 3 o'clock precisely.
THOMAS DIXON, undertaker, South Head Road.

Register of burials, St. Stephen's, Newtown, 1859; register, 1854-67, page 186; Sydney Anglican parish registers (PAYWALL)

No, 7817 / Sarah Smith / Infirmary / [died] Aug't 2 / [buried] Aug't 4 / 20 years / Wife of a Musician . . .

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1859), 5 

The City Coroner held an inquest in his office yesterday, on the body of a woman named Sarah Smith, aged twenty years. From the evidence adduced at the inquest it appeared that the deceased was a married woman, and lived in Bourke-street, Surry Hills. On the night of the 25th ultimo, at about 11 p.m., the deceased was sitting by the side of her husband near the fire, when her clothes accidentally became ignited. The husband, it appeared, in the confusion of the moment, or from carelessness, - so it was insinuated by some of the witnesses - instead of attempting to extinguish the flames opened the door, and told her to run out into the street. No sooner had she passed the door than her dress, the material of which was silk or barege, was enveloped in a sheet of flame. The attention of the neighbours having been directed to the woman, several ran to her assistance and succeeded in extinguishing the flames; but not before the fire had inflicted serious injury. The sufferer was conveyed into the house of a neighbour, and a medical man sent for. On his arrival he advised the immediate removal of the injured woman to the Infirmary. The husband objected, but his objection was overruled. A police constable having been informed of the accident, procured a stretcher, and with the assistance of some other persons placed the woman on it. Unfortunately the stretcher was not sufficiently strong, and when an attempt was made to remove it the wretched sufferer fell through on to the kerbing-stones. This accident, however, does not appear to have accelerated her death. She was eventually removed in a cab to the Infirmary, where, after being examined as to the extent of the injuries she had sustained, the medical gentlemen of that establishment entertained but little hope of her recovery. The patient, on the contrary, expressed herself otherwise. She was quite conscious throughout, but gradually sunk under the severe injuries she had sustained, and expired on Wednesday morning. With regard to the cause of the accident, the husband states it to be his impression that it arose from a match which he had been using to clean his pipe and which he then threw on the floor. It is supposed that the deceased stepped on the match, and that in consequence it became ignited and caught her dress. Several of the witnesses bore testimony to the apparent callousness of the husband at the time of the accident. They had been married about three months, and it appears that during that time they had quarrelled several times. The jury returned a verdict to the following effect: - "We find that the deceased died from exhaustion, the effect of being severely burned, from her clothes taking fire; and we consider that if her husband had had presense of mind and had used sufficient exertion, her life could have been saved. We also desire to express our sense of the efficient services rendered on the occasion by Mr. O'Neil and the police constable."

"CORONERS INQUEST", Empire (5 August 1859), 4 

An inquisition was held by the City Coroner, at his office, yesterday, touching the death of a woman named Sarah Smith. The evidence which was very volumnious was principally to the following effect: - The deceased was according to her husband's statement sitting on his knee which he was cutting some tobacco for his pipe; she had brought a song book home, from which she was singing some ditty; said the husband, (who formerly kept the Casino on the South Head-road) was then seated in their own dwelling in Bourke-street, Surry-Hills, near the fire-place, in which there were only a few live embers; this was on the 25th ultimo; she had not been there for more than a minute when Smith observed that her dress was on fire; Smith previously to cutting the tobaoco, had lit a German match to clean out his pipe; and he attributed the falling off of a portion of the ignitable matter of the match on the deceased's clothes to be the origin of the sad catastrophy. The poor young woman (only 20 years of age) was quickly enveloped in flames. Some attempts were made by the husband to tear the dress from off her back; her undergarments were also on fire. Whether Smith lost his presence of mind or cared little for the consequences it is impossible to say; however, he and the deceased went out into the street, where the fire was subsequently extinguished. James Moorcroft O'Neil said that he was a publican residing on the Surry Hills, that on the 25th ultimo be heard a female screaming and ran out from his bar and found the deceased with her dress as he described it "blazing about her person, which lit up the street." Her husband was standing at that time at his own door. Sergeant Hogg, of the police, came up and told the deceased to roll herself on the ground; the sergeant, at the suggestion of witness took off his coat and covered her with it. Indeed every exertion was used by Mr. O'Neil and the police under the direction of Sergeants Hogg and Ryan, to render the unfortunate young creature every assistance; as much, however, could not be said for her husband. O'Neil swore that "'her husband never called for assistance, and never said or did anything that he could hear." The deceased implored Mr. O'Neil to take her into his house, but the husband wished he to be taken home. So disgusted was O'Neil with Smith's conduct, that some angry words were exchanged. Dr. Lowe was sent for, and the deceased was subsequently removed to the Infirmary. Dr. Roberts [?], the attendant surgeon, from the first view of his patient, pronounced the case to be hopeless, as she was too much injured. During the time the deceased was in the Infirmary, and up to the period of he death, she said the cause of the fire was purely accidental. The deceased had only been three months married. The jury made known their disapprobation of the husband's conduct by returning the following verdict - "We find the deceased died from exhaustion, the effects of being severly burned by her clothes taking fire, and we consider that if her husband had presence of mind and used sufficient exertion her life could be saved. We also consider the exertions of Mr. O'Neil and the police very creditable for rendering such efficient service." It is almost needless to add, that during the time the deceased was in the Infirmary every kind of attention was paid to her.

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (8 August 1859), 8

SIR, - You will confer a great favour on me by inserting these few lines in your valuable paper, as it will give me a chance to clear my character in the eyes of everybody. I read with the utmost astonishment in Friday's EMPIRE the report of the inquest held on Thursday, at the Coroner's Office, on my late lamented wife. With regard to Mr. O'Neil's evidence, I do fearlessly assert and declare that it was untrue, when he positively swore "that, 1 did not render the least assistance in extinguishing the flames, and that I was standing at my own door." I can not only bring evidence of facts, but I will show by a witness, or witnesses, that I did all a man could do in the confused, and terrified state of I mind I was in at the time. My wife ran across the street in her agony - screaming fearfully, when she was met by O'Neil and some other men, who succeeded in extinguishing the fire; I then did all that, in my confused state of mind, I could do, and after getting a jug of water to throw over her head I felt a dreadful pain in both my hands, and to my astonishment, saw that the flesh was literally burnt and torn off several of my fingers, which was caused by my pulling off some of her clotbes before ever O'Neil or any one else could come to her assistance. I shall bring evidence to confirm all that I have here stated if required, which no doubt it will be.
At present I remain, your obedient servant,

"Summary for England, Per SALSETTE", Empire (13 August 1859), 7 

Mrs. Smith, wife of a musician, has been shockingly injured through her dress accidentally taking fire. When she was being conveyed to the infirmary the police stretcher, on which she was being carried, broke down and her head struck against the kerbstone. The parties blameable for this deserve to have their heads struck against a stout cudgel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1859), 1 

WANTED to be KNOWN, the reason why the letter has not been published, which was sent to the EMPIRE by the undersigned, in answer to one published in that paper on the 8th instant, signed "GOTTFRIEDT SMITH, denying the truth of my evidence, given at a coroner's inquest held upon his wife, on the 4th instant, and corroborated by witnesses.
JAMES O'NEIL, Victoria Inn, South Head Road.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1859), 1 

SMITH'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS (late Madame Farrelly's), Elizabeth-street, near King-street, are OPEN EVERY EVENING. Admission, gentlemen, 2s. 6d. ; ladies, 1s. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

ASSOCIATIONS: Florentine Farrelly (musician, dancing mistress)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1859), 1 

GRAND FANCY DRESS BALL, to take place on WEDNESDAY next, at SMITH'S Assembly Rooms (late Madame Farrelly's), Elizabeth-street.
Gentlemen's tickets, 5s.; ladies ditto, 2s. 6d. each.
N.B. - These magnificent rooms are open every evening as a Quadrille Assembly. Admission, 2s. 6d.; ladies, 1s.
Smith's Band will preside in the orchestra.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (26 November 1859), 3 

The Brisbane Band.
MR. ANDREW SEAL has much pleasure in informing the inhabitants of Brisbane and Queensland in general, that he has succeeded in forming a Band of five musicians, far superior to that formerly conducted by him. By the addition of the three Messrs. SMITH, a first-rate String Band is formed, suitable for Balls and indoor amusements, and the " Harmonie," or Brass Band, is now much more powerful than before. Persons wishing to give balls and other parties through these merry months, will please to make speedy arrangements with Mr. SEAL, as the services of his Band will be in great requisition.

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Seal (musician, band leader)

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 October 1860), 3 

CHARLES SMITH'S first-class Boarding Establishment, Charlotte-street, near the Prince of Wales Hotel, North Brisbane. - Constant Boarders, as well as passengers from Sydney, &c., will meet with every comfort at the above establishment on reasonable terms. N.B.- The house is pleasantly situated, overlooking the river and the principal part of the town.

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser [Toowoomba, QLD] (4 October 1860), 2 

PERSONS desirous of learning the art of DANCING should not neglect this opportunity, as Professor Smith's time is limited to two months at the most, in which period even the dullest pupils will be made competent in all the dances now generally danced in England and Europe in general, by Mr. Smith's style of tuition . . .
For further particulars apply to Professor Smith immeidately, Sovereign Hotel, Toowoomba.

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (18 October 1860), 3 

Professor Smith's Dancing Academy IS NOW open at the Argyle Rooms, Toowoomba . . .

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (29 November 1860), 2 

Professor Smith's Farewell Ball to his Pupils WILL take place on Friday, the 7th December, at the Argyle Rooms, Toowoomba . . .
positively the last Ball he intends to give previously to his departure for Dalby . . .
N.B.- A similar Ball will be given at Drayton on MONDAY, 10th of December . . .

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (15 December 1860), 3 

PROFESSOR SMITH will give Private and Class Lessons in MUSIC and DANCING, at his new Academy, Edward-street, after the first of January.
For particulars as to Terms, apply at his private residence, Charlotte-street, next to the Prince of Wales Hotel, North Brisbane.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (22 January 1861), 1 

Music and Dancing Taught.
MR. CHARLES SMITH, having returned to Brisbane lately, intends to open two Classes, one for Teaching Music, and one for Teaching Dancing. A first-rate room has been erected expressly for these purposes near the residence of Mr. Smith.
Intending pupils for either of the above-named accomplishments will please to make immediate application, as no time will be lost in forming the classes.
Private, or Class Lessons are imparted on all kinds of wood, stringed, and brass instruments, suitable for a philharmonic band.
For terms, apply personally, or by letter, to
Mr. CHARLES SMITH, Professor of Music,
Charlotte-street, North Brisbane.

"DALBY (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT) . . . JAN. 5TH . . .", The Moreton Bay Courier (12 January 1861), 3 

. . . A ball was given in "the St. George's Hall," on Wednesday, by Professor C. Smith, which was numerously attended, a good supper being provided by the host of the "Caledonian Hotel." Another private ball took place in the same hall on the Thursday night, Mr. and Mrs. Koch of this town being the donors. About 120 of the leading residents in the town and district, availed themselves of the invitation, the Messrs. Smiths were in attendance and their fine music was duly appreciated by the number of persons joining in each dance . . .

[2 advertisements], The Moreton Bay Courier (26 January 1861), 6 

MR. CHARLES SMITH most respectfully begs to inform you that he is about opening a class for the purpose of teaching DANCING, at his Academy in Edward-street, near Charlotte street, North Brisbane, on MONDAY next, 28th of January.
The great experience C. S. has gained during his sojourn both in New South Wales and this Colony in this branch of education has enabled him to form a plan to teach this accomplishment with the greatest expediency, so that even the dullest pupils will learn all the now fashionable dances in the short period of three months.
Should you wish to join the evening class, or send any of your children to the afternoon class, you are respectfully reminded not to lose any lessons, but join at once, as the quarter will positively commence on Monday next.
Terms: Three guineas each for the first quarter, and one guinea for every additional quarter.
One half to be paid in advance.
A considerable reduction will be made for several pupils in one family.
N.B.-Private lessons may be obtained either at the Academy or at the pupil's own residence.
Terms as per agreement. Apply to PROFESSOR SMITH, Charlotte-street, North Brisbane.

PRIVATE Lessons on all kinds of Wood, Brass, and Stringed Instruments are imparted by PROFESSOR SMITH.
For terms, apply at his residence, Charlotte-street, North Brisbane.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 February 1861), 3

Music and Dancing. VACANCIES for any number of Male and Female Pupils in the above accomplishments at Smith's Academy. Apply to CHARLES SMITH, Professor of Music and Dancing, Charlotte-street, near Edward street, North Brisbane.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (7 February 1861), 2 

Brisbane Choral Society . . . THIS EVENING at the School of Arts . . .
Flute Solo, by Mr. G. Smith - Fantasia, Aria and Rondo - Nicholson . . .

"BRISBANE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (9 February 1861), 2 

A concert was given by the members of the Brisbane Choral Society at the North Brisbane School of Arts, on Thursday evening, which was very successful both as regards the character of the performance and the attendance. The chief piece of the evening was the beautiful duett, "Flow on thou Shining River," which was charmingly sung by the Misses Thomson. The flute Solo by Mr. G. Smith was exquisitely rendered, and manifested the possession of a rare musical talent which, when fully developed by practice and modulation, will entitle its owner to high rank among flutists. Successful as his performances were, we have no doubt they would have been more so had his instrument been in better order . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Brisbane Choral Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (30 April 1861), 3 

PROGRAMME for the occasion: PART FIRST . . . Violin Solo - by Professor Charles Smith . . .
PART SECOND . . . Violin Solo - by Professor Charles Smith . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (25 May 1861), 3 

THOSE Ladies and Gentlemen who intend to be present at the Ball given by his Excellency on the 28lh of June, and who may not be "well up" in their dances, may obtain private lessons at their own residences in the following dances, viz.: -
Quadrilles (first set), Lancers, La Tem; ete, Polka Mazurka, La Varsoviana, Valse a Deux Temps (or Trois Temps), Schottische, Galop, Polka, and various other dances which may probably be inserted in the Programme for the Ball.
Immediate application is necessary, as the time is rather of short limit.
Terms : Half a Guinea each for each lesson.
In case eight or more pupils should agree to practise at the same time, - as indeed is very desirable on account of the Quadrilles, - in such a case, of course a considerable reduction will be made in the charges.
Apply by letter, only, to Professor SMITH, Elizabeth-street, North Brisbane.

[Advertisement], The Courier (25 July 1861), 3 

PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo - Violin - Cavatina, by Mr. SMITH, from "Fille de Regiment" . . .

"THE BRISBANE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (20 July 1861), 2 

This society, which has already done its part in providing occasional intellectual recreation for the people of Brisbane has availed itself of the opportune presence and services of several talented and professional artists, now in Brisbane, to give the public a musical entertainment of a much higher order than has heretofore been attempted by the society. Among the performers we observe the names of Herr Otto Linden, a pianist of some celebrity, from Victoria, of Mr. Smith, the violinist, and several other gentlemen of established reputation as musicians. The concert will take place at the School of Arts, on Thursday evening next, and as the programme is novel, well chosen and attractive, we trust the attendance will be such as will repay and give increased energy to the Society.

ASSOCIATIONS: Otto Linden (pianist)

[2 advertisements], The Courier (14 December 1861), 4 

THE VOLUNTEER ARMOURY, Queen-Street, on THURSDAY Evening, December 19th,
On this occasion the Society will be assisted by several professional gentlemen, who have kindly offered their services.
Overture - La Clemenza di Tito Mozart.
Trio and Chorus - "Bright Orbost" - Bishop.
Solo Basso - From I Lombardi - G. Verdi.
Quartette and Chorus - "From Oberon in Fairy Land" - Webbe.
Solo Soprano "The Village Maiden" - Donizetti.
Trio - "Blow gentle gales" - H. Bishop.
Solo and Chorus of Macbeth, (complete) - Locke.
Overture Tancredi - Rossini.
Chorus-" Come gentle Spring" - Haydn.
Solo Soprano - "Piu bianca del bianco veto" - Meyerbeer.
Four Part Song - "May Day" - Mueller.
Solo Tenore - Descriptive Song - H. Russell.
Duett Soprano - "The Fairies of the Sea" - Stephen Glover.
Solo Basso - "Heart of Oak" - Boyce.
Chorus Finale - "With the Sunsheltering Canopy" - Bellini.
Conductor - Mr. O. LINDEN.
Organist - Mr. S. D1GGLES.
Leader - Mr. C. SMITH . . .

with the OXYCALCIUM LIGHT, will take place at the School of Arts, Brisbane, on
MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, and FRIDAY, the 16th, 18th, and 20th insts.,
the proprietor having received a large supply of new scenes, and having engaged
Professor Smith's BAND, solicits the patronage of the inhabitants of Brisbane and its vicinity . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Silvester Diggles (musician); Brisbane Philharmonic Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Courier (9 January 1862), 3 

CORNETS. - Two first-class Instruments FOR SALE; price £8 10s. each, very cheap instruments.
PROFESSOR SMITH, Elizabeth-street.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY CONCERT", The Courier (25 April 1862), 2 

The second subscription concert of the Brisbane Philharmonic Society took place last evening at the Volunteer Armoury, his Excellency the Governor, and a very numerous and respectable audience being present . . . In a concert where the performers are amateurs, close criticism would be an unfriendly act . . . and while awarding credit to whom it is due, we feel assured that too much praise cannot be given to the professional assistants, as their services are rendered gratuitously. Among these we may mention Mr. S. Diggles, who was unfortunately absent through illness last evening; to Mr. C. Smith, who is, we understand, unremitting in his exertions; and last, though not least, to Mr. Otto Linden, the conductor, without whose invaluable services the society would soon become altogether defunct, or sink far below its present standard of efficiency . . .


. . . The music was also first-rate, and Professor Smith's band certainly deserve praise for the very excellent manner in which they performed the last new waltzes, polkas, galops, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 June 1862), 3 

. . . THE CONCERT in aid of the Funds of the QUEENSLAND VOLUNTEER BAND,
will be given in the Large Room of the new Normal School, on THURSDAY next, the 19th June.
A new SELECTION of MUSIC will be played by the Band, in addition to which the
PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY have generously promised their co-operation on the occasion . . .
Organist - Mr. S. Diggles.
Lender - Mr. C. Smith.
Conductor - Mr. Otto Linden.
Conductor Volunteer Band - Mr. Seal . . .

[Advertisement], The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (17 July 1862), 2 

PREVIOUS to the Departure for Warwick of PROFESSOR SMITH and his BROTHERS,
Mr. FREDERICK MOLE intonds to give THIS BALL to the Tradesmen of Toowoomba, Drayton, and surrounding District . . .
the arrangements of the Ball-Room conducted by Professor Smith . . .

"COMING BALLS", The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (17 July 1862), 2 

Mr. McCarthy gives a "Free Ball" to all those who wish to attend, at the Toowoomba Hotel, this evening. Mr. Mole will also give a Ball, at the Royal Exchange Hotel, on Monday evening, prior to the departure of Professor Smith and Brothers.

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 August 1862), 1 

J. M. FOANS . . . Late of Rayner's Serenaders . . . ON MONADY NEXT, 25TH AUGUST.
On which occasion be will be assisted by Messrs. SMITH BROTHERS, of this town . . .

[Advertisement], North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser [Ipswich, QLD] (13 September 1862), 3 

GREAT ATTRACTION! MR. FOANS (Late of Rainer's Serenaders)
On which occasion he will be assisted by Mr. G. SMITH, Conductor of Orchestra, and Mr. WILSON, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (15 September 1862), 3 

And posititively his last appearance in Brisbane
THIS EVENING MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 15TH, AT THE School of Arts, North Brisbane . . .
On this occasion Mr. FOANS will be assisted by Mr. A. SEAL, Cornet;
Mr C. SMITH, Pianist; Mr. G. SMITH, Flutist; Mr. H. SMITH, Violinist.
Mr. FOANS will give Selections from some of the most popular Operas, together with many of his admired Ethiopian Melodies . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Milton Foans (vocalist, minstrel-serenader)

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT.", The Courier (28 October 1862), 2 

The fourth subscription concert of the Brisbane Philharmonic Society was given yesterday evening, in the large hall of the Normal School, to an audience of about 200 persons. His Excellency and Lady Bowen and suite arrived at about eight o'clock, the band playing the National Anthem on their entrance. The programme was well arranged, and had the good feature of not being too lengthy, and the arrangements on the whole were successful. Mr. Diggles acted as organist, and Mr. C. Smith conducted the performances. Part I. commenced with Gluck's overture "Iphigenia in Aulis," which was effectively given by the band, and followed by Bishop's trio and chorus "Bright orb, send forth thy rays." This is a rather difficult piece of music, and was not done justice to on this occasion, some of the voices being too loud, and others out of tune. However, the violin solo which followed, made up for the previous shortcoming, and proved that Professor Smith's knowledge of the instrument is of a high order. The well-known "Gipsy Tent" soli and chorus were enthusiastically received, and an immediate encore demanded. It was of course repeated. "As in the Cup the bead flies up," and the quartette, "Soldier's Love," were both well given; and Bishop's duett and chorus, "The Moorish Drum," was received with great applause, and narrowly eacaped an encore.

Part II. opened with Rossini's celebrated overture to Tancredi, which may be called the gem of the evening so far as the instrumental pieces are concerned, and was well received and rapturously applauded. The cavatina "Si li sciogliete guidici" [Si lo sciogliete o guidici] was capitally rendered by a well known amateur, who, in answer to an encore, gave the pleasing ballad entitled "Native Music," with equally good effect. "High on yon mountain," from Norma, might be said to be well given, although some harsh voices in the chorus were painfully apparent, and spoiled the effect, which remark may with justice be applied to most of the other choruses given during the evening. A hunting song from Dinorah, "The Day is awake" was feebly but otherwise well sung; and that beautiful morceau, the "Mocking Bird," which generally draws an encore, fell deadly on the audience, notwithstanding the excellent flauto accompaniment of Mr. Godfrey Smith. The duet "Suoni la Tromba," from Il Puritani, followed; and that excellent chorus "Now tramp o'er moss and fell," from the Lady of the Lake, was most effectively given, and unanimously awarded an encore. This concluded the programme, and His Excellency and Lady Bowen having retired, the assemblage dispersed. Although the arrangements in regard to details were satisfactory, the concert, taken in its entirety, cannot be considered a thorough success.

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 November 1862), 3

ANY Persons having a Claim on the Undersigned or his Brothers will please to send in their Accounts for adjustment before the departure of the next Sydney Steamer. Also, persons indebted to the same are requested to settle without delay.
CHARLES SMITH, Brisbane, Nov. 8th. Professor of Music.

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 November 1862), 1 

HAVING Bought at Auction all Professor Smith's stock of
MUSIC, consisting of Pianoforte, Violin, and other pieces, will be sold a bargain. Also, two music stands, by
JOHN GOLDSMID, Miscellaneous Store, Queen-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1867), 1

On the 30th of October, 1866, at San Francisco, California, LISETTE SOPHIE SCHMIDT, the beloved mother of Charles, Henry, and Gottfriedt Smith, musicians, formerly of this city.

SMITH, Mr. C. E.

Tenor vocalist, music hall proprietor

Active Sofala, NSW, 1853


"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENTS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (1 January 1853), 2 

We understand that Mr. C. E. Smith lately from San Francisco and now a Turon bed-claim proprietor, proposes opening a music saloon at Sofala in course of a few weeks upon a very superior scale, and from the opportunities we have had of judging his vocal talents hesitate not to say that if to deserve success is to win it, Mr. Smith will be abundantly successful. With an excellent tenor voice of considerable compass, over which he possesses perfect control, he exercises a just appreciation of the burthen of his song, and a superior taste in the execution. During a short stay in Bathurst he has commanded the plaudits of numerous and admiring auditories. We wish him success in any undertaking which will supply our Sofala neighbours with an entertainment of rational and elevating character.

SMITH, Robert (Robert SMITH; Mr. R. SMITH)

Pianoforte-maker, repairer and tuner (fifteen years with Messrs. Broadwoods)

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 1804; baptised St. Nicholas's church, Aberdeen, Scotland, 8 March 1804; son of James SMITH and Mary SMITH [sic]
Married Elizabeth Susannah FAULDER (1808-1885), St. Mary's church, Islington, London England, 26 June 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 8 February 1853 (per Clara Symes)
Died Windsor, VIC, 12 October 1889

SMITH, Emilie (Emma SMITH; Miss Emilie SMITH; Mrs. Frederick COSTER)

Piano teacher

Born London, England, c. 1839; daughter of Robert SMITH and Elizabeth Susannah FAULDER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 8 February 1853 (per Clara Symes, from Bristol, 16 October)
Married Frederick COSTER (c. 1827-1894), St. Peter's church, Melbourne, 4 November 1858
Died Armadale, VIC, 13 September 1911, aged "72" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

COSTER, Emily (Emille Albinia COSTER; Emily COSTER; Mrs. Rudolf HIMMER; Emilie Albina Lucy HIMMER)

Pianist, accompanist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1859; daughter of Frederick COSTER and Emma SMITH
Married Rudolf HIMMER (1852-1921), Benalla, VIC, 1891
Died Malvern East, VIC, 1922

COSTER, Fanny (Frances Elizabeth COSTER; Fanny COSTER; Mrs. John NICHOLSON)

Pianist, accompanist

Born St. Kilda, VIC, 12 June 1861; daughter of Frederick COSTER and Emma SMITH
Married John NICHOLSON (1840-1914), Holy Trinity church, Benalla, VIC, 19 January 1887
Died Killara, NSW, 2 July 1954


Robert Smith was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1804, son of James Smith, a merchant, and Mary Smith, daughter of the late James Smith, a farmer.

With his wife Elizabeth Faulder, and daughter Emma, he was living in Lambeth on the night of the 1841 census, and gave his trade as pianoforte maker. On arrival in Australia he advertised that he had been 15 years with John Broadwood and Sons, London, and later that he had also worked for (or with) Collard and Collard. Allowing for at least two years, possibly longer, spent in Cheltenham c. 1851-52, this would first place Robert at Broadwoods' certainly no later than 1835, and plausibly, given his age, as much as a decade or more earlier.

Smith's premises in Cheltenham, in 1851-52, were a shop and residence at 5, Great Norwood Street (now 11 Great Norwood Street), which had previously (c. 1845) been occupied by a tailor, but earlier (c. 1843) by the musician Pio Ciancehttini (d. 1851).

In Victoria, from 1853 to the late 1870s Robert appears to have carried on a solid but unremarkable career as freelance tuner and repairer, and as a small scale specialist vendor and occasional importer of keyboard instruments. He may also have worked, at various times, for other music retailers, though no record of his doing so has yet been identified. From 1867 to 1869, apparently as a sole trader, he made annual professional tuning trips that took him as far away as Portland, on the south west coast of Victoria.

Robert's significant musical legacy, however, was his daughter. The fourteen-year-old Emma Smith first advertised in Melbourne in 1853 as "Miss E. Smith", a pupil of the Anglo-French pianist Clara Loveday, who for several years previously had been based in Cheltenham, England.

By mid 1855, Emma was consistently styling herself as "Miss Emilie Smith" (occasionally also mis-reported as Emily), and continued to do so until her last professional advertisements early in 1858.

From the documentation of her many public appearances in Melbourne (and at least one in Geelong) between 1853 and 1857, we can reliably reconstruct her personal network of musical contacts and collaborators (see ASSOCIATIONS in the documentation below). Likewise, her remarkably advanced performing repertoire.

The latter included such identifiable works as La source by Jacques Blumenthal, Fantaisie sur Lucia di Lammermoor by Émile Prudent, Les hirondelles by Henri Streich, and Grande fantasie et variations sur La cracovienne by William Vincent Wallace; Le carnaval de Venise and Caprice sur des airs bohémiens by Julius Schulhoff; and the Fantasie on the favorite air We're a' noddin, the Fantaisie sur des motifs de La straniera of Bellini, and the Fantasie sur Moise de Rossini all by Sigmund Thalberg.

Notably, with Charles Bial, she also performed, probably indeed (as advertised) for the first time in these colonies, Thalberg's Grand duo pour deux pianos sur un motif de Norma de Bellini, a work only introduced some years later in Sydney by Edward Boulanger and Frederick Ellard.

As "Emma Smith", she married Frederick Coster, at St. Peter's church, Melbourne, on 4 November 1858.

Later in life, in the 1880s and 1890s, as "Mrs. Coster", she occasionally performed again as an amateur in public again at charity events in Benalla, in the north-east of the colony, where her husband Frederick practised as a solicitor.

Her daughters Emily and Fanny were both pianists. In 1891 Emily married the American tenor vocalist Rudolf Himmer, and in the 1930s their son, also Rudolf Himmer, was a concert adminitsrator for the ABC.


London and Cheltenham, England (to 1852):

Marriages solemnized in the parish of Saint Mary Islington in the county of Middlesex in the year 1834; register, 1834-37; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 70 / Robert Smith of this Parish Bachelor and Elizabeth Susanna Faulder of the same Parish Spinster
were married in this Church by Banns . . . this [26 June 1834] . . . [witnesses] Joseph Heywood, Sophie Faulder

England census, 6 June 1841, Lambeth, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1055 / 6 (PAYWALL)

Bowling Green St. / Robert Smith / 35 / Pianoforte M[aker] / [born] S [Scotland]
Elizabeth [Smith] / 30 / [born] N [not in Surrey]
Sidney / 5 // Emma / 2 . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire; UK UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1973 (PAYWALL)

5 Great Norwood Street / Robert Smith / Head / 42 / Pianoforte Maker / [born] Aberdeen
Elizabeth [Smith] / Wife / 35 / - / [born] London Westminster
Emma [Smith] / Dau'er / 12 / [born] [London] Lambeth
Jane [Smith] / Dau'er / 8 / [born] [London Lambeth]

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Cheltenham in the county of Gloucester, in the year 1851; Gloucestershire Archives (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

No. 213 [1851] Aug't 31. / Florence Mary Elizabeth / [daughter of] Robert & Susannah Elizabeth / Smith / Gr. Norwood St. / Pianoforte Tuner . . .

"DEATHS", Cheltenham Examiner (5 May 1852), 8

April 16, at 5, Great Norwood-street, aged 10 months, Florence May Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Robert Smith, pianoforte maker.

[News], Cheltenham Looker-On [England] (18 September 1852), 10

A Concert, Vocal and Instrumental, is announced to take place in Messrs. Hale's Music Room on Tuesday evening, the 28th instant, for the benefit of Miss E. Smith, a juvenile pianiste of, we are told, great promise, on the eve of departing for Australia, - and towards whose future fortune in that golden world our resident professors seem anxious to contribute their services: Miss Clara Loveday, Mr. Marshall, and Mr. M. Von Holst having each promised their valuable aid on the occasion.

[News], Cheltenham Looker-On [England] (25 September 1852), 9

. . . and on Saturday Miss E. Smith makes her first appearance as a pianiste, at Hale's Room, in a Concert undertaken, it would appear from the terms of the announcement, for the purpose of introducing our youthful debutante to public notice, preparatory to her departure for Australia, and towards whose assistance on this occasion Miss Clara Loveday, Mr. G. Marshall, and Mr. M. Von Holst have all promised their services.

ASSOCIATIONS: Clara Loveday; Gustavus Valentin von Holst (1799-1871), grandfather of Gustav Holst

Melbourne, VIC (from February 1853):

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 8

PIANO-FORTES carefully Tuned by Mr. R. Smith, fifteen years with Messrs. Broadwood & Sons. Orders will meet immediate attention. Address, R. Smith, at Mr. Spence's, 27, Collins-street, Melbourne.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Broadwood and Sons (London)

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 April 1853), 12 

. . . Pianoforte - Miss E. Smith, pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday. First time in Melbourne . . . [as below]

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. Thursday Weekly Concerts, under the direction of MR. MEGSON.
ON THURSDAY NEXT, 7th APRIL, 1853. Principal Vocal Performers: Soprano - Mrs. Testar. Tenone - Mons. Barre. Alto - Mr. Mitchell. Basso - Mr. Bancroft.
Solo Instrumental Performers: Pianoforte - Miss E. Smith, pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday. First time in Melbourne.
Violin - Mons Fleury, from the Mauritius, the best solo violin known in the colonies.
PROGRAMME: PART I . . . Grand Fantasia, Pianoforte - Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle C. Loveday) first time in Melbourne - Thalberg . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (violinist, conductor); Elizabeth Testar (soprano vocalist); Achille Fleury (violinist)

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (8 April 1853), 9 

Mr. Megson deserves great credit for almost capital concert last evening, which was suitably appreciated by a crowded audience. The overtures and other instrumental pieces were rattled off with a spirit that was most delightful; Mrs. Testar both looked and sang her very best, and, with the exception of one poor gentleman, who was most unceremoniously and unfeelingly put down in the middle of his song, every thing went off with great success. A M. Fleury, from the Mauritius, performed a beautiful fantasia on the violin in most artistic style. But the great stir of the evening was a young lady of fourteen, named Smith, who played a very long, elaborate, and difficult piece of Thalberg on the piano; and played it all through with a force, taste, rapidity, and precision which perfectly electrified the audience. Several times Miss Smith was interrupted by a sort of irrepressible rapture of applause; and long and fatigueing as her performance might be, it was most vehemently encored, and the larger portion of it most goodly repeated. Where this talented young lady can have dropped from we do not know, but she certainly is a mistress of her instrument to an extent which we should have thought impossible in one of her tender years.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1853), 12 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. MRS. HANCOCK'S Grand Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT, Monday Evening, April 18, 1853 . . .
Miss Smith (aged 14), pupil of Madlle Clara Loveday (her second appearance) . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Grand Fantasia (Pianoforte) - Miss E. Smith - Streich . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ellen Hancock (soprano vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 May 1853), 11 

PIANO FORTES correctly tuned and repaired by Robert Smith, 15 years with Messrs. Broadwood and Sons; address, Willow Cottage, Great Brunswick-street. Piano Forte taught by Miss E. Smith.

"HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE. SUICIDE OF MR. SPENCE, THE DRAPER. (From the Melbourne Herald.)", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1853), 1s

CONSIDERABLE sensation was created yesterday morning, in different parts of the city, by a rumour that Mr. Robert Spence, the draper, Elizabeth-street, had committed suicide by cutting his throat from ear to ear . . . At four o'clock P. M., Dr. Wilmot, the City Coroner, proceeded to hold an inquest at the Leinster Arms . . . a Mr. Robert Smith, a pianoforte maker, residing at Collingwood, stepped forward, and addressing the Coroner, said he was the brother-in-law of deceased, his sister having been the late Mrs. Spence. He arrived in the colony about three months ago, and when he first saw Mr. Spence, he noticed his hand to tremble, and considered him to be then incapable of managing his business . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8 

PIANOFORTES Tuned and Repaired by Robert Smith, fifteen years with Messrs. Broadwoods. Several superior Pianos at low prices. Pianoforte taught by Miss E. Smith, Willow Cottage, Brunswick-street.

"CONCERT", The Argus (26 August 1853), 5 

We are puzzled to know how it is that Mr. Winterbottom can almost invariably draw crowded houses in so capacious a building as Rowe's Circus, while the attendance at his Thursday night Concerts is so often thin and discouraging. Last night, there was a great deal too much sitting-room vacant, although the performance deserved a more liberal patronage; the second appearance of Miss Smith ought alone to have filled the room. This young lady has before proved herself a good musician, and her reception last evening was flattering enough . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (bassoonist, conductor)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Mrs. Hancock's Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert.
Under the Patronage of the Mayor. Monday, Sept 12, 1853.
Vocalists - Mrs. Testar, Miss Miabella Smith, Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Hancock.
Solo Piano - Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday) . . .
Programme. Part I . . . Grand Fantasie (Pianoforte) Miss E. Smith - W. Wallace . . .
Part II . . . Solo Piano - The Carnival de Venise, Miss Smith - Schulhoff . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Meabella Smith (vocalist, not related)

MUSIC: Le carnaval de Venise (Julius Schulhoff)

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 September 1853), 8 

Miss E. SMITH'S Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert (under the patronage of the Right Worshipful the Mayor,) on Monday, September 19th, 1853.
Vocalists: Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. John Gregg.
Instrumentalists: Solo Piano - Miss E. Smith (pupil of Madlle. Clara Loveday.
Solo Violin - Mr. Tucker. Solo Bassoon - Mr. M. Winterbottom. Mr. Salamon will preside at the Pianoforte.
Part I.
Overture - Semiramide - Rossini
Ballad - The Maydew, Miss Martin - Lover
Valse - Snow Drop - Tucker
Song - Man the Life Boat, Mr. John Gregg - Russell
Grand Fantasia - Lucia Di Lammermoor, Miss E. Smith - Prudent
Quadrille - Le Bon Temps - Montgomery
Romance - Le Souvenir, Mrs. Testar - Loisa Puget
Solo - Violin - Mr. Tucker - De Beriot
Duet - The Elfin Call, Mrs. Testar and Miss Martin - Glover
Part II.
Overture - Tancredi - Rossini
Ballad - Beautiful Spring, Miss Martin - Blockley
Solo - Pianoforte - Grand Fantasia, Miss E. Smith - Wallace.
Song - Revenge, Mr. John Gregg - Hatton
Valse - Ladies of England - Montgomery
Scotch Song - Logie O'Buchan, Mrs. Testar
Solo - Bassoon - Mr. Winterbottom
Galop - Le Fin Du Concert
God Save the Queen.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Martin (vocalist); John Gregg (vocalist); Edward Tucker (violinist); Edward Salamon (pianist)

MUSIC: Fantaisie sur Lucia di Lammermoor (Émile Prudent)

"CONCERT", The Argus (20 September 1853), 5 

In accordance with our prediction a very full room greeted Miss Smith last evening, and that young lady again electrified her audience by the brilliancy of her performance . . .

"MISS SMITH'S CONCERT", The Banner (23 September 1853), 10 

One of the best concerts we have ever had the pleasure of attending in Melbourne took place at the Mechanics' Institution, on Monday, for the benefit, and under the direction, of Miss E. Smith. The programme was selected with excellent taste, and contained some choice pieces, both vocal and instrumental. Of Miss Smith's proficiency as a pianist, it is impossible to speak too highly. Modulation, and every grace which appertains to music, were included in the brilliant fantasias so beautifully executed by this young lady; and during the performance of some of the more florid and friage-like passages, could we but turn our eyes from the graceful performer, we might well believe ourselves listening to Hertz [Herz] or Thalberg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 October 1853), 8 

. . . MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S Grand Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT, on Monday, 10th Inst. . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo. - Pianoforte - Carnival de Venise, Miss E. Smith - Schuloff . . .
PART II . . . Solo, Pianoforte - Les Hirondelles, Miss E. Smith - Streich . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emilia Arnati White (vocalist)

MUSIC: Les hirondelles (Henri Streich)

"MADAME ANNATI [ARNATI] WHITE'S GRAND CONCERT", The Banner (11 October 1853), 15 

. . . Miss E. Smith was as effective as ever in her difficult passages upon the pianoforte. Notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather the concert was fashionably attended.

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' Institution . . . This (Friday) Evening, 21st October.
Miss Miabella Smith begs to announce that her Concert will take place This Evening, when she will be assisted by the following Eminent Artistes:
Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Gregg, Miss E. Smith (Pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday),
Mr. Winterbottom, and Mr. Salamons, who will preside at the Pianoforte.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Pianoforte - La Cracovienne, Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday) - V. Wallace . . .

MUSIC: Grande fantasie et variations sur La cracovienne (William Vincent Wallace)

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 April 1854), 3 

PIANOFORTE Taught - Miss E Smith, pianist, late pupil of Mademoiselle Clara Loveday, of the Royal Conservatoire, Paris, continues to give instruction at her residence, Willow Cottage, Brunswick-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1854), 8 

Miss E. Smith's Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert, Monday, 5th June.
Vocalists: Mrs. Testar, Miss Octavia Hamilton, and Mons. Barre
Instrumentalists: Solo Piano - Miss E. Smith
Violin - Herr Strebinger. Cornet a Piston - Sigr. Maffei.
Grand Duo: Miss E. Smith and Herr Strebinger.
Part I.
Trio - Mrs. Testar, Miss Hamilton, and Mons. Barre
Romance - Mons. Barre
Solo Piano-Forte - "Lucia di Lammermoor," Miss E Smith - Prudent
Song - "There will be none of Beauties Daughters" - Mrs. Testar - Knapton
Solo Violin - Herr Strebinger Ballad - "The Spell is Broken" - Miss Hamilton - Bellchambers
Grand Duo - Miss E. Smith and Herr Strebinger.
Part II.
Duet - Mrs. Testar and Mons. Barre
Song - "I'm leaving thee, Annie" - Miss Hamilton - Barker
Solo - "Cornet a Piston" - Il Lamento - Sigr Maffei - Maffei
Scotch Ballad- "An' ye sall walk in silk attire" - Mrs. Testar
Solo Piano - "Carnival de Venise" (by desire) - Miss E Smith - Sculhoff
Ballad - "Why do I weep for thee I" - Miss Hamilton - Wallace
Song - Mons. Barre
Admission 5s. Reserve Seats, 7s.
Doors open at half-past Seven, to commence at Eight.

ASSOCIATIONS: Octavia Hamilton (soprano vocalist); Mons. Barre (vocalist); Frederick Strebinger (violinist); Joseph Maffei (cornet player)

"MISS E. SMITH'S CONCERT", The Banner (9 June 1854), 9 

This young lady's concert came off on Monday evening at the Mechanics' Institute, with great success, indeed the room was perfectly crowded before the concert commenced; and throughout the evening the crowd at the doors was so great as frequently to interrupt the harmony thereof. The grand feature of the evening was the excellent performance on the piano-forte of the talented young beneficiare, the music being from the Operas of "Lucia" and "Guillaume Tell," with the well-known "Carnival de Venise," which received an encore . . .

"MRS. HANCOCK'S CONCERT", The Argus (6 October 1854), 5

This lady gave a concert last evening at the Mechanics' to, we are sorry to add, rather a meagre audience . . . Miss E. Smith played a piano-forte solo upon airs from Der Frieschutz [sic] and Oberon, but much of the effect of her brilliant performance was lost through the wretched condition of the instrument . . .

"COLLINGWOOD THEATRE", The Argus (11 October 1854), 5 

The New Vaudeville theatre, now in course of erection at Collingwood by Mr. Beauvais, of the European Hotel, will be completed about the 20th instant. The management is to be entrusted to M. Barre, the vocalist, and, we are informed, engagements have been entered into with Mrs. Hancock, Miss E. Smith, and other popular artistes. A vaudeville company is being collected, and the proprietor seems determined not to spare expense in order to ensure success.

"THE CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (30 October 1854), 4 

The very full and respectable attendance at the Theatre on Saturday evening was quite refreshing . . . Miss Smith, on the piano, took the audience completely by storm. Her style of playing is after the new school of Herz, Lizt [Liszt], and Thalberg . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (11 December 1854), 1 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - MRS. E. HANCOCK'S Grand Evening Concert . . . Monday, December 11 . . .
PROGRAMME. Part 1st . . . Solo, Piano, "Bohemian Airs," Miss E. Smith . . .
Part 2nd . . . Solo, Piano, "Fantasia" (Oberson,) Miss E. Smith . . .

"CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Age (12 December 1854), 5 

Last evening, Mrs. Hancock made her last appearance before the Melbourne public, in the Hall of this Institute, supported by a brilliant array of professional talent . . . We cannot pass over the performances of Miss Smith, whose execution of the Bohemian airs on the piano was chaste and spirited . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 December 1854), 1 

TO Let, the late Residence of Mr. Robert Smith, pianoforte tuner and repairer, Brunswick-street.

"MISKA HAUSER", The Argus (1 June 1855), 5 

. . . Miss E. Smith is well-known to the people of Melbourne as a performer on the piano. About fifteen months ago, on her arrival from England, she played in public in such a manner as to merit even higher praise than was accorded to her. Since that time she has made few public appearances, and her performance last night, while it fulfilled the expectations of her admirers, showed how much careful study, even without the advantage of the best tuition, could accomplish in developing musical talent. The execution of Miss E. Smith last night warrants the most sanguine expectations of her future eminence as a pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 June 1855), 8

MIKSA HAUSER . . . GRAND CONCERT will take place on Thursday Evening, 21st June, at the Mechanics' Institution. On which occasion he will be assisted by Mrs. Testar, Miss Emilie Smith (the celebrated Pianiste), and Mr. Bial.
Programme - Part I . . . Solo, Pianoforte - Fantasia Brilliante on Airs from "La Favorite" (Schulhoff), Miss Smith . . .
Part II . . . Solo, Pianoforte - "We're a' Noddin" (Thalberg), Miss E. Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miska Hauser (violinist); Charles Bial (pianist, accompanist)

MUSIC: Fantasie on the favorite air We're a' noddin (Sigmund Thalberg)

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 July 1855), 8 

EXHIBITION BUILDING . . . MISS CATHERINE HAYES has most kindly volunteered her services in aid of the funds for the relief of the Destitute in Collingwood, for a grand Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT On Friday Evening, July 6th, on which occasion the following distinguished artistes have also most kindly proffered their aid: Mrs. Testar, Miss Emilie Smith, Messrs. Clifford, Thom, Strebinger, Johnson, and Lavenu . . .
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . Solo, Pianoforte, "We're a' noddin," Miss E. Smith - Thalberg . . .
Part II . . . Fantasia Brilliante on Airs from "Ernani," Miss E. Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Bream Thom (violinist); Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor, cellist); Henry Johnson (clarinettist, bandmaster); George Clifford (vocalist)

"THE CONCERT ON FRIDAY", The Age (9 July 1855), 4-5 

The concert in the Exhibition Building on Friday evening was, in all respects, a brilliant affair . . . After a song from Mr. Clifford, the Mayor led in the main attraction of the evening, Miss Catherine Hayes, whose appearance was the signal for a burst of prolonged applause . . . [5] . . . Miss E. Smith executed two solos on the piano with that hard, hammering touch which is fast becoming an incurable mannerism, - (more's the pity) . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 August 1855), 7 

PIANOFORTE, Cottage, suited for an elegant drawing-room. Unequalled for touch and tone. Glass Cottage, Victoria Parade.
PIANOFORTE, Second Hand, in excellent condition for £30. Robert Smith, Glass Cottage, Victoria Parade.
PIANOFORTE, Grand Square, by Broadwood, quite new, to be sold a bargain. Glass Cottage, Victoria Parade.
PIANOFORTES, Tuned, Repaired, Bought, and Sold on commission. Robert Smith, from Broadwood's, Glass Cottage, Victoria Parade.

