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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–L (Lew-Ly)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–L (Lew-Ly)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 3 April 2020

- L - (Lew-Ly)

LEWIS, Miss B. D. (Barbara D. LEWIS)

Teacher of Dancing and Pianoforte, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854-68


A teacher of dancing and piano, she also composed The mayor's polka (no copy identified) and The Corporation polka.


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1855), 8

"MUSIC", The Argus (31 October 1855), 5

Miss Lewis, the well-known teacher of dancing, whose "Mayor's Polka" was performed at the last public ball given by his Worship, has, we are informed, been prompted by the anticipated splendor of the ball tonight to compose another new polka for performance this evening, which she has entitled "The Corporation Polka."

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1861), 3 

LADIES' COLLEGE, Fitzroy-gardens, Melbourne, Clarendon-street, corner of Albert-street. CLASSES next half year: - . . . pianoforte, Mr. E. Boulanger and Miss Lewis . . . Mr. and Mrs. VIEUSSEUX, Principals.

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1868), 8 

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1868), 8 


Teachers of the Pianoforte

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (19 January 1857), 4 


LEWIS, The Misses

Teachers of the Pianoforte

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1856), 1

LEWIS, Annie

Soprano vocalist ("The Australian Nightingale")

Active VIC and TAS, 1852-57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

PROTESTANT HALL. MESSRS DE GREY, C. WILKIE, AND GREGG, Beg to announce that their second CONCERT WILL take place THIS EVENING, at the above room, when the cast of the evening will consist of the following performers: VOCALISTS: Miss Lewis, (From Her Majesty's Theatre, she has had the honor of singing before Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and Royal Family,) Signor Georgi, (From the Opera House, Paris,) Mr. Moseley, (From the London Concerts) and Mr. John Gregg. INSTRUMENTALISTS: Mr Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts), Mr. Thatcher. Flautist, do, do. Mr. Charles Wilkie, Concertinist. Mr. De Grey, Cornet-à-Piston.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1853), 8

"OPENING OF THE LONSDALES-STREET ARCADE", The Argus (27 September 1853), 4

"General Intelligence", The Courier (28 October 1853), 2

MR. WINTERBOTTOM, the promoter of the Monster Concerts at Sydney and Melbourne, has arrived in Hobart Town, and we believe he is accompanied by a corps of vocal and instrumental performers, with the assistance of whom he intends to give before his departure a series of concerts a la Jullien. The praises which have been so lavishly heaped upon Mr. Winterbottom by our cotemporaries in the neighbouring colonies, some of which have found their way into our columns, will be sufficient to recommend his concerts to public support. We may add that Mr. Winterbottom intends to make an annual musical tour, accompanied by the best talent in the colonies, and that the vocalists he has at present with him are Miss Annie Lewis, from the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, and Mr. John Gregg, Primo Basso English Opera at the same theatre. Mr. Winterbottom is stated to be a most astonishing performer on the bassoon.

"MR. WINTEBOTTOM'S CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 November 1853), 3

The opening piece of "Turn on Old Time," from the opera, of Maritana, by Miss Annie Lewis, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Winterbottom was given in brilliant style, and elicited the admiration and praise of the audience. The beautiful ballad of "Shells of Ocean," by Miss Annie Lewis, was sung with exquisite taste, and received with raptures of applause.

"BENDIGO", The Age (23 August 1855), 5

Miska Hauser, whose arrival at Bendigo I mentioned in my last, held his first concert in the concert hall of the Royal Hotel, on Saturday evening last. There was a large and very respectable audience present, and, I have no doubt, had it been better known but that the hall would have been crowded to excess. Nevertheless, great interest was exhibited by those present, and on Miska Hauser coming on to the platform a loud burst of applause greeted him, which lasted for some time ... Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Annie Lewis, and Miss Graham, came in for a fair share of applause.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3

"M'IVOR", Bendigo Advertiser (13 November 1856), 2 

Last Saturday evening a concert was to have taken place at the Heathcote Hotel, and placards to that effect duly posted, announcing that "for one night only" the "inimitable Thatcher," accompanied by Miss Annie Lewis and Mr. Salaman, the pianist, would delight the ears of the lovers of fun and harmony in our little township. The "Inimitable," however, arrived alone, couldn't give a concert without his mates, and "sloped" back again next morning, much to the disappointment, and disgust of those who had assembled to hear him.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 July 1857), 3 

LEWIS, Henry

Dancing master

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833-35 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Lewis, "late of the Theatres Royal, London and for many years assistant to Mr. Hunt" advertised as a dancing master from Deane's Rooms in Hobart in December 1833. In April, Deane advertised to Lewis's creditors to present their bills, and in May his Hobart landlord threatened to put Lewis's "wearing apparel" up for auction. Nevertheless, Lewis weathered his financial difficulties and was appointed a petty constable in September, much to amusement of the Colonial Times in October, which made much of the former dancing-master's transformation into a policeman.


[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (29 November 1833), 1 

Juvenile Ball. MR. LEWIS (lately arrived from the Theatre Royal, Drury lane), begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that he intends giving a Ball, with the assistance of his pupils, in the long room at the Freemasons' Tavern, Harrington-street, on Monday evening, December 9th, 1833, to commence precisely at eight o'clock. Single tickets, 15s.; double tickets, to admit a lady and gentleman, or two ladies, one guinea, to be had at the bar of the Freemasons' Tavern. N. B. - Refreshments as usual. Nov. 29, 1833.

[2 advertisements], Trumpeter General (24 December 1833), 4 

THEATRE. MRS. CAMERON begs to announce to the gentry and inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that Tuesday next, the 24th instant, has been fixed upon for opening the THEATRE, on which occasion will be presented Kotzebue's celebrated play of THE STRANGER . . . After which, a Hornpipe by Mr. Lewis . . . To conclude with the laughable farce of the MARRIED BACHELOR . . . Stage Manager, Mr. Taylor; Ballet Master, Mr. Lewis; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Peck, Tickets, 6s. each; children under 12 years of age, half price, (not transferable,) issued from the bar of the Freemason's Tavern. Doors open at 6 o'clock, performance to commence at 7 o'clock.

DANCING. MR. LEWIS (late of the Theatre Royal Drury Lane and Covent Garden,) begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that he has opened an Academy for Dancing, at Mr. Deane's Rooms, Elizabeth-street, where every kind of fashionable Dancing is taught. N.B.- Schools attended, in town or country. For further particulars, apply at the rooms. Dec. 3.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 January 1834), 3

Dancing. MR. HENRY LEWIS (late of the Theatres Royal, London, and for many years assistant to Mr. Hunt,) begs to inform the inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that he teaches the Gallopade, Mazurka, Waltzing, Quadrilles, and every other fashionable style of dancing, at Mr. Deane's Concert Rooms. Private lessons at all hours to persons of any age. A select Academy for Young Ladies and Gentlemen under 14 years of age, every Monday and Thursday evenings, at the Rooms, from 6 till 10 o'clock. Families and Schools punctually attended. Mr. LEWIS will be happy to receive Visitors every Monday evening. A card of terms may be had at the Rooms.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 April 1834), 1

Notice to Creditors. ALL Persons having any claims upon Mr. Henry Lewis, Dancing Master, of Hobart Town, are requested to present the same to the Undersigned, on or before Monday, the 28th Inst. J. P. DEANE. Argyle-street, April 18th, 1834.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 May 1834), 1

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE No. 193", The Hobart Town Courier (19 September 1834), 2

[Court reports], Colonial Times (14 October 1834), 7

A ticket-of-leave man, whose name we could not catch, was chargred by the soi-disant district constable, Mr. Henry Lewis, late dancing master, comedian, leader of the corps de ballet, &c. &c. &c, with offering "tip" to the said district, to escape muster on Sunday last. Notwithstanding the positive assertion of the unfortunate ticket-holder, that the whole was a fabrication, the oath of the district carried it, (of course very properly) and the presumptuous and disrespectful ticket man was ordered to "tip" up his ticket, and to rusticate for six months at a road party.

"Double Refined Susceptibility", Trumpeter General (31 October 1834), 2 

A Gallopading young fellow of this town, who has lately entered into the Constabulary, but who retains a feeling for the Stage, and occasionally steps for Mr. Deane, the other day desired that his name might be omitted in the bills of the day, and "Amateur’" substituted, as he was now a Government Officer.

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Morning Star and Commercial Advertiser (9 January 1835), 2 

Henry Lewis, late a constable, and clerk to the Chief Constable, charged with stealing two bottles of gin from the office, and selling them to Mr. Holab [?], a druggist in Liverpool Street. The prisoner cross examined the witnesses at great length, and stated that he bought some of the gin off a man named Raper, in Liverpool Street, and some off Messrs. Wood and Menzies, but did not call either of the parties to prove his having done so. The Jury retired for a short time, and returned a verdict of guilty.

LEWIS, Louis Lucas (Louis L. LEWIS)

Organist, pianist, composer, amateur musician, broker

Born Kensington, London, England, 1834
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860s-70s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 December 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Lewis, a broker by profession, was an elector in Melbourne in September 1859. He was organist for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society concert in March 1860, with the Bianchis and Octavia Hamilton, and at which Beethoven's Calm sea and prosperous voyage was given its first colonial performance. In a letter to the Argus in July, Lewis weighed in, on the society's side, to a dispute with the composer Charles Elsasser on its alleged stinting of the band for their recent performance of his cantata.

In January 1861, Lewis's "beautiful new ballad" What sounds are those? was advertised for sale by Joseph Wilkie. He continued as honorary organist for the Philharmonic during 1861, and at a concert in October 1862 performed Weber's Concertstück on the piano. He was secretary of the amateur St. Kilda Popular Entertainments in 1869.


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus  (6 March 1860), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 October 1862), 8


LEWIS, Thomas (Mr. T. LEWIS; ? Sergeant Thomas LEWIS)

Master of the band of the 17th Regiment, clarinettist, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 February 1831 (per York)
Departed Sydney, NSW, March 1836 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 17th Regiment


Lewis and his band disembarked at Sydney on 9 February and within a week the people of Parramatta were reportedly "highly delighted at having the band of the 17th regiment stationed among them'. In October 1831, the band played for the departure of Governor Darling. Notably, for Barnett Levey's "at home" in September 1832, the "Musical Department [was] conducted by Mr. T. LEWIS, Master of the 17th Regiment's Band, assisted with the string Band of that Regiment."

Lewis was also active as a player independently of his band, as for instance in August 1834, when:

A Quintette for two violins, tenor, flute, and violincello, by Messrs. Wilson, Sippe, Josephson, Lewis, and another performer whose name we have not heard, was received with much applause..

At Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835, "Mr. Lewis's solo on the clarionette was a high treat". Appearing with his band regularly in Sydney theatre, Lewis composed at least one theatre song, Why don't the girls propose, for Maria Taylor in September 1835 (the lyrics an original poem that had appeared recently in the press). Lewis and his band appeared in Vincent Wallace's first Sydney concert in February 1836, and Lewis was rumoured to be planning a farewell concert of his own previous to he and his band departing with their regiment for India in early March. In farewell, the Gazette noted, not entirely approvingly, that Lewis had taken:

great pains to prepare a large stock of all new interesting and scientific music he could get hold of, and the choice of marches, overtures, and other tunes, reflects great credit on the 17th.


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1831), 2

[News] & "PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 February 1831), 3

"CHANGE OF GOVERNORS", The Asiatic journal and monthly miscellany (April 1832), 196

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (10 September 1832), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1833), 3

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 August 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Monitor (3 September 1834), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (27 November 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17 December 1834), 3

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3

"MR STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2


"Original Poetry", The Australian (15 September 1835), 4

[Advertisement]: "Theatre Royal, Sydney", The Australian (18 September 1835), 3

[News]: "Mrs. Taylor's benefit", The Australian (25 September 1835), 2

"THE BAND OF THE 28TH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 February 1836), 2

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 February 1836), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (18 February 1836), 2

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (4 March 1836), 2


Musical enthusiast, reviewer, recorder and transcriber of Indigenous songs

Born Lvov, Ukraine, 1795
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1832 (from Europe via South America)
Departed Hobart, VDL (TAS), April 1838 (per Emeu, for London)
Died (probably) London, 23 November 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



"MUSIC AT SYDNEY", Chambers Edinburgh Journal 275 (6 May 1837), 117

A FILE of colonial newspapers is apt to be a source of considerable entertainment. It is particularly so if the colony be new and small, and things be only, as it were, in the bud. It is then most amusing to observe how minds, which, at home, would be making a stir about great matters, go to work when they have to agitate about things comparatively little, and how the terms and modes of speech customary here, look, when applied with the same seriousness to the miniature concerns of one of these infant states. The squabbles, too, and bickerings which are incessantly going on amongst colonial editors, are extremely amusing at this cool distance, where nothing is intelligible but that two or three honest gentlemen have been grievously offending each other's love of approbation.

Number three of "The Reformer," a fortnightly paper commenced in June 1836, at Sydney, contains an article under the title of "Music in Australia," in which the editor gives an account of certain concerts which had recently taken place in the Australian capital. Both for the information it conveys, and the designed or undesigned humour which lurks in the composition, this article is worthy of the notice of our readers. The writer commences by stating that, when he arrived in the colony four years ago, music was little in fashion, partly in consequence of the troubles at the end of Governor Darling's administration. For six months, sad to relate, there had not been a single concert in Sydney.

"It was the arrival of Mrs. Taylor, and then subsequently of Mrs. Chester, that roused, as it were, the musical lethargy of New South Wales; but it cannot be said that music was fairly established amongst us, until the tide of emigration brought to our shores Messrs. Wallace and Deane. When the first of the named gentlemen arrived in Sydney, there were persons who said, it was an act of folly that a man of his acquirements should have ventured to come to Botany Bay, and it was asserted, that he would have to expiate such a want of judgment as this. We were never of the same opinion; and we were not mistaken. The first and the second concerts, although succeeding each other rapidly, were crowded to excess; and as it is required to speak sometimes in figures, we believe that L.80 at least were cleared each time. But what must have been the astonishment of the idiots and circumscribed amongst us, when, about six months after the arrival of Mr. Wallace and his family, Mr. Deane also (member of the Philharmonic Society of London) removed him self and family from Van Diemen's Land to New South Wales. As we are never despairing, we did not despair either, in seeing such a vast accumulation of musical talent pour into our colony. We said to ourselves, there are capitalists and settlers of from fifty thousand to five and six thousand pounds of income a-year, there is a high-salaried governor, there are well-paid public officers amongst us. It is impossible that they should not imitate, I would not just say the king, but the respectability and wealth of Great Britain. * * * Several concerts were given both by Mr. Wallace and Mr. Deane; and it must be said, as being very creditable to our public, that every one of them (with the exception of one) was very well attended - and the indifferent attendance of that one was caused by excessive bad weather. We have heard, beginning with Beethoven and Paganini, almost every virtuoso in Europe; we have practised music ourselves in the happier days of our youth; we have therefore some right to review freely the prominent talents which the colony possesses at the present moment."

He then describes Mr. Wallace as one who would be considered "a good solo-player, even in one of the first-rate theatres at home." There are "tones of his" that the colony "does not yet thoroughly comprehend," but he believes it will "grow up to them." Mr. S. W. Wallace is "a very feeling, nay, original flute-player;" and Miss E. W. is "a juvenile performer," whose voice is "even now sweet and melodious," though she is as yet deficient in the pronunciation of Italian. Mr. Deane is "a very diligent and attentive leader, a good performer, and well versed in the theoretical part of music. How beautifully did he lead the quintette of Haydn; such a thorough-wrought piece of music must affect every mind. * * * * It creates a very homely feeling to see Mr. Deane busying himself about his numerous family, for the sake of procuring us recreation, elation, and refinement of mind. Miss Deane labours under the same advantageous predicament as Miss Wallace - she is also very young. It is very creditable to Mr. Deane, to have formed such a skilful pupil as his daughter is. Many hours and days must have passed by, to bring forth such precocious accomplishments. There is no hesitation, there is no mistake in Miss Deane's playing. Look at her Greek March! There she begins, and there it runs on clear and perfect to the very end. Some passages are even sublime, and who can say how far Miss Deane will improve, when she also will have become a big girl. Master E. Deane is rather a phenomenon, and we have never before seen a boy of his age managing the violoncello as he does."

Mrs. Chester, "although the last in our article, is not the least among our colonial performers. She has the strongest, most sonorous, and expressive voice, we have heard in the colony. Amongst other songs, her Auld Robin Gray is an admirable piece, which we would not be tired to hear day after day. But having spoken of Mrs. Chester and our other virtuosoes, we must now observe, that all and every one of them are labouring under a most perplexing disadvantage, and this is the want of a proper orchestra. Look how things are going on at home. There is a band of, say a hundred, or sixty, or forty musicians; the leader with the roll of paper in his hand gives the majestic sign; a whirlwind, a thunder of tones is coming forth; the minds of the audience, as well as that of the virtuoso, are wound up to a proportionate degree of elation; and lo! out of that chaos of tones emerges, like upon celestial wings, the glaring utterance of the virtuoso. He dwells some longer or shorter time in the regions of his fancy and imagination, and when he arrives at a certain stop, a mass of tones is echoing him, mingling, as it were, their joy with the applause and cheering of an electrified audience. How different to this are our present concerts! The tones of a Wallace, of a Chester, of a Miss Deane, are accompanied by the confounded scraping of some botching fiddler; and if there is not a superabundant stock of feeling in the minds of the principal performer, it is certainly not by this accompaniment that such can be ever elicited.

We want therefore a regular orchestra. We want a regular orchestra for the new theatre now erecting - we want one for each of our two cathedrals, &c. The colony is advanced enough, and the treasury is rich enough, that such and similar refinements might be now expected. It would be very expensive to have the performers written for from England, especially as fate, as it were, has cast on our shores a superabundance of musical talent. It was to such immigration of foreign talent, that in the middle ages the Italian states were indebted for that splendour in arts and sciences to which they finally arrived. It was not by sorcery and magic that they reached that splendour. It was because their Sir R. Bourke's, their H. McArthur's, their Sir J. Jamieson's, S. Terry's, &c. were men possessing national pride, and willing to give bread to such immigrants as well out of their own pocket as out of the public revenue. It is said, that the present governor is fond of music, and so it may be. But we beg leave to remind his excellency, that it is not by taking a few tickets that such national improvements as the above will ever be accomplished. If fate had cast during his reign painters on our shores - well, then it would have been in his power to give, in the first instance, this direction to the colony. As things stand now, it is in his hands to make it an eminently musical country."

