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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D (Dia-Dz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D (Dia-Dz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 1 October 2020

- D - (Dia-Dz)

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt as yet to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and so far the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in April 2020, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.

DIBDIN, Charles Aleaxander (Charles Alexander DIBDIN)

Amateur pianist, playwright, actor, pharmacist, surgeon

Born London, 6 March 1815; baptised St. Paul's, Covent Garden, 12 November 1815, son of Thomas John DIBDIN and Ann HILLIER; grandson of Charles DIBDIN
Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1841
Acyive Windsor, NSW, by 1846
Died Adelong, NSW, 10 August 1868, "age 43" [53] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 February 1841), 2 

. . . The farce of the "Unfinished Gentleman," is rather a well got up affair. Some of the performers kept up their character sufficiently - particularly Mr. and Mrs. Knowles. Grove acted in his usual spirited manner, and Lee and Simes kept the house in good humour with their genuine comic acting. Mr. Dibdin is one we have no desire, no wish to offend, but we recommend him seriously to return to his natural element; for on the stage he is every thing but "at home;" he should before making his debut, have pondered well on the adage, "Ne sutor ultra crepidem" . . .

"CHARLES DIBDIN", Australasian Chronicle (20 March 1841), 2 

We have great pleasure in announcing that a collection of the most popular songs of thie late celebrated Charles Dibdin it about to be published and edited by his son, Mr. Thomas Dibdin, with a memoir of the author, and illustrated by the highly-talented George Cruikshank and Alfred Crowquill . . . The Tablet.

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 January 1842), 3 

MR. LEE'S BENEFIT, ON MONDAY, the 3rd JANUARY, 1842 . . .
New Comic Duet, written expressly for this occasion by Mr. Charles Dibdin, called
By MR. LEE and his DOG BRUIN . . .

"DEATH OF THOMAS DIBDIN, THE DRAMATIC AUTHOR", The Sydney Herald (19 January 1842), 2 

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 May 1842), 2 

An original Drama in three Acts, founded on a Tale in the Pickwick Papers, and entitled
The Queer Client; or the Avenger.
Written by Mr.C. Dibdin expressly for this Theatre, and produced under the special license of the Honourable the Colonial Secretary . . .

"THE THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (21 May 1842), 2 

A new piece entitled the "Queer Client," founded upon one of Mr. Dickens' episodes in Pickwick, has just been brought out at the Victoria. It is from the pen of a young colonial author, the grandson, we are informed, of the celebrated T. Dibdin. We witnessed the performance of it last night, and are not sorry to say that we dissent altogether from the indiscriminate condemnation which we have elsewhere seen pronounced upon it. Whatever opinion we may have of the ordinary practice of dramatising popular fictions of the day, we cannot in fairness deny that the "Queer Client" is equal to the average of such productions, and superior to very many of them. The writer may yet do greater things. The character of the Queer Client was well sustained by Knowles, and the lawyer Lapwing and his jealous wife were also happy; but we think Mr. Simmons entirely overdid the dealer in "new taties."

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (25 February 1843), 4 

. . . Just published, the Queer Client, by Dibdin, and Salathiel, the Jewish Chieftain, by Knowles . . .

WORKS: Salathiel; or, The Jewish chieftain (Knowles); ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad Knowles; William Baker (publisher)

"WINDSOR . . . COURT OF REQUESTS . . . THE NEW SITTINGS . . . ELLARD v. WHITE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1846), 3 

This was an action brought by the plaintiff, Francis Ellard, music-seller, of Sydney, against Laban White, of Windsor, to recover the sum of £12, for work done to, and materials for, the repair of a pianoforte on the 8th January last, and carriage of same to and from Sydney and Windsor, as per agreement . . .

. . . Witnesses were then called on the part of the plaintiff, who proved that the defendant on the 1st of October agreed with the plaintiff to repair the piano at any expense. The piano had been broken in the room of the United Loyal Hawkesbury Lodge of Odd Fellows, but did not belong to the Lodge. The piano was repaired after being two or three months in hand, and was sent back to Windsor. A witness for the defence swore that he once tuned the same piano, and that he was paid by the Lodge. The reasonableness of the charges for repairing and carriage were proven by several witnesses.

. . . The piano was placed and kept in the lodge room, and on the meetings of the lodge was played upon by Mr. Dibdin (one of the witnesses). It failed, however, by some accident to give its wonted sounds, and it now appeared that instead of being the means of producing the harmony intended, it was the instrument of discord . . .

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (22 August 1868), 2 

The "Yass Courier" writes of Dr. Dibdin : -
"Deceased, who was grandson of the celebrated Charles Dibdin, the nautical lyrist, and son of Thomas Dibdin, also well known in the same line of literature, resided for many years in Sydney, where he was assistant to the late Dr. McKay; in Goulburn, where he kept a chemist's shop; and at Adelong and Gundagai, where he practised as a surgeon. He was an agreeable mid intelligent companion, full of true drollery, and a living depository of anecdote anent music and the stage. Peace be to his manes."

[News], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (9 September 1868), 2 

Mr. C. A. Dibdin, grandson of Charles Dibdin, the celebrated nautical lyrist, has lately died at Adelong. The deceased gentleman was formerly a druggist in this city.


The queer client, a drama in three acts by Charles Dibdin (Sydney: William Baker, 1842) 

See also (at State Records Authority of NSW): 

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Woodfall Ebsworth,‎ "Dibdin, Charles", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), vol. 15,_Charles_(DNB00)

Joseph Woodfall Ebsworth,‎ "Dibdin, Thomas John", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), vol. 15,_Thomas_John_(DNB00)

DICKER, (Thomas) Frederick Hamilton (Thomas Frederic DICKER; Frederick Hamilton DICKER; Frederick HAMILTON; from c. 1856 usually Frederick Dicker HAMILTON)

Tenor vocalist, horn and cornet player, songwriter, litigant, sportsman, journalist

Born Lewes, Sussex, England, 10 March 1823; son of Thomas DICKER (1765-1868) and Martha HAMILTON
Married Margaret Yale HAMELIN, Birkhamsptead, Connecticut, USA, 2 August 1840
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 10 February 1849 (per Candahar from Plymouth)
Sydney, NSW, by September 1853
Died Woollahra, NSW, 11 September 1885, "aged 62" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Thomas Frederic Dicker was born in Lewes, Sussex, on 10 March 1823, a son of Thomas Dicker (1765-1868), banker, and his wife Martha Hamilton.

Aged just 17, on a tour of the United States, he married Margaret Hamelin, at Barkhamsted, Connecticut, on 2 August 1840. He returned with his wife to Lewes, where he worked as a clerk in his father's bank, and, by his own account, had also been a farmer.

In 1848, he and Margaret and 2 children emigrated to South Australia, arriving at Adelaide on the Candahar, on 10 February 1849, from Plymouth. In the colony, he quickly made a name for himself in agricultural and press circles as an enthusiast of horse-races, foot-races, and ploughing matches, as a convivial vocalist and songwriter, and as a working journalist for W. E. Hammond's Adelaide Mercury.

According to Margaret's petition for divorce, filed in Victoria in 1873, they separated about 1851, when Dicker left her and their children at Adelaide, and resettled in Victoria.

There in 1852 and 1853, he again became known as a sportsman and racing enthusiast.

By September 1853 he was in Sydney, now going by the name Frederick Hamilton Dicker. A year later, by then apparently working as a journalist for Bell's life, he published some admiring verses addressed to Catherine Hayes.

He also wrote a set of song lyrics for Hayes to perform at her Sydney charity farewell, in October 1854, set to music by Lewis Lavenu, as Fair land of Australia.

A month later he commenced a short career as a concert singer and cornet player. As Frederick Hamilton Dicker, he formed a concert party with vocalists Flora Harris and Edward Hancock, and pianists Abraham Emanuel and Silvester Diggles, sailing for Moreton Bay in November, and giving concerts in Brisbane and Ipswich. These were later counted as the first professional concerts in (the future colony of) Queensland, presented on the initiative of John Cooling.

Back in New South Wales, in January 1855 Dicker and Harris joined Miska Hauser and pianist William Sigmont on a southern tour to Goulburn, Berrima, and Braidwood, when Dicker for the first time used his mother's maiden name, appearing as Frederick Hamilton.

Famously, Dicker and Harris accused Daniel Deniehy of lèse majesté, claiming that he refused to stand for the national anthem at one or more of their Goulburn concerts.

He last sang with Harris in public at Edward Boulanger's Sydney concert in May 1855.

Back in Victoria in 1856 he permanently adopted the working name of Frederick Dicker Hamilton (or F. D. Hamilton, and Dicker Hamilton), and resumed the sporting and journalistic activities for which he was best known for the remainder of his life.

In her 1873 petition for divorce, his estranged wife claimed that Dicker had incestuously fathered two children by his own daughter, Fanny.

He died in Sydney in 1885.

The colonial missionary and artist Charles William Hamilton Dicker (c. 1855-1912) was his nephew, son of his younger brother the Rev'd Hamilton Eustace Dicker (1829-1868).


Protestant dissenters' birth registry, 1824-1837; Piece 0157, certificate no. 16567, vol. 33 (1837 July 21-31) (PAYWALL)

No. 16567 / dated [31 July 1837] This is to certify . . . that Thomas Frederic the Son of Thomas Dicker of Lewes in the County of Sussex, Banker, and Martha his wife (who was the daughter of The Rev'd Frederick Hamilton of Brighton . . . was born at the house of [his father] in the parish of St. Michael in the Hight Street of Lewes on the tenth day of March 1823 . . .

"AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITIOn . . . THE DINNER", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (24 February 1849), 3 

In the evening about 160 farmers, horticulturists and other gentlemen, partook of an excellent and well got up dinner furnished by Mr. Coppin, of the Auction Mart Tavern . . . The Chairman said he felt rather diffident in proposing the next toast, "The Farmers of South Australia" . . . Song - Mr. Dicker, "If I had but a Thousand a Year" . . .
Song - Mr. Dicker.
Mr. Dicker, a gentleman lately arrived in the Colony, said he was not a farmer in the new country, but he had been so in the old. The speaker made some very judicious observations on the commercial transactions of the United States of America with Great Britain, as regarded growing wheat, and stated his firm conviction that the total grain of this Colony would be consumed by the emigrants which the mother country were determined to send out . . . The speaker concluded by giving "The Working-men of the Colony," which was drunk with the greatest enthusiasm . . .


MUSIC: If I had but a thousand a year (Russell)

"AGRICULTURAL DINNER", Adelaide Times (26 February 1849), 4 

. . . We cannot close our report of the dinner without awarding their due meed of praise to those gentlemen who contributed so much to the company's entertainment by their "vocal music." Mr. Griffiths, in particular, sang several excellent songs with admirable taste; and the melody of his baritone we have not heard surpassed in the colony. Mr. Dicker also gave very good specimens of his talent to enhance legitimate hilarity; whilst Mr. Coppin, with his inimitable comic powers, rendered the most common-place ditty a matter of rich entertainment. Several others were not behind in their usual contributions on such occasions, and the whole proceedings were far less deadened with long leaden speeches, and infinitely more harmonious than the general average of dinner parties . . .

"'WILLUNGA ANNUAL PLOUGHING-MATCH . . . THE DINNER", Adelaide Observer (28 July 1849), 2 

This was prepared and enjoyed with the usual gusto, at the "Bush Inn," where the entertainment testified that we have improved cooks, as well as liberal hosts, in the rural districts ot South Australia . . .
The next toast was - "The Pastoral Interests of South Australia."
Mr. Dicker then sang - "O, had I a thousand a-year" . . .

"MORPHETT VALE PLOUGHING MATCH . . . THE DINNER", South Australian Register (29 August 1849), 1 supplement 

. . . Mr. Samuel Shore presented his thanks for the prize, as also for the medal awarded to him, and hoped that the rising generation would endeavour to keep the medal in Morphett Vale.
The Chairman - That's what we've never done yet.
Mr. Dicker sang of "the good time coming" in a style that drew repeated hearty cheers from the whole company . . .

MUSIC: There's a good time coming (Russell)

. . . The following day (Friday) was devoted to field sports of a different description, namely, horse-races, foot-races, and jumping. At the latter, Mr. Dicker was the conqueror . . .


. . . Song - Mr. Henry Linn, "My ain fireside."
Song - Mr. Dicker, "There's a good time coming," sung with great taste, and much applauded . . .

"THE WILLUNGA ANNUAL PLOUGHING MATCH . . . THE DINNER", Adelaide Times (3 August 1850), 5 

. . . Toast - "The Agricultural and Pastoral interests."
Song - Mr. Dicker . . .
Mr. Dicker on being called upon for a song, proposed singing an extempore effusion of his own, on a political subject. The proposition was met with great disapprobation, and the Chairman requested Mr. Dicker to substitute one less offensive.
Song - Mr. Dicker . . .

"WILLUNGA ANNUAL PLOUGHING MATCH", South Australian (5 August 1850), 2-3 

. . . Mr. Dicker said that he had visited the great corn districts of the United States, both north and south, and had taken much interest in agriculture here . . .

"SPORTING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (7 October 1850), 4 

A foot-race is to come off on the first of next month for a sum not yet fixed, but to be not less than £10 or more than £25, between Mr. F. Dicker and Mr. Baker, watchmaker, of Hindley-street. The agreements, which have been signed, determine that the first-named is to give his opponent six yards in the hundred. This match has been talked of ever since the one ran between Messrs. Dicker and Gowen on the Port-road, and has only been delayed so long from Mr. Dicker refusing to give his antagonist more than five yards' start in a hundred.

"SALISBURY RACES . . . SECOND RACE - STEEPLE CHACE", South Australian Register (28 December 1850), 3 

. . . Mr. Dicker, in the last heat, rode Kieta, but was not likely to win, his fore legs being gone, although he showed well half way round . . .

"COURT PERSEVERANCE OF THE ANCIENT ORDER OF FORESTERS", South Australian Register (2 January 1851), 3 

Yesterday the anniversary of this Court was held at the Freemasons' Tavern; about 60 of the brethren sitting down to a sumptuous dinner . . . after several other toasts were drunk, and songs sung (among the latter being an original song on Forestry, composed by Mr. Dicker daring the evening, and sung by him with great applause) the company separated.

"St. GEORGE'S SOCIETY . . . THE DINNER", Adelaide Times (24 April 1851), 3 

Some characteristic songs having been called, the following was sung by Mr. Dicker: -

For the Dinner of the Saint George's Society, April 23, 1851.
AIR - "Here's a song to the Oak."

Here's a song to St. George, to brave St. George,
Who hath been our Patron long;
May he aye bring renown to the British Crown,
As he's done in years now gone!
He knew no fear
When he passed his spear
Through the Dragon, our forefathers' foe
And that symbol of might,
O'er our warriors in fight,
Waves proudly wherever they go.
Then here's to St. George, to brave St. George,
Who hath been our Patron long;
Victorious may we 'neath his banner be,
When a hundred years are gone . . . [2 more verses] . . .

On the above song being loudly encored, the singer gave the following comic version:-

Written for the Dinner of the St. George's Society April 23.
Air - "What are you going to Stand?"

Societies are now the rage,
You cannot say I'm wrong;
But much they all have bothered me,
As you'll find in this my song.
Experience is not much good,
If bought dirt cheap I know:
And dear I paid to learn in what
Society to go.
Ri too, &c. . . . [7 more verses]

This song was received with great good humour by the members of the St. Andrew's and St. George's Societies present . . . Mesers. Lazar and Coppin are certainly deserving of the thanks of the Society for the most excellent dinner, and arrangements throughout; and nothing during the evening could be found fault with, except the music, which was, indeed, anything but satisfactory, from some unaccountable reason.

MUSIC: The brave old oak (E. J. Loder); What are you going to stand? (tune unidentified)

"YATALA ELECTION DINNER", South Australian Register (19 August 1851), 3 

. . . During the evening the proceedings were greatly enlivened by the superior glee-singing of Messrs. Daniels, Wylde, Chinner, and Burford; and in addition to the comic song by Mr. Fisher, there was another written expressly for the occasion, and sung by Mr. Dicker, which elicited loud applause.

ASSOCIATIONS: Josiah Daniel; George Chinner; Mr. Burford; Mr. Wylde

"LOCAL COURT. ADELAIDE . . . Wednesday, 3rd December . . . CRIMINAL JURISDICTION", Adelaide Observer (6 December 1851), 7 

Thomas Frederick Dicker appeared to the information of Charles John Barry, charged with assaulting him on the 5th ultimo, in Rundle-street. It appeared that complainant was at Schmidt's Hotel on the 5th ult., when the defendant entered and assaulted the complainant by pulling his nose. The Court was of opinion that the assault was very slight, and fined the defendant 1s. with costs.

"PEDESTRIANISM", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (5 February 1852), 2 

We perceive that a challenge has been sent to our town-man, Mr. Manuell, by Mr, Dicker, of Adelaide, who assumes the nom de guerre of the Adelaide Stag, to run him one hundred and twenty yards for £200 a side. Mr. Dicker's powers are well known and appreciated by his own fellow-colonists, but there is little doubt that he will find rather more than his match in tacking Mr. Manuell, who has already won many races here, and was never yet beaten at the distance . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald [NSW] (1 September 1853), 5

PUBLIC NOTICE. - The public are respectfully requested to take notice that Mr. F. H. DICKER is not connected with the above-named journal.

"TO THE SWAN OF ERIN, MISS CATHERINE HAYES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (30 September 1854), 3 

Sweet birdling of Erin, - oh, wing not thy flight
Ere yet not half warbled thy beauteous song;
Still tarry among us, still add fresh delight
To the rapture thy presence alone can prolong!
For the joy becomes pain, when the list'ner is fearing
Each moment the last of thy dulcet strains hearing,
Sweet birdling of Erin . . . [2 more verses] . . .

F. H. D.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1854), 1

Miss CATHARINE HAYES has the honour to announce that she will give a GRAND CONCERT, THIS EVENING,
October 17th, 1854, the nett proceeds of which will be given in aid of the Destitute Children's Asylum of this city . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . SONG - "A Tribute to Australia" - (written expressly for this occasion by F. H. Dicker, and music composed by M. Lavenu) - MISS CATHARINE HAYES . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Hayes (vocalist); Lewis Lavenu (composer, pianist)

"MISS HAYES' CHARITY FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1854), 5


"A TRIBUTE TO AUSTRALIA", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (21 October 1854), 4 

Written for Miss Catherine Hayes, by Mr. Frederick Hamilton Dicker of (Bell's Life.) Music composed by Mr. Lavenue.

Such is the title of three verses, (each containing eight lines,) which were vended at the theatre on Tuesday night, price two-pence each; arithmetically speaking, sixpence for the lot. This is cheap enough in all conscience. The attic poets of the Seven Dials, Catnach's own staff, it is true, could furnish three yards of rhyme for one halfpenny, but what comparison can be justly instituted between these Ragged School doggrel-ists, and the gilt-edged paper sublimities of Mr. Frederick Hamilton Dicker, Laureate of the Belle? We affirm with confidence that Byron in his most mysterious moods, and Moore in his happiest moments never threw off anything which bore the slightest resemblance to the "Tribute to Australia" . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (3 November 1854), 1 


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier [Brisbane, NSW (QLD)] (4 November 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (11 November 1854), 3 

JOHN COOLING HAS much pleasure in announcing the undermentioned Artistes to his series of Concerts, on
Monday - November 20
Wednesday - " 22
Friday - " 24
MISS FLORA HARRIS, The celebrated cantatrice, from Sydney.
MR. F. H. DICKER, From the English Opera House, London.
MR. E. HANCOCK, From the Royal Victoria Theatre
MR. A. EMANUEL, Pianist and Conductor . . .

"MORETON BAY. BRISBANE, NOVEMBER 8", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 4

Mr. Cooling of this place has made arrangements for getting up a series of three concerts, on a very superior scale, which will take place during the assizes. He has engaged the services of Miss Flora Harris, and Messrs. F. H. Dicker, E. Hancock, and Mr. E. Emanuel, of Sydney. The last named gentleman is to act as pianist and conductor. The programme is not yet published, but I understand the selections will be of a very attractive kind. Mr. Cooling deserves the thanks of this community for his endeavours to procure for them a description of amusement which promises to be of a kind of excellence to which they have been little accustomed. Refined amusements of this character, which are at once harmless and attractive, have ever been reckoned among the most civilising of instruments, and here, where as yet they have never been introduced, their effect must be proportionably powerful, and will, we have little doubt, meet with the most extensive patronage. This is requisite indeed to indemnify Mr. Cooling, for the bare expenses and trouble he has been at, in concocting and perfecting all the arrangements, which, as may be well believed, have required the outlay of a considerable sum of money. There can be little doubt however, that the undertaking will meet with the success which it merits, and fur more than reimburse his outlay.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Moreton Bay Courier (25 November 1854), 2 

Nov. 19. Boomerang, Steamer, 360 tons, O'Reilly, from Sydney, 16th inst. Passengers - Mr. Justice Therry . . . Mr. Edward Mr. Hancock, Mr. Dicker, Mr. Emanuel . . . Mr. Diggles . . . Miss Flora Harris . . .

"MR. COOLING'S CONCERTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (25 November 1854), 2 

. . . Mr. Dicker's performances on the Cornet and Post horn were much applauded, as were also the duett "We come to thee Savoy," by this gentleman and Mr. Hancock, and the Laughing trio "Vadasi via di qua," by Miss Harris, Mr. Dicker and Mr. Hancock.

MUSIC: We come to thee Savoy (Glover); Vadasi via di qua (Martini)

"IPSWICH", The Moreton Bay Courier (2 December 1854), 2

. . . business dull, - and the aspect of the town even duller, there being nobody here at all, except ourselves . . . Miss Flora Harris and company have come at a wrong time, but I believe they will not have need to complain of their reception by the inhabitants of Ipswich . . . The entertainment commenced with a glee, which was succeeded by the "White Squall," sung by Mr. Hancock. There was a ballad by Miss Harris; a duet, "I know a Bank," by Messrs. Hancock and Dicker; a performance on the Horn, by Mr. Dicker, with a little obligation [sic] on the Piano by Miss Harris. There was also the powerful duet of "What are the Wild Waves saying?" In the after part of the performance Mr. Hancock was loudly applauded in "Hurrah for the Red and the Blue." Miss Harris was most enthusiastically encored in "The Wishing Gate," which she sang extremely well. "Mr. and Mrs. Bell," and Martini's celebrated laughing glee, "Vadasi via di qua" were enjoyed, applauded, and encored. Mr. Diggles had a good instrument, and played well upon it . . .

MUSIC: I know a bank (Horn)

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (2 December 1854), 3 

Part I.
Glee - The Winds Whistle Cold - Bishop
Cavatina - Summer - Miss F. Harris - Blockley
Scena - My Boyhood's Home - Mr. Hancock - Rooke
Duet - Time Hath not Thinned - Miss Flora Harris and Mr. Dicker - Jackson
Cornet Solo - The Peace of the Valley - Mr. Dicker - Balfe
Song - The Wishing Gate - Miss Flora Harris - Sporle
National Song - Unfurl the Flag - Mr. Hancock - Blockley
Ballad - Ben Bolt - Mr. Dicker.
Duet - I've Wandered in Dreams - Miss F. Harris & Mr. Hancock - Wade
Trio - This Magic Wove Scarf, (from the Opera of "the Mountain Sylph") - Barnett
Part II.
Glee - Hail Smiling Morn - Spofforth
Ballad - The Irish Emigrant - Miss Flora Harris - Barker
National Song (with chorus) - Hurrah! for the Red and the Blue - Mr. Hancock - Coote
Comic Duet - Mr. and Mrs. Bell - Miss Flora Harris and Mr. Hancock - Nelson
Ballad - My Pretty Jane - Mr. Dicker - Bishop
Song - I Should like to Marry - Miss Flora Harris - Craven
Cornet Solo - The Standard Bearer - Mr. Dicker - Lindpainter
Tyrolean Duett - We Come to Thee Savoy - Mr. Dicker & Mr. Hancock - Glover
Laughing Trio - Vadasi via di qua - Martini
Finale - God Save the Queen - (Solo Duet and Chorus.)

[Advertisement], Empire (12 January 1855), 1 

MISKA HAUSER bas the honour to announce that he will, in compliance with the urgent request of the leading families in Goulburn and vicinity, give a GRAND CONCERT, at the above place, on TUESDAY next, January 16th.
MISKA HAUSER will, on this occasion, be assisted by Miss FLORA HARRIS, F. H. DICKER, and other artists.
For particulars see large bills.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (13 January 1855), 3 

MISKA HAUSER, the celebrated Hungarian Violinist . . . At the Commercial Hotel, On TUESDAY Evening, Jan. 16 . . . assisted by MISS FLORA HARRIS, MR. FRED. HAMILTON, and other artistes . . .

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (20 January 1855), 2 

Programme - Part I . . .
Ballad - (from the Bohemian Girl) - "When other lips" - Mr. F. HAMILTON . . .
Duet - "As it fell upon a day" - Miss FLORA HARRIS and Mr. F. HAMILTON.
Post-Horn galop - (by desire) as performed by Herr Koenig - Mr. F. HAMILTON . . .
Part II . . .
Irish Ballad - "The Irish Emigrant" - Mr. F. HAMILTON . . .
Buffo Duet - (by desire) - Mr. and Mrs. Bell - Miss FLORA HARRIS and Mr. F. HAMILTON.
Cornet Solo - Suona la Tromba - Mr. F. HAMILTON . . .

[Daniel Deniehy], "MATTERS MUSICAL - THE HUNGARlAN AND THE TURK", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (27 January 1855), 4 

. . . MISKA HAUSER, the celebrated Hungarian violinist, gave his first concert on Tuesday evening and his second on Thursday. He was assisted by Miss Flora Harris and Mr. Frederick Hamilton, Mr. Sigmont conducting at the piano-forte . . . Mr. Frederick Hamilton sang "A Health to the Outward Bound" with great spirit on Tuesday. His "O Summer Night" from Don Pasquale, was, despite the jokes of some individuals sprinkled at the bottom of the saloon, in the shape of valedictory echoes of the "good night" of the serenade, given with considerable taste and judgment, and in the duet "Mr. and Mrs. Bell," he evinced much genuine humour . . .

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (3 February 1855), 1 


"BRAIDWOOD. FEBRUARY 5TH. - MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 February 1855), 3 

This accomplished violinist gave three concerts in the town of Braidwood, on the evenings of the days upon which the races were held, and considering the smallness of our community, and the fact that this was the first concert ever held in the district, the attendance was both large and highly respectable - indeed patronised by all the leading families in the district, and evincibly proving the refined taste and desire to encourage the highest of accomplishments, musical talent, by the inhabitants in general . . . Mr. F. Hamilton . . . in the "Buffo duet," with Miss Harris, of "Mr. and Mrs. Bell," was well received. Nor must we omit to confer our warmest praise to Signior Sigmont, who presided at the pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1855), 1 

MR. BOULANGER'S Concert, THIS EVENING, at the New Concert Hall . . .
assisted by the Nelson Family, Miss Flora Harris, Mrs. St. John Adcock, Mme. Gautrot, Mr. Banks, and Mr. Hamilton.
Conductor, Mr. William Stanley . . .
PROGRAMME - PART I . . . 9. Duet - "I've wandered in Dreams" - Miss Flora Harris and Mr. Hamilton - Wade . . .
PART II . . . 7. Trio - "The Magic-wove Scarf" - Miss Flora Harris. Mr. F. Hamilton, and Mr. Banks - Barnett . . .

"SUPREME COURT. Monday (Before the full Court) DENIHY V. D'ARCY AND ANOTHER", Freeman's Journal (28 July 1855), 9 

. . . Mr. Darvall proceeded to show cause. The applicant's affidavit was read stating the libellous matter complained of, to the effect that Mr. Denihy had absconded from Sydney after victimising dupes, and also an additional libel written after the action for the first and purporting to be a report of the trial, in which he was designated "a libel on humanity;" and denying that on any occasion he sat with his hat on at a concert during the playing or singing of the National Anthem, or that on any occasion he called it damnable and blasphemous trash, or damnable trash, or blasphemous trash.

In answer to this there were, first an affidavit from Frederick Hamilton Dicker, one of those engaged in the concert referred to. He swore he saw Mr. Denihy sitting at the concert during ihe National Anthem with his hat on, and that he applied to the deponent to expunge the National Anthem out of the programme of the concert, and that subsequently he abused it at an hotel before many persons, and again at supper in Captain Plunkett's rooms; Captain Zouch asked deponent to sing the National Anthem, and then Denihy threatened to leave the room if the National Anthem was sung.

The second affidavit was by Flora Harris, who deposed that Denihy was present with a clerk or partner of his named Doak, when the latter applied to her to omit the National Anthem, and she heard Denihy call it, in speaking to Doak, infernal damnable trash; and she saw him, on one occasion, sit with his hat on, and on another occasion take up his hat and leave the room. She believed the critique was detrimental to her professionally, and was written, in consequence of her refusal to comply with the request to omit the National Anthem.

His Honor the Chief Justice remarked, there was no ground whatever for the allegation that the critique was unfair much less malignant . . .

"THE LITTLE PERJURY CASE", Bell's Life in Sydney (4 August 1855), 2

On Thursday last, the Police Court was thronged to hear the proceedings instituted by Mr. Daniel Henry Deniehy, gentleman, one, &c., residing at Goulburn, against Miss Flora Harris, a lady of considerable vocal attainments, and Mr. Frederick Hamilton Dicker, on an information filed by the said Deniehy, charging the said persons with wilful and corrupt perjury. Miss Harris, accompanied by her father, and Mr. Darcy, of the Freeman's Journal office, appeared on the floor of the Court. The other defendant failing to appear on his name being called, an application was made for a warrant for his apprehension, which was granted. Mr. James Martin appeared to prosecute . . .

. . . He stated that some months since, Miska Hauser and Miss Flora Harris gave a series of Concerts at Goulburn: after which, a critique, written by the prosecutor in the present case, appeared in the Goulburn Herald, and subsequently a criticism on that critique appeared in the Freeman's journal, which was of so libellous a character on the prosecutor, as to necessitate him to commence an action against the proprietors of that paper, which resulted in a verdict in his favor, with damages to the amount of 40s. Subsequent to the trial, the Freeman's Journal republished the original libel in the report of the trial, with the exception of the last two lines. Mr. Deniehy afterwards applies to the Supreme Court for a rule nisi, calling on the publisher and proprietor of the Freeman's Journal to show cause why a criminal information should not be filed against them for a libel on himself.

Certain affadavits were filed in response, mongst them were those of the present defendant (Miss Flora Harris) and of Mr. Dicker, who had failed to appear . . . One of the affidavits sworn to by Miss Flora Harris, set forth that at nearly the termination of one of the concerts, and previous to the National Anthem being sung, Deniehy took up his hat, and said to [his clerk, Mr. A. W.] Doak, "Come along; don't let us stay to listen to such damnable infernal trash."

. . . [Deniehy] denied the truth of the affidavit made; he denied he that [he] had ever spoken of the National Anthem as "damnable and infernal trash". Witness had his own opinion about the National Anthem, but never expressed it either to Doak or any one else . . . had Miss Harris heard the words uttered they must have been heard by every person in the room . . . Henry Zouch deposed that he is a Magistrate of the territory and Commandant of the Patrol on the Southern Road; attended all of Miska Hauser's concerts in Goulburn, with the exception of one; on every occasion of visiting them saw Mr. Deniehy there; never heard him express an opinion respecting the National Anthem . . . witness was there to watch Mr. Deniehy; a watch was kept on him; it was expected that he would be kicked out of the concert room, as it had been the talk of the town that he had sat down at a concert given by Alle Ben Sou Alli [sic] while the National Anthem was being sung . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1855), 4

"ALLEGED PERJURY", Bell's Life in Sydney (11 August 1855), 3

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 5

"TO CORRESPONDENTS . . . ALPHA AND OMEGA", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (8 September 1855), 2 

This is the only way in which we can answer so many questions upon the same point. If the Adelaide Stag, alias Frederick Hamilton Dicker, received from each and every one of you, £1, for a Publicans' Purse, to be run for at the last Homebush Meeting; we can only say, that we have never heard that the subscriptions reached the hands, or were applied, to the purposes, for which they were intended . . .

"LOLA MONTES AT BALLAARAT", Bendigo Advertiser (23 February 1856), 3 

. . . I appeal to Mr. Gibbs, to Mr. Dicker Hamilton, to Mr. Crosby, and to many others, if this is not true . . .

Petition for divorce, Margaretta Yale Dicker, to the Supreme Court of Victoria, 28 August 1873; Public Rceords Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

I Margaretta Yale Dicker of Llanelly in the Colony of Victoria, publican make oath and say
(1) That I and the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker were married on the second day of August one thousand eight hundred and forty at Berkhampstead in the State of Connecticut in the United States of America
(2) That I am of the age of fifty years and was born at Wallingford in the said State of Connecticut and am now domiciled in the said Colony of Victoria
(3) That the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker is of the age of fifty two years or thereabouts and was born at Lewes in the County of Sussex in England and is now domiciled in the said Colony of Victoria . . . (5) That the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker before his marriage with me and for some time after our said marriage was a Clerk in his father's Band at Lewes aforesaid and since the arrival of myself and the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker in Australia in or about the year [1850] he has carried on no regular business but has gained a precarious means of livelihood by frequenting horse races.
(6) That there have been issue of the said marriage two children and son and a daughter and no more namely Claude Hamilton Dicker who was born at Lewes aforesaid on or about the eighteenth day of January [1847] and Fanny St. George Dicker who was born at Adelaide in the colony of South Australia on the twenty fourth day of April [1851] and who are both now living.
(7) That I and the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker cohabited together from our said marriage until the year [1851] or thereabouts when the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker left me at Adelaide aforesaid for the purpose of going to Melbourne where he has ever since resided . . .
(9) That for the last three years or therabouts the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker and his said daughter Fanny St. George Dicker have lived together as many and wife at the residence of the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker in Hanover Street Fitzroy and on divers occasions during such period the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker has committed incestuous adultery with the said Fanny St. George Dicker and there are now living with the said Frederick Hamilton Dicker and Fanny St. George Dicker two children the issue of such incestuous adultery . . .
Sworn at Llanelly . . . this 28th Day of August A. D. 1873 . . .

"Notes and Notions. BY "VIGILANT." A VETERAN OF THE TURF. Mr. F. Dicker Hamilton", Sportsman (16 September 1885), 1 

Who amongst racing men did not know cheery, chatty Dicker Hamilton, whose presence in the paddock at Randwick and Flemington will this spring be missed for the first time during the past decade? Well set up, nattily dressed, the gentlemanly semi-sporting and soldier-like figure must have been familiar to every regular race-goer in Australia. Better known to the outside sporting public as a racy writer under the nom de plume of "Nimrod's Ghost" and "Tout Cela," Mr. Hamilton for many years contributed to the sporting Press of Australia, and his death, which occurred at Sydney last week, has severed another link 'twixt the sportsmen of the old school and the present period.

Born near Brighton, in Sussex, about the year 1819, Fred. Dicker as a boy soon towered above his fellows in almost every department of outdoor sports; at running, leaping, prisoners' base, and cricket he was facile princeps - the champion of the school. At Cambridge - for Dicker was a 'Varsity man - he established for himself a reputation as the crack bat and oarsman of his college, and when, about the year 1851, he landed in South Australia, he was probably the best all round amateur athlete in Australia. Old sporting men well remember how easily, under the nom de course of "The Adelaide Stag," he won a score of foot races, and was at last beaten by a crack pedestrian named Manuel, on the St. Kilda-road, in a match for a couple of handled a-side. After sojourning some years in Victoria, Mr. Hamilton crossed the straits and settled in Tasmania, where for several years he contributed to Bell's Life - the first sporting journal, I believe, published in Australia; and in the little island he soon gained for himself the respect and esteem in which he has always been held by all racing men. In New Zealand, whither he travelled some twenty years back, he commenced to take an active part in horse racing, and himself rode and owned some of the best steeplechasers that ever took a fence in Maoriland. As clerk of the course to the Victoria Racing Club at Flemington, a position he occupied for some years, Mr. Hamilton renewed his acquaintance with the Victorian racing world, and I am told he invariably made a practice of following a steeplechase field home across country, taking the fences some little distance behind the last horse.

For the past few years fortune had not smiled kindly on the subject of this little sketch, he raving been particularly unlucky in racing and other speculations; but, no matter how low his own pocket might have been, Mr. Hamilton, who was charity personified, always contrived to find half-a-crown for one or other of the "pensioners" - men whom he had known in better circumstances . . .

In three prominent Sydney racing men - the Hons. John Eales and E. K. Cox, and Mr. Andrew Town - he had three staunch friends, only one of whom (Mr. Eales) has survived him . . .

Nearly fifty years back Mr. Hamilton served as an officer in the Austrian army, in which capacity he more than once "smelt powder. An ardent Conservative from his birth, he, when a, resident of Geelong some years since, took a prominent part in electioneering matters, and rigidly opposed anything approaching radicalism. For the last year or so Mr. Hamilton's health was gradually breaking, and, now that the end has come, his widow and children are altogether unprovided for. A inscription on their behalf has been opened in Sydney . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1885), 651 

HAMILTON. - September 11, at his residence, Spicer-street, Woollahra, F. Dicker Hamilton, aged 62 years.

1905, Marriages solemnized in the district of Newtown; St. Stephen's, Newtown, Sydney Anglican Diocese^Ema18941908-00162 (PAYWALL)

1267 / 16th January Newtown / Alfred Eustace Hamilton / Bachelor / [born] Victoria / Caretaker / [Age] 33 / [parents] Frederick Dicker Hamilton, Editor [and] Fanny Watkins . . .
Eliza Jane Rogers / Spinster / Victoria / Home Duties / 26 . . .

"IN THE 50'S. MUSIC IN BRISBANE. FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (17 September 1929), 1

Musical works:

Fair land of Australia (1854)

Fair land of Australia! a tribute to Australia, written expressly for Miss Catherine Hayes, by F. H. Dicker, and sung at her farewell concert in Sydney, given for the benefit of the Destitute Children's Asylum, the music composed by L. Lavenu (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co, [1854) (DIGITISED)

Fair land of Australia composed by L. Lavenu; words by F. H. Dicker; performed by Amy Moore (voice) and Luca Warburton (piano), 2019; Sydney Living Museums, in collaboration with Sydney Conservatorium of Music, University of Sydney (STREAMED SOUND)


Musician, guitar teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854; Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 October 1854), 3

MR. DIETRICH has some hours free to give LESSONS in playing the GUITAR. Addresses may be left at Mr. Eymer's, Hindley-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1855), 8 

MR. DIETRICH has some hours free to give lessons in the German Language and in playing the Guitar, 63 Bourke street. Shooting Gallery.


Band-leader, manager

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 9 May 1855 (per August from Hamburg, 16 January) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (10 May 1855), 2

Wednesday, May 9 - The barque August, 365 tons, T Meyer, master, from Hamburg January 16. Mocatta, Port, Amsberg, Town agents. Passengers . . . Conrade and Wilhelm Brill; Wilhelm and Maria Martin; Heinrich, Gebhard, and Rike Weichman . . . Heinrich, Johanna, Christine, and August Dietrich . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 May 1855), 3

The celebrated BAND, newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg,
respectfully announce to the public generally that they will give a GRAND CONCERT
on Friday, the 18th of May, at the above Hotel.
"Sehnsucht nach Austrilien," March - H. Weichmann.
"Chir de Rosenberg," Donizetti - Herren Martin and W. Brill.
Grand Polonnaise, "Remembrance" - H. Weichmann.
"Potpourri," from the Opera "Der Freischutz."
"The Wave," Walce [waltz] - H. Weichmann.
Cavatina, from the Opera "Lucrecia Borgia," Donizetti.
"Willkommen un Grunen," Walce [waltz] - Labitzky.
Doors open at 7 o'clock p.m. Admission tickets 2s. 6d. each.
Only a few Concerts will take place during their stay here.

MUSICAL SOIREE. - The New GERMAN BRASS BAND, just arrived from Hanover,
will have the honour of giving a CONCERT, This Evening (Wednesday), 16th May, at the HAMBURG HOTEL,
to commence at 7 o'clock. Leader, Herr Dietrich.

DIGGLES, Silvester (Silvester DIGGLES; Sylvester DIGGLES; also DIGGLE [sic])

Musician, teacher, piano tuner, artist

Born Liverpool, England, 24 January 1817; baptised St. Mark's, Liverpool, 5 March 1817, son of Edward Holt DIGGLES and Elizabeth SILVESTER
Married (1) Eliza BRADLEY (d. 1857), Lancashire, England, 22 May 1839
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 November 1853 (per William Ernst, from Liverpool, 4 June)
Arrived (1) Brisbane, NSW (QLD), November 1854 Arrived (2) Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 29 January 1855 (per Souvenir, from Sydney, with family to settle)
Married (2) Albina BIRKETT (1818-1892), NSW (QLD), 26 January 1858
Died Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, QLD, 21 March 1880, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

DIGGLES, Eliza Robina (Eliza Robina DIGGLES; Elizabeth; Miss DIGGLES)

Teacher of piano and harmonium

Born Wirral, Cheshire, 1840 (4th quarter); daughter of Silvester DIGGLES and Eliza Robina BRADLEY
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 November 1853 (per William Ernst, from Liverpool, 4 June, with family)
Arrived Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 29 January 1855 (per Souvenir, from Sydney, with family)
Died Kangaroo Point, QLD, 31 December 1917, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DIGGLES, Fanny Louisa (Fanny DIGGLES; Miss F. DIGGLES; Mrs. Edward Alfred STRAHAN)

Amateur vocalist (member Brisbane Choral Society)

Born Tranmere, Cheshire, 1845 (4th quarter)
Married Edward Alfred STRAHAN (c. 1840-1900), QLD, 1877
Died Brisbane, QLD, 11 March 1917

Silvester Diggles, c. 1870s; National Library of Australia

Silvester Diggles, c. 1870s; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)


Diggles and his wife and three children arrived in Sydney, from Liverpool, England, in November 1853.

During his first year in the colony he worked as a piano tuner for the musicseller, William Johnson.

He first went to the future colony of Queensland in November 1854, with Flora Harris's concert party, to gives concerts at Brisbane and Ipswich.

Deciding to settle, he returned to Sydney in December to collect his family, and they all arrived back in Brisbane on 29 January 1855.

Having founded the Brisbane Choral Society, Diggles's vocal quartette Child of the sun was included on the program of its first concert in May 1859. In October, The Morton Bay Courier printed some new lyrics to be sung to the tune of Henry Bishop's Home Sweet Home, described as a "new version composed for the Brisbane Choral Society", and which was sung in public in November. At least some of the music of this arrangement (and much other music besides) survives in a lithographed partbook, originally sung from by Diggles's daughter Fanny, now in a private collection, the setting harmonised by Diggles, and the words by Theophilus Pugh (see Fisher 2009 below):

. . . Home, home, Sweet, sweet home;
We love thee dear Queensland our new southern home.

