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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T (Thoms-Tz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T (Thoms-Tz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the early history of music in colonial Australia):; accessed 18 June 2024

- T - (Thoms-Tz)

Introductory note:

The primary focus of the biographical register is musical personnel first active before the end of 1860, with a secondary focus on members of their circles - families, pupils, colleagues, and other important contacts - first active after 1860.

Beyond that, there has been no systematic attempt to deal with musical personnel first active after 1860, and the coverage is selective.

A major upgrade of the contents of this page was completed in November 2020, and newly added documentation (including genealogical data) and Trove tagging now brings the page content up to the end of 1860 close to completion.

Only such biographical information as can be confirmed from standard national databases or original documentation presented is entered at the head of each person entry in this page. Where no certain evidence of a person's birth year has yet been identified, the assumption is that we do not and cannot yet know with sufficient certainty to propose one. Years of birth or death, and sometimes also names and spellings of names, thus sourced and presented here, will often differ more or less substantially from those given (but often merely hazarded) in standard Australian and international bibliographic and biographical records.

The texts given in gold aim for the most part to be diplomatic transcriptions, wherever practical retaining unaltered the original orthography, and spellings and mis-spellings, of the printed or manuscript sources. Occasionally, however, some spellings are silently corrected (for instance, of unusual music titles and composers, to assist identification), and some orthography, punctuation and paragraphing, and very occasionally also syntax, editorially altered or standardised in the interests of consistency, clarity, and readability.


1 or 2 musicians, pianist, violinist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853-57 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12

Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Graham (her second appearance). Mr. Moran.
Leader - Mr. F. Fischer.
Director - Mr. G. Chapman.
THE Band will consist of the following talented performers: -
Violins - Mr. A. Fischer, Mr. Strebinger, Mr. Thomson.
Viola - Mr. Thomas. Basso - Mr. C. Elza and Mr. Hardman.
Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. G. Chapman. Clarionet and Oboe - Sig. Blume.
Flute - Mr. Rosenstengel. Pianoforte - Mr. Hertz and Mr. Thomson . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 August 1857), 1 

MR. THOMSON, Pianist, is requested to call on Mr. King, Old Governor Bourke, Spring-street.


Amateur bass vocalist, guitarist, accountant

? Born Glasgow, Scotland, 3 January 1803; son of Andrew THOMSON (1776-1850) and Jean (Jane) CRAID (1781-1865)
Married Martha Mary COOKE, St. Anne, Soho, London, 1 September 1828
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 February 1837 (per Derwent, from London, 18 October 1836)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1839
? Departed Sydney, by March 1840; or ? died Sydney, NSW, 19 April 1840 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

THOMSON, Martha (Martha Mary COOKE; "Peggy" COOKE; Mrs. George THOMSON; MRS. THOMSON; Mrs. THOMPSON [sic])

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Born Glasgow, Scotland, c. 1800; daughter of James COOKE (d. 1832) and Mary COLE
Married George THOMPSON [sic], St. Anne's church, Soho, London, 1 September 1828
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 February 1837 (per Derwent, from London, 18 October 1836)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 24 March 1857 (per Kent, for London)
Died Pimlico, London, England, 27 March 1870, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Daughters of the above:
THOMSON, Mary (Christina Mary THOMSON; Miss Mary THOMSON; Mrs. Charles Edward JONES; Mrs. C. JONES)

Actor, dancer

Born Bath, Somerset, England, c. 1827 (? c. 1823); natural or adopted daughter either Charles THOMSON or Martha Mary COOKE, or both
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 February 1837 (per Derwent, from London, 18 October 1836)
Married Charles Edward JONES (c. 1813-1864), Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 9 August 1841 (aged "18", "14" according to death certificate)
Died Paddington, NSW, 21 August 1881, aged "54" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

THOMSON, Jane Elizabeth (Jane Elizabeth THOMSON; Mrs. Charles YOUNG; Mrs. Hermann VEZIN)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Born England, 1829; baptised Warrington, Lancashire, 27 February 1829, daughter of George THOMSON and [Martha] Mary COOKE
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 February 1837 (per Derwent, from London, 18 October 1836)
Married (1) Charles YOUNG, Holy Trinity, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 June 1845
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 24 March 1857 (per Kent, for London)
Died (suicide) Margate, England, 17 April 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

THOMSON, Eliza (Elizabeth THOMSON; Eliza Marion; Mrs. Medmer Lushington GOODWIN)

Dancer, actor

? Born London, England, 4 April 1833; baptised, Pentonville chapel, 25 March 1835; daughter of George THOMSON and Martha Mary COOKE
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 February 1837 (per Derwent, from London, 18 October 1836)
Married Medmer Lushington GOODWIN (1826-1898), Launceston, VDL (TAS), 28 October 1848 (aged 16)
Died West Tamar, TAS, 29 July 1874, aged "37" [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Martha Mary Cooke was the eldest child of the London actor and bass singer, James Cooke (d. 1832), and his wife Mary Cole, who had married at St. James's, Piccadilly, on 11 July 1799.

According to information Martha gave the English census collector in 1861, however, she was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in or around 1800. A bass singer named Cooke, who held a benefit concert at Edinburgh's Theatre Royal in April 1800, was perhaps her father, perhaps also the "Mr. Cooke", one of a troupe from the "Theatre Royal, Bath", who had joined Stephen Kemble's Edinburgh company for the season in January that year.

Martha's two younger sisters also became theatrical professionals. The next eldest, Sarah Elizabeth Cooke (from 1833, the second Mrs. William Leman Rede) was perhaps the Miss Cooke active in her father's Bath company in the 1820s. The youngest sister was Jemima Cooke (c. 1809-1883).

The actor and vocalist, Harriet Cooke, famous as Mrs. Waylett (partner and later wife of the song composer Alexander Lee), was their cousin (not sister as once reported).

According to Martha's obituary, she and her sister Sarah were already in the company at Drury Lane theatre at the time of Edmund Kean's first appearance there. This is perhaps a slight exaggeration (Kean first appeared there in 1814), however, Martha was probably working professionally in London and the provinces well before 1820. She was, perhaps, the Miss M. Cooke who played Corinthian Kate, in Tom and Jerry, at the Brighton Theatre, in September 1822. Later, in Hobart, she advertised the loss of a small gold bracelet that had been a gift from the poet Byron, who had died in 1824.

Martha Cooke married George Thomson, a merchant (according to her obituary, "from Liverpool"), in London on 1 September 1828, and their child, Jane, evidently conceived before the wedding, was baptised at Warrington, Lancashire, on 27 February 1829.

They were back in London for the baptism on a daughter Marian (born 4 April 1834) in November 1834, and for the belated baptism of her elder sister Elizabeth in April 1835 (born 14 April 1833); however, only one of these two daughters survived (it is uncertain which), to be later identified at Eliza Marion.

If another daughter Mary was indeed 18 (as recorded) at her marriage in 1841, she must have been born c. 1823, five years before George and Martha married. Was she a natural daughter of one or both of them, or was she was perhaps a relative (a niece, a sister?), adopted, legally or otherwise? Mary's 1881 death certificate, however, names both George and Martha as parents, and records that she was 14 at the time of her marriage, and thus born c. 1827, also according to the certificate, in Bath, Somerset.

Mary's death certificate also further identified George as George Craig Thomson, and family historians have traced putative parents, Andrew Thomson (1776-1850) and Jean (Jane) Craig (1781-1865), who married in Glasgow in 1800. If these were indeed George's parents, he was born in Glasgow on 3 January 1803.

Australia (1837-1857):

We can only speculate why George and Martha emigrated to Australia. However, in the light of reports in the years after arrival that they relied almost solely on Martha's income, and George's early death, it may have been that he was already chronically ill. With either two (as reported) or three daughters (more likely), the couple sailed from London on the Derwent in October 1836.

From a report in the Sydney press in March 1837, it may be that Sydney and its theatre were originally to have been their destination. However, after arriving there in February, they settled for the time being in Hobart.

In June 1837 or slightly earlier, Martha had appeared at the new Theatre Royal, and, after a dispute with the architect and proprietor Peter Degraves, had already determined, as Bent's News put it, "never again to appear on our boards".

She turned instead to school teaching, and, by late June 1837, had opened an academy for young ladies at their residence, 13, Liverpool-street, Hobart, while George advertised, from the same address, his services as an accountant. Over the summer vacation, she also advertised classes in music and dancing, but in mid December accepted an offer of a "short engagement" re-appearing at the Theatre Royal, first in the title role in Clari, or the maid of Milan (with or without songs) on 18 December. Meanwhile, George had filed for insolvency on 13 December.

Martha's benefit, first advertised for 2 February 1838, was postponed and then cancelled, leading to another, more protracted dispute with the new proprietors John Moses and James Belmore. Nevertheless, she appeared again, under the next management, at the rebranded "Royal Victoria" for the winter season, apparently finally taking a successful benefit on 30 July.

Thereafter, nothing at all is documented of the Thomsons until Martha's reappearance in Sydney in September 1839, as Lady Teazle in Sheridan's The school for scandal. However, she evidently became very unpopular with the company, most of whom refused to appear at her benefit, due in late October, forcing her to advertise a belated benefit concert instead, in December, with help from a few supportive colleagues, including Joseph Simmons and John Philip Deane and family. Also on the programme was the "Mr. Thomson", who had meanwhile appeared regularly as a vocalist at all of Deane's weekly concerts since September, sometimes accompanying himself on the guitar. This was almost certainly George; as was, probably, the "amateur" billed to sing Neukomm's The sea, at Martha's cancelled Hobart benefit in February 1838.

If so, George was last certainly documented alive in December 1839, and probably died (or otherwise disappeared from record), in 1840 or early 1841. He was probably not the George Thompson who died in Launceston, VDL (TAS) on 1 November 1840, described in his death record as a wheelwright aged 40, and in his burial record as a carpenter aged 35 who had "died of apoplexy caused by excessive drinking" (see also inquest report of this Thomson). However, he may have been the "George Thomson", who died in Sydney, NSW, on 19 April 1840 (probate granted 21 April), and who the coroner found had died, likewise, of "apoplexy [and] intox[ication]".

If not earlier, Martha had certainly returned to Hobart by January 1841, for the tail end of the summer season at the Royal Victoria Theatre, and then for the new season, beginning in April, under it's new lessee Feltham Bold Watson. Also appearing in the company at the same time was the actor, Mr. Thompson, care being taken to signify they were unrelated by billing Martha as Mrs. G. Thomson.

In August 1841, Martha (but not George) witnessed the marriage of her eldest daughter Mary to the actor (and watchmaker) Charles Edward Jones, before returning to Sydney.

Martha, together with her two eldest daughters and their actor husbands, continued to appear in theatre in Melbourne, Hobart and Launceston, through the late 1840s and into the mid 1850s.

Together with her middle daughter Jane, and Jane's actor husband Charles Young, Martha finally left Melbourne permanently for England in March 1857.


Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Anne, Westminster [Soho] . . . in the year 1828; register 1826-30, page 192; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 575 / George Thompson [sic], Esq. bachelor, of this parish, Martha Mary Cooke, of the parish of St. Margaret Westminster, spinster . . . on [1 September 1828]

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Warrington, in the county of Lancaster, in the year 1829; register, 1820-29, page 154; Lancashire Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1231 / Feb'y 27th / Jane Elizabeth daug'r of / George and Mary / Thomson / Bridge St. / Merchant . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Holy Trinity Islington in the county of Middlesex in the year 1834; register 1829-91, page 60; London Metropolitan Archives, P83/Tri/001 (PAYWALL)

No. 474 / [1834] Nov. 24 / born April 4 1834 / Marian [daughter of] George & Martha Mary / Thompson [sic] / Thornhill Street / Gentleman . . .

Baptisms, Pentonville Chapel (St. James, Clerkenwell), 1835; register 1824-76; London Metropolitan Archives, P76/Js2/010 (PAYWALL)

No. 24 / March 25th [1835] / Elizabeth [daughter of] George & Martha Mary / Thomson / Manchester Street / Merchant / Said to be born 14th April 1833 . . .

[Deaths], The Examiner [London, England] (4 March 1832), 14 (PAYWALL)

On the 24th Feb., at Bath, Mr. James Cooke, the uncle of Mrs. W. West and Mrs. Waylett. He was one of the oldest actors existing having made his first appearance in London, 1st of January 1791, as Anselm in "The Siege of Belgrade." He left Drury Lane when Elliston took the management, and retired to Bath, where he was much and deservedly respected. It will be remembered that his daughter, Miss Cooke, met a dreadful accident whilst performing in "Peter Wilkins" on the Bath stage; she is a talented actress . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harriet Waylett (Martha's cousin)

Australia (from 4 February 1837):

Arrivals, per Derwent, from London, at Hobart Town, 4 February 1837; Tasmanian named indes; NAME_INDEXES:1575818; MB2/39/1/3 p102A$init=MB2-39-1-3P052JPG (DIGITISED)

. . . Mr. & Mrs. Thompson [&] 2 children . . . [sic]

"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (7 February 1837), 4 

FEB. 4. - Arrived the barque Derwent, A. Riddle, master, from London October 18th, with a general cargo. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Thompson . . .

[News], The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (7 March 1837), 2 

Mr. and Mrs. Meredith may be expected from Hobart Town to join our theatrical company; as also a Mrs. Thompson, a sister of Mrs. Waylett. The talents of the latter lady, we understand, are of a superior description; she having for a number of years led the business at several of the largest provincial theatres in England.

ASSOCIATIONS: John and Amelia Meredith (actors); correctly, a cousin, not sister, of Harriet Waylett

"MRS. THOMPSON", Bent's News and Tasmanian Three-Penny Register (17 June 1837), 4 

We expected to have had the pleasure of seeing this lady again on the Stage of the New Theatre, as mentioned in a recent number of our paper. We were premature in our ideas, as at that time Mrs. Thompson was prosecuting one of the proprietors for the fulfilment of his agreement with her and refused to transfer her services to the present managers. The award, we sincerely believe, has been, not only satisfactorily to herself, but to her friends. We, however, regret that Mrs. Thompson was compelled to take the only course left to receive justice; and has led her to the determination never again to appear on our boards. Nevertheless we have great pleasure in stating, that Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have opened a Seminary at their residence, No. 13, Liverpool-street, opposite the Hospital.

[2 advertisements], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (30 June 1837), 5 

ACADEMY, MRS. THOMSON begs to inform the Inhabitants of Hobart Town that she will open a Seminary for the instruction of Young Ladies, on Monday the 3rd July. Mrs. T. assures the Public, that every attention will be given, both to the improvement and comfort of those Pupils intrusted to her charge. 13, Liverpool-street, (opposite the Hospital), where cards of terms may be obtained. June 30, 1837.

MR. THOMSON begs to inform the Inhabitants of Hobart Town, that he has commenced business as an Accountant and General Agent; and from his intimate knowledge of book keeping and experience in business, of which he can give satisfactory references, he trusts that those parties who may require any assistance in arranging their accounts will favor him with their orders.

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (10 November 1837), 8 

ACADEMY. MRS. THOMSON begs to inform the Ladies of Hobart Town that her Seminary for the instruction of Females in the usual branches of a polite English education, has been open for some time, and she has the pleasure to add, that those who have honoured her with patronage can satisfy any person as to the system pursued. Mrs. T. assures the public, that every attention will be given, both to the improvement and comfort of those Pupils intrusted to her charge. 13, Liverpool-street, (opposite the Hospital), where cards of terms may be obtained.

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (28 November 1837), 3 

LOST. ON Friday the 24th instant a small gold bracelet, about 8 p. m. between 13, Liverpool street, and the Government house, and the same being of little value to any person except the owner Mrs. Thomson, at 13, Liverpool street, (it having been the gift of the late Lord Byron). Whoever will return it to her at her Academy, will be handsomely rewarded.
Nov 25, 1837.

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (17 November 1837), 773 

MUSIC. MRS. THOMSON begs to acquaint the ladies of Hobart town that she intends to open a class for Music and Dancing, in her Establishment in Liverpool street, after the holidays. Liverpool-street, Nov. 14, 1837.

"THEATRE ROYAL", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch . . . (15 December 1837), 7 

We have much pleasure in stating that the managers have prevailed upon Mrs. Thomson to accept a short engagement, (during the vacation,) and she will make her first appearance on Monday next, the 18th instant. It will be remembered that this lady played for a few weeks when the New Theatre opened, and during that short period became a great favorite, and we feel assured that her re-appearance will be marked by public patronage, for it will be a relief to see again the sterling acting of an English actress.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (15 December 1837), 3 

Theatre Royal, Campbell-street . . . ON MONDAY EVENING, DEC. 18.
The Proprietors feel a pleasure in announcing the appearance of Mrs. Thompson in the celebrated Drama of
CLARI; OR THE MAID OF MILAN, In which she will perform the part of Clari . . .

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (19 December 1837), 3 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . WEDNESDAY EVENING, December 20, Will be performed the romantic drama OF The Castle Spectre - Lady Angela (first time) Mrs. Thompson . . .

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (22 December 1837), 3 

In the matter of the Insolvency of George Thomson of Hobart Town, in the Island of Van Dieman's Land Accountant.
WHEREAS I the said George Thomson did present my petition to the supreme court praying for relief . . .
Dated this thirteenth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven.

"The Theatre", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (2 January 1838), 7 

. . . We cannot but remark, we wish to do so with the gentlest hand, upon the very unusual course adopted by Mrs. Thomson in rendering the "extempore" passages in the ballad "Buy a Broom," the means of personal communications with the audience. It is impossible to believe that Mrs. Thompson could wish to levy contributions by that course, but when it produced the Bartholomew fair practice of money being thrown on the stage, which she picked up and put in her bosom, it was a mistake into which (and others rather offensive to individuals) we are convinced that lady will not again fall.

MUSIC: Buy a broom ("The Bavarian girl's song) (arr. Alexander Lee)

"The Theatre", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (9 January 1838), 7 

In our little notice of the Theatre last week, we remarked upon what we considered the impropriety of any performer rendering his part subject to individual application to any part of the audience, and we commented upon Mrs. Thompson's having appeared so to do in the song "Buy a Broom." We have since been informed, that the rendering that song the means of producing pecuniary marks of approbation was practised both by Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Cameron, and others. Disreputable as we consider the practice to be, to any performer on any Theatre, beyond the scale of a booth at a fair to condescend to such a means of obtaining pecuniary tribute even to the most favored talent, yet Mrs. Thompson was certainly free from censure in following what it seems had been an established practice. We regret that our little comment on this subject should have given that lady a moment's pain, highly respectable as she is in all the relations of life both domestic and public, exerting her abilities, certainly of superior order, for the support of a young family, and we have no doubt that on the occasion of her approaching benefit she will receive those substantial marks of the public favor to which she is so well entitled.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Remens Clarke (actor, vocalist); Cordelia Cameron (actor, vocalist)

"The Theatre", Bent's News and Tasmanian Register (13 January 1838), 2 

. . . In the song of "I come love to thee," by Mrs. Thomson, Mr. Peck accompanied this Lady on the Harp; it had a beautiful effect, and consequently, the song went off much better than it otherwise would have done . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (musician)

[Advertisement], Bent's News and Tasmanian Register (20 January 1838), 1 

ACADEMY. MRS. THOMPSON begs to inform her Friends and the Public, that she re-opens her School on Thursday, the 18th instant; and from the satisfaction expressed of the improvement of those young Ladies hitherto entrusted to her charge, she hopes to be favoured with an extension of patronage. 13. Liverpool street, January 6, 1838.

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (2 February 1838), 2 

Theatre Royal, Hobart Town.
PATRONIZED BY The Merchants of Hobart Town At whose particular desire will be performed
The Heart of Mid-Lothian, A legendary drama from the pen of Sir Walter Scott.
Madge Wildfire - Mrs. Thompson.
Duke of Argyle - by an Ameteur [sic]
INTERLUDE. Consisting of the highly admired English song of THE SEA, Accompanied by the military band.
A variety of Dancing.
A comic Italian song, from Il Barbiere, composed by Rosini, by an ameteur [sic]
To conclude with The highly RISIBLE FARCE from the pen of J. B. Buckstone, Esq., and for the first time in this colony, entitled
The Happiest Day of My Life. Sophia - Mrs. Thompson
Colonel Hope has kindly permitted the band of the 21st Fusileers to attend on this occasion.
For further particulars see small bills.
Tickets to be had of Mr. Wise, Ship, and Mr. Wise Waterloo Hotels, Mr. Tegg, Bookseller, and at Mrs. Thompson's residence 13, Liverpool street, opposite the Colonial Hospital, where boxes only can be secured.

ASSOCIATIONS: Angus McLeod, master of the Band of the 21st Regiment; the advertised benefit was postponed a week, to 9 February, then apparently cancelled altogether

MUSIC: The sea (Neukomm)

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (6 April 1838), 3 

Notice. MRS. THOMSON is compelled to inform the Public, that Mr. Moses and Mr. Belmore have refused to fulfil the agreement made with them, that she would have the Theatre, in Campbell-street, on Monday the 9th instant, for her use, notwithstanding she has been led into considerable expense to open the house for that evening. Mrs. Thomson trusts, that through the kindness of some friends, she will be able in a few days to announce that the Argyle Rooms will be opened on Easter Monday, for her use, in consequence of the treatment she has received.
Hobart Town, April 5, 1838.


"The Theatre (From a Correspondent)", Colonial Times (10 April 1838), 7 

We are sorry to observe, that the members of this establishment are again quarrelling among themselves. By an advertisement in Trumpeter, of the 6th inst., we perceive, that it was the intention of Mrs. Thomson to take a benefit on the 9th at the Theatre, in which she states, that it was with the concurrence of the lessees, and complains of their ill-treatment towards her, which is contradicted by their manager in another part of the same paper. How is this? Surely the proprietors would not make a promise to the lady, and immediately break it. Gallantry forbid! We do not wish to interfere in these squabbles, - but we suggest, that they might be satisfactorily adjusted, without reference to the law. We have seen a letter from Mrs. Thomson's solicitor to Mr. Moses, threatening him with weekly (quere weakly?) actions, unless Mrs. T. receives the full amount of her specified salary, and also ridiculing the idea of a theatrical season existing, only, from a Saturday until the following Wednesday. Then we imagine, that to please this gentleman's ideas of propriety, individuals are to carry on a large establishment like the Theatre at an immense sacrifice, and at a loss of from £25 to £30 per week? How preposterous! Moreover, we would ask, what claim has Mrs. Thomson on the public for a benefit, more than any other individual of the Corps Dramatique? It was but the other day that we witnessed a performance for that lady, and we have understood, that on a late occasion, when the house was given gratuitously to the performers, some of whose benefits had proved failures, Mrs. Thomson received from Mr. Moses, tickets to the amount of £7, the whole of which she disposed of. From what we can learn, the Theatre was offered to, and accepted by, Mrs. Thomson, for the nights of either Monday 26th March, or the 2nd of April, - which shewed a degree of liberality on the part of Messrs. Moses and Belmore, - that was surely unexceptionable, the more especially when we find that Mrs. Thomson's engagement, at a high-salary, has proved in no way beneficial to the management. Besides, it is now out of the power of these gentlemen to let the house, as the term of their lease has expired, and it would not be justice for them to offer the Theatre to open, when they, by so doing, might become responsible for a twelve-month's rent.

We would strongly recommend Mrs. Thomson to drop all law proceedings, as she may be certain that by persevering in such a course, she will not increase her popularity, as her transaction of last year with Mr. Degraves, must be still fresh in everybody's recollection. We are more inclined to imagine Mrs. Thomson in the wrong, as we never hear law mentioned by any other theatricals; and we are fully aware, that as individuals, both Mr. and Mrs. Thomson we under considerable obligation to the lessees, particularly Mr. Moses. We strongly commend the lessees for their prompt attention to the public by cautioning them not to purchase tickets for the night of the 9th, for had they not done so they would have committed an act of great imposition on their friends and patrons . . .

"To the Editor of . . .", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (17 April 1838), 7 

To the Editor of the Review.
SIR, - In the Colonial Times of Tuesday last, there is inserted a letter from a "soi dissant" correspondent; - but the fulsome plaudits of the hireling scribe, in favor of his employers, are too glaring, to conceal the source from which they emanate. And as it is an attempt to gull the public, unfounded by assertions, and to reflect upon Mrs. Thomson in her public life, I beg to trouble you with a few remarks.

Mrs. Thompson was engaged for a "Season" on the assurance, that it was to last at least three months, and then have a benefit; and was induced to give up her school, as she could not attend to both avocations. Now, they play four nights - close the season (Bah!) - and agree to let her have the house on the 9th instant, which would have been but a small recompense for the injury Mrs. Thompson has sustained in various ways, in consequence of the manner in which the Theatre has lately been managed and afterwards refuse, and the only reason I can assign, was his fears of Mr. Cumberland's talents.

If it is as the correspondent states, that the Lessees could not give the House on the 9th instant, why engage for a season under the representations they did; when in fact (as it now appears) the lease had only a fortnight to run!!!

Mr. Correspondent states that Mrs. Thomson was offered the 2nd instant. And, it now turns out the lease terminated on the 1st, so that they could as well have let her have the 9th as the 2nd, by his own argument.

In conclusion one word to Mr. Correspondent. As to any obligation I or my wife are under to Mr. John Moses, - I know of none, and have only to say, he is Mrs. Thomson's debtor in matters of account.
- I am, sir, your's &c.

[Advertisement], Bent's News and Tasmanian Register (8 June 1838), 1 

Royal Victoria Theatre. First appearance of Mr. FENTON these four years, also of Mr. MUNYARD, from the Theatre Royal, Sydney . . .
Monday Evening, June 11, 1838, in the Romantic Legendary Drama, of
THE JEWESS: OR, the Council of Constance.
Eleazar (the Jew of Constance) Mr. Fenton.
Prince Leopold - Mr. Munyard.
Rachael (second time) Mrs. Thompson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Fenton (actor); Mark Munyard (actor)

"The Theatre", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (24 July 1838), 7 

We have to draw the public attention to Mrs. Thompson's advertisement for her benefit at the theatre on Monday evening next. This lady is as deserving in private life, as she is admired as an actress. She has a large family dependent entirely on her exertions for support; and we trust she will receive that encouragement from a liberal public, to which she is so fairly entitled in every consideration.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian (27 July 1839), 1 

Theatre Royal, MRS. THOMSON'S BENEFIT, Monday Evening, July 30, 1838.
MRS. THOMSON begs to intimate to her friends and the public Generally, that she intends taking a BENEFIT on the above evening, when she respectfully solicits their king patronage and support.
The Evening's Entertainments will commence with the Romantic Legendary Drama of
Raymond and Agnes, Or, The Bleeding Nun of Lindenburg, Founded on the celebrated Romance of the Monk,
AFTER WHICH Comic Song - Mr. Harrold.
BALLET, written expressly for the occasion, by a gentleman, and called My Highland Home,
to which will be added, the laughable Farce of NO SONG, NO SUPPER, OR, The Lawyer in a Sack.
By the kind permission of Major Deare, the excellent Band of Her Majesty's 21st North British Fusileers will attend . . .
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. McLeod . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Harrold (comic vocalist)

Sydney, NSW (September 1839 to mid or late 1840):

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 September 1839), 3 

MR. DEANE Begs to inform the Gently and Public of Sydney, that his SOIREE OF Vocal and Instrumental Music, WILL take place at the MECHANICS' SCHOOL or ARTS, on TUESDAY (THIS DAY) Evening, September 3, the proceeds of which will be given to the ASSOCIATION FOR THE RELIEF OF THE POOR.
ACT I . . . 3. Song, "The light of other days," - Mr. W. Balfe - MR. THOMSON . . .
ACT II . . . 6. Song, "What is the spell," accompanied by himself on the guitar, - W. M. Rooke - MR. THOMSON . . .

NOTE: Above concert postponed to 23 September (below)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Standard and Colonial Advocate (9 September 1839), 3 

Sheridan's admirable Comedy of the SCHOOL FOR SCANDAL was produced on Thursday last, for the purpose of introducing (for the second time) Mrs. Thomson to our notice, in the character of Lady Teazle. Upon the whole, we considered it a very lady-like performance . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (24 September 1839), 2 

For the Benefit of the Poor. MR. DEANE . . . his Soiree . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts,
This Evening, Sept. 24, the proceeds of which will be given to the Association for the Relief of the Poor.
PROGRAMME. ACT I . . . 3 Song, "The light of other days" M. W. Balfe - Mr. Thompson . . .
ACT II . . . 6 Song, "What is the spell?" accompanied by himself on the guitar, W. M. Rooke - Mr. Thomson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (musician)

MUSIC: The light of other days (Balfe); What is the spell (Rooke, from Amilie)

"Mr. Deane's Soiree", The Australian (3 October 1839), 2 

The first of Mr. Deane's weekly concerts took place at the School of Arts on Tuesday night . . . An amateur singer (Mr. Thompson) accompanied himself on the guitar, and excelled greatly in the song, "What is the Spell?" but the cracked instrument he played on was ill adapted to a pleasingly soft bass voice . . .

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (4 October 1839), 2

Mr. Deane has made arrangements for giving a concert in the School of Arts every Tuesday evening . . . The performance consist of two overtures, two or three songs by Mrs. Clancy, who sines very prettily, a song from Miss Suss Deane, a song by a Mr. Thompson, who accompanies himself on the guitar . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Clancy (vocalist)

"Mr. Deane's Soiree", The Australian (3 October 1839), 2

. . . An amateur singer (Mr. Thompson) accompanied himself on the guitar, and excelled greatly in the song, What is the Spell?", but the cracked instrument he played on was ill adapted to a pleasingly soft bass voice.

"News of the Day", The Sydney Monitor (11 October 1839), 2

Mr. Deane's weekly concert was well attended on Tuesday . . . Mr. Thomson sang his songs well. He accompanied himself on the guitar - and if the latter had not been a very bad instrument, the accompaniement would have been good . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (12 October 1839), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre. MR. & MRS. KNOWLES . . .
their JOINT BENEFIT, will take place on MONDAY NEXT, the 14th October 1839 . . .
At the conclusion of the Play . . . Song - "The Rover " in character, by Mr. Falchon.
Song - "Buy a Broom," Mrs. Thomson.
Dance, Miss Lazar, from the Drama of Wallace.
Mr. and Mrs. Knowles, are happy to announce, that Mr. Thompson, who sang with so much success at Mr. Deane's Concert, has with the greatest kindness, consented to appear on this occasion, for the first time on the Sydney boards, and sing Rooke's popular Song WHAT IS THE SPELL? Accompanied by himself on the Guitar . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Conrad and Harriet Knowles (actors); Rachel Lazar (dancer); Arthur Falchon (actor, vocalist)

"DEANE'S SOIREE", The Australian (17 October 1839), 3 

. . . Mr. Thomson's voice is coarse and his higher notes harsh, but he is improving rapidly. We should think sea songs best suited him . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 November 1839), 3 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 1839 . . .
2. Song, "The Peace of the Valley," Balfe - Mr. Thomson . . .
[Part 2] . . . 2. Duetto, "As it fell upon a Day," Bishop - Miss Deane and Mr. Thomson . . .
7. Song, "Roland the Brave," Awkwright - Mr. Thomson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Rosalie Deane (vocalist, pianist)

MUSIC: As it fell upon a day (Bishop); Roland the brave (Arkwirght, arr. Cooke)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (12 November 1839), 3 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, Nov. 12, 1839 . . .
PART 1ST . . . 2. Song, "Roland the Brave," Mr. Thomson . . .
6. Glee - Master Weavers, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .
PART 2ND . . . 6. Song, "Death of Nelson," Mr. Thomson.
7. Glee, "Hark, 'tis the Indian Drum," Miss Deane, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Weavers (vocalist)

MUSIC: [Hark] Yes, 'tis the Indian drum (Bishop) The death of Nelson (Braham)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (19 November 1839), 3 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 1839 . . .
PART 1ST . . . 2. Song - "The Death of Nelson," Braham - Mr. Thomson . . .
5. Glee - "The Canadian Boat Song," Stevenson - Master Weavers, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Deane . . .
7. "Laughing Glee," Martini - Master E. Deane, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Deane.
PART 2ND . . . 3. Song - "When time hath bereft thee" Mr. Thomson . . .
7. Glee - "Mild as the Moonbeams," Miss Deane, Master Weavers, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Deane . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Smith Deane (vocalist)

MUSIC: A Canadian boat song (Moore); The laughing glee [Vadasi via di qua] (Martini); When time hath bereft thee (Auber, from Gustavus III, arr. Cooke); Mild as the moonbeams (Braham, from Artaxerxes)

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 November 1839), 3 

THE undersigned, Members of the Sydney Corps Dramatique, decline playing for any Benefit for Mrs. Thomson, on the following-grounds:-
That she has, for the last three or four weeks canvassed the Town for her benefit, begging people to take her Tickets, and sending notes of a pegging description to people who would otherwise have patronised Benefits which were placed in the Benefit list to take place a month before her's (Mrs. T.'s) was appointed to take place, to the serious injury of various members of the Sydney Company of the Victoria Theatre.
That Mrs. Thomson has grossly insulted the Company in various other ways.
Thomas Collins, Arthur Falchon, M. Larra, Eliza Winstanley, Maria Taylor, John Lane, C. Knowles, Harriet Knowles, Thomas Simes, D. P. Grove, B. Grove, G. F. F. Arabin, Anne Teresa Clarke, J. Fitzgerald, J. L. Jacobs, Prompter, John Lazar.
Sydney, 20th November, 1839.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Ann Larra (actor); Eliza Winstanley (actor); Maria Taylor (actor, vocalist); Thomas Simes (actor); Daniel and Bridget Grove (actor); Gustavus Arabin (actor); Anne Remens Clarke (actor, vocalist); John Lewis Jacobs (actor); John Lazar (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 November 1839), 3 

MRS. THOMSON begs the kind indulgence of her friends and patrons to make the following statement in reply to the advertisement published this day in the Australian and other newspapers, purporting to emanate from the Corps Dramatique of Sydney. The only source which she can trace anything which has been deemed offensive is taking the liberty, as termed by the manager, to write one or two notes at the insistence of her friends, as follows, namely:-

"Sir, - I have taken the liberty of waiting on you to solicit your kind aid for my Benefit, which takes place on the last Monday of this season, the 25th instant, and under the patronage of the United Australians. I am almost as if a stranger in this Country, and made my first appearance in the character of the "Widow Cheerly" in the "Soldier's Daughter," with great success. I have a family of three daughters, and my character is respectable."
"I am, Sir, Yours respectfully.

This noter having been by some means produced upon the Stage, Mrs. T. was assailed in every direction with the grossest epithets by the females, who were, of course, seconded by the males, upon whom they have various claims, and she retorted to their insults as they merited, and they in return then refused to perform for her Benefit, because as stated by themselves, they admit that the patronage she has met with would fill her House, and (as they term it), injure them. Surely the United Australians, as any other body, have a right to patronise who they choose and Mrs. Thomson trusts that this explanation will satisfy all of the manner in which she been deprived of her Benefit, and which has involved her in considerable expenses.
November 21, 1839.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 November 1839), 4 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, THIS EVENING, TUESDAY, Nov. 26, 1839 . . .
PART 1ST . . . 2. Song, "I'm free, I'm free" - Mr. Thomson . . .
4. Glee - Master Weavers, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .
7. Song, "The Woodpecker" - Kelly - Mr. Thomson.
PART 2ND . . . 6. Duetto, "The minute gun at sea" - King - Miss Deane and Mr. Thomson . . .
7. Glee, "The Minstrel Boy" - Miss Deane, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .

MUSIC: The wood-pecker (Kelly); The minute gun at sea (King); The minstrel boy (Moore and Stevenson)

"News of the Day", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (27 November 1839), 3 

On Saturday evening last, there was a most edifying disturbance at the Theatre, in consequence of the corps dramatique refusing to play for the benefit of Mrs. Thomson. It appears that "The Natives" take it as an insult to themselves, they having patronised her benefit, and in consequence, visited the Theatre for the purpose of shewing their displeasure. And a "regular row" they made during the whole evening . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (3 December 1839), 4 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, Tuesday evening next, DEC. 3, 1839 . . .
PROGRAMMME. PART 1ST . . . 2. Song, "The Sea" - Neukomm - Mr. Thomson
3. Glee, "Here in cool grot," Mornington - Master Weavers, Mr. Deane, Master E. Deane and Mr. Thomson . . .
PART 2ND . . . 5. Song, "What is the Spell," with Guitar accompaniment, Rooke. - Mr. Thomson . . .
8. The celebrated "Laughing Glee," Martini - Mr. Thomson, Mr. Deane, and Master E. Deane . . .

MUSIC: Here in cool grot (Mornington)

[News], The Australian (12 December 1839), 2 

Mrs. Thomson, late of the Victoria Theatre, gives an entertainment to-morrow evening, at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on which occasion she is assisted by the Messrs. Deane, Mr. Thomson the vocalist, Mr. O'Fairlee, Mr. J. Simmons, and several amateurs. The bill is attractive, and no doubt this lady will meet with a fair share of patronage. The advertisement came too late for insertion.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 December 1839), 3 

Under the Patronage of the United Australians. GREAT NOVELTY!!
MRS. THOMSON BEGS to inform her friends and the Public, that in consequence of her having been prevented taking her Benefit at the Victoria Theatre, as intended during the last Season, she has obtained permission from E. DEAS THOMSON, Esq., Colonial Secretary, to give an
ENTERTAINMENT At the Mechanics' School of Arts, On FRIDAY EVENING NEXT, DEC. 13, Upon which occasion MR. J. SIMMONS has kindly volunteered to appear gratuitously, and to Sing three favorite Songs; and Mrs, Thomson is entirely indebted to Mr. Simmons's kindness for being enabled to get up an Entertainment that, she has no doubt, will give satisfaction to her Patrons and the Public in general.
She will also be assisted by an Amateur of considerable talent, Mr. D. O'Fairlie, Mr. Thomson, Mr. Deane, Mr. J. Deane, and Master E. Deane. In the course of the Evening, a Gentleman Amateur will occasionally preside at the Pianoforte.
OVERTURE. - Mr. Deane and Family, with numerous Assistants.
SONG, Give me the Night, Mr. Thomson.
A RECITATION, The Ruined Cottage, Mr. O'Fairlie, his first appearance in Sydney.
COMIC SONG, Mornings at Bow-street, with all the laughable Charges (after the manner of the late C. Mathews, accompanied on the Piano by a Gentleman Amateur), Mr. Simmons.
SONG, The Spell is Broken, Amateur.
DUETTO, Violin and Piano, Mr. Deane and Mr. J. Deane.
SONG, Rose of the Valley, Mr. Thomson.
COMIC DUET, Mrs. Thomson and Mr. D. O'Fairlie.
GRAND FINALE, Mr. Deane, Mr. J. Deane, Master E. Deane, and numerous Assistants.
SONG, Roland the Brave - Mr. Thomson.
COMIC SONG, Spider and the Fly - Mr. Simmons.
SONG, La Rose d'Amour - Amateur.
RECITATION, William Tell on Liberty, - Mr. D. O'Fairlie.
SONG - Mr. Thomson.
SONG, Love was once a little Boy, Mrs. Thomson.
COMIC SONG, Shakespeare's Seven Ages, Mr. Simmons.
FINALE, God Save the Queen, By all the Company.
Price of Admission.- Front seats, 5s.; back seats, 3s. Doors open at half-past Seven, to commence at Eight o'clock precisely. - Tickets may be had at Mr. Tegg's, Stationer; Mr. Maclehose, Hunter-street; and Mr. Simmon's, Market-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Simmons (actor, vocalist)

MUSIC: Give me the night (J. P. Knight); Love was once a little boy (arr. Knight)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 December 1839), 3 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, Tuesday evening next, DEC. 10, 1839 . . .
PROGRAMMME. PART 1ST . . . 2. Song, "The Friar" - Mr. Thomson . . .
PART 2ND . . . 2. Song, "I'm free, I'm free - Mr. Thomson . . .
6. Song, "Meeting of the Waters" - Stevenson - Mr. Thomson . . .
8. Glee, "When the rosy Morn" - Webbe - Master Weavers, Master E. Deane, and Mr. Thompson [sic] . . .

MUSIC: The friar of orders grey (Reeve); The meeting of the waters (arr. Moore and Stevenson); When the rosy morn appearing (Shield)

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (17 December 1839), 3 

WEEKLY CONCERT. MR. DEANE . . . at the Mechanics' School of Arts, on, This Evening, Tuesday, DEC. 17, 1839 . . .
PROGRAMMME. PART 1ST . . . 2. Song, "The Wolf" - Shield - Mr. Thomson . . .
8. Glee, "When the Rosy Morn" - Webbe - Master Weavers, Master E. Deane, and Mr. Thomson.
PART 2ND . . . 3. Song, "The Friar" - Reeve - Mr. Thomson . . .
7. Glee, "Hark, 'tis the Indian drum" - Bishop - Miss Deane, Mr. Thomson, and Mr. Deane . . .

MUSIC: The wolf (Shield)

"SYDNEY . . . Theatrical", The Hobart Town Advertiser (27 March 1840), 4 

Mrs. Thompson has had presented to her the whole of the theatrical wardrobe belonging to the regiment lately stationed at Sydney. It would seem that there has been some serious disagreement between Mrs. Thompson and the conductors of the Victoria. She had, in consequence, announced theatrical entertainments at Parramatta, being assisted by Beverley Suttor and other amateurs.

? [News], The Australian (24 March 1840), 2 

A musical swindler has lately bolted to New Zealand, guitar and all, leaving various creditors in the lurch. The credulity of the parties who have suffered considerably diminishes the pity which we should otherwise entertain for them. The runaway is said to have declared that he was going to make purchases of land in New Zealand. He will take very good care, we suspect, to forget Sydney, "Oh no we never mention it," and will "strike the light guitar" in that land which, until very lately, has been in the strict sense of the word, the refuge for the destitute.

ASSOCIATIONS: This article perhaps refers to John Thomas Wilson, supposed to have "bolted" for New Zealand, some months earlier, and whose whereabouts were again a subject of speculation in the Sydney presss; but if not, could the guitar playing bolter be Thomson, and thus explain his disappearance from record at precisely this time?

MUSIC: Oh no we never mention her (arr. Bishop); The light guitar (Barnett)

? Coroners' inquests, 1840; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

[No.] 771 / Sydney / 20th April / Geo. Thomson / 11th June / Coroner / Apoplexy Intox

? "DEATH FROM HABITUAL DRUNKENNESS", The Colonist (22 April 1840), 2 

An Inquest was held on the body of a man named George Thomson, on Monday last, at the Coach and Horses, Cumberland-street. It appeared that the man was an habitual drunkard, frequently drinking four half pints of brandy in the course of a day. He complained shortly before death of a pain in his chest. Dr. Neilson gave it as his opinion that the deceased died from apoplexy, induced by hard drinking. - Verdict accordingly.

Hobart and Launceston, VDL (TAS) (January to August 1841):

1841, marriages in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:827643; RGD37/1/2 no 869$init=RGD37-1-2P97 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 869 / August 9th 1841 St. George's / Charles Edward Jones / 22 / Watchmaker / . . .
Mary Thompson [sic] / 18 / spinster / . . . Married in this parish church . . . [witnesses] Martha Mary Thompson . . .

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (28 August 1841), 3

AUGUST 26. - From Hobart Town, having left the 16th instant, the schooner Sisters, 131 tons, Captain Clarke, with 150 bushels of wheat, and 216 bags of flour. Passengers - Miss Lucas, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Thomson, Miss Thomson, Miss J. Thomson, Messrs. Lucas, C. Jones, Wilkinson, and Osborne; steerage, Pembroke and Bailey.

[Advertisement], The Australian (11 June 1844), 2 

Will be presented, for the last time, the original Tragedy, in five Acts, entitled THE HIBERNIAN FATHER . . .
A Scotch Pas Seul by Miss Eliza Thompson. (Her first appearance on any Stage).
To conclude, with the laughable Farce of the VALET DE SHAM.
Vivat Regina. J. LAZAR, Manager.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 September 1844), 1

Signor GARANDINI and Mr. JOHN HOWSON have, on the above occasion, gratuitously offered their services. First Appearance of Miss Jane Thomson . . .
the very celebrated Operatic Drama, in Three Acts, with the Original Music, entitled THE SLAVE.
After which (for the first and only time this season,) the very favourite SWISS PAS DE DEUX, SIGNOR CARANDINI & MRS. F. HOWSON.
To be followed by a MEDLEY PAS SEUL, Miss JANE THOMSON, Who will have the honour of making her first appearance in this colony . . .
AFTER WHICH, (For the first time this season,) THE MAZURKA, (In the true Costume of the Nobles of Varsovia,) MRS. ROGERS & SIGNOR CARANDINI . . .

"THE THEATRE: MASONIC BESPEAK", Colonial Times (17 September 1844), 3

. . . We now come to the dancing, and par excellence, to Miss Jane Thomson, who made her debut in a Medley Pas Seul, selected with great judgment, for the purpose of exhibiting this young lady's talent in a variety of pas; and of a verity she danceth marvellously well; we did think that Madame Adelle was as accomplished a danseuse as any we might chance to see on these boards, but we must yield the palm to Miss Jane Thomson; her execution, so to call it, of the various steps, &c., is exquisitely beautiful, and withal charmingly graceful; we shall see her again and again, we hope, when we may be enabled to pronounce a more elaborate critique upon her performances; all that we can now say is, that those who do not go and see her scarcely deserve to be called, or at least considered rational beings. There was also some clever dancing by Mesdames F. Howson and Rogers, and Signor Carandini . . . LAST NIGHT . . . with regard to Mrs. Thomson's re-appearance on the boards. She was received with a hearty welcome, and well did she deserve it . . . In Mabel's Curse, also, Mrs. Thomson sustained the reputation which she has acquired as an accomplished melodramatic actress . . . For the Pas de Deux as advertised to be danced by Miss Jane Thomson and Signor Carandini, a Medley Pas Seul was substituted, which was beautifully performed by Miss Thomson with inimitable vivacity; her pirouettes are positively surprising. The Signor did not dance; he was in the house, however, and warmly applauded the young danseuse, as did the audience generally . . .

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (24 September 1844), 3

To those persons who are fond of a good opera, well performed, our Theatre last night presented a high treat, Bellini's Somnambula being represented in a style which would have done infinite credit to even the English Opera House . . . Miss Jane Thomson's Grand Pas Seul was grandly danced; the nervous agitation of a first appearance having subsided, she is enabled to throw more grace and softness into her performance. The Tarantella, too, was well danced by Mrs. F. Howson and Mr. Young, - and both the dances were encored . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (3 December 1844), 4

REGATTA NIGHT . . . the very celebrated Nautical Melo-drama, of intense interest, entitled
To be followed by the favourite WREATH DANCE, Miss JANE THOMSON . . .

"VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (11 February 1845), 3 

Last night Mr. Jones and Mrs. Thomson took a joint benefit, and, we are happy to say, to an excellent house - this, being the fifth benefit, which the public have so liberally patronized. The attractions of last night were great and numerous, and amongst others was the announcement of the first appearance of Mrs. Coppin . . . The intermediate entertainments were highly amusing, and the Double Highland Fling by Miss J. Thomson and her interesting little sister, Miss Eliza, was rapturously encored. The pretty little debutante promises to equal, if not excel her sister, for even allowing for an unavoidable degree of nervous trepidation, the petite danseuse exhibited much grace and agility, performing her pas with much precision and accuracy; so much pleased are we with her debut, that we hope to see her again and again . . . On Thursday Miss J. Thomson takes her Benefit, and sure we are that the gallantry of our young townsmen, as well as the liberality of our elderly ones, will give this very excellent young lady a bumper; the entertainments are numerous, and of the first order. Miss Thomson has sincerely our best wishes for her success.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (15 February 1845), 3

. . . . The dancing was, as usual, excellent: Miss Eliza Thomson, having somewhat overcome her timidity, danced with much grace and spirit, and promises amply to fulfill our expectations of her future excellence in an art in which it is obvious she has been well and sedulously tutored. The performances were for the benefit of Miss Jane Thomson, and we are happy to say the house was a very good one; and being under the patronage of our merchants, the audience was very genteel.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1845), 3

An IRISH JIG, by Miss J. Thomson (Her first appearance here!) . . .
After which, the favourite Venetian Dance, entitled LA FURLANA, (With the true Costume of the Isle of Murano,) - BY MISS JANE THOMSON & MR. YOUNG . . .

1845, marriages solemnized in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:832839; RGD37/1/4 no 2016 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 2016 / 6th June 1845 Trinity Church / Charles Young / 24 / Gentleman / Bachelor / . . .
Jane Thomson / 16 / Lady / Spinster / . . . [witnesses] Martha Mary Thomson . . .

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 June 1845), 2

On Friday, the 6th inst., at Trinity Church, by the Rev. W. L. Gibbon, Mr. Charles Young, comedian, to Miss Jane Thomson, both of the Olympic Theatre, Launceston.

"Shipping Intelligence . . . DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (7 June 1845), 4 

June 5. - Brig Swan, 149 tons, Bell, master, for Port Phillip; J. Raven, agent. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Coppin and the following theatrical company: - Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Jane Thompson, Miss E. Thompson, Mr. Young, Mr. and Mrs. Opie, Mr. Megson, Mr. and Mrs. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Hambleton, Mr. Howson, Mr. H. Howson, Mr. Wilks, Mr. and Mrs. Douglass, Mr. Ray.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 July 1845), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . Last Night of the Season. MRS. CLARKE'S FAREWELL BENEFIT. THURSDAY, JUNE 26. when MRS. STIRLING, MRS. and MISS THOMSON will positively make their LAST APPEARANCE . . . In the course of the Evening A DOUBLE FLING, by Miss ELIZA THOMSON and Miss CLARKE, her first appearance on any stage. June 20, 1845.

ASSOCIATIONS: Anne Theresa Clarke (the younger)

"THEATRICALS", Colonial Times (15 August 1845), 3 

Mrs. Clarke and Mrs. Thomson have their joint benefit on Monday night. These Ladies are especially deserving the support of the public, and we rejoice to find their benefit is under the patronage of "the Ladies of Hobart Town" - the elite of whom will honor it with their protection. Mrs. Clarke is so well known here - her conduct in private life has been so correct and free from even the breath of calumny, that it is unnecessary to say more. Mrs. Thomson possesses an equally high reputation in private life. She is a near relative of that celebrated author and performer, Mr. Leman Reid, and possessing first-rate professional talents, the performances of Monday evening will afford a high theatrical treat, as the programme shows. We believe both these deserving ladies proceed forthwith to Port Phillip, where they will no doubt receive that public and private support, to which their correct deportment so fully entitles them.

"OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 March 1848), 2 

The house on Monday night was respectably attended. The Drama of the Dutch Trooper was well sustained; the dancing of Miss Eliza Thompson the "Taglioni" of Tasmania, was elegant, and Cohen did credit to Mr. Campbell whose pupil we understand he is . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Abraham Cohen (dancer); William Campbell (dancing master)

1848, marriages in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:837435; RGD37/1/7 no 2115$init=RGD37-1-7P293 (DIGITISED)

[No.] 144 / 2115 / Octo. 28, 1848. York St. Chapel Launceston / Medmer Lushington Goodwin / 23 / Gentleman / . . . Bachelor / . . .
Eliz'th Marion Thompson [sic] / 16 / Spinster / . . . Married in the Baptist Chapel . . . by Henry Dowling . . . [witnesses] Martha Mary Thompson [sic] . . .


March 21. - Queen, s.s.s., 300 tons, Hugh McMeckan, from Launceston 20th instant; passengers, Saloon . . . Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young and child, Mrs. Thomson . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT", The Argus (26 March 1857), 4 

March 24. - Kent, ship, 926 tons, E. B. Brine, for London. Passengers - cabin : Mr. and Mrs. Charles Young and Miss Young, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Anna Maria Quin . . .

After 1857:

England census, 7 April 1861, Middlesex, Clerkenwell, St. James, Goswell Street; UK National Archives, RG 9 / 197 (PAYWALL)

31 Amwell Street / Mary Thomson / Head / 61 / Retired actress / [born] Glasgow, Scotland
Jane Young / Dau. / 39 / Actress / [born] Bath, Somersetshire . . .
Isabella Young / Grand Dau. / 12 / Scholar / [born] Australia . . .

"COURT OF PROBATE AND DIVORCE. WEDNESDAY . . . YOUNG V. YOUNG", London Evening Standard (15 May 1862), 7 (PAYWALL)

In this case Mrs. Elizabeth Young prayed for a dissolution of marriage on the ground of her husband's adultery; and the respondent, Mr. Charles Frederick Young, pleaded denying the charge. Dr. Spinks and Mr. Webster were counsel for the petitioner; and Mr. Day and Mr. Pritchard for the respondent.
Dr. Spinks, in opening the case, said that his client and her husband were known well to the theatrical profession, in which they had distinguished themselves by their abilities, and to the public who were in the habit of frequenting the West-end theatres. The marriage was a very unfortunate one, and from an early period the respondent committed acts of cruelty which at length forced the petitioner to quit his roof in 1860, and to seek the protection of her mother, with whom she had since resided. The marriage took place at Trinity Church, Launceston, in Tasmania, in June, 1846. It appeared that the husband had acquired considerable property chiefly through the professional exertions of the petitioner, which he had invested in land in Australia. The learned counsel entered at some length into the facts of the case, which are detailed in the subjoined evidence. The respondent left this countiy last year, and had since resided in Australia, but previous to his departure he had addressed a letter to his daughter, who was the only issue of the marriage, which would be submitted in the course of the evidence, and contained an admission of misconduct which be sought to palliate.

Mrs. Martha Mary Thompson. I reside at present with my daughter, Mrs. Charles Young, at 28, Upper Belgrave-place, Pimlico. I was present at her marriage. It took place in a church. I was not in the habit of attending that church myself, and cannot tell what service was used there. The marriage ceremony was an English one. I was married myself in England - at Gretna-green (laughter). After my daughter's marriage she went to Melbourne. I afterwards followed her there. The respondent's conduct was very bad to her. He constantly called her a -----, and her child a bastard. In the year 1850 she was confined of a still-born baby. About ten days after that he came home and began to "row." I expostulated with him. He was going to strike me. My daughter got up to prevent him, and he struck her down. She was constantly in the habit of hiding his razors, because he said he would be hanged for her. In 1855 I saw him paint her eye, moaning over her while he did it, and saying what a scoundrel he was. He had blacked it; and he painted it in the dressing-room at Geelong Theatre before she could appear on the stage. Five years ago we came to England on board the ship Kent; and I saw him strike her on the face at the cuddy table. All the ladies rose and left the table, taking her with them. When we got to England the respondent went to reside in Charterhouse-square, then in Cecil-street, Strand, then at 29, King-street, Holborn, then in St. John-street-road, Islington, and at other places. They were living in Newman-street when she left him. I did not live much with them after they came to London. On the 30th of January, 1860, she came to me in Margaret-street with her face covered with blood. Had spoken to the respondent about his conduct. That was when he told his daughter that he was not her father, and that her mother was any man's woman. The letter produced is in his handwriting. The following letter wst then read: -

"On board the Empress, Liverpool, May 25, 1861.
"My dear, dear Child, - When I saw you on Thursday I told you not to be surprised at a letter you would receive from me, and not to take anything to heart, but in consequence of Mr. Jerwood's (your mother's solicitor) anxious, and certainly at so late a date strange inquiries after me, and offering rewards for information (which he could not get) - I have taken what I consider a necessary step, viz., my instant departure for Melbourne. By the time you receive this I shall be hundreds of miles away; and remember that when your mother deserted me I had not been guilty of wronging her, and that the crimes I may have committed were crimes of head not of heart. I have suffered, and must still suffer. My name has been blackened fearfully here, and in Australia too. Oh, Dolly, I think your mother might have forgiven me; and if she only knew what my feelings were towards her she would pity my wretched state. No matter, I suppose I must follow out my doom - 'Man proposes, but God disposes.' Remember me to her, and say, 'Well, mother, if you cannot forgive my father, say God speed him on his voyage.' And now, my dear child, farewell, perhaps for a long time; but if God spares my life I hope to see you again. God bless and preserve you to be a good woman, and I hope a comfort to your mother.
"Your affectionate father,

Cross-examined. - I followed my daughter and her husband to Melbourne some time after the marriage, say about three or four months. They returned with me to Hobart Town, and we lived together occasionally. I remained with them at Hobart Town for a few months with the consent of Mr. Young, and I never lived with them without his consent. He was very jealous of my daughter, but she never expressed any jealousy of him.
Sir C. Cresswell. - I do not understand the object of this question. There is no recrimination pleaded by the respondent.
Witness, in continuation. - My daughter had an engagement at the theatre at Hobart Town, and when he did not fetch her home she returned by herself. She did not come home with a gentleman named Ross. She came to me on the 30th of January, 1860, with her face covered with blood. She said she had thrown a candlestick at her husband, but that her provocation had been very great. He was going to strike her, and asked her which of her men had seen her home. He afterwards struck her. He was then receiving a salary at the St. James's Theatre, but I do not know how much. I should think it was about 6/- a week. My daughter was earning 11/- a week.
Re-examined. - On the 30th of January, when she came to me, I had been previously at her place, and was waiting for her return. I heard a cab come to the door, and shortly after another, and I heard footsteps going up stairs. I then heard a scream. I went to Mr. Cooper, who was in bed, and begged of him to go up, or that Mr. Young would kill my daughter. I waited in the passage until she was released from him. She told me that she took a cab and followed him to a house in Raymond-buildings, Grays-inn. I there found him in company with Miss Soward. That is all I know. He came after her to my lodgings. I am in the habit of accompanying her to the theatre.

The Rev. Frederick Shum Batchelor was examined, in order to prove the validity of the marriage. He said that be was chaplain to the Millbank Penitentiary, and officiated as a clergyman at Tasmania, where be frequently performed marriages. Trinity Church was a Church of England place of worship, and he believed the clergyman was a member of the same Church.

Mrs. Young, the petitioner, was next examined. - I became first acquainted with my husband in 1844. I was then 14 years of age, and engaged as a dancer at the Victoria Theatre, in Melbourne. We were married two months afterwards at Launceston, and immediately after the ceremony we went to live at Melbourne, where we both performed. We remained there about six months. After that we went to Hobart Town, where we remained about two years. Mr. Young behaved very well for about twelve months after our marriage. I cannot remember the date of the first time be struck me. The first time I remember was in 1848, while we were staying at the Duchess of Kent Hotel, Hobart Town, of which he was the keeper at the time. My first child was born in November, 1846. On one occasion, about that time, he came home after the bouse was closed. There was a gentleman taking refreshment in the house at the time. Mr. Young said he had caught me at last. He then struck me violently about the head and face and went out of the house threatening to destroy himself. I followed him and persuaded him to come back. I was in the family-way at the time, and I had a miscarriage a few days afterwards. In 1849 I was residing at the Red Lion, Melbourne. We were not keeping that hotel. During that time he used violence to me on several occasions. One night he came home and I had been sitting up for him until three o'clock in order to see him. He had a sword-stick in his hand, the blade of which was covered with blood, or something like it. He said he had just killed Mr. Bellford, and that he intended to kill me during the night. He then knocked me on to the bed. We went to Hope Cottages, in Melbourne, after we left the Red Lion, and were living there in 1850. While remaining there I was confined of a still-born child. About ten or eleven days afterwards he came home late one night and my mother expostulated with him. He endeavoured to strike her. I took hold of his arm to prevent him, and he struck me on the head and knocked me on the sofa. I was ill afterwards, and he sent for a doctor. That gentleman in my hearing asked him how it was that I was so much worse than on the previous day. He said it was his fault, that he had been drinking the night before and ill-used me, and he cried to the doctor. He used to drink excessively, and when not under the influence of drink he was very kind to me. From Hope Cottages we went to King-street, Melbourne. I remember on one occasion being at home one night, and about two or three o'clock in the morning he brought some one home with him. On that occasion he struck me on the back, and said he would "smash me." I took my child out of the bed, and ran out of the house with the intention of taking refuge at the Red Lion Hotel. He followed me and knocked me down in the street with my child in my arms. We afterwards went to Hobart Town, and resided at Liverpool-street. He quarrelled with me there about a gentleman named Ross. I knew this gentleman and his wife, and by Mr. Young's permission went to take tea with them. Mr. Ross returned a part of the way with me. When I got home I found Mr. Young watching outside the gate. He said he wondered Mr. Ross had not seen me home. I said he had seen me a part of the way, but that his wife was ill and I did not wish to detain him. He said Mr. Ross was afraid of facing him after what had taken place. He took my bonnet off my head and kicked me. He was always expressing himself jealous of me with somebody. He used to question me as to whom I had seen every day, and what they had said, and he always made me kiss the Bible as to the truth of what I stated. When I was at Geelong I remember his giving me a black eye. I had to perform that night, and he came to the dressing-room and painted my eye over. I remember in 1854 his coming to his brother's, Mr. Edwin Young. I was then in bed with Mrs. Young, and it was about two o'clock in the morning. He came into the room and dragged me out of bed and threw me on the floor. His brother turned him out of the house, and said I should not go home with him wunless he could treat me better. I had been waiting at the house for him to fetch me. I came to England in the summer of 1857. I remember while we were on our voyage his slapping me in the face at the cuddy table. In January, 1858, I had an engagement at Sadlers' Wells, and we lived at 121, St. John-street-road, Islington, where we remained six months. During that time he used several acts of violence towards me. One night he came to the theatre, and saw me leaving with my aunt, Mrs. Reed. He followed us home, and because I had on a thicker veil thaa usual, be said I had it on to conceal myself, and that I had been keeping an appointment with Mr. Bellford. My auut expostulated with him, and he said, "Mrs. Reed, your niece is a -----." When I went to bed he shook me and made me stand an hour before him and take oath after oath that I had not had any improper connection with Mr. Bellford. In June, 1858, I had an engagement at the Haymarket Theatre, and we went to reside at King-street, Holborn. While there I recollect his knocking me down through jealousy of some one, and he hurt my arm against the door. He was constantly saying that he would be hanged for me, and that he would smash me. In August, 1859, I was on an engagement at Liverpool, and a quarrel took place between us in consequence of his jealousy of whom I did not know. He squeezed me by the throat and threw me on the sofa and struck me. We afterwards lived in Newman-street, Oxford-street. I then had an engagement at the Princess's and one at St. James's. On one occasion he put his fist in my face and blacked my features, and said I ought to take one of my men with me as my bully. (Having admitted that she threw the candlestick at the respondent, after which he gave her two blows on the head, she said) - I went down stairs to pay the cabman who brought me home. When I returned up stairs he struck me and I became insensible. When I recovered consciousness I was in the drawing-room bleeding, my bonnet was flattened on my face, and my veil was saturated with blood (sensation in the court). I could scarcely stand, but endeavoured to leave the room ; he would not allow me, saying "That if I attempted to do so be would rip me open." He locked door and went into the bed-room. The key being in the door I opened it quietly, and went down stairs. I went to my mother, in Margaret-street, where I have since resided, except during a fortnight's absence in Glasgow. The morning after leaving Mr. Young I went to his lodgings and asked him to give me the keys of my drawers, as I wanted to change my dress. He refused, and said I might get a separation.
In cross-examination the Witness said that she had taught dancing for a short time at Hobart Town, and with the exception of that time she had been on the stage since her marriage. She had received larger salaries since she came to England than she had done previously. She and her husband were engaged together until she came to this country; when they had separate engagements. The gentleman in whose company her husband found her on the occasion she mentioned, was his wine and spirit merchant.

Mrs. Edwin Young and another witness, at whose father's house the parties resided, gave evidence in support of the cruelty alleged.

Mrs. Eliza Sexton, of 4, Blomfield-place, Pimlico, deposed to Mr. Young having resided at her house, in company with a female, who was not Mrs. Young, in 1860. They lived together as man and wife, and the female gave birth to a child at her house. She knew the gentleman was Mr. Charles Young, because she saw him perform at the St. James's Theatre. The piece was Next Door, and his part was Jack Skylark (laughter).

Mr. Richard Cockerel, prompter at the St. James's Theatre, proved that Mr. Young was engaged there at the time to which the last witness referred, and that nobody else played the part of Jack Skylark at that theatre. This closed the petitioner's case. Mr. Day said that it was unfortunate that in the absence of the respondent, they were left entirely in the hands of the witnesses examined for the petitioner. After that evidence he could not resist the case any longer, and he was not going to call witnesses. He submitted, however, that the cruelty was not of a character to render cohabitation dangerous.
Sir C. Cresswell - Oh, I am certainly of opinion it is.
Mr. Day then contended that there had been undue delay between the separation and the filing of the petition, and that proceedings should have been commenced while his client was in this country. He urged also that there was proof of a valid marriage, and that the parties were not domiciled in England, and therefore not within the jurisdiction of the Court.
Sir C. Cresswell expressed himself of an entirely different opinion, and pronounced the decree nisi with costs.
The court was crowded during the trial, and amongst those present were several members of the theatrical profession.

ASSOCIATIONS: "Gretna Green weddings"; from 1754, when it became illegal to marry if underaged without parental consent, English couples obtained legal marriages ("anvil weddings") at a blacksmith's shop in the Scottish town of Gretna Green; also became a term for underage marriages generally

"Death of Mrs. George Thomson", The era [London, England] (3 April 1870), 11 (PAYWALL)

We have to announce the death of this esteemed lady, who was the mother of the favourite actress, Mrs. Hermann Vezin, by whom and the other members of her family the sudden bereavement is severely felt. Mrs. George Thomson expired on Sunday last, the 27th of March, at her residence, 23, Claverton-street, Pimlico, at the age of seventy, the immediate cause of her death being heart disease. She was one of three daughters of Mr. James Cooke, for many years a bass singer at Drury-lane Theatre, and was, with her sister, the late Mrs. Leman Rede, a member of the Drury-lane company at the time of Edmund Keane's first appearance at that establishment. Marrying Mr. George Thomson, a merchant of Liverpool, she went to Australia with their three daughters. Here she was left a widow, and was compelled to return to the stage. In 1857 Mrs. George Thomson came back to England with her daughter, and has lived with her since. The sad event has caused the greatest grief to Mr. and Mrs. Hermann Vezin, by whom she was dearly beloved.

"DEATH", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 June 1870), 2 

THOMSON. - Suddenly of disease of the heart, on the 27th March, at 23, Claverton-street, Pimlico, the residence of her daughter, Martha Mary Thomson, aged 70 years; widow of the late George Thomson, merchant, Liverpool; mother of Mrs. Herman Vezin, and Mrs. M. L. Goodwin.

1874, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1159619; RGD35/1/43 no 2455$init=RGD35-1-43P22 (DIGITISED)

2455 / 29 July / Eliza Marion Goodwin / 37 years / Boatman's wife / [died] Childbirth . . .

"DEATHS", Weekly Examiner (1 August 1874), 23 

GOODWIN - On 29th July, at her residence, West Tamar, Eliza Marion, the beloved wife Medmer L. Goodwin, aged 37 years. [Melbourne, Sydney, New Zealand, and English papers please copy.]

[Joseph Michael Forde], "MUMMER MEMOIRS. MR. H.P. LYONS' INTERESTING REMINISCENCES . . . MRS. CHARLES JONES AND HER SISTERS", Sydney Sportsman (17 July 1907), 3 

. . . In the early days, away back in the forties, Mrs. Thompson and her three daughters were playing with Mrs. Clarke's Company at the old Victoria Theatre, Hobart Town, now the Theatre Royal, Hobart. Among the company was the late Mrs. Richard Stewart (Mrs. Guerin), Mr. G. H. Rogers, Charles Young, the Howsons, Signor Carandini, Arabin, and others. Of the three Misses Thompson, the eldest married Charles Jones, afterwards a jeweller in Hobart, the second married Charles Young; obtaining a divorce, she married Hermann Vezin. Eliza, the youngest, married Mr. Medwin Goodwin, the son of the proprietor of the "Cornwall Chronicle," Launceston. I have been a visitor at their home many times; they are both dead, long ago. Many pleasant recollections I have of visits to Mrs. Jones at her home. There were two daughters (? three) and one son. I remember Rebecca married Mr. Zeplin, musical conductor, and was accidentally drowned while bathing. Jenny and young Charley disappeared. I know not where . . . I am informed by a good authority, a personal friend, that Mrs. Charles Jones had three daughters, Rebecca, Jennie, and Ruth.

ASSOCIATIONS: Harry Percival Lyons; Frederick Zeplin

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1932), 6 

THEATRE ROYAL, HOBART . . . [letter from J.V.W.] . . . It was built by Mr. Degraves, founder of the Cascade Brewery of Hobart, and was opened in 1833 . . . as the Victoria Theatre with a drama "God Speed the Plough." Its next door neighbour was the Shakespeare Inn, kept by Megson, a celebrated violinist of his day. The foundations are enormously heavy, and there are a lot of tiny cell-like rooms, that reach out under the stalls, some of which have been bricked up of recent years. One of the early lessees, Mrs. Clark, ran a stock company there, largely formed of relatives, who lived there. One of her dancing prodigies was young Clara Thompson, afterwards Mrs. Henry Bracy . . .

NOTE: This is an interesting surmise in its own right; but this was certainly not Clara THOMPSON, rather one or other of these Misses THOMPSON

Bibliography and resources:

Philip H. Highfill et al., A biographical dictionary of actors, actresses, musicians, dancers, managers & other stage personnel in London, 1660-1800 . . . Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press ), 469-70 (James Cooke) (DIGITISED)

THOMSON, Edward Deas (Edward Deas THOMSON)

Musical patron (NLA persistent identifier)

THOMSON, Anna Maria (Miss BOURKE; Anne Maria BOURKE; Mrs. Edward Deas THOMSON; Mrs. Deas THOMSON; Lady Deas THOMSON; Lady DEAS-THOMSON; Dame Anne DEAS-THOMSON)

Amateur musician, patron of music

Born Limerick, Ireland, 1806; daughter of Richard BOURKE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 December 1831 (with her father, governor of NSW)
Married Edward Deas THOMSON, St. John's, Parramatta, NSW, 18 September 1833
Died "Barham", Woolloomooloo, NSW, 3 February 1884, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 April 1836), 3 

UNDER THE PATRONAGE Of His Excellency THE GOVERNOR, And Mrs. E. Deas Thomson. MR. & MRS. WALLACE Have the Honor to announce, that on MONDAY, THE 4TH APRIL, THEY will commence under the above distinguished patronage, their Academy for the Instruction of Young Ladies, in Vocal and Instrumental Music, according to the Logier and Herz . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 January 1836), 1 

For the Ladies.
On New Year's Day will be Published,
Dedicated by permission, to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson. Composed by T. Stubbs.
Published for the Proprietor at Ellard's Music Warehouse, Hunter-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Stubbs (composer); Francis Ellard (publisher)

Abel du Petit-Thouars [12 December 1838], Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate la Vénus, pendant les années 1836-1839 . . . tome troisième (Paris: Gide, éditeur, 1841), 287-89 

Le 12 décembre [1838], il ne nous restait plus que quelques jours à passer à Sydney: j'en profitai pour aller faire un pélerinage au monument commémoratif de Lapérouse. M. Plunkett, attorney-général, magistrat d'une haute capacité, qui jouissait à Sydney d'une grande et juste considération, que l'esprit de parti et celui de secte même n'empêchaient pas de reconnaître, nous offrit de se joindre à nous pour ce pélerinage, ainsi que MM. Thomson, secrétaire-général de la colonie, et Therry, substitut du procureur-général; mesdames Plunkett, Thomson, Therry, voulurent aussi être de la partie, qui devint ainsi une véritable caravane. . . Madame Thomson, fille du général Bourke, précédent gouverneur de cette colonie, douée d'une voix étendue, fraîche et facile, avait un talent de musique trèsremarquable, qui ne pouvait être égalé que par sa complaisance. Quoique nous fussions en plein vent, et qu'elle n'eût pour accompagnement que le bruit de la mer, venant se briser au pied de la roche qui nous servait de salon, loin de se faire prier, elle chanta avec une bonne grâce charmante de délicieux morceaux de Rossini. Madame Plunkett, élevée dans le couvent des Oiseaux, à Paris, ne fut pas moins complaisante, et chanta aussi souvent qu'elle en fut priée.

ASSOCIATIONS: Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars (commander of the Venus); Maria Plunkett (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3 

THE SPACIOUS HALL, SYDNEY COLLEGE, Having been kindly granted for this occasion to
On FRIDAY Evening, 27th May, 1842 . . .
Koorinda Braia, Solo Quartetto, and Chorus- Inscribed to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson.
A genuine Aboriginal Melody, sung by the Maneroo tribe of Australia -
presented to Mr. Nathan, by a highly respectable merchant of this Colony,
and its authenticity identified and fully established by several native blacks -
A Young Lady assisted by the whole vocal strength - Nathan . . .

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (2 July 1842), 3 

"Koorinda Braia," an Aboriginal Native Song, put into rhythm, harmonised, and inscribed to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, by I. Nathan. Sydney. 1842 . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (composer)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1884), 1

DEAS-THOMSON. - On the 3rd instant, at Barham, Darlinghurst, Anne Maria, widow of Sir Edward Deas-Thomson, C.B., K.C.M.G., and daughter of the late General Sir Richard Bourke, K.C.B., aged 77 years.

"OBITUARY. LADY THOMSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1884), 13

Lady Deas Thomson, relict of the late Hon. Sir Edward Deas Thomson, died at her residence, Barham, on Saturday, February 3. She was second daughter, of Governor Sir Richard Bourke, and was 77 years of age. Lady Thomson was an ardent student of music, and for some years was the patroness of all youthful aspirers of the art.

Musical works dedicated to her:

The minstrel waltz, for 1836, dedicated by permission, to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, composed by T. Stubbs (Sydney: For the Proprietor at Ellard's Music Warehouse, 1836)


"No. 8. Mrs. E. D. Thomson", in No. 4 of F. Ellard's National country dances for 1843 (Sydney: F. Ellard, 1843) 

Koorinda Braia, an Aboriginal native song, put into rhythm, harmonised, and inscribed to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, by I. Nathan (Sydney: [n.p.], 1842) (DIGITISED) [cover missing in this copy]

The Barham mazurka composed and by kind permission respectfully dedicated to Lady E. Deas Thomson by Louise N***** (Sydney: printed by J. A. Engel, [1876]) (DIGITISED)

"Barham" was the Deas Thomson's house, in Forbes Street, Darlinghurst / Woolloomooloo

Bibliography and resources:

Mrs. Edward Cox's Journal (written about 1877) [in pencil: 1880]; transcribed by Andrew Houison (1850-1912) 

[c.1836-37] . . . and [I] was then married to my dear Husband and then went to live at Mulgoa Cottage. It was a very pretty place [MS transcript page 37] . . . besides which we had a grand neighbour in Sir John Jamison, about four miles from the Cottage. It was a fine residence, a large Stone house: he entertained in a liberal manner. My husband and I used to meet many pleasant people there among which I remember Sir Francis Forbes, Sir Richard Bourke, W. Charles Wentworth, Esq., Wallace, the Composer of Maritana, Mr. Manning, the Father of Sir W. Manning, Commissary General and Mrs. Laidley and many other Military Men. It was there I first met Lady Deas-Thompson, whose singing enchanted me.

Jane Maria Cox (1806-1888) arrived in New South Wales with her parents, Richard and Christiana Brooks, in 1814. In 1823 the Brooks family moved from Sydney to Denham Court near Liverpool. In 1827 Jane married Edward Cox (1805-1868) of Fernhill, Mulgoa.

M. E. Osborne, "Thomson, Edward Deas (1800-1879)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"Bourke, Elizabeth", Obituaries Australia)

Hazel King, "Bourke, Richard (1777-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

THOMSON, James Alexander (James Alexander THOMSON; J. A. THOMSON)

Musical amateur, architect, surveyor, music publisher and printer, convict

Born Haddington, Scotland, 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 9/14 December 1825 (convict per Medway)
Married (1) Eliza FORDYCE (c. 1801-1852), Richmond, VDL (TAS), 16 October 1832
Married (2) Catherine SMITH WALKER JACKSON (1800-1971), St. George's church, Hobart, TAS, 6 December 1853
Departed Hobart, TAS, 4 February 1860 (per Isles of the South, for London)
Died Helensburgh, Dumbartonshire, Scotland, 15 September 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


A pardoned convict, architect, and surveyor, who in 1843 designed Hobart's St. Joseph's church (1841-3) and the Synagogue (1843-5), Thomson served alongside Joseph Reichenberg, Edmund Leffler, Michael Clarke, and Frank Howson on the organising committee for a St. Cecilia's Day Grand Oratorio at St. Joseph's, directed by John Howson, in November 1842.

Thomson engaged the newly arrived lithographer Thomas Bluett in July 1843, and in the same month issued his only certainly identifiable musical print, John Howson's first set of Tasmanian waltzes. It is highly likely, however, that Thomson and Bluett were also responsible for publishing Howson's second set, the only identified copy of which lacks its title page.

Thomson and John Howson were also active members of the same masonic lodge (and involved in presenting a Masonic Bespeak at the theatre in 1843) and may have been particular friends.

Having long since settled permanently in Tasmania, he died in Scotland in 1860 on what was to have been only a return visit.


Convict record, James Thomson, per Medway; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1440528; CON31/1/42$init=CON31-1-42P113 (DIGITISED)

330 / Thomson, Jas / Medway. [sentenced] 18 Feb'y 1824. Life /
. . . Nov. 28 1826 On loan to Col'l Architect . . . / April 27 1829 [?] to Col'l Architect . . . /
Conditional pardon No. 656 1st January 1835 / Free Pardon No. 468 31 July 1839

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (14 October 1836), 1

J. A. THOMSON, Architect, Surveyor and Builder . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier and Van Diemen's Land Gazette (12 July 1839), 1 

BEGS to inform his friends and the public, that having relinquished the building business, he now gives his whole and undivided attention to the above profession.
Plans, specifications, and estimates of buildings, in town or country, and the work superintended if required.
Artificers' work measured and valued. Houses and estates surveyed, and land subdivided for sale.
Maps, charts, plans, circulars, and every description of lithography and zincography, executed with neatness and despatch.
Houses and estates sold on commission, and cash advanced on unlocated land orders for unreserved sale.
Several Houses and Allotments in the best parts of Hobart Town and its vicinity for sale.
26, Liverpool street, July 11.