The article ends with some specialties more for the consideration of the governor than of our readers.

NOTE: Lhotsky was editor of The reformer and author of the article in question.

"LITERARY", The Cornish Telegraph [England] (21 November 1866), 4

A shocking instance has come under notice of the distress that sometimes falls upon literary men. A cab drove up to the door, and the driver explained that his fare had hailed him at Charing Cross Hospital, where he was sitting almost fainting on the steps. He told the cabby to drive him round here, and all he wanted was "an order admitting him to some hospital where might die." It was poor Dr. Lhotsky, the "Penslave," and author of a "Journey from Sydney to the Australian Alps in 1834." His name may be new to you, but once upon a time it appeared in almost every number of the "Notes and Queries."

Musical work:

A song of the women of the Menero tribe ("Arranged with the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen") (Sydney: John Innes, [1834])

See main entry Kongi kawelgo: 

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Whitley, "Lhotsky, John (1795-1866)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


Contralto (mezzo-soprano) vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 19 August 1865
Died Calcutta, India, 2 August 1931




[Advertisement], Evening News (5 March 1881), 1

"Miss Fannie Liddiard", Table Talk (14 November 1890), 3

"STAGE AND SCREEN", The Australasian (5 September 1931), 13 

Miss Fanny Liddiard. It is rather a coincidence that two Australian actresses who were closely associated in their stage work - Miss Nellie Stewart and Miss Fanny Liddiard - should have died within a few weeks of each other. Miss Liddiard (Mrs. W. P. Warren) died in Calcutta, where she had been living for the last 20 years, on August 2. Those who remember Nellie Stewart's famous Paul Jones opera company in its season at the old Opera House, now the Tivoli Theatre, will recollect Miss Liddiard succeeding Madame Marian Burton as Paul Jones. It must be 40 years since that wonderful combination of artists charmed Melbourne month after month, but those who do remember, and "The Chief" is one of them, are prepared to declare against all comers that it was one of the greatest companies that ever appeared in this city, and more over none will forget Fanny Liddiard as Paul Jones. It is pathetic to learn that Miss Liddiard was making plans for a visit to Melbourne with her husband, and that she was on her sick bed when she learned of the death of her old friend, Nellie Stewart.


Piano tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, 1848


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1848), 1 

MR. LIDDINGTON, from London, Pianoforte Tuner and Repairer, returns thanks to his friends for the flattering support he has received, and wished to intimate to parties who have not availed themselves of his services, that they may have their instrumenta tuned or repaired with dispatch; and by strict attention, to punctuality, he solicits a portion of public patronage. Liverpool-street. Two doors from Racecourse.


Professor of Music, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 8 February 1907, in his 60th year


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (26 September 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1866), 8

"BIRTHS", The Argus (20 July 1866), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (9 February 1907), 13

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (8 February 1908), 13

Musical works:

Au revoir valse (third edition, dedicated by special permission to her ladyship the countess of Hopetoun) (Melbourne: Troedel & Co., [188-]) 

The cycle waltz (dedicated ... to Lord & Lady Brassey) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [189-?]) 


Vocalist, bones player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1857


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

Mr. HENRY LIESLY, the great American bone player, and delineator of Ethiopian Character is continuing his engagement at the Rainbow Tavern Concert Hall.

LIGHT, George Thomas

Organist, piano and harmonium tuner, repairer, musical instrument maker, architect

Born Gloucestershire, England, 7 July 1820
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by February 1849
Died Adelaide, SA, ? 1896; ? 1911 (TROVE tagged)


Collins reported that according to C. E. Owen Smyth, "G. T. Light . . . was by trade a musical instrument maker - in Bristol" and afterwards was a draftsman in a foundry (Page 1986: 38) before his arrival in the colony. At the end of lecture on fine arts and music by Mr. Gilfillan in February 1849, "Mr. Pitman introduced Mr. G. T. Light, an ingenious colonial mechanist, who performed a piece of music on a seraphine, built by himself". As a result of this the birth-year of 1838 given by Collins must be incorrect.

At the opening of the New Church (Swedenborgian) in July 1852: "The musical part of the service was performed by a choir, accompanied by Mr. G. T. Light, late organist of St. John's, on the euphonicon". He played the harmonium for a concert by the North Adelaide Choral Society in May 1855. Collins quotes: "He was a man 'of small stature, one of the quietest men I've ever known, very methodical, fond of music', wrote W. G. Randall of him in 1924 (Parker n.d.: 2)."


[News], South Australian Register (24 February 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 July 1852), 2

"NEW CHURCH IN CARRINGTON STREET", South Australian Register (12 July 1852), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1854), 1

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 May 1855), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Julie Collins, George Thomas Light, Architects of South Australia

"Walter G. Light", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Light family papers; State Library of South Australia 

George Thomas Light was born in 1820 and came to South Australia in 1848 or early 1849, having been an instrument maker in Bristol, England. He was married to Marian Wilson in September 1850 at St Matthew's Church of England, Kensington. He was employed as a musical instrument maker and piano-forte tuner in Adelaide before obtaining a position as draftsman in a foundry. On 10 July 1856 he became a temporary draftsman in the Colonial Architect's Office, later receiving promotion to the position of Architect on 1 January 1874. On the appointment of E.J. Woods as Architect-in-Chief in 1878 G. T. Light became Assistant Architect. In October 1880 he obtained six months leave of absence and in July 1881 another twelve months leave; he was finally retrenched in 1883 and died in 1896.

He was responsible for the designs of many buildings in Adelaide and country centres; some of his most well known are the west wing of Government House and the original Public library, now the Jervois Wing of the State Library, housing the Mortlock collection of South Australiana. As a relaxation G. T. Light used to play the organ at Christ Church, North Adelaide. He and his wife had six children of whom two died in infancy.

LIGHT, William (Colonel LIGHT)

Amateur musician, surveyor

Born Kuala Kedah, Kedah, Malaysia, 27 April 1786
Arrived SA, 11 September 1836
Died SA, 6 October 1839 (NLA persistent identifier)


"COLONEL LIGHT", South Australian Register (3 February 1859), 2

... Captain William Light, distinguished by the variety of his attainments, an artist, musician, mechanist, seaman, and soldier ...

Bibliography and resources:

David F. Elder, Light, "William (1786-1839)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

LILEY, Thomas

Printer, lithographer, convict

Born England, c. 1802
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 18 November 1831 (convict per Lord Lyndoch, from London, 20 July)
Married Bridget , Sydney, 1844
Active Sydney, NSW, 1842-47/48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also checklist of sheet music prints:


In 1842, from premises in Brougham-place, Sydney, Liley lithographed and printed for Isaac Nathan, three sheet music editions: Koorinda Braia (first edition), Mable Macmahon, and Star of the South. In 1842, with Thomas Bluett, he produced at least one printed map signed "Liley & Bluet Lithographers", and the presence of the same handwriting in both Liley's and Bluett's prints for Nathan suggests that they were all perhaps at least partly joint productions.

Neidorf also suggests (249) that Liley was "T. L." in Woolcott and Clarke's Australian presentation album for 1855 (see left foot of the last music page of Why do I weep for thee and all music pages of Volunteer march . . .), however, there is no other evidence that he was still in Sydney after 1847, and he was plausibly the Liley who left the colony for New Zealand in July 1848.


Thomas Liley, 16 September 1830; The proceedings of the Old Bailey online 

1710. THOMAS LILEY was indicted for stealing, on the 12th of July , 1 looking-glass, value 5s.; 1 set of fire-irons, value 3s., and 1 piece of bed-furniture, value 1s., the goods of Thomas Fawcett . . .

. . . GUILTY. Aged 27. - Transported for Seven Years.

Thomas Liley, convict records; Tasmanian names index;$init=CON31-1-28p72$init=CON18-1-12p164 

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (11 March 1834), 7 

. . . Thomas Liley, charged with misappropriation of Government paper, and his labour in Government time, was ordered the tread-wheel for seven days, and to be confined in a cell at night . . .

[Government notices], The Hobart Town Courier (16 June 1837), 1 

Tickets of Leave . . . Thomas Liley, Lord Lyndoch . . .

? "Shipping Intelligence. DEPARTURES", The Sentinel (20 July 1848), 2 

July 16 - Spec, schooner, 175 tons, Captain Burns for the Bay of Islands and Auckland. Passengers - Captain J. Salmon, Mr. J. P. Lloyd, Mr. James Sheppard, Mr. and Mrs. Liley . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 191 (see also 154, 249, 326) (DIGITISED)

LILLINGSTON, Daniel William

Clarinettist (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Born ? Oxford; ? Middlesex, England, 12 May 1826
Arrived 4 April 1843 (with regiment per North Britain)
Regiment active Australia, 1843-56
Died Ballarat, VIC, 22 August 1916

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


A family history places him at the gates of Buckingham Palace when the birth of the future king Edward the Seventh was announced (9 November 1841). When he enlisted in the 99th Regiment of Foot on 16 June 1842 he was under-age to be a soldier so was put into the regimental band. He was discharged in March 1850 in Hobart Town. Pay records show his regiment number as 1791. After discharge, he worked in Tasmania for a while with the Tasmanian Postal service and then went to Victoria. Daniel was the first letter carrier for Ballarat. With wife Jane Watson he produced 14 children. He died 22 August 1916 and is buried in the old Ballarat Cemetery.


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"OBITUARY", The Ballarat Courier (23 August 1916), 4 

The remains of the late Mr. Daniel Lillingston were interred yesterday afternoon, the place of interment being the Old Cemetery. The deceased was a colonist of 63 years, and was widely known and respected in Ballarat and district. He was a native of Oxford, England, and before coming to Victoria resided in Tasmania where he married. Afterwards for nine years he resided in New South Wales. He leaves a grown-up family of four daughters and three sons. His wife died in South Australia on a visit to a son. The deceased lived to the advanced age of 90 years.

"Obituary", The Horsham Times (29 August 1916), 3 

Mr. Daniel Lillingston, who was Ballart's first postman, died last week. He was born in London 90 years ago. He reached Tasmania with the 99th Imperial Regiment 73 years ago, and joined the Tasmanian Postal Department 13 years later. Twelve months afterwards he joined the Victorian Postal Department, and settled in Ballarat two years later. He leaves 104 descendants.

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Private William Daniel Lillingston", Australia's red coat regiments


Organist, choral conductor (Hullah system), composer, piano tuner, bandmaster

Born c. 1813
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854
Died Enfield, SA, 14 June 1870, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


He was conductor of North Adelaide Choral Society (by 1855). In 1856 he introduced his anthem When the weary are at rest ("trio for two sopranos and bass, followed by a soprano duet, with a concluding chorus"). In February 1868 he was appointed "Band master, with the rank of Drum Major" of the South Australian Volunteer Artillery.


"THE DISSOLVING VIEWS", South Australian Register (10 August 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Register (21 November 1853), 4

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (6 May 1854), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 May 1855), 1

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (18 January 1856), 3

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (20 May 1856), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN VOLUNTEER MILITARY FORCE APPOINTMENT", South Australian Register (21 February 1868), 3

"DIED", South Australian Register (16 June 1870), 2

LINCK, George

Professor of Music and German

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by December 1858
Departed Sydney, NSW, 13 January 1862 (per La Hogue, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Probably recently arrived in December 1858, by January 1859 he was organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Balmain, and offering to teach pupils "on the Piano, Violin, and in Singing". At Cesare Cutolo's concert in February 1860, he accompanied the vocal performers, including Sara Flower and the Howsons (with whom he had an ongoing association), and later gave several concerts at Balmain. He departed for England in January 1862 on La Hogue, and after the end of the voyage a testimonial to him from his fellow passengers (including Sydney amateur choralist, Rev'd W. Cuthbertson) was published in the Sydney press. A former soldier, he had raised a volunteers corps among passengers on board the ship.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1858), 1

MR. G. LINCK, Professor of Music and German. Address 383, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1860), 1

"BALMAIN NATIONAL SCHOOL", Empire (25 June 1860), 4

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1861), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1861), 1

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1861), 4

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1861), 5

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1862), 4

"BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1862), 5

The members of St. Mary's Literary Institute gave their first entertainment on Tuesday evening, the 11th instant, before a numerous and highly respectable audience. It consisted of select pieces of music and reddings from sterling authors . . . During the evening the Rev. William Stack took advantage of the opportunity of presenting, on behalf of the choir of St. Mary's, to Mr George Linck, their late organist, who is about returning to Europe in La Hogue, five volumes of beautifully finished works by poetical and religious authors. He complimented Mr. Linck in high terms on his zeal and attention as choir master and organist, and also on his eflorts in promoting the taste for music in Balmain. Mr. Linck replied in suitable terms.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1862), 4


Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-1827 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695


Professor of music, pianist

Born Greifswald, Pomerania, Germany, c. 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1853 (per Wallace, from San Francisco)
Died South Yarra, VIC, 3 October 1911, aged 79 (TROVE tagged)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (20 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 July 1858), 1

"QUEENSLAND", The Argus (2 October 1861), 7

"LYSTER'S OPERA COMPANY. DEBUT OF MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (23 November 1867), 2

"FIFTY-FIVE YEARS OF MUSIC", The Argus (18 September 1907), 6

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (14 October 1911), 9

A well-known figure in the musical world of Melbourne and Australia, in the person of Mr. Otto Linden, has been removed by death, at the age of 79 (says the Melbourne "Argus"). Mr. Linden was a native of Germany. As a young man he went to the California goldfields from which he found his way in 1855 to Melbourne. He stayed in Melbourne then not a city of much musical attraction, only a little time, and went to South America, where he remained a number of years. Returning to Melbourne in the seventies, he quickly assumed a leading position in the musical World, and, with the late Mr. T. H. Guenett, organised the popular concerts of chamber music, which were carried on successfully for some years. When the Hobart International Exhibition opened Mr. Linden accepted the position of its musical director, and acted in a similar capacity subsequently at the Coolgardie Exhibition. Thereafter he settled in Perth, but returned to Melbourne after a few years, and took the control of St. Patrick's Cathedral Choir. His death took place the other day at-his residence in South Yarra. Mr. Linden was regarded as a sound musician of the German school. He was a Wagnerite of the "sweetly reasonable" type, declaring his acceptance of the new composer as an epoch maker in music, even before he left his native land for California, when Wagner's adherents were few and far between. Mr. Linden leaves a widow and three grown-up children. A daughter of the late Mr. Linden is now appearing with "The Arcadians" Company in His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.


Wagner and his works (illustrative reading by Mr Otto Linden, with recital of Tannhäuser (first Act) ... Independent Hall, Melbourne, Saturday, 19th September, 1885) ([Melbourne?: s.n., 1885]) 


Vocal pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier[Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

THOMAS LINDSAY (Vocal), Queen-st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

LING, West Morley

Piano retailer, music hall proprietor

Born Lincolnshire, England, c. 1806
Arrived Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 1849
Died Morpeth, NSW, 27 December 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (14 June 1856), 1 

Music Rooms, Morpeth.
W. M. LING has now on hand sound and brilliant-toned PIANOFORTES, by the best makers. Parties wanting good instruments, at a moderate price, will do well to avail themselves of the present favorable opportunity.
Pianofortes always on hand for hire, and parties in town or country can have their Pianofortes correctly tuned by applying, by letter,
W. M. LING, Morpeth.



Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 February 1858 (immigrant per Ohio, from Bremen, 2 October 1857) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (4 February 1858), 2 

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (1 April 1858), 2 

. . . The principal vocalists were, a lady recently arrived from Hamburg, whose name has not been made public, Miss Petman, and Madame Cranz. The lady first alluded to sang a recitative and aria from Figaro, with great effect. Her voice is sweet and melodious, of considerable power and of great compass. Her reception was most enthusiastic. We hope her first appearance before a South Australian public will not be her last . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 June 1858), 1

"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (26 June 1858), 2

"CONCERT AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (5 June 1858), 4 

LINGER, Carl Ferdinand August (1810-1862)

Professor of music, pianist, conductor, composer

Go to mainpage: 

LINK, Antonietta (Signora; Mademoiselle, Antonietta LINK, Antoinetta [sic] LINK)

Soprano vocalist

Born Konigsburg, Germany, c.1852
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 22 July 1877 (per R.M.S.S. Avoca)
Departed (1) Sydney, NSW, January 1878
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, September 1878
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 28 May 1880 (per R.M.S.S. Malwa, for Europe)
Arrived (3) Melbourne, VIC, by July 1881
Departed (3) Melbourne, VIC, 1 February 1882 (per Khedive, for Venice)
Arrived (4) Melbourne, VIC, October 1890 (per Orizba)
Departed (4) Sydney, NSW, 20 February 1893 (per Oceanic, for Auckland and San Francisco)
Died New York, ? 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Antonietta Link, 1877

Image: "SIGNORA ANTONIETTA LINK", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (1 September 1877), 88 


"ENGLISH SHIPPING-INTELLIGENCE", The Australasian (21 July 1877), 15

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1877), 2

The new prima donna, Signora Antoinetta Link, who arrived in the colony recently under engagement to Mr. W. S. Lyster, is to make her first appearance in Melbourne on Saturday night, at the Opera House, in Meyerbeer's grand opera, "Roberto il Diavolo."