[Advertisement], The Age (7 February 1856), 1 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Miss Emilie Smith has the honor to announce that she will give
A GRAND CONCERT, On Thursday evening, February 7, at the Mechanics' Institution, on which occasion the celebrated Hungarian Violinist, MISKA HAUSER, will re-appear, and perform several of his choicest morceaux. Mrs. TESTAR and Mr . BIAL will also assist.
Programme - Part I . . . Introduction - Pianoforte . . . Grand Fantasia on airs from "Sonnambula," Variations de Bravura (Thalberg) - Miss Emilie Smith . . .
Part II . . . Duett from "Norma," for two pianos, by Thalberg, (for the first time in the Colonies) - Miss Emilie Smith and Mr. Bial . . .
Solo, Pianoforte - "Pre aux clercs, (Herz) - Miss Emilie Smith . . .

MUSIC: Grande caprice sur des motifs de La Sonnambula, op. 46 (Thalberg); Grand duo pour deux pianos sur un motif de Norma de Bellini (Thalberg); Variations brillantes di bravura sur le Trio Favori du Pré aux Clercs de Herold, op. 76 (Herz)

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Age (8 February 1856), 3 

Yesterday evening despite the opposing influences of a heavy rain and flooded streets, this concert proved the success that its numerous attractions warranted, and must have been highly gratifying to those engaged. Had the artistes been anything short of first-rate, an empty house might have been fairly calculated upon and it says much for the faith and enthusiasm of those who attended that they set the elements at defiance; but in doing so they were rewarded by being privileged to listen to one of the best miscellaneous musical entertainments which for some time the Melbourne public has had an opportunity of attending. The accomplished pianiste herself won deserved plaudits for her marvellous execution, and was encored on every occasion. In conjunction with M. Bial, in the duett for two instruments on themes from "Norma," by Thalberg, she excelled herself, and it is but just to state that she was most ably supported, and received on more than one occasion graceful compliments from the admiring audience in the shape of numerous bouquets. Miss Smith's precision and unerring certainty of touch was the subject of general admiration, and the most difficult passages seemed to her as facile as any . . . we trust that we shall not permanently lose the treat of listening to the able pianoforte playing of the graceful beneficiare.

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Argus (8 February 1856), 5 

. . . Miss Emilie Smith has established herself most deservedly as one of the greatest favorites in the best concerts here, and it must have been very gratifying to her to notice that the audience last evening comprised the greatest part of the musical cognoscenti of Melbourne who despite the weather, had determined to enjoy the first class performanes announced. Miss Smith gave Thalberg's Grand Fantasia on airs from the "Sonnambula," also a composition by Herz from Herold's "Pre aux Clercs;" and, with M. Bial, a duet on two pianofortes composed by Thalberg from airs in Norma. Miss Emilie Smith's brilliant execution of these difficult compositions obtained the loudest applause and in each case an encore was demanded although, only in one instance complied with. We understand this will have been Miss Smith's last appearance in public at Melbourne - a circumstance which will, we are sure, be much regretted by the world of musical amateurs and the best patrons of the few superior concerts with which we are occasionally favored. Miss Emilie Smith has at a very early age made for herself an excellent reputation in her profession and would eventually beyond all doubt achieve the very highest rank as a pianiste if for a year or two longer she had striven for a great name. Her reception last evening under the unenlivening influence of the weather proved that her popularity was greater than ever . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1856), 8

Under the distinguished patronage of His Excellency the Acting Governor, Sii William and Lady A'Beckett, And The Right Worshipful the Mayor.
Assisted by MRS. TESTAR, MISKA HAUSER, SIG. PABLO BORSOTTI, (First time,) and M. BIAL.
PROGRAMME. - PART I . . . Solo, Pianoforte - "La Estraniera," Grand Fantasia Brilliante, (Thalberg,) Miss Emilie Smith . . .
PART II. Grand Duo, from "Norma," (by desire) for two pianos, Miss Emilie Smith and M. Bial . . .
Solo, Pianoforte - Caprice von Boehmische Lieder, (Bohemian Airs,) (Shullhoff,) Miss Emilie Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Paolo Borsotti (vocalist)

MUSIC: Fantaisie sur des motifs de La straniera [Bellini] (Thalberg); Caprice sur des airs bohémiens (Julius Schulhoff)

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Argus (26 February 1856), 5

The grand vocal and instrumental concert given by Miss E. Smith last evening at the Mechanics' Institution was attended by a numerous and fashionable audience. We expect the Hall would have been crowded to an overflow but that the threatening aspect of the weather affected the numbers of the audience at the theatres and concert rooms all over the city. The selection of the programme was very happy, and was admirably supported by the talents of Miska Hauser, Mrs. Testar, Signor Borsotti, Mr. Bial, and last but not least, the accomplished beneficiare of the evening, Miss Emilie Smith, who gave the grand fantasia, by Thalberg, from "La Estraniera," with great brilliancy; and we noticed with pleasure a great advance toward that perfection of delicacy of touch which was all that was wanting to enable this charming young artiste to justly claim rank with the best modern professors of the pianoforte. It appeared as though Miss Smith had caught a new inspiration from the great maestro on the violin, Miska Hauser, with whom she has now played at a considerable number of concerts here. Miss Smith's fantasia was warmly encored, and the caprice on Bohemian airs which she played in the second part was re-demanded, and would have been repeated but for the lateness of the hour. During the evening Miss Smith also performed a grand duo from "Norma," with M. Bial, on two pianofortes, which was much applauded . . .

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Age (26 February 1856), 3 

. . . Miss Smith's pianoforte playing was distinguished as usual for its brilliancy and power, and she was encored in almost every piece. Her rendering of Thalberg's magnificent fantasia from airs in "La Straniera," the encore Blumenthal's "La Source," and her duett with Mr. Bial on airs from "Norma" on two pianos, were remarkable examples of her unerring fingering and brilliant execution . . .

MUSIC: La source (Jacques Blumenthal)

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 September 1856), 6 

MISS E. SMITH, Pianist, continues to give Instruction on the Pianoforte. Apply Glass Cottage, Victoria-parade.

[Advertisement], The Age (23 February 1857), 1 

MISKA HAUSER . . . A GRAND CLASSICAL CONCERT . . . On MONDAT, February 23rd, 1857, At the Mechanics' Institution.
PROGRAMME . . . SECOND PART . . . Solo, Piano - Fantasia from the Opera "Straniera" - Thalberg - MISS EMILIE SMITH . . .
THIRD PART . . . Solo, Piano - "The Carnival of Venice," Schulhoff - MISS EM1LIE SMITH . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1857), 8 

MISKA HAUSER . . . Third Grand Classical CONCERT,
For the Benefit of MISS EMELIE SMITH, The favorite Pianist,
Programme . . . Part Second . . . Piano Solo - Grand Fantasia on Bohemian Airs - N. Kuhe . . .
Part Third . . . Piano Solo - Variations on "We're a Nodding" - Thalberg . . .

"MISKA HAUSER'S THIRD CONCERT", The Argus (6 March 1857), 5 

. . . Miss Emilie Smith, for whose benefit the concert was given, was encored in both the pieces she executed, a well-earned honour. She is evidently advancing steadily and systematically in the profession which we believe she is destined to ornament. Her touch is naturally free, firm, and facile; and she is gradually acquiring that discrimination which is so essential to the true artiste. The execution of a musical composition resembles that of a picture in many respects. There should be the same nice adjustment of light and shade, harmonious gradation of colour, and unity of sentiment; and it is in these particulars that the progress made by Miss Smith is most observable and most satisfactory. As illustrations of this remark, we would refer to her playing of the variations on the Druid's March in Norma, as also to those on "We're a' Noddin'," in both of which there was a nice distribution of light and shadow, combined with an intelligent perception of the sentiment of each composition . . .


. . . If possible Miss Smith has improved in her piano-forte playing - her touch is more delicate than when we heard her in the concerts of last season, and she has acquired increased brilliancy of execution. The pieces assigned her on the programme were, Thalberg's variations on "We're a Nodding," and Kuhe's grand fantasia on Bohemian airs. For encores, she favored the audience with airs from Norma and variations on "God Save the Queen," in all of which she displayed her entire command of the instrument over which she presided. The fair pianiste was exceedingly well received . . .

[Advertisement], The Age (12 March 1857), 1 

MISKA HAUSER'S Last Appearance and Farewel CONCERT. This Evening, 12th March 1857, At the Mechanics' Institution.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo, piano, Fantasia brilliante on airs from "Lucia" - Prudent - Miss Emilie Smith . . .
PART II . . . Solo, piano, "Les Hirondelles" - Thalberg [? Streich] - Miss Emilie Smith . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1857), 8 

PART FIRST . . . Fantasia Brilliante for the Pianoforte "Les Hirondelles" Miss Emilie Smith - Sterich [Streich] . . .
PART THE SECOND . . . Grand Fantasia - "La Cracovienne" Miss Emilie Smith - V. Wallace . . .

"MRS. TESTAR'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (15 April 1857), 6 

. . . Miss Emilie Smith is well entitled to rank as a brilliant pianiste - one who has gone a great way towards accomplishing all that can be effected with the pianoforte, and the results of the severe training she has imposed on herself are found in the complete success she attains with her audiences. Last night she amply sustained her growing reputation . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1857), 8

Violinist, late Musical Director at Berlin, Having just arrived from Germany,
has the honor to announce that his Introductory GRAND CONCERT
will take place on THURSDAY, 6th AUGUST, 1857, At the above Saloon:
When he will be assisted by the following Artistes:
Miss Emily Smith, Mr. Schluter. Mr. Siede, and his brother Mr. Charles Bial.
PROGRAMME Part I . . . 4. Grand Fantasia for the Piano, on Weber's "Oberon" - Miss Emily Smith . . .
Part II . . . 4. Grand Solo for the Piano - Miss Emily Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rodolphe Bial (violinist, brother of Charles Bial); Adolph Schluter (vocalist); Julius Siede (flautist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 September 1857), 7 

ROBERT SMITH, Pianoforte-Tuner, from Broadwood's. - On SALE, first-class English and Foreign PIANOS. Some superior Second-hand by Broadwood and others. Class Cottage [? Glass Cottage], Victoria-parade.

[Advertisement], The Age (3 November 1857), 1 

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . THE FIFTH SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT For the Year, Will be held in the EXHIBITION BUILDING, This Evening, November 3rd, 1857 . . .
Principal Performers: - MRS. HANCOCK, (Who has kindly volunteered her services.)
MRS. GOODLIFFE, MISS EMILY SMITH, and MR. FARQUHARSON. Band and Chorus of One Hundred Performers.
Leader - Mr. King (of the Bath Concerts). Conductor Mr. J. Russell.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Grand Fantasie, Piano - On the Prayer in "Mose in Egitto" - Miss Emily Smith - Thalberg . . .
PART II . . . Piano - "Fantasie Brilliantes les Hirondelles" - Miss Emily Smith - Streech [sic, Streich] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Melbourne Philharmonic Society; John Russell (conductor); Edward King (violinist, leader); Mrs. Goodliffe (vocalist); Robert Farquharson (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: Fantasie sur Moise de Rossini (Thalberg)

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1858), 7

MISS EMILIE SMITH, Pianiste, RESUMES her PROFESSIONAL ENGAGEMENTS on Monday, 11th January. Glass Cottage, Ylctorla-parade.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1858), 8 

PIANOFORTES Correctly TUNED, reduced prices, Robert Smith, Glass Cottage, Victoria-parade, fifteen years with Messrs. Broadwoods.

Marriage solemnized in the district of St. Peter's Melbourne, 1858; St. Peter's Eastern Hill (DIGITISED)

[No.] 1031 / This Fourth Day of November at St. Peter's Church /
Frederick Coster / Bachelor / [born] New Brunswick America / Solicitor / 31 / [presently of] Richmond / [usually of] Richmond / [parents] Frederck Coster, clergyman, Matilda Wright
Emma Smith / Spinster/ [born] London / - / 20 / [presently of] Victoria Parade / [usually of] Melbourne / [parents] Robert Smith, Piano-forte maker, Elizabeth Faulder

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (5 November 1858), 4 

On the 4th inst., by special licence, at St. Peter's Church, Collingwood, by the Rev. H. H. P. Handfield, Frederick Coster, Esq., of Melbourne, solicitor, to Emma, eldest daughter of Mr. R. Smith, of Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1858), 7 

PIANOFORTE, Cottage, by Broadwood, beautiful zebrawood case. 45 l. Robert Smith, Glass Cottage, Victoria-parade.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1859), 2 

SUPERIOR PIANO for HIRE first-class rosewood cottage, bargain, proprietor leaving for England. Glass Cottage, Victoria parade.

NOTE: This is the last certain record of Robert Smith until 1867; in November 1864 Abraham Emanuel, moved from Sydney, and first advertised in Melbourne from Smith's former address

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (12 August 1867), 3 

PIANOFORTE TUNING, Regulating and Repairing.
ROBERT SMITH, FROM MELBOURNE, Many years with Messrs. Broadwood and Collard.
IN returning thanks to his patrons and friends in Portland and district, begs to state that he is on his Periodical Tour, and may be depended upon as usual, on the 20th of the present month, to Tune and Regulate the various Pianos entrusted to his care.

"PIANOFORTE TUNING", Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (27 January 1870), 2 

Mr. Robert Smith, so long and favourably known in Portland, in the tuning of pianofortes, intimates by advertisement that he may be expected on his periodic professional visit about the beginning of February.

"PIANOFORTE TUNING", Portland Guardian (15 November 1879), 2 

We observe that Mr. Robert Smith, from Melbourne, has announced that he will visit Portland at the end of November for the purpose of tuning pianos.

[Advertisement], The North Eastern Ensign [Benalla, VIC] (14 October 1884), 2 

Shire Hall, Benalla. Friday, 24th October, 1884.
GRAND Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT! GIVEN BY The Town Band Association.
PERFORMERS: Mrs. J. H Watmuff (nèe Miss Bessie Pitts), Soprano
Mrs. Coster - Solo Pianiste; Miss Fanny Coster - Pianiste
Signor Paladini - Italian Tenor; Mr. W. H. Croker - Amateur English Tenor; Mr. Arthur Watt - Do do Baritone.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 3. Piano Solo - Grand Fantasia (W. V. Wallace) Mrs. COSTER . . .
PART II. 1. Duett (piano) - "Faust" - (Gounod) Mrs. and Miss F. COSTER . . .

"THE BAND CONCERT", The North Eastern Ensign (28 October 1884), 2 

. . . Mrs. Coster played for the first piano solo the well known Polish dance, "La Cracovienne," with variations by Vincent Wallace. The utmost brilliancy of execution is required in this popular piece, and it was received with great applause, protracted until Mrs. Coster appeared again and played Henri Ketten's celebrated "Caprice" so often performed in Melbourne by that great artist . . .

"TRINITY CHURCH BENALLA", The North Eastern Ensign [Benalla, VIC] (26 April 1889), 2 

. . . Two pianoforte solos "Sonata Pathetique" (Beethoven), and "Prayer from Mose in Egitto" (Thalberg), were rendered excellently by Mrs. Coster, and received well merited applause from the audience . . .

"Deaths", The Age (16 October 1889), 1 

Smith. - On the 12th October, at the residence of his son Sidney Smith, 42 Raleigh-street, Windsor, Robert Smith, in his 86th year.

"Marriages", Table Talk [Melbourne, VIC] (17 July 1891), 10 

HIMMER - COSTER. - Among the pleasant social events of the past week in which Melbourne people will take an interest is the marriage of Herr Rudolf Himmer (the well-known vocalist and teacher), eldest son of Herr Franz Himmer, Hildesheim, Germany, and Miss Emeli Coster, eldest daughter of Mr. Frederick Coster, solicitor, of Benalla, which took place in Holy Trinity Church, Benalla, on Wednesday, July 8 . . .

"Weddings", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (25 July 1891), 183 

HIMMER - COSTER. - Sydney people will remember with pleasure the singing of Herr Rudolf Himmer, who arrived in Australia with M. Eduard Remenyi, and has for some years been a successful teacher at singing in Melbourne. Herr Himmer, who is the son of Herr Franz Himmer, of Hildesheim, Germany, has now cemented his bonds with Australia by marrying Miss Emelie Coster, eldest daughter of Mr. Frederick Coster, solicitor, Benalla . . .


"SOCIAL NOTES", The Australasian [Melbourne, VIC] (21 April 1894), 34 

A concert was recently given at Benalla, in aid of the Horticultural Society, which was a very successful affair. Amongst the performers were Mrs. F. Coster (mother of Mrs. Rudolf Himmer) . . .

"VISIT OF THE BISHOP OF MELBOURNE TO BENALLA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 November 1896), 4 

. . . a programme of music and tableaux was gone through. Mrs. Coster and Mrs. Nicholson plaved a pianoforte duet, entitled "Spanish Dance," with great skill . . .

"DEATHS", The Australasian (23 September 1911), 68 

COSTER. - On the 13th September, at the residence of her son-In-law, Herr Rudolf Himmer, "Hildesheim," Denbigh-road, Armadale, Emma, widow of the late Frederick Coster, solicitor, of Melbourne and Benalla.

"From A Musicians Scrap Book", Examiner (12 February 1938), 5 

The latest appointment announced by the Australian Broadcasting Commission is that of Mr. Rudolf Himmer as Federal Controller of Celebrity Concerts. Mr.Rudolf Himmer was born at Balaclava, near Melbourne, and was educated at Wesley College (Melbourne). He entered the services of the Adelaide Steamship Company as a boy, working his way up to confidential secretary to the Melbourne manager. In 1927 Mr. Himmer joined the staff of the late A. P. Sykes, well-known musical instrument importer and record distributor, for some years managing the wholesale record department. He left that firm to join the Australian Broadcasting Commission in October, 1935. On the appointment of Mr. William G. James to the position of Federal Controller of Music, Mr. Himmer became controller of programmes in Victoria. He was associated with the Australian Broadcasting Commission as far back as 1932, when he gave his first broadcast of annotated programmes known as international celebrities. This session turned out to be one of the most popular features of its kind on the air. Mr. Himmer has a musical background on both sides of his family. His grandfather, Franz Himmer, was an opera singer of great repute in Germany, and sang the leading tenor roles i the first opera company to present the works of Wagner in the United States of America. Mr. Himmer's father, the late Rudolf Himmer, was a well-known and highly respected tenor, concert singer, and teacher in Melbourne for many years. Mr Himmer's grandmother, Emma Smith, was a very well known and exceptionally brilliant pianiste in the early days of Melbourne. His mother also was a pianiste, and as such became associated with Mr. Himmer's father as accompanist on his arrival in Melbourne in the concert party which toured with the celebrated Hungarian violinist and patriot Edourd Remenyi.

ASSOCIATIONS: Franz Himmer; William G. James


On Clara Loveday's earlier career, see "MORE OF PAGANINI'S AVARICE", The Musical World (18 October 1838), 113 

Freia Hoffmann, "Loveday, Clara", Europäische Instrumentalistinnen des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts (Sophie Drinker Institut 

? "DEATHS", The Argus (24 July 1858), 4 

On the 23rd inst., at 92 Collins-street east, of consumption, Emily Sophia Smith, late of Bristol, England, aged 20 years, Deeply regretted by all who knew her. Bristol papers please copy.

SMITH, Fanny Cochrane

Indigenous leader, singer

Born Flinders Island, VDL (TAS), December 1834
Died Poet Cygnet, TAS, 24 February 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

Go to main entry on her 1899 and 1903 song recordings: 


In 1899 and 1903 she recorded songs on wax cylinders: held in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, these are the only recordings ever made of Tasmanian Aboriginal song and speech. Longman 1960 gives a detailed account of the making of the recordings and their contents, their survival, several re-recordings.

Fanny Cochrane Smith and Horace Watson, c.1899


"FANNY COCHRANE", The Mercury (14 September 1882), 2

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The Mercury (13 October 1888), 4

The House of Assembly has again decided to grant the last of the aborigines, Fanny Smith, a grant of 100 acres of land she now occupies and 200 acres more, for which a resolution was passed in 1884, but failed to have effect given to it. It is denied by some that Fanny Smith, nee Cochrane, is a pure aborigine, Mr. Lette contending with assurance that the lady is a half-caste. The decision of this question would be worth a committee of inquiry, for if Fanny Smith is only a half-caste many more exist in the Straits, and other claims have been set up; while if she is a pure aborigine she deserves much more consideration, and would merit it by her very estimable character. The best testimony in favour of her claim is that she has enjoyed a pension of £50 a year as an aboriginal woman for many years.

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF TASMANIA", The Mercury (10 September 1889), 4

"KING BILLY'S PLAYMATE", The Mercury (31 August 1899), 3

At the entertainment given by Mr. Horace Watson at Sandy Bay on Tuesday evening last, "A Night with the Blacks," a very unique and remarkable item was introduced into the programme. Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last survivor of the Tasmanian aboriginal race, was present, and at the lecturer's invitation spoke and sang in her native tongue to the audience. She stated that she and King Billy had been brought up together, and appeared quite touched when pictures of many of her old friends amongst the aborigines were shown on the screen. In all probability this sole representative in the whole world of an almost extinct race will appear shortly before the public here.

"ON DIT", Tasmanian News (27 October 1899), 1

ON DIT . . . That the entertainment at the Temperance Hall on Monday will be singularly interesting. That it will deal with the Tasmanian Aborigines. That Miss Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of her race, will sing in her native tongue. That, above all others, school children should attend this entertainment.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (28 October 1899), 3

TEMPERANCE HALL. MONDAY NIGHT. To MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH (The Last of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Race), 60 Magnificent Limelight Views of Tasmania, Australia, and South Sea Blacks. Unique Collection of Native Weapons. Instrumental Items by the following: Messrs. Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra; M. Vincent, E. Midwood, P. Henry; Misses Cripps and Duggan. MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH Will sing in the Aboriginal Tongue. SCHOOL CHILDREN should not miss this opportunity. ADMISSION-6d.; Reserved, 1s. Commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE LAST OF THE ABORIGINES", The Mercury (31 October 1899), 2

An interesting entertainment for the benefit of Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of the Tasmanian aborigines, was given last evening at the Temperance-hall in the presence of a satisfactory audience. The entertainment mainly consisted of 69 lantern views of scenes connected with the early history of Tasmania, such as the landing places of Tasman and Cook; portraits of Tasmanian aboriginals, particularly some of the last and best known; and views of scenes and natives of Victoria, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Samoa. An interesting lecture explaining the pictures was delivered by Mr. H. Watson. A collection of native weapons, utensils, and instruments were also shown. Mrs. Smith, whose home is at Port Cygnet, and who was attended by the member of the Assembly for her district, Mr. J. W. Evans, was present, and made a neat, intelligent and amusing little speech, in good idiomatic English. She vindicated the good character of her race; described their love of honesty, and said that, unlike white people, they disliked kissing, which they looked upon as an insincere method of salutation. Speaking of herself, she said she was 60 years of age, had 11 children, who were all still living, and that, for many years past, her husband (who is a white man) had been disabled by paralysis. She speaks three native languages or dialects, and sang two songs in her own particular tongue, which were simple and melodious. Selections of instrumental music were rendered during the evening by Mr. M. Vincent, Master E. Midwood, and Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra. Mrs. Smith has a pension of £50 a year from the Tasmanian Government.

"On Dit", Tasmanian News (27 February 1905), 1

"THE ROYAL SOCIETY. ABORIGINAL SPEECH", The Mercury (15 June 1909), 6

"ABORIGINAL SPEECH", Tasmanian News (15 June 1909), 2

Mr. H. B. Ritz read an interesting paper on the speech of the Tasmanian aboriginals. He said he called it a "speech," not a language, for it consisted of several languages. His paper indicated his efforts to lay the foundation of a systematic study of the speech of that primitive race, He hoped, in course of time, to lay before members of the society a reconstruction of the language, as far as it could be done. The records were scanty, still fairly ample, considering the small number of the constituent parts of the language. In proceeding with the investigation it opened up interesting veins of thought, and promised to lead to important results in the domains of philology, ethnology, and anthropology. The characteristics of the speech were so primitive and unstable that he could not classify them by any of the rules given in text-books. The roots were liable to variation within certain limits. A root word might have a certain meaning in one family, and quite a different one in another. To find the principles underlying the phenomena of Tasmanian aboriginal speech was the object of his investigation. Some said the speech was akin to that of the aborigines on the mainland, and some parts akin to that of the South Sea islands. It was on this assumption that ethnological affinity had been based; but he did not think it justified the existence of ethnological affinity. They might, however establish analogies. However primitive the thought and speech of the aborigines of Tasmania were they were of the same kind as those of all other primitive races of which we have any note. There certainly were several dialects of the Tasmanian aboriginal divided geographically. Two of these were easily distinguished, namely, the north-western and western speech, and eastern and southern speech. He analysed the records of Roth and others. It was a primitive and infantile method of conveying thought. He dwelt on the intonation, word accent and modulations of the speech. Mr. Horace Watson, of Sandy Bay, an ardent student of aboriginal life, had shown much kindness to Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, one of the direct descendants of the Tasmanian aboriginals, and she had to show her gratitude to him by singing two of the native songs into a phonograph. The lecturer said the melody of one of the songs suggested to him that it was taken from the piping song of the native magpie. The two interesting phonograph records were then heard on the instrument, which was manipulated by Mr. Trowbridge. Mr. A. J. Taylor commended Mr. Ritz for endeavouring to reconstruct the original mode of speech of the natives. (Applause.) He mentioned that there were two ladies at Kettering who had been acquainted with the blacks when on Flinders island, and who could afford Mr. Ritz much useful information.

"ABORIGINES' CAMP", The Mercury (23 May 1931), 10 

. . . After the Attorney-General's address a phonograph cylinder record of the only Tasmanian aborigine's song ever made was reproduced on a machine. The record was found recently in the Museum by Mr. Clive Lord, and had unusual interest in connection with the group exhibit made public yesterday. The song was sung by Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, of Cygnet, said then to be one of the last full-blooded-aboriginals alive but evidence of white blood exists. It is a song about flowers and springtime and Mr. Lord has obtained a translation of it. Approximately it carries a range of five or six notes, but is mostly sung on one or two, with sudden burst on the higher level. From the point of melody it cannot be said to have any and the general effect is rather of intoning or chanting. To civilised ear it bears no relation to songs as understood, and the only thing to which one can liken it is Chinese singing. How ever, as the only record made it has unique distinction, and if Mr. Lord's purpose of having a flat disc record made from it be carried out, no doubt other museums and ethnological authorities will welcome the chance of securing a copy.

"RECORDINGS OF ABORIGINAL SONGS PLAYED", The Mercury (14 January 1949), 2

Aboriginal Recordings. VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX, By a Staff Reporter. IN a backyard at Sandy Bay before the turn of the century a tremulous-voiced old woman who had been the "mate" of King Billy in her youth sang for posterity songs of the extinct Tasmanian race. YESTERDAY, an echo of the far off days was brought into another Sandy Bay home when 82 year-old Miss Emily Keene told the story of Fanny Cochrane-Smith. Miss Keene remembers vividly the occasion when the recordings were made by Mr. Horace Watson, a chemist and dentist. They are believed to be the only recordings in existence of the aboriginal tongue. Four of the recordings are in the possession of the Tasmanian Museum. A fifth cylinder, on which was recorded the translation of the songs, was broken some time ago. When the recordings were made, Mr. Watson sent copies to universities all over the world. Miss Keene told me yesterday that when Mr. Watson played the recordings back to Fanny Cochrane Smith, she cried: "My poor race. What have I done." "We could not pacify her for a long time," Miss Keene said. "She thought the voice she heard was that of her mother." Explaining how the recordings were made, Miss Keene said Mr. Watson had organised a Fanny Cochrane-Smith's benefit when financial troubles arose, and the recordings were made out of appreciation for Mr. Watson's services. Miss Keene believes that some relatives of Fanny Cochrane-Smith are still living. However, she is not sure whether any of them can speak the aboriginal tongue. She is sure of one thing, and that is that Fanny Cochrane-Smith did not make any other recordings than those for Mr. Watson. The only white person whom Miss Keene remembers could speak the aboriginal tongue is now dead. "She was a fine woman, and had a true appreciation of the worth of her fellows," was Miss Keene's tribute to Fanny Cochrane-Smith. So the past became vivid again for awhile. Then the kindly woman who remembers a lost tongue went back into the sunshine of her garden, and the other garden she told about faded into the years. [Photo caption: Fanny Cochrane-Smith making a recording of an aboriginal song for Mr. Horace Watson in the backyard of a Sandy Bay home last century.]

"Aboriginal Recordings VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX", The Mercury (23 March 1949), 5 

"DAUGHTER OF FANNY COCHRANE-SMITH", The Mercury (24 March 1949), 6

"Talk On Research Into Folk Music", The Mercury (17 March 1950), 5

"Carena's Column", Examiner (8 July 1953), 8

"VOICE LINK WITH A LOST RACE", The Newcastle Sun (19 August 1953), 5

"WORTH REPORTING: Musical relic of the past", The Australian Women's Weekly (23 February 1955), 34 

Audio recording:

Fanny Cochrane Smith's Tasmanian Aboriginal Songs (1903) [recte 1899], NFSA/Screen Australia,

"Fanny Cochrane Smith recordings: 1899 and 1903", Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (7 February 2013) 


Barnard 1889 

Roth 1899, especially Appendix G 

Ritz 1908

Ritz 1909

Longman 1960 (digitised at

Moyle 1960

Moyle 1983

Thomas 2007

Skinner 2017


J. Clark, "Smith, Fanny Cochrane (1834-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

"Fanny Cochrane Smith", Wikipedia 


AIATSIS, The Alice Moyle Collection, papers, Cylinder recordings of Fanny Cochrane Smith

SA Museum, Norman Tindale, papers, documentation for speech and sound recordings 

SMITH, George

Amateur musician (Dilletanti Society), music retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


On 17 January, W. A. Duncan drew to the attention of Chronicle readers the newly established firm of Reid, Smith, and McCrohan, who had taken over the music shop and business of Andrew Ellard. On 23 January, the Gazette reported:

AS we were passing the shop of Messrs. Reid, Smith, & M'Crohan (late Mr. A. Ellard's), on the night of Tuesday last, between the hours of 9 and 10 o'clock, we had the pleasure of hearing several airs played by a very full and efficient orchestra. On enquiry we were informed that it was the rehearsal night of a new musical society called the 'Delatanti Society'. We heard in particular one set of Mozart's celebrated waltzes played in a style we have never heard surpassed in this colony. Dr. Reid, we are informed, is the leader . . .

On 28 January, the Dilletanti Society warned the public "on account of this Society, to George Smith, late Secretary, he having been expelled by unanimous vote of the General Meeting", and on 31 January his erstwhile business partners James Reid and Jeremiah McCrohan also advertised that Smith was no longer associated with their business.


"Music", Australasian Chronicle (17 January 1840), 3

"DELATANTI SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 January 1840), 2

"DILLETANTI SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (27 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (31 January 1840), 2

SMITH, George Frederick (George Frederick SMITH; G. F. SMITH)

Amateur musician, pianist, tenor vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society), choral conductor

Born Cambridgeshire, England, March 1828; son of William Hutchinson SMITH and Elizabeth JUDD
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1853
Married Anne Maria SUTTON (d. 1874), VIC, 1857
Died Williamstown, VIC, 30 March 1809, aged "81" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LECTURES", Leader (13 October 1866), 11 

"Philharmonic Societies", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (10 October 1885), 767 

. . . The Melbourne Philharmonic Society has existed for more than 31 years of the 50 which mark the life of the colony of Victoria. One at least of its founders still lives, the tenor singer, Mr. G. F. Smith, who sang "The Death of Nelson" when the Metropolitan Liedertafel visited Sydney, about four years ago . . .

"CONCENTRATES", Williamstown Chronicle (21 March 1908), 3 

Mr. G. F. Smith, who will next week celebrate his 8Oth birthday, is announced to sing to-morrow night at the Electra-street Methodist Church the solo "In native worth."

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 March 1909), 1 

SMITH. - On the 30th March, at 53 Melbourne-road, Williamstown, George Frederick Smith (formerly town clerk, Williamstown), aged 81 years. (No flowers, by request.)


A VERY old Williamstown identity passed away about 2 a.m. on Tuesday morning at his residence, Melbourne-road. The deceased was Mr. G. F. Smith. He was about 81 years of age and a native of Cambridgeshire, England. For about 40 years to the day he had been town clerk, on his retirement on April 6th, 1904. At that period he was the oldest town clerk of the State and probably the Commonwealth. Mr. Smith emigrated to Australia in the very early "Fifties," becoming town clerk in 1864. Previously he was in the employment of the early Vidtorian Railways and was induced to relinquish his position to enter municipal life, chiefly at the instance [of] leading local public men of that period, who then, like himself, regarded the prospects of Williamstown, of a particularly roseate color. In latter years he had been heard to regret his choice, as when he retired from municipal life had be been instead associated with the railways his pension would have been £400 per annum instead of the £60 gratuity he was in receipt of from the Williamstown Council. Deceased was a man of marked ability in various ways. He was exceedingly well versed in municipal law and a most expert and neat accountant (his business books being a picture), likewise a clever caligraphist of "the old school," and noted at one time (before lithography came into prominence) as a writer of illuminated addressees. Probably his most note worthy traits was the possession of a well-trained voice which he retained to the end. Only one day last week he was testing its resonancy in the local Council Chambers with a brother musician. The ballad by which he was best known in public was "The Death of Nelson," which he sang before the children of the Central State School last Arbor Day. Mr. Smith had for a long period of years been identified with the Melbourne Philharmonic and Liedertafel Societies. Some 46 years ago he took part with the noted concert singer, Mr. Armes Beaumont, in the production of "The Messiah," presented in Melbourne. On one occasion he sang, when on a visit to Tasmania, before the then Governor of that State and was highly complimented by His Excellency. On his 81st birthday he rendered in splendid voice at the Electra-street Methodist Church "In Native Worth" . . .

SMITH, Henry (Henry SMITH)

Pianist, vocalist, conductor, musical instrument maker, tuner, and repairer, organ builder

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1851-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 August 1851), 3 

MR. HENRY SMITH, will play on Friday, "Away with Melancholy," with variations.
THE Ladies and Gentlemen of Melbourne, are respectfully informed that Mr. Henry Smith having just arrived from England, will conduct a Series of Promenade and Ethiopian Concerts, at the Royal Hotel, in the some style that gained him that notoriety, both in England and America.
Overture, Drum Polka - Band.
Song, The spirit of the Storm. - T. Allen.
Waltz, Elfin - Band.
Scena, Maniac - Troy Knight.
Solo on the Pianoforte, Away with Melancholy, with variations - Henry Smith.
Buffo, A broth of a Boy - D. Golding.
Song, Give me the Night - T Alien.
Quadrilles, Irish - Band.
Buffo, The Cavalier - Troy Knight.
Overture, The Carnival of Venice - Band.
American Black Songs.
Opening, Polka - Band.
Song, Niggar Hacademy - D. Golding.v Ballad, Undo Ned - Choely.
Song, Stingy Man -Troy Knight.
Ballad, Firefly - T. Allen.
Song, Where do you come from - D. Golding.
Solo on the Pianoforte, Waltz, with variations - Henry Smith.
Finale Chorus, Virginia Rosebud - Company.
Grand Finale, De Railway Gallop - Company.
Admission, One Shilling.
Room open at half-past Seven; commence at Eight precisely.
The Serenaders will play at the Collingwood Hotel, on Thursday and Saturday.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 April 1853), 4 supplement 

HENRY SMITH, of the well-known and old-established House of JOHN SMITH and Co., Organ Builders and Musical Instrument Manufacturers, of the city of Bristol, England, begs respectfully to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Geelong, that he purposes, in connection with his business in Melbourne, professionally visiting the above neighbourhood on Monday, the 21st day of March, 1853, for the purpose of TUNING PIANO-FORTES by yearly contract, or otherwsne. Terms for tuning, 15s. each in Town; within two miles of the Town, £1 1s. each; £2 2s. per annum, to be tuned quarterly. Mr. S. is also prepared to execute orders for organs of every size and description, by contract, to erect the same in any part of the Colony. From the great experience Mr. S. has had as a manufacturer, and having devoted the last fifteen years to the finishing of the above instrument, he is confident of giving every satisfaction.
All orders to he left at Mr. Thomas Brown's, Stationer, Moorabool Street, Geelong.
138, Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, March 4th, 1853.

"ST. FRANCIS'S CATHEDRAL", The Argus (12 November 1853), 5 

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 October 1854), 8

A Vocal and Instrumental Concert will take place this evening, Monday, Oct. 23rd, 1854, in the Exhibition Building, William-street.
Principal Performers. Mrs. Testar, Miss Edwards, Mr. Ewart, and Mr. Hackett.
Instrumentalists: Herr Strebinger, T. King, Mr. Cooze, Mr. Reed, &c. &c.
Conductor - Mr. H. Smith.
Programme . . . Part II . . . Solo, Clarionet, Mr. J. King [sic] . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Clarendon Street, East Melbourne", OHTA 

SMITH, Henry


Active UK, c. 1852-53



Man has antipodes in more than a geographical sense, and not less distant than is Mont Blanc from Botany Bay is Henry from Albert Smith, or his coloured canvass from the charming scenes of the latter, or his flat and threadbare jokes from the bubbling humor and sparkling wit of our friend of the OverIand Route. Henry Smith's songs are as ineffective as his observations are bald and commonplace; and what these want in information is sought to be compensated for by heavy quotations from Joe Miller, or dreary sentimental platitudes of somebody else. Still we suppose the subject will attract many, especially the pictures of diggings wet and dry, at Ballarat, Mount Alexander, Summer Hill Creek, Turon River, and Ophir. The assemblage last night in the Free-Trade Hall was chiefly in the galleries; and by this portion of the auditory Mr. Henry Smith's entertainment seemed to be much enjoyed - Manchester Guardian.

SMITH, Henry Edward (H. E. SMITH)

Songwriter, inspector of schools, amateur lithographer

Active Adelaide, SA,
Died Adelaide, SA, 11 July 1860, aged 34 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE VOLUNTEERS' SONG", South Australian Register (4 November 1859), 3 

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (5 November 1859), 1 Supplement

. . . The concert is in some degree complimentary to the Volunteers of South Australia, his sympathy with whose patriotic movement the Signor has evinced by setting to music an appropriate song written by Mr. H. E. Smith. The words appear in another column, and we have heard the music, which is of a stirring military character . . .

"COLONIAL MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (11 January 1860), 3 

We were some days since favored with a copy of the Volunteers' Song - words by Mr. Smith, music by Signor Cutolo. Our readers are all familiar with this song, as the words have been published in the local papers, and Signor Cutolo's music has elicited the applause of admiring audiences at White's Rooms. It may now be had of the booksellers and others for a small sum. The engraving is well executed, and the frontispiece consists of a smart lithograph by Mr. Wyatt, jun., representing the gallant volunteers - not exactly winning "glorious blood-red biers," but furnishing the same to a number of invaders whom they are picking off most satisfactorily at long range.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (16 July 1860), 2

"THE LATE MR. SMITH", The South Australian Advertiser (16 July 1860), 2 

. . . Mr. Smith was a man of a refined and elegant mind, well versed in literature, and possessed as well all the graceful qualities of companionship likely to endear him to a large circle of friends . . .

Musical works:

Song of the volunteers (composed by Sig. Cutolo; words by H. E. Smith) ([Adelaide: s.n., 1859]) 

SMITH, James

Writer, reviewer and commentator on music and drama (The Argus)

Born Loose, Kent, England, 1820
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854
Died Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1910 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"AMATEUR PERFORMANCE", The Argus (28 July 1855), 5

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES SMITH", The Argus (21 March 1910), 6

. . . Mr. James Smith was one of the oldest journalists of note in Australia. He was connected with the Victorian press for upwards of 50 years. Born near Maidstone, in Kent, he was educated for the Church, but scruples of conscience kept him from taking orders. He then turned to journalism . . . In 1854 he came out to Victoria, and a year later he joined the staff of the "Age". An offer from the proprietors of "The Argus" drew him in 1858 to the editorial staff of this journal, for which he wrote leaders, literary articles, and dramatic criticisms. To the country press of Victoria he also contributed numerous articles. . . . Some years ago his long connection with "The Argus" was broken, and he resumed his old place on the staff of the "Age", with which he was associated principally as a literary writer and dramatic critic up to the time of his death. Mr. Smith was a fluent and versatile writer. He could illuminate almost any topic. This was because he had been throughout his life an omnivorous and systematic reader . . .


James Smith, "The social development of Australasia", in Australasian federal directory (Melbourne and Sydney: J. W. F. Rogers, [1888]), xxvi-vii 

Before the discovery of gold, theatres had been established in Sydney, Melbourne, Geelong, Adelaide, Hobart, and Launceston, and possibly elsewhere in the colonies. But that event brought Australia prominently into notice at the other end of the world, and it was regarded as a country worth exploitering by professional people of considerable repute in Europe and the United States. Catherine Hayes, the vocalist, made the tour of the colonies and reaped a golden harvest; Miska Hauser, a Hungarian violinist, was equally successful; and Anna Bishop was the pioneer of Italian opera, the first entertainment of the kind having been given at the Princess's Theatre (since pulled down) in Melbourne. It was a polyglot performance, for one of the principals sang his part in Italian, another in German, another in French, another in Spanish, and another in English. People cared little for the libretto, however, but a great deal for the music; and, considering that a chorus had to be organized, drilled, and instructed, and that all sorts of difficulties had to be surmounted, the performance was a remarkably successful one. Among other professional visitors to the colonies in those early days were Miss Emma Stanley with her monological entertainment, Mr. Stephen Massett, Jacobs and Anderson the conjurors, the Backus Minstrels from New York, and Lola Montez, bent upon turning to pecuniary profit the notoriety she had acquired by her amours with the then King of Bavaria, and by the insurrection, which had resulted in her expulsion from Munich . . .

MUSIC. The cultivation of music in the various colonies belonging to this group commenced at a comparatively early period of their existence, and it could be scarcely more widely diffused than it is among all classes of society. This is a fact which impresses itself on the attention of foreign visitors more particularly. One of these, the Baron Michel, in a lecture delivered before the Societe des Etudes Coloniales et Maritimes, in Paris, last year, remarked to his hearers, "You cannot imagine how widely disseminated is the pianoforte in Australia. I will not say that there is one on every floor, because most of the houses are of one story only, but certainly every village, every cottage, and, in shorty every habitable dwelling possesses one if not two of these instruments. And, indeed, they are so prevalent that some mischievous wag proposed to give Sydney the name of Pianopolis." There may be a trace of exaggeration in this statement, but it is nevertheless substantially true; and you cannot walk through the suburbs of any of the chief centres of population in either of the colonies without being reminded of the gratifying fact that a pianoforte of some kind constitutes a portion of the furniture, not only of middle-class houses, but of the back parlours of small shopkeepers, and of the cottages of prosperous artisans. As a natural consequence, musical entertainments are extremely popular, and associations for promoting the study and practice of the divine art are exceedingly numerous in proportion to the population. In Sydney the Metropolitan Liedertafel numbers 400 subscribers and 60 performing members, and the Sydney Liedertafel 1000 subscribers, and 74 vocalists and 25 instrumentalists as performing members; while there is also an efficiently conducted Western Suburbs Musical Society. In Melbourne the Philharmonic Society has been in existence upwards of thirty years, and is one of the most important organizations of the kind in Australasia. It has an influential competitor in the Metropolitan Liedertafel, with which must be bracketed the Melbourne Liedertafel. In addition to these, there is the Musical Association of Victoria, the Tonic Sol-fa Association, the Continental Concert Society, and the Brighton, the Hawthorn and Kew, and the Toorak Harmonic Societies. Adelaide has its Deutsche Liedertafel, with 200 subscribers and 22 performing members; Hobart, its Philharmonic Society, its Orchestral Union, its Orpheus Club, its Liedertafel, and its Metropolitan, Reserve, and Rifle Bands. There are also five bands of music in Launceston. Brisbane has its Musical Union, with 300 subscribers, 86 practising and 20 auxiliary members; its Orchestral Society, its Liedertafel, and its South Brisbane Musical Society. Of similar musical associations in New Zealand we have no accessible record, but the inhabitants of that colony, are certainly not behind those of the continent in their affection for and cultivation of the most refined and humanizing of the arts . . . A pretty good index to the prevalence of a popular taste for music is afforded by the fact that so many musicians of eminence have visited the Australasian colonies . . . [several pages more]. . . for the purpose of giving concerts in them, and generally speaking with satisfactory results to themselves. Miss Arabella Goddard, MM. Pouasard and Douay, Henri Ketten, Wilhehnj, Kowalski, Remenyi, Kö hler, Ley, Madeline Schiller, and Herr Pabst may be enumerated among those who have crossed the Equator in search of fame or fortune - some of them obtaining both - in these Southern land. And the munificent gift of £20,000 by a private citizen, the Hon. Francis Ormond, for the foundation of a chair of music in the Melbourne University, is a splendid recognition of the importance of this form of culture as a branch of the higher education. Some mention has already been made of the beginnings of opera in Australia. But its institution as a permanent source of enjoyment was due to the enterprise of Mr. F. S. Lyster, an Irish American gentleman who came hither from California about five and twenty years ago, bringing with him a well-organized and remarkably efficient company, together with a skilful conductor, for the performance of grand opera. He produced the masterpieces of Meyerbeer, Mozart, Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Gounod, Flotow, Verdi, Auber, Balfe, Wallace, Weber, and other composers upon the boards of the principal theatres in Australasia, with a completeness which may have been subsequently equalled, but has certainly not been surpassed; and he contributed in no unimportant degree to raise the taste of the play-going public in many instances, to educate it in some, and to provide an intellectual form of entertainment for all. The news of his success, from a financial point of view, induced some speculative managers in Italy to engage a specifically Italian company of lyric artists for a professional tour through the Australian colonies, and the result was a succession of operatic performances which, if they did not reach the high standard of great European capitals, were such as to satisfy all reasonable expectations. Indeed the lighter productions of Rossini and Donizetti were interpreted as efficiently as they could have been in Milan or Naples; while wandering stars like Ilma di Murska and Carlotta Patti, with other vocalists of lesser note, occasionally made their appearance in the principal concert-rooms of the colonies. As a private accomplishment, there is no art more popular than music throughout the whole of Australasia, and the quantity of musical instruments and the amount of sheet music imported, to say nothing of the pianos and organs locally manufactured, as well as the number of qualified persons engaged in tuition, would be found, on examination, to reach a total that is literally astonishing, when regard is had to the limits of the population.