Diggles's greatest work, non-musical, is his pioneering Ornithology of Australia, published in 1866. In 1868 he also composed a Welcome ode for the visiting prince Alfred.

Brisbane Choral Society alto partbook, 1859; Fanny Diggles's name on cover, and Slivester Diggles's arrangement of Bishop's Home sweet home

Brisbane Choral Society alto partbook, 1859; "Fanny Diggles" on cover, and Diggles's arrangement of Bishop's Home sweet home (see Fisher 2009 below)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Liverpool, St. Mark's Church . . . in the year 1817; Liverpool City Council (PAYWALL)

[born] [1817] Jan'y 24th / No. 67 / March 5th / Silvester son of / Edw'd Holt & Elizabeth / Diggles / Liverpool / Ironmonger . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Tranmere, Cheshire; UK National Archives. HO 107/2175 (PAYWALL)

Clifton Park / Silvester Diggles / Head / 34 / Organist, Teacher of Music and Drawing & Artist / [born] L'pool Lancashire
Eliza Diggles / Wife / 35 / - L'pool Lancashire
Robina Diggles / Dau / 10 / Scholar at home / Cheshire, Birkenhead
Robert Diggles / Son / 8 / [Scholar at home] / [Cheshire], Tranmere // Fanny 5 . . .

"Sydney News. SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (16 November 1853), 2 

11.- Willem Ernst, Dutch barque, 407 tons, Captain J B. Doornik, from Liverpool the 4th June. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Mortius and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Diggles and 3 children, and Mrs. Stynhorf.

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (20 November 1854), 230 

November 16. - Boomerang (s.), 400 tons, Captain H. O'Reilly, for Moreton Bay. Passengers - His Honor Justice Therry . . . Messrs. . . . Hancock, T. H. Dicker, A. Emanuel . . . Diggles . . . Miss Flora Harris . . . and 7 in the steerage.

ASSOCIATIONS: Roger Therry (judge); in Flora Harris's concert party, Edward Hancock, Frederick Dicker, Abraham Emanuel

"IPSWICH", The Moreton Bay Courier (2 December 1854), 2

. . . Miss Flora Harris and company have come at a wrong time, but I believe they will not have need to complain of their reception by the inhabitants of Ipswich . . . Mr. Diggles had a good instrument, and played well upon it . . .

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (9 December 1854), 3 

MR. DIGGLES BEGS to acknowledge the liberality and kindness of the inhabitants of Brisbane and Ipswich, and to state that, on his return to Sydney, he proposes relinquishing the service of Mr. W. C. Johnson [recte W. J. Johnson], by whom he has been engaged as tuner of Piano Fortes, for the last 13 months: and during which period he has had the sole and entire management of that department. From the experience he has had of the requirements of this important portion of the colony, he is induced to make it in future his permant abode, and to shortly remove to Brisbane, when he intends the teaching Music and Drawing, as well as business of Tuning and Repairing Piano Fortes. He will also take Miniatures by the photographic process, and in other and more Artistic styles.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . DEPARTURES", The Moreton Bay Courier (9 December 1854), 2 

[Dec.] 9 - Boomerang, steamer, 360 tons, O'Reilly, for Sydney. Passengers - . . . Mr. Hancock, Mr. Diggles, Mr. Dicker . . . Miss Harris . . .

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . ARRIVALS", The Moreton Bay Courier (3 February 1855), 2 

[Jan. 29] Souvenir, schooner, 70 tons, Cox, from Sydney. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Diggles, and family.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (17 February 1855), 4 

BEGS to announce his arrival in Brisbane, and that he has become a resident there for the purpose of teaching the PIANO FORTE, SINGING and DRAWING, in a variety of styles.
He will also undertake the Tuning, Regulating, &c., of Piano Fortes in the district, and trusts that the satisfaction he was able to give in his former visit, will be a sufficient guarantee for his capabilities.
Piano Fortes, Organs, Harmoniums, Flutinas, &c., tuned and kept in order, by the year, if required.
Miniature Likenesses taken, in a variety of styles.
Address. - Elizabeth-street, nearly behind the Store of Mr. Skyring.

"COOLING'S CONCERTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (9 June 1855), 2 

. . . At the close of the performances on Tuesday evening, Mr. Howard came forward and returned thanks, announcing that they were about to proceed to Ipswich, and would again appear at the School of Arts on Thursday next, not as Ethiopian Serenaders, but in their own proper colour, when they would be assisted by Mr. Diggles in a variety of songs, duetts, &c. We think this a wise resolution, and hope that it will be patronised . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Howard's Serenaders; George B. Mason alias Howard; John Cooling

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (22 December 1855), 3 

SINGING CLASS, ON THE Hullah System ! ! !
MR. DIGGLES INTENDS in a few weeks if a sufficient number of Pupils can be collected, to form a SINGING CLASS, on the above admirable system.
They will meet one evening in each week, in the Church of England School Room, which has been kindly placed at Mr. D.'s disposal by the Rev. Mr. Yeatman.
Terms to be paid in advance, one guinea per quarter.
An early application necessary as no pupil can be admitted after the commencement of the course.
Fortitude Valley, Dec. 15.


"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (3 May 1856), 2 

This Society was formed at a meeting convened for the purpose, held in the School of Arts, on Thursday evening last, W. A. Duncan, Esq., in the chair. Twelve members were enrolled, and Mr. Diggles appointed leader. The subscription is ten shillings per quarter. A Committee, consisting ot Messrs. Duncan, Brookes, and Dr. Bardon, was appointed to draw up rules, &c., for its management.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Augustine Duncan

"SCHOOL OF ARTS MUSIC CLASS", The Moreton Bay Courier (2 August 1856), 2 

The vocal music class, under the experienced and competent direction of Mr. Diggles, is making rapid progress. The members seem, for the most part, to go into the science heartily; and in a short time, to judge from appearances, Brisbane will be able to supply, from its own residents, the talents natural and acquired, for a respectable concert. We are glad to bear testimony to the pains taken by Mr. Diggles in this class, and have no doubt but that his labour will be yet more fully appreciated.

"ENTOMOLOGY", The Moreton Bay Courier (18 April 1857), 2 

We are informed that Mr. Diggles will shortly give a series of lectures in the School of Arts on the very interesting science of Entomology; the first will be delivered in about a fortnight. These lectures will be illustrated by large coloured diagrams and drawings made on the spot, upon the black board behind the platform. They will be made as popular and free from technicalities as possible, and the endeavour of the lecturer will be to render the subject as intelligible and pleasing as possible. A programme of each lecture will be issued previously to its taking place. The funds derived from these lectures will be appropriated (by the permission of the Committee) to the purchase of a pianoforte for the use of the School of Arts.

"LECTURE ON ENTOMOLOGY", The Moreton Bay Courier (9 May 1857), 2 

"DIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (22 August 1857), 2 

On the morning of the 18th instant, Eliza, the beloved wife of Mr. Silvester Diggles, artist and musician of this town. Her illness was long and painful, but borne with great fortitude and Christian resignation. The deceased was youngest daughter of Mr. John Bradley, classic tutor and lecturer on Natural Philosophy, of Windsor, Liverpool, sister of the Rev. W. Bradley, M. A., rural dean and rector of Nether Whitacre, in the county of Warwick, and also of Edward Bradley, surgeon of Windemere, Westmoreland.

[Advertisement], The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (15 December 1857), 2 

AT THE IPSWICH MUSIC HALL, Near the Steam Packet Hotel. FOR THREE NIGHTS ONLY. On Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, Evenings, the 15th, 16th, and 17th of December, 1857 . . .
Mr. Diggles will preside at the Piano-Forte . . . GEORGE WARREN, Agent.

"MISKA HAUSER'S GRAND CONCERT", The Moreton Bay Courier (6 January 1858), 2 

. . . The overture, consisting of a piano-forte duett ("II flauto magico") from Mozart, was well played by Messrs. Packer and Diggles, who were loudly applauded . . . The glee, "When would a mortal," was sung by Madame Flower, Mr. Diggles, and a gentleman whose name we did not ascertain; great applause followed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miska Hauser; Sara Flower

"MARRIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (27 January 1858), 2

At Kangaroo Point, by the Rev. T. Mowbray, Silvester Diggles, Professor of Music, &c., to Albina, third daughter of John Birkett, Esq., of Barnby in the Willows, Nottinghamshire.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (12 January 1859), 3 

PIANO FORTES. ON SALE or HIRE, several Instruments. Terms moderate. Apply to S. DIGGLES, Professor of Music, Kangaroo Point.

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (15 January 1859), 2 

The first practice of the Brisbane Choral Society, conductor, Mr. S. Diggles, took place on Thursday evening last, and was very well attended, there being over 50 singers, of whom the larger proportion were females. The chorus of "God save the Queen" was practiced in four parts, and another piece of a lively character commenced. The body of tone gave promise of something really good being produced, when the Society has had a few steady practices, It is earnestly hoped that the members will be regular in their attendance, and punctual to the hour named, half-past seven, each Thursday evening.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 May 1859), 3

Medley overture on the harmonium - DIGGLES
Chorus - "Hail the merry month of May" - WEBER
Choral Glee - "Fair Flora decks" - DANBY
Duett - "What are the wild waves saying?" - GLOVER
Chorus - "Oe'r the wavy ocean" - ROSSINI
Trio - "Breathe soft ye winds" - PAXTON
- - "Huntsman's chorus" - WEBER
Round - "How great is the pleasure?" - HARRINGTON
Trio and Chorus - "Ye Gentletuon of England" - CALLOOTT
Instrumental performances - Airs from Lucia
Chorus - "Lutzon's wild hunt" - WEBER
Solo Duott and Chorus - "Auld lang Syne" - SCOTCH
Glee - "Sleep, gentle lady" - BISHOP
Chorus - "See the conquering hero" - HANDEL
Quartette - "Child of the Sun" - DIGGLES
Choral Glee - "See our oars with feathered spray" - STEVENSON
Trio - "The Wreath" - MAZZINGHI
Solo and Chorus - "The Marseillaise" - ROUGET DE LISLE
Solo, Duett; Trio, and Chorus - "GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!"
S. DIGGLES, Conductor.
Doors to be open at Half-past Seven - to commence at Eight.

"Poetry. HOME, SWEET HOME. A NEW VERSION. (Composed for the Brisbane Choral Society)", The Moreton Bay Courier (15 October 1859), 4

[News], The Brisbane Courier (28 February 1868), 2

. . .The ode, which was composed by Mr. J. H. Nicholson, in honor of H. R. H. the Duke of Edinburgh, and which was set to music composed by Mr. S. Diggles, was sung by lady amateurs and members of the Orpheus Society. The music, which is rather pretty, was much admired . . .

"A FEW WORDS ABOUT THE ODE", The Brisbane Courier (25 March 1868), 3

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (22 March 1880), 2 

DIGGLES. - On the 21st March, at his residence, Kangaroo Point, Silvester Diggles, in his 64th year.

"MR. SYLVESTER DIGGLES", The Telegraph (23 March 1880), 2 

Another old, widely know, and universally respected citizen of Brisbane has "passed over to the majority." Mr. Diggies d!ed on Sunday, evening last. He went to sleep, calmy and paacefully - "Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him, and lies down to pleasant dreams." Such and end was the befitting termination of such a calm, peaceful, kindly, and innocent life. Everybody who has resided in Brisbane for sixteen or eighteen years must have known Mr. Diggles, and to know him was to respect and esteem him. A naturalist of no mean rank, ardent, so long as health and strength permitted, in the prosecution of his beloved study; a keen, careful, and indefatigable observer of nature, yet so modest and communicative withal, that, next to the intense pleasure of securing some rare or curious bird or insect prize his greatest enjoyment seemed to be in telling some appreciative listener all about it. A walk in the bush or scrub with Mr. Diggles was a real intellectual treat. And his love for music was nearly equal to his love for natural history, and he was as ardent and unselfish in inspiring others with this sentiment as he was in inducing his friends and acquaintances to take an intelligent interest in birds, butterflies, and creeping-things. If our memory serves us correctly, he started the first musical society in Brisbane, and the friends he once made he never lost.

Mr. Diggles came to this colony twenty-six years ago, and has been a resident here ever since. His profession as a pianoforte tuner and repairer of musical instruments did not prevent him from devoting a considerable portion of his time to the study of natural history, which brought him name, fame, and much exquisite enjoyment, but no cash. This, however, never gave him much trouble or anxiety while his health and strength lasted, but, when struck down with paralysis some years ago, and his mind gave way, all his friends were grieved to learn that his circumstances were not even so good as they had hoped and expected. His book, "The Ornithology of Queensland," over which he spent some of the best years of his life, and which, without doubt, hastened his end by the too close application he gave to it, although a magnificent monument of his skill both as an ornithologist, draughtsman, and painter was a financial failure, and the poor man did not live to finish it.

Mr. Diggles was an old and respected member of the Queensland Philosophical Society, he was one of the chief founders of the Queensland Museum, and took a lively interest in its formation and subsequent progress. Mr. Diggles leaves a widow, two sons, and two daughters.

"Death of Mr. Sylvester Diggles", The Queenslander (27 March 1880), 390

WITH regret we announce the death of Mr. Sylvester Diggles, an old, well-known, and generally esteemed citizen of Brisbane. For the last two years Mr. Diggles' friends have been aware of his declining health, which gradually became weaker until Sunday evening last, when he died without apparent pain, and even then unexpectedly, for he had seemed in better spirits that day. The deceased gentleman came to the colony as far back as 1854, and has been a resident of Brisbane ever since. He followed the profession of a teacher of music and drawing, and was fortunate enough to number amongst his pupils many clever amateurs. Although he was held in very high estimation amongst the members of the musical profession - as evidenced by the very successful complimentary benefit tendered to him in 1877 - he was perhaps better known to the public through the great and intelligent interest that he took in ornithology and entomology. Of his knowledge of the former science his valuable work, "Ornithology of Australia," the first volume of which has only been published, affords ample proof; while his collection of exhibits in the Garden Palace at Sydney now testify in an unmistakable manner to his taste and skill as an entomologist. We understand that a large number of original drawings, intended for the second volume of his work, remain now in the possession of his widow, and it is much to be regretted that he has been, from various causes, prevented completing a work which would have proved especially valuable as bearing upon ornithology generally, but especially upon that branch of the subject having special reference to Australia. It may be within the recollection of some residents of Brisbane that Mr. Diggles was selected by the Government of the day to proceed to Cape Sidmouth in 1871, as one of the Eclipse Expedition, his chief recommendation for that post being his skill as an artist and naturalist. On his return he read before the Queensland Philosophical Society (of which he was an esteemed member for many years) a paper giving the main features of the results of that expedition. He was an intimate associate of the late Messrs. Coxen and Rawnsley, and was one of the most earnest of the advocates for the establishment of a museum in Brisbane. Mr. Diggles was a member of the order of Freemasons, and for some time filled the position of organist to St. Patrick's Lodge, I.C. He leaves a widow and two sons and two daughters.

Bibliography and resources:

E. N. Marks, "Diggles, Silvester (1817-1880)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Rod Fisher, "Silvester Diggles: Brisbane's pioneer musician, scientist, artist and new churchman", Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland (May 2000), 271-86 

"Silvester Diggles", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"Diggles, Silvester (1817-1880)", Encyclopedia of Australian Science 

Rod Fisher, Boosting Brisbane: imprinting the colonial capital of Queensland (Brisbane: Boolarong Press and Brisbane History Group, 2009), 167 (image of Home Sweet Home), and source citation 287 (PREVIEW)

DIGHT, Edward (Edward DIGHT; Mr. DIGHT; Mr. E. DIGHT)

Actor, vocalist, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1834-39; Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1836 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Original Correspondence. THEATRE. To the Editors of . . .", The Sydney Herald (12 June 1834), 2 

GENTLEMEN, - We, the undersigned, observe with regret in the Gazette Newspaper of this morning, one of the numerous instances in which those who write Theatrical Critiques, must evidently endeavour to prejudice the public mind against the Theatre, and those who use their utmost endeavours to amuse and entertain the Public . . .
. . . We are, gentlemen, Your obedient servants,
E. DIGHT, M. LARRA, Performers at the Sydney Theatre. June 10, 1834.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (8 October 1835), 3 

The Magistrates sat in Petty Sessions on Tuesday last, for the purpose of effecting the quarterly transfer of Public-house licenses, when the following transfers were made . . . the Governor Macquarie, Pitt-street, from Abraham Levey, to Edward Dight . . .

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 April 1836), 2 

The benefit of the talented manager of the Sydney Theatre, Mr. Simmons, will take place on Monday, next; he has engaged to assist, among other amateurs, Mr. Dight, so well known to the vocal world . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (8 April 1836), 3 

When will be produced for the first time at this Theatre, the celebrated interesting domestic drama, in three acts, called
"Rule Britannia," verse and chorus, by the whole vocal strength of the company.
Duet, "Minute Gun at Sea." Messrs. KNOWLES and GROVE.
Song, "Another Hour." - MRS. CHESTER.
Comic Song in character, "Jack Robinson," By MR. SIMMONS.
Song, "The Ladies, God bless them." - MR. DIGHT.
(Who has kindly proffered his services for this night only.)

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (25 November 1836), 3 

Theatre Royal, Hobart Town. ON SATURDAY EVENING, NOV. 26, 1836, will be performed the nautical Drama of
Black Eyed Susan; or, ALL IN THE DOWN'S.
A SONG BY MRS. CLARKE, Also a Song by MR. DIGHT, from the Theatre Royal, Sydney . . .

"THEATRE", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (16 December 1836), 4

. . . The characters were generally played well, but, the most natural was Mr. Dight; he is surely a legitimate child of either "Locket" or "Peachum". The Slave take it in the whole, is the best performed piece yet introduced, but being a musical piece the want of the original music is a great disadvantage, that and the want of singing talent with the carelessness of the Orchestra . . .

DINGWALL, William Boyd (William Boyd DINGWELL [sic]; William B. DINGWALL)

Vocalist, choirmaster, stone mason

Born Scotland, 4 March 1829; baptised Low Church, Paisley, 21 June 1829, son of Daniel DINGWELL and Margaret DIVINE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1841 (per New York Packet, from Scotland)
Married Barbara ROBERTSON, Tamworth, NSW, 1852
Died Newtown, NSW, 23 December 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: John McFarlane; Mr. Horn; Mrs. Shaw


1841 Scotland census; Edwin Place, Gorbals, Lanarkshire

Daniel Dingwall, mason, 34; Marg't Dingwall, 31; William Dingwall, 12 . . .

Immigrants per New York Packet, Sydney, NSW, October 1841; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

New York Packet / 23rd October 1841 / Released from Quarantine / Dingwell Daniel / 35 / Mason // Margaret / 32 / Servant / William / 13 / Son . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (7 November 1854), 1 

MR. McFARLANE has the honour to announce to the people of Sydney and its vicinity, that he will give a series of Weekly Concerts at the above place. He will be assisted by
Mr. Horn, lately from Edinburgh, and W. B. Dingwall, of this city.
Solo, and Chorus - "Scots wha' ha'e" (Burns) - Messrs. McFarlane, Dingwall, and Horn.
Song - "Gloomy winter" (Tanahill), Mr. McFarlane.
Song - "Jock o' Hazeldean" (Sir Walter Scott) - Mr. Dingwall.
Song - "Wha's for Scotland and Charlie" (Jacobite) - Mr. Horn.
Song - "My boy Tammy" (H. Macneill) - Mr. Dingwall.
Song - "My heather hills." Mr. Horn.
Interval of ten minutes.
Solo and Chorus - "The Beatie Rows" (unknown) - Messrs. Mc Farlane, Horn, and Dingwall.
Song - "I'm thinking now of thee, Jamie" (unknown) - Mr. Dingwall.
Comic Song - "The Widow's Apology" (Alexander Rodgers) - Mr. McFarlane.
Duet - "Albion, on thy fertile plains" (Braham) - Messrs. Horn and McFarlane.
Humorous Song - "Rantin', Roving Robin" (unknown) - Mr. Horn.
Duet- "My Patie is a lover gay" (A. Ramsay)- Messrs. Dingwall and McFarlane.
Glee - "Fair Flora decks" (Danby) - Messrs. Dingwall, McFarlane, and Horn.
Finale, Song and Chorus - There is nae luck about the house" - By the Company.
Mrs. Shaw, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1 

GRAND SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENT, School of Arts- Programme of Mr. McFARLANE'S Concert, THIS EVENING, November 13, 1854.
Scottish Glee - "Marjory Miller" (R. A. Smith) - McFarlane, Dingwall, and Hall
Song - "John Anderson my jo" (Burns) - Dingwall
Song - "Wha'll be King but Charlie (Jacobite) - Horn.
Comic Song "Kate Dalrymple." (A. Rogers) - McFarlane
Song - "My ain Fireside" (Hamilton) - Dingwall
Song - "The Postilion of Lonjumeau" (From the German) - Horn
Scotch Ballad "The Humours of Glasgow Fair" - McFarlane
An interval of fifteen minutes.
Song - "All the Blue Bonnets" - Dingwall
Song - "Wha wadna fecht for Charlie" (Jacobite) - Horn
Comic Song - "Heather Jock" - McFarlane
Song - "Ratlin Roaring Willie" (Burns) - Horn
Song - "O! are ye sleepin, Maggie" (Tannahill) - Dingwall
Scottish Song and Recitation, in character - The Laird o' Luggihead on the Marriage Question, Song, "Marry for Love and Work for Siller" - McFarlane
Finale, 8ong and Chorus "Auld Lang Syne" McFarlane, Horn, Dingwall, and Audience
Mrs. SHAW, Planiste . . .

IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (14 August 1860), 1524 

. . . In the Insolvent Estate of William Boyd Dingwall, of Newtown Road, in the District of Sydney, stone-mason . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1867), 10 

. . . TO-NIGHT, at the Masonic Hall.
PEOPLE'S CONCERTS for the Working Classes, given by No. 2 Division of the Sons of Temperance,
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Song - My Ain Fireside - Scotch - Mr. DINGWALL . . .
PART II . . . Comic Song - Widow Machree - Irish - Mr. DINGWALL . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1872), 4 

Masonic Hall, York-street . . . PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . 20. Song - My Ain Fireside - Mr. DINGWALL . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1876), 8 

GRAND SCOTCH CONCERT, in aid of the Funds of ST. ANDREW'S SCOTTISH BENEVOLENT SOCIETY, will be given in the above Hall, THIS EVENING, August 31, 1874 . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Song - Scotch Ballad - Mr. Dingwall . . .
PART II . . . Song - Scotch Ballad - Mr. Dingwall . . .

"DEATHS", Australian Town and Country Journal (3 January 1885), 42 

DINGWALL. - December 23 [1884], at his residence, 23 Wilson-street, Golden Grove, William B. Dingwall, stonemason, of asthmatic bronchitis, aged 55 years.

"IN MEMORIAM", Evening News (23 December 1892), 4 

DINGWALL. - In sad but loving memory of my dear father, William B. Dingwall, choir master, who died December 23, 1885 [recte 1884], aged 55 years. Inserted by his loving daughter, Annie Wilson.

DITTMAR, Wilhelm Heinrick Christoff (Wilhelm Heinrich Christoph DITTMAR)

Amateur vocalist (founding member of Adelaide Liedertafel)

Born Germany, 27 April 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, May 1855
Died Adelaide, SA, 22 June 1906 (shareable link to this entry)


"DEATHS", Evening Journal (23 June 1906), 1 

DITTMAR. - On the 22nd June, at Gawler place (suddenly), Wilhelm H. C. Dittmar, aged 76 years.

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (30 June 1906), 40 

The death occurred on Friday of Mr. Wilhelm Heinrick Christoff Dittmar, the well-known baker and confectioner, of Freeman-street. Mr. Dittmar was a native of Germany and arrived in South Australia in May, 1856. He was born on April 27, 1830. On his arrival he was employed by Messrs. Gerke & Rodemann, of Rundle-street, and after, three years with them went to Tanunda. He subsequently started in business on his own account at Angaston, where he was married in 1859. Later he came to Adelaide and established a business in Rundle-street. After 13 1/2 years he started the present business in Freeman-street, which has been in existence for nearly 30 years. The deceased gentleman left a family of five sons and two daughters, two of the former being married. All the family reside in Adelaide. Mr. Dittmar never entered into public life, but was an original member of the German Club and the Liedertafel.

DIXON, John Frederick (John Frederick DIXON; Frederick DIXON; Mr. J. F. DIXON; Mr. F. DIXON; Mr. DIXON)

Tenor vocalist, ballad singer, comic singer

Born c. 1830
? Arrived Melbourne, 14 August 1853 (per Theoxena, from New York)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1855; to c. 1860
? Died Melbourne, VIC, 1886, aged "54" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? [Advertisement], The Argus (27 September 1853), 8 

CROWTHER'S Rooms, Terpsichorean Hall, Every night this week. Barlow's Sable Ministrels: Messrs. Barlow, Brice, Sivorini, Scott, Dixon, and Swinerton . . .
Mr. Dixon will sing the New and Popular song of Poor Uncle Tom, founded on incidents in Mrs. Stowe's work of Uncle Tom's Cabin . . .


? [Advertisement], The Argus (15 October 1853), 8 

QUEEN'S THEATRE - Barlow's Farewell Concert To-night . . .
Mr. Thomas Dixon [sic], Tenor . . .
Ballad - I would I were a Boy again - Mr. Dixon . . .
Ballad - Thou art gone from my gaze - Mr. Dixon . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1855), 8 

WANTED, - To all to whom these presents shall come. -
Whereas, at the St. Lawrence Hotel, Gertrude-street, a Free Concert will be held to-night under the auspices of Tom King, the well-known vocalist and pianist; Mr. Clifford, of Her Majesty's Theatre and Italian Opera; Mr. Dixon, the favourite tenor; and, though last not least, the Raal Ould Irish Gentleman; and a host of talent not to be enumerated within the limits of an advertisement.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas King; George Clifford

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 3 

SANDHURST Catholic Church Building Fund Subscriptions received to August 31st . . . £1 each . . . F. A. Leaman [Leeman], J. F. Dixon . . .

"THE SHAMROCK HOTEL", Bendigo Advertiser (20 October 1855), 3 

We understand that Mr. Heffernan has in contemplation the erection of a splendid concert room, superior to any on the Bendigo . . . Beyond question, the Shamrock Hotel has one of the best musical companies in the district, and the large support it receives is well deserved. The engagement of Miss Urie still continues, and her excellent singing meets with the same popularity as ever. Under most disadvantageous circumstances this lady acquits herself remarkably well. Mr. Gibson, the favorite Irish singer, is also engaged at the Shamrock, and his humorous and pleasant style of singing is no small attraction. Mr. Dixon, the tenor, and Mr. Leman, bass singer, are well deserving of notice. The latter gentleman has a very fine powerful voice, which enables him to sing certain songs with striking effect. The place of Mr. White, who ably presided at the pianoforte, and whose accompaniments in no small degree contributed to the success of the evening concerts, is at present filled by Mr. Salaman, the former gentleman being on a visit to town . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Heffernan; Louisa Urie; Frederick Leeman; Edward Salaman

290, Golden Lodge of Bendigo, Sandhurst, Victoria, No. 924, admissions for year 1856; in register of admissions, United Grand Lodge of England; Library and Museum of Freemasony (PAYWALL)

[1856] May 27 / July 15 / Leeman / Frederick Augustus / 32 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] [May 27] / July 8 / Aug. 19 / Salaman / Edward / 31 / Professor of Music . . .
[1856] [July 15] / Aug. 19 / Sep. 15 / Dixon / John Frederick / 26 / Vocalist . . .
[1856] Oct. 10 / Lavenu / Lewis Henry / 34 / Vocalist . . .


"SHAMROCK CONCERTS. MR. DIXON'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1856), 3 

We perceive by advertisement that Mr. Frederick Dixon takes his first, and, as the bills say, his last, benefit at this well known and highly popular Concert Hall this evening. The programme is of first rate order, including a great variety of excellent pieces of music, and amongst, others the whole of Locke's music in "Macbeth" . . . Mr. Dixon has been a long established favorite on Bendigo, having been one of the original company at the Shamrock which first brought the concerts into notice. He is well entitled to a good benefit, and we trust that he will receive one . . .

"SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL", Bendigo Advertiser (17 September 1856), 2 

The concert last evening at this hall, for the benefit of Mr. Dixon, was a musical treat of no ordinary kind. We were much pleased to see so good an attendance, and by the frequeut plaudits and occasional encores which we heard emanate from the audience we judge that their satisfaction was equal to our own pleasure. It would be invidious to speak of one, and not of all, where such just claims as those of the Shamrock corps present themselves. As our space will not permit us to indulge in the latter, nor our will in the former, we will confine ourselves to a description of the programme. Passing over the various songs and ballads of the first part of the entertainment, with the usual sweet voice of Carandini, the mellow notes of Flower, and the delicate warbling of Hancock, Locke's Music of "Macbeth" breaks on our ears with all its grandeur and effect. The whole of the company appeared, and it is only justice to say that it bore favorable comparison with the representation at the Princess's Theatre, London, 1853, when that favorite tragedy was brought out in the most costly and perfect style. It was a satisfaction to hear all of Locke's music, as nowadays it is run over carelessly, and not infrequently cut short, on the colonial stage. With Frank Howson as Hecate and Mesdames Carandini, Flower, and Hancock, Messrs. Lyall and Hancock, as witches, the excellence of the choruses can be easily imagined, Mr. Dixon, the beneficiare, initiated the third part of the entertainment by singing "The Cottage and the Mill." He was very well received, and an encore requested. The whole evening's amusement went off very well . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini; Sara Flower; Frank Howson; Mrs. and Mrs. Edward Hancock

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Age (2 February 1857), 3 

The proprietor of the Red Hill Music Hall during the last week has had the services of Miss Louisa Swannell, Mr. Dixon, and Mr. Small. Pianist, Mr. Linder [Linden].

ASSOCIATIONS: Louisa Swannell; Joe Small; Otto Linden

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (10 August 1857), 1 

SHAMROCK CONCERT HALL. Open for the Million.
MESSRS. HEFFERNAN AND CROWLEY Proprietors . . . have made engagements with the following eminent Artistes; -
The renowned Violinist, MISKA HAUSER,
And the local comic singer MR. THATCHER,
MONS. LAVENU, Pianist . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Miska Hauser; Joseph Pollard; Charles Thatcher; Lewis Lavenu


The above-named company gave their first entertainment last evening before a fashionable audience . . . In the second and third parts of the performance, the exquisite ballad singing of Mr. Dixon, and the inimitable jig-dancing of Mr. Leslie, were fully appreciated . . . Mr. Legrew's and Mr. Wieland's accompaniment (instrumental) were much admired . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Burton; Charles Legrew

? "SUICIDE AT PRAHRAN", The Age (11 September 1886), 10 

During the hours between Thursday evening and Friday morning, an elderly man unmarried named Robert Lockwood, who, with a fellow workman named John Frederick Dixon, rented a detached house from Mr. Alfred Ellt, situate in a right of way off Greville-street, Prahran, committed suicide in a determined manner by hanging himself with a rope, suspended from a rafter in a shed within the yard where he resided. The deceased, with his mate Dixon, were carpet beaters, chiefly employed by Messrs. Robertson and Moffat, drapers and furniture dealers, Bourke-street, Melbourne. On Thursday, it appears, Dixon died in the Alfred Hospital, and this event is supposed to have had something to do with inducing the unfortunate man to commit the rash act . . .

DOANE, Joseph Atwood (Joseph Atwood DOANE; J. A. DOANE)

Amateur musician, conductor, lecturer on music, architect

Born Barrington, Nova Scotia, 5 October 1822/23; son of Josiah Paine DOANE and Mary WOOD
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 11 November 1852 (per Selim, or Sebim, from Halifax, Nova Scotia, 29 Seotember)
Died Surrey Hills, VIC, 14 November 1901, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Ballarat Philharmonic Society


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (12 November 1852), 4 

November 11 - Selim, schooner, 111 tons, Seth Doane, master, from Halifax, Nova Scotia July 12th. via the Cape of Good Hope, September 29th. In ballast. With fifty passengers. S. Doane, agent.

"WESLEYAN CHURCH SCHOOLS", The Star (17 September 1857), 2

The quarterly meeting of the Local Board of Education for the Ballarat district was held on Monday evening, at the Wesleyan Parsonage, Lydiard-street . . . Mr. Joseph Attwood Doane was chosen Treasurer vice Mr. Crombie, resigned, and Mr. Price then took the post of Secretary, previously held by Mr. Doane . . .

"BALLARAT PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Star (18 November 1859), 2

Last (Thursday) evening a meeting of the members of the above society was held in Christ Church School-room, for the purpose of receiving a financial report of the last concert, and electing a secretary for the ensuing 12 months. Mr. Doane was called to the chair . . .

"WESLEY CHURCH. MUSICAL CELEBRATION", The Star (25 August 1860), 2

The erection of the organ in Wesley Church, Lydiard street, was celebrated by an inaugural musical service, on Friday evening last, when a selection of sacred music from the masters was performed by several gentleman and ladies connected with the Ballarat Philharmonic Society, the conductor of the society, Mr. Turner, presiding at the instrument . . . After a voluntary on the organ, The Rev. Mr. Millard gave an address to the audience, in which he briefly recapitulated the history of the organ. He began by stating that the original precentor in the congregation there was Mr. Daly who had gone away. To him succeeded the Messrs. Doane, who organised a choir. And now they had an organ to assist in the psalmody of the church, and from which such excellent music had just been discoursed by Mr. Turner . . .

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL FESTIVAL", The Star (6 April 1863), 4


"SOCIAL", The Star (26 August 1864), 1s

. . . Mr. Doane, Mayor of Ballarat West, has engaged to give a course of twelve lessons in music on the Pestalozzian system, and for the benefit of the funds of the Mechanics' Institute . . .

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (7 September 1864), 2

. . . Mr. Doane's first music lesson, at the Mechanics' Institute, was given on Tuesday evening. There were between thirty and forty persons present, and all or nearly all were adults, the sexes being about equally represented. As being the first lesson it was of course a "beginning at the beginning," both as to the explanatory remarks and the practice given. Mr. Doane bas a quiet, deliberate, careful, repetitive manner in the class which is admirably adapted to learners, and we have no doubt that his generosity in giving his time and knowledge in this way, for the benefit of bis pupils and of the institute, will be highly successful.


The second evening of the anniversary entertainments in aid of the funds if the Mechanics' Institute brought Mr. J. A. Doane and his band of some seventy or eighty juveniles upon the platform on Tuesday evening. It is hardly necessary for us to state that this concert is a counterpart of that given by Mr. Doane and his young charges once or twice before in the Hall, and to those who have had the pleasure of listening to the performances we need not remark how pleasant it is to have so agreeable an entertainment provided. To Mr. Doane a great deal of praise is really due for his devotion to music in this way. When it is remembered that the delightful art is, with Mr. Doane, not a profession, but an appendage to other professional and public duties of an onerous nature, the zeal and success with which he has undertaken the instruction of so many young people in this pure and delightful art are matters for general congratulation. And when to these things we find both Mr. Doane and his band of tractable young ladies and gentlemen always willing to aid in a good cause without expectation of pecuniary reward, the credit due to them is obvious. The repeated and hearty applause, therefore, which greeted everything they did, on Tuesday evening, was but a fair recognition of merit, and the formal thanks which the President of the Institution tendered to the performers at the close of the entertainment was not only endorsed by the acclamations of the audiences but was a fitting sequel to the frequent plaudits accorded by the audience previously.

The programme consisted of the following songs and glees: Part 1: "We come with joy to greet you", glee, "Hark the Bells;" "Mountain Song;" glee, "Behold the Morning Gleaming;" "Happy, happy, we;" "The Skylark;" "The Maltese Boatman's Song;" "Boat Song;" "Only Waiting;" "Isle of Beauty, fare thee well." Part II : "Met Again;" "Tis the Last Rose of Summer;" "The Wanderer's Farwell;" "Home;" "Canadian Boat Song;" "Sabbath School Bells, chime on;" "My Mother's Bible;" "The Orphan's Prayer;" "Home, Sweet Home;" "God Save the Queen."

So ample a bill of fare made a long, but by no means tiresome, evening's entertainment, and the charming harmonies of the programme were sung with a precision as to time and a general skill which reflected highly upon the pains that had been taken both by teacher and pupils. There was now and then a too great prominence of single voices which did much to mar the effect of the rendering. This remark applies especially to a very nice tenor voice, but one which was in need of toning down very often. To show what we mean we may the two songs "The Skylark" and "The Maltese Boatman's Song," which came in succession in the programme as giving a marked contrast in interpretation. The former was quite a treat, as showing a well blended and even artistical harmony of all the voices, while the latter was almost spoilt by the tyranny of the one tenor which we have mentioned. That a good voice and one able to obtrude itself should be tempted to do so is no wonder, but it is a fault nevertheless. This, however, and one or two other little things were but small drawbacks in a capital entertainment, and one which the public would, no doubt, be glad to see repeated. The hall was filled on the occasion, and the orchestra, with its host of young girls arrayed in pure white dresses and scarfs of various colors, presented a gay and pleasant appearance.

"DEATH OF MR. J. A. DOANE", The Ballarat Star (16 November 1910), 1 

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 November 1901), 1

DOANE. - On the 14th November, 1901 at Kent-road, Surrey Hills, Joseph Atwood Doane, the beloved husband of Jessie Doane, born 5th October, 1823 [sic]. Deeply regretted. (Interred in the Boroondara Cemetery, Kew, on Saturday, 16th November.)

Bibliography and resources:

William Bramwell Withers, The history of Ballarat from the first pastoral settlement to the present time . . . second edition . . . (Ballarat: Printed by F. W. Niven and Co., 1887), passim

. . . Musical societies have been many in Ballarat, commencing with the Philharmonic, which was formed on the 5th of March, 1858, Mr. D. Oliver in the chair. He was chosen secretary; A.T. Turner, conductor; A. Fleury, leader; A. Oliver, treasurer; and E. Towl, Dr. Kupperberg, L. Bruun, C. Franz, J. Lake, J.A. Doane, Stoddart, E. Gates, Sayers, and J. Stower, committeemen. The society died in 1863 . . .

Ian W. Fry, "Early Canadian contributions of Australia's economic development", in Kate Burridge, Lois Foster, and Gerry Turcotte (eds), Canada-Australia towards a second century of partnership (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1997), (171-88), 182-83 (PREVIEW)

DODD, Mr. (Mr. DODD)


Active Sydney, NSW, June 1844 (shareable link to this entry)


Dodd, otherwise unidentified, was a member of the band at George Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844. Like some other players on the occasion, he may have been a member of the Royal Victoria Theatre band.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

ON SATURDAY EVENING, June 15th, and the following week,
THE QUADRILLE BAND will play several Airs, Overtures. &c
Pianist, Mr. Fillmore; Flute, Mr. Westrop; First Violin, Mr. Wilson; Second Violin, Mr. Dodd; violoncello, Mr. Portbury.
A GENTLEMAN AMATEUR Will sing the following popular Songs -
The Sea, The Wolf; As I view those scenes so charming, from the Opera of "La Somnambula, When time hath bereft thee.
JIM BROWN Will screech his celebrated Negro Melodies, accompanied, for the first time by
MUNGO SOBO'S Unrivalled heavy toe and heel "grape vine" break-down-twist . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1844), 1

DOLMAN, William (William DOLMAN; William DOLMAN; W. DOLMAN)

Bookseller, editor and publisher of several local Catholic hymnbooks

Born St. Omer, France, 26 December 1831; son of Thomas DOLMAN (1770-1840) and Catherine DELAHAY (1797-1886)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Married (1) Caroline NAGEL (c. 1835-1871), St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney, NSW, 27 December 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 31 May 1902, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


A cousin of the London Catholic publisher, Charles Dolman, he published various local editions of collections of Catholic hymns, litanies, &c., from 1856 onwards.

He also published a selection of hymn tunes and litanies, said to have been edited by William Cordner, in 1857.

In Sydney in 1853, he married Caroline Nagel, daughter of Charles Nagel.

Their daughter Mary was an amateur singer, married in turn to choir singer Peter Campbell Curtis and professional musician Raimund Pechotsch. His grandson Raimund Pechotsch junior was also a violinist.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1853), 5

By special license, at St. Mary's Cathedral, on the 27th instant, by the Rev. S. A. Sheehy, William Dolman, fourth son of Thomas Dolman, of Pocklington, Yorkshire, to Caroline, second daughter of Captain C. A. Nagel, late of Her Majesty's 97th Regiment.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1854), 6 

BOOKS. BOOKS. BOOKS. - WM. DOLMAN begs to acquaint his friends and the public generally, that he has just opened a large assortment of Catholic Works and publications . . . Park-street, between Castlereagh and Elizabeth-streets . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (28 June 1856), 1

JUST PUBLISHED, PRICE 6d., BY POST 8d. THE BOOK OF CATHOLIC HYMNS, Sacred Songs, and School Songs, together with the Hymns for Benediction and Processions. WILLIAM DOLMAN, 21, Market-street.

"CATHOLIC HYMNS", Freeman's Journal (28 June 1856), 4

CATHOLIC HYMNS. Sydney: W. Dolman, Market-street.

We congratulate our enterprising fellow-citizen Mr. Dolman and the Catholic public, on the republication of the neat volume of beautiful Catholic Hymns which he has just issued. We need not say a word in commendation or recommendation of this exquisite little volume. We shall be extremely disappointed if the first edition is not soon exhausted, and a second demanded. As the Australian editor of the collection remarks, in his gracefully written preface . . . The work has received the approbation of his Grace the Archbishop. "His Grace," says the editor, "in sanctioning the publication of this little Hymn-book, wishes that all the faithful should join in singing the Hymns in Church, and that the children should be taught them at school, that they may be thus enabled to join in the common devotion, and may introduce so salutary a practise to their homes." We give the hymn on St. Patrick's Day as a specimen of the contents of the volume. It "goes" to the old tune "St. Patrick's Day;" -
AH praise to St. Patrick, who brought to our mountains
The gift of God's faith, the sweet light of His love! . . .

"NEW HYMN BOOK", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1857), 1

We have received a copy of a Roman Catholic Hymn Book, just issued by Mr. Dolman, of Pitt-street. It is divided into three parts, and contains altogether ninety-seven hymns. Among the sacred songs are introduced a few which, although, like the others, of a religious character, may be regarded somewhat in the light of national effusions, giving to the pages an appearance of variety which will doubtless render them more interesting in the eyes of many. The third part is almost entirely composed of Latin hymns, which frequently occur in the vespers and other services of the Catholic Church. The little volume is neatly printed and bound, and will doubtless be found a valuable acquisition by those for whose use it is intended.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (27 June 1857), 3

PRICE ONE SHILLING. JUST PUBLISHED, the SECOND EDITION of the CATHOLIC HYMN BOOK, containing the Hymns as sung at Benediction. WILLIAM DOLMAN, 121, Pitt-street.

"REVIEW", Freeman's Journal (4 July 1857), 4

Catholic Hymns. W. DOLMAN, 121, Pitt-street, Sydney. Price 1s.