[News], The Argus (28 July 1877), 7

The new prima donna Signora Antoinetta Link was occupied last night in a full rehearsal (the only one she has had since her arrival) of the grand opera "Roberto il Diavolo." She takes her place and moves upon the stage like one accustomed to be chief in the scenes in which she appears. She has fine physique and rare intelligence, she is a warm hearted actress as well as singer, and we augur most favourably of the effect she is to produce on her first public appearance to night. The case of the opera will be as follows namely - Alice, Signora Antoinetta Link; Isabella, Signora Caranti Vita; Signora Pasta will be the principal danseuese; Roberto, Signor Paladini; Rombaldo, Signor Camero; Bertramo, Signor Cesari. The orchestra and chorus are in great strength. This one rehearsal of people who havo only within the last two days been drawn together from the most distant parts was a satisfactory proof of the completeness of the organisation under Mr. Lyster's control. Knowing what can be done, we shall endeavour to keep that gentleman and his forces up to their best mark during the season which commences this evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1878), 2

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 December 1878), 35

"Signora Antonietta Link", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (5 July 1879), 9

This lady, the admirable qualities of whose voice are so well known to the music-loving public of Sydney and Melbourne, is a native of Konigsberg, in Prussia, and she pursued her musical studies in Dresden under the direction of the great Schuberth. Having here obtained the command of the German school of music, she went to Milan, where she acquired the Italian style under the professorship of the celebrated Lamperti. Her first appearance in public was in Russia in 1869, when she was only 17 years of age, and her excellence was at once recognized. She next sang in grand opera in Leipsic, afterwards in Berlin, Vienna, and in most of the leading cities in Germany and Austria, delighting her audiences, among whom have been from time to time the Emperors of Russia, Germany, and Austria. After her great successes in her native land she went to Italy, where her acquisition of the Italian method of singing enabled her to give equal pleasure to her southern auditors. Here she had the honour of singing before the late King of Italy. In July, 1877, while she was at Florence, Signora Link formed the determination to visit Australia, arriving in Melbourne in the course of that year. Her first concert decided her triumph there, and she was on every occasion received with the utmost enthusiasm. After spending a short time in the capital of Victoria she took a trip home to Konigsberg, in order to visit her parents, and returned to Melbourne in September, 1878. In compliance with a pressing invitation, she visited Sydney once or twice and sang at Herr Kretschmann's Beethoven Festival Concert, among others. While he was recently organizing his present opera company, Mr. W. S. Lyster was fortunately able to secure Signora Link as one of his prime donne, and the public have, in the present season, the opportunity of hearing this grand artist. Signora Link's voice is of great compass and of pure, rich quality. It is one of those voices which instantly arrest the attention and carry the audience with them. It is perfectly cultivated, and is of a most expressive character with all its sweetness. In such operas as 'Faust,' 'Trovatore,' 'Les Huguenots,' 'Aida,' and 'Lohengrin,' besides most of the other tragic operas which might be named, Signora Link is perfectly at home, and she adds to the beauties of her voice a style of acting which admirably heightens its effect. She can render the simple aria, the grand scena, or the love song with equal grace, power, and finish; and is not less effective in concerted pieces than in her own airs. Such is Signora Link; and we may add, with pleasure, that this genuine artist will, after a possible tour through America, probably make Australia her home. We have said little about Signora Link's power as a concert singer; but the subject is not one to be passed over in silence. Her name in a programme is a sure indication of a great feature in any concert.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (4 November 1879), 4

LINK. - On the 27th August, at Konigsberg, Prussia, Carl Edward Link, J.P., the beloved father of Signora Antonietta Link.

[News], The Argus (29 May 1880), 7

The R.M.S.S. Malwa, with the fortnightly mails from Australia and New Zealand, left the bay yesterday afternoon, at the usual hour, 1pm, for Galle, via Adelaide and King George's Sound. Among the passengers who left by the Malwa was Signora Antonietta Link, who is about to revisit Germany.

"INTERCOLONIAL NEWS [BY TELEGRAPH]", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1881), 5

The Liedertafel concert at the Exhibition building tonight [4 July] was a great event in the musical annals of the colony. About 5000 persons were present, and the hall presented a very pretty appearance, being decorated with ferns and flags. The Governor, the Marchioness of Normanby, the Princes, Admiral the Earl Clanwilliam, and a large number of officers of the squadron, and many of the leading citizens were present. The programme was well carried out. Foremost on the list of vocalists was Signora Antonietta Link, who made her reappearance after a long sojourn in private life. She was in splendid voice, and was received with great enthusiasm. Madame Boema, Mrs. Cutter, and M. Kowalski also took part.

"MELBOURNE OBSERVATORY", The Argus (2 February 1882), 4

[News], The Argus (16 October 1890), 4

Madame Antoinetta Link, who recently arrived in the Orizaba, has been engaged by the Metropolitan Liedertafel to make her first appearance at their next concert, which will take place early in November, when she will sing the part of Elsa in the first act of Wagner's opera "Lohengrin." It will be remembered that about eight years ago Madame Link created quite a sensation in Melbourne both by her singing and acting as Elsa, when "Lohengrin" was produced at the Opera house, under the direction of the late Mr. W. S. Lyster. The opera at that time had a phenomenal run of several weeks, and was the topic of conversation in musical in circles for a long time. Madame Link has come out with the intention of making a concert tour through the colonies.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA. Messiah", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (3 January 1891), 15

For the soprano music Signora Antoinetta Link was engaged. This lady, whose brilliant operatic career on her previous visit earned for her lasting fame in Australia, and who then charmed all by her performance in 'Messiah,' repeated the effect on both occasions, and, although as Elsa, Marguerite, Aida, Adelia, and other operatic heroines she is more at home, the beautiful voice and the true expression with the sympathetic temperament made the quartet of recitatives, "Come unto me," and "I know that my Redeemer liveth," most valuable contributions and assured all that the artist has in no way diminished the vocal powers which won Australian hearts a decade ago. Madame Link on her passage out had an awkward accident through falling against a rail during a heavy sea, and the shock to the nervous system has been great; but the recovery is nearly complete.

"Maritime Miscellany", Evening News (18 February 1893), 5

[News], Evening News (13 November 1894), 4

It will interest the numerous Sydney friends of that charming artiste, Madame Antoinetta Link, to learn that on Wednesday, August 29, she was married in New York, U.S.A., to Mr. William A. Harney, of Brooklyn, N.Y..

"LEONARD v. HARNEY" [July 1901], Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department.·63 App. Div. 294 (N.Y. App. Div. 1901)

The insured [William A. Harney] was married at the time of the issuance of the policy, but his wife died in July, 1893. He married the plaintiff in August, 1894, and died in November, 1898. He left a last will, dated December 18, 1894, in which he bequeathed to his wife, Antoinetta Harney, the plaintiff, the policy in question, subject to the rights of one Jaquith under an assignment . . . We are of opinion . . . that a final judgment should be ordered for the plaintiff.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Brisbane Courier (31 August 1901), 9

Signora Antoinetta Link, who was well known to Sydney audiences some years ago as an accomplished operatic soprano, recently committed suicide (through want) in New York. Signora Link first visited Australia in 1878 with an operatic company. Later, she taught here for a few years, leaving for America in 1893. She married there, a year later, a Mr. William Harney.

"HENRY W. LEONARD, as Executor of ANTOINETTA HARNEY, Deceased, v. WILLIAM H. HARNEY, Appellant . . .", in Edwin A. Bedell, Report of cases decided in the Court of Appeals of the State of New York . . . Volume 178 (Albany: J. B. Lyon, 1903) 352-55 

"Pioneering Days. EARLY REMINISCENCES. By GEO. EVERARD ... PART XIV", The Horsham Times (20 February 1914), 7 

1879 ... we took the train for Adelaide ... The nights were passed at the Theatre Royal, Wagner's "Lohengrin" being performed, Madame Antionette Link being the star singer ...

Associated musical works:

List! the birds are singing (song . . . by Franz Abt; words by Edward Oxenford; dedicated to Signora Antonietta Link . . . composed expressly for Nicholson and Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson and Ascherberg, [1878])


Teacher of pianforte and singing

Born c. 1829; son of George LINLEY (1797-1865) and Violet GILCHRIST
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 January 1854 (per Sammarang, from London, 14 October 1853)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 September 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Miscellaneous Shipping", Colonial Times (24 January 1854), 1 supplement 

THE Dalhousie, a ship bound for Australia, commanded by Captain Butterworth, was lost in the channel off Beachy Head, on the 18th Oct. . . . A considerable number of passengers were to have joined the Dalhousie at Plymouth. The following singular story is told in connection with this sad event. A son of George Linley, the composer, has had a narrow escape. He had fixed on the Dalhousie to take his passage for Sydney, but his mother having taken a prejudice to that ship, she urged him so fervently to give up his desire of going in her that, at the last moment only, he consented. She visited the Dalhousie three times with her son, hoping to overcome her superstitious feelings. On the occasion of her last visit a gentleman, signing papers in the cabin, seeing her hesitation, said, "Madam, this is n first-rate ship, I have £40,000 on board, and rest assured I must think well of the Dalhousie before I would trust so much in her." Much more he argued to persuade her; but Mrs. Linley left, and immediately went to the Samarang, and there secured a berth for her son.

"Shipping Intelligence", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (28 January 1854), 2 

January 27. - Samarang, ship, 582 tons, McDonald, from London 14th October. Passengers . . . Messrs. Adolphe Louedin, and James Linley, and 39 in the steerage.

ASSOCIATIONS: Adolphus Louedin

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1854), 3 

MUSIC - Mr. J. LINLEY (son of George Linley, the Composer), having arrived from London, per ship Samarang, wishes to instruct a few pupils on the pianoforte and singing, at their own residences, on moderate terms. Apply to WOOLCOTT and CLARKE, 555, George-street.

"DIED", Empire (7 September 1854), 4 

At his Rooms, Bridge-street, on the 6th instant, Mr. James Linley, late of H. M. Customs (son of - Linley, Esq., the celebrated composer,) aged 25 years.

LINN, Peter


Active Launceston, TAS, by 1856


"MUSICAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 January 1856), 5

We are given to understand that the Tasmanian Band, under the superintendence of Mr. P. Linn, (late of the Bavarian band) is making most satisfactory progress. On Tuesday evening last, the band played some choice airs on the Church Green, in a style it is stated which gave them a great deal of credit. We hope ere long to see all local talent, whether amateur or professional, fully encouraged.

"ETHIOPIAN ENTERTAINMENT", Launceston Examiner (24 October 1861), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 May 1863), 4


Choirmaster, vocalist

Born London, 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1841 (per William Turner)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 July 1894, aged 71


"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1843), 2

"DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1845), 2

"JEWISH SYNAGOGUE", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 May 1845), 2

We understand that the choir of the Synagogue is in rehearsal, previous to the consecration, under the able tuition of Mr. F. Howson sen., to be led and conducted by Mr. Lipman, lately from Sydney, whose talent in the Hebrew tongue is universally acknowledged by the members of that persuasion, and we doubt not that the effect will be very imposing.

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (18 June 1845), 4

? "MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1846), 2

Some songs were also sung in a masterly style by Mr. Lipman, Mr. Kirkwood, and Mr. Haynes.

"UTTERING A FORGERY", The Maitland Mercury (26 September 1846), 4

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1847), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1894), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Colin Choat, "Lipman, Lewis (1823-1894)", Obituaries Australia


Musician, violinist

Born Germany ? 1833/1843

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1857(per Broughton Hall, from Liverpool
Active Victoria, 1866
Died Chewton, VIC, 6 November 1905


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (7 July 1864), 3 

The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 259

"CHEWTON BOROUGH COUNCIL", Bendigo Advertiser (2 March 1883), 3

"MINING ACCIDENT AT CHEWTON", The Argus (31 October 1891), 11

"IN MEMORIAM", Leader (10 November 1906), 44 

Bibliography and resources:

Ray Meyer, "Die Wandermusikanten von Salzgitter (the wandering musicians of Salzgitter)", Ancestor: quarterly journal of the Genealogical Society of Victoria (Autumn 1991), 4-5


Music seller and general retailer

Born c. 1811
Active Maitland, NSW, by 1843
Died Maitland, NSW, 7 July 1873, in the 63rd year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In May 1847, the Maitland "bookseller and druggist" William Lipscomb was selling: "Nicholson's Flute Preceptor, Davidson's Accordion Preceptor, West's Singing Preceptor, Jousse's Violin Preceptor."


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (7 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1845), 3

To the Professors of the Violin of the Hunter river District. GENTLEMEN. Having heard that many of you have been venting execrations on my organs of vision, for selling you inferior Violin Strings, and that others have hung up their instruments in despair, I do not wonder at it, although I deeply regret the occurrence; for now they are all sold I will candidly admit that they were as rascally a lot as ever came into the colony. But most of you are aware that no better could be procured in Sydney. I am happy now to inform you that I have just received from England a fresh supply of a superior description. Those I have already sold have been highly approved of. Among others they have met with the approbation of three Scotch gentlemen, who are generally known to be very reserved and cautious in giving praise, but as ready to kick up a row as eat a meal should anything offend them. I am, Gentlemen, Your obedient servant, W. LIPSCOMB. P.S. I have just heard that several bagpipes have been engaged for the booths on the race- course. It is my opinion that if half-a-dozen of the players were allowed to enter the regions below with their instruments, the devil himself would evacuate his dominions. Of course the same number would rout a whole army of fiddlers. I would therefore advise the latter to be prepared for the occasion, and have good strings to their instruments. W. L.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (10 October 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 May 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 May 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (17 May 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1850), 3

ENGLISH AND ROMAN VIOLIN STRINGS. W. L. begs to draw the attention of those jolly fiddlers, or, more correctly speaking, the professional gentlemen engaged, to perform each week in the iron bark bowers on the Race-course, to the above assortment of Strings. He need not remind them how plenty of tone suits out-of-door amateurs, or those who have made up their minds to enjoy themselves by welting the floor for an hour or two, and these strings will stand rasping away upon in glorious style. A friend of mine, who had tried them, told me they were strong enough to tether a donkey.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (12 July 1873), 1 

LISSIGNOL, Eugène Adolphe

Violinist, harpist, composer, fencer, diplomat, translator, natural historian

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859-70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


FAREWELL BANQUET TO THE FRENCH CONSUL (Illustrated Melbourne News, 25 July 1862): Lissignol, seated at table, fourth from left


A "pupil of Thalberg and Lefebure-Wely, recently arrived from Europe", Lissignol advertised his first Melbourne concert in January 1859. After appearing in several other concerts in his first months, he then took to giving fencing displays on stage, and his professional musical activities seem thereafter to have ceased, though he continued to participate as an amateur (for instance, playing harp in the orchestra for a Musical Union concert in May 1861).

By November 1863, he was employed in the chancellery of the French Consulate, though in May 1864 "Eugene Lissignol, of Melbourne, tobacco manufacturer and commission agent" was newly insolvent. As secretary of the consulate, in 1866, in association with the Intercolonial Exhibition, he published French translations on books by Ferdinand von Mueller (Notes sur la végétation indigène et introduite de l'Australie) and William Henry Archer (Progrès de Victoria, depuis 1835, jusqu'a 1866). In April 1868, the University of Melbourne awarded him degree ad eundum of Bachelor of Arts, along with such other notable figures as J. H. Plunkett, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney, and the Chief Justice of Victoria.

Lissignol was unanimously elected secretary the Acclimatisation Society of Victoria in October 1868, and served on the committees of other horticultural and agricultural societies. In 1869 he was also Superintendent of Royal Park, where however his officious behaviour brought him into dispute with Mr. Oldfield, a City Councillor, in August when:

... one of the young gentlemen who was playing in a football match in the park, to put on this coat and leave the ground, otherwise he should have handcuffs put on him" which was very insulting. Mr. Lissignol was not particular as to whom he insulted, for not long since he had him (Councillor Oldfield) under his finger (laughter) because he happened to be exercising a horse on private land which was not part of the park. If he insulted persons who were on private land, it was not surprising that he should have insulted the football club.

Finally, in May 1870, according to the Argus:

A report which was circulated on Saturday to the effect that M. Lissignol, late secretary of the Acclimatisation Society, who was about to sail by the mail to Bombay, where he had been appointed as French vice-consul, was on the eve of being arrested for embezzlement, caused no little excitement and consternation in Melbourne especially amongst the French residents. The report was found to be true, a warrant having been issued for his arrest on a charge of converting to his own use a cheque for £100 entrusted to him for payment into the bank ...

However, according to a later report: "The B. M. S. Avoca sailed punctually ... The matter was settled, and Lissignol was discharged barely in time to catch the mail." The court's resolution of the matter was not without its critics in the press, and "LISSIGNOL'S DEFALCATIONS" were discussed on the floor of parliament in June, it being concluded however that there "were no materials on which the Government could proceed against the person who had got away from the country."


[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1859), 8

"MR LISSIGNOL'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 January 1859), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1859), 8

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (20 April 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 May 1859), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 June 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (25 June 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (18 November 1863), 4

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Star (30 May 1864), 3


"UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE", The Argus (20 April 1868), 6

"NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (9 October 1868), 2

"THE GAZETTE", The Argus (22 March 1869), 5

"CITY COUNCIL", The Argus (31 August 1869), 1

[News], The Argus (23 May 1870), 4

"MELBOURNE", The Maitland Mercury (26 May 1870), 2

"VICTORIA", South Australian Register (30 May 1870), 5

"PARLIAMENT", The Argus (9 June 1870), 6

"THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (18 June 1870), 105

Musical works:

Giralda (Spanish dance for the piano forte) (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Leigh Lithogrs., 1859) 

See also MS copy (dated 1859): 

Waltz "Toorak ("First time of performance") [April 1859]

Grand trio, "The huguenots" (Meyerbeer) (Arranged for the Pianoforte, Harmonium, and Violin by Mons. Lissignol) (June 1859)

Other references:

"PROCÈS-VERBAUX", Bulletin de la Sociétéimpériale zoologique d'acclimatation 7 (1870), 615

"KNIGHTS TEMPLAR", The Freemasons' quarterly (28 January 1871), 79

LITHGOW, Alex (1870-1929)

Musician, bandmaster, composer (NLA persistent identifier)


LITOLFF, Francis (senior)

Pianist, band leader (Victoria Quadrille Band), music-seller (Litolff and Glen), piano tuner (formerly eight years with Messrs. Blackwood), composer

Born c. 1804
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857
Died Richmond, VIC, 25 April 1886, in his 83rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Letters List", The Argus (23 September 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 September 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1859), 6

"Deaths", The Argus (26 April 1886), 1

Musical Works:

The Curaçoa polka (F. Litolff; Musical souvenir of the first visit to Melbourne of H. M. S. S. Curaçoa, Commodore Sir William Wiseman, September, 1864) (Melbourne: R. J. Paling, 1864) 

The comet galop (composed expressly), in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 February 1865) 


Pianist, piano tuner

Active VIC, 1861


[News], Gippsland Times (23 October 1861), 2

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (6 November 1861), 3

"THATCHER", Gippsland Times (22 November 1861), 3

Associations: pianist to Charles Thatcher


Welsh harper, harpist

LLOYD, Mr. and Mrs.

Teachers of dancing, dance-hall proprietors

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


[2 advertisements], The Argus (28 November 1856), 8 

GUILDHALL, Swanston-street. - Mr. Lloyd's Assembly. This Evening. Dancing commences Half-past Eight o'clock precisely.

