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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–H (Hi-Hy)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–H (Hi-Hy)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 10 April 2020

- H - (Hi - Hy)

HICKSON, Mr. (? Hugh, or Thomas)

Musician, flute player (Band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 1831 (regiment in Australia 1829-33)
Died by November 1834

See also Band of the 63rd Regiment


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (14 November 1834), 2

The sickness of the 63rd, we are happy to say, had nearly subsided - Major Briggs and Capt. Gibbons were returning to England; and Surgeon Russel had gone to Penang on sick leave. Hickson, the flute-player of the band, had died.


Bellman, bellringer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


"A LUNATIC", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1838), 2 

On the evening before last, a young man whose intellects are subject to derangement, and who earns a scanty existence by ringing "those evening bells" that enliven the streets at night, entered the house of Mr. Farrell, the publican, of George-street, between the hours of 7 and 8 o'clock. Knowing the man's affliction, Mr. F. ordered him out, and he went. At 9 o'clock he again returned, and was forcibly put out by Mr. Farrell. At 10 o'clock Mr. F. perceived, from his parlour, the front folding doors gradually and slowly open, and a head cautiously intruded through the opening. Anxious to see the end of the affair, he suffered the party to steal softly and unobserved (as he supposed) up to the counter, when he unexpectedly darted forth and seized - to his inexpressible surprise - the same deranged visitor. He was sent to the watch-house for protection. - Joseph Higginson is the name of the unfortunate, whom we recommend as a fit object of charity to the Committee of the Benevolent Assylum; he is perfectly harmless and inoffensive.

HIGGINS, Thomas William

Amateur vocalist, pianist, sheep farmer 

Active Port Elliot, SA, by 1861
Died Currency Creek, SA, 9 August 1915, aged 75


Amateur musician, pianist


The song The bushman, first published in Adelaide in 1845, was still popular in South Australia in the 1860s. It was evidently a favorite of Higgins, a grazier, who sang it several times at public dinners, where the press variously referred to it as "The bushman's life" and "The bushman's song", and positively identified it by its chorus: "[Then] Hurrah! for a bushman's life".

Mrs. T. W. Higgins was also a regular performer at musical events in the Port Elliot region.


"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (20 May 1861), 3

"OPENING OF THE INMAN AND HINDMARSH BRIDGES", The South Australian Advertiser (3 August 1863), 3

"DEATH", Southern Argus (12 August 1915), 2

HILE, Madame von (Madame von HILE; alias of Mrs. HODGES)


Active Adelaide, SA, 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (23 May 1850), 3 

Mr Wallace gave a "Grand Concert" at the Exchange last evening, which was honoured by a very numerous audience, including his Excellency Sir Henry Young, Lady Young, and suite, with all the elite of Adelaide society. The Governor arrived at 8 o'clock, when the national anthem was tastefully performed by the band, the assemblage rising simultaneously. The principal novelty of the evening was the appearance of a fair debutante, a Madame Von Hile, a vocalist of of whose powers no little expectations were formed. We fear her friends must have been a little disappointed in the debut, for although we stood within a dozen yards of the accomplished songstress, we could scarcely hear a note distinctly. Madame Von Hile whispered divinely no doubt, but nobody could hear anything except the accompaniment, save the fiddlers . . . We maintained our seat with mingled pleasure and pain throughout the performance, until Madame Von Hile struck up the rather personal enquiry, "Why are you wandering here I pray?" of which we only stayed long enough to admire the sweet intonation . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (24 May 1850), 3 

. . . The lady who made her first appearance under the name of Madame Von Hile, was evidently nervous to a painful degree, and her timidity prevented her voice rising to a pitch sufficiently high to fill a room so much larger than any she can have been accustomed to sing in. She has a sweet and highly cultivated voice, and her singing is truly that of a lady. All she requires is a little more confidence, which custom alone can give her. Ja her third song, "Why are you wandering here I pray?" she had somewhat recovered her self-possession, and being warmly encored, repeated it with increased effect. Those who were near to the orchestra heard enough to convince them that she is a singer of no ordinary merit, and to feel assured that they are not yet able fully to estimate her powers . . .

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (25 May 1850), 3 

. . . Madame Von Hile is evidently a highly accomplished vocalist, and that taste is to be condemned which could not make reasonable allowance for any lady's first appearance at a public concert. Notwithstanding her timidity, she was warmly and deservedly encored in her song, "Why are You Wandering Here" . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (21 October 1850), 3 

MRS. HODGES Better known to the Musical World as MADAME VON HILE, IS prepared to receive a few YOUNG LADIES as DAY PUPILS, at her present residence, near the East End of Rundle-street. Terms, including French, £10 per Annum. Music, Singing, and Drawing, each £2 per Quarter.

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", South Australian (28 October 1850), 2 

The long interval which has elapsed since Mr. Wallace last catered for the entertainment of the musical world of Adelaide, owing to the imperfect state of his health, and the promise of his published programme, gave to his concert of Tuesday evening last considerable interest . . . Of the performances generally we have only space to remark, that Mr Wallace's violin performances were admirable, and we think superior to his previous displays of taste, accuracy, and execution - their only fault being their length and number. Mrs. Murray, as usual, did herself much credit, and a similar remark may apply to Miss Lazar in her difficult pieces. Madame Von Hile only wants confidence to become a fine singer; her voice is particularly sweet, and she has evidently had every advantage which education can give; - but the difficulty a lady must experience in singing before a public company when she has only been accustomed to gratify a circle of friends in the drawing-room, may well account for that nervous feeling which paralyses energy and almost restrains utterance . . .

HILL, Agnes (Agnes HILL)

Pianist, governess

Active Darebin Creek, VIC, 1852


"SUPREME COURT. CRIMINAL SITTINGS. Wednesday, 25th August . . . PERJURY", The Argus (26 August 1852), 5 

. . . Wm. Pender, sworn - Resides at the Darebin Creek . . . on the night of the 7th June . . . Mrs. Pender was in the drawing room whilst my governess was playing some new music . . .

Agnes Hill: Am governess in Mr. Pender's family . . . Never pursued any other profession in this country but my present . . . Mr. Pender was in the room all the night; I remember it well, as I was playing on the piano all night, some new music, operas, &c.; Mr. Pender did not sing "Agnes I love thee as my life" . . .

HILL, Alfred (Alfred HILL)

Violinist, conductor, teacher, composer

Born Richmond, VIC, 16 December 1869 (not 1870)
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 October 1960 (NLA persistent identifier)


Musical works:

Hinemoa (cantata, Wellington, NZ, 1896)

Bibliography and resources:

Andrew D. McCredie, "Hill, Alfred Francis (1869-1960)", Australian dictionary of biography 9 (1983)

John Mansfield Thomson, "Hill, Alfred Francis", Dictionary of New Zealand biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand 

HILL, Mrs.


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845


"SOIREE MUSICALE", The Courier (2 August 1845), 3 

"This is the only Concert I have attended in the colony" - such was the almost general exclamation during and after this entertainment on Thursday evening last. For ourselves we must echo the same words, and join in the general feeling of gratification that they are intended to convey. The greatest care and attention in both departments, vocal and instrumental, pervaded the whole performance. The vocal department embraced only four performers, Madame Gautrot, Mrs. Hill, Mr. Packer and Mr. Duly; but the selections were so chaste and pleasing, so well arranged, and withal so extremely well executed, that the ear as well as the mind were kept in one constant source of delight. And here it is our duty to notice the debut of Mr. Packer, of whom we were led to expect something of a high order, and which was amply verified . . . We had nearly forgotten to mention the trio, Sadak and Kalasrade, by Madame Gautrot, Mrs. Hill, and Mr. Packer; it was admirably sung, and met its due share of approbation. We have not further space at present to enlarge on the performances, but trust the success of his first attempt will induce Mr. Russell to repeat these soirée musicales.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Wilkins Russell (event organiser); Charles Sandys Packer (convict, vocalist, pianist, composer)

HILL, Arthur (Arthur HILL)

Amateur vocalist, actor (publican, Rose and Crown, Castlereagh-Street, printer)

Born England, 1784
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1826 (Sydney Amateur Concerts)
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 March 1834 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MR. EDWARDS'S BENEFIT", The Monitor (25 August 1826), 5

... "I'm Parish Clerk and Sexton here", was sung with much humour by Mr. Hill, but the want of those essential requisites to give such songs effect-namely dress and music [i.e. instrumental accompaniment]-greatly detracted from its comicality. The former we understand was objected to by the Directors upon some principle of Etiquette.

"THE ANNIVERSARYDINNER", The Monitor (27 January 1827), 5

A Patriotic song by Mr. Hill, and Dulce Domum by Mr. Blanch were greatly applauded, the style of singing of each being well adapted to his subject. 

"Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 June 1833), 2

We understand that our respectable fellow-colonist, Mr. Arthur Hill, is engaged by the Proprietor of the Sydney Theatre, for the next season, to sustain a line of characters for which report states he is eminently qualified. We have never seen Mr. Hill "on the boards", and therefore cannot speak from our own knowledge.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (25 September 1833), 3

Mr. Arthur Hill, of the old school of legitimate Comedy, we are glad to hear, is engaged for the peculiar characters in which he is known to excel.

"DIED", The Australian (24 March 1834), 3

"DIED", The Sydney Monitor (25 March 1834), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 July 1834), 2

The comedy of The Rivals was the first piece, and with the exception of some two or three of the inferior characters, was creditably performed ... The Sir Lucius of Mr. Simmons though a tolerable performance, was not equal to the representation that we have seen of it by the deceased Mr. Arthur Hill.


"Hill, Arthur", Obituaries Australia


HILL, Arthur Silvester (Arthur Silvester HILL; A. S. HILL)

Flautist, bandsman, bandmaster (Band of the 99th Regiment), composer

Born ? Ireland, c.1829/30
Active Sydney, NSW, 1848; Hobart, TAS, 1849-55
Married Ann Sophia HOPKINS, St. Joseph's, Hobart, TAS, 17 April 1854, aged 24
Died Cork, Ireland, 7 May 1865 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


Hill's The Australian grand waltzes ("A New Year's Gift ... composed and arranged for the Piano Forte, by Arthur S. Hill, 99th Regiment") were published in Sydney in 1848 (no copy identified), and his The Wivenhoe quadrilles and Geelong schottisch respectively in Henry Butler Stoney's Tasmanian lyre and Delacourt bouquet in Hobart in 1854/55.

Hill regularly appeared in Hobart as a concert flautist. In April 1854, at St. Joseph's Church, Hobart, he married Ann Sophie Hopkins, daughter of the former Hobart dancing master Gattey Hopkins.

He was not regimental bandmaster in Australia (the master was Robert Martin), although he may have been later. He died at Cork, Ireland, in 1865.


[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (1 January 1848), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1848), 3

"CONCERT", The Courier (10 March 1849), 2

"MUSICAL. ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (27 January 1853), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (2 July 1853), 3

"ATTENTION", The Courier (5 April 1854), 2

"MARRIED", The Courier (18 April 1854), 2

Marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:848552; RGD37/1/13 no 688 

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 April 1855), 3

"DEATHS", The Mercury (13 September 1865), 1

HILL, Bernard

Bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Died Sydney, NSW, August 1845


"INCAUTIOUS USE OF MEDICINE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1845), 3

Bernard Hill, once a bandsman in the 99th regiment, aged about 26 years, and who had lately been employed as an assistant in a druggist's shop, in George-street, but had latterly been unemployed, feeling himself unwell on Thursday afternoon, got some medicine (supposed to be laudanum) which he took, and shortly after became insensible till mid-day, yesterday, when he expired in the room of his father, Serjeant Hill, of the 99th regiment.

HILL, John

Musician (theatre band), formerly bandsman & drum-major (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


"DREADFUL MURDER", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1858), 5

"SHOCKING TRAGEDY", Empire (13 March 1858), 4

... a woman named Margaret Hill, aged 30 years, was lying dead at Paddington, from the effects of a wound received from her husband ... The husband, John Hill, is a musician, and was formerly drum-major of the 99th Regiment ... The prisoner, who is a man of about 40 years of age, was, as before stated, formerly drum-major in her Majesty's 99th Regiment, and has been in receipt of a pension. He has also been in the city police, from which he was discharged some time ago. He obtained a livelihood by playing with one of the bands at the theatre. He is of average height, and has a thin and anxious expression of countenance ...

[News], Freeman's Journal (10 April 1858), 3

HILL, Barnard (Bernard HILL)

Sawyer and violin player

Arrived Van Diemen's Land, by 1825
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833-46
Died Huon Valley, TAS, 9 August 1858, aged 80 years


The Statistical view of Van Diemen's Land (1832) lists "Bernard Hill, violin player" as living at 12 Goulburn-Street, Hobart in 1831.

"Sawyer and violin player" Barnard Hill's selection as a jury member in Hobart in 1833 became a subject of satire in the press.

According to a police report, Hill was still playing the violin semi-professionally for Robert Fowler's "dancing school" in 1846. He was an elector in Franklin in 1856.

His descendent Anne Wilson kindly informed me (January 2014) that he died in a boating accident in 1858, aged 80.


"McCABE", Hobart Town Gazette (29 October 1825), 2

Statistical view of Van Diemen's Land (1832), 163

[Editorial], The Hobart Town Courier (19 July 1833), 2

We are sure on this occasion Mr. Barnard Hill, with whom we have the honour to be personally acquainted, he having recently cut some rafters for our fowl-house at Knocklofty, and whose exquisite Paganini touches on the violin we so frequently have the pleasure to hear, urging, as we pass the corner, the fantastic toes of the ladies and gentlemen who frequent Mr. Walford's ball-room, at the King George - we are sure he will excuse us for once, for paying that we fear he would not think himself fairly tried in a dispute about cutting rafters or the price of an hour's catgut scraping by such men as Mr. Meredith or Major Schaw, any more than the latter gentlemen would fancy their rights and privileges, especially as regards the intricate points of literature and libel, fairly confided and adjusted by his unbiassed decision.

"SCHAW v. MEREDITH", The Hobart Town Courier (19 July 1833), 3

"SCHAW v. MEREDITH", Colonial Times (23 July 1833), 2

[Letter] To the Editor", Colonial Times (30 July 1833), 3

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1833), 2

"THE LAWS OF LIBEL", The Hobart Town Courier (31 January 1834), 4

"POLICE", The Courier (1 August 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 June 1856), 1

"DIED", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 August 1858), 2

"FATAL ACCIDENT", Launceston Examiner (12 August 1858), 2

HILL, John (K.S., R.A.M.; John Thomas HILL; in England and USA after 1880, known as John HILLER; and John Sebastian HILLER)

Pianist, organist, conductor, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing, violinist, composer

Born London, England, 5 August 1843
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1865
Married Ilma de MURKSA, NZ, 1876
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1877 (with Ilma De MURSKA)
Died New York, USA, 9 February 1920 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Hill succeeded George Loder as conductor of the Sydney opera season in 1866.

A friend and colleague of Alfred Anderson, a decade later John Hill also played in the Ilma De Murska concerts, and within months of Anderson's death, he notoriously married the recently bereaved singer in a ceremony on tour in New Zealand.

Curiously, according to the recollections of Murska's manager De Vivo (1897), at the time of Anderson's death Murska had "detested" Hill. By 1881, he was conducting under the name John Hiller, and was still active in London in 1899.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1865), 1

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1865), 1

"MR. JOHN HILL'S FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1865), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1865), 13

On Monday, the 13th instant, Mr John Hill, lately from London, pianist and organist of considerable abilities, gave his first concert at the Australian Library, which was fashionably and well attended. The principal feature of the concert was the performances of Mr. Hill on the pianoforte and harmonium, which created a marked impression of his powers on both these instruments. In the Fantasie sur l'Opéra Lurline de Wallace, by Ascher, Mr. Hill displayed fine capabilities as a solo pianist, his enunciation being clear and distinct. A fine instrumental effect was a duet for harmonium and pianoforte, by Mr. Hill and Mr. Frederic Ellard, which was admirably performed by both those gentlemen. The overture to William Tell, also performed by Mr. Hill on the harmonium, was a brilliant effort. These were decidedly the pieces de resistance of the evening. Mr. Hill afterwards performed Boulanger's celebrated Impromptu polka.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", South Australian Register (24 July 1865), 2

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1866), 7

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1866), 3

"ST. ANDREW'S ORGAN", Empire (13 August 1867), 4

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1869), 10

"DEATHS", Evening News (2 October 1871), 2 

On the 25th June, at his late residence, Maida Vale, of consumption, Julius Henry Hill, aged 24 years, brother of John Hill, K.S., R.A.M.

"Musical and Dramatic Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 January 1872), 23

"MR. GUENETT'S CONCERT", The Argus (17 February 1873), 7

"MUSIC", The Australasian Sketcher (9 August 1873), 90

[News], The Argus (29 November 1873), 6

"THE DE MURSKA CONCERTS", The Argus (26 January 1876), 7

[News], The Argus (15 May 1876), 4

"NEW ZEALAND", The Argus (16 May 1876), 5

"MUSICAL", The Mercury (10 October 1879), 2

"Merry-go-Round", The Entr'acte (6 November 1880), 4-5

Harry Paulton should cut out that portion of his text in "Les Mousquetaires" which refers to marrying a prima donna, for if I [5] mistake not, the conductor, M. Hiller, is Mr. John Hill, who has married a prima donna in the shape of Mdlle. Ilma de Murska. The passage becomes personal, and people who know of the circumstance at once stare at M. Hiller, much as to say, "That's a rub for you, old man!" Speaking of M. Hiller, I had not seen him for many, many years until within the last week. When last we shook hands he was Jack Hill, and so youthful that it was a work of difficulty for him to convince his friends that he possessed a moustache. He dallied with the fiddle at this time, and when the late Alfred Mellon gave Promenade Concerts at Covent Garden, Jack was, I think, a second violin, and played the pianoforte accompaniments for the vocalists. I lost sight of him for a long time, and when I next heard of him, he had gone to Australia, and in Sydney he used to charm some friends of mine with his organ performances, and where he was always ready make one in a quartet for strings. Then I heard that had married Mdlle. Ilma de Murska, and the other night I saw a face at the conductor's desk at the Globe, which puzzled me. I looked at the programme, and I read "Director of the Music and Conductor, M. Hiller." I knew the face, but not under that name. Who could it be? thought I. And then it dawned upon that it was Jack Hill. But he has grown into a man, something like Mons. Faure, the baritone. John is an excellent conductor, and uses his baton, not like some of the puling and uncertain time-beaters whom we see at the theatres; but like man who thoroughly understands his business. He was always clever. He is the nephew of Mr. Weist Hill, and I always thought he would make a considerably bigger man than his uncle.

"BRITISH AND FOREIGN ITEMS", The Mercury (19 February 1881), 1s

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS", London Daily News (7 July 1899), 6

The Mr. John Hiller who will conduct Messrs. Sousa and Klein's "El Capitan" at the Lyric on Monday, will perhaps be better known here as Mr. John Hill, and was husband of the prima donna Ilma de Murska. He was a cousin of the late Weist Hill, first principal of the Guildhall School of Music. Nearly forty years ago he was a member of the opera orchestra, and later on he conducted during one of the autumn seasons; but for many years he has chiefly resided in the United States.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Brisbane Courier (4 September 1899), 6


"ARTISTS IN AUSTRALIA. HISTORY: OLD AND NEW", The Daily News (19 October 1925), 6

Musical works:

The royal arrival galop (Sydney: [?], [ ]) 

The Sicilian Vespers quadrille ("arranged by John Hill") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1869]) 

The Lorne highland schottische (arranged by John Hill, K.S., R.A.M.") (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [?]) 

Love among the roses schottische (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [?]) 

Kismet waltz (Melbourne: [C. Troedel], [1873]) 

Mollie darling (morceau de salon) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [??]) 

The Choo Choo Bar (ballad), music by John Sebastian Hiller, K.S., R.A.M. (Cincinnati, 1896) 

Bibliography and resources:

Lea-Scarlett 1971, 166

Rushworth 1988, 373

Hill was appointed organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Catherdal, Sydney, in 1870, in succession to W. J. Cordner; he was himself succeeded by John Delany, first as chorimaster in 1872, and as organist in 1874.

Many thanks: To Kurt Ganzl (2017) for biographical information.

HILL, Samuel Prout (Samuel Prout HILL; Samuel Prout HILL)

Amateur poet, songwriter

Born Devon, England, 16 Dec 1819; baptised Independent Chapel, Devonport, 16 April 1820 (son of James HILL and Elizabeth PROUT)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid 1841
Married Louisa ODELL (widow), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 April 1849
Died Hobart, TAS, 23 October 1861, aged 41 [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

HILL, Louisa (Mrs. Samuel Prout HILL; late Mrs. ODELL)

Teacher of music, singing, and painting

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by May 1847
Died Hobart, TAS, 19 May 1871, in the 68th year of her age


Accountant and public servant, amateur artist and poet, Samuel Prout Hill was a son of James Hill and Elizabeth Prout, The English artist Samuel Prout (1783-1852) and the NSW colonist Cornelius Prout (1793-1855) were his mother's brothers, and another brother, John (1782-1865) was father of his cousin, the colonial artist John Skinner Prout.

His "Stanzas on the recent death of a beautiful and accomplished young lady" was one several poetic eulogies to appeared in the Sydney press following the death of Rosetta Nathan in April 1843, and was reprinted the following month in his collection Tarquin the proud and other poems (Sydney: D. L. Welch, 1843). In July 1844, the Herald published his "Song of a Aborigines", written to the tune of Isaac Nathan's popular Byron setting Tambourgi, and a spririted defense of Nathan and Eliza Dunlop's positive characterisation of Indigenous people in their 1842 productions, The Aboriginal mother and The eagle chief.


"STANZAS. On the recent sudden death of a beautiful and accomplished Young Lady", The Colonial Observer (5 April 1843), 5 

"ORIGINAL POETRY . . . SONG OF THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1844), 4 

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 May 1847), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (26 May 1847), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Courier (21 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (14 November 1863), 1

"DEATHS", The Mercury (20 May 1871), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Harry Buckie, "Hill, Samuel Prout (1821-1861)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"Samuel Prout Hill", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

HILL, Peter


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1837
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), by July 1839


[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch ... (10 November 1837), 1 

MR. PETER HILL, MUSICIAN. Upper Goulbourn-street, HOBART TOWN. Music provided for Balls or Parties.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (29 July 1839), 5 supplement 

MUSIC provided for BALLS & QUADRILLE PARTIES. MR. P. HILL begs to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Melbourne, that he will he happy to attend upon any oocassion that his services may be required, and trusts from his long experience, to give every satisfaction to those who may honor him with their Patronage. - Applications to be made at the Patriot Office.

HILL, Samuel


Active Bathurst, NSW, 1850


"MAL-APPROPRIATION", Bathurst Free Press (21 December 1850), 7

Constable Finnerty's ears were assailed in the dead of the night of Saturday last by the screaming of fowls from the henroost of Mr. Minehan, of the Crooked Billet. From the nature of the sound and the time of night, he conceived that all was not correct, and upon nearing the place he observed a man named Samuel Hill crossing Rankin-street, and after a little searching about Mr. Minehan's yard, found the notorious Daniel Torpy, alias Lippey, comfortably esconced [sic] underneath a cart with a fowl under his arm, which had got there by mistake ... Mr. Minehan was called, - who said that he could not swear that he had lost any fowls. Hill, he stated, was a musician in his service, and lived in one of his cottages ... The bench condemned [Torpy] to six months' imprisonment as a common vagrant. The prisoner Hill was discharged.

HILL, Samuel


Active New Ballarat, VIC, 1859


"Indigo Police Court", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 May 1859), 3

Samuel Hill, sworn, deposed: Am a musician and live at New Ballarat.

Robert Spires was brought up charged with using abusive language to Rebecca Rae ... Samuel Hill, sworn, deposed: Am a musician and live at New Ballarat. On the Sunday before last, the defendant came to the plaintiff's place. I was having tea at the time. They had a dispute; he called her a wh-re, and a prostitute. He said that she had written letters to him asking if he would marry her ...


Music retailer, music publisher

Born c. 1829
Active Maitland, NSW, 1860s
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 February 1907, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Hillcoat had been a sheep farmer and cattle dealer at Stradbroke in South Australia for several years when he was declared insolvent in October 1856. His case dragged on until March 1859, and in September that year a Mrs. Hillcoat, with references from the Lord Bishop of Adelaide, advertised that she would open a school for young ladies in Maitland, NSW.

In April 1861 she was intending to hold dancing classes, while her husband advertised that, since he was:

not fully occupying his time, offers his services to tradesmen to WRITE UP THEIR BOOKS and to MAKE OUT THEIR ACCOUNTS.

In August 1862, J. W. Hillcoat first advertised that he was selling music from his home, and in November opened a new shop, as "J. W. HILLCOAT, MUSIC SELLER, High-street, West Maitland".

On 4 March 1863, he issued the first number of his series THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU, the Night parade waltzes by Marmaduke Hentry Wilson, who was to compose the whole set.

No. 2 was I'm saddest when I sing (April 1863); no. 3 The Singleton railway galop (May); and no. 4 Royal wedding polka (June).

A new song, The echo was advertised for 1 July, but in the event no. 5 was The Aberglasslyn schottische (July 1863).

He advertised that the August number was not going to be ready until the arrival of the English mail. In the event, neither nos. 6 nor 7 can be identified.

In mid-November a new Wilson song Good bye appeared, possibly no. 8, and in December, the unattributed Christmas polka mazurka, was possibly no. 9.

In February 1864, Hillcoat's creditors held a meeting, but in June he and Wilson announced that they had completed the series with no. 10 Australia, the land of my birth.

No. 11 was Varsovianna [sic]; and no. 12 the Anambah polka.

Hillcoat and Wilson next instituted a new twice-monthly series, "The young pianist's repertoire" ("published on the 1st and 15th of every month; price 1s, to be completed in twelve numbers"). The first number, according to the Mercury, was "a selection from the opera L'Elisir d'Amore, arranged and marked for fingering by Mr. M. H. Wilson"). But although the first three numbers had appeared by early July, it faltered thereafter.

Probably Hillcoat and Wilson then produced nothing new until the appearance of their last joint effort, the Nervous cures quadrilles in 1867.


"INSOLVENCY NOTICES", South Australian Register (3 October 1856), 3

"INSOLVENCY COURT", South Australian Register (7 July 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (17 September 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (13 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (9 November 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (23 August 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (22 November 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (3 March 1863), 4

"THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU", The Maitland Mercury (5 March 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 March 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (5 May 1863), 1

"THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU", The Maitland Mercury (7 May 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (2 June 1863), 4

"THE MAITLAND MUSICAL BIJOU", The Maitland Mercury (6 June 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (27 June 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (30 June 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (1 August 1863), 4

"NEW SONG", The Maitland Mercury (17 November 1863), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (16 February 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 April 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1864), 1

"MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1864), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (2 July 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (16 December 1865), 7

"THE NERVOUS CURES QUADRILLES", The Maitland Mercury (4 May 1867), 4

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (5 March 1907), 4

HIME, Charles E.

Piano tuner and maker (from Broadwood and Sons, London, and Hime and Son, Liverpool)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 September 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1858), 8

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1858), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1863), 5


Bass vocalist

Active Geelong, VIC, by 1859
Died Mortlake, VIC, 4 February 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE LATE MR.HINCHCLIFF", Geelong Advertiser (9 February 1871), 3 

The following particulars have come to hand relative to the late Mr. John Hinchcliff. It will be understood that he has been residing at Mortlake with two bachelor brothers, Dr. Hinchcliff and Mr. Joseph Hinchcliff. On Friday evening, Feb. 3rd, the three brothers were at Caramut, at a distance of twenty-three miles from Mortlake. At this place a concert was held for a charitable object, when Mr. Hinchcliff took a leading part. It must be observed that this lamented gentleman had latterly improved considerably in his health, having lost the symptoms of an asthmatic cough with which he was troubled when resident in Geelong. Of tubercular disease there never had been any trace. His looks, too, betokened the improvement, for he was as brown as a gipsy, and received on all sides congratulations on his good looks. This gave him a corresponding elation of spirits, and at the Caramut concert he seemed to feel as one who was rejoicing in the restoration of his former strength, and as one who was present, remarked, sang magnificently, and in a style worthy of his best days. Such efforts could not fail to rouse the most phlegmatic audience, and the encores evidently extended the programme. Twenty-three miles had to be traversed afterwards, and it was half past four before the over-taxed vocalist retired to rest. He then confessed, as might well be expected, to a feeling of fatigue. His brother Joseph was engaged on Saturday as one of a Mortlake eleven to play at a cricket match at Terang, when John was to officiate as scorer. This involved a ride of fifteen or sixteen miles in a direction opposite to Caramut, and at six in the morning Joseph Hinchcliff, with a consideration that does him credit, left his brother to his unbroken slumbers and proceeded alone to the cricket match. At eight o'clock the intended scorer opened his eyes to the fact that he had been left behind, an arrangement in which he was not disposed to acquiesce. A hasty cup of tea sufficed for the breakfast, and by nine he was mounted on a fast trotting pony en route to the cricket match. When a mile and a-half from Mortlake, his cap, which was not one he usually wore, flew off and the unfortunate man, who was no adept in equestrianism, pulled up so suddenly as nearly to throw the horse upon his haunches. He was not prepared for the sudden stoppage, and his momentum sent him over the head of the animal, at a place where the road been newly metalled. A farmer's wife was standing at the door of a cottage, by the ride of the road, and chanced to watch the whole proceeding. She at once with characteristic promptness, ran to his assistance, bathed his head, which was bleeding profusely from a deeply incised scalp wound. He faintly said "That will do, thank you," and then passed into a state of coma, which with one slight exception continued till his death, which took place at 6 p.m. the same day. Most unfortunately, Dr. Hinchcliff had been compelled to remain at Caramut by a professional engagement; but Dr. Rodd, of Mortlake, was in attendance, and found that besides the scalp wound there was congestion of the brain, from which the patient never rallied. He had been brought back to his brother's house when the untoward absence of the family - for an unmarried sister who usually resides with them was on a visit in Melbourne - was compensated by the unremitting attentions of Dr. Rodd and the Rev. J. M. Donaldson, till Dr. Hinchcliff could be sent for. The rev. gentleman mentioned remained till the last struggle, and attended the brothers on their melancholy journey to Geelong. We may add that on Sunday morning the accomplished organist, Mr F. W. Towers will play the Dead March in Saul, in Christ Church here, in connection with this event. Other appropriate marches, hymns, &c., will be played in the evening.