We have received a copy of the above little work, which is an exact reprint for the first edition which was published June, 1856 . . . We hope Mr. W. Dolman maybe induced in the next issue to print the music with the words, which would be a great acquisition; and we feel assured that, should he receive sufficient encouragement, he would most willingly act up to this suggestion, at least for the principal hymns . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (28 November 1857), 1

JUST PUBLISHED, PRICE 4s., CATHOLIC HYMNS, LITANIES, &c, with an Organ or Pianoforte Accompaniment. No. I.:
Contents: The Most Holy Trinity; The Eternal Father; Daily, Daily; Mother of Mercy; Pilgrims of the Night; Jesus is God; Litany of the Blessed Virgin; Jesus, my God and my all; Litany of the Blessed Virgin.
W. DOLMAN, 236 (late 121), Pitt-street.

"CATHOLIC HYMNS", Freeman's Journal (28 November 1857), 2

We are delighted with the first number of a series, of Tunes for Catholic Hymns, &c., which Mr. Dolman (the publisher) has sent to our office. We have been long wishing to see such a useful publication commenced. Often have we asked those who we thought should be the supervisors of such a work, why it was not taken in hands. The answer was invariably the same - "The demand is not great enough to cause it to pay; and we have so often been the losers in affairs of this kind that we do not wish to undertake any more of them." Mr. Dolman deserves the thanks of the Catholic community, more especially the members of choirs, for having begun this work. In the present number we notice two tunes which are very great favorites with all who attend the Cathedral, namely "Daily, Daily," and "Pilgrims of the Night." The pianoforte accompaniment to these two is very good. Musicians who attend the Cathedral, and are familiar with the tones of its mighty organ, can have but little difficulty in discovering who was the arranger of them. The other airs are all charming bits; the names of the composers are too well known to stand in need of commendation. The two Litanies arc very good: the first of them is a very popular one. The mechanical part of the work is good: the notes are very legible; and the size is very convenient. We hope there is not a Catholic young lady in Sydney, or in the country, who has a piano, that will not take a copy. All members of country choirs should at once secure their copies. The quicker the first number is disposed of, the sooner the publisher will bring out the second one; which he promises shall contain Benediction pieces, and other music for the evening service.

"REVIEW. MUSICAL NOTICE", Freeman's Journal (12 December 1857), 4 

Catholic Hymns, Litanies, &c., arranged with an easy accompaniment for the use of Country Missions and Schools. Sydney: Dolman, 1857.

This is the first number of a publication which was much needed, and which, we trust, will be continued through many similar numbers, till a large body of correct, elegant, and facile Catholic music is presented to the Australian public. And such is the high character of the work, or rather the specimen of the work, here offered, that it will be most disgraceful to our body if it do not meet with an immediate and most extensive sale.

The words of the hymns in the present number are taken from the collection of hymns some time since published by Mr. Dolman, and which are chiefly a reprint of the hymns published by Dr. Faber, of the Oratory. It is needless, therefore, to say that they are excellent in their kind. The first here given is the hymn "To the Most Holy Trinity," and it is set to a beautiful and simple German melody, nicely harmonized. This, we are sure, will be a lasting favourite. The next is a "Hymn to the Eternal Father," set to a very sweet air by Mayer, arranged in the same correct and easy style. Then follows a translation of the celebrated Hymn of St. Casimir, "Omne die, dic Maria," set to a rather lively melody, of French origin, we believe. After this comes the well known hymn, "Mother of Mercy, day by day," very well adapted to a pathetic German air; and then the sacred song, "Pilgrims of the Night," pleasingly set, but to a somewhat operatic looking air, in six-eight time, with an arpeggio accompaniment, which we suspect the organist of St. Mary's plays after a very different fashion from what it exhibits here. But the editor, doubtless, thought it necessary to do something for our fair pianists, and, although we should have treated the chords differently, in this instance, we are willing to pardon him for the sake of the said fair piano players. "Jesus is God" is adapted to a very beautiful melody by Pleyel, which will be more admired the oftener it is heard. After this we have a simple and pleasing litany, B. V. M., in D major, which is followed by that most charming hymn, "Jesus, my God and my all," adapted to a well known and much admired air from Mehul's delightful Oratorio of Joseph. We consider this last and the two first hymns well worth the whole price of the book, and we shall be surprised as well as pained if they are not heard in every church and school, as they ought to be heard in every Catholic family, before many weeks shall have elapsed.

The publication concludes with a very good melody for the Litany, but to which the word "Kyrie," in the first line, is twice incorrectly set, and there occurs an instance of consecutive octaves in the harmony of the first bar, where the bass rises from F to G, and the same motion occurs in one of the intermediate parts an octave higher. If the F in the second part was necessary to resolve the discordant G preceding it, the error might have been avoided by contrary motion in the bass part. We feel bound to notice the apparent negligence with respect to this last piece, because we think a work so admirable in design, and so excellent in execution, generally, should be purged even of these trifling faults. We hardly know whether we ought to point out what we regard as a slight mistake in the plan of the work. As the accompanist from this work will in most cases be the director also of the choir or school, he should have before him the words as well as the music of each hymn. Here we have only the first verse of each. It is true we can hare the book of hymns for a shilling, but it is very inconvenient to have two books at once on the instrument, particularly when you have to turn the pages of both. In future numbers we would recommend that at least two or three verses (those usually sung) should be printed with each melody, and that they should be capable of being read without turning the page. This could hot much interfere with the separate sale of the Hymn Book, and even if it did we believe the present work to be one of much more importance, and more permanent interest and profit, than the other. Indeed, if succeeding numbers equal the first in merit, it will be the most important and useful work that has ever issued from the Australian Press. We sought to add that the "getting up" of the publication is highly creditable to the spirited publisher, who, in embarking in so extensive an undertaking, has established a claim to support, which, we trust, the Catholic public will not be slow to recognise.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (29 October 1859), 4

JUST PUBLISHED. Price, 5s. By Post, 5s. 6d.
CATHOLIC HYMNS, LITANIES, &c., &c., arranged with an easy organ accompaniment, for the use of Catholic Churches and Schools. Permissu Superiorum.
Contents. Veni Sancte Spiritus; Holy Spirit, Lord of Light; Veni, Creator Spiritus; Come, Holy Ghost, Creator, Come; Jesus Crucified; Jesus, the only Thought of Thee; The Blessed Sacrament; The Immaculate Conception; Immaculate, Immaculate; O Hour of Grace; Hail, Queen of Heaven; O Salutaris Hostia; O Saving Victim; Stabat Mater; At the Cross Her Station Keeping; Stabat Mater; At the Cross Her Station Keeping;
Ave Maris Stella; Gentle Star of Ocean; Tantum Ergo; To the Sacred Host Inclining; O Sanctissima; O Most Holy One; Adeste, Fideles; O Come, all ye Faithful; Litany of the Blessed Virgin; The Most Holy Trinity; The Eternal Father; Daily, Daily; Mother of Mercy; Pilgrims of the Night; Jesus is God; Litany of the Blessed Virgin; Jesus, My God and My All; Litany of Blessed Virgin; Ave Maris Stella; Hail, Thou Sea Star Gleaming.
WILLIAM DOLMAN, 234, Pitt-street.

"REVIEW", Freeman's Journal (29 October 1859), 2

Catholic Hymns, Litanies, &c., arranged with an easy organ accompaniment. Sydney: W. Dolman, 1859. Permissu Superiorum.

We have great pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to this very elegant and extensive collection of Catholic Hymns, with Music. It is the very thing of which our Catholic schools, congregations, and families, have long felt the want; and they will be guilty of a great error of judgment, if not something worse, if they do not so patronise the work as to encourage the publisher in similar efforts.

A glance at the contents of the publication will shew that utility has been chiefly studied in its compilation - that old familiar airs have been preferred to more modern compositions; and even in the case of the more modern hymns by Faber and others, the melodies to which they hare been for some time sung have been preferred to others which some fastidious persons might consider better adapted to express their sentiment. Thus, we have the old O Salutaris and Tantum ergo in F, the Veni Sancte Spiritus in the same key, by Webbe, the same composer's Tantum ergo in A. Then again we have the old and beautiful Veni Creator in the Gregorian 8th Tone; the not less beautiful Adeste Fideles, which one never tires hearing; the well known Stabat Mater, O Sanctissima, &c. Of the modern pieces we would especially call attention to Jesus Crucified, set to one of Haydn's finest melodies from the "Passione;" O Flower of Grace, adapted to one of Mozart's inimitable gems; Dr. Lingard's Hail Queen of Heaven and to a most beautiful Litany of the Blessed Virgin, by Richardson. The well known "Daily, Daily," "Jesus my Lord," "O purest of Creatures," "Immaculate," &c., &c., are, as we have said, set to the airs with which our ears have become familiar, and if we are obliged to say that they are not equal to the airs previously noticed, we think the publisher has used a wise discretion in retaining them in preference to others less familiar; and it will be easy in future publications to increase the variety of melodies, of which he has, we believe, an inexhaustible collection at his command.

In point of "getting up," this is by far the handsomest musical publication that the colony has yet produced. The printing is quite beautiful, and the price, considering the number and variety of the pieces, is uncommonly low. If, therefore, there should be three months hence a single church, or school, or Catholic family, without sacred music, seeing that a collection so useful and so cheap is now within their reach, it will be difficult to account for such a want of taste and energy.

It may be proper to add that the whole of the music in this collection is within the reach of the most ordinary performer.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (27 August 1862), 7

CATHOLIC HYMN BOOK. THE NEW EDITION of the CATHOLIC HYMN BOOK is now ready, price One shilling. WILLIAM DOLMAN, 234 Pitt street.

"THE BOY VIOLINIST", Freeman's Journal (14 August 1897), 16 

"DEATH OF MR. W. DOLMAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1902), 6

"WILLIAM DOLMAN", Freeman's Journal (7 June 1902), 21

"THE LATE MR. W. DOLMAN", Freeman's Journal (7 June 1902), 23

. . . The late William Dolman, who had passed his seventieth year, came from a fine old family of landed English gentry, who flourished centuries ago in Yorkshire, but had suffered spoliation of estate rather than give up the Faith. He was born at St. Omer, France, and received his secondary education at St. Edmund's College in Hertfordshire, England. It is about fifty years since Mr. Dolman, then a very young man, arrived in Sydney. Almost immediately he was appointed to a professorship in St. Mary's Seminary . . . When the Seminary merged itself in Lyndhurst College Mr. Dolman for some time filled the professorship of French in that famous college. In the meantime, however, he had in the very early sixties started a Catholic book repository, and a little later joined the proprietary of the "Freeman's Journal," with which he was associated till 1869, as managing partner with the late Richard Blundell and the late Richard O'Sullivan, Mr. Thomas Butler succeeding the last named both as proprietor and editor . . .


Catholic hymns: a manual for the afternoon services [third edition] (Sydney: W. Dolman, 1859) 

Catholic hymns: a manual for the afternoon services; a new and improved edition containing, besides the English catholic hymns, the vespers and complin for Sundays, with the Latin hymns for the principal feasts of the year, night prayers, &c. - 4th edition (Sydney: W. Dolman, 1862) 

Bibliography and resources:

William Henry Dolman, Genealogy data of Dolman or Dowman, of Pocklington

William Dolman, Sydney aldermen, City of Sydney 

William Dolman, Australian Prints + Printmaking, Centre for Australian art 

DOMENY DE RIENZI, Grégoire Louis

Observer and transcriber of Indigenous chant

Born France 1789 ?
Landed in Arnhem Land, North Australia, c.1830
Died France, 1843 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Arnhem Land song (Domeney de Rienzi 1836, 81)

The explorer and ethnographer chevalier Domeny de Rienzi had arrived at Bombay, via the Red Sea, late in 1825. He later travelled into South East Asia, and presumably collected this Air australien des sauvages de la terre d'Arnheim having landed in Arnhem Land around 1830. It was published in his Oceanie; ou cinquieme partie du monde . . . tome premier (Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1836), 81.

See also entry in Checklist of Indigenous song transcriptions: 


"CHEVALIER DE RIENZI", The Asiatic Journal (February 1826), 240

Bibliography and resources:

"G. L. Domeny de Rienzi", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

DON, Emily Eliza (Emily Eliza SAUNDERS; wife of William Henry DON; Lady DON; Mrs. WILTON)

Actor, vocalist

Born c. 1827/30
Married (1) William Henry DON (1825-1862), England, 1857
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 16 December 1860 (per Blue Jacket, from Liverpool, 24 September)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 26 May 1862 (per Lincolnshire, for England)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 25 May 1864 (per Suffolk, from London via Plymouth, 29th February)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 15 January 1866 (per Otago, via Nelson, New Zealand, for California)
Died London, England, 20 September 1875, age "about 45 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Lady Don, caricature by M. S. (Monty Scott), Melbourne Punch (24 November 1864), 2

Lady Don, caricature by "M. S." (Monty Scott); with "VERSES ON A GALLANT SAILOR", Melbourne Punch (24 November 1864), 2 


William and Emily Don arrived in Melbourne in December 1860, and made their colonial debut at the Theatre Royal, on Monday 21 January 1861, in The child of the regiment, as translated by Charles Jeffery's and with Charles Glover's arrangements of some of Donizetti's original music.

In Sydney, where they made their debut on 1 April, shortly afterwards were published the Scottish song My Johnny was a shoe-maker, as "sung by Lady Don", and My own sweetheart William, in new arrangements by Charles Packer.

And in Sydney in June 1861, J. R. Clarke published John Winterbottom's tribute to her, The Lady Don valse.

On its publication in Sydney in mid 1861, Isaac Nathan claimed to have composed his Tennyson setting Circumstance for her, though there is no evidence that she ever sang it in public.

William Don died in Hobart, TAS, on 19 March 1862, aged 36.


First tour (December 1860 to May 1862):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . ARRIVED", The Argus (17 December 1860), 4 

DEC. 16 . . . Blue Jacket, White Star ship, 1,442 tons, James White, from Liverpool 24th September. Passengers - cabin: Sir William Don, bart., Lady Don, child and servant . . .

[News], The Argus (22 January 1861), 4 

In Sir William and Lady Don, who made their first appearance at the Theatre Royal last night, Melbourne has at length found something new . . . Perhaps Lady Don could have selected few characters in which she would be sure of securing the goodwill of a Melbourne audience, and, at the same time, of giving them a fair test of her abilities, as that of the Daughter of the Regiment. Criticism upon so graceful a performance, which without the least effort, made its way at once to the sensibilities of all - pit, circle, and gallery, is what we scarcely feel inclined for. But the merit of the acting was almost thrown into the shade by the very charming manner in which the several songs put into the mouth of Josephine were sung. Lady Don has not a very powerful voice, but one of a peculiar, rich, mellow quality, as clear as a bell, a perfectly pure intonation, and taste and expression enough for the most fastidious musician. In short we might multiply epithets in its praise, for a more exquisite ballad voice we have not heard - certainly not in Australia. "From life's early morning," "Ask me not why," and the sparkling "Search through the wide world," were all given with a freshness and piquancy which could scarcely have been surpassed; but still better was the effect of "Ever of thee," in the second part. Lady Don was more than once encored, and she well merited the compliment. In the character of Margery, in "The Rough Diamond," Lady Don sang the Scotch ballad, "Macgregor's Gathering," with great spirit, and, though much fatigued, was obliged to repeat it. Her style of acting is refined, but full of a quiet archness which is peculiarly taking . . .

MUSIC: From life's early morning ("Apparvi alla luce") (Donizetti; arr. Glover); Ask me not why (Donizetti, arr. Glover) Search through the wide world (Donizetti; arr. Glover); Ever of thee (Foley Hall)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (26 January 1861), 5 

Under the auspices of the Caledonian Society the performances at the Royal last night were a marked success. Seldom this season has the theatre been graced by a more brilliant or crowded audience. Burns's Anniversary is a white stone day to all Scotsmen, and indeed to all lovers of manly worth throughout the world. Even the somewhat remote connection between the poet and the principal artiste of the evening, was a bond of union sufficient to connect the memories of the past with the new homes of many, the descendants of those that toiled and lived and suffered like Burns, in the years that are past. The selections from the works of the world-famed bard were skilfully made. Love, freedom, and friendship, found their echo in "Ye Banks and Braes," "Scots Wha Hae," "John Anderson, my Jo," and "Should Auld Acquaintance be Forgot." The singular good taste which characterized Lady Don's rendering of these songs, deserves high praise. Nothing could be more touching than the pathos that breathed through "John Anderson, my Jo," or more thrilling than the bold energy of "Scots Wha Hae." The life picture that illustrated this martial strain was in admirable keeping, and deservedly shared the applause bestowed upon the fair artiste. "Guy Mannering" was, all things considered, well put upon the stage . . . Lady Don, as Julia Mannering, had but little to do, save singing a part in a duet, and the old Scotch songs, "Charlie is my darling," and "Annie Laurie," the former of which was brilliantly executed, although the latter, if we may hint a fault, was perhaps a little too boisterous in parts which, "Like winds in summer sighing," we conceive ought to fall softly on the ears as the reality itself . . .

[News], The Argus (18 February 1861), 5 

Lady Don was welcomed by a bumper house on the occasion of her benefit at the Theatre Royal on Saturday night, and her reception in all parts of the audience was unusually flattering. The character of Josephine, in "The Child of the Regiment," was that in which she made her first appearance before the public of Melbourne, and is one eminently suited to her talents. The incidental songs, especially "Ask me not why," and the famous "Rataplan," were given with all her accustomed finish and vivacity . . . "The Good for Nothing" came last, in which Lady Don made an extraordinary hit in a comic song entitled "My Johnny was a Shoemaker," which was sung with so much point and raciness that she was compelled to submit to a double encore . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (1 April 1861), 1 

SIR WILLIAM AND LADY DON . . . their first appearance in Sydney
THIS (MONDAY) EVENING, will be produced the charming Musical Drama of the
During the piece, LADY DON will sing "From Life's Early Morning," "Ask Me Not Why," "Search Thro' the Wide World," "France is my Country," "Ever of Thee," and the "Rataplan."
Concluding with Buckstone's very excellent Farce of THE ROUGH DIAMOND . . .
MARGERY - LADY DON. In which character she will give her famous rendering of MACGREGOR'S GATHERING . . .

"THE THEATRE. FIRST APPEARANCE OF SIR WILLIAM AND LADY DON", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1861), 7 

Last night Sir William and Lady Don commenced their professional engagement at the Victoria in the presence of an excellent audience, the theatre being densely crowded in every part, and the dress boxes in particular filled with a highly respectable audience. The principal piece of the evening was the beautiful musical drama of the "Child of the Regiment," in which the character of Josephine was sustained with infinite grace and spirit by Lady Don, the part of Guillot (her Tyrolean lover) being most successfully played by the baronet. In the course of the piece - which went off with great effect - Lady Don sang several songs, and in the afterpiece, the "Rough Diamond," she introduced her famous rendering of the Macgregors Gathering. Her acting obviously gave great satisfaction to the large and discriminating audience, and her singing was received with bursts of cordial applause. In "Ask me not why," "Ever of thee," and the merry, martial strain of "Rataplan," she was loudly and enthusiastically encored . . .

"OLYMPIC THEATRE. SIR WILLIAM AND LADY DON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [Maitland, NSW] (27 June 1861), 2 

Monday night the Olympic Theatre, West Maitland, was opened for the week, under the management of Mr. C. H. Burford; and Sir William and Lady Don, together with a superior company, made their bow to a moderately-filled house. The evening's entertainment commenced with the two-act operatic drama of "Tho Child of the Regiment" . . . Lady Don sustained the character of Josephine, and played and sung, though suffering from a severe cold, with exquisite taste and feeling, her compass of voice being great and effective. We can only regret that she was so inefficiently accompanied on the pianoforte especially in that well-known song "Search thro' the Wide World." The songs introduced and sung by her Ladyship were: - "From Life's Early Morning," "Ask me not Why," "Search thro' the Wide World," "Ever of Thee," and the Rataplan - all of which were rendered in a masterly style . . .

On Tuesday evening the performance commenced with "The Serious Family" . . . Her ladyship sang "Goodbye Sweetheart " with great taste and feeling, and we thought was better accompanied on the piano than on the previous evening . . . The entertainment closed with the farce "Good for Nothing," in which Lady Don played Nan, and sang "My Johnny was a Shoemaker, in which she was encored twice . . .

MUSIC: Goodbye sweetheart, goodbye (Hatton)

"The late Sir William Don, Bart", Illawarra Mercury (27 May 1862), 2 

The Argus states, that the other day, the Harrowby, which sailed from Hoburt Town for England, conveyed the remains of Sir William Don to their final resting place . . . Lady Don has taken her passage for England and in the Lincolnshire, which sails from Hobson's Bay in a few days.

Second tour (May 1864 to January 1866):

"SHIPPING. HOBSON'S BAY . . . ARRIVED, MAY 25", The Herald (26 May 1864), 3

Suffolk, ship, 1205 tons, W. M, Merryman, from London, via Plymouth 29th February. Passengers - Cabin: . . . Lady Don . . .

Inkstand and jewel case, by Joachim Matthias Wendt, presented to Emily Don, Adelaide, 22 August 1865 (photo: Townsend Duryea)

Inkstand and jewel case, by Joachim Matthias Wendt, presented to Emily Don, Adelaide, 22 August 1865; photograph by Townsend Duryea (image kindly supplied by Shane Le Plastrier, 2020)

"TESTIMONIAL TO LADY DON", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (26 August 1865), 3 

It is always a gratifying duty to chronicle the reward of merit, or recognition of talent, and it is therefore with pleasure that we have to refer to a very handsome present which was made to Lady Don by a number of friends on Tuesday morning. Her Ladyship has exercised a very healthy influence on the stage during the successful season which has just been brought to a close, and it was thought fitting, prior to leaving the shores of south Australia, to acknowledge in some tangible way the respect in which she is held as a lady, while, at the same time, recognising her undoubted talent and character as an actress. A hint that a testimonial should be given to lady Don was accordingly at once taken up, and a considerable amount of money was at once subscribed, with which a very handsome and superb ink stand and jewel case complete was purchased for Her Ladyship . . . The inkstand is a very beautiful and elaborate piece of work obtained from the establishment of Mr. J. M. Wendt, and entirely of colonial manufacture. The base of the inkstand rests upon four shields formed of malachite and set in silver, around which droop the flowers of the Sturt pea, which are worked in gold. On the ground are represented figures of emus, kangaroos, and dogs in gold, and two figures of natives - one of them a man in the act of throwing a spear, and the other a lubra in a sitting position with a "picaninny" on her back. These are worked in oxydised silver, and the rude garments usually worn by the blacks are of gold thrown in a neglige style around the figures. At either end of the stand risas a grass tree, the stems of which form the lids to the inkstand, which are sunk into the base. The jewel case is in the centre. It is a beautifully colored emu egg, appropriately mounted in silver and capped by an oxydised silver figure of a black swan. The interior of the egg is lined with, crimson velvet. The whole will rest upon a colonial blackwood stand, and will be covered by a large glass case. On the whole, it is a most elaborate and creditable piece of workmanship. It weighs 85 ounces, stands 11 inches high, and is 16 inches in length. Its cost was 100 guineas. The following terse inscription is placed upon it: - "Presented to Lady Don by the citizens of Adelaide as a token of respect and esteem." Lady Don left Adelaide on Tuesday to embark on board the Aldinga, for Mebourne.

"SHIPPING . . . CLEARANCES - JANUARY 15", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (16 January 1866), 4 

OTAGO, Steamer, 437 tons, Randall, for Nelson. Passengers - Lady Don and servant . . .

Obituary (1875):

"Lady Don", The Herald (27 September 1875), 3 

The morning papers announce the death of this favorite actress, in England. Lady Don was the daughter of an actor named Saunders, well known in London. Miss Saunders went upon the stage, as might have been expected,, and quickly rose to celebrity through her beautiful voice in singing. The late Sir William Don, as a man about town, became acquainted with the young actress; and married her. His finances ran to a low ebb, whereupon he startled his relatives by taking to the stage. Sir William and Lady Don became great stars in the profession. In the height of their fnme they came to Australia, fifteen years ago, appearing at the Theatre Royal. Sir William Don mainly attracted notice from his extraordinary height, being over six feet and a half. His acting was described as "Buckstone magnified, with an infusion of Compton." It cannot be said that his powers were great, but he was very amusing as Long Tom Coffin, Dandie Dinmont, and other characters. Lady Don was recognised as one of the finest singers ever heard in Australia. Sir William Don died in Tasmania, about eighteen months after arriving here. Lady Don returned to England, and took up her abode with Sir William's relatives. Afterwards she reappeared on the stage, and visited Australia again. She played very successfully at the Haymarket Theatre, Melbourne. Then her ladyship went to England once more, and performed in all parts of the United Kingdom. She took her passage for Melbourne in the Northumberland, somewhere about two years, ago, but forfeited the passage money. Lady Don did not maintain her high level in the profession to the last, but was reduced to appear at minor places of amusement. Her age would be about forty-five years.

Other sources:

Collection of theatre broadsides relating to Lady Don and her tours of Tasmania, Victoria, New South Wales, New Zealand and the United States of America; National Library of Australia (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Nicole Anae, "Adventures in nineteenth-century gender-bending: Lady Emilia Don in Tasmania, 1862 and 1865", Australasian drama studies 48 (April 2006), 30-48 (DIGITISED)

DONDI, Enrico (Enrico DONDI; Signor DONDI)

Bass vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 15 January 1870 (per Yorkshire, from London)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 4 November 1875 (per Pera, for Europe) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], The Argus (27 November 1869), 4

"THE OPERA TROUPE FOR AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (17 January 1870), 4 

The first instalment of Messrs. Lyster and Smith's English, Italian, and French opera company (who are to open at the Theatre Royal on February 5), arrived in Melbourne per ship Yorkshire, from London, on Saturday last. It includes the "leading ladies" of the troupe - Mdlle. Lucia Barratti, prima donna soprano; Miss Lucy Chambers, prima donna contralto - and the primo basso, Signor Enrico Dondi . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1875), 12

"SIGNOR DONDI'S FAREWELL. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (3 November 1875), 6 

Sir, - Will you permit me, in your columns, to say good bye to the "troops of friends" I have made in Victoria during my six years' sojourn in this part of the world? I had hoped to have taken my leave at a musical gathering in the Town-hall, but as other arrangements somewhat conflicted with my own, I have had to abandon this purpose. For all that, I am sure yon will believe me when I say that I am very grateful for the unvarying kindness which has been shown to me on the many occasions I have enjoyed of appearing before the public, with whom I have had nothing but pleasant relations. I leave by the outgoing mail for my own beautiful Italy, but I am not likely to forget Victoria and the generous welcome with which I was received when first I came hither. I shall always feel that I have a right to be considered an Australian colonist and all that concerns this new and wonderful country will ever have for me the strongest interest, even if I should never return. I am not, however, without hope that circumstances will soon bring me back again. I am sure that beneath these bright blue skies a love of music is universal, and I trust I may have an opportunity of practically encouraging it. Indeed, considering the youth of the colony and its limited population, its progress in all the arts is wonderful, and this, believe me, it will give me great pleasure in making known in Europe whenever I shall have the opportunity. For your own goodness to me, and for that of the whole Australian press, let me tender my most heartfelt thanks; and with one more addio to all my friends, personal and public, I am, &c.,

[News], The Argus (5 November 1875), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 192-232 passim

Alison Gyger, Opera for the antipodes (Sydney: Currency Press, Pellinor, 1990), 148-204 passim, 252, 253

DOTT, M. B. (M. B. DOTT)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864 (shareable link to this entry)

Musical works:

M. B. Dott's The volunteer polka, in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 April 1864) (DIGITISED)

DOUAY, René (René DOUAY)

Cellist, harmonium player, composer

Born Landrecies, Valenciennes, France, 1 April 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 11 August 1861 (per Wellesley, from London, via Plymouth, 11 May)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1864
Died Paris, France, ? 1877 (? 1892) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Rene Douay, May 1862 (Samuel Calvert, engraver)

René Douay, The Illustrated Melbourne post (May 1862) (Samuel Calvert, engraver) (DIGITISED)


Having been playing together in Paris since as early as 1856, Douay and Horace Poussard appeared in London in 1860.

From there, in May 1861 they sailed for Australia, and gave their first concerts in Melbourne, then touring to Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia before going to New Zealand.

Their portmanteau musical entertainment Dead Heroes, celebrating and commemorating the Burke and Wills expedition, was a major part of their Australian concerts, and later also in New Zealand. In Adelaide in November 1862, Douay added to it a Homage composed (impromptu) and dedicated to McKinlay and Party (by Mon. Rene Douay and translated (from the French) by R. G. Wooldridge Esq.), however no original music survives, and there are few indications of pre-existing works that may have formed part of it (see below).

In 1864, Douay, suffered a mental breakdown in Melbourne and was sent home to France, there to remain in an asylum for much of the rest of his life. He was reported to have died in the Asile ds St. Anne, in Paris, in 1877, though the date (possibly later) and place of his death have not, so far, been able to be confirmed.


"Aus Paris", Süddeutsche Musik-Zeitung 7/11 (15 March 1858), 43

Lassen Sie mich vor allen Dingen von dem Concerte reden, das der hiesige Gesangverein Germania am 28. Februar im Salle Bonne-Nouvelle gab . . . Violoncellist Réné Douay wirkten in diesem Concerte mit und erfreuten sich eines sehr lebhaften Beifalls. Das Publikum war grossentheils aus Deutschen zusammengesetzt; doch waren auch viele Franzosen anwesend, die ihre Befriedigung in den wärmsten Ausdrücken äusserten.

"MUSIQUE ET THÉATRE", Le Ménestrel : journal de musique (17 October 1858), 4 

MM. Horace Poussard, violoniste, René Douay, violoncelliste, et son frère Amédée Douay, chanteur, ont entrepris une tournée artistique depuis le mois de juin, et les journaux de France et de l'étranger retentissent des succès que ces trois artistes ont obtenu de compagnie. M. René Douay a interrompu un instant cette périgrinalion pour aller remplir un engagement à Bade, où il a eu, le 9 de ce mois, les honneurs d'un intéressant concert.

"MM. RENÉ DOUAY AND HORACE POUSSARD'S MATINÉE MUSICALE (July 10) . . .", The Musical World [London, England] (28 July 1860), 480

. . . took place at Collards' new concert room. With the exception of a quartet by Beethoven, for two violins, tenor, and violoncello, executed by Messrs. Horace Poussard (first violin), Otto Bernard (second violin), Schreurs (tenor), and Rene Douay (violoncello), the programme was of a nonclassical kind, the instrumental pieces being for the most part the composition of the players, and the vocal music in almost every instance being taken from the repertory of the French school. M. Poussard played Reber's La Barceuse, and a Morceau, by himself, called Rondo du Nuit, both most admirably, and with great effect. M. Rene Douay introduced a serenade by Schubert, and displayed great powers of execution and a fine round tone; and both artists joined in a duet for violin and violoncello, on airs from Semiramide . . .

"PLYMPOUTH MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Western Morning News [Plymouth, England] (10 May 1861), 3

Last night M. M. Poussard and Rene Douay, whose performances at the Royal Hotel we have recently criticised, gave a farewell concert the Mechanics’ Institute. The attendance was not so large as could have been desired, owing, probably, to the want of sufficient publicity to the announcement of the entertainment. The programme upon this occasion was not of course so select those of the Chamber Concerts, but it was well adapted for the audience. The evening opened by a duet between M. M. Poussard and Douay, which proved that these gentlemen were resolved to maintain to the lust the reputation which they have won. M. Prins, organist the Roman Catholic Cathedral, followed with a fantasia by Chopin, which was admirably played on the pianoforte. Mrs. Dinnis then gave a pretty song, by Lenz, which was beautifully accompanied M. Douay on the violoncello. By way of showing the variety of their powers, M. M. Poussard and Douay gave the audience a comic song, and this and another comic song in the second part elicited peals of laughter and loud applause. Perhaps the greatest treat of all was the solo on the violoncello by M. Douay, who astonished his audience the marvellous sweetness of the strains which he drew forth from his unwieldy instrument. The concert concluded by a quartette from Mendelssohn's St. Paul, the celebrated solo "Jerusalem," in which Mrs. Dinnis was the vocalist, and was accompanied M. De Prins on the piano, and by M. M. Poussard and Douay, respectively, on the violin and violoncello. Each did the allotted part well, and a good concert was brought to a successful termination.

[News], The Argus (19 August 1861), 4

We have had the pleasure of being present at a private concert, or rehearsal, given by MM. Horace Poussard and René Douay, two musical celebrities recently arrived in this colony, who will shortly make their appearance in public. M. Horace Poussard is a violinist, and at the early age of sixteen carried off the first prize at the Conservatoire, Paris. He made his first appearance in London at the Saturday Concerts in the Crystal Palace, and is spoken of very highly by the English and French press. M. René Douay likewise obtained the first prize at the Conservatoire, as a violoncello performer, and is a perfect master of that difficult instrument. Indeed, the effects he produces - the richness, delicacy, and variety of the tones he elicits - the velocity with which he executes the chromatic scales - the unerring precision which characterizes every movement of the bow, as well as his rapid fingering, are very remarkable; and in the Carnival de Paris - a composition from his own pen - the violoncello exhibits resources which, we are confident, will be as unexpected as they are delightful to the majority of M. Douay's auditors . . . Both these artistes are clever buffo vocalists, and are versatile performers as instrumentalists, although their specialty is the violin and violoncello respectively.

"TOPICS OF THE WEEK", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (17 May 1862), 4 

In the window of Mr. Aldridge's Shades, King William-street, may be seen the certificates of Messrs. Poussard and Douay, the violin and violincello players. These documents are in the French language, and are official, being countersigned by the Minister Secretary of State for the department of the Interior, and by the Commissaire of the Imperial Government. The first of these certificates is from the "Conservatoire National de Musique et de Declamation," and bears date December 2, 1849, when it was issued to Horace Remi Poussard, at that time 20 years of age, and the first prizeman for the violin. The second certificate is headed "Conservatoire Imperial de Musique et de Declamation," and is dated November 30, 1856. This was issued to Louis Rene Paul Douay, as the first prizeman for the violoncello, and who was born at Landricies, April 1, 1836. The third certificate is from the "Acadamie Universelle des Artes, Manufactures, Sciences, Musique, Belles Lettres, et Beaux Artes." There are also various prize medals and ribbons obtained by these talented musicians. All of the above are displayed in a large frame by the side of the photographs, which we have before mentioned of Messrs. Poussard and Douay.

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (31 May 1862), 2

The last piece deserves especial notice, being variations recently composed by M. Douay, on Wallace's "Sweet Spirit, Hear my Prayer", and played for the first time on Friday evening. M. Douay recently advertised the song (in Adelaide), and having obtained a copy, composed the variations, and brought them out with brilliant success a few days after. It was a beautiful composition, and exquisitely performed.

"LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 November 1862), 2


The first performance of this popular and striking composition took place in the Provincial Hall on Tuesday . . . "The Dead Heroes" - has not been inaptly termed a "musical poem"; and it is so, just as the doings and painful fate of the Australian explorers, Burke, Wills, and King, and their compatriots, form a sad tragic poem of colonization. Throughout the piece the attention of the audience was silently rivetted, and the moods of mind and feeling were changed as the progress and changes of the poem became developed. We can give here but a brief analysis of the piece which is the production of the united efforts of Messrs. Poussard and Douay's abilities as composers. The synopsis given in the programme helps the audience to follow the rationale of the composition, and the music insensibly carries them through the progress of the unfortunate expedition until a lingering and painful death terminates the career of the last but one of that brave band of explorers.

The following points are what the music describes: -

Preparations for departure of the expedition - Adieu - Start - Songs of the birds - Evening - Recollections of home -The route - Storm - The hot winds - Work accomplished - The departure from Carpentaria - Sufferings of the explorers - Hope - Cooper's Creek - Deserted depot - Despair - Approach of death - Heavenly music - Prayer - Closed eyes.

The hurry of departure is represented by a quick movement indicative of bustle. This glides into a sad air descriptive of sorrow and parting, then follows the popular marching air of "Cheer boys, cheer," so applicable to those who leave the comforts of an advanced civilization to explore an unknown region, the departure of the expedition being well shown by the gradual dying of the air from the tumultuous tones of its immediate presence to the happy mildest pianissimo, which dies out in the far off distance, reminding the hearer of Berger's effective composition, "The Band Passes". The song of birds is excellently imitated, and the coming of the "twilight hour", reduced to a few minutes on this side the world, is indicated and succeeded by "Recollections of Home", which the repose of the evening would afford time for conjuring up, and which find expression in the never tiring strains of "Home, sweet home." The continuance of the march next morning is followed by a storm, by the hot wind causing suffering and exhaustion to the men, and terror and danger to the horses and camels. This scene is a portrayal of suffering; and you seem, to hear its wail. Then there comes the joy of discovery of the great Indian Ocean, the accomplishment of the great object of the journey, and the attempted return home; which latter was a long course of fatal trial and death; the wretchedness of disappointment on arriving at the deserted depot being followed by the calmness of despair and resignation to the fate that overtook so many. The "last scene of all" is painfully touching to all who know the sad story. The sweet affectionate air "My own dear native isle", the air to whose notes the African explorer Lander listened as he died in the far interior of Africa, with only one white friend by him, being here effectively introduced and replaced by the strains of "Heavenly music" as earthly feelings seem to pass away. It is almost a relief when this piece is over, the melancholy ending and the ideas that throng the mind as the music goes on to its close being too intense for long continuance.

The composition is a credit to the talent of the composers, and its performance is a great success. There is one point in the music worth notice, and that is that the organ swell introduced in the latter part, indicative of heavenly music, was rather too strong on Tuesday night, and would require modifying. This is the only suspicion of a fault we have to hint throughout the entire piece, and it is one easily remedied. . . . A musical performance more sustained and effective than the "Dead Heroes" was never before listened to in Nelson.

"MESSRS. POUSSARD & DOUAY", South Australian Register (13 July 1864), 2

. . . M. Douay's health appears still to give much uneasiness to his friends; but he is not wholly unable to exercise his talents in public . . .

[News], The Herald (30 July 1864), 2 

The following notice appears in the Police Gazette under the head of "missing friends." - "Information is requested respecting Harris Poussard and Rene Douay, Frenchmen, well known as musicians, recently advertised to per1 form at the Polytechnic, Melbourne; they did not, however, appear. Poussard, aged about 35, 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, slight build, dark complexion, hair, and eyes, and smooth face; Douay, aged about 32, about 5 feet 10 inches high, fair complexion, hair, and whiskers, light moustache, shaven chin, and stooping gait. - 27th July, I864." The statement that Messrs. Poussard and Douay did not appear at the Polytechnic Institute is not correct. We believe that M. Poussard left the colony by the last mail steamer.

"POUSSARD & DOUAY", South Australian Register (13 August 1864), 2 

Letters have been received by a gentleman in Adelaide from Mons. Horace Poussard, by which it appears that owing to the mental aberration of Mons. Douay becoming more aggravated, his Victorian friends, including the French Consul, deemed it advisable to send him home to France . . .

"ARTISTES AND THEIR WANDERINGS", The Mercury (13 September 1869), 3

. . . Hearing that M. Douay had recovered his reason, MM. [Robert] Smythe and Poussard proceeded to Europe for the purpose of re-engaging that powerful performer, but only to see him as in inmate of a private lunatic asylum near Paris, and in a number of the Court Journal to hand by this mail, we find in the Paris correspondent's letter a painfully interesting account of a visit made to the unfortunate artiste by Her Majesty the Empress of the French, who is stated to have been moved to tears by the pathetic performance of M. Douay, and by the distressing circumstances in which he was situated.

[News], Empire (5 October 1869), 3 

An English journal contains the following, which may prove interesting to those who have heard M. Douay's performances on the violoncello in the colonies, whilst travelling in company with M. Poussard.

Last week (writes the Paris correspondent of the Court Journal) the Empress paid a visit to the Asyle St. Anne, and while making the tour of the asylum her Majesty became transfixed by the flood of harmony which seemed to emanate from one of the private apartments. It was from the violoncello of our poor D----, whom you remember scarcely half a dozen years ago as the musical lion of London and Paris, proclaimed as the greatest phenomenon of the age, the favourite of queens, the protege of emperors. Here, then, does he hide his poor distracted head, and here he is wearing out the sad remainder of his days. Her Majesty, who had heard much of his wondrous talent, demanded permission to hear him play. The director of the establishment willingly consented, as for some little time past the musician had been tranquil enough. He was accordingly ushered into the august presence, and to outward seeming betrayed no symptoms of insanity. The high rank of the visitor was of course kept concealed, and nothing appeared more natural than that a lady, a great lover of music, having heard his violoncello while walking in the garden, should wish to hear the performer execute some of those pieces which had once created such a sensation. He consented at once, and began to play, one of his most renowned compositions. The passionate sounds - more powerful even than in his days of popularity - seemed to stir the listeners to the utmost depths of the soul. In a few moments the Empress was moved to tears, and the whole assembly was over-come with emotion. "Whoever would think this man a lunatic?" whispered her Majesty in the ear of the director, who placed, his fingers on his lips to enjoin silence, for at that very moment the musician, laying aside his instrument, proceeded to take off his boot, and having flung it out of the open window, proceeded with his performance with even more taste and feeling than before - The director all the time motioned to the assembly to keep quiet and not move. Presently another pause, and the other boot followed the same direction. This time the renewal of the music was so touching that it had become painful. A third pause ensued, and as the performer proceeded to unbutton his waistcoat, the director, who knew from experience what the succeeding pauses were sure to end in, quietly opened the door, bidding the Illustrious visitor and her suite to follow him out without noise or excitement. Well was it for the Imperial party that this was accomplished, for the violoncello was heard for some time longer with intervening pauses, and then loud shrieks and blasphemous curses succeeded to the music, and these were followed by the most heartrending expressions of despair. In this consists the insanity of the patient.

This peculiar form of the disease attacked him while in Australia, whither he had gone with two other musicians for the purpose of giving concerts. He was seized suddenly, without previous warning, with a fit of madness while playing with his companions one of Mozart's trios, and to the utter consternation of the audience, began to divest himself of his boots which he flung into the pit, nor ceased until he had divested himself of every article of clothing. Never since that day was he able to play with any attention, or before any group of listeners, without being seized by the same insane desire. Every medical man in Europe has been consulted upon this singular manifestation of a disordered brain, but no cure has been found, and poor D----, in the very prime of life and zenith of his talents, lingers on a wretched lunatic in a charitable asylum.

[News], The Argus (24 July 1883), 7 

Several interesting items of musical intelligence come to hand by the mail. M. Horace Poussard, a distinguished eleve of the Paris Conservatoire, who visited the colonies several years ago, has resolved to make a flying trip to Australia, and will probably arrive by the Orient steamer Iberia. In Melbourne musical circles the name of Horace Poussard will be well remembered in connexion with that of Rene Douay, the violoncellist. When Miss Catherine Hayes returned to Europe from Australia, the two young Frenchmen had just been awarded the grand prix of the Conservatoire, and in the hope of reaping a golden harvest they came to the antipodes on the recommendation of that gifted cantatrice. Although the musical culture of the colonies was not then in its present advanced state, the Poussard-Douay concerts everywhere attracted large audiences, and it was during the New Zealand portion of their tour that M. Douay first exhibited those indications of the mental aberration from which he continued to suffer until his death in the Asile de St. Anne, near Paris . . .