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. I.", The Argus (17 May 1890), 4

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. II.", The Argus (24 May 1890), 13

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. III.", The Argus (31 May 1890), 4

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

James Smith papers, 1837-1909; State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 212 

Ann-Mari Jordens, "Smith, James (1820-1910)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SMITH, John R. (J. R. SMITH)

Violincello [sic] and Double bass player (New Queen's Theatre), violoncello and contrabass player

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1845


"LAW AND POLICE COURTS. RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", Adelaide Observer (8 November 1845), 6 

LEE v. WYATT. The plaintiff sought to recover £3 for music provided for the Courier steamer on the occasion of a trip which had been advertised, but not performed. The defendant denied having engaged the band. John Smith, musician, had been with plaintiff to defendant's house. Lee told Wyatt that 12s. each was too little for the band, and he agreed to give £1 each. Mr. Swift, the other musician, was present . . . Thomas Swift confirmed the evidence of last witness . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (12 May 1846), 2 

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER OF THE ADELAIDE LODGE OF ODDFELLOWS", South Australian Register (17 October 1846), 2 

. . . It would be Lnproper to allow our remarks to rest here, we have a duty to perform which we do with the utmost of pleasure, considering how much we stand in debted to good music for a pleasant evening, namely, en passant to say the orchestra was under the entire direction, and the music tastefully selected by Mr. J. R. Smith, of the Hope Lodge. The band was conducted by Mr. Lee.

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE. . . INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Leader, Mr. Lee; Mr. Richards (second violin); Mr. Thompson (violoncello); Mr. Kaebet (flute); Mr. Swift (tenor); Mr. Smith (double bass); Mr. Hewett (trombone); Mr. Poltridge (cornet a piston); Mr. Barnett (drum); Mr. Bennett will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

"RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT. Wednesday, 2nd May", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (3 May 1849), 3 

Lazar v. J. R. Smith. - To recover £1 16s. balance owing to plaintiff through defendant's benefit at the New Queen's Theatre. Defendant filed a set off of the same amount for professional (musical) attendance and carpenter's work, and did not admit the agreement that plaintiff should have the theatre on that occasion for £12.
The musicians, he said, were to have the house for £10.
Plaintiff could produce witnesses to show that defendant confessed to owing the amount. J. Douglass, a theatrical, stated that all actors paid £12 for their benefit.
The musicians were to have the house for £10 each if they took their benefit together, but that was not the case. Each took his separately. There was a deficiency in the house to the extent of the amount claimed.
Defendant said there was more people in the house than made the sum represented.
His Worship - But did they all pay? Produce the money-takers. The usual charge is shown to be £12.
Plaintiff - Yes, Miss Lazar is charged the very same.
Besides the defendant had the option of having his own money-takers if he thought proper.
His Worship - What about the set off?
Plaintiff said he never was accustomed to pay for playing at rehearsals.
He admitted that the defendant played at the concert but was paid 10s. 6d. for it.
Fifteen months elapsed before the claim was made, notwithstanding that on every Saturday night during the seasons he had been paid his wages. Verdict for the plaintiff the full amount and costs.

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY . . . Violoncellos, Messrs. Tilly, Allen, Smith, and Thurlow; Double Basses, Mons. Paris and Herr Zeigler . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (6 October 1854), 1 

GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . Instrumentalists: 1st Violins - Mr. P. Lee and Mr. Chapman; 2nd Ditto - Mr. Wm. Cobbin, jun., and Mr. Watts; Viola - Mr. W. Cobbin, sen.; Violincellos - Mr. J. R. Smith and Mr. Swift; Contra Bass - Mr. Betteridge; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCullagh; Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion; Pianists - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger . . .

"GRAND EVENING CONCERT", Adelaide Times (12 October 1854), 3 

. . . A finely and well executed quartette, by Messrs. Chapman, Watts, W. Cobbin, sen., and J. R. Smith, paved the way for the introduction of the gem of the evening, the pathetic and familiarly-known ballad "Annie Lawrie," sung by Miss Chalker . . .


Musician, violinist, fiddler

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"DESERTING A WIFE AND FAMILY", The Argus (15 April 1856), 5

A man named John Smith was brought up at the City Court yesterday on a charge of deserting his wife and three children. The wife, a very decent-looking woman, stated that the prisoner, who is a musician, had been in the habit of treating her very brutally. She was married to him at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in England, and during the time they lived together in England the prisoner beat her so severely that he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment in Stafford gaol, and the wife and her mother, a person of very respectable appearance, appear to have used every endeavor for the prisoner's release from custody, and by some means obtained £45, which they paid for his passage to this colony. Since their arrival here the poor woman had been obliged to support herself and family by washing, while the husband was squandering his earnings in debauchery. A few days ago he returned home, when she was in bed, and broke his fiddle over her head, and stabbed the bedclothes in several places with a knife, one of which stabs inflicted a wound in her left arm. . . .

"HEARTLESS CONDUCT", The Age (15 April 1856), 2 

SMITH, John Matthew (John Matthew SMITH)

Musical amateur

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, John Thomas (John Thomas SMITH; J. T. SMITH)

Theatre proprietor, manager

Active 1840s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH, John Washington

Minstrel, manager

Born USA, c.1815
Died South Yarra, VIC, 31 August 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1871), 3

"Deaths", The Argus (1 September 1877), 1

"DEATH OF A THEATRICAL MANAGER", Evening News (3 September 1877), 2

We regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Washington Smith, the well-known theatrical manager, which occurred this morning, at 3 O'clock, at his residence, South Yarra. Mr. Smith, who was 58 years of age, has been well known in connection with the theatrical profession in these colonies, having been identified in a managerial character with public amusements here for many years. He was associated with Mr. W. S. Lyster in the management of the first theatrical company which Mr. Lyster brought to this colony, and since then has introduced a large number of artists of all lands to the colonies. Mr. Smith also travelled much, and was in the habit of doing the round of all the colonies, and then taking his various companies to Japan, China, and India, in all which countries his name was almost as well-known as it was in Australia. The veteran manager died, it may be said, in harness . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 24 

John Washington Smith was one of the earliest and best negro delineators ante-dating minstrelsy proper, although he was later associated with several prominent organizations. His earliest recorded appearance was with the Lion Circus in Cincinnati, December, 1838. The following year he played in New York, and a year later went to Europe, where he performed with "Pickaninny" Coleman. Returning to America, he played at the Bowery Amphitheatre, April 25, 1842. In 1849 he wrote and first sung the song that was afterwards in the repertoire of many famous minstrels - "Old Bob Ridley;" this occurred in New Orleans, La. In the Fall of 1855 he was with the original San Francisco Minstrels in the California metropolis. He subsequently went to Australia and other foreign countries, where for many years he piloted various minstrel organizations. John Washington Smith was born in the United States about 1815; he died in S. Yarra, Australia, August 31, 1877.

SMITH, Josephine Villeneuve (Mrs. Yvon ECCLES)

Amateur composer

Born VDL (TAS), 1836
Died UK, 1893, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH (a son of Francis Smith)

Pianist, ? pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838


Marie Josephine Villeneuve, formerly of the West Indies, and her husband Francis Smith came to Tasmania in 1826. Their son Francis was later premier of Tasmania (1857-60), and daughter Hester married captain John Williams of the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment. I had thought Josephine was perhaps a grand-daughter, but Tony Marshall discovered the record of her 1869 marriage (to Yvon Richard Eccles), that states she too was a daughter. Her The Lanarkshire polka (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) appeared in H. B. Stoney's The Tasmanian lyre, an anthology closely connected with the 99th. At least one of her much older brothers was also musical (perhaps William, later an Adelaide lawyer), a pianist and possibly a pupil of Joseph Reichenberg.


"ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, RICHMOND", The True Colonist (5 January 1838), 5 

(From a Correspondent) In pursuance of the advertisement announcing the opening of this unique and classic edifice for divine worship on Sunday, a highly respectable and numerous assembly of gentry arrived at eleven o'clock, to witness this most solemn and imposing ceremony. Nothing could equal the surprise of the audience at finding a most efficient choir contributing to the solemnity of the scene. The well played clarionet of that professor of music, Mr. Reichenberg, aided by the skill on the piano of a talented young gentle man, a son to Francis Smith, Esq. with the delicate taste displayed by a lady, who accompanied that instrument, in incomparable style, and also by the skill of Mr. Solicitor Wynne, from Hobart Town, contributed to excite feelings of religious fervor and enchantment amongst the entire audience. The Vicar General sang the high mass with great ability . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

"DEATH", Alexandra Times (10 December 1868), 2

"MARRIED", Alexandra Times (11 June 1869), 2 

Musical work:

The Lanarkshire polka, composed by Josephine Villeneuve Smith (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]), in The Tasmanian lyre (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

J. M. Bennett and F. C. Green, "Smith, Francis Villeneuve (1819-1909)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

"Francis Villeneuve Smith", Wikipedia

SMITH, Lilias

Teacher of music and singing

? Born 12 October 1792; baptised Haddington, Scotland, 4 November 1792 (daughter of Hay SMITH and Susannah CRAW)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 September 1837 (per North Briton from Leith, 9 May, via Hobart Town, 17 August)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1837-43


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (27 September 1837), 2 

Mrs. Sarah Smith (Yeomans) was her stepmother; Emily Mackie (1811-1885, Mrs. John Mackie) of Sydney was her half sister

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 July 1838), 3 

Singing and Music.
MISS LILIAS SMITH, (Pupil of Signor Deville, of the Italian Opera, and of Signor Pistuzcci, Poet to that Establishment, and Professor of Italian,) has the honor of announcing to her Friends and the Gentry of Sydney and its Vicinity, that she has made arrangements for holding Classes in the above branches of Education at Mr. Ellard's.
For Italian and English Singing and Music, per Quarter - 6 0 0
Music only, ditto - 8 8 0
All communications addressed to Miss Smith at Mr. Ellard's Musical Repository, George street; or to Woolston Cottage, Miller's Point, will be immediately attended to.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1842), 3 

MRS. SMITH and Miss Lilias Smith, having removed from Sydney to Wollongong, Illawarra, propose on the 1st of November opening a select Seminary for young Ladies.
A limited number of boarders, not exceeding six will be received.
Terms, including English, French, and Writing, fifty guineas per annum, washing included. Day pupils two guineas per quarter.
Singing, three guineas per quarter. Music, two guineas per quarter.

Bibliography and resources: 

SMITH, Meabella (Meabella Catherine SMITH; Meabella SMITH; Miss M. SMITH; Miabella SMITH [sic]; "Arabella SMITH;" "Miss A. SMITH"; Mrs. W. H. ALKER)

Soprano vocalist, pianist

Born ? Dublin, Ireland, c. 1824/1831; daughter of Richard West SMITH (d. 1856) and Marianne FURLONG (d. 1860)
Arrived (shipwrecked), Barwon Heads, VIC, 18 June 1853 (per Earl of Charlemont, from Liverpool, aged "22")
Married William Harding ALKER (1831-1901), St. Francis's cathedral, Melbourne, VIC, 13 July 1854
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 December 1857 (per Kent, for London)
Died Dublin North, Ireland, 1906 (second quarter), aged "82" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Though more usually identified in print as Miabella Smith, several official records, including those of her marriage and death, spell her forename Meabella. We have chosen to use the latter spelling in the TROVE tag to assist identification.

Meabella Smith was the third daughter of Richard West Smith, a jeweller and gold and silver smith, of Dublin, and his wife Marianne Furlong.

She was perhaps the Meabella Smyth [sic] who stood sponsor at the baptism of Charles, son of Nicholas and Catherine Boughnan, and St. Andrew's, Westland Row, Dublin, in 1835 (2/113/4279/DU-RC-BA-191360).

Meabella Smith, "22", arrived from Ireland, on the Earl of Charlemont, in June 1853, with three siblings, Mary Ann, aged "25"; Richard, "22"; and Kate, "18".

In Melbourne, on 13 July 1854, she married another Dubliner, William Henry Alker (1831-1901), a merchant and civil engineer who had arrived on the Great Britain in 1852.

In the 1856-57 electoral roll, the Alkers were living at York Street, Emerald Hill (South Melbourne). However, by May 1857, they were, with Meabella's younger brother Richard, proprietors of the Keilor Hotel, on the Bendigo road.

After Richard's early death, in July 1857, and that of another partner in the business, one Henry Smith in August (reportedly aged 37), the Alkers sailed for London on the Kent in December 1857.

William Harding Alker 1831-1901

They were back in Dublin at the time of the baptism of their child, Joshua Samuel Alker, at St. Mary's, Haddington Road, on 6 October 1860.

See also her husband and brother: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dublin and Ireland (to c. 1853):

"PRIVATE CONCERT", Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent (17 June 1851), 3

On Thursday evening a private concert will be given at the residence of Mrs. Mosley and the Misses Smith, 67, Lower Mount-street. The programme is of the most attractive character, comprising selections from the works of Beethoven, Mendelssohn. Bellini, Thalberg, &c., &c. Mr. Levey and Mr. Geary have volunteered their valuable assistance, and the Misses Smith with Mrs. Mosley and Mr. Daly will also take part in entertainment. We believe it will take place under distinguished patronage, and anticipate a musical treat of no ordinary character.

[News], Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent (24 June 1851), 3

We had indeed a musical treat of no ordinary character at the concert of Thursday last [19 June] given by Mrs. Moseley and the Misses Smith. The attendance of a large end brilliant assemblage enhanced the plaudits which the fair vocalists received. They were ably supported by our clever townsmen, Messrs. Levey, Geary, and Rorke, men of no new fame; and Mr. Daly and Herr Ellsner, a violincello player of deservedly high character, gave their effective assistance to the entertainments. We congratulate the fair debutantes on the success which attended this their first concert.

[Advertisement], Newry Telegraph [Ireland] (5 August 1851), 1

TO-MORROW EVENING. Grand Concert. ASSEMBLY ROOMS, SAVINGS'-BANK. WEDNESDAY Evening next, the 6th of August . . .
in which the following Eminent and Distinguished Artistes will appear, viz.: MADAME D'ANTERNY, Prima Donna of the Grand Opera Paris.
MISS MIABELLA SMITH, whose recent appearance in Dublin has created so much sensation.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . IRISH MELODY - Though the Last Glimpse of Erin - MOORE - MISS MIABELLA SMITH . . .
Duet - List, Dearest, List - BALFE - MISS M. SMITH and MR. BODDIN . . .
PART II . . . Cavatina - Qui la Voce - BELLINI - MISS M. SMITH . . .

[Advertisement], Newry Telegraph [Ireland] (7 August 1851), 3

SECOND GRAND CONCERT Will take place in the above Rooms, THURSDAY EVENING, August 7 . . .
MADAME D'ANTERNY, Prima Donna of the Grand Opera Paris.
MISS MIABELLA SMITH, whose recent appearance in Dublin has created so much sensation . . .
PART I . . . IRISH MELODY - MISS M. SMITH . . . DUETT - We are wandering - MISS M. SMITH, MISS SMITH . . .
PART II . . . ARIA - Casta Diva - BELLINI - Miss M. Smith . . .

"CONCERT", Newry Examiner and Louth Advertiser (9 August 1851), 2

A concert was given at the Assembly-rooms in Dundalk, on Tuesday evening last, and to say that the performance fully realised the expectations of the numerous and highly respectable audience that assembled, would but very inadequately convey any idea of its merits. As a musical and local melange it left nothing to be wished for that the most fastidious critic could cavil at or find fault with; and our only regret was that the arias so beautifully and truthfully given by the respective artists should have been so few, and that an entertainment, in every sense worthy of the audience, should have been too early brought to conclusion. The concert opened with a selection from the overture of Don Pasquale, beautifully performed as a duet, on the piano-forte by Miss Miabella Smith and Mr. Boddin . . . Miss Smith sang Moore's sweet little air, Though the last Glimpse of Erin, very pleasingly, but to our mind failed to throw into it that feeling so essential to the true rendering of one of the sweetest of our Irish melodies. It is but justice, however, to that young lady to say that she fully redeemed her position as a concert singer of no ordinary pretensions in the cavatina Qui la Voce, which was given in that sweet and expressive style much in accordance with the spirit of the immortal composer; her voice, though of limited compass is, however, of a sweet and flexible nature, and peculiarly adapted to the concert-room. The grand treat of the evening was afforded by Madame D'Anterny's brilliant vocalisation of two scenes from Rossini's operas Du Barbier de Seville, and La Gaza Ladra . . . . The concert concluded with a quartette in the execution of which the distinguished artistes fully sustained the highly favorable opinion that had been formed of them.

"MADAME D'ANTERNY'S CONCERTS", Tralee Chronicle (13 September 1851), 3

Since the period when Clara Novello and the very effective troupe who sustained that incomparable singer delighted the denizens of Killarney, there has not been in this quarter so unique a treat as, on Monday and Wednesday evening - and on the latter evening in particular - was presented to the lovers song in this locality. It is difficult to point out any one song for particular eulogy, where the vocalization in all was so brilliant; but those which have fixed themselves most in our memory are the grand aria from [Il] Barbiere, familiar to us "Una voce," but which Madame D'Anterny rendered according to the arrangement of the Parisian Opera as "Rien ne peut changer mon Anne," and "La Voleuse" (the Di Piacer of La Gazza Ladra) . . . On Wednesday night, too, we must no omit to notice, she favoured the audience with the following English song, which she gave with a spirit at least quite racy the soil: -
O! Erin, my country, I weep to behold thee,
Encircled with sorrow, with anguish oppress'd . . .
The Misses Smith fully answered our expectations. Miss Miabella Smith in particular, drew repeated encores from the audience, especially in Savourneen and the Last Glimpse of Erin. Monsieur Sebastien, Mr. Daly and Monsieur Roeckel, collectively and individually, sustained the character which had preceded them. This evening, those gifted artistes divide the proceeds of their last concert in Killarney with the poor of that town.

ASSOCIATIONS: Armand Roeckel

[Advertisemnent], Limerick and Clare Examiner (18 October 1851), 2

MARSHALL'S ROOMS, LIMERICK. MADAME D'ANTERNY . . . will give a GRAND CONCERT ON THURSDAY EVENING, 23RD INST., At which the following Eminent Troupe of Artistes will appear: MISS MIABELLA SMITH, MISS SMITH, MR. DALY, MONSIEUR SEBASTIEN. PROFESSOR ROECKEL Will preside at the Piano Forte.

"THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE - THE CONCERT", Galway Mercury, and Connaught Weekly Advertiser [Ireland] (25 October 1851), 4

The Concert at the Theatre on Monday evening last, was remarkably well attended - the proceeds rose to a figure extremely creditable to Galway; but are not surprised that such should have been the case, since those who performed there had, each and every of them, in their various departments acquired a high character for talent and execution. The superior powers of Miss Miabella Smith in the Irish Melodies, have been admitted the most eminent judges; and if we except Catherine Hayes, we hesitate not to assert that, to our taste at all events, no female that we have heard, has surpassed Miss M. Smith, as she feels what she sings, and she makes her audience also feel it.

Geelong and Melbourne, VIC (18 June 1853 to December 1857):

"WRECK AT THE BARWON HEADS", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (20 June 1853), 2 

The Earl of Charlement, 878 tons, Captain Garner, one of the Fox Line, of Australian Packets, with 435 passengers, for Melbourne and Sydney, from Liverpool, went ashore at the Barwon won Heads on Saturday morning . . . Mr. Savage, a steerage passenger, then undertook to carry a rope to the land, swam ashore, at the risk of his life, and successfully accomplished it. The life-boats were then attached to the rope, the lady passengers and children were safely landed, then the married men, and finally the bachelors, with the exception of about forty, who dropped over the bows of the ill-fated vessel, and swam ashore some time before the rope was fastened to the land, rendering assistance to the boats, and carrying the female passengers through the surf. Not one life was lost. Fires were lighted, round which the passengers crowded; some food was procured from the vessel, some sheep, and a bullock from Mr. McVean's station and there all lay that night unhoused . . . All the passengers, in number four hundred and thirty-five, are saved . . . His Worship the Mayor of Geelong has, with commendable promptitude, arranged with the Police Magistrate for the despatch of 8 bullock drays early this morning, for the purpose of bringing to Geelong all the women and children and the sick.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 June 1853), 3 supplement 

IN making this announcement, Mr. Coppin trusts that, being for the above object, the attendance will be somewhat greater than on previous occasions, where the performance has been for charitable purposes, which, hitherto, have been exceedingly limited.
VOCAL. Miss Smith, one of the Shipwrecked Sufferers.
Mrs. Hancock, Mr. Sayer, and Mr. Hancock. Leader and Conductor, Mr. Thom . . .
PART I . . . IRISH AIR. - "Savoureen Delish," - Miss Smith, One of the Shipwrecked Sufferers . . .
PART II . . . IRISH AIR. - "Colleen Dhas" - Miss Smith, one of the Shipwrecked Sufferers . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin; W. F. Sayer; Mary Ellen Hancock; Bream Thom

MUSIC: Savourneen deelish

"THIS EVENING", The Argus (1 August 1853), 5

. . . We observe that Mr. Sou-Alle is about to make the daring experiment of offering a substitute for Mrs. Testar, in the person of Miss Arabella Smith, who is said to have acquired a high reputation In Ireland.

See also this cutting from the Melbourne Herald, late July or early August, reprinted later in:

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE . . . Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle's Concert", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1854), 5

We are delighted to find that our talented friend is determined not to relax his spirited efforts to provide an entertainment worthy of the reputation which he has so deservedly obtained in this colony . . . With this view we learn that he has succeeded in enlisting the valuable services of a lady recently arrived, who has, for some time passed, been a leading favourite at all the Dublin concerts, and whose performances have elicited the warmest encomiums from the Irish press. Miss Arabella Smith, even if she were not possessed of vocal talents of a very high order, has claims upon our sympathy, which we feel assured a Melbourne public will not be slow to acknowledge. This Lady was among the passengers by the ill-fated "Earl of Charlemont," and, we regret to say, sustained considerable loss by that sad catastrophe . . . Herald.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 August 1853), 8 

GRAND Musical Soiree, at the Mechanics' Institute this day, (Monday), First of August.
The last appearance but two of Ali-Ben Sou-Alle, who will perform on the new and wonderful Turkophone, in his grand national costume . . . The following Eminent Artists will assist:
Miss Arabella Smith (first soprano of the Philharmonic and Ancient Concerts in Dublin, first appearance),
Mr. Valere, Mr. Power. Leader, Herr Strebinger. Conductor, Mr. Buddee. Cornopean, Mr. Chapman. Full Band.
Programme: Part I . . . Song - Casta Diva, from the opera of Norma - Miss Smith - Bellini
Part II . . . Duo - From the opera La Lucia - Miss Smith and Mr. Valere - Donizetti . . .
Irish Melody - Savourneen Deelish - Miss A. Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Ali-Ben Sou-Alle; William Pierce Power; Mons. Valere; Frederick Strebinger; George Chapman; Julius Buddee

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (9 August 1853), 2 

The people of Geelong will have reason to thank this gentleman for introducing to them, on Friday and Saturday next (in addition to the instrumental attractions of the concert), those eminent vocalists, Mrs. Testar, Miss Smith, and M. Valere. If the success of the entertainment be equal to its predecessors in Melbourne, neither the audience nor the beneficiare will have reason to complain.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (10 August 1853), 5 

will perform on the new and wonderful TURKOPHONE, in his grand National Costume,
assisted by the following artistes:
Vocalists - Mrs. TESTAR, Miss SMITH, Mons. VALERE.
Conductor - Mr. BUDDEE. Violinist - Mr. THOM.
Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle has performed on this beautiful instrument, with the greatest success, in Paris and in London, before her Majesty and the Jury at the Great Exhibition, where it obtained the First Council Medal.
The Stage will represent a Turkish Pavilion.

"SATURDAY EVENING'S CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (15 August 1853), 2 

We can appreciate a good thing, and without making any pretensions to talents of criticism on the "Divine Art," fully accord to his Highness Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle the celebrity he has attained . . . Mrs. Testar sang as she always sings, which is the highest compliment we can pay this perfect "artiste." Miss Smith acquitted herself admirably, and, when possessed of a "leetle" more confidence, will prove a valuable addition to the musical world, should her taste and ambition tend in that direction. M. Valere is endowed with a good strong voice, and sang well. Mr. Thom's performance on the violin was masterly, brilliant . . . The house was well attended.

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1853), 8 

MUSICAL Academy - Miss Miebella Smith [sic] begs respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity, that she had opened a Musical Academy at 192 Lonsdale-street, and is now prepared to give Lessons, assisted by her Sister, on the Pianoforte, and in Italian and English Singing, either at her own or pupils' residences.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1853), 8 

TO-Night. - Melbourne Thursday Concerts. - Mechanics' Institute. Thursday Evening, 26th inst.
Vocalists. - Second appearance of Miss Meabella Smith and Mr. John Gregg.
Solo Instrumentalists. - M. Durant (cornet-a-piston), M. Cooze, M. Radford, M. Tucker, M. Winterbottom, &c. &c.
Part I. Overtare, Coriolan (second time this season) - Beethoven . . .
Aria, Qui la Voce (I Puritani), Miss Meabella Smith (her second appearance) - Bellini . . .
Part II. Overture, Fidelio - Beethoven . . .
Duetto, La ci Darem, Miss Meabella Smith and Mr. John Gregg - Mozart . . .
Ballad, Kathleen Mavourneen, Miss Meabella Smith - Crouch . . .
Pianist, Mr. Salamon. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Tucker. Conductor, M. Winterbottom.
Stalls 5s. Back seats, 2s. 6d. . . .

[Advertisement], The Banner (23 September 1853), 1 

THE PROPRIETORS have the honor to announce that Monday, 25th September, 1853, is appointed for this interesting ceremony, on which occasion His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor has signified his intention of honoring the edifice with a visit, and naming it . . .
At Three o'clock, A PROMENADE CONCERT Will commence, and the following eminent artistes have generously tendered their gratuitous services:
- Miss Meabella [Smith], [Miss] Martin, Miss Lewis, Mr. Walsh, Mr. Gregg, Mr. Salaman, the inimitable Barlow, and Mr. Winterbottom.
Programme of the Songs and Musical Compositions . . . .
Song - Savourneen Dheelish, Miss Meabella Smith . . .
Song - O Nanny wilt thou gang with me, Miss Meabella Smith . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charlotte Martin; Annie Lewis; Charles Walsh; John Gregg; Edward Salamon; John Winterbottom

MUSIC: O Nanny wilt thou gang with me

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' Institution. - Under the patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor. This (Friday) Evening, 21st October.
Miss Miabella Smith begs to announce that her Concert will take place This Evening, when she will be assisted by the following Eminent Artistes:
Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Gregg, Miss E. Smith (Pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday),
Mr. Winterbottom, and Mr. Salamons, who will preside at the Pianoforte.
Trio - L'usato ardir il mio valore dove, (Semiramide) Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, and Mr. Gregg - Rossini.
Cavatina - Qui la voce (I Puritani), Miss Miabella Smith - Bellini.
Song - Will o' the Wisp, Mr. Gregg - John Gregg.
Cavatina - O luce di quest anima, Mrs. Testar (first time) - Donizetti.
Pianoforte - La Cracovienne, Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle. Clara Loveday) - V. Wallace.
Irish Melody - Savourneen Dheelish, Miss Miabella Smith.
Solo, Bassoon - Vivi tu, Mr. Winterbottom - Bellini.
Duet - Se vederla a me non lice (first time) Miss Miabella Smith and Mr. Gregg - Donizetti.
An interval of ten minutes.
Quartette - A te o cara (I Puritani), Mrs. Testar, Miss Miabella Smith, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Winterbottom - Bellini
Ballad - O Erin my country, Miss Martin - A. Lee.
Song - My Boyhood's Home (Amelie), Mr. Gregg - Rooke.
Ballad - Kathleen Mavourneen, Miss Miabella Smith- Crouch.
Piano Solo - Grand Fantasia on Irish Airs, Miss E. Smith - Rosellen.
Song - There be Some of Beauty's daughters, Mrs. Testar (first time) - Knapton.
Duet - Believe me if all these endearing young charms, Miss Miabella Smith and Mr. Gregg - Moore.
Solo and Chorus - Marseillaise Hymn.
Finale - God save the Queen.
Doors open at half past seven. Concert to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Prices of Admission: Reserved seats, 8s; back seats 5s. Tickets may be obtained at Wilkie's Music Saloon, Collins-street; Mr. Peck's, Swanston-street; and of Mr. Patterson, Secretary at the Institution.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles La Trobe (lieutenant governor); Emilie Smith (pianist)

[Advertisement], The Banner (15 November 1853), 1 

Opening of the New Organ in St. Francis's Cathedral, LONSDALE STREET.
THIS Magnificent Instrument, just erected by Mr. Henry Smith, will be opened on TUESDAY Evening, 22nd inst., with a Grand Selection of Sacred Music from the works of Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Mendelssohn, Rossini, &c.
PRINCIPAL VOCALISTS: Mrs. Testar, Miss Miabella Smith, Miss Martin, Mr. T. Ewart, Mr. Henry Smith, Mr. Loughnan, Mr. Hacket.
Assisted by a Chorus of Fifty Voices, several Members of the Philharmonic Society having kindly offered their services on this occasion . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Smith; Thomas Ewart; Melbourne Philharmonic Society

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 February 1854), 3 

ALFRED PHILLIPS has much pleasure in announcing that Miss Miabella Smith will make her first appearance in his popular drawing room entertainment, on Monday, February 6th.
ALFRED PHILLIPS, Miss Miabella Smith, and Mr. Ruxton (from the Royal Academy of Music, his first appearance in Melbourne,) on Monday, at the Mechanics' Institution.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 February 1854), 3 

ALFRED PHILLIPS has much pleasure in announcing that Mis Mirabella [sic] Smith will appear in his popular drawing-room entertainments, on Wednesday and Saturday, February 8th and 11th . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Phillips; Henri W. Ruxton

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 March 1854), 8 

EUREKA. Opening of the Royal Victoria Concert Hall, Monday, 6th March. Performers - Miss Miabella Smith, Herr Rahm, Mons, Paltzer, Herr Collins, and the celebrated Ethiopian Serenaders. Managers Rahm and Paltzer.

ASSOCIATIONS: Veit Rahm; Jacques Paltzer; Leopold Frederick Collin

"MARRIED", The Argus (14 July 1854), 4 

On the 13th instant, by a special license, at St. Francis's Cathedral, by the Very Rev. James B. Hayes, William Alker, Esq., of this City, merchant, to Miabella Catherine, third daughter of Richard West Smith, Esq., Dublin.

ALSO, "MARRIAGES", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (9 October 1854), 4

July 18, at Melbourne, Australia, William Alker, Esq, of that a city, merchant, to Miabella Catherine, third daughter of Richard West Smith, Esq. of Dublin.

"DEATHS", Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier [Ireland] (11 September 1856), 2

On the 9th instant, at 19, Wentworth-place, Dublin, Mr. Richard West Smith.

Dublin, Ireland (? from c. 1858 to 1906):

Baptisms, 1860 (register 1849-1866), St. Mary's, Haddington Road, Dublin; National Library of Ireland (PAYWALL)

[Oct.] 6 / Josh. Samuel / [son of] Wm. Alker & M. Smith / [sponsors] Chas. Smith & Mary Lyneham

"DEATHS", Saunders's News-Letter [Dublin] (26 December 1860), 3

On Christmas morning, the residence of her son, Dawson Grove, Marianne, relict of the late Richard West Smith, Esq., of this city.

Ireland census, 31 March 1901; National Archives of Ireland

37 Kildare Street / Meabella Alker / Widow / 72 / [born] Dublin / boarder / Roman Catholic

SMITH, Robert

Piano tuner and maker (fifteen years with Broadwood and Sons)

= See above

SMITH, Robert

Music master, fiddler

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1836


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (8 March 1836), 7

Robert Smith, employed as music master and fiddler at Mr. Presnell's public house, was charged with misdemenour, in attempting to commit a felony. The fellow lived at the house, and bad free access to all parts of it. In the absence of the landlady on Sunday, he was found trying to obtain admittance by a key, that appeared to have been altered. The state of the key was very suspicious, and he could give no satisfactory account of his business at the house. As no direct proof was adduced of the intention to commit a felony, he was dealt with as a rogue and vagabond, and as a change from his fiddling capacity, was ordered to dance to a new tune at the tread wheel for three months.

SMITH, Sydney

Mouth organ player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1831


"Police Incidents", The Sydney Herald (30 May 1831), 2

Sydney Smith, for being riotous, drunk, &c., and dancing in the street to the tune of Drops o' Brandy, which he himself played on a mouth organ, had to cash up five bob, and was warned in future to hide his musical talents under a bushel.


Composer, bandmaster (Imperial Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1879


"THE BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1879), 5

"BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", Evening News (28 July 1879), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 16

We have received from Mr. William Bullard, the "Australian Exhibition Schottische" composed by Mr. W. H. Smith. It is dedicated to P. A. Jennings, Esq., C.M.G., Executive Commissioner for the International Exhibition. The music is nicely arranged, and the "Exhibition Schottische" is sure to become a favourite. The printing, which is good, is done by Messrs. Gibbs, Shallard and Co. The price is Is. 6d.

"TEMPERANCE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1880), 6

"Brevities", Evening News (26 June 1880), 5

Mr. W. H. Smith, the composer of the "Australian Exhibition Schottische," has been elected bandmaster of the Imperial band.

"Brevities", Evening News (29 April 1882), 4

Mr. W. H. Smith, Bandmaster of the Imperial and Mercantile Bands, writes on the subject of Brevities, which have appeared as to the practising of band music in Selwyn-street, that on Wednesdays night (referred to in Thursday's "Brevities"), the drum was not touched, the drummer being absent from practice, and that the playing of the other instruments ceased a few minutes past 10. As to the band being discordant, he avers that they play well together, and in tune. When they practiced in Brisbane-street there were no complaints, though they were merely learners and practising their scales.

Musical works:

The Australian Exhibition schottische (composed by W. H. Smith) (Sydney: William Bullard, [1879]) 

SMITH, William

Precentor (St. Stephen's, Macquarie Street), conductor (Presbyterian Psalmody Association)

Active Sydney, NSW by 1865
Died Waverley, NSW, 30 August 1893, in his 51st year


Mr. William Smith was precentor of St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Macquarie Street, Sydney, from 1877 until his resignation in March 1880, only a month after the inauguration of the new Willis organ on 8 February 1880 which, no doubt, seriously impacted on the simpler style of vocal music prevailing there hitherto.


"PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, PYRMONT", Empire (8 November 1865), 5

"TEA MEETING AND ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1873), 7

"Presbyterian Psalmody Association", Evening News (18 January 1876), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1893), 1

"FUNERAL SERVICE AT WAVERLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1893), 6

At Waverley Presbyterian Church yesterday funeral service was conducted by the Rev. Macaulay, M.A., having special reference to death of Mr. William Smith, of the Waverley Quarries, who was buried at the Waverley Cemetery on Friday . . . Mr. Smith was for many years precentor of St. Stephen's Church, Sydney, and also took an active part in the Liedertafel, where his voice was of great service.

Bibliography and resources:

SMYTH, Arthur Bowes

First Fleet diarist, naval surgeon

Born England, 23 August 1750
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 18/20 January 1788 (on Lady Penryhn)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 20 April 1789 (on Lady Penryhn, for Lord Howe Island)
Died England, 31 March 1790 (NLA persistent identifier)


Though having only a handful of musical observations, Bowes Smyth's First Fleet diary (22 March 1787-August 1789) remains an important early documentary source for its entries dated 7 August 1787, and 7 and 9 February 1788. It exists in three versions.

The original manuscript, made in situ with illustrations:

National Library of Australia (digitised MS:

and two later edited and corrected fair copies:

State Library of New South Wales (digitised MS and online transcript) (TRANSCRIPT)

British Library (MS, search item: 032-002104405)

SMYTH, Lucy (Mrs. SMYTH; Mrs. George SMYTH) = Lucy FERNANDEZ

SMYTHE, Robert Sparrow (R. S. SMYTHE; Robert SMITH)

Concert agent, musical commentator (husband of Amelia Bailey)

Born Lambeth, London, 13 March 1833
Active Australia, by 1862
Died Depedene, VIC, 23 May 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)


"STATE ACADEMY OF MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1891), 5

"THE MOST TRAVELLED MANAGER IN THE WORLD", New Zealand Herald (19 September 1891), 1

"DEATH OF MR. R. S. SMYTHE", The Argus (24 May 1917), 6

. . . Early in the fifties Mr. Smythe was recommended by his medical adviser to try the long sea voyage to Australia as a sort of last hope in an aggrevated case of pulmonary weakness. That voyage not only provided a complete cure, but was the beginning of wanderings that made Mr. Smythe familiar with most of the inhabited portions of the earth. Upon reaching Australia he joined the ranks of the newspaper press and in the course of his journalistic experiences in Melbourne and Adelaide witnessed and described some of the historic incidents of the early days . . . But Mr. Smythe in the early sixties discovered that, like Ulysses, " he could not rest from travel ", and he organised a small concert party, headed by two young French instrumentalists, Poussard and Douay, whom he piloted for five years through Australia, Asia and South Africa . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Smythe, Robert Sparrow", The dictionary of Australasian biography,_Robert_Sparrow 

M. Shillingsburg, "Smythe, Robert Sparrow (1833-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990) 

"Robert Sparrow Smythe", Wikipedia 

SMYTHE, Carlyle Greenwood (Carlyle SMYTHE)

Music journalist and reviewer (The Argus), musical and artists agent, writer

Born Umbana, Himalayas (son of Amelia BAILEY and Robert SMYTHE)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1869-1925
Died Nice, France, December 1925 (NLA persistent identifier)


"MR. CARLYLE SMYTHE. Death in France", The Argus (18 December 1925), 21

Mr. Carlyle Smythe was the son of the late Mr R. S. Smythe and Mrs Smythe . . . Mr. [Robert] Smythe sen, was, as is well remembered, an entrepreneur for eminent lecturers, and also for some years a concert manager. Mrs R. S. Smythe (who was Miss Amelia Bailey) was a soprano singer on one of the tours conducted by Mr. Smythe, and it was while they were on a tour in the East that Mr. Carlyle Smythe was born at Umbana, at the foot of the Himalaya Mountains. His childhood and boyhood were spent in Melbourne, and he was educated at Hawthorn Grammar School, under Professor Irving . . . He became a student of the University, where he gained the degree of bachelor of arts. . . . After leaving the university Mr. Carlyle Smythe assisted in managing some of the more notable tours which his father arranged. Subsequently, he spent some time in Europe, during which he engaged in journalism in Brussels, where he was for four years editor of the "Belgian Times", a journal published in English and French. He also published a history of Belgium. Upon his return to Australia he took up the interests that his father had made practically a family possession . . . After his father had retired Mr. Carlyle Smythe made engagements on his own account, and among other notable persons who came to Australia under his auspices were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Mr. Alexander Watson, Captain Amundsen and Annie Besant. The promise of Mr Carlysle Smythe's early life in literature and art was thoroughly fulfilled during his connection with journalism in the intervals between his other engagements which involved travelling. He was for a considerable time a valued contributor to these columns, both as art and musical critic and as a writer on the broad questions of international policy . . ."


Member (Adelaide Choral Society)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850s


Professor of Music, pianist, organist (St. John's Church, Launceston), convict

? Arrived VDL (TAS), 21 August 1841 (convict per Asia 6) Active Launceston, TAS, 1854
? Died Hobart, TAS, 25 January 1875



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


Convict records, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:143639; CON33/1/9; CON18/1/28 Page 112,281,211,F,60,196,59,C,120 

? "CONVICT DEPARTMENT . . . Conditional Pardons", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1847), 8

. . . William Snelling, Asia 6 . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (18 March 1854), 2

MR. WILLIAM SNELLING, Professor of Music, informs the gentry and inhabitants of Launceston and its vicinity, that he is giving lessons on the Pianoforte, and hopes by assiduity to merit a share of patronage. Address Mr. Tozer's, Jeweller, &c.. Charles street. March 18.

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (17 June 1852), 5 

"COURT OF REQUESTS. £10 COURT", Launceston Examiner (6 November 1856), 3 

"REMINISCENCES [BY B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

. . . I believe Miss Henry, now Mrs. H. B. Nicholls, was at one time organist at St. John's, then Mr. William Snelling, afterwards Mr. Tom Sharp, who held the post for many years . . .

? Disambiguation:

William Snelling (d. 1875), convict per Larkins, 1831 (coach maker, of Hobart)

Convict record, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1436391; CON31/1/39,243,155,F,60 

Inquests, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1360294; POL709/1/12 p.31 (1875); SC195/1/57 Inquest 7468 

William Snelling, convict per Joseph Soames, 1, 1846,255,189,F,60 

SOBELS, Richard

Bassoonist (Tanunda School Band)

Active Tanunda, SA, 1853


"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2

. . . Some good pieces of music also were performed by a band of youthful musicians, under the direction of Mr. Draeger. Amongst the performances, we noticed as very creditable those of Franz Beyer and Hugo Muecke, on the violin; of Hermann Nettelbeck on the German flute; and of Richard Sobels on the bassoon. The oldest of these performers does not exceed their teen years of age . . .

? "Obituaries of the Week", Observer (25 June 1910), 38 

A gloom prevailed at Tanunda on Sunday when it became known that Mr. Richard Carl Sobels, the popular host of the Tanunda Hotel, had died early that morning after a few days' illness at the, age of 72 years. The deceased gentleman was born on March 13, 1838, at Quedlinburg, Saxony, Germany. He arrived in South Australia by the ship Hermann von Beckrath on December 15, 1847 . . .


Bugler (9th Regiment), convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


[Notice of absconders], The Sydney Herald (29 October 1840), 4

Solly John, Coramandel (3), 41, Canterbury, bugler in the 9th Foot, 5 feet 11 inches, fair and ruddy comp., sandy hair, grey eyes, holding a Ticket of Leave for the district of Windsor.


Violinist, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1839


"CECILIAN SOCIETY'S ANNIVERSAY CONCERT", The Colonist (14 December 1839), 2

Mr. Solomon's performance on the violin, as usual, gave universal satisfaction and was encored. Mr. Wallace's flute was listened to with the same pleasure it always is. "The Maid of Judah" was very well sung by Mr. S. a [?] (Secretary to the Society), although Mr. S. was labouring under a severe cold.


Circus performer, cornopean player

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1848


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (3 November 1848), 3 

. . . After which, THE FLYING CORD, By Mr. Solomon, Who, in the course of his Performance, will introduce on the Cornopean the favorite Solo of "Kate Kearney" . . .


Music teacher, blind musician, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1885



"VICTORIAN ASYLUM AND SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND", Bendigo Advertiser (27 October 1885), 2

"Local and Other News", Kyabram Union (19 January 1894), 2

We would direct attention to the fact that Mr A. Solomon, teacher of music and singing, visits Tatura every Tuesday and Wednesday, and can be seen at Mrs. Finn's, Casey-street, on those days. Mr Solomon holds credentials for tuning from Mr Arthur H. Whinfield, musical director to the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, Mr. A. J. Pallett, vocal master, J. T. Hogarth, superintendent and secretary and A. E. King, tuning-master, and J. T. Higgins, tuning instructor to the above institution. Mr. Pallett speaks of Mr. Solomon as a careful, diligent teacher, one ever ready to help to push forward the interests of those placed under his charge. He was looked upon as one of the best pupils the Blind Institute produced, and was especially useful as a choir director. Mr. Solomon has been teaching in this district for the past 18 months, and, wherever he has been, he has always received a good name as a teacher. He is at present conductor of the Murchison Choral Society, and acts as organist at the Church of England at the same town. Mr Solomon's proved ability to instruct and teach singing and music should secure for hint a number of pupils in Tatura and its surroundings.

"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

. . . Aaron Solomon went blind when six years of age. He retired to rest one night and woke the next morning only to find his sight was gone, and the remarkable occurrence has never been satisfactorily accounted for. For five years he was employed at the Institute as a music teacher, and for two years was teaching in the Goulburn Valley district, being at the same time organist of Christ Church, Murchison, and conductor of the Murchison Choral Society. He has a splendid baritone voice, and his comic songs have convulsed many an audience. He is also a master of the piano, cornet, etc., and holds a certificate for piano tuning.

"MENDICANTS IN THE CITY. Prosecuted for Obstruction", The Argus (22 June 1923) 9

"CONCERT BY THE BLIND", West Gippsland Gazette (11 November 1924), 3


SOLOMON, Edward (also Edward SALAMAN) = Edward SALAMON

SOLOMON, Isaac (Isaac SOLOMON, "the younger")

Singer (Hobart Synagogue)

Born Sheerness, Kent, England, c. 1814/15; son of Isaac SOLOMON (c. 1778-1856) and Esther RUSSELL (1775-1861)
Arrived VDL (TAS), 30 March 1833 (free, per Enchantress from London, 20 November 1832)
Married Elizabeth SOLOMON, St. John's church, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 3 July 1834
Departed Australia, c. 1875 (for New Zealand)
Died Dunedin, NZ, 7 September 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Isaac Solomon, the younger, was a son of a convict, Judah Solomon (c. 1778-1856), already established in Hobart. He and his future wife Elizabeth Solomon (sic) arrived in a party of Jewish immigrants on the Enchantress on 30 March 1833. They married in Launceston in 1834 where Isaac began trading as publican of the "Hope and Anchor". Having relocated to Hobart by c. 1840, he was, with his father, one of the founders of the Hobart Synagogue, and a singer at the consecration in July 1845.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (5 April 1833), 3 

To Capt. David Roxburgh. SIR. - Previously to leaving your ship the "Enchantress," we beg to take this opportunity of tendering you our heartfelt thanks for your unremitting kind conduct to us during a pleasant voyage of 115 days . . . we are Sir, your most obedient Servants,
ISAAC SOLOMON and family of 12 persons.
JAMES ADKINS do. 3 do.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1833), 3 

SIR, WE, the undersigned, desirous of acknowledging our cordial and grateful thanks for the kindness and polite attention you evinced towards us during our passage from England, avail ourselves of the present mode of expressing them, and earnestly wish during your voyage through life, health, happiness, and prosperity may accompany you, and have the honour of remaining, yours &c.,
To Captain David Roxburgh, Enchantress.