HINCHY, James Joseph (J. J. HINCHY; Jim HINCHY)

Tenor vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 6 June 1849
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1875
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 21 January 1896


"Music Notes", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (27 February 1875), 270

"CHRISTMAS ENTERTAINMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1878), 5

A sacred musical festival was given last night at the Victoria Theatre, which was well attended in every part. The piece de resistance was a Mass Solennelle, No. 3, by Signor P. Giorza, which possesses some merit, but is by no means equal to many similar compositions. The principals were Miss Bessie Harrison, Signora Fabris, a lady amateur, Mr. Hinchy, Mr. Wilkinson, Mr. Wilson, and Mr. Flynn, and all of them acquitted themselves with more or less success ... Mr. Hinchy's tenor is a little thin, but he rendered his parts with considerable care and success . . .

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1879), 3

... The arrangements were not good, the seats were in front and behind a platform, on which the pianos were so placed that scarcely a dozen visitors could see the hands of the players, and the vocalists were obliged to turn their backs on one portion of the audience; Mr. Hinchy's gallantry would not allow him to be guilty of such apparent rudeness, and he refused under the circumstances to sing.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1880), 2

"BACH'S PASSION at the UNIVERSITY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1880), 5

The first performance in the colony of a work as great as it is unique, no matter how crude such a performance in itself may be, marks a new era in the musical history of New South Wales ... Mr. Hinchy, as the Evangelist, had a very difficult, long, and unsatisfactory part. He began fairly well, but was so evidently overweighted, that long before the close it was painful to listen to him. The programmes announced that "in order to ensure the success of the performance, Mr. [Sydney] Moss will preside at the pianoforte." To the conductor of the Musical Union, therefore, fell the task of accompanying the recits.; and, probably with the best intentions, this gentleman, finding the tenor uncertain in the musical text, very frequently played the correct notes on the piano. The effect of the two versions being heard simultaneously can be imagined.


Mozart's Twelfth Mass, with organ accompaniment, was sung by the cathedral choir, Mr. Hallewell conducting, and Mr. Banks at the organ, the brilliant Gloria, having a particularly good effect. At the Offertory, Mr. James Hinchy, with exquisite sweetness, sang Aulagnier's "O Salutaris."

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES HINCHY", Freeman's Journal (25 January 1896), 15

HINCHY. - January 21, at his residence. 142 Burton street, Darlinghurst, James Joseph Hinchy, aged 46 years (late Accountant and Chief Inspector of the Treasury). R.I.P. This announcement in the morning papers of Wednesday must have given a shock to the many hundreds in the city who knew and esteemed 'Jim' Hinchy. When he was a boy at Lyndhurst College, with Mr. J. A. Delany as one of his class-fellows, he was a favourite, and everybody, priests and all, called him Jim. It was the same when be ran his course as a cricketer in the days of the victorious Warwicks. Jim Hinchy (big-hearted, bright-witted Jim) he continued during his rise in the Treasury from a junior ship to the second highest position in the department. And during all the five and twenty years he appeared on concert and oratorio platforms in Sydney as our most accomplished amateur tenor, few ever spoke of him save as Jim. This was not disrespect, it was an affectionate recognition of his fine qualities and his genial nature. He was a true type of the educated, courteous, and manly Australian native. He never deserted a friend, and never made an enemy. For some months past he had been in failing health, but it was not till shortly before Christmas that he showed symptoms of Bright's disease. It was not a long struggle. His medical advisers, Dr. Jarvie Hood and Dr. Marshall, ordered him to keep to his room a fortnight ago, and he died on Tuesday night. From the hands of the Very Rev. Dr. Carroll, V.G., he received the last Sacraments, and all the clergy of the cathedral staff visited him during his last hours. He leaves a widow and four children, the eldest a boy of 19, and the youngest a mere baby.

For many years past Mr. Hinchy has been best known, musically, by his connection with St. Mary's Cathedral as principal tenor. With comparatively brief intervals, he was a member of the choir for a quarter of a century. He sang in the Te Deum to welcome Archbishop Vaughan 1873, and he took part in the Archbishop's Requiem in 1883. He also sang in the Requiem of Archbishop Polding in 1877. He was one of the principal soloists at the opening of the new Cathedral in 1882, and his voice rang out in the Te Deum, both when the Cardinal arrived as Archbishop in 1884 and when his Eminence returned from Rome with the red hat in 1885. Mr. Hinchy was also a singer in the Cathedral ceremonies of the two Plenary Councils, 1885 and 1895. He was in his place on Christmas Day and sang the solos in Gounod's 'Messe Solennelle,' and his last appearance in the choir was on the Sunday following Christmas.

Among those who followed the remains to the grave on Wednesday afternoon were Mr. William Hinchy (son of the deceased), Messrs. Fred and John Bede Hinchy (brothers), the Hon. George Reid, Premier and Colonial Treasurer; Mr. Kirkpatrick, Under-Secretary for Finance and Trade; Mr. A. Fraser, Under-Secretary for Justice; Mr. Green, Accountant Justice Department; Mr. J. A. Delany (organist and choirmaster of the Cathedral), Mr. F. J. Hallewell, Mr. J. H. Rainford, Mr. R. Daly, Mr. W. E. Byrne, C.P.S., Balmain; Mr. Victor Cohen, Accountant Lands Department; Mr. W. Byrne, B.A., Mr. D. Mullins, Mr. D. Clancy, Mr. W. P. O'Halloran, Mr. W. O'Gorman Hughes, Mr. John Donelan, Mr. Charles Huenerbein, M. Napoleon Boffard, Mr. John See, M.P., ex-Colonial Treasurer; Mr. James Kidman, and a number of Treasury officers. The remains were interred in the Catholic portion of the Waverley Cemetery.

"SNAP SHOTS", Freeman's Journal (22 October 1898), 16 

Later De Vivo brought out Carlotta Patti. He had struck up a friendship with poor Jim Hinchy in Sydney, and admiring his voice and style engaged the jovial tenor to sing at the brilliant Patti concerts, which were given in the Theatre Royal.


See main page:




Professor of music, pianist, guitarist, painter

Active Maitland by c.1855
Died Maitland, NSW, 1870, aged 47 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Bassoon player (Sydney theatre)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY ... The Lessees have succeeded in engaging all the first-rate Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen - Leader of the Band, Mr. Clarke; Violins, Messrs. Spyers, Johnson, Dyer, and Scott; principal Flute, Mr. Stubbs; Violincello and Grand Piano Forte, Mr. Cavendish; Clarionets, Messrs. Turner and Sharp; Bassoons, Messrs. Hoare and Ball; Bugle, Mr. Pappin; Drums, Mr. Vaughan ... The Musical Department will be considerably improved, and under the direction of Mr. Cavendish.

HOARE, Edward

Conductor of the psalmody (St. Philip's Church, Sydney), vocalist (St. James's Church, Sydney)

Born ? UK, 10 December 1802
Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 1821 (free per Speke)
Active Sydney, 8 September to 7 December 1825; 1829


Edward Hoare's first musical notice was in the payment accounts for the government Ecclesiastical Establishment for "conducting the psalmody, on Thursday evenings and Sunday afternoons" at St. Philip's Church, Sydney, between 8 September and 7 December 1825. In this task, he succeeded John Onions, a convict servant of Edward Smith Hall.

An Edward Hoare was appointed a constable in 1826, but dismissed in April 1828 "for highly improper conduct".

From a family history website (created by descendent Malcolm Kenneth Perrins:

Edward Hoare was born in the UK on 10 December 1802, the son of John Hoare (b.1860), originally of Lostwithiel, Cornwall. Edward and his wife, Sarah Marsden, had children baptised at St James (William Edward, 1824), St Philip's (George Frederick, 1826; Henry, 1829), and again St James (Samuel, 1830; Edward 1832).


"DISBURSEMENTS. ESTABLISHMENT ...", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

"Government Notice", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1826), 1

"COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 June 1827), 1

"SYDNEY. [Constables] Dismissed", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 June 1828), 1

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

HOBART, William (Mr. W. HOBART; William HOBART; HOBBARD; HOBBART; ? William Henry, or Henry William)

Watch and musical instrument maker, organ builder

Born Dunton cum Doughton, Norfolk, England, 21 January 1789
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 20 August 1836 (immigrant with family per Amelia Thompson, from London, 28 April)
Active Adelaide, SA, 1845-46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mr. [Henry, sic] and Mrs. Hobbard, arrival, per Amelia Thompson, 20 August 1836; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:436811; CSO1/1/872/18447

Henry William Hobbart, son of William and Ann, baptised, St. John's, Launceston, 28 December 1837; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1085706; RGD32/1/2/ no 8033 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (11 June 1842), 2 

"ORGAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 August 1842), 2 

"CHURCH ORGAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 January 1843), 2 

"MUSIC HATH CHARMS", Launceston Examiner (24 May 1843), 3 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (4 November 1843), 5 

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Observer (3 April 1847), 5 

Bibliography and resources:

"William HOBART (HOBBARD)", Wikitree, by Mark Hamilton 

"Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Launceston", Historical and Technical Documentation by John Maidment, OHTA 


Drum major (102nd Regiment, later, not in Australia)

Active Sydney, NSW, to 1814 (with 73rd Regiment)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 May 1834), 1s

... [lot] No. 241. By Joshua Holt, gentleman, George-street, Sydney, to 2 Rods 13 Perches, promised to one John Hobbs, then a Serjeant of His Majesty's 73d regiment, and subsequently drum-major in the 102d, described as follows: situate on the east side of George-street, in the township of Sydney...

HODGE, Sebastian ("Bass" HODGE)

Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment), clarinettist, saxophone player, publican

Born 1833
In Australia with 11th Regiment, 1846-57
Returned to Sydney, NSW, January 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 April 1889, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 11th Regiment

HODGE, William Bass

Musician, composer

Born 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 1942


Not to be confused with Sebastian "Bass" Hodge of Bathurst (a cousin), the musician Sebastian Hodge was the first son of sergeant William Hodge (b. 1811; d. Gundagai, NSW, 1863) of the 11th Regiment, and himself served in the regiment in Australia, perhaps in the band under its master Charles Stier. Hodge returned to Sydney with his wife and three children (including William Bass), in 1862.

"By kind permission of Mr. W. S. Lyster", in whose orchestra he was probably playing, Hodge appeared at Eliza Wallace-Bushelle's concert in October 1863, and played an obligato to Anna Bishop in 1868. A prominent freemason and publican, Hodge went by the nickname "Bass" (as so too did his Bathurst cousins). He continued playing in Sydney theatre orchestras, and in 1883 was master of a new incarnation of the City Band.

His son William Bass was composer of the patriotic song by She who gives her son ("words by Stephen Raffo, music by W. Bass Hodge") published in March 1915, active in Sydney into the 1930s. Note his 1933 recollections of old time singers (including the Bushelles).

My thanks to Mark Pinner for bringing Hodge to my attention.


"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1862), 4

"BIRTHS", Empire (24 September 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1868), 1

"DOUBLE BAY ANNUAL REGATTA", Australian Town and Country Journal (3 November 1883), 35

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1889), 1

"CABLEGRAMS", The Northern Miner (24 April 1889), 3

WE notice by our telegrams the death of an old Sydney identity, Mr. Sebastian Hodge, a gentleman who was originally attached to one of Her Majesty's regiments in the capacity of band master, and who since the Imperial troops left New South Wales had been well known as the proprietor and landlord of the Commercial Hotel in King Street, one of the most respectable hosteleries in Sydney. Mr. Hodge was also a good and enthusiastic musician, a splendid performer on the clarionette, and a specialist on that rarely played instrument, the saxophone, which had a telling effect in an orchestra, supplying the gap between the oboe and the bassoon. He was frequently engaged by the late W. S. Lyster in operatic orchestras, and his loss will be keenly felt in professional and private circles. Mr. John Hodge of the Bank of New South Wales, Charters Towers, is a son of the deceased gentleman under notice.

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 April 1889), 43

Mr. S. HODGE - Everybody in Sydney who wanted to know anything about brass bands or military music had only to apply to Mr. Sebastian Hodge, at the Commercial Hodge, at the Commercial Hotel in King-street. He prided himself upon knowing these subjects perfectly; and his pride was well founded. We have now to record his death, which occurred last Sunday evening after the operation had been performed for the removal of a carbuncle on his neck. Mr. Hodge came to Australia many years ago as bandsman in the 11th Regiment; and after his term of service in the army he was appointed drill-sergeant at the Sydney Grammar School. Subsequently, he took over the well-known Commercial Hotel, of which he was the proprietor at the time of his death. Mr. Hodge was the founder of the once popular city band, and as a clarionet and saxophone player had not been excelled in Australia. He was president of the Licensed Victuallers' Association, and a staunch Mason. He was 56 years of age, and left a wife and several children. The remains were buried in the Waverley Cemetery with Masonic honors.

"RECEIVED", Nepean Times (6 March 1915), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1915), 8

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1926), 8

"PERFORMING RIGHTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1932), 17

"OLD-TIME SINGERS. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1933), 3

"THE ANZAC MARCH. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1934), 3

Bibliography and resources:


Teacher of music

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1831


The Van Diemen's Land almanack, for the year of our lord 1831 (Hobart Town: Edited and printed by Henry Melville, 1831), 253 

. . . Hodgetts, Mrs. Teacher of Music, Liverpool-street . . .


Teacher of dancing, ? actor

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1829


Dancer, teacher of dancing, actor, ? vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1829-34
Active Sydney, NSW, from December 1834
? Died Sydney, NSW, 5 December 1836 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (25 July 1829), 3 

MR. and Mrs. HODGES most respectfully inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart town, and its vicinity, that they have have commenced teaching the above elegant accomplishment at their residence, corner of Murray and Bathurst streets, where cards of terms may be procured.
July 23, 1829.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (2 July 1831), 1 

Seminary for Young Ladies,
MISS BAMBER is requested "by her Friends" to explain every Branch of Female acquirement, as expressed on her Card, viz: - Spelling, Reading, Poetry, Geography, Orthography, Grammar, Parsing, History, Modern and Ancient; Magnail's Scriptural and Historical Questions; Writing, Arithmetic, French; plain and all kiuds of Fancy Work.
Music - £8 8 0 - Mr. Reichenberg
Drawing - £ 8 8 0 - Mr. Thompson
Dancing - £6 6 0 - Mrs. Hodges . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Reichenberg (music master); William Thomson (d. 1832; drawing master)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1 

ADVERTISEMENT . . . The following are the details of the proceeds of the Concert on the 21st of Sept., 1831, viz:-
Amount received for tickets sold £38 17 0
Paid Mr. J. E. Cox for refreshment for performers and band £6 5 6
Paid Mrs. Hodges 2 2 0
Do. Mr. Williams, Master of the band 2 2 0
Do. 3 men from do. 1 10 0 . . .

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (7 January 1834), 5 

We have been given to understand that Colonel Leahy is passionately fond of dancing, and with the aid of his Scotch piper is determined to get up that delightful amusement for himself and friends. Mrs. Hodges has been already engaged, we hear, and we have no doubt that with her able assistance, a young corps will formed, capable of rivalling the first dancers in any country.

ASSOCIATIONS: Colonel Leahy (commander of the 21st Regiment) and his bagpiper

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (21 January 1834), 6 

. . . You saw nothing in our little notice to give offence - we merely stated, that Colonel Leahy had engaged the able assistance of Mrs. Hodges, the famous dancer. "Evil be to him who evil thinks," is the royal motto - and a famous one it is. We beg to ask the Editor of the Colonist, if the nobility, gentry, clergy, army and navy, do not patronize all the dancers at the Opera House and all the Theatres? and we must say that it is abominable, imputing indecent personality to us, because Colonel Leahy chooses to spend his fortune in promoting the fine arts, and in patronizing "dancing, bugle-blowing, bagpiping, or any other innocent recreation."

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (5 December 1834), 3 

On Sunday the brig Hind sailed for Sydney with part of her import cargo; passengers Mrs. Hodges and Mrs. Mackay, to augment, we learn, Mr. Levey's dramatic force at Sydney.

"SHIPPING INTEELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 December 1834), 2 

From Calcutta and Hobart Town, on Thursday, having sailed from the former place the 3d September, and the latter the 1st instant, the brig Hind, Captain Wyatt. Lading, merchandise Cabin passengers Mrs. Jane Gibbons, Mrs. Frances Mackay, Mr. Barnet Levey, and Mr. John White. Steerage - Mr. William Oxberry, Mrs. Jane Oxberry and 2 children, James Brown, and John Kenny.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Times (20 January 1835), 2 

On Saturday evening at the Theatre we witnessed the performance of a new ballet entitled "The Rival Lovers," got up under the superintendence of Mr Oxberry. The piece does credit to his taste, and drew the applause of a well-filled house. Mrs. Gibbon, from the Derwent, who has undertaken the line of characters so respectably supported last season by Mrs. Larra, danced with great elegance and spirit, but we must strongly object to her juvenile style of dress in elderly characters. Perhaps this lady is afraid of becoming old before her time? We trust this hint will suffice.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (28 January 1835), 2 

. . . A ballet under the title of the Rival Lovers has also been brought out, in which Mesars. Simmons, Oxberrry and Fitzgerald, and Mrs. Gibbons sustained the principle characters. Althourh Mr. Oxrherry cannot take a character where he has to speak, the tone of his voice being such, that the whole of the house is in a titter while he is talking; he sustaiined his dancing characters tolerably. Mrs. Gibbons dances well . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (13 February 1835), 2 

. . . A Ballet, entitled the Indian Maid followed - report attributes it to the prolific brain of Mr. Levey, but he, from a pure sense of modesty, witholds his name as the author; a greater piece of trash and absurdity was never thrust on the public. Mrs. Jones introduced the Indian Maid, which she sang very prettily, but as for the dance, whether they were the war dances of the Caribbees, Otaheitian, &c., or not, we cannot presume to state, but Mrs. Gibbons, the would be Taglioni of the Sydney Stage, looked more like an Indian Chief that an Indian Maid . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 April 1835), 3 

"DEATH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 December 1836), 3 

On Monday, at the General Hospital, Sydney; Mrs. Gibbons, late of the Theatre Royal, Sydney.

HODGHON, Benjamin

Drum major (48th Regiment)

Arrived Sydney, 1817
Died Liverpool, NSW, 12 September 1862

See also Band of the 48th Regiment


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 February 1827), 2

Mr. Sleight, the Superintendent of the Phoenix hulk, we understand, is removed, owing to some unpleasant circumstances connected with the trans-shipment of the male convicts on board the brig Wellington, who subsequently became pirates. We furthermore understand, that the Deputy Commissary general have recommended an old non-commissioned officer in the army, of the name Hodghon, who was for several years drum-major of the 48th, and has been confidentially employed in the Commissariat for the last four years under Mr. WEMYSS. The Master Attendant too, we hear, is favourable to Mr. Hodghon, which leads us to hope, in the event of a vacancy, that the GOVERNOR will be pleases to reward this faithful servant of the KING with a good birth. We can pledge ourselves as to his competency, and we believe he would make a famous disciplinarian.

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Drum Major Sergeant Benjamin Hodghon (c.1787-1862)", Australia's red coat regiments 


Occasional music importer and retailer, speculator, merchant, politician

Born ? 1792; ? Wadsworth, Yorkshire, 1799
Arrived Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1835
Died Kew, VIC, 2 August 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In Melbourne in November 1838, Hodgson advertised for sale one of the earliest documented large shipments of music and instruments to arrive in the new settlement.


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (17 November 1838), 1 

One mahonogy cabinet six and a half octave, with metalic plate, &c.
One rosewood ditto, six octave, ditto ditto
One mahogany square six and a half octave ditto ditto
Rosewood and other Guitars, with and without cases
Flutes of variuous kinds
Accordions by the first makers
Hunting and other Horns
Flute Walking Sticks with a Compass
An assortment of Pianofrote Music and Songs
Apply to
Melbourne, November 15.

Bibliography and resources:

John Hodgson (Australian politician), Wikipedia

"John Hodgson 1799-1860", Collingwood Notables Database 

HODSON, Georgia (Mrs. William S. LYSTER)

Contralto vocalist (Lyster's company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)



[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

The ship Achilles, which arrived from San Francisco yesterday, has brought to these shores a "complete operatic troupe," comprising the names of Madame Lucy Escott, and Miss Rosalie Durand, sopranos; Miss Georgia Hodson, contralto; and Madame Ada King, as second donna. The tenor, Mr. Henry Squiers [Squires], is supported by Mr. Frank Trevor, as second tenor. The baritone is Mr. F. Lester [Lyster]. Mr. A. Reiff is the conductor; and the whole are under the supervision of Mr. W. L. Lester [W. S. Lyster]. The agent of the troupe is Mr. W. Lloyd. Arrangements are being made for the appearance of the new company at the Theatre Royal, and we understand they will produce both tragic and comic opera.

HOELZEL, Herman (Hermann HÖLZEL)

Lecturer on music, arranger, composer

Born Obuda (Budapest), Hungary
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 22 May 1853 (per Abberton, from London, 11 February)
Departed Sydney, NSW, April 1858 (per Victoria, for Southampton)


A native of Hungary, Hoelzel studied at the Hatam Sofer's yeshivah in Pressburg, and was a member of Jewish communities at Magdeburg (1836-40).

In March 1841 he advertised a musical work, Israel's Glaube ("gedichtet und fü Baritonstimme mit Begleitung des Pianoforte in Musik gesetat von Hermann Hölzel, Oberversänger de israelitichen Gemeinde in Magdeburg"). Later he reportedly served as a reader at Hambro Synagogue in London (1845-52).

He arrived in Hobart in 1853 to become presiding rabbi, but in 1855 moved on to Sydney to become minister at York Street Synagogue. An interesting document from Hoelzel's later term at Sydney's York Street Synagogue is his commentary on a petition by Samuel Elyard to be allowed to "read and explain the Holy Scriptures ... in all Australian and other Churches".


[Advertisement], Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung 43/11 (March 1841), col. 247:

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Courier (16 May 1853), 3

"ARRIVALS", The Courier (23 May 1853), 2

"ARRIVAL of DR. HOELZEL", Empire (7 July 1856), 2

"SCHOOL OF ARTS LECTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1857), 8

TO THE JEWISH COMMUNITY.-Will be published in a few days, a Lithographic Portrait, by James Guy, of the Rev. Dr. H. HOELZEL, Presiding Rabbi of Sydney.


"DR. HOELZEL'S LECTURE ON MUSIC [Letter] To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1857), 2

"DR. HOELZEL'S LECTURE ON MUSIC [Letter] To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1857), 5

"THE HISTORY AND USE OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1858), 7

PURKIS and LAMBERT have received instructions to sell by auction, at the residence of the Rev. Dr. Hoelzel, Liverpool-street East ... in consequence of that gentleman's departure for Europe, The whole of the superior household furniture and effects, consisting Dining and drawing room furniture Pictures, engravings, A splendid tone pianoforte, by a first-rate maker, Part of his select and very valuable library ... 200 volumes valuable works.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Moreton Bay Courier (21 April 1858), 2


Hermann Hoelzel, The lecture on the history and use of music, delivered in the hall of the School of Arts, on the 25th August, 1857 ... to which is annexed ... (2) the music of the celebrated "Hosannah Hymn", ascribed to King David; (3) the music of "The hymn of the dead", composed in time immemorial; the pianoforte arrangements to both hymns by the author (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1857) 

Also 2nd edition, 1858

< p>Other documentation:

MS Papers of Hoelzel, AHJS

Bibliography and resources:

Todd M. Endelman, The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002), 119-20 (PREVIEW)


Violoncello player

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 1830


"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

The concert commenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd) seconds, Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentleman only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band. This beautiful symphony was performed with the greatest effect, and received with the warmest applause. ... A beautiful Quartetto from Haydn then followed, by Mr. Deane the Violin, Mr. Marshall the Flute, Mr. Bock the Tenor, and Mr. Hoffer the Violoncello. It was admirably executed.

HOFFMAN, Herr (? 1 or 2 individuals)

? Vocalist, ? "Jews-harp" player (possibly 2 individuals)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1851; Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (10 March 1851), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Proprietors - Messrs. Lazar and Coppin ... THIS EVENING, Monday, March 10th, will be performed for the first time at this Theatre, the celebrated Nautical Drama, in three acts, entitled the FLYING DUTCHMAN or the Phantom Ship, with new Scenery, Machinery, Dresses, &c. After which, HERR HOFFMAN, the celebrated "JEWS-HARP PLAYER" from the London Concert Rooms, will make his first appearance and perform several Polka's Airs, &c.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1853), 5 

ROYAL HOTEL. MR. SINCLAIR has the honor to announce that he intends giving a Vocal and Instrumental Concert, at the above Hotel, on THURSDAY, September 8th, when he will be assisted by the following artistes: Mrs. St. John Adcock, Miss Flora Harris, Mr. Roby, Mr. Ford, and Herr Hoffman. A. F. FORD, Agent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1853), 1 

The concert as first advertised was postponed, and Hoffman's name did not appear on the final program.



Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865


Ballarat and Ballarat district directory (1865), 30

Eureka Street, from Main road. Left ... Hoffman, Louis, musician ...

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (20 May 1867), 2

A coroner's investigation was held on Saturday, at the Erin-go-bragh hotel, Eureka Street, Ballarat East, on a fire which occurred there on the 14th inst. After the evidence had been adduced, the jury found that the fire had been wilfully caused by some combustibles having been introduced beneath the roof of the kitchen at the rear of the building from the premises of Louis Hoffman, by some person or persons unknown.


Vocalist, Teacher of the art of Vocalisation, conductor (Fitzroy Philharmonic Society), merchant

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s
Died Geelong, VIC, 27 December 1874, aged 54 


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1861), 5

"INSOLVENCY COURT", Empire (28 June 1865), 5

"MR. HORSLEY'S RECITALS", Empire (11 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1868), 8

"MR. HOFFMANN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1869), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1869), 1

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1870), 5

"MR. HOFFMANN'S LECTURE. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1870), 3

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 February 1871), 20

"RECENT PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (2 September 1872), 6

Three singing lessons by Mr. Henry Hoffmann have been put into print at the request of several pupils and many friends. Considering the number and excellence of the many elementary works which are accessible to all learners at a very low price, we think the publication of Mr. Hoffmann's brochure is rather superfluous.

[News], The Argus (27 February 1873), 5

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 March 1873), 20

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 December 1874), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1875), 1



Died Melbourne, VIC, 1870


""Funeral Notices", The Argus (2 July 1870), 8 

THE Friends of the late Mr. CHARLES HOFMEISTER, musician, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from M'Grath-place, off Little-Lonsdale-street-east, THIS DAY, at half-past 3 o'clock p.m. JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring-streets, Melbourne.

HOLDEN, William

Musician, composer, journalist, music reviewer

Born Chichester, England, 7 April 1808
Arrived South Australia, May 1838 (per Trusty)
Died North Adelaide, SA, 11 October 1897, aged 89


Pianist, teacher of music

Born Adelaide, SA, 17 September 1858
Died Adelaide, SA, 29 March 1892, aged 33


Holden arrived in Adelaide in 1838 with his friend Jacob Pitman, and June both men were elected to the committee of the newly formed Adelaide Mechanics' Institution. Both were also later involved in establishing the New Church or Swedenborgian Society.

In 1848 it was reported that at the society's meetings:

music forms a considerable attraction ... After the singing of a piece of sacred music, Mr. William Holden next addressed the meeting.

For the Gawler Institute, on 4 November 1859, Holden was one of the four judges (the others Dutton, Ewing, and Chinner) that awarded the first prize for musical setting of The song of Australia to Carl Linger.