DANCING.- Original Varsoviana, Mazourka Polka, Redowa, &c., Taught by Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd, Guildhall

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1856), 8 


Amateur organist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1872


"ORGAN CONTEST AT THE EXHIBITION BUILDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1872), 3

... Mr. Lloyd, who followed, entered under peculiar circumstances. He confessed to not being able to read music at all, and declined playing any of the six pieces. His manipulation of the keyboard was, however, remarkable, considering he kept the coupler out, and he gave evidence of great musical powers entirely undeveloped. His selected piece was a marvel in its way. Commencing with the "March in Athalie," it went off at a tangent into "Pilgrims of the Night," and ultimately lost itself in a pleasing compound of the "Olia Podrida" character.

LLOYD, Edwin

Professor of Piano, Organ, and Singing, choirmaster, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1889
Departed Brisbane, QLD, mid 1901
Died Natal, South Africa, 28 January 1903


"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (7 December 1889), 4

We have received for review Beneath Australian Skies, a cantata with scenic effects. It is a local production, for which Messrs H. A. Corbet and E. Lloyd are responsible as librettist and composer respectively. From a preface to the work it appears that their idea was to arrange a series of tableaux, musically illustrated, representing "some of the various shades of thought that are produced by the contemplation of Australia as a settlement that will be a nation in the future." The originality which Messrs. Corbet and Lloyd claim for their work cannot be disputed, and we sincerely hope that it will not be imitated, for both words and music are remarkable for their want of interest.

"Our Ballarat Letter", Camperdown Chronicle (7 January 1890), 2

"MUSICAL ECHOES", The Brisbane Courier (14 October 1890), 7

"OUR BALLARAT LETTER", Camperdown Chronicle (11 December 1890), 3

 "Music. Musical Echoes", The Queenslander (3 January 1891), 19

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (18 March 1891), 2

"BENEFIT TO MR. EDWIN LLOYD", The Brisbane Courier (19 July 1900), 4

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 July 1900), 6

"BENEFIT CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (9 May 1901), 6

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (2 March 1903), 5

Mr. Edwin Lloyd, who was a professional musician for many years in Brisbane, and organist of St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, died at Addington Hospital, Durban, Natal, on the 28th January, from acute pneumonia. The deceased gentleman bad been nearly three years in Natal, and held the position of accountant in the firm of M'Ilwaine and Company, Field-street, Durban, and he was organist of the Berea Presbyterian Church, Durban ...

"WEDDING", The Brisbane Courier (31 May 1909), 7 

LLOYD, Henry

Violinist, photographer

Born c.1832/3
Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1868
Died Melbourne, VIC, April 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Active as a violinist in Castlemaine since the late 1860s, Henry Lloyd moved to Melbourne in mid 1895. From his residence at 45A High Street, West Prahran, he worked as a photographer for several years. While living there he made and inscribed with his name and address the later of the two surviving copies of Maria Logan's 1836 arrangement A song of the Aborigines of Van Diemen's Land (


"THE HOWSON CONCERT", Mount Alexander Mail (28 October 1868), 2 

"CONCERT AND READINGS", Mount Alexander Mail (22 July 1870), 2 

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Mount Alexander Mail (23 June 1871), 2 

"JUVENILE BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (28 August 1880), 3 

"THEATRE ROYAL", Mount Alexander Mail (19 April 1881), 2 

"VOLUNTEER BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (28 December 1883), 2 

"THE MILITARY BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (9 October 1885), 2 

"THE REV. A. McCULLY'S RECITALS", Mount Alexander Mail (1 July 1886), 2 

"THEATRE ROYAL", Mount Alexander Mail (4 April 1888), 3 

"THE CASTLEMAINE ORCHESTRA", Mount Alexander Mail (26 January 1893), 2 

"CONCERT AT WESLEY HILL", Mount Alexander Mail (20 June 1895), 2 

"CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (31 August 1895), 40 

"CASTLEMAINE", The Argus (14 April 1910), 9 

An old resident of Wesley Hill, Mr. H. Lloyd, died in the Benevolent Asylum on Wednesday, at the age of 78 years. In the early days deceased was the leading violinist of the district.

LOCH, John Dickson (John D. LOCH)

Amateur musician, editor of collections of sacred music

Born Northumberland, England, 18 July 1805
Arrived VDL (TAS), by 1838
Died South Yarra, VIC, 5 August 1876, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Deaths", The Argus (8 August 1876), 1 


A collection of psalms and tunes for the morning and evening service of each Sunday in the year and each day in the month, arranged for the use of St. George's Church, Hobart Town (Hobart: Elliston, 1843) 

[Preface] The Congregation is indebted to John D. Loch, Esq., for the selection and arrangement of the Music ... The following Collection of Psalms and Music is presented to the Congregation of St. George's, Hobart Town, as a testimony of affectionate interest in their spiritual welfare, and in the hope that it may aid those to whom the Lord hath given "the voice of melody," (Isaiah 51, 3) in employing it to His glory, by singing His praise in the congregation. It is also hoped that it may be useful to parents for the instruction of their children in Sacred Music, and enable families to make the singing of Psalms a part of domestic worship (Matt. 26, 30) and a preparation for the public service.

See also: 


John Dickson Loch, Information in regard to Adelaide and South Australia, 1838 by John Dickson Loch; MS A 2755; State Library of New South Wales 

In his daughter's marriage notice of 1845, Loch was described as "aide-de-camp to the late King of Oude"; he had arrived in South Australia in 1838, from India, where he had served as a British army officer.


Amateur musician

Born 8 March 1811
Alfred died WA, 23 April 1887
Charles died Perth, 22 November 1893, aged 82


Amateur musician (NLA persistent identifier)

LOCHÉE, Alfred, junior (LOCHEE)

Amateur musician


Alfred Lochee and his identical twin brother Francis were both musical. Francis married James Purkis's youngest daughter Emma in 1846. One or other of the Lochees is probably the author of most of the musical commentary in the Inquirer, as notably the review of the sacred concert in May 1845.


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

"MARRIED", Inquirer (2 September 1846), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

"DEATH OF MR. ALFRED LOCHEE", The Daily News (23 April 1887), 3

"OUR JUBILEE", The Inquirer (6 August 1890), 3

"Death", The West Australian (24 November 1893), 4

"DEATH OF MR. LOCHEE", The Inquirer (24 November 1893), 14

"DEATH OF MR. FRANCIS LOCHEE J.P.", The West Australian (24 November 1893), 5

"AFTER MANY YEARS", The West Australian (25 July 1919), 8

"RECOLLECTIONS", The West Australian (19 October 1935), 7 


Bandsman (H.M.S. Carysfort)

Visiting Sydney, NSW, August 1845


"FLEECING NEPTUNE'S MUSICIANS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1846), 2

LOCKEY, William

Singer, busker, itinerant musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845


"AN AMATEUR SINGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1845), 4

A miserable looking object, who appeared as if he had neither washed   nor shaved for the last twelve months, and who gave his name William Lockey, was charged with lying down drunk in the streets. The prisoner had become a perfect nuisance in the town, singing songs for halfpence, and collecting crowds of idle boys and loungers round him, and as it appeared that he slept every night m the bush, and had no legitimate way of getting a livelihood, he was sent to gaol for one month.

LODER, George (1816-1868)

LODER, Emma (Miss Emma NEVILLE)

Go to mainpage:

LODER, Alfred

Vocalist, pianist

Born Bath, England; baptised 7 July 1824 (son of George Loder senior, brother of George LODER below)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, November 1852 (per Magnolia, from New York)
Died Prahran, VIC, 13 February 1853

LODER, Charlotte (LAWRY; Mrs. Alfred LODER)

Vocalist, pianist

Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


George Loder's younger brother Alfred arrived in Victoria, either from or perhaps only via New York, late in 1852, and died in Prahran in February 1853. Later that year, the widowed Charlotte Loder briefly appeared as vocalist for the Melbourne entertainments of the recently arrived comedian Alfred Phillips, pending his wife's joining him in the colonies (which she did the following year).


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Bathwick in the county of Somerset in the year 1824, page 102

No. 809 / 1824 July 7th / Alfred Son of / George & Frances Loder, Bathwick Street, Professor of Music

1850 Marriages solemnized at Pierrepont-place [Catholic] Chapel in the District of Bath in the county of Somerset

No. 33 / [21] November 1850 / Alfred Loder / 26 years [sic] / bachelor / merchant / 13 Milson Street / [son of] George Loder, Musician
[to] Charlotte Lawly / 23 years / spinster / milliner / [daughter of] Joseph Lawly, Clockmaker ...

[News], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (26 November 1852), 1 supplement 

On the Magnolia and the popularity of with British emigrants, out of London and Liverpool, of the newly opened New York route to Melbourne.

"DIED", The Argus (14 February 1853), 4 

On the 13th instant, at Prahran, Mr. Alfred Loder, aged 27 [? 21, sic], formerly of Bath, England, passenger by the Magnolia, from New York. Friends will please meet at the Princes Bridge, this evening, at four o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1853), 1 

MRS ALFRED LODER, late of New York; your cousin, Mrs. Varley (late Louisa Distin) would wish to hear from you; write, 490 1/2, George-street, Sydney.

See Louisa VARLEY; the return address was Henry Marsh's music warehouse, where Louisa's husband, Nugent Varley, manager of Winterbottom's band, had his office

[Advertisements], The Argus (5 August 1853), 3 

[5 advertisements], The Argus (8 August 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - Alfred Phillips' Entertainment, entitled "Our Native Land." New songs, new vocalist, and splendid diorama.

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - First appearance of Mrs. Loder, who will sing, in the course of Alfred Phillips' Enterainment, popular Irish and Scottish Melodies.

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - first appearance since his return to Melbourne, of the eminent Pianiste, Mr. Salamons.

... Tickets for Alfred Phillips' Entertainment may be had of Mr. Jacobs, Victoria-Bazaar, Collins-street, and of Mr. Peck, Music Warehouse, Swanston-street.

"SANDRIDGE", The Banner (26 August 1853), 7 

The inhabitants of this rapidly improving port were again, on Wednesday, favoured by a visit of the admired delineator of Irish character, Mr. Phillips, accompanted by Mrs. Loder. Both were received with loud applause, and encored in many of the well-selected songs which accompanied each description. Mrs. Loder's benefit took place last night, and, although we were unable to attend we trust that the audience was more numerous than on the last occasion, and we also trust that a good company awaits Mr. Phillips' benefit, which he has announced for this evening.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", The Banner (30 September 1853), 7 

A Musical Entertainment, entitled "Erin go Bragh," was given on Tuesday evening, at the splendid building which Mr. McLelland has erected in Prahran as an hotel, by Mr. Alfred Philips, assisted by the charming vocalist, Mrs. Loder. The music was well selected, and very much applauded, Mr. Philip's Irish anecdotes, and excellent brogue, kept the audience in continued laughter. The pianoforte accompaniments by Mrs. Loder, were very well executed; and altogether the entertainment gave general satisfaction ...

LOGAN, Maria (Maria ELLARD; Mary ELLARD; Mrs. C. D. LOGAN; Maria LOGAN)

LOGAN, Charles David (Mr. C. D. LOGAN)

Go to mainpage:


Professor of music, languages and accomplishments, composer, convicted forger

Born France, 1816
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855; until 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1855) 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1856), 1

NEW MUSIC. Composition by Monsieur de Lolle, on SALE at Mr. SANDON'S house, George-street.



"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1858), 3

"POLICE GLEANINGS", Bell's Life in Sydney (15 April 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 4

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1872), 2

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT [Sydney]", The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1872), 5

Emile de Lolle was found guilty of forging and uttering, and was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years.

"Return of prisoners discahrged free since last publication", New South Wales Police Gazette (14 June 1874), 181

[Gaol] Port Macquarie / [Name] Emile De Lolle / [Offence] Forgery / [Sentence] 2 years hard labour / [Tried] 13 Aug., 1872, Sydney Q.S. / [Native place] France / [Trade] Teacher / [Year of Birth] 1816 / [Height] 5 ft. 5 1/2 ins. / [complexion] fair / [hair] white / [eye] grey / . . . / [ship] Constance

Bibliography and resources:

LOMAX, Benjamin

Singing class instructor (tonic sol-fa), author, lecturer

Born London, England, 1833; baptised St. Dunstan, Stepney, 28 June 1833
Arrived Australia, 1852
Active Wangaratta, VIC, 1864
Departed Australia, 1870
Died London, England, 7 April 1917 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"WANGARATTA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 August 1864), 3

WANGARATTA. From our own Correspondent. August 29th. Wangaratta is again striving to be musical. A class in connection with the Tonic Sol Fa Association has commenced operations in the old Court House under the direction of Mr. Lomax. In obedience to the laws of the parent Society, no charge is made for instruction, but all expenses are defrayed by a trifling subscription. The leader, who appears very hopeful of the result, has collected a large and respectable class, and has certainly managed to inspire them with the utmost confidence in his system, which, according to its supporters, offers the easiest, the cheapest, and the most correct musical code extant.

[News] Australian Town and Country Journal (30 March 1872), 6 

Some recent squabbles at Sandridge have ended in a Supreme Court case. It appears that in November 1868 two of the parents of female children attending the school told Mr. Platts, the incumbent of Trinity Church, that those children had complained that Mr. Benjamin Lomax, then head master, had taken indecent liberties with them.

"PERSONAL", The Journal (15 June 1917), 2 

Mr. Benjamin Lomax, who was well known in literary and scientific circles in the South of England, and was for some years curator of the Brighton Museum, died at his residence, Park Crescent, London, on April 7. Born in London in 1833, and educated at Hoddesden College, he entered the engineering profession, and in 1852 came to Australia prospecting. Afterwards he travelled extensively, and in 1870 returned to England, and settled at Brighton. He was a popular lecturer on a variety of subjects, especially natural history.

Literary works:

Bells and bellringers by Benjamin Lomax (London: H. J. Infield, 1879) 


Professor of the Flute (German and patent Boehm, pupil of Eugene Walckiers), teacher of French, importer, draper, music seller

Born France, c. 1820
Active Adelaide, SA, by April 1850; Sydney, NSW, 1850, until after April 1854
Disappeared c. 1855
? Died Crusoe Gully, VIC, 13 February 1884, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Jean Francois Lonchamp married Clara Mary Vassal on 27 April 1850, at the residence of the Rev'd D. J. Draper, Gawler Place, Adelaide (Australian marriage index)., and on 30 April the couple sailed for Port Phillip on the Rajah. They then sailed from there for Sydney on the Diana, arriving on 23 May.

A pupil of Eugène Walckiers (1793-1866), Lonchamp is first on record as playing in public in Sydney in late 1850, on a Boehm flute playing music by Jean Louis Tulou (1786-1865). He was an associate of the Marsh brothers, and advertised for sale a formidable range of printed music. As a child, James Walker was one of his flute pupils.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1850), 1 

MUSIC. M. LONCHAMP, Professor of the Flute, pupil of Eugene Walckiers. (the first master and composer in France) begs to inform the Gentlemen of Sydney that he will give lessons on the German and patent Boehm Flute. The latter instrument is of a superior construction, and the first introduced to the colony. N.B. - M. Lonchamp can supply his pupils with good instruments of the above description, if requisite. For terms apply at Mr. MARSH'S Office, Jamison-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 September 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1850), 3

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", Empire (16 May 1851), 2

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1852), 1 

TO AMATEURS OF MUSIC. THE undersigned begs to announce to his friends and the public in general, that he has been appointed agent by Mr. STEPHEN MARSH, to sell the most select assortment of Music (vocal and instrumental) viz: - ballads, songs, polkas, quadrilles, waltzes, &c, &c, &c, of the most recent date. He also has for sale the most extensive selection of Music for the Flute and other instruments ever imported in this colony. At the same time the undersigned begs to intimate to his friends that he continue to give private lessons on the Flute. For terms apply to F. LONCHAMP, 278, Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1853), 1s

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1854), 5

NOTICE to the PUBLIC - All outstanding Debts due to Mr. JEAN FRANCOIS LONCHAMP, late of Pitt street, Linen Draper, are to be paid to Mr. J. H. NIXON, of O'Connell-street, Sydney, whose receipt only will be sufficient. Dated this 9th day of June, A.D. 1854. J. F. LONCHAMP.

"MYSTERIOUS CASE - SUSPECTED MURDER AND ROBBERY", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 October 1855), 3 

We copy the following statement relating to Mr. Longchamp, a gentleman well known in Sydney, from a New York paper of 4th July. The case was still under investigation in the Mayor's Court, before Judge Osborne; and was creating considerable interest. Underneath are the facts, so far as they have transpired: -

On Sunday afternoon, 1st July, a gentleman called, at the chief's office and had an interview with one of the chief's officers; at the same time showing the officer an advertisement offering a harp and choice lot of music for sale at No 75 Nassau-street. It appears by his statement that he was the attorney of a lady named Madame Clara Mary Longchamp, and that a friend of the lady called at No. 75 Nassau-street, for the purpose of purchasing the articles of Otto Anderson, the proprietor of the place, and who claimed to be the owner of the same. The property consisted of the harp, a large quantity of books, music, flutes, clothing, linen, and other articles. While examining the articles, the gentleman who intended purchasing the articles for seventy-five dollars discovered the name of Mr. Longchamp, the husband of the above-named lady, written on a portfolio; and he knowing from the wife that she was apprehensive that something wrong had happened to her husband, told Anderson that he knew the wife of the owner of them, and enquired where he procured the articles. He stated that had purchased them from a Captain Lawson, and had advanced money on them. He then informed Madame Longchamp, and together they visited the place, when she immediately recognised the harp as being her property ...

Captain Lawson was sent for to Boston, and voluntarily came to this city with the officers. On the arrival of Captain Lawson he ... informed Judge Osborne that Mr. Longchamp was a passenger with him on his vessel from the Sandwich Islands, and had requested him to ship the goods to Boston, to remain in store till he arrived in this country, but that he (the Captain) being short of funds had concluded to sell the property, to pay some 125 dollars charges due on them, which he had advanced ... ...

The wife of Mr. Longchamp, who was present at the examination, stated that her husband was a merchant in Sydney, where he resided for five years, but concluded to sell out and come to New York, and that she went to Adelaide, Australia, to endeavor to persuade her daughter to accompany them, who would not consent to do so. She then took passage from thence to Now York - her husband promising to meet her here in December last. She had no tidings of him since that time, and is fearful that some wrong has happened to him, and now finding this property under suspicious circumstances tends the more to increase her alarm. The case is still under investigation ...