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. John, Launceston . . . in the year 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:821182; RGD36/1/2 no 2580$init=RGD36-1-2p147 

"Hobart Town Police Report", Tasmanian Weekly Dispatch (12 June 1840), 7 

Friday, June 5. Elizabeth Solomon, this morning charged Isaac Solomon, her husband, with general illusage, and refusing to allow her a proper maintenance, to which he pleaded not guilty. The Magistrate, after a most patient hearing of the case, which was defended by Mr. Rowlands, dismissed it, as one not within their jurisdiction, or the meaning of the Maintenance Act of this Colony.

"THE JEWS' SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (15 August 1843), 3 

On Wednesday last, the 9th instant, a great concourse of citizens were assembled, to witness the novel ceremony of laying the first stone of a Synagogue, dedicated by the Hebrew residents in the colony, to the worship of Jehovah, after the manner of their ancestors, in an allotment of ground near Temple House, which had been liberally granted for that purpose by Mr. Judah Solomon . . . COMMITTEE: Messrs. Samuel Moses, Isaac Friedman, David Moses, Philip Levy, Isaac Solomon, D. R. Furtado . . .

[Editorial], Colonial Times (8 July 1845), 2 

THE interesting ceremony of the dedication of the Synagogue took place on Friday the 4th instant, in the presence of a congregation which occupied even to pressure (although admitted by tickets issued with great restriction), the whole capacity of the beautiful little edifice, and was composed of the elite of the town and neighbourhood. Sir John and Lady Pedder, Judge Montagu, Colonel and Mrs. Elliott, Captain and Mrs. Forster, Captain and Mrs. Swanston, Captain and Mrs. Forth, Mr. and Mrs Dunn, jun., Mrs. and the Misses Dunn, Mr. and Mrs. Augustus Wilmot, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Macdowell, Mr. T. Macdowell, Mr. and Mrs. Hone, Mr and Mrs. Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Watchorn, Mr. and Mrs Carter, Mr. and Mrs. W. Robertson, Captain and Mrs. Read, Mr. and Mrs. Murray, the Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Bedford, the Rev. Mr. Fry and several Clergymen of the Established Church of England, several Officers of the 51st K.O.L.I., Mr. Elliston, Mr. Macdougall, Mr. Wilson, and Mr. Hall, proprietors of the Hobart Town newspapers; in a word, all that the building could contain of the respectable inhabitants.

The ceremony commenced with one of Haydn's most favourite symphonies admirably performed by a choice orchestra led by Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Reichenberg presiding at the piano. The choir was admirable, and singing of very first order; the melodies beautiful, and the harmonies perfect. A procession composed of the officers of the congregation circumambulated the avenues formed by the visitors seven times, at each interval the choir, accompanied by the orchestra, singing select passages of appropriate Psalms, but arranged to beautiful melodies. The procession was composed of the Rev. Mr. Jones (the reader, a gentleman recently arrived from London), Mr. Nathan (the President of the Committee), Mr. Judah Solomon (the Treasurer), Mr. Moss (the Secretary), Mr. D. Moses, Mr. Heckscher, Mr. Hart, Mr. S. Moses, Mr. Friedman, Mr. P. Levy, Mr. Isaac Solomon, and some other Israelite gentlemen. The Rolls of the Law were borne by these gentlemen alternately at each procession, the bearing being considered a high honour. At the close of the seventh circuit the Rolls were deposited in the Ark, a most splendid recess lined with purple velvet and highly ornamented with gold lace. Mr. Jones, the reader, then went to the desk, and read with much impressiveness the Consecration Prayer (the whole Service was in original Hebrew, a book of which in that character and English, remarkably well printed by Mr. Wolfe of Liverpool-street, was delivered with each ticket), a prayer for the Queen, afterwards delivered, is ensculptured in English on a marble tablet in gold letters on the north side of the edifice. One of the Rolls of the Law was then taken out of the Ark and delivered to "the Reader," who chaunted with musical accompaniments several appropriate passages of Scripture After which he read a prayer for the Royal Family . . .

The 39th Psalm was then chaunted by the choir with great taste and effect. Another prayer then followed, after which the 150th Psalm was sung by the choir, the Hallelujahs particularly beautifully, indeed it is only due to the gentlemen who formed the choir to say that their performances would have done credit to any London Concert of Sacred Music. The ceremony concluded about seven o'clock with the celebration of the ordinary afternoon and Sabbath eve Services, which will be in future regularly performed in this build- ing, and will no doubt attract numerous Christian auditors . . .


"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.

Bibliography and resources:

John Levi, These are the names: Jewish lives in Australia, 1788-1850 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing, 2013) (PREVIEW)

SOTHERN, John Russell

Organist, composer, author, printer, publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1862
Died North Queensland, 21 November 1895 (NLA persistent identifier)


Sothern published a volume of verse, Zephyrus, and other poems in Melbourne in July 1862, and his first musical publication followed in March 1863, an anthem, The lord is my shepherd. In June 1863 his patriotic song The British volunteers (word by S. H. Banks of the Collingwood Rifles) was sung at the Royal Haymarket Theatre in Melbourne. A few months later he relocated to Sydney, where in April 1864, it was reported that:

Mr. Southern [sic] has composed a very excellent Magnificat which it is said he intended to send to England for publication. This gentleman has also composed other pieces possessing merit, particularly the Australian New Year's march.

This latter was published for New Year 1864 under the imprint of Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., Sydney, "Dedicated to Lieutenant Colonel Kempt, of the XII Regiment". It was perhaps the same work as the "Original Grand March, composed by J. R. Southern Esq. [sic] . . . performed on the Organ, by the composer" during the interval at a concert in Sydney in October 1863; and perhaps, too, the same as the "AUSTRALIAN CHRISTMAS MARCH . . . by J. R. SOUTHERN, Esq., that was advertised as about to be published in December by George Peck's widow and son, Felix. And again, at a charity concert in July 1864, "An Australian march, performed by the composer, Mr. J. R. Southern (who kindly volunteered his services as accompanist) concluded the first portion of the entertainment".

Before the end of 1864, Sothern had relocated again to Queensland, where, in Ipswich, in June 1867, he released part 1 of The Queensland comic song book (NO COPY IDENTIFIED).

According to a later account (Barker 1927), Sothern had brought printing plant with him from Sydney:

. . . for the purpose of printing a sporting newspaper. He told me the original cost of the plant was £1100. His partners were Messrs. Controy and Hunt . . . The name of the paper was "Bell's Life" and its columns were open to sporting advertisements and news. It was a failure and his partners left him to battle with a load of debts . . . Then came the historical opening up of Gympie in October, 1867 and Mr. Sothern joined the big rush to that field . . . After a couple of months, however, Mr Sothern came back from Gympie a sad and poor man, one of many unlucky diggers. He resumed work and continued until January, 1868, when Messrs. Parkinson and Kidner purchased the plant and took it to Gympie, where they established the Gympie Times.

Back in Sydney in June 1876, James Reading and Co. published Sothern's Empress of India grand march (see second edition The empress of India march).

He was living in Castlemaine, VIC, in June 1879 when his ballad A passing dream was awarded bronze medal for musical composition at the Sandhurst Exhibition. He was piano tuning in Cairns by 1889, and died there, intestate, in 1895.


[News], The Argus (5 July 1862), 4

[News], The Argus (3 March 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 June 1863), 8

[Advertisement], Empire (19 October 1863), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (5 December 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1863), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1864), 6

"TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1864), 4


"SHIPPING", Brisbane Courier (10 December 1864), 4

"News of the Week", The Queenslander (8 June 1867), 5

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (4 March 1871), 3

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (9 March 1871), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1876), 11

[News], The Argus (3 July 1876), 4

"MUDGEE", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 August 1876), 10

"SANDHURST", The Argus (18 June 1879), 3

[News], The Argus (12 March 1881), 5

[Advertisement], Cairns Post (5 June 1889), 4

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 July 1899), 8


"Some Rare Australian Books", The West Australian (23 September 1933), 4 

SOU-ALLE, Ali-Ben (Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle; Augustin Edouard SOUALLE

Go to mainpage: 

SOUTH, George Frederick (George Frederick SOUTH; Mr. G. F. SOUTH; Rev. G. F. SOUTH; George Frederick Handel SOUTH)

Musician, organist, composer, clergyman

Born Salibury, England, 1838 (first quarter); son of George Bennett SOUTH (1814-1891) and Sarah PEACEY (1814-1889)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 January 1840 (per John Bull, aged "1 1/2")
Married Catherine BAYLISS (1846-1926), VIC, 1864
Active Otago, NZ, c. 1873-81
Died Brunswick, VIC, 28 February 1911, aged "77" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


George South was born in Salibury early in 1838, a son of George Bennet South and Sarah Peacey, who had married at St. Martin's, Salisbury, on 22 June 1835.


List of bounty immigrants per the ship John Bull [January 1840]; Public Records Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Geo'e South / 27 / Dairyman / [from] Salibury // Sarah / 25 // Geo. / 1 1/2

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Leader (26 December 1863), 2

A Christmas concert of sacred and secular music was given on Tuesday in the Wesleyan Grammar Schools, Church street, Richmond, by the principal of the schools, Mr. G. F. South, assisted by the members of the Juvenile Philharmonic Society. The attendance was very large, and for the most part consisted of ladies. The evening's entertainment commenced with some pieces of sacred music, after which the cantata of "Christ Stilling the Tempest," composed by Mr South, was produced with great effect and ability, the soloists being - soprano, Miss E. Reeves; contralto, Miss F. Reeves; tenor, Mr. Wilson; and bass, Mr. C. Reeves. The composition of the piece reflects great credit on the musical talents of the composer. It received a most cordial welcome from the audience . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Fanny Reeves (vocalist)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (12 March 1864), 4 

We perceive from an advertisement in our issue of to-day, that special services will be held tomorrow in the East Melbourne Congregational Church, at the bottom of Victoria parade. The Rev. J. Beer, the pastor, will preach in the morning; and the Rev. Dr. Cairns in the evening. Also, on Tuesday next, a public tea meeting will be held . . . The choir, under the management of Mr. South, of Richmond, and assisted by Miss Watson, Mr. and Miss Reeves and others will sing some selections from the works of Handel and others.

ASSOCIATIONS: Bertha Watson (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1864), 8

"LATEST FROM VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 August 1864), 6

The Chronicle gives the music of an Australian jubilee ode, composed by Mr. G. F. South, organist of Richmond Wesleyan Church.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (10 August 1865), 5 

This evening a concert of sacred music will be given in the East Melbourne Congregational Church (Rev. J. Beer's), on the occasion of the opening of a new organ, constructed by Mr Geo. Fincham, of Bridge-road, Richmond. Mr. G. F. South will preside at the organ . . .

[News], The Leader (12 August 1865), 3

. . . The programme submitted comprised selections from "The Messiah," "Judas Maccabaeus," "The Creation," and a new oratorio by Mr. G. F. South, entitled "Christ Stilling the Tempest" . . .

[News], The Argus (13 September 1867), 4

A concert of sacred music took place last evening, in the Wesleyan Church, Richmond, in aid of the building fund. There was a fair attendance, there being about 200 people present. The programme consisted of selections from Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Mendelssohn, and other composers; and there being among the performers some acknowledged favourites, who were well supported by a good chorus, the various pieces were rendered in a manner that could not fail to give satisfaction. The efforts of Miss Mortley and Miss Ivey were especially applauded, as well as those of Mr. G. F. South, who presided at the organ with his usual ability. Mr. H. Wilson is also deserving of praise, for the creditable manner in which he performed the duties devolving upon him as conductor.

[News], Gippsland Times (28 December 1883), 2

At the Ordination Service held in St. Peter's Church, Eastern Hill, Melbourne, on Sunday morning last, of four candidates for the office of Deacon two gentlemen were from Gippsland, namely Mr. John Standrin, now stationed at Walhalla, late Primitive Methodist clergyman at Sale, and Mr. George Frederick South, of Holy Trinity, Stratford, who were ad mitted into Holy orders, by the Right Rev. Dr. Moorhouse, D.D., Bishop of Melbourne.

SOUTH, Eliza Anna = Madame Anna KING (Mrs. Frederick Augustus KING)

SOUTH, James Anthony (junior) (James Anthony Hew SOUTH)

Vocalist, comedian, opera company manager

See main entry in King family of musicians page James Anthony South junior

SOUTTEN, Frank (baptised Frank; Fanck M. SOUTTEN; F. M. SOUTTEN)

Librettist, writer of farces, vaudevilles &c.

Born 31 July 1831; baptised, St. Paul, Covent Garden, London, 4 March 1832 (son of Francis SOUTTEN and Amelia BARNETT)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1854
Died Albury, NSW, 4 January 1856, "aged 21" [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATH FROM DROWNING", The Argus (18 January 1856), 5

We regret to have to record the occurrence of a fatal accident to Mr. F. M. Soutten, a young man of considerable literary ability and favorably known to the Melbourne public as the author of several clever vaudevilles which were performed by the Nelson family about two years ago. Mr. Soutten lost his life while bathing in the river Murray, at Albury, on the morning of the 4th inst. . . . The deceased was only twenty-one years of age, and was a great favourite with all who were in his intimates . . . He was author of the successful vaudevilles, "The Sporting Gent", "A Midnight Mystery", "A Brace of Ducks", "A Turk in Distress", and "The Russians in Melbourne", the last of which was the first original burlesque produced in this colony. He was also associated with Mr. W. M. Akhurst in the authorship of a piece de circonstance entitled "The Battle of Melbourne" which, being founded upon the ridiculous circumstance which accompanied the return of the Great Britain from quarantine, met with great success at the Queen's Theatre . . . Mr. Soutten came of a thoroughly theatrical family, his mother, when Miss Barnett, being renowned as one of the most accomplished maitresses de ballet of her day, and his uncle Mr. Morris Barnett, being even more famous as the author of "Monsieur Jacques", the "Serious Family", and numerous other successful dramatic pieces.


Madame Soutten (Amelia Barnett SOUTTEN d.1877)

Sidney Nelson

W. M. Akhurst

SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (senior) see in main page Ernesto SPAGNOLETTI senior
SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (junior) see in main page Ernesto SPAGNOLETTI junior
SPAGNOLETTI, Nina see in main page Nina SPAGNOLETTI
SPAGNOLETTI, Hylton see in main page Hylton SPAGNOLETTI

Main page: 


Butcher, Publican, hotelier, music venue proprietor (Royal Hotel, Sydney)

Born South Brent, Devon, England, 1799; son of Edward SPARKE (1769-1844) and Mary HOSKING (1772-1852)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1824 (free per Aguila, )
Married Mary WALFORD (Mrs. SYMONS) (1798-1881), St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 5 July 1830
Died Sydney, NSW, 14 December 1852, aged "53" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Royal Hotel, Sydney

John Sparke, hotel keeper, Royal Hotel, Sydney; Heads of the people (18 March 1848)

John Sparke, hotel keeper, Royal Hotel, Sydney; in Heads of the people (18 March 1848), frontispiece (DIGITISED)


NSW census, 1828, alphabetical return; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Sparke Edward / 60 / CT / Aguila 1824 // Mary / 57 // John / 29 / Butcher / King St. Sydney // . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (14 July 1830), 4 

On Monday, by special license, at St. James's Church, MR. JOHN SPARK, of Sydney, to MRS. SYMONS, of the George Inn, Castlereagh Street.

"THE HOTEL KEEPER", Heads of the people (18 March 1848), frontispiece (Sparke portrait above); 1-2 (Royal Hotel, below)

. . . Every man is not born to be a genius, nor is every one fitted to be an Hotel-keeper, but, there are few in this colony who possess more capabilities for the latter than Mr. John Sparkes, the well known and highly-esteemed head of the Royal Hotel in George-street, whose fortune, however, has not been equal to his merit. The original building of that name was erected by Mr. Barnet Levy, who transformed a large store attached to it into a theatre, and obtained a licence for dramatic performances from Sir Richard Bourke, who restricted him to the production of such pieces as had received the approval of the Lord Chamberlain in England. The first regular performance took place on the 26th December, 1832, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel, when, to use a conventional phrase, "Black-eyed Susan" and "Monsieur Tonson" were received with unbounded applause, by a brilliant and fashionable audience. The company then consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Knowles, Mr. and Mrs. Mackay, Messrs. Meredith, Groves, Buckingham, Johnson, Peate, Dyball, and Barnet Levy. For two seasons the little theatre [2] was crowded to excess; and the great marks of encouragement which he received from the colonists induced the proprietor to prepare a larger arena for displaying the talents of his dramatic corps, and, in the latter end of 1833, he removed his whole force to his new temple of Thespis, which was called the "Theatre Royal, Sydney." The Royal Hotel then reverted to its original purposes, and in 1836 Mr. Sparkes took possession of, and continued in, it until 1840, when it was unluckily burnt down, together with the adjoining premises belonging to Mr. Blanch, an ironfounder, in whose stables the fire originated. The fee simple then belonged to Mr. Joseph Wyatt; from him it passed into the hands of Mr. John Terry Hughes, who erected the present magnificent structure upon the old site. The pecuniary embarrassments of this gentleman occasioned by the magnitude of his speculations, and the sudden depression of Colonial affairs have left the building incomplete at the present moment; but it is to be hoped, that the day is not far distant when Mr. Hughes’ difficulties will disappear, and the original design of the Royal Hotel be fully carried out. It will then contain upwards of 100 rooms, comprising from 70 to 80 sleeping apartments, a billiard-room, ball-room, and concert-room, and every convenience which the most fastidious public can require. As Mr. Sparkes has obligingly favored us with his head for this number of our work, we furnish our readers, by way of a tail-piece, with an engraving of the edifice over which he presides so praiseworthily. -

Royal Hotel, George Street, Sydney; Heads of the people (18 March 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1850), 1

MESSRS. PELL, HANWOOD, GERMAN, and WHITE, beg respectfully to acquaint the gentry and inhabitants of Sydney that they have arrived here via New Bedford, and purpose giving a series of these popular and fashionable entertainments, the first of which will take place at the Royal Hotel on Wednesday, August 7th, when the most favourite Vocal and Instrumental Songs and Solos will be introduced. For further particulars see bills. Tickets to be obtained at Mr. Sparke's, Royal Hotel, and Mr. Ducro's, Music Saloon, 28, Hunter-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ethiopian Serenaders (August 1850); John Henry Ducros (music seller)

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1852), 3 

On the 14th instant, at his residence, Royal Hotel, George-street, Mr. John Sparke, aged fifty-three years, after a long and protracted illness.

"CHOW YOW FIN. A LEGEND OF VAUCLUSE", Empire (31 December 1852), 2 

The Lord of Vaucluse is gloomy and sad,
His collar's awry, and he looks very bad;
He paces his chamber with furious tread,
With a Panama hat on the top of his head.
Hurried and flurried,
Excited and worried.
He drinks not his coffee, he eats not his grub,
But looks like Diog'nes who liv'd in a tub.

Chow Yow Fin from Vaucluse is fled,
And alarm through the rest of the vassals has spread,
As they trembling think of the terrible fate
That, will fall to the lot of their runaway mate.
Rambling and scrambling.
Trotting and ambling,
If he's gone to the diggings he'll soon be brought back.
For the lndigoes Royal are out on his track.

The sound of the banjo is heard in the hall!
How sweet on the ear do its dulcet notes fall,
Like the gushing of water through dingle or dell
Or a Black Serenader at Sparkes's Hotel.
Twanging and banging,
Banging and twanging,
Mixed with its notes as they travel along,
The voice of " The Baron" is heard in this song . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: The lord of Vaucluse = William Charles Wentworth

SEE ALSO: Chow Yow Fin, AustLit (PAYWALL)

Bibliography and resources:

John Sparke, Find a grave 


Vocalist (pupil of Garcia and Negri), teacher of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1855; ? departed May, 1855 (for Melbourne)


"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

M. Boulanger will be assisted by Mrs. Spence, who will make her first appearance in Sydney. This lady is a pupil of Garcia, and is very highly spoken of in musical circles.

[Advertisement], Empire (22 February 1855), 1

"MR. EDWARD BOULANGER'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (23 February 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1855), 1

"MR. MARSH'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (5 March 1855), 5

"MISKA HAUSER", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 April 1855), 2

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 May 1855), 4 

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1859), 8 

WANTED, by a LADY, who has studied under Garcia and Negri, PUPILS in PIANOFORTE and SINGING. For address, &c., apply to F. MADER, 269, George-street.


Actor, comic vocalist

Born ? England, c. 1811
? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 14 March 1834 (per Resource, from London, 7 November 1833)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by April 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, July 1854, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Spencer performed with the Camerons in Hobart and Launceston in 1834, with and Deane's company in Hobart toward the end of the year. Taking his benefit at Deane's Argyle Rooms on 5 November, he played in Kotzebue's The stranger opposite Anne Remens Clarke, and was also billed to sing a comic song, and Massaroni's ritornella from Planche's The brigand "in character" (Love's ritornella,, music by Thomas Cooke, also known as Gentle Zitella).


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (4 November 1834), 3 

"THE LATE MR ALBERT SPENCER", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (22 July 1854), 2 

Mr. Spencer was a scholar of no mean pretensions, and possessed peculiar talents as an artist, altho' his manner of expression was frequently a source of deprecatory remark, even amongst his most intimate friends. We are informed that he studied his original profession (Navigation) with deep attention, and even bade fair to prove an ornament to the College in which he was educated; but after consequences, it appears, induced him to follow an entirely different pursuit. In privaie life Mr. Spencer was unassuming and intelligent; and his name has been associated with Theatricals in this colony for a period extending over twenty years. He made his debut at the old Theatre, under Mr. Barnett Levy; and afterwards at the opening of the Royal Victoria in March 1831 [1838], delivered the opening prologue, and only terminated his connection wilth that Theatre a few days since, on the occasion of its close, consequent on a change in the Proprietary. Some lectures delivered by Mr. Spencer at the School of Arts, on the subject of Dramatic Literature, redound much to his credit. The dissolution of the deceased gentleman may almost he deemed to have taken place upon the Stage (as it was recently said of a late eminent judge, the learned author of "Ion"), the fatal accident having occurred almost within a few hours from the closing of the Theatre. At the age of 43 years were his remains consigned to the new Cemetery. Mr Spencer, it is said, by advices from England, had lately come into possession of £200 per. annum, and he was entitled to arrear money for some six years, equal to £1200; but it was ordained that he should never reap the wind-fall.

SPENCER, John (John SPENCER; John Benedict SPENCER, O.S.B.; Rev'd Mr. SPENCER)

Vocalist, choirmaster, pianist, organist, Roman Catholic cleric, Benedictine monk

Born Liverpool, England, 13 March 1803; baptised St. Mary's Catholic chapel, Liverpool, 13 March 1803; son of Edward SPENCER and Catherine ?
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 September 1835 (per Oriental, from Liverpool, April)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1838 (per Lord William Bentinck, for London)
Died Dartmoor prison, Devon, England, 25 April 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Benedictine monk, Spencer arrived in Sydney with John Bede Polding in September 1835. At Polding's installation at St. Mary's chapel later than month, Spencer was reportedly one of the choral singers. In February 1836, the Gazette considered the respective offerings of church music round the town, concluding:

The solemnity and superiority of the music at the Roman Catholic Chapel over the other Churches, has become proverbial, and it is certainly a reflection on the parties concerned that with so beautiful an instrument, the performance and singing at St. James's Church is so mediocre. The singing even at the St. Phillip's Church, with the barrel organ, is superior to St. James's. The praise is more deserting to Mr. Spencer, the performer on the Accordion at the Chapel, as he has greater difficulties to encounter, and fewer singers than at the other Churches, notwithstanding which, the harmony is blended with taste and feeling, and consequently makes a suitable impression on the hearer, and commands devotion.

In May 1836 the Australian reported:

The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's church last Sunday, the whole of which, we believe, was under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who displayed great taste in his selection of the music. Part of the mass was from Magginghi [Mazzinghi], which was peculiarly pretty, and part from that splendid composer Mozart. Mrs. Rust sang two beautiful solos, one "Ave verum," arranged by Myren [?], and the "Agnus Dei," from Mozart, which she executed with her usual brilliancy and feeling. The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. [Francis] Clarke, and the bass by Mr. Bushell. We have never heard this gentleman before - his voice is a very fine bass, and he sung the last mentioned piece in admirable style. We also observed Mr. Deane and Mr. Wallace in the choir, who added their valuable assistance. Mr. Cavendish presided scientifically at the Seraphine. We observed a great number of Protestant ladies and gentlemen in the body of the Church, which was crowded in every part.

In September 1836, at St. Mary's oratorio:

Mr. Spencer performed with much energy the difficult Recitative and Air at the opening of the "Creation" . . .

My thanks (2019) to Colin Fowler, O.P., for kindly sharing information on Spencer's ecclesiatical career


Diary of Lewis Harding, onboard the Oriental, 1835; Sydney Catholic Archdiocesan archives; transcription Colin Fowler

29 March: Mr. Curtoise [Curtoys] and Mr. Spencer are music amateurs and play on the piano in our evening meetings.

17 April: We fired with our rifles today at bottles, which we threw out; Mr. Spencer hit on the first shot.

24 June: Today was Mr. Gregory's profession day also. Mr. Spencer sang Cantiques this evening and the Benissons a jamais.

28 June: Mr. Spencer sang on the piano the Litany of the B.V. and some cantiques.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Colonist (17 September 1835), 7

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 February 1836), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

Letter, John Bede Polding, Sydney, to Dr. Birdsall (7 June 1836); ed. in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, 1, 293-94 

. . . in the view of encouraging and giving strong motives to a manly line of conduct, I have made Mr Spencer, Subdeacon; and as soon as I can obtain a salary, I shall send [him] to Port Macquarie to form a congregation. He refers to his want of experience, to the state of dependence in which he has always lived, as the causes of his defects of character. I am determined he shall have a fair trial: and, for this purpose, I shall send him to Port Macquarie; the resort of all the invalids and what are called the Gentlemen Convicts . . . [294] . . . Spencer's faults are quite what they used to be: no immorality: but contriving and mischief-making; so long as he is with me, I could not think of having Boys, for I am sure I should be involved in scrapes of his making. I must say for him he evinces zeal in reading prayers and in instructing in his music for the Church to a certain degree; but I am miserably deceived in the hope that I entertained, that by his means I could introduce Music amongst the Children of the Charity Schools, and form them to Chapel singing. The fact is, he dislikes trouble and will plead inability, want of talent, any excuse to escape it . . .

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1836), 2 

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (2 March 1838), 2

Letter, John Bede Polding, Sydney, to Mr. Hepton [Paulinus Heptonstall] (6 May 1838); ed. in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, 1, 320-21 

. . . Our choir goes on prosperously. It is far superior to what it was under Mr. [321] S's management. Apropos, Mr. S has taken with him or put out of the way, a quantity of music arranged for the last festival. I cannot say how much he is censured by the musicians for this nonsense. To him it cannot be of any service; to us, of great. It has much injured him in the esteem of those by whom he wished to be deemed a badly used man.

"WORSHIP-STREET", Morning Advertiser [London, England] (26 May 1860), 6

John Spencer, a tall, grey-headed man, 60 years of age, described as a schoolmaster, was brought before Mr. D'Eyncourt, by Inspector Webster, of the N. division, on a warrant granted by J. S. Mansfield, Esq., wherein he was charged with the commission of an abominable and unnatural offence upon one and more of his pupils.
Leon Moresco, a respectably-attired and rather handsome lad, who gave evidence with much intelligence and void of embarrassment, was sworn, and said - "I shall be 13 years old next birthday, which is in June. My father is dead, and my mother resides at Brussels. I was sent to England two year ago, and arrived on Jan. 10, and was placed at a school kept by a person named Philpot, in Goldsmiths'-place, Hackney-road, about a twelvemonth since. Mr. Spencer succeeded Mr. Philpot. I was day scholar at that time. About seven weeks since I went to Brussels and returned three or four weeks ago. There were about thirty scholars, but there had been more. A lady who lodged in the house told me that Mr. Spencer was a Catholic priest. Mr. D'Eyncourt (to the prisoner). - Are you a Catholic priest?
Prisoner. - No, Sir.
Sergeant Maveety, N. Division. - It has been ascertained that his right name is John Benedict Spencer, that he is a Roman Catholic priest, and has preached at Liverpool.
Prisoner. - It is totally false. I have never been out of the house.
Examination continued. - Mr. Philpot left the school at Midsummer last, and when this gentleman came he used me vulgarly. On my return from Brussels I went to live there.
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - Did anything occur before you went to live there?
Witness. - Yes, about four or five months since.
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - Be particular. What did he do?
[Witness here described acts that, if true, showed the prisoner to have been guilty of the frightful offence with which he was charged. He also stated, in answer to the magistrate, that the offence had been repeated several times.]
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - How did all this become known?
Witness - There are three lodgers in the house. I told one of them named Ashford, who advised me to go to the magistrate, and I came here.
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - How did you learn the way to this court?
Witness - I knew a lady in Providence-row, close by, and observed that this was a police court; besides, I read the newspapers. Another lodger, named Hurst, advised me to come and complain privately.
Mr. D'Eyncourt - Who saw this boy when he first came?
Bendon (the gaoler)- I did, Sir, and Mr. Mansfield had an interview with him.
The witness was then cross-examined by Mr. Heritage. - How came you, intelligent as you certainly are, to let this go on and not complain?
Witness - One of the boys named Hoskins knew it after the first time. I was ashamed to tall about it afterwards. Sometimes I took down my trousers, at other times he did. I knew what was going to happen, yet did not call out for assistance. He has made complaints of me having stolen his money; that, perhaps, was seven or eight months ago.
Mr. D'Eyncourt - And had you stolen it?
Witness - Yes, sometimes fourpence, and at others sixpence at a time, for a week of two. I do not think that I took more than 3s. altogether.
Cross-examination continued. - I never took 6s. from his purse at one time. He said that he would forgive me if I paid him back, and I did so at until half was paid. He forgave me the other part. He also charged me with stealing 4s. 6d. I had not taken that. He also charged me with stealing his sugar; that was true. He has told me that he would adopt me, cure me of my faults, take care of me, and get me a situation. He bore the name of very kind-hearted man in the neighbourhood. I was always afraid and ashamed of what had occurred. He once threatened to send me to Brussels on account of dishonesty, but he did not mean it, because he laughed, and was kind directly afterwards. This was after my return from Brussels, and I did not wish to return because I should be a weight upon my mother there. When my father was alive a person named Inderman was in partnership with him, and was an exporter of foreign goods. He paid for my schooling some time. After that Mr. Spencer said he would adopt me. The last time he did as I have stated was on the Sunday previous to my coming here, and complaining on the following Wednesday. I believe that he has served other boys the same. He once told me to take my things, and leave the house. Then he called me back, and seeing me with the letters in which he promised to adopt me, he said "Stop," and went into another room. I did remain until I came to this office. On that day he would not give me any breakfast or dinner, and I did not come here until afterwards.
By the Magistrate. - I know a lad named Roberts. He lived next door to the school. The lady up stairs are the school warned Mr. Spencer that I was coming here. I told Roberts what had occurred, and the pains that I suffered.
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - Who adopts this prosecution?
Inspector Webster. - Mr. Roberts, Sir, the father of the other boy who is alleged to have been similarly assaulted.
Mr. D'Eyncourt (to Mr. Roberts). - Has this lad said anything to you of this matter?
Mr. Roberts - Not a word, Sir; I thought that I would leave it entirely open.
Mr. D'Eyncourt - Quite right; he has been living in your house, I believe.
Mr. Roberts. - He has since the occurrence became known.
Mr. D'Eyncourt. - He will now be sent to the Union during the remand, for I cannot go into the other case today.
Let me hear how the prisoner was taken.
Williams, 102 N. - At 11 o'clock this morning I apprehended the prisoner in High-street, Camden Town.
I met him, and said, I believe that you are Mr. Spencer," he replied, "No, I am not."
I said, "Yes, you are, and I am a police-constable; you must go with me to the station-house."
I told him the nature of the charge, and he asked to go round corner of a street and speak with him.
I refused. We walked some distance together, and then he said, "I will give you a sovereign if you will let me make my escape."
I refused, and he offered me two sovereigns. I said, "Not if you gave me fifty."
We then went on till we arrived the St. Pancras-road, where he suddenly asked to see the warrant for his apprehension. I did not hold the warrant and told him so. He refused to go further. A struggle ensued, and he bit my thumb. With the assistance of a gentleman, I took him to Robert-street station-house.
Inspector Webster. - He has given us a great deal of trouble, Sir, having absconded when the lad came to this court.
Mr. Heritage applied for permission to put in bail; and Mr. D'Eyncourt gave permission to put in two sureties of 500l. each, at the same time observing that it was an amount, under the circumstances, tantamount to refusing the application.
The prisoner, who bowed to the Court, and comported himself very respectfully, was removed in the van.


. . . Three other charges were now proceeded with, each of which, as the former one, were of gross a character as to preclude a clear detail . . .


John Benedict Spencer, an aged man, stated to be a Catholic priest, and at the time of the alleged offence keeping a school in Goldsmith's-place, Hackney-road, was again brought before Mr. D'Eyncourt, charged with the commission of an abominable offence upon several of his pupils.
The evidence of another lad, which was similar to that already given, having been taken, and the depositions of all read over by Mr. Hurlestone, the chief clerk.
Mr. Heritage, who again defended the prisoner, complained of the unfairness with which the case had been got up by the police, who he observed, as shown by the cross-examination of one of the boys, had been aiding and assisting to fix the dates of these alleged assaults, to which observation.
Mr. D'Eyncourt replied - I do not think there is the slightest ground for such remark. I directed that every exertion should be used to ascertain the very requisite point of dates. I did this in open court, and instructed Inspector Webster, who has charge of the the case, to assist in it. This is a class of offence most difficult to prove clearly, and in the absence of a public prosecutor we are indebted to the police for what service they can render. Not anyone is more jealous than myself of interference, and I never sanction an ordinary constable stepping out of his direct line of duty. If any one is to blame it is myself for directing the inquiry, and I do not hesitate in saying it could not have been in better hands to execute than those of Inspector Webster; he has the conduct of a most odious and disgusting case, in the whole course of which he has acquitted himself to my entire satisfaction.
The prisoner has been fully committed to Newgate on five separate indictments.

"INFAMOUS CONDUCT OF A SCHOOL-MASTER", Monmouthshire Merlin (2 June 1860), 1 

"WORSHIP-STREET POLICE-COURT, LONDON, FRIDAY", Liverpool Daily Post (4 July 1860), 7

John Spencer, alias John Benedict Spencer, a tall respectable-looking man of 60, described by the police as a Catholic priest, preaching at Liverpool, and lately keeping a scholastic establishment at Hackney, was again brought up, charged with conduct a horrible description towards several his pupils.

Administrations, 1866; Calendar of the grants of probate and letters of administration . . .

SPENCER, The Reverend John Benedict. Effects under £200. 4 December. Letters of Administration of the Personal estate and effects of the Reverend John Benedict Spencer late of Dartmoor in the County of Devon, Clerk, a Bachelor deceased who died 25 April 1864 at Dartmoor aforesaid were granted at the Principal Registry to Isabella Spencer of Powick in the County of Worcester Spinster the Sister and only Next of Kin of the said Deceased she having been first sworn.

ASSOCIATIONS: In the 1861 census, Isabella Spencer, born Liverpool, aged 60, was a member of a convent at Powick; Isabella Spencer, born 24 October 1800, child of Edward and Catherine Spencer, was baptised, 26 October 1800, at St. Mary's Catholic chapel, Liverpool

Bibliography and resources:

[Columbus Fitzpatrick], "REMINISCENCES OF CATHOLICISM IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY", Freeman's Journal (25 November 1865), 741 

. . . [Bishop Polding] was accompanied by several rev. gentlemen, some of whom were fine singers, amongst these were the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who afterwards went home, and the Rev. Mr. Sumner, who was the first priest ordained in these colonies . . .

John Kenny, A history of the commencement and progress of Catholicity in Australia, up to the year 1840 (Sydney: F. Cunninghame, 1886)

J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society journal and proceedings 1 (1901), 40-42 

. . . Father Spencer was a musician and choirmaster . . .

J. P. McGuanne, "Old St. Mary's", Journal and proceedings of the Australian Historical Society 3/4 (1916), 168-69 (DIGITISED)

. . . Could we rebuild old St. Mary's . . . we might revive the night of September 19 1836, made memorable by the introduction of oratorio to Sydney, when "The Creation" and "The Messiah" were produced to provide a fund for the purchase of an organ at a cost of £7OO. This sacred music celebration was originated by Brother Spencer, musician and choirmaster, and Mr. Cavendish had control of this supreme undertaking. Brother Spencer played the seraphine or harmonium then in use for church music . .. The overture to the first part was from "Joseph", the second part opened with the overture to "Zara." Mrs. Chester sang "With Verdure Clad," Miss E. Wallace, "I Know that my Redeemer Liveth," and Mrs. Rust sang brilliantly. Mr. Rhodius, a French singer, sang "He was Despised." Messrs. Gordonvitch and Spencer took other leading parts . . .

See also "ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL BUILDING FUND", Freeman's Journal (18 September 1924), 26 

Mary Shanahan, Out of time, out of place: Henry Gregory and the Benedictine order in colonial Australia (Canberra: ANU Press, 1970), 10, 30-31

Terence Kavenagh, "Polding's monks", Tjurunga (an Australasian Benedictine review) 8 (1974), appendix 1, ii

Spencer, John Benedict. Born at Liverpool. Educated at Ampleforth c. 1817. Clothed at Downside 15 August 1824. Professed 28 November 1825. Ordained in minor orders 10 June 1827. At the Trappist abbey of Du Garde, France, 1831-1833. At Ghent in early 1835. As a sub-deacon journeyed with Polding to Australia in 1835. Ordained deacon and sent as a catechist to Port Macquarie in 1836. Returned to England 1837. Sent once more to Trappist monastery of Du Garde near Charlieu in France, July 1838. Ordained priest December 1839(?). Deprived of all faculties and sacerdotal functions April 1841. Wandered between Downside, Ampleforth, Mt. St. Bernard and London. Living at Carmelite Convent in France 1846. Sent to assist Fr. Wassall at Bonham 1850. Expelled from EBC [English Benedictine Congregation] 7 December 1851. Secularised 1852. Died 25 April 1864.

Terence Kavenagh, "Romanticism and recrimination: the boy postulants at St. Mary's Sydney", Tjurunga (an Australasian Benedictine review) 46 (May 1994), 30-31, note 54

An updated and expanded version of Kavenagh 1974 above

William Bernard Ullathorne (ed. Leo Madigan), The devil is a jackass (Downside: Downside Abbey Publications, 1995), 49, 129 (PREVIEW)

[49] . . . [Downside, 1825] . . . The one who was thus professed became a great trouble, failed under every effort made to save him, and was at last expelled . . . (PREVIEW)

[129]. . . [Sydney, 1835] . . . Knowing that the Bishop had brought with him one person who had been a perpetual failure, the first thing I did when I met him in the harbour was to strive to impress upon him very solemnly the duty of sending that person back on the very first opportunity. After which we had our cordial and affectionate greeting. That person was unfortunately retained for two or three years on one ground or another until he got the Bishop into a good deal of trouble, and was then shipped off. He was the very man against whose profession we young religious had protested in vain. His coming damped my joy in the Bishop's arrival considerably as, in a Colony, every folly and weakness gets to be known everywhere . . .

Desmond Cahill and Peter Wilkinson, Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church: an interpretive review of the literature and public inquiry reports (Melbourne: Centre for Global Research, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, August 2017), 50-51 

The first known case of clerical sexual misconduct against minors in Australia was that committed by a Benedictine deacon, John Bernard Caldwell (1819-1908) . . . In his letter of 21 May 1849 to Very Reverend Bernard Barber O.S.B., the President-General of the English Benedictine community (1842-1850), Polding writes about Caldwell whom he describes as "very musical" . . .
. . . (5 June 1849), Polding writes to his cousin, Fr. Thomas Paulinus Heptonstall . . .: "Poor Caldwell, I fear, will never be fit for the Mission nor indeed is he a desirable person to have with Boys. I was not aware of his Goosiness until the allegations made by the two rendered an examination into the state of our community in some sort necessary. To a great extent he is like Spencer. May we thank God we are not musicians (underlining in the original) (Compton et al. 1996b, [Polding letters vol. 2]) . . .

Colin F. Fowler (ed.), At sea with bishop John Bede Polding: the journals of Lewis Harding, 1835 (Liverpool to Sydney) and 1846 (Sydney to London) (Adelaide: ATF Press, 2019) (PAYWALL)

Colin F. Fowler, "The troubled monastic career of John Benedict Spencer O.S.B. (1803-1864)", FORTHCOMING



Born Scotland, c. 1833
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, November 1857 (per Morning Light, "Mrs. Spiden, 24" [PROV])
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1858
Died Smythesadle, VIC, 30 May 1861, aged 28 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Star (20 August 1858), 3 

THE following unrivalled talented artistes will appear:
MR. MORGAN, the celebrated Basso.
MR. PERCIVAL, Tenor Vocalist
MR. MCDONALD, Scotch Vocalist
MR. JOE MILLER, with his Marionettes
MISS SPIDEN, the pleasing Soprano
MR. WILSON, Comic Irish Vocalist
M. COLI, in his studies from the Antique
MR. WILSON & MISS SUTHERLAND, in their Irish Jig as "Barney and Judy"
PROFESSOR SAMPSON, on the Horizontal Bar
The Celebrated European Band Will play the British Army Quadrilles,
Conductor and Pianist, MR. E. J. PIPER.
Admission: - Reserved seats 2s; unreserved 1s.

"SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL", The Star (15 November 1858), 2 

Locke's Macbeth music has been very successfully performed during the week. Miss Spiden as the 1st Witch, and Mr. Morgan as Hecate, especially distinguishing themselves. There is a desire at this establishment to revive the good old classical music which is now too much neglected, and it is pleasing to see its successful accomplishment, which fact reflects great credit on the company, and Mr. Trevor, the pianist and conductor.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (3 June 1861), 2 

Miss Spiden, long known as a vocalist in the concert rooms of this town, died a few days ago, near Smythesdale, after a brief illness. Her remains were interred on Friday last in the Smythesdale Cemetery.


Professor of music

Born Liebenau, Bohemia, 1841
Active SA, by 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1867, in the 26th year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"EXPORTS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 December 1864), 2

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (23 January 1867), 2

SPIETSCHKA. - On the 21st January, by accidentally falling from his horse on the Bay-road, Mr. William Spietschka, professor of music, a native of Liebinau, Bohemia, in the 26th year of his age. Much regretted by a large circle of friends.

"THE LATE MR. SPIETSCHKA", South Australian Register (23 January 1867), 2

We are informed that Mr. Spietschka, who was about 26 years of age, was born at Liebenau, in Bohemia. His father was owner of a large glass ware manufactory, and died a few years before his son emigrated, leaving a large fortune to be divided among his nine children, one of whom is married to the Chief Secretary of Bohemia. The deceased was educated at the Commercial School, Leipsic. He afterwards held a commission in the Bohemian army, and had been in active service. He had no relations out here, but was in receipt of a good income from Germany. For a short time he was clerk at Messrs. Christen & Co., after which he was engaged in teaching music to a considerable number of pupils. He also became leader of the German Liedertafel about two years ago. Mr. Spietschka had been in the colony nearly five years, and being of an amiable disposition he was much liked by the Germans, who deeply regret his untimely death.

SPILLER, Adoplphus Frederick

Professor of dancing, music instrument tuner and repairer, roller-skate promoter

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1842 (of Irish parentage)
Active Hobart, by 1861 (TROVE public tag)

SPILLER, William Henry

Violinist ("The Australian Paganini")

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Hobart, TAS, 11 August 1926, aged 81 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 July 1865), 1 

DANCING DEPORTEMENT. ADOLPHUS F. SPILLER, (Pupil of Carandini and Campbell.) CLASS ROOMS, 82, COLLINS STEEET. Private Classes for Ladies and Gentlemen every Wednesday evening, from 7 to 10. Private Classes for Gentlemen only, one evening weekly. Private Lessons for Ladies or Gentlemen any hour from 6 to 10 p.m. An Afternoon and Evening Class for Children. Le Imperial, the New Quadrilles, and Stage Dancing taught. Terms- One guinea per quarter, or 9s. per month; two or more of a family, 15a., or 7s. per month. Schools and Families attended.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1866), 8

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Mercury (20 December 1867), 3

"Theatre Royal", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1868), 3

NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (8 April 1868), 2

"OUR MUSIC PAGE", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 2

"2574", The London Gazette (4 August 1874), 3823 

"A NEW WALTZ", The Mercury (12 March 1910), 3 

A few decades back no more familiar name occurred in Tasmanian musical circles than that of Mr. W. H. Spiller, who, as a violinist, took a front rank among his then co-professionals. Not only as an executant did Mr. Spiller shine in the horizon of harmonics, but as a composer he proved himself above the rank and file. That the musician in question is still as enthusiastic in the "divine art" as of yore is demonstrated by the receipt of a copy of a new waltz, written for the piano, entitled "The Chimes," bearing the mark of his authorship . . .

"MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH", The Mercury (12 August 1926), 10

MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH. COLLAPSES WHILE GIVING LESSON. William Spiller, an elderly musician, collapsed and died at his rooms, 97 Collins-street, about 8-30 o'clock last night. He was preparing to give a music lesson when he had a seizure, and died before medical aid could be secured. The matter has been reported to the Coroner, and an inquest will be opened this morning.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (14 August 1926), 1

"A VALUABLE VIOLIN. WHEREABOUTS UNKNOWN", The Mercury (27 November 1929), 8


The whereabouts of a valuable violin is providing a puzzle for the owners of it (says the New Zealand "Herald"). A couple of years ago, Mr. W. H. Spiller, of Wellington, died in Hobart, leaving his estate to his two sons, Messrs. F. and W. Spiller, and to a married daughter, in Christchurch. The estate included several violins reputed to be of considerable value. One of the instruments was deemed locally to be either a Stradivarius or an Amati, which, it true, might have meant that its value would have run into four figures . . .