A journalist, and a pioneer of phonography (Pitman shorthand), according to his obituary (1897):

His tastes for music and art were such as to allow the Editor to entrust criticism on these subjects to him with the utmost confidence. In his way he was a composer, but the fact that he shrank from anything like publicity was doubtless the reason why his compositions were not published for the benefit of his fellows generally.

A friend, C. Williams also wrote:

To my knowledge more than one of the late Mr. Holden's musical works have been printed, particularly a fine anthem which appeared in the Musical Herald. My old friend was an excellent violinist also. He was a prominent member of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society, where his thorough knowledge of the art and science of music was often brought into request. At rehearsals of oratorios his opinion as to how certain passages should be interpreted will always remain pleasant reminiscences. But, above all, as a musical critic I never knew his superior, for he was always kindly, never offensive; just, but never scathing; and he knew what he was writing about.

At least one composition was in fact published, as the musical supplement to Joseph Elliott and Walter Sims's The Adelaide Miscellany (17 June 1869), Holy, holy, holy, "an original Sanctus by Mr. W. Holden, very nicely printed from music types".

His vocal duet Ode to music (words by J. H. Clark) was originally composed for the opening of Adelaide Town Hall, but was not performed on the occasion, and was introduced to the public by Anna Bishop and Charles Lascelles in June 1868. Another choral composition O! could I soar from star to star was sung at Watervale in November 1869, and his new sacred song Adoration was performed in Melbourne in February 1878.

According to her obituary, his daughter Emma Holden:

... will be remembered by many as the writer of many able letters to the Register and of favourite stories. For many years she was a teacher of music, having studied the piano under the tuition of Herr Heuzenroeder, singing under Signor Zilliani, and composition and thorough bass under Herr Bertram. At one time she was organist at the New Church in Hanson-street. The deceased was thirty-three years of age.

She wrote the words for her teacher Hans Bertram's descriptive song The wind in the trees, and posthumously, in 1895 a poem of hers served as words of Bertram's cantata The new year.


[Advertisement], Southern Australian (30 June 1838), 2

"THE NEW CHURCH SOCIETY", South Australian Register (19 July 1848), 3

"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (11 October 1858), 6

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 October 1859), 1

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2

"MADAME ANNA BISHOP'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (10 June 1868), 2

"THE ODE TO MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (13 June 1868), 2

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (19 June 1869), 2

"WATERVALE", South Australian Register (30 November 1869), 2

"MUSICAL NOMENCLATURE", South Australian Register (21 February 1878), 3

"DISSEMINATION OF PHONOGRAPHY", South Australian Register (10 February 1887), 6

"REGISTER SOCIAL", South Australian Register (5 November 1888), 6

"NORTH ADELAIDE INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (29 March 1889), 7

"OBITUARY", South Australian Register (29 March 1892), 3

"ORIGINAL MUSIC. THE NEW YEAR-A CANTATA", South Australian Register (20 February 1895), 3

"DEATH OF MR. WILLIAM HOLDEN. THE FATHER OF AUSTRALIAN JOURNALISTS. AGED 89 1/2 YEARS", South Australian Register (12 October 1897), 5

"THE LATE MR. WILLIAM HOLDEN. A FUNERAL SERMON", South Australian Register (18 October 1897), 3

HOLDROYD, Hetty ("Esta D'ARGO")

Soprano vocalist

Born England, 1880
Active by 1895
Died London, 1939


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (11 January 1895), 2

"WOMAN'S COLUMN", Freeman's Journal (28 December 1895), 10

"Kowalski's Concert", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 February 1896), 34

[News], Queensland Figaro (17 January 1907), 13

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1910), 4

"THE LONDON SEASON", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1928), 11

[Gerald Marr Thomson] ... Mme. D'Argo [Mrs. J. H. Tillet, of Ibbs and Tillet], who now prepares professional singers for their career, was originally popular in Sydney as Hetty Holroyd. About the same time also flourished Florence Schmidt (soprano), who settled in London, and married the late Derwent Wood, R.A., the eminent English sculptor. While in her teens Hetty Holroyd (a pupil of Signor Steffani) won popularity as the soloist in the revelry scene of "The Sign of the Cross." This young soprano sang to me at the Pleyel Piano Rooms, George-street, to oblige my old friend Henri Kowalski, with whom she was studying piano. I pronounced the timbre to be singularly charming, and predicted that if it developed with years and good training she would become a celebrity. She sang "Una Voce," and was then 10 years of age.

Related works:

Twilight of love (words by Gilbert Parker; music by Henri Kowalski; to Miss Hetty Holroyd) (Sydney: The French Musical Instruments Depot, [1895]) 


Mouth organ (Pan-pipes) player, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


This identification somewhat wishfully assumes that the actor Mr. Hollis entered fully into his role as "Pan (a Professor of Music, and a Paganini on the Mouth Organ)" in Cupid, a Mythological, Musical Burlesque by Joseph Graves at Sydney theatre in September 1838.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1838), 3

The Performance will commence with (for the first time) a Mythological, Musical, Burlesque Burletta, by Joseph Graves, Esq., performed at the Strand Theatre upwards of 100 Nights, entitled CUPID ... PAN (a Professor of Music, and a Paganini on the Mouth Organ), Mr. Hollis ...

HOLLIS, Charlotte Redgrave (Sarah Charlotte REDGRAVE; Mrs. William HOLLIS; from 5 July 1856 Mrs. William Edward BRYSON)

Pianist, harpist, singer, music teacher

Born Chelsea, London, England, 18 January 1818
Arrived Geelong, VIC, 19 January 1853 (government immigrant per Steboneath, from Gravesend, 25 September 1852, and Plymouth, 7 October 1853)
Died Brighton, VIC, 1 October 1900


According to family tradition (kindly shared by descendents Elaine Race, November 2016, and Leah Windle, June 2017), Charlotte brought with her from England to Australia a piano that had been presented to her by the king (William IV), but that was later destroyed in a fire at Brighton; she played harp and pianoforte. William Hollis advertised as a teacher of Latin (and "composer", presumably of Latin verse), but died within 9 months of arriving in Australia, and Charlotte remarried. Charlotte is said to have composed music and was known sing and play for parties at her Camberwell mansion.


"GEELONG SHIPPING", Empire (31 January 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (17 May 1853), 2 

A CARD. MR. HOLLIS, LATIN PROFESSOR and COMPOSER,* late Visiting Tutor in the families of several Noblemen and Gentlemen in England. For terms, &c., (evening attendance only,) address to the care of Mr. Brown, Victoria Circulating Library, Moorabool-street. The PIANOFORTE and SINGING taught, in a superior style, by Mrs. Hollis ...

HOLLIS, Percy Frank (Percy F. HOLLIS)

Musician, pianist, organist, composer

Born Goulburn, NSW, 1868
Died Manly, NSW, 2 February 1935, aged 67


"Our Boys Amateur Dramatic Club", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (8 September 1887), 2

"The Trinity College (London) Examination in Music", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (25 October 1888), 2

"Another Patriotic Song", Cumberland Argus (14 April 1900), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1935), 8

"OBITUARY. MR. P. F. HOLLIS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (4 February 1935), 3

The death occurred at his home, Hilltop Crescent, Manly, on Saturday last, of Mr. Percy Hollis, aged 67. Mr. Hollis was born in Goulburn and resided here for 44 years. He was the fifth son of the late Henry Hollis, of this city, and a brother of Dr. Leslie Hollis, who for seven years represented Goulburn in the State Parliament. For more than 100 years the family have been closely associated with the business and public life of Goulburn. The late Mr. Percy Hollis played a very important part in musical circles of Goulburn. At 16 years of age he was organist of the the Goulburn Parish Church, and later for 23 years, organist of old St. Andrew's Church. For ten years he was conductor of the Goulburn Liedertafel and a life member of that body. He later founded the Goulburn Musical and Operatic Society and was conductor until his departure from Goulburn. Those were days of great rivalry between the two organisations. Mr. Hollis was a conductor and organist of outstanding ability, one of the type which is not led away from the path of commonsense by fleeting fashions in music and style. The same could fairly be said of his attitude towards life. It was before the days of moving pictures and talkies' as we now know them, and good amateur performances were as manna from heaven for the people. Each of the performances would cost anything from £300 to £400 to produce, a couple of Sydney artistes being brought here to give the musical comedies just that little extra which would make the performance of one society better than that of the other. Mr. Hollis then removed to Summer Hill, where he was organist at St. Andrew's for ten years ...

Musical works (pre 1901):

Australia fights for Britain's rights (words by W. R. Riley; music by Percy F. Hollis) (Sydney: W. H. Paling, [1900])

Also WW1 songs

Bibliography and resources:

"Hollis, Percy Frank (1868-1935)", Obituaries Australia

HOLLOWAY, Edmund (Edward; Ned HOLLOWAY

Actor, bass vocalist

Active VDL (TAS), by 1848
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Died South Yarra, VIC, 18 August 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 May 1887), 1 

HOLLOWAY - May 23, at her residence, 109, Goulburn-street, Elizabeth, beloved wife of Edmund Holloway, comedian.

"DEATHS", The Age (20 August 1906), 1 

On the 18th August, at his residence, "Chowringhee," Garden-street, South Yarra, Edmund Holloway (of theatrical profession) passed quietly away.

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (27 March 1912), 3 

Answering a Melbourne correspondent, Ned Holloway died in the week ending August 25, 1906. I don't know the exact date at this moment, but in his death the Australian stage lost its oldest active member. The veteran actor in his later years always appeared with Alfred Dampier's company, and in the October previous to his death he appeared in his old part of Dan Moran, the deep-voiced bushranger, who was Starlight's rival in "Robbery Under Arms." Ned was born in Hull, Yorkshire, and after some years at the Victorian theatres, made his first appearance in Sydney at the old Victoria Theatre in 1853, playing Pythias to Mr. James Stark's Damon. Later he supported G. V. Brooke, Charles Kean, and other eminent actors. In his younger days Ned was popular in nautical parts, and was frequently described as the T. P. Cooke of Australia, he being purely an Australian actor. Having a good basso voice, he was also a singer, but did not vocalise much in his later life. He was the original Raimondo in Australia in "Lucia di Lanrmermoor." In this cast, nearly 60 years ago, Mrs. Guerin (afterwards Mrs. Stewart, and mother of Nellie Stewart) was the Lucia. Mr. John Howson was the tenor, and Mr. Frank Howson the baritone. Mr. Alfred Dampier, and others who knew, attributed a marvellous old age to Ned Holloway. He himself never said anything definite (there were certain reasons, I think, which induced Ned to keep his age a secret), but to the last he remained a hale and hearty old man, "not looking by any means the 75 years which must at least have belonged to him." So said his latest critic, but there are old theatrical hands who declare that Ned Holloway was at least 90 at the time of his death. I don't go that far, but I place Ned's age at 80 at the very least. I met him at Newcastle in 1872 with a small company, and Ned was then no "chicken." He was married three times, his latest matrimonial venture being an old Victorian favorite, Miss Jenny Nye. There were many worse actors than Ned Holloway. His second wife was a very capable actress, a good and saving wife.

HOLLOWAY, Elizabeth (Mrs. Edward Percy INCE)

Professor of the pianoforte and singing (pupil of Sterndale Bennett)

Born Mile End, London, baptised St. Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, 3 August 1825 (daughter of Aylett and Elizabeth HOLLOWAY)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 June 1853 (passenger per Allandale, from the Downs, 16 February)
Married Edward Percy INCE, St. Philip's, Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Mrs. Holloway, presumably her mother (also Elizabeth), was in March advertising having removed to the same Clarence-street address as a seller of wools, patterns and cottons.

Elizabeth Holloway, only daughter of the late Aylett Holloway, or Mark-lane, London, married Edward Percy Ince (1834-1868), at St. Philip's, Sydney, on 22 September 1855. Their infant first child died in June 1856, Edward was declared insolvent in May 1857, and Elizabeth advertised again professionally as Mrs. Ince in 1857. She "aged 30", and her husband "28", were listed in the parish of Holborne St. Andrew, London, in the 1861 English census. Edward was again declared insolvent in 1867, and died the following year.



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 October 1853), 5

AN English Lady, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing (a pupil of Mr. W. Sterndale Bennett), having a few hours disengaged, will be happy to attend a family or school. Apply personally, or by letter, free, to Miss HOLLOWAY, 216, Elizabeth-street North, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 March 1854), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1854), 1 

MISS HOLLOWAY (pupil of Sterndale Bennett) will be happy to have one or two pupils more for lessons in music and singing, at Clarence-street (one door from King-street) where from nine till three she receives pupils for general instruction.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (8 January 1855), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1855), 5 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1856), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1857), 8

EDUCATION. - Mrs. INCE having removed from Macquarie-street to 57, Elizabeth-street (one door from King-street) has VACANCIES in her Select Day School, or for Pianoforte pupils only. An Evening Class for English, writing, and arithmetic, from 7 till 9.

"BIRTHS", Empire (27 July 1858), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

Ellsworth 2016, 243

Ellworth does not identify Holloway, but cites the anonymous March 1854 advertisement

HOLME, Thomas Davies (T. D. HOLME)

Musician, pianist, organist

Born ? Lancashire, England, c.1830s
Active Shoalhaven, NSW, by 1860s
? Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Holme was a son of Shoalhaven storekeeper Thomas Holme senior (c.1806-1871), of Terara, and his wife Mary Davies (c.1811-1874), staunch Wesleyans originally from Salford, near Manchester.

He was briefly active musical in Tumut, NSW, in the early 1860s, the rest of his time that decade evidently spent between coastal Shoalhaven and Goulburn. He was at Goulburn in the early to mid 1870s, and in August 1882 it was reported that he had been appointed organist of St. Saviour's Cathedral there in succession to James Winney. He appears to have remained in the post not much longer than the end of that year, and was back at Shoalhaven by March 1883.

In August the local court ordered publicans and others not be supply with alcohol, and in Sydney in May 1884 he stood trial for the indecent assault of a 14-year-old boy at Cambewarra on 22 February. The jury being unable to reach a verdict, they were discharged, and Holme was remanded to prison pending a second trial, though if so it was not reported in the press.

He was perhaps the "T. D. Holmes" [sic] who became active musically again in the Protestant temperance movement in Brisbane in 1885, and continued so into the early 1890s.


[Advertisement], Empire (23 October 1857), 1 

"BROUGHTON CREEK", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (6 October 1864), 2 

"LECTURE ON CONGREGATIONAL SINGING", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (25 November 1865), 4 

"CONCERT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (13 December 1865), 2 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 November 1865), 3 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (16 December 1865), 4 

"HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (22 November 1866), 4 

"Shoalhaven Harmonic Society", Illawarra Mercury (15 February 1867), 2 

"SHOALHAVEN", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (6 May 1869), 3 

"MUSICAL", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (23 September 1871), 4 

... The concert announced for October 3rd is in aid of the organ-harmonium purchased by the trustees for the new Wesleyan church; and on that occasion an old friend, Mr. Thomas D. Holme, will delight his hearers with selections from the best works of the best masters. We are not in possession of details; but from what we can learn the lovers of music may expect a treat.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (23 September 1871), 5 

... MR. THOMAS DAVIES HOLME will play selections from the compositions of MOZART, ROSSINI, HAYDN, and SPOHR. The proceeds will be devoted to the ORGAN FUND ...

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (8 August 1874), 5 

"ORGAN RECITAL AND SACRED CONCERT", Southern Argus (8 July 1882), 2 

"GOULBURN", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 August 1882), 39 

CHANGES. - Mr. T. D. Holme is appointed organist of St. Saviour's, vice Mr. Winney, resigned. The latter gentleman is appointed to St. Nicholas's, North Goulburn.

"Shoalhaven", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (17 March 1883), 502 

Mr. T. D. Holme, an old identity in the local world of music here, has again come amongst us, and as a result it is proposed to form a harmonic society amongst us, who shall entertain themselves and others at times by concerts, &c.

[Advertisement], The Shoalhaven Telegraph (7 June 1883), 3 

"Court of Petty Sessions", The Shoalhaven Telegraph (23 August 1883), 2 

On Tuesday, the 14th, before Mr. Glanville, a prohibition was issued against Thomas D. Holme being supplied with spiritous liquors by publicans or others for the next 12 months.

"Sydney Criminal Court", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (29 May 1884), 2 

THE Central Criminal Court opened in Sydney on Monday before Judge Innes. Thomas Holme, a music teacher, was charged with having committed an indecent assault on a lad named Thomas Shepherd; the jury were locked up all night, and being unable to agree were discharged.

"SYDNEY", Goulburn Herald (29 May 1884), 2 

"Serious Charge against a Schoolmaster", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (29 May 1884), 2 

"ALLEGED INDECENT ASSAULT", The Kiama Independent, and Shoalhaven Advertiser (3 June 1884), 2 

? [News], The Brisbane Courier (26 May 1885), 4 

THE miscellaneous concert given by the members of the Blue Ribbon Choir at the Protestant Hall last evening was very successful ... Mr. T. Ellis acted as conductor, Mr. T. D. Holme as organist, and the pianistes were Mrs. S. Humphreys and Miss M. Davies, all of whom gave much satisfaction ...

? "Temperance", The Telegraph (6 September 1892), 6 

Bibliography and resources:

Crisp 1996

Rushworth 2006, Supplement, 54


Actor, comic vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1851


"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (5 April 1851), 2 

This Evening, April 3, 1851 . . . Comic Song, " Tippity Wltchet," Mr. Holmes . . .



1 or 2 vocalists, pianist

Active NSW, c.1855-56


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1855), 1 

MR. FISHER'S GRAND CONCERT. - New Concert Hall, Royal Hotel. THIS EVENING, August 8th. Principal Performers: Miss Flora Harris; Miss G. Harris (her second appearance); Mrs. St. John Adcock (who will make her first appearance, as a Pianist, these two years); and Messrs. Fisher, R. Walcot, T. Holme, and E. Colley; assisted by an efficient and powerful Chorus. Conductor Mr. Fisher; Pianoforte, Mr. Harwood . . .

PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 5. Scotch Ballad - "Jock o'Hazeldean" - Mr. T. Holme . . .

"GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE GOULBURN HOSPITAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 May 1856), 4 

A Grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, for the benefit of the Goulburn Hospital, was given last Thursday evening, in the grand concert room of the Commercial Hotel, Sloane-street, Goulburn . . . The performances were conducted by five amateurs, viz: - Mrs. Jewell, a songstress of very superior talent, from London; Mr. Isaac Davis, a young violinist, recently arrived in the colony from London, and who, although apparently not above eighteen years of age, displayed a mastership over his beautifully-toned instrument which elicited loud encomiums from the audience. In fact, he was encored upon every occasion. Mr. Holmes, a young gentleman engaged in the management of the Australian store, presided at one pianoforte, and Mr. Bennett at the other, Mr. Holmes taking part in the vocalism, and Mr. Bennett displaying his skill in two solos on the flutina, and was upon both occasions encored. Captain Natthey performed on the violincello, and his solo from the opera "Lucia di Lammermoor," was a most masterly performance, and called forth great tokens of approval. The selections of songs, &c., was highly creditable to the party or parties who made the arrangement, and seemed to suit the feelings and the wishes of all present. Mrs. Jewell was undoubtedly the " diamond" of the evening, and indeed it would be a task of extreme difficulty to single out any particular ballad in which she proved herself super-eminent, having been encored on the conclusion of every one of her songs. The lady's voice is a brilliant and clear soprano, while she displays great ability and tact in varying it from the soprano, through the counter-tenor to the treble. She sung the "Merry Zingara" in a most effective manner. If permitted the liberty of choosing the ballads in which she excelled, we would select "Lo, here the Gentle Lark, "In Fairy Bowers," and "The Genius of Freedom." The great differences of intonation and expression required to sing these songs with effect, are undeniable proofs of Mrs. Jewell's talent. The duet by Mrs. Jewell and Mr. Holmes "When a little farm we keep," created much amusement, and was encored, as also were the beautiful and well rendered duets - "When thy bosom heaves a Sigh," and "I know a Bank." The grand solo on the violin was also loudly applauded. Captain Natthey displayed great proficiency and masterly skill in his performance on the violincello, and was encored. Mr. Holmes was applauded over and over again, and evinced considerable skill as a pianist, and as a vocalist. He possesses an agreeable baritone voice. Mr. Bennett, in his performance on the flutina, also received great applause. So enthusiastic were the audience, and so excellent the performances, that the Concert was not concluded until half-past eleven o'clock, when the audience went away to their several residences, all evidently highly gratified at having passed so agreeable an evening. It is but justice to Mr. Coleman Jacobs, the Pianist, to state that he most kindly proffered his assistance at the Concert, but as the programme had been definitely arranged, his services were declined. We understand that the proceeds of the Concert will amount to between £40 and £50. We shall be able to give the exact amount in our next issue.


Bookseller and stationer, music importer

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1842


[2 advertisements], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (4 April 1842), 1 

JUST RECEIVED, ex Eagle, and will be open for inspection to-morrow, FIFTEEN GRAND PIANOFORTES, made by Collard and Collard, and other celebrated makers; an extensive stock of NEW MUSIC, and a variety of musical instruments, the particulars of which will appear in a future advertisement. Apply to M. HOLMES, Book and Stationery Warehouse, 23rd March, 1842.

MUSIC. M. HOLMES has just opened a choice and extensive assortment of Music, and Musicul Instruments, selected expressly for his market by a person of considerable experience - comprising - Fifteen Grand piano fortes, by Collard and Collard, and other eminent makers; Two splendid violincellos; Thirty-two violins beautifully finished; Forty-eight bows for ditto; Eight guitars of the newest shapes; Four Kent bugles; One bass G. trombrone; Four tipt. B. clarionets; Six 8 key'd flutes; Twelve concert ditto; Eighteen octave ditto; Ten accordions, And a variety of guitar, violin, and violincello strings. THE MUSIC Is by the most eminent composers, and only published a short time before the sailing of the Eagle; it consists of songs, duetts, overtures, marches, quadrilles, waltzes, &c., &c., for the different instruments enumerated above. Book and Stationery Warehonse, Collins-street. Melbourne, March 26, 1842.

HOLMES, Samuel Tuson (Samuel Tuson HOLMES; Samuel T. HOLMES; S. T. HOLMES)

Serenader, clown, circus manager (Burton's circus)

Active Sydney, NSW, by June 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HOLT, Marie (BROWN; Mrs. Clarence HOLT)

Actor, dancer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1854 (per Oliver Lang, from Liverpool, 29 June)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (25 September 1854), 4

The theatrical world will learn with pleasure, that Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Holt, from the Royal Olympic Theatre, London, have come out in the Oliver Lang, for the purpose of following their profession in these colonies. The whole of the passengers, reaching nearly 500 souls, have enjoyed remarkably good health, and not a single death occurred during the passage.

"GEELONG", The Argus (11 October 1854), 4

"MRS. HOLT'S BENEFIT", Geelong Advertiser (31 March 1856), 2

"COLEMAN'S LYCEUM", The Argus (27 June 1856), 5

The farce of "Lola Montez", originally produced at the Haymarket Theatre, was performed after the play, Mrs. Holt burlesquing the terpsichorean and elocutionary peculiarities of Lola with immense success. The Spider Dance was an admirable parody of the original, and the speech that followed elicited shouts of laughter. Mrs. Holt is an excellent farce actress, and also a dancer of no ordinary calibre.

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (28 April 1863), 2

[News], South Australian Register (22 January 1900), 5

"OBITUARY", The Daily News (6 October 1903), 5  

Bibliography and resources:

Dennis Shoesmith, "Holt, Joseph Thomas (Bland) (1851-1942)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)


1 or 2 musicians, clarinettist (1857), violinist and bandmaster (1871-74)

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1857
Active Alexandra, VIC, 1871
Active Benalla, VIC, 1873-74


[Advertisement], The Star (20 August 1857), 3 

. . . The Proprietor having determined upon affording the inhabitants of Ballarat, and its environs, a grand musical treat - a la Jullien - has engaged the most celebrated artistes in the colonies, thus forming
A MONSTER BAND, The solo performers consisting of
Herr Richty and Herr Weideman, 1st Violins.
Monsieur Feon, and Herr Rodi, 2nd Violins.
Herr Keitel, and - Navaiski. Tenor.
Herr Elliott, Contra Bass.
Herr Bohler, Flute.
Herr Bouleke, 1st Clarionet.
Herr Holzapfell, 2nd Clarionet.
Herr Vohr, Oboe.
Herr Ide, 1st Cornet.
Herr Busse, 2nd Cornet.
Herr Schulze, Trombone.
Mr Parker, Pianist.
Monsieur PIETRO CANNA, on the Drums.
Leader of the Band, HERR RICHTY . . .

[Advertisement], Alexandra Times (8 December 1870), 3 

BRASS AND STRING BAND. Mr. Holzapfel BEGS to inform the Hotel-keepers and others that he is prepared to supply a BRASS & STRING BAND during the coming Christmas and New Year holidays at Pic-nics, Balls, Private Parties, Races, &c., on the most reasonable terms. MR. HOLZAPLFEL, Bandmaster.

[Advertisement], The North Eastern Ensign [Benalla, VIC] (2 October 1874), 3 

MR. W. HOLZAPFEL, VIOLINIST AND TEACHER OF MUSIC, BANDMASTER TO THE RECHABITE BAND, BEGS to inform the public of Benalla and neighborhood that he can be engaged for PRIVATE PARTIES, BALLS, &c., SUPPLYING BANDS WITH MUSIC. Apply at the North Eastern Ensign office, Benalla.

HONEY, Henry John (John Henry HONEY; Henry HONEY)

Musician, convict

Convicted Devon Assizes, England, 25 July 1835
Arrived NSW, 17 January 1836 (convict per John Barry, from Torbay, England, 7 September 1835)
Active NSW, 1839-41


"English Extracts. HORRIBLE MURDER", The Australian (2 February 1836), 2-3 

The town has been thrown into a great state of excitement by the perpetration of a fatal and horrible murder of a young married women, Jane Honey, the wife of Henry Honey, who resided with his father, Mr. Honey, a musician, at No. 11, King-street. The general belief is that the horrid deed was committed by the deceased's own husband ... [3] The deceased was about twenty eight years of age, and her husband only twenty two. They had been married several years, and were living together at his father's house. The father is a respectable man, an an old inhabitant of his place (Plymouth). The deceased's father has been dead some time. Her mother is living here, and keeps the Rose & Crown a public house in Old Town-street. Her feelings on the occasion may be easier imagined than described. The father of the deceased's husband was from home at Portsmouth. General report states that the deceased's husband has for some time past been leading a gay life. - Plymouth Pap.

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Herald (13 February 1839), 2 

[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (18 December 1839), 1458 

Honey John Henry, John Barry (3), 25, Devonshire, musician, 5 feet 8 1/2 inches, dark pale comp, brown hair, chestnut eyes, eyebrows meeting, several small moles on left arm, from William Lawson, Bathurst, since November 26.

[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (16 April 1841), 540 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 April 1841), 3 

"TICKETS OF LEAVE CANCELLED", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1845), 2 

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1846), 2 

"DRUNKENNESS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (9 May 1849), 2 

HOOD, Robin Vaughan (R. V. HOOD)

Music publisher, lithographer

Born ? UK, 1802
Arrived 27 June 1833 (per Warrior)
Died Hobart, TAS, 1888 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HOOD, Major Lloyd (M. L. HOOD)

Music lithographer, artist

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 July 1834 (son of Robin HOOD and Sarah LLOYD)
Died Hobart, TAS, 16 January 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HOOD, Thomas Lloyd (T. L. HOOD)

Music-seller, music lithographer, stationer, bookseller

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19 January 1843 (son of Robin HOOD and Sarah LLOYD)
Died Hobart, TAS, May 1904 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A colonist of many years standing, the lithographer and printer Robin Vaughan Hood was directly associated with at least 4 (possibly 6 or more) music prints. He published and probably lithographed Francis Hartwell Henslowe's The song of the fair emigrant (1854), The Louis Napoleon polka (1854), and The Charlie Parker polka, and since the cover of the latter also mentions that it is the "Midland Grand Steeple Chase Waltzes. No. 3", Hood may also have been responsible for the unidentified Nos 1 & 2.

Reviewing the Louis Napoleon polka, the Mercury observed: "Hood has lithographed a cover in a creditable style, but his execution of the polka itself is not so distinct as might be wished".

R. V. Hood is also named as the lithographer of John Charles Tapp's Tasmanian sacred melodies (1855).

His second son, M. L. Hood was co-proprietor, with John Henry Manly, of Tasmanian Punch (published from 21 July to 29 December 1866).

A Mercury review identifies him as music lithographer of W. C. Robinson's Anthem: Hundredth Psalm, published by J. Walch and Sons in March 1864. His other work for Walch includes Frederick Buck's The young recruit march (undated, c. 1865), and he is positively identified on the cover as the lithographer of Adeline ("Composed by A. Y. Z. [i.e. "A Wise Head"]; written for the music by J. R. Betts"), published by Walch in 1867.