"THE GAZETTE", The Hobart Town Courier and Van Diemen's Land Gazette (2 August 1839), 2 

GOVERNMENT NOTICE, No. 175, Colonial Secretary's Office, July 27. Memoranda of Free and Conditional Pardons have been issued for the following Convicts until Her Majesty's pleasure be known:- Free Pardon - . . . James Thomson, Medway . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 November 1842), 1

GRAND ORATORIO AT THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, MACQUARIE-STREET, TUESDAY, 22ND NOV., 1842. THE Public are respectfully informed, that a grand miscellaneous selection of SACRED MUSIC will be performed in aid of the Funds for completing the above Edifice, on which occasion the whole of the professional talent in Hobart Town, both vocal and instrumental, have kindly and gratuitously offered their services.
A programme of the Music will be published on Friday.
Tickets may be had of the Committee of Management:
Director of the Music, MR. JOHN HOWSON.
Nov. 8, 1842.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 May 1843), 1

MRS. CLARKE has the pleasure to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town and its vicinity, and to the public generally, that the various Lodges in Hobart Town, with that benevolent feeling which is the peculiar characteristic of their order, have kindly and spontaneously condescended to honor her with their patronage
TO-MORROW EVENING, 3rd May, for which condescension and kindness she begs to express her deepest sense of gratitude.
The Pieces which they have selected for the Evening's Entertainment, are the highly interesting Domestic Drama, in Two Acts, for the first time in this colony, founded upon the Novel of that name, entitled
After which, an entirely new IRISH LILT, in character, Mrs. F. Howson and Miss Young.
To be followed by A MUSICAL MELANGE.
Song - "Scenes of my youth "- Mrs. Stirling (Benedict)
Song - "The morning's dream" - Mr. J. Howson - (From Lover's "Superstitions of Ireland")
Song - "I come from Alhambra" - Miss Young - (Loder)
Song - "When the dew is on the grass" - Mrs. Clarke - (Lee)
Song - "The outlaw's bride " - Mr. F. Howson.
MASONIC ADDRESS, To be delivered by Mrs. Clarke.
After which, the New SWISS PAS DE DEUX, from the Ballet "Le Chalet," by Mrs. F. Howson and Signor Carandini.
The Evening's Entertainments to conclude with the laughable Farce, from the pen of T. Dibdin, Esq., and for the first time in this colony, called
PAST TEN O'CLOCK; Or, A Rainy Night.
Stage Manager - Mr. F. Howson
Leader - Mr. Deane.
Musical Director - Mr. J. Howson.
Director and Composer of the Ballet - Signor Carandini.
Admission to the Boxes by tickets alone, which are to be obtained of the following gentlemen, who form a committee, one of whom will be in attendance at the theatre from 12 to 2 o'clock on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, for the purpose of letting boxes:
Br. J. A. Thomson, W.M., 33; Br. C. Toby, W.M., 326; Br. J. Eddington, W.M., 345; Br. Mezger; Br. Macgregor; Br. Wm. Morgan; Br. Champion; Br. Beaumont; Br. Basstian; Br. C. Lovett; and Br. J. P. Lester, Ship Hotel.
Boxes, 4s.; Private Boxes, 5s.; Pit, 2s. Doors open at Seven o'clock; commence at half-past Seven precisely. No smoking allowed in any part of the Theatre.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 July 1843), 1

On Sale at Tegg's Music Repository, Elizabeth-street ; at the Author's; and at Mr. F. Howson's, Liverpool-street.
July 18.

"THE JEW'S SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (15 August 1843), 3

On Wednesday last, the 9th instant, a great concourse of citizens were assembled, to witness the novel ceremony of laying the first stone of a Synagogue, dedicated by the Hebrew residents in the colony . . . At two o'clock the Committee of Management met at Temple House, and soon after proceeded to the ground, accompanied by nearly every Jew in this part of the island, in the following order:-
PRESIDENT: Louis Nathan, Esq.
TREASURER: Judah Solomon, Esq.
SECRETARY: Phineas Moss, Esq.
COMMITTEE: Messrs. Samuel Moses, Messrs. Isaac Friedman, David Moses, Philip Levy, Isaac Solomon, D. R. Furtado, two abreast.
ARCHITECT: J. A. Thomson, Esq. . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 November 1843), 1 

New Music. WILL be published to-morrow (Wednesday), Second Series of TASMANIAN WALTZES, composed and dedicated by permission to Lieutenant BAGOT, A.D.C, by JOHN HOWSON, to be had at Tegg's Musical Repository, and of the author at his residence, 2 Antill-street. Parties desirous of obtaining copies of these favourite Waltzes are requested to make an early application, as only a limited number will be published.
November 7, 1848.

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S ORGAN", Colonial Times (11 August 1848), 3 

We feel much pleasure, in stating that the case to this instrument is in a forward state, and may be expected to be finished before the Oratorio. We have not seen it, but we have heard that the design is very chaste, and was furnished by Mr. J. A. Thomson gratuitously and for the funds for the payment, the Society is indebted to the indefatigable exertions of Joseph Hone, Esq. who has taken a very great interest in collecting them. - Hobart Town Advertiser.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Hone (fund raiser); Hobart Town Choral Society (organisation)

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1849), 3 

Hobart Town Choral Society. Hobart Town, July 17, 1849.
SIR, - We Respectfully request you will be pleased to convene a Special General Meeting of the Members of the Choral Society, for the purpose of considering the state of its funds, and for other business connected therewith. - We are, Sir, your obedient servants,
Joseph Hone, Jos. Reichenberg, James Thomson,
B. H. Creswell, J. Marshall, J. Martin, W. Dossetor,
W. Belbin, Henry Elliott, C. F. Creswell.
The Secretary Hobart Town Choral Society.
In compliance with the above requisition, I hereby convene a SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the members of the Hobart Town Choral Society, to take place in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Melville street, on TUESDAY EVENING NEXT, 24th instant, at 7 o'clock precisely. F. H. PIESSE, Hon. Sec. Hobart Town, July 20, 1849.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Belbin (member); William Dossetor (member); Frederick Henry Piesse (member)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 March 1850), 3 

HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY. Committee Room, March 19, 1850.
SIR, - We, the Undersigned, Members of the Hobart Town Choral Society, finding all efforts to carry it on unsuccessful, beg you will convene a Special General Meeting of the Members, for the purpose of making arrangements for disposing of the property, and finally winding up its affairs.
- We are, Sir, your obedient Servants,
Mr. Piesse, Secretary H. T. C. Society.
In compliance with the above Requisition, I hereby convene a Special General Meeting of the Members of the Hobart Town Choral Society, to be held in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, Melville-street, on Tuesday Evening next, the 20th instant, at 7 o'clock precisely.
F. H. PIESSE, Hon. Sec.

"THE LATE MR. J. A. THOMSON", The Hobart Town Advertiser (21 November 1860), 2 

By the last mail, as our readers are aware, intelligence was received in this Colony of the death of Mr. J. A. Thomson, who left us not very long ago on a visit to England. This gentlemen died of typhus fever on the 15th of last September, at Helensburg, near Glasgow. We scarcely think we should be discharging our duty did we allow one who go long resided amongst us to pass away without one word of regret. There are very few people in this city to whom the deceased was not known; and, although it was his misfortune, as it is the misfortune of most of us, to have some enemies, yet it must be equally admitted that he had many and very sincere friends. As an Architect and Surveyor he will long be remembered by the many evidences we possess of his useful career. In the early days of the colony he had the field almost entirely to himself; and, although we do not find amongst his works any that claim to be of a high order, yet there are many that bear ample testimony to his ability in his profession. Amongst these may be mentioned the Protectant Churches of Campbell Town and Richmond, the Catholic Churches of Hobart Town and Launceston, the bridges at Richmond, New Norfolk, Bridgewater, and Dunrobin; the Smelting Works at Exmouth Bay, the Exchange Rooms, the Attorney-General's Offices, together with a number of wharf improvements, jetties, public buildings, and private mansions in Hobart Town and in the Interior, which are too well known to require enumeration, but whuch will bear lasting testimony to Mr. Thomson's talents and industry . . .

Musical publications:

Tasmanian waltzes by John Howson (Hobart Town: Printed for the author by J. A. Thomson, [1843]) (DIGITISED)

? Tasmanian waltzes - second series by John Howson ( ? [Hobart Town: for the author, 1843])$init=AUTAS001131821845P59 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Harley Preston, "Thomson, James Alexander (1805-1860)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


Musician, professor of music, violinist, cellist, double bass player

Born c. 1806/07; son of James THORNE and Sarah PERROTT
Married Sarah HORNER c. 1819-1903), ? c. 1840
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 9 January 1854 (per Chance, from London, age "46")
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 14 December 1887, aged "80" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

THORNE, Louis James (Louis James THORNE; Louis J. THORNE; L. J. THORNE)

Musician, violinist, ? cellist

Born London, England, 8 February 1851; baptised St. Giles in the Fields, 9 August 1854; son of James THORNE and Sarah HORNER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1854 (per Tudor, age "3"; with mother)
Married (1) Elizabeth PLOCK (d. 1881), Prahran, VIC, 17 May 1877
Married (2) Rebecca Ann JARRETT (d. 1887), NSW, 1882
Married (3) Louisa PLOCK, Windsor, VIC, 2 April 1888
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 17/18 June 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Twice son-in-law of Adam Plock


? Baptisms, St. Martin in the Fields, February 1805; register 1800-11; London Metropolitan Archives, DL/T/093/003 (PAYWALL)

[1805 February] 5 / James Thorn of James & Sarah / [born] 2 Dec. [1804]

England census, 30 March 1851, Tottenham Court, St. Pancras; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1494 (PAYWALL)

[2 Pitt Street] / James Thorne / Head / 44 / Professor of Music / [born] [Middlesex] St. Martins
Sarah Thorne / Wife / 31 / - / [born] High Harrowgate Yorks
Emily Anne Thorne / Dghtr / 8 / - / [born] High Harrowgate Yorks
Louis Jas. Thorne / Son / 2 months / [born] St. Pancras

Passengers' list . . . arrived at the Port of Melbourne on the 9th day of January 1854 from London on board the Chance . . .; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

. . . James Thorn / 46 . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Giles in the Fields . . . in the year 1854; register, 1842-55, page 36; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 281 / 1854 Aug't 9 / [born] Feb'y 8 1851 / Louis James / [son of] James & Sarah / Thorne / 78 Tottenham Ct. Rd. / Musician / . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (19 June 1854), 8 

GRAND CONCERT. To-night, Monday, 19th June,
At the CRITERION HALL, For the Benefit of the Criterion Band.
On which occasion only the following talented artistes will appear: -
Vocalists: Miss Hamilton, Mrs. George Cox, Mr. Barsham, Mr. Gover.
Instrumentalists: Herr Strebinger; Mr. Weston;
Mr. Wild; Mr. James Thorne;
Signor Maffei; Mr. George Chapman;
Mr. Johnson: Mr. Hartigan;
Herr Koehler; Herr Harendorff;
Together with the entire Criterion Orchestra.
Part I.
Overture - Massaniello - Orchestra - Auber.
Polka - Chatellen [?] - Chapman.
Favorlte Song - Where the Bee Sucks - Miss Hamilton - Dr. Arne
Duetto - Clarionette and Opheiclide - Messrs. Johnson and Hartigan
Song - Annie - Mrs. G. Cox
Waltz - Summer Flowers - Orchestra
Song - Simon the Cellarer - Mr. Barsham
Quadrille - Exposition - Orchestra - D'Albert.
Part II.
Grand Selections frrom Norma - Orchestra - Bellini
Song - Home, Sweet Home, with Miss Hamilton - harp accompaniment - Mr. Chapman.
Solo, Violin - Fantasia - Leon Lecina - Herr Strebinger
Song - Constance - Mrs. G. Cox.
Schottische - Atherstone - Orchestra.
Song - I have need of all your kindeness - Mr. Gover
Duet - Elfin Call - Miss Hamilton and Mrs. C. Cox
Galop - Cuckoo - Orchestra
Finale - God Save the Queen - Orchestra
Admission, Five Shillings. Doors open at half-past seven, commence at eight.
Leader of the Orchestra - Mr. Weston.
Conductor - Mr. G. Chapman.
Tickets to be had at Mr. Chapman's Music Warehouse, Queen;s Arcade, and of the Gentlemen of the Band.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Chapman (conductor); John Weston (leader); Octavia Hamilton (soprano); Frederick Strebinger (violin); Joseph Maffei (musician); Henry Johnson (clarinet); Joseph Hartigan (ophicleide); Franz Kohler (horn)

"VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, 1861", The Argus (20 August 1861), 6 

List of applications for space received since last published: . . . James Thorne - Colonial-made violin strings, on an improved principle . . .

"VICTORIAN EXHIBITION. LIST OF AWARDS", Geelong Advertiser [VIC] (12 December 1861), 1 supplement 

Class V. - Second-class Certificate: . . . Thorne, James, silver violin strings . . .

"THE GERMAN FESTIVAL", The Age (29 December 1863), 6 

. . . Herr Schott acted as musical director, and in the orchestra the following volunteers took part: - Messrs. Siede, Strebinger, Fischer, King, Hughes, King, junr., Lewis, Littolf, Montague, Jones, Reed, Chapman, Gover, Thorn, Campbell, Koehler, Braithwaite, Tolhurst, Thomas and Richti.


. . . Mr. Horsley, it need hardly be said, was the conductor . . . The principal violin was Mr. Edward King; the organist, Mr. David Lee; and the chorus master, Mr. Charles Radcliffe. In the other parts of the orchestra there was this distribution . . . Violoncelli and Bassi: Messrs. Montague, Hailes, A. Kent, Gover, Hardman, Thorne, Rutter, Plock . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (conductor); Edward King (violin, leader); Alfred Montague (cello); George Button Hailes (musician); Henry Gover (musician); Daniel Hardman (musician); George Oswald Rutter (musician); Adam Plock (musician, from 1877 Thorne's father-in-law)

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1867), 8 

Second violins - Mr. Ryder, Mr. Filhon, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Spyer, Mr. Thorne, Mr. Peters . . .
Contra-basses - Mr. Brown, Mr. Gover, Mr. Hardman, Mr. Thorne, Mr. Scarborough . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1869), 8 

. . . Zeplin's grand Orchestra, in OPERATIC SELECTIONS.
Musical Director - Mr. F. Zeplin. Leader - Mr. T. Zeplin.
Violin - Mr. G. Zeplin. Tenor - Mr. H. Cousins.
Bass - Mr. J. Thorne. Harp - Mr. G. F. Zeplin. Flute - Mr. Zeplin.
Cornet - Mr. J. Richardson. Trombone - Mr. S. Hore. Drums - Mr. P. Canna . . .

"Marriages", The Argus (26 May 1877), 1 

THORNE - PLOCK. - On the 17th inst., at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. Wm. Moss, Louis James, only son of James Thorne, of Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, to Elizabeth, third daughter of Adam Plock, of High street, Prahran. Home papers please copy.

"HERR PLOCK'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Argus (19 January 1878), 5

The elegant music saloon at Messrs, W. H. Glen and Co.'s, in Collins-street, was crowded on Friday afternoon by an audience well qualified to judge the merits of the musical entertainment provided. Herr Plock had surrounded himself with an efficient band, numbering 18 players, nearly all of them being instrumentalists of acknowledged rank. The orchestral selections were Flotow's fine overture to "Stradella," and a selection from "Ernani" by Verdi (a new arrangement by Riviere) . . . The andante and finale movements from the Reissiger quintette (Op. 90) for two violins, alto and two violoncelli, was played by Messrs. Thompson, Hailes, Thorne, L. Thorne, and Miss Emily Plock. Compositions of this class require a great deal of private practice before they are fit for production in public; each instrument should by right be in the hands of a solo player . . .

"DEATHS", Record [Emerald Hill, VIC] (29 April 1881), 1 

THORNE. - On the 16th inst., at Stanmore, near Sydney, Lizzie, the beloved wife of Louis F. Thorne [sic], and daughter of Herr Plock, of this city, aged 22.

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 December 1887), 1 

THORNE. - On the 14th inst., at his late residence, Burlington-house, Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, James, the beloved husband of Sarah Thorne.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 December 1887), 10 

NOTICE is hereby given, that alter the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof application will be made to the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria in its Pobate jurisdiction, that
PROBATE of the LAST WILL and TESTAMENT of JAMES THORNE, late of Burlington-house, Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, in the colony of Victoria, musician, deceased, may be granted to Sarah Thorne, of Burlington-house aforesaid, widow, and Louis Jamos Thorne of 171 York-street, Sydney, in the colony of New South Wales, but at present of Burlington-house aforesaid, the son of the testator, the executrix and executor named in and appointed by the said will.
Dated this nineteenth day of December, 1887.
MALLESON, ENGLAND, and STEWART, 24 Queen steet, Melbourne, proctors for the said Sarah Thorne and Louis James Thorne.

"Marriages", The Argus (7 April 1888), 1 

THORNE - PLOCK. - On the 2nd inst., at the residence of the bride's parents, Louis James, of Sloane-street, Summer-hill, near Sydney, New South Wales, son of the late James Thorne, to Louisa, youngest daughter of Herr Plock, of The Avenue, Windsor, Victoria.

"A PUPILS' CONCERT", Prahran Chronicle (7 July 1900), 3 

The City Hall, Prahran was filled to overflowing on Monday last by a large and fashionable audience . . . The occasion was the second of Mr. George Andrew's pupils' half-yearly concerts, given this time in aid of the Children's Hospital . . . The Prahran P.S.A. Orchestra, under the baton of Mr. Andrews, with Mr. Louis Thorne as leading violin, played excellently, their three items being "The Bohemian Girl," overture, "The Poet and Peasant," overture, and the "Wedding March," of Mendelssohn, with "The Silver Cross" as an interlude. This fine body of instrumentalists continue to show great improvement, and their playing was greatly enjoyed by the large audience . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 July 1903), 1 

THORNE. - On the 27th July, at her residence, Burlington-house, Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, Sarah, relict of the late James Thorne, and dearly beloved mother of Louis James Thorne and Emily Anne Kelson, aged 84 years.

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 June 1913), 1 

THORNE. - On the 17th June, at his residence, Burlington House, Lansdowne street, East Melbourne, Louis James Thorne, beloved father of Mrs. R. ? Keane, aged 62 years. (No flowers, by request.)

Bibliography and resources:

James Thorne, Find a grave 

THORNE, Samuel (Samuel THORNE)

Musician, flute player, soldier, marine sergeant

Arrived Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), 1803 (per Calcutta)
Arrived Derwent River, VDL (TAS), February 1804 (shareable link to this entry)


T. Crofton Croker (ed.), Memoirs of Joseph Holt, general of the Irish rebels, in 1798, edited from his original manuscript . . . vol. 2 (London: Henry Colburn, 1838), 264-66 (DIGITISED)

[264 main text: "1805, Dec. 23"] Leaving the town of Derwent, with all my little good in a boat, a storm arose as we were passing Betsey's Island, which obliged us to go ashore until the weather moderated, and we did not make Frederick Henry Bay until six o'clock in the evening. It lies twenty-four miles from the town. I got my little property safely on board and on the 25th, being Christmas day, I had many serious thoughts about my wife and family. A party going ashore from the ship, to cook their dinner, and dine on the island, near which we were at anchor, Serjeant McGawley and Serjeant Thorn asked me to join them, and I [265, "1805, Dec. 25."] accepted their invitation. The island was called Desolate Island, and indeed I thought so, although we had a good dinner and plenty to drink. After dinner a black American, who was one of the party, played upon the vial, and Thorn had his flute, so that we did not want music to make us enjoy ourselves in this forlorn place. After we returned on board, we had a great dance with all the sailors.

[265 main text, "1806, Jan. 7"] Captain Forrest having got his oil on board, and stowed below, sailed on the 29th for St. Groof, and on the 7th January we got in the Groof . . . We had only ten tons of oil to take in, and while this was shipping, Serjeant McGawley, Thomas William Keilly, one Johnson, and myself, went ashore. The morning was remarkably fine, and there was not the slightest appearance of an approaching storm. We brought a leash of greyhounds with us, and had some noble sport, killing two kangaroos, and shooting some ducks. We suddenly saw the ship move, and immediately this was followed by a hurricane that almost drove her out of the water; she had dragged her anchors, and in another minute [266] would have been lost, but for black Charles, who dropped the bower anchor, and saved her . . .

[264 footnote] . . . [Holt] has stated that he left the colony on the 19th of April, (1804); that he reached Norfolk Island on the 19th of May; and he says that he was fourteen weeks and two days treated as a convict, after which he lived about fifteen months as a free man on the island, which makes the time of his departure from thence, November 1805. The month of December, therefore, in that year, was passed by him at the Derwent, and his return to Port Jackson, must have been in February, 1806.

ASSOCIATIONS: Black Charles (sailor, ? violinist)

Bibliography and resources:

Peter O'Shaughnessy (ed.), A rum story the adventures of Joseph Holt, thirteen years in New South Wales (1800-12) (Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press, 1988), 100 

Marjorie Tipping, Convicts unbound (Melbourne, 1988), 70, 168, 316, 328 

. . . We know that Sergeant Thorne could play the flute, and that an unknown American negro had a viol and Captain Kelly played the accordion . . .

Malcolm Ward, Sergeant Samuel Thorne: a Royal Marine in the Napoleonic wars and a first settler of Port Phillip and Hobart Town (South Hobart: Malcolm Ward, 2007) 

Robert Jordan, "Music and civil society in New South Wales, 1788-1809", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 98/2 (December 2012), 201;dn=060857840144157;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

. . . The black American violinist who entertained a shore party from the vessel Sydney on the coast ofTasmania, in company with the flute-playing Sergeant Samuel Thorne of the Hobart garrison, was probably the 'Black Charles' mentioned later on the same page simply as one of the ship's sailors [footnote: O'Shaughnessy 1988, 100] . . .

Richard Holmes, "HMS Calcutta to VDL / Royal Marines and Fams", posted 6 May 2002 

Malcolm Ward, The royal marine and the convict: Samuel Thorne, James Ward and their heritage at Pitt Water and the Lower Ferry (Orford: Tasmania Family and Property History Research, [2016]) 


Amateur composer, mayor of Sydney, composer of The cornstalk polka

Born Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1819; son of Samuel THORNTON (c. 1783-1842) and Sarah (d. 1827 alias THORN)
Married Mary Ann SOLOMON (d. 1913), Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1840
Died Parramatta, NSW, 23 November 1901 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mayor George Thornton's only surviving musical composition, The cornstalk polka, was named for the tall, slim cornstalk non-Indigenous native youth of the colony - a group to which Thornton, born in Sydney in 1819 of English parents (his father having come free, his mother transported for life) had himself belonged.

A customs agent and shipbroker, Thornton was first elected to the council of the City of Sydney in 1847, and served two terms as mayor, in 1853 and 1857.

He originally composed the polka for, and introduced it at, his Sydney mayoral fancy dress ball, in September 1857, when it was played in an arrangement for a small mixed orchestra by John Winterbottom and his band.

On its second hearing, a month later, at the citizens' return ball, Thornton's polka was played by the brass and woodwinds of the Band of the 77th Regiment under its master Pompeo Cavallini, who went on to perform it widely during their short stay in the colony.

A piano arrangement of the polka was duly engraved and published in by Jacob Clarke in October 1857, with an appropriate lithographed cover illustration by Edmund Thomas, showing a pair of standing cornstalks supporting a maritime vignette of ships in Circular Quay.

The edition quickly went through many printings, Clarke advertising the "tenth edition" in February 1858.

Over the next few years, the music became widely known, as played by bands, large and small, amateur and professional, military and civilian, at dances, public dinners, sports and race days, regattas, flower shows, and other civic ceremonies throughout the colony.

Clarke reissued it in a further "new edition" in September 1862, using the original plates for the music, but with a new colour cover, again designed by Edmund Thomas, and done in chromo-lithography by John Degotardi and the printer Allan and Wigley. As the Herald noted at the time:

though not very original this polka is exceedingly pretty, and has almost passed into a sort of national air.

A few months later, copies of this new edition were also bound into Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863.

It was reprinted again from Clarke's engraved plates in 1868 by his successor James Reading, and remained a popular patriotic selection at public events well into the 1880s.


"MAYOR'S BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1857), 5

The Mayor's Fancy Dress Ball, which had been so long looked for by many as the next great event in our colonial history, came off last night, at the Prince of Wales Theatre . . . Shortly after his Excellency's arrival the ball was opened by the right worshipful the Mayor, and quadrilles, waltzes, and polkas succeeded, accompanied by the music of a band led by M. Winterbottom, which, though wanting in power, played in a lively and admirable manner the well-selected airs. Among the polkas which were executed was one that deserved special allusion - it was that entitled the "Cornstalk," composed, it is understood, by the worshipful the Mayor for the occasion. It was a very pretty plaintive polka, with an exceedingly pretty trio . . . Our worthy aldermen, acting in concert as stewards of the ball, gave valuable assistance. The Messrs. Clarke [sic] were masters of the ceremonies, and were diligent . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom; John Clark (dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1857), 5

PREPARING for PUBLICATION, by permission of the Worshipful the Mayor, the Cornstalk Polka . . .
J. R. CLARKE, Music Warehouse. 205, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1857), 7 

In a few days the following new publications . . . The Cornstalk Polka, by George Thornton, Esq., Mayor . . .
J. R. CLARKE, Music Warehouse. 205, George-street.

"CITIZEN'S RETURN BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1857), 5

In return to the entertainment of the citizens by the Mayor, on the 16th ultimo, his Worship was made the principal guest on a similar occasion last evening . . . The music was also a favourable feature in last evening's entertainment. In front of the lower boxes the sub-committee had caused to be erected an orchestra, part of which, occupied by the leaders in Mr. Eigenschenck's band, projected from the circle of the lower boxes, and was ornamented with banners and floral devices. In addition to the above band, there was the band of the 77th, located in the upper boxes immediately above the German band, and the two alternately played the well selected airs which accompanied the dancing . . . The musical programme included the "Cornstalk Polka," composed by the Mayor, and played at his ball, but which had been re-arranged for the band of the 77th, and was last evening played by them with very pleasing effect . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Eigenschenck (violinist, leader of the "German band"); Band of the 77th Regiment, under its master Pompeo Cavallini

[Advertisement], Empire (24 October 1857), 1 

LYCEUM THEATRE. - THIS (Saturday) EVENING, October 24th.
A GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL ENTERTAINMENT will take place at the above Theatre, under the distinguished patronage of Lieutenant-Colonel STRATON, C.B., and the Officers of the 77th Regiment, by whose kind permission the MAGNIFICENT BAND of the above Regiment will perform . . .
Polka - "The Cornstalk" - composed by his Worship the MAYOR OF SYDNEY (by particular desire) . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1857), 1

NOW READY - The Cornstalk Polka by George Thornton, Esq., appropriately illustrated - 2s. 6d, post free, 2s. 8d. . . . CLARKE 205, George-street.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

The Cornstalk Polka, by the Worshipful the Mayor of Sydney, has been played often and so effectively by the band of the 77th regiment most of our musical readers will be acquainted with it. It is only, therefore, necessary to say so much has it been admired that Mr. J. R. Clarke has been induced to publish it. The music is clearly and distinctly printed, and is accompanied by a beautiful illustrated lithograph of the Sydney Cove, shipping, seen from the junction of Phillip-street and Circular Quay. The drawing is by Mr. E. Thomas, and is faithful and effective . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Clarke; Edmund Thomas

"THE COMING ELECTIONS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", Empire (29 December 1857), 2 

. . . Our Mayor is withal an excellent gentleman, but I fail to discover any peculiar qualifications in him for a legislator. The Cornstalk Polka would be an excellent diversion after a dull debate certainly, and as Orpheus he might relax the muscles of sleepy senators. We want tried men and no tyros. We cannot afford time or place for learners . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1858), 6 

TENTH EDITION. - CORNSTALK POLKA, 2s. 6d.; played with success by the 77th Band. CLARKE, 205, George-street.

"HUNTER'S HILL AMATEUR REGATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1859), 5 

. . . The European Band was present, but such was the enjoyment of all in all that in vain the musicians turned from quadrilles to polkas and waltzes - not even the "Cornstalk," in the presence of its popular author too, could entice a pair to join in a stampede . . .

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1862), 5

. . . A new edition of that very popular emanation from the musical talent of Mr. George Thornton, the "Cornstalk Polka, has issued from the press, and is by far the best that has yet been published; though not very original this polka is exceedingly pretty, and has almost passed into a sort of national air. The title page is very creditable, and will compete with those so elaborately produced in England. There is a view of the harbour of Port Jackson, over which is waving the long and graceful leaves attached to three or four well grown and tall "cornstalks," a term applied to the native youth of this colony, from the circumstance of their generally being very tall, and not particularly lusty; indeed, in the Hawkesbury district it is no uncommon thing to see young people of both sexes, from sixteen to twenty years of age, six feet and upwards in height, slim as an antelope, and almost as active. The picture is edged by an imitation of a carved frame, surmounted by the Australian arms - the kangaroo and emu. These three pieces [the others by Boulanger and Reiff] have been published by Mr. Clarke, of George street, and reflect very great credit on the different persons engaged in their production.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1862), 2 

In preparation, The AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL ALBUM for 1863.
CONTENTS . . . 4. Cornstalk Polka, with illustrative title page in colours, designed by E. Thomas . . .
J. R. CLARKE, music publisher, 356, George-street, Sydney.

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL ALBUM FOR 1863", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1863), 5 

Those of our musical friends who are desirous of patronising colonial art have an opportunity of so doing. The album which Mr. Clarke has issued for the present year not only surpasses all his former efforts in musical publication, but will compare in illustration and printing with many similar works which are usually imported from Europe. The different pieces of music contained in the album, with two exceptions only, were composed in the colony, and many of them possess very great merit. The illustrations are numerous, and are from the pencils of Messrs. Thomas and Terry, artists possessing very high talent. They have been lithographed in a superior manner by Messrs. Allan and Wigley . . . The "Cornstalk Polka, though composed many years ago, still holds its place in the good opinion of the public, and furnishes a subject for the artist . . .

"COMMEMORATION OF THE EIGHT HOURS", Empire (25 May 1864), 4 

Yesterday the artisan carpenters and joiners celebrated the forty-fifth anniversary of her Majesty's birth by a grand excursion to the beautiful grounds of Balmoral, Middle Harbour . . . About two o'clock the dinner bell rung, and there was a general rush to the pavilion . . . About two hundred ladies and gentlemen sat down, and, with appetites sharpened by their sea trip, did ample justice to the cheer provided for them. Mr. Sutherland, M.P., occupied the chair; and, after the dinner was disposed of rose, and in a short speech proposed the usual loyal toasts . . . Mr. Jones, one of the stewards of the commemoration, was next called upon to propose "The land we live in," which he did in an eloquent and patriotic speech. The toast was received with great cheering, while the band played the appropriate air, "The Cornstalk polka" . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1868), 8 

COLONIAL MUSIC. NEW EDITIONS. Cornstalk Polka, 2s. 6d.; Boulanger's European March, 3s; Stanley's Volunteers' March, 2s. 6d; . Darling Point Polka, 2s.; Australian Polka Mazurka, 2s. 6d . . .
J. READING and CO., Music Sellers and Publishers, 356, George-street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1871), 8 

POPULAR COLONIAL MUSIC - Kaikoura waltzes, 3s,; Bombay galop, 3s.; "Love among the roses," Schottische, 1s. 6d,; Australian mazurka, 2s.; Cornstalk polka, 2s 6d. J. READING and CO., Musicsellers.


"Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (17 December 1898), 1459 

. . . To satisfy those who are desirous of knowing what among locally-published compositions have been most successful, and which have the biggest sale at the present moment, I am giving a list kindly prepared by Mr. Alfred Usher, of Messrs. Paling and Co., showing the present order of sale in his experience . . . The first local compositions to have success were the Hon. George Thornton's "Cornstalk Polka" and W. A. Shoobert's "Bombay Gallop," both of which are still saleable . . .


[News], The Brisbane Courier (13 June 1906), 4

"Our Quarterly Review," issued by Messrs. E. Rich and Co., Limited, is to hand. As usual, it is replete with reading entertaining and instructive . . . and two musical compositions "The Knight's Farewell" (Aug. W. Juncker) and " Cornstalk Polka" (G. Thornton) - in fact, there is in it something for everybody.

Musical works:

The cornstalk polka, by George Thornton Esq., the right worshipful the mayor of Sydney (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) (DIGITISED)

The cornstalk polka, by George Thornton Esq., new edition (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1862]) (DIGITISED)

Copies of this edition also bound in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Thornton, George (1819-1901)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Terri McCormack, "Thornton, George", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

George Thornton, Sydney aldermen (City of Sydney) 

George Thornton, Australian royalty 

THRELKELD, Lancelot Edward (Lancelot Edward THRELKELD; Rev. Mr. L. E. THRELKELD;

Collector and recorder of Indigenous songs, languages, and culture; songwriter, missionary, Methodist (Wesleyan) minister

Born London, England, 20 October 1788; song Samuel Joseph THRELKELD and his wife Mary
Married (1) Martha GOSS (d. 1824), St. George's church, Southwark, 1808
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 11 May 1817 (per Harriet, from Rio de Janeiro)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 4 September 1817 (per Active, for Otaheite)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, August 1824 (per Endeavour)
Married (2) Sarah ARNDELL (d. 1853), Parramatta, NSW, 20 October 1824
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 October 1859, aged 71 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


When the words of Two Australian Aboriginal songs, taken down by Threlkeld, were printed in The Sydney Gazette, without translation, the editor's intention was all too apparently to ridicule them as gibberish. Threlkeld continued his work despite such skepticism, notably producing An Australian grammar, in which, concerning Nung-ngun ("A Song"), he wrote (90):

There are poets among them who compose songs which are sung and danced to by their own tribes in the first place; after which other tribes learn the song and dance which passes from tribe to tribe throughout the country, until from change of dialect not one of the original words remain.

And in the 1835 Annual Report of his mission at Lake Macquarie, he observed:

Several of the blacks belonging to this district, headed by McGill, are travelling to Windsor, Parramatta, and Sydney, in order to teach other tribes a new song and dance, which have lately been brought from the regions far beyond Liverpool Plains, where my son has ascertained that the song exists, though the dialect is different to that used in these parts on the sea coast. It is not discouraging to reflect, that when "Knowledge shall increase among these tribes", then the same custom which promulgates the new song will convey throughout Australia "the glad tidings" of a Saviour, Christ the Lord.

In 1843, Threlkeld's daughter Tabitha married James Reading.


"Ship News', The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 May 1817), 1 

On Sunday last arrived from England, via Rio and the Derwent; the ship Harriet, Captain Jones, of 450 tons, with a valuable and extensive cargo of British and other goods. She left England the 17th of November, remained 24 days at Rio, and reached Hobart Town the 21st of March, having on board 45 passengers, among whom were Lieutenant Rolfe R. N. who we are informed intends proceeding shortly for India; five Gentlemen, with their families, to join the Missionary Establishment at Otaheite, namely, Messrs. Darling, Platt, Threilkill [sic], Bourne, and Williams . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 August 1817), 4

THE following Gentlemen, with their Families, intending to leave the Colony in the Brig Active, request Claims to be presented. Mr. Charles Barff; Mr. David Darling, Mr. George Platt, Mr. Lancelot Threlkeld, Mr. Robert Bourne, Mr. John Williams, Mr. John Nichols, Mr. Samuel Henry Leigh.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 August 1824), 2 

The Passengers that have arrived from the Islands, per the Endeavour, are, the Rev. Daniel Tyereman and George Bennett, Esq. the Gentlemen composing the Deputation from the London Missionary Society, and the Reverend Samuel [sic] Threlkeld, and son. The latter Gentleman was stationed at Rhiatea, one of the Leeward Society Islands, in company with the Reverend Mr. Williams, who, was here between 2 and 3 years ago upon a transient visit; Mr. Threlkeld, has been bereft of his inestimable partner, who consigned to his paternal care one son and three infant daughters. This deprivation Mr. T. experienced in March last. He is now on his way to England . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1824), 3

MARRIED. - Yesterday morning, at Parramatta, by the Reverend SAMUEL MARSDEN, Principal Chaplain, by Special License, the Reverend Mr. THRELKELD, of the London Missionary Society, to Miss ARNDELL, Daughter of the late THOMAS ARNDELL, Esq. J. P.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2

. . . the Rev. Mr. THRELKELD, of the London Missionary Society, lately from the South-sea Islands, is on the eve of departing for Moreton-bay, in order to attempt reaching the understanding of that fine race of aborigines, in that quarter, through their own language, which Mr. Threlkeld is determined on acquiring, if within the compass of possibility. This attempt has not yet been made . . .

"POETRY: AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL SONG", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1826), 4


Gnora werrayn na,
Gnah, bah, yah,
Kummah lah nah,
Towwan kurrah te,
Ure wonnan na,
Undong, undong,
Warrun, warrun na!
Bi yah,
Ko be ta
Ting gar rah,
Undong, undong,
Warrun, Warrun na!

The second line is repeated Gnora, &c. and then the first time, and so on to the end, in the Rondo style.


Turah warrah ne
Ah, bah, yah,
Yah, tun do rohl,

This repeats at the second line Tene, and is lower in tone than the other. The exceeding scantiness of my knowledge of their language precludes, as yet an English translation.


NOTE -The favor of a translation of either or both the above Pieces, from any classical Gentleman, will be gratefully acknowledged, if not libellous, by the Editor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Howe (editor)

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 2

. . . They have an idea of an order of beings (Guinyar,) inferior to the Creator, but superior to man. The only kind of worship known among them is the "Waggana," or Native Dance, accompanied by singing to Baimi, who, annually about February or March, reveals to some one native, at a very great distance from Wellington, the song in which all are bound to join under penalty of death. This song is esteemed sacred by the natives, who apprehend that if they should not be present of the singing of it they would die . . .

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 July 1836), 2

. . . Several of the Blacks belonging to this District, headed by McGill, are travelling to Windsor, Parramatta, and Sydney, in order to teach other tribes a new song and dance, which have lately been brought from the regions far beyond Liverpool Plains, where my son has ascertained that the song exists, though the dialect is different to that used in these parts on the sea coast. It is not discouraging to reflect that when "Knowledge shall increase amongst these tribes," then, the same custom which promulgates the new Song, will convey throughout Australia "The glad tidings" of "A Saviour, Christ the Lord" . . .

Also reprinted in, The Perth Gazette [WA] (3 December 1836), 810

"AN AUSTRALIAN ANTHEM", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1851) 3

From published works 1850 below

"DEATHS", Empire (11 October 1859), 1

At his residence, William-street, on Monday, the 10th instant, the Rev. L. E. Threlkeld, aged 71 years, formerly a missionary to the South Sea Islands, and for many years Bethel Chaplain in this city.

[Obituary] "THE REV. L. E. THRELKELD", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1859), 4

. . . The labours of Mr. Threlkeld will, of course, be estimated differently according to the stand point from which they are reviewed. They spread over many years. Called by the London Missionary Society to go to the South Seas, he was ordained for this mission in 1815. After a considerable detention at Rio he reached Sydney, performed Divine service in St. Philip's Church - such was then the freedom of religious intercourse, and after a stay of some months in this colony, entered upon his station at the Society Islands. There he took port in the civilisation of the natives and continued until 1824, when, from domestic causes, he quitted the islands and settled in New South Wales. Here he was appointed to carry out a projected mission to the aborigines. A grant of land for a missionary station was given by the Government, and a considerable sum of money expended. The directors of the London society disapproving of this outlay, Mr. Threlkeld was involved in great pecuniary difficulties, from which he was relieved by money accruing to him upon his father's decease. Mr. Threlkeld spent some years among the natives, and formed a vocabulary and made translations of portions of the Scriptures, which, we understand, have excited considerable interest among philologists. From whatever cause whether that the natives were too near the contaminating vices of civilization, or whether their minds were incapable of appreciating religious ideas, as some have supposed, the mission failed as all such missions have hitherto done. A few were brought under domestic control, and manifested religious sensibilities sufficient to vindicate their place in the family of man. But they melted away; and as the Bible, translated by Elliott, the great missionary to the Indians, is the sole remaining monument of the powerful tribe who were the objects of his solicitude, so we presume, but, at a much earlier date, Mr. Threlkeld's lexicon and translations will be the only remaining memorial of the sable Australian. We do not regret money expended on these attempts at civilisation; they, at least, will mitigate the national remorse in the presence of a mournful fact, which seems to be inevitable. They may soften the decadence of a people who, for all we can see, are destined to disappear from the earth. Mr. Threlkeld was often called upon to act as interpreter in cases where the natives were concerned, and thus performed a task which was most important in vindicating the justice of the country from the most painful suspicions. Humanity is shocked to see an aboriginal subjected to the forms of our judicature, when accused by an evidence which he cannot understand, and condemned by judges to whom he can make no appeal, and we fancy that Mr. Threlkeld's labours in this respect were worth to the colony the slender assistance which he received. In 1842 Mr. Threlkeld left the native station, being obliged to sacrifice in those terrible times of general ruin all the property which he possessed . . .

Published works:

Specimens of a dialect of the languages of the Aborigines of New South Wales . . . (Sydney: Printed at the "Monitor Office," by Arthur Hill, 1827) (DIGITISED)

[Review], The Australian quarterly journal of theology, literature & science (January 1828), 39-55 (DIGITISED)

A statement chiefly relating to the formation and abandonment of a mission to the Aborigines of New South Wales (Sydney: Government Printer, 1828) (DIGITISED)

An Australian grammar: comprehending the principles and natural rules of the language, as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie (Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1834) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

An Australian anthem (tune: "Rule Britannia"; [Sydney: [n.p.], 1850]) (DIGITISED)

When Britain first cast off her band
Of outcasts on a foreign shore,
Sad were their sighs, their father-land,
Their bold hearts sunk to hope no more.
Wo! Australia, Australia, wo to thee!
Doomed is thy land to infamy! . . . [3 more verses]

A key to the structure of the Aboriginal language (Sydney: Printed by Kemp and Fairfax, 1850) 

A copy now in the State Library of Victoria, has a handwritten dedication on fly-leaf "To our dear Sarah and Arthur Gravely with kindest regards from The Author, Sydney, January 1st 1851" (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Arthur Gravely

An Australian language, as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie (near Newcastle, New South Wales: being an account of their language, traditions, and customs; by L. E. Threlkeld; re-arranged, condensed and edited, with an appendix by John Fraser (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Niel Gunson, "Threlkeld, Lancelot (1788-1859)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Niel Gunson (ed.), Australian reminiscences & papers of L. E. Threlkeld, missionary to the Aborigines, 1824-1859 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974)

THROSBY-OSBORNE FAMILY of Throsby Park, Moss Vale, NSW
THROSBY, Mary Hill (Mary Hill THROSBY; Mrs. W. S. BRIDGES)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Throsby Park, NSW, 31 May 1838; daughter of Charles THROSBY (1797-1854) and Elizabeth Isabella BROUGHTON (1807-1891)
Married William S. BRIDGES, St. John's, Darlinghurst, NSW, 18 September 1858
Died Moss Vale, NSW, 26 June 1914 (shareable link to this entry)

THROSBY, Isabel Martha (Isabel Martha THROSBY; Mrs. Alick OSBORNE)

Born Throsby Park, NSW, 1 January 1844 [sic]; daughter of Charles THROSBY (1797-1854) and Elizabeth Isabella BROUGHTON (1807-1891)
Married Alick OSBORNE, Christ Church, Bong Bong, 5 September 1861
Died Hamilton, Moss Vale, NSW, 13 June 1901, aged 47 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

THROSBY, Marcia Charlotte ( = Marcia Charlotte ZOUCH; Mrs. Nicholas Herbert THROSBY)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Queanbeyan, NSW, 18 January 1846; daughter of Henry ZOUCH (1811-1883) and Maria BROOKS (1814-1891)
Married Nicholas Herbert THROSBY (1845-1926), St. Saviour's church, Goulburn, NSW, 14 June 1870
Died Moss Vale, NSW, 22 June 1900, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Go to main entry Marcia Charlotte Zouch


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1844), 3 

At Throsby Park, on the 1st instant, Mrs. Throsby, of a daughter.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1861), 1 

On the 5th September, by special license, at Christ's Church, Bong Bong, by the Rev. T. Horton, Alick, third son of the late Henry Osborne, Esq., of Marshall Mount, to Isabel M. Throsby, fifth daughter of the late Charles Throsby, Esq., of Throsby Park.

"DEATHS", The Daily Telegraph (22 June 1901), 1 

OSBORNE. - June 13, 1901, at her residence, Hamilton, Moss Vale, Isabel Martha, widow of the late Alick Osborne, of Barrengarry, Kangaroo Valley, aged 57 years.

Musical sources:

Isabel Throsby songbook; bound collection of early nineteenth century vocal music formerly belonging to Isabel Martha Throsby; Sydney Living Museums (digitised at Internet Archive) (DIGITISED)

The album includes one title formerly belonging to Mary Throsby:

The bird song, from the new comedy A new way to reclaim a thoughtless husband, as sung by Mrs. Emma Waller, the music composed by M. Winterbottom (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1855]); her copy digitised: (DIGITISED) (IN ALBUM)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom; Emma Waller

See also another album from the Throsby-Osborne collection that belonged to Isabel's governess Elizabeth Gittins: (DIGITISED)

THURKLE, Thomas (Thomas THURKLE)

Violinist, town fiddler, gardener

Born UK, c.1801
Active Perth, WA, by 1830s
Died York, WA, 13 July 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Inquirer (27 September 1848), 2 

To the Editor of "The Inquirer."
SIR, - Upon the arrival of Governor Fitz Gerald at his seat of Government, the tradesmen and labourers of Perth (all of whom, I am happy to say, dwell in perfect union) determined to pay some token of respect to their new Governor; and, after several suggestions, it was by one and all agreed to have a Ball - the only means within their reach of publicly manifesting their wishes. This was mentioned to Mr. Carr, of the Freemasons' Tavern, who said, "You have anticipated me, and my room is at your service; I will provide music and lights gratis, but you must pay for what you eat and drink." The night was fixed, and some sixty or seventy persons met, with the full determination to have a comfortable night's recreation, to commemorate His Excellency's arrival; amongst whom was F. T. and M. S. - two self-named tradesmen, as appears in the Perth Gazette of last Saturday, of whom I now speak "more in sorrow than in anger." F. T. and M. S, after several ineffectual attempts to procure partners for the dance, were about to return home, when they were met by two of our fair sisters, who said, "Fred! Michael! are you not going to the dance!" "No," was the reply; "we cannot find partners." "Poh! nonsense!" was the rejoinder - and away they went. After going down the first dance, the fair ones found they had, unknowingly, come in contact with two thickheaded drones, who knew more about washing bottles and rowing a cask than leading a lively girl through a dance; consequently, after the first dance, they had to sit in a corner, without being able to have another "trot" during the night; and here it was they began to concoct their disgusting and unmanly attacks upon the loveliest of the human race - woman. I am ready to swear before any tribunal, that during the whole night nothing immoral occurred in my presence, and that my absence at any one time sever exceeded more than two minutes. Hoping, Mr. Editor, you will be kind enough to insert the above, I remain, with much respect, a true lover of truth and chastity,

P. S. - If lovely woman commits a fault,
Don't you seem to mind her;
"T'is better you forgive that fault
Than encourage a penny-a-liner.

"THE JUBILEE OF METHODISM IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA", The Inquirer and Commercial News (20 June 1890), 5 

. . . In the evening, he added, there would be a squinting match, "at which Tom Thurkle would not be allowed to compete, he being an adept in the art." In those days Thurkle was our town fiddler, who attended all the dances in the town, and among other personal peculiarities he had a terrible squint in one eye . . .

THURLOW, Charles Alston (Charles Alston THURLOW)

Amateur musician, violoncellist (Adelaide Choral Society), clerk

Born Essex, England, 3 August 1813; baptised, St. Katherine's church, Gosfield, 14 September 1813; son of Edward John THURLOW and Susannah ALSTON
Married (1) Marion TRACY (d. 1862), England, by 1841
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 26 November 1841 (per James Turcan from London, 23 July)
Married (2) Mary GOODWIN, St. Leonards, NSW, 1863
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 March 1881, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"ARRIVED", Southern Australian (30 November 1841), 2 

Nov. 26 - The barque James Turcan, 332 tons, Captain Turcan, from London; left the Downs 26th July and the land 1st August. Passengers - Mrs. McLeod, Mr. McLeod, Mr. and Mrs. Helmore, Miss Helmore, Mr. and Mrs. Thurlow, Mr. Gaskell, and Mr. Pedder in the cabin . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

INSTRUMENTAL. Conductor - Mr. Wallace . . .
Violoncellos - Messrs. Tilly, Allen, Smith, and Thurlow . . .
On Friday Evening, 19th of July, 1850.
PROGRAMME. PART I. OVERTURE, "The Siege of Rochelle," Balfe - THE BAND . . .
PART SECOND. OVERTURE, "La Straniera," - THE BAND . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (24 January 1851), 3

The annual meeting of this society was held at the Freemason's Tavern, on Wednesday evening, Dr. Kent in the chair. A Mr. Thurlow made some remarks respecting the sale of tickets at the last concert, and also on the fact that the offices of Secretary and Treasurer were vested in the one person. Several members expressed their satisfaction at the manner in which the twofold duties were performed by Mons. Paris, and their confidence in him. The Chairman also reminded Mr. Thurlow that the Treasurer did not appoint himself to the office. Mr. Thurlow then moved, the adoption of the balance sheet. The motion was carried, but he immediately asked questions which proved that he had not read the document which he recommended to the meeting. He then objected to the proposed, additions to the Committee, which he said appeared to be packed by a Committeeman. A member occasioned some mirth by proposing Mr. Thurlow, and the laughter increased considerably on that gentleman consenting to act if elected; and it reached its climax on the announcement of his rejection when the votes were taken . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (19 May 1851), 2 

A SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING of the above Society will be held at the Freemason's Tavern, on Tuesday evening next at 5 o'clock, to take into consideration the following resolution, passed by the Committee of the above Society on the 14th of April last.
"Resolved, that Mr. Thurlow's letter not containing any satisfactory reason for his absence, this Committee, consider him no longer a member of this Society, and that the same be communicated to him by the Secretary."
E. PARIS, Hon. Secretary.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (21 May 1851), 3 

A Special General Meeting of the members of this Society was convened to be held last evening, at the Freemasons' Tavern, to take into consideration a resolution passed at a Committee Meeting, held on the 16th of April last, expelling a member, Mr. Thurlow, who having infringed one of the rules of the Society by absenting himself on six consecutive occasions at practice meetings, was considered to have no further connection with the Society. Dr. Wyatt was called to the chair, but, it appearing that two clear days' notice had not been given subsequent to the appearance of the advertisement calling the meeting, the business could not be proceeded with, and the meeting was adjourned till another day, of which due notice will be given in the public papers.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian (23 May 1851), 3 

In consequence of an advertisement calling a special general meeting of the above society, about twelve of the members assembled at the Freemasons' Tavern, on Tuesday evening, when Dr. Wyatt was called to the chair. Before any business was proceeded with, Mr. Thurlow put in a protest to the chairman, declaring the meeting irregularly called, and, after a short discussion, and reference to the rules, the meeting was admitted by the chairman not to be in accordance with the rules of the society, but he considered the gentlemen present quite capable of proceeding with the business before them, and did not see the necessity of going to the further expense of a long advertisement, when the business could be decided by the parties present, and in his opinion with as much justice as if all the members had been there. The business of the meeting, as stated hy advertisement, was to investigate the resolution of the committee, who had considered Mr. Thurlow as having withdrawn from the society, by being absent from the rehearsals for six consecutive nights. Mr. Thurlow considering he had been harshly dealt with by the committee, demanded as a right to call a meeting in regular order, as provided by the rules of the society, which require the publication of the requisition. A vote of thanks was given to Dr. Wyatt, and the meeting broke up, the matter being deferred until the requisition had been published in regular order in the Adelaide papers.

"DIGGERS' LETTERS. To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1853), 5

"POSTAGE RATES. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (28 January 1854), 3

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1881), 7

The City Coroner (Mr. H. Shiell, J. P.) held an inquest yesterday afternoon, at his office, touching the death of Mr. C. A. Thurlow, who expired at the Infirmary, at half-past 4 on the previous afternoon. The following evidence was adduced: - Mary Thurlow deposed that she resides at Milson's Point, St, Leonards; the dead body viewed by the Coroner and jury was that of her husband, Charles Alston Thurlow, aged 67 a years; he was a native of Essex, England, he had formally been a clerk in the lands Office, at the head of the Deeds department, and for the last year and-a-half had been in receipt of a pension from the Crown, he had been in the colony about 30 years, and had left a son and a daughter by a former wife, he was a man of temperate habits, witness last saw him alive at half-past 1 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, at his residence; he then left home to go and hear the Austrian Band, he said he was going to Prince Alfred Park, believing it was where the band was to play that afternoon . . . the cause of death was effusion of the brain, accelerated by exhaustion and exposure . . . The jury returned a verdict accordingly.

TIBBEY, Charles James (senior) (Charles James TIBBEY; Charles TIBBEY; Mr. C. TIBBEY; Mr. TIBBEY)

Amateur vocalist, glee singer, freemason, boot and shoemaker

Born Newington, Surrey, England, 15 January 1804; baptised St. Mary, Newington, 12 February 1804, son of Samuel TIBBEY and Mary OATLEY
Married Ann Maria DODGE (d. 1872), St. Mary, Newington, 14 September 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1838 (per Orontes, from London, 3 December, and the Cape, 17 March)
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 31 March 1873, aged "69" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TIBBEY, Charles James (junior) (Charles James TIBBEY, junior; ? Master TIBBEY)

Boy soprano/alto vocalist, school teacher

Born Newington, Surrey, 1 April 1830; baptised St. Mary, Newington, 28 June 1837 [sic]; son of Charles TIBBEY and Ann Maria DODGE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1838 (per Orontes, from London, 3 December, and the Cape, 17 March)
Married Mary Ann TIBBEY (c. 1832-1879), San Francisco, California, 29 June 1850
Died East Los Angeles, California, USA, 17 May 1910, aged 80 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Charles James Tibbey, senior, was the born in Newington, Surrey, in 1804, the third son of Samuel Tibbey, shoemaker, and his wife Mary Oatley, His elder brother, William Henry Tibbey (1801-1852) and his wife (Mary Ann Stag) had arrived in Sydney in 1832, and opened a manchester and fancy goods warehouse. William later ran a coach service, before sailing for New Zealand in or around 1841. By 1850, William, had settled with his family in California, where he was captain of a merchant ship, but died when his schooner, Sherriff, was lost at Big River on 29 November 1852.

Charles Tibbey with his wife, Ann Maria Dodge, and five children, arrived in Sydney in 1838, and by March 1840, he was trading under his own name as a boot and shoe maker in Market Street. He first appears listed as an amateur choral singer for Isaac Nathan's oratorio, at St. Mary's cathedral, in June 1840.

His eldest son, Henry (1826-1898), was almost certainly too old to be the Master Tibbey who sang for Isaac Nathan's concert in June 1844, who was likely to have been one of his next eldest sons, Charles James junior (1830-1910) and William Henry (1832-1901). Of the two, Charles is the more likely, as he was also identified singing in a sacred concert at the Scots Kirk in 1846.

Charles senior was regularly listed as a glee singer at masonic functions in the mid 1840s, at least once with one of his sons, perhaps again Charles junior. During the 1840, the Tibbeys occupied premises in Market Street, West, in the same building as the City Theatre, where their close neighbours included Charles's masonic colleague and fellow vocalist, Benjamin Such Mountcastle.

Charles junior joined the Californian rush, and sailed for San Francisco in December 1849, taking with him a speculative shipment of building materials and a piano. His goods were lost when his ship was wrecked at Samoa, but he himself eventually landed safely in California, there apparently to join his uncle William and brother Henry, the latter reportedly attempting to earn his living, while recovering from severe illness, by "some musical avocation". In San Francisco in June 1850, Charles married his first cousin, Mary Ann, daughter of his uncle William.

Charles junior and his wife returned to Sydney during the 1850s, but eventually left again for California.


Baptised in Ferbuary 1804, St. Mary, Newington, Southwark; register, 1777-1812; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

[1804 February] 12 / Charles James son of Samuel & Mary Tibbey born Jan. 15 1804

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Mary, Newington, in the county of Surrey, in the year 1823; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Charles James Tibbey of this Parish Bachelor and Ann Maria Dodge of this Parish Spinster
were married in this Church by Banns . . . this [14 September 1823] . . .

Assisted immigrants lists, Orontes, May 1838; State records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Charles Tibbey, married male immigrant, arrived by the Ship Orontes, a native of . . . Surrey, son of Samuel Tibbey, shoe maker of same place; calling: Shoe Maker; age on Embarkation: 30 years, 15 Jan'y last; character and person certifying the same: Mr. Chant, Professor of Music, and numerous other persons . . . good health; religion: Protestant . . .

[next page] Anne Tibbey wife of Charles Tibbey
Anne Tibbey 13 years last Sept.
Henry [Tibbey] 11 years last October
Charles 8 last April // William 6 last April // Alfred 3 last August // One infant died on passage

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (6 March 1840), 3 

. . . C. TIBBEY, BOOK & SHOE MAKER, Market-street, West.

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (16 June 1841), 3 

For the benefit of such members of our community as are not men of business, and consequently eschew the perusal of advertisements, as a so, for the benefit of Mr. Nathan, and all concerned in getting up the Oratorio at St. Mary's Chapel, we publish, amid "the News of the Day" the Programme of what we anticipate will prove to be the greatest and most successful effort to produce a Concert of Sacred Music worthy the attention and patronage of all classes of the people of Australia . . . Vocal Performers: . . . Mr. Bushelle, Mr. Nathan, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Edwin Grobaty (organist to St. Peter's Church, Campbelltown), Mr. Boyce, Mr. Rigley, Mr. Allen, Mr. Falchon, Mr. Tibbie . . . who have kindly volunteered their services on this occasion . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Isaac Nathan (conductor); Arthur Falchon (vocalist, actor)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1844), 3

THE Third Weekly PHILHARMONIC CONCERT in this colony, will take place at the Royal Hotel, on WEDNESDAY NEXT, June the 12th, 1844 . . .
The whole under the management and direction of Mr. Nathan.
PART I . . . Terzetto - "Gia fan ritorno," Mrs. Jervis, Master Tibbey, and Master Riely [sic, ? Riley] - Mozart . . .


MUSIC: Gia fan ritorno (Mozart, from The magic flute)


According to previous advertisement, the Brethren of the abovementioned truly respectable Lodge, assembled in great numbers at their Lodge-room, the "Saracen's Head," at the, corner of King and Sussex-streets, on Monday morning, at 10 o'clock, and, preceded by the very superior band of Her Majesty's 99th Regt., walked to St. James' Church, where divine service was performed . . . In the evening, the Brethren again assembled at their Lodge-room . . . for the purpose of celebrating the 9th anniversary of the introduction of Odd Fellowship in this Colony, by the establishment of the Australian Grand Lodge . . . the excellent band of the 99th Regt. attended, and responded to the toasts . . . After each toast, an appropriate duet, trio, or chorus was sung by Brothers Waller, Allen, Gibbs, Mountcastle, Tibbey, &c. &c., which added greatly to the harmony and conviviality of the evening; the oldest members declaring that it was the happiest and most delightful anniversary dinner they had ever attended.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Waller; John Gibbs; Benjamin Such Mountcastle; Band of the 99th Regiment

"WINDSOR. ODD FELLOWSHIP. OPENING OF THE UNITED LOYAL HAWKESBURY LODGE", Hawkesbury Courier and Agricultural and General Advertiser (26 June 1845), 2 

On Wednesday last, "High Festival" was held in the good town of Windsor, on the occasion of the establishment of an Odd Fellows' Lodge . . . After the Lodge was opened, the assembled brethren marched in procession to St. Matthew's Church, to hear Divine service . . . In the evening between 80 and 90 gentlemen met again at Host Coffey's, and sat down to dinner . . .
The cloth having been removed, the health of "Her Majesty the Queen" was proposed and drunk with the most loyal enthusiasm. Air and song "God save the Queen."
"The Queen Dowager, Prince Albert and the rest of the Royal Family." Coburg March. Song, Mr. Griffiths.
"His Excellency the Governor." "British Grenadiers." Glee "When Albion."
"The Army and Navy." "Victoria March." Glee "How merrily we live."
The Chairman then proposed the "Health of the Ladies" . . . Glee "Here's a health to all good Lasses" . . .
"Prosperity to the cause of Odd Fellowship throughout the world." - Song, "British Oak."
The clergy having taken their leave, the following toasts were drunk, and glees sung: "The Supreme Grand Lodge of Australia." Glee - "Hail to the craft" . . .
"Our absent friends." Song - "Should auld acquaintance."
"Currency Lads and Lasses" . . .
"The Stewards." Song - "Alderman Thumb" . . .
Several local end friendly toasts were then given and responded to, and some excellent Glees, Quartetts, and Songs were sung, and the party separated about half-past eleven, highly gratified with the evening's entertainment. We cannot speak in terms of too high praise of Messrs. Tibbey, sen. and jun., James Waller, and Griffiths, who so ably lent their vocal aid towards the amusement of the company - Mr. Worgan presided at the Piano-Forte with his accustomed brilliancy.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Griffiths; George William Worgan

"Music. AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC CLUB", The Spectator (27 June 1846), 273 

In our last number we alluded to the benevolent intention of this Society, to give a Concert for the benefit of the funds of the Sydney Infirmary and Dispensary . . . the Committee's philanthropic design was nearly frustrated, when Mrs. Burdekin in the most handsome manner granted the use of the City Theatres for the occasion, and on Wednesday evening last this elegant theatridium was crowded to excess by a highly respectable auditory . . . The services of the brilliant band of the 11th Regiment were kindly permitted by Colonel Bloomfield, and we need scarcely observe, therefore, that the effort of Mr. John Deane and his clever coadjutors were ably assisted . . . The Amateurs who assisted, including Messrs. Waller, Griffiths, Tibbey, Mountcastle, Holt, and others, illustrated in a very satisfactory manner the effects of practice in part-singing. The chorus of "Long live the Queen," from "Catherine Gray," was given in fine style, and deservedly encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Deane (violinist, leader); Band of the 11th Regiment

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1846), 3 

Mr. Walton will preside at the organ, supported by an efficient choir of amateurs, who have kindly tendered their services for this occasion.
The proceeds will be appropriated in aid of the funds of the above church.
1. Pastoral Symphony (from the Messiah) - Handel.
2. Quartette - "Sanctus," Amateurs - T. Clark.
8. Chorus - "In Jewry is God known." - Dr. Clarke.
4. Duett - "The Lord is a man of War." - Mr. Griffiths and Amateur - Handel.
5. Chorus - "Sound the Loud Timbrel." - Atison.
6. Quartette - "The Lord's Prayer." Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Griffiths, and Amateurs - T. Cooke.
1, Recitative - "And God said." Aria - "Now Heaven, in fullest glory," (from the Creation), Amateur - Haydn.
8. Chorus - "The Heavens are telling." - Haydn.
9. Solo and Chorus - "O! Thou that tellest good tidings." - Handel.
10. Solo - "Hagar's Lamentation." Mrs. Gibbs - G. H. Rodwell.
li. Duett and Chorus - "Hear my Prayer." Mrs. Gibbs, Master C. Tibbey, and Chorus - Kent.
12. Solo - "Thou art gone up on high," (from the Messiah). Mr. Griffiths - Handel.
l8. Quartette - "While the Evening's Sun's descending." Mrs. Gibbs and Amateurs - Mozart.
14. Duett - "O! Hold thou me up." Mrs. Gibbs and Master C. Tibbey - Marcello.
15. Chorus - "Hail Judea! happy land" (from Judas Maccabeus) - Handel.
16. Chorus - "Hallelujah." - Handel.
Single tickets, 3s. each; double tickets, 5a., may be obtained from Mr. S. Hebblewhite, 460, George-street; Mr. A. Benham, George-street; Mr. John Knox, saddler, George-street South; Mr. D. Cunningham, tailor, Hunter-street; Mr. Nicholas, artist, King-street; Mr. B. S. Mountcastle, 77, Market-street; Mr. Gibbs, Elizabeth-street; Mr. G. H. Hamilton, druggist, Liverpool-st.; and Mr. C. Tibbey, Market-street, where copies of the words can be had.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Gibbs (soprano vocalist)

MUSIC: Hear my prayer (Kent); O hold thou me up (Marcello)


The Eleventh Anniversary Dinner, of the Members of the above Order took place on Wednesday last, at Host P. J. Cohen's Hotel, Pitt-street. About a hundred sat down to the sumptuous repast . . . The pleasures of the evening were enhanced by the presence of the excellent Band of H. M. 99th Regiment . . . An appropriate air was played by the Band after every toast, and a rich addition to the feast was found in the exercise of the vocal powers of the Messrs. F. and J. Howson, F. Allan, C. Tibbey, W. Griffiths, B. Mountcastle, &c., who, during the evening, gave those less gifted than themselves, a rich treat.
Amongst the performances of the vocalists, were - "The fine, old gentleman," (F. Howson).
The duet of "All's Well," (Messrs. Howson).
Glee, "Fair Flora Decks," (Messrs. Allan, Tibbey, and W. Griffiths).
Catch, "Mr. Speaker tho' 'tis late," (same).
Duet, "Hark! through, the woods," Messrs. Howson.
"Life's a bumper," "Mynheer Von Dunk," "Should auld acquaintance," &c., &c.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson; John Howson

MUSIC: Fair Flora decks (Danby); Mynherr Vandunk (Bishop)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1847), 1 

CONCERT. A CONCERT will be held at the "Australian Grand Lodge Rooms" of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, adjoining the Saracen's Head Inn, Sussex-street, This Evening, August 11.
Overture - "Dame Blanche" (Auber) - By the Band.
1. Glee and Chorus - "Alice Brand," (Callcott) - Amateurs.
2. Song - "The Maniac" (Russell) - Amateur.
3. Solo - Violin, (De Beriot) - Master C. Deane.
4. Glee - "Hark! Apollo," (Bishop) - Amateurs.
5. Song - "I'll be no Submissive Wife," (Tully) - Mrs. Gibbs.
6. "Hark, through the Woods" (Cook) - Amateurs.
7. Chorus - "Long live the Queen," (Balfe) from the Opera of Catherine Gray, with full orchestral accompaniaments - Amateurs.
Overture - "Acteon" (Auber) - By the Band.
1. Glee - "Here in cool Grot" (Lord Mornington) - Mrs. Gibbs and Amateurs.
2. Song - "The Spell is broken" (Miss Bellchambers) - Mad. Carandini.
3. Solo, Flute - Introduction and Air, "Swiss Boy," with variations (Richardson) - Amateurs.
4. Duet - "Sol fa," (Barnett) Mad. Carandini and Mrs. Gibbs.
5. Descriptive Song - "The Ship on Fire," (Russell) - Amateur.
6. Trio - "Rousseau's Dream," with variations, in which will be introduced the Cuckoo Solo, Hen and Chickens, and My Lodging is on the cold ground - The Masters Deane.
7. Catch - "Mr. Speaker," (Baildon) - Amateurs.
8. Chorus - "Vive le Roi," (Balfe) from the Opera of the "Siege of Rochelle," with full Orchestral Accompaniments - Amateurs.
In Consequence of the severe indisposition of a gentleman who was to have sung on the occasion, MR. HORNCASTLE has been engaged at a very short notice, and will sing the following songs:
"Ye Tormentors," from Cinderella," Maurice Connor."
Single tickets. 5s.; family (to admit six), 21s.; to be had of the undermentioned Stewards, namely:
Bro. Isaac Titterton; Bro. J. J. Reynolds; B. S. Mountcastle; John Gibbs;
James Allan; J. P. Deane; Thomas Buxton; T. F. McDonell;
William Turton; James Oatley; James Barnett; J. Napthaly;
W. A. Wright; Charles Tibbey.
At Mr. John Turner Grocott's Music Saloon, George-street; and of Brother J. E. Elliott, at the Lodge Rooms.
Concert to commence at eight o'clock precisely.
Leader - Brother Gibbs
Conductor - Brother Deane
T. F. McDONELL, Secretary. Sussex-street, August 10.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Philip Deane (conductor); Maria Carandini (vocalist); Frederick Willian Horncastle (vocalist)

MUSIC: Alice Brand (Callcott); Hark! Apollo strikes the lyre (Bishop); Here in cool grot (Mornington); Vive le roi [Swearing death to the traitor slave] (Balfe, from The siege of Rochelle)

[News], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1848), 2-3 

THE celebration of the Twelfth Anniversary of the Australian Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows, in this Colony, took place on Thursday evening, at Elliott's Hotel . . . During the repast, the band of the 99th enlivened the company with numerous airs, and on the removal of the cloth, Non Nobis, was given in admirable style, by Messrs. Allen, Tibbey, Griffiths, and other musical as well as Odd Fellows. The Chairman, Grand Master Williams, then opened the oratorical department by briefly giving "The Queen," - drank with enthusiasm, the band [3] Striking up the National Anthem.
"Their Royal Highnesses Prince Albert, and the rest of the Royal Family," came next. Glee - "Mynheer Van Dunk," "Prince Albert's March," by the band . . .
the subjoined list of toasts following each other with rapidity, were received with warmth: -
The Right Worshipful the Mayor and the Members of the Corporation of Sydney. - Glee - Alderman's Thumb.
Prosperity to the cause of Odd Fellowship throughout the world.- Song - Down among the Dead Men.
Our respected Visitors. - Glee - Willie brew'd a peck o' maul.
Our absent Brethren. - Song - Boys of Kilkenny.
Currency Lads and Lasses. - Glee - London Cries.
The Stewards. - Glee - Crows in the corn field.
The chair was vacated about one o'clock, when a general adjournment took place . . .

MUSIC: Non nobis domine (catch); Alderman's thumb (Harington); London cries [Rejoice, the morn is breaking] (Selwood); Crows in a cornfield (Philipps)

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1849), 2 

December 4. - Sabine, American brig, 176 tons, Captain Barmore, for San Francisco, California. Passengers . . . C. Tibbey . . .

"EXPORTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1849), 2 

December 4. - Sabine, American brig, 176 tons, Captain Barmore, for California . . . 115 bundles and 128 pieces timber, 65 bundles shingles, 1000 bricks, 1 box glass, 2 boxes hardware, 1 case a pianoforte, Charles Tibbey . . .

"CALIFORNIA", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (16 February 1850), 5-6 

In consequence of the numerous inquiries daily made at our office by the friends and relatives of persons who went from this quarter to California, respecting their welfare, places of residence, and pursuits, we subjoin the names, &c., of such parties as were seen and known by some of the passengers arrived here per the Union, who have kindly communicated the same to us for general information . . . Mr. Charles Tibby was employed in teaching, and doing well . . . [6] . . . Henry Tibbey was employed in a small schooner trading in the river, and doing well . . .

"LATEST PRIVATE INTELLIGENCE FROM CALIFORNIA", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (2 March 1850), 2 

By letters and passengers arrived here by the Spec from San Francisco, we learn that . . . Mr. H. Tibbey, who had been working up the river, had suffered severely from sickness, but was recovering, although much emaciated, and was procuring a living by following after some musical avocation; his brother Charles had got into the employment of the customs department, at 25 dollars a week . . .

"WRECK OF THE AMERICAN BRIG SABINE", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (6 April 1850), 14 

By the Mazpppa, which arrived on Saturday last; news has been received of the total wreck of the above named vessel, on a reef off the island of Upolu. The passengers and crew were all saved, also a portion of the cargo, but it was damaged to that extent that it did not realise much . . . The following is a list of the passengers on board at the time of the wreck . . . C. Tibbey . . . Cargo . . . 115 bundles and 128 pieces timber, 65 bundles shingles, 1000 bricks, 1 box glass, 2 boxes hardware, 1 case a pianoforte, Charles Tibbey . . .

"MARRIED", Daily Alta California (3 July 1850), 2 

On the 29th June, by Rev. Dr. Vehr Mehr, Mr. CHARLES J. TIBBEY to Miss MARY ANN TIBBEY, both of this City.

"LOSS OF THE SCHOONER SHERRIFF", Daily Alta California (25 December 1852), 6 

The schooner Sheriff was lost on the 29th of November, at Big River, about 120 miles north of this port. The vessel was lost during a severe gale, dragging her anchors, having three out. Capt. Tibbey and William Orr, a passenger were drowned by a boat capsizing in the surf. Capt. Tibbey has a family in this city . . .

"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (17 October 1856), 2705 

In the matter of the Petition of Charles Tibbey, of Sydney, in the Colony of New South Wales, licensed victualler, praying that the Estate of Charles James Tibbey, of Liverpool-street, Sydney, coal and timber merchant, may be sequestrated for the benefit of his Creditors . . .

Applications for the situation of teacher in the National Schools (Charles James Tibbey, Mary Ann Tibbey, 27 April 1858); State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

25 Judge Street, Woolloomooloo, April 27th 1858.
GENTLEMEN, I have the honor to apply to you for the situation of Teacher in a National School . . .
Charles J. Tibbey / [Married] / 28 / [born] London / Presbyterian / [Where trained as teacher] Sydney / [Period of residence in the colony] Sixteen [years] / [Where employed an for what period of time as teacher] Mr. P. Steel Training School Sydney Ten Years in All / [By whom recommended] Rev'd Dr. Fullerton, Charles Tibbey Senior
Mary Ann Tibbey / [Married] / 27 / [born] London / Presbyterian / [Where trained as teacher] - / [Period of residence in the colony] Twelve [years] / . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1873), 1

On the 31st March, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. T. Etherington, St. Leonards, North Shore, Mr. CHARLES TIBBEY, aged 69.

TIBBS, Andrew (Andrew TIBBS)

Musician, bandsman (48th Regiment)

Born Shoreditch, London, England, c. 1793
Enlisted 1812
Regiment's tour of duty in NSW, 1817-1824
Discharged 1835, aged 42 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 48th Regiment


Paylist of the 48th Regiment, 25 December 1817 to 24 March 1818; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office (DIGITISED)

Tibbs, And'w . . .

NOTE: Band membership not indicated in this paylist

UK National Archives, WO 97/628/54 

Andrew Tibbs, born Shoredtich, London and Middlesex, served in 48th Foot Regiment, 1812-35, discharged aged 42

Bibliography and resources:

Clem Sargent, The colonial garrison 1817-1824: the 48th Foot, the Northhamptonshire Regiment in the colony of New South Wales (Canberra: TCS Publications, 1996) 

Clem Sargent, "The British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service - soldiers", Sabretache 43/3 (September 2002), (40-48), 44;dn=200209195;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL) British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service. . .-a092202202

. . . A typical example was the sentence on Private Andrew Tibbs, 48~ Regiment, in Sydney by Regimental Court Martial on 14 June 1818, for "Making away with or thro' [sic] neglect losing a part of his Regimental Necessaries" awarded 150 lashes of which 50 were inflicted and 100 remitted; but he was also sentenced to 24 days solitary confinement for "Refusing to go to Practice when ordered by the Drum Major". Again he only suffered a part of the sentence, serving 14 days in the "Dark Hole" . . . (Regimental Court Martials in the 48th Regiment, 9 August 1817 to 20 December 1820, CO 201/132)

TICKELL, John (John TICKELL; also John TICKLE, TICKEL; reported incorrectly as George TICKEL/TICKLE)

Musician, bandmaster, key bugle player, organist (St. James's Church, Melbourne), stonemason, plasterer

? Born Ilsington, Devon, England, 9 April 1816
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 21 January 1840 (per John Bull, from England)
Married Isabella RAE (1818-1853), St. James's church, Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 16 May 1841
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 November 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


According to the chronicler John Waugh (who played clarinet in another of Tickell's later bands), Tickell was leader of the first Melbourne band (some later sources identify him as "George Tickle". A NSW convict, George Tickell, was reported in Port Phillip region briefly in 1839-40, but John was the musician.

Edmund Finn's 1888 account (apparently based on Waugh's recollections) reports that Tickell performed at Anne Remens Clarke's concert in December 1839. However, this slightly anticipates Tickell's likely arrival in the colony, in January 1840.

Finn also reported that Tickell was leader of the Temperance Band before he "became unsteady". John and his wife, Isabella, both became notorious alcoholics, "a few years ago", according to the 1853 report below.

Prior to that, John was organist of St. James's cathedral; their daughter Elizabeth (d. 1927, Mrs. Thomas Hamilton) was their last child baptised at St. James, in December 1847.

Their only other surviving child was daughter Isabella (1843-1926; Mrs. Frederick Palmer).

Their first daughter, born in 1842 (d. 1843), was named "Mary Nathan", plausibly, given John's claim to teach singing from the Musurgia vocalis, after its author Isaac Nathan.

A son, Edward, born in 1846, died at the Benevolent Asylum, in 1854, aged 8.


Register of births, Hen Street Chapel (Baptist), Bovey Tracy, Devon; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

John, the son of William and Mary Tickell of the Parish of Ilsington and County of Devon was born the [9 April 1816] registered the [30 June 1816] . . .

List of bounty immigrants per the ship John Bull, January 1840, Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Unmarried Males . . . 3 / John Tickall / 26 / Mason / Kingsbridge Devon / Protestant / Both [read and write] / [bounty] £18

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (16 May 1840), 2 

Vocal Concert. J. TICKELL, TEACHER of Singing according to the "Musurgia Vocalis," late Leader of the South Devon Club, having secured the assistance of MR. CRAMP, the celebrated Comic Singer, has the honor to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Melbourne and its vicinity, that at the request of several, they will give an Evening Vocal Concert, at the LAMB INN, on MONDAY EVENING next, the 18th instant, at Seven o'clock precisely.
Tickets Five Shillings, may he had at the Lamb Inn, and at the Office of the Patriot. For programme see hand bills.

"CONCERT", Port Phillip Gazette (3 June 1840), 3 

Messrs. Tickell and Cramp gave a concert at William's Town, on Friday evening last. We learn that their efforts on this occasion were highly successful, and warmly applauded by their audience, which would have been more numerous but for the boisterous and inclement state of the weather.

ASSOCIATIONS: Adie Cramp (vocalist, also arrived on the John Bull); Isaac Nathan, author of Musurgia vocalis

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (21 December 1840), 3 

MONSIEUR & MADAME GAUTROT have the honor to announce, that their second Musical Soiree will be held at the Adelphi Hotel, On THURSDAY Evening, the 24th inst. After the Concert, the band consisting of Messrs. Tickell, Hulley, Milsted, Boreham, and Drane, will perform quadrilles and country dances during two hours.

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph and Madame Gautrot; James Hulley

"To the Editor of the Herald", Port Phillip Gazette (6 June 1840), 3 

"Morality deemed him an ocean of evil,
A Pandora's Box. yes, a limb of the devil;
A den where the vipers of wickedness breed,
Immoral to practice - a libel in creed."
SIR. - To use your own words, I should not think I acted fairly if I passed over in silence the infamous and uncalled for attack, in yesterday's Herald, made upon parties who came forward, not for gain, but only at the repeated request of several gentlemen in Melbourne, to get up a single evening's amusement. As to your former assertions, "obscure and filthy songs" at the Lamb Inn, I appeal to the public; for you cannot make good such assertions. And, as it regards being drunk at Williams Town (to say nothing of the attempt to sing, and other infamous lies of your own invention) I defy any man to prove. Both you and I have been known for many years by individuals now resident in this place; and I leave the public to judge which has hitherto borne the best character. But I must add that
       Your speech,
Larded too frequently, and out of time
With serious phraseology, are rents
That in your garmrents ope, in spite of you;
Through which the well accustom'd eye can see
The rottenness of your heart.