Musical works:

The Prince Alfred waltz (also Schottische and Galop; and possibly a Galatea Waltz also by Spiller) ([Hobart: Walch, 1868])$002f$002fSD_ILS$002f0$002fSD_ILS:543245/one 

Flying Squadron galop (Hobart Town: J. Walch & Sons, [1869]) 

"The Atalante mazurka", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 17

The chimes waltz ([Hobart: Davies Brothers, 1910] 

SPILLER, Emanuel

Musician, choral conductor, printer

Born St. Panrcas, Chichester, England, c. 1824
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1839 (per Prince Regent)
Died College Town, SA, 4 April 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"OBITUARY. DEATH OF THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER", South Australian Register (9 April 1888), 2 supplement 

The news of the death of Mr. Emanuel Spiller, which took place early on Wednesday morning, will be received with general regret. The deceased, who was 64 years of age, attended the oratorio of "The Redemption" at the Town Hall on Tuesday evening last week. He was taken ill the same night and gradually sank, death being attributed to disease of the heart. Mr. Spiller was a native of St. Pancras, a suburb of Chichester, England, and came out to South Australia in the ship Prince Regent in 1838 with his parents. He was apprenticed in 1840 to the late Robert Thomas and George Stephenson to learn the printing at the office of the Register, where he remained, with the exception of a brief interval, until April 16, 1849, when on the inauguration of the Government Printing Office under Mr. W. C. Cox, he was appointed clerk and proof-reader. He continued in the same capacity until he became second in charge of the Printing Office, and finally on December 1, 1879, on the resignation of Mr. Cox, he was appointed to the office of Government Printer. The deceased always took the deepest interest in the Choral Societies which had been formed in the colony, and was for a considerable period Conductor and latterly Secretary of the old Adelaide Philharmonic Society, of which he was one of the originators. This Society undertook to raise funds towards the purchase of the organ now in the Town Hall. Some hundreds of pounds were obtained, and the organ purchased. The Society, however, ceased to exist early in the present decade, and there was a hiatus of two or three years before the present Philharmonic Society was formed. In earlier days Mr. Spiller was a chorister at the Chichester Cathedral. He was always of an active disposition, and his mode of life and manners won for him the esteem of all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. He leaves a widow, three sons, and two daughters. His eldest son, John, died some time ago. The second, Mr. Liscombe Spiller, is in the Taxation Office, next in position to the Commissioner of Taxes. In his religious views the deceased was a member of the Adelaide Society of the New Church, of which he was a trustee, but for many years he has been an attendant at the Chapel attached to the Collegiate School of St. Peter. During Canon Stanford's tenure of the headmastership of the College Mr. Spiller was leader of the choir. Many of the old boys will remember the great interest which he took in the boarders and the pleasant hours which at different times they spent in his house. Shortly after the present Headmaster was appointed Mr. Spiller resigned his position of leader of the choir but he always continued to be a firm friend of the College. The funeral took place on Friday morning, April 6, at the West-terrace Cemetery, and was largely attended. His remains were removed from the family residence at College Town to All Souls' Church, East Adelaide, where he had been a regular communicant and indefatigable worker as hon. choirmaster. The service was chorally rendered by the choir, and terminated with the specially appropriate hymn "Now the labourer's task is o'er." The incumbent (Rev. R. Kenny) and Archdeacon Farr officiated at the Church and at the grave. The cortége then proceded to the cemetery, the employés of the Government Printing Office forming a long procession in front. Archdeacon Farr read the burial service, and around the grave, besides the mourners, were a large number of Civil servants, the employés in the Government Printing Office, and a considerable circle of friends.

Bibliography and resources:

L. J. Ewens, Prince Regent: The barque Prince Regent, 395 tons, Capt. Evans, London to Port Adelaide, South Australia, June-September 1839; a record of some early South Australian colonists, her passengers (Adelaide: The Prioneers' Association of South Australia, 1960) (DIGITISED)

SPOHR, Henry

Musician, bandsman

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1857


In May 1860, Spohr (listed as musician, aged 22, native of Brunswick) and five colleagues (including Conrad Appel and bandmaster Christian Fredericks) worked was a ship's band for some or all of a voyage on board the Malta between Suez and Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 December 1858), 1

WILLIAM SPOHR, or any person that knows him would greatly oblige his brother by addressing a few lines to Henry Spohr, 186 Crown-street, Sydney.

"MARRIAGES", Empire (12 May 1864), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

SPRAGG, Joseph

Amateur vocalist, comic vocalist, convict

Born London, England, 26 November 1809
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1832 (convict per Asia)
Married Ann BOWEN (c. 1819-1891), Newcastle, NSW, 30 August 1842
Died Newcastle, NSW, 18 October 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"TICKETS OF LEAVE", The Sydney Herald (21 June 1841), 2 

NEWCASTLE. - William Andrews, Guildford; William Hardy, Norfolk; William Kennally, alias Kennedy, Eliza 6; Joseph Spraggs, Asia 9.

"MAITLAND CIRCUIT COURT. CRIMINAL SIDE - TUESDAY, SEPT. 17", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 September 1844), 4 

Joseph Spraggs, who had pleaded guilty to assaulting a female child at Newcastle under eleven years of age, was then placed at the bar, and sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in Newcastle gaol for one year.

John Askew, A voyage to Australia and New Zealand, including a visit to Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Hunter's River, Newcastle, Maitland, and Auckland (London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., 1857), 288-291 and following to 310

. . . Mr. Spragg's next appearance before the public was in the character of a comic singer at a public concert given in the court-house by Mr. Chester. Mrs. Chester was the principal and only female singer. She had been a professional both in London and Sydney. Mr. Chester was a clerk at a store, and had only been a short time in the city. Concerts were rare things in Newcastle; and when the night came, the house was crowded with all the fashion and beauty of the city and neighbourhood. Mr. Spragg, in order to be in full trim for the occasion, had two nights of rehearsal in his own drawing-room. A short time before the concert hour, the kitchen was turned into a green-room. I lent him a long pair of ridge-and-furrow Scotch stockings, which he drew on over white trousers and fastened at the knees with pieces of red ribbon. A loose shooting-jacket was thrown across his shoulders, and a rustic hat well floured, crowned the whole man. As a finishing-stroke, his face was coloured with rouge, and his hair was dusted with whiting. He spent an hour at this evening's toilet. His duty was to shine in the character of a country clown; and before a large glass on the chimney-piece he studied his part so well, that he was "perfect" by the time he was called upon. Mrs. Chester sung several popular songs, accompanied by the piano; Master Sydney Chester, a boy of 14 years, sung several [REDACTED] melodies; Mr. James Hannel sung an Irish song; and then came Mr. Spragg, who sung the "Country Fair." This song elicited a hurricane of applause, which died away in the gruff sounds made by some clever imitator of a braying donkey. The whole of the proceedings passed off so well, that there was another concert on the following week, at which Mr. Spragg appeared in the same character, and Mr. Rogers, grotesquely attired, sung his usual ditty.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Askew (traveller, author, self-identified as "a steerage passenger"); Marian Maria Chester (vocalist); Sydney Chester (vocalist)

NOTE: Askew noted that he had arrived in Newcastle on the last day of 1852 (286), and found accommodation with the storekeeper, and former convict, Spragg, and his wife, until 26 February 1853

"DIED", Northern Times (21 October 1857), 3 

At Newcastle, on Sunday last, 18th instant, after a long and paiuful illness, Mr. Joseph Spragg, storekeeper, leaving a wife and eight children to lament their loss.

"GOD'S ACRE", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (28 July 1887), 6 

. . . The next grave is that of one of apparently aristocratic birth. "Sacred to the memory of Joseph Spragg, who was born on 26th November, 1809, in the parish of St. George's, Hanover Square, London, who departed this life 18th October, 1857, aged 48 years." Then follows a verse, which for brevity stands unsurpassed in the annals of poetry,
Life is uncertain,
Death is sure;
Sin is the wound,
Christ the cure . . .


Tenor vocalist, choral conductor

Born Hamburg, 1811
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (from Hamburg)
Died Melbourne, VIC, April 1873, aged 62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



By early 1862 and until at least late 1868, Sprinckhorn was a chrous member of Lyster's opera company. In April 1863, he sang Rustighello in Lucrezia Borgia in Hobart. He was actively involved in the musical activities of Melbourne's German community, directing the Melbourne Liedertafel from as early as 1858, before reforming the lapsed organisation in 1868, as the Melbourner Deutsche Liedertafel.


[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 April 1863), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 September 1865), 1

"Wochenbericht ans Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (27 November 1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1868), 8

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

"HORSLEY AND KENDALL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (29 August 1870), 7


"DEATHS", The Argus (10 April 1873), 4

[News], The Argus (10 April 1873), 5

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 23

The lite of Johann Sprinckhorn, whose portrait we give elsewhere, affords another instance of the powerful influence music exercises over those who are more than usually susceptible to its charm. Born in Hamburgh in 1811, of parents in comfortable circumstances, young Sprinckhorn received a mercantile training, and developed at the same time the possession of a voice of rich quality, and great aptitude in the practice of music. A prosperous business career, relieved by the practice of his favourite art, was brought to an untoward ending by the great fire in Hamburgh in 1842, and he then commenced the wandering life whose recent close in Melbourne we thus chronicle. The next 13 or 14 years were spent by him in travelling throughout Austria and Hungary as a dealer in flour and grain, but from our recollection of his conversation, when referring to this period of his life, it would seem that the claims of business were only allowed as an unavoidable tax upon time which, might, otherwise be devoted to his favourite pursuit. His instincts led him to join whatever musical association was to be found in that part of the country in which he happened to be, and if there were no such organisation, he was generally instrumental in establishing one. As a member of the Wiener Manner Gesang Verein, and a founder of the Liedertafel in Linz, he was brought in contact with musicians and composers of good repute - men of the stamp of Lachner and Storch, with the latter of whom Herr Sprinckhorn was on terms of intimacy. His reminiscences of these times were of the most varied and interesting description. Of the visitings and junketings between the Liedertafels of distant towns; of romantic processional journeys on the Danube in boats crowded with singers dressed in every variety of fancy costume (it was not all worry and railways in those days); of his meeting Karl Formes in the revolutionary years 1848-9, and of his seeing that eminent basso singer assisting in white kid gloves at the building of a barricade near the St. Stephan Church in Vienna, he had much to tell. Formes, we believe, had to leave Vienna on this account, and went to Hamburgh, from whence he soon went to London with a German opera company. The company was not successful, but Formes's grand talent was recognised at once, and he was induced to join the Royal Italian Opera Company, as primo basso, under Mr. Costa - a position which the musical reader knows he retained with honour for many years. Herr Sprinckhorn's life in Hamburgh also brought him into, acquaintanceship with another celebrity who was destined to make England a second home, and to fill the high place vacated by the retirement of the renowned Giulia Grisi. The young Teresa Tietjens, in her father's beer cellar, at that time unconscious of the honours that awaited her, used to minister to those hungry and thirsty wants which a good night's singing invariably induces in men who, like Herr Sprinckhorn, were of a genial and convivial turn. Such recollections as these, but too numerous to quote here, gave a peculiar interest to the old man's conversation, and were eagerly listened to in the circle in which he was wont to move. His roving disposition led him ultimately to these shores, where, during the last 17 or 18 years, and in connexion with the most varied pursuits, he kept up an intimate connexion with music and musicians. He was the conductor of the Melbourne German Liedertafel as far back as 1858, and also of the Melbourne Turn Verein. The great success of the German festivals which were held in November, 1862, and again in 1863, was mainly due to his practical sense and the large experience of similar scenes acquired in his travels. He was a famous hand at arranging an "Italian night," as our German friends call an open-air entertainment by the Liedertafel, and many of our town readers will recollect the last of these events, which occurred at Brander's Ferry, on the Yarra. On the occasion of the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh to Melbourne the Liedertafel, which had fallen out of practice, was reorganised, and in February, 1868, Herr Sprinckliom was reappointed as musical director of the society, and he fulfilled the duties of that office most efficiently until he died. As a member of Mr. Lyster's opera chorus he made acquaintance with Sydney, Adelaide, and the New Zealand ports. Wherever he went he made friends. His manners were gentle, and his social conduct irreproachable. He was a musician by instinct, and a man of honour because he did not know how to be anything else After 61 years of a chequered, but always blameless life, he has gone to his rest, and his place will know him no more for ever, but he has left behind him the memory of a good man.


SPYER, Lawrence Joseph

Violinist, theatre-band musician, merchant

Born England, c.1807
Active Sydney, NSW, 1829-38
Married Angelina de METZ (1814-1883), Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1835
Died Toorak, VIC, 9 September 1881, aged 74

SPYER, Stephen Joseph (brother of the above)

Amateur violinist, merchant

Born England, 1811
Active NSW, by
Died London, England, 26 January 1878

SPYER, Henry

Musical amateur (committee member Sydney Philharmonic Society)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1850s-60s


At the Sydney concert in September 1829, John Edwards and Spyer played "a duet for 2 violins by Rhode" [sic]. Presumably the merchant Lawrence Joseph Spyer (his brother Stephen Joseph Spyer was not based in Sydney until later), he was strictly an amateur, until his business partnership, Cohen and Spyer, became insolvent in May 1831. In mid-1835 he is mentioned, along with Cavendish and Clarke, as a highly paid theatre musician. Early in 1838 he played in Vincent Wallace's final Sydney oratorio. Spyer was a committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1859.


"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1829), 2

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (29 May 1830), 1

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Monitor (2 February 1831), 4

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2

. . . Mrs. T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw" . . .

"To the editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

"Marriage", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1835), 3 

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 June 1837), 2

"THE ORATORIA", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 2

"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1859), 1 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, The Hon. F. L. S. Merewether; COMMITTEE, J. Black, Mr. T. A. Boesen, E. Deane, J. Dyer; W. McDonell, L. Spyer, L. Rawack, J. Smith, jun., J. G. Waller, C. Younger: Honorary Treasurer: mr. W. H. Aldis. Conductor: Mr. John Deane . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1881), 1

"Reminiscences. FIFTY YEARS AGO . . . [c.1845] (By J. B. M) [John Benson Martin]", Australian Town and Country Journal (26 January 1895), 14

The amusements of the Sydneyites were confined to small family parties; and a few fiddlers found steady employment by hiring out for the evening. Pianos were rarely heard, and Ellard's was the only music shop; but the daily playing of the military bands compensated for the deficiency. Ladies obtained their best music through the officers, and bandsmen earned a good deal by copying it. Mr. Thomas Stubbs, the great auctioneer, Signor Chiodetti, and Mr. Stanley taught among the best families, and for the encouragement of pupils musical parties were held occasionally, at which the brothers Spyer, the merchants, Germans, who were charming amateur violinists, used to assist.

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 845-47


Tenor vocalist (primo tenore, Lyster's company)

Born Bennington, Vermont, USA, 7 May 1825 (son of Buckley Squires and Lucretia Norton)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, July 1868
Married Lucy ESCOTT, May 1870
Died Burlington, Iowa, USA, 14 January 1907

See also his stage partner, from 1870:

Mrs. Henry SQUIRES = Lucy ESCOTT



"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1 (search for exact title)

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, "Henry Squires: an American tenor in Australia", The La Trobe Journal 16 (October 1975):

STAAB, Franz

Pianist, music teacher, composer

Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 September 1871, aged 35



[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 March 1870), 8

[News], The Argus (3 August 1871), 4

The members of the musical profession in Melbourne have resolved to make a charitable effort on behalf of a brother in distress, in the person of Herr Staab, the well-known pianist, who, in consequence of continued illness, has been unable to attend to business, and is now both physically and financially in a very depressed state.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 September 1871), 4

"THE STAAB BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (18 September 1871), 5

. . . Herr Staab's last composition, the Marche de Concert entitled "Germania," was played by fourteen hands, those of the gentlemen above-named and a musical amateur, whose skill was sufficient to warrant his mixing in such company . . .

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (23 September 1871), 4

Herr Staab, a professor of music of some standing in Melbourne, died there on 7th inst. Some idea of his musical talents may he formed from the fact that when the eminent pianist Thalberg was in New York, giving concerts, he selected Herr Staab to play, in conjunction with himself, concert pieces for two pianos, and we have warrant for stating that the opinion entertained by Thalberg of Herr Staab's ability was a very high one.

Musical Works (USA):

Banner of the free (1856) 

The Chicago skating polka (1862) 

STABEMANN, Mr. (? probably recte STAAB, as above)

Teacher of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1866


"WESLEY COLLEGE", The Telegraph (29 December 1866), 3

STACE, Robert A. (? Robert Austin STACE)

Vocal instructor, schoolmaster

Active Brisbane, Moreton Bay district, NSW (QLD), by 1850
? Died Sydney, NSW, August 1902, aged 85


In Brisbane in July 1850, the Church of England schoolmaster, Robert Stace offered "OPEN SELECT ADULT CLASSES, for instruction in VOCAL MUSIC". In May 1851 he was unanimously elected "musical conductor" of the Moreton Bay Amateur Musical Society, of which W. A. Duncan was president.


[Unclaimed letters], The Moreton Bay Courier (12 May 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (6 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 July 1850), 1

EVENING MUSIC CLASSES; MR. STACE respectfully informs the residents of Brisbane and its vicinity, that be intends shortly to OPEN SELECT ADULT CLASSES, for instruction in VOCAL MUSIC, on a well tried and approved method, one by which the study is rendered extremely interesting, and the rapid progress of the pupil certain. For particulars, apply to Mr. Stace, at the School-house, North Brisbane.

"MORETON BAY AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (24 May 1851), 2

A GENERAL MEETING of the MEMBERS and SUBSCRIBERS to the above Society will be-held THIS EVENING, the 22nd inst., in the Lower Room, Court House, for the purpose of electing Officers, receiving entrance fees, and enrolling the names of persons wishing to join the Society. W. A. DUNCAN, Chairman. R. A. STACE, Brisbane, May 22,1851. Hon. Secretary.

"Death of Mr. R. A. Stace", Wellington Times (1 September 1902), 2 

STAFF, Charles

Musicseller, music instrument dealer, accordeon and concertina maker

Born Norwich, 16 October 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Died Moreland, VIC, 29 June 1888, in his 67th year


STAFF, Isabel (Mrs. Daniel HOWITZ)

Soprano vocalist

Born Wigan, England, c.1851
Departed Melbourne, 11 February 1881 (per Sobraon)


UK 1861 census

Charles, accordion maker, Liverpool, wife Esther . . . daughter Isabel aged 10 born Wigan Lancs. . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 September 1863), 7

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (3 August 1864), 6

Charles Staff, of Melbourne, musical instrument and ornamental wax-flower dealer. Causes of insolvency: Continued sickness in family, unremunerative employment, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities £446.2s.4d.; Assets, £28; deficiency, £418. 2s. 4d.


"MELBOURNE", Mount Alexander Mail (2 August 1869), 2 

. . . A visit to Mr. Staff's music shop to-day was one of much pleasure, as it gave me the opportunity of hearing some excellent music from one of the "model harmoniums" recently imported by that gentleman. These elegant instruments are fitted up with with barrels each with pieces of music on them. They can be changed at pleasure, each instrument being provided with four . . . The instrument is the invention of M. Bussom, of Paris . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (9 September 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1870), 8

"THE MESSIAH", The Argus (26 September 1870), 6

. . . For solo singers we had Mrs. Cutter, Mrs. D. Howitz (formerly Miss Staff), Mr. Exon, and Mr. Angus . . . The pure soprano tones of Mrs. Howitz's young voice fell very gratefully upon the ear, and great applause greeted the following pieces sung by that lady, namely "Rejoice greatly" (this piece was not named in the programme), and "Come unto Him all ye that labour";" but her most successful effort was the air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth", for which the singer was also honoured with a recall. When Mrs. Howitz's declamatory powers shall be equal to the purity of her voice, she will be still more valuable in oratorio than she is even now.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1872), 8

"TOWN HALL RECITALS. TO THE EDITOR", The Age (24 August 1875), 3 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 June 1876), 1

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 August 1880), 6

"MRS. HOWITZ'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (7 February 1881), 6

"The Theatres", The Australian Sketcher (26 February 1881), 74

"Deaths", The Argus (30 June 1888), 1

STAFF. - On the 29th inst., at the residence of his son, Ferngrove, Blair-street, Moreland, Charles Staff, in his 67th year, late of the Royal Arcade.

Associations: (Isabel) pupil of David Lee

STAFF, Eliza Sophia

School teacher, musician, organist, artist

Born Parramatta, NSW, 16 January 1831; daughter of John Foreman STAFF
Died Parramatta, NSW, 10 May 1854, in her 23rd year (NLA persistent identifier)


"NEEDLEWORK", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1846), 2

"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1848), 1

"VESTRY MEEETING of All Saints Church in the Parish of Marsfield, Parramatta", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1854), 5

. . . The Parishioners deserve much credit for having placed a powerful and splendid toned organ in the church. The value is somewhere about £200; it was opened on Sunday last by a celebrated performer, Mr. C. Packer, who has been appointed organist, to succeed Miss Staff, who resigned on account of ill health.

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1854), 8 

CHURCH MUSIC - Clergymen and other persons interested in the solemn services of churches are hereby informed that the undersigned has for sale, by private contract, two excellent instruments, well adapted for churches. One is a powerful seraphine by Nott; and the other a symphonium orchestrion. The above are sufficiently powerful for any of the ordinary sized places of worship, and will be sold reasonable, by applying to J. F. STAFF, Parramatta.

Bibliography and resources:

"Eliza Staff", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Eliza Staff  


Succeeded as organist (All Saints, Marsfield) by Charles Sandys Packer 


Leader of the band (Theatre Royal, Geelong)

Born c. 1808
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1842
Died Geelong, VIC, 9 August 1887, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Born c. 1837
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1847
Died Camberwell, VIC, 26 May 1905, in his 69th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (18 June 1842), 3 

. . . SIR, - We, the members of the Amateur Theatre . . . Yours &c. &c., George Buckingham, John Davies, James Southall, William John Miller, Richard Smith, James Warman, H. S. Avins, Robert Stainsby, Richard Capper, Joseph Harper . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (14 January 1843), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . ON MONDAY EVENING, January 16th, will be performed for the first time in this province, with new Music, Dresses, Scenery, and Decorations, the Magnificent Spectacle, entitled ALL FOR LOVE; OR, THE LOST PLEIAD . . . The Music by Mr. Stainsby; the Dresses by Mr. Brock and assistants; the Scenery by Mr. Lightwood . . . the Machinery by Messrs. Capper and Benham; the Monsters by Mr. Grey; the whole produced under the superintendence of Mr. Buckingham . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (18 December 1847), 3 

GRAND CONCERT . . . MR. MEGSON . . . WEDNESDAY NEXT, December 22nd, in THE QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . Solo - Violin, (the Gamut with variations) . . . PART II . . . Master Stainsby, nine years of age (pupil of Mr. Megson.) . . .

"NARROW ESCAPE", Geelong Advertiser (24 January 1851), 2 

On Tuesday afternoon as several young lads were amusing themselves at play, on the jetty, opposite the Custom House, one of them named Stainsby, son of the musician of that name, in Malop-street, fell into the sea, and but for the opportune arrival of a young man, would have met a watery grave. The lad was rescued with some trouble from his perilous position.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (23 March 1863), 4 

TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY. SOBER CONCERTS FOR THE PEOPLE . . . PIANIST - Mr. W. D. GOODALL. Orchestra - Messrs. Stoneham, Andrews, Stainsby, and Best . . .

"GEELONG EAST ELECTION. TO THE EDITOR", Geelong Advertiser (2 March 1871), 3 

. . . In 1851, 8th February (Black Thursday), when the Barrabool farmers were burnt out, Mr. J. P. Smith and I gave a concert, assisted by Mrs. Testar, Stainsby, Mr. Elmes generously lighting up and giving his theatre gratis in aid of the sufferers, and netted £47 for their benefit . . . Yours, G. T. LLOYD.

"HAMILTON POLICE COURT", Hamilton Spectator (31 August 1882), 3 

. . . James Stainsby deposed: I am a music teacher residing at Geelong. In August, 1880, I lived near Wickliffe. On the 16th of that month I was assisting Mr. Williamson to muster sheep on his selection near Wickliffe. I noticed a dark object on the ground, and on riding up, discovered it to be the dead body of a man. The body was lying on its face . . .

"OLD TOWN BANDS", The Herald (23 June 1883), 3 

. . . A second and more select band was organised in 1841, of which the Messrs. Middlemiss, Mr. Stainsby and Mr. Roberts of a well-known firm Roberts and Fergusson were members, but though less eventful than Tickle's, it came to an end by the removal of members to the country and other causes . . .


Teacher of the piano

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1857), 6 

INSTRUCTION on the PIANO, for advanced Pupils in particular, by Mr. Stakemann. Address Post Office, Molbourne. Residence, at Mr. Greig's, Prahran-street, Murphy's Paddock, South Yarra.



Active Melbourne, VIC, c. 1859


David Stanhope, of Melbourne, otherwise unknown, is credited with having written the music, and James Grassie (d. 1898) the English words, of the Indigenous-based song Black-eyed Zitella sat weeping alone; the words only survive.


"BLACK EYED ZITELLA SAT WEEPING ALONE", Geelong Advertiser (15 March 1859), 3 

(Words by James Grassie. Set to Music by David Stanhope, Melbourne.)

Black eyed Zitella, sat weeping alone,
Her love had departed, her brothers were gone,
The last of the race of Wimmeira was she,
And the Queen of a tribe once happy and free;
Now homeless and frieidleaa on Talbot's grey stone,
Black eyed Zitella sat weeping-alone . . . [4 more stanzas]

George Thomas Lloyd, Thirty-three years in Tasmania and Victoria (London: Houlston and Wright, 1862), 463-64 

Richard Sadlier, The Aborigines of Australia (Sydney: Thomas Richards, government printer, 1883), 44 


Professor of the harp and pianoforte

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 February 1840), 1 

TUITION - Mrs. Stanley, Professor ot tue Harp and Pianoforte, respectfully begs to inform the public, that she gives instructions on these instruments at home and abroad. Terms may be known by applying to Mrs. Stanley, at Mr. Wilson's, Artist, Morgan's Buildings, Kent-street North, or to Mr. Ellard, George-street. Schools attended.


Vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 13 November 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1858 (from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 September 1859 (per Ocean Rover, for Calcutta)
Died London, England, 11 December 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ATLANTIC THEATRICALS", The Argus (7 November 1856), 5

"STAMMERS v. HUGHES and STANLEY", Reports of cases argued and determined in the English courts of common law [1856] (Philadelphia: T. & J. W. Johnson, 1857), 527

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (20 April 1858), 3

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (30 August 1858), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 November 1858), 1

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 December 1858), 2

"CLEARANCES", Empire (30 September 1859), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1860), 3

"DEATH OF EMMA STANLEY", Launceston Examiner (19 April 1882), 1s

We announced a little time back the death of this actress who, it will be remembered, visited Launceston some years ago, and the following further particulars taken from the London Era will be found interesting: - Emma Stanley died on December 11, at her residence at Bayswater, at the good old age of 63 years . . . Devoting herself to the study of music and languages, in which great proficiency was ultimately attained, Miss Emma Stanley gave in 1850, at the Hanover square Rooms an entertainment after the style of the celebrated John Parry, in which her instrumental talent was shown on six different instruments, and songs were rendered in French, German, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Russian. A much more successful experiment was made a few years later, when Mr. E. L. Blanchard wrote for her the monologue entertainment called "The Seven Ages of Woman," introducing thirty-seven different changes of character and costume, and calling into requisition all her dramatic, lingual, and musical acquirements. This was first produced at St. Martin's Hall, Long-acre, in December, 1855, and was at once recognised as a success to be identified with the most wonderful feminine achievements on record. With this entertainment Miss Emma Stanley went in the autumn of the succeeding year to America, and thence to Australia, India, New Zealand, and the Sandwich Islands; returning four years afterwards to England, and reappearing in London, with her famous "Seven Ages of Woman" at the Egyptian Hall, October 22nd, 1860. A provincial tour followed; but soon after the death of her mother, who had been the companion of her adventurous travels through "distant lands," Miss Emma Stanley retired from public life.

Australian tour prints: 

Willie, we have missed you ("written and composed by Stephen C. Foster; Favorite ballad, sung by Miss Emma Stanley in her entertainment of the Seven ages of woman") (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1859]) 

Willie we have missed you ("written and composed by Stephen C. Foster, the popular ballad sung by Miss Emma Stanley in her musical entertainments") (Sydney: W. J. Johnson & Co., and Lewis Moss, [1859]) 

Niminy pym polka ("composed by J. B. Wheaton; Respectfully dedicated to Miss Emma Stanley") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) 

An American, J. B. Wheaton was Stanley's pianist and conductor on her Australian tour.

My ain dear Nell (a new Scottish ballad written and composed by A. Hume. "Sung by Miss Emma Stanley & Mrs. Hancock" (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1860])

Bibliography and resources:

"Fleming, Miss", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), 19, 271,_Miss_(DNB00)

STANLEY, John George

Amateur musician, violinist, brass band player, drover, memorist

Born UK, c.1834
Active Bathurst, NSW, by c.1853
Died Bathurst, NSW, 22 November 1913, aged 79


"UP AND DOWNS OF LIFE (By J. STANLEY)", National Advocate (14 June 1913), 7 

Sydney entrepreneurs and others give Bathurst a bad name for not appreciating their scraggy Squalini's and raspy-voiced, worn-out tenors when they visit us on a professional tour. No wonder we want something better. We breed tenors and sopranos, and also successful performers on variety and dramatic lines. I have a list of forty-three local people, who are or were connected with the show business. First I will mention Kate Rooney of the glorious voice, almost equal to the renowned Melba, I was one of a seven-pound house to hear Mrs. Armstrong as she was when she paid her first visit to Bathurst. When she came again the house reached £206 with the same voice, but more experience. A few days ago another local star returned from England after a very successful visit. I mean Miss Olive Godwin, born at Bunnamagoo, near Rockley. I knew her father, Charlie Godwin, who was overseer for the late Tom Pye, and reared his family on Campbell's River. She rejoins the Williamson Opera Companies. From Rockley came Tom Bird, circus performer, rider, vaulter, acrobat; every turn he could take on at will . . . Tom Bird went into partnership and formed Taylor and Bird's circus. I first knew Taylor in Burton's circus. He was a capital ring-master and ground juggler in every branch. He was a prominent Mason, high up in the fraternity, and the last I heard of him was that he had joined the Salvation Army, and was a consistent and conscientious member of that community. Another celebrity was a man from Rockley, who frequented the Haymarket and Brickfield Hill in Sydney. He had six toes on each foot and always went bare footed. He was the brother of a sporting publican in Bathurst who did very little to help his afflicted relative. Our own George MacDougal had the voice of an angel, alto as well as tenor, and I have heard him sing "Please Give Me a Penny" in C, which I never knew to be done, but by Rockfellow in Hussey's Minstrels; William Morgan, of Kelso, solicitor, had a beautiful tenor voice. Tom Hellyer, several times Mayor of Bathurst, was a fine baritone. Baker, "The Bard of Erin," was unequalled in Tom Moore's songs. Miss Fernandez (stage name), a native of Hill End, or rather Tambaroora, the niece of a well-known Bathurst citizen and official, was equally good with voice or mandolin. Annetta Bodin, singer and dancer, and a great favorite at the Tivoli, was born on the spot where "the Grand bar" now stands at the corner of William and Russell streets; she is now the wife of Frank York, comedian and corner man in minstrel troupes. Wallace, corner man of Clay's and other companies, is a Bathurst native. Tom Fanning, father of Charlie and Maude, a very fine violinist, was located here for years. I played second violin to him at the Governor's ball, held at what is now, the Club-House Hotel. The Wirth boys came from Wattle Flat. Wirth senior, with his boys band, took Busche's bass player from Bathurst and toured Queensland, striking Rockhampton at a land sale; the father, Johannes Wirth, picked up several allotments of land at nominal prices which afterwards were sold for fabulous amounts, and which I presume produced the capital to start Wirths' celebrated circus. The Fitzgerald boys were reared at the White Rock up the river. Dan was a saddler at Paul's. Jack and Tom were compositors at the "Times." The father afterwards kept the hotel now in the hands of Mr. Curran of George street. In Busche's band I was playing E flat trumpet, and one night Johannes Wirth stood behind me and found fault with my music score. I let him alter it and he greatly improved it. He was a slide trombone player and could play a hornpipe on that difficult instrument, and was the best I ever heard except Duprez, a colored player in the real Georgia Minstrels. The three Cooke brothers formed the "Iron Clad" Minstrels. One was a plasterer and lived in William-street below Willman's. The three Chittendens, father and two sons, played in the "Court Minstrels." They lived in Koppel-street and hung the first peal of bells in All Saints'. Whitmore, the solo cornet of the Artillery Band in Sydney, is a Bathurst boy from the corner of George and Howick streets. Dazzy Martin, baritone, is singing around Sydney suburbs. Tom Lunn sings in a North Sydney choir. Charlie Naylor could sing baritone or tenor; Swayne was a fine bass, and we have another still in Kenny. The two Kennas have splendid voices, one still with Williamson's Opera Companies; the other too much engaged in coining money at the Grand to sing now. Miss Polly Kenna was one of the best pianists I have ever heard outside the profession. Then the Buckingham family; playing under various names - one Jimmy Herman as violinist and alto singer, the father as Reeves the 'cellist. I forget the brother's name. A sister, wife of Mr. Baldwin, Hunter River squatter. Jimmy Herman, a very successful teacher of the violin in Sydney, has put his savings into several terraces of houses in good localities. One of the Palmer girls married Ashton of the circus, another married Jimmy Armstrong, circus clown. Their half brothers were John and W. Hurley, both M's.L.A., as I was listening to the German Band in George-St. Sydney, one day, the big drummer came and spoke to me and told me he had been cook at our Court House Hotel for a long time. He was a nephew of Spohr, the celebrated violin player and author of several musical works. The band master, Herr Appell, gave me some very fine dance music. When I saw him last he was playing in an American circus in Bourke-street, near Moore Park, Sydney. Among our ladies, Kate Coffey had a beautiful voice and was a wonder. The Stephens girls and Miss Mason were equal to any Colonial opera singers. Miss Hazeltine, from Mudgee, had a beautiful voice and a very taking style. Miss Martin was a rider in Jones's Circus. Mrs. Franklyn, of Peel-street, was an acrobat in La Rosiere's Circus. Madge Hope, the beautiful and emotional actress, was born in Howick-stret, at the Club House. I think I have said enough to show that from the success of our local talent we are quite capable of judging what is up to the mark or not in the class of performers the Sydney people try to foist on to us.

"Personal", National Advocate (24 November 1913), 2 

Mr. John G. Stanley, an old and respected resident of Bathurst, died on Saturday at the age of 70 years. The deceased had been ailing for some time. An interesting narrative of his career will appear in to-morrow's issue

"LATE MR. STANLEY", National Advocate (25 November 1913), 2 

STANLEY, John Millwood (John Millwood STANLEY; J. M. STANLEY)

Pianoforte maker, repairer, and tuner (formerly of Charles Cadby's, London)

Born Essex, England, 1833
Arrived Tasmania, 1856
Died Hobart, TAS, 17 September 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 January 1858), 1 

Pianoforte Tuning and Repairing.
J. M. STANLEY, from the House of C. Cadby, London, Pianoforte, Seraphines, Harmoniums, and all other kinds of Musical Instruments Tuned and Repaired, with punctuality and despatch.
Terms. Single Tuning in Town, 5s. Annual tuning, six times per year, £1 1s.
The Country districts regularly visited every two months.
All orders and communications to be addressed to Mr. Stanley, 112 Murray-street, Hobart Town.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 March 1865), 1 

STANLEY, From C. Cadby's AND WINTER, From Kirkman's, LONDON, "PIANOFORTE MAKERS." STANLEY & WINTER BEG to inform the musical public of Tasmania that, having purchased the whole of the manufacturing plant belonging to the late Mr. John Williams, they are prepared to execute orders for the manufacture, repair, tuning, and regulating of all kinds of musical instruments. Orders received by Mrs. Williams, Liverpool-street; and at the manufactory, Elizabeth-street, opposite Burn's Auction Mart.

[News], The Mercury (18 September 1885), 2 

John Millwood Stanley, who expired at his residence in Upper Murray-street yesterday morning, from an attack of bronchitis. Mr. Stanley was bom in Essex in the year 1833, being the only, son of Dr. J. M. Stanley. He was apprenticed to the pianoforte trade, serving his time with Messrs. Cadby and Moore, of London. In 1856, whilst still a young man, he came to this colony and followed the same business, being for, some years a partner of Mr. R. G. Winter, of Elizabeth-street. Latterly he has been by himself, and has confined his attention to the tuning branch of the business, in which he was universally acknowledged to have no superior in the colony. He was one of the, first to join the old Volunteer Artillery Force, and for years filled the position of drum major of the Artillery band, and he was also an enthusiastic amateur cottage gardener, one of his principal delights being the garden of his residence, where he reared the choicest of flowers. Mr. Stanley leaves a widow, five sons, and seven daughters to mourn their loss.

STANLEY, William (1820-1902)

Go to main page: 

STAPLETON, Joseph William

Pianoforte Maker, tuner, repairer, regulator

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 27 June 1821 (convict per Lady Ridley, from England 4 January)
Active VDL (TAS), 1822-27


Found guilty of forgery and sentenced to death on 28 June 1820, aged 23, Stapleton was eventually transported for life in 1821, and awarded a free pardon in 1843. From 1822 until 1827 he advertised regularly in the Hobart press as a piano maker, tuner, and repairer, making him, apart from military bandsmen, one of the very first musical professionals on record working in Tasmania. One of his advertisements was reproduced in the press in 1897, with the explanation: "This advertisement in itself will be an education to those among us who proudly assert there was not a piano in Tasmania 50 years ago":

Music. - J. W. Stapleton, pianoforte maker, grateful for past favours, begs to acquaint the gentry of Tasmania that he still continues to clean, regulate, and repair the grand, square, and cabinet pianofortes at his residence, near the Post-office; and trusts from his experience, both in London and parts, to give that satisfaction which alone will ensure a continuance of their favours. J.W.S. respectfully recommends to the gentry the cleaning and regulating their pianofortes at least every six months, as that tends to improve the sound of the instrument. Violins, etc., repaired.


JOSEPH WILLIAM STAPLETON, Royal Offences / coining offences, 28th June 1820; Old Bailey On line

Convict records, Joseph William Stapleton; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1437150; CON31/1/38,370,113,F,60 

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 July 1822), 1

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (30 September 1826), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 September 1827), 1

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE . . . Memoranda of Free Pardon", Colonial Times (3 October 1843), 4


Bibliography and resource:



Active Richmond, VIC, 1856


"ST. STEPHEN'S CHURCH, RICHMOND", The Age (15 September 1856), 2 supplement 

On Friday evening about two hundred persons sat down to a most sumptuous tea provided in the Boys' School Room, Richmond, in honor of the presentation of a well deserved testimonial from the parishioners to the ladies of the choir . . . Members of the Choir: - Joseph Griffiths, leader; D. P. Starling, organist; Martha Perks. During the evening several pieces of music were sung under the direction of Mr. Joseph Griffiths (leader of the Philharmonic Society), in whose able hands the Richmond Church Choir has gained its present efficiency.

STATES, Agatha (Madame)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, 15 December 1871 (per Nevada, from California)
Departed Sydney, October 1872 (for New Zealand)
Died New York, 2 September 1874



"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

"MADAME STATES' FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1871), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1872), 6

"GENERAL NEWS", Empire (16 October 1874), 3


Toured with Paolo Giorza and Pietro Cecchi

STATHAM, Edwyn Henry (Edwyn Henry STATHAM; E. H. STATHAM)

Printer, publisher, journalist

Born Shoreditch, London, England, 20 April 1811; son of Edwyn STATHAM (c. 1785-1855) and Sophia HALL (c. 1789-1854)
Active Sydney, NSW, by November 1835
Married Elizabeth COX (alias SNAPE) (c. 1816-1864), St. John's church, Parramatta, NSW, 1838
Died North Rocks, NSW, 17 January 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Forster (business partner, printer)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dr. Williams's Library. registry of non-confomists' birth certificates, 1812-17, page 116; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

[No.] 1386 / Edwyn Henry Statham, haberdasher's Street, Hoxton, Par. of Shoreditch . . . Reg'd Oct'r 26th, 1813 . . .
[Son of] Edwyn Statham, 7amp; Sophia, daughter of Hugh Victor Hall / . . . [born] 20th April 1811

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (25 November 1835), 1 

LETTERPRESS PRINTING. E. H. STATHAM begs to inform his friends and the public, that he has commenced the business of LETTERPRESS PRINTING, in all its branches, at the Office of The Sydney Monitor, No. 39 YORK-STREET, where orders will be received and executed on the lowest terms, in the best manner, and with the greatest punctuality and dispatch . . .

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. John, Parramatta . . . in the year 1838; register, 1834-38, page 51; St. John's Anglican Church, Parramatta. (PAYWALL)

No. 203 / Edwyn henry Statham of the Parish of St. James,
Elizabeth Cox (alias Snape) of this Parish / were married in this Church by License this [29 August 1838] . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1846), 1 

Part I - Price, 5s., in Royal Quarto.
THE First, Second, and Third of a Series of Lectures on the
Giving an historical account of the origin, rise, and, progress of the Science, from the earlest period up to the present time, with 'Progressive Exercises for improvement on the Pianoforte, Harmony, Modulation, and for the cultivation of the Human Voice, from the first rudiments to the most refined and elaborate details of a perfect mastery of the art: forming a work of instruction for the pupil, and a work of reference for the master.

"COUNTRY NEWS . . . PARRAMATTA. MONDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1887), 8 

Mr. Edwyn Henry Statham, a very old resident of the district, died to-day, at his residence, North Rocks, aged 76-years. The deceased, who had been totally blind for several years, was at one time superintendent of the Parramatta Hospital for the Insane, and was connected with journalistic pursuits in the early days of the colony.

"Mr. E. H. Statham", The Cumberland Mercury (29 January 1887), 8 

Musical prints:

The first, second, and third of a series of lectures on the theory and practice of music, delivered at the Sydney College, New South Wales, giving an historical account of the origin, rise, and progress of the science, from the earliest period up to the present time, with progressive exercises for improvement on the piano-forte, harmony, and modulation; and for the cultivation of the human voice, from the first rudiments to the most refined and elaborate details of a perfect mastery of the art: forming a work of instruction for the pupil, and a work of reference for the master, by I. Nathan, musical historian and theorist to his late reverend majesty, George IV., professor of singing and composer to her late royal highness, the princess Charlotte of Wales, author of the "Hebrew Melodies," the "Musurgia Vocalis," &c. (Sydney: W. Ford; London: Cramer, Addison & Beale, 1846); on verso of titlepage: "Sydney: STATHAM AND FORSTER, PRINTERS, 575, GEORGE-STREET." (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

STEELE, Samuel


Active West Maitland, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (8 April 1858), 2 

MR. STEELE begs to intimate to the Public of Maitland and its vicinity that his VOCAL MUSIC CLASSES assemble on FRIDAY EVENING in the High School, Free Church-street.
Terms - One Shilling per Month. As a new Class will be formed on FRIDAY, the 9th instant.
Mr. S. would recommend those wishing to join to be present on the above evening.

"STEELE V. ANDERSON", The Maitland Mercury (22 March 1859), 2

In this action. Samuel Steele was plaintiff, and Joshua Anderson was defendant. The declaration stated that the defendant had falsely and maliciously published against the plaintiff certain words, namely, that he was living in open adultery with another man's wife, and that he was keeping a woman, whereby the plaintiff lost his situation as precentor to the Free Presbyterian Church at West Maitland.

STEINMEYER, Marie Catherina Margretta (Mrs. Gustave Adolph STEINMEYER; Madame STEINMEYER[ Margaret STEINMEYER)


Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1858
Died Kyneton, VIC, 18 January 1897, aged 64 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (13 December 1858), 5 

. . . The same evening [Saturday, 11 December] Herr Schluter, one of the most serviceable members of the late operatic company, gave a concert of miscellaneous music at Hockin's Hotel, in which he was gratuitously assisted by Miss Ostavia Hamilton, Madame Leon Naej, Madame Steinmeyer, Mons. Laglaise, and Signor Grossi. Mr. L. H. Lavenu conducted. The programme was short, but well selected, and its length was nearly doubled by encores. The audience was miserably small, a circumstance which must be attributed to the inadequate means taken to make the entertainment public. The chief features ot the evening were the debut of Miss Hamilton in the contralto parts of "II Trovatore," which she managed admirably; Madame Naej's brilliant execution in a duett in "La Figlia," with Herr Schluter; and the debut of Madame Steinmeyer in German songs.

"Funeral Notices", The Kyneton Observer (19 January 1897), 3 

Friends of the late Mrs. MARIE CATHERINA MARGRETTA STEINMEYER are respectfully invited to follow her remains to the place of interment, the Kyneton Cemetery. Tbe Funeral is appointed to leave the residence of her husband, Mr G. A. Steinmeyer, Mollison street, Kyneton, at Three o'clock TO-MORROW afternoon, P. H. BROMLEY, Undertaker, Market Street, Kyneton.

STENNER, Mr. G. (? George STENNER)

Organist, choirmaster (Macquarie Street Unitarian Chapel


Soprano vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s


"RELIEF FUND", Empire (13 July 1864), 4 

On Monday evening a literary and musical entertainment, in aid of the fund for the relief of the sufferers by the late disastrous floods, was given in the Temperance Hall, Pitt-street, by the choir and several members and friends of the Unitarian Church, Macquarie-street . . . The musical part of the evening's entertainment was under the management of Mr. G. Stenner, organist of the Macquarie-street chapel, and the various pieces were very tastefully and effectively sung by the members of the choir, assisted by several friends belonging to the musical societies in this city. Two pieces especially, "Bid me discourse," sung by Miss Stenner, and "Lilly Bells," sung by Miss Barnes, were greatly admired, and called forth unanimous encores . . .


Amateur musician, musical patron

Born St. Kitts, 20 August 1802
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 24 January 1825 (passenger on the Cumberland)
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 October 1894 (NLA persistent identifier)

Alfred Stephen 1839 aet 37 (attributed to Thomas Wainewright) (SL-TAS)

Image: Alfred Stephen 1839 AET 37 Hobart Town Van Dieman's [sic] Land, attributed to Thomas Griffiths Wainewright$init=AUTAS001124067729w800 (DIGITISED)

STEPHEN, Virginia (CONSETT; Mrs. Alfred STEPHEN)

Musical patron

Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 23 January 1837

STEPHEN, Eleanor Martha Pickard (BEDFORD; Mrs. Alfred STEPHEN; "Lady STEPHEN")

Musical patron, dedicatee

Born 1810
Married Alfred STEPHEN, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 21 July 1838
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1886


Stephen returned to England on a visit from mid 1832, in time to witness "Paganini on his unearthly violin", the only time and place he could have done so, clearly not during his student days, though his acquaintance with Robert Lindley's cello playing may well date from the early 1820s. Stephen almost certainly met William Vincent Wallace in Hobart late in 1835, but since he did not move from Hobart to Sydney until after Wallace left Australia in February 1838, the recollections (1872, 1927) of his children learning from Wallace are probably incorrect; rather more likely from Spencer senior (like Alfred Cox) and/or from Spencer junior.