"MR. F. H. HENSLOWE", Colonial Times (8 December 1854), 2

"THE LOUIS NAPOLEON POLKA", The Hobarton Mercury (27 December 1854), 2

"SACRED MELODIES", The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

"Tasmanian Contributions to Paris, 1855, No XIV", The Courier (27 September 1855), 2


[Advertisement], The Mercury (11 March 1864), 1

"SACRED MUSIC", The Mercury (11 March 1864), 2

"MARRIED", The Mercury (25 June 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 March 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (29 March 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 June 1870), 1

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (17 January 1913), 4

Bibliography and resources:

"Robin Vaughan Hood", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"Hood, Major Lloyd (1834-1913)"

HOOKE, Edwin


Active Hobart, TAS, by 1859



... As usual the music was excellently performed, Mr. Edwin Hooke presiding at the organ, and Mr. H. Hunter leading the choir. The following was the music selected for the occasion: - Kyrie in B flat-Haydn I; Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Benedictus - Van Bree. Agnus Dei in B flat - Haydn I. This pretty little church was built under the auspices of Mr. Henry Hunter, to whose architectural taste it bears full testimony ...

"ORGANIST'S UNIQUE RECORD", The Mercury (1 September 1923), 15

... Notwithstanding such long service, Miss Reichenberg is still capable of efficiently rendering such difficult compositions. Her career, like the history of the church in which she has spent so much of her life, has some interesting associations with the musical history of Hobart. Her father, Mr. Joseph Reichenberg, who died in 1851, was band-master of H.M. 40th Regiment, and conducted the first musical concert of which there is a record in Hobart as far back as 1826. In 1841, when the church of St. Joseph was first opened, he became its first choirmaster and organist, and among his successors prior to his daughter taking her position were the late Charles Packer, uncle to the well-known musical family of that name and a musician of the highest degree; also Mr. Edmund Roper, Mr. Hook, and other musicians of 60 years and more ago ...



Active Victoria, c.1850


Frank Hooper composed the music to W. J. D. Arnold's words of the Victorian Separation song, Hark to the strains that triumphant are swelling (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [c.1850]).

He is perhaps Francis L. Hooper, a surgeon and medical officer who had arrived in Australia as a ship's surgeon by 1849, and died in Mornington, VIC, on 30 November 1896, aged 74.


"POLICE COURT", South Australian Register (18 August 1849), 3

"GOVERNMENT GAZETTE", The Argus (14 September 1859), 5

"MORNINGTON", Mornington Standard (3 December 1896), 3


Dancing master

Born ? UK, c.1813
Active Hobart Town, TAS, 1843-52
Died Hobart, TAS, 24 September 1853, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Gattey Hopkins, "late of the Firm of Hopkins and Sons, of London", first advertised as a dancing master in Hobart in June 1843. At his quarterly ball in April 1844, his band consisted of Duly, Gautrot, Curtis and Singer, and in August, "a hornpipe by a young gentleman amateur, a pupil of Mr. Gattey Hopkins, was very much admired ... Master Barfoot".

Hopkins was described "as late of this city", when his daughter Ann Sophia, married the bandsman and composer, Arthur S. Hill, of the 99th Regiment, at St. Joseph's Church, Hobart, in April 1854.

A John Gattey Hopkins, professor of dancing, of Cheapside, London, had been insolvent in December 1830.


"INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London Gazette 18755 (10 December 1830), 2596

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 June 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (9 January 1844), 2

"MR. GATTEY HOPKINS'S BALL", Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 3

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (19 August 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (4 January 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 October 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 November 1852), 4

1853, deaths in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1191632; RGD35/1/4 no 566 

"MARRIED", The Courier (18 April 1854), 2


Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (government immigrants per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Saxe+Horn+Band (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORE, Joseph (senior; Joseph Joery HORE)

Musician, tailor

Born Shaldon, Devon, England, 1801; son of James HORE (1770-1851) and Jane STEPHENS (1775-1850)
Married Elizabeth HALL (1798-1866), St. Nicholas, Ringmore, Devon, 29 June 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1865, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORE, Phillip William


Born Shaldon, Devon, England, 1825
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 January 1856

HORE, Joseph Percival (Joseph HORE, junior)


Born Shaldon, Devon, England, 1827
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March)
Married Ellen Esther CLOTHIER, St. Peter's, Melbourne, 19 April 1852
Died Collingwood, VIC, 9/10 November 1859, aged 32 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORE, Samuel

Musician, trombone player, arranger

Born Devon, England, 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March)
Died Richmond, VIC, 15 December 1905, aged 71 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORE, James


Born St. Nicholas, Devon, England, 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March)
Died Abbotsford, Collingwood, VIC, August 1893, aged 57

HORE, Rufus (Rufus HORE; Mr. R. HORE)

Musician, horn player, publican

Born Newton Abbot, Devon, 1840
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 July 1849 (per Hope, from Plymouth, 7 March)
Married Edith LEACH (1843-1889), Holy Trinity, East Melbourne, 25 December 1865
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 30 December 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORE, Rufus Henry


Born Collingwood, VIC, 11 June 1855; son of Joseph Percival HORE and Ellen Esther CLOTHIER
Died Fitzroy, VIC, Melbourne, June 1889

HORE, Allan

Musician, trombone player

Born VIC, 19 April 1876; son of Samuel HORE and Helen Gertrude SILVESTER
Died VIC, 1950 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Disposal list of the Immigrants per the Ship "Hope" . . .; Public Record Office Victoria 

Hore / Joseph / Tailor / 48
Elizabeth / Housekeeper / 50
Joseph / Tailor / 22
Samuel / Stonemason / 14
Mary Jane / Stay maker / 18
Children, James / 13; John / 11; Rufus / 9; Jacob / 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 August 1849), 3

GERMAN QUARTETTE SOIREES. The second of the series of German Quartette Concerts, will take place on TUESDAY EVENING NEXT, the 28th inst., In the large room of the Prince of Wales Hotel. THE Songs will be accompanied by Mr. Buddee . . . To give additional variety to the entertainment, the Messrs Hore will perform a quartette on the saxe horn, and Master Hore (12 years of age) will perform a solo on the same instrument.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (29 August 1849), 2 

The German singers seem almost fated in point of weather, their last soiree having been on the coldest and foggiest night of the season, and last night being very threatening, with occasional heavy showers. In spite of all, however, a very numerous and respectable assemblage met at the Prince of Wales, and were rewarded by some very good music, and a pleasant evening. Many of the quartettes were of extreme beauty, and very well given; Mr. Buddee's solos excessively brilliant and effective, and the horn playing of the Messrs. Hore, both deserved and excited great applause, and added much to the variety and pleasure of the entertainment. The solo of the younger Hore, a lad of twelve years of age, was particularly effective, and received an unanimous encore. And in speaking favourably of his performance, we do it the more conscientiously, from the fact of our taste not generally lying in the direction of "infant phenomena," a genus to which wo confess a strong antipathy. In consequence, we presume, of the late news of the attack on the Queen, the evening wound up with the National Anthem, listened to with a degree of loyalty, which would have sent our friend with the "Democracy" mania, happy to his couch for once.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 September 1849), 3

Musical Entertainment. THE public are respectfully informed that the Sax Horn Performers, just arrived from England, intend giving an Evening's Entertainment, at the Mechanic's Institute, on Tuesday, the 11th instant. For particular see the Programme.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1849), 3 

J. HORE BEGS to announce that he intends giving an Evening's Entertainment on the Sax Horns, at the Mechanics' Institute, on TUESDAY, the 11th instant, on which occasion he has engaged the German Quartetto Singers, and Mr. Crook, who has just arrived from London, where he has appeared before the first nobility.
The Concert will commence precisely at eight o'clock.
Tickets to ho obtained at Messrs. Pullar, Pitman, and Clarke, Booksellers, Collins-street and Mr. Megson, Music Warehouse, Swanston-street; Mr. Robe, Watchmaker, Collins-street; and Mr. J. Hore, opposite "Fitzroy Arms," King-street. Tickets - 3s.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (11 September 1849), 2

The musical entertainment of the Messrs Hore takes place this evening, at the Mechanics' Institute, and we can assure such of our readers as have not heard the performance of those gentlemen, on the sax-horn, that they have not often the opportunity of listening to such spirit-stirring music.

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (22 September 1849), 3 

Saxe Horn Band. J. HORE RESPECTFULLY informs the inhabitants of Melbourne, of his intention of attending to dinner parties and balls, with the highly esteemed instrument the SAXE HORN; and as the band consists of his own family, he can attend at tire shortest notice. Private lessons on the Cornopean. Orders received at Mr. Robe's Watch-maker, Great Collins-street, and at Mr. Hore's Tailor, opposite Fitzroy Arms, King-street.

"THE SAX HORN BAND", Geelong Advertiser (6 December 1849), 2 

On Tuesday evening last, we were kindly favored with an invitation by Mr. R. Fawcett, to a private concert by the Sax Horn Band, and we freely admit that music never so much charmed us as on that occasion - the harmonious strains were truly delicious. The pieces that we heard were exceedingly various in character and equally charming in the sostenuto and the staccato passages, but particularly in the latter, which were executed in a masterly style, and were as crisp as any fastidious ear could desire. We have no hesitation in giving the palm to Monsieur Sax's noble invention as the acme of perfection in Brass Instruments. The horn in appearance is exceedingly graceful, and appears to be a combination of the cornet-a-piston, and the French horn, it has three valves, but unlike the cornopean, each valve is open at the bottom, and the performers are under no necessity of carrying a parcel of crooks about with them as is necessary with that instrument; the Sax horn being capable of producing every semi-tone within its compass. The occasion of their visit was accidental - it appears that Mr. Clarke had engaged the Messrs Hore and Sons to give a series of concerts, at Mack's Hotel, during the Regatta week, and as Mr. Elmes had expressed an intention of opposing Mr. Clarke's arrangements the matter was dropped for the present, but by the peculiar management of the Melbourne Post office, a letter which had been sent by the Friday's mail had not reached its destination on Monday night. We are informed that Mr. Clarke is making arrangements so that the public will shortly have an opportunity of hearing this truly novel and beautiful instrument.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1850), 3

THIS EVENING . . . MR. REED'S CONCERT . . . Mr. Reed has engaged THE SAX HORN BAND Who will assist in the Instrumental pieces; he has also obtained the use of several military drums and other instruments, which he hopes to give the original effects in JULLIEN'S CELEBRATED DRUM POLKA . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I. OVERTURE - "LA GAZZA LADRA", military drums, &c. - Rossini . . .
PART II. SHAKSPERIAN OVERTURE, Introducing all the favourite ancient dramatic melodies, arranged expressly for the occasion by T. Reed - Sir H. R. Bishop . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 October 1850), 1

THE MESSRS. HORE, having received from London, the most fashionable and admired Waltzes, Quadrilles, and Polkas, are prepared to enter into engagements for public or private balls, festivals, assembles, &c. Mr. Hore, in thanking the Gentry of Melbourne for their approbation and support since their arrival in Port Phillip, would beg to remind settlers in the interior, that the band consists of HIMSELF and SONS, which gives them a great superiority over other professionals, in preparing them to accept at a moment's notice engagements in the bush. He has great pleasure, therefore, in acquainting such settlers as may require their services for private or public assemblies, or for rejoicings in commemoration of Separation, that on due notice being given, he is prepared to go to any part of the interior where the services of his band may be deemed requisited. Communications addressed to Mr. Hore, Saxe Horn Band, Elizabeth-street, will be promptly attended at.
N.B. - Mr. Hore respectfully requests settlers when applying by letter, to refer him to some gentleman in town, with whom he can consult, to prevent any misunderstanding.
Instructions given for brass instruments of every description.

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 October 1850), 3

GRAND MUSICAL PROMENADE. Under the Patronage of His Honor the Superintendent and His Worship the Mayor. VICTORIA CITY BAND. JOSEPH HORE, has gnat pleasure, in acquainting the ladies and gentlemen of Melbourne, Richmond, New Town, Collingwood, &c. that by permission of His Worship the Mayor, the Victoria City Band will meet on the Eastern Hill, opposite St. Peter's Church, on Tuesday in each week, from 6 till 8 o'clock, p.m. for the performance of the most popular musical celebrities of the day. In introducing in the city so desirable an acquisition as the regular performances of a public band and the formation of a musical promenade during the ensuing summer, it is hoped that it will meet the approbation of all classes of the community. The first meeting of the Band will take place on Tuesday evening, 22nd of October.

"MUSICAL PROMENDADE", The Argus (23 October 1850), 2 

A considerable number of people assembled yesterday evening to witness the performance of the new band organised by Mr. Hore. The evening was very unfavorable, being black and threatening, and the site selected was not very suitable, being surrounded on all sides by dusty roads. Despite these drawbacks, however, some very pretty polkas, airs, and overtures were given in a style very creditable indeed for the short time that the band has been formed. If well supported, the scheme is capable of producing some very agreeable evenings, and if not well supported, the citizens will prove themselves utterly tasteless, and unworthy of the offer of a most pleasant recreation.

"THE SAXE HORN BAND", The Melbourne Daily News (31 October 1850), 2 

This band contributed very much to enliven the visitors at the Horticultural Show. The performers have really attained a very respectable pitch of perfection.

"MUSICAL PROMENDADE", The Melbourne Daily News (31 October 1850), 2 

The second meeting of the Victoria City Band took place last night. The evening was much more pleasant than the first one, and more regard was had to order and general comfort contiguous to the stand, a policeman being stationed near to prevent the encroachment of children. The pieces were played accurately and with spirit, and appeared to be well received. Polkas, gallops, and marches infused life and energy through the assembly, and made the Promenade extremely lively. The overture to the Caliph of Bagdad was the chief piece of the evening, and great praise is due to Mr. Hore for the manner in which it was brought out. It is something to hear an overture in this antipodian territory, especially under the circumstances with which these are performed, every individual possessing taste and judgment in such matters, having but to "walk up," as the showman would express it - for the small charge of - the trouble, and share in the gratuitous enjoyment. I have been informed that Handel's Hallelujah Chorus is under arrangement for the band, and when produced will afford a rich treat for the lovers of sacred harmony. - Communicated.

"SEPARATION REJOICINGS. THE GARDENS", The Argus (19 November 1850), 1s

. . . The children to the number of five or six thousand, marched in procession to the gardens with their little banners, and headed by the Saxe Horn Band. After parading for a while, they marched over the bridge, and received in passing, from the hands of Mr. Marsden, and others a distribution of the ten thousand buns specially ordered for the occassion. His Lordship the Bishop of Melbourne appeared delighted at this innocent, yet hopeful spectacle . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1851), 3

CONCERT. MECHANICS' INSTITUTE MUSIC CLASS . . . Fantasia on Airs from Italian Operas - Saxe Horns - Hore . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 March 1852), 3

J. HORE returns his sincere thanks to the inhabitants of Melbourne for their kind support, and begs respectfully to inform the gentry, that he has just received from England a good selection of Polkas, Waltzes, and Quadrilles.
J. H. would also remind the public of his forming a strong quadrille band, consisting of a violin, violoncello, flute, and cornet; and hopes, by strict attention to the newest and most popular music, for a share of their kind support.
Lonsdale-street, East.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1853), 8 

Promenade Concerts à la Jullien.
AT THE Olympic Circus, top of Bourke-street, east.
THE Public are respectfully informed that this Establishment will be open every evening this week.
Mr. W. F. Sayer, of the London Concerts.
Sax Horns. Mr. Hore and his five sons.
Mr. Dawson, the comic singer, will give some of his popular ditties.
Instrumental solos will form part of the entertainment on every occasion, by some of the most eminent performers now in the Colony.
Every evening a Grand Band will perform, conducted by Mr. J. Winterbottom, the only solo performer on the bassoon . . .

"MARRIED", The Argus (15 August 1853), 4

MARRIED. On the 8th inst., at St. Peter's Church, Melbourne . . . Mr. W. T. Bovey, youngest son of Mr. Bovey, schoolmaster, of Buckfastleigh, Devonshire, England, to Mary Jane eldest daughter of Mr. Hore, Master of the Saxehorn band, Melbourne, late of Shaldon, Devonshire, England. On the 27th June, ult., at the Wesleyan Chapel, Collins-street, Melbourne ... William, second son of Mr. John Marris, timber merchant, Melbourne, to Lauretta, second daughter Mr. Joseph Hore, master of the Saxehorn band, Shaldon, Devon, England.

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (29 October 1853), 5 

We perceive by an advertisement in this day's Argus, that Mr. Rowe has determined to provide not only a new and choice of beautiful music for the visitors to the American Circus, but that he has also determined from and after Monday next, to have new instruments and new performers. Hore's Sax Horn Band is engaged to perform there every evening. The talent of the various members of Hore's Band on their respective instruments is well known, but should be heard to be appreciated.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 February 1854), 8

"AN OUTRAGEOUS 'STICKING-UP' CASE", The Argus (10 May 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1854), 8

"DIED", The Argus (12 November 1859), 4

On the 10th inst., at his residence, Crayford Cottage, Gore-street, Mr. Joseph Percival Hore, musician, aged 32.

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 July 1865), 4

HORE. - On the 21st inst., at his late residence, 167, Lonsdale-street east, Melbourne, Joseph Hore, late of Shaldon, Devonshire, England, aged sixty-four.

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 June 1866), 4 

HORE. - On the 5th inst., at her residence, 167 Lonsdale-street east, Elizabeth, the widow of the late Joseph Hore, aged sixty-eight years.

[News], The Argus (18 March 1870), 5 

The annual meeting of the members of the Victorian Musical Association of Professional Musicians was held yesterday, at their rooms, Collins-street east; Herr Siede in the chair . . . The election of officers then proceeded, and the following were elected: - President, Mr. C. E. Horsley; secretary, Mr. Samuel Hore; treasurer, Mr. Jos. Hore; librarian, Herr Elsasser. - The following were elected to fill the vacancies in the committee: - Messrs. Lundberg, Siede, Caws, Jager, Berg, and Bentley . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (31 December 1886), 1 

HORE. - On the 30th inst., at his late residence, Leviathan Hotel, Gertrude-street, Fitzroy, Mr. Rufus Hore, a colonist of over 37 years standing, aged 47 years.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (17 June 1889), 1 

THE Friends of the late Mr. RUFUS HENRY HORE, musician, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, the Melbourne General Cemetery.

"Death", The Argus (19 August 1893), 12

HORE. - At his late residence, 14 Hoddle-street, Abbotsford, James Hore, musician, bandmaster of the Gordon Cadet and St. Ignatius Bands; last survivor but one of Hore's Saxhorn Band, Melbourne, 1849; aged 57.

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Australian Star (22 April 1899), 9 

Mr. H. Deidrichson, the popular conductor for Mr. Robert Brough, again occupies his accustomed position at the Theatre Royal, and has in his orchestra a Mr. Samuel Hore, a musician who has seen 60 years of professional service in the colonies. Mr. Joseph Hore, father of the former, was the bandmaster of the first band formed in Australia, and conducted it at the swearing-in of the first Governor of Victoria, at the opening of the old Prince's Bridge, and at the laying of the foundation stone of St. Patrick's' Cathedral in 1850. The full strength of performers consisted of about six brass instruments, but Mr. S. Hore had the satisfaction of seeing the band grow to nearly 60 players. He has played first trombone under every conductor of note who has appeared in either Sydney or Melbourne.

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 December 1905), 13

HORE. - On the 15th December, at his residence, 102 Dover-street, South Richmond, Samuel Hore, musician, the dearly beloved husband of Helen Hore, aged 71 years. Last survivor of Hore's Saxhorn Band in Melbourne, 1849. No flowers, by his special request.

"A Veteran Musician", Daily Telegraph [Launceston, TAS] (20 December 1905), 5 

Mr. Samuel Hore, who died at his residence, 102 Dover-street, Richmond [VIC], on 16th inst., arrived in Victoria at the age of 14. Coming from a musical family, he turned his attention to trombone playing, and his proficiency soon won for him a local reputation. His father, Joseph Hore, was bandmaster of the first band formed in Australia, and conducted it at the swearing in of the first Governor in Victoria, at the opening of the old Prince's Bridge, and at the laying of the foundation stone of St. Patrick's Cathedral in 1850. The full strength of the performers at that time consisted of about six instruments, but Mr. Hore had the satisfaction of seeing the Saxhorn Band grow to about 60 performers. Deceased had seen 50 years' unbroken professional service in the colonies, and had played first trombone and double bass under every conductor of note in Australia. Prior to being seized with illness about six months ago he had not missed a performance of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society since its Inauguration. His general knowledge of musical instruments was invaluable to theatrical managers, and he had orchestrated most of the operas produced in Australia, including Sir William Robinson's "Predatorus." Deceased, who was 71 years of age, leaves a widow, six sons and two daughters.

Bibliography and resources:

"Garryowen" [Edmund Finn], Chronicles of early Melbourne 1835 to 1852, Vol. 2 (Melbourne: Fergusson and Mitchell, 1888), 539

... Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne . . . land was purchased in Russell Street . . . and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall . . . The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony. They were the first to introduce saxe-horns here. They formed a quartette, consisting of P. Hore, first horn; J. Hore, second; S. Hore, tenor; and R. Hore, Senr., bass.

"MELBOURNE'S FIRST BAND", The Age (23 March 1939), 4

Ten more years must pass before Melbourne can celebrate its centenary of band music, according to Mr. Allan Hore, veteran bandsman and orchestral player, who has been compelled to cast his trombone aside and accept employment in a more regular form of occupation than in the realms of music. Mr. Hore recalls that his father, the late Samuel Hore, was a member of the first band established in Melbourne. Known, naturally enough, as Hore's Band, the combination was a first purely a family venture, formed by Mr. Samuel Hore, his four brothers and their father, who arrived here from the Old Country in 1849. The Hore family continued to provide band music in Melbourne for many years. Mr. Allan Hore was trombone player in orchestras for J. C. Williamson Ltd., mainly at His Majesty's Theatre, for 28 years . . .

HORN, Mr. (Mr. HORN)

Scottish vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (7 November 1854), 1 

MR. McFARLANE has the honour to announce to the people of Sydney and its vicinity, that he will give a series of Weekly Concerts at the above place. He will be assisted by
Mr. Horn, lately from Edinburgh, and W. B. Dingwall, of this city.
Solo, and Chorus - "Scots wha' ha'e" (Burns) - Messrs. McFarlane, Dingwall, and Horn.
Song - "Gloomy winter" (Tanahill), Mr. McFarlane.
Song - "Jock o' Hazeldean" (Sir Walter Scott) - Mr. Dingwall.
Song - "Wha's for Scotland and Charlie" (Jacobite) - Mr. Horn.
Song - "My boy Tammy" (H. Macneill) - Mr. Dingwall.
Song - "My heather hills." Mr. Horn.
Interval of ten minutes.
Solo and Chorus - "The Beatie Rows" (unknown) - Messrs. Mc Farlane, Horn, and Dingwall.
Song - "I'm thinking now of thee, Jamie" (unknown) - Mr. Dingwall.
Comic Song - "The Widow's Apology" (Alexander Rodgers) - Mr. McFarlane.
Duet - "Albion, on thy fertile plains" (Braham) - Messrs. Horn and McFarlane.
Humorous Song - "Rantin', Roving Robin" (unknown) - Mr. Horn.
Duet- "My Patie is a lover gay" (A. Ramsay)- Messrs. Dingwall and McFarlane.
Glee - "Fair Fiora decks" (Danby) - Messrs. Dingwall, McFarlane, and Horn.
Finale, Song and Chorus - There is nae luck about the house" - By the Company.
Mrs. Shaw, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1 

HORN, Annette Elise (Mrs. Charles LOWE)

Harp player ("daughter of the late celebrated harpist" [Henry Horn]), pianist

Born ? London, England, c. 1827
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854
Died Payneham, SA, 31 August 1893, aged 66 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (3 August 1854), 3 

. . . Mrs. Jupp begs to state that Miss Horn having received her Harp from England, has kindly offered her assistance on the occasion of her Concert this evening . . .

"CONCERT", South Australian Register (4 August 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 April 1858), 1

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

... The piece which followed was a trio - "Desolate is the dwelling of Norma"- by Miss Rowe, Mr. Daniel, and Miss Bryan ... A solo on the harp by Miss Horn, selected from Meyerbeer, followed.

"SIGNOR CUTLOLO'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (16 June 1859), 3

We wish we could speak in warmer terms of the performance on the harp. The instrument was not precisely in tune, and one if not two of its strings snapped in the playing; and again the piece selected was not so popular as might have been chosen, so that Miss Horn laboured under disadvantages which even Bochsa himself might not have succeeded in surmounting. To our mind the harp is always heard to best advantage in combination with the piano, and an air such as the "British Grenadiers" arranged as a duet for the two instruments would, we make no doubt, have been as popular as any part of the evening's entertainment.

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

"SIGNOR CUTLOLO'S CONCERT", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (18 June 1859), 7

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 May 1862), 1

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (19 May 1863), 2

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (29 April 1864), 3

"GOOLWA", South Australian Register (4 May 1864), 3

"DEATHS", Evening Journal (31 August 1893), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 September 1893), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo 2014, 104-05, also 20 (DIGITISED)

HORN, Mrs. Charles Edward (Maria HORTON)

Vocalist, composer's widow

Married Charles Edward HORN, England, 1838
Died USA, 1887 (never visited Australia, but relatives here)


"Tarago", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (2 April 1887), 4 

Tarago. The Referee announces the death, at the age of 76, of Mrs. Charles E. Horn, widow of the composer of "Cherry Ripe." Mrs. Horn was a sister of Miss Priscilla Horton (Mrs. German Reed), also sister of the late John Horton, many years of Goulburn, and aunt of John Horton, now of Tarago; and in early life she was a popular opera singer. For more than half-a-century she had resided in the United States.

Charles Edward Horn (1786-1849): (NLA persistent identifier)

John Horton (d.1876) or Goulburn, and his son John Horton of Tarago, were both hotel-keepers; the musician Thomas Reed, of Melbourne, was father-in-law of Priscilla Horton.

HORN, Charles Hermann (Dr. C. H. HORN)

Professor of Music, composer

Born ? Germany, c. 1825
Active Sydney-Newcastle-Maitland, NSW, from 1857
Died Redfern, NSW, 19 April 1887, in his 63rd year (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Described in his death notice as "of Hamburg, Germany", this probably precludes a near relationship with the German-English Horns, Charles Frederick Horn (1762-1830), born in Nordhausen, and his English-born son Charles Edward Horn (1786-1849).

He may be the Dr. Horn who was a teacher of modern languages at the King's School, Parramatta, in 1857, though perhaps more like the Dr. H. Horn below (or, perhaps, they were the same person).

A glee Tell me not by "Dr. Horn" sung in a concert at Maitland in 1858, when our Charles was already living there, was probably a version of the song Tell me not in sorrow by Charles Edward Horn (not a Dr.), whose popular compositions were anyway regularly sung in Australia, and some also published, notably the ballads Long time ago and My dark hair'd girl, and the duet I know a bank whereon the wild thyme grows, all first issued in the colony by Francis Ellard in Sydney.

None of the German-Australian Dr. Horn's musical works were published or are otherwise known to survive, though he introduced two at his own concerts: in December 1860 There is a happy land ("hymn ... composed by Dr. Horn for three voices"), and in March 1865 a Magnificat ("composed by Dr. Chas. Horn, conductor of the choir, and produced on this occasion for the first time").

Horn was billed as "Leader of the orchestra" for a performance of Messiah by Sydney Choral Society in December 1871.


? [Advertisement], Adelaide Times (30 September 1854), 3 

WAR RELIEF FUND ... Collected by C. H. Horn, Esq., Port Wakefield ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1857), 12

[Advertisement], Empire (26 June 1858), 1 

The Maitland High School will be resumed after the holidays ... They have ... engaged an additional master, Dr. Charles Hermann Horn ...

[Advertisement]: "BENEFIT CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (18 November 1858), 3

"MAITLAND HIGH SCHOOL", The Maitland Mercury (21 December 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 December 1859), 1

"THE NEWCASTLE SINGING ACADEMY CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (25 December 1860), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (2 September 1862), 1

"THE LATE REV. DEAN GRANT. REQUIEM MASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1864), 4

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (21 March 1865), 3

"DEATHS", Evening News (2 October 1871), 2 

On the 30th July, at Hamburgh, Frederica Horn, in the 80th year of her age, relict of the late Rev. Dr. H. G. Horn, of Hamburgh, and mother of Dr. Charles H. Horn, of Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1871), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1873), 8

"MUSIC & DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (12 May 1883), 898 

A movement has been started by some of the old pupils of Dr. Charles Horn, who has been prominent as a musician and teacher in the colony for 25 years, to present him with a testimonial in recognition of his services to art in that period. It is difficult to estimate the value of such work by a conscientious teacher in a young community, and that those who have profited by his knowledge thus recognise their obligation is creditable to all, particularly as the highest class of teaching is by no means that which is best paid. Mr. W. Neill, manager of the City Bank, is the hon. treasurer, and the promoters include many well-known ladies and gentlemen.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1887), 1

HORN. - April 19, at his residence, 36, Pitt-street, Redfern, Dr. Charles Horn, of Hamburg, Germany, in his 63rd year.