Extant musical works:

Le Songe du Réprouvé. Fantaisie-Polka Mazurka. Composée et Dédiée à Monsieur César Pagnien par René Douay". Pour piano; Ms. autogr. 

La Maïade. Polka mazurka (pour piano) par René Douay (Paris: O. Legouix, [1854]) 

Sur les Flots! Nocturne légende pour violoncelle avec accompagnement de piano par René Douay, op. 4 (Paris: E. Ledentu, [1861]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Peggy Lais, "Horace Poussard and Dead heroes: a musical tribute to Burke and Wills", Context 23 (Autumn 2002), 23-32 (PDF FREE DOWNLOAD FROM THIS PAGE);dn=199092705107032;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

"The Expiring Explorer & The Dead Heroes by Poussard and Douay", Burke & Wills Web: digital reserach archive

DOUGHERTY, Thomas Heywood (Thomas Heywood DOUGHERTY)

Violinist, viola player, music reviewer (Brisbane Courier)

Born Huddersfield, England; ? baptised, St. Peter's, Huddersfield, 21 January 1841; son of Matthew and Grace DOUGHERTY
Arrived Moreton Bay, QLD, 3 June 1866 (per Southern Ocean)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 1 June 1930, "aged 84" (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 November 1874), 1

"Mr. R. T. Jefferies' Farewell", The Queenslander (21 May 1887), 820

"Mr. T. H. DOUGHERTY", The Brisbane Courier (1 July 1930), 20

With the passing away of Mr. Thomas Heywood Dougherty on the first day of last month Brisbane lost a citizen who had long been connected with the intellectual, musical, and professional life of the community. The late Mr. Dougherty, just out of his 'teens, arrived in Moreton Bay from London in the sailing ship Southern Ocean on June 3, 1866. He was a native of Huddersfield, in Yorkshire, but he had spent three months with his parents in Liverpool, and it was seeing the ships there that prompted him to cross the seas, to leave, as he wrote 50 years later, "dear old England and seek the wonder of the much boomed colony of Queensland at the outposts of civilisation." The young adventurer was not long in finding a billet; he became assistant secretary to the School of Arts, which was then in Creek-street. Soon after that he entered the Education Department, and was for some years a teacher at the Valley School. In 1880 he entered the Real Property Office, and in 1883 passed his examination as a conveyancer; and this profession he practiced actively till 1922, and still practiced in his retirement until almost his last days.

The late Mr. Dougherty was actively engaged in the early work of the Musical Union, in association with, the late Mr. R. T. Jefferies. For many years he was on the committee of the organisation, and for almost as long a term he led the orchestra, being regarded for many years as the leading amateur violinist in Brisbane. All this call upon his time, however, did not limit his activities; he expanded them also to the literary side, and, for four or five years in the '80's he wrote the musical notices in the "Courier". He was the chess editor of the "Queenslander" from 1893 to 1897, and for a great number of years was a voluminous contributor to both these journals, the "Queensland Punch", "The Boomerang", and "The Figaro". . . . He took up languages as of special interest, including Chinese, and was intensely interested in the work and writings of Sir Oliver Lodge. The late Mr. Dougherty, who was 84 years of age when he passed away, did not go away from Queensland once he set foot in the country, except for a trip of nine months' duration to South Africa three or four years ago . . .

DOUGLASS, Ellen [1] (alias of Ellen HATCH; Miss DOUGLASS; Miss DOUGLAS [sic])

Actor, vocalist

Born c. 1812
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1834, 1836
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 January 1838, aged "26" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


? [Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (14 February 1834), 1 

MISSES HATCH & SALMON, (FROM LONDON), Milliners, Dress-makers, AND FANCY CHILD-BED LINEN WORKERS, LOWER GEORGE STREET, (Opposite Jamieson Street.) . . . Misses H. and S. have brought from England a large and fashionable assortment of CAPS, COLLARS, PILLORINES, DRESSES, &c. . . .


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1834), 2

A Miss Hatch (we believe her name of is) lately appeared at the theatre, in the the character of Catherine, in Shakespeare's Catherine and Petruchio. Her success, so we are assured, was complete; she is said to read her author in a superior style, and altogether to have given promise of excellence hitherto unapproached on the Sydney stage.

"THEATRE", The Australian (20 March 1835), 2 

Giovanni and St. Patrick's Day went off on Wednesday night with great eclat, by a full and respectable audience. Miss. Douglass succeeded admirably in Giovanni, and reminded us of that established favorite at home, Madame Vestris. Her singing too, if not of the very first order, is very promising and agreeable, and with more practice, she will probably take the lead of our female warblers . . .

PIECES: Giovanni in London (Moncrieff); ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Vestris

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 July 1835), 2 

Theatre Royal, SYDNEY.
THE Public are respectfully informed, that in consequence of the continued indisposition of
MISS DOUGLASS, and the numerous applications for the Performance of the original and powerful Drama of
THE TOWER OF NELSE, and the Manager not being desirous of withdrawing the same
MRS. TAYLOR has undertaken the difficult and arduous character of
MARGEURITE, at a short notice . . .

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 September 1836), 2

. . . The song by Miss Douglass was tolerable; this lady has a soft pleasing voice, but by no means a powerful one . . .

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Times (14 January 1837), 3 

The Play-going folks expect a treat on Monday evening, when Miss Douglass has selected for her benefit the highly popular and attractive pieces of Wradock Kennilson, The Lottery Ticket, and The Sultan, with which performances we regret to find that this Lady is about to take leave of the Stage, in consequence of continued ill-health. Her loss will be severely felt, and her place we fear not readily supplied. | We hope that she will have a bumper house at parting.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (24 March 1837), 2

. . . Miss Douglass sung, "Come dwell with me," very well . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Times (25 March 1837), 3 

. . . Miss Douglass sang "Come dwell with Me," with great taste, but in so pensive a manner as to command more feeling for the singer, than admiration of the song . . .

MUSIC: Come dwell with me (Lee)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Times (30 September 1837), 3 

Theatre Royal, Sydney.
MISS DOUGLASS' BENEFIT . . . Monday, October 2, 1837 . . .
for the first time here, the Caledonian Petite Opera, in One Act, called
Jessie, the flower of Dumblaine - Miss Douglass
In which she will sing the following Songs: - "Auld Robin Grey," "John Anderson my Jo," and "Why did I love?" . . .

PIECES: Jessie the flower of Dumblane (Addison); MUSIC: Why did I love? (Barnett)

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 January 1838), 2

The patrons of the Drama will be sorry to hear of the death of Miss Douglass, who, after a protracted illness, breathed her last yesterday morning. The stage will experience a loss by the demise of this actress, who in the higher walks of tragedy was unequalled in Sydney. Her Lady Macbeth, Alicia in Jane Shore, and many other characters of a similar cast, have not been surpassed or even equalled in this Colony. Douglass was an assumed name, only Hatch was the proper name of the deceased.

"The Late Miss Douglass. To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (19 January 1838), 3

. . . I regret the death of Miss Douglass. I know nothing of her private history, nor her private life. But she was a necessary adjunct of our Sydney infantile stage, and her loss will be deeply felt by the proprietor. It is due to female talent to say, that had Miss Douglass been able to take lessons of an English dramatic teacher, and been corrected in her pronunciation and manner of using the emphasis, which in Shakspeare she too often laid on the wrong word, she would have been a first-rate actress in New South Wales, and a second rate one in England. Like Knowles, she had genius, but it was uncultivated. Like all self-taught people, she was generally deficient; but nature shone out ever and anon, and proved what she would have been, had she been dramatically educated. I repeat, playgoers regret her loss; her absence from the Sydney Theatre will be deeply felt by the proprietor, and her sudden death, in the prime of life, is regretted by all kind-hearted persons, and the discerning and intelligent public; at least that small portion of it which feels an interest in the success of Australian theatricals.

Bibliography and resources:

Douglass, Miss (?-1838), Obituaries Australia 

DOUGLASS, Ellen [2] (Ellen Selina KELLY; Mrs. James Augustus DOUGLASS; Mrs. DOUGLASS)

Actor, vocalist (a pupil of Eliza Gibbs), ? dancer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1844
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1846
Active Adelaide, SA, 1847-51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DOUGLASS, James Augustus (James Augustus DOUGLASS; James John DOUGLASS; Mr. DOUGLASS)

Actor, theatrical manager, comedian, violinist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1844
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1846
Active Adelaide, SA, 1847-51;
Wagga Wagga, NSW, 1859;
Brisbane, QLD, 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1845 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DOUGLASS, Samuel Shakespeare (Samuel Shakespeare DOUGLASS)

Born Adelaide, SA, 1 April 1849; son of James John DOUGLASS and Ellen Selina KELLY


Born Adelaide, SA, 20 September 1850; daughter of James Augustus DOUGLASS and Ellen KELLY


[Advertising], The Australian (24 February 1844), 1

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 26th, 1844 . . . (for the first time in this colony), a Nautical Drama . . . entitled
Mrs. Harpoon - MRS. DOUGLASS . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 October 1844), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 10 . . . MRS. DOUGLASS Will make her first appearance as a Vocalist, and sing the admired Irish Melody, KATHLEEN MAVOURNEEN . . .

LINKS: Kathleen mavorneen (Crouch) (a late 1850s Sydney reprint from plates of edition engraved by Francis Ellard, mid 1840s; Douglass could well have performed from this edition)

David Burn, journal, (10 October 1844); State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2, page 157 (PAGE IMAGE) 

Thursday: 10 [October] . . . Went to the 99th delicious band and to the theatre in the evening, being monstrously down in the mouth. A female howled Kathleen Mavourneen. Her audacity surpassed all I conceived possible in woman, for albeit her howls were echoed by the yells of the house she and merit, persevered unflinchingly to the close, but came promptly back to a mock encore, again to undergo and seemingly with perfect self satisfaction, a repetition of her Triumphant reception. The farce was the £100 note, and in lieu of floral testimonies of approbation to the singer's entreaty to "buy a broom" she was liberally rewarded with showers of silver and copper which she picked up with much characteristic naivete.

ASSOCIATIONS: David Burn (playwright, author, diarist, songwriter)

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (7 June 1845), 4

June 5. - Brig Swan, 149 tons, Bell, master, for Port Phillip; J. Raven, agent. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Coppin and the following theatrical company: Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Jane Thompson, Miss E. Thompson, Mr. Young, Mr. and Mrs. Opie, Mr. Megson, Mr. and Mrs. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Hambleton, Mr. Howson, Mr. H. Howson, Mr. Wilks, Mr. and Mrs. Douglass, Mr. Ray.

"THE THEATRICAL EXAMINER", The Examiner (30 August 1845), 29

. . . The Huntsmen's Chorus was sung by the Bridemaids!!! assisted by Adolph and Caspar. Indeed, we might say it was sung by Mrs. Douglass, assisted by the choeur, for as that lady preferred singing in a different key from the rest of the white-wreathed huntresses, she managed to obtain a doubtlessly comfortable prominence, and gave to this famous piece a touch of novelty, not perhaps contemplated by the composer . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 November 1845), 2

. . . After which, Mrs. Douglass, (pupil of Mrs. Gibbs) will have the honor to sing an entirely new Song, "In Christian Lands," the Music arranged for the occasion by Mr. Gibbs.

[Advertisement], The Australian (22 November 1845), 2

. . . Song, "In Christian Lands," Mrs. Douglass . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Melbourne Argus (28 July 1846), 2 

"MULTUM IN PARVO, Port Philip Gazette and Settler's Journal (8 August 1846), 3 

. . . In our last we refrained from giving a decided opinion upon the merits of Mrs. Douglass as a singer, and we sincerely regret in having to announce, after hearing her again, that she has not the slightest capacity as a vocalist, and her friends should advise her to retire from a profession totally unsuited to her . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (17 April 1847), 1 

"COPPIN V. DOUGLASS", South Australian (18 June 1847), 3 

"Local News", South Australian (2 July 1847), 3 

An inquest was held on Tuesday, at the Bush Club House (Deering's), on the body of a female child of Mr. and Mrs. Douglass, the well-known performers. It had died in the course of the night, in the bed with its parents, who had no knowledge of the afflicting event till the morning. Verdict, "Died by the visitation of God." The infant - only seven months old - is supposed to have been taken off by convulsions, the effect of teething.

"INSOLVENCY", Adelaide Observer (3 July 1847), 6 

James Augustus Douglass, now of the Royal Adelaide Theatre, Franklin-street, in the town of Adelaide, formerly of Melbourne, in the colony of New South Wales, comedian, has declared himself insolvent. R. Davies Hanson, Solicitor.

"SPARKS FROM THE ANVIL. BY THE HAMMERER" South Australian (14 August 1849), 2 

JENNY LIND. - The tremendous success attending the debut of Mr. Douglass, in the character of the Swedish Nightingale, has encouraged him to further efforts. He will sing on Monday evening thirty-three songs as Jenny, in the identical petticoat he wore at the Exchange, and afterwards play Fallstaff to Jacobs' Hotspur.

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (21 May 1851), 2-3 

James Augustus Douglass appeared in answer to his bail, to plead to the indictment against him, charging him with embezzling £12 9s. 5d., the moneys of George Brock and others, on the 3rd April, 1850, at Port Adelaide . . .

[3] . . . His Honor . . . directed the Jury to find a verdict of not guilty.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian (13 June 1851), 2 

. . . On SATURDAY, June 14th, will be produced, for the fourth time, a new Comic Pantomime, entitled
The new Music composed and arranged by Mr. Moore; the Scenery painted by Mr. Hillier (from the London Theatres); the Dresses, Properties, by Mr. Douglass; Fireworks by Dr. Matthew.
Harlequin Fat, Mr. Coppin; Drone, Mr. Lazar; Harlequin Bat, Mr. Chambers; Harlequin, junior, Master Chambers; Clown, Mr. Douglass; Clown junior, Master F. J. Douglass; Pantaloon, Mr. Hasker; Pantaloon junior, Master J. Douglass; Columbine, Miss Chambers; Fortucio, Mrs. Moore; Queen Bee, Mrs. Lambert . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3 

HEMINGWAY'S ROYAL HOTEL. INCREASED ATTRACTION. Engagement for this Night Only of the well-known DOUGLASS FAMILY, From the Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, and Geelong Theatres . . .
MASTER JAMES DOUGLASS, Only Eight Years of Age, The Renowned Australian Tom Thumb,
AND Unrivalled Bone Player, will THROW HIMSELF AWAY, AND Give his Inimitable Version of Bendigo Gals.
MASTER S. DOUGLASS, Only Five Years of Age!! Will accompany the Performance on his WONDERFUL GRIDIRON. MR. DOUGLASS will appear in his celebrated Australian Hornpipe . . .

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (5 February 1859), 3 

"AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE", Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (12 February 1859), 2 

. . . The evening's entertainments concluded with the farce of Bombastus, Mr. J. A. Douglass, Master F. and James Douglass, performing the principal characters. On Friday evening the house was again crowded, and the performance was equally if not more successful than on the opening night. On Monday, we understand, Mr. J. A. Douglass will take a benefit.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (10 March 1860), 3 

The Australian Minstrel and Didactic Family.
Licensed by Act of Parliament. THE unrivalled family have arrived in Brisbane, and will give their entertainments in the School of Arts, for three nights, SATURDAY (this night), MONDAY, and TUESDAY.
The family consists of Mr. and Mrs. Douglass (connected with the colonial theatres for the last 25 years), Miss Douglass, Miss H. Douglass, and Miss E. Douglass; also, Masters F. J., S., and A. Douglass. A variety of operatic farces; local comic songs by the Australian "Billy Barlow" Master J. Douglass, and the second part of the entertainment consists of a grand Ethiopian conceit as follows:
Violin - Mr. Douglass
First Banjo - Master F. Douglass
Second Banjo - Miss H. Douglass
Bones - Master J. Douglass
Tambourine - Master S. Douglass
Flutina - Master A. Douglass
Triangle - Miss E. Douglass
Conductor - Signor Gubrio
Commencing with the new Melodies "Sing to the White Folks"; "Suzy Brown"; "Sally's the Gal for Me"; "Brisbane Gals"; "Rose of Alabama"; "Katty Dean"; "Phoebe Morel"; And others too numerous to mention. A variety of Ethiopian dances, concluding with the renowned TUBA, OR PLANTATION DANCE. Performances will commence at eight o'clock. Admission: - Reserved Seats, 4s.; Gallery. 2s; Children half price. JAMES A. DOUGLASS, Manager.


Minstrel-serenader, vocalist, musical glasses player

Active NSW, 1860s

DOW, William Henry (William Henry DOW; William DOW; W. H. DOW)

Violin maker

Born Tayport, Scotland, 1836 (? 1834); son of George DOW (d. VIC, 1859) and Elizabeth BRAID
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c. 1854/55
Married (1) Elizabeth JONES (1835-1862), Melbourne, VIC, 1858
Married (2) Isabella CORCKETT (1849-1920), Melbourne, VIC, 1867
Died South Melbourne, VIC, 7 July 1928, aged 93 (resident of South Melbourne for 74 years) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE VICTORIAN EXHIBITION OF 1875 . . . MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. DEPARTMENT XXIII. GROUP 73", The Argus (3 September 1875), 6 supplement 

. . . Mr. Wm. H Dow, of 11 Church-street Emerald hill, sends two violins of his own making - one varnished and the other unvarnished. They are admirably put together and have all the appearance externally of first class instruments. Their musical qualities can only be decided by experts . . .

"EXHIBITION AWARDS. . . MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Age (24 September 1875), 4 

EXPERTS. Messrs. Eugene Ascherberg, William Blazey, Julius Buddee, John Hill (chairman).

Dow, W. H., 4 Church street, Emerald-hill, Stradivarius varnished violin, 1st prize; own model, unvarnished do., 1st prize.

. . . Of the above exhibits. those of Mr. W. H. Dow and Richard Gilmour are recommended for Philadelphia.

"VICTORIA. XI. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (23 December 1880), 58s

W. H. Dow, violin maker, 11 Church street Emerald hill, shows one viola "own model," unvarnished, one "Straduarius model," and one "Joseph Guarnerius model," both varnished and well finished.


VIOLINS. FIRST ORDER OF MERIT - Messrs. Woolff Brothers, Kreuznoch, German), set of quartette violins. VIOLINS AND TENORS. FIRST ORDER OF MERIT.- W. H. Dow, Melbourne; G. Grandini, Paris. SECOND ORDER OF MERIT - R. Gilmore, Melbourne; T. Peacock, Melbourne; S. W. James, Melbourne; P. Bailiey, Paris; G. Tisfenbrunner, Munich. THIRD ORDER OF MERIT - John Brown, Melbourne; W. Flacht and Co , Vienna; J. Diener, Graslitz, Austria . . .


"DEATHS", The Argus (9 July 1928), 1

DOW. - On the 7th July, at his residence, 9 Church-street, South Melbourne, William Henry Dow, in his 93rd year. A resident of South Melbourne for 74 years. (No flowers, by request.) (Interstate papers please copy.)

"DEATH OF A VIOLIN MAKER", The Horsham Times (13 July 1928), 2

"OBITUARY. Mr. William Henry Dow", Record (14 July 1898), 5 

On Saturday there passed away William Henry Dow, in his 93rd year, and in his 74th year of residence in our district.

Born in Tayport, Scotland, in 1836, Mr. Dow was apprenticed to pattern making, and early combined with this occupation the hobby of violin-making. He came to Victoria in the 'fifties, and was associated with the various engineering firms of the colony, principally those about the Yarra, Fultons, Langlands, Foremans and finally Robinsons. All spoke highly of the young engineer. Mr. Dow settled in Emerald Hill in 1854, and soon established his workshop, where he carried on his beloved hobby of violin-making, and continued in it right to the end.

On retiring from his engineering work a little over 20 years ago, Mr. Dow became a renowned expert in violin construction, as his reputation was almost world-wide. He would buy up old violins for the wood that was in them, and was a staunch believer in the principles of construction followed by the old masters. Even the minutest detail had his careful attention. He would buy up old mahogany furniture and cut it up into pegs. Wrecks of violins came along, and if they merited the trouble, Mr. Dow could always restore them. Some of the great master-players were not above putting their cherished instruments into Mr. Dow's hands, and he never belied their confidence.

Mr. A. H. Williams, the photographer, has a cello made by Mr. Dow forty years ago, and claims that it is as sweet in tone as any instrument ever built. Among the many who have borne testimony to the mastery of Mr. Dow's work, were Johann Kruse, who took one of the instruments with him when he returned to Germany. George Weston and Henry Curtis, two well-known artists of a generation ago, still cherish Mr. Dow's violins. Mr. Schieblich, who was well known, in Albert Park for many years, still has one of the instruments. When Mr. Herman, of the Birmingham String Quartet, was in Australia many years ago he procured several instruments from Mr. Dow and expressed his pleasure with them. Mr. Herman also conducted a trial of instruments, when it was declared that Mr. Dow could hold his own with the best makers of history. The old master was always seeking timber for his instruments, and the cello of Mr. Williams is constructed from the old frigate Nelson.

Mr. Dow's first violin was made when he was only 15 years old. In addition to reconstructions and a number of cellos, it is believed there are in existence about 200 violins, and the excellence is so marked that they are now eagerly sought by connoisseurs. Mr. Dow had a great deal of trouble in finding a satisfactory varnish, but at last succeeded.

At the Victorian Exhibitions of 1875, 1880 and 1888, these violins were awarded first and special prizes. Mr. P. Dalton, of the Town Hall staff, has one of the instruments, and is never happier than when playing his beloved Irish melodies, which he reads from his own exquisitely penned manuscript.

Those who have known Mr. Dow for many years and were admitted to his little sanctum, where he stored his treasures, will miss the departed master-craftsman, who has so recently passed on; but the beloved instruments fashioned by his hand will become the priceless possessions of posterity.

Mr. Dow's wife pre-deceased him by eight years, and two daughters and Mr. W. H. Dow (South Melbourne City Treasurer) survive their father. The late Mr. Dow was a foundation member and trustee of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. The remains of the late Mr. Dow, were laid to rest in the Congregational portion of the Melbourne General Cemetery on Monday afternoon. The Rev. H. M. Moorehouse conducted the service. The pall-bearers were: Hon. R. Williams (Mayor of South Melbourne), Cr. C. F.Wolff, Mr. E. C. Crockford (Town Clerk), Cr. Kinnear and Messrs. T. Russell, R. Bodycombe, W. S. Day, P. Dalton, D. Torrence and H. Skinner. Funeral arrangements were in the hands of W. J. Garnar (T. Rentle).

"FAMOUS VIOLINS. AN AUSTRALIAN MAKER", Examiner (29 December 1928), 6


Violin, with case, timber, William Henry Dow, Melbourne, Australia, 1903; Musuem of Applied Arts and Sciences, NSW 

DOWLING, Henry (junior) (Henry DOWLING; H. DOWLING)

Newspaper editor and proprietor, general stationer, musicseller

Born Gloucester, England, 5 January 1810; baptised Gloucester (Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion), 10 February 1810, son of Henry DOWLING (1780-1869) and Elizabeth DARKE
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 September 1830 (per Lang, from London, 16 May)
Married Eliza TAYSPILL, St. John's church, Launceston, 6 November 1833
Died Launceston, TAS, 17 September 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Eldest son of the Baptist minister Henry Dowling, Dowling was proprietor and editor of the Launceston Advertiser from 1831, and from 1834 a Launceston stationer, later also a publisher, mayor of Launceston and member of the House of Assembly.

During the 1830s he was Launceston's principal retailer of printed music (see, for instance, his catalogue of contents of shipment per Brazil in June 1833). In 1838 he specially recommended musical works by painter and composer Henry Mundy, whose artworks he also sold.


Register of baptisms, St. Mary's chapel, Gloucester (Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion); UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

Henry, son of Henry & Elizabeth Dowling was born in the parish of St. Mary de Crypt, the 5th of July 1810 & baptised Feb'y 10 1810 . . .

"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (24 September 1830), 2 

SEPT. 22 - Arrived the ship Lang, 360 tons, Captain G. Sutherland, from London 16th May, with a general cargo.- Passengers . . . Henry Dowling, Miss Dowling . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (30 May 1833), 1 

NEW MUSIC - Just received per "Brazil Packet," and on SALE at the Advertiser Office, a variety of Piano Forte MUSIC, amongst which are some of the most modern and popular SONGS, QUADRILLES &c., as follows :-
Song, "The Coronach," sung by Mr. Braham, in the grand Scenic Apotheosis of The Bard of Scotland, at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane - the poetry by Sir Walter Scott.
-- "Tuscan Wine."
-- "They mourn me dead in my father's halls."
-- "I stand amidst the glitt'ring throng."
-- "The Gem that decks her Queenly Brow."
-- "Beautiful Blue Violets."
-- "Love's a Little Pet."
-- "The Warrior's Bride."
-- "The Tartar Drum."
-- "Why comes he not!"
-- "The Bird of Love."
-- "Sweet Eyes."
-- "Banks of the blue Moselle."
-- "Come dwell with me."
-- "The King, God bless him!"
-- "At close of day."
-- "Kate Kearney."
-- "The groves of Blarney."
&c. &c. &c.
Overture, II Barbiere di Siviglia, with accompaniment for Flute and Violoncello.
-- The Doom Kiss.
-- William Tell, arranged as a duett.
-- Der Freyschutz.
-- La Cenerentola.
-- Semiramese [Semiramide]
-- Caliph of Bagdat [Bagdad]
-- Il Don Giovanni.
-- Miller and his Men.
-- La Clemenza di Tito.
-- Cinderella.
-- Masaniello, with accompaniments for the Flute.
-- My Uncle Gabriel.
Herz' celebrated Tyrolien Dance.
-- La Parisienne, with variations
-- Quadrilles - Contradanses variees
-- Rondo Capricio
-- Trois Rondeaux caracteristiques
-- Les Trois Graces
-- Non piu Mesta - air, with variations
-- Six airs de ballet, de Guillaume Tell, de Rossini, arranges en Rondeaux
-- Variationes Brilliant
Wieppert's Alpine Quadrilles
-- Abbotsford House ditto
-- Talbot ditto
-- La Bruce waltzes
-- Paganini ditto
-- Parisian ditto
Divertimento for two performers, by Chevalier Neukomm
Trois Rondeaux Brillians, by Frederick Kuhlan [Kuhlau]
Rondeaux caracteristiques
Rossignol Waltz
Taglioni Waltz
Alpine March, arranged by C. Kiallmark
Henriette Quadrilles
Rondeaux caracteristiques a la Napolitaine, by F. Kuhlan [Kuhlau]
Rondeaux caracteristiques a la Francaise, Ditto
&c. &c. &c.
As there are only a few copies of the above,
early application is necessary.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (6 June 1833), 2

PIANO-FORTE MUSIC - H. DOWLING has received, since the appearance of his last advertisement, a case of Music, ex Brazil Packet, containing amongst others the following popular pieces of Instrumental and Vocal Music, which is offered at the London Prices (for cash) . . .

"MARRIED", Launceston Advertiser (7 November 1833), 2

Yesterday, at St. John's Church, in this town, by the Rev. W. H. Browne, L.L.D., Mr. Henry Dowling, of Launceston, to Miss Tayspill, late of Colchester, Essex, (England.)

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (11 September 1834), 1

New Music.
H. DOWLlNG has JUST RECEIVED a small parcel of D'Almaine and Co.'s NEW PIANO FORTE, GUITAR, and HARP MUSIC, amongst which will be found -
Recreations Musicales, In Four Books of progressive degrees of difficulty, composed and dedicated (by permission) to their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Kent and Princess Victoria, by HENRI HERZ, containing 24 Popular Pieces.
OVERTURE to Auber's celebrated Grand Opera of GUSTAVUS III, or the Masked Ball; performed last year at the Theatre Royal Covent Garden.
QUADRILLES - the subjects from the same opera, arranged by TOLBECQUE.
THREE AIRS DE BALLET, from the same, arranged by HENRI HERZ.
GALOP FAVORIG [FAVORITE], from the same, arranged by HENRI HERZ.
DITTO, for the Harp, arranged by BOCHSA.
SONGS - from the same opera - vis.:-
Peace within the Grave.
I love her! how I love her!
Masquerade song.
When Time hath bereft Thee.
To read the stars pretending, &c. &c.
Stationery Warehouse,
September 2, 1834.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (19 April 1838), 1

NEW MUSIC, JUST received, a few copies of EIGHT SETS OF QUADRILLES, composed by Mr. H. Mundy, of Ellinthorpe Hall, in this Island, dedicated to his Pupils, very recently published, each set in a neatly printed wrapper, by Cocks & Co., London.
The novelty of this being the first publication of music having any pretension to merit, emanating from a resident in the Colony, it is supposed would ensure to the work an extensive und rapid sale here: but the undersigned feels confident that his friends will find the work entitled to their attention upon higher ground than mere novelty. It is valuable from its intrinsic merit; and desirable to be possessed by every piano-forte player in the Colony. These Quadrilles have had an extensive sale in England.
May be had of the undersigned, and of Mr. Tegg, Hobart Town.

"OBITUARY. MR. HENRY DOWLING", Launceston Examiner (18 September 1885), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Isabella J. Mead, "Dowling, Henry (sen. and jun.)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

DOWLING, Lillias (Lillias DICKSON; DIXSON; Lilias, Lillius, "Lilly"; Mrs. W. J. DOWLING; Mrs. M. D. WOODHOUSE)

Amateur vocalist, pianist

Born NSW, 27 January 1818; baptised St. Luke's church, Liverpool, 15 May 1820, daughter of John DIXSON and Susannah MARTIN
Married (1) Willoughby James DOWLING, Sydney, January 27 1834 (aged 16)
Married (2) Marshall D. WOODHOUSE, Balmain, NSW, 18 March 1856
Died Berrima, NSW, 3 December 1869, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DOWLING, Willoughby James (Willoughby James DOWLING)

Amateur vocalist

Born London, England, 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1828
Died (suicide) Bathurst, NSW, 15 May 1849 (shareable link to this entry)

Summary (after McKenzie, and Stephens, both below):

Lillias ("Lilly") Dickson was a daughter of John Dickson (1774-1843), who on his arrival in the colony in 1813 was welcomed by Lachlan Macquarie as "an excellent Engineer and Millwright". In 1833, his business and reputation both collapsed, and, while on bail for a forgery charge, he absconded to England.

Earlier that year, in April, Lilly briefly eloped with the fraudster and ex-convict, John Dow, alias "Viscount Lascelles", who, with an eye to cashing in on the residual wealth of the Dowling family, later brought an action of habeas corpus to recover his alleged wife. Justice James Dowling, having observed that she was a girl of a "light reputation", was later displeased when his nephew, Willoughby Dowling, married the 16-year-old less than three months later.

At their home at "Flinton", in Paddington, Lilly gave birth to two sons and a daughter between 1835 and 1838, while Willoughby was a solicitor for James Norton's law firm. Following some financial irregularities, they moved to Bathurst in 1841. Increasingly prone to alcoholism, in 1849, aged 37, Willoughby committed suicide at home with a pistol.

Lilly sold her possessions and sailed to England with her children to stay with her parents-in-law. Suffering a respiratory condition, however, Lilly returned to Australia in 1851. In 1856 she remarried and moved to the Southern Highlands, where she died in 1869, age 51.


Regsiter, St. Luke's church, Liverpool; Anglican Diocese of Sydney (PAYWALL)

114 / Lillias Daughter of John Dixson and Sussanah Martin of the Dist. of Sydney Born January 27 1818 Baptized May 15th 1820 . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (30 January 1834), 4 

By Special License, on Monday last, by the Reverend John McGarvie, Willoughby James Dowling, Esq., to Miss Dickson, of Sydney.

"SUICIDE OF MR. DOWLING", Bathurst Advocate (19 May 1849), 3 

On Wednesday last a Coroner's Inquest was hold on view of the body of Mr. Dowling, solicitor, who shot himself in a temporary fit of insanity on the previous evening . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Advocate (7 July 1849), 3 

To be sold by Auction, by MR. TRESS, At Hereford, in the ensuing week, of which further notice will be given, ALL the Now and Valuable HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE of Mrs. Dowling, comprising a great number of Horse hair and other Mattresses; four post and iron bedsteads, chests of drawers, sofas, dining and other tables; wash stands; chairs, carpets, drawing-room, furniture, kitchen utensils, &c., &c. Terms at sale.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1869), 1 

On the 3rd instant, at her residence, Round Hills, Moss Vale, LILLIUS, the beloved wife of MARSHALL D. WOODHOUSE.

Musical source:

The Dowling songbook, owner bound album of vocal music, consisting of imported sheet music, and some colonial manuscript copies, bound for Lillias and Willoughby Dowling by Francis Ellard, Sydney, c.1840; Rouse Hill House & Farm, Rouse family music collection, R84/869:1-2; Sydney Living Museums (digitised at Internet Archive) (ALBUM)[]=dowling (ALBUM & CONTENTS SEPARATELY)

Bibliography and resources:

Kirsten McKenzie, Scandal in the colonies: Sydney and Cape Town, 1820-1850 (Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 2004), 2-3 (PREVIEW)

Kirsten McKenzie, A swindler's progress: nobles and convicts in the age of liberty (Sydney: UNSW Press, 2009), 212-13 (PREVIEW)

Matthew Stephens, "Songs and scandal uncovered: the Dowling music project", Sydney Living Museums, website 

DOWNING, Bartholomew Joseph (Bartholomew Joseph DOWNING; B. J. DOWNING)

Professor of music, tenor vocalist, pianist, organist

Born Ireland, c. 1821
Married Ellen Mary BINNS (c. 1830-1912), Ireland, c. 1857
Arrived Geelong, VIC, 31 January 1851 (per Bermondsey, from Plymouth)
Died Glebe, NSW, 18 March 1877, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (22 August 1859), 4 

PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Song - "The Fisherman's Return" - Mr. B. J. Downing - Osborne . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (29 August 1859), 4 

PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Song - "The Harp that once through Tara's Halls" - Mr. B. J. Downing - Moore . . .

"MELBOURNE (From our own Correspondent) Thursday, 9th September, 1859", Geelong Advertiser (10 September 1859), 2 

The interesting and, so far as Victoria is concerned, the unique ceremony of conferring the episcopal dignity on a priest of the Roman Catholic Church, was performed at St. Francis Cathedral, Elizabeth-street, this morning, between the hours of half-past 11 and half-past 3 p.m. . . . the consecration of Dr. Geoghegan . . . The choir, who sang Haydn's Imperial Mass with excellent effect, was supplemented by several of the leading member of the Philharmonic Society. Mr. Farquharson volunteered his valuable services. The other vocalists were: - Miss Hamilton, Mrs. Testar, Mr. Ewart, Mr B. Downing, of Geelong, Mr. Power, and Mr. Wilkinson presided at the organ, and Mr. E. King conducted. The litanies were sung by the students of the college, under the leadership of Dr. Backhaus . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 September 1859), 4 

PROGRAMME . . . PART I . . . Song - "I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie" - Mr. B. J. Downing - Barker . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (26 September 1859), 4 

PROGRAMME . . . PART I . . . Song - "I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie" - Mr. B. J. Downing - Barker . . .
PART II . . . Song - "Oh, Whisper what Thou Feelest" - Mr. B. J. Downing . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (14 October 1859), 3 

GEELONG HARMONIC SOCIETY . . . THIS EVENING THE FIRST GRAND CONCERT . . . When Haydn's Masterpiece THE "CREATION" Will be rendered by a Band and Chorus of ONE HUNDRED PERFORMER . . .
Air - Now Vanish - Mr. B. J. Dowling . . .
Recitative - In splendour bright - Mr. B. J. Dowling
Chorus, Trio and Chorus - The Heavens are Telling - Mrs. Goodliffe, Mr. B. J. Dowling, and Mr. J. Hinchcliffe . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (15 October 1859), 2 

The Geelong Harmonic Society's Concert last night was in every way a great success. Mrs. Hancock sung, as she always does, with power and in perfect taste. Mrs. Goodliffe never appeared to better advantage. Mr. Ewart and Mr. Downing rendered invaluable aid . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (5 April 1861), 4 

ORGAN PERFORMANCE. On FRIDAY EVENING, April 5th, 1861. Grand opening of the New Organ recently erected in the McKillop-street Congregational Church. Several Ladies and Gentlemen have kindly promised to sing some Anthems during the Evening; and the following Organists have consented to take part in the proceedings: -
Mr. John Russell, Melbourne
Mr. B. J. Downing, St. Mary's
Mr. H. B. Moore, Trinity Church
Mr. H. Plumstead, Christ Church
Mr J. Hobday, Wesleyan Church
Mr. W. Meeson, St. Paul's
PROGRAMME . . . Selections from No. 2 Service—Haydn - Mr B. J. Downing . . .
March—Mendelssohn. Mr. B. J. Downing
Agnus Dei, from No 1 Service - Mozart - Mr. J. B. Downing . . .

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (27 August 1867), 3 

At the sittings ot the County Court yesterday B. J. Downing, late organist of St. Mary's Church, brought an action to recover the sum of L8 6s, the amount of a month's salary. It transpired that through a dispute between himself and the dean of the mission arising out of the Carandini Company being announced to sing in the church, the organist wrote a most insolent letter to the dean in consequence of which he was summarily dismissed. His Honor suggested that the matter should be settled out of court, but Dean Downing said that it was impossible as the plaintiff had refused to apologise for his conduct. The case was then adjourned until this morning.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (6 September 1867), 3 

Mr. B. J. Downing will preside at the Piano-forte . . .
PROGRAMME. Overture on Pianoforte - Mr B. J. Downing . . .
Pianoforte Duet - "Lucia di Lammermoor" - Misses Downing.
Song - "Arab's Farewell" - Mr. B. J. Downing . . .
Song - "I Cannot Mind my Wheel" - Miss C. Downing . . .
PART II . . . Song - "To-morrow" - Miss Downing
Song - "The Rainy Day" - Mr. B. J. Downing . . .

"COMPLIMENTARY DINNER TO MR. B. J. DOWNING", Geelong Advertiser (18 September 1867), 3 

The friends of Mr. B. J. Downing, late organist of St. Mary's Church, and a teacher of music of long standing in the town, determined upon showing their appreciation of his talents as a musician, and his worth as a citizen, by giving him a complimentary dinner previous to his departure from Geelong to Sydney, in which place he intends for the future prosecuting the duties of his profession . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1867), 12 

MUSIC - English and Italian Singing. - The Piano-forte. - Mr. B. J. DOWNING, formerly a Pupil at the "Conservatoire Imperiale," Paris, and subsequently of the celebrated Alair, at Rome, has the honour to state that he is prepared to give LESSONS in the above branches of his profession, either at his own residence, 136, Forbes terrace, Forbes-street, or at those of his pupils. His method of instruction, founded on long intercourse with the most eminent men of his profession, and fortified by a long and successful experience, enables him to guarantee a rapid and steady advance in his pupils. Out of several hundred pupils Mr. DOWNING has only yet failed with two.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1870), 6 

CARLTON HOUSE ACADEMY, Wynyard-square West. - English classes under tho special supervision of the Lady Principal, Mrs. SACLIER . . . Professors: - Music: Herr Kriegsmann, Herr Kellerman, Mr. Downing. Singing: Mr. Downing . . . Dancing: Mr. Needs . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1876), 1 

PIANOFORTE and SINGING - MR. B. J. DOWNING, formerly a pupil at the "Conservatoire de Musique" in Paris, now Professor of Music at Lyndhurst College, having been obliged (in consequence of a sad loss in his family) to suspend his lessons, has the honour to inform his many kind patrons and friends that he will resume his duties on MONDAY, April 3, Cypress Cottage, Glebe Point Road.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1877), 1 

DOWNING. - March 18, at his residence, Cypress Cottage, Glebe Point Road, Bartholomew Joseph Downing, aged 56 years.

DOWNS, William (William DOWNS)

Itinerant musician, violinist, fiddler, fiddle player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1846 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE COURT . . . MATRIMONIAL BLISS", The Sydney Weekly Transcript (7 February 1846), 2 

A ragged, greasy-looking fellow, named William Downs, a kind of itinerant musician, who derives a precarious subsistence from rasping ail old fiddle at public-houses, appeared before the Bench at the instance of his wife, who charged him with continued ill-treatment of her. She slated that he was in the habit of returning home drunk, and beating and abusing her in the most brutal manner about the face and body; and on that very morning came home in a state of beastly intoxication, and commenced assaulting her as of old. The fellow denied that he had ever done so, but his appearance was sufficient guarantee that he was a man of profligate and ruffianly habits. By the advice of the Bench, and on the promise of Downs that he would not again ill-use his wife, Mrs. Downs withdrew her complaint, in the hope that he would fulfil his promise.


Orchestral player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-42 (shareable link to this entry)


Downes was perhaps a bass string player in the theatre orchestra during 1841-42. On his first documented appearance, "Mr. Downes" is last-named on a list instrumentalists headed by Spencer W. Wallace and Thomas Leggatt, probably all members of the Sydney theatre orchestra, for Maria Prout's concert in March 1841. Perhaps he was the "Mr. Downes, Grocer, Windmill street", whose shop was a ticket outlet for the Royal Victoria Theatre in January 1842.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (16 March 1841), 3

MRS. J. S. PROUT, PIANIST, begs to announce that her Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music will take place at the Royal Victoria Theatre, on WEDNESDAY, March 24. She will be assisted by Mrs. Bushelle, Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Worgan, several Vocal Amateurs, Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. T. Leggatt, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Walton, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Portbury, Mr. Pappin, Mr. Downes, and the other members of the theatrical orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 January 1842), 3

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . Boxes to he engaged, and tickets obtained, from . . . Mr. Downes, Grocer, Windmill-street . . .

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1842), 2

It is with much pleasure we avail ourselves of calling the attention of our readers to the advertisement in our columns of to-day, announcing the re-opening of the Victoria Theatre, on the evening of Thursday next . . . The Orchestra: Mr. W. Wallace; Mr. Wallace, sen.; Mr. Leggatt; Mr. Deane; Messrs. Deane, Portbery, Walton, O'Flaherty, Pappin, Downes, and Weston; also Mr. Gibbs, from England, who is expected daily by the Trial.


Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1833
Departed Sydney, NSW, I June 1838 (per Minerva, for Liverpool, England) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


? "THE GOVERNOR AT THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 November 1833), 2

. . . Still there are great defects, but they are capable of being removed by diligence in study. The females in particular are not in the possession of what the fair sex generally use liberally, good loud voices. The sentiments delivered on Thursday evening were almost inaudible, especially in the case of Mrs. Downes . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (8 June 1835), 3

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 June 1835), 2

That promising young actress, Miss Winstanley, has, we understand, left the Theatre, and Mrs. Downs, who was on the stage about two years since, has been engaged in her place. Mrs. Downs when engaged before, evinced much industry, but we question whether the public are any gainers by the change.