Eleanor Stephen was dedicatee of several musical works, as "Mrs. Stephens" [sic] of the No. 11 of Francis Ellard's National country dances for 1843, and as Lady Stephen, of George Peck and Henry Kendall's song Silent tears (1859), and Edward Boulanger's Nocturne de concert (1856).


Letter, Charles Darwin (Hobart, 14 February 1836), to Catherine Darwin (from Barlow 1945, 135-36) (modern edition online)

. . . All on board like this place better than Sydney - the uncultivated parts here have the same aspect as there; but from the climate being damper, the Gardens, full of luxuriant vegetables, & fine corn fields, delightfully resemble England.

To a person not particularly attached to any particular kind, (such as literary, scientific &c.) of society, & bringing out his family, it is a most admirable place of emigration. With care & a very small capital, he is sure soon to gain a competence, & may if he likes, die Wealthy. - No doubt in New S. Wales, a man will sooner be possessed of an income of thousands per annum. But I do not think he would be a gainer in comfort. There is a better class of Society. Here there are no Convicts driving in their carriages, & revelling in Wealth. - Really the system of emigration is excellent for poor Gentlemen. You would be astonished to know what pleasant society there is here. I dined yesterday at the Attorneys General, where, amongst a small party of his most intimate friends, he got up an excellent concert of first rate Italian Music. The house large, beautifully furnished; dinner most elegant, with respectable! (although of course all Convicts) Servants. - A short time before, they gave a fancy Ball, at which 113 people were present. - At another very pleasant house, where I dined, they told me, at their last dancing party, 96 was the number . . .


Whilst in Sydney, Wallace gave instruction on the pianoforte, in families of the highest distinction, who were anxious to avail themselves of his talents, amongst them were the ladies of Sir Alfred Stephen's family, Judge Josephson, Lady Mitchell, the sister of Sir William Macarthur, Lady Parker, and many others.

Stephen 1891, quoted in Rutledge, ADB

Paganini on his unearthly violin, and Lindley on the violincello, were a delight to me.

"VINCENT WALLACE STATUE. Composer's Adventures. Years in Early Australia", The Argus (24 February 1927), 11

In New South Wales Wallace composed the greater part of Maritana. He was tutor for a time to the families of Sir Alfred Stephen and Judge Josephson.

Bibliography and resources:

Nora Barlow (ed.), Charles Darwin and the voyage of the Beagle (London: Pilot Press, 1945), at Darwin online

Martha Rutledge, "Stephen, Alfred (1802-1894)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1979)

"Stephen, Virginia (1803-1837)", Obituaries Australia 

"Stephen, Lady Eleanor Martha (1810-1886)", Obituaries Australia 


Alfred Stephen, Jottings from memory: first portion, 1802 to 1818, birth and school boy days; with some account of his people, and life in the West Indies; second portion 1818 to 1824: student-days and call to the bar by an Australian great grandfather (Sydney: [for the author], 1888, 1891)


Music class leader

Active Newtown, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1859), 10

THE NEWTOWN SINGING CLASS, conducted by Mr. J. H. STEPHENS, meets every TUESDAY, at half-past seven in the evening, at the Baptist Chapel, Missenden Road, Newtown, for the practice of devotional psalmody. Any persons wishing to become members may do so on application to the secretary, EDWARD SANDERS.


Bandsman (Band of H.M.S. Galatea)

Active Australia, 1869


"DESERTERS FROM H.M.S.S. GALATEA", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 March 1869), 2

There have been several desertions, it appears, from H.M.S.S. Galatea. On the 25th and 26th ult., as we learn from the Victoria Police Gazette, there were six deserters [including] Thos. Stephens, bandsman, aged twenty-six, 5ft. 8in. high, black hair, grey eyes.

STEPHENS, William Henry (Mr. W. H. STEPHENS)

Comedian, actor, comic singer, buffo singer

Active Sydney, NSW, by April 1855
Died Brook Green, London, England, 7 October 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MADAME CAILLY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1857), 5 

. . . We ought not to omit - though last not least a mention of Mr. Stephens' buffo scene we should have called it a medley - of "Alonzo ye Brave," which was loudly encored, and for which on a repeat "Villikins and his Dinah" was substituted, scarcely the particular kind of morceau that one would expect to hear in a concert-room, however interesting it may be in a bar parlour . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 March 1858), 3 

Prince of Wales. Under Distinguished Patronage. THE FAREWELL BENEFIT and LAST APPEARANCE of Mr W. H. STEPHENS, who, in issuing this invitation to his numerous friends, looks forward with hope and confidence that those who have passed a merry hour with him, - "many a time and oft", will not forget their old favorite, but come in crowds to give him their hands previous to his departure for England . . .

Mr. W. H. Stephens will introduce, for the first time in N.S.W., the History, Melancholy Fate, and End of MY OLD DOG TRAY, as sung by Mr F. Robson, in London, and Mr. Geo. Coppin, in Melbourne, and at present causing the greatest excitement . . .

"THEATRICAL, &c.", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1871), 5 

. . . W. H. Stephens, late of Sydney, has just terminated an engagement of eighteen months with the Vaudeville company. I hear that he has had several offers made him by various London managers . . .

"DEATH OF MR. W. H. STEPHENS", The Lorgnette (4 December 1888), 2 

A London paper thus writes of the above gentleman's decease: - "Mr. W. H. Stephens, the well-known old man comedian and character actor, dropped dead on his knees, as he was praying at mass, at the Brook Green Roman Catholic Church, near London, on Sunday, October 7th, 1888 . . . The late Mr. Stephens was a sterling actor of the old Farren, Leaton, Buckstone and Coppin School - a school which has unfortunately long died out. He made his first appearance on the stage at the Theatre Royal, Derby, England, on the 11th of April, 1839. He then went on a lengthened tour through Great Britain and Ireland until 1854, when he came out to Australia. In 1855 he was underlined to appear at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, under the lesseeship and management of the late Mr. John Black, but through some misunderstanding he did not then put in a show, but went to Sydney, where he became a great favorite. In that city he was mainly instrumental in building the Queen's Theatre, years ago burnt down. Returning to Melbourne he made his debut in the metropolis of Victoria, at the Theatre Royal, on the 1st of October, 1857, as Graves, in the late Lord Lytton's comedy of "Money" - the late Mrs. Robert Heir, the late Mrs. Alfred Phillips, the late Mr. Lambert, the late Mr. G. V. Brooke, and others well-known to fame appearing in the cast. After a few more years in Australia he returned to England, and made his London debut at the St. James's Theatre, as the Marquis, in the comedy of "Self-Made." During the last ysars of his life he confined himself almost exclusively to the line of old men. In all his parts he reached a standard of the highest excellence. The qualities of his heart and mind were well-known and thoroughly appreciated by the profession, by whom he was honored and beloved. The deceased gentleman was recently married to Mrs. Charles Poole, an actress well-known in Melbourne some thirty years ago, and who was with him at the time of his sudden death.


My diary from Sydney 1858-59 [My journey from Sydney]; manuscript, University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections. Los Angeles, California 90095-1575 

Journal of W.H. Stephens' journey from Australia to Samoa, Tahiti, Honolulu, California, Mexico, and Panama. Includes detailed description of theaters in Australia and Northern california. Also includes some discussion of local customs and dress in Samoa, Tahiti, and Hawaii; Journal entries date from May 1, 1858 to June 6, 1859. The author first gives an account of the decline of drama in New South Wales, a decline that he blames on the arrival of the comedian James Simmonds, a performer brought to Australia by Lola Montez. Stephens' makes reference to Sydney, Melbourne, and Geelong theaters. He then sails from Sydney on a ship called the Ocean, and describes his travels in Samoa, Tahiti, and Hawaii with some attention to local customs and dress in all three places. Stephens' travels on the Eurydice from Tahiti to San Francisco. Once in San Francisco, he provides a detailed description of the local theatre scene and his professional engagements, as well as an overview of life in the city. The journal also records his travels in California's Gold Country (with some mention of local drama), Acapulco, Mexico, and Panama. The journal ends abruptly after Stephens reaches Panama.

STEVENS, Mr. (? Joseph STEVENS, d. 1858)

Choral trainer, leader of the singing (Sydney Congregational Chapel)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1851; ? Hobart, TAS, 1855


Mr. Stevens, leader of the singing at the Sydney Congregational Chapel in 1851, was also associated with Arthur Gravely, and the "SINGING FOR THE MILLION . . . People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody".


"THE PEOPLE'S SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

[Letter] "To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1851), 4s

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1851), 2

"BALMAIN SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

"TASMANIA", The Argus (18 January 1855), 5



Active Adelaide, SA, 1852


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 December 1852), 1

CONCERT. MR. BENNETT begs respectfully to inform his friends and the public, his intention of giving a CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, in the Large Room at the Freemason's Tavern, on THURSDAY EVENING, the 23rd December.
PROGRAMME. PABT I. Overture - "Tancredi" - Rossini.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "Man the Life-Boat" - Russell.
Song, Miss Pettman - M.S.
Duett - Violin and Pianoforte - De Beriot.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "We are Boys together" - Russell.
Solo, Cornopean, Mr. McCullagh - "Love Not" - Norton.
PART II. Overture - "Montrose" - Bishop.
Song, Miss Pettman - M.S.
Song, Mr. Stevens - "The Slave Ship" - Russell.
Irish Comic Song, Mr. McCullagh - M.S.
Song, Miss Pettman - Russell.
Finale - "God Save the Queen."
Tickets 5s. each, to be had at the Freemason's Tavern, and of Mr. Bennett, Thebarton.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Bennett (conductor)



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (6 October 1852), 4 

We hear great things of the preparations for the Concert of tomorrow evening. The programme is not yet issued, but we understand that no fewer than four lady singers will appear, Mrs. Testar, Mrs. Pellatt, a Madame Clasen, and a Miss Hall. Miss Clasen is to perform on the piano, as well as Master Stevens, who was so warmly encored on Thursday last, and the Concert is to be still further enriched by a German chorus or two, and by the efforts of a gentleman amateur. Herr Mater is very active and enterprising and deserves encouragement.


Musician, pianist, music teacher, composer (pupil of Charles Sandys Packer)

Born Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1861
Died London, England, November 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Violinist, film actor

Born Sydney, NSW, 1896


"BIRTHS", Empire (5 September 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1876), 1

[News], The Argus (31 May 1877), 5

"CHURCH OF ST. CHARLES, WAVERLEY", Evening News (9 August 1879), 5

"THE FRANCISCANS AT WAVERLEY", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 15

"Christmas Day", Evening News (26 December 1879), 2

. . . The usual "Adeste" was sung; but in place of the "Benedictus," a simple, though charming "O Salutaris," composed by John M. Stevens, was very well rendered by Miss J. Goodridge.

[Advertisement], Evening News (10 January 1880), 5

JOHN M. STEVENS (late pupil to Mr. Charles Packer), Teacher of Music, Stanley-ter., Harris St., Ultimo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1884), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1884), 2

[Advertisement], Evening News (7 January 1885), 4

"Fatality in the Domain. ACCIDENTAL DEATH", Evening News (11 June 1886), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1889), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Brisbane Courier (23 December 1889), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1891), 1

"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1891), 1

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (5 October 1914), 6

"PERSONAL PARS", The Cumberland Argus (18 November 1916), 12

Word has been received by cable, of the death in London of Mr. John M. Stevens, whose accomplished and handsome daughters were educated at the Parramatta convent. Miss Cecile Stevens, one of the daughters, was a talented violinist, and it was to let her take advantage of a scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music that Mr. Stevens voyaged to London.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1922), 8

"DE LUXE STAR PLAYS FOR RADIO", The Music Trade Review (15 July 1922), 23

Miss Cecile Ann Stevens, one of the cleverest of Australia's younger violin artistes, is returning to America next month after a stay of rather over a year on this side . . . Miss Stevens is now going direct to Los Angeles for the preparation of a film entitled, "The Story of an Old Violin," in which she will be the central figure. The violin in question was the property of her father, the late John M. Stevens, of this city, the composer of various songs and a "Requiem," to whom it was bequeathed by a French musician as a genuine "Nicolo Amati" (Cremona, 1596-1684). Miss Stevens took the instrument to the Royal Academy, where it was examined by various connoisseurs with approval, and finally was pronounced genuine by Hill and Sons, of New Bond-street, who declared It worth more than it thousand pounds.

Works include:

The Sydney polka mazurka (Composed by Master John Stevens, at the age of fourteen) (Sydney: [s.n.], [1876]) 

The Bulwara waltzes ("Respectfully dedicated to His Worship, the Mayor of Sydney (John Harris, Esq. M.L.A.) and Mayoress, "Bulwara", Ultimo; as played by the City Band at the Citizens' Complimentary Ball, August 16th, 1883) 

The Sir Joseph Banks polka ("Respectfully dedicated to Mr & Mrs. Frank Smith 'Sir Joseph Banks' [Hotel], Botany") (Sydney: W. Akhurst & Co., [1884]) 

Good bye (song; words by Phillip D. Lorimer; music by John M. Stevens) ([Sydney]: W. Akhurst, [1889]) 


Cecile Stevens and her sister Leonetti Stevens starred as themselves in the 1940 US film Broken strings


Music teacher, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861, until ? 1868


"Mrs. and Miss Stevenson" ran a girls school in Sydney from 1861, Miss Stevenson also offering private tuition in music. Her Electra galop ("dedicated to the Belles of Sydney"), published by Elvy and Co., in April 1864, was reviewed by the Herald (the advertisement, apparently incorrectly, gives the title as the "Election galop").


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1861), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1864), 6 

"THE ELECTRA GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1864), 4

? "CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1868), 4


Teacher of music and languages

Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 11 March 1917


"Crossed the Bar", Weekly Times (17 March 1917), 24

By the death on March 11 of Mrs Sara A. Stevenson, at a private hospital in Moonee Ponds, another old colonist is removed. She was 84 years of age. Mrs. Stevenson, who was the relic of Mr. William Stevenson, of Clifton House, Kew, and Gippsland, was at one time teacher of music and languages in the family of the late Mr. Joseph Chamberlain. She arrived in Melbourne in 1858. Two sons survive her.


Musician, cornet player (bandsman 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1853), 3 

MECHANICS INSTITUTION - Weekly Concerts, Thursday, 28th inst. -
Principal Performers: - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, who will have the honor of making her first appearance, and will sing a duet with Mrs. Testar.
Sig. Maffei will play a Duo with Mr. Stuart; pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan, his first appearance.
Conductor and Director - Mons. Saltzer [sic].

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8 

This Evening, Thursday, 28th July, a grand concert will take place in the Hall of the above Institution, when the following artistes will appear:-
Vocal: - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Taunton (Their first appearance).
Instrumental. - Harp, Mr. Edwards (his first appearance), Violin, M. Paltzer, Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart, Pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan (his first appearance).
Full Band. Director and Conductor - Mons. Paltzer.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - L'Italiana in Algeri - Rossini
Melodie Musicale - Full Band - J. G. Reed [T. German Reed] . . .
Polka - Young Couple, with Cornet Obligato (by desire), Mr. Stewart - Cooke . . .
PART II. Overture - Harmonious Blacksmith, Full Band - Handel . . .
Duet for two Cornopeans, from Belisario, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart - Donizetti . . .
Polka - The Drum - Jullien . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (soprano vocalist); Louisa Urie (vocalist); Joseph Maffei (cornet); Charles O'Sullivan (piano); Jacques Paltzer (violin, conductor)


Pianist, accompanist

Active Maitland district, NSW, 1854


"MR. PAXTON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (19 April 1854), 2 

According to advertisement this gentleman gave his "Scottish Entertainment," in the Court House, East Maitland, last Saturday evening, and was greeted upon his entrance in a very warm manner, by a numerous and highly respectable audience . . . "Afton Water" was a great treat, and reflected great credit upon Mr. Paxton. Time and space will not allow us to notice, seriatim, all the songs announced in the programme, and introduced during the course of the evening, which we regret, as much might be said in praise of the manner in which they were sung, especially "When the kye comes hame," - "For the sake o' somebody," - "O, but, he was a brisk young lad," - and "I met four chaps yon birks amang," or as it is familiarly and better known, "Jenny's Bawbee." But, what shall we say, what can we say of "Wha'll buy caller herrín." This song was unquestionably the real gem of the evening, and the style in which it was sung, and the rich, clear tone which constitutes the "cry" for the sale of fish, was exquisitely achieved, and made us almost imagine that "Newhaven Meg" had arrived in Australia, and without loss of time had begun to ply her vocation by bawling out, not "Fish 'o," but, "Wha'll buy caller herrín" . . . It would be very ungallant in us, were we to conclude without noticing Mrs. Stewart, who is undoubtedly perfect mistress of the instrument at which she presided, and added so much to the sweet harmony of the evening. It struck us that the piano-forte, which was evidently a full, rich toned instrument, did not occupy a favourable position, but, should Mr. P., as hinted at, give a second " Entertainment", this error may be remedied by placing it more in the body of the house, opposite the bench.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Paxton (Scottish vocalist)

STEWART, Eliza (Eliza STEWART; Miss STEWART; alias of Eliza Stewart KIPLING) = Eliza Stewart ELLIS

Vocalist, pianist

Active (as "Miss Stewart") VIC, 1854-57

STEWART, Matthew

Music seller, publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1858
Trading (with Frank McCulloch) as McCulloch and Stewart, 1858-63 or later
? Died Camberwell, VIC, 27 March 1899, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 August 1858), 1 

. . . For particulars apply to Messrs. McCulloch and Stewart, music warehouse, 27 Coliins-street, Melbourne . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 May 1879), 11 

WE, the undersigned, Joseph Kilner (late Wilkie, Kilner and Co.) and Matthew Stewart (late pianoforte and music seller) of Collins street, have this day entered into PARTNERSHIP as pianoforte manufacturers, importers, and repairers. The business of the firm will be carried on as usual at Richmond and 41 Collins street east, under the name of KILNER and STEWART (Signed)
Dated this 1st day of May, 1879.

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 291, 305 (DIGITISED)

STEWART, Richard (alias of Richard Stewart TOWZEY; TOUSEY)

Actor, vocalist, theatrical manager

Born South Shields, England, 24 May 1827
Active Sydney, NSW, by early 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 24 August 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

STEWART, Theodosia (Miss YATES, Mrs. STIRLING; Mrs. GUERIN; Mrs. Richard STEWART)

Vocalist, actor



See Guerin family

STEWART, Nellie (Eleanor STEWART TOWZEY; Eleanor ROW)

Vocalist, actor

Born Woolloomooloo, NSW, 20 November 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 June 1931 (NLA persistent identifier)



"PERSONAL", Arrow (26 May 1917), 3 

. . . Nellie Stewart's father, Richard Stewart, was born at South Shields on May 24, 1827. His family name was either Towzey or Tousey. He was educated at Christ's Hospital - the famous Blue Coat School of London. In 1849 he went to the Californian gold diggings, and, after some experience, crossed the Pacific to Sydney, whence he went to the Turon rush of 1852. His first theatrical experience was gained in 1856 in Sydney, where he played continuously during several seasons, and became a great favorite.

It was at the beginning of his Sydney career that he married Mrs. Guerin, as already stated last week under this heading. In 1860 he played a season in Melbourne under Barry Sullivan, as chief comedian . . . Soon after that he went into management at Melbourne Royal . . .


Daughter of Richard STEWART and Theodosia GUERIN


Amateur poet, lyricist, songwriter, lawyer

Born ? Scotland, c. 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1833 (passenger on the brig Children, from London, 20 April)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 20 June 1849, aged 43 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Stewart and his wife and two children arrived in Sydney in August 1833. Having served as a NSW police magistrate since and chairman of the Court of Quarter Sessions, Stewart had moved to Hobart by early in 1838 where he applied to the Supreme Court for admittance as a barrister.

Robert Stewart wrote the words of at least two songs. An early version of the words of Echo's song first appeared anonymously in The Australian (20 March 1835) and was later set by William Vincent Wallace (1837), and dedicated to Wallace's Hobart "friend" and cousin Maria Logan. Then in 1839, Logan herself set another of Stewart's lyrics, The vow that's breathed in solitude. Her song was published in April, but no copy has been identified.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (2 September 1833), 2 

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (12 September 1833), 2 

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 October 1833), 1 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 November 1833), 2 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1834), 2 

The newly appointed third Police Magistrate, Robert Stewart, Esq., took his seat on the Sydney Magisterial Bench on Saturday last. Mr. S. bids fair to prove a valuable acquisition to our Sydney Bench of Justices; and during the severe loss (which we trust will be but temporary) occasioned by Mr. Windeyer's illness, through recent and severe domestic affliction, his accession may be hailed as a public benefit.

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

A piece of colonial music was ushered into existence yesterday. It is entitled, Echo's Song - the words by Mr. R. Stewart, and the music by Mr. W. Wallace; it is simple and pretty.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2 

We have received from Messrs. Austin and Co., a new musical production called the "Echo Song; the words by George [sic] Stewart, Esq., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs Logan, of Hobart Town, by William Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society, Dublin." We have not had leisure to look into the merits of the publication - the name of William Wallace, however, is a sufficient recommendation to the musical folks of Sydney.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (3 February 1837), 3 

We have been favoured by the publisher with a copy of a new piece of music, styled "THE ECHO'S SONG - the words by R. Stewart, Esq., the music by Mr. W. Wallace. We shall take an early opportunity of obtaining the opinion of some of our fair friends on its beauties. It is rather out of our line.

"SYDNEY NEWS", The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

Mr. Wallace, and our old townsmen, J. P. Deane, gave a concert on the 2nd instant, which was very numerously attended: the whole of the performances gave the most entire satisfaction. Mr. Wallace, whom many of our readers may recollect, during his short sojourn here; has composed a song, called the "Echo Song," the words by Mr. R. Stewart. The Colonist styles it "simple and pretty."

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (23 February 1838), 1 

NOTICE is hereby given that I, Robert Stewart, late Chairman of the Courts of Quarter Sessions for the Colony of New South Wales, and now residing in Macquarie street, Hobart town, in Van Diemen's Land, Gentleman, one &c, do intend to apply to the Honorable the Supreme Court of Van Diemen's Land, on the last day of the first term in the present year to be admitted a Barrister, Attorney, Solicitor and Proctor of the said Supreme Court Dated this 2nd day of February 1838. Robert Stewart.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (26 April 1839), 2

A song, entitled "The vow that's breathed in solitude" - the words by Mr. Stewart - the music arranged by Mrs. Logan - has been forwarded to us, and, according to our judgment, affords a very creditable specimen of "immortal music married unto verse." This is the first Van Diemen's Land melody it has been our fortune to encounter, and is well worthy of being hailed by all the lovers of song and of Tasmania, with all the gladness and rejoicing of a new birth.

Also: Hobart Town Advertiser (10 May 1839):

We must not pass lightly by the music of Mrs. Logan, a lady who has the merit of being the first musical compositor in the colony.

[Editorial], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1840), 4

We are not blessed with hurdy-gurdies or barrel-organs in this hemisphere, but claim some exemption from the tomb of oblivion, in an occasional offering to the muses, which passes through the colony with the swiftness of the Highland fire-brand, visiting the mansion and the cottage, and thereby indicating a taste for the "tender and true". We allude more particularly to The vow that's breathed in solitude

"DIED", Colonial Times (22 June 1849), 2 

DIED, At his residence in Collins-street, on the 20th instant, after a long and painful illness, Robert Stewart, Esq., Barrister at Law, aged 43 years.

Extant lyrics:

"Original Poetry: ECHO'S SONG", The Australian (20 March 1835), 4 

Echo's Song. The Words by Robert Stewart, Esq[ui]re. Composed and dedicated to his friend, Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town by Will[ia]m Wallace, Late Leader of "The Anacreontic Society Dublin" (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin and Co., [1837]) 

STIER, Charles William Ferdinand (Mr. C. W. F. STIER; STEER)

Master of the band of the 11th Regiment, professor of music, composer, first conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born Königswinter, Germany, 1 February 1818
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845 (with regiment)
Married Margaret Letitia Simpson, Launceston, TAS, 12 July 1857
Departed Sydney, NSW 20 October 1859 (per Dawsonia, for London)
Died King William's Town, East Cape, South Africa, 16 June 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


Stier presumably arrived first in Sydney and then in Hobart in 1845 with his regiment and band. Two bands, Duly's of the 51st, and Stier's 11th played at the Hobart regatta in December, as the Courier differentiated them: "the fine band of the 51st, and the more novel band of the 11th, with newer music, and a different style of excellence."

As a result of disciplinary difficulties with the 99th regiment in NSW, in the News Year the 11th band was back in Sydney, where it played at the public Anniversary dinner in January at the City Theatre. They remained in NSW for the rest of the year, then returned to Tasmania early in 1847.

At Launceston in mid-1848, the press reported:

We understand that a vocal and instrumental concert, will be given by Mr. William Stier, under the patronage of Colonel Bloomfield. The selection of music for the evening, will be from the most eminent English and Continental composers, together with Mr. Stier's own compositions, with which be has delighted the public of Launceston at various times and which have been so highly approved of. Mr. Stier is a native of the kingdom of Hanover, where he finished his musical education under the most eminent composers of the present day.

The programme included the Overture to Euryanthe (Weber) and "Part of the 7th Symphony by Beethoven" (the earliest documented performance of any part of a Beethoven symphony in Australia), as well as an "Overture, by W. Stier" and "Rondeau militaire, by W. Stier".

Stier and the band were back in Sydney, permanently, by 1 November, when they played for the Gautrots' concert (an "Overture, composed by Mr. STEER, bandmaster of H. M. 11th Regiment", again on the program). A few days later, Mrs. W. Stier was reported to have given birth to "a daughter, still-born".

In November 1851, Henry Marsh advertised the impending publication "for the author" of three works by Stier, the Merry Old England quadrilles ("Arranged, and in part composed, for His Excellency the Governor-General's Costume Ball"; contents: 1 Whilst with village maids I stray; 2 Sweet Anne Page; 3 I've kissed and I've prattled; 4 When the rosy morn appearing; 5 'Twas merry in the hall), actually published by Woolcott and Clarke, and the two others published by Marsh, Fitz Roy schottische ("Composed for the same occasion [the Governor-General's Costume Ball], and dedicated to the Honorable Mrs. Keith Stewart"), and The native flower polka ("Dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales"). In its report of the costume ball, on 29 October, the Herald noted:

the excellence of the orchestral arrangements, which (including the stringed instruments) were carried out, in their usual style, by the band of H.M. 11th Regiment.

In August 1852, Henry Marsh dedicated his topical Nugget schottische (no copy identified) "to his friend C. W. F. Stier".

In January 1853, Stier began advertising "Lessons in Music" (later specifically "on the Pianoforte, Flute, and Violin, also in Harmony and Composition" and as an "importer" of music and instruments) and in April 1854 he was named as "Conductor" of Eugene Paris's newly-formed Sydney Philharmonic Society:

The object of the Society is the practice and cultivation of the most approved vocal and instrumental music, and is based on the principles of the London Philharmonic Society, and other amateur musical societies in England.

At their first concert in December 1854 (at which Miska Hauser and Frederick Ellard appeared), the Empire commented of the band:

. . . it would not be fair to test their performances by the strict rules of criticism. We are, however, convinced that such a body of instrumentalists could not be supplied from the ranks of the profession in Sydney.

At the society's concert in 28 August (assisted by Sara Flower, Edward Boulanger playing Beethoven's "Pathetique" Sonata, and Henri Herwyn; Catherine Hayes was indisposed), Stier conducted the band in the first two movements of "Haydn's famous Symphony No. 8" [ie. No. 100] and "Beethoven's magnificent overture to the Men of Prometheus".

Having speculated unwisely in property, Stier was insolvent in mid-1857, though a charge of "fraudulent insolvency" was withdrawn, on the non-appearance of the prosecutor, in November.

John Deane, previously leader under Stier, assumed full conductorship of the Philharmonic Society around this time.

Stier was advertising again regularly as a teacher by mid 1858. That year, too, at W. H. Paling's concert for the Indian Mutiny Relief Fund in April, there was a "Grand March, by Mr. Stier, late bandmaster of H.M. 11th Regiment", possibly the same work that he published in July as The Warrior's Lament ("March composed for pianoforte by C. W. F. Stier"; no copy identified). According to Bell's Life:

We know not whether it was contemplated by the author to illustrate the mourning of the British soldiery over the scene of the appalling Cawnpore butchery; but if so, the plaintive strains of his composition fully embody the idea.

Stier was naturalised as British subject in 1854, and had resigned his post as bandmaster of the 11th before the regiment left Australia in 1857. In October 1859, however, he and his family also left for England.


"THE REGATTA", The Courier (6 December 1845), 2

"THE ANNIVERSARY DINNER", Morning Chronicle (31 January 1846), 4

"GRAND CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 June 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 July 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (15 July 1848), 7

"The Concert on Monday . . .", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1848), 1

"COSTUME BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1851), 5

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1853), 1 

MR. C. W. F. STEER [sic] has the honour to announce that he intends giving Lessons in Music. Particulars may be obtained at Messrs. Kern and Mader's, Hunter-street, and letters addressed to the same will be attended to.

[Advertisement], Empire (14 January 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (20 April 1854), 1

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (26 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1855), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (29 September 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1856), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (12 January 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (21 February 1857), 1

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (21 August 1857), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (4 November 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1858), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Bell's Life in Sydney (10 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1858), 6

"NATURALIZED ALIENS", Journal of the Legislative Council of New South Wales (5 October 1858), 5 (271)

"DEPARTURES FOR ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 9

"FOLKESTONE, SANDGATE, HYTHE, AND SHORNCLIFFE REGATTA", Morning Post [England] (27 August 1862), 6

FOLKESTONE, Tuesday Evening . . . This day [26 August]. . . For the amusement of the visitors the band of the 78th Highlanders, under the direction of Mr. J. Smalley, band-master, was stationed here, while the band of the 54th Regiment, under the direction of Mr. H. Brosang, band-master, played on the Pavilion-lawn, and the band of the 96th Regiment, under the direction of Mr. C. W. F. Stier, delighted the visitors on the beach, by discoursing most excellent music throughout the day . . .

"GRAND MILITARY CONCERT", Kentish Gazette [England] (7 October 1862), 6

lt had been arranged, by the munificence of Mons. Doridant, the spirited proprietor of the Royal Pavilion Hotel, aided the splendid bands of the 78th Highlanders, under the conductorship of Mr. Smalley, of the 84th Regiment, under Mr. Brosing, and of the 96th, under Mr. Stier, to give a grand military concert on Thursday afternoon for the benefit of the distressed Lancashire operatives. The weather, however, was unpropitious; and, although large numbers attended, it was imperative, owing to a severe shower, to postpone it till Friday. Accordingly at half past two o'clock on Friday afternoon, the beautiful grounds were well filled with a fashionable and brilliant audience . . . The following programme was performed, to the delight of all present: Overture - "Guillaume Tell, Rossini; Valse - "First Love," Farmer; Selection - "Puritan's Daughter," Balfe; Quadrille - "Bonnie Dundee," D'Albert; Overture - "Zampa," Herold; Valse - "Satanella," Laurent; Selection - "Lilly of Killarney," Benedict; Quadrille - "Old English," Jullien; Overture - "Masaniello," Auber; Selection - "Lucretia Borgia," Donizetti; Mazurka - "The Sunny South," Stier; Quadrille - "St. Patrick," Laurent; Galop - "Archery," Brosang. "God Save the Queen." Mr. Smalley, who had a special request to conduct the finale, "God save the Queen," which was given in a spirited and splendid style, was warmly received, and the whole concert proved a perfect success, producing for the funds of the society about £70.

"HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2



Active Sydney, NSW, 1859

But see also below Thomas Strinson [sic]


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (4 February 1859), 276 

DESCRIPTION of Straggler from Her Majesty's Ship "Herald": - Thomas Stinson, musician, 42 years of age, a native of Battle, Sussex, 5 feet 5 inches in height, dark brown hair, grey eyes. £1 reward. JOHN McLERIE, Inspector General of Police. Office of Inspector General of Police, 3rd February, 1859.


Soprano vocalist

See Theodosia GUERIN


Amateur musician, hostess, patron

Born Stoke, Guildford, England, 4 September 1807
Arrived Garden Island, Swan River Colony (WA), 31 May 1829 (on the Parmelia, from England 24 January)
Departed WA, 1839
Died Stoke, England, 8 June 1874


Ellen Stirling is reported to have been musical. As wife of the governor, she was hostess of the first ball held in Perth, on 3 September 1831, as described by Hanson 1833 and Moore 1884. Moore also describes later balls (see below).


"COLONEL HANSON'S PAMPHLET", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (19 January 1833), 11 

I attended the second or third market day after my arrival at Perth, and bought fine fresh butter for 4 s. 6d. a pound-potatoes for 9d. and vegetables at the same scale of price. In short during my stay there for two months, I neither heard or dreamt of any want, and I will appeal to those friends who occasionally breakfasted with me, whether I had not on my table as excellent a meal as they would wish to sit down to, I cannot speak of my Dinners, as my friends were too hospitable, ever to permit of my dining at home. Whilst writing on the subject of supplies, I could wish that you had seen an entertainment, given by the Governor, to the Ladies and Gentlemen of the colony. I think you would have acknowledged, that the whole affair would have done credit to any part of the world. We quadrilled and waltzed until midnight, sat down to a sumptuous supper laid out for a hundred and fifty people, returned to the dance, enlivened by Champagne, and separated only, when the rising Sun began to smile upon our Orgies.

Bibliography and resources:

Moore 1884, 311, 312, 350, 351, 

[May-June 1837] There is to be a ball in commemoration of the establishment of the colony on Thursday next, the 1st June; and, in the day time, rustic games, races, soaped tails, &c . . . [312] . . . In the evening there was a subscription ball, at which there were 80 people and upwards. 

[350] [1838] June 3rd. - There was a ball on Friday night in Perth. I was up almost all night, so that accounts for the sleepiness . . . [351] There is to be a ball on Monday night given by the naval and military men here - "a United Service ball." I shall have to go down to it, for one has no option in these matters, for fear of giving offence. June 4th - The United Service ball was a splendid one. The rooms were decorated with the ship's flags, which had a fine appearance. The company did not come away till near six o'clock in the morning. 

(368) [November 1838] The Governor is to give a parting ball at Government House on Thursday night, when I trust it will be cooler weather than it is just now . . . On the 20th the Governor and Lady Stirling gave a farewell ball to almost everybody. Dancing was kept up literally till breakfast time next day . . . [372] [January 1839] There were great doings in Fremantle on Friday - a dejeuner and a ball in honour of Sir James and Lady Stirling.

"Lady Ellen Stirling 1807 - 1874", National Portrait Gallery, Canberra 


Piano-forte teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 August 1853), 3 

PIANOFORTE - A few Pupils will be received by Mrs. Stobie, Great Brunswick-street, Collingwood. Cottage third door from Gertrude-street, on the right going down. Terms, three guineas per quarter.

STOCKMEYER, Adolphus (Adolph)

Bass vocalist, pianist

Born Rio de Janiero, Brazil, c. 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 17 July 1860 (per Magdalena, from Hamburg, 10 April)
Married Jane WATSON (1847-1906), Sydney, NSW, 1868 [sic]
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1868
Active San Francisco, USA, until c.1897 Died Adams Point Camp, Alameda, USA, 27 May 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Sister of Minnie WATSON (WALTON) = Mrs. Frederick LYSTER

Summary (after Ganzl):

Born in Rio de Janiero of German-Portuguese extraction, Stockmeyer arrived in Melbourne in July 1860 via Hamburg. During his 8 years in Australasia (1860-c.1868) he was active as a concert pianist and accompanist, and from 1864 or earlier as a chorus singer for the Lyster opera company. He is on record as having married Jane Watson (sister-in-law of Fred Lyster) in Sydney in 1868, though they had evidently claiming to be married up to two years earlier. After Melbourne, they settled in San Francisco, where from the mid 1870s until c. 1897 Adolphus sang in the chorus of the Tivoli Theater. Their six daughters also went on to sing in Tivoli chorus.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (19 July 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1861), 8

PRINCE of WALES THEATRE - Herr STOCKMEYER TO-NIGHT. Grand fantasia on piano. First appearance in the colonies.

"TOWN TALK", The Herald (5 December 1861), 5 

The Gorman Gymnastic Association gave an entertainment last evening at their Hall, in Russell street . . . The first piece last evening was a sketch of Goethe's, entitled " Die Geschwister," in which the lady who sustuined the part of Marianne shone far above her male assistants; and after some singing by Messrs. Sprinkhorn and Nathanson (Mr. Stockmeyer accompanying), a dramatic monologue, "After the Ball," was given by a young lady who, possessing a very retentive memory, exhibited some imitative talent, and whose nervousness in rendering the songs did not prevent her from earning well-merited applause.

[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 October 1863), 8

[News], Wellington Independent (19 November 1864), 3 

The members of Lyster's Opera Company, who arrived per s.s. Queen, from Wellington, on Wednesday, were: - Messrs Springthorne [Spinckhorn], Nathanson, Stockmeyer, Ramsden, and Mrs. King, Mrs. Andrews, and Miss Watson. The other members of the troupe are still performing in Wellington, but will be here by the opening night, on the 15th inst. The artists, as well as the carpenters, are busy at work at the Prince of Wales preparing for the reception of this talented company.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1866), 1 

WILL Mrs. STOCKMEYER, formerly Miss Jane Watson, call for a LETTER at Post Office, Sydney, from her school companion, MARIE THERESA H.

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

Messrs. Kitts and Baker, of Lyster's Opera Company, gave a concert at Emerald-hill, on Wednesday evening last, under the patronage of the mayor and borough council. The entertainment - one of high order - took place in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, but was indifferently attended in consequence of the excitement of the election. The vocalists were Mrs. E. Andrew, and Messrs. Kitts, Baker, Nathanson, Hall, and Sprinckhorn; M. Stockmeyer presiding at the piano. The selection of music gave satisfaction, and a violin solo by Mr. Hall was loudly applauded. During the interval between the parts, Mr. Kitts delivered an election speech, entitled "Larkins v. Fitzherbert," the humour of which was relished by the audience. The concert concluded with Carl Hennings', "Frogs Cantata," with the imitation of frogs in a pond. The mayor and other gentlemen have guaranteed a large number of tickets for a second concert, which will take place in a week or two, when it is believed that a crowded room will compensate for the poorness of the attendance at the first concert.

[Advertisement], Figaro [San Francisco, USA] (2 January 1873), 2 

ADOLPHUS STOCKMEYER, TEACHER OF PIANO AND SINGING. Balls and Parties attended to, and Music furnished. Residence, 298 Eddy Street.

My thanks:

To Kurt Ganzl, 2018, for kindly sharing his research findings.


Amateur violinist, composer, publican

Born ? Dunsyre, Lanarkshire, Scotland, 21 March 1796
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 September 1822 (per Minerva from Leith and Falmouth, 1 May)
Died Bagdad, VDL (TAS), 30 April 1848, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


During his family's return to Tasmania in 1844, John Philip Deane advertised a concert at a fellow old colonist, Robert Stodart's hotel in Bagdad, when, according to the Colonial Times "he will be assisted in the instrumental department by Mr. Stodart himself, who plays an admirable violin". In due course, it also reported that the concert "was not only numerously, but most respectably attended. The performance was excellent, and that of Mr. Stodart much admired". I have found nothing to connect this Stodart with the piano maker Robert Stodart of London.


"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (28 September 1822), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (3 May 1844), 1

STODART'S HOTEL, BAGDAD. Mr. DEANE has the pleasure to inform the inhabitants of Bagdad and its vicinity that a CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC will take place at the above-mentioned Hotel on SATURDAY, the 11th instant. Mr. Stodart has gratuitously offered the use of his concert room, as well as his personal exertions in the instrumental department. Tickets, 5s. each, to be had of Mr. Best, Royal Hotel, and Mr. Stodart, Stodart's Hotel.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Colonial Times (7 May 1844), 3

. . . On Saturday next, we perceive Mr. Deane gives a Concert at Bagdad, at Mr. Stodart's Hotel, when he will be assisted in the instrumental department by Mr. Stodart himself, who plays an admirable violin . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 May 1844), 3 

Mr. DEANE has the pleasure to inform the inhabitants of Bagdad and its vicinity that a
CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC will take place at the above-mentioned Hotel
TOMORROW, the 11th instant. Mr. Stodart had gratuitously offered the use of his concert room, as well as his personal exertions in the instrumental department.
Orerture -
Glee - "The merry month of May" - Blewitt - Miss Deane, Mr. E. Deane, and Mr. J. Deane.
Song - "Come where Hie aspens quiver" - Lee - Miss Deane.
Glee - "Mynheer Van Dunk" - Bishop - Mr. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, and Mr. J. Deane.
Solo Pianoforte - "Pres aux Clercs" - Herz - Miss Deane.
Song - "Hurrah for the bonnets of blue" - Mr. J. Deane.
Trio - Violin, Violoncello, and Pianoforte, in which will be introduced several national airs by Mr. Stodart, who has kindly offered his services on the occasion - Mr. Stodart, Mr. Deane, and Mr. E. Deane.
Overture -
Duetto - "The celebrated Singing Lesson" - Miss Deane and Mr. Deane.
Solo Violin - (Juvenile performance) - De Beriot - Master C. Deane.
The celebrated Laughing Glee - Addison - Mr. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, and Mr. J. Deane.
Song - "Glory from the battle plains" - Rossini - Miss Deane.
Solo and Chorus - "Auld lang syne."
Tickets, 5s. each, to be had of Mr. Stodart, Stodart's Hotel, and Mr. Best, Royal Hotel.

"COUNTRY THEATRICALS" and "MR. DEANE'S CONCERTS", Colonial Times (21 May 1844), 3

A portion of our metropolitan theatrical performers, including Messrs. Arabin, Davies, with Madame Adelle, have, during the present recess, been entertaining the good people of Richmond with some very clever and well got up performances. Stimulated by their success at the latter place, they purpose to extend their circuit, and on Thursday Evening they appear at Mr. Stodart's Hotel, at Bagdad, in some favourite pieces . . .

We are pleased to find that Mr. Deane's concert at Mr. Stodart's, Green Ponds, on Saturday week, was not only numerously, but most respectably attended. The performance was excellent, and that of Mr. Stodart much admired.

"OBITUARY", Colonial Times (2 May 1848), 3

Again has "grim Death" been at work amongst our older colonists. Mr. Robert Stodart, of the Royal Hotel, Bagdad, is one of its victims . . .

"DEATH", The Courier (3 May 1848), 2

STOKES, William (William STOKES; Mr. W. STOKES)

Amateur vocalist

Born Essex, England, 17 January 1828; baptised Saffron Walden, 13 April 1828; son of William STOKES (c. 1797-1868) and Mary Ann GUNN (1795-1878)
Married Eliza Ann LACEY (1834-1873), Launceston, TAS, 28 September 1855
Died Lefroy, TAS, 21 April 1906

ASSOCIATIONS: From 1862, brother-in-law of Louisa (Lacey) and Thomas Sharp


Register of baptisms, Abbey-lane meeting house, Saffron Walden, 1828; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

300 / William the Son of William Stokes of this parish and Mary Ann, his wife, born January seventeenth 1828, and baptised publicly April 12, 1828 . . .

England census, 6 June 1841, Saffron Walden, Essex; UK National Archives, Ho 107 / 354 / 5 (PAYWALL)

Gold Street / William Stokes / 44 / L[inen] Master / [born in county]
Mary Ann [Stokes] / 44 / - / [born in county]
Alfred [Stokes] / 18 / L. Draper / [born in county]
Mary Ann [Stokes] / 13 / - / [born in county] . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Colchester St. Botolph, Essex; UK National Archives, Ho 107 / 1781 (PAYWALL)

Botolph St. / William Griffin / Head / Mar. / 61 / Linen Draper Master . . .
William Stokes / [Assistant] / U. / 23 / [Linen Draper] / [born] Essex Saffron Walden . . .

STONE, Mrs. (Mrs. STONE)


Active VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], The Age (24 January 1857), 6 

NATIONAL-HOTEL MUSIC HALL, Bourke street east, Near the Parliament Houses. The following artists are engaged:
MADAME LEON NAEJ, The celebrated artiste from the Grand Opera, Paris, who will this evening sing La Bayadere and the Marseillaise, in costume,
Mrs. W. H. STONE, Late of the London Concerts, her first appearance in the colonies, who with Mr. Ellis will introduce Comic Duets, Sketches, &c.
Mrs. G. ELLIS, The pleasing vocalist.
Mr. G. ELLIS, The popular comic vocalist.
Mr. KITTS, The admired basso, late of the Theatre Royal.
Mr. CHAMBERS, Characteristic Dancer.
Pianist and Conductor - Mr. E. J. Piper.
Proprietor - W. Hutchinson.
Admission Free.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (14 February 1857), 1 

Near the Parliament Houses. The following Performers are engaged; -
Madame LEON NAEJ, From the Grand Opera Paris. Mrs. J. W. STONE, Of the London Concerts,
Mr. G. ELLIS, The popular Comic Vocalist.
Mr. WHITE, Late of Rainer's Serenaders.
Pianist and Conductot - Mr. E. J. PIPER.
Proprietor - W. HUTCHINSON.
Admission Free.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (7 December 1857), 4 

To Proprietors of Concert Rooms. MRS. STONE, the Comic Characterestic Vocalist and Duet Singer, from the principal London Concerts - will be open to an Engagement on the 7th December. Address care Mr. Green, top Bellerine street, Geelong.

STONE, Alfred Hawes (Mr. A. H. STONE)

Amateur musician, flautist, flute player

Born Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, c. 1801
Arrived Fremantle, WA, 12 October 1829 (free per Caroline, from England)
Died WA, 7 March 1873 (NLA persistent identifier)


[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

. . . Mr. Stone made his flute discourse most eloquent music; indeed the portions of music allotted to him were the most strikings and distinguished in the programme of the evening.