"PUBLIC CONCERT", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (28 December 1840), 2 

Monsieur Gautrot's second soiree took place on Thursday evening last, when a numerous audience assembled to listen to the delightful performances of Monsieur and Madame. The selection of music was good, and the execution brilliant. After the concert, the services of the Melbourne Quadrille Band were put into requisition, and the dancing was kept up with much spirit until a late hour.

"THEATRICALS", Port Phillip Gazette (22 September 1841), 3 

The Pavillion was opened on Monday evening, and the amusements went off pretty well, with the exception of a "leetle" of the vulgar from Mr. Miller. A lady and child sung very prettily, and would, with practice, sing effectively. The star of the evening Tickle, a most amusing personage, who bustled about from orchestra to stage, and from stage to orchestra, with a perseverance much to the delight of all beholders. We hail this as the dawn of a brighter day in the theatrical world oF Melbourne, and we hope when Sir George arrives that he will grant us the indulgence so long looked for.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (22 September 1841), 1 

HAS the honor to announce that a Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music will take place THIS EVENING, Sept. 22nd, at Messrs. Benjamin's extensive new Stores, Williams Town, at half-post seven o'clock.
1st PART.
1. - Simphonie - CHERUBINI.
2. - -Glee, Perfida Clori - AMATEUR
3. - Duetto - BOILEDIERE.
4. - Solo de Violon (M. Gautrot) - RODE.
5. - Ditenti Palpiti (ditto) - ROSSINI.
6. - English Glee (Amateur) - BISHOP.
2nd PART.
1. - Simphonie
2. - Glee (Amateur)
3. - Song (ditto)
4. - English duet (2 ditto)
5. - English Romana (ditto)
6. - French Song (M. Gautrot) - ROSSINI.
7. - Glee (Amateur) - MARTINI.
8. - God save the Queen, (3 voices.)
Tickets 10s. 6d, each, to be procured at the Albion Hotel, at Mr. Walter Butler's, and at Mr. Levien's, Williams Town.

"CONCERT", Port Phillip Gazette (25 September 1841), 3 

It affords us great pleasure to state that the Concert given at Williams Town, on Wednesday evening last, afforded universal satisfaction; it commenced with a concerted piece of music, arranged by Monsieur Gautrot, for three instruments, which was very cleverly executed by Gautrot, Hailes, and Tickel. Without being accused of flaterry, we can speak in the most unqualified terms of Madame Gautrot; we heard her sing a solo in a tone of sweetness we have seldom heard surpassed. The other artistes were each excellent in the various songs they sung; the music, also, was much applauded. About fifty persons were present, a number of them from Melbourne, all of whom expressed their entire approbation. We trust we shall see M. Gautrot and friends paying us another visit previous to his embarkation for India.


"INFORMATIONS", The Argus (4 August 1849), 2

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Peter's Melbourne . . . in the year 1849; register, 1848-59, page 20; St. Peter's Eastern Hill (PAYWALL)

No. 298 / December 21 [1849] / [born] November 25, 1849 / John James / [son of] John & Isabella / Tickell / Spring Street / Plaisterer . . .

"HEARTLESS CONDUCT", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (26 September 1850), 2 

A respectable and well conducted woman of the name of Tickle, with four young children dragging after her, and all decently dressed, appeared before the sitting magistrate yesterday morning for the purpose of obtaining a settled stipend from her husband for her and her family's support. The husband was in court, and behaved during the painful exhibition in the most heartless and indifferent manner - bursting into fits of laughter, and answering every observation in the most supercilious manner. He appeared to be considerably under the influence of liquor; but of coarse, if the justices do not consider their dignity compromised by such scenes in Court, no one else need. It was finally arranged that Tickle should pay the sum of sixteen shillings and sixpence weekly, for his family's support.

"DRUNKARDS", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (23 November 1850), 2 

On Thursday last, Thomas Moses was fined 5s. John Tickle (being his third offence) 15s. . . .

"LUNACY", The Argus (20 March 1851), 2 

Yesterday, John Tickle was brought up at the Police Court, on a charge of outrageous conduct, while labouring under temporary insanity, and was discharged.

"MAINTENANCE", The Argus (9 May 1851), 4

Isabella Tickell, appeared before the beach on Wednesday, to sue her husband for maintenance; the case was remanded until Friday, and Sergeant Tucker was requested by the bench, to go to the house, to see how things were, and report to the bench on Friday.

"MAINTENANCE", The Argus (10 May 1851), 2 

On the case of Isabella Tickle against John Tickle being called yesterday, there was no appearance of the complainant Isabella Tickle, who sued her husband for maintenance. The bench had, on Wednesday, directed Serjeant Tucker to go and see how things were at the house, and report to them; the Serjeant reported that the children of the defendant were clean, had plenty of bread, and that a person was in care of them; the female had not conducted herself properly, and had taken up with another man. The charge was dismissed.

"UNNATURAL PARENTS", The Melbourne Daily News (18 June 1851), 2 

A wretched dissipated woman named Isabella Tickle, the mother of five infant children, was on Saturday morning brought before the police court on warrant to answer the complaint of Catherine Morris, for threatening to take her life. Witness having deposed to the fact, proceeded to state that both defendant and her husband were constantly in a state of intoxication, and that in the mean time, the wretched children were either locked up and starving at home, or otherwise roaming about the neighbourhood in quest of food. This statement was in a great measure corroborated by Mr. Belcher who described the pair as complete pests to society. The Chief Constable also observed that he had frequently known defendants children to be left for eight and forty hours with no other sustenance than that afforded by the charity of the neighbours. Defendant who appeared lost to all sense of shame retorted on complainant "that it was all owing to her." She had put mischief between Tickle and herself, and if she (defendant) had since taken to drinking, it was only with a view to drown care. The magistrate (Dr. Greeves,) after commenting in severe terms, on the unnatural depravity of such conduct, ordered defendant to find bail in the sum of £20, or otherwise to be committed to gaol.

"DRUNKARDS", The Argus (31 August 1852), 3

Robert Gunning, James Murphy, John Yorston, Charles McShane, Thomas Davis, Mary Ann Lewis, Jane Richards, Francis Henderson, Wm. Whigg, James Brown, and John Tickell, were yesterday charged before the Mayor with being drunk and disorderly and fined ten shillings each.

An inquisition . . . at the Start & Garter Inn, Richmond, 21 July 1853 . . . the body of Isabella Tickell; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

[jury verdict] . . . that the deceased came to her death "through exposure to the inclemency of the weather while in a state of intoxication" . . . A. H. Campbell, Coroner . . .

"AWFUL EFFECTS OF INTEMPERANCE", The Argus (22 July 1853), 5

Dr. Campbell, the Coroner for North Bourke, yesterday afternoon held an Inquest at the Star and Garter Hotel, Richmond, on the body of Isabella Tickle. The circumstances connected with this death are of the most melancholy and horrible kind which it has been our lot to record for a long time past. The deceased was the wife of John Tickle. In the first settlement of this city, John Tickle was a respected and respectable member of the little community. He then owned considerable property in Stephen-street and other parts of the city. He was in fact independent, or nearly so. He was organist at St. James's, and was then cheerfully received into the first society in the place. About twelve years since he became intemperate. From that time his career has been downward. By degrees the whole of his property was sacrificed to his thirst for liquor, and he became a confirmed drunkard. This, a few years since, drove his previously respectable wife to intemperate habits also.

For some two or three years past they have both been known to the authorities as habitual drunkards, and have for some time past, with their four young children, inhabited a most miserable hovel on the northern side of Collingwood flats; existing there in the greatest wretchedness. The last which appears to have been seen of the deceased while alive was on the evening of Wednesday last, when she visited the Star and Garter Hotel, at Richmond. Mr. Bell, the landlord, stated that she was then perfectly sober; had but one glass of ale there; waited there three hours, as she said, for her husband, who she expected to call there for her. It may be mentioned here that the Star and Garter is at least one mile and a half from her residence, and that the intervening space is all flat level ground, full of pools and swamps. In the evening Mr. Bell had to desire her to leave the place, as it waw getting late, and because she could not stop there all night. She then left, and after that she was not seen again alive, unless an unauthenticated rumor is to be believed which represents her after that to have visited several cottages in Richmond Flat, begging for bread or whiskey.

The night of Wednesday, it will be remembered, was inclement in the extreme. It rained heavily at intervals; and the showers of rain were accompanied by bitterly cold gusts of wind. It should also here be stated, that the unfortunate deceased was, at the time referred to, accompanied by a pretty little half-clad, shoeless daughter, her youngest child, aged about five or six years. The next event in this melancholy drama was, the knocking by this child at the door of a Mrs. Porritt, on Richmond Flats, at between one and two a.m. on Thursday morning. The poor child asked to be allowed to come in and wait until her mother came by. She said her mother had fallen against a fence close by, and could not get up. Mrs. Porritt's husband is employed at night work on the Argus, and from her living in a lone place, waiting for the return of her husband, and not knowing who might be about beside the child, she answered her from the window and told her to go to a tent about two hundred yards distant, where there were a man and woman who would find and take care of her mother. Mrs. Porritt listened, and thought she heard the little creature go towards the tent. But it was not so. The little child wandered about until 7 a.m. yesterday, when she again visited Mrs. Porritt's dwelling. Her clothes were then completely saturated with rain, and she so benumbed with cold as to be for some time unable to speak. Mrs. Porritt performed the part of a good Samaritan; took her in, fed and clothed her, and kept her until about 11 o'clock when her father called for her.

Soon after that, the corpse of a female was carried along by the police, and Mrs. Porritt rightly conjectured that it was the dead mother of the unfortunate child who had visited her. It subsequently appeared that about ten o'clock in the forenoon, a butcher was visiting Mr. Rule, the gardener, for orders, saw the mother lying dead; told Mr. Rule, and he at once caused the police to remove the body.

On the inquest, the wretched father was introduced, but the Coroner refused to allow him to be sworn, because of his being then under the influence of liquor. The Coroner lectured him severely as to his past career, reproaching him on account of the wretched end to which he had brought his formerly amiable wife, and now motherless children. He cried, and promised amendment. The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the above facts, namely, that the death of the deceased was caused by intemperance and exposure to the inclemency of the weather.

Inquest held at Melbourne, on the body of John Tickell aged 45 years, 10 November 1855; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

W. B. Wilmot Coroner . . .

Thomas Roberts, Lay Missionary of Melbourne . . . I have known deceased for about 2 years. His name was John Tickell aged about 45 years. He was a widower with three children - following the occupation of a bricklayer. he was much addicted to drinking - and was often in a state of the lowest degradation.

Robert Brackinrig, Carpenter . . . The deceased has been living with me for the last two days. He was in a very wild state which he said was the horror from drink. I sat up with him last night but this morning finding him worse I gave him in charge to the Police. I have known him for the last two months and he has always been much addicted to drinking.

Alexander Fisher, Surgeon . . . I was called to see deceased yesterday about four o'clock. He was at that time suffering from a nervous tremor the effect of too much drinking . . .

William G . . . House Surgeon of the Hospital . . . Deceased was admitted in Hospital about 10 o'clock but he died before I could see him. I have since made a post mortem . . . left lung was in the third stage of pneumonia. The right lung was healthy. The liver was nearly three times its natural size and completely broken down in structure. The other parts of the abdomen were healthy. The brain and its membranes were in a highly congested state. The cause of death was congestion.

[jury verdict] . . . that John Tickell died from congestion of the brain caused by the excessive use of ardent spirits.

Bibliography and resources:

"OLD TOWN BANDS", The Herald (23 June 1883), 3 

The first Town Band in Melbourne was formed in 1839, and consisted of about a dozen players, the names and instruments of some of them being Milstead, bass trombone; Oliver, tenor trombone; Browne, bassoon; Griffiths and Tickel, key bugles (cornets being then unknown); Picknell and Smith, clarionets; Drane, picolo; Holley [sic] and Wilkinson, flutes; Anderson (a man of color, y'clept "Black Jack"), big drum; Hamilton, sidedrum; and Samuel, triangle. One or two of the men are still alive. George Tickel, a plasterer by trade, was the leader, and he arranged all the music required by the band with the sole aid of his key-bugle, on which he was a splendid performer, and indeed could play any instrument in the band. Some old colonists will remember his achievements at many of the early land sales, and as liquors of all descriptions were provided by the auctioneers, poor Tickel acquired a habit of drinking which shortened his days. The band made its first public appearance on the streets of Melbourne late on Christmas Eve, when it paraded the town accompanied by as large a turn out of the roving populace as could be mustered. Starting from the Golden Fleece, an hotel of dubious belongings in Bourke street near Kirk's Bazaar, they proceeded westward to William street turning down Lonsdale street, at that time the chosen locus for private residences, and where there were half-a-dozen comfortable cottage villas erected. One of these was occupied by Mr. H. N. Carrington, a then well-known attorney, who, as the bandsmen passed, gave them an acceptable greeting by rolling out a cask of wine into the street, and the welcome Christmas-box was quickly tapped and disposed of. Resuming their promenade, on they went into Spencer street, adjoining which, on what was known as "the Government block," was a stockade of convicts, then employed on street-making and other public works. Those fellows, not knowing what was up, sallied forth in a rather undress condition, and, dashing by the half drunk, sleepy sentry or two supposed to be on guard, struck in with the moving assemblage, and added a new feature to the procession. The line of march was continued southward to Little Flinders street, then a locality of importance, when halt was called at the Ship Inn kept by a jolly-faced, free-handed boniface named Lee, and here after a promiscuous liquoring up, and making other festive calls of a like kind, a noisy dispersion wound up the serenading. The music usually discoursed by this band consisted principally of marches from Puritani and Somnambula, "Duke of York's March," "Copenhagen Waltz," and they almost invariably wound up with the fine old English glee, Dame Durdon. Tickty's band as it was termed obtained many engagements at balls, dinners, races, regattas, and municipal elections etc. Some of the band had employment at the Pavilion and Queen's Theatre, and after a few year's life it gave up the ghost. A second and more select band was organised in 1841, of which the Messrs. Middlemiss, Mr. Stainsby and Mr. Roberts of a well-known firm Roberts and Fergusson were members, but though less eventful than Tickle's, it came to an end by the removal of members to the country and other causes. There were besides two Temperance bands established some account of which will be given in a future chapter.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Middlemiss (musician); Robert Stainsby (musician)

MUSIC: The Copenhagen waltz (anon.); Dame Durden (Henry Harington)

"Garryowen", [Edmund Finn], The chronicles of Early Melbourne, 1835 to 1852, historical, anecdotal and personal . . . Centennial edition (Melbourne: Fergusson and Mitchell, 1888), 487, 489 (digitised volume 1), 539, 575, 982 (digitised volume 2) (DIGITISED)

[486] . . . The first recorded notice of a Vocal and Instrumental Entertainment given in Melbourne was on the 23rd December, 1839, when a Mrs. Clarke, announced as "One of the lights of the Sydney stage," treated [487] the inhabitants to a ten-shilling "grand soiree" in the large room of the Lamb Inn (West Collins Street). Considering the population and tastes of the time, there was a tolerable attendance, but the value given was of the most meagre kind. The valetudinarian piano, disordered in some of its strings, was amply compensated, at least in sound, by a Mr. Tickel, who plied a key bugle with much animation. On the evening of the 18th May, 1840, the same Tickel organized a concert entertainment at the same place, of which the following brief and unmincing notice was printed in a newspaper the following day: - "The room was crowded to witness one of the most disgusting exhibitions of tomfoolery seen for some time" . . .

[489] The first Town Band in Melbourne was formed in 1839, and consisted of about a dozen players . . . [as 1883 above]

[539] . . . "Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne . . . land was purchased in Russell Street . . . and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall . . . The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony. They were the first to introduce saxe-horns here. They formed a quartette, consisting of P. Hore, first horn; J. Hore, second; S. Hore, tenor; and R. Hore, Senr., bass. . . .

[575] . . . The first steamer built on the Yarra was the "Vesta," an iron paddle-steamer imported by the Messrs. Manton, from England, and put together opposite the Queen's Wharf. She was launched in fine style, decorated with bunting, crowded with people, and Tickel's band merrily playing "Off She Goes" . . .

[981] . . . "In the olden times the annual races on the metropolitan course took place in the month of March . . . the steamer "Aphrasia", which traded to Geelong, was laid on for the racecourse direct; and, as the Town Band was announced to play on board, this was an additional attraction to lovers of music . . . [982] . . . Casting off her moorings, she steamed down the Yarra, and with Tickell's band playing in fine style, "In Days when we went Gypsying, a long time ago" . . . the band playing dance and other music to the satisfaction of the passengers. We were landed on the east bank of the river, on the site selected as the racecourse . . . The band, transferred from the steamer, was perched on a platform erected in one of the booths - a capital draw - for there was sure to be there a constant through changing crowd to listen to the music . . . On the return trip the "Aphrasia" was crowded with passengers, the band giving them "The Lass of Richmond Hill", "The Light of Other Days is Faded", "The Sea", "Rory O'More", and other tunes in favour with the public then (981-82) . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edmund Finn (author); Anne Remens Clarke (vocalist, actor); Hore family (musicians)

MUSIC: The light of other days is faded (Balfe); The sea (Neukomm)

Personal Reminiscences of John Waugh, Gentleman, 44 Robe Street, St Kilda (1909); Royal Historical Society of Victoria, MS 000091 

. . . The first band in Melbourne was called Tickell's band from the bandmaster who was a talented musician it consisted of I. Tickell and W. Griffiths, key bugles, N. Picknell, and another player clarinets, I. Drane piccolo, I. Hulley flute, G. Milstead, and I. Oliver trombones, N. Anderson (known as Black Bill) base drum, I. Hamilton small drum and S. Marsh triangle player . . . They made their first appearances Christmas morning 1839, and marching up Bourke Street made their way to Lonsdale Street between William & King Streets, which was the fashionable quarter . . . the band then proceeded to the Ship Inn in Flinders Lane, whose landlord was named Jack Lee wound up their proceedings by playing the old English glee, "Dame Durden", they had previously played many popular airs as the "Sea", "the Lass of Richmond Hill," "Rory O'More," "Copenhagen Waltz" and "Hokey Pokey" and "British Grenadiers" - "My Boat is on Shore," "Such a getting up stairs". This band was much in requisites for public dinners, regattas, races and the bandmaster was often engaged to play his key bugle, at many of the numerous land sales . . .

. . . The Russell Street Temperance band was organised in 1847. Mr. Tickell was the first bandmaster and the band consisted at first of J. Tickell and W. Morris key bugles, G. Milne and R. Heales afterwards premier trombones, R. Knox ophiecleide, A. Meiklejohn trumpet, Ian Knox, W. Weaver, W. Skinner & other clarinets, T. Croft and W. Lacy french horns, N. Stoneham piccolo, J. Woods flute J. Morris flute S. Porlett base drum, I. Gascoyne small drum, I. Marsh triangle and afterwards the Hore family the first sax horns seen in the Colony joined the band P Hore being bandmaster, T. Hore trombardier P. Hore & R. Hore cornets, S. Hore flathorn, Jas. Waugh trombone, and John Waugh clarinet. A public meeting usually took place in the Temperance Hall Russell Street, and the band would usually meet at the corner of Collins and Elizabeth Streets, to draw a crowd to the meeting, then use a popular lady lecturer on temperance in those days, Mrs. Dalgarno, the wife of Capt. Dalgarno of the barque "Loch-na-Garr", who when the vessel was in port, spoke every Tuesday evening, amid much applause. When the diggings opened up at Ballarat in 1851 and nearly all the men in Town went off there, the band was disbanded and never was reorganised, the instruments lay for many years in a cupboards in the Temperance Hall and were at last sold for old brass although they had cost £120 when bought from England. I have already given almost a similar account of this band to Garryowen at his request.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Waugh (musician, local historian)

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian historical magazine 15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, 13-14

. . . In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. [John] Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill . . .

R. M. McGowan, "Ta-Ra-Ra-Boom!", The Argus (8 December 1950), 23 weekend supplement

THE LOVE of the people of Melbourne for music goes back to our very early beginnings. With comparatively trained talent, we seem to have recognised our need for music, and the need to express ourselves in music. There was, of course, a little music played in the homes of those who could afford the rare luxury of a piano sent out from home. There were occasional musical soirees and domestic recitals; later there were concerts and visiting artists. Meanwhile, it was in response to a demand for more public music, at least some public music, in the now three year old settlement that our first Town Band was formed. It was on Christmas Eve, 1839, and it first made its appearance performing for a considerable crowd in front of the Golden Fleece Hotel in Bourke street. Led by George Tickell, a plasterer by trade, but also a versatile musician, the band numbered twelve members, including "Black Bill," the drummer, who, we are told, was noted for his good temper and vigor of playing. Leaving the Golden Fleece and accompanied by a host of bystanders, they then marched up Bourke street to the "stirring notes" of "Rory O'More," and along William street to Lonsdale, "which was the aristocrat part of the town." A cask of wine generously sent out to the crowd by Mr. Carrington enabled them to celebrate Christmas in truly traditional style. What became of this Melbourne Town Band it is hard to discover. Nearly a year later, however, a little advertisement appeared in the "Patriot":

"The Melbourne Amateur Concert Quadrille Band, who have lately had the honour of playing to the elite of fashion . . . respectfully inform the public that they continue to practice (sic) and will endeavour to promote harmony in every shape."

A postscript indicates that lessons will be given in the violin, violoncello, serpent, trombone, clarinet, flute, French horn, key bugle, bassoon, &c. In 1842, a second Town Band was formed of twelve to fifteen members, under the leadership of Mr. Middlemiss, and somewhere about the same time, the Father Matthews' Total Abstinence Society organised a band of more than twenty players. The prominence of the Total Abstinence Society in Melbourne's early public life comes as a surprise to a Melbournite of 1950. In 1846, yet another band was formed, under the leadership of John Tickell. Among the State Archives at the Public Library of Victoria now lies a little old exercise book, which was kept as the Minute Book of this Teetotal Band during 1846-47. It was given to the State for permanent preservation by Mr. R. W. Jones, grandson of Robert Knox, the band's secretary. According to the Rules and Regulations, the band existed for the use of the Society for "festivals, meetings, tents, processions, &c," but with the permission of the committee, it could also be used for the functions of other bodies. For the first year, they were to meet twice a week "for practice and improvement." Absence or arriving more than half an hour late involved a penalty of a sixpenny fine; absence from six consecutive meetings, the threat of expulsion and forfeit of their ten shillings deposit. The only excuses acceptable were either illness or absence from town - and even this latter was subsequently crossed out! Perhaps it was their Sunday afternoon band recitals in the gardens on Flagstaff Hill that sowed the seed of a tradition that has flowered in Melbourne's afternoons of "Music For The People."

TILKE, William (William TILKE)

Concert hall proprietor (Tilke's City Hotel; Tilke's City Concert Hall, from April 1856 to mid 1858)

Born Honiton or Sidmouth, Devon, England, 26 November 1805; son of Joel TILKE (1755-1822) and Eliza WESTCOTT (d. 1841)
Married (1) Eliza Rix ROBINS (d. VIC, 1854), St. George's church, Hanover Square, London, England, 7 April 1835
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 August 1852 (per Australian, from Plymouth, 5 June)
Married (2) Maria Jane FITZGERALD, Williamstown, VIC, 2 August 1855
Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1864 (per You Yangs for Sydney, and England, aged "55")
Married (3) Mary Ann PERRY, St. Clement Danes, London, England, 7 September 1873
Died London, England; buried, Brompton Cemetery, 13 April 1883, aged "79" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)'s+City+Concert+Hall+Melbourne (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


William Tilke was granted a new license for his City Hotel, in Bourke Street, on 4 March 1856. From its opening, musical performances in its concert hall were a successful part of its activities, and probably helped Tilke overcome the adverse publicity attendant on an early case of food poisoning in his restaurant.

Tilke relinquished proprietorship in March 1858 to Henry McCowen, who in turn was succeeded briefly by John Crawford.

After Crawford was declared insolvent early in 1859, Tilke again resumed possession of the hotel and licence, but, rather than resume the musical program, advertised in August that:

The Magnificent Hall, formerly known as the City Concert Hall, is now converted into a billiard room.


Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. George, Hanover Square, in the County of Middlesex, in the year 1835; register 1831-35, page 484; London metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

222 / William Tilke and Eliza Rix Robins both of this Parish were married in this Church by Banns this [7 April 1835] . . .


Owing to the extraordinary excitement caused here on Monday last, by the swimming race given by Capt. Stevens, Mr. Tilke (a public teacher belonging to the Operative Society) got up a race last night (Monday) for five splendid silver medals, of the value of 5l., 4l., 3l., 2l., and 1l. each. At the lowest calculation upwards of four thousand persons were present . . .

"SWIMMING", The Era (11 September 1842), 9

Mr. Kenworthy, of natation celebrity, has written us a letter complaining of Mr. Tilke, of the Westminster Baths, having postponed the joint benefit of himself (Mr. K.) and Mr. Hounslow, after a regular announcement, without assigning any reason other than that it so pleased him, the proprietor of the baths . . .

"THE NATIONAL BATHS, HOLBORN", Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper (19 May 1850), 10

Amongst all the attractions that are offered to the public for the ensuing summer season, there is not one that has such claims to be well supported as this beautiful establishment, which in the brief period of one short week, has been transformed from the gay casino to the healthful tepid and cold bath, with its everchanging supply of pure water, and will open for the season on Monday . . . The private baths, with all their luxurious appointments, will be open as usual, and under the management of Mr. Tilk, whose well-known skill in superintending this department for a long period of years, has rendered him so invaluable to the frequenters, whether for the ordinary or medical purposes.

England census, 30 March 1851, St. Giles in the Fields, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1508 (PAYWALL)

5 Little Queen St. / William Tilke / Head / 43 / Manager of Baths / [born] Devon Sidmouth
Eliza [Tilke] / Wife / 42 / - / Norfolk Bayfield

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", Adelaide Observer (4 September 1852), 4

Sunday, August 29 - The Australian Royal Mail Steam Navigation Company's ship Australian, 735 tons; Wm. Hoseason, Esq., R.N., commander, from Plymouth 5th June, St. Vincent 19th June, St. Helena 3rd July, Cape of Good Hope 22nd July, and King, George's Sound 24th August. Passengers . . . Third class: . . . Mr. Tilke and Wife . . .

"DIED", The Argus (28 February 1854), 4 

On the 27th instant, at 34 Market-square, William-street, Eliza, the beloved wife of Mr. William Tilke, lately of the National Baths, Holborn, London.

"QUARTERLY LICENSING MEETING", The Age (5 March 1856), 3 

On Tuesday, at the City Court, before a numerously attended bench of magistrates . . . New licenses were granted to Patrick Kelly, Galway Family Hotel, Flinders-lane; and to William Tilke, Tilke's City Hotel, Bourke street . . .

"FREE CONCERT", The Argus (2 April 1856), 5 

Mr. Tilke, the proprietor of the well known dining looms in Bourke-street has metamorphosed his premises into a very elegant Concert-room which is crowded every evening. The musical entertainments are under the direction of Mr. Morgan an excellent bass singer, who has organised a little band of vocal and instrumental performers whose talents would do credit to many a stage of higher pretensions. Mr. Morgan himself is, we can assure our readers, a vocalist of good parts and the only true bass we have met with in the colony. The soprano is a Madame Butler who also possesses qualifications of a superior order.

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Butler (Emily Davis); J. W. Morgan

"THE LATE POISONING CASE", The Age (1 May 1856), 2 

We are informed upon good authority that Mr. Tilke, the proprietor of the Hotel and Dining Rooms which have been rendered so unhappily notorious during the last few days, intends shortly to give a grand vocal and instrumental Concert, for the benefit of the sufferers . . .

See also "THE POISONING CASE", Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1856), 3 


A meeting was held last evening at 8 o'clock, in the Albion Hotel, Bourke-street, for the purpose of making arrangements for a concert, to be held at the City Hotel Concert Hall, Bourke-street, for the benefit of such of the sufferers by the late melancholy occurrence at Mr. Tilke's dining-rooms as may require assistance . . . The committee to consist of the following persons: - Messrs. Sayers, Scott, Gregg, Richardson, Davis, Hood, Piper, Leveson, and Harrison, with power to add to their number . . .

"CONCERT AT THE CITY HOTEL", The Age (8 May 1856), 3 

On Wednesday evening a concert which had been originated for the benefit of necessitous sufferers by the late unfortunate occurrence at this establishment, was held in the concert-hall of the hotel. The audience, which was numerous, and included a considerable number of ladies, certainly had the gratification of listening to one of the most pleasing concerts of miscellaneous music which have lately taken place in the city. The concert was got up by a committee of gentlemen, who took upon them the responsibility of providing a good entertainment, and of examining into the merits of such claims for assistance as might be preferred. The entertainment itself was the free offering of the artistes connected with the music-hall, and of several gentlemen, professional and amateur, who generously proffered their services.

The music consisted of selections from the works of Donizetti, Bishop, Mazzinglie [Mazzinghi], Wallace, Shield, Calcott and others, which were generally rendered with marked success. Madame Butler, and Messrs. Morgan, Leveson, and Friend undertook the concerted music, and also performed several solos. Madame Butler was in excellent voice, and sang with much spirit, "Bid me discourse," and the finale from "La Sonnambula," in each of which she was encored. With Mr. Leveson in Barnett's capital duett, "The Singing Lesson" she also gained considerable applause, and, as in her other efforts, an encore was demanded and granted. Mr. Leveson's rich voice told to great advantage in Wallace's "Hear me, gentle Maritana," as also in the concerted music. Nor must we neglect to refer to Mr. H. J. King's spirited delivery of "The Ship on Fire." Mr. Morgan's fine bass voice was heard to great advantage in the songs which he had selected as his portion of the entertainment, and his efforts contributed much to the success of the whole. This gentleman, who has sung for many years in the Exeter Hall and other London concerts, stands alone in the colony for richness and power of tone, and for the extremely low notes to which his fine organ can reach. Parry's scena "The Flying Dutchman," and Shield's splendid song "The Wolf," afforded him opportunities of displaying the wonderful volume and compass of his voice, which were not lost upon the audience, who applauded enthusiastically, and exacted from him an encore to each. Besides the vocal portion of the entertainment, the lovers of violin music had a perfect treat in Mr. E. King's solo with variations by De Beriot. Mr. Foote's tasteful flute-playing, and Mr. Piper's pianoforte accompaniments, were also the theme of general admiration. An excellent band played at intervals throughout the evening.

The entire receipts (less the expenses) were arranged to be handed over to the committee for distribution in the way devised. Mr. Tilke permitted the free use of his concert hall, and with a view to enlarge the results generously placed at the disposal of the committee the whole of the receipts of the hotel during the evening of the concert.

While referring to the successful issue of the above entertainment, we cannot help expressing our sincere regret that one of our contemporaries should, on the very morning of the concert, have taken occasion not only to indulge in what seems to us the malicious pleasure of incriminating Mr. Tilke for his share in the late unhappy affair, but in assuming that a recurrence of the catastrophe is far from unlikely.

Let us impute to Mr. Tilke what amount of carelessness and indiscretion we will, it is monstrous to suppose that after what has happened, that gentleman will not be doubly careful as to how he introduces such deadly matters into his premises; and after the very serious losses he must have sustained, it is cruel thus to hound him to ruin, and to accuse him of such inveterate and wilful carelessness as to persist in a line of conduct which even his own interest would condemn him in pursuing.

If we look at the conduct of Mr. Tilke up to the last few weeks, we will find it not only irreproachable, but he has all along been one of the most active supporters of our benevolent institutions, his conduct as a citizen has been upright, and his business enterprise has done not a little to circulate money and employ many hands. His London antecedents are equally satisfactory, and when in that city, we understand, he was the proprietor, and, if we mistake not, the inventor of a system of vapor baths which stood high in the estimation of the faculty. It is but a few short months ago since he gave a gratuitous breakfast to not less than two hundred of the unfortunate passengers by the Schomberg, on their arrival in town on the morning of their rescue.

Even the motives of the committee who have projected [the] concert, are misrepresented. They, or some of them, are accused of being actuated by other motives than what are set forth, and of providing for an emergency before it was known to exist. The committee, we dare say, care little about such an imputation, but it is as well to state that the one case of a necessitous sufferer which the writer of the article in question asserts was discovered after the origination of the movement, was really known before, and is referred to in the report of the preliminary meeting as given by our contemporary. It is a gratuitous assumption, however, under any circumstances, that the committee were actuated by any motives than those they have assigned. Though not specially mentioned at the meeting, other cases were even then known, and since that, not loss than four others have transpired, wherein it can be shown, that as persons in only moderate circumstances, and subsisting by their daily labor, their sickness, necessary expenses, loss of time, and stoppage of revenue, seem fairly to entitle them to the compensation which the committee designed for them, or such as them.

Whatever may be the results of the concert, we believe Mr. Tilke has an earnest desire to afford to those who really require it, every assistance in his power. Mr. Tilke's losses have been all but ruinous. No one can know this better than himself. He must endeavor to bear them, and as rapidly as possible restore himself to his former position, but he will not he aided in this by the vexatious reiterations of an all but forgotten grievance, nor, thereby, will the public be benefited.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry John King (senior); Edward King; John Leveson; Edward John Piper

MUSIC: Bid me discourse (Bishop); The ship on fire (Russell); The wolf (Shield)

[Advertisement], The Age (1 July 1856), 1 

MADAME LEON NAEJ Arrived by Champion of the Seas.
FROM the Grand Operas Paris and Opera Comique, will make her first appearance this evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Leon Naej

"TILKE'S CITY CONCERT HALL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (27 June 1857), 3 

The proprietor has made some new engagements for the ensuing week - Mr. James Houston, Mr. John Taylor, and Mr. McDonald. The varied styles of these singers give a pleasant air of novelty to the present series of concerts. On Monday evening, a "Tyrolean Chorus," by Mr. Alfred Oakey, the musical director and composer of the establishment, will be produced.


[Advertisement], The Age (6 May 1858), 1 

McCOWEN'S, Late Tilke's, CONCERT HALL, Bourke-street east . . .
The usual CONCERTS Will be held every Evening.
The ladies and gentlemen at present engaged are:
Madame Leon Naej,
Mrs. Alfred Oakey,
Miss Louisa Sutherland,
Mr. C. F. Percival,
Mr. G. Ellis,
Mr. Burgess,
Mr. Luntly,
Mr. Reeves, and
Mr. Miller.
Pianist - Mr. Alfred Oakey,
Manager - Mr. J. Miller.
Commence at half-past seven o'clock. Admission Free.
N.B. - Females of questionable character will not be admitted.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (29 January 1859), 4 

Licensed pursuant to Act of Council.
TO-NIGHT (Saturday, 29th January,)
Mr. E. F. MORRIS in his Shaksperian Travesties.
The Best Operatic Company in Melbourne.
Selections from the Works of the most Celebrated Composers,
Under the Superintendence of Mr. ALFRED OAKEY, Musical Director.
Ballads, Duets, Impromptu and other Comic Songs, Every Evening.
Gentlemen from the Interior are respectfully informed that the best evening's amusement in Melbourne is to be obtained at the above Establishment, and that there is No Charge for Admission.
The programme is changed every night, and a constant succession of novelties.
C. A. FRY, Acting Manager.
N.B. - Any professional Lady or Gentleman of talent recently arrived in the Colony, may obtain engagements on application to Mr. C. A. Fry.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Alfred Fry

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (27 August 1859), 1 

WILLIAM TILKE begs to inform his numerous friends and customers up country, that he is now for the second time proprietor of the above favourite establishment . . .
The Magnificent Hall, formerly known as the City Concert Hall, is now converted into a billiard room.

"MATRIMONIAL INTRICACIES. TILKE V. TILKE.", The Age (4 January 1860), 5 

This was an action brought in the District Court by Mrs. Tilke to recover maintenance from her husband, Mr. William Tilke, proprietor of the hotel and city concert rooms in Great Bourke street. Mr. Frank Stephen appeared for the appellant; Mr. Aspinall, for the defendant. In proof of the defendant's marriage with the plaintiff, Mr. Stephen put in the following copy of certificate of marriage celebrated by license at Williamstown: -

"Date, 2nd August, 1855, Williamstown. William Tilke, Church of England, age, 50; bachelor, from Sidworth, Devonshire; the son of Joel Tilke and Eliza Westcoate, bakers; and Maria J. Callow, widow; aged 45. Her first husband died July 29th, 1854. Has three children; one dead; is the daughter of Michael Fitzgerald and Mary Ann Wood, farmers, Van Diemans Land."

Some long time previously Mrs. Tilke had been married to a person named Sumner, in Van Diemen's Land. He left her for California, and she heard no more of him for many years, until she received information of his death. She then married a gentleman of the name of Callow, who came over with her from Van Diemen's Land, and for many years kept the Royal Mail Hotel, situate at the corner of Bourke-street and Swanston-street. She had since been turned out of it. Callow died, and Mr. Tilke, her present husband, paid his addresses to her, and eventually married her . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1861), 8 

Given by the musical profession of Melbourne Mr. W. TILKE,
(Late proprietor of Tilke's City Concert Hall,)
As a mark of their respect and approbation during the period of his being proprietor (and founder) of the grand City Concert Hall, Melbourne.
First Appearance of the GRAND UNITED SABLE OPERATIC TROUPE, Being the largest company of Ethiopian delineators ever witnessed on any stage in the colony.
Also, A GRAND MISCELLANEOUS CONCERT, Embracing all the best talent in Melbourne, consisting of 30 performers.
Mr. J. DEMEREST [sic], Late of the San Francisco Minstrels, In his Classical and Unique Trapeze Performance.
Several NEW SONGS and LOCAL DUETS, Written for the occasion by R. A. R. Owen, Esq., Will be sung during the evening.
The performances will commence at a quarter to 8 sharp with A MONSTER OPENING CHORUS, Embracing 40 performers, Musical Directors and Conductors - Messrs. Owen and Cullimore . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Owen (pianist); Frederick William Cullimore (pianist); George Washington Demerest (minstrel-serenader, San Francisco Minstrels

England census, 1881, London, St. Mary le Strand; UK National Archives, P.R.O., R. G. 11 / 333 (PAYWALL)

William Tilke / Head / 74 / Grocer / [Born] Sidmouth Devon
Mary [Tilke] / Wife / 72 / Grocer's wife / Hackney Midd'x

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Truth [Perth, WA] (13 August 1910), 6 

. . . In the recent article on the public halls and the music halls, I omitted mention of Tilke's, which stood in Bourke-street, near the Bull and Mouth, in the late fifties and early sixties. Mr. Tilke had previously had a large dining-room here, but in the mid fifties his business as a caterer for the inner man was ruined through an error of his cook, who used arsenic in the soup instead of some more palatable seasoning. Many persons were poisoned, but none fatally. It killed the business, though. The music hall business was on Old Country lines. It was not a "Free and Easy," the vocalists and musicians were all paid. Drinks were served; in the concert hall, and from the sale of drinks Mr. Tilke made his money. I don't think he became a millionaire. He knew nothing about "show" business whatever; he might have known about hotel keeping. A Mr. Charles Fry was his music hall manager in 1859-60, and a fairly good company was kept on hand. The music halls in the "digging townships" were being played out, as was the "alluvial," and the singers sought the metropolis for bread and butter. I remember a fairly good Irish singer and dancer, Tom Murphy, likewise a good basso, and a fine-looking man, Mr. Leman. Tilke had a better class of vocalist than had Wright at the Canterbury. The Apollo Hall and St. George's Hall, however, cut away the Tilke business, and he reverted again for a while, to bar-keeping and hotel business generally. Earlier in the fifties the Stork Hotel, at the northern end of Elizabeth-street, opposite to what used to be the Firewood Market, had a fine large hall, with an excellent stage . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Michael Forde (memorist); Frederick Leeman (vocalist)

TILLY, George (George TILLY; Mr. TILLY)

Violoncellist, vocalist, conductor, singing master, singing class instructor, school teacher

Born Somerset, England, c. 1808/09
Married Eliza Sophia BYERLEY (d. 1884), by 1833
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1850
Died Kensington, SA, 6 August 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[News], South Australian Register (2 April 1850), 3 

We regret to state that the Choral Society's Concert at the Exchange Room last night was very thinly attended. The absence of Sir Henry and Lady Young, who were expected to honour it with their presence, threw a damper over the spirit of the performers, and several leading members were, if we mistake not, also absent. The concert was, in a financial point of view, a failure, a circumstance which we much regret, as the continued existence of the Society depended, we believe, upon its success . . . The overture to the "Caliph of Bagdad" was well and spiritedly played by the band, and Miss Coghlin's brilliant execution of "The Mermaid" placed her beyond all competition the Prima Donna of the Society, A Mr. Tilly sang "The White Squall" admirably, and was warmly applauded by the very select audience, who seemed indeed delighted with the whole performance.

ASSOCIATIONS: Adelaide Choral Society

MUSIC: The white squall (Barker)

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (24 May 1850), 4

On Wednesday evening, Mr. Wallace gave a grand vocal and instrumental concert at the Exchange. His Excellency and Lady Young were present, and the room was crowded to overflowing . . . The "White Squall" by Mr. Tilly was creditably sung; but the same gentleman was less happy afterwards in "Shall I sinking in despair?" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Spencer Wellington Wallace

MUSIC: Shall I sinking in despair (Balfe)

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

INSTRUMENTAL. Conductor - Mr. Wallace . . .
Violoncellos - Messrs. Tilly, Allen, Smith, and Thurlow . . .
On Friday Evening, 19th of July, 1850.
PROGRAMME. PART I. OVERTURE, "The Siege of Rochelle," Balfe - THE BAND . . .
PART SECOND. OVERTURE, "La Straniera," - THE BAND . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Thurlow

[Advertisement], South Australian (21 October 1850), 3 

GRAND CONCERT. MR. WALLACE has the honor to inform his Friends and the Public that his Concert will take place on Tuesday evening, the 22nd October, under the Patronage of the Most Worshipful the Provincial Grand Master, the Provincial Grand Lodge of Friendship, Lodge of Harmony, St. John's Lodge, and the United Tradesmens' Lodge of Freemasons. MASTER RICHARD B. WHITE, will, make his debut as a Violinist and Pianist on that occasion. MB WALLACE will be assisted by Mrs. Murray, Mr. Gale, Mad. v. Hile, Herr Huenerbein, Mad. Cranz, Herr Mater, Miss Lazar, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Ellard, Mr. McCullagh, Mr. Bennett, Mr. Tilly, Mr. Lee. Mr. Harward, Mr. Osborne, Hr. Cranz, Hr. Fischer, Mr. Cobbin and Sons and several other performers . . .

"SALISBURY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1859), 3

The first anniversary of the Wesleyan Chapel, Salisbury, took place on Sunday, the 16th instant . . . The musical arrangements, under the superintendence of Mr. Tilly, were of the most pleasing and interesting character. The harmonium kindly lent by Mr. Coulls for the occasion, and presided over by Mr. Pappin, with the assistance of a bass viol and violin, and the united aid of a very effective choir, supplied the intervals between the speeches with several beautiful pieces, which reflected the highest credit on all concerned . . .

"HINDMARSH SACRED CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (30 November 1861), 2 

The above Society gave their first concert in the District Hall, Hindmarsh, on Tuesday evening, November 26. The instrumentalists were: - Organist, Mr. J. Bennett; saxe tuba, Mr. Wilsmore; melophone, Mr. A. Sawtell; and together with a chorus of upwards of 40 ladies and gentlemen, they performed pieces set down in the programme, to the satisfaction of all present. Mr. George Tilly acted as leader. The audience was not so large as was expected, there not being more than 100 persons present. The Society is composed of ladies and gentlemen residing at the Port, Hindmarsh, Bowden, and other places; but they seldom, if ever, all met for a rehearsal prior to the concert. However, the various pieces were well given, and should the Society venture to give a second concert, we have no doubt the performances will be improved, and the attendance increased. The first piece performed was the chorus "And the glory;" then followed the anthem "Blessed be those;" the chorus "O thou tellest;" the duet "Hear my prayer;" this latter was sung by Mrs. F. B. Jones, and Miss Tilly, and was loudly and deservedly applauded. The choruses, "O that I had wings like a dove," and "For unto us a child is born," followed. Mrs. Jones next sang the recitative and chorus - "Eve's Lamentation." Her fine, clear voice was heard to great advantage, and many present expressed a very favorable opinion of this lady's singing. The chorus "Their sound is gone out into all lands" closed the first part of the programme. The second part commenced by Mr. A. Sawtell performing "The last Rose of Summer" on the melophon - a sweet instrument of late invention; after which several choruses were sung. The proceedings were closed by singing the "Hallelujah Chorus."

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 March 1862), 2

The Port Adelaide Sacred Choral Society gave their fourth concert in the Congregational Chapel, on Tuesday evening, March 18. The programme comprised an excellent selection ol sacred music, which was very efficiently rendered by the members of the Society, showing clearly their great progress in the cultivation of choral music. And it must have been gratifying to see their efforts so well appreciated, there being a numerous and respectable audience present. The beautiful air of "O Thou that tellest," was delightfully sung by Mr. Westover, alto tenor. Solo, "Just and Righteous," by Mr. Thompson, who possesses a fine voice, and is an acquisition to the Society. The chorus, "Who shall not fear Thee," was given by the choir, and from its great precision, may rank among the best of the evening. The air, "Thou didst not leave," was sung by Miss Tilly in her usual clear and distinct manner, and called forth the plaudits of the audience. The chorus "Lift up your heads," concluding the first part . . . This was followed by a solo on the melophone by Mr. A. Sawtell, who played a voluntary, and concluded with the "Sardinian Emperor - National Hymn," the sweet and melodious strains produced by this instrument forming a pleasing contrast to the sublime and some times almost overpowering choruses of the orchestra. The second part opened with the chorus "Behold the Lamb of God"; this difficult piece showed that great care had been taken in studying it. The trio, "Sing O Heavens," followed in good teste by Messrs. Westover, Grosse, and Tilly. This, with the chorus, was deservedly applauded. "Japes Ode" [? Pope's Ode] followed with good advantage, as also the solo "Ascribe to the Lord," by Mr. Tilly. The air "I know that my Redeemer liveth," sung by Miss Tilly, was followed by the chorus "Worthy the Lamb," which, with the "Hallelujah Chorus," were rendered in a highly creditable manner. We may congratulate the choir on their progress and efficiency, not forgetting the splendid harmonium lately obtained by them, which was presided over by Mr. J. Bennett, to whom great praise is due, and also their respected and talented leader Mr. George Tilly.

"PORT ADELAIDE SACRED CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (2 July 1863), 2

This Society gave a concert of sacred music in the Congregational Chapel, Port Adelaide, on Tuesday evening, June 30, as a complimentary benefit to Mr. Tilly, the leader of the Society. The chapel was crowded in every part, and there must have been 500 persons present. For this occasion the Society had obtained the assistance of Mr. Chapman, leader of the Philharmonic Society (first violin), Mr. Jervis (viola), Mr. Proctor (flautist), Mr. Betteridge(contrabasso), and several vocalists. Mr. J. Bennett ably presided at the harmonium, and Mr. Willsmore (saxe horn) and Mr. Tilly (violoncello) completed the number of instrumentalists. The vocalists numbered 10 ladies and about 25 gentlemen. The concert commenced with an overture from "Samson," which was very successful. This was followed by a quartette and chorus, "Judge me, O Lord," and "I will give thanks," of which the same may be said. The anthem "I'll wash my hands in innocency" followed; Miss Tilly, Mrs. Gardner, and Mr. Betts ably taking the leading parts. A bass solo by Mr. Betts was sung with great effect. Mrs. Walkley next sang "Meek and lowly" very creditably, and was much applauded. "Sing, O Heavens," by Messrs. Grosse, Westover, and Tilly, was next given, amid a similar compliment. A chorus, "The Lord gave the Word," followed; and the first part was concluded with "Sound the loud Timbrel," by the Misses and Mr. Tilly, which was sung very beautifully, and was redemanded.

In the second part, a solo, "Just and Righteous," by Mr. Page; a sacred song, "Yon Abbey Bell," by Miss Tilly; "Hold Thou me up" (duet), by Mrs. Gardner and Miss Tilly; and a recitative by Mr. Tilly, "In splendour bright," were each deserving of commendation. Mrs. Walkley sang "Let the bright Seraphim," with trumpet obligato by Mr. Chapman, in a manner which called forth considerable applause, but her voice is scarcely powerful enough for the piece. Miss Tilly also sang the solo "The marv'llous Work" in a creditable manner. The choruses were, generally speaking, well sung, and the whole affair was very successful. It would be unfair to criticise too minutely, as the Society is only formed for social amusement, and the concerts are not given with a view of making a profit. At the conclusion Mr. Tilly thanked the audience for their patronage.

"HULLAH'S MUSIC", Adelaide Observer (29 August 1868), 16 

On Wednesday evening the members of the singing classes, conducted by Mr. Tilly for the practice of Hullah's system of music, gave a public entertainment in the schoolroom beneath the North Adelaide Congregational Church. The place was well filled, and Mr. R. A. Tarlton presided. In opening the proceedings, he remarked that it was now 30 years since John Hullah translated the system of music which bore his name, and it was about nine months since Mr. Tilly commenced to translate John Hullah in North Adelaide, and the audience would have an opportunity of judging how far his translation was a correct representation of the original. The programme consisted of selections arranged progressively, the first part commencing with exercises in Canon, and including several favourite pieces, such as "The Lark," "The Spinning Wheel," "Mark, how Softly," "Hunting the Hare," "The Song of Australia," and others; while the remainder of the programme was made up of well known glees - "Hark, the Lark," "The Red Cross Knight," "See our Oars," "The Erl King," &c., most of which were given in a very creditable manner, taking into consideration the bad acoustic properties of the room, that essential element - correct time - being well preserved. Altogether Mr. Tilly has reason to congratulate himself and pupils on their first appearance before the public, considering the short time which the classes have been under his instruction. The proceedings of the evening were rendered additionally attractive by judicious remarks from the Chairman upon most of the pieces, and he strongly advised his young friends to go through a course of Hullah's music. Before the audience separated a vote of thanks by acclamation was awarded Mr. Tilly and his pupils.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Register (17 September 1869), 2

The opening concert of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society took place on Thursday evening, in the Town Hall, under the immediate patronage of His Excellency Sir James Fergusson . . . Mr. E. Spiller acted as conductor, and Mr. R. B. White, R.A.M., as leader. Mr. Shakespeare presided at the grand piano. Amongst the other instrumentalists were Messrs. Chapman, Edwards, Kay, Sumsion, Tilly, Wallace, Betteridge, and Proctor. The soloists ware Mesdames Proctor and Walkley, the Misses E. Winter, Vaughan, and Nimmo, Messrs. F. Searle, G. S. Smith, and L. Greyson. The entire strength of the orchestra exceeded 100 performers . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (7 August 1888), 4 

TILLY.- On the 6th August at Kensington, G. Tilly, in his 80th year, leaving nine daughters, thirty-nine grandchildren, and twenty-two great grandchildren to mourn their loss. Arrived in South Australia January, 1850. Portsmouth papers please copy.

"OBITUARY . . . OTHER OLD COLONISTS", South Australian Register (20 August 1888), 2 supplement 

The funeral of the late Mr. G. Tilly, who died at Kensington on Monday last, took place at the West-terrace Cemetery on August 8. The deceased came to South Australia in 1850, and with the exception of a short time spent on the Victorian goldfields has resided in this colony since. He settled first in Adelaide, and with the late Messrs. White and Spiller and others took an active part in the formation of the first Musical Society established in this city. He helped to form and acted as musical conductor of Choral Societies at Port Adelaide and Hindmarsh. He was choirmaster to the Congregational Churches of these towns, and filled the same capacity when residing at Angaston, Kapunda, and other districts in the country. For some years past he has resided at Kensington, where his death took place at the age of 80 years. He leaves nine daughters, a large number of grandchildren, and some great-grandchildren.


Amateur musician, church musician, Indigenous song recorder (Ngarigu), Monaro district grazier, Anglican priest

Born Devon, England, 20 September 1809; baptised Plymouth, 27 October 1809; son of John TINGCOMBE (1782-1862) and Sarah Arscott LETHBRIDGE (d. 1817)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 October 1834 (per Prince Regent, from London, 21 June)
Active Monaro district, NSW, probably c. 1836-38
Married (1) Caroline Flora McLEOD (d. 1843), St. John's church, Parramatta, NSW, 8 January 1839
Married (2) Lydia Jane CLEMENTS, All Saints' church, Bathurst NSW, 5 December 1850
Died Balmain, NSW, 23 July 1874, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Henry Tingcombe, rector of St. John's, Camden, 1858 to 1872 (Camden Historical Society)

Henry Tingcombe, rector of St. John's, Camden, 1858 to 1872 (Camden Historical Society)


Henry Tingcombe's eldest brother, John (1806-1852), arrived in New South Wales in 1829, and set up as a merchant at Parramatta. Their youngest brother, George (1816-1896) followed in 1832, and Henry joined them in the colony in October 1834. Also settled near Penrith was their uncle Robert Copland Lethbridge (father of Robert Copland Lethbridge, and grandfather of Harold Octavius Lethbridge).

Henry spent a short time in Maitland around New Year 1835, and by later that year, or at latest by mid 1836, he and George had taken up a sheep run in the Monaro district, which they continued to work as late as 1840. A despasturing license, dated 17 December 1839, identifies Tingcombe's grazing run as situated between the Snowy and MacLaughlin rivers, north of their junction, coinciding with the area still now known as Bungarby, about 50 kms south of Cooma.

Henry, however, also spent some of the time living closer to Sydney. He was evidently based at Parramatta at the time of his marriage there in January 1839 to Caroline McLeod, and from 1840 to 1842 was Clerk of Petty Sessions at Penrith.

While on the Monaro, Tingcombe documented two of the three known survivals of Ngarigu songs.

The composer Isaac Nathan credited Henry Tingcombe with supplying him with the words and melodies of the Monaro (Ngarigu) songs preserved in his two arrangements Koorinda braia (first published 1842), and Wargoonda minyarrah (first performed 1844; published in The southern Euphrosyne, 1848/49). Further to John Lhotsky's earlier 1834 published edition of another Ngarigu song, A song of the women of the Menero tribe, Tingcombe may also have supplied the composer with additional information leading to Nathan's revision and new arrangement of that song as The Aboriginal father in 1842/43.

In 1845, Henry Tingcombe was a founder committee member of the Sydney Choral Society, along with fellow committee member, Charles Nathan, Isaac's eldest son.

Taking Anglican orders, he was ordained deacon by bishop William Grant Broughton at St. Andrew's, Sydney, on 8 March 1846, and priest, again at St. Andrew's by Broughton, on 2 March 1847. Having served in the interim at Trinity (Garrison Church), he was sent to Armidale to establish the parish of St. Peter there.

During his later incumbency at All Saints' Bathurst, his 1855 letter on church music, and his attempts to form a choir, attest to his musical knowledge and interests.

With thanks (2021) to Linda Barwick for kindly sharing results of her research into Tingcombe's Monaro years


Baptisms, Unitarian Chapel (Presbyterian), Plymouth, Devon; register, 1785-1835; UK National Archives (PAYWALL)

Henry son of John and Sarah Arscott Tingcombe was born on the 20 of September 1809, and christened on the 27 Day of October 1809 . . .

Marriages solemnized in the Parish of St. John, Parramatta in the County of Cumberland in the year 1839; register, 1839-56, page 1; St. John's Anglican Church Parramatta (PAYWALL)

No. 1 / Henry Tingcombe of this parish and Caroline Flora McLeod of this Parish were married in this Church by License . . . this [9 January 1839] by me Henry H. Bobart minister

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (27 October 1834), 2 

From London, on Saturday night last [25th] . . . From the same port, yesterday, having sailed from thence the 21st of June, the ship Prince Regent, 394 tons, Captain John Aitken, with merchandise. Passengers . . . H. Tingcombe, Esq. . . .

"LANSDOWNE BRIDGE", The Sydney Herald (30 May 1836), 2 

Previously to the Levee, a deputation on the part of the Landed Proprietors of the Southern Districts of the Colony, waited upon the Governor, for the purpose of presenting His Excellency with a painting of Lansdowne Bridge. The following is the Address to the Governor on the subject . . .
"SIR, - We, the undersigned . . . Henry Tingcombe . . ."

"The Catarrh in Sheep", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 September 1838), 2\

In another column of to-day's Gazette we have given publicity to the Report of the Committee of the Legislative Council appointed to enquire into the nature and causes of the disease called the Catarrh in Sheep, and below we have extracted very liberally from the evidence given before the Committee . . .
Mr. Tingcombe says: - "With regard to the cause we can only conjecture that constipation and the consequent inflammation are increased, if not originated, by dry pasture, and the opinion seems general that it has been more formidable after continued drought. I am not aware of any cure for an infected sheep but by removing the healthy to a different part of the run. By local bleeding, and purgative medicine I have always hitherto stopped the progress of disease" . . .

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 January 1839), 3

MARRIED, On Wednesday, the 9th instant, at St. John's Church, Parramatta, by the Rev. H. H. Bobart, Henry Tingcombe Esq. to Caroline Flora, eldest daughter of the late Captain McLeod, R. N. C. B.

Depasturing license, 17 December 1839, Henry and George Tingcombe; State Records Authority of NSW, Depasturing Licenses Index 1837-1851, NRS 14363 [4/93] 

. . . Situation: Snowy River and McLocklin River, junction run between the Snowy River and the McLocklin [sic, Maclaughlin]

"PASTRUAGE LICENSES", New South Wales Government Gazette (19 February 1840), 170-72 

LIST of individuals who have obtained Licenses from the Colonial Treasurer, for depasturing stock beyond the boundaries of location, to the 30th June next, on payment of the established Fee . . .
[171] . . . MANEROO . . .[172] . . . Tingcombe Henry, & George . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 May 1842), 1 

WILL be performed THIS EVENING, the 27th May, 1842. The Overtures and the whole of the Music, expressly arranged for full orchestra
(which, by the politeness of Colonel French, will include the Band of the 28th Regiment) by Mr. Nathan . . .
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . KOORINDA BRAIA.- Solo, quartetto, and chorus.
(Inscribed to Mrs. Deas Thomson. A genuine Aboriginal Melody, sung by the Maneroo tribe of Australia -
presented to Mr. Nathan, by a highly respectable merchant of this Colony,
and its authenticity identified and fully established by several native blacks), a Young Lady, assisted by the whole vocal strength - Nathan . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1845), 1 

PATRON: The Lord Bishop of Australia.
COMMITTEE: Rev. Dr. Cowper, Mr. Surgeon Nathan, Rev. R. Allwood,
Mr. H. Tingcombe, Rev. R. K. Sconce, Mr. W. McDonell, Rev. J. C. Grills, Mr. J. Deane, Mr. C. D. Logan.
Rev. W. H. Walsh, chairman; Mr. H. J. Hatch, Secretary; Mr. J. Johnson, Conductor.
Mr. J. R. Hurst, Treasurer, Mr. W. Johnson, Leader.
THE above Society has been formed by Members of the Church of England, in the hope that by encouraging a taste for choral singing generally, much improvement may be effected in the Chaunting and Psalmody of Divine Worship. In furtherance of so important an object, it is requested that all persons who are possessed of musical talent, and are desirous of rendering their assistance as singing members, will give in their names to one or other of the Committee on or before Wednesday next. Churchmen generally, whether they join the Quires or not, may be admitted as members.
The meetings of the Society will be held, by permission of the Reverend the Incumbent, in the St. James's Infant School, Castlereagh-street, every Wednesday evening, at half-past seven o'clock.
The entrance fee is ten shillings; and the subscription one pound a year, or two shillings a month, to be paid in advance. Further information may be obtained by application to the Secretary, at Napoleon Cottage, Sheriff's Gardens, from whom may be obtained the separate parts of the pieces ordered for practice on Wednesday evening next.
H. J. HATCH, Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Grant Broughton (bishop); William Macquarie Cowper (clergyman); Charles Nathan (committee); Robert Alwood (clergyman); Charles Logan (committee); James Johnson (committee, musician); William Johnson (committee, musician); Henry John Hatch (secretary)

"ORDINATION", The Sentinel (12 March 1846), 2 

On Sunday last the bishop of Australia held an ordination at St. Andrew's Church. There were two candidates for deacon's orders, Mr. H. Tingcombe and Mr. T. C. Ewing, and two for priests . . .

"ORDINATION", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (3 March 1847), 2 

The Bishop of Australia held an ordination at St. Andrew's Church yesterday, when the Rev. Henry Tingcombe, of Armidale, New England, was admitted to priest's Orders. - Herald, March 1.

The southern Euphrosyne and Australian miscellany, containing . . . examples of the native aboriginal melodies put into modern rhythm and harmonized as solos, quartettes &c., together with several other original local pieces, arranged to a piano-forte accompaniment by the editor and sole proprietor I. Nathan (Sydney: [W. and F. Ford for] I. Nathan; London: Whittaker & Co., [1848-49]), 108 

. . . War-goon-da Min-ya-rah is another genuine aboriginal song of the Maneroo tribe, in great request among our antipodal brethren, and is sung by them after the fashion of the Koorinda-braia, it the "Corrobories" and "Kibbaiahs." The melody which is short and simple, comprehending only four measures, but capable of producing great variety of effect, from the animated mode of the natives singing, was kindly presented to us by the Rev'd Henry Tincombe, together with the Koorinda-braia; a gentleman who resided for several years at Maneroo, where he had frequent opportunities of hearing it sung by the aborigines of that district . . .

"To the Editor of the . . . ", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 February 1855), 2 

Sir - It was with some pain that I read the letter of "Observer," on the subject of Church Music which appeared in your last issue. The difficulty of forming a choir is very great; and those who attempt it are entitled to expect patience and forbearance from their brethren. That some of us are endeavouring to improve the church music it is pretty generally known, and "Observer" would have acted with more taste and propriety, had he given us the benefit of his counsel and assistance, instead of trying to magnify our defects by anonymous publication.

I should not notice his letter, but that I wish to prevent two mistakes into which he has fallen from misleading others.

The first is that the music now used is "difficult". So far from this being the case, it is easiest of all music. Doubtless if people expect to be able to sing it, without giving any time and attention to practising, they will be disappointed. The secular music cannot be performed without practice, neither can that which (though of a higher character) is in its nature more simple. The old church was written for the multitude, it was intended that all should join it. The old folks who wrote and sang, knew what they were about, perhaps better than such critics of these days; and if we may believe such writers as Isaac Walton, the people then did join with fervour and devotion in the services. The beauty of such music consists not [3] so much in the melody, which is usually extremely simple, as in the rich harmonies produced by the other parts, each part itself being easily sung by voices adapted thereto.

When therefore a chant or psalm composed for four voices, is sung without the alto and tenor parts, it sounds thin, and loses half its character, and effect. A few tenor singers we have, and one or two basses; but we must wait with patience in hopes of finding some to sing the alto, or counter tenor part.

It was with a view of training voices to take each separate part that a choral society was projected; but afterwards it was considered more desirable to set apart one night in the week for practice in the church. Accordingly each Friday night some of the congregation assemble from half-past seven until nine o'clock, and I hope that when the time of meeting is more generally known the attendance will be greater. As to difficulty, the tunes for the metrical psalms are the old English compositions with which all church-goers are familiar, set by Hullah, who has attained such celebrity in the art of "singing made easy," and no one need fear to attempt to bear a part. The chants used are published by the "Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge," in a very convenient form, which each member of the congregation can easily obtain. They are by the best masters, and of the simplest construction; but, however easy and simple, without practice was can do nothing. The only real difficulty in chanting is to find persons who can recite together, so that each voice hits the same syllable at the same time. This, without practice, cannot be attained.

So much for the first mistake. The other is the statement that there is not material for forming a choir in Bathurst. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it not," believe it not ye church people, three hundred of whom assemble each Sunday, that we have not sufficient music in our souls, and devotion in our hearts to enable us to bear our parts in the services of the sanctuary! That we have a miserable instrument is true, but we will get a better. Until the school is built, however, I was ask no one for money for this purpose - but if the congregation come forward voluntarily, one-half subscribing ten shillings and the rest five shillings each, ample funds would be provided; and, in that case, I undertake to import an organ, adapted to the size of the church, from one of the best makers in England. But though our instrument be harsh and bad, shall we say that we have not voices sufficient, both in number and power, to "make a joyful noise" in praise of Him who gave them to us? The boys, who have been disparagingly spoken of I contend have done well, but the notion that they are intended to "lead" the congregation is incorrect. They are to sing their parts, but the full choir is what we must depend on to lead the rest.

Lastly, in "Observer's" letter we may note a very sad error when he implies that persons may without impropriety come to church, and listen to the music without attempting to join in it. It is, alas! a common error, and has produced in England, as well as here, a scarcity of material for church music, and choral singing, but not such a dearth as is alleged; and I invite all my fellow churchmen and churchwomen to prove, by their attendance at the church for practice, as well as on Sundays, that we have abundance of material for a choir. They will find their reward in the pleasure by which their efforts will be attended; and our services will be less open to censure, and more worthy of Him in whose house they are offered.

I am, Sir, Your very faithful servant,
HENRY TINGCOMBE. Bathurst, Feb. 15, 1855.

NOTE: Tingcombe's letter above was in response to: "ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (10 February 1855), 2 

"CHURCH MEETING", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (2 May 1860), 2 

On Saturday evening last a public meeting was held in the Court-house, Bathurst, for the purpose of devising and agreeing upon measures for the enlargement of All Saints' Church . . .
Rev. H. TINGCOMBE rose to support the resolution ; he said that some years ago he was a minister among them and worshipped with them in their present Church, and he was very glad from this meeting to find that there was much improvement in Bathurst since he left both in secular and ecclesiastical buildings . . .
He was exceedingly gratified to witness the improvement which had taken place in the Psalmody of the Church since he had removed and hoped they would continue to improve. An organ was an instrument composed of various parts, and every pipe had its own part to play, and if one of the pipes was out of tune it required great skill of the performer to prevent a discord; so if there was a screw loose in the community, steps should be taken to keep alive the spirit of harmony and concord, and he hoped that they would all do their duty in this matter . . .

"THE SYDNEY MONTHLY OVERLAND MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1860), 5 

The Rev. Henry Tingcombe, Episcopalian minister at Camden, has had a purse, containing £52 7s. 6d. presented to him by his congregation aa a mark of respect, on the occasion of his approaching departure for England on account of ill health.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1874), 1 

TINGCOMBE. - July 23, the Rev. Henry Tingcombe, aged 63.

"THE REV. HENRY TINGCOMBE, FORMERLY OF ARMIDALE", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (21 August 1874), 7 

(From, the Australian Churchman.) In our last issue, we noticed the death of this estimable clergyman, and we feel sure our readers will be glad to have a sketch of a life which was indeed an ensample to the flock.

Born in Devonshire in the year 1810, Mr. Tingcombe arrived in the colony while still a very young man, and engaged, we believe, in squatting pursuits in the district of Monaro. At this time the pastoral interest was at a low ebb, and many will remember the heavy losses of many of the squatters of that day. Mr. Tingcombe was not long afterwards employed in the Civil Service of New South Wales, and so remained for some years, when he determined to enter the Ministry, and was ordained by Bishop Broughton on the 9th March, 1846, to the cure of St. Peter's, Armidale, New England, which cure he held for a period of nearly nine years . . .

Musical editions (by Isaac Nathan, after Tingcombe):

Koorinda braia (first edition 1842)

Koorinda braia, an Aboriginal native song, put into rhythm, harmonised, and inscribed to Mrs. E. Deas Thomson, by I. Nathan, Sydney, 1842 (DIGITISED)

The complete musical and linguistic content of the source song appears in the first 12 bars of the vocal line only below

Koorinda braia (Nathan 1842)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3 

THE SPACIOUS HALL, SYDNEY COLLEGE, having been kindly granted for this occasion to MR. NATHAN, A GRAND SELECTION OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WILL BE PERFORMED On FRIDAY Evening, 27th May, 1842 . . . PROGRAMME . . . Koorinda Braia, Solo Quartetto, and Chorus - Inscribed to Mrs E. Deas Thomson. A genuine Aboriginal Melody, sung by the Maneroo tribe of Australia - presented to Mr. Nathan, by a highly respectable merchant of this Colony, and its authenticity identified and fully established by several native blacks . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: "highly respectable merchant" = Henry Tingcombe

Koorinda braia (new revised edition 1848-49)

"Koorinda braia . . . I. Nathan", in Isaac Nathan, The southern Euphrosyne, and Australian miscellany . . . (Sydney: I. Nathan, [1848-49]), 127-32 (second "new" edition, with koo-ees added) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

10.1 Koorinda braia (new edition, Nathan 1848-49, 127)

Nathan, The southern Euphrosyne, 99-101 (commentary) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

A SCENE FROM THE DISTRICT OF PORT MACQUARIE. AMONG the numerous ceremonies peculiar to the aborigines of this vast island, perhaps there are none more really imposing than that of the Kibbarah; and as it rarely falls to the lot of a white man to witness its orgies in detail, the following attempt at describing them (the writer having been an eye-witness on more than one occasion) may not prove uninteresting . . . [101] . . . This final rite duly accomplished, a loud koo-ee rings out its warning note for the women to return to the encampment. Sufficient time having elapsed, the tribes follow, singing the "Koorinda-braia" (the song of peace) as they return in procession. Everything finished, they separate to their own respective encampments . . .

Nathan, The southern Euphrosyne, 107, 126 (commentary, see also 108) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)


The Koorinda-braia is a song of rejoicing, held in great estimation by the aborigines, and sung by them at their Corrobories and Kibbarahs; their mode of singing this and all their native strains, whether the subject be plaintive or cheerful is somewhat singular: the following description may not prove uninteresting.

Before they commence the Koorinda-braia which is in 2/4 time, they first [by stricking two peices [sic] of stick against each other] beat two or three bars in perfect measure to triple-time, seemingly as if trying to excite inspiration; they then continue beating and marking the time and rhythm, with accuracy not to be surpassed by the best musicians at the Italian Opera, of the melody which is sung with equal correctness, repeating the song several times; each repetition with increased energy and animated gestures-until the singers become completely exhausted by their enthusiasm.

It is perfectly ludicrous to see, as we have seen, one of these wild aboriginal music directors or time keepers, with all the grimace, gestures, and consequence of a connoisseur, stop his sablefaced singers, and compel them to re-commence their song-at the slightest innovation or defect of time, rhythm, or accent.

Shortly after our arrival in Sydney, we published this Koorinda-braia. as sung by the Maneroo tribe; which we shall at some future period re-print.

Maneroo is by the aborigines pronounced "Minaroo" which signifies an open space or plain; hence the Maneroo tribe-literally means the "Tribe of the Plains."

What "Koorinda-braia" really imports, we could never satisfactorily ascertain: many persons whom we have consulted, are of opinion, that it is the name of one of their cheifs [sic], whose memory they venerate, and always eulogise in song. We have questioned the aborigines on the subject, but, either from some superstitious motive, or a desire to prevent us from becoming as wise as themselves, no two of them give the same translation. One of them who alternately laughed and wept from excessive joy, at hearing his own native, melody, sung and accompanied by us on our Piano Forte, most positively affirmed, that "Koorinda-braia," meant nothing more nor less than the red and white chalk with which they paint their faces on days of festivity.

[126] Having trespassed largely on the limited number of pages originally set apart in our Euphrosyne, for the publication of music, we must now conclude our examples and illustrations of aboriginal airs, with a new edition of KOO-RIN-DA BRAI-A; which may be thought acceptable, since the melody is as popular and well-known to every Australian, as God save the Queen to every Englishman.

Wargoonda minyarah (1844; published 1848/49)

War-goon-da min-ya-rah, an aboriginal melody, sung by the Maneroo tribes of Australia, put into modern rhythm, harmonized and arranged, with characteristic additions, by I. Nathan, esq.; in Isaac Nathan, The southern Euphrosyne (1848-49), 109-13 (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

The complete musical and linguistic content of the source song appears in the first 8 bars of the vocal line only below

10.2 Wargoonda minyarah (Nathan 1848-49, 109)

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 July 1844), 1 

THE FIFTH PHILHARMONIC CONCERT will take place at the Royal Hotel, TO-MORROW, (Thursday,) July 11th, under the patronage of the Australians.
On which occasion will be performed two Aboriginal Melodies WARGOONDA MIN YARAH, AND KOORINDA BRAIA . . .
Leader, Mr. GIBBS; Conductor, Mr. NATHAN. See Programme.

Nathan, The southern Euphrosyne (1848-49), 108 (description), 109-13 (music) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)


WAR-GOON-DA MIN-YA-RAH is another genuine aboriginal song of the Maneroo tribe, in great request among our antipodal brethren, and is sung by them after the fashion of the Koorinda-braia, at the "Corrobories" and "Kibbarahs." The melody which is short and simple, comprehending only four measures, but capable of producing great variety of effect, from the animated mode of the natives singing: was kindly presented to us by the Revd. Henry Tincombe [sic, Tingcombe], together with the Koorinda-braia; a gentleman who resided for several years at Maneroo, where he had frequent opportunities of hearing it sung by the aborigines of that district.

Altho' the whole of the melody of Wargoonda min-ya-rah, as sung by the Maneroo tribe, is contained within the first four bars of the music subjoined to this article by way of illustration; we have added several phrases to the original melody, with a coda in imputation of the several varieties of styles we have heard from the Goulburn tribe, the Wellington, and other tribes, each tribe having its own peculiar melody.

It may be here necessary to remark, that the aborigines throughout Australia have no musical instrument of any description, not even that instrument of concussion, the drum, so generally used by every other uncivilized nation in the known world: our Piano Forte accompaniment, therefore, must be considered as an effort on our part, to convey to the unskilled some faint notion of the energetic style of the aboriginal music: - and altho' we have been favored by some characteristic stanzas [an impromptu] from the pen of the talented author of "Merry Freaks in troublous times," [Charles Nagel] well adapted to the melody; the true character and expression of the music, cannot be properly appreciated without the original words, we therefore submit the best literal translation we can command, for the accomodation of those-who desire to try the effect, a la "black fellow."


War-goon-da or Wear-goon-da - What is the matter?

Min is an abbreviation of Mina-winda - Where were you? What did you do?

Ya is an abbreviation of Yaninda - How is this?

Min-ya - What have you been doing?

Kol-ba or Koll-ba - On the Rocky Mountains.

Wandere, perhaps from Wandago-dere - Did white man give bread?


War-goon-da.- The a in both syllables war and da has the same broad open-mouthed sound, as the a in the cry of the lambs ba: g in the middle syllable goon is hard, and is pronounced like goo in good.

Min-ya-rah. - The first syllable has the intonation of Mint, without the t; yah has the same sound as the first two letters in Yarmouth: the a in rah has the same broad sound as noticed in War-goon-da, but the final h requires a particular aspiration, leaving off with a sudden jerk.

Kol-ba pronounced Koll-ba, to make this word particularly characteristic of the aboriginal style of singing, the ba must be produced by snapping the lips asunder, with a strong expulsion of breath, and then keeping the mouth well open on the broad-sounding a, so as to vie in expression with the ba of a whole flock of sheep.

Wandere - The a in wan cannot be too broad: the e in de has the sound of our English a in David; and re has the sound of ra in raven.

Other sources:

Henry Tingcombe, A sermon preached in St. John's Church, Camden, on Sunday 28th April 1867, on the occasion of the death of James Macarthur (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, Printers, [1867]) 

Henry Tingcombe, cash book 1841-1862, diary 1871, manuscript on the book of Revelation; Moore Theological College, Sydney, Samuel Marsden Archive 

Henry Tingcombe, diaries, 1862-70, 1872-74; State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 7474 

A collection of 12 diaries recording Reverend Henry Tingcombe's life at Camden in 1862-70, and 1872-74.

Bibliography and resources:

The register of Blundell's school, with introduction and appendices by Arthur Fisher; part 1, the register, 1770-1882 (Exeter: J. G. Commin, 1904), 

[no. 1551 / Henry TINGCOMBE, 7, son of John Tingcombe, Esq., Plymouth, Aug. 14, 1817 - Dec. 16, 1817.

Jean Newell, "Henry Tingcombe (1809-1871) clergyman and educator", Armidale and District Historical Society Journal 44

Jennifer Clark, "Religious life", in Alan Atkinson, J.S. Ryan, Iain Davidson, and Andrew Piper (eds), High lean country: land, people and memory in New England (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2006), 186, 187,

Report on the organ of St. John's Anglican Church, Menangle Road, Camden; organ by T. P. Bates (London) 1861, installed 1865; from Sydney Organ Journal (March 1978) 

Historic Bates organ, St. John's, Camden; demonstration by Pastór de Lasala, posted 7 April 2015 

Henry Tingcombe, memorial window, St. John's, Camden, Monuments Australia, posted 10 May 2015 

TISROUX, Mlle. (Mlle. J. J. TISROUX; C. T. I. TISROUX [sic]; or TISCROUX)

Vocalist, teacher of Italian, French, Scotch and English singing (from the Royal Academy, Paris)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Empire (22 December 1855), 1

GRAND MORNING CONCERT.- For One Morning Only.- A Great Treat. - Mademoiselle T. C. I. TISCROUX (pupil of that great Professor of singing, Signor Scheens), from the King's Theatre and Hanover square Concert Rooms, will shortly appear.
The celebrity of Mademoiselle C. T. I. TISCROUX has caused her to be called, in other countries, the great rival of Miss Hayes; her voice being much more musical has, by many professionals, been considered much superior to hers, and little (if any) inferior to the renowned Jenny Lind; her voice being lofty, and clear, and of great flexibility.

[Advertisement], Empire (29 December 1855), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL JANUARY 1ST, 1855.- Madlle. J. J. TISROUX, has fixed her grand morning concert for New-Year's Day, when she will introduce Madame Malibran's "Una boca poco fa"; also Madlle. Jenny Lind's songs, Fatherland; Our parting is near, &c., &c. Madlle. TISROUX will sing a well known French air, "Au que la moire," with her own variations; Kathleen Mavourneen; The Irish Emigrant; assisted by Mrs. C. Read, pianist; Mr. Turner, Mr. Banks, Mrs. Finch, from London. Doors open at half-past one, to commence at two. Tickets to be had at Messrs. WOOLCOTT AND. CLARKE'S; Messrs. SANDON'S, George-street.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mrs. Charles Read (pianist); John Turner (vocalist); Thomas Banks (senior) (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1856), 1 

MADLLE. T. C. T. TISCROUX'S GRAND CONCERT is postponed until further notice, the holiday not being advantageous for her first appearance.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. - MADEMOISELLE C. T. I. TISROUX has the honour to inform the ladies and gentlemen, her friends, and the inhabitants of Sydney, that her GRAND EVENING CONCERT will take place
THIS EVENING, Wednesday, 27th February, when Mademoiselle C. T. I. TISROUX will Introduce Madame Malibran's beautiful "Una Voce Poco Fa," "Do not mingle," "Katheen Mavourneen," a well known French air, "Oh, que l'amour," with her own embellishments.
Mademoiselle C. T. I. Tisroux has engaged Mr. T. L. VAN DE STADT, who will play "Bonheur De Se Revoir, Fantasia," for the flute, accompanied by Mrs. C. READ.
Also will sing the "Marseillaise," and the celebrated singer, Miss MONTAGUE, who will make her first appearance at this concert in Sydney, will sing "Love not," and "Happy Moments."
Mr. BANKS will introduce some favourite ballads. A fantasia on piano by Mrs. C. READ.
Tickets, 5s.; reserved seats, 7s. 6d.; to be had of Mr. Johnson, Pitt-street; Messrs. Sandon and Co. George-street; and at the Bar of the Hotel. Doors open at half-past seven, to commence at eight. Schools and children at half price.