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 November 1835), 2 

-On Saturday evening, agreeably to announcement, the theatrical season commenced under the sole management of Mr. Simmons, with the domestic drama in three acts, entitled The Lear of Private Life, or, Father and Daughter. The materials composing this moral and interesting drama, which is the production of Mr. Moncrief, are taken from Mrs. Opie's work of the same name . . . Miss Douglass played Emily Goodall, the daughter of Fitzarden's friend, with much correctness: and she introduced a song, for which she was applauded, as all the ladies at the Sydney Theatre, without distinction, are wont to be. But singing is not Miss D.'s forte - her voice, indeed, is naturally good, though not powerful, and her taste may be in equal proportion; so that in a room she might be considered for what is generally understood as a pretty singer, but neither the quality of her voice, nor the extent of her execution, are adapted for the stage . . .

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (12 August 1836), 2

Mrs. Downes displays a genius for music far above mediocrity, judging from her verse of "Home, sweet home."

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 December 1836), 2

We have only one remark to make relative to the piece, which was played as usual, and that relates to Mrs. Downes' song, "Love is a Mischievous Boy," to which she adheres with a pertinacity worthy a better cause. Several quondam admirers of "poor Mrs. Downes," as they feelingly call her, having rushed forth, armed with goose quills, in defence of her warbling, which they allege to be superexcellent and charging us with pique, and all that kind of thing, it became necessary for our own satisfaction, as well as to bear out the remark we had previously made as to her incapability of singing upon the stage, whatever she is capable of in a room, to be particularly scrutinizing as to the effect of her singing upon the audience, and if our remarks were not borne out, yea, even strengthened by what occurred, may we never handle pen again, for although the other songs, four in number, were received with unbounded applause, her's was received with the silence of the grave. Even her champions, who had mustered tolerably strong upon the occasion, gave up the affair as hopeless, and looked mighty chap fallen. Those remarks are not made with ill feeling as surmised, for if Mrs. D. had given up the song, as she wisely did that in the character of Paulina, in the "Wood Demon," at our first hint, the matter would have rested. Many persons imagine that in pointing out the faults of an actor or an actress, there must be a bias; the contrary is the fact, it is mercy to them, critiques upon performances being the only medium through which they can arrive at their defects, be it as it may, we shall never flinch from doing our duty to the public upon any subject, despite the remarks of other parties. - Reporter.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (14 December 1836), 2 

SYDNEY GAZETTE has another slap at poor Mrs. Downs in the last paper. He accuses her of vanity in attempting to sing; other people; who may perhaps be as good judges as the said Reporter, consider Mrs. Downes' voice pleasing, and that if she sang oftener she would sing very well. It is surprising, that when the conductors of the GAZETTE know, that their Theatrical Reporter has a personal pique against Mrs. Downes, they should allow him to indulge in splenetic criticisms on that actress.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (27 April 1838), 2 

Mrs. Downes and daughter, take their passage in the Superb for England. The drama will sustain a loss by this lady's departure to her native country.

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 June 1838), 2 

The Minerva, Furlong, for Liverpool, sailed yesterday morning, with the following passengers. In the cabin, Mrs. Downes, child, and servant . . .

DOWNES, Joseph Cartlidge (Joseph Cartlidge DOWNES)


Born c. 1842
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Married Annie EARLE, Fitzroy, VIC, 24 June 1867
Died South Yarra, VIC, 27 June 1911, aged 69 (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)




[Advertisement], The Argus (22 September 1863), 8 

MR. ALLAN'S CONCERT, St. George's Hall, Thursday, 1st October. Principal Vocalists Miss Hamilton, Mrs. Perraton, Master Cook, Messrs. Williams, Gamble, Downes, and Angus. Oboe, Mr. Schott; Flute, Mr. F. Johnson; piano, Mr. H. King.

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 June 1911), 1 

DOYLE, Miss (Miss DOYLE)


Active Port Macquarie, NSW, 1861 (shareable link to this entry)


"PORT MACQUARIE", The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1861), 3

13TH JULY.-The remains of the late Mr. John Verge, of Austral Eden, Macleay River, arrived this day for interment, in a family vault in the burial ground of St. Thomas' church . . . The body was taken first to St. Thomas' Church, and the usual service read . . . and at its conclusion Pope's ode of "The Dying Christian to his Soul" was sung by the full choir, Miss Doyle presiding at the organ.

MUSIC: Vital spark of heavenly flame [Pope's ode] (Harwood)

DOYLE, John (John DOYLE)

Musician, convict

Convicted Kerry Assizes, Ireland, Spring 1830 (sentence 7 years transportation)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1830 (convict per Andromeda)
Active NSW, 1833 (shareable link to this entry)


[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (13 March 1833), 94

Doyle John, No. 50-2496, Andromeda, 21, musician; Killarney, 5 feet 5, brown hair, blue eyes, ruddy freckled and pock-pitted complexion, horizontal scar over right eye, from Australian Agricultural Company, Port Stephens.

DRAEGER, (August Friedrich) Carl Wilhelm (Carl Wilhelm DRAEGER; C. W. DRAEGER)
DRAEGER, (Wilhelm) Ferdinand (Wilhelm Ferdinand DRAEGER; F. DRAEGER)

And the children of Ferdinand Draeger:

DRAEGER, (Theodore) Ferdinand (junior) (Ferdinand DRAEGER)

DRAEGER, Bertha Friederike (Bertha DRAEGER)

DRAEGER, Carl Wilhelm (junior; Carl DRAEGER; Charles DRAEGER)

DRAEGER, Caroline Agnes (Agnes DRAEGER)

DRAEGER, Adelaide Clara (Clara DRAEGER)


DRAEGER, Albert Bernhard

See mainpage Draeger family



? Born c. 1826/27
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852/53, ? aged 26 (shareable link to this entry)


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (16 December 1852), 3

. . . Draeger, Mr. J., musician, 12, Swanston-street, Melbourne . . .

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Adelaide Observer (22 January 1853), 4 

Sunday, January 16 - The schooner Amicus, 150 tons, C. E. Bertheau, master, from Melbourne, 13th instant. Passengers . . . Messrs. . . . Draeger . . .



Active Yackandandah, VIC, 1855 (shareable link to this entry)


"MORE DARING ROBBERIES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 April 1855), 4 

. . . On the night of Saturday last, the 15th instant [recte 14th], one of the rooms of the Waterloo Inn, Yackandandah, was entered at about eleven o'clock, and a box, the property of a musician named Drager (who was at the time employed in performing at a dance in another part of the house), was abstracted; of which the following is a list of the contents: One-pound note, pinned, Bank of New South Wales; one gold hunting-watch, No.292, London-made; one gold pin, made from a nugget; 6 1/2 ounces of gold, in a leather bag, one match-box full of nuggets; £180 in notes; two pocket-books, one black, the other yellow. The money was contained in a net purse, in a calico bag, with several silver coins. The thieves removed the box to a short distance from the house, and not being able to force the lock, they knocked out the bottom, and there left it, having secured the contents. As yet, no clue has been obtained . . .

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 April 1855), 5 

Under the Patronage of Mr. Commissioner Morphy.
IN consequence of the heavy loss sustained by
MR. DRAGER, it is intended, at the suggestion of his friends, and under the above patronage, to give a
GRAND CONCERT AND BALL, at the Freemasons' Arms Hotel, Reid's Creek,
On Saturday Evening, April 28, 1855.
Dancing at 8. Ticket, to admit to Ball and Supper, 15s. each.

"DARING ROBBERIES", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (30 April 1855), 3

Verbatim from article above


Vocalist, guitarist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1838 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (15 December 1838), 4

P. LEE begs respectfully to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Adelaide and its vicinity that he intends giving a SELECT BALL at the Adelaide Hotel on Monday, December 17, 1838, for which occasion the best music in the colony is engaged. During the evening HERR DRAVING, from Germany, will sing several favorite German songs, accompanying himself by the Guitar, and Violin by Mr. Lee . . .


DRAYTON, Joseph (Joseph DRAYTON)

Transcriber of Indigenous songs and chants, Indigenous culture reporter, artist, engraver

Born England, c. 1795
Active Sydney, NSW, December 1839
Died Philadelphia, USA, 1856 (NLA persistent identifier) (VIAF) (shareable link to this entry)


When the United States Exploring Squadron was anchored in Sydney Harbour in December 1839, one of the expedition's artists, Joseph Drayton (1798-1877) transcribed and later published four "Australian native chants", claiming to have been taken from live performances, all by the same "native", including a "new song" that he was taking back to his tribe, and another (the first) that Drayton suspected "not to be entirely native music". Despite the claim also to have sourced it directly from the "native", the fourth chant is essentially identical with Barron Field's earlier printed transcription Australian national melody ("Journal of an Excursion Across the Blue Mountains", The London Magazine (November 1823), 465), and too close to Field's version to have been independently transcribed.

In the Unites States, Drayton also transcribed several native American songs.

See also entry in checklist of Indigenous song transcriptions: 


"HENRY DRAPER [sic, ? HENRY DRAYTON]", New York Clipper (22 August 1868), 6 

HENRY DRAPER [sic, ? HENRY DRAYTON], a well known manager of English Opera, died in Providence, R. L., on August 2d. He was born in Philadelphia, and was the eldest son of the late Joseph Drayton, who was connected with the United States Exploring Expedition to the South Seas . . .

NOTE: Drayton's death is usually given as 1872, and his birth as 1816; ASSOCIATIONS: C. W. Rayner (pupil of Henry Drayton)


Charles Wilkes, Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Volume 2 (Philadelphia, 1844?); later printing, (Philadelphia: [?], 1849), 189-90

"Club dance. Feejee / [drawn by] J. Drayton eng[raved] by Rawdon, Wright & Hatch. [Philadelphia, 1849] 

Joseph Drayton letters, 1850-1856. Wilkes Expedition Publications, folder 1; Harvard Library$1i 

Bibliography and resources:

Victoria Lindsay Levine (ed.), Writing American Indian music: historic transcriptions, notations, and arrangements (Music of the United States of America 11) (Middleton: A-R Editions, 2002), 21 (PREVIEW)

Elaine Keillor, Tim Archambault, John M. H. Kelly (eds), Encyclopedia of Native American music of North America (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2013), xxvii (PREVIEW)

"Joseph Drayton", Smithsonian Institution 

"Joseph Drayton", Design & Art Australia online (DAAO) 

"Joseph Drayton", Find a grave 

DREDGE, William Gilpin (William Gilpin DREDGE; W. G. DREDGE

Amateur musician, pianist, organist, conductor, vocalist (founding member and secretary, Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Born Salisbury, England, 15 March 1825; son of James DREDGE (1796-1846) and Sarah TRUCKLE (1790-1860)
Arrived (1), Sydney, NSW, 24 September 1838 (per Elizabeth, from England, 28 April)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), January 1839 (per Hope, from Sydney)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, NSW (VIC) 20 November 1846 (per Vixen, from London)
Married (1) Eleanor (Emma) EDWARDS (d.1855), Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1847
Married (2) Sarah Jane (Jenny) EDWARDS (d. 1896), Melbourne, VIC, 1857
Died St. Kilda, Melbourne, VIC, 20 February 1865, aged 39 years 11 months (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DREDGE, Sarah Jane (Sarah Jane EDWARDS, Jenny; Mrs. W. G. DREDGE)

= Mrs. W. Carl FISCHER

DREDGE, Theophilus (Theophilus DREDGE)

Amateur vocalist, found member and secretary of Melbourne Philharmonic Society in succession to his younger brother above

Born Salisbury, England, 10 May 1823; son of James DREDGE (1796-1846) and Sarah TRUCKLE (1790-1860)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 24 September 1838 (per Elizabeth, from England, 28 April)
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), January 1839 (per Hope, from Sydney)
Married Louisa WILKINSON, Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 28 January 1843
Died Melbourne, VIC, 14 October 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Theophilus and William were sons of James Dredge (1796-1846), a Wesleyan missionary who came to Australia to take up the post of Assistant Protector of Aborigines at Port Phillip.

In 1847 William married Eleanor (Emma) Edwards, who had lived at the Lodden River Protectorate Station.

Professionally William was a customs and import agent and merchant, for a time in the 1850s in partnership with his elder brother Theophilus. But he was also active as a musician, especially as a founding member and long serving honorary secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society.

After Eleanor died in 1855, Dredge married Sarah Jane Edwards. She, after Dredge's death, married his former Philharmonic colleague, William Carl Fischer.

On William's death, Theophilus succeeded him as secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society.


Wesleyan Metropolitan Registry, Paternoster Row, 1773-1828; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 3673 / Theophilus the Son of James Dredge of Salisbury in the Parish of St. Edmunds . . . and of Sarah his wife, who was the daughter of George and Betty Truckle was born at Salisbury on the Tenth day of May in the year [1823] . . .

Wesleyan Methodist Metropolitan Registry 1818-1838; 0187: certificate nos: 3601-3700 (1825 Aug. 25 to Dec. 27); UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

William Gilpin the Son of James Dredge of Salisbury in the Parish of St. Edmunds . . . and of Sarah his wife, who was the daughter of George and Betty Truckle was born at Salisbury on the fifteenth day of March in the year [1825] . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1838), 2 

From London, on Monday last, having sailed the 28th April, the ship Elizabeth, Captain Hall, with merchandise. Passengers - Mr. Edward Parker and Mr. James Dredge, Protectors of Aboriginies, Mrs. Parker and six children, Mrs. Dredge and 4 children . . .

"PORT PHILLIP. ARRIVED", The Australian (3 December 1846), 2

[November] 21 - The barque Vixen, 296 tons, Douglass, from London, having left the Downs the 3rd August. Passengers - Messrs. Rae, W. G. Dredge, and T. E. Dixon . . .

"MARRIED", The Melbourne Argus (10 December 1847), 2

On Tuesday, the 7th Dec., at the residence of Mr. Abel Thorpe, Richmond, by the Rev. Edw. Sweetman, Mr. William G. Dredge, Junior Clerk in the Customs, to Miss Ellen, second daughter of Mr. Edwards, formerly of Richmond, but now of the Protectorate Station, Loddon River.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1854), 3 

THIS DAY. Extensive sale of most magnificent Pianos, Household Furniture, &c., unsurpassed for durability To Music sellers, Musicians, Heads of Families, Schoolmasters, and the Public at large.
P. DAVIS and CO. have received instructions from the consignees to sell by auction . . . The following . . .
1 elegant walnut piccolo piano, French, fall carved legs
1 handsome rosewood semi-cottage, ornamental top, carved legs
1 do do do . . .
The above pianos were selected with great judgment by Mr. Wm. Dredge, a gentleman of known talent and experience. They are in excellent condition . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1853), 7 

MELBOURNE CHORAL SOCIETY. - At a meeting convened by advertisement and attended by upward of fifty persons, held in the Mechanics' Hall on Saturday, 8th October, 1853, Charles Vaughan, Esq., J. P., in the chair; the following Resolutions were passed unanimously:-
1. That the meeting constitute itself an Association for the cultivation of Choral Music, Sacred and Secular, to be called the "Melbourne Choral Society."
2. That new members be admitted on the following conditions:- A written recommendation signed by two members; Ability (if a vocalist) to sing correctly a part in a plain Psalm tune; if an instrumentalist) to perform "part music" readily. Engagement to observe the Rules of this Society.
3. That the following gentlemen be appointed a Committee to frame Rules tor the government of the Society: - Messrs. Goold, Russell, W. G. Dredge, Ewart, Walker, Henry Smith, and John Matthew Smith, with a request that they submit the same to a meeting of members now present, to be held in the Mechanics' Institution, on Saturday, 15th inst., at eight o'clock p.m.
(Signed) CHARLES VAUGHAN, Chairman.
Mr. Vaughan having been moved from the chair, and Mr. Russell voted thereto, the cordial thanks of the meeting were presented to the former gentleman for his kindness in presiding on the occasion.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . IMPORTS", The Argus (5 January 1855), 4 

January 2.- Belle of the West, from London . . . 164 casks paint, 24 casks oil and putty, 32 cases turps, 1 carriage, 3 pianos, 1 case books, 39 packages, paper, W. G. Dredge . . .

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (12 January 1855), 5 

The Annual Meeting of this Society took place at the Mechanics' Institute, on Tuesday evening, and was well attended. The Rev. W. Jarrett on being called to the chair . . . called upon Mr. Patterson, the secretary, who read the following - "Report of the Committee of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, for the year 1854 . . . "It became the first duty of the Committee to add to the Society's Library such works of standard authors as were likely to be most popular, and accordingly advantage was taken of the departure to England of one of their number, Mr. W. G. Dredge, to order such oratorios as the Conductor and Committee considered it most advisable to obtain. "The first instalment of this music, consisting of the full scores, band parts, &c., of Handel's Judas Maccabaeus, Israel in Egypt, Samson, Acis and Galatea, Haydn's Creation, and Novello's Glee and Part-Song Books arrived in time to be of good service to the Society in the late series of concerts. 'The cost of the consignment was £130, and further supplies to the Secretary's order are now overdue . . ."

"DIED", The Argus (5 May 1855), 4

On the 3rd inst, in her 32nd year, Eleanor, the wife of W. G. Dredge.

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (4 January 1856), 5 

The second annual meeting of this society was held yesterday evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institution . . . Mr. Russell was voted to the chair, and called upon the Hon. Secretary, Mr. G. B. Richardson, to read the report, which he did as follows -
MELBOURNE PHILHARMOMIC SOCIETY. Report for 1855 . . . Your committee has withing the twelve months undergone considerable change. Mr. Hood leaving for America, and Messrs. Halles, Langlands, and Walker resigning, left vacancies which have been filled up by the election of Messrs. G. L. Allan, T. H. Davis, R. Bradford, and W. G. Dredge, this last an old and valued member of last year's committee, who has lately returned from England . . ."
. . . The following gentlemen were elected members of committee for the ensuing year:-
W. G. Dredge, Thomas Ewart, Richard Bradford, Thomas Holme Davis, Benjamin Horton, W. H. Williams, E. Keep . . .

"MARRIED", The Argus (9 June 1857), 4

On Saturday, May 30th, at St. James's Cathedral, by the Very Rev. H. B. Macartney, D.D., Dean of Melbourne, William G. Dredge, of this city, to Sara Jane, second daughter of William Edwards, Esq., of London.

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 May 1858), 8

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. Instrumental amateurs are informed that the BAND of the above society MEET for REHEARSAL every Tuesday evening, at half past 6 o'clock, at the Mechanics' Institution, under the leadership of Mr. Edward King.
W. G. DREDGE, Hon. Secretary.

[News], The Argus (24 January 1861), 4

On Friday evening last a treat was given to the inhabitants of Brunswick in the shape of an amateur concert, which took place at the court-house, under the patronage of the Chief Secretary, the Municipal Council, and bench of magistrates. A number of ladies and gentlemen residing in the locality took part in the proceedings, the object of the concert being the Relief of the Orphans and Widows of the Soldiers of the 40th Regiment who have fallen in the New Zealand war. The programme comprised a selection of glees, madrigals, songs, &c., which were performed in a manner that afforded a pleasant evening's amusement to a crowded audience. Great credit is due to the leader, Mr. W. G. Dredge, who presided at the pianoforte, and under whose direction the concert was conducted. The evening's amusement resulted in a substantial benefit to the charitable object referred to.


Sir, - My attention has been drawn to a letter in your issue of Friday last, signed "A Victorian," referring to the approaching festival, in the following words: - "It is rumoured the number of performers will be the same as usual," and suggesting an appeal to the choirs of churches, &c.
Permit me to refer "A Victorian" to your columns of Tuesday last, where, in the society's advertisement, "the co-operation of amateurs capable of singing in chorus is earnestly solicited." I may add that much has already been done privately to gain additional help, and not in vain; and, further, that there is scarcely one choir in Melbourne or its suburbs which does not contribute a portion of its members to the Philharmonic chorus. The number of principal artistes engaged will show, that in one portion of the performers the committee have had no thought of submitting three ordinary concerts as a festival. Every available capable instrumentalist has been secured, and there is every prospect of the numbers in the chorus bearing a proportionate increase.
I am, Sir, your obedient servant.
W. G. DREDGE, Hon. Secretary Philharmonic Society,
Custom-house, Sept. 22.

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (20 January 1864), 5

The annual meeting of this society was held last evening, at the Mechanics' Institution . . . The annual report was read and adopted, as follows :
At the third subscription concert, the honorary leader of the society placed at the disposal of the committee the complete parts of Meyerbeer's overture "L'Etoile du Nord," and of Weber's overture "Euryanthe" . . . A vote of thanks was accorded by the society to Mr. W. C. Fisher for his kindness; and also to Mr. W. G. Dredge, for the use of Mozart's "Jupiter" symphony, performed for the first time in Victoria at the same concert . . . The following were elected office-bearers for the year 1864: . . . honorary secretary - Mr. W. G. Dredge . . .

[News], The Argus (8 December 1864), 4

At the close of the ordinary rehearsal of the Philharmonic Society on Tuesday evening, a communication from the president, Sir Redmond Barry, to the conductor was read to the meeting. The letter contained a suggestion that a fitting opportunity now presented itself of recognising by means of a substantial testimonial the valuable services of Mr. W. G. Dredge, who for many years has filled the office of honorary secretary to the society, and whose unwearied efforts for its welfare have contributed largely to the distinguished position it holds among the musical institutions of Australia. After great labour and anxiety, Mr. Dredge has expressed a wish to be relieved from his onerous duties, but it is much to be wished that he would consent to reconsider his determination. However, be this as it may, it is certainly only due that all he has done should be acknowledged, and the proposal of the president will, doubtless, be largely responded to. Mr. Horsley recommended that the matter should be practically taken into consideration at the conclusion of the rehearsal on Tuesday evening next.

[News], The Herald (28 December 1864), 2 

We understand that a concert is to be given during the ensuing month by the Philharmonic Society at the Exhibition-building. The object is for a benefit to Mr. Dredge, who has held the position of secretary for several years. Selections will be given from the "Creation," the "Lobgesang," "Israel in Egypt," and "Christ at the Mount of Olives." Messrs. Elsasser, Goold, Russell, and Horsley, who have been conductors of the society at different periods, will take part in the entertainment.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Age (8 February 1865), 7 

A grand historical concert of sacred music was given by the Philharmonic Society, in the Exhibition building, last night, in aid of a fund for the purchase of a testimonial to Mr. Dredge, the society's indefatigable secretary. Mr. Dredge has, for more than ten years past, contributed much by his exertions to the success of our premier musical union, and probably no one in this city deserves better at the hands of the musical public of Melbourne, who have experienced such pleasure and profit from the services rendered by Mr. Dredge in the cause of harmony. The concert was of the most elaborate description, and, if it be possible to have too much of a good thing, the performances were open to some slight objection on that score. The design in the selection of the programme was to illustrate the progress of oratorios from 1735 to 1840. Thus the first part was devoted to an exposition of the works of the two great symphonious masters, Handel and Haydn. The full harmony, and slow and solemn method of expression peculiar to the former was illustrated by selections from his "Israel in Egypt;" and the musical gems of "The Creation" were selected as representative of the genius of the inventor of pianissimo. For the later school of composition, selections from the "Engedi" and "Hymn of Praise," of Mendelssohn were chosen; and the most pleasingly rendered portions of the concert were the pieces in which this composer has given play to his elegant fancy and power of graceful melody. The principal performers were Mrs. Fox, Miss B. Watson, Miss Warden, Miss Liddle, Signor Castelli, Mr. Exon, Mr. Angus, and Mr. Blanchard. Owing to the unfavorable state of the weather, the attendance was only moderate. His Excellency the Governor, however, was present, and the performances were well appreciated.

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 February 1865), 4

DREDGE. - On the 20th inst., at Neptune-street, St. Kilda, William Gilpin Dredge, aged thirty-nine years and eleven months.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (21 February 1865), 8

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. NOTICE TO MEMBERS. The funeral of the late Honorary Secretary of the society, Mr. W. G. Dredge, will take place on Wednesday, the 22nd inst. There will be a special rehearsal this evening (Tuesday), at the Mechanics' Institute. CHARLES EDWARD HORSLEY, Conductor.

THE FUNERAL of the late WILLIAM GILPIN DREDGE is appointed to take place on Wednesday, the 22nd inst. Friends are invited to meet at Wesley Church, Lonsdale-street east, at half-past 3 o'clock, to follow his remains to the Melbourne General Cemetery. JOHN SLEIGHT, undertaker, 71 Collins-street east.

[News], The Argus (10 April 1865), 5

The Melbourne Philharmonic Society will give its first subscription concert for the year to-morrow evening, at the Exhibition Building. The programme will consist of Mozart's "Requiem," and Mendelssohn's "Athalie." The former has been selected as a mark of respect to the memory of the late Mr. W. G. Dredge, the society's honorary secretary; the latter has not been performed before in Australia. The principal vocalists will be Miss Watson, Miss S. Mortley, Miss M. A. Liddle, Mr. E. Exon, and Mr. S. Angus; the band and chorus will number 200 performers; and the entire performance will be under the direction of Mr. C. E. Horsley.

[News], The Argus (12 April 1865), 4

The Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave their first concert of the season at the Exhibition Building last evening, to a large audience. The first part was occupied by the performance of pieces especially selected as a tribute of respect to the memory of Mr. W. G. Dredge, late hon. secretary of the society, and a distinguished and unwearied promoter of its interests. For this purpose, the "Dead March" in Handel's "Saul," and Mozart's Requiem were chosen. The march was performed with striking effect, and full justice was done to that extraordinary piece of funereal music. The requiem was scarcely so successful as could be wished, for it must be owned that in the more difficult passages the chorus wavered somewhat. This it was not difficult to forgive, seeing that the work is one which, from its nature, can rarely be produced, and is therefore the more unfamiliar; and, moreover, the extreme richness of the accompaniments rendered by a full and excellent orchestra, were no mean compensation . . .

[News], The Argus (3 May 1865), 5

A difference of opinion between the committee and conductor of the Philharmonic Society, relative to the purchase of some instrumental music of value, formed the staple of a long and somewhat inharmonious discussion last evening, at the Mechanics' Institute. The meeting, which was presided over by Sir Redmond Barry, was convened for the purpose of taking into consideration the conduct of the committee in not purchasing from Mrs. W. G. Dredge, widow of the late secretary of the society, some instrumental music, chiefly symphonies from Beethoven and Mozart, procured by Mr. Dredge from Novello's in London, and which had been offered to the society for £40; its alleged worth being about £80 or £90. A resolution censuring the committee was submitted by Mr. C. E. Horsley, who contended that they had virtually promised to secure the music for the society, but had not done so, and by their course of action had evinced a want of respect for the memory of their late secretary and of sympathy for his widow. Mr. W. C. Fisher, who followed in the same strain, seconded the resolution. The treasurer of the society, Mr. J. J. Blundell, and Mr. J. S. Judd, ably vindicated the proceedings of the committee, and an amendment, approving of their action in the matter, was proposed by Mr. Exon and seconded by Mr. Tate. Previous to putting the resolutions to the meeting, the chairman essayed to pour oil on the troubled waters, and by a few timely and apt suggestions, succeeded in inducing movers and seconders to withdraw resolution and amendment, and agree to a proposition to the effect that a portion of the amount requisite to purchase the music should be raised by private subscription, and the balance paid from the funds of the society, which the treasurer in the course of the evening stated were not very plethoric. This was agreed to with acclamation. A vote of thanks was accorded to the chairman, who intimated his intention of subscribing £3 3s. towards the sum needed for completing the purchase.

[News], The Herald (3 May 1865), 2 

A special meeting of the members of the Philharmonic Society was held last evening, at the Mechauics' Institute, at the instance of Mr. C. E. Horsley, who wished to have the opinion of the society upon the action taken by the committee in reference to the purchase of a quantity of music from Mrs. Dredge. His Honour Sir Redmond Barry, the president of the society, occupied the chair. To lay the case before our readers, it is necessary to state that in February, 1861, the late Mr. Dredge sent to England for a quantity of music, which included the Symphonies of Beethoven and Mendelssohn, and though he was not officially instructed by the society to do so, according to Mr. Horsley's statement, the pieces were intended for use of the members. In due course the music arrived from the Messrs. Novello, and the society have had the use of it for the last two or three years. After Mr. Dredge's decease, Mrs. Dredge, who was liable to the publishers for the cost of the music, offered it to the members of the committee for L40. They declined to accept it on the grounds that the financial position of the society would not warrant their making such an expenditure, and the result was that Mr. Horsley, who had recommended the outlay, was very much aggrieved by the course adopted by the committee, and called the meeting last evening for the purpose of passing a vote of want of confidence in them. Several speakers addressed the meeting, including Messrs. Horsley, Fisher, Blundell, Judd, and Exon. Mr. Horsley moved that the members propose a vote of want of confidence in the committee for the course that they had taken in refusing to buy the music, and Mr. Exon moved the negative as an amendment. The chairman then addressed the meeting, with the view of allaying the ferment that had been created, and suggested that some course should be adopted to prevent either the motion or amendment being put. The committee had offered to pay L25 towards the purchase of the music, and if the members would subscribe towards the remaining portion he would be happy to contribute L3 3s., and he had no doubt that the balance would be raised by some other means, such as giving a concert or even a rehearsal, so that a small fee could he charged for admission. After some further conversation it was decided to withdraw the motion and amendment, and raise the money by subscription.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 July 1866), 8

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY - Handel's Oratorio JUDAS MACCABAEUS will be given as the first Subscription Concert for 1868 at the Exhibition-building, on Tuesday, 17th July inst.
Theo. Dredge, Honorary Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 October 1867), 3

MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . Theo. Dredge, Honorary Treasurer.

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. No. III", The Argus (15 January 1879), 6 

. . . In the latter part of the year [1864] the health of the Hon. secretary compelled him to intimate his forced retirement at the end of the year. At the adjourned annual meeting public reference was made to this and a well deserved tribute of praise embodied in the report of the committee for the untiring energy and ability displayed, and the valuable services rendered to the society by their Hon. secretary, W. G. Dredge, Esq., during the 11 years of its existence and they sincerely hope that the testimonial about to be raised to him on his retiring from the active duties of his office may be worthy of his acceptance . . .

As the society's contribution to the Dredge Testimonial a grand historical concert was given on 7 February [1865], illustrating the progress of oratorio from 1735 to 1840. It consisted of selections from Israel in Egypt Creation and Engedi with Lobgesang complete. Each portion had its separate conductor, leader, and organist so that all of the gentlemen who had filled these respective offices joined in testimony to the one who, despite differences of opinion was the friend of all all. Within a fortnight the object of so much kindly feeling was no longer with us. A voyage to South Australia undertaken with the hope of recruiting health, had the opposite effect and hastened the sad end. A history of the Philharmonic Society would be incomplete indeed without special reference to one whose disinterested work, great love for music, and very intimate acquaintance with nearly all the amateur or professional musicians, made him invaluable. As organist of Wesley Church where in the old times one of the best choirs was found - he came in contact with many good singers. These almost as a matter of course became members of the Philhar-onic, the Beaumont family (five), Miss Pitts and Mr. Perraton being among the number. His private friends were pressed into its service. No sacrifice of time or labour was too great to advance its interests. The crowds who attended and took part in the musical funeral service attested the universal regard for him and so long is the society lasts, and however great its achievements may be no one will do or will have done more to promote its success than he who affectionately lives in the memory of numberless friends as "Willie Dredge." The committee of resolved their respect to his memory by selecting the Requiem for performance at the first concert, the second part being Mendelssohn's "Athalie" for the first time in Victoria . . .

"DEATH OF MRS. CARL FISCHER", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1896), 5

. . . Mrs. Fischer was a native of Gloucester, England, and was born in 1834. She arrived in Australia in 1856, and was married to the late Mr. William Dredge, well known in Melbourne for his abilities as a musician. In 1864 [1865], after the death of her husband, the deceased lady visited England, and returned the following year. A year later she was married at St. Kilda to Mr. Wilhelm Carl Fischer, a merchant. Mrs. Fischer was from 1870 to 1877 the conductor of a ladies' school in Geelong, which was established on a large scale. During that period her taste for journalism induced her to contribute musical critiques to several of the Melbourne papers. In 1879 she came to Sydney, and became associated with the Sydney press. She was an indefatigable, as she was a talented writer, her specialties being musical and dramatic contributions and social notes. She was not merely a writer on social matters, but entered into social and benevolent projects with the utmost devotion . . .

"DEATHS", The Age (16 October 1909), 7 

DREDGE. - On the 14th October, at his daughter's residence, "Ardgowan," Essendon, Theophilus Dredge, in his 87th year. A Victorian colonist since January, 1839. Interred privately.

"Prominent Topics", Advocate (23 October 1909), 24 

The late Mr. Theophilus Dredge was born at Salisbury, England, on May 10, 1823, and was the son of Mr. James Dredge, Master of Fisherton Academy. He came to Australia with his father in the barque Elizabeth (300 tons), arriving at Sydney on September 24, 1838. Subsequently he left Sydney, and landed at Port Phillip in the barque Hope on January 3, 1839. He was first employed in the Melbourne post office, then only a primitive wooden structure, and afterwards well known as gold buyer for Messrs. Benjamin and Co., Customs agents. He was one of the first performing members of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and was an old resident of Essendon.

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (25 October 1909), 5 

Mr. Theophilus Dredge, who died at Essendon last week in his 87th year, was not only a colonist since 1839, but he took in former years a prominent place in the musical world of Melbourne. He was a member of the choir in the first Wesleyan Church, erected in Flinders-lane, at the rear of the site of Champion's Hotel. The church, until the hotel was rebuilt a few years since, became the kitchen of the hotel. Subsequently ho was one of the choir at Collins-street Methodist Church, which stood where the Bank of Australasia now stands. He was the conductor of the Wesley Church choir for many years, and was one of the founders of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, being its first secretary [sic].

"PERSONAL", The Argus (25 August 1928), 16

Mr. Theophilus James Dredge, whose death is announced, was a son of Mr. Theophilus Dredge, who arrived at Melbourne on January 3, 1839, by the ship Elisabeth (Captain Hall) with his father, Mr. James Dredge. The appointment of assistant protector of aborigines was held by Mr. James Dredge; and his son Theophilus, one of the founders of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, was associated with the early days of Wesley Church.

Other sources:

Rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society (Melbourne: Printed by W. H. Williams, 1854) (DIGITSED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Garryowen", [Edmund Finn], The chronicles of Early Melbourne, 1835 to 1852, historical, anecdotal and personal . . . Centennial edition (Melbourne: Fergusson and Mitchell, 1888), volume 1, 488 (DIGITISED)

THE MELBOURNE HARMONIC SOCIETY. The first musical combination in the colony was established under the above designation in 1841, with the folloyving office-holders: - Leader, Mr. Charles Beswicke; Conductor, Mr. William Clarke; Treasurer, Mr. John Jones Peers; Secretaries, Messrs. Benjamin, Heape, and William Dredge. They met every Thursday evening in the Wesleyan Chapel, Collins Street, but the effort did not come to much.

Rhonda Dredge, "'An awful silence reigns': James Dredge at the Goulburn River", The La Trobe Journal 61 (Autumn 1998)

William Gilpin Dredge, Find a grave 

DREW, Miss (Miss DREW)

Teacher of singing and the pianoforte (pupil of Samuel Sebastian Wesley)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 February 1855 (per Abdalla, from Plymouth, 3 November 1854)
Active Sydney, NSW, March 1855 (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1855), 4 

February 21. - Abdalla, ship, 961 tons, Captain Clark, from Plymouth November 3. Passengers: . . . Miss McEwen, Miss Drew, and 216 immigrants. Dr. Haunet, surgeon. Lyall, Scott, and Co., agents.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1855), 1 

MISS DREW, pupil of Dr. Wesley, gives lessons in Singing and the Pianoforte, with thorough bass. For particulars enquire at WOOLCOTT and CLARKE'S; or at No. 1, Cumberland-street.

DREWE, Arthur James (Arthur James DREWE; A. J. DREWE)

Organist, composer, editor (pupil of William Stanley)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1851 ("14 September 1854" [sic]); son of James Leighton DREWE and Elizabeth KNOCK
Died Glebe, NSW, 25 May 1921, "in his 69th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1880), 8

An interesting organ recital took place yesterday afternoon at the Garden Palace. Each of the pieces was meritoriously rendered, and applauded. A promising young Australian organist, Mr. Arthur James Drewe, pupil of Mr. William Stanley (organist of Christ Church), and Mr. Sharpe (organist of St. Philip's) performed several excellent selections of oratorio and secular music on the large organ. The most noteworthy piece he performed were, "Marche Celeste," by Vilbre; "Incline thine ear to me," by Himmel; a selection, by Ebelon; "Kyrie eleison," from Mozart's Sixteenth Mass; and the " Gloria," from Mozart's Twelfth Mass.

"MASONIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 April 1890), 31

THE MUSICAL RITUAL. Worshipful Brother A. J. Drewe is actively engaged in the preparation of a revised edition of his "Masonic Musical Ritual."

"Masonic Musical Ritual", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (9 May 1891), 1028

A publication, designed especially for the members of that important fraternity, the Freemasons, has been forwarded to us, which, apart from the purpose for which it is particularly designed, will be found of great interest by many who - though not belonging to the mystic brotherhood - regard all that is made known concerning the rights of this ancient order with the fascination which generally surrounds any subject upon which fall particulars are reserved for the initiated; and, further, will afford profitable study to all musical people, and especially to those who delight in music for the harmonium. This work has been arranged by the Worshipful Brother A. J. Drewe, Grand Director of Music for the Masonic Order in New South Wales, and in a brief preface the object of the publication and the causes which have made the work more extensive than was at first contemplated are well set forth. The compilation has evidently been a labour of love, but must nave involved considerable study and skill, independent of the musical ability which has been enlisted in its production, and is most creditable to the editor and his co-workers. The Ritual includes compositions by 20 musicians in the following proportions: Augustus Ghede, grand organist, contributes 32 numbers; Joseph Massey, grand mark organist, 28; G. Lardelli, F.C.O., 21; Arthur J. Drewe, Grand Director of Music, 11; Alfred A. Smith, five; Henry Smith, four; N. J. Gehde and Edward J. Gehede, two each; Handel, Holly, E. J. Hopkins, Turle, Rev. R. R. Chope, F. Buck, Theodore Tourriar, Camidge, Gauntlett, Troyte, G. R. Allpress, P.G.D.M., and Charles Huenerbein one number each, which, with "Auld Lang Syne," and 11 anonymous numbers, make a true of 149 compositions exclusive of responent and short phrases which have no number attached. It will be seen that by far the greater portion is the work of local composers, all of whom are, it appears, brethren of the order, and there is much merit and talent comprised in the collection; the gems of local works will be found in those of Brothers Lardelli, Augustus Gehde, Joseph Massey, and Arthur J. Drewe, many of which are exceedingly interesting. Those adapted to words by T. E. Spencer, P.G.W., deserve special notice. The verses apparently lend themselves well to the musical setting, and these comprise the most felicitous of the vocal numbers. The different requirements of the various lodges exact several adaptations of the same portion of the Ritual, and three or four settings are given occasionally by one musician, or four musicians adapt the same words according as they are to be used by different orders of the brotherhood. It is beyond our province to detail the several advantages which the publication must afford to the fraternity, but we repeat that, apart from its Masonic merits, it will be found a welcome to any musical library. Handel's Dead March in "Saul," "A Hymn to the Season" (Reginald Heber), "Where the Brightest Sun" (Spencer), music to the words of W. H. Ore, Grand Bard, and a good march, need no Freemasonry to make them interesting. Messrs. Geo. Murray and Co. are the publishers of the production, which is highly creditable to them; and the editor intimates, in a circular, that single copies will be sold at half-a-crown, and a liberal allowance be made to purchasers of larger numbers. The Ritual comprises music for the whole of the three degrees in full, installation ceremony, laying foundation-stone, consecration of new lodge, dedication of Masonic Temple, various Masonic odes and anthems, Funeral Anthem, solos, marches, etc.; and as nearly all is composed in four-part harmony for male voices, it will therefore meet a much desired and greatly felt want.

Public Service List, 1897; Colonial Treasurer's department (Sydney: New South Wales Government, 1897), 31 (PAYWALL)

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE . . . READING AND REVISING BRANCH / Drewe / Arthur James / [born] 14 Sept., 1854 / Reviser / [first appointment to the service] 1 Sept., 1868 / [to present position] 1 Oct., 1895 / [salary] 300 . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1921), 8

DREWE. - May 26, 1921 (suddenly), Arthur James Drewe, late of Government Printing Office, dearly loved husband of Ada B. Drewe, in his 69th year.

"Obituary", Watchman (9 June 1921), 2

Musical works:

Music for the ceremonies of the Masonic Order arranged by A. J. Drewe (Sydney: G. Murray, 1891)


Musician, bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Born Ballygawley, Ireland, 1834
Active Sydney, NSW, 1853-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



Darlinghurst Gaol, description and entrance books, 1854, ; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

265 / Edward Parker / 11th Regt. / [born] 1831 . . .
266 / Thomas Dreury / 11th regiment / 1834 / 5' 8" / . . . (PAYWALL)

266 / Thomas Dreury / 11th Regt. / [born] Dublin / Cath[olic] / Lab[oure]r . . . Acquitted / [disposed of] 17 Feb 1854

"GROSS OUTRAGE", Empire (30 January 1854), 5

Murphy, while crossing Hyde Park on Friday night about 11 o'clock, in company with a friend, was assailed by two soldiers, one of whom snatched a watch from the person of Murphy, and immediately made off accompanied by his comrade. The watch is a patent lever, valued at £7, but unfortunately neither the number nor the maker's name is known, nor would Murphy be able to Identify the fellows again. One of the ruffians was in a red coat, the other attired as a bandsman.

"ROBBERY", Empire (1 February 1854), 2

Edwin Parker and Thomas Drewry, the former a private, and the latter a bandsman belonging to Her Majesty's 11th Regiment, were placed in the dock charged with stealing a silver watch and gold chain from Mr. James Murphy, in Hyde Park, on Friday night last . . .

"SYDNEY QUARTER SESSION", Empire (18 February 1854), 4

Edward Parker and Thomas Drewry, two privates of the 11th Regiment, were indicted for robbing one James Murphy, of a watch and chain, on Hyde Park. Acquitted and discharged.

"SYDNEY QUARTER SESSION", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1854), 3

. . . The jury acquitted both prisoners, and they were discharged.

"DESERTED", Reports of Crime . . . for police information, New South Wales (12 August 1854), 1 (PAYWALL)

. . . From the 11th Regiment, Sydney, on the 5th instant: -

Private Thomas Drewery - age 19 years 10 months; size, 5 feet 7 inches; complexion, fresh; hair, fair; eyes, grey; date of enlistment, 26th October, 1848; at what place enlisted, Dublin; where born, Ballygawley; trade, musician; coat or jacket, white jacket; trowsers, black, with broad red stripes.

Private George Tyler - age, 25 1/2 years; size, 5 feet 5 1/2 inches; complexion, fair; hair, light; eyes, blue; date of enlistment, 23rd July, 1845; at what place enlisted, Chatham; where born, Burntwood, Essex; marks, branded with D; trade, musician; coat or jacket, white shell; trowsers, black, with broad red stripes.