"SYDNEY", The Maitland Mercury (21 April 1887), 5

Dr. Charles Horn, a well known musical German resident, died yesterday.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1887), 11 

Bibliography and resources:

"Dr. Charles H. Horn", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

HORN, Dr. H.

Professor of Modern and Ancient Languages and Music, singing class instructor, organist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856-58 (but see Charles H. Horn above)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1858), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 May 1858), 1

HORNCASTLE, Frederick William (Frederick William HORNCASTLE; F. W. HORNCASTLE; Mr. HORNCASTLE)

See mainpage: 

HORNE, Master (Master HORNE; HORN)

Boy vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835


"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

On Tuesday evening [20 January] one of the most brilliant and fashionable assemblages that New South Wales can produce, assembled at the Pulteney Hotel for the purpose of hearing (as it turned out to be) some of the finest specimens of vocal and instrumental music ever before heard in this colony. The arrangements made by Mr. Cavendish, under whose superintendence the concert was got up, reflect infinite credit, on that gentleman . . . a glee by Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Aldis and Mr. Knowles gave entire satisfaction . . . glee, "Dame Durden," by Mr. Aldis, Mr. Knowles, and Master Horn, was middling . . . Solo and grand double chorus (Purcell), Knowles, in his first part, was greatly at fault, not being able to reach the high notes. Finale, "Figaro" (Mozart), by the whole band, was brilliant, and the company departed well pleased with the evening's entertainment . . .

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

. . . The principal singers were Mrs. Taylor, a young lady, Master Horne, Mr. Aldis, Mr. Ellis, and Mr. Knowles. The choruses were by the choir of the Roman Catholic Chapel. In all there were twenty-seven singers, and the incomparable band of the 17th Regt. There were upwards of three hundred persons present . . .

HORNE, Richard Hengist (Richard Henry HORNE; R. H. HORNE)

Vocalist, guitarist, pianist, librettist, author, poet

Born Edmonton, England, 31 December 1802
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, September 1852
Departed Melbourne, VIC, June 1869 (for England)
Died Margate, England, 13 March 1884 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)


Horne wrote librettos for four historically significant Australian musical works, The South Sea sisters, a "lyric masque", set to music by Charles Horsley for the opening of the Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition in 1866; a Threnody in memory of G. V. Brooke, set to music by Joseph Summers in the same year; the cantata Galatea secunda, with music again by Summers, celebrating the arrival of prince Alfred in 1867; and, for composer Carl Schmitt, a three-act opera Cazille, excerpts only from which were first performed in concert in Sydney in 1872.

Horne also appeared in public as a singer and guitarist and occasional pianist. Not for the first time (see July 1855 below), at a benefit for the actress Mrs. Brougham at Melbourne's Theatre Royal in November 1855, it was advertised that "R. H. Horne, Esq., will Sing a Spanish Romanza and Serenade", evidently a personal favourite (as much later attested by Gosse), for yet again in Melbourne in March 1869, only shortly before he left Australia finally to return to England, The Argus reported:

Mr. R. H. Horne sang a Spanish serenade with much feeling and expression, accompanying himself on the guitar very skilfully but the song did not seem to be appreciated by all present.

A musical "drawing-room" entertainment (also advertised as a "literary and musical lecture on national songs") he gave at the School of Arts in Sydney in December 1862 was reviewed in the Herald:

In a brief introductory address Mr. Horne stated, in explanation of his falling into the autobiographical vein, that he had travelled through many foreign countries, and had always taken an interest in learning their characteristic songs. He would have liked to have given some of the patriotic songs of those countries, but as they would produce very little effect without an orchestra, be must give up the thought of singing them. Mr. Horne proceeded to give a selection of the characteristic songs of different nations, accompanying himself upon the pianoforte or upon the guitar. The first of these was a German song entitled "Alexi", describing a lady sending a love message by a bird, which was followed by a German Student's duelling song. The next performance, which was a canzonetta, the words and music by Salvator Rosa, the celebrated painter, was stated by Mr. Horne to have been selected for the purpose of trying the acoustic properties of the hall. The piece, which affords good scope for vocal display, was sung with much power and animation ... As a further test of the acoustic properties of the hall, Mr. Horne gave a solo on the guitar, "The Last Rose of Summer" ... Other pieces in the first part of the entertainment were a Spanish fantasia "Vamos a las montanas", the Welsh song "Of a noble race was Shenkin", and a Tyrolese song. After a short interval Mr. Horne gave, with the guitar accompaniment, the Quirka Marjorr, a Mexican song dance, and described the dance as he had seen it at the Government balls at Vera Cruz, the effect being extremely brilliant and romantic ...

In The Southern Cross in December 1859, he also published a "Chinese Song".


"LATE ENGLISH NEWS", Colonial Times (17 September 1852), 2

"NEW MAGISTRATES", The Argus (1 September 1853), 5


Mr. R. Horne subsequently made his appearance in a Spanish costume, and sang a very pretty romance in that language. Although deficient in vocal power, the singer imparted such an exquisite delicacy of finish to his execution of the graceful melody he sang, that the audience complimented him by demanding an encore, and the morceau which Mr. Horne substituted was similarly treated. In addition to manifesting considerable ability as a singer, Mr. Horne proved himself, by his guitar accompaniment, a good musician.

"AMATEUR PERFORMANCE", The Argus (28 July 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1862), 1

"MR. HORNE'S MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1862), 5

[News], The Argus (8 March 1869), 4

"NEW OPERA", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 8

"Musical and Dramatic Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1872), 20

"THE LATE R. H. HORNE", The Argus (17 March 1884), 6

"BOOK OF THE WEEK", The Advertiser (8 September 1928), 28

Bibliography and resources:

Edmund Gosse, "ORION HORNE", Portraits and Sketches (London: Heinemann, 1913), 97ff

He had been baptized Richard Henry Home, but in late middle life he had changed the second of these names to Hengist. It was in 1874 that I set eyes on him first, in circumstances which were somewhat remarkable. The occasion was the marriage of the poet, Arthur O'Shaughnessy, to the eldest daughter of Westland Marston, the playwright. There was a large and distinguished company present, and most of the prominent "Pre-Raphaelites," as they were still occasionally called. In the midst of the subsequent festivities and when the bride was surrounded by her friends, a tiny old gentleman cleared a space around him, and, all uninvited, began to sit upon the floor and sing, in a funny little cracked voice, Spanish songs to his own accompaniment on the guitar. He was very unusual in appearance. Although he was quite bald at the top of his head, his milk-white hair was luxuriant at the sides, and hung in clusters of ringlets. His moustache was so long that it became whisker, and in that condition drooped, also in creamy ringlets, below his chin. The elder guests were inclined to be impatient, the younger to ridicule this rather tactless interruption. Just as it seemed possible something awkward would happen, Robert Browning stepped up and said, in his loud, cheerful voice: "That was charming. Horne! It quite took us to 'the warm South' again", and cleverly leading the old gentleman's thoughts to a different topic, he put an end to the incident ... This scene was very characteristic of Horne, who was gay, tactless, and vain to a remarkable degree. ... When he came back from Australia, I think about 1869, he was in very low water. He had managed very deeply to offend Charles Dickens, who had taken up the cause of Horne's neglected wife ... A little later Robert Browning, who had always felt a sincere regard for Horne, was able to be of practical service to him. ... In these days one used to meet him at afternoon parties, carrying with great care, under his arm, the precious guitar, which he called "my daughter", and was used ceremoniously to introduce as "Miss Horne". A little later in the evening Home would be discovered on a low stool, warbling Mexican romances, or murmuring with exaggerated gallantry to the prettiest girl in the room. All this time he was thirsting for publicity - if he could only be engaged to sing in public, to box in public, to swim in public, how happy he would be!

Ann Blainey, The farthing poet: a biography of Richard Hengist Horne 1802-84: a lesser literary lion (London: Longmans, 1968)

Ann Blainey, "Horne, Richard Henry (1802-1884)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)


Musician, voclaist, flautist, cornet player, flute player

Born London, England, 6 February 1828; baptised, St. Pancras Old Church, 8 March 1828, son of William HORNIDGE (c.1798-1859) and Frances HORNIDGE (c. 1796-1839)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1853 (per Janet Mitchell, aged 24)
Married Emma Maria PARSONS (c. 1836-1930), VIC, 1859
Died Albert Park, VIC, 16 October 1913, "in his 86th year; a colonist of 60 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HORNIDGE, Francis Ernest (Francis Ernest HORNIDGE; F. E. HORNIDGE)

Professor of music, violinist, pianist

Born Albert Park, VIC, 1 August 1865
Died Warrandyte, VIC, 16 July 1929, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION] "THE ORCHESTRA", The Argus (2 August 1888), 5 supplement 

. . . 12 second violins, played by Messrs. Buttery, Conolly, Robins, Kruse, Hunter, Wilson, A. C. Quin, Hess, jun., L. Quin, Busch, Hornidge, jun., and Stevens . . .

"MUSICAL", Traralgon Record (19 August 1892), 2 

Mr. F. E. Hornidge advertises that he has commenced the practice of his profession in Sale, and is prepared to take pupils for the violin, pianoforte and harmony. Mr. Hornidge who was formerly playing with the Victorian Orchestra under Cowen and Hamilton Clarke, also acted as first violin at the Princess Theatre, which should be a sufficient guarantee that he is a first-class musician. Mr. Hornidge proposes to visit Traralgon once a week, and full particulars as to the date and terms may be had on application to this office.

[Advertisement], The Maffra Spectator (6 February 1899), 2 

F. E. HORNIDGE, (Pupil of George Weston and H. Curtis), Formerly of the Exhibition and Victorian Orchestras, PROFESSOR OF THE VIOLIN, PIANOFORTE, HARMONY, &c. . . .

"PERSONAL", Gippsland Times (20 October 1913), 3 

Mr. F. E. Hornidge for years was favorably known in Sale as a professor of music, and his friends will regret to learn that his father, Mr. John Pryce Hornidge, died at Albert Park on Thursday, in his 86th year.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 July 1929), 1 

HORNIDGE. - On the 16th July, at Warrandyte, Francis Ernest, beloved husband of N. W. Hornidge, loved father of Ferdinand and Briarly.

HORSLEY, Charles Edward

Pianist, conductor, organist, composer

Born London, England, 16 December 1822 (son of William Horsley)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 10 December 1861 (per British Trident)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, June 1867 (per Wonga Wonga)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1870
Departed Melbourne, ? August 1871 (per Great Britain, for England)
Died New York, USA, 28 February 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Disambiguation: Many colonial performances of works by his father William Horsley are documented, beginning with the song The tempest in the Sydney Amateur Concerts in 1826, and up to, for instance, at Charles Horsley's own concert in Melbourne in March 1863, when "Two well-known glees by Mr. W. Horsley, the father of Mr. C. E. Horsley, By Celia's arbour, and See the chariot at hand, were given in a style worthy of the composer. The former is one of the loveliest glees over written".


"THE SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Australian (21 June 1826), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1862), 3

[News], The Argus (24 February 1862), 5

On Saturday afternoon, the first of a series of four instrumental concerts, arranged by Mr. Horsley, a gentleman lately arrived in Melbourne, took place at the Mechanics' Institute, Collins street. The first piece selected was one of three quartets composed by Mozart, in G minor, in which the piano is one of the instruments. It was performed by Messrs. Horsley (piano), King (violin), Thomas (viola), and Reed (violoncello). The music is of a character rather classical than generally pleasing, though in the rondo movement the ear is delighted with the beauty of the modulations introduced. The piece, on the whole, was well played, but would have been better for more distinctness and less sound in the piano passages. The violin part had scarcely justice done to it. The piano generally was too loudly played, and Mr. Horsley does not seem entirely free from the very general error to which pianists are liable of forgetting the greater power and compass of their instruments as compared with the others, and by which these last are placed at a disadvantage. The difficulty and art of stringed instrument playing is to bring out the tone satisfactorily, whereas the greater amount of tone, or noise, with the piano, is often exhibited by the most inexperienced performers. While making these comments, however, we must not omit to state that many passages in this and the other pieces were played by Mr. Horsley with much delicacy and neatness. The next pieces were selections from Mendelssohn's beautiful "Songs without Words," played on the piano by Mr. Horsley ... The third piece was a quartet for two violins, viola, and tenor, a selection in which, next to the quintet, the most perfect balance of sound is preserved. It was one of Haydn's in G major, known as including the best of his minuets and trios. The quartet was performed by Mr. King, first violin; Herr Strebinger, second violin; Mr. Thomas, viola; and Mr. Reed, violoncello, and would have gone off much better, to our thinking, had the second violin changed places with the first. It is difficult to perceive why so accomplished a violinist as Herr Strebinger should play "second fiddle" to any artist at present in Melbourne, and although such arrangements may sometimes be done simply that each performer may have a turn, yet the public have a right to expect the best man will be placed foremost, as they do not meet to hear how this or that gentleman can do this or that, but how the composer's music may be best rendered. The next piece is known as the "Moonlight Sonata" of Beethoven. Mr. Horsley's rendering of this difficult piece was very fair, but the most brilliant and finished touch is required to bring the creation of the composer's genius to the mind's eye. The concert concluded with Mendelssohn's trio in D minor, by Messrs. Horsley, Strebinger, and Chapman ...

"MR. HORSLEY'S CONCERT", The Argus (6 March 1863), 5


[News], The Argus (12 September 1864), 5

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (16 September 1865), 6

"L'AFRICAINE. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (17 July 1866), 7


"THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (24 October 1866), 5

"LAW REPORT", The Argus (6 June 1867), 6

"METROPOLITAN DISTRICT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1868), 2

"Mr. C. E. Horsley ...", The Argus (29 May 1869), 5

"MR. HORSLEY'S CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (11 August 1870), 7

[Charles Wehle] ... Having no local interest to guard, and no part to take - Mr. Horsley having no rival - I may say, without fear of having my opinion misinterpreted, that he is, without any doubt, the greatest musician in this part of the globe; and the colony of Victoria may and should congratulate itself on the possession of an artist of such value. 

"MR. KENDALL'S NEW VERSION OT EUTERPE", The Argus (5 September 1870), 6

[News], The Argus (5 April 1871), 4

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Argus (29 April 1871), 6

"MR. HORSLEY'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (15 May 1871), 6

[News], The Argus (24 January 1872), 4

"DISTANT MUSIC (by Henry C. Lunn, From the London Musical Times)", Dwight's Journal of Music (4 May 1872), 226-27

[News], The Argus (1 May 1876), 5

By the mail steamer Bangalore news has been received of the death of Mr. Charles Edward Horsley, the well-known musician, on the 2nd of March [sic], at New York, where he had been living for the last two years. Mr. Horsley received his musical education in London, and arrived in Melbourne about 15 years ago, and at once took a leading position in the musical world. Shortly after his arrival he succeeded Herr Elsasser as conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and he was so earnest in his endeavours to make the society take a leading position, that he succeeded in giving it the prestige which it has ever since maintained. During this time he had a large musical practice in the city, and when the Intercolonial Exhibition of 1866 was proposed, he was engaged to compose a cantata. This he did, and it was performed with great success. The cantata was named the "South Sea Sisters", and the words were written by Mr. R. H. Horne, the author of "Orion". One chorus in the cantata, viz., the "Corroboree Chorus', has since been frequently performed in Melbourne, and always with success. Mr. Horsley was of an easy genial disposition, and by some means he got into difficulties, and about 1868 left Melbourne for Sydney. He was not at all successful there, and he decided upon again returning to Melbourne. Here he obtained the appointment of organist to St Francis' Church, was not so successful as he desired, but when the new Town-hall was opened, during the mayoralty of Mr. S. Arness, he was engaged to write a cantata for the occasion, and "Euterpe" was produced. In the following year Mr. Horsley left by the s.s. Great Britain for England, and settled down in Liverpool. About two years since he went across to New York, and obtained the appointment of conductor to one of the oldest musical societies in that city. He also obtained the appointment of organist to St. John's Church, which he held at the time of his death.

[News], The Argus (9 May 1876), 5

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (8 July 1876), 58

"THE LATE MR. C. E. HORSLEY. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (16 October 1876), 6

Musical works (selected):,_Charles_Edward 

Trio in B minor ("published years since in Germany" [1840]), Melbourne September 1864 

See also Musikalisch-kritisches Repertorium, 2, 52 

Violin concerto in D minor (1849), MS parts at National Library of Australia, Papers of J. S. Kruse (modern edition by Richard Divall)

Piano concerto in C minor, op. 24; incomplete MS in British Library; photocopy at University of Melbourne 

Gideon, a sacred lyrical oratorio, op. 50 (London: G. Rodwell, 1860)

Too late (choral scene; first time), Melbourne, July 1862

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

Comus (cantata, England 1854), Melbourne 7 December 1862

The evening star ("song with flute obligato"), Melbourne March 1863 

David (oratorio, England ?), Melbourne, 30 June 1863


String quartet no. 2 in E major (Melbourne, 1864) (modern edition: Richard Divall) also (facsimile edition of MS, at Musical Society of Victoria) (modern edition by Richard Divall)

The song of the nuns at Amesbury ("a new motete")

"In the world of music ...", The Argus (25 April 1865), 1s

Motett (Collect for the First Sunday in Advent; composed expressly for the Orpheus Union)

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1865), 8

Intercolonial Exhibition march 1866, op. 62 (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, 1866) 

The South Sea sisters, a lyric masque written for the opening of the Intercolonial Exhibition, op. 73 (Melbourne, 1866; words: R. H. Horne), Melbourne, 24 October 1866; original 1866 edition of the words only 

The Galatea waltz (Sydney: The composer, 1867) 

England's welcome galop (Sydney: H. Marsh, [1868]) 

Tell me Mary how to woo thee [Hodson]; newly edited and arranged by C. E. Horsley) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1868?]) 

My Bud is in heaven [Massett] (pianoforte accompaniment newly edited by C. E. Horsley) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1868?]) 

A musical joke (the famous nursery rhymes, Jack and Gill; and Sing a song of sixpence, set to music, and arranged as four-part songs by Charles Edward Horsley) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1868]) 

Chota waltz (played at Madame Bishop's concert by the composer) ([Sydney: ?, 1868])

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1868), 8

Communion service responses (September 1869) (MS: Sydney, Christ Church; facsimile: Forsyth, 528 (532)

Euterpe, op. 76: an ode to music (words: Henry Kendall), Melbourne, 9 August 1870)

Extracts from the above:

All hail to thee, Sound (chorus; modern edition by Philip Legge)

Ah and when that meek eyed maiden from Euterpe (Melbourne: published for the composer by W. H. Glen, [1870?])

Three pieces from Euterpe (arranged for Florence Mary James by the composer, Charles Edward Horsley. Florence Mary James, from C. E. H. 1871): 1. Slumber song (MS); 2. Waltz chorus from "Euterpe" (MS); 3. Ah and when that meek eyed maiden (printed edition, Melbourne: W. H. Glen)

Dreams of the past (ballad: words: Eliza Cook; Composed by Charles Edward Horsley for Mr. T. B. Browning, Melbourne 1871); facsimile edition of MS 

Other writings:

Charles Edward Horsley, "Reminiscences of Mendelssohn, by his English pupil", Dwight's Journal of Music (14 December 1872), 345-47

In the summer of 1832 I saw Mendelssohn for the first time. I was then a mere child barely ten years old, but I well recollect the occasion. My father's house was the rendez-vous of all great artists both English and foreign, and invitations were immediately given to all who either brought letters or were introduced to my father by his numerous professional friends. My father himself, the most distinguished Glee writer and soundest musician that England has yet produced, was the most genial host, and it is to his constant desire to collect around him all that was good and great in his own profession, as well as the cream of the painters and literary men of the time, that his children owed the privilege of seeing all those whose genius and talent so largely contributed to the art progress of England since the commencement of the century. Thus among the musicians constantly at the house, were Moscheles, Hummel, Paganini, Mendelssohn, Spohr, Thalberg, Benedict, Sir George Smart, Mr. Neat, Mrs. Anderson, and many others; amongst the painters, Sir Augustus Calcott (my mother's uncle), Sir Thomas Lawrence, F. R. A., Collins, Wilkie, Etty, Redgrave, Mulready, Webster, Stone, Dyce, Sir W. Boxall, Uwins, &c. Our most intimate friends in literature were Dr. Rosen, the celebrated Oriental scholar, Carl Klingemann, the Secretary to the Hanoverian Embassy, Mr. H. F. Chorley, Hogarth, &c., &c.; and of the engineering celebrities, we constantly saw the Brunels, father and son, the latter having married my sister in 1836. Thus I may truly say that I and my family were constantly surrounded by an atmosphere of art, literature and science; and to this fact is of course traceable the great love of Music and Painting which seems almost hereditary amongst us.

[continued] (28 December 1872), 353-55

[continued] (11 January 1873), 361-63

Bibliography and resources:

"Horsley, Charles", British musical biography (1897), 209

Horsley, Charles Edward, composer and organist, son of William Horsley, was born in London, December 16, 1822. He studied under his father, Moscheles, and at Leipzig under Hauptmann and Mendelssohn. Organist of St John's, Notting Hill, London. He went to Australia in 1868 [sic], and afterwards settled in the United States. He died at New York, May 2, 1876. WORKS. Oratorios: David, Joseph, Gideon: Glasgow, 1860; Comus, cantata for solo and chorus (Milton), 1874, Impromptu for pf., op.12 , Trio, No. 2, for pf ., viola and cello, op. 13; Sonata for pf . and cello (1844);  Quartet for pf. and strings, 1845; six Lieder for voice and pf., op. 21, Anthems, Pf.pieces, various, Songs, part-songs, etc. Text-book of Harmony for schools and students.

Thérèse Radic, "Horsley, Charles Edward (1822-1876)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Anna Bunney (cataloguer), Papers of the Horsley family, 18th-20th cent. (University of Oxford, Bodleian Library, 1990; online resource, 2011

HOSIER, Frederick

Amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1850s
Died Potts Point, NSW, 21 June 1886, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HOSKINS, William

Husband of Julia HARLAND


Vocalist, teacher of Music and Singing (pupil of the Royal Academy of Music)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? [Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1853), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS"", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5 

It appears that the efforts of the anti-musical members of the Committee of the Mechanics' Institution have not hitherto, at all events been successful; as tomorrow night the usual concert is to be given, the programme containing many features of novelty. PART I ... Ballad - Mrs Houghton, "Scenes that are brightest," Balfe [sic] Pupil of the Royal Academy, London ... PART II ... Song - Mrs. Houghton, "Tell me my heart", Bishop ... Scena - Mrs. Houghton, "Al Dolce Guiami," Donizetti ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 April 1853), 8

HOULDING, John Richard ("Old Boomerang")

Author, songwriter/recorder

Born Essex, England, 22 April 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 26 January 1839
Died NSW, 25 April 1918


"OLD BOOMERANG. SEVENTY-SEVEN YEARS IN AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1916), 4

"OLD BOOMERANG. DEATH OF MR. JOHN R. HOULDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1918), 9

"HISTORY OF MUSIC ... MORE CURIOSITIES", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1829), 10


The Australian emigrant's song (written by Old Boomerang; composed by E. K.) (London: Chappell & Co., [1867]) 

Song of the Australian squatter (Air, "Rory O'More"), in Australian capers: or, Christopher Cockle's colonial experience, by Old Boomerang (London: George Routledge and Sons, 1867), 229-30

Bibliography and resources:

Ruth Teale, "Houlding, John Richard (1822-1918)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

HOWARD, George B. (stage name of George Birkeck MASON)

Vocalist, instrumentalist, leader (Ethiopian Serenaders)

HOWARD, Charles V. (stage name of Charles V. MASON)

Vocalist, tambourine player, leader (Howard's Serenaders), agent, theatre manager


Clarionet player

Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1877


[News], The Argus (11 August 1877), 6

The orchestral work was greatly admired, and a beautiful solo for the clarionet, which Mr. Howard gave with that purity of tone for which his playing is remarkable, was redemanded and repeated, to the great satisfaction of the audience.

[News], South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (18 August 1877), 12

Mr. James Howard died very suddenly last evening. To all who have been patrons of opera in Melbourne for the last five years, Mr. Howard was known as the first clarionet player in the orchestra, and was admired in that position as an artist who could produce a tone quite soft and musical from an instrument which is generally regarded as the most intractable of all. Henry Lazarus, the greatest of masters, would have listened to him with approval. Mr. Howard was playing on Thursday night in the opera of "Faust," and his share of the instrumental performance on that occasion was marked by those who watched it with consummate grace and masterly finish. At about 6 o'clock yesterday evening he had an apoplectic seizure in the Victoria Hotel, where he resided, at the corner of Lonsdale and Russell streets. He lived in an unconscious state for about 20 minutes, and then died. Mr. Howard leaves a widow and children in Sydney. The suddenness of his death was a great shock in more than professional musical circles.

HOWARD, Samuel (Sam HOWARD; alias of Samuel Howard TAYLOR)

Actor, comedian, vocalist

Born . . . c. 1818/28
Active VDL, SA, VIC, mid 1840s
Married (? 2) Sara FLOWER, St. James's, Sydney, 20 December 1851
Died Sydney, October 1886, "aged 58/68" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Ann V. Beedell, Terminal silence: Sara Flower and the diva enigma: explorations of voice and the maternal in operatic experience in colonial Australian history ca. 1850-1865 (Ph.D thesis, Griffith University, 1999), especially 300-04

HOWELLS, Phillip Arthur

Musician, music-seller, reviewer, memorialist, music publisher

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1868
Died Adelaide, SA, 24 August 1921, aged 65


According to his own account, Howells started in the Adelaide music business as a shop boy for Samuel Marshall in 1868.


"THE GROWTH OF MUSIC IN ADELAIDE", The Advertiser (29 March 1913), 6

P. A. Howells. "MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES FROM 1868. I", The Register (5 October 1918), 10

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES FROM 1868 [II]", The Register (5 November 1918), 6

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES FROM 1868 [III]", The Register (12 November 1918), 5

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES FROM 1868 [IV]", The Register (30 November 1918), 10

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES OF 1891-2-3" [V], The Register (14 December 1918), 5

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS. REMINISCENCES OF 1893", The Register (18 January 1919), 5

"MUSIC. From P. A. HOWELLS", The Register (25 February 1919), 7

"DEATHS", The Register (26 August 1921), 6

"DEATH OF MR. P. A. HOWELLS", The Advertiser (25 August 1921), 7

Musical publications:

Gladys gavotte ("pour piano par W. R. Knox") (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [189-]) 

Tarantelle in E mineur ("pour piano par W. R. Knox") (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [189-]) 

When love is done ("a reverie; dedicated to and sung by Miss Ada Crossley;  music by A. Wyatt Mortimer) (Adelaide: P.A. Howells & Co., [1892]) 

HOWITZ, Samuel

Music Master

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850


Reportedly "a German", "Samuel Howitz" was allegedly victim of an assault in Adelaide on 26 December 1849; according to the court report Howitz, "described himself as a merchant, but seems also to be a hawker and music master". A "Horwitz, Samuel Julius, Adelaide, Confectioner" appears in a later list.


"LAW AND POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (1 January 1850), 3


HOWSON, Alfred

HOWSON, Charles Edwin (1848-1907)


HOWSON, Francis (senior) (c.1794/5-1863)

HOWSON, Frank (Francis junior) (1817-1869)

HOWSON, Frank Alfred Girolamo (Frank junior) (1841-1926)

HOWSON, Henry (1822-1893)

HOWSON, John (senior) (1819-1871)

HOWSON, John Jerome (John junior) (1842-1887)

HOWSON, Emma (1844-1928)

HOWSON, Clelia (Sarah Clelia) (b.1845)

HOWSON, Walter

HOWSON, Frederick

Go to Howson family main page:


Entertainer, comedian, vocalist

Active VDL (TAS), 1849 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Comedian, Irish vocalist

Active SA, 1859


"GAWLER", The South Australian Advertiser (27 July 1859), 3 

Last evening (Monday) Mr. Hudson, a celebrated Irish vocalist and comedian, was to have given an entertainment in the Oddfellows' Hall, in connection with the Gawler Institute, but in consequence of the Havilah's late arrival from Melbourne, in which Mr. Hudson was a passenger, he was unable to get his luggage from her in time, and therefore his first appearance will take place to-night, when it is hoped that the exertions of the Committee in obtaining the services of this talented gentleman will be duly appreciated by the peopla of Gawler.

"GAWLER", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (30 July 1859), 2 

. . . the first appearane did not came off until last evening, when, I am very glad to say, a large audience assembled to hear him. Mr. Ignaz Roitzch presided at the piano. Mr. Hudson, who is exceedingly humorous, kept his audience in a state of laughter during the greater part of the evening. He was loudly cheered and encored when appearing in the character of Paddy O'Rafferty, as also were severa1 of the songs he sung. His account of "Paddy's Journey to Naples," and "Horticultural and Floricultural pursuits, illustrated by a Mrs. Gardener" - a Gardener by name and also by nature - was highly interesting, and called forth loud applause from the audience. At the conclusion of the first part Dr. Nott announced that Mr. Hudson's second entertainment would take place about the end of next week. Mr. Hudson took his departure for Kapunda this morning.