ASSOCIATIONS: T. L. Van de Stadt

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1856), 10

MADEMOISELLE TISROUX, from the Royal Academy, Paris, who made her first appearance, which was warmly received, with great applause at her own concert, 27th February, at the Royal Hotel, wishes to acquaint the ladies and private families that she has a vacancy for one pupil or two, to instruct them to sing in the Italian, French, Scotch, and English, style; also teaches her own language in all its purity and correct pronunciation, being born in Paris and brought up in the Convent School; converses with her pupils and enables them to streak correctly. The piano-forte taught thoroughly. Address: B., Herald Office.

"PUFFING AT THE ANTIPODES", Punch, or The London charivari (5 April 1856), 134 

Some rather rampant specimens of Australian Puffs have recently appeared in the Melbourne Newspapers, a sample of which we insert:

GRAND MORNING CONCERT, for one Morning only.
A great treat! MDLLE. T. C. I. TISCROUX (pupil of that great Professor of Singing, Signor SCHEPENS), from the King's Theatre and Hanover Square Concert Rooms, will shortly appear.
The celebrity of MDLLE. C. T. I. TISCROUX has caused her to be called in other countries the great rival of Miss Hayes.
Her voice being much more musical, has by many professionals been considered much superior to hers, and little (if any) inferior to the renowned JENNY LIND. Her voice being lofty, and clear, and of great flexibility.

The musical world of this country will be taken by surprise at the announcement of the name of SIGNOR SCHEPENS, "that great professor of singing," who must have been all profession and no practice during the few last years; for although we have a tolerably accurate knowledge of all musical celebrities, SCHEPENS is a name that is quite new to us. His pupil, MDLLE. T. C. I. TISCROUX, has it seems been "called in other countries the great rival of Miss Hayes," but those must be "undiscovered countries," as far as our knowledge goes concerning them. It seems that this lady has reminded the public of MISS HAYES by superiority rather than by equality, and indeed LA TISCROUX is somewhat disposed to relinquish her rivalry with the HAYES for the purpose of assuming an equality with JENNY LIND as a more appropriate competitor. We can only express a hope, that if SIGNOR SCHEPENS and his pupil are all that they profess to be, they will, after fulfilling their one night's engagement at Port Philip, give the British public an opportunity of hearing her.

See also "PUFFING AT THE ANTIPODES (From the London Punch)", The Argus (27 June 1856), 6 

"COURT OF REQUESTS. £30 JURISDICTION", Empire (24 July 1856), 3 

TISCROUX V. READ. In this case, which had been previously tried on more occasions than one, the plaintiff sought to recover a sum of money for which the defendant had become liable under the following circumstances: - About a year ago, the plaintiff, who is a professor of music, gave a concert in the Royal Hotel, at which the defendant and his wife assisted the former as ticket-taker, the latter as a singer. Previous to the holding of the concert plaintiff gave a number of tickets to defendant's wife (130) all of which the latter signed with her initials, and by these tickets persons attending the concert were to gain admissions, an arrangement was entered into between the parties by which the defendant's wife was to pay herself from the proceeds of the sale of the tickets, for her professional services. It was stated in evidence that some two hundred persons attended the concert, at the close of which 135 tickets were returned by defendant, the ticket-taker, to plaintiff; of the proceeds, however, the sum received by the plaintiff was a mere trifle, and on her applying to Mrs. Read for an account of the tickets sold by her, the latter accounted for but a few of those alleged to have been entrusted to her for sale, in all 130. The number of tickets issued altogether was 177. There was some difficulty in eliciting the facts of the case, from the excitable temper of the plaintiff. A former action on the same plaint as the above was nonsuited, the plaintiff having in error proceeded against the defendant's wife. For the defence it was contended that Mrs. Read had not disposed of the tickets enumerated, nor had she retained them for sale - that she merely put her initials to them, after which they were returned, or most of them, to plaintiff. Evidence was also given to show that, a day or two previous to that named for the concert, the price of the tickets was reduced one-half, and also that plaintiff complained of having herself lost a number of those tickets, for which she was now suing defendant. It was also contended that defendant was not liable, as it was without his concurrence, knowledge, or eonscnt, that his wife had acted in the matter, his nonor, in submitting the case to the assessors, explained the law of liability of husbands for the acts of their wives, and showed that in this case the husband had shown by his own acts that he had acquiesced in those of his wife, making him, therefore, liable. The question as to the reduction in the price of the tickets, and how much should be allowed for that reduction, was left to the assessors. The sum claimed was £27. The Court gave a verdict in favour of plaintiif; amount, £20 18s. Attorney for the plaintiff, Mr. Michael; for the defendant, Mr. Newbon.

TODD, Robert (Robert TODD)

Musician, bandsman (Band of the 58th Regiment)

Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 28 September 1844 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from Chatham, 14 May, via Hobart Town)
Departed (1) Sydney, NSW, ? April 1845 (for New Zealand, active there by 28 April)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 19 December 1846 (per Java, from Auckland, New Zealand, 5 December)
Active Parramatta, NSW, 1847
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 11 June 1847 (per Thomas Lowry, for New Zealand) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 58th Regiment


Pay list, 58th Regiment, 1 April to 30 June 1844; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office (DIGITISED)

1388 / Todd Rob't / . . . Embarked for New. S. Wales 14th May

NOTE: Band membership not indicated in this paylist

"PARRAMATTA. INQUEST ON KIRKLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1847), 3s

. . . Robert Todd, a bandsman in the 58th regiment, deposed that he knew Tatum and his wife, and had some knowledge of the deceased . . .

Pay list, 58th Regiment, 1 April to 30 June 1847; Australian Joint Copying Project, from Records of the UK War Office (DIGITISED)

1388 / Todd Robert / . . . To New Zealand 12 June / Band

TODT, Emil Hermann (Emil Hermann TODT; Herr TODT; Mr. TODT)

Musical amateur, amateur vocalist, artist, illustrator, sculptor

Born Berlin (Germany), 26 December 1809; baptised Nikolaikirche, Berlin, 11 February 1810; son of Johann Carl Theodor TODT and Mariane Catharine Thekla BRICKWICHER [?]
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 6 August 1849 (per Princess Louise, from Hamburg, 25 March)
Died Clifton Hill, VIC, 10 July 1900, aged "90/91" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier - DAAO) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, Nikolaikirche, Berlin, 1810; Nikolaikirke (Evangelische), 191/1 (PAYWALL)

Nr. 24 / Emil Hermann / [born] [26 December 1809] / [baptised] [11 February 1810] / [son of] Johann Carl Theodor Todt [and] Mariane Catharine Thekla Bruckwicher [?]

Passengers per Princess Louise, from Hamburg, 25 March 1849, for Adelaide, 6 August 1849; SA passengers in history 

. . . Emil Hermann Todt / 39 . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", South Australian Register (8 August 1849), 4 

Tuesday, August 7 - The ship Princess Louise, 356 tons, Bahr, master, from Hamburg and Rio Janeiro. Passengers . . . Dr. C. Mucke, wife, three children and mother-in-law . . . Tadt [sic] . . . Linger, wife, brother and one child . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Muecke (cleric); Carl Linger (musician)

"FINE ARTS", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (28 August 1854), 5 

As we become accustomed to the more sober and rational life which is fast replaclng the wild excitement of the first days of the gold discovery, it is to be hoped that we shall begin to pay a little more attention than we have yet done to the elegant and refined features of the arts and sciences. Upon examination it would be found that there is amongst us an undeveloped vein of talent in this way, of which we have but feeble conception. Of the abilities of Mr. Woolner, of the manner in which he remained unrecognised amongst us, and how he left us, we have often spoken. The neglect which he experienced, compared with his ready appreciation in Sydney, remains a sort of blot upon our national character. A German sculptor, of the name of Todt, has long been resident amongst us, and is now, for the first time here, about to devote himself to the cultivation of his art. Mr. Todt has just favored us with an inspection of a work upon which he is at present engaged, which indicates nothing short of genius of a high order. It consists of a couple of diggers, in their ordinary working dress; and the figures are not only natural and beautifully modelled, but the whole piece is interesting and truthful in the highest degree. The group, when completed, will be placed, we believe, in the approaching Local Exhibition; and we are certain that it will meet with great attention and general approval.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Woolner (artist, sculptor)

[Advertisement], The Age (13 February 1855), 1 

IN Aid of the Sufferers by the late Fire at Sandridge . . . will be given on THURSDAY EVENING NEXT, FEB. 15 . . .
VOCAL PERFORMERS: Mrs. Testar (her first appearance since her return from Hobart Town); Mrs. D'Alton; Miss Edwards;
Herr Prinz (his first appearance in Melbourne);
Mr. C. Young; Mr. Power; Herr Martin, Amateur; Herr Todt, Amateur; The German Amateur Glee Club.
Conductor on the Piano - Herr Elsasser.
PROGRAMME. Part I . . . 2 German Glees - German Amateur Glee Club . . .
4 Cavatina, "Roberto o tu che adoro," Mrs. D'Alton - Meyerbeer . . .
6 Duet - "O my beloved," Mrs. Testar and Herr Prinz (first time in this oolony) - Nicolai . . .
8 Song - "The Wanderer," Herr Prinz - Schubert.
9 Grand Air - "Casta diva," from "Norma," Mrs. Testar - Bellini . . .
Part II . . . 2 Grand Introduction to the Opera, "Don Juan," - Mozart.
The first time performed in this colony by Mrs. Testar, Herr Prinz, Herr Martin, and Herr Todd . . .
4 Song - "The rosebud droops," Mrs. D'Alton - Verdi.
5 Glee - "Spring's delights," Mrs. Testar and Miss Edwards, Herr Prinz and Mr. Power - Muller . . .
7 Comic Duet, " The singing lesson," Miss Edwards and Mr. Young.
8 German Glees: German Amateur Glee Club . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Elsasser (conductor); Mrs. D'Alton (vocalist); Miss Edwards (vocalist); Charles Young (actor, vocalist); William Pierce Power (vocalist); (? Philip) Martin and Todt were evidently members of the German Glee Club, of which Elsasser was probably already the director; Exhibition Building (Melbourne venue)

[News], The Argus (8 January 1885), 5

The funeral of an old colonist, a good musician, and respected citizen, took place yesterday afternoon in the Melbourne Cemetery, when the body of the late Carl Gottlieb Elsässer was committed to earth . . . Pastor Herlitz used the English tongue in reading the funeral service and the Scriptural passages customary for the occasion. The pall-bearers were Messrs. J. Herz, A. Küster, E. Simmonds, C. Berghoff, J. R. Edeson, J. Buddee, Todt, and H. Püttmann, and with these there was a large following of such members of the Metropolitan Liedertafel as were in town. At the moment the body was lowered into the grave there rose in the air the strains of the old German hymn, "Unter allen wipfeln ist ruh" - done into English by Edwin Exon, and commencing "Brother, now for ever farewell" - and the harmonies which swelled over the disappearing coffin suggested rest and peace for the liberated spirit . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edwin Exon (translator, vocalist); Julius Herz (musician); Julius Buddee (musician); Hermann Puttmann (amateur musician)

"DEATHS", The Argus (12 July 1900), 1 

TODT. - On the 10th July, at Clifton Hill, Emil Todt, a native of Berlin, Prussia, in his 91st year. (Interred on 11th July.)

TOLANO, Raphael (Raphael TOLANO; Mr. R. TOLANO)

Theatre proprietor (Lyceum Theatre, Sydney), publican, convict

Born London, England, c. 1817
Sentenced Old Bailey, London, 19/26 September 1836 (14 years transportation, aged "19")
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 October 1837 (convict per Charles Kerr, from England, 6 June)
Married Elizabeth CRABB (c. 1828-1910), Sydney, NSW, 1848
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 November 1896, aged "78" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Raphael Tolano, theft, pickpocketing, 19/26 September 1836; Old Bailey online (DIGITISED)

NEW COURT - tuesday, September 26th, 1836 . . .
2038. RAPHAEL TOLANO was indicted for stealing, on the 31st of August, 1 handkerchief, value 2s., the goods of Edward Ings, from his person . . .
GUILTY. Aged 19. - Transported for Fourteen Years.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE. Lessee, Mr. R. TOLANO. Stage Manager, mr. G. H. Rogers. Treasurer, Mr. C. Jones.
A Full and Efficient Orchestra of first class Artistes.
Leader and Director, Mr. G. Peck; Principal second Violin, Mr. Charles Bowen;
Flute, Mr. Palmer; Clarionet, Mr. McCoy; Double Bass, Mr. Seal; Bassoon, Mr. Wright;
Cornet, Mr. McHarnish; Drums and Triangle, Mr. Johnson . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (violin, leader); Andrew Seal 9double bass);

"METROPOLITAN DISTRICT COURT. FRIDAY. BEFORE J. S. DOWLING, Esq., Judge", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1862), 5 

This was an action for a wrongful dismissal of the plaintiff as leader of the orchestra at the Lyceum Theatre. The case came on for trial in December last, when the plaintiff was nonsuited on the ground that the plaint did not disclose a cause of action. In February last a new trial was granted, and shortly afterwards defendant sequestrated his estate, by which all further proceedings were stayed. Subsequently the estate was released from sequestration. The defendant, having given notice to the plaintiff to proceed to trial, now asked for an order directing the Registrar to place the cause in the list. The Judge, being of opinion that the cause was at an end, declined to make an order. Mr. Levy for plaintiff, Mr. Windeyer for defendant.

Bibliography and resources:

John Levi, These are the names: Jewish lives in Australia, 1788-1850 (Melbourne: Melbourne Univeristy Publishing, 2013) (PREVIEW)

Raphael Tolano, Convict records 


Amateur musician, flute player, SA Indigenous man, Aboriginal musician

Active Poonindie, Port Lincoln, SA, c. 1853-58 (shareable link to this entry)

Aboriginal man with flute, Poonindie, SA. c. 1858, photograph

Aboriginal man with flute, Poonindie, SA. c. 1858; daguerreotype, photograph copy; papers of Mathew Blagden Hale, Library, University of Bristol, DM130/241 (reproduced in Lydon and Braithwaite 2013) 

See also "Portrait of Samuel Kandwillan, a pupil of the natives' training institution, Poonindie, South Australia" (by J. M. Crossland) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: John Michael Crossland (painter); Mathew Blagden Hale (Anglican cleric)


"POONINDIE MISSION", South Australian Register [Adelaide, SA] (28 September 1858), 3 

September 18, 1858.
Having just returned from Port Lincoln and the Mission Station at Poonindie, where I have been spending a week, I thought you might like to hear what impression has been made on my mind, arising out of personal observation of the natives at the station. Mr. Hammond having met Mrs. H. and myself at Port Lincoln, escorted us to Poonindie . . .
I was particularly struck with the earnest, simple, and reverent manner of the natives during worship. My old friends Konwillan and Tolbonco (of St. John's Sunday-school) knew me at once, and appeared glad to see me. They always lead the hymns with their flutes; both of these young men read and conduct the services of our church by turns on Sunday morning, when Mr. Hammond is absent celebrating divine service at St. Thomas's, Port Lincoln. Most of the natives have a good ear for music, their time is correct, and they join most heartily in the responses as well as in the singing. It is most edifying to join in worship of the Almighty with these dark children of the soil . . .
I remain, with respect, My dear Lord Bishop,
Your faithful servant, G. W. HAWKES.

ASSOCIATIONS: Augustus Short (Anglican bishop of Adelaide); George Wright Hawkes (correspondent); Octavius Hammond (cleric); Samuel Conwillan (also Kandwillan); David Tolbonco (Tolbonko); see also "THE NATIVE MISSION AT PORT LINCOLN", Adelaide Observer (19 March 1853), 3 

Port Lincoln, February 14, 1853.
My dear Hawkins - Having long been desirous of visiting the Native Mission at Poonendie, under Archdeacon Hale, to ascertain its progress, and report to the Society upon the degree of success with which his disinterested efforts have been blessed, I gladly availed myself of a favourable opportunity, and . . . reached the settlement on Thursday, February 3rd . . . We held regular evening service at sundown; and after the second lesson I baptized Thomas Nytchie, James Naroring, Samuel Conwillan, Joseph Mudloug, David Tolbonko, John Wangaru, Daniel Toodko, Matthew Kowrie, Timothy Tartan, Isaac Petpowie, and Martha Tanda, wife of Conwillan . . .
I remain, yours truly, AUGUSTUS ADELAIDE.

"PARLIAMENTARY PAPER. PORT LINCOLN MISSION", The South Australian Advertiser (20 December 1858), 2 

Extracts from letters by Rev. E. K. Miller, and G. W. Hawkes, Esq., in reference to the Native Training Institution at Port Lincoln . . .
Mr. Miller then relates the system adopted for the religions culture of the natives. Prayers are read every morning at 7 o'clock; there is no compulsion to attend, although from 20 to 25 persons voluntarily attend on an average . . . The young acquire the knowledge of reading and writing more readily than their seniors, but the latter excel in music. Morning and evening prayers are generally opened with a hymn, the blacks leading the singing by two or the flutes. They can play accurately, and read music at sight . . . [also extracts from Hawkes's letter as above]

Bibliography and resources:

Mathew Blagden Hale papers; at Australian Joint Copying Project (DIGITISED)

Mathew Blagden Hale, The Aborigines of Australia, being an account of the institution for their education at Poonindie, in South Australia, founded in 1850 by the ven. Archdeacon Hale, a missionary of the S.P.G. (London: S.P.C.K., 1889), 85-87, 91 (see also 92 on later music) (DIGITISED)

[85] Appendix A. A VISIT TO POONINDIE.
The following is an extract from a letter written to Archdeacon Hale by a gentleman, long resident in the Colony of New South Wales, who, early in the year 1856, visited the Natives' Training Institution at Poonindie, Port Lincoln:
". . . I think you had sixty inmates when I visited your institution . . . [86] My feelings are not readily to be described when, as your guest, I heard the matins bell summoning the village to early worship; and, obeying its call, I found your chapel benches filled by civilized and baptized natives, who were repeating in my own tongue the responses of my own Church, and listening reverentially to the portion of the Scripture she dispenses to them daily, and observing a demeanour which would put many of those white men to shame, who, when they enter a church, are there ashamed to kneel. Not only by outward posture, but with heartfelt earnestness, did these men reverence the sanctuary. I heard the tone of their repetition, of the Confession. I heard the voice of their psalmody and thanksgivings in the accents of our own Church music, accompanied by their flutes, and I acknowledged that they were there my teachers. Here, then, was the further proof that these difficult and blind tribes can be brought to the light of faith, and can evidence it by their lives . . .

The following narrative of Mr. Goodwin's was read at the annual meeting of the members and friends of this Mission on the 19th Jan., 1860:
"I arrived at Port Lincoln (by the steamer Marion) on Sunday afternoon, November 27 [1859] . . . [87] . . . We arrived at Poonindie at 6 o'oclock p.m. ; at 7 the bell was rung for evening service, when all the adult native population and other residents assembled in the schoolroom, forming a congregation of about 35 to 40 persons. The Rev. O. Hammond read service, the whole congregation joining in the responses, in a devout and intelligent manner, confessing that they had ' done those things which they ought not to have done, and left undone those things which they ought to have done : reading in an audible yet subdued voice the alternate verses of the Psalms, the "Magnificat" and "Deus Misereatur;" professing their belief in God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and uniting in singing the praises of our Lord and Saviour - the singing being led by two men (aborigines) playing on flutes from written music before them, in a manner highly creditable to themselves, and most pleasing to hear. The hymn sung was "Lo! He comes in clouds descending." Mr. Hammond, in a simple and impressive manner, addressed them on the subject of Our Lord's second coming, and the service concluded by singing the hymn, "Lord, dismiss us with Thy blessing." I never saw a more quiet, orderly and attentive congregation . . . (DIGITISED)

[91] Appendix C.
The following account of the Poonindie Native Settlement, South Australia, is from The Melbourne Missionary:
". . . There is an educational establishment, where some of the pupils can show creditable specimens of penmanship, &c. Singing classes for practising sacred music are held in the church. Everybody looked fat, happy and clean . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mathew Blagden Hale (Anglican cleric)

Jane Lyndon and Sari Braithwaite, "'Cheque shirts and plaid trowsers': photographing Poonindie Mission, South Australia", Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia (special edition Aboriginal missions) 37 (December 2013), 1-30

TOLHURST, George (George TOLHURST; Mr. G. TOLHURST; Mr. TOLHURST) see main page George TOLHURST
TOLHURST, William Henry (William Henry TOLHURST; W. H. TOLHURST; Mr. TOLHURST, sen.) see main page William Henry TOLHURST

TOLMER, Alexander (Alexander TOLMER; Captain TOLMER)

Amateur musician, violinist

Born England, c. 1815
Married (1) (clandestinely) Mary Dunning CARTER (c. 1814-1867), Rochester, Kent, 1836
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 February 1840 (per Branken Moor from London, 4 September 1839)
Married (2) Jane DOUGLAS, Mount Schank station, SA, 14 October 1869
Died Mitcham, SA, 7 March 1890, aged 74/75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Alexander Tolmer


As a child, Tolmer took lessons on the violin from Isaac Collins (1797-1871), the so-called "English Paganini".


"ANNIVERSARY OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODD FELLOWS", South Australian Register (16 April 1845), 3 

. . . Tune - "Rise Gentle Moon," by Brother Tolmer, on the violin, accompanied by Brother Bennett on the piano, which, on being loudly encored, was repeated . . . A tune on the Violin, by Brother Tolmer . . . Mr. Phipson . . . proposed "Dr. Kent, Mr. Ewens, Mr. Bennett, Mr. Tolmer, and the other gentlemen who had enlivened the Company with their songs and music." Brother Tolmer returned thanks . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Bennett (pianist); William Ewens (vocalist); Benjamin Kent (vocalist)

MUSIC: Rise gentle moon (Barnett)

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER OF THE HOPE LODGE OF ODDFELLOWS", Adelaide Observer (14 November 1846), 5-6 

. . . Captain Tolmer favoured the company with one of his exquisite performances on the violin, which was warmly encored . . .

"HOPE LODGE OF ODDFELLOWS", South Australian Register (11 November 1848), 2 

. . . Brother Tolmer delighted the assembly with a brilliant execution of the "Queen's March" on the violin, which was rapturously though unreasonably encored . . .

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (2 February 1849), 2 

The Quarterly Conversazione of the Mechanics' Institute was held on Tuesday evening, in the New Exchange Room, which was crowded by the members and many visitors . . . The gentlemen of the Choral Society gave their valuable assistance, and acquitted themselves well in the overture to Tancredi - it was most effective. The next song was by Mr. Fischer, accompanied by Mr. Sayler on the pianoforte . . . Mrs. Murray sang as usual, with taste and execution. The violin performance of Mr. Tolmer was beyond praise. His taste and his feeling must attract the notice immediately, even of a stranger. He attempts not to astonish the vulgar by a meretricious flare of execution, yet he pleases all. He was enthusiastically encored . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgiana Murray (vocalist, pianist); George Fischer (vocalist); Mr. Seyler (pianist); Adelaide Choral Society

"HERR RHODES'S VIOLIN. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (20 December 1887), 6 

. . . With regard to my own violin, it has been in my family upwards of 200 years, and belonged to my great grandfather, a German. I brought it with me to England from France in 1823, and although but a child and hardly able to speak a word of English, my father placed me under the tuition of the late celebrated violinist, Collins, at Plymouth, who in after years was known as the "English Paganini." The inscription in the body of the instrument is in the original type, and although greatly obliterated is still discernible as bearing the name of Joseph Guanerius, who was the father of Andre, the alleged maker of Herr Rhodes's violin, and consequently of greater antiquity. I sincerely trust, therefore, that before Herr Rhodes leaves Adelaide he will consent to have the two instruments examined by connoisseurs on a day to be hereafter named as to their genuineness and relative value, &c.
I am, Sir, &c. ALEX.TOLMER. Mitcham, December 17.

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF CAPTAIN TOLMER. AN ADVENTUROUS CAREER", South Australian Register (17 March 1890), 1 supplement 

. . . Mr. Tolmer was born in England in 1815. His mother died when he was an infant, and he was sent to France in charge of relatives. Leaving France at eight years of age he went to Plymouth, where his father was a professor and teacher of languages. He was placed in the local Grammar-school, and making rapid progress he quickly obtained a good knowledge of English. Thus early, too, under the tuition of Collins, the celebrated violinist, known afterwards as the "English Paganini," he learnt to play the violin, and was up to the time of his death an efficient performer upon that instrument . . .

Other sources:

Reminiscences of an adventurous and chequered career at home and at the Antipodes by Alexander Tolmer . . . vol. 1 (London: Samson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1882), especially 131-32 (DIGITISED) 

[131] . . . [on arrival in 1840] After repeated researches and inquiries, however, I ascertained there were two rooms to be had in a brick cottage somewhere near Hindley Street, which I at once engaged at 25s. per week. The rooms were small, unceiled, and with brick floors; still I thought myself lucky in having secured them. The cottage contained a third room, which was tenanted by two young men, named Bennett and Platts; old colonists will remember them both. Poor George Bennett was a teacher of music. He was an excellent pianist, and invariably took part at all convivial parties and entertainments, held either at the Freemasons' Tavern or Queen's Theatre. I especially remember, in the earlier part of February 1841, a comedy or farce called the "Heir at Law," followed by the "Merry Monarch," being performed at the theatre, for some charitable purpose, by amateurs, in the acting of which, George Hamilton and the late Charley Campbell took part, assisted by Mrs. Cameron and Miss Lazaar, and Messrs. Lazaar and Lewis, who were then professionals. Charles Campbell's amusing song was actually drowned by the vociferous laughter . . . [132] . . . On the same occasion I played a solo on the violin on the stage, accompanied by Bennett. As well as I can remember, it was the Grand Triumphal March in "Masaniello" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Bennett (musician); Charles Platts (musician, music seller); Cordelia Cameron (actor); John Lazar (actor); Rachel Lazar (actor); George W. B. Lewis (actor)

. . . vol. 2 (London: Samson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1882), especially 280 (DIGITISED) 

[280] . . . From the first of my appointment on the 19th February, 1840, as sub-inspector of mounted police, until my office of superintendent was abolished on the 1st March, 1856, I was always admitted a guest at Government House . . . Well do I remember besides the delightful "at homes" (musical evening parties) given by Lady Young, to which I was especially invited, and in which I took part with my violin, accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Murray . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgiana Murray (pianist, vocalist); Augusta Young (d. 1913, wife of governor Henry Young)

Bibliography and resources:

J. Mayo, "Tolmer, Alexander (1815-1890)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976) 


Musician, accordeon player, vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1850 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal [Melbourne, VIC] (11 April 1850), 3 

WHEN several eminent Vocalists have kindly offered their services upon this occasion.
Harp - Mr. Whitney.
First Violin - Mr. Kent, (From the Concert Rooms, Sydney.)
Second Violin- Mr. J. McLeish.
Flute - Mr. Whittenbury.
The Accordeon Melodist - Mr. J. Tomlin, who has kindly offered his services on this occasion, and who will sing and perform some of his celebrated solos, also imitating the Merry Bells of England, the Post Horn the Fife, the Church Organ, and the Hurdy-gurdy.
Messrs. Wilson, Tomlin, Brown, Slater, [Jervis], Peacock, Burrows, and several gentlemen and lady amateurs will condescend to sing on this occasion.
The National Anthem will be sung by the whole Company.
The amusements of the evening will consist of Duets, Glees, Solos, Brave Songs, Comic Songs, and Recitations.
Mr. Whittenbury will play a solo on the flute, The Maniac's Dream.
The evening's entertainments will be leavened by the Band performing between the song[s].
Tickets to be had of Mr. S. Alexander, tobacconist, Collins-street; Mr. Buttolph, confectioner, Swanston-street; Mr. Adams, [?], corner of Elizabeth-street; the Royal Exchange Hotel, the Rainbow Hotel, the Australia Felix Hotel, the Britannia Hotel;
Mr. Whitney, boot and shoe maker, Great Bourke-street; Mr. Heather, carpenter and joiner, Great Bourke-street.

TOMLIN, John Vanhear (John Vanhear TOMLIN)

Musician, seaman

Born London, England, 1828; baptised St. Pancras, Old Church, 7 September 1828; son of William TOMLIN and Ann VANHEAR
? Active Sydney, NSW, c. 1859
Died Ramsgate, Kent, England, 25 November 1897; buried Margate, 30 November 1897 (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Saint Pancras, in the County of Middlesex, in the Year [1828]; register, 1828-32, page 45; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

[1828 September] 7 / No. 1301 / John Vanhear / [son of] William & Ann / Tomlin / Thornbury Mews / Cow Keeper / . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1859), 1  

TOMLIN. - JOHN VANHEAR TOMLIN, Musician, is earnestly requested to communicate with his family at 39, Drummond-street, Euston-square, London, or return to England immediately, his Father having been dead nearly three years . . .

England census, 1861, St. Pancras, Middlesex; UK National Archives, RG 9 / 111 (PAYWALL)

39 [Drummond Street] / William C. Tomlin / Head / 36 / Tobacconist / [born] Middlesex St Pancras
John V. Tomlin / Brother / 32 / Seaman (merchant service) / [born Middlesex St Pancras]
Ann [Tomlin] / Mother / 67 // Lucy A. [Tomlin] / Sister / 28 . . .

TOMPSON, Charles (Charles TOMPSON)

Songwriter ("Australasianus")

Born Sydney, NSW, 26 June 1807; baptised 26 July 1807, son of Charles TOMPSON (c. 1784-1871) and Elizabeth BOGGIS (1792-1822)
Married Hannah MORRIS (C. 1874), St. Matthew's church, Windsor, NSW, 12 April 1830
Died Glebe, NSW, 5 January 1883, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Native born settler poet, Tompson's Wild notes: from the lyre of a native minstrel (Sydney, 1826), included his "A Song, for January 26, 1824", previously published in the Gazette in 1824 under his pen-name "Australasianus", and a song "Mira, the flower of the vale", to be sung to the air of Jessie, the flower of Dumblane.

Offering no evidence, John Maloney hazarded that Tompson also "probably" wrote the lyrics for Thomas Kavanagh's bravura song The trumpet sounds Australia's fame, as performed at the Sydney Amateur Concerts, the text published in the Australian in July 1826.


"A SONG WRITTEN FOR THE XXVITH JANUARY LAST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 March 1824), 4

WHEN first above the briny surge
AUSTRALIA rear'd her tow'ring crest,
The roaring gales, confounded, fled,
The troubled billows sunk to rest;
And proud, above the azure flood,
Fix'd and immoveable SHE stood . . . [7 more verses]

"BLACK TOWN", The Monitor (2 June 1826), 6

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (17 June 1826), 4

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

[Review], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 November 1826), 3 

. . . Mr. Tompson's song of "Mira, the flower of the vale," is nearly a transcript of Tannahill's "Jessie, the flower o'Dumblane," with the difference that it neither possesses the simplicity nor pathos of the original. Besides, he has introduced two Scotch words into the song for no other reason that we can perceive, than that of rhyme. We give the lines in which they occur, and leave our readers to form their judgment.-
"Than the blooming young rose-bud her cheeks are more bonnie,
Compared with her lips the red coral is pale,
far sweeter, and fairer, and dearer than any,
Is lovely young Mira, the flower of the vale . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1883), 1

TOMPSON. - January 5, at Teddington, Pyrmont Bridge-road, Glebe Point, Charles Tompson, formerly clerk of the Legislative Assembly, aged 76.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1883), 7

IN our issue of Saturday last, the death was announced of Mr. Charles Tompson, formerly Clerk of the Legislative Assembly. The deceased gentleman, who was 76 years of age, entered the public service when a young man as a clerk in the office of the Colonial Secretary, and afterwards held the appointment of Clerk of the Bench, or Clerk of Petty Sessions, as the office is now called, at Penrith and at Camden. He then became third clerk in the Legislative Assembly at the time when responsible government was inaugurated, and subsequently, through the removal of his two senior colleagues, one after the other, to the position of Clerk of Parliaments in the Legislative Council, Mr. Tompson received the appointment of Clerk of the Legislative Assembly. This important office, to which he was appointed in 1860, he filled for nine years, and then he retired with a pension under the Superannuation Act. As Clerk of the Assembly his courteous and affable demeanour to all with whom he came in contact won for him general esteem. He was always accessible and was very obliging to the representatives of the press; and he was very much liked by hon. members. Many of those he has left behind who knew him in his chair in the Assembly will feel regret at his decease, though it occurred after he had reached in life the allotted three score years and ten.


Wild notes from the lyre of a native minstrel, by Charles Tompson, jun. (Sydney: Robert Howe, Govt. Printer, 1826) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) (TRANSCRIPT DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Tompson, Charles (1807-1883)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

John Neylon Maloney, The native-born: the first white Australians (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000), 112-20 (PREVIEW)

[115]. . . "The trumpet sounds Australia's fame", unsigned, but probably by Tompson . . .

Charles Tompson 1807-1883, Australian royalty 

TOMS, C. Reginald (Charles Reginald TOMS; Mr. C. Reginald TOMS)

Professor of music, pianist, music teacher and examiner, composer

Born Liverpool, England, 12 September 1849; baptised St. Catherine's church, 5 January 1850, son of Charles James TOMS (d. 1881) and Mary Lydia
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by July 1872
Married Lavinia BOURNE (c. 1863-1941), Sydney, NSW, 18 December 1884
Died Killara, NSW, 17 September 1922 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1872) 10

PROGRAMME, PART I . . . 5. Solo (Piano)-"Andante" and "Rondo Capriccioso" - Mendelssohn
Herr C. REGINALD TOMS (from the principal Musical Societies of Europe, his first appearance in Australia) . . .
PART II . . . 3. Grand Duo (Violin and Piano) - Sonata, largo and allegro - Tartini
HERR F. ZEIGHEER HERMANN (His first appearance since his return from Europe) and HERR C. REGINALD TOMS . . .
Conductor - Mr. JOHN DEANE . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Deane (conductor); Frederick Zeughur Hermann (violinist); Sydney Philharmonic Society

"MISS EMANUEL'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1873), 4

The complimentary concert to Miss Emanuel at the School of Arts, yesterday evening, attracted a huge audience . . . The instrumental portion of the concert fell to the lot of Mr. Alfred Anderson, R.A.M., and Mr. Reginald Toms - both pianists . . . Mr. Toms is also a performer of considerable merit, and he chose one of Mendelssohn's choicest compositions for a display of his power, namely, the "Rondo Caprice," a piece which requires neat manipulation, with very marked expression. It was skilfully performed . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carrie Emanuel (vocalist); Alfred Anderson (pianist)

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1887), 16

"Lavinia," by C. Reginald Toms (W. H. Paling and Co.), is a short piece of music, unpretentious in style, and yet of considerable merit. It has, perhaps, less of what is popularly known as "tune" than the designation on the title-page, of "Song Without Words " might lead one to expect, but the piece is none the worse on that account rather better, in fact. Now-a-days we get too much "tune without music," which is no paradox, any more than is the fact that some of the noblest compositions represent "Music Without Tune," popularly so-called. Mr. Toms' morceau makes higher appeal than, what mere tunefulness can ever attain to. It is well written, and contains not a few progressions which are refreshingly unconventional; while there is a vein of tender sadness pervading the whole that portrays a "sweet sorrow" such us many temperaments love to indulge in. The piece is excellently printed, bearing every evidence of European craft, and is, in every way, a great improvement on the usual colonial style of manu-lithographic music printing.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1888), 4

From Messrs. Paling and Co. we have received several new publications . . . "Ada," a song without words for the pianoforte, by C. Reginald Toms, is a musicianly composition, of no great pretentions, perhaps, but well conceived and neatly expressed. In style it has a tendency to remind one of Sterndale-Bennett's mode of expression, but this must not be understood as involving a charge of plagiarism, the composition bearing evidence of independent thought. It improves upon a second or third hearing, as the melody has qualities that lie deeper than the surface. A judicious arrangement for the violin would reveal many points of beauty which the pianoforte is powerless to express, and in the hands of an artistic performer would be highly effective.

"New Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (6 July 1889), 15 

Mr. Reginald C. Toms, the well-known teacher of music, has composed "Veronica," which he calls a song without words, though to our thinking his reason for so doing is hardly made clear. However, he has produced a very agreeable piano forte solo piece which will be acceptable to many young players. There is abundant melody to please the ear, and it is harmonised so as to reward and benefit young students, to whom such pieces have a special value, as, they combine the advantages of an etude with the charms of a drawing-room solo.

"PROFESSOR OF MUSIC", Warwick Argus (20 January 1894), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

TOMS. - September 17, 1922, at his residence, 109 Berry-street, North Sydney, Charles Reginald, beloved husband of Lavinia Toms, aged 73 years.

"MR. C. REGINALD TOMS. MUSICIAN'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

One of the oldest professors of music in Sydney, Mr. C. Reginald Toms, died yesterday morning at Killara. Although for the last ten years he had retired from the active part of his profession as a teacher, he remained well known through his connection with the examining staff of the London College of Music, under the organising secretary in this State, Mr. S. Chudleigh. Mr. Toms' father was himself a celebrated musician in London in his day. When first he arrived in Sydney Mr. Reginald Toms was acclaimed as one of the leading solo pianists of the city, and remained so for many years. He carried on hia teaching work at Paling's buildings until about ten years ago, then retired from it, but retained his position as examiner to the time of his death. His period of service in this capacity extended over 27 years. During that time he was a most popular examiner. Mr. Toms was born in England on September 19 [recte, 12], 1849, and was thus within three days of completing his 73rd year. He leaves a widow, but no children.

Musical works:

Veronica (3rd song without words for pianoforte by C. Reginald Toms) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1889] (DIGITISED)

TOOGOOD, William (William TOOGOOD)

Publican, convict, emancipist, actor

Born Coventry, Warwickshire, England, 1806; baptised St. John the Baptist, Coventry, 16 April 1806; son of William TOOGOOD (d. 1828) and Sarah ?
Convicted Buckinghamshire, 15 July 1822 (life, transportation)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 March 1823 (convict per Surrey, from England, 2 October 1822, aged "19" [sic])
Active Emu Plains convict theatre, NSW, 1830
Died Sydney, NSW, 7 December 1853, aged "47" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TOOGOOD, Alfred (Alfred TOOGOOD)

Music saloon proprietor, publican, convict, emancipist

Born Coventry, Warwickshire, England, 1814; baptised St. Michael's church, Coventry, 11 July 1814; son of William TOOGOOD (d. 1828) and Sarah ?
Convicted at Warwick, Coventry Assizes, term of life, 24 March 1832
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1 February 1833 (convict per Georgiana, from England, 28 September)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841
Married (1) Ann COLLINS (d. 1852), St. Peter's church, Cook's River, NSW, 1842
Married (2) Rachel Sarah WEBBER (d. 1860), Christ church, Sydney, NSW, 31 March 1853
Married (3) Esther CARROLL, Sydney, NSW, 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1867, aged "54" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Saloon (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, St. John the Baptist, Coventry, 1806; register 1775-1812; Warwickshire County Record Office, 411 (PAYWALL)

[1806] April . . . 16 / William son of William & Sarah Toogood

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Michael in the county of Coventry in the year 1814; register 1813-24, page 54; Warwickshire County Record Office, Engl/2/1028, DRO 90/14 (PAYWALL)

No. 428 / [1814 July] 11th / Alfred son of / William & Sarah / Toogood / St. Michael / Watchmaker . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (3 November 1830), 4 

ON the Evening of Saturday, the 30th November, this private Theatre will be opened with the celebrated national Tragedy of DOUGLAS.
Young Norval - William Toogood.
Lord Randolph - William Toogood . . .
Between the Pieces, sundry Amusements.
To conclude with the Farce of the PADLOCK . . .
Second Scholar, Henry Aldis.
Mungo, William Toogood . . .
Doors open at 7, to commence at half-past 7.

"TICKETS OF LEAVE", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1841), 2 

PRINCIPAL Superintendent of Convicts' Office, Sydney, 20th April, 1841. - The undermentioned male Prisoners of the Crown have obtained tickets-of-leave since the last day of publication, viz - . . . COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND . . . Sydney - . . . Alfred Toogood, Georgiana . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

TOOGOOD'S SALOON, which will be opened under different management, and as puffing will not be resorted to, A. T. would merely mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity in endeavouring to render his saloon one of the greatest attractions in the city. -
Behold !!! All this Talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, Every Night for One Week, with other Artistes.
The BUCKINGHAM FAMILY AND TROUPE. Largest Operatic Company out of England.
Having at great expense engaged the following artistes:
- Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice; Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso; Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer; Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist; Miss Buckingham, the talented singer; Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer; Master G. R. Buckingham, the flute player; Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer (called the Old Musketeer); Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer (Paddy Malone); Master H. Buckingham, the nautical singer (Red, White, and Blue, &c.).
N.B. Artistes requiring engagements, will please apply by letter to - G. H. BUCKINGHAM, Toogood's Saloon.
WANTED, a Cornet Player.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Buckingham (vocalist, manager, Buckingham family of entertainers); Simon Glogoski (violinist)

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. Thursday", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1858), 2 

. . . A considerable time was occupied in investigating a quarrel between Mr. Alfred Toogood, of the Rainbow Tavern, and Mr. George H. Buckingham, whose musical family have for some time past drawn considerable numbers to frequent the Rainbow Concert Room. Mr. Roberts conducted Mr. Toogood's case; and Mr. Michael appeared as counsel for Mr. Buckingham. Some misunderstanding appears to have for some time existed between them, and on Thursday evening Mr. Toogood (for the purpose, he alleged, of confining the noise of the music to the concert room) put up a door, which at the commencement of the lease of the room to Buckingham was for his convenience taken off its hinges; while Toogood was on his knees thus employed, Buckingham having to pass him, stepped over him, and then, lifting his heel, struck Toogood therewith on his side. On the other side, it was denied that Toogood was kicked, or even touched, as described, but if he was it was accidental and not of design. Toogood deposed that he then told defendant that if he (Buckingham) kicked him again he would give him a rap with the hammer with which he was fixing the door. Buckingham, on the other hand, alleged that without complaining of having been kicked, Toogood threatened that if he came in his way again he would knock him down with the hammer. This trumpery affair occupied two gentlemen on the Bench and two attorneys for nearly two hours. Their worships found Buckingham guilty of an assault, and sentenced him to pay a penalty of 1s., and recommended him to withdraw his complaint against Toogood for threatening language, which he did.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1860), 1

TOOGOOD'S MUSIC SALOON. - Engagement of Mr. GEORGE PECK, the talented violinist, for two nights, who will perform solos on one string only. Monster attraction. For further particulars, see programme, Monday.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Peck (violinist)

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1860), 8

. . . Eight publicans were fined for offences against the Licensing Act . . . Alfred Toogood, for allowing music in his house, not having obtained permission, 10s. . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1866), 2 

. . . On the summons paper were nineteen cases, of which three were dismissed and nine were not prosecuted. . . . Alfred Toogood was fined 2s. 6d. for having, in violation of the Publican's Act, permitted music in his house . . .

"DEATHS", Empire (29 May 1867), 1 

On the 28th instant, at his residence, the Rainbow Tavern, King and Pitt streets, ALFRED TOOGOOD, aged 54 years.

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Jordan, The convict theatres of early Australia 1788-1840 (Sydney: Currency House Inc., 2002), 168-70

"Alfred Toogood (1814-1867)", Australian royalty

"Alfred Toogood", facebook 

TOOLE, Thomas (Thomas TOOLE; T. TOOLE; Mr. TOOLE)

Theatrical mechanist, carpenter

Active Melbourne and Geelong, NSW (VIC), c. 1847-49 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (27 February 1847), 2 

. . . We understand Alonzo will be produced on Monday night. A first rate mechanist, Mr. Toole, has been preparing the machinery for some time back, and we understand has it now finished: the lovers of the wonderful and the horrible may have their propensities fully gratified by attending on that occasion . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Queen's Theatre (Melbourne venue)

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Melbourne Argus (25 May 1847), 3 

An inquest was holden at the Rose, Shamrock, and Thistle Inn, Elizabeth-street, yesterday, before W. B. Wilmott, Esq., coroner, on view of the body of Daniel Parsons Grove, late stage manager of the Queen's theatre . . .
Mr. Thomas Toole deposed to having known deceased for 16 years, during the whole of which time he had been a hard drinker . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Parsons Grove (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 November 1848), 2 

? "DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (3 September 1879), 3 

Toole - On the 10th August, at his residence, East Geelong, Thomas Toole, aged 68 years.

BDM VIC 7892/1879 gives his place of birth as Sydney, his parents as Mary Dennison and James Talbot Toole; however he was perhaps the Thomas Toole, carpenter's assistant, aged 17, born Dublin, c. 1809, who arrived in Sydney, NSW, as a convict (7 years) on the Phoenix on 25 December 1826

TOPP, Arthur Manning (Arthur Manning TOPP)

Amateur musician, pianist

Born Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, 1844 (4th quarter); son of Samuel TOPP (1799-1884) and Sarah Blanchard CLAPHAM (1811-1890)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1858
Married Leonora Leila SANDERS (c. 1864-1954), VIC, 1885
Died Hawksburn, VIC, 17 January 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



The distribution of prizes at the Church of England Grammar School, St. Kilda Road, came off yesterday shortly before noon . . . The award of prizes was made in the great hall, in the presence of a large number of ladies and gentlemen. The platform and its vicinity was occupied by his Excellency the Governor, the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, the Very Rev. the Dean of Melbourne; the Principal of the school, Dr. Bromby, the Vice-Principal, Rev. Mr Baxter, and the Rev. S. L. Chase, who officiated as chaplain. The Council of the School were also in attendance. The pupils, about 100 in number, seemed fully alive to the interest of the occasion . . .
The next business on the programme was the recitations and music . . . The singing class sung, "When the Rosy Morn" very prettily . . . Master Topp's sonata from Beethoven, with funeral march, was an accomplished piece of fingering, which must have required long and severe training . . . The valse brilliante on the piano, by Masters A'Beckett and Bromby, was a little gem in its way, and was all but encored . . . The proceedings were brought to a close with Russell's favorite piece of music "Rouse, brothers, rouse," which was rendered by the singing class in a spirited manner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward Hippius Bromby (piano)

"ST. KILDA CHURCH OF ENGLAND GRAMMAR SCHOOL", The Age (15 December 1860), 5 

Yesterday being the Christmas "speech-day" at the St. Kilda Grammar School . . . The following programme of speeches and musical performances was then gone through in a most creditable manner by the pupils, whose names are specified in the list . . .
Wedding march (duett) Bromby, mi., Topp, Ma. - Mendelssohn . . .
Since first I saw your face - Singing Class - Ford . . .
Les Hirondelles (duett) - A'Beckett, Bromby, ma. - Streich . . .
Invitation a la Valse - Topp, ma. - Weber . . .
Oft in the stilly night (duett) - Bromby, mi., A'Beckett - Brinley Richards . . .
Come if you dare - Singing Class - Purcell . . .

"PERSONAL", The Argus (19 January 1916), 10 

The many friends of Mr. Arthur Manning Topp will be grieved to learn of his death, which occurred on Monday night at his residence, Cromwell road, Hawksburn. Mr. Topp was born at Huddersfield, Yorkshire, in 1844, and was the eldest son of the late Samuel Topp, who came to Melbourne in 1855, and was for many years engaged in the woollen trade. The family came out in 1858, and Mr. A. M. Topp was one of the pupils who attended on the day of the opening of the Church of England Grammar school. Later on he joined his father in business, but his tastes soon led him into literary work, with which he was identified for many years. He was one of the founders of the "Melbourne Review" in 1876, and was a member of the editorial committee. In 1882 he joined the staff of "The Argus" as cable sub-editor, and he held that position for about 20 years. Subsequently he regularly contributed reviews and leading articles to "The Argus" and "The Australasian," until failing health compelled him to relinquish this service. For nearly two years he was practically bed-ridden, and his condition unhappily left no hope of his recovery. He leaves a widow and two sons - Mr. A. B. Topp and Mr. W. A. Topp, the latter being a member of the Australian Imperial Forces in Egypt. One of his brothers, Mr. S. St. John Topp, the well-known equity barrister, died several years ago, and his surviving brother is Mr. C. A. Topp, I.S.O., formerly public service commissioner of Victoria. The late Mr. A. M. Topp was a man of very wide reading; he had a remarkable knowledge of international affairs and politics. His literary gifts were of a high order, and his colleagues will ever remember him for his power of incisive criticism, for his sane outlook, and for his happy temperament, which endeared him to everyone.


Actor, comedian, clown, dancer, scene painter, decorator, theatrical artist, theatrical manager, theatre proprietor

Born London, England, 22 September 1814; baptised St. Dunstan, Stepney, 27 November 1814; son of Andrew TORNING and Ann ?
Married Eliza CREW, St. Leonard's church, Shoreditch, England, 9 July 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (per Trial, from London, via Rio de Janeiro, 18 August, and Plymouth, 18 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, May 1859 (for San Francisco)
Returned Sydney, NSW, December 1867 (from San Francisco)
Died Manly, NSW, 13 April 1900, aged "86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


Actor, dancer, vocalist

Born London, England, c. 1813/14; daughter of William and Ann CREW
Married Andrew TORNING, St. Leonard's church, Shoreditch, England, 9 July 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1842 (per Trial, from London, via Rio de Janeiro, 18 August, and Plymouth, 18 May)
Departed Sydney, NSW, May 1859 (for San Francisco)
Returned Sydney, NSW, December 1867 (from San Francisco)
Died Waterloo, NSW, November 1887, aged 74 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Andrew Torning Eliza Torning

Andrew and Eliza Torning


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Dunstan Stepney in the county of Middlesex in the year 1814; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. [-] [1814 November] 27 / Born Sep'r 22 / Andrew Son of / Andrew & Ann / Torning / Mile End Old Town / Master Mariner

Marriages solemnized in the Parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch . . . in the year 1832; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

Andrew Torning of this Parish Bachelor
and Eliza Crew of this Parish Spinster were married in this Church by Banns this [9 July 1832] . . . in the presence of Ann Crew, Geo. Yarrow . . .

England census, 1841, St. Leonard's, Shoreditch; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 707 / 6 (PAYWALL)

Andrew Torning / 27 / Painter / [born in same county]
Eliza [Torning] / 27 / - / [born in same county]
Thomas [Torning] / 7 / - / [born in same county]
Eliza [Torning] / 5 / - / [born in same county]

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 July 1842), 2 

By the Ganges, the Acting Proprietor has received intelligence of the following engagements for the Victoria: Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. and Mrs. Bonder, and Mr. and Mrs. Andrews; they may be expected in all August; report speaks favourably of their capabilities. Mr. Andrews brings with him his two celebrated dogs, both of which have appeared with much success at various minor theatres.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Knight (acting theatre proprietor); Joseph Wyatt (proprietor); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1842), 2 

From London, via Rio Janeiro, yesterday, having left Plymouth 18th May, and Rio Janeiro 18th August, the barque Trial, 340 tons, Captain Day, with a general cargo. Passengers - . . . intermediate, Mr. and Mrs. Andrews and two children, Mr. and Mrs. James, Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs and child . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: J. B. James (actor); Mrs. James (Madame Louise) (dancer); Eliza Gibbs (vocalist, actor); John Gibbs (violinist, musician)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1842), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. The Public is respectfully informed that the following Ladies and Gentlemen, from the London Theatres, having arrived, they will shortly make their appearance at this Theatre in the course of the Entertainments now under preparation: MADAME LOUISE, MADAME TORNING, MRS. GIBBES,
MR. TORNING ANDREWS, MR. J. B. JAMES, AND MR. GIBBES, Leader of the Orchestra and Musical Director.

"THEATRE", The Australian (31 October 1842), 2 

The elections occupy so much of our time, that we have not much space to bestow on the now performers, ex TRIAL, who appeared on Thursday evening last. The piece selected for their debut was the "Somnambulist", Madame Torning assumed the character of Ernestine, and, Mr. James that of Edmund. Madame T., on her first appearance before a Sydney audience, acquitted herself in this peculiar character, in a pleasing manner . . .

"THEATRE", The Australian (2 November 1842), 2 

On Monday evening Mr. Torning and Madame Louise made their first appearance before a Sydney audience, in Buckstone's Drama of "The Dream at Sea." Mr. Torning in the character of Ralph, acquitted himself well, and will prove a useful man in the ballet department . . .

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1842), 3 

Buckstone's comedy of RURAL FELICITY, and a ballet called PONT NEUF, have been produced at the Theatre this week . . . The ballet is amusing, and there is some pretty dancing by Mrs. Torning, and Mrs. Louise, and a very good grotesque dance by Mr. Torning, who appears at home in the ballet department. The ballet will bear repeating but should be shortened. The house is generally very respectably attended.

"CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1842), 2 

A pantomime, called the Fairy of the Coral Cave, was brought out at the Victoria Theatre last night, under the management of Mr. Torning. The introductory scenes are laughable, and after the change, Mr. Torning as Clown, Mr. Lee as Pantaloon, Mr. Chambers as Harlequin, and Madame Louise as Columbine, went with considerable ability through the usual evolutions of a pantomime, interspersed with a number of pretty dances and amusing tricks. Some of the scenery is very good, particularly the fairy scene, with which the piece opens and closes. The house was crowded in every part.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Herman Selwyn Lee (actor); Joseph Chambers (dancer)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Australian (15 February 1844), 3 

The production at this theatre, of the opera of CINDERELLA, must be regarded as an epoch in the progress of Colonial taste, which will hereafter be referred to with feelings of pride and pleasure . . . The respective characters of Cinderella, the Fairy Queen, the Two Sisters, Prince Floridor, II Magnifico, and Dandini, were filled by Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. S. W. Wallace, Mesdames Louise and Torning, Mrs. Gibbs, Mr. Lazar, and Mr. J. Simmons; and to each and all must our cordial praise be awarded . . . Very little has been done by either the scene painter or the mechanist for Cinderella, and that little is in very mediocre taste. We must also advert to the bad judgment which permitted the introduction of Mr. Torning's repulsive buffoonery in the palace scenes. Coarse vulgarity, however it may be endured in a Christmas pantomime, is akin to sacrilege in an opera of Rossini's, and as Cinderella promises to attract full and fashionable audiences, we trust that we shall have no further occasion to revert to this offensive stain in the performance.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Wallace Bushelle (actor, vocalist); Caroline Wallace (actor, vocalist); John Lazar (actor, vocalist); Joseph Simmons (actor, vocalist)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1848), 2 

Under the immediate patronage of Captain OWEN STANLEY, Lieutenant YULE, and Officers of H. M. S. Rattlesnake and Bramble.
Mr. TORNING, in announcing his FAREWELL BENEFIT, hopes to meet with that support it has ever been his study to merit. The Evening's Entertainments will commence with Edward Fitzball's Nautical Drama, entitled THE HAUNTED HULK! or, A BRITISH SAILOR'S FIDELITY . . . Patty Maggs, Madame Torning. Comic Song, "I'm Ninety-five," Madame Torning . . . to conclude with a selection of Comic Scenes from the Pantomime, entitled PUSS IN BOOTS. Clown, Mr. Torning; Pantaloon, Mr. Riley; Harlequin, Signor Carandini; Columbine, Madame Torning.

ASSOCIATIONS: Gerome Carandini (dancer)

"THE ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (14 January 1854), 2 

On the 1st of July next the Lessee-ship of this establishment will fall into the hands of Mr. Andrew Torning, whose long and intimate connection with the colonial histrionic circle is no slight guarantee of his success in the present undertaking. Mr. Torning has, we understand, forwarded extensive orders to England by the "Harbinger" steamer for decorations and adornments of the richest descriptions. Instructions have been also given to Mr. Torning's agents in London to secure the services of a brilliant staff of artistes, whose arrival may be anticipated prior to the date above-mentioned. We are not exactly aware that we are authorised in stating the terms upon which this arrangement has been concluded, but we think we shall not be very far from correct in stating that he has obtained a lease of the building for seven years at an annual rent of £3000. The contemplated improvements in the interior of the Theatre are upon the most magnificent scale, and will provide additional accommodation for some hundreds of visitors. It is whispered that in all probability Mr. Frank Howson will assume the management, vice Griffiths resigned, and as it is intended that OPERA shall form one of the most prominent features of the new regime, we augur from such an arrangement a prosperous future. With a combination of judgment and liberality we feel little hesitation in predicting unexampled success for the Torning dynasty; but in offering that gentleman our cordial good wishes, and such little assistance as it may be in our power to render, we at the same lime gratefully acknowledge the courtesy which we have on all occasions received at the hands of the retiring proprietor, Mr. Wyatt. It is understood that the services of most of the old favorites of the Sydney public will be secured, who, we think, will not shine the less by the side of the new flowers proposed to be transplanted into the Thespian parterre.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frank Howson (vocalist, actor, manager); John Gordon Griffiths (actor, manager)

Emile Coulon, Tom Barry, and Andrew Torning (Walter G. Mason)

A comic sketch of M. Coulon, Mr. Barry and Mr. Torning (by Walter G. Mason), in The Australian picture pleasure book (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1857) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Walter George Mason (artist); Emile Coulon (bass vocalist); Tom Barry (clown, actor)

"DEATH OF MR. ANDREW TORNING", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1900), 3 

It will be learned with regret by a large number of friends that Captain Andrew Torning died at the residence of his daughter at Manly on Friday last, the immediate cause of death being congestion of the lungs. The deceased, who at the time of his death was in his 86th year, had been a resident of Cowper-street, Waverley, for a number of years, and was well known as the founder of the old Royal Prince Alfred Volunteer Fire Brigade, No 1. Captain Torning was also energetic in other walks of life. He held the office of deacon of the Pitt-street Congregational Church for several years, and also took a deep interest in the Freemasonry craft. It is now 45 years since he founded the old company which has since done much useful work in extinguishing fires in the city . . .


. . . His was a busy life, and for over fifty years of it he had been almost constantly before the Sydney public, in one capacity or another; at one time founding a brigade, at another starting a soup kitchen, anon moving in some direction or another for the benefit of the poor, the afflicted, or the oppressed. His advice and assistance were ungrudgingly at the service of any who needed either; and he gave of his substance in his best days with no niggardly hand. All this and more is well-known to those who are old enough to have followed his career. But it is on account of another phase of life in which he appeared that this brief article is written - a theatrical phase. A clever artist, decorator and designer, in 1850, he found plenty to do, and the scenery of the old Victoria Theatre, in Pitt-street, at that time was the work of his hand, when Mr. Griffiths was the manager and lessee . . . Mme. Torning, who was an accomplished dancer, frequently appeared in the interludes . . . Few would realise that at one time Mr. Torning was quite a celebrated clown and pantomimist. He was gifted with a keen sense of the humorous, and also was possessed of extraordinary physical strength; some of his feats being marvellous exhibitions. With his head on one chair and his feet on another he could sustain the weight of three men or more standing upon his body. He was very intimate with the late Mr. Dind, and, though his name did not appear, he frequently put into theatrical ventures. Those who knew him intimately then assert that his life was as even and consistent as it has been to the last; for through all his chequered career he was a devout and steady young churchman . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Dind (theatrical manager)


La polka quadrille par Musard (Sydney; F. Ellard, [c. 1845]) (DIGITISED)

[Drawn] On zinc by A. Torning / J. Allan, Zinc printer, Bridge Street

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Ellard (publisher); John Allan (printer)

Bibliograhy and resources:

Joseph Fowles, Sydney in 1848 (Sydney: J. Fowles, 1848), 32 (DIGITISED)

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . There are also some other good specimens of building, including the Theatre and its dependencies, but for these we reserve a special notice. Among the objects well deserving inspection is the Shakspeare Saloon, (erected in 1846 by its spirited proprietor, Mr. Knight), concealed within the modest exterior of the Shakspeare Tavern, where the visitor is surprised to find a well proportioned apartment lighted from the roof, richly and artistically decorated with designs from some of the most striking scenes in the Bard of Avon's matchless works, painted as vignettes in compartments, upon the walls. These designs sprang from the fanciful pencil of Mr. A. Torning, who was assisted in the execution of them by Messrs. Newall and Balcomb, whose names are registered in the archives of Colonial Art . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Godfrey Charles Mundy, Our Antipodes, or residence and rambles in the Australasian colonies, with a glimpse of the goldfields (London: Richard Bentley, 1852), vol. 1, 53 (and in later editions) (DIGITISED)

. . . Certain it is that the "poor players" get a fairer share of applause than the same performances would secure at home. It would be a lesson to the used-up man of the world, to witness the raptures with which some of the public favourites, and their efforts histrionic, musical, and saltatory, are received and rewarded. Oh! it is delicious to mark the gratified countenances, and to hear the thundering plaudits which are especially awarded to the latter branch of theatric art. Well may Madame * * *, the Sydney Columbine and Maitresse de Danse, most spherical of Sylphides, bounce like an Indian-rubber ball; well may Signor * * * *, Harlequin and Dancing-master, half kill his fatted calves in acknowledgment of so much flattering approbation!

ASSOCIATIONS: Godfrey Charles Mundy (tourist); Signor * * * = Gerome Carandini (dancer); Royal Victoria Theatre (Sydney venue, from Mundy's arrival in 1846)

[Joseph Michael Forde] "MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (25 December 1907), 3 

. . . Torning was a good stock actor and scenic artist, and Mrs. Torning sang songs in character, in addition to her displays in "the light fantastic." In the forties Mr. Torning was in business as a house decorator, ornamental signwriter and transparency painter, at 82 York-street. Later, he was in Bridge-street, at No. 6, where Madame Torning had dancing classes. In 1860 he was in Macquarie-place - a tenant, I believe, of the historic Mrs. Reibey, where Madame still conducted dancing classes, I think Mr. Torning was lessee of one of the theatres at one time. He always, however, kept in touch with oils and colors, and died April 13, 1900, aged 87 years. I know not the year of Madame's demise, but she was aged . . .

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (29 April 1908), 3 

. . . We resume Mr. W. H. Ford's "Reminiscences" (commenced in "Sportsman," 8. 4. '08): - "Soon after my arrival in Sydney, January, 1851, I found the Tornings, Andrew and Madame, were playing at the Victoria Theatre." (They were industrious people were the Tornings. While engaged in theatrical business Andrew Torning carried on the business of a painter, plumber, and glazier, and Madame Torning was a teacher, of dancing, both trade and profession being carried on in Macquarie Place. Mr. Torning's landlady being, I believe. Mrs. Mary Reibey of much historic fame, and the house that in which the Bank of New South Wales commenced business in 1817, if not the actual house, it was adjoining.) "I knew the Tornings in London, so felt quite at home in going to see them. They were glad to see me. The Victoria Theatre was then only opened three nights each week. I wished for employment on the stage, but there was no show of any importance. However, Mr. Torning got me on, just to make one of a crowd. I should to-day be called an extra-super. Of course, the pay was very small, but for three nights weekly, I could not expect more . . . Mrs. Torning used to dance and play the comic lady parts. She was very good in her line. Mr. Torning used to paint scenery, and play heavy villains, also he was a very good stage clown . . ."

ASSOCIATIONS: William Henry Ford (actor, vocalist, memorist)

"MUMMER MEMOIRS . . . MR. W. H. FORD'S REMINISCENCES", Sydney Sportsman (16 September 1908), 7 

. . . Somebody had a benefit, and Madame Torning went through the "Spider dance" for the last time. She had grown old and stout; I watched her endeavor to twist about - but she got fatigued and could not take the encore which her old admirers gave her. Mrs. Charley Poole laughed at my taking so much interest in the old lady's attempt. I explained that I remembered Madame Torning dancing 10 years before, when she was agile enough, and before Mr. and Mrs. Poole thought of coming to Australia. And what made poor Madame Torning look awkward in the dance was this: Miss Julia Matthews made a great hit in the Spider dance. Julia Was young, pretty, and a splendid dancer. What possessed Madame Toming to attempt it heaven and herself only know. She had not danced it for some years. Dancing, like singing, must be in continual practice. That was the last I saw of Madame Torning. I was in Melbourne when she died. In her day she had been very clever, and useful. Her husband was also good - a good heavy actor, good clown, and a very fair scene painter. I was sorry to hear of their deaths, as I had been associated with them from the commencement of my theatrical career.

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Mathews (dancer, vocalist, actor)

Andrew Torning, Design & art Australia online (DAAO) 

TORRANCE, George William (George William TORRANCE; G. W. TORRANCE)

Organist, composer, transcriber of Indigenous songs, Anglican priest

Born Rathmines, Dublin, Ireland, 25 July 1835; son of George and Elizabeth TORRANCE
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 15 December 1869 (per Thomas Stephens, from Liverpool, 24 September)
Married Annie Julia VAUGHAN (d. 1907), Christ church, South Yarra, 19 November 1872
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 20 October 1897 (per Darmstadt, for Germany)
Died Kilkenny, Ireland, 20 August 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)



Torrance received a degree of doctor of music (ad eundum) by the University of Melbourne in 1879, the first it had awarded. Torrance presented a concert of his music in March 1881. His new oratorio The revelation; or, Vision of St. John in the isle of Patmos ("composed beneath the Southern Cross-many of the themes having been jotted down during a summer walking tour in the Australian bush"), first performed in Melbourne Town Hall on 27 June 1882 (nos. 11, 27, and 29 were added to the score later).

Torrance was a mentor of the young Melbourne pianist Ernest Hutcheson.

In 1887, in association with A. W. Howitt, he published both verbal and musical transcription of a number of Indigenous songs sung to him by William Barak.

In 1888, Torrance together with Alfred Plumpton, Roberto Hazon, and Alberto Zelman formed the jury that selected the Henry John King, junior's entry for the centennial cantata contest.


Birth record, George William Torrance, born 25 July 1835, Rathmines, baptised St. Peter's church, Dublin, son of George and Elizabeth Torrance

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 December 1869), 4

ARRIVED. - DEC. 15. Thomas Stephens, ship (Black Ball line), 1,500 tons, Richard Richards, from Liverpool September 24. Passengers - cabin . . . Revs. G. W. Torrance . . .

[News], The Argus (17 December 1869), 5

The Rev. G. W. Torrance, who arrived on Wednesday by the Thomas Stephens, was formerly an organist and a composer of considerable repute in Dublin, but having relinquished the musical profession, he took holy orders, and subsequently held the curacy of St. Anne's, Dawson-street.

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (30 November 1872), 27 

TORRANCE-VAUGHAN.- On the 19th inst., at Christ Church, South Yarra, by the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, assisted by the Rev W. N. Guinness, M. A., and the Rev. E. S. Radcliff, B. A., the Rev. G. W. Torrance, M. A., acting provost of Trinity College, Melbourne, to Annie Julia, daughter of S. B. Vaughan, Esq., of South Yarra, formerly of Watford, Herts, England.


DOCTOR OF MUSIC AD EUNDEM - Rev. George William Torrance, Doctor of Music of Dublin University.

"THE TOWN-HALL. DR. TORRANCE'S MUSIC", The Argus (1 March 1881), 7

The Rev. G. W. Torrance, Mus. Doc., gave a very interesting entertainment in the Town hall last night, in the presence of a numerous audience. It was given for the benefit of the Cathedral School of Music, and the works produced were selections from the oratorio "The Captivity," the " Melbourne Exhibition March," the song "The Rainy Day," quartett "Luna," the song "My Native Land," and the cantata "The Argonauts," the whole of them being composed by the rev. doctor. As the dates of these compositions extend from as far back as 1854 up to the latter part of last year, they may be taken to fairly illustrate Dr. Torrance's best powers so far, and they must be accepted as exhibiting those powers in a very favourable light. It is good for our amour propre, and it speaks well for the progress of the art, that we should have another English composer of acknowledged position resident amongst us . . .

"THE NEW ORATORIO. THE REVELATION", The Argus (28 June 1882), 9

The production of a new oratorio on grand scale is a musical event of such importance in Melbourne that it should be suitably acknowledged, and especially in the case of Dr. Torrance's work, which has been composed in Melbourne, and in the successful performance of which last night in the Town hall all musical Melbourne may reasonably take pride. The hall presented that handsome and dignified appearance which we know to belong to it when filled to its holding capacity by well-dressed Melbourne citizens. His Excellency the Governor and suite were present, and on their arrival the National Anthem was played with impressive effect. The choir seats were filled by volunteer singers from all the best sources, who have willingly given themselves to the rehearsals which have so frequently been held of late under the composer's baton, in order to produce a perfect representation of an important part of the oratorio. A numerous orchestra was present, with Mr. Edward King for leader. The organ was played by Mr. David Lee. The principal singers were Miss Rosina Carandini, Miss Christian, Mr. Armes Beaumont, and Mr. S. Angus. In the quintet mentioned further on, Mr. W. H. Williams filled in an effective part. The composer and the solo singers were heartily welcomed on their appearance on the platform. In speaking of the musical character of the new composition, we quote Dr. Torrance himself in saying that he is "rather inclined to conservatism in music," and that he is "old-fashioned enough to prefer lingering upon the ancient, well tried lines, and to walk with the pure spirits of the past, whose works are sacred and immortal." From this a strict fidelity to approved canons of form and treatment is to be expected, and the expectation is confirmed in the general contour and colour of the work under notice . . .

[News], The Argus (21 April 1888), 11

. . . The ceremonial committee of the Centennial International Exhibition has recommended the executive commissioners to take steps to hold a grand Liedertafel festival during the currency of the Exhibition, and to invite the Liedertafels of Sydney and Adelaide, in addition to those of Melbourne and also the Liedertafels of Hobart and Brisbane should there be any such societies in those cities - to take part in the festival. The ceremonial committee has delegated the task of adjudicating upon the 27 compositions sent in, setting the opening cantata to music, to a board of musical experts composed of the Rev. Dr. Torrance, Signor A. Zelman, Signor R. Hazon, and Mr. A. Plumpton . . .

"ERNEST HUTCHESON", The Argus (9 June 1888), 6

From the official report of the Leipzig Conservatorium which Dr. Torrance has forwarded to us for inspection it appears that Ernest Hutcheson who has just completed his second year at that institution, continues to make rapid progress in his musical studies . . .

"MUSIC REVIEW", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 January 1890), 14

We have received the following music for review from Messrs. W. H. Glen and Co.: -
Songs of Faith, and Hope: A set of four, sacred songs, words selected from Holy Scripture, music composed by the Rev. G. W. Torrance, M.A., Mus. Doc.
No. 1. I Am the Resurrection and the Life.
No. 2. Let Not Your Heart be Troubled.
No. 3. They Shall Hunger No More.
No. 4. Come, Ye Blessed of My Father.
Nos. 1 and 2 are for tenor or soprano, the compass of the first ten notes from E flat to G flat, and the second the same number of notes. Nos. 3 and 4 are for contralto or baritone, and have each a compass of eleven notes, the lowest in the one being B and in the other A. Considerable difficulty exists in using Biblical texts for musical illustration, as the rhythm has to a large extent to be supplied by the composer. In this respect Dr. Torrance has been extremely happy in his treatment, his melody being in variably symmetrical and vocal, while it is in every case an artistic musical expression of the sentiment of the words. The harmonisation shows Dr. Torrance's complete knowledge and experience in the use of the various methods of composition, and the whole of the songs are not only absolutely correct from a theoretical point of view, but full of richness of harmonic device and gracefulness of treatment. These songs have an ad libitum accompaniment for flute, violin and violoncello, and the pianoforte part is adapted for performance on the organ.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (2 October 1897), 8-9 

Dr. and Mrs. Torrance have taken passage for Europe in the Norddeutscher Lloyd mail steamer Darmstadt, to leave on Tuesday, 12th inst. They intend going direct to Germany, proceeding via Antwerp and Brenen to Weimar to visit Mr. Ernest Hutcheson, who is at present residing there. Thence, after Christmas, they will proceed to London. Arrangements have been made with Dr. Stacey Chapman, formerly of St. Paul's, Melbourne, to take charge of St. John's [9] parish during the 12 months' absence of the incumbent.


In a modestly-worded prefatory note to Dr. Torrance's recently published oratorio we are informed that it was composed beneath the Southern Cross, many of the themes having been jotted down during a summer walking tour in the Australian bush. It was first performed, under its author's direction, in the Melbourne Town hall in June, 1882, but since then alterations and additions have been made. Published by Messrs. Novello and Co., of London and New York, a copy has been recently received at this office . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 August 1907), 1

TORRANCE.- On the 17th August, at St. Canice's Library, Kilkenny, Ireland, Julia Torrance, wife of the Rev. Dr. G. W. Torrance (By cable.)

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 August 1907), 13 

TORRANCE. - On the 17th August, at St. Canice's Library, Kilkenny, Ireland, Julia Torrance, wife of the Rev. Dr. G. W. Torrance; and on 19th August, the Rev. Dr. George William Torrance, husband of the late Julia Torrance. (By cable.)

"DR. AND MRS. TORRANCE. THEIR DEATH IN IRELAND", The Argus (27 August 1907), 5

Extreme regret will be felt by their many friends at the announcement of the death of Dr. Torrance and his wife at Kilkenny, Ireland. Mrs. Torrance died on August 17, and the death of Dr. Torrance occurred two days later. As a youth, Dr. Torrance was educated at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, which was then at the zenith of its reputation. At the age of 19 he composed an oratorio, "Abraham," which was produced under his leadership. It was accorded a most favourable reception, and Sterndale Bennett and other musicians urged its composer to prosecute his studies in London. He went, however, to Leipsic, and reaped considerable benefit, his music acquiring greater tone than it had previously possessed. Upon his return to Dublin he took a leading position among musicians, becoming conductor of several musical societies. He took his degree in arts at Trinity College, Dublin. He was at that time organist at St Anne's Church, and during the week in which he passed the examination for the degree of arts he produced a new oratorio, "The Captivity," the words of which were by Oliver Goldsmith. The work involved was phenomenal. Dr. Torrance's brothers and sisters having come to Australia, he determined to join them. He arrived in Victoria in December, 1869, and became curate at South Yarra, and subsequently at St John's, Latrobe street. He opened Trinity College as a boardinghouse for students at the University, and was at its head until Dr. Leeper's appointment as warden. Among the students were Bishop Stretch and Mr. Justice Hodges. About this time Dr. Torrance married Miss Vaughan, a daughter of Mr. S. B. Vaughan, solicitor, of Melbourne. On the death of Mr. Barlow, the incumbent of St. John's, Dr. Torrance went to Geelong, where he was attached to All Saints' Church. He afterwards became incumbent of Holy Trinity Church, Balaclava, and during his incumbency a handsome new church and parsonage were erected free of debt. Dr. Torrance was then unanimously appointed to the incumbency of St John's, Latrobe-street, of which church he had formerly been curate. Here he had full scope for his energetic charitable work among the poor. At this time the death of his only daughter occurred, and, finding that he could no longer put his heart into parochial work, he resigned his position, and, with his wife, sailed for Ireland. For the past nine years Dr. and Mrs. Torrance resided at Kilkenny, where Dr. Torrance was vicar-choral and librarian at S. Canace's Cathedral and chaplain to the Bishop of Ossory. Dr. Torrance, who was a doctor of music of the Melbourne University, took a prominent part in the movement to complete the musical training of Ernest Hutchinson. Among Dr. Torrance's productions were an oratorio, "The Revelation," which was presented in Melbourne; an ode for the opening of the Centennial Exhibition of 1888, which gained second prize; and a number of quartets and madrigals. These, unfortunately have been little heard in Melbourne.


See TROVE tagged items: 


The Melbourne Exhibition march (as adopted by the ceremonial committee) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., 1880?) (DIGITISED)

A matin song, words by P. Moloney . . . composed for, sung and sold at Ye Olde English Fayre, Melbourne, December 1881 ([Melbourne]: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) (DIGITISED)

The revelation; or, Vision of St. John in the isle of Patmos, an oratorio, the words selected from the Apocalypse and the music composed by George William Torrance (London: Novello and Co., 1899) (DIGITISED)

". . . composed beneath the Southern Cross-many of the themes having been jotted down during a summer walking tour in the Australian bush"; first performed in Melbourne Town Hall on 27 June 1882 (nos. 11, 27, and 29 were added to the score later).

"Music of the Australian Aboriginals" (Kurburu's Song; Wenberi's Song; Corroboree Song), The journal of the Royal Anthropological Society 16/3 (1886), 335-40 (DIGITISED)

See also, on this site, in the checklist of Indigenous song transcriptions: 

The land beyond the sea, sacred song (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1893] (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

E. A. C. Farran, "Dr. George William Torrance", Victorian historical magazine 39/3 (August 1968), 113-26 

Robin S. Stevens, "Torrance, George William (1853-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

"George William Torrance", Wikipedia 

TOTTEM, Frederick (Frederick TOTTEM; Frederic; Mr. F. TOTTEM; Frederick Charles TOTTEM)

Amateur tenor vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Born London, England, 1829; baptised St. John's church, Lambeth, 27 December 1829; son of George TOTTEM (1788-1834) and Elizabeth NASH
? Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1857 (per Sussex, from England, "Charles", age "27")
Married (1) Elizabeth Herbert WRIGHT, St. Peter's church, Melbourne, VIC, 26 July 1860
Married (2) Margaret STEPHENS, Sydney, NSW, 1903
Died Katoomba, NSW, 11 September 1915, aged "90" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. John the Evangelist, Lambeth, in the county of Surrey; register 1824-34, page 96; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 765 / Frederick Son of / George & Elizabeth / Tottem / Thomas Street / Glass Seller . . .