Remarks: - Both deficient of the whole of their necessaries. Drewery has taken a flute with him, and Tyler a clarionet.

DRIVER, Richard (Richard DRIVER)

Amateur flute player (pupil of Robert McIntosh)

Born Sydney, NSW, 28 March 1803; baptised 18 April 1803, son of convict John DRIVER (1773-1810) and Elizabeth GORE (1762-1825)
Married Eliza POWELL (1806-1893), St. Philip's church, Sydney, NSW, 1 July 1823
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1868, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

See also his son Richard Driver junior


"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1823), 3

By Special License, at St. Philip's Church, Sydney, on Tuesday the 1st instant, Mr. RICHARD DRIVER, of Castlereagh-street, Sydney, to Miss ELIZA POWELL, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Powell, formerly of the Half-way House, Parramatta-road.

"SUPREME COURT. Halloran v. Hall", The Australian (24 May 1826), 4

. . . Mr. RICHARD DRIVER was a pupil of Dr. Halloran's, for three years, and during that time never knew the plaintiff knowingly, to let any immoralities be practised . . .

"LAW INTELLIGENCE . . . THE QUEEN V. MCINTOSH", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1851), 2

. . . Richard Driver proved that he knew old McIntosh and his family from their arrival in the colony, in 1814; has heard old McIntosh call the defendant "my Bobby;" old McIntosh was witness's instructor on the flute; in answer to a question as to whether the family likeness of old McIntosh and the defendant was strong, the witness said, that like a knife, "the maker's name was stamped on the blade." On cross-examination, witness said that he was thirteen years old at that time, and that defendant was either ten or eleven; he was smaller than witness; this was in 1815; defendant appeared about two years younger than witness.

"DEATHS", Empire (13 May 1868), 1

On the 12th instant, Mr. Richard Driver, senior, aged 65 years.

"THE LATE MR. DRIVER, SENIOR", Empire (14 May 1868), 2

In our obituary notices yesterday was included the name of Mr. Richard Driver, senior, a well known colonist, and one of the first generation of natives. Mr. Driver, some years ago took a very active part in political movements in Sydney. In the first introduction of the elective element into our institutions, in 1843, and in the agitation against transportation a few years afterwards, as well as at the initiation of responsible government in 1856, Mr. Driver was one of our most active citizens. Always zealous in the cause of progress, he was invariably found on the liberal side. In support of Mr. Cowper, the late Mr. Robert Campbell, and other gentlemen associated with them on the popular side, Mr. Driver exercised considerable influence, and did the State good service on many occasions by his energy, tact, and extensive acquaintance with the feelings and tendencies of the older class of colonists. For several years previous to his death, declining health had prevented Mr. Driver from taking any active part in political movements, so that he had, to a considerable degree, passed out of notice, in the activity and bustle of the present generation. The intelligence of his death will recall the kindly recollections of those with whom he was formerly associated to a good colonist - a man who endeavoured to do his duty in that sphere of life to which he was called, and who, in public matters, acted without fear or favour.


Soprano vocalist, blind musician (touring NZ from VIC)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1898 (shareable link to this entry)


"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

This talented Company will open for a season, commencing on Friday evening, at Bonnie's Hall. . . . Miss Annie Drummond lost her sight when only six weeks old through a cold. She was trained at the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, and developed a charming soprano voice, having made an excellent name for herself on the concert platform. Is also a good player on violin and piano.

DU BOULAY FAMILY (shareable link to this entry)

DU BOULAY, Frank Houssemayne (Francis, F. H. DUBOULAY)

Professor of the English concertina

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1872-78
Died Beverley, WA, 12 January 1913

DU BOULAY, William

Violinist (pupil of Otakar Sevcik)

DU BOULAY, Maggie (Madge)

Teacher of violin, concertina, mandolin, "mandoline"


"IMPORTS", The Perth Gazette (4 August 1871), 2

[News], The Argus (30 July 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (21 December 1872), 5

"CONCERT", Border Watch (7 May 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1874), 12

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 February 1877), 13

M. F. H. Du Boulay, by his really grand performance on the concertina, astonished the audience by the exquisite harmony and brilliant tone with which he executed "La Ricerdanza and [recte by] Rode," followed, as an encore, by "Home, Sweet Home," with variations, and by the "Fantasie sur le Carnival de Venise," by Ernst. The audience were delighted by this beautiful performance.

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (21 August 1878), 10

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (7 June 1879), 26

"ST. GEORGE'S HALL. POPULAR CONCERTS", The West Australian (10 August 1905), 6

Mr. F. H. du Boulay introduced his several novel instruments, the symphonion or English concertina, the Xylophone, and the Corillan, the solos on the first two being re-demanded.

[Advertisement], The West Australian (16 October 1909), 8

"KALGOORLIE TOWN HALL. THE DU BOULAYS", Kalgoorlie Miner (24 November 1910), 6

Mr. F. H. du Boulay, a gentleman who has lived beyond the allotted span of life, put on an entertainment with a number of different instruments, which gave pleasure to his audience. He was encored for his aeola (concertina) and xylophone selections, and finished up with a corillon solo, "Home, Sweet Home," which delighted the house.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (6 March 1913), 21

An exceptional advantage now offered to violinists, the school having secured the services of William du Boulay as Professor. Mr. du Boulay is a brilliant pupil of the renowned Sevcik (Prague), and will devote himself to making known the Sevcik method of violin playing.

"IN MEMORIAM", The West Australian (13 January 1915), 1

DUCROS, John Henry (John Henry DUCROS; DUCROW)

Musician, musical instrument seller, musical instrument maker, flutina player

Born Dublin, Ireland; baptised St. Werburgh's church, 29 December 1817, son of William and Harriet DUCROS
Married Elizabeth ?, UK, c. 1840
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by November 1840
Active Sydney, NSW, 1840-1851
Died Ballarat, VIC, 7 June 1877, "age 57" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

DUCROS, John James (John James DUCROS)

Amateur musician, bandsman

Born Sydney, NSW, 3 November 1846; baptised, St. Philip's church, Sydney, 21 February 1847, son of John Henry DUCROS and Elizabeth ?
Married Mary HOWARD, Melbourne, VIC, 7 September 1888


Ducros was working as a gas-fitter in Sydney by late 1840, when he first advertised as being "recently from the City of Dublin", and giving his business address as Francis Ellard's music saloon.

In April 1841 he and his business partner William Jones advertised that they had previously "fitted in Dublin, Manchester, and Stockport, with great satisfaction", and in August they were licensed as agents for the Australian Gaslight Company. Nevertheless, they dissolved their partnership in September, at which time a Ducros and his wife were granted leave to sail for Auckland, New Zealand.

Mrs. Ducros arrived back in Sydney from Auckland during 1843.

Having himself returned to Sydney, perhaps sometime later, Ducros spent some time working for Francis Ellard. When Ellard went out of business due to insolvency in February 1847, Ducros appears to have taken over musical instrument business (James Grocott having taken over the print music sales), and in March advertised his own new business as a "Musical Instrument Maker", at 23 Hunter Street.

A satirical article in Bell's Life in February 1849 mentions an event that featured music from the Band of the 11th Regiment:

superior to any arrived in this quarter of the Globe - not forgetting the beautiful Band of the St. Patrick Teetotallers, and Ducro's private and influential chamber ditto [sic].

Given that the other two bands were real institutions, perhaps this indicates that Ducros also directed his own band; or it might refer to some mechanical musical instrument, several types of which Ducros advertised for sale.

Ducros appeared in the orchestra for John Philip Deane's concert in March 1849, and again for John Deane junior in April 1850.

At fellow music retailer James Grocott's concert in September 1850, Ducros played a solo on the patent flutina. For another of Grocott's entertainments in April 1851, it was advertised that, the theatre being closed that night, he was able to include in his band a number of regular theatre players. Since Ducros appears in the list, he may well have been a member of the theatre band at this time. He probably needed the extra income anyway, for in October he was listed as a new insolvent.

He was a listed soloist for concerts by the Gautrots in January 1852. In February 1854, he briefly advertised the reopening of his music instrument making and repairing business, but after 1855 disappears from professional record.

He and his family probably relocated to Melbourne sometime after 1857.


Baptisms in the year 1817, St. Werburgh's church (CoI), Dublin; Irish church records

[No] 40 / John Henry, Son of William and Harriet Ducros was born [blank] and christened December 29th 1817 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 November 1841), 3 

AUSTRALIAN GAS-LIGHT COMPANY . . . Licenses have been granted to the undermentioned persons as GAS-FITTERS to the Company, for the period of six months from this date: . . . John Ducros, of George-street south; Kenrick Hampton, of George-street south; William John Jones, of George-street south . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (15 April 1841), 3

The most extensive Gas Fitting Establishment is 50, Pitt-street, between the Gas Company's Office and the School of Arts. -
The proprietors are Messrs. JONES and DUCROS, who have fitted, in Dublin, Manchester, and Stockport, with great satisfaction. Churches and other places of public worship, public buildings, shops, stores, public offices, and private houses, fitted with safety and despatch.
Oil ornaments altered, bronzed, or lacquered, and altogether adapted to gas purposes.
50, Pitt-street, April 13, 1841.

[Advertisement], The Temperance Advocate and Australasian Commercial and Agricultural Intelligencer (26 May 1841), 10 

W. J. JONES, Tin-Plate Worker, COPPERSMITH, and Licensed GAS-FITTER . . . W. J. J, also hastens to announce, that he has taken into Partnership, and so secured the services of, Mr. J. Ducros, also a Licensed Gasfitter (recently from the City of Dublin), from whose- extensive practical knowledge, conjoined with W. J. J.'s own experience in Manchester and Stockport, the Largest Orders for Gas-Fitting can by them be executed, and guaranteed . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 September 1841), 3

Licenses of Departure were this day granted to the following persons, viz., Mr. and Mrs. Morton, and Mr. and Mrs. Ducros, to proceed in the barque Jupiter, bound to New Zealand, agreeably to the 10th section of the Act of Council, 4th Victoria, No. 17.
H. H. BROWNE, J.P., Superintendent of Water Police.
Water Police Office, Sydney, September 25.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 September 1841), 3

Dissolution or partnership. NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between William John Jones and John H. Ducros, as gas fitters, under the style or firm of Jones and Ducros, is this dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due to Jones and Ducros are to be paid to W. J. Jones, who will pay all accounts due from the said firm.
Witness to both signatures, JOHN VERCOE, Pitt-street, Sydney, September 24.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1843), 2 

From the Bay of Islands, yesterday, having left the 15th ultimo, the schooner Shamrock, 93 tons, Captain Daldy. with sundries. Passengers - . . . Mrs. Ducrow . . .

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", Sydney Chronicle (20 March 1847), 2 

. . . In the evening a grand musical entertainment was given in St. Patrick's Hall by the band of the society . . . Mrs. Guerin sung in a beautiful manner "The Land of the West" and one or two other favourite songs, and the audience were much delighted with the comic songs of Mr. Flanigan, and the nigger song of Mr. Ducrow . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1847), 1

MUSIC. JOHN DUCROS, MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER, (Late of F. Ellard's, George-street,) BEGS to acquaint his friends and the public generally, that he has commenced business in the above line at No. 23, Hunter-street, where he hopes, by unremitting attention and moderate charges, to merit a share of public support. N.B. Musical instruments of every description carefully repaired. Old instruments bought or taken in exchange.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1847), 1 

MUSIC. PARTIES desirous to obtain the fifteenth and most approved edition of J. Jousse's Pianoforte Tutor, can purchase them of G. Hudson, Music Seller, Pitt-street North: or J. Ducros, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Daily Advertiser (10 June 1848), 4 

FOR SALE OR RAFFLE. A FOUR BARRELLED ORGAN, plays four sets of Quadrilles, from Pre Au Clerc, Bronze Horse, Puritanie, La Venitiene, eight waltzes, two galloppes, and overture to Massaniello or the Fisherman of Naples, Market Chorus, in all thirty-two pieces. Price £15 15s.. or will be raffled by twenty members at 15s. each. On view at J. Ducro's, Musical Instrument Maker, 28, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Daily Advertiser (19 July 1848), 4 

JUST landed - One case of very superior accordions assorted, with instruction books for ditto, to be sold cheap. Apply to J. Ducros', Musical Instrument-maker, 28, Hunter-street.

"ACCIDENTS, ROBBERIES, AND OFFENCES", Sydney Chronicle (26 August 1848), 2

About ten o'clock, on Thursday evening, two accordians, one a fifteen key, and the other a twelve key instrument, were stolen from the shop of Mr. Ducros, Musical Instrument Maker, in Hunter-street. They are valued at 8l.

"ROBBERIES", The Australian (31 August 1848), 2 

On Thursday Afternoon about six o'clock, two valuable accordions were stolen from Mr. Ducros' shop in Hunter-street; there were some persons in a room behind the shop, but as they were playing on some musical instruments at the time, the noise doubtlessly prevented their hearing the entrance or exit of the thief.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Daily Advertiser (5 October 1848), 1 

J. DUCROS, 28. Hunter-street, continues to repair pianofortes, organs, seraphins, accordions, and every other description of musical Instrument.
N.B. - Pianofortes sold on commission, at five per cent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1849), 3

The Orchestra will comprise the following professional gentlemen: - Monsieur Gautrot, Messrs. Gibbs, Denne, sen., J. Deane, and Deane, jun., Guerin, Friedlander, Strong,
Ducro, Hudson, &c., and will be complete in every department, reinforced and assisted by the principal members of the splendid Band of Her Majesty's 11th Regiment . . .

"BETSY PUMPKIN'S LETTER", Bell's Life in Sydney (3 March 1849), 1

. . . Applications were made to the different Proprietors of Steam Boats, the Band of the XIth, superior to any arrived in this quarter of the Globe - not forgetting the beautiful Band of the St. Patrick Teetotallers, and Ducro's private and influential chamber ditto, which was selected intirely to play during the presence of the Governor . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

On Friday Evening, 30th March. Mr. Deane will be assisted by . . .
Messrs. Deane, Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Hudson, Ducros, Wright,
and by the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield the splendid BAND OF THE 11th REGIMENT . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 3 

For Sale by Private Contract
on each Barrel, comprising Waltzes, Marches, and National Airs,
ALSO, Jullien's Polka's, Jenny Lind's Waltzes, SACRED MUSIC.
In fact It is said to be the best that was ever Imported into the Colony, and is in first rate order.
Attached to it also is a Triangle and a Drum, so that it forms a Band of itself.
The instrument is now deposited at Mr. William Toogood's, Golden Fleece Hotel, corner of King and George Streets, for public inspection and approval, and will be there until Friday evening next, from Ten o'clock a.m., till Ten o'clock p.m., In a private apartment. ADMISSION-ONE SHILLING.
The Proprietor will be constantly in attendance.
For references apply to MR. J. DUCROS, 28, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1849), 1 

FOR SALE OR RAFFLE, A FULL and brilliant toned six octave grand square pianoforte, in a handsome rosewood case, with extra tension bars, made by Wolfe and Co.; the instrument cost one hundred guineas - will be sold a bargain for cash. Application to be made to J. DUCROS, 28, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1849), 3 

TO BE SOLD A BARGAIN, a very superior toned Church Organ, with three barrels, playing nearly thirty sacred tunes. Apply to J. DUCROS, 28, Hunter-street, agent for the sale of pianofortes.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1850), 1

. . . MR. DEANE . . . a Grand Concert . . . at the Royal Victoria Theatre, This Evening, Wednesday, the 3rd of April instant . . . Mr. Deane will be assisted by . . . Mr. Gibbs, Messrs. Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Vaughan, jun., Hudson, Ducros, Wright, several Amateurs of talent, and . . . the splendid Band of the 11th Regiment . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1850), 1 

THE following instruments are on sale at J. Ducro's, 28, Hunter-street,
One very superior square Pianoforte, in rosewood case, with metallic plate, by Tomkinson.
One second hand square, by Broadwood
One ditto ditto, ditto, grand
One new seraphine, fit for an extensive place of worship
Also, one self-acting pianoforte, playing the Bohemian quadrilles, polkas, and waltzes
N.B. Pianofortes bought and sold, on commission, at five per cent.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1850), 1

PROGRAMME . . . 13. Solo on the Patent Flutina - Mr. Ducros.
The whole of the music is perfectly new . . . and has been carefully selected from the immense stock just imported by J. T. Grocott . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (4 January 1851), 4 

DUCROS and Co. beg to call the attention of the Public to their assortment of PIANOFORTES and other MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS to be seen at their Ware Rooms, 28, Hunter-street.
One superior grand square Pianoforte with check action, metallic plate, &c., by Wolfe and Co.
One ditto in handsome rosewood case, with extra tension bars and metallic pinto, by Bunce and Co.v One ditto, semi-cabinet, in rosewood case, very superior tone, by Hinks.
One cabinet, six octave, in mahogany case, by Stodart and Son.
ALSO, Flutes, violins, cornopeans, accordeons, opheclides, clanychards, clarionets, violin strings, &c.
DUCROS AND Co., Musical Instrument Makers, 28, Hunter-street.
Pianofortes and all kinds of Instruments purchased for cash.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1851), 1

ADDITIONAL ATTRACTION AT GROCOTTS, THIS EVENING ONLY. THIS Evening (on account of the Theatre being closed), the band will be augmented by the voluntary assistance of Messrs. Hudson, Strong, Ducros, Pearson, Wallace, Worgan, and others; the saloon will be opened at eight o'clock, the Views exhibited at a quarter past eight, and will terminate precisely at ten o'clock. After which, the band will play (by desire) several of their favourite Polkas, Quadrilles, &c., &c. . . .

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1851), 2

John Ducros, of Hunter-street Sydney, music seller. Liabilities, £61 11s. 2d. Assets personal property, £11; outstanding debts, £6 15s. Total assets £17 15s. Balance deficiency, £43 l6s. 2d. Mr. George King, official assignee.

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME GAUTROT'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1852), 2 

These talented artistes give a grand concert this evening under the patronage of the leading families of the city, at the theatre of the School of Arts . . . The solo performers are Mr. John Gibbs, violin; Mr. Stanley, pianoforte; Mr. Baly, flute; and Mr. Ducros, flautina.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1854), 8

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKING AND REPAIRING. - Mr. J. H. DUCROS begs leave to announce to his numerous friends and patrons that he has recommenced business in the above line, and earnestly hopes, by strict attention to business, and moderate charges, to merit a continuance of the support heretofore so liberally bestowed. N.B. - Present address, Mr. CONSTABLE, Gas-fitter, Castlereagh-street.

[Advertisement], The Age (1 October 1878), 4

CARLTON DISTRICT BAND. - Next ASSEMBLY, Thursday, 3rd inst. Fine programme, new music. J. Ducros, Hon. Sec.

"DEATHS", Leader (8 September 1888), 40 

DUCROS - On the 23rd August, of acute pericardites, Elizabeth Ducros, aged 64, widow of the late J. Ducros, musical instrument maker, the beloved mother of J. J. Ducros, and grandmother of William, Bessie and Alice Sealie. - Deeply lamented.

"Marriages", The Age (15 September 1888), 7

DUCROS - HOWARD. - On the 7th September, by the Rev. N. Kinsman, special licence, John James Ducros, third son of the late J. H Ducros, musical instrument maker, to Mary A Howard, third daughter of John Howard, Esq., of Swords, Dublin, Ireland.

DUDEMAINE, Florentine (Florentine NICOLAS; Madame DUDEMAINE; Madame FARRELLY)

Professor of music, singing and dancing, composer

Born France, c. 1813
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by end of June 1843
Married Andrew FARRELLY (d. 1898), Sydney, NSW, October 1849
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 July 1861 (per Nile, for England)
Died Liverpool, Lancashire, England, March 1891 (buried Anfield Cemetery, Merseyside, 11 March), aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Madame Dudemaine had perhaps been in Sydney for some weeks or months before she first advertised, on 1 July 1843, as a "Professor of Music, Singing, French, and Dancing", since she indicated that it was "at the request of several of her friends" that she was commencing a twice weekly "Dancing Class for Young Ladies" at her residence at the corner of Goulburn and Elizabeth Streets.

Concerning both the time of her arrival and the "request" of friends, note that Charriere recommended his dancing students to John Clark when he left Sydney in January 1843. And, at New Year 1860, she herself returned thanks to her Sydney supporters for 17 years' patronage.

Another dancing teacher, Gerome Carandini, had first offered to teach the newly fashionable polka, when news of its vogue reached Sydney late in 1844, and in February 1845 he introduced the dance itself to Sydney theatre for the "first time in the colony".

In July 1845, Dudemaine offered to teach:

THE TRUE POLKA . . . Madame D. having been a pupil of the celebrated master MONSIEUR COULON, the first who introduced THE POLKA DANCE in the fashionable circles in Paris.

Dudemaine may, at a pinch, have been taught by Jean-François Coulon (1764-1836) in Paris, but more likely by his son Antoine Louis Coulon (1796-1849), or the English-based dancing master Eugene Germain Coulon (c. 1808-1891), later active in England.

Nevertheless, her only known composition was not a polka, but Le pittoresque quadrille, a full set of five figures published by Francis Ellard in June 1846 and respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Bland, formerly Mrs. Eliza Smeathman, who married William Bland in February that same year.

At 35 or so, Dudemaine herself married Andrew Farrelly, a building contractor and brother of a local Catholic (Benedictine) priest, Patrick (Serenus) Farrelly, at St. Mary's Cathedral, in October 1849.

She gave birth to a son in August 1850, and a second son (Serenus Michael Ernest) died, aged 9 months, in 1853.

Having, as Madame Farrelly run a weekly quadrille night and regular dancing classes during the 1850s, as well as a boarding and day school for girls, she and her surviving eldest son, Charles Andrew Farrelly (1850-1885), but without husband (? was he dead), left for England in 1861.

She was listed in the 1881 British census as French-born widowed music-teacher, aged 67, living in lodgings in Liverpool, and died there in March 1891 aged 78.

Andrew Farrelly, twice insolvent in Sydney, may not yet have been dead however. An Andrew Farrelly was in Queensland by 1862 when, on 29 July, he married the twice widowed Faithful Ezbery Hastings (c.1824-1915). In 1864, he took up a government appointment as poundkeeper at Gayndah. One of the oldest surviving pioneers of the Maryborough district, he died in 1898.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1843), 3 

MADAME DUDEMAINE, Professor of Music, Singing, French, and Dancing, has, at the request of several of her friends, formed a Dancing Class for young Ladies, which will commence on Friday next, July 7th, at her residence, Elizabeth-street, corner of Goulburn-street. Terms, moderate.
N.B. Class days, Tuesdays and Fridays, from three to five o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1843), 3 

MADAMS D. begs to announce, that she has opened an Establishment for Dancing, where this elegant exercise is taught in the same style as practised in the principal Saloons of Paris.
It consists altogether in slow and measured movements, and is principally distinguished by small steps performed with grace and lightfulness, and entirely differs from the theatrical style. However, the preliminary exercises in order for the limbs to obtain their proper developement, and cause them to acquire a suppleness which alone can impart grace and dignity are the same for both. Although this branch of education is by some deemed frivolous and unimportant, yet among the well educated it his ever been considered as most necessary, for independent of other advantages, the proper tuition of Dancing, and its accompanying exercises are exceedingly beneficial to the general health of females, to the expansion of the chest, and consequently to facilitate respiration and the circulation of the blood. The celebrated Dr. Trouchain used to prescribe dancing to all young females, and in consequence calisthenic exercises have been introduced into all Ladies' Seminaries of any eminence.
Madame D. opened her school for dancing on Friday the 7th instant, and the number of pupils that attended leads her to hope that her zeal and attention will be appreciated.
Class Days, Tuesdays and Fridays, from three to five o'clock. The remainder of the week she devotes to giving lessons in Music, both vocal and instrumental, and in teaching the French language.
Elizabeth-street South, Corner of Goulburn-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1844), 3

MADAME DUDEMAINE, Professor of Dancing, Music, and Singing, begs to inform the parents of her pupils that her classes in the above accomplishments will be resumed, as heretofore, on Tuesday next, 9th January, at her residence, Elizabeth street South, corner of Goulburn street.
N.B. - Dancing classes, as usual, on Tuesdays and Fridays from 5 to 7, p.m.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1845), 1

MADAME DUDEMAINE begs to return her sincere thanks to those parents and friends who have favoured her with their patronage, and to inform them that she continues to give lessons in Music, Singing, and particularly Dancing. Madame D. having been a pupil of the celebrated master MONSIEUR COULON, the first who introduced THE POLKA DANCE in the fashionable circles in Paris. Private families attended. 24, Park street, June 20.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1846), 1

NEW MUSIC. JUST PUBLISHED, THE PITTORESQUE QUADRILLES. Composed and arranged for the Pianoforte by Madame Dudemaine, To be had at her residence, 24, Park-street; or at Mr. Ellard's, George-street.

[Richard Thompson], [Review], The Spectator (20 June 1846), 262 

LE PITTORESQUE. Quadrille pour le Pianoforte, par MADAME DUDEMAINE, dedicated to Mrs. Bland. Ellard, George-street.

We have to acknowledge the receipt of the little piece of music announced above. We have scarcely had time to look over it, but from a glance through it a libre ouvert, as well as from a knowledge of Madame Dudemaine's talents, we have little doubt that it will form an acceptable addition to the portfolios of our fair readers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1848), 3 

MADAME DUDEMAINE has much pleasure in informing the parents of her pupils that the duties of her establishment, will be resumed on Wednesday, January 10th, and that she will be happy to make arrangements for private lessons in music and French, at her residence as usual, where circulars may be obtained on application. The class for dancing will assemble twice a week as usual. Park-street. December 29.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1849), 3

MARRIED. By special license, by the Rev. J. C. Sumner, in St. Mary's Cathedral, Mr. A. Farrelly, brother to the Rev. P. Farrelly, to Florentine Dudemaine, of Park-street, Sydney.

NSW 293/1849 V1849293 96 gives her family name as Nicolas

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1850), 8

On the 15th instant, at her residence, Park-street, Madame Farrelly, of a son.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1851), 1 

DANCING. - The "Country Dance Polka. - MADAME FARRELLY, in returning thanks for the very flattering patronage already bestowed on her, begs to intimate that her Dancing Classes still continue their duties. Madame Farrelly having acquired the above-named fashionable Polka from a lady recently arrived from England, (where it is a much-admired addition to the usual ball-room amusements,) has introduced it in her classes, which meet on Tuesday and Friday afternoons. Private families and schools attended the remaining afternoons. Park-street, May 6.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1853), 1 

MADAME FARRELLY (late Dudemaine) begs to inform the parents and guardians of her pupils that the duties of her establishment will be resumed on Monday, 17th instant. M. F. is also prepared to resume her classes for Dancing, Music, and Singing, and likewise to enter into fresh arrangements for the present year.

"DIED", Empire (24 May 1853), 2

On Saturday, the 21st instant, at the residence of his father, Park-street, Serenus Michael Ernest, second son of Mr. A. Farrelly, aged nine months.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1854), 5 

EDUCATION. - Madame Farrelly begs to inform her pupils and friends that she will resume the duties of her school on Tuesday, the 17th instant. N.B. - Madame Farrelly's Private Dancing Class for adults, on Friday evening from 7 to 10 o'clock; and the Juvenile Class on Tuesday and Friday from 3 to 6 in the afternoon. For terms apply at her residence at Pitt and Park streets.

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1855), 4

Andrew Farrelly, of Park-street, Sydney, builder. Liabilities, £619 5s. fid. Assets-value of personal property, £100; outstanding debts, £407; total assets, £507. Deficit, £142 6s. 5d. Mr. Perry, official assignee.

"SOIREE DANSANTE", Freeman's Journal (13 September 1856), 2 

On Tuesday evening Madame Farrelly gave a Soiree Dansante to her pupils and their friends at the Royal Polytechnic. We believe few re-unions of the season have been more brilliant than that of Madame Farrelly's on the occasion to which we allude. The evening's amusement afforded the highest satisfaction to all parties present.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1857), 1 

SELECT QUADRILLE PARTY. - MADAME FARRELLY having acceded to the request of her friends and pupils, to establish a Select Quadrille Party every THURSDAY EVENING, at her residence, 44, Elizabeth-street North, will COMMENCE on THURSDAY, July 16th. For tickets of admission, apply to Madame FARRELLY.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1858), 1 

EDUCATION. - The duties of Madame FARRELLY'S School will recommence on MONDAY, July 5th, Elizabeth-street North.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1858), 1 

MADAME FARRELLY'S Quadrille Party THIS EVENING, Tuesday, 103, Elizabeth-street North. Madame Farrelly's Quarterly Ball will take place on WEDNESDAY, September 1st. For tickets, apply at her residence, 103, Elizabeth-street North.

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1858), 5

Andrew Farrelly, of Elizabeth-street, Sydney, contractor. Liabilities, £492 0s. 5d. Assets - value of personal property, £100. Deficit, £392 03. 5d. Mr. Perry, official assignee.

"WENTWORTH AND MARTIN FOR SYDNEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1859), 4 

A MEETING, convened by advertisement, was held last night, at the Assembly Rooms of Madame Farrelly, Elizabeth-street, for the purpose of nominating William Charles Wentworth and James Martin as candidates for the representation of East Sydney. The meeting was very crowded . . .

[Advertisemment], Empire (23 May 1859), 10 

(At Madame Farrelly's Fancy Dress Ball; Easter Monday) . . .
. . . The Naiads, the Sirens, the aerial sprites,
That woo you throughout the Arabian Nights,
You should yield to the beauty, should "Sing rather Small"
To the Fairies who graced Madame Farrelly's Ball . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: David Wiley, the Park-street poet (d. 1876)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1859), 1 

MUSIC.- THOMAS CROWE, Violinist, Late Leader of the Royal Mail steamer's band the SALSETTE, ditto violinist to Madame Farrelly's, F. Clark's Quadrille Assembly, the United, the Rose, Australian, Criterion, Star Clubs, &c., &c. . . .


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1859), 1 

MADAME FARRELLY returns her sincere thanks to her numerous patrons and kind friends, and begs to inform them that she is reluctantly compelled, on account of ill health, to DISCONTINUE her Quadrille Parties and periodical Balls. Her LAST BALL will be given THIS EVENING, Tuesday, which she hopes will be fully attended. 103, Elizabeth-street North.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1859), 1 

REMOVAL. - Madame FARRELLY'S Boarding and Day School, from 103, Elizabeth-street North, to 90, Bathurst-street East.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1859), 1 

SMITH'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS (late Madame Farrelly's), Elizabeth-street, near King-street, are OPEN EVERY EVENING. Admission, gentlemen, 2s. 6d. ; ladies, 1s. Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1860), 4 

LADIES' BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL. 90, Bathurst-street East. - Madame FARRELLY, in returning thanks to her numerous patrons and friends for their kind support during the last seventeen years, begs to announce that after the present vacation she will have room for a few additional pupils, who will with the greatest care be instructed in all the branches of a superior and libera] education. School duties will be resumed on the 17th of January.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1861), 2 

BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL ESTABLISHMENT, 90, Bathurst-street East - Madame FARRELLY begs to intima'e that the DUTIES of her ESTABLISHMENT will be RESUMED on TUESDAY, January 22nd.

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1861), 7

. . . HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE. C. ADRAIN has received instructions from Madame Farrelly, in consequence of her leaving the colony, to sell by auction, on the premises, Bathurst-street, between Pitt and Castlereagh streets, on FRIDAY, 28th June, The whole of the household furniture, comprising - A first class pianoforte, double action, by Allison and Allison, cost eighty guineas . . .

"DEPARTURES FOR ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1861), 9

July 11. - Nile, ship, 716 tons, Captain Varley, for London. Passengers -Mr. and Mrs. Crosby and two children, Mrs. Bentley and three children, Miss Robertson, Madame Farrelly and son.

"EPITOME", The North Australian (16 February 1864), 1 Supplement

The Gazette notifies the appointment of Mr. Andrew Farrelly as poundkeeper at Gayndah, in the room of Mr. John Gill, resigned.

England census, 1881, Kirkdale, Liverpool, Lancashire; UK National Archives, RG 11/3680 (PAYWALL)

116 [Stanley Road] / Florentine Farrelly / lodger / W[idow] / 67 / music teacher / [born] France

Register of burials, March 1891, Anfield Cemetery, Merseyside; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

38390 / [March] 11 / Florentine Farrelly / 78 years / [address] The Little Sisters of [?] Belmont St. / Walton / Public Grave . . .

"Mr. Andrew Farrelly . . .", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (19 April 1898), 2

Mr. Andrew Farrelly, one of the few remaining pioneers of the district, passed away quietly yesterday at the ripe age of 77 years. He Arrived in Queensland before separation to carry out a contract under the N.S. Wales Government, the erection of a road bridge at Gatton . . .

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (27 April 1912), 10

. . . Well, in the mid-fifties, Madame Farrelly used to hire the old "Poly" for ball purposes, and many a good dance I had there. Madame had her class in Mrs. Hill's old house, corner of Park and Pitt streets, but her big dances were in the old "Poly." John Clark, too, used to engage the old place for quadrille parties (they call them socials now). I was at one of Madame's parties, in 1857, the night the Catherine Adamson was wrecked, and a wet night it was. I think the old place was built [? not] long after Macquarie's time . . .

NOTE: J. M. Forde (1840-1829) was about 17 at the time; "Poly" = Royal Polytechnic Institution

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (25 August 1912), 12

. . . Teddy McLean married Miss Shapter. She was a very capable Columbine in the old days. Time was when I used to dance with her at Madame Farrelly's, Wm. Clark's, &c. . . .

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "Old Sydney", Truth (8 November 1925), 20

. . . Round the corner in Park-street were Andrew Farrelly, a builder, with Madame Farrelly, professor of Music, French, singing and dancing . . .

Musical work:

Le pittoresque Quadrille, pour le piano forte, par Madame Dudemaine, respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Bland (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1846]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Godfrey Charles Mundy, Our Antipodes, or residence and rambles in the Australasian colonies, with a glimpse of the goldfields (London: Richard Bentley, 1852), vol. 1, 53 (and in later editions)

Certain it is that the "poor players" get a fairer share of applause than the same performances would secure at home. It would be a lesson to the used-up man of the world, to witness the raptures with which some of the public favourites, and their efforts histrionic, musical, and saltatory, are received and rewarded. Oh! it is delicious to mark the gratified countenances, and to hear the thundering plaudits which are especially awarded to the latter branch of theatric art. Well may Madame * * *, the Sydney Columbine and Maitresse de Danse, most spherical of Sylphides, bounce like an Indian-rubber ball; well may Signor * * * *, Harlequin and Dancing-master, half kill his fatted calves in acknowledgment of so much flattering approbation!

NOTE: Mundy is discussing the Sydney theatre here, since his arrival in 1846, and refers to Signor [Carandini]; but for Madame, his ellipses syllabically suggest it is not Madame Torning he has in mind, but perhaps Madame Dudemaine (Farrelly), albeit that she was never billed as appearing on stage or otherwise connected with the theatre.

Isadore Brodsky, The streets of Sydney ([Sydney]: Old Sydney Free Press, 1962), 105

Graeme Skinner, Toward a general history of Australian musical composition: first national music, 1788-c. 1860 (Ph.D thesis, Sydney Conservatorium of Music, University of Sydney, 2011), (DIGITISED)

Catherine Bishop, Minding her own business: colonial businesswomen in Sydney (Sydney: NewSouth Publishing, 2015) (PREVIEW)

DUFFY, John (John DUFFY; William DUFFY)

Late bandmaster (Band of the 49th Regiment, India)

Born c. 1812/13
Arrived TAS, c. 1855
Died Mount Nelson, TAS, 12 December 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"THE MOUNT NELSON SIGNAL MAN", The Mercury (13 December 1886), 2

All those who have ever paid a visit to the Mount Nelson signalling station will regret to hear of the sudden decease of Mr. John Duffy, the officer in charge there, who, by his general courtesy, kindness, and willingness to convey some of the varied knowledge and experience he had acquired, lent an additional attraction to the visit. Mr. Duffy having reached the good old age of 74, may be said to have run his course, and to have peacefully terminated a long, active, and useful life in the fulness of years. He was formerly in Her Majesty's service, and was bandmaster of the 49th Regiment in India, when he obtained his discharge about the year 1885 [recte 1855]. He then came to Tasmania, where he received a Civil appointment at Port Arthur. He only remained there a few months, when he was transferred to the Ordnance Department at Hobart and occupied a position in that department till 1858, when he proceeded to Mount Nelson as signalman, where he has remained ever since . . .

"Deaths", The Mercury (13 December 1886), 1

DUFFY. - On December 12, at Mount Nelson, John Duffy, late of H.M. 49th regiment of foot, aged 74.

"TASMANIAN INTELLIGENCE", Launceston Examiner (13 December 1886), 3

William Duffy, signalman at Mount Nelson, died this morning at the advanced age of 74 years . . . Deceased had been 28 years at the Mount Nelson station, and was previously in the army some 20 odd years, and had attained the position, of bandmaster at the time of his discharge.

DUFFY, Thomas (alias FERGUSON; "Old Tom the fiddler")

Violinist, fiddler, convict

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 1825
Convicted Edinburgh Court of Justiciary, Scotland, to transporation for 7 years
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 August 1849 (convict per Randolph, from England, 24 April 1849, via Port Phillip)
Active Maitland, NSW, by September 1849
Died Nemingha, NSW, 5 August 1879 (shareable link to this entry)


"DRUNKENNESS", The Maitland Mercury (5 September 1849), 2

. . . Thomas Duffy, a ticket-of-leave holder per Randolph, who had been apprehended on the race-course for being drunk and noisy, and having no authority about him for being in this district, was ordered to be forwarded to Sydney, and his ticket recommended to be cancelled; Duffy's statement was that he had been hired by a gentleman in Sydney, and was on his way up the country, when he was offered £2 by a publican to go and play the fiddle in one of the booths.

Darlinghurst Gaol, entrace and description books, 1849; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

1069 / Thomas Duffy / Randolph / 1849 / [born] 1825 . . . (PAYWALL)

1069 / Thomas Duffy / Randolph / 1849 / [born] Glasgow / Catholic / Paper maker . . .

"BOGGABRI","BOGGABRI", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 July 1879), 38

The band is getting on wonderfully well; and if it be only able to retain the services of the present band-master, it will be quite a musical ornament to the town . . . A musician, known by the name of Tom the Fiddler, is in town, accompanied by another who plays the bones, penny-whistle, and triangle at one time. How he does it is as follows: he hangs the triangle on his tongue, blows the whistle with his nostril. The rest can be understood. Any one would give him a half-crown not to do it. What won't people do for money!

"TAMWORTH", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12 August 1879), 7

On the 5th instant, at Mrs. M. A. Greer's Golden Sheaf Hotel, Nemingha, an inquest was held before Mr. D. W. Irving, District Coroner, and a jury consisting of Messrs. W. McIlveen, James Ballantine, Alex. McClelland, Richard Dempsey, and Lawrence Hinds, on view of the body of one Thomas Duffy, otherwise Ferguson. The deceased was known to many residents of this district as "Old Tom the Fiddler." He died in bed on the night of the 4th or morning of the 5th instant. From the evidence of John Lorimer, W. T. Smith, and Mrs. M. A. Greer, it appeared that deceased, who had been drinking somewhat heavily for several days, complained of palpitation of the heart. Dr. Wood, Government Medical Officer, deposed to having discovered, by means of a post-mortem examination, that the deceased suffered from fatty degeneration of the heart, considerable ossification of the aortic valves of the heart, traces of pleurisy, schirrhosus of the liver, and enlargement of the kidneys. All this disease was sufficient to account for death suddenly. The jury found "That Thomas Duffy, otherwise Ferguson, came to his death on the night of the 4th or morning of the 5th of August, 1879, in the Golden Sheaf Hotel, Nemingha, from disease of the heart."

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Duffy, Randolph, 1849; Convict records


Active Tasmania, 1839-52

DULY, Abraham Philip (Mr. A. P. DULY)
DULY, George Frederick (Mr. G. F. DULY)
DULY, Agnes (Miss DULY)

See main page Duly family

DUMOULIN FAMILY (shareable link to this entry)

DUMOULIN, Gustave Frederick

Violinist (pupil of Henri Vieuxtemps, and tutor of Jenny Claus)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1874

DUMOULIN, Ferdinand

Pianist, teacher of music


Violinist (pupil of Jenny Claus)


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 February 1875), 12

[News], The Argus (15 February 1875), 5

The Peoples Concert at the Temperance hall was densely crowded on Saturday evening and a highly enjoyable programme was gone through. The overture from "Il Trovatore" and duet from "Lucia di Lammermoor" on the violin and pianoforte by the Brothers Dumoulin were pleasingly rendered and met with an enthusiastic reception.

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1875), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1875), 12

"MARRIAGE", The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (11 February 1876), 2

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (16 August 1876), 10

Mr. Dumoulin played a violin fantasia, by Singelée, from "I Puritani." He produces a weak, sweet tone from the instrument, and is not great in the execution of passages requiring rapid fingering and brilliant execution.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (19 January 1880), 14

DUNCAN, The Misses (The Misses Duncan, Kelvin Grove)

Pianists, composers

Active Sale and Port Albert, Gippsland, VIC, 1862-70 (shareable link to this entry)


The Gippsland Times in May 1862 announced the publication of three compositions by:

the Misses Duncan, of Kelvin Grove, whose talents as both performers and composers have, for some time, been known to a private circle of friends.

In the same issue, the local music seller, J. D. Leeson, begged to announce:

the following NEW LOCAL MUSIC, composed and arranged for the PIANOFORTE by the MISSES DUNCAN (Kelvin Grove, Sale), The Avon waltz, dedicated to Mrs. Robert Thompson (Clyde Bank), The Lindenow schottische, dedicated to Mrs. John Davidson Smith (Lindenow), [and] The Gippsland Galop.

The three works were published in Melbourne by Joseph Wilkie.

Of the three, only The Lindenow schottische is known to survive.


[News], Gippsland Times (23 May 1862), 3

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (23 May 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1862), 3

"We have received three pieces . . .", The Argus (18 June 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 July 1862), 3


[News], Gippsland Times (14 September 1869), 2

"PORT ALBERT WESLEYAN CHURCH", Gippsland Times (29 March 1870), 3

DUNCAN, William Augustine (William Augustine DUNCAN; W. A. DUNCAN)

See main page William Augustine Duncan

DÜNE, Jacob (Jacob DÜNE; DUNE)

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active, SA, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenback, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Burton; Jacob Young

DUNLOP, Eliza Hamilton (Eliza Hamilton DUNLOP: Mrs. E. H. DUNLOP)

Poet, songwriter, recorder and translator of Indigenous songs

See main page Eliza Hamilton Dunlop 

DUNN, James (James DUNN)

Convict, amateur musician, flute player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE INCIDENTS. WEDNESDAY [30 January]", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1833), 2 

James Dunn was placed at the bar on the following charge. Prisoner, who is a moping, melancholy, lackidaisical looking fellow, contends that he was sent unjustly to this Colony and is therefore determined to slip his wind; in consequence of this determination he armed himself on Monday night with a razor, a prayer-book and a six-keyed flute, went into the kitchen, drew a table to the fire; seated himself in an arm chair, did a little psalmody, and then boldly took off his cravat, flourished the razor in the air and then incised his thorax in two places; fortunately, his master having an idea that all was not right, went into the kitchen just in time to prevent a third gash, the razor was taken away, wounds dressed, and he was conveyed to the watch house. The prisoner declared it to be intention to perfect what he had begun; the Bench therefore sent him to cool by ten days residence in a cell.