HUDSON, George W. (George WALL; ? George Wall HUDSON)

HUDSON, Eliza (Elizabeth; Eliza KING; ? Charlotte HUDSON; Eliza WALL; Charlotte Elizabeth WALL)

HUDSON, George (junior; Master HUSDON, junior; Mr. G. HUDSON junior; Mr. George WALL)

Go to George Hudson and family main page: 

HUE, Theodore Felix (Theodor; Mons. HUE)

Professor of music and dancing, organist, pianist, violinist, guitarist, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by mid February 1851 (recently arrived from England)
Married Jane ADCOCK, VIC, 1852 (reg. no. 5865)
Active Beechworth, VIC, 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (18 February 1851), 3 

MONSIEUR THEODORE. F. HUE, PROFESSOR AND ORGANIST. (Eleve de la Conservatoire de Paris.)
MOST respectfully begs to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen, Heads of Establishments and Inhabitants of the City of Melbourne and its vicinity, his recent arrival from England, and his intention of establishing himself as a resident Master in the above professions : and trusts that from the long experience he has had in the above professions under his Father, Monsieur Louis A. Hue, (with eleven years instruction at the Conservatoire Royal a Paris,) he will be enabled by punctuality and unremitting attention, to prove himself worthy of the patronage of those who honor him with their support.
Dancing Taught in six Lessons.
By a peculiar system, invented by his Father, so as to enable any Lady or Gentleman to dance with ease, gracefulness and perfect credit to themselves, in any of the Fashionable Dances, Quadrilles, Polkas, Waltzing, &c., which no other teacher in the same Profession can accomplish except on the same system, which Monsieur Hue is perfectly aware is not known to them.
The newest and most Fashionable Dances, as taught by the most eminent Professors in Paris and London :-
La contra Danza Espagniola; Neapolitan Galop; the graceful Redowa Valse; Valse à Cinq Temps; the New Sauteuse à Trois Temps; Sauteuse à Deux Temps; Valse à Deux Temps; Valse Cellarius; Valse Hongroise; Neopolitan, French, German, English, Russian, and Spanish Waltzing; Mazourka Quadrilles; Russian Mazourka; Polka Quadrilles; Polka; Germam Polka; Bohemian Polka; Minuet de la Cour; and Gavotte de Vestris; Quadrilles, Lanciers, Gallopade, Hornpipes, Scotch Reels, Irish Jig, the correct Scotch Highland Fling, with a variety of Fancy Dances.
Monsieur T. F. Hue begs to state that in the Musical Department he undertakes to qualify pupils in Thorough-Bass, Counterpoint and Composition, so as to enable the scholar to acquire any or each of the following instruments of which he is a Master : -
Piano, Organ, Guitar, Violin, Violincello and Tenor; and he trusts that the fact of his style and system being formed under those celebrated artists belonging in the Academie Royale à Paris, will be sufficient guarantee for his competency. The science of Music with Piano, Organ and Violin unders Messrs. Kreutzer, Cherubini, Rode and Baillot; Guitar under the justly celebrated artistes Signor L. Shultz, and Signor Louis L. Sagrini; Violincello and Tenor by first rate professors attached to the Academie Dancing, Monsieur E. Coulon, Monsieur A. Cellarius and Monsieur P. A. Varin, Ballet Masters at the Academie à Paris.
Fencing under Monsieur Duval and Fouche with Calisthenic and Italian exercises of the most modern description.
Private Lessons at all hours - Families and Schools attended in the City or Country.
Terms, and every Information, can be obtained by appiying (personally or by letter addressed to Monsieur T. F. Hue at Mr. Glover's, Chemist and Druggist, Queen Street Melbourne.
Monsieur Hue can produce the highest reference as to ability and respectability. Payments in advance. - No entrance fees, but a quarters notice required. - Vacation twice a year, Mid-winter and Christmas.
Organs and Piano Fortos tuned on the newest principle and guaranteed to remain dor a long period in tune.
Private Parties and Balls attended either in the Musical Department or as Master of the Ceremonies.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 March 1851), 3 

MR. WILKIE BEGS to announce that the GRAND CONCERT in aid of the Funds for the relief of the sufferers by the late Bish Fires, will take place in the QUEEN'S THEATRE, On FRIDAY, MARCH 14TH, 1851. Lender of the Band - MR. REED.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Violin Solo - Mons. Hue, with Pianoforte accompaniment, Mr. Hemy - De Beriot . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (2 March 1857), 1 

DANCING. DANCING under the direction of the well-known talented conductor, Mons. Hue, of Reid's Creek celebrity, takes place at the Criterion Hotel, High street, Beechworth, every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday evening, at seven.


HUENERBEIN, August Christian

Pianist, band musician, clarinettist, trombone, tuba and ophicleide player, music retailer and publisher, composer

Born Germany, 1823
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850; Melbourne, VIC, by 1852
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 November 1882, aged 59 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HUENERBEIN, August (junior)

Musician, music retailer

Born VIC, 1854
Died Sydney, 29 January 1941, aged 87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)



An associate of Andrew and Rachel Moore, George Coppin and Wellington Wallace, "Augustus Huenerbein, musician, Pirie street" was active in Adelaide concerts, theatre and choral society in 1850 -51. By June 1852, along with several other Adelaide musicians (including his friend C. A. F. Mater) he was in Geelong and Melbourne, where 20 years later he opened a new music warehouse in Russell Street, later trading under his late friend's name as "Mater and Co."

Having both recently been elected associates of Musical Association of Victoria, August and his son Charles moved themselves and their business to Sydney in the mid to late 1870s. At Aimee Saclier's concert there in November 1879: "The songs were accompanied by Mr. A. C. Huenerbein, who took part in the duet with Miss Saclier, and also in the tutti portions of the Mendelssohn Concerto."

August senior having recently died, Charles and his brother August junior were pallbearers at Charles Packer's funeral in July 1883, and they later raised funding for the publication of an edition of Packer's oratorio, which became available in April 1886. According to a report of Packer's death:

Mr. August Huenerbein has the scores of "David," an oratorio and of many other compositions, which will yet be published, and which will long preserve Charles Packer's name from oblivion.

Charles and August dissolved their business partnership in 1888.


"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

[Advertisement], South Australian (2 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 August 1850), 2

"PROMENADE CONCERT", South Australian Register (27 November 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (11 March 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 September 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1852), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (19 June 1852), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (28 August 1852), 2

"SATURDAY'S CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (30 April 1855), 2

"Melbourne", Süd Australische Zeitung (23 October 1863), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 August 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 July 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1875), 2

[News], The Argus (14 August 1876), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1877), 6

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1882), 1

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1882), 16

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1886), 15

"SOCIAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1883), 11

"Musical Echoes", The Queenslander (1 May 1886), 690

MANY in this colony will remember the late Charles Packer, and probably several have had the pleasure of hearing his "Crown of Thorns" unformed in the adjoining colony. Since the death of the composer the publication of this charming composition has been undertaken by subscription, and the subscribers, and musicians generally, will be glad to learn that the work has arrived by the Liguria, and is being delivered by Mr. August Huenerbein, of Sydney, the honorary secretary of the Packer Fund. As this is a purely Australian production it is to be hoped we shall have the pleasure of hearing it rendered by our Musical Union. 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1888), 2

Performances and musical compositions:

Waltz The Victoria

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 October 1850), 2

[News], South Australian Register (16 October 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1850), 2

March Adelaide

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1850), 2

Duet for 2 clarinets

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 November 1850), 2

Galop Sonnambula

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 November 1850), 2

Solo for tuba basso on a theme from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 March 1851), 2

Vaterlandslied (Worte von Freiherr v. Boden, comp. von Hünerbein)

"Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (26 July 1862), 3

Jagdlied (Chor und Orchester) v. Hünerbein

"Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (26 November 1862), 2

March (composed especially for the Festival of the German Association)

"The Festival of the German Association", The Argus (29 December 1863), 5

Publications (selected):

Reminiscence of the Garden Palace schottische (by Charles S. Packer) (Sydney: A. Huenerbein, [1882]) 

Paddy's polka (composed by Chas. S. Packer; "To my friend August Huenerbein") (Sydney: A. Huenerbein, [1883]) 

The crown of thorns (or, Despair, penitence, and pardon, an oratorio, words and music by Charles S. Packer) (Sydney: A. & C. Huenerbein, [1886]) 


Pianist, concert manager, music retailer and publisher, composer

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1859/60
Died Sydney, NSW, 11 March 1908, aged 48 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)


Pianist, teacher of piano and accompanying


[News], The Argus (2 October 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1877), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1879), 2

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and County Journal (21 January 1882), 13

The chief musical events of the past few days have been the Scotch concert of Miss Clara Hamilton, and the concert given on last Saturday afternoon in the Garden Palace by Mr. Charles Huenerbein ... The "Konoowarra Polka", composed by Mr. C. Huenerbein, was then performed by the orchestra, aided by six young lady pianists, and went so well that Terpsichore herself, had she been present, might have justly placed a garland on the brow of the author.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 March 1885), 3

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1908), 6

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (16 March 1908), 4

The death of Mr. Charles Huenerbein, who in his palmy days was recognised as the best accompanist in Australia, occurred in Sydney on Wednesday. He played for all the leading singers who visited Sydney, and was an old friend of Madam Melba and of many other vocalists of great fame. The "Australian Star", referring to his death, said: "Recognising the artistic qualities of Madame Melba before her "discovery" by the English and foreign critics in 1887 the late Mr. Huenerbein was one of those who induced the Melbourne singer to visit this city in 1885. This was shortly after David Mitchell's daughter had made her debut in Melbourne as the late Signor Cecchi's best pupil. Mr. John Lemmone made his first appearance the same year in Melbourne as a flautist. The singer and the flautist appeared on the same platform. In Sydney in 1885 Madame Melba sang at the Theatre Royal with John Kruse, the violinist, as the star performer, and she also assisted at a Sydney Liedertafel concert under the baton of the late John A. Delaney. A little later the brilliant Melbourne singer was taken on tour by the late Mr. Huenerbein. During her visit to Australia in 1902, and again while she was singing in Sydney towards the end of last year, Madame Melba made enquiries about the man who used to play her accompaniments divinely; but the pianist and the singer did not meet. For the past six or seven years the late Mr. Huenerbein had been in bad health and he was also in "low water" financially, having lost his income as a teacher.

"THE ART OF ACCOMPANYING", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1909), 14

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1912), 9

Musical works:

Rodondo schottische (first edition Sydney: [Huenerbein], [1881]) 

Konoowarra polka (Sydney: [Charles Huenerbein], [1881]) 

Leura waltz (Sydney: A. &. C. Huenerbein, [1884]) 

Bushmen to the front ("Raise high Australia's banner"; a patriotic song) (Sydney: A. & C. Huenerbein, [1885]) 

The plateau valse (Sydney: C. E. Fuller & Co., [1886]) 

Lisgar march ([Sydney: [1886]) 

The Beatrice waltz (Sydney: T. J. Houghton & Co. Litho., [1894]) 

HUENERBEIN, Franz (Francis)

Professor of Pianoforte, Singing, Organ

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1872


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1872), 1

[News], The Argus (6 March 1875), 7

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1882), 16

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1883), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1884), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1885), 11

HUGHES, Henry (Patrick Henry Evans HUGHES; P. H. HUGHES; Henry HUGHES; "H. S. HUGHES"; "H. Evans HUGHES"; "Professor HUGHES")

Professor of music, violinist (pupil of Molique), organist, choirmaster, composer

Born ? Kerkira, Greek islands, 29 April 1837; son of Patrick Henry HUGHES (1798-1852) and Martha HAYDON (1800-1874)
Married Mary Jane HIGGINSON (1841-1933), St. Anne, Shandon, Cork, Ireland, 29 April 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1863
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1877
Died Charleville, QLD, 18 April 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


P. H. Hughes, "pupil of the celebrated violinist and composer Herr Molique" (Bernhard Molique), first advertised his arrival in Melbourne in November 1863, and commenced giving violin classes at the Mechanics' Institute in December. In January 1864, he participated in a complimentary concert to Septimus Moxon in Geelong, appearing with Octavia Hamilton and Henry Byron Moore, and in February, Barry Sullivan, actor-manager at Melbourne's Theatre Royal announced that its:

unrivalled band . . . has been placed under the baton of the distinguished composer and instrumentalist, Professor HUGHES, who has just arrived from London

taking over from Frederick Strebinger, who had directed the music for the Christmas pantomimes.

By mid 1865, he had moved on from the Royal, and was becoming increasingly active as a teacher, and as an organist, musical director, and composer active in Melbourne's Roman Catholic churches and convents. He was also an active mason.

In 1868, Hughes was victim of a curious case of musical larceny, where one Edward Goodliffe tried to pass off some of Hughes's manuscript compositions as his own.

Hughes's operetta ("opera di camera") Les fleurs de Savoie, in which "all the characters sustained by ladies", was produced at the Melbourne Athenaeum in 1874-75.

In the 1890s Hughes was active in Sydney, Perth and Adelaide (as late as 1898). According to an 1874 death notice for his mother (died in Dublin), she was the widow of "the late P. H. Hughes, Esq., formerly of Corfu, Santa Maura, and Zante".

At the Theatre Royal in April 1864, Hughes introduced P. H. Hughes's The pantomime galop, copies of which had also been "Just received by Wilkie, Webster, and Co.", and performed by Zeplin's Band.


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1863), 8

MR. P. H. HUGHES (eléve de Molique), Professor of the Violin, Pianoforte, Organ and Harmonium. For terms and latest vocal and instrumental compositions, apply to WILKIE, WEBSTER & Co., Collins street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1863), 8

EVENING VIOLIN CLASS at the Mechanic' Institution every Wednesday, from half-past 7 till 10 o'clock, under the direction of Professor Hughes, pupil of the celebrated violinist and composer Herr Molique.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1864), 8

. . . THEATRE ROYAL. Sole Lessee and Manager, Barry Sullivan . . . The unrivalled band of this theatre has been placed under the baton of the distinguished composer and instrumentalist, Professor HUGHES, Who has just arrived from London . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 March 1864), 8

"THEATRES ROYAL", The Age (28 March 1864), 5 

There can be no severer test of the resources of a theatre, artistic and mechanical, than a representation of "The Corsican Brothers" . . . That it was successful in all respects in the rendering at the Theatre Royal, on Saturday night, would be to speak with a faintness of praise unjust to the management and all the artists concerned in getting up so splendid a stage spectacle . . . Mr. Hughes and his excellent band gave testified effect to the pretty melodramatic and dance music incidental to the piece. The lovers of good instrumentation are, indeed, indebted to the cultivated taste of the new conductor, not merely for general efficiency, but for the selections of music that it would be otherwise difficult to hear in these parts. Who that has visited the theatre within the last two or three weeks, can forget the strains from "Idomea?" On Saturday night, Spohr's beautiful overture to "Jessonda," was played, and a selection from "I Puritani," D'Albert's "Geneva" quadrille, and a pleasing and lively "Acacia" valse, just written by Mr. W. M. Akhurst, as graceful in its movement, and we might almost say as musically fragrant as our pretty wattles. The "Acacia" will have a run of the ball-room, and make some fair heads giddy ere another Melbourne winter is over. Has the stage director no music in his soul, that he must nightly cut Professor Hughes' taste and execution in two, like the boar and fiddle story in Hudibras? It is really tantalising, just as one is warming to some charming music, to have the ear outraged by the clang of that "dreadful bell" ringing the change to act the next . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (5 May 1864), 2 

Will give the following Select Music:
Overture - William Tell - Rossini
Valse - Werber Zum Tanz - Labitzky
Solo - Bombardon on Airs from "The Swiss Cottage" - Herr Berg
Selection - Il Trovatore - Verdi
Polka - AEgina - Hughes . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 June 1864), 8

THEATRE ROYAL . . . During the evening THE UNRIVALLED ORCHESTRA, Conducted by PROFESSOR HUGHES, Will give the following select music:
Overture - Stradella - Flotow.
Quadrille - Sicilian Bride - D'Albert.
Duet (comet and bombardon) - Lily of Killarney - Benedict.
Valse - Farewell - Hughes.
Galop - Petersburg - Lumbye . . .

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Age (11 July 1864), 5 

. . . A pleasant feature in the evening's entertainment was the performance by Professor Hughes's band of a selection of operatic and dance music, prominent among which were several of the prettiest melodies from "The Lily of Killarney" . . .

NOTE: Jules Benedict's opera The lily of Kilarney was being performed concurrently by the Lyster Opera Company at the Haymarket theatre.

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1864), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . During the evening THE UNRIVALLED ORCHESTRA, Conducted by PROFESSOR HUGHES, Will give the following select music:
Overture - La Vestale - Spontini.
Selection - Trovatore - Verdi.
Bluette - La Rieuse - Ascher.
Fantasia on Popular Songs, Including "The Bell-ringer" (Wallace), "The Stirrup Cup" (Arditi), "Take back the Sigh" (Hughes), "Alice, where art thou?" (Ascher), and "Come into the Garden, Maud" (Balfe).
Polka - The Cornet - Arban . . .

"BIRTHS", The Argus (30 August 1864), 4 

HUGHES. - On the 27th inst., at Mary-street, Richmond, the wife of Professor Hughes, Theatre Royal, of a son.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 September 1864), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . During the evening THE UNRIVALLED ORCHESTRA Will give the following select music.
Overture - Zauberflote - Mozart.
Selection - Norma - Bellini.
Grand March - Le Prophète - Meyerbeer.
Valse - Dew Drop - D'Albert.
Galop - Vive la Danse - Hughes.
Medley Overture - Hughes . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1864), 4 

FOURTH SEASON, 1864. ORPHEUS UNION . . . the Second Concert of the Season, to be given in ST. GEORGE'S HALL THIS EVENING . . . PART I . . . Violin Solo, "Quatrieme Concerto," Rode - Professor Hughes . . .

"GOOD FRIDAY . . . THE 'MESSIAH' THE ROYAL", The Age (15 April 1865), 5 

Handel's oratorio, the "Messiah," was produced at the Theatre Royal, last evening, by a number of ladies and gentlemen, who, although not previously together by any common tie of musical union, associated themselves for the purpose of bringing before an audience this famous specimen of art . . . Nothing but careful study and zealous practice on the part of the performers and unremitting watchfulness on the part of their conductor, Professor Hughes, could have enabled upwards of 100 ladies and gentlemen to attain under such circumstances the degree of accuracy in harmonising the concerted passages which was displayed . . .

[Advertisement], The Herald (23 May 1865), 2 

HAYMARKET THEATRE . . . PROFESSOR HUGHES, (late of the Theatre Royal) . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1865), 8

EVENING VIOLIN CLASSES, conducted by Professor Hughes (late director of music, Theatre Royal), MEET every Monday and Wednesday, In St. Paul s Schoolroom, Swanston-street, at a quarter to 8 o'clock. Spohr's celebrated method, by which alone pupils of every grade of proficiency can play together in concert, has been successfully adopted by Professor Hughes for the last ten years. No previous knowledge of music necessary for the elementary class. For further information apply to Wilkie, Webster and Co., 16 Collins-street east.

[News], The Argus (13 November 1865), 5 

Saturday, the fourth and last day of the St. Vincent de Paul's Orphanage bazaar brought so busy a time for the stallholders as any of the preceding days . . . The feature of the evening entertainment was a concert of popular music, given by the choir of St. Francis's Cathedral, assisted by several well-known amateurs. Professor Hughes officiated as conductor, Mr. Compton presided at the pianoforte, and Mr. Walter at the harmonium . . .

"THE PRINCESS'S", The Age (4 December 1865), 5 

A very brilliant and crowded audience assembled at the Princess's on Saturday, the opening night of the season. The programme consisted of Knowles's comedy of "The Love Chase," compressed into three acts, and a burlesque on the opera of "II Trovatore," from the pen of that insatiable punster, Mr. Byron . . . A very excellent band, under the conductorship of Professor Hughes, late of the Theatre Royal, performed during the evening a choice selection of music; not the least pleasing of which was an overture to the burlesque, arranged expressly for the occasion by the conductor . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1865), 8 

PRINCESS'S THEATRE. PROFESSOR HUGHES, Conductor of the Orchestra, Leader, Mr. Megson.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 April 1866), 8

PROFESSOR HUGHES' ACADEMY of MUSIC, 36 Russell-street, Collin-street east.

[News], The Herald (1 June 1866), 2 

. . . Consolini's celebrated Mass in E minor, scored from the organ part by Professor Hughes, will be performed on Sunday next at High Mass at St. Francis Cathedral by a full band and chorus. . .

[News], The Argus (19 July 1866), 5 

St. George's-hall was nearly filled last evening on the occasion of a concert given in aid of the cathedral organ fund; and as the performers mainly consisted of the members of the united corps of three Roman Catholic churches, we may suppose that the new organ for St. Patrick's was meant . . . Professor Hughes, now organist at St. Francis's Cathedral, distinguished himself as the conductor in the evening's performances.


The religious ceremonies of reception and profession were performed yesterday with the impressive solemnity peculiar to the Roman Catholic Church, in the chapel of the Nicholson-street convent . . . The whole of the music was performed by the convent choir, under the direction of Professor Hughes, and a Gregorian mass was very efficiently sung . . .

"Local", Kilmore Free Press and Counties of Bourke and Dalhousie Advertiser (3 October 1867), 2 

We have received from the publisher, Professor Hughes, a pamphlet entitled "Ferrari on the Cultivation of the Voice." The work is very instructive and would be invaluable to those acquiring the art of singing, as well as to musicians generally.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 August 1868), 8

[News], The Argus (18 November 1868), 4

[News], The Argus (26 November 1868), 4

18 April 1872, United Grand Lodge of England, freemason membership registers, 1863-87 

1872 April 18 / May 16 / June 20 / Hughes / Henry / [age] 33 / Collins St. Est / professor of Music

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1874), 1

HUGHES.- At Dublin, in the 75th year of her age, the beloved mother of Professor Hughes, of this city, and widow of the late P. H. Hughes, Esq., formerly of Corfu, Santa Maura, and Zante.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 December 1874), 8

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (26 December 1874), 155

Mr. Henry Hughes, a music-teacher in this city, has produced a pretty little operetta, which he entitles "Les Fleurs de Savoie." Just the sort of thing for a "breaking up" party amongst a school of girls. It was performed at the Melbourne Athenaeum, on the 3rd of this month, with great success, before a numerous audience, for the benefit of the benevolent fund of the Freemasons under the Irish Constitution in Victoria, and a week later it was repeated at the same place for the same purpose, with nearly equal success. The singers were, all of them, the wives, or sisters, or daughters of Masons.

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (12 June 1875), 42

Mr. Henry Hughes reproduced his operetta, "Les Fleurs de Savoie," at the Melbourne Athenaeum on the 12th May; the performance was noticeable chiefly for the singing, of a young lady named Blackham, who displayed the possession of a good soprano voice.

"AUSTRALIAN TELEGRAMS", Advocate (12 May 1877), 15

SYDNEY, Monday ... Archbishop Vaughan has appointed Professor Hughes, of Melbourne, organist of St. Mary's Cathedral.

"WAS "MARITANA" COMPOSED IN SYDNEY? To the Editor", Evening News (16 October 1886), 10 

"Mr. Walter James Turner", Table Talk (10 May 1889), 5 

. . . Mr. Turner is nearly thirty-two years old, having been born in Geelong in 1857, and for several years received musical instruction from his mother, to whom he owes all his early training; but, on tho family taking up their residence in Melbourne, the lad was placed under Mr. Henry Hughes to study the violin. Mr., - or, as he was colloquially termed, Professor - Hughes was a musician of exceptional skill and ability, and with a true perception of talent in young students; but, unfortunately for himself, he was far too good-natured, and, with an Irishman's impulsiveness and warmth of heart, he was constantly assisting and promoting the interests of others, while he neglected his own. Among his pupils was the once favorite burlesque actress, the late Miss Julia Matthews, whose voice would have been placed in the first rank of opera-bouffe performers . . . Miss Anna Ford (a sister of Mr. John Ford, the comedian) was another pupil of Mr. Hughes', and this gentleman was also the first to give Mr. John Kruse musical instruction . . . Walter Turner, who was a follow pupil of Kruee, passed from Mr. Hughes' tuition to that of Mr. Philip Plaisted, under whom he turned his attention to the organ and abandoned the violin . . .

"Music at St. Stephen's", The Telegraph (27 October 1890), 4 

Haydn's Mass No. 2 was effectively rendered by the choir of St. Stephen's Roman Catholic Cathedral yesterday. For the offertory Miss Kelly sang the " Alma Virgo" (by Hummel), and after the elevation of the Host, Professor Hughes played a "Rhapsodie Religieuse," composed by him for Molique, the great violinist ...

[News], The Kerang Times (16 February 1894), 2 

"Dengue at Charleville. CHARLEVILLE, April 19", Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette (22 April 1911), 3 

Professor Hughes, the well-known music teacher, died at the hospital to-day. Although of a good age, the early stages of his sickness began with dengue.

Extant musical works and editions:

The cricketers' waltz (composed expressly) in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 January 1864) 

O salutaris (composed expressly for the Convent of Mercy, Melbourne by P. H. Hughes) [1865]) 

Santa Maria! [Meyerbeer] (arranged by P. H. Hughes, for the Convent of Our Immaculate Lady of Mercy) [1865] 

[Adolfo Ferrari (1807-1870] Ferrari on the formation and cultivation of the voice (Melbourne: Professor Hughes, Academy of Music, [1867]) (DIGITISED)

Geneviève (ballad) (Melbourne: Paling & Co., [1871]) 

Miss Lizzie Watson's serio-comic casket (containing six of her original and copyright songs, never before published arranged for the voice and pianoforte by Professor Hughes) (Melbourne: Clarson, Massina, and Co., 1872) 

God is forever with man! (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1886]) 

Three times three (Sydney: Published by the composer, [1884]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Hughes, Patrick Henry", Dictionary of Sydney 

"Hughes, Mary Jane", Dictionary of Sydney

HUGHES, Marian Jane (Miss HUGHES; Mrs. William LISTON)

Vocalist (pupil of Carl LINGER)

Born Adelaide, SA, 1845
Married William LISTON, North Adelaide, SA, 10 March 1869
Died SA, 11 December 1946, aged 101


"OLD PUPIL OF CARL LINGER. 'Legagy Of Life-Long Love of Music'. BY H. BREWSTER JONES", The Advertiser (16 March 1836), 20

No one could say that the spirit of Carl Linger is dead after hearing his pupil, Mrs. Liston, of Marlborough road, Westbourne Park, play, at the age of 90, with the same enthusiasm and delightful touch that she evidently had at the age of 13. Her actual recollections of the personality of Linger are slight, but he bequeathed her the legacy of a life-long love of music. Mrs. Liston has never-ceasing praise and respect for the maestro. Mrs. Liston's voice is remarkably well preserved, and her intonation, in an average mezzo range, is perfect. With such a sense of pitch she shames many professional vocalists of today. Although Mrs. Liston both sang and played in public as a girl, her name did not actually appear for, as she says, "in those days they had a way of keeping ladies' names out of programmes." Mrs. Liston was Miss Marian Jane Hughes, and she treasures a piece of music "Der Sturm" of Steibelt, given her as a prize, and inscribed by C. Linger.

Another Old Pupil.

As a child she attended Mrs. Woodcock's private school, held at the parsonage of Christ Church, Palmer place, North Adelaide, where Carl Linger gave music lessons. A fellow pupil was Mrs. Cross, now in Tasmania, who, at the age of 95, still plays the piano. In a recent letter to Mrs. Liston she attempted to give an opinion as to the color of her old master's hair and eyes at the request of Miss S. E. Smith, of Blackwood, who is painting a portrait of Carl Linger from the only photo available. She wrote, "I cannot be sure whether his eyes were blue or grey."

Of the "Song of Australia," she wrote:

"Linger entered three compositions, and gave me the other two to play over at Mrs. Woodcock's. We both liked them better than the one the committee chose. I wish I had the others."

Mrs. Cross is a member of a well-known Adelaide family, her father being Robert Stuckey, of Palmer place, North Adelaide. She modestly attempts to correct the idea that she, as Bessie Studcey, was Linger's best pupil, saying that Mrs. John Parkin (nee Rowe) should have the honor . . .