England census, 30 March 1851, Kennington, Lambeth, Surrey; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1573 (PAYWALL)

No. 10 Claylands Rd . / Eliz'h Totham / Head / Widow / 57 / Income allowed by relative / [born] Surrey . . .
Charles Totham / Son / 23 / Clerk in Insurance Office / Surrey Lambeth . . .
Fred'k Totham / Son / 21 / Clerk in Insurance Office / [Surrey Lambeth]

[News], The Argus (27 March 1860), 4 

The members of the Choir of St. Peter's Church gave a concert of sacred music last evening at St. Peter's Schoolroom, in aid of the School Building Fund. For some time past the choir has been composed of several of our best soloists, whose gratuitous services have been cheerfully rendered every Sunday, and their performance last evening was in every way worthy of their acknowledged merit as well as of the praiseworthy motive which prompted their exertions. The selections were entirely of a sacred character, and very rarely have the efforts of so few individuals given more satisfaction. The concerted pieces consisted of selections from different oratorios, one of Hopkins's services, and Kent's famous anthem of "Hear my Prayer." The gem of the evening was, perhaps, the latter, which was sung by Miss Hamilton and Mrs. Hancock; though Mrs. Hancock's rendering of "Angels over bright and fair," subsequently, was remarkably tasteful, and obtained equal applause. Miss Hamilton also sang some charming words, entitled "Ave Maria," set to music by Shubert [sic, Schubert], with great effect. Mr. W. H. Williams (the well-known tenor), Mr. Moxon, and Mr. Totten [Tottem] sang some solos from Haydn's "Creation" and Handel's "Redemption" in a very superior manner, and a lad named Master Johnson also acquitted himself well in his execution, of the air, "He was despised," from the "Messiah." Altogether, there was an evenness and quiet proficiency exhibited which is very rarely to be found in concerts of such comparatively humble pretensions. A tolerably large, and highly respectable, audience was present.

ASSOCIATIONS: St. Peter's church (Eastern Hill); William Henry Williams (tenor vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (soprano vocalist); Octavia Hamilton (soprano vocalist); Septimus Moxon (bass vocalist)

Certificate of marriage, St. Peter's, Melbourne, 26 July 1860; St. Peter's Eastern Hill (PAYWALL)

Frederic Tottem of East Melbourne . . . Age 31, Clerk, Bachelor, [born] Lambeth, [parents] George Grafton Tottem, Clerk [and] Elizabeth Nash . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (27 July 1860), 4 

On the 26th inst., at St. Peter's Church, Melbourne, Mr. Frederic Tottem, of Clapham, Surrey, to Elizabeth Herbert, second daughter of the late Francis Wright, Esq., of St. John's, Lambeth, England.

[Advertisement], The Age (24 December 1863), 1 

Conductor: Mr. Charles Edward Horsley.
When the Eleventh Annual Performance of Handel's Oratorio, MESSIAH, Will take place.
Principal Vocalists: MISS OCTAVIA HAMILTON, MISS M. A. LIDDLE (Pupil of Herr Elsasser),
Principal Violin: MR: W. C. FISHER. Band and Chorus of TWO HUNDRED PERFORMERS . . .
W. G. DREDGE, Hon. Secretary.

"THE MESSLAH ON CHRISTAMS EVE", The Argus (26 December 1863), 5 

. . . Mr. F. Tottem was to have sung some of the tenor solos, but was prevented by indisposition, and they were taken by Mr. Exon . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (conductor); Edwin Exon (tenor vocalist)

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 July 1908), 13 

TOTTEM. - On the 25th June, 1908, at his brother's residence, "Hawthorn," Katoomba, N.S.W., Charles Tottem, late of Commercial Bank, Melbourne, Victoria.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1915), 8 

TOTTEM. - September 11, at his late residence, Hawthorn. Katoomba, Frederick Charles, beloved husband of Margaret Tottem, in his 90th year. Deeply mourned.

"MR. F. C. TOTTEM", The Blue Mountain Echo (24 September 1915), 2 

Another link with the past was severed last week when Mr. Frederick Charles Tottem died at his late residence, Hawthorn, Katoomba, at the ripe old age of 90 years. Deceased, who had been ailing for some time past, was a resident of Katoomba for over 14 years, and passed away after having been practically unconscious for several days. He was a solicitor by profession, having served his time in his father's office at Clapham, England. In his younger days he was smitten with the gold fever, and came to Australia in the fifties to try his luck at Ballarat. Later he took to his profession again, and was with the firm of Buckley, Gates and Co., of Melbourne, for 35 years. He then came to Sydney, and was land conveyancer in McNamara and Smith's office for many years. He was the possessor of a good tenor voice, and was for some years soloist in the Melbourne Philharmonic Society. Besides his second wife, Mrs. M. Tottem, of "Hawthorne," Lurline street, he leaves behlnd him two sons, Messrs. Frederic and Herbert Tottem. The funeral, which was largely attended, was held in the General Cemetery, Rev. W. E. Godson officiating at the graveside.

TOTTEN, Elbert (Elbert TOTTEN; Mr. E. TOTTEN)

Agent, manager, Rainer's Serenaders (troupe), Totten's Harmoneons (troupe)

Born ? USA, ? 1823
? Married Harriet TOTTEN, ?
? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1861 (per Grecian Queen, for Mauritius, aged "38")
Died at sea (drowned), off Madagascar, 24 December 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)'s+Harmoneons (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (25 September 1852), 14 

September 19. - Speed, barque, 365 tons, Cannell, from San Francisco the 28th July, in ballast. Passengers . . . Messrs. J. C. Rainer, T. P. Brower, M. W. White, N. Bryant, G. M. Jones, F. Moran, G. Labert . . . and 94 in the steerage

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1852), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL. FIRST GRAND CONCERT of Rainer's original Ethiopian Serenaders.
Messrs. Rainer, White, Brown, Bryant, Foans, and Moran, THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, September 23, at the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
This company, the first to harmonise Negro Melodies, and originators of the present popular style of Ethiopian Entertainments, and their success during the past ten years in the United States is without precedent in the annals of public amusement, and who in their visit to England had the distinguished honour of appearing before her Majesty, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, and the Court, respectfully announce to the musical public of Sydney that they will commence a series of their inimitable entertainments as above.
For programme see small bills. Cards of admission - front seats, 3s.; back seats, 2s.; to be had at the music sellers, and Royal Hotel.
Doors open at half post 7; concert to commence at 8 o'clock. E. TOTTEN, Agent.

ASSOCIATIONS: Rainer's Serenaders (minstrel troupe, arrived by the Speed, from San Francisco, 19 September 1852); John Cragin Rainer (minstrel); T. P. Brower (minstrel); M. W. (Bill) White (minstrel); N. Bryant (minstrel); J. M. Foans; F. Moran (minstrel)

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Courier (9 February 1853), 2

Mr. E Totten, the agent of Rainer's band of Serenaders, has come over from Melbourne to make arrangements for the company's performances in Hobart Town and Launceston.

[News], The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (25 April 1854), 2 

MR. TOTTEN, late agent for Rainer's Serenaders has organised a new company, under the style, and title of Totten'e Harmoneons.

[2 adjacent advertisements], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (17 June 1854), 5 

The Company also wish to state, that Mr. E. TOTTEN, is no longer connected with theis Company . . .
J. P. NASH, Agent.

SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 17. Positively the last night.
Grand Complimentary Benefit to Mr. E. TOTTEN . . . a Grand Select Glee and Ethiopian Entertainment . . .
First Night of the Harmoneons in WHITE FACES.
The Company will on this evening appear in white faces and offer to the public a collection of Glees, Quartets, Solos, &c.
Second night of the truly laughable and side-splitting Afterpiece, entitled the
DOCTOR AND HIS PATIENT; Or, the First Lesson in Surgery.
Mr. BAKER will appear as the King of Australian Juba Dancers, in the Virginia Breakdown.
Opening Glee - "The Sun's Gay Beams," from Weber's :Eurianthe" - Kitts, Pierce, Thayer, and Dixon.
Comic Song - Thayer
Quartet - "Napoleon's Grave" - Thayer, Dixon, Pierce, and Kitts
Solo - Concertina, with Harp accompaniment - Pierce
Glee - "To Greece we give our shining blades" - Pierce, Dixon, Kitts, and Thayer.
An interval of ten minutes.
Medley Overture and Chorus - Company
"Come to the Husking." (New) - Company
"Dandy Broadway Swell" - Kitts
"Cynthia Sue" - Baker
"Lilla Dale" - Dixon
"How do, John" - Thayer
"Old Coon Hunter's lament" - Clarke
"Fire down below" - Pierce
"Sukey Lane" (New) - Dixon
"Boteman Dance" - Lee
Finale to part second "The Old Jaw Bones" by Kit., (A paltry Parody on the Misletoe Bung.)
Solo - Banjo - Clarke
Sailor's Hornpipe - Mr. Jones (Who has kindly volunteered his services.)
Sol0. Flutina - Medley - Pierce
Virginia Breakdown - Baker
The whole to conclude with the laughable Negro Extravaganza, entitled
THE DOCTOR & HIS PATIENT; Or, the First Lesson In Surgery.
Professor Squash, a doctor who has seen better days, Mr. Thayer
Caesar (not Julius) - Mr. Lee
Mr. William, the Patient - Mr. Baker
For the better accommodation of the public, seats will be placed in the ring.
Dress circle, 3s; Boxes, 5s.; Pit, 3s.

ASSOCIATIONS: James Edward Kitts (minstrel); John Otis Pierce (minstrel); J. C. Lee (minstrel); Frederick Dixon (minstrel); Mark Thayer (minstrel0

"THE QUEEN'S THEATRE. TOTTEN'S BENEFIT", The Argus (12 August 1854), 5 

This evening Mr. Totten, the enterprising manager of the Ethiopian Harmoneons, takes a farewell benefit at the Queen's Theatre, previous to his contemplated departure with his company for Calcutta. On this occasion the programme presents a rich variety of entertainment; and, as the admirers of negro melodies and performances will not probably have another opportunity of enjoying such a treat, there will no doubt be a crowded audience. Mr. Totten and his company stand well in the favor of the Melbourne public.

"CUSTOMS CHARGES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE . . .", South Australian Register (5 September 1854), 3

SIR - I am connected with a band of travelling musicians, known as Totten's Harmoneons, and arrived per Bosphorus from Melbourne. Upon removing our freight from the steamer, we were accosted by a Custom-House officer upon the wharf, and a duty of several pounds charged upon our instruments. I have been connected with the musical profession for many years past, and never heard of such a thing before; and I wish you would inform me if such is the law in South Australia, that a man is liable to pay duties upon the "tools" with which he obtains his daily bread. By answering the above, you will confer a great favour.
I am, Sir, &c.,
E. TOTTEN . . .

"TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS", South Australian Register (30 October 1854), 3 

Clark, the banjoist, whose benefit was deferred after he had incurred considerable expense, in consequence of the accident which happened to the company, appeals to his friends this evening for their countenance and support. The programme presents unusual attractions, the aid of auxiliary professionals having been secured to give variety and completeness to the entertainment. The concert of vocal music in the first part is well selected, and the miscellaneous olio which forms the second part must attract many visitors, comprising, as it does, the magnificent descriptive song "The Slave Ship," by Gale; a solo on the pianoforte, by Montegani; a solo on the flutina, by Pierce; "Ben Bolt," for the first time here, by Thayer; "The Virginia Breakdown," by Baker, and all sorts of comicalities on the banjo, by the beneficiare . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Mantegani (pianist)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (16 November 1854), 1 

THIS IS TO CERTIFY that we, the undersigned, do from this day resign all connection with the Company of Serenaders, known as TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS, having by mutual consent DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP. ELBERT TOTTEN. JOHN O. PIERCE.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 February 1855), 4 

VICTORIA THEATRE. RAINER'S FAREWELL BENEFIT. UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF THE MERCHANTS OF ADELAIDE. THURSDAY EVENING, February 22 . . . The audience part of the House has been placed under the direction of Mr. E. Totten, of whom boxes can be procured . . . J. P. NASH, Agent.

"POLICE COURTS. ADELAIDE: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14. CHARGE OF CONSPIRACY", Adelaide Observer (15 September 1855), 4 supplement 

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Holthouse [Ottis] Peirce, were charged, on the information of Emanuel Solomon, with falsely and fraudulently conspiring to carry off Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, for the sake of the property she was entitled to as the daughter of the complainant; and also with conspiring to bring about a marriage between Miss Solomon and the said John Holthouse Peirce. The Crown Solicitor appeared for the prosecution; Mr. Sandford appeared for Mr. and Mrs. Totten; Mr. Moulden for Mr. and Mrs. Duryea; and Mr. Smith for Mr. Peirce. Emanuel Solomon stated that he is an auctioneer, and resides in Gilles-arcade. Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon is his daughter. She was 16 years of age on the 26th of last July. He (complainant) knew the defendant, Mr. Totten; knew Mr. Duyea and his wife. Had some knowledge of Mr. Peirce as a professional musician. None of those parties were intimate with him or his family, so far as he knew. He never permitted an intimacy between his daughter and Mr. Peirce, nor did be know of it until the previous Friday night . . .

Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, who occupied a chair on the Bench, stated that she lived with her father, and was 16 last birthday. First knew Mr. Peirce about twelve months ago. Saw him at the Theatre. Her father did not know that she was acquainted with him. He never visited at her father's house. Had meetings with him at North Adelaide; the meetings were proposed by Mr. Peirce, and were not known to Mr. or Mrs. Solomon. Mr. Peirce, during these meetings, made no particular proposition to her . . .

The counsel for the defendants here protested against the mode in which the examination was conducted, as the actual answers of the witness were not heard. An alterations of position was made, and the examination was resumed - Mr. Peirce proposed to meet her (witness) at Mrs. Totten's, and she met him there about eight months ago. He made no other proposition to her. He talked to her of marriage . . . Mr. Peirce left the colony about seven months ago. After that time she received letters from him. She destroyed the letters after reading them. Believed they had been written by Mr. Peirce, having seen him write. She had answered some of the letters. The letters she received were addressed to Mr. Totten's . . .

"POLICE COURTS . . . WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19 . . . CHARGE OF CONSPIRACY", Adelaide Observer (22 September 1855), 4 

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Holthouse [Ottis] Pierce, appeared on remand, charged with conspiring to carry off Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon . . . The defendants were bound over in their own recognizances to answer any charge that might be preferred against them at the Sessions.

ASSOCIATIONS: Townsend Duryea (photographer)

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 April 1856), 7 

NOTICE. - A Large Black TRUNK, marked on each end E. Totten, N.Y., was entrusted to a drayman to take from No. 2 King-street to the Crown Hotel, corner of Queen and Lonsdale street. It never has been received. Any one giving information of the above will be thankfully received, Crown Hotel.

"MR. TOTTEN AND THE RAINER SERENADERS", Bendigo Advertiser (6 September 1856), 3 

This company, which, from its general efficiency, the undeniable talent of Mr. Rainer in negro melody, and the able management of Mr. Totten, has met with such entire success, have been performing during the past week at the different assembly rooms around Sandhurst. The attendance has been invariably good, owing to the repute in which the company are generally held, and the able manner in which the manager, Mr. E. Totten, has arranged for their performances, never remaining too long in one place, to tire the residents. They are now about to leave this district for the purpose of again visiting the various goldfields - where an audience can be obtained, after which it is their intention to return to Bendigo. We believe that they look upon Sandhurst as a place where their exertions have met with the larger portion of that success and popularity which they enjoy, and well they may, for we are quite certain that they will never have any reason to regret having visited Bendigo. We would call particular attention to the programme, of the performances to-night at the Criterion Theatre, where these celebrated Negro Melodists will appear in several of their best impersonations. The Juba Dance and the Negro Postman, in which Miss Lucy Long will appear in Bloomer costume, are among some of the novelties provided for the admirers of the African Minstrels. On Monday night, Mr. Rainer himself takes a farewell benefit at the same house, under the patronage of the Sandhurst Dramatic Society . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 March 1858), 3 

ASHTON'S BRITISH AND AMERICAN CIRCUS; Saturday, March 20th, 1868. THE above Talented Company will Appear at California Gully on above date; Whipstick, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, returning by Sandhurst, of which due notice will be given. E. TOTTEN. Agent.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser [Beechworth, VIC] (12 April 1858), 3 

POSITIVELY TWO NIGHTS ONLY. Ashton's British & American CIRCUS, And Hippodrome. Under the Management of MR. E. TOTTEN (late of Rainer's Serenaders) . . . April 12th and 13th . . . WALLACE'S STAR HOTEL, Upper Nine Mile . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (20 April 1858), 4 

There are at present performing at Albury under the management of Mr. E. Totten (late of "Rainer's serenaders") a "Mammoth troupe" including "Mr. Moffat, scenic rider and stilt performer; Master Howard, the leaper of Antwerp; Signor Forrestini, the great horizontal bar performer; Langpoo a-foo, the world renowned Chinese contortionist, and the only performing Celestial in the colonies; and that prince of vaulters, Alexander Alkanna, a Moreton Bay aboriginal"!

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury [TAS] (1 December 1858), 3 


"THE EDOUIN FAMILY", The Courier (14 December 1858), 3 

The performances of last night gave the greatest satisfaction to a select though not very numerous audience, and the dancing of the family elicited the most satisfactory tokens of approbation. Misa Rose and Mr. John danced a Spanish Fandango and a Bolero in inimitable style; Miss Julia, the Cachuca with the grace of a Strebinger; and Master Willie a comic pas with an agility and ability almost equal to Mungall. The Governor patronises the performance this evening, and will be present upon the occasion. The pieces are "Frolics in France," a sparkling Vaudeville, written by Mr. F. F. Cooper, the comic ballet of Hob in the Well, and Selby's farce of Catching an Heiress. The arrangements for providing for the comfort of the audience are under the supervision of Mr. Totten, so well known in this colony as having accompanied Rainer's Serenaders in the character of agent.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edouin family; comparsions with Therese Strebinger (theatrical dancer) and John Mungall (comedian)

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 July 1859), 8 

HIPPODROME, Lonsdale-street . . . GRAND MID-DAY PERFORMANCE Every Saturday, At 2 o'clock. For SCHOOLS and FAMILIES . . . All schools admitted free, if application be made to Mr. Rowe, or his agent, Mr. E. Totten, before the day of performance . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (circus proprietor)

[News], The Argus (15 September 1859), 5 

Mr. Elbert Totten, who for some years has identified himself with public amusements in this colony, will take a benefit this evening at the Melbourne Hippodrome.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 May 1861), 8

ST. KILDA TOWN-HALL . . . TONIGHT (THURSDAY) MAY 10, Mr. COLEMAN, by unanimous desire, will give his second and positively last ENTERTAINMENT, and to afford all classes an opportunity to see the great polyphonist, Million prices. Body of the hall 1s., front seats, 2s. To commence at 8. E. TOTTEN, Agent.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (15 June 1861), 1 

COLEMAN'S POLYPHONIC HALL, Late the Anatomical Museum, Kyle's Buildings, BOURKE STREET EAST. MR. COLEMAN, the Dramatic Polyphonist, has much pleasure in announcing to his numerous friends and the public in general that he purposes opening THIS EVENING, 16th JUNE, the above extensive premises . . . E. TOTTEN , agent.

ASSOCIATIONS: B. J. Coleman (actor, dramatic "polyphonist", theatrical manager, active VIC, 1855-57, 1860-61

Names and descriptions of passengers per Grecian Queen from Melbourne, 26 July 1861, for Mauritius; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

E. Totten / 38 // D. Bolley / 39 // Mrs. Bolley / 29 //
W. Robson / 28 // J. H. Lee / 33 // J. White / 31 // D. Meirs / 38 // C. Le Grew / 29 // [?] Falton / 32

"MELANCHOLY FATE OF THE BOLEY MINSTRELS", Examiner (12 August 1862), 4 

Most of the habitues of the concert halls of Melbourne will remember Boley's Minstrels," who about twelve months since left Australia on a professional visit to Mauritius. After playing a far from successful engagement at Port Louis, they embarked on board a Schooner for the Cape of Good Hope, and we regret to add, were wrecked off Cape St. Mary. The passengers, including the troupe, and Mrs. Boley and children, were fourteen in number, and have all perished, with the exception of Mr. Robson, who with three sailors succeeded in returning to Port Louis . . . - Bell's Life in Victoria.

"American Dramatic Items . . . San Francisco Minstrels", The Lorgnette [Melbourne, VIC] (24 July 1880), 2 

A correspondent has written us asking information regarding the S. F. Minstrels who left Melbourne in 1861. We learn that the troupe, which consisted of Messrs D. F. Boley, G. W. Demerest, C. Legrew, E. Totten, Billy White, J. H. Lee, and Billy Robson, left Melbourne for the Mauritius July 25th, 1861, arrived there safely, played an excellent season, leaving Dec 15th of the same year bound for the Cape of Good Hope. They had a stormy passage all through until the ship was wrecked on the coast of Madagascar December 24th, 1861. Messrs White and Robson were the only ones saved. Poor Totten, Boley, Demerest, Legrew, and Lee were never afterwards seen, having perished in the wreck. White died some two months after from exposure and cold. Robson, after being some ten months a companion of the natives, was rescued by a ship that had accidentally called in for water. Mr. Robson is now in Melbourne though not following his previous vocation of a minstrel and dancer.


Amateur vocalist, amateur actor, architect

Born Ireland, c. 1826
Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1857
Married Ellen FINNANE (d. 1919), VIC, 1861
Died Ararat, VIC, 20 July 1878, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser [VIC] (10 March 1857), 3 

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (1 August 1857), 3 

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (13 August 1857), 3 

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND FUNDS", Bendigo Advertiser (21 August 1857), 3 

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (24 August 1857), 3 

"PUBLIC DINNER TO DR. OWENS", Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser (23 July 1858), 2 

"MR. TOUTCHER'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Avoca Mail [VIC] (7 July 1866), 3 

"THE DEATH OF MR. CHARLES TOUTCHER", Bendigo Advertiser (22 July 1878), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

Charles Toutcher, Find a grave 

TOURRIER, Theodore John (Theodore John TOURRIER)

Composer, music teacher

Born England, 3 September 1846; son of Jean Furcy TOURRIER and Constantia Eleanora von HOLST Active Victoria, VIC, by 1881
Married Hannah Louisa DAVIS, VIC, 1882
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 September 1829 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)



Tourrier's mother, Constantia Eleanora Holst, was sister of Gustavus Valentine Holst, grandfather of Gustav Holst.


Baptisms solemnized in All Souls church, in the Parish of St. Marylebone . . . in the year [1848]; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 331 / [September 24] / John Theodore Son of / Jean and Eleanora Constantia / Tourrier / 69 Charlotte Street / Artist / [born] 3 September 1846 [sic]

[News], The Gippsland Times (14 March 1881), 3

"SANDHURST LIEDERTAFEL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 September 1885), 3

"EXHIBITION CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (14 March 1888), 13

"Mr. Theodore John Tourrier", Table Talk (7 March 1890), 5 

"Picturesque Literary Hoax. Australian Through 'Chinaman's' Spectacles, BY TOM PARRINGTON", The Herald (12 October 1929), 19 

Death has unmasked the mystery surrounding the publication in England and America of "A Chinaman's Opinion of Us and His Own Country." This remarkable book was alleged to have been written by Hwuy-Ung. a Mandarin of the Fourth Button who fled from China to Melbourne in 1839, and translated by J. A. Makepeace, M.A., a missionary in Southern China. It created a stir in literary circles. Although in some instances its authenticity was questioned, most critics outside Australia accepted it as genuine . . . The book was the sole work of Mr. Tourrier, who had conceived it from a very deep and intensive study of Chinese customs and manners. But, the cream of the hoax lies in the fact that Mr. Tourrier had never been in China . . . Mr. Tourrier, who lived to the fine old age of 83, was born in London. He studied music at the Paris Conservatoire, and taught music in many countries, but not in China. Arriving in Australia in 1873, he organised a goods camel transport service from Port Augusta (S.A.) to Oodnadatta. Later he came to Melbourne. About 1916 he won the A.N.A. prize of 100 guineas for the best Australian National Anthem. There were 430 competitors. He composed several successful songs and musical works. Mr. Tourrier leaves three sons and one married daughter.

Musical works: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A pamphlet on music teaching and learning (pianoforte and singing) by T. John Tourrier (Melbourne: A. H. Massina, [189-?]) 

TOWERS, Frank (Frank TOWERS)

Actor, entertainer, manager, playwright

Born England, c. 1835; son of Joseph Johnson TOWERS and Catharine WOOLF
Married (officially and much belatedly) Ann Jane BUCKINGHAM GLOGOSKI, Sydney, NSW, 1882
Died India, early 1886 (shareable link to this entry)

TOWERS, Ann Jane (Mrs. Frank TOWERS) = Ann Jane BUCKINGHAM

Actor, vocalist

TOWERS, Rosa (daughter of the above)

Actor, vocalist, manager

Born Dunedin, NZ, 18 November 1864 (shareable link to this entry)


"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (11 August 1866), 2 

This popular little theatre will again throw open its doors on Monday evening, under the management of Mr. Frank Towers, a gentleman who has achieved considerable fame in New Zealand as a comedian . . .

"Miss Rosa Tower", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 October 1874), 36 

"DEATH OF MR. FRANK TOWERS", The Lorgnette (15 May 1886), 2 

News has arrived in Melbourne announcing the death in India of the above well-known comedian and manager. Some time back he arrived from England and settled in New Zealand where he became tolerably well off as a licensed victualler. During her earlier years, his daughter Rosa displayed histrionic talents of no mean order, and the late Mr. Towers obtained opportunities for her public appearance on the N.Z. stage. The great success she attained determined the late Mr. Towers to arrange for her appearance on the stage of a Melbourne theatre. In the course of events arrangements were made with Messrs. Harwood, Stewart, Hennings and Coppin, of the Theatre Royal, and on Saturday, February 13th, 1875, Miss Towers appeared on the stage of that establishment in Mr. Frank Towers original, drama, "A Waif of the Streets," in which the late Mr. Frank Towers appeared as Props, Miss Rosa Towers as Miggs (the Waif), and Mrs. Frank Towers as The Hon. Amelia Anastasia Ophelia Celeste Melinda Mantrap. During the same season he appeared as Zachariah Blemish, in "Grif." With the latter play the Towers' season closed. After visiting England, South Africa and other parts of the world, the Towers' trio returned to Australia, and opened a season at the Bijou Theatre, Melbourne, on the 3rd of March, 1883, after an absence of some seven years in a new play by Mr. Frank Scudmore, entitled "Fighting Fortune," in which the deceased comedian appeared as Moses Alderson. He played a round of characters until Monday, April 23rd, 1883, when he met with a serious accident. In the play, "Fighting Fortune," a burning beam, which falls during one of the scenes, fell heavily on Mr. Towers' head, inflicting a nasty wound, which rendered him insensible for some considerable time. He did not again appear during the season, which closed April 28th, 1883. Prior to their return to Melbourne, Miss Rosa Towers was married to the business manager and agent, Mr. J. D. Cox, but the union Was any thing but a happy one, and the pair parted on no very amicable terms. The Towers family again went on their travels and ultimately arrived in India, where their success was at first moderate - and then became from bad to worse. The deceased comedian never recovered the full use of his mental energies, consequent on the injury to his head received in Melbourne (as noted above), the illness of his wife, who is now a confirmed invalid, and the ill success attending his many efforts at management in different cities in the Indian Empire, combined to bring on severe illness, which some short time since eventuated in his death in that quarter of the globe.
W. H. W.

"THE LATE MR. FRANK TOWERS", Evening News (31 August 1886), 4 

The death in India of Mr. Frank Towers, the actor manager, is announced. Mr. Towers was well know in Australia, and especially in Sydney. He was the son of Johnson Towers, lessee of the old "Vic" in London. Frank Towers went on the stage as a boy. He came to Australia at an early age, and married one of the then celebrated Buckingham Family. As manager of the local "Vic," now Messrs. Harris and Ackman's auction rooms, Towers was a great success. It was in that theatre that his talented daughter, Rosa Towers, made her debut. Mr. Towers wrote several plays, some of them being the most playable ever produced in Australia, of Australian authorship. Twelve years ago Mr. Towers left Australia, and after travelling a good deal he settled in the Cape of Good Hope. There he amassed what to most people would have been a competency, but Frank could never be content, and he returned to Australia with several thousand pounds, which he again invested in management with a disastrous result. Rosa, from an interesting, abnormally clever child, had grown to be a commonplace actress, and whatever assistance she might have been to her father he lost by her secret marriage with an actor named Woods. The Towers left Australia almost penniless, and now comes the news of the death of the head of the family, while Mrs. Towers, it is said, lies bedridden.

TOWERS, Frederick Wilson (Frederick Wilson TOWERS; Master Frederick TOWERS; Mr. F. W. TOWERS)

Pianist ("The Australian Thalberg"), composer, organist, choral conductor

Born Cockermouth, Cumberland, England, 1848; baptised All Saints's church, Cockermouth, 27 August 1848; son of Thompson TOWERS 9d. 1886) and Elizabeth BELL (d. 1872)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 4 July 1853 (per Erasmus, from London, with parents, aged "5")
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865
Died Melbourne, VIC, 15 December 1872, aged 24 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Cockermouth, Cumberland; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 2434 (PAYWALL)

New St. / Thompson Towers / Head / 42 / Cartwright employing three men / [born] [Cumberland] . . .
Elizabeth [Towers] / Wife / 36 / - / [born] [Cumberland] Cockermouth
Ann / 13 // Eliz'h / 11 // Wm. / 9 // John Bell / 7 //
Frederick W. Towers / Son / 2 / Cumb. Cockermouth // Arthur Wellesley / 3 months . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8

In Melbourne, of the distinguished and accomplished artiste LADY DON, Previous to hor departure for California.
THIS EVENING, The performances will commence with The Grand, Romantic, Legendary Spectacle, in two acts, by J. Sterling Coyne, Esq., Entitled, SATANUS; Or, THE SPIRIT OF BEAUTY Introducing all the most popular music from Balfe's grand opera of Satanella . . .
After which, MASTER FREDERICK TOWERS, Aged 15 years (Pianist),
And MASTER HENRY CURTIS, Aged 11 years (Violinist),
Pupils of Mr. Gover, Will make their first appearance in public, and perform

ASSOCIATIONS: William Hoskins (actor, manager); Henry Gover (teacher); Henry Curtis (violinist)

[News], The Argus (4 December 1865), 5

. . . To-night H. J. Byron's new comedy, "War to the Knife," is to be produced at the Haymarket; and the two juvenile musicians, described respectively as the "Australian Paganini" and the "Australian Thalberg," will make an appearance . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1865), 8

Engagement, for Six Nights Only, Of MASTER HENRY CURTIS, The Australian Paganini,
And MASTER FREDERICK POWERS, The Australian Thalberg . . .
PIANOFORTE SOLO - (Vincent Wallace's Cracovienne), Master Frederick Towers . . .

MUSIC: La cracovienne (Wallace)

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (12 December 1866), 5 

A complimentary concert was given, last evening, to Mr. H. B. Gover by his pupils. There was not a large attendance, though a very attractive, but somewhat long, programme had been prepared. The vocal performers were Miss Campbell, Miss Radcliffe, Miss Glynn, Miss Terlecki, Miss Martha Curtis, Master H. Curtis and Master Willie Hunter. The instrumentalists consisted of Master H. Curtis, Master C. Glynn, Master L. Radcliffe, Master W. Radcliffe, Master F. W. Towers, Master J. W. Forbes, Master H. Curtis, Miss Terlecki, Miss C. Terlecki, Miss Glynn, Miss Radcliffe, Master Willie Hunter, Master Fitzgerald and Master F. Towers. There were some very excellent selections of instrumental music given, and the performance of the youthful musicians as a whole was highly creditable to their instructor. The Australian March Triumphant, composed by F. W. Towers, which concluded the first part, is a telling piece of music.


The grand hall of the Exhibition Building presented, yesterday evening, the most brilliant appearance it has yet worn during the concerts of the Festival on behalf of the charitable institutions; and it is gratifying to see that the public interest in the enterprise is increasing. The programme has been most judiciously varied for each concerts and an endeavor would appear to have been made to suit every taste. Yesterday evening was fixed as on occasion for the presentation of the best works of our colonial composers, and the programme included the overture to Mr. S. H. Marsh's opera of "The Gentleman in Black," an original flute solo by Mr. Siede, Mr. Horsley's "Exhibition March," the "Australian Triumphal March," by Mr. Towers (pupil of Mr. Gover), the late Signor Cutolo's "Choral March," composed for the opening of the Exhibition, and a patriotic song entitled "Australia," written and composed by Mr. James Waller, who also sang it . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Edward Horsley (composer); Julius Siede (composer); Stephen Hale Marsh (composer); James Waller (composer, vocalist); Cesare Cutolo (composer)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (29 December 1870), 4 

MR. FREDERICK WILSON TOWERS has the honour to announce that, having been appointed organist of Christ Church, Geelong, he will be open to receive a limited number of pupils, commencing on January 9th, 1871. For further particulars apply to Mr. Franks, Bookseller, Moorabool-street.

"GIORZA'S NEW MASS", Advocate (17 August 1872), 12-13 

LAST SUNDAY morning an event took place of great interest to the musical world, in the performance of Signor Giorza'a new Mass, at St. Francis' Church . . . [13] . . . A word of praise is due to Mr. Towers, the organist of St. Francis, for the labour and pains lie must have taken in rehearsing a work of this class, uniting in itself all the technical difficulties such music necessarily does, and to overcome which must have required all to work con amore . . . All the solo singers acquitted themselves well - Miss Bailey, Miss Bassett, Mrs. Fox, Mrs. Sanderson, Mr. Staker, and Mr. Furlong. At the Offertorium Mrs. Fox sang the Inflammatus from Rossini's Stabat Mater with great feeling and animation. Mr. Towers played Batiste's Andante in G, which seems to have established itself as a favourite both with organists and lovers, of music. Mr. Towers played this with refinement and finish; also Scotson Clark's "March aux Flambeaux."

ASSOCIATIONS: Paolo Giorza (composer)

MUSIC: Messe solenelle no. 3 (Giorza, 1870); Andante in G (Batiste); March aux flambeaux (Scotson Clark)

"ST. FRANCIS' CHOIR", Advocate (12 October 1872), 6 

Haydn's Grand Mass, No. 4, in B flat, was performed at the eleven o'clock service in St. Francis' Church on Sunday last, in a manner which reflected credit upon Mr. F. W. Towers, the organist and conductor, and all who took part in its execution . . . The soloists were Mrs. Smythe (Miss Amelia Bailey), soprano; Miss Bassett, contralto; Mr. Staker, tenor; Mr. W. R. Furlong, basso . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Amelia Smythe (soprano vocalist); William Furlong (bass vocalist)

"DEATHS", The Age (16 December 1872), 2 

TOWERS - On the 15th December, at the residence of his lather (Mac's Hotel, Franklin-street, Melbourne), Frederick Wilson, the beloved son of Mr. Thompson Towers, aged twenty-four years.

Musical works:

O salutaris (composed and dedicated to Miss F. Bassett by F. W. Towers), MS 

Salve regina; F. W. T.; MS 

TOWL, Edward (Edward TOWL)

Amateur musician, cornet player, flute player, viola player, saxhorn player, bassoon player, chemist and druggist

Born Burgh le Marsh, Lincolnshire, England, 4 January 1831 (date on gravestone); son of Thomas TOWL (d. 1877) and Jane CHARLTON (d. 1865)
Arrived Geelong, VIC, 26 November 1852 (per Arundel, from London, 14 July)
Married Maria GILCHRIST, Geelong, VIC, 1857
Died Ballarat, VIC, 28 July 1907, aged "76" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Florence Ellen Towl (1870-1952; "Madame Ballara"; m. Charles Bury Collins, 1909)

Edward Towl

Edward Towl


Names and descriptions of passengers per Arundel from London, 14 July 1852, for Port Phillip; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

. . . Towle Edward / 25 [sic] . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (24 May 1854), 3 

THE Geelong Harmonic Society beg to inform the Musical Amateurs, that the usual evening performances for the ensuing season, were resumed in the Presbyterian School House, on WEDNESDAY evening, the 10th instant, and will be continued every succeeding WEDNESDAY, at 7 o'clock.
The attention of musical amateurs is respectfuly directed to this opportunity for mutual improvement, under the superintendance of a professional leader.
TO PROFESSIONAL MUSICIANS. REQUIRED a competent LEADER, to superintend the weekly performances of the above society.
For further particulars, apply to Mr. EDWARD TOWLE, at Doctor Towles, Market square.

ASSOCIATIONS: Geelong Harmonic Society (organisation)

"BALLAARAT PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age [Melbourne, VIC] (10 March 1858), 5 

A meeting of gentlemen, desirous for the formation of a Philharmonic Society upon Ballaarat, was held on Friday evening, at the Miners' Exchange. Mr. D. Oliver was nominated in the chair, and opened the proceedings by stating the objects of the meeting. He said that a preliminary meeting had been held at his house, when several gentlemen were present, and it was then resolved to call a public meeting, and endeavor to form a really good Philharmonic Society on Ballaarat. He believed if they liked they could establish a society which would equal either Melbourne or Geelong, and he trusted all lovers of music would come forward and tender their assistance. He congratulated the meeting upon having secured the services of a first rate conductor and leader, the former in the person of Mr. A. S. Turner [sic], and the latter in M. Fleury, who was so justly celebrated by his powerful performance on the violin. He had written to Melbourne and Geelong for copies of the rules and regulations of the societies existing in those towns, and he believed that the rules of the Melbourne society would be found with a few alterations suitable for the Ballaarat Society. He should call upon Mr. Edward Towle to read the rules of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society.
Mr. Towle after reading the rules, moved that they be adopted, subject to the revision of the sub-committee to be hereafter appointed.
Mr. Lake seconded, and the motion was put and carried . . .
The Chairman then stated that he would like to see a good working committee appointed. He moved "that a committee of ten be at once chosen, out of which a working committee could be afterwards appointed." He took occasion to pay a well-deserved compliment to the German Liederkrantz Society, and trusted that many of their members would join the society, and that a few of them might be appointed to serve on the committee.
The following gentlemen were then unanimously ap pointed to act on the committee, viz., Dr Kupplerhery [sic], of the Leiderkrantz, Messrs Towle, Gates, Brunn, Frantz, Lake, Doane, Stoddart, Sayers, and Stower; Mr. D. Oliver was appointed secretary, Mr. Thomas White, treasurer, and Mr. Alfred [sic] Oliver, librarian. Tho election of patrons, president and vice-president was postponod until next meeting of the society. A rehearsal was fixed for Thursday evening next at half past seven, when several pieces will be gone through. Performing members were enrolled, and after singing the "National Anthem," by way of trying the room, which has been so kindly placed at their disposal by Mr. Underwood, the meeting broke up. - Ballaarat Times.

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel and Albert Oliver (members); Austin Theodore Turner (conductor); Achille Fleury (leader, violinist); John Lake (member); Florian Kupferberg (member); Joseph Atwood Doane (member); Thomas White (member); Ballarat Philharmonic Society (organisation); German Liederkranz (Ballarat organisation)

"BALLARAT EAST PUBLIC LIBRARY", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (20 September 1864), 3 

A concert in aid of the funds of the Ballarat East Public library was given in the Eastern Town Hall on Monday evening . . . Instrumental Soloists - Mr. Thomas King, clarionet; first violins, Messrs. Thomas King (leader), Labalestrier and Bellair; second violins, Messrs. Mather and Wheatley; tenor, Mr. Towl; violoncellos, Messrs. Stower and Rushton; basso, Mr. Sims; clarionet, Mr. Williams; flute, Mr Fiford; cornets, Messrs. Wheeler and Evans; trombone, Mr. Ellis; saxhorn, Mr. Cox; pianists, Messrs. Turner and Weber . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas King (musician); Alfred Labalestrier (musician); William Mather (musician); Stephen Thomas Wheeler (musician); Emil Rudolph Weber (pianist)

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2 supplement 

The Theatre Royal was opened on Saturday night for the benefit of Mr. Thomas King, a gentleman whose career as a musician in Ballarat bas been a long one, and one in which he has won respect on all sides . . . The instrumentalists were - Cornets, Messrs. Labalestrier and Evans; violins, Messrs T. King, Brock, Montgomery, Peters, and Mather; violoncello, Mr. Stower; contra bass, Mr. Sims; flutes, Messrs. Towl and Quin; Saxhorns, Messrs. Wheeler and Moss; bass sax, Mr. Cox; drums, Messrs. Rose and George. Mr. E. R. Weber and Mr. Wheeler were pianists . . .

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (16 April 1866), 3 

NEW ORDERLY ROOM. By permission of LIEUT.-COL. WALLACE and the Officers of the Ballarat Rangers.
From half-past Seven to Eleven o'clock, In aid of the BAND FUND.
Overtures, Operatic Selections, and the newest and most fashionable Dance Music of the season, will be performed by the Band.
Admission one shilling; monthly double ticket, 5s; monthly single ticket, 3s.

"HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Ballarat Star (16 August 1867), 3 

The complimentary benefit given by the Harmonic Society to its accomplished conductor, Mr. Austin T. Turner, on Thursday evening, in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, was very successful in every way . . . Besides those already mentioned there were the following instrumentalists: - First violins, Messrs. King and Bruun; second violins, Messrs. Richardson, Rushton, and Mather; violas, Messrs. Wiedermann and Whitford; flute, Mr. Lang; clarionet, Mr. Robson; fagotti, Mr. Cox; trombones, Messrs. Ellis, White, and Master Prout; drum, Mr. A. Oliver; cornet, Mr Towl. The overture was from "Maritana," and was followed by Webbe's glee, "When winds breath soft" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Traugott Wiedemann (musician); John Robson (musician); Ballarat Harmonic Society (organisation)


The Good Friday concert of the Harmonic Society was held this year, as previously, in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute, which was filled to overflowing . . . The orchestra [i.e including chorus] numbered about one hundred performers - Mr. A. T. Turner was the conductor, Mr. T. King the leader, and Mrs. King the pianist. The instrumentalists were as follows: - First violins, Messrs T. King, Darrant, and Young; second violins, Messrs Bruun, Rushton, and Rose; viola, Mr. Weiddermann; violincello, Mr. Kent; contra basso, Mr. West; flutes, Messrs. Lang and Harridge; clarionetts, Messrs. Robson and Williams; horns, pro cornets, Messrs. Richardson and Sims; saxe tuba, pro bassoon, Mr. Towl; trombone, Sir Ellis; drums, Mr. A. Oliver . . .

"HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Ballarat Star (27 December 1872), 2 

. . . The band was ably led by Mr Thomas King, and, as we have said; was really efficient, considering its size. The most noticeable performances were those of Mr. Hicks on the clarionet, and Mr. Towl on his wind instrument, both of them members who can scarcely be termed amateurs, the latter especially having all the promptness of an old professional, and being perfect in tone and expression. Altogether this, the latest performance of Handel's "Messiah" by the society, was highly creditable . . .

"BALLARAT PICTURE AND CHRONICLES. BY W. B. WITHERS . . . THE FINE ARTS", The Ballarat Star (26 October 1889), 1 

. . . The first thing in the shape of theatrical business in Ballarat seems to have been Jones and Noble's circus, which opened some time in 1853 on the hill by Prince Regent's gully. Probably, too, the first ball ever held here was under the auspices of that hippodromic firm, for they issued invitations to the Government officials and others to an entertainment of the sort in the circus tent. The circus also occupied a site after that near what is now the intersection of Peel and Eastwood streets, and in the orchestra figured Edward Towl (with cornet), Geo. Weston (with violin) [sic, John], and one Tanner (with ophicleide). The drummer was a Vaudemonian, known as Jack the Drummer, who was not a teetotaller. In fact, one night he broke his drum, and the band started without him. Thence a passion of bibulous rage, the drummer chasing one of the band round the circus and subsequently figuring at the police court . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Weston (musician); William Tanner (musician); William Bramwell Withers (1823-1913, memorist, eye-witness); John Sullivan Noble (circus proprietor, active 1851-54)

"DEATH OF MR. EDWARD TOWL", The Ballarat Star (29 July 1907), 6 

Many in Ballarat will learn with regret of the death of Mr. Edward Towl, the well known chemist, of Sturt street. The deceased gentleman, who was 76 years of age, had been ailing for some weeks, but he was able to be about until a few days ago, when he was laid up with an affection of the heart, to which he succumbed yesterday morning at 5 o'clock, in the presence of the members of his family. The deceased gentleman was a pioneer chemist and druggist of Victoria and amongst his early colleagues was the late Mr. Henry Brind, who, like Mr. Towl, carried on business in the anti-stockade days.

The late Mr. Towl, who was a native of Lincolnshire, England, arrived in Geelong in 1852, and opened a shop in Skene street, Newtown, now one of the fashionable suburbs of the pivot. He was there in 1856 and towards the sixties he took up his residence in Ballarat, where he had since lived. When he came here he took over the present Sturt street business, which was established in 1853. The deceased gentleman was held in esteem by all classes. He was well known in musical circles, and in the early days of Ballarat he assisted in the founding of several musical associations, including the old Philharmonic Society, which produced many capable and clever performers. He was in the early days associated with the late Mr. Austin Turner, and Messrs. John Lake, John Robson, T. J. Lamble, of Melbourne, and Mr. Furlong, all of whom were greatly interested in music. Mr. Towl was also for a long time connected with the choir at Christ Church Pro-Cathedral, and he took considerable in terest in the affairs of the Ballarat Liedertafel.

Mr. Towl built up a very extensive business as a chemist and druggist in Ballarat, and after a period extending over 40 years he was succeeded by his son. He was several times asked to enter public life, but be preferred to confine his attention to his business. Early last year the deceased took a trip to Europe, and while there had the pleasure of seeing his daughter, Miss Florence Towl (Madame Ballara) win the applause of large audiences. Mr. Towl benefited considerably by that trip. Mr. and Mrs, Towl celebrated their golden wedding on the 11th April. Madame Ballara came specially from the old country to be present at the function, and it is a melancholy coincidence that she should have remained to be present with the other members the family at the bedside of her father when he passed away. The deceased leaves a widow and three sons and a daughter, the latter being Madame Ballara, who during recent years has made a name for herself in Europe as an operatic artist. Regret was expressed in church circles yesterday at the death of Mr. Towl, who for many years took an active interest in church affairs, and who at all times rendered all the assistance he could in charitable movements. The funeral will leave the deceased's residence, Sturt Street, this afternoon for the Old Cemetery.

TOWLE, Thomas (Thomas TOWLE; Mr. T. TOWLE; Mr. TOWLE)

Amateur vocalist. merchant, draper

Born England, 1816; son of John TOWLE (d. 1860) and Elizabeth HARRISON
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 15 January 1841 (per Fergusson, from Plymouth, 25 September 1840)
Married Sarah Ann TOWNSEND (c. 1823-1885), VIC, 1843
Died Geelong, VIC, 29 October 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Geleong Harmonic Society (member); Geelong Philharmonic Society (member)

TOWLE, Frederick William (Frederick William TOWLE; F. W. TOWLE; Dr. TOWLE)

Amateur vocalist, surgeon

Born Wilne, Derbyshire, England, 1818; baptised Wilne, 20 September 1818; son of John TOWLE (d. 1860) and Elizabeth HARRISON
Arrived VIC, by Early 1850
Married Maria Kirkpatrick WHITE (1814-1906), VIC, 1850
Died Geelong, VIC, 15 October 1892 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society (member, president); Geleong Harmonic Society (member, vice-president)

TOWLE, Henry Francis (Henry Francis TOWLE; H. F. TOWLE; Mr. TOWLE; alias H. F. HARRISON)

Musician, tenor vocalist, pianist, conductor, musical instrument retailer

Born Geelong, VIC, 1848; son of Thomas TOWLE (1816-1885) and Sarah Ann TOWNSEND (c. 1823-1885)
Married (1) Jane HALL, Christchurch, NZ, 1879 (divorce VIC, 1883)
Married (2) Agnes Kelton STEWART, Melbourne, VIC, 22 April 1885 (divorce 1899)
Died Dunedin, NZ, 2 June 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (4 February 1856), 2

At the annual meeting of the members of this Society, held on the 3rd Dec., 1855, a testimonial of which the following is a copy, was presented to Mr. John Rogers on the occasion of his retiring from the post of Conductor to the Society:

Geelong, January 4th, 1856. To Mr. John Rogers, Geelong, Victoria.
Sir, - To convey to you the feelings expressed by the members of the Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society, at a late general meeting, is the special duty of the undersigned by appointment of the committee . . .
We are, sir, yours, &c.
F. W. TOWLE, President; GEO. W. BARKER, Hon. Sec. CHAS. ANDREWS, WALTER M. HITCHCOCK, Sub-committee.
The meeting was held at the Scotch School Room, in Yarra-steet; and a testimonial similar to the above was also presented to Mr. Rogers, by the lady members of the society accompanied by a handsome gold chain, as a token of their regard.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Rogers (conductor)

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (5 January 1859), 2 

The annual meeting of the Geelong Philharmonic Society was held last evening, at the Mechanics' Institute . . . The Treasurer reported a deficiency of £58. Mr. Towle moved, and Mr. Wilson seconded the advisability of winding up the society . . .

"GEELONG HARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (20 July 1860), 2 

. . . Mr F. Moore proposed that Dr. Towle be elected vice-president. Seconded by Mr Bowden. Dr. Towle alluded to his irregular attendance, and thought it useless to have dummy officers. He was unanimously re-elected. Mr. I'Erson moved, and several members seconded that Mr. T. Towle be re-elected to the treasurership. Carried with acclamation . . .

"THE HOSPITAL BAZAAR AND THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (28 November 1865), 3 

"SACRED CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 April 1868), 2 

"THE TOWN", Leader (31 December 1870), 11 

The musical arrangements at St. Francis' Cathedral on Sunday were of more than usual excellence. They commenced with the chorus And the Glory of the Lord, from Messiah, and this, admirably sung, was followed by one of the best performances of Mozart's twelfth mass yet heard in this city. The soloists, Madame Hildebrandt, Miss Pilkington, Mr. Towle, and Mr. W. R. Furlong, gave great satisfaction; and a small orchestra, under the leadership of Mr. E. King, was very successful in adding effect to the performance of this popular composition . . . the organist, Mr. C. E. Horsley . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Anna Pilkington (vocalist); William Furlong (vocalist); Charles Edward Horsley (organist); Edward King (violin)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (11 April 1872), 3 

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. H. F. TOWLE", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1872), 2 

"CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (12 September 1872), 2 

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (15 August 1873), 2 

The first animal meeting of the Bendigo Philharmonic Society was held last evening, at the Rides Orderly Room . . . Mr. G. Victor was appointed leader, and Mr. Thomas Towle, librarian. Mr. H. F. Towle having resigned his position as conductor . . .

"CITY POLICE COURT. Tuesday, 5th May . . . ALLEGED FRAUD AND FORGERY", Bendigo Advertiser (6 May 1874), 2 

Henry Francis Towle, brought up on remand from Maryborough, was charged with having, on or about 28th March, he being agent of Messrs. Wilkie, Campbell [sic, Webster], and Allan, without the authority of the said firm, sold a piano, valued at £70, to Thomas Crabbe for £63, and fraudulently appropriated the same to his own use. There was a further charge that prisoner did feloniously forge a certain agreement purporting to be made between Wilkie, Campbell, and Allan, and Sarah Dorman, on 27th December, and there was a third charge that he did forge another agreement purporting to be between the same firm and W. E. Harcourt on 31st December. Mr. Conant appeared for prisoner, and Mr. Brown for the prosecution. Mr. Conant applied for bail. Mr. Brown said it was a painful thing for him to have to prosecute an old friend; he called attention to the fact that the books were undergoing investigation in Melbourne, and said that at a rough estimate there was £600 deficient. Mr. Conant stated that it was absolutely necessary that bail should be allowed to enable prisoner to get up his defence. The bench fixed the bail at two sureties of £300, and self in £600, on all three charges.

"CITY POLICE COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (14 May 1874), 3

"CIRCUIT COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1874), 2 

"SANDHURST CIRCUIT COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (24 July 1874), 2 

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (12 October 1883), 3 

A petition for divorce has been filed by Mrs. Jane Towle, aged 23, who accuses her husband Henry Francis Towle, "otherwise Harrison," described as the musical director of an Opera Company, of adultery and cruelty. The parties were married in New Zealand in 1879, but their domestic troubles do not seem to have arisen until a year after their arrival in Melbourne, in 1882. According to the petitioner, her musical husband then occasionally varied his amusement by knocking her down, breaking umbrellas over her head, and paying illicit visits to houses of ill fame.

"MELBOURNE DIVORCE COURT . . . TOWLE V. TOWLE", The Ballarat Star (14 December 1883), 2 

"DEATH", Geelong Advertiser (30 October 1885), 2 

Towle. - On Thursday, October 29th, at the residence of his daughter Mrs F. M. Moore, Pakington-street, Geelong, Thomas Towle, aged 68.

"A THEATRICAL DIVORCE SUIT", Barrier Miner [Broken Hill, NSW] (26 April 1899), 3 

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 June 1899), 1 

TOWLE. - On the 2nd June, at private hospital, Dunedin, Henry Francis Towle.

"WHISPERS AT THE WINGS", Sportsman [Melbourne, VIC] (25 June 1901), 6 

"ON AND OFF", Smith's Weekly [Sydney, NSW] (12 January 1929), 7 

TOWNS, Edwin (Edwin TOWNS; Mr. E. TOWNS)

Professor of dancing, actor, dancer

Born London, England, 1826 (PROV 1854 c. 1815)
Active Launceston and Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1847-57
Active VIC, NSW, 1854-60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


THEATRICAL, The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (24 March 1847), 235 

On Monday evening we attended the Olympic, and were much gratified with the performance generally. The pieces were of a first-rate description, and this circumstance taken in conjunction with the new scenery, dresses, decorations, &c., afforded the most unlimited satisfaction to the spectators. In the first piece, the "Knights of St. John," the part of Kehama was admirably sustained by Mr. Kenny, as was Clarice de Beriot by Mrs. Mereton. Mrs. Rogers exerted herself with her usual success, and elicited the most rapturous plaudits by her first-rate style of singing. Mr. Towns appears to have improved, although from the limited nature of his part he enjoyed but little opportunity of distinguishing himself . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Kenney (actor); Mrs. Mereton (actor); Emma Rogers (actor, vocalist)

[Advertisement], Colonial Times [Hobart, TAS] (4 June 1847), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. MESSRS. CLARKE, ROGERS, & YOUNG, beg most respectfully to announce to their Friends and Patrons, that in consequence of the great success of the New Comic Pantomime, it will be repeated on MONDAY, JUNE 7, 1847.
The Entertainments will therefore commence with (for the fifth time) the much-admired Pantomime of
TRANSFORMATION. Harlequin - MR. TOWNS. Clown - MR. YOUNG: Pantaloon - MR. MEADOWS.
Harlequina - MISS E. THOMSON. Columbine - MRS. YOUNG . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Michael Clarke (manager); George Herbert Rogers (actor); Charles Young (dancer, actor); Jane Young (dancer); Eliza Thomson (dancer)

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (10 April 1850), 230

MR. EDWIN TOWNS, Professor of Dancing, begs to inform the public of Launceston and its vicinity, that on and after Monday next, the 15th instant, he will pursue his profession as teacher in all branches, and trusts, by strict attention to receive a share of public patronage. Terms can be ascertained upon application at the London Inn. N. B. - Allowances made to schools an families. The "Mazourka Quadrilles" taught on the newest style. April 10.

"MR. TOWNS' BENEFIT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (27 March 1852), 2 

On reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr. E. Towns takes his Benefit, at the Albert Theatre, on Monday evening next. The pieces selected are, the tragedy of "The Revenge;" to be followed by an interlude, consisting of Singing and Dancing; to conclude with the musical farce of "The Two Gregories." Mr. Towns has been performing in Hobart Town for the last eight years, and we hope he will have a "bumper" bouse, as he is invariably "up" in his part, and discharges the duties allotted to him with talent.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 November 1850), 763 

OLYMPIC ROOMS. - Mr. Alfred Howson and Mr. Edwin Towns beg to acquaint their friends and the public, that they have taken the above rooms for a short season, and that it is their intention to open them on Monday and Thursday evenings in each week with a ball, the first to take place on Monday night next, the 4th November. Admission two shillings. Doors open at half-past eight. Dancing to commence at 9 o'clock. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. A. Howson. Master of the Ceremonies, Mr. E. Towns. November 2.


"MR. TOWNS' BENEFIT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (27 March 1852), 2 

On reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr. E. Towns takes his Benefit, at the Albert Theatre, on Monday evening next. The pieces selected are, the tragedy of "The Revenge;" to be followed by an interlude, consisting of Singing and Dancing; to conclude with the musical farce of "The Two Gregories." Mr. Towns has been performing in Hobart Town for the last eight years [sic], and we hope he will have a "bumper" house, as he is invariably "up" in his part, and discharges the duties allotted to him with talent.

Return of outward bound vessels from the port of Launceston, Clarence, for Melbourne, 15 April 1854; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:617877; POL220/1/3 p538$init=POL220-1-3P269 (DIGITISED)

NOTE: Matching PROV index arrival record gives his age as "38" (born c. 1815)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (2 March 1855), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL, CASTLEMAINE . . . THIS EVENING, FRIDAY, MARCH 2nd, In Shakspeare's Tragedy, in 5 Acts, MACBETH, Which will be performed with all the original Music "by Locke," assisted by a powerful chorus. Duncan, King of Scotland - Mr. C. Walsh; Malcolm and Donalbain, his two sons - Mr. Murray and Mr. Towns . . . Hecate - Mr. John Gregg . . . The Music arranged by Mr. James Schott . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Gregg (vocalist); James Schott (musical director)

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (probably correctly by Richard Leveridge)

"LYCEUM THEATRE. FIRST APPEARANCE OF MISS CAROLINE GEORGE", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (7 March 1857), 5 

The benefit of Mr. E. Towns was very well attended on Wednesday evening, when his protege Miss Caroline George, made her debut as "Amanthis" in the child of Nature, and her talented efforts were crowned with complete success. Her self possession, during the trying ordeal while success was at least doubtful, was wonderful for a child so young - only ten years . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline George (born Launceston, 1846; dancer, actor, Miss Carry/Carrie George; from 1864, Mrs. Robert Winsor Lawrence of Ballarat)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (24 July 1857), 1 

THEATRE ROYAL. Monday Evening, July 27 . . . NEW COMPANY . . .
Supported by the following Ladies and Gentlemen -
Mrs. SMEATHMAN, of the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney; Miss BELLA SMEATHMAN, ditto; Miss AGGY SMEATHMAN, ditto;
Mr. T. G. DRUMMOND, Princess Theatre, Melbourne; Mr. W. CULL, Victoria Theatre, Sydney; Mr. G. EDWARDS, Lyceum Theatre, Sydney;
Mr. TOWNS, Theatre Royal, Melbourne . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. Saturday", Empire [Sydney, NSW] (26 September 1859), 5 

Edwin Towns, was charged with stealing £6 10s., the properly of L. Menser [Liphman Menser], dealer, York-street; the prisoner was defended by Mr. Moffat. L. Menser deposed, he knew the prisoner; had been residing in his house for two months back; had occasion to leave town on Wednesday last, for Parramatta; on arriving at his residence on Thursday evening, found that his desk had been broken open, and money, to the amount of £6 10s. abstracted. On charging the prisoner with the offence he positively denied it. Witness then asked him if he had got any money; prisoner said he had borrowed £1 from a Mr. Flint, residing in the upper end of Palmer-street; witness then enquired after Mr. Flint, and found he was a totally imaginary person; in the interim the prisoner made off but was subsequently taken into custody by an officer of the detective force. The Bench after carefully hearing the case committed the prisoner to take his trial at the Central Criminal Court.


Edwin Towns, convicted of stealing in a dwelling house, was sentenced to be imprisoned in Sydney gaol, with hard labour, for six months.

Entrace register, Parramatta Gaol, October 1859; entrance book, 1854-62, page 119; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Edward Towns, or Tarns / [arrived in NSW by ship] Admella 1859 / [year of birth] 1826 / [height] 5 ft 1 in / [build] Slight / [complexion] Ruddy / [hair] Dark brown / [eyes] hazel / [Born] London / Protestant / [trade] Theatrical . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (1 October 1860), 2

Return of Prisoners confined in H. M. Gaol Parramatta, sentences expire during the month of October, 1860 . . . Edwin Towns . . .

"PRISONERS DISCHARGED", Repots of crime, etc., etc., for police information [NSW] (1 November 1860), 2 

Return of Prisoners discharged from H. M. Gaol, at Parramatta, during the week ending 28th October, 1860: - . . . Edwin Towns (or Tarns) . . .

TOWNSEND, Joseph Phipps (Joseph Phipps TOWNSEND0

Traveller, writer, transcriber of Indigenous song

Born Surrey, England, 13 November 1812; baptised All Saints' church, Warlingham, 1 December 1812; son of Charles TOWNSEND and Lucy JESSE
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 26 March 1842 (per Pathfinder, from London and Plymouth, via Melbourne, 28 February)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 21/22 July 1846 (per St. George, for London)
Married Penelope WOOLLAM, Abbey church, St. Albans, 3 February 1853
Died Tottenham, Middlesex, England, 12 May 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (Wikidata) (shareable link to this entry)


Townsend travelled country NSW, from Ulladulla to the Illawarra, and his Rambles and observations (1849) includes several observations of Indigenous singing and dancing.

Not always a sympathetic observer, he borrowed a couplet from Ford:

When they joined in doleful chorus,
How these happy blacks did bore us (Rambles and observations, 90)

Yet he admitted, at the same time, that one of his most admired native guides, "Jimmy Woodbury" was:

a great man at corrobbories . . . and I know that he has walked fifty miles, in one day, in order to join in a dance at night (89, also 97).

Townsend also noted:

When our blacks visited Sydney, and saw the military paraded, and heard the bands, they said that was "white fellow' corrobbory". . .


Their own songs are monotonous, and consist of the frequent repetition of a few words, such as, "Water, water, where is water? There is water, welling out of the ground"; but this, of course, is sung in their own dialect. They have their bards or rhymers, who compose their songs; and, when a new song is produced, it passes quickly from tribe to tribe" (100).

He also printed a transcription and arrangement of An Aboriginal chant (in New South Wales) [Malayah] (91).

See main entry on the chant:



Joseph Phipps Townsend, Rambles and observations in New South Wales with sketches of men and manners, notices of the Aborigines and glimpses of scenery, and some hints to emigrants (London: Chapman and Hall, 1849) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

"REVIEW (From the Colonial Magazine for June)", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1849), 3-4

Joseph Phipps Townsend papers, 21 July 1846-24 September 1862; State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 1461 

TOWZEY, Richard (John Richard TOWZEY) = Richard STEWART

TOZER, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Peryman TOZER; Mrs. Edward LANE; Mrs. LANE)

Vocalist (? soprano)

? Born Dartmouth, Devon, England, c. 1832; daughter of John TOZER (d. 1867) and Ann PERYMAN
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 25 July 1856 (per Hooghly, from Plymouth, 13 April)
Married Edward LANE, Wesleyan chapel, North Adelaide, SA, 6 March 1862
Died Gawler, SA, 12 January 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TOZER, Caroline = see main entry Caroline PERYMAN

Contralto, mezzo soprano, vocalist

Born Dartmouth, Devon, England, c. 1837/8; daughter of John TOZER and Ann PERYMAN
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 25 July 1856 (per Hooghly, from Plymouth, 13 April)
Married Frederick George Byron PERYMAN, SA, 22 May 1859
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1859; Melbourne, VIC, from August 1863; Adelaide, SA, by 1871
Died Rockdale, NSW, 16 February 1903, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TOZER, Joanna Mabin (Joanna Mabin TOZER; Mrs. Frederick FOWLER)

Amateur vocalist (see 1870 below)

Born Dartmouth, Devon, c. 1839; daughter of John TOZER and Ann PERYMAN
Married Frederick FOWLER, ?
Died North Adelaide, SA, 24 February 1914 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


The two Tozer sisters from Dartmouth in Devon arrived in South Australia as government immigrants in July 1856. They were probably the two lady amateurs, sisters, who almost immediately began appearing in Adelaide in association with Josiah Wyke Daniel, notably for the North Adelaide Choral Society in September 1856, and for the East Torrens Institute in October 1856.

When later they began to be billed by name, Elizabeth, the elder, was, according to convention, correctly identifiable as Miss Tozer, and as such she gave her first and only concert in her own right in Adelaide on 14 July 1859, assisted by her sister and Josiah Daniel (who was probably their instructor), Richard Baxter White, Daniel, and several other artists. Of the two, however, the younger Caroline was evidently the more talented and active as a public singer, and even in her sister's concert was billed to appear in two duets and a solo, compared with Elizabeth's single duet.

Up to the time of Caroline's marriage in 1859, when only one sister is reported to have performed it was perhaps more likely to have been Caroline, though a positive identification is not always possible.

Confusingly Caroline continued to appear in public as "Miss C. A. Tozer", and to be referred to in press notices as "Miss Tozer", for a few months after her marriage to her Peryman cousin, Frederick, in May 1859. By September, however, she was being consistently billed as Mrs. Peryman, though often, incorrectly, Perryman.

Thereafter, Elizabeth was indisputably the only "Miss Tozer" until her own marriage in 1862 to the Gawler widower, Edward Lane.

As "Mrs. Lane", Elizabeth continued to be active as a leading amateur vocalist in Gawler through the 1860s and into the early 1870s, as so too her sister Joanna (Mrs. Fowler). Their brother, John Henry (d. 1880) was a gardener at Beechworth, VIC, with musical daughters.


England census, 30 March 1851, St. Saviour, Dartmouth, Devon; UK National Archives, JO 107 / 1873 (PAYWALL)

[Crowdery Hill ?] / John Tozer / Head / 39 / Mason / [born] Devon East Allington
Ann [Tozer] / Wife / 49 / Seed seller / [Devon] Stoke . . .
Ann [Tozer] / Daug'r / 25 / Dress maker / [Devon] Dartmouth
John / 20 / Gardener / [Devon Dartmouth]
Elizabeth / 18 / Milliner / [Devon Dartmouth]
Sybilla / 15 / Scholar / [Devon Dartmouth]
Caroline [Tozer] / 13 / [Devon Dartmouth]
Lydia / 9 // Margaret / 6

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (26 July 1856), 2 

Friday 25 - The ship Hooghly, 490 tons, H. R. Rich master from Plymouth April 15, Elder and Co. agents. Dr J. Spence, Surgeon-Superintendent, in the cabin. Government emigrants - . . . Caroline Tozer, Elizabeth Tozer . . .

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (20 September 1856), 4 

Last evening the first concert of the present series given by this Society took place in Lefevre-terrace Chapel, North Adelaide, under the conductorship of Mr. J. W. Daniel. The attendance was highly respectable, and the chapel was well filled . . . Miss Pettman appeared to advantage in her solo "An angel bright," a sweet and pathetic little composition; and we may also congratulate the Society on the acquisition of some excellent voices, one being especially noticeable as a good contralto. The young lady's voice, however, requires some cultivation, when she may expect to win laurels, having an extraordinary range. She acquitted herself admirably in "Eve's Lamentation," a fine little composition by Rossini, introduced, however, by the conductor into the "oratorio Paradise." This young lady, with her sister, sang a sparkling duet, by Mendelsohn, in a manner so sweetly chaste and rich that it elicited a rapturous encore; and on repetition it was, if possible, better sung. The Concert an the whole was highly Successful, the performance being spirited and tasteful, and the Society promises well for the future; and this may be regarded as due to the energy of Mr. Daniel, the conductor. He will doubtless attract around him still greater numbers of "sweet voices and tuneful hearts." We must not omit mention of a talented young lady, Miss Phillips, who presided at the pianoforte, and performed the numerous and difficult accompaniments with fluency, and a style highly creditable. We close this necessarily brief notice with wishing the Society good speed, though we have passed by without notice several excellently performed parts of the programme.

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (16 October 1856), 3 

Yesterday evening a concert was given in connection with the East Torrens Institute. The weather was exceedingly unfavourable for this the first concert, but notwithstanding all bad influences there was a good attendance. The programme contained a larger selection than usual of English melodies, and as a matter of course met with due appreciation. They were rendered tolerably well on the whole, though two circumstances have to be considered - the fact that nearly all the vocalists were amateurs, and also that there was evidently as regarded one or two pieces a want of rehearsal. The first part of the programme opened with Bishop's flue old solo and chorus, "The Chough and Crow," well sung on the whole, but wanting a little more firmness and vigour in the solo usually given by a tenor voice. Mr. Daniel, the clever conductor, then gave with considerable effect, the aria from "La Sonnambula," "As I view these scenes so charming;" and it was followed by an unaccompanied duet, "Life's sunbeams," sung by two young ladies - sisters, we believe. The duet "The sailor sighs," by Balfe, sung by Mr. Daniel, tenor, and a lady amateur, contralto, was regarded apparently as one of the best compositions of the evening. It was repeated in compliance with a warm encore. The same lady sang Donizetti's cavatina - rendered to English words - "Here, in this humble cot," and in answer to the encore gave "The old arm-chair," so well known as the production of Eliza Cooke, and the music by Henry Russell. Miss Petman sang two ballads during the evening, and was very well received. The second duet, sung by the two young ladies we have before referred to, Glover's sparkling little composition, "Garnering flowers," was redemanded, and they substituted Mendelssohn's "I would that my love" . . . we cannot conclude this paragraph without offering our meed of praise to Miss E. Daniel, who presided with ability and taste at the pianoforte, and to the able conductor for the skill he manifested in bringing together such an attractive programme under circumstances of some difficulty

ASSOCIATIONS: East Torrens Institute (Adelaide association)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 January 1857), 1 

PROGRAMME OF COLEMAN JACOBS'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT, in White's Assembly Rooms THIS EVENING, Thursday, 8th January . . .
PART I. Glee - "Hark, the Curfew" - Miss Chalker, Miss Tozer, and J. W. Daniel - Attwood . . .
Duetto - "Oh, what various charms unfolding" - Miss Tozer and J. W. Daniel - Haydn . . .
Song and Trio - "The heir, the child of France" - Miss Chalker, Miss Tozer, and J. W. Daniel - Hobbs.
PART II. Glee - "Annie Laurie" - Rimbault . . .
Duett - "Music and her sister Song" - Miss Tozer and J. W. Daniel - Glover . . .
Duet - "What are the wild waves saying?" - Miss Chalker and Miss Tozer - S. Glover.
Finale - "God Save the Queen."

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Chalker (soprano vocalist); Josiah Wyke Daniel (tenor vocalist)

MUSIC: Music and her sister song (Stephen Glover); What are the wild waves saying (Stephen Glover)

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (30 July 1857), 4 

North Adelaide Choral Society . . . A CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC will take place at WHITE'S ASSEMBLY ROOM, on THURSDAY Evening, July 30 . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . Duet - "The Shower of Pearls" - Miss Tozer and Mr. Daniel - Glover . . .
Solo - "Eve's Lamentation" - Miss Tozer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: North Adelaide Choral Society

MUSIC: The shower of pearls (Stephen Glover); Eve's lamentation (M. P. King, from The intrecession)

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (31 July 1857), 2 

. . . Miss Petman and Mr. Daniels added laurels to their already acquired popularity, but the favourite of the evening was Miss Tozer, a young lady, who, with a clear, pure voice, and an unaffected style of singing, created quite an agreeable surprise . . .

"HERR LINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (27 August 1857), 3 

There was a first-rate house yesterday evening at White's Rooms, at the concert given by this talented gentleman . . . Some very sweet airs given in the course of the evening by Miss Tozer and Miss Petman.

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Linger (conductor); Mary Ann Pettman (vocalist)

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 August 1857), 1 

EAST TORRENS INSTITUT . . . GRAND VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCEBT, to be given THIS EVENING (Monday), at the Institute, Kensington.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . . Song - "There's music in the waters," Miss Tozer . . .
PART II . . . Duett - "What are the wild waves saying," Miss Tozer and Mr. Edwards.
Song- "Jenny Lind's good night," Miss Tozer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Solomon Nicholas Edwards (tenor vocalist)

MUSIC: Jenny Lind's good night (West)

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (5 September 1857), 3 

. . . the concert was opened by an overture played by Chapman's band. This was followed by a song sung by Mr. Edwards - "In that old arm-chair my father sat," and which was given with much effect. The next - and which might be said to be the gem of the evening - was a song by Miss Tozer, "There is music in the waters," which was encored . . .

"GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (18 November 1857), 2 

The inaugural address and concert of this Institute was given on Monday last in the newly erected building belonging to the Society, in Murray-street, Gawler . . . At the termination of the address the audience were treated with a vocal and instrumental concert, in which Miss Petman and the two Misses Tozer, assisted by Mr. Edwards, won the complete suffrage of their hearers, and the Brunswick Band reaped a harvest of applause. The attendance was more numerous than was expected, or the room would hold. Upwards of 250 persons were crowded together, and many others could not get admittance.

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Adelaide Observer (13 February 1858), 3 

This newly formed Society gave its first concert on Tuesday evening, in White's Assembly Room, before a large and respectable audience . . . Amongst the other pieces included in the first part of the programme, a sweet duet, named "When through life's wilderness," deserves special notice. The composition is new to us; but we were extremely pleased with the really artistic style in which it was sung by Miss Petman and Miss Tozer. In stating this we only endorse the opinion of the audience, by whom it was enthusiastically encored. In this piece Mr. Daniel accompanied the young lady vocalists on the piano . . .

MUSIC: When through life's wilderness (Henry Smart)

[2 advertisements], The South Australian Advertiser (20 September 1858), 1 

GRAND CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC Under the immediate patronage of the Lord Bishop of Adelaide.
Miss PETTMAN begs most respectfully to inform her friends and the public generally, that in consequence of the unfavourable weather on Wednesday evening, she has determined to repeat her GRAND CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC in White's Room, on the evening of Monday, September 20, when she will be assisted be nearly all the musical talent in Adelaide (the members of the various Societies who took part in the Wednesday, evening's performances having again very kindly offered their services.)
PROGRAMME. Part I. 1. Overture - Orchestra - Naumann.
2. Chorus - "Sing to the Lord" - Naumann . . .
5. Duetto (with orchestral accompaniments) - "When through life's wilderness," Miss Tozer and Miss Pettman.
6. Trio - "Hark, the sweet bells of the Sabbath are ringing," Misses Pettman and Tozer and Mr. Daniels - Smith.
7. "Te Deum Laudamus" - Mozart . . .
Part II. 8. Overture - Orchestra - Neukomm.
9. Trio - "When shall we three meet again," Misses Tozer and Pettman and Mr. Daniels - Horsley.
10. Song - "Charity," Miss Tozer - Elsaesen [sic, ?]
11. Chorus - "Praise the Lord" - Bergt . . .
14. Chorus - "Hallelujah," from the "Messiah" - Handel.
Conductor, Herr Linger. Leader, Mr. Chapman . . .

ASSOCAITIONS: William Chapman (violinist)

MUSIC: When shall we three meet again (William Horsley)

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (22 September 1858), 1 

will take place in White's Assembly Room, on Wednesday next, the 22nd September.
His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief will preside . . .
PROGRAMME. Concert. Part I . . . 2. Song, "A Lowly Youth" (Wallace) - Miss Tozer . . .
4. Duet, "When I am Far from Thee" (Glover) - Miss C. Tozer and Mr. Daniel.
Concert. Part II . . . 8. Duet, "The Soldier's Return" (Glover) - Miss C. Tozer and Mr. Daniel.
Conductor - Mr. R. B. White . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Baxter White (violinist, pianist)

MUSIC: A lowly youth (Wallace, from Matilda of Hungary); The soldier's return (Glover)

"ANNIVERSARY OF THE GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (18 October 1858), 3 

The concert in connection with the celebration of the above event was held on Friday evening in a large unoccupied store belonging to Mr. Martin . . . The audience, which numbered upwards of 400, assembled at half-past 7, and the performance commenced at 8 o'clock with an overture upon the piano by Mr. Phillips, of Adelaide . . . His Worship, in a brief address, congratulated his fellow-townsmen on the success of an Institution which was so well calculated to benefit their thriving township . . . The beautiful glee, "Through lanes and hedgerows," was then sung by the Misses Tozer, Mr. J. W. Daniel, Mr. Edwards, and an amateur performer, in very good style. This was followed by Glover's duet, "The wind and the harp," by Miss C. Tozer and Mr. Daniel . . .

MUSIC: The wind and the harp (Glover)

"SALISBURY LITERARY INSTITUTION", South Australian Register (29 October 1858), 3 

The first annual meeting of the members of this Institution was held in the Salisbury Assembly Room on Tuesday last, at 7. o'clock in the evening . . . they had made arrangements for a concert conducted by Mr. Daniel, assisted by the Misses Tozer and Mr. Edwards, whose performance was a source of great gratification to numbers who seldom have the opportunity of hearing music of a high class . . . "Home, sweet home," by the Harmonic Society, accompanied by Mr. Daniel on the piano. Glee, "What ho, through the forest." Miss C. Tozer and Mr. Daniel then favoured the company with the duet "The shower of pearls," one of the best musical gems of the evening, and had pearls themselves been lolling from the lady's lips she would not have been watched more intently. Being called upon to repeat it they substituted the lively "Soldier's Return." Mr. Edwards then gave "The Sea King" in his very best style, and was loudly applauded. As with this exception the music was the same as that which was so lately performed at the anniversary of the Gawler Institute, further mention of it is unnecessary, except that it was such as afforded universal gratification . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 July 1859), 1 

MISS TOZER has the honour to announce that she will give a Grand CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC on Thursday evening, the 14th July, under the immediate patronage of His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief. Principal Performers - Miss Tozer, Miss C. A. Tozer, Miss Polhill, Master Watson, Mr. R. B. White, Herr Ignaz Roitzsch (Pupil of the Leipzig Conservatorium), Mr. H. Christen. Conductor - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
Tickets - Reserved, 5s.; unreserved, 3s.; family tickets, reserved, to admit five, 20s.; unreserved, to admit five, 12s.- may be procured of Messrs. White, Aldridge, Platts, Hillier, Mullet, and Howell.
1. Glee, "Swift as a Flash" - "Guillaume Tell" - Rossini
2, Song, "Day Departs" - Mr. J. W. Daniel - "II Trovatore" - Verdi
3, Duet, "Gathering Flowers" - The Misses Tozer - Glover
4. Solo, piano, "Fantasie sur un Theme," original - Herr Ignaz Roitzsch, pupil of the Leipzig Conservatorium. - Moscheles
5. Quintett, "The Lark" - Mendelssohn
An interval of 10 minutes.
6. Duet, "This Heart with Joy O'erflowing" - "Maritana" - Miss C. A. Tozer and Mr. J. W. Daniel - Wallace
7. Solo, violin, Fantasie - "Nabucodonoso" - Mr. R. B. White, R.A. - Alard
8. Song, "Home" - Mr. H. Christen - Reissiger
9. Song, "Music on the Waters" - Miss C. A. Tozer - C. Peel.
10. Solo, piano, Fantasie - "Lucia di Lammermoor" - Mr. R.B. White, R.A - Prudent
11. Quintett, "All among the Barley" - Stirling

ASSOCIATIONS: Victoria Polhill (pianist, accompanist); Ignaz Roitzsch (solo pianist); Hugo Christen (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: The flower gatherers (Glover)

"MISS TOZER'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 July 1859), 3 

On Thursday last, Miss Tozer gave a grand concert at White's Rooms, under the immediate patronage of His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief. Coming on the evening between the Tradesmen's Ball and the Quarterly Soiree of the South Australian Institute, it might have been safely predicted that the attendance would not be large, and when the evening turned out to be showery a thin audience became a positive certainty. The room was not more than a third full - a circumstance calculated to throw a damp upon both singers and audience. We must, however, do the former the justice to say that they exerted themselves to the utmost to please, and rendered the several pieces with great spirit and effect. The first part of the concert, with the exception of a fantasia on the piano by Herr Ignaz Roizsch, very creditably performed, consisted of vocal music, of which the principal gems were "The Flower Gatherers," by the Misses Tozer; and a magnificent quintette by Mendelssohn, "The Lark." The former was executed in the true spirit of the piece. The latter, however, produced the better effect upon the audience, which was not to be wondered at when the composer's fame is remembered, and when it may be added that each part was well represented and well sustained by the several voices. The second portion of the concert was introduced by a brilliant duet," Oh Maritana," between Miss Tozer and Mr. Daniel, which deserved but did not receive an encore. Mr. White was in good bow in the violin solo which followed, eliciting frequent applause, and, being warmly encored at its close, Mr. White must have felt himself somewhat indebted for the success of his solo to the judicious and tasteful manner in which the pianoforte accompaniment to it was executed by Miss Polhill. Miss Tozer sang "There be none of beauty's daughters" with great sweetness and expression, and was warmly encored. The song told all the more coming immediately as it did after the fine manly tones of Mr. H. Christen in "Home, dear home." Indeed it was the song of the evening. The concert terminated with the National Anthem at about a quarter to 10 o'clock.