? "NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 January 1836), 4 

THE Conditional Pardons granted to the undermentioned Persons are now lying at this Office, and will be delivered to the respective Parties on Payment of the Fees due thereon to the Public: . . .
Surrey (1), James Dunn . . .

Bibliography and resources:

? James Dunn, Surrey (1), Australian convicts 

DUNN, John Benjamin (John Benjamin DONOGHUE; alias John Benjamin DUNN; John DUNN)

Comedian, dancer, delineator

Born Surrey, England, 1815 (? 1812)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by October 1856
Died Carlton, VIC, 19 August 1875, in his 62nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


JOHN BENJAMIN DUNN, THE ENGLISH JIM CROW, Actors by daylight (15 December 1838), 329

"JOHN BENJAMIN DUNN, THE ENGLISH JIM CROW", Actors by daylight (15 December 1838), 329 (portrait), 330-31 (article);view=1up;seq=359;view=1up;seq=360 

John Benjamin Dunn sent forth his first crow in this breathing world in the County of Surry, in the year 1812 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 October 1856), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . THE OPERATIC SEASON Will shortly commence with the Grand Opera of MASSANIELLO; To be followed by THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH, and CINDERELLA, Supported by the English Operatic Company. MR. JOHN DUNN, the celebrated delineator of Negro character and the original ENGLISH JIM CROW, is engaged for a limited period, and will shortly appear.

"JOHN BENJAMIN DUNN, THE ENGLISH JIM CROW", The Courier (9 May 1857), 3 

John Benjamin Dunn (who is now in Launceston) sent forth his first crow in this breathing world in the County of Surrey, in the year 1815 [1812 . . . from Actors by daylight, above] . . .

"DEATHS", The Age (19 August 1875), 2

DUNN. - On the 17th August, of aneurism of the heart, John Benjamin Donoghue: Dunn. Comedian, of the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and 244 Cardigan-street, Carlton, in the sixty-second year of his age. R. I. P.

"ANNALS OF THE TURF. AND OTHER PASTIMES", Sydney Sportsman (20 July 1904), 3 

. . . Then there were the sisters M. A. and Emma Crisp, a Miss Johnstone, Mr. R. Phillips, and Mr. Campbell, father-in-law of John Dunn, a comedian who flourished in Melbourne in the fifties, sixties end seventies. His correct name was John Benjamin Donohoe, and two of his daughters, Miss Rosa Dunn, now Mrs. L. L. Lewis, and Miss Marion Dunn, now Mrs. Marcus Clark, widow of the journalist and novelist, are well known to Australian readers. Of the Dunn family I shall have something to say at another time . . .

DUNN, Samuel (Samuel DUNN)

Destitute musician, "Lascar"

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 July 1838 (per Lady Hayes, from China, 23 April) (shareable link to this entry)


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1838), 2

From China, yesterday afternoon, whence she sailed the 23rd of April, the ship Lady Hayes, with 3,500 chests tea.

"DUPLICITY", The Sydney Monitor (19 December 1838), 2

Samuel Dunn, one of the Lascars per Lady Hayes, who chose to stop here instead of proceeding home with his countrymen, accosted a gentleman in the street the other day, with the most piteous tale of distress, weeping as he told it, and declaring that to relieve himself from the burthen of life, he contemplated putting an end to his existence. He said he was destitute and friendless, in a strange country, and unable to procure a subsistence, being a musician, and unable to work or find employment of any kind. The party addressed took him to a gentleman of a charitable character, who volunteered to pay five shillings weekly for a lodging for him, and ordered a jacket, trousers, and shirt to be supplied, on condition that he was not an impostor. The person commissioned accordingly made enquiries the following morning, when the object of charity made his appearance at the Police Office, accused of assisting a mob in fighting two dogs in the streets the previous night, with being intoxicated, and with refusing to go away when ordered by the constable.

DURAND, Rosalie (Rosalie DURANG [sic]; Rosalie DURAND; Mrs. Frederick LYSTER)

Soprano vocalist (Lyster's opera company)

Born New York, USA, c. 1829 / 1833
Married Frederick LYSTER, ? USA, ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco, 8 January)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1866, "aged 33" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Rosalie Durand, c. 1860

Rosalie Durand, c. 1860 (DIGITISED)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (2 March 1861), 4 

ARRIVED - MARCH, 1 . . . Achilles, ship, 553 tons, Henry T. Hart, from San Francisco 8th January. Passengers - cabin : Madame Lucy Escott, Miss Rosalie Durand, Miss Georgia Hodson, Mrs. Ada King, Messrs. A. Reiff, H. Squires, F. Trevor, W. S. Lyster, F. Lyster, W. Lloyd, D. Fries Hagelsea. Holmes, White, and Co., agents.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (8 April 1861), 5 

. . . Miss Rosalie Durand made her first appearance in the colonies on Saturday evening last, at the Theatre Royal, as Zerlina, in Auber's opera of "Fra Diavolo." Her rendering of the character in a large measure justified the applause which welcomed her debut, and will suffice to place her in the position of a decided favorite. The upper notes of her voice are particularly clear and musical, and in the concerted pieces were heard to remarkable advantage. Her vocalisation of the well-known air, "On yonder rock reclining," was scarcely so good as we had anticipated. The expression she imparted to it was not characterised by entire consistency. Herein we think consists Miss Durand's least welcome idiosyncrasy. She is a finished actress and delightfully vivacious, but she some times introduces too great an amount of elaboration. In all but burlesque acting, nature is the safest guide and its monitions should always be the most acceptable. If Miss Durand will observe that precept she will embody all the requisite accomplishments to render her one of the most charming actresses we have witnessed on the colonial stage . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1866), 1 

On the 9th instant, at 209, Macquarie-street, ROSALIE, wife of FREDERICK LYSTER, Esq., aged 33 years.

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MDLLE. ROSALIE DURAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1861), 4 

On Saturday afternoon a painful sensation was caused throughout the city by the currency of a rumour that Mrs. F. Lyster, better known by her professional name of Mdlle. Rosalie Durand, had died suddenly; on making enquiries the report proved to be but too true. Mr. Lyster left her in apparently perfect health at his residence, Macquarie-street, in the morning and proceeded to rehearsal. On his return home, shortly after 12 o'clock, he found her lying on her bed apparently lifeless. Dr. Woodcock was at once in attendance, but found that the vital spark had fled. A coroner's inquest was held on Saturday evening, when a verdict of "Died of disease of the heart" was returned. The funeral, which took place at 10 o'clock yesterday morning, was very largely attended. The burial was conducted in accordance with the rites of the Roman Catholic Church. The Rev. J. Dwyer officiated. The deceased lady was a native of the United States, of French parentage, and made her first appearance on the operatic stage in Baltimore in 1851. Possessed of a very sweet voice and fine personal appearance, she speedily became the great favourite throughout the principal cities of the Eastern States, which she visited as prima donna of the Lyster Opera Company. She afterwards accompanied the troupe to California and from thence sailed for Australia. She arrived in Melbourne in 1861, and from that time until her decease was one of the most prominent members of the company.

THE OPERA -There was no performance on Saturday evening, in consequence of Mdlle. Durand's death . . .

"IN MEMORIAM ROSALIE DURAND", Bell's Life in Sydney (15 December 1866), 3

"THE LATE MDLLE. ROSALIE DURAND", Illustrated Sydney News (15 December 1866), 1 (portrait), 3 (obituary) 

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1866), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 8-202, passim

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Opera-Opera/Pellinor, 1999), 119-143, passim, 231, 250, 251

DURANT, Henri B. W. (Henri DURANT; H. B. W. DURANT; ? Henry; ? psued.)

Professor of the cornet-à-piston and clarionet

? Born c. 1811 (age "42" in 1853 VIC shipping record)
Active Sydney, and Maitland, NSW, and Melbourne, VIC, April-September 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

John Winterbottom (left) with his leading instrumentalists, Edward Tucker (first violin), Henri Durant (cornet) and Frederick Sloper Evans (trumpet);

Conductor John Winterbottom (left) with his leading instrumentalists, Edward Tucker (first violin), Henri Durant (cornet) and Frederick Evans Sloper (trumpet); detail from cover illustration of Winterbottom's presentation polka (May 1853), engraved by W. G. Mason, from a sketch by F. C. Terry (DIGITISED)


Mr. H. B. W. Durant first advertised as a teacher of cornet and clarinet in Sydney in April 1853, and was also advertised to appear in concert with John Winterbottom's band that month. His solo in The duke of Cambridge galop (a work variously attributed to "Ernest" or "Ernesto") proved popular and was programmed nightly, and Henry Marsh published a sheet edition in April "as performed by Mr. Durant with Immense Success".

Durant took his benefit on 17 May, and later travelled with the band to Maitland and Melbourne. He was variously billed as "Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Royal Italian Opera, and her Majesty's private band", and "Principal Cornet-a-Piston" of Louis Jullien's Band.

He returned to Sydney in mid September 1853, and, only five months after first arriving, disappeared completely from record.

There is a lively possibility that he and Henri De Grey were one and the same.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1853), 1

MUSIC. - Mr. H. B. W. Durant, Professor of the Cornet-à-Piston and Clarionet, wishes to inform amateurs and others that he has commenced giving lessons on the above instruments. Burnbank Hotel, Balmain.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERTS a la JULLIEN, open for the first time on MONDAY next, April 25, for one month only,
SOLO INSTRUMENTALISTS. Pianoforte - Mr. Henry Marsh; Bassoon - M. Winterbottom
Violin - M. Tucker; Contra Basso - Herr Ellyer
Flute - Richardson; Saxhorn - M. Stople Evans
CORNET-A-PISTON - M. Henri Durant.
CONDUCTOR - M. Winterbottom . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (25 April 1853), 3

PART I . . . Valse - "Prima Donna," - Jullien - CORNET-A-PlSTON OBLIGATO, Performed by M. Henri Durant . . .
Galop - "Duke of Cambridge" - Ernesto - SOLO, CORNET-A-PISTON, - M. Henri Durant . . .
PART II . . . New lrish Quadrille, "The Hibernians," Jullien - Composed expressly in honour of Her Majesty's visit to Ireland, with variations for Flute, M. Richardson, Cornet-a-Piston, M. H. Durant, and Sax Horn, M. Sloper Evans . . .
Valse - "D'Amour," - Koenig - With Duet for Cornet-a-Piston, M. H. Durant, and Sax Horn, M. Evans Sloper . . .
Polka - Drum - Jullien - As performed at Winterbottom's Promenade Concerts, Melbourne, for 100 Nights - Cornet Obligato, M. H. Durant - The Drummers of the 11th Regiment under the direction of the Drum Major . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERTS A LA JULLIEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1853), 3

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", Empire (28 April 1853), 2

. . . The great support of the orchestra was the cornet-a-piston, played by M. Henri Durant. This gentleman's tone is very pure, and he executes rapid-passages with great precision and spirit. He was very much applauded in his solo performance . . . The animating strains of the Drum Polka formed a lively, and rather obstreperous conclusion to a very good Concert.

[Advertisement], Empire (29 April 1853), 1 

THIS EVENING (Friday), April 29th, 1853 . . .
Solo Cornet-a-Piston - "Exile's Lament" - Koenig - M. Henri Durant, first time . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERTS A LA JULLIEN", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (30 April 1853), 3 

. . . Mr. H. Durant is an exquisite cornet-a-piston player . . .

PROMENADE CONCERTS A LA JULLIEN", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (30 April 1853), 3 

The admirable performances of this talented corps have been the means of deservedly attracting large and fashionable audiences during the past week, and we congratulate the music-loving public upon this accession to their intellectual enjoyment. The playing of Mr. H. Durant upon the cornet-a-piston is accounted first-rate by the most competent judges . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1853), 1

IMMENSE SUCCESS. CAMBRIDGE GALOP EVERY EVENING (Solo, Cornet-a-Piston, M. Henri Durant.) Nightly encored . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (7 May 1853), 3 

. . . Among the leading attractions of these concerts are the solo performances of Messrs. Winterbottom, Durant, and others. The former has so completely, and with so much skill identified himself with his instrument that it sometimes seems a moot point to determine whether Winterbottom is a mere living expansion of his Fagotto (the Italian name for his instrument), or whether the Bassoon itself is anything but an offshoot or tendril of Winterbottom . . . Of Mr. Durant we must content ourself with remarking that he requires but little more practice to place him in the same rank of professional eminence with his distinguished brother musician in England Herr Koenig . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (16 May 1853), 1 

Quadrille (first time), "Montmorency," Bossisio. With Solos for Cornet-a-Piston, M. H. Durant - Flute, M. Williams, nightly encored at Winterbottom's Promenade Concerts, Melbourne . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1853), 2

M. HENRI DURANT'S (principal cornet-a-piston) BENEFIT, THIS EVENING, Tuesday, May 17.
Vocalist : Mr. John Gregg, the celebrated bass singer, from Theatre Royal, Drury-lane, will make his last appearance but four.
Overture - Fra Diavolo - Auber
Valse - Prima Donna (solo obligato M. Henri Durant) - Jullien
Ballad - As I view those scenes so charming (Mr. John Gregg) - Bellini
Quadrille - Jetty Treffz (solo cornet-a-piston, M. H. Durant; flute, M. Williams) - Jullien
Solo, Cornet-a-Piston - Come e gentil (celebrated serenade from Don Pasquale, with the original vocal chorus) - Donizetti
Song - Simon the Cellarer (Mr. John Gregg) - Hatton
New Irish Quadrille - The Hibernian, composed expressly in honour of her Majesty's visit to Ireland; with variations for flute, M. Williams; cornet-a-piston. M. H. Durant; and Sax horn, M. Evans Sloper) - Jullien
Overture - Tancredi - Rossini
Ballad - In this old chair (opera, Maid of Honour) (Mr. John Gregg) - Balfe
Valse - Dew Drop - D'Albert
Song - The Blacksmith (Mr. John Gregg, composed expressly for him) - Cherry.
Polka - Old English - Tucker
Solo, Bassoon - Fra poco a me, from the opera Lucia de Lammermoor - M. Winterbottom
Galop - Duke of Cambridge (by desire) Ernesto; (solo, Cornet a Piston, M. H. Durant.)
Conductor - Mr. Winterbottom . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1853), 3 

A full and fashionable audience greeted Mr. Winterbottom last night, on the occasion of his benefit. The great feature of the evening was Haydn's Symphony "The Surprise," which was enthusiastically encored . . . Messrs. Durant, Sloper Evans, and Tucker, repeated the performances, which have elicited so much applause during the very short season which we are sorry to learn Mr. Winterbottom's arrangements will only allow his visit to Sydney to include . . .

"WINTERBOTTOM'S MONSTER CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (28 May 1853), 2 

. . . The solos of Messrs. Winterbottom, Tucker, Durant and Evans, were severally honored with a second call, as was also the beautiful Song of "Madeline "by Mr. John Gregg . . . Between the first and second parts a New Polka, composed by Mr. Winterbottom [sic], and illustrated by an engraving representing the Band, from the magic pencil of Mr. Terry, engraved by Mr. W. G. Mason, was presented to each lady occupying a reserved seat . . .

"LOSS OF THE MONUMENTAL CITY STEAMER", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1853), 2 

Mr. Winterbottom and his talented company have signified their intention of devoting the proceeds of a concert, to be given by them on Saturday evening, to the assistance of the survivors and the relatives of those who perished on the fatal occasion of the wreck of the Monumental City . . . The programme includes a list of most attractive performances, the instrumental soli being by Mr. Winterbottom, Mr. Durant, Mr. Evans Sloper, Mr. Tucker, and Mr. Coleman Jacobs.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (4 June 1853), 3 

Grand Promenade Concert. COURT HOUSE, NEWCASTLE,
Solo Instrumentalists: M. WINTERBOTTOM, Principal Bassoon at her Majesty's Theatre.
MR. EDWARD TUCKER, Principal Violin, Royal Italian Opera.
M. HENRI DURANT, Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Jullien's Band.
M. JOHN GREGG, Principal Bass Singer, from Theatre Royal, Drury Lane . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (8 June 1853), 3 

M. HENRI DURANT, Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Jullien's Band . . .

[Multiple advertisements], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1853), 3

M. HENRI DURANT, Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Royal Italian Opera, and her Majesty's private band . . .
Solo (Cornet-a-Piston M. HENRI DURANT) - Bay of Biscay - Durant . . .

"WINTERBOTTOM'S PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 June 1853), 2 

"EPITOME OF HUNTER RIVER DISTRICT NEWS (From our Correspondent). CONCERT", Empire (13 June 1853), 3 

Mr. Winterbottom's band gave a concert at the Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland, on Wednesday last . . . Henri Durant delighted the audience with the tromp, whose tones are balf-silvery and half brazen; and did as much with that difficult instrument as could be expected. He was loudly applauded and rapturously encored . . .

"MR. EVANS SLOPER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1853), 2 

. . . Prominent among the morceaux given last evening was the duetto "Deh Conte," from Bellini's Norma, rendered on the saxhorn and cornet-a-piston by Mr. Sloper and Mr. Durant . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1853), 1 

Part I . . . Solo, Cornet-a-Piston, "The Standard Bearer," Mr. Henri Durant . . .
Part II . . . Duet, Sax Horn and Cornet-a-Piston, "What are the Wild Waves Saying," Mr. E. Sloper and Mr. H. Durant . . .

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2 

June [sic, July] 2. - New Orleans, steamer, 300 tons, Captain Wilson, for Melbourne. Passengers . . . Messers. E. B. McKee, T. S. Hall. Mr. Freshney, E. Tucker, Mr. Winterbottom, Messrs. Gregg, Durant, H. Elwood, B. Ellemere, H. Edwards, J. Beattie, and 27 in the steerage.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1853), 8

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (1 September 1853), 4

August 31. - Vanquish, schooner, 126 tons, Scott, for Sydney. Passengers - cabin . . . H. Durant . . .

"ARRIVALS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (19 September 1853), 278 

September 13. - Vanquish, schooner, 126 tons, Captain Scott, from Melbourne 9th instant. Passengers - . . . Messrs. White, Durant . . .


Bandsman (Band of the 50th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1868 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 50th Regiment (second tour)


"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1868), 2

Thomas Rushworth, 37, labourer, was brought up by senior constable Dalton (who is attached to the guard of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh). He stated that yesterday, on board H.M.S. Galatea, he apprehended prisoner on a charge of personating one of the privates of H.M. 50th Regiment . . . Corporal Mather of the 50th Regiment deposed that prisoner did not belong to the Regiment, but that he now wore the uniform which belonged to a bandsman. B. F. Durranto, the bandsman, identified the uniform as his, and stated that whilst he and prisoner were in a public-house together drinking, he allowed prisoner to put on his uniform. Prisoner left him down by the Parramatta steamer. Prisoner was discharged.

DUST, James (James DUST)

Late bandmaster (Band of the 46th Regiment)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 20 September 1847 (per Thomas Lord, from New Zealand, 4 September)


James Dust, 46th regiment of foot, married Agnes Bradford or Radford in Ireland about 1835; a daughter, Elizabeth, was born in Dublin in or before 1840 (she married in Sydney, 1861). Another daughter Emma was born in or around 1841 (she married William Ransome Gullick of Waverly, on 4 September 1866, and died in 1891).

The family sailed from Plymouth per Blenheim arriving in New Plymouth, NZ, in 1842. A son, Edwin, was born there (he died in 1885).

The 46th Regiment had served in NSW 1814-17, when the bandmaster was Robert McIntosh, well before Dust's time. Dust had left the regiment in 1840, in Gibraltar, and he and his family moved first to Devon, England, in 1841.

Agness Bradford or Dust, widow, married Edward Gearey, in Sydney, on 5 July 1848; she died in 1882.

On the much earlier Australian deployment see Band of the 46th Regiment


[Wellington Jurors 1847], The New Zealand and Cook's Straits Guardian (?)

. . . Dust, James, Lambton quay, storekeeper . . .

Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:424396; MB2/39/1/9 P323 

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF HOBART TOWN", Colonial Times (24 September 1847), 3

September 20. - Arrived the schooner Thomas Lord, Furley, master, from New Zealand 4th inst., with oil. Passengers - Mr. Lewis, Mr. Harris, Mr. Sackho (a native), and James Dust.

"MARRIAGES", Empire (12 September 1861), 1

HENNERY - DUST - On the 24th August, by special license, at St. Mary's Cathedral, by the Rev. Father McGirr, Mr. John Hennery, to Elizabeth Dust, daughter of James Dust, Esq., bandmaster of the 46th Regiment.

? "INQUEST AT CASTERTON", Hamilton Spectator (1 September 1875), 3 

An Inquest was held at Casterton on Monday, before Mr. Sprigg, coroner, and a jury of 13, on the body of a man aged 74 years, named James Dust, who had been for the last four months employed as knock-about at McLean's Travellers' Rest Hotel . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (4 April 1885), 1

JAMES DUST, Band Master 46th Regiment, died in Hobart in about 1848. Persons knowing anything of above are requested to communicate with Mr. JOHN WILLIAMSON, Solicitor, Williamson's Chambers, 163, King Street, Sydney. Expenses paid.

"New Zealand Company's Land Claims", The New Zealand Gazette (25 October 1883), 1359

. . . 1584 / 1831 / James Dust / New Plymouth 632 / Jan. 1, 1847 . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"James Dust", rootschat forum 

DUTERRAU, Jane Sarah (Jane Sarah DUTERRAU; Mrs. John BOGLE)

Musician, music teacher, governess

Born London, England, 1812; daughter of Benjamin DUTERRAU (1768-1851) and Elizabeth PERIGAL (1782-1812)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 17 August 1832 (free per Laing)
Married John BOGLE, VDL (TAS), February 1838
Departed VDL (TAS), 1839 (for Glasgow)
Died Torquay, Devon, England, 11 October 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Jane Sarah Duterrau (incorrectly Sarah in ADB; Sarah Jane, in DAAO) was the only daughter of the artist Benjamin Duterrau (1767-1851). A London agent for Ellinthorp Hall, Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark's Tasmanian private girls school, offered Benjamin and Jane positions there teaching drawing, music and French. But although these positions were duly filled by Henry Mundy, the Duterraus had sailed for Tasmania nevertheless.

Jane probably never taught music publicly in Hobart, since in October 1832 she was appointed governess to the children of Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur. She married a merchant, John Bogle, in February 1838 and returned to Britain the following year.


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Martin in the fields . . . in the year 1813; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 24 / [1813 January] 9th / Jane Sarah / [daughter of Benjamin & Elizabeth / Duterrau / 9 Buckingham Street / Insurance Broker . . .

"MARRIED", The Hobart Town Courier (9 February 1838), 2

On Thursday the 6th inst. by the Rev. Mr. Lillie, John Bogle, esq. to Jane Sarah, only daughter of Benjamin Duterrau, esq. Campbell street.

"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (27 October 1840), 7

"BIRTHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 September 1850), 604

"AN HISTORICAL PAINTING. Work of Benjamin Duterau", The Mercury (18 July 1928), 10

. . . He was descended from a French Huguenot family who had taken refuge in England. His art education was acquired In London where he was born in 1767, he learned the art of steel engraving, and practised it as a business there, but attracted by accounts of the Swan River Colony (W.A.), he left London with the intention of settling in the colony, and arrived there in 1832. At that, time glowing accounts of Van Diemen's Land were in circulation, and Mr. Duterrau changed his purpose and came on to Hobart Town, accompanied by his daughter and sister-in-law. They resided in the old white house at the corner of Campbell and Patrick Streets, and there Mr. Duterrau practised portrait painting. He won reputation, and the Governor (Colonel Arthur) took a keen interest in his work. Miss Duterrau became a governess to the vice-regal family, and no doubt the Governor induced her father to undertake the portrayal of the aboriginals and encouraged and aided him in his work. He frequently visited the studio. As the aboriginals were brought in by Robinson, and were camped in the yard of his house at the corner of Elizabeth and Warwick Streets, Duterrau was given good material on which to work the results of which are to be seen in the numerous paintings, copper-plate engravings, and plaster casts now in possession of the Museum. A few years before his death he removed to a house in Bathurst Street, next to the old King Hall, and died there, in 1851, at the age of 84 years. His daughter married Mr. Bogle, of the firm of Kerr and Bogle merchants, of Hobart, and they afterwards returned to England, and settled there. Most of Duterrau's best works were sent, by request of Mrs. Bogle, to England after her father's death.

Bibliography and resources:

A. Rand, "Duterrau, Benjamin (1767-1851)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"Benjamin Duterrau", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83);dn=81114276306;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL)

"Benjamin Duterrau", Wikipedia 

DUTTON, Francis Stacker (Francis Stacker DUTTON; F. S. DUTTON)

Amateur pianist, vocalist, concert organiser (Melbourne Amateur Concert), composition prize judge (Gawler music prize), politician, premier of SA

Born Cuxhaven, Germany, 21 February 1818; son of Frederick Hugh Hampden DUTTON (1769-1847) and Maryann NORRIS (1779-1851)
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1840
Married Caroline MacDERMOTT (1831-1855), Adelaide, SA, 7 November 1849
Died London, England, 25 January 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


For the Gawler Institute, on 4 November 1859, Dutton was a member of the judging committee of four (the others Holden, Ewing, and Chinner) that awarded the first prize for musical setting of The song of Australia  to Carl Linger.

At a concert in June 1850, Frederick Ellard's Sudaustralischer Galop was "Compose et dedie a M. Francois Dutton".

Also included in the documentation is a notice of an 1834 transfer of a un-named convict "violin player" to Francis's brother William Hampden Dutton, of Kirkham, NSW.


"LIST OF TRANSFERS of Male Convicts, made in the Month of January last", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 April 1834), 3s

Dutton, W. H. [of] Kirkham, violin player, [transferred from] G. M. Slade"

[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (14 November 1840), 2

Amateur Concert
In aid of the Funds of the Episcopalian Church.

AT a Meeting held at the Adelphi Hotel, on Friday the 13th Instant, Francis Dutton, Esq., in the chair.
It was unanimously resolved - "That a Concert for the above purpose should take place as soon as the necessary arrangements can be made.
Resolved - "That the following gentlemen, namely Messrs. Dutton, Sandford, Darke, Pullar, and Smith, be a Committee appointed for carrying out the arrangements, will full power to add to their number.
Resolved - "That an advertisement, signed by the Chairman of the present meeting be inserted in the public Journals, requesting parties desirous of contributing their assistance to announce their intention to the Chairman of the Meeting without delay, stating what instrument or part in the performance they are capable of taking, or who can furnish a loan of Music to the Committee for the occasion.
Resolved - "That a deputation consisting of Messrs. Smith; Cavenagh, and Darke, be requested to wait upon the Rev. Mr. Forbes to ask the loan of the Presbyterian School-room, for holding the amateur Concert in aid of the funds of the Episcopalian Church.
Resolved - "That the same deputation be requested to wait upon his Honor the Superintendent and Mrs. La Trobe soliciting the favour of their patronage.
Resolved - "That this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday next, at the same hour and place." FRANCIS H. DUTTON. Chairman.

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

The Amateur Concert, for the benefit of the Adelaide Infant School (not the Trinity Church Sunday School as erroneously stated in our last), took place on Tuesday evening. The room was crowded by a highly respectable assembly, and the whole concert "went off" most creditably for a first attempt. The overtures to Zampa and Fra Diavolo, in particular, were played with much spirit. Some disappointment, as well as considerable disadvantage to the vocal harmony, accrued from the desertion of the ladies who had promised their valuable assistance on the occasion. Notwithstanding their defection, however, the fine glees "Hark the Lark," "Bragela," and "Here in cool grot," were sung with great sweetness. Dr. Kent and Dr. Knott were both most successful in their solos, and applauded to the "very echo." Among the amateurs, to whom the orchestral effect was principally owing, we may mention Mr. F. S. Dutton, who presided at the piano forte, Mr. Newland, Mr. McGill (96th Regt.), Mr. Wyatt, Dr. Kent, and Mr. Barnard. Messrs. Bennett, Poole, and Ewens also contributed their valuable assistance on the occasion; Mr. Charles Campbell good-naturedly complied with a request made to him in the room, and sung an Irish song in a style which reminded us of poor Jack Johnstone. The whole concert, in short, spoke highly of the musical talent of Adelaide, and is calculated, we hope, to lead to many similar agreeable entertainments. The proceeds to the benefit of the Infants' Schools amounted, we believe, to about twenty-five pounds.

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (20 December 1848), 2

The fifth Conversazione of the South Australian Library and Mechanics' Institute was held on Tuesday evening, in the store lately occupied by Messrs. Elder & Co., in Hindley-street . . . During the evening, a number of duetts were beautifully performed on the pianoforte, by Mrs. Murray and Mr. Francis Dutton. Mrs. Murray also sang several pieces, with her usual good taste. A few gentlemen of the Choral Society gave some glees, which further tended to enliven the proceedings. The room was tastefully decorated with pictures . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgiana Murray (pianist, vocalist)

"MECHANICS INSTITUTE", South Australian (2 November 1849), 2

The fourth quarterly Conversazione of the South Australian Library and Mechanics* Institute was held on Wednesday evening last, in the Exchange. His Excellency the Governor, accompanied by Lady Young, and the Hon. Captain Sturt, honoured the Institute with their presence, and the attendance, considering the rough state of the weather, was extremely good. The entertainments of the evening were commenced by an able and interesting lecture on Geology, by Thomas Burr, Esq., which was followed by the usual musical treat, in which Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Jupp, Mr. Francis Dutton, and Mr. Wallace, took part. The gem of the evening was "Kathleen Mavourneen," which was beautifully executed by Mrs. Jupp, and repeated amidst thunders of applause. Altogether the evening passed off very pleasantly, and the company separated shortly after 10 o'clock, apparently much pleased with the amusements provided for them.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry and Augusta Young (governor and wife); Charles Sturt (colonial secretary); Catherine Jupp (vocalist); Spencer Wellington Wallace (violinist, flautist)

Programme for the concert of sacred music to be held at the Freeman Street Chapel, on Wednesday, 6th September, 1854, in aid of the War Relief Fund; pianists, Mrs. Young, and F. S. Dutton, Esq., M.L.C.; Conductor, Mr. J. W. Daniel ([Adelaide: For the Chapel, 1854]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Rebecca Cash Young (pianist); Josiah Wyke Daniel (tenor vocalist, conductor)

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE INDIAN RELIEF FUND", South Australian Register (11 June 1858), 3 

. . . An interval of 10 minutes . . . having expired, the Hon. F. S. Dutton and Mr. A. Ewing, played a duet from the "Huguenots" on the pianoforte. Their execution was perfect, the latter named gentleman proving himself to be a master of the instrument to an extent seldom looked for and rarely met with in an amateur. On being encored, the overture to "Zampa" was substituted and played brilliantly . . .

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (31 July 1858), 5 

The concert and lecture, which were held at White's Assembly Room on Wednesday evening, under the auspices of the Governors of the South Australian Institute, formed perhaps the meet successful of the many charming reunions with which those gentlemen have enlivened the ordinary dulness of life in Adelaide . . . The musical portion of the entertainment was divided into two parts, the lecture intervening. The two gentlemen amateurs announced to perform the duo-piano - the Overture to "Massaniello" - were the Hon. F. S. Dutton, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Mr. Ewing. They were quite competent to do justice to Auber's brilliant music, and their accomplished instrumentation elicited not only an enthusiastic round of applause, but an earnest encore, which was kindly responded to by those gentlemen giving with, if possible, still greater spirit the Overture to "Oberon" by C. M. von Weber. The same gentlemen gave, as a duet on the piano, Schulhoff's Victoria Waltz, and each took pianoforte part in duets, with Mr. R. B. White ou the violin. While Mr. White drew repeated plaudits for his masterly execution on the violin in an arrangement of the airs from "La Sonnambula" and variations of "Auld Lang Syne," Messrs. Dutton and Ewing were equally and as deservedly applauded for their exquisite performance in the same pieces on the piano. The whole brunt of the vocal music fell on Mr. J. R. Black, and, notwithstanding a perceptible cold, he acquitted himself with his usual ability . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alexander Ewing (pianist); Richard Baxter White (violinist); John Reddie Black (vocalist)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 October 1859), 1

A PRIZE of TEN GUINEAS, for Original MUSIC to "The Song or Australia," will be offered by the Gawler Institute, immediately after the judges shall have awarded the prize for the Words, when other particulars will be advertised.
JUDGES FOR THE MUSIC: G. W. Chinner, Esq.; A. Ewing, Esq., C.S.;
F. S. Dutton, Esq., M.P.; W. Holden, Esq.
GEORGE ISAACS, Sec. Entertainment Committee.

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2

The Judges who had undertaken to decide upon the music set to the "Song of Australia" met yesterday, and, after due examination, agreed to the following report: -

"The Judges appointed to award the prize for the best musical composition set to the words of the prize song, entitled 'The Song of Australia,' met on Friday, the 4th November - present, Messrs. Dutton, Ewing, Chinner, and Holden. Twenty-three compositions were examined, and the prize was unanimously awarded to the composition bearing the motto 'One of the Quantity.' Those bearing the mottoes 'Long Live our Gracious Queen,' 'Garibaldi,' and 'Con Amore' so nearly equalled the prize composition in merit that the Judges had great difficulty in coming to a decision.
"Francis S. Dutton.
"A. Ewing.
"Geo. W. Chinner.
"Wm. Holden."

Immediately upon receiving this report we telegraphed to the Secretary of the Gawler Institute to ascertain the name of the successful competitor, and we find from his reply that the composer who has thus distinguished himself is Mr. Carl Linger.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chinner (judge); William Holden (judge); Carl Linger (winner); Cesare Cutolo (runner up)

"MR. FRANCIS S. DUTTON", The Argus (30 January 1877), 6

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6

. . . Then on June 10 [1858] old musical friends came to the fore, and gave a concert in White's Rooms in aid of the same [Indian Mutiny Relief] fund, when Mr. F. S. Dutton, who formulated the ninth Government of the colony, and was afterwards the first Agent-General, took part in playing a duet on the pianoforte from "Les Huguenots" with Mr. A. Newing [Ewing], of the Commissariat Staff Department, the other performers being Madame Carandini and Signori Grossi and Laglaise . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Maria Carandini (vocalist); Enrico Grossi (vocalist); Jean-Baptiste Laglaise (vocalist)

Bibliography and resources:

Francis Dutton, South Australia and its mines, with an historical sketch of the colony (London: T. and W. Boone, 1846), 144

. . . Amateur concerts are also of frequent occurrence, many being given for charitable purposes, at which the first ladies in the colony do not consider it beneath their dignity to assist . . .

Geoffrey Dutton, "Dutton, Francis Stacker", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)



Active Adelaide, SA, 1869 (shareable link to this entry)


"CHRISTCHURCH ORGAN", Evening Journal (1 March 1869), 3 

A great improvement has just been made to this instrument by the addition of a swell organ, with a separate manual, and all the necessary appliances connected therewith. There are four stops, consisting of the dulciana, flute (eight-tone), principal, and fifteenth. The whole has been manufactured by Mr. Lohrmann, cabinetmaker, of North Adelaide. Through the courtesy of Mr. H. Dutton, the organist, we had an opportunity of inspecting the improvements on Saturday. The mechanism appears to be very excellent, and the tone remarkably good; superior, indeed, to that of the great organ, though of course not equal to it in power. Mr. Lohrmann is no novice at this sort of work, but has applied his constructive skill in the same direction frequently before, and has now in his possession two or three chamber organs of his own manufacture.

ASSOCIATIONS: Simon Charles Lohrmann (organ builder)

DUVAL, Madame (Madame DUVAL)


Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, Thursday next, 4th August.
Winterbottom's Second Grand Concert.
Vocalists: Madam Duval, from Theatre Royal, Dublin, Her first appearance.
Mr. John Gregg . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1853), 8 

Madame Duval, from the Theatre Royal, Dublin (her first appearance) . . .
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . Song - Madame Duval . . .
Part II . . . Song - Madame Duval . . .

"THURSDAY CONCERT", The Argus (4 August 1853), 5 

These concerts seem to have changed management again, Mr. Winterbottom coming out to-night with his "unrivalled band," and introducing to us another substitute for Mrs. Testar in the person of Madam Duval, a late arrival from Dublin . . .

"CONCERTS", The Argus (5 August 1853), 5 

Mr. Winterbottom was prevented by illness from being present at his concert last evening. An additional damp was thrown over the entertainment, we are sorry to say, by another rather meagre attendance; it is evident that vigorous exertions must be made, or these concerts will be apt to dwindle away altogether. The first appearance of Madame Duval may be considered successful, if an encore to each of her songs be a sign of approbation. As far as that lady, however, is concerned, Queen Testar has no reason to tremble for her throne . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1853), 12 

ROWE'S CIRCUS - Tonight, Aug. 6. Grand Irish Festival . . .
First appearance at these Concerts of Mr. Dawson, the celebrated Buffo singer.
First appearance of Madame Duval, from the Theatre Royal, Dublin.
Mr. John Gregg will have the honor of singing Mourn for the mighty dead.
M. Winterbottom will have the honour of performing two Solos.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Irish Ballad - Madame Duval - A. Lee
PART II . . . Ballad - Madame Duval - Lee . . .


Dancers and musicians (shareable link to this entry)


Operatic and Acrobatic Danseuse

Died 12 June 1912


Operatic and Acrobatic Danseuse

Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 16 May 1904



Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 4 June 1912, aged 67



Active by 1891


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 January 1890), 3

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (4 February 1890), 3

[News], The Argus (2 January 1891), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1904), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1912), 18

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1912), 17

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1913), 8

See also Harry Duvalli (Cartwright):

"Deaths", The Argus (23 February 1884), 1

Related works:

The rose of England (a society skirt dance as danced by Mdlle. Rosalie Coutts Duvalli; composed by Dr. J. Summers) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co. [1893])


Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, dancer, clown

? Born (if James DYBALL), England, 2 February 1802; baptised St. Dunstan's, Stepney, 15 June 1806, son of Richard and Sarah DYBALL
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, by 3 January 1833
Departed Sydney, NSW, 8 March 1838 (per Portland, for Liverpool, England)
Arrived Sydney (2), NSW, by March 1841
Active Adelaide, SA, until 1847
? Died (if James DYBALL), Melbourne, VIC, July 1874, aged "69" (born UK, c. 1805; son of Richard DYBALL and Sarah LAGON) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


An actor in Sydney Theatre from 1833 and into the early to 1840s, Dyball was often also billed as a singer, especially of comic songs. He left Sydney for Adelaide in January 1844, and in 1846 was "acting manager" in the theatre there.

In a single report (21 January 1836) he is identified as Thomas Dyball.

The identification with James Dyball (born England, 1802; died Melbourne, VIC, 1874) is perhaps most likely, but not certain.


1806, christenings in St. Dunstan's, Stepney; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

[June] 15 / James, son of Rich'd Dyball of M.E.O.T. (?) Sawyer and Sarah Born 2nd Feb'y 1802 [sic]
[June] 15 / Catherine, dau'r of Rich'd Dyball of M.E.O.T. (?) Sawyer and Sarah Born 27 Feb'y 1806

"SYDNEY THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (3 January 1833), 3

. . . On Monday evening at the usual hour the Theatre was again opened to the public with the Melo Drama of Black-eyed Susan, the only alteration in the cast of character was that of Jacob Twig, which was performed with admirable success by Mr. Dyball . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 July 1833), 3

. . . A new Comic Song, by Mr. DYBALL . . .

"Theatricals", The Australian (13 May 1834), 2 

. . . Between the pieces Mr. Dyball sang a comic song quite to the taste of three-fourths of the audience . . .

"THEATRE. To the Editors of . . .", The Sydney Herald (12 June 1834), 2 

GENTLEMEN, - We, the undersigned, observe with regret in the Gazette News-paper of this morning, one of the numerous instances in which those who write Theatrical Critiques, must evidently endeavour to prejudice the public mind against the Theatre, and those who use their utmost endeavours to amuse and entertain the Public . . .
We are, gentlemen, Your obedient servants,
Performers at the Sydney Theatre. June 10, 1834.

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 January 1836), 3 

William Daniel was indicted for falsely fabricating an order purporting to be from Mrs. Laidley of Darlinghurst, for a ticket of admission to the upper circle of the boxes of the Sydney Theatre in the month ot October last, with intent to defraud William Knight, and Thomas Dyball, two persons connected with the Theatrical Establishment, who took a joint Benefit on that occasion . . .

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 September 1836), 2 

. . . The song by Mr. Dyball had better have been omitted, this gentleman has no vocal talent what ever, neither is his style calculated to please a respectable audience . . .

MUSIC: The quarter day (tune: The devil and little Mike)

"The Theatre", The Australian (21 March 1837), 2 

. . . Mr. Dyball sung that sublime masterpiece of composition called The Quarter Day; the gods were gratified, and the singer was honored with an encore . . .

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 March 1837), 2

. . . The Amateur who was to have sung "Kitty O'Lynch" disappointed the audience; indisposition was assigned as the reason. Mr. Dyball, however, substituted "Quarter Day" in its place, which was well received . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Times (19 February 1838), 2

. . . A Comic Song by Mr. Dyball, called the Shovel and the Broom; or, the Waltzing Chimney Sweep . . .

"THE THEATRE", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (21 February 1838), 2 

. . . To the farce succeeded, "mention it not in Gath," for the first time, that highly entertaining song of The Shovel and Broom. Just, gentle reader, imagine Mr. Dyball, upon the rise of the curtain, rush in arrayed in the habiliments of a sweep, true to nature, no disguise, all unsophisticated - the song commences, but notwithstanding our utmost endeavours to follow the words of the singer, the last line of each verse only could we catch, viz., the Shovel and Broom; before the last word had died upon the ear, round went Mr. Dyball in the mazes of the waltz, beating time with a regular built shovel and broom. No doubt the song possesses considerable merit, but we in our innocence could discover nothing but vulgarity of the lowest grade; but there must have been merit, for the gods encored and enjoyed the repitition with much gout. By the bye, if this song is again to disgrace the boards, we will just throw out a hint by which it might be improved. From a solo transform it into a duett, a la Polly Hopkins; play the Lady and the Devil first piece, then Mrs. Downes, whose face being ready blackened for the character of Negombo, might chum chum with Mr. Dyball by taking the second, and making one in the die away waltz. But in seriousness, if the theatre is to be filled by such attractions, we shall feel no manner of surprise in seeing so heterogeneous an assemblage that no respectable person will put his foot into the place for fear of contamination. - Verb. sap.