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (25 June 1852), 3 

THE concert in aid of funds for promoting a Musical Class for the Mechanics' Institute, took place at the Court House in Perth last Friday evening. It had been advertised as to be given by Amateurs, and the audience therefore were prepared to give a patient hearing, and grant every indulgence to the performers. The evening was fine, and there was a very good attendance on the occasion. Overtures were played by the stringed instruments and flutes accompanied by the piano, which really did great credit to those who had undertaken their management, and we confidently predict that, if similar pains are taken upon future occasions, we shall have an orchestra capable of executing much more difficult pieces than were attempted on Friday evening. The two Misses Ougden performed the Overture to La Dame Blanche very pleasingly on the piano; and Mr. E. Hamersley played an excellent accoompaniment to the Rosita Waltz on the Cornet a Piston; Mr. A. H. Stone ably conducted the whole performance. The vocal parts were undertaken by Messrs William Clifton, Bell and Parry, the former of whom was encored in a new song called Dreams of the Heart. The evening's entertainment concluded with God save the Queen, which certainly appeared to give the greatest possible satisfaction, as it had the effect of sending all pnrties home with roars of laughter. Mrs. FitzGerald was present. We had almost forgotten to mention that the musical bell-ringers played several popular airs between the parts, with which the audience seemed much pleased.

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

? "ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (30 August 1871), 3

"AMATEUR ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (14 February 1877), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Cumes 1979, 197

[Ann Pheloung 1992, updated 2011], "Alfred Hawes Stone", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 



Musician, bandsman

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 November 1832; son of John STONEHAM and Mary SMITH
Died NSW, 26 March 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

STONEHAM, Herbert Leslie

Bandsman, flautist, composer

Born VIC, c.1855
Died Blackburn, VIC, 1945

STONEHAM, Henry William

STONEHAM, William Alfred

STONEHAM, Reginald Alberto Agrati

Musician, composer

Born VIC, 1879



[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1888), 12 



Eighty years old on Sunday, and almost all that time a musician - nearly eighty years of melody flowing through one's veins. Such a man is William Stoneham, who may claim to be one of the fathers of music in Australia - certainly the father of the Australian volunteer bands. Just 80 years ago he saw the light of day in Hobart, born of a good old English stock Almost before he could walk the call of music was with him, and as a mere toddler his ear was already almost perfect, and he would walk miles to hear a band. His first instructor was Drum-Major Allan of the old 96th Regiment, in Launceston, and the drum was his first instrument. Upon it he soon became efficient, so that when at the age of 13 years, he arrived in what was then known as Port Philip with his parents, he was able immediately to take his place in the Town Band . . .

Bibliography and resources:

William Stoneham (? 1832-1913), WikiTree 

STONEY, Henry Butler

Amateur musician, composer, musical editor, author, novelist, army officer (captain, 99th Regiment)

Born County Mayo, Ireland, 1816
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 18 June 1853 (per Senator from London, 2 February)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 20 February 1856 (per Indian Queen, for England)
Died Kawakawa, New Zealand, 5 July 1894, aged 78 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Stoney, a career army officer, came to Australia to join the 99th Regiment in Tasmania in 1853 as its paymaster.

In April 1854, he floated a scheme to induce members of the regiment to settle in a proposed new township, Wivenhoe, on the Emu River. Later that year he printed his book A year in Tasmania (reissued in England as A residence in Tasmania), which includes comments on local musicians and music making (English edition 132-33:

. . . Nor are the inhabitants of the good city without professors and masters in the elegant accomplishment of music; for there are several of no mean repute, and whose talents, judging from the multiplicity of their engagements, their frequent concerts and musical soirees are not unappreciated by the Tasmanians. A glee club has been organized under the direction of Mr. Tapfield, organist of Trinity Church, which has met with considerable success, and is patronised by some of the principal families: the meetings of the club, each alternate week, when members can introduce two or three friends, are of a very recherche and pleasing character. M. Del Sarte has also contributed much to the improvement of musical taste, and his concerts are always crowded. The Mechanics' Institute, under the tuition of Messrs. Salier and Russell, have formed a class for music at a very reduced rate for its members, and moderate fees for all who wish to become pupils. Besides these gentlemen, there are others of no less taste and talents; [133] and in the person of Mr. Packer, a fine vocalist and skilful pianist, the city possesses an unrivalled artist.

There are two theatres in Hobarton; and the principal one, the Victoria, is constantly visited by "stars," who seldom fail to draw crowded houses . . .

Stoney also compiled and edited two anthologies of locally composed music, The Delacourt bouquet, published in Hobart in November 1854, and The Tasmanian lyre, announced at the same time, though the second not released until March 1855. (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Composers represented in these collections include bandsmen of the 99th, bandmaster Robert Martin, and Arthur S. Hill (his The Wivenoe quadrilles), as well as Stoney himself.

Stoney's own The Wanderer polka and The Wanderer's return polka appeared in the first collection, and his La Speranza waltz in the second.

In February 1856 Stoney returned with the 99th Regiment to Britain, where in London he published his book Victoria: with a description of its principal cities, Melbourne and Geelong based on a 3-month visit there in late 1854 and early 1855 (in London, Stoney added three musical reviews from the Melbourne press received in the latest mails, as an appendix, 205-10).

While in Britain, in August 1856, Stoney was appointed paymaster of the 40th Regiment, and returned to Australia in 1857 to join it in Melbourne. There that year, Stoney published a novel, Reginald Mortimer (or, Truth more strange than fiction: a tale of a soldier's life and adventure). As earlier in Tasmania, he was active in Melbourne in cultural and scientific pursuits and societies. Notably in September 1857, he appeared on stage at the Theatre Royal as an amateur actor in a benefit performance for the local Orphan Asylums.

Stoney was transferred with the 40th to New Zealand in 1860, went to New Zealand, where he stayed on and settled. There in 1861 he published his New Zealand novel, Taranaki: a tale of the war.


"99TH REGIMENT", The Courier (22 December 1852), 3

"99TH REGIMENT", The Courier (25 December 1852), 2 

Captain H. Butler Stoney, the newly appointed Paymaster of the 99th Regiment, entered the service in May 1837, and served in the 19th Regiment fifteen years, having been promoted last May to an unattached company. In 1840 he proceeded to Malta with his regiment, and in 1843 was selected by the Lord High Commissioner as Resident pro tem. for the Island of Cerigo, which high office he held for seven months with much credit, having received a very flattering address on leaving from the inhabitants, and the thanks of Lord Seaton, then Lord High Commissioner; he accompanied his regiment to the West Indies in 1845, and was thanked in general orders for exertions in saving life and property during the fearful hurricane of 1847 in Tobago, and was appointed Fort Adjutant of Tobago by General Midlemore, which post he held until the regiment removed to Canada in 1848; in 1849 he returned home, being recommended again for staff employ by his Colonel, and remained Depot Paymaster till the return of Head-quarters last July.

"ARRIVALS", The Courier (18 June 1853), 2

"MILITARY SETTLERS", The Courier (13 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

"THE DELACOURT BOUQUET", The Courier (14 November 1854), 2

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (21 February 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 September 1857), 8

"OBITUARY", Auckland Star (12 July 1894), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Tony Marshall, "Henry Butler Stoney - author, soldier, settler", Papers and Proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 63/1 (April 2016), 26-48;dn=248674078637534;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

"Henry Butler Stoney", Design & Art Australia Online

STORR, Madame de (Madame de STORR; Madame Arthur de STORR)

Harpist, painter, artist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by April 1853; Sydney, NSW, by June 1853; Launceston, TAS, by March 1854
Departed Launceston, TAS, 30 May 1854 (per John King, for Mauritius) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Artist and musician, Madame de Storr and her husband Arthur, "a professor of French language" but principally apparently a merchant trader, had lived at various places in the Pacific basin - including Penang, India, Singapore, Brazil, and Chile - for over a decade before they arrived in Melbourne early in 1843.

Mrs. De Storr first advertised exotic merchandise for sale from the Misses Burney's school in Melbourne in April 1853. She and her husband had arrived in Sydney by 1 June 1853, when she advertised:

MADAM DE STORR, from Paris, Harpist, pupil of Bochsa, begs to announce to the nobility, gentry, and dilettant[i] of Sydney, that she has arrived in this city, after having made a successful tour through India and South America, in which countries she has been specially honoured by the distinguished patronage of his Majesty the Emperor of Brasil, his Excellency the Governor-General of India, the King of Lahore, the Great Mogul, Lord Gough, &c. Madame de Storr is making arrangements for a grand Concert, which she intends to give at the Royal Victoria Theatre, on which occasion she will secure the aid of all the available musical talent of Sydney.

She later also advertised as a portrait painter. She sailed to Melbourne in January 1854, was in Launceston from March (advertising as "harpist to H.R.H. the Duchess of Berry" [her teacher Bochsa had been harpist to the duc de Berri]) until June.

In her research in the Erard archive, Rosemary Hallo (2014, 54) found that an Erard harp "number 4886" advertised for sale by auction in Sydney on 20 November 1852, had been built on 17 March 1835, and sold in Paris in July that year, the owner apparently a Madame de Storr. If it is the same person, her harp landed in Australia, probably unbeknown to her, a full year before her own arrival.


[Advertisement], The Singapore free press and mercantile advertiser (5 January 1843), 1 

PORTRAITS. MADAME DE STORR, a pupil of the celebrated David of Paris, has the honor to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Singapore, that she takes Likenesses in Oil of every size, and on the most moderate terms; she also takes Portraits in Crayons (au pastel) in two sittings, at Drs. 15 for each Likeness, of which, as of the former, she guarantees the most perfect resemblance. Madame De Storr resides at the London Hotel, and her stay at Singapore will not be protracted beyond the occasion of the Musical Soiree, which she proposes to give, and for which she will shortly issue a Subscription Circular. Singapore, 26th Decr. 1842.

[Advertisement], The Singapore free press and mercantile advertiser (19 January 1843), 3 

Madame DE STORR'S Concert came off last night and was attended by the elite of Singapore Society. The music was chiefly selected from the Operas of Rossini and Bellini, and the performance of Madame De Storr upon the Harp, which instrument she plays in a way peculiar to herself, delighted the audience, especially the Chinese. The Evening's entertainment ended with a raffle The prize a splendid painting of Roustan, the Emperor Napoleon's favorite Mameluke, was obtained by a young man who seemed highly pleased with his good future.

"BENGAL. SHIPPING", Allen's Indian Mail, and Register of Intelligence (25 February 1845), 87-88 

PASSENGERS ARRIVED . . . [2 January ? 1844] Per Royal Sovereign, from Penang. - Madame De Storr.

[Report of proceedings] Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal (March 1845), xxxiv-v 

Read the following letter to the Society:-

Monsieur Torrens, Secretaire de la Societt Asiatique a Calcutta. Monsieur, - Madame de Storr a l'intention de publier, a la fin de chaque mois une livraison de quatre costumes litographies and colories, des different peuples que l'on rencontre a Calcutta; Je desire beaucoup, en regard de chaque costume, faire paraitre une notice indicative des moeurs et habitudes de celui qui le porte. Mais etant depuis trop peu de terns dans le pays, je n'ai pas acquis assez de connaissances pour decrire avec verite des coutumes dont je n'ai entendu parler que vaguement . . . Votre tres humble et obeissant Serviteur, A. B. de Storr. Calcutta, 21st Feb. 1845.

The Secretary stated that he had allowed M. De Storr to have from the library one volume at a time of each of the works applied for, as he deemed it incumbent on the Society to give every aid in its power to works of the kind proposed.

"CHINA &c. SHIPPING"", Allen's Indian Mail, and Register of Intelligence (17 December 1851), 

PASSENGERS ARRIVED . . . Per Philomena - Capt. and Mrs. Fales and child, Miss Murphy, M. and Madame de Storr.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 April 1853), 8

FOR SALE. REAL Cashmere shawls from India . . . Pocket handkerchiefs from Manila . . . Japan lacquered boxes . . . Apply to Mrs. de Storr, at Misses Burney's school, Flinder's lane, east, between Mr. Kerr's residence, and Mr Ramsay's chapel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (2 June 1853), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1853), 2

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 June 1853), 2 

On Tuesday evening the Victoria Theatre was attended by a most select and fashionable assembly, attracted by the splendid programme issued by the above-named lady, and which included the names of the most popular artistes in the metropolis. The Band of the 11th Regiment attended on the occasion. Of the "stars" of the night it is alone necessary to speak; and but few words will be needed to record our opinion. The lady's proficiency on the harp may have won for her a professional appointment to the Duchess De Berri; but the effect of her performance upon our weak nerves - heightened though it was by spectacles, wig, and pink gingham - was anything but "stunning." We were not electrified, or - as Uncle Sam would express himself - "struck all of a heap." In brief, we "dropped down" - having unfortunately heard a harp played before, in our time. "Signor Caranzani, (1st violin to H. M. the King of Sardines,) though a queer looking fish, acquitted himself most satisfactorily, he is unquestionably master of that most difficult of instruments, and his execution is unusually brilliant. We were decidedly pleased with the Signor. Our fair friends, Mesdames Flower and Carandini, amply atoned for the disappointment generally expressed relative to "de Storr" of the evening; and the brothers Howson most ably seconded the endeavours of the ladies. The tootle-tooing of Mons. Longchamp, inasmuch as it was gratuitous, must not be cavilled at. "Never look a gift horse in the mouth," is an adage as old as the first present on record, viz.-that of Eve's first-born to his father. Mr. Evans Sloper's masterly performance on the Saxe Hore [sic] elicited much and deserved applause. The entertainments were prolonged almost to too late an hour; too much of a thing, however good, is surfeiting.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (18 March 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (6 May 1854), 3 

"PORT OF LAUNCESTON", Colonial Times (3 June 1854), 2

DEPARTURES. May 30 - . . . Barque John King, S. Ellis, for Mauritius. Passengers - Captain Cruanc, M. De Storr, Madame De Storr, Mr. N. M. Ellis . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Estudos brasileiros (1942), 110

. . . Madame de Storr tambem concorria no magistério artístico: dava liçoes de musica e harpa, de que fôra distinta aluna do célebre Bochsa. Fizera as delícias dos salões de París e Nápoles. Esta senhora foi muito apreciada tambem no Rio de de Janeiro, onde deu um concerto, a que se referiu o Jornal do Commercio de 10 de Agosto de 1840.

Orchard 1952, 51

A harpist, Madame de Storr, and a good singer, St. John Adcock, were active at this period, but more important was the arrival in that year [1853], via Hobart, of Charles S. Packer, pianist, organist and composer . . .

Eugenio Pereira Salas, Estudios sobre la historia del arte en Chile republicano (Santiago: Ediciones de la Universidad de Chile, 1992), 58

. . . Este sistema, precursor de la fotografía, fue conocido en Chile, y aún en 1842 puede leerse en la prensa los avisos de Madame de Storr, que se dice alumna de David, y que en su taller de la calle de Huérfanos ofrece "retratos de perfil hechos con máquinas".

Hallo 2014, 54, 79, 101-04, 200, 202 (DIGITISED)


Precentor (Presbyterian)

Active Sydney, NSW, c. early 1830s
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1852


"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1853), 4

An inquest, held at the Three Tuns Tavern, King-street, on view of the body of Charles Strafford, then lying dead in the Sydney Infirmary. Mr. J. George Chandler stated that the deceased was his uncle; he was about forty, seven years of age, and much addicted to intemperate habits . . . He was well known to Dr. McGarvie, having, about 20 years ago, been, precentor in his church, and being at that time a man of highly respectable character . . .

STRAHAN, Edward Alfred

Organist and Professor of Music, piano tuner and repairer

Arrived Brisbane, August 1863 (from France)
Died before 1917


Musician, vocalist, organist

Born Birkenhead, England, 18 September 1845 (daughter of Silvester Diggles, second wife of Strahan)
Arrived Brisbane, November 1853
Died Kangaroo Point, QLD, 10 March 1917


[Advertisement], The Courier (19 November 1863), 3

[Advertisement], The North Australian (18 August 1864), 1

EDWARD ALFRED STRAHAN, late Organist of the Cathedral St. Pol de Leon, France, Professor of Music, Singing, and French to Mrs. Jephson's Seminary, and French Master to the Ipswich Grammar School. Residence, North Ipswich.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (4 February 1865), 1

"IPSWICH", The Brisbane Courier (23 March 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 January 1867), 1

"MR. ATKINSON'S CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (30 August 1867), 2

"MR. STRAHAN'S Concert", The Brisbane Courier (15 September 1869), 2

"RESERVED SEATS. TO THE EDITOR", The Brisbane Courier (16 September 1869), 3

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (28 December 1871), 2

"DEATH", The Brisbane Courier (14 April 1875), 2

"A SACRED CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (26 April 1902), 7

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Queenslander (7 August 1909), 35

"THE LATE MRS. STRAHAN", The Brisbane Courier (21 March 1917), 11


Bandsman (Heydecke's Band)

Active Adelaide, by 1862
Died North Adelaide, 3 May 1902, in his 74th year

STRATTON, William Henry (junior)

Bandsman, kettle-drum player

Died 1930, aged 79


"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (8 November 1862), 1s

"ADELAIDE REGIMENTAL BAND", South Australian Register (3 December 1863), 3

A meeting of the Adelaide Regimental Band Committee was held at the Staff Office on Wednesday, December 2 . . . A letter was received from Mr. W. Stratton, intimating that the members of the band of the First Adelaide Rifles were willing to enrol themselves as a regimental band on the following terms, namely, to attend, 20 drills- that is, 18 regimental drills and two reviews- gratis in one year. Also that they were willing to play in the Botanic Garden, Government Domain, or any other place they might be requested within the city after 4 o'clock p.m. for the sum of 5s. each; and also that, in addition to the instruments already belonging to the company, the band would require the regiment to provide one contra-basso saxhorn.

"THE REVIEW", South Australian Register (25 May 1864), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (10 July 1866), 3

"BANDMASTER THEODORE W. HEYDECKE", The Register (8 July 1922), 12

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1870), 2

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (5 May 1902), 4

"DEATHS", The Register (6 May 1902), 4

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (10 May 1902), 35

"LODGE VETERAN DIES", News (9 January 1930), 11

. . . As a member of a military band the late Mr. Stratton played the kettle drum.

STRAUCH, Gustavus

Bass vocalist (pupil of Lablache)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1861 (previously in NZ) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1861), 8 

. . . HERR GUSTAVUS STRAUCH, The eminent basso (pupil of Lablache), will appear on Saturday next . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (18 April 1861), 8 

Song - "Those Bright Black Eyes" (Kucken) - Herr Strauch . . .
Song - "The Wanderer" (Schubert) - Herr G. Strauch . . .
Scena - "Vieni la mia Vendetta" (Lucrezia Borgia) - Herr G. Strauch . . .
Duet - "La ci Darem" (Don Giovanni) - Madame Stuttrford and Herr Strauch . . .


Violinist (pupil of Ernst)

Born c. 1824
Reported dead, England, 1865
Died ? San Francisco, USA, ? after 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dancer (? vocalist)

Born Paris, France, c. 1827/28
Died San Francisco, USA, 9 January 1900, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 February 1853 (per Victoria, from Mauritius)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, February 1864 (per Red Rover, for London)


Strebringer arrived in Adelaide on the Victoria from Mauritius with his wife, a ballet dancer, in February 1853. As a "violinist, from the principal Opera Houses of Paris and Vienna" (possibly related, therefore, to the Vienna-based violinist Matthias Strebinger), he advertised his intention to give a concert, at which he was assisted by Mathilde Cranz and Carl Linger. He intended to return the favour by appearing for Cranz in April, but in the event sailed on, with the Victoria, for Melbourne, before her concert took place.

He first appeared in Melbourne in Fischer's orchestra for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society on 27 April, and in August gave a concert in which his wife was reportedly to appear as a vocalist.

They then moved on to Sydney, where in September, Madame Strebinger "celebrated Danseuse, from the Italian Opera, London, Paris, Madrid" appeared at the Royal Victoria Theatre.

The couple appeared regularly and toured widely during the next decade, Frederick making a last notorious appearance in the Melbourne press, in absentia, nine months after his final departure, as accused co-respondent in a divorce case:

The identification of the co-respondent was clear at the time, but it was rendered more clear by his leaving behind him his hat and violin.

He was in London in October 1865. While engaged in a theatre orchestra in Birmingham in April 1865, Strebinger reportedly went missing, and soon after reports circulated that he had died. Rather, he appears to have sailed for America, and in 1870-71 was working as a conductor in New York's Olympic Theatre.

My thanks to Kurt Ganzl (2017) for sharing his research findings


Bolton's Mauritius almanac and official directory (Mauritius: Mauritian Printing Establishment, 1852), 243

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (14 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 February 1853), 2

"M. STREBINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Morning Chronicle (4 March 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 April 1853), 2

"MELBOURNE SHIPPING ARRIVALS", Empire (18 April 1853), 2

"MUSICAL", The Argus (23 August 1853), 5

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (26 September 1853), 2

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Hobarton Mercury (3 January 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Advertiser (15 October 1864), 1

PROMENADE CONCERTS. THE STRAND MUSICK HALL WILL OPEN on MONDAY, October, 17, with a Company composed the following eminent Artistes . . . ORCHESTRA. First Violin, Principal, Herr Strebinger . . ..

[Advertisement], The Musical World (15 October 1864), 656

"LAW REPORT", The Argus (15 December 1864), 5

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE . . . To the EDITOR", Birmingham Daily Post (19 April 1865), 4

Sir, Can you afford a small space your valuable columns, to offer a trifling explanation that I consider due both the Birmingham public and myself? I had entrusted the leadership the orchestra, in connection with my Opera Company now performing at the Prince of Wales Theatre, to a Mr. Strebinger, whose name was duly announced in the prospectus. From some still unexplained cause, that gentleman has never made his appearance . . . Apologising for this intrusion, I am, sir, very obediently, J. RUSSELL . . .

"MELBOURNE NEWS (Herald)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 September 1865), 2s

We understand, from private sources, that Herr Strebinger, who was so well known in Melbourne some years ago as a violinist and orchestral conductor, expired in London in June last.

"DIED", The San Francisco Call (11 January 1900), 11 

Bibliography and resources:

"STREBINGER (MATTHIAS)", in François-Joseph Fétis, Biographie universelle des musiciens et bibliographie générale (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1870), 457

"Mon. F. Strebinger", Internet Broadway Database 



Born ? England, c.1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by August 1840
Died Fish River, NSW, 8 April 1854, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Eliza Strickland was recently arrived in Sydney in August 1840. She was variously advertised on arrival as a pupil Royal Academy of Music, a pupil of "T. Welch" [Thomas Welsh (c.1780-1848)] and Signior Lanza" [sic] [Gesualdo Lanza (1779-1859)]. She sang for the Cecilian Society and in concerts, and in November 1840 was engaged to appear on stage at the Royal Victoria Theatre until her marriage in December 1841.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 August 1840), 3

MISS E. STRICKLAND. (Pupil of T. Welsh and Signoir [sic] Lanzer) teacher of Music and Singing, No. 11 King-street, east, near Pitt-street, - Miss. S having just arrived from London, begs respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Sydney, and its environs, she is now prepared to receive a limited number of Young Ladies. Miss S. begs to impress on the minds of those friends who may feel disposed to place their Daughters under her tuition, that every care will be taken to ensure their progress in both branches of the profession, as it is her system to give her pupils a thorough knowledge in the Theory of Music and Singing, so as to enable the Pupils to play and sing the most difficult compositions.

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Colonist (3 October 1840), 3

. . . On Monday night, Mr. Wallace, the leader of the Orchestra, takes his first benefit . . . First, there will be THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Sir Walter Scott's poem dramatised.) Next, a Concert, vocal and instrumental, in which Mrs. Bushelle, Madame Gautrot, and Mrs. Clancy will assist. Miss Strickland, a pupil of the Royal Academy of music, will also sing. After the Concert there are to be dances, and then the farce HIS FIRST CHAMPAGNE. The selection is one of the best this season, and the additional attraction of the Concert will doubtless ensure Mr. Wallace a bumper.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (8 October 1840), 2

. . . The concert (so to speak) which followed gave unqualified satisfaction. Miss Strickland, a late arrival, made her first appearance in "Tell me my heart," and "Just by Twilight," both of which were very prettily sung and encored. It would perhaps be premature to express any decided opinion upon this lady's qualifications as a singer from her efforts on Monday evening, although the lady certainly did not seem deficient in confidence - an essential requisite in either singer or actor. We may, however, express our doubt whether her voice has sufficient power for the theatre, but we have no wish to decide hastily . . .

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (12 November 1840), 2

The Theatre will open for the season, on Monday evening next, and after a dull vacation lately, we feel assured that the enlivening gratification of again discussing the merits of candidates for Histrionic Fame, will be eagerly embraced by everyone. The spirited Proprietor is endeavouring to render the "corps dramatique," as effective as possible. Madame Veilburn has been engaged, and she will be a decided acquisition. It is rumoured that vocal talent (the greatest attraction to a Sydney audience) which has for so long a period been an utter stranger to the stage, is likely to be revived in the person of Miss Strickland, who has lately come amongst us, and whose exquisite powers of song, combined with her winning yet unassuming lady like deportment, have so deservedly elicited such unbounded admiration. We suggest to the Proprietor that an engagement with the above lady would render the stage particularly attractive, and at the same time remunerative - Correspondent.

"CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 December 1840) 2

We have just returned from the concert of this society, and have only time to say that, with the exception of one or two songs, it passed off remarkably well. The song of "Coming thro' the Rye" was very well sung by a young gentleman, who bids fair to be an excellent singer. "Lo thy hour approaches fast" was well executed by Miss Strickland, although we must confess the reports we had heard of her raised our expectations somewhat too high. On the whole the concert was an agreeable one. - Correspondent.

"THE THEATRE" and "CECILIAN SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (5 December 1840), 2

On Thursday evening the Theatre was well attended . . . "Tell me my Heart," was sung with much taste by Miss Strickland, who was encored . . .

The monthly Concert of the Cecilian Society took place last evening, at the old Court House, Castlereagh. street. Notwithstanding that the early part of the evening was wet, and the streets dirty, there were at least two hundred visitors present on the occasion. The performances generally were well received, and some of them were encored. The Society have of late been favoured by the assistance of Miss Strickland, whose singing last night elicited much applause. The Society can now enumerate amongst its performers, nearly the whole of the leading (males) professors of music in the Colony. Annexed is the programme of last night's performances: - Part 1. Overture, La Vestale, Spontini; Glee, the "May Fly," Calcott; Song, "the Outlaw," Loder; Duet, "March from Philtre" Pianoforte, Herz; Song, "What is ths Spell," Rooke; Song, "The knight was brave," Rossini; Chorus, "Beauty's praise," Logan; Overture, "Le Pre aux clercs," Herves; Part 2 - Overture, "Der Freischutz," Weber; Song, "The sea rover;" Glee, "Hark, Apollo strikes the lyre," Bishop; Song, "Coming through the Rye;" Song, "Lo! thy hour approaches fast," Weber; Chorus, "What equals on earth," Weber; Finalle, Mozart.

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 December 1840), 3

The Victoria was but thinly attended during the early part of Tuesday night; but filled up at half price. Madame Veilburn and her pupil, Miss Strickland, are verily highly thought oft whilst the whole of the performers seem to be industrious and successful in their separate departments.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (7 December 1841), 3

"MISS STRICKLAND", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 December 1841), 2

'DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1854), 8


Musician, band of the H.M.S. Herald

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854, 1857

But see also above Thomas Stinson [sic]


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (24 January 1854), 190 

SEAMEN who have deserted from their respective Vessels, and been reported at the Shipping Master's Office. - Warrants have been issued . . .

Tnomas Strinson, H.M.S. Herald, musician, 5 feet 5 inches, dark complexion, dark brown hair, grey eyes, aged 38, native of Bath, Somerset, England; reward £3 . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (6 November 1857), 2122 

SEAMEN who have deserted from their respective vessels, and been reported at the Shipping Master's Office, Sydney . . .

From H.M.S. "Herald" - Thomas Stinson, Musician; age, 42 years; height, 5 feet 5 inches; hair, dark brown; eyes, grey. £3 Reward . . .

STRODE, Thomas


Born c. 1812
Arrived NSW, c. 1835
Died Richmond, VIC, 1 May 1880, aged 68 (NLA persistent identifier)


In Sydney in May 1846, Strode printed Isaac Nathan's ode on Leichhardt's return, for publisher William Ford.


"Music", The Spectator (27 June 1846), 273 

Thy Greeting Home Again. A Poem on Leichhardt's Return from Port Essington. Composed by I. Nathan, Esq. Ford, Sydney; Cramer, Addison and Beale, London. 1846.

We have just received a copy of this composition which has been got up by Mr. T. Strode in a manner that reflects the highest credit on his imprimerie . . .

"CHRONICLE OF THE MONTH", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (22 May 1880), 99 

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 236 (DIGITISED)

STRONG, Georg (senior)

Tailor, musician (theatre orchestra)

STRONG, Georg (junior)

Violinist, composer


Amateur vocalist, pianist

Go to main page George Strong and family: 


Fiddler, convict, free man

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1789; Bindi, NSW, 1811

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

In July 1789, marines broke up a party and loud singing in a Sydney hut. Strong was one of seven arrested, his name annotated "fiddler". In the 1806 muster he was working for William Skinner, at his farm on the Hawkesbury River. In the 1822 muster he was a labourer at Windsor, and in the 1828 census a labourer to David Dunstone at Wilberforce. In a trial of 9 March 1811, however, he was described as a free man and a fiddler who lives on Mr. Roberts' farm at Bindi.

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 201, 209 note 45 (sic, not note 46)


1 or 2 actors, vocalists

Active Maitland, NSW, 1855; Hobart, TAS, 1855


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 February 1855), 3 

MRS. EVADNE EVANS, whose success at the Royal Victoria Theatre has been pronounced perfect.
MRS. HOWARD, from the Royal Victoria Theatre.
MR. BRUTON, from ditto ditto.
MR. STEWART, from ditto ditto.
MR. HAMMOND, from ditto ditto.
MR. RUSSELL, from ditto and California.
MR. WM. EVANS, from ditto.
THE above Artistes, from the Royal Victoria Theatre, have the honor to announce to the inhabitants of East and West Maitland, and its vicinity, that they will give
THREE THEATRICAL PERFORMANCES, at the Rose Inn, Maitland, the first of which will take place on
THURSDAY, THE 1ST MARCH, when will be presented the Nautical and Musical Comedy of
THE WATERMAN. Tom Tug - Mr. Stewart. Mr. Bundle - Mr. Hammond. Robin - Mr. Bruton.
SONG - "The Haymakers" - MR. STEWART . . . .
Theatrical Performances, AT THE "ROSE INN," MAITLAND . . . .
Mr. Steward will then commence to illustrate the loves and lamentable death of "OLLIKINS AND HIS DINAH" . . .
Descriptive Song "The Ship on Fire," by Mrs. Stewart [sic. Mr.]
The whole to conclude with a new Burlesque Extravaganza, written expressly for Mr. W. E. Evans, entitled
"Sambo Hit-em-hard," a black pot boy, cast from nature in Bronze; Mr. Wm. Evans.
"Sphinx," Mr. Steward. Rest of Characters by Company . . .
In preparation for Saturday, "Black Eyed Susan," and other novelties . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (4 September 1855), 3 

. . . Contrary to our usual practice, we sat out the farce of the "Waterman," solely with the view of testing the claims of one of the company, Mr. Stuart, who came out for the first time as "Tom Tug." We were agreeably surprised to witness his successful efforts. He sings the whole of the songs, "The Jolly Young Waterman," " Fare thee well, my trim-built wherry," and the "Bay of Biscay," in very good style, distinguished by a considerable degree of expressive action and gesture. He appeared, naturally, rather limited in the first song, but the second was pretty effectively given . . .

STUBBS, Thomas

Professor of music, flautist, composer, cricketer, "currency lad", auctioneer

Born NSW, 1802; died VIC, 1878

Go to main page Thomas Stubbs and his descendents: 

STUBBS, (William) Gibson (William Gibson STUBBS; Gibson STUBBS)

Actor, manager

Active VDL (TAS), 1840s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

STUBBS, Hannah (Mrs. STUBBS)



See Georgina Charlotte BOURN

STUTTAFORD, Charlotte (Charlotte Mary Anne PRINGLE; Mrs. Andrew STUTTAFORD; Madame STUTTAFORD; Charlotte STUTTAFORD)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, song composer, teacher of singing

Born London, England, 16 May 1829; baptised St. Mark's, Kennington, Surrey, 27 June 1830; daughter of Alexander PRINGLE and Charlotte GRANT
Married Andrew STUTTAFORD, St. John's, South Hackney, London, 15 June 1855
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 22 January 1861 (per Yorkshire, from London via Plymouth, 28 October 1860)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, August 1867 (per Great Britain, for England)
Died Toronto, Canada, 1 June 1901, aged "73" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

STUTTAFORD, Andrew (Andrew Archelaus Joseph STUTTAFORD)

Vocalist, agent

Born London, England, 15 June 1831
Married Charlotte PRINGLE, St. John's, South Hackney, London, 15 June 1855
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 22 January 1861 (per Yorkshire, from London via Plymouth, 28 October 1860)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, August 1867 (per Great Britain, for England)
Died Toronto, Canada, 1 March 1903, aged "73" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Newly arrived in the colony, she made "her first appearance in Australia" for her brother, George Pringle, at his concert in Melbourne in February 1861. She also advertised as a teacher of singing ("pupil of Signor Lablache, late of Exeter Hall, St. Martin's Hall, and Surrey Music Hall, London".

Her song The myrtle (words: G. Isaacs) was published in Melbourne in 1865 (NO COPY IDENTIFIED). According to the Argus:

Madame Stuttaford has just set a pleasing song . . . to music, which will not do discredit to our rising school of Australian composers.

Her last advertised Australian performance was as Inez in L'africaine for Lyster's opera company in July 1866.

She had moved to Ontario, Canada, by 1871, and died at Toronto, 1 June 1901.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Mark's, Kennington, in the county of Surrey in the year 1830; register, 1826-33, page 192; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1530 / June 27 / Charlotte Mary Anne / [daughter of] Alexander & Charlotte / Pringle / Russell Street, North Brixton . . .

1855, marriage solemnized in the parish of South Hackney in the county of Middlesex; register, 1831-61, page 39; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 78 / June 15th 1855 / Andrew Archelaus Joseph Stuttaford / of full ages / Bachelor / South hackney / Proctor's Clerh / [son of] Joseph Stuttaford / Gentleman
Charlotte Mary Ann Pringle / of full age / Spinster / - / South Hackney / [daughter of] Alexander Pringle / cashier . . .

"SOUTH HACKNEY CHORAL SOCIETY", The Musical World 33 (22 December 1855), 826 (DIGITISED)

The oratorio of The Creation was given by this society, assisted by the members of the London Sacred Harmonic Society, on Tuesday, in aid of the South Hackney Parochial Schools. The principal vocalists were Madame Stuttaford, Miss Holmes, Miss Teesdale, Mr. Cousins, Mr. Pousford, Mr. Kelly, and Mr. Sharp. Mr. G. R. G. Pringle, organist of South Hackney Church, was the conductor, and Mr. Bliss led the orchestra.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (28 February 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1861), 8

"CLARE", Adelaide Observer (3 January 1863), 3

Mr. and Madame Stuttaford gave their second musical entertainment on Friday evening, the 19th inst. Having recovered from the fatigue of the journey, they were in better voice than upon the preceding night, and I believe the expectations of a select audience were more than realised . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (3 June 1863), 7 

A. A. J. Stuttaford, gentleman, of Prahran. Causes of insolvency - Severe sickness and death in family, bad debt, occasioned by non-payment for services rendered by his wife as vocalist to Signor Biancbi in Victoria and New South Wales, and by himself as agent. Liabilities, £187 18s. O 1/2d.; assets, £15; deficiency, £122 18s. O 1/2d. Mr. Courtney, official assignee.

[News], The Argus (13 July 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 July 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (10 June 1867), 3 

"Deaths", Toronto Saturday Night (8 June 1901), 12 (PAYWALL)

Stuttaford - June 1st, at Toronto, Charlotte Stuttaford, aged 73 years.

"SOCIAL", Toronto Saturday Night (8 June 1901), 11 (PAYWALL)

The death of Madame Charlotte Stuttaford, at the age of seventy-three, removes a very handsome and picturesque figure from the ranks of the musical profeshon. Madame Stuttaford was a well-known singer in England, and has several times sung before royalty. She had all the beautiful manner of the old school, and was in many ways a remarkably talented woman. Mr. Stuttaford, a married daughter and three sons survive her.

"Deaths", Toronto Saturday Night (7 March 1903), 12 (PAYWALL)

Stuttaford - March 1, Toronto, Andrew A. I. Stuttaford, sr., aged 73 years.

"SOCIAL", Toronto Saturday Night (7 March 1903), 3 (PAYWALL)

The death of Andrew Stuttaford, under sad circumstances, removes from our streets a picturesque figure, and those who often admired the handsome and distinguished looking man who walked so airily through the business section day by day will miss him from a city where the commonplace type is not often relieved by the distingue personality. Madame Stuttaford, one of the famous voice culturists of the past regime, a perfect marquise in her white pompadour coiffure, and full of fascinating experiences of a great singer's career, predeceased her husband by several years.

[News], Toronto Saturday Night (7 March 1903), 10 (PAYWALL)

The unexpected dearth of Mr. Andrew Stuttaford will be very much regretted by the musical community. Mr. Stuttaford came to Toronto about 33 years ago, and was subsequently appointed deputy register of Toronto, a position which he occupied for some years, and also acted as returning officer on several occasions at the general elections. In a quiet and unostentatious way he did good service in the cause of local music in the seventies, and was always a sympathetic and indulgent critic. His wife, at one time a well-known operatic singer, settled here with him, and did educational work in teaching and also in drilling several amateur opera organizations. Both Mr. Stuttaford and his wife often gave their time and services in getting up concerts for benevolent purposes. Mr. Stuttaford leaves three sons and one daughter to mourn his loss.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 117, 125, 138

Charlotte Mary Ann Pringle, Geneanet


Vocalists (Isaac Nathan's concert)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


French horn player (Band of the 12th Regiment)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


Side drum player

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859 (Sydney University Musical Festival)


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

SULLIVAN, Charles John (Charles John SULLIVAN; C. J. SULLIVAN; Charles J. O'SULLIVAN [sic])

Professor of music, pianist

Born ? Cork, Ireland, c. 1819
Active Melbourne, VIC, by July 1853
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 May 1869, aged "about 50 years"'Sullivan+d1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY - THIRD CONCERT", Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (31 March 1836), 2

. . . These remarks have been drawn from us by the efforts of two, in particular, of the performers of Tuesday evening [29 March] - Messrs. W. GILLESPIE and CHARLES SULLIVAN - the former having composed for the occasion an Overture, which was received with considerable applause; the latter appearing for the first time in public, under auspices favorable to excite much hope of future distinction . . . We have only to observe, as far Mr. Sullivan is concerned, that the style and precision with which he performed the Piano Forte solo, selected by him, "ROSSINI's March from Otello," were so creditable as to awaken such a sentiment of admiration amongst the audience, as must supply a gratifying stimulus to his musical pursuits . . .

[Advertisement], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (29 September 1836), 3

THEATRE ROYAL. M. HENRI HERZ, Pianist and Composer to the King of France, previous to his departure for the Continent, will have the honour to give his
FAREWELL CONCERT, VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL, on MONDAY EVENING, 3d October . . . THE Concert will be concluded by a DOUBLE QUARTETT for Four Pianofortes, and Eight Performers! Executed for the first time by Messrs. STEPHENS, GILLESPIE, Sen., CARROLL, McCARTHY, COGHLAN, GILLESPIE, Jun., CHARLES SULLIVAN, and H. HERZ . . .

{News], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (4 April 1839), 2

Among the late arrivals in our city from Paris is Mr. Charles Sullivan, of whose performance on the Piano Forte, at the Philharmonic Society two years and a half since we had occasion to speak in the most laudatory terms. He is, we understand, after two years study under the best masters, materially improved in style, manner and expression as to execution, we conceived he possessed much rapidity at that time as was necessary for any first-rate performer; however, we shall soon be able to draw a comparison, as it is said he intends giving a Concert in a short time, on which occasion we are sure his fellow citizens (who are always ready and willing to encourage and support the talented stranger) will give him substantial proofs of the estimation in which they hold native talent.

[Advertisement], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (13 April 1839), 3

PIANO FORTE. MR. CHARLES J. SULLIVAN begs to inform the Nobility, Gentry, his Friends and the Public that he has returned for a short period from Paris, where he has been during the last two years under the tuition of KALKBRENNER and HERZ, and that he will give instructions on the PIANO FORTE after the principle of those great Masters during his stay in Cork.
N.B. - For terms, &c., apply to Bowden, South Mall, and to Mrs. Richard Gillespie, Grand Parade 4, Rutland street. April 13

[News], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (13 April 1839), 3

It will seen by our advertising columns, that our talented young townsman Mr. Charles J. Sullivan, has returned from Paris, and intends for a short time imparting those first rate instructions on the Piano Forte, which he has received during a period of two years, from the first masters, to some of his young fellow-citizens as are anxious to improve themselves on that superior and delightful instrument.

"ALBERT CLUB", Cork Examiner (20 October 1841), 3

This delightful Club held its first meeting for the season on last evening, the Victoria Hotel, where about sat down to exquisitively served dinner . . . Next toast "The Lord Lieutenant and prosperity to Ireland," which was followed by trio from Donnzetti's overture to "Lucia delamermoore," by Messrs. Charles John Sullivan, Marsh and Forde, the piano, harp, and flute, performed an exquisite style . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Stephen Hale Marsh (harp)

"SERMON IN AID OF THE LANCASTERIAN SCHOOLS", Cork Examiner (16 December 1842), 2

It will be seen by the advertisement our columns of this day, that a Sermon in aid of the above institution, will be preached on next Sunday, in the South Parish Chapel, by the Very Rev. THEOBALD MATHEWS . . . We understand by the advertisement, that Mr. C. J. SULLIVAN has most kindly consented to preside at the Organ, and that Lieut. SOBOLEUSKY BRANHELDER and an efficient choir will perform several select pieces of Sacred Music.

"THE GREAT MAYHEW BANQUET", Cork Examiner (17 February 1843), 3

ON last evening this magnificent demonstration of Teetotalism in Cork came off . . . No fewer than 15 tables were placed along the hall, and at the lower end a platform was erected for the musicians, whereon was placed a grand piano, presided over Mr. Charles John Sullivan, with his usual well-known ability, and under whose direction principally the music of the evening was got up . . .

"MR. FORDE'S CONCERT", Cork Examiner (21 July 1843), 2

Mr. Forde's Concert last night was highly creditable - the attendance comprised a bright array of fashionables, who filled the commodious Saloon at Mr. Hickie's Bridge-street . . . Mr. C. J. Sullivan performed fantasias from Hertz and Rossini, with great eclat. We have not often heard a more accomplished master of the Piano Forte than Mr. Sullivan; and the flattering proofs he received of the high estimation in which his rare abilities are held, were abundant on this occasion as well as they were merited. Mr. Gillespie's accompaniments were admirable throughout . . .

"MR. C. J. SULLIVAN'S CONCERT AT THE IMPERIAL", Cork Examiner (17 January 1845), 2

We perceive by the advertisement in this day's Journal, that our gifted townsman, Mr. CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN, has announced his First Concert for Monday next, at McDowell's Imperial Room. Mr. SULLIVAN, after having mastered the first rudiments of music, and after having acquired a facility of execution on the Piano-Forte, instructed by the first Teachers which this country could afford, proceeded to Paris, where, for two years, he assiduously studied his art under the instructions and surveillance of HERTZ, KALKBRENNER, and others of equal ability and celebrity. Mr. SULLIVAN's performances on the Piano have elicited unbounded approbation, especially in a duett performed in conjunction with his master, HERTZ some time since. We trust that his fellow-citizens will, on this occasion, afford that patronage and support to a meritorious individual to which he is so well entitled, and prove though a PROPHET may not, a PIANIST may receive due honour and recompense in his own country.

"SIGNOR DE ANGELIS' CONCERT", Cork Examiner (2 April 1845), 2

We have only space to announce that this concert, which came off last evening, before a highly fashionable and select audience, was generally creditable . . . But we cannot avoid taking special notice of the splendid, the masterly, the inimitable performance of Mr. CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN, which far surpassed everything that could have been anticipated even from this really gifted artist. It was bold, free, spirited, and withal most delicate and graceful. The enthusiasm of the audience was unbounded . . .

[Advertisement], Cork Examiner (7 April 1845), 2

Mr. CHARLES J. SULLIVAN, Pupil of HERZ and KALBRENNER, has a Vacancy for some Pupils on the above admired Instrument. Mr. S. begs to assure Ladies or Gentlemen, who may entrust their children to his care, that the greatest attention, and every effort on his part, shall be exerted to impart, to them solid knowledge of Music, and an expressive, brilliant, and elegant style of Playing.
Terms, &c., to be known from Mr. S at his residence, 52, GRAND PARADE.

"MR. FORDE'S CONCERT", Cork Examiner (20 January 1847), 2

This agreeable musical event took place on Monday evening [18 January] in McDowell's large room. The audience was numerous and highly fashionable; indeed, have not witnessed for many years, so crowded an assembly of taste and fashion. The performance, as a whole, was well received . . . Mr. Forde . . . executed a Solo the flute - one of his own composition - which was as liquid and sweet-toned as ever. The style and execution of Mr. Bowden's performance the violin were, as might be expected, finished and masterly, and drew down thunders of applause. Mr. Charles J. Sullivan performed a Solo from Thalberg, on the piano. To speak of the exquisite taste and masterly science of Mr. Sullivan, would be now superfluous . . .

[Musical review], Cork Examiner (24 January 1848), 3

1. The Jamestown Quadrilles, composed and dedicated to Captain Forbes, United States Frigate, Jamestown. By Charles J. Sullivan, Cork. Duff and Hodgson.

"The Jamestown Quadrilles" are a clever set composed by a pianoforte professor of Cork, in honor of the visit of the Jamestown, American frigate. They are lively, and the rhythm is well marked; and that essential quality in music - an intelligible design, added to an easy flowing melody - bespeaks much future promise. They will become favorites with those who like to run over the keys with some appearance of brilliancy, but without the trouble of much previous practice. The harmonies are clear and correct - Court Journal.