? "OUR RESERVOIRS (To the Editor ...)", Bendigo Advertiser (11 February 1878), 3 

... I remain, yours, etc. JEAN LONCHAMP, Miner, Crusoe Gully, 8th February.

? "SUDDEN DEATH OF AN OLD RESIDENT", Bendigo Advertiser (14 February 1884), 3 

Last evening, a man named Jean Longchamp, sixty-five years old, died suddenly at his hut in Crusoe Gully. The deceased, who was a French man by birth, was spoken of as a man of superior attainments, but he was unfortunately somewhat intemperate in his habits. Some few years back when the agitation in regard to the pollution of the Crusoe reservoir, by buried offal, was going on, Longchamp wrote several letters to this journal ... The deceased was a very old resident of Crusoe, having arrived there in the year 1858. He was for a time in business in Sandhurst, but eventually returned to Crusoe, whore he lived up to the time of his death. He also contributed to the press letters of some interest upon political subjects. Cricketers will doubtless be familiar with Longchamp, who often took the scoring book in hand on behalf of one of the teams, most frequently in connection with matches played on Allen's Crusoe Cricket ground. Deceased was 65 years of age at the time of his death, and so far as is known left no relations in the colony ...

"A GRAND OLD MUSICIAN", The Brisbane Courier (16 March 1926), 11


Musician, leader of the band

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1859


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 April 1859), 2 

TELEGRAPH ASSEMBLY ROOMS ... Leader of the Band Herr Londervick ...



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), March 1834


At John Philip Deane's oratorio in Hobart in March 1834, Sophia Letitia Davis's "best performance was Let the bright Seraphim, with trumpet obligato performance of Mr. Long". This was apparently the first unequivocal reference to a performance on a trumpet in Australia. Long was perhaps most likely a member of the Band of the 21st Regiment.


 [Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (7 March 1834), 3

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (18 March 1834), 5 

... Mrs. Davis's best performance was "Let the bright Seraphim," and the trumpet obligato by Mr. Long, was correctly and tastefully performed ...

"Extracts FROM THE COLONIAL JOURNALS", Trumpeter General (21 March 1834), 2

"Domestic Intelligence", The Hobart Town Magazine 3 (1834), 53

LONGDEN, Agostina (Agostina Anna Albertini ARNATI; Augustina; Augusta; Mrs. James Messer SIMMONS; Mrs. Duncan LONGDEN)

Pianist, piano and music teacher (pupil of Robert Barnett)

Born Winchester, England, 16 October 1833; baptised St. Swithun over Kingsgate, Winchester, 21 November 1833; daughter of Nicomede ARNATI (d. 1845) and Ann CANT (d. 1849)
Married (1) John Messer SIMMONS (d. 1855), St. Marylebone, London, 28 April 1853
Arrived VIC, ? c. mid 1850s
Married (2) Duncan LONGDEN (1826-1904), ? England or VIC, c. 1854
Died Geelong, VIC, 24 May 1920 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


She was a daugher of Nicomede Arnati, a professor of languages and teacher at Winchester College at the time of her birth, and his wife Ann Cant.

Her eldest sister Rosalia (1823-1909), was a talented concert pianist, who, as Miss Arnati and Mademoiselle Arnati, was also active in the mid 1840s as a teacher of music and languages. She married James Collins in London in 1846, and thereafter advertised as Madame Arnati Collins.

Another older sister, Emilia (1832-1915) married a musician, Thomas White (1832-1889) in 1852, and shortly afterward emigrated to Victoria, where, from 1853 to 1858, as Madame Arnati White, she pursued as professional career as a vocalist, before settling in NZ in the early 1860s.

Agostina, aged 17, was a teaching assistant at her school in Cornwall at the time of the 1851 census. In London in 1853, she married a Cornish law student, John Messer Simmons, but the marriage must have been dissolved soon after, and he died two years later, on 12 May 1855.

Possibly as early as 1854, she emigated to Victoria, and either soon before or soon after married Duncan Longden (1826-1904), who in mid 1855 was mining on the Victorian goldfields. The birth of their first child was registered in Richmond, Melbourne, in 1856 (probably not, as his baptism record states, born 21 January 1855, but correctly that date in 1856). By 1859 the family had settled at Wallington, near Geelong.

By mid 1864 she was teaching music at a girls' school in Geelong, and during the 1870s and 1880s is regularly documented as a piano teacher and performer.


"WINCHESTER. SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 2, 1845", Hampshire Chronicle [Winchester, England] (2 August 1845), 1

A concert, combinind considerable vocal and instrumental talent, it is understood, will be given at St. John's Rooms, by Miss Arnati, the latter end of this month, or the beginning of September, when a younger sister and pupil, Miss Augutsina Arnati, will make her debut as a pianiste.

England census, 30 March 1851, Madron, Cornwall; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1918 

1 South Parade / Isabella Hayden / 22 / School Assistant . . .
Agostina Arnati / 17 / [School Assistant] / [born] Hamp. Winchester
Mary Ann Simmons / 16 / Pupil at School [born] Cornwall, Gwennap . . .

1853, marriage solemnized in the parish church in the parish of St. Marylebone . . .; London Metropolitan Archives

491 / 28th April 1853 / John Messer Simmons / of full age / Bachelor / Law student / St. Mary le bone / [father] Thomas Simmons / gent
Agostina Anna Albertini Arnati / Minor / Spinster / - / [St. Mary le bone] / Nicomede Albertini / Professor of Languages . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (16 July 1867), 2 

The concert and reading of Wednesday next cannot but be crowned with success . . . We are glad to see in the programme one of Beethoven's immortal Sonatas, to be played by a lady, who, under the able tuition of Robert Barnett, learned how this music was intended to be played. Mrs. Longden, so well known in certain musical circles as having a thorough command of the instrument, will afford a Geelong audience an opportunity of hearing and judging for themselves.

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 May 1920), 1 

LONGDEN - On the 23rd May 1920, at her residece 51 Myers street, Geelong, Agostina A., widow of the late Captain Duncan Longden, aged 86 years. (Privately interred Eastern Cemetery, Geelong, on 24th inst.)

"LATE MRS. A. A. LONGDON", Geelong Advertiser (29 May 1920), 4 

The funeral of the late Mrs. Augustina A. Longden, a well known and highly respected resident of Myers-st., Geelong, took place privately on Monday, May 24th, 1920, her remains being interred in the Church of England portion of the Eastern Cemetery, Geelong. The deceased lady was the wife of the late Captain Duncan Longden, and daughter of the late Count Arnati, Professor of Languages, coming to Australia with her parents in 1852 [sic], the deceased soon after settled in Geelong, where she remained a resident up to the time of her death. The funeral was of a private nature, only relatives and nearest friends attending. The deceased leaves four sons and one daughter to mourn their loss. The mortuary arrangements were carried out by Ernest H. King, of 187 Moorabool-street.

LONGFIELD, Elizabeth Mary (Miss DRANE; Elizabeth LONGFIELD; Mrs. John LONGFIELD)

Composer, piano and music teacher

Born Norfolk, England, 24 January 1830; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Pulham, 7 March 1830
Active Maitland, NSW, by 1862
Died Cheltenham, NSW, 28 April 1917, aged 87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PATRIOTIC FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1855), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1868), 4

"ATTACH ON THE YASS MAIL", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 May 1869), 4 

On the night of Wednesday last about half past nine o'clock, when the mail from Yass to Goulburn had reached to about two miles of the latter town, two armed and mounted bushrangers came up and ordered the driver to pull up. There were at the time five passengers - Mr. John Longfield, dentist of Goulburn and Mr. Webb of Yass were on the box, and Miss Blake of Yass, Mr. W. Saber of Sydney, and Constable Chalker of the Goulburn mounted police force were inside. Chalker at once fired on the bush rangers, who instantly returned the fire. Altogether five shots were fired, two by Chalker and three by the bushrangers. The last shot fired by the latter took effect on the face of Mr. Longfield, who fell senseless into the arms of Mr Webb ... Fears for Mr Longfield's life were at first entertained; but our last report was satisfactory though. It is feared he will lose the sight of one eye. He has many wounds, about twenty, all in the face and inflicted with large shot. The bushranger was so close when he fired that it is a wonder Mr. Longfield was not killed on the spot.

"CONCERT", Queanbeyan Age (28 October 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1873), 8


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1878), 17

"Death", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (13 March 1886), 4 

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1897), 9

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1917), 6

Musical works:

Air Anglais varie (for piano) ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., 1868])

Four-in-hand galop (for piano, dedicated to Sir Hercules Robinson ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., 1873])

Pearl quadrilles ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., 1874])

Waratah waltzes ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., by 1875])

The A.S.N. galop (composed and dedicated to Captn. Trouton and the officers of the A.S.N. [Australian Steamship Navigation] company by Elizabeth Longfield) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878]) [concluded with the air "Home, sweet home"] 

Once, and again (song arranged for one or two voices, composed and dedicated to her sisters) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878])

Record reign march (for piano) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1897]) [opens with festival chimes and later introduces the air of "Home, sweet home"]

LORD, Ebenezer (Mr. LORD)

Contrabass player, violinist, vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), February 1850 (per Clifton)


Beedell reasonably suggests that Lord was Ebenezer Lord, who arrived Melbourne on the Clifton with Sara Flower in February 1850. "A contra-bass from the Theatres Royal London", also a violinist, Lord appeared in concerts for Thomas Reed between February and May 1850, and again in January 1851 as a vocalist in several glees.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1850), 3

"To the Editor ... THE CONCERT AND THE CRITICS", The Argus (24 December 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1851), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Ann V. Beedell, Terminal silence: Sara Flower and the diva enigma (Ph.D thesis, Griffith University, 1999), 157

LORD, Edward (junior)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1868


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1868), 7 

NEW MUSIC - In course of publication, the ROYAL SAILOR WALTZES, composed by E. Lord, jun. READING and WELLBANK, Music Sellers, George street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1868), 6

Musical work:

Royal sailor waltzes (by the composer Edward Lord, Jnr.) (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1868]) (DIGITISED)

LORETTE, Miss (Miss LORETTE, stage name)

Vocalist, ballad singer (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

LORTSCH, Alfred (Alfred Carl Rudolph LORTSCH)

Vocalist, concertina player, composer, pianist (from the Académie Imperiale de Musique, St. Petersburg), traveller, natural historian, author

Born Libau, Kurland, [Latvia], 6 November 1830
Active Grafton, NSW, by April 1862
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1864 (per Northam, for Point de Galle)
Married Franziska Runzler (1844-1913; pseud. Friedrich LEONI), Libau, 1873
Died Libau, Latvia, 19 March 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (8 April 1862), 3

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (8 April 1862), 2

Mr. Lortsch's concert came off on Saturday last, at the School of Arts, and the audience, although not so numerous as we had expected, appeared thoroughly to appreciate the efforts of the several performers. Mr. Lortsch's solos on the pianoforte fully exhibited his extraordinary command over that instrument; and his rendering of Beethoven's and Mendelsohn's music, on the concertina, cannot but be considered as perfect.

"DEUTSCHER GESANG VEREIN", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (15 April 1862), 2 

The members of this Society met on Saturday evening at the School of Arts, partly for practice and partly to deliberate on the expediency of establishing the club upon a firmer basis. It appeared that an erroneous impression, as to the permanency of Mr. Lortsch's stay in Grafton, had been created in the minds of some of the members, who, therefore, were reluctant to continue their attendance, but, after listening to an explanation from that gentleman, which removed all doubts upon the subject and also exposed some misrepresentation, which had been designedly spread among the Germans generally, those who had been wavering at once signified their intention to uphold the club by every means in their power. We are of [the] opinion that societies of this kind tending, as they do, to elevate and ennoble the mind and heart deserve every encouragement, and, while congratulating our German townsmen upon their having surmounted their first difficulty, we wish them every success for the future.

[News], Süd Australische Zeitung (3 September 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (21 October 1862), 3

"CONCERT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (4 November 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 April 1863), 1

"THE TYROLESE MINSTRELS", The Maitland Mercury (2 July 1863), 3

"GRAFTON POLICE COURT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 July 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1863), 1

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE. - THIS EVENING. - M. ALFRED LORTSCH, pianiste, from the Académie Impériale de Musique, St Petersburg, will make his first appearance in Australia, THIS EVENING (in the intermezzo between the two operas), and will play a Grand Fantasia of his own composition.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1863), 1

"CLEARANCES", Empire (23 June 1864), 4

"Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (1 July 1903), 48 

Herr Alfred Lortsch writes from Libau, Russia : - "Since 1891 I am a regular subscriber to the Sydney Mail. I do not remember ever having seen an illustration of the celebrated organ of the Sydney Town Hall, nor found a description of its construction and other inner particulars. The organ, the largest in the world, ought to have a prominent part in your paper, and I hope you will still make up for this omission." The organ has been illustrated several times. A photo and particulars of it appear among the illustrations of this week.

Other works:

Alfred Lortsch, "Die Ureinwohner Australiens", Das Ausland 30 (1866), 697-705 

Fern von der Heimat (Australischer Roman; Alfred Lortsch), Deutsche Roman-Zeitung (1886/3 and 4)

Bibliography and resources:

Franz Brümmer, Lexikon der deutschen Dichter und Prosaisten vom Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zur Gegenwart, Bd. 4. 6. Aufl. (Leipzig, 1913), 303 

*Lortsch, Alfred, geb. am 6. Nov. a. St. (18 n. St.) 1830 zu Libau in Kurland, widmete sich dem Kaufmannsstande, hielt sich seit 1854 in Frankreich und Petersburg auf und reiste 1861 nach Australien, von wo aus er später Neu-Kaledonien, die Loyalty Inseln, die Neuen Hebriden besuchte, über welche Landschaften er nachmals im Ausland, im Globus und in Aus allen Weltteilen interessante Berichte lieferte. Im Jahre 1864 kehrte er über Ceylon u. Ägypten nach seiner Heimat Libau zurück, wo er noch jetzt als Kaufmann lebt. S: Fern von der Heimat (R.); III, 1886.


Julius Haimberger and family

Grafton German Glee Club

LOUDIN, Frederick Jeremiah (F. J. LOUDIN)

Bass vocalist, director (Fisk Jubilee Singers)

Born Charleston, Ohio, USA, 1836 (free)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1886 (per R.M.S. Orient)
Departed Adelaide, SA, October 1889 (per R.M.S. Orizaba, for Bombay)
Died Ravenna, Ohio, 3 November 1904


"ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1886), 7

"THE FISK JUBILEE SINGERS", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (26 June 1886), 5

Never before has the Prahran Town Hall proved itself so unsuitable for the requirements of the city than it did on Monday evening, when the above singers gave one of their famous concerts ... the hall was packed to its utmost capacity, scarcely standing room being available, and hundreds had to be refused admission. All this proves the popularity which the Fisk Jubilee singers have attained during their short sojourn here, their success being unprecedented in the history of the colony. The first thing one notices when this band of eleven "sweet singers" ascends the stage, is the absence of all the usual palaver and nonsense we are accustomed to see when professionals, and at times even amateurs, present themselves before us. Unaided by any meretricious stage effects, this little band of negroes holds the vast attendance spell-bound ... We were so entranced with each of the performers that we scarcely like to refer to any one in particular. We may, however, refer to Mr. Loudin, the director, who is a basso profundo of wonderful power. Then, too, he has a winning and unaffected manner, and on Monday night he entirely won the hearts of the fair sex present. It is hoped he is not a married man.

"THE FISK JUBILEE SINGERS", Bendigo Advertiser (20 August 1886), 3

"R.M.S. ORIZABA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1889), 12

Bibliography and resources:

"Frederick J. Loudin", Wikipedia

Lynn Abbott and Doug Seroff, Out of sight: the rise of African American popular music, 1889-1895 (University Press of Mississippi, 2003)

LOUEDIN, Adolphus (Mons. Adolphe LOUEDIN)

Professor of the Cornet-a-piston

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 January 1854 (per Sammarang, from London, 14 October 1853) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Shipping Intelligence", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (28 January 1854), 2 

January 27. - Samarang, ship, 582 tons, McDonald, from London 14th October. Passengers . . . Messrs. Adolphe Louedin, and James Linley, and 39 in the steerage.


[Advertisement], Empire (20 March 1854), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. ON MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 20th 1854, Under Distinguished Patronage. MR. FRANK HOWSON'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT. By the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield and Officers of H. M. XIth Regiment, the splendid Band will perform several favourite Overtures, &c. First appearance of Monsieur Adolphus Louedin, the celebrated Cornet-a-Piston player ... Pianiste, Mr. Charles Packer ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1854), 1

MONSIEUR ADOLPHE LOUEDIN, Professor of the Cornet-a-Piston, will give lessons on that fashionable instrument. Address, Masonic Hotel, York-street (late Entwistle's)

LOUGHNAN, George Cumberlege

Amateur musician, tenor vocalist

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1842
Died Bourke, NSW, 18 January 1896 (victim of heat wave) (NLA persistent identifier)


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1893), 5 

At St. Joseph's Church, Woollahra, the usual early services were held, and solemn High Mass at 11 o'clock, the celebrant being the Very Rev. P. A. Slattery, Superior of the Franciscans. The Revs. A. S. Mullan and G. P. Birch assisted. The choir (Mr. Granville Brown presiding at the organ) rendered splendid music, Mrs. Magney (contralto), Mrs. Madden (soprano), Mr. J. Magney (basso), and Mr. George Loughnan (tenor) taking part.

"Obituary", Australasian Pastoralists' Review (15 February 1896), 659 

Mr. G. C. Loughnan, ex-M.P., who died from the effects of the hot weather at Warraweena, near Bourke, on the 18th January, was born in 1842. The deceased was a member of a family well known in Tasmania, Victoria, Riverina, and New Zealand in connection with pastoral affairs. He was a son of the late Captain J. M. Loughnan, and received his education at Stonyhurst College, England. He commenced his bush life at Burrabogie, of which his father was at that time part owner, was for a time in business at Hay, and subsequently a part owner of Hunthawang on the Lachlan, and Winbar on the Darling. While resident partner at the former, his genial disposition and knowledge of land matters procured his election as one of the members for the Murrumbidgee in 1880 and 1882 ... The deceased and his brothers were widely known as cricketers, musicians, and good fellows ...