"ADELAIDE YOUNG MEN'S ASSOCIATION", South Australian Register (23 July 1859), 3 

On Thursday evening, the 21st inst., a conversazione, to celebrate the first anniversary of the above Association, was held in Pulteney-street Schoolroom . . . Mr. J. W. Daniel had very kindly given his services - (cheers) - and he, in conjunction with Miss Tozer, would favour them with a duet . . . Miss Tozer then exquisitely sung "Music of the Waters," which using encored, another musical gem was substituted . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (29 February 1860), 1 

Assisted by Miss Bryan, Miss Tozer, Miss Polhill, Mr. Christen, and Mr. Schrader.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 5. Bird Duet. - Miss Bryan and Miss Tozer - Braham . . .
PART II . . 2. There be none of Beauty's Daughters - Miss Tozer - Peel . . .

"MR. R. B. WHITE'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (3 March 1860), 2 supplement 

. . . Our talented and accomplished young townsman was assisted by Miss Bryan, Miss Tozer (sister of Mrs. Peryman), Miss Polhill, Mr. Christen, and Mr. Schrader, each of whom fully sustained their previous reputation . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jane Elizabeth Bryan (vocalist); Heinrich Schrader (instrumentalist)

MUSIC: The bird duet (Braham, from The cabinet)

"NORTH ADELAIDE WESLEYAN CHAPEL", The South Australian Advertiser (18 December 1860), 3 

On Monday evening, December 17, a tea meeting in connection with the above chapel was held in the schoolroom adjoining the chapel. Upwards of 300 persons sat down to tea, which, having been partaken of, they adjourned to the chapel, where a public meeting was held . . . The choir, under the direction of Mr. J. Rowe, during the evening performed the following pieces of sacred music: "Jehovah's awful throne," "Lift up your head, O Zion," "When the Lord shall build up Zion," also Handel's "Hallelujah Chorus," from the Messiah. A solo by Miss Tozer, "Eve's lamentation," was beautifully sung and deservedly applauded. The meeting separated at 10 o'clock.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Rowe (choirmaster)

"THE REV. DR. JOBSON", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (23 March 1861), 3 

. . . On Monday evening, a tea and public meeting was held in the Wesleyan Chapel, Archer-street, North Adelaide, to celebrate the arrival of the Rev. Dr. Jobson in South Australia, as a delegate of the Wesleyan Conference of Great Britain . . . During the evening some beautiful pieces were well executed by the very efficient choir under Mr. Carvosso, and assisted by Miss Tozer.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Carvosso (choirmaster)

"MOUNT PLEASANT", South Australian Register (16 October 1861), 2 

A correspondent writes as follows: -
Mrs. F. Peryman and Mr. J. W. Daniel gave the last of their series of concerts for the season at the Mount Pleasant School, on Saturday. October 12th. They were ably assisted on this occasion by Mrs. Lewis, Mrs. Daniel, Miss Tozer, Miss Walker, Mr. Ough, and Master G. Daniel . . . Glover's delightful duet, "Gathering flowers," splendidly sung by Mrs. Peryman and Miss Tozer, received an enthusiastic encore, which was responded to by the substitution of "Like sunbeams gaily dancing" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Jane Daniel (vocalist); George Frederick Daniel (boy vocalist); William Fox Ough (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: The flower gatherers (Stephen Glover)

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (7 March 1862), 2 

LANE - TOZER. - On the 6th March, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Archer-street, North Adelaide, by the Rev. J. B. Waterhouse, Mr. Edward Lane, of Gawler, to Miss Elizabeth Peryman Tozer, of North Adelaide.

"EASTER GATHERINGS . . . ENTERTAINMENT AT THE ODDFELLOWS' HALL, GAWLER", The Express and Telegraph (24 April 1867), 3 

. . . The Chairman . . . called upon the Gawler Band who performed an Overture. The "Song of Australia" was then given by Mrs. Lane and Mrs. Hosking, chorus by Messrs. Wells and Puttman; followed with a dialogue. A duet - "What are the Wild Waves saying," was next given by Mrs. Lane and Mr. Roediger. Mr. Cranz followed with a solo on the violin, "Last Rose of Summer." "There's a path by the River" was next given by Mr. Lane, Mrs. Wells presiding at the piano . . . A duet, "Flower Gatherers," by Mesdames Lane and Hosking, was next given . . . Mesdames Lane and Hosking gave a duet, "The Cousins," when there was a chorus by the company, "Let me kiss him for his mother." "Music on the waters" was next given by Mrs. Lane . . . The Hon. W. Duffield proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Martin for his services as Chairman. Mr. E. Lane replied for the Committee, who stated the pleasure he felt in seeing such a company present to aid such a good cause . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Carl Gustav Roediger (vocalist)

"ENTERTAINMENT IN THE ODDFELLOWS' HALL", Bunyip [Gawler, SA] (15 June 1867), 3 

. . . The next piece upon the programme was the duet "Come o'er the Moonlight See," [sic], by Mrs. Lane and Mr. Malcolm. Mrs. Lane's fine voice will ensure her a hearty welcome on a platform before a Gawler audience, and Mr. Malcolm sang his part with both Judgment and taste. Professionals sometimes give their listeners far less to admire than was presented in the rendering of this duet . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1867), 2 

TOZER. - On the 16th September, at 14, Albert House, Torquay, Devonshire, Mr. J. H. Tozer, in his 77th year; the beloved father of Mrs. Lane, Para Para, Gawler.

"COUNTRY CORRESPONDENCE . . . GAWLER, May 13", South Australian Register (14 May 1868), 3 

On Tuesday, the 12th, a complimentary entertainment in connection with the Gawler Institute was given in honour of Mr. R. Fotheringham at the Oddfellows' Hall, when a handsomely-bound copy of "The Song of Australia," appropriately inscribed, was presented to him in acknowledgment of his valuable services to the Institute since its formation . . . The duets, "I would that my love," by Mrs. Lane and Mr. C. G. Roediger, and "Puloski's Banner," by Mesdames Buchan and Godfrey, were the next pieces . . .

"PRESBYTERIAN YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETY", Gawler Times (13 August 1869), 3 

On Tuesday evening one of the most crowded gatherings we ever saw, filled the Oddfellows' Hall, on the occasion of the charitable entertainment given by the members of the above Society, for the benefit of Frederick Fox, an unfortunate man nearly blind, and who is well known in Gawler . . . Mrs. Lane next sang " The Chimes," her fine rich voice fining the hall, while she was accompanied by Miss Emily Duffield . . . after which Mrs. Lane sang "I'd be a Gipsy," Miss Emily Duffield playing the accompaniment. An encore being called for, Mrs. Lane sung "I wait for thee" . . .

"THE ODDFELLOWS' AND FORESTERS' FESTIVAL . . . THE EVENING ENTERTAINMENT . . .", Gawler Times (17 September 1869), 1 supplement 

. . . in the Oddfellow' Hall was one of the best attended we ever saw in Gawler . . . There was plenty of music provided . . . at this part of the performance there were three songs in succession, the second being "A lowly youth," sung by Mrs. Lane, who was accompanied, as also was Mr. Roediger, by Mrs. Cranz. Mrs. Lane's song was so well appreciated that she received an imperative encore, when she substituted "Music on the water," being accompanied by Mr. J. W. Daniel, who immediately followed with a most amusing comic song, "Too timid by half" . . . The next piece was a duet by Mr. J. W. Daniel and Mrs. Lane, "Jeannette and Jeanot," sung with great spirit, and, of course, encored . . . Mrs. Lane next sang, "I'll meet thee in the lane" . . .

"AMATEUR ENTERTAINMENT", Gawler Times (14 January 1870), 3 

On Tuesday evening the promised entertainment for the benefit of the Congregational Manse fund was given in the Oddfellows' Hall. The fearful heat of the weather prevented so large an audience from attending as might have been expected . . . Mrs. Lane and Mrs. Fowler sang a duet, "Voices of the night." We think we never heard Mrs. Lane to greater advantage, and her sister sang worthily with her . . .

"GAWLER FRIENDLY SOCIETIES' ANNUAL FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (15 September 1870), 5 

. . . Mrs. Lane, whose voice and musical taste have often delighted Gawler, as well as other audiences, by her rendering of the arch songs "I'd be a Gipsy" and "As if you didn't know" gained imperative encores . . . Mr. Lane, Chairman of Committee, thanked all who had assisted, mentioned that the object of these associations was affording relief in sickness and making provision for widows and orphans . . .

"THE FOUTH CARANDINI CONCERT", Bunyip [Gawler, SA] (14 September 1872), 2 

Notwithstanding the many attractive evening entertainments that have lately been furnished to Gawler in rapid succession there was a good attendance on Monday evening at the Institute, which was interested in the proceeds of the entertainment to the extent of a moiety. It was announced in the programme that a lady amateur was to take a part in the performance, and that Mr. Heuzenroeder was also to assist as pianist . . . The lady amateur (Mrs. E. Lane) was welcomed on her appearance with the warmest cordiality. The piece selected was "Jenny Lind's Good Night," which was very pleasingly and tastefully executed and followed by an hearty encore, when Mrs. Lane gave to the great delight of the audience, "Music on the Waters" . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (14 January 1899), 4 

LANE. - On the 12th January, at Gawler, Elizabeth Peryman, relict of the late Edward Lane, aged 67 years.

"THE LATE MRS. E. LANE", The Advertiser (16 January 1899), 6 

On Wednesday morning January 11, another old resident of Gawler, Mrs. Edward Lane, passed away. The deceased lady came to the colony in the ship Hooghly in 1856, and lived in Adelaide for some time. Subsequently she went to Gawler, where she had resided for about 40 years. She was a talented singer in her younger days, and often sang in public for charitable purposes. The deceased lady was of a kindly and sympathetic disposition, and for many years had been a member of the Gawler Congregational Church. Her death came as a shock to her many friends, for although she had been ailing for some time it was not expected that she would be called away so suddenly. There are living two daughters (Mrs. A. G. Wells and Miss S. Lane), and two sons (Mr. Fred. Lane, of Queensland and Mr. Harry Lane, of Mount Gambier), also two stepsons (Messrs. George and Edward Lane). The remains were interred in the Willaston Cemetery on Friday afternoon, the Rev. Walter Jones officiating at the grave.

"DEATHS", The Register (24 February 1914), 6 

FOWLER. - On the 23rd February, at Archer-street, North Adelaide, Joanna Mabin, the beloved wife of Frederick Fowler, aged 72 years.

Bibliography and resources:

"TIVOLI REMINISCENCES", Observer (15 January 1916), 33 

. . . The old South Australian Institute, whose library was then in Neales's Buildings, King William street, held its quarterly soiree in White's Rooms, and the services of the best artists were always obtained. Miss Tozer, afterwards Mrs. Perryman, Miss Chalker, Miss Rowe, and Miss Bryan (afterwards Mrs. Monk) were among those who appeared. All the musical talent visit ing Australia who found their way to Adelaide perforated in the old rooms . . .

TRACY, Charles Austin (Charles Augustine TRACY; Charles Austin TRACY; C. A. TRACY; TRACEY; TREACEY)

Professor of music, organist, composer

Born Tullamore, Kings Co., Ireland, 5 October 1837 (on gravestone); son of Patrick
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Married Mary SHANAHAN, St. Patrick's cathedral, Melbourne, VIC, 12 November 1867
Died Waverley, NSW, 27 September 1896, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TRACY, Mary Teresa (Mary Teresa SHANAHAN; Mrs. Charles Austin TRACY)

Contralto vocalist

Born Cork, Ireland, c. 1846/49; daughter of James SHANAHAN c. 1812-1881) and Mary CALLAGHAN (c. 1819-1877)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 3 June 1857 (per Negotiator, from Liverpool, age "11")
Married Charles Austin TRACY, St. Patrick's cathedral, Melbourne, VIC, 12 November 1867
Died Waverley, NSW, 12 August 1928 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Passengers per Negotiator, landed Melbourne, June 1857; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL)

Shanahan Mary / Cork / RC / 35 / With Husband, sent to Emerald Hill // Mary / 11 / John / 7 // Margaret / 3

Database index to teacher record books; Public Record Office Victoria

Tracy, Charles Augustin, 1863

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 November 1865), 8 

On FRIDAY, 1st DECEMBER, To commence at Eight o'clock precisely.
Vocalists. - Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. Richardson (his first appearance since his arrival from Europe), assisted by lady and gentlemen amateurs, choruses from the St. Cecilia's Harmonic Society.
Conductor, Mr. C. A. Tracy. Mr. Denning, M.C. . . . AUSTIN J. TEMPLETON, Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Henry Williams (tenor vocalist); Albert Richardson (vocalist); in final advertisement, Richardson replaced by Edwin Amery

[Advertisement], The Herald (18 July 1866), 2 

GRAND CONCERT, In aid of the Cathedral Organ Fund, by the united choirs of St. Francis, St. Patrick, and St. Peter and Paul, assisted by Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss Ida Howson, and Mrs. H. M. Cunynghame.
Leader of the band, Mr. H. Thomas; pianoforte, Mr. Tracey, organist of St. Patrick's; harmonium, Mr. O'Gorman, organist Sts. Peter and Paul; conductor, Professor Hughes, organist St Francis' Cathedral . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Marie Ellis (soprano vocalist); Ida Howson (vocalist): Herbert Thomas (violinist); Henry Hughes (conductor); Michael O'Gorman (organist)

"CITY COURT", The Argus (5 October 1866), 7

Patrick O'Brien was charged by Charles Treacey, who said that he was a professor of music, with violently assaulting him. Both parties were connected with the choir of St. Patrick's Church, and it was from a dispute arising out of matters relative to the choir that the quarrel and assault had taken place. Defendant admitted the charge, and expressed his regret for what had occurred. He was fined 20s., and required to enter into his own recognisance in £20 to keep the peace for three months.

ASSOCIATIONS: Patrick O'Brien (choir singer)

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (30 November 1867), 4

TRACY - SHANAHAN. - On the 12th inst., at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, by the Rev. Henry England, Charles Austin Tracy, Esq., professor of music, to Mary Teresa, youngest daughter of Mr. James Shanahan, Fitzroy.

[news], The Argus (11 May 1869), 5 

The choir of St. Patrick's Cathedral gave a musical entertainment in the Foresters'-hall, Collingwood, last evening, under the leadership of Mr. C. A. Tracy. The selections were well received by a somewhat scanty audience. Miss Harrison, a youthful vocalist of the miniature ago of eleven, who has a soprano voice of surprising power for her years, sang several solos in a manner which gives promise of much future excellence in the musical art.

"PROFESSOR TRACY . . .", Advocate (26 June 1869), 10 

. . . organist at St. Patrick's Cathedral, has considerably improved his already high reputation as a musician and a conductor by a series of concerts he has given at Williamstown. The latest of these was given on Monday evening, in the Mechanics' Institute, the programme comprising a varied selection from the works of Mendelssohn, Bishop, Cherry, Wallace, Panofka, Shield, Claribel, and other eminent composers, together with a new sacred cantata, "Litania Beatae Mariae Virginis," composed by Mr. C. A. Tracy. This rather an elaborate composition, and is therefore very different from the chant in which the litany is sung. A very successful attempt has been made to give a proper expression to each invocation or prayer, and the general treatment of the subject bears evidence of the composer's ability. The principal vocalists were Miss Rochford, Miss Harrison, Mrs. Sanderson, Messrs. Buchan, Bunting, Spensley, Walworth, and other ladies and gentlemen of acknowledged talent. "Aileen Mavourneen" was sung with much expression and sweetness by Miss Rochford. Miss Harrison, a young lady of twelve years of age, and a pupil of the Professor, sang "Alas, those chimes," with excellent effect. We are glad to hear that Mr. Tracy is likely to repeat the concert in Melbourne.

{News], The Argus (29 March 1880), 5 

At St. Patrick's Cathedral yesterday, a cantata "Laudate Dominum de caelis" arranged for solo, duet and chorus, and written expressly for the Easter Sunday services was performed by the choir. The composer was Mr. C. A. Tracy the cathedral organist. Haydn's Imperial Mass was performed, the leading soprano being Madame Fanny Simonsen, contralto, Mrs. Tracy, tenor Mr. Walshe, bass Mr. Rainford. An efficient chorus of about 50 voices assisted.

ASSOCIATIONS: Fanny Simonsen (soprano vocalist); William Walshe (tenor vocalist); Thomas H. Rainford (bass vocalist)

"Organ Recital and Sacred Concert at St. John's Cathedral", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser [NSW] (24 September 1889), 6 

Lovers of high class music were treated to a rich repast in St. John's Cathedral on Friday evening at the recital and sacred concert arranged by Mr. C. A. Tracy, organist of the Cathedral who was assisted by the choir of the church, Mr. G. F. King (organist of St. Mary's, West Maitland), and several ladies and gentlemen from Sydney . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Frederick King (organist)

"Mary's Mount", Goulburn Herald (23 November 1892), 3 

ON Monday last the festival of the day, the presentation of the B.V.M., was celebrated by the Passionist fathers at Mary's Mount. High Mass was sung by the superior, the Very Rev. Father Alphonsus, the Bishop presiding . . . Mr. Austin Tracy, the cathedral organist, directed the music, assisted by Mr. Gaskell, Mr. Thomas, and other members of the cathedral choir . . .

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. C. A. TRACY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1896), 5

The remains of the late Charles Austin Tracy (professor of music) were interred in the Waverley Cemetery yesterday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering . . . The deceased had been in the colonies about 30 years, and since his arrival had been organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, for 16 years, and had also officiated as organist of the Maitland Cathedral for two years, and at the Goulburn Cathedral for two years. He had devoted most of his time to sacred music, and had composed several masses and church services, which have been sung in the various churches throughout Australia. The deceased leaves a widow and grown-up family, some of whom are filling the positions of organists in the suburban Churches.

"DEATH OF A CATHOLIC MUSICIAN", Freeman's Journal [Sydney, NSW] (3 October 1896), 14 

A fine old gentleman, and an able musician, has passed away in the person of Mr. Charles Austin Tracy. Mr. Tracy died at his late residence, Waverley, on Sunday. He had suffered much . . . Mr. Tracy was born in Ireland, and he had reached his 58th year. He came of a musical family, and inherited high musical gifts. His father was a Doctor of Music, and his grandfather was also a musical professor. Mr. Tracy in turn reared a musical family in Australia. Two of his daughters are very accomplished musicians. One daughter, Mrs. George Brewer, is organist at the Sacred Heart Church, Randwick, and the other, Miss Maty Tracy, is organist at the church of St. Charles, Waverley. Mr. Tracy arrived in the colonies about 30 years ago, first settling in Victoria. He held the position of organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, for 16 years, and was in the front rank of musicians in the southern capital. He came to New South Wales some nine years ago, and two positions he filled here were those of organist of the Catholic cathedral, West Maitland, for a period of three years, and organist of Goulburn Catholic cathedral for two years. He was the composer of several Benedictions and other church music. Mr. Tracy's last notable performance as an organist was at St. Mary's Cathedral during the Plenary Council of 1895 . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 October 1896), 1

TRACY. - On the 27th September, at his residence, Carmina, Cowper-street, Waverley, Sydney, Charles Austin Tracy, aged 58 years.

"DEATHS", The Sun (13 August 1928), 5 

TRACY. - On August 12, 1928. at her residence, 123 Carrington-road, Waverley, Mary Theresa, relict of the late Charles Austin Tracy. Aged 83 years. R.I.P. By request no flowers.

"MRS. MARY T. TRACY", Freeman's Journal (30 August 1928), 45 

A lady remarkable for a charming personality and fine intellect, which she retained to the last, passed away on Sunday, 12th inst., in the person of the late Mrs. Mary Theresa Tracy, widow of Charles Austin Tracy, organist and choirmaster, of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, for sixteen years. Mrs. Tracy was contralto soloist during that period and with her husband came to Sydney in 1887. The late Very Rev. Father Kennedy, O.F.M., appointed Mr. Tracy organist at Waverley, and three successive members of the family have retained the position, down to the present one (Miss Annie Tracy). Her family, reared in the surroundings of music, especially church music, have filled positions of organists and choirmasters for many years in Sydney churches. On one Christmas morning three daughters were officiating as organists, whilst three sons were wielding batons. Another daughter was the 'cellist in the Mass, and Mrs. Tracy herself was singing contralto - a unique record, where every member of the family (8) was actively engaged in a church musical production . . . The funeral left the Mary Immaculate Church for Waverley Cemetery after a Requiem Mass, and was attended by a large number of mourning friends. Mrs. Hooper played the "Dead March in Saul" and other appropriate music on the organ.

"Mr. P. Tracy", Catholic Weekly [Sydney, NSW] (3 October 1946), 14 

The death occurred recently of Mr. Paul Tracy, son of the late Charles Austin Tracy, who was organist at St. Patrick's cathedral, Melbourne, for sixteen years, and afterwards at Maitland and Goulburn Cathedrals. Mr. Tracy left a family of musicians. His three daughters, Mrs. Byrne (Neutral Bay), Mrs. G. Brewer (Double Bay), and Miss Anne Tracy are organists. and his three sons, Joseph (deceased), Frank (deceased), and the late Paul Tracy, were conductors of choirs in Sydney and suburbs . . .

Musical works:

Laudate dominum de coelis, Ps. CXLVIII (sacred chorus diversified with solos and adapted with Latin and English words, composed for the opening of organ at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, March 1880 by Charles A. Tracy; First performed at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, on Easter Sunday, March 28, 1880. On which occasion the principal soprano part was sung by Madame Fanny Simonsen (Melbourne: Fergusson & Mitchell, [1880])


Violinist, conductor, musical director

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 28 July 1880 (per Elizabeth, from Mauritius, 16 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1883 (per Sydney, for Marseilles) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



"Shipping News. ARRIVED", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (31 July 1880), 2

WEDNESDAY. JULY 28 . . . ELIZABETH, barque, 263 tons, H. Smith, from Mauritius June 16. John Bickers, agent. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Tramaglia and Mr. Varalla, in the cabin.

"SPECIAL EXHIBITION SUPPLEMENTS", The Argus (1 October 1880), 5

Signor Ortori's concert at the Athenaeum on Wednesday night was not very well attended, but a very good musical entertainment was provided for those who were present. Some few alterations were made in the programme submitted, but they did not affect the result. The concert began with the allegro movement of Schumann's quartett in E flat, played by Messrs. Ortori, Tramaglia, Bomon, and Otto Linden. The Andante and Finale movements of the same work were given at the commencement of the second part of the programme by the same players, who were deservedly well applauded . . .

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (13 December 1880), 6

. . . Amongst the musical performances which followed we note specially the octett of Mendelssohn, op. 20, for four violins, two violas, and two violoncellos, played by Messrs. Weston, Fleischer, Ryder, P. Montague, Tramaglia, Wiedemann, Hart, and Chapman. The work was given in its entirety, the executants throughout playing con amore. Mr. Otto Linden was the conductor . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: George Weston (violin); George Ryder (violin); Philip Montague (violin); Traugott Wiedemann (viola); Samuel Chapman (cello); Otto Linden (conductor)

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 June 1881), 5

The Adelaide String Quartet Club will hold the second of their popular matinees this afternoon at the Academy of Music, when no doubt another large and fashionable audience will be present. In addition to most of the performers who took part in the first concert, Mr. Stanton, the well-known pianist, will officiate on the present occasion, and the programme comprises some very choice classical selections. The principal feature is an octuor for four violins, two violas, and two violoncellos, op. 20 (Mendelssohn), by Messrs. Hall, Tramagalia, Stanton, Barton, Hales, Schrader, Bomon, and Winterbottom. Messrs. Bomon and Tramaglia, of the Theatre Royal orchestra, have been specially engaged for the occasion to strengthen the company.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Hall (violin); Hermann Schrader (violin); Frank Winterbottom (cello)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1881), 2

[Advertisement], Evening Post [NZ] (18 December 1882), 3 

Musical Director and Conductor, Signor Vincenzo Tramaglia . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 March 1883), 8

[News], Bruce Herald [NZ] (13 April 1883), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 May 1883), 4

Sydney, s.s., 2,074 tons, A. Pelligrin, for Marseilles via Adelaide. Passengers - saloon . . . For Marseilles . . . Mr. and Mrs. Tramaglia . . .

"LATE SIGNOR PAGNOTTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1924), 10 

. . . In 1883 Pagnotti was principal flute In the Italian Opera Company conducted by Signor Paolo Giorza, of which the flautist's friend, Signor Tramaglia, of Naples, was leader . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfonso Pagnotti (flautist); Paolo Giorza (conductor)

TRANTER, William Joseph (William Joseph TRANTER; W. TRANTER; W. J. S. TRANTER)

Violinist, band-leader, composer, contrabass / double bass player

Born London, England, 7 May 1827; baptised St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, 7 October 1827, son of William and Matilda TRANTER
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 June 1852 (per Mariner, from London, 6 March; "W. Joseph Tranter, 25" [PROV])
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852; Sydney, NSW, by 1856; ? Ballarat, 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch . . . in the year 1827; London Metropolitan Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 1296 / [1827 Oct.] 7 / William Joseph son of / William & Matilda / Tranter / Featherstone Street / Musician / [born] 7 May 1827

England census, 1841, City Road, St. Luke, Middlesex; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 666 / 6 (PAYWALL)

Bath Street / William Tranter / 50 / Musician / [born] F [Foreign parts]
William Tranter / 14 / [Musician] / [born Middlesex]
Matilda [Tranter] / 50 / School Mistress / [born Middlesex]
Matilda [Tranter] / 20 / - / [born Middlesex]
Ann [Tranter] / 18 / - / [born Middlesex]

[Advertisement], Morning Post [London, England] (14 October 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Morning Post [London, England] (14 October 1850), 1

GRAND SALON de DANSE, Royal Adelaide Gallery, Strand, OPEN FOR THE SEASON.
Lessee, Mr. Thomas Bartlett Simpson, Albion Tavern, Great Russell-street, Covent-garden.
Mr. Simpson, anxious to have the best BAND in LONDON, has retained the valuable talent of the leading Artistes engaged during the past Season at Cremorne Gardens, including the following eminent performers from her Majesty's Theatre, the Royal Italian Opera, and the Philharmonic Concerts: -
First violins - Hayward, Cohen, Buels, H. T. Seabrook, Van Heddeghem. Second violins - Pelerin, T. Jackson, Edwards, C. Griesbach.
Tenors - Sapinski, J. Jackson. Violoncellos - Quinton, W. F. Reed. Contra Basses - G. Taylor, W. Tranter, Guy, Stubgen.
Flauto - J. Aynor. Piccolo - Meyer. Flageolet - J. Tyler. oboe - J. Schott . . . CONDUCTED BY BORINI . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Schott (oboe); see Warwick Wroth, Cremorne and the later London gardens (London: Elliot Stock, 1907), 5-7 

In 1846 (or more probably a few years later) Cremorne was purchased by Thomas Bartlett Simpson . . . There was a good band of fifty, for some years under Laurent, of the Adelaide Gallery Casino in the Strand [NOTE 7: In 1850 under Borini; in 1851 under Isaacson, of the Grecian Theatre] . . .

Australia (from July 1852):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (30 June 1852), 4 

June 29 - Mariner, ship, 683 tons, Robert Harland, commander, from London March 6th. F. Bevan, Esq., surgeon-superintendent, in the cabin and two hundred and fifty-nine of Mrs. Chisholm's emigrants. James Henty, agent.

ASSOCIATIONS: Caroline Chisholm (philanthropist)

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 August 1852), 5

MR. MEGSON has the honor to announce . . . THE FOURTH CONCERT will take place THIS EVENING, 21st AUGUST.
PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS: Madame Francesca Allan, Mr. Young. Mr. Cooze, Mrs. [sic] J. P. Hydes, Mr. Charles Walsh, Mr. Wheeler.
Violins - Mr. Megson, Mr. Seymour; Viola - Mr. Jenkins; Violoncello - Mr. Portbury;
Flautist - Mr. Cooze; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. Wheeler;
Contra Bassi - Mr. Tranter, Herr Ziegler;
Clarionett - Hobson.
Leader and Conductor, Mr. Megson. Pianiste, Mrs. Wheeler.
PROGRAMME: Part I. Overture - Don Pasquale, Full Band - Donizetti . . .
Polka - The Brides (first time in Australia) Full Band - D'Albert . . .
PART II. Overture - Sadak and Kalasrade, Full Band - Packer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Megson (leader, violinist); Benjamin Portbury (cellist); Charles Ziegler (contra bassist); William Joseph Cooze (flautist); Stephen Wheeler (cornet player)

MUSIC: Overture to Sadak and Kalasrade (by Charles Sandys Packer)

"WEEKLY CONCERT", The Argus (2 September 1852), 5 

The following is the programme for this evening's concert: -
PART I. Overture - Romeo and Juliet . . .
Solo - Contra Basso, first time in the Colonies, Mr. Tranter . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1852), 5 

QUEEN'S THEATRE. Saturday Evening Concerts . . .
Contra Bass- - Mr. Tranter, Herr Ziegler . . . Leader and Conductor: - Mr. Megson . . .
Mr. Tranter will perform this evening a Grand Solo on the Double Bass.
Programme: Part I. 1. Overture - Bohemian Girl, Band - Balfe . . .
Part II. 1. Overture - Semiramide, Band - Rossini . . .
3. Grand Solo - La Somnambula, first time, Mr. Tranter - Bellini . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 December 1852), 8 

The Band, under the able leadership of Mr. Tranter, will be increased . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1853), 8 

Open TO-MORROW EVENING, (Thursday), 13th INST., Mr. Denning, Proprietor . . .
The Orchestra conducted by Mr. Tranter, from Jullien's band.

ASSOCIATIONS: Cornelius Peter Denning (dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1853), 8

Grand Promenade Concert, Saturday Evening, 12th November, 1853.
Under the direction of Mr. Alfred Oakey . . .
INSTRUMENTAL ARTISTS: Grand Pianoforte - Mr. Alfred Oakey.
Violin Primo - M. Tucker and Mr. Peck; Violin Secondo - Mr. Howson and Mr. Mathers.
Viola - Mr. Boullimeir; Violoncello . - Mr. J. Chapman [sic].
Contra Bass - Mr. Tranter and Mr. Chate.
Flute - Mr. Hill and Mr. Thatcher . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph Andrew Rowe (proprietor); Alfred Oakey (conductor); Edward Tucker (violin); George Peck (violin); Henry Howson (violin); Samuel Chapman (cello); Alfred Chate (contra bass); Arthur Silvester Hill (flute); Charles Thatcher (flute)

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 September 1854), 8 

CRITERION HALL.- Laurent's. - Open every evening.
Dancing to commence at eight. Mr. Winterbottom's unrivalled Band will perform the latest compositions of D'Albert, Jullien, &c.
Leader, M. Tranter: Cornet-a-piston, M. Burke; Conductor, M. Winterbottom . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (conductor); Peter Constantine Burke (cornet)

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 September 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS . . . This Night Only. The Benefit of MISS NELSON and MISS CARRY NELSON . . .
On which occasion the Nelson Family will be assisted by M. Winterbottom and a Full Band . . . Leader - Mr. Tranter.
Mr. S. Nelson will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Sidney Nelson and family

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1854), 8

TO-NIGHT! Melbourne Casino to-night.
The great night of the season. For the Benefit of the Band . . .
First violins - W. and S. Radford; Second violins - Chate, Edwards, and Griffiths;
Tenor - J. Baker; Double basses - W. Tranter and Herr Plock . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Radford brothers (violinists); Joseph Griffiths (violin); Adam Plock (double bass)

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1854), 8 

LAURENT'S Grand Casino, Criterion Hotel, Collins-street - This popular place of amusement is now open every evening, with Winterbottom's celebrated Band. Dancing to commence at half-past eight, terminate at half-past eleven. All D'Albert's new performed every evening . . . Leader of the orchestra Mr. Tranter, from Jullien's band.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1855), 4

The production of Donizetti's fine opera of Lucia di Lammermoor adds another great musical work to the list of those which have appeared in the bills of the Royal Victoria Theatre . . . The orchestra, under the conduct of Mr. Winterbottom, and the leadership of Mr. Tranter, have most satisfactorily performed an arduous duty . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1855), 5

Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General, Lady Denison, and family, honored this Theatre with their presence on the occasion of Miss Catherine Hayes' third appearance in English opera, as Arline, in M. W. Balfe's Bohemian Girl. The house, as on the two previous evenings when this opera was produced, was crowded by thousands of delighted auditors. The band of Her Majesty's XIth Regiment assisted on the occasion, and the national airs of England and France were performed amidst enthusiastic applause. The opera throughout was admirably sustained . . . In Mr. Balfe's piquant instrumentation, the orchestra, under M. Lavenu's direction, did ample justice. The obligato accompaniments of M. Couat, violin; M. Tranter, double bass; and M. Francesco Volpi, clarionet, demand especial attention.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lewis Henry Lavenu (conductor); Mons. Couat (violin); Francesco Volpi (clarinet); Band of the 11th Regiment

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1

OUR LYCEUM THEATRE, Under the Management of Messrs. STEPHENS and CRAVEN,
WILL OPEN MONDAY NEXT, JULY 14TH, 1856 . . . THE BAND, under the able management of Mr. WINTERBOTTOM, will be found the most efficient in the colonies, and will include the following gentlemen.-
M. Chas. Eigenschenck, leader, Messrs. W. Tranter, Beans, Wilkinson, Strong, Seymour, Volpi, Sharpe, Richardson, &c., &c. . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: William Henry Stephens and Henry Thornton Craven (actors, managers); Charles Eigenschenck (violinist); George Strong (violinist)

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THE OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1857), 4 

At this popular establishment the opera continues the chief attraction . . . The regular drama for the nonce appears to be almost ignored . . . The choral department has been chosen from all the available musical talent of the colonies, and the orchestra, numbering among its members Messrs. Winterbottom, Usher, Eigenschenck, Kohler, Wheeler, Tranter, &c., is under the direction of Mr. G. Loder, a name familiar to every connoisseur, by its association with so many lyric triumphs on the European stage.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Loder (conductor; however, the writer is referring, wittingly or unwittingly, to his brother Edward Loder's European reputation); Alfred Usher (violinist); Richard Wildblood Kohler (cornet player)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1857), 2

NEW MUSIC. - In a few days, the Veno Galop, by Tranter, with a graphic illustration of the Champion Race. J. R. CLARK, 205, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1857), 1 

NOW READY - The Cornstalk Polka by George Thornton, Esq., appropriately illustrated - 2s. 6d, post free, 2s. 8d.
The Veno Galop. Illustrated by Mr. Gill, on WEDNESDAY. CLARKE 205, George-street.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

. . . Mr. Clarke has also published a Galop by Mr. W. Tranter, and called the Veno Galop, dedicated to Mr. G. T. Rowe, the late owner of the horse from which it takes its name. This is an excellent composition, and is also accompanied by an illustrated wrapper on which is a lithograph of Veno and Alice Hawthorne running for the championship. Above this is an amusing outline picture of "the rush" to see the horse come in. The illustrations to this piece of music are the work of Mr. T. S. Gill [sic] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jacob Richard Clarke (music publisher); George Taylor Rowe (1822-1859; horse owner, died of asthma, aged 36); Samuel Thomas Gill (illustrator)

"NEW DANCE MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1857), 4 

We have to acknowledge receipt of two newly published sheets of music from Mr. J. R. Clarke, of George-street, viz., "The Cornstalk Polka," composed by the Right Worshipful the Mayor of Sydney; and "The Veno Galop," by Mr. W. Tranter . . . The Veno Galop is a pleasing, lively air, and will no doubt become popular. The music is nicely printed, and each sheet has an appropriate vignette bearing the well-known initials S. T. G.

"BANQUET AT CLARKE'S ROOMS", Empire (17 March 1858), 4

The annual banquet in honour of the Patron Saint of Ireland, was held last evening at Mr. Clark's Rooms, Elizabeth-street . . . The room in which the banquet was held is large and. lofty, and admirably calculated to make a first-rate dining-room for a large number of persons. At each end is stationed a gallery, the one for the musicians, the other for visitors, &c. About 220 gentlemen sat down to dinner . . . An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Tranter, assisted by Mr. Wheeler, attended, and throughout the dinner played several Irish airs excellently, and they acquitted themselves no less successfully in performing the airs following each toast.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1858), 4 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE, SYDNEY. Sydney, December 7, 1858.
To Mr. Charles POOLE Esq. - Dear Sir, - We, the undersigned, being sensible to the benefit you have rendered to the profession . . . by raising to a high standard the character of the theatre of which you are now Manager, beg to tended you our services on the occasion of the complimentary benefit to be given to you . . . on Tuesday next . . .
[signed] . . . ORCHESTRA - John Winterbottom, conductor; R. Vaughan, Charles Frederichs, F. S. Wilkinson, W. Dalton, S. Davis, L. Hall, W. J. S. Tranter, Charles Eigenschenk.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Poole (manager); Robert Vaughan (flautist); probably, correctly, Christian Fredericks, Isaac Davis, and John Thomson Hall

A list of the crew and passengers arrived in the ship Salsette, of London, from the port of Suez to Sydney, NSW, 11 July 1859; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

. . . William Tranter / Band master / 31
Thos. Crowe / Bandsman / 26
John Smith / [Bandsman] / 21
William Chapman / Bandsman / 35
John Morris / Bandsman / 20

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas Crowe (musician)

? "CARNGHAM", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (26 April 1861), supplement 1 

. . . The inimitable Mr. Barlow is going to give one of his versatile, vocal and instrumental entertainments at Mr. Ogle's United States Hotel, on Friday evening, the whole of the receipts to be given in aid of the widows Jones and Elstob, whose husbands were two of the unfortunate sufferers by the late accident at the Britannia Quartz Claim; also, a ball and supper in aid of the widows is to take place at the Snake Valley Hotel. The following musicians have volunteered their services, viz., Messrs. Lilley, Parker, and Tranter . . .

"MR. H. R. HARWOOD", The Argus [Melbourne, VIC] (28 January 1869), 5 

. . . Mr. Harwood arrived in Melbourne in June, 1852, and was for two or three years engaged in the building trade, to which he was in early life apprenticed. Becoming dissatisfied with his position, he took ship for Sydney, and no favourable opportunity offering for establishing himself in trade there, his dramatic instincts directed his attention to the stage, for which he always had a passion, and meeting with a shipmate in the person of Mr. Tranter, the leader of the band at the Victoria Theatre, he was introduced by the latter to Mr. Crosby, the acting-manager, and soon after had the honour of appearing before an Australian audience during Mr. G. V. Brooke's first Sydney engagement, in 1855, in the character of Flavius Corunna, in Howard Payne's play of "Brutus" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Richard Harwood (actor)

Musical works:

The Veno galop, by W. Tranter, dedicated to G.T. Rowe, Esq. by the publisher (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) (DIGITISED)

On Veno, see "FIRST RACE: MATCH FOR THE CHAMPIONSHIP. VICTORIA V. NEW SOUTH WALES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1857), 1 


Town crier, bellman, bellringer, bell-man, bell-ringer, convict

Born Hackney, London, England, 1774; baptised St. John's church, Hackney, 11 December 1774; son of Benjamin TRAPP
Sentenced Old Bailey, London, England, 27 October 1819, 7 years (aged "44"; "46")
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 3 November 1820 (per Guildford, from Portsmouth, 14 May, via Sydney, NSW, 30 September)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 29 May 1842, aged "71" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"BOW-STREET. POST-OFFICE ROBBERY", Morning Advertiser [London, England] (3 September 1819), 3 (PAYWALL)

Yesterday John Trapp, a twopenny-post letter-carrier, in the Limehouse district, was brought up in the custody of Vickery, the officer, on the charge of stealing a letter, containing 90l. in Bank notes. The following facts were proved in evidence: -
A little more than two months ago a letter, sent from Halifax, in Yorkshire, and addressed to Mr. Fuller, No. 1, Ashton-street, Poplar, was stolen from the Post-office, in the course its passage, and Ashton-street being in the rout of the prisoner, a suspicion arose that he had stolen it. Inquiries were consequently set on foot, and it was ascertained, that, about the time the robbery was committed the prisoner employed a woman named Griffiths, residing in Whitechapel, who was his laundress, to change a 5l. note at a liquor shop for the purchase of a bottle of gin, which he said he wanted to give to a sick woman. Subsequently also he employed the husband of that woman on two separate occasions to change a 5l. and a 10l. at a grocer's in Newgate-street, in purchase of tea and sugar, and paid him for his trouble. This man was in company with the prisoner one day about the same time, at a liquor shop at Limehouse, and in the course of conversation, the latter said he had lately received the third-part of a legacy of 500l. by way accounting for his having so much money. This story of the legacy proved on enquiry to be a fabrication. The prisoner being asked if he had any thing to say, clasped his hands together, and in a tremulous voice exclaimed,
"The all-seeing eye of God is upon me, and I will not, let the consequence what it may, disguise the truth - therefore I ---" -
Mr. Birnie here stopped the prisoner, and said, that in common humanity he would advise him to say no more, as he had no legal adviser present. He bowed in apparent thankfulness, and was remanded to give time to procure further evidence.

"POLICE INTELLIGENCE. BOW STREET", The sun [London, England] (3 September 1819), 4 (PAYWALL)

John Trapp, a twopenny-post letter-carrier underwent an examination before R. BIRNIE, Esq., charged on suspicion of secreting various letters containing Bank-notes. The prisoner was committed for further examination, to give time for persons in the country who had sent the different letters missing to arrive in town.

John Trapp, theft (2), 27 October 1819, Old Bailey online (DIGITISED)

1428. JOHN TRAPP was indicted for stealing one 50l. and one 40l.
Bank notes, the property of Fenton Thomas Lambert. To which indictment the prisoner pleaded GUILTY. Aged 44.
Transported for Seven Years. (DIGITISED)

1429. JOHN TRAPP was again indicted . . . NOT GUILTY.

"OLD BAILEY", Sun (30 October 1819), 3 (PAYWALL)

This morning the Court was extremely crowded, principally by the numerous witnesses to give evidence on the charges against persons for Post-Office Robberies. On the Judges taking their seats, John Trapp, a person of mean appearance, was put to the bar, charged With, "for that he being a person employed in the General TWopenny Post-Office, did secrete and steal a letter, containing a forty and a fifty pound Bank of England note, sent by a person named Fenton from Halifax, to Mr. Thomas Fuller at Poplar." To this indictment the prisoner pleaded Not Guilty. Mr. BARRY shortly after, on the prisoner's behalf, applied to the Court for permission for the prisoner to retract his plea of Not Guilty, and to he allowed to plead Guilty to the minor offence of stealing a letter only, that letter not containing money - which in law is only a larceny. - Mr. GURNEY said, that under certain circumstances the application would be granted, but it was not to be supposed that it would be in any other. The prisoner was then put on his trial for the capital offence, and no evidence being offered, was acquitted.

Convict bound indentures, NSW, 1820-21; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

John Trapp / London Gaol Delivery / 27th October 1819 / Seven Years / [native place] Hackney / Letter Carrier / 46 / [height] 5 ft. 1 1/2 in. / [complexion] d'k sallow / [hair] bl'k & gr. / [eyes] grey

Convict records, John Trapp, per Guildford, 1820; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1441402; CON31/1/42,190,41,F,60 (DIGITISED)

112 / Trapp Jno. Guildford, 27 Oct 1819 - 7 [years] / Sept 20 1826 T. L. / absent from Muster & Church Sunday last Pap? (Rev. R. K. . . .)
Feb'y 26 1833 T. F. / Drunk finde 5l. . . .

"Government Public Notice", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (14 May 1824), 1 

THE under-mentioned Persons have obtained Certificates and Tickets of Leave during the last Week:
Tickets of Leave . . . John Trapp - Guildford . . .
H. E. ROBINSON, Secretary. Secretary's Office, May 14, 1824.

"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT. Thursday, November 13th", Trumpeter General (21 November 1834), 3 

As usual, the morning's amusement commenced with a row of drunkards, most of them old hands, who went through the regular ordeal, "Guilty or not," to which seldom or ever is any defence made. As most of them were public characters, in their public line of business, and tolerably well known at this place, it would be useless to name them all, with the exception of one, the celebrated Mr. Trap, the bellman, and noted crier of distress in Hobart Town, who it appears, had received so many half crowns for the use of his distressing and noisy bell, that he had found a little to spare for spirited recreation, and afterwards crying out in the public street, Oh be joyful. The constables thought that as he got so much by crying, they might enjoy themselves a little by laughing at him, and therefore they lodged him in durance vile for the night, to cry if he pleased, until the morning. The little Orator attempted to say something in his defence, but it was no use, for up stepped constable Swift without a call, and the Little Bellman was fined 5s. His night companions were dealt with in the usual way.

"Hobart Town Police Report. Monday, June 27", Colonial Times (5 July 1836), 7 

George Hunt, William Williams, Isaac Milsom, James Frankland and James Fleming were ushered into the show-box for drunkenness, the rear closed in by the celebrated Hobart Town Herald, whose "curfew tolls the knell" of ruin and misery - John Trap, the Town Crier - They all pleaded guilty, and were fined 5s. each.

"Hobart Town Police Report. Monday, May 29", Colonial Times (6 June 1837), 7 

Dr. Lhotsky entered the office in great haste with a written paper, and begged to be heard. "Well, Doctor." "Saar, dis is my information against von John Trapp." It being read, it ran thus. "John Lhotsky, Esq., part proprietor of a publication, entitled "Information for the People," maketh oath, and said - On Friday last, in the morning, I engaged the public crier, 'John Trapp' to crye out in the streets the above publication; I entered with him into this agreement, namely - (agreed to crye the paper delivered out from 4 to 6 for half a crown - received one shilling in good earnest, signed John Trapp) and he was to cry on dis written paper dese words -

"To-morrow evening will be published the first number of a new publication, under the title of 'Information for the People' - mark well - 'Information for the People.' It will be published on a Saturday evening, and so if you have not time to read it on Saturday, you can read it on a Sunday after you come out of church - the newsman will come to your doors, and so you can have nothing to do but to keep the sixpence, and there will be no bills, and no Little Go. Now, the Doctor's Clerk, Mr. Michael, will tell you all to cry, but dont't forget 'Information for the People.'"

The information then further stated, "Every body whom I spoke to says he did not hear him crye out the publication. That on the next day - the above John Trapp came in my, house, and said he cannot crye out the publication, as he had too much to do he offered me the money back, which I would not accept, but he threw it on my table; and (complainant further said) brings this information not only on account of the detriment which the publication has received by this breach of contract, but also for the sake of checking by his (complainant's) humble efforts a spirit of untrust, worthiness, and deception which in the long run cannot but influence the community."

The Magistrate, after perusing this precious composition, expressed a doubt whether he could afford him any redress, but said he would order a summons for Mr. John Trapp, but the fees must be first paid. The Doctor said no more, but immediately retired.

"POLICE REPORT", The Hobart Town Courier (9 June 1837), 4 

Dr. Lhotsky complained of John Trapp the crier, for that he did not cry his publication entitled "Information for the People." The worthy Dr. stated it was not only on account of the detriment which his publication had sustained by not being cried, but it was a system of deception which was likely to gain ground, if allowed to pass unnoticed; he had enquired of many "people," but none had heard of his "information" by means of the crier. The man, Trapp, however, it appears, did not keep the money he had received, but returned it as he was engaged upon more important affairs - therefore the crier was guilty of no deception; what he might have been guilty of, had he puffed this precious publication, we leave the public to judge.

"THE ELECTION", Tasmanian Weekly Dispatch (5 March 1841), 2 

In the Hobart Town Advertiser of Tuesday last there is a squib, in which the name of Mr. Daniel Muprhy, of the Court of Requests Department, is introduced as a candidate for the honor of Commissioner of Roads . . . If the writer of the howdacious article in question had recommended Mr. John Trapp, of noisy notoriety, that would have been consistent, because he could have put'em all up, and the Police could have knocked 'em all down, in one lot, and "God save the Queen," and a chapter or two out of Joe Miller, would have settled the matter!

"BOOKS", The Hobart Town Advertiser (17 August 1841), 2 

At the sale of the Library of the late Archdeacon, last week, Mr. Trap, the celebrated bellman, surprised many of the learned gentlemen who attended the Auction Company's mart, by purchasing a Greek Lexicon, and astonished them more by expounding its contents. Mr. Trap is a firstrate scholar, and a most eccentric individual. We think if Mr. Dickins could hear some of his quaint sayings, he would gain a few wrinkles for bookmaking.

"Van Diemen's Land . . . THE NEW MEMBER OF COUNCIL", Australasian Chronicle (25 January 1842), 2 

We understand that an ingenious artist has been employed to manufacture a new member of the Legislative Council, but that an order for a mandarin's head which should have been forwarded to China long since has somehow or other been mislaid. Little Mr. Trapp, the celebrated bell-man is spoken of for the vacancy, but, with his good sense, independence of character, and classical attainments, we do not think it likely he would accept the appointment. - Morning Advertiser.

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1184926; RGD35/1/1 no 1087 (DIGITISED)

[No] 1087 / May 29th / John Trapp / Seventy one yrs / Delerium Tremens

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND . . . Mr. Trapp", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (13 June 1842), 2 

It is our melancholy task to record the demise of a person in this town, who has done more to promote the interchange of our commodoties [sic] than almost any other of our community. In every ease of transfer, which waited not the slow process of retail dealing, or the formality of the wholesale merchant's transactions, his voice was ever raised for the public weal. Assiduous in his duties, he did more to give publicity to the business patronised by him "for a consideration," than even our own advertising columns, aiding his constituents both by tongue and bell, and generally contriving to blend amusement and instruction with business. But alas for the fleeting nature of our enjoyments! No more shall the sonorous voice attract the crowd of urchins, anxious for the appearance of the good natured old man. No more shall the truant school boy look forward to his assistance in the translation of his neglected Greek or Latin task, as a means of escaping the infliction of the birch from his deceived pedagogue. His bell is cracked, his clapper at rest, his locomotive and stentorian powers exhausted, and Mr. Trapp, our ancient bell-man, has, we trust, exchanged the music of his own creation, for a more, melodious and abiding occupation. "Requiescat in pace." - Hobart Town Advertiser, June 3.


Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TRAVERS, Erskine (Erskine TRAVERS; ? pseud.)
TRAVERS, Edwin (Edwin TRAVERS; ? pseud.)

Tenor vocalist(s)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by November 1854; active Sydney, NSW, 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


Melbourne, VIC (1852):

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (12 August 1852), 5 

The following is the programme for this evening's Concert: -
PART I. Overture - Faniska.
Duet - "Flow gently Deva," Messrs. Travers and Bancroft.
Aria - L'amor suo mi fe' beata," Mrs. Testar.
Violin Solo - Herr Mater. . .
PART II . . . Glee - "Blow gentle gales," - Mrs. Testar, &c. . . .
Finale - Rule Britannia.

ASSOCIATIONS: Elizabeth Testar (soprano vocalist); Charles Mater (violin, leader); Richard Bancroft (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: Flow gently Deva (Parry); Blow gentle gales (Bishop, from The slave)

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (26 August 1852), 5 

We are very glad to see the renewed vigour infused into the management of the Weekly Concerts, attended as it was last Thursday, with complete success, and greeted by a crowded audience. The programme for tonight is first rate, copious, novel, full of variety, and tasteful in arrangement. It is as follows:
Overture - Masaniello.
Trio - The Bells of St. Michael's Tower, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers, and Bancroft
Song - Le Marseillaise, Mons. Lavrence
Quartet - Now is the month of Maying, by the Hungarian Brothers, with full chorus.
Song - The blind flower girl, Mrs. Testar
Solo Piano - Mr. Buddee, from the Opera of the Prophet
Song - The death of Nelson, Mr. Wilkinson
Madrigal - Down in a flow'ry vale, Mrs. Testar, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers and Bancroft.
Overture - Italiani in Algiers
Quartet - Poculum poculum elevatum, by the Hungarian Brothers
Song - The Maids of Merry England, Mr. Wilkinson.
Recitation and Air - Fly hence each idle tear, (Violin Obligato, Herr Mater,) Mrs. Testar
Glee - In the lonely vale of streams, Mrs. Testar, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers and Bancroft
Duet - All's Well, Messrs. Wilkinson and Travers
Catch - Look, neighbour, look, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers and Bancroft
Finale - National Anthem.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Wilkinson (vocalist)

MUSIC: The bells of St. Michael's tower (Knyvett); Down in a flow'ry vale [Quando ritrovo la mia pastorella] (Costanzo Festa); In the lonely vale of streams (Callcott); Look, neighbour, look (Harrington)

"WEEKLY CONCERT", The Argus (2 September 1852), 5 

The following is the programme for this evening's concert:-
PART I. Overture - Romeo and Juliet.
Song - In this old chair, Mr. Wilkinson.
Recitative and Air - Durst I ever hope, Mrs. Testar
Solo - Contra Basso, first time in the Colonies, Mr. Tranter
Duet - On the wave, Mrs. Testar and Mr. Wilkinson
Waltz - The Philadelphia
Glee - Awake, Eolian Lyre, Mrs. Testar, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers, and Bancroft
Buffo Song - Fair Rosamond, Mr. O'Wheeler.
PART II. Overture - Tancredi
Glee - Hermit hear in solemn cell, Messrs. Wilkinson, Travers, and Bancroft
Aria - Mi fa lelio, Mrs. Testar
Song - My pretty Jane, Mr. Wilkinson
Duet - Albion, Messrs. Wilkinson and Bancroft
Song - Come, live with me, Mr. Travers
Ballad - Logie O'Buchan, Mrs. Testar
Buffo Song - Now, what do you think of that, Mr. O'Wheeler
Finale - National Anthem.

ASSOCIATIONS: William Tranter (double bass); Stephen Wheeler (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: Awake, Aeolian lyre (Danby)

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 November 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Thursday Concert, November 10, 1853.
Under the direction of Mr. Travers.
Vocalists: Soprano - Mrs. Testar, Miss Miabella Smith, Miss Martin
Tenor - Mr. Travers. Bass: - Mr. J. Price, Mr. Wheeler.
Glee - Glorious Appollo, Messrs. Travers, Price, and Wheeler - Webbe
Song - The Greek Bride's Farewell, Miss Martin
Duet -What are the Wild Waves Saying, Miss M. Smith and Miss Martin - S. Glover
Cavatina - Spirit of the Air, Mrs. Testar (first time) - Linley
Song - I breathe once more my Native Air, Miss M Smith - Harvey
Trio - Shepherd tell me have you seen, Miss Martin, Mr. Travers, Mr. Price - Mazzinghi
Part II.
Glee - Come o'er the Brook, Miss M. Smith, Miss Martin, Mr. Travers, Mr. Price - Callcott
Recit. and Air - Softly Sighs (from Der Freischutz) - Mrs. Testar
Song - My Dream, Miss Martin - Nelson
Song - Man the Life Boat - Mr. Wheeler - Russell
Irish Melody - The Harp that once through Tara's Halls, Miss M. Smith - Moore
Scotch Ballad - Logie O'Buchan, (by desire) Mrs. Testar
Glee - You Gentlemen of England, Messrs. Travers, Price, and Wheeler - Callcott
The words of all the songs, &c., will be printed in the programmes.
Tickets, 3s.; Reserved Seats, 5s. Commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (17 November 1853), 5 

A vocal concert , under the direction of Mr. Travers is announced at the Mechanics' Institution for this evening. Madames Testar, White, and Martin, and Messrs. Smith, Travers, Wheeler and White appear in the programme. Several good things are promised, of which the glee "Hark the Lark at Heaven's gate sings"; the duet "the Water Nymphs," and the song "There's music in the fountain," may be especially noticed.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emilia and Thomas White (vocalist, pianist)

Sydney, NSW (1854-57):

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 1 

TO THE MUSICAL WORLD.- The celebrated English Tenor, ERSKINE TRAVERS, has just arrived. Address TENOR, Herald Office.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1857), 1 

GRAND FREE CONCERT, Melbourne Hotel, King-street.- THIS EVENING, the following artistes will appear: Mdlle. LAURENTE, the famed contralto, from the London Concerts; Mr. AUGUSTUS FRAZER, the noted ballad singer; Mr. EDWIN TRAVERS, tenor, of European celebrity, &c., &c. HERR VON PLEYEL, pianist.

ASSOCIATIONS: Madame Laurent (contralto vocalist); Herr von Pleyel and Augustus Frazer (probably pseudonyms)

Disambiguation (English tenor singer, Travers, d. May 1855):

"THEATRICAL, LITERARY, AND MUSICAL GOSSIP", The Courier (22 September 1855), 3 

Mr, Travers, the tenor, died from disease of the spine. Mr. Travers was first induced to try his skill in painting, but being gifted with a fine tenor voice, he was persuaded to pursue his musical studies. He went to Milan, and subsequently sang at various theatres in Italy. He afterwards made his debut at Covent-garden Theatre, under the management of Madame Vestris, and sang at Drury-lane in Mr. Bunn's operatic days.


Musician, pianist, teacher of the piano forte

Arrived Melbourne, VIC,4 January 1851 (per Tasman, from London, 16 August 1850) (shareable link to this entry)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (6 January 1851), 2 

January 4: - Tasman, barque, 562 tons, J. B. Blackburn, commander, from London August 16. Passengers, (cabin), Dr Rowe, Miss M. Rowe, Miss H Treble . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1851), 3 

To Families and Schools.
MISS TREBLE, from England, ten years Teacher of the Piano Forte at Oulton Hall, Staffordshire, and Seven at Park House Establishment, London,
begs to announce that she purposes giving lessons on that instrument either at her own residence or at the residences of her pupils.
For terms apply at No. 46, Lonsdale street, West, near the Crown Hotel.
Miss T. will give lessons once a week at Richmond and St. Kilda.

TREVOR, Frank (Trevor McCURLEY; alias Frank TREVOR; ? O'NEILL)

Tenor vocalist (Lyster opera company)

Born USA, c. 1829/30
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco, 8 January)
Died Manly Beach, Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 37 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)



Fred Lyster, writing in 1882, said that Frank Trevor had been "third mate of an Indiaman before he forsook the quarter-deck for the stage". He had joined the Lyster company, then appearing as the New Orleans English Opera Troupe, by mid 1857, if not earlier. After touring in East and mid West, the company reached San Francisco in 1859. According to the veteran theatre journalist George E. Barnes (d. 1897), who knew the company at the time, Trevor's real name was O'Neill.

Trevor also spent four and a half years with the company in Australia and New Zealand. He was last billed in Sydney on 1 July 1865, and in Melbourne on 19 September 1865. He died of complications of alcoholism at Manly Beach, Sydney, on 15 June 1866, reportedly aged 37. According to the NSW death index, which also gives his stage name, his real name was Trevor McCurley (NSW BDM 2547/1866).


United States (until 8 January 1861):

"PHILADELPHIA . . . Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's music journal (11 July 1857), 119 (DIGITISED)

On Monday the popular English Opera troupe, consisting of the beautiful Miss Rosalie Durand, the lovely Miss Georgina Hodson, and the handsome Messrs. Frederick Lyster and Frank Trevor, made their appearance in "The Daughter of the Regiment," assisted by the regular company. On Tuesday was performed "Sonnambula," an English Opera with an Italian name. The success of this company at the National is undoubted. The beauty of the ladies and the merit of the singing will attract all connoisseurs in loveliness and music. "Sonnambula" was sung with a great deal of spirit and vivacity.

"Dramatic and Musical Matters", Daily Alta California [San Francsico] (9 October 1857), 1

The New Orleans English Opera Company, under the management of Mr. W. S. Lyster, opened in Detroit on the 7th of September. The company comprises Mesdames Rosalie Durand, Georgina Hudson, Ada King, Messrs. Fred. Lyster, Frank Trevor, Thomson, &c., with a full chorus. They have been singing in all the Southern and Western cities, with great success.

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

MAGUIRE'S OPERA HOUSE, Washington street, above Montgomery.
THE PUBLIC ARE RESPECTFULLY informed that the celebrated NEW ORLEANS English Opera Troupe Has been engaged at an enormous expense, and will shortly make their first appearance in San Francisco.
This is the first COMPLETE OPERA TROUPE That has ever appeared in this city.
MISS ROSALIE DURAND, Prima Donna Assoluta, MISS GEORGIA HODSON, Tenor Contraltina,
MR. FRED. LYSTER, Primo Basso Baritone, MISS ADA KING, Seconda Donna,
MR. FRANK TREVOR, Tenore de Forza, MR. F. B. BOUDINOT, Basso Profundo.
FRIDAY EVENING - MAY 27th, 1859, When Bellini's Opera of LA SONNAMBULA Will be presented . . .

Australia and New Zealand (1 March 1861 to 15 June 1866):

"SHIPPING . . . ARRIVED, MARCH 1", The Age (2 March 1861), 4 

Achilles, ship, 553 tons, H. T. Hart, from San Francisco, 8th January. Passengers - cabin: Madame Lucy Escott, Miss Rosalie Durand, Miss Georgia Hodson, Mrs. Ada King, Messrs. A. Reiff, H. Squires, J. Trevor, W. S. Lyster, F. Lyster, Lloyd, De Fries, and Hagelsea. Holmes, White and Co, agents.

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

The ship Achilles, which arrived from San Francisco yesterday, has brought to these shores a "complete operatic troupe," comprising the names of Madame Lucy Escott, and Miss Rosalie Durand, sopranos; Miss Georgia Hodson, contralto; and Madame Ada King, as seconda donna. The tenor, Mr. Henry Squires, is supported by Mr. Frank Trevor, as second tenor. The baritone is Mr. F. Lester [Lyster]. Mr. A. Reiff is the conductor; and the whole are under the supervision of Mr. W. L. Lester [W. S. Lyster]. The agent of the troupe is Mr. W. Lloyd. Arrangements are being made for the appearance of the new company at the Theatre Royal, and we understand they will produce both tragic and comic opera.

[News], The Argus (22 April 1861), 4

The Lyster Opera Company brought their season to a close on Saturday night, with Balfe's favourite opera, "The Bohemian Girl" . . . Not the least meritorious performance was the Florestein of Mr. Frank Trevor. This gentleman possesses a good voice and considerable humorous power . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1865) 1

PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE. THIS EVENING . . . LUCREZIA BORGIA . . . Vitellezzo - Mr. Frank Trevor . . .
And the last three acts of Auber's MASANIELLO . . . Selva - Mr. Frank Trevor . . .

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (1 July 1865), 402 

NORMA . . . Flavius - Mr. Frank Trevor . . .
And . . . THE BARBER OF SEVILLE . . . Basilio - Mr. Frank Trevor . . .

[Advertisement], Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (16 September 1865), 12 

LUCREZIA BORGIA . . . Vitellozza - Mr. Frank Trevor . . .
TUESDAY. 19th September, LUCREZIA BORGIA . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 1

On the 15th instant, at Manly Beach, FRANK TREVOR, late a member of the Lyster Operatic Company, aged 37 years.

"DEATH OF MR. FRANK TREVOR", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (16 June 1866), 3 

This gentleman, well and favorably known as one of the earliest members of Lyster's Opera Company, died yesterday morning, at Mr. Charles Brown's, New Steyne Hotel, Manly Beach, where he had been staying for the benefit of his health during the last month. Mr. Trevor was one of the artistes with whom Mr. Lyster first commenced the representation of operas in Australia; and apart from his abilities as an actor and vocalist, his goodness of heart made him a favorite where'er he went.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 4

Mr. Frank Trevor, the well-known tenor, lately a member of the Lyster troupe, died yesterday, at Browne's Hotel, Manly Beach. His health had been precarious for some time and his death was not unexpected.

Bibliography and resources:

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

. . . I myself have been in the Navy three years; our second tenor, Frank Trevor, was third mate of an Indiaman before he forsook the quarter-deck for the stage . . .

George E. Barnes, "The Ivy Green" San Francisco Call (2 April 1893), 14 (DIGITISED)

. . . [in Merchant Street] . . . It is of the old building once called "The Ivy Green" I am writing, and the history I which I propose to sketch as briefly as possible, when, in its pride early in the sixties, it was kept by Mistress Ellen Moon, and was of its kind one of the best-known places of resort in the city . . . Mistress Ellen Moon, was a good-looking Welshwoman, as British as the cliffs of Dover . . .

[On the regular clientele] . . . the actors from Maguire's Opera-house . . . The burly Fred Lyster, with his unctuous but carelessly expressed Irish art, who subsequently had to leave Australia in a hurry for openly disparaging the Duke of Edinburgh, then on a visit to the antipodes; Frank Trevor, the tenor, was a sort of star in the Ivy Green, because he had wrenched his name to Trevor, a Welsh form, from O'Neill, an Irish one - O'Neill, in his opinion, would not look well on an operatic three-sheet poster; and that gloomy and peculiar basso, John de Haga, a handsome fellow, but so constitutionally lazy that his ambition was to return to London and take service as footman in some aristocratic family. Several years afterward I stood in the room of a house at Sandridge, the port of Melbourne, where Da Haga had blown out his brains. The were heavy drinkers, these ministrants from the temples of Thespis and Euterpe, but very light payers . . .

The history of opera in San Francisco, part 1 (San Francisco: San Francisco Theatre Research, 1939), 26 (DIGITISED)

George E. Barnes in the Bulletin of March 7, 1896 writing of Biscaccianti . . . when she appeared with Fred Lyster's English Opera Troupe. This was:

A slim-waisted affair, brought here from New York late in the fifties. The company consisted of Lyster himself, a barytone; John de Hago [de Haga], a basso; Georgia Hodson, a contralto, who sang tenor at a pinch; Rosalie Durand, wife of the riding master, Disbrow, in New York City,) soprano; and a sort of fake tenor, called Frank Trevor, whose real name was O'Neill, and who claimed kinship with the red-haired branch of that Irish family. He changed his name from Irish to Welsh;, because in his opinion 'Trevor' read better on the theatre bills . . .

Harold Love, The golden age of Australian opera: W. S. Lyster and his companies 1861-1880 (Sydney: Currency Press, 1981), 8, 9, 12, 19, 36, 40, 41, 42, 71, 78, 80, 88, 89, 116

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Pellinor, 1999), 119, 128, 251

TREVOR, Joseph Robinson (Joseph Robinson TREVOR; Mr. J. R. TREVOR; Mr. J. R. TREVOR)

Musician, pianist, teacher of music, organist, ? violinist, bandmaster, public librarian

Born Yorkshire, England, 1826; baptised Sculcoates, York, 16 January 1826; son of William Charles TREVOR and Mary Ann FENWICK
Married Sarah Crucefix GUNNELL (1831-1911), England, St. John's church, Bedminster, England, 5 August 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1853 (per Clara Symes, from Bristol, 16 October 1852)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 15 March 1898, aged "72" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1852, marriage solemnized at the Parish Church in the Parish of Bedminster in the counties of Bristol & Somerset; Bristol Archives (PAYWALL)

177 / 5th August 1852 / Joseph Robinson Trevor / 26 / Bachelor / Professor of Music / [of] Bedminster / [father] William Charles Trevor / Chemist
Sarah Crucifix Gunnell / 20 / Spinster / - / Bedminster / Robert Hinricks Gunnell / Gentleman . . .

"MARRIED", Bristol Mercury (7 August 1852), 8

August 5, at Bedminster church, by the Rev. Chas Grant, Mr. Joseph R. Trevor, to Sarah Crucefix, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Robert Hinrichs Gunnell, of Clapham, Surrey.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 April 1853), 12 

COLLINGWOOD Harmonic Hall, Studley Arms, Wellington-street, Collingwood, open every evening.
Principal Singers:
Mr. Cummings - Ballad Singer.
Mr. Charles Hill - Alto.
Mr. Levison - Bass.
Mr. F. N. Rosentengel - do.
Mr. Graham - Comic.
Mr. Trevor - Pianist.
Concert to commence each evening at half-past 7 o'clock, Admission, one shilling.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1853), 1 

LADY FITZ HERBERT.- If Mr. Garrard, who came out in the above vessel, should be in Melbourne, J. Trevor would be glad to know his address, sent to the office of this paper.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1853), 12 

Mr. Cumming, the favorite tenor of the Melbourne Concerts.
Mr. Levison, bass, will sing Henry Russell's admired songs.
Mr. Charles Hill, alto, from the Bristol Concerts.
Mr. Labern, comic, will give "advice gratis."
Mr. Wright, comic, will sing the Jolly Gold digger.
Mr. Graham, comic, from the Queen's Theatre.
Mr. Trevor, pianist, from the Bristol Concerts . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1853), 12 

Studley Arms, Wellington-street, Collingwood.
GRAND CONCERT On Saturday May 7th instant.
Glee - See our Oars
Mr. Hill - The Slave - Pell
Mr. Laberne (comic) - The Deluded Emigrant - Thatcher
Mr. Levison - Man the Life Boat - Henry Russell
Mr. Wright (comic) - Black Jack, the Digger - Wright
Mr. Cumming - Let me like a soldier fall - Wallace
Mr. Trevor - The Flying Dutchman - John Parry.
Mr. Hill - Little Nell - Linley
Mr. Laberne (comic) - The Lively Flea - Ross
Mr. Levison - Some love to roam - Henry Russell.
Mr. Wright (comic) - Kind Relations
Mr. Cumming - Shells of Ocean - Calcott [? Cherry]
Pianist and Musical Director, Mr. Trevor.
Violin - Mr. Hill.
Cornet - Mr. Wright.
F. Jackson, Manager.
Concert to commence at half past 7 o'clock.
Admission 1s.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Leveson (baritone vocalist); George Laberne (comic vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

Mr. T. B. SMITH begs to intimate to his friends and the public that he has effected an engagement with Mr. Charles Smith, The Champion Dancer of the Colonies, whom the press has pronounced unrivalled, and who will appear every evening, in addition to the following artistes:
Miss Castine, Soprano.
Mr. C. Smith, Tenor.
Mr. De Courcy, Baritone.
Mr. J. R. Trevor, Pianist and Conductor.
Mr. T. B. S. has much pleasure in announce that in addition io the above company engagements are pending with other celebrated artistes.

ASSOCIATIONS: David De Courcy (vocalist); Emma Castine (vocalist)

"SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL", The Star (15 November 1858), 2 

Locke's Macbeth music has been very successfully performed during the week. Miss Spiden as the 1st Witch, and Mr. Morgan as Hecate, especially distinguishing themselves. There is a desire at this establishment to revive the good old classical music which is now too much neglected, and it is pleasing to see its successful accomplishment, which fact reflects great credit on the company, and Mr. Trevor, the pianist and conductor.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alice Spiden (vocalist); J. W. Morgan (bass vocalist)

MUSIC: Locke's music in Macbeth (probably correctly by Richard Leveridge)

"DINNER TO HENRY S. LEAKE", The Star (19 July 1861), 1s

. . . Miss Schinch, pianist, and Mr. Trevor, violinist, enlivened the evening with some good music . . .

"FIRE IN THE MELBOURNE ROAD", The Star (11 November 1862), 1s

At about quarter past three o'clock on Monday afternoon, while the Western Fire Brigade was seeking its enjoyment at the sports at the Copenhagen Grounds, and the Ballarat Fire Brigade was similarly engaged at the Cricket Ground, the ascent of a dense column of smoke in the neighborhood of Bakery Hill gave the alarm of fire before any flames were seen . . . Mr. Wilkins' property was not materially damaged, but the premises, the property of Mrs. Simmons, will cost a considerable sum to place in a state of repair. The adjoining cottage, consumed and pulled down by the hooks of the firemen, was occupied by Mr. Trevor, professor of music. Mrs. Trevor was the first to gain intimation of the fire, by means of Mrs. Bennett, who noticed the thick smoke rising from the rear of Mr. Sawkins' building. Mrs. Trevor managed to secure all of her property before the fire reached the building . . .

"GRENVILLE HORMCULTURAL SOCIETY", The Ballarat Star (8 December 1866), 4 

. . . the Scarsdale brass band, under the able leadership of Mr. J. R. Trevor, performed a great number of fashionable and select pieces of music in excellent style . . .

"DEATHS", The Ballarat Star (16 March 1898), 2 

TREVOR. - On 15th March, at No. 2 Trevor street, Ballarat East, Joseph R. Trevor, aged 72 years.

[News], The Ballarat Star (16 March 1898), 2 

One of the oldest residents of Ballarat, Mr. J. R. Trevor, of Trevor street, Ballarat East, died at 5 o'clock yesterday, after having been ailing for the past 10 months. The deceased was 72 years of age, and has resided in Ballarat since the fifties. He practised the profession of teacher of music for a number of years with great success, several of his pupils being well-known performers at the present day. He became librarian of the Ballarat East Library 10 years ago, until his health failed as the result of an accident about 18 months ago when he sustained two broken ribs. He retired from his position as librarian about 10 mouths ago, and has been attended by Dr. Woinarski ever since. The deceased was a member of the masonic brotherhood for a number of years, having acted as Past Master and secretary of the Prince of Wales (Smythesdale), and St. John's (Balllarat) Lodges, and be was also one of the earliest trustees of St. Paul's Church of England, Ballarat East. Mr. Trevor gained the esteem and admiration of all who knew him for his sterling qualities. His demise will be keenly regretted, his courteous bearing and many accomplishments having rendered it a pleasure to meet him. He leaves a widow and four grown up sons and one daughter, three of the sons being married. The funeral will take place on Thursday afternoon, when the remains will be interred with Masonic honors under the superintendence of Mr. C. Morris.

"BALLARAT LIEDERTAFEL", The Ballarat Star (22 October 1898), 1 

The annual meeting of the above was held at Craig's hotel on Wednesday . . . Annual report: . . . We regret that death should bare removed from us one of our oldest and most valued members, in the person of Mr. J R. Trevor, who was a devoted upholder of your society, and whose punctuality and regularity at rehearsal was a pattern unhappily not followed by a large number of performing members . . .

TRICKETT, Henrietta (Henrietta TRICKETT; Mrs. Edward TICKETT)

Teacher of music, piano teacher, singing class instructor

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 9 February 1820; baptised Canongate, daughter of Archibald YOUNG and Agnes BURRELL [PROV]
Married Edward TRICKETT (c. 1817-1882), Edinburgh, Scotland, 2 June 1846
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 August 1857 (per Planet, aged "37")
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 28 January 1907, aged "86" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Rickinghall Inferior, Norwich, Suffolk; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1794 (PAYWALL)

Edward Trickett / Head / 34 / Baptist minister / [born] Yorkshire Bromley
Henrietta [Trickett] / Wife / 31 / - / Scotland Edinburgh
Oliver [Trickett] / Son / 3 / - / Yorkshire Bridlington
Ellen [Trickett] / Dau'r / 2 / - / Suffolk Rickinghall

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1860), 8 

SING1NG CLASSES, for ladies and gentlemen. Mrs. Trickett, teacher of music, 1 Lansdowne-street, Fitzroy-square.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 July 1866), 7 

SCOTCH COLLEGE. Eastern-hill, Melbourne. Principal -ALEXANDEK MORRISON, M.A. . . .
Singing - John Russell, Esq.
Instrumental Music - Louis Buddee [sic], Mrs. Trickett.
Dancing and Violin. - Louis Delplanque . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Alexander Morrison (principal); John Russell (singing instructor); Julius Buddee (pianist); Louis Delplanque (violinist and dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 April 1867), 8 

PIANOFORTE - SINGLE LESSONS or per quarter Mrs. Trickett, 1 Lansdowne street, Fitzroy-square. Beginners French class.

[Advertisement], The Australasian (22 May 1875), 16 

SCOTCH COLLEGE, Melbourne . . . VISITING MASTERS . . . Instrumental Music - Mrs. Trickett, E. King, J. Buddee . . . Dancing - L. Delplanque . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward King (violinist)

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 January 1907), 1 

TRICKETT. - On the 28th January, at 7 Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, Henrietta, the wife of the late Edward Trickett.

"DEATHS", The Age (30 January 1907), 1 

TRICKETT. - On the 28th January, at 2 Lansdowne-street, East Melbourne, Henrietta, wife of the late Edward Trickett, formerly Baptist Minister at Bridlington, Yorkshire; the dear mother of O., E., E. A. and Ed. A. Trickett. No flowers, by request. Edinburgh and Leeds papers please copy.

[Boroondara Cemetery, headstone, 409] ILMO / Edward TRICKETT / formerly Baptist Minister at Carlisle, Bridlington & Botesdale Eng / d 8 oct 1882 / 66y / also his wf / Henrietta b 9 Feb 1820 / d 29 Jan 1907 . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Jim Mitchell, A deepening roar: Scotch College, Melbourne, 1851-2001 (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2001), 44 (PREVIEW)

. . . Music also began in the 1850s. In 1865 Morrison attempted to make it a routine subject "without extra fee", but this quickly reverted to an extra few guineas to learn an instrument. As early as 1861 one of the instrumental music teachers was Mrs. Rickett, apparently the first female non-primary teacher. She was still teaching in 1883 . . .