MUSIC: The shovel and broom (tune: Buy a broom)

"THE THEATRE", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (28 February 1838), 2 

On Monday evening, was produced for the first time in this Colony, the melo-drama of "Maurice the Woodcutter" . . . We don't know how it is, but every time we see Mr. Dyball, we conceive that he falls off instead of improving; his "Glandoft" was devoid of animation . . .

? "DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (9 March 1838), 2 

Yesterday, the bark Portland, Conbro master, for Liverpool, with colonial produce - Passengers, Mrs. Bull, Mr. T. Brown, Mr. Dyball . . .

Sydney, NSW, from March 1841:

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (6 March 1841), 2 

. . . We were, moreover, glad to recognise the frontispiece of our old favourite, Dyball. He has just returned from England, and although on this his first re-appearance, he had but little to do, we think the advantages of his trip home were discoverable. We hope he has brought with him some modern favourite as a substitute for the old one - The Devil and Little Mike . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 March 1841), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre . . . THIS EVENING . . .
THE SPITFIRE. Lieut. Grating - Mr. Dyball . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 June 1841), 3 

MESSRS. RILEY and DYBALL beg most respectfully to inform their Friends, patrons, and the public at large, that their
JOINT BENEFIT will take place on MONDAY, June 28, 1841, and have further the pleasure of stating, that they are honoured with permission to announce it under the patronage of the gentlemen, members of the Australian Cricket Club.
Messrs. Riley and Dyball confidently trust that the Entertainments selected for the occasion, will be of a nature to insure the favors of the patrons of the Victoria Theatre, and meet the approbation of those whose intention it may be to honour them with their presence.
The Entertainments will commence with (for the first time at this Theatre) a popular Nautical Drama in three Acts, founded on fact, and called
Richard Parker (a Sailor on board the Sandwich) - Mr. Knowles
JACK ADAMS (Parker's Friend) - MR. RILEY
Mary Parker (Wife of Richard) - Mrs. Knowles
At the conclusion of the Drama, the following Entertainments -
Song - Sailor Boy capering Ashore, Miss Jones.
Irish Jig - Madame Veilburn
Song - If I had a Donkey what wouldn't go, MR. DYBALL, MOUNTED UPON A REAL DONKEY!!
Comic Dance - Mr. Fitzgerald.
Song - The Young Widow, Mrs. Winstanley.
Medley Dance - Miss M. Jones.
Song - Jim Crow, Mr. Lee.
Song, - Come buy my Oranges, Miss Strickland.
Matrimonial Duet - Miss Winstanley and Mr. Riley.
Song - The Devil and little Mike, Mr. Dyball.
Highland Fling - Mr. Fitzgerald.
Song - Cheer up my Lads, Mrs. Knowles.
Song - Buy a Broom, Miss Jones.
A Wet Sheet and a Flowing Sea, Miss Winstanley.
The whole to conclude with the laughable Farce, called
TEDDY MALLOWNEY, the Tiler, (for the first time) - MR. RILEY
Flora - Mrs. Knowles . . .

"THEATRICALS", Sydney Free Press (22 January 1842), 2 

We perceive by an advertisement in another column, that Messrs. Dyball and Fitzgerald will take their benefit at the Victoria on Monday night, and judging from the bill of fare, which is shewn by the advertisement alluded to, we are inclined to anticipate a gratifying evening's entertainment. Mr. Dyball is a very fair performer, and during the present season, has made considerable improvement in the histrionic art, he is therefore well deserving of the encouragement of the public. Respecting Mr. Fitzgerald, we can only say, that he is an excellent dancer, and in that capacity, is a highly useful man to the establishment. Among other novelties we perceive that a new singer, said to be from the London boards, is to make his first appearance in this colony.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (30 June 1841), 3 

Comic Song, The Coronation, by Mr. Dyball . . .

MUSIC: The coronation (tune: "Lunnen is the devil")

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (12 November 1841), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . MR. KNOWLES . . . his BENEFIT . . . Monday, Nov. 15, 1841 . . .
comic dance of three, by Messrs. Lee, Dyball, and Fitzgerald . . .
For, the first time, a new Comic Song, in character, "BIDDY THE BASKET WOMAN," MR. DYBALL . . .

MUSIC: Biddy the basket woman (tune: Nora Creina)

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 August 1842), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . MR. LEE . . . his Benefit . . . MONDAY . . . the 1st of August . . .
To conclude with the operatic burlesque burletta OTHELLO TRAVESTIE. Othello - Mr. Lee.
In the course of the burletta the following PARODIES, &c.,
Duet - The morn, the morn will soon be peeping - Messrs. Simmons and Dyball . . .
Duet - List, list, my plan is working - Messrs. Simmons and Dyball . . .

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The New South Wales Examiner (16 September 1842), 3 

. . . The following members have seceded from the Company - Mr. Joseph Simmons, Mr. Meredith, Mr. Spencer, (who has taken his departure to Launceston, by the William, Captain Thorn,) and Mr. Dyball, whose places will be supplied by the performers by the Trial, which is daily expected from England . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1843), 1 

To conclude with the successful Comic Pantomime, produced by Mr. A. Torning, entitled
Clown - Mr. A. Torning
Pantaloon - Mr. Dyball (Who has kindly volunteered his valuable services on this occasion) . . .

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED AT THE CUSTOMS", The Australian (9 January 1844), 2

JAN. 8, - The brig Dorset, Walsh, master, for Adelaide, with cedar, &c. Passengers . . . Mrs. Wood, and Mr. Dyball.

Adelaide, SA, ? by 1844:

? "Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", Southern Australian (26 January 1844), 2 

JANUARY 23. - The brig Dorset, 31 tons, Captain Walsh, from Sydney. Passengers . . . Mr. Wood, and Mr. Dyball.

? "ODD FELLOWS - VICTORIA LODGE, PORT ADELAIDE", Southern Australian (27 September 1844), 3 

. . . Brother Diball gave "The Officers and Brothers of the Hope Lodge," and expressed himself highly gratified by the manner in which he had been received by the Lodge since his coming to this country from Sydney . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (12 September 1846), 1 

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE, BY special desire, renewal of the "Misletoe Bough," re-appearance of the real donkey . . .
Saturday, September 12th . . . Comic duet by Mr. and Mrs. Deering.
On Monday, September 14th, "The Misletoe Bough; or, Young Lovell's Bride" . . . The Donkey's Trial, by Mr. Dyball.
Stage Manager, Mr. Deering.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 October 1846), 1

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE. LAST NIGHT OF THE SEASON. Under the Patronage of the Tradesmen of Adelaide.
MR. DEERING'S BENEFIT . . . Thursday, October 29, 1846 . . .
Celebrated Dance from "Tom and Jerry." Dusty Bob - Mr. Dyball. African Sarah - Mr. Howard . . .
Acting Manager - Mr. Dyball. Stage Manager - Mr. Deering . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (24 April 1847), 1 

DEERING'S ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE . . . On Monday evening, April 26th, the performances will be under the immediate sanction and special patronage of the Loyal Albion Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows . . .
Song, on a real donkey, by P. G. Dyball . . .
Stage Manager - Mr. Deering.

? Perth, WA, 1851:

"Shipping Intelligence", The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (22 August 1851), 2 

ARRIVED. - On the 19th instant, the brigantine Louisa, Capt. Douglas, from Adelaide. Passengers - . . . Dyball, wife and children . . .

? [Advertisement], Inquirer (27 August 1851), 1 

Memorial to Captain Douglas.
WE, the undersigned, passengers per Louisa, from Adelaide, South Australia, to Fremantle, Swan River, beg to express the grateful sense we entertain of the uniform courtesy shown by you to us . . .

? Melbourne, VIC, by 1863:

? [Advertisement], The Argus (6 October 1863), 8 

ROYAL PRINCESS'S THEATRE . . . TO-NIGHT . . . the Great Historical Drama of THE TOWER OF LONDON . . .
Cranmer - Mr. Dyball . . .

? [Advertisement], The Argus (14 September 1865), 8 

VICAR OF WAKEFIELD . . . Thornhill's Groom - Mr. Dyball . . .

? "Funeral Notices", The Argus (28 July 1874), 8 

THE Friends of the late Mr. JAMES DYBALL, late of the Prince of Wales Opera-house, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral will move from his late residence, 3 Ridgway-street, off Little Collins-street east, THIS DAY, 28th Inst, at 3 o'clock p.m.

Bibliography and resources:

"Dyball", AusStage 

DYER, Benjamin Bissell (Benjamin Bissell DYER; Benjamin DYER; Mr. B. B. DYER; Mr. DYER)

Professor of dancing, flute, and violin

Born England, c. 1793-96
Arrived Fremantle, WA, January 1830 (per Wanstead, from London)
Married Ann Smith REAY (d. 1878), ? NSW, 1834
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by February 1839
Active Hobart and Launceston, VDL (TAS), until 1850
Died Brighton, TAS, 14 November 1875, "in his 80th year" / 82 years (cemetery record) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Dyer sailed from England in 1829 on the Wanstead, and arrived in January 1830 in Fremantle, Western Australia. There, according to John Morgan, who knew him at the time, Dyer served as a tutor to the family of the colonial chaplain, John Burdett Wittenoom.

Late in 1832, Dyer sought and received permission to leave the Swan River colony for Sydney, NSW, where he arrived in February 1833. Almost no documentation remains of his time in Sydney, apart from his being listed among the violinists in the band of the Theatre Royal for the winter season of 1835. And his is next documented playing the violin for a concert in Hobart, VDL (TAS), in February 1839.


[Advertisement], Lincolnshire Chronicle (28 July 1837), 3

MR. DYER and MR. FREDERICK DYER respectfully inform the nobility, gentry, and their friends in general, that their Tuition in DANCING will be resumed after the present recess . . . Mr. F. Dyer has been spending his vacation in London, for the purpose of acquiring every thing new and approved in the profession . . . Grantham, July 24, 1837.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably his father (? Robert) and brother

Perth, WA, 1830-33:

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (5 January 1833), 1 

NOTICE is hereby given that the undermentioned Individuals have applied at this Office, for permission to leave the Colony - Viz. . . . Mr. B. Dyer, per Governor Bourke, and Henry Woods, per ditto . . . Perth, December 20th, 1832.

Sydney, NSW, 1833-39:

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (25 February 1833), 2

From Swan River, on Thursday last, having sailed from thence on the 23rd of January, the schooner Governor Bourke, Captain Akers, with a general cargo; Supercargo, Mr. Mars. Passengers, Mr. Benjamin Dyer, Mr. James Mapleton . . . and 3 prisoners of the Crown.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3

Theatre Royal, Sydney.
The Public are respectfully informed, that the Theatre will Open
THIS EVENING, MONDAY, MAY 4, 1835, and the Performance will commence with
MEHUL'S Celebrated Overture to "JOSEPH," BY THE FULL ORCHESTRA . . .

. . . The Lessees have succeeded in engaging all the first-rale Musical Talent in Sydney to form their Orchestra, which consists of the following gentlemen -
Leader of the Band, Mr, Clarke; Violins, Messrs. Spyers, Johnson, Dyer, and Scott;
principal Flute, Mr. Stubbs; Violencello and Grand Piano Forte, Mr. Cavendish;
Clarionets, Messrs. Turner and Sharp; Bassoons, Messrs. Hoare and Ball;
Bugle, Mr. Pappin; Drums, Mr. Vaughan.
The Musical Department will he considerably improved, and under the entire direction of Mr. CAVENDISH . . .
The Acting and Stage Management under the sole direction of JOSEPH SIMMONS.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Joseph Cavendish (musical director); Joseph Simmons (acting and stage director).

Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1839-42:

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (26 February 1839), 1 

CONCERT. MR. PECK begs leave respectfully to announce . . . his intention to give a
GRAND MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, to take place on the Evening of
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY THE 26th 1839, In the Theatre, Campbell-street, Hobart Town . . .
The Orchestra will consist of the following performers: -
1st Violins, Messrs. Peck and Russell. - 2nd Violins, Messrs. Singer and Dyer. - Viola and Clarionett, Mr. Reichenberg. -
Violoncello, Gentleman Amateur, from the Liverpool Concerts -
Flute, Mr. Duly, Bandmaster, 2 French Horns, 2 Bassoons, Serpent and Ophecleide, 2 Oboes, 2 Clarionets, Trumpet and Drum, 51st regiment . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck; William Russell; John Singer; Joseph Reichenberg; Abraham Duly, master of the Band of the 51st Regiment

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 April 1839), 3

MR. DYER most respectfully informs his friends and the public, that he has taken the large room in Roxborough House, corner of Elizabeth and Brisbane streets; for the purpose of opening a Dancing Academy, where he intends to commence on Saturday next, at 2 o'clock, he having been particularly requested so to do by a many very respectable families.
Since Mr. D.'s short commencement in this Colony, every satisfactory references can be given by the most respectable families and schools he has had the honor of attending, in Hobart Town and its vicinity.
N. B. Young gentlemen, who have not had an opportunity of receiving instructions in Dancing, are respectfully informed, that an Evening School will be held in the above room.
Terms may be known on application to Mr. Dyer, No. 32, Murray-street, or Mr. Tegg's, Elizabeth street.
April 16, 1839.

[Advertisement], Tasmanian Weekly Dispatch (10 January 1840), 1 

MR. B. B. DYER, Professor of Dancing, No. 64 LIVERPOOL STREET.
IN returning thanks for the liberal support he bas received, feels great pleasure in announcing to his patrons and the admirers of this polite art, that the Classes at his Academy resume on Monday, the 20th Instant, and that Schools and private families will be attended upon the same days as heretofore.
In making this announcement, Mr. Dyer considers it but justice to himself to remark, that, for upwards of TWENTY YEARS, he was engaged in his profession, in conjunction with his brothers, in Lincolnshire and the adjoining counties, and the satisfaction given, and approbation expressed, during that time, are known to many highly respectable persons in this Colony.
TERMS - Thirty Shillings per Quarter.
The Flute and Violin taught.
Hobart Town, Jan. 9, 1840.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 February 1841), 4 

RESPECTFULLY begs leave to announce to his Friends and the Public, that the classes for Young Gentlemen at his Academy, resume on Monday the 25th instant, at 6 o'clock in the afternoon; for Young Ladies, on Wednesday the 27th, at 5 o'clock.
*+* The Violin and Flute taught. Hobart Town, Jan. 21, 1841.

[Advertisement], The Courier (28 January 1842), 1

DANCING. - Mr. B. B. DYER, having just received from his Brothers (Professors of Dancing in England) that much-admired Finishing or Breaking-up Dance, as now danced at Her Majesty's Balls, begs to inform his friends and the public, that he will give instructions in the above dance, or the Victoria Quadrilles, to parties at his Room, or at their own residence.
Dancing for Juveniles at his Academy, on Wednesdays and Saturdays, from 3 to 5 p.m.
For Adult Gentlemen, on Mondays and Thursdays, from 7 to 9 o'clock evening.
For Adult Ladies, on Tuesdays and Fridays, from 6 to 8 o'clock evening.
Terms on application to Mr. Dyer. N.B. - Violin and Flute taught.
Belvoir Cottage, 49, Argyle-street, Jan. 27.

Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1842-45:

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (24 December 1842), 5 

A CARD. - MR. B. B. DYER, Professor of Dancing, very respectfully informs his friends and the public of Launceston and its vicinity, that he will open a school on Wednesday, the 4th of January, at two o'clock p.m., for juveniles, at his residence, Brisbane-street, near to Mrs. Hinds' seminary. On Thursday evening, Jan. 5, at eight o'clock, for adult gentlemen. On Tuesday, evening, Jan. 10, at six o'clock, for adult ladies. Terms on application to Mr. Dyer. *+* Quadrille parties furnished. Launceston, Dec. 24.

"INSOLVENT COURT. Monday, February 14th, 1841", Launceston Advertiser (15 February 1844), 3 

In re B. B. Dyer - Nothing was done in this case, it being the wish of some of the creditors that an arrangement might be entered into, by which the insolvency could be superceded.

"THE THEATRE", Launceston Advertiser (15 February 1844), 3 

The performances this evening are for the benefit of Mr. Dyer of the Orchestra. We are glad to perceive by the announcement in the bills for the evening, that Messrs. Searle and Opie will perform (we believe gratuitously) in addition to the usual company. Mr. Dyer is known to the public as a very excellent musician in which capacity he has kept his place in the Orchestre throughout the season, with little or no prospect of remuneration for his services, beyond what his benefit might afford, he is also known to them as the father of a large family which has very recently been increased. We sincerely hope the generosity of the public will on this occasion induce them to come forward liberally and secure him a bumper house.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (24 January 1845), 2 

MR. B. B. DYER begs most respectfully to inform his Friends and the Public, that his Academy will re-open for the above accomplishment, for Juveniles, on MONDAY, the 27th January.
Mr. D. will feel happy to give instructions in Waltzing, Quadrilles, Gallopades, &c., &c., to adult ladies and gentlemen at their own residence, or at his room.
Terms - moderate, on application to Mr. Dyer, Upper York-street, Launceston.
N. B. - Quadrille Parties attended on application as above.
Jan. 22, 1845.

Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1846

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (21 March 1845), 1 

MR. B. B. DYER BEGS to inform his friends and the public, that his BALL which was to have taken place on the 18th instant, at the Caledonian Hotel, is unavoidably POSTPONED until TUESDAY, the 25th March instant.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (3 March 1846), 1 

MR. B. B. DYER, Professor of Dancing, begs to inform his Friends, that his BALL will take place at his Rooms, Murray-street, on Wednesday evening, the 18th instant. Tickets only to be had of Mr. D., not transferable. March 3, 1846.

"MR. DYER'S BALL", Colonial Times (17 March 1846), 3

To-morrow evening Mr. Dyer gives a Ball to his pupils and their friends; these Balls are extremely pleasant, and bring young people, aye, and old ones too, into social, and most agreeable companionship; and we know of few opportunities of spending an evening so favourable as a Ball.

[Advertisement], The Courier (16 January 1847), 6

MR. B. B. DYER, PROFESSOR of DANCING, most respectfully informs his friends and the public of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that he has REMOVED from Murray-street to DENHAM HALL, corner of Argyle and Brisbane Streets, where Mr. D. will continue to give instruction in the following fashionable ball room dances, viz., Polka Quadrilles, Waltzes, Valse a Deux Tems [temps], Quadrilles, Mazourkas, Gallopades, &c. &c.
The most satisfactory reference can be given from the schools and families Mr. D. has had the honour of attending.
N.B. The Pole Exercises taught. Jan. 8.

[John Morgan], "CASE OF ASSAULT. NASH v. DYER", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (11 March 1847), 2 

This case was heard by Mr. Mason on Saturday last. Both complainant and defendant live in Hobart Town, the former being a clerk in the convict department, and the latter a professor of dancing.

The information stated that on a certain day mentioned, about 5 p.m., he was assaulted by defendant, without his having given him, Mr. Dyer, the least provocation.

Mr. Wynne, appeared for the defendant, and pleaded not guilty, in order to obtain particular evidence as to the provocation.

Complainant having been sworn, stated: - On the day mentioned I was standing in front of my house, in Argyle-street, within my own fence; I was without my coat, and hat, looking into the street; my hands were in my pockets. The defendant passed a few yards, and then turned back, and said, "Is your name Nash?" I'said, "I believe it is." He said, "What do you mean by going about the town and reporting that I am a convict?" I said, "Do you allude to something that happened ten months ago? I thought (Dyer) you had forgotten all about that;" Defendant then said, "I have a great mind to knock your head off;" to which I replied, "I think you had better not, two can play at that." I then turned to see if any one was looking out of the parlour window, and whilst doing so, I received a heavy blow with a stick over the head, which gave me a black eye; and before I could get into the street, I received another over the shoulder. Mrs. Nash then came out, and put an end to it.

Cross-examined by Mr. Wynne. - On my oath I never stated Mr. Dyer was a convict. Admitted having received a letter several months ago from Mr. Dyer, complaining of his having raised such a report, and asking explanation. I did once state to a person, in a private and confidential conversation, that I had been told Mr. Dyer was a convict. Did not answer defendant's letter, because a person to whom I had shown it had promised to see him, and explain. He might have mentioned what he had been told to Mr. and Mrs. Barfoot, when speaking about Mr. Dyer's dancing school. I said they ought not to let their children go without protection. Before he struck me, I swear I did not say, "you may be a convict for what I know." What I said about Mr. Dyer was in private conversation . . .

. . . A letter from Mr. Dyer to Mr. Champ, then the Comptroller-General, was handed to the magistrate, complaining of his (Nash's') conduct, in having been representing him (Dyer) to be a convict, and the injury it was doing him, and his wife, and family of five children. Mr. Champ, it appeared by his answer, treated the letter as nothing worth notice, and referred Mr. Dyer to a Court of Justice . . .

In noticing this case we feel bound to say that never was a more unfounded calumny attempted to be raised to injure a man. We knew the defendant (Mr. Dyer) sixteen years, ago, when he arrived at Swan River, Western Australia, as tutor in the family of the Reverend J. B. Wittenhoon [sic], M.A. the first, and Senior Chaplain; and, that, from that hour, not a reproach has been cast upon his character, except by the mischievous, or heartless originator of the report, out of which arose the assault complained of. To a person of Mr. Dyer's profession, it was likely to do great injury, and was therefore a source of great irritation and annoyance . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Burdett Wittenoom; Nash had probably confused Dyer with Joseph Dyer below.

"BALL", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (27 May 1847), 3 

The Ball given by Mr. Dyer, the professor of dancing, on Monday night, was attended, we understand, by a very respectable party of more than a hundred, for whose comfort every arrangement had been made. It was a kind and successful effort Mr. Dyer to make his friends happy, and to do honor to the Queen.

"PACKER'S CONCERT", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (15 February 1849), 3 

The Music Hall was numerously, and respectably attended on Monday night . . . Mr. Packer was well supported in several pieces, by Messrs. Curtis, Dyer, and Russel . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Sandys Packer; Richard Curtis

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 May 1849), 3

Tradesman's Ball. MR. B. B. DYER respectfully makes known, that his TRADESMAN'S BALL will take place on the Queen's Birth-night at the Music Hall. Tickets to be had of Mr. Dyer. May 18, 1849.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 December 1849), 3 

TRADESMAN'S BALL.-Mr. B. B. Dyer respectfully makes known that his Tradesman's Ball will take place on December 31st, at the Music Hall, Collins-street. Dancing to commence at 9 o'clock p.m. Tickets to be had of Mr. D., not transferable. December 22, 1849.

"MESMERISM", The Courier (16 November 1850), 2 

A LECTURE on this subject was given by Mr. W. T. Poyser, at the Mechanics' Institute, Melville street, on Tuesday evening last. The attendance was, however, very limited . . . After explaining the difference of the hypnotic sleep from the theories of former mesmeric practisers, Mr. Poyser introduced to the notice of the assembly Mr. Charles Greig, son of Mr. Greig, of Murray-street, with a view of reducing him to a state of somnambulism to illustrate the subject by manipulations and a series of experiments on the phrenological organs . . . The following experiments were then made . . .

6th. The hypnote, still standing, remained immoveable, when for a few seconds Mr. Dyer began to play a sailor's hornpipe. The hypnotist excited the organs of time and tune, when the hypnote danced the hornpipe to the music Upon ceasing to excite the organs, the dancer ceased, although the violin kept playing. It was found that one heel was up when the excitation ceased . . .

"THE GAZETTE", The Mercury (13 August 1861), 2

. . . The following appointments are notified: Benjamin B. Dyer to be postmaster at Brighton vice Mr. Alfred Thrupp, deceased . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 June 1869), 1 

PUBLIC POUND, PONTVILLE . . . B. B. DYER, Poundkeeper.

"DIED", The Mercury (16 November 1875), 1

DYER. - On Sunday, 14th November, at Brighton, Mr. B. B Dyer, after a long and painful illness, in the 80th year of his age. The funeral will take place Wednesday afternoon, at 2 o'clock.

Bibliography and resources:

Benjamin Bissell Dyer and Family, Tasmanian archives 

DYER, Joseph (Joseph DYER; Mr. J. DYER; Mr. DYER)

Theatrical dancer

Born England, c. 1811
Convicted Chester, England, 20 October 1831, to 14 years transporation
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 16 July 1832 (convict per Katherine Stewart Forbes, from England, 21 February)
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1845-47
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1847-51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"COMMITTED TO PRISON", Chester Courant (18 October 1831), 2

The two men who robbed Mr. Walker's shop in this city about three weeks ago, of two gold watches, were captured at Liverpool, by Dawson, and committed for trial on Saturday week. Their names are Joseph Wray and Joseph Dyer.

"STEALING IN A DWELLING-HOUSE", Chester Courant (25 October 1831), 2

Joseph Ray, Joseph Dyer, and Edward Williams, were indicted for stealing two watches from the shop of Mr. John Walker, silversmith. The particulars of this robbery having already appeared in the Courant, need not be detailed at length. Mr. Walker deposed to the loss of watches, and his son proved that Dyer and Ray were in the shop a few minutes before the watches were stolen. The prisoners were apprehended in Liverpool, and it was sworn by a woman named Scott, that they had boasted of their exploits, and had told minutely how they committed robbery, on their return home. Robert Evans, a prisoner in the city gaol, swore that, since their committal, Dyer had told him, that they had sold the watches to an old-clothesman in Liverpool for five pounds. The jury, after few minutes consultation, returned a verdict of guilty against Ray and Dyer, and acquitted Williams, the evidence against whom was a declaration by the other prisoners that he kept watch in the Row while the robbery was committed. - Death recorded.

"CONVICTS", Chester Courant (8 November 1831), 2

Joseph Reay and Joseph Dyer, the young men convicted at our last Sessions of stealing two gold watches out of the shop of Mr. John Walker, goldsmith, of this city, against whom sentence of death was recorded, have been ordered to be transported for the term of fourteen years.

Convict record, Joseph Dyer, per Katherine Stewart Forbes, 1832; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1389497; CON31/1/10$init=CON31-1-10p90 

Dyer, Joseph / Kath'e Stew't Forbes 16 July 1832 / Chester 20th October 1831 - 14
. . . Conditional Pardon 94 - 4 Jan'y 1842 / Extended to Aust. Colonies 1/7/45 . . .

"Tickets of Leave", The Hobart Town Courier (27 July 1838), 2 

. . . Joseph Dyer, [Katherine Stewart Forbes] . . .

[Government gazette notice], Colonial Times (11 January 1842), 4 

. . . [6 January 1842] . . . Memoranda of Conditional Pardon have been issued for the following persons until Her Majesty's pleasure be known:
. . . Joseph Dyer, Katherine Stewart Forbes . . .

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE . . . 31st August, 1843 . . . CONDITIONAL PARDONS", Colonial Times (12 September 1843), 4 

. . . Joseph Dyer, Katherine Stewart Forbes . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1 

THE Undersigned beg most respectfully to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, that they have commenced teaching in the above profession, the particulars of which may be known on application at No. 41, Brisbane-street.
THOMAS DENHAM. JOSEPH DYER. Hobart Town, April 23, 1844.


"GOVERNMENT NOTICE. No. 83", The Courier (2 July 1845), 2 

Colonial Secretary's Office, 30th June, 1845.
The Lieutenant-Governor having received instructions from Her Majesty's Secretary of State, signifying Her Majesty's approval of the condition of the Pardons held by the undermentioned persons being extended to a residence within the Australian Colonies and New Zealand . . .
Joseph Dyer, K. S. Forbes . . .

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (12 July 1845), 2 

July 11. - Lillias, schooner, from Hobart Town. Passengers . . . Joseph Dyer . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (17 July 1845), 3 

Sailor's Hornpipe, in character, by Mr. J. Dyer, From the Theatres Hobart Town, Launceston, &c., &c., his first appearance here . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Coppin (actor, manager); Cordelia Cameron (actor)

[Government notice], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 October 1845), 250 

The periods for which the under-mentioned persons were transported expiring at the date placed after their respective names, Certificates of their Freedom may be obtained then, or at any subsequent period, upon application at the Office of the Comptroller General of Convicts, Hobart Town . . .
Katherine Stewart Forbes . . . Joseph Dyer, 20th [October] . . .

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (25 February 1847), 3 

Song - Mrs. Richards. Song - Mr. Hambleton. Sailor's Hornpipe - Mr. Dyer . . .
J. T. SMITH, Proprietor.

"Queen's Theatre Royal", The Melbourne Argus (9 March 1847), 2

Queen's Theatre Royal. THURSDAY EVENING, March 11th . . .
Dance - Mr. Dyer; Song - Mr. Hambleton . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 December 1847), 1

[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (4 December 1847), 8 

FIRST appearance of Mr. J. Dyer, from the Hobart Town; Launceston, and Melbourne Theatres . . .
A variety of singling and dancing, when Mr. J. Dyer will dance his unrivalled hornpipe . . .
J. L. JACOBS, Stage Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lewis Jacobs

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 December 1847), 2

ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE. - Last Appearance of Mr. J. DYER, the unrivalled Hornpipe Dancer. - On Saturday Evening, December 11th . . . Hornpipe - Mr. Dyer . . . Irish Jig - Mr. Dyer . . . Tarantella - Madame Veilburne and Mr. Jacobs . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (28 January 1851), 2 

ROYAL AMPHITHEATRE, LATE CIRCUS ROYAL, CURRIE STREET. Open on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday next . . . A Highland Fling By Mr. Dyer, from Port Phillip, his first appearance here . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 March 1851), 3 

MR. DYER (from the Melbourne and Geelong Theatres), will make his first appearance at this Theatre, and dance a NAVAL HORNPIPE . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 March 1851), 5 

SATURDAY, March 8th . . . Highland fling, Mr. Dyer (who was received with great applause on Monday Evening) . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (9 May 1851), 2 

THIS is to give Notice, that JOSEPH DYER, the unrivalled dancer of a Naval Hornptipe, Highland Fling, Irish Jig, and Comic Dance, is open to accept any challenge in the Australian Colonies, for £30 or upwards. Apply at the Star Inn, Rosina-street.
J. DYER. May 8th, 1851.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", Adelaide Observer (6 December 1851), 5 

Friday, December 5 . . . The brig Gazelle, 240 tons, Skey, master, for Geelong. Passengers . . . and the following in the steerage: . . . Joseph Dyer . . .

DYER, Joseph (Joseph DYER)

Journalist, lecturer on music, music reviewer, critic, amateur vocalist

Born Reading, Berkshire, England, 1O April 1819; son of John DYER and Agnes BURNELL
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 November 1852 (per Windsor, from London, aged 33, via Melbourne, 23 October)
Married Margarat Isabella MANSFIELD (1839-1906), Sydney, NSW, 6 April 1855
Died Wellington, New Zealand, 4 March 1877, ? age 56 / in his 58th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Dyer was a reporter on the Sydney Empire by July 1853, and in August and October 1854 gave a lecture on British ballads at the Mechanics' School of Arts, where from 1855 to 1857 he was secretary.

He was founding secretary of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in 1858, secretary of the Sydney University Musical Festival in 1859, and in 1860 of the Sydney Philharmonic Society.

He was also editor of The Sydney Magazine in 1859, to which he probably contributed two articles on music, Music for the People (109), and The Music Festival (229)


Register of non-conformist births, Dr. Williams' Library register, 1820-24; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

850 / Joseph Dyer / Reading / Par. St. Lawrence / County of Berks. / reg'd April 27th 1821 / [son of] John Dyer & Agnes, Daughter of William & Agnes Burnell / [born] 10th April 1819

851 / George Barton Dyer / Par. St. Mary Battersea . . . reg'd April 27th 1821 / [son of] John Dyer & Agnes, Daughter of William & Agnes Burnell / [born] 16th Nov'r 1820

Schedule . . . [passengers per] Windsor . . . 15 July 1852 . . . [for] Sydney . . . 23/10/1852 . . .; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Dyer Joseph / 33 . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 November 1852), 6 

November 4 - Windsor, ship, 900 tons, Captain Tickell, from Melbourne 27th ultimo. Passengers - . . . J. Dyer . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1852), 3 

G. B. DYER, late of Leatherhead, Surrey, may hear of his brother Joseph, who arrived at Sydney in the ship Windsor, on application to No. 73, Phillip-street, Sydney.

"LAW INTELLIGENCE. SUPREME COURT. MONDAY . . . FISHER v. KEMP AND ANOTHER", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1853), 2

. . . Joseph Dyer, one of the reporters for the Empire, was present, professionally, at the meeting in question, and took notes, which he still had by him . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (26 August 1854), 1

On TUESDAY Evening next, the 29th of August instant.
A LECTURE on BRITISH BALLADS, with illustrations, will be delivered in the Hall of the Institution, by Mr. JOSEPH DYER.
The doors will be open at 7 o'clock, and the Lecture will commence at half past 7 o'clock precisely.
Each Member of the Institution has the privilege of introducing two ladies.
S. W. MANSFIELD, Secretary.

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", Empire (30 August 1854), 5 

Yesterday evening a lecture on the subject of old English Ballads was delivered at the institution by Mr. Joseph Dyer. The lecturer stated that he was induced to call public attention to these effusions because they appeared to have suffered unmerited neglect. While Scotch, Irish, and Ethiopian melodies had been popular, and had excited great attention, the true old English Ballad had been utterly neglected. He then proceeded to show the important influences that Ballad literature had in forming the character of the people; and in support of his opinion he quoted Macaulay and Dr. Burney, and other eminent writers. He traced the fall of the ancient minstrels to the establishment of the printing press, and gave several instances in favour of such an opinion. He then alluded to the power of music, and suggested that at this moment the national strains of England might be nerving the arm of her soldiers to combat against a foreign and barbarous foe. The lecturer, concluded with a series of old English Ballads, foremost among which was the old song of "Robin Hood and the Bishop of Hereford." A great variety succeeded, among which were "Down among the Dead Men," "My Lodging is on the Cold around," and "The Leather Bottel." They were received with cordial marks of approval by a very numerous audience. An amusing parody was also sung, referring to the Russian war, which excited great enthusiasm. This collection of British Ballads concluded with "God save the Queen," concerning the authorship of which the lecturer read a very elaborate critique. He met with universal applause, and concluded what was universally regarded as a very successful lecture.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1854), 1 

LECTURES - On TUESDAY EVENING next, the 17th October Instant, a Lecture on British Ballad, with some Ancient English and Modern Irish illustrations, will be delivered in the hall of the Institution, by Mr. JOSEPH DYER . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (21 October 1854), 8 

LECTURES - On TUESDAY EVENING next, the 24th instant, a Lecture on BRITISH BALLADS with some Ancient English, and Modern Irish illustrations, will be delivered in the Hall of the Institution by Mr. JOSEPH DYER . . .

"THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1855), 4 

Mr. Joseph Dyer, who has for some time past been connected with the literary department of our daily contemporary, has been elected to the office of Secretary of this institution, in place of Mr. Mansfield.

[Advertisement], Empire (10 March 1855), 1 

MR. JOSEPH DYER, Secretary to the Mechanics' School of Arts, has the honour to announce that, assisted by Mrs. ST. JOHN ADCOCK, who has kindly offered her valuable aid, he will deliver a Lecture on TUESDAY EVENING next, the 13th instant, on ANCIENT BRITISH BALLADS, at the Theatre of the Institution, in Pitt-street.
Mr. Dyer ventures to hope that the deeply interesting object to which the whole proceeds of the lecture are intended to be devoted, will obtain for his efforts an acceptation that he is conscious they could not intrinsically command.
The lecture will be illustrated with various old English ballads, among others Robin Hood and the Bishoppe of Hereford; The Leather Bottel; The Lincolnshire Poacher; the original song of the British Grenadiers. - Mrs. ADCOCK will also accompany Mr. Dyer in various duets; and will sing a favourite song of Linley's, The Warrior's Bride; also Moore's admired Irish melody, "The Minstrel Boy." Mrs. Adcock will also preside at the pianoforte . . .

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Empire (14 March 1855), 5 

A lecture in aid of the Patriotic Fund was delivered yesterday evening, in the Theatre of the School of Arts, by Mr. Joseph Dyer, the Secretary to this Institution. The subject announced was "Ancient British Ballads," and after some general allusions to our earlier national minstrelsy, and to the light which it throw on many portions of history, Mr. Dyer sang very effectively several of the more popular and stirring old English ballads, among others Robin Hood and the Bishoppe of Hereford; The Leather Bottel; The Lincolnshire Poacher, and the original song of the British Grenadiers - all of which were well received by the audience. Mrs. St. John Adcock, who played the pianoforte accompaniments for the pieces just named, sang with great pathos and beauty, a favourite song of Linley's, "The Warrior's Bride," and Moore's admired Irish melody "The Minstrel Boy," and also took part with Mr. Dyer in the admired duets - "Love in thine eyes for ever plays," and "Go where Glory waits Thee!"

Towards the conclusion of the lecture, Mr. Dyer took the opportunity of urging the claims of the School of Arts on the support of the young men in Sydney, alluding, with some emphasis, to the important service it might render to public morals and general education, by such additions to its various appliances for instruction and recreation as that it should afford effectual counterattractions to those offered by the theatre and the tavern. He further adverted to the gratifying fact, that the number of members of the Institution was larger now than at any previous time, and that the reading rooms were plentifully supplied with all the principal periodicals and newspapers of Great Britain and the colonies, and concluded with expressing a hope that the support which the School of Arts received would enable the Committee to erect, on the adjoining ground now in possession of the institution, a building of a character and convenience suited to the intellectual requirements of the city. The audience was unfortunately a limited one. By means of this laudable effort on the part of Mr. Dyer to promote a cause of such general public interest the sum of £6 will, we believe, be handed over to the Secretaries of the Patriotic Fund.

ASSOCIATIONS: Marianne Adcock

MUSIC (BALLADS): Dyer's source for the words and music of the songs was almost certainly William Chappell's A collection of national English airs (1840)

MUSIC (DUETS): Love in thine eyes (Jackson); Go where glory waits thee (Moore)

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1855), 8

On the 6th instant, at York-street Chapel, by the Rev. Stephen Rabone, Mr. Joseph Dyer, son of the late Rev. John Dyer, of London, and Secretary of the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts, to Margaret Isabella, eldest daughter of Mr. S. W. Mansfield, of Sydney.

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 2-3 

We noticed, in our issue of Friday, that a conversazione took place on Thursday evening last, in the new Hall of the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts and we now proceed to enter somewhat more into details. The numerous attendance was evidence sufficient of the progress of an institution which aims at objects truly noble, and which has, within the last twelve months, burst as it were into new life, and gathered around it many hundreds of additional subscribers. His Excellency the Governor General - the patron of the institution - was present, and took a very active part in the proceedings of the evening . . .

[3] . . . During the evening several glees were sung - most of them German. All were well received, but there was a strong partiality shown to the "Model British" glee - "by Celia's Arbour" - the singers being Messrs. Colley, Fisher, Walcott, and J. Bolton. The vocal efforts of Mrs. St. John Adcock were greeted with plaudits they deservedly won. Mons. Paling was enchored in his performance on the violin. A song of considerable merit, composed by him (Mons. Paling) for the occasion, and sung by Mr. Dyer, was heartily applauded. The lines were by Captain Hampton. The secretary of the institution also sung "The Leather Bottel," with much effect. The assembly separated at about half-past ten, feeling that an intellectual treat had been afforded them, and no doubt hoping that the entertainment would be repealed at no distant day. We must say that the general arrangements, both in the hall and the refreshment room, reflected great credit upon the secretary, Mr. Dyer.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Bolton; James Churchill Fisher; William Henry Paling (violinist, composer); Frederick Blagg Hampton (lyricist, d. 1859)

[News], Freeman's Journal (19 December 1857), 2 

Mr. W. Davis, secretary to the Alliance for the Suppression of Intemperance, has been elected by the Committee of the School of Arts as secretary to that institution, vacant by the appointment of Mr. Joseph Dyer, as secretary to the Sydney Fire Insurance office.

"THE SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1858), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1858), 1

PRESIDENT. Charles Nathan, Esq., F.R.C.S.
TREASURER. Mr. L. W. Hurford, No. 191, Castlereagh-street.
SECRETARY. Mr. Joseph Dyer, No. 25, Macleay-street.
COMMITTEE. Rev. W. Cuthbertson, Messrs, D. Dickson, M. Fitzpatrick, Rev. H. J. Hose, Messrs. R. H. Hurford, J. Johnson, R. Johnson, W. J. Johnson, J. V. Lavers, W. Macdonnell, W. McDonnell, J. Martin, F. L. S. Merewether, F. E. Sloper, Rev. G. H. Stanley, Messrs. F. M. Stokes, J. Waller, Rev. W. H. Walsh, Messrs. W. Wilkins, C. H. Woolcott.
This Society has been formed for the cultivation and practice of Vocal Music, and for the establishment of a school for instruction in part singing in Sydney. To this end the support of all persons competent to take part in Choral Music is earnestly invited, in order that an organised body of singers may be formed in Sydney capable of producing in their entirety the great works of the great masters of music . . .

"THE SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSIC FESTIVAL. To the Editor of . . .", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1859), 2

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1860), 5 

. . . Mr. Joseph Dyer then proceeded to read the annual report of the committee for the year ending in June, 1860. The report dwelt with satisfaction on the large measure of popularity which had attended upon the performances of the Society, as evidenced by the crowded audiences attending their concerts . . .

"DEATH", New Zealand Times (5 March 1877), 2

Dyer. - On March 4. at his residence, Tinakon-road, Joseph Dyer, Resident Secretary to the Mutual Provident Society, in the 68th year of his age, leaving a wife and nine children to mourn his loss.

"NEW ZEALAND", The Argus (3 April 1877), 7 

"MUTUAL PROVIDENT SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1877), 6 

. . . Not long ago, the branch secretary in New Zealand, Mr. Dyer, died. The local Board had sent a very strong representation to the principal Board on behalf of his widow and children. He had left a widow and nine children entirely unprovided for. He was insured in the society to the extent of £500; but we are advised that the whole of that would be swallowed up in paying debts . . . They had pointed out that Mr. Dyer was a very zealous officer of the society, and that during the term of his secretaryship, nearly six years, the business increased very greatly, from, he believed, and as was verified, £17,000 to £70,000. The Board felt this was a case of great hardship, and they ought to do something . . . the feeling was that Mr. Dyer ought to have insured, and that to do anything to assist in this case was like a premium upon improvidence . . .

DYNES, William (William DYNES; ? DINES, William James DINES)

Fiddler, violinist, violin player, convict

? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1821 (convict per Dick)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1826 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE REPORT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 June 1825), 3 

William Dynes, prisoner of the crown, a man of colour, who had been repeatedly brought before the Bench on complaints of his master, particularly on the 3d instant, when he was sentenced to receive 50 lashes, but the punishment suspended until a future offence, was now brought up under charges of the same nature, and the punishment which stood over him for his last offence, was ordered to he inflicted.

"THE POLICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1826), 3

William Dynes, prisoner of the crown, found fiddling at a late hour in a house on the rocks, on Saturday night last, and when taken into custody and on his way to the watch-house, violently and wantonly broke the fiddle, the properly of another person. - 25 lashes.

Bibliography and resources:

William James Dines, transported on the Dick, 02 October 1820; Convict records 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020