Bibliography and resources:

"Loughnan, George Cumberlege (1842-1896)", Obituaries Australia

LOUISE, Madame (Madame LOUISE; Mrs. J. B. JAMES; ? Louise JAMES)

Dancer, vocalist, actor (Royal Victoria Theatre)

Arrived Sydney, 21 October 1842 (passenger per Trial, from Plymouth, 18 May, via Rio De Janeiro)
Departed Sydney, NSW, after December 1845 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

JAMES, J. B. (Mr. J. B. JAMES)

Actor, vocalist

Died India, 1846, or by early 1847 at the latest (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. and Mrs. J. B. James were part of a group of London theatre professionals who arrived in Sydney on the Trial in October 1842, also including Andrew and Eliza Torning, John Gordon Griffiths, the comedian J. B. James, and violinist John Gibbs and his wife, the actor and singer Eliza Gibbs.


"THEATRE ROYAL, DERBY", Derby Mercury (17 April 1839), 3

... We cannot close this notice without bearing testimony to the great merit of Madame Louise as a dancer; and we recommend all admirers of the "poetry of motion" to take an early opportunity of visiting the theatre where they may witness better dancing than, in Derby at least, has been seen on the boards for many years ...

"CHESTERFIELD THEATRE", Derbyshire Courier (21 September 1839), 2

The manager, Mr. Boddie, deserves every support for having far, satisfactorily filled his duties in catering for the amusement of the public. His corps dramatique are highly talented ... Madame Louise is not only a pleasing dancer, but a very good actress ...

[News], Norfolk Chronicle (21 March 1840), 2

At our Theatre, on Tuesday evening, the performances were by desire the Conservatives of Lynn and West Norfolk, when, the house overflowed every part ... At the conclusion of the play ... There was dancing Madame Louise, and by Mr. R. Power. Mr. Munyard, in his comic singing, was encored as usual ...

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (27 June 1841), 1

ROYAL ALBERT SALOON, STANDARD TAVERN and PLEASURE GROUND, Shepherdess-walk, City-road. Licensed by Act of Parliament. H. Brading proprietor. Open evening, with the best entertainment in London. A grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, and Herr Theodore Kollman's wonderful performance on the violoncello. Feats the by the Incredibles. Dancing by Madame Louise and Mrs. Andrews . . . The whole under the direction of Mr. T. Jones.

"ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (22 October 1842), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1842), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1842), 2

Two more of the performers, a lady and a gentleman, who arrived in the Trial, made their appearance at the Theatre on Monday evening. Of the gentleman, Mr. Torning, all we have to say is, that it is a pity the Londoners were deprived of his services, for he is not calculated to be very useful here. The lady, Madame Louise! is, so far as could be judged from a first appearance, an excellent performer; her appearance is prepossessing, her voice good, and her acting natural, and she bids fair to be exceedingly popular.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (25 March 1843), 3

"NEW COLONIAL PLAY", The Australian (30 May 1844), 3 

On Monday night a new Colonial play by the author of the Hibernian Father, called the Currency Lass, was produced with considerable success at the Victoria Theatre, and was repeated the following night. The incidents are commonplace enough, but when it is understood that the author originally intended the principal character for a real, bona fide Currency Lass, the versatility of whose dramatic talents would have done ample justice to the part - we need scarcely say we allude to Miss M. Jones - the general interest of the piece loses none of its contemplated attractions. The dialogue is truly Colonial - rather too much so for our taste - although the "Cabbage-tree hats," that crowded the pit and galleries on its first night of representation testified their approbation of its merits, in their estimation, by clamorous applause. The plot of the piece is simply this: - An old stage-struck gentlemen (Fenton,) bitten with a mania for dramatic composition, in which, however, according to his own account, he has not been eminently successful in the great Metropolis, emigrates to Sydney with his son (James) who falls in love with a Currency Lass, (Madame Louise), who personates a variety of characters to obtain the consent of the old gentlemen to the marriage of herself and his son ...

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (28 June 1845), 3

... An agreeable variety of Singing and Dancing followed the comedy, preparatory to the amusing farce, No Song No Supper, which was capitally got through, with the exception of Madame Louise being put into a singing part. It is unjust, as well as absurd, to compel an actor, or actress, to sing, who is destitute of all vocal qualifications! - where was Madame Carandini? Simes, and Mrs. Gibbs as the Lawyer, and Nelly, were the very personification of their respective originals, - the latter rather coarse, perhaps.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (15 October 1846), 3 

The following paragraph heads the Sans-Souci Theatre advertisement in the BENGAL HUAKARU, of the 21st March last:- "First appearance of Mr. J. B. James and Madame Louise from the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, who will shortly depart for their London engagements." These old Sydney favourites were to appear before the drama loving public of Calcutta, for the first time, on Tuesday evening, the 24th March, James as Count of Arragon, and Madame Louise as Maritana, in the drama of DON CAESAR DE BAZAN.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (5 June 1847), 3 

By the last accounts from India, we learn that Mr. James, formerly of the Sydney Theatre, is no more, and that Madame Louise, alias Mrs. James, had gone to England.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (10 July 1847), 3 

... as for the company of "old familiar faces," by the unwisely permitted secession, of Mrs. O'Flaharty, Madame Louise, and the late Mr. James, its beams had been shorn of three of the most brilliant of "the lights of other days" ...

? "DRURY-LANE THEATRE", Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (12 December 1847), 3

M. Jullien opened his opera campaign on Monday night with triumphant success. A version of "Lucia di Lammermoor" was chosen for representation ... An allegorical ballet, called "Le Genie du Globe" followed, and is a very pretty morceau ... Madame Louise danced a Spanish Cachuca to perfection, with an aplomb and hauteur worthy of a donna of Seville, and some little danseuses grouped around her most picturesquely, and the applause was loud and unanimous.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1851), 1

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1859), 1

DISAMBIGUATION: Not to be confused with Mary Myers (Mrs. Frederick Pollock, Mrs. Henry Hele) who at the start of her career in the 1860s was also known as "Madame Louise"; see "THEATRE ROYAL", The Advertiser (24 September 1913), 18 

"Madame Louise (1810 ? - ?)", Victorian English Opera 



Active Melbourne, VIC, October 1852


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (28 October 1852), 4 

Herr Mater again favors us with a capital programme, in which he allots with characteristic taste, the parts most suited to each performer . . . PART I
Overture - Massaniello - Auber
Aria - Bel raggio lusinghiero, Mrs. Testar - Rossini
Duet - Piano and Violin fantasia, from Guillaume Tell, by desire - Mr. Buddee and Herr Mater - De Beriot and Osborne
Song - The Life Boat - Mr D. V. Hamilton - Russell.
Quintetto - String Instrument - Gungl
Duet - Sir, a Secret - Messrs Lounds and Gregg
Song - The Engllshman, by desire - Mr. Wilkinson - Blockley
Duett - Dunque io son, by desire - Mrs. Testar and Mr. Gregg - Rossini
Overture - Caliph de Baghdad - Boildieu
Song - The Wolf - Mr. Lounds - Child
Trio - The Shepherd's Cot - Mrs. Testar, &c.
Polka - The Elephant, (by desire) - Jullien
Air - Then away - Mr. Gregg - Mozart
Duett - Drink to me only - Dr. Johnson
Ballad - Auld Robin Gray - Mrs. Testar.
Finale - God save the Queen.

LOVE, Harriet (Mrs. LOVE)

Actor, vocalist

= Harriet JONES

LOVE, Joseph Lester (Joe LOVE)

Violinist, "the celebrated Blind fiddler ... the first Australian Musician who ever learned to play on the violin"

Born Paramatta, NSW, 1793
Buried Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1836 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A freeborn native colonist, the son of John Love, a soldier in the NSW Corps, and his wife Martha, Joseph Lester Love was born in 1793 at Parramatta, NSW.

Blind from birth, he is later listed among those persons victualled from H.M. Magazines (reel 6016.4/5781.p.68).

Having applied on 26 April and 5 May 1818 for permission to wed (reel 6006, 4/3498, 206), he married Mary Ann Goodwin (1803-1878) on 23 November 1818 at St. Philip's, Sydney.

His burial was registered at St. James's, Sydney.


D'Arcy Wentworth's papers, Superintendent of Police Col. Sect. Office 8th April 1823 (JCP reel 6010, 4/3508, 910) 

Sir, With every disposition to forward the innocent recreation of the inhabitants of this town. The Governor has commanded me to submit to the consideration of the Sydney Bench whether the enclosed application for Joseph Love a blind man to play the violin until 9 o'clock every night for the support of himself & his family, can be admitted consistently with good police. J Goulburn.

"MUSIC", The Australian (19 July 1833), 3

MUSIC. Joe Love, the celebrated blind fiddler, is the first Australian Musician who ever learned to play on the violin. Although quite blind, he is considered one of the best musicians in the Colony.

"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (8 August 1833), 3

Mary M'Shea, a troublesome little customer, who set every law and authority at defiance that did not chime in with her ideas of ease and comfort, was charged with playing off her old pranks in bolting, and resorting to a house of very questionable repute, where she was discovered tripping it on the light fantastic toe, to the Paganini-like performance on the violin, of Joe Love ...

"SUPREME COURT", The Australian (12 May 1835), 3

Patrick Kilmartin was charged will the wilful murder of James Hamilton on the Botany-road, on Friday the 24th of April last ... William Christie, wardsman in the police, knew the late James Hamilton: ... the case knife produced was given up to me by a boy who follows Joe Love, a blind man about the town, there was blood upon it, and fresh when delivered up to me. George Love: I was with my brother J. Goodwin when he saw a dead body; Goodwin found a knife, this is the knife, I gave to constable Armstrong ...

"Joe Love and the Australian Paganini", The Australian (14 June 1836), 2

A son of the blind fiddler (Joe Love) some few days since went into he shop of a music seller to purchase a few strings of cat-gut for his parents fiddle. The vender of music knowing the boy was in his line, asked him whether he had heard the performance of Mr. Wallace, and what he thought of it, to which the urchin replied "that for a Waltz or Quadrille or anything in that 'ore way, Wallace was very well, but let him try father at a hornpipe or a jig, lad," said he with a knowing look and shrug of his shoulders, "and then you'll see which can play best."

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 202, 209 notes 48 and 49

James O'Brien, "John Love and Martha"

LOVEDAY, Henry William (Mr. H. W. LOVEDAY)

Tuner and repairer of Pianofortes, quadrille pianist, arranger

Born London, England, 29 November 1836; baptised St. Mary-le-bone, 25 December 1836
Active Hobart, TAS, by August 1856
Died Redfern, Sydney, NSW, 1 October 1899, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to a later (August 1859) report, Loveday served his apprenticeship with Broadwood of London, and was engaged by J. A. Huxtable on a visit to London to come to Hobart as a "practical pianoforte maker and tuner for this colony.". Huxtable had first advertised Loveday's services in August 1856. A Hobart advertisement in January 1859 prints approving references from Samuel Tapfield and bandmaster Douglas Callen. However, in February he announced his relocation to Launceston, where in May and June he was declared insolvent with "no assets". Having moved to Melbourne, from April to June 1860 he was in partnership with John Blackburn as "Blackburn, Loveday and Co.", offering "FIVE SHILLINGS PIANOFORTE TUNING". He was in Sydney advertising as a quadrille pianist in 1866; and in 1869, probably to publicise his services as a tuner, he released the musical prints below, one based on the popular song, the other named after the visiting British naval "flying squadron".


[Advertisement], The Courier (2 August 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Mercury (19 October 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 January 1859), 4

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (15 February 1859), 2

"Piano Forte Tuning", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 February 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 May 1859), 5

In the matter of the Insolvency of Henry William Loveday late of Hobart Town in Tasmania also of Launcetton in the said Island piano-forte maker but now a prisoner confined for debt in Her Majesty's gaol at Launceston aforesaid.

NOTICE is hereby given that the said Henry William Loveday did this day present a petition having schedules there until annexed to William Gardner Sams Esquire Commissioner of Insolvent Estates for Launceston, praying amongst other things that the said Henry William Loveday might be declared insolvent under the provisions of the Act of this island, intituled "An Act to make provision for the more effectual distribution of Insolvent Estates," And the said petitioner having been duly heard, the said Commissioner declared the said Henry William Loveday insolvent accordingly and appointed John Francis Hobkirk of Launceston in the said Island Esquire Provisional Assignee to such estate, and Wednesday the 18th day of May instant at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of the said day, at the Court House, Launceston aforesaid to be the day and place for the first general meeting of the creditors of the said insolvent, for the proof of debts, the election of a Permanent Assignee, the examination of the said Insolvent and for otherwise proceeding in the matter of such Insolvency, - Dated this third day of May, 1859. C. A. W. ROCHER, Solicitor for the said Insolvency. May 7.

"NEW INSOLVENTS DURING THE MONTH", Launceston Examiner (11 June 1859), 2

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (9 August 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1866), 1

"TOMMY DODD GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1869), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1869), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (8 December 1869), 1

"PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURE IN BRISBANE", Warwick Examiner and Times (29 April 1876), 1s

"FURNITURE", The Queenslander (2 September 1876), 11

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1899), 1

"PROBATES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1899), 4

Published works:

Tommy Dodd galop (? first edition, 1869; second edition, Sydney: s.n., n.d.) 

Tommy Dodd galop (Twelfth edition; founded upon the popular songs Tommy Dodd and Up in a balloon, arranged by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c.) 

Flying Squadron galop (by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c) (Sydney: s.n., n.d.) 

LOWE, Mrs. Charles

Vocalist, harpist

Died SA, 31 August 1893, aged 66

LOWE, Charles



"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (29 April 1864), 3


... During the evening Mrs. C. Lowe discoursed some sweet and stirring music upon the harp - an instrument which that lady seems perfectly to understand. A beautiful piece was sung by Mrs. Lowe, with harp accompaniment entitled "The harp restrung at Shakspeare's grave" which met with deserved applause.

"GOOLWA", South Australian Register (4 May 1864), 3

"GOOLWA CAVALRY", The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1866), 7

"THE CAVALRY FETE AT HIGGINSBROOK", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (7 April 1866), 2

The Welsh air "Ar hyd nos," followed by the French air "Ah vous dirai je maman," were then played on the harp by Mrs. Lowe, who afterwards sang "Willie, we have missed you," and played Boscha's [Bochsa's] French march and "Non piu andrai" (Figaro). A string giving way, she resorted to the piano, singing to that accompaniment "Trab, Trab," "Figlia de Regimento," and lastly, No. 1 of "The Songs of the Goolwa Troop," the words by Mr. Lowe. The song, set to music, adapted and arranged from Norma, ran as follows:
"To the charge!   the trumpets sound,
Forth our troopers swiftly bound ...

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (1 September 1893), 4

LOWE, Matilda Jane (Matilda Jane LOWE; Miss LOWE)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born c. 1842
Died Morpeth, NSW, 10 August 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Musical source:

Owner bound album of sheet music, belonging to Miss Matilda Lowe, of Wilbertree; University of Sydney, library, rare books 

Lillian polka / by Charles D'Albert. (London: Chappell & Co.)
The fire fly polka / composed by W. H. Goodban. (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke)
The cornstalk polka / by G. Thornton Esq. The Right Worshipful, the Mayor of Sydney. (Sydney: J. R. Clarke)
The Pippin polka / by Charles D'Albert. (Park's Edition. Sydney: J. Moore.)
The David Copperfield polka /​ composed for the piano forte by W. Wilson. (London: B. Williams)
Sultan's polka / [Charles D'Albert]. (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke. Favorite dance music.)
The Australian polka / H. Marsh
The drum polka / dedicated to Madame Bizet by Jullien. (21st edition. London: Jullien & Co. Royal Music Conservatory & Circulating Library)
Uncle Tom's cabin polka / W. H. Montogmery.
The Lola Montez polka / composed for the piano forte by Paul Henrion. (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co.)
The celebrated Undine polka / composed by Mrs. Mackinlay. (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke)
The bridal polka: no. 11 of a selection of favourite polkas arranged for the piano forte / by Jullien &. (Sydney: G. Hudson)

LOWE, Robert

Songwriter, journalist, newspaper editor (The Atlas)

Born Bingham, Notts., England, 4 December 1811
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 October 1842 (per Aden, from London, 8 June)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 27 January 1850 (per Kate, for England)
Died Warlingham, Surrey, England, 27 July 1892 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag)


"The Orator", by Charles Rodius; engraved by William Baker


"ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (11 October 1842), 3

"THE ORGAN OF THE OPPOSITION", The Australian (5 December 1844), 2

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1850), 2

"EVENINGS WITH THE MUSICIANS", Bell's Life in Sydney (20 March 1852), 4s

Mr. Robert Lowe, in the course of his examination before the Steam Communication Committee of the House of Commons, observes, "that a very great preventive to the emigration of the educated classes to Sydney was the fact, that there were few or no amusements there." We suspect that this is a fact to which the great majority of the citizens have paid little attention hitherto: but we do hope, that whatever promising improvements may be made in the way of our intellectual and elegant amusements will receive from the Sydney public such a sustained support as may soon place Mr. Lowe's severe, but true, description, amongst the shadows of other days ...