"100 Today: Was Born In S.A. in 1845", News (18 August 1945), 3 

HUGHES, William

Marine, drummer

Active Sullivan Bay, Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803
Active Derwent, VDL (TAS), 1804-05


HRA 3/1, 107, 343

HULKES, Henry Stephen (HULKS)

Vocalist, actor

Born Rochester, Kent, England, 19 (? 29) March 1812; baptised St. Margaret, Rochester, 6 May 1812
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 21 February 1831 (free per Thomas Lawrie, from London)
Departed (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 February 1835 (per Mary, for London)
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, 23 January 1843 (per Arab, from London and the Downs, 3 October 1832)
Died Dandenong, VIC, 2 October 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Grandson of the former Kent parliamentarian James Hulkes (1770-1821), Henry Hulkes first arrived in Hobart Town in 1831, on the same ship, the Thomas Lawrie, as the artist John Glover, who also painted a portrait of him, now lost.

While in Hobart, he was a member of a cricket club, sang in at least one concert, and during 1834 appeared several times as an actor at J. P. Deane's theatre

He is not to be confused with the convict, Henry Hulkes, transported for machine breaking (see "Other references" below), who arrived in VDL on the Eliza, also from Kent, and also in 1831.

Hulkes returned to the colonies in 1843, settling first in South Australia where he was a close associate of Alexander Tolmer and a companion of the explorer John Jackson Oakden. The Hulkes Hills near Lake Torrens bear his name.

He had relocated to Bendigo, VIC, by 1855.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (5 April 1831), 2 

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (3 October 1834), 3 

"Domestic Intelligence", The Tasmanian (1 November 1833), 5 

. . . We may commence by saying, that Mr. Peck's Concert was the best ever yet got up in Van Diemen's Land - every thing went off-remarkably well, and very general satisfaction was given to a highly respectable and numerous assemblage of auditors . . . Blewitt's glee,of "Welcome merry month of May," was well supported, in all its parts, by Mrs. Henson, Miss Deane, Messrs. Hulks, Marshall and Peck, and pleased remarkably . . .

"THEATRES", Trumpeter General (10 October 1834), 3 

. . . Mr. Hulkes played remarkably well in both pieces, and improves daily, and if he practices less of his habitual twisting of his glove, and stage fooling dandyism in the two manly characters he perform, in the above pieces, he will appear to greater advantage, and as he gains confidence, (not impudence) being possessed of a good education he will soon become a favourite actor . . .

"MR. DEANE'S THEATRE", Trumpeter General (7 November 1834), 3 

? [Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (10 February 1835), 1 

Notice. ANY Person having a claim upon Henry Stephen Hulkes, Esq., late of Hobart Town; will be pleased to forward them to the Undersigned, before the 1st of March. (Signed), G. Wise.

? "TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (13 February 1835), 3 

A catalogue of pictures, descriptive of the scenery, and customs of the inhabitants of Van Dieman's Land, together with views in England, Italy, &c., painted by John Glover, esq. (London: A. Snell, 1835; reprinted, 1868), 

. . . 4. Portrait of Mr. Hulks . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Henry Smetham, History of Strood (Chatham & Rochester: Barret & Neeves, 1899), 364 

"James Hulkes", Wikipedia 

Other references:

"THRASHING MACHINES", Mockett's journal (Canterbury: Kentish Observer, 1836), 131 

Henry Hulkes, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1403956; CON31/1/20$init=CON31-1-20p85 

HULLEY, James Spencer (HOLLEY)

Musician, flute player, convict

Born Stockport, Cheshire, England, c. 1797 (son of James HULLEY and Keziah SPENCER)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 2 September 1822 (convict per Prince of Orange)
? Married Catherine BULLINGER (d. 1858), Launceston, VDL (TAS), 18 April 1835
Died Melbourne, VIC, 15 November 1885, aged 88 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HULLEY, James William

Musician, band leader

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1847 (? 1841)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 July 1914, aged 73 [sic]


Both James Hulley and his mother Keziah Spencer were convicted in July 1821 of "stealing hats", and on 17 September 1821, at Chester, were sentenced to 7 years transportation. Keziah died on 11 June 1822, shortly after arriving in Van Diemen's Land on the Mary Ann, and James arrived in September on the Prince of Orange. James married Katherine Bullinger, a widow, in Launceston in 1835. At the time of his death in 1885 he had reportedly been resident in Victoria for 48 years (since c.1837).

Hulley played in Melbourne's first town band with, among others, John Tickell and George Milsted.

Hulley's band is documented as having been active, in various manifestations ("string band", "quadrille band"), from 1874 until 1902.


James Hulley, convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1403973; CON27/1/3$init=CON31-1-18p146

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (21 December 1840), 3 

MONSIEUR & MADAME GAUTROT have the honor to announce, that their second Musical Soiree will be held at the Adelphi Hotel, On THURSDAY Evening, the 24th inst. After the Concert, the band consisting of Messrs. Tickell, Hulley, Milsted, Boreham [? Borcham], and Drane, will perform quadrilles and country dances during two hours.

[News], The Argus (15 August 1874), 6 

The members of the Confectioners' Trade Union gave a concert and ball at the Trades' hall, Lygon-street, last night. The concert was very well received, and after the programme had been gone through the company enjoyed some hours' dancing to the music of Mr. Hulley's quadrille band.

"OLD TOWN BANDS", The Herald (23 June 1883), 3 

The first Town Band in Melbourne was formed in 1839, and consisted of about a dozen players, the names and instruments of some of them being Milstead, bass trombone; Oliver, tenor trombone; Browne, bassoon; Griffiths and Tickel, key bugles (cornets being then unknown); Picknell and Smith, clarionets; Drane, picolo; Holley and Wilkinson, flutes; Anderson (a man of color, y'clept "Black Jack"), big drum; Hamilton, sidedrum; and Samuel, triangle. One or two of the men are still alive.

"Marriages", The Age (29 November 1878), 1 

DUNSTON - HULLEY - On the 23rd November, at the residence of the bride's parents, Australian House, Carlton, by the Rev. G. Grey, H. Dunston, watchmaker, of Talbot, to Selina Hulley, only daughter of J. Hulley, musician, Carlton.

Personal Reminiscences of John Waugh, Gentleman, 44 Robe Street, St Kilda (1909); Royal Historical Society of Victoria, MS 000091 

. . . The first band in Melbourne was called Tickell's band from the bandmaster who was a talented musician it consisted of I. Tickell and W. Griffiths, key bugles, N. Picknell, and another player clarinets, I. Drane piccolo, I. Hulley flute, G. Milstead, and I. Oliver trombones, N. Anderson (known as Black Bill) base drum, I. Hamilton small drum and S. Marsh triangle player . . . I have already given almost a similar account of this band to Garryowen at his request.

"MARRIAGES", The Age (18 June 1910), 5 

SHELLEY - HULLEY. On the 25th May, at Hoddle-street, Collingwood, E. F. Shelley, of M. F. B., son of E. F. Shelley, Johnston-street, Abbotsford, to Margaret Veronica Hulley, daughter of Samuel Albert Hulley, granddaughter of James Spencer Hulley, musician, of Melbourne, late of London, and grand-daughter of William Montgomery, undertaker, of Timor-street, Warrnambool, formerly of Moin Hills, Belfast. Home papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Age (15 August 1914), 5 

HULLEY - On the 22nd July, in Melbourne Hospital, James William, musician, dearly beloved husband of Mary Hulley, late of Queen-strcet, aged 73. At rest.

HUMBY, John Cross (John Cross HUMBY)

Professor of Music, pianist, vocalist, music retailer, shoemaker, convict

Born England, ? 6 November 1807; baptised St. Mary's, Portsea, 11 August 1814 (son of William HUMBY and Jane MARVIN)
Married Caroline WILLIAMS (d. QLD, 1874), Widley, Hampshire, England, 25 November 1833
Arrived Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 1 November 1849 (per Mount Stuart Elphinstone, from England, 1 June 1849)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 28 July 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Within months of his arrival, Humby was granted a ticket of leave, and he set himself up as a shoemaker "from London" in December 1850. He appeared as an accompanist-pianist for G. F. Poole, presented musical entertainments, and advertised as a music retailer, "Having publicly introduced Music into Moreton Bay". His business seems to have failed by late 1854 and some of his stock was auctioned off in 1855 to pay his supplier, Henry Marsh of Sydney. John Charles Humby, probably his son, then resident in Sydney, married Ruth Jeffries in Brisbane on 31 December 1855.


1841 England census, Middlesex, parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, with St. Nicholas in The Shambles, District 13 (PAYWALL)

George Street / John Cross Humby / 30 / Cordwainer

Old Bailey proceedings, 16 December 1844 

"MEETINGS", The jurist (27 March 1847), 117

John Cross Humby, Blackfriars-road, Surrey, and Northampton, shoe manufacturer, April 14 at half-past 11, Court of Bankruptcy, London . . .

County of Northhamptonshire, register of all persona charged with indictable offences at the assizes and sessions held within the county during the year 1847, 358 (PAYWALL)

John Cross Humby / 38 / [County Assizes 14th July] / Forgery of an Acceptance to a Bill of Exchange / 10 years

"TICKETS OF LEAVE", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (14 December 1850), 1

"BREACH OF TICKET-OF-LEAVE REGULATIONS", The Moreton Bay Courier (23 August 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (23 October 1852), 3

A LECTURE on the PLEASURES AND ADVANTAGES OF MUSIC, will be delivered in the Hall of the above Institution
By Mr. G. F. POOLE, On THURSDAY EVENING NEXT, the 28th instant, at half-past Seven o'clock.
Vocal Illustrations, with Pianoforte accompaniments, by Mr. Humby, &c.
N.B. - Members and their families admitted free, and Non-Subscribers on paying 1s. each.
JOHN INNES, Secretary, School of Arts.

"CONCERT", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 April 1853), 3 

There was a very good attendance at Mr. Humby's concert last Tuesday evening, although the rainy state of the weather in all probability kept back many intending visitors. The moist condition of the atmosphere is the more to be regretted as it seemed to have affected the lungs of Mr. Humby's pupils, one of whom in particular, we were pained to observe, was troubled with it particularly shrill and discordant note. The overtures to the respective divisions of the entertainment played on the piano-forte by the ladies, were very creditably executed. The best songs of the evening according to our judgment, were "Poor Bessy," "Rise Gentle Moon," "Lady of Beauty," "Let's Make Hay While the Sun Shines," and "The Rose Will Cease to Blow." As regard the first of these, it appears to possess no merit whatever as a composition, but it was made the most of by Miss Skyring. The others named were respectably got through, and in the last Mr. Humby was deservedly encored. "Fair Flora," "Lightly Tread," and "The Minute Gun," were decided failures; and it is a pity that "I know a Bank" was attempted. On the whole the audience appeared satisfied, and greeted the performers with a round of applause at the end. It is to be hoped that these concerts may occasionally be continued, as practice begets improvement.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (29 October 1853), 3

ROSEWOOD SEMI-COTTAGE, by Stoddart, 60 guineas.
ROSEWOOD FULL COTTAGE 6 7/8 octave compass, ivory tipped, by Allison, 75 guineas.
PATENT GRAND SQUARE, by Collard and Collard, the only instrument in the colony of the description, 100 guineas.
A Written Warrantry will be given with this Instrument for twelve months.
MUSIC STOOLS, 3 guineas each. A selection of MUSIC on hand.
J. C. HUMBY, North Brisbane.
PRELIMNARY NOTICE.- Mr. Humby will give Two MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENTS at Mr. McDonald's, Queen's Arms, Ipswich. Further particulars will shortly appear.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (30 September 1854), 3

MR. HUMBY, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, HAVING publicly Introduced Music into Moreton Bay, and being still desirous of cultivating a taste for that delightful accomplishment, begs to acquaint the inhabitants that he has just received, per Boomerang, a large assortment of HOME MUSIC and a fresh supply of MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, amongst which wil] be found a variety of that highly favoured and beautiful Instrument both for public and private entertainment, the GERMAN CONCERTINA, which Mr. H. professes to teach in three lessons. Also a very elegant HARMONIUM, and a very powerful MUSICAL BOX, playing most of the popular airs of the present day.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (12 May 1855), 3

SHERIFF'S SALE. Brisbane, May 11. MARSH V. HUMBY. IN THE SUPREME COURT or NEW SOUTH WALES. THE Sheriff will cause to be sold on WEDNESDAY, the 6th May, at 12 o'clock, At the residence of Mr. Rossetta, Albert-street, in the above case, the following goods, except this execution be previously satisfied:- 3 new Piano Fortes; 1 Harmonium; 2 Music Stools; 2 Flutinas; 3 Concertinas; A quantify of Music; 1 Deal Box. J. D. DALY, Sheriffs Officer.

Bibliography and resources:

"John Cross Humby", Convict Records


Merchant, importer of musical instruments

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 November 1833 (per Lonarch, from London, 24 June, via Hobart Town, 12 November)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1833), 4 

"THE ACCORDIAN", The Sydney Monitor (18 December 1833), 2 

Mr. Humphrey, a newly arrived emigrant, and who has opened a general fancy warehouse for his elegant nick nacks, in Underwood's buildings, has imported a few musical instruments of a novel description, called the Accordian. It is a small species of seraphine. The instrument is of German invention, & combines the deep toned melody of the organ, but not so strong in the volume, with the portability of a common-sized flute case. The reeds, or steel bars by which the notes are produced, are disposed horizontally in the case of about 15 or 18 inches long, and about 3 in depth. To this case is affixed a bellows of six compartments, which act upon the reeds or steel bars, more or less according to the power desired to be given to the tone. The keys (twelve in number), in the largest wind instrument, and five on the smaller, are placed on the top of the case, and are worked in the same manner as the keys of a piano. Each key produces two distinct notes, which are produced by pressure on the bellows. The tone of the instrument seems to partake of the open diapason, and twelfth, of a full toned organ, and sounds in an empty lofty room, equally loud as the swell organ of St. James' Church. It is particularly adapted for sacred music, and for devotional families, and would form a sufficient and pleasing accompaniment to choirs in the small chapels of our interior. The knowledge of the instrument is easily acquired, and a person of any musical science would learn to play in less than a month. The prices are from £6 to £12 each. Several ladies of musical taste, have already called to inspect the instrument, and have expressed their delight at the novelty and beauty of the invention. A person resting the instrument on his knees might play for any length of time without the least fatigue.


Pianoforte maker, repairer, and tuner

Born Germany, 1819
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 26 August 1855 (per Wilhelmsberg, from Hamburg, 10 May 1855)
Died New Town, TAS, 24 June 1902, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LAW", The Mercury (6 June 1865) 

SUSMAN v. WEBER . . . Plaintiff proved that certain goods consisting of musical instruments were handed to defendant for sale or return . . . Adolphus Frederick Spiller, tuner and repairer of musical instruments gave evidence of the condition of three organ-accordeons he saw at plaintiff's ... Henry Huhniker, piano forte maker gave corroborative evidence ... Plaintiff recalled that he had showed the instruments to the witnesses [Adolphus] Spiller and Huhniker.

"Deaths", The Mercury (26 June 1902), 1 

HUNICKE. On June 24, 1902, at New Town, Tasmania, Henry Hunicke, Pianoforte Tuner, in the 82nd year of his age. Interred at Cornelian Bay Cemetery on June 25. "At Rest."

"AT THE CAPITAL", Daily Telegraph (28 June 1902), 3 

Henry Hunicke, aged 84, passed away quietly on Tuesday last. Hunicke was an old Hobart identity, and his struggle in the battle of life for some years has not been a successful one. Thirty years ago Hunicke was an organ tuner of note, and southern old time cricketers remember him well. Three or four decades ago he was the only man in Hobart who understood how to mend cricket bats; and for many years the subject of this notice made a decent livelihood at this occupation. For the last ten years Hunicke and his partner in life, who predeceased him about a month or two ago, have had a hard time of it. A few kind souls who had known them in their palmy days, did their best to smooth the inclined plane down which the aged couple were rapidly slipping, and let a lot of sunlight into their existence.

Bibliography and resources:


153. HEINECKE, Heinrich/ Henry 30 Luth. R & W Brunschweig - Blidhauer/ Cabinet Maker & Carver {aka HUNIEKE} [ HIENECKE? HUNICKE, Heinrich /Henry M 30 Rom Cath Braunsweig, Cabinetmaker - W. Kirchner

HUNT, Joseph (Joseph Henry Blaine HUNT)

Professional tavern singer (in England), vocalist (Emu Plains Theatre), ballad singer, convict

Arrived NSW, 12 July 1824 (per Countess of Harcourt, 16 March 1824)
Died Bathurst, NSW, ? 1861, aged 67; or 2 April 1846, in his 56th year


A full account of the atrocious murder of the late Mr. W. Weare (London: Sherwood, Jones, and Co., 1823), 70

James O'Connell, A residence of eleven years in New Holland and the Caroline Islands: being the adventures of James F. O'Connell edited from his verbal narration (Boston: B. B. Mussey, 1836), 43

The was also a theatre at Emu plains, about thirty miles from Sydney, on the Bathurst road ... Here I first heard Hunt sing. Hunt was transported as a confederate of Thurtle in the murder of Ware; a crime which was perpetrated in England about the year 1823 ... Hunt by turning king's evidence had his punishment commuted to transportation ... Hunt's sentence was the most severe one ever known in the colony ... he was sentenced perpetually to a chain-gang. He was an excellent ballad singer, and this accomplishment procured him the temporary alleviation of his sentence enjoyed while singing songs and ballads upon the stage. I believe, however, this was but temporary; as when, by the interest of the Sydney theatre-goers with the Bathurst authorities, Hunt was permitted to 'star it' in Sydney, the papers took the authorities so severely to task for permitting it, that Hunt was remanded to the chain-gang, after his first appearance.

"DIED", Morning Chronicle (8 April 1846), 3

Roger Therry, Reminiscences of thirty years' residence in New South Wales and Victoria (London: Sampson Low, Son, and Co., 1863), 99

"A BYGONE SPORTING NOTORIRTY", The Queenslander (9 January 1869), 9

Bibliography and resources:

"Radlett murder", Wikipedia

Eric R. Watson (ed.), Trial of Thurtell and Hunt, 45-46

Hunt was placed on board the Countess of Harcourt, convict ship, on 8th March; she sailed on the 16th, and Hunt, instead of being murdered on the voyage, as Ballantine has related, duly landed in Botany Bay, was moved inland to 'The Felons' Paradise' in Wellington Valley, and later on was assigned as a servant to a Mr. Jonathan Slattery at Bathurst, where he was living when her late Majesty ascended the throne.

Jordan 2002, 161



? Bandsman, acting bandmaster (band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


"MELBOURNE (From our own Correspondent)", The Star (5 August 1856), 2 

The Band of the 40th Regiment attend the Queen's Arcade for two hours every Saturday afternoon, and play at intervals. The band is an excellent one, and, under the skilful leading of Mr. Hunter, it discourses most excellent music. The selections are from the works of great masters, and are of the highest order of merit. The Arcade of a Saturday afternoon is quite a favorite lounge. Yesterday, and indeed on several recent occasions, it was crowded far beyond the point of comfort.


Architect, choirmaster, vocalist

Born Nottingham, England, 10 October 1832
Arrived South Australia, 1848
Active Hobart, TAS, 1856-88
Died Brisbane, QLD, 17 October 1892


"CAMPBELL TOWN", Launceston Examiner (1 July 1856), 3

"OPENING OF SAINT MICHAEL'S CHURCH CAMPBELL TOWN", The Hobart Town Mercury (5 October 1857), 3


As usual the music was excellently performed, Mr. Edwin Hooke presiding at the organ, and Mr. H. Hunter leading the choir. The following was the music selected for the occasion: Kyrie in B flat-Haydn; Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Benedictus-Van Bree; Agnus Dei in B flat-Haydn. This pretty little church was built under the auspices of Mr. Henry Hunter, to whose architectural taste it bears full testimony . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (20 June 1864), 1

"RELIGIOUS", The Mercury (24 December 1867), 3

"COMPLIMENTARY TEA PARTY", The Mercury (26 August 1874), 2

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (18 October 1892), 4

"ORGANIST'S UNIQUE RECORD", The Mercury (1 September 1923), 15

"THE LATE MISS REICHENBERG", The Mercury (13 July 1932), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Henry Hunter, architect, Hobart Town: an exhibition by Barrie Shelton in consultation with Peter Cripps (Hobart: Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, 1982) 

D. I. McDonald, "Hunter, Henry (1832-1892)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Henry Hunter (architect), Wikipedia


Musician, violinist, clarinet player, music teacher (first teacher of George Rivers Allpress)

Born Manchester, England, c.1838
Arrived VIC, c.1857 (from New Zealand)
Died Kew, VIC, 25 September 1878, aged 40 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HUNTER, Thomas Brooks

Musician, flute and piccolo player, bandmaster

Born c.1848 (? New Zealand)
Arrived VIC, c.1857 (from New Zealand)
Died Adelaide, SA, 16 April 1890, aged 43 years


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (6 November 1857), 1 

FREE CONCERTS, MOUNT ALEXANDER THEATRE. THE Proprietor, in returning thanks to his Friends and the Public for their kind Patronage, has much pleasure in announcing that he has, at Great Expence, made Engagements with the following well- known and favorite Artistes, who will make their first Appearance, on SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 7. Principal performers. Mrs. BYRNES, the admired soprano; Mr. H. J. LINDSAY, the successful delineator of the songs of Henry Russell; Herr W. GOLLMICK, the celebrated pianist and composer; Mr. JAMES HUNTER, the great violin solo performer; Proprietor, Mr. W. COWPER

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (24 February 1862), 3 

CROWDED HOUSES EVERY NIGHT AT THE EXCHANGE HOTE AND Concert Concert Hall, Licensed pursuant, to act of Council. TO-NIGHT, MONDAY, Feb. 24, 1802. The entire strength of the company will appear in a new musical burlesque, entitled, - HAMLET YE DANE, OR THE PRINCE OF DENMARK. Hamlet, Mr. Henry James Lindsay. Horatio, Miss Leslie. King Claudius, Mr Smart. Lapertius, Mr. H. Williams. Ghost of Hamlet's Daddy, Mr. C. Rice. Bruin a little smart boy, Joe Miller. Queen, Miss Leslie - Full band - Leader, Mr James Hunter. Pianist, Mr. H. Williams. Clarionet, Herr Willhelm Rust. Cornet, Herr Gottingin. Doors open at half-past seven o'clock, to commence at eight. ADMISSION-SIXPENCE. Stage Manager. Mr. H. James Lindsay.

"CASTLEMAINE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Mount Alexander Mail (1 April 1868), 2 

The recently formed Choral Society last evening gave their first concert in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute. It is so often the case that a really refining entertainment lacks patronage here, that the number of the audience was a matter of congratulation, and we trust, the fact may be taken as indicative of an increased love of the fine arts. The society chose a by no means oft heard composition in Castlemaine - Schiller's well known "Lay of the Bell," with the music of "Romberg." We observe that Mrs. Hodgson and nearly all those who were members of the Philharmonic Society have joined the new creation . . . the submissive yet manly chorus of workmen "Good master, rightly you advise," which brought out the strength of the company. The chorus is one of a really thrilling character but difficult of execution: the singers well brought to the surface the conception of the composer, but the influence of the instrumental aid afforded by Messrs. Howson, J. Hunter, T. Hunter, Goode, Braithwaite, Brown, and Mrs. Fatherly showed their services to be a necessity . . . A beautiful song, "Lo! hear the gentle lark" [recte Lo, here the gentle lark] from Miss Howson, accompanied by the orchestra, was rendered in a style that could scarcely be surpassed and with such evident proficiency, Miss Howson must shortly take another sphere of action. The song referred to finishes with a duette cadenza between the flute and the vocalist. Mr. T. Hunter was the instrumentalist, and with marked precision got through his delicate task . . .

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (16 April 1868), 2 

We recently intimated that Rutter's Mass in D would be sung at the Church of St. Mary, Hargreave-street, at the Easter festival . . . The instrumentalists were Messrs. Howson (leader), J. Hunter (second violin), Mr. T. L. Brown (violoncello), Mr. Huenerbein (viola), with Mrs. Hodgson (organist). Most of the performers were members of the old Philharmonic Society . . .

"THE HOWSON CONCERT", Mount Alexander Mail (28 October 1868), 2 

. . . Mr. P. Hunter gave "The Brave Old Temeraire" in a vigorous, effective, and correct manner. "The Anvil Chorus" was another success. Mr J. Hunter, who is the best amateur clarionet player we know, gave a solo on his pet instrument, by Verdi, and was loudly encored . . . Desiring to place on record the names of those who contributed to so great a musical treat, we give them as follows : - Vocalists: Mesdames Hodgson and Gardiner, Misses Howson, Crowley, Bourne, Froomes, and Binns; Dr. Mackenzie, Messrs. Firman, Carty, P. Hunter, J. J. Cooke, Hasler, Ewing, Green, Bannister, Hodgson, Heley, and Lloyd; Masters Huenerbein and Lindsay. Instrumentalists: Mrs. Hodgson, Messrs. Howson, Huenerbein, Brown, Rule, J. Hunter, T. Hunter, and Goode. Pianists, Mrs. Hodgson and Miss Howson; Leader, Mr. Howson.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (11 December 1868), 2 

Mr. and Miss Howson's concert at the Mechanics' Institute last night night passed off very agreeably. Undoubtedly it would have been more satisfying had Mr. Howson been there to give more body to the melody by his fine instrumentation, but he being under an engagement at Sandhurst, and his name not being announced, was not expected. With great courage Miss Howson took the burden of the programme upon herself . . . Last night Mr. Carty and Mr. Paton contributed ballads, and Mr. John [sic] Hunter a clarionette solo . . . The Bravura, - "Lo hear the Gentle Lark," [Lo here the gentle lark] by Miss Howson, in which she was accompanied on the flute by Mr. Thomas Hunter, was one of the best efforts of the evening. The splendid music of the song was skilfully rendered, both in the vocal and instrumental parts . . .

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (15 August 1870), 2 

The Sisters Duvalli performed on Saturday evening to a full house. The audience were unmistakably pleased with the entertainment, judging from the demonstrations of applause with which both the dramatic arid terpsichorean parts were favoured. The band, consisting of Messrs Howson (leader), Hunter, Goods, Huenerbein, sen., and Huenerbein jun., performed excellently. The overture from the "Bohemian Girl " was especially well rendered.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (16 January 1873), 2 

The lack of amusements in Castlemaine for some time back will have prepared the public to accord a generous support to any really good company who, in their meanderings through the colony, choose to pay this town a visit. From information which has been received, the void is likely to be filled up next week by a company who have earned no small notoriety in Bendigo as the Sandhurst City Musical Club. Their performances are after the Christy Minstrel style, which at all times commands the popular ear. There are no less than 23 performers, under the management of Mr. J. W. Marshall. Mr. James Hunter leads the orchestra, and amongst the leading players are Mr. Hallas, the well-known cornet player, Mr. Thos. Hunter, piccolo, and in fact all the leading musicians of the Sandhurst district, men of notoriety in the musical world, and also men of means. It is intended, we believe, to give the first concert on Wednesday next, the 22nd inst., when, if prestige goes for anything, they will be greeted by a full and appreciative house.

"EARLY CLOSING ASSOCIATION CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (10 December 1874), 2 

It appears that an addition has been made to the number of those who have so kindly come forward to assist the Early Closing Association, and we are sure that the names of Scott, Westropp, and Ripper, in conjunction with those named before, will be welcome to admirers of good music. We have been informed that the lad Allpress, the juvenile pupil of Mr. James Hunter, by consent of his father, will play a solo on the violin.

"POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE", The Express and Telegraph (14 April 1875), 2 

POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE. (Concluded from yesterday.) Hwata Catsnoshin, Tora Ketchi, and Dicki-noski, members of the Asiatic Circus Troupe, were charged, on the information of Thomas Brooks Hunter, of Gawler, compositor, with assaulting and beating him, at Adelaide, on April 6. Prosecutor stated that at the time the assault was committed he was a member of the orchestra at the Theatre Royal. On the morning in question Catsnoshin said he wanted to see him in the Theatre. Replied he was busy and could not go . . .

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (9 July 1875), 2 

At the Theatre Royal last night there wore two comedies played, - the first the comic drama of the Peep Showman; the second Brougham's comedy of Playing with Fire. Both pieces wore well played, but we regret to notice to a thin audience . . . During the evening the band under the leadership of Mr. James Hunter played some excellent selections from popular operas with considerable skill, which was highly appreciated . . .

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. J. HUNTER", Bendigo Advertiser (2 December 1875), 2 

Last evening the complimentary benefit tendered to Mr. James Hunter, by the Sandhurst Christy Minstrels, took place in the Royal Princess' Theatre. A crowded attendance testified to the appreciation of the many gratuitous services often rendered by the beneficiaire. The Christy Minstrels, after a selection had been given by Hallas's Band, took possession of the boards, and in the several songs rendered by them gained frequent applause. "I'm waiting, my darling, for thee" was well rendered by Mr. J. W. Marshall; and Mr. S. Stewart in "Silver threads among the gold " was very successful. A song by Sambo (Mr. H. Marks), "Do you know where nowhere is" was enthusiastically encored. The interval was devoted to the appearance of the Sandhurst bellringers, who gave several selections in an able manner. The second part of the programme served to introduce to the audience several of Mr. Hunter's pupils, disciples of Paganini, who in the several performances served to show the ease of their leader's training, and exhibiting a remarkable aptitude for the violin. A solo " Blue bells of Scotland," by Master A. Lazarus; duet, "Here me, Norma," by Messrs. A. Lazarus and Allpress; and solo, "Hope told a flattering tale," by Master Allpress; and another solo by Master Mellor; all showed considerable execution. Dances and songs by members of the Christy Band enlivened the. performance and "Blinks and Jinks," characters by the company, was very successful, the whole concluding with the plantation walk-round "Carry the news to Mary."