TRIGG, Henry (Henry TRIGG)

Promoter of congregational church singing, builder, architect

Born Gloucester, England, 30 June 1791
Married Amelia RALPH (1791-1873), England, 1813
Arrived Fremantle, WA, October 1829 (per Lotus)
Died Perth, WA, 15 February 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

TRIGG, Amelia (Amelia TRIGG; Mrs. Henry Thomas DEVENISH)

Amateur musician, vocalist, organist

Born England, 1824; baptised Holy Trinity, Bengeo, Hertford, 27 June 1824; daughter of Henry TRIGG and Amelia RALPH
Arrived Fremantle, WA, 1831 (per Egyptian)
Married Henry Thomas DEVENISH (1825-1874), Perth, WA, 1848
Died Perth, WA, 5 June 1912, aged 88 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"CHURCH SINGING. To the Editor of . . .", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (15 October 1836), 781

Sir, - I beg to call your attention to a subject which may be considered little short of a disregard and wilful negligence of our religious duties. It is the long and unaccountable discontinuance of singing at the Church of Perth. This delightful part of divide worship, which, I believe, was first established there by Mr. Trigg, and greatly and perseveringly promoted by him, I have no doubt, contributed as strongly to the religious impressions on the minds of the congregation, as any other portion of divine service. When the Court-house, which is now in a forward stage, and which, I understand, is also to be appropriated to the use of a Church, is completed, I hope that church-singing will be renewed. Whose duty it is to see it attended to, you, Mr. Editor, perhaps, can best acquaint me. Hoping you will give this a place in your Journal, and with apologies for my intrusion,
I am, Sir, Your obliged Servant,
Perth, October 12.

[We agree with our Correspondent, that the discontinuance of the singing at Church, is much to be regretted, and we hope some persons will come forward to re-establish it. The school children might be easily instructed to take the lead, if others are unwilling. - ED.]

"To the Editor of . . .", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (22 October 1836), 785 

To Sir, - Observing in your last week's Paper, a paragraph on Church-singing, in which my name is mentioned, I shall feel obliged if you will return my thanks to "A Churchman" for the credit he has given me in endeavouring to promote the same, and to assure him no one regrets its discontinuance more than myself, but singing Sunday after Sunday, almost alone, against rush walls, I found to be a very unpleasant task, and, concluding it was a matter in which very few felt any interest, I of course declined it. The only parties I ever heard express a like or dislike during my long attempt to establish it, was the Rev. Mr. Wittenoom, and, I think, three others, except those who at times kindly assisted. I beg to say, that the Rev. Gentleman always seemed to feel a pleasure in sending books, or giving anything to promote it, and frequently expressed the pleasure he felt in that part of the service; and when I look on it, not only as a duty, but a privilege, I am at a loss to know how any one, professing Christianity, and having the ability, can remain silent in that transporting part of divine worship, - yes, I say transporting part, for, if rightly felt, it lifts the soul above all sublunary objects - joins it with the kindred spirits of the "Just made perfect," and gives a sweet antepast of higher strains in a brighter world. Why, then, is it so neglected? Publish a fair, and all are on the alert. Establish a race, hundreds assemble, and their shouts are heard in the distant wild. Endeavour to raise a song of praise to our Creator, and many are as dumb as the benches on which they sit. O! when will our inconsistencies cease? If the Governor were to become the leader of the singing, would he stand alone, think you? I think not. If so it follows, then, it is not fashionable, and this is the only reason I can assign why it is not more practised. Not fashionable; the most profound lawgiver [1] (to say nothing of prophets and priests [2]) and one of the greatest monarchs that ever swayed a sceptre, [3] delighted in it; - 'tis the employment of angels,[4] and will, form a part of our employ, if ever we join the heavenly choir.[5] May every shackle of fashion, or whatever is the tie, burst asunder, that we may use the faculties God has given us to sing aloud his praise.

I beg to assure you, as it regards myself, I shall always feel the highest pleasure, to come forward with my humble abilities, to assist in promoting so desirable an object. Let a place be appropriated for the singers in the new building, and a pew or seat adjoining for any one to sit, who feels an interest in it, and one night in the week appointed to practise, and I do hope the song of praise will again be heard in the Church.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
Perth, October 20.

[1] Exodus, 15 c. 1 v.
[2] Judges, 5 c. 3 v.
[3] Psalms, 9-11
[4] 14 Revelations, 3 v.
[5] 5 Ditto, 9 v.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Burdett Wittenoom (colonial chaplain)

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

A selection of Sacred Music, in aid of the funds for the purchase of an organ, or other suitable instrument, was performed in Saint George's Church, Perth, on Wednesday last, greatly to the delight and satisfaction of a very numerous and respectable audience. This being the first performance of the kind ever held in this colony, some doubts had been expressed, first, as to the capabilities of the performers to give to this peculiar style of music its proper effect; and second, as to whether the performance, so novel to most of our community, would prove sufficiently attractive. We are rejoiced to be able to say that both these doubts are now removed . . .

The choir was composed entirely of amateurs, who offered to their fellow colonists a highly intellectual entertainment, in aid of a very good and useful purpose, and this fact alone would disarm criticism of every hostile weapon. But of such there is in truth no need . . .

. . . These performances were succeeded by a duett by Blake, "Thou shalt show me the path of Life," which we do not remember to have heard before. It was a simple, pleasing melody, charmingly sung by Mrs. Maycock and Miss A. Trigg . . . The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, "Father of Mercy", very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash . . . the fine bass of Mr. Nash rendered the harmony complete, and left nothing for the most critical ear to cavil at . . . and the whole was very judiciously concluded with the Hallelujah chorus from the "Messiah," which was given with a triumphant volume of tone that could not have been anticipated from so small a choir. Thus ended this delightful performance . . .

"LOCAL AND DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", Inquirer (25 April 1855), 2 

Last week the gratuitous services of Miss Trigg to preside at the organ in St. George's Church, were accepted. The well-known musical tatent of this young lady will doubtless ensure an efficient choir and suitable Church music.

"THE JUBILEE OF METHODISM IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA", The Inquirer and Commercial News (20 June 1890), 5 

. . . During an evening Mr. Trigg was conducting service, the sermon of which was on the Trinity, he was interrupted by a drunken man entering the room. The venerable preacher had just uttered the words "O glorious Trinity - two in one and one in three," when the interloper shouted out "who did not know that two and one made three?" Mr. Trigg stopped his discourse immediately and after a short pause, said "Friends, let us sing a verse," and at the same time gave out the following lines:

"Grace, 'tis a charming sound,
Harmonious to the ear;
Heaven with the echo shall resound,
And all the earth shall hear."

While these lines were being sung some of the congregation diligently engaged themselves in putting the drunken man out, and one of them, Mr. J. Smith, was rather roughly handled by him, and during the scuffle his frock coat was torn asunder. Mr. Inkpen acted as chapel keeper, and one morning he heard the chapel bell ringing on the race course. The races were held, in those days, at the back of the present Railway Station. Yes, there was our bell doing duty for the Devil! It was, however, soon brought back by Mr. Inkpen and put into its proper place once more. About this time some doggerel lines were circulated against our Society, as follows:

"I diddle diddle old Trigg and his fiddle,
Old Lazeaby Reached to the Moon;
Old Miley Hutton sang Psalms to her mutton,
And Waldeck - he swallowed the spoon."

The above verse requires a little explanation in order to be understood. Mr. Trigg was leader of our choir; he played the violincello. Mr. Lazenby had, when preaching, a habit of looking towards the ceiling, and Mrs. Hutton, one of our most earnest workers, kept a butcher's shop in Murray-street; Mr. Waldeck, one of the choir, did at times open his mouth rather wide, but certainly he never swallowed a spoon . . .

"Death of an Old Colonist", Western Mail (8 June 1912), 25 

The death of a very old colonist, in the person of Mrs. Amelia Devenish, occurred at her residence on Wednesday of last week. The deceased, who was 88 years of age, arrived at Fremantle from London, with her mother, the late Mrs. Amelia Trigg, in the ship Egyptian, in the year 1831, after a voyage lasting four months, and had resided in Perth ever since. When she arrived the population of Perth was about 200, and Governor Stirling resided in a tent at Garden Island. Her father, the late Mr. Henry Trigg, built the first Government residence, which now stands in the Government Domain, and is used as stables. She will be remembered as one of the first workers for the Independent Church and School, and took part in the first performance of sacred music at St. George's Church, on May 7, 1845, in aid of the funds for the purchase of an organ for the church. She leaves a grown-up family of six sons. The funeral took place on Thursday afternoon in the Congregational Cemetery, East Perth, and was representatively attended, the Rev. B. C. Wieland conducting the burial service. The re- mains were laid in the family vault beside those of her father and mother, who pre-deceased her 30 years ago. The chief mourners were Messrs. Henry William, Stephen Baldwin, and Arthur Devenish (sons), Miss Ruth Devenish (grand-daughter), and Messrs. Ralph, Sydney, Roy, and Harold Devenish (grandsons). The pall bearers were Mr. Geo. Randell, Mr. W. G. Johnston, Mr. W. Padbury, and Mr. E. Snook. The funeral arrangements were in the hands of Messrs. Bowra and O'Dea.

Bibliography and resources:

P. J. Coles, "Trigg, Henry (1791-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967) 

TROEDEL, Charles (Johannes Theodor Carl TRÖDEL; Johannis Theodore Charles TROEDEL; Charles TROEDEL)

Music and general lithographer and engraver, printer, and publisher

Born Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Denmark (Germany), c. 1835/36; son of Carl August TRÖDEL and Maria BUCK
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 5 February 1860 (per Great Britain)
Married Sarah Julia GLOVER (1850-1929), St. Paul's church, Melbourne, VIC, 29 June 1869
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 31 October 1906, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

Charles Troedel (c. 1835/36-1906), lithographer

Charles Troedel (DIGITISED)


"SHIPPING. HOBSON'S BAY. ARRIVED", The Age (6 February 1860), 4 

February 5 - Great Britain, s., 3444 tons, John Gray, from Liverpool, 11th December. Passengers - Cabin . . . Mr. and Mrs. Staukrafft [sic] . . . Second cabin . . . C. Trodel . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 July 1863), 7

To be PUBLISHED MONTHLY, under the patron age of His Excellency Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.B., The MELBOURNE ALBUM. A series of elegant tinted lithographic Views of Melbourne and surrounding Districts, To be completed in 12 monthly parts, each part containing two views. Monthly Subscription (for the two views), 7s. 6d. Drawn, lithographed, printed, and published by T. Cogne and C. Troedel, at Schuhkraft's establishment, 178 Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1863), 1 

WANTED, a Smart BOY, for the lithographic printing business. Apply Charles Troedel, 73 Collins-street east.

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

We have received from the publisher, Mr. Charles Troedel, a copy of two songs, the composition of Mr. Engers Ascherberg [sic], a gentleman who recently arrived here from Germany. The words to the first song, commencing with "O calm thyself, my heart," are a very successful translation of a beautiful little poem by Robert Prutz, and are of a character somewhat "gefühlvoll," as the Germans would say. The music, which is well suited to the text, is rather "kuckenish." However, we have no reason to find fault with it on that account, as when rendered with proper understanding, it is really expressive of a great deal of deep feeling. The second song differs in its character from the first, being those well known lines by Mrs. Hemans, "Mother, oh sing me to rest." The music, which in this case is thoroughly original, is beautifully tender, and is admirably wedded to the words. The get up of the publication does credit to Mr. Troedel.

ASSOCIATIONS: Eugene Ascherberg

"DUKE OF EDINBURGH WALTZ", South Australian Register (5 November 1867), 2

We have received from Mr. Woodman's music warehouse, Rundle-street, a copy of a new waltz named as above. It has been composed and dedicated, by special permission, to His Royal Highness Prince Alfred K.G., by Harcourt Lee, and published by W. H. Glen, Melbourne. The title-page is from an elaborate design by C. Turner, and is quite gorgeous in blue and gold. In the centre is a portrait of His Royal Highness in full naval uniform. An elegantly attired female figure, intended probably to represent Australia, is offering His Royal Highness a chaplet. At her feet are the arms of Australia and a cornucopia, with an anchor and other naval emblems, partially covered by an ensign. The Galatea, firing a salute, is seen in the distance and a sketch of Edinburgh Castle occupies the remaining space in the design. The lithography is by C. Troedel . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Harcourt Lee (composer); William Henderson Glen (publisher); Charles Turner (artist)

Victorian naturalisation index; Public Record Office Victoria (PAYWALL0

Charles Troedel / Printer & Lithographer / Swanston St. Melbourne / Age (on date of naturalization) 32 / Native place: Hamburg Germany / Date of certificate: 19. 3. 69

[News], The Argus (26 June 1869), 5

Last evening a very graceful tribute was paid to Mr. Charles Troedel, the well-known lithographer, on the occasion of his marriage-eve, by his fellow members of the German Liedertafel. Under the leadership of their conductor, Herr Sprinckhorn, the association assembled before Mr. Troedel's residence, in Russell-street, and serenaded him in the good old style of the fatherland. The pieces sung were Spohr's Polterabend or nuptial song, a serenade by Hennerberg, and Schaffer's Liedertafel polka. The effect of the music as sung under the quiet moonlight was very fine, and the group of singers, lit up by the lanterns held by some of the serenaders, was in quaint keeping with the unique character of the ceremony. After the music the serenaders were entertained at Mr. Troedel's residence, and the health of the intending Benedick was proposed in a humorous speech by Dr. Jonasson, the president of the society.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (18 September 1876), 2 

The usual weekly meeting of the Musical Association of Victoria, for election of new members and associates, was held in the German Association's rooms, Nissen's cafe, on Saturday evening. There was a good attendance of trustees and members. Mr. J. Siede was voted to the chair. Mr. Armes Beaumont, the favorite tenor, proposed by Mr. Lundborg, and Mr. Edward King, violinist and orchestral leader, proposed by Mr. J. Siede, were unanimously elected members. Mr. Chas. Troedel, lithographic printer, Collins-street, proposed by Mr. Perraton; and Mr. W. F. Dixon, of Dixon and Co., music warehouse, Elizabeth-street, proposed by Mr. Dumoulin, were also unanimously elected associates . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julius Siede (musician); Edward King (violinist); Armes Beaumont (tenor); John William Lundborg (trombonist); Gustave Dumoulin (violinist); William Perraton (musician); William Frederick Dixon (music seller, ? commission agent)

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1906), 1

TROEDEL. - On the 31st October, at his residence, "Eastcourt," St. Kilda road, Charles, the dearly beloved husband of Julia Troedel, in his 71st year.

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (1 November 1906), 8 

Mr. Charles Troedel, who died yesterday in his 71st year, was one of the oldest pioneer lithographers in the State, having arrived in Victoria in 1860. He commenced business on his own account in 1863 in Collins-street, where the Town Hall now stands. He was the first to produce chrome lithography, tie work being a reproduction of the late N. Chevalier's celebrated paintings of Australian scenery. He was an active member of the German Liedertafel and the Turn Verein in the early days, and later held positions on the Master Printers' Association and the wages boards connected with the trade. He leaves a widow, four sons and two daughters. The interment will take place on Friday at the Melbourne General Cemetery, the cortege leaving the deceased gentleman's residence, St. Kilda-road, at 3 p.m.

Musical editions (cover and/or music lithography): 

Bibliography and resources:

Clive Turnbull, "Troedel, Johannes Theodor Charles (1836-1906)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976) 

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 238-39 (main entry) (DIGITISED)

Charles Troedel, Wikipedia 

TROOD, Thomas (Thomas TROOD; T. TROOD)

Printer, publisher

Born England, 14 August 1797; baptised Bishops Hull, Somerset, 1 January 1799; son of Henry TROOD and Margaret SALTER
Married Anne BRYANT, Bishops Hull, Somerset, England, 29 November 1831
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 January 1839 (per Alfred, from London and Portsmouth, 17 September 1838)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 January 1850, "in the 52nd year of his age" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Baptisms, Bishop's Hull (Independent), Somerset, 1799; UK National Archives, RG4/2054 (PAYWALL)

Thomas, son of Henry & Margaret Trood, Baptised Jan'y 1st 1799 / parish of Hull Bishops / NB Born August 14th 1797

Marriages solemnized in the Parish of Bishops Hull in the County of Somerset in the year 1831; register 1813-37, page 68; Somerset Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 202 / Thomas Trood, Bachelor, of the Parish of Taunton St. Mary Magdalene, and Anne Bryant, Spinster, of this Parish, were married in this Church by Licence, this [29 November 1831] . . .

[News], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (14 December 1838), 2 supplement 

There is a rumour in Sydney, that two printing presses are on their way to the colony, and that one of them is a steam press, under the charge of a gentleman formerly sub-editor of the Record news paper; and the other in charge of Mr. Trood, (brother of Mr. Trood of Sydney), with a view to the establishment of two additional colonial newspapers!

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (18 January 1839), 2 

On Tuesday, the 15th . . .
Same day, the bark Alfred, 716 tons, Flint, master, from London, and Portsmouth 17th Sep., with merchandise and 280 emigrants, shipped by Mr. Marshall. Intermediate Cabin, Mr T. Trood, Mrs. Trood, and two Children . . .

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1850), 3 

On Sunday, the 6th instant, at his late residence, No. 113, King-street, after a protracted illness, Mr. Thomas Trood, printer, in the 52nd year of his age, sincerely regretted by all who knew him.

Publications with songs:

Songs, ballads, and rhymes (Welch, 1841)

Songs, ballads, and rhymes by R. P. W. (Sydney: T. Trood, 1841) (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], Free Press and Commercial Journal [Sydney, NSW] (26 June 1841), 3 

PRICE SIX SHILLINGS, and on Sale at the principal Booksellers in Sydney: - Songs, Ballads, and Rhymes.

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Porter Welch (author, surgeon, also formerly of Taunton, Somerset)

Original pieces (Cunynghame, c. 1842)

[Original pieces, by R. D. C.] (Sydney: Printed by T. Trood, King street, [c. 1842]) (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Drybrough Cunynghame (author)

TRUMAN, Edwin Philip (Edwin Philip TRUMAN; E. P. TRUMAN)

Amateur musician, organist, choral conductor, vocalist

Born England, 1844; baptised Bridgewater, Somerset, 6 October 1844; son of John and Ann TRUMAN
Married (1) Elizabeth Robinson Cranford SMITH, c. 1864
Married (2) Kate Thornton TUBBS (d. VIC, 1877), St. Stephen's church, Hampstead, 13 November 1875
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, c. 1875/76
Departed Melbourne, VIC, c. 1879 (for New Zealand)
Married (3) Sarah Fanny WEYMOUTH, Dunedin, NZ, 12 August 1880
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 1884 (from NZ)
Died Hendon, Middlesex, England, 15 December 1928 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


TRUMAN, Ernest (Ernest Edwin Philip TRUMAN; Ernest TRUMAN)

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Weston-Super-Mare, England, 29 December 1869; son of Edwin Philip TRUMAN and Elizabeth Robinson Cranford SMITH
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, c. 1875/76
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 16 April 1879 (per Tararua, for New Zealand, "Master Ernest Truman", aged "8")
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 1884 (from NZ)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 October 1848 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)



Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Bridgwater in the County of Somerset, in the year 1844; St. Mary's, register, 1852-56, page 79; Somerset Archives (PAYWALL)

No. 631 / Oct. 6 / Edwin Philip Son of / John & Ann / Truman / B'water / Labourer . . .

England census, 1871, Weston Super Mare, Somerset; UK National Archives, RG 10 / 2459 (PAYWALL)

West St. / Edwin Philip Truman / Head / 26 / Fish Poultry & Game Seller / [born] Somerset Bridgwater
Elizabeth R. C. Truman . Wife / 30 / - / Middlesex Islington
Annie / 4 // Nelly / 2 // Ernest P. Truman / 1 . . .

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 September 1876), 1 

HERR COLLIN, Conductor. THE following ladies and gentleman have kindly given their services:
Vocalists: Mdlles Macoboy, Wylie, M. Wilkinson, and lady amateur;
Messrs. M. Macoboy, E. P. Truman, Thos. Ellison, Pallett, S. Brierly, and J. A. Carbines.
Instrumentalists: Miss Kate Anderson - Piano
Herr Collin - Organ and piano
Mr. T. Northcote - Cornet
Mr. J. Tozer - Flautist
VOLUNTEER BAND . . . J. AUGUSTUS CARBINES, Treasurer and Hon Secretary.

ASSOCIATIONS: Leopold Collin (conductor)

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 December 1877), 2 

A general meeting of the Victorian Ironmongers' Association was held at the London Tavern Inst evening; Mr. Kerr in the chair. Mr. G. Palmer was elected treasurer, and Mr. E. P. Truman permanent secretary . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . CLEARED OUT. APRIL 16", The Argus (17 April 1879), 4 

Tararua, s.s., M. Muir, for New Zealand ports, via Hobart Town and Bluff Harbour. Passengers - saloon . . . Mrs. E. P. Truman, Miss A. Truman, Miss Nelly Truman, Master E. Truman . . .

"DUNEDIN CHORAL SOCIETY", Otago Daily Times (21 May 1880), 3 

The annual meeting of the Dunedin Choral Society was held at the Garrison Hall on Tuesday evening . . . The following gentlemen were elected a committee for the ensuing year: - Messrs. E. P. Truman, O. Coote, A. H. Norman, G. Brown, W. A. W. Wathen, F. McCarthy, and T. Iveson. Mr. West was proposed as conductor, but he assured the meeting he would hot be able to act . . .

[News], Evening Star [Dunedin] (27 September 1884), 2 

We understand that the office of organist of St. Matthew's Church will be rendered vacant shortly by the departure of Mr. E. P. Truman to Sydney.

"SACRED CONCERT", Evening News (3 July 1886), 10 

A sacred concert was given in St. Matthias's Church, Paddington, on Friday night by the church choir, assisted by the All Saints' Church choir and several lady and gentlemen amateurs. The church was crowded, and the choir fund, in aid of which the concert was, given, benefits very substantially by the proceeds. Mr. E. P. Truman, jun., presided at the organ, and Mr. Edwin P. Truman discharged the duties of conductor. The programme was long and varied, and the way in which nearly all the items were rendered indicated that no pains had been spared to make the concert a success. The selections in the first portion were more varied than in the two succeeding - Handel, Mozart, Sterndale Bennett, Mendelssohn, Beethoven, and Batiste being placed under contribution. The principal numbers were three selections from Mozart's 12th Mass; a trio, "Lift thine eyes," from Mendelssohn's "Elijah;" the duet "Now we are ambassadors," with the chorus "How lovely are the messengers;" and Beethoven's "Hallelujah Chorus." The second portion consisted of selections from Mendelssohn's "Hymn of Praise," with a violin solo by Herr Francik, with organ accompaniment, and the last part selections from Handel's "Messiah," concluding with the "Hallelujah,"

"CONCERT IN PADDINGTON", Evening News (3 September 1886), 6 

A grand concert, was given last night in St. Matthias's Hall, Paddington, by St. Matthias's Church choir in aid of additions to the organ fund. The choir was assisted by several gentlemen amateurs, and the conductor, Mr. E. P. Truman, officiated on the occasion. The choir gave several part-songs by Rossini, Mueller, Bishop, and Horsley in a manner that showed how carefully they had been trained. The gentlemen amateurs consisted of a double quartette, in which the voices were well balanced, and blended harmoniously. Their best number, perhaps, was "Sleep, thou wild rose" (Abt), but it is difficult to choose where all were good. A piano solo, "Rondo capriccioso" (Mendelssohn), was well played, and Herr Francik was as successful as usual in his violin solo, "Concerto, E minor, op. 64" (Mendelssohn). A number of solos, duets, and a trio, "The hawthorn in the glade" (Sterndale Bennett), were well rendered. Mr. E. P. Truman, jun., acted as accompanist. There was a good attendance.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1888), 7 

A very fine three-manual organ has just arrived by the s.s. Valetta for All Saints' Church, Hunter's Hill, built by Messrs. Bevington and Sons, London, to the specification of Mr. E. P. Truman, the organist of the church. The instrument will be erected in the course of two or three weeks, and will be opened with the performance of Mendelssohn's "Elijah" by a special choir, Mr. Hallewell being specially engaged to sing the prophet's part. Other recitals, it is expected, will follow.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1888), 7 

MR. E. P. TRUMAN and his musical colleagues essayed an ambitious task on Saturday afternoon, when to signalise the opening of the now organ at All Saints' Church, Hunter's Hill, they rendered Mendelsohn's "Elijah" . . . Mr. E. P. Truman conducted. Mr. Ernest Truman presided at the organ, and by his judicious accompaniment successfully displayed the capabilities of the new instrument. The Rev. P. R. S. Bailey and Canon Kemmis assisted at the service. The new organ was built by Bevington and Sons, London, and is valued at £1000. It is a three-manual instrument, having two-and-a-half octaves of pedals, with 20 stops and 6 couplers.

"DEATH OF CITY ORGANIST", The Manning River Times and Advocate for the Northern Coast Districts of New South Wales [Taree, NSW] (30 October 1948), 5 

Major colonial works (Ernest):

Violin concerto, op. 25 (Sydney 1894, full score, 52 p.; also piano score), in manuscript music (15 works/items; at NLA)

Club life (comic opera in 2 acts) (1894; composed by Ernest Truman, words by A. B. Paterson) (rough MS for chorus practice, copied by W. J. Banks) 

Mass in D minor, op. 42, for chorus and orchestra (1899; photocopy of MS full score) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme Rushworth, Historic organs of New South Wales (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1988), 221 (Edwin), 397-98 (main entry)

G. D. Rushworth, "Truman, Ernest Edwin Philip (1869-1948)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Graeme Skinner, "Ernest Truman", Dictionary of Sydney

Ernest Truman, Wikipedia 

TUCKER, Edward (John Josephus TUCKER; "Edward"; Mr. TUCKER; Edward TUCKER; Mr. J. TUCKER)

Violinist, orchestra leader

Born Brighton, Sussex, England; baptised Brighton, 5 May 1824, son of John TUCKER (1792-1861) and Frances (Fanny) SQUIRE (1793-1863)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1852 (per Statesman, from Gravesend, 22 June 1852, and Portsmouth, 28 June)
Active Melbourne, VIC, Sydney and Maitland, NSW, 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 25/26 May 1856 (per Royal Charter, for Liverpool)
Married Elizabeth Coley KING (1829-1908), Hove, Sussex, England, 6 September 1856
Died Hove, Sussex, England, 17 July 1866, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Tucker had been in business with his father in Brighton, Sussex, as music sellers when, in June 1852, he joined a large party of emigrants from the town bound for Melbourne and the "diggings".

A musical friend who arrived on the same ship was Alfred Chate, and other musical colleagues from Brighton included Bream Thom and Charles Thatcher.

Tucker and Thatcher had reportedly been performing at a cider cellar (probably the Melbourne Coal Hole) in January, and by March both were playing in John Winterbottom's band for the former London entrepreneur James Ellis.

In Sydney with Winterbottom's band in May 1853, if not earlier, he began appearing as "Edward Tucker". In Maitland in June, Winterbottom billed him as "Principal Violin, Royal Italian Opera". Following a successful performance of Paganini's Carnival of Venice in Maitland, Winterbottom also billed him as "The Australian Paganini".

After visiting Bendigo with Winterbottom early in 1854, Tucker appears to have settled there. His last major engagement there, in February and March 1856, was as leader of the band for a season at Henry Coleman's Criterion Theatre, for which Sara Flower and Lola Montez were among the principal attractions.

After a Bendigo farewell benefit ball in May he sailed from Melbourne for England at the end of the month.

On arrival home in Sussex in September 1856, he married Elizbeth King.

Tucker died at Hove, aged 42, in 1866.

Documentation (England):

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (26 September 1850),

. . . Grand matinee musicale (Vocal and Instrumental), THE TOWN HALL, BRIGHTON, September 30, commencing at Two o'clock. The Performance will be brought forward with a view to introduce MASTER HEINRICH WERNER, A Youthful Prodigy, not yet ten years old, from Saxony, to the notice of the higher circles, who . . . have not yet had an opportunity of witnessing the extraordinary performance on the Grand Piano Forte of this gifted child . . .
Mr. AP THOMAS, the celebrated Harpist.
Herr KOENIG, Band Master 8th Royal Irish Hussars, and French Horn Solo.
Mr. JOHN TUCKER, Principal Violin.
Mr. NIBBS, Sen., Contra-Basso.
Director and Pianist, MR. KIRCHNER . . .

English census, 30 March 1851; Sussex, Brighthelmstone, The Palace; UK National Archives, HO 107/1646 (PAYWALL)

89 Western Road / John Tucker / Head / 59 / Music seller / [born] Penryn Cornwall
Fanny [Tucker] / Wife / 57 / - / Grt. Torrington Devon
Mary F. H. [Tucker] / Dau. / 34 / Professor of the Piano Forte / Maidstone Kent
John J. / [Tucker] / Son / 26 / Music Seller / Brighton Sussex . . .

[Advertisement], Brighton Gazette (25 September 1851), 4

A PARAGRAPH appeared in the Brighton Guardian of Wednesday, the 17th inst., headed thus - "Look to year recommendations," - complaining that Proprietors of Music Establishments in this town have adopted a system, unfair alike to pupils and artists, i. e., of demanding a fee of one guinea from the latter for each recommendation. We, the undersigned Music Sellers, beg to inform the Visitors and Inhabitants of Brighton that we never have, or ever shall, countenance such a contemptible system. (Signed) ALEXANDER McCARROLL, CRAMER and Co., LUDWIG LAUBER, ROBERT DARLING, W. H. NEIBOUR, J. TUCKER, J. TUCKER. Jun., Sept. 22, 1851.

"EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 June 1852), 7

The news from the "diggings" continues to be encouraging, and numbers are about to quit this town for the Australian colony. Some fifty or more purpose leaving Brighton this morning, to embark on board the "Statesman," which was towed down the Thames to Gravesend on Saturday afternoon, from which place she sailed on Tuesday afternoon for Portsmouth, and is intended to leave the latter place to-morrow. Among those who are either going or gone, are Mr. Mussell, North Street, and his son George; Mr. Wight, the landlord of the Regent Hotel; Mr. Thom (musician) and wife . . . Mr. Tucker, jun., musician . . . Mr. J. Bambridge, musician . . . Mr. Alfred Chate, tailor [also a musician] . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Bream Thom (violinist); Alfred Chate (musician)

"NEWS FROM THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (24 March 1853), 3

By the ship "Sydney," which arrived from Australia towards the close of last week, a great number of letters from emigrants was received . . . Upon the whole, they are of an unfavourable character . . . Subjoined is a list of those who have received letters: . . .
Mr. Tucker, music seller, Western Road . . .

"THE BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS TO AUSTRALIA", The Brighton gazette [England] (2 June 1853), 5

In another part of the paper will found extracts from letter with which we have been favoured by the parents or friends of those who have emigrated to that land of promise, the gold fields of Australia. We say favoured, because many of those who receive letters from their relatives abroad do not wish to appear desirous of parading their names before the public. The publication of these letters, however, is actually a boon to the public, because they are characterised by a truthfulness unmistakeable, and must have weight with those who have thoughts of emigrating. Many who have received letters by the "Sarah Sands" are most averse to seeing them in print.

Our readers may gather from the letters which we publish to-day that the gold diggings continue to be perfect lottery, but that the odds are completely against the emigrants with few exceptions, such as carpenters, bricklayers, and persons employed in building. How many a clerk who left a comfortable home to seek his fortune in Australia, bitterly repents the hour when he made up his mind to leave his native land. But even now we believe that hale, hearty and sinuous persons are capable of realising a good living in Australia; it is the hardy sons of toil who are most likely to enrich themselves. All accounts agree in the fact that murder and rapine stalk that country unmolested; and a singular instance of bare-faced robbery and violence is given in the letter of Mr. Godden.

It is, perhaps, rather remarkable that not one of the Brighton party appears to have been successful at the diggings. Some have laboured hard, whilst others have scarcely put a spade into the ground, when they have either given up in despair or become disgusted with the scenes around them, and returned to Melbourne almost penniless. Mr. Hamblin, head cook at the Bedford Hotel, has received letter from his brother, who left good situation to go out to Tahiti; but having the gold fever must needs try his luck at the diggings. He failed, as many hundreds have done besides, and has written to say that he is now returning to Tahiti, where has a brother in business. Three companions who went out in the same ship with him had £35 each, when they landed in Australia; and they were soon reduced almost to beggary.

Mr. Thatcher's son has sent a letter to his parents, on the King's Road, giving a very discouraging account of the country, more especially of the state of society. This letter is fully corroborated in that respect by another received from the son of Mr. Evans, green grocer and fruiterer, Western Road. Among other letters received here, we learn that Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, and Mr. Alfred Chate, son of Mr. Chate, Bedford Place, are playing at promenade concerts, the former as leader, at £5 5s. a week, the latter, at £4 4s. We believe that Thatcher's son is also with them, deriving a similar emolument from music. Mr. Bryer, the dancing master, is in Melbourne, under the assumed name of Jones; and Mr. John Fleeson has taken the name of Fortune . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Thatcher (flautist, vocalist)

"THE GOLD DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette (2 June 1853), 7

Extract of a letter to Mr. Pointer, of the Windmill Inn . . .
Port Phillip, Melbourne, Jan. 23d, 1853.
My dear friend, . . . I am now staying at Melbourne . . .
Thatcher and Tucker are playing at a sort of cider cellar, and get 30s. per night . . .
Your sincere friend, ALBERT GOODEN.

"LETTER FROM A BRIGHTON EMIGRANT", Brighton Gazette (6 October 1853), 7

I beg to forward, per Mr. Alfred Martin, a few incidents respecting Brighton friends and the colony, according to a promise made to several people at Brighton before leaving.
John Tucker has gone to Sydney, to play at the concerts.
Alfred Chate ditto ditto.
Henry Edwards (King's Road) ditto
Stephen Cotterill ditto to assist ditto . . .
Your obedient servant, CHARLES R. THATCHER.

"THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (3 November 1853), 7

A great number of letters from Brighton emigrants have lately been received here their friends . . . Mr. Henry Chate, tailor, has received a letter from his son. It appears that he has been with Winterbottom's musical corps in Sydney; and has done pretty well. They have latterly returned to Melbourne. Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, is the leader. He is called at Melbourne the English Paganini. Mr. Thom, who also went from Brighton, is engaged at the Theatre in Geelong. He leads the orchestra, and Mrs. Thom is engaged as an actress. Mrs. Thom took her benefit the Theatre, on July 16th, when nearly £100 was taken at the doors. Mr. Thom took his benefit the next night, and £107 was taken. The performances were Guy Mannering and a Concert. Many of our readers will doubtless remember Mr. Creed Royal, an excellent flute player. He is engaged in the same orchestra as Mr. Thom.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Winterbottom (conductor); Eliza Thom (actor); Creed Royal (pianist)

"LETTERS FROM BRIGHTON EMIGRANTS IN AUSTRALIA", Brighton Gazette (26 January 1854), 7

We copy from our Tuesday's contemporary the following extracts from letter just received in Brighton. The name of the writer is not given; but many of our readers will have no difficulty in recognising in the letter a communication from Mr. Thomas Mussell, many years a chemist and druggist in North Street. The letter is dated "Barker's Creek, Mount Alexander, September 3rd, 1853." . . .
During the time I was in Melbourne I saw Mrs. Streeter (she was not looking well), Mr. Streeter had not then arrived; also Nye, the two Lamberts, Pepper, Chate, and Tucker (poor, good-natured Tucker had been very ill, but was then much better; by all account would have died had not his friend Chate stuck to him like a trump; but I suppose you have heard all this) . . .

"THE LATE CONCERT OF THE SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Brighton Gazette (9 October 1856), 5

We regret find that the late concert got up by this Society for the laudable purpose of adding something to the fund raising for the benefit of the sufferers from the late gale, has turned out failure, and that the originators are minus by the affair £5 19s 6d. It has been stated that the professional assistance was gratuitous, but, with exception of Mr. Cutteridge and Mr. Tucker, jun., this is incorrect; the whole of the others having to paid . . .

"THE PAVILION BAND", Brighton Gazette (9 October 1856), 5

. . . with regard to the attacks that have been made upon the managers of the Pavilion band from time to time . . . we are sorry to observe our Tuesday's contemporary following the footsteps of a print to which it is diametrically opposed in all that concerns the interests of the town. What could have induced the Examiner to put in such article on Tuesday respecting the Pavilion Band, are at a loss to conceive. To say that "they are merely respectable players, men of mediocrity, not competent to deal satisfactorily with operatic and other classical music," is nothing more nor less than a libel upon their reputation, and can have been introduced only to gratify the spleen of some private individual. Both Nibbs and his son, especially the latter, have been in the habit of performing the most classical music with the most classical performers of the day, and to designate them as mere quadrille players, is perfect absurdity and an insult to their talent. Then again, we have Thom, Mr. Lowe (who is also excellent pianist well as a violin player), Mr. Tucker, and Mr. Morris (the latter having performed in the orchestra of Her Majesty's Theatre and elsewhere), and to say that they are mere quadrille players is ridiculous . . . The selection of music during the past week has comprised some of the finest classical compositions, varied by some lighter productions of much taste and elegance, such, we should think, as to satisfy the most fastidious musical critic . . .

"DEATHS", Brighton Gazette (26 July 1866), 8

On the 17th inst., at 3, Lansdowne Square, Hove, John Josephus Tucker, only son of the late John Tucker, Esq., of Cambridge Road, Hove, aged 42.

Documentation (Australia):

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT. Circus, top of Bourke-street, east.
MR. JAMES ELLIS, late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., of London, and promoter of these popular Concerts in Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr. Winterbottom, has the honor to announce . . . that his BENEFIT is fixed as above, on which occasion will be given a
GRAND MONSTER CONCERT, Supported by nearly One Hundred Performers . . .
Principal Vocalists - Mrs. Harriet Fiddes, Mrs. Hancock, Miss Lewis, Mr. Gregg, Mr. C. Walsh, Mr. Hancock.
Principal Instrumentalist - Mr. Hartigan, ophecleide, Mr. Johnson, clarionet, Mr. Thatcher, flute, Mr. Tucker, violin, Herr Elze, contra-basso, Signor Maffei, cornet-a-piston, Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: James Ellis (manager); John Winterbottom (conductor); Harriet Fiddes (contralto vocalist); Mary Ellen Hancock (soprano vocalist); Annie Lewis (vocalist); John Gregg (bass vocalist); Charles Walsh (vocalist); Edward Hancock (bass vocalist); Joseph Hartigan (ophicleide, 40th Regiment); Henry Johnson (clarinet, master of the band of the 40th Regiment); Charles Thatcher (flute); Herr Elze/Ellyer (double bass); Joseph Maffei (cornet)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. GRAND PROMENADE CONCERTS a la JULLIEN, open for the first time on MONDAY next, April 25, for one month only, WINTERBOTTOM'S BAND OF THIRTY PERFORMERS . . .
The immense success attending these Concerts in Melbourne enabled Mr. Winterbottom to extend his season over a period of one hundred nights.
Mr. Winterbottom and Mr. Henry Marsh in conjunction respectfully solicit the patronage of the gentry and public.
VOCALIST. Mr. Gregg, primo basso, from the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
SOLO INSTRUMENTALISTS. Pianoforte. Mr. Henry Marsh.
Bassoon - M. Winterbottom.
Violin - M. Tucker
Contra Basso - Herr Ellyer
Flute - Richardson
Saxhorn - M. Stople Evans
CORNET-A-PISTON - M. Henri Durant.
CONDUCTOR - M. Winterbottom . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1853), 2 

Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General and suite, his Excellency the Governor of Singapore, and a numerous and fashionable audience, including the leading families in Sydney, honoured Mr. Winterbottom by their attendance at the Royal Hotel. The bassoon solo of Mr. Winterbottom; that on the cornet-a-piston, by Mr. Durant; on the violin, by Mr. E. Tucker; and on the sax horn by Mr. Evans, were eminently successful, and elicited warm encores.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Marsh (pianist); John James Mallcott Richardson (flute); Frederick Evans Sloper (saxhorn); Henri Durant (cornet)

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1853), 1

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERTS. - Winterbottom's Band, 30 performers. Mr. John Gregg - Simon the Cellarer. EVERY EVENING. Stalls, half a-crown. Promenade, one shilling.

ROYAL HOTEL. MR. HENRY MARSH has the honour to announce . . . a Grand Evening Concert, under the immediate patronage of his Excellency the Governor-General, and the Hon. Mrs. Keith Stewart . . . Vocalists: Mrs. Fiddes (late Miss H. Cawse), Miss Harris, Mrs. Allen, and Mr. John Gregg, the celebrated Basso.
Instrumentalists: Bassoon - M. Winterbottom
Pianoforte (Pianiste to the Duchess of Gloucester) - M. Coleman Jacobs
Cornet a Piston - M. H. Durant
Sax Horn - M. Evans Sloper
Violin - M. Edward Tucker
Flute - M. Bailey.
In addition to Winterbottom's unrivalled Band, the splendid Band of the XI Regiment, by the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield, will attend . . .
Manager - M. Nugent Varley.

ASSOCIATIONS: Flora Harris (soprano vocalist); Francesca Allen (soprano vocalist); Coleman Jacobs (solo pianist); Edward Baly (flute); Nugent Varley (manager)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1853), 3

Mr. JOHN GREGG - The renowned Vocalist.
Violin - Mr. EDWARD TUCKER, the Australian Paganini . . .

"WINTERBOTTOM'S PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (11 June 1853), 2 

On Wednesday evening, the first of these concerts (in Maitland) was given at the Northumberland Hotel, the long room of which was crowded to excess, several persons indeed being refused admission; although the dimensions of the room prevented any possibility of leaving space for promenading. The performers, numbered eight, besides Mr. Gregg, the bass singer. Perhaps no performance ever took place in Maitland, that yielded more universal satisfaction than this concert, judging from what we heard. Each of the four principal performers, Mr. Winterbottom on the bassoon, Mr. Durant on the cornet-a-piston, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Edward Tucker on the violin, were encored in more than one of their solos, and in each case, a new and brilliant piece of music or song was substituted. On Thursday evening Mr. Winterbottom and his fellow musicians gave a concert in the court-house, East Maitland . . . We are glad to find that the excellent attendance at their concerts in this district, for their Newcastle concert was also a decided success - has induoed Mr. Winterbottom and his brother musicians to give an extended series. Last evening they performed again at the Northumberland; and this evening (Saturday) they perform at the Northumberland Circus, West Maitland. On Monday they perform at Newcastle; on Tuesday at Raymond Terrace; on Wednesday morning at the court-house, East Maitland; on Wednesday evening at the Northumberland Hotel Circus, West Maitland; on Thursday at Morpeth; and on Friday and Saturday, the 17th and 18th, at the Northumberland Circus, West Maitland.

"EPITOME OF HUNTER RIVER DISTRICT. NEWS (From our Correspondent) . . . CONCERT", Empire (13 June 1853), 3

Mr. Winterbottom's band gave a concert at the Northumberland Hotel, West Maitland, on Wednesday last. The music was tastefully selected, and ran, as is the custom at instrumental ooncerts, from grave to gay, from lively to pathetic. There was rather too much of the lively in it, however, according to our taste. We must plead guilty to the charge of disliking polkas; they are monstrously noisy. We would rather hear one of Haydn's andante movements, or one of Beethoven's sublime symphonies, than all the polkas in the world. The pieces selected for the occasion were well played. The solos were especially fine; Paganini's Carnival di Venise, as played by Mr. Tucker, was a masterpiece of execution; and, if the voice of the artist's violin, especially on the silver string, had been equal to the artist's ability, the very soul of the music would have been visible to the eye within . . .

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2 

July 2. - New Orleans, steamer, 300 tons, Captain Wilson, for Melbourne. Passengers - . . . Mr. Freshney, E. Tucker, Mr. Winterbottom, Messrs. Gregg, Durant, H. Elwood, B. Ellemere, H. Edwards, J. Beattie, and 27 in the steerage.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (7 July 1853), 2 

July 6. - New Orleans . . .

"MELBOURNE THURSDAY CONCERTS", The Argus (9 September 1853), 5

M. Winterbottom, the conductor of these old-established concerts, laid before the public a very tolerable programme for last night, but we were sorry to observe that the attendance was limited. The vocalists, Miss Lewis and Mr. John Gregg, were well received. A solo on the violin, by Mr. Tucker, was given with considerable effect, and drew forth warm applause from the listeners.

"MISS SMITH'S CONCERT", The Banner [Melbourne, VIC] (23 September 1853), 10 

One of the best concerts we have ever had the pleasure of attending in Melbourne took place at the Mechanics' Institution, on Monday, for the benefit, and under the direction, of Miss E. Smith . . . A solo on the violin, by Mr. Tucker, was quite a chef-d'oeuvre; the chords were brought out with exquisite effect, and the whole performers [sic] gave certain evidence of a perfect mastery of the instrument . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Emilie Smith (solo pianist)

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. BENDIGO LYCEUM", South Australian Free Press (11 March 1854), 10 

Messrs. Yates and Gregg, who first had the management of the Bendigo Theatre, have brought up Mr. Winterbottom and his celebrated band for the purpose of establishing Promenade Concerts a la Jullien, on the Bendigo, or, all events, of treating the public here to some good music. They have taken the circular tent formerly known as the Casino, and have rechristened it as above. The Lyceum opened for the first time on Saturday night . . . The concert commenced with the Overture to the "Italian in Algiers," performed in a very spirited style, which was followed by D'Albert's brilliant Heidelberg Quadrille, with solos for the cornet-a-piston by Mr. Winterbottom, and the flageolet by Mr. M. W. Sayer, capitally performed . . . Mr. Tucker's solo, "Carnival of Venice," on the violin, was a very superior performance, and proved that fame had not overrated this gentleman's talent as a violinist . . .

"DUELLING EXTRAORDINARY", The Argus (18 June 1855), 6 

Since the days when a certain eccentric gentleman of the press was concerned in a duel with an actor in Sandhurst, we have had no excitement in that way to speak of. Rumor, however, states that yesterday morning another of these extraordinary affairs, in which a couple of fools are made the laughing stock of fun-seeking friends, came off at the Back Creek. The parties were Messrs. Tucker and Morgan, musicians, who, it is said, quarrelled over a bagatelle board, and agreed to settle their bagatelle quarrel by deadly arbitrament. The persons who kindly officiated on the occasion were Messrs. Gregg, Rosenstein, and Minor. After a few shots were exchanged, Tucker fell; and the others thinking that the affair had come to a serious termination, turned and fairly bolted. One of them was seen rushing in hot haste to the residence of a doctor, perspiration pouring down his face with physical exertion and mental excitement combined. Dr. Kranz was sent to the place, but his exertions to find the wounded man were unavailing, for he, too, it appeared, had got up and gone away. The fact was that the pistols were loaded merely with powder, - a secret to most of the parties. Last evening all of them were apprehended and brought before Mr. McLachlan, who read them a lecture and let them go.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1856), 3 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE, MUNDY-STREET . . . GRAND OPENING NIGHT! Of the Season! On Tuesday, February 26th, 1856 . . . An Efficient Orchestra has been engaged, under the leadership of Mr. Tucker, late of Jullien's and Winterbottom's Concerts . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Coleman (actor, manager)

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (13 March 1856), 1 

COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE, MUNDY-STREET . . . First time on the Goldfields, Bellini's GRAND OPERA OF NORMA. THURSDAY, 13th MARCH, 1850 . . . Norma - Madame C. Cailly, Adalgisa - Madame Sara Flower, Pollio - Mons. Barre, Oroviso - Mons. Coulon . . . Leader, Mr. Tucker; Pianist, Mr. Linden . . . S. T. HOWARD, Stage Manager.

ASSOCIATIONS: Clarisse Cailly (soprano vocalist); Sara Flower (contralto vocalist); Anthony Barre (tenor vocalist); Emile Coulon (bass vocalist); Otto Linden (pianist); Sam Howard (stage manager)

"COLEMAN'S CRITERION THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 March 1856), 3 

. . . In being called before the curtain after the piece was over, she [Lola Montez] returned thanks to the audience for their favors and stated that as Mr. Linden, the pianist, had not thought himself competent to play the music of the Spider Dance, Mrs. Gill had kindly volunteered to play it. She begged to return her thanks to Mr. Tucker and the orchestra for the trouble they had taken to master what was a very difficult piece of music. It appears that the reason of Mr. Linden's declining to preside at the pianoforte was the implied censure of Madame Lola Montes upon the orchestra on the preceding night.

ASSOCIATIONS: Lola Montez (dancer, actor)

"MR. J. TUCKER'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 May 1856), 3 

We beg to direct attention to the advertisement in another column, by which, it will be seen that a grand bull will be given at the Union Concert Hall, on the occasion of the benefit of Mr. J. Tucker, who is about to depart from Bendigo. Mr. Tucker is an old Bendigonian himself. His first appearance here was in Mr. Winterbottom's band. He is a reminiscence of Camp-street and the good old times. When the miners dug in the immediate vicinity of the town, and nightly crowded the "Royal," Mr. Tucker led the orchestra there. Most will remember the brilliant violinist at the Lyceum. Many an old face has left the place, and the glorious old times have rolled away, and now Mr. Tucker yearns for the "old house at home," and asks the Bendigonians to rally round him to-morrow night, and cheer him on his homeward road. He is an old favorite, and will, we are sure, be well supported, and have a benefit in every sense of the word.


Chinese theatre proprietor, ? musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861 (shareable link to this entry)


"EASTERN POLICE COURT. Police v Tuck Sin.", The Star (12 February 1861), 4

This was a complaint against the defendant for keeping the Chinese Theatre, on Golden Point, open for disorderly entertainments until a late hour in the morning. Constable Hunt deposed that the Theatre was open between 12 and one o'clock on the morning of the 8th, and the usual music in the interior of the building was accompanied by the ding dong of a large gong, the sounds from which were loud and discordant. Senior Constable Boyle deposed that on either Thursday or Friday night the theatre was open until one o'clock in the morning. Mr. Hamlin, who resides in the locality of the theatre, deposed that there was no living in the locality with the noises made by the persons connected with the theatre. On Saturday night, or rather Sunday morning, they were beating their gongs at twenty minutes past twelve o'clock. Mr. Sub-inspector Dowling presented a petition to the Bench, signed by 24 residents in the locality, complaining of the noise made by the celestials.

TUOHY, Mary (Mary TUOHY; Mrs. George William WORGAN; Mrs. James BOLAND)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Maria Hinckesman)

Born Ireland, c. 1825/27; daughter of Anthony TUOHY (d. 1854) and Bridget MULVIHILL (d. 1853)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1840 (per Adam Lodge, aged 14)
Married (1) George William WORGAN, Sydney, NSW, 1847
Departed Sydney, NSW, 18 March 1851 (per Alert, for San Francisco)
Married (2) James BOLAND, San Francisco, c. 1853
Died San Francisco, California, 30 July 1870, aged "43" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TUOHY, Masters (the Masters TUOHY; ? Peter and Anthony TUOHY)

Boy soprano vocalists

Peter born Woodford, Clonfert, Ireland, c. 1831 (Peter)
Anthony born Woodford, Clonfert, Ireland, 11 June 1835; d. San Francisco, USA, 22 January 1923
Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1840 (per Adam Lodge) (shareable link to this entry)


Mary Tuohy arrived in Sydney in 1840 as an Irish assisted immigrant with her parents, Anthony Tuohy (d. 1854) and Bridget Mulvihill (d. 1853), and siblings. Her father first went into business as a grocer in Phillip-street, and later, from August 1845, as licensee of the Lemon Tree hotel, also in Phillip-street.

The family were active Catholics. Mary, and perhaps also her brothers, probably sang in the choir of St. Mary's cathedral from soon after their arrival, and the boys, Peter and Anthony, were prize winning students at St. Mary's seminary, where Peter was in the same class as Henry Curtis and John Meillon.

Mary Tuohy and her brothers were among the sopranos and trebles at Isaac Nathan's concerts in October 1841 and May 1842. Mary made her solo debut at her teacher Maria Hinckesman's concert in May 1845 singing Balfe's The light of other days. She gave her own concert in July, though no program or detailed later notices appeared.

In Sydney in 1847 she married George William Worgan.


Register of births and baptisms, Woodford Parish (RC), Clonfert; National Library of Ireland (DIGITISED)

[1835] June 11 / N. B[apt]. 14 / Antoninus Tuohy F[ilius] Anto. & Brigidae Mulvihil, [sponsore] Pat. Tuohy & Maria Fahy

Assisted immigrant passengers lists, Adam Lodge, February 1840; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

Anthony Tuohey / . . . / A Native of Limerick Son of Jno. Tanner of same place and Mary his wife there / labourer / 35 years
Bridget Tuohey / A Native of same place as husband D'r of Wm. Mulvihill, and Mary his wife there / Farm Servant / 35 years
Children : Pat. 17 / Jn. 11 / Peter 9 / Anthony 4 1/2 / Mary 14

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 October 1841), 1

PROGRAMME of Mr. NATHAN'S Grand Vocal and Instrumental
CONCERT (first of the series), to take place on Wednesday, the 27th of October, 1841.
Sopranos and Trebles: The Misses Nathan, Miss Pettingell, Miss F. Pettingell,
Miss Strickland, Mrs. Cook, Miss Jones, Miss Mears, Miss Lynch, Mliss White,
Miss Tuohy, Miss Donnelly, Miss Thomson, Miss Dolan,
Master Tuohy, Master Reilly, Master Allen, and Master Temple Nathan . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

Having been kindly granted for this occasion to MR. NATHAN,
On FRIDAY Evening, 27th May, 1842. THE Overtures and the whole of the Music, expressly arranged for full Orchestra (which, by the politeness of COLONEL FRENCH, will include the BAND of the 28th Regiment) by Mr. Nathan.
SOPRANOS AND TREBLES - Madame Gautrot, a Young Lady (whose friends have favoured Mr. Nathan by permitting her to sing in public on this occasion only), the Misses Nathan. Miss F. Pettingell, the .Misses Sullivan, Miss Ellison, Miss Jones, Miss Mears, Miss Lynch, Miss Riley,
Miss Tuohy, Miss Cochlen, Miss Riely, Master Allen, Master Richards, Master Riley,
Masters Tuohy, Master Nathan, and the Masters Weavers . . .

"ST. MARY'S SEMINARY", The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (23 December 1843), 331 

The annual examination of this School took place in the Hall of the Institution, on the 20th and 21st instant, before the Most Reverend the Archbishop, Mr. President Bourgeois, and Professors Hallinan and Clarke, and several of the clergy. The following young gentlemen received prizes . . . For General Merit: S. Sheehy, H. Curtis, Peter Tuohy, J. Mellion, F. Girard, and Ed. Scarville . . .

"ST. MARY'S SEMINARY", Morning Chronicle (21 December 1844), 2 

The annual examination of the students of the above establishment took place on the 18th and 19th inst., before the Most Rev. Dr. Polding, R. Rev. Dr. Pompallier, the Bishop of New Zealand, the Rev. Mr. Bourgeois, the Rev. Mr. McEncroe, Rev. Mr. Hallinan, and other gentlemen, and a numerous assembly of the friends and relatives of the pupils. EXAMINATIONS. DISTINGUISHED IN GREEK. First Class - Master Peter Tuohy; next in merit, Henry Curtis, Francis Gerard . . .
IN CATECHISM. First Class - P. Tuohy, D. Connor; Second Class . . . J. Riley, A. Tuohy, Alphonse Gerard . . .

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET STREET. (Under distinguished Patronage.)
MISS HINCKESMANN RESPECTFULLY informs her Friends and the Public, that she intends giving a
GRAND EVENING CONCERT Of Vocal and Instrumental Music at the above Theatre,
ON FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1845. The following talented Performers have most kindly promised their valuable assistance:
MISS TUOHY, (Pupil of Miss Hinckesmann, her first appearance);
Leader, MR. GIBBS - Conductor, MR. JOHNSON, (Organist of St. James's.) . . .
First Part . . . 4 - Glee, "The Wreath," Miss Tuohy, Mrs. Jervis, and Mr. Waller - J. Mazzinghi . . .
Second Part . . . 5 - Ballad, "The Light of other Days," Miss Tuohy - Balfe . . .
** Tickets . . . To be had of . . . Mr. Tuohy, Grocer, 97, Phillip-Street.

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 June 1845), 3

A GRAND EVENING CONCERT, under the immediate Patronage of
ON WEDNESDAY, JULY 2, 1845. The Vocal Performers of the Victoria Theatre, including the Messrs. Howson, are engaged for the occasion.
Tickets - Dress Circle, 5s.; Upper Circle, 2s 6d.; Pit, 1s; Gallery, 6d.; to be had of
Mr. Tuohy,97, Phillip Street; Mr. Aldis, George-Street; and Mr. Ellard, Music Seller, George-Street.

"MUSIC", The Australian (1 July 1845), 3

Miss Tuohy, pupil of Miss Hinckesmann, gives a Concert to-morrow evening at the Victoria Theatre, under distinguished patronage -that of Sir Maurice O'Connell and Sir Everard Home. All the available talent of Sydney is secured; so that we confidently expect an agreeable entertainment. Miss Tuohy herself has had the advantage of a highly talented instructress.

"CONCERT", The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (5 July 1845), 10 

An evening concert was given at the Victoria Theatre on Wednesday last, by Miss Hinckesman, for the benefit of one of her pupils, Miss Tuohy, on which occasion nearly all the available musical talent in Sydney was engaged, and the result was that the whole (with one or two slight exceptions) gave general satisfaction. The audience, although not so numerous as could have been wished, was respectable.

"EDUCATION. ST. MARY'S SEMINARY", Morning Chronicle (20 December 1845), 2 

On Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday last the examination of the students attending the above Seminary, preparatory to the Christmas vacation, was held in the hall of the institution, by his Grace the Archbishop, the Right Rev. Dr. Pompallier, the clergy, and several gentlemen of classical and literary attainments . . . We were particularly pleased with a very little boy, Master Anthony Tuohy, who delivered a poeticall address with great correctness and feeling, and in a manner which called forth warm plaudits from the audience . . . [various first prizes to] . . . Master P. Tuohy . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1845), 3 

HANDEL'S ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH, with Mozart's additional accompaniments . . .
PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS - Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Stirling, Mrs. Gibbs, Madame Carandini, Mrs. Wallace, Miss Hincksman,
Miss Touley [Tuohy], Mr. Howson, Mr. J. Howson, Mr. Waller, Signor Carandini, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Griffiths, Mr. Salter, &c., &c., assisted by a large and efficient chorus . . .

"ST. MARY'S SEMINARY", The Australian (19 December 1846), 3 

The annual examination of the Students of St. Mary's Seminary took place, on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday last. The Very Reverend Dr. Gregory presided, and most of the Roman Catholic Clergy were present. The undermentioned prizes were awarded . . . For the most correct answers in the first class of Greek, Logic, Conic Sections, Trigonometry, Algebra, Geometry, Mechanics, Pneumatics, and History, Master P. Tuohy . . .

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1850), 3 

BIRTH. At Woolloomooloo, on Sunday, December 30, Mrs. George William Worgan, of a daughter.

Roll of the electors for the electoral district of Sydney, in Cook Ward, for the year 1850-51, 14 May 1850; State Records Authority of NSW (PAYWALL)

684 / Worgan George William / dwelling house / Crown-street

"Police Office. Wednesday, February 12 . . . FAMILY DIFFERENCES", Empire (13 February 1851), 3 

Mr. George William Worgan appeared on summons, for neglecting to comply with an order of the Bench, dated 26th August, 1850, at which hearing he was ordered to pay a weekly sum of 15s. for the support of his deserted wife. Mr. Little, who appeared for the defendant, satisfied their worships by the most palpable testimony, that since the making of the order, the parties had been living together as man and wife, therefore, he contended, the complaint was completely absurd. The Bench, after alluding to the unsettled state of the law upon this particular, refused to make an order. Mr. O'Reilly, who had been retained for the prosecution, upon hearing this decision, shook his mane, and winked at Paddy Driscoll.

"MAINTENANCE TO A WIFE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1851), 2 

In the month of August last, Mrs. Worgan, wife of George William Worgan, of William-street, musician, complained to the Bench of Magistrates that her husband had deserted her, and although well able to afford her a maintenance had neglected or refused to do so. A summons was accordingly issued against Worgan; and after hearing the case, an order was made for the payment to Inspector Pearce of 15s. per week. Yesterday Worgan appeared before Mr. Dowling, on summons, for having failed to comply with the order made in the matter, the sum of £18 4s. 6d. being now due. Mr. O'Reilly conducted the case for the complainant, and Mr. Little for the defence. The witnesses for the prosecution proved the making of the order by the justices, and that no payment whatever had been yet made. Mr. Little, for the defendant, said, that subsequent to the making of the order the parties had been living together as man and wife, and submitted that the order of the magistrates was thereby rendered a nullity, and that the only course now open to Mrs. Worgan was to make application to the Court for a fresh order. He called upon Mr. Smith, who deposed that he resided near to the defendant, and that since the date of the order he had been six or eight times in defendant's house, and saw Mrs. Worgan there; he saw her there on each occasion, the motive which induced him to go there being merely to protect her from his brutality; he had frequently during that period allowed Mrs. Worgan temporary shelter in his house; on leaving it she returned to the defendant. Mr. Dowling then declined making any order in the case.

"SEPARATE MAINTENANCE", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (15 February 1851), 3 

Some months since, a Mrs. Worgan the wife of Mr. Worgan, organist, applied to the Bench against her husband, of whom she complained that he had deserted her, and refused her maintenance, although he was in circumstances to do so. A summons was granted, and on the case being called on, an order was made for the payment of the sum of 15s. per week to Mr. Inspector Pearce. On Wednesday. Mr. Worgan appeared before the Police Magistrate on summons, for having failed to make any payment according to the order, upwards of eighteen pounds being now due - in defence it was argued that since the decision the parties had lived together, and that it was necessary that the case should be brought on again and a fresh order made. Evidence having been produced to corroborate this statement, his Worship refused to make any order in the case.

"THE DISCORDION", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 February 1851), 2

This new musical instrument, which is found in a vast number of Sydney families, is the invention, we believe, of that celebrated musician, Mr. George William Worgan, who keeps one continually in his own house. Mrs. W. and himself are much used to play duetts upon it; and, at times, he does the fortissimo to such an extent that she is compelled to rush into the cottage of her next door neighbour, Mr. William Richard Smith, to get the din out of her ears. About six months ago she invited the George-street authorities to join in the family concert; they politely accepted her offer, and ordered Mr. Worgan to give her three-fourths of a note, weekly, to enable her to leave his organ-loft and play her own tune in another locality. Mr. Inspector Pearce was also deputed to be the tube of communication, and Mr. W. the bellows which raised the wind. When it was found by the enraged musicians that things were above concert pitch, they consented to try the more harmonious "Accordion" instrument, and sang themselves softly to sleep in each others arms, under the same roof, leaving the order of the magistrates to its fate. - But oh! for the instability of human affairs -
"Once, more war's tumults sound with direful crash;
The brazen trumpet frights; the cymbals clash -"

Mrs. W. again left her domestic circle and sought the interference of Mr. Smith, and the legal assistance of Mr. Edward Dormer O'Reilly. Mr. Worgan, not to be behind hand, claimed the friendly offices of Mr. Little. Fortunately for the musician he did so, for that gentleman played upon his legal pipe so skilfully that the magistrate refused to make any order upon the question, and recommended the parties to forget their discords and play an harmonious concerto in future. During the discussion, Mr. Little insisted upon putting the book into Mr. Smith's hand; and that dapper little gentleman could not help proving that, after the making of the order, Mr. and Mrs. W. had lived together like Darby and Joan, though the quiet tenor of their lives was occasionally interrupted by the bass growlings of connubial thunderstorms.

"MAINTENANCE", Empire (19 February 1851), 3 

Mrs. Mary Worgan appeared through her solicitor, Edward Dormer O'Reilly, Esq., one of the &c., to press a charge of desertion against her husband, whose interests Mr. Nichols advocated. O'Reilly's mode of cross-examination forcibly reminded us of the Adelphi Play Bill where a lapse of "fifteen minutes" is occasionally stated to be allowed. The testimony of the dissatisfied dame went to show that her liege lord could "whistle and cherip, and tune and chaunt," but that he was decidedly averse to "shouting," and their worships holding that the latter essential was indispensable, ordered the musician to pay into the hand of Inspector Pearce, the sum of fifteen shillings per week for the support of his
"betrothed, betrayer and betrayed."

"DESERTED WIVES AND CHILDREN", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1851), 2 

. . . George William Worgan, of William-street, Woolloomoolloo, was next charged by Mary, his wife, with having deserted her, and refusing to contribute to her maintenance. This defendant was ordered to pay the sum of 15s weekly, for the period of six months.

"CLEARANCES", Empire (19 March 1851), 2 

March 18. - Alert, barque, 39 1/2 tons, Captain Hubert Milne, for San Francisco. Passengers . . . Worgan Mary.

"DEATHS", Daily Alta California (1 August 1870), 4 

In this city, July 30th, Mary, wife of James Boland, a native of Ireland, aged 43 years. Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend the funeral this day (Monday), at 2 o'clock P. M., from her late residence, Howard street, between Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth streets.

Bibliography and resources:

Mary Boland, Find a grave 


One or two vocalists; bass vocalist

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843; perhaps a son of Nathaniel Turner (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 March 1843), 5

GRAND CONCERT . . . MR. and MRS. BUSHELLE, with MR. HENRI ANDERSON (student of the Royal Academy of Music, London) begs to announce that they purpose holding their first CONCERT OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, at the new concert rooms, (opposite the court-house) Patterson-street, which have been elegantly fitted up, on THURSDAY, the 30th March.
Vocal performers - Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Richards, Mr. Turner, Mr. Bushelle, and several amateurs.
Instrumental performers - Mr. Kowarzik, leader and conductor of the orchestra; grand pianoforte, Mr. Anderson; Mr. Megson, Mr. Richards, Mr. Bishop, Mr. McDonald, Mr. Beckford, and (by permission of Colonel Cumberland) the orchestra will be strengthened by the excellent band of H. M. 96th regiment.
PROGRAMME. - PART I . . . 4. Song, "The Smuggler King," Mr. Turner . . .
PART II . . . 4. Song, "I'm afloat," Mr. Turner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John and Eliza Bushelle (vocalists); Dorothea and Henry Richards (vocalist and violinist); Joseph Megson (violinist); Francis Kowarzik (conductor); James Henri Anderson (pianist); Thomas Leaman Beckford (cellist); Bishop (master) and McDonald of the Band of the 96th Regiment

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

We visited the performance last night with the determination to be pleased. The circumstances connected with this lady's effort must disarm criticism. She had to contend with the usual difficulties in procuring an effective vocal and instrumental force, and laboured under the disadvantage of occupying an unsuitable place. Still, upon the whole, the oratorio passed off satisfactorily . . . Mr. Brain, jun., was a competent leader of the vocalists; and Mr. Megson, as conductor of the instrumental part, deserves credit. It would be hardly fair to particularise the performances of the amateurs. They did their best; and will improve by practice, if a series of oratorios shall be sustained by the public during the winter season. We may, however, refer to Mr. Brain's "Behold a virgin," and Mr. Turner's "Why do the nations" - bot[h] executed with considerable taste and ability . . .

"ORATORIO", Launceston Advertiser (15 June 1843), 3 

The attendance at Mrs. Nairne's Oratorio was very respectable, but the same remark is scarcely applicable to parts of the performances. We can only speak in terms of special praise of Mrs. Richard's recitative "He was cut off," and air "But thou didst not leave," and Mr. Turner's solo, "Why do the nations." The latter failed at Mr. Bushelle's concerts, principally by comparison. He shone as a star at this Oratorio, but Mr. Bushelle put him out altogether . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Catherine Nairne (teacher of music); Dorothea Richards (vocalist); Thomas Brain (alto vocalist)


Amateur vocalist, actor, ? storekeeper

Arrived Perth, WA, by 1836
Active Perth, WA, 1839
? Departed Perth, WA, 16 May 1840 (per Jean, for Hobart Town and Sydney) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (17 December 1836), 815 

MRS. TURNER begs leave most respectfully to inform her Friends, she has laid in a fresh stock of useful and fancy GOODS, imported in the Isabella, consisting of a fine assortment of Ribbons, Children's Dresses and Millinery, Calicoes, Flannels, Laces, Broad Cloths, Toweling, Drills, Duck, Blue Checks, Men and Women's Cotton, Wollen and Silk Hose, Handkerchiefs, Gloves, &c., and an assortment of Cutlery, Boots and Shoes, Flannel, Yacht and White Shirts, with a variety of other Goods, which will be offered on very reasonable terms.

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (11 March 1837), 864 

FANCY Shirting, Cloth Clothing, Toweling, Sheeting, Boy's Caps, Whitney Blankets, Stockings, Ladies' and Children's Shoes, Gentlemen's Black Silk Handkerchiefs, and a great variety of other articles.

[Playbill] Perth Amateur Theatricals, 9 July 1839, Perth, WA; State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED)

On TUESDAY, 9th July, will be performed, the Petite Comedy, in two Acts, ENTITLED
Capt. Seaford [Officer of the Imperial Lancers] - Mr. Collinson
Cornet Vesey [Officer of the Imperial Lancers] - Mr. Webb
Punker (an East Indian, father to Mary) - Mr. Durlacher
Samuel Grummett, Esq. - Mr. Sholl
Landlord - Mr. E. Souper
Mary (Punker's Daughter) - Mrs. Turner
Dorothea (Punker's Sister) - Mrs. Watson
Fanny (Lady's Maid to Mary) Miss E. Purkis.

The overtures of the "Lady of the Manor" and "Lodoiska" will be performed in the course of the evening;
in addition to which the following songs will be introduced: -
"Come Fill a Mighty Measure" - Opening Glee.
"Oh, say not Woman's Heart is Bought" - Mrs. Turner
"Norah, the Pride of Kildare" - Mr. Webb
"Humours of a Playhouse," - Mr. Sholl.

A Prologue will be spoken by Mr. Collinson.

No person will be admitted whose name does not appear on the ticket.
Performance to commence at half-past eight precisely.
Printed by C. McFaull, at the Gazette Office, Perth, Western Australia. 1839.

See also "AMATEUR THEATRICALS", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (13 July 1839), 111 

ASSOCIATIONS: George Joseph Webb (amateur vocalist); Willian Horatio Sholl (amateur); Perth Amateur Theatricals (company)

[Advertisement], The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (2 May 1840), 2 

NOTICE. MRS. TURNER hereby gives notice that she is about to leave the Colony immediately, and requests that all debts due to her, may be paid forthwith . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. DEPARTURES", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (23 May 1840), 2 

On the 16th instant, the Jean, Captain Clarke, for Hobart Town, to touch at Port Leschenault. - Passengers for Van Diemen's Land, Mrs. Turner and son.

"SHIP NEWS", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch [Hobart Town, TAS] (12 June 1840), 4 

JUNE 5. -Arrived the brig Jean, Clark, master, from Swan River 16th May, in ballast. Passengers . . . For Sydney - Mrs. Turner and son.

JUNE 11. - Sailed the barque Gratitude, 272 tons, W. Roberteon master, for Sydney, with sundries. Passengers - Mrs. Turner and son . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Australian [Sydney, NSW] (20 June 1840), 2 

June 19 - The barque Gratitude, 271 tons, Robertson, master, from Hobart Town. Passengers - Capt. Mattinson and daughter, Mrs. Turner and son . . .

TURNER, Austin Theodore (Austin Theodore TURNER; A. T. TURNER; Mr. TURNER)

Musician, professor of music, organist, pianist, vocalist, composer

Born Bristol, England, 24 July 1822; baptised St. Michael's on the mount, Bristol, 7 September 1832 [sic], son of George and Anne TURNER
Married Charlotte Ann KING, St. Michael's on the mount, Bristol, 10 July 1845
Wrecked near Cape Ottway, 26 December 1855 (per Schomberg, from Liverpool, 5 October)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 December 1855 (per Queen, from Cape Ottway)
Died Woollahra, NSW, April 1901, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

TURNER, Charlotte Ann ( = Charlotte Ann KING; Mrs. Austin Theodore TURNER; Mrs. TURNER)

Musician, professor of music and dancing, vocalist

Born Bristol, England, 1812; baptised St. James' church, Bristol, 10 November 1812, daughter of Thomas KING and ANN FRYER
Married Austin Theodore TURNER, St. Michael's on the mount, Bristol, 10 July 1845
Wrecked near Cape Ottway, 26 December 1855 (per Schomberg, from Liverpool, 5 October)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 December 1855 (per Queen, from Cape Ottway)
Died Waverley, NSW, 1 February 1894, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


As at October 2020, this entry documents the Turners' movements and activites in detail only until c. 1860.


England (to 1855):

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. Michael in the city of Bristol in the year 1832 [sic]; register, 1813-41, page 139; Bristol Archives (PAYWALL) (PAYWALL)

No. 1105 / 1832 Sept'r 7 / Austin Theodore Son of / George & Anne / Turner (Born July 24th 1822 [sic]) / Upholsterer . . .

"THE DOLPHIN SOCIETY . . .", Bristol Mercury (14 November 1840), 8

. . . Met their President, John Taylor, Esq., at his residence, Berkeley-square, at an elegant breakfast, which was honored by the presence of the Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, the Hon. and Rev. Lord W. Somerset, the Right Worshipful the Mayor, the High Sheriff of Bristol, &c., &c. At 11 o'clock they attended divine service at the Cathedral, and heard an admirable sermon from the Rev. John Caulfield Browne, M. A., rector of Compton Martin, from the appropriate text "By their fruits ye shall know them." They afterwards assembled together at the White Lion inn, to the number of 150, and partook of an excellent dinner provided by Mr. Niblett . . . Among the company were - Thomas Daniel, H. C. Harford, J. J. Clayfleld, H. Clarke, W. B. Cross, J. Wilcox, J. England, G. Turner, A. T. Turner . . .

[News], Lincolnshire Chronicle (24 December 1841), 3

Mr. A. T. Turner, from Bristol cathedral, was on Wednesday last [22 December] appointed by the Subdean to the situation of Lay Vicar in Lincoln cathedral, vacated by Mr. Ashton.

[News], Hull Packet (31 December 1841), 8

On Wednesday week, a contest took place for situation of Vicar-choral in Lincoln cathedral, vacant by the resignation of Mr. Ashton, when Mr. A T. Turner from Bristol cathedral, was declared to be the successful competitor, and received his appointment from the Subdean. It is to be lamented that the remuneration is not sufficiently high to induce the best singers to remain at Lincoln.

[News], Lincolnshire Chronicle (17 June 1842), 3

. . . On Sunday afternoon the anthem at the cathedral was "Ascribe unto the Lord," which was excellently sung by Mr. A. T. Turner and Mr. Geo. Brooke. Much annoyance is experienced the congregation from a crowd, who rush into the space in front of the altar to hear the anthem, and rush out again directly it is over; surely something should be done amend this . . .

[News], Lincolnshire Chronicle (8 July 1842), 3

On Friday last, the bells of Lincoln cathedral rang merely at intervals, to announce the arrival of the Precentor to take up his residence. On Sunday afternoon last, the anthem at the minster was, "Blow the trumpet in Zion," (Jackson,) the tenor solo being taken Mr. A. T. Turner.

[News], Lincolnshire Chronicle (16 February 1844), 3

Mr. A. T. Turner, of the Lincoln Cathedral choir, on Friday night held in the City Assembly-rooms the first of a series of musical entertainments; Mr. Ridley, of Newark, was announced to preside at the piano-forte but was prevented from attending. Mr. Turner sang a variety of songs in a very chaste and pleasing manner, either accompanying himself, or being accompanied by Mr. John Harmston. The attendance was very respectable, and the plan of a popular vocal concert seems a good one; it is, however, desirable that there should be a greater variety than it is possible for a single voice to give. What would not a union of the principal vocalists of the Cathedral choir be able to effect in the way of a rational and cheap entertainment?

"MUSIC IN LINCOLN", Lincolnshire Chronicle (3 January 1845), 3

A mutual improvement musical society has been for some time established in Lincoln, under the name of "The Lincoln Amateur Musical Society," and is under the able conductorship of Mr. A. T. Turner, of the cathedral choir. Weekly practices are held in the Saint Swithin Infant School, and we understand that public concerts will shortly be given.

"LINCOLNSHIRE AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", Lincolnshire Chronicle (4 April 1845), 2

This little unassuming band of amateurs gave their friends a rich musical treat on Tuesday evening last. The company was select, which was deemed necessary on account of the confined room where the performance took place - St. Swithin's Infant School. Instrumental music, it would seem, is allowed, but only to give a little variety on a public occasion; otherwise the whole is vocal. The music is principally culled from the madrigals, &c, of the latter part of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries, from such authors as Danby, Ford, Stevens, Morley, Playford, Wylbye, Lavillo, Converso, &c. They are old, it is true, and perhaps to the tastes of some a little antiquated; but, for our parts, we should like to see a little of their spirit infused into the compositions of our modern schools. To speak of individual merit on Tuesday evening is out of the question; the performance altogether was successful as it could be. The society under the direction of Mr. A. T. Turner, of the Cathedral choir, and reflects great credit upon that gentleman.

"MARRIED", Lincolnshire Chronicle (25 July 1845), 3

On Thursday the 17th inst. [sic, recte 10th], (by the Rev. J. Knight, Curate of St. Michael's, Bristol,) Mr. A. T. Turner, professor of music, and Lay Vicar of the Cathedral, Lincoln, to Charlotte Ann daughter of Mr. Thos. King, of Clifton, near Bristol.

[2 advertisements], Stamford Mercury (16 January 1846), 3

DANCING. MRS. TURNER begs respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Lincoln that she intends opening an EVENING ACADEMY, to held at her Residence on Mondays and Fridays, where the most fashionable Dances will be taught - An Academy for Children on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Terms may be known on application.
32, East-gate, Lincoln, Jan. 12 1846.

MR. A. T. TURNER begs to inform his Pupils, and the Inhabitants of Lincoln and its Vicinity, that he will re-commence his Teaching on the 21st instant.
32, East-gate, Lincoln, Jan. 12, 1846.

"SINGING FOR THE MILLION", Lincolnshire Chronicle (1 February 1850), 5

Mr. A. T. Turner, of the Cathedral choir, is about to open classes in order to teach singing to the working classes and juveniles, at low rates. The musical talent possessed by Mr. Turnar is wall known, and we have no doubt of the success of his present undertaking.

"Lincoln Cathedral", Lincolnshire Chronicle (31 January 1851), 8

Mr. Turton, of Leeds, was on Tuesday last elected a Lay Vicar of Lincoln cathedral, in the room of Mr. A. T. Turner . . .

England census, 30 March 1951, Boston, Lincolnshire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 2099 (PAYWALL)

Austin Turner / Head / 28 / Professor of Music / [born] Gloucestershire Bristol
Charlotte [Turner] / Wife / 34 [sic] / [Professor of] Dancing / [born Gloucestershire Bristol]

[Advertisement], Lincolnshire Chronicle (9 January 1852), 4

FOUR GRAND VOCAL CONCERTS will take place at BOSTON, LINCOLN, GAINSBORO', and DONCASTER, the last week in JANUARY, at which the following Vocalists will appear: - Miss BIRCH, principal Soprano of the Musical Festivals, Philharmonic and Nobilities Concerts, London; Mrs. TURNER, Mr. A. T. TURNER, and Mr. T. MACHIN, principal Bass of the University Colleges, Cambridge. N.B. Further particulars will be duly announced by Bills, in the respective towns.