"THE LATE LORD SHERBROOKE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1892), 3

"The Old Bush Songs", Northern Star (28 April 1906), 6

"Some Early Colonial Journalism", The Brisbane Courier (26 November 1921), 4


The commissioner bet me a pony - I won (Song of the squatters)

"SONGS OF THE SQUATTERS (No. 2)", The Atlas (22 February 1845), 149 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTERS (From the Atlas)", Geelong Advertiser (5 March 1845), 3

Samuel Sydney, The three colonies of Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia (London: Ingram, Cooke & Company, 1853), 161-62 

Lord Sherbrooke, Poems of a life (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co., 1885), "Songs of the squatters no. 2", 99-101 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTER", The Queenslander (27 October 1894), 788

The gum has no shade (Song of the squatters)

"SONGS OF THE SQUATTERS (No. 3)", The Atlas (1 March 1845), 161 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTERS. The gum has no shade", South Australian (28 March 1845), 4 

"The Bushman to his bride", in Gallops and gossips in the bush of Australia; or, Passages in the life of Alfred Barnard (1854), 33

Lord Sherbrooke, Poems of a life (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co., 1885), "Songs of the squatters no. 3", 102-104 

Bibliography and resources:

R. L. Knight, "Lowe, Robert (1811-1892)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"Robert Lowe", Wikipedia

LOWER, Frederick William

Songwriter, composer, bootmaker

Born c.1823
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 10 October 1849 (per Cheapside, from London)
Died Hyde Park, SA, 26 December 1883, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (13 October 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 May 1855), 3

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 December 1883), 4

"THE LATE MR. F. W. LOWER", South Australian Register (27 December 1883), 4

Musical work:

The old gum tree (by F. W. Lower); in The Adelaide Musical Herald (27 March 1863), 52-53 

LOYAU, George Etienne (pseud: George CHANSON)

Songwriter, bush balladist, journalist, historian

Born London, England, 15 April 1835
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1853 (per Investigator, from London)
Died Bundaberg, QLD, 23 April 1898 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE COUNTRY JOURNALIST", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1872), 11

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Bunyip (28 November 1879), 3

"THE LATE MR. GEORGE E. LOYAU. TO THE EDITOR", The Advertiser (23 June 1898), 7


The Sydney songster, a collection of new original, local, and comic songs by George Chanson (Sydney: D. Roberts, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

"NEW SONG. THE CABLE MESSAGE", Bathurst Free Press (11 December 1872), 4


The personal adventures of George E. Loyau (Adelaide: L. Henn and Co., 1883)

Notable South Australians (Adelaide: G. E. Loyau, 1885)

[includes short biographies of several musicians]

Bibliography and resources:

J. H. Love, "Loyau, George Ettienne (1835-1898)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Hugh Anderson, George Loyau: the man who wrote bush ballads (Melbourne: Red Rooster, 1991)


Professor of music, schoolmaster

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1842


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (10 March 1842), 2

The following persons surrendered yesterday: Philip Wright, of Aberdeen, Hunter River, publican; Richard Wright Goodall, of King-street, Surveyor; John Brunker Nixon, late of Orielton, Cowpasture, settler; Sarah Boon, late of Campbelltown; Aloes Lubeske, of Parramatta, professor of music.

"RUNAWAYS APPREHENDED, WITH DATE OF APPREHENSION", New South Wales Government Gazette (13 December 1844), 1524 

LUCIANO, Signor (Signor LUCIANO)

Professor of dancing

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 March 1853), 12 

SIGNOR LUCIANO, professor of dancing, just arrived from London, is prepared to give lessons in dancing in private families, and superintend private balls; apply 84, Latrobe-street, west.



Born c.1820
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 May 1830 (per Arab, from London, 23 January)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 24 March 1838, aged 18 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Born in England, c. 1820 (or possibly somewhat earlier), Sarah was the daughter of Mercer James Ludgater and Medea Pinhorn (d. VIC, 1867), who had married at St. Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, Kent, on 26 December 1815. Mercer was convicted of felony at the Maidstone assizes on 23 March 1818 and sentenced to 7 years transportation. He arrived in NSW on the Shipley, and having served his sentence was in Van Diemen's Land by 1829. He sailed from Hobart Town for London in May 1829, and returned with his wife and Sarah the following May. From 1830, Mercer was a publican. If Sarah was indeed Mercer's daughter, given the date of his conviction, she was perhaps a little older than her reported 18 years at the time of her death.


[Arrivals], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1830), 4

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Tasmanian (27 August 1830), 6 

. . . A young Lady, Miss Ludgater, sung the beautiful ballad by Bayley "Shades of Evening," with great taste and delicacy . . . Mr. Bock then sung with great taste Wade's "Ding dong bell," which was followed by the celebrated glee "The last rose of Summer," by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Marshall, and Bock . . . Miss Ludgater sung a song by Devereaux with great sweetness . . .

[News], Colonial Times (27 August 1830), 2

. . . The only female singer was Miss LUDGATE, a young lady who was much and deservedly admired; she possesses a most soft and delicate voice, and her songs were sung with that degree of expression, that, we venture to prognosticate, with practice and time she will not only bear the palm of the vocalists of Van Diemen's Land, but will be a credit to any concert room in the world. The song of "Hey the bonnie" was much admired, and as well as the "Huntsman's chorus" was encored . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Tasmanian (27 August 1830), 6 

A young Lady, Miss Ludgater, sung the beautiful ballad by Bayley "Shades of Evening," with great taste and delicacy .... Bishop's glee "Beam of Light," then followed by Miss Ludgater . . . Miss Ludgater sung a song by Devereaux with great sweetness.

MUSIC: "Shades of evening" = Isle of beauty, fare thee well (words: T. H. Bayley; music: T. A. Rawlings (US edition DIGITISED)

MUSIC: Where art thou, beam of light (H. R. Bishop)

Burials in the parish of St. David's, Hobart Town, 1838; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1180907; RGD34/1/1 no 5309 

Sarah Pinhorn Ludgater, aged 18.

"DEATH", Colonial Times (27 March 1838), 7

On Saturday morning, suddenly, aged 18, Miss Ludgater, the beloved and lamented daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ludgater, of the Bee Hive, in Goulburn-street. The cause of this sudden and early dissolution was an attack of serious apoplexy, the fatality of which no medical aid could avert. An affectionate and most dutiful daughter, and beloved by every one to whom she was known, Miss Ludgater has departed very generally lamented. Of her it may be truly said, "In the midst of life we are in death," and her memory will be long cherished by the numerous friends who are left to mourn her untimely departure.


Bass-baritone, baritone vocalist

Born Milan, ?1841/2
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, November 1875 (per R.M.S. China, from Galle)
Died Christchurch, NZ, 9 February 1887, aged 45


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 November 1875), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1875), 12

"MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (12 January 1876), 10

... Signor Luisetti made a first appearance on this occasion, and displayed the possession of a fine baritone voice, which be uses in a manner quite consistent with musical good taste.

"MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (15 February 1876), 7

"THE DE MUSKA CONCERTS", The Mercury (22 December 1876), 2

[News], Otago Daily Times (12 January 1887), 2

Signor Pietro Luisetti, well known in Australia and New Zealand as an opera singer, died at Christchurch on Sunday morning after a long illness. The Lyttelton Times says: "He was born at Milan, where his family, we believe, were bankers, and had passed a somewhat adventurous life. As a young man he went to China, and was engaged in the silk trade, selecting cocoons and grain for sending to Italy. On coming to New Zealand he joined the unfortunate party of settlers who tried to make a home at Jackson's Bay, and met with the fate that was to be anticipated on the inhospitable shores of that wild West Coast. On one occasion Signor Luisetti was lost in the bush for 13 days, his only means of sustenance during that period - besides the scanty resources of our native forest - being a cake and some tobacco. As a member of an opera company organised by M. Simonsen he played in Australia, and went on a tour to India. Afterwards he was associated with Miss Emily Melville. His qualifications as a singer and master had been gained by five years' hard study at La Scala. Signor Luisetti leaves a wife and children but slenderly provided for. He was 45 years of age."

"SIGNOR PIETRO LUISETTI", Bathurst Free Press (17 February 1887), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1990, 14, 16, 23, 24, 25

LUNDBORG, John William (? Johan Wilhelm; also LUNDBERG)

Clarionet player, clarinettist, music teacher, importer, mining speculator

Born ? Sweden, c.1827
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 20 February 1906, "in his 80th year, a member of the musical profession of Victoria for 54 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

LUNDBORG, Blanche (Lillian Blanch Ingeborg; Mrs. John Langtree REILLY)

Pianist, piano teacher

Born Melbourne, VIC, ?
Died Malvern, VIC, 27 January 1934



According to an advertisement in the Argus seeking information on his whereabouts, one Casper Lundberg, the cook of the Swedish Brig Wanga disappeared while on shore leave in Melbourne on 10 October 1854.

On 21 October, a Herr Lundberg, and a Herr Berg, a trombonist (Charles Berg), both "from the King's Theatre Stockholm" appeared with the Nelson Family at the Queen's Theatre. Both then appeared again there a few days later, along with John Winterbottom, to play for Catherine Hayes and Lewis Lavenu, when it was reported:

An instrumental duet, for clarionet and valve trombone, given by Herrn Berg and Lundberg, two Swedish musicians, was much applauded, although it appeared somewhat slow amongst the more exciting performances of the evening.

Lundberg played a clarinet obligato to Anna Bishop in July 1856, and both Berg and Lundberg were billed again with Wintebottom's Band in Melbourne in September 1859. "One William Lundberg, a musician, residing in Flinders-lane" was victim of a fraud in 1860.

Lundberg remained a part of the Melbourne musical establishment well into the late 1880s, playing under Frederick Cowen in the 1888 Centenary Exhibition Orchestra.

Until the 1870s the spelling Lundberg is common, Lundborg thereafter.


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 October 1854), 8

"QUEEN'S THEATRE - MISS CATHERINE HAYES", The Argus (30 October 1854), 5

"MISS HAYES'S SECOND CONCERT", The Argus (1 November 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 July 1855), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (30 July 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1856), 8

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT [from Melbourne Herald]", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 August 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1859), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1862), 8

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (17 February 1871), 6

... Little Miss Blanche Lundborg made quite a favourable impression by her performance of Ascher's "Cascade des Roses," a composition of which the title explains the character. Her playing was marked by perfect accuracy, and gives evidence of sound tuition. Young students of music, however, cannot be too strongly impressed with the necessity for systematic study, and the avoidance of the display of juvenile skill, which often passes current for a great deal more than it is worth. Little Miss Lundborg is decidedly clever, and her success on Wednesday evening must have been very gratifying to her father, whose pupil she is.

"MR. GUENETT'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Argus (10 February 1875), 6

... in addition to these there was the first public appearance of Miss Lundborg, a recent pupil of Mr. Guenett and a young lady pianiste who will surely achieve a good position in the ranks of skilled executants. There was more than ordinary interest attached to the appearance of this young lady ... We remember the promise of Miss Lundborg's child performances some few year since in the presence of the friendly and semi-public audience of the Melbourne German Liedertafel, and are glad to find (as all are who find their predictions verified) that her talent is maturing under good guidance to a "fine issue". Miss Lundborg, who is yet but a girl, essayed on her first appearance Schubert's "Impromptu in B flat", and in the second part of the concert she and her teacher, Mr Guenett, played Chopin's "Rondo for Two Pianos Op. 73." Her style may be best judged by her solo performance, which was really admirable, Miss Lundborg showing the excellence of her training, and also the possession of that faculty for music in the absence of which training shall be applied in vain.

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 December 1878), 1

[News], The Argus (20 April 1880), 5

At the half yearly examinations of the Musical Association of Victoria held on the 17th inst., the following results were obtained: - Diploma, Arthur Bonwick, Hawthorn; certificate: - Eliza Sinclair, Emerald Hill; Blanche Lundborg, Carlton; Chrissie M. Reid, Geelong; Helena P. Reid, Geelong. The next examinations will take place in October. 

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (7 July 1883), 11 Supplement

"MELBOURNE POPULAR CONCERTS", The Argus (12 June 1884), 7

"EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (16 June 1888), 13

 "EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (21 June 1888), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 February 1891), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 February 1906), 1 

LUNDBORG. - On the 20th February, at the residence of his son-in-law, J. L. Reilly, "Sunny-side," Taylor-street, Moonee Ponds, John William Lundborg, in his 80th year. A member of the musical profession of Victoria for 54 years.

"DEATHS", The Australasian (3 March 1906), 60

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 January 1934), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1934), 16

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1935), 2 

LUNN, Richard

Side-drummer (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

LUNT, George


Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852


PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS AT Liverpool. AMPHITHEATRE", The Era [London] (13 June 1852), 12

On Friday evening Mr. George Lunt, who has been connected with the Liverpool Theatre for many years, took his farewell benefit. The pieces were, Macbeth (in which Mr. E. L. Davenport and Miss F. Vining appeared), and The Floating Beacon. Mr. Lunt, we are informed, is about to try his fortune at the Australian gold "diggins."

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

THIS EVENING. FRIDAY DECEMBER 10th. MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. The greatest combination of artists ever known in Melbourne. Mr CHARLES MIRAN Of the Theatre Royal Drury Line, has the honour to announce that he will give a GRAND CONCERT, On Friday Evening Next, December 10, On which occasien the following distinguished artists will appear:

VOCAL: MISS LEWIS, of the Royal Italian Opera; Signor Georgi, of the Opera Francais and the leading Concerts of Paris; Mr. Gregg, the favorite Bass singer; Mr. Moseley, of the principal London Concerts; Mr. George Lunt, of the Liverpool Concerts, his first appearance; and Mr. Hamilton, of the leading Concerts.

INSTRUMENTAL: Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei of Her Majesty's Royal Italian Opera; Violins, Mr. Bulmer of the Royal Italian Opera, Paris and Jullien's Concerts, his first appearance. Concertina, Mr. H. Richardson, his last appearance previous to his departure for Sydney; and Mr. Salomon, pianist of the nobility's concerts, London ...

PROGRAMME PART I ... Song - The merry little grey fat man, Mr Lunt - Blewett ...

PART II. Ballad - The Old house at Home, Mr Lunt - Loder.

LUTZ, William Meyer

Conductor, composer, arranger

Born Münnerstadt, Bavaria (Bayern), 19 May 1829
(Never visited Australia)
Died Kensington, London, England, 31 January 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


As the musical director of London's Gaiety Theatre, it was Lutz who arranged the music of the song Botany Bay for the London production the burlesque Little Jack Sheppard premiered there at Christmas (26 December) 1885, when it was sung by David James.

At the time, The Era report strongly suggests that "the quaint old ditty" with the "time-honoured whistling variations in the chorus" was already well-known in London, and the wordbook of the first Australian production describes the tune as an "old air", though no certain corroborating evidence of this has been identified. Nevertheless, coincidentally, a day before the first performance of the burlesque, a song "Botany Bay" was sung by a character billed as "Isaac" in a minstrel entertainment put on by a Cambridge University troupe in Bury St. Edmunds. There is also a July 1887 Australian reference to the song being by Sam Cowell (1820-1864), and Hugh Anderson and Ron Edwards, in Botany Bay broadsides (1956, 14) argued that the words at least derived from one of the later iterations of the originally c.1830 English broadside Farewell to judges and juries.

The song, newly popular in England from its theatrical release, also quickly became an Australian favourite after the first local outing of Little Jack Sheppard in Melbourne at Christmas 1886, sung by E. W. (Teddy) Royce (d. 1926). Paling's first advertised sheet music of the song for sale in the complete vocal score in 1887, the words from the book of the production by H. P. Stephens and W. Yardley. A sheet edition of the single song was also advertised in Goulburn in 1888, but no copy of it has yet been identified.

The song was repopularised in Australia in the early 1850s in editions and recordings by Percy Jones and Burl Ives.


"JACK SHEPPARD", Pall Mall Gazette [London] (29 December 1885), 4

... Picture Mr. James, in a lovely blue costume and a blue face and red nose, seated on a barrel turned on end and placed on a table, with his "pals" around him in magnificent raiment, bidding -

Farewell to Old England for ever,
Farewell to my rum culls as well,
Farewell to the well-known Old Bailey,
Where I used for to cut such a swell,

And -

Singing too-ral, li-ooral, li-addity,
Singing too-ral, li-ooral, li-ay,
Singing too-ral, li-ooral, li-addity,
Singing too-ral, li-ooral, li-ay.

With a whistle melancholy and seductive which Blueskin introduces with infinite unction. Then follows the "Voyage" to "Botany," the "Prayer, and the "Moral": -

Now all my young Doolcies and Duchesses,
Take warning from what I've to say;
Mind all is your own as you toucheses,
Or you'll jine us in Botany Bay.

"ST. EDMUND'S WORKING-MEN'S SOCIETY", Bury and Norwich Post [England] (28 December 1886), 7

At the Town Hall on Saturday last a very enjoyable evening was spent by a large audience, in witnessing a performance by the Cambridge Wandering Minstrels ... The programme was as follows: ... Song - "Botany Bay," Isaac ...

"THE LONDON THEATRES. THE GAIETY", The Era [London] (2 January 1886), 7.

The second act shows Jack carousing with his boon companions in a hall gorgeous enough to be Aladdin's Palace, but which is understood to be merely the "cave of harmony" at the "Crown and Sovereign" in the Mint. Here Blueskin presides over a free-and-easy with all the genial aplomb of a music hall chairman, and obliges the company with a spirited rendering of the quaint old ditty "Botany Bay", which is, of course, given with the time-honoured whistling variations in the chorus. It is, by the way, to be noted among the curiosities of criticism that an evening contemporary naively quotes this familiar song in extenso under the apparent impression that it is now heard for the first time ... Mr. James was capitally made up as Blueskin, and he gave the Botany Bay song with great gusto ...

BOXING DAY. HER MAJESTY'S OPERA-HOUSE", The Argus (28 December 1886), 6 

The elements of mirth and music, clever acting and sprightly dancing, scenic beauty and spectacular brightness are so agreeably blended in " Little Jack Sheppard," that it seems to fulfil all the requirements of a Christmas entertainment ... Blueskin's song, as chairman of the Free and Easy, "Farewell to Old England for ever," with its jovial chorus, brought the house down ...

"WHISPERS IN THE WINGS. BY 'Q'", Sportsman (20 July 1887), 7 

"Oarder!" Now all ye dukes and duchesses who like a light, lively and lyrical night's fun, roll up to the Opera House. There the lamp of Burlesque burns as brightly as ever, and "Little Jack Sheppard" is as peculantly pleasing as before ... By George? what a host of theatrical ghosts Mr. "Teddy" Royce conjures up before me. What a change there is once his "An Ambassador from Below" days; but still he has all the old spirit and go, if not quite the former nimbleness. Of course his "Botany Bay" - what a satire Sam Cowell's ditty is on Australians! - is the "oarder" of the evening ...

"LITTLE JACK SHEPPARD", The Daily Telegraph (27 December 1887), 5 

The burlesque and operatic extravaganza entitled "Little Jack Sheppard " was revived last night at the Criterion Theatre in the presence of an audience which crammed the building in every part ... Mr. Royce's performance, so very ludicrous in every respect, added a spice even to the many unpardonable puns with which he and his compeers remorselessly assail one's ears ... His great song "Botany Bay," with its catching refrain of "ri-tooral, &c.," was given with an irresistibly comic effect. The gallery was deafening in its applause, and it was not till the second or third verse of the 14 which Mr. Royce keeps on hand had been given that they subsided into a temporary state of quietness ...

"SAILORS WHO SING", Evening News [Sydney] (25 August 1887), 4 

An excellent concert was given on Wednesday, in the Sailors' Concert room, under the Mariners' Church, Circular Quay ... the following programme was gone through ... song, "Convict's Farewell to Old England," Mr. Johnson ...