"GENERAL SUMMARY", Bendigo Advertiser (4 October 1876), 1 Supplement 

We have a musical genius in embryo, in the person of Master George Allpress. Master George is little more than ten years old, and is a violinist and pianist of extra ordinary capacity. His father, Mr. Charles Allpress, of Kangaroo Flat, Sandhurst, noticing his very early bias for music, has had him for the last two or three years taught the violin, and he plays (on a tiny one made for him) with wonderful skill for so small a child: his bowing and fingering are specially noticeable for their ease and finish, and as he is a fluent reader, his appearance, as he stood recently, before a select number of musical people, playing a brilliant fantasia on airs from "Lucretia Borgia," was that of a little maestro. About twelve months since he commenced to display a predilection for the piano, and his father at once placed him under the tuition of Herr Edward Calon, a Sandhurst teacher of note, who has advanced him in his studies so rapidly that, although he did not know a note of bass when he commenced, he is now able to execute Beyer, Linge, Farmer, Oesten, and other authors' compositions. His execution of Beyer's "La Fille du Regiment," and West's fantasia on airs from "Guillaume Tell," is astonishing, the great feature being the extraordinary amount of expression introduced by him, and the judgment he evinces in the use of the pedals. Herr Calon is very proud of his child-pupil, and he may well be so. There is a great future in store for the little fellow if he is treated wisely. Mr. Hunter, of this city, was his tutor on the violin.

"MASTER ALLPRESS", Bendigo Advertiser (30 September 1876), 1 Supplement 

(To the Editor of the Bendigo Advertiser.) Sir, - In your issue of the 20th instant appears a paragraph in reference to a Master George Allpress, wherein he is described as a pianist and violinist of extraordinary capacity, and attributing his success solely to the tuition of Herr Calon. In justice to myself I cannot allow such a statement to remain uncontradicted, and should have done so before but was in hope Herr Calon would have had the courtesy to take the task out of my hands. I trust, however, the same publicity will be given to my letter that has been given to your paragraph. It was I who instructed Master Allpress on the violin, he becoming my pupil when only seven years of age, and it was wholly on account of the pains I took to give him proficiency on the instrument that he was able to make his first appearance before a Sandhurst audience, while under my tuition, about ten months ago. - Yours truly. JAMES HUNTER, Professional Violinist. Sandhurst, 27th September.

"MR. JAMES HUNTER", Bendigo Advertiser (14 August 1877), 2 

MR. JAMES HUNTER. The illness of this well known musician is far more serious than his friends anticipated. His medical adviser recommends perfect rest, and has given an opinion that he will be unable for some time, if ever again, to attend to his professional duties. Mr. Hunter has acted as leader of the orchestra in all the theatres in this city, and is a very old resident. He has a wife and family depending solely on his exertions, and has been unwell for several months. We understand that it is the intention of the Sandhurst City Dramatic Club to give a performance shortly for the benefit of Mr. Hunter's family.

"THE BENEFIT TO MR. HUNTER", Bendigo Advertiser (5 December 1877), 3 

THE BENEFIT TO MR. HUNTER. (To the Editor of the Bendigo Advertiser.) Sir, - It is with feelings of pleasure I often see in our local papers notices of benefits for persons who have been so unfortunate as to meet with accidents, etc., in our mines, and for whom the public are asked to lend a helping hand. The last was for Mr. James Hunter, the well-known musician, who has been suffering from a protracted illness for some considerable time. I am aware that rumor should not be taken as gospel, yet almost every fact was once only rumor. Then, assuming the case in point as only rumor, for the benefit of at least one citizen, an explanation, I think, is necessary with reference to the paying over of the balance of the performance to him. If it has been done, rumor is at fault; if not, the sooner it is done persons unfortunate as to the better for all concerned. Yours, etc., INQUIRER.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (11 March 1878), 2 

Mr J. Hunter, so popular in Sandhurst in musical circles, has been committed to the Kew Lunatic Asylum.

"DEATHS", Bendigo Advertiser (4 October 1878), 2 

On the 25th of September, at Kew, James Hunter, musician, aged 40 years; deeply regretted by all knew him. Manchester and Liverpool papers please copy.

"DEATH OF MR. J. HUNTER", Bendigo Advertiser (4 October 1878), 2 

We regret to learn that Mr. James Hunter, the well-known violinist, expired at Kew on the 25th September, and now lies in the Melbourne Cemetery. He was an old resident of Sandhurst, and was known as a musician of ability. He was a native of Manchester, and arrived in New Zealand when quite a child. At a very early age he showed unmistakable musical talents, and when thirteen years of age he was first violinist to the Auckland Philharmonic Society, and at the same time was also leading alto of the Choral Society. He came with his parents to Victoria over 20 years ago, and followed the profession of musician, having been employed in nearly all the theatres of the colony. He was a resident of Sandhurst for fourteen years, and was well liked and esteemed by his friends. He died at the age of 40, and leaves a wife and two children.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (5 October 1878), 2 

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (19 January 1885), 2 

The members of the Advertiser Band, which recently completed the second year of its existence, met on Saturday evening with a very pleasing recognition of their efforts, the companionship of compositors employed in the office having got up a banquet in their honor. The affair took place at Host Wicklein's National Hotel, Pirie-street, and was most successful, nearly sixty sitting down to an excellent dinner. The principal toasts were "The Advertiser Band," proposed by Mr. Wm. Avery, and responded to by Mr. T. B. Hunter, the bandmaster, and "Success to the Advertiser, Chronicle, and Express," proposed by Mr. W. Fowler, and responded to by Mr. W. H. Jeffery, the managing printer. Advantage was taken of the occasion to present to Mr. W. Avery, the chapel clerk, a handsome pickle cruet as a mark of appreciation of his services. Selections by the band, singing, and recitations, occupied the intervals between the toasts, and the party broke up about 10 o'clock after spending a most sociable evening.

[News], The Express and Telegraph (1 June 1885), 3 

A social was given by the Advertiser Band at the Rechabite Hall on Saturday evening. About 200 persons were present, and the proceedings were of an enjoyable character. The programme opened with a fantasia, "La Passirelle," which was well rendered by the band, who also gave the "See Saw" valse with capital effect . . . Mr. Thomas B. Hunter acted as conductor of the band, and Miss E. G. Williams and Mrs. W. H. Fowler as accompanists. At the conclusion of the concert the room was cleared for dancing, which was carried on with spirit to the strains of a part of the band until a late hour . . .

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (16 April 1890), 4 

HUNTER. - On the 16th April, at Flinders-street, Thomas Brooks Hunter, the beloved husband of Catherine Hunter, aged 43 years.

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (18 April 1890), 2 

A correspondent, writing from Adelaide, informs us of the death of Mr. Thomas Brooks Hunter, who served his apprenticeship in our office, and who will be remembered by the public as a musician who took part in entertainments for charitable and meritorious objects. He had only reached his 43rd year, and has left a widow and five children to mourn over their loss. The Hunter family were all musicians, and thus became widely known wherever they took up their abode. The mother of the deceased still resides in Castlemaine.

"SCRATCHINGS IN THE CITY", Kapunda Herald (9 May 1890), 2 

The Advertiser printers engaged themselves in a good work the other night when they gave an entertainment, whose proceeds were applied to the assistance of the relatives, of their late bandmaster, Thomas B. Hunter, who left the world awhile ago. Hunter was a clever man, who had no need to remain so long a compositor if he had only been as ambitious as he was mentally capable. He was a splendid musician, with whom to hear a tune once was to remember it ever after wards. He might have been celebrated alike as a performer upon all sorts of instruments and as a composer of delightful melodies. His imitative power was marvellous. In the old Mount Alexander Mail office at Castlemaine how well are remembered the skill of feats of legerdemain which he performed upon the composing stone the next day after witnessing some conjuror at the local theatre. There was nothing which he could not do after he had seen somebody else do it once, and his capacity for origination was as great as his mimetic faculty. What a record Thomas B. Hunter might have had if plodding and patience had been more closely associated with his genius! But after all, it must be right that Nature should make compensations in the arrangements of her gifts.

"DEATHS", The Mail (7 August 1937), 2 

HUNTER. - On August 7, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. H. Hoare, 22 Broadway, Reade Park, Catherine, widow of the late Thomas Brooks Hunter, and loving mother of Reg and Flo, aged 81 years. Resting.


Amateur musician, violinist, naval officer, governor

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 29 August 1737
Arrived (1) Botany Bay, NSW, 20 January 1888 (second captain, per Sirius, from Portsmouth, 13 May 1787)
Departed (last) Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1800 (per Buffalo, for Spithead, UK)
Died London, England, 13 March 1821 (NLA persistent identifier)


John Hunter, 1792

Image: 1792 


A short biography of Hunter was published in The Naval Chronicle in November 1805, probably written by his brother William Hunter, the journal's editor. It is the sole contemporary source for the young Hunter's association with Charles Burney (1726-1814) who was himself then only in his late twenties.


John Hunter, An historical journal of the transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island (London: John Stockdale, [1793])

Many references to Indigenous song and dance

Journal kept on board the Minerva transport, from Ireland to New South Wales and Bengal, by John Washington Price, Surgeon, May 1798-June 1800; London, BL Add MS 13880; transcribed Fulton 2000

[18 January 1800, Queen's Birthday, Sydney] ... At 3 p.m. I repaired to dinner to the Governors, where there was a large and agreeable company, composed of the principal officers of the colony, civil and military, & the officers of Reliance, enlivend, graced & adorned with the presence of the most amiable ladies in the colony . . . We spent the afternoon with the greatest pleasure & harmony being entertained with some beautiful songs by the ladies, after which the Governor having played on the violin we had some minuets and country dances, at 12 we sat down to supper, after which the ladies retired . . .

[William Hunter], "Biographical memoir of Captain John Hunter, late Governor of New South Wales", The Naval Chronicle (November 1805), 349-67

Especially, 350 

Soon after their return to Scotland our juvenile adventurer was sent to his uncle, Robert Hunter, then a merchant in Lynn Regis, who, considering his nephew too young for any particular profession, very prudently sent him again to school in the town of Lynn. Here he became acquainted with the celebrated Charles Burney, Doctor of Music, who was then organist to the principal church in that town, and from being much in his family, began to testify a desire of being educated for the profession of music, but his uncle would not consent to his following this propensity, although so much the nephew's wish; he, however, so far indulged the youth's inclination, as to permit his becoming a scholar for a short time. He was at one period intended for the church, having gone so far through his education at the schools in Edinburgh as to have read the best Latin authors, and was sent to the University of Aberdeen, but could not be prevailed on to remain there. The early misfortune of shipwreck, so incident to a maritime life, did not abate his ardour for naval pursuits; and finding the desire he entertained for becoming an apprentice to Dr. Burney, was not to be indulged, he expressed to his uncle a wish to embark again on a sea life; he was, therefore, recommended to Captain Thomas Knackston, commanding His Majesty's sloop Grampus, upon the Lynn station, and was received on board that ship as a Captain's servant in May, 1754. Being now sixteen years old ...

Bibliography and resources:

George Mackaness, "John Hunter our 2nd naval governor", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1945), 9

Pamela Jeanne Fulton (ed.), The Minerva journal of John Washington Price: a voyage from Cork, Ireland to Sydney, New South Wales, 1798-1800 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000), 146

Linda Groom, A steady hand: Governor Hunter & his First Fleet sketchbook (Canberra : National Library of Australia, 2012), 97

HUNTER, William (William HUNTER)

Pianoforte maker and tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853

HUNTER, Miss M. (Miss M. HUNTER)

Teacher of the Pianoforte

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853



Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


[2 advertisements], The Argus (25 January 1853), 7

MISS M. HUNTER, teacher of the Piano-forte, Johnston-street, Collingwood . . . PIANOFORTE.- WILLIAM HUNTER, Maker and Tuner. Instruments thoroughly repaired and tuned. Orders let at Mr. Bain's, Watchmaker, 96, Elizabeth-street, promptly attended to.

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 February 1853), 8 

MUSIC - MISS M. HUNTER, pupil of M. Devaux, of London and Edinburgh, gives instruction on the pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 August 1857), 3 

. . . THE CAMP HOTEL, Eaglehawk . . . Pianist - Mr. W. Hunter . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3 

CAMP HOTEL, EAGLE HAWK. FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 5th, 1858. BENEFIT and last appearance but one of MR. W. WHITE, (Formerly of Rainer's Serenades) . . . Mr. Hunter - Piano . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (24 June 1858), 1 

CAMP HOTEL, EAGLEHAWK. FAREWELL BENEFIT OF MR. J. SMALL. THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, 24TH JUNE, 1858. The following artistes will appear - MISS L. SWANNELL, MR. F. A. LEEMAN, MR. W. WHITE, (The celebrated Champion Dancer, and delineator of Negro Character, late of Rainer's Serenadera,) MR. W. HUNTER, and MR. J. SMALL.

? [Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1858), 1

ANY person who can give the least Information of WILLIAM HUNTER, who arrived in Melhourne, from Glasgow, about three years ago, will be thankfully received by his brother James. Pleaso address to the office of this paper.

HUNTINGTON, William ("Blind Billy")

Musician, organist

Born Petersham, NSW, 1855
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 21 November 1930


"BLIND ORGANIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1930), 16 

With the passing of "Blind Billy" Huntington there is little likelihood of any more musicians being granted the right to play on McMahon's Point Wharf Sydney. For over 50 years Blind Billy had played, first a concertina, and then an organ, at Milson's Point, and later at McMahon's Point. Huntington's father built the original Milson's Point wharf for the late Captain Milson, who stipulated in his will that as long as "Blind Billy" lived he must be allowed to play on the wharves. While the ferry company has honoured the proviso to the letter, they have always refused to grant similar rights to others. Despite his affliction, "Blind Billy" was a great church worker, and frequently played the organ in Crow's Nest Baptist Church. Dr. Watson, pastor of the church, relates that when the old chap realised that, owing to his lowly calling, he could not do enough for his church financially, he decided that he would "reach the hearts of the people by playing hymns on the wharf." "It was his way of preaching the gospel," said Dr. Watson.

Bibliography and resources:

"Huntington, William (Blind Billy) (1855-1930)", Obituaries Australia

HURFORD, Henry Robert

Piano maker, tuner, selector, importer (Hurford and Co.)

Born England, c. 1828
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 February 1853 (emigrant per Melbourne) Died Stockbridge, Hampshire, England, 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HURFORD, Lewis William

? Piano maker, musical amateur (Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society)

born England, c. 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 February 1853 (emigrant per Melbourne)
Deaprted Sydney, NSW, after 1867
Died Hampshire, England, 24 December 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1866), 3

"INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION", Empire (20 March 1861), 5

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1864), 5


Violinist, conductor, flautist

Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1858), 3


Machinist, inventor, amateur organ builder

Born c. 1802
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1839
Died Dandenong, VIC, 17 August 1872, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE WESLEYAN ORGAN", Port Phillip Gazette (3 December 1842), 2 

This noble instrument is at last erected in the organ gallery, which has been recently built for its reception, and, independent of its rich and reacy tones, is altogether a very handsome piece of furniture. The instrument was furnished to order, by Nicholson, of Rochdale, a maker of no mean repute, and contains twenty-five stops, with two octaves of German peddles: it has also three distinct rows of keys for the swell, choir, and great organs: and the manner in which it has been put up, redounds infinitely to the credit of Mr. Hurlestone and his compeers. It is the intention of the Wesleyan body to open this organ on the evening after Christmas day, with a grand oratorio, consisting of selections from from the most celebrated sacred compositions of Handel, Hadyn, and Mozart, the whole of which will be performed by the chapel choir, assisled by amateurs, who are now practising under the professional eye of Mr. Ciark, the organist.

"NEW ORGAN", Port Phillip Herald (21 March 1843), 4; transcribed Rushworth

An ingenious machinist, Mr. Peter Hurlstone, residing in Lonsdale-street, next door to Messrs. Brown and Middlemiss, the coach builders, and by trade a carpenter, has succeeded in building an excellent organ . . . The metal pipes and ivory keys are only of British manufacture, the other pipes, and every other article composing the machinery, is of cedar . . . We undertstand Mr. Hurlstone has been occupied in this work, at various intervals when his other avocations permitted, for the last twelve months . . . The isntrument, as it now stands, has been valued at £60 . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, Historic organs of New South Wales, 53-54, 56



Active Beechworth, VIC, 1857


"MR. ELLIS'S BENEFIT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 February 1857), 2 

A couple of songs of a local character are to be sung by a Mr. Hurst, who, we perceive, makes his first appearance in Beechworth on the occasion . . .


Violinist, convict

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1839


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (26 March 1839), 7

Thomas Husband, but better known as the "sprig" was charged by a tailor named Hepburn, with robbing him of a diamond pin, valued at £4. It appeared, that on the last day of the races, Thursday, the prisoner was playing upon a violin in Mr. Taylor's booth, upon the course, Hepburn came in, when the prisoner lumped up and caught hold on each side of his waistcoat and asked him to stand treat, to this Hepburn consented, and prisoner had something to drink, a man who was known to Hepburn by sight, but whose name he did not remember, told him that he had seen the prisoner take the pin out of the breast of his shirt ...


Musician, pianist, piano-tuner


Pianist, composer, music educator

Born Melbourne, VIC, 20 July 1871
Died USA, 9 February 1951 (NLA persistent identifier)




[News], Camperdown Chronicle (20 February 1877), 2

Saturday's Daily Telegraph says: Ernest Hutcheson, aged five years and a few months, the son of Mr. David Hutcheson, of Carlton is undoubtedly a prodigy. The child was introduced to a few musical people yesterday at Mr. Allan's, in Collins street. Perched on his knees in a chair; he performed the fantasia, by Gautier, from "ll Trovatore"; a fantasia, by the same composer, from "Don Giovanni"; the "Siege of Rochelle", by Chotek; "La Sympathie" by Comettant; and a number of other difficult selections, and the execution, time, and expression of the performances was more than extraordinary. The child had not muscular strength enough to bring out the full tones of the piano where they were required, but he proved that he knew exactly what should be done though he could not do it. Mr. Julius Herz tasked him severely by striking chords on the piano when his back was to the instrument, but the child named every note in each case without any hesitation, and never made a mistake. It is ten months since he first touched a piano, and he has had no tuition further than what he has received from his father, who states that the boy has chiefly taught himself. He sits down to the piano and sometimes plays for four hours without stopping, reading the most difficult music with ease. Mr. Herz Herz will probably take charge of the little wonder, and it will be interesting to watch his career.

"Ernest Hutcheson, aged five years ...", Grey River Argus (15 March 1877), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (5 September 1877), 5

"THE INFANT MOZART", The Argus (14 January 1878), 7

[Court evidence] ... The statement of David Hutcheson, of 2 Grattan terrace, Grattan street Carlton, was in substance as follows: In my youth I was apprenticed us a blacksmith and fitter, but now I am a musician and pianoforte tuner I teach piano playing. Before I was 15 years of age I was a band master and an organist of a church. Before Rosina Brown cohabited with me, she knew that I had been married in Scotland, and that my wife was alive ...

"MUSICAL CELEBRITIES", South Australian Register (26 May 1891), 6

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The  Argus (21 May 1892), 10


Professor of Music

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 January 1863), 7

HUTCHINSON, William Forbes

Bandsman, flute player, graduate of Royal Military School of Music, Kneller Hall, bandmaster, composer

Born Island of St. Helena, 1844
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1885
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1901, aged 56


"Amusements", Evening News (27 August 1885), 3

"MOONLIGHT PROMENADE CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1886), 10

The bands of the Second Regiment and of the Volunteer Artillery were the performers, numbering together over 40 players. Mr. Hutchinson, bandmaster of the Second Regiment, led off with his forces in a march of his own composition "N.S.W. Cavalry."

"INDUSTRIAL BLIND INSTITUTION", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1890), 9

"FEDERATION MARCH", The Catholic Press (17 April 1897), 16

"THE FEDERATION CANTATA", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1897), 8

Brigade Bandmaster W. F. Hutchinson's new "Federation Cantata" will be performed in the presence of his Excellency the Governor at the York street Centenary Hall tomorrow night. The composer will conduct a full chorus and orchestra of about 370 performers, with Miss Edith O. King, Mr. Woodhouse, Herr Staedtgen, Mr. Sam Poole, Mr. Edgar Straus, and others as soloists.

"MILITARY MATTERS", Evening News (22 June 1900), 7

Short authorised biography

"DEATH OF BRIGADE BANDMSATER HUTCHINSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1901), 10

The death is announced of Mr. William Forbes Hutchinson, Brigade Bandmaster of the New South Wales Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery, which took place yesterday afternoon. The deceased had been ailing for several months, and for the past fortnight was treated at the Sydney Hospital, where he succumbed at the ago of 56. The late bandmaster, who was known throughout Australia as an accomplished musician, was born at St. Helens, where, at the early age of 12 years, he enlisted in the St. Helens Regiment as a bugle boy. After a few mouths' service he left for England for the purpose of pursuing his musical career, in which he gave great promise. He studied principally at the Royal Military Musical College, Kellner Hall, Whitton Hounslow, and also under the late Sir Arthur Sullivan for the flute. Five years later he, at his own desire, returned to St. Helens, and was appointed band- master to the 12th Regiment when only 17 years of age. He subsequently journeyed to Ireland, and went into barracks at Cork, and was attached to the Manchester Regiment as bandmaster. At the time of the Afghanistan war his regiment was ordered to India on service. He remained in India for a period of 12 years, during which time he not only performed his duties to the regimental band, but formed several bands amongst the native regiments. At the close of an active career in India, the late bandmaster proceeded to New Zealand, and saw active service in the New Zealand campaign at Waikato. Subsequently the late Mr. Hutchinson came to New South Wales, and followed up his musical career, and was appointed brigade bandmaster of the New South Wales Military Forces in July 1895. During his connection with the local military forces he did much towards raising the standard of military music in the various regiments. In addition to his military duties the deceased gentleman devoted considerable time and attention to the encouragement of band music, and was instrumental in forming bands in connection with the Blind Institution, the Sydney Amateur Military, St. Mary's High School, the Hibernian Society, and the New South Wales Police Band (of which he was until a few weeks ago bandmaster). The late Mr. Hutchinson was also well known as a composer.


Musical works:

Grand Federation march (from The Federal Cantata composed by W. F. Hutchinson, Brigade Band Master, N. S. W. Military Forces) (Sydney: W. H. Paling, c1897)

Federation cantata (words by various Australian and British poets; music by William Forbes Hutchinson) (words only: Sydney: [William Brooks & Co.], 1897)

HUTTON, David John

Composer, organist, vocalist, songwriter

Born Brighton, Sussex, England, c.1829
Arrived SA, 1839
Died North Adelaide, SA, 30 September 1904

HUTTON, David John (junior)

Clarinet player

Born Milang, SA, 1 March 1855
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 July 1942, aged 87


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1858), 1

"EXTENSION OF MILANG JETTY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 December 1859), 4

"MILANG", The South Australian Advertiser (12 November 1862), 3

"NOARLUNGA", South Australian Register (4 May 1866), 3

"SOUTHERN RIFLE ASSOCIATION MATCHES", South Australian Register (20 October 1866), 3

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (3 October 1904), 4

"MOUNT COMPASS", The Advertiser (8 December 1908), 5

Musical works:

Australia, the queen of the south ("words of this song were written by Mr. Kemp; the music composed by Mr. Hutton, both of Milang") [1859]

Report only; unpublished; NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Dirge on the death of Prince Albert ("written and composed by D. J. Hutton, McLaren Vale"); musical supplement, in The Adelaide Musical Herald (30 January 1863), 20-21 

We're volunteers! ("Original Colonial Song"); musical supplement no. 2, in The Adelaide Miscellany (10 September 1868) 

HUXTABLE, John Alfred

Music retailer, music publisher, concert entrepreneur

Born Hackney, London, 22 September 1827
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1841
Died Dunedin, Otago, NZ, 24 April 1916, aged 88 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Huxtable was selling music and instruments from his general repository in Hobart by December 1850, having recently returned from a stock-buying trip to London and Europe. In partnership with J. E. Deakin from March 1854, as Huxtable & Deakin, in 1854/55 he published the two major series of colonial compositions, The Delacourt bouquet, and The Tasmanian lyre, both edited by Henry Butler Stoney.

A late item under their imprint was the song Tasmania the lovely, "composed by a Lady", released in May 1857. In fact by then, "After many years residence in Tasmania, and experience, both there and at London", Huxtable and Co. announced the opening of its "Music Warerooms and General Repository" in Ballarat in February 1857.


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (23 January 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (1 September 1849), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (4 January 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 November 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 December 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (18 March 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (16 February 1857), 3

"POLICE COURT", The Star (14 March 1857), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Colonial Times (14 May 1857), 2

"LAUNCESTON REVISITED", The Mercury (10 August 1907), 6

A very old business man of Launceston, Mr. John Alfred Huxtable, who, away in the early fifties, carried on the book-selling business now conducted by Mr. Birchall, is at present visiting the scene of his commercial operations. He has been residing in Dunedin, New Zealand, during the last thirteen years. Mr. Huxtable bought the Brisbane street business from Mr. Tegg, who belonged to a well-known family of publishers in London. While engaged in business in Launceston, Mr. Huxtable had also a book-shop in Murray-street, Hobart, in the house now occupied by Messrs. Bidencope and Son ... Mr. Huxtable brought out from England, at the age of 84, his father, Dr. Huxtable, who settled at Evandale.

HYAMS, Esther Eliza (Miss E. HYAMS; Mrs. William MEARS)

Professor of pianoforte and singing (pupil of Edward Boulanger)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860-63


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1862), 8

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (27 February 1863), 4  

HYDES, John Proctor

Vocalist, flute, cornet-a-piston, bones player, songwriter, actor, comedian

Born c.1825
Active Sydney, NSW, by April 1848
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 October 1882, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HYDES, Harriet (Mrs. J. P. HYDES; from c.1858 appeared as Miss Harriet GORDON)


Born c.1837
Active Victoria, by 1852
Died Auckland, NZ, March 1869, "aged 32" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

HYDES, Walter

Vocalist, actor


[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (25 April 1848), 3

Mr. J. P. HYDES, Congo Minstrel, and successful delineator of Negro Eccentricities, will make his first appearance in Sydney, and sing a variety of Ethiopian Melodies, with the Congo Bone Castinet accompaniment, interspersed with original conundrums, funnyicities, &c., illustrative of the Negro Life in Kentucky after "de labor ob de day."

"THE SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 November 1850), 2

Mr. J. P. Hydes having fraternized with Mr. Reading, the original Bones of the Serenading Company, from which Mr. Waterland has retired, a series of Ethiopian Concerts have been announced by these gentlemen, who purpose giving farewell entertainments in the country districts and the metropolis prior to their departure for California.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (23 November 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1850), 3

Refrain - Sydney Gals, J. P. Hydes

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (17 September 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1851), 1

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (10 April 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 September 1852), 5

"WORK OF ART", The Courier (8 December 1853), 2

"THE CRITIC AND THE ACTOR", Empire (17 April 1867), 5

"BANKRUPTCY ACT NOTICES", Otago Daily Times (8 July 1873), 6

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MRS. J. P. HYDES", New Zealand Herald (16 March 1869), 4

"DEATH OF MISS HARRIET GORDON", The Maitland Mercury (6 April 1869), 2

"MARRIAGE", The Press (8 February 1882), 2

[News], Launceston Examiner (8 March 1882), 1s

The veteran comedian J. P. Hydes, one of the oldest actors in the colonies, was recently married to Miss Madge Herrick, an actress at the Theatre Royal, Christchurch, New Zealand.

"THEATRICAL EXPERIENCES", Launceston Examiner (18 April 1882), 2

Mr. J. P. Hydes, a well known colonial actor, lately took a benefit at Invercargill, and we learn from the Otago Witness gave some interesting reminiscences of his career. After describing his experiences in Sydney, Mr. Hydes passed on to speak of Melbourne in 1852 and 1853, the time of the gold fever. ...

[News], The Argus (23 October 1882), 7 

Mr. J. P. Hydes, the well known actor, died yesterday after along and painful illness. He was well known in the early days of the drama in this colony, and with the late Mr. Charles Young very successfully managed the old Queens Theatre when that house was the only theatre in Melbourne. He returned to this city when the BIJOU was opened, and was for some time connected with the company there, but for several years past he has been in New Zealand. He finally came back to Melbourne about two months ago, quite broken in health. Mr Hydes always had the reputation of being a very capable actor, and he was at one time a great favourite both with the profession and the public. His age was 57.

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