"MUSIC", Cork Examiner (18 June 1852), 3

The Irish Exhibition Quadrilles. - By CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN, Cork. London, HENRY DISTIN.

These brilliant quadrilles form a graceful and appropriate contribution by a townsman to a department of art hitherto not represented at the National Exhibition. The only fear is lest a name taken from a temporary occasion should seem to give merely a transient and ephemeral interest to a collection, which enshrines some of the choicest specimens of our undying music. Mr. SULLIVAN has gathered together some stray, uncollected flowers of our native melody, which his fine taste enabled him to detect, and has tied them up into a charming bouquet, in which are left in doubt whether to admire more the original materials, or the ligaments of harmony, which his genius has devised. The themes are in themselves charming; and the composer has poured upon them all rich and varied colouring of a fancy familiar with the most ornate models of foreign composition, and wont to revel in the facilities of an execution, which is not to be seen to just advantage except in comparison with the most distinguished continental pianists. We not know much of the art ourselves; but the beauties of Mr. SULLIVAN's style are such as to strike even the most ignorant. We have been particularly pleased with the mode in which the melodies are introduced. They are not clumsily transferred into their new place, but are interwoven in the piece with the highest grace and delicacy - forming, if we may compare things of the eye to those of the ear, a kind of perspective, which at times appears, at others recedes, and on each return with the most beautiful effect. The popularity of M. JULLIEN's Irish quadrilles is well known; and we may with confidence predict equal success for Mr. SULLIVAN's introduction to a politer circle - to the drawing room and promenade - of a class of airs of not inferior merit, and which have the advantage of embellishment by one "to the manner born," and who is also himself a most distinguished master of the instrument, for which they are chiefly intended. The Quadrilles were played the band on Saturday, and also on Wednesday at the Exhibition, and on both occasions with great eclat. They are brought out by HENRY DISTIN, of London, in the best style of musical engraving and illustration.

We have also before a Mazurka, or Cellarius Waltz, an original composition, by the same gentleman, which does the highest credit to his talents, and which is designed particularly as an improving lesson for young performers.

"MR. CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN", Cork Examiner (20 October 1852), 3

WITH a feeling of regret at the loss of talents which were source of delight to many, we announce the intended departure of the above gentleman for Melbourne, Australia. In noticing this event, we but echo the impressions of private acquaintance, and the unanimous accord of professional judgment, when we state that, besides the manners of a perfect gentleman, and a degree of general cultivation not often found in union with special eminence, Mr. SULLIVAN will carry with him to his new residence the fame of the most accomplished and beautiful pianist of whom our country could boast. In the perfection of an art, which contributes in so great degree to domestic elegance and refinement, the opinion of the most competent has awarded him undisputed pre-eminence. Gifted with fine natural taste, and educated on the Continent by the greatest masters in his profession, he needed only an atmosphere less depressing than that of a country more fruitful of genius than able to reward it, in order to extend his reputation beyond the limits of the United Kingdom. Our columns have often recorded our sense of the beauty of his compositions, and the raptures, which, on the few public occasions that he appeared, his inspiring execution, blending with airy delicacy the most ravishing force and passion, was wont to produce. E are glad to know that the prospects held out to him are such as to qualify the regret that would occasioned by his departure under less inviting circumstances. In that golden world, where his lot is about to be cast, he will be a witness to the genius and music of Ireland, the classic forms of whose native melody he has clothed in a dress of equal harmony and fascination.

Melbourne, VIC (1853-69):

"THURSDAY CONCERT", The Argus (28 July 1853), 5 

We are glad to see that that Signor Maffei is not satisfied will one attempt, and that he is not discouraged, though the attendance last week was not so numerous as the concert deserved. To-night promises even better, for the noble piano was banished on the last occasion, but it to be restored this evening, and presided at by Mr. Sullivan, who makes his first appearance, and of whom, both as a performer and composer, we have heard a very flattering report. This will be and improvement; for many of the songs before were spoiled by the loud orchestral accompaniment. Two new vocalists, Miss Martin and Mr. Taunton, also appear for the first time. M. Paltzer is an excellent conductor, and his solo-playing is rarely excelled here.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8 

MECHANICS INSTITUTION - Weekly Concert. This Evening, Thursday 28th July . . . Vocal - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Taunton, (Their first appearance). Instrumental - Harp, Mr. Edwards (his first appearance), Violin, M. Paltzer, Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart, Pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan (his first appearance) . . .

[Advertisement], The Banner (16 September 1853), 1 

MR. WITTON, (FROM ADELAIDE,) Professor of Music and Teacher of the Piano-Forte, Guitar, and Singing, Violin, Flute, &c. respectfully announces to his patrons, pupils, and the public of Melbourne and its vicinity, that from an increase of pupils, since he commenced the active practice of his profession here, he has felt the want of assistance which he has succeeded in obtaining, in the co-operation of Mr. C. J. O'Sullivan, (pupil of Kalkbrenner & Herz,) in continuing that system of musical tuition, in which he has proved his success in communicating, for a period of twenty years; by this arrangement Mr. Witton flatters himself every possible attainment may be acquired, theory, practice, and style. WITTON'S MUSICAL REPOSITORY. Great Brunswick Street, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 October 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION . . . Mr. TAAFFE begs lave to announce . . . that he will give his Dramatic Illustrations of Popular Poetry of England, Ireland and Scotland, on Monday Evening next, 24th Inst., at 8 o'clock, when he will be assisted by a Gentleman Amateur, and Mr. Charles J. Sullivan, who will preside at the Piano-forte . . .

[Advertisement], The Banner (6 January 1854), 2 

NOTICE. THE connexion hitherto existing between me and Mr. C. J. O'Sullivan, from Cork, as Professors and Teachers of Music, ceases this date, 31st December, 1853. HENRY. JAS. WITTON, Professor of Music. Musical Repository, Collingwood.

"A MUSICIAN AT FAULT", The Argus (5 October 1855), 5 

Andrew Doyle, the landlord of the Ship Hotel, appeared at the City Court yesterday, and made complaint against Charles O'Sullivan for non-fulfilment of his agreement. The complainant stated that he had engaged the accused as pianist, at the rate of £2 and his board per week. An advance had since been demanded and acceded to. Last week O'Sullivan absented himself several nights, and this week he had not made his appearance at all. Upon inquiry he learned on Wednesday that he had engaged himself at a public-house in Collingwood. Mr. Doyle had no wish to punish the accused; he merely wished him to continue his engagement. O'Sullivan expressed his willingness to do so, on which the case was dismissed.

"CITY POLICE COURT. MINOR OFFENCES", The Age (13 July 1863), 6 

Charles J. Sullivan was fined 5s for exposing his person in the street.


Charles J. Sullivan, an old man, accused of indecent conduct in the street, was released with an admonition.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 May 1869), 4 

O'SULLIVAN. - On the 16th inst., at the Garibaldi Hotel, Little Collins-street east, Melbourne, Charles J. O'Sullivan, pianist.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (18 May 1869), 8

THE Friends of the late CHARLES J. SULLIVAN, professor of music, formerly of Cork, Ireland, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne Cemetery. Funeral to move from the Garibaldi Hotel, Little Collins street east, THIS DAY, at 1 o'clock p.m. JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring streets, Melbourne.

"INQUESTS . . . SUDDEN DEATH", Leader (22 May 1869), 13 

Another inquest was held at Emerald-hill, by Dr. Youl, Tuesday, on the body of Charles J. Sullivan, aged about fifty years, who was found dead on the 16th inst. Deceased was in the employ of Charles Lee, a publican. Deceased, who was a pianist, was intemperate and did not enjoy good health. He was playing a piano all Saturday evening, and at about one o'clock next morning he was found sitting at the piano, quite dead. The cause of death was exhaustion and disease of the lungs, and a verdict was returned to that effect.

Cork, Ireland (after 1852):

[Advertisement], Cork Examiner (4 December 1865), 2

SECOND PART . . . 5th - The Celebrated Jamestown Quadrilles,
By CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN, (one of Cork's greatest Artists), Master EDDY HARDING . . .

[Advertisement], Cork Examiner [Ireland] (18 December 1867), 1

in the SOCIETY'S HALL, Castle Street, on THURSDAY EVENING, 19th December, 1867.
4. Selection of Irish Airs, Piano, arranged by CHARLES JOHN SULLIVAN . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Charles J. Sullivan, Find a grave 

My thanks to Garret Cahill (January 2021) for kindly sharing results of his research into Sullivan's earlier career.


Musician, bandsman, private, Band of the 50th Regiment

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838

See also Band of the 50th Regiment


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (1 June 1838), 3 

A private of the band of the 50th Regt. named Dennis Sullivan, was summoned to the Police Office, yesterday (Thursday), to answer to a charge preferred against him of having used threatening language to Mr. Holmes, of George-street. Sullivan had been repeatedly detected by Mr. H. decoying his female assigned servant from the house; for which Mr. H. had complained to the Adjutant twice; he obtained no redress, but was merely told if the man again offended he should be handed over to the Civil Power . . ..

SULLIVAN, Henry Phillip

Pianist, cornet-player, schoolmaster, music teacher

Active Maitland, NSW, 1854-55; Bowral and Bethungra, NSW, c. 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Sullivan played in several Maitland concerts with Flora Harris, Sarah Bridson, and William Kellermann, in 1854 and 1855.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 March 1854), 3

Pianoforte and Cornet-a-Piston. MR. HENRY PHILLIP SULLIVAN begs leave to announce to the Inhabitants of Maitland, that having a portion of his time dis-engaged, he will be happy to give instructions on the above instruments to a limited number of pupils. Terms, &c., may be ascertained on application to Mr. Sullivan, at the Rose Inn, West Maitland.

[2 advertisements], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (7 April 1855), 3 

Scholastic. MR. HENRY PHILLIP SULLIVAN begs leave to inform his PUPILS that the duties of his SCHOOL will be resumed on Wednesday, the 11th instant . . .

Pianoforte and Cornet-a-Piston. MR. H. P. SULLIVAN will receive a limited number of PUPILS for the above instruments, at his residence, Abbot-street, West Maitland, where terms and further particulars may be ascertained.

"Electoral Revision Court", Cootamundra Herald (27 June 1894), 5 

BETHUNGRA DIVISION . . . Henry Phillip Sullivan, music teacher (a transfer from Bowral) . . .


Bandsman, band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

SUMMERHAYES, Cecilia Elizabeth (Madame Cecilia SUMMERHAYES; Madame SUMMERHAYES; Mrs. Alfred George ANDERSON)


Born Taunton, Somerset, England; baptised St. Mary, Taunton, 23 April 1840
Married Alfred George ANDERSON, Taunton, 27 August 1864; divorced 1877
Arrived Sydney, NSW, September 1879 (from Plymouth, 17 July)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1929


SUMMERHAYES, Gertrude (Emma Gertrude Cecilia Anderson SUMMERHAYES)


Born England, 13 June 1873; baptised St Michael and All Angels, Ladbroke Grove, 15 June 1873



"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1879), 3

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1879), 2

"MADAME CECILIA SUMMERHAYES", The Argus (24 October 1922), 11

"MISS SUMMERHAYES", Cairns Post (28 July 1928), 4

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 August 1931), 1


Composer, organist, music educator

Born Charlton Mackrell, Somerset, England, 1839
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 December 1865 (per Royal Standard, from Liverpool, 22 October)
Died Perth, WA, 10 October 1917 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Summers was a chorister at Wells Cathedral, studied under Gauntlett and Sterndale Bennett, read music at Oxford around 1863, and held organist posts. He married Constance (also Summers) in 1863, and late in 1865 they arrived in Victoria, where his brother, sculptor Charles Summers, had been since 1854. On the voyage out passengers mounted a production of Macbeth for which the "musical business was under the superintendence of Mr. Joseph Summers, bachelor of music".

In August 1867 Summers, Julius Siede, and St. John Caws were deputed by the Victorian Musical Association to make musical arrangements for the reception of the Duke of Edinburgh. One result was his Galatea secunda ("new cantata expressly composed; words R. H. Horne), in September 1867 (a year earlier Summers had set Horne's Threnodia O cruel sea! whose wild embrace); another, in May 1868, his New ode ("Bearing on the subject of the Attempted Assassination of Prince Alfred") (libretto: Rev. Dr. Bromby) (1 Address to the Deity; 2 Assassination Scene; 3 Jubilation; 4 Australia's Prayer).

Summers was organist of St. Peter's, Eastern Hill (1868-79), and All Saints, St. Kilda (until 1896). From 1867, he was an examiner and later "state inspector of singing" for the Education Board.

Court proceedings against Summers in 1871 for conspiracy to defraud a mining company forced him into insolvency in 1872.

In August 1874 Summers and Henry Hughes gave interesting specialist evidence for defence in libel case brought against the Herald for an anonymous critique (actually by Marcus Clarke) of a "mutilated" local production of Offenbach's Princess of Trebizonde.

The fact that his Victorian National Anthem, to words by Gordon McCrae (1879), was being taught in schools drew a criticism of its quality in January 1880. In 1890 he was awarded a doctorate of music by the archbishop of Canterbury.

In May 1891 he was before the courts again for irregularities in his mining dealings, was insolvent again in October, and after a government inquiry into claims of misappropriation was forced to relinquish his departmental post In 1893 he sued The Age over a satirical review of a performance he conducted of Haydn's The creation.

In March 1897 he moved to Perth, WA, where he continued to compose, teach, conduct and court controversy, not least litigation over his collaboration on a dramatised Milton oratorio The two worlds (1900). Among his late minor works were a "new Australian National Anthem", King Jarrah (1913), and An Australian madrigal (1914).


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (30 December 1865), 4

"THE BROOKE MEMORIAL FUND", Launceston Examiner (12 May 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (5 October 1866), 4

[News], The Argus (8 August 1867), 4

[News], The Argus (20 September 1867), 5

"GALATEA SECUNDA", The Argus (4 October 1867), 5

"MR. SUMMERS'S NEW ODE", The Argus (25 May 1868), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1868), 8

"THE ALFRED MEMORIAL CONCERT", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

"CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD", The Argus (18 March 1871), 6

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (11 July 1872), 5

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM", The Argus (22 August 1874), 10



"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (31 December 1885), 6

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (3 May 1890), 4

"LEGAL NOTES", The Argus (15 May 1891), 6

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Argus (6 October 1891), 6


"A MUSICAL LIBEL ACTION", The Argus (15 July 1893), 15

"NEWS IN BRIEF", The Daily News (15 March 1897), 2

"THE TWO WORLDS", Western Mail (2 June 1900), 58

"AN AUSTRALIAN MUSICIAN'S MEMORIES", The West Australian (9 July 1910), 12

"IS IT A GENUINE RUBENS?", The Advertiser (20 June 1913), 9

"KING JARRAH. A NEW ODE", The Daily News (10 October 1913), 6

"ANOTHER", The Daily News (13 March 1914), 7

"PEEPS AT PEOPLE", Sunday Times (14 October 1917), 13

A remarkable and notable character passed out last week when Musical Dr. Summers smote his last chord. The doctor died at a very advanced, age. and though a marvellously brilliant theorist has left little in the way of haunting melody and majestic measure that will recall his venerable personality. As a master of the technical side of the divine art, Dr. Summers was unapproached in this State, albeit his best work was done long before he came West. It is a long time ago since the present writer, then a small knickerbockered boy at Oldham's State school, South Melbourne, studied, or tried to study, amid pellets of chewed blotting-paper and vocal fireworks, the blackboard crotchets and quavers of the now late-lamented maestro, and it is also a long time since he next met him, when he (Dr. S.), with Father Duff and the local girl-composer, Flora Murchison, was in the throes of evolving The Two Worlds. More anon of dear old Dr. Summers, a kindly old soul gone whom it is hoped the harps won't twang out of tune and worry his sensitive spook.

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 October 1917), 1

Selected musical and literary works:

Weep not (sacred song; words: Eliza Postle; in memory of the son of Rev. A Cairns, Melbourne, 1866) 

Postle entered "music" to the Victorian committee for the 1866 Intercolonial & Paris Exhibitions, see The Argus (21 August 1866), 5:

Galatea Secunda (an odaic cantata addressed to H.R.H. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, on his first arrival in the colony of Victoria; written by Richard Hengist Horne; the music composed by J. Summers) (Words only; Melbourne: Printed for private circulation, 1867)

Music and musicians: personal reminiscences, 1865-1910 (Perth: Galwey Printing Company, 1910) 

Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, "Summers, Joseph (1839-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


? Amateur musician, band leader

Active Launceston, TAS, 1860


"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (10 March 1860), 2 

Last evening a new band of juvenile musicians who have for some little time past been under the instruction of Mr. Summerville performed for the first time in public. They marched up Wellington-street and played several marches in a creditable manner, considering the short time they have been under tuition and that some of them previously had but a very slight knowledge of music. The band has taken the name of the "Tasmanian Band."


Teacher of music

Active NSW, 1861


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 March 1861), 1 

SUMNER, Joseph Charles

Clergyman, church singer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1835
Died Parramatta, NSW, 17 October 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Campbelltown (From a Correspondent)", Sydney Chronicle (2 September 1846), 2-3

Our little town, was quite alive on Wednesday last, that being the day appointed for the celebration of high mass, which took place with great solemnity. The church was crowded at an early hour, and numbers of persons, of difierent persuasions, might be seen wending their way to St. John's Church, which was thronged in every part; and shortly after the hour stated, the solemn service commenced . . . [3] . . . After the sermon high mass was proceeded with, the Rev. Mr. Sumner kindly assisting in the choir. I am happy to add testimony to the efficiency of our band of singers, who, although very young, acquitted themselves with great credit and ability, conducted by Mr. Grobety, who presided at the organ . . .


[Columbus Fitzpatrick], "REMINISCENCES OF CATHOLICISM IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY (To the Editor of the Goulburn Argus.)", Freeman's Journal [Sydney, NSW] (25 November 1865), 741

. . . Oh! it makes my heart thrill when I think of those happy days. I have since then heard the organ of Saint Mary's; I have seen Dr. Reid, who was a great man, assisted by his sisters, and Miss Lane and a great body of singers, but they could not equal the choir formed by Mr. Richenberg. I never heard anything like it except once - that was the day on which our venerated Archbishop first landed in Sydney. On that occasion Dr. Ullathorne, new Bishop of Birmingham, had made every preparation for a grand High Mass, and poor Cavendish (who was drowned with his sister off Bradley's Head in after years) had charge of the choir; he exerted himself to the utmost and secured the assistance of a great cantatrice (Mrs. Rust) who happened to be in the colony at that time. Mr. Clarke the architect who was a fine singer also lent his aid, and those with the assistance of the regular choristers quite astonished the Bishop. Dr. Polding was only Bishop at that time and he did not expect to hear Mozart's Mass sung in Botany Bay, and well sung too: he was accompanied by several rev. gentlemen, some of whom were fine singers, amongst those were the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who afterwards went home, and the Rev. Mr. Sumner, who was the first priest ordained in these colonies. He could sing very sweetly at that time, but neither these nor the Rev. Mr. Watkins, who took charge of the choir, could ever equal Mr. Richenberg's choir, for he had so many bandsmen, and they played with such precision that finer music could not be found out of Europe.

"DEAN SUMNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1871), 6 

SUMNER, Theodotus John (Theodotus John SUMNER; Mr. T. J. SUMNER)

Amateur vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Born Liskeard, Cornwall, England, 4 May 1820; baptised Wesleyan chapel, Liskeard, 22 June 1820; son of John Sumner and Sarah Stone
Active VIC, by 1846
Married Sarah Jones PEERS (1829-1929), VIC, 1852
Died Brunswick, VIC, 20 April 1884, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Jones Peers (father-in-law, d. 1850)


Methodis register of births and baptisms, 1820, register to 1828, fol. 115; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 919 / Theodotus John the son of John Sumner, minister for the borough and in the parish of Liskeard in the county of Cornwall and of Sarah his wife, who was the daughter of John and Ann Stone, was born at Liskeard on the fourth day of May in the year [1820] . . . and was also solemnly baptized . . . on [22 June 1820] . . .

SUMPH, Mr. (Mr. SUMPH ? spelling)


Active Beechworth, VIC, 1858


"POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 January 1858), 2 

Thursday, January 14th, 1858. (Before Matthew Price, Esq., P. M.) . . . Sumph v. Warbeck. A claim for £2 6s. 6d for services rendered as a musician. Defendant tried to put in a set off for liquor which his Worship disallowed. Verdict for plaintiff.



Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850

SUMSION, William (? William James SUMSION)


? Born ? Ireland, c.1820
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 April 1849 (per Calphurnia, from London, 10 December 1848)
Active Adelaide, SA, ? by 1850 (if the above); by 1861 or 1862
? Died Norwood, SA, 6 May 1904, in his 85th year


A Wm. Sumsion arrived in Adelaide from Britain in 1852; a William Sumsion was first positively listed as a clarinettist in 1862. Whether or not that William Sumsion was the same person as the oboist listed in 1850 is unclear. Possibly there were two different musicians.


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (3 July 1850), 2 

MONSTER CONCERT . . . In aid of the Funds of the GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL . . . Trombone, Mr. Hewett; Oboe, Mr. Sumsion; Ophicleide, Herr Huenerbein; Drums. Mr. Barnett . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (4 October 1851), 1 

GRAND CONCERT . . . Vocal and Instrumental Performers. - Mrs. Murray and Madame Francesca Allen; Messrs S. W. Wallace, F. Ellard, Daniels, Mitchell, Bancroft, Geo. Bennett, Lee, Chapman, Cobbins, Hunerbein, Mater, Sumsion, Barnett, &c.; together with the whole of the members of the Choral Society and German Chorus . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1852), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion . . .

"NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1861), 3

. . . the whole company, comprising seven female and 14 male voices, and 11 instrumental performers, viz.-one cornopean, Mr. Mcculloch; one clarionet, Mr. Sumsion; two flutes, Messrs. Spiller and Proctor; five violins, Messrs. Chapman, Finniss, Chapman, jun., and Schrader ; one bass viol, and one double bass . . .

"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", The South Australian Advertiser (7 November 1862), 3

. . . WEST ADELAIDE BAND. - Schmidt, Eb Clarionet; W. Sumsion, Bb Clarionet . . .

"OPENING OF PARLIAMENT", South Australian Register (28 May 1864), 2

. . . Band - F. Heydecke, W. H. Heydecke, H. Schrader, J. Schrader, R. White, G. Vincent, D. H. Weidenhofer, W. Sumsion, Jno. Waite, W. Stratton, Morris, Frank Fletcher, J. W. Allison, and W. H. Stratton . . .

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (9 May 1904), 4 

The late Mr.William James Sumsion, whose death look place at Beulah road, Norwood, on Friday, was for many years connected with the higher branches of Masonry . . . Mr. Sumsion, who was held in high esteem by a large circle of friends, was for many years in business at Norwood. He had reached his eighty-fifth year . . .

SÜSSMILCH, Bernhard (Christian Bernhard SUSSMILCH; Christian Bernhardt SUSSMILCH)

Tenor vocalist, flute player, conductor

Born c.1829/30
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1858/59
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1905, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baritone vocalist

SÜSSMILCH, Emmy (Emily; Emmy; Emma SUSSMILCH; Mrs. ALLARD)


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1892
Died Burwood, Sydney, NSW, 16 February 1932


"GERMAN IMMIGRATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1858), 4 

[Advertisement], Empire (5 July 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1862), 1

"DR. CHAS. HORN'S AND MR. M. H. WILSON'S CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1865), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1869), 1

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 12

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 6

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Telegraph (9 January 1905), 5 

Mr. Christian Bernhardt Sussmilch, an old resident of Sydney, died at his residence, Woolloomooloo, yesterday. The deceased gentleman was a member of the German Club. He was identified also with the musical profession for many years, and was regarded us a successful teacher.

"AUSTRALIANS IN ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1905), 5

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1910), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1932), 10 

SUTCH, George (senior)

Musician (The European Band), harpist, band leader, street musician, itinerant musician

Born London, England, c.1830/31 (son of John SUTCH and Mary LEE)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1857 (bandsman per European)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 16 November 1892, aged 62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SUTCH, George Albert (G. A. SUTCH; G. SUTCH, junior; George SUTCH)


Born Sydney, NSW, 1859
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 7 October 1923, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



? Active 1859

SUTCH, William George (W. G. SUTCH)


Born Carlton, VIC, 20 October 1887 (son of George Albert SUTCH)
Died Ascot Vale, VIC, 4 October 1944


It would appear that George Sutch senior arrived in Sydney in 1857 as a band musician on board the steamship European. From an address near Wynyard-square, in 1858 and 1859 he acted as agent for local offshoots of the ships' bands, the European Band proper, and a sub-group called the London Quadrille Band, which he appears to have run for a while with violinist George Arnold.

Probably in 1859, Jacob Clarke published what appears to be a local production, the ballad Norah McShane "arranged by W. D. Sutch" with an accompaniment equally suitable for pianoforte or harp. This was perhaps George's elder brother, William Sutch (c.1826-1887), a London musician, who may also have been in Australia, but if so only briefly, as he was in London for the 1861 and 1871 censuses.

In June 1862, Sutch was manager of the Prince of Wales Dancing Academy, with John Gibbs as leader of the band.

George senior, as a harpist, and George junior, as violinist, were active in New Zealand, 1868-70, in Tasmania in 1871-72, and later in Melbourne.

George junior was still active as leader of the orchestra at the King's Theatre, Melbourne, in April 1911, and, his son, W. G. Sutch, was a Melbourne violinist in 1915 and later.


1851 English Census, Parish of Marylebone

226-27 / 15 Gray Street / John McPherson / coachbuilder [householder, lodging house] . . .
John Connell / lodger / 20 / Musician . . . George Sutch / lodger / 20 / " [Musician] / " [born Marylebone]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1857), 1

IF this should meet the eye of WILLIAM BUTT, of Southampton, you are requested to communicate with G. SUTCH, Musician, on board the R. M. Steamship European, now in Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1858), 1

NOTICE.-The European Band are open to attend balls, picnic parties, dinners, processions, &c., &c. Country engagements promptly attended to. Address Mr. J. BISHOP, musician, 395, Castlereagh-street South; and at Mr. G. SUTCHS, musician, No. 16, Union-street, Erskine-street, Wynyard-square.

[Advertisement,] The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD). are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments - 1st violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, harp, bass, side drum, &c. For the above band address G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16. Union-street. N.B.-Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8 

[Advertisement], Empire (7 June 1862), 1

PRINCE OF WALES DANCING ACADEMY.- Doors open, THIS NIGHT, at half past seven o'clock.. Admission, 1s. each. Manager - Mr. G. SUTCH; Leader of the Band - J. GIBBS; M.C. - E. McLEAN.

[Advertisement], Westport Times (21 December 1868), 3 

[Advertisement], Star (7 October 1870), 3

TOMORROW NIGHT! . . . MECHANICS' HOTEL AND MUSIC HALL. The Best Liquor ! The Best Company ! The Best Music ! Mr G. Sutch, Harpist; Master St. George Sutch, Violin - The Little Wonder; Mr D. Mason, The Celebrated Step Dancer; Mr. J. Kennedy, The Celebrated Irish Vocalist; Mr. W. F. Wye. ..Sentimental Vocalist. Doors open 7 1/2, to commence at 8. ADMISSION FREE.

[Advertisement], Star (15 December 1870), 1 

FORRESTERS' HALL. ANNIVERSARY DAY. PROMENADE BALL. MR. SUTCH'S QUADRILLE BAND, Consisting of the following Instruments:- Leader (First Violin) Mr. Schmidt; Second Violin, Master G. A. Sutch;, Cornet, Mr. P. Linn; Harp, Mr. G. Sutch; Double Bass, Mr. Thorn. Dancing to commence at 9 o'clock sharp. Admission, 3s.

"CONCERT", Cornwall Advertiser (21 November 1871), 2 

The talented Musicians who some few weeks since excited so much notice by their performances in the streets of Launceston, have been on a visit to Hobart Town, where they have given several very successful concerts, and been largely patronised. They have now returned to Launceston, and will give a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music in the Mechanics' Hall on Monday evening next. The company includes Mr. G. Sutch, harpist; Mr. W. Cowley, vocalist; and Master G. A. Sutch, a very clever young violinist. The entertainment will be a superior one.

"CONCERT IN THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (28 November 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (16 December 1871), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1874), 11 

HARP, double action, In good playing order Price, £25 G. Sutch, musician, 51 Lygon-street, Carlton.

[Advertisement], The Age (17 April 1875), 1

HARP, single action, modern, Erard, first-rate order, for. SALE. G. Sutch, musician, 163 Lygon-street, Carlton.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1878), 12

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1892), 1

SUTCH. - On the 16th inst., after a long and painful illness, at his residence, No. 44 Prince's-street, Fitzroy, George, the dearly-beloved husband of Virginia Sutch, and father of G.A. Sutch, professor of music, of North Carlton, aged 62 years.

"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (15 July 1893), 10 

The plan of reserved seats in the Athenaeum-hall for the season of Melbourne Popular Concerts that will commence on Wednesday evening next is now open at Messrs. Allan and Co.'s, and, judging by appearances, Herr Benno Scherek will not have cause to complain of a paucity of subscribers. The first programme is to be an attractive one, including as it will Schubert's quintet in A major, op. 114 ("The Trout"), for pianoforte, violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass; Haydn's string quartet in G; and Beethoven's sonata "Patetica." Herr Scherek will himself preside at the piano, and the quartet party will be Mr. Geo. Weston, Mr. George Sutch, Herr Schacht, and Mr. George E. Howard. Madame Anna Steinhauer will sing Schubert's "Die Florelle" (the Trout) song, and Mr. Charles Saunders, a young English tenor whose arrival in Melbourne was mentioned in The Argus last month, will make his first appearance here.

"The Fatal Card", Table Talk (21 June 1895), 6 

Mr. Percy Kehoe, who now counts upon Mr. Mozart Phillips and Mr. George Sutch as his leaders, has made the music of The Fatal Card a matter of special importance.

[Advertisement], Fitzroy City Press (28 April 1911), 2

[Advertisement], The Essendon Gazette (11 February 1915), 2



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 October 1859), 3

AURORA AUSTRALIS, new polka, beautifully printed in colours. Published by Edward Arnold, 60 Elizabeth street.

[News], The Argus (21 November 1859), 5

We have received a new piece of dance music, entitled "The Aurora Australis Polka," by Mr. J. Sutherland, published by Mr. Ed. Arnold, Elizabeth-street. Without displaying very striking originality or very brilliant talent in the composer, it is decidedly pleasing music, an excellent polka for dancing to, and, as a Melbourne production, does credit both to composer and publisher.

Musical work:

Aurora Australis polka (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [1859]) 


Musician, clarinet player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841


"THE EMIGRANT'S ANNUAL BALL", Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1841), 2 

On Friday night last, the fifth anniversary of this festival took place at Mr. Clarke's dancing academy, King-street, and went off in a style that reflected much credit upon the stewards. About eight o'clock the musicians occupied the tastefully decorated orchestra . . . About half-past nine the ball was commenced with a country dance, led off by one of the stewards, which was admirably gone through, and followed by the first set of quadrilles; the next was a Spanish waltz, which was pretty fairly gone through; then came the lanciers and were well danced; but in the triumph, country dance, which followed, I assert that nothing I have seen for years could excel the precision, which appeared to be in a great degree attributable to the just and well arranged music of the leader, Mr. Cornish, supported by Mr. Sutton on the clarionet, with which the other instruments formed a band of nine . . . - Correspondent.

SUTTON, Richard Henry


Born 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1861
Died Ballarat, VIC, 1876


[Advertisement], The Star (29 May 1857), 1s

[Advertisement], The Star (29 October 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (23 September 1862), 3

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 113, 183

[Advertisement of probate], The Argus (4 October 1876), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (13 May 1893), 10

"BALLARAT", The Argus (12 March 1894), 6

"OLD ESTABLISHED MUSIC FIRM", The Argus (23 October 1936), 17

The history of Suttons Pty. Ltd., the music warehouse, goes back many, many years before the firm observed, about 30 years ago, the rapid advance of the town of Geelong, and decided to establish itself there. Suttons, in fact, dates from about 1853 when Mr. Richard Henry Sutton arrived in Melbourne with his young wife and daughter from England. Since that time Suttons has been associated with the sale of music and musical instruments on the goldfields at Ballarat, and afterwards in the rising town of Ballarat, at several familiar places in the city of Melbourne and at Geelong. Indeed, the history of the firm is the history of music, musical Instruments, and musical fashions in the last 70 or 80 years.

"GENERAL SUMMARY", Camperdown Chronicle (30 July 1912), 4

Bibliography and resources:

George Sutton, R. H. Sutton, 1854-1954 ([Melbourne: Suttons, 1954)

Richard Henry Sutton, Esq. 1830-1876, an abridged history of the earlier activities of the Sutton family, compiled by George Sutton from notes and information supplied by the late Mrs. Walter Sutton and the late Alfred Sutton, Esq.


Professor of the pianoforte, solfeggio, English and Italian operatic singing, &c.

Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? May 1851


Swain came to Sydney "from London, via New York". Early in May 1851, he offered his services as a music teacher, but later in the month added that he:

. . . respectfully offers his services as an experienced Tunist, &c.; he will tune square pianos for four shillings, cabinet for four and sixpence, and grand for five shillings.

In June, Arthur Graveley advertised:

SINGING FOR THE MILLION. MR. STEVENS having resigned his connexion with the People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody, the Committee beg to announce the Mr. Swain, late of the Chapel Royal, Windsor, a gentleman just arrived in the colony, has accepted the professorship, and will meet the classes . . .

However, Swain was in Hobart by November. According to his advertisements, he was "formerly a member of the Chapel Royal, and has followed the profession upwards of eighteen years. The following testimonials are by Judge Thornton, of Supreme Court of Alabama; Mr. Mitchell, Lay-Vicar of Windsor, and Organist of Eton;  and Mr. McGwinn, Recorder of San Francisco."

He was almost certainly the "Mr. Swaine" billed the Melbourne Thursday and Saturday concerts early in 1852. He was in New Zealand early in 1853.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1851), 1

VOCAL. - MR. SWAIN, Professor of the Italian and English systems of Solfeggio singing, in all its branches, pianoforte, thorough-bass, &c. Morning classes of any number attended at schools, or private families, on moderate terms. Mr. S. is likewise an experienced tuner of pianos. He will tune squares for 4s. each, cabinet 4s. 6d, and grands 6s., and sing a good song afterwards, accompanying himself when desired so to do. Residence, Mrs. Shaw's boarding-house, corner of Macquarie-place and Bridge-street.

[Advertisement]: "SINGING", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 November 1851), 1

[Advertisement]: "MUSIC. MR SWAIN", Colonial Times (2 December 1851), 4

"Shipping Intelligence", Colonial Times (10 February 1852), 2

"THE WEEKLY CONCERT", The Argus (26 February 1852), 2 

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (4 March 1852), 3 

"THE SATURDAY CONCERT", The Argus (6 March 1852), 3 

"CONCERT", The Southern Cross (7 January 1853), 2

It will be seen, on reference to our advertizing pages, that a Concert of Vocal Music is to be given, at the Odd Fellow's Hall on Monday Evening next. The Programme is an inviting one; and if we may credit the report of those qualified to express an opinion of the merits of the recently arrived principal performer. Mr. Swain we can have no doubt of enjoying an evening's entertainment of unusual excellence. Mr. Swain, we understand, is an accomplished master of the joyous science educated at the Chapel Royal Windsor, and, of course, familiar with the first professors of the art. He has since, we are told, followed his vocation in New York, from whence he was wiled by the golden lures of California, and subsequently Victoria. He has now been induced to visit our own more genial climate, where he intends to follow out his musical profession. We heartily wish him the success which we are assured he deserves.

SWAN, John

Amateur vocalist (merchant, storekeeper)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1826 (Hobart Town Concert)
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 April 1858, aged 62


Swan, a Hobart tradesman and storekeeper, was elected along with John Philip Deane to an Elizabeth-street neighbourhood watch committee in September 1825. A year later he made his single documented appearance for Deane, in Hobart's first public concert.


[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (3 September 1825), 1

"CRIMINAL COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (21 October 1826), 4

"Hobart Town Concert", Colonial Times (29 September 1826), 3

. . . Messrs. Deane, Swan, and Langford sung the Glees - "Glorious Apollo," "Fair Flora," and "The Witches." Mr. Swan sung "The Sun that Lights the Roses," and "The dearest Maid," the latter in a most masterly style. The Songs, "Death of Nelson" and "In this Cottage," were sung by Mr. Widowson; "The Wolf" by Mr. Deane; the Glee "Here in cool Grot" by Messrs. Smith, Deane, and Swan.

"HOBART TOWN CONCERTS", Hobart Town Gazette (7 October 1826), 4

"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (6 August 1830), 2

"DEATHS", The Courier (30 April 1858), 2

"THE LATE MR. JOHN SWAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1858), 2

Mr. Swan was a worthy representative of that type of emigrants of whom Mr. [Henry] Hopkins is the head. He has been the architect of his own fortunes, and goes down to his grave at a ripe age, sincerely lamented by his numerous relatives and friends, and held in just and deserved esteem by a large portion of his fellow-colonists.

"THE FIRST CONCERT IN HOBART", The Mercury (11 October 1883), 2s 

SWANNELL, Louisa (Miss Louisa SWANNELL)

Soprano vocalist ("The Australian Nightingale")

Born Radwell, Bedfordshire, England, c. 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1853 (per Royal Stuart, from Southampton)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SWANNELL, Miss (? Mary)



According to the 1851 census, Lousia was born at Radwell, Bedfordshire, c.1838. She was 15 years old on arrival in Melbourne, in 1853, with her widowed mother Sarah (47), and sisters Mary (23), Sarah (20), and Julia (13). According to the notice of her sister's wedding in Collingwood in January 1858, Sarah was "second daughter of the late George Swannell, Esq., of Moor End House, Hadwell, Bedfordshire. Their mother Sarah died in Melbourne on 7 March 1859, and the youngest sister, Julia, married in October that year. Louisa is last reported singing in public for a charity event in July 1858, and her mother's death may plausibly have signalled the end of her performing career. A "Miss Swannell" donated "music" (presumably sheet music) to a charitable fund raising drive in December 1862.


"THEATRE ROYAL, BOURKE STREET", The Age (16 January 1855), 5 

On Saturday evening last a grand concert was given at this place of amusement, which was attended by a very respectable audience, the large concert room being filled to overflowing with numerous occupants; the band of the 12th regt. were present on the occasion, conducted by Mr. Callen, who performed their part with great merit. Mrs. Hancock, also, with her soft sweet voice, contributed, as usual, no inconsiderable amount of gratification, being repeatedly and deservedly encored, as was another lady, we believe a stranger amongst us, in the person of Miss Swannell, who possesses a fine full voice, and performed her part admirably, considering it was her first appearance. Mons. Coulon continues to maintain his usual popularity; he sang some of his pieces in character . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1855), 8

"BENDIGO", The Argus (2 April 1855), 5 

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS . . . Tonight Miss Louisa Swannell, a lady who has been very favorably mentioned in the Melbourne papers, gives a concert in the Exhibition Building, in conjunction with Mr. Barlow. She will be assisted by her sister, Miss Swannell, on the pianoforte, and by Miss Byrne, a vocalist of considerable excellence.

"BENDIGO", The Argus (23 April 1855), 7 

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (15 May 1855), 5

"MISKA HAUSER", The Argus (1 June 1855), 5

"DIARY OF OUR MELBOURNE CORRESPONDENT", The Tasmanian Daily News (6 August 1855), 3 

Tuesday, 31st July. - Coppin's new theatre, the Olympic, was opened last evening . . . Our journals here are so accustomed to extol every person and thing indiscriminately, that it is difficult to arrive at a clear notion of the relative merits and demerits of actors or singers. Language, for example, is employed in describing what are discovered to be the excellencies of Miss Swannell, which would be appropriate enough in the praise of Grisi, Lind or Persiani, but is simply ridiculous in its application to a young lady who succeeds in passing the ordeal of "a free and easy," without discredit. Mr. Brooke spoke the address which was composed by the Chief Justice . . .


"BENEVOLENT ASYLUM", Bendigo Advertiser (29 July 1858), 3 

[Advertisement], The Age (17 December 1862), 3 

"MELBOURNE OLD AND NEW. A NOVEL ENTERTAINMENT", Mercury and Weekly Courier (16 June 1892), 3


Musician, cornet player

Died Sydney, NSW, 31 October 1884, aged 36


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1884), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1884), 1


Musician, band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1859
Active Melbourne, VIC, by September 1862 (Sweetman's Brass or String Band)


"WATER POLICE COURT", Empire (2 November 1859), 2

Joseph Taylor was charged with having assaulted one John Sweetman, musician, at Manly Beach, on the 31st ultimo, by knocking him down and kicking him. The defendant was fined 10s., with constable's expenses.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1860), 1 

THE CITY BAND is now open to engagement, in any number, brass or string. Apply JOHN SWEETMAN, 125, Clarence-street, Wynyard-square. N.B.- A good violin wanted.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1860), 1

A QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY at Mr. McMaster's THIS EVENING, at 8 o'clock. Sweetman's band in attendance.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1862), 8

SWEETMAN'S BAND is open to ENGAGEMENT, in any number. 324, Pitt-street South. For SALE, the best Bass DRUM in colony; Harps, Cornets, &c. Remember, they are cheap.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 August 1863), 1

SWEETMAN'S BRASS, or String, BAND can be ENGAGED in any number. 163 King-street, east.

SWIFT, Thomas

Musician, viola (tenor) player, cello player (New Queen's Theatre)

Born c. 1800
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by c.1838
Died Adelaide, SA, 18 June 1860, aged "about 60" ("a colonist of upwards of 22 years' standing") (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LAW AND POLICE COURTS. RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", Adelaide Observer (8 November 1845), 6 

LEE v. WYATT. The plaintiff sought to recover £3 for music provided for the Courier steamer on the occasion of a trip which had been advertised, but not performed. The defendant denied having engaged the band. John Smith, musician, had been with plaintiff to defendant's house. Lee told Wyatt that 12s. each was too little for the band, and he agreed to give £1 each. Mr. Swift, the other musician, was present . . . Thomas Swift confirmed the evidence of last witness . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

. . . INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Leader, Mr. Lee; Mr. Richards (second violin); Mr. Thompson (violoncello); Mr. Kaebet (flute); Mr. Swift (tenor); Mr. Smith (double bass); Mr. Hewett (trombone); Mr. Poltridge (cornet a piston); Mr. Barnett (drum); Mr. Bennett will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (22 April 1850), 2 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (14 October 1853), 3 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (6 October 1854), 1 

GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . Instrumentalists: 1st Violins - Mr. P. Lee and Mr. Chapman; 2nd Ditto - Mr. Wm. Cobbin, jun., and Mr. Watts; Viola - Mr. W. Cobbin, sen.; Violincellos - Mr. J. R. Smith and Mr. Swift; Contra Bass - Mr. Betteridge; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCullagh; Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion; Pianists - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger . . .

"SUDDEN DEATH AND CORONER'S INQUEST", South Australian Register (19 June 1860), 2 

"SUDDEN DEATH", The South Australian Advertiser (19 June 1860), 2 

An inquest was held on Monday afternoon, before Dr. Woodforde, at the Edinburgh Castle, Currie-street, on the body of Mr. Thomas Swift, musician, an old, well-known, and highly respected colonist, who was struck down that afternoon, on West-terrace, in a fit of apoplexy. Dr. Ayliffe, together with some other persons, who were near the deceased at the time, were examined, the Jury returned a verdict that the deceased died from the visitation of God.


Pianist, teacher of music

Active Geelong, VIC, 1850s


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (19 February 1853), 1s

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 3

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1856), 2

SYKES, Charles


Born Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, 1843
Arrived Dunedin, NZ, November 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1878


"65 YEARS AN ORGANIST. Recollections by Mr. Charles Sykes", The Argus (27 May 1922), 25

SYMMONS, Charles Augustus

Amateur pianist, choirmaster

Born 1804
Arrived Perth, WA, late 1839
Died Leschenault, WA, 18 October 1887, in his 84th year


Pianist, conductor, soprano vocalist



Active Perth, WA, 1846

Summary (after Conole):

Symmons arrived in WA in late 1839 with his wife Joanna (nee Elliot) and their family, as Protector of Natives, a post he retained until the early 1850s. He and like-minded officials helped compile and publish (1842) the first WA aboriginal language dictionary. Apart from being a major lay benefactor of the Church of England in WA and a prominent colonial public official, Symmons proved to be an important figure in local social and cultural life for decades. In his personal life, he was a convivial and good-hearted man. He was also a fine musician and served as the first choirmaster of St. Georges Church in Perth, in office 1845-53.


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

The performance commenced with a symphony for four hands, on the subject of the Hallelujah chorus from Beethoven's Mount of Olives, which was admirably played by Mrs. and Miss Symmons . . . The celebrated air "Let the bright Seraphim", from Handel's Oratorio of "Samson", was next sung in first-rate style by Mrs. Symmons, feelingly accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Leake. We missed Harper's trumpet obligato, but in other respects there was little to desire.

"MARRIED", Inquirer (13 August 1845), 2

[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

The Concert in aid of the funds for the purchase of a suitable instrument for St. George's Church, took place at the Court House, on Wednesday last. . . . To the Conductor, Mrs. Symmons who had a most arduous task imposed upon her, that of accompanying every piece and taking a part in each performance, the public are greatly indebted for the trouble and pains she has taken.

"Swan River Mechanics' Institute", The Perth Gazette (23 May 1852), 3

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

"DEATH", The West Australian (22 October 1887), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Conole, "A colonial law man: Charles Symmons (1804-1887)" 

SYMONS, Annette (Miss SPENCER)

Music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, mid 1826-27


"COURT OF REQUESTS, FRIDAY, OCT. 5", The Monitor (8 October 1827), 7

Symons and Annette his wife v. Samuel Terry. The plaintiffs had lately been resident in Sydney, but were now on their passage to England. Mrs. Symons, previously to her marriage (which took place in the Colony the latter part of last March) had given a quarter's tuition in musick to Miss Martha Terry, daughter of the defendant . . . He said, his daughter had taken instructions in music from Miss Spencer, and afterwards, when she became Mrs. Symons, without his knowledge. He admitted he had heard of her, going to Mrs. Symon's lodgings, but he understood it was in the way of a friendly call.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2021