"CONCERT AT DANDENONG", South Bourke and Mornington Journal (31 August 1887), 3

A very successful concert was given in the Mechanics' Institute, Dandenong, on Friday evening last, in aid of the funds of the local football club ... The last item on the programme was a chorus song, "Convict's farewell," which was sung by about fifteen members of the club attired in their football costumes ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1887), 2 

THE Song BOTANY BAY is contained in the Vocal Score of JACK SHEPPARD. Price 2s 8d posted. W. H. PALING and CO., Limited.

[News], Morning Bulletin [Rockhampton, QLD] (20 January 1888), 5 

From the interest excited by the success of the Mikado Opera Company during their Northern tour, the audience which assembled in the School of Arts last night to witness the first production here of Byron's comic pantomime, "Aladdin, or the Wonderful Scamp," was inclined to be rather a critical one, and it is only due to the management to say that their most sanguine expectations were realised ... Mr. South was received with uproarious applause for his comic originality "Farewell to old England for ever," assisted by the whole company in the chorus of "Ri-too-roo Ri-too-roo i-lay" and a double encore was the result ...

[Advertisement], Goulburn Herald (10 April 1888), 3 

MUSIC LIST FOR APRIL. THE following will be found amongst the MONTHLY LIST of MUSIC just received at the HERALD BOOK MART, Auburn-street, Goulburn: - SONGS (At 2/.) ... Botany Bay ... W. Meyer Lutz ... MISCELLANEOUS (at 2/.) ... Little Jack Sheppard (Quadrilles) ... W. Meyer Lutz ...

"FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT", Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser [England] (13 August 1894), 5

The very cordial reception accorded to "Little Jack Sheppard" at the Gaiety on Saturday is to be attributed rather to pleasure at seeing the revival of old favourite than to superlative merit of the performance. Ten Tears ago, when the piece was first produced, Messrs. Stephen and Yardley's work was not of the first order, but owed its popularity principally to the efforts of an exceptionally fine and judiciously selected company ... The Botany Bay song, in which the late David James will be ever remembered, was capitally rendered Mr. Charles Danby.

"POINTS FROM LETTERS", The Advertiser (17 February 1932), 18 

... The old song, "The Convict's Farewell," starting, "Farewell to old England for ever," has, as a second line, "And farewell my rum-culs, as well" ...


"No 11. Botany Bay", in Selection of words and music from Little Jack Sheppard, burlesque drama in three acts written by H. P. Stephens and W. Yardley; music by Meyer Lutz ... first produced at the Gaiety Theatre, on Boxing Night, 1885 ([London: ?, 1886]), 42-45; National Library of Australia copy stamped "W. H. Paling and Co." 

Little Jack Sheppard, a new 3-act operatic and dramatic extravaganza written by H. P. Stephens and W. Yardley, Her Majesty's Opera House, Melbourne [1886 wordbook] 

See also later edition (1950s): 

Bibliography and resources:

Anderson and Edwards 1956a, 12-16 (DIGITISED)

Botany Bay (song), Wikipedia 

LYALL, Charles (Mr. LYALL; MR. C. LYALL; Mr. Chas. LYALL)

tenor vocalist

Born London, England, c. 1833
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 21 June 1854 (per Queen of the South, from London, 4 April 1854)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 14 March 1857 (per Walmer Castle for London)
Died St. John's Wood, London, England, 3 May 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"CHIT CHAT ON ENGLISH THEATRICALS", The Australasian (10 October 1868), 19 

... With the month of July the opera season closed at Drury-lane. The principal members of Mr. Mapleson's company, including Signor Arditti (conductor), Madame Titiens, Mddle. Sinico, Signor Foli, and Messrs. Santley and Chas. Lyall, are under engagement to appear for a short season in New York. It is pleasurable to notice the rapid strides Mr. Chas. Lyall is making in his profession. This gentleman, who some years back was one of the musical mainstays of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society has met with unqualified praise from the London press for his attentive rendering of the part of Monostatos in "Il Flauto Magico" ...

Bibliography and resources:

"LYALL, Charles", in Kurt Ganzl, Victorian vocalists (PREVIEW)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

LYNCH, William

Bandsman (Band of the 21st Regiment)

Born Kerry, Ireland, c. 1803
Active Hobart Town, VDL, 1833-39
Died Battery Point, Hobart, TAS, 1 July 1886, "in the 84th year of his age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 21st Regiment


"DEATH OF A USEFUL OLD COLONIST", The Mercury (5 July 1886), 2 

Mr. William Lynch expired on Thursday, 1st inst., at Battery Point, in the 84th year of his age, after a residence in Hobart of over 50 years. He arrived in this city with the well-known 21st North British Fusiliers, which, though nominally a Scottish regiment, had its ranks well filled up with stalwart Irishmen, and no finer regiment ever paraded in Tasmania. Their bearskins added grandeur to their physique, which for symmetry and smartness could scarcely be surpassed. With but few exceptions the members of the corps have passed to that bourne whence no traveller returns. Mr. Lynch was a native of Kerry, he was twice married, but, out of a family of 13 children, only eight, by the second wife, survive their aged father. In aquatic circles a few years back the Lynchs were a power. In every relation of life they were useful, and their capacity and filiality will amply provide for the aged widow of a good old man in the few remaining years of life. Mr. Lynch was interred in the Queenborough Cemetery yesterday afternoon, where the last offices of the dead were performed by the curate of St. George's, the Rev. Mr. Dillon. Mr. John Lynch was the chief mourner, four of his sons being in the other colonies.

"BANDS OF HOBART", Daily Post (30 August 1917), 2 

... The late Mr. William Lynch - father of the Lynch Brothers well known in aquatic circles, was one of the performers ...


... The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833. The band that followed belonged to the 21st North British Fusiliers (now Royal Scotch Fusiliers). It was a similar one in several respects to the 63rd, but the regiment had the advantage of having a bugle and drum band, which often combined with the former. There were also a few pipers, who played with the troops on the march. The late Mr. Lynch, father of the Lynch brothers, well-known in aquatic circles, was one of the performers. Mr. Angus McLeod was the bandmaster ... The 21st Regiment wore large beaver hats ...


LYNCH, Henry

Musician, bellringer

Born London, England, 6 April 1822
Arrived Victoria, early 1850s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 May 1906

LYNCH, George

Died South Yarra, VIC, 6 July 1909

LYNCH, Harry

LYNCH, Robert

Died Hawksburn, VIC, 27 March 1926

LYNCH, William

Died Melbourne, VIC, 6 June 1945


Trove searches:"Australian+Bellringers""Lynch+family+of+Bellringers"

Lynch Family of Bellringers



[News], The Argus (23 July 1868), 5

A new troupe of bell-ringers will shortly make their appearance before the public. A musician named Lynch, residing at Geelong, has recently imported a complete set of hand bells from the celebrated firm of Messrs Mears and Stainbank, and he and his four sons, one of whom is only eight years of ago, have become remarkably proficient in the campagnolian art. In addition to the hand bells they will also perform upon a stand of bells, with which they can give selections from the most popular operas with remarkable accuracy.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (23 July 1868), 2

Those who have heard the celebrated Lancashire Bell-ringers will agree with us when we say they are not likely to forget the sweet music discoursed. On the occasion of their first visit to Geelong they created quite a furore, it being the general opinion that they had not their equals in the world. We did not expect that Geelong would ever be able to lay claim to a troupe equally talented, but now we find that such an event has come about. Hearing that Mr Lynch, of Chilwell, had recently imported a complete set of hand bells from the celebrated firm of Mears and Stainbank, we yesterday paid him a visit, and were surprised to find ourselves in the midst of quite a musical family, Mr .Lynch and his four sons being enthusiastic campagnolians. The hand-bells, forty in number, were only received about a fortnight ago, and are made of the very best metal, with the latest improvements. The Lancashire Ringers used soprano bells made of inferior metal to those imported by Mr Lynch; while the latter are tenor bells, and have a splendid tone. The leather is fixed into the clapper by means of a screw, thus allowing a better and more distinct blow being struck than under the old system when the leather was merely bound round. Mr. Lynch and his sons have already perfected themselves in sixty of the most popular pieces oi music, and in a short time will make their appearance before the public, when, if colonial talent is at all appreciated, they certainly deserve to be as successful as the Lancashire troupe. Yesterday we heard them play a number of tunes most accurately, and amongst them were - "When the kie cames hame," "The Highland fling," " There is nae luck about the house," etc. One of the ringers is quite a little wonder; he is only eight years of age, but he performs with as great accuracy as his father. In addition to the hand-bells the company also perform on the stand bells; and on these we heard them play several selections from Norma and other operas. The most interesting portion of the entertainment, however, will be the youngest son playing on the clock-bells, accompanied by his elder brother and father on the concertina, and by another brother on the flute. Mr Lynch expects to be able to make his first appearance in public in about a month, and in conclusion we need only state that those who once hear the entertainment will be glad to hear it repeated.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (15 September 1868), 2

Some years ago when the Lancashire troupe of bellringers first visited Victoria, their exquisite playing on the bells created quite a furore in the colonial musical world, no praise was deemed too much for them, and thousands rushed to hear them. Little did we then think that in a short time we should have to chronicle the debut of a Victorian troupe of campagnolians, and all of them members of the same family. Such an event has occurred, and last evening the Lynch family consisting of the father and four sons, made their debut before a Geelong audience under the name of the Australian Bellringers. When it became known that this talented troupe would first appear in public in Geelong, there was much speculation as to whether they would be able to hold their own. They possessed many friends, who hearing heard them in private had every confidence in them, but many dreaded they would, on their first appearance in public be too nervous to excel in their delicate art. We feel hound to say they have realised the most sanguine expectations - father and song - the youngest of whom is only eight years, played with a skill and confidence that took everybody by surprise, and but for a certain "gaucherie" in coming on to and leaving the stage, a fault which all performers, on their first appearance in public are liable to, one would have imagined they were regular old stagers. Comparisons are odious, but we venture to predict, that in the Lynch family the Lancashire bell ringers will find dangerous rivals, more particularly so as the former play on three different kinds of bells, the Lancashire entertainment being confined solely to the hand-bells. The audience last evening was a good one, but not so numerous as it might have been. Had the hall been crowded, the hand-bells would, we imagine, have sounded much better; as it was they were sometimes too piercing. The audience, however, signified their approval by loud plaudits at the conclusion of each melody, and on several occasions the performers were enthusiastically encored. Master William Lynch, a child eight years of age, achieved a perfect triumph. He was singularly cool for a child so young, and played with an earnestness that showed he was wrapped up in the music. He did not during the whole of the programme make a single mistake. The troupe, when playing on the handbells, were singularly successful in the "White Cockade," and fairly brought down the house in their imitation of the bagpipes, the music in this imitation being more agreeable than that discoursed by the original instruments, save and except to the ears of a thorough Highlander. On the stand bells, Mr H. Lynch, sen., and H. Lynch, were indeed worth hearing in "The Campbells are coming," and "Garry Owen;" H. Lynch and his brother, R. Lynch, also, meeting with applause when, on the same bells, they played selections from Norma, La Sonnambula; and the "Kraviock Quadrilles." One of the greatest novelties of the entertainment was the clock bells and concertina, Master William Lynch playing with great accuracy on the clock bells. Our space does not admit of a lengthened criticism, suffice it to say the entertainment of itself is well worth hearing, and further deserves the patronage of all admirers of local talent.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (24 September 1868), 2

"THE AUSTRALIAN BELLRINGERS", Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1868), 2

"THE LYNCH FAMILY", Geelong Advertiser (28 September 1875), 3

"CAMPANOLOGY", Geelong Advertiser (29 September 1875), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (9 May 1885), 8:;

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES [No. 1]", Melbourne Punch (6 September 1888), 11

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 2", Melbourne Punch (13 September 1888), 14

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 3", Melbourne Punch (20 September 1888), 13

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 4", Melbourne Punch (27 September 1888), 14

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 5", Melbourne Punch (4 October 1888), 15

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 6", Melbourne Punch (11 October 1888), 15

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 7", Melbourne Punch (18 October 1888), 15

[See also]];

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY LYNCH", Geelong Advertiser (23 May 1906), 2

Mr. Henry Lynch, the founder of the well-known company of public entertainers, the Lynch Family Bellringers, died in Melbourne on Monday, at the ripe age of 84 years. Mr. Lynch was born in London, on the 6th April, 1822, and emigrated to Victoria with his wife and the eldest of his sons in the early fifties. He settled eventually in Geelong, and there other sons were born to him. These Mr. Lynch trained to music, and the use of the hand bells, and on the 25th August, 1867, the Lynch Family Bellringers made their first appearance in public at Geelong. The company then consisted of Mr. Henry Lynch (who died yesterday), and his sons, Mr. Harry Lynch, Mr. Robert Lynch, Mr. George Lynch, and Mr. Willie Lynch. Since then the Lynch Family Bellringers have travelled many times through all parts of Australia, and also through India, Japan, Ghiua, Burmah and other Asiatic countries, and in America. Everywhere they met with marked success. Mr. Harry Lynch retired in 1883 with a competency, but Messrs. Harry, Robert and Willie Lynch have continued to successfully conduct the combination, and were performing in the North-Eastern district when summoned to Melbourne to be present at the bedside of their father. The remains will be interred in Geelong, and the funeral cortege will leave the railway station to-day on arrival of the mid day train from Melbourne.

"DEATH OF MR. GEORGE LYNCH", Barrier Miner (7 July 1909), 4

"DEATH OF MR. ROBERT LYNCH", Chronicle (17 April 1926), 20

"LYNCH FAMILY OF BELLRINGERS. Death of Surviving Member", Border Watch (9 June 1945), 8

Others sources:

Diaries of the Lynch family, 1882-08-16 to 1884-12-22, NLA

Posters, sheet music and handbells of Lynch Family Bellringers, University of Adelaide library

Bibliography and resources:

Gwyn Gillard, 2002 

Doggett and Gillard 2011 

LYON, William Charles

Professor of Singing, Pianoforte, and Harmony

Born London, England, c. 1826
Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852
Died Melbourne, VIC, 18 July 1853, aged 27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Billed as director of "THE CITY OF LONDON GLEE AND MADRIGAL UNION", at their inaugural Melbourne concert in December 1852, Lyon was a "Professor of the Royal Academy of Music, and late Vicar Choral of St. Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey". Half brother of Edgar Ray, he died in July 1853.


1851 England census, Middlesex, Hampstead, 07; 54, 155

227 / William C. Lyon / Lodger / 25 / Professor of Music / [born] Midd. London

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1853), 5

"DIED", The Argus (22 July 1853), 4

LYONS, Annie (Mrs. H. P. LYONS)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Died South Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1909, aged 69

LYONS, Henry Percival (Harry LYONS; H. P. LYONS) 

Theatrical and musical agent

Active by 1861
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 June 1913, aged 71


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (21 December 1861), 2

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (25 May 1888), 2

"PERSONAL", The Argus (28 June 1909), 7

"DEATH OF A VETERAN ACTRESS", Barrier Miner (2 July 1909), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 June 1913), 1

"MR. HARRY LYONS DEAD", Barrier Miner (3 July 1913), 8

"In Stageland", Evening News (19 July 1913), 6

LYONS, John Christian

Harp player, chemist, journalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852; Beechworth district, VIC, 1857
Died Waterloo, NSW, 13 September 1874, aged 51


"CHEMISTRY", Bathurst Free Press (17 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1853), 2

"WOOLSHED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 October 1857), 2

The opening ball of the Hibernia Hotel came off last evening (Monday) in regular Hibernian style ... The orchestral arrangements were conducted by Mr. Griffith, cornet by Mr. Barlow, and the harp by Mr Lyons. Never did the fantastic toe so lightly fly through the graceful motions of the dance - nor ever was more justice done to the true character of "granuale."

"To the Editor", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 March 1858), 2

"DEATHS", Empire (15 September 1874), 1


Australian family journal (edited by John Christian Lyons) (Sydney: Nos. 1-4, 3-24 July 1852)

LYSTER, Frederick (Fred. LYSTER)

Baritone vocalist, composer, conductor

Born 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Australia, after 1877 (for the United States)
Died ? USA, ? (NLA persistent identifier)

See also his first wife Rosalie DURAND and second wife Minnie WALTON, both singers.



According to his 1882 article, Lyster had spent three years in the navy before embarking on his musical career.


"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (31 December 1877), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1878), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 March 1877), 8

"ROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS", The Argus (29 March 1877), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (23 June 1877), 12

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

"The Original of Trilby. AN AUSTRALIAN STORY", Poverty Bay Herald (28 October 1896), 4

Musical works:

Where the native roses blow ("song & dance  written & composed by Fred Lyster") (Australian musical magazine no. 11 [Melbourne and Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877]) 

Where the native roses blow ("song & dance  written & composed by Fred Lyster And sung by Miss Nellie McHenry, Salsbury's Troubadours") (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877]) 

I wandered by the brookside ("ballad, words by Lord Houghton; Fred Lyster") (Australian musical magazine no. 11 [Melbourne and Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, 1877]) 

Round the world in 80 days: potpourri ("arranged by Fred. Lyster & Tho's. Zeplin; on airs written for this ... drama by Giorza, Zeplin, Fred. Lyster, Mrs. W. S. Lyster, etc.") (Melbourne: Pub. by permission of the Opera House Co. by Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [1877]) 

See also:

Evolution (Philadelphia, 1885)

LYSTER, William Saurin

Opera director, entrepreneur

Born Dublin, Ireland, 21 March 1828
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 27 November 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


See also his wife Georgia HODSON


[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

"DEATH OF MR. W. S. LYSTER", The Argus (29 November 1880), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Sally O'Neill and Thérèse Radic, "Lyster, William Saurin (1828-1880)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

LYTTLETON, William Thomas

Amateur musician

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830s (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (7 January 1836), 2 

On TUESDAY, February 2nd, 1836, AT 11 O'CLOCK PRECISELY, At the residence of W. Lyttleton, Esq., Launceston. the following Household Furniture: ~ FOR THE DRAWING ROOM ... a pianoforte, a fine-toned violoncello, a violin - by FEUDT, a quantity of instrumental music - consisting of quartettos by Mozart, Beethoven, &c; a music stand, and bagatelle board ...

Bibliography and resources:

"William Thomas Lyttleton", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 

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