[Advertisement], Lincolnshire Chronicle (16 January 1852), 4 (image above)

GRAND EVENING CONCERT. MR. CHARLES RIDGWAY, late of Her Majesty's Theatre, has the honour to announce that he will give his first Grand Concert VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, at the above Rooms, on TUESDAY Evening, January 20, 1852. Vocalists - Mr. and Mrs. A. T. TURNER.
Instrumentalists Pianoforte, Mrs. TONGE. - Violin, Mr. C. RIDGWAY.
Programme. - Part I.
Overture. - Semiramide - Rossini.
Song. - Mr. Turner. - "Fancy waft me." - Verdi.
Cavatina. - Mrs. Turner. "Thro' the wood." - Horn.
Fantasia. - Violin. - Mr. C. Ridgway - Mayseder.
Duett. - Mr. and Mrs. Turner. - "As it fell upon day." - Bishop.
Irish Ballad. - Mrs. Turner. - "Ally Croaker."
Grand March. - (by desire) - "King Charming." - Tully.
Part 11. Overture. - "Bronze Horse." - Auber.
Song. - Mrs. Turner. - "Where the bee sucks." - Arne. Grand Concerto D. - Violin. - Mr. C. Ridgway. - De Beriot.
Ballad. - Mr. Turner. - "In this old chair." - Balfe.
Polka. - "The Concert." - Composed for the occasion. - Ridgway.
Song. - Mrs. Turner. - "Bonnie Prince Charlie." - Wade . . .

[Advertisement], Bristol Times and Mirror (4 December 1852), 4

VICTORIA CONCERT ROOMS. MR. G TURNER begs to announce that his
ANNUAL CONCERT will take place in the above Rooms, on MONDAY, Dec. 20th, 1852,
under the immediate patronage of the Right Worshipful the Mayor . . . and the FREEMASONS of the Province of Bristol.

[Advertisement], Bristol Mercury (15 October 1853), 4

Messrs. E. and T. KING most respectfully inform the Nobility, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Clifton, Bristol, and their vicinities that, in consequence of their leaving for Australia,
they intend giving a VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT, At the above ROOMS, on TUESDAY Next, October 15th, Under the patronage and in the presence of The MAYOR, R. G. BARROW, Esq.; the MAYORESS, Sir J. K. HABERFIELD, Kt., and J. G. SHAW, Esq.
Admission: Numbered Seats 3s.; Reserved Seats 2s.; Saloon 1s.
Tickets may be obtained of the principal Music Sellers: of Mr. E. KING, Cumberland-place; or of Mr. LATROBE, stationer, 60G, Broad-street. Doors open at Half-past Seven; Concert to commence at Eight.

Geelong, Melbourne, and Castlemaine (from 26 December 1855):

[News], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (29 December 1855), 2 

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (14 January 1856), 1 

MRS. TURNER, Professor of Music and Dancing, No. 28, Myers-street west.-
Mrs. Turner has removed her Academy for the instruction of Pupils in Music and Dancing, to the above commodious premises, and solicits a continuance of the kind patronage of her friends, and of the society of Geelong in general.
TERMS FOR PUPILS: Pianoforte, per Quarter, payable in advance £3 3. (Instructions on the Pianoforte for beginners, or to finish the style of more advanced Pupils.)
Dancing, per quarter, payable in advance - £3 3s Single Lessons - 5s.
Mrs. Turner, at the request of many of her friends has opened an Assembly, which will be continued every fortnight, on Thursday evenings, for the benefit of her more advanced pupils and is prepared to admit a limited number of respectable parties as subscribers, at 30s per quarter. Mrs. Turner by confining the admission to her Assembly to respectable parties alone, and by other judicious arrangements, which from past experience in England she will be able to carry out, trusts to supply a want which has long existed in Geelong; viz., a Select Quadrille Party. It is to be understood that Pupils will have the entree to the assembly without extra charge.


The investigation adjourned from Wednesday, the 9th inst., on the information laid by Mr. Broad, Immigration Agent at the instance of several of the passengers of the Schomberg against Captain Forbes, for a breach of the Passenger Act of 1855, took place yesterday at the Police Court Williamstown . . . The Immigration Agent, Mr. Broad, stated that the information had been laid under the Imperial Passengers' Act of 1855 which came into operation on the 1st of October last in the United Kingdom. The Schomberg was the first ship which came under the provisions of that act. The principal peculiarity of the new act was that, whereas by the act of 1852 three quarts of water per day were allowed to passengers, the new act provided that ten gallons additional for every hundred passengers should be put on board for cooking purposes. In addition to this, a larger and more liberal dietary scale was supplied; and it was for a breach of the 36th section of the new act both as to the quality and quantity of provisions that the present information was laid. He should now proceed to call witnesses in support of the information . . .

Austin Theodore Turner: Was a second-class passenger in mess No. 7. His wife was with him. He drew water for himself and wife only, and received two quarts per day for them both. In the tropics three pints each per day were allowed them. The pork was bad on one occasion. The beef was invariably hard, and he could rarely eat it. The biscuits, too, were hard, and of two qualities. The steward made their tea and coffee for them in a can and ... [torn portion of page covers text] ... in mugs . . . each. They had two ...which... tea or coffee for breakfast each person. For the first month the steward would not allow more than two cups to each person and he complained to the steward that that quantity was not sufficient but obtained no redress. He could not say how much was left over in the can after a meal. They had no washing water. Soup and bouilli was served out twice a week and pea soup twice. He could not tell in what quantities.
Cross-examined: The pork was fat but he could not find fault with its quality. He could not eat the beef but it was not putrid that he saw. They had oatmeal for breakfast sometimes and sometimes they had their flour made into bread as the biscuits were hard. The teacups were nearer half-pints than pints. He was on friendly terms with the captain and on one occasion told him that provisions were rough but he had no complaint about the water. The captain replied that he did not know anything about the provisions . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1856), 9 

Teacher of the Piano and Singing, (pupil of the celebrated Henry Phillips, vocalist, of London,)
respectfully announces that he will be happy to receive pupils.
Mr. T. possesses first-rate testimonials from professional men, clergymen, and others.
Class Singing taught in public and private schools. For terms apply at his residence, Clarendon-street, Emerald Hill.

ASSOCIATIONS: Henry Phillips (English vocalist)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (3 March 1856), 1

MRS. TURNER, Professor of Music and Dancing, No. 23, Myers-street . . . Morning clasees in Dancing for young Ladies only. Schools attended.

1[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (3 March 1856), 3 

GRAND CONCERTS and Diorama of dissolving views, will commence on Tuesday evening, 4th March, at the Concert Hall of Southey's Geelong Hotel, supported by Mrs. Turner, Mr. Turner, Mr. Golding, Mr. Horncastle, and Mr. White. Door open at half-past 7, performance commence at 8 o'clock.

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (8 March 1856), 2 

SOUTHEY'S Geelong Hotel.- For Four Nights more. -
Immense success of Messrs. Golding and Horncastle's Concerts and Dissolving Views.
Programme for this Evening:
Overture - Mr. White
"Fall of Sebastopol" - Horncastle
"Do not Mingle," - La Sonnambula - Mrs. Turner
"Gone in the Calmness," Matilda - Mr. Turner
Comic Medley - Goulding
"Rocklaway," - Russell - Horncastle
"Bid me Discourse," - Mrs. Turner
"Rhine, thou Queen of Waters" - Mr. Turner
"Ireland the Place is," - Comic - Golding
Ballad - Horncastle
Buffo Duet - "Fairest Maiden," - Love Spell - Mr. and Mrs. Turner
An Interval of Five minutes.
"Bloodhound," - Mr. Horncastle
Comic Song - Golding
"White Squall," - Barker - Turner
Auld Robin Grey," Mrs. Turner
Comic Song - Mr. Golding
Ballad - Horncastle
Duet - "The Rose," - Mr. and Mrs. Turner
To conclude with Grand Dioramic Dissolving Views. - Must be seen to be appreciated . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Daniel Golding (comic vocalist); Mr. Horncastle (vocalist)

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail [Castlemaine, VIC] (18 March 1856), 1 

GRAND Vocal and Instrumental Concert, this evening, and during the week.
Miss Juliana King (the Australian Sappho) from the Theatre Royal, Melbourne.
Mr. and Mrs, Austin Turner, of the Philharmonic Concerts, England.
Herr Gollmick, M. Levier, and Mr. Moon.
Admission - Reserved Seats, 5s, Back Seats, 2s. 6d. Doors open at Half-past 7, commence at 8.
Musical Conductor - Herr Gollmick.

ASSOCIATIONS: Juliana King (vocalist, Charlotte's niece); William Gollmick (conductor)

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (11 June 1856), 1 

MRS. TURNER, Professor of Music, Dancing and Singing. Mrs. Turner begs to intimate to her friends, that in consequence of a misapprehension, by which her establishment in Myer-street, has been mistaken for another contiguous, she has been compelled to remove to Myra Cottage, Gheringhap-street, where she will continue to give private lessons as usual . . .

"Theatre Royal, Madame Couturier's Benefit", Mount Alexander Mail (25 August 1856), 3 

On Friday, night a benefit took place under the patronage of Capt. Bull. for the above named lady, whose husband died in the hospital, leaving her and an infant in destitute circumstances. The performance was well attended. The entertainment consisted of a concert and comic sketches. Most of the songs were encored, and the duets by Mr. and Mrs. Turner were executed in a manner that evinced that they had a thorough knowledge of music. M. Grayille, an amateur, was encored a third time. A new sketch written by Mr. Wigan, entitled "My Pupil and I," was most successful . . . Mesdames Turner and Newman enacted the parts allotted to them most creditably. Messrs. Turner and Newman deserved favorable notice. Herr Gollmick presided most ably at the piano . . .

"Castlemaine Glee Club", Mount Alexander Mail (19 September 1856), 5 

On Wednesday evening the" gentlemen composing this club gave, at the Theatre Royal, the first of what we sincerely hope will be a very long series of public performances. The immediate object of the concert was to aid the funds of the- Mechanics' Institution, and so well did it succeed in that respect that nearly £60 were received, from which a handsome balance will remain. We dare to say that another object the Club had in view was to minister to the amusement of their fellow citizens; and we shall be guilty of no presumption in saying that our amateur vocalists achieved that result as undeniably as they did the other. Like the party at Fred's, old Scrooge's nephew, "they knew what they were about when they sung a glee or a' catch, I can assure you; especially the basses, who growled away like good ones, and never swelled the large veins in their foreheads, or got too red in the face over it." The programme comprised a collection of glees by Webbe, Este, Blockley, and other composers, and several songs. Opinion is of course divided as to which was the "gem" of the evening; but we are inclined to give the highest praise to Danby's "Fair Flora decks the flowery ground," which was skilfully rendered by Messrs. B. Butterworth, Dawes, and Thorburn. The names of the gentlemen to whose kindness the public are indebted for the refined treat presented them on Wednesday evening, are, in addition to those, already mentioned, Messrs. Webb, Firman, Saunders, Mills, Davis, Forbes, Hodgson and Wheeler. Mr. Turner officiated very ably as conductor, and we must not omit mentioning that the programme comprised a manuscript song, written by that gentleman, entitled "Sing no more in praise of battle" - it was sung by Mr. Hodgson. It is an excellent composition, and is appropriate to the time . . .

[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (19 September 1856), 8 

MR. TURNER (late pupil of the celebrated vocalist, Hy. Phillips, of London)
begs to inform the inhabitants of Castlemaine, that he gives lessons on the above instruments and in Singing, and having devoted many years to the study and practice of part music, will be happy to make arrangements for the formation of classes in schools and private families.
Terms may be known at Mr. Hodgson's Market-sq., or at Mr. T.'s residence, Doveton-st., Castlemaine.
Families attended in the Bush.

"MR. KING'S CONCERT AT WILLIAMSTOWN", Williamstown Chronicle (25 October 1856), 3 

On Monday evening last, concert of vocal and instrumental music was given at the Napier Assembly Rooms, North Williamstown, by Mr. King and daughter, of Melbourne, assisted by Mr. and Mrs. Turner. The room was tastefully fitted up, and the attendance was much more numerous than we expected. The performances elicited much applause. Mrs. Turner gave great satisfaction by the admirable manner in which she rendered many of her songs; but it was evident that the chief favorite of the evening was Miss King, a little girl of twelve years of age, whose vocal abilities surpassed anything that we had previously heard from so young a child. Her fine voice and beautiful expression were displayed to advantage in the songs "Robert Toi qui J'aime," "The Blind Girl to her Harp," and "Auld Robin Gray," which were vociferously encored. The duet from Norma, "For the sake of these, I pray thee," sung by Miss King and Mrs. Turner, was perhaps the most effective piece of the evening. "God Save the Queen" concluded the entertainments, and the audience dispersed, highly gratified with the evening's recreation.

ASSOCIATIONS: Edward King (pianist, violinist, Charlotte's brother); Juliana King

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 December 1856), 8

TILKE'S CITY HOTEL. Bourke street. Boxing Night! . . .
A Grand CONCERT AND BALL Will Take Place Every Succeeding Night . . .
Vocal Artists - Madame Turner, mezzo-soprano; Messrs. Jones, alto; J. W. Cupids, comic; W. White, tenor; J. W. Morgan, basso profundo.
Instrumental: Mr. Austin Turner, Pianist.
A Splendid Band Composed of fifteen efficient artistes have been engaged.
An Accomplished MC. Mr. J. W. Morgan - Manager and Director.
W. TILKE, Solo Proprietor.

ASSOCIATIONS: J. W. Morgan (bass vocalist, manager); William Tilke (proprietor)

[Advertisement], The Age (2 March 1857), 1 

Immense Success of MR. D. GOLDING, The Celebrated Comic Vocalist.
Great Combination of Talent.
MDE. TURNER, Mezzo Soprano.
Mr. Sinclair, Alto.
Mr. Percival, Tenor Primo.
Mr. Bellamy, Tenor Secondo.
Mr. D. GOLDING, Comique.
Mr. Levison, Baritone.
Mr. J. Morgan. Basso.
Mr. G. Peck, Violinist.
Mr. Austin Turner, Pianist.
Mr. J. W. MORGAN, Director.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Leveson (baritone vocalist); George Peck (violinist)

Ballarat, VIC (from late 1857):

[Advertisement], The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (28 November 1857), 3 

MR. A. S. TURNER, [sic] Singing Master to the Denominational Schools, Ballarat, RESPECTFULLY announces his intention of opening classes for the study of vocal music.
Terms - Payable in advance. Elementary Class one guinea per quarter.
Upper Class, to practice Glees, Madrigals, &c. one guinea and a half per quarter, With the option of attending the Elementary Class.
The classes will meet at the Church of England School Rooms, Bakery Hill and Lydiard-street, alternately. The first meeting will be held on Wednesday evening next, at half-past seven o'clock, at Lydiard-street, for the Upper Class; and on Thursday next, the same time, at Bakery Hill for the Elementary Class; when Mr. Turner urges the necessity of parties desirous of joining to be in attendance.

"TEMPERANCE HALL CONCERT", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (5 January 1858), 3 

The postponed concert, under the conduct of Mr. Turner, the recently appointed music master to the Denominational School Board of this district, came off yesternight at the Temperance and Discussion Hall, Bakery Hill. There was a pretty good attendance, and the several pieces in the programme were performed with spirit and taste to an audience that evidently knew how to appreciate the selection presented for their approval. Mr. and Mrs. Turner have a correctness of taste and an aptness of execution which bespeak a careful training, and they were very efficiently aided by the amateurs of the company. We have not room to go into details, but may remark in conclusion that the concert was one of those nicely got up parlor entertainments which we should rejoice to see multiplied and more extensively patronised in our town.


A meeting will be held this evening at the Miners' Exchange, for the purpose of inaugurating a society of the above description . . . We informed that two great desiderata have been procured, viz: - a first class conductor and leader, the former in the person of Mr. A. T. Turner, singing master to the Denominational schools, and M. A. Fleury has offered to fill the latter post. Several instrumentalists, also, late of the Geelong Philharmonic Society have promised to join, and with a little energy and perseverance there can be no doubt that great success will be attained.

ASSOCIATIONS: Achille Fleury (violinist); Ballarat Philharmonic Society

"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (5 April 1858), 3

This theatre was re-opened on Saturday night last, on the occasion of a benefit being given to Mr. Robert Lynch. The attendance was not so good as might have been expected, but was exceedingly respectable. The first part of the entertainment consisted of a concert, in which Mrs. A. T. Turner, Miss Gould, and Messrs. Walsh, King, and others, took their parts, and their exertions obtained the well deserved meed of praise of the audience. The whole concluded with the ever memorable Adelphi farce of "Box and Cox" in which Messrs. Hydes and Walsh were as funny as they could be which is saying a very great deal.

ASSOCIATIONS: Thomas King (vocalist, instrumentalist, Charlotte's brother); Charles Walsh (vocalist, actor); John Proctor Hydes (actor)

[Advertisement], The Star (7 October 1858), 3

A SINGING CLASS, conducted by Mr. A. T. Turner, Singing Master to the Denominational Schools, is now forming, and will commence on Monday evening next, the 11th of October, at the Church of England School Room, Lydiard street, at eight o'clock. For terms apply to Mr. Turner, Armstrong street, or to Mr. A. Oliver, Main Road.

"AN EPISCOPAL VISITATION", The Star (16 May 1859), 3 

The Right Reverend Bishop of Melbourne preached yesterday morning at Christ Church in Lydiard-street, to an unusually large congregation. The service was interesting, though the sermon was inaudible to a large portion of the hearers owing to the groaning and whistling of the wind outside. A Te Deum and Jubilate, composed by Mr. A. T. Turner, our townsman, were performed by the choir . . .

"HANDEL'S CENTENARY", The Star (17 September 1859), 2 

The Ballarat Philharmonic Society gave their promised concert on Friday night, at the Theatre Royal, in honor of the centenary of the death of the immortal Handel. "Judas Maccabaeus" was the oratorio chosen for the occasion . . . The only professionals present were Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Williams, Mr. Hacket, Mr. Linly Norman and Mrs. Turner, who perhaps hovers upon the dividing line between the amateur and the professional, and who, with Mrs. Moss, as soloists, are well and favorably known as members of the Philharmonic Society . . .

"TO THE EDITOR. THE LATE SACRED CONCERT", The Star (9 November 1863), 3

[News], The Argus (1 January 1869), 5

Mr. A. T. Turner, professor of music, Ballarat, met with a severe accident on Wednesday, while starting to go into the country. He was thrown from his horse, and, falling on his head, sustained a fracture of the skull.

[News], The Argus (18 December 1869), 5

The afternoon musical performance of Madame and the Sisters Carandini, yesterday, at the Benevolent Asylum Bazaar, attracted considerably more than the average of visitors . . . Their most successful efforts were the duet, "Sainted Mother," from Wallace's "Maritana," by Madame and Miss Rosina Carandini; "When the roses bloom again" (an aria composed expressly for the singer by Mr. Austin Turner, of Ballarat), by Miss Rosina Carandini . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1870), 3

NEW SONGS, Just Published - The Land o' the Leal, and When the Roses Bloom Again; composed by Austin Turner, Ballarat. Sung with great success by the Misses Rosina and Fannie Carandini. Wilkie, Webster, Collins street.

[News], The Argus (15 February 1873), 5

We have received from the Melbourne Philharmonic Society the prospectus for the current season - the twentieth since the foundation of the society . . . Mr. Charles Packer's sacred cantata, "The Crown of Thorns," will be given in its entirety, on Tuesday, 2nd December; the second part of the concert being devoted to the production of a work of similar form, entitled, "Adoration," composed by Mr. A. T. Turner, of Ballarat.

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT. ADORATION", The Argus (26 November 1874), 6

[Advertisement], The Musical Times (1 November 1877), 566 (PAYWALL)

AUSTRALIAN MUSIC. - Song, "THE LORD IS MY SHEPHERD," and Duet, "EARLY IN THE MORNING" from the Cantata, "Adoration," sung by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, composed by AUSTIN T. TURNER. London: NOVELLO, EWER and Co. Ballarat: A. T. TURNER.

The Australasian sketcher 73-74 (1873), 155

"THE NEW ALTAR AT ST. FRANCIS' CHURCH", Illustrated Australian News (5 July 1879), 106

On Sunday, the 8th June, an event of much interest . . . the consecration of a new altar at St. Francis's Church, was celebrated by the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne . . . a grand Mass in D, composed specially for the occasion by Mr. Austin Turner, performed by the leading instrumentalists and vocalists of Melbourne, formed the musical portion of the service . . .

"DEATHS", Evening News (2 February 1894), 4 

TURNER. - February 1, 1894, at Clifton, St. James-road, Waverley, Charlotte Ann, wife of Austin T. Turner, late of Clifton, England, aged 81.

W. B. W., "MRS. AUSTIN T. TURNER", The Ballarat Star (13 February 1894), 3 

The death of Mrs. Austin T. Turner reminds one of her brother, the late Thomas King, who was one of the late Ballarat Star firm of H. R. Nicholls and Co. All the Kings and Turners were more or less closely connected with musical art, and were closely identified with music in Ballarat from the fifties to the eighties. Mrs. Turner was a pleasant contralto, and used to sing in sacred concerts with success. Many a time has her voice been heard in oratorio, and her more gifted husband is well known all over the colonies as a composer, whilst in Ballarat his memory will long be green in musical circles, both as composer, teacher, and performer. He was musical instructor in the State schools here for some years, and acted as organist in some of our churches, besides being for a long time the recognised first conductor in the best of our local music celebrations. Thomas King, jocularly known as Herr Koenig amongst his familiars, was also long a musical teacher here, and a player on the violin and clarionet at the theatres. Then there were divers nieces and nephews of the Kings and the Turners who were allied to art, mostly as musicians, and Mrs. South (born King) contributed to dramatic art the once locally well-known Willie South, who married one of the Wisemans - another musico-dramatic family, whose members were very popular here in the days that are no more. Mrs. King had reached the ripe age of 84 years [sic] when she died in Sydney, to which city she and her husband removed a few years ago, when he retired from the practice of his profession. The Kings and Turners were from Bristol, and that city or Bath has also given to us John Lake, the basso - the Ballarat Gregg, who is still to the fore upon occasions in mass or oratorio, or in a good catching secular song. May he live long and prosper.

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1901), 10

TURNER. - The Friends of the late Mr. AUSTIN THEODORE TURNER, Composer of Music, are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral THIS (Monday) MORNING, April 15; to leave his late residence, 97 John-street, Woollahra, at 8 o'clock, to the Waverley Cemetery. T. DIXON, Undertaker.

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (25 April 1901), 4

An old and well-known identity in the music world of Australia, Mr. Austin T. Turner, recently passed away at Woollahra, Sydney, at the ripe age of 79. Mr. Turner arrived in Australia in the "fifties", and at the height of the gold fever settled in Ballarat, where for many years he followed the profession of music in its various branches, being for a long time teacher of singing in the Victorian State schools, and for twenty years organist of the Ballarat Cathedral. He was a composer of no mean merit, amongst his more notable productions being the cantata "Adoration", which was performed in the Melbourne Town Hall, and another with which he was successful in a competition for a gold medal. He also composed several songs, several for Madame Carandini (grandmother of Mrs. Gilbert Wilson) and her daughters. About seventeen years ago Mr. Turner removed to Sydney, where he composed several masses, some of which were performed at St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Francis', Paddington. Quite a number of Mr. Turner's old pupils are now residing in Brisbane, and these will doubtless hear with regretful interest of the death of their old master.

Musical works:

The prince Alfred reception march (1867)

The prince Alfred reception march, composed & respectfully dedicated to his royal highness in honor of his visit to Victoria by Austin T. Turner, Ballarat (Melbourne: Published for the composer by Chas. Troedel, [1867]) (DIGITISED)

When the roses bloom again (1870)

When the roses bloom again, composed by Austin T. Turner, poetry by Mrs. A. T. Turner, sung with immense success by Miss Rosina Carandini (Melbourne: [Printed by] C. Troedel, [1870]) (DIGITISED)

"An aria composed expressly for the singer by Mr. Austin Turner, of Ballarat by Miss Rosina Carandini";
also US edition of the above (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress (DIGITISED)

The land o' the Leal (1870)

The land o' the Leal, composed by Austin T. Turner, and sung with great applause by Miss Fannie Carandini("composed by Austin Turner, Ballarat") (Melbourne: [Printed by] C. Troedel, [1870]) (DIGITISED)

Also US edition of the above (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress (DIGITISED)

Aslo UK, 3rd edition (London: Weekes & Co [1883]) copy at British Library

Adoration (cantata, 1874)


Published extracts (extant):

Early in the morning: a sacred duet for contralto & tenor, from Adoration (London: Novello, Ewer & Co., [1877]

The lord is my shepherd: a sacred solo . . . from Adoration (London: Novello, Ewer & Co., [1877]

Copies at British Library

Grand mass in D (for opening of the new sanctuary, St. Francis's church, Melbourne, 1870)


Victoria (cantata, 1880)


All ready and all one (song, 1885)

All ready and all one: an Australian patriotic song by Gerald Massey, music by Austin T. Turner, dedicated to the Australiab volunteers (Sydney: [Printed by] W. Akhurst, [1885]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"Turner, Austin T.", in George Grove (ed.), A dictionary of music and musicians . . . vol. 4 (London: Macmillan and Co. 1889), 195 (DIGITISED)

TURNER, Austin T., born at Bristol, 1823, was a chorister at the Cathedral there, and at the age of 20 was appointed vicar choral at Lincoln. He went to Australia in 1854, and was selected as singing master to the Government School at Ballarat, where he now resides. He was the pioneer of music in that place, being the first conductor of the Philharmonic Society, which among other oratorios has performed Mendelssohn's 'St. Paul' and Spohr's 'Last Judgment,' and, for the first time in Australia, Sullivan's 'Prodigal Son.' His sacred cantata 'Adoration,' for solos, chorus, and full orchestra, was produced by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society on Nov. 24, 1874. He is also the author of a choral song; two masses, sung with full orchestral accompaniments at St. Francis' Church, Melbourne; several glees, madrigals, and minor works. He has been organist of Christ Church, Ballarat, for many years. [G.]

"Turner", in James Duff Brown and Stephen S. Stratton, British musical biography: a dictionary of musical artists, authors and composers, born in Britain and its colonies (Birmingham: S. S. Stratton, 1897), 419-20

Turner, Austin T., organist, composer, and conductor, born at Bristol, 1828 [recte 1822]. Was a chorister there, and for some time a vicar choral at Lincoln Cathedral. In 1854 [1855] he went to Australia, and settled at Ballarat, which has since been his home. As singing master [420] to the Government School[s], and conductor of the Philharmonic Society, he did much to promote the study of music. He conducted the Harmonic Society, formed in 1864, and apparently the successor to the Philharmonic, which in some seasons gave as many as six concerts. At the last concert we find any record of, Good Friday, 1875, he conducted a performance of his cantata, "Adoration," produced at Melbourne, in November, 1874. His compositions include two Masses (performed in Melbourne), two Marches for orchestra (Ballarat, 1868), choral pieces, etc. He has held the office of organist at Christ Church, Ballarat, for many years.

"Turner, Austin T.", The American history and encyclopedia of music: musical biographies . . . vol. 2 (Toledo, New York, Chicago: Irving Squire, 1908), 415 (DIGITISED)

Turner, Austin T. 1823-_; English composer and conductor, who for many years has advanced the cause of music in Australia; was born at Bristol, England. He was a chorister at Bristol Cathedral, and at the age of twenty became vicar choral at Lincoln. Going to Australia in 1854 he settled at Ballarat, where he became singing-master at the government school and where for many years he has played the organ at Christ Church. He was the first conductor of the local Philharmonic Society, which under his leadership had performed Mendelssohn's St. Paul, Sullivan's Prodigal Son and Spohr's Last Judgment. He is the author of a sacred cantata, Adoration, for solos, chorus and full orchestra, which the Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave in 1874, and he has also written two masses, choral songs, several madrigals and glees. 

Lyn Cosham (ed.), There's a good time coming!, the musical King family, from Bristol to Melbourne in 1854 (Tongala: L. Cosham, 2004) 

Jennifer Royle, "Musical (ad)venturers: colonial composers and composition in Melbourne, 1870-1901", Nineteenth-century music review 2/2 (November 2005), 133-159 (PAYWALL)

Anne Doggett, "And for harmony most ardently we long": musical life in Ballarat 1851-1871 (Ph.D thesis, University of Ballarat, 2006), passim (DIGITISED)


General and music publisher, printer, stationer

Born London, England, 1803; baptised Hackney, 11 December 1803; son of Joseph TURNER and Harriet ?
Married Sophia WATTERS (1817-1900), Totteridge, Hertford, England, 24 July 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 19 January 1853 (per Alipore, from London via Darmouth, 16 Octobert 1852)
Died Glenelg, SA, 1 December 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Trading as Turner and Gill, May 1864 to May 1869: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Caleb Turner and Edwin Gill were in partnership in Melbourne, trading as Turner and Gill, for five years, from May 1864 to May 1869. They issued at least three musical editions, two of which are datable to 1868, the third likely from around the same time.

The elegant cover illustrations of all three music prints were the work of Caleb's third son, Charles Turner (baptised Hackney, London, England, 1 June 1844; died Marrickville, NSW, 17 July 1913).


England census, 30 March 1851, Tower Hamlets, West Hackney; UK National Archives, No 107 / 1504 (PAYWALL)

13 Godfrey's Row / Caleb Turner / Head / Mar. / 47 / Printing Master / [born] Middlesex Hackney
Sophia Turner / Wife / Mar. / 33 // Henry / 9 // Herbert / 8 // Charles / 6 . . .

Names and descriptions of passengers per Alipore for Port Phillip, 1853; Public Record Office Victoria (DIGITISED)

Mr. Caleb Turner / 47 // Mrs. Sophia Turner / 35 // Henry / 11 // Herbert / 9 // Charles / 8 . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 May 1869), 8 

I Have this day DISPOSED OF my BUSINESS, as wholesale stationer, to Messrs. TURNER and GILL . . .
EDWD. L. ROBINSON. May 16, 1864.

[News], The Herald (5 August 1868), 2 

We have received from the printers and publishers, Messrs. Gill and Turner, of Flinders lane, a very handsomely got-up piece of new music, styled "The Abyssinian Quadrille." The music, which is by Mr. J. F. Sincock, of Melbourne, possesses a very pleasant strain of melody; and the piece will, doubtless, become a general favourite. We cannot help noticing the frontispiece as an excellent specimen of colonial art. It is a lithograph representing a bold, craggy view of Abyssinian scenery, from the pencil of Mr. Charles Turner, and is admirably printed in colours.

[News], The Argus (6 August 1868), 5

We have received a copy of a set of quadrilles, entitled the "Abyssinian Quadrilles", composed by J. F. Sincock, and published by Messrs. Turner and Gill, of Flinders lane. The title-page, which hears the name of Charles Turner, is an exceedingly good and creditable specimen of chromo-lithography, and the musical notation is lithographed in a style certainly better than that of any similar colonial publication we remember to have met with . . .

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (7 August 1868), 2 

"ABYSSINIAN QUADRILLES" is the title of a ballroom piece of music by a local composer, Miss J. F. Sincock . . . The title contains a bit of characteristic Abyssinian scenery, very beautifully executed in tinted lithography by Messrs. Turner and Gill, of Flinders-lane.

"THE COCKATOO WALTZ", The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (24 October 1868), 5 

We have received from Messrs. Walch, Brothers and Birchall a copy of the Cockatoo Waltz, published by Turner and Gill, of Melbourne, for the composer T. G. This is a set of four waltzes of considerable merit. The music is original composition, and no mere medley of half forgotten waltzes hashed up again.

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1869), 3 

NOTICE Is hereby given, that the PARTNERSHIP heretofore subsisting between Caleb Turner and Edwin Gill, under the style of "Turner and Gill, has this day EXPIRED, by effluxion of time. The business will be continued by the said Caleb Turner, under the name of "Caleb Turner and Sons, who will receive and pay all accounts due to or owing by the late firm.
Dated this 20th May, 1869.
Witness - Edwd. M. Gibbs, solicitor, Melbourne.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (2 December 1884), 4 

TURNER. - On the 1st December, at Glenelg, Caleb Turner, late of Melbourne, father of Harry Turner, of this city, aged 81 years.

Musical publications:

The Abyssinian quadrilles, by J. F. Sincock (Melbourne: Printed & published for the composer, by Turner & Gill, [1868]); cover lithography: Charles Turner (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Joyce Flamank Sincock (composer)

The cockatoo waltz, composed by T. G. (Melbourne: Printed & published for the composer by Turner & Gill, [1868]) (DIGITISED)

The sea side polka, by E. M. Gray (Melbourne: Printed & published for the composer by Turner & Gill, [? 1868]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 313 (DIGITISED)

TURNER, Charles Byass (Charles Byass TURNER; Mr. Charles TURNER; Mr. TURNER)

Amateur tenor vocalist, publican

Born England, c. 1835/36; son of Robert Byass TURNER (d. Bathurst, 1882) and Mary HORNER (d. 1868)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 May 1842 (per Bencoolen, with parents, from the Downs, 8 January)
Married Mary Ann PYE (1836-1880), All Saints' church, Bathurst, NSW, 15 September 1860
Died Bathurst, NSW, 11 August 1902, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVALS", Sydney Free Press (14 May 1842), 2 

May 13. The barque BENCOOLEN, McArthur, from London, having left the Downs on the 8th January, with merchandise. Passengers . . . intermediate - Mr. and Mrs. Turner, Master Turner . . .

"FAREWELL DINNER TO CORPORAL BURNETT", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (10 May 1856), 2

On Tuesday evening last, a farewell-dinner was given at Mr. Turner's, the First Nuggett Inn, to Corporal Burnett of the Mounted Patrol, on his departure for England. Shortly after seven o'clock, Mr. Turner, the host, having been appointed Chairman, and Sergeant Laurence, the vice-chairman, the company to the number of thirteen sat down to a sumptuous repast, consisting of all the delicacies of the season, and the district, to which ample justice was done by those present, who met in the highest possible spirits, and with a full determination to honor their guest by enjoying themselves for the last time in his company. The cloth having been removed, Mr. Turner proposed the health of Her Majesty the Queen, which was drunk with the usual honors. Corporal Burnett then proposed the health of their host, who afterwards proposed the health of Captain Battye, which was drunk with such enthusiastic applause as to be heard as far as the "Free Press" Office. After the toasts were concluded the evening entertainments broke up with some songs, among which, Mr. Charles Turner sang, "She wore a Wreath of Roses," and Mr. Turner, "Life in Winter," which, received considerable applause.

ASSOCIATIONS: Mr. Turner was Charles's father, Robert

MUSIC: She wore a wreath of roses (J. P. Knight)

"AMATEUR CONCERT. IN AID OF THE BATHURST HOSPITAL", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 November 1857), 2 

. . . The list of performers included Master Catton, Mr. Shadforth, Mr. C. Turner, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Beach, Mr. Tiffin, and other amateurs. Miss Julia Clifford and Mr. Bruton also volunteered their valuable services together with Mr. Davis and Mr. Brown as instrumentalists . . . Mr. Charles Turner sang several ballads with much taste and feeling, and obtained encores in the "Irish Emigrant" and "We met by chance" . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Julia Clifford (actor, vocalist); J. W. Bruton (actor, vocalist); Isaac Davis (violinist); James Brown (violinist)

MUSIC: The Irish emigrant (Barker); We met by chance (Kucken); the touring serenader, Dorrel Boley had sung the latter song in Bathurst in January 1857

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (11 November 1857), 3 

UNDER the auspices of the President, Officers, and Committee of the Bathurst School of Arts and Mechanics' Institute.
A GRAND AMATEUR CONCERT, In aid of the Fund now being raised to meet the Government Grant for a building, for the purposes of the School of Arts, will be given at the above Theatre, on
Solo - Mr. Beach, and Chorus - "The Red, White, and Blue" - HARROWAY
Cavatina - "Oh! whisper what thou feelest" (Crown Jewels) Master Catton - AUBER
Song - The Wanderer, Dr. Wilkinson - SCHUBERT
Ballad - "The heart bow'd down (Bohemian Girl) Mr. Charles Turner - BALFE
Solo - Flute, Mr. Colquhoun, Pianoforte accompaniment - KUHLAU
Irish Ballad - Cushla Machree, Master Catton - LAVENU
Aria - "Tu che a Dio" (Lucia di Lammermoor) Mr. Tucker - DONIZETTI
Duett - "The Convent Bells," Muster Catton and Mr. Shadforth - GLOVER
Solo - Mr. Beech and Chorus - Lily Dale - ETHIOPIAN MELODY
An interval of ten minutes.
Glee - "To all ye Ladies" - CALLCOTT
Air - "Childhood's truant days" (Joseph) Master Catton - MEHUL
Scotch Ballad - Annie Laurie - Mr. H. Lenean
Aria - "Vi ravviso" (Sonnambula) Mr. Tucker - BELLINI
Solo - Flute, Mr. Colquhoun, Pianoforte accompaniment - BERBISCIER
Aria - (by desire) "Ah! perche non posso!" (Sonnambula) Master Catton, Violin accompaniment - BELLINI
Ballad - "In happy moments" (Maritana) Mr. Charles Turner - WALLACE
Morceau de Concert - "Le Carnival de Venise" Violin Solo - Mr. Brown, Pianoforte accompaniment - SIVORI
Song - (Guitar accompaniment) - "Oh! breathe not a word of our love," Dr. Wilkinson - RIPPINGILL
Grand Finale - Solo, Duett, and Chorus - God save the Queen . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Catton (vocalist); George Colquhoun (Flute); James Brown (violinist); Henry Wilkinson (vocalist)

MUSIC: The heart bow'd down (Balfe, from The Bohemian girl); In happy moments (Wallace, from Maritana)

"MACGOWAN'S LYCEUM. AMATEUR PERFORMANCE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (21 January 1860), 2 

The entertainment given in aid of the funds of the Bathurst Hospital, which are, unfortunately, at the present moment in a very languishing condition, came off on Thursday evening with the greatest eclat . . . the representation of Bourcicault's amusing comedy "Used Up" commenced . . . The part of James, the hero's valet, and that of Fennel, the lawyer, were taken by Mr. C Turner, on the whole, very satisfactorily . . . A musical melange then followed, in which Mr. C. Turner sang a new song, entitled "Fanny Mavourneen" very sweetly, but we must be permitted to remind even an amateur, that it is absolutely essential to the success of any song that the accompanyist should be provided with at least some key to the intentions of the composer - a deficiency painfully obvious to the audience in this instance . . .

"MR. CHARLES TURNER", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (12 August 1902), 2 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Stock and Station Journal (15 August 1902), 3 

TURNER. - Died at Bathurst, August 11th, Charles Byass Turner, aged 67 years.

"DISTRICT HOSPITAL", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (2 September 1902), 2 

During August 28 patients were in the hospital . . . and there were 4 deaths . . . Charles Byas Turner, 67, tremor of brain . . .

"MEN OF THE PAST. C. T. B. TURNER. A WONDERFUL BOWLER.", The Bathurst Times (28 March 1914), 2 

. . . A memoir of the father of the premier bowler of New South Wales is not inappropriate here. Charles Byass Turner was an Englishman, having been born in Oxfordshire in 1835. While still a child, being but seven years of age, he left his native land with his parents, and arrived in Sydney in 1842. The voyage was made in the Bencolen [Bencoolen] sailing ship. Mr. Turner eventually visited the Turon fields, and later devoted himself to pastoral pursuits. After spending some years at this life he, in 1862, became a licensed victualler, opening the Carriers' Arms in Bathurst, and also having an interest with his father in the Duke's Hotel here . . .


Music and general lithographer, printer, publisher

Born Elveltam, Hampshire, England, 9 May 1837 [on gravestone]; son of William J. TURNER (d. NSW, 1891) and Elizabeth RIVERS
Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1853
Married Mary Jane LAWSON, Sydney, NSW, 1861
Trading from 1875 (with William HENDERSON) as Turner and Henderson
Died Wentworth Falls, NSW, 6 October 1913, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

TURNER, William John (William John TURNER; W. J. TURNER)

? Composer of The flower of Australia polkas

Born Old Windsor, Berkshire, England, c. 1834; son of William J. TURNER (d. NSW, 1891) and Elizabeth RIVERS
Married Mary Elizabeth ENSOR (d. 1928), Presbyterian church, Pitt-street, Sydney, 13 March 1858
Died Ingelburn, NSW, 21 January 1928, aged "93" (shareable link to this entry)


This entry mainly concerns Edward Turner, lithographer and printer, and his contributions, major or minor, to music titles published in Sydney.

His earliest known musical production, in October-November 1860 he executed cover lithography, to a drawing by Walter Mason, for Cesare Cutolo's piano nocturne, Remembrances of the pyramids, published by Joseph Wilkie in Melbourne and Lewis Moss in Sydney.

Having advertised for an engraver with "a good music hand" in March 1861, he published his own first music title in July 1861, an unattributed song, My sweetheart is a volunteer, of which no surviving copy has yet been identified.

The identity of W. J. Turner, who composed The flower of Australia polkas, next published by Edward in November 1861 is unclear. It is possible that it was Edward's father, William John Turner, senior, a Stanmore grocer, or his older brother, William John Turner, junior. However, there is no other record of either William showing any other musical interest.

It is also possible, since the music is notably simple, that the composer was the 11-year old William John Turner, so far as is known un-related to Edward, the talented and perhaps also precocious son of John Turner.

For Lewis Moss, he printed the song, The dying girl, by Miss Davies, and was involved in the production of five separate titles by the composer Robert Bishop Theobald.

In partnership with William Henderson (1840-1924) as Turner and Henderson from 1875, he was also involved in the production of several further musical titles.


England census, 30 March 1851, Hartley Wintney, Hampshire; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1680 (PAYWALL)

William John Turner / Head / 40 / Grocer & Baker / [born] Hants Sunninghill
Elizabeth [Turner] / Wife / 42 / - / Surrey Egham
William J. [Turner] / Son / 17 / Assistant / Berks Old Windsor
Edward A. [Turner] / Son / 13 / Scholar / Hants Elveltam
Alfred [Turner] / 10 / [Scholar] / Hants Hartley Wintney // Alice E. / 7 // Agnes / 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1861), 12

ENGRAVER WANTED, a good music hand. Apply to Mr. E. TURNER, at Mr. Mader's, musicseller.

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Mader

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1861), 1

TO-MORROW will be published a new Song, "My Sweetheart is a Volunteer." E. TURNER, Hunter-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1861), 1

THIS DAY is published, with an illustration by S. T. Gill, the new song for the piano, "My Sweetheart is a Volunteer." To be had of E. TURNER, lithographer, Hunter-street, and the principal music sellers. Price 2s. 6d.

ASSOCIATIONS: Samuel Thomas Gill (illustrator)

"WEEKLY REGISTER", Empire (17 August 1861), 5

A new song "My Sweetheart is a Volunteer", printed, published, and lithographed, by Mr. E. Turner, of Hunter-street, has just issued from the press.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1861), 2

NEW MUSIC - This day is published "The Flower of Australia" Polka. E. TURNER, 2S, Hunter-street, and the principal music sellers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1861), 1 

THE PUBLICATION of the "Flower of Australia" Polka, is postponed for a few days.

[Advertisement], Empire (13 November 1861), 1

JUST PUBLISHED. - "The Flower of Australia" polka, E. TURNER, Hunter-street.

"THE FLOWER OF AUSTRALIA POLKAS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1861), 5

A set of polkas, by Mr. W. J. Turner, have just been published. Though there is a plethora of dance music just now, this unassuming composition will be found, on performance, very lively and pleasing.

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (16 November 1861), 4 

The "Star of Love" is the title of a new Valse de Salon, just issued from the Sydney Press, and the composition of Master Alfred Anderson. Based upon the music of Lurline, it comprises several now well known airs, including the favourite drinking song "Take this cup of sparkling wine." Whether intended as dance music or as a composition mainly, we do not know; but the construction in some portions is complicated, and seems rather to justify the latter idea. The "Star of Love" will doubtless prove a valuable addition to our rapidly increasing catalogue of colonial compositions. We may add that the piece, which has been printed by Mr. Turner, of Hunter-street is very admirably got up.

ASSOCIATIONS: Alfred Anderson (composer, son of James Henri Anderson, publisher)

"New Music", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1870), 3

"Prince Arthur's March," by. R. B. THEOBALD, Newcastle, N.S.W. E. Turner, Hunter-street, Sydney.
FOR some two or three years the Sydney market overflowed with the musical efforts of all kinds of colonial composers - song, dance, and instrumental music - following in quick succession. Since then there has been a dearth of this kind of publication, and we have pleasure in noticing this pleasant little addition to our stock of colonial music, recently brought out by Mr. Theobald . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Robert Bishop Theobald (composer)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1875), 1 

WE HAVE this day joined PARTNERSHIP as Stationers, Booksellers, and Importers of Magazines, under the style of TURNER and HENDERSON. Business carried on at both establishments as usual.
EDWARD TURNER, 16 and l8, Hunter-street.
WILLIAM HENDERSON, 79, King-street.
September 1, 1875.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1913), 8

TURNER. - October 6, at The Retreat, Wentworth Falls Edward, of Sunnymede, Rose street, Balmain, aged 76 years.

"THE LATE MR. E. TURNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1913), 11

The funeral took place yesterday afternoon of the late Mr. Edward Turner, senior member of the firm of Turner and Henderson, Ltd., stationers and printers, of Hunter-street, whose death took place at Wentworth Falls on Monday. A short service was conducted at the late residence of the deceased, Sunnymede, Rose-street, Balmain, by the Rev. G. Cranston, of the Balmain Presbyterian Church . . .

"PASSING OF A PIONEER", The Daily Telegraph (8 October 1913), 10 

. . . Mr. Turner was born in Hampshire, arriving in Sydney when only 16 years of age. He was the oldest bookseller and stationer in the city. It was In 1855 [sic, recte 1861] that Mr. Turner opened his business in Hunter-street. His genial disposition and business acumen soon gained him a wide circle of friends, and his enterprise made good progress. He opened a branch in George-street, near Liverpool-street, more than 30 years ago. Owing, however, to the expansion of the trade in Hunter-street requiring close attention, the other concern was disposed of. The business flourished so rapidly that in 1875 Mr. Turner secured Mr. William Henderson, (who survives him) as a partner. This continued up till last year, when the firm was converted into a company . . .

Musical works and publications:

All musical items: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

The flower of Australia; polka nos 1. and 2, W. J. Turner ([Sydney: E. Turner, 1861]) 

Copy at National Library of Australia, cover missing (DIGITISED)

The cricketers' quadrille by Robert B. Theobald . . . (third edition, Sydney: For the composer by E. Turner, [1874])

Other works:

Pencil drawings of Sydney and surrounds, c. 1857, by Edward Turner; State Library of New South Wales (2 DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Cowan's, for the paper, printing, stationery, and allied trades of Australasia (13 July 1906), 19-2o

. . . Edward Turner was apprenticed to Mr. Moodie, London for lithographic printing. His parents brought him to Australia and he finished his trade with Allan & Wigley, who were then in Bridge st . . . In 1861 Mr. Turner started in business for himself over Mader's bookshop, in George Street. Mrs. Turner assisted him most energetically. After a successful time in George Street, Mr. Turner opened at 26 Hunter Street [1863-69] a first-class book selling and stationery business. The business grew, and he erected a new structure at 16 and 18 Hunter Street . . . Mr. Turner opened a branch shop on Brickfield Hill, where he and his family lived . . .

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 240-41 (DIGITISED)

Edward Turner, Find a grave 

TURNER, Eleanor (Eleanor TURNER; Miss TURNER; Miss E. TURNER; sister of Elizabeth TESTAR)

Contralto vocalist

Born Kent, England, 9 October 1827; baptised St. Mary's church, Chatham, Kent, 2 November 1827; daughter of Frederick TURNER and Eleanor HETLEY
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1857), 8 

MR. KROM'S BENEFIT CONCERT, On Wednesday, 2nd December, 1857.
First Appearance of Miss E. TURNER; Re-appearance of Miss OCTAVIA HAMILTON.
Mr. Krom having met with a severe accident, which prevented him attending to his professional duties for several months, the following distinguished artistes have kindly volunteered their services: -
Miss E. Smith, Mr. Julius Siede, Mr. Charles Bial, Mr. George Tolhurst, and Mr. Wilkinson.
Full programme in future advertisement.

"CONCERT", The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

. . . We observe that a new contralto - Miss E. Turner, a sister of Mrs. Testar - will make her first appearance at this concert.

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 December 1857), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. MR. KROM'S Benefit Concert on Wednesday December 2nd.
Miss E. Turner. Re-appearance of MISS OCTAVIA HAMILTON,
The following distinguished Artists have kindly volunteered their services:
Vocalists: Mrs. Batten, Mr. Geo. Tolhurst, Mr. Blanchard, Mr. W. H. Williams, Amateur.
Miss Emily Smith, Mr. Julius Siede, Mr. Charles Bial, Mr. Wilkinson, Mr. Krom.
PROGRAMME: Part I. Trio and Chorus - "The Chough and Crow" - Bishop . . .
Duett - "I Would that my Love," Miss Octavia Hamilton and Miss E. Turner - Mendelssohn . . .
Chansonette - "Ma Brunette," Miss E. Turner - Arnaud.
Part II . . . Song- "Scenes of My Youth," Miss E. Turner - Benedict . . .

[News], The Argus (3 December 1857), 4 

This musical entertainment was given last evening in the Mechanics' Institution, and was well attended, considering the numerous public amusements at present inviting attention. If the concert was rich in nothing more, it certainly was lavishly profuse in the number of soloists, and introduced Miss E. Turner (a contralto) to the musical world, as well as re-introduced a lady who has long been a favorite, Miss Octavia Hamilton. Miss Emily Smith, Mr. Julius Siede, and Mr. C. Bial, as well as the beneficiare, performed as instrumentalists, and supported a reputation already formed; while, in addition to the ladies above mentioned, Mrs. Batten (mezzo soprano), Mr. G. Tolhurst (baritone), Mr. Blanchard (basso), and Mr. W. H. Williams (tenor), each sustained an allotted part in the varied programme. It is to be hoped that the concert was found to be productive of all the benefits that the friends of Mr. Krom could desire.

"MELBOURNE NEWS (From Thursday's Papers)", Bendigo Advertiser (4 December 1857), 3 

Mr. Krom's concert at the Mechanics' Institution last evening was noticeable for bringing to light Miss E. Turner, a sister of Mrs. Testar. The debutante did not excite very high expectations, nor did she appear particularly anxious to create a favorable impression, her manner being careless in the extreme, so that it was really impossible to form any positive idea as to her capabilities. The principal and only other professional vocalist was Miss Octavia Hamilton, whose voice has improved greatly since we last heard her, but her singing is as devoid of expression and feeling as ever.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Herman Krom (musician); Octavia Hamilton (soprano vocalist); William Henry Williams (tenor vocalist); George Tolhurst (baritone vocalist); Charles Blanchard (bass vocalist); Julius Siede (flautist); Charles Bial (pianist)

MUSIC: I would that my love (Mendelssohn, op. 63 no. 1); Ma Brunette (Arnaud);
Scenes of my youth (Benedict, from The gypsy's warning)

TURNER, Ellen (Ellen TURNER)

Pianist (pupil of Henry James Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane, QLD] (24 October 1862), 1

TO H. J. WITTON, ESQ., PROFESSOR OF MUSIC. Melbourne, Victoria, Sept. 10, 1862.

DEAR SIR - Having heard with extreme regret that you intend shortly to leave these shores for a sister Colony, we, the under-signed (having had the privilege of studying the science of Music under your direction), cannot allow you to depart from this Colony without assuring you of the pleasure and unalloyed satisfaction we have experienced in learning the excellent theory of the art which bears your name - a theory which you have rendered so simple and - at the same time so comprehensive as to bring the Divine Gift within the reach of any who will bestow a little labour and study in its acquirement. And we wish to testify to you that we are of opinion that you have thoroughly discarded all those mysteries and useless appendages which other professors have insisted are requisite.

We might say much more in regard to this, but we will here simply give testimony to its superiority to any other system we have met with.

We have noticed and felt the patient, kind, and masterly way in which you have imparted to us a thorough knowledge of your system, and this, coupled with your private worth, make us deeply regret that you should be compelled to leave us. If, however, you must do so, we hope that success will follow your endeavors in the land of the stranger, and that you will there attain that position which by your long and laborious study of your profession, and the immense experience you have acquired, justly entitle you.

With our best wishes for your welfare and happiness,
We remain, dear Sir, Yours respectfully,
W. H. WILSON (Harmonium), Argyle-st. east, St. Kilda.
THOMAS LINDSAY (Vocal), Queen-st.
J. WILSON (English Concertina), Condell-st., Fitzroy.
HENRY WARD (Vocal), Moor-st,, Fitzroy.
W. R. BENNETT (Violoncello), Barnard-st.
H. BERINGAR (Guitar), Fitzroy-st., Collingwood.
F. A. McGREGOR (Pianoforte), Fitzroy-st., Collingwood.
F. BULL (Pianoforte), Smith-st., Collingwood.
ELLEN TURNER (Pianoforte), Oxford-st.
SAMUBL CARTER (Violin) 20, Gertrude st.
STEPHE MARSHALL (Cornet), Church-st.
WILLIAM WILSON (Flute), George-st., Fitzroy.



Active Hobart, TAS, c. 1854 (shareable link to this entry)


"THEATRICAL DISPUTE. Skreen v. Turner", Colonial Times (26 January 1854), 3 

This was an information for in assault on the 7th inst., the complainant being "mine host" of the "Sir George Arthur," Campbell-street, and the defendant Mr. George Turner of "Sock and Buskin" celebrity. Mr. Brewer attended for the defence.
Mr. Skreen stated, that between twelve and one on the morning in question, the defendant struck him on the lip with his fist when he was putting him out of his house for making use of improper language; defendant came in after Mr. Arabin, from whom he brought a note in answer to one Mr. Arabin had sent to Mr. Watson.
Mr. Gustavus Arabin another of the corps dramatique, was called as a witness for the prosecution, and said some conversation took place about the note from Mr. Wilson, when defendant became very abusive, and Mr. Skreen put him out, defendant resisting him: when he was out, Mr. Turner struck him: he did not see him strike, but he could swear conscientiously, from circumstances, that he did strike him.
Mr. Abraham Cohen, of Terpsichorean repute, was the next witness, and said he was in complainant's house with several others having a "nobbler" (a laugh), when he saw Mr. Skreen catch hold of defendant, by the arm and by the collar, and without provocation put him out. Witness added that Mr. Turner called Mr. Arabin names, and he afterwards saw complainant's face covered with blood.
Mr. Brewer contended that complainant had committed the first assault, and he had only to thank himself for what followed.
After a facetious address by the learned counsel, which kept a crowded court on the titter, the justices found Mr. Turner guilty, and ordered him to pay a penalty of one shilling and costs.

"OSBORNE'S TROUPE - A DISRUPTION", Colonial Times (21 November 1854), 2 

TURNER, George Napier (George Napier TURNER; G. N. TURNER)

Member and committee member, president, Melbourne Liedertafel

Born Melbourne, VIC, c. 1843; son of James TURNER (1819-1867) and Agnes AITKEN (1813-1847)
Married Margaret Tannahill CARSON (c. 1846-1908), Melbourne, VIC, 14 December 1871
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 9 April 1896, aged "53" (TROVE tagged) (shareable link to this entry)

TURNER, J. H. (Mr. J. H. TURNER; ? James Hobson TURNER)

Musician, Organist

? Active Geelong, VIC, 1850s
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1876
? Died Hawthorn, VIC, 21 March 1901, aged "74" (shareable link to this entry)



[News], The Argus (4 July 1876), 4 

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (4 September 1876), 2 

The trustees and members of the Musical Association of Viotoria held their weekly meeting for election and proposing new members and associates on Saturday evening, in the German Association's rooms, Nissen's Cafe. Mr. C. G. Elsasser presided. Mr. C. A. Tracy, organist of St. Patricks Cathedral, and Mr. G. F. Dumoulin, violinist, proposed by Mr. Siede as members, and Mr. W. S. Lyster, of the Prince of Wales Opera House, and Mr. J. H. Turner, organist of the Brunswick-street Church, as associates, were unanimously elected. The following gentlemen are candidates for election as members and associates at next meeting - Mr. A. Montague, pianist, &c., - Mr. P. Montague, violinist, as members, and Mr. J. Reed, architect, as an associate, proposed by Mr. S. Chapman; Mr. Siede proposed Mr. W. A. C. A'Beckett and Mr. Mathias; Mr. Lundborg proposed Mr. G. L. Allan, of Allan and Co., Collins-street; and Mr. Perraton proposed Mr. George Wrigley, certificated singing master and organist, head master of the Middle Brighton State school, as associates. The meeting adjourned until Saturday next.

"THE TOWN", Leader (23 February 1878), 20 

"THE GRAND LODGE OF VICTORIA", The Age (26 September 1887), 6 

TURNER, Mr. J. P. (Mr. J. P. TURNER)

Bass vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, from 1878 to 1897 or later



Musician, professor of music, teacher of singing and pianoforte, vocalist, Irish comic vocalist, actor, organist, choral conductor, string band conductor, musicseller, piano tuner

Born ? Dublin, Ireland, 1817; ? baptised St. Paul's (RC), Dublin, 29 November 1817; son of Luke TURNER and Mary ?
Active Sydney, NSW, by c. 1845
Married ? Harriet ? (d. 1866), by c. 1850
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1866
Died Paddington, NSW, 19 November 1889, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

TURNER, William John (William John TURNER; W. J. TURNER)

Musician, professor of music, organist, pianist

Born Maitland, NSW, 1850; son of John TURNER and Harriet ?
Married Alica Mary Josephine FITZPATRICK, Bathurst, NSW, 1871
Died Sandhurst, VIC, 8 January 1877, aged 26 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Turner's death records give his parents' names as Luke and Mary and his birth around 1817, details which match a record of baptism at St. Paul's, Dublin City, on 29 November 1817.

According to a later advertisement, Turner was "leader of the choir" at St. Mary's cathedral, Sydney. He made his debut as a concert singer for Maria Hinckesman at the Royal City Theatre in May 1845, when another Turner was also billed as a member of the theatrical band. John Turner is nowhere documented playing or teaching any orchestral instrument, so this was probably Stephen Turner (not related).

By late 1856, Turner had relocated to Maitland, where he was organist of St. John the Baptist's Catholic church, West Maitland.

In February 1847 he advertised as a teacher of singing and pianoforte and proprietor of a music retail business. At his Maitland concert in 1849 he was assisted by former Drury Lane singer, Marian Maria Chester. In 1850 he advertised that he had formed a "STRINGED QUADRILLE BAND, performing all the modern Polkas, Mazourkas, Waltzes, Quadrilles &c.", though again, since there is no record of him being a violinist himself, he probably relied on the services of his local musical colleague Edward Faning.

There is no indexed record of Turner's marriage, or of his wife Harriet's family name. Nor is their eldest son Tobias's birth indexed; he was reportedly 17 when he died in 1863, and therefore born around 1846. In that case John and Harriet probably married in Sydney, no later than 1845, presumably at St. Mary's cathedral.

Helen (Ellen), later described as their second daughter, was born in 1848 and registered in Sydney (she married Charles Whittell in 1868 and died in 1935), and a second son, William John, later also a professional musician, was born and registered in Maitland in 1850.

John and his family had returned by mid 1852 to Sydney, where, in July, he was first billed as a vocalist between the pieces at the Royal Victoria Theatre, specialising in Irish songs, and in August and September as an actor in small and character parts. This association continued through seasons in 1853, 1854, and 1855, mainly as an actor, but also including occasional reprises of his popular local song, Paddy Malone's adventures in Australia.

When Andrew Torning and the Howsons began to reintroduce operas at the Victoria again at Christmas 1854, with The night dancers by Edward Loder, Turner took the part of the duke, as well as, presumably, singing in the chorus, and again in February 1855 took a small part in Barnett's The mountain sylph.

In the early part of 1856 he was in Anna Bishop's Sydney company, and in April 1857 in Frank Howson and Lewis Lavenu's production of Lucia di Lammermoor, his last theatrical billing.

From September 1858 onward he advertised regularly as a piano tuner, regulator and repairer.

He was organist and choirmaster of Sacred Heart church, Darlinghurst, by 1851, if not earlier.


Baptisms, St. Paul's, Dublin city; National Library of Ireland, microfilm 08834/03 (DIGITISED)

29th [November] John [son] of Luke and Mary Turner s[ponsors] Mich'l Nugent & Anne Kelly

? "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2 

FIRST NIGHT OF THE WINTER SEASON . . . MONDAY EVENING, April 14, 1845 . . . Orchestra - Mr. J. Gibbs, Leader; Mr. S. W. "Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. Westroppe, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Turner, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Wright . . .

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3 

MISS HINCKESMANN . . . intends giving a GRAND EVENING CONCERT . . . ON FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1845.
The following talented Performers have most kindly promised their valuable assistance:
VOCAL PERFORMERS - MRS. GIBBS, MRS. XIMENES, MRS. JERVIS, AND MISS TUOHY, (Pupil of Miss Hinckesmann, her first appearance);
AND MR. TURNER, (his first appearance) . . .
First Part . . . 2 - The Bandit's Song, Mr. Turner - Russell . . .
Second Part . . . 3 - Song, "The Oak and the Ivy," Mr. Turner - E. Ransford . . .
6 - Glee, "The Witches," Messrs. Worgan, Griffiths, and Turner - M. P. King . . .
Finale, Myriam's Song, "Sound the loud Timbrel," by all the Vocalists.
** The Theatrical Band will comprehend Messrs. O'Flaherty. Deane, E. Deane. W. Deane,
Turner, Friedlander, Westrip, Adams, Wright, Vaughan; and will be assisted by the Members of St. Patrick's Band . . .

MUSIC: The bandit (Henry Russell); The Oak and the Ivy (Edwin Ransford)

"TEA FESTIVAL AT ST. BENEDICT'S", Morning Chronicle (10 January 1846), 2

. . . When tea was over, singing was commenced, and a number of songs were sung in excellent style, by Master Peter Curtis, Mr. Turner, Misses Byrnes and Dooley, and Mrs. Curtis . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Mary Parsons Curtis (vocalist); Peter Campbell Curtis (vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1845), 3 

AT the Right Worshipful the Mayor's Grand Teetotal Festival, that will be held in the Victoria Theatre, This Evening, the following Vocal and Instrumental Music will be performed.
2. Song - George and Victory - Messrs. Howson
3. Song - She wore a wreath of roses - Mrs. Wallace
4. Song - A Lady
5. Song - The old Irish Gentleman - Mr. Turner
6. Song - The City of Sligo - Mr. Ellis . . .

"TEA FESTIVAL AT ST. BENEDICT'S SCHOOL", Morning Chronicle (10 January 1846), 2 

On Wednesday evening last, a Tea Festival was held in St. Benedict's School-room, Abercrombie-Place . . . When tea was over, singing was commenced, and a number of songs were sung in excellent style, by Master Peter Curtis, Mr. Turner, Misses Byrnes and Dooley, and Mrs. Curtis. In the intervals, the company was enlivened by the sprightly tones of a violin, and every one, particularly the younger portion of the company, enjoyed themselves right well . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1846), 1 

. . . MONS. AND MDME. GAUTROT . . . FAREWELL CONCERT . . . Wednesday, the 29th instant, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel . . .
PROGRAMME . . . PART II . . . 8. Song.- "I'm afloat." J. W. White - Mr. J. Turner . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Joseph and Madame Gautrot

MUSIC: I'm afloat (White)

Maitland, NSW (by December 1846):

"TOTAL ABSTINENCE TEA PARTY AND CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 December 1846), 2 

On Wednesday evening, the members of the St. John's Total Abstinence Society got up a very pleasant tea party and concert, at which not only the Teetotallers themselves, but also a numerous and respectable portion of the inhabitants of Maitland, attended. The chair was, as usual on such occasions, occupied by the President of the society, the Rev. Dean Lynch . . . After the address from the Rev. Chairman, the sprightly music of the band, and the laughter exciting songs of Messrs. Fanning and Turner "kept the tables in a roar." Amongst other songs, two sung by Mr. Turner, "The werry identical flute," and "The raal ould Irish gintleman," elicited unbounded applause from their novelty and the quaint manner of the singer . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Thomas Lynch (d. 1884); Edward Faning (violinist, vocalist)

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 December 1846), 1

Grand Total Abstinence Tea Party and Concert.
ON MONDAY EVENING NEXT, the 28th instant, there will be a Grand TEA PARTY and CONCERT in the Temple of Concord . . .
There will be a full Band in attendance.
The Music and Singing will be under the able management of Mr. Turner . . .

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (3 February 1847), 3

A Card. MR. J. TURNER, ORGANIST to the Church of Saint John the Baptist, West Maitland, and late leader of the Choir at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney.
TEACHER of SINGING and the PIANOFORTE, on the modern improved principle, begs respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Maitland, Morpeth, and the Hunter River District generally, that he will be most happy to give LESSONS on SINGING and on the PIANOFORTE to those young ladies and gentlemen who may honor him with their commands.
Mr. T. flatters himself that, from his long experience as a Musician, he will be enabled to give ample satisfaction to those who may favor him with a trial.
The most respectable reference, as to ability, can be given.
Pianofortes Tuned and Repaired on the shortest notice, and on the most moderate scale.
Letters, post-paid, addressed to Mr. J. Turner, "Connor's Cottage," Race-course, West Maitland, will be promptly attended to.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 February 1847), 3

Music! Music!! Music!!!
MR. JOHN TURNER, TEACHER OF SINGING AND THE PIANOFORTE, begs respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Maitland and its vicinity that he has this day Opened an Establishment in High-Street, West Maitland (opposite Mr. David Cohen's Stores), for the SALE OF MUSIC and MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, where he will be constantly supplied with every article in his profession on the most moderate terms.
Mr. T. offers for inspection his present STOCK OF MUSIC, which will be found to consist of - Quadrilles, Waltzes, Country Dances, Songs, &c., from the most celebrated Composers of Italy, France, and Germany.
A choice collection of VIOLIN STRINGS and CLARIONET REEDS on hand.
Pianofortes Tuned and Repaired on the shortest notice.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1848), 3

"ST. JOHN'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury (30 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1849), 1

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1849), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5 

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 December 1850), 1s

"MAITLAND UNION BENEFIT SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (28 January 1852), 2 

This Society held its usual anniversary dinner on Monday evening, at Mr. Brackenreg's, Australian Inn, West Maitland . . . the cloth removed, the usual loyal and appropriate toasts were given . . . Music and song occupied the remainder of the evening - Mr. Turner presiding at the piano . . .

Sydney, NSW (by July 1852):

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (8 July 1852), 2 

THIS EVENING . . . ballad, Kathleen Mavourneen, Mrs. Moore;
Song, Paddy Malone, Mr. Turner; Song, Jeanet and Jeanot, Madame Carandini . . .
Song, The Old Arm Chair, Madame S. Flower; Song, The Death of Nelson, Mr. J. Howson; Hornpipe, Miss A. Hart . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1852), 2 

"Paddy Malone's Adventures in Australia," Mr. Turner . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1853), 2 

. . . Duet, Matrimonial Sweets, Mrs. Moore and Mr. Turner . . .
Song, Paddy Malone's Adventures in Australia, Mr. Turner . . .

[Advertisement], The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (28 January 1854), 14 

Song - The Smuggler King - Mr. Turner . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1854), 4 

. . . Song - "Paddy's Grave," - Mr. Turner . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1854), 4 

THIS EVENING, DECEMBER 23, WILL be produced Loder's opera of THE NIGHT DANCERS. Duke of Silesia, Mr. Turner; Albert, Mr. J. Howson; Godfrey, Mr. Holloway; Fridolin, Mr. F. Howson; Bertha Madame Sara Flower; Mary, Mrs. H. T. Craven; Giselle, Mrs. Guerin . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1855), 4 

. . . LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR, with the whole of the celebrated music. Edgar Ravenswood, Madame Sara Flower; Colonel Henry Ashton, Mr. Frank Howson; Arthur, Mr. Cordner; Raymond, Mr. Holloway; Norman, Mr. Turner . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (14 February 1855), 4 

The opera of Lucia Di Lammermoor was produced last night before it full house - it was eminently successful . . . Mr. Cordner, and Mr. Turner also sustained their parts very creditably . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (26 February 1855), 1 

MR. FRANK HOWSON'S BENEFIT . . . John Barnett's Grand Opera, in three note, entitled,
THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH. Baillie Maowbapple, Mr. Turner; Donald (betrothed to Jessie), on this occasion, Mr. John Howson; Christie (his rival), Mr. S. Howard . . . HELA (Wizard of the Glon). MR. FRANK HOWSON . . .
Leader, Mr. Tranter. Conductor, M. Winterbottom . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1855), 2 

will Open for the Dramatic Season on THURSDAY EVENING, April 12th, 1855 . . .
Among the most prominent members of the company will be found . . .
Mr. L. McGowan, Mr. Maynard, Mr. Cordner, Mr. Turner, Mr. Mayson, Mr. Ryall . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (29 December 1855), 1 

ROYAL HOTEL JANUARY 1ST, 1856.- Madlle. J. J. TISROUX, has fixed her grand morning concert for New-Year's Day . . . assisted by Mrs. C. Read, pianist; Mr. Turner, Mr. Banks, Mrs. Finch, from London . . .

NOTE: Indefinitely postponed

[Advertisement], Empire (3 January 1856), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.- Under the Direction and Management of Mr. A. TORNING.
The Sixth Grand Night of . . . Madame ANNA BISHOP . . .THIS EVENING, Thursday, January 3, 1856 . . .
To conclude with a Petite Comedy, entitled LOVE IN HUMBLE LIFE; or; THE BENEVOLENT SOLDIER. Bonslaus (a soldier), Mr. Stewart; Carlitz (a rustic), Mr. Bruton; Brant (a waiter), Mr. Turner; Christine, Miss Warde . . .

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE . . . THE NEW OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1856), 4 

An amateur friend has forwarded the following on the new opera, Martha: - "Flotow's celebrated romantic opera, Martha, produced at this theatre on Thursday evening . . . Madame Anna Bishop's vocal performance was characterised throughout by that exquisite finish which attends all her efforts . . . Mr. Turner, as the Judge, entered warmly into the spirit of the character, and sang with much effect . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1857), 1 

THE NEW AUSTRALIAN EVANS' SALOON. At MYERS' (Late Toogood's), corner of Pitt and King streets . . .
in consequence of the extensive alterations and decorations, it is impossible to open the above Saloon until THURSDAY EVENING, 19th March.
The following talented artistes are already engaged, viz. - Mademoiselle B. Basmann, Madame Sala, Mr. H. Lamoreaux, Mr. Ryall,
Mr. Turner, Comic and Characteristic Singer, Mr. G. F. Howard; Musical Director; Mr. J. Davis . . .

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (11 April 1857), 3 

Lucy Ashton - Mdme C. CAILLY (for the first time in Sydney.)
Colonel Ashton - Mr. F. Howson; Edgar Ravenswood - Mons. LAGLAISE; Arthur - Mr. Fisher
Norman - Mr. Turner; Raymond - Mr. Walcott; Alice - Mrs. Rogers
Conductor arid Musical Director, M. L. LAVENU . . .
Nights of performance - Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday Evenings . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1858), 1 

WE HEREBY CAUTION the public against harbouring or employing the undermentioned Boys - four in number - having left their homes on last Sunday afternoon, named respectively ALFRED BURNS, age 15; GEORGE ARTHUR F. COFFEY, age 14; EDWARD JAMES GEIGRIAN, age 13; TOBIAS TURNER, age 12 years. Any person harbouring these said boys after this notice, will be prosecuted according to law.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1858), 1 

LOST CHILD - Description: - Name, HELEN TURNER; age, 10 years; sallow complexion, long features, dark brown hair, eyes inclining to hazel, a slight defect in the under lid of the left eye near the nose, something like a stye; had on a buff hood, lisle gingham dress with double skirt and two rows of white braid, white trousers with five tucks and crochet work at bottom; had on a brown holland cape nearly white, with one row of dark braid round it; leather boots laced up the side, and white stockings. Any person giving information as to where she may be found would confer a lasting favour on her afflicted parents. She is supposed to have gone in search of her brother Tobias, who absconded about three weeks ago, and was last seen at Balmain, on Monday afternoon, the 17th instant.
JOHN and HARRIET TURNER, Castlereagh-street South, between Liverpool and Goulburn-streets.

"COLONIAL NEWS. VICTORIA . . . THE SYDNEY ABDUCTION CASE", The Maitland Mercury (20 July 1858), 2

Edward Burns was brought up yesterday at the City Court [Melbourne, VIC] for final examination, on the double charge of having unlawfully taken Ellen Turner from the custody of her parents, and with having committed a rape upon her, she being under the age of twelve years. The arrived the day before yesterday from Sydney. Mr. Reed appeared for the prisoner. John Turner said: I am a musician, and live at Castlereagh-street, Sydney. The child, Ellen Turner, is my daughter, and she is turned ten years of age. We had been on intimate terms with the prisoner for years past. The child left the house on the 17th May, and on the 20th I advertised for her in the Sydney newspapers. The last time I saw her was just before she started for school on the 17th May, on the evening of which day I saw the prisoner. He then informed me and my wife that Ellen was lost. He and I went in search of her, but we could not find her. I did not see her again till the day before yesterday. I saw the prisoner once after the 17th May, but cannot remember the date. Cross examined: I have several children at home. My son Tobias absconded three weeks before Ellen went away. She was not more fond of him than of any of the rest. I stated in the advertisement that she was supposed to have gone to seek her brother, because a woman, in whose house the prisoner lodged, told me that she had seen Ellen at Balmain, and she said she was gone to look after Tobias. Never heard that the prisoner had gone with Ellen to Melbourne to look for Tobias. Mr. Reed reserved the prisoner's defence, and he was committed for trial - Argus, July 9.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1858), 1 

CARD - Mr. J. TURNER, Pianoforte Tuner and Regulator, 401, Castlereagh-street South. N.B. All kinds of repairs neatly done.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1859), 10 

Mr. J. TURNER, Pianoforte Tuner and Regulator, 401, Castlereagh-street South. N.B. All kinds of repairs neatly done.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1860), 1 

MR. J. TURNER. Pianoforte Tuner and Regulator, 389, Castlereagh-street South. N.B.- All kinds of repairs neatly done.

"SACRED HEART", Freeman's Journal (24 August 1861), 5 

A concert will be given in the hall of the Sacred Heart on Monday evening in aid of the funds for the enlargement of the Church. From the excellence of the programme and the talent of the ladies and gentlemen who have volunteered their services on the occasion, a musical treat of no ordinary kind may be anticipated. It is announced that Mr. J. Turner and Mrs. Gibbs, assisted by an efficient chorus, will perform a selection of popular pieces, that cannot fail of pleasing those who know how to appreciate good music. The concert will be under the direction of Mr. Gibbs, who will act as accompanyist on the occasion . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Gibbs (vocalist); John Gibbs (pianist, violinist)

"CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (28 August 1861), 3 

. . . Turner's Australian comic Song "Paddy Malone" was given by Mr. Turner (in costume) with all the humour its author can throw into it, and was vociferously encored; he then sub stituted "Molly Bawn" . . .

"CONFIRMATION AT THE SACRED HEART", Freeman's Journal (25 December 1861), 5 

On Sunday morning, the children who have been under instruction for some weeks past were admitted for the first time to Holy Communion, and afterwards were Confirmed by his Grace the Archbishop . . . We cannot conclude without a word of congratulation on the very efficient manner in which the ladies who form the choir of the Church (for with the exception of Mr. Turner, the organist, we could distinguish no male Voice) performed the music selected for the occasion. We believe this is almost the only Church in the metropolis whose choir is supported by Catholics and members of the congregation, and we should be glad to see the example followed more extensively in all our Churches, for without attempting in the slightest degree to deprecate the talents of those ladies and gentlemen who are professionally engaged in our chorus, it would be very much to the credit of our own people if they assisted and showed a little more interest in the musical part of the services of the Church than they do at present . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1863), 1 

On the 18th instant, at the residence of his parents, 315, Elizabeth-street South, Tobias Turner, the beloved son of John and Harriet Turner, aged 17 years.

[Advertisement], Empire (7 July 1864), 1 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1866), 1 

On Wednesday, 13th instant, at her residence, 91, Liverpool-street, Sydney, aged 50, HARRIET, the beloved and affectionate wife of JOHN TURNER, leaving a large family to deplore their loss. May she rest in peace. Amen.

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1866), 8

The Friends of Mr. JOHN TURNER, Professor of Music, are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his late beloved Wife HARRIET; the procession to move from his residence, No. 91, Liverpool-street, THIS (Friday) MORNING, at 10 o'clock.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1866), 10 

. . . Solo Violin, Master W. J. Turner, pupil of Mr. J. Gibbs, Rhode [Rode] . . .

"MADAME BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (11 August 1866), 498 

This talented musician gave a concert on Tuesday evening in the Masonic Hall which was crowded by a fashionable audience. Madame Bushelle was assisted by several of her pupils some of whom displayed great vocal ability . . . Master W. J. Turner pupil of Mr. Gibbs played two solos on the violin and displayed great talent in his management of this difficult instrument . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Eliza Wallace Bushelle (vocalist); John Gibbs (violinist)

"TEA PARTY", Freeman's Journal (1 September 1866), 551 

On Monday evening last a tea party and concert were given in the Hall of the Sacred Heart Church, in connection with the Young Men's Society attached to that district . . . The concert comprised several ballads and concerted pieces which were sung by amateurs some of whom possess excellent voices. One young gentleman possesses a very sweet tenor voice and in singing he displayed very great taste, we believe he belongs to St. Mary's Cathedral choir, where he is a great acquisition. We must not omit to allude to the bass singer who was encored in every song, his voice is full and deep and promises to be most excellent. But one lady appeared and she did full justice to the parts allotted to her. Mr. Turner presided at the piano and favoured the audience with several of his comic songs which caused much merriment. One amusing character appeared in hibernian costume and sung with much spirit "Finnigan's Wake." A hornpipe and jig were also danced . . .

"SACRED HEART ORGAN FUND", Sydney Mail (24 November 1866), 2 

A concert, in which the choir of the Sacred Heart Church (assisted by several other lady and gentlemen amateurs) took part, was given on Monday in the hall connected with the church. This was the first of a series of concerts which are to be given in aid of a fund for the purchase of a new organ for the church, and, taking everything into consideration, the attendance was very good. The programme consisted of a miscellaneous but excellent selection of music, and for the most part the pieces were very well rendered. Miss Stonner sang two or three solos, and also assisted in the choruses, and was warmly applauded. About thirty of the schoolchildren sang twice during the evening, in a manner which showed